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SAN mom, T^A 









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edited by 
Lieut, h. D. Kroll 

VSan Antonio 
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Copyright io>9 


Lieut h c. kroll 


The achievements of Kelly Field set forth in the Great World 
War are as far reachins as the ethers in which its products float, 
and it is doubtful indeed if any one ei'er will he able to set down in 
detail the part it played in bringing to an end the historic struggle 
that waged overseas and which brought the whole world to a 
realization of the terrible sufferings endured because of the 
frightfulness with which Germany carried on her machinations. 
When, however, the cause of Freedom rang out from one end of 
the earth to the other and awakened the spirit of the United States 
to a realization of its duty, the day of doom for Germany was set. 

But who knows of the Herculean task that confronted the War 
Department and the gigantic strides made necessary in order to 
hasten the end? And of the Air Service and its accomplishments, 
with the training of thousands of young men to fit them in as perilous 
a work as ever man had undertaken, and which work is today an 
accomplished fact — the conguering of the air? Ask the average 
young American who has served at Kelly Field about the conditions 
that prevailed there and the answer will be invariably, "Speed it 
up!" And therein lies the answer to the question so often put as 
to the wonderful results obtained at this historic field and which 
will go down in history as a living monument to those who served 
their country in the world war, for it bids fair to be maintained in 
the future in the development of America's newest industry. 

"Speed it up!" How those words will resound in days to come 
in the ears of thousands! From early morn till late at night the 
serious-faced youth assembled here from all parts of the land went 
to his tasks with a willingness and eagerness that set a new mark 
in the rendering of service, and when the final adjustment comes and 
the records are summed up Kelly Field will stand out in the line of 
achievement like a ray of golden sunshine piercing a leaden sky. 


Dedice^led to Those 
breo^e Men Who H^-v^ 
Offered Tbeir "Lives 
Tb2v.t Liberty ^ha.U Nol 
Perish esX)d TbaJt All M^T)- 
kind May Edjoj the l^iAbt 
to Live , Love ej^d Follow 
Tbeir Pe2>.ceful Pur sail 5. 





3n ifWemoriam 


ANGEU CYRIL XL, 2ii Lieut. 

BAKER. H. T.. 1st Lieut. 
RARBER, NEWELL C, 2d Lieut. 
BE.-\UCH.\MP, OLIVER T., 1st Lieut. 
BI':lLO\VS. FR.\NKLIN B., 2d Lieut. 
UlTTEXGER, HOWARD P., 2d Lieut. 
BLECKLEY, ERWIN R.. 2d Lieut. 

BOLDT. H. ST. JOHN, 1st Lieut. 
BOWE.V. JOSEPH B.. 2d Lieut. 
BOWYER. JAMES E., 2d Lieut. 
miOUIE, CLARENCE \., 1st Lieut. 
BURNS, JAMES S. D., 2d Lieut. 
CAMPBELL, BURTON L., 1st Lieut. 
CARPENTER, J. I., 1st Lieut. 
CASE, LYMAN E., 1st Lieut. 
CASSARD. DANIEL W., 1st Lieut. 

COCHR.\X, ROBERT J.\MES, 1st Lieut. 
COCHR.VNE. ST.\XLEY L.. 2d Lieut. 
COLE.M.VN. DE WITT. Jr., 1st Lieut. 

CRONIN. EDWARD M., 1st Lieut. 
CRUMB, HARRIS E.. 2d Lieut. 
CURRY, IRBY R., 1st Lieut. 
CARTER, EDW.A.RD VIVI.\N, 1st Lieut. 

FORBES, E.\RL, 2d 

FOX. R.\YMOND F.. 1st Lieut. 
FREBISHER, J. E., Capt. 
GARDINER. E. H.. 2d Lieut. 

2d Lieut. 
2d Lieut. 


G.\RRETT, CLAUDE S., 1st Lieut. 
GIROUX, ERNEST A., 1st Lieut. 
GRACIS. RALPH D., 1st Lieut. 
GRIDBB. JOHN McG., 1st Lieut. 
GUNDEL.\CH. ANDRE A. H., Lieut. 
H.\MILTON, LLOYD A., Ist Lieut. 
HA.MMER, E.\RL M.. Ist Lieut. 
H.A.NSCOM, AUSTIN F.. 2d Lieut. 
H.\RRIS, DAVID B., 2d Lieut. 
HILL, R. C, Ist Lieut. 
HIRTH, F. K., 2d Lieut. 
HITCHCOCK, R. W.. Ist Lieut. 
HOBBS. WARREN T., Ist Lieut. 
HUNT, JASON SOLON, 1st Lieut. 
JEROM, GILBERT M., Ist Lieut. 
JOHNSON. COX.\RD, 1st Lieut. 
JOHNSON. DON.\LD, Ist Lieut. 
K.\HLE. CL.ARENCE C. Ist Lieut. 
KEARNEY, THOS. E., 1st Lieut. 
KESSLER. S.\MUEL R., JR., 2d Lieut. 
KELTY. .ACHER E., 1st Lieut. 
KENNEDY'. CHESTER H., 2d Lieut. 
KER, D.AVID. 1st Lieut. 
KI.MBER, .ARTHUR C. 1st Lieut. 
KINNEY'. CL.AIR A., 1st Lieut. 
KULL, GEO. P., 1st Lieut. 
L.AYTON, L.AWRENCE, 1st Lieut. 
LEHR. M.ANDERSOX. 1st Lieut. 
LOUD, HAROLD D., 2d Lieut. 
LOWRY. F. B., 2d Lieut. 
LOUGHR.AN, L. B., 1st Lieut. 
LUKE. FRANK, JR.. 1st Lieut. 
LUMSDEN, J. C, 2d Lieut. 
MacARTHUR, JOHN, 2d Lieut. 

M.ATTHEWS. RICHARD A., 1st Lieut. 
MCLENDON, JOEL H., Ist Lieut. 
MCORMICK. JOHN F.. 1st Lieut. 
MILLER, JOHN O., 1st Lieut, 
MILLER, WALTER B., 2d Lieut. 
MOODY', RICH.ARD W., 2d Lieut. 
MOORE, FRANK N., 2d Lieut. 

MORSE, GUY E., 2d Lieut. 
NOBLE, R.ALPH M., 2d Lieut. 
NUTT, .\L.AN, Ist Lieut. 
O'DONNELL, P.AUL J., 2d Lieut. 
OFFUTT. J.ARVIS J., 1st Lieut. 
OVINtlTON, CARTER L., 1st Lieut. 
PAL.MER, KEENE M., Ist Lieut. 
PARKER, R.AYMOND W.. 2d l.,ieut. 
PARROTT, ED.MUND A., 1st Lieut. 
PEREE, HARRIS E., Ist Lieut. 
PHILLIPS, W.ALTER A., 1st Lieut. 
POTTER, W. M. C, Ist Lieut. 
PRENTICE, LEE C. 2d Lieut. 
PUTMAN. D.AVID E., 1st Lieut, 
REILLY. LLOYD G. E., 1st Lieut. 
RICHARDS. JOHN F., Ist Lieut. 
ROSS, CLEO J., 1st Lieut. 
ROTH. IRVING, Ist Lieut. 
RUSSELL, WILLIAM M., 1st Lieut. 
RUST. CHARLES E., 2d Lieut. 
SUNFORD. JOSEPH R., 1st Lieut. 
S.ANDS. CHARLES B., Ist Lieut. 
SHILLING, FR.ANZ F., Isl Lieut. 
SCHONE, HAROLD J., 1st Lieut. 
SIEBOLD. GEORGE V., 1st Lieut. 
SH.AW, IRWIN D.. Ist Lieut. 
SIMON, HERBERT K., 1st Lieut. 
SMITH, WALTER W., 1st Lieut. 
STEVENS, HENRY L., Ist Lieut. 
STILES. ROBERT H., 1st Lieut. 
SYKES, DON J., 1st Lieut. 
TAYLOR, EVERETT -A., 2d Lieut. 
THOMAS. GER.ALD P., 2d Lieut. 
UPTON. CH.ARLES H.. 1st Lieut. 
WAY, HOWARD P., 2d Lieut. 
WHITE. SIDNEY W., Ist Lieut. 
WHITNEY', R. H., 2d Lieut. 
WICKS, GLENN D., Ist Lieut. 
WOLD, ERNEST G.. 1st Lieut. 
WOOD, FRANCIS .A., 2d Lieut 
WOOTEN, JAMES C 2d Lieut. 
ZELLERS, GEORGE H., 1st Lieut. 








Lieut. JAMES DeG. M.AY 














i;.\i)lA'l'l';i) rriiiii rnitcd states .Military Academy, West roiiil, N. Y.. 
Ill il»l)4. ( 'iiIiuhI i'r.ill Joined Ihe Cavalry hi'aiieh of the Ueiiular Ai-iiiy al 

San h'i'anciscii, Cal.. latci' scr\in,i;' in the i*liilii)[)ines and Fori Snellinii-. 

.Minnesota, lie seixcd as .\idr df ('amp 1o President Taft from l!)Oi) to 
1!)1L*. e.xeept for a jieriod dui'ino; 1!lll when he served as Aide to .Major-General 
William II. Carter when the latter conimanilcil the trooi)s wliich i-oncentrated al 
San ,\ntonio at the time of the pi'ospeelive .Mcxiran intcrvmtinn. 

Colonel I'ratt went tii California as an .\idi' to .Major (leneral .Vrthur 
Murray, remaining until DeecmhiM', 1!)l"i, when he joinrd thr Fii'st Cavalry. 
.serving with that Regiment at San Franeiseo, in the ^■osl■mite ^'alley and 
Monterey. California, and on the border oi)posite 'Piajnna, .Me.xieu. He then 
returned to General Murray's staff and sei'veil with him at San Francisco during 
the San Frani'iscn l^xpositimi. after whii-h he i-cjoineil the h'ii'st Cavalry for a 
short time arid was aftei'ward ap])ointcil .Vide to lli-i^iiidicr (General George 
Bi'll, -ii.. joining (ieneral Hell at San .\ntonio. 

When our fol-ees entcicil .Mexico. Colonel I'ratt accompanicil Gcncl'al I'.ell 
to El Paso where the latter assumed command. Colonel Pratt remained at Kl 
Paso until (he spring of lOK] when he joined the Fourth Cavalry in Honolulu, 
serving there until October of (hat year, when he was assigned to Ihe Air Service 
as a ilajor. I'eporting for duty at Kt^lly Field. From here he went to ('all Field. 
Wichita Falls. Texas, i-emaininti' ihei'c about thi'ee months, when he received his 
proniotion and organized and commanded IJi'ooks h'teld, San .\ntonio, Texas, 
until September, HUT. 

Since leaving P>rooks Field Colonel Pratt has beim on duly in Washington 
and also fortunate emnigh to have had a short peiiod of sei'viee with the 
Amci'H'an ICspedit ionai'v h'orees. He was appointed ('(ihinel in .\ugust, 1918. 

He received his J. M. A. on Scptembei' I'J. HtlS. .\ nth aftei' returning to 

W'ashington he was assigiunl to conuiiand Kelly Field, assuming command 
Januarv H. KH!). 

Commanding Kelly Field 

Photo by Powell 

M A.IOH IIAH15Y (iKAllA.M, A. S. A. 

Inrjl \.|( (K (IKAIIA.M scrvcil ilin'iii^;- llic Siiniiisli-Aiiiriicaii War in I'nrln \\\cn 
ILxJI a^ Isl l,l('\it. 4lli nhii) \'iil. I iifaiit I'v. aiil was licami'alily iiiuslcird mil 
.laiiuary 120, IM)!). I Ic ciilislcd in ('uinpany I), I'Jtli 1 iifaiil ry .lunc Hi, IMHl. and 
was commissioned "Jnd Liciil. 2'2nd I'. S. Inraiili.v fi'iim the ranks Septpnilicr :l(l, 
I'JOO. He was i)r(ininlrd lo 1st hicu1. L'-Jnd I nlanl i\ .Man-h 2!l. I!)()4. and Captain 
2Cth Inlantry Si'pt(ini)tT lo, 1!IM. Dnrin^- :u>t)\c period hv sfi-Vfd two tours in 
the I'liilippincs ami one in Alaska. Durin-i- l!)12-l!)i:? ho served in the Aviatit.'ti 
Seclion ol' the Siijnal Corps as a pilot and held 1 nti'rnational Pilot's License 
No. 152 <>ranlcd in .\ii<_nist, 1!)12. lie was out of the service i'fom .lannary 10. 
1917 to Feinuai'y 4, lillS, when he was recoinm'ssioned Captain and attached to 
the .\ir Service. Since .March. IIHS. he has been at Kelly h'iehl as Instnictoi'-l n- 
spectov of the Flying' Department, I'ost Adjutant, and Kxecutix'e Offieer. Il( 
was commissioned .Major in the Air Service Oi-tohcr 1. 1918. 


>IA.I()li .1. M. Wlin H, A. S. A„ 

\.I(U; Wlirri-; cnlistecl in limi ami saw art ive service in the Philipp'nes. 

lie was discharged as ('(]r[)oia! in 1904. re-enlisting- Fehriniry IS. 19()."i, 
antl serving as Private. Corjioral and .S-i<r.'aiit in I'. S. and in Philippines. He 
was appointed 2nd Lieutenant -lanuar.v 21si. I'.Ml. and promoted to 1st Lieu- 
lenanl January 2nd. 191(i. Sei'vecl alinut I I \i'ais in the Philippines. While on 
leave to the States was ])iMmoted to Cajjlain, .\. S. S. ('.. and ordered In Kelly 
Field. Tie arrived at Field Octohci' 22. 1917. and was assigned to duty as 
Supply Ofiicei'. h'lyini;- Depai'tment until DecemlHU- 20. 1917: .\ssislant Ad- 
jutant, Field llead(|uarters Decemhei' 21, 1017 lo S-ptemher o, 191M. Ai)i)()iuleil 
Adjutant of Field Septend)er 4th, 191S, anil pronmled lo fank of ^lajor October 
12th, 1918. 


H.\I'T\I.\ AUSTIN entered F. H. ( ). T. ('.. Cam]) Stanley. Leon SpriuRs. 
Ti'.xas. .\u,L,ntst 2."i. 1917, and was commissioned Captain of Infaidry No- 

vemher 27, 1917. IL' re])or1eii \u ( iiiimandinfi' Officer, 90th Division, ('aiiiji 
Travis, December l-'i, 1917. He repoiteil to ('nmmandiug Officer. Kelly Field, 
December 27, 1917, and was assiiiiieil to the 2n I 'rraiiuii": P>i-igadc. Ti'ansferret! 
to A. S. S. C February IS. IDIS. detailed to command June Replacement 
Detacmmcnt of 880 men in May. irpoitinii them to Commanding Officer, Camp 
Menitt, N. J. Returned to Kelly F'l Id Jum 7. 1918. and was assigned as Com- 
maading Officer of Isl and 2nd llattalion, 2iid Training Bi'igadc. Assigned to 
Concentralion Brigade August 1st. lOlS; ajjpointed Hxecutive Officer. Con- 
cenlration Brigade, August lOtli. 101s. In addition to abi}vt'. Captain Austiri 
has served on both (rcm'i'al and Special ( 'ouiis-martial and \ ai ious othci' P>(.ai'ds, 
Assigned as Assistant Post .\djutaid Jainiaiy 20, 1919. ancl as Field Ad.iutanl 
Fehruarv 10, 1919. 




Photo by Powell 

LIEUT. COL. L. H. BAUER. M. C. Post .SHri/cfjH— Reported 
at Kelly Field February 21. 1918. Transterred lo 
Wasliinston February 5. 1919. 

.MA.IOR R. F. SCOTT. JR., sitiiinl Nh/'/''." 0//i(rr— Reported 
at Kelly Field July 6. 1917. when Col. W. Cliase was in 
command. At that time Major Scott was one of only 
12 officers on the Field. He was appointed Supply 
Officer, and became responsible for the Kelly Fielil 
Supply Department, which is considered one of Ihe 
most famous in the Air Service, comprisin.n at one time 
twenty million dollars worth of property and a 
personnel of 1700 men. Major Scott was also re- 
sponsible for the Ground Officers Training School at 
Kelly Field. On Ffbruary 19. 1918. he was promoted to 
Major. He received bis R. M. A. December 26. 1918. 

MAJOR R. F. LOXGACRE. M. C— Commissioned Captain 
July 12, 1918, promoted to Major July 18. 1918. assigned 
Post Surgeon February 3. 1919. 

CAPTAIN CROSSON In rhariir Cooks diitl l!iik-iis Siliool-- 
Served as enlisted man from September, 1916 to July. 
1917. Granted temporary appointment as 2nd Lieut. 
Regular Army July 9, 1917. Assistant Mess Officer, 
Jefferson Barracks, Mo., and Assistant Instructor R. 0. 
T. C. Fort Snelling. Promoted to 1st Lieut. Infantry 
July 15, 1917. made Captain August 16. 1917. Assigned 
lo duty in charge of Cooks and Itakers School. Kelly 
Field April 27. 1918. His home address is San Antonio. 

CAPT. J. J. GALLAGHER, A.' S. A., liitrlli,/, „,■, OfficPr— 
Commissioned 1st lieut.. November 23, 1917. Reported 
at Kelly Field January 22, 1918, and assigned to duty 
with Intelligence Office. Made Intelligence Officer in 
July. 1918. and promoted to Captain August 28. 1918. 
Captain Gallagher enlisted in 189S and has served in 
the Infantry and Cavalry. His home is in San Antonio. 

t;APTAIN F. J. WHITE. A. S. A.— Commissioned 1st Lieut. 
November 8, 1917. Reported at Kelly Field February 
22. 1918. On duty with 324th Sqdn. Assigned as 
Publicity Officer and Officer in charge of "Eagle" 
August 22. 1918, Promoted to Captain A. S. A. August 
28, 1918. Assigned as Summary Court Officer, for pur 
pose of administering oaths only September 8. 1918. 
Home address Denver. Colorado. Captain White served 
as an enlisted men in the Signal Corps. N. G.. N. Y. 
from 1895 to 1899. Captain. S. C. N. G., Colorado, from 
1899 to 1904. 

CAl'T.MX H. B. LOVE, Pfrsonnvl Ailjniiint — Commissioned 
in Infantry November 27. 1917. after training at Second 
Officers' Training Camp. Leon Springs. San .\nionio. 
Reported at Kelly Field December 22. 1917, and assigned 
lo command a group of lines in the 4th I'rov. Ivicrnii 
Regiment. Assigned as Record Officer, K( iruit Divi 
sion, January 19. 1918. July 26th. transferred to Flying 
Department. Returned to Kelly One August 26. and as- 
signed as Personnel Adjutant. Casual Detachment. In 
November. Personnel Adjutant of 3rd Wing. C. O. of 
3rG and 5th Wings and on December 31, 1918. assigned 
as Post Personnel Adjutant. 

LIEUT. T. MARTIN. PosI C< nsor — Commissioned Novembt r 
S, 1917. and assigned to duty with the 241sL Sqdn. 
Tran.-ferred from Infantiy to Aviation Section in 
February. 1918. On duty with Assistant Executive 
Offieir. K. F. July to August. 1918. Has served as 
Summary Court and Survey Officer. Post Censor and 
Staff Salvage Officer. 

LIEUT. E. P. ROCHESTER— Commissioned November 8. 
1917. Arrived at Kelly Field December 10. 1917. Ap 
pointed Assistant Judge Advocate December 31. 1917. 
Appointed Summary Court Officer and Survey Officer 
August 23. 1918. 

sioned January 23. 1918. Assigned to 1st Tr. lirigade 
March 3, 1918. As Assistant Adjutant April 27, 1918. 
Assistant Personnel Adjutant August 2. 1918. Assistant 
Adjutant September 16. 1918. Hoine address Elysia, 

LIEUT. P. B. JACKSON. Assishnit .l(//i//r(/i/— Appointed 1st 
Lieut. S. R. C. A. S. April 2. 1918, assigned as Ass't. 
Adjutant April 3, 1918. 

LIEUT. G. A. CLARK. A. S. A.— Graduated from School 
for Adjutants. Columbus. Ohio, .\pril 27th. i;il.S. Com- 
missioned May 6th, 1918. and assigned to Kelly Field. 
While at Kelly Field, he has been Assistant Command- 
ing Officer of Line 14. Section 9. Trades Division. 1st 
Tr. Brigade. Inspector of Trades Division. Inspector 
of Casual Detachment. Insurance Officer. .Assistant 
Personnel Adjutant in charge of Assignment Office. 
and Assistant Adjutant in charge of Officers' Personnel. 





»-'•■ '• "~f' 

Photos bv Raba 

LIEUT. COL. H. B. CL.\GETT. I'ommanding — Appointed to U. S. Military Acadoiny by President Roosevelt .July 31st, 1S02, and 
graduated June 12. 1906. Assigned as 2nd Lieutenant to the 23rd Infantry and served in Philippines, Indiana and Texas 
until December, 1912. Promoted to 1st Lieutenant May, 1911. Appointed Aide to President Taft December 6tli, 1912. Re- 
mained with President Taft until latter went out of office. Reappointed Aide to President Wilson Marcli Itli. UI13. Con- 
tinued with President Wilson until May, 1914. Rejoined the 23rd Infantry May 4th. 1914, at Texas City. Transferred to 
the lUth Infantry in the Canal Zone February, 1915. Served with the 10th Infantry in the Canal Zone until July 1st, IDIC. 
Then promoted to Captain, and assigned to the 33rd Infantry in tile Canal Zone. Transferred to the ,'jth Infantry in the 
Canal Zone June 1st. 1917. Appointed Major. Aviation Section, Signal Corps, September 21st, 1917, and assigned to duly 
at Kelly Field. Texas. In command of the 1st, 3rd and Provisional Recruit Regiments, also the Recruit Division at Kelly 
Field from October 13tli. 1917, to May 8th, 191S. At RoclJwell Field, California, from May until August, completing final 
primary training and also gunnery training. In command of Flying DepartnuiU. Kelly Field, from September 2nd to No- 
vomber. iniS. wlien he as.sumed coTuniaml ol" Ki>ll.\- Field. Relioved by Colonel Pr^ilt January 14. 1919. 

MAJOR L. B. JACOBS. A. S. A., Commanding Flying School 
Detachment — Major Jacobs was commissioned 2nd Lieut.. 
N. G.. Delaware, June 6, 1907. Called into the Federal 
Service as Captain, 1st Del. Inf.. at Deming, N. M., in the 
winter of 1916-17. At Fort Du Pont and State Range, Del.. 
in convmand of 2nd Bn.. 1st Del. Inf. in the spring and 
summer of 1917. October, 1917, transferred to Field 
-Arlillery, N. G., and assigned to the 104th Ammunition 
Train, 29th Division, March 6, 1918. Commissioned in 
the Signal Corps and assigned as Equipment Officer. 
Aviation Concentration Camp, Morrison, Va. Commanding 
there from June to July, 1918. Arrived at Kelly Field 
August 20, 1918. and completed R. M. A. training Nov. 
20, 191S. Placed in command of the Flying School Detach- 
ment, comprising an autliorized personnel of 1,658 men, 
November IS. 1918., Officer in charge of Garrison School. 
F. D.. in addition to other duties, since January 1, 1919. 

MAJOR C. W. RUSSELL, Officer in Charge Flying — Major 
Russell is a West Point graduate and one of the pioneer 
American Military Aviators. He arrived at Kelly Field 
in November. 191S, succeeding Captain Robert B. McGill. 
Major Russell served in the Philippines from 1914 to 191C. 
yia was then promoted to 1st Lieut, and took up aviation 
at San Diego. He served witli General Pershing in Mexico, 
as a member of the First Aero Squadron, Uncle Sam's first 
air unit. In May, 1917, he was promoted to Captain and 
sent to Panama to organize the Air Service in the Canal 
Zone. On returning to the States, he was assigned as 
O. I. C. Flying, Rich Field, Waco, Texas. He was promoted 
to Major in April, 1918, and placed In command of Rich 
Field. Previous to his assignment to Kelly Field, he was 
on duty at tlie D. M. A., Washington, D. C. 

CAPTAIN B. M. CANE. Engineering Officer — Commissioned 
1st Lieut, in S. R. C, A. S., August 15, 1917. Assigned 
to Kelly Field August 24. 1917. and made Assistant 
Engineer Officer November 25, 1917. Made Chief Engineer 
Officer June 20, 1918. Completed R. M. A. training in 
August, 1918, anil promoted to Captain August 1, 1918. 

CAPTAIN H. V. HAND, Cadet Wing Commandant— Enlisted 
August 23, 1913, commissioned 2nd Lieut. Inf. July 9, 
1917. Service in the Aviation Section since 1914. On 
duty at Kelly Field since September, 1917. At present 
Commandant of Cadet Wing. 

CAPTAIN J. PIRISKT. A. S. A.. Personnel Adjutant — Enlisted 
Oct. 13, 1911. Served in Company "I." 13th U. S. Inf. to 
October 12, 1914. Re-enlisted October 13th. 1914. in same 
organization. Held grades as Corporal, Sergeant and 1st 
Sergeant in the Philippine Islands. Transferred as Sgt. 
to Co. "E," 26th U. S. Infantry. October 15th. 1915. Held 
grades as Sergeant and 1st Sergeant on the Mexican 
border. Transferred as Sergeant to Aviation Section, S. C, 
June 11th, 1917, for duty at Kelly Field. (At that time 
Kelly Field had 4,000 enlisted men and only 5 Officers.) 
Entered the Ground Officers Training School at Kelly 
Field, October 6th. 1917, and graduated November 2 4 th, 
1917. Commissioned as 1st Lieut. A. S., Sig. R. C, 
December 26tb, 1917. Promoted to Captain A. S. A.. 
September 17th, 1918. Duties while at Kelly Field, a 
member of the Provisional Aviation. School Squadron 
under Major Edgerly, and later a member of the 84th 
Squadron, Instructor in Ground Officers Training School, 
Commander 227th Aero Squadron, Assistant Inspector, 
Flying Department, and Personnel Adjutant, Flying De- 
partment, September 26th, 1918, to date. 

CAPTAIN W. R. BECKER. A. S. A., Flying Department Ad- 
jutant — Entered the service January 17. 1917. Reported 
at Kelly Field July, 1917. Passed R. M. A. test, and on 
September 4, 1917, commissioned 1st Lieut. Has served 
as: Supply Officer 24th Aero Squadron. C. O. 185th 
Sriuadron, Assistant Engineer Officer. Flying Department. 
O. I. C. Field and Hangars, and Assistant Officer in Ciiarge 
Flying. Appointed Adjutant of Flying Department August 
29, 1918. Promoted to Captain, A. S. A. October 1, 1918. 

Maintenance Officer, Summary Court Officer — Commis- 
sioned 1st Lieut., S. R. C, A. S.. August 30, 1917. Re- 
ported at Kelly Field October Sth. 1917. Assigned as 
Adjutant, 67th Aero Sqdn. October 9, 1917. and placed in 
command of same Squadron a few days later. In com- 
mand of 7th Provisional Recruit Company. 3rd Recruit 
Rattalion, and next with the 4th Provisional Recruit 
Regiment as Recruit Receiving Officer. January 1, 1918, 
became Recruit Receiving Officer. Trades Division. 
Transferred to Flying Department April 1, 1918, and made 
Efficiency Officer. On May 7, 1918, made Maintenance 
and Summary Court Officer. June 3, 1918, reappointed 
member General Court Martial Board. Honorably dis- 
charged March 4, 1919. Civil occupation; civil engineer. 

LIEUT. PAUL O. SERGENT, A. S. A., Detail Officer — Commis- 
sioned 2nd Lieut.. Aviation Section, Signal Reserve Corps, 
November 27th, 1917, from the Infantry at Fort Sheridan 
Training Camp. Assigned to active duty Kelly Field.. 
Texas. December 10th, 1917. Assigned as Adjutant, 615lh 
Aero Squadron, January 14th, in Second Training Brigade, 
and transferred to Flying Department on January 2Stli, 
1918. On special duty at Flying Department Headquarters 
until March 19th. 1918. when appointed Detail Officii- 
and Assistant Adjutant. Flying Department. Started fly- 
ing instruction on dual stage July 2nd. 191S. Received 
promotion from 2nd Lieut. A. S. M. A., to 1st Lieut. 
A. S. A. November 6th, 1918. Received R. M. A. rating 
November 11th. 1918. 

LIEUT T. R. McCRACKEN, A. S. M. A.. Assistant Personnel 
Adjutant — Entered Second Officers Training Camp. Fort 
Nir.gara, N. Y., and commissioned 2nd Lieut. Infantry 
Reserve Corps November 27th, 1917, and ordered to Camp 
Travis, Texas. Reported at Camp Travis December IStli. 
1917. and entered a course in Machine Guns. January 
10th, 1918, was transferred to Aviation Section, Signal 
Corps and ordered to Kelly Field. Assigned to Quarantine 
Camp, where remained until April 19th, 1918. Then 
detailed as Mess Officer of the Recruit Division. July 
6th, 1918, assigned to 180th Aero Squadron, Kelly Field 
No. 2. August 15th relieved from 180th and assigned as 
Assistant Inspector Flying Department. September 2Stli 
assigned as Assistant Personnel Adjutant. Flying De- 
partment and Commanding Officer 1st Air Service Band. 
When 1st Air Service Band was moved from Flying De- 
partment relieved of Command, January 25th, 1919. 

LIEUT. CARL E. NEWMAN, Assistant Adjutant — Commis- 
sioned in March, 1918. On Duty at Flying Department 
since -April. 1918. as Assistant Adjutant, and Officer in 
charge Quarters, Band and guard roster. 

LIEUT. HOWARD G. De VAN. Assistant Adjutant — Commis- 
sioned March 18, 1918. Assigned to 180th Squadron March 
25, 1918. Instructor Inspector July 25, 1918. Assigned to 
Flying Department August 28, 1918. Home Pittsburgh, 



Photos bv Powell 

Silling, lefl to right:-Capt. W. R. Becker, Major C. W. Russell. Li. Col. H. B. Clagett, Major L. B. Jacobs 
Standing, left to right:— Capl. J. PiRisKY, Capt. F. Van P. Ellsworth, Li. A. F. Nusser, Li. T. R. McCracken, 
Li. C. p. Skemp, Capt. B.M.Cane, Lt. Paul O. Sergent, Li. Howard G. DeVan. 


LtColQcrald C Brant Haj. TmRNsDEUEL MAJ.lm(T.tlEFFmhfAN 





. r 



L )t - 





Post September 16, 1917. and assumed command on 
September 18. 1917. Promoted to Lieut. Colonel from 
Major August 15. 1917. Promoted to Colonel September 

22. lyiT. Lcl'l Post March 25, 1<I1S. 

COLONEL G. V. S. QUACKENI5USH. A. S. M. A.— Reported 
October 8. 1917. Assigned to the command of Training 
Brigade October 28. 1917. Assumed command of Post 
February 15. 1918. Appointed Colonel. A. S. M. A. Aug. 

23. 1918. Left Post September 28. 1918. 

COLONEL \V. E. GILL.MORE. A. S. A.— Assumed command 
of Post on October 3, 1918, transferred to WasliiuKlon. 
D. C. while on detached service December .5. 1918. 

LIEUT. COLONEL H. B. CLACETT— Assigned to duty at 
Kelly Field as Major. Aviation Section. Signal Corps. 
September 21. 1917. In command of the 1st. 3rd and 
Provisional Recruit Regiments from October. 1917. to 
May. 1918. From May to August, 1918. at Rockwell 
Field. Returned and assumed command of Flying 
Dei)artment September 2. 1918. assumed command of 
Kelly Field November 20, 1918. Relieved by Colonel 
Pratt .lanuarv 14. 1919. 

at Post May 23. 1918. Assigned as Commanding Officer, 
Flying Dept. May 30. 1918. Assigned as Temporary 
Fire Marshal June 27, 1918. Left for Washington. 
D. C. July 22. 1918. 

.MAJOR THORNE DEUEL, J. M. A.— Reported at Post 
July 3, 1917. In command of Flying School to October 
7, 1917. Assigned w^ith Detachment of Flying Cadets 
December 4. 1917. Judge Advocate. G. C. M. Appointed 
Salvage Officer March 9. 1918. Assigned as Executive 
Officer. Flying Department April 13. 1918. Left Post 
June (i. 1918 for Hicks. Texas. 

MAJOR L. G. HEFFERNAN, J. M. A., A. S. A.— Reported 
at Post July 12. 1918. Assigned as C. O. Flying Depart- 
ment July 12. 1918. Left September 28, 1918, en riinle 
to Hobokcn. N. J. 

MAJOR HARRY L. JORDAN— Arrived at Post March 14. 
1918. from Camp Dodge. low-a. Assigned as Assistant 
Fire Marshal. Later assigned as Special Inspector. 
Kelly Field. April 29. 1918. Relieved May 15, 1918. 

MAJOR FRANK D. LACKLAND— Arrived at Post Nov. 
14. 1917. and assigned to 1st Tr. Brigade. Relieved 
April 13. 1918. and proceeded to Mt. Clemens. Michigan. 

MAJOR S. B BUCKNER— Commissioned August 5, 1917. 
Assigned to duty with the First Training Brigade 
March 4, 1918. Assigned to command the Third Train- 
ing Brigade .May 11. 1918. In command of the First 
Tr. Brigade June 23. 1918. Relieved August 28. 1918. 

MAJOR JOHN P. EDGERLY— Assigned to command Re 
cruit Camp until September 5, 1917. Promoted to Major 
from Captain on October 21. 1917. Left Post for 
Charlotte. N. C, on July 8. 1918. 

MAJOR CHAS. H. BONESTEEL— Reported at Post from 
Headyuartcrs. Hawaiian Department. Honolulu. Nov. 
3, 1917. Assigned to 2nd Tr. Brigade February 7. 1918, 
and to the 1st Tr. Brigade February 14, 1918. Relieved 
July 11, 1918. 

19. 1918. Post Exchange Officer to March 10. 1918, and 
promoted to Major from Captain February 19. 1918. In 
command of 2nd Win.g. Concentration Brigade from 
September 23, 1918. to October 13, 1918. 



0KLLY FIELD, the greatest aviation field in the United 
States, and one of the greatest in the world, was in 
a sen?e the favored child of the San Antonio Chamber 
of Commerce. A committee of the Chamber of Commerce 
aEsembled the neces.sary land for this undertaking and 
presented the proposition to the Aviation Production Board 
in Washington in June. 1917. The contract was finally 
signed in .July, 1917. comprising all of what is Kelly Field 
Number Two. Kelly Field One having been acquired a few- 
months earlier. In addition to Kelly Two, a tract nearly 
as large just across the railroad, below Kelly One. was 
!ea.=ed and another tract across the Somerset Road, still 
l.irger. The total acreage in what would have been these 
tour Kelly Fields, was over six thousand acres. The 
Secretary of the Chamber of Commerce signed the contract 
on behalf of San Antonio, and at the request of the Aviation 
Department the Chamber of Commerce leased the land from 
Ihe owners individually and subleased it to the United 
States Government. 

The haste under which the contract was worked out 
made it impossible to figure costs exactly and the Chamber 
of Commerce offered the Government one of the most 
unique contracts in the history of the assembling of the 
aviation fields. This contract called for service by the 
Chamber of Commerce without profit and the guarantee 
that the books and accounts of the Chamber of Commerce 
as agent for the aviation fields should be exaiuined 
periodically by United States Government officials, or at 
any time the Government officials might choose to examine 
the books: and that at stated intervals any excess over the 
actual cost of handling these aviation propositions for the 
Government should be returned to the Governiuent. The 
Chambers of Commerce has already returned to the Govern- 
ment more than .$5600 in money saved by the economical 
handling of Kelly Field. 

What would have been Kelly Field Three and Kelly 
Field Four was released in the fall of 1917 at the suggestion 
of the British and French aviators who were of the opinion 
that such large flying fields so close together would resul' 
in accidents and collisions. Later on the Chamber of Com 
merce assembled the property in what is known as Brooks 
Field and this likewise is handled in the same manner. 
When that field was presented to the Aviation llepartmenl 
tlie interesting fact came out that a few years before a 
special beard of officers appointed by the army to investi- 
gate conditions for air trainin.^ had reported thai the 
climatic and othfr conditions at San .\ntonio were the most 
favorable in the United States. 

The original flying in the United States Army was 
done at San Antonio; one lone hangar stood near what is 
now the center of Camp Travis and Lieut. Benjamin D. 

Foulois. as he was then known, now Brig. Gen. Foulois, 
was the pioneer of American army aviators. At the time 
of the threatened trouble with Mexico in 1916 our entire 
air fleet was assembled at San Antonio and consisted of 
the superb number of eight, more or less antiquated, ma- 
chines. Unfortunately the record of army flying will 
probably never give full credit to the daring young men 
who risked their lives in flying in these old machines into 

In the development of Kelly Field an enviable record 
of efficiency has been established. Not only in the gross 
number, but in the relative number of flying hours per 
machine has Kelly Field set a record in the army. At the 
close of the winter of 1917-18 the total number of flying 
hours in Kelly Field was greater than all the other aviation 
fields in the United States put together. There is no doubt 
of the fact that the men trained at this great field con- 
tributed largely to the success of the American army in 
France. San Antonio with its historic associations of the 
Alamo, where brave Americans died for liberty, is proud 
to have in its environs this great training field for American 
aviators: and this city is proud to add to the traditions 
of the Alamo and its gallant forefathers who established 
liberty in the Southwest the traditions of the brave men, 
some of whom gave their lives in training here, others of 
whom gave their lives on the battlefields of France and 
Flanders, whose memories will live always at Kelly Field. 
San Antonio with its delightful winter climate, with its 
splendid luodern hotels, its picturesque urban beauty, will 
always welcome back the men of the flying service and 
their families. 

San Antonio is one of the most interesting cities in 
America and has a distinctive Latin-American atmosphere 
and a picturesque urban beauty all its own. For years 
it has been, in the winter, the mecca for visitors from the 
frozen North who have enjoyed delightful days of sunshine, 
golfing and molnring. hunting, fishing and on the polo 

San Antonio has also luany splendid modern hotels 
and all of the conveniences and accommodations that go 
with a modern American city. It is within 150 miles of 
the Gulf, with its wonderful tarpon fishing and duck hunt- 
in,g and has in Lake Medina, thirty-one miles away, the 
greatest fresh water fishing in America, and also splendid 
duck hunting. 

In its Counliy Club and Municipal Golf Links San 
Antonio boasts of two of the best eighteenhole golf links 
in the South, with tennis courts, swimming pools, etc. The 
cordial hospitality of the Old South blended with the rest- 
less energy and activity of the new West combine to make 
San Antonio a wonderful and interesting city. 


FiioTo HV Aerial I'iioto Hri. Flving Dep't. 

Over the Alamo aad San Autoiiio 

The Sunken (iardens at Hrackenriilde Park 
(The seat of part of our training) 


A iew huudred teet above Houstou Street 

Photos by Af.rial Hut, Flyinc Dep't. 

•lust above (lie hiHtorir AlaiiKt 


skimming the house tops 

Photos by Aerial Hut. Flying Dep't. 

A close-up of a section of the resideutial district 




a /i 

















Ubl □ 


JUI □ 





S33a lieTSffi OlJ'ssasXiJi 


19 17-1918 

Kiitraiice to Kelly Field — (There is no exit) 


Greatest Mother 


tRe World 


""^TuT'^- TSiM^^ 



K i: I. I. Y F I I<: L D 

The tale of a whirlwind growth from a Texan cotton field to one of the 

world's {greatest Aviation Centers 

When one thinks of Kelly one thinks of the U. S. Air Service in all its various and difficult stages of develop- 
ment, for the two are synonymous. From its institution to its present stage of development Kelly Field has typified 
all that this important branch of our fighting forces now means. Well may it be called the Father of Aviation Fields, for 
although flying schools have been established throughout the length and breadth of the continental United States in' the 
past two years, none of them have had so romantic and thrilling a history as Kelly. 

To the casual observer, standing today upon some liigh point and glancing over this mammoth expanse of territory, 
not the remotest idea is given of the marvelous transition which has taken place within the past two years. He sees before 

him now Kelly Field, a 
veritable city, humming with 
industry. Hundreds of red 
roofed buildings of various 
type and design spread out 
before him. arranged in sym 
metrical rows and blocks, 
while macadamized roads, 
crowded with all types of 
vehicles from huge .\rmy 
trucks to powerful pleasure 
cars wind their way here and 
there across the wide expanse. 
Smoke, pouring forth from all 
the tall smokestacks of num 
erous factories and shops, 
spreads out and vanishes in 
the misty air above, and this 
very air itself is traversed in 
its limitless dimensions by 
seemingly numberless air- 
planes which dart here and 
there, some landing while 
others rise as it from the 
cauldron of some genii to take 
their places. Seemingly such 
a great industrial organiza 
tion could only be accomplish- 
ed through many years of 
careful plotting and gradual 
expansion. But truly Kelly 
Field is a magical city. Less 
than two short years ago this 

I.ieuhnanl G. E M. KELLY 
after whom Field is named 

stretch of land whereon the 
Field lies was barren — only a 
few scraggly cotton-fields 
breaking the apparently inter- 
minable stretch of mesquite- 
aud cactus-covered prairie. 
But with the rolling up of the 
war clouds along the horizon, 
the great value of this strip 
of land as an aviation field 
was seen and the genius of 
America was called upon to 
quickly produce here in real- 
ity what at that time only 
existed in the dreams of our 
Army organizers. And to 
what extent American genius 
responded is evidenced by the 
results that stand today. 
Kelly Fielu, the largest and 
most efficient Aviation Flying 
Field in the United States, is 
a glowing memorial to the 
pioneers who dared not only 
to scheme and to plan, but to 
put these schemes and plans 
into execution. The story of 
its development is romantic 
and reads like a novel. 

It was on April 9th. 1917. 
that four airplanes arose from 
the hangars at the old Re- 
mount Station (at present 

Camp Travis), and after flying across the City, alighted on what is now Kelly Field. Their pilots were men well known in 
early Aviation circles, namely: "Eddie Stinson." a civilian instructor and a brother of Katharine Stinson. the world- 
famous aviatrix: Capt. Davidson; Capt McDonald: Capt. Spotts: Lieut. Bagnell, and one other man whose name is not 
recalled. They made their landing in a cotton-field, an oasis amid a boundless stretch of waste covered by the prickley- 
pear cactus and mesquite. Tent hangars had been hurriedly erected there previously and in these the machines were 
stored for the night, while the men themselves made their beds upon the ground by the sides of their machines. This was 
the initial trip of airplanes to Kelly Field, but the actual formal establishment of the Field did not occur until May 7. 
when seven hundred men arrived. One week later, however, there were four thousand men on the Field. This was just 
a little over a week after the United States had taken her formal and memorable stand against the Hun and what he 
represented. Men came in at a rapid rate, and soon Major Dodd. of the Aeronautical Office in Washington, arrived to take 
charge of the definite organization of the Field. The contract for its construction was granted to Stone and Webster and 
with lightning-like rapidity the ground was cleared and almost as quickly as the cotton and mesquite disappeared there 
arose in their stead scores of buildings— hangars, barracks, mess halls. Officers' quarters, warehouses, machine shops and all 
the necessary adjuncts of a first-class Flying Field. 

The middle of October saw the Field crowded to its capacity and almost before it was realized by even those who had 
it in charge, it had dwarfed all former expectations and had become what they had hardly dared dream— the largest and 
best Flying School in the world. Even then its expansion did not stop, for as America's eyes became more and more widely 
opened to the task she had before her, the great importance of the Air Service was recognized as never before, and the 


builders at Kelly were taxed to the utmost to provide accommodations for the rapidly increasing number of men And 
until the sisning of the Armistice, when the first rays of a victorious peace burst through the grim clouds of war thi<= 
never-ending stream of men continued to pour into the Field. Many passed on through the School and were transferred 
to still more specialized branches of training elsewhere, but many also remained at Kelly, and in the short space of time that 
has elapsed since the Air Service began its expansion, many departments have come to be recognized as absolutely 
essential which were entirely unknown and undeveloped in the early days of flying. 

„v.n, ,'r^he expression "This man's army," so often heard and so often used in jest is no more truly vindicated and 
exemplified in any branch of the Service than in the Flying School, for the Air Service is a Man's Army in every respect 
and It demands and exacts a man's work from practically every one of its personnel. Kelly Field is a tvpical example 
of this. There are no drones here. Every man in the Field is a specialist in his line-trained in mind and bodv to 
perform tasks requiring unusual skill and accuracy. They are quick, active and alert, and take to their tasks with as 
much interest and pride as if their own and for their own benefit. Each and every man has his own work to do and 
probably in no other branch of the Service is one permitted to so assert his individuality as in the Air Service. Likewise 
his skill and his knowledge are laid bare by his own handiwork and he must prove himself or be quickly dispensed with 
The personnel of Kelly Field is largely men of brain as well as men of brawn. Drawn from the walks of life where 
superior intelligence and personality mean everything, they constitute a huge machine, and from the intelligent 
conceptions of their fertile mentalities to the actual accomplishment and realization of their plans by the skillful ap- 
plication of their nimble lingers, they represent a marvel of engineering efficiency not to be equalled in any other quarter 
of the globe. 

Very little information regarding the wonderful extent of the organization at Kelly Field has reached the outside 
world, but its woi:derful efficiency as a Flying School attests the success of the methods in operation. Every man 
arriving at the Field is "trade-tested" by a board of experts maintained for this sole purpose. Examinations in fifty- 
three different trades are given by this board— experts in this number of vocations being required for the operation of 
the Air Service in its present stage of development. Each man as he takes his "trade-test" is classified regarding his 
degree of proficiency in any of these fifty-three trades with which he may be familiar. Card records of each man's 
"trade-test" are maintained and it is only the work of a few minutes for Headquarters to obtain a detachment of men 
tor any particular line of work. Some of these vocational tests appear silly and useless upon the surface, as a man's 
ability as a musician or comedian apparently has very little to do with his value to the Air Service. But men of this type 
are formed into units which provide amusement for those otherwise engaged, and thus play a valuable part in keeping up 
the morale of the Field, a vital necessity where proficient and highly specialized work is demanded. 

Nor is Kelly Field of inconsiderable importance in the general scheme of Aeronautical development, for since its 
earliest conception it has been rated as a veritable "clearing house" for the other flying fields of the United States. Detach- 
ments are made up here for all other fields, and as fast as requisitions are received for men in certain lines of work, they 
are quickly filled from the ranks of the skilled specialists here awaiting assignment. 

Kelly Field has always been a primary field. That is, it is the first field through which the Cadet passes when he 
leaves Ground School. And for this very reason, if for no other, it is of paramount importance. It is at the primary 
field that he is made or broken, for here he receives his first actual training as a flier. If his work in the primary 
field is well done he becomes that much more proficient in the higher periods of his training, such as pursuit, bombing 
and observation. And with this in mind it is readily seen that his primary training cannot be underestimated. When the 
Cadet arrives at Kelly from Ground School he is of course raw and unexperienced as a flier and his first experience in the 
air is on the dual stage, where he flies with an instructor, who teaches him the correct methods of handling a ship and later 
allows him to fly the plane himself, complimenting or criticizing as the case may warrant. From this stage he passes to 
the primary stage, where he receives his first experience at handling a ship alone, his maneuvering being watched from the 
ground and all points checked up either for or against him. It is on this stage that he first attains the self-confidence 
necessary to the successful piloting of a ship. It is here that he also first learns to execute successfully the spirals and 
figure eights and the correct methods of landing and "taking off." After he has mastered this work he is transferred 
to the cross-country stage, where he is trained in map-making, observation, sense of direction, navigation, etc. Next in 
order come the acrobatic stage and the formation stage, the former dealing with trick flying exclusively. This is extremely 
hazardous, but nevertheless must be undertaken and mastered before a prospective bird-man can hope to victoriously com- 
bat the wily Hun. Formation flying is also of the utmost importance, for in the ability to maintain these battle formations 
under stress sometimes may rest the success or failure of a raid or the beating off of sudden attack. Then, after some 
special instruction in radio telegraphy and signalling from ships in flight, the student receives his R. M. A. (Reserve 
Military Aviator) Commission, and is assigned to another more advanced field. 

Kelly Field was named, after the prevailing custom, for one of America's pioneer flyers. Lieut. G. E. M. Kelly, 30th 
Infantry, U. S. A., who lost his life May 10th. 1911, just above the present Kelly Field when making a landing to avoid 
running into a tent filled with women and children. 

a f^nrtr yt n 

Post Headquarters 

LO — 

W/ E KELLY FIELDERS take this means of expressing our heartfelt thanks to the valiant workers 
' * of the Red (>ross, ^ . M. C. A., Knights of Coluinbiis, Jewish Welfare Hoard, American Library 
Association, Hostess House, (Community House, ( )rder of Masons and all others whose untiring efforts 
in spreading good cheer made our labors in this field a pleasure-hunt. In future years, when our minds 
wander back to the earnest efforts of all to render service to our country, the work of the above organiza- 
tions and other friends will linger in our memory with a fragrance as refreshing as the rose. — THE \M)\ S 

I- ■ JMIH H ^ : !2S?V^fti'*i* 







HORTLY after troops began to arrive in Kelly Field 
in the Spring of 1917 (then Camp Kelly), the Army 
Young Men's Christian Association established itself 
in their midst and was assigned a strategic site in the 
center of the long line of barracks to be built along the 
Frio City Road. On this site "Y" Building N'o. 3. the third 
to be authorized in the Southern Department, was com- 
pleted in June and immediately became the club center for 
the several thousand new soldiers in the field. 

From June until October all of the Y. M. C. A. activities 
were centered around Building No. 3 but when the lower 
fieid filled up with troops two large tents were pitched by 
the Y. M. C. A. and then the three centers provided the 
boys with all comforts until February, often as many as 
8,000 men per day being accommodated in building No. 3 
and .5.000 per day in each of the big tents. When Kelly 
Field No. 2 was opened, Y. M. C. A. building No. 72 was 
completed in that field and has bren a popular club home 
for the men of the flying field since that time. 

A total of twelve different centers has been maintained 
by the \'. M, C. A. on the two Kelly Fields. The largest num- 
ber of secretaries serving at any one time was sixty-two. 
but over two hundred different men have served on the 
Kelly Field Y. M. C, A. staff since the beginning of its work. 
Among these men have been prominent ministers, bankers, 
educators, legislators, lawyers, physicians, accountants, 
farmers, editors, musical directors and a few trained Y. M. 
C, A. secretaries and physical directors. Mr. J, Z. Neb- 
bergall_ formerly one of the Secretaries of the Minneapolis 
Y. M, C. A, has served as Camp Secretary from, the begin- 
ning, having complete charge of the direction of the Y, M. 
C. A. activities. 

Since the first building was opened in June, 1917, the 
total attendance of soldiers at Y. M. C. A. centers on both 
Kelly Fields has been 3,858.917; a total of 3,421.276 pieces 
of mail matter have been mailed in Y. M. C. A. buildings; 
$128,998.35 worth of postage stamps have been sold and 
money orders amounting to $121,114.48 have been purchased 
by the soldiers. 1509 Religious meetings have been held 
with an attendance of 265,139. Bible classes have been 
popular with 1061 Bible class sessions and an attendance 
of 26,603. Copies of the New Testament have been given to 
men who have desired them for personal use and 47,483 men 
have asked for and received a copy of the New Testament. 
The supreme decision to "accept Christ as Master of ones 
life" has been made by ' 3,638 soldiers. 23,495 visits have 
been made to men in hospitals and numerous errands and 
other bits of service done for them. 1476 entertainments, 
including motion pictures twice each week in each building, 
musical and dramatic entertainment provided by talent 
from cities and by the Kelly Field Entertainment Unit, 
Band, Glee Club and Orchestra, and many individual 
soldiers, have been given with a total attendance of 655,783. 
255 educational lectures on subjects pertaining to the war 
and America's part In it or designed to help the men to be 
fit soldiers and fit citizens have been given to an aggregate 
audience of 77,310 men. Educational classes have been very 
liopular. A total of 4,467 class sessions have been held 

with a total attendance of 70,722. The subjects pursued have 
been such as Gas Engines. Radio and Wireless, map making, 
semophore, Army Paper Work, First Aid. Homing Pigeons, 
Fiench. Italian. Spanish, English, Mathematics, Bookkeep- 
ing, Stenography, Current Events, etc, 

250.619 pieces of reading matter have been distributed 
and 106,182 books, provided by the American Library As 
sociation in splendid co-operation, have been drawn from 
Y. M. C. A. shelves. Athletics have been most popular with 
a total participation of 1,093.175, mostly in informal games 
and sports promoted by Y. M. C. A. secretaries in the early 
evening during the liesure time of the soldiers. 

Y. M. C. A. No. 72 was first opened for business on 
November 8th. 1917. At its dedication, on November 13th, 
J. Z. Nebbergall, camp general secretary, presented the 
building, and Major (now Lieut. Col.) H. B. Clagett ac- 
cepted it on the part of the government. The address was 
made by Frank E. McGuire, now in Porto Rico. The Kelly 
Field Band played on that occasion, but the first entertain- 
ment in the building was given by the Shriners" Band of a 
nearby city. The staff at the opening consisted of C. A. 
Hall, at present building Secretary of "Y" No. 204, Kelly 
Field, and E. B. Paisley, Stanton Smith and H. B. 
Fagan, all of whom are now in the U. S. Army. 

0:?° event of importance in the history of the building 
v-iis the tire which occurred early on the morning of Feb- 
ruary 21, 1918. Only the efficient work of the Field Fire 
Department, and the strenuous exertions of the squadrons 
quartered nearby, who worked to save "their home," as they 
called it, prevented the frame structure from being totally 
destroyed. As it was, the building was doing business by 
noon the same day, and the repairs which were made ren- 
dered it one of the best finished and coolest of the "Y" 
buildings in the Southern Department. 

Building No. 72 has served the whole Flying Depart- 
irent and has been open every day since its completion. In 
Ihirteen months the attendance has totaled over 440,000 
men; more than 2,100,000 sheets of stationery have been 
used; .$14,000 worth of stamps have been sold; and $41,000 
worth of money-orders issued. Total attendance at public 
meetings and entertainments has been 112,000, Miss 
.Margaret Wilson. Dr. S. D. Gordon. Gypsy Smith, Dr. Ira 
Landrith, and Mrs. Maurine Dyer-Willbanks are among the 
numerous speakers and entertainers. More than 14,000 
books have been Issued; 12,000 men have attended educa- 
tional classes; and over 50,000 have taken part in athletic 
ictivities. Many Bible classes have been conducted, one of 
them running for nearly a year with hardly a single break. 
An unusual feature of the educational work has been a 
kindergarten for officers' children held for some months 
in one of the rooms of the building. 

The present staff of the Flying Departmen's "Y" con- 
sists of: W. N. Wysham, building secretary; E. M. High- 
smith, educational director; L. E. McKee, social secretary; 
W. L. Patterson, business secretary; and H. M. Manning, 
athletic director. Chaplains W. L. Hamrick and H. E. 
Waggoner also make their headquarters in the building. 




ARLY in March. 1!)1S. the Red Crc££. thanks to the cooperation of the military authorities, erected an office and 

Ajirehouse adjoining the Main Hospital at Kelly Field Xo. 1. from which supplies were distributed to the enlisted 

men of the camp. In June we erected and furnished quarters for, twenty-two nurses. Three cars and a truck 

were purchased and turned over to the hospital authorities and have been in continuous use for the past year, 

bciiiy put to every possible service. 

During the influenza epidemic it was our privilege to furnish any and all medical supplies or any necessities which 
were not promptly procurable through military channels, tiiat added to the comfort and care of patients. From our ware 
house we have distributed during the past year 40,000 sweaters, 800 blankets. 12.0C0 hand basins, helmets, sheets, pillow 
cases, face masks, flannel chest protectors, towels, comfort kits, drugs, surgical instruments, chemicals, ice and hot water bag 
covers, hot water bags, ice caps, operating gowns, gloves, handkerchiefs, mosquito netting, paper napkins, pneumonia 
jackets, tooth brushes and tooth paste, urinals and wash cloths. 

We have tried to rivet the connecting link between the soldier and his home in every possible way. rendering all 
possible assistance to his family, such as the best of medical care, financial aid when checks for allotments and allow- 
ances failed to reach them, furnish at any time information regarding a soldier's family, or in turn advise them of his 
whereabouts and condition. When illness or death at home necessitated the return of a man and he was without funds, 
after a prompt investigation by wire as to the need for his return, hs was provided with funds to make the trip. Letter 
writing between the soldier and his family, with the co-operation of the Home Service Section of that particular com- 
munity, has greatly relieved the anxiety of both the ones at home and the man in the Field. In many ways we have ren- 
dered prompt investigations and verified statements for the Army officials, this last, of course, being strictly confidential. 

We have tried to place in the hands of every man about to be discharged, a little booklet entitled "When You Get 
Home." advising him to immediately consult with the Home Service Section of The American Red Cross in his com- 
munity, where he will receive the best advice on any of the following subjects: Allotments, insurance, compensation. Civil 
Riahts bill, mortgages, loans overdue, back taxes, and also uelp him secure a position. 

It has been our pleasure and privilege to work with the military authorities at all times and our work will b-.; 
carried on with the same zeal and thoroughness until the last man is home. 


Wheu the Nation's Greatest Aviation Field was in its prime and the "Boys iu Khaki," 
respoudiuii to "Kverybody Welcome" sign 

[rTTTlHEX the importance of Kelly Field as an aviatir.n 
\\ki\ station became manifest the Knights of Columbus 
War Activities, realizing the necessity of recreational 
buildings and amusement facilities, immediately began the 
task of constructing halls and providing facilities which 
V. ould offer to the soldiers clean, comfortable shelter where- 
in to gather and enjoy themselves. 

Large buildings were erected and equipped in "jig 
time." and soon the halls were filled to capacity with 
soldiers partaking of the hospitality of the K. C. Secretaries. 
Player pianos, victrnlas. pcol tables and games of all kinds 
are in the halls and their value is best attested to by the 
brave and noble men for whose benefit they are provided. 
Through the American Library Association and various 
other agencies complete and up to-date libaries are main- 
tained. The books, magazines and newspapers represent 
almost every publication issued in this country and the 
soldier looking for his "home town" paper nearly always 
finds it in the assortment. 

Identified with the initial accomplishments of the 
Knights of Columbus War Activities on Kelly Field is 
Father F. D. Coupal. a Knights of Columbus chaplain, who 
in March. 1918, accompanied an aerial squadron to France, 
l! was Father Coupal who fathered the Kelly Field 
Orchestra in its infancy and co-operating with other noted 
musical leaders raised it to that prominence it now enjoys. 

.lay Elmer Fox. a former general secretary of the K. C. 
War Activities on this field, now Divisional Supervisor of 
the Central Southern Department, is another worker who 
helped lay the foundation on which the war recreational 
service was built. The result of his efforts is evident in 

the success of every hall in Kelly Field, as much of the 
system and many of the facilities were developed under his 
able supervision. As Kelly Field grew in importance in 
the military machine of this nation, so did the Knights of 
Columbus War Activities within its boundaries grow, and 
here the organization established its headquarters of the 
Southern Department. 

At the close of the war H. G. Hertich was general 
secretary of Kelly Field, four buildings were open to the 
soldiers and the secretarial staff was composed of fifteen 
ernest workers. Julien P. Blitz, noted cellist and leader of 
the San Antonio Symphony Orchestra, being included in the 

The Knights of Columbus buildings are open at all 
times and the "Everybody Welcome" sign is symbolic of 
the hospitality which reigns within. No distinction is 
shown and soldiers of all creeds frequent the halls. 
Oratories for the celebration of mass are a part of every 
building, being so constructed that they are only visible 
when used for services. A chaplain is present in every 
hall, and aside from acting in a religious capacity assists 
in ecucaticnal work and in arranging entertainments. 

That the wonderful work of this organization has not 
ceased with the last roar of the cannon is shown in the 
plans for the conduct of an educational program in the 
cimps. contonments and naval stations. These activities 
will give the soldier an opportunity to equip himself with 
either industrial, or mechanical vocations. A survey, for 
the purpose of determinin.s to what extent the work can be 
carried on in the various catnps, is now being made by the 
Knights of Columbus War Activities. 


mX SEPTEMBER, 1917. the Jewish Welfare Board as- 
signed Dr. G. H. Loewenstein of Cincinnati, Ohio, as 
its first official representative in San Antonio and 
ilie military camps adjacent thereto. The local organization 
of the Jewish people affiliated itself with the Jewisti Wel- 
fare Board, becoming the local branch of that organization 
with the purpose of providing recreation and entertainment 
for the soldiers, irrespective of creed or race. Club rooms 
were opened in the basement of the Gunter building and 
nave continued ever since as the center of activities in the 
district. The officers of tlie Branch are: Morris Stern 
Chairman, J. Karotliin. Vice-Chairman, and Leon A. Baer. 
Secretary and Treasurer. 

William Messtr of New York City came to the district 
in March. 191S. devoting his attention to the men at Kelly 
and Broolts Field. He made his headquarters at the K, of C. 
Building at Kelly No. 1 and the little balcony of this 
building, which included his office and sleeping quarters, 
soon became a gathering place for the men of the Field. 
Religious services were organized by Mr. Messer at his 
headquarters and conducted by Rabbi Loewenstein until 
his departure. With the arrival of .Mr. Bernard J. Stern 
jI Chicago. 111., services in camp were resumed and held in 
■he J. W. B. building at Kelly No. 1. 

Melville Marx of New York arrived in April and es- 
tablished headquarters at Kelly No. 2 shortly thereafter. 
The very large number of men at the camp made it essential 
■hat a building be erected at the earliest possible moment 

and since the lower Field contained the largest number of 
men the Jewish Welfare Building was erected at that place 
en the Frio Road in .\ugust. 1918. Julius B. Gluck who had 
been stationed at Camp Bowie for some montlis arrived at 
the time the building was opened to take charge of activi- 
ties in this district. His health failed him, however, and 
he returned to Fort Worth In October. B. J. Stern became 
affiliated with the Staff in August and in November took 
direct charge of the work on the Field. 

Through the local branch, social entertainments were 
made a feature of tlie Jewish Welfare Board activities at 
the various welfare centers in Kelly Field and entertain- 
ments were also provided for the men who came to the city 
from camp. 

The Jewish Welfare Board in the early part of No- 
vember placed Mr. George W. Rabinoff of Hartford, Conn., 
in charge of its local district which included Kelly Field 
No. 1 and No. 2. at the same time assigning to these camps 
Joseph H. Mellen of Baltimore. Md., and Robert A. Hess of 
Milwaukee, Wis. In December, Louis Isbitz of Syracuse, 
New York, and Henry A. Strauss of Los Angeles came to 
the field, and carried on the work of the Board during the 
period of preparation for the demobilization. The Building 
with its home-like atmosphere, and its comfortable furnish- 
ings continued to prove an attraction to the men until the 
end. The religious services, the entertainments, and the 
personal contacts were maintained, while every effort was 
made to help the men in preparation tor their return to 
civil life. 


Wcmens Christian Association of America built and 
equipped the Hostess House, ready to open about the 
first of November, 1917. The great need of a place for 
women to meet the men they want to see; find rest and re- 
freshment: where the anxious mother can be given comfort 
and encouragement; and where the soldier himself can find 
a comfortable chair by the fire, a quiet nook to read or 
write, a woman's welcome from the hostesses when he has 
no guest of his own; all these factors enter into the great 
idea of what the Hostess House stands for, the bit of home, 
and every boy finds a different word to express his ap- 
preciation of the service it renders. It is also an infor- 
mation burea\i where answers are given to the most varied 
.ind sur|)rising number of questions. 

The following staff members opened the house: Miss 
Lucy Moore, director: Miss Hettie Wood, hostess: Miss 
Miliier, cafeteria director; Miss Nielens. business secretary. 
On February. 1918. Mrs. Cora R. Sivyer of Milwaukee, the 
present director, was appointed. .Mrs. L. T. Reed began her 
work as associate hostess at that time and Miss Wood con- 
tinued her work until fall. Mrs. .Mildred Z. Bale was busi- 
ness secretary from February until October, followed by the 
present secretary Miss Alice Floyd of Kansas. Mrs. Grace 
Clement and Miss Grace Swope have served as cafeteria 
directors and at present Miss Juanita Maxson is filling that 

Before the officers' mess was built, during the months 
of December and January, last year, 24,644 meals were 
served to the officers, civilians, and enlisted men in the 
Hostess House. 

On May 25th. Red Cross Day at Kelly Field, it was 
estimated that about 15,000 people sought refreshments and 

rest in the Hostess House. Military assistance enabled the 
staff to serve as long as food and soft drinks lasted. 

June 18th marks the organization of the Kelly Field 
Glee Club, by David Griffin. Post Song Leader, and Walter 
Dunham, accompanist, two very capable men from Phila- 
delphia. The club adopted the Hostess House as its official 
lieadquarters. and has given many very enjoyable concerts 
to large and appreciative audiences. The Hostess House 
has been very proud of its "foster child" and has called up- 
on it many times to assist in programs and entertainments 
for special occasions. 

During the hot summer months, the Hostess House, 
with its drawn shades to exclude the glare of the sun. its 
many electric fans, cool refreshments, and Ice-cold 
"bubbler." attracted many weary and warm visitors, and 
soldiers who had time to stop long enough were refreshed. 
The approximate number of guests during any one month 
was 7.800 and 6.530 served in the cafeteria. At that time 
about two hundred of the number sought assistance or 

As the Christmas Season drew near, many of the boys 
offered to assist in decorating the House and trimming the 
Christmas trees. Happy evenings were spent in making 
V. reaths and festoons, popping and stringing corn for the 
trees. The cold weather prevented an out-door Christmas 
program and the hostess House was made the center of 
"Christmas Cheer." The orchestra contributed several 
bright and varied numbers and the Glee Club, after singing 
for the patients in the Main Hospital, gathered around the 
Christmas tree and sang old traditional Christmas carols. 
Refreshments of chocolate, cakes, and candy were served 
to all and when the last Season's Greetings were exchanged 
we felt that the final blessing on a busy and happy year 
had been received. 



HE KELLY FIELD LIBRARY under the management 
and support of the American Library Association 
stands out as one of the foremost in the country be- 
lause of the personnel of the Field and of the use of the 
Library as a school for study and as a recreational center. 
In proportion to the population of the field, the percentage 
of reading has been greater than that in other camps. 

Service began through small collections of books housed 
in the Y. M. C. A., K. of C. and Jewish Welfare Board 
Buildings. In March. 1918. temporary quarters for the 
Library were located in the Post Signal Office. This was 
durinj; the period of construction of the Libary building. 
Located in a most advantageous position on Headquarters 
Road, southeast of the Post Office and opposite the Main 
Hospital, the building attracts many men. In construction, 
it is a consolidation of the best found in other Camp 
Library buildings with the elimination of non-essential 
features. Two screened porches at the front provide for 
outdoor reading during the hot weather, while indoors 
electric fans make the building one of the coolest on the 

The entire collection, about 30.000 volumes, was ac- 
quired through gifts from the public and through pur- 
chases from funds donated to the American Library Asso- 
ciation. Since the armistice was signed special emphasis 
in book buying has been laid on vocational material, the 
principle being that of providing books for the men who 
wished to prepare to re-enter civil life at their former oc- 
cupations and for men who wished to enter new fields. 

The work of preparing the books for use, putting them 
ihrough the necessary technical processes has been handled 
by a staff of two trained Librarians assigned to this Field 
by the American Library Association and three enlisted 
men detailed to the Library by the Commanding Officer. 

Harold T. Dougherty was the Librarian in Charge during 
the construction period and for some months thereafter. 
Dewey C. Wayne was Acting Librarian during September. 
1918. and Assistant Librarian from October to the present 
lime. Nathan R. Levin was assigned as Librarian in 
October and has been in charge to date. 

A special feature of the work at this Field is the de- 
livery of books by automobile to outlying barracks in Kelly 
Field No. 2 twice a week, several hundred books bein^; 
taken and distributed from the Library auto. This feature 
of the work has attracted wide publicity among the 
Librarians of the country. 

During the war period ending with the signing of the 
armistice the main classes of books used were military 
science, aeronautics, and general technology. Peculiarly 
the men on Kelly Field are attracted by various authors 
on Psychology, especially those of an inspirational nature. 
The percentage of fiction reading is much lower here than 
in civil communities of the same population. The total 
circulation from April through December. 1918, was 97,500 
volumes, about SO'/ being non-fiction. The banner month 
was in April when there were nearly 40.000 men on the 
Field. Since October an average of a book a man has been 

It is perhaps not unfair to say that the Library has 
become a big factor in the Welfare Service of this Field. 
This was especially noticeable during the two quarantines 
in October and November when more than 2.000 books were 
used in the hospitals alone while 15.000 books were read by 
men who were forced to forego the pleasures of the city. 

To the citizens of the near-by communities and to the 
Commanding Officers of Kelly Field special thanks are due 
and if any one on the Field or who has left the Field is 
especially grateful to Kelly Field Library for any service 
rendered him. he must not forget that back of the organ- 
ized Library Service stood the civil and military population 
of the country. 

Scrgi. H. L. COLFMAN. 
Amiisemenl Director 


Hoitst' Dirfclor 


"This building was put up by the citizens of San Anionic 
for the use of men in military service as an expression of 
appreciation for the services they are rendering our country. 
It is hoped that here may be formed many pkasant and 
lasting friendships." 

That the citizens were sincere in the dedication of the 
Community House is proved by the si]lendid equipment 
they have provided and by the hospitality they extend. 
The men in uniform are welcomed to their own home where 

they may meet pleasant people socially, may keep in touch 
with home folks by making use of the writing rooms and 
supplies, or may find a quiet corner with a favorite book. 

The Community House, through its various social and 
entertainment features has proved to the men that the War 
Camp Community Service of which it is a part was in 
earnest when it put out the campaign slogan. "Keep 'em 

Meetinii of National W. C. C. S. M'orkers at 
Coinniuuity House, Feb. 1919. 


South San Antouio War Gamp Community Service Home — Mrs. A. Shaud, Director 

HE seven woiuki:^ of the world have Ions held a place 

by themselves, but as in a great many other ways. 

the War just ended has brought forth another and 

even greater one that will be handed down from generation 
to generation by all the men of Kelly Field as holding the 
brightest spot in their memory. 

This newly arisen wonder is The Soldiers' Country 
Club, situated just out.side the Field, in South San Antonio. 
When the men began to arrive in large numbers and when 
off duty found the time "heavily on their hands." there 
suddenly arose, as from the rubbing of Aladin's Lamp, a 
little home where they could go to write their letters, meet 
their friends and spend a pleasant evening. 

At first it was only an experiment — this turning of a 
large Real Estate Land Office into a meeting place for the 
soldiers — and the War Camp Community Service was a bit 
doubtful of its success. But a mind was found' that thought 
different and into the midst of Uncle Sam's Khaki Clad men 
came Mrs. A. Shand. 

To her belongs the credit of making the Soldiers' 
Country Club a success and every man leaving Kelly Field 
will cherish a lasting memory of the place he could call 
home whenever he entered its doors. By hard work on the 
part of its Hostess and her sister Miss Blaschke. this Club, 

which started in July. 1918. has gradually had improvements 
added until now it is all that could be desired. 

A large giassedin veranda capable of being used as a 
dance room, extends across the front of the building. At 
one end is a large fire-place around which the boys gather 
every night to read, smoke and swap news. Large easy 
chairs, writing table.-, shad'td lights, a victrola and piano 
make it near home. .lust off the veranda is a large ronni 
where the boys can .get coffee, sandwiches, pie and dough- 
nuts. Off from one side of this room is another little room 
for private parties and directly acrcss is a pool table that 
is always in use. 

One of the particular and most noticeable features of 
this Club is that there are no doors except the front ones 
and they are always open. 

This Club had the distinction not long ago of enter- 
taining at a luncheon the Delegates to the first War Camp 
Community Service (Convention ever held in the United 
States and as usual they left with the sense of having had 
one of those times nct-to-be-forgotten. 

Now that the boys are coming back from oversea.'? 
the Club has arranged to have frequent entertainments 
for convalescent soldiers in the Main Hospital. 

The word "Formality" has been taken out of the Club's 
Dictionary and' the motto reads— "A FIREPLACE A 

The Inforinuliuu Biin-au uf the War Camp Cuniiiiuiiity Si-rvicc 

This department of the War Camp Community Ser- 
vice has been of inestimable value to the men in uniform. 
The main office, situated in Alamo Plaza before the 
historic Alamo, is under the direct supervision of Miss 
Edith Foster with the Misses Ilum.mell as her able as- 
sistants. From this office the officer, enlisted man, and 
civilian is furnished information regarding furnished 
rooms, aparlments. or houses, gratis. Investigation is 
carefully made before an apartment is listed. 

Information regarding trains, street cars. I he dif 
ferent camps; in fact information of all kinds is given 
tor the asking. At each of the stations is a booth with a 
ccmpetent person in charge who will arrange accom- 
modations for those leaving or arriving. Every train, 
going or coming, is met by some member of this service 
who gladly extends all the help and courtesy possible. 

Glirlstlaii Science War Relief Work 
at Kelly Field 



SHORT TIME after Kelly Field began lo receive 
troops in 1917 the Christian Scientists of Sau 
Antonio opened a spacious and attractive Reading 
and Rest Room in the City for the soldiers. Later in 1917 
the Board of Directors of The First Church of Christ, 


Scientist, in Bosston. organized the Cliristian Science War 
Kflief work in all tlie Army camps and Xaval stations in 
I his country and abroad, and placed .Mr. Paul A. Harsch in 
charge as chairman, and .Mr. .\rthur J. Wallace as his as- 
sistant. Mr. Fred W. Indermille. of Dallas, was made chair- 
man for Te.vas. and a local committee consisting of Judge 
William M. Pardue. Mr. Ira. L. Rupley and Mrs. Lee A. 
Strohm were placed in charge of the work in all the Army 
camp.= near San Antonio. Mr. Earl McCloud. then connected 
with the San Antonio Light, and First Reader of the local 
church, was assigned to duty as War Relief Worker at Kelly 
Field, serving until May. 1918. when he was transferred for 
duty to .Mineola. Long Island. Judge Pardue was appointed 
to take Mr, McCloud's place at Kelly Field, and Mr. H. N. 
Timolat succeeded him as chairman of the local committee. 
Messrs. Louis A. Gregory and Lloyd Whitney, of Lincoln. 
.\eb , liobL. A. Wood, of Hou-ton, and Harry K. Filler, of 
Youngslown, Ohio, (since appointed Chaplain in the Army 
and now in the service with the overseas forces), have also 
done Christian Science War Relief work at Kelly Field. 

Permission was obtained from both General Holbrook. 
Commandtr of the Southfrn Department, and from Colonel 
Quackenbush. Commander of Kelly Field, to build a 
Christian Science Welfare building on Kelly Field, and a 
site was designated for that purpose, but an order by the 
Secretary of War issued prohibiting any other civilian 
buildings in Army camps prevented the carrying out of 
tlii.-5 plan. While the Christian Scientists could not have a 
welfare buildin.g. their workers were shown every kindness 
and courtesy not only by the officers and men of the Army, 
but by the Y. JI. C. A. secretaries and all the other workcL-s 
on Kiily Field, and a fine spirit of cooperation was evi- 
denced on all sides. The worker has had quarters at 
Y. M. C. \. Hut No. 151 since last October. 

Christian Science services have been held regularly on 
Sunday at both Kelly Fields in Y. M. C. A Huts and at the 
iieadcjuarters of the A. S. M. S. and the Cadet Wing School 
building. A Reading Room was also maintained in the last 
named building, where all authorized Christian Science 
literature was provided for the use of the officers and men. 
This literature is also furnished the A. L. A. 

The War Relief work of the Christian Scientists at 
Kelly Field has consisted in ministering to the spiritual 
and physical need.s cf the men. and has been much ap- 
preciated by them. Through the local and National 
Christian Science Comforts Forwarding Committee many 
knitted garments were furnished, as well as bath robes for 
patients in the hospital. Through committees in the various 
cities and towns throughout the country the workers were 
able to adjust many problems for the beys and their familie.=^ 
which were left unsolved at home, and thus aided in a large 
way to maintain the morale of the Army. 

Until some time after the signing of the armistice more 
than forty thousand copies of The Christian Science Monitor 
— an International daily newspaper — were distributed free 
of charge every day in the Army camps in this country 
and abroad, and Kelly Field received a generous share of 

Every officer and enlisted man \vho was interested in 
Christian Science was presented with a copy of Science and 
Health with Key to the Scriptures, by Mary Baker Eddy, 
and also a copy of the St. James version of the Bible. 

The Christian Scientists did not receive money from. 
the various drives for War Relief funds, but contributed 
themselves over cne million and a half dollars tor War 
Relief work in the Army and Navy, and also for the relief 
of the people made destitute in the war stricken countries 
of Europe and Asia. 


MHE magical development of aviation deserves re- 
cognition as one cf the most remarkable achieve- 
ment? of the age. Automobiling. it is true, had also 
a rfmarkably rapid growth in popularity, once officially 
recognized as plausible, btit when the great cost of e.x- 
perimentation in aviation is considered, aside from the 
element of personal risk, the steady advancement from a 
flagc of delicate experiment to one of scientific accomplish- 
ment is indeed worthy of the \vorld's plaudits. 

Although private experimentation had been going oit 
along various lines of aeronautics for some years previous, 
no Government had ever regarded aviation as feasible or 
of any important military value until the LTnited States 
Signal Corps began making exhaustive tests and trials with 
heavier-than-air machines in the early part of the 20th 
century. Even at that time the United States Government 
was too skeptical to invest much money in the exploitation 
of this new branch of warfare, and confined its experimentn- 
'ion to the making of trial flights with civilian pilots. In 
Ihese early days flying was of course lar.gely a matter of 
conjecture. There were few fixed rules or stereotyped 
axioms as to the handling or behavior of an airplane under 
various conditions and natural stresses. Therefore, in 
(hese first feeble efforts at the conquering of the air. many 
men laid down their lives in vain efforts to prove their 
contentions or to learn more about the various tricks of 
air currents and the way in which to avoid them. 

Some of the attempted explanations and arguments 
pro and con concerning aviation which were published in 
these early days are interesting and show beyond doubt 
that the pilots of that time were giving serious thought to 
I he difficulties encountered and to methods of overcom- 
ing same. Claude Grahame-White. the pioneer British flyer 
wrote a book on aviation early in the year 1911 in which 
he made reference to "air pockets" and in which he ad- 
mitted that only exhaustive experimentation would solve 
the problems of flying. In this same volume lie cautioned 
pilots against taking unnecessary risks by submitting their 
machines to "undue strains." 

From 1911 to 1916 many fatalities occurred. The first 
member of the United States Army to lose his life in an 
airiilane accident was Lieutenant Thomas Selfridge. who 
was killed while flying with Orville Wright at Fort Meyer. 
Virginia. September 17th. 19C8. At this time America was 
taking her first steps in aviation. Had she continued her 
effoits. there is no doubt that she would have been a leader 
in aeronautics when the world war engulfed her. instead 
cf an apt pupil subservient to the teachings of the .Allies. 
However, lack of public interest and a consequent lack of 
funds, prevented this Government from developing Ihe .\ir 
Seivice as it should have done, and in 1912. France, always 

an interested spectator, forged ahead with an appropriation 
of $5..C00.000 to put the Air Service in that country on a 
practical basis. From that time on France far outdistanced 
America, and Great Britain later did the same, but the 
fact still remains that had it not been for America's pioneer 
experimentation, the wonderful success of the other nations 
in the air would have been impossible of accomplishment. 

But even with the wonderful strides that were being 
made, a great handicap still existed in the unconquered 
"tail-spin." the queer and unexplained antic which caused 
the death of so many experienced flyers. Again it remained 
for America to step forward, explain the existing difficulty 
and effect a remedy. This was accomplished in 1917. when 
-Mr. Sperry, the instrument maker, in an article on the 
subject, explained the cause of the tail-spin and the way to 
avoid it. He also explained how it was possible to come 
out of a spin in safely. After this pilots in .general realized 
that the epoch of unc?rtainty in aviation was past, and from 
that time to the present flying has increased by leaps and 
bounds. Shortly after Mr. Sperry's article was published 
Major John McDonnell, in charge of the Government Fly- 
ing Field at Rantoul, 111., began a course of instruction in 
the tail-spin, and today pilots with little experience are 
every day executin.g it successfully and with little danger. 

Even until the latter part of 1916 the United States 
Army had but twelve pilots. When the Armistice was 
signed in November. 1918. the U. S. Air Service contained 
over 9000 qualified flyers, in addition to scores of bombers, 
photographers and observers. Thus is seen at a glance the 
remarkable development of the Air Service, for the rapid 
strides that were made by America were only similar to 
those made by the other great powers of the world. With 
practically nothing to build on. this Government alone 
developed in little more than a year one of the greatest of 
modern sciences. In this development much of the credit 
must be given to the civilian instructors — men who early 
in the great game of aviation had staked their all on the 
success of their dreams, and who. now that the opportunity 
came to realize their greatest ambitions, threw away both 
money and national prominence to answer their country's 
call in her hour of need. Their work stands today as a 
.srowing monument to their patriotism and self-sacrifice. 
No more hazardous occupation was ever undertaken by man 
than the gradual instruction of raw recruits and their 
moulding into Air Service pilots by these heroic civilian 
pioneers of aviation. .-Ml honor to them therefore, the men 
who first opened the eyes of the world to the possibilities 
of air travel and who later by their own efforts, built 
from the flimsy structures cf pioneer aviation one of the 
greatest and most valuable scientific achievements of 
modern times. 
























Mill Illl llllllllll 







■J>v,) 1 I l\J'_ 

,,-,^ ow-^r 




iiiiiimiiin miimii 

\ \ \\\\s\\s> s 



K K L L Y 


(35,000;Kelly5Fielders in this group) 


15 I'M) CROSS 


F I K I. D 


• i P|H I I - ^ U I I I I 

I{i:vii-:h'- (April, lois) 

Photo et Steele 




Commandini^ Officers of Kelly Field 

BOWEN. THOMAS S.. Capt.. S. C, J. M. A. (jrACKEXBUSH. G. V. S., Coloiu 1 A. S. S. C. 

COOK, SETH W.. Capt.. Cavalry. FECHET. J. E.. Colonel S. C. 

TAYMAX. CHARLES E., Colonel. Infantry. (IILLMOKE. W. E.. Colonel A. S. A. 

CHASE. WILSON. Colonel. Infantry CAKIiEURY, .lOSEPH K.. Lieut. Colonel A. S, A. 

CHITTY. WILLIA.M 1).. Colonel A. S. S. C. CLACETT. H. I!., Lieut. Colonel A. S. A. 

DUNCAN. THOMAS, Lieut. Colonel A. S. S. C. 1>I;.\TT. II. ('., Colonel A. S. A. 

Post Executive Officers of Kelly Field 

DUNCAN. THOMAS. Lieut. Colonel. (;!:A1I.\M. lIAIMiY, .Major A. S. S. C. 

DANFORTH, Lieut.-Colonel, A. S. S. C. WHITE. J. M.. Major S. C. 

Commanding Officers Flying Department of Kelly Field 

COOK. SETH W.. Major. DEL'El,. THORNE. Major. 

WILBURNE. ARTHUR E.. Major. BRANT, G. C, Lieut.-Colonel. 

FERRON. PAUL. Major. HEFFERNAN, L, G., Major. 

HEARD. JACK W.. Major. CLAGETT. H. B.. Lieut.-Colonel. 

Post Adjutants of Kelly Field 

WHEELER, S. H.. Capt., S. C, J. M. A. VAN NOSTRAND. P. E.. Major Infantry. 

WALSH. R. L.. 1st Lieut.. Cavalry. GRAHAM, HARRY, Capt. A. S. S. C. 

WHITE. J. M.. Major. S. C. 

AUSTIN, Captain A. S. M. A. 

Kelly Field was organized in May, 1917. with the following Organizations: 


Capt. Thos. Bowen, S. C. J. M. A.. Commanding Officer, 148 Enlisted men. 


Capt. Carl Spatz, S. C, J. M. A., Commanding Officer 148 Enlisted men. 


Capt. Seth W. Cook, Cavalry. Commanding Officer 3428 Enlisted men. 

Number of Officers in Kelly Field since May, 1917 5.182 

Number of enlisted men 197,468 

Greatest number of arrivals in one month was in December, 1917. Officers 1,289 

Enlisted men 32,812 

Greatest number of departures in one month of Officers was in April, 1918 665 

Greatest number of departures in one month of enlisted men in January, 1918 15,365 

Largest number of organizations formed in one month: 67 in August, 1917. 
Largest number of organizations to depart in one month: 66 in December, 1917. 

Greatest number of enlisted men in Kelly Field in one day: 36.898 December 25, 1917. 
Greatest number of Officers in Kelly Field in one day: 1,695 January 31, 1918. 

25,000 men were interviewed by Trade Test Board in December, 1917. 

On November 2, 1918. 1,629 men were employed in maintenance and operation of this Post. 

On November 1, 1918, there were no officers in this Post unfit for overseas service and only 90 enlisted men so 

On March 18. 1918. 108 ships flew a total of 1.033 hours in 12 hours. 

Flying Hours since May, 1917 

Total Hours Flying Primary School 124.664 hrs 26 mins. 

Total Hours Instructors School 29.211 hrs 36 mins. 

(Discontinued September 5, 1918) 

Grand Total since school began 153,876 hrs 02 mins. 

During 1918 
Total Hours Primary School 120,011 hrs 35 mins. 

Total Hours Instructors School 28,294 hrs 30 rains. 

Grand Total for 1918 149.206 hrs 05 mins. 


Record Day 
March 18, 1918, Hours flown 1.033 hrs 29 mins. 


Number of Cadets and Student Officers graduated 1,562 

Number of Officers killed in airplane accidents 12 

Number of Cadets killed in airplane accidents ] t 

Civilian Instructors killed 1 

Acreage of Kelly Field: 

No. 1 430 Acres 

Plying Dept 1576 Acres 

Total 2006 Acres 




FFICIENCY has been the big watchword of the U. S. 
Army during the present world struggle. Tradition 
has been thrust aside and the greatest minds of this 
.ULULiation have been set to work to devise new schemes, 
new systems, new inventions, new ideas. "Army Regula 
tions" with its time-worn provisions is now so cut and 
slashed that a copy with "down to date" changes, looks 
like grand-mother's book of successful recipes. 

Never before have the health, comfort and morals of 
the army been so carefully and scientifically guarded as 
during this war. The results surely testify to the great 
wisdom of the system which has been so thoroughly studied 
out and maintained. 

During the last few years there has been a growing 
interest in the belief that men, women and children were 
not all created with the same tendencies, temperaments 
and aptitudes. What has been the result? School children 
are being segregated as to fitness for particular studies. 
Pupils who are apt in the study of mathematics, for in- 
stance, are poor in spelling. For this reason mass training 
is rapidly disappearing and methods of a more individual 
nature are being substituted. 

Men and women are being picked for pursuits in 
which they are especially qualified. The old saying "They 
spoiled a good black.sinith to make a poor preacher" is 
fast becoming less a propos. 

This is all preliminary to a few remarks in connection 
with a word which, like the word "camouflage" has come 
into almost universal usage in the last two years. This 
word is "personnel." What is "personnel?" For the pur- 
pose of this short article it may be defined as a system of 
individual or personal selection. Personnel work has been 
officially recognized by all branches of the U. S. Army, 
and by this system both officers and enlisted men are being 
selected for duty according to their qualifications. No 
longer are men herded together en masse and distributed 
by the dozen or hundred. Their qualifications are record- 
ed and they are selected individually for particular duties. 
The Air Service could not possibly exist with any degree 
of efficiency without a well developed personnel system. 
Perhaps few people in or out of the army realize that 
there are more than 60 different trades required in the Air 
Service as now constituted. How could efficiency be ex- 
pected if tailors were forced to do blacksmithing and truck 
drivers should be made to act as sergeant major. And yet 
one of these is quite as important as another. 

In order to aid in a speedy selection of the right man 
for the right place, a very complete system has been devised, 
and has been enlarged to include every phase of work con- 
nected with the individual soldier — both officer and enlisted 

Kelly Field is in the foreground in this matter of 
personnel work. Thanks to such able and efficient officers 
as Major C. H. Maranville. Captain Harry V. Hand, Captain 
Homer B. Love, 1st Lieut. E. F. Wiebolot, 2nd Lieut. 
Stanley Corfman, 2nd Lieut. George A. Clark and others, 
together with a most efficient corps of non-commissioned 
officers, this work has been brought from chaos to near 

There are many phases of personnel work. It starts, 
for the enlisted man, in the Receiving Station where the 
first important physical, mental and psychological records 
are made. Then comes the Trade Test Section where the 
soldier's trade and professional qualifications are recorded, 
based on actual experience. This information Is placed on 
specially prepared cartis, where it is available at a glance. 

The Assignment Section is given the responsibility of 
filing these cards in such a way as to show the exact 
location of each soldier, and data as to the particular 
"special duty" of each is also shown. If there is a demand 
for telegraphers, stenographers, clerks, chauffeurs or what 
not. the men can be located in less time than it takes to 
txplain it here. 

Other phases of personnel work are the Locator System 
tor recording the changing location of each soldier in con- 
nection with the distribution of mail; the Insurance and 
Allotment Section where all matters of this nature are 
handled, and the Correspondence Department where cor- 
respondence on matters of interest to the individual soldier 
is handled. 

There has been no development among all the new ideas 
established during the present war which has been of 
greater vaitie to the service than this system of Personnel 


The "Receiving Station," located opposite Post Head- 
quarters, later running on reverse gear as the Departure 
Station, presided at two great events in the Kellyites 
career — coming in and going home. There it was thai 
the rookie crop for the summer of 1918 was put through 
the mill and initiated with pomp and ceremony into Kelly 
Field; and it was there that the silver chevron heroes re- 
ceived their passports home under demobilization orders. 

The Receiving Station was organized in August. 1918, 
by consolidating various recruiting departments, formerly 
under the commanding officer of the old Recruit Division. 
The establishment of a single complete recruiting system 
was placed in charge of 1st Lieutenant Harold F. Dc 
Lacour. Assistant Personnel Adjutant, and made a Head- 
quarters Branch under the Post Personnel Office. 

Under the direction of Lieut De Lacour and his as- 
sistants the organization was modeled along the lines of 
the latest and most efficient recruiting systems in this 
country and was put into immediate operation, handling 
all arrivals at Kelly Field. The plant had a capacity of 
approximately 1000 men per day. 

Recruits were received at the train and started at one 
end of the Recruiting machine in their civilian clothes, 
passed from desk to desk through four main department 
rooms, and turned out at the other end of the building 
fully uniformed and equipped with enlistment papers com- 
plete, at the rate of a man every thirty seconds. The en- 
tire enlistment process was traversed by each recruit in 
about forty-five minutes. 

In that period the recruit was passed through a Record 
Department, a Medical Department, in charge of Capt. H. C. 
Lloyd, M. C, Chief Medical Examiner; a Quartermaster De- 
partment, where the recruit was fully uniformed and 
equipped; and. last, the Insurance Department, where his 
insurance papers were made out. thus completing the 

Lieutenant De Lacour was assisted by 2nd Lieutenant 
Chandler Trimble, in maintenance and systematizing, and 
by an additional staff of officers detailed for special duties. 

When demobilization of the field was started the 
Receiving Station became the Departure Station, and the 
Operations Office, in charge of 2nd Lieutenant Leon C. Cox, 
was incorporated into the system as the Operation Section, 
in charge of transferring Detachments to other stations 
for discharge. 


These three offices at this time are under the direction 
of Lieutenant H. J. Rinn. having been assigned to him at 
different times. The Liaison office was created March 10. 
1918. to facilitate communication between the Commanding 
Officer of Kelly Field and the Commanding Officer of the 
Base Hospital, Fort Sam Houston, and to look after the 
welfare of the officers and enlisted men of Kelly Field who 
were confined in the Base Hospital. Lieutenant Rinn was 
made Liaison Officer when the office was created and has 
held the office until the present time. He has proved very 
efficient and is highly praised by officers and enlisted men 
whom he has helped. The Liaison Office also picks the 
attendants for deceased soldiers. 

The Information Office was under the supervision 
of Lieut. G. A. Simmerman until May 22. 1918. Lieut. Rinn 
was assigned as Information Officer on that date, having 
been Ass't Information Officer until that time. The In- 
formation offices were located, one at the Main gate, one 
at the South San Antonio gate and one at the entrance 
to Post Headquarters. The duties of the men at these 
information desks were to supply any one with information 
as to the location of offices, officers and to act as a guide 
to any one visiting the field. The offices also handled the 
pass system of the field. 

The Casualty Office has been under the direction of 
Lieut. J. Q. Wells. Lieut. Bruce Cleveland and Lieut. Rinn, 
respectively. The duties of this office were to keep the 
records of all soldiers who died on the field before they 
were assigned to a company or squadron, and to see that 
all these records were properly closed after the soldier's 



mAK present Air Service Supply Ol'fioe was inslitutiHl 
under the name of the Signal Corps Supply Office 
by Southern Department order about June 20. 1917: 
.Major li. F. Scott, Jr., then a captain, bein.? a|)poinlevi 
Supply Officer. At this time there were only about five or 
six established squadrons on the field, whose duties prim- 
arily consisted of maintaining and repairing the airplanes 
used for training purposes. The First Aero Squadron, whicli 
was stationed at Columbus, New Mexico, subsetiuent to 
their entry into M,"xico with the Punitive Expedition, re- 
ceived orders for overseas duty, and was directed to dis- 
pose of its surplus and obsolete supplies to Kelly Field. 
This shipment, however, was actually received and un 
loaded from the freight cars before the orcer instituting; 
the Supply Office had been issued. The first duties, there- 
fore, of the Supply Officer were directed towards concen- 
trating in one place all supplies — a tremendous proposition 
when one considers how lotig the field had been in oper- 
ation without a Supply Officer. Major Scott sought the 
services of some per=on familiar with conditions. In this 
respect he was successful in securing M. S. E. James Mac- 
Fadden, a pioneer in the aviation section of the army. 

There was not an office on the field that had not been 
occupied, nor was there a storehouse in which to depn.sit 
all of the surplus material that was rapidly accumulating. 
A condemned tent was provided, and the first Supply Office 
on Kelly Field came into being on the spot where the Trade 
Test buildings now stand. Steps were taken at once lo 
have a modern office and warehouse constructed, but it 
was not until the early part of August that this step to- 
wards security Was finally realized. In the meantime, the 
question of organizing personnel for the work in hand had 
to be considered, and Major Scott personally interviewed 
each man who was ultimately selected for duty in the 
Supply Office. The result of his endeavor in choosing thu 
men who later made the Supply Office a by-word of etfi 
ciency on Kelly Field and at other fields, speaks volumes 
for his wise and well directed policy. Having chosen his 
i)er.<onnel. he proceeded in accordance with orders to 
organize the Second Supply Squadron, the name of which 
was later changed to the 112th, 633rd and ,S4th Squadrons, 

During this period of organization tlic work of oilier 
departments on the field proper was continually increasinj. 
and the Supply Office felt this heavy burden in the form 
of lengthy requisitions for supplies, which were not earriitl 
in stock and which could not be purchased locally by the 
Supply Officer because he was not invested with the power 
of local purchase. This necessitated transferring all re 
quisitions to the Aviation General Supply Depot, a circum 
stance which unfortunately delayed measures. However, 
after presenting this problem in the proper light, local 
purcha.^e power was granted the Supply Officer; and this 
authority, properly applied, succeeded in overcoming some 
of the former reverses and facilitated to an incalculable 
degree in the future business of the office. 

With regard to the administration of the Purchasing 
and the Disbursing Departments much credit is due Cap- 
tain George V. Uotan and Lieutenants Fensch and Grahaiii 
for their splendid work and efficient leadership. 

The period from August to December, 1917, was the 
busiest in the history of the office, as the personnel of the 
field during this time expanded from four thousand men 
to forty thousand. This fact confronted the Supply Officer 
with a serious problem in the form of maintenance of 

lniil( roads, w.-ilt r sysl( ins, fire priit( el ion, sewerage 
riisiicsal. lighting systems, etc. To combat this difficulty 
a Maintenance Department was created, and there is no 
doubt but that this organization paved the way for the 
easy handling of troops, by providing ways and means 
looking to their comfort. The Maintenance Officer, Cap- 
tain C. W. Connell. and his assistants performed all the 
ncrk coming under their jurisdiction with efficiency and 

Tlie period covered up to lliis time embraced also 
problems regarding the operation and maintenance of 
transportation. This link in the supply system was organ- 
ized almost as soon as the Supply Office itself, and placed 
under the immediate charge of Captain C. A. Reid who was 
later succeeded by Captain Jack Doublin. The immensity 
of the transportation features of supply administration was 
discovered to be an important factor during the time of the 
"rush" in December. 1917. and January, 1918. The number 
and different types of trucks, however, did not prove to 
be an advantage from a business standiioinl on aecount 
of lack of standardization. 

It must not be forgotten that during this entire period 
cf development flying time was rapidly increasing, and 
that this one problem of supplying material to maintain the 
ships in constant operation presented the Purchasing. Stock, 
and Warehouse Divisions of the Supply Office with suffi- 
cient work to keep them operating both day and night. A 
system, however, had been founded and maintained by 
steady thought and constant application so that by the end 
of January, 1918, the situation was fairly well in hand. 

Then began the period resulting in the dispatch of 
organized squadrons for overseas duty, so that by the fall 
of 191S the rush of business had practically ceased. This 
gave the Supply Office a chance to recover, and plans were 
immediately put under way to effect a standardization 
program lo meet future emergencies. The opportunity 
came late in October, 1918, when word was flashed lo the 
Supply Office that twenty-five thousand men were scheduled 
to arrive at Kelly Field on or about Nevember 25th. At 
once consultations were arranged with the Commanding 
Officer of the Concentration Brigade. Major S. S. Hanks, 
and a complete system cf supply standardization was 
evolved for the equipment of the Brigade. To the credit of 
. the "Yanks," however, the Armistice was signed on No- 
vember 11th. and these plans were abandoned. 

Following this came the demoblization period which 
involved the return of an enormous amount of property to 
the Air Service Warehouse, but due to the efficiency of all 
departments of the office little difficulty was experienced 
ill taking care of this work. 

In December. 1918. information was received from 
Washington that a new system of property accounting 
would become effective on January 1, 1919. Instructions 
covering the installation of this new system were received, 
and immediate action taken to facilitate and expedite its 
installation. That is the system w'hich the Supply Office 
is operating at the present time, and is from a statistical 
view point the end of its history. 

It is impossible in this all — too brief review of a sub- 
ject so closely identified and allied with the historical and 
physical development of Kelly Field to mention individually 
the officers and men who have been associated with the 
Supply Office. It is sufficient to say. however, that they 
have done their work well even in the face of the mOs; 
serious obstacles, and performed a duty in the Great World 
War that will be lon.g remembered. 


Commissioned I'erNoiiiiol iif Camp Supplv Office 

HIS office is divided into four branches of operation 
and includes the Transportation Office, the Finance 

Office, the Subsistence Branch and the Property 


The Transportation Office at Kelly Field, under the 
direction of Capt. H. W. Hartmann, Q. M. C, was officially 
opened on November 16th. litlT, by 1st Lieut. Geo. W. 
Hupp. A. S. (M. A.) Immediately after the office opened 
it began the shipment of organized Squadrons and from 
that time until the present the office has forwarded 80.000 
men. as follows: 41.000 in organized squadrons, 30.000 in 
detachments and 9,000 casuals. Of the above number 2,200 

were cfficers. The office has also handled Tj,2i)() inbound 
and 781 out bound carloads of freight. The officers in 
charge at the prf.=ent time are: Capt. Geo. W. Rupp, S. C. 
and 2nd Lieut. W. R. Godley, Q. M. C. 

The Finance Office, under the immediate charge of 
Capt. John W. El'liott. A. S. A., as Finance Officer, and 
1st Lieut. Arthur W, Kidd, Q. M. C, as Disbursing Officer, 
has been one of the mcst active departments in the Office 
of the Camp Supply Officer, disbursing since September, 
1917, upwards of four million dollars as pay of Officers, 
Ration and Savings Accounts. Subsistence, Burial Ex 
penses. etc. Two commissioned officers and sixteen en- 
listed men curry on the work. Five enlisted men of this 
Office have been commissicned from the ranks, while five 
others were sent to the training school at Jacksonville, 
Florida, and were ready to be commissioned when the Arm- 
istice was signed. 

The Subsistence Branch, under the direction of Lt. 
B. H. Pake, 1st Lt., Q. M. C, Subsistence Officer, consisting 
of 20 enlisted men. has taken care of 6.097.228 Garrison 
Rations amounting to $2,738,874 81 and 15,490 Travel Ra- 
tions amounting to $5,054.39. This makes a grand total 
of $2,743,929.20. Over 3.000.(00 pounds of bread have been 
produced by the Post Bakery, and handled through the 
Subsistence Branch, to a value of $137,058.36. Over two 
and a half million pounds of beef and fifteen and a half 
million pounds of ice have a'so been used. 

The Property Branch, under the direction of Ist LI. 
IJaymond Dunavant. A. S. A. and 2nd Lt. W. B. Halbig, 
Q. M. C. consisting nf 60 enlisted men, has Issued at this 
Post material to the value of the following: Clothing. 
$9,600,000; Equipment "C" (other than clothing). $5,800, 
000; Camp Equipment. $3,750,000; Gasoline. $879,000; Oils. 
$29,300; Greases. $18,000; Wood. $225,000; Coal. $22,000; 
Kerosene, $31,200; Fuel Oil. $30,000; Forage. $11,000. 

"taking off" 

"side: slipping" 

N05E DivirlG" 


r™^ O HISTORY of Ktlly Fitlri can be judged complete 
1^1 unless it devotes a considerable Sluice to the acbieve- 
IfcMI mtnts of the Quartermaster Corps. The great effort 
that this great Field put forth in tlie World's greatest 
struggle could not have been successful williout the aid of 
the Quartermaster Corps Detachment. There was no time 
curing I he period of the War, even when Kelly Field was 
training 3(1.0(10 men for overseas service, that this branch 
of the Army did not prove equal to the task. 

In June of 1917, Camp Kelly, as it was then called, con- 
sisted of 30 small tents, three officers' barracks, and thre>: 
barracks for enlisted men. Captain Hardman. now Major, 
was then in command of the small camp. It was on June 
IRth. -1917. that the first contingent of 22 volunteer Quarter- 
master nun arrived by truck from Fort Sam Houston. This 
small body of 22 men was the nucleus of the great detach- 
ment — great, indeed, for the work it was to perform in the 
months succeeding. There were no barracks to receive 
them; so a number of small tents were thrown up for 
quarters. They had no mess hall and had to mess with the 
nearest organizatien. It was under these trying conditions 
that the Quartermaster Detacliment plunged into its new 
work, with the spirit of vim and energy that made all its 
future work successful. Building operations were started 
soon after and in a short time the building known as the 
Commissary was erected, and here the Quartermaster Office 
was located. About this time, thousands of men passed 
througa the receiving headquarters, and the Field grew and 
grew, increasing rapidly. Kelly Field was rapidly becoming 
the largest Aviation Field in the United States. With the 
growth of the Field, the Quartermaster Corps kept growing. 
Numbers of men came in from Fort Sam Houston, Camp 
Joseph E. Johnston, Florida, and Camp Travis, and men 
were even transferred from the Air Service Squadrons, to 
supply the need of men to carry on the work. The 
maximum number reached was about 250 men. excluding 
the many officers, and men on special duty from various 
S(iuadrons, In addition there were about 200 civilians con- 
sisting of Mexicans and Chinese working as laborers about 
the Camp. Many of the personnel were sent to Officers' 
Training Schools, and received commissions. 

The duties of the Quartermaster Corp.s arc so many an<; 
varied, that it is nigh impossible to list completely the 
work that this arm of the Service has maintained and 
operated. Eight large warehouses are now maintained by 
the Camp Supply Officer, formerly known as the Camp 
Quartermaster. The Camp Supply Officer has complete 
charge of the distribution and repair of all clothing, trans- 
portatiO;i. subsistence, finance. Storage, Property, and all 
duties connected with the maintenance and supply of the 
Camp's needs. The Camp Supply Officer has charge of the 
Corral with its numbers of horses, mules and wagons. 

The present personnel of the Quartermaster Detach- 
ment, under the direction of Captain Lemuel P. Betty, 
Q. M. C. consists of the following officers: Captain George 
W. Rupp. S. C, Transi)ortalion Officer and Detachment 
Commander; Captain John W. Elliott. A. S. A.. Finance 

Capl.. J. W. ELLIOTT 

Capi. G. W. RUPP 

— Photos by Rayburn 

Officer; Captain Fred M. Broyles, Q, M, C, Salvage Officer; 
1st Lieut. Arthur W. Kidd. Q. M. C, Disbursing Officer; 1st 
Lieut, Bertran H. Pake. Q. M. C, Commissary Officer; 
1st Lieut. Raymond Dunavant. A. S. A., Storage Officer; 
2nd Lieut. William B, Halbig. Q. M. C, Property Officer, 
2nd lieut. Willard R. Godley, Q. M. C, Assistant Trans- 
portation Officer; 2nd Lieut. Omer O. Niergarth, A. S. A.. 
.\ssistant Salvage Officer. 

The personnel of the Quartermaster Corps from the 
MTy beginning shared heat, cold and storms with the rest 
of the Field Personnel, and during the epidemic of Spanish 
Influeni;a lost three faithful workers. Privates Gormley, 
Elliott and Mac Lean, who paid the greatest price in the 
interest of the Service. 

The Quartermaster Detachment at this Field has been 
designated permanent. Ever since the signing of the 
Armistice there has been no let-up in the work, and the 
nun of the detachment have worked in I he same spirit of 
willingness ami sacrifice, as they did during the period of 
the War. The Finance Department and other branches of 
the Camp Supply Office have labored long and hard during 
the general demobilization period, just jiassed, and no little 
credit is due them, for the facility with which the men were 

(Transporation Officer) 

Enlisted in the Fourth Regiment of Infantry, National 
Guard in 1»91. He entered the service of the United States 
during the war with Spain as a clerk in the Quartermaster 
Corps and has served in Middletown, Pa., Fort Snelling. 
Minn., Seattle, Washington, Fort St. Michael. Alaska. Port- 
land. Oregon, Fort Keogh, Mont.. St. Paul, Minn,, Chicag'o, 
111., the Philippine Islands and Fort Sam Houston. Texas. 

He was appointed Field Clerk, Quartermaster Corps. 
December 28, 1916; First Lieutenant, Signal Reserve Corps. 
Aviation Section, August 8, 1917, and Captain, Signal Corps, 
May 4th. 1918. 

Captain Kupp reported for duty October 29, 1917, and 
was assigned to duty as Assistant to the Quartermaster and 
in charge of Transportation. 

(Finance Officer) 

Is one of the most popular officer in the Field — near 
the end of each month. (He handles the officers' pay 

Captain Elliott enlisted April 28th, 1898, in the Fifth 
Ohio Volunteer Infantry and served during the Spanish 

When volunteers were called for the Philippine In- 
surrection, he enlisted in the 31st United States Volunteer 
Infantry, and served with it at Zamboanga, Mindanao, P. I., 
until May 17, 1901, when the Regiment returned to the 
United States, and Captain Elliott remained to accept a 
position with the Quartermaster Department at Zamboanga, 
where he served until the Moros went on the war path and 
he was transferred to the Base Supply Depot at Malabang, 
P. L, as Transportation Agent and Property Clerk. 

After serving seven years in the Philippines, Captain 
Elliott was returned to the United States, where he has 
served in Jeffersonville, Ind.. Atlanta, Ga.. New York City 
and Fort Sam Houston, Texas. He was appointed Field 
Clerk, Quartermaster Corps, United States Army, December 
2S. 1916; First Lieutenant Signal Reserve Corps, Aviation 
Section, November 9tli. 1917. and Captain. Air Service. 
.\eronautics. September 21st. 1918. 

Upon reporting for duty at this Field on January 17(h. 
1918. he was assigned to duty as Assistant to the Quarter- 
master, and was placed in charge of Finance, in which 
capacity he is still serving. 


Quartermaster Sergeants — Baxter, Glenn A.. Daur, 
William II,, \ni.>.M.I, lloiiiiey C, Weiss, Samuel M. 
Serg'eants First Class — Uatrlev, Francis B., Campliell, Perrv 
i'., Kennedy. Waltci- M., Kofahl, Lynn I-I., Still, Chiui.-.s I'",. 
Thuman, I'runk X,, ,Jr.. Walker, Waller S. Sergeants — 
Anderson. Ben O., Belzons, Guy A,. Caspersen, Olaus \\ ., 
Cassidy, Franklin J., Cybulski, Roman, Davis, Evan J., 
Donnelly, Jo.seph P., Handley, Marion K., Hopkins, Leonard 
C, Keeling, Garland. Leberman. Henry L,, Machado, 
Manuel, Mahoney, Thomas F.. McWa.\'ne, Clarence, Miller, 
Charles, Parsons. George F., Rofl'ke. Louis, Smith. 
Thaddeus D.. SU-II. .\lbert L., Turniail, Arnold W.. Varian. 
Martin H. Corporals — .Vdamson, Weldon V., Byrnes, Jolin 
v.. Douglas, .\llrtd, Uuligan, Peter. CJIllard, John M,, 
Hebert, Claude K., tludson, Clarence R., Hoffman, Robert 
L., Ingolia, Anthon>' J., Jordon, Robert l'\, Lange, Oscar F., 
Ijippman, George. Melker. Merritt M.. Warner, Paul. Wilcox. 
.Samuel I. Cooks — Murray, William !•>,. Myers, August, 
Toothacre, Eildic E, Private First Class — Bridges, Robert 
L,, Burola. Matt, P.artell, Frank F,, Dal/.ell. Robert, Lening, 
Harry. McRae. Howard V.. Powitzky, Harry H,, Staneley, 
William F. Privates — McGill, Michael B., Silvio, Domenic, 
Theriot, Gaston. 

;. -^in, .^«r^>^ 

Quartermaster Corps— Kelly Field. 1918 

— 13— 

(JuarteriiiuNter Detaichiiieiit, 1 f J 1 N 


Xraiiiiiij^ ISri^ade Personnel, Spniiji IHIS 


[2=2] HE CONCENTRATION BIUGADE of the present day 
1 1 is what was formerly known as the Recruit Camp. 
'=^ and later as the First Training Brigade. The Re- 
cruit Camp was organized in June. 1917, when Kelly Field 
was little more than an idea. At that time Captain J. P. 
Edgerly was in Command. 

On October 13. 1917, the First Training Brigade was 
created. Major A. W. Barry being the first Commanding 
Officer, with Captain J. P. Edgerly as Adjutant. 

The Brigade was instituted for the purpose of 
ogranizing squadrons in accordance with trade-test qualifi- 
cations, in addition to the duties of receiving and equipping 
the raw recruits. 

At that time the entire camp was in a more or less 
chaotic condition because of the fact that the results of 
the Army Recruiting and Drafting systems were beginning 
to be felt, and the raw recruits were coming in daily hy 
the thousands. 

There was no time to be lest; these men had to be 
taken care of. First they were examined by the Medical 
Officers, and these who had developed sickness of any kind, 
as well as those who had come in contact with the sick ones 
during the journey were separated from the well. 

There were but few officers and very few of these were 
of the Regular Army and possessed with the experienct 
ntcessary to cope with the conditions. System after system 
was tried out 'and each time something was fotmd lacking, 
although the officers were working night and day tryin;, 
to better conditions. 

Tents had to be brought in and pitched, cots, blankets 
and mess kits had to be supplied by the hundreds of thou- 
sands. Often this equipment was received at the same time 
as the men. but often also long after it was needed. 

The officers and the men who went thru those try- 
ing days will remember the hardships, the hard work and 
the — everything that happened to remind them, not only 
once but every hour in the day, that "Sherman was right," 

Do you remember arriving at Kelly Field, after witn- 
slanding a long, hard trip, when food had given out 36 
hours early, with great anticipation of becoming a great 
flyer and of making fame by bombing old Hun "Bill's" 
palace — finding yourself lined up in front of a row of 
tents, your feet in black mud and the wind blowing a gale, 
trying to obey the orders — "Prepare for Inspection"? 

Inspection over, next came "Chow," Do you re- 
member standing in line for — it seemed a week — coffee 
and Irish stew, out of those big G. I. cans? 

Do the officers remember the hustle and worry and 
anxiety, trying to best look after those men and keep them 
from being exposed to sickness? 

Those were the days! The men sent to Kelly Field 
were the "chosen few," and w'ere picked out for the Air 
Service because of their civilian training in the different 
trades. Therefore after a man had been received, examined, 
fed. housed (tented) and inoculated, he was sent before a 
Board cf Examiners where it was determined for what 
irade he was best qualified. 

At first the Brigade was divided into Provisional 
Companies, seven in all, but on account of the rapid growth 
the Brigade w'as divided into Battalions and then into 

Major John S. Sullivan became the first Regimental 
Commander but the Camp kept growing and it became 
necessary to make divisions more convenient for uandling 
the men in order to facilitate the organizing of Squadrons. 

.Major Barry was succeeded by Lieut.-Col. G. V, S. 
Quackenbush in command of the First Training Brigade, 

The Brigade became divided into two Regiments, 

Major Buckner commanded one Regiment, and Major 
Weeks the other, .Major Sullivan being ordered to Wash- 

Then came in such officers as Maj. Lackland. Maj. 
Bonesteel and Maj. Clagett, who assisted Col. Quackenbush 
in solving the problems then existing, 

'■\( On the first of January. 1918. Maj. Clagett gave orders 
to 1st Lieut. Ellsworth, then Recruit Receiving Officer of 
the 4th Prov. Regiment to draw up an outline of the Camp 
diviced into sections representing the various trades. Thi.-; 
was adopted, and the First Training 'Brigade was divideiS 
into sections. Each section was subdivided into as many 
parts as it had trades to accommodate. Each trade occupied 
a certain numbered line or lines as the size required, and so 
when a squadron was to be organized, the men were called 
from the different sections in the quantity from each trade 

This system was elaborated upon again and the Brigade 
divided into two Divisions, the Trades Division, and the- 
Recruit Division. 

The Trades Division remained as outlined, only 
diminished in size, and the Recruit Division became a 
separate unit under the command of Maj. Clagett, Majors 
Lackland and Bonesteel commanding the Trades Division. 

The Recruit Division performed the functions of re- 
ceiving the Recruits, putting them through all the 
preliminary stages, and when prepared for squadron duties, 
trade tested, etc.. transferring them to the Trades Division, 
where they were organized into squadrons, and sent out. 

The First Training Brigade was later named "Concen- 
tration Brigade." and all of the special duty squadrons in 
Kelly Field No. 1, and the area formerly occupied by the 
Second Training Brigade were included in its organization. 

During its existence the Brigade has been commanded 
by the following officers: Major A. W. Barry. Lieut. -Coi. 
G. V. S. Quackenbush. Lieut.-Col. Geo. W. England, Lieut.- 
Col, Chas, H, Danforth, Maj, S. B, Buckner. Jr., Maj. S, S. 
Hanks, and Lieut,-Col. B. B. Butler. 

Captain Chas. H. .\ustin was Executive Officer for a 
few months. 

Major Edgerly served as .Adjutant for several months, 
and he was succeeded by Major Sypher. who was succeeded 
by Captain Horace Soule. formerly Adjutant of the Trades 


Kelly Field's I'roudest Achievements and Aviation's Greatest Asset 


lEN America heard the call of war in the summer of 
1!)17 and began girding her loins for the fray, one 
of the first of her many rude awakenings was the 
realization that she w^as sadly deficient and years behind 
the other great nations of the world in one of the most 
vital branches of present-day warfare — Aeronautic^'. 
Franco had for years been carrying on exhaustive ex- 
periments in the science and had attained a degree of 
perfection far in advance of America's fondest dreams. 
Germany likewise was a foe to be reckoned with in the 
air as well as on the ground. England and even Italy were 
years ahead of us in Aviation and America, the most pro- 
gressive and modern of nations was just beginning to 
wake up. But no sooner was the realization of this de- 
ficiency awakened than a determination was made to equal 
and if necessary, even to excel all others in this great 
new method of warfare, hitherto untried and unknown. 
The determination, however, was the easiest part of the 
plan; how to put it into execution was the next problem, 
and a vital and pressing one it was. America had no 
Mirplanes. She had no aviators nor aviation fields at 
which to train any. But with a rapidity characteristic of 
Yankee ingenuity she rapidly overcame all these obstruc- 
tions to progress. It remained for France to provide the 
greatest obstacle of all and this she did by making a plea 
for 50,OCO trained uero mechanics. Only those men at thai 
time employed in various small aeroplane plants through- 
out the country were in any way familiar with the science 
of Aeroplane Mechanics and very few indeed they were. 
But nothing daunted, America at once set to work to pro- 
vide them and she succeeded admirably. 

Kelly Field, one of the best-established and oldest 
aviation fields at that time (although all of them were in 
their infancy) was naturally selected for the establishment 
of a school. And thus was born the E. M. T. D. (Enlisted 
Mechanics Training Department), later known as the A. 
S. M. S. (Air Service Mechanics' School), one of the 
largest and most efficient departments on the Field at the 
present time. 

Major Dana H. Crissy and Capt. D. J. Neumuller were 
assigned here from Washington to take charge of the work 
of organization and were given the instructions that all 
enlisted men available should be given instruction. One- 
half of the little building just west of the Officer's mess. 

on Kelly No. 1. which had previously been used as thr 
Field's first Headquarters Building, was utilized as an 
office, or headquarters for the school. The office furniture 
was as scanty as the other equipment of the school and it 
comprised one desk, one typew'riter and a tyjiewriter crate 
which w-as used as a chair. Glenno Brockerman, now a 
Master Electrician, comprised the office staff. Six men 
then at work in the hangars of the Flying Department 




were questioned concerning their de- 
sire of "going to school and then re- 
turning as instructors in a ground 
school." The six eagerly accepted this 
proffered "opportunity" and were 
thereafter referred to as the "Collegi 
Men." But fate intervened and they 
never reached "College." And finally, 
after a disconcerting mix-up in rec- 
ords and transfers they were assigned 
"en bloc" to the E. M. T. D. as in- 
structors. Others were chosen by the 
same method and after a severe 
gruelling by the two officers in 
charge, the best material was finally 
selected and assigned to certain 
specific branches of instruction. Cap- 
tain Neumuller was Officer in Charge 
and also head of the Airplane Course, 
one-half of the proposed curriculum. 
Capt. V. L. Burge was head of the 
Aero Motors Course, the other subject 
prescribed by Washington. The new 
school was formally opened and in- 
struction begun on the morning of 

October 17th, when the first detail of students, was marched 
for a mile along the dusty Texas road (later macadamized) 
to the tent hangars where the school was located. 

The first day wa= devoted largely to the matter of 
receiving the new students and preparing rosters. Then 
that evening the inevitable occurred — a representative 
Texas sandstorm which nearly blew the infant school off 
the map. It cannot be said, of course, that it was dis- 
organized by this unfortunate occurence, for an organi- 
zation had hardly been effected as yet, but nevertheless it 
was demoralized for a period of time at least, and when 
school next opened it was in one of the large, red hangars 
of more substantial build, where the wind and the rain 
might come and go without any material damage. 

But the school had its handicaps. Attendance at 
classes was subordinated to other squadron duties and 
"guard and necessary fatigue" was a constant source of 
worry which upset the morale of the entire school. Some 
students only attended one or two days a week and as a 
result the time they did spend under instruction was 
practically wasted. However, in spite of all these obstacles, 
at the end of the first month, the then prescribed length 
of the course 1040 men had been under instruction and 
most of them were graduated. Then more speed and more 
graduates were demanded from Washington. Despairingly. 
but with no other alternative in view, the heads of the 
department obtained about 50 more instructors and then 
cut the course down from one month to two weeks. In 
order to get the greatest possible concentration, Capt. 
Neumuller then suggested to Washington that the men 
under instruction be assigned to the school, for instruction 
purposes there only, and that they be relieved from all 
other duty. But this request met with no compliance and 
therefore Washington was informed that it was humanly 
impossible to put men through the school in two weeks, 
the old schedule of one month not even being adequate. 

On January 7th, 1918. Major George E. Stratemeyer. 
then in the Flying Department, was placed in charge, and 
an entire re-organization of the school was made. Maj. 
Stratemeyer was enabled to obtain seven of the large steel 
hangars facing the Quartermaster Depot Road, and also 
obtained more officers and added them to the staff. Co- 
operation between these officers and the enlisted men, the 
latter both instructors and students, caused the school to 

Testing Block 

grow and flourish at a rapid rate, and to this one feature 
more than perhaps any other is laid the present success 
of the school. Major Stratemeyer also insisted upon an- 
other very radical change. No men would be accepted for 
training promiscuously, but every prospective candidate 
for instruction must prove his mechanical ability before 
being accepted. The course was again divided and sub- 
divided, more specialization and less generality in instruc- 
tion being th'j aim. New courses were added as the reed 
for them arose and at this date many different subjects 
may be taken up by the students entering the department. 
Instead of equal amounts of theoretical and practical 
work a program of only 20 per cent theory and 80 per 
cent practice was adopted. 

Late in February Washington sent Mr. Geo. E. A. 
Hallett, now a Major, to Kelly to re-organize the work. 
He had had a wide experience in the formation of courses 
and his experience was valuable. Under his direction the 
curriculum underwent other radical changes and an entire 
new method of operation was placed in effect. 

On April 29th permission was again sought to es- 
tablish a Provisional Training Battalion, in which the 
students of the school might be quartered, but it was not 
until the beginning of June that this Battalion became an 
actuality. Since that time the work has been thoroughly 
systematized and basic principles of operation established 
and the Air Service Mechanics' School of Kelly Field has 
come to be a by-word synonomous with efficiency and 
accuracy, known and used in every Air Service Station in 
the United States. It represents an investment of over 
$2,000,000 and has turned out students by the thousands-- 
students that are by this time scattered to the four corners 
of the earth. 

Of course, when the Armistice was signed and the 
Great War came to an end the school was naturally curtail- 
ed to a great extent, and the bright dreams of its future 
development ceased to be anything but the veriest of air 
castles, but nevertheless, during the time u was permitted 
(o grow and expand, its officers and men have set a shin- 
ning example of co-operation and efficient management 
which shall never die, but shall ever remain a source of 
pride and gratification to a grateful country which called 
for service and sacrifice in its hour of need and — ob- 
tained it. 


A. S, M. S. I'ei Noiiiiel 


A. M. M . S. Instractors 


STANDING. Left to Right 

F. Redmond, Forward. 

Sgt. DoLPH Hawkins, Manager 
R. J. Stai-p. Guard 
E. \V. RowE, Guard 
J. \V. Decker, Center 

G. Akin. Center 
L. Marley. Guard 
E. S. Bell. Guard 

S C. Lasley, Guard 

SITTING. Left to Right 

PM. Lino. Forward 
I^ L. Trumbull, Guard 


Forward, Captain 
Lt. A.M. Culpepper. 

Athletic Officer 
Capt. H. T Merrill. 

Com.Ofticer.A.S M S. Detach. 
Mr. Scott. Y.M.C. A.. 

Athletic Director 
C. S. Olson. Forward 
Jeff Moore. Guard 
A. D. Hull, Forward 

A. S. M. S. Basket Ball Team, 1919 



(Former SH9lh Sqaadron) 

master Electricians — Allison, Victor V.. Biockermaii, 
Glenno T.. Hurrell, Aider E., Fabricius, Gunnar O.. Moisselle. 
Louis. Wallace. Roland VV.. Ward, William J. Serg-eants 1st 
Class — Abell. Charles B., Clay. John M.. Dains. Rusci..- .1.. 
Uhoda E., Heck, James B., Lancaster. Ernest A.. Meredith. 
William O., Meyerotto. Vernon G.. Richard.son. Joseph S., 
Roberts. Tiner E.. Tschirliart. George H.. Tweedy. Thomas A.. 
Vick. Joseph E.. Watts. William C. Whitson. Roy B.. Work- 
man. Anthony O. Serjeants — Anderson. William B,. AuUs. 
Charles M.. Cahill. Jolui M.. Carter. Arthur B.. Castelone. 
Samuel. Cole. Francis M.. Coppernoll. Lloyd B.. Crane. Webster 
O.. Dehrmann. Godfrey F. H.. Dery. Emile O.. Elliott. George 
L., Fagerstrom. Maurice L.. Foster. FVank R.. Freeman. Hugh 
R., Gartman. Paul F.. Ginzel. George A., Godfrey. Lawrence O.. 
Hoerger. Fred L., Houlihan. Edward J.. Hum. Guy M.. Klinglei, 
George P., Kruse. John W.. McHugh. Cornelius J.. McMillen. 
James W.. McSteen, Thomas G., Mandel, Sam, Marvin, Harry 
S., Millaire, Robert C. Moore. Jeoffrey S.. Nolds, Horace J., 
Noyes. Paul W.. Popoff. Lincoln. Price. Charles P.. Reeves, 
Jack. Roberts. Bob. Rolfe. Francis E.. Sadler. Garnet O.. 
Salisbury. Charles E.. Schlader. Harry I.. Shipley, Donald 1».. 
Swayze. Royal W.. Wasner. Raymond W.. White. Edward. 
Wing, Roscoe E. Corporals — Blersch. Charles J., Bredeson, 
Arnold A., Jesche. William L., Johanson, Herbert E., Johnson, 
Rudolph, Jones. Paul, Kane. Charles W.. Morris. Doane. Nick- 
erson, Kenneth W., Polhemus. Clifford F.. Root. Frederick K.. 
Russell. Charles H., Sienion, Kllswortli O., Sumerwell, Ross E., 
Witwer, Elmer E. Chauffeurs 1st Class — Harris, Clyde C, 
ToUe, Roy, Velte. Charles A. Chauffeurs — Haze. John. 
Steiner. Irvin P. Cooks — Clouson. Herl..rt. .Sizemore. Russell 
E., West. Emerson. Privates — Bangs. Morris C. Beyster. 
Louis H., Blocksom. Franklin I',., Chappell. Henry D.. Cory, 
Leon T., Crowley, Harry F.. LieWitt. Frank J.. Dawson. John 
B.. Domagala. Stanley E.. Downs, Oscar D.. England. Albert L.. 
Floreth. Walter O.. Francisco. Lomer H., Frisk, Neils, Geiler. 
Lester, Godfrey, Ira Z., Gray. Joseph R.. Graffam. Edward W.. 
Haberer. Milton I., Hager. Joseph A.. Hartley. Lee L.. Hauck, 
Florian A.. Ingram. William W.. Jone.s, Paul. Kuhlewin. Kurt, 
Lindner, George A., McCrary, George, McLoughlin, Edward E., 
Maiello. John F., Mendell, Stanley M., Messer. Weaver C. 
Miller. Charles C, Neal, Fred M.. Neilson. Erling G.. Memeth, 
Nicholas C, Newbert. Joel G.. Nolte. Charles E.. Novell, 
Lawrence, Peterson. Andrew J.. Phalen. John, Palamara. John. 
Poulson. Archie H., Ralston, Truman, Read. John L., Reece. 
Raymond F.. Reneau, James J.. Reynolds, Fred W.. Richards. 
Leigh B.. Riley. Orvie W., Robbins, Charles S.. Rollins. Frank 
E., Schaible. Carl M., Schellenberg. George F.. Shelley. Clair. 
Simon. John J., Stendel, Harry H.. Stickney. Cleon R.. Stinson, 
Thomas E.. Stone. Virgil W.. Stoves. William H.. Summers. 
Clarence J., Tudor, Guy M., Twogood. James G., Wahlbring, 
Charles H.. Walker, James, Walker, James F., Jr., Waters, 
Robert V., Watkins. Fen R.. Weber. Frank, Weidetz, Harry W., 
Wingert, Leon L., Wood, Alfred W., Wulff. Clayton N., Wilcox, 
George E. 

(Former 870th Sqnadron) 

master Electricians — Borland. Charles E.. Collins. Edward 
I. I''!]'!'". Stuart W.. Wallace. William D. Sergeants 1st 
Class — Bayly. John B.. Campbell. Quincy A., Duffy. Charles 
M.. Hord. Allen L.. Jackson. William H.. Kilgore. Joseph H.. 
Leonard. Robert W.. Madigan, Paul H., Mallory, Herbert W., 
Packer. Clifford E., Phillips. William J., Randies. Arthur E. S., 
Ross, William B., Shephard, Delana A., Sherstad, Conrad E.. 
Smith. Carlton P., Snyder. Forrest M., Tackley, Merrill J.. 
Thyfault, Oliver W.. Tymke. Hans, attached. Sergeants — 
Allen, Tyson. Anderson. Charles R., Barber. Everett H., Cohen, 
Aaron, Commas, Vidal R.. Curzon. Richard E., Dates, John, 
Delano, Arthur, Esty, Herbert W.. Goldfarb. Sammie M., Haw- 
kins, Dolph, Herkless, Hershel A.. Holes. Wilber W., Jones. 
Vance. Levy. Ben. Lewis. Lloyd L.. Ligfelt. George W., Old- 
ford, Albert G.. Oliphant, Cecil S., Porter. Ralph E., Rawson, 
Paris F., Reeves, George, Roberts, Linton, Rowe, Ray K.. 
Schwanz. Charles R.. Shannon. Lawrence P.. Shively, Alvin E., 
Tighe, Lee M.. Varney. William X.. Vaughan. James F. Wallen. 
Carl E., Willard. Che.ster E.. Wogan, Selmer F., Langsdale, 
John G. Chauffeur 1st Class — Porter, Frank C. Chauffeurs 
— Carruther, George A., Eisentraut, Nickalous. O'Donnell. John 
E., Orphan, Chester J.. William. Charles I. Corporals — 
Andrews, Joseph, Condefer, Henry. Conroy. Frank H. 
Dewhirst, Frank R., Emig, Russell L.. Gloer, James M., Grady. 
Boy C, Harrington, Ralph H., Horine, Victor C, Jr.. Johnson, 

Clarence H., Lasswell. John B.. Livingston, Elmer. McCaslin. 
Thomas R.. Montgomery. Everett J.. Neisel. Carl W.. O'Neil, 
Albert M., Rubinsky, Harry. Attached — Stewart. Robert W., 
Sullivan. Henry E.. Wickwire. tiiant T. Cooks — Hicox. Her- 
man \\'.. (iKilly, Roy K.. Satterly. Lewis S. Young. Adlai E. 
Privates 1st Class — -Butler. Walter M.. Clark. Arthur M.. 
Coburn. Willard E., DeBlasio, Leo, DeVoge, Paul A., Grogan, 
William B.. Hulce, Francis L.. Johnston, James E., Kennedy. 
Kenneth J., McGonigall, Harry C. Pegg. Joseph Henry. Pop- 
pendorfer. Henry J.. Pryor. Harry W., Slocombe, W. V., Jr. 
Privates — Boring. Earl G., Bourke. Russell L.. Brin. Xeon M., 
I'.rnwii. Frank W., Carey, Joseph E., Carlile. James A.. Carr, 
Anthony N., Carter. Cecil R.. Chambers. Joseph P.. Collbaugh, 
Ben L.. Cox. Howard R.. Crew. Seward B.. Cull. Duncan K.. 
Danyow. Leroy H.. Davis. Elmer S.. Day. Ivory C. DeGarmo. 
George R., Douglas, George L., Fleming. Albert C. Gay. 
Francis M.. Green, Chauncey H.. Green, Robert A., Griffith, 
Stanwood J., Hammond, Edgar J.. Harl. Hubert C. Hotchkiss, 
J. H.. Kindt. William L., King. Richard W.. Klug. Harry C 
Lee. Maurice L.. Lowndes. William. Maxwell, Phillip P., Mc- 
Donald, Glenn D., McHugh. Dewey S., McMahan, Roy M., Mc- 
Xulty, Samuel W.. Moldal, Julius A.. Moore, .lerry, Mullen, 
William. Olson. Ralph E.. Russell. Kenneth S.. Smith, Maynard, 
Smith, Robert W., Sorenson. Sigurd L.. TePoorten. Bernard A.. 
Windish, John R., Wright, W. C. 

Section 1, A. S. M. S., Subsection "A" 

Allison Raymond F.. Adkins, Harold M., Alton, Glenn H., 
Bachler, Leo H.. Baxter. Harry C, Bautz, Russell. Bell. Frank 
P.. Berwick. Edward R., Betanco, Frank L.. Bordhal. Ernest. 
Brockman. Percy J.. Brodie. John W.. Butterworth, Jos., Bohn, 
Alfred F.. Breslin. Fred W.. Brunson. Emery N.. Carbis. Geo. 
W., Clemo, William M., Colwell, Floyd O., Colwell, Frank J., 
Carter. Chas. J.. Christensen. Arthur. Clay. Roy S.. Cooney. 
John W.. Crandell, Norven J.. Commozzi, Edward, Connally. 
Victor B.. Crandall, Gay E.. Creamer, Edgar L.. Cyka, Anton 
J., Danley, Robert J., Daugherty, Ivan R.. Davidson. Douglas 
T.. Dale. Elmer C. Decker. Chas. W.. DeSalme. Orrin R.. Duval, 
Fay G., Eaks, Evan L.. Elder. Leonard D.. Englert. Elmer P.. 
Farner, Walter D., Fedor. Frank J.. Feccio, Frank, Fazendin. 
Edward J.. Feiler, Henry R.. Fitzsimmons, Thos,. Fredenberg. 
Albert C. Garden. Paul H., Garbe, Lloyd W.. Gifford, Jewell S., 
Graham. Chas. F., Gardener. Edwin. Hartnett. Paul. Haworth. 
Roscoe C, Hemrick, Kurt. Heineke, Emil M., Hernly. Alvin L.. 
Hoffman, William J.. Holt. Wm. J. B., Holtz. Geo. M.. Hon- 
stead. Roy L., Hoppnian. Fred W.. Howard. Chas. B.. Hull. 
Abner D.. Ingraham. Donald R.. Irvine, Clarence. Knight. 
William J.. Krieg. Lawrence A.. Lenon. Jas. R.. Lindberg, Ed. 
W., Livingstom, Geo. T., Lobdell. Raymond O., Lumstead, Geo. 
F., McIUwain, Francis. McClelland. Paul H., McCormick. 
Arthur B., Marks, John F.. Moorehead. Jas P., Moscoe, 
Treandapilo, Oldstead, Arnold W., Overing, William D., Parser, 
Ralph T., Peters. Galan H.. Reediger. Walter C. Scharbondy, 
Albin L., Stuart. Arthur. Solve, Alfred B., Sullivan, Ed. R.. 
Troutman. Arthur R.. Uhler, Geo. H.. Watson. John C. Van 
Pelt. Harold R.. Weeks. Robert W.. ■UTiite, Geo. B., Williams. 
Laird. Wilson. Fred. Zinser. Marion T., Akin. Gilbert M., Lind. 
Phillip M., Leslie. Sidney S.. Olson. Cyril S., Fitzsimmons. 
Robert J., Rowe, Earnest W.. Redman, Benj., Plynn. Maurice J.. 

Section 1, A. S. M. S., Subsection "B" 

Allen. Josepli K.. Ames. Charles A.. Anderson. Charles D.. 
Arkus. Jacob. Barker. Donald T., Baker. Nelton H.. Blaschkc. 
Alvin F, Borth, Harvy D.. Carlson. Harold A.. Closs, Willard 
E.. Dacey. Dean L.. Davis. John W.. Derry, Oscar W., Dickey, 
Luther H., Dion, Willard D„ Dover, Willard D.. Ebcrhart, Irvan 
J., Flick. Percey. Frager. Max, Gallagher. Clifford, Greer, 
Horace, Green, Russell. Gudmundson. Roy D., Guymon, Walter 
M., Harding. Edward G., Harrison. Clayton W.. Hicks. Jame.=; 
A., Hightower. Floyd C. Horn. Charles A., Hunt. Eugene B.. 
Jacobson. Ernest A.. Judd, Benjamin W., Keller. Virgil A., 
Kendig. Chester L., Kurkie. Irvin J., Landl, Adolph J., Layton, 
Charles E.. Little. Clair I.. Loebner, Harry, McAlko, Stephen. 
McAdow. Hugh. McCulIough. Arthur L.. Maddox, .Albert O., 
Mason. Charles E.. Mathews. John B.. Mathies. Edward F, 
Mernin, James H., Meyer, Herbert C. Miller, Rignald. Miller, 
Roy W., Mize. Charles D.. Moore. Franklin D.. Munson, LeRoy. 
Murphy, John P.. Narvaez, Raymon T., Neilson. Henry A., 
Xeltner, FVed J.. X'ovotny. Ernest F., Oberschelp. James B., 
O'Daniel, Irvin L.. Ogden, Robert G.. Pachter. Eli, Parkton, 
Wilber E., pascoe, Herbert C, Paschek, Francis, Penny, 
Wilber D., Peterson, Carl E.. Peterson, Edward, Petraborg. 



William O., Phillips. Clemment K., Pierce. Floyd C Plunil). 
Arthur C. princins. Herbert S.. Pryor. Leo Walter. Poulson. 
Carl R.. Raiforil. Loyd. Richmond. Charles P.. Robinson. 
Ceorge I.. Roihnell. .lames A.. Schilling. George S.. Servais. 
Percy J.. Sevening. Frank E.. Shaw. Harold R., Snodgrass. 
Frost D.. Stapp, Ruben T.. Steele. Roy I.. Stephenson. Warren 
W.. Stockton. Thos. L,.. Stryker. Adonios D.. Sullivan. Raymom'. 
H., .Sullivan. Raymond T.. Thomas, Percey W.. Tuckwood. 
Oscar W.. Vandeventer. Floyd. Washburn, K. Craig, Whiterkar. 
Fred J.. William. Howard M.. William. Frederick. Wolverton. 
Furmun B.. Yates. Walter S. 

Section 1, A. S. M. S., Subsection "C" 

Ailes, Hugh R., Allen. Leon C. Andrews. Clinton W.. 
Armstrong. Arthur E., Aughey. Harry F., Axford, Raymond J.. 
Barnes. Clarence E.. Barry, Frank, Bergstrom. Otto E.. 
Blacketer, Earl L., Bowen, Phelps C, Bowne, George J., Boyd. 
Frank M.. Brandt, Louis C, Brinn, RoUo B., Brokamp, Archie 
T.. Brown. Lero.v. Brown. Lozier V., Brown, William H., 
Carter, Maurice S., Chalk. Carrol M.. Corcoran, Robert E.. 
Coffland. Glen St. C. Conron. Victor L.. Costa. Albert E.. 
Covington. Chas. C, Cox, Norman R., Duwe, George W.. 
Faucher. Wilbur P.. Eggers, Henry R.. Fletcher, Berl, Fry, 
Samuel C, Gaball, John C. Gardner. R. Granville. Gottsteiii. 
Herbert C, gundlach. Clemens X.. Heinen. Robert. Hunnicutt. 
Harold W.. .Jensen. Henry JI.. Knoll. John J.. Knoop. John. 
Kyllingstad. Lawrence. Lambert. William M.. Lane. William 
H.. Lawrence. Vernal E.. Lay. Ewellt. Lein. Jacob B.. Lichen- 
stein, Phillip, McCarthy. John F.. McGlinn. Thomas D.. Malont, 
Mackey K., Miller, Dan L., Miller. Dominic J., Moors. William 
B.. Morgan. Dean P.. Morgan. Martin L.. Mull. Kenneth W.. 
Nally. Eugene F.. Nelson. Eric. Neuman. Clarence F.. Newton, 
.lames D.. Noetzel. Louis G.. O'Connell, Thomas B., O'Donnell. 
William H.. Parsons. Lawrence F., Peterson. Chas. O.. Peysen. 
Nicholas J.. Poland. Spigg. Poley. Joseph G.. Porter, Ernest E., 
Preston, John C, Preston, Norman C, Ragsdale, William B.. 
Redell. Edwin F., Reece, William E., Reimer, Harold E., 
Robinson, John D., Rose. Cecil I., Roth, George, Rutherford, 
liauia F.. Sanders. George D., Sanderson, Cam A., Schaaf. 
George W.. Schartz. Joe, Scheerschmidt, Carl W., Schultz. 
Joseph. Schultz, Sherman W., Schutz. Raymond M., Schwad, 
•lulian W., Sears. Albert T., Seawright, John A., Shaw, Amos 
J., Slump, Chas. J.. Sienka. Bart W.. Sisson. Rolland R.. Smith. 
Elmer E.. Smith. Harold E.. Spruiell. Joseph W.. Stotler. Willis 
F.. Jr.. Talpers. Joe. Taylor. Harold W.. Teeden. Joseph H., 
Tlmmler, Arthur. Tibbs. Charles B.. Tilton. Forest L.. Toman. 
Emerson. Tulchin. Samuel, L'tescher. Arno M.. Wallston. 
Albert, Whitaker, Ralph S., Williams, Claude E. 

Seclion 1, A. S. M. S. Sabsection "D" 

Alexanian. Hovsep, Bax, Lionel D., Bertie, Maurice F.. 
Button, Percy L., Cilly, Herbert W., Campbell, Earl F.. Camp, 
Charlie C, Coon. Carl M., Cawthone, Irvin M.. Clark. Robert 
P.. Cobb. Morgan H., Conn, Preston F., Corey. William E., 
Corners, V.'aiter E.. Dahl. Albert P., De Armond, Harold H.. 
Doing. Francis L., Downey. Gilles. De Long, Clive C, Foulis, 
Jack C, Franklin. Conrad, Freeland, John T.. Forstner, 
Theodore R., Gibbons, Thomas, Goalstone, Albert, Garrison, 
Seth O., Glammier, Fred C, Gray, Hugh R., Hanson, Trygve, 
Hasford, William J., Hall, Thomas J., Hand, Thomas J., 
Hayes. Robert E.. Heald. Joseph, Hill, Howard A., Holloway, 
Reginald O., Hull. Raymond H., Jacobson, Arthur D.. John 
son, Bernard F., Jones, Ralph L., Jordan, John H., Jensen, 
Hara.. Jones, John E., Jones. Myrle H.. Kaiser. Elmer H., 
Koubsky, John, Kardasenice, John R., Kwarcinski, Anton, 
Lacompte. Paul, Landers, Arthur S., Liston. Homer W.. Lydon, 
Joseph W.. Lagan. Francis A., Le Force, John D.. Mahannah, 
William R.. Marsh, Strewn. Merle. Jules, Morrisey, Michael J., 
Mozan, Zareth. McGahan, Thomas J.. Maher. Joseph W., 
Mallonnee, Howard D., McCarthy, Earnest J.. Mohring. Her- 
man H.. Neese. Carl O.. Nelson. Shirley P.. Norberg, Melvin 
E.. Nunes. Frank. O'Flaherty. Edwin. Nanni. Vito. Newbert. 
John M.. Jr.. Nielson. Walter B.. Nickerson. Willard V.. 
O'Leary. Walter A.. Perry. Van W.. Peters. James H.. Pierce. 
Chester L., Pierce. Clarence G.. Pommitt, Fred G., Potadle. 
Lawrence R.. Richards. Wynn G.. Richter. William S.. Ritter. 
Harold E., Ruchhoft, Millard W., Roth, John A.. Russell, 
Herbert, Rystrom. Raymond W., Sannee. Victor. Schaffer. 
Patrick K.. Schuniaker. Philip. Schroeder, Fred W.. Shinrock, 
Lisles. Suess, Francis A.. Schoenmehl. Carl N., Schank. 
Theodore, Schulky, Francis A.. Seligman, Harry, Slnsel. Harry 
E., Seymour, Francis O., Siert, Alvin H., Silverthorne. 
Theodore. Skriver. Anders. Smith, Hal W., Smith, Harold J.. 
Smith, Thorwald H., Smith. Kelson W.. Spoor, Deloss J.. 
Spicher. Elmer M., Swanson, Freddie O.. Tanncnbaum, Sally, 
Temple, Robert, Vallis, George C, Van Rooy. Weslie. Van 
Why. Charles. Upson. Lloyd C. Westervelt. Lewis. Weimer. 
John P.. Willis. Schuyler C. Wright. Warren B.. Wrightman, 
John P., Wailes, Norman A., Walker. James E., Wahlquist. 
Cyrus. Wegner. Carl O.. Wells. William H., Worley, Virgil P., 
Young. Tom. Merril. Frank S. 



mN rO.Ml'lLING the history of the School tor Bakers 
and Cooks, Kelly Field, Texas, the early problems 
of the Staff, which consisted of one Captain, one 
First Lieutenant and twelve Sergeants First Class, should 
be taken into consideration. They were those, which were 
confronted by almost every School Staff sent out to new 
fields of endeavor. These men were detailed on special 
duty from Fort Sam Houston and Camp Travis, Texas. 
They were assigned one store tent in the Second Training 
Brigade, and after borrowing a typewriter from Fort Sam 
Houston, and a desk from the Supply Office of the Brigade, 
opened the office for business in one end of the store tent. 
Seventeen officers, all of whom were second lieutenants, 
were detailed by the Commanding Officer of Kelly Field, 
to undergo a course of instruction in Mess Management, 
and ordered to report to the Officer in Charge. Classes 
were held for them, and they were taught practically and 
theoretically how to cut meat, cook aijd care for it, and 
also how to make dough and care for it, besides the other 
duties of a Mess Officer. 

The course was made compulsory for all Mess Ser- 
geants and cooks in the Field and certain tents, at con- 
venient places throughout the 
field, were designated as class 
rooms. Each division instructor 
would asseble his cooks off duty, 
both morning and afternoon, fur 
theoretical instruction. 

.March 28th. 1918. orders were 
given to tear down the store tent 
in which the School Office and 
Sleeping Quarters were located, 
and Mess Hall No. 67 was used 
as a class room and quarters in 
which place the School continued 
its work until June 19th, 1918, 
when it moved into its magnifi- 
cient quarters, which were es- 
pecially erected for it on the 
Capl. J. F. CROSSON corner of Quartermaster Road 

and Headquartf rs Street. From this time on school work 
was reorganized systematically. In the east end of the 
Cooking Department Barracks provision was made for a 
class room; one of the finest in furnishings, equipment 
and exhibits. Here the student learns the Range, its care, 
and the evolution of the various food stuffs from their 
creation until they are prepared for human consumption. 

As the physical features of the Camp changed, so also 
the method of instruction necessarily was changed by the 
Officer in Charge and his assistants, which greatly assisted 
in bringing the messes to the highest degree of efficiency 
in kitchens and dining halls, the improvement in the 
preparation and serving of the meal, the value of proper 
nutrition, and sanitation amplified by personal cleanliness. 

That some idea of the work accomplished by the School 
may be thoroughly understood the records show that since 
its institution there have been graduated from the Students 
enrolled, approximately one hundred Mess Officers, one 
hundred and sixty-five Mess Sergeants, and twenty-two 
hundred Cooks. 

This record clearly 
accomplished, and it 
the credit for the excellent 
Messes Kelly Field organizations 
have been favored with is direct- 
ly traceable to the School for 
Bakers and Cooks. 

The following are the different 
departments that have been de- 
veloped since the School has 
moved into its new home: Plan- 
ning Dept., Improvement Dept., 
Cost and Maintenance Dept., Per- 
sonnel Dept., Supply Dept., De- 
partment of Instruction and 
Practical Instruction Dept. 

indicates the scope of the work 
may be added that much of 

I.ieut. G. M. GERRIE 



rrrjI'TH an humble beKinninjj in a small ten by ten 
I' 'J room, and with a mere handful of capable assistants, 
BsMl Captain C. H. Maranville (now major) originated 
(he Kelly Field Trade Test Board in the early part of 
October. 1917. It was largely due to their untiring and 
concentrated efforts that one of the most efficient and 
successful Trade Test Boards in the United States — and 
we might say. the whole world — was organized. The pre- 
sent organization occupies four large builuings and has a 
personnel of 150 enlisted men and four officers. 

Captain C. H. Maranville enlisted in 1914 with the 
First Aero Squadron when it was organized at San Diego. 
Cal.. and served with this squadron in Mexico. He was 
commissioned as Second Lieutenant at Essington, Pa., 
in 1916. Afterward he attended the Army School at Fort 
Leavenworth. Kansas, was later detailed to the Aviation 
Section and promoted to rank of Captain. He was one of 
the designers of the first machine shop truck ever used in 
the Army, and this same truck was used in active field 
service in Me.xico with the First Aero Squadron. 

Every soldier upon entering Kelly Field was required 
to take a trade test, and in this manner his qualifications 
were found, and he was then placed where his services 
would be of the most value to the Army. Up to January 
9, 1919, 90.040 men had been given this trade test. The 
largest number of men ever trade tested in a single day 
was approximately 1600, the Board working fourteen hours 
on that day. 

In the trade testing of a man, he was given both an 
oral and a practical examination: and the method was as 
follows: The soldier was first sent to the Classification 
Room where he was questioned by a commissioned officer 
as to his civilian occupation. The officer then directed 
him to an examiner in that occupation. This examiner 
then gave the soldier the oral test, asking the length of 
time worked at his trade, by whom employed, wages re- 
ceived, extent of schooling, etc. When the oral examina- 
tion had been completed the examiner gave a grade on the 
qualification card and referred the man to the practical 

To illustrate the practical examination, we will cite 
the case of a man giving his civilian occupation as 
chauffeur: He goes to the practical examiner, and is 
then questioned as to the makes of cars he has driven, 
what he knows about repairs, etc., and he is then required 
to demonstrate his ability by actually driving a car. He 
is required to do the starting, etc.. and during the oper- 
ation the examiner is noting with just what degree of 
efficiency the man is shifting the gears, steering, etc. The 

examiner then rates the card. The rating will be either A. 
J or E: A. meaning apprentice; J being journeyman, or 
fairly good: and E meaning excellent. After being graded 
the soldier is directed to return to his organization and 
await instructions. And so on; each soldier is required 
to demonstrate his skill in any of the 61 trades required 
in Aviation. 

This operation being completed, the soldier's qualifi- 
cation card (the card on which the results of his practical 
and oral examination has been noted) is turned over to 
the main Trade Test office and there edited and classified 
by an officer. These cards are then sent to the Post 
Personnel Office, where they are tabbed and filed and kept 
as a permanent record. 

The examiners on the Trade Test Board were selected 
from the enlisted personnel of the Field, each man being 
an expert in his line — many of these men are qualified to 
examine in several trades. These men were kept on this 
special work permanently, and much of the success of the 
Trade Test Board has been due to their undivided efforts. 

On July 28. 1918. Major Maranville was promoted to 
(he position of Post Personnel Adjutant of Kelly Field. 
Captain Harry V. Hand. Supply and Production (Officer 
of the Trade Test Board, succeeded Major Maranville as 
Officer in Charge. 

On January 10, 1919, Captain Hand was assigned to 
other duties. Lieut. C. J. Doheny, who had come to this 
organization a year previous as a private, succeeding him. 

In July. 1918, it was deemed necessary to recruit men 
for the Aviation Section. For this purpose ten detach- 
ments of ten men each, were picked from the examiners 
on the Board and sent to the larger cities in the United 
States. In connection with their duties of recruiting, they 
gave each recruit a preliminary trade test to determine his 
fitness to be sent to an Aviation camp. This work was 
carried out very successfully. These Boards returned to 
their duties on the Trade Test Board in the early part of 
November. 1918. 

On the whole, trade testing has been one of the most 
vital cogs in the machinery of War. and especially has it 
been valuable to the highly specialized branch of the 
Aviation at Kelly Field. The hearty co-operation of both 
officers and enlisted men. and their untiring efforts at all 
times, has been largely responsible for the unquestioned 
success of the Kelly Field Trade Test Board. 

The Trade Test Board has served to place the man 
where he was best fitted; and success, such as was ours in 
the winning of the war. was due to the placing of the right 
man on the right job. 





TSSIBLY one of the most important departments 
ciptrating on Kelly Field is the Medical Department. 
While distinct from the Air Service, still its work 
here warrants special commendation. 

Shortly after Kelly Field was established need was 
recognized for a Medical Department, for although the 
facilities for a splendid Base Hospital were available at 
Fort Sam Houston, only about eight miles away, cases 
often develop, accident and otherwise, which demand im- 
mediate attention. Thus on June 1st. 1917. Capt. John 
R. Oswalt arrived at Kelly, being sent here from Wash- 
inton to lay the foundation for the establishment of a 
hospital system here. Captain Oswalt's endeavors along 
this line were augmented by the arrival at this time of 
Sgt. Verne Wheeler, lately returned from the Phillipines. 
a man experienced in organization and of executive ability. 
Among the many innovations which he established here 
are the first Infirmary, consisting of a tent and a Field 
Medical Chest. Also to him may be given the credit for 
the present system of receiving and handling all recruits:, 
giving them their smallpox and typhoid innoculation. and 

Major R. H. Strong. Lt. Col. L. H. Bauer and Major R. F. Longacre 

the admirable system of cross filing at iires( nt in u.-^e in 
the Surgeon's Office 

In September. 1917, the first modern and well equipped 
hospital was opened this being in the Flying Department. 
The building contained modern operating rooms, laboratory, 
dispensary, two wards, kitchen, dining room and offices. 
At the time, it was known as the "Camp Hospital." being 
the only one on the field. Now. however, since the large 
and up-to-date hospital buildings known as the Main 
Hospital have been erected in Kelly No. 1, the former 
"Canii) Hospital" has become known as "Hospital. Flying 
Department." M:ijor .Sherwood was Post Surgeon when 
this little building was dedicated and built up a wonder- 
ful organization there. Later, when the new Main Hospila' 
was opened, this became the Post Surgeon's principal 
charge, and the little hospital at Kelly No. 2 is now only 
operated as a department of the Main Hospital. 

He was succeeded by Major Louis H. Bauer, the present 
Post Surgeon, under whose efficient direction the Medical 
Department has reached its perfection. During the recent 
influenza epidemic. Kelly Field stood foremost in military 
circles as most successfully combating the plague, llecog 
riizing the character and ejuality of Major Bauer's work 
here . he was awarded thr commission of Lieut. -Colonel, 
and he holds thi.-^ rank at the present time. 

The Main Hospital ccmprises a beautiful, new grouji 
cf buildings at the junction of the Frio City Koad and the 
Quartermaster Depot Koad. just opposite the Main Post 
Office. They are mod<rn in every respect and inside 
and out are products of all that is best and latest in 
(he Medical world. An exceptionally fine retinue of 
physicians and nurses are in constant attendance and 
cases of every nature are treated there and major oper- 
ations performed. The hospital has a capacity of 100 

The Branch Hospital, also located in Kelly No. 1., 
lias proved to be a very necessary adjunct to the Field. 
:ind especially during the recent infUienza epidemic it 
proved its worth, its work spreading out to such an extent 
that nearly all the barracks along the Frio City Road were 
utilized as wards. 

The efficiency of the Department may be best attested 
lo by its works. Out of 2412 cases of influenza treated 
3.i3 developed pneumonia. But notwithstanding this, the 
deaths which occurred were only 52. an amazingly low 
figure, and a per centage. not equaled by any other" Field 
or Camp in the United States. During the height of the 
scourge both doctors and nurses (the latter referred to 
as angels by the men) worked day and night and in several 
cases sacrificed their own lives, so enthusiastic were they 
in their work. 

The officers and enlisted personnel of the Medica' 
Department in Kelly Field are as follows: 


Lieut. -Colonel — i;uu,i. I..,, us II, Majors — l.onfjaon- Kay- 
niiiii.l F., Williams, Ferry e:.. Kollock, cliarle.s W., Strong. 
Kolr.rt .■^.. Daniel R., Mcl^ake. William. Repp, Dale E 
CaptainB — Wilkinson, .John C, Lains. William W Shinier 
William S., Meyst, Charle.s H., Clarke. Joseph J , .liirgens 



Henry .1., Drisdale. William E.. Puekett, Cai'I, Glascock, 
Robert r,.. Craven, L. U. Bryan, Thomas F., Caldwell, Herbert, 
Nooe, John F., Schniid, Henri, Lackey, Joseph W., Barrow, 
Bernard, Collins, Edward E., Smith, Clinton K.. Loper, 
Cleveland S., Mark, Kenneth L., Noble. Robert P., Bell, Robert 
VV., Terrell, Caleb O., Chaff in, Charles P., Urner, Martin H., 
Barry. Raymond S.. Robinson, Dutch K.. Hooper. John M., 
Weber, Timothy C, Beeby, Robert J,. Llovd, Henry C, Bokhof, 
David H.. Mitchell. Samuel E.. CuUi. George O., Haines, 
William H., Gage, Shirley C, Brown. Joseph L., Hisey. Ja\- 
M., Spies, Chas. W. A. First Lieutenants — Willev. Gordon F.. 
Hanley, Harry H., Coats. Charl.s ('., llnlland. Martin L.. 
Comer. Monte C. Pumphrey. Jo.siah .M.. Ga.skell. Ray. Dobrin. 
Max, Dunham. Royal W., Stale, Enoch C, I^evv, Maurice, 
Jacobs, Louis L., Housell, Charles L., Evan.s, William H.. 
Miller, Otis 1'"., Smith, John E., Randel, Harvey U., Wade, 
Lisby. L., Fleming, William S.. Crawford, Jame's H., Bush, 
Loyal M., c;raf, Carl H., McLean, William J., Roy, Kirby A., 
Riddle, Howe K., Pugh. William W., Herndon, Jesse' 11., 
Phillips, James H.. Parish, 1. M., Luke, James M. J., Milnei-. 
liobert M., Cryer, George A.. Yeager, Charles P.. Gilbert, 
Robert E.. McWilliarn.s Charles A.. Stracban, Harry M.. 
Davidson, Joseph S., McBride, James T., Lauderdale, Thoma' 
L., Kushton. James S.. Locker. Harry L.. King. Franklin B., 
Smith, Freii M.. Wilson, Donald R., McWhorter, Port, Gober. 
William M. J., Patterson, Robert F., Atkinson. Paul G., Heml- 
erson, Raymond D.. Ochs, Leon N. Holgate, Charles E.. Meck- 
stroth. Henry L., Cobb. Fred A., Benner, Wm. H., McConneli. 
John A., Courie. Wadie F.. Hnnderman. Edward D., Nisbei, 
Douglas H., Mohler, David H.. Montenyohl. Edward A.. 
Schenck, Herbert C, Causty, Frederick A., Wimberley, Homer 
A., Pendleton, Fayette D., Campbell, Virgil M., O'Brien, 
Donavan A.. Gaedcke. Henry E. Jr.. Mills. Ray T., Bosworth. 
King A., Stranathan. William. Bartels, Henry A.. Kerne, 
Samuel P., Miller, William H.. Pollock. Adolph A.. Ulen. Hall. 
Herold. Charles R., Peak, Reuben T.. Crawford, Warren L., 
Hays. I''h,yd A., McNinch. Joseph S., Tailiell, llaivev u. 
Second Lieutenants — Slater. Maynard E. Hospital Serg-eants — 
Duvall. Joseph H.. Bonham. Vaughn B. Serg-eants 1st Class — 
Patton. Joseph W.. Kannon. Lawrence H., Lannins. i.)li\er c. 
Brown. Landon R.. Richardson, Harley H.. Kemp. Huyh. 
Cochran. John A.. Staiiffenberg. Henry A., Sunberg. Sol. 
Lovette, Paul V. Mess Serg-eant — Nead. William F. Sergeants 
— King, B.^■ron L.. stnddard. chailes L.. Cle\ enger. .I.iseph W.. 
Clark. Claytcm J., Glorch, Roy C, Morlan. Ora S.. Lockwoo<l. 
Arthur C'., dayman. Jack, Hoglund, Herbert P.. Schreiber. 
Carl E.. Edwards. Ira C Hafemeister. Harvey A.. Moulds. 
George. Howard. Frank J.. Kreinman. Sam G., Dohanian, 
Senekerini M,, Brooks. Leo E., Finley. Max. Mevn. Gustav L.. 
Pickett, Henry I!., Hridston.. Selmer. Price. Silas l'\. Hiner, 
Russell H., Gerber. Ralidi, Guba, Louis, Frost, Courtland. Mc- 
I'hee, Frank W.. Billig. l.loyil A.. Eckenbreclit. .Mlierl ('.. Davis. 
Waller C, Boyd. Jolm A., Bryson. l^hillip J. Corporals — Young. 
Leonard, Cook, William A., Tyner, William F., Knapp, Williati. 
H., Yates, Melvin B., Frederick, John, Bora, Edward J., Gulieh. 
John C., I'rowe. Malteyard R.. O'Hanlon. Lawrence H., 
Bertrand. .\rthur J., Brown. Charles M., Gies, Richard A., Jr. 
Menke, Ben ,J., Ott, Wilbert F.. Raymond. Charles M.. Harlow. 
Warren H.. Friedberg, Charles, Gormlev. .lohn M.. Heii- 
.•-■chneider. Joseph l'\. Baleh. Harold, Chadwick, Jenner II., 
Collins, Thomas J., Morris, Joseph, Turtier, Carl W., Hausman. 
Walter, Rose, Gustavus .\.. Martin, , lames W., I'askey. 
Thomas W., Dinsmoore, Myron D., liawrence, Starr V., 
Baker. George L. Cooks — Teslow. Walter M., Tveit, Mikkel 
O.. Hesse, Onzie. Mi'.zimberg, Ra\. Richards. <;.c.rge D., 
Jtichards, Thomas D., Baker, Best, laPHlyrin, i:,l\vaVd L., 
Buis, Ralph V.. Barnes. Will H. Privates 1st Class — .Vllen. 
Ervine V., Arington, Jesse S., .^rington, Sam G.. .Vversti, 
l'as(iual J.. Bartholowmew. Ralph 1'.. Barnett, James B.. 
Benedict, James A.. Bradwell. Charles. Brals. Ivan A., Brown, 
g, George M„ Bukvich, t)tto S.. Burn.,;. 

Howard J.. Byrge. Cholatus. Cash, Colmor 
J., Chambers, Arthur. Collins. Marion H.. 

Cunningham, Charles F. W., Davenport, 

Leo. Dixon, Newton E., Dorman. Samuel. 

DurmdI. David D., Dver. Arhie. Ebert, 

Ewart S., Eisfeller, Robert C. Edwards. 

Perry C, Fergason. Samuel L.. Francisco. 
Fritz. Rudy R.. Frudd. Herbert H.. Fult/.. James. 
Garrett. Lee R., Gazella. Louis A., Gildersleeve, Lee E.. Grady. 
William D.. Green, Fred L.. Goodrich. George S.. Harmon 
Charles S.. Hawthorne. Harold T.. Heifren, Eddie H., Hill, 

Fred R., Biowniii 
Charles E, Burtch, 
J., Cecil. Clarence 
Cooper. Alvin G.. 
Cecil M., Diamant, 
Duncan. David N.. 
George. Edwards. 
William C. Elliott. 

.lesse B.. Hodges. Fred E.. House. Harry G.. Irwin. Charles L.. 
Jakowsky. William A.. Johnson. .Albert N., Johnston. William 
K., Kattenhorn, Roy C, Kei-nan, James R., Kellv Edwin. 
Keithley. William H.. Kennedy, Lester M., Koehler. Gilbert 
F.. Koesterer. Fred P.. Langager. Miller. LaReau. George D.. 
Lindholm. George W.. Linville, Orville D., Ludwig. Matthew 
A,. Makow-sky. .\lbert A.. Malcolm. George B., Martin Llovd. 
McCoy. LIrsa D.. McGregor. Rodney. Meara. Charles C 
Mercier. Milton P.. Mitchell. Charles. Meyers. Luther P.. 
Nixon. Gerald L.. Noel. James R.. Norton. Edward H.. Paris. 
Dolphis N.. Peterson. Frank G.. Pleumer. Harry Quinlivan, 
Harry E.. Rayling. Norbert E.. Rehder. Herman P.. Renw-ick, 
Edward V., Rickbiel. Raymond E., Ridgewav, Albert W.. 
Rodgers, John D.. Schapiro. Harry. Schrock. Waldo E., 
Rhoades, Clinton M.. Shaffer. Paul. Seller. Guv C. Shelly, 
John J.. Siders. Roscoe. H., Simpson. William M.. Simpson. 
William N., Sloan. Willis J., Smaldoni. George. Smeleer, 
Theron E.. Smith. Jay L.. Smith. Roy W.. Steele. John L. 
Sweeney. Harold. J.. Taylor, Ross A., Thaxton Clinton R.. 
Tierney. Thomas F., Tiner. John E.. Tippett. James H.. 
Trudell. Herbert A., Walher, Gerald J.. Watson, Henrv L.. 
Werner, Albert R.. Whetsel. Charles W.. Womack, Cluirlcs 
H., Yalowitz, Henry, Yocum, Vern V., Yonevich, .\lexander. 
Zimmerman. Harry R.. Zwickert, Frank L. Privates — Adams. 
Rodney L.. Asher. Ernest A.. Austin. Charles F.. Beagan. 
Thomas P.. Bentley. Richard I.. Berry. John F.. Biggers. James 
O. W., Boram, Roy L., Boswell, Perry, Boudreau. John H.. 
Boyd. Ralph. Brayman. Carl C, Brice. Nunnellv H., Briscoe 
Henry C. Britt. Clarence C. Britt. Willian'i C. Brooks, 
Clarence S.. Carter. Charles C Carter. Lew P.. Chastain. 
Levy C, Childs, Raymond W.. Clendenning. Arthur O.. Conner. 
Paul E.. Conner. Walter L.. Cooper. Eddie R.. Cox. Don M.. 
Cron. Herman. Daugherty. Claude J.. Day. John T. DeBaun. 
Vernon O., Dyke, Hugh E., Eden. William B.. Ellis. Rufus D.. 
Erstad. Edw in F., Erstad, Oscar M.. Evans. George E.. Farring- 
ton, Montague S.. Feddersen. Emil. FIvnn. Michael J Ford. 
Albert H.. Frank. John, h riedland. Gustav S.. Friend. ' Loui.s. 
Frost, Hugh A., Fulks, Sherman, Gamage. Leiand. Gasawav. 
Alvis B.. Gauenas. William. Glass. George. Goosetree. Walter 
W.. Graper. Walter L.. Green. Samuel, Grimsley. John I".. 
Harr s. I'Yed C. Harrison. Paul. Hatcher. Willie G. Havs Ber 
Hazel, Raymond, Hitchcock, Robert W., Honea. GeoVge M 
Houck. Gerald G.. Howard. Claude. Hurst. Fred. Hutchcson. 
Beryl J.. Isenberg. Isaac. Johnson. James P.. Jones. Frank. 
Katterjohn. Herman E.. Kennedy. Joe D.. Kindlev. Joseph W.. 
King. George H.. Kranzberg. William. Landers. Bruce. Latham. 
Fred li.. Lathan. Lloyd, Lloyd, Walter E.. Louis. Harry H . 
Lowe, Cuthbert C, Luigi. Vidale. Malcolm. Connie A.. Malcolm. 
lioy F., Marable. James W.. Marando. .Salvatore. Marco. James 
J., Mark. Thomas D.. McAulife. Leo J.. McCarlhv. Lawrenc" 
.].. McCollough. Weyman J., McGintv, Edwin,' McKinnon 
.Archie S,. McKinnon. Henrv C. McNultv. Luther. Mevcr. 
.\rnold O., Meyer, Fritz, Mobley, Coleman R.. Xehring, Grant. 
Xeueder. Frank X.. Niemeyer. l^dgar I!.. Nissen. Willie P... 
-Xoble. Frank (!.. Norris. Henrv H.. Nuccio. Salvatore. Odeganl 
E.. Oliva. Domenico. Olson. Alfred N.. Olson, .\slijorn. 
Geo. L., Padgett, .Arthur. Parsley. David .\.. Pa'lerson. 
G.. Patton. Fred. Paulson. Martin K.. Perrv. Win. O.. 
K. Joliii. Peters, Claude A., Poole. John G.. Poore. Ozzie 
It.. Price. Roy L., Pruitt. Luther K.. Query. Ernest J.. Reeves. 
Thomas L. R.. Reener. Willie, Rodine. John l^.. Ross, Ravmo >i. 
.M.. Rumph, Carl E.. Ruppert. Stanlev .\.. Sanders. Hugh R.. 
Selnuin. lOmmett. P.. Shelafo. John. Slioiwell. David A.. 
Slanec. .losejih A., Smith. Ernest W,. Smith. Robert M 
Spencer, William T.. Steiihens. Harrison, Swagger Ney l" 
Swanson, Oscar C, Tliiel, Leo E., Tilton. Sanimie 'G..'Toncradi" 
Ciro. Vaught. .Vrchie W.. Vendilto. Tonv. Vig"eau. Edwani 
L.. Vincent. Ernest W.. Weathers. Frank C. Weger Waiter 
Weiss, Thomas, Werre, Frederick R.. Whicker. John T Whit,> 
Edgar M., Wier, Ernest W.. Wilcox. Clarence S.. Wilds Joh-, 
F. Williams. Benjamin D.. Williams, Gladys L., Williams, 
Marion S., Wilson, .lames B., Wimberlev. Andrew N.. Wolfe 
Joyce C. Wright. Dave. .Armstrong. Wiiliam. Rarnev, Joseph 
J.. Bell. John H.. Bostwick. William Jr.. Bradlev. Marion L. 
Briggman. William X.. Buckles. Dean, Critchlev. Arthur D 
Daily. Christopher E.. Day. Roger T.. Duke. Louis P.. FaggI 
Roy. Flickinger. Emerson R.. Hartnitt. I{ov. Herman .Albert 
.1.. Huddleston. Claude T.. Hurst. William." Lamson. Roy H.. 
-camoii. Melville V.. Leonard. E.iward C... Manning. Joseph 
K.. Moravek. Tom. Roberts. Richard F.. Rosenbloom. Louis J.. 
Rotter. Urban L.. Smith, Don F,. Torrence. Mathias G.. 
Wallish. Lawrence. 




Kplly Field on Septeml)er 23rd, 1918. by Capt. J. C. 
Tiireck. of tlie U. S. Signal Corps. Capt. Tureck 
was placed in direct supervision over the following depan- 
nients: Military Police. Provost Guard. Prisoners. Police 
of the Field. All Fatigue Details and Instruction of Guards, 
en November 7th. 1918. He was also appointed Field Fire 
Marshal, relieving Major S. S. Hanks, who was assigned 
to the post of Demobilization Officer. 

The following officers are on duty with the Provost 
Marshal: 1st Lieut. Earl Chadwell. in charge of the 
Military Police; 2nd Lieut. Monroe Huit, Prison Officer: 
2nd Lieut. Woodard C. Riley. Detail Officer: 2nd Lieut. 
Constan Jensen. Asst. Fire Mar.^hal, Military Police and 
Police Officer of Kelly No. 1; 1st Lieut. Edward Schu- 
macher. Asst. Fire Marshal and Police Officer of Keliy 
No. 2. 

Capt. Tureck is a man of wide and varied Military 
experience. In all he has seen over 20 years service. He 

served four years in Cviba and four and one-half years In 
the Philippines as an enlisted man. His longest term of 
service with any one branch of the Military Forces was 
seventeen and one-half years, which time he spent in the 
Cavalry. He was one and one-half years with the First 
Aero S(iuadrnn as an enlisted man. He was transferred 
as a First Sergeant from "L" Troop. 1st Cavalry to the 
First Aero Squadron on July 1st, 1916. Then he was 
commissioned from the rank of M. S. E. (Master Signal 
Electrician) at Kelly Field and assigned to Langly Field, 
Va.. making the trip from here to Washington as Ad- 
ministrative Head of the Operations Section. He received 
his commission as 1st Lieut.. A. S. S. C, in August. 1917. 
and was promoted to a Captaincy on February 19th, 1918. 
He was transferred back to Kelly Field on September 11th. 
1918, and has been stationed here ever since. During the 
stormy times with our southern neighbors Capt. Tureck 
w-as a member of the punitive expedition and entered 
Mexico with General Pershing. Capt. Tureck is a 32 degree 



ELLY FIELD has a fire department second to no 
other army camp department in the country. On 
August 20, 1917. the first Fire Department was 
organized, consisting of one hand-drawn, 50-gallon, chemical 
wagon, drawn by four men. This was located in a little 
tent back of the Officers' Mess in the Training Brigade, 
in Kelly No. 1. Later, several other little companies and 
pieces of equipment of like order were put into service, 
but it was not until June. 1918. that the department was in 
possession of enough modern chemical trucks and up-to-date 
motor fire engines to warrant the name of a strictly 
modern department. At this time Fire Chief McAlpin. a 
man of long experience with the fire department in Okla- 
homa City, Oklahoma, was placed in charge, and from 
that time until the present improvements have been added 
and valuable additions have been iriade to the departmental 
operations which have proved very valuable. 

The department has answered many alarms but the 
largest fire was probably that at Kellytown, when several 
large business places were burned. The San Antonio De 

partment also an.swered this alarm, but the Kelly Field 
Department rendered the most valuable service, being on 
the ground first. A large hangar fire in the Airplane 
Mechanics School and the Knights of Columbus building 
were also two of the fires on the Field which gave the fire- 
men an opportunity to demonstrate their skill. 

The alarm system is perfect. Alarm boxes are station- 
ed at close intervals all over both fields and properly 
marked with red lights. An alarm turned in rings two 
gongs in the proper station, lights the lights and puts 
things in operation. By means of the Globe Quick Hitch 
suits the men can dress and clear the station within 15 
seconds after an alarm is received. 

The officers in charge of the department since its in- 
stitution have been many. Lieut. -Col. Goodrich was the 
first in charge and he was followed by Lieut. Col. Brant. 
After several other changes in departmental heads Major 
S. S. Hanks was placed in charge. He served up until 
recently, when he was relieved and assigned to other duty, 
Capt. John C. Tureck succeeding him. 




;QUESTING the managing editor of a newspape"- 
to write the obituary of his offspring is one of 
those delightful little incidents which oftimes arist- 
in army life and inasmuch as compliance with orders has 
been one of the best attributes of a good soldier, there is 
nothing to be done but indulge in a few remarks cor- 
ceining the why and the what of the Kelly Field Eagle, 
a paper which claims a backbone but no conscience. 

The Kelly Field Eagle, although a Pioneer in Armj 
Camp newspaper history, is not unlike the others of its 
kind which sprang up like mushrooms shortly after the 
entry of the United States into the war, and although the 
first number of the Eagle was undertaken more or less 
as an experiment, subsequent editions and increasing 
popularity resulted in the establishment of a camp news- 
paper on a substantial basis. Since its inception las' 
April, 1918, the Kelly Field Eagle has never run an edition 
at a financial loss although incompetent business manage- 
ment at one time placed the paper in grave peril. 

The Eagle first began publication in April, 1918, under 
the auspices of the Publicity Department, a department 
which was one of the first of its kind ever established in 
any military camp. This department was ordered into 
action under a special memorandum issued by Col. G. V. 
S. Quackenbush, then Commanding Officer of the Field 
and 2nd Lieut. Tom Poe, a former Little Rock newspaper 
man was placed in charge. Lieut. Poe combed the Field 
for men who had had previous newspaper experience ancl 
selected from, a considerable number of applicants tho.= e 
men who had had Metropolitan training. 

Sgt. Howard R. Bangs, who had been with the New 
York Tribune, and whose newspaper experience alon& 
inanagtment lines had been fairly broad, was delegated 
to edit the Eagle and he immediately set to work to 
organize a staff. The first number was more or less the 
work of about three men and it was issued under rather try- 
ing circumstances due to the fact that being a new institu- 
tion on the field, the matter of censorship and contents were 
a grave concern. Military regulations as to the publi 
cation of news were so strict at that time that it was 
almost impossible to get anything by. The editors of 
the paper were exponents of a policy which would keep 
the enlisted men and officers informed of everything which 
was of importance to their welfare, while on the other 
hand the War Department had its own views on the 

The Kelly Field Eagle does not claim that its influence 
had any direct bearing on the sudden revolution of 
publicity ideas which enveloped Washington, but it does 
believe that its influence coupled with that of the other 
army papers, was a potent factor in developing the new 
idea in the army. 

The Kelly Field Eagle was fortunate in having as 
members of its staff men who were specialists in theii 
line. Sgt. Dennis B. McCarthy, a cartoonist who had long 
been well-known in newspaper circles, immediately began 
to develop a series of what might be termed "punch" 
cartoons, with the result that his work was soon copied 
extensively. Sgt. Roy C. Elmendorf, Sporting Editor and 
the man who wrote "Side-slips and Tale Spins," a column 
of humorous matter was another one of the chief con- 
tributors to the Kelly Field Eagle's success. 

From April until August the Eagle went along with 
few changes. On the 21st of August Captain Fred J. 
White, who had been Commanding Officer of the 324th 

Aero Squadron, succeeded Lieut. Poe as Publicity Officer 
m charge of the Eagle. It was found with Captain White's 
entrance into office that a considerable reorganization of 
the Eagle was vitally necessary and although the editoria; 
staff was held virtually intact, there was a complete re- 
organization of the business department, with the result 
that Sgt. First Class George H. Righter, now dead, a 
business organizer of prominence in civil life, succeeded 
Sgt. First Class George T. Oveton, as business manager 
of the Eagle. 

From the time of the change the Kelly Field Eagle 
became a warranted success in all lines and it was gen- 
erally conceded both at home and abroad that the Kelly 
Field paper was the largest and the most versatile of all 
the army camp papers. 

When the call to Officers Training Camps came in 
the Eagle suffered very heavily, nearly every member of 
the editorial staff being called to camp. It was again 
necessary to re-organize the staff with the result that the 
Eagle again managed to re-establish itself after combing 
the field for new;papermen. 

On Sunday, December 7th, 1918, the Eagle suffered 
one of its greatest losses in the death of its Business 
Manager, Sgt. 1st Class George H. Righter. Sgt Righter's 
death followed an attack of Influenza which developed into 
pneumonia. Since that time Captain White in addition 
to his other duties has assumed the business manager.=hip 
of the paper. 

From an advertising point of view the Eagle has 
always been a marked success. The first Advertising 
manager was Pvt. George B. Barnhill, a New York agency 
man, but he was sent to California for trade test duty on 
Recruiting Service and was succeeded by Sgt. Righter who 
acted as Advertising Manager along with his other duties. 
In the advertising department Sgt. 1st Class Jake F. 
Thomas, an Oklahoma City newspaperman, and Pvt. 
William E. Jones worked with marked distinction. 

The Christmas number of the Eagle, 52 pages in all 
and beyond a doubt the largest camp newspaper ever 
published contained several thousand dollars worth of 
advertising which was almost the sole work of Private 

One of the busses that helped shorten the distance between 
Hangar No. 24, Flying Department and the Training Brigades al 
Kelly No. 1. A fifteen minute service has been efficiently 
maintained, with huge passenger busses and these small Ford trucks 



f™|rril the stroke of a pm that gave official recognition 
L\l '" °"'' "^ "^*" '"'"^' ""'<1"6 projects ever launched in 
^^1 Imp United States Army, or in fact any Army, the 
Ktlly i'"ield Amusement Unit first saw the lisht of day on 
May 1st. 1917. "The greatest thing that ever happened" 
was the verdict of the boys in the green andblack hat 

In its Amusement Unit the big aviation camp has a 
polcnt weapon in the warfare against dull care. It has 
erased eventless nights from the weekly schedule, provided 
relief from the mental depression that is wont to accompany 
idleness and given the men something new and interesting 
10 narrate and describe in their letters home. II has become 
a vital f"ii'r i;' the life of the reservation. 

Lieut. Samuel B. Jacobson. 
was appointed to seek out and 
segregate all men with enter- 
taining ability and this Is the 
way he went about it. He con 
ducted an exhaustive inspection, 
swiftly but systematically, of the 
trade test cards. This done, he 
summoned before him the men 
whose cards he had selected. 
Then began a hurried, but 
analytical questioning of the 
subject, with a view to aji- 
proving or rejecting the candi 

Thus was the canvass of 
l.iiiil. S. B. JACOBSON the entire Field conducted; 
thus was taken the initial important step toward the 
creation of Kelly Field's amusement unit. Theii there 
followed a most engro.-sing stage of development — the try- 
outs. Th=£e were conducted along the same lines as are 
those which the public in almost any large city has enjoyed 
witnessing on the occasion of an "amateur night." except 
that there was no public there to do any witnessing, nor 
was there In evidence any subject of the vegetable kingdom 
which traditionally has figured conspicously at such events. 
Candidates were classified according to their peculiar 
talent and then ordered uj) ihe stage individ\ially tn prove 
each his own merit. 

And so the Field was fine-combed until every man in 
it who had even the least pretensions as a performer was 
interviewed and in organization was built up that is 
known in camp circles all over the Army. The Kelly Field 
Amusement Unit has a reputation now. that is envied by 
many professional organizations. Every mail, almost, 
brings its request from some camp in the United States 
for information relative to the Unit and the manner in 
which it was organized and is being conducted. 

In San Antonio the Unit is in constant demand. Un- 
failingly and with the good humor and willingness that is 
part of the professioal performer, the tiiembers of the Unit 
have taken part in every Government campaign that has 
been launched. Red Cross, War Camp Community Service. 
Liberty Loans. War Savings Stamps alike have shared in 
the able assistance of these capable men. Even private 
organizations who were conducting campaigns for some 
worthy fund were given the assistance of the Unit. 

A regular "circut" was organized by Lieutenant Jacob- 
son wherein each night was set aside for some particular 
welfare building and as bills were changed weekly for 
this location, the men were able to see a new show in their 
own favorite rendezvous. Later on, other camps requested 
that they be included in the circuit and now. in addition to 
Kelly Field regular weekly shows are given at Camp 
Stanley, Camp Travis, Camp John Wise. Camp Normoyle. 
Fort Sam Houston, and Brooks Field. As there are over 
a dozen welfare buildings on Kelly Field, which were 
covered by the Unit, sometimes as many as six and seven 
shows were given each night. 

This, cf course entailed a great deal of bookkeeping 
and keeping of records. Again when an act had once gone 
over the circuit, it was an "old act" and had to have a 
new vehicle for its next appearance. This of course, had 
to be procured and the Amusement Office was tbe scene 

of much weary thought and pencil chewing while new 
acts were written. 

In the ranks of the organization there is to be fomid 
virtually every type of performer known to the vaudeville 
stage. Drama, comedy, mystery, music, acrobatics— all 
have their respective places in the Unit; and each is do 
ing its part to alleviate that feeling of heart-emptiness 
that comes with the darkness at the end of a day of toil. 
Some of these phiyfolk. perhaps, enjoyed in civilian lif'? 
a wider popularity than did the others, but this fact is 
forgotten in the enthusiasm over the great common cause 
in which all are engaged. 

From hated Germany came one man to join America's 
Army and then go back to fight; but he was caught in the 
dragnet of Kelly P"'ield's amusement unit and now he is 
coaxing Chopin, Liszt and Irving Berlin from the piano 
instead. He is Chauffeur Robert E. .Mitchell of Torring- 
ton. Conn., who was finishing his course at the Munich 
Conservatory of Music at the outbreak of the war. While 
his repertoire extends to include all the present-day jazz 
melodies, the heavier classics constitute his forte; and even 
the syncopation loving rookies sit awe-stricken as he pounds 
out an interpretation of one of the old masters. 

Then there is Robt. R. Carrick. a Bonnie Scot "wi' 
a braw burr." He brings the immortal Harry Lauder 
over the seas from the land of the heather and steps into 
the famous Scot's shoes on the stages of the various 
buildings on the Unit's circuit. Henry B. Ellis, the famous 
"Tex" Ellis, is another of the bright stars in the organi- 
zation's firmament. As a delineator of the "mean nigger." 
"Tex" is without compare and his "Mess-Hall Drag" is a 
dance that will long be remembered. John Henry, a 
Brooklyn boy, is one of the leading comedians of the Unit 
His typifications of an excitable Hebrew are excruciatingly 
funny, which, in connection with his remarkable tenor 
voice, make him in constant demand everywhere. He was 
so well-known that the manager of one of the local theatres 
prevailed upon him to play at his place for a week. 
"Smiles" Henry, so-called because of his beautiful rendition 
of the popular song by that name, with his partner, Bert 
Bergman is "aces" with the men on the Field. Francis 
Meiers, known on the professional stage as LeMaire, is 
the world's champion skater. He is the inventor of the 
"unicycle" skate which he uses in his act and his work 
on them is truly the poetry of motion. With his partner, 
Joe St. Pierre, who is also a skater of reputation and no 
mean ability, they do an act that is a credit to the Unit. 
In Clyde Kolklcesch. "Koke." the Unit has a man who is 
well known in the Carnival world. He is a magician and 
illusionist and his clever manipulation and legerdemain 
are the marvel of his audiences. He is the exponent of 
the-hand-is-quicker-than-the-eye theory and is the originator 
of a score of magical experiments which have become 
standard among the profession. On the stage he is "Valda." 
Jack Tucker and Roland R. Lockard. Jack and Rollie. are 
two performers of rare ability. With a magnetic per- 
sonality and a Rooseveltian smile. Little Jack Tucker sure- 
ly sets the heart of many of his fair auditors a-flutter. 
Lockard on the piano is Mr. Jazz himself. In the words 
of a rookie who blistered his hands applauding him. "that 
guy can make the piano sit up and follow him." Joe 
Fagundes is a famous Portugese piano-accordionist. His 
wonderful interpretations of music, from grand opera to 
"blues." are the talk of the Field. This little dark-eyed, 
black-haired musician has played before royalty and never 
leaves the stage because his audiences have enough of him. 
The little wizard of the accordion is one of the most 
popular of the performers. And then there are Ponzillo 
the Italian tenor. Reynolds the contortionist. Warfield and 
Blough. black-face comedians, Schubert the ventriloquisi. 
Delzell the baritone. Melson the cartoonist. "Baron" Beatty, 
the unhappy tramp. McLaughlin the strong man. Hamel 
the acrobat. O'Connor and Reichenbach, dancers and com 
edians, and a host of others, too numerous to mention. 

Kelly Field started something when it started its 
amusement unit. And it was something that could not fail 
in the face of the labors that were expended in its launch- 
ing. Now it is enjoying more than its due measure of 
popularity. It is a human moulder— moulding dimples 
to catch the tears. It is fire— fraternal fire — melting 
sorrow, loneliness and desolation to nothing, in the crucibi? 
of human happiness. 




HE KELLY FIELD GLEE CLUB was formed by Post 
order of June 18, 1918. the purpose of the organi- 
zation being to form a Pioneer Army Chorus that 
would be an inspiration to other camps and reflect credit 
upon this Field. 

The organization was entrusted to the Post Song 
Leader, David Griffin. Army song leader of the War Dept. 
Commission on Training Camp Activities. 

From the first applicants less than a score were selected 
and after several rehearshals the Club made its first ap- 
pearance at the Italian Fete on the eve of the fourth of 
.Tuly at the Aviation Club in Kelly Field No. 2. 

The chief endeavor of the Kelly Field Glee Club has 
been to entertain the welfare organizations around the near- 
by city, at Clubs. Churches and schools, and particularly 
may they assume credit for considerable of the success of 
Community Singing in local parks, and auditoriums to 
which they drew thousands whenever they appeared. 
Such an inspiration to song, indeed, did the Glee Club 
rrove that they appeared upon request in many of the 
largest cities of Texas in promotion of Community Singing. 

Tho giving their first concert in July the fame of the 
Glee Club had spread by September so widely as to bring 
a request from the Deputy Governor of the District to the 
Commanding Officer of Kelly Field, Col. G. V. S. Quacken- 
bush for the service of the Club in the Fourth Liberty 
Loan Drive in the 11th Federal Reserve District. 

Responding to the request, the Club toured Texas, from 
Houston on the East to within ten miles of the Oklahoma 

border on the North, appearing in fifteen cities. Such 
comment as the following from the report to Dallas Head- 
qiarters of the Chairman of the Loan Committee of Austin, 
tne capital of the State is typical of that elicited in all the 
cities visited: "Kelly Field Glee Club thrilled audience ii' 
House of Representatives to enthusiastic applause in the 
greatest rally ever held in Austin." 

Close upon the heels of the Liberty Loan Drive follow- 
ed that of the United War Work Campaign for which the 
Club again toured. 

The Club members themselves feel that their best 
s-nging was done at the breakfast given by the San Antonii 
French Orchestra Committee at the Country Club in honor 
of the Societe des Concerts du Conservatoire de Paris — 
the French Symphony Orchestra touring under Andr'' 
?Jessager and at which they were also, guests. This 
audience of artists, the most critical judges of music that 
could hear the Club, was loud and unanimous in expression 
of the highest praise of the vocal merits and attainments 
of the Kelly Field Glee Club. Mr. Messager congratulated 
the Glee Club director most heartily and wrote him an 
autographed letter declaring the Societe would remember 
the singing of the Club as one of the most enjoyable ex- 
I)erlences of their entire tour thru the United States. 

The Glee Club has filled a tremendous want and will 
always be remembered as an indispensable organization 
mat spread cheer and good fellowship throughotit one of 
the greatest camps in the country. 



RLLY FIELD, as miRht be pxpectpd from its 
ccKmopolitan character and the large num- 
ber of College men among the officers 
and men stationed here, has won more honors in 
athletics than any other Camp or Field in the 
Southern Deparlmtnt. Athletics were first given 
official recognition on the Field when Capt. C. A. 
Reid and Lieut. Xathan Malefski began organiz- 
ing teams and planning events. Later Capt. Reid 
was transferred "overseas" and Lieut. Malefski 
took charge with Lieut. H. Vanocker as his as- 
sistant. Since that time these athletic events and 
contests have played an important part in keeping 
up the Kelly Field spirit. At the present time 
Li(ul. Clough is Post Athletic Officer, and the 
work is flourishing under his competent direc- 
tion. All kinds of events have been staged, usual- 
ly on the outdoor platforms at the various Y. M. 
C. A. buildings in Kelly, or wherever else might be 
practicable, and teams from this Field have gone 
to other fields and participated in athletic meets. 
Almost every branch of athletics has been rep- 

Bi^ Foot Kali (jame 

resented at Kelly, to-wit: basketball, calisthenics, swim- 
ming, field athletics, cinder path, tennis, football, base- 
ball, boxing, wrestling, etc. 

Last year's basketball team received only one defeat 
when they lost to Eagle Pass by a score of 23 to 2L They 
won the championship of San Antonio by defeating the 
St. Mary's team 38 to 12. This year's team promises to be 
even stronger than last year's. Lieut. Malefski is coach. 

The swimming team has also won signal honors, hav- 
ing won the Inter-Camp meet held at Medina Lake. Grace, 
Millard, Downes, Short, Tilden, Walters and Eader have 
won honors for this team in various events. 

t t,_ ^ %^ 

Baae Ball Team 

At the Southern Dept. meet at Camp Dick, Austin. 
Texas, Kelly Field's team came out second in the Cinder 
Path contests with 23 points. Camp Dick won with 26. 
A Kelly Field team consisting of Larson, Buck. Saranac 
and Willoughby went to Chicago to compete in the Nation- 
al A. A. U. Championships held there on September 21st, 
1918. and several of the men won high honors. Lieut. Buck 
won the pole vault with 12 feet. 3 inches. 

At the Southern Dept. Tennis Meet at Dallas, Texas, 
T.ieuts. Broad and Brush wen the championship in doubles 
and Capt. Horace G. Soule in singles. 

The Field has also maintained an excellent footbaH 
team, which held the championship of the Southern Depart- 
ment. It was composed mainly of a group of ex-college 
athletes and was coached by Lieut. Frank McHale. 

Trii. k !( 


Reading from left to right. 

Stan ci in g . — Harm — guard. Lieut. McKean — forward. 
Lieut. Sherljurne — Post Athletic Officer McLaughlin — 
forw;ird. Unger — guard. Cadreau — Trainer. 

Bottom Row. S i t t i n g — Moulton — forward. I^und — 
guard. Kahn — captain and forward. Golden — forward. 

Kelly — center. 

At present this team is leading the Army Basketball 
League with a percentage of 1000. 



Breen, Martuell of Cuba, McCullif, Henry Manning. Lt. Sherbourne, Capi. Soule, Lt. Vanocker. "Willie" Ames. Thomas. Patrick McGuigan 

STANDING, LEFT TO RIGHT:— Landertou. Bingerman. Pershing. "Dude" Clark. Calantins. Hartman and Joseph S. Cavarretta 


those who are unfamiliar 
with the name Post E.\- 

change let it be explains ci 

that it is the cooperative mer- 
cantile institution of the Army 
Man. More fully it is an organ- 
ization which dispenses mer- 
chandise, operates restaurants, 
barber and tailor shops for the 
benefit and convenience of the 
men of any Army Post or Camp, 
The selling price of each article 
is either actual cost or slightl.\ 
above; and any profits which 
are earned are distributed 
among the men in the form of a dividend. 

The basic principle of "buying necessary goods in large 
quantities and of disposing of them to the men at the low- 
est possible cost" has placed the Kelly Field Post Exchange 
among the greatest in the United States Army 

The Kelly Field Post Exchange was originally the 
Squadron Exchange of the 3rd Aero Squadron, which was 
organized November 3rd. 1916. As a Squadron Exchange 
it started on a credit basis, without any capital other than 
the Squadron backing it. The Squadron Exchange was 
conducted as such until May 1917, when, because of the 
growth of the field. Sub Exchanges were established. The 
consolidation of these into a new Exchange was effected by 
the Post Exchange Council, which met June 7th. 1917, This 
new organization took the name of the Kelly Field Post 
Exchange, and with this we have the real beginning of the 
present institution. Lieutenant Vautsnieier became Post 
Exchange Officer. 

At this time there were two Sub Exchanges maintain- 
ed, one located near the Headquarters of the Trades Divi- 
sion, the other near the Main Headquarters buildings. Due 
to tlie rapid growth of the field it was necessary from 
time to time to establish additional Sub Exchanges. The 
high water mark was reached during the months of Feb- 
ruary. March and April. 191S. when there were approximate- 
ly forty thousand troops on the field. The number of Sub 
Exchanges at this time totaled fifteen while the force neces- 
sary to operate them was about two hundred and fifty 

The magnitude of the business of the Kelly Field 
Post Exchange is best illustrated by the figures, $138,308.34. 
These figures represent the total sales for the month of 
April 1918. 

The Kelly Field Post Exchange was formally organized 
June 7th 1917. and as it continued to grow its scope of 
business widened and other forms of mercantile interest 
were absorbed into the system. The establishment of res- 
taurants at Sub Exchange Numbers 1 and 37 was followed 
by a chain of Barber Shops throughout the field. At this 
time Lieutenant Oscar Brown succeeded Major Vautsmeier 
as Post Exchange Officer, and Lieutenant Earl David be- 
came Purchasing Officer. 

Under this new management several new features were 
added including establishment of a Grocery Department 

diul .Meal Al.uktl in Ktlij Flt-ld .\u. J lui liu- cuiu eUH'Mce 
of the Officers quartered on the field, and the establish- 
ment of a Txilor Shop in connection with Sub Exchange 
No. 1. 

On September 12th. 1918 Lieutenant Brown was suc- 
ceeded by Lieutenant Earl David, assisted by Lieutenan* 
William H. Cline. Jr. The greatest change which took place 
under this management, from the view point of the con- 
sumer, was the reduction of the profit on sales. Goods 
were placed before the men at the lowest margin of profit. 
In fact, owing to careful buying the Post Exchange has 
been able to sell goods at prices that were quoted before 
the war. 

The Exchange grew so rapidly that it was not necessary 
for any Squadron organizing or coming to the field to pay 
in money to purchase stock in order that it might paiti- 
cipate in the dividends. Under this principle every Squad- 
ron became a share holder in the Post Exchange, and 
participated in the dividends until its disorganization or 
departure from the field. The dividends earned were figur- 
ed on net profit, and at first were distributed according to 
the number of shares held by each organization. Later 
this was found to be a cumbersome method, which workeu 
a hardship on the organizations participatin.g so a new 
method was installed. 

This method was based on the number of men in the 
organization and the length of time they had been on the 
field during the time covered by the dividend. Each month 
during the period covered by the dividend was figured 
separately in order that organizations having men trans- 
ferred into them might receive the benefit derived becaiis'. 
of the growth in strength, and likewise where men were 
transferred from an or,ganiz:(tion they did not receive the 
proration for these men. Old organizations and new. re- 
ceived proration on equal basis. 

A total of approximately .^150,000. 00 in dividends has 
been paid by the Post Exchange to the Squadrons on Kelly 
Field. Of this amount J74,it)4,87 was paid out during the 
six months ending October 31st. 1918. Since that time 
.575.OCO.OO more has been paid. In accordance with the 
policy of keeping the interest of the men always in mind, 
the Post Exchange Council declared a Christmas Dividend, 
which was distributed the week before Christmas. N?t 


Lieut. CLINE f^ 


only have the men of Kelly Field profited by these divi- 
dends but also the Squadrons In other parts of the United 
States, France. Enfjland and Italy which were organized on 
this field. 

All of these dividends have been declared on a ten per 
cent margin of profit, which has now been reduced to two 
and one-half percent net margin. In commenting on this 
decrease in profit, Lieutenant David. Post Exchange Officer, 
said: "We found that our trade increased to such an ex- 
tent on a smaller margin of profit that we were able to de- 
clare larger dividends on smaller profit than when we were 
charging higher prices: furthermore, our stock is turned 
so rapidly that no money is lost carried over. However, the 
miggest facor in producing these dividends was the centrai- 
izing of purchases, which the Kelly Field Post Exchange 
has practiced from the start. We purchase in thousand 

lots what a Squadron Exchange would have purchased by 
the dozen." 

In addition to Squadron Dividends, the Post Exchange 
t'ouncil authorized at various times donations to the fol- 
lowing: Post Athletic Council, Flying Department. Concen- 
tration Brigade. Air Service Mechanics School, and Morale 
Office. The total amount of these donations was approx- 
imately ten thousand dollars and was expended for the 
direct benefit and amusement of the men on Kelly Field. 

Perhaps il would be interesting to know that these 
dividends are used by the Squadrons to provide addi- 
tional delicacies to the army fare, provide social amuse- 
ment, necessary articles for the men, athletic equipment 
and other items. The continual q\iestion. "When are we 
going to receive another dividend" will lend to show with 
what welcome they are received. 

Like all mercantile institutions of such magnitude the 
Kelly Field Post Exchange has had its problems to solve. 
The chief problems were of such nature that they fell to 
the buyer for solution. The inability to obtain merchandise 
of all classes; the rapid rise in price of merchandise of all 
classes; and the fluctuation of the number of men on the 
field were some of the irritating circumstances that have 

All of these difficulties and many other minor ones 
seem to have been solved in due course and when taken 
into consideration together with the unquestionable fin- 
ancial prosperity it is only reasonable to state in conclu- 
sion that the career of the Kelly Field Post Exchange has 
been an unqualified success. 

l''lyiug Departineui I'ost Kxchauj^e 







.^- HARD /I r WORK 




IL'RIXG the first months of the existence of this Post 
I lie 3rd. 4th and 5th Aero Squadrons and a Quarter- 

master Truck Company possessed all the motoi 

I rucks on the field. Altogether there were about fifteer. 
Packards. ten 2 ton and five 3 ton and 30 Nash Quads. Ai 
that time the Supply Office was not connected with Trans- 
portation. The truck sheds were used for storing these 
trucks at night, and there were accommodations for ap- 
proximately one hundred machines. 

Later a Transportation Department was organized as 
d brancli of the Supply Department. A dispatcher and 
Iruckmaster were placed in charge of the truck sheds. The 
fuel for the operation of the machines was located at the 
sheds and each driver helped himself to the amount he 
wanted and reported same on a daily sheet. There was no 
check made so it would not have been difficult for a 
chauffeur to draw five gallons of gasoline and report only 
one gallon. It is needless to say that this method in whicn 
the honesty of the individual was relied upon was dis- 

About October 1st a Transportation Office was es- 
tablished a short distance from the Supply Office and a 
private 'phone was installed con- 
necting the Truck Sheds and this 
office. A short time afterward 
a Transportation Officer, Lieut. 
Chas. A. Reid, was placed in 
charge. At that time the system 
of referring all orders received 
at the Truck Sheds to the dis 
patcher at the Transportation 
Office for approval was started. 

Soon it was seen that data on 
the maintenance of vehicles was 
inadequate. To correct this con- 
dition the various departments 
now in existence — Consolidated 
Report Department showing the 
cost of maintenance, the Gas and 
Capi. JACK DOUBLIN Oil department showing the 

amount of gas and oil used and checking the drivers reports 
with the record of issue, the Supply Department keeping a 
supply of small equipment for the trucks and the Dis- 
[■alching Department, the work of which called for dis- 
tributing the machines and recording the activities of 
rach — were begun at the Truck Sheds, about September 
1.5th. 1917. At this time the garage was established and 
was able to take care of all engine trouble. 

When this department was first organized it was 
equipped with about 47 machines and 21 motorcycles. Up 
to date this department is equipped, with, which includes 
all motor transportation on the field, 226 trucks. 54 touring 
cars, 97 motorcycles and 7 bicycles. 

The use of this greater number of machines neces- 
sitated a larger personnel in the whole Transportation 
Department. At first there were difficulties in obtaining 
('.rivers for the vehicles. Enlisted men from various 
squadrons of the field were detailed on special duty with 
the Transportation Department. The first step in the 
correction of these difficulties was to transfer these men 
into organizations close at hand, such as the 112th and 
145tli Aero Squadrons, where they could be disciplined. 
A short time afterward two 
Transportation Squadrons were 
organized 323rd and the 681st 
Aero Squadron, and only those 
men who were actually on dut y 
with the Transportation Depart- 
ment were transferred to them. 

From December. 1917. <o 
March. 1918, competition for 
transportation was keen. About 
February 1st the present methoi 
for determining accurately the 
need of any department or pec- 
sons for transportation and the 
size of the machines needed was 
discovered. The work of the 
Efficiency Department, based on 
the foregoing idea, was to recor'i Lieut. CHAMBERLIN 



the use obtained from the machines on all the hundred or 
i:ore permanent orders filled by the Transportation De- 
partment. When the use of any department for its machine 
became less than the average use obtained on the other 
permanent orders that department was unhesitatingly de- 
prived of part or all of the number of machines furnished. 

On December 23rd. 1918. the system of pooling the 
machines went into effect. This however did away with 
all permanent orders and will do away with the unneces- 
sary use of machines. In this case where there is trans- 
portation needed, the heads of the various departments 
call the Transportation Office and state kind of vehicle 
wanted, time wanted and how long to be used. If any 
vehicle is out on an order, the driver is instructed to wait 
no longer than fifteen minutes and then return to the Truck 

All machines are used to their greatest capacity when 
ever possible for it is considered better to run part of the 
I rucks full capacity all the time and to let the balance lie 
idle — as long as transportation demands are supplied — than 
it is to distribute the work among many machines in such 
a way that each one of them is being used part of the 
time with a load equal to only part of its greatest carrying 
capacity. It is clearly seen that machines lying idle do not 
require drivers, fuel or oil, repairs or maintenance and 
iherefore a considerable saving is accomplished. 

Formerly the freight carrying machines were stopped 
in certain districts of the Post by officers who wished to 
ride. This constant stopping and starting delayed the ma- 
chines, increased the use of gas and oil and raised the cost 
of maintenance. Partly to eliminate this nuisance and 
partly to facilitate business on the field a passenger bus 
line was established connecting the various important de- 
partments of the fields. A fifteen minute schedule is main- 
tained and stops are made at all important points. The 
busses are always loaded to capacity showing thereby that 
they are greatly needed. 

Every Sunday morning at C:00 o'clock inspection of 
Ell machines of the Transportation Department is held 
at the Truck Sheds by the Transportation Officer. At thiS 
time the condition of every machine is carefully noted and 
the drivers are held accountable for any damage dore 
during the preceding weeks. Drivers are made to feel 
responsible for their machines and to realize that any neg- 
lect on their part will result in discovery and if necessary 
severe punishment. 

During the month of January. 191S. the mileage for all 
the machines was about 111.016 and 18.729 gallons of 
gasoline used. 

The present officers are. Captain Jack Doublin. Acting 
Motor Transport Officer. Lieut. Thos. E. Gore. Assistant 
Transportation Officer. Kelly No. 1 and Lieut. Chamber- 
lin, Assistant Transportation Officer Kelly No. 2. 

The personnel of the Transportation Department during' 
the months of December. 1917 to June. 1918. was about 450 
enlisted men. Today there are about 265 men. The Non- 
commissioned Officers who have helped organize and who 
Mfe still making the Transportation Department a business 
like organization, are as follows; Sgt. 1st Class Thomas 
C. Rubin. Chief Clerk; Sgt. 1st Class George S. Wills. Chief 
Iruckmaster; Sgt. 1st Class Calvin M. Sandy, Chief Dis- 
patcher; S,gt. Howard G. Myers. Supply Sergeant; Sgt. 1st 
Class Mathias S. Bott. Truckmaster; Sgt. 1st Class Alex- 
ander M. Scudder. Truckmaster; Chauffeur 1st Class 
Harvey Phelps. Truckmaster: M.S.E. Robert Suggs and 
il.S.E. U. S. Keller, in charge of garage. Sgt. John L. 
Schlegel, Motorcycle-master. 


Commissioned from Leon Springs T. C. as 1st Lieut. 
November 27. 1917. Assigned to duty at 1st Tr. Br. Dec. 
25. 1917. C. 0. 632nd Sqdn. March 17. 1918. Appointed 
Captain May 9, 1918. Transportation Officer July 1. 1918. 
Appointed Acting Motor Transport Officer January 18. 1919. 




HE brilliant success attained by the 
American Air Service in the fight for 
Democracy could not have been achieved 

without the splendid cooperation of the vari 
ous activities in connection with Aviation Sup 
plies, and it may well be said that the Aviation 
General Supply Depot, San Antonio, Texas, 
played no small part in this particular phase 
of the Air Service of the United States Army. 
Its inception was but a trivial mark in the 
future supply depot system of the Air Service. 
and it is but a year, when what is now knowi: 
as the Aviation General Supply Depot was 
located in a galvanized iron building on South 
Flores Street, this city. Its personnel numbered 
two commissioned officers, a few enlisted men 
and some civilian employees. The huge quantity 
of supplies purchased by the Aircraft Depart- 
ment at Washington soon began to arrive at 
the Supply Depot, and a continuous increase 
in personnel was necessary to meet the urgent 
demands of the Depot. 

The Commanding Officer of the Depot at that time was 
Captain J. C. Tips, Jr.. and following this officer's request 
for the assignment of an Aero Supply Squadron to the 
Depot telegraphic orders were received stating that a 
Squadron would be transferred from Kelly Field. Texas. 
as the personnel of the Depot. 

On January, 1918, the 675th Aero Squadron was trans- 
ferred to the Depot, and as a vigorous search had been 
made by the Commanding Officer for men possessing the 
necessary qualifications in the supply business, the en- 
listed strength was composed of men of exceptional ability. 
The Commanding Officer of the Squadron was First Lieut. 
John C. Dewey, Jr., and the Supply Officer, First Lieut. 
William P. Bates. 

During the month of June, 1918, the Aviation General 
Supply Depot had been completed, and the main office and 
supplies stored in the city were transferred to the Supply 
Depot. Previous to this trasfer Captain J. C. Tips, Jr.. 
was transferred elsewhere, and Captain Samuel Anabic 
assumed command. 

The volume of supplies handled grew in leaps and 
bounds, and it was soon found necessary to secure the as- 
signment of the 662nd Aero Supply Squadron, then 
stationed at Kelly Field No. 2. This brought the 
enlisted strength of the Depot up to three hundred men. 

The Aviation General Supply Depot, is considered one 
of the largest of Its kind on the North American Continent 
piid is almost nine hundred feet long by three hundred 
feet wide. In is a concrete and steel structure and was 
built by the well known Government Contractors, Stone 
and Webster. The Depot is subdivided into eleven dif- 
ferent warehouses where articles and material of a distinct 
nature are stored. A double trackage system, subdivides 
the warehouse and between two and three hundred car 
loads of supplies are being unloaded for receipt, and again 
reloaded for issue monthly. 

Modem equipment of every description is utilized in 
the performance of the supply work of the Depot and 
electrical trucks, revolvators and trailers are kept humming 
throughout the Depot daily. Hundreds of aeroplanes of 

various types, and thousands of items comprising all neces- 
sary material for the supply of flying fields have been 
itceived and issued, and it is no exaggeration to state that 
supplies have been sent to every part of the United States 
of America. 

Lieut. -Col. Wm. F. Pearson, S. C, assumed command 
of the Depot on August 25, 1916, and continued in command 
until December, 1918. 

The following extract published In General Orders 
Number 16, dated December 28, 1918. by order of the Com- 
manding Officer of the Aviation General Supply Depot is 
quoted as recording the status of the Depot in official 
circles. "I wish that you would convey to all officers, 
enlisted men and civilian employees at the Depot just how 
much I appreciate the work they have done in bringing 
the Depot to its present state of efficiency. I find that 
here in Washington, the Supply Depot at San Antonio is 
lated far ahead of all others. I take no credit for this, 
however, myself, as it belongs to the officers, enlisted men 
and civilian employees, who gave me such loyal support 
when I was in command. I hope they will be as faithfiil 
to the new Commanding Officer as they were to me." 
Signed: Lieut.-Col. Wm. F. Pearson, S. C. 

Major George H. Brett, A. S. A., J. M. A., who has seen 
over one year service at the front, assumed command of 
the Depot the latter part of December, 1918, and under hi,, 
guidance the Depot is maintaining the splendid record it 
has achieved since its inception. 

Captain George W. Gibson, A. S., M, A., is Adjutant 
cf the Depot and under his supervision the necessary 
military functions are carried out. 1st Lieut. John C. 
Sloan, A. S. A., is Officer in Charge of Warehouse and 
under his guidance the duties of the organization in re- 
spect to the receipt and issue of supplies are administered. 

The following officers complete the commissioned per- 
sonnel of the Depot: 1st Lieut. John P. Hermes, Dis- 
bursing Officer, 2nd Lieut. Henry E. Beal. Assistant to 
Warehouse Officer, 2nd Lieut Francis M. Wright, Ware- 
house Police Officer, Summary Court and Survey Officer, 
2nd Lieut. Lee T. Fowler, Traffic Officer, 2nd Lieut, C. C. 
Wurzbach, Purchasing Officer, 2nd Lieut. John W. Dean 
rnd 1st Lieut. Thomas F. Eagen. 




Photo by Steele 

O THIS SQuadron belongs the distinction of being 
the "oldest" Squadron in Kelly Field. In its infancy 

1 — in May, 1917 — it was known as the First Pro- 

visonal Headquiirters Squadron. In August. 1917. it was 
officially organized as the 111th Aero Supply Squadron 
and its personnel made up of men on special duty at Posi 
Headquarters. In February, 1918, the number of thri 
squadron was changed to 632. and in May, 1918, it was agai!. 
changed to 141th. 

This squadron has always been known as the "Post 
Headquarters Squadron." due to the fact that practically 
every man in the organization except those on squadron 
duty, is on duty at Post Headquarters. Therefore, the en- 
listed personnel of the 144lh has been rated as about the 
highest of any organization on the Field, due to the duties 
that members of the Squadron performed. 

The 144th has been particularly fortunate in having 
most efficient officers in command and as a result perfect 
harmony has reigned at all times and members of the 
command have been as one big happy family. 

The followin.g officers have been in command of the 
144th Squadron since its organization in May, 1917: 2nd 
Lieut. E. H. House, Capt, S. H. Wheeler. J. M. A.: l.= t 
Lieut. Walter I. Waite. 1st Lieut. Norvell P. Chapman. Isl 
Lieut. Roy L. LeBourgeois, 1st Lieut. Wayne C. Pouchee. 
2nd Lieut. Earl W. DeN'io. 1st Lieut. L. A. Felder. 1st Lieut. 
Christian H. W. Lucke, 2nd Lieut, Edwin C. Kirker, and 
1st Lieut. Fred G. Russ, present Commander. 


Sergeant Major — Brown. Warrcii .V. Squadron Clerk — 
Williams. .Mhert J. Supply Sergeant — Wcilff. Frr-cipricU .\ 
Master Electricians — Landry. Antonio H. Sergeants 1st Class 

— Rit;hter, (it-orse H., Little, Robert D., IJuvall. i;ol)eri E., 
Radcliff, Llovd, Sax, Charles, Merkel, Charles B.. Sinitn. 

Robert A.. Lake, Albert R.. CJeorge. L). Howard, Adam, Clarence 
S., Hatcli, Carl R Sergeants — Harri.s, William H., Harring- 
ton. ,lamo,s ri., Kommel, Jacob, l-'reiind, l^eo M., Jones, Irl, 
Ijewis, Raymond J., Evans, Micliael J,, l-^letcber, \Villia!n J,, 
Marx, Charles, O'Donnell, James J., .Stafford, John M., (^ooper. 
Raymond A., Weber, Leo, Garrison, Junius H., Cobb, Cliarles 
H., Jr., Baird, George L. Corporals — Jillson, William E., Jr , 
Derl)y, Paul \\'., Coyne, Walter, Boerger, Frank. Kachel, 
Howard Ij., Blow, Richard H., Sigersmith, John, Little, Leslie 
B. Chauffeurs 1st Class — Gifford, George W. R., Grccke, 
Fred \V., Kiinn. ,l(ibn V,, Brelsford, Ebpr J., Killingsworlli, 
Mark F., Koane, l';dwin -A., Cassidy, Frank J. Chauffeurs — 
May, Noel B., Brown, Jared V.. McMinn, Robert R.. Thompson, 
Roymond R., Payne, Joseph K., Scott, Robert D.. Wrigley, 
George D., Smith, Rian-sford S,, Williams, Monroe E,, Tice. 
Walter H., Lax, Jacob, Perlman, Herman, l-^lmendorf, Roy C, 
Zink, George H., Sneigr, Francis 1'.. Bliss, William R.. Magnu- 
son, Carl O., DeMarco, AchiUo G. Cooks — Peterson, Edward. 
Scoit, Lawrence B., Baker, Lincoln S., Mellick, Earl. Privates 
1st Class — .Ault. Lester E., Bay, Randall W., Bonham. Ralph, 
Bishop, iMorris, Burilsall, James C, Frieland, Jack J., Grisliam, 
Jesse F.. Habera, Martin, Ileiss, Frank C. Malone, Michael 
F., Rupert, Harold B., Scott, John E., Simi, Joseph A., Steiner, 
VA'illiam I.. Stockwell. Julian P., Strauss. Irving. Wilkicki, 
Joseph, Wittenberg. Emanuel E., Bryan, Lewis A., Beaver, 
.Ambrose M., O'Neill, Edward L., Howell. William E., 
Rodriquez, Louis. Privates — Alexander, Francis D., Bahr, 
Chris., Barrett, Lawrence E.. Battey, Rlain L.. Bechtolil, 
Edmund C. Bergman. Herbert, Bezirjiam, Oscar, Bisseil, 
William H.. Byers, Harry W., Caeser, Stephen T.. Chefetz, 
Israel. Chadwick, Vincent D., Christianson, Bernhard, Clay- 
ton, Virgil G., Cushman. Jame-s D., Dahm. Frederick P,, 
Oaquilla, Peter, Dennis. Leo. Edgar, Harold L., Elkins, Arthur 
E., Goldman, Maurice J., Goldstein, Herman L., Graf, Charles, 
Handeland, Osbourne, Harris, Walter S., Henry, Edward d., 
Howard, John, Hughes. Abraham, Irwin, Milo D., Jones, Don 
1>.. Kay, Harvey L., McCoy, Claude, Martin. Dred A., Mehrkens, 
John H. C, Miller, George W., Moon, Mitchell E., Mvers, 
Byron M.. O'Donnell. Charles P., Patrick, John L., Perrv, 
William C, Radeos, James, Reed, Ernest A.. Reitz. Aaron W. 
Saunders, Earl J.. Silvers. Charles S.. Sonville. David. Stein, 
.Albert. Stoiwer. Dee C. Stetinger. Jacob. Sthole. Carl A. M., 
Troutman. Duncan P., Ward, Stayton G., Watson, John E., 
Willoughby. Thomas E. 



mHE presence of from thirty to forty thousand men 
in Kelly Field during the fall and winter of 1917 and 
the dearth of amusement were the prime causes for 
the formation of the Kelly Field Band, which was an out- 
growth of an idea of Major P. E. VanXostrand. then Ad- 
jutant of the post. 

The need of instruments and music for the band and 
orchestra was met by a fimd derived from a Minstrel per- 
formance given by Kelly Field and San Antonio talent. 
January 10-11. 1918. in San Antonio at the Grand Opera 
House, under the direction of Major J. M. White and Sgt. 
Kenneth O'Hara. Special scenery was painted by Lieut. 
Wm. G. Perry. Capt. Harry H. Robertson also assisted 
with his excellent vocal talents. 

The success of the Minstrels brought forth such an 
array of talent that soon thereafter was formed the Kelly 
Field Amusement Unit under the able direction of Lieut. 
Jacobson. The unit assisted by the orchestra, successfully 
staged the well known play "Kick In," at the Majestic 
Theatre in San Antonio. 

The following is a list of officers, each of whom has 
commanded this Squadron at some time since its organi- 
zation: Capts. \V. J. Petrick and Edwin H. Frith and Lieut. 
Craig — the officers longest with us and more intimately 
associated with the work of the organization: Capt. W. J. 
Petrick. Capt. Edwin H. Frith. 2nd Lieut. J. M. Gutekunst. 
1st Lieut. Wayne G. Borah. 1st Lieut. I. W. Craig, 2nd 
Lieut. Wm. H. Smith. 2nd Lieut. Nathan K. Gallinger and 
the present commanding officer 2nd Lieut. Ira B. Vanocker. 

The following is a list of the non-commissioned staff 
at the time of the organization of the squadron: Sgt. Major 
C. V. Small. Sgt. O. E. Allen, clerk; Sgt. Geo. W. Ehlers, 
1st Sgt.: Supply Sgt. Amos B. Chapman: Mess Sgt. Mark 
C. Richards: Sgts Stanley B. Warren. Erie M. Poison and 
Geo. L. Whorton as Duty Sergeants; Sgt. E. A. Holloway, 
Band Leader and later succeeded by M.S.E. John Weber, 
and Sgt. A. Frankle as orchestra leader. 


Carroll. James C. 
Johnson, Oscar E. 
Spencer, Guy W.. 

Conunauding — Vanocker. Ira B. 2nd Iiieatenants — Arm- 
strong. I iiian.l K. M. S. E, — Small, Clarence V.. Farrow, 
Ernest E. Serg-eants 1st Class — Allen, Otis E.. Felton, Donnie 
S., Thomson. Harry G.. Richards. Arthur A., Poison, Erie M.. 
Remfrey, William L... Erickson, John E. Jr., Connell. William 
H., Hill. Edward A., Thomas. Jake F. Serg'eants — Maddy, Leo 
S., Umbert, Contrastano, Satran. Benjamin, Hickman. Michael 
J., Houghton, Henrv H., Mallett, Ernest A., L'nger. James E., 
Perkins, Clardy R.. Howd. Charles W., Wanlass. William E.. 
.\none. Emile \V.. J^aird. Allan S.. Walsh, Ward W., Greenhorn. 
Stewart. Corporals^Lindemann, Harry O.. Olson. Rudolpii 
A.. Smith. Benjamin, White. William, 
Stasio. .\nthony, Warfield. Kenneth B., 
Cooks — Lowe, Alva, Bunn. William A., 

Vallon, Richard H., Holzwarth. Monta D. Chanffenrs 1st 
Class — Dawkins. Ray L., Anderson, Alvin, Mallozzi. Phillip. 
Whorton. George L., Cox, Jonce, McLaughlin. Harry A., Hays, 
Bernard B.. Patrie, Armand N. Cliaaffears — Cerve. John, 
Clark, Herbert C, Ferrille, Herbert A., Howard, Leslie C , 
Jellison, Arthur A., Miller, Harold J., Moskowits. William 
D.. Shaw, Harry A., Werner. James C. Bottriell. Ralph W.. 
Kelly. George G.. Lawson. Arthur X.. Altman, Bryan, Coluccio, 
Humbert, Mitchell. Robert E.. Myers. George G., Werner, 
Charles. Wood. Philip D.. Privates ist Class — Baltrhop. Percy 
X.. Bullard. William. Blough, Charles V.. Collins, Guy E.. 
Collard, .\rthur D., Copeland. William, Downing, Harry C. 
Duras. James W., Delzell. Clarence C Ellis, Henry B.. 
Fagundes, Joseph M,. Fay, Frank P.. Kolkloesch. Clyde A., 
Larson. Clinton. Lund, Leonard C, Mahar, William R.. 
Olander. Carl V.. Ponzillo, Anthony P., Reynolds. William J., 
Tout. Edwin I.. Townsend, Marion J., Wisner, Jeffrey A., 
Woods, Frank. Frivates — Arnold. Ernest C, Bauman, Russell 
O., Baldridge. Thomas -M., Beatty, Leo M., Blerman. Joseph H., 
Bloom. David H.. Brown. Edward W.. Bengston, Eric. 
Buchannon. Emniett L., Dickson, Irl D., Farwell, Edwin J., 
Farrow. Eugene D.. Fackiner. Arthur J., Grosscup, Clinton M.. 
Geyer. Carl W., Gardner. Walter, Graves. Arthur E., Harm, 
William F., Bvers. Harry. Hayth. James F.. Hill, William W.. 
Huff, Bruce R.. Hagenbuch, James B., Hamel, Albert X.. 
Lederer. Maurice H.. Lockard. Rollin R.. McMurphy. Charles 
E.. .McArdle. James T., Meiers, Francis E.. Melson, Charles H., 
Meese, Mahlon E., Miller. Harry L.. Munson. James W.. Mc- 
Callum. John F., O'Connor, Charles. Overbagh. Alfreed A., 
Pickerill, Harold M., Patterson, Hubert L.. Phillips. Andres 
S., Pinner, Donad C. Perkins. Ralph W.. Roddy. Maurice. 
Rosenfield. David S.. Rominger. Roland. Reichenbach. Sydne.v 
K., Schubert. Frank A.. Spreitzer, Albert A., St. Pierre. Joseph 
O.. Starr, Antoine G., Sullenberger, William H., Tucker. John 
G.. Waterhouse. William L.. Willey. Stacy W., Turko, Michael. 


Ti ^r^-ip-«i 


raHE 324th Aero Squadron was organized January 31. 
I!il8. The command of this organization is at the 
_ Iirtsent time under 2nd Lieut. Ernest Brown, A. S 

(M. A.). 

The administrative staff of this squadron is composed 
of Sergeant Major Leo F. Rendessy. Supply Sergean' 
William A. Pollard and Sergeant in charge of quarters 
David A. O'Neil. 


M. S. E. — Morse. Edwanl J.. Price. Wiley N.. Stewart. 

Fred-H. Serg'eants 1st Class — Wat.son. George R.. Home. 

Wilbur E.. RowlaniJ. Janie^ C. Scott, Leroy. Sandy. Calvin 

.M.. Bott. Matliias S.. Bow.len. Paul. Mello, Chester J.. Scudder. 

Alexander M., Clark Henry T.. Rubin, Thomas C. Serg'eants — 
Eabitz. Harry. Fox. George V.. Lenhart. Joseph B., Willeti. 
Warren P.. Levy. Leo H.. Wilkinson. Fred R.. Milne. William 
M. Jr., Green. Ray I..., Burke. Lawrence F.. Anderson, Carl E.. 
.'^heil. .losepli A.. Trueblood, Paul R. Corporal — Bennett, 
Albert W. Chauffeurs — De Sturco, Peter, Arms, Edwin R.. 
Moore, John B., Rice. Allen I,, Germershausen, John, Lyons, 
Francis D., Pa\'ne, Benjamin O., Wenzel, Robert W.. Davis, 
Hubert C, Neff, Roscoe W., Doyle. Robert R.. Testu. Jean L.. 
Voter, FMuin G., r.loche. Maxwell G., Way, Louis A., Osborn, 
Richard H. Privates 1st Class — Schuermann. John R.. Gathers. 
Harold G.. Ihull.icU, James D., Hazleton, Melburne M.. 
Wheeland, Frank A. Privates — Cornwell, John W., Geary, 
Albert W.. Xajarian, Kapriel K., Patoulis, Peter. Weber, Ernest 
E.. Melendrez, Frank. 


mv OCTOBER. 1917. the 327th Aero Service Squadron 
was orsanized. consisting of two officers and 150 
men. who immediately began training for overseas 

On April inth. 1918. Captain John M. Holcombe. Jr.. was 
assigned as Commander, relieving Lieut. Chalk. June 23rd. 
1918. the command was reduced to but 26 of the original 
personnel, the purpose being to transfer out all inefficient 
men for overseas service, and replenished the number to 
1.50 of specially selected men from the Flying Department 
and Kelly No. 1. While awaiting travel orders, this 
squadron wen the distinction of being the champion guard 
outfit of Kelly Field. 

September 4th. 1918. 1st Lieut. Frank C. Yates suc- 
ceeded Captain Holcombe in command, the latter being 
ordered out of the field. During the Influenza epidemic 
at this Field, this squadron again rendered valuable aid to 
the Medical Department. Its members being also selected 
to guard the entrances to Kelly Field. 

On October 4th, 1918, this organization was again 
replenished to its full quota. 154 men, from all over Kelly 


Commanaing Officer — Nicliolas .M. Kraemer, Captain, 
A.S.MA. Adjutant — Guy O.Neal. 2nd Lieut. A.S.M.A. 

Sergeants 1st Class — Donaldson. Ralph R., McNamara. 
Robert 1^., i'errx-. Earl A. Sergeants — .\ngerl. Russell R. 
Dunbar, Jerome F., Eder, Ludwig, Fabel, Rotiert A., Filsingei". 
Raymond G., Graft, Joseph J., Hebert, Paul T., I.anger, Harry 
H., Matthews, Jake Y., Moore, Glen J., Persing, Wilbur O.. 
Powell, Clifford R.. Smythe. Ira E., Sutton, John B., Tegler 
John C, Corporals — Corrigan, Thomas, King, Carl L., Knoud, 
William, McXelly, Robin S.. Plasse, Elmer, Smith, John B. 

Chauffeurs, 1st Class — .-Vshcraft, Audra G., Gedney, Austin 
II., Mc.i:ii^'> , lianile K., Sorrell, Frederick S.. Schneider, Elmer 
.1. Chauffeurs — .\iibuchon, Louis A., Berryman, Frank E.. 
Fogg, Ernest L., Foley, John F., Good, Myron L., Hanson, 
Christi. Harrell, Ralph R., Kreutzer, Clement, Meyer, Fred I., 
Ross. Harold F., Thigpen, Lon, Walters. Zacharias. Wolf, 
Hubert J., Cooks — Ileckman,, Chehalis, Athnasios G.. 
House. .\ndr. w .1.. LaBranche, Joseph F., Wariiica. Frank 
W. Privates 1st Class — Arnold, Herman J., Arthur, Stephen 
J.. Bgorkum, Rieder, Finnell, James B., Goldstein, Louis, 
Haverv, John W., Koenig. Edward, Held, George Jr., Held, 
John H.. Komm, Emit F., Marshall, Clvde G., .Medlock, Fred 
E., Miekley, William, Miller, Henry, iluhl.r, .\drain J., 
O'Brien, Bernard, Richey, Harold W. Privates — .\lberigi. 
Manuel D.. Alnies. .Arlington \'.. Balentyne, Harry F., Beattie, 
Grant A., Boland, Harry J., Bonner. Ralph J., Bowser, George, 
Brittain, Arthur E., Brockman, Lawrence, Carr, James E., Car- 
son, George J., Chiappellone. Richard F., Chimbouris, James 
G., Clark, Norman, Conlin, James E.. Grain, Orval L., Creigh- 
ton, William D., Deal, Cecil G., Delario, Alberto, Drough- 
ton, Joseph, Escallier, Jules, Fisher, Arthur G., Fitzgerald, 
Thomas, Fletcher. Harry P.. Fredericks. Edward E.. Gabbert. 
.Arthur H., Gardner, Ernest H., Gerber, William L., Greeney, 
Harrv, Groemling, Konrad F.. Gruenhagen, Carl J., Hall, 
William C, Hanks, Ervin, Hansell, Neil D., Hanson, Arthur, 
Hise, Harold E.. Hope, Emit S., Hughes. Roy M.. Hurley. 
James J., Jacquet, Edmund M.. Keckeiser, George G., Kennedy, 
Silas P., Koester, William, Kulenkamp, Francis F., Lewis, 
Charles H., Luxner, Andrew J., McCormick, Charles F., Mc- 
Sweenev, Peter J.. MacPherson, Andrew A., Mangin, Joseph 
T. J., Mengle, Glenn M., Mohler, Charles F., Morin, Paul J., 
Moss, Robert \V., Murphy, Lee ,j., Nagle, John J., O'Connell, 
John M., Palm, Arthur L., Pasternack, Aaron B., Pershall, 
Harry W., Polonsky, Samuel, Powers, William H., Rawn, 
.Arthur F.. Reed, Charles R., Retzler, Ray L., Robbins, Francis 
M., Salyers, Lewis E.. Schimkowitsch, Alfons J.. Sedze, Emile 
J., Shepard, Marion L., Spieler, John D., Springer. Burch H, 
Sticco, Amedeo, Stolle, John E., Slottlar, John, Taus, Thomas, 
Thompson. Noble A.. Tierney. Denny. Trainor. Leo J.. Vincent. 
Charles E., Whitson, Floyd L., Wienzewski, Henry S. 




HE 32Sth Aero Squadron stands pre-eminent as the 
most widely iinown squadron in tlie Air Service. It 
was organized November 4th. 1917. Approximately 
six Uiousand men passed through this organization. 

The 328th Aero Squadron was represented at the most 
noted institutions of learning in the country, among which 
may be mentioned the Massachusetts Institute of Tech- 
nology, the Carnegie Institute of Technology. Pratt Institute 
at Brooklyn. X. Y.. Dunwoody Institute, Minneapolis, Minn., 
David Rankin School of Mechanical Arts, St. Louis. Mo„ 
etc. A large majority of these men later received com- 

On December 21st, 1917, the command was transferred 
by Capt. Gardner to 1st Lieut., Eban Stanley, who, on 
February 11th, 1918, was succeeded by its present com- 
mander, 1st Lieut. Irving H. Patterson. 


Commanding- Officer — 1st Lieut. Irving H. Patterson. 

Adjutant — ^11,1 Lieut. Harrv G. Conner. 

Sergreant Major — Gebhard. William F. Supply Serjeant 
— Jijliiisnii, Hollis. Mess Sergeant — Kil'lien, Calvin O. Master 
Electricians — Suggs, Robert K. Sergeants — Schr.vver, FranU 
J.. JIaluukis. Stratis J., Christy, George R., Pariuelee. Willard 
G., Bewley, Winton F., Thomas. Weslev F., Jones. Alpheus 
W.. Scull, Henry X.. Crumbling. Sterling K.. Reimus, John F.. 
Gaedtke. Julius. Buckhalter, Abraham. Mathews, Orvllle B. 


Corporals — Le\ augh, Raymond H., Rec-d, Leroy F., Elbert, 
Paul F.. Mason, Stuart D. L. Chaaffears — Tiner, William L., 
Hendricks, Roy C, Smith, Benjamin F.. Graham, Thomas L.. 
Fitzgerald, Raymond J., Thomas, Francis P., Dalgleish. 
Andrew, MacDonald, John S., Whipple, Percival D., Carson. 
Walter W. Privates 1st Class — Bedigian, Harinig E. Privates 
— Arthur, Thomas J.. Alir, Charles J., Anderson, Arthur A., 
Adams, George D.. Buell, William C Bryan. Frank, Black, 
Clare M., Brooks, James C. Baldwin, Joseph C, Banks, Ralph 
L., Berry, FrankW ., Benson, Horace H., Baskerville, George 
L., Blanchard, Charles E., Burgin, Samuel S., Brasnell, J. D.. 
Barton. Bradford T.. Bemis, Frank M., Brooks, Severin S., 
Bash, Harry L.. Blake. Xoble E., Benedict, Ivan G., Badgett. 
George M., Brooks, Marven J., Cato, Autrey L., Connor. Ralph 
F.. Cook, Elzie, Cason, Edgar C, Crees, Lawrence, Coppock, 
William E., Chislim, Harry W.. Cradit, Harry R.. Chadwick, 
Cyrus S., Cook, Cecil H., Doren. Clarence E., Darling, Claude 
K.. Darnell. Jennings V.. Duncan, Glenn. Fenn. Weaver C. 
Gass, Harry. Gray, Walter G., Harmon, Rov E.. Hollman. 
Adolph, Howard, J. B., Hohman, Fred, Huriess, Harry D., 
Hunter, Harold J., Hunter. Frank W.. Higbee. Charles E. 
Hawkins. John R.. Hallstrom, Paul G.. Jacobson. Carl H.. 
Johnson, Lee R., Kamman, Harold L.. Kehew, Harry. King. 
Harry L., Koch, Cornelius, Martin, William, Mutert, Elmer D., 
Mager. Harry, MiUsap, Elmer W., Myers. Guy B., Pa>nc, 
Harry L., Pendleton, Raymond, Potter, Forrest W,, Rahas, 
John, Sebesta, Henry W.. Smithee. Theodore C, Stonecipher, 
Elmer R., Shaw, Courtland M.. Shaw. William A.. Simmons, 
Glenn W., Schwartz. Sylvester W., Tilley, Delbert, Tider, 
James A., Turner. Lloyd L., Tanner. Charles S., Van Leen, 
Edward E. 



HE 632nd Aero Squadron, which was organized under 
tlie name of the 144th Aero Squadron during the 
month of October, 1917. is composed of Special Duty 
Men on duty with the Kelly Field Post Exchange. It is 
one that will be long remembered in the hearts of those 
who have been fortunate enough to be one of its members. 

Like all organizations it has had troubles, but through 
the efforts of M.S.E. Rufus Slaughter, supported by Sgl. 
1st Class Sam Wortzel and Joseph Lovchick they have 
been thrashed out as they appeared. The team work of 
these men, which represent the Administrative Department 
would remind one of the "Marines" at Chateau-Thierry, as 
they certainly killed the work. 

In the Kitchen, wliich has been ruled by the Iron Hand 
of Sergeant "Dutch" Gilg we find Cooks McKee, Arkie 
Stewart and Adamopolis who have displayed talent never 
before witnessed in an Army Kitchen. The Slum-Gullion, 
Beans, Hot Dogs. Flap-Jacks, and numerous other Army 
fares have been turned out in such condition that it has 
made the boys think often of "Mother's Cooking," and the 
boys have nothing but praise for old "Mother Dutch." tho 
at times we must admit when things weren't just so. 
"Dutch" was a terror with the K. Ps. 

During the spring and summer of 1918 the Kelly Field 
Post Exchange Base Ball Club, which was composed of men 
from the 632nd Aero Squadron entered and won th.> 
Championship of the Kelly Field Base Ball League. 

Tho the members of the 632nd Aero Squadron did 
not get an opportunity to go to France they will be con- 
soled by the fact that they did their duty on Kelly Field, 
and have been able to smile when things went wrong, so 
when the old 632nd is disbanded to allow the men to 
return to civil life again it will be represented in nearly 
every state in the Union, and it will be a source of pride to 
point back to the days that were spent on Kelly Field as a 
member of the 632nd Aero Squadron. 


CouunaucUug' — Lieuteiiaiit Wycliffe C. Jackson. Admin- 
istrative Staff — M.S.E. Rufus [I. Slaughter, Sergeant-Major, 
Serst'ant bMr.'^tCIass Samuel Wortzel, Squadron Clerk; Sergeant 
Oscar W. Anderson, Duty Sergeant; Sergeant Joseph A. 
Lovchik, Stenographer; Chauffeur First Class Ernest Gilg, 
Mess Sergeant; Chauffeur First Class William E. Worthy, 
Supply Sergeant; Cooks — Athanasios S. Adamopulos, Jeremiah 
M. Stewart, Elbert R. McKee, Herman W. Wadewitz; Private 
Ricliard W. Hillerby, As.sistant Clerk. 

Serg'eants 1st Class — !'lia|ppell. Fred, Dee, Arthur T.. 
Youiisliin,.,!. lOsti y i;. Sergeants — Bazemore, Edward H., Ed- 
wards, Reginald H., Gross. Byron W., Kanode, George W., 
KcUon, William K., Knigh'. John H., Kunow, Leonard O., Mc- 
Farland, Herbert U., Mclntyre, John F., McMahon, James G., 
Naliity, Frank J., Primm, John E. W., Schutz, Miles J., Silva. 
Louis W., Sullivan, Joseph A., Tribhey. Clyde E., Wenncr, 
Harold C, Harding, Howard W. Corporals — Brucbhauser, Leo 
v., Corum. William, Cowling, August A., Dixon, Evanrj, 
jackson, Thomas L., James, John F., Judmaier, Rudolpn, 
Lenz, George A., Lloyd, Kenneth F., Marshall, Egbert P., 
Minarik, Vaclav, Rodeen, John R., Rnmonillo, Vito. Ruli, 
Joseph C, Thompson, Forrest H. Cliauffeurs 1st Class — 
Davidson. Herman B., Olson. Clarence H., Pa>'ne, Sirlne.v M. 
Chauffeurs — Harnett. Franklin F., Beck, Ernest J., Bernd, 
Paul, lOike. Herbert, Gamble, Baxter E., Gary, McCall I ., 
Gor.skie, Charles E., Guerra, John, l-Ianey, Mack L,, Jones, 
William E., Lever, John T., Mitchell, David, Molina, Conrad 
B., Ramsey. Wade, Russell, Howard W.. .Shipley, Roy W., 
Sumblin, Ben, Wesin, Joseph L. A.. Zilch, Adam A., Zwillich. 
Frank H., Brock, John L,, Lefko\"its. Samuel, Bodine, Hariy 
A., Harber, Charles C. Privates 1st Class — Bleyer, John P 
Coil, Clyde T., Dietrich, L.sli. W,. Il.^,■l^ty, Clarence D., 
Linthicum, Thomas L. Privates — Llehm. Jonathan, Brock- 
ley, Donald H., Carruth. Thomas D., Chambers, Claude L, 
Cheatham, Louis M., Comer, Walter L., Compton, Willie L,., 
Cryseler, Stanley J., Daniel, Guy E., Dennen, Alfred \ , 
Devenport, Paul L.. Dusseire, Joe, Ellard, Elmo B., Endtholi', 
Harry J., Everett, Walter J.. Palk, Edwarii S., Foster, GarriU, 
Garza, Jose de la. Griffin, West E.. Harvey, Robert L., 
Hayden, Lee R., Hicks, Ivey D., Husband, Claude R., Krohf 
Irl E., Larson. John R., Marske, Henry, McDowell, Bradfor-i 
A., McNiel. Thomas J., MUner. Charles H., Mogge, George F, 
Olivari, Charles C, Patterson, Frank W., Reeves, William A . 
Reveliotis, Louis A., Schmidt. Joe M, Seekell, Albert b'., 
Sherwood, George B., Spivey, Gus, Stephenson, Carl N., Tease 
James S., Titus, Kenneth C, Thompson, Urban E., Wallace, 
William E., Wilson, Ralph E., Wilder, Leslie D., Zoll, Glen SI. 


' .-l 



HE 633rcl Aero Squadron, formerly the 112th Aero 
Supply Squadron, was formed on August 18th. 191V 
from a nucleus of men who had been personally 
selected from recruits, in what was formerly known as Ihi 
Lower Field, and placed on duty at the Camp Signal Supply 
Office. Major Rufus F. Scott. Jr., at that time Captain, 
Signal Reserve Corps, Aviation Section, was placed ir 
command of the 112th Squadron in addition to his duties 
as Post Supply Officer and Commanding Officer of t*".- 
75th Aero Construction Squadron. 

Around this nucleus of men, which went to form Ihe 
112th Squadron, were gathered other men who were per- 
sonally selected by Major Scott and M. E. James Mac- 
Fadden. all of whom were placed on special duty at the 
Supply Office. It is well to note that M. E. MacFaddrn 
was one of the charter members of the Squadron, havi's 
been placed on duty at this field in connection with supply 
work from Fort Sam Houston, Texas, where he was on 
detached service from ihe First Aero Squadron. 

On October 4, 1917, 1st Lieut. Thomas D. Broad wa ■: 
added to the commissioned personnel of the squadron in 

addition to his other duties as assistant to the Post Supp'.y 
Officer. On February 13th. 1918, 2nG Lieut. Howard H, 
Crowell was assigned, and on March 30th, 1918, Captan 
George V. Rotan. at that time first Lieutenant, was al^n 
1 laced on duty with the squadron in addition to his other 
duties at the Post Supply Office. On May 21, 1918, 2no 
Lieut, Emerson P, Crane joined the 633rd Squadron, but 
was relieved on June 6th, 1918. Major Scott was relieved 
from duty with the squadron on September 9th, 1918, owing 
to the weight of his other duties, and was replaced by 
Captain Edwin H. Frith. Captain Rotan and Lieuts. Broad 
and Crowell were relieved on September 12th, 1918. 2nd 
Lieut. Royal R, Moss being assigned on that date. Captain 
Frith was relieved on October 13th, 1918, being ordered 
overseas. Lieut. Moss then becoming the squadron com- 
mander. On October 14th, 1918, 2nd Lieut. John W. Pratt. 
Jr., joined the squadron, but was relieved on November 1st, 
3 918. having received orders for overseas service. 2n'i 
Lieut. William D. Mann was assigned on November loth, 
1918. receiving an honorable discharge from the service 
on January. 10th, 1919. 



The first Sergeant Major ol' the 112th Squadron was 
Sergeant Harry J. Kennedy, but he filled the position 
only for a short while, as he was placed on special duty 
at the Ground Officers' Training; School and later com- 
missioned. Sergeant Kennedy was succeeded by Sergeant 
1st Class Ernest W. Bills, but as this soldier was shortly 
transferred to an outgoing squadron, he was replaced by 
Sergeant 1st Class Joseph A. Bonneau. 

Corporal Irving Barkley was the original Supply Ser 
geant of the 633rd Squadron, but remained with the organi- 
zation only for a short while, as he was placed on special 
duty at the Ground Officers' Training School. Corporal 
Barkley was succeeded by the present organization Supply 
Sergeant, Sergeant 1st Class Robert T. Philp, a native 
Californian. Much credit is due Sergeant I'hilp, as the 
condition of squadron supplies was decidedly chaotic at 
the time of his taking it over. The "old boy" has stuck 
with the organization through thick and thin and claims 
that he will be with then to the end. 

An organization formed by the members of the squad- 
ron which lias gained considerable fame, is the Order of 
I. M. A's (Indoor Military Aviators). The name was sug- 
gested by Sergeant Folk while in a sarcastic frame of 
mind and was adopted by the "Board of Governors" of the 
club. A number of delightful dances and banquets have 
been staged by the I. M. A's., all of which have been 
eminently successful from every standpoint. 

The organization is extremely proud of the number of 
enlisted men which have been commissioned direct or sent 
to the various Officers' Training Schools throughout the 
country and later commissioned. It is a conservative esti- 
mate to state that 75 men have been commissioned directly 
and indirectly from the 633rd Squadron. It might be 
added, under the order which was issued just prior to the 
signing of the armistice and which permitted direct com- 
mission of men in the ranks of the Air Service, that of 
seventeen applicants from this organization, fifteen were 
passed and recommended for 2nd Lieutenancies in the Air 

Every member of the 633rd Squadron regrets that his 
silver service chevrons are not gold, but to their credit. It 
must be stated that it is not their fault as every Sergeant 

.Major the squadron has had can tistify. The enlisted 
personnel of the 633rd Squadron has operated the Post 
Supply Office from the beginning, and as all the boys can 
testify, there has been plenty of work on this side of the 
ocean even if they were all anxious to cross to the othfr 


Master Electrician — McFadrten, James. Sergeants 1st 
Class — AiiuiHi'i-. Herbert N., Crane, liarolil K.. Pliilp, liobui I 
'I'., Cratttjn, Stacey, Houran, Virgil J. E., The.laU.r, Albert K., 
tiillcn. TlKimas T., Folk, Ernest Ij. Jr. SergeantB — Gaffney, 
Walter A., Crouch. Edwin O., Miller, Joseph 1.., IJunean, Mark 
I/.. Rittle, Edwanl J., Biehl, diaries C, Johnson. Carl (!., 
Kiely, Waltur H., Stedman, Pavil N., Van Story, James C, 
Comrey, IJanlel B., Arnstein, Alexander H., Kroll, John H.. 
Lyman, Watson, Collins, Rav M., Harrison, l^'ranU \V., Wilson, 
faul A., Itigby, Jourdan, Bellis, Robert C, Hayc-i--. Rntlicrford 
B.. Ijockett, Boyce H., Nichols, Marvey E. Corporals — .\ndii'- 
son, Roy C, Freed, George W., ,Iohnson, E<l\\;ird U.. l,iiln'rt, 
lr\-ing, Shafer, Howard M., Vi-oman, Ross \'., ^"I'ling, (b-nfm-, 
Kagan, Edward S., Knoll, Robert O., Kriegel, William 1'., 
hangston, Charles W., Miniler, James L,., Wickci-shani, 
lOmmett c., Woj^strand, Conrad, Stockland. Marvin O. 
Chauffeurs 1st Class — Hearse, Herbert F., Conway, Oliver J., 
I rittenileii. Williiini T., Muldowney, Edward A., Zacheis, Harry 
\V. Chauffeurs — lilevins, Elvis C, Collins, William E., Con- 
nellee, Edj^ar L., Hansen, Svcnd U., Hinrlchs, Charles A.. 
Hauser, Frederick L., Hyde, Earl F., Elliott. Raymond S., 
Johnson, Leslie R.. Laabs, William F.. McConnel, Randall J., 
Maus, Richard, Mitchell, James E. Jr., Mueller, Henry F., 
Molton. George S., Nason, Harold L., O'Connor. Thomas F., 
Price, IIUKh M., Strohm, William (!., Rainey, David M., Thomp- 
son, Charles S.. Tunlev. Janu's R., Watson, Harry J., Wise, 
Leslie M., Worthey, Alliert W. Cooks — DelSignore, Anthony, 
Ingerman. Lewis., William C, Marshall, Hoy B., 
Mieholskl. John, Narvaez, David, Nicholas Limberis, Peters. 
R. G. Privates 1st Class — Chumney, Charles T.. Howanl 
Guy O.. Hutchings. Philip J., Kershaw, Robert A., King, Sam 
H., Kay, Arthur B., Lassen, George, Loyd, Dick, Nason, Floyd 
G., Norton, Herbert E., Orr, William, Rothmund. Cyril R,, 
Rose, Dewv V., Roth, Frank A., Rodgers, Frank R., Schwarz. 
fritz, Stiange, George S., Tennyson, Eugene R., Trump, 
Clarence A., Turple, James M. Privates — Eadgett. Floyd, 
Bethke, Ed., Biel, Emil, Billingslea, Ellis L., Boardman, Evan 
L., Brown, Edward W.. Byrnes, Clarence O., Carter, James H., 
Culmer, Howard B., Elder, William C, Girouard. Sagness, 
Hafer, Henrv E., Hutchinson, D.ave, James, Samuel E., Kasper, 
Alfred E., McManus, George R., Pasternack, Louis M., Powell. 
George L., Schuette, Albert, Starr, Antonio G., Snoen, Haakon, 
Swanson, Charles R.. Baass, John V. W., Doak, Robert A., 
Nichols, John S., Beavers, Glenn, Britton, Joseph H., Buc.\. 
Cnarles E.. Ross, Bert. Lammey, Eugene H. 


MIDDIiE — J'llin Weber, t'. S. -Army, i^eader (Band). 
Abraham Frank.-l. I^eader (Orchestra). 

FIRST BOW — Chas; W. Howd. Violin. James E. Unger, 
Violin, Harry L. Miller. Violion, Benjamin Satran. Violin. 
Arthur A. .lellison. Violincello. George Ci. Myers, Baritone. 
Harry G. Thompson, Baritone, John Cerve, Clarinet. Harry A. 
Shaw. Clarinet. Phillip Mallozzi, Clarinet, Wm. L. Remfrey, 

Second Row — Wm. D. Moskovits, Violin, Harry C, 
Downing, \'iolin. Adolph Bernick. Violin, Michael Yurko, 
Violin, W. L. \A'aterhonse. Violin and Clarinet, Raymond W. 
Frey. Horn, Ernest A. Mallett. Mellophone. Clinton Grosscup. 
Alto, Rolland Rominger, Alto, James C. Carroll, Alto, Humbert 
ColUicio, Clarinet, Malilon E. Meese. Clarinet, James W. Duras. 
Clainet. William Bullard. Cornet, Herbert C. Clark. Cornet, 
Armandt Patrie. Cornet. Edward A. Hill, Cornet. 

THIRD ROW — H. Hovey Houghton, Flute and Piccolo, 
Russell O. Bauman, Flute, Bruce R. Huff, Oboe. Marion J. 

'l'ownsen<l. .Soiiiano. Sa.\aiil e. Kal|)h I. Bniinell, Bassoon, 

Guy E. Collins, Tenor Saxaphone, Harold J. Miller, Baritone 
Saxaphon, Hubert L. Patterson. E-flat Bass. Bryan Altnian. 
HB-flat Bass. Alvin .-Vnderson. BB-flat Bass, .Edwin J. Farwel!, 
Trombone, Irl D. Dixon. Trombone. James F. Hayth, Trombone, 
Dudolph A. Olson, Trombone. Arthu E. Graves. Trombone, 
.(anies G. Wehrman, Trombone, Arthur A. Richards. Trombone, 
.Andrew A. Phillips, cornet. Ralph W. Perkins, Cornet, Eugene 
D. Farrow, Cornet, Charles Werner, Cornet, W. I. White, 

STANDING — Herbert A. Ferrille, String Bass and Cornet. 
John E. Eiickson. Jr., Piano, Leslie C. Howard, Xvlophone. 
Drums, Dannie S. Felton, Bells, Drum, Traps, Bernard B Havs, 
Bass Drum. 

NOT IN PICTURE— W. E. Wanlass, Violin and CIarin<>t. 
Humbert i '..nte-Trastono. E-flat Clarinet. Ralph W. Bottriell 
Clarinet. Anthony .Stacio. Alto Saxaphone, BenJ. H. SmiUi' 
BB-flat Bass, 



ROBABLY the first ambition of a "rooliie" is to be- 
come a member of a definite organization, wliere he 
can give vent to his pride and enthusiasm on being 
in the Army and by worliing for the interest of some 
definite organization. The 21st day of December. 1917. 
brought with its dawn such a blessing to 150 men gathered 
from nil parts of the country. That night — line 27. in 
the old First Training Brigade — was the happy reception 

hall for the 150 joyous chaps. Deep down 

in their hearts these men were filled with 
pride and determination to make their 
organization one of credit, and one on the 
early out-going list of Squadrons. 

The elements seemed to have conspired 
■with the Army Officials in giving this 
Squadron many tests of endurance, both 
physical and mental. The night of January 
10th, 1918. Kelly Field was visited by one 
of those famous surprise sand storms, and 
lo and behold, what a havoc one such can 
produce! There, in the pitch dark, blinded 
by a cold dust-luden wind, none but the 
brave could endure. But the early morning 
found our organization practically intact and 
hovelled together fifteen and twenty in each 
remaining serviceable tent. 

On January 14th, we were filled with 
both joy and misgiving, for it was then orders were re- 
ceived for our departure from the First Training Brigade. 
This order also brought with it a change of officers. Wc 
had thought that an order to move could mean but one 
thing, and that was to start on a long journey across the 
pond. Our joy was short lived however, as we found out 
soon afterward that we were bound for the Second Train- 
ing Brigade. On top of this dissapointment we were to 
have new officers, and we felt we had been robbed both 
of our home and of our Daddy, but after a few hard days 
of building our new camp and getting in personal contact 
with Lieut. Whelden. our new Commanding Officer, and 
Lieuts. Beal. Carter and Neeley, we soon found that there 
were a lot of good fellows in the Army's Commissioned 

Our life in the Second Training Brigade was practically 
confinement to camp, as we seldom had the privilege of a 
pass, being required to be in shape for immediate travel 
to the Port of Embarkation: in fact, not u day passed but 
an orderly rushed in from Headquarters with the request 
for a report of our personnel, records or supplies. Head- 
quarters never caught us asleep on reports, for M, S. E. 
Frank Judge simply ate up the paper-work. His advice 
and counsel was sought by all and it was rumored that 
he assisted many ardent admirers in phrasing their love 
mcEsage to "her" at home. Our equipment was always the 
best to be had for Sergeant 1st Class Walter C. Grace, was 
always first to scent the arrival of any new stuff for issue. 
and if it only depended on equipment, we would have 
been in France among the first. 

During this period little crabbing was done by the 
boys, even though deprived of all privileges, and detailed 
for fatigue or guard. All were ready to put up witli any- 
thin,n. jiroviding the reward would be overseas service. 
What little lime we had for recreation w-as easily taken 
advantage of, and a cracking good baseball team developed 

Lieut. G.T. WHELDEN 

under the enthusiastic leadership of Sweeney, hailing from 
the environment of New York, and a promoter of pugilistic 
matches. Many a good team went down to defeat at the 
hands of our sluggers, and possibly through the wise judg- 
ment of our umpire, Lieut. Whelden. 

It was while at the Second Training Brigade that our 
number was changed from the 236th. to the 662nd Aero 
Supply Squadron, as the entire Air Service was being 
re-numbered in order to conform with the 
late War Department plan. This change, 
as did all orders, affecting the Squadron, 
again gave grounds for a rumor that we 
were to leave at once for France, and on 
March 1-lth. 1918. a wild cheer went up when 
notice was given to pack up and break camp; 
but we were only destined for another dis- 
appointment and a wild night's experience, 
for at one o'clock that afternoon, a line of 
trucks pulled up which soon carted us over 
to Kelly No. 2. There we were to take the 
lines Which were to be left vacant by the 
615th Aero Squadron, which was bound for 
the Happy Hunting Ground. As there were 
no quarters available, we were forced to 
spend a night in three hangar tents — and 
where is the man who will ever forget the 
job we had in erecting those shapeless circus 
tents? In the teeth of a cold wind and steady drizzle, we 
worked long after dark to get in under cover. However, we 
were rewarded with a cracking hot meal well prepared 
under the most trying circumstances by our able kitchen 

Our life in Kelly No. 2 proved very interesting, although 
the hours of work were long and hard, as practically every 
man was assigned to Special Duty in the field to work 
on airplanes and motors, a work full of interest and one 
that made you feel that you were doing a real service, or 
would soon be properly trained to take the long looked-for 
trip. We worked both day and night shifts, and our cooks 
were compelled to give a regular cafeteria service, but 
lived up to their jobs like real men. The opportunities 
to go to the city were much better here, providing you had 
the time or were not too tired to entertain the ladies. 

As a rule, with most organizations, there are periodic 
spells of grumbling about the mess, but as an organization. 
there have been very few days when there was dissatis- 
faction with our eats. This can be considered remarkable 
when you take into consideration that our organization 
messed in the field longer than any other in Kelly Field. 
All our meals until late September were eaten in the open 
and prepared on the old field ranges with no cover but the 
sky. and neither rain, wind nor dust dampened the deter- 
mination of the cooks to put out real chow, and the well 
known army stew rarely found a place on our daily menu. 
This remarkable record was due to the fine spirit in the 
kitchen under the able leadership of Sergeant 1st Class 
Paul P. Groben. a man always on the job. 

While at Kelly No. 2 we soon began to appreciate 
the Y. M. C. A. for we were steady patrons at the movies. 
lectures, vaudeville sketches, boxing bouts etc., in all of 
which the 662nd were able to furnish participants. The 
building was directly across the road, therefore very ac- 


<- ».v- .. *»• ^ ^ 

^ ., 


cpFsible. so that all their bulletins were read with interest 
and every privilege taken advantage of. We can not give 
the Y directors too much credit for the attention they gave 
us and the fine programs rendered under their direction. 

A man who served a twenty-tour hour tour of guard 
there, most assuredly did a day's work as no one could 
get a wink of sleep in the guard house. When we were 
hauled back to mess all we could do would be to grab a 
few bites in our hands, for the chauffeur was constantly 
honking the horn, signalling to pull out again. 

At last it Ciime — on May 9th. 191S. a great big envelope 
marked. "Confidential" with Travel Orders No. 19 con- 
tained therein; we can prove it in black and white. 
and it has the official seal on it. It was a "grand and 
glorious feeling" when Lieut. Whelden called a formation 
and told us to prepare to bid Texas farewell as the 661sf, 
662nd. 663rd and 664th. were ordered to the Port of Em- 
barkation and would entrain at 3 P. M. May 11th. 1918. 
Gee! What preparations we did make! All the eats and 
smokes we could gather in were collected for that trip, and 
we lived in ecstacy for a period of three days, but every 
one had overlooked the rabbit's foot or the horse shoe, for 
at 11 o'clock of the morning of departure, a telegram came 
from Washington cancelling our order, and our part in the 
Farewell to Kelly Field consisted of lining up at the rail- 
road trucks to bid a sad and gloomy farewell to the other 
three Squadrons when they pulled out. That same day we 
received orders to report to the Aviation General Supply 
Depot on the Frio Road, in Kelly Field, and the next day 
the funeral procession started for that station. It was a 
broken hearted bunch of chaps that pulled in there early 
in the afternoon, but our special training in building camps 
of our own soon provided comfortable quarters for each 
squad, as we pitched our tents on any vacant spot we could 
find next to the warehouse. 

It is here we had our full share of guard duty, for it 
seemed we were on every other day but there was one 
redeeming feature; we had real shot guns and real ammu- 
nition that would actually do some work if called on for 
duty, and then too. we had the pleasure of filling the 
hearts of the new rookies about the field with awe and 
fear, because we walked our posts with fixed bayonets 
and none cared to approach within jabbing distance. 

Early in the month of August a trip was taken to New 
Braunfels, Texas, in trucks and a week end trip was 
enjoyed at Landa Park where wonderful swimming 
facilities and plenty of dancing were offered. A good mess 
was provided as the kitchen equipment was carried with 
us. All men were able to attend, as the two Squadrons 
at the Depot alternated in taking care of the necessary 
duties at the Depot while each one took pleasure in this 

To show that the 662nd was alive to the occasion it 
was the first organization to give a "Victory Dance" after 
the signing of the Armistice, and on Saturday November 
16th an eye opener in the way of a dance was shown to 
the ladies of the nearby city. Having just moved into our 
new barracks (after nearly a year in tents) every man 
was keen to put on a real party. The barracks were cleared 
of all bunks and furniture, and the walls and ceiling 
covered with a maze of red, white and blue streamers. 
At one end of the barracks a platform was built for Kelly 
Field's 15 piece orchestra which furnished a most delightful 

program. Probably one of the greatest surprises of the 
evening was the tasty lunch prepared by the cooks consist- 
ing of three courses, including a chicken salad that will long 
be remembered. During the evening a creditable minstrel 
was staged by three members assisted by the Squadron 

It was not our good fortune to close the year without a 
heavy touch of sadness, for on December 15th we lost one 
of our beloved companions. Chauffeur Walter B. Leonard. 
Anyone who witnessed the military funeral service as held 
by our S(|uadron, cotild readily see wiih what high esteem 
this man was held by his fellow men. 

One and all regret that we were not able to do our 
share over-seas, but the spirit and willingness was most 
assuredly in each heart. We feel this is clearly exemplified 
by our steady and consistent attention to duty in this 
country. We can leave for our homes thoroughly con- 
vinced that we have been well repaid for the sacrifices 
we have made, because of those lasting ties of friendship 
created by associations with real men from all parts of 
this wonderful country of freedom. 


M. E. — .tiiflse, Frank H. Serg'eants 1st Class — Grace. 
Walter C, Grobcn, Paul P., Guy 11. . Stern, l^ouis L., 
DunUellierger, Lloyd L., Eilwariles. Howanl J.. Miller, Charles 
.v., Bjorkluiul, .Alex L. Sergeants — De Luke. Joseph S., Haag, 
Rotiert W., Heliert, Stepli. n I'.. Ilutchin. Wray B.. Ander.son, 
Roliert B., Arizzo, James J.. Imlianey, Frerl, Griffin. Evans 
E., Lennox, Edward L., Skipper, John H., Williamson, John 
G.. Hafer. Harold M., Adams, Lawrence J., Badarzynski, 
Adam F., Hildenbrand, Frederick P. Corporals — Christopher- 
son, .Arthur E.. Mever, Walter J.. Febrey, William H., Von 
Nieda. Rali)h D.. Bailev. Walter E.. Gregory, William F., 
Schapffer. Harry C. Lewis. Robert P.. Hore, Matthew. 
Chauffeurs 1st Class — Comi, ."-Janiuel L. Jr., Gabb, John W.. 
Lonsdon, Thomas. Cliauffears — Beideman, Clayton C, Bur- 
gess. Starratt J.. Burke. Thomas A.. Butler, Laurel J., Elder, 
George M.. Gallagher. Kenneth. Gane. Francis O., Gorney. 
James P., Gumm, John P.. Hawk. Robert. Hess, John M., 
Johnson, Harry W., Keville. Francis T., Riker. Lee, Sturgis, 
Archie. Cooks — Cooper, August E., Grimbilas. Pater J., Grof, 
George J.. Hendrick, Robert W., Herbert, Julius, Milam, 
Herbert E.. Nielsen, Christian, Segar. I^awrence E. Privates 
1st Class — .-\rnold, Russell J., Barnes, Harold O.. Benson. 
Benton L.. Brown. Russell G., Carey, Walter B., Ertel. Fred 
J., Grater, Harry W.. Harvey, Damon M.. Hudson, William 
W. Huff, James B.. Hulin.g, Meryl R., Johnston, Glen R.. 
Kearnev, Joseph P., Kent. Emerson, Koehn. Calvin F.. Lutz. 
Warren R., Miller. Russell C. Robinson, Guy A., Schiller, 
Oscar J.. Steenland. .Henry M., Thompson. Ralph J. Privates 
— Gegelman, Harry, Bell. John H., Bergevin. Trifli, Boniley, 
Walter H., Boone, Charles A., Broesch. Oswald H.. Brown. 
John. Christensen, Emit A., Cooper, Rotiert L., Fischer, John 
A., Flanagan. James J., Hannon, Guv W.. Hathaway, William 
H.. Hendrick. Frank N., Herold, William, Hite, John S., Hood, 
Arch, Huber. Francis J., Huffstetler. William A., Hylen. 
Osmund, Janukowic, Sigmond, .lewell. George N., Kimmel, 
Presley H., Kiriloff, Philip, McDowell. Marshall E.. Moore. 
Jesse D., M,\'ers, George, Nelson, Rudolpli F., Newman, Ben- 
.iamine T., Miemier, Joseph J., Penta, Leonardo, Quigley, 
Frank W., Riley. Julius H., Robinson, Rov W.. Robinson, 
Matthew W., Schmidt, Charles A., Schmidt, Louis G.. 
Schrambek, Michael J., Seamaster, Robert M., Seekell, Earl 
T., Shipley, Wiley A., Smith. Jasper M., Smith, Raymond, 
Sosebee, Thomas F.. Spence. Jim. Stubbs, Roger Q. M.. Swan- 
son, Elmer, Trautwein. Ernest C, Truitt, Guss. Tvrl, Clarance 
F., Vibbert, John H., Walker, Arthur P., Walker, Herbert R.. 
Walker, Gather G.. Wilbanks, Lee, Wilkins, John H., Wilcutt. 
I^owell E., Willey. Rexford C, Wright, Charles A., Wright, 
Ivcn M., Young, Ora F. 

George T. Whelden, 1st Lieutenant, Air Service, M. A. 
Attended Purdue University. Lafayette, Ind., 190(1-1909. Second 
Training Camp Fort Harrison. Ind. Infantry. August, 1917. 
Kelly Field, Air Service December, 1917. to present date. 
Commissioned November 27, 1917, at Fort Monroe, Va. 



B.N'E of the busiest organizations at Kelly Field is 
the GToth Aero Supply Squadron, of the Aviation 

1 General Supply Depot. For more than twelve 

months the members of this squadron have worked in- 
cessantly in the big warehouse located on the Frio City 
road, handling in that time vast quantities of aero supplies 
with an aggregate value of millions of dollars. 

This squadron was first designated as the 337th. but 
was, on February 1. 1918. changed to the 675th for reasons 
best known to those in authority. Line thirty-one of the 
Recruit Camp in Kelly Field No. 1, was selecteu as the 
point of organization; the first men chosen as its members 
being sent there for duty during the first days of Decem- 
ber, 1917. Unlike the other squadrons which were formed 
on the field, each man was personally examined by the 
officers in command of the organization before being 
assigned for duty, special emphasis being placed upon the 
man's fitness and ability. Consequently when the organi- 
zation was completed the officers knew which men were 
best qualified for the various duties that 
were to be filled in the operation of the 
Supply Depot. 

It was during the time that Kelly Field 
was at its best that this squadron was 
organized. That Is, when the largest num- 
ber of men were in the field. Then it was 
that every one was a rookie and with a 
few exceptions all, at that time, were .get- 
ting their first taste of army life. Those 
the days when sandstorms and 
predominated in Kelly Field. 



Mess halls, bathhouses and other buildings 

of shelter and comfort were as unknown 

as the regular meal was to the swarming 

multitude of rookies, who at that time con- 

Lieul. J 

stituted Kelly's enlisted personnel. The Field was in the 
making and the 675th Squadron was one of the products 
of those never-to-be-forgotten days. 

Following the organization of the squadron. Line 31 
was vacated and temporary quarters were made in the 
huge warehouse of the Supply Depot where the men were 
to work. At that time, there was very little work to be 
done, as the handling of the aero supplies proper had not 
begun. The men had it very easy for a spell, bunk fatigue 
being their main occupation. But they were rudely 
awakened from their dreams and ere many days had 
passed, supplies began to arrive from all points of the 
country. Some were for storage and some were for .dis- 
tribution to aviation fields not alone here but overseas. 
It was not an easy matter to develop expert "Gold Brickers" 
into real plebeian laborers, but it was done. The men left 
their bunks of ease (with many a stretch and groan) and 
turned to their important work with alacrity. As days 
melted into wrecks and weeks melted into months the 
work continued to increase and to the ex- 
tent that the old adage of "Eight hours for 
work, eight hours for play and eight hours 
for sleep," was overruled and forgotten. At 
such times the elite office force vied with 
the hard boiled K. P's. for honors as jugglers 
of lumber, airplanes and "everything." The 
surroundings were exceptionally good, uow- 
ever. and the men carried on. 

The inrush of merchandise was such that 
the space occupied by the men in the ware- 
house had to be sacrificed and they were in- 
stalled in tents located within a few yards 
of the west wing. Shortly afterwards the 
, W. DEAN tents were abandoneu and the men were 

mmijitig installed in permanent barrzc""''. 



Then there came a lime when the desire to go over- 
seas was felt. Men were needed badly, of course, and the 
members of the 675th considered it their duty to go. 
They tried; but in vain. They were told that they would 
do their fighting in Kelly Field and that transfers wer" 
not to be thought of. "Men in Kelly Field are allowed to 
transfer," they argued. "And so they are." replied the 
commanding officer, "but the 675th is not under the juris- 
diction of Kelly Field and you are in a class by yourselves." 
Later, when the Germans launched their big offensive and 
the indications were that every available organization in 
the United States would be needed to stem the tide, many 
wild reports originnlcd and circulated in the outfit as to 
when the 675th Squadron would be a part of the American 
Expeditionary Forces. Each and every rumor was de- 
clared to be "official," but each and every one went the 
way of the usual camp report, and like the Castle in Spain 
it would vanish with the rose-tinted morning mist. But 
the reports continued to come, and finally, when it was 
officially announced that the syuadron would be given in- 
struction in gas defense, the wise ones declared eloquently 
and positively that it meant nothing more or less than 
service in foreign lands. The gas drill was completed in 
due time and many of the men made their last will and 
testament in preparation for their trip across. When ar- 
rangements had been fully made, the news broke, telling 
of Germany's desire for peace, and the hopes of the men in 
the 675th died to give phice to thrills which the signing 
of the armistice brought, 

A considerable number of the enlisted men of the 
squadron were sent to the various training camps for 
officers. It is doubtful if any other squadron in Kelly 
Field equals the record made by the men chosen to attend 
these camps. 

Lieut. John C. Dewey. Jr., was the first Commanding 
Officer of the Squadron. This officer together with Lieut. 
William P. Bates, who was transferred to the Aviation 
General Supply Depot at Houston, Texas, organized the 

At the present time Lieut. J. W. Dean, who comes from 
Rome, Ga.. is guiding the squadron's destiny. Lieut. Dean 
enlisted at Memphis, Tenn., was sent to S. M. A., Atlanta. 
Ga., was assigned to duty at Kelly Field on May 17. 1918, 

and Squadron A. Kelly No. 2 soon after and later trans 
ferred to the A. G. S. D. and the 675th Aero Squadron 
which command he now holds. 


Master Electricians — Scheidegger, Fred J. Sergeants 
1st Class — Arthur, Fi-iink E., Elmerson, Richard A., l^aiirin. 
Elmer F., Edelstein, Robert, Welch, Hugh T.. McClelland. 
Odderbert H.. Bowk-s. Ray E.. Krause. Erwin E., Terry. K.ilierl 
E. (deceased) Serg'eants — Standifer, Lilburn E., Wilhite, Robert 
L., Rhodes, Edwin J.. Manchester, Roy C, Aberneth\', Max D., 
Chlnn, Kossuth P.. Krause, Henry C, Shear, Harry S., Borroto, 
Howard 1'., Waitt. Lyman \\"., Cox, Henry F., Bovle, Joseph 
L., Elniore, Ransom R., Lounsburv, Stanley H., Willis. Thomas 
M., Holman, Harr H., Singer, Clayton C., Way. William C. 
Kenny, William C, Shirah, Edgar M., Golden, Louie A. 
Corporals — Cristdl, Thomas M., Rutledge, John B.. Arnette. 
Lex y B., Heath, William K., Clutterbuck, George R., Goodrich, 
Grover G., Smith, Leslie E., Johnson, William H., Fiske, Edson 
W., Barker. William G., Bohannon, I'lyde U.. N'llson. Edgar, 
Wood, John E., Inks, Roy B. Chauffeurs 1st Class — Godfrey. 
Edwin H., Ison. Charles C.. Perkinson. Charles W. Chauffeurs 
— Creacv, Arnold A.. Davis. Wesley J.. Elison, Le Riiy, Good- 
win. Robert E., Gray, Carl S., Griffin, Albert H., Giisham. 
Strauss, Hammons, Frank J.. Manns. William F.. Matheny, 
Sleland W., Meers, Robert, Porter, Albert E., Sherril, Cecil. 
Thibaudeau. Henry. Tibbies, Frederick H.. Dillingham, 
Clarence B. Cooks — Fink. Juluis. Jr., Hill, Calvert, Looper. 
Franklin R., MTller, Albert P., Ottman. Clyde D., Powers, 
John A.. Rej'nolds. Charlie G.. Saunders. Samuel S, Privates 
1st Class — Allen. William H.. Bennett, .Sam C. Dower. Frank 
R,. Dugger, M. D. Jr.. Griffin, Maurice E.. Haase. Charles !>.. 
Henslee. Hugh H., Higginbotham. Paris C, Law. David G.. 
Xernbegg. Maurice A., Poe. Thomas M,. Matheson, James A., 
Sobisek, Frank J.. Trauger, Leo. L.. Walsh. Frank J. Privates 
— Beardon. William E., Block, Samuel M., Bodoin, Nicholas, 
Brandes, Robert H,, Davis. Paul A., Fisher. Virgil E., Grime, 
Herschel E,, Gutierrez. Francisco. Harnitchek, John E.. Hirth. 
Albert J., Howard. Edgar C, Huddleston, Joe, Jones. Gomer. 
Kent. William. Leary, Francis T.. Lofton, Oliver L., Ornes, 
Christian J,, Settle, Aaron. Steimer. Walter W.. Stewart. Chas. 
A., Wolnik, Peter, Worley, Gano E,. York, Jimmle D. Privates 
Transferred in — Bow-en. Thomas M.. Bowen. Willie E.. 
Buchanan, Homer B,, Burns. Ross E.. Busby. Daniel W.. 
Barlow. Gerold O.. Bloodworth. Elbert B.. Bloodworth, Finnie 
A., Bibb, Aubrey W., Buehrer, George, Burt, Arthur B.. Wit- 
trock. Edward L., Harster, Emil, Hulette. Lonnie,. Hatchett. 
Franklin N.. Knetsch, Edward A,, McKay, John P., Myers. 
Joseph N.. Peterson, Ray C, Pond, Clifford M.. Richardson. 
Clarence E., Regini. Lawrence D.. Russell. Charles E.. Stone, 
Martin J,. Thurston. Irving J., Cooper. Howard E.. Wahl, 
Leonard A.. Brown, Herman A., Clements. Hiriam G., 
.\delstone, Ben B. 



MO\G the many Aero Squadrons organized at Kelly 
Field and of the few to remain during the process 
of demobilization, the 681st will be long remembered 
as "The Transportation Squadron." 

Organized April 19, 1918. as a measure of relief for the 
S23rd Aero Squadron, which at that time had a personnel 
of nearly five hundred men, the 681st took 218 members 
of that organization and operated in connection with it 
until August 14. 1918. when there was a general rearrange- 
ment of practically all of Kelly Field No. 1. At this time 
many men were transferred to Camp John Wise, a train- 
ing school for balloonists and the few men left in the 323rd 
were assigned to the 681st. All men were maintaining 
sincere hopes of going over — seas and it was believed at the 
time that those transferred to the Balloon School were the 
fortunate ones, but army orders proved otherwise. 

The executive department of this squadron has been 
subject to change without notice, so to speak, and during 
the nine and one-half months since its organization, has 
met with four different Commanding Officers, the first of 
whom was Lieut R. D. Wilson, at that time commanding 
the 323rd Squadron. With Lieut. Wilson was Lieut. H. J. 
Russell, Supply Officer, later transferred elsewhere and 
relieved by Lieut. J. Harold Carroll. As .Mess Officer. Lieut. 
H. V. Cahill was looked upon as the original "Good Chow" 
man. Lieut. Cahill was one of a number of Kelly Field 
officers ordered to France. Shortly after his departure, the 
Squadron Mess was taken over by the School for Bakers 
and Cooks which operated thru supervision other than the 
squadron commander. 

Lieut. Gay Crum became the second Commanding Offi- 
cer and was acknowledged by all members of the outfit as 
"A man's man." During the month of Xovember, 1918, 

Lieut. H. W. Regeter was assigned to the squadron in the 
capacity of Adjutant and was relieved by Lieut. L. H. 
Pitkin who took command following the discharge of Lieut. 
Cram in January. 1919. 

A review of the socal activities of the 681st is perhaps 
not as bright as those of the other organizations, there 
having been but three occasions during which the 681st 
extilcd itself and made merry. The first affair was a dance 
and supper given May 8th. 1918. The comment on this 
affair, both in the field and San Antonio, out shone that of 
any other of the season's events. 

Thanksgiving Day was the next celebration. As the 
armistice had been signed on November 11th, the ties of 
conservation were loosed and a feast, sucu as Kelly Field 
Uad never before displayed, was set before the members 
cf the squadron and their guests. 

A farewell dance, held at one of the hotels in San 
Antonio was the third contribution by the squadron tt 
the members and their families. An evening of pleasure 
A as arranged to conform with the conventionalities of the 
South and meeting the requirements of the most exacting 

Among the members of the 6Slst are men who 
practically maintained the Transportation system as 
operated on Kelly Field. Many of these men were traffic 
managers and men familiar with the motor transportation 
problem as it existed before their entry into army life. 
With their assistance the Transportation Department for 
the field was organized, covering everything necessary for 
tlTe operation and maintenance of the motor transport. 
Many mechanics, men expert in their line, were placed on 
duty as repair men and with the help and cooperation of 
all concerned, the Transportation Department was at ail 
times ready to meet any emergency. 


While the subject of becoming a civilian once again is 
the foremost topic of the day, the men continue to work as 
bard as durins the days when their hifiliest aim was to be 
sent to Europe. All will be glad to return to civil life and 
until that time they will continue to do their bit. However, 
meanwhile, in the mind of each and every one there lies 
the greatest of dissappointments — not getting overseas. 

Twice during the existence of the 681st. death visited 
the squadTcn. On December 15. 1918, Pvt. Melvin J. Savage 
passed away, a victim of pneumonia while on furlough 
because of a brother lost at sea in service. Ten days later. 
Christmas. Day. the organization lost a second member. Pvt. 
E. H. Shields, who also was a victim of pneumonia. 

The organization was fortunate in being what may be 
termed centrally located. A few moments walk from 
tin ir place of duly and within a stone's throw were located 
the Post Exchange. Y. M. C. A. No. LSI. the largest and 
newest on Kelly KieJd, Post Headquarters, the Camp 
Library, main post office and a few steps further, the 
Y. W. C. A. Hostess House. 


M. E, — Keller, Udell S. Serg-eants 1st Class — Backofen, 

.Mpx. r,., Wilts. George S.. McC'urlh.v. Ktrriaii. Baker, Milledge 
.\.. Kaiiviau. Hanul. Hatch, Edward B., Pritchanl. Clarence 
\V. Serg'eaiits — Doyle, David. Mlleham. John S., Mitchell, 
,J.;nies 10.. 'Jrusinhery, Rile.v R.. Goofison, Hazon S.. I.,ee(loni, 
Paul S.. Myers. Howanl G., Ottev, Paul, Schlegel, John .S., 
Billingslcv, Vorl R.. Binijliani. Robert R.. Bates, Glen E.. 

Marquardt, ICrnest R., Kempt, Richard, Watklns, Donald R., 
McICilibin, Robert B., Blair. William T., Brown, Bert L., Full, 
(loorge H., Thorsen, Kay W. Corporals — llowley, James L.. 
Harned, Charlie, Belan^er, ("UneniT .\ . Cralitree. Paul, Miller. 
Jesse G., Nelson. Ra.\'moniI. .Sfp;iu;;h. l-;imer E., Siel)recht. 
Carl A., Twoinbly, I'Mwanl F.. I'orkin.s. IMoyil, Jordan, Thomas 
J., Smith. Vernon \V., 1 lostcllf-r. William U., Nissen, Hans F., 
Leonard, Otis B. Chauffeurs 1st Class — Bonds, Billle, Coylc, 
James R., Parcells, Norm in H., Pliel|is. Harvey W. Chauffeurs 
— Anderson. Charles C, Arena, Joseph P., Arriiif,-lon. I.uby 
M., Bralnard. Haroki A.. Humsarner. Ward M., Burdick, 
llussill B., Bushnell. Charles H., Cloukey, Waldo M.. Coughen- 
our. Free, Dalv, Thomas .\.. Day, Daniel. Dean, Harry, De- 
Armonil. Haroiii. DeBene. lluKo P., Graham, Fred S., Hart. 
William H.. Jug.-, Sidncv. Max .\I.. Osmari. Clair M., 
Tallierl, Willian) P.. Tliollman, Thomas D.. Tha^•cr, Charles H., 
Willsmi. James G.. Wagner, Morris J.. Yatt.iw. .Mbert M 
Cooks — Bennett, Frank, E^urton. Eiiward A.. I'liunli. Ki.y M.. 
l.llis, William L., Ilolzwarth. Monla D. Privates 1st Class — 
Arndt, .Mfred W., Beam, Jesse L., Daniels. I.oyle, Foley, Frank 
.M., Geist, William I'"., Gilllnf-'hatn. Garland B., Goodyeai, 
William, Greathouse, Virgil E., Helm, Harold A., Landls, 
Beni. L., Larsen, Russell D., Leapoai, Earl F. S., Mays, Joseph 
S.. Morev. Miles W., Newell, George F., Poulson, Charles H., 
Richards Sherrill B., Sicard. Ernest H. Privates — .\noer5on, 
Albert H., .Augustus, Eugene, Hair, Saiiford D., Bartsch. Carl 
P, Bennett. Charles H., Bergamnn, Henry, Bolinder. Carl 
H.. Bland. James C, Briggs, Joe A.. Burton. George L., Camp- 
bell. Warren, Casten, Clarence D.. Colantcmio, Joseph, Dodson, 
Gleen R., Donica. Henrv, Hill, Leslie B.. Knudsen. Eniry T., 
Ledgerwood, Safford M.. McNutt. Walter I).. Mikols Vernie. 
Miller, Milton K., Moffatt, Edmund M., O'Keefe, Hugo VV., 
Ostrand, Axel L., Orr, Archibald A.. Payne, Leland E., Pilley, 
Thomas A.. Raders, Otto F., tiamsbottom. Merle C. Rhoads, 
l.iovd C, Smith, Richard A.. Stacer. Rudolph D., Stemmetz, 
Leslie G., Stillwell, Roy C, Torgerson, Glennie. Trumbcil, 
Malcolm A., Turner, Richard M., Wagner, Edward V.. Weiner, 
Morris White. Robert P., Woracek, Lewis, Yetman, Edward K 



HE 684th Aero Squadron was organized under author- 
ity granted November 1st, the primary object and pur- 
pose of the organization being to form a unit consist- 
ing of those special duty men under the control of the Pro- 
vost Marshal. Cap. J. C. Tureck. More so than perhaps any 
other organization in Kelly Field existant today, credit 
is due to the 684th for the upholding of all the glorious 
precedents of what is commonly known as the "Highest 
Branch of the Service" and more particularly that part of 
the service permanently in camp at Kelly Field. Or to 
put the matter more clearly, the 68-lth is composed of 
Military Policemen, Military Firemen, Provost Guards and 
Squadron Duty men, all of whom were carefully selected 
for the duties which they are required to perform. 

The success of the organization and its unit effective- 
ness are directly traceable to the help of those officers who 
stand out so prominently at Kelly Field, viz.. Capt. J. C. 
Tureck and 1st Lieut. Earl Chadwell; and also to the en- 
listed personal of the office, viz., Sergeant Joseph G. Keely. 
P. E. Abrecht, Sergeant Walter H. Ekdol, Corporal Serverin 
M. Nelson, anu 1st Sgt. Jeaa P. Miller. 

And whether in the Army, or fighting the battles of 
civil life, w^hen difficulties assail, the supreme confidence 
of man in man. "one for all," "all for one," the natural 
outgrowth of association together of such a body of men, 
will bring to the heart of the individuals of this Squadron a 
warmth of feeling, which will result in strengthened morale 
and lend the necessary fortitude and courage to overcome 
these difficulties. Such then is the heritage we have from 
the Array. 


1st. Iileutenant — Brooks, Lawrence L.. A S. A. 2na I.ieu- 
tenant — .h.hns, Clarence E., A. S. H. A.) Serg-eants 1st Class 
— Miller. Jean F., Davis, Coleman, Jerome, Robert E., Burl- 
tram, William N., Longshore, Joseph P. Sergreants — Beye, 
Charles J., Gray, Gordon E.. Higgins, Paul E., Tindale, John. 
Sullivan, George C, Keely. Joseph G., Linger, William, Wel- 
ter. Earle S., Nell, Ernest, Stanton, Michael J., Kienholz, Wil- 
lard C, Mills, John H., Abrecht, Pierre E., Brennan, Carroll J., 
Crumrine, Guy W., Dains, Clarence A., Johnson, Charles L.. 
McAuliffe, Fred E., Mosher, Ralph E., Ekdol, Walter H., Nel- 

son, Severin M. Corporals -Geiss, Harry J., Welin, Gustavc. 
Sherwood. Harold T., Shay, Francis J., Easier, Winficld, R., 
Casey. Robert E., Geller, Nathan, Hains, Alva R., Huckabee, 
Daniel C Mott, Lee J., Webber, Morris A., Farmer, James L., 
Corrigan, Thomas. Chauffeurs 1st Class — Knorp, Parvin E., 
Frizzell, Ralph F., Blanton. Linwood, Mc.\lpine, George R., 
Mahon. William E. Chauffeurs — Griffith, John H., Dickman, 
Donald W., Haymann, Ernest A., Maher, John J., Robertson, 
William J., Isham, Lawrence B., Eraser, Howard C, Bachelder, 
Carroll F., Buckenhorst, Harry, Kahn, Theodore, Hodges, 
Grady W., Campbell, Thomas R., Fitzpatrick, Peter J.. Gray, 
John J., Hart, William R., Moss, Othel D„ Weiland, Ch.-irles 
J., Patton, Jesse E., Aubuchon, Louis A., Berryman, Fmnk E.. 
Good, Myron L,, Jacobs, Andrew W., Piatt, Fred H. Cooks — 
Brown, William. Privates 1st, Class — .\rnold, Herman J., 
Bartram, Clarence E., Bgorkum, Rieder, Goldstein, Louis, 
Kneisl, Lawrence F., Lisek, Stanley C, Lopez, Edward A., 
Reese, Otto F., Neugebauer, Raymond T., Peterson, Allen L., 
Rogers, George S., Shroyer, George A., Walker Ray C. Privates 
— Alnies, Arlington V.. Anderson, John B., Andres, Edward M., 
Bash, Harry L.. Battle, Grant A.. Blair. Austin W., Boland, 
Harry J., Bowser, George C, Brass, Howard E., Brittian, 
Arthur E., Brock, Isaac N., Bryan, Frank, Burch, Robert D., 
Butchce, Rufus M.. Buxton, James M., Canter, Julius, Carson, 
George J., Cella, John P., Chiappelone, Richard F., Clark, 
Norman, Cline, Paul B., Comlin, James, Cope, Judge A., Craw- 
ford Claude W., Creighton, William D., Curran, Eugene D.. 
Cutler, Roscoe M., Danielson, Myron C, Decker, Bert R., 
Dixon William R., Donaldson, Stanley, Doolcy, Raymond S., 
Dreyer, John H., Kmart, Elmer R.. Fitzgerald. Thomas F.. 
Foster, Hugh R., Frye, Joseph N., Geer, James N., Gerber, 
WilliamL., Gillihan, Arthur I., Glover, Donald V., Grage. 
Harry W.. Griffin. Samuel R., Groemling, Konrad F.. Halsey, 
Lewis A.. Hartsell, Walter H., Harvey, Harold E., Hewitt, 
George E,, Jankewiak, Anthony J., Jean, Napoleon, Johnson, 
George L., Kimsey. Garnett, Kuntzman. Clarence R., Lachner 
Joseph, LaFrance, George E., Lauder, James J., LaVista. 
Anthony, Maloney, John J., Massey. Herbert W.. Matejka, 
Rudolph J., Matthews, Jessie, Meador, William J. B., Morris, 
Frank J., Nelson, Edwin A., Nicoll, Henry P., O'Connor, Grant., 
Oleson, Clifton P., Olson, Leonard C, Paro, George W., Pen- 
rod, Elmer E., Pleukharp, Walter H., Ray, Paul B., Reese, 
Frank M., Rice, William B., Savage, Edward H., Scruggs, 
Frank W., Sharp Russell L., Shellon, Willis J., Shore, John. 
Slechta, Emil, Steward, John B.. Strieker, Robert H., Strieker, 
Warren W., Stockton, Lawrence A., Swanson, Albert L., Swan- 
son, Hjalmer T., Team, Thomas S., Treasure, George D., Tur- 
ner, Richard P., Walls, Luther, Williams, James L., Will- 
oughby, William M., Wolf, Benjamin E., Wood, David C. 
Wylanis, Joseph. 



mHE 819th Squadron was organized January 6th. 191S, 
being one of the pioneer squadrons of the field. It 
has furnished many of the men who have been in- 
strumental in bringing system and order out of the chaos 
that naturally existed during the earliest periods of this 
army camp. 

John A. Leakens. 2nd Lieutenant, was the first com- 
manding officer, having had charge from the time of its 
organization to March 4. 1918. when he was succeeded by 
William L. Brown. Captain S. E. R. C, who commanded 
from that date to April 4th. 1918. After Captain Brown 
was transferred Harold W. Herllhy. 2nd Lieu- 
tenant A. S. M. A., was the commanding officer for a brief 
period, being succeeded four days later by Samuel Johnson. 
1st Lieutenant A. S. M. A., who was in charge of the 
squadron until Howard J. Templeton. the present com- 
mander was assigned to the S19th on June 13. 1918. 

From the beginning the enlisted personnel has con- 
sisted entirely of men assigned to Special Duty. This made 
the work for the C. O. difficult. To deal fairly with the 
men. he must know the conditions that govern the work 
on the KELLY FIELD EAGLE, the truckdrivers and 
chauffeurs, the various headquarters, the police force and 
practically every other department on the field where the 
men work. However, the enlisted personnel has always 
included men of the highest character and ability. 

In the old Trades Division and Recruit Headquarters 
many of the first members of the 819th Squadron were as- 
signed. Hundreds of rookies, when they were examined 
and rushed through the preliminary functions prescribed 
to convert a raw recruit into a soldier, were instructed and 
given valuable assistance by the 819th men. easing the un- 
comfortable feeling that exists in the hearts of most re- 
cruits. During the last few weeks many of the same men 
from the S19th Squadron have assisted in the or.sanization 
of the forces that handled the demobilization of hundreds 
of men at this station. Throughout both the period of 
organization and also the period of demoblization the 819th 
men have worked zealously and faithfully for the better- 
ment of the service. Many have developed evecutive ability 
that has won for them the highest praise of their superior 
officers and all leave the camp with recommendations that 
will be valuable to them in civilian life. 

Twenty-five members of this organization entered the 
various officers' training schools and an equal number were 
recommended directly for a commission in the .Air Service. 
Ralph J. Lue, Sergeant Major, Wm. K. Conover. Supply 
Sergeant and Jas. B. Nelson, Mess Sergeant of the 819th 
Squadron, rendered valuable assistance to their command- 
ing officer and by their kindness and co-operation with the 
men won their admiration and highest respect. 

Atwood. Ames and Breen. the boxin.g triumvirate and 
the victors in many arena battles, are some of the celebrities 
who have been in the 819th "Bobbie" Simpson, formerly 
mess sergeant, who has gained wide notoriety as a Human 
Fly, is another character of note. 

The 819th Squadron and the spirit of camaraderie that 
always existed among the men will always be remembered. 
Its achievements will be worthy of special mention in the 
history of Kelly Field. 


Adams, Carl R., Armstrong, Leslie E., Avers, Richard E.. 
Baldus, Frank W., Borgis, Francis W., Bradshaw, Eugene M.. 
Breen, Leo, Brooks, Edgar F., Chandler, Arthur E., Carmack, 
Harvey S., Cohen. Dave, Childs, Weddell, Cody. Lawrence C, 
Connor, James D.. Crankshaw, LeRoy L., Conover, William K., 
Cruse, John E., Curtis, Harold W., Davis, Thomas J., DeFriez. 
Hubert W., Delaney. Bernard J., Eberman, Xinian A., Edel- 
man. Roy B., Eismann. Howard C, EUis, Edward, Jr., Epstein, 
Emanuel, Fiser, Geo. D., Fletcher, Clyde R., Floweree. John R., 
Frey, John R., Fox, Russell A., Gibson, Charles G.. FVss, Char- 
les R., Grabowitz, William, Green, George M.. Gladney, Benj. 
F.. Greenland, Herman E., Gregory, Charles F., Griffith, 
Edward C, Hagel. Simon T., Herman, Richard Z., Huber. 
Howard F., Hunt. Robert D., Huckelberry, Lawrence X.. 
Hemby, Earl, lanime, Willie, Jarke, Herman H., Jackson, 
Howard E., Jellinek, Eugene. Johnston, Raymond H.. Jones, 
William R.. Kennedy, William B.. Justilien, Lenward C.. 
Ivoehler, John P., Landeryou, Roy E., Landis, Lawrence M., 
Lederhandler, Gabriel, Lefevre. Albert O., Levva, Lutie, Leach, 
James G.. Lue. Ralph G.. Mabray, Ben D., McAfee. Edward L.. 
McCarthy. Dennis B.. McFarland. Frank M.. Meixner, George 
F.. Moidel, Albert, Marsh, Frederick, Montgomery. Ralph A., 
Xavales, Santiago. Xelson, James B., Xicodemus, Benjamin F.. 
Xangle, William J., Phillips. Herman G.. Pina, Albert. Foe. 
.\lbert D., Pusey. Charles A., Reeves, Fred S., Revnolds, Alton 
C, Ribe. Otto E., Ringol, Charles A., Rowe, John L., Sage. 
Harold, Shafer, Joseph, St. Leger. James M., Shimek. Leopold 
L.. Shofner. Clyde. Smith. Simpson B.. Stewart. Alexander. 
Sterling, William S., Stevenson, George T.. Svmonds. Paul. 
Tesch. Alvin C, Thurston. Hartley J.. Wahler. Geo. H.. White- 
law. Milton M.. Whitson. Louis E.. Williams. George M., 
Willoughby. Wayne B.. Wynne, Leo F., Zipp, Daniel H, 



mHK 820th Aero Squadron of Kelly Field has earned 
its place in the Sun. 
It holds its head high, and justly so. Its record 
is clean, taking it from every standpoint. This squadron 
!s composed of men who were engaged in Trade Testing, 
and for this exacting work men of the highest type, mentally 
and physically, were selected from the start. 

This Squadron was organized January 7. 1918, with 
Captain Harry V. Hand Commanding, he being later ap- 
pointed as Officer in Charge of the Trade Test Board. 
Captain Hand left the command on January 27, 1918, and 
was succeeded as Squadron Commander by Lieut. C. J. 
Doheny, a graduate of the G. 0. T. S. at Kelly Field. In 
the latter part of July. 1918, he was sent to Chicago in 
I harge of a recruitin.g detachment. On January 9. 1919. 
he was made Officer in Charge of the Trade Test Board 
to succeed Captain Hand who had been promoted to Com- 
mandant of Flying Cadets at Kelly Field. 

On August 9, 1918, Lieut. Spencer Brush took com 
mand, remaining until honorably discharged on January 
2, 1919. Lieut. Robert \V. Paden succeeded him. and is in 
charge at this writing. 

In the latter part of July, 1918. ten detachments of 
ten men each, were selected from this Squadron to go to 
the larger cities of the United States, for the purpose of 
recruiting men particularly suited to the highly specialized 
requirements of the Air Service. The work of these de- 
tachments was highly successful, in that they recruited 
approximately 30,000 men; men who doubtless might not 
have come into this branch of the service. These detach- 
ments returned to the 820th Squadron in the early part of 
November, 191S. immediately resuming their former duties 
at Trade Test Examiners. 

As was stated in the beginning, the S20th Squadron 
was composed of the highest type of men. the nature of 
the work in which they were engaged necessitating this. 
They worked together, co-operated with their superior.^. 
and they are proud, indeed, of the enviable record they 
have established. 

On the whole, the morale of this Squadron has been 
unusually high, every man has done himself proud, and 
we most emphatically state that the 820th Aero Squadron 
of Kelly Field has earned its place in the Sun. 


Master Electricians — Cuvell, Frank H., Kilmer. Philip 
.'^ Serg-eants 1st Class — Gentry, Jim P., Wilson, Newton A. 
Ncsliit. Koljcrt H., Nikulaine, Ananias, Holbrook, I'^red V., 
Tinner, Estey M., Rumlg, Louis J., Kicks, Herbert W., Gustaf- 
.scn, Kmil, Emrick, Halden H.. Ceilings, Ernest, Hagan, 
Charles H., Carty, Henry J., Landry, Frank, Clancy, I'rank S., 
Kevins, Lloyd L., Xelson, Harry V., Pendergrass, V. V.. Ilip- 
WfU. Samuel F., Downey. Fred A., Black, Howard W. Sergeants 
— White, Charles R., Simsonson, Edward J., LincLsitli, Jens 
O., Ludy, Charles S., Harris, Charles S., Lecklider, Fred U., 
Murphy, James, Sweet, Charles V., Peritz, Kaymond M., 
Gerlach, Oscar, Helfrich. Bart F.. Stixrood, Clarence H., Short, 
Robert, Goheen, Paul M., Mays, Chester L., Mays. Fleming L., 
Uandle. John C, Ball, Joseph E.. Wopperer. Frank C, Shook. 
Loland W., McGuire. Nelson S., Hilker, Roy E.. Larson, Otto, 
Williams, Geo. R., Brown, Edward A.. Smoot, Roy E., Daily, 
William L., Watson, Benjamin E., Hartley, William J., Craf- 
fcrd, Jefferson K., McDonald, James II. Chauffeurs 1st Class 
— Jones, Allyn C, McFarland, John II Chauffeurs — Watson, 
Ralph E., McCommons. Charles A.. Lanninj^. Ktiiair K., Welcli, 
Charles J., Carrick, Robert R,, Kitchen, Samuel D,, Huckaby. 
Vernon H., Nester. Walter H., Stehley, George F.. Davis, 
Charles L., Eastman. Charles P., Johnson, Alfred J. Corporals 
— Stephens, Jacob M.. Owen. William H., Broughton. William 
L., Shedd, Charles E., Duhaime. Alpherie L., Mihm, Frank, 
Whitney. Stanley E.. Reynolds. Paul H., Burrell, John R., 
Weir, Don F.. Ball, August K., Bereman. Ellis H., DeMaran- 
ville, Harry T.. Frost. Douglas H., Magyar, Steve E., Varady, 
Arthur, Mau, Raymond F., Knapp, Ralph S.. Husted, Clayton 
L., VanDoran, Logan G., Polhemus, John G., Blough, Edward 
1)., Marr. Paul L.. Weaver. Walter R.. Brown. Clifford M.. 
Brown. Ralph C. Brown, William P.. Aired. Alonzo B., Scherer. 
Edwin L., Whiteacre. Richard C. Woelfel. Clilfnr.l P, Cooks 
— Korts. Alvin S.. Hooten. Lee E. Privates lat Class — Innall, 
Louis P.. Fisher, Adolph G,, Stuard, Thomas L., Vastine, Wiley 
-M., Whitt, Milton. Privates — Condon, William, Cartmell 
Samuel H., Eilwards, Earl N., Jarock, Louis W.. Flynn, John 
M.. Dailey. Thomas F.. Coffman. Roy O.. Van Slyke, George 
H,, Mowbrey. William M., Fourt. Leslie M., Olson. Robert E.. 
Schlageter, Carl F., CunniiiKhani. Robert H., Slorer, William 
W.. Reina. Jim. White. William M.. Keyes. George S., Warner. 
Wilbur v.. Rike. Ray C. Mitchell. Earl J.. TuUos, Leon, Heath, 
Hudson L., Robinson, John B., Treadwell. Dave. 


The Military Police Department and the Intelligence 
Department of Kelly Field were organized in the fall of 
1917, with Lieut. Stratton in direct command of the Military 

In December, 1917, the Intelligence Department and the 
Military Police were separated. Lieut. Porlier was placed 
in charge of the Military Police and Lieut. Stratton as- 
signed elsewhere. Under Lieut. Porlier's command the 
Military Police reached its maximum strength of sixty-four 
men. In May. 1918, Lieut. Porlier was succeeded by Lieut. 
Earl Chadwell, who has since remained Military Police 

During the summer of 1918 the Military Police made 
their greatest number of arrests numbering about 900 in 
one month. The average number of arrests for a month is 
about 270. 

In September, 1918, the Military Police was put under 
the charge of Captain J. C. Tureck as Provost Marshal of 
Kelly Field. The quarters of the Military Police had been 

up to this time in a building much too small for the 
work Ihey were doing and so they were changed to occupy 
a whole building. 

The happenings in the Military Police Department have 
been many. Whole sections of men who were doing the 
work have been ordered to other Fields to form the nucleus 
of Military Police there. Much laudable work has been 
done. The surrounding territory has been cleared of un- 
desirable people. Escaped prisoners have been caught 
under trying circumstances. One man who had escaped 
from three different Guard Houses was apprehended by the 
Military Police when he stepped from under a bridge with 
his gun loaded and ready to fire at any moving object. 
Furthermore, many lost and stolen articles have been re- 
turned to their respective owners. Riots among Chinese 
employees and other civilian employees of the Quarter- 
master Department have been quelled, and similar good 
work accomplished. 



HE ORGANIZATION known as the Second Wing, 

Casual Detachment came into existence on the first 

I day of August. 1918. At the outset it was composed 

of five companies of which the 3rd Company was one. To 
Lieut. Richard H. Street, who was placed in command, fell 
the the task of organizing what was later to become one 
of the foremost companies of the Field. From a group of 
two hundred recruits he moulded a company which has 
for some time been the object of envy of the whole Second 

The personnel of the 3rd Company has always been 
above the average as to trained men. This fact is clearly 
shown by the number of men alw'ays on special duty. 
Over fifty per cent of the company has been used in filling 
special duty positions since it was organized. 

The spirit of the company has closely re- - - 

sembled that to be found in colleges. Com- 
posed of men from all parts of the United 
States, it took some time for them to ac- 
commodate their likes and dislikes, habits, 
sports, and forms of entertainment, into one 
way of doing things. This change gradually 
came about, and one could never tell that 
they had not lived together all their lives. 
In Athletics the 3rd Company was never 
lacking. Because of the uncertainty of the 
time the men would remain in the company 
no team composed entirely of members of 
the 3rd Company was ever organized. How- 
ever when a team was called out to repre- 
sent the Second Wing the names of members 
of the 3rd Company made up the majority 
of the lineup. 

The red blood of true Americans has always been 
represented at its best by members of the 3rd Company, 
and without an exception this company was whole hearted 
in its eagerness to see overseas service. 

Of the first commanding officer of the 3rd Company 
there is little to be said in mere words. The deep respect 
shown him by the men of his command would more clearly 
show the type of man he was. It was with much regret 
on the part of the men that he was relieved from command 
of this company and placed in command of the 6th Com- 
pany, which was one of the companies formed at a later 

He was replaced as commanding officer by Lieut. Fred 
G. Rufs. Though seemingly hard and strict he was never 
known to be unkind or unjust when the case was deserving 
of kindness or lenience. Lieut. Russ was replaced as com- 
manding officer of the 3rd Company by his Adjutant, Lieut. 
Myron R. Wood. In Lieut. Wood the 3rd Company found 
a commanding officer who gained the respect and affection 
of the entire company. The open expression of affection 
of the men came in the form of a beautiful loving cup. 


vhich was presented to Lieut. Wood on December 4th by 
Sergeant Charles A. Pussey in behalf of the entire com- 
pany. Lieut. W'ood has taken a very personal interest 
in the welfare of his men and has done everything in his 
power to make the life of the men a pleasure during their 
stay at Kelly Field. 


Wood, Mvron R., 2nd Lieut. A. S. A. Commanding Officer, 
Abbott, ilortiz. Anisworth, David H.. Anderson, Fortner 
C, Armstrong. William, Barry. Tom, Bery, Fred F„ Burch, 
Wm. E., Chandler, Fred W., Chadwiek, Cyrus S., Clierska. 
Polivas, Clair. James E., Cole. Chester B., Conway, Vaughn 
R., Cook, Luihei- C. Cotton, Albert G., Coulter, Harold B., 
Cuffman, Alton M., Cunningham, Robert H., Curry. Arthur 
C, Cox, Claude V„ Davis, Geo. E., Davis, Jacob W., Davis, 
Jesse C, Dawkin, Wm. L., Dawson, Cloyd H., Dean, Elbert H.. 
UeCouk, David A., DeFreis, Frank, Delaney, 
Harold R.. Devlin, Bernard F., Dial, Everett, 
Dial, Frank S., Dilger, Harold Dixm, Wm. R., 
Doak, Robt. A., Doran, John A., Dunithaii, 
Maynard \-'., Dunn, Jim, Ealy, Wm. H., Easton, 
IJwisht, Eddins, Wm. X., Edelen, Wm. C. 
Edwards, lioy H., Elder, Wm. A.. Elliott, 
Lloyd J., Erwin, Lowell E., Estes, Deddie R., 
Evans, Calvin W., Ewell, Albert, Fallon, Harry 
J., Fisher, Fred E., Flickinger, Emerson R., 
lort, Leonard G., Fresen, Garrat X., Fourt, 
Lelie M., Foster, Sam Arvel, Gant, Harry D.. 
Gay, Albert A., Gilliahn, Arthur I., Gragg. 
Harry W., Golden, John M., Gott. Wm. H.. 
Green. Roland B., Griffin, Jesse J., Griffin. 
Samuel It., Guenther, Walter, Gustine, Wm. 
H., Harper, Oliver W., Hartnett, Roy, Higgins, 
Joseph P., Hodges, Edgar G., Hoke, Harry G.. 
Holland, Wm. M., Horvath, Michlal S., Janes. 
Richard S., Jensen, Servin, Johns, Ira. John- 
son, Clarence J., Kellie, Wm. J., Konovalsky. 
WOOD Albert Jr.. Kuntzman. Clarence R.. Kurtz, 

,- Chas.. Lackey, Larold W., Laizure, Irs D., 

manaing Damkin, Chas E., Larsen, Hans A.. Langley. 

Preston, Leonard, Byron H., Leonard, Edward G., Liddle, Forest 
L., I^indemuth, Lawrence V., Lindley, Frank, Lockard, Marions 
J., Long, Daniel C, Lubbers, Ike R., Lundberg, Milton 
H.. Lyons, Ike. Meade, Alfred R., Martin. Chas. E.. Mathews, 
BenJ., Mercier, Wni. C. Merz, Severin E. H., Moberly, Alva I., 
Moravek, Tom. Morgan, Aza D., Mowbray. Wm. M.. Munday, 
Glenn V., McMahon, John F., Mimer, Elli E., Xoteware, Geo. 
H., Olson, Robert E., Parker, Bert E., Pearce, David R.. Per- 
manter, Wendell S., Puckett, Jewell L., Randall, Sidney H.. 
Randazzo, Sante L., Richards, Samuel L., Rife, Frank W,. 
Riley, James J., Roberts, Richard F.. Robertson, Wesley B.. 
Ross. Walter E., Rowlands, Stewart S., Sago, Osaw, Schlageter, 
Carl F, Schroeer, Theo. O., Skotnicki, Paul P., Stanford, James 
A., Starnes, Walter W.. Sutherland, Ray P., Taggart. John A.. 
Treasure. CJeo. D., Van Slyke, Geo. H., Volkanaur. Elmer M.. 
Wagner, Chas. J., Warsoff, Isodore, Wear, Will Fr\-. Williams, 
James L., Wright, Lawrence, Wyatt, Wm. W. Attached for 
Duty — Barnett, Franklin F., Bernd, Paul Conner, Jamefe D.. 
Marshall. Esrhert P., Pusev. Chas. A. 


"If the C. 0. reprimands you. don't salute the Dext time 

you meet as ne may still be angry and not wish \o speak." 



MHE 6th Company, one of the first companies to be 
orf;anized in the 2nd Wing of the Concentration 
Brigade, and fortunate in the appointment of an 
efficient officer and enlisted personnel has achieved an 
enviable record in the history of this division of Kelly 
Field. First LieutenanI Walter F. McDaniel. the command- 
ing officer, who saw ten months 
service as a flyer in France with 
the American forces, has by his 
fairness and just discipline won 
the esteem and admiration of all 
the men of his command. When 
a passing review is held by the 
commanding officer of the 2nd 
Wing, Concentration Brigade. 
Lieut. McDaniel and his men al- 
ways win highest honors for 

The non-commissioned offi- 
cers, who have assisted in bring- 
ing the company up to this high 
standard are: Joseph L. Franch, 
First Sergeant; William Bates, 
Sergeant Major; W. F. ivic- 
Danold, Duty Sergeant; Rudolph Judimir. Supply Sergeant; 
Fredericli E. McCain Company Clerk. 

This company rightfully boasts of having more men 
on special duty in all branches of governmental work than 
any other company and also that not a single man in the 
company ever served a term in the guard house. 

Only one death occurred in the fith Company, that of 
Private Alfred B. Walters, Jr., while at his home in 
Louisiana during the Christmas holidays. 


Commanding- Officer — Walter F. McDaniel 1st Lieut. A.S.A. 

Al>rams, Earl B., Abrams,, Harrison, Adams, Corbett, 
Adams, Claude D., Adams, Floyd B., Adams, Forrest L., Ad- 
dington, George W., Ahr, Charles J., Akin, Ambrose M., Akins, 
Leon H., Aldridge, Karl J., Allen, Charles P., Allen, Richard 
N., Anderson, Arthur A., Anderson, Argolis L., Anderson, 
John B., Andrews, Hubert E., Ardi.s, James H.. Arnold, Larnce 

Lieut. McDANIEL 

L., Arthur, Thomas J., Austin, Byrd, Bach, Irving J., Bachschi, 
Arthur O., Badgett, George M., Baker, Jack, Baker, James L.. 
Ball, Charles W., Barker, Dempster D., Bates, Dolph, Bales, 
William, Beavers, Glenn. Benedict, Ivan G., Berg, Harry L., 
Biesecker, Byron W., Black, Malcom C, Black, Sanford L„ 
Blackburn, William L.. Blackwell. Clifford C, Blue, John N., 
Bodene, Carl S., Borden, Charles A., Bragg, Thomas C, 
Bulzer, John A., Coker, Gerald F., Combs, Francis L., Cook, 
Homer A., Cookson, John H.. Corse, John P., Copeland, George 
F., Coppack, William A., Cornell. James B., Cowan, Rcmmel 
R., Cradit, Harry R., Cranfill, John D., Crawford, William H., 
Crees, Lawrence, Crees, Thomas, E., Crocker, Arthur J., 
Croskell, Henry H., Cutter, Eugene H.. Dalby, Hiram Floyd, 
Dalton, Daleo E., Daniels, Clarence A., Daniels, Willis F., 
Darrah, William M., Decker, Bert R.. Devine, Patrick A., De- 
vine, John v.. Day, Roger T., Deye, Fred A.. Draper, Charles 
A., Dryer, John H., Dubnick, David D., Dunlap, James W., 
Epperson, Charles G., Evans, Howai'd S., Evans, Russel F., 
Eynon, John H., Flynn, Fred C, Fritz, James R., Franch, J. S., 
Geer, James N., Ghislin, Harry W., Gleason, Thomas F., 
Grabrian, Peter P., Grant, George M., Guenther, Theodore H., 
(5unter, Warren, Hagenbuck, Norman C, Hallstrom, Paul G.. 
Hartzfll, Walton H.. Hedge. Herbert F., Heckert. Byron P., 
Higbee, Charles E., Hone, Mark F., Horton, Edwin L., Hosner, 
Avery L., Howes, Jesse F.. Huddleston. Claude T., Hughes, 
Christopher F., Hunter, Frank W. Infanger. Arthur H., Jacob- 
son, Carl H., Jennings, Leon C, Jean. Napoleon, Jester, Joseph 
B., Johnson, George W., Johnson, John W., Joy, Andrew W., 
Juza, Ralph T., Kelly, John C, Kelly, James P., Keyes, 
George S., King. Harry L., Kirk, Ole G., Kirston, Frederick 
H., L.ackore, Floyd M., Lautzenheiser, Ralph, Lawrence, 
Timothy W., Lee, Ross, Levander. Edwin H. Lewis, Walter 
E.. Mager, Harry, Major, Frederick A., Manning, Joseph R., 
McCain, Frederick E., McFarlin, Walter M., Mclean, 
Coy A., Meador, Smith J., Header, William J. B., 
Miller Walter2 A., Mitchell, Andrew A., Moore, Calvin 
C, Morgan, Wilford R., Morris, Lynn A., Murphy, Robert L., 
Nelson, Severin M., O'Brien, William J., Oliver, Marshall R., 
Ott, George, Parrish, William O.. Paxton, William D., Peters, 
Robert J.. Phelps, Vern V., Phillips, James J.. Pickens, George 
T., Piers, Temple S., Pittser, Linton J., Potter, Claude A., 
Price, James H., Prindle, A. J., Pugh, George A., Pulley, 
Moody D., Queen, George O., Quiller, Earl H., Ralston, Neil, 
Reed, Reuben, Reynolds, Joseph A., Senich, Robert, Rippy, 
Earl A., Schreck, Lawrence, Shaw, Bryon, Shoemaker, R. T.. 
Simms, Raymond A., Sims, Joseph L., Singleton, William, 
Stahl. Harry K., Stonecipher, Elmer R., Sullivan, Lawrence 
O.. Taylor, Sam G., Turner, Loyd D., Thomas, Neal T.. Thomas, 
Verdi, Wallish, Lawrence F., Ward, Allen, Warner, Wilbur V., 
Watson, John A., Watson, William A., Williams. Homer T. 

Sentinel: "Halt, who's there?" 

His Bunkie (Returning from town, and walking straight up to the amazed sentinel): 

know me?" 

"Hello, shorty, don't you 




• rlt^- 

c^l^ra^^, f* r* r% S3i c^ » «" j«^ ^- C^ jr ife"it-^i 






The Seventh Company has an unequalled history, which 
is interesting in connection with the development of the 
Second Wing of Kelly Field. This Company was organized 
September 15. 1918. and consisted of men from Camp Mabry, 
College station. Texas, and Fort Logan., 

Under the command of Lieut. Volney T. Malotte the 
Seventh Company thrived and soon gained the reputation 
of being the best company of the second wing. Some of the 
reasons for its enviable record are the following: 1. 
"Chow." This company was known to hand out the best 
meals of all the companies. 2. A recreation room. The 
only one exi.sting in the 2nd Wing, and installed in the mess 
hall. The men rented a piano, and the Y. M. C. A. loaned 
the company a number of good books. These two reasons 
went a long way in upholding the spirit of the men. Even 
on rainy days the Seventh, with an enrollment of 200 men. 

was a cheerful organization. The following constituted the 
Executive force: Commanding Officer, Lieut. Volney T. 
Malotte, Adjutant. Lieut. F. E. Conrad. Supply Officer. 
Lieut. Brinkley Evans. Acting Sergeants, 1st Sgt. "Top 
Kick" Webb. Duty Sgt. M. J. Brooks. Supply Sgt. B. Pitts. 
Sgt. -Major Wm. E. Jones. Campany Clerk, C. G. Wagner. 
Mess Sgt. E. H. Duffin. and Orderly, "Smiling" Joe Sullivan, 
probably Irish. One other member whom we would feign 
mention was "Fatty" Quattlebaum; rather a queer name 
we admit so "Fatty" was assigned to a queer job of guard 
duty in the neighborhood of the middle of the Company 

The Company disorganized January 31st. 1919. when 
7.5 9^^ of the men were discharged and the rest were trans- 
ferred to different parts of the field. 


William E. Jones, Sergeant Major; Karl G 
Wagner, Ass't Sergeant Major; Edward L., 
Scherer, Clerk. 

Albertson. Arthur, Armose. Laurids M., Baty, 
Lee. Blue. John H., Boedeker, August F., 
Bolen, Fred H., Bolser, Xorman J.. Booth. 
Lloyd L., Boyd. Judson, Braly, Byron B.. 
Breazoall. Foster, Brewer, George M.. Brigg- 
man. Bush, Willie M., Butehee, Rufus M., Cad- 
Marvin J., Brooks, William E.. Brookshire, 
Austin, Brown, Byron B., Brown. Clarence E.. 
Brown. Fred V., Brown, George W.. Brown. 
Leslie C, Brown. William C, Bruce, Finis W., 
Buckles. Dean, Bulla. Ray A., Bungenstock, 
Henry P., Burgess, Noel Q.. Burkhardt. Her- 
man Bush, Willie M.. Butehee, Rufus M., Cad- 
well, Clarence J., Cagle, William R., Cain, 
George E., Cannon, Bustin, Cantrall, Hosea H., 
Carlton, Erby E., 

L:eut. F. E. CONRAD 

Carpenter, Clive J., 
Cave, ■ Wm. N., 
Daugherty, Carl A. 
Davis, Claud, Edenburg, Simon P.. 
Embry, Wendell H., Ewing, Guy 
M., Farmer, Tom P.. Fenn, Weaver 
C, Fielden, Robert L., Fillman. 
Earl J., Flynn, Peter G., Fontenier, 
Paul F., Fort, Sterling, Fordtran, 
BenJ. F., Foster, Don C, Foster, 
Leo J., Fox, John, Fox, John D., 
French, James E.. Fridell, Clyde 
C, Fry, Bert E., Fry, Robert L., 
Fulks, Joseph D., Funk, John H., 
Gattis, Fred G., Gray, John H., 
Grayson, Orion C. Grisson, Clar- 
ence L.. Hamilton, John H., Hodel. 
Otto H., Howard, Carl A., Kirch- 
off. Anthony E., Lange. Walter, 
Larsen, Robert T., Lutz, Frederick 
A.. Martin, Roy L.. Mason, Bert R.. 


Masters, Thomas, Mathison, Merle E., Miller, 
Eugene L., Mitchell. Earl J., Moore, George L., 
Morrow, Joseph A., Moss, Pleasant E., Mc- 
Burne.v, Murray H., McConnell, Wm. W., Mc- 
Culley, Samuel E., McDermitt, Dallas D., Mc- 
Divitt, Lyle, McGraw, .\nthony J., McMullan, 
Connie. McMurray, Herbert W., Nichols, Olin 
O.. O'Donnell. James F.. Pahre, Henry Pearce, 
Richard G., Peter, Ernest, Peterman, Loyd S., 
Peterson, Orval N., Peterson, Oscar R., Petty, 
O. C, Pitts. Bently N., Putnam, Joseph G.. 
Quattlebaum. James R., Racey, Walter W., 
Rasco, Cecil W., Ridout. Leo M., Reed, Harry 
D., Reed. Raymond J., Ritter, George H., Rike, 
Roy C, Rogers, Reginal W., Rowan. James F., 
Rugle, Walter L., Ruggles. Walter A., Rush, 
Elmer, Sauer, Francis J., Saunders, Jesse F., 
Schauer, Ralph V., Schmidt, August F., 
W., Smith, Ira J.. 
H., Smith, Albert 
A., Shannon, Dean 
Schumpp, Edward 

Smith. Walter J.. Spivak, Hayem 

D., Stapleton, Francis F.. Stephens, 

Floyd C, Stein, Nathan, Stewart. 

Harold A.. St. James. Louis W.. 

Stockton, Lawrence, Stone. Robert 

C. Stroupe. William E., Sullivan, 

Joe. Thomas. Dan B. L., Thomp- 
son. Frank .\., Thompson, Philip 

S., Timmons. Sherman A.. Truitt, 

Ledford O.. Tuffield, Albert A., 

Turner, Roy A., Tyler, Walter, 

Van Niniwegan, Benj., Wagner, 

John J., Walker, Leslie E., Wal- 
lace. Leo B., Walsh. William W., 

Watson, Thomas E., Webb, Chas. 

H., Weiss, Louis, Wenckens, Peter 

G., Westergaard. Thurvolt, White, 

Samuel L.. Whalen. James A.. 

Wieland. Erwin O., Williams. Dow 

A., Williams, Frank V.. Wilson. 

David S.. Wilson, Loren A., Wilson 

Webl A., Wood. Thomas S.. 

Wright, John C, Teaman, Alva B.. 

Young, Levi G., Zumtobel, Jos. G. 

Lieut. B. EVANS 

— 8o- 

/':V"K.;i'* iW-r}:>,inziiL*{..-~ j-. j 


As seen through the Kaleidoscope with "Turn the Crank Jerry" 


rEP RIGHT up gentlemen and look them over! The 
grandest collection of assorted (and distorted) mis- 
cellaneous fits and misfits ever gathered together. 
selected from the Selective Draft which blew them from 
all corners of the earth. Here is your opportunity! Some- 
thing interesting, amusing, educational; let us take you 
through on this wonderful sightseeing tour, that you may 
gaze on this variety of superhuman specimens held in 
captivity, for soon the Pied-Piper is to blow his trumpet 
and they will again sink into oblivion. Our friend Jerry 
will pilot us through and explain the main points of in 
terest. All aboard! With a wild honk-honk Jerry cranks 
his Liberty and we're off. Hold your hats, boys, and 
don't rock the boat! 

First we come to exhibit "A." better known as the 
"Orderly Room." Opens promptly at 7:00 A. M. daily, and, 
according to its occupants, never closes. Here we find 
the Brains of the Company, though no murder has ever 
been committed. Under the charge of Brains we have the 
following executives: Lieuts. Mark Hopkins (C. O.) and 
Walter F. Blackston (S. O.) with Lieuts. Louis E. Eddy 
and William H. Davis honorably attached and held for 
emergency. Who is that little chubby cherub in the corner? 
Ha! That is Sgt. Major Gaedtke. He was scheduled to 
command a regiment but the war ended too soon. At any 
rate, he's a good scout and deserving of a lot of credit he'll 
never get. Close the muffler lest you attract the attention 
of that stalwart Napoleonic figure whose bosom is adorned 
with a sharp-shooter medal, which it is said he won by 
shooting "Goldbricks" to the Wood Pile. This is Top Sgt. 
lieimus. His whistle is his greatest pride and there is 
no bugle call he cannot blow. Thus he and the boys "fall 
out" quite often on this account, especially for a fire on a 
cold wet night. Then we come to our maid of mercy, Pvt. 
Blucher, of sick-book fame, who can scent a "Goldbrick" 
like a fox hound. Next we have ragtime Schnialz of 
Underwood origin and operatic inclinations, who tickles 
the keys with a fox trot at Reveille and plays Home Sweet 
Hom.e at "Taps." His grief dates back to the signing of the 
Armistice and the resultant requests for discharges, for 
in the rush he overlooked his own application. 

Next we come to the Supply Tent where an invisible 
sign reads "Leave all Hopes behind." that is, if you want 
supplies. Sergeant Buckhalter is merely recovering from 
"the night before." To disturb his peaceful slumber is a 
court-martial offense. Supplies are only a small matter 
and can be attended to after 11:00 A. M., so why worry? 

The rest are noted in the roster below. 


Officers — Mark Hopkins, 1st Lt. A. S. A., C. O.; Waltei 
F. Blackston, :;nd Lieut. A. S. A., S. C; Louis E. Eddy, 2nd 
Lieut. A. S. A., Attached; William H. Davis, 2nd Lieut. A. S. 
A., Attached. 

Non.Coinnussioned Officers — Julius Gaedtke, Sergeant 
Major; .Inlui F.. Itiinius, Sergeant; Abraham Buckhalter, 
.^upply Sergeant. 

Personnel — Adams, Robert Ij., .\niann, Charles J.. Ander- 
son, William H., Anton, Waldo, Atkin.s, Taul, Bandy, William 
L., Barnes, Earl, Bates. Delbert W., Bartula. Raymond, Berger, 
[>ouis, Birdsall. Harold S., Bennett, Harmon H., Blech, Chris, 
Blomgren, Carl E., Blucher, Edmund G., Bode, Fred W., Bohac. 
Edwin J., Bolin, Fred Wm., Belts, William L., Boyd, Arcliie 
E., Bottoms, Elmer E., Bouchard, Charles, Brevod, Swen O., 
Britlon, Joseph H., Bruney, John, Brown, Steve M., Brown, 
Johnnie, Buckingham, Joe H., Burton, William B., Burns, 
Edward A., Bush, James H., Caister, Cecil D., Callahan, 
Nathen J., Clanton, Jim G., Coke, James, Cole, Williard G., 
Coleman, Edward L., Cooke, Cecil H., Cummins, William V., 
Cook, James R., Curry, Theron L., D'AUesandro, Patsy P.. 
Davis, Leslie S., Denhof, Charles E., Denehie, William A., 
Devore, Charles, Dickinson, Claud, Doerschlag. George J., Doe, 
Irving J., Dry, Daniel, Earl, Matt B., Easley, Samuel L., Essex, 
Cy Ross, Fagg, Raymond L., Fassman, James W., Flenner, 
Harrv A., Foxall, Will, Feldman, Sam, Flinn, James A., 
Fontaine, Alfred L., Fredell, Carl J., Fullen, Otis E., Gaiotto, 
Ottivia, Glennon, Michael, Guldberg Aksel, Gelhar, Charles, 
Griffith, Roy, Hargrove. Richard M., Hansen, Carl A., Herrelt, 
George L., Hawkins. John R., Henry, John T., Hill, Allen S., 
Hindi, Thomas J., Hummer, Raymond F., Rumble. William 
F., Hundley, Elijah J., Hunter, Joseph H., Jarvis, William H., 
Jaycox, Clarence W., Jelks, William F., Jenkins, Albert, 
Kennedy, Irvin, Killingsworth, Thomas, King, Francis L., 
Krueger, Ricliard, Linam, William L., Lankford, Ollie E., 
Leroux, Arthur J., Lilliard, John S., Low, Roscoe C, Maddox, 
.Albert E., Magnuson, Lloyd V., Marvin, Melvin M., May, 
Eugene F., Mayronne, George J., McDearman, Ray McKenna, 
Joe, McKnight, Robert, McMann. Edwin S., McBrooni, Artemus, 
Meyer, Walter M., Millsap, Elmer E., Mauldin, Ben I., Minton, 
Protes E., Merk, Roy A., Mock, George P., Moffett, Clarence 
G., Morton, Henry G., Murrow, Harry E., Meyers, James E., 
Norris, Tony C, Nussbaum, Roy C, Oberle, Frank A., On. 
Chew, Ott, Lloyd, Parker. Edwin F., Pierce, Charles P., Piezzi, 
Eugene J., Popper, Herman W., Pollett, Albert, Puccinelli, 
Luiggi, Prather, Owen C, Pryor, Thomas A., Pyle. Earl O., 
Ragan, Herbert H., Rankin, Walter H., Rea, Samuel G.. Reno, 
Ben L., Ricliards, William P.. Richardson, Leo P., Robinson, 
John M., Robertson, James W., Root, Thomas J., Rowe, Harry, 
Sanson, James G., Selman, Tessie R., Schmalz, Paul E., 
Schweitzer, Nelson, Scruggs. Thomas C, Sherman, Willie G., 
Simmons, Roy. Smith, Norman D., Smith, Hugh H., Stanley. 
I'aul H., Starr, Charles W., Stewart, Langston B., Tagadcr, 
Emmett E.. Theurer. Francis H.. Tullos, Leon, Van Orman, 
Ross D., Wade. John H.. Walker, Charles E., Whayne, Nathan 
B., Weaver, Cecil E., Welch, Albert E., Ward, Math R.. West, 
Clarence A., Westergren. Fred E., Wickham. Wilder F., Wild- 
niood, Eugene F., Whitehead, Robert H., Williams, Jess R., 
Winslow, Myron M., Wood, Willie, Woodruff, Guy C, Yocum, 


t^iAi 1 nt^JJ 


mHE NINTH COMPANY was formed on the fourth 
day of November, 1918. Many of the men came 
from the middle west and northern states and were 
filled with pep and vigor, besides having previous military 
training at Camp Funston, Kansas. They were known to 
be some of the most efficient and capable men in the 

Most of the men were mechanics and were chosen 
from among thousands at Camp Funston, to be transferred 
to the Aviation Section of the Army. 

Every one was filled with enthusiasm, ready and 
anxious to go across and get in the front lines. After 
being in Kelly Field ten days the Armistice 
was signed. Every man in the Company 
was glad that it was over, but at the same 
tim* sorry he couldn't be in the fight. 

But with cheers and enthusiasm over the 
the Great American Victory, they went on 
each day working as though the war had 
just begun and continued to do so until 
the job was finished and each was honor- 
ably discharged. 

The Ninth Company men were proud of 
their Commanding Officers. Their first 
officer was Lieutenant Edward E. Dean, 
who was transferred to Washington. D. C, 
and was succeeded by Lieutenant Emmett 
L. Ingram, a very capable officer, and a 
friend to every soldier. 

Many of the men were found present at 
the educational classes at the Y. M. C. A 
the majority of teachers in these classes. 

After spending over two months in the Field, the 
men were preparing to be discharged. They were all happy 
in the expectation of seeing their dear ones again, but at 
the same time sad to think of the day soon to come 
when they were to be separated, each one to his own corner 
of the world. 

Lieut. E. L. Ingram enlisted August 3rd. 19U. was sent 
to Ground Officers Training School Kelly Field No. 2 on 
October 17th and Graduated on December Sth. being ap- 
pointed 1st Lieut. Signal R. C. A. S., December 20, 1917. 
Was assigned to the Concentration Brigade and assumed 
command of 9th Company 2nd Wing on December 9th, 

Lieul. E. 

and furnished 


B. F. Smith, Sergeant Major; Thomas L. Graham, 1st Sgt. 
.\mmacher, John O., Amicli, Charles A., Anderberg, 
.\nthony. Anderson, EUert, Andres, Edward M.. Arneson. 
Oliver E., Arnold, Charles K., Atkeson, Gail G., Bales, John 
I., Barnes, Austin W., Basher, Ralph A., Baum, James V. R.. 
Blackljurn, John C, Bomaly, Joseph, Bradrick. Arthur G., 
Brady, Stama L., Brown, Chesenton. Brown, Lilberl, 
Buchanan, Carl P., Byrne. Joseph T., Caldwell, George J., 
Calkins. Howard M.. Cantrell, Dewey H., Carr. Hugh. Chuhli. 
True M.. Clements. Robert A., Cochran, Charles A., Coerlin. 
John F., Coffelt, Herbert B., Covert, Clyde C, Cooley, Loran 
W., Cope, Judge A., Cohen. Harry. Cox, Allen A., Dana. Paul F., 
Davidson, Thomas M.. Davis, William H., Dearing, Charles E., 
Deneve, Paul, Dishman. Archie, Doffey, Wilbur P., Duby, Jesse 
C, Duckworth. O. K., Ducan, Glenn, Eckert, Julious, Elder. 
James A.. Erickson, Frank B., Fabbriti, Emil. Fender, Clayton 
G., I'^orrest, Ormin, Flanders, Clatus M . 
Fugatte, Charles C, Gahan, Edwin S.. Gal- 
lagher. Edward T.. Gandee, Edwin R., Gosney, 
Da\ Id A.. Grieshammer, Wilbert, Green 
Guidon, Green, Frank M.. Gromm, Ralph 
E., Guse. Elmer J., Gurtler, Leonard E.. 
Hancock E. C. Hansen, Thorbjorn, Harper, 
Archie W., Harcourt, Charles A.. Hawkes. 
Herbert W.. Hayden. Charles H., Helton. 
William A., Hickey, Carney. Hickman. 
Kii.\' M., Hiiligoss, Francis B.. Houske, Lluyd 
J.. Hrabe. William, Hrencher. Clarence F., 
Hughes, Clarence F., Hunt. William A.. Hurst. 
Erliin R., Jansen, Emil J.. Jiaekas. John, 
Johnson, Monie. Johnson, Arthur C, Johnson. 
Lee R., Johnston, Joe A.. Kastner. Aldie M.. 
Kaufman. Frank. Kennedy, Maurice J., Ken- 
iHcly, Richard. King. Hubert R., Kinzer. 
William H., Kline. Ervin. Koch. John C. 
Koenig. Tony. Lambert, Jadco. Lang, Walter. 
Larson. Clarence P.. Larson. Everett E., 
Lieuwen. Peter. Linquist. Louis L., Liebelt. 
Charles. Lisec. Robert. Lucid. Charles L.. Luck- 
inir. Henry L.. Mall. Ernest J.. Massey. Herbert 
W.. Ma.wvell. Robert A.. Mabery. Buford L.. 
Mc.\rdle. Henry J.. Miller. Maurice A.. Miles, 
Leon F., Moore, Edward M.. Moore. Roscoe E., 
Merrill, Joseph. Mueller, Gorman. MuUenberg. 
Frank A.. Myers. Guy B.. Nelson. Csester O., Nelson. Oliver J.. 
Nesbitt. Tracy. N., Newton. Emery E., Nicholas, John V., Nis- 
mann. George E.. Nonimensen. William. Nyhart. Charles. Cakes. 
Wilmer L.. O'Neill. James E., Ostlind. Joe L.. Overstake. 
Howard, Peterson, .\lfred O.. Peters. Arthur H., Picciona. 
Salyators. Pierson. Ernest E.. Poe. John E., Pribyl, Joseph F., 
lleck. Norman. Reents, Benjamin. Rice. Michel J.. Rine- 
harl, Lloyd, Roberts. William. Sehuetz. Henry W., 
Shields. Fred D.. Shoemaker. Joseph L.. Sigloh. John H,. 
Sipple. Earl C. Six. Henderson E.. Stainbrook. Bert. Stinson. 
Abner R.. Straub, Theodore H.. Stitt, Carl P.. Speak, Orval O.. 
Scanlon. James L,, Svoboda. Jerry J.. Swint. Harvev E.. 
Thompson. Frank V.. Stevens, Julious C. Tuchek. Charles 
H., Vaughan. Ralph H.. Vaughn. Chester I.. Vetter. Alex- 
ander. Wallingford. William. Ward. Vess J., Washer, Philip. 
Weir. Thomas .\.. Wendt, George H,. West, Charles, White. 
Floyd E,. Wilhelm. John T., Williams. Lorenzo L.. Williams, 
Seth R.. Wilson, William A., Yeakel. Frank S., Yeatman. 
Lloyd S.. Zoller, Augest. 


man J ins 



i>>^W ^ 

.>-^- r 


84th SQUADRON RE-ORGANIZED-(Formerly 633) 

The 84th Squadron was originally a cadet squadron, 
until February 28th, when it was made the Air Service 
Supply Squadron, to take the place of the 633r(l Squadron. 
disorganized. The Squadron has an enlisted personnel ol 
about 100 men. many of whom were members of the 633rd, 
although .some of the men were transferred in from various 
other squadrons on the field. Lieut. Volney T. Malotte is 
the Ccunmanding Officer. Lieut. H. K. ("oilier is the Ad- 
jutant. Following are the enlisted pilots of the organi- 
zation: Sgt. -Major C. C. Biehl. clerk Cpl. Howard B. 
Culmer, 1st Sgt. August Ball. Supply Sgt. B. B. Braley, Mess 
Sgt. .John N'essman. 


Master Electrician — I-^arrow, Ernest E. Sergeants 1st 
Class — I'l-ny. lO.irl .\., DonaUlson. Ralph E., Filsinger. Ra.v- 
nioiul O. Sergeants — W'liite. Charles R.. NcIsoti, James U., 
liiglj.v. Joiiidaii Corporals — Ivnoinl. Williaiii F., Vroman, Ross 
I)., Wicltersiiani. Eiimiutt C, Jacquet, lO<iniuTt(l M., Poe. .\ll)ert 
D., Stocklanil, Marvin O., Bennett, Albert \\'.. I!m1I. K . 
Husband. Claude R.. Gathers, Harold G. Chauffeus 1st Class — 

Worthy. William E.. Gilg. Krm-st. Cliauffeurs — Moltun. 
George S.. Watson, Harry J. Cooks — .'^iKunr.-, .\ntlinn\' Drl. 
Warnica. Franlv A., Pruden, I.,ero>- .-\.. Watk-witz. ilt-rman W.. 
Dend<o. George. Jones, Will L.. Privates 1st Class — Greeiiey. 
Harry, Hatchings, Phillip J.. Kersliaw. Unl.cj-I .\.. Norton. 
Herljert A., Kodgers, l-'ranli A.. Rose, Dewty V.. Itntli. I'"iank 
A.. King, .Sam H., Delaney, Bernard J.. Hagel, Sinioii 1'.. Kay, 
Artluir B.. Stewart. Alexander. Shimek, Leopold L. Privates — 
Brown, f'red V.. Badgett, George. Biel, Emil, Bon.'ily, Josiiili D., 
Buckles. IJean, Doali, Robert A., Duncan, Glenn, Gahan. Edwin, 
Ghislin. Harry W., Girouard. Sagness, Hansell, Neil D.. Haran, 
I'Mward M. Hastings, William N., James. Samuel E., Kasper, 
Alfred E., Kuester, Louis E., Larson, Clarence B.. Mabary, 
Buford L., Moss. Robert W., Mueller, Corman, Nichols. Jobn S.. 
Nommensen, William H., Poland, William C. Powell, George 
L.. Rawn, .\rthur 1'".. Schuette. Albert. Van Slyke, George H.. 
Wilson. jVuslin E., Zoller, August, Wilson, Loren A., Owesney, 
William O.. Swanson. Charles R., EUard, Elmo B.. Mebgle, 
Glenn .M., Wilson, Ralph E.. Bertana, Felice, Cavellie, Rocco. 
Stapleton, I'"rancls M., Borgis, Francis W.. Brown Leslie C, 
Edinburg, Simon P.. Jarke, Herman H., McManus, George R., 
Nichols, Owen O.. Spivak, Hayem D., Sullivan. Joe, Williams, 
George, Brockley. Donald H., Weber, Ernest E., Baass, John 
V. W.. Elder, William C. Sanchez, Pete N., Symonds, Paul, 
Priesmuth, Albert H., O'Donnell, James P. 



O J 



#•9 ;'^i. '».,.'"»,.( ,1 

\ / 



P' "^^ -9 i' >2' ^ ■?■ ^^- 

9 9i. 

» IW 

NEW 84th 

Photo by Steele 



Assigned as Post Ad- 
jutant August 14, 1917, re- 
porting from Mobilization 
Camp, Syracuse, N. Y. 
Appointed Major, S. C. 
from Captain, Inf., Oct. 
23, 1917. Relieved and 
proceeded to Fort Omaha, 
Neb. May 8, 1918. 

Major Van Nostrand 
was one of the pioneers of 
Kelly Field. 

Former Personnel Adjutant 

Former Adjutant 




Commissioned February 19, 1917. As- 
signed to duty with 81sl Sqdn. Sept. 28, 
1917. Assigned to Recruit Headquarters 
October 22, 1917. Appointed Captain. 
A. S. S. C. March 25, 1918. Ass't. Fire 
Marshall September 11, 1918. Brigade 
Adjt., Cone. Br. September 21, 1918. 
Detailed as member of Correspondence 
Board December 31, 1918. Relieved from 
duly and honorably discharged Feb. 2,1919 


I.I. \V. P. SMITH. 
Former Asst. Adjutant 

Military Police 

Ll. F. E. FKNSCH, 
Post Auditor 

C. O. 8th Co. 

C O. 819 Sqdn. 

Fire Dept. 




HK Bureau of War Risk Insurance first opened an 
office on this Field January 15th, 1918, so that the 
I'lilisled personnel might have every advantage pos- 
sible incident to the taking out of Government Insurance. 
The Allotment Section of this office was also instituted to 
handle the various cases of allotments made by men in 
the Field and to furnish them with all information possible 
on the subject. Both of these departments have proved 
to be exceedingly valuable and have been kept actively 
engaged almost constantly since the department's organiz 

During the Liberty I-oan Drives and the War Savings 
Stamps Sales, the work for Kelly Field was given over 

to this Bureau and they handled it in adliiirable form. 
Bonds were sold far in excess of the quota set upon the 
field and in all nearly .$100,000.00 worth of War Savings 
Stamps were sold. Insurance has been written tor 31,886 
men to the value of 5;283.167,.500.00 and at least 150,000 sets 
of allotment forms have been turned in to Washington. 

The Bureau was first located along the Frio City Road, 
near the Post Office, but is now in a building directly op- 
posite Post Headquarters. The officers in charge of the 
Bureau from its creation to the present time were: Capt. 
T. Semmes Walmsley, Lieuts. Harold F. Semple. Victor 
L. Huszagh, James L. Pardee, George A. Clark, Henry P. 
Osborne and George A. Curran. 


HP] FOLLOWING is a brief sketch of the various 
<luties administered by the Intelligence Office since 
it was tstablislied at Kelly Field in December, 1917, 

Its principal work has been to eliminate, as far as 
possible, all enemy workings and propaganda in Kelly Field 
and vicinity. It has from time to time investigated re 
ports of alleged disloyalty, sabotage, enemy propaganda- - 
literature and various other enemy workings, and has in 
many cases brought to justice and secured the punishment 
of the offenders. 

It has also investigated cases of theft, desertion, ab- 
sences without leave, conscientious objectors, draft evaders, 
civilians who had illegal dealings with soldiers, forgery, 
graft, and other misdemeanors detrimental to the United 
States Army. The office has also cooperated with the De- 
partment of Justice and the American Protective League. 

Another duty that the Intelligence Office has perform- 
ed, and which is well worth mentioning, is the assistance 
rendered the Federal Naturalization Bureau in the naturali- 
zation of aliens under the Act of Congress of May 9, 
1918. By virtue of this work many worthy aliens have 
been made citizens of our country. No less than 680 men 
have been naturalized at this Field under this Act. 

A system was originated and installed by this office 
whereby a record was secured of every alien and man of 
foreign parentage in Kelly Field. Every man as a part of 
his Trade Test passed through the Intelligence office and 
was questioned as to his birth, parentage, loyalty, like or 
dislike of the Army, etc., and in many cases petty matters 
were straightened out and the man and the Service bene- 
fited thereby. There are records of approximately fifteen 
thousand men of alien birth or parentage in the files of 
the office. 

Capt. John J. Gallagher A. S. A. is in charge of the 
work of this Department and is ably assisted by Lieut. 
Louis A. Felder A. S. M. A. 


The Kelly Field Post Office was established May, 1917, 
in two small tents, with a working force of two men, mall 
being delivered from Main Post Office by motorcycle. The 
lield consisted at that time of three thousand men, but 
gradually grew and the Post Office was then moved to 
the small building now occupied by the telegraph office. 
It was only a short time until these quarters proved in- 
adequate and the present office was planned and fitted 
with all facilities capable of handling twenty-thousand 

Then came the great rush of December, 1917, and 
January, February, 1918, when forty thousand recruits 
were transferred to Kelly Field. Forty-four clerks were 
required to care for the great amount of mail sent to this 
field. After due consideration a Branch Military Post 
Office was established by the military authorities, with 
Captain Brooks in charge. This office was organized 
similiar to the General Delivery Division in all post offices, 
with the exception that authorized mail-orderlies called 
with corrected roster of the men in their respective organi- 
zations and received all mail. 

The following data will give a fair idea of the amount 
of mail that passed through this office: January, 1918, 
stamp sales $11,004.59; registers received for delivery 
C4.915; money-orders issued 1717, amounting to $40,000, 
March was tlie banner month with a stamp sale of 
$17,956.09. The average out-going mail, was 35.000 pieces 
of letter, 30 sacks of second and third class, and 12 
pouches of first class. Incoming mail 315 sacks, 20 
pouches first class. 

The first trenches "over there" had nothing on Kelly 
Field Post Office, working hours being from 7:30 A. M. 
until 9 and 11 P. M. every day in the week during the 
winter of 1917-18. 

From a small unpretentious organization, Kelly Field 
Post Office has passed to an independent branch Post 
Office maintaining a three-truck delivery, making con- 
■..ection with all the principal mail trains entering and 
leaving the city nearby. 

Mr. J. J. Connelly has been the postmaster in charge. 





\rrTl\ HEX Kelly Field was first designated by the War 
k 1 i f'i''"S fields in this country, the Flying Department 
|fc*^l Department in the spring of 1917 as one of the 
was unknown, and what is the Flying Department of today 
was then nothing but a barren and vast area of mesquite 
and brush. This vast area lying to the west of Kelly Field 
was cleared away during the summer of 1917. numerous 
hangars, shops, buildings and barracks were erected and 
about September 15th, 1917, the Flying Department of 
Kelly Field became a reality. The terrain of the country 
with its broad level plains, the ideal atmospheric conditions, 
the wonderfully equipped shops and hangars and facilities 
for repairs, all combined to soon make Kelly Field known 
throughout the land as one of the greatest, if not the 
greatest flying field in the country. The Flying Deparl- 
ment at the beginning was designated as Kelly Field No. 2 
lo distinquish it from Kelly Field proper, which then as- 
sumed the name of Kelly Field No. 1. Later the name 
Kelly Field No. 2 was officially changed to the Flying De- 
partment, but it is still commonly referred to as Kelly Field 
No. 2. Thus came into existence the two great subdivisions 
of Kelly Field — the one. a concentration camp, handling 
the organization, instruction and supervision of the enlisted 
personnel for duty overseas and at other flying fields 
throughout the country: the other, a flying field, training 
officers and cadets in their elementary instruction for 
flying duty overseas, and working under conditions similar 
to those that might be experienced on the actual field of 
battle. In fact, both fields united formed one of the 
nucleuses of the American Air Service. 

The Flying Department during the latter part of 1917, 
although still in its infancy, started to devote its attention 
to the actual training of the flyers, and immediately under- 
took to perfect its organization lo handle efficiently and 
expeditiously the vast amount of elementary training that 
was to be its share in the world war. Its administration was 
divided into the following principal sub-di visions; the 
Headquarters of the Flying Department, supervising the 
activities of the field; the Officer in Charge of Flying, 
supervising and handling the actual flying training of the 
officers and cadets: the Cadet Wing, directly in control of 
the curriculum and preliminary instruction of the cadets; 
and the Engineering Department, responsible for the actual 
upkeep and care of the planes and motors. Many other 
subsidiary departments were created to harmonize and 
assist in maintaining the field at its efficient standard — 
and all in all the Flying Department was ready always to 
fully undertake any mission the War Department might 
assign to it. 

As the year 1918 began and progressed, the Flying 
Department began to display its true stride of efficiency 
and speed, and its range of activities advanced by leaps 
and bounds. It was a hot bed of activity. The atmosphere 

was clouded with planes from daybreak to sunset; cadets 
and officers were completing their instruction in record 
breaking time; the personnel was changing with rapid 
frequency; the workers in the huge shops and hangars were 
toiling night and day to keep every plane and motor in 
operation; and everyone was striving to the utmost to assist 
the country in its hour of need. 

The early part of the summer of 1918, with its advent 
of good flying weather in the North, caused a temporary 
lull in the flying activities of the Flying Department. Many 
northern flying fields were established, and the greater 
part of the cadets and student officers from the various 
Ground Schools throughout the country migrated to the 
northern fields. However, the Flying Department still con- 
tinued to do a lion's share in the elementary training. 
During the summer months plans were being perfected to 
more efficiently handle the huge portion of the training 
burden that would fall upon the Flying Department again 
in the Fall, and when, with the subsequent closing of the 
northern fields, the influx of cadets and student officers 
would revert back to it. 

The Flying Department in the Fall of 1918, was fully 
prepared and waiting for the hundreds of cadets and 
student officers that would be sent here for training. The 
signing of the armistice, however, caused the War Depart- 
ment to partially suspend its intensive operations, and the 
Flying Department was advised that henceforth it would 
continue only at a normal pace until the future destiny of 
the Air Service was established. 

During the present period of demoblization and re- 
organization, it is apparent that the Flying Department 
of Kelly Field will remain as a permanent fixture of the 
American Air Service, and it is being commonly referred 
to by many as the future "West Point of Flying." Many 
of the other flying fields throughout the country have been 
abandoned for flying purposes, but the Flying Department 
still continues to be one of the few flying fields designated 
to operate. The cadets and officers of the abandoned flying 
fields, and likewise those in the Ground Schools who have 
completed their instruction, have been sent to the Flying 
Department to finish their instruction if they so desire, and 
at the present time it is utilizing all of its facilities to carry 
out the plans of the War Department in this respect. Even 
though the common enemy has been defeated and active 
hostilities have ceased, the Flying Department of Kelly 
Field still continues to "carry on." 

The officers and men who served here can justly feel 
proud of the achievements accomplisheo in the development 
of the American Air Service, and can fully realize that it 
was only through the combined efforts of every member 
of the Flying Department that it was able to reach the 
highest pinnacle of success — that of being — one of the 
premier flying fields in this country. 



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The game was being played on a huge field covering most 
of the World. Excitement ran sky high and seaweed low. 
Both teams were tied and the world of an audience watche.l 
the "unknown" Kelly step to the plate. Infantry and Cavalry 
and Artillery covered their bases: England and France had 
been struck out. Kelly had been warming the bench, waiting 
for an opportunity as a pinch hitter. Now. it had come. He 
was batting for the U. S. A. A home run drive would mean 
absolute victory. Would he prove equal, all asked? 

Kelly was a giant. Furthermore, he was using a bat of 
Flying Field and ships. He himself was wiry and strong. 
Over fifty thousand red-blooded Americans formed the 
corpuscles that furnished excellent blood for his veins, and 
fifty thousand others had served and had been by him dis- 
carded. His eyes were made of a huge photographic hut and 
he could see for miles and miles. His nose was formed of a 
giant "Eagle" newspaper which thru the Associated Press 
sensed each turn of events and each change of wind. His 
ears were made of a great wireless plant, which allowed him 
to hear distinctly for a distance of fifteen thousand miles. 
His brain consisted of two Colonels, Commanding Officers of 

his both parts. A few scattered blades of grass furnished his 
eyebrows and the hair that covered his head was made of 
countless mesquite. Similarly he was constructed along 
tremendous lines, tho altogether in proportion. 

Big Wilhelm himself was on the pitcher's mound, and he 
looked the part of a fiendish fighter. The umpire Justice, was 
fixed in his place and the first ball pitched. This ball con- 
sisted of a mass of mockery and jeers at the Air Service of the 
Allies. It also contained criticism. Kelly swung hard, but 
too low, with the result that the ball fouled. The second ball 
was made of propaganda. Kelly aimed better this time and 
with a great thrust swung his bat of Flying Field and ships 
so strong that the ball was met squarely and driven back 
home, far across the seas. So destructive was the blow, 
furthermore, that the ball itself was scattered to the four 
W'inds and out of it came a great number of Aces who raised 
the devil all over Europe. Bsfore the results ended, the Huns 
had been driven home in the greatest home drive of any game 
ever played. The World looked on amazed, while Infantry 
and Cavalry and Artillery scored the runs that spelled 
VICTORY for the Allies and the U. S. A. 

Back to their home plate they came — as safely 
had gone arotind the course — and. midst the deafening 
cheers of their supi)orters. America, were carried on 
shoulders back to the locker rooms, where the 
uniforms of the big game were removed and the pre- 
war clothes substituted. 

Kelly had stepped to the bat and helped win thu 
greatest game of all ages — that for everlasting free- 
dom and peace! 

as they 




A tnlpHpiu into its past, and a kno^vsdive into its future 


jT ALL happened in 1918. Luckier Air Service men at our 
Sialiciii liaii been sent overseas, primed and ready to crush 
liill liv wa.v of the clouds. Rut we two were for some 
mystic and inexplicable reason retained at Kelly Field. Texas. 
U. S. A. And on tliis particular afternoon we had set out for an 
altitude record, knowing that the establislinient of records was 
our one introductory card to the world public and second in 
acliievement only to the blossoming of an Ace. 

Ordinary and witliout incident was our steady clinil) uiili] tlie 
altimeter registered 35.000 feet. At this point a huge cloud, 
the size of Long Island, but without the Sound, rolled lazily 
between our ship "Azure Blue" and the Earth "Inky Green." 
While waitin.g for this aerial glacier to float past, we decided 
to while away the time in stunts; and during one such, and 
oddly cnut in the midst of a loop-tlie-looi), Algy. (try companion 
and responsible for all that followed) became suddenly ill and 
turned the joy-stick over to me. Not realizing that we were 
upside down. I took over the helm and kept the ship in its 
then position. The rear cockpit in which I sat had no indicators 
and £0 it was that I could not su.-pect our existing relationship 
to the Earth and Sun. And a few moments later I decided to 
drop back to Kelly, nosing the ship into what I thought was 
downward direction. The air became rare and our oxygen tank 
had to be employed but 1 attributed that to the Rarity Stream 
an ancient astronomer had once discovered. I also noted that 
the ship would not nose down without the propeller being maintained at 1500 R. P. M. but this too caused no alarm. 

The descent seemed painfully long. It must have been ten hours that we were dropping before we finally came upon 
hundreds of airgoing craft of all makes and shapes and after successfully dodging these, we alighted on an alarmingly 
flat and strange terrain. Surely it was not Texas. Then was it Mexico? 

The passing of but a very few- moments saw a curious assembly around our American plane. Algy was quickly 
l)rought to and we were then both startled sick with the discovery that the inhabitants of Mars itself were our hosts. 
Thru this most extraordinary accident and chance, we had climbed to a height of 500.000 feet from Earth and had then 
come under the terrestrial attraction of Mars, an influence similar to the gravity effect of our own planet. In a strange 
land, among strange people, the cynosure of a whole new world, given up for dead by our co-flyers at Kelly Field, but 
actually A. W. 0. L.. were we two American aviators! But our plight allowed for no lengthy reflection. It was necessary 
to at once see the Chief of this new land, and to receive from, him the honors and glory becoming guests from another 
World. Accordingly, we elbowed our way thru surging crowds of curious people quickly gathered from all directions 
at the announcement that strangers had dropped down into their own world. To us there was nothing mysterious or 
heathen about the dress, dwellings or buildings of this new- populace. The same industry and hubbub of our own modern 
city was surprisingly duplicated here. And oddly enuf. the same dialect was in use, a condition which allow-ed us to readily 
become acclimated and progress with our introduction. 

It was not necessary to employ an advance agent or guide. Rumor had with lightning rapidity made the rounds 
w-lth the annotincement that two Aiuericans were to call on the President of the land and the path to his suite then 
became to us unmistakable. It was necessary but to follow in the narrow lane left open by these astonished and in- 
terested natives and in a few moments a magnificent structure that proved the National Capital appeared in the fore- 
ground. And on the massive steps that led to the entrance stood the Presidential Party and many members of Congress. 
Astonishment alone dimmed the brightness of our reception for the first few moments, but as quickly as the 
notables of the land became aware that we were not impostors but had thru genuine chance made intercourse between 
two worlds possible, our entertainment assumed royal proportions. Quickly flashed about were invitations to a mam- 
moth reception at the Executive's Palace to be given the next evening, to be followed by almost daily banquets and meet- 
ings — ail in honor of the two newly-famed Kelly aviators. Of 
course we but slowly began to realize that we were farther from 
home than an> inortal ever had been, and an occasional breath- 
ing spell would cause us to ask ourselves: "Shall we ever get 
back to the States and our own?" 

Naturally our first day was spent in but answering questions. 
Dozens of newspaper men lighted our cigarettes and kept us 
filling their press columns faster than any machine gun ever 
devised could fill the air with shot. This rapid-fire questioning 
made quick end of our knowledge about our own world and 
we next became eager listeners about all matters Marsonian. 
Being interested primarily in aeronautics, this subject became the 
one topic of the day. particularly when we were told that aviation 
w-as there over four hundred years old and had reached a near 
perfection. And from an aged cloud-dweller, whose ancestry for 
generations past had lived and died in the air. we learned this 
most wonderful story about the development of the aeroplane 
on that planet. 

Like the aeronautical pioneers in our own little world, these 
new-found people had many early and tragic misfortunes in the 
development of this science. The first ship there constructed w-as 
a clumsy affair and ended its career and that of its owner on a 
rocky pasture. By degrees, however, the various improvements 
allowing for lightness in weight and a minimum of air resistance 
brought about a successful, powerful two-passenger plane. Then 
came the multi-motor type and the huge passenger and freight- 
carrying types that spelled perfection in the latest and most 
wonderful science of history. Until at the present time Aero- 
nautics on that planet has reached such maximum of development 
as will attain in our land in. say. the year 2250 A. D. 

To begin with, travel by air is in Mars universal. The young 
and the old, the superstitious and the bold, the business man 


and the tourist — all use the airplane. One reason is no doubt that there are no railroads for passenger-earring, and long 
distances can therefore be covered only by way of the "Milky Way" turnpike. For years the once-time railroads have 
been turned to the hauling of heavy freight only, this condition allowing cities to be spared terminals and smoke within 
their limits. 

Instead of taking a subway or bus to an immense railroad terminal, the traveler steps into a huge elevator, equipped 
with a gas bag and held in proper course by a cable. In a few moments he is whisked to an altitude of five thousand 
feet, next entering onto an immense landing platform, likeuise held in place over the city by a cable. 


Terminal in Mars 

This platform is really the depot and here it is that all ships land and "take off." These landing platforms serve 
a double purpose. To begin with, they allow air.ship travelers to be landed directly over large cities and the employ- 
ment of large city lots for landing stations is therefore avoided. Secondly, by the arrangement of all landing stations at 
this height, the tremendous vibrations and wear and tear that would result in dropping on the ground are spared. 
Furthermore, a ship loaded with one hundred or more passengers need not exert tremendous energy when "taking off." 
in order to again climb into the air and continue on its journey. By this arrangement, the ship travels at one uniform 
height and thus maintains altitude as well as a saving of time and speed. 

Aeroplanes are on this planet elaborately appointed. Because of longdistance travel, the interior of the metal-frame 
ship (of course stream-line in every detail) is equipped with cabins, lounging rooms, dining hall, an upper 
deck, a wireless plant, and practically every comfort that our own steamship offers, including the protection against sea- 
sickness. One unique attachment is an observatory on the upper deck, allowing for study of the popular subject astronomy 
while en route. 

Unlike the early planes, the perfected ship possesses such a minimum of air resistance that a speed of 200 miles an 
hour is quite ordinary. By the elimination of wires, the use of but four interplane struts, and a device which allows the 
entire undercarriage to fold up under the fuselage, a miximum of speed is had. The searchlights and other such attach- 
ments are also stream-line. And finally, the multi-motor type is used, but with one propeller and numerous blades. 

The most remarkable feature of perfected aviation is its comparative safety. A passenger thinks of possible danger 
less often than does our own average automobile driver. Certainly the risk here is less than in ocean travel. 

The reason is obvious. The traveler understands that the ship cannot turn turtle and that it will not drop suddenly. 
if either of the two pilots is awake and on the job. For at the sign of slightest trouble, the pilot releases from the upper 
wings two huge parachutes which open and maintain the ship in a floating position. A wireless call immediately brings 
aid and the rescuer then assists or tows the ship to the next landing platform. Should the trouble be scarcity of "gas. one 
of the many tank ships that p'y the air routes soon brings a supply. And he the trouble in the motor, the release of a 
folding scaffold al'ows the mechanic to repair the motor while the plane peacefully floats in the ether. And when 

the trouble is remedied, the scaffold is folded back; the 
self-starter brought into play; the parachutes returned to 
their recesses; and the trip continued. 

Of course, there are traffic rules for the air lines and 
a good supply of traffic ships to enforce these rules. During 
inclement weather, protection thru horns and signals is 
had, and collisions thereby avoided. Thus in every possible 
manner the safety of the airplane and its human freight is 

Aside from the traveling public, all mail and the bulk 
of the light freight are transported by plane. Low rates 
are by this means possible because of the absence of ex- 
pensive repairs of roadbed and equipment. Economically 
and socially, the airplane in the planet Mars has become 
a permanent and a most vital factor in the progress of Its 
civilization. And emulating our world-neighbor in the 
advance of this latest science, it is only a matter of fifty 
years or so when all of us here shall travel by plane. At 
least the majority of our present generation may yet see 
the day when the railroad train becomes obsolete. And 
our next generation will probably make actual, regular 
airplane intercourse with Mars and the other known 

Landing Platforms 




Up, up, up into God's vast blue; out out, out into illimitable space; now above the clouds, where the sun bids you 
welcome; nosing her down again for one more peep at old mother earth; straight ahead for a few miles, only to try once 
more the latest stunt in acrobatics, with ever the thunderous roar of the motor beating like some uncanny creature crying 
out for new worlds to conquer — surely the question is truthfully asked, "Where in all the world is a game like this?" 

And yet the newest of sciences is only in its infancy; in fact, it could be said without fear of contradiction its 
birth is only now taking place. What of the future, you ask? Gentle reader, your attention is directed to the following 
statement from William Greer, one of America's foremost aeronautical engineers, whose vision leads you into worlds un- 

"They shall mount up with wings as eagles, 
They shall run and not be weary, 
They shall walk and not faint." 

Speed! To go on, to go swiftly, to be free, this is the dream, that has brought us wings. To surmount barriers, 
to break bonds, to go yonder, to reach the promised land, to arrive — is the dream that takes us forward, the impluse 
that lifts the race. 

Forward, from the dim, unfathomable past, man has come thru his desire to find the better way, the easier way, 
the quicker way, conquering and a conqueror be has come. 

Far back, interminably far, the first raft and then the dugout overcame the barrier of the wide river and crossed 
the water to the off shore island. Then the hungering for the easier way, for speed, and the sails were set and tier on 
tier the oarsmen rowed in the galleys. 

But the race was waking and the dreamers dreaming dreams. Peering into the magic mirror of the mind, seeing 
the way a little farther. Watt developed the steam engine, Fulton put it on the w-ater and the ocean palaces have appeared 
— palaces beyond the wildest dreams of kings, palaces that cross the seas, swiftly and free, indifferent to storms. 

And on the land, man, always restless and impatient, with eager spirit, looking for the better way, seeking for 
speed — and wishing to be yonder, wanting instantly to be there — the Arab bred swift horses and kings had their camels 
trained for speed to carry them faster and farther. 


But the dreamers dreamed; Stephenson saw the railways and they appeared. After the locomotive, the light steam 
engine and the gas comljustion engine emerged from the dream of speed — the "horseless carriage" was a fact. Within the 
memory of those alive today the ox wagons were months crossing the continent which speed, with the automobile or 
motorcycle over ordinary roads now crosses in days. Faster, freer and more speed, the dream. 

And yet with all his speed, Man's feet were heavy, he was still bound to the surface of the earth, he must have 
the open water for his ships, and on the land he must have roads and trails to travel. He was not yet free. Always the 
birds swept free above him with their ceaseless invitation to (rttdom and speed and with their proof it could be done. 

Men floated in balloons — hot air or bubbles of gas— masters of gravity for a time, but slaves to the currents of the 
air. helpless before the caprices of the wind. 

Not free, still unsatisfied, the Dreamers dreamed and the quiet, clearvisioned Langley came. Building in spite 
of ridicule, he cleared the trail to the last frontier, opened the way to the sky country — at last the "Passage to India", the 
"Northwest Pas.sage," the dream and inspiration of the Intrepid explorers of the past, more than fulfilled — he opened 
the way to every sea and to every land, thru the limitless spaces of the air. 

The Wright boys, in their little shop at Dayton, dreaming and building, were making history beyond belief of 
men who walk and work and follow, for they proved that the patient Langley was not mistaken. And then came these 
rapid years; the ten just past! Eiffel working, planning, proving in his te.?ting laboratories, the Germans catching step 
and going on improving on his methods and. in due time, steady, safe old England putting more than $50,000,000 into 
bettering the best that had been done. 

Building the birds that were to have the souls of men to guide them, they worked and prepared the way to the 
heights that lie above the highest mountains. These Dreamers were putting men into the sky, they were freeing the 

Not one lone Dreamer now! The art accepted by the world, many minds were dreaming the careful, accurate dreams 
of lighter engines, more powerful and reliable engines, larger and more rugged planes. No longer the solitary watchers 
looking, but many keen and confident eyes turned toward the sky. knowing the ships of the air must appear. They came! 

The commercial future of the airplane lies in the evolution of a practical method of building a cheap and sturdy 
structure — one that is not delicate, dangerous and costly. The airplane for the people must be strong, safe and durable and 
it must be of reasonable cost. There must be no adjustments in the structure; it must be as simple as the automobile and 
as easy to maintain. 

The Dreamers have already sighted such an airplane and the world will see it very soon. This new, practical air- 
plane that is at hand will have no adjustments, it will be integral, it will be easy to repair when damaged, it will be 
lighter, stronger than today, it will be cheap to build, it will be m< lai: 

We had the wooden wagon and now we have the steel truck and the pleasure vehicles; we built our ships of wood 
and now the ships of steel are everywhere on the seas; railway and .street cars were built of wood and now the metal cars 
are standard. The metal airplane is the answer to the prayer for a practical plane. Suddenly, as the Monitor appeared 
at Hampton Roads, and put an end to the wooden battleship, so will the metal airplane come. 

Built over the roofs of the largest cities will be landing and leaving stations. The landing stages may be like great 
flat-crowned hats with wide brims, the slopes of the sides of the dome-shaped crowns being almost the stalling angle of the 
ordinary airplane. At these landing stations will be hangars into which the planes may go — for the metal airplane will 
fold its wings. 

Into these stations the birds will flock and from the rising stages the planes will go. The hangars will be built 
with reference to the landing and rising platforms, the two stages will be almost contiguous, but sufficiently separated 
for perfect safety in the coming and going planes. All the landing stations will have sound signals, light and smoke 
signals to guide the approaching planes by day or night and direct them in all kinds of weather. 

With the arrival of the metal plane the possibility of trans-oceanic flight becomes easier. Planes that will have no 
wires and no struts can be made that will have greater speed and wider range of flight than anything possible with 
the present structure. 

It is probable that the speed of the express passenger planes may be 200 miles per hour and that they may 
leave Newport, Rhode Island, in the evening and land at Galway, Ireland, the next day in the afternoon. 

The size that these planes will ultimately be built is as much of a guess as the size of the trans-Atlantic passenger 
ships has been. If they are 200 feet spread of wing — and this is a good practical size for first trial — these long distance 
airplanes will be able to carry 100,000 pounds gross. This means that planes may now be built that can readily carry 
100 passengers, and carry them in comfort similar to the best railways for eighteen to twenty hours without landing. 

There is something in the physical contact of the vastness of the upper spaces, which one finds on the highest 
mountains, that can be felt but hardly expressed in words — an isolation and yet a nearness, hinting of something beyond 
the experiences of ordinary life in the valley. 

There is that in all of us that reaches out and upwards, something that longs with deep desire for peace, for 
the fearless, the free, the unbounded. Those who have been privileged to feel the glory of a perfect flight above the 
clouds at dawn or twilight need no proof; they have felt the Limitless, they have known the Eternal. 

Frontiers are no more. There are no "boundary lines" in the air. National spirit becomes Universal Spirit as the 
airplane lifts men from the earth and helps to fuse the race into the complete unity that has always enfolded them, a one 
ness and an identity that distance has prevented man from realizing until now. Now the airplane makes all nations 
near and the accomplishment of the welfare of all men a common purpose. 

"They that wait upon the Lord shall renew their strength; 
They shall mount up with wings as eagles," 

It is done! 









Photo by Steele 


Photo by Steei e 


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Headquurters, I'lyiniS Department 

Above the Field 



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Engineering Commissioned Staff 


Capi. B. M. CANE 

the first Engineer Officer 
in Kelly No. 2, with Lieut. 
C. E. Cotting as Assistant. 
Major Rossell. who was a very 
efficient officer, was later trans- 
ferred to Gerstner Field, Lake 
Charles. La. and his successor, 
-Major H. R. Harmon, J. M. A. 
carried on the work which 
Major Rossell had started, and 
when he had things well under 
control he was ordered to Ft. 
Worth, Texas, as Officer in 
Charge of Flying. Major Dren- 
nen, who succeeded Major Har- 
mon, made some changes in the 
Engineering Department, in 
staff as well as equipment. Major S. M. Decker relieved 
Major Drennen as Engineer Officer on March 31st. In his 
administration, due to the increased efficiency and the 
superior training of the enlisted personnel in the Engineer 
Department, it was possible to shorten the hours of labor 
somewhat and to eliminate night work. 

Considerable welfare and athletic work was instituted 
under Major Decker, which reached its climax in the En- 
gineer Department picnic at Medina Lake on May 26th. 
This picnic was a reward to the men for achieving a re- 
cord unequalled at any other field in the United States, 
and was a mark of appreciation to the mechanics of the 
Engineering Department who made possible the total of 
1032 flying hours for one day. 

Lieut. Cane, who was at that time Chief Assistant En- 
gineer Officer to Major Decker, was made Engineer Offi- 
cer, June 1918 as Major Decker was ordered to command 
the Flying Field at Montgomery, Ala. August 29. Lieut. 
Cane was promoted to Captain, and at this time passed his 
flying tests and was made a Reserve Military Aviator. 

Under Captain Cane's leadership the various rough 
spots in the Engineering organization were smoothed out 
and complete co-operation of all officers and enlisted men 
established. Many things, too numerous to enumerate, 
were put into use by him, all of which have tended to put 
Kelly Field second to none as a Flying School. 

One great outstanding feature was the fact that the dif- 
fer-int shops were so handled that they could efficiently 
operate with about sixty per cent green men. This made 

Kelly Field always a source from which Washington could 
draw expert airplane and motor mechanics for service over- 
seas without disrupting the organization of the field. 

Executive ability, as well as mechanical, is one of the 
chief things necessary in running a department such as 
this, and in Captain Cane the field had a rare example of 
an officer combining both these qualities, the admin- 
istrative end of the department being no small part of the 

Directly under the Engineer Officer is Headquarters 
office, which must handle the general routine business of 
the whole organization, and is responsible for keeping the 
entire department running smoothly. In this the Engineer 
Officer was assisted by the Assistant School Engineer Of- 
ficer.; Captain C. F. Wheeler has held this position since 
Captain Cane became head of the Department. He came 
into the department in January. 1918. and has reached his 
position of Assistant Engineer Officer thru the various 
stages of the organization because of progressive ability. 

Another branch of the Administrative end is the Re- 
cord Office. In this office is kept from day to day a com- 
plete record of the flying hours of each ship and motor, 
gasoline and oil consumption, together with a system of 
recording all labor and materials which go to the main- 
tenance and upkeep of the airplane. Each day this office 
prepares and sends in to Washington a telegram consist- 
ing of data which, when compiled in Washington from all 
the different fields thruout the country, gives a com- 
plete record of the daily activities of all fields. The records 
of this office constitute a complete history of every plane 
and motor that has ever been flown on Kelly Field, and 
this history is kept up daily by a corps of clerks who handle 
and keep up to date about forty-five different forms pre- 
scribed for all flying fields in the country. 

There is also a complete Drafting Room connected 
with Headquarters, which employs expert mechanical ard 
architectural draftsmen. The Drafting Room has compiled 
complete surveys of Kelly Field and the surrounding coun- 
try, and has mapped the same and laid out routes for cross- 
country flying which are of inestimable value. One map 
in particular, which was a detail of the surrounding coun- 
try within a radius of one hundred miles, is an engineering 
feat of great value to the Government. In this office arc 
also kept complete drawings of all the jigs and special 
machinery and tools which have been made up on the 
field, and which have greatly lessened the work of main- 
taining airplanes and motors. For a great many months 



Lieut. H. C. McGregor has been in charge of the Kccord 
Office and the Drafting i{oom. and has executed his duties 
with a great deal of care and ability. 

The Kngiiieer Property Office is also another branch 
of the Head(|uarters work of the Engineering Department. 
and this, under Lieut. Uoydon Vcsburg. has handled the 
millions of dollars worth of property in the Department 
with amazing success. This enormous amount of property 
necessitates a complete record, and inventories of all mater- 
ials are being kept so that every article signed for by the 
Engineer Officer can be easily located and accounted for. 

There is also another activity under the Engineer 
Officer, that of the Typewriter Repair, which, tho small. 
has given excellent service to the whole field for many 
months past, and has saved the Oovernment thousands of 
dollars in typewriters. 

.About November 1st Captain Cane left Kelly Field 
temr)orarily, and during his absence Captain Wheeler acted 
as Engineer Officer. The latter came to the Department, 
having been commissioned a 1st Lieutenant at the Training 
Camp at Fort Niagara. He, in civil life, was a manufac- 
turer of piston rings for motors. On October 5th he was 
promoted to the rank of Captain, and on January 1st ap- 
pointed penuanent School Engineer Officer; Captain Cane 
having been relieved in order that he might return to his 
civil occupation, in Rochester, New York. Captain Cane 
has the honor of holding the command of Chief Engineer 
Officer for ovrr six months, this being 4 months larger 
than any other Engineer Offiocr has done in the history 
of the field. 


Going back to the day.s when the Engineer Depart- 
ment was first organized on November 1st, 1917 at Kelly 
No. 2. the Machine and Motor Shops were in charge of 
Lieut. Cane. The Motor Shop could only handle eleven or 
twelve motors a week, which was all the shop was equipped 
to care for as designed and laid out by Washington, to take 
care of the flying at this Field. As this equipment woul(i 
only take care of 120 flying hours a day and 600 cadets 
was the minimum number to be trained, if the cadets were 
to receive one hour per day it would be necessary to en 
large the motor shop eight times its capacity. 

In .January the shops were turning out twenty motors 
per week. In March the production was increased to 
ninety-five motors per week and it was in this month 
that the Flying Department established the record' of the 
world for flying hours per day on one field — 1032 hours. 
This, of course, meant that at that number of flying hours 
the Flying Department would use eighteen rebuit motors 
a day. This increase in production of rebuilt motors call 
ed for a large increase of the personnel of this Division, 
and' Lieut. Crandall, Lieut. Stanley and Lieut. Hussell were 
assigned as Assistants to Lieut. Cane. 

The Test Stands were at this time increased to eight. 
The test was under the management of Lieut. Hussell, who 
was a former employee of the Curtiss Motor Co. and a very 
efficient Officer. About April 1st Major Decker was made 
Engineer Officer with Lieut. Cane Chief Assistant and 
Lieut. Crandall in charge of the division. Lieut. Faust 
was at this time in charge of the Machine Shop during the 
day shift; Lieut. Chas. Martin being in charge at night, 
it being necessary to use a night shift in the Machinf 
Shop on account of the great amount of work on hand. In 

June. July and August a great many jigs and fixtures were 
made in the .Machine Shop allowing the work to be com- 
pleted much faster, and about the first of .'\ugusl, the night 
shift was abandoned and Lieut. .Martin placed in charge 
of the Motor Overhaul. In Siplember Lieut. Hussril 
was transferred elsewhere and Lieut. Coyne assigned 
to the Overhaul and Test, witii Litul. Holmlund in 
charge of the Machine Shop. During August and Sep- 
tember so many men were drafted from the shop that 
radical changes were necessary in order to keep up produc 
tion. so the Progressive System of operation was put into 
effect. In this way the production necessary to keep the 
maximum number of ships in commission was accompi..,..- 
cd. Much trouble was caused during the summer by not 
being able to get repair parts. This was remedied, how 
ever, by having patterns made and by casting the parts 
in a small foundry which had been installed. 

The proper jigs for these parts were made in the Ma- 
chine Shop and the smaller motor parts, such as Rocker 
Arms, Cam Sliaft Bearing.?, and the like were made in 
quantities and nearly as fast as they could be made in 
.Motor Factories. Small steel and brass parts were marie 
in the Machine Shop as well as a great airplane fittings 
for which blanking and finishing dies were made. Also 
fixtures and tools were made for putting new valve seats 
in cylinders by mean.s of which about 507c of the cylinders. 
wliicli had, before this, been discarded, were saved. Many 
other time and labor saving tools were made at this time, 
both for the machine and motor shops. Fixtures were also 
made for saving wrist pins by which eighty or ninty per 
cent of worn wrist pins were saved. 

Late in September, Lieut. Crandall was promoted to 
Captain and on October 1.5th was placed on temporary duty 
elsewhere, leaving Lieut. Coyne in charge of the Division 
with Lieut. Holmlund in cliarge of the Machine Shop. Diir 
in.g this time the production was cut down considerably, 
3.5 motors a week being the maximum. The chief cause 
was the transfer of experienced men elsewhere and the 
bringing in of new men whose knowledge of motors con- 
sisted of eight weeks at a motor school. These condi- 
tions necessitated a change in order to increase produc- 
tion. With the assistance of Mr. Hoskins of Washington, 
the chan,ge was made. The progressive system in the shop 
was changed' in the Assembly Department. The men in 
this Department assembled their own motor complete. In 
the change the assembly was divided up and each man 
would assemble a certain part of the motor. The man Is 
held at this work of assembling one part for two weeks, 
then he is moved to the next step, until finally he has 
been graduated in all the steps of assembling motors. This 
system has proven fairly satisfactory in the line of [irodvic- 

About October, Lieut. L. S. Crane was assigned to the 
Motor Shop as assistant to Lieut. Coyne. He continued to 
carry on the work already begun. The salvage depart- 
ment was installed about this time, and gives the motor 
shop the apportunity to salvage parts of condemned motors 
that are very much needed. On November 1st, Lieut. 
Coyne was ordered elsewhere temporarily, and during his 
absence. Lieut. Crane was in charge, without any assistants 
except Non-commissioned Officers. The work of the shop 
continued along the same lines. On December 1st, Lieut. 
Coyne returned and took charge until the return on De- 
cember 9th of Captain Crandall. 



In connection with the Motor and Macliine Shop art 
five smaller rtepartnunts, all in charge of Non-Commission- 
ed Officers. These Departments are: Welding and Briiz- 
ing Department, Blacksmith Department, Heat Treatment 
Department, Sheet Metal Work Department and Vulcaniz 
ing and Tire Repair Department. 

There are about 20 Non-Coms. in this division that 
deserve special mention and all were recomended for com- 
missions. They may rest assured that they have not been 
forgotten as their team work and cooperation as well a.-i 
faithful service were appreciated by every officer In the 
Engineering Department as well as by their country. 

The men in this Department are nearly all high class 
workmen, owing to the fact that so many different kinds 
of work arc done here. The work consists of repairing and 
rebuilding fuselages, radiators, watches, clocks, compasses, 
gas and oil gauges, air speedometers, landing gears, oil 
lines, gas lines, and also all struts made on the field are 
copper-tipped in this Department. Furthermore, the suc- 
cessful repair of altimeter.? has been accomplished as well 
as that of the distance type thermometers and tachometers 
by apparatus specially designed for this work. 

Linen ('wvered Surface Shops 


In the early days of Kelly Field this Division was 
known as the Experimental and Repair Department. Its 
personnel consisted of two officers: Lieut. Bagnell, and 
Lieut. R. D. Wilson, and thirty-eight enlisted men. 

All the work of the Division was carried on in one 
Building, excepting wing repairs and the covering of wings, 
which was not attempted until after December 4, 1917. 
Then the Departments were removed to their present loca 
lion. It was then called the Airplane Division and divided 
into several sub-departments: the Linen Covered Surface 
Shop; the Erecting and Repair Department, the Final As- 
sembly Shops, and the Wrecking Department. 

The officers who have been in charge of this Division 
since its organization are: Lieut. Bagnell, Lieut. H. K. B. 
Davis, Lieut. Lowell H. Smith, Lieut. Harry Weddington, 
Mr. T. Mathieu, and Lieut. R. T. Robison. 

All work necessary for the construction and mainten- 
ance of airplanes Is carried on in this Division. In fact 
it is possible to assemble a complete Curtiss JN4 plane in 
this Division from parts manufactured on Kelly Field. 

The Fnselage and Instrument licpair Shops 

When the Airplane Division was organized a building 
was selected for the Fuselage and Wire Shops. Sergtaul 
1st Class B. A. Angel was placed in charge, and Lieut. 
W. E. Conway was the first commissioned officer. 

There were eighty-six fuselages in the Department at 
the time Lieut. J. M. Loeblein was assigned and produc- 
tion was being seriously interferred with by the large 
amount of work required to align a fuselage, but this was 
soon overcome by constructing a table top of three-ply 
laminated wood. With this last arrangement a fuselage 
can now be aligned in about one hour and twenty minutes. 
Lieut. Loeblein was transferred to the Wrecking and Order 
Department and was succeeded by Lieut. C. G. McCarn. 
The Landing Gear Department was removed from the 
Woodworking Department, and Lieut. McCarn constructed 
a room for the Instrument Repair Shop, which was moved 
from the Engineering Building to the Fuselage and Repair 
Shops. About the first of Septetnber Lieut. McCarn was 
assigned to the Field and Hangar and was succeeded by 
Lieut. A. E. Goode, who remained in charge until November 
15, when he was ordered elsewhere, and Lieut. McGregor 
was assigned as Officer in Charge. 

In the early days of this Division these shops occupied 
two buildings. Sergeant Ray A. Kyes was in charge from 
December 1917 to May 1918. The first commissioned of- 
ficer was Lieut. C. G. Thayer, who was succeeded by Lieut. 
S. W. Bushnell who served about four months as Officer 
in Charge. In Sept. he was transferred to St. Paul. Minn., 
in connection with the E, M. T. D. and Lieut. Laurence 
Hills was placed in charge and still retains this office. 

Krerling and Repair Deparlmenl 

One building is occupied by the Erecting and Repair 
Department. Sergeant Swan was first in charge and served 
for about six months in this capacity when Lieut. 0. C. 
Francis was appointed Officer in Charge. He was followed 
by Lieuts. Porter, C. G. McCarn. Conway, Shoemaker, Weid- 
mann, Owen, G. R. Parry, and Highley, the latter in charge 
at the present time. 

It is in this shop that the work of preliminary assembly 
is carried on. Wings are received from the Linen Covered 
Surface Shops and fuselages from the Fuselage and Instru- 
ment Repair Shop. All parts are fitted and carefully as- 
sembled by crews of expert workmen. In addition to this 
a great deal of work known as general overhaul, is done 
on ships that have been turned in from the line which, 
in the opinion of the inspector at the hangar, do i;0t re- 
quire realignment of the fuselage and recovering of the 
aerotoils. After the ship has received a thoro inspection 
it is turned over to the Final Assembly Shops. About 
fifty men are on the roster and as high as five ships have 
been completed in this Department in one day. ^| i 

Final Assembly Shops 

What is now known as the Final Assembly Shops was 
known in the old days as the Receiving and Testing Divi- 
sion. Lieut. Bagnell was the first officer in charge and 
v>as followed by Lieut. Green. Lieut. Hamlin, Liet. Robi 
son. Lieut. Griffee and Lieut. Cooper. 

The Department started with three hangars and 'at 
present occupies seven hangars. The Wrecking Depart- 
ment formerly in charge of Lieut. Shoemaker occupies one 
hangar. The duties of this Department are to remove 
wrecks, inspect all ships turned in from the Field and 
Hangar Division, to pull all motors, and also determine 
the amount of work and the Department in which it is 
to be done. 

All wires and side pans for the entire field are made 
in hangar 8. The work in the Final Assembly Shops cm- 
sists of installing molors and rigging planes. This is the 



most important department in the Division, owing to the 
fact that the ships are flown after leaving this shop. The 
responsibility of the officers and men in this Department is 
greater than that of any other. AH the work done by the 
other Departments must be inspected by these men and 
they must be experts in the work tliat has previously been 
done. It therefore, goes without saying, that the officers 
and men selected for this work are the best that can be 


The growth of the Testing and Inspecting Stage from 
a small one-man affair to the present state reads like a 
fairy tale. 

In the beginning all the work done by the Department 
was to fly the new ships as they were brought into the 
field and set up, and also the repaired ships, of which 
there were only a few. Under the present organization, 
the Officer in Charge of the Department, Lieut. E. W. 
Franklin, with Lieuts. L. Phillips, W. B. Harwood, W. P, 
Kite, T. H. Highley and J. H. Cooper as Assistants, has to 
pass on the flying condition of every ship that is used in 
the Flying Department. AH ships on the field are inspect 
ed and tested at regular intervals, and when in his opinion 
they are not in perfect flying condition, they are ordered 
to be sent to the Airplane Division for general overhaul. 
When minor repairs are made by the crews of the ships, 
the work is inspected and the ship is given a thoro test 
before it can be used again by the Flying Department. 
Altho the ships have been overhauled by the most skill- 
ed workmen, it is a rare thing when one is in good flying 
condition without having several changes made in the 

To be a Tester, a man must be an expert flyer of de- 
cided mechanical ability, he must have a highly developed 
sense of feeling the action of a ship; must be well versed 
in the theory and construction of airplanes, and understand 
the principles of aeronautical engineering. 

The work of a Tester is full of thrills and excitment 
because he never knows what to expect of a new ship. They 
are much like a wild horse; very unruly and sometimes 
hard to tame. When he takes one of these ships up he 
never knows just when, where or how it is coming down. 
A black and white streamer is carried on the rudder so 
that if the ship becomes very unruly all other ships wifl 
know that it is a ship being tested and will give it the 
right of way. 

Major Geo. E. Stratemeyer was the first Tester, and 
flew over 100 hours testing. Major Reynolds relieved him. 
Sh.rtly after a civilian flyer. Hr. Holterman. relieved Major 
Reynolds and was in charge of the Department until Feb- 
ruary. 1918. when he was ordered elsewhere. Then Mr. 
Mathieu took charge and was assisted by civilian flyer 
Philip D. Rader, formerly of the Royal Flying Corps, Mr. 
Doolittle, formerly of the Lafayette Escadrille, Lieut. David 
G. Bruton and Lieut. George N. Belser. 

In May, 1918, Mr. Mathieu was relieved and put in 
charge of the Airplane Division. Lieut. David D. Brulon 
was then put in charge of the stage and assisted by 

Lieut. Wm. White, Lieut. T. J. Lenihan and Cadet A. H. 
Heermance. who had been a Tester for the Curtiss factory. 
Lieut. Bruton was in charge of the stage until July, wlien 
he was ordered elsewhere. 

Lieutenant T. J. Lenihan was then made Officer in 
Charge of the Stage, and was assisted by Lieuts. E. W. 
Franklin, W. B. Harwood, J. H. Cooper, T. H. Highley, W. 
F. Buck and Cadet A. H. Heermance. Lieut. Lenihan re- 
mained in charge of the Department until October the 11th, 
when he was ordered overseas. 

Lieut. E. W. Franklin then took charge of the Depart- 
ment and his present staff includes Lieuts. W. B. Har- 
wood. W. P. Kite, T. H. Highley, L. L, Phillips and J. H. 


The Field and Hangar Division is responsible for the 
maintenance and minor repairs of ships from the time 
they are assembled until they are turned over to the Air- 
planes Division for overhaul. This, of course, includes the 
instruction of personnel, maintenance of supply bases, 
cleaning of ships, and adjustments on motors necessary 
for their efficient operation. 

Lieut. Becker was the First Officer in charge, and 
posstssed excellent ideas in regard to organization. It was 
aliout this time that Colonel Brant, who was then Com- 
manding Officer of Kelly Field No. 2, gave the order for a 
general re-organization of the Field and Hangar Division. 

At this time, there were about 800 men assigned to this 
Division from fourteen different squadrons. The men were 
all directly under the control of the officer in charge of 
Field and Hangars, and the crew men troubleshooters and 
inspectors of each stage were scattered over all the Field. 
Six organizations were designed as service squadrons. 
Each squadron was assigned three hangars and approxim- 
ately 18 ships, flying on two stages. There were about 12 
stages on the Field at this time. The personnel of each 
stage was left intact in the reorganization and all the 
transfers to the service squadrons from other organizations 
were made without interference in the flying schedules. 
By the time the re-organization was completed, it was 
found that nearly every man in the Field had been moved 
to another organization. 

The primary object in this re-organization was to have 
each service squadron leave the Field intact when ordered 
overseas and it was expected that the training it received 
at this Field would equip and qualify the men for im- 
mediate overseas work. The Commanding Officer of each 
service squadron was also made the Engineer Officer of 
the stages it operated, thus automatically lifting the direct 
responsibility of the work on each stage from the officer 
in charge of Field and Hangars; and making the Engineer 
Officer of the squadron responsible to the officer in charge 
of Field and Hangars, for all of the operations handled in 
his stages. This system continued in operation to the sign- 
ing of the Armtsiice and has undoubtedly proved a very 
efficient way to handle the personnel of a two-unit Field. 




In the early days of Kelly Field the Woodworking 
Department was started in connection with the experi- 
mental and repair building at Kelly Field No. 1. The per- 
sonnel consisted of six men, with M. S. E. Randall in 
charge. This was in the administration of Lieut. Bagnell 
and the enlisted men were from the 110th Aero Repair 

In October, 1917, the woodworking branch was moved 
to Kelly No. 2, made a separate department, and placed 
under the supervision of Lieut. Goodnow, who had as his 
assistant Sgt. Biglow, a reliable man. experienced in wood- 
working. In December of the same year Lieut. Edwards 
was placed in charge of the department. With much ad- 
ditional machinery and an increase in the personnel, rapid 
strides were made to put the shop in a position to handle 
the production of all wooden parts for ships on this field. 
Lieut. Edwards made a special study of the use of jigs, 
which facilitated production in large quantities. 

Even at this early stage of the Kelly Field organiza- 
tion, propeller making, which has since become a very im- 
portant section of the Woodworking Department, was be- 
gun. Previously, this was unheard of as a field work not 
only in the United States, but even in the allied countries 
of Europe. During the summer months poplar propellers 
were used, and due to the extreme heat they proved very 
satisfactory. These sticks are now known as the "Kelly 
Field Propellers." Since that time rapid strides have been 
made in the manufacture of propellers and at present 
they are being made for both Hispano-Suiza and Liberty 
Motors. Segt. Lytle, who is now in charge of this depart- 
ment, has given a great deal of attention to the making 
of these propellers, which are gaining a reputation in the 
Southern Department. Corporal Peoples also deserves much 
credit for the skilled workmanship that has added much 
to the name of this propeller. Propeller making is not 
easy, as it requires skilled workmanship as well as some 
knowledge of the texture of wood. The rough lumber is 
first dressed and then kiln dried to the right moisture 
content, which adds to the life and strenght of every 
propeller. Glueing the laminations necessitates quick and 
accurate work, but of all the propellers that have been 
made here not one has opened in a glue joint. Much of 
this credit belongs to Private Williams, one of the oldest 
men in the shop and a most energetic and versatile worker. 

Aside from the propeller department the shop is divid- 
ed into sub-departments, which make all wood parts neces- 
sary for use on ships of this field. Lieut. Edwards organ- 
ized things so that parts were made and kept In stock. 
This enabled the Airplane Division to draw on the Wood- 
working Department for complete wooden parts just as 
they could be purchased from manufacturers, and made un- 
necessary any further shipments of wooden members to 
this field by the Bureau of .\ircraft Production. 



Commissioned 1st Lieut, in Signal Reserve Corps, 
Aviation Section, Aug. 15, 1917. Assigned to Kelly Field 
Aug. 21, 1917, made Asst. Engineer Officer in Charge of 
Motor and Machine Shops Nov. 25, 1917. June 20th, 1918 
made Chief Engineer Officer. Reserve Military Aviator 
August, 1918, and promoted to Captain August 1st, 1918. 


Was a member of "I" Troop, 1st Cavalry, N. G. N. Y. 
from May, 1912 to June 1914. Entered 2nd Provisional Tr. 
Regiment, Ft. Niagara, N. Y. on Aug. 27th, 1917 and was 
commissioned 1st Lieut. Nov. 27, 1917. Reported to Kelly 
Field, Texas, Dec. 12, 1917. Graduated from Ground Schooi 
Jan. 12, 1918, and Januarv' 11 assigned to the 110th Aero 
Squadron. January 22 assigned to the Engineering Depart- 
ment. Prcrmoted to Captain September 27, 1918. 


Member of Co. K, 3rd N. Y. Volunteer Inf. from May 
1st, 1898 to Dec. 9th, 1898, and two years member of Co. 
K. 3rd Reg. N. Y. N. G. from 1898 to 1901. Entered the 
Training Camp at Fort Niagara, N. Y., on August 22nd 
1917, Commissioned 1st Lieutenant November 27th, 1917. 
Ordered to Kelly Field on March 23 and assigned to the 
Engineering Dept. 


Enlisted September 19, 1917. Pvt. 1st class A. S. S. 
E. R. C; entered the School of Military Aeronautics at 
Austin, Texas. October 15. 1917 and was graduated De- 
cember 8, 1917. Was transferred and reported to Kelly 
Field December 10, 1917. and completed the R. M. A. Courst= 
January 26, 1918. Was commissioned 2nd lieut. on Feb. 
8. 1918. and assigned to School for Instructors. On March 
oth. 1918. was injured in a tall and incapacitated from 
further flying ducy. Was assigned as Assistant Officer in 
Charge Field and Hangar Division in the Engineering 
Department on August 24th. 


Fir/Al ASSEMliVt^ 


■■■ HI III 




IHE Maintenance Depart- 
ment is one of the most 
necepsary Departments, 
nnt only of the Flying Dept. but 
of all institutions. Therefore, in 
a place as large and vigorous 
as the Flying Department, Kelly 
Field, Texas, the Maintenance 
Dept. is bound to be a live and 
busy part thereof. 

The Maintenance Dept. is the 
heart, without which the Insti- 
tution would absolutely die. The 
buildings must be kejit in re- 
pair; the roads, walks, sewers, 
watermains, electric lines, — in 
fact every artery of the institu- 
tion must be kept in repair, alive and moving. 

The new military camps all over the U. S. were buill 
in a hurry with the least possible delay, which meant that 
the Maintenance would be proportionately greater than it 
would have been h;id time permitted a more substantial 

The buildings were hastily constructed and then filled 
to more than capacity and given the maximum strain. 
Thus it was that a carpenter force had to be organized and 
kept at work repairing the weak places which give way. 
This was no small task. Imagine one force of Carpenters 
keeping in repair and doing the necessary new construction 
of a city of fotir thousand live, wide-a-wak". hard working 
men, working night and day to their full capacities. Not 
only did they have to keep up repairs, but had to have 
their own little mill in which they make all the furniture, 
chairs, tables, office desks, cabinets, chests, every article 
necessary for the benefit and help of those working in the 
buildings — no small amount of work. This Carpenter 
work was headed by Sergt. H. D. Parker, who was very ably 
assisted by a carpenter force of from twenty-five to some- 
times thirtyfive first class skilled men. 

The Machine Shops, the Woodworking Shops, the 
Foundries, — even the Sewing Machines in the wing surface 
shops were all run by electric motors. These had to be 
kept running night and day, because the men on the other 
side were fighting night and day and we had to keep 
them supplied and backed up night and day. 

The Electrical Department had at its head Sergt. 
Harry Lehniger, who gathered around him a crew of elec- 
tricians whose abilities could never be questioned, — men 

who worked faithfully, many times at the top of some cold, 
wet, icy pole in a forty mile wind, and other times under 
tlie hot roof of a Imilding exposed to hot rays of a Texas 
Simimer Sun. 

With all the buildings of this City of Army-workers 
there must be some protection from fire; the i)eople must 
have water, and an up-to-date waterworks System was in- 
stalled. With Sergt. 1st class W. H. Casiday at the head of 
a cotnpetcnl and faithful crew of skilled men, the Water 
works Dept. has always been maintained with an enviable 

Where there is a water system there is always a sewer 
system, and where there is either or both systems there 
must be a Plumber or Plumbers. A city of this size had 
to have a Plumbing Dept. — that was a plumbing Dept. and 
during these war times there was no time for the usual 
lihimbers' slowness, with several trips back to the shop 
for sometliing forgotten. 

It took a man with the army title of M. E. to handle 
this Dept. and M. E. Chas. A. Enos was the man selected. 

It would be a sin to have all this fine city built up 
with a consistent style of architecture and no paint, there- 
fore all buildings were painted and had to be kept painted. 
Sergt. Edgin Hall, with that true imaginative artistic 
ability born only to true artists, is the man put at the head 
of a crew of men who proved to be just such men as Uncle 
Sam wanted. 

A city belonging to Uncle Sam must be sanitary. That 
means everything. There must be no depressions in the 
roads, no mud holes on the grounds, the entire territory 
in and around must be kept clean. Cans for trash and 
garbage and that garbage and trash kept cleaned up and 
burned. Wood and coal must be placed at all buildings 
needing fuel and must be keep in neat bins or piles. This 
is known as police work in an army camp, and the man 
in charge of this work must have the ability to handle 
men, many men of all classes. 

Some of the men in the Police Department must be 
skilled in road construction, some skilled in incinerating, 
and some in the beautifying of the Parkways. This Dept. 
is one difficult job but Sgt. 1st Class G. A. Lusby main- 
tained it well. 

People must eat at all times of the year and in the 
winter time they must keep warm. It takes wood to keep 
the fire going and for a city of this size it takes plenty of 
it. For one man to saw and split from fifteen to twenty 



cords of wood a day seems impossible. Nor can one man 
do that much without help, but when the Department found 
Corporal C. L. Brinson to handle the wood saws and the 
crew to help him there was no need to trj' any other man. 
He surely has filled the bill with great credit to himself. 

In order to keep these various branches of the Main- 
tenance Dept. supplied with their needs, it was compulsory 
to maintain a supply and warehouse, where a large and 
valuable stock of all kinds of material was kept. A man 
of unquestionable honor, integrity and ability had to be 
chosen. It fell to the lot of Sergt. Willard Stauffer to 
handle this position, and he is still at it. 

The Maintenance Dept. had to have a Headquarters, 
and like all Depts. of this magnitude and importance it 
takes an office force to run It. In the beginning there were 
many office men; some commissioned officers, some non- 
coms and some stenographers, but there proved to be one 
man who was a live wire, and it was soon found that the 
whole Dept. could be run with this one clerk to assist the 
Officers in Charge. 

Just like a Sergt. Major is to a Squadron so is this clerk 
to the Maintenance Dept. The Officers in Charge put their 
full dependence upon Sergt. H. A. Russell, and he handles 
the Maintenance Department to such a degree of satisfac- 
tion that the Dept. won't let him go home when he wants 
to go. 

Captain F. Van P. Ellsworth, who has been the Main- 
tenance Officer since May 7th, 1918 succeeding Capt. Toms, 
has been relieved from duty to be discharged from the 

Service that he might return to his Civil profession, that 
of Civil Engineer, and is succeeded by 1st Lieut. Chas. P. 
Skerap, who will remain in the regular service, and who 
has had many years experience in this line of work. 


F. Van P. Ellsworth, Capt. A. S. A., Chas P. Skemp, 1st. 
L,leut. A. S. M. A., Edward Schumaker, 1st Lieut. U. S. G., 
U. S. A.. H. D. Parker, Sergt. X. C. O. in charge of Carpenters, 
Chas. A. Enos. M. E. N. C. O. in charge of Plumbers, G. A. 
Lusby, Sgt. 1st. class N. C. O. in charge of Provost Work, 
Willard Stauffer, Sgt. N. C. O. In charge of Warehouse. Edwin 
Hall. Sgt. N. C. O. in charge of Painters, Harry Lehniger, Sgt. 
N. C. O. in charge of Electricians, W. H. Casiday. Sgt. 1st class 
N. C. O. in charge of Pump House (Water Station), H. A. 
Russell, Sgt. N. C. O. in charge of Maintenance Office. C. L. 
Brunson, Cpl. N'. C. O. in charge of Wood Saws. 

Provost Detail — Chfr. J. E. Bond, Sgt. Glen Pringle, Chfr. 
1st. class T. R. Thompson. Stock Clerk — Chauffeur H. H. 
Ratcliffe. Corpenters — Pvt. O. B. Leverson, Cpl. G. M. Cran- 
uall. Pvt. R. K. Bloy. Pvt. L. L. Little, Pvt. 1st. class Thos. 
Doherty, Cpl. John Kater. Cpl. R. Baker, Pvt. G. Herman. 
Cpl. R. C. Hadl.i-y. Sgt. J. A. Johnson. Pvt. J. E. Soldwedel, Pvt. 
H. E. Johnson. Painters — Sgt. Edwin Hall, Cpl. A. E. Cronk. 
Electricians — P\ t. 1st. class S. M. Divers, Chfr. Ray E. Lynn. 
Pvt. Frank Fitzler. Pvt. R. H. McDonald, Chfr. Robt. Toole. 
Pvt. C. T. Hager. PlDmbers — Pvt. E. George. Pvt. H. E. Flet- 
cher. Pvt. Alex Clark, Pvt. C. J. White, Pvt. F. D. Williford. 
I'vt. 1st CI. H. Olsen. Pvt. A. B. Olsen. Water Station — Cpl. 
W. H. Becker. Sgt. A. B. Doolan. Pvt. E. U. Rose. In Charge 
Janitor Porce — Pvt. 1st class J. T. Johnson. Bricklayer — 
Pvt. J. B. Kellv. 


A wind vane which can be seen from any angle at a 
great distance has been installed on the top of the water 
i;ink in Kelly Field No. 2. It was designed and installed 
by Capt. F. Van P. Ellsworth, Maintenance Officer. 

The direction of the wind as shown by this vane is also 
electrically recorded in the office of the Officer in Charge 
of Flying, as is also the velocity of the wind. A U. S. Gov- 
ernment anem meter is used for this purpose, and is also 
located on the top of the tank. 

The landing signal will be painted white, which, hav- 
ing as a back ground the red roof of the hangar, will make 
it r'~inly visible at a height of several thousand feet. 

An Improved Incinerator 


le/fLim - 






mX ORDER to maintain a hish standard of efficiency 
in the Inbrication of aeroplanes, a department was 
organized in Washington, D. C. known in military 
circles as the Lubrication Department. Douglas L. Keys, 
as Lubrication Engineer, and Ralph A. dinger, as Oil In- 
spector, were assigned to the field April 1. 1918. They, with 
the aid of John H. Frey, ALS.E., and L. W. Arbogast! Sgt., 
1st Class, soon built up a department which has acheiveC 
great success in its work. 

The flying field has been supplied with oil, grease and 
gasoline, as have also the outlying fields, used by the Flying' 
Department of this field. Appro.ximately 7500 gallons of 
aeroplane gasoline. 2100 gallons, of commercial gasoline, 
300 gallons of aeroplane oil, 150 gallons of auto oil and 
50 pounds of grease daily have been issued by this De- 
partment from April 1st to the present date. This means 
an outlay of practically .f3000 daily. 

To comply with our government's wishes, and help 
save the world for democracy, we have developed a system 
of oil reclamation, by w"hich means the same oil may be 
used an indefinite number of times. 

The first thing necessary in getting this oil back for 
reclamation was. of course, getting it out of the planes 
and back to the Oil House. Each plane was entirely 
emptied of oil at the end of every 8 hours flying, and this 
dirty oil placed in containers in the hangars. A detail of 
men from this Department took a truck and picked up 
this oil serveral times a week, bringing it to the Oil House, 
where it was later placed in the reclaimers. 

In reclaiming used oil taken from the crank cases of 
aeronautical motors, it is necessary to first remove the 
gasoline which contaminates the oil. and which has de- 
stroyed its original viscosity. It is also necessary to 
remove the fine particles of carbon, metal and water which 
the oil holds in suspension. When this is thoroughly 
done it will be found that the oil can be restored so that 
it will again have all the original characteristics. As a 
matter of fact, block tests have shown that reclaimed oil 
deposits less carbon in the engine than does new oil of 

the same brand. It seems that there are certain con- 
stituents of oil which form carbon deposits and after be- 
ing once run in an engine, some of these constituents 
are removed from the oil so that when it is used again 
these carbon formations are absent. 

The idea is quite prevalent among mechanics and 
pilots that oil becomes "worn out," and that is the reason 
why, up to the present time, the oil has been thrown 
away after a few hours use. As a mater of fact there is 
no such thing as oil being "worn out." The oil does ac- 
cumulate the impurities mentioned above, which render It 
unfit for long continued use. but if these are all removed, 
the reclaimed oil is every bit as good as new oil. Thes" 
facts have been carefully ascertained by the Lubrication 
Department by careful experiments on reclaimed oil in 
the laboratory, on the engine test blocks and in actual 

The reclamation of the oil in itself is a wonderful 
thing, but there is another side we had to consider at the 
same time, that being a saving of money. Approximately 
three-fourths of all the oil issued was returned to the 
Oil House to be reclaimed. In the process of reclamation 
80 7^ of the dirty oil was recovered, and when this was 
sent out. it again came back, so that some of the oil was 
used and reclaimed several times over. A total money 
saving alone, from the time this department began oper- 
ations, to the present time, has reached the sum of from 
$18,000 to $20,000. This, in times such as we have been 
passing through, has more than repaid the Government for 
any costs incurred at the Jjeginning of this great work. 

The necessity of such a saving, even in time of peace, 
has been brought forcibly to our notice, and the Govern- 
ment had decided to retain this department, in connection 
with future operations of both army and navy. 

Even though the resources of our great and glorious 
country seem to be unlimited, yet the last two years have 
been the means of bringing home to us in a most forcible 
manner, the fact that efficiency and conservation, working 
hand in hand, spell success, in every line of work. 


' '" -^ — — ^^=-:i, 

»« Mlgg i S MP " =« =■»— -» 


.\P:\V aeroplane ready for flight can be con- 
structed in 230 working hours in the shops of Kelly 
Field Flying Department, 

The immensity of the repair and rebuilding facilities of 
the Kelly Field Flying Department shops is staggering to 
the mind of the uninitiated and few officers and men of 
Kelly Field have a full realization of the work done there. 

With the exception of the steel wire and pure linen 
cloth, everp niece and part of an aeroplane can be made 
at Kelly Field, even to the delicate carburetor for an aero- 
plane motor. New machines could be built but the work 
of the Engineer Department is confined to repairing and 

A damaged ship is hauled to the wrecking and order 
department where it is completely dismantled. If there 
is any salvage, it is sent to the shop that does that portion 
of the work. The motor, for instance, is sent to the motor 
shop, and any other part of the machine to what ever 
shop is equipped to handle the special repairs that need 
attention. There is always a large supply of parts on hand. 
From the assembly the plane is sent to the testing and 
final inspectin,g department and here it is again gone over 
to make sure that nothing has been forgotten. When it 
leaves this department, it is again ready for service and 
as the life of one pilot is worth many times the cost of all 
the machines in the service, care it taken that nothing is 


On June 12th, 191S, orders received from the uttice 
of the Chief Signal Officer in Washington officially estab- 
lishing the Kelly Field Raoio Station were received. The 
station was erected and maintained by the Radio Depart- 
ment of the Cadet Wing School, and was located in the 
School building. It has been in operation ever since and 
has proved of signal benefit and convenience to all depart- 
ments of the Field. 

A long wave-receiving cabinet set was employed and 
two operators were kept constantly on duty, day and night. 
""Much experimental work was done at this station which 
served to greatly increase its range of operation. Audion 
amplifiers were used to great advantage and many long- 
distance records of receiving were made and surpassed. 

The principal use to which the station was put consist- 
ed of receiving messages from Ft. Sam Houston. Head- 
quarters of the Southern Department, and from the vari- 
ous other Government stations throughout the country. 
.■\lso press bulletins were received every night and these, 
with the daily weather reports were furnished to the vari- 
ous dpartments in the Field. The Kelly Field Eagle was 
also furnished news. 

The station proved of value also in communicating 
with disabled Radio Ships, forced to land at some remote 
point. Oftimes by this means they were located and 
furnished help in a much shorter period of time than would 
have been otherwise possible. 

Both undamped and spark stations could be heard 
with the set used and many Trans-Atlantic stations alons 
the East Coast were copied every night, notable among 
Iheni being the stations at New Brunswick. N. J., Arling- 
ton. Va., and Annapolis, Md. These stations were heard 
nightly communicating with Lyons, France, and Rome, 

Italy. The station at New Brunswick, N. J. was heard 
communicating with Nauen, Germany, even long before the 
news of the signing of the armistice reached Kelly Field. 
The equipment used was what is known as the Long-Wavs 
type, having a variable wave length of from one to fifteen 
thousand meters, and is one of the finest Cabinet sets in 
use by the U. S. Government. 

The station personnel is as follows: — Chief Operator; 
Herbert G. Ro.xley: Asst. Operators; Herbert Cunningham, 
Geo. S. Wilson, Andrew W. Joy. and Robert W. Downes 
Lieut. Philip B. Somerby, Radio Officer for Kelly Field, is 
in charge. 

Radio Ship 


"THE ^ 




MX .MAY 1918 Major Decker conceived the idea of 
convtrtinf; a Curtiss R4 airplane into a hospital 
ship, and worli was begun immediately. The fuselage 
was changed so that there was only one cockpit and the 
turtleback was hinged' on so that it could be easily 
thrown back just like the lid of a trunk. A stretcher ar- 
rangement was made to fit in under the turtleback and 
the patient who was to be carried could be safely strap- 
ped in. 

There are several advantages to be gained by having 
such a plane on the field. It is always easier to locate a 
wreck from the air than it is from the ground, and then 
Jhere is the advantage of getting medical assistance to 

the injured man quickor. Furthermore, he can be brought 
to the hospital in much less time than if an ambulance were 
to be employed. 

The hospital ship uses a 200 HP Curtiss motor and 
it will develop a speed of 100 miles per hour. All the 
work of converting the original ship into an aerial am- 
bulance was done in the Airplane Division. The ship had 
to be completely rebuit, and let it be said for the men 
who did the work that they accomplished a harder task 
than building a complete ship. 

The testing department, under the direction of Lt. 
E. W. Franklin, keeps this ship in flying condition and it 
Is always ready for use. 



Photo Hut Field Mess 

MOXG the various dtpartnients on Kelly Field which 
df.^erve special mention must be included the Photo- 

I graphic Section, or what is officially known as Aerial 

Section No. 39. This department is located in a little build- 
ing commonly termed the "Photo Hut." located in an ob- 
scure position just in the rear of the Cadet Wing School, 
Flying Department. 

As far as the Kelly Field activities of this section are 
concerned, it may be said that it is constantly kept busy 
photographing and printing views and portraits of build- 
ings and persons both in the Flying Department and in 
Kelly No. 1. The department is frequently called upon 
to do like work for Camp Travis. Brooks Field. Camp 
Stanley. Camp John Wise and Fort Sam Houston. 

But in the broader scope of its work, its men are here 
trained to take photographs from airplanes in flight, show- 
ing accurately the country over which they fly. Thousands 
of pictures are taken and from these is constructed an im- 
mense map of the terrain covered. The country withiii 
several hundred miles of San Antonio in each direction 
has been photographed, more than 100.000 exposures hav- 
ing been made. The department also recently made mov- 
ing pictures of stunt and formation flying under the direc- 
tion of an expert from the Committee on Public Informa- 
tion, of Washington, and these "movies" will be shown in 
all the large cities and towns over the country. The pic- 
lures from which maps are made are usually photographed 
from a height of from 7.000 to 10.000 feet. They are made 
on 4x5 inch plates and after being developed and printed 
are enlarged to twice this size. These maps are used by 
pilots of aircraft flying over strange country and are also 

preserved among the permanent records of the United 
States Geographical Survey, in Washington. 

When these maps are to be made the members of the 
department leave the Field with their motor lorry and 
trailer and follow the course of the plane doing the photo- 
graphing. This lorry is thoroughly equipped to perform 
every function of a photographic department, from the 
actual photographing to the final turning out of a com- 
pleted photo. The members of the department boast that 
they can turn out a completed photo eight minutes after 
;hey receive the film. This lorry outfit is also equipped to 
provide quarters and living accommodations for the men 
in charge. They carry their own provisions and do their 
own cooking and in fact live during the entire trip in their 
lorry and trailer The outfit provides Its own electricity, 
but also has an acetylene plant for use during emergency. 

Lieut. Joseph H. O'Connell. former Head Instructor in 
Map Interpretation at Cornell University, is in charge of 
this little band of photographic workers, and their effi- 
ciency and ability is attested by the fact that only a few 
months ago several of the contingent were sent to France 
to co-operate with the American Expeditionary Forces. 



"Halfway." the home of Kelly Field's pigeon unit, is 
properly located in the Flying Department, and attracts 
considerable attention from strangers and those whose 
duties compel them to pass the loft on the way to the 
main entrance, especially when the birds are compelkd 
to remain on the wing. This takes place twice daily, 
while the loft is being cleaned, and usually lasts about 
fifty minutes. Extraordinary care of the health of the 

birds is taken and everything possible is done to safeguard 
them fpom disease and attacks from winged enemies. 

The loft is under the command of First Lieut. Q. C. 
I'ough. pigeon officer. Private C. F. Pine is in charge of 
the winged messengers, the remaining members of the 
personnel consisting of Cha\if. First Class Louis F. .John- 
son. Pvts. J. F. Sims, H. G. Pfaff, M. K. McLellan and 
W. .\. Squier. 

^vSP'^m^^;^ " fr<S:/?' ^"ZtK^"^" 




^MIRE LEWIS was a band leader in .McKinney, 
Texas, at the time war was declared, and through 
Capt. J. A. Benton of the Fourth Texas Infantry 
became acquainted with the fact that this regiment had 
no band and immediately began negotiations with the 
Adjutant General to furnish one complete. Every man 
of the McKinney band, was, at this time, ready to go to 
the defense of his country, but on account of the delay cc 
casioned by Military Red Tape it was a month and a halt 
before a recruiting officer was finally sent to McKinney 
to enlist the band. By this time all excepting seven had 
decided to wait for the draft. These seven men signed up 
and were sent to San Antonio for enlistment. After the 
usual difficulties encountered in a recruit camp they were 
equipped with the necessities of a solaier and sent to their 
regiment which was then stationed at Brownsville, Texas. 

At Brownsville they found three musicians already in 
the regiment thus making a ten piece band. They had no 
music except half a dozen popular songs and as many 
marches. However, Colonel C. W. Nimon, the regimental 
commander, not being a musician, ordered the band to 
play for an officers' dance immediately after the instru- 
ments were issued. The dance progressed as well as could 
be expected under the existing circumstances. About the 
time the repertoire was finished fate took a hand and 
the lights went out for the night. 

They were stationed in Brownsville for one week and 
the first battalion was moved tt San Benito, a city of 
about 5.000 population, 20 miles up the kiO Grande. Here 
the regimental duties were assumed in earnest, this samp 
music being used for Reveille — march. Guard-mount, 
Parade. Dance, and Concert for fully a month before any 
other could be obtained. Finally when enlistments became 
heavy they were fortunate enough to recruit the band to 
something like fifteen men. However, they were handi- 
capped because of the shortage of men in headquarters 
company and the band did all the K. P, and fatigue for 
the company which made it next to impossible to have any 
success with rehearsals. After laboring under these diffi- 
culties and accomplishing practically nothing the band was 
ordered back to Brownsville during the latter part ot 

August for a period of thirty days for duty with the second 
battalion, commanded by Major Lloyd E. Hill. Here ..ue 
band had only musical duties to perform and could play 
and rehearse to their hearts' content. 

The first of October found them back at San Benito 
with the same difficulties to contend with as before. This 
lasted until October 12, when the regiment entrained for 
Ft. Worth, Texas, to become a part of the itjcn division. In 
the organization of this division two of the old regiments 
were consolidated to make one of war strength. As lae 
bands at that time were allowed only 2s men, and the 
regiment with which this one was consolidated had a full 
band, it fell to the lot of the Fourth Texas Band to be 
assigned to the depot brigade. 

In the depot brigade the mess conditions and quarters 
were not of the best and much could be written of the 
discomforts endured. On December 23, they received orders 
to report to the commanding officer of Kelly Field; arrived 
there about 4 A. M. Xmas day, and were assigned to the 
rookie lines as no one seemed to know what else to do 
with them. Finally they were assigned to the Flying De- 

The work in Kelly Field, taken as a whole, has been 
the most pleasant encountered in their very checkered 
career, and although each and every member of the ban*! 
feels a keen disappointment in not having been allowed to 
go to France, they have a very great satisfaction in the 
knowledge that they are members of the first and only 
authorized band in the Air Service of the U. S. Army. 

List of the Commanding Officers of "The First Air 
Service Band." 

Lieut. S. F. Stone, Lieut. J. I. Lawrence, Lieut. Carl 
E. Newman. Lieut. T. R. McCracken. 

Much credit for the success of the band is due to the 
leadership of Sgt. A. Frankel. Sgt. Fi-ankel secured his 
training at the N, Y, Institute of Musical Art. and at the 
Imperial Conservatory at Vienna. He later acted as Director 
and Violinist at the State Hospital, Riga, Russia, and was 
associated with the Russian Symphony Orchestra. 




HE GUARD of the Flying Department Kelly Field 
was organized on or about January 1, 1918. Major 
Heard was then Commanding Officer of the Field, 
and he assigned 2nd Lieut. G. W. McLean as Guard Officer. 
Kelly Field No. 2 at this time was under construction, and 
therefore many posts were maintained. Lieut. McLean 
proved to be a very efficient officer by soon whipping 
into sliape a competent organization out of men who had 
only been in service about two months, and most of them 

On April 18, 1918. Lieut. McLean was relieved by 
Lieut. Edward Schumacher. Men from all squadrons in 
the Field were assigned to guard duty, until the 243rd 
Squadron located at this field. This Squadron took over 
the entire Guard, which at this time covered twenty-three 
posts, manned by forty-nine privates, six corporals, and 
three sergeants; Sgt. Grove acting as Sergeant Major, 
and Sgt. G. A. Lusby and Sgt. Frank Erskine as duty 
Sergeants. This Guard furnished the snappiest guard 
mounts ever held in Kelly Field. 

After eighty days of the hardest and most tedious 
duties a soldier has to perform the 243rd Squadron was 
relieved of this duty. All members of this Squadron can 
well be proud of their record, as they were a fine Organi- 
zation and performed their duties in a very efficient and 
military manner. The 243rd men were relieved when it 
was ordered that on August 2nd, the 115th Squadron 
would relieve them of guard. The 243rd Squadron was 
then ordered to the various duties of the Flying Depart- 

The 115th Squadron started their new duties with a 
spirit equal to that of the 243rd. The same posts were 
maintained, and although Guard Duty was something new 

for the men. they wore soon e.xecuting their new duties 
in a creditable manner. Many of the men of the 115th will 
never forget Sergeant Groves (slogan) "Press down on 
the Butt." Sergeant Grove was commissioned 1st Lieul. 
in the United States Guard, and left for his new duties 
on August 15, 1918. 

Lieut. Schumacher was relieved on August Sth. by 2nd 
Lieut. R. S. Nason. On August 17th, the 115th was re- 
lieved and a permanent Guard detachment formed from 
all Squadrons on the Field. Sergeant Frank Erskine was 
assigned as Sgt. Major and Sgts. Tisserand. Kick, and 
Horton as duty Sergeants. Lieut. W. S. Blakeley. Jr.. was 
then assigned as Guard Officer. 

■A'g^li' t^k 

Gtnni IZXAZ DDEL3t5— AT kZLlY 


FLU Wfl5 

Our midst 

\w-i-d- e:!| I • .- 



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FTERWARD the Flying School Detachment Squadron 
"A." the 2nci Aero Squadron was the second to be 

1 organized in the United States Army, as noted by 

its. numerical designation. It was crganized November 15th, 
1915. at San Diego. California, where the only Aviation 
School at that time was located, and it was from this 
school that the squadron selected most of its members. The 
rest of the members were taken from the 1st Aero Squadron, 
then the only completely equipped squadron in the country. 
U wa.s the policy of the Aviation School at San Diego, Cal.. 
to completely train and equip a squadron before ^^nding it 
into the field, because at that date, under 
peace conditions, time w'as not such an im- 
portant factor and men were selected for 
the school with great care, largely from 
other branches of the service. The military 
and civi'ian instructors at the Aviation 
School were mm cf national and inlfr- 
national reputation. The original 2nd Aero ccrsisted of six officers (Flying) 
and thirty-nine enlisted men (Mechanics). 
Two officers and ten enlisted men were 
taken from the 1st Aero Squadron, then 
stationed at the School of Fire. Fort Sili. 
Oklahoma, and four officers and twenty-nine 
enlisted men being taken from the Aviation 
School at San Diego, Cal. The officers were 
highly skilled pilots and each enlisted man 
was an expert mechanic in his line. Som° 
thing noteworthy of the Squadron's enlisted 
personnel is that only three men out of 
thirty-nine were serving on their first enliotment in the 
Regular Army, and not a man with less than two years 

The Squadron after bein.g organized left the United 
States for the Philippine Islands on January 5th, 1916, and 
arriving in Manila on February 4th of that year, was 
stationed at Ft. Mills, Corregidor Island, P. I. While there 
the Squadron did splendid work. 

Tliis work continued until the Squadron was ordered 
back to the States, several months after war was declared 
Kgainst Germany, and on the 15th day of October, 1917, the 
i:oys of the 2nd Aero sailed from Manila, arriving at San 

Francisco on Nov. 17th. Immediately they set out for Kelly 
Field, Texas, reaching the latter city five days later. Here 
u number of men were transferred and sent to new fields 
(hat were being established throughout the country, serving 
as experienced backbones in their personnel. Call Field 
al Witchita Falls. Tex., took an exceptionally heavy toll of 
ihe Squadron's experienced men. and after about a month of 
indecision on the part of Washington, the organization 
was sent to Kelly Field. No. 2. This was indeed bad news 
as the men expected to be sent overseas from Kelly No. 1, 
and knew that by this last move, they would be held here 
indefinitely. The Squadron was assigned as 
a Service Squadron, assembling JN 4 D Type 
Curtis Aeroplanes. When assembled, one of 
the crews from the organization would be 
selected to care for same and would have 
them flying 20 minutes after taking charge 
of them. A few months elapsed, and the 
men were so busy that they had little time to 
worry about their stay at Kelly Field, when 
suddenly various squadrons began to be 
ordered overseas. Immediately the men of 
the 2nd Aero wanted to take advantage of 
tliis opportunity, and began bombarding 
headquarters with requests to be transferred 
to the various outgoing squadrons. Some 
of the members were fortunate enough to 
secure their transfers, while others were 
told that it would not be long before the old 
2nd would be sailing the high seas for 
In the early part of July. 1918. certain changes were 
made in Field. The 2nd Squadron was assigned to the "Ad- 
vanced Cross Country" and "Acrobatic" stages, and at this 
point had its men relieved from all other stages. About the 
middle of July. 1918. an order came that put the 2nd Aero 
Squadron completely out of existence, stating that the name 
would tie changed to KELLY FIELD SQUADRON "A." 

To form some idea of the service which the old 2nd Aero 
has given to Kelly Field, as well as various other fields 
throughout the country it may be stated that there remain 
only six of the charter members who left San Diego, Cal.. 
to make up its organization, and eighteen men who sailed 




from Manila with the Squadron. Fifteen men from the 
fcquaclron have received commissions since war was declared 
on Germany, and about ten more of the members would 
have been commissioned had' the war lasted a short time 

The tollowing Officers have commanded the 2nd Aero 
Squadron and Squadron "A" in the order in w'hich they 
are named: 

Major Wm. Lay Patterson. Major Martin F. Scanlon. 1st 
Lieut. James C. Farie. 2nd Lieut. Willjur D. Tupper, 1st Lieut. 
John F. Mclnnes, 2nci Lieut. William C. King. 1st Lieut. 
William L. Shaffer, 1st Lieut. George M. Palmer, 1st Lieut. 
Earl McDonald. 2nd Lieut. Lewis L. IBowen. 


Master Electricians — l>rice. 1 Kuvcr. Franl<el. Abraham. 
Robinson. Clem. Serg'eants First Class — Hunt, Heber H., 
Caldwell, Cecil, Nelson, James G., Peterson, Amos, Styers, 
Bevley C, Siewert, Herman, McConville, John C. Brugler, 
Herbert, Kleinsehmidt, Nic, Lovington, Theodore T., Hud- 
son, Hawley T., Grant. Joe. Julius. Albert W. Sergeants — 
Hultgren, Edward E., Probasco, John H.. Jeffreys, Willis 
B., Frederick, Clarence W., Obenshain, George R.. Cooper. 
Cherry T.. Nolan. William K.. DeCante. Jules. Sheridan. 
William. Dunning. Milo B.. Rafferty, BYancis R., Maclnnes. 
Neil. Hewitt, Robert W., Huston, Elwyn D., Hart, Franli B. 
Corporals — Crowe, Albert W., Kilpatrick. Adam A.. Hart. 
Frank W.. Coleman, William H.. Taddeini. Frank. Brand. 
Clifford G., Kauffman, Stephen. Chauffeurs First Class — 
Andrews, John. Henriksen. Albert H.. Rowland. Edward M.. 
Hinton, Howard, Tucker, Sam. Chauffeurs — Carlson. Hild- 
ing, Cavanaugh, James V., Decker. Leon E.. Franklin, Cas- 
well G.. Hadland. Irwin. Huffman. Ray L., Madison, Mart 
W.. McWilliams. Melvin. Jones. Fred. Neesen. Robert E.. 
Schneider. Frederick. Sheldon. Robert R.. Sirran. Earl J.. 
Washbm-n. Bayard H.. Willhite. James L. Cooks — I'.utler. 
Walter J.. Comber, Albert W.. Hadley. Curtis H. Privates 
First Class — Amey, Victor, Aylward, William R. Blonigred. 
U'ulifii v., Bloy, Robert K., Bogert, Harold R., Corder, 
Jesse F., Crocker, Ivan B., Davis, John W.. Donolioe, William 

F., Fo.x, Floyd J.. Gervais. Walter D.. .Gelty. Don H.. Hill. 
James E.. Kehne, Carlton R. Privates — Abernathy. George 
J.. Alger. Lawrence R.. Baker. Rus.sell, Baker, Henry M.. 
Barrera. Miguel. Barton. Roy W.. Barta, Joe J., Beaubien, 
Walter A., Bishop, Paul H., Blubaugh, Walter E.. Bierig, 
Carl W.. Bosse, William F.. Brennon, Richard H., Bretz. 
Charles M.. Bridge, Willard E.. Briggemann, Henry F., 
Brooks, Willis, Burks, William A., Bush, George W.. 
Bullard, Loa A., Canon, Leonard E.. Carey. David J.. Car- 
penter, Phillip B., Carrier, Ralph E., Case, Edgar L., Cassel- 
berry, Vernon H., Cavins. John H.. Chapman, Cecil C, Chap- 
pell. Selh S., Chatham. James H.. Childress. Jefferson D., 
Clark. Ira G., Clark, Thomas J., Clennin. Emile F.. Clink- 
scales, Jamie T., Coates, William M., Cole. Charley B., Cole- 
man, Oscar H.. Crary. Walter L.. Deane, Alfred C. Detty, 
George W., Diers, Charles B.. Ebert, August H., Finney, 
Charles H., Gough, Harvey H., Grell, Theodore F.. Hill, 
John W., Hoff, Rulolph B., Hovden, Carl J.. Isenberg, Dave 
M.. James. John F., Johnson, John B., Kane. Eddie. Kempf. 
William A., Lane, Joseph D.. Lipscliitz, Gabriel, McGraw, 
William M. McCall, Claude A., McCarty. Claude E., Mc- 
Kenzie, Franklin B., Metcalf, Vernon. Mickelson, Jens F., 
Nagle, James R., Naylor, Joe E., Nielsen, Niels C, Nuckolls, 
Ellis v.. O'Hara, Furman T., Oler, Ralph G., Paine, Oren F.. 
Petty, Lee R.. Potts. Guy O.. Preston, Guy W., Quinton. 
Joseph A.. Radford. Charles P., Rankin, Edd S., Ray. Arthur 
.\., Roberson, Volney H., Roberts, Ashley S. J.. Rollow. 
Floyd G.. Rollow. Vernon E., Roths, Thomas F., Ruth, 
Walter H., Stenvig. Lennex S., Warner, Charles H., West- 
fall. Ralph. Wisnewski. Ignatius G. Wilson, Burton G. 


Enlisted October. 1917. Entered Ground School. Illinois 
University. December Sth. 1917. Graduated February Itith. 
191S. Arrived in Kelly Field. March 4th. 191S. Completed 
R. M. A. course May 20th. 1918. Assigned to Squadron "A" 
as Commanding Officer on November 11th. 1918. 




Composed of Sturdy and Virile Young Men, this Squadron Made Marked Strides 

Since Its Organization 


USILY from North, East, South and West they came, 
keen of eye and mentally alert, eager and willing ti; 
"do their bit," filled to overflowing with an enthii 
siasm that knew no bounds, the favorite remark overheard 
from day to day being "Let's Go!" And well they might 
voice their hearts, for as time wore on many of the old 
organization — the 115th — had been transferred to parts un- 
known. And yet be it said to their credit 
that not once during the long grind did 
the spirit that brought them to Kelly Field 
fail them. Composed of all grades of the 
average American youth, this squadron 
boasted of as varied a lot of skilled work- 
men as could be found within the confines 
of any flying field in America. It mattered 
little, whether in "kack" or denim, on parade 
or walking to and from their daily labors. 
the one thought uppermost In their minds 
was "Heads Up!" 

On hot summer days, when the sun played 
havoc with the rookies, the more burdened 
ones would be found offering words of en- 
couragement and cheer until at last the 
green men also became accustomed to the 
smile of Old Sol, and the perspiration that 
rolled from their youthful faces bothered 
them no more. Occasionally, however, wh?n 
the mail would bring tidings of the loved ones at home 
it was apparent in their faces for the moment, and a look 
of sadness would creep over their countenances, only to 
be displaced by a broad grin when some squadronite would 
happen by with the remark. "Look at the ears on him" or 
"How do you get that way?" 

Now, however, all that is changed. The war is over. 
Peace has come at last, and those brave young men who 
offered their lives that liberty might not perish have settled 
oown to await the magic word "Home." Bright, cheery 
faces respond to the stern command "Attention 1" and the 
elastic step of the right guide is quickened all the more 
by his followers, so eager are they to play out the game to 
the last call. And in future years, when gray hairs will 
have replaced those smart, military haircuts, it will be 

I. hill. A 

witli no feeling of remorse when their minds wander back 
Id the days spent in the Flyin.g Department of Kelly Field. 
The experience of life spent in tents is something to 
which any man can refer with a feeling of pride, for it 
takes more than the ordinary man can stand to face 
cheerfully all kinds of weather, to say nothing of making 
up one's own bunk with a tidiness and uniformity that 
many a dainty maid would do well to 
emulate, and nothing of the strict in- 
spections which followed each day, especial- 
ly the weekly preparation for the general 
inspection. A sigh of relief usually follow- 
ed the weekly inspections and happy was 
the man who could boast of no confinement 
or the more unwelcome K. P. as a reminder 
of carelessness. 

"Say, old boy," it was often said of one 
to another, "how about it?" "About what?" 
his comrade would retort. "Ah: come 
across: you know what I mean." And then 
the two in question would begin a discussion 
as to the proper way in which to display 
their clothes which usually lasted until the 
welcome notes of the bugle sounded "Soupee, 
soupee, soup," when all would repair to the 
mess hall to make demands on the cooks 
for a well-earned portion of "chow." But 
after Sunday's dinner came thoughts of something more 
agreeable than mere discussions, and then it was that the 
ladies came into their own judging from the loads of 
hmnan freight that boarded the various service cars to 
lown. That Squadron B was always to the fore in this 
regard was best evidenced by the number of beautiful 
young ladies who attended its Victory Ball at The Gunter 
--the first, be it said in their praise, to hold a ball in 
iionor of the boys overseas. However, when one stops to 
consider the smart-looking young men who compose this 
squadron the ladies are not blamed for the winning smiles 
that are worn in conjunction with the rosy blush that 
spells admiration, for does not Squadron B furnish the 
best in athletics, whether it be boxing, baseball, football, 
handball or any of the many games indulged in around 
the squadron quarters? 


man lU nil 



-, -<-:»'^ 


There were live wires of all sizes to represent the 
squadron whenever called upon, but when it came to ex- 
plain the reason of the many dainty packages containing 
all sorts of goodies it was only necessary to glance down 
the line at Retreat to find the answer. There was the 
Apollo of the squadron, Alonzo Curtis, who never com- 
plained about anything; Sergt. Ferry, student of the I. D 
K., Sergt. Montgomery, with his famous "Right dress"; 
Pettrucci, the dainty Beau Brummel; and Drummond and 
Layman and Weymouth and Cornell and so on down the 
tntire roster one could go without fear of finding anyone 
who could not stand inspection at a moment's notice. 
When "Squads Right" and "Squads Left" will have changed 
to "Squads East" and "Squads West" demoblization will 
bring to a close the last act of a drama in which Squadron 
B of Kelly Field played no small part. 


Angel. Bunlett A.. Armstrong. Herman. Arnsfield. Ray- 
mond S.. Barnes, Milton M.. Bauman. Henry A., Belcher. 
Chester A., Bender. Leslie C, Beville, Ray E., Bieber, Wilbert 
C, Bolin, Edson J., Bonskowski, August, Blackburn, Samuel 
S.. Bradley, Frank C. Brown, Harry D.. Brown, Leslie J.. 
Brummerhop. Harry R., Butler, Edwin S., Castagnetti, David. 
Cawley, Jolin G., Cole, Charles E., Coleman. Richard V.. lol- 
myer, Richard H. Jr., Conrad Frank., Cornell, Lewis H., Cox. 
Sibley L., Cronk. Afton E.. Crooks, Orvie W.. Curlin. Elmer J.. 
Ciirry. James B.. Curtis. Alonzo, Daigle. Treville A.. Deaver. 
Thomas M., DeWald, Daniel, Dewey, William E., Dowdy. 
Albert A., Duncan, Thomas J., Drinkard, Clarence B.. Drum- 
mond, Chester A., Edgemon, William S., Edwards. Thomas J.. 
Edwards. William, EUett, Fawn, W., Englerlh, Joseph A.. 
Estes, Millard K., Evans, Arthur T., Ferry, Francis P.. Fitz- 
iratrick. Harry J., Flake, James L.. Fletclier, Harry K.. 
Fletcher, William L., Flournay, Layton, Fowler, Sidney JM.. 
Fuchs, Otto L., Gaiman, Doyle F., Gaskill, Robert A.. Gate.-. 

Elmo D., Geandreaw, George W., George, Edward M.. Gibson. 
George R.. Ginsberg. Reuben P., Gipson, Luther M., Gohlke. 
Arnold O., Gourlay, Joseph P., Greenfield, Andy J., Gude. 
Vernon L.. Gutenberger. Ferdinand J., Hagood, Roy O.. 
Hairston. John W., Hall, James C, Hamilton, John B. E., 
Hardin. James A., Harrison, Jon E. W., Hartman. Leonard. 
Hillis. Lee M., Horton, Charles A., Iredell, Albert W.. James, 
Frank E.. Jones, Bernie B.. Jones. Charles E., Kelly, John, 
Kick, Wilbur M., King, Howard E., Kleeber, Glen. Kridler. 
Clark C, LaPerle. Joseph E.. Layman. John H.. Lindau. Paul 
J., Loewy, Arthur. Luckham, Lloyd P.. Lundy. James. Mc- 
Dermott. Arthur B.. McDermott, Clarence M., McGuire, Fred 
O., Martin, John H., Martin. Robert W.. Marx. John. Mont- 
gomery. Harry G., Moe. Sivert O., Morrison, John W.. Murphy, 
Joseph R.. Nelson. Louis. Xickerson, Glen O., Paredes, 
Clestino P.. Pendleton. James E., Peoples, Sherman, Pepiot. 
Joseph E.. Pepeney, Bernard P., Petrucci, Lawrence M.. 
Poling. Holly S.. Prowse. Ernest G., Quick, Clarence W.. 
Rliimer, William K., Riley, John E., Rinkus, Simon. Robin- 
son, Robert E.. Robinson, Walter J., Rosenkrans, Russell R.. 
Rose, William J., Sachtler. Harry H., Schell, Alfred. Schlot- 
terbeck, Issac G.. Scott. Conn L., Scott, Dewey F, Selzer, 
Jacob F., Senior, Henry R.. Siefert, Otto F., Sinamark, George. 
Slyer, Robert N., Smith, Eugene K.. Smith, Melvin R., Snow. 
Robert S.. Spangle. John, Spiers, Edward, Sprankle, Howard 
W.. Stafford, Massie G., Stahlhut, Alvin C, Steward, Ollie, 
Stidham. Claud B., Straw, Walter R., Sumner, Arthur J., 
Swalley, Earl J.. Swanson, Leslie, Tauber, Harry V., Thomp- 
son, William G., Tippy, Jesse N., Tisserand, Alphonse, Toole. 
Robert E.. Valentine. Gustaf E.. Weymouth. Leslie C, White. 
Harry O.. Williams, Floyd L., Williamson. Kai A.. Winter, 
William, Wilson, Robert M., Wilson, Thomas C. Attached to 
Squadron — Anderson, Ralph, Bain, Edward, Barton. Bradford 
T.. lUake. Noble E., Burkle, Fred J., Coffey, Lloyd, Epperson. 
Charles. Flynn, Fred C, Gleason, Thomas F.. Hayden. Franci.s 
S.. Hayes, Dallas B., Infanger, Arthur H.. Joy, Andrew W., 
Kirk, Ole G., Mager. Harry. McGraw, Anthony J., Morrow, 
Joe A., Neiswender, Raymond R., Pickens, George T.. Paxton. 
William D.. Queen, George C, Ralston, Samuel M., Thompson, 
Harry B.. Weiss. Louis. Wilson. David S.. Wood. Thomas S., 
Zumtobel. Joseph G. 



HANGED afterwards to the Flying School Detach 

merit Squadron "C." the 117th Aero Squadron was 

' organized at Kelly Field, Texas, March 18th, 191S, 

on which date there were only 17 men connected with the 
.Squadron. Although not a very impressive Squadron at 
lirst, owing to the number of men connected therewith, 
it soon took its place among the topnotchers of Kelly Field, 
due, in a large degree, to the officers under whom the men 
have been serving and the willingness of the men to make 
the Squadron rank among the best. 

On April 4th, 1918, two hundred and 

nineteen men were transferred to this com- 
mand in one day. After passing a number 
of them on to another Squadron, the en- 
listed personnel was completed. Lieut. 
Frank C. Yates was then Commanding 
Officer and served in that capacity wntil 
relieved of the command July 22, 1918, be- 
ing assigned as Commanding Officer of a 
Squadron in Kelly Field No. 1. The mem- 
bers of the command consisted of men 
adapted to the needs of a service squadron, 
the majority of the men being connected 
with the Field and Hangar Division. There 
were also a number of men who had been 
working at the Motor Kepair Shops since 
their arrival on this field. Different sec- 
tions of the E. & R. Department have had 
the services of our men since date of organi- 
zation. The Transportation Department of Field No. 2 
also had a number of our men working in it. The services 
of all these men have been appreciated, as' shown by the 
number of promotions that have rewarded their efforts 
to do all they can to make this field one of the best in the 
United States. 

On July 1st, 191S, the 117th Aero Squadron was put 
in charge of the 2nd Solo Stage, then operating Hangars 
16-17-18, At that time there were twenty ships assigned 
to that stage and under the supervision of some of the 
oldest and most experienced non-commissioned officers 
(hat have ever had to tackle a ship that organization has 
maintained one of the best stages on Kelly Field. The 2nd 

U,ut. H. S 

Solo Stage included Casson and Vandf r.'tuckcn Fields, 
Sergeant 1st Class Oscar L. Johnson, Sergeant 1st Class 
Paul R. C, Winans and Sergeant John J. Stark, trouble- 
shooters at Casson Field, have been instrumental in keep- 
ing the work at a high standard at this field. Sergeant 
Earl J. Gaffney ;ind Sergeant Louis C. Perry, who shot 
trouble at Vanderstucken Field, have always given their 
best in the work that they do, as shown by the excellent 
records of that Field, This stage now has over forty ships 
under its control. Sergeant 1st Class Kyren J. Dooley, 
stage inspector of the 2nd Solo, has had a hard task since 
becoming the stage inspector, but has always 
demonstrated his ability in handling men 
and ships in the most capable manner. This 
stage has more ships flying than any other 
stage on Kelly Field. Sergeant Rex K. 
Jenne and Sergeant Arthur H. Koeppe. 
Hangar Inspectors have assisted Sergeant 
Dooley considerably in his work. Private 
1st Class George R. Sweeney and his crew 
are one of the best on this stage, July 22, 
1918. Lieut, George N. Belser, prominent 
flyer, who had been acting as Engineer 
Officer of the squadron from July 9th, was 
made Commandin.g Officer and Lieut. Leonce 
H. Smith, another prominent flyer of Kelly 
Field, was assigned as Engineering Officer. 
Under the direction of these two officers 
and Sergeant 1st Class Charles W. Milligan, 
who had been acting as Sergeant Major 
since the date of organization, the work of 
the Squadron and Stage was carried on most diligently and 
satisfactorily. On July 22nd, the 117 Aero Squadron was 
discontinued and the personnel thereof was changed to 
Kelly Field Squadron "C." 

Lieut. Henry P. Osborne, who had been connected with 
tlie Squadron from April to November, 1918, as Adjutant, 
was then transferred to the Bureau of War Risk Insurance 
at Kelly Field No. 1. He always rendered his services to 
the Squadron in a very satisfactory manner. Lieut. S. 
Blakeley. Jr., was transferred to the Salvage Department 
in November, after carrying on the work of Supply Officer 
from April, 191S. to the satisfaction of the whole command. 




Sergeant 1ft Clais Ralph C. li\ilil was then Supply Ser- 
geant and his work in that department has always been 
or the best. Sergeant Ruhl is now "Top-Kick" and is 
liroving that a Supply Sergeant can make an excellent 
Top Sergeant. Corporal Marts, formerly a clerk in the 
Supply Office has been appointed Supply Sergeant and is 
carrying on that work very well. 

When Lieut. Belser was transferred as Assistant Offi- 
cer in Charge of Flying on October 10th, 1918. Lieut. Smith. 
Engineer Officer was made Commanding Officer. During 
his regime, he did everything he could to uphold the good 
nputation that Squadron "C" had established throughout 
the field. His work as Commanding Officer and Engineer 
Officer for the 2nd Solo Stage kept him busy at all times, 
but he demonstrated his ability as a leader of men in such 
a way as to prove himself worthy of his position. Lieut. 
Smith has always been interested in the welfare of the 
(nlisted man and does everything in his power to help them. 
On November 18. 1918, Kelly Field Squadron "C" was 
transferred to the Flying School Detachment, which com- 
prises all lettered squadrons. Sergeant Charles L. Marvin, 
who had been chief clerk of the 2nd Solo Stage since it 
was taken over by Squadron "C" was appointed Sergeant 
Major of the Flying School Detachment Squadron "C." 
He is a level headed man and a good man to be in charg"? 
of the paper work that is connected with the Squadron and 
has helped the buys to such an extent as to receive the 
appreciation of all. 

The Squadron "C" barracks have been the scene of 
many a good time, especially in the fifth ward, where, led 
by Corporal Herman Mason, and two Irish comedians, 
Sweeney and Wedlock, they have shoe battles every night 
before going to sleep. Pvt. John J. O'Shea, whose trumpet 
is very noisy at night is to be quarantined for the rest of 
his time in the Army if he doesn't put a muffler on it. 
The rest of the fellows cannot sleep when he starts. Pvt. 
1st Class Alexander A. Maktaitis has given out a notice that 
he Is going to reside in a nearby city after the war is over, 
as he has spent so many pleasant hours there. Pvt. Howard 
Baker is contemplating buying one of the army bunks to 
take home with him, as he has become so strongly attached 
lo it that it would be rather hard for him to get along with- 
fut it. Private John Welch, of the 1st Ward, has started 
a night course on how to talk in your sleep. 

Lieut. Edwin T. McCanna was transferred to the 
Squadron on November 1st, 1918. but has since been dis- 
charged. He showed himself to be a man of marked ability 
in carrying out the work of Adjutant of the organization. 
He was formerly connected with the Casual Detachment 
at Kelly Field No. 2. Lieut, Smith was relieved of the 
command of the Squadron in December and is now Adjutant 

Luut. H. L. SMITH 

of the Flying School Detachment. Lieut. Harry S. Smedley, 
a flying officer, has been appointed Commanding Officer 
and he has already made him- 
self one of the most well liked 
officers that this Squaoron has 
ever had, owing to his ability in 
handling men. For the past 
two months, he has also been 
carrying on the work as En- 
gineer Officer of the 2nd Solo 

Flying School Detachment 
Squadron "C" has always been 
interested in anything that takes 
place around the field and has 
always been up to the mark a; 
inspections. We all hope that 
when the day comes that will 
separate us from the service of 
the United States, we will carry 
throughout our lives that feeling 
of good fellowship that was instilled into us by the officers, 
whom we have been fortunate enough to have. 


Master Electrician — nePuc-. James C. Sergeants 1st Class 
— Johnson, Oscar L... Millisan. Charles W., Xacke. Albert J., 
Wiseman, Reuljen E.. I^ooley, Kyren J.. Ruhl, Ralph C, 
Winas, Paul R. C, Many, Charles B. Sergeants — Gaffney, 
Earl J., Hoxie, Summer S., Stark, John J., Daniels. Fr.ank S,, 
Jenne. Rex R.. Reavers, t^awence C. Smith, Leigh P., Koeppe, 
Arthur H.. P<-it\', f^oviis C, McAllister, John G., Marvin. 
Charles L.. l.iix"^'. Wilhi-rt W., Doolan, Fred P., Hasselback. 
Walter M. Corporals — Wilmer, Ralph R.. Miller. Joseph R., 
Harp. Ben, AncUrsoTi. Harry N.. Wedlock, John F.. Marts. .John 
R.. Mason, Herman, lluguelet, David M. Chauffeurs 1st Class 
— Kramer, William C. McCarth>-, James B.. McFarland. Oscar 
T., Pitti, Luigi, Davis, Bert, Stocksdale, Hamilton M. Cliauf- 
fears — Madsen, Sydney G., Mallory, Russell R., Lemon, Ed. S. 
S.. Pierre. Charles A., Ramsey, Guy R.. Lyles, Judson B., Kelly, 
Eugene. Schwartz, Eugene P., Lee. Rilev E., Mathis, Rudolph 
W., Yanett. Florian, Ford, Geoffrey W., Lemke, Lee M. 
Privates 1st Class — Abel, Hazen P., Beers. Cero B., Englehart, 
George W.. Ford, Robert. O.. Ilagan, Ralph E., Herbers. Martin 
J., Hutson, David H., Johnson, Walter E., Kress, Willis C. 
Maktaitis, Alexander A.. MuUins, Robert X., Swadener, John I., 
Sweeney, George R., Welsh, John M., White, William P., 
Williams, Everett R.. Wood. Michael F., Young;. Duke. Young. 
Horace A. Privates — .\pple, Alex.. Baker, Howard, Barber, 
Shearon B.. Bower, Charles H., Clark, Alex, Clock. William C.. 
Eco, Peter, Englert. .\ndrew J., Feadler. Chester H.. Flinn. 
Clvde C. Fore, Harold, Forner, Charles B., Fosseit. Pleasant, 
Frank, Carl A.. Franklin, Francis E., Frazier. Clyde M.. Fritts. 
Robert E., Fuller, Eiliuund W., Fuller. Tom W., Galliardi, Joe, 
Garber, Emmet L., (3etty, Charles W.. Ham. Luther. Hamrick, 
Ben J.. Harmon. Homer H.. Harrell. Chapman. Hatfield. Leslie. 
Heiser. John E.. Higginson. William C. Hinton. Charles S.. 
Hoeker. Cecil J.. Holland. Maurice A.. Holstein. Olive E.. Hub- 
bard. James C. Huckabee. Alf J.. Huie. Louis L.. Ingram. 
James H.. Ingram. Milton S.. Irving, John J., Jennings, George 
T.. Johnson. Willard D.. Kachbniarek. Ludwig J.. Kerby. Alex- 
ander S.. Kilgore, Dan P.. King. William J.. Kirkwood. Morris 
J., Kletecka, Emil H., Kopecky, Jerome M., Land, Lester L.. 
Lawton. Dennis .\., Leigh. George M.. McComlie. John Mc- 
llvain. Clarence L.. McKenzie. Earl M.. McXamara. Edgar A.. 
McNamara. John P.. MacKillop. William. Manely. Harold, Mau, 
Lester D.. Meinders. Arno J.. Mooney. George. Most. Guy W.. 
O'Shea. John J.. Pfanstiel. Charles. Pomerinke. Rudolph. Pyne. 
Herbert R.. Rattikin. .Andrew J.. Reilly, John W.. Repolil, 
Frederick W.. Rosselli. Olympio M.. Siegel. Barnett, Snow, 
Charles G., Street, Luther L., Swanson, Hilding O., Thompson, 
Jame.s 1!., Thomson, Sydney L., Tindeland, Knute, Toone, John 
B.. Tripp. Pearl S.. Vavricka. Joseph B.. Vincent. Roy. Weaver. 
Orville G., Webb. Willie W.. Whaley, Beecker, White. Coin J.. 
Wiley. John E.. Williams, Roy. Williamson. Harvey. Williford. 
Frank D.. Wilson. Earl L., Wilson, William G.. Witter. Emmett 
A., Y'oung. James L. 


5 'i'-i ■■ 

7„ ^,;''A'„: '?, 


Determination to do our patriotic duty caused this aggregation of splendid American manhood 

to become as one large congenial family 

IRING January. 1918. the 178th Stiuadron was organ- 
ized. This exceptional Sqiiadron was formed of a 

body of very promising young men. Every heart was 

gladdened on that day by being informed that we would 
come to Kelly Field No. 2. there to remain for a period 
of two months, equipping, training and preparing for over 
seas duty. 

The first day or two was spent in establishing the 
Squadron in the new field. The Squadron was then under 
the command of Lieut. W. A. Fredericks, who was soon 
succeeded by Lieut. W. F. Boedker and assigned to the 
Supply Department. Lieut. Litherland was assigned as 
Adjutant, being succeeded shortly by Lieut. R. M. Stover. 
Lieut. G. L. Voorhees was assigned as Mess Officer. 

To the surprise and astonishment of the entire squad- 
ron on the fourth day of its infancy, each man was given 
his machine and honored by being given the chance to try 
It on the new field which Uncle Sam had recently secured. 
But to the sorrow of the men we could not fly our machines. 
We used them instead in the preparation of the new field 
for flying. However, despite all the hard work and dis- 
couragements, it was not the spirit of the men to be at all 
slack in the discharge of their duties, and they tilled away 
at the work that had been as- 
signed to them. About one week 
was spent at this kind of work 
and then all were relieved and 
assigned to work in the various 
departments of the Flying Field. 
Great interest was shown in the 
work, as all were working for 
promotions. The morale was 
greatly strengthened by the 
squadron being moved into bar- 
racks and equipped for overseas 

By this time the affairs of the 
squadron were moving along 
smoothly. Men were becoming 
more proficient in their work, 
learning the old army game, and 
being promoted as they deserved. 




The desire and ambition of the squadron was to get across. 
In February, the personnel of the Squadron was changed 
by men being transferred to other squadrons and new men 
being transferred in. Lieut. Boedker was succeeded at this 
lime by Lieut. L. H. Kronig who performed a great work in 
improving the squadron all around and strengthening its 
morale. From time to time there have been men assigned 
to the squadron making the total number of men assigned 
to date 734. 

Every commandin.s; officer has been very an.xious to 
carry the squadron abroad and help in the conflict over 
there, but the personnel has been such that it was found 
best by the Aeronautical Directors to keep it here, owing to 
the efficiency and satisfactory work done. On July 22nd, 
the 17Sth Squadron was changed to Squadron "D" and made 
a permanent squadron on the field. Among the selections 
of the men from Kelly Field. Squadron "D" took her share 
of the honors in sending five men to S. M. A., twelve to the 
Central Officers Training School and three being commis- 
sioned direct. One thing that has contributed largely to the 

reputation of Squadron "D" is the conferences that have 

been held between the commanding officer and the non- 
commissioned officers each week, to collect ideas of in 

terest for the squadron and to 

work out a plan to best utilize 

the forces of the squadron in 

promoting the work on the field. 

for the one great purpose of 

training cadets to become avi 


Lieut. Kronig was succeeded 

by Lieut. E. \V. Kaley, R. M. A., 

a man who watched after the in 

terests of the men very closely 

and did all in his power to lift 

the standard of the Squadron 

Lieut. Raley was succeeded by 

Lieut. L. G. Devaney who was 

no less a man than the former 

in executive and administrative 


The Squadron has now been 

in existence in the Flying De- 

Lieui. C. B. SHERRY 



partment. Kelly Field, almost one year and has done its 
part there. Every man has had his shoulder to the wheel 
at all times and has tried to discharge, to the best of his 
ability, whatever duty the administration of our great army 
has ordered. The Squadron has not been lax in the social 
side of army life. One end of the Mess Hall was fitted out 
as a Recreation Room. A piano, victrola and pool table 
were installed and two large floor mats were purchased for 
the room. Several members of the Squadron made twc 
library tables and two settees and a number of folding 
chairs were purchased which completed the equipment of 
the room. Following the establishment of the Recreation 
Room, several dances were given, which met with popular 
favor, and an orchestra was formed which furnished many 
a pleasant evening's entertainment for the members of the 
Squadron and their friends. 

We are proud that the honor has been ours to be a 
member of this well recognized or.ganization in performing 
the duties that have fallen to our lot. and to have had the 
honor to serve in Kelly Field, one of the largest and best 
organized Fields in the world, and to have had a chance to 
serve in the Army of the United States, the greatest and 
most efficient in existence. 

William R., Wikle, Richard H., Yates. Warner C. Zimmerly, 
Dwight S., Zimmerman, Jesse. Privates — Anderson. Alexander, 
Bailey. Robert V'., Belts. Howard P., Biggs, George A., 
Blanchetti, Levi. J., Brady, Joe P., Braswell, John E., Buck. 
Clifford O., Bynuni, Luther E., Chaffin, Harry F., Conti. 
Joseph. Crumley, Herbert R.. Danielson. Edwin T.. Davis. 
Calvin B.. Deal, Cecil G., Deuel. Walter S., Dixon, Louis N.. 
Durham. H. C. Durham, Willard P.. Durkee, Ruel E.. Dykeman. 
George M., Earnst, Edwin P.. Engfer, John C, Fischer, John J. 
Jr., Fuller, Earl C, Higgenbotham, William D., Hudson. Mil Ion 
E.. Johnson, John S., Keeler, Roy E., Langston. Earl A., Lee, 
Henry C, Lee. Lon., Leeder, Richard, Leggett, Oscar W.. 
Leseailett, Joseph G.. Lindsay, David T., Lindsay, Tant, 
Lindstrom. Eddie A., Lindstrom, Nels J., Lines. Joseph F.. 
Litton, Edward J.. Lock, Floyd P., Lowrey, Ollie C, Lynn. 
William R., Mackel, Sylvester C, Martin. Edwin C. Magnus- 
ron. Gus B.. McClanan, Horace L.. McConn. Rex, McGuire, 
Roy L.. McLaughlin, James T., McLean, James O.. Merriman. 
Mansel M., Michaels, John E.. Miller, Charles H., Moran, John 
J.. Harry T.. Morris, Sam \\'., Myers. Elisha. Newcommer, 
James M., Nix Julius W.. Nolan, Joseph E., O'Connor, Alfred 
J., Olliver, Jud E.. Oneil, Lee O., Orril, Bertram C. Ottey. 
Walter E., Owen, Dee B., Owen, Jim B., Paggit, Joe P., Palm- 
quist. Arthur. Patterson. Robert. Patterson. Samuel L.. 
Parsons. Othe J., Patton, James R., Pease, Samuel K., 
Peter, Matin N., Polonski, Samuel, Reeves, Charles E., Safforu, 
John L.. Seng. Eugene A.. Shubrick. Albert V., Soper, Earl .1.. 
StoU, Frank S. Jr., Stolle, John E., Stubblefield. Lawton, 
Taylor. Francis L., Fslier. Joseph E., Weiler. Raymond H. 
Weslfall. Raymond V.. Williamson, Ernest G.. Toung. John K. 
Attached Privates — Pine, Charles F., Sims, Joe Frank. 



Master Electricians — Bailey, E. H. Sgrts. 1st Class — Anson 
Frank C. Cliafetz. Samuel, Flanders, Harrison K.. Goff, Grover 
C. Guthrie. Vergil A.. Lutt, Ernest C, Mcl'hail. Kennoth R.. 
VerSteegh, David T. Sergreants — Brenner, Jacob K., Connor. 
Michael. Delgrosso. Emil. Ducan. Harry G., Fair. Ford L.. 
Graham, Arthur M., Holmes, John C, Jackson. Buzz B.. Klein, 
S.amson. Lavers, Newman T.. Lawrence. Courtland, Moore, 
Glen J., McLain, Manean P, Peterson, Wallice E. Powell. 
Cliford R., Ryholt. William G.. Saur, Carl W., Sui- 
ton, John E. Corporals — Evans. Matthew, Foard, Leclercq 
P., Hammond. Samuel B.. LaFrance, Orlo N., Mc- 
Elyea. Russell M.. Moore. William E., Plasse, Elie R., Reents, 
Carl J. CliaaffeurB 1st Class — Brasher, Malcolm H., Burke, 
Vincent G., Kuechel, Edwin P., Morse, William L.. Tallerico. 
Frank, I'dstad. Einer A.. Wagner, John H. Chauffeurs — Ash- 
well, Leslie L., Bond, Joseph N.. Clarke. Merle L., Fugg, Ernest 
L., Foley, John F., Geis, Walter A., Kreutzer, Clement J., Mc- 
Bride, William W., Mountford. John E.. Norwalk, Gilbert S.. 
Plante, Arthur E.. Salisbury, Elmer R. Cooks — .\shal.ran. Voyle 
L., Carter, John L., James, Enoch. Privates 1st Class — Bab- 
cock, Henry E., Downey. James F.. Farrar. i_;utlni.- .1., Komm, 
Emil F., Nidle, John A., Gehrig. Joseph H., Queen, Louis 
Sitman, Harry D., Swift, Dan C Taylor, Carl A., Turner, Zeb 
v., Weiss, Maurice E., Whitefield, Harrold F., Whitney. 

Wallis .\. Fredericks 2nd Lieut. R. C. A. S. was assigned 
as Commanding Officer January S. 191S. Here he remained till 
March 20th. being then assigned to 115 Aero Squadron. 

Rowland M. Stover 2nd Lieut. R. C. A. S. assigned to ITS 
Aero Sqdn. on January 14th, 191S, as Adjutant. Relieved from 
ITS March 20. 191S. 

Glen L. Vooehees 2nd Lieut. S. C. A. S. was assigned to 
ITS Sqdn. January 14, 1918, as Mess Officer. Relieved Feb- 
ruary 16, 191S. 

Glen L. Voorhees 2nd Lieut. S. C. A. S. was assigned to 
Aero Sqdn. January 11, 191S. Relieved May 23, 191S. 

Lambert J. Ott 2nd Lieut. R. C, A. S. Assigned to ITS 
Sqdn. on April 1, 191S, as .\djutant. Relieved June 6, 191S. 

Benjamin C. Young 2nd Lieut. R. C, A. S. Assigned to ITS 
Sqdn. March 21. 191S, as Supplv Officer. Relieved April IT. 

Louis H. Kronig 1st Lieut. A. S., R. C. Assigned to ITS 
Aero Sqdn. May 23, 191S, as Commanding Officer. Relieved 
July 10, 191S, for over seas duty. 

William H. Cline 2nd Lieut. R. C. A. S. Assigned to ITS 
Sqdn. June 12, 191S, as Adjutant. Relieved September 2nd. 

Edward W. Raley 1st Lieut. A. S., S. C. Assigned as 
Commanding Officer July 9, 191S. 

Leo G. Devanev 2nd Lieut. A. S., S. C. Assigned to ITS 
Sqdn. July 9, 191 S, as Engineer Officer. 



Exceeding the speed limit in achievements 

N TERING military life at Kelly Field together on 
Uecember 14. 1917. in one tent line of the Old First 

Training Brigade, we were given the incorporate 

title of the 180th Aero Squadron. And when the first 
reveille was sounded by the squadron bugler, and the first 
roll was called, there were very few of us who were not 
si ill having rather pleasant and not too distant recollections 
of the time when we were wearing clothing other than 
0. b. G. I., and when we held jobs that we could quit when 
we wished. We were an organization of rookies, just 
as all soldiers are at the beginning of their career. We 
were not only rookies, but green ones, for a soldier is a 
green rookie as long as he sings at odd moments, either 
to himself or to his companions, that little ditty that 
some four million of us have sung, at some time or other 
during the past two years: 

"You are in the army now, 
And not behind the plow, etc." 

The Kelly Field Personnel machine was at that time 
turning out Aero Squadrons at a rate that might well have 
alarmed our Imperial enemy. As a rule these squadrons 
were hastily, though efficiently organized, and prepared 
for immediate transportation overseas, the units receiv- 
ing even their preliminary training there. Of course it 
was the ambition of each of us to get over at once, and 
for a while, it looked as if our ambitions might be realized. 
Lieutenant Art V. Wortman was our Squadron Commander. 
He was as eager as any of us to leave old Kelly Field, 
and get across, and surely did his best to have cur name in 
scribed on the priority list. 

Our spirits were as high as could be expected, when it 
was considered that the straw' for our beds was as yet only 
a promise, and our cooks had trade tested as clerks, 
blacksmiths and all else but cooks. However, to tell how 
we happened to have such a conglomerate culinary depart- 
ment would hardly be betraying any military secrets, 
especially if told at this late date. Last December, we were 
really just getting our sleeves rolled up to fight, and Gen- 
eral Crowder had not as yet completed for publication his 
later famous "Work or Fight" order. As a result some 
of the aero squadrons organized at Kelly Field, and prob- 

ably at other fields, were for a while without those most 
necessary members, cooks, and as a consequence, at meal 
time were S. O. L. (Sure out of luck). (Inserted for the 
information of the censor). 

Our morale, as the "Y" man would say, was weather- 
ing all this just fine, though, and we would have come 
through entirely unscathed, had not orders then come 
thru for us to move to Kelly 2, as it was then called. 
.Moving to Kelly 2, when the departure station was at 
Kelly 1, was a pill that no erstwhile denizen of the First 
Training Brigade could swallow without a grimace, as 
the transfer undoubtedly meant, or we at least thought 
it did. for the duration of the war. 

That was our Christmas present. We completed our 
removal to the Flying Department on December 24th. It 
was rare luck that we got a Christmas dinner at all the 
next day, as we had not yet been issued provisions, and 
for the time .we were sponging on our neighbors. Mess 
Sergeant Walker was equal to it. however, and made a 
night expedition to our former habitat, obtaining the neces- 
sary ration of "bird." 

After that we settled down. William Lever and Lester 
M. Strong were appointed Sergeant Major and 1st Sergeant 
respectively. Sergeant Roland 0. Toevs was in the supply 
department, and saw to it most diligently, as all goo.-; 

THE ONt Dt^EflM SINCE NOV. II ti? ,y,8 



supply sergeants are supposed to do, that we got our 
extra blankets and woolen clothes just before Easter. This 
is not a reproach to Toevs at all. because he was following 
what has since been discovered the traditional duty of 
supply sergeants. 

It was February 28th, 191S, that Lieutenant Wortman 
left us to take charge of trade test work at Kelly No. 1. 
Lieutenant W. S. Crow, from "some wheah in Mississippi" 
succeeding him.. Sergeant E. A. Johnson was appointed 
h-crgeant Major, and remained as such in the organization 
until the latter part of April, when he left with Lieut. Crow 
and the 239th Aero Squadron. 

It was July 22nd that we received orders that we were 
no longer the 180th Aero Squadron, but were henceforth to 
be known as the Kelly Field Squadron "B." which name 
we have tried to bear with honor to the present date, and 
will until tne demobilization comes. 

Squadron "E" has been well represented in both the 
social and athletic activities of the Post. The squadron 
hop, given at Turner Hall, on April 1.5th, will never be 
forgotten by such as attended. The cozy and homelike 
recreation room, which was fitted and furnished by the 
members of the squadron, has seen many a jolly party. 

But our reminiscences over athletic and other feats 
must accommodate themselves to our alloted space In this 
volume. Our existence as a unit in the Army Air Service 
will soon be a thing of the past. The knowledge that 
our squadron and the efforts of its members have been 
small but necessary parts in the military machine that has 
so successfully decided the war, is our greatest reward, 
and we could ask for none better. 


Master Electricians — Eno.s, Charlos .\. Sergr^ants 1st Class 
— Blakeman, Durham H.. Chatelain. Arthur H., DaviiKson. 
Frank. Doble, Cecil O., Fi-etwell. Donald, Fricke. Henry C. 
Cardncr. George W., Head, Cashan P., Knight. Harold L., 
haytun, Peter N., Leon, Leo G.. Murray. Halbert E., Pelke. 
I'liestfi- .\.. Saper, Frank N., Shay, Walter W.. Schuck, Glen;i 
W. Serg'eants — August, Harvey R., Bosek, Josepli F.. Rlock- 
witz, I'ranU A., Bray, William H., Buchanan, James O., Catlett, 

Clarence N.. Denman, Bert G., Graybill, Clarence P., Holm, 
.Vlfred, Livingston. George W., McClung, Albert E., McGer. 
.'oseph W.. Musgrave. Merrill N., Larkin, William P., Royer. 
Russell E., Schaaf, Joseph P., Van Dyne. William A., Walker, 
Jesse C, Wilkinson, T. Corporals — Bryan, Paul N., Hanson, 
Harry, Helme, John J.. Kirkpatrick, Franke E.. Miller. Paul 
E.. North. Sidney L., Reynolds, Harlan B., Tharp, Clifford E.. 
Cliauffeurs 1st Class — Grow, Jesse D., Huffman, Arthur W.. 
S'ttains. Ralph T., Sticelber. Paul K., Whitson, Cyrille R. 
Cliauffeurs — .411en. Richard W., Batchelder. John A., Beale. 
Charles B.. Carsten, Henry G.. Davis, Arthur, Hayden, Stephen 
F.. Isaacson, Howard. .lunek, Frank Jr., Lillard, Joel T., 
Lucas. Earl H., Mitchell, James H., Nielsen, Lars C, Olsen, 
Kern M., Pels, Harry, Stukas. Earl M., Verhulst, Jules. White, 
Frank S. Cooks — Miller. Ben, Musser, Frank E., Patrissl, 
Pasciuale. Privates 1st Class — Butler. Ivan R.. Clark, Michael 
A., Clayton, Leroy .\I.. CJither. Richard L.. Garnick, Ray I., 
Gephard, Elmer. -Marquis. Lyle. Miller, Jesse E.. Neville. 
William G.. Xolte. Lee H.. Soldwedel, John C, Tarbrough, 
Landon B. Privates — .Vrel. Glenn R.. Aultz. Lemuel L., Baird, 
Frank, Bart. Joe L., Berry, William E., Hoyden, Clifton D., 
Bracewell, Charles E., Bronstad, Clarence S.. Burgess. Willie 
R., Butler. Wilfred R.. Clark, Virgil L.. Eby, Harry D., Ed- 
wards. Edward H., Eilers, Bernard F., Eisler, Fted, EUiotl. 
Chester B., Elliott, Uel C, Emel, Arthur C, Epperson, James 
E., Erger, George J.. Erickson. Charles C, Ericson. Westley. 
Fancher. Thomas. Facklam, John F., Fiske, Eben W., Hallock. 
Charles C. Hardie. William G., Hodges. George R., Jackson, 
Sylvester G., Kinley, Daniel S., Koch, Frederick J. Jr., 
Laughlin. Charles H.. Loggins, Jim W., Lust. Joseph. Mc- 
Comas, Charles L., McDonald. Albert J.. McFaul. Harry J.. 
Mall, William H.. Mallard. William B., Moody. Irvan A.. 
Muxworthy. Ferris T.. Neusesser. Walter C. Prater. Zeaddi- 
V., Primeau. Theodore R., Quarles, Willie L.. Ramsey. John 
F., Ream, Harold. Reed, Brice, Reinhard, Arthur J., Renick, 
.larrett C. Rice, John L., Riggs, Arthur, Roberts. Henry H.. 
Rogers, John M., Roice, Charles D., Rothermel, Carl M.. 
Russell. Robert E., Ryan. Pat, Rystad. George E.. Sarenac. 
Vaso, Schuelke. Gus O., Scott. Russell O., Shelburne, Sam A., 
Shipman. Stephen P., Sinard, Sidney M., Skow, Henry C. 
Smith. Sam L.. Stallings, Samuel F., Stockton. Wallie E.. 
Sugarek, Lydumil E.. Swann, Joe M., Tarrillion, Henry G.. 
Taylor. Shirley G.. Taylor. Tom E., Trimble, Charlie, Turner, 
Guy, Vigil, Victoriano M.. Visintine, Thomas L., Vordenbaum, 
.lohn H., Wagenfuhr. Emil F., Wagner. Loyd E., Wagner, 
Lisle O., Walker. Leland H., Wallace, Jesse, Webb. Hugh C, 
Wehrman, Joe M., Westberg, John 1... White. Richard I.. 
Wilsmann, Edwin W.. Woodall, Wylle H.. Woodring. Britton 
L.. Woolle.y, Gurdan H. 



Ours a call and a challenjic to the spirit of adventure of >()ung Americans. A chance for 
patriotic service in the greatest struggle humanity ever knew 

;A.NKLV. the lii!-:l(;r.v of a sqiuulioii at Kelly Fiel'I 
liuring the coiiiFe of the World War must becom* 

' a record of dates and changes, for the transfers of 

officers and men are continuous. However, in every 
organization there is a tie of human interest running 
throu,2;h its entire life which must come to mean somethin.g 
in the life and experience of those who pass through 
il and those who pause again to read its record. 

It was a hot Texas day that first brought into being 
(he present organization "Squadron F." The morning 
of April 15. 1918, witnessed orders to the various Trade 
Lines of Kelly Field. 1st Training Brigade for men to 
comprise a service squadron. Hour after hour men 
gathered in under the big canvas in front of the organi- 
zation office and here we caught the first glimpse and 
first impressions of those who were to be our comrades in 
the great part we were to play in "getting the Kaiser." 
There was at once apparent that kindred spirit which 
cames to all groups united for common and high pur- 

Speculation was running high as to just when we 
would leave Kelly Field, just when w'e would sail — some 
even prophesied the particular sector in France w-e would 
operate en. Withal it was a joyous assembly and the long 

liours of waiting were not 
noticed, for at last, after months 
of K. P. and pick and shovel, 
we were assigned to a squadron, 
and would soon be at our special 
work in making a record that 
could not be beaten. Just be- 
lort noon we were given our 
fiesignation by the organization 
sergeant as follows: "This is 
the 235th Aero Service Squad- 
ron to be ordered out im- 
mediately; stick around close!" 
.Vnd at the retreat formation, 
the Commanding Officer first 
appeared, 1st Lieut. Alva W. 
Line 17 was our homo for 

l.ieui. F. O. CARROLL, 


eighteen days — days filled with 

.'.iany formations and much "signing up." Clothing and 
all other overseas equipment were supplied. The organi- 
7ation was rapidly rounded into shape and we were living 
in tense anticipation for orders which would tell the next 
move. On May 1st the orders came, but contrary to hope 
and speculation they were not for immediate shipment 
across seas, but rather across the fence to the Flying 
Department. This brought dismay. However, the move 
was reasoned out to mean that we were to receive the first 
part of our training here, which would insure a preferred 
place on the front when we did get "over there." With 
renewed hopes the men cheerfully went at the task of 
moving, and pitched tents in Kelly No. 2 on the straight 
road from the guard line and nearly opposite Hangar No. 
S. This is the present location of the squadron. Most of 
the men were assigned at once to the Field and Hangar 
Division, and the new work directly with the ships and 
fljing was interesting and important. 

On June 6th the order came for the transfer of 235th 
.\ero Squadron back to the 2nd Training Brigade, Kelly 
iNo. 1. for purpose of reconstruction. Surely our chance 
had come at last! About 40 men were transferred out, in 
most cases to be attached to the overseas detachment there 
about to sail. Lieut, G. B. Wallace had now joined us as 
Supply Officer and Lieut. Little- 
john was assigned as Adjutant. 
Sergeant Harold W. Hackett. 
formerly of the 243rd Aero 
Squadron was assigned as Sup 
ply Sergeant and with the as- 
sistance of Sergeant Charles A. 
Aaron brought the squadron sup 
ply department up to its present 
standard of efficiency. After 
ten days of waiting instructions 
with our depleted ranks we were 
ordered back to Kelly No. 2 and 
into the same line formerly oc 
cupied, which had been torn up 
and storm wrecked during the 
time we had been away. This 
seemed surely the irony of fate. 
July 1st brought some import- 

l.uul. OTIS 

i>;5K'-Tsa:v— Ti^ 




ant changes. Forty new men were transferred into the 
organization and under the new system of operation the 
235th Aero Squadro was charged with the worlt on Primary 
Solo Stages A and B. There were twenty ships on these 
stages and they were cared for in Hangars 
13, 14 and 15. A Flying Officer. Lieut. H. 
S. Kenyon was now assigned as Command- 
ing Officer. Lieut. Beckett became Adjutant 
and Lieut. Littlejohn was relieved. Lieut. 
H. L. Kindred being assigned as Engineer 
Officer at this time. The new men assigned 
were some of the oldest and best men in 
the field. After all this seemed an advance 
in training for we now had a definite task 
as a Squadron. 

After three months as 235th Aero Squad- 
ron our designation was changed to Kelly 
Field Squadron "F." This was the day of 
lowering spirits, both for the loss of our 
old name and for what the prosaic letter 
"F" seemed to portend. Rumor would have 
it that we were permanent on the field. 
True it is that men united in common pur- 
poses cling to common possessions, and so 
v.e regretted to see the old 235th Aero Squadron "go." It 
t'lOk some time to acquaint and reconcile ourselves to the 
new name, but "what's in a name?" and soon with records 
changed and adjustments made, things were normal again. 
In athletics the squadron was represented by a good 
baseball team and the volley ball court and basket ball 
court at the end of the squadron street have only waited 
competition from other squadrons. A big feast on Thanks- 
giving Day which was the triumph of Sergeant Tuveson 
made the men quite forget that they were not at home in 
point of good things to eat. The outside mess hall was 
fittingly decorated and the meals served in courses. The 
Christmas banquet at Mess Hall 54 was a happy occasion 
for those remaining in camp. The music and activities of 

Lieu/. A. H. CHALK 

the "colored band" on that occasion contributed much to a 
Merry Christmas. Gifts were presented to all the men and 
visitors. The New Year Dinner-Dance at the Gunter Hotel. 
San Antonio, showed the squadron at its best. It will ever 
be a memorable occasion. 

With the transfer of all lettered squadrons 
on the field into the Flying School Detach- 
ment. November 18th, 1918, we lost the 
primacy of independence and the title words 
"Kelly Field" became a sub-division with 
Major Jacobs as Commanding Officer of the 
detachment. Lieut. Carroll still commanding 
the squadron. At this time the squadron's 
strength was increased by transfers from 
the 322nd and 212th Aero Squadrons from 
150 to 172 men. Lieut. Cogan received his 
honorable discharge December 28th and 
Lieut. T. F. Otis became the Adjutant. 

At all times we have had men engaged in 
nearly all the departments of the Flying 
Department, the greater number being in the 
Field and Hangar Division. After the adop- 
tion of the Gosport System the men of 
Squadron "F" were employed on Flight 
No. 3. M.S.E. Emmet Wood being the Flight Sergeant. 
Seven of our men are taking Flying instructions and doing 
solo work. Ten of the non-commissioned officers have the 
rating of Aviation Mechanician. 

Such is a brief record of the work and play of Squad- 
ron "F" during the ten months of its life. It is not a 
spectacular or thrilling story. Rather is it a record of 
the service of young Americans who have learned the 
lesson that whether here or "over there" the paramount 
duty of a soldier is to obey. They were given a task, and 
did it well! 


Master Electricians — Bedony, Edward. Blevins. Hurbert 
T., Hansen. .Mfred F.. McCoig, Albert W.. Wood. 
Emmett. Sergeants 1st Class — Harris. Harold M., Holtznian, 
.Vlbert H.. Jacobs. Edward A., Xies. William B. SerffeantB-^ 
.\aron, Charles A., Alexander. Dale E.. Bramni»-r. tiiin I... 
Canty, Blase M.. Carroll, Lavert M., Cloud. Calvin C. CooUy, 
Joseph J., Hackett. Harold W.. Hagestad. James M.. Huls. 
Mallroy S., Huxtable, Emery J., McSorley, William J.. Ohle- 
niacher, Wilmer, Owings, Floyd T., Phillips, Orlin E., Shaver. 
North C, Stevens, Charles A., Tuveson, Xels L.. Wise. William 
L.., Wylie, Louis S.. Teazell, David W. Corporals — Curry, 
William J., Darney, Stanely, Erickson, Charl.s H.. Erickson. 
1 rcMierick R., Jones, Harry, Wiseman. Arthur. Chauffeurs 
1st Class — Campbell, John G., Johnson, Louis F., Lansredt r, 
Elmer H., Peterson, Carl W. Chauffeurs — Bird. Adriel t'.. 
Goldberg, Alexander, Hauber, Anthony C, Hedgecock, Holden 
R.. Hyatt, Russell S., Linhardt, John J., Maraldo. Samuel, 

Ochsnor. Richard W.. Umbarger, John M., Wood, Louis M. 
Cooks — Mailz.>eff. Marderos. Rector. Walter A., Riva, Silvio A. 
Privates 1st Class — Ackernian, Eli., Hawker, Gordon E.. Jenni- 
soTi. Haruhl S.. Mosier, Arlett G., Palle. Joseph, Ryan. Albert 
J.. Silver. Barnctt L., Smart. Charles S.. Weimerskireh. Lt^ 
I". Privates — Alessandro. Borella. .\shley, Charles D., Baker, 
William E.. Barkely, Noah F., Bishman George E., Borden, 
John. Boston, Donald D., Brown, Clarence W.. Butler, Clifford 
W.. Campbell, Harvey. Cameron. Jack M., Chenoweth, Howard 
C, Clapp, Monford, Clark, Sidney B.. Clark, Verne, Cone, 
Hamilton, Cone, Jesse D., Cookus, John T., Copeland. Latt B., 
Coutret. Alois, Cox, Millard N., Crocker, Robert B., Cromwell, 
Wcrthington, Daugherty, William A., Davis, Henry L. B., 
LeLude, Phillip L., Devlin, Thomas P.. Dillingham, Harry C, 
Dolan, Charles H.. Eiben, Kenneth G.. Evans. Aaron, Evans, 
Bruce S., Evans. Dudley T.. Foley, Michael J., Ford, Robert J.. 
Foust, Ernest E., Goodale, Frank. Grady, Calvin C, Griggs, 



Maynard E., Grimes, Payton P., Gui. Harry L., Hess. Robert 
\V., Jeglum. Reuben L., Johnson, Cliarles B., .Johnson. Victor 
R., Jones, George H., Jones, Udell L., Jopling, Carl A., Kelley, 
Charles !•'., Kioebge. Harry F., Kosliir, Jacob, Krallman, 
Clarence A., Kroell, Rudolph, Kull, Arvid L., Lafferty, John 
K, Larson, Ernest J., Lennen, Frank M.. I^ucas, John J., 
Luchcsi, Francis J.. Ludolph, August F., McCaw, Allan H., 
McDonald, Lewis C, McNaughton, Thomas J., McNeill. John 
v.. MaclJonald, Robert H., Major, Robert H., Manning, William 
1., Mauk, William C, Maxwell, Elmer C. Miller. George W., 
Minogue. Joseph J., Nelson, Francis J., Neville. George, New- 
man, Jay L., Nile, Errett. Noel. Jake P.. Nofsinger. William. 
Nordciuist, George W.. Nutsch. Albett P., Oakes. Harry F,,. 
Ostlind. .lohn A., Ott, George W., Pearson, Ora D.. Pennington. 
Clarence A., Popkins, Albert R., Porter, William O., Pounds, 
Aubrey O., Proper. Ralph, Pruess, John A., Quackonbush, 
Alexander, Quackenbush. David, Quinette. Arthur H., Quinten. 
Peter J,, Redding, Raymond R., Reed. Ulmer G., Reese, David 
C, Reynolds. John H., Rooks, Lcroy C, Rourke, Lawrence F. 
Schilling, Phillip, Stiles. George A., Thorpe, Den/.yl, Tillery, 
Allen J., VanGundy. Ray L.. Waldron, Thomas E., Warnock. 
Glenn B., Welsh, Leo J., Williams. Wilbur H., Young, 
George A. 


First Lieut. Franklin O. Carroll — Commanding Officer 
entered ITniversity of Illinois September. 1912. Cadet in 
Infantry and Artillery first tw'o years there. May, 191j, 

enlisted in Troop B 1st Illinois Cavalry, National Guards 
and following >'ear five months service on Mexican Hordei'. 
On May Sth, TUT. eiitt-reil Isl Officers Training Canip at 
I' t. Sheridan, 111. July '22. liilT, was transferred on ile- 
tached service to the Ground School at Urbana, III. August 
loth, 1917, discharged from First Officers Training Camp 
and on same day enlisted in the Air Service. Signnl U. C. 
Graduated from Ground School September S, 1017. ^iiul on 
September 24th reporto'd to Kelly Field for flying inslruclion. 
Comi)Ieted the R. M. A. course at Kelly Field December 22. 
1917. Commissioned a 1st Lieut, in the A. S. Sig. R. C. 
January 21th, 191S. On October 10th assigned as command- 
ing officer Flying School Detachment, Squadron F of Kelly 

Second Lieut. Albert H. Chalk. Supply aiul Mess Officer, 
entered Officers Training Canip at Leon Springs. Texas. 
August 24, 1917. commissioned as 2nd Lieut. A. S. S. C. Nov. 
27, 1917. September 1, 1918, returned to Kelly Field and 
assigned to Flying School Detacliment, Squadron F. 

Second Lieut. Thomas F. Otis. Adjutant. Company 
I r>Gth Infantry Iowa National 1910-1913, Served in 
Signal Corps May, 1917 to September, 1917. Enlisted 
September 24th, 1917, at Columbus. Ohio, completed course 
of S. M. A. December 15, 1917. Belying instruction at Love 
Field Dallas, Texas. Called to active service as 2nd Lieut. 
Sig. R. C. A. S. April 20. 1918 (R. M. A. test April 12, 1918). 
Reported to Kelly Field. June 27. 1918, for special instruction. 
Assigned to Stjuadron F. as Adjutant — present service. 


IVl.Ni; in this manner the brief history of Kelly Field 

S(iiiadron "(!." the writer endeavors to show the 

manner in which our days were spent in Kelly 

Field. We trust Ihat in years to come it will be a source 

of pleasant recollection to such sijuadron-mates as read it 

end recall familiar faces and incidents. 

On a typical Texas morning, April 20, 1918, 150 men 
were assembled at Division Headquarters from the dif- 
ferent sections of the First Training Brigade to form what 
was thereafter to be known as the 243rd Aero Squadron. 
Lietit. L. L. Perrault, who had been assigned as Com- 
manding Officer, took charge of the newly formed squadron 
and with the assistance of Lieut. Frank M. Fretwell, 
Supply Officer marched us to the 2nd Training Brigade. 
Here we were ordered to Lines 50 and 52 and after being 
assigned to tents, given the necessary equipment to as- 
sure comfort for the night. After a hastily prepared meal, 
a general policin.g was ordered and the lines rapidly as- 
sumed the appearance of an old organization. 

As a foundation for an efficient organization, tlie fnl 
lowing appointments were made: Sgt. 1st Class Hammon. 
"Top": Sgt. Hnlgren, Sgt.-Major: Sgt. 1st Class Lusby, 
Duty Sergeant: Sgt. Nangle, Supply Sergeant; Sgt. 
Urskine. Drill Sergeant and Sergt Roth. Mess Sergeant. 
Under the guidance of these men, the squadron soon gave 
the impression of being an organization of Regulars. Over- 
seas equipment was hastily issued and rumors were rife 
concerning our early departure for an Embarkation Port. 
These rumors, however, were quickly dispelled, for on May 
22nd we were ordered to Kelly No. 2 for training. Although 
our hope of an early departure from the Land of Dust and 
Cactus had been given a severe jolt, we still had hopes of 
realizing our ambition of "Immediate Service in France." 

While thoughts of Overseas Service were still strong 
in our minds, a Squadron P'und was inaugurated which was 
liberally subscribed to by all members of the squadron. A 
liandsome silk "Old Glory" and a squadron guidon were 



Lieut. F. M 

luirchased which was to be used on our contemplated 
march down "Unter den Linden" with General Pershing 

On May 13, Lieut. Ellis G. Smith was assigned as 
Supply Officer and instantly won his way to the hearts of 
all. Lieut. Fretwell was then made Ad- 
jutant. On May 17th, a day which will be 
forever remembered by the members of this 
squadron the hopes of the squadron were 
blasted by nn order placing us on guard. 
During three long, restless months, we 
"walked our post in a military manner, 
keeping always on the alert" for the day 
when we would be relieved and once more 
resume the pleasanter tasks of Special Duty. 
'Twas then we came to the full realization 
of guard duty through a Texas summer. 

Lieut. Perrault, our commanding officer, 
was ordered to report for duty elsewhere. 
Lieut. Fretwell then assumed command, ably 
assisted by Lieut. Smith. On July 22nd, 
the Squadron designation was changed from 
the 243rd Aero Squadron to Kelly Field 
Squadron "G." 

After 82 days of gruelling guard duty, 
we were relieved and the event was fittingly celebrated by 
a squadron picnic at New Braunfels, 35 miles north of 
San Antonio. As Government trucks were not permitted 
to go more than twelve miles from camp on picnics, ar- 
rangements were made with a local carrier for trucks to 
transport the over-joyed soldiers to their destination. 
Arriving at Landa Park at 5 P. M._ a rush was made for 
the swimming pool, while others occupied all the avail- 
able telephone booths and sought out dancing partners for 
the day. The evening was spent in diversified entertain- 
ment and needless to say. was enjoyed by all. Some pre- 
ferred hotels or bungalows in which to spend the night, 
rather than the park, there to be caressed by the affection- 
ate mosquitoes. 

The following day. a baseball team was organized 
which met the strong Squadron "H" team at the New 
Braunfels Ball Park. "G" winning by a wide margin. 
This impromptu team was later reorganized and repre- 
sented Squadron "G" in all the games of the Flying De- 
partment Leage of which we were a member, tying another 
squadron for the championship, under the mana.sement of 
Corporal Walters. 

After spending an exceedingly enjoyable day, we de- 



parted for Kelly Field arriving at 11 P. M. All agreed 
10 make the picnic a monthly affair. The following month 
saw us again at New Braunfels, this time to stay two days, 
over Labor Day. Too much cannot be said of the hos- 
pitality of the people of New Braunfels who made such 
keen enjoyment of these picnics possible. 
The acquaintances we formed while on these 
picnics will always remain dear to our 
memory. The cool weather, however, soon 
compelled us to abondon our trips to New 
Braunfels on monthly picnics. 

On September 5th, Sergeant 1st Clas.s 
Hamilton was transferred to the Central 
Officers Training Camp at Waco Texas. 
The loss of our "Top" was a loss inueed but 
we realized what it meant to him and the 
best wishes of the squadron went with 

Lieut. T. J. Capron was assigned to the 
squadron as Supply Officer on October 25th, 
filling the vacancy left by Lieut. Smith who 
was ordered away. On the eve of his de- 
parture, a banquet was given in his honor 
by the members of the squadron. On No- 
vember 20th, Lieut. Fretwell was relieved 
of the command of the squadron to devote his whole time 
lo !-ecuring flying instruction. On the same date. Lieut. 
Frank M. Paul was assigned as commanding officer, and, 
l^y ms practical qualities and sincerity, has won the ad- 
miration and loyal support of all. Lieuts. Henry B. 
Poindexter and Joseph R. Wilkinson, both competent 
wanderers of the air, were assigned to the squadron on 
December 4th as Mess and Supply Officers, respectively. 
Lieut. Capron was discharged from the service on Decem- 
ber 28th to resume his business in Wayland, N. Y. 

Thanksgiving Day was observed in the good old- 
fashioned way with Turkey and all the "fixins. ' Mess 
Sergeant Roth and his staff of competent cooks established 
a reputation for themselves by preparing a bounteous 
spread. Appropriate Menus were prepared which in- 
cluded a roster of all Officers and men of the Squadron 
and were distributea to all. 

Christmas was a real holiday for most of the men as 
75% of the enlisted strength of all organizations were 
granted from five to ten day furloughs, thus allowing most 
10 reach their homes. Those whose homes were too far 
away to reach in the allotted time were amply taken care 



cf by Mess Sergeant Robinson as far as the Christmas 
liinner was concerned. But as a substitute for Home — it 
can't be done! 

The influenza confined us to camp for six weeks aflei 
the 2nd of October. Many of the 
men contracted the disease and 
were placed in the Hospital. It 
is with deep regret that we 
mention here the loss of two of 
our fellow-soldiers: Cook Her- 
man Tobola and Private Russell 
H. Eyre, both having contracted 
pneumonia following infliicnzii. 
They were with the squadron 
since its organization and as the 
Squadron is as one large family, 
their loss assumes the propor 
tions of the loss of brother to 
each and every one of us. 

On December 7th. we left tne 
old line of tents which we had 

occupied for the last eight AiVu^.J. A. WILKINSON 
months and moved to the bar-S 
racks formerly occupied by the 

84th Aero Squadron. Although the advantages are many, 
nevertheless we miss the free and open life of the tents. 

There are many incidents and phrases characteristic 
of Squadron "G" which could be mentioned here but they 
are too numerous to state and too well known to be for- 
gotten. Then. too. "Ho-o-o. Hum!" the authors are about 
' pooched out." 

We now anxiously await the order for our demobiliza- 
tion when we will bid each other farewell and return to our 
happy homes and climb into our "Civies." The frienoships 
we have made while members of the "Texas Expeditionary 
Forces" will never be forgotten and our minds will often 
revert to the days spent in Kelly Field with the 243rd Aero 
Squadron, now known as Squadron "G." 


Serg-eants 1st Class — Kieler. William J.. Lusby. Gordon 
A. Serg-eants — liowslier. Lancilot J., Erskiiie. Frank, Hall. 
Kduin I,.. HissoiiK, Harry. HolKren, Cliffonl G., Larkin, 
William U.. .McGiiigan, Patrick, Nuf/. Ralph T., Parker, Henry 
D., Pringle, Glen A., Keith. .I..I111 .^.. IL<iliinson, Leslie S., 
Schrack, Walter B. Chauffeurs Ist Class — .A^llen, Rees R.. 
L,amb, Thomas W. Chauffeurs — .Mt.ek, Herman C. D., Bolton, 
Newton H.. Borst, Frank J.. Iiunn. Orlando R., Easly, Francis 
E., Hails, Roy M.. Kunz. William J., Rogers, Frederick L., 
Schaumloeffel, Arthur C, Taylor, Lloyd G., Williams, Curtis. 
Corporals — Ackerman, George F„ Bowman, Hubert J., Brophy, 

Tliomas E., Cox, Henry H., Diekhute. Lavergne W., Kniep- 
kamp, Erwln H., Needham, Jack K. Pitman, June S., Walters, 
lieonard S. Cooks — Gerlach, George, Keefer, Dale M., Prada, 
Mario. Privates 1st Class — Hoyco, Daniel F., Buckles, 
Homer F., Campbell. Robert C, 
I livers, Stanley H., Boten, Roy W.. 
Ilersh, Paul E,. Johnson, John T., 
I.everscdge, Frank, McDonald, 
.liihn A., McWaide, I''rank A., Mel- 
linger, Charles H., Morao, Fidel, 
l'.i..\ton, Edward E., Rodengen, 
I'Mvin O., Schjaastad, Theodore, 
."^(■hlant, Norman S., Stockman, 
William J., Stoneburncr. Joe., 
Swerak, Carl, Woodward, Erwin 
C. Woodworth, Everett R. Pri- 
vates — .\bliott, Jasper C, Adams, 
.\hidisoii H., Amundson, Chris. 
Anstiss, William G., .\lkinson, 
lldvery C, Bailey, David, Ball. 
Voung A., Bilodeau, William 1'., 
Itoss, Ray M., Bozarto, Edward 
1:.. Brandon, Bradford, Camp, 
LuNl. H. B. POIN DEXTER Joseph F., Chattin, Charles E., 
■~- I'rago, Arthur E., Dohn, Joseph E., 
Dumbacher, John L., Dyer, James 
J., Fell, Francis A., Flear, Paul H.. Flinn, Clement A., Flint, 
James E., Fleischer, Morris, Flesher, Fred, Florance, Frank 
H., Follett, Francis V., Fowler, James R.. George Benjamin 
K., Glenn, William L.. Hacker, Floyd C, Harrison, Thomas 
B., Hatfield, Harold C, Hileman, Charles D., HoUenbach, 
Robert G., lies, James V., Kurtzhal, Merle L., Land, William 
F., Lappala, August, Lee, Harry, Lester. Harold B.. Lewis, 
Saxon A., Lewis, Walter A., Lindgren, Alfred C, Llttleficld, 
Daniel J., McCall, Lon C McLcllan, Millard K., Meadows, 
Van O., Miller, Max A.. Moody, James E., Muehlbrad, August 
W., Oden. Tim B., Parker, Thomas E., Philips, Hugh B. W.. 
Putnam, Earle H., Raesener, Henry J., Randall, Harry, Reese, 
1' rank M., Regan, Stephen J., Richards, Tesia F., Riley, Albert 
M., Robertson. William R.. Robinson, Elmer L., Robinson, 
Frank P., Roth, William A.. Rountrec, Felix G., Rouse, Sam 
H., Saur. Bert C, Scheetz, Frederick A., Schmidt, Emile L., 
.Scbrnitt, P'rank J., Schwyhart, Paul D., Segraves, Grovcr, 
Short, Clarence A., Sloan. Frank S.. Smith. Everett E., Smith, 
Lloyd, Smith, Ray A., Squier, Walter A.. Staib. Edward C, 
Steffins, Oscar M., Stephenson. Samuel P., .Sullivan, Edward 
F., Tanzer, John J., Taylor, Skelton, Tingley, Francis A., 
Vacca, Michael J., Varney, Edward W., Vaughn, Vernon J., 
Venable, Sterling P., Voight. William J.. Ward. Jimmie H., 
Walters, James C, Webb, Joseph A„ White, Erma R., Wilke, 
Edward, Wilson, Ford S., Young, Raymond J., Youngquist, 
Harm H. 



SQUADROiN "H"— The History-Making, Happy, Home-Like Hustlers 
Renamed twice, but constantly the same in Spirit and Achievement 


[STORY repeats itself. On April 19. 1775. Paul Revere 
made his famous dash for the preservation of Liberty. 
April 19. 1918, or exactly one hundred and forty-three 
years later, Kelly Field became the possessor of a bouncing 
new squadron of 250 men, the 244th Aero Squadron, like- 
wise to make a strike for the 
preservation of Liberty. Hum- 
ming and buzzing with activity 
as it was. very little disturbance 
was caused by the arrival ot this 
_ ^_ new offspring for although 

t C ^ ^^^ Kelly has been, since the time 

P mr% ^^- ^^B of its inception, a veritable bee- 
fc I / ^H hive of industry, it has always 

W \,^~ i^fl maintained an air ot tranquil- 

ity, officially speaking. difficuR 
to disturb. 

The Squadron's personnel 
originated largely with the old 
5th. one of the pioneers of the 
Air Service and until April, '18 
at Kelly Field. Furthermore, the 
244th personnel embraced every 
department at Kelly and has con- 
tinued as generally representa- 
tive to this day. This cosmopolitan aspect, without doubt 
unique among all the Field organizations, has given the 
244th a distinctly democratic spirit. 

The officers of the 244th at the time of its organi- 
zation were: Commanding Officer, Lieut. H. D. Kroll; 
Adjutant, Lieut. 0. B. Saner; Supply Officer, Lieut. H. P. 

For the first few months very few outside activities 
were encouraged because of the financial infancy and weak- 
ness of the Squadron fund. But on June 30, the 244th 
burst into the public limelight with a vengeance on the 
occasion of the first Kelly Field Squadron picnic. The 
affair, a huge success was staged at Landa's Park. New 
liraunfels. some thirty-five miles distant, and the trip to 
and fro made in eight huge passenger busses. Leading 
the procession was the 1st Air Service Band, also of Kelly. 
Its ambitious and "peppy" strains awoke many a house- 
hold unfortunate enough to be on the route and they were 
responsible for the near break-up of several muster 

Lieut. H. D. KROLL, 

ceremonies at Camp Travis. Few will ever forget the 
effect the "jazzy" airs produced upon a colored organi- 
zation standing at attention along the route that morning. 
It was a hot and dusty journey but the men were amply 
repaid on arrival with one of the most excellent picnic 
oinners ever prepared. Following this dinner, swimming 
oud an athletic meet were enjoyed to the full. The crystal- 
like pool and the attractive park made the visitors forget 
the war and all its by-products, and when the recall 
for the return was sounded, hardly a man but what re- 
gretted to leave. The return trip was enlivened by a 
watermelon fight staged on the numerous trucks while in 
motion. Thus ended the first "big time" and the 244th 
then became known as the picnic and recreational outfit. 

On July 17th an official order changed the name of 
the Squadron from the "244th Aero Squadron" to "Kelly 
Field Squadron H." but so little difference did this make 
in the maintenance and operation of the organization that 
Ihe transition was accomplished almost without the knowl- 
edge ot the men themselves. However, from that date on, 
the 244th ceased to be anything but a memory and in its 
place sprung Squadron H. 

The first picnic at Landa's Park had served to whet an 
appetite for more of a like order and accordingly, another, 
to even out-do the first, was planned. This one took the 
form of a week-end picnic and was held August 3rd and 
4th. Again the trip was made by bus and another wonder- 
ful time was had, the men leaving Xew Brauntels with a 
feeling of regret that their tun should be so shortlived. 

The. Old Tent 



Several meals, cooked in a field range brougbt along for 

the purpose, and rivaling the ones served on the former 

occasion, were prepared and it was a genuine "blowout" 

from start to finish. The men rolled into their blankets 

and slept under the skies and on or under the trucks. 

The two days were occupied as before- - 

boating, bathing and dancing. A special 

dance was staged in the park the night of 

the first day in honor of the Squadron's 

second trip to New Braunfels for a picnic. 

and scores of girls from town attended. 

adding to make it an enjoyable affair. The 

citizens of the town had been treated to a 

parade and drill when the Squadron arrived 

on the morning of the 3rd and as a resuli 

it received a rousing send-off from the 

people when it left late on the evening of 

the 4th. Programs and menus were again 

given to the men. and these are still kept. 

along with those of the first picnic, in 

memory of two of the best outings ever 


Along with other organizations on the 

Field, the summer of 1918 was given over 

to the Texas heat and the constant anticipa- 
tion and hope of overseas assignment. Innumerable rumors 

of such transfer were born and buried on the same date, 

and frequently it was definitely assured us that we were 
headed for either Africa, or 
Russia, or France, or England 
or the Mexican Border. Although 
there were scattered cases of 
-^^ssF officers and men of the Squadron 

^^^^^^^^t- i-'M sent overseas, the approach of 
^^^^^^^^JMdH October and Fall found the unit 
'^^^^^P^ J^H still in the Lone Star State. 

Upon the lifting of quarantine, 
or on November 11, 1918. the 
Kaiser celebrated in a fitting 
manner by signing the arm- 
istice. It was on that day that 
Barracks 33 trembled and was 
later descried by its occupants, 
who went to town and helped 
show the natives how to fittingly 
Litiii. REESE celebrate the end of the world's 

Lieut. C. Le page 

greatest struggle. And henceforth sprung a series of half- 
holidays and Squadron festivals that in some manner made 

up for the uncomfortable summer months. 

The expressions "good eats" and "Squadron H" have 

been synonymous, but a rare treat was offered the members 
on Thanksgiving Day. when a dinner be- 
fitting a royal assembly was served in the 
mess hall. Mess Sergeant Drummond and 
his industrious assistants prei)ared this 
men! for several days and were well re- 
warded with the unanimous verdict that 
Hotel nor Home "over here or "over there" 
served a better dinner. Many ladies were 
present and from soup to nuts and smokes 
and candy not one article was missing. 
Like all others. Squadron H had limitless 
gratitude to offer on this national holiday, 
and its celebration was quite appropriate. 

November 18th saw another change in 
the unit's name, although not so great this 
time as before. "Kelly Field Squadron H" 
became "Kelly F'ield Flying School Detach- 
ment Squadron H," but owing to its lengthy 
name it has never been adopted by its 
members. Officialdom knows it as such, 

but to the personnel it continues simply "Squadron H." 
"H" firmly planted itself in the social structure of 

Kelly Field on December 6th, when 

friends one of the most elaborate 

social and military affairs ever 

staged in the district. This time 

it was a mammoth banquet and 

dance at the most attractive 

hotel in town, and originality 

and individuality, coupled with 

the untiring efforts of a diligent 

committee, resulted in a glorious 

affair. The ball room was 

elaborately decorated with ever- 
green and model 'planes, and the 

tables formed a huge "H," the 

center of which contained a good 

sized fountain. A few short and 

snappy after-uinner talks were 

followed by a formal dance 

which lasted until 1 a. m. Ag-iiii Lieut. J. C. EWING 

it shared with its 




the 1st Air Service Band contributed to the success of the 
affair with their music, as did also the Travis Quartette. 
For once the men enjoyed the sensation of being on the 
streets after 1 a. m.. and it was a happy, high-spirited group 
that returned to Kelly that morning. 

Christmas night, although many had taken advantage 
of furloughs offered over the holidays, another dance 
was held in the Squadron recreation hall, situated at one 
end of the mess building. At eleven a supper was served— 
a supper worthy of a Christmas celebration in every 
respect. In addition to this supper, fruits and nuts of all 
kinds were offered during the evening, the pool table in 
one end of the recreation hall being loaded 
with these goodies. The dance proved so 
delightful that it was continued until the 
wee small hours of the morning. 

The officers and non-commi.=sioned offi- 
cers of the Squadron from the time of its 
inception to the present have been: C'nii- 
iiifuidiiiij Officer; Lieut. H. D. Kroll. who 
has served since the Squadron's organ! 
zation. Adjutant; Lieut. 0. B. Saner. Lieut 
L. D. Buhl, Lieut. C. B. Crawford. Supplu 
Officer; Lieut. H. P. Turner. Prisomi' I 
Officer; Lieut. Jas. C. Ewing. Mess Officir; 
Lieut. Lewis R. P. Reese. Barracks Officer; 
Lieut. Clarence J. Wasson. The two last 
mentioned are flying officers. Sergeant 
Wm. Paschal officiated as Trjp-Seryeant 
until July 20, 1918. Sergeant-Majnr ; Henry B. Moore. Louis 
D. Steiner, Seth D. Seely. Hupply Sergeant; Wheelock P. 
Chamberlain. Wm. Wolfson. Mess Sergeant; W. J. Ader- 
hold Wm. A. Drummond. Coalcs ; Herbert E. Taylor. 
Leonard Smith. Clark W. Tuttle. Joseph W. Walker. John 
Miller, Elia Pera. 

In the outfit is found much talent. Walter H. Dun- 
ham, accompanist of the Kelly Field Glee Club, as well as 
several other members of that organization were members 
of the Squadron. Also Joseph S. Cavarretta. pugilist. 
Cavarretta weighs 128 pounds and has made quite a reputa- 
tion for himself and his Squadron in the Southern De 

The Squadron has had a baseball team which, under 
the admirable pitching of Corporal Curry, won ten games 
out of fourteen played with other Squadrons on the Field. 

"H" has been the first Squadron at Kelly to establish 
its fraternity pin. All of its members have purchased 
these attractive Air Service "H" emblems, which will serve 
to keep alive, in years to come, ties of brotherhood formed 
in tue cactus state. 

The reputation of Squadron H has been a most en- 
viable one. Especially in regard to the upkeep and 
cleanliness of its quarters may this be said, for it has been 
liighly commended upon the occasion of several inspections 
by the Sanitary Officer. It has long been known as "The 
best Squadron on Kelly Field." Handsome curtains and 
draperies have been hung at every one of the windows in 
i;oth barracks and mess hall, giving the quarters as much 
cf a home-like appearance as possible. The recreation hall 
is carpeted, and a piano, victrola and pool table have been 
installed. There are also large, comfortable chairs and 
tables for reading and writing. And. finally, an esprit de 
corps has always been present, a condition due to the 
earnest efforts and high qualities of the Sergeant-Major 
and the Mess and Supply Sergeants. 

Summarizing the life of Squadron H at Kelly Field, 
it is to be noted that few other organizations possess so 
many members who have thoroughly enjoyed Kelly and 
Texas in spite of the keen disappointment in not having 
gone overseas. Life here was by it made tolerable and 
pleasant. Its men have ever been alive to opportunities 
of diversion and have been the originators in many in- 

stances. Its mess has always been recognized as the best, 
and its men. through their work and discipline, have helped 
much to raise Kelly Field efficiency to its present height. 
And now that the war is over and the majority of us 
members are returning to their peace-time occupations, 
along with them go cherished memories of Squadron H. 
Circle and barracks and Kelly, and of a year or more of 
i.appy, wholesome associations with a squadron of "good. 
old fellows" — one and all. 


M. E. — Fiey. John H., Webb. Earl S. 
Sergeants 1st Class — Johnson. Harold M.. 
Arbogast. Louis \\'., Allen, Paul H., Sutton. 
John A., Rowe, Lyle W.. Xardelli, Achille. 
Lansiborn, Douglas R.. Matejka, Laidmir K. 
Sergeants — Walker, Llewellyn I., Price. Charles 
II.. Sha.liach, David H.. Keller, Harry J., 
flu-rnt-r. Hugh Jr.. Burns, Vincent A., Rudy, 
W'hitnev A.. Mazursky, Mordecia M., Drum- 
mond. William A.. Wolfson. William, Seely. 
Sdh D. Corporals — Fox Harold S.. Steele. 
I'liiiibs ( )., l;ii.«<-\, rharles A., Hirsh. Martin S. 
Cliaiiffeurs 1st Class — Rowe, Donald (5.. Tripp. 
I ■,,•. .!•.,'' K. .Morgan, John L.. Burrows. Edwin R. 
Chauffeurs — Hazer, Bernard R.. Masland, 
SaniUfl. Shick. Charles C. Wright. Fred C. 
I'.utkr. Joseph E.. Coleman. Harold L,., L'tley. 
.Milton L.. Garner. Albert R.. Watson, Fred 
; . Dorbad, George C. Rhoderick. George C. Jr., 
.Morgan. .Sidney. Sullivan. George F., Crowder. 
.Mark J.. Cavarretta. Joseph S. Cooks — Pera. 
Klia. Smith. Leonard, Taylor. Herbert E.. 
Tntile. Clark W.. Walker. Joseph W. Privates 

1st Class — Etcher, Raymond S., Fly. Prentice 

. y. Hanson. Herman G.. Hart. Clifford P.. 

of Ficnic Marshall. Robert J.. Xeuffer. William C. Pres- 

•(,n. Harold C Sagcndorf. Raymond. Sholes. Dee, Shurm. Fran1{ 
E.. Travis, Wayne M.. Walkenhorst. August H.. Waller. Andrew 
J.. Whilson, Theodore D.. Williams. Howard O. Privates — 
Achning. Ralph G., Albin, James M., Allen, Ernest W.. .Mien. 
James Iv. Alport. Abe E.. Alsop. Malcolm L., Alstadt, Emanuel 
R., Anderson, George E., Anderson, George R.. Anderson, 
Oscar J.. Anderson, Roland E., Anderson, William M.. 
.Andrews, Joseph H.. Arnote, Ersel O., Baker. Robert J., Bal- 
Unger, DeWitt N., Basgall, Albert J.. Bealmear, Beverly B.. 
Beamgard, George. Beckman. Adolph, Barnes, Earl, Beckett, 
Hilliard D.. Belt, Harry R.. Benner, James L., Bird, Willis S., 
Bischoff. Raymond L., Bixby. John H., Blackmear, Francis L., 
Blood, Chester N., Bodley, Ralph P.. Bouchard, George H., 
Cowman. Harry M., Boyd. Louis M., Braunsdorf. Harry F.. 
Burns. John J.. Cella. John P.. Chamberlain. Wheelock P.. 
Couch. Wayne C, Cross. Raymond G.. Cunningham. Herbert. 
Daly. William R.. Fegley. Frank, Ford. Wallace C. Freednian. 
Peter A., Jones, Howard L.. Jones. William R., Lefler. Rollin. 
Lloyd, Elmer F.. Lowery. Albert W., McDonnell. Paul F.. Mc- 
Enteer, Michael L.. McShirley. Frank M.. Martin. Samuel J.. 
Mattison. Joseph C. Meynard. Joseph E.. Miller. Earl M., 
Miller, John A.. Mitchell, Roy F.. Mohn. Harrv E., Mohr! 
Elmer W.. Monson. Henry. Moon. William F.. Moore. Benjamin. 
Moore, Henry G.. Muller, Edward F.. Mvers. George F., Myers 
thilip. Nelson. Fred, Olson. Clifton P.. Osterhout Willard 
F., Penn, Clifford. Quigley. Edward J., Richardson. Thomas 
G., Rodgers, Sterling T.. Rowley. Herbert G.. Snvder. Leslie 
T., Stember. Paul E.. Stockton. Marion F., Streeter, Merle. 
Strom, Clarence W., Tanimler. Ross A.. Thompson, Warren 
D.. Triplett. Orville A., Valentine. Lawrence F., Van Wee.s, 
Arnold. Weber. William. Varus. Howard V.. Zimmerman. 
Ralph G. Pormer Attached men — Aderhold. Wallace Jones 
Bourke, William A.. Bowen, Bertran B.. Bruecker. John. 
Carroll, John E.. Cella. John Paul. Colling. Ernest Walter. 
Curry, Walter Waynion. Cost. Lewis Davis, Drouin. William 
Joseph, Faraday, John Herbert, Fram, William H.. Froehde 
Bertram E.. Lewis. William E., McClain, Charles P., Wiggins. 
Piatt K.. Whcaton. Thomas Bodie. 


Lieut. H. D. KroU enlisted in the .-Vir Service December. 
1917. He served his military training at the G. O. T. S.. Kellv 
Field. Texas, and the School of Military Aeronautics. 
Cohimhu.s. Ohio. He was commissioned March IS. 191S, and 
assigned to Squadron "H" May 3rd, 1918. His home is In 
t)orchester. Mass. 

Lieut. H. P. Turner was graduated from Cameron Agricul- 
tural College in 1912. and Oklahoma A. & M.. 1915. Home 
address Lawton. Oklahoma. 

Lieut. Charles B. Crawford is a graduate of the L^niversitv 
of Michigan with B. .V. degree. He attended School of 
Military .\eronautics at Columbus. Ohio, from March to May, 
ISIS. Home address: Peoria. III. 

Lieut. Clarence J. Le Page. Commissioned 2nd Lieut. 
April 11. 1912: 1st Lieut. April n. 1917. Graduated School of 
Military Aeronautics. I'niversity of Texas, Austin. Texas, 
June 1,T. 191S. Qualified as Reserve Militarv .\viator De- 
cember 4, l!ll.<i. 



Tiio' in Domestic Ser\-ice theirs was the supreme sacrifice 

GeorSe n. Adams, Oct. 24, 1918 
Benjamin Moore. Dec. 14. 1918 George Frazer Myers. Dec. 17 



SQUADRON "I"-The Industrious Indoor Aviators 

mX ONE DAY. a SQliaciron may underso radical and 
most startling changes. The transition in reality 
may cnvcr a period of months, but to those who 
have livfd in the midst of it. the reality comes with a 
sense of shock and comes only at some time when for some 
reason it is desired to enumerate, in chronological order 
the various events which went to 
effect the change. 

The 245th Aero Squadrnn. 
created by virtue of Sp^-cial 
Order No. 23, on April 2'i. J91S. 
was organized primarily with 
the idea that it was to be a 
Headquarters Squadron. A can 
vass was made of the various 
squadrons at that time on this 
field and even Kelly Number 
One's manpower was drawn on 
in the endeavor to gather and 
assemble in one organization the 
necessary specialists of as high 
a grade as possible to carry on 
the Headquarters worli. The 
nun working in Flying Depart- 
ment Headquarters, the Office 
of the Officer in Charge of Fly- 
ing and the Office of the Engineer Officer, at that time, 
were transferred to the 245th Aero Squadron which was 
then ready, with the thirty-three men so assigned, to 
start upon its career. The little group, under the super- 
vision of Lieutenant Charles E. Allen and Sergeant 1st 
Class Edward M. Britt. was installed in riarracks No. 75. 
situated opposite the Kelly Field No. 2 Water Tank and 
at (he extreme Western End of the road running outside 
the field's barbed-wire fence. Up to and including the 
months of June and July, 1918, every man, excepting the 
well-known cooks and K. P.s in the squadron, was assigned 
to some Special Duty and the 245th was supplying Head- 
quarters with its Sergeant Major, M. S. E. Thomas Keenan. 
and most of its clerical force, to say nothing of the office 
of the Officer in Charge of Flying and Engineer Office, 

Ueui. E. McDonald 

1)01 h of which were manned almost exclusively by Special 
Duty men from the 245th. 

Under the administration of l^iiut. r. Sirgrant 
Major Fred Vaile and Sergeant Edward M. Britt wire of 
.great assistance in making the Army life of the men in 
the squadron a pleasant one. Numerous picnics, dances 
and dinners were arranged and on one occasion the whole 
squadron "Trucked" to New Braunfels and revelled in an 
aquatic meet. The Fourth of July Dinner and Dance and 
the Victory House Warming were affairs that to do them 
justice an article would have to be devoted solely to their 
(hscription. As to Athletics the 245th unquestionably won 
tlu Baseball Championship of Kelly Field No. 2 by defcatinj; 
the ISOth. the 235th. the 2nd, and on default, the 243rd. 
tlius having never been defeated and having met most of 
tlie squadrons and returned victorious. This claim can- 
not be disputed. 

July 20. 1918. the "Powers that Be" decreed that 
Flying Department Squadrons should be lettered instead 
of numbered and the 245th became Kelly Field Squadron 
"I." In reality just a change of name, but the old 245th 
no longer existed. Kelly Field Squadron "I," with a per- 
sonnel encompassing the innumerable trade tests of which 
only an Aero Squadron can boast, was occupying Barracks 
No. 75 with the old 245th's Officers and most of its men, 
but here was transition in reality. Transition readily 
recognized by the squadron's so-to-speak, "Charter-Mem- 

During this time the squadron had the usual proces- 
sion of Supply Officers and Adjutants. Lieut. Caminetti, 
IJeut. McHale. Lieut. Streeter, Lieut. Reimann and Lieut 
Poste. Lieutenant Earl McDonald, an R. M. A., is now 
Commanding Officer. Sergeant Major Archibald L. Conklin 
now officiates in Fred Vaile's capacity and Sgt. Edward M. 
Britt still blows his whistle at 5:30 each and every morn- 
ing. (SUNDAY excepted). 

It is fitting at this time to devote a small bit of space 
to a few individuals — merely enlisted men, one of whom 
at least is deserving of more "pica" than can be devoted 



to him in this history. Referring specifically to Theophilc- 
Jean Mathicu. French Patriot. Poilu, Airman, Ace: ar- 
riving in this country with whatever the French equivalent 
for our S. C. D. may be. no longer able to be a soldier, but 
siill very much of a patriot, he finally arrived in Kelly 
Field No. 2 and putting his twenty-seven months of ex- 
perience as a French Flier to the best possible use, be- 
came a civilian instructor in Aeronautics and Airplane 
Engines at the modest salary of $350.00 per month. After 
serving for some time as civilian in charge of Airplane 
Repair at this field, erstwhile Lieut. Theophile-Jean 
Miithieu of the French Air Service, having recovered his 
health, resigned his position as civilian instructor for the 
title of "BUCK PRIVATE" U. S. A., salary, .$30.00 per 
month, less its many, many deductions. Private Mathieu 
would doubtless have soon been Lieut. Mathieu had not 
llie Boche practically capitulated and the Armistice been 
signed, which in his case as in many others, prevented 
deserving recognition of service. There have been other 
such deserving men. Each man. it can be safely said, 
has at least tried to try to do his best. 

Kelly Field Squadron "I" is no longer, for all squadrons 
iiave become one Unit known as the Flying School De- 
tachment. Flying School Detachment Squadron "I" is 
simply a subterfuge to prevent 
entire loss of identity. The old 
organization endeavoring tocling 
to its existence before de 
mobilization destroys even this 
fiction when each man. chame- 
leon-like will revert to a number 
as in bygone Rookie Days for 
the last change— HO.ME. 


Sorgeant Major — A. I,, Cnnlilin. 
"Top" Sergeant — i: .M. Brill. 

Supply Sergeant — I.l.iyd T. Nei- 
siin. Mess Sergeant — Williaiii 
.Sclioiifker. Master Electricians — 
Keenan. Ttujiuas. I'litlt-r. .'-;> 1\ ;i iiiis 
!>.. Wliitiu/y, CIuuIl-.s (_'. Serjeants 
1st Class — IJigelow, Keniielli 1'., 
t^iH'k. Kol:)ert, C^asiday, Henry .V., 
Sailors. Cra>*toni M. Stritiliiif;. 



.rohii H.. Thompson, Earl R., Wise, Mervin L., York, William E. 
Sergeants — Barnes, Warren C, Barry, Ralph M., Jentes. 
Milton A., King, Burgess B.. McCollough, Elkana S., Rowell, 
Fred B., Borland, Roljert E., Huck, William, Matics. Cecil E., 
Millard, Edward H., Pieper, Julius C, Sandman. Victor E.. 
Skinner, Howard K., Stauffer, Willard L. Corporals — Foster. 
Leslii' .J., Guay. William, Limroth, Leslie G., McClellen, Georae 
U., My. IS, Willar.l G.. Xkkell, Edward C, Rothenhoefer, Geo. 
L. Chauffeurs 1st Class — Hubbard. Albert O., Koens, Robert 
L., McKee, Clarence W., Mullikin, Paul R.. Pardoe, K.lvin M., 
Price, Jay W., Scese, David B., Stedman, Alfred J. Clianffeurs 
— Abbott, Chester W., Craig, John R., Drake, Claire O., Nel- 
son, Anlhony W., Porter, Julian N., Ratcliff, Henry H., 
Richardson. Maceo M., Simons, Robert W., Strause, Curtis L., 
Sullivan, Howard F., Weld, Arthur C. G., Wright, C. B., Zerbe, 
Claude. Cooks — Neunian, Samuel. Johnston, James H., 
Schmitz., Frank J., Shannon, Frank E, Privates 1st Class — 
Bates, Howard S,. Coyle, Roy, Doherty, Thomas P., Doty, 
Charles M. J., Johnson, Charles K., Johnson, Claude W., Mc- 
Cann, Francis J., Matteau, NapoUoeen, Miller. Alfred R., Shook, 
Philip M., Sparkman, Hudson S.. Newcomb, Carl R., Sekell. 
Chester H., Stevens, Elwood A., Wain, Leonard, Wade, Samuel, 
Wagonlander, Edward. Privates — Bacon, Andrew, Bagnell, 
Andrew, Breckenridge, Harold E., Brevard, Robert J., Brice, 
l^ewis B., Brickley, Ernest M., Brockman, Merril J.. Brown, 
.August v., Buckingham. James H., Buckles. Victor, Budden. 
Frederick H., Burns, John C Burt, Noel A., Byors, William 
F., Caldwell, Grover C. Caldwell, Paul C, Calhoun, Fred. 
Campbell, Arthur A., Campbell. Ralph H., Canter, Wade, 
Dick, Carel, Leo W., Carson, Edward T., Cavender, Joseph M., 
Chapin, Deston G., Charlson. Harold E., Chekel, Julius J., 
Clawson, Warren, Coles, Nick S., Connoly, Earl A., Cornwell, 
Frederick J. Jr., Craven, Arthur L., Galose, Loren, E.. Gallo- 
way, John E„ Garnsey, Edward T,. Garrard. Leonard R„ 
Geisen, Rolla W., (51enn, Carl G„ Golden. David F,: Golden, 
Frank F., Cosorn, Lloyd B„ Grim, 
Harold, Hager, Chester T.. Hahn, 
Howard G., Hall. Leslie E., Halter. 
Merril, Harper, Olar. Hayes, Free- 
man J., Hess, Ra.vmond F., Hill- 
strom, Benjamin, Hol,\', Joseph E., 
Hullett, James 1="., Johnson, John 
A., Lockwooa, r'rancis, Lucketl, 
Edward H., Luaington, F'earl ,-\., 
Mackay. Saint Elmo. McMullin. 
Elmer V., McNiven, Daniel, Magie. 
Elisha E. Jr., Main, Roger 1... 
Mathews, Andrew J., Melrose, 
George M., Nelson, William H., 
Newton, James J., Nitz, George P.. 
Qiiellet. Joseph L., Quinn, Henry 
J., Raybon, Charles .\., Root, Clyde 
A., Rose. Ernest U.. Sullivan, Paul 
H., Swan, James S.. Tudor. Walter 
E., Vaitses, Stephen C, Van Tas- 
sel. Elliott B,, Vogel, Andrew, 
Weber, Elmer, Weisgerber, Ru- 
dolph A., Wheately, Claude C 
Wilson. George S., Wise, Glenn 
v.. Wood. Joseph A.. Woolf. 
Walter R.. Woolworth. Ernest, Jr., 
Zwirner, Oscar. 

M, S, E., T, KEEN AN 


SQUADRON "K"-The Khaki Care-Free 

N' AUGUST 16th, 1917 this squadron formed in Kelly 
n ■ .\u. 1 as the 110th Aero Repair Squadron with 
BJJI l.ieut. Wilson as Squadron Commander and Lieut. 
Bagnell as Engineer Officer in command. It was composed 
of men from various branches of the service and newly en- 
listed men anxious to see active service in France. Known 
as the Base Machine Shop Squadron, embracing the entire 
personnel of the Engineering Department at that time, it 
had control over the Machine Shop, Foundry, Heat Treat- 
ment. Woodworking Shop. Welomg Shop, Magneto Depart- 
ment. Tin Shop. Motor Shop, Erecting and Repair Division 
and the Testing Department. Due to lack of material and 
equipment, the work of re- 
pairing ships and motors tax- 
ed the ingenuity of all con 
cerned to the utmost, and it 
was only thru the exceptional 
ability of the men and officers 
of the squadron that the re- 
pair work was accomplished. 
On Sunday. October ISth. 
1917, the entire squadron and 
equipment was transferred to 
the Flying Department Kelly 
Field No, 2, forming the 
nucleus from which the pres- 
ent extensive system has 
grown. This system has been 
widely copied throughout the 
other Aviation Fields in the 

On February 1st, 1918, the 
name of the squadron was 
changed to the 804th Aero 
Repair Squadron, and Lieut, 
Higgins was assigned as Com- 
manding Officer and many 
of our men were transferred 
to other fields to introduce 
the system which has been 
perfected here. 

About the 1st of April Lieut, Higgins was relieved 
and Lieut, McCahlll was assigned as Commanding Officer, 
only to be succeeded by Lieut. Landes with Lieut. Silber- 
berg as Adjutant and Lieut. McCoy as Supply Officer. 
During the dual assignment of Lieut. Landes, who, besides 
being the Squadron Commander, was assistant Detail Offi- 
cer of the Plying Department. Lieut. Silberberg assumed 
the duties of the Commanding Officer, and it was thru 
his efforts that Squadron "K" was the first squadron on 
the field to have their Recreation Room decorated and 
equipped in an elaborate way. 

The furniture of the room is mission, designed and 

Sqaadron "K" Officers 


J? *^r 



made by the men of the Squadron who are on duty in the 
Woodworking Department and the lighting scheme in- 
stalled by another member of the Squadron. The furnish- 
ings include a piano, victrola, pool table, card tables, writing 
tables, library and various other equipment for the benefit 
and comfort of the men. The room is attractively 
decorated, and the soft light from the Japanese lanterns 
gives a warm and homelike atmosphere. Many happy hours 
were spent here during spare time. Remarks were splashed 
as freely as a big dog splashes water in a puddle too small 
for him. 

In the latter part of September 1918, the Squadron 
was greatly depleted in strength by the sending out of a 
great number of mm to Gerstner Field. La., to organize 
the Engineering Department there, and to bring the Squad- 
ron back to its authorized strength, a detachment of men 
"..•as transferred here from the Mechanics School at Austin. 
Texas, to obtain practical experience from the older men 
in the organization. Shortly after this Lieut. McCoy was 
assigned as Supply Officer of the Cadet Wing. 

After the Armistice had been signed. Lieuts. Landes 
and Silberberg both secured an honorable discharge from 
the service, and Lieut. Burton, one of the most widely 
known Flying Instructors on the field, was put in com- 
mand; Lieut. Murray being assigned as Adjutant, and 
Lieut. Lloyd. Supply Officer. 

The Headquarters Inspections have given Squadron 
"K" one of the best records on the Field. 

The men of the Squadron look forward with regret 
and pride to the day the demobilization machinery dis- 
bands this highly efficient organization; regret for the 
parting of friends and comrades, and pride in knowing 
the self-sacrifice they made in training fliers to go 
overseas, forming as they did the back-bone of the men who 
aclped complete the job "over there." 

Master Electricians — .McCrory, Earl, .Smith, Harrison A. 
Sergeants Ist Class — Hemberger, William W.. Hudson, Floyd 
i;., Jliuiiii^.s. Isaac B.. Lynch, Thomas. Michaels. Prank, 
Moody, Dwight, O'Gara. James J. Sergeants — Blink, Win- 
field B., Bowling, William A., Casebolt, Bernard, Christensen, 

Axel G., Charlton, Bert, Comstock, Wilbur R., Davis, Aubrey 
E.. Donlon, William A., Palkin, James, Fraser. Andrew B., 
Futch, Clarence W., Green, James H., Howard, James W., 
Hume, Royal D., Lehniger, Harry, Lytle, Lester L., Morris, 
Hoy, Mutschler, Albert J., Russell. Henry A., Shaeffer, Albert 
B.. Shanaman, Charles, Souza. EH .A.. Stewart, Marvin D.. 
\ eazey, Whitener, Henry E. Corporals — Becker, William F., 
Urunson, Clarence L.. Christensen, Herman, Cope. Fred 
Crandall, Glenn N., Driesler, Benjamin F. V., Gage, Raymond 
W., Grimshaw, William T., Hadley, Roy C, Hauher, Rudolpd 
C, Heinecke, Gustav W., Johnson, Elmer E., Jones. William 
T., Kinney, Ralph. Kolb, George W., Kolka, John J., Lloyd, 
Homer L., Maher, Herbert P.. Parsons, Richard. Rudy, George 
O., Savage, James J.. Schrneder. David. Sheiban. Abraham, 
Warren, Claude L. Chauffeurs 1st Class — Hamann, Wesley 
H. Cliaaffenrs — Barendregt, Jacob, Cooley, Frank D.. Ells- 
worth. Estel. Hurd. Ernest S.. Keas. Harry W., Kreitz. Jay J., 
Mason. Millard J., Parr. Harold S.. Randel, Tip, Vanover, 
William L. Cooks — Earley. Elmer M.. Ruff, Raymond C, 
Vujovich. Stanley. Privates 1st Class — Cross Raymond S., 
Gilisi, Antonio, Godsey. Calvin T.. Holt.m. Arthur F., Pearson, 
Philip E., Sturgeon. John G. Privates — .\hendschein, E. H., 
Aitken, William R., .\llman. Adolpli V., Baker, Ralph, Bern- 
stein, Charles F., Bothner. Richard H., Bufflap, Carl A., Cook, 
panels M. Jr.. Cunningham, Ellwood F., Dawley Floyd L., 
Dixon, Carl W., Downes, Robert W., Downey, William P., 
Fasken, Roy F., Ferraro. Carlo, Fertig, Abraham F., Fields, 
Mathew J., Finnigan, Arthur L., Fisher, Ben. C, Fisher, Fay 
J., Fox, Thomas A., Erisen, Alvin E., Fuller, Ernest L., Gee, 
Harold M.. George. Edward, Gernazian, Hogop, Goodspeed, 
Harry F., Haller. Joseph .\.. Hanna. Elmer E.. Howard, Charles 
H., Hudson, John W., Hudson, William, Hurd, Enos A., Hutch- 
inson, Joseph A.. Irvine. George A.. Jacks, French, Jackson. 
Ova G., Jaderburg. Arvidd T., Janes, Harry W., Jewett, Ed- 
ward P., Johns, Bennet O., Johnson, Charles L., Johnson, 
Foster F., Johnson, Ivar A., Johnson Wilfred M., Johnson, 
Raymond M., Jonew. Horace B., Jordon, Elmer R.. Keene.v, 
Ralph H., Kellen, William F.. Kellner. Gus. G., Kelly, Ray- 
mond B.. Kemnitz, Albert A., King. Ralph A. J., Kirkpatrick, 
George X., Kinnaird, Theo A.. Klenk, Charles J., Klenk. Harry 
G.. Kline, Glenn A., Kohlhorst. Lloyd W.. Kollaja, Leo. Lind- 
holm, Alfred L., Lussenden, John J., Marino, Rosario. Martin, 
Marion E., Martin. Roger J.. Miller, George A., Moreland, 
Max L.. Noetzel, Charles F.. Novominsky, Jake, O'Brien. 
Patrick N., Pfaff, Henry G., Pritsch, Clyde D.. Richards. 
Ralph R., Samuel, John F., Schlossman, James. Showers. 
George D.. Smith, Merle R., Stringham, Walter G., Teal. 
Joseph L., Testa, Amos, Veien, Christian D., Wood, Leron Rj 
Woods, Charles J. 



HE 84th Aero Squadron, whose service dates back to 
Ihc baby days of Kelly Field, has had a long and 

varied existence. In August. 1917_ the squadron. 

under command of Major John P. Edgerly. was organized 
and composed mostly of "Doughboy Non Coms" from the 
liegulary Army Infantry School at Brownsville. Texas. 
The Aviation Section was in its infancy at that time, and 
one of the big problems to contend with was the securing 
of efficient men with sufficient military training and leader- 
ship to take care of and train the great influx of recruits 
arriving at the field daily. The duty of the 84th men was 
to organize into squadrons a certain number of men with 
certain clas.<-es of training. When a squadron was thus 
organized, it was then the duty of the "Non Corns" to start 
Ihe new men on their military career. Feeding and giving 
shelter to the new men was a big problem in 
itself, and many a "Non Ccm" had to dig 
and fight to keep his men properly fed. 

The field was in quite a state of disorder 
at that time. Scarcely any system had been 
devised, and to bring order and discipline 
out of a state of comparative chaos was 
quite a job. Men just out of civil life found 
it hard to buckle down to discipline, but 
with constant drilling and exercise, they 
soon found that to be a good soldier one 
must obey. Keen competition then arose 
as to who had the best squadron, and the 
morale of the men was always at high 
pitch. When taken into consideration thai 
very few commissioned officers were on the 
field at that time with about 18.000 men. 
it can readily be seen that the "doughboy 
Non Coms" of the 84th had a rough time Lieut. T, L. 

of it. 

Lieut. Harvey Buck and Sergeant Harvey Bruhy, who 
were later killed in an airplane accident, were among the 
early members of the 84th. Capt. Harry Secord and Lieut. 
John Brown, old time Sergeants Major of the 84th. are also 
among those given direct commissions for their faithful 
v.ork on Kelly Field. Later, when enlisted men were being 
accepted as candidates for commissions the squadron was 
turned into a clearing house for future officers on both 
flying and non-flying status. It was there that the embryo 
officers were put through their initial course of training 
to acquaint them with the responsibilities of military life 
and fit them to become good leaders. 

At one time the squadron consisted of six hundred and 
six men. most of whom were awaiting assignment to fly- 
ing schools. Records have been kept of every man that 
went through the squadron, and notations made on his 
record card. If he was commissioned, it was so noted. 
If he failed at ground school and was returned to the 
ranks, that entry was also made on his card. Approximate 
ly of a thousand men that received their first training in 
the 84th Squadron, twenty-five per cent finished their 
training as flyers, bombers and observers; twenty-five per 

cent were sent to schools for Ground Officers; five per 
cent were given miscellaneous commissions direct; twenty- 
five per cent were sent to infantry officers' schools, and 
twenty per cent to artillery schools. Of the total number 
of the men sent to schools, approximately two per cent 
were returned to the ranks for failure in studies. 

Later. Major Edgerly was assigned to other duties 
on the field, and still later sent to France with an Air 
Service Detachment. Many of the old members of the 84th 
will remember him for his noble efforts in their behalf. 
He was a strict disciplinarian but a good soldier, and a 
good and just "daddy" to the best squadron on the field. 
It was due to his efforts that the higher officers on the 
field took an interest in the squadron and proud indeed 
^^as he who called himself one of the "84th." 

When the Second Liberty Loan campaign 
started, a keen rivalry sprang up between 
Camp Travis and Kelly Field. Although 
the Infantry Camp had a larger number of 
men, Kelly Field leaped far in advance in 
subscriptions, and to insure a factor of 
safety so that the Field would stay in the 
lead, one member of the 84th, Louis A. 
Ripley, a New York Banker, gave General 
Ruckman, who was at the Field on Liberty 
Loan day a check tor ,$30,000.00 worth of 

Such deeds as these, coupled with the 

general morale of the men, have made Kelly 

Field famous the world over. Many fliers 

who learned their first "squads right" in 

the 84th. have written back from France, 

telling of their successes over the German 

ROUSE lines. Although their training was strict 

and severe, they will always remember with fondness their 

early soldier days at Kelly. 

In October. 1917. Capt. Loring Pickering was assigned 
to the Squadron, and under his tutelage several new 
methods of instruction were added. Lieut. Alexander H. 
Eraser was the next Squadron Commander. He was as- 
signed in December 1917, and knowing that the men wait- 
ing assignment to school needed a more intense course 
of training to fit them for their future duties, he devised 
a new system of training which proved a wonderful 
success. And it was directly due to Lieut. Fraser's efforts 
Uiat the squadron justly earned the reputation "Kelly's 
Crack Squadron." 

Lieut. Fl-aser was a real soldier. He was a graduate 
of the Virginia Military Institute. When war was declared, 
he was in business in the city of San Antonio, but was 
among the first to offer his services for his country. When 
the Ground School at Kelly Field was first opened in the 
summer of 1917, Lieut. Eraser was among the first class, 
and graduated a First Lieutenant. He was very proud of 
his command, and endeared himself to the heart of 
every man in the squadron by his noble efforts in 
their behalf. Later, he was appointed a member of the 



Administrative Board of the Air Service Mechanics School, 
and held that office until his untimely death from 

In July. 1918. Lieut. Emmons was assigned to duty 
'jverseas, and he was succeeded by Lieut. Thomas L. Rouse. 

Lieut. Rouse is one of the pioneer flyers of the service, 
being a graduate of the 3rd cla.«s of cadets who received 
their training at Kelly Field. He is considered one 
cf the best flyers on the Field, and the originator of some 
of the present methods of instruction. 

The administrative work of the squadron under Lieut. 
Walter W. Barr and Sergeant Major George L. Fox has 
been carried out in a most able manner. Sergeant First 
Class Fox enjoys a most unique reputation of having been 
"born and bred" in the old 84th. 

With the coming of demobilization, one of the finest 
squadrons in the service will go out of existence. The 
memory of the new friends made and the happy associations 
will always linger. If after the war is over and you should 
meet an old flyer, just ask him about the good old 84th. 
It by chance he has never been a member, the odds are 
ten to one that he knows someone who was a member, and 
thus will the memory of it ever continue. 

To those who are leaving the service for their different 
stations in life, we extend a hearty handshake and a wish 
for their future success. They answered the call of their 
country with the hearts of boys. They leave with the 
mature minds of men. May God bless them all. 


master Electricians — Jinn-^. Clyde A.. Robinson. Clem. 
Sergean'.s 1st Class — Fox, George L.. Caldwell, Cecil, Blake- 
luaii. iHirhuin II.. Gardner. George W., Kielar. William J. 
SErgeants — Walter, Xewell J.. Cooper. Cherry T., Bray. 
William H., Holm, Alfred, McClung, Albert E., Hissong, 
Harry, McGuigan, Patrick, Hasselback, Walter M., Doolan. 

Fred P., Rowell, Fred B.. Borland, Robert E. Jr.. Huck. 
Wm. Corporals — Kaufman,, Stephen, Bryan, Paul X.. Bosert. 
.James E.. Hanson, Harry, Pitman, June S. Chauffeurs 
1st Class — Ilinton. Howard C, Buckley, Daid Jerome, Huff- 
man. Artliur W. Cliaaffears — Davis, Arthur, Williams Curtis. 
Allen, Richard W., Olson, Marcus A., Bolton, Xewton H.. 
Junek. Frank, Jr., Lucas, Earl H., Beale, Charles B., Rogers, 
Fredrick L., Hayden, Stephen F., McQuillan, Charles J. 
Coots — Brown, William H., Girk, File F.. King. Bert. Scott. 
-Max H., Seitz, Ftank, Sutton, Leroy. Privalies 1st Class — 
Aylward, William H., Blomgren, Rueben V., Corder, Jesse F., 
Crocker, Ivan B., Davis. John W.. Ford, Robert O., Garnick, 
Ray I., Gephard, Elmer, Godsey, Calvin T., Hagen. Ralph E.. 
Hutson. David H., Landi, Felix. Newcomb, Carl R.. Sekell, 
Chester H.. Wain. Leonard, Williams, Floyd L., Winter, 
William, Woodring. Alvin. Privates — Bierig, Carl W., Bothner, 
Richard H., Bullard. Loa A.. Canon. Leonard E., Carey, David 
J., Carpenter, Philip B.. Cromwell, Alfred J., Deane. Alfred 
C, Detty, George W., Diers. Charles B., Ebert, August H., 
Eby, Harry D., Edwards, Edward H., Eilers, Bernard F., 
Eisler, Fred, Elliott. Chester B.. Elliott, Uel C, Emel, Arthur 
C, Englert. Andrew J., Epperson, James E., Erger, George J., 
Erickson, Charles E., Ericson. Wesley, Facklam, John F., 
Fancher, Thomas, Fasken, Roy F., Fertig, Abraham F., Field, 
Matthew J., Fisher, Ben C, Fisher, Fay J., Flear, Paul H., 
Fleischer, Morris, Flesher, Fred, Flint, James E., Florance, 
Frank H.. Follett_, Francis V., Fore, Harold, Forney, Charles 
B., Fossett, Pleasant, Frank. Karl A., Franklin, Francis E.. 
Frazier, Clyde M., Fiitts, Robert E., Fuller. Edmund W.. 
Fuller, Ernest L., Fuller, Tom W., Galiardi, Joe. Gallea. Lnren 
E.. Galloway, John E., Garber, Emmett L., Garnsey, Edward 
E.. Garrard, Leonard R., Geisen, Rolla W.. Glenn, Carl G., 
Golden, David F.. Golden, Frank W., Gosorn, Lloyd B., Graf, 
Conrad H.. Grim, Harold, Hager, Chester T.. Halter, Merril. 
Harper, Ora S.. Harter, Chileen S., Hatfield, Leslie, Hayes, 
Freeman J., Hess, Raymond F., Holy. Joseph G.. Hulet. James 
P.. Jennings. George T., Johnson, John A., Jones, Bernie B., 
Loewy, Arthur, Maddox, Orie A., Martin. John H.. Miller, 
George A., Paredes, Celestino P., Pepiot, Joseph E., Popeney, 
Bernard P., Spangle, John, Stewart, Olie. Usher, Joseph E.. 
Williamson, Earnest. 




t -jI PECIAL ORDERS No. 166—35. "Pursuant to in- 
l^j structions contained in telegram dated December 
IIBmI 17, 1917, from the Chief Signal Officer, the 212th 
Aero Squadron is hereby organized." 

Like a plane in a nose dive, amid one of the heaviest 
rainfalls of a Texas summer, came this order to Lieut. 
Thomas Murchison. S. R. C. A. S.. who was assigned as 
Commanding Officer. 

Planting the Squadron Guidon in front of Squadron 
Headquarters. Lieut. Murchison assembled his Staff, con- 
sisting of Lieut. Clarence R. O'Brien, S. R. C. A. S., Supply 
Officer. Lieut. Alexander Blum, S. R. C. A. S., Adjutant. 
Corp. Thomas J. Wilson and Pvt. Michael H. Prince. Jr., 
who worked out the details for receiving the enlisted 

Pvt. 1st Class Rodman Law. known throughout the 
United States for his daring stunts in flying exhibitions 
and parachute jumping had the honor of being the first 
enlisted man to enter his name on the Squadron Roster. 
Not far behind, as always to formations, came Private 
John H. Reynolds, popular stage favorite who has lately 
won the title of the "Human Fly" by his wall scaling 
ability. These have been a loving pair ever since. 

Sergeants George A. Moore, Lyle H. Scott. Privates 
Emil H. Komm and Charles H. Harman, exhibition flyers 
in civilian life, honored themselves and the Squadron by 
placing their names in the roster. Pvt;-. Sams. Wise 
Walker. Allen and Jandt arrived from the Armorers School 
at Wilbur Wright Field and to say the least, they were 
samples of what the 212th now contains within its folds. 

The remainder of the enlisted personnel came from 
the 812th, 668th, 324th and 327th Squadrons. On June 
19th. 1918 Lieut. O'Brien was relieved from duty with the 
Squadron and assigned else- 
where. His place as Supply Offi- 
cer was taken by Lieut. T. J. 
Capron. On July iSth. 1918, 
Lieut. Blum was relieved and 
.. ■ transferred elsewhere. His place 
as Adjutant was taken by Lieut. 
Rutherford Fleet. A. S. S. R. C. 
Sergeant Walter H. Reller then 
made his debut. He was assign- 
ed as Sergeant-Major and has 
successfully piloted the Squadron 
■; Ship through the pit-falls of 
"^^^ 4^^ '■ army paper work. 
^^^K^^^ Lieut. Will H. Lightfoot A. S. 

^^^^^HtBH^H M. A. replaced Lieut. Murchison 
^^^^^^^^^^1 as Commanding Officer on No- 
— ^^^i^^^B^^^B vember 7th. 1918, and the en- 
listed personnel soon recognized 
Lieul. W. H Lightfoot in him a friend, every ready to 
Commanding look after their welfare. Lieut. 

5 " 

Fleet, feeling that he could out-do the birds in their ele- 
ment, applied for instructions as a iiilot and was trans- 
ferred to the Cadet Wing on November 18th, 1918. 

On December 2nd 1918. thirteen non-commissioned 
officers and Pvt. Johnnie Reynolds were transferred to the 
Flying School Detachment, leaving 123 men to represent 
the Squadron. 

In glancing over the roster, one can remember "shining 
lights" who by their characteristic actions will bring back 
many interesting incidents of military life on Kelly Field. 
Among these are: Sergeant Allen, who was assigned to 
the Squadron as a machine gun instructor, became at- 
tached to the "Canteen Circuit" and ended up with a recom- 
mendation as a permanent K. P. by our esteemed Mess- 

Sergeant "Swede" Johnson, has written to all the 
leading Detroit papers of his promotion and intends to 
use this bit of advertisement in obtaining a position after 

Private 1st Class "Nugget" Cody, descendent of 
"Buffalo Bill" has held down the position of scout and 
mail — dispatch — orderly ever since the Squadron was 

Chauffeur Kaler. inventor of a valve-lifter, which has 
been the envy of the Transportation Department, claims 
to hold a clean record of never having had his truck stuck 
while on wood detail. 

Armistice signed. Vandeventer appears at 7 A. M. at 
Orderly Room for discharge while Chauffeur Knighton 
remains outside recruiting men for the Air Service as a 
Keeley Cure. 

Chauffeur Wright has been assigned to give lectures 
on "Why is a fuselage." 

Private 1st Class Orbell, fam- 
ous gold-brick, has aroused 
suspicion by appearing each 
evening at 5 P. M. with grease 
on his hands. 

Pvts. Dimon and Dixon have 
been recommended for transfer 
to the Medical Corps for con 
servation of ink and sick-books. 

A four-act drama by Private 

Act One— 2:30 A. M. Guard Dis- 
chinger halts Officer of the Day. 
Act Two — Silence. More Silence. 
Act Three — Officer of the Day 
"Well, are you going to keep me 
at attention all night?" 
Act Four — Guard Dischinger 
"AT ease." 

Private William Aeronautics 
Hendrick, by the aid of his inter- l.icul. CAPRON 



^1 1 I I 

I I 



national almanac, can tell you the types of airplanes that 
will be used in the next war. 

Private R. Clarence Hogan and "Stub" Hamilton, in- 
separable now and forever, represent the Squ.idron at the 
New Braunsfels Mothers Club Meetings. 

Private Kerns, the wrecker of wings, has started a 
Squadron of his own, of which he is to be 
duty-sergeant for the rest of his life. 

Private Cahill, after trying to serve as a 
mud-scraper for the rear wheel of Sergeant 
Scott's "Bug" was caught in the act of lay- 
ing aside his crutches for Christmas and 
New Years Eve. 

"Speed-Demon" Kissinger has signed up 
as a mechanician for Sergeant "Mickie" 
Conners on the speedways for next year. 

Private Novak, backed up by a three- 
quarter vote of the Squadron, guarantees to 
grow hair on any smooth surface. 

Now that "Dare-devil Human-Fly" Rey- 
nolds has left the Squadron. "Pyrene 
Squeezer" Sarrazin, finds life lonely along 
the Squadron Street. 

Corporal Michael H. Prince, Jr., has com- 
pleted plans for an annex to the Mess-Hall 
to be used as a private dining room so 
that he may enjoy his late breakfasts in 

Pvt. Roy Hendrix, ex-shoe-wizard of Denver, has ap- 
plied for a patent on his Sunday morning inspection shoe- 

Private "Sweetie" Weeks, our beloved "down-town 
sergeant" has won distinction by bucking the entire Squad- 
ron when stag parties are suggested. 

Corporal C. Percival Rayner wonders why the hotel 
mezzanine floor lights in town burn after 12 o'clock. 

The balance of the Squadron 
is made up of no lesser lights but 
army paper-work is army paper- 

Place. Mess-Hall No. 30. Time. 
5:40 A. M. Back-ground, Army 
kitchen range 9S8 feet by 1263 
feet, kept hot by eighteen bucks 
of the wood detail. Scene, 519 
cooks and 1700 K Ps rush to and 
fro under the watchful eyes of 
assistant mess-sergeants Gaboon. 
Kantner. Law. Root, Bucking- 
ham and Verschoore. Batter for 
flap-jacks was being prepared by 
twelve concrete mixers and a 
steam shovel was removing the 
debris. Ten Kitchen Police with 
bacon rinds strapped to their 
shoes, were skating back and 
forth over the griddle and Cook 

Lieut. FLEET 

Lieut. HARUY 

Behan in charge of a trench-digger was transferring the 
cakes from the griddle to waiting Fords, which rushed the 
cakes to the tables. Enter Mess-Sergeant Wolf. After 
glancing over the scene, he mounts his trusty motor-cycle 
and riding around the Kitchen shouts his orders through 
a megaphone until chow is over. 

Lieut. Lightfoot acting in the capacity of 
Commanding Officer, S. O. and Adjutant, 
kept the Squadron runing as an essential 
link in the War ..lachine until December 8 
when Lieutenants Arthur A. Hardy. J. H. 
Gadbury. Marcus H. Cohen and Kenneth 
D. Brabson come to his assistance from 
the Cadet Wing. 

Although the 212th Squadron had men as- 
signed to everj' essential department of the 
Flying Department, fate finally decided that 
the work of the Squadron was finished and 
today. Monday. January 6th. 1919. Taps is 
sounding and the enlisted personnel have 
passed over into other organizations. Peace 
and quiet once more floats over the skeleton 
organization which is still known as the 
212th Aero Squadron. 


Serg'eants 1st Class — E>rouin. William J.. 

Peterson. Hendrick S., Schellenger. Davis W.. 

Scott. Lvie H., Waughtal, Samuel E. Zalabak. 

Frank. Serffeants — Allen, Samuel B.. Conners. 

Mitchell G.. Johnson, John A.. Lines, Floyd O., 
Reller. Walter H., Wolf, Theodore E. Corporals — Bonnette. 
Andrew G., Kaeter, John H., Pierce. Harold M., Prince. Michael 
H. Jr.. Rayner, Clifford P., Schweizer, George J. Chaoffenis 
1st Class — Santee, Charles R.. Thompson. Thomas H. Ciauf. 
feurs — Kaler, Roland W., Knighten, William F.. Lynn, Ray A., 
Mag.i'r.s, Grady M., Martin. Albert S., Osbahr, Herman C, 
Schmalzriedt, William H., Vandeventer. Leonard G., Wright. 
Carl. Cooks — Buckingham, Cloyd O., Cahoon. Orus W.. Kant- 
ner, Burnal C, Law, Thomas. Root. Clifford W.. Verschoore, 
Alois. Privates 1st Class — Cody. Robert M., Lipe, Julius J., 
McKee. Oscar R.. Olson. Henry Q., Orbell, Charles A.. Powers, 
John F.. Rein, Clarence E., White, Curtis C, Zettergren, 
Charles O. Privates — Batton. Frederick C. Behan. Joseph, 
Cahill, Edward J., Curtis. Dwight F.. Dimon. William L.. 
Dischinger. Frederick W., Dixon. Hoyt F., Dowdell, Vernon L.. 
Drury, Fred L., Duty. Clyde G., Ehrhart, Claude W., Fear. 
Lorin E., Fitzler. Frank, Grady, Lawrence R., Grauerholz, 
.\Ilen E.. Green, Arthur K., Green, Frank. Greenig. David T.. 
Gregeory. Thomas J., Grimes. Grady L.. Grindle, Oliver W.. 
Hamilton. Dixie G., Hamilton. Elmer E.. Hamilton. Street. 
Hamm, Alfred M.. Hammond, Vora S., Hanna. Arthur L.. 
Hardwick. Francis M.. Harkreader, Charles T.. Harmon. Har- 
vey A.. Harris. Clyde E.. Hazlett. Cecil C, Hedberg. Elmer 
P., Hedstrom, Carl L., Helfrich, George A., Helmlingcr, .\nton 
J.. Hendrick. William L.. Hendrix, Roy. Henry, Edward C, 
Herman, Gaylord. Herwig. William B.. Hillis. Bayard W., 
Hodgson, .Archie L.. Hogan, Richard C. Mogg. Ernest J., 
Holbert. George R.. Holliday. John H.. Holmsgaard. George, 
Holt, Allen J., Holswarth. William J.. Honn. Harry A.. Hub- 
bard. William R., Jacobsen, John, Jensen, Julius. Johnson. 
Harry E.. Kemrer. Edwin T., Kerns, Pearl A., King. John M., 
Kissinger, William J.. Lee. Louis B.. Leverson. Oscar B.. 
Menefee, Bonnie L., Miller. James L.. Novak. Andrew, Olson, 
.\rthur B.. Parrish, Murton C, Robords. John M.. Rodgers, 
Daniel W.. Sarrazin. Joseph E., Smith. Carl M., Sullivan. 
George L, Switzer. Leon F., Weeks. LeRov, Wertin. Mathias. 
Wiernian, Willis R.. Wirick, Earl L., Withers. Clay J- 
Wolzinger, Dave, Wright, John B. 



HE 322nd Aero Squadron was organized February 
20. 1918, in Kelly Field No. 1, by C. A. Marone, 2nd 

Lieut. A. S. S. C, who appointed the following men 

on his administrative staff: 

Sgt. Ist Class Clarence L. Woodworth, Sergeant Major; 
Sgt. 1st Class Robert Berven, Supply Sergeant; Sgt. 1st 
Class Jesse E. Richardson, Mess Sergeant. 

At that time the enlisted personnel of the .squadron 
was made up of men on special duty with the Post Military 
Police and Post Signal Officer. On June 20th the squadron 
was reorganized, all the members with the exception of 
the administrative staff being transferred to other organi- 
zations in the Field, and with the administrative staff 
as a nucleus, moved to Kelly Field No. 2, where it was 
brought to full war strength by the addition of men from 
other organizations in the Flying Department. The Dual 
Stage of Flying, later known as Flight No. 2, was assigned 
to the squadron, and the men have made a great record 
tor themselves by their interest and hard work in main- 
taining the high standard of efficiency which is required 
of them in the discharge of their duties on that Stage. 

A number of changes in Officers were made in this 
organization since It w'as transferred to the Flying Depart- 
ment. Lieut. C. A. Marone was relieved of command on 
August 1st, and was succeeded by Lieut. A. W. Johnson, 
who, when transferred to a port of embarkation, was 
succeeded by Lieut. Paul A. Smith, the present squadron 
commander. Lieutenants H. G. Davis, J. H. Greenwood, 
G. H. Russ, D. A. Brown and C. E. Brasher, have been 
connected with the organization in various capacities dur- 
ing the summer and fall of 1918. 

Two members of the squadron died during the In- 
fluenza epidemic, Pvt. Alfred A. Harwood of Steubenville, 
Ohio, on October 18th, and Pvt. Gaston J. Cook, of Jack- 
sonville, Texas, on December 13th. Both men were of the 
highest character, and their deaths were distinct losses to 
the service. 

The 322nd Aero Squadron has been extremely forunate 
in having officers of high ability and good judgment, who 
have been at all times in perfect harmony with their men, 
and there has always been a feeling of deep regret at their 
loss through transfer. 


Albright, .lolni .1.. .\ltman, Georgu \V., Andci-soii, .Xugiist 
B., Balmes, Albert, Batson, Eugene M., Beckman. Arthur .1., 
Beggs, Philip J.. Bell, Leslie G., Benson, Bert, Borie. Benianl 
S., BoyO, Perr.v E., Burkant, John E., Bush, Edward S., Christ- 
offersen, Arvid H., Clements, Ernest W., Clement. Thomas K. 
Cole, Alfred O., Cole, William J., Cook, George C Collins, 
Samuel W., Comerford, Harr.v G., Compton, Dewey H., Con- 
nell. Daniel O., Conrow, Fred C, Cooley, James T., Cornell, 
Harold C, Craven, Otto C, Cromer, Herbert E., Crosby, Arcliie, 
t'ullar, James, CuUvell, Walter E., Curtis, Jesse P., Danford, 
Victor A.. Depew, Fay E., Davidson, Gerald C, Davis, Albert 
H., Davis, Ross F., Dennis, Artist L., Dillon, Delbert, Dishon, 
Osa T., Doherty, Jacob M., Doman, Harry B., Douglierly, 
Fred O., Doles, Earl M., Draugon, Homer W., Eagles, Chester 
M., Elliott, Roy E., English, George W. Jr., Evans, Allen B., 
Glasspoole, Harold D., Griffin, Walter A., Harwood, John 
W., Hodgman, Oscar M.. Hoshor, John J., Isaacs, Louis, Jen- 
kins, James H., Keller, Leroy G., Kennelly, Joseph T., Kind- 
gren, Carl A., Lapham, Stanton C. Jr., Libert, Edward R., 
Lippert, Earl E., Little, Leo J., Lyon, Harold D., McCormack, 
George H., Mason, Merle H., Matson, William, Mertens, 
Arthur J., Moffat, Samuel R., Morehouse, Herman, Noyes, 
Fred E., Olson, Andrew Overman, Herbert C, Parker, Charley 
F., Peacock, Grafton H., Polen, Samuel, Randall, Leslie E., 
Riggins, Walter A., Rine, Albert, Rodgers, George W., 
Sargent, David J., Schaetzle, Stephen F., Schneider, Gus, 
Sebook, William J., Schulz, Arthur, Sheridan, RoHin S., Simon, 
Frank, Simpson, Clark, St.auffer, Horace A„ Swart, Frank, 
Tracy, Walter E., Utter, Harvey H., Weeks, David C, Welch, 
Reuben S., Wilkins, Charles L., Williams, Norman A., Witmer, 
Robert T., Wood, Arthur C. 


Paul A. Smith, 1st Lieut. A. S. (M. A.) was assigned to 
the 322nd Aero Squadron October 1, 191S. He was commis- 
sioned in November, 1917. He received his ground school 
training at Austin, Texas, and finished his flying training 
at Kelly Field. His home is at Miami, Fla. 

Howard G. Davis. 2nd Lieut. A. S. S. C. was assigned to 
the 322nd Aero Squadron on June 20, 1918, and continued in 
that capacity until November 1, 191S, when he received 
overseas orders. The signing of the armistice prevented 
him from seeing duty in France, however. 

Lieut. Davis' home is at Boston, Mass., and he entered 
the service from that city last February, going to Columbus, 
Ohio, to the Officer's Training School at that place. He re- 
ceived his commission May 11th, and arrived at Kelly Field 
for duty May 20th. 

Donald A. Brown. Lieut. A. S. A., was assigned to the 
organization December 4, 1918. Lieut. Brown received his 
commission shortly l.)efore the signing of the armistice. He 
attended the S. M. A. at the University of Illinois. His home 
is at Long Branch, N. J. 





N THE 7th of April. 1917, only 18 hours after the 
L'nited States of America declared war against the 
Imperial German Government. Cuba, the Island Re- 
public, followed the same course and also went on recorii 
as unalterably opposed to the dictates and methods of the 
Hun. Although Cuba was not at that time capable of 
participating actively in the fighting to a very great ex- 
tent, nevertheless the service which she has been able to 
render America and the Allied nations has not been incon- 

Immediately after it had declared war. the Cuban 
Government siezed all German ships in Cuban harbors 
and turned them over to the United States to be used as 
transports in conveying our boys to France. The vessels 
were gratefully accepted and are still being used by this 
Government. Following again in the steps of her pro- 
tector, conscription was established, and all men between 
the ages of 21 and 28 years were obliged to enter the Cuban 

Although the United States and the Allies suffered to 
a slight extent during the war on account of a lack of 
sufficient sugar, if Cuba had not come to the fore and 
devoted unusual energies to the production and refining 
of enormous quantities of this product, the famine would 
have been much more pronounced. During the period of 

the shortage this little nation shipped to its co-belligerants 
more than three million tons of the refined product. 
Alcohol, iron ore. copper, asphalt, woods and other 
products were also furnished in great quantities. The 
Cuban Branch of the Red Cross has worked valiantly and 
has sent through America several millions of dollars to 
stricken France and Belgium. 

Among the many Cubans who saw active service with 
the American Forces and the French Foreign Legion must 
be counted Captain Terry, who fought for three and a half 
years with the French Aviation Corps. During that time 
he won three war crosses for distinguished service. Capt. 
Terry is at present in Kelly Field, in charge of the detach- 
ment of thirty Cubans who are receiving instruction here 
in Aviation as the guests of the United States Government. 
The men arrived here on September 6th. 1918. and their 
prospects were early service in France, but the signing of 
the Armistice shattered their dreams and now they are 
preparing to return to Cuba when their training is finished. 
The detachment here comprises 4 officers. 13 sergeants. 
11 corporals and 3 privates. They are loud in their praise 
of America's friendship for Cuba, and say that Cuba de- 
sires no higher honor than to be permitted to express its 
gratitude by any assistance it may now render. 

1 v^^^^-^i^ ^T- 


Cuban Officers 




ME month of October. 1917. 
kiipw no such organi 

1 zation as a Cadet Wiii. 

Acadtmic School in this Field 
Major J. n. Rudolph at that time 
was aiitliorized to in.stall a 
Ground Department for the pui 
pose of sivins the student pili)l 
a knowledsp of Engini erin,;;. 
Radio and Machine Gunnel. v 
sufficient to warrant advanci (! 
trainin,s in these subjects, tha' 
he mi,s;ht be made an efficient 
fighting unit in the magnificeiii 
army of Uncle Sam. 

To ass-ist him in tliis purpo.'-i 
Major Iiudolph had one enlist rd 
man. M.S.E. J. C. Tuncl<. wli.i 
acted in the capacity of Fir>i 
Sergeant. Company Commandi i , 
Instructor. Disciplinarian, eh 
The latter was succeeded in tlii^ 
pretentious capacity by Sergeani 
Charles K. Dunlop. 

About a month later Major E. L. Hoffman 
was made Commanding Officer. Cadet De 
tachment. and he was almost immediately 
relieved by Lieut. John W. Frewer. Lieut. 
Frewer, afterwards, was designated as Offi- 
cer in Charge of Photographic Work in this 
School, which work was entirely distinct 
from the normal course of studies. 

Major Rudolph, considered one of tli" 
Army experts in small arms, devoted his at- 
tention to instruction in machine guns, his 
one Lewis gun doing yeoman duty toward 
this end. This department erected a single 
track at a fair distance from the flying field. 
and each cadet was given his opportunity 
of firing a few rounds on this range. It was 
tedious work for the prectptor and the cadet, 
and if the student-pilot were fortunate 
enou.uh to pull the trigger of the machine 
twice during the course of his instruction it 
was considered the acme of success. 

Major Rudolpli. considered one of the Army experts 
in small arms, devoted his attention to instruction in 
machine guns, his one Lewis gun doing yeoman duty to- 
ward this end. This department erected a single track 
at a fair distance from the flying field, and each cadet was 
given his opportunity of firing a few rounds on this range. 
It was tedious work for the preceptor and the cadet, and 
if the student-pilot were fortunate enough to pull the 
trigger of the macliine twice during the course of his in- 
struction it was considered the acme of success. 

It was e>irly recognized that progress cotild not he 
made under these conditions, and soon Major Rudolph 
was happy to add to his equipment some ten Lewis guns 
and one Marlin. With this additional equipment it neces- 
sarily followed that an increase in the staff of instructors 
was imperative. About this time. December 1st. 1917, 
the Cadet School Detachment received assistance in the 
person of three commissioned officers, one of these 


Capt. H. V. HAND 




c;aui-,t wing siaH' 
fortunately experienced in machine gunnery. With his 
assistance several ranges were built, and eventually the 
equipment enlarged until all types of machine guns now 
in use in the United States Army were presented for the 
instruction of Uncle Sam's airmen. 

By degrees the department was enlarged until, about 
.•\pril 15, 1918, it possessed three commissioned officers 
and some fourteen enlisted men as instructors. The 
growth of this department has been steady and marked 
until at the present time, under the leadership of Lieut. 
John Y. York, it may be claimed that a more highly 
efficient course of instruction in the handling of small 
arms cannot be found. 


Possibly the most popular department of the Cadet 
Wing is the Enginering Department. The aeronautical 
engine is one of the most necessary features of instruction 
ic air pilots. Without a thoro, comprehesive knowledge 
of his motor the pilot is absolutely at sea in the air. Be- 
ing of a purely technical nature, instruction in aero- 
nautical motors is probably one of the most difficult. 

In November. 1917. one non-commissioned officer and 
one private soldiei' undertook the instruction of student- 
pilots in the theory of construction of and the difficulties 
to be met with in aeronautical motors. Their equipment 
consisted entirely of their own gray matter, one 2%' by 4' 
blackboard and a box of crayons. Equipment for practica' 
instruction in this subject was not available until Feb- 
ruary. 1918. The Cadet School was fortuate enough at this, 
lime to secure three or four antiquated, worn out and 
otherwise ureless motors. To the lecture course was now 
added the dismantling and assembling of motors. 

The results of this addition were so startling that the 
request was made and granted for the construction of a 
scries of motor blocks, and on these were installed one or 
two of the aforementioned motors. The instructors then 
set themselves to work making parts that were missing 
and refitting parts that were worn out. until it was possible 
to so run these motors that the cadet might experience the 
difficulties presented by an aeronautical motor in oper- 



The Engine Division of tlie Cadet Wing now ex- 
perienced tiie addition of a commissioned officer, and iiis 
influence added to their meagre CQuipment several motors 
in running condition, thus giving a rather complete course 
in aeronautical motors. 

In August. 1918. the Airplane Division and the Engine 
Division were combined under one head, known as the 
Engineering Department, under the command of Lieut. 
Armand V. E. Smith. 

From that time until the pre.?ent this highly technical 
instruction has successfully progressed to a point of 
efficiency that has been copied by the English Army, the 
French and the Italian. 

In order that the instruction in engineering be made 
thoroughly comprehensible to the student it has been 
necessary, from time to time, to construct different charts, 
diagrams and drawings of all kinds. To accomplish this 
a drafting room was maintained in conjunction with the 
Engineering Department, under the supervision of Ser- 
geant Jo.=eph F. Cosek. Countless numbers of such 
diagrams have been turned out for the edification of the 


In April, 1918. the Radio Department of the Cadet 
Wing School consisted of two buzzer sets, and one private 
soldier as an instructor. Lieut. Kerrigan M. Manookiu 
was at this time placed in charge of radio instruction. 
.\11 types of radio equipment were installed, and under 
Lieut. Manookin's supervision a radio station was es- 
tablished at this School which put the Field into com 
munication with all parts of the country. It has been said 
on good authority that a more thoro school of radio tele- 
graphy is not known in this country. 

Instruction in radio telegraphy will be recognized as 
one of the most necessary courses to be given to student- 
pilots, for without his means of liaison the pilot is of little 
avail to the different branches of an attacking or defend- 
ing force. 


Until May, 1918, little or no attention was paid to the 
practice of aerial observation and map making. When .d 
pilot is on duty, having become thoroughly familiar with 
the mechanism of his machine and proficient in the art 
of communication with his base, there still remains a 
momentous duty for him. Lieut. James W. Rader took it 
upon himself in May, 1918, to train the student-pilots at 
Kelly Field in this art. With the assistance of three highly 
efficient non-commissioned officers Lieutenant Rader con- 
structed a large map. 20 feet by 40, on which was portrayed 
a sector at the battle front. Distances were figured out to 
a nicety, and the student-pilot was thus given his chanct 
to observe the results of artillery fire. 

This fire was conducted thru the medium of shifting 
electric lights, of which there were a vast number, and 
before being declared a proficient observer the student 
was required to tell on this map the exact distance artillery 
fire would fall short or over, and he was not passed in 
this course until his observation would bring the fire 
from his artilUry to the exact location required, 


There remains another phase of observation which 
depends, not upon the eye of the observer but upon the 
lens of the camera. Lieut. John W. Frewer organized a 
department in this school which dealt with photographic 
observation. He was successful in obtaining the necessary 
equipment from Washington which would permit pictures 
being taken from the air and next classified. 

It was later found that this department could be put 
to another use, namely the training of men in the reading 
of photographic observation, and under Lieut. H. 0. 
O'Connell this department has been very highly organized, 
so that photographic maps of this immediate country have 
been completed and so arranged that students may be 
taught the very fine points to be found in aerial photo- 




Coupltd to all the courses of technical instruction 
which a cadet must acquire there is need of a means of 
communicating thru military channels and the keeping 
of records military. 

To accomplish this end the student-pilot has beefi 
given a course in military paperwork. Lieut. Leo. J. 
Pardee and Sergeant Ralph N. Barry have been responsible 
for the instruction in this work to the student-pilot, and 
it is a fact thai any pilot graduated from this School has 
been thoroughly in possession of the knowledge necessary 
to correspond in a military manner, to keep squadron 
records and all accounts. 


After some experience on the Front it was found that 
all nun in the United Statts Army, be they field men or 
pilots, would at some time in their career find a necessity 
for the use of the gasmask. There were numerous oc- 
casions when gas waves extended back as far as the air- 

Gas bombs, in many instances, were dropped from 
enemy aircraft, and in order to become proficient in the 
use of gasmasks the siudent-pilot at this school was taught 
the handling of this protection by Lieut. Louis It. Sanders. 


The effects of worry and distraction upon a man's 
vitality and mentality, occasioned by his hazardous under- 
takings in the air, must be observed and corrected. 

That the health of the student-pilot might be kept at 
the best a Flight Surgeon was found necessary. Major 
Charles W, Kollock, Captain Martin H, Urner and Lieut, 
Charles E, Holgate, medical officers, were attached to this 
School for that purpose, and with the assistance of athletic 
officers in the persons of Lieuts, L. H, Field and J. L, 
MacDonald it is safe to say that superior health among 
student-pilots is not known at any field in this country. 


The physical end of the cadet's health must have its 
attention as well as his mental development. That this 
be given the proper care Lieut, H, G. Soule has acted, 
during the entire history of the Cadet Wing, in the capacity 
of Supply and Mess Officer. The messing of from 500 to 
1000 cadets presents some very serious difficulties. It can 
be said that these troubles have been successfully met and 
overcome by this officer, and in such a manner as to 
give the Cadet Mess Hall the highest reputation known 
on Kelly Field, 

The Headquarters staff of the Cadet Wing Detachment 
has known several changes. It had its foundation in 
Major J. H, Rudolph, who took command approximately 
on October 1st, 1917, On December 10th Major Jack 
Heard was assigned as Commanding Officer. He had as 
his assistants Lieut. J. S. Kritser and Lieut, John W. 
Davis, On the 19th of January Lieut. Davis was relieved 
as Adjutant and Lieut. Kritser assigned to that position. 
On the 28th of January .Major Heard was put in command 
of the Flying Department of the Field, and Lieut. Kritser 
was Acting Commanding Officer of the Cadet Wing, 

Captain Dana Parmer was assigned as Commanding 
Officer of the Wing on the 28th day of February, 1918, 
with Lieut. KritSfr as his Adjutant. This personnel con- 
tinued until April 9th, at which time Lieut. Kritser was re- 
assigned as Commanding Officer, which office he filled 
until July 16th, when Major L, G, Heffernan took com- 

A few days later, July 20th, Major George W, Krapf 
relieved Major Heffernan and appointed Lieut. Chester H. 
Warlow as his Adjutant. The conduct of the School con- 
tinued under this regime until November 11, 1918, when 
.Major Krapf was transferred to the Balloon Detachment, 
United States Army, and the command of the Cadet Wing 
Detachment was given to Lieut, Thomas F, Murcheson 
with Lieut, Ernest G, Thornton as Adjutant, both serving 
at the present date. 



lOBABLY the largest picnic ever held in Army circles 
« as tendered the men of Kelly Field Engineering 
Department on Sunday, May 26th, 1918, when l,5So 
officers and enlisted men journeyed in over 100 Army 
trucks to Medina Lake, about 50 miles northwest of Kelly 
Field. The cavalcade of trucks left Kelly about 5 o'clock 
in the morning and formed a procession about three miles 
in length. Beside the trucks fitted up for passenger 
carrying were repair trucks, gasoline tank trucks, an 
ambulance and trucks loaded with supplies and provisions. 
The lake was reached about noon and' after an immense 
picnic dinner, which all thoroughly enjoyed after their 
long, hot, dusty ride over the rough roads, an athletic 
program and other sports and amusements of all kinds 
were engaged in until evening announced that :* was time 
to begin the return trip. 

I Photos by Lee 


An idea of the immensity of the picnic may be gained 
by the fact that the following supplies were CGnsum<>d; 
250 gallons of Coca Cola. 250 gallons of Tango, 250 gallons 
of ice cream, 700 loaves of bread. 200 hams. 100 heads of 
cheese. 2 barrels of pickles, 10 crates of lettuce and an 
unlimited supply of coffee. 

It was after 9 o'clock when the trucks again returned 
to the city, and the town was enlivened for a considerable 
length of time by the shouts of the tired but happy so- 
journers. The Field was reached and the trip ended about 
10 : 30 p. m. Major Decker was in charge of the arrange- 
ments and no more universal approbation of his man- 
agement could be obtained than the unlimited comments 
of approval and satisfaction heard from the men them- 



Flu Wjrd 


Saiti Ddilji* 
ever J 3 ht-5 

Doi>:J>llrs tiCCPjlJi 





Akeis. Williatn S.. Alexander. Harry K.. Allen. .lames C. 
Allen. Phillip M.. Ansell. Robert C. .\tkinson. Kalpli S.. Aniil. 
Charles. Uailey. Maurice G., Barnes, Nevin C. Rass, Lowell I.. 
Becker. Paul M., Beeland. Harry D., Bell, Merton. Bellas, 
Quentin D., Bennett, William N., Benson, Harry E.. Benson. 
Kennith R.. Birmingham. Francis T.. Bomfin. Annihal E.. 
Bostick. Richard .1.. Boston. Harry H.. Bowers, George H.. 
Boyd. Thomas H.. Bradley, Arthur T., Bradley, Herbert N.. 
Brasner, Jesse R., Branner. Samuel, Brigham, Roger \\'.. 
Brooks. William C, Broun. FlemminK D., Brown. Frank A.. 
Bryan. Willard V'., Bryant, Francis 1>.. Buck. Parker D.. Buck- 
ley. Henry W.. Caldwell. Alexander W.. Campbell. Roscoe W.. 
Campbell. Thomas H.. Canady. Xicholas. Carboe. Gwin W.. 
Carlson. Archie H.. Carmichael, Edwin G.. Carneal. fharle.s W., 
Carter, John II., Cary, Arthur P., Chidester. Murray B., 
Clabaugh. Uelwin B., Clark. Lester J.. Clarke. Lloyd H., Clay- 
ton. Geo. D. Jr., Clem, Ray. Clinch, Nicholas B. Jr., Coffin, 
Henry. Coffman. Wesley R., Collat, Siena B., Collyer, Charles 

B. D., Comb.s, George K., Conway, Bernard A.. Cook, Edwin C, 
Cooley, Charles E., Cooper, Claude F., Cornelius. Clinton C. 
Cornwall. Frederick R.. Cotner. Wilbur C. Council, John S.. 
Coveney, Lawrence G., Cowan, Andrew M., Cox. Sam J.. 
Crehan, Mark H, .Ir.. Crimmin, Royce B., Cummings, Charles 
M.. Cunliff. William H.. Dale. Martin B.. Dally. Ovid L.. 
Dargan. William H.. Davidson. Warren C. Davis. Richard B., 
Davis, Russel L.. Davis. William R., DeLange, Rodney L.. 
Demoville, John F.. Dill. John G.. Doering. Henry G.. Dubey. 
Wallace J., Duke, Spotswood J.. DuMoe. Joseph l'"".. Egbert. 
George W., Emery. Waldo D., Evans, Noel B., Ewald, Eldo li., 
Feldmeyer, Richard L., Ferguson. Claude E.. Ferguson, Willis 
G.. Finkenstaedt. Robert L.. Follet. Paul B., Forbes. Joseph L.. 
I'^oster. Francis W.. I'Vey, Robert M.. Gallacher. Cyril 1.. 
Carrigus, Woodford M.. Garrison. Elmer H.. Garrison. Joseph 
S. Jr.. Garvin. Luke V.. Gascoigne. Ransom H.. Oellatly. Lester 
L.. Gibbons, John S.. Gibson, Alexander H., Gillis. William H., 
Gilnagh, Lawrence J., Goff, Edgar Allen, Jr., Grace, William 
H.. Gravenkemper, Henry F., Graves. Harold E.. Gray. Irvin 10,. 
Gregor. William G.. Gresham, Alvin E., GulHckson, Arthur M,, 
Gusdorff, Sylvan. Hagney. William J.. Hales. James L.. Hall. 
Ulmont R.. Hannah. George I.. Hannon. .lames .T., Harley, 
Charles W., Harmon, Gains E., Harris, Charles R., Harrison, 
Archibald C, Harrison, Blair, Hartman, John M., Harvey, 
.lack D., Hause. Neal R., Hawle.v, Willis M.. Hearshmen, 
Halsey L., Hebert, Gilbert A.. Henderson, Arthur B., Hender- 
son, George C, Herman, l'"red W.. Hetsch. Justus K., Hetzel. 
Ralph F., Hill, George W.. Hill. Robert L.. Hill. Warren R., 
Hilliard, William R., llindley, Edwaril R.. Hines, Paul S.. Hinz, 
William R., Honey, -Mbert E., Hoops, Jolin W., Hooven. Walter 

C. Mough. Walter 1!.. Ilouser. William D.. Houston. Walter S.. 
Houtz. Harold A., Hubbard, Clyde W., Hudson, James R., 
Hunter, Miles li.. Hunter, Orson H., Hutchinson, George W.. 
Irvin. Leon P., Jacobs, Henry L., Jacobson, John E.. Jenkins. 
Kneelaiid. Jensen, Jack J., Jess, Morris H.. Jensson, William 
A.. Johnson. Sherratt M.. Jones. Russell S.. Kalman. Harry. 
Keisker. Charles W.. Keller, John H.. Kelley, Junious B.. 
Kelly, James F., Killian. Edward K.. King. Benjamin H.. King. 
David J., Knight, Frank Jr., Kniglit, Wilbur C, Kollie, L. F.. 

Kyle. Thomas R., Lane, Dan G., Latham, Ector li., Jr.. Lawson, 
Roy E.. Leary, James B„ Lee, Alfred M., Lee, Robert M., 
Lester. Edward R., Ligon, Walter J., Lockhart, Ezra L., Logan, 
John A., Lohr. Edwin E., Longshore, Leslie C, Lott. Egbert 
P., Lundin, Guy M., Lvirton, Noble. Lyon. W^illiam K., Mac- 
Gregor, .Arthur S.. Mahoney. James J., Malloy, Archie R.. 
Mamer, Nicholas B., Marr. Ro.v T.. Martin, William L., Mason. 
.\iigust H., Massie. Joseph P., Mat hew, Theodore, Maurer, 
Krwin E., McBeth. John S., McCullongh. Leo J., McFarland. 
.loseph R.. McShane. Charles L., Meincke. Kurt H., Mellem. 
Conrad. Melville, James, Merino, Emilio E., Merritt, Clark C, 
Merritt, Harold W., Merrill, Paul P., Messinger. Theodore F., 
Mllstead, Andrew J.. Mitchell, Wade R.. Moller, Joseph A., 
Moore, Downie W., Moore, Eugene H., Moore. James M.. Moore. 
Morgan. Morgan, Arthur W.. Morgan, Ellis H., Morrison, 
Arnold G.. Mower, Charles E., Moyer, Walter S.. Mumma. 
Donald K.. Machtrab, Lawrence J., Nagle. Robert A., Nicholls, 
Samuel S.. Nokken. Roy H., Norton, Tell. Odell, Donald A., 
(ihrbeck, Joseph E., O'Keefe, Eugene, Oldham, Henry C, 
Oliver. Lockwood. O'MalUy. Charles H.. O'Neill. Edward M.. 
Orris. Elwyn B., Palmer. Julian P., Paradis, Emilc E., Parker, 
lOdward A., Paulson, Enoch O., Pearce, Caspian M., Perry. 
Walter H.. Peterson, Richard A.. Pitts, Louis D., Poller, Louis 
B., price. .Mexander J., Purcell, Charles L,. Raisky, Hubert B.. 
Ramaker. Harvey J., Redman, James T.. Rees, John B.. Reeves. 
William F., Regan, Maurice J., Rensch, Joseph R.. Rliodes. 
lOrnest C, Rice, Verner J.. Richardson. Noble N., Rickett?, 
Stanley P., Ries, Edward J.. Roberts. Vernon L., Robinson. 
Charles J.. Rogers. Culver C, Romane, Frank L., Ronan, 
Kennith N., Rothrock, George L.. Rowland, Leon G., Roy. 
IMarence II.. Ruble, LaVern W.. Rudd. James H., Rumage, 
George V., Saari, Hans. Savage, William S.. Sawyer, George 
A.. .Sayer, Harold W.. Schirm. Raymond J., Schoern, Edward C, 
.Schroeder, Frederick H.. Schubach, Stanley M., Seeley, 
Benjamin K.. Sexton. Vincent. Sharpe, Walter H., Shaw, 
Chfules L.. Shaw. David H., Sheaff, Robert P., Sheldon, Roy V.. 
.-Shepherd. Abram L., Shields, Geo. M.. Simmons, James M., 
Skouras, Spyros. Sleeman, Walter R.. Sloan. Homer H.. Sloan. 
Richard O., Smith, Chester, Smith, Edwin C, Smith, Fred C... 
Smith. Junius B.. Solenberger, Duncan M., Spence, Percival W., 
Stansfield. James E.. Starbuck. Arthur D,, Stilwell, Stuart F., 
Stinson. Edgar C, Stitt, John A., Slowell. Archie A„ Stroup, 
Benjamin R.. Stuart, Donald H., Suhre, Rudolph W.. Sunder- 
land. Dean P., Swanson. Ralph A., Sylvester, Lloyd W., Taylor. 
Hamilton D.. Taylor, Yamis H., Teter, Paul E., Tewhill, 
William F., Thomas, Royal B.. Thomas, William M.. Thomj)- 
son. Alfred E.. Thompson, Lloyd G., Thompson, Peter M.. 
Tolar, John R. 3rd. Tucker, Perry C. Turner, William A., 
Vance. Lederiech S., Vancura, Joseph F.. Vilas, Edward P., 
VonStein, Louis R., Vorhees. Ralph C, Wadleigh. James H., 
Wagner. Robert B., Walker. Hall. Walker, Harold, Wallick, 
Gerald R.. Walling. Norman R., Wanser, Roy, Warren, Arthur, 
Wassel, Charles R.. Wells. Wilbur J.. Whittlesey. Robin A.. 
Williams, Gardner, Wilson. William S. .)r.. Wilton. Louis, Wise, 
Charles A., Wooil. John P... Yost. Jacob V.. Younger, Jack R.. 
Y'oxtheimer, Milo v. 


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CADEl UtlACllMliiM 




r^^ HE AVIATION CLUB of Kelly Field began operations 
lU H on December 20tb, 1917. It is the pioneer organi- 
|KJ| zation of its kind, being composed of the entire com- 
missioned personnel of the Field. Its central location in 
the Flying Department, as well as its beautifully appointed 
social and mess room.?, make it the popular meeting-place 
of the officers and ladies. 

Much of the success of this most unique of organi- 
zations belongs to Lieut. Frank Cavender, who in civil life 
was a manager and steward of one of the largest hostelries 
of the west. He designed a set of interior hangings and 
settees, had the floor taken up and a new one of maple laid. 
Pullman seats and fireplace decorations were next installed 
and as a final culmination, a system of indirect lighting 
was initiated. The result far exceeded the fondest ex- 

The club now has one of the finest dance floors in the 
South and the interior can be compared with those of the 
best clubrooms. Every Friday night, the famous Friday 

Night Dances are held at the club, and they are allended 
by the most prominent of San Antonio's Society. 

On July 3rd. 1918, the formal opening to the general 
public was held. This was the occasion of the now-famous 
"Italian Fete" held in honor of our Italian Allies. This 
was a costume dance and has since been surpassed by no 
other affair in San Antonio. 

The club has been the scene of many conferences and 
meetings of exceedingly military importance. It is the 
show-place of the Field and has elicited favorable ccmment 
from the many visiting foreign officers who have visited. 

The mess is held in the same building and the restful 
appointments are pleasing surroundings to the many fre 
quent dinner parties held. The facilities for enjoyment 
are many. 

Kelly Field is proud of its Aviation Club which holds 
the enviable record of not having a delinquent member on 
its lists. 



Entered S. M. A. at Berkeley, Cal.. May 21, 1917. 
tiraduated July 13th Received primary training at Rockwell 
Field. Completed R. M. A. September 26, 1917. Reported 
at Kelly Field October 14, 1917. On duty at this field as 
Dual Instructor. 0. 1. C. Primary Solo Field, and Ass't. 
0. I. C. Flying, which latter position he now holds. 


Enlisted for First Officers' Training Camp, at Fort 
Oglethorpe. Ga.. March 27. 1917. Transferred to Aviation 
Section. Signal Corps. July 4, 1917. Attended S. M. A. 
at Georgia Tech.. Atlanta. Georgia, and graduated in Sixth 
Squadron. Sent to Flying School at Essington. Pa., where 
he took first training on Flying Boats. Sent to Kelly Field. 
November 7. 1917. comi)leting training here. 

Assigned as Assistant Officer in Charge Advanced Cioss 
Country Stage, May 4. 1918. Organized Formation Stage, 
June 7. 1918. and acted as Stage Commander of that Stage 
until December 16. 1918, when became Adjutant to the 
Officer in Charge of Flying. 




•-**'■•/ MflJ.Otn.CROZIER. 


PRIMARY '•&■• 



ai6HT SUR&EOn 




FLIGHT /yo 7 






| g-j | LIGHT No. 1 is better known to tlie "old timers" of 
ly Kelly Field as the Accuracy Stage. This flight has 
IfcJl had an old history. It was first instituted by 
Captain Hoy Francis, a veteran in the Aviation game. His 
theory was that if a man could fly accurately close to the 
ground, he would be able to fly with credit at higher 
altitudes. At the time that Captain Francis started the 
stage it was a part of the Instructors School course, 

Lieut. John Burton was the officer to succeed Captain 
Francis, and it was due to his efforts that many of Kelly 
Field's best Instructors were trained. 

About this time in the history of the .stage Brooks Field 
became the official traininK station for Instructors, so that 
the training of Instructors at Kelly Field was discontinued. 
However, under the supervision of Lieut. C. M. Larsen. 
who was the next officer in charge. R. M. A.s who had 
finished their Primary Training were given higher instruc- 
tion and so became more accurate flyers. 

When the Gosport System was inaugurated at Kelly 
Field, the Stage was changed in name from Accuracy Stage 
to Flight No. 1. Lieut. E. O. Berger was assigned as Flight 
Commander. The Flight is carrying on about tlie same type 
of work. 

Lieut. Berger. with the sanction of the Flying Depart- 
ment, hopes to extend the instruction and the Flight looks 
foward to a bright future. 


Flight .No. 2 was the first Gosport Flight organized at 
Kelly Field. It began at Hangars 11 and 12 November 11, 
191S. All the students assigned for instruction were officers 
who began to see the added advantage that a pair of wings 
would give them and who transferred from the various 
branches of the service for the mutual betterment of them- 
selves and the Air Service. 

In the Gosport Flight at Kelly Field, the student takes 
all of his primary training with the exception of cross- 
country work and formation flying. This primary train- 
ing begins with flying straight and level and ends with 
acrobatic flying. This covers about forty hours of in- 
struction with an expert instructor, who is a graduate of 
a Gosport School for Instructors, Then the student is ready 
for his first check ride, and this with the flight commander 
of his flight. 

Flight two, as all other flights, boasts of having the 
best instructors on the field. The personnel of the in- 
structors is as follows: Lieut. Harris C. Roberts, Flight 
Commander, Lieut. Charles A. Likins. Assistant Flight 
Commander, Lieut. James H. Fields. Lieut. P, 0, Johnson, 
Lieut. Hez McClellan. Lieut. Raymond C. Lewis, Lieut. 
Warren R. Carter, Lieut. Stanton Weissenborn, and Lieut. 
Ernest Allison, 


Flight No. 3. flying from Hangars 13 and 14, was 
organized on January 3rd, 1919, for the purpose of teaching 
the Gosport, or all — through system, which was formerly 
originated and taught at Brooks Field. This system is 
being used throughout the country at present, and has 
proven most efficient in schooling cadets in the art of clever 

The instructors are all Brooks Field graduates, having 
taken the course after completing ground school and 
primary training at the following places: 

Lieut, B, E, Gates, Urbana, 111., Love Field, Dallas 
Texas: Lieut. A. B. Wise, Berkeley, Cal., Mathers Field. 
Sacramento, Cal.: Lieut. McClain, Berkeley. Cal., Mathers 
Field, Sacramento, Cal.; Lieut. Byrne, Berkeley, Cal.. Kelly 
Field, San .\ntonio, Texas; Lieut. Stoeckle. .\ustin. Texas, 
Kelly Field, San .\ntonio, Texas; Lieut. Page. Cambridge, 
Mass, Love Field. Dallas, Texas; Lieut. Pagley, Austin, 
Texas, Wilbur Wright Field, Dayton, Ohio. 

Flight No. 3 consists of the following personnel: 
Eight instructors, forty cadets, ten ships and Flight Com- 

In No. 3 picture, reading from left to right, are the 

lieutenants Charles H. Dundore, Walter A, Byrne, Albert 
L, WacClaiu, Willjer M. Fagley, Henry L. Page, Thos. F, Kane, 
B, E, Gates, Cliarles H. Sloeckle, Anilreil Boyd Wise, 


Flight No, 4 flies from Hangar No. 15. This flight has 
35 cadets and 8 instructors.. 

LIEUT. F. A. BARBER: Received primary training 
at Rich Field, Waco, Tex, Instructor at Rich Field until 
sent to Brooks Field for Gosport Instruction, Also in- 
structor at Brooks Field, Came to Kelly Field with about 
250 hours' credit, 

LIEUT, P. H. NIBLACK: Primary training received 
at Rockwell Field, San Diego, Cal. Sent to Camp Dick, 
Dallas. Texas. From there transferred to Brooks Field to 
take the Instructors course. Spent several months in Scott 
Field, 111., as an instructor. From there went to Garden 
City; thence to Eberts Field, Arkansas. Came to Kelly 
Field with about 350 hours of flying time, 

LIEUT. L. M. .MILLER: Cadet at Wichita Falls, Tex. 
Transferred to Brooks Field by way of Camp Dick. Dallas, 
Texas, After receiving the Gosport instruction went to 
Eberts Field, Ark., as an instructor, Kelly Field received 
him with about 350 hours to his credit. 

LIEUT. C, H, A.MES: Preliminary training received 
at Mathers Field, Sacramento, Cal Took the instructors 
course at Brooks Field, at which place he also instructed. 
Transferred to Kelly Field from Brooks. His time totals 
about 250 hours. 

LIEUT. -M. L. D.WIESS: Another product of .Mathers 
Field, Sacremento, Cal. Took the Instructors course and 
also instructed at Brooks Field. Sent to Kelly Fif'ld fr"''' 
Brooks. He has about 250 hours of flying time. 

LIEUT. BILLY WILSON: Primary training received at 
Mathers Field, Sacramento, Cal, Transferred to Kelly 
Field after taking the Gosport Instruction at Brooks Field. 
He has about 200 hours to his credit. 

LIEUT. L. A. WALTHALL: Hails from Love Field, 
Dallas, Tex. Transferred to Brooks Field with a stop over 
at Camp Dick, Dallas, Tex, Instructed at Scott Field, 111. 
Sent to Kelly Field with about 275 hours. 

LIEUT. J. E. WILLINGHAM, Flight Commander, 
In picture, from left to right 

Top row— Lieut. Billy Wilson; Lieut. C. H. .\nies; Lieut. 
M I, liaviess; Lieut. L. .\. Walthall; Lieut. L, M, Miller. 

lower row— Lieut. P. H. Xiblack; Lieut. J, E, Williiighan.; 
Lieut. !•". A. Barber. 


Flight No. 5 was organized at the time the system ot 
instruction of cadets was changed from the old progressive 
••stage system" to the Gosport or •'all— through" school. 
At this initial appearance its student personnel was com- 
posed of officers undergoing flying instruction. After the 
great "shakeup," upon the signing of the armistice, it was 
disbanded for a few days and reorganized with cadets as 
students. It is at present struggling along under this 
organization daily flying its entire thirty-six students, and 
takes pride in the fact that not one has ever been triecj 
and found wanting. 

The officers who make up the flight are: 

LIEUT. C. P. .MUELLER, O. I. C, who graduated from 
the S. M. .\. at Berkeley, Cal., February 16th. 1918, and 
received R. .M. A. at Kelly Field. He was an instructor on 
the 2nd Solo stage for a short time and then was sent to 
the Instructors School at Brooks Field. Upon finishing 
he was returned to Kelly, .\lthough he has been officially 
in charge only since December ISth. he has been acting 
Flight Commander since November 14. Lives in San 

E. J. MORRESSEY. Graduated from the S. .M. A. at 
Austin, Texas, and took all of his flying training at Scott 
Field. He was assigned as an instructor to Kelly Field on 
October 12th, and since that time has been on the Dual 
stage and Flight No. 5. He lives at Harmon. Illinois. 


C. L. HEWETT took his training at the S. M. A. al 
Cornell, and the Chanute Field at Kantoul. Illinois. He 
went through the Instructors School at Brooks Field, and 
was sent to Ebbets Field at Lonoke. Ark. as an instructor. 
October 3rd. He remained there tintil he was assigned to 
Kelly on February 10, 1919. His home is in Syracuse. 
N. Y. 

J. P. HARRIS is a graduate of Berkeley, Rockwell and 
Brooks Fields. From Brooks he went as an instructor to 
Ebbets Field, where he remained until he was assigned to 
Kelly on February Ttli, 1919. He was assigned to the Flight 
on February lOth. 1919. His home is in San Antonio. 

R. W. MACKEY graduated from the S. M. A. at 
Princeton, and took his R. M. A. at San Diego. He was 
sent to the Instructors School at Brooks Field, finishing 
there .January 9th. 1919. He was assigned to Kelly January 
14th, 1919. Home is in New Westminster. B. C. 

H. M. SHIELDS is a product of the S. M. A. at the 
University of Illinois, and Carruthers and Brooks Flyin? 
Fields. He finished at Brooks January 7th, 1919. and was 
at once assigned to Kelly. Lives at Brookville, Pa. 

G. D. CRANDALL took his R. M. A. at Love Field, 
Dallas. Texas, and went through the Brooks Field In 
structors School. He was assigned to Kelly Field November 
25th. 1919. Lives in Father. .\Io. 

H. G. Crocker, is a graduate of the S. M. A. at Berkeley. 
California, and took his R. M. A. at Carruthers Field, Fort 
Worth, Texas, He went through the Instructors School at 
Brooks Field, and came from there to Kelly, His home is 
in Lisbon, S, D. 


In picture, reading left to right 
Lieut. Wakefield; Lieut. King; Lieut. B. V. Bockcnfeld; 
Lieut. Finck; Lieut Cameron; Lieut. Hinkley. 

Flight Six was organized the early part of January. It 
has its home at Hangars 19 and 20. It is one of the five 
flights using the all-through system of instructions. 

Flight Six has an unusually interesting personnel. 11 
is under the direction of Lieut. B. F. Bcckeufeld, Flight 
Commander, with a corps of seven instructors, no one of 
whom is over 2S years of age. 

LIEUT. BOCKEXFELD was born in Quincy. 111.. 24 
years ago. Two of those years he has spent on Kelly Field, 
having helped to erect the first tent here. He also received 
his training here. 

Canisteo. N. Y., where he was born 24 years ago. His 
flying training was received at Park Field (Memphis. 
Tenn.) and Brooks Field. San Antonio. In civil life he was 
a mechanical engineer. 

LIEUT. BERT E. HINKLEY is a Texan, claiming 
Brownsville as the place of his nativity. He is 22 years 
of age. His training has been done at Brooks and Kelly 
Fields. J ; 

LIEUT. EIMO G. FUNK, who first "took the air" in 
Kosemount. Nebraska. 22 years ago, was trained at Mather 
Field (Sacramento, Cal) and Brooks Field. 

LIEUT. WELL R. KING, is a native of Muscatine, 
Iowa, He is 25 years of age and received his training al 
.Mather and Brooks Fields. 

LIEUT. BURTON W. PEABODY. originated in Sargent, 
North Dakota, 28 years ago. He is a product of Kelly Field. 

LIEUT. ROBERT B. WAKEFIELD, started life in 
Eureka. Kansas. 28 years ago. His training was received 
at Souther Field (Americus, Ga.) and at Brooks. 

At the time of this writing, Flight Six is honored by 
having on its roster the name of the Commanding Officer 
of the Flying Department. A former AU-American half- 
back is now training here. One searching for a lawyer. 
a financier, an author, a geologist, a ranchman or a farmer 
would find each of them here. 

The Cuban students assigned to this Flight form an 
interesting group. These officers and cadets have been sent 
by their Government to learn flying in the United States, 
us a nucleus for the Cuban Aviation Service. On completion 
of their course here they hope to be assigned the duty of 
piloting Cuban Government seaplanes from this, the country 
of their manufacture, to the shores of their own land. 

Taken all in all. those who are fortunate enough to 
be assigned to Flight Six think that it would be hard to 
find a better place to train. 


Flight seven, formerly the cross country stage, is now 
the oldest of the flights. It was organized during the fall of 
1917. a part of the original Kelly Field Flying School, and 
was under the command of Lieut. Roy N. Francis. At that 
time the stage gave three straightaway trips, to towns 
thirty to forty miles from the field. The flights were made 
entirely by map. the student following a railroad to his 

Aftfr Litul. Francis left the ^lage. the work was 
c:irrifd on in turn by Lieuts, Krall. Sutton. Raley. Copsey 
an<l it is now in charge of Lieut. Samuel H. Davis. The 
course was gradually chan,ged and increased. The worn 
at present is done entirely by compass and map, each 
student figuring out his course on each trip, with careful 
consideration of the wind direction and velocity, compass 
variation and duration, and the speed of his machine. The 
cour.-e consists of two seventy-five mile straightaways, 
and three triangle trips, of thirty to forty miles to the leg 
The ships fly these trips, totaling over thirty-five hundred 
miles each day. 

The flight has an organization of instructors compris- 
ing six of the oldest in point of service, and most ex- 
pprienced pilots of the field, each having as his seperate 
work one of the special duties of the stage. Lieut. Davis 
is in command. Lieut. F. F. Watson acting as his assistant. 
Lieut. Norman Brophy cares for the engineering work of 
the stage, watching the condition of the ships, and the 
repairs on them, Lieut. Asp is aerial navigation officer, 
checkin.g the work of the students on making their maps 
and figuring their courses. Lieut. M. D. Smith and Joseph 
Drake are trip pilots, assisted as necessary by any of the 
ether instructors. The present system has been recently 
perfected by Lietit. Davis, and' he bids fair to carry the 
flight on to an even greater efficiency, continuing the record 
of the flight of always doing its share, as a part of the 
American Air Service. 


Flight No, 8, the old Formation Stage, began oper- 
ations June 7th, 1918, with Lieut. Edwin Burge in charge, 
and with Lieut. George A. Cary. assistant. To these two 
men must be given the credit for organizing the stage 
which has gained Kelly its reputation for formation flying. 

The formation work gives the finishing touch to the 
cadets turned out at the field, and is by far the most 
spectacular part of the primary training. In spite of the 
apparently dangerous character of the work there has been 
but one accident since the stage opened. During this time 
over a thousand men have received instruction. With the 
coming of the Gosport system the stage was rechristened 
Flight 8 and will survive as such. 

The present personnel consists of: 

last of the old crowd. He transferred to the Air Service 
from the First Training Camp at Fort Roots. Arkansas. 
He graduated from the S. M. .V. at Austin. Texas, and was 
sent to Rockwell Field, for flying training. Was sent as 
an R. M. A. to Kelly Field for the Instructors course. As- 
signed as Instructor April 24th. 1918. to the K. M. A. field 
at Yuturri. Assigned June 20th to the Formation stage 
where he has been ever since. In civil life he was a law 
student — and will be again. Home address. Watseka, 

LIEUT. E. V. HARBECK. A. 0. I. C, enlisted in the 
Engineers May Sth. 1917. and transferred to the Air Service 
September Sth, 1917. He graduated from the S. M. A. at 
Champaign, and came to Kelly for his Flying. Finished the 
Instructors School here. Has been on Dual R. M. A. (both 
fields) and the Formation stages. He came to Formation 
January 2nd. 1919. Entered the Army from College. Lives 
at 66 W. Oak St. Chicago. 

LIEUT. J. F. McXAMARA. graduated from the S. M. A. 
at Cornell. Took all his flying at Kelly. Has been an In- 
structor on the R. M. A. fields. Assigned to Formation 
January 6th. 1919. Also from Chicago. 

LIEUT. J. E, MORRESSY graduated from the S. M. A. 
Champaign December 13. 1917. and was sent to Kelly for 
flying training. He has served on Snake Field, Cross 
Country, and the Formation Stages. Was assigned to 
Formation January 6th. 1919. 

Others who have instructed on the stage are: Lieu- 
tenants M. D. Smith, Walter Scott. Vincent Meloy, Frost 
Woodhull, J. J. Wharam, E. G. Funke. 



The purpose of this school is to graduate instructors 
who are fully competent to instruct well and correctly in 
all branches of flying and who can turn out students of a 
uniformly high standard as pilots and flying officers. 

The work is not to be considered as a short course of 
hours in the air thru which any pilot can be pushed, but 
as a school fcr the selection and training of pilots who 
will be bcSt fitted for the exacting and difficult wcrk of 
instructing cadet flyers. 

In view of the fact that the present system of training 
demands the very best instructors and relies to a great 
extent upon the instructors' ability and judgment, it is self- 
evident that too much care cannot be exercised nor too 
great an effort made to turn out only instructors of the 
very best quality. 

The School is being organized under the direction of 
Major Russell. Officer in Charge of Flying with the as- 
sistance of Major Walton, who has recently been ordered 
to Kelly Field for duty. 

The Instructional Staff consists of the following offi- 
cers: Lieut. Van J. Weaver. Flight Commander and Lieuts. 
Boggs, Cover. McClellan, Johnson. Eldridge and Gayton. In 
structors. These Instructors have all had considerable 
work instructing cadets, and are all graduates of the In 
structors School of Brooks Field, where they were retained 
on account of their ability to act as instructors in the In- 
structors School. 

The Instructors School will start operations at once 
and expects to turn out graduates in the near future whose 
ability will be in keeping with the reputation of Kelly Field 
as a Flying School. 


Headquarters Flight is composed of a Flight Com- 
mander and three Testers, one Flight Sergeant, one Trouble 
Shooter and Inspector, a Record Clerk, a Timekeeper and 
eight Crew Men. The F^ight Commander. Lieut. F. S. 
Estill and the Testers. Lieuts. P. A. Smith. A. M. St. John 
and Travis Bailey are all men with practically a year's 
flying experience at Kelly Field and officially credited with 
from 250 to 800 hours flying. The enlisted personnel of the 
Flight is practically without exception experienced and 

The Flight Commander. LIEUT. ESTILL, entered 
Ground School at Austin, Texas, in June. 1917. finishing 
with the sixth class. He came to Kelly Field for flying 
training on August 20th, at which time the school consisted 
of three instructors, thirty cadets, and three or four train- 
ing ships. In December of the same year, he completed 
the course for the rating of Reserve Military Aviator and 
began instructing in January. 1918. Under the old system 
of instruction, he instructed on Dual. Primary and Acro- 
batic Stages and on the inauguration of the Gosport Course, 
was assigned in Charge of Headquarters Flisht. 

LIEUT. PAUL A. SMITH, entered Ground School in 
the same class with Lieut. Estill and both completed their 
Ground School and flying training at the same time. Lieul. 
Smith has instructed at Kelly Field on Dual. Acrobatic and 
Gosport Instruction Stages, besides having been for some 
time in charge of the 322rd Aero Squadron and also of the 
Linen Cover Surface Shop of the Engineering Dept. 

LIEUT. A. M. ST. JOHN, has the distinction of being 
the smallest and at the same time one of the most skillful 
flyers on Kelly Field. He enlisted at Memphis, Tenn., and 
was called to Ground School in September. 1917. On 
finishing there in December he was sent to Kelly Field for 
flying instruction and has since instructed on Dual. Cross 
Country Stages and Headquarters Flight. 

LIEUT. TRAVIS BAILEY enlisted in August. 1917. 
entered Ground School in January. 1918, and Flying School 
in July. He has instructed on Primary Solo and Acrobatic 
Stages and Flight No. 2 and Headquarters Flight. 

Unlike the seven other Flights on the Field. Head- 
quarters Flight does not do any instructing work. It is 
primarily a testing flight, designed to keep a check on the 
work of the men who go through the school. Its chief duty 
is to test the flying ability of men completing the course 
of instruction, in order to determine finally whether or not 
they are qualified to receive their rating as Reserve Military 
Aviators. The test given is necessarily a thorough one. 
covering practically all the various maneuvers in which the 
Cadet has received instruction. It includes landing and 
taking off, banking and figure eights, forced landing, tail- 
spins, loops and Immelman turns, spirals, slips, skids, stalls 
and general flying ability. If the Cadet completes the test 
satiffactcrily he is recommended for the R. M. A. rating; 
otherwise he is either sent to a Flight for additional in- 
struction or in exceptional cases taken off flying. 

In addition to this final test, Headquarters Flight 
tests men whom the various Flights have found to be weak 
students, and determines their fitness to continue flying. 
From time to time also. Instructcrs on other Flights and 
newly assigned InEtructcrs are given Check Rides in order 
to furnish a record of the character of their work. Finally 
it is the duty of the Flight to set the course that is to be 
flown around the home Field, and during had weather 
to call off flying. In the performance of these duties. Head- 
quarters Flight enables the School to keep a constaut 
check on its own work and keep up the flying standard of 
Kelly Field graduates. 


Officer in Charge Lieut. J. L. Whitney: Instructors 
Lieut. L. W, Jurden. Lieut. W. S. Reilly. Lieut. G. S. Turrill. 
Lieut. R. B. Roberts; Timekeeper Sgt. F. W. Hart. 

On June 3. 1918. the acrobatic work at Kelly Field was 
organized as a stage and a certain amount of acrobatic; 
required of all Cadets. The old JN-4 Deps were put into 
use and have served their purpose well ever since. The 
first officer in charge was Lieut. A. A. Adams. Of the 
original group cf instructors Lieuts. Lievre. Clayton. 
Shaffer. Dorsett and Chandler were ordered overseas. 
Lieut. Cnpsey was recently discharged and Lieut. Whitney 
IS the only one left. The stage was always popular with 
Cadets and flying instructors from other sta.ges who cften 
came over for joy rides. During its history this stage has 
graduated 825 students with but one fatality. 

Under the new Gosport system of training the acrobatic 
stage will be discontinued. In fact, it is now graduating 
its last class of cadets under the old school. 

The following officers have instructed on the 
during its history, and the first five have been in command: 

IiientenantS' — A. .\. Adams, J. W. Sharpnack. J. H. Clayton, 
W. L. Sliaffei-. J. L. Whitney. J. B. Lievre. J. F. Greet. W, C. 
Dorsett, R. L. Copsey. L. T. Chandler, J. W. Schroeder, F. W. 
Watson, Tom Penny. W. Scott. M. Tilley. G. F. Choate, H. F. 
Bailey. W. D. Coney. P. A. Sniitli, W. R. Spriegel. J. Potter. 
E. McDonald, M. B. Millard. W. S. Reilley, F. Estill, A. II. 
Stanton, G. S. Turrill. L. W. Jurden. C. B. Sherry, R. M. Keitli, 
R. B. Roberts. J. J. Wharam. 





||HK Salvage Division of the 
I'lying Department was 
organized in May. 1918. 
Prior to tliat time, the Salvage 
Office had existed merely as a 
Record branch with no attempt 
to reclaim serviceable parts of 
wrecked Planes or Motors. 

On May 16th Captain L. R. 
Crawford'. A. S., M. A., was de- 
tailed as Salvage Officer with a 
crew of If) men and started the 
wotV. of reclaiming old wrecks 
in Hangar 5. At that time there 
were the remains of 58 wrecked 
planes stored in various parts 
of the field, dating back to the 
summer of 1917. With these were included 47 old Motors. 
These wrecks were in various stages of demolition 
and the parts were gradually collected in Hangar 5. The 
crew was divided into two sections: one on Motors, in 
charge of Corporal Sidney L. North, Squadron "E". and the 
ether on Planes, in charge of Sgt. Leigh P. Smith. 
Squadron "C." 

All serviceable parts of wrecks were sorted into bins 
and reissued to the Engineer Department as needed. The 
resulting junk was cla.ssified according to material, stored 
in bins, weighed and delivered to the Reclamation Division 
of the Quartermaster for disposal. 

In addition to the old wrecks, up to July 30th 40 other 
wrecked Planes were handled in addition to 24 new Motor 

wrecks. This was during the period of intensive training 
and the Salvage crew was averaging a ship and a half 
a day. During this period the approximate value of service- 
able material liiriud back for use averaged $7,000.00 a 

In .July, the needs of the Flying Department made it 
necessary for the Salvage crew to move out of Hangar 5, 
but the work was continued in the new steel Hangar 4.5 B. 
With the signing of the Armistice and consequent lack 
of necessity for such intensive training, also the gradual 
development of the factor of safety by the Flying Depart- 
ment, the work of the Salvage men has gradually fallen 
off. The Salvage Crew has passed out of existence as an 
Operating Department. The actual work of stripping the 
Planes is now carried on by the Engineer Division. The 
salvaged material is no longer stored for reissue by the 
Salvage Crew but is turned in directly to the Supply 

Some interesting com|)arisons can be made from the 
records of the Salvage Division. Out of 138 wrecked planes 
handled to December 30th., 41 Motors were repaired and 
returned to service. Since July 30th. the number of wreck- 
ed ships handled has been reduced 50'/. 

Captain L. R. Crawford is a graduate of the first Of- 
ficers' Training Camp at Fort Oglethorpe, Ga. He has 
been on duty at Kelly Field in the Flying Department 
since November 21st. 1917, as Assistant Engineer Officer, 
Maintenance Officer. Salvage Officer and Inspector. He 
is a native of Philadelphia, Pa. and served in the Philip- 
Iiine Islands with the 13th. U. S. Cavalry. 


I.ieut.-Colonels — Drenricn. L. II. Majors — Decker. S. M., ||. u., Uosscll, J. ii. Captains — HaKiiell, Edgar W., 
BeckiT. \\illi;iiii R.. Cane. Beriiar.l .M.. ('otting. rhas. E.. 
rran.lall. Winfit-lil R., Oeranl, Alfred u., Kenyon. William S.. 
I'aliinT, liana. Koberston. Harry B., Wheeler. Chilion F. iBt 
Ijleutenants — Davis, H. K. B., Dissette, John W., Edwards, 
Paul N.. l-'iiiist. Wm. E.. Gilbert, C. J., Goodenow. Rufiis K., 
(Jreen. William W.. Hamlin, C. B., Hu.ssell, I.,eRoy E.. Jaqua, 
John G., I^enilian. Tho.s. .!., Loebloin, John M.. McCarn, Clarence 
G.. McCahill. S. S., Martin. Chas. N., Nicholls, Oen. A., Noel, 
Olen U'., PailKctt. Frank A.. Schreiner, Scott, Silleck, Holmer 
R., Smith. I.owell H.. Smith. A. V. E., Stanly, Frank L., 
Thayer, Charles (J,, Van Siclan, Mathew N., Weldman, O. L., 
WeddinRtiin. Harry. Whitf. William J.. Wilson, R. D.. Yates, 
J.ames W. 2nd Iiieutenants — .\ndri:\v, Paul F.. Brook.s, Thos. 

L... Bruton. David E.. Hushnell, Sherman W., Calhoun, 
Beniamin C, Carroll, Thos. J., Catching, H. H., Chase. Oscar 
F., Conner, H. G., Cooper, H. H.. Coyne. Frank P.. Conway, 
W. E. Jr., Crane. Lester S.. Craig, E. -\.. Croyen, Herman F., 
Duncanson, Donald, Erreger. Chas. J.. Frank. G. M., Franklin, 
Elbert W., Gardner. R. H.. C.oode, .Vustin K.. Griffee. Jan. H., 
Hamman. E. A.. Harwood, Wallace B., Hausberger, E. S., 
Hawk.s. Horace G., Higgins, L. S.. Hills. Lawrence. Holmlund, 
Gilbert E., Hope, Wilburn. Johnson, Roy L.. Keeler, P. B., 
Kicklighter, Chas. H.. Kincade. Franklin P.. Kirby, Geo. P., 
Kite, Warren P.. Larer. Geo. N., Lewis, Frank B.. Lipscombe, 
W. H., Longstreth. Walter W.. McCregor, Howard C, Mills, 
Niles E., Minokin, K. N., Noonan. Daniel. Owen. Ralph C. 
Parrv, Gronwav, Phillips, L. L.. Porter, Mark L., Rciniann, 
Benj. C. Robison, Ralph T., Rule, William G.. Seebick, 
Frederick, Shoemaker, Louis J., Scarboro, William E.. Slattery. 
John W.. Smith. Paul E., Smart, O. N., Speed, William G., Stoll. 
Henry H., Vosburg, Royden, Watson, C. O., Worthington, 
John A. 


One of the most important organizations in the Flying 
Department is the Fire Department. 

It is thru efficient organization and personnel that 
this field has no record of fires. Since the appointment of 
1st. Lieut. Edward Schumacker. U. S. G. U. S. A. as Ass't. 
Fire Marshal, the entire Department has been reorganized. 
New apparatus has been built, fire alarm system installed; 
also an up-to-date annunciator system. All this work was 
performed by the members of the Fire Department with 
but very little material drawn from the supply officer. 
This system is so complete and efficient that the fire chiefs 
of different cities of Texas made a special trip to the Flying 
Department from San Antonio to inspect it. and they ex- 
pressed their admiration of this Alarm System. 

The Personnel of this department has been through 
the fire school of San Antonio, which is under the direct 
supervision of Mr. A. G. Goetz. Chief of the San Antonio 
Fire Department. There the men are required to go 
through a strenuous course. If the man cannot stand this 
he is relieved and another man detailed in his place. 

Equipment consists of; One "Reo" combination Hose 
and Chemical truck with a complement of 7 men. One 
"Reo" combination Hose, Hook and Ladder truck with a 

complement of seven men. One Harley Davidson Motor- 
cycle with side car for the Ass't Fire Marshal. One motor- 
cycle driver. 

Daily drills are held, where the men are required to 
respond to a "still" alarm at a certain building. All com- 
mand.s are by arm and whistle signals. Drills are also held 
at least once a week at night. 

This Department has been called on four occasions to 
Kelly Field No. 1 fires and demonstrated its efficiency. On 
one occasion it has worked side by side with the San 
Antonio Fire Department at the Kelly Town fire. Hero 
the training was remarkably shown and all Departments 
worked as one, re.gardless of city or military fire apparatus. 

Every building in the Flying Department is inspected 
daily by the Fire Department Inspector, Pvt. R. S. Cross, a 
veteran fireman and inspector, of Colorado Springs. Colo. 
A weekly inspection is made by the Ass't Fire Marshal and 
the fire regulations are enforced. 

The Fire Department is proud of the record it now 
holds; this clearly shows that fire prevention is the secret 
of fire protection. However credit is given to the officers 
and men of the Flying Department for the cooperation with 
the Fire Department in eliminating all fire hazards. 



mllK Kflly Ground Officers' Training School was 
organized about September 15, 1917, partly thru the 
efforts of Major Scott, then Captain. The need of such 
a school, equipped to turn out Supply and Engineer Officrs 
and Adjutants, was then very striking, as there were at 
Kelly Field at that time about 12.000 enlisted mtn with but 
25 officers. This Ground School was the only one in the 
country at the time, and it is therefore aptly termed 
"Fathrr of Ground Schools." 

The school was at first conducted at Kelly No. 2. but 
about December 20 was moved to No. 1, occupying the 
building now used as Post Headquarters. Major Harmon 
was the first Commandant. He was in turn succeeded by 
Major Drennan and Lieut. Col. A. L. Fuller. The 
curriculum was made up by Lieut, Noyes. Lieut. Cassidy. 
M. Donohue. Messrs. Murphy and Harring, and prepared 
under the direction of Capt. Scott. Lieut. Sanders was Com- 
mandant of Cadets, and Lieut. Cook, in charge of academic 

Following is a partial list of G. 0. T. S. Staff and In- 

Lieut. -Col. A. L. Fuller. Commanding Officer: Major 
Drennan. Commantiin,g Officer: Lieut. Joseph W. Noyes, 
Adjutant: Allpian. Executive Officer; Murphy. E. A., In 
charge of Instruction: Lichty, Gas Engines: Shillinger. 
Magnetos; Van Allman. Carburetors; Imhotf. Metals; 
Brownback. Airplanes; Bilker. F. G., Machine Shop; 
Benedict. Engine Lab.; Demer, P.. Demonstrator. Dobbins. 
A. C, Truck Driver Instructor. 

Cassidy, H. P.. Military Law. Court Martial Procedure; 
De Forrest, John. Duties of Squadron Commander; Turpin 
P. T.. Duties of Adjutant, Military Correspondence; Arnold. 
Wellington, Field Service Regulations. Interior Guard Duty. 
Infantry Drill; Merrick. A. F.. Gas Engines; Brownback, 
H. L.. Machine Guns. Air Plane Nomenclature: Able. 
George R . Property Accountability, G. M. Manual. Q. M. 
Forms; Stauffer. S. H., Sanitation and Hygiene; Morehess. 
Capt. B. L.. Army Regulations; Birdsall. C. A., Ordnance; 
Devers. J. M.. Supply Officers; Gallagher. Chas. D., Photo 
graphy; Sharen. F. W.. Photngraphy ; Jiskra, J. B.. Trans- 
portation; Rcper. Geo. M.. Mess Officer; Harring, N. H.. 
Customs of the Service; Pirisky. Joseph, Military Tactics. 

Caddagan. Army Regulation; Donohoe, Infantry Drill 
Regulation; Xevin. Afinplane Nonun; Nevin. .Machine Gun 
Nomen; Jiskra. Transportation; Rector. Squadron Com- 
mander; Hansbcrger. Gas Engine Nomen. 

Few, if any. of those fortunate enough to have at- 
tended this famous Ground School will ever forget the 
strenuous days of laborious but wholesome life, that crowd- 
ed one upon the other, while the newly uniformed cadet 
was being miraculously transformed from an ambitious 
civilian to an Officer of the Aviation Section. From "Re 
veille," at 5:20 A. .M.. until "Taps." at 10:00 P. M.. not 
an idle moment was possible. Accordingly, there were few 
opportunities for becoming homesick, or dreaming abo\i! 
the bars that would soon adorn the uniform. The serious 
Cadet had work enuf to keep liim busy during the entir^^ 

eight weeks of the course, and he could not afford to be 

Many courses w-ere crowded into these few weeks, and 
the entire training comprised 272 hours of classes, ranging 
in number from 3 hours of signaling to 60 hours of Infantry 
Drill. Some of the more important courses follow: 

Military Law, Manual Interior Guard Duty, Military 
Hygiene, Procedure of Court Martial. Inf. Drill Regulations, 
Army Regulations. Infantry Drill, Sanitation. Duties of 
Squadron Commander, Aeroplane Nomenclature. Signaling, 
Transportation. Machine Gun Nomenclature, Duties of Ad- 
jutant. Military Correspondence. Engine Nomenclature, 
Duties of Supply Officer. Oil. Gas & Tires. Mess Organi- 
zation, Motor Truck Nomenclature. Customs of Service, and 

Military drill was the most dreaded of all. This was 
due chiefly to the sea of dust that swept Kelly Field at 
that time and made tramping and drilling of any kind far 
from comfortable. The Field had not been much developed 
at that time, and the ground in some sections was covered 
with a foot of dust. Wearing handkerchiefs over the mouth 
while drilling was a common practice, and after even a five 
minute session on the drill ground, a bath and thorough 
clean-up was unavoidable. The drill master was an ex- 
ceedingly capable instructor and it was usually agreed that 
the Cadets at the G. O. T. S. learned more drill in a few 
weeks than was ordinarily the case elsewhere. Sgt. Michael 
Donohue soon acquired a national reputation as a drill 

The Mess was "par excellence," and in many cases 
instrumental in preventing a first or second week Cadet 
from resigning and returning to the life of a private or 

The 6th Class held a graduation dinner at the St. 
Anthony Hotel on December 7. 1917. which was very 
successful. J. B. Jiskra acted as toastmaster. and attractive 
souvenir programs were prepared for this occasion. 

Toward the end of 1917. the course was shortened from 
eight to seven, and then to six weeks. Excellent material 
for officers was being constantly turned out. but official 
orders came on January inth to close the school, and that 
was done January 12th. 1918. At that time, the School 
was turning out Supply Officers. Adjutants, and Engineer 
Officers. It was felt that such officers should be graduated 
I'rom specialized schools, and therefore the Cadets then at 
the School were transferred to Universities, for specialized 
training, according as their civilian occupations be.^t fitted 
them. The last class entered the G. O. T. S. on January 
5. 1918, and after one week at the School, was scattered, 
along with other ungraduated classes, to the following 
schools; Mass. Institute of Technology, for Engineer 
Officers' Course; Ohio State University, for Adjutants' 
Course; and to the Georgia Institute of Technology, Altanta, 
for Supply officers. Course. 

Thus came to an end the first Ground School in the 
rnuntr.\ — and one that trained some of the finest officers 
in the .-\ir Service. 




CLASS No. 1. NOVKMBER 7TH. 1917. 

Anderson. Roy W.. Andrews. Horace A., Bales. Claude 
E.. Bryan. William H.. Bagley. Harvey A.. Clark. John R.. 
Crumley. Albert A., Dewey. John C. Jr.. Duenwig. Paul S.. 
Dumas. John H.. Edmi.=son. Robert E.. Farr. Frank R.. 
Felker. Carl T.. Florian. Erasmius A.. Gallagher, Augustus, 
Gilbert, Frederick B.. Graliani. Richard M . Crosevenor. 
William, Guttekunst. John G.. Haugen. Lawritz G., Henley. 
Ernest R.. McLaughlin. James F.. Metcalf. Penrose B.. 
Norton, Charles B., Reece, Henry R.. Rector, William G.. 
Rooney. Bernard P.. Kutledge. William XL. Schlesinger. 
Louis W.. Walters. Onno V. 



Baker, Fenton J., Bell, Dan M., Bellinger. Alfred R.. 
Bowers. Robert E., Chapman. Max. Clark. John M.. Cortman. 
Stanley A.. Crawford. Chester T.. Davis. Theodore P., Day. 
Clifford T., Fisher. Edward C. Gaines. Francis S.. Gold 
smith. Reginald M., Gibbs. Augustus P.. Garrett, Pearson B.. 
Graham. Palmer H.. Gray. Alexander B.. Hartshorne. Hugh 
Jr.. Heyniger. Charles L., Horner. Galen B., Howard, George 
F.. James, John A.. James. Ashby M.. Johns. Clarence E.. 
Know. John C. Lindeman, L. E.. Looney, R. D.. Lucas. Clive 
O.. McCandless. Joseph H.. Melton. Heath A.. Neal, Turner 
B.. Oliver. Clarence. Rockwell. James W.. Rogers, Roland H.. 
Ross. Zeno C, Sanborn. Raymond C. Scruggs. Ross G.. 
Schreiner. Scott. Smith, Boyd M.. Thompson, Charles H.. 
Tilton. John K.. Tounley. Wheller E.. Turpin. Paul R.. 
Westmoreland, Horace A.. Wade. Charles W., Wooley, 
Charles W. 

CLASS No. 3. NOVEMBER 17TH. 1917. 

Alden. Joseph B.. Burke. William W.. Camerer. Alfred 
A.. Dekay. George H.. Dickinson. Raymond S.. Donnelly. 
Walter J., Elliott. John S., Fair. James C. Fitch, William 
P., Francis. James W.. Garrett. William G. Jr., Gwnnn, 
George H.. Hampton, John K.. Hardin. Lorraine G.. Hauser, 
Stanley F.. Hayes, John B.. Horner, Meyers B.. Howell. Roy 
W.. Irvin. Joseph B., Kibler. Luther W.. Koch. Theodore W.. 
Kritser. John S.. Lee. Robert E.. Leachman. Neth L, Lind. 
Arlliur G.. McGee. E. C. McKean. Alonzo T., Mallery. Ralph 
C. Marks. Stanley B., Massey, Robert L., Negley. Richard 
V. W.. Pye. Harvey N.. Ream, Lester F.. Sloan. Joseph C. 

CLASS No. 4. NOVEMBER 24TH. 1917. 

Allan. Wylie B.. Babcock. Dan. Baxter. John H.. Bayhon. 
Wencesloa. Burnett. Robert, Carter. Champe G.. Chapin. 
Frederick J.. Clark. James C. Clinton. Charles K.. Cock, 
Loui.s R., Culp, Henry S.. Cunningham. George A., Crisler, 
William N.. Devant. Phillip E., Dean. John R.. Elliott, 
George L.. Frye. Edmund B., Gait. John M.. Gautier. Jeffer- 
son D., Grupe. George G.. Haile. William A. Jr.. Hare, Henry 
P.. Hays. Maurice E.. Henretty. Walter B.. Hubbard, Gilvic, 
Isett. Robert P., Jernigan. John A.. Joyce. William B.. Ken- 
dall, John H.. Kenyon, William B.. Kindred. Wendall H.. 
Lyons, Thomas B.. McCord. Oscar P.. McPheeters. Chester 
J.. Maddox. Webb. Miller. Daniel E.. Nix. Joe L , Patterson. 
John F., Peterson. George S.. Petrie. Arthur J.. Powell. 
Harford W. H.. Proctor, David C. Sauter. Raymond J.. 
Saenger. Robert Jr., Sammons. August B.. Schweser. Harold 
G.. Smith. Sam J.. Smith. Granville M.. Stone. Sam V.. 
Wortman, Arthur D. 

CLASS No. 5. DECEMBER 1ST. 1917. 

Ashley. James R., Becker. Alvin L.. Barn it. Gtcrge B.. 
Bordreaux, August E.. Clyce. Wallace P.. Connolly, Francis 
A.. Dickson. Charles M.. Drew. Lionel E.. Eagle, .\uhury I.. 
Engle, George M., Fagan, Paul I., Gibbs. William K.. (iiUiuul, 
Franklin W.. Johnson. Charles C. Keefer, Chauncey T.. 
King. Royal W.. Lorah, Walter H., McEachin, James S, 
.Murchison, Thomas F., Nelson. J. Prewett. Randall. Joseph 
F.. Rust. Den. Stanley. Eben, Taylor, David, Thoma.^, 
Sydney T.. Wade. Roy S.. Wilcox. Albert M.. Wri.ght. Bid 
well A., Wright. Wilbur F,, Zachry, Willis K. 

CLA.SS .No. (i. DECEMBER 8TH. 1917. 

Allison, Wallace M.. Barnes. Frank \V.. Bates. William 
P.. Beck. James M.. Black. John R.. Buttner, Charles E., 
Campbell. David S., Ccbb. Cleveland. Cramer. Joseph M.. 
Crawford, Jefferson, Davis, Henry K.. DeForrest. John. 
De Golyer. George O.. Dennis. Clyde G.. Doyle. Patrick J.. 
Florian, Charles H.. Gilbert. Howell. Griffiths, Wybro B., 
Hodges, Marvin D., Howeltt. Robert, Ingram. Emmett L., 
Kiefer, William R.. Kron. Elias. La Belle. Claude A.. Macrai. 
George W. Jr., Matheison. Joseph. McAuley. Benjamin F.. 
McGoldrick. Francis M., Merrick. Lester P.. Mulford. Joseph 
M.. Newhall. Albert W., O'Conner. Nicholas F.. Old 
Jonathan W,. Penix. William R., Powell. Harry C. Sides. 
Jacob S.. Sloan. Charles E.. Smith. Charles M.. Stukts, 
Taylor H,. Vanamann. Arthur W.. Van Dyke. Karl. Vireling, 
George W.. Waite. Allen G., Westheimer. Ira E.. Wiebolt. 
Elmer F.. Wilder. Paul, Woods, Clarence J.. Youn^. Gsorgc 
B.. Yoimg. William T.. Zapf. Walter J. 

CLASS No. 7. DECEMBER 15TH, 1917. 

Arnold. Wellington, Baker, Herbert A.. Billkcr. Frank 
G., Boyd, Millard J,, Bubier. Thomas S.. Carroll. John J.. 
Cocke, Charles F.. Conner. Clarence F.. Drury. Aubrey, 
Dunning. Clifford A.. Elbert. Robert G.. Farabee. Joseph R.. 
Fouls. Kenneth G., Fuller, Charles W.. Grenewalt. Harold 
v.. Hills. Lawrence, Ingwerson. Daniel R.. Kaufman. Jewel 
W.. King. Dal M . Littlejohn. Clifford H.. Loeblin, John M., 
Monteagle, Paige, Moon. Leslie, Neal, Guy 0.. Noyes, Joseph 
H., Osborn, George M.. Parsell. Charles C , Porlier. Harold 
J.. Price, Cedric D,. Roberts, Isaac W., Saunders. Russell H., 
Schlussel. Jacob S.. Starnes, Thomas M.. Steinberger. 
Robert, Turner, Harold W.. Walton. Harold L.. Walton, 
Rudolph I... Warlow. Chester H.. Waterman. Ira P.. 
\.iiiiams. i-ashal K.. Woolfe. Irving K. 

CLASS No. 8, DECEMBER 22ND, 1917. 

Belmont. Morgan. Berning, Herman W.. Chapman. 
Joseph P.. Coleman. James I.. Corn. Paul J.. Cowilin. John 
C. Cox. Sull R., Curtis. Haro'd B., DeLacour, Harold F.. 
D? Vean. George P.. Emerson. Wilbur T.. Frank, uraham M.. 
Frelinghuysen. Frederick T., Gillet, Charles B. K , Griffi-hs. 
Frederick W., Hall. Frank L . Hayman. Benjamin E.. Heffer- 
man. George P.. Henderson. Peter. Hull. Kenneth I)., 
Leffertf, Oscar L.. Lewis. Frank B.. Marvin. William G.. 
-McMichacl. Roseino S., McNeill, Bert. Miller. George N.. 
O'Conner. Kenneth A.. Pearson. Frederick H.. Perry. Thorn- 
ton T.. Poor. Francis L., Pray. Thornton C. Quick. Au^liii 
T., Reid, Howell L.. Roberts. Harry Jr.. Shakelford. William 
T . Shaw. Charles G.. Slattery, John W.. Smith. Charles R., 
Stone, Frank H.. Strong. William M.. Thornton. Ernest G., 
Ti?rett, Augu:tus K.. Vaughan, Curtis V.. Weinhardl. 
Rcbert A.. Wells. Ray D.. Westcn, John C , Wilson. Harold 
D.. Wcodard. John D.. Zogbaum. Harry St. Clair. Shaw, 
Charles G., Leonard, Edgar W., Le Boutillier, Thos. 



CLASS No. 9, DECEMBER 2irrH. 1917, 

Babcock, Hnward C, Baxter. John, Birdsall. Carl A.. 
Borzynski. Felix. Bryant. Henry S.. Bunting. Wade H., 
Caddagiin. Cornelius H.. CaEsel.=, Jame.s H.. Clark. James 
G. Jr., Cohen. Abe W.. Crane, Percy T., Crawford. Daniel. 
Crowell. Howard H.. Culpepper. Arthur M.. Curry. Charles 
F.. DeNio, Earl W.. Diebel. Alfred J.. Disher, Harry P.. 
Dixon. Joseph F., Doheny, Clittord J.. Dcnoho. Murry T . 
Downs. Wilbur H.. Elliott, William A.. Good, Francis J., 
iiarmel, Fa)k. Harwood. Herbert E.. Harrington. Chas. P., 
Kennedy, James A.. Kerr. Robert H . Knurison. Herluf A.. 
Lockwnod, Paul L.. McClintock, Wilson S.. IWcConnell. 
Walter B.. Moore. Kenneth A.. Murrow, Roy H.. Netf. 
Clarence A . Noel. Olen W., Norment. Edward U.. Price, 
Ke.meth G.. Rice. Williim T., Rosebbium. Ciiarhs, Scarboro, 
William F.. Scribner, Warren F., Shir-CIitf. Bernard \V.. 
Stewart, Hyland' P. Jr.. Staley. Walter J., Stursis. Henry S.. 
Swann. Samuel D.. Tuten. James A.. Vail. Walter L. Jr.. 
W'illin.gham. Harris E.. Wright. Edmund C, Young. 
Benjamin C. 

CLASS No. 10, JANUARY .5TH. 1918. 

Allen, William L.. Andres. Stephen 0.. Baldwin. 
Maurice B.. Banks, Donald B.. Brownback. Henry L.. Cahill. 
Harold V., Carrington. George D.. Chalaron. Chas. A.. 
Churchill, Walter A.. Coleman. George D.. Craig, Edwin P., 
Croen. Herman F.. Crnnielin. Paul B.. Crouse. Rush F.. 
Crutcher, Merlin F.. Davitt. James L.. Denison. John W., 
Denton, George R. S.. Foster. Roy W.. Edwards. Paul. Fox, 
William L.. George. Edgar F.. Hind. Harry L., Holtz, Dennis 
D.. Isaacs. Sidney. Johnson. Roy L.. Johnson, Victor H., 
Jones, Glenburn M.. Kimball, Joseph S.. King. Thomas E.. 
Knowles, William. H., Laws. Silas I.. LeRoyer. Charles P.. 
Luecke, Christian H. W., MacBey. John S.. McCarthy. John 
F., McMahon. John B.. McShane. Edward C. J.. McSherry, 
Charles E., Newcomb. John A.. Nitchke. Hilliare F., Pierce, 
Raymond C. Prussian. Aaron. Putman. Willard S.. Quirk. 
Justin P., Richardson. Ernest L.. Rogers. Boynton R.. 
Rosenfield, Harold, Ross. Glenn T.. Shippy. Leo C. Slentz. 
l^loyd G., Smith. Edson S.. Snedicor. Howard T., Stockard. 
Lester N., Stouffer. Samuel M.. Taylor. Floyd 0., Tyssow;ki, 
Joseph G.. Wade, Andrew W., Walker. Clarence N.. Wallers. 
John !<:., Weathers, Paul D.. Wright. Norman H. 

CLASS No. 11. JANUARY 12TH. 1918. 

.\ulni:inu. Kobtit C. Benjamin. Hamilton F.. Bent, 
George .M.. Bourgoine. Joseph J.. Brady, Herman G.. Byrne. 
John J.. Cassidy, Holland M.. Catching. Harry H.. Charles. 
Willia. H.. Cliristtna, Edwin E.. Clark. Russell. Conwas . 
William E. Crocker. Ztnas Jr.. Currier, Richard. Daiger. 
(has. B. Jr.. David. Earl. Devers, John M., Dick. Kenneth 
\V., Duncan. Robert H., Dwyer. Daniel L.. Flack. Harold, 
Fjrncy, .-Vrrian H., Gilbert. Charles T.. Greene, William, 
Griggs, Milton VV.. Hannum. George H., Hansberger. Ernest 
S.. Haver. George R.. Mine. William H.. Hurd, George N., 
Hurst Edward. Jarratt, Charles R., Jones. Lewis D.. Kelsey, 
James B., Kempter. Charles W.. Kiesw-elter. Edward W.. 
Kilcup. Norman L., Lewis. Charles W.. Lipscomb. William 
H,. Lockmon. John Q.. .Mills. John K. Palmer. Harold, 
Ptrkins, Gecrge H.. Radclilfe. Harry E., Rogers, Guy W., 
Rues. Frederick G.. Shauck. Robert W.. Shillingford. George 
W., Smart, Oliver M.. Stallenwerck, E. C, Straub. Von V.. 
Street. Richard H.. Teeple. Harry S.. Valentine. Henry D.. 
Van A!styne. Charles G.. Vonocker, Ira B . Vaughan, George 
Glenn, Ward. Paul. Webb. Elmer C. West. William M.. 
White, William W.. Yassenhoff, Leo. Young. Clarence H. 


Howard Baxter. Frank Bradley. B. Bunting, C. Bentn?i. 
Norman Cattcral. George Carthart. Joseph S. Carusi, Hubert 
Davenport. Charles Dorkey, Charles Denham George Fishfr. 
Jacob P'ricdley. Edwin Gardner. Roger Gillis. Joseph Got- 
hard;. Frank V. Kelly. John iVIansfield, John McCoy, 
O'Brien. Anson Paj-ker, D. W. Stuart. Carl Schroedt;-. 
Charles Snrckner. Robert Suteliffe, "Sailor" Willard. 

LAST CLASS TO ENTER G. 0. T. S. JAN. 5. 1918 

A. W. Adams. F. W. .\llen. Fred A. Behr. Roy W. 
Chilson. Mtnefee Clancy. H. 0. Carroll. Edgar Driscoll. 
Edmund Fitzgerald. W. Hubbard. Z. Z. Hugus. Byron John 
son. H. D. Kroll, Charles Mackie. Gerald Murphy. Dan 
Nugent. F. A. C. Smith. Paul Stanwood. B. Schulein. R. W. 
Strong, "Sam" White. Hill. Grover. 



/ BILlS DUr 
iLaitHBirf-- i''s 

IPCOL 2.10 

BARBER -. I 90 I 

JrfliLOR. - .90) 

_JicflNTEEN - 5.00 





H i: M I M S C E N C E V O W D i: H S 


KKLLY <i. C). T. S. (1JU7) 

The sand and Hail Storm. Thursday January 10, 191S. 

Sweeping out of school rooms. Broom Squad. 

Troops leaving lor overseas, to rear of Barracks 1 
and 6 each morning. 

Hikes to Kelly Xo. 2 at 5:30 A. M. 

The line-up. to pay extra mess charges. 

Wood detail, stealing wood from the Chinese waiters 
at the Mess Hall. 

The fire-call at 4 A. .\I. one bitter— cold morning, and 
no fire. 

Daily drill in the DUST. 

The tag system which went into effect November 27. 

Trying to keep a towel white for two hours. 

Wearing handkerchiefs as masks during the dusi 

Daily — hourly rumors. Cum and died ivtry ft w 

The two daily visits cf the mail orderly. 

Memorizing the General Order.s. 

The Chow. 

The first few homesick days in Texas. 

Studying in the class rooms at night. 

Returning from San Antonio for retreat Sunday after- 

"All those who have business to transact in town may 
do so. but be back by 7:00 A. M." 

"All those going to Columbus will pile their lockers on 
the East end of the porch: those going to Atlanta, on the 
West end." 

The bulletin of January 10 — "School to close on the 

Graduation Day. 


What's yur name? 

What's yur name? (Silence) Never mind yur nanu', 
I got yur number. 

What's yur name? Donohne, is it? Very nice name. 
Take charge of the company. (To another) Harley, is it? 
Get his name, now step back in the rear rank, and don't 
ever let me see yur face again, as long as yur at this school. 
I'll have the Board of Officers sit on you, and I'll "help 
you out" all I can. 

Who recommended you? Well, he must have been a 
very good friend of yours. 

Keep them head and eyes off the ground. 

I wouldn't givf a nickel for your chances for a com- 

The Dissiplin here is going to be riggid hard. 

I'll never make a soldier out of you. (To one who's 
smiling) Smiling, are you? Get his name. Yur thirty 
miles from your commission! (To the same Cadet, again 
smiling) Now yur sixty miles from yur commission. A fine 
lot of officers you'll make. When the Germans see you. 
they'll laugh. 

Don't run up that cadence. 

To the r-r-r-rear — Don't anticipate the command! 

Don't do as I do. Do as yur told. 

(To a Cadet, expecting a reprimand) What's yur 
name Donohce? Are you kiddin' me? "No. sir. that's my 
name." That's a good name. Yur doin' fine! 

(He was one day illustrating a movement. Some one 
spoke out, but the Drill Sergeant couldn't discover who it 
was. He then took the names of the Cadets, one after an- 
other. As each one would reply that he heard nothing, he'd 
remark) Put his name down. He's unreliable. 

What's yur name? Carusi? You ought to be singinj; 
with Caruso in the opera. 

To the Plattsburgers — so you've bten to that picnic, 
have you? 

(To one fellow, who was rolling his "r"s.) Stop 
shaking yur "r"s. What do you think yu'r doing? The 
Hootchi Koochi? 

(A class leader was wanted. One Cadet volunteered.) 
What is yur experience? National Guard? I didn't ask 
for men with N. G. experience. I said Army experience. 
(Another volunteer stated that he had much experience al 
Plattsburg.) I didn't say Plattsburg cadets. 



We hear you're going to France 
To join the National Guard, 
We're glad you've got the chance, 
The Kaiser trained at Plattsburg, 
"A Picnic Sure For You." 
Be sure you get his number! 
With "Riggid Dissiplin," 
Good bye, 



OHE School of Military Aeronautics is of special in- 
terest to all Kelly Field men by virtue of the facl 
that a majority of the Cadets who come to Kelly to receive 
their flying instruction are men graduated from this 
Ground School. 

The first active steps toward the organization of this 
S. M. A. were taken when the University of Texas sen', 
three representatives to Toronto, Canada on May. 2nd. 
1917. to study the operation of the English Ground School 

On May 21st. 1917, the School was officially opened at 
Austin and a class of nine cadets began work. Originally 
it was the intention of those in charge that only 2C0 men 
should be instructed, with new classes of 25 men arriving 
successively for eight weeks. But owing to pressing need 
for men. this quota was soon increased! to 500 and then 
to 1.200 men. Eighty-one classes or squadrons have grad- 
uated from the institution up to the present time. Out of 
6.000 Cadets who have entered the S. M. A. approximately 

4.800 have graduated and gone to flying fields. The largest 
number of Cadets in attendance at any one time was 1,335. 

The barracks capacity is about 1,300 men. allowing 
at least 50 square feet of floor space per man. The Mess 
Hall has a capacity of 1,400 and the Class Rooms and 
Laboratories are equipped to accommodate from 1.200 to 
l.oCO students. 

The school is operated by the University of Texas for 
the Unted States Government. The University is under 
contract to furnish the necessary physical accomodations, 
instructors and materials and the Government pays a tui- 
tion for each man who enters. The University is operat- 
ing the School at cost, its interest being purely that of 
patriotism, and when the S. M. A. closes the University 
will not be one dollar richer or one dollar poorer than it 
was wlen the U. S. entered the war and the greai'st 
school of Military Aeronaut. cs began its career. 

The first cadet arrived at the School on May 19. 1917. 
The last one left en February 10. 1919. Between these 
dates. 5.959 men entered the school, and 4,614. or 77.9 per 
cent were graduated. 


« . •< 


"-../f -^ 





Over the State House 




Mr?. MAL. C W£AVf:JP 



S. M. A. Stolf 

— 16G— 


CAP7" .■* . .-..".vr 

Photos by Jensen-Raymer 


1 — Relreal. 2 — At play. 3 — Mess Hall. 4 — Academic Board. 5- Arrivals. 6 - Preparing lor inspection. 



8. M. A. Ufficers 

Photo by JensenRaymer 

FROM IiEFT TO RIOHT: I>ower Bow — Elias H. Krow, 
1st Menu. A. S., M. A.: Thomas J. Webster, 1st Lleul. A. S.. 
M. A.; William J. Spencer, Capt. A. S,, M. A.; L. Theo Bell- 
mont. Capt. A. S.. M. A.; Theodore L. Bailey, Capt. A. S., 
M. A.: Barton K. Yount, Major A. S., M. A.; Roger Amory. 
Capt. A. S., M. A.; Jesse S. Reeves. Capt. A. S., M. A.: Frank 
A. Johnston, Capt. M. R. C. ; Chas. L, Andrews, 1st I>ieut. 
Uental Corps: Frank R. Day. 1st Lieut. A. S., M. A,. Top Bow 

—Thomas G. Fitzhueh, 2nil Lieut. A. S.. II. A.; William A. 
Wade, 1st Lieut. A. S., M. A.; Bertra E. Giosecke, 2nd Lieut. 
."V. S., M. A.: William Nason, 1st Lieut. A. S., M. A.; Jas. 
S. Rnsan, 1st I-ieut. A. S., M. A.: Carl D. ilatz. 1st Lieuc. 
A. S., M. A.; Charles Moore, Capt. M. R. C; Edwin L. Porch, 
Jr., 1st Lieut. A. S., M. A.: John H. Tlmbennan. 1st Lieut. 
M. R. C. ; James L. Thomas, 2nd Lieut. A. S., M. A.: Theophilus 
C. Paintei-, 1st Lieut. A. S., M. A.; Hal C. Weaver, 1st Lieut. 
A. S., M. A.; Joseph W. Ramsey, 1st Lieut. A. S., M. A. 

S. M. A. InstruclorH 



1. Rawls. Stewart, 2. Callicut. Madison. 3. Howell. Earle 
T., 4. Gatlin. E. D., 5. Basford. John A., 6. Warren. Wni. B.. 
7. Williams. Harrv F., 8. Gulick. Charles. 9. Schmitt. Fred 
W., lU. Jackson, Daniel W.. 11. Ropert. Wm. P.. 12. Fristoe, 
Horace M., 13. Barrow, L. T.. 14. Strickland. S. J., 15. 
Throne, R. F.. 16. Runge. Carl. 17. Xaeter. Albiechi, 18. 
Boes. Carl L... 19. Keck. Rav M. 20. Williams. Fleetwood. 
21. Reese. Carl F., 22. Drumright. McNeil. 23. Ganimel. H. 
P. N.. Jr.. 24. Zant. L. N.. 2.5. Bowell. L. F., 26. Williams. 
Clias. B.. 27. Field. Hugh T.. 28. Bleck. Alfred H.. 29. 
Damon, Willie S. E.. 30. Brooks. Preston P.. 31. Taylor. Lloyd 
W., 32. Aflamson, W. H.. 33. Dougherty. Starke C. 34. Fitz- 
hugh. Lieut. Thos. C. 35. Brown. J. F.. 36. Wear. John P.. 
37. Withers. Robt. E.. 38. Smith. Miles C, 39. McComas. 
W. G., 40. Little, Harry M.. 41. Black. Hulon W., 42. 
Brittain. Wayne R.. 43. Hockadav, Olin S.. 44. Oheim. Curl 
L.. 45. Tanner. James W.. 46. Mahan. Dwight S.. 47. Kirk. 
W. J., 4S. Warren. Randolph. 49. Montgomery. Oscar D.. 50. 
Bailc-y. E. A.. 51. Schutze. C. A., 52. Wllkie. A. A.. hi. 
Whitoaker. J. E., 54. Jackson. R. Hal. 55. Darter. Wm. A., 
56. Jenkins. Raymond L.. 57. Dellis. J. L.. 58. Thomas. A. E., 
59. Niven, Kingsley B., 60. Mankowski. F. W., 61. Ratcliffe, 

Wm. H., Jr.. 62. Wilmeth. Roscoe. 63. Folts. Thos. W.. 64. 
Weger, Chester E., 65. Downing. Dallas L.. 66. Weeg. Wm. 
J., 67. Saeger. A. L.. 68. Archer. Oscar B.. 69. Bowles, Care> 
E.. 70. Kiel. Leslie L.. 71. Baker. William L.. 72. Mason. 
Howard. 73. McLean. Rov J.. 74. Metz. Roscoe S.. 75. Clark. 
Clifford W., 76. McGuire. Wm. K.. 77. Penick. E. Tom. 78. 
Walker. Louis B.. 79. Nichols, Robt. G., 80. Powell, Ward B.. 
81. Nalle. George S.. 82. Grav. Louis N.. 83. Bailey. 
Carlton L.. 84. Harrit. Chas.. Jr.. 85. Stohl. Carl V.. 
86. Kellev, Edwin T.. 87. Ross. Albert. 88. Young, Arthur 
W.. 89. Campbell, J. E.. 90. Sauer. H. W.. 91. Hall. Wm. K.. 
92. Dowlen. A. P., 93. Sharp, Xoryille. 94. Carter, John D., 95. 
Howerton. John C, 96. Burnhard. O. Mannie. 97. Netzer. 
Frederick S.. 98. Wroe, Edwin S.. 99. Luckey. Raymond. 
100. Ferguson. Jas. B.. 101. Weaver, Lieut. Hal C. 102. 
Willson. R. K.. 103. Bryant. J. M.. 104. Correll, Jas. A.. 105. 
McDonnell. .Vllan V.. 106. Morris. Fred, 107. Baker. Ernest. 
108. Granberry. Read. 109. Berkley, Wm. E., 110. Randolph. 
Ralph. 111. Hutchinson. Lewis C. 112. Runge. Roscoe, 113. 
Heath. Woodsim F., 114. Padgett. J. P., 115. Grissom. Roland 
L.. 116. Merrill. Geo. M. 117. Schmitt. Karl H 


( ailstluMiics 

Austin S. M. A. 

1 he Faiuuiis (JlaMS iiisijiuia 


XE of the unique features of the School oi .Military 


HArrcnauticE of Austin, Texas, was the class insignia, 
I iiuns: on the front of the class building by the 

graduating classes. The accon:p-nyin5 photograph shows 
niost of these devices as they appear on the face of G. Hall. 

Some of the signs are hung on the sidts of the portico 
and do net show in the photograph. One or two of the 
others were put on different buildings, and Stiuadron 31 
erected at their graduaticn a stent flagpole in front of the 
hcadiiuarters office upon which is inscribed their names. 

The custom started from a tradition of the University 
of Texas, where the school was first located. An old iron 
water tank stands on the campus and each year the fresh- 
men attempt to place the numerals of their class on the 
tank. One of the early squadrons of the school had a num- 
ber of university men in it and they climed the tank and 
rudely painted their squadron number thereon. Each sue- 

cteding class followed the example, and each succeeding 
design was more artistically worked out. When the school 
was moved to its final location, the insignia were painted 
upon squares cf tin and mounted on the front of the 

All sorts of clever ideas were portrayed in these 
insignia. Several had indirect references to such term as 
"ace," the ring device of the air service, eagles, machine 
guns, the wings, etc. Perhaps the most striking one is that 
of Squadron 40. the large sign above the door. An American 
plane is shown riddling the German flag. The plane is 
modelled from wood, and the effect is unusually good. All 
in all. the insignia are a remarkable collection. 

It is probable that these insignia will be included in 
the great collection of War Records being compiled by the 
University of Texas. They will certainly be preserved, as 
they are the only thing of the kind in existence anywhere. 




LASS 15 was the first to sraduate after the school 
was removed from the University to the final 
location which was formerly the State School for 
the Blind. 

The insignia represents an airi)lanE flying over Potsdam 
castle, dropping a bomb on the biiildins, typifying deEtruc 
ticn to the Kaiser. 

Sixteen is a simple device of the United States shield, 
crossed by airplane propellers. 

Seventeen shows an airplane and the ace of diamond.s 
The aim of the members of this class wa.s to be "aces." 

Twenty one depicts the Goddess of Liberty holding aloft 
the airplane which was to enlighten the world. 

Twenty-tw'o shows an aviator ready to make his flight 

Twenty-three shows a Texas star through which has 
btirst a full-fledged airplane. 

Twenty-four has reference to flying instructions. 

Twenty-five shows the eagle in the Air Service in- 
signia circle. 

Twenty-six means death to militarism. The design 
was chosen as a remembrance of an accident which caused 
the death of one of the men on January 5, 1918. 

Twenty-eight depicts the old air i mblem in symbolic 

Twenty-nine shows an air fight, with the enemy plane 
in flames. 

Thirty depicts the rising sun. and grotip of airplanes in 
formation, signalling the coming of Squadron 30 in the 
dawn to demolish Kaiserism. 

Thirty-one erected the flag pole from which flew the 
United States flag. 

Thirty-three depicts the symoblic ea,gle carrying de- 
struction in the form of a bomb. 

Thirty-four chose a pair of winged dice as their class 
emblem, this class becoming famous for several active 
"African golf" players who placed the class in disrepute and 
nearly lost their graduating certficates, besides being con- 
fined to the reservation for the remainder of their stay 
at S. M. A. 

Thirty-five shows a clock typifying the twelve classes 
with propellers for hands, the face ot the clock being the 
U. T. star. 

Thirty-six. This squadron lost a great number of men 
through set-backs on account of changing from an eight 
week to a twelve w-eek course, and their emblem depicts a 
ladder with broken rungs, at the top of which is the 
aviators' insignia for which mey are striving. 

Thirty-seven shows a formation flight. 

Thirty-eight pictures Uncle Sam with a horn of plenty 
from which fly many planes. 

Thirty-nine adopted the Winged Pegasus as the class 

Forty is the largest emblem, depicting an airplane 
tearing through a German flag. The designers ot thi.s 
emb!em came near getting into trouble on account of a 
false interpretation of its meaning. 

Forty-one describes an air route with starting point 
at S. M. A., to flying field, then to the port of embarkation, 
and to the front. The map course was increased during 
the time of this class, which caused worry to man\ — hence 
the significance of this emblem. 

Forty-two shows an American eagle flying into the 
clouds with a German flag in its talons. 

Forty-three shows that Uncle Sam's hat is still in th»t 

Forty-four. An American eagle overlooking the world 
with Allied flags as a background. 

Forty-five is an ambitious emblem — an eagle trans- 
fcrmed into an airplane flying over the German Empire 
with a pennant on which is "Democracy — Freedom" in its 
beak, with the Kaiser seized in its talon? and the motto 
'Sic Semper Tyrannus" over head. 

Forty-six. An American eagle hovering over a nest of 
baby eagles transformed into airplanes as they fly away. 

Forty-seven shows a steep hill, with varying grades 
denoting the difficulty in the paths of these who were going 
through ground school, the way growing harder with each 
succeeding week, from A to M. 

Forty-eight chcse a horse-shoe as its emblim. due to 
several of the class members carrying with them a "lucky 
horse shoe." 

Fifty shows the American flag as an airplane flying 
from the Goddess of Liberty to the Eiffel tower. 

Fifty-one shows an attractive monogram device with 
an airplane formed of the letters of Texas. S. M. A. and 
U. S. A. 

Fifty-three is a compass, the points being marked with 
the flags of the Allies. 

Fifty-four is an American Indian. 

Fifty-five shows a shield and aviator's insignia. 

Fifty-six lost the least number of men through failure 
of any class and chose the four leaf clover as emblematic 
of the fortune.5 of its members. 

Fifty-eight is a simple device — a checkerboard typify- 
ing the willingness of these "pawns" to be moved according 
to the game. 

Fifty-nine shows an emblazoned shield with an eagle 
whose wings form t'ne American flag and the squadron 
number in Old English beneath. 

.Sixty "The New Excalibur" Squadron 60 called itself, 
the device being the sword of Excalibur through the wings 
of a plane. 

Sixty-two shows the sword of Kultur broken by lightn- 
ing bolts, symbolizing the power of the Air Force in win- 
ning the war. 

Sixty-three depicts a game cock, with the motto "Up 
and At 'Em" to show the gameness of the squadron. 

Seventy-three is an attractive design composed of the 
Air Service insignia with a streamer upon which is written 
"Illinois." This quadron was composed of Illinois men. 

Seventy-seven shows an eagle overlooking an aero- 

Seventy-eight is the .\ir Service device, with its rings 
of red, white and blue. This is the last insignia, except 
the one opposite, placed there by the authorities, showing a 
locked door and bearing the simple w-ords: "S. M, A. — 

So great a squadron spirit was developed, that even 
after going across Austin S. .M. A. boys kept up the school 
traditions, and developed squadron devices even on the 
lighting line. A graduate cf S. M. A. of a January. 1918. 
class did valiant service as an observer in France. The 
squadron with which he was associated chose the "Old 
Dutch Cleanser" girl as its insignia — to show that they 
were going to clean up the "Boche." Sentiment and humor 
— no wonder our boys won the war! 


S. M. A. "ACES" 

Frank Luko, Jr., II. K. Clay. Jr.. L,. A. Hamilton, Edgar Tobin. 

Name Entered 

Bellows, Franklin B Nov. 27. 1917 

Brewster, Hugh June 25, 1917 

Brown, Mitcliell H Nov. 21, 1917 

Clement, Arthur F Dec. 22, 1917 

Collins, Kenneth G Tan. 5, 1918 

Clay, Henry R.. Jr June 4, 1917 

Donaldson. John () Nov. 12, 1917 

Erwin. William P Aug. ii, 1917 

Farouhar. Arthur D June l.i. 1917 

Goodman, Richard Sept. 28, 1!»17 

Johnson, Gosta N June 17, 1917 

Jones. Arthur H Feb. 17, 1918 

Kaye, Samuel, Jr June 11, 1917 

Luke, Frank, Jr Sept. 29, 1917 

McClendon. Joel H Mav 22, 1917 

Meyer, Walter T Julv 11, 1917 

Mitchell, Ohle lulv 17, 1917 

Porter. Earl W Se'pt. 10,1917 

Shelton, William B Sept. 1. 1917 

Stokes, John Y.. Jr July 22, 1917 

Sweetser. Norman June 16, 1917 

Tobin, Edgar G Mav 22, 1917 

Warner, Donald B Sept". 2S, 1917 

Wehner, Joseph F June 28, 1917 


Graduated Status 

.January 5, 1918 Observer., 

, .August 4, 1917 Pilot.. 

January 12, 1918 Observer.. 

.February 16. 1918 Pilot.. 

.March 9, 191 S Pilot.. 

.July 30, 1917 Pilot.. 

.Ian. 4. 1918 Observer.. 

-Sept. u. 1917 Pilot.. 

-Aug. 14. 1917 Pilot.. 

.Nov. 24. 1917 : Pilot.. 

.July 21. 1917 Pilot.. 

.March 29. 1918 Pilot.. 

.July 21. 1917 Pilot.. 

.Nov. 24, 1917 Pilot.. 

.July 14. 1917 Pilot.. 

.Sept. 22. 1917 Pilot.. 

.Aug. IS, 1917 Pilot.. 

.Nov. 3, 1917 Pilot.. 

Oct. 27. 1917 Pilot.. 

.Sept. 15. 1917 Pilot.. 

.Aug. 14. 1917 Pilot.. 

.July 14. 1917 Pilot.. 

.Nov. 24, 1917 Pilot.. 

.Aug. 27. 1917 Pilot.. 

Honor Received 
. D. S. C. 
. D. S. C. 
. 1). S. C. 

Italian Croce Al Merito Di Guerra 

Italian Croce Al Merito Di Guerra 
. D. S. C. (British) 
. D. S. C. (British) 
. D. S. C. 

Italian Croce Al Merito Di Guerra 
■ Italian Service Ribbon 
-Italian Croce Al Merito DI Guerra 

D. S. C. 
. D. S. C. 
. D. S. C. 
. D. S. C. 

Italian Service Ribbon 
.Italian Croce Al Merito Di Guerra 
. D. S. C. 
. Italian Citation 
. D. S. C. 
.Italian Citation Mnd Italian Croce Al 

Merito Di Guerra 
. D. S. C. 
. D. S. C. 
. D. S. C. 


Name • Squadron llace of Death Date of Death 

Anderson, T. C 40 Love Field Inne 27, 191S 

Bellows, li^anklin B 28 In action Sept. I.'?, 191S 

Bnardman, \ inson R 29 Unknown Unknow^n 

Brooks, Sydney 4 San Antonio Nov. 12. 1917 

Bruce. Parker 30 Dove Field Sept. 16. 1918 

Burnett. Howard D 50 Barron Field Oct. 29, 191S 

Campbell. F. C. Jr 41 Fort Worth August 30, 191S 

Chilton. Arch 14 France .Oct. 2, 1918 

Cochran, Robt. J 29 In action Oct. 10. 1913 

Conant, Earl N 41 S. M. A., Austin April 30, 1918 

Crumb, Harris E 28 In action Sept. 30, 191S 

Currie. Paul M 32 Kellv Field Mav 28, 19IS 

Davidson, Edward C 28 Kingsville Sept. 17. 191S 

Davis. Louis E 24 Ellington Field Mav 10. 19IS 

Davis. W. K 41 Kellv Field Sept., 1918 

Dodd. Sydney S 44 Gerstner Field August SO, 191 S 

Earle, Marion M 23 Ellington Field March 14, 1918 

Elliott, Hammett K 23 Ellington Field Unknown 

Ervin. John B 32 Mineola. N. Y Mav 8, 1918 

Flacherty. Joe C 64 Lincoln. Neb Oct.' IS. 1918 

Forlies, Earl 17 Tn action Sept. 27. 1918 

Giddings. Lee C 29 Bellville, 111 June 11. 1918 

Gideon. Geo. S 34 Brinkley Field .\ugust 16, 1918 

.France Sept. 17, 1918 


Goodfellovv. John J., Jr 12 

Greer, J. Fr.ank 4 

Haltom, Travis M 19...'.'.'.'.'. Gerstner Field June 7. 191S 

Harper, Davis H 30 S. M. A.. Austin Jan. 2 

Herriett Paul ' 34 Camp Hicks Mav I 

Hiestand. Ben 26 Dorr Field Unknown 

Holladay, H, W 27 Kellv Field March 14. 191,^ 

Insinger. John 30 Love Field April, 1918 

Jeremy, Ralph E 31 Mineola Mav 9. 1918 

Keeling, Walter S 33 Carruthers Field Sept. 10, 1918 

Konantz. Joseph S 63 Camp Dick Unknown 

Luke. Frank. Jr 20 In action Sept. 30, 1918 

Mct^lanahan. Harry H 34 Park Field Jan. 20, 1918 

McGuire, H. F S. M. A.. Austin 

Mat tern. 1st Lieut. G. A 33 San Diego Unknown 

McCIindon. Joel H 1 In action August 11, 1918 

McCorrnick. John F 8 In action Nov. 7, 1918 

Mav, Joseoh D 5 Kelly Field Mav 9, 1918 

Millican, Earl C 57 New Jersey Oct, 14. 1918 

Morse. <^uy E 28 To action.." Sept. 16. 1918 

Nugent L. J 23 Ellington Field April 6. 1918 

O' Daniel. James A 29 In France Unk"own 

O'Malley. Joseph J 27 Love Field June 4. 191< 

Passwater. Chas. B 33 Hempstead. L. I May 28. 1918 

Penn. Eugene D 11 Italv Unknown 

Peters. J. S 41 Kellv Field Julv 18. 1918 

Prentice. Lee C 28 In action August 1. 1918 

Rerifield, Lieut. John T 29 In France Ausrust 22. 191S 

Richards. John F ] In action Sept. 26. 1918 

Ristinne. Richard H 24 Lake Charles Tulv 23, 1918 

Rust. Cha.s. E 42 In action Oct. 11, 1918 

Sanger Capt. Ralph 37 In Fiance August 30, 1918 

Sebring. Raymond R. Lieut 29 In action Sent. 7, 1918 

Simnkins. James C IS Tn action Sept. IS. 1918 

Smith. Frank H 32 Taliaferro Field Unknown 

Snyder. J. L .^1 Ben Brook Field Julv 21, 1918 

Tanner. Herbert J 19 

Tanner, Olaf J 32 Ben Brook Field Julv 21, 1918 

Taylor, Everett A 15 In action Sept. 27, 1918 

Thigpen. 2nd Lieut. A. J 30 Mather Field Sept. 27, 1918 

Thomas, Chas. B 25 Selfridge Field Sept. 9. 1918 

Van Alest. Adrian C 41 Unknown Unknown 

Webster. Harrv J 34 Unknown Unknown 

Wier. Wm. V 4S Love Field Julv 31, 1918 

Wood, Jackson B 63 Camp Dick Oct. 18, 1918 

Wehner. J. F 7. 



Photos by Jordan 

Upp-T left, Capitol of Texas; unper right. "Deep EJJy." Pool; center left. Colorado River; center right, approach to Texas 
~ State University; lower left, scene near Colorado River Dam; lower right, Highway Bridge over Colorado River 



CI.ASS 1, JULY 14, 1917. 

Richler. Jr.. Piiul. .Mniu.smi, Win. (i., Kiclianis. .lolwi !■".. 
Bower. Burnette O.. Tobin. Edgar G., Person, Oliver S., Gude, 
Oscar J. Jr.. Mathew.s. Alexander F". 

CLASS 2, JULY 21, 1917. 

Ball, R. O.. Hracki-tl. Jack. Llaiiics. e". C. llarkin.s. S. W.. 
Hine. Virgil, Johnson. Costa N.. Kaye. Samuel, Krueger, II. 1'.. 
Smith. E. L,., Sparks. Jno. P.. T.vler. R. C. Tittnian. H. H. 

CLASS 8, SEPTEMBER 1, 1»17. 

Brown. \V. .\.. Cart.r, K.. (•la\. II. It.. Cousins. \V. S.. De 
Garmo, L. H.. Foster. A. L,.. Greenwellv. B. T.. Hewitt. 1.,. R., 
Johnson, C. B.. Mason, H. Jl.. Mooney. T. F.. Robertson, A. \V.. 
Simonston. S. I).. Selilen. (^. G.. Whilins?. G. c.. Williams. P. S. 

CLASS 4, AUGUST 4, 1917. 

I'avid S. Bondorant. Hugh Bruwster. Sidnev J. Brooks 
Lane T. Chandler. Wm. T. Doran. Jas. K. Greer. T. Hughes 
Ireland. Jas. A. Me.\yeal. Chas. D. McCuIlough. Karl Mc- 
Donald, Harris C. Rolierts. Kinory A. Samson. William J 

CLASS 13, CCTOBEB 6, 1917. 

Walter C. 
Myrle K.. 

Howard I)., .\lliert, 

Henr,\- J.. Cameron, 

, h'ow'lor, Wm. W.. 

O'Longhlin. John !■". 

Ruliin. Karle V'. 

CLASS S, AUGUST 11, 1917. 

Abney. Louis I>.. Adrianc-r, liuv W.. Bailev, Klmer S, 
Buckner, Frank. Byrne. Wm. J.. Caiuitwell. Jas W.. Chapman 
Wm. v.. Faniuhar. A. D., Forden. T. N.. Garnett. Joe M.. Hill. 
A. B., Hooks. A. J.. Keen. Curtis A.. King. George Letzig 
Frank W.. Mason, .Joseph J.. May. James DeG.. McCain, George, 
McCart, John L.. Meraux. J. C. Melville. Philip. Miller. Milo 
H.. Mitchell. Orion. Moore, \\'iii. H.. Orladv. Horace P. Oti. 
Lenw.)od. Pendleton. T. T.. Potts. Paul M.. Ridling. Little, 
fahankle. Clarence, Stone, Hubert L., Sweetzer, .\orman War- 
ner, R. Monte. 

CLASS 6, AUGUST 18, 1917. 

James B. Bailey. T. L. Braill'.n.l. S. .\. Buekmaster. F M 
Daugherly. A. R. Flpperson, F. S. Estill. W. H. Fries. F R 
Hall. A. W. Johnson. W. W. Kellog. Oble Mitchell. T. L. Rouse. 
W. H. Rowell. Donald Smith. P. .\. Smith. Richard Wagner 
Reginald Whitney. 

CLASS 7, AUGUST 25, 1917. 

Bailey, J. W., Barksdaley, E. H., Bennett. H. P.. Billups. 
V. T., Bird, A. T., Birkctt, H., DeCourcev, W. E., Deverv. J. J.. 
Fritz. .\. S. G., Gaipa, .V. \.. Hardin, T. P.. Horn. A. I'"., Jones, 
E. D.. Keeney. C. W.. Knight. C.. Luhr. F.. Mc.-Vteer. J. T., 
McClushion, J. P., Martin, W. T., Maupin, J. H.. Meister, L. 
G., Pierce. H. M.. Potter, R. F.. Pyle. C. Ragsdale. F. G., 
Roberts, A. M., iiobison. R. T.. Soniers. R. C. G., Stone, I., 
Thompson. W. A.. Touchstone. G. R. Wegener J t' Wehner 
.1. W.. Wicks. Ct. W., Wiiinl.le, c. 

CLASS 8, SEPTEMBER 1, 1917. 

Amon. H. L., Atkinson, Geo., Baker, Edward, Bowden, L. 
M., Brooks, Wm.. Buchanan, M. J.. Burky, R. C. Coffee, R. C, 
Connolly, F. X.. Davies. J. M.. Duncan. C. E.. Endler. J. C, 
Eubank, E. L.. Fish, H. H.. Jr.. Franklin. K. W.. Gallagher. J.. 
Griffin. B. H., Haizlip. Jas.. Hardv, E. J., Hewitt. E. W.. Mc- 
Cormick. J. F., McGrady, .1. I^.. Milhain. George, Mills. E. H.. 
Muller, H. P.. Peake. E. E.. Price, L. G.. Reed. B. P. Russ. 
Glen F.. Southworth. Wm.. Thomsen. Wm. .\. V'.. Thompson 
Beverly, Wainwright, A. C.. Watsmi. S. .\1., Weaver. Phil A. 

CI.ASS 9, SEPTEMBER 8, 1917. 

AUein. Henry C. Brooks. John Prentice, Biggs. James B., 
Bishop, Girald C. Bowen. Scott Howe. Bach. Hollis S.. Corning. 
Duaiie i~>.. Centner. William Frederick. Callander. Marshall ('.. 
Clarkson, Cyrus Emory, Cowham. Roliert Neil. I.iuddh-ston. 
Charles Spafford. Deshong. Floyd Matthews, Dawson. Joseph 
Meadows, Follmer, Harold William. Fernandez. Joe. Gerwig. 
Percy McGrew, Goodj-ear, Robert l-'ranklin. Haskins, Josepli 
F.. llyde, Clarence E.. Johnston. Edward McKeehan. Johnson. 
J. Thadd, Jackson. David Raymond, Jennings, W. Peyton. 
Jennings, Robert Quincy, Klyver, Russell Henry, Lewis, Bur- 
ton Frederick, Lynch, Francis Jay, Mitchell, Horace W.. Mc- 
Laughlin. Ralph David. Ray, James Garrett, Simpson, Jesse 
Ward. Sandefur. Thomas Perlette. Scott. Thomas Richard. 
.Slocum. Paul Frederick. Trevellyan, Vernon Blake, Willis. 
Hugh Kinley. Worthington. James Russell. Weclilingtoii. Harry. 
Wo ijjka. Walter Martin. Zeliner. Harry William. 

CLASS 10, SEPTEMBER 15, 1917. 

.\mbrister. Hubert. Aiehibald. II. S.. liradfield. Wm. L.. 
Caldwell. Fenton. Erwin. William P.. Follmer. H. W.. 
Geisendorf, L. G.. LeMar. Harold .\.. Malcnim. Jas. C., Mc- 
CuIlough, Leland, Riddick, Merrill K., Scott. William T.. 
Stokes. Melmoth Y.. Ward. Paul. Willis. Hugh I".. Young. 
Alden S. 

CLASS 11, SEPTEMBER 22, 1317. 

.•\ldworth. Itichanl T.. Baker, .lohn c., Bissonnette. .\rtluir 
T.. Bone. D. S.. Bromley. Tom B.. Brown. Edward L.. Brown, 
Homer L., Brown, Rodger P., Faulk, Clyde O.. Hofmeister. 
Louis C, Hunnam, Richard O.. Landr.N", Barney M.. Mathews, 
Sam L.. Meyer. Walter T.. Nash, Lloyil N.. Nissley, John K.. 
Penn, Eugene D.. Pinklev. Horace L.. Porter. Paul C. Walers, 
Hubert H.. Walker, p'rank E.. Ward. Carroll K.. Wier. Frank. 

CLASS 12, SEPTEMBER 29, 1S17. 
Anderson. Emil S., Comniins. Charles M.. Cowart. William 
B., Dawson, Anhol A.. Dumas, Paul L.. Garrettson, Ray W., 
Goodfellow, John J., Hutchinson, James F., James. Van A.. 
King. William G., Meadows, Asbury W.. Moses. Harry B., 
Rynlker, Samuel W., Wright, Cameron. 

Toeodore W.. Ward, Jamr 

Phil I'.., .\rmstroiig. Norfleet E.. 
Don R., Cliff, Julien E.. Fertig. 
Harris, Clive, Leigh, Ben, Lee, 
, Pancoast, Henry L., l^owelson. 
Scale, Christopher C, Temple, 

CLASS 14, OCTOBER 13, 1917, 

Biggs, Ruben D., Boylan. E. R.. Burkhardt. Henry C. 
Coleman, Wm. B., Gibson, Henry P., Graham, Cyrus E.. Greer, 
Hal I., Gwinn, Joseph M.. Jr.. Harris. Irving I).. Ilaverly, 
Roljert, llowei-, \'irgil, Hudson, Chas. 1'"., Law. Wm. L., Mc- 
Neill, Aichibald, Miller, Merrill T., Ragland, Wm. E.. Roberts. 
Benj. H.. Sloane. Paul E.. Snyder. W. Hill, Stegall, B. I'., .Ir.. 
Warruni. N^ible. Weaver, Wiley, Willits, Sanforil. 

CLASS 15, OCTOBER 20, 1917. 

.\ustrom. I'"led 1.1.. Bbwitt, Toni S.. Blum. .lack. C.-lllloun. 
Ives. Catlin, Ben S.. Chilton. Arch. Corley. Bayard c., Faulk. 
Win. M.. Fullington, D. M.. Gilbert. Thos. L.. GodiUird, Nor- 
man T., Green. Eugene F.. Hambley, Jas, Y., Ilinernian. Chas. 
K.. Howell. Billy S.. Johnson. Howard A.. Jones, .\rclibnhl It., 
King, Wm. C.,' Laird, Clair B., Landsberg, Thos. 11.. Lee. 
Hamilton. Dalla, McKean, Elmo B.. Milburn, George R., Myres, 
Jefferson O.. Pettit. J. B., Poulton. John C. Robinson, Ernest 
C. Rogers, Edgar A., Slaughter. Edgar H.. Strong. .Mfreil R.. 
Taylor. Everett A.. Tlnmipson, Uobl K., Tm-ker. Rowan 11.. 
T.v nan. Edward W. 

CLASS 16, OCTOBER 27, 1917. 

.\dains. .\lfrcd .\.. .Adkins. Kyle C. Brutmi, |i.a\id D.. 
Copscy, Robert L.. Devaney. Leo G.. Dcibie. Rielianl 1... Dair. 
Ilarohl S.. Ferguson. Philip M.. Gardner. Richanl II.. Haiiiilton. 
Mark .\., Harwood, Wallace B.. Highley, Thomas II., Ilillman. 
.Mfred D., Johnson, Joseph K.. Kimlred, Herbert L., Lee, 
Tlu'ophilus, Jr.. Lomax. Thornton G.. .1 r.. McCurdy. .lohn A., 
Pi yton, Harry L.. Rudil. Guy K.. Shelton. William G.. .Sweeney, 
Hen A., Sweeney. Hart T.. Taylor, .lames G.. Walters. Harvey 
II.. Warrum, Andrew. 

CLASS 17, NOVEMBER 3, 1917. 

Adams. Harold D., Caniiil.Lil. toorge II.. Ciicliton. Prestoa 
L.. Curtis. Earl W., D'.^mbiogio, .Malcolm, Davies, Allen T.. 
Eales. Howard C. Forbs, Earl. Kimsey. William A., Leonard, 
Warren B., Mariin, Frank M.. Miller. Herbert W.. Porter, Earl 
W., Shir\er. Harold D.. Smitli. Lewis M., Smith, Perry H.. 
Talbol, Raymond P. 

CLASS 18, NOVEMBER 10, 1917. 

Adams, Chester A., Bradley, Carl R., Buckler, Douglas A., 
Callender, Alfred R., Crump, Don M., Easley. Sam A.. Jr„ 
Fritts, R. v., Giles, Braney M., Gill, Thomas II., Gittinger, 
Leonard .1., Hamilton, Arthur G.. Hebberd, James L., Hoefgen, 
Leonard E., Isbill, Paul M., Jenkins, Burris A.. Jr., Kavanaugh, 
Claud. Konantz. Charles H., Laird, John, Jr., Lees, Herbert G„ 
McCrum, Richard D., McFadden, Wilford, Jr.. McKenzie, 
Weslev R.. Meven, Bert P., Pence, Ferris K., Pendleton. .Mbert 
G.. Soldaiii. Clarence M., Wells. Earl W„ Williams. Robl. H.. 
Wilson. Russell B., Young D. Clyde. Simpkins, James C, 

CLASS 19, HOVEMBEB 17, 1917. 

Bibb. John T.. Jr.. Bigelow. James I-.. Curry. James T., 
Darlington, h'rank, Davis, Russell G.. Dean. John K.. Dolan, 
Harry, Gidjer, James L.. Hall, John C, Hallmn, Travis L„ 
llanley, Harold R., Howard, James G., Hunn, Win. F.. Kauff- 
man. Stephen T.. Lipscomb, MacDcniald E.. Lowiisliery, Guy T., 
McCune, Milo, McMinn. Wilev W., McWliorter, Ray S.. Meeker, 
Nathaniel II., Mellor. Lloyd E., Merrill, Keith B., Morrissey, 
Konstantin A., I'erry. Marnev D.. Ray. Paul M., Riddlesbarger. 
Rufus, Roberts, Gerald 1.. Roche, Walter, Steel, .\lbert S. .1.. 
.Stiller, George M., Sultan, Thomas P., Tanner. Hubert J.. 
Thompson. Arthur F., Wait, Harrv W.. Weisiger, Earl II.. 
While, Lloyd K., Williams. Fred F. 

CLASS 20, NOVEMBER 24, 1917. 

Allen, Richard C, Blair, Ben R.. Borum. Fred S., Br.idley. 
.\rtliur T., Butler, Judson R., Coles, Paul D.. Cooper. John H.. 
t.'rane, Lester S.. Crissev, Sherman B., Davis, Samuel H., 
Dick-l'(ddie, Wm. H.. Dorsett. Walkei C. Evans. I'.arl F„ 
l-'rankfort. I-^rederick. I-'rascr. Kenneth G., Gianniny, Lawrence 
G., Goodman. Richard. Hall. Robert K.. lines. Terrance W., 
Jagoe, Walker -M., Keys, .Arthur T., Kimmerle, August G., Kite, 
Warren P., Koontz, Lconidas L.. Luke. Frank. .Ir.. Mathews, 
.\mos M.. Nelson. Fred C.. Jr., Niedenneyer, I''rederick W.. 
Pe:erson. Percj- C.. Polk. (Jeorge W., Riedel. (leorge D.. Robin- 
son. Ward F.. Rogers. Lee H.. Schadt, Wm. F.. Sehreiber. 
Ernest !•'.. Slattery, Frank E., Smith, Harry G.. Snyder. Floyd, 
Thompson, Elmer O.. Turner, Robert, VVarner. Donald A., 
Weyant, Romer G„ Woodard, Granville O. 

CLASS 21, DECEMBER 1, 1917. 

.A.cheson. .-Mexaiitier M.. .went, Ira ,M.. Bowers. Eugene, 
Br.'iukman, Clarence. Brooks, Edward J.. Conwiiy. .lohn S.. Jr.. 
Glenn. Charles E., Hightower, Charles D., Lloyd, Lawrence A.. 
Massej'. Ra.vmond R.. MuUineaux. Lester R.. Oden. Clyde M., 
Plettner, Walter E., Sears, Louis A.. Sherman, Alsea C, 
Slaughter. Robt. L., Steele, Cyril H., Treon, Roland G.. Von 
Valtier, Ralph P., Willingham, James E., Welch, James W., 
Woeltjen, Herman H., Caraway, Talmadge E. 



CIiASS 22, DECEUBER 8, 1917. 

Andrews, Harol.l F., P.cresfor.l, I'liiil ('., Rl.iokburn. Border. 
Rower, Kavniond G., Charles. Wm. K., Gartz, Adolph F.. Jr.. 
(lodchn. Keuel A., Grantham. Harrv N.. Gregory, Alexander S., 
HavK, Wni. \V.. Heath. Wni. R.. Jr.. Herring. Llo.vd H., Jr.. 
Iloi-ii. Ernest G.. Johnson. Rollin G., King, Olen, MaitlanU, 
i.ester J., Mann. Alfred C Monteilh, Chas. X.. Petree. Lee W., 
Katliffe, Geo. T., Roby, Townslev N.. Roehlk, John. Rule. 
William G.. Sehaupp. John M.. Jr., Sevey. Wm. B.. Shinn. Earl 
W.. Shrader. Harlan L... Smith, Leonce II.. Smith, R. M.. 
.-^toiner. Jiiliu.s L.. Steward. Lewis H.. Tenhope. Jerr.v J.. 
Velden, Klling H.. Walton. Chas. W., Walker. Ralph G., Wake- 
f.eld. .Milton H.. White. Joseph T.. Willctt. Albert B.. Winn, 
Edward \... Wnlf. Harry J.. Yonn-_'.r. .lohn K. 

CI-ASS 23, DECEOIBER 15, 1917. 

Aaron, Samuel A., Alch, Michael H.. Aloe, Myron. Barrett. 
Jas. R., Bow>n. Claude M., Braum. Bruce E.. BrowTi, Is-aac G., 
Browning, Russel I., Buck. Edward H.. Bvichanan. Jas. P.. 
Campion. John L., Channing. John. Crosthwaite, Robt. O . 
Darling, Harold P., Duke, Donald G.. Earlc. Marion M.. Elliott. 
Ilammitt K.. Freeze. Jack L,.. Friday, Curtis R.. Gilmaii. 
-Artliur II., Grant. Sidney B., Harr.son. Travis F^.. Hartline. 
Wtn. K., Hill. Maurice S.. Huffman, Carl F.. Ives. Joseph F.. 
Kci'iur. Karl. Jr., Killough. Hugh B.. Knocke. Frederick E., 
I.cdbptter. Eugfne P.. McKellip, Spencer W.. Meeks-. Chas. C, 
.Meldahl. Carl J.. Merry, Clinton S., Michels, Joseph S., Miller. 
Wesle>- A.. Moran. Wm. J,, Jr., Morris. .John P., Frank 
1..., Nugent. Lee J., Olson, Arvid. O'Neil. Charles, Presley, 
Curtis R.. Sager, Alfred C. Sewell, Robert B.. Smith. He-ry J., 
Steele. John L.. Stevens. Chas. Z.. Storm. Lloyd A.. Thompkins. 
.lohn L.. Trotter, Harold E., Ward. Eugene B., West. Wm. W., 
White. Wm. A.. Wood. .Iose|)h. Jr.. Wriglit. Fred C. Wren. 
Samuel M. 

CI.ASS 24, DECEMBER 22, 1917. 

Anderson. Morse .■^., Andrews. Leiand S.. Baer. Milton D., 
Baker, Solomn F.. Bebb, Edwin A.. Ceil. Ricliard M.. Berg, 
Edwin L., Blum. Clarence S.. Calhoun. Preston B.. Chambers, 
Llovd C, Clarke. Eugene C, Canant. Rollis G., Cooper. Lane R.. 
Crothers. Donald H.. Curry. WiU'aiu, Davis. John W.. Jr.. 
I lavis. Louis E., Day. Richard F.. Drescher, Herbert C. Duncan. 
Lee J., Dunne. Joseph P.. Fenno. Jesse K.. Fo.v. Jolin M.. 
Glankler, Frank J.. Graf. Louis E.. Grafa, Clare. Hanke>'. 
.\Ibert H., Harris. David B., Henderson, DcWitt T.. Hickmott. 
DeGarmo. Hilzinger. Wm.. Jr.. Holland. John F.. Jr.. Holldav. 
Harold K.. Hone. Chas. B.. Hood. Daniel S., Hood, Joseph T.. 
Hunt, Wm. D.. Jackson. Paul C, Jewell. Siilney L.. Jones. 
Green H.. Jones. James S.. Jones. Leiand S., King. Harry C. 
Leidigh. Jas. T., Lyle. Sam P.. Lyon, Peyton. Mahler, Herbert 
P.. McCrossen. Jas. F.. Marvin. Arthur B.. Mears. Jas. F.. 
Mengel. Herman. Meyer. John A.. Moore, David H.. Morrow. 
W'ade. MuUer, August F., Nickell, Harry B.. O'Brien. Maurice 
I'.. Parker. Herbert N.. Partridge. Joseph A.. Peck. Lee H.. 
Perkins. Geo. C, Pierson. Walter E.. Pinckney. Jerald J., 
Porter. Loitis H.. Pyie, .Albert F.. Raibourn. Claude Ristine, 
Richard H., Sanborn, Philip G.. Smith. Hugh L.. Spielma"', 
Harold G.. Stafford. Se\'mour S.. Swertfeger. Floriai F.. 
Tiiaden. Herbert Von. Toll. .\rno W.. Tucker. Edward. Jr. 
Turner, John W.. Van Tuyle. .\nthoiiv. Walker. Arthur J.. 
Welch. Floyd E.. Whiting. Brian F.. Williams, p'red J.. Wilsim. 
Geo. H., Ziiberbier. Ross J. 

CI.&SS 25, DECEMBER 29, 1917. 

Alton, Darnell D.. Aubineau, Marrion J.. Bach, .\lbert, 
■ Bissell. Paul L., Jr.. Brandenburger. Walter Bradford. Brook.", 
.Merrill P., Brown. Thomas B., Brumback, Jefferson T.. Callsen, 
Herbert C, Chanuncey. Chas. C, Cloyd. Bert R.. Coffman, 
iieirne H.. Dingeman. Henrv I., Ellison. Fred J.. Fair- 
clough, Richard H.. Ford. Edward B., Gill. Charles A.. 
Gordon. Harold R.. Griffith. Frank L.. Grubb. Kenneth P-. 
Harmon. Ernest E.. Hawkins. Ivan. Healev. Claui'e S.. Hock. 
Geo. L., Jr.. Hodges. .Alvin R.. Hunt. Roy E.iel. Kraft, 
N'augusial B . Kraft. Milton J.. LeBrou. Richard K.. McCaffrey, 
.las. A.. McFerrtn, Francis A.. Madden. John J.. Jr., Maji^s. 
Donald D., Martin. Chas. A.. Mosher. Roy B., Matthews Robt 
II.. Maxwell. Clyde R.. Miller. Ivan C. Moon. Lawrence B.. 
Olson. Carl N.. Pettingell. John M.. Ruhel. .las. 1-., Shelto-, 
Carroll E., Sibbersen. Albert H.. spears. Joseph M.. Stanbery. 
l'"loyd E., Steele. Dudley M.. Stenberg. Ber'hard .\.. Sutton, 
Harry L.. Swanson. Ivar R., Swift, Robt. B. Jr., Thomas, Chas. 
B,. Thompson. Harwell C, Thompson. David E.. Th'unppon, 
llerle A., Wacaser, Frank E.. Welch. Kenneth C., White, Jas. 
II.. Young, B. 

CI.ASS 2€, JANUARY 12, 1918. 

Aucliard. Oliver C, Beck. William M., Bermant. L"ster C. 
I'.ieser. Wendell P.. Biggs, Fredei ick P., Boo he. Frankli ' O.. 
Ilutterworth, Benjamin T. Jr., Cameron. Burr S.. Camnbell. 
Elmer B.. Carlson, Carlysle, Chenk, Chester W., Cooper Wali-^r 
W., Craig. Edwin M. Jr., Davis. Charles T.. Dayton, Willivm H.. 
Dines, Herbert J.. Dixon. Jerome. Duncan. Flovd R.. Du'kli', 
l^lenn, Fargo. Charles E.. Few. T..indsay 1).. Hardy. R chard, 
Henriipits. Charles R.. Holaday. Howard W.. Holme?, t^eorge 
G.. Jackson. Percival E.. Jacnbi. Genrge N.. J(di*'sen. .\'Mf0 * F., 
Kelly. Harold C. Kiel. Emil C.. Knickel. Walter C. Knueofer, 
Herman C.. Leek. John B.. Lewis, James ().. L'ndenia-m. .\lt>-< 
B.. Londrigan. Joseph .-V.. Martin. C^harles .1.. Miller Lela"d W.. 
Nours ', Roderck. Olson. Charles W. Jr.. O'Mallev. .loseph .1.. 
Orb. John .\ Jr.. Patter.---on. Stewart R.. Pliill ps. Robert 1-.. 
Potts. John T.. Rogers. Robert T.. R"thenberger. Einier E.. 
Schneider. Ma.x F.. Schweser. Elmore C.. Shaffor. All >-• M.. 
Shankle. Warre i C. Sia?. Donald E., Slade. William Swi -glev. 
Chas. R., Thiemr. Robt. B.. Thlgpen, Rov M. TucK-erma-. 
Roger. Walker. Robt. N.. Walker. Paul A.. Walsh. W.ll am 1 >.. 
Weiglitman. John -A.. Wilson. Edmond H., Wirth, Geo. H.. 
Zeigler. Rannie L.. Wilcox. James W. 

CIIASS 27, JANUART 19, 1918. 

Ainsworlh. Cyril, .\rnold. ( ;. oige M.. Baildon. John K., 
Blackburn. Lloyd C., Beirersdorf, Frederick W., Blandford. 
James T., Bloodworth, Boatright. Bernard D., Broderick, 
Will am J., Burgin. Van H., Butler, Clvde H.. Caldwell. Joe H.. 
Carter, Paul B.. Cline, Richard E., Cooper, F. V.. Cutter. Chas. 
E. Jr.. Davidson. Edward C, Dicke.y, Edward K., Fitzpatrick, 
William S.. French. Samuel L., Fulwood. Charles W. Jr.. Hagei. 
Daniel i.. Hammond. Fred R.. Gross. Edward H.. Hillix. Albert 
F.. Hooper. Milton. Johnston. John W., Joseph. Paul H.. Kiler. 
John O.. Jr.. K.rkland, Samuel N.. Kirkemdall. Freeman B.. 
Land, Harry L.. .McBride, Walter J., McMillan. Neil T., McNei', 
Guy L., Maxwell, Will am C Meisenheimer, Flovd B., Merer, 
Philip R.. Myer. Carl H.. Nihlack. Polk H., Nolan. Charles L. 
v., Pardee, .Max A.. Parsons, Frederic C, Pitts. Younger A., 
Pyka. Robert W., Roberston. James B.. Rodenhursi, Edward 
P., Sleete. Claude W.. Smith, Charles F.. Smith, Orval K.. 
Smock, Harold. Squier, Carl U.. Tabor. Paul, Tavlor, Ilaroid 
L., Thomas. William E.. Tongue, Walter B. Jr.. Wahle, 
Chester D., Whi e, cniester M., Whitall, John, Zellner, Weslev 
A., Zender. Freder;ck A.. Ciaddis. John M., Davis. David F., 
Hughes. Thomas J.. Kincaid. Kail. Maule. C. W.. Purcell. S. M., 
Leidigh. James T., Henderson, Dewltt T., Grafa, Clare Fennm, 
Jesse K.. Clarke. Eugene C. 

CtASS 28, JANnABT 26, 1918. 

Bassett, James W.. Baum. JI.. Bell. Williatn H., 
Brardman, Vinson R., Brooklev. Wendell H.. Burnet. Gilbert. 
Bush. Bradford S., Clark, McKinley F., Colton. Ralph M.. 
Cranford. Russell A.. Crosby. Manley W., Giddings. Lee C, 
Hall. Wilmer E., llainmon<l. Lawrence D.. Howe. Lawrence L,.. 
Jackson. Oliver P., Longstreet, Jack G., Lvnch, Frederick D., 
Marshall. Richard H.. Mortland. Merle A.. Nunn. Jame.s D.. 
I'arr. Givens A.. Pilclier. Rufus J.. Pinnev. Kvie J.. Reed. John 
H., Ronan. John A., Schlipf. .Albert C. Sclimocker. Fred C.. 
Semple, John C, Stanton, Louis G.. S inson, David R.. Strawn, 
Paul A., Swain. John D.. Synnestvedt. Fred. Walker. Stephen 
P.. Walpole, James W.. Warren, Thomas J.. Warren. Edward 
W., Warrender. Lee 1 D.. Wascher. Frank E.. Wiggen. Mehemet. 
Wood. Horace W.. Wood.-^. Howard L.. Wvman. Wallace, 
Folsem. Harold J.. Galbraith. James S.. Horton. William B.. 
Klyce. William H. Jr.. Krigger, Augustus H.. Lowrv. Henry U.. 
Nott. Sherrard G.. Putman, Kingma i W.. Richard.s. Walter E.. 
Foberts. Francis .\I., Royser, Royall H.. Thomas. Olliffe E.. 
Walker, .\lbert K. 

CI.ASS 29, FEBRUARY 2, 1918. 

Ammel. Roy W.. .\ven. \\'m. R.. Jr.. Ba'singer. Ellis C, 
Bisplinghoff. Moyd J.. Block. Harold C, Bowman, Charles E.. 
Bramlette. James L.. Brown. Harr.v G., Bruce, Parker. Budd, 
Deiison .M.. Burke. William J.. Campbell. Hayden S.. Chaplin, 
W:ntlirop L.. Chapman, Will am B., Cleveland. Waldo A.. Cox. 
.Artie G.. DeLashmutt. Harrv A., Dobbs, Silas .A.. Drake. 
Chester M.. Ebi. Kenneth .\.. Engh. Harold V.. Faneuf. Leo J.. 
Fay, George H.. Fraser. Walter, Frink, George W.. Furc.v, 
Emmett E., Gandy. Robert Lee. Graham, .Audrey W., Hardit. 
John F.. Hayes, Leslie E.. Hellman. Isaac H.. Henderson, 
Elmer J., Herron, Robert M. Jr.. Hooper. James C. Hopk:ns. 
Ward D.. Hyde, Jules V.. Insinger, John. Jennison, John C, 
Jones Howard H.. Keith. .Arthur M., Krauss. Theodore C, 
LaiTib. Howard E., Lawhon. Guy B.. Lemley. Russell W.. 
Lewi.s, Harold M.. Locher. Edward" O.. Lyle. Homer E.. Miller, 
Raymond H.. Miller. Robert Lee. Montgomery, Roe F.. Nelson. 
Francis O.. Norwood. John S., Owen, Ross G.. Pennington. 
Jerome E.. Pitiat. Charles S.. Rabbitt. Ora C., Rabenstein, 
Maurel K.. Reynolds. Leo F., Robertson, Allen W.. Rolleston. 
Moreton M., Russell, Oscar V., Schwartz, Harrv H.. Shannon. 
Ar.hur J.. Shepard. Floyd W.. Sherrv. Cameron B.. Smith, 
Hart G.. Smith. Joseph P.. Stegall, J. Rex. Stephens. Russell 
S.. Suthers. William G.. Thlgpen. .Arthur J., Thomas. William 
G., Tips. Eugene C. Turner. Wilev B.. Vance, Earl T.. Vogt. 
Edward T.. Wat-on, Minor S.. Webb. James E.. White Oscar, 
Willard. Harry B.. Williams. Paul B.. Wolcott. Henry N. 


.Add ngton. Edward P.. .M sworth Richard 10.. .\pelt. Carl 
P., -A kins. Jamis F., .Avera. John W. Bailey, Dan W., Bar-aid. 
Albert. Bassett. Lowell W., Berger, Eirl O.. Ber ard. Cl.ssord 
S.. Blan. OIlif L.. Blewrtt. Gibson A.. Boothe. William H. Jr.. 
Brainerd. Walter M.. Bralloy. Ernest M.. Brenan. Job- I* , 
Broms, Clarence S.. Brown. Henry J.. Brya. Edward G.. Bur.S'N 
Kemp S.. Burtis. Edwin S.. Campbell. Thomas P.. Canfio'd. 
.lohn P.. Cann. Frederick B.. Carroll. Earl, Chalfant. Harvey 
O.. Chester. .Andrew R.. Cochrare. Earl (\, Cone Charles 1.., 
Cook, Coleman H., Cornell. George C. Ciaig. Wm. W.. Crandall. 
Gavin D.. Creighton. .Andrew D., Crook. W l.son W.. Culver. 
Rufus B.. Denny. High R., DesChamps. James. Donaldro ■, 
Wilson T. Jr., Dorner. Earle V.. Dreyfuss. .Albert M.. Dvorak. 
Leon E.. Er st. Gran; W.. Etnyre. Mentor. Farthing. Wel- 
bourne O.. Fields Frank E.. Fisher. Ewing B.. Flourno.v. Wm. 
R.. Fiird. Lewis E.. Fulwiler, Howard D.. Gamble. Verne l».. 
Chee. Milton P.. Gore William M., G aham, .Arthur S. Gialam. 
Charles F.. Gray. Will K.. ("rre i. Will am S.. H->nlon, Wilia-^ 
J.. Harper. Oliver C.. Hamnham. E 'win L. Jr.. H stm. .Adr an 
O.. Heywood. Oliver C., Huber. Henr.- K.. Hunter. .Arc'iie D. 
Jaggard. Roiiert K.. Jenkins. Ned W.. Jennings John T>.. 
Jeremy. Ralph E. Johnson. Renus E.. Jones. Howard T. 
Jordan. Herbert W.. Kelley. Virgil .A. Kelly. Bernard E.. 
Kier. Samuel .M.. Kilbane. James .A.. Kinney. Wai'.-'ce "^ , 
Klotz. Dominic G.. Kotzebue Meinhard H.. Kr tzer. Henry E.. 
Larson, .Arthur. Lawton. Malcolm S.. Lea. Royal B. Lrsl'^v-, 
Hubert. Lile. Richard L.. L'ndsiy. Gordon J.. Litn^f''^'''. 
Robert C. Livesny. George B.. McConrack. Earl N. McOor- 
mack. Thomas H.. McCuistion. Ed T.. McEIhinrev. Ra'nV' L., 
.Madden. Jobn H.. Ma-'n. .Adolph H.. .Marklev John W. MiF'-r. 
Fra-k M.. .Mitchell. Elmer n.. Moon, Odas. Morris. Charles G . 
Morris. Thomas H.. Moss, Lerov D.. Murnhey. Harv^v W.. 
Murphy. Harrv C. Myerlv. Rav F.. Nash. Roland L.. Nelsn->. 
Luther. O'ilare. Thomas K.. Olin, .Alfred L.. Pace, Flovd A.. 



Palmer, Hubert P., Patrick. Howard. Pearson. Philiii E., Pear- 
son Ralmond K. Pentland. Henry B.. Petticord. Leslie L.. 
Pideeon. Philip, Jr., Pollard. Thomas G.. Potter. Justin, Ramey, 
Howard K., Read. James K.. Itoilly. Walter S.. Reynolds. 
Walter S.. Rin^land. James T.. Rol ins. Joe K.. Rockwell, 
Reginald. Roller. C.eorfie E.. Rollins. Carson W.. .Savage. Ralp.i 
N. Shaw, William K. ShillinRton. Waldo E.. Skanse, Peter E.. 
Snvdcr Jonathan L.. Stark, Aiiolph R, Stine, Harold B., Taylor, 
Marvin H.. Thennisch, John J., Thresher, Ehcnezer S., Towle, 
Howard H., Truss, Felix W.. Wakefield. Uayinond. Walrath. 
Duane E,, Waltmate, Louis F. Jr., Waters, Leiand L., Welles. 
Charles B.. Whiltakcr. .Arthur L. Whitteii. Lacey R.. WiRgins. 
Piatt K , Williams, Herliert E., Williams, Edward B., Williams, 
Paul K., Williamson, Clehnnu- M., Willie, Xed T. 

CIiASS 31, FEBRUARY 16. 1918. 

Amis. William N.. .\nihuMv. Cliai i.-s .A.. Asliurv. Oria F.. 
Aubcrt, Willie A.. Austin, Carter 11., Austin, Edward C. 
Barnes, Ralph W., Binion. Clay. Bippart. Charles H.. Bissonnet. 
Geo H.. RIevins. Charles E.. Brasher. Clarence E.. Brolney. 
Wilton M.. Brenton. Walter. Brown. Harold L.. Bunce, Ralph 
L., Buff. Harry J., Carroll, Alonzi M., Chamberlain. Leo W.. 
Cheese. Charles B.. Clement, .\rthur M.. Colliver. Harry F., 
Conwav. Joseph C., Crisp, Marshall C, Critz, Robert Jr.. 
Cumbus, John W.. Crooni. Marvin E.. Currie. Paul M.. Dawson, 
John C. Jr.. Dow. John R.. Doyle. Stanley M.. Duke. Llewellyn 
B. Dunningion. Clyde C.. Eldridge. Earl W.. Eldridfre. John R., 
Ernev, Fred G., Emblston. Robert D. V.. Epier. Earl N., Ervin, 
John" B.. Farmer. Lerov. Jr.. Fox. Herbert I''., French, Donald 
A . French, Setli T., Fry. John. O.. Gahman. Floyd, Gilmore. 
Ralph M.. Gleerup. Wm. W.. Glover. James E.. Goss. Edgar K.. 
Grimes. Carl .-\.. Havnes. Crissom E., Hart, John V., Hanson, 
.\rchie M., Ham, .Mark N., Henderson, Denny E., Heng. Jacob 
A. Horchow, Joseph, Horney, Reid B.. Hoyt. William K.. 
Hueber. John W.. Hughes. Archibald J.. Huston. Sylvester, 
Javnes John B., Jenkins, Benjamin I'".. Jenkins, Maury H., 
Johnson, Edwin, Johnson, John .M.. Johnson. Raymond C., 
Jones E Willis Jr., Jo(|uel. .\rthur L., Keith. Edward Kennedy, 
James E., Kinkadc, Kennish C King, Jefferson J., Kitcheji, 
Benjamin F.. Kulp. Herbert, Leclie. Eric D., Lewis. David L., 
Lewis Elmi r R.. Lewis. Leonidas B.. Lutz. Clovis C Lytle, 
Lowry R. McClimans, Lee. Mckinley. Howard W.. Maurer. 
Paul "G Maw Herbert B.. Maxey. John W., Maxwell Fred C. 
Mavfielil. Hollace E.. Merrymao. Walter D.. Meyer. Frank W., 
Miller, Daniel W., .Miller, Royall M., Muorr, James F., Morgan. 
Diodate. Murphy. James B.. Myers Verne M.. Noble. Wm. H.. 
Nussbaum Samuel. Opel. Selmar T.. Owen. James P., Parker, 
Harold, Favne, Donovan A.. Perki'S. Alber- D. Jr.. Phelan. 
Joseph P, Richmond, I. M.. Ricbarc'so". Baxter K., Rich, 
Edward, Rice, Ralph W Feitmann, Henrv U., Rodgers 
Benjamn G., Ro'son. Sar.geant P.. Russell. Linc'sey G. 
Putnam, George W., ■ Provosty. Alvin A.. Potter. Duncan M.. 
Sasnctt, Boiling H.. Seward. Jackson .\.. Sherrill. Guv P., 
Siewers, Karl L., Shea, Thomas F., Shriver, Herschel L.. 
Smith. Frank H.. Smith. Henrv R.. Sohn, Elmer L., Spain, 
Thon^as H.. Starr. Robert L.. S ewart. Guy. Stephens, Orvilb- 
L.. Stanlev. Robert. Sullivan. Edwin. Stoll. Frank H., Stincli- 
comb. Orville C^.. Tanner, Olav J.. Taylor, Elmer J.. Taylor. 
C'arence M.. Tavlor. Bavrad C. Thompson. Robert B.. 
Thomso-i, William W.. Thrall. Loren R.. Tilson. Howard F.. 
Tvnes W I'"isher. Van .Arsdale. Maurice W.. Van Auken, Wen- 
d.-ll G.. Vau^rhn, Guy O., Vinson. Clvde. White. Edward O.. 
Whitehnuse. Wm. E.. Wi'>rman. Paul D.. Wittenberg, .\loysius 
J.. WUian-son. Lamar, W. od, Horace E.. Wright. Harry J.. 
Yeoman. Chaunce.v D. 

CIiABS ZS, FEBRTJAR-r 23, 1S18. 

.\ll?n. Charles W.. .\mbro.'<i-. .lolni Loftin. .Anderson, Milton 
S.. .Anderson. Ralph 10.. Bahl. Krrol i C,.. Bailey. Augustus O., 
Ba-lev, Jamci E.. B liley. Joseph P.. Baker. Robert H., Barnard. 
William T., Bartlett. Lawre'-ce D.. Bassi. .Andrew B.. Beverley. 
Oe'^rge H.. Blake. Wilton M.. Bostrom. Hialmer C. Brophv, 
Korm.'>n D.. Bruch. Louis M.. Butcher. Clifford F.. Camnhell, 
Robert B.. Carmichael Novel O.. Cooper. Gordon W.. Cross, 
John M.. Curl an, William E. Day. Robert F.. DeForrest. 
Edward E. Dhem, Oran 1.. Dil'on. Fairfax K.. Dobson. Matt 
H. Jr. Dunton. Delma'- H.. Earlv John M.. Ellett, .Alexander. 
Faglsy, Wilber M.. Finlav. William P., Gardner. Fred E.. 
Garwood. S erling M.. Gathings. James C. Jr.. Givens. James 
D.. Godwin, Grover, Goldstein. August. Grisemer. Walter. 
Gntter?on. Granville. Hadley. Laurence B.. Harbase. Homer 
B. Harrison. George H.. Hart. Jabcz W.. Headley. Mervin E.. 
Healev Mchael V.. Heltzen. William S., Henderson. Hugh M.. 
Hill. Hamilton L.. Headly. George Jr... Hoag. Charles E.. Jr., 
Holloman. Ilarrett W.. Holt. Harry C Hotaling Jiarry D.. 
Houlton. Raymond C Houser. Percv T.. Hunt. Frederick T.. 
Husson Harrv L.. llett. Edward W.. Inlow. Walter T.. Jenkins. 
James W.. Jobann. (Irville R. Johnson, Fletcher M.. Keeling. 
Walter S.. Kellev. Earl C. Kellogg. William P.. Kent. Everett 
F. Kirbv. Maniuis L. Lancaster. Gi-orgt T.. Langniead. Harry 
W.. Lenoir, Whitman H. Levitt. Glenn S., Loper. Walter A.. 
Lowstuter, E.'ward T.. McKnight. Ewell. Malum. William .1.. 
Mahannah. .Alva !•:.. Mallory. Francis B.. Massey. Bert A'.. 
Ma' hews. Herbert S. Mattern Guinn W.. Maune. Leonard A.. 
Mav William .A.. Miildleton. Harold M.. Middelton. Irvin B.. 
Miller Cole .A.. Miskell. James P.. Monroe. Francis B.. Mnoro, 
William R.. Morner Edward t^. Mou'>tcistle. Paul. Nash. 
David M., Nullsen, Norman L.. Olds. Mildord H., Ol'Phant, 
Rufus A.. O'Neil. Henrv Jr.. Page. John II.. Passwater. Charles 
B Pierce Rice A.. Pollock. Robert E . Prewit. James C Price. 
Henry W.. Rassmussen. Martin .1.. Rav. William A.. Redmond, 
Forrest H-.. Reeve=. Roher' H., Jr.. Richar.'s John A.. Riebc, 
Herbert F. Roberts, Lloyd S„ Saunders, Felix W., Schofiepi. 
.Aubrey W„ Sellers. Liiuar. Setzlor, Harry G.. Sharpe. Karl 
E. Shepherd Herbert R.. Simpson, Joh-i L., Snarenberger, 
Burnis A.. Sockman, Lov W., Stalker. Willard C Steel. John 
.Albert. Stewart. Malcom H., Sweeney, Edward M., Taylor, 
Leonard D. Teeter, Charles, Tillinghast, Harold A.. Tobe.\ . 
Paul T Toler. Edward H.. Trantham, Homer. Trueheart, 
James O., Twining, Albert C, Waller. Alfred E., Watkins, 
Lowry, Welsh William W.. Westall. William H., Westcott. 

Reuel R., Wiggins. Clarence A.. Willhur. Fred V.. Williamson. 
James C Wright. Wilbur A,. Young. Ora W.. Young, Russell 
.A. Zettle, Raymond C., .Aberncthy, Wilbur K., Adams, .Amos 
E .Albn Irving E.. Clark, t^arl F.. Clark. Lucius L.. Dungan, 
Edmund l>.. Elliott. -Milteui. Ewan, Charles V.. Hart. William 
C, Hillhouse, John G„ Peirce, Gowan, Perlmaii, Samuel C. 
Neely. Eugene A., Nilson, Edgar C., Talbot, Clarence P., 
Wilkinson, James L. 

CIiASS 33, MARCH 3, 1918. 
Alberson. Oral Win.b 11. .\llred, I'Yank E., .Aymond, Roy, 
Baskerville. Ralph E.. Uingham. Halsey L.. Bishop. Lionel M.. 
Blair Elmer W.. Burton. Frederick H.. Bone, Norfleei G„ 
Byrd William B. Cain. Howard B.. Campbell. Donald. Car- 
modv'. Arthur R.. Carrell. Collin ('.. Clarke. Oliver U. /"'arke. 
William B , Clawson, Harrv O.. Cochran. Robert B.. Cole. Bert 
L Collier. Henry L.. Jr., Cook, Frank R. Davis, Thomas J., 
Dawson, Earl R.', Delaney, John J., Delaplane, Edwin s., Jr., 
Denham. .Albert B., Dunn, Stanley M.. Eby. Samuel H.. 
Edrington, John P., Jr.. Emery. Amos B.. Engebretsen. Andrew 
J., Farnsworth, Tom D.. Foltz. Joseph R., Gardner. Willian, 
A.. Gaston. Wentworth M.. Gedeon. George S.. Oillespis, Frank- 
lin S., Gillett. Jno, S.. Grady. Williaiu .A.. Greene. S. C Grif- 
fith. John, Jr.. Haasl. Charles M.. Hall. Murray B., Halm. 
George W., llerriott, Paul, Hogg. Edwin R.. Holmes. James 
E.. Hood. Sinclair <^., Hutson, Harry M., Ittner, Harold D.. 
Jesse, William R.. Jones. Vivian M., Kennedy. James A.. Jr.. 
Kinnev. Charles L., Jr., Kile. Neil E.. Kilgen, Eugene R.. 
Kinncbrew, Edward R., Kinlzing, Edward O.. Kleinknecht. 
Clifford C. Lemon. Hobart F., Locklear. Ormer L.. Lowe. 
Herman J., McClanahan, Harvey II., McConnell, (5eorge B.. 
McGintv. Daniel J.. McKeo\vn. Clark B., McQuarrie, Kenneth 
R., McRaith, Joseph G., Maddox, Glen J., Martin, Jas, E.. Mer- 
cer. Parrish D.. Meyer. Charles L., Miller, (leorge E.. Miller. 
James C Miller, Lloyd D„ Mitchell, Eliot W.. Morgan. Louie 
R.. Mullanev. .lohn F.. Mulvihill, Bernard H., Murray, Thomas 
M„ Nellv, Herbert V., Nelson, Clyde K.. Newson. .Albert S.. 
O'Neill, Arthur M., Orgill. Kenneth W., Oswald, Fred, OyAer. 
Richard P., Parker, Charles W., Parmley, George W.. Patton. 
Glenn -A., Perry. Floyd L.. Peters. Crawfonl .A.. Plesser. Joe 
B.. Poore. Owen P.. Porter, Earle W.. Porter. Henry W., Pren- 
tiss, Paul H.. Price. Hunter J., Price, Walter E.. Pyatt. Kenneth 
R., Ragsdale, Grover C, Ranney, Lynn .A.. Reierson. Gusta\, 
Reily. llenr.y H.. Richman G. Raymond. Rabinson. Thomas A., 
Roemer. .Albert J.. Rtidy. DudleyCl.. Ryder. Gerald .A.. .Scobey. 
Reuben B.. Scott. Donild C. Searl. Edward L.. Jr.. Slim- 
pion. Jatnes B.. .Smith. Robert C. Spencer. Haven H.. Soencer. 
Henrv W.. Stickell. (iravson M.. Stoeckle. Charles H., Stoops. 
Earle E.. Stubblef ield. Blaine. Stuetz. .Albert R.. Stumjif. 
Charles B.. Swanson. Leonard F. Tappan. .A. P.. Towner. 
Wal'er L.. A"au.ghn. Grady M.. Villard. Harry H.. A'incent. 
Ralph E.. Vories. Randolph P.. Waller. Lawrence J.. Webster. 
Harrv J.. Webster. Robert C. Whitehill. Millard F.. Wikle. 
James R., Winslow, Julian E.. Yerkes, Laurence A., Young, 
Crawford M. 

CX-ASS 34, aCARCH S, 1»1&. 
.Agee. William T., .Agnew. Edwin L.. .Amlrews. .lohn P.. 
Hates. Lew A.. Benedict. Miurie.- T,. Benson. nard\- M.. 
Bible. Dana X.. Billig. Hal C, Blackler, Perrv W.. Blair. 
Frank W.. Blanebard Henry M.. Blum. .Albert H.. Boggs. Wil- 
liam G.. Born. Jacob. Bradlev, Carl R.. Bryan. Edward D., 
Buntin, Robt. R., Burkbardt, Harry L , Bush, Lyie K., Bverley, 
l''rank Jr.. Calhoun. Hugh L.. Jr.. Clarke. Jeremiah E.. Col- 
lins. Kenneth R.. Connell. David E.. Copeland, Jay M.. Jr., 
Culver. Benj.. C. Donaldson. Howard L.. Fiester. Ritner I., 
(»allalier, Clias, D., Gardner, Cyrus B., Gardner, James E,, 
George, Jesse W.. Gilchrist. Hugh R.. Hagan. Thomas H., 
Hardin, Clifford W.. Hearne, Geo. M.. Jr., Heberton, (^raig, 
Higgs, Gerald H., Hoisington. Earl M., Holmes, John W,, 
Hopkins, .Andrew S., Hughes rodward E., Jewell, D, .A.. Jr., 
.lohnson. .1. Ben.. Johnson, \\'illiam N.. Keohane. Jtdm M.. 
Knickerbocker. H. C, Laughlin, Herschel V.. Layne. Edward 
G., Lusk, Walter C, Lynch. Walter C.. McCaffrev. Harold 
W.. McGuffin. Louis K. McKee. Stuart. McLeod, Leiand S., 
Mason. Jacob C.. Miller. Harold J.. Morgan. Lewis H.. Mozlev. 
Warren M., Mucklestone, Melville, Niedernhocfer, Wm. F., 
Oertel. Robert C. Ozmon. John. Patterson. J. P.. Pittiuan. 
James S.. Pratt. Herbert G.. Price. Charles S., Reardon, John 
J., Rennebaum. Ernest H., Riba. Leander W., Roberts. Fred 
R. Rogers Robert S.. Robson. William W.. Rountree. Lee C. 
Russell. Cvril C... Salter. Frank P. Seward. Leon E.. Shaw, 
Francis E.. Siiigletarv. Harrv H.. Smith. Franklin .A.. Smith. 
Wallace G., Smith, William C., Smits, Larry .A.. Steele. James 
M., Strange, .Alex W.. Taylor. William L.. Temple. Thomas H.. 
Tower, Robert R., Traughber, Jesse D.. Wade. .Alston B.. 
Weiss. John J. R.. Whitelv. Felix E.. Wilcox. Clyde E.. Wil- 
cox. Ralph W.. Wilson. Clarence C. Wilson, John L., Wilson, 
Wm. W., Young, Carlton E.. Booker. Francis P.. Coles. Barry 
F.. Doyle. Frank B., Hill. Luther W., Hosp, William W„ Wil- 
liams. LeRoy. 

CI.ASS 3S, MARCH 16, 1918. 
Bernheim, Lewis, Blatz, IMgar P.. Boyls, Hugh E.. Brown. 
John J., Butler. I.,awre"ce i )., Brown Homer, Rtifonl Ben- 
nett O.. Circle, Ralph E.. Charlton, Howard C., Childress, 
Chas. W.. Jr.. Claik. (5eorge A., Crooks. William R.. Daly. 
George S.. Dean. Tlionvas J., Jr., DeA'ore. Ralph R.. Dravton, 
E M. l'"oster. Edwin B.. Grear. Jack. Hanson. Bert J., Har- 
ris William W,, Hill. James .A.. Johnson. Henrv .A., Johnson, 
Joe I).. .lones, Charles E., Julian, Rupert. King, Cleize A.. 
Leonard, Leonard R.. Lindsay, Charles E.. Lind.say, Junior 
S„ McArthur, John K.. McClintock, .Arnold R.. Mct^luer, Darius 
H Marmouget, James .A., Meng. Walter J.. Mueller. Raloh 
H.,' Napier. John IT.. Netting. Charles L.. Noyes. Edgar T., 
Pavson Riindolph, Pawson. James M.. Percy. Charles, Jr,. 
Poorman. Robert B., Rahsman, Arthur H., Reavis, Charles F„ 
Rice. James W„ Jr.. Rinker. Harry M.. Sanderford. John R., 
Sandlin, James H.. Sessions, Henrv F., Smith, Dean C. Smitn, 
Stanton T. Taliaferro. Charles A.. Jr.. Thomson. Virgil G., 
Telman, Crittenden .A. C., Virgin, Joseph E.. West. Conrad R.. 
Wiggs, George A„ Williams, Richard E,. Wolongiewicz, 
Frank I. 



CI.ASS 36, UABCH 23, 1S18. 

Athev. Gerald B.. Fiailev. Travis. Beckwith. Clifton W.. 
Boudinot. Frank .1., Jr., Brawley. William F.. Briley. Carl P.. 
Buchanan, Wall^^ce E.. Campbell, Rol>ert V.. Carter. Warren 
R., Caulkins. Ralph M,, Churchwell, Daisy L#.. Donaldson, 
Harold R.. Dougherty, William A., Dunn, Robert B., Dupuy. 
Albert J.. Jr.. Eilenberger, John T., Faucher, Joseph A., Gard- 
ner. J. Francis, Gledhill. Franklin W.. Haase. Gus. Haile, 
Thomas J.. Jr.. Hartman, Harrison J., Hickerson, Sanford B.. 
Hiller. Melvin E.. Hinkley. Burt E., Hopkins, Thomas. Jr.. 
Hough, Romevn B.. Jr., Hunter, Daniel F.. Hunter, 
Thomas O., Hurt, Samuel F. Huston. Paul W.. Ihrig. 
Howard K.. Jones. Lloyd B.. Keesling. Lloyd X., Kendall, 
Harr.v A., Kipp.. Eugene H., Kuhns. John H.. Lawson. Harry 
W., Lohuian. Sylvester M.. Longlnotti. James L., McCann, 
Martin B.. XIcDaniel. Marshall A.. McRae. Nelson. Magruder. 
.\bbey W., Martin, Thomas R., Mathews. Hoyt M.. Mooney, 
George B.. Morgan. William T.. Jr., O'Brien. Thomas F.. Over- 
cashier. C. S.. Peace. Harley M.. Peterson, Helge A., Pinckne.v, 
Dunbar W.. Pooley. Edward M.. Rider. William X.. Riley, 
Boyd T.. Rogers. Oscar L.. Rowlinson. Walter S., Sadtler, 
David T., Sanger, Ralph, Santee. Alvin L.. Sieg. Bine W., 
Sigward. Sylvester L.. Snead. Harold B.. Stout. Shirley E., 
Tighe, Louis T., Van Xess, Carl C, Vogel. Paul O. M.. Wag- 
goner. Cooper F.. Walker. James K., Waters. Paul V.. Wilhite, 
John F.. Williams. Errett. Wooten. Ralph H.. Alexander. 
Marvis L.. Beck. Thos. E.. Bockenfeld. B. F.. Caskev. Lome 
L., Evans. William W.. Metcalf. William H.. Ross. Russell A., 
Tarkington. S. G, Jr. 

CI.ASS 37, MARCH 30, 1318. 

Abernathy. James T.. Axley, Lowry. Bagley, Frank H.. 
Bassett. James E.. Beals, Allan S.. Best. Harvey G.. Bohrer. 
Charles R.. Brinley, John P.. Brody, Arthur C, Brown. Robert 
E . Brunner. Frank J.. Cameron, Mortimer B.. Carey, Homer F.. 
Cargill. Charles R.. Chanpell. Dan. Chisolm. Henry. Clark. 
Bruce, Cochran. Edward R.. Cole. James B.. Coleman. Andrew 
H., Collins, Roy P.. Cook Horace L.. Courtney. Edward W.. 
Crawle. Edward H.. Davis. Arthur O.. Davis. Kenneth W.. 
Davison. Lawrence E.. Dorwart. Frederic G.. Drane. Hay- 
ward B.. Duke. Will B., Dupre, Xaasson K., Durst, Elmer F.. 
Elliott, Clyde R„\Evans. Christopher J. Jr.. Farrell, Roy C. 
Ferguson, Claud E.. Filbert. David H.. Freear. Hiriam L.. 
Gillespie. Eugene 1'.. Glenn. Ivo B.. Goggans. Joseph T.. Halde- 
man. George W.. Hall. William T. I., Hamrick. Roy H.. Har- 
ley. Wilbur H.. Harris. John W.. Jr., Harw^ell, Ervin L.. Her- 
ring, William D.. Hessey. John H., Hickman, Cecil R.. Hill. 
Hartwell C. Hollingsworth. Joe L.. Holtzendorff. P. B.. Jr.. 
Horner, James B.. Klein. Frank. Levy. Tony W.. Littlejohn, 
Joe L.. Loy. Harry C, Martin, Douglas E.. Martin. William 
T.. Massingill. Martin L.. Meredith. R. L.. Moise. Harold, 
Moore. Benjamin L.. Morton. Ralph E.. Mosier. Oval M., Neni- 
yer. Henry E.. Noss. Fulton C. Pickard. Porter L.. Price, 
Edward F.. Pruden. Fordon L.. Quirk. Joseph C. Ramsey. 
Robert W.. Read, Elmo F.. Seawell. John L.. Sherwood, Horace, 
Simpson. Albert B.. Sites. Harold D.. Smith. Alexander F.. Jr.. 
Smith. Harry L.. Smith. James H., Smith. Wayne B.. Snyder. 
William J.. Staerker Otto. Stolper. Israel. Tallman, Henrv W.. 
Thien. Edmund J.. Thornton. Arthur L.. Thweatt. Wm. K.. Jr.. 
Tobelman. Gustave H,. Toepfer. John R.. Torrance, Kirby E., 
Vogenberger. George Ware. Lawton H.. Warren, George S., 
West, Charles K., Whelchel, Robert F.. Whitehill. Deane W., 
Williams. Philip. Williamson. Adrian, Woodhull. Frost. Wor- 
rall, Anton W., Young, Victor M. 

Clb&SS 36, AFBIIi e, 1318. 

Ayres. George W.. .Ander.sion. Edward M.. Baldwin. Wil- 
liam D.. Ballinger. Alva J.. Behne. Tom D.. Borland. Alexander 
M.. Bowman. L. J.. Brown. William T.. Jr.. Bullock. B. W., 
Cain, George W. Cargo. William F., Jr.. Carney. Herbert S.. 
Cate, Theodore W.. Chute. Aubrey J., Cleary. Ansel R., Clouse. 
Dies I.. Coleman. John M.. Conner. Henrv W., Coulter, Joseph 
R., Crawford. Robert H.. Davidson. Robert M., Dawes, Walter 
E.. Decker. Harold J.. Divine. Howard E., Doty. Charles M. 
J.. Doyle. Edward R.. Ellis, Allin C. Evans. George L.. Foster, 
James H.. Franz. Joseph P.. Gleckler. Arthur. Goodwin. Mar- 
vin M.. Grevemberg, Marion E.. Gustafson. Charles. Hamer, 
Robert S.. Hooper. Willis B.. Houghton. Frank C, Howell, 
.Tames C. Button. Harry I.. Jacobi, Benjamin R.. Lancaster. 
Percy W.. Langdon. Cecil L.. Latta. Franklin W., Lee. Hugh 
McC". LeHardy. Frank M.. Loriks. Carl E.. Lutz, Dexter N.. 
Lyons. Perry I.. McGinnis. Harold A.. Mabry. Palmer V.. 
Mackey, George B.. Manaker. Fred P.. Martin. Ernest D.. 
Mason. James M.. Mell. Robert E.. Moen. George M.. Mott. 
Louis C, Neal, Howard K., Peacock, Joseph E., Jr.. Pettis, 
Edward V., Poindexter, Francis, Ragan. Clarence S.. Read. 
Lemuel W.. Reibold. Frank M.. Rice. Clyde .A., Richardson, 
Frank H.. Riddle. Sidney W.. Robinson. Adrian A.. Rose. 
Andrew B.. Rowe. Gladstone Mc, Rowson. Walter, Schafer. 
Alfred G.. Sewell. John J.. Smith. William H.. Stauver. Frank 
L.. Steller. Adolph W.. S'evens. Curtis L.. Stonebraker. Wil- 
liam F.. Taylor. Claude C. Teasel, Chester C. Terrv. George 
F.. Tillett. John. Tunis. Edwin B., Turner. Milton M., Uhler. 
Theodore C. Warren, Jim Clarke. Wilson, John F.. Wolfe, 
Benjamin F.. Wooley. Cecil C, Simon, Charles H., Singleton. 
John D., Ziesing. William A. 

CI^ASS 33, APBH. 13, 1318. 

.Abrams, David 11.. Angell. Henry R.. .Austin. Charles A.. 
Averill. Howard B.. Baldwin. Mark. Barber, Clifford L.. Bar- 
nard. I'Yank I., Bass. Haskell, H., Batchelder. Chester B., 
Beeson, William B.. Bergan. Knute W.. Bobzein, Edwin B.. 
Boggs. Harry .\.. Boulware. Clark L.. Brannan, Fred R.. 
Brokaw. Harry W.. Brown. Charles M.. Burns. David B.. Byrne, 
Melvin O.. Cameron, Eugene A., Carmalt, Emmett D., Caskey. 
Jack P.. Chambers. Roger J., Coil, .\ustin S.. Colgate. Henry 
A.. Cooksey. David J.. Copenhaver, Edwin H.. Jr.. Davie. Wat- 
kins B., Davis, George L., Davis. Homer H., Dick. Guy H.. 
Durfee, Francis M., Ehlers, George W., Elm, lenar E., Feeney. 

Francis J., Fitzpatrick, Francis E.. Gary, Francis P.. Gove, 
Robert R.. Hain. Calvin S., Hamor, Bert L., Herold, Eugene 
L., Harp, John H., Haugen. George A., Henn, John E., Hill. 
Maurice B., Hocker, Augustus S.. Houck. Jack R., Howard. 
John C, Hutchison, Byron M., Jarrott. Richard M., Jensen, 
Herbert C. Jenson, Leslie L., Johnson, Edward L.. Jonefe. 
John H., Jones, Robin, Kelly, Fred R.. Kelting. Aubrey X.. 
Kemper. Ralph T., Knauff. Calvin X.. McCrady. Edward. Mc- 
Kinnon, Angus G., McWiliiams. Gerald S., Mathews, Lee A.. 
Mears. Mortimer W., Medbury, Sheldon P., Montgomery, 
Robert H., Moor. Robert D.. Xuncie. Floyd H.. Xall. Christ- 
opher C, Osmond. Robert H., Overless. Milo H.. Owen, Richard 
L.. Paschall. Ancil E.. Pease. Jack J.. Pence. Winfield S., 
Prince. Earl P.. Pritchett. Frank E., Raney, James A., Jr.. 
Reid, Ted. Reid. Theodore S. K.. Rice. N'elson P.. Roberts. 
James A.. Saunders. Edward R.. Scarritt. Daniel DeR.. Schell- 
ing, George. Scoutan. Harrv E.. Shifflett. Olan G.. Smith. A. 
Foster. Smith. Aldridge E.. Smith. Edward S.. South, John 
C. Splane. Alvin W.. Stokes, Wm. H.. Stone, Harry D.. Swed- 
berg. Ernest W.. Tucker, McKendree A., Underbill-Thompson, 
E. A.. Vines. John O.. Von Sprecken, Theo. M.. Watson. 
Edward B.. Jr., Wentz, Robert C. Williams. Isaac F., Wilson, 
John L.. Wolfe. Francis J. L.. Woods. Clvde. Woolsey. Clin- 
ton F., Wright, Wlisha P. S. Jr., Wright, Floyd A., Wright. 
Robert D.. Colson, Joseph G., Fuller. James E.. Morrow. John. 
Jr., Wheaton, Sidney L. 

CI.ASS 40, APBII. 20, 1318. 

Ackley. Oliver F., Adams, Marshall C, Alexander, Sig- 
mund. Allison. Elmer C.. Alway, James D.. Amundson, George, 
Anderson, Thomas C.. Armstrong, William A., Aurelius, Paul 
J.. Axberg. Edward. Ayres. Stanley W., Bailey, Glenn A., 
Bartelt. Frank E.. Bassing. Francis J.. Biber. Walter E.. Bin- 
ford. Morton C, Bonney. George L.. Booth, John C, Boswell, 
Haden E.. Boyd. James F.. Bradley. FYancis M.. Brandt. Alvin 
R.. Brown. Xugent E., Buckingham, Ralph E., Callander. Mar- 
shall E., Campbell, Fred C. Jr.. Carmichael, Frank L.. Caro- 
lan. George F., Clark, Ben H., Cowan, Robert S., Crary, Roy 
J.. Cunningham. Ray M., Davis. William K.. Des Autels. Ray- 
mond C. DeVoe. Elmer P., Dickey, Leslie J., Dining. Beecher 
J.. Downey. Hugh C. Edwards. Idwal H., English, Frank J.. 
Feick. James W.. Ferris. Frank C, Fisher, Philip S., Fleming, 
Donald L.. Gallup. Marvin. Garrett. Kenneth, Garv. Martin 
W.. Gaylord. Elmer J.. Jr.. Gibson. William E., Gillmore, 
Robert H.. Gottschalk. Oliver A.. Greenshields. Bryce W.. 
Greist. Raymond L.. Guenther. Karl D.. Haigh. Devereux S.. 
Harriss. Earl B.. Hart. Haden B.. Henry. Earle G.. Herold, 
Vincent W.. Hibner. Harold W., Holmes. Elmer M.. Jackson. 
Samuel D.. Johnson. Paul O., Johnson, William S.. Keller. 
Jacob F.. Kidwell. James E., Kilander, Carl F.. Klrkham. 
James E.. Knoeppel. Charles J.. Kruse. Alfred R.. Lamson. 
Leon L.. Lawrence. Millard C. Lindstrom. Algot J.. McCall, 
Louis L.. McCormick. Alexander L.. McKay. George H.. Mc- 
Lean, John J.. McMahon. Eugene D.. Mackenzie. William X., 
Macatee, George P.. Jr.. Manau. Fred A.. Merrill. Charles E., 
Mitchell, Robert L.. Morfitt. Xeil. Jlorrissey. Edward J.. 
Xaegeli. Fred A., Xordholm. Leon E.. Omiie. Vernon C. Par- 
sons. Claude P.. Patrick. Albert 1.. Peters. Joseph S.. Peter- 
son. Alfred W.. Peterson. Lowell M.. Puckett. Johnnie R., Ran- 
■ dall. Earl E., Raube. Reinhold H., Rayburn, Allan B.. Robert- 
son. Thomas C. Rothrock. Ross P.. Rouse. Van E., Rozene. 
Arthur E.. Runchev. John E.. Jr., Schrubbe, Earl F.. Schultz. 
Raymond H.. Seitner. Reuben H.. Shannon. Ralph L.. Shep- 
pard, Robert Z.. Smith. Marshall C. Snyder. Alva W.. Spencer. 
Edward J.. Stebbins. Willis I.. Stout. Clyde J.. Sturcken. H. 
E.. Sundsen. Martin. Swift, Arthur O.. Thomas, Charles E., Jr.. 
Trainer. Lloyd M.. Vail. Richard, Jr., Van .\elst. Adrian C. 
Volintine. Daniel. Wade. Don D.. Wade. Willard S.. Ward. 
.\llen B.. Wells. William C. Wetherbee. Alex P.. Wilkins. 
Charles L.. Jr.. Williams. Elliot T.. Williams. Victor E.. Woods. 
James A., Woodward. Irving J.. Wool. Theodore J.. Jr.. Wyatt. 
John A. 

CI.ASS 41, AprU 27, 1318. 

-Ade. Guy W.. Barons. Tony. Bouldin, John W., Brown. 
George H.. Burt. John I.. Cameron. Brinton M., Carter, Samuel 
O.. Cos. Theodore L.. Coffee, John .\.. Coray. Francis M.. Cot- 
ter. Chester. Craig. Wm. C. Jr.. Davis. Don P.. de Podesta. 
Anthony. Druley. Homer L.. Duthie. Robert D.. Evans. Arthui 
H.. Evans. Charles R.. Feldmann. Hans A.. Fi.scher. Karl W.. 
Gerke Walter IT.. Hasbrouck. I.,ouis. Ingels. Giltner R.. Kauch. 
Robert. Keller. Reuben W.. Kent. Ezra H.. Jr.. Kenworthy. 
Ches'er L.. Kirkland. Henry S.. Kranz Irwin B.. Lockhart. 
Frank. McAlister. Thomas E.. McAvey. William H.. McClelland. 
Harold M.. Mctyuire. Dennis J., Mahoney. Lewis. Moody. Marvin 
J.. Murray. John G.. Mustard. Stanley P.. Xewman, Harry S.. 
Xicholas, Charles R.. Xicholson. George M.. Xims. .\lbert K.. 
Pascale. Henrv. Perdue. Paul G.. Perrin. Elmer D.. Rafter. John 
M.. Reese Lewis R. P.. Robinson. Ralph R.. Robinson. Robert P.. 
Rowe. Elmer C. Runser. Harrv J.. Schechter. Isaac. Schmitt. 
John R.. Scott. Townsend. Jr.. Shannon. Harold E.. Shilt. Xoble 
C. Shirk. Kenelm L.. Shupo. Burton A.. Sinith. Frank B.. 
Smith. Wesley L.. Starnes. Roy W.. Stone. Virgil D.. Stoush. 
Robert A.. Suddard. Oliver. Taylor. Frank E.. Titus. Charles 
B.. Valiant, Frank L.. Willingham. George H.. Wilson. Francis 
B.. Worlcy. George .\.. Wright. Stanb^y G. 

CI.ASS 42. May 4. 1318. 

Auble. Carnion J.. Aurin. Bernard J.. Brown. Rav W.. 
Brown. Raymond R.. Caldwell. Alanson T.. Carney. J. FYancis. 
Carson. Capt. Jos. .\.. Clianey. James M.. Close. Wirt O.. Day. 
Paul L.. Duke. Jack E.. 1st Lt.. Evans, George P.. Fergus. 
Ernest L.. Fullam. Martin A.. Jr., Fvfe. Henry JIcX".. Hagen, 
Merle L.. Harris. Sidney L.. Hunt. Mark B.. Jr.. Karch, John 
.\.. Kelly. Thomas F.. I.,aFeber. Stanley G.. McCammond. 
Harold X.. McCormick. Samuel L.. .Maddux. Lee F.. Martin. 
Dan C. Murphy. Gerald J.. Xutting. Harold W.. O'Connor. 
Joseph P.. Olson, Norman O.. O'Toole, Hubert M., Parker, 



Earle K.. Patterson. James M.. Peck. lOail C. Phetteplace, 
Charles G. Poe. William L... Reicliard. William K., Reniiie. 
CJeorge .1. Rittcrlniscli. Walter H., Kdedcr. IVaiik K.. Kooney. 
Charles A.. Rust. Charles K.. SSelherB. Jiiscpli. Simnnil.s. Rrette 
W Stodflard. Whitney W.. Swope, Harry. Taylor, .lames H.. 
Thiele. Edwin G.. Thro. Lyle A.. Umlauf. Louis H.. Victor. 
Huso B.. Washhurn. L,ouis D.. Wasson. Clarence .1.. White- 
liead, Leslie S.. \ViM«nsti"in. C. C., Wnrmstiih, Arthur P. 

CI^SS 43, KAY 11. 1918 

Adams. James W.. Barhian. Paul 1".. Barnes. Rohert H.. 
Baylor. Charles N.. BirchUr. Oscar A.. Bruner. W. D.. 
Cavanagh. Thomas E.. Chichester. F. S.. 2nd l,t.. Clements. 
Otis G.. 2nd Lt.. Hame. Ralph L., 2nd Lt.. Dodds, Sidney S., 
Douglas. Albert N.. Dyer. Wm. J. H.. h'arnhani. Clias. V.. I'itz- 
geraUl. J. J.. 1st Lt.. Geier. Eilwanl W.. C.iblions, I'Vancis C. 
(5rolman, Aaron. Harris, Hurshel I.. Hathaway. MortiTuer D.. 
Jr Hitt. Joe L.. James. William A.. Johnson. Frederick A.. 
Jones. James E.. Kinnard. Alliert W.. Jr.. Kouns. Louis A.. 
McCurry. Chas. M.. Ming. Christopher. Moore. William S.. 
Rantseliler. Frederick C. Smith. Henry L., Snodgrass, Cleland. 
Sommers. George W.. .S^vart-/.welder. R. H.. 2nd Lt.. Swear- 
ingen. Donald L.. Tavlor, Geo. de B., 1st Lt.. Walter, George 
M., Ward, Fred H., Warner. Wyllys, Wilkinson, John S. 

CI>ASS 44, May 18, 1918. 

Baxter, Jas. L.. 2nil Lt.. i;i.\b.\. Kex V.. Cliapman. Henry 
B Cobbey. Jean. 1st Lt.. Doggett, Wm.. K.. 2rid Lt.. Edger- 
toh Harry M.. 2nd lA.. Erdmann. Robt. W.. 2nd Lt.. Evans, 
George E.". Fosnight. Reed O.. 2nd Lt.. Fox. Roliert R.. Gad- 
hurv. Joseph H.. 2nd Lt.. Gilhreth. Floriam R.. 2nd Lt.. Hargis. 
Arthur C. Hearn. James A.. High. Stanley H.. Hol- 
mes. Raymond M.. 2nd Lt.. Hunt. Jesse. Jackson. John 
S 'nd Lt. Keltus. John A.. Kennedy. Gayen L.. Langin. James 
J ' Leyy Charles H.. Loudenback. M. V'.. 2nd Lt.. McWhirter. 
Louis B.. Metz. Harold W.. Myers. Clarence A.. Shepherd. 
Robt A.. 2nd Lt.. Sonntag. Wm. !>.. Stell. (George W.. Strange. 
Thomas W.. Tench. George E.. Tools. Charles K.. Vanden- 
berge, Joseph V. 

CI.ASS 45, MAY 25, 1918. 

Bates. Crahame M.. 2nd Lt.. Blye. John IT.. Jr.. Brooks. 
Thomas. Dayidson. Rufus B.. Brake. .Mbert B.. Fits. Fi-ed. 
Hardage. Lewie W.. Harris. Ray G.. Hart Joseph L.. Innis. 
Cecil R.. Macurdy. William V.. Merrill Ma/.el M.. Mnrgan, 
Charles L.. Payton. Gwynne. Pearson. Wm. I).. Percy. LeRoy 
P. Rowley. William P.. Shervyood. Clark I'.. Sloan. Ed\yard 
C.,' 2nd Lt.. Wynne. Teddie L.. York. Elisha L. 

CUISS 46, JUITE 1, 1918. 

.\ldridge. .\ndMw J.. Crooks. LI. Joinies H.. Chamberlain. 
Paul R.. Chapman. Amos 1!., Coimolly. Bernard F.. Lt.. Evans. 
Jay C. Forbes. Clarence E.. Lindsay. John W.. Mitchell. AUin 
F. ■ Powers. John E.. Rudd. Charles M.. Shadow, Willis A.. 
Smith. Lt. Edgar H.. Wall. Frank K. Winston. Thomas B., 
Woollen, Clyde L. 

CI.ASS 47, JUNE 8, 1918. 

Allen D. Abbott. Carlos R. .\llen, I'anl G. Allen. Lt. Walker 
,\nderson. Timothy P. Applegate. Lt. M. Craig Barrv. Matthew 
H. Bradley. Carl P. Braunig. Montrose Burt. Wallace J. 
Cameron. Tvra O. Cheatham. Jr.. Melville P. Church. Lt., 
Edward H. Conklin. Ott L. Connell. John T. Darwin. Lt. Ira 
C. Eaker. Capt. .Sidney S. Eberle. George F. Eustis. James W. 
Gibson. Lt.. Sydney M. Greve. Thomas B. Haggarty. Ralph E. 
Ha.semeir. John C. Haynes. Lt. William R. Holcomb. David E. 
Houston, Lt. Geo. C. Hutchinson. Raymcnid L. John 
E. Jones. Lt. Douglas Keeney. Wm. M. Kenner. Edwin R. 
Kohn. Leon G. Kranz. Claude T. Lloyd. Robert L. Lowrey. 
Charles H. McCrav. LI. Charles R. Macaulay. Lt. George J. 
McKeon. Jesse A. Madarasz. Wm. P. Mansker. Harold C. 
Mardi.s. Adlai T. Mast. Raymond W. Matthews. Allcutt W. 
Mendenhall. Harold R. Moore. Jr.. James S. Nail. John F. 
Nixon. Lt. Douglas C. Orbison. William M. Pittman. Henry B. 
Poindexter. Frederick J. Quinn. Tyler J. Rascoe. John E. 
Robson. Edward F. Kodefeld. George H. Rogers. Stanley H. 
Scott. Raymond F., Sherburne. Harrv S. Smcdley. Joe H. 
Smilie. Lt. Roval D. Sundell. lA. Lyman H. Thompson. Nathan 
L Traub Eayre B. Voorhees. Haskell L. Walworth, Franklin 
L. Watson. Lt. Charles K. Whaler. William V. Wier. Edwin 
S. Woodford. 

CI. ASS 48, JUNE 15, 1918. 

Lt. Roy M. Andrews. Lt. William R. Dusher. Lt. Wm 
H. FtizSimbns. Lt. Freeman P. Gait. Lt. Thomas J. Guv. Lt. 
Arthur A. Hardy, Lt. Edward C. Hauer. Lt. Clarence J. Lc- 
Page. Lt. Louis Livingston. Lt. Theodore S. Mead. Lt. Gunther 
Orsinger, Lt. Walter C. Page. Lt. John B. Patrick. Lt. Orlo 
H Quinn. Lt. Norman B. Randall. Lt. Edward W. Sage. Lt. 
Julius E. .Schaefer. Lt. Bovd Spencer. Lt. John W. Steward. 
Lt. Melzan M. Whittlesey. Lt. Barlow Winston. Abbott. Roy 
W., Claude. Akers. Seymour E. Anderson. Joseph R. Bain. 
Hugh H. Barker. Rov B. Bentley. Fred W. Berens, Carey K. 
Berger. Charles A. Blind, Raymond J. Blystone. Leo H. Ber- 
gelt. Charles J. Brant. Shirley E. Brick. Charles T. Briggs. 
Wesley F. Bufkin. Ralph Cammack. Fayette Copeland. Jr.. 
Flavis' .\. Donaldson. Harrv G. Donaldson. Dujardin. Harold E., 
Earl Durham. Nicholas B. Faris. Asahel J. Flaucher. Richard 
Furman. Joseph M. Green, John G. Haston. Walter J. Hawley, 
Fountain T. Ivev. Earl T. Johnson. Lester. Edwin M.. William 
J. I^ewis. John B. Lobb. Hugh T. McDermett. George C. Marbut. 
William S. Mseham. Henry B. Melrose. Emil Mikeska. Verne M. 
Monticue. Irving B. Peek. William A. Perry. Horace D. Plumb. 
Carle A. Rankin. John R. Reynolds. Allen G. Schrader. George 
W. Snow. Edwin C. Stewart. Bruce J. Stoddard. Willis Stowall, 
oJhn F. Studer, Carv D. Thorp. Rov W. Voss. Curtis L. Waller. 
John G. Walsh. James M. Williamson, Noel C. Wooten, Stanley 

CI.ASS 49, JUNE 22, 1918. 

CI.ASS £0. JUNE 29, 1918. 

Anilerson. Paul It., .\tkins. William II.. Barrett. Carl H.. 
Bennett. I'''rank C. Bernstein. Isidore H.. Binford. liavmoTid 
E.. Bryson. Willard A., Campbell. Alex W.. Campbell. Jcdn. 
I''., Currie. Ralph P.. Dewing. Norman. Eisenbeis. Percy O.. 
Erwin. Leo R., Ezell. Henry G.. Fisher, James M., Ford. Wil- 
liam I^.. Gemmer. Edwin P.. Hannah. George I.. Johnson, Clint 
T., Kerfool, Raymond W.. King, Shirley H., Kirpatrick, Robt. 
E.. Lambert, .\ubrey G.. Lowell. Clarence T.. McCormick. liay- 
mond R.. Merritt. Harrv W.. Mitchell. Clarence A.. Milchell, 
Thomas F., Montandon, Otoe F.. Mullins. William H.. Page, 
Henry M., Pelen. Paul W., Powell, George N.. Raynier. John 
C. Shielils. George M.. Simms. Ira R.. 1st Lt.. .Smith. Chester 
A.. Smith. David V.. Stewart, John A., Wallace, Philip H., 
Bulmer. Robert A.. Ellmore. Alfred C, Howe, Lyman J.. Rust. 
Francis H. 

CI.ASS 51, JULY 6, 1918. 

Anderson. Lind M.. Martin. Carl. Beaman. Bernard S., 
Bland. William T.. Jr.. Castnev, Charles B.. Clark. Bernard C, 
Clark. Reuben Grove. Clifton. George G.. Coffelt. Gola W.. 
Corbett. John H.. Cornelius. Clinton C. Downey. Victor I., 
Druschel, J. I). Henry. Duke. George M.. Engle. Thomas E., 
Erickson, Eddie N.. t^ay. George. Griebel. Edgar .\.. Grimes. 
Walter W.. Harper. Murphy W.. Heinsohn. Robert A., Holland. 
James T.. Hughes. Emory S.. Irwin, Ora W., Jackson, Oral 
K.. Koester. Paul O.. Lamb. Preston C. Lambdin. .Mien B., 

CIiASS S2, JUI.Y 13, 1918. 

Bacr, William S.. Barnhouse, Telford. Barrows. Charles 
A.. Biggs. Roy I., Blair, Winfre D.. Bohnhoff. Clarence C. 
Bonner. I-'rank H.. Broncr, George C. (^alhoun. Fi-ank T.. 
Chowins. Harold S.. Cubborly. Walter E.. Davis. Frank .\.. 
Deitrich. Carl C. Dunlay. Kean R., Durham. John O.. Elliot. 
John D.. Field, David E.. French. Guy H.. Friddle. Joseiilius. 
Grab. John A.. Greenfield. Walter. Hamilton. Edwin G.. Her- 
sey. Tliayer F.. Hickman. .Archie S.. Hoffman. Kenneth K., 
Howard. Charles M.. Hugo. Ottomar G.. James. Earl C. James. 
ICrnest K.. Kiefer. Everett D.. Lowe. Andrew G.. McGown, 
Floyd. Miller. Greaver L.. Miller. Ho\vard L.. Mullcr. Jacob F., 
Parsley. I'"Vank E.. Pratt. Ernest A, E.. Simpson. James A., 
Tansil. William C. Weir. Henry B.. Whitten. Lorimer S.. Wier. 
William B.. Wood. James Y.. Wright. Henry H.. Bray. John 
H.. Johnson. Richard P.. Peerman. Chester A.. Morgan. Henry 
F.. Schwertzman. Letm. Mann. Donald S.. 2nd Lt., St. Paul. 
John. Jr.. 1st Lt.. Tn-U-fi yen. Peter W.. 1st Lt. 

CLASS 53, JULY 20, 1918. 

Arnold. Leslie J., .\shbv. Edwin T.. Baker, Gilbert C. 
Benson. Willmar T.. Blair. Wiley Q.. Bleil. Herbert C. Bloch. 
Maurice I.. Boutwell. William J.. Boylan. David R.. Brantley, 
Edmond B., Buzaid. Gordon A.. Caldwell. Jesse C., Clark, 
Lester J., Clark, Wilson T., Cone, Robt, E. L., Delp, Daniel 
B.. Ellis. Paul O.. Fox, Charles J.. Gray. Merritt H.. Jr.. Harp- 
mann, Sigmund A.. Howe. George L.. Hyer. Robert S., Jen- 
kins. Harr\' B.. Kilpatrick. James I.. Logan. John S.. McBride. 
Davidson R.. McConnell. Rov A.. Magill. William H.. Mann, 
Walter J.. M.irkle, Jesse E., Meredith, Owen F., Moffatl, 
Paul K.. Nash. Harvey E., Nixon, Edward H., Patton. William 
W., Plank. William .1.. Piatt, .\llen S.. Raymond. Charles D.. 
Read. John P.. Reese. Herbert A.. Riplev. Louis A.. Robinson. 
William S.. Sellers. Hamilttm. Shellon. P'rank H.. Story. Robert 
E.. Walsh. Charles W., Wilson, William H., Wooten, James 
W„ Jr. 

CLASS 54, JULY 27, 191S. 

Allen. David J.. Jr.. Allen. Erroll W.. Axline. Albert W.. 
Baker. William T.. Barwick. Edward C. Beatty. Troy. Jr.. 
Bishop. Herbert E.. Blackburn. Erby. Bleakley. William J., 
Branch, Rufus C, Butts, David M.. Capps. Edwin I'.. Cleve- 
land. Edward S.. Daly. Marcus F., Fenton. Harold. Ferguson, 
Daniel, Fisher, Paul S., Garretson. Howard N., Gartrell. Char- 
les W.. Greenfield. Jos. C. Jr.. Griesenbeck. Carlos T.. Hall. 
Eugr-ne C.. Hillliouse. James D.. Hobbs. James E.. Holland. 
Edwin R.. Htmt. James O.. Ives. Anson J.. Jr.. Jones. Paul 
S.. Lighton. Louis D.. Little. James R.. McBee. Dudley G., 
Manier, Thomas M., O'Connell, Earl R.. Outlaw, John F„ 
Polster, Edwin G., Raines, John M., Robinson. Guy A.. Sellers, 
Cloyd v., Sheay. Laurence H.. Simms. Robert B.. Jr.. Sutton. 
Ernest S., Thomas. George E.. Thornton. Horace E.. Todd. 
Walter L., Townsend, Fitzhugh L., Wightman. Charles M., 
Wilkerson, Harry, Williams, Davis E., W^illke, Julian L., Wil- 
son, Edgar H., Woods, Harold M., Bollin, John J. 



CI.ASS 55, AUGUST 3, 1918. 

Allee. Grady Clarkson. Arnohl. Julian, Arnsun. Frank A.. 
Arnold, Embree C. Bannon. George S., Barnett. Keff L).. Bran- 
don, Leonard H., Brooks. Chester A.. Buckingrhani, Alfred R., 
Burgess. Charles B.. Butterworth. Charles F.. Carter, Owen, 
Callo, John, Jr., Chambers, Landon B., Chester, Samuel H.. 
J., Cloud, r'ayette J., Davis. Alfred W., Davis. Ronald Lee. 
Devine. Franklin F., Donaldson. William T., Earnest, LeRoy, 
Easterly. Leon E.. Englesby. E. T.. Fuller. Oran W.. Gardner, 
Gail Irwin, (Jrealhouse, T, A., Grosche, Alfred S.. (Juinec. 
William Fenton, Harris. Walter A.. Hardy. John A.. Hayes, 
Arnold E., Hill. James J.. Holloway. Robert G.. Hurst. Paul 
M., Jolinson, Samuel W., Jones, Repps K., Kimbell, Agee G., 
Langdon, Joseph, Leak, Arthur B., Little. Robert P., Long, 
William E., Lowrey. Leon K.. Lowrey. Rosewell G.. McQuis- 
tion, Fred. McMahon, Curry S., McMillin, James S., McMaul. 
Hollis O., Mann, Hugh L., Massey, Garvin L.. Mellen, Soth B.. 
Minis, Robert P., Moore, Ernest L., Jr., Maite, Herbert L., 
Ogle, Sanford E., Olsen, Oscar W., Quinlan, James H., Reagan, 
Charles R., Riley, Millard A., Sanchez, Julius, Schnapp, Ben, 
Schumann, Eugene G., Scott. Herbert J., Scott, Llovd W.. 
Scott. R. A.. Shead. L. L.. Springer. C. T.. Starbird. L. C, 
Steed, Paul P., Stevenson. Fred, .'itribling. William J.. Stur- 
geon, Cecil W., Thurman. C. T.. Thurman. W. B.. Tobin, James 
C., Ulrey, Sharon S., Victory, Charles C. Wallace. Benj.. H.. 
Wells, John E.. West, Albert E., Wooten, Hoyt B., Young, War- 
ren G. J kttfl 

CLASS £6, AUGUST 10, 1918. 

Agnew, Dupre L.. Alexan<ler. Al\iii J,, Archer, George W- 
Houghton. Charles W.. Boyer. Lon M.. Boynton, Orin M., Breder, 
Samuel C, Bumpous. Earl T.. Butters. William A., Carroll. 
Charles A.. Chambless, Earsel F., Clegg, Millard F., Conner, 
John E.. Crowe. Garland R.. Cuniming. Thomas W., Da\is. 
Donald M., Dodd, John M., Dodge, John F.. Dunlap, Forrest 
B., Eames, Obadiah, Evans. William R., Fairchihl. Luzerne 
H.. Fletcher. Ray Nelson. Foard. Castle W.. Gano, John T. 
Georges, Joel S., Gilbert, Walter E., Gordon, Gerald. 
Harding, Roy. Hearne, FVancis H., Hill, John R., 
Hines, Carter H., Hodnett, William H., Howard, William, 
Jr., Hoyt, Carroll L., James, Hugh S.. Kahrs, Albert J., King. 
Lawrence B.. Kinney, Edwin H., McDonald, Millard H.. Mad- 
dox. James H.. Matson, Roger E., Mill lean. Earl C. Milligan. 
Samuel J.. Ostrom. Emil H., Owens. George B.. Piatt. Harry 
L.. Radford, John R., Jr., Ray, Ervin P., Routon, Horace C. 
Schofield, Flo>'d O.. Shambaugh, Samuel R., Siebenhausen, C. 
H., Simpson, Alfred K., Sinclair, Alan K.. Small. George J., 
Smiili, Alfrei! F.. Sparks. Claude L.. Stewart. Marion G.. Stone. 
Marshall C, Todd. John E.. Townes. John D.. Tolar, John R., 
Tuggle, Garland D., Wheelock, Cyril E., Willcox. Albert S.. 
Williams, ."^tuart L,. Brown. Jack S.. Clampitl, George W., 
Downey. Fred. Drake, Robert H.. Fonts, Floyd F.. Hale, Quincy 
H., Johnson. William X., Jr., MeGalliard .Everett R.. Petrie. 
Sidney B.. Roussel, Horace S., Rydlum, Edwyn G., Stiles, 
Edwin A.. Wiseman, Herron W. 

CI.ASS 57, AUGUST 17, 1918. 

Ackerman, Edgar M., Lt., Amorous. Martin, Jr.. Appel, 
Charles A., Baker, Leman S.. Banks, Fred M., Barnett, George 
L., Barnhart, Horace C. Barrett. George C. Bartlev, Donald. 
Beck. Elton W.. Beck. Wesley A.. Blakney. John H.. Bovdston, 
Claude C. Brannon, Floyd E.. Buchanan. Frank A., Bvrd", Louis 
J., Caldwell, Andrew J., Caldwell. Frank E.. Callender, Har- 
vey C. Carlile. Lerov R., Carter. Joseph P., Clavton, Ross 
H.. Cobb, William B., Daniels, George H.. Dill. John G., Jr.. 
Dunston. Claude J.. Embree. Elisha D.. Faber. Albert A.. 
Ferguson, Robert G., Fisher, Edwin P.. Folk. Robert G.. 
Fuqua. Henry E., Gillett, Chas. B.. Lt., Greenwood, Victor L.. 
Hanna, Robert J., Hendren, Wm. H.. Jr.. Hitchcock. Harold M.. 
Hoyte, Edward B., Hunter, John H., Jess. Morris H., Johnsiui, 
Richard L.. Lassen, William H., Lee. Jav L., Lyons, John T.. 
McBride. Charles B., McConchie. Charles E.. McKnight. Wil- 
liam B., McWhirt, Burr B.. Mason. Jack W.. Jr., o' Bryan, 
John T., Poole. Amos R.. Rees. John B.. Robertson. William 
M.. Rothrock. William H., Rutherford. Paul J.. Scales. Elmer 
L., Shotwell, Prince E.. Spence. Percival W.. Stone. Thomas 
F.. Thomas. James O.. Thomas. Taylor. Washburn, Hugh D., 
Williams, Albert J., Young, Truman P. 

CI^ASS S8, AUGUST 24, 1918. 

Barrow, Edward R., Reeb.', .laiins L., Brll, Elmer N 
Biggerstaff. Charles C. Bostick. Francis X,. Boutellc, Richard 
S., Brackett. Arthur M.. Brigman. Fred C. Broadston. Clarence 
S., Brockenbrough, John L.. Brown. Frank A.. Brown, John 
S., Callender, Gordon W., Caldwell, Alexander, Jr., Carlton, 
William W., Carter, William F., Casev. Jerome S.. Clavton, 
George D., Jr.. Cole, Ransom J.. Coleman. Charles C. Col'ville, 
Mayo P.. Copeland. Goodrich R.. Crane. John W..' Crispin, 
Walter R., Crittenden, Orlando B., Jr.. Dillard, Charles L., 
Dodd, Raymond M.. Evans. Opal K.. (Jiles, James P., (Josnell 
Raymond E.. Hailey, Robert W., Halbert, Flovd J., Hanson, 
Fred D., Harrison, Blair, Humphrey. Rollin W., Unter, Miles 
R.. Hurst. John C. Jackson, Lyman L.. Jaiiues, John W.. 
Johnson. John H.. Kelly, Orton S., Kincannnn, Terry X.. Knox, 
Laurence E., Lewis, James R.. Long, Luther L.l Loveland. 
Harry G.. Lyon. William K.. McPhail, George L., McSwine, 
Griffith R., .Meadows, Julius O.. Mersnuin. Scudder, Millen. 
James K.. Millner, Robert H.. Milstead. I'Yank P., Moor.-, Joe 
H., Myers, Simeon L, Myer.s. Walter I).. Xeel. Glen W.. Xelson, 
Reuben L., Xorth. Elmer R.. Page. Clarence E., Parkhill. 
John L.. Pellstt. Irwin W„ Plosser. Louis K.. Jr.. Powell, 
Archie E., Powell, George W., liay. Silas D.. Raymond. Harry 
W., Rees, Harry F.. Rhorer. Horace L.. Rogers. Clauil K.. Ross. 
Eugene V., Rozier. Carlisle E.. Schlocman. Edward H.. Scotield. 
Herbert J.. Scott. Robert A.. SIcdd, Harrv I.. Sloan. John K.. 
Smalley, Robert C, St. John. Jame^ H., Stone. Erwin D., 

Taylor, Robert P., Thompson, Alfred E., Thompson. James M.. 
Topf, William L.. Troup. Abram, Jr.. Turner, Lewis S.. Twi- 
ford, Horace H.. Vauter. Lawrence E., Vesey, Frank C, Vet- 
ter. John M., Wait, .Albert H.. Wallack, Gerald R., West, John 
G.. Whitaker. Romulus A., Whitcomb, Claude E.. Whiteside. 
Whit, Williams, Frank C, Williams, Joshua N.. Withrow, 
Frank B., Ziegler, Frederick M. 

CI^ASS 59, AUGUST 31, 1918. 

.\Ilison. Andrew G., .Mlison. liavmond \'.. .AjJpiegate. John 
B.. Barbour, Louis W., Bean. Tilford H., Bebb, Forrest, Bell, 
Aubrey H.. Bell, James A., Black, Benjamin H., Blackwell. 
Thomas E., Jr., Bleakley, William E.. Bogue. .Maxwell A., 
Bridges. Harold A.. Brierly. Henry E., Brown. Nathan C, 
Callaway, Mark J., Chambliss, George E.. Clabaugh. John U.. 
Crowford, Carl F,, Daniel. Donald S.. Davis, Borden A.. Dewey, 
Paul C. Brake. Frederick 1"., Eastman, Dan V., Eaton, Josiah 
P., Ehlinger. Frank C.. Estes, Howard G.. Fanrenthold Leon 
T.. Fitzhugh, John C, Jr.. Futch, Ivey E.. Gartner, James L., 
Gay, Sanforil W.. Jr., Gilmore. P'orrest E.. Hancock. Henry L., 
Hearshman. Halsev L., Helwig, George H., Hood, Richard T.. 
Hunter. William F.. Irvin, Leon P.. Jones. Halford <).. Katuin. 
Gerald A.. Killmar. Frederick M., Klenke, John, Kyle. Thomas 
R.. Lambert, Isaac E.. Lancaster. Earl S . Lewis, Charles E., 
Luter. Elmer G., McCorkle. James L., McGlasson. Morey C. 
McLaury. Finley, Mallo\'. .Archie R.. Marlette. Nigal H.. itarr. 
Roy T., Marston, Karl K.. Marvin, Charles B., Mather, Charles 
C. Meyer, John E.. Miles, Ralph, Mood, William R., Norton, 
Frederick R.. Xurnberger. Stanley L., Orr, Robert A.. O'.Sul- 
livan, Vincent P.. Pills, Louis D.. Potts, Rov C. Reagan. Leon 
S., Reynolds. Edwin L.. Rockhill. Everett E., Roup, Glenn M.. 
Russell. James L.. Sandifer. Charles R.. Scott. William E.. 
Shackelford, Thaddens W., Shipley,, Everett B., Silliman, 
John M., Simmons, David A.. Simon. Leonard G., Sloan. James 
F., Smyth, Rol^erl, Starbuck. .Arthur B.. Steele. John R,. Stroup, 
Benjamin R., Swann. Thomas R.. Taylor. Walter G., Ta.vloi-. 
Yanlis H., Timberlake. Harold C, L'nderwood, Ernest E., 
Vanderscliniidl, Wm. W., Walter. Harold. Westrup. William 
W., White, George D., Williams R. Clyde. Wood, Glen E., 
Woodhead, William W. 

CI.ASS 60, SEPTEMBEB 7, 1918. 

.Abshire, Puupert C. .X.lkin.s. Frank S.. Bacon, Clifford, 
Barnhart, Harry B.. Bemiss, Lloyd G.. Bitner, Jacob R.. 
Blair. John R., Bliss, Carl D., Boylan, Charles C. Brim, .Sidney 
A.. Buchanan, Ellis W.. Butterly. James A.. Caldwell. Emil 
D.. Callahan. Cornelius P.. Campbell. Earl K.. Carpenter, Keith, 
Clement, Ben E.. Click. James H.. Cottingham. Claude W., 
Craddock, Humphrey R.. Craig, Frank W., Crutcher, Waller 
L.. lioughertv, Lewis B.. .Ir., Drexel ,Harvev J.. Dunlav. Wil- 
liam H.. Eads, Ralph. Eddy. Frank R.. Edwards. Earle. Ellis. 
John \A'.. Espe. William. FitzSimons. Chris.. Jr.. Ford. Leo 
M., Frazer, Robert W.. Garth. Cornelius V., George, Clark W., 
Golden, Wesley D., Greenfield, John M., Grist, .Alpheus C, 
Guthrie, John M.' Haynes, James I.. Hoffman. Marvin. Hol- 
land, Herbert H., Humphre.\'s. Leon A., Hunt, Glenn S., In- 
gram, James G.. Johnson. .Arthur E., Jones. Henry H.. Kearney, 
.Arthur li.. Kennedy, Fletcher G,. Knupp. Carlton D.. Kolberg, 
Victor M.. Laux, William M.. Little. Orlando B.. Livingston, 
Waller R.. Long. George B., Lyon. Theo. A.. Mc.Aleer, Joe D.. 
.VIcCammon, John I.. Macfie, .Andrew P.. Mansfield. Ralph L.. 
Marsh, Roy A., Marshall, Marcus, Martin, .Archer H., Moore. 
Morgan. Murphy. Charles M.. Nelson, Joyce C, Perry, .Albert 
F., Reaves, Hart W., Reid, Sidney C, Richardson, Robert P., 
Ricker. Norman H.. Sarff, Ralph H.. Simmons. John R.. 
Speake, Neal M.. Splawn. Lawrence L.. Spreng. Theodore P.. 
Stockman. William T,. Thompson. David H.. Jr., Trent. Charles 
B., Tultle, Herndin W. Walker, Earl R.. Walsh. Charles .A.. 
Weinmeister. Carl J.. Jr.. Weston, Frank L.. Wil.shusen, Wil- 
mer, L., Wilson. Sidney AL, Wright, Richard H.. .Andrews. 
Cyril .M., Dutton. Winfred A. 

CI.ASS 61, SEPTEMBER 14, 1918. 

.Aldredge, R.'bert I".. Maker. Jani.-s C Baxter. William K, 
Jr., Bishop, Waller W. Jr., Bolen. Harry L.. Bomfin. .Annibal, 
Booth. John P. Jr.. Brogan. John H.. Burton. Ivo .A.. Byers. 
Edmund E.. Calkins. Thomas V.. Carr, Thomas M.. Carrigan, 
Joe B.. Castles, Dave E.. Church. Samuel S.. Clarke. Norman 
B., Conn, Richard D., Cox, Howard C, Dargan, William H.. 
Dekker. Edward N.. Draughon. -Albert H. Jr., Englebrechi, 
John H,, Foskett, G., Gillett. Reno G.. Goodjohn. Marl; 
I).. Graham, Robert H.. Gravemkemper. Henry F.. Harr.dl. 
Wallace .M. Jr., Heimberger, Oscar W., Hendrixson. John E.. 
Hoffman, I., mis E.. Hornor, Marvin C, Holz. Robert II.. Huck. 
Laurie M.. Huglus. Harry R.. Hull. Roy B., Hungerford. Manley 
J.. Huycke. Clarence C. Jenewein. Harold J.. Johnson. Lelanti 
G.. Kelly. Brian M.. Knox. Carl B.. Konantz. Joseph S.. Lang- 
mead, Edmund C. Levereti, James R.. Loudin. Paul D.. Lowe. 
Lewis .A.. Mc.Anelly. Stanley M.. McNellv. Irving B., Ma.son. 
.August H.. Matthews. Thomas R.. Miller. Ernest M.. Maver. 
Sidney B., .Molesworth. Edward R.. Moore. Frederick W.. Mosig, 
Carl G., Munday. Morgan L., Nugent, Morgan T.. Oettinger. 
Leonard L.. Olander. Carl E., O'Leary. Ivan V.. Park. James, 
Piazza, George. Pinckney. Edward W.. Puckett. Louis H.. 
Rogers. Samuel .\.. Rogers. Harold N.. Sebring, Louis L.. Sill. 
Harold L.. Smith. Harris .A.. Spaelhe. Charles -A.. Starkev. 
Earl F., Stout, Joe F.. Slrei; field. Conrad. Sweeney. Carroll F.. 
Taylor. Howell. Trout. Guy N.. Van .Ausdall. Norman. Von 
Struve, .Armand W„ Warren, Guv I.. Well.s, Raymond C, 
While. Frederick F.. Wilkerson, William W., Williams, Thur- 
man H., Williams, Leslie W., Wilson. Edward F., Wilson. 
-N'oble, Wood, .Arthur G., Yates, Hector B., Zehringer, Clarence 
R.. Blair. John E.. Wear. John P. Jr.. .Allen. William M.. 
Blakeney. .\nthony K.. Bradley, Forbes, Jr.. Browne. Herl" rt 
J.. Childers. Erasmus U., De .Armon. Rutherford M.. Dell. 
Waller J.. Glenn. John C, Henningsen. Hening O.. Mahaffev. 
Ba.vard F., Pipkin. Gleenwood R. 



CIiASS 62, SEPTEMBEB 21, 1918. 

Allen, Philip M.,, CIkhI.s \\'., Arnold, LyiiiMii I)., 
Austgen, Ernest C Ballard, Herbert \i.. Baxlty. l.eoii K. 
Bernhard. Uurward I.. Blodytl, Delniar B., Bonner. Thomas .'^., 
Bowers, Waller A., Boyd. Arnold H., Boyd, Van B, Brady, 
Arthur, Brown, Clarence. Brown, William S., Burns, .\rthiir S.. 
Cairns, Ralph H.. Camphell. Dayid W., Carson. Walter 1... 
Cassell, Paul H.. Cole. Harry B.. Comlis. Charli'S. ("ornisli, 
Cavell C, Council, Harris .S., Coyle. Edwaril T.. Cuenod. Eddie 
1>\. Uavis. Albert K. Dill, Edwin C, Doughty, Henry N.. 
Edwards. Stephen M.. Eek. L,anrie M.. Eichelberger. Hugh L.. 
Evans, William T., Flaherty, .loe C, Frost. I'rank H.. Gale, 
Freeland, Gordon, Fred J.. Grigsby, William R.. Harwood. 
Franklin I*., Hawthorne. Chuncy. Helm, Jack, Hemmins. 
Victor E.. Hickman. Henry R.. .Jones, Reginald .1.. Kite, 
William C. Kolp. Uonald L).. Kuriz. Paul S., L.i Chappelle, 
Richard de, Katimer, Robert B.. l.each. Hugh, Lester. Edward 
R.. Livingston, George 1).. Long, Eli, McCue, Hartsell I., Mc- 
Govern, Grover J., Mc.Master, Henry T., MacDonald, Davis R., 
Mason, James A.. Michel. Homer L., Monroe. Kenneth H., 
Moore. Albert C. Moore. Wilson D., Morrisett. Lloyd N., 
Morrison. Arnold G.. Murdock. .lames A.. Olsen. .\dolph H.. 
Payne, Richard F., Phillips. Jack. Pitcairn. Harold F., Price. 
Ira L., Randolph, Harvey II., Rawlings, Ray A., Reed, James 
W., Reichenhack. Jay C, Roach. Joe C., Roberson, Charles C. 
Robinson. Charles J., Seested, Frank A., Sherwooil. Glenn L.. 
Sinclair, Francis M.. Skouras, Spyros P.. Smith. Cedric C, 
Smith, Donald E.. Sperry. .Vlbert A., Slarr. James H.. Steger. 
Vincent, Stevenson, Martin L.. Stockdale. Arthur M'.. Sturges, 
Preston K., Suchland, l''red G., Sudduth, Kenwood T.. Tapolow. 
Samuel B.. Thompson, James M. .Jr., Thornton. Maui ice K.. 
Trimble, John, Vest. George W.. Vidquarts. Victor 11., Wagner, 
Irven H., Wakefield. George E.. Walker, l.ucian II., Warner. 
George W., Wllen, Ivan L.. Williams. Walter J.. Wilkinson. 
Thomas W., Wilson, Francis M,, Womack, Travis T., Wood. 
Frank A., Wood, Jack B. 


Adams. Edward <;.. .Ml.n. Al.rh 1'.. ,\nclerson. llobert G., 
.\nderson, Walter S.. Andrus, c 'arl I''.. Arnold, Howard. Bechtol, 
George A., Boatwright, James K.. Bower. Benjamin .\., 
Burdette. Joseph L.. Burnham, Charles H., Buslmell, .Mvin R, 
Jr.. Chase, .\lbert R.. Coonier, Walter F., Cornwall, Michael. 
Crawford, Vivian F.. c;'ro\v. IIarr>- M., Dale, Norman C., 
Donovan. (Jeorge P.. Doyle. Edwin M.. DuMoe, Joseph T.. Ellis, 
William .-V.. Fajen, Theodore E., Floersoh, Mark E.. I'^reeman, 
Maurice P., French, Robert C, Frost, Frederic W., Gallagher. 
Harold T.. Gerard. Stephen. Glennon. Robert P., Gregory, 
George M., Grieni. Rolf, Hall. Clyde K.. Haven, Edward (J.. 
Haydon, Frank, Hedges, William S.. Helffrich. Donald L.. Hen- 
derson, Arthur B.. Hinckley. Thomas li., Heltman, Cliarles C. 
Jr., Holton, Verl A., Homer. Frank B., Hoover. Ralph W.. 
Hundley, James C, Ingram, Robert M., Jronie, James H., Kahl, 
Vernon A.. Kale. Richard L.. Kenyon. Herford P.. Knausz. 
Edward H., Lee, Frank W.. Lemon, Elmer H., Loftus, Fred II., 
Lubbe, Edward C. McDowell, Clarence W., .McGregor, .\rthur, 
Mayer, Adolph. .Meyer, Edwanl B.. Morgan, Ellis H., Murchi- . 
son, Fred II.. .Nowlin, Harold B., Nutt, Roger, Oglctreo, 
Ferdinand H., Osborn, Walter C, Pillsburty. Guy A.. Potter, 
William D. Jr., Pruden, l''red D., Rawlins, Harry A., Roberts, 
Herbert P.. Robinson. Donald R., Robinson. Louis T., Rose, 
Donald D., Rowe. Daniel M., Russ, .Mien B., Schley, Thomas J.. 
Schrite. Jacob E., Scotl, Donald R.. Se.\ton, William. Sheffield, 
William H.. Shenefelt. Everett E., Smith. Walter .\., Sperry, 
Harold F.. Springer, Allen M.. Staples, Ekiol S.. Steiner, Robert 
L., Stephens, George A., Strubinger. Ta>'lor, Swatek, Charles 
M., Terry, Vern. Thompson, Clinton S., Thornton, Itaymond E.. 
Torkelson. Eliet M.. Tucker, Tliomas N., Van Keenan, John D., 
Vernon, James E., Wallace, Otto M., Welles, Henry II., 
Wheeler, Robert B., Whiltemore, George S., Willie. Milton P.. 
Wlmberly. Adlai B.. Young. Benjamin L., Yule, Fred F. 

CLASS 64, OCTOBER E, 1318. 

.Miliotl, Walter L., .\ndersmi, Fred D.. .Vrterbury, Roy L.. 
Austin Samuel L., Bailliero, Thos. G., Bane, Robert F.. Barn- 
hart. A. S. Bower, W. C Beyer, F. M.. Bradley, II. N., Brown. 
T. N., Brvson. .V. D., Busher, W. C, Bysum, M. T., Campbell, 
G. P., Cus'hman, F. H.. Clarkey, L., Cotner, W. C, Daniel, T. S., 
Davis, A. N., Davis, R. L.. Downe. N. E., Doyle, W. R.. Drake, 
H. L. Ehrentraut, C. F.. Ethyre, L. E., Fedeley. F. H.. Frost. 
E. R.. Garvin, L. V., Gibbs, J. P., Golden, W. S., Hamilton. W. 
W., Hancock. N. G., Hansen. D. H., Harris. C. R., Haynsworth, 
C. H„ Heath, B, R.. Harspergor. W. W.. Hines, W. E., Jordan, 
R. P. Kagev B. L., Kavanagh, J. R.. Kemper. E. P., Kersting, 
C. A.. Kleiii. W. J., Kohler, J. E.. Lamb, L. J., Larson. H. C, 
Lawey, J. L., Little J. P. Jr.. McGwana, L. E.. McHugb. M. J., 
Mclntvre, R. P.. McKen. L. A., Mack, H. A., Magill. H. T., 
Martin. C, Martin, W. L.. Massey. W. H.. Maincke. K. II. 
Merritt. H. W., Mitchell. Walter P.. Moltrup. Ja.s. F.. Mounts. 
Neil W., Nachtrab, Lawrence J., Oldham, Henry G., Orcutt, 
Gran G., Overall. Jas. E.. Patterson. Howard V., Pollock, Elmer 
W., Quail, Frank V\'., Ramsey. Carl J.. Resser, Edgar S., Itey- 
nolds. Burrell G.. Rives, Jas. !•"., Roberts. Harry E.. Ronan. 
Kenneth M.. Sealey, Earl T.. Shaw, Herbert F.. Shepherd. 
Abrain L., Sherwood, Clair I., Smith. Hallett F.. Smith. Howard 
D.. Stafford, David T., Stansfeld, Jas. E., Stephens, Homer B., 
Stilwell, Stuart F., Stitt. Jas. C. Stone. I'Yed .\.. Taylor. 
Eugene S., Tennis. Wm., VanBrunt, Lerov J.. VanVleck. Harrv 
H., VonStein. Lewis R.. Waldron, Lester J., Wheat, Jno. P. 
Jr., Williams, Harold G., Williams. Roger L., Wilson. Wm. S.. 
Witsel. Fred L., Young. Austin Jr.. Walton. E. E.. Keller. 
Harry L., Nolan, Jno. F.. Sweet, H. H., Banning, Freo, 
Ferriinan, Robt. J.. Ficklen. Jno. D.. Harrison, Benj. V.. Per- 
kins, laVerne. Porter. Thos. .^., Wilkinson. Frjink B. 

CIiASS 65, OCTOBER 12, 1S18. 

Adams, William P., Bixby, Max. Black. .Alfred C. Blinston, 
Chester A., Bloss, John R., Breck, Spencer, Bruton. John T., 
Cain, Howard S., Canfield, Howard S., Carroll, Joseph W.. 

Cheatham, Thomas C. CoUat, Siena Bvck, Cottle, William A., 
Dally. Ovid L., Davis. Gaza R., Davis, William R.. Dwerak, 
.Mfred V., Enzler, l^eroy J.. Eiwin, Paul H., Kelder, Pelhani 
L. Jr., Ferry, James W.. Foote. Jay B., French. John P., l''iirbec. 
J.'imes H.. Gibson, .Alexander 11., Gordon. Gilbert J., Gray, Lee 
U.. Hamilton, Lewis A.. Hamrick. Earl A.. Hannum, Thos. K., 
Ilassett. ,)()seph N., Hayes, Louis J., Haynes, StanUv L., 
Hetsch, Justus K., Hichner, Edward S.. Holbrook. John I'.. 
Holze, Homer M., Horner. Ernest A., Hughes, James Ilumbard, 
John L. LaR., Irvine. Stuart. Jacob. William P.. Jaioevson. 
Howard E.. Jesson. William .\., Keehn, Paul E.. Kelly. Frank 
M.. Kemp. John E.. Kinney, Dor.sey E., Lingemak. Wesley E.. 
Loundenslager. I'^arle. Loy. Elmer C, Lush. Jay L.. McDonnald, 
John S., McKenna, Lee I'".. McKown. Harry C. McShanc, 
Charles L.. Mayer. Sidney A., Merritt. Clark C, Morrish. Ralph. 
Muckley. Wwight H.. O'Kecte, Eugene, Orrico, Joseph R., Orris, B.. I'aradis. Emile E., Parker, Walter J.. I'avton. Jjelanrl 
R., Pirtle. Paul Wilson. Piatt. Henry R. Jr.. Rather. Nathaniel 
H.. Itye, Harold, Schmid, John B., Schonberg. Elliott T,, Seeley. 
Benjamin E.. Shirley, George. Smith. Walter H.. Sniiers, Philip 
W., Squrrier. Percy Mc .Staiilev, Harrold B.. Steele. Edwin 
S., Stenseth. Miltim V., Stowell, .\rchic J., Strauss. Tliomas P.. 
Sullivan. Herbert Ray. .Sweet. Horace C. Sykora. Robert 1., 
Teel, Donald. Thompson. Thomas C, Totzke. Karl C... Tutlle, 
Roval L., Vcenker, George F., Waldron. Frank B., Ward. .Sam 
M. Jr.. Warren. John B., Watson. Willis M.. West. Charles C.. 
Wilbert, Gustave C, Willing. Walter W.. Wilson. Robei t C, 
Withrow, Stanley C, Wolfe. William D.. Wright. William G. 

CIiASS 66, OCTOBER 19, 1918. 

Blair, Jackson V. H. .Jr.. Boy.l, l'"rank H., Breckling, 
Arnold C. Brookling. William G., Biunner. Emanuel G.. I'alden. 
Roland H.. Carlson, Harr\- \\'.. Catri, Peter P., cleon, Joseph, 
Croul, Milan E.. Detrick. Oros J., Elliot. -John M.. Erb. Harry 
L.. Fortl, John W., I'^'rasch, Burrows H., Garrison, Elmer H., 
Girling, Royden G., Hardrich, .\lonzo W.. Harr. Samuel. Hine. 
Henr>' 1.. Howells, Charles L., Hughes, Lawscjn H.. Mutton, 
Lee W., Iddings, Arthur, .lacobs. Thomas A., Johnson. David 
W., Jones. Paul R.. Keen. Harold C, Kernan. Francis N., 
Koonts, Raymond R.. Koontz. Harry L.. Ligon. Ernest M. 
Lowrey. Perrin H., McCarroll. Robert H.. McGreevy, Richard 
J., MciVlurray, Robert G., Mabon. Alexander W., May. Howell 
B.. Moran. .lesse A.. Nichols. Marvin C, Oliver, l^ockwood. 

CIiASS 67, OCTOBER 26, 1918. 

Birbeek, Robert T.. Blitch, Norman H. Jr., Brown, Thomas 
H.. Buchanan, Hubart K., Clark, Phillip J.. Colter, Marion F., 
tVmrad, Edwin O.. Dairies. Leo A.. Dean. Charles W., Downs, 
.lohn J., Dowell. Gideon S.. Farrisee, William .1., Ferguson, 
Norman R.. Frederick, Raymond A., Gallagher, Thos. J.. Lieut., 
Gerdes, Walter H., Cjregor. William (x.. Hall. Ulmout H.. 
Hansford. Don S.. Hughes, (^liarles W., ,la>'ne, John C. \\'., 
Jones. Russell S., Keith. Kenneth B.. Kent, Thomas M., Kollie, 
I.,eo F.. Kramni. Howard W.. Kuhn, Mark V.. Luskv. Lou, 
McDonald, Frank 1.., Hahaffey, Dwight W., Naughton. William 
P.. Moone. Wilfred F.. Paulson. Enoch O., Pearse. Robert H., 
Percell. Charles L.. Radway. Henry L.. Reaney, Paul S., Ronan, 
James C, Spaulding, Raymond L.. Wilson. George A., Cobbey, 
Paul S., Emerich. Lyndon B., McFarland, Harvey A., Pearcc, 
Maurice C.. Pfaff. .Arniand C. Sininii>ns, James M. 

CI.ASS 68, NOVEMBER S, 1918<. 

Ball, Leonard T., Berry, Tommie L., Betts, Albert B., 
Blanchard, Roland, Clagett. Josiah D„ Cofer, Milford J.. 
Covert, Tobias C, Dougherty. Randolpli E., Field. James B., 
Francis, Kenneth L., George, Elmer de W.. Heermance. .Andrew 
H., Joseph. Pearly D.. King. Benjamin H., McConnell, John, 
Prothero, Flovd S.. Ralston, Narlan E., Robinson, Marius E. 
Jr., Rhodes. Ernest C, Roinig, Carl O., Stegall, Elbert S., 
Slratton, Ed. K., Ward. Fred L. 

CIiASS 69, ITOVEIiCBER 9, 1918. 

Alexander, Harr\' E., .Austin. Cecil, Bustin. Leo D., 
Cantrell. Royal A., Gaither, Burgess W., Gorr, Arleigh E., 
Griess, Justin W.. Hottle. Bufford. Jacks. John P., Jacoby, 
Ray L., Pierson, Joseph H., Witliers. Henry P. 

CIiASS 70, NOVEMBER 16, 1918, 

Dunklin, Louis L., Green. Harold L., Love, John .\1.. 
Thompson. Tell. 

CIiASS 71, NOVEMBER 23, 1918. 
Davis, Richard B. 

CIiASS 72, DECEMBER 7, 1918. 

.Aderhold, Wallace J.. Bailey, Norman S.. Bishop. Hendrix 
E.. Brown. Newberne H., Clary, Robert S., Comer, Russell J. 
Dougherty, Clarence W., Garrison, Edgar E.. Glenn, Charles 
L.. Henb', .Alvous. Huebsch. Monty F.. Kane. William E, T., 
McElvain. Velie L., Mattliews. Percy A.. Prewitt. Alva L., 
Pricer. John S., Recli, Ridiert C, Reynolds. Otto S.. Ross, 
William D.. Russell, Carl R.. Scbeidenhelm. Albert K., Scheirer, 
James E.. .Shugart, Harold E., Singleton, Grav. Smith. Thomas 
M., Smith, Warner W.. Sobota. Thomas P., Stinson, Edgar C, 
Stock, George B., Trimble, Roy I.. Williams, Harold G.. Yar- 
horough, Louis G., Armstrong, James B., .Attwood, Vernon J., 
Auman, .Allan A,. Bennett. Raymond. Bullock. Harrison. 
Butler, James F. 2nd LI.. Cox, H. E., Davidson, Roy. Depe%v. Ed- 
ward H.. Evans, Noel B.. Fink. Joseph E., Friend, Roydon L., 
Garrigus, Woodford M., Gellatly, Lester L., Cranberry, Hal C, 



Harvey, Jack D., Jett. Wni. S. Jr., Kemp, Van Home. Knox, 
Samuel S., Lawyer. George I.. McFadden, Bruce G.. McKercher, 
Leslie A.. Org^ill. Edmunil. Peple. Gustave A. Jr.. Porter, 
George J., Powell. Willard B.. Richardson. Noble N., Slacli. 
Francis G.. Stanford. Edgar W.. Stuart, Herbert E., Vernon. 
Miles H., Wood, Jfihii V. 

CI.ASS 73, DECEMBER 14, 1918. 

Allspaugh. Hugh F., Ayers, Chester, Brown. Arthur C, 
Burns, Joseph A., Campbell. Archie B., Carlson. Louis A.. 
Carter. Willard G., Casey. Tlionias J.. Cleland. Mont G.. Coon. 
Hugh W.. Copeland, Albert R., Currivan, Jolin F.. Davis, Don 
D., Dinsmore, Chester A.. Disney, Harry P.. Ell more. Paul W.. 
Ford. Daniel L.. Faster. John R., Garten. Vern E.. Oeise. 
Charles B., Goetz. Wilbur E.. Hanson. William C. Harmati, 
Gabriel C. Harrison, Robert L.. Hunt. Russell J.. Johnston, 
Harold W., Jones. Will, Weogh, James G., King. Joseph A., 
Kruse. Charles H.. Langdon, Clarence I., Law, Raymond G., 
Lewellen, Adrian E., Liir.bocker. Thomas B.. Lindegren, Carl 
C. Louther, Paul K., MeCarter, Thos. N. Jr., Merwin. Dale, 
Nachtwey. Albert M., Parsons, Felix N., Pearson, Alfred P., 
Pittman, Bailie S., Jr., Reid, Chauncey S.. Rice. Orbie O., 
llumage. DeForrest, Short. Leonard R.. Simon. Harry A., 
Skillman, Cleon F., Smith, Grover L., Smith. Raymond D.. 
Serg. Paul M.. Steele, William M., Striker. Wallace M. Capt.. 
Sullivan. Harold J.. Swinson. Richard H., Taylor. Merle. Teach. 
LaVerne, Thoieson, Roscoe C. Turner, Toby L.. Ulrich, Robert 
S.. Valentine, Clyde W.. Vandrenil. Leo E.. Wagner. Reuben L.. 
Walker, Sidney L., Ward, Robert I., Warner. Reuben .7r.. 
Weller. Mortelle K., West. Francis B. Jr.. Wilson, George H.. 
Wilson. Leonard L.. Winslow. Marion J.. Wood, Edwin R.. 
Ziegler, Walter, Jamison. Joy E. 2nd Lieut. 

ClfASS 74, DECElVrBEB 21, 1S18. 

Bentsen. Llnyd M.. Ulack, Clair S., Broyler. James E.. 
Cairnes , John C. Carlelon. Harold A. R.. Cullison. Douglas 
L., Donaldson, Frank P., Ek)uan, Elmer F., Fletcher. Ralph G.. 
Fredlund, Frederick A., Hoglund, John A., Kuebler, .A-Ifred L., 
Larson, Roy R. D., Lunde.s;aard. Elert E.. McCormiek. Ori'i T., 
Moreinis, David, Murphy, John R.. Pinkerton. Verner S., Price. 
Clarence C, Ransom, Robert H., Smith. Norman A., Willinger, 
Leo M. Ervin. George H., Forsythe. Everett C, Rushfeldt. 
Victor L., Shea. John H. 

CI^ASS IS, JANUARY £, 1319. 

Aaron, R. L.. Banfill. C, Y.. Barbee. S. X.. Bovle, J. P.. 
Brown, G. C. Carroll. A. B.. Carweth. W. W., Chilton, R. N.. 
Clark. E. W.. Clark, J. E.. Cronan, R. T.. Fauro:, H. Jr., 
Forgie, W. L., Foster. R. F., Fowler. G., French. J.. Garrett. 

E. C. Harmon. F. H., Harriman, W. L., Hartford, C. E., 
Hiestand B., Jackson, N. D., Lesher. C, R., Lownv, S. M.. 
Marshall. W. M. Jr.. Matthews, J. J., Meinger, F. H.. Meyer. 
C. F., Miller, B. A., Murphy. Clemens. Perry, P. R.. Redding- 
ton, W. T.. Seaman. L. F.. Sharer, D. D., Shaw, G. W.. Swiler. 
C. P., Thrprne. H. W.. Washburn, G. H., Webb, R. S., Williams. 
L. B.. Woodard. S. I'. 

Officer Observers — Allis, F. H., Bailev, J. H.. Bellows. 

F. B.. Black. E. C. Carlisle. R. B.. Cassell. J. C. Cohn. R. U, 
Crumb. H. C. Drew, F. L.. Eastland, R. P., Estes, W. B.. 
Farnham. J., Ferrell, E. B.. Goddard. R. B., Herman, R.. Horst- 
man. W. G., Kennedy, T.. Kisselburg. B. M.. Knox, C. R., 
LeM'is, J. L.. Lindblom, B. A., Lockwood. M. K.. Maguire. 
H. B., Makillski, S. J., Merrem. L. C. Morsv, G. E., PiJtton, 
E. J., Reck. R. L., Perrv, Harlev, Pierce, B. A., Ray. L. C. 
Rogers, W. J., Shayes. F. P., Trickey C. T., Vivian. W. R.. 
West. E. H., Young. R. L. 

CJ^ASS 76, JANTTAB'S' 11, 1919. 

Bergman. Walter G.. Hiidg.-. Ctorge M.. Carse, Donald U.. 
Cork, Edward C, Edinburgh, Harold W., Gardner, Ralph A., 
Gault, Frank P., Gibson, Dorrance P., (Joodenough, Nelson B.. 
Hills, William L., L'Amereaux. Rettig C, Marland, George R., 
Riley, Harold P., Side-Livermore. W. S., Sturtevant, William 
N., Sutphen, Preston L., Werhan, George E. H., Williams, 
Raymond E. 

CLASS 77, JARUABT 18, 1919. 

Akers, William S.. Becker. Paul M.. Birmingham, Francis 
I.. Cornwall, Frederick R.. CJascoigne, Ransom M., Gibbons. 
John S.. Hill, George W., Hines. Paul S., Knight. Frank Jr.. 
Lohr. Edwin E.. Mitchell, Wade R.. Moore, James M.. Romane. 
Frank L.. Savage, William S., Teter, Paul E., Walling, Norman 
R., Whittlesey, Robin A. 

CI.ASS 78, JANTJABY 2£, 1919. 

Bird. Wallis C. BiannMi,, H,,,„. r T.. Brown. Earl. Fleming. 
M. C. .)r.. Gruver. Elmer L.. Hales. James L.. Henrv. Robert 
C., Hetzel, Ralph L., Jacobs. Harrv L.. Jagou. Lionel'.M.. Kim- 
ball, Ellas S. ,)r.. Latham, Ector B. Jr., Learv, James B.. Lott. 
Egbert P.. Macgregor. .\rthur S., Merchant. Brinlnall H.. 
Methvin. Ernest H.. Moller. Joseph A., Morgan, .\rtliur W.. 
NicholLs, Samuel S., Xichol.s, Newton Y., O'VIallev, Charles H. 
Palmer, Julian P.. Schubach. Stanley .M., Silkev, Stephen G., 
Swanson. Ralph A.. Vance, Lederich S.. Wadle^gh, Jamts H 
\^ agner, Robert B.. \Villiams. Gardner. Wells Wilbur J 
Wilson. Will. S. Jr.. Woo.l.-. L. sli.' K.. Long. Wilbur. 

CI^ASS 79, FEBBUABY 1, 1919. 

Burroughs. Robert P., Cbidester. .Murrav B.. Christie. Jno. 
B., Gilnagli, Lawrence J.. Grace, William H, Hurford. Milfor.I 
M.. Jenkins. Kneeland, Keisker, Cbas. W., Lemmon. Evere t B., 
McBeth, Jno. S., Nemby. Glenn II.. Perry. Robert K., Roaii- 
house, Colin S., Sandusky. Fredeiick M.. Sheldon, Morris F. 
Smith. Peter T.. Sohm. Carl W., Staidl. Stanlev A.. Tolnian. 
Mansfield, V'ellanti. Frank A.. Walbot, Ceo. J.. Westfall, Chas. 
B., Westlake, William, White, John, Wolfarth, Leonard G.. 
loxtheimer, Milo F. 

CIiASS so, FEBBUABY 1, 1319. 

Angell. Robert C. Barber. .I,).sepli K. Jr.. Bav, Jro. K., 
Beeland, Harry D., Brady, Paul T. Jr.. Brewer, Chas. Jr., 
Browning. Kenneth S., Bu lor Bernard B., Cahill. Frank W.. 
Canadav, Nicholas. Carson, Wi'llam H.. Carter. Joh t H. f'arv. 
John H., Clabaugh. Delwin B.. Connellv, John H.. Corbv.'Fratik 
S., Crouch. John C, Cusson. Samuel J.. Davies Frankli" C 
Davis Chester C, Divine, Harrv M.. Earle. Richard T.. Fair- 
child, Harold F.. Finkenstaedt. Robt I^.. Hasnev. W lliam .1.. 
Harmon, Gains E., Harris, Chas. R., Hill. John E.. Hooper. John 
W.. Hous-r, William D., Hunnicntl. Noble H.. Israel. Philip N., 
Keller. John H.. Kelley. Junions B.. Ligon. Walter J.. Love. 
James W.. Mallon. Walter B.. Manchester, Mitchell W.. 
Mayhew. Daniel W., Mitchell. William T.. Mever. Robert A., 
Nelson. Edward A.. Olsen. Olaf L.. Pope, Roger W., Rabold. 
Raphael F., Reed, Jno. H.. Rliotehamel. Jas. H.. R^chter, 
Hibbard J.. Snider. Herbert B., Spcer, William C. Stuart. 
Donald H., Sunderland. Dfan P.. Taylor. Hamilton D.. Tomlin- 
son, Clyde L.. Turner, William A . Vierhus Albert V., Warren, 
Arthur. Westcott. Hszekiah A.. Westervelt. Franc s R.. Wilson, 
Edwin H., Wise. Charles A. 

CIcASS 81, FEBBUABY 1, 1919. 
Bruegger, Robert D., Chappelear. Dana H., Cowee, 
Theodore H., Cummings. Cha.s. M.. I'^rver, Clavton G., Geddes, 
Donald P.. King. David J.. Lee, .\lfred N.', Logan. John A., 
McCarty. William E.. Ohrbeck. Joseph E.. Raisky. Hubert B., 
Shaw, Howard \V.. Stevens, Jlax F, Yost. Jacob V. 




{ ^^\<^^ 

a>'!oAss a </er/re fo be 
3) /i/Ces autahrs. 



Dear l'"i(ei)ti Hank: 

I reseeved the U-tter y:i rote TluuiUsgiviiiK ilay telliii 
about Sarahs' belli engaged lo Cal Rennet from up Kichmond 
way and I was glad to hear it because she ain't got no 
ejucashun and anyway a aviator like me can't be worrying 
about no wiiiien because he's got troubles enuff as it is and 
if she wants a feller like Cal, she can have him cause ever 
one nose that he ain't so much. Kver since he came back 
from the agorculcher school and started farmin his place 
the way he done, anyone wood no he was a darn fool. It's 
just a fool's luck that he wood make the farm pay with all 
the new fangled noshuns of his. Well, lu- can have her for 
all I care and I wont shed no tears. 

If I evar come back tho. Hank, in my new uniform \vith 
wings which I'll get after I get my R.M.A. test, and boot.s 
she'll forgit that poor fish and want to take up where we 
left off alright but I'll tell her to go to him 'cause I don't 
want her. I suppose it'll break her hart but it's ni> fault of 
mine if she fell for a slacker like liirn wlu-n I went off to 
join Uncle Sam's fitin forces. 

I wish I cood be there for Xmas, Hank, hut 1 guess 
we can't make it. Today the instructor sed that ya can't tell 
when Jermany'II bust loose agin and the Government was 
plannin and expectin big things from the new hunch a 
aviators that's lurnin now and coodn't aford to spare any 
of us now and if we went home we'd probably want to sta.\ ; 
he sed that all a Jerman ace had to do was wach us fly 
and he'd get so dizzie he'd fall or if he didn't he'd probably 
choke frum his hart bein in his mouth an loze control 
of his ship. He ment that thaid be so scared, I guess. Well, 
Hank, you see how it is and a sticker like me aint goin t» 
disapoint old Unkle Sam even if he has to miss Xmas with 
the folks. Duty first. Hank, and pleashure after. 

San Tone is quarentined agin acount a tha Plu and \v.' 
miss the picher shows an the dances but we can still 
promenade tha ladies on tha mezaneen floors of tha Hotels 
and give the girls a treet. Gosh. Hank, the wimin all fall 
for a aviator somthin awful and ya mite let that one drop 
cazul like to Sarah and wach the effect but maybe ya hadn't 
better either or she might come down hear or else coldn't 
forgit as it's easy for me to do. 

Ya sed ya'd like to here 1st. hand about what we're 
doin hear so I'll sort a outline for yon what we do an ya 
can reed between tha lines like. I'll givr you tha .sililnis if 
ya no what that is an you can fill it in. 

When we first come hear we didn't have anything 
much but fateeg, bunk and outdoors, an a little close order 
drill but couise that was easy because a man that's been 
in the army as long as me an a couple of others that trans- 
fured from tha old 21st. can Gold Brick, thru anything. 
Anyway we got drilled by sum Medical Officer or sumone 
who never had a chance to drill a company and wanted to 
before he went home, an anyone nose thet a man that has 
never bin in the army an nose only whut he's hurd from 
some of the regulars that's around don't no if a movement 
is bein done right or not so we was sorrie when they took 
us off an put us in schul; right hear I want to say that they 
arc makin a big mistake 'cause we get the same things wc 
got in the Grounded Schul and there aint any use takin the 
.same things twice, is there. And there's Masheen guns and 
airiplanes and enguns that we tare down and put together 
an fix — we don't tare down the airiplains tho, we just put 
Ihem together, some Kewee has torn her apart; and the 
Sargants that teech us ,ire hard boiled an wont let a feller 
sleep, well we got only 73 hours more classes an that helps. 
We fly. Hank, in the morning 'cause the air isn't so bumpy 
as it is in the afternoons and the instructors are all grouchier 
then, two; that's part of their job, bein grouches. I got wun 
that's got his job sinched. I'll tell ya later why. 

At 5:45 every morning but Sunday we got to get up 
for revaly just to remind some of em there still in the army. 
The guy that figured out Revily'll never have any luck an 
no one with any sensu'd no therees nuthin to git up for In 
tha middle of tha nite. Theres a lot a things that no one 
can firgure out they do in tha army. 

The chow. Hank, is tha best that tha army gits but I 
didn't say anything about tha coffy, 1 couldn't tell ya whut 
we thot a that 'cause yur folks might want to read this 
letter and ya couldn't show it to um. Then after everybody 
has dug his elbows into tha other fellers ribs and kicked 

his shins as much as he deared to he eats tha hoi cakes lie'i- 
l)i-eii holdin under tha table 'cause he's got a grudge againsi 
tha fellers at other end of tha board an don't want to .see iini 
get anything. 

We go back to tha bunk house to make up our bunks for 
inspecshun an dress uii for flyin which starts as soon as it'." 
lite enugh. There aint many of tha boys flying because 
if they was all on tha flyin list there wood be no one dis- 
apolnted, and that ain't tha army. Told ya before that we 
fly in tha mornin an ko to schul in tha afternoon an thin 
comes retreat at 5:l.''i w lu-ii the band comes over from Kfll>- 
No. 1 to play and I'll bet if it was'nt for tha band there 
woodn't be meny out 'c:iiise tha same part of tha Peace 
program that took Alscare-Loraine from .lerniany took, 
disaplin away from tha Cadets an ya no what disaplin meens 
to tha army; it's like water to ducks or fodder to steers. 
They got to have it. Curnel Moss in tha I.D.R. explaines it 
so's no one can read it, but ,\-a got to have it just tha same. 
After we stan<l retreet, that is, some of us stand 1 while some 
slouch like, we pass the Major in revyou and that is about 
all cood be sed, we just pass. The line is sposed to be strait 
but ya can't expect boy scouts to do that. We got a new 
K.O. now tho. Hank, and he's a old regular like me an a 
couple a others so we can expect soinethin better later on. 
After supper we can do anything we want to if we don't 
get caught. I've cut out a shootin craps for good so we go 
to the "Y" and play the phonagraf and sing songs. I under- 
stand from roomer that we are going to get a badge for 
forun duty an since we been sidjerin in Tixas I don't think 
it moren right. 

Lights go out at 9:30 but no one goes to bed because 
they wood lose there reputashuns as rounders an if they 
went to bed when they wus sposed to some a tha fellers that 
was in bed could sleep an no wun wants to give em thai 
much pleasure. The other nite one of tha new class got rite 
up in tha middle of tha bed about midnite an woke every- 
body up 'cause he wus a hollerin so; he wus a givin a leck- 
chure an he wus a sayin "Now pull back the cockin handle 
as far as tha cafcane struts but keep ya line a site on tha 
inierseeshun of tha diliiMlral an tha butt-tang-let tha crank 
pin sweep back sharply so that tha cartrige is furmly col 
by tha runnin splice-then adjust tha tappets to .010 an we 
have a jam because it can't be remadied by imejiate acsliun". 

Tha first day I went out to fly they stuck a instructor 
in tha ship to learn some a tha stuff 1 had lerned at tha 
grounded Schul. I guess, because I new how to fly long be- 
fore I left there. I'd remembered about seein that tha 
engun turned up 1400, inspect her all over, yell "thunh-lacks" 
or "Contact", hed her into tha wind and take off; hut this 
guy made me put on my belt an a lot o' fool things there ain't 
any use in, for he sed we'd take a little joy ride. I askeil 
him if he wanted me to take off an he sed "I had better 
'cause it is tha rainy seeson an as we go right over tha 
hangars we want to leave tha roofs on as tha ships might 
catch cold". Right then's when I'd ot to a gotten a new 
instructor 'cause I new we'd never get along if he wus as 
careful as that 'cause I'm a careless young feller Hank, and 
I like company. If I'd got Sweany I'd a been happier. Well. 
we took off and by tha time we got over tha road an bunk 
houses I was kind a glad he wus a hold a tha stick. Every- 
thing went to kind a fadin away an getting smaller an tha 
last time I looked tha lowers htoked like toad stools on th;i 

Well Hank, the Guy that invented Imallmans must have 
been a nut 'cause no one but a nut cood have thot of a fool 
thing like that. 1st. that nose went down a little, then tha 
darn thing reared rite up an things started; the ground, 
which was below us swung up over an if it wasn't for tha 
belt I'd a gone. Then we hung there for about ten minutes 
an finally she shot down an rited herselfe; I no the in- 
structor didn't have anything to do with her coming out 
cause he looked at me with a scared look as if to want me 
to salve him. He sed not to grab tha stick tha way I done 
cauze his wife wus lookin for him home for Xmas an he 
didn't want to disapoint her. I wish they wood put bigger 
belts in these ships. Hank, an make these fellers cut out tha 
stunts. Believe me no stunts for me unless I'm a doin them 
myself, and when I say a thing ya no I meeen it. 

When I felt her rite side up agin which proved what 
they sed at Grounded Schul, that if ya let em go they will 



come out themselves, I openeil my eyes an he sed he eoodn't 
make tha 5th. for me but wood I show him how. I sed nc. 
oauze I didn't feel well after tha toemain poisinin I haci 
tha day before an that maybe we'd better go back to tha 
field as sum of tha others mite want to ride an I didn't want 
to hog it all myself. 

But he sed that he new one that was good for th.^ 
toemain cauze it was a alin of tlia stomick an tlia brekfast 
I ate probably wasn't tha kind I shood have ate so he shut 
her off an kind o' stopt her in tha air an I begin to feel 
kinder better but tha nose went down agin Hank, (someday 
they'll bild 'em that aint nose hevy an then a feller'll be 
able to fly rite) but this time instead of tha ground goin ud 
above like it done before it only went up part way and the 
lake thats near here started chasln San Antone and Kelly 
No. 1 started chasln Kelly No. 2 up thru tha Inesceet an tha 
river started to wiggle like a snake an the hole darn bunch 
was racin around like the picturs at the "Y" when the filum 
breaks. The wind in tha wires is what makes me sick Hank, 
cauze it reminded me of tha storm we had that sumer at 
home when we lost all the calves that got cot under the 
shed and thinkin of the por little fellers is what done it. 

The last thing I remember plain is the tail of tha ship 
was wavin around like it was loose an was goin to come off 
an I don't now how times we went around but when the 
thing finaly got straitened out we was a flyin like we was 
drunk; up an down an sideways but it got thru pickin when 
it got over tha field an now I no why they got tha cross on" 
the field. I helped one of the fellows clean up the cockpit 
when I got down, then went an sat on the bench with the 
rest of the fellers until I got to fellin better. Since, I have 
gotten 10 ours Hank, an cood solo tomorrer if the darned in- 
structor wood let me. 

I was goin to quit but I hurd the instructor tell the 
fellers that I'd make a fine alator sum day as I had the feal 
of the ship same as he had the 1st. time he went up and so 
I'm goin to stick cauze Unkle Sam needs good aviateri. 
The other day there was a feller that was doin a solo come by 
a wavin the stick in his hand and everybody started running 
out to pick him up and the instructors called up the field 
to send the meat wagon and notify the hospital but he kept 
rite on goin around; When he came down he brot the stick 
down with him and it had a tag on it that read "To replace 
No. 243", the ship he was flyin. It was left in the cockpit 
an was only a extra won. Cours every one was glad it 
happened that way cauze you can't fly a ship without a 
stick no more than you can keep up your pants without 

Another feller broke his throttle on a ship and couldn't 
cut her off and he was goin around and every one was 
wunderin why he didn't come down and the instructor sed 
he'd broke her gun and why didn't he cut the switch, so ever 
one run out in the field pullin an pushin his left arm like 
they was cuttin tha switch. Everyl>ody was doin the same, 
even the telephone girls. But he, bein one of those bunk 
house aces, didn't have no brains to think with, an eoodn't 

catch on so he kept right on goin around and the Curnel wuz 
there and he sed a lot a cuss woords about him an got mad. 
I was standing back a him an sed "Ta must remember that 
.va was a Cadet wunce and maybe had little troubles like 
the feller in the ship, Curnel". He must have felt kind a 
ashamed cauze he got red in the face and walked away. The 
instructor asked what I sed and then sed the Curnel was only 
a Cadet at West Point in the old army days when the 
Soljers were all men and not boy scouts and maybe I hadn't 
better remind him of it any more cayze he was tryin to 
forget it. 

Well the gas finally give out and the feller in the ship 
maid a 3 point landing on the two wing tips an the noze. 
He unfastened his belt and was so exsighted he undid it 
frum the frame insted of the buckle, but he had only nocked 
out his wind when he landed on his neck. Another feller 
landed an bounct in the air 18 times an they just give him 
credit for 18 landings an 18 tail low take offs. 

Gosh, Hank, it's a lot of fun to sit on the bench with the 
other aviators an lissen to the yarns the instructors spins. 
Even if they didn't have nothin but pushers in those days 
they deserve lots of credit for bein able to fly the little 
they no how. Well, It'll only be a matter of time till they'll 
have to leeve cauze the young fellers that's flyin now'll crowd 
en out. 

The country hear i.s ill flat. Hank, which makes Texas 
such a big State. It ain't no bigger than our State cauze if 
ours was rolled out it would be just as big, and outside the 
Buckhorn an tha .\ lamo there ain't no place of interest. Ive 
traveled a lot of the U.S. since I was in the Army, Hank, 
and I want to tell you the little old State where we has our 
mail sent is the best of em all. I'd like to fly up sum day an 
sircle around the old place like the buzzards used to do over 
the bottom, that'd sprize the folks woodn't it. Hank, and I 
can see Sarah and the rest of the girls crowd around to see 
who it was and I'd walk rite on by her and pay no atenshun 
to her at all, and I'll bet if old Cal came around then he 
woodn't be so much after all. Well Hank, a lot stranjer 
things have happened and the day of mirakles ain't over yet 
as my instructor sed the day we went into a tail-spin over 
the hangar an like to hit a ship on the line; he sed I shood 
be in the billard business becauze I cood furnish material 
to make all the balls and still have plenty left-meenin that 
I cood outfigger the feller that sells the balls cauze I got 
brains and he's got to admit it. 

He's a grouch anyway. Hank, as I t ild ya and that 
he wood hold his job cauze he's qualifide as he's got what a 
instructor needs. 

Give 'em all my love. Hank, and your sister Anny and 
tell 'em theres one hain't forgot 'em an thats your old P-ii, 


(A Bientoe, as the Frenchman says) 
P.S. If ya seen Sarah Just tell her where I am and that if 
she cares to she can drop me a line cauze a feller gits kim; 
a lonesome at that, Haidi, and a letter from most anywun 

A Cadet Parade 



Lieut. Wellington Arnold. Transportation Officer; Lieut. 
Jesse B. Ho«e. Aero Supply Officer; Lieut. J. Belmont Jiskra. 
Executive Officer; Cap. Bvron H. Mills. ConiinandinK Officer; 
Lieut. Mark H. Reilniaii. I'ost Adjutant; Capt. Robert V. 
Ciallaglier. Post Surgeon; Lieut, .lames R. Everall. Asst. 
Personnel Adjutant; Lieut. B. W. Boulware, Radio Suppl.v 

Officer; Lieut. Cecil E. Archer, C. O. SlTth D. A. S. Det.; Lieut. 
J. Harold Carroll. Camp Supply Officer; Lieut. Charles H. 
Thalmann, Police Officer; Lieut. George \V. Sawyer. Engineer 
Officer; Lieut. Arnold S. Morse. Asst. C. O. SlTth D. A. S. Det.; 
Lieut. Parker \' . Ahl. Personnel Adjutant; Lieut. Theodore W. 
Bisland. Asst. Personnel Adjutant. 



N MARCH 29, 1918. the War Department arranged 

with the University ol' Texas for the establishment 

I of a school at the university for the purpose of 

training Itadio Operators for the Air Service, Field 
Artillery, and Coast Artillery. The aim of this school was 
to train men as quickly as possible in the science of main- 
taining, constructing and operating radio apparatus of the 
Air Service, including the wireless telephone. 

Dr. S. L. Brown, of the University of Texas was selected 
as President of the Academic Board, and assembled a staff 
of civilian instructors to assist and co-operate with the 
commissioned and enlisted staff for the course prescribed 
by tlie War Department. 

The following .subjects were included in the curriculum; 
Elementary Electricity. Practical Kadio Operation. Buzztr 
Practice. Artillery Co-opi ration. Direction Finding and 
Wireless Telephony. Military drill and Discipline was also 
emphasized, to make soldiers as well as Kadio Operators 
of the students. Lieutenant C. H. Thallman was assigned 
as Senior military Instructor. 

In the beginning the consisted of twelve weeks 
of intensive tr'aining. in classes of approximately fifty men. 
Early in April Captain T. L. Bailey, who had been 
stationed at S. M. A. Austin Texas, was assigned as Com- 
mandant of the School. Other officers reported rapidly 
and when the first contingent of students arrived, the 
school was ready for operation. 

Brackenridge Hall on the University campus was taken 
over to be used as a barracks, and the Engineering building 
was used for classes and headquarters office. The men 
were fed in the cafeteria- of the university. The Athletic 
■Field was used as a drill and parade ground. 

During the summer the attendance was increased con- 
siderably and additional space for barracks was found in 
the Law Building. K. Hall was taken over for classes and 
the auditorium of the university in the main building was 
used also. The men's gymnasium was used for a buzzer 
practice laboratory. 

With the rapid increase in demand for trained radio 
men. the need was soon seen for the expansion of the 
school and plans were drawn up for the construction of a 
school and flying field to be situated near Austin. A site 

of 310 acres was finally chcsen. located about three miles 
South of Ihe city on St. Edward's Plateau. The location 
is ideal and the surrounding country favorable to flying. 

The plans called for buildings of a permanent type, 
consisting of an administration building, two school build- 
ings, mess hall, six barracks, ten hangars, a Y. M. C. A. hut 
and a hospital, estimated at a cost of $600,000. 

On August 2Tth work was started on the site and a 
large part of the Field was cleared of underbrush. The 
engineering work was under the direction of Prof. Edward 
C. H. Bantel of the University Faculty, 

It was decided to call the new location "Penn Field" 
in honor of the memory of an Austin boy, Eugene Doak 
Penn, an aviator ciidet who was killed in Italy near the 
town of Foggia on -May 20, 1918, while in training. 

During the summer months a band was organized un- 
der the direction of Lieutenant Hoffhaus. and from a smail 
beginning it expanded into one of the finest military hands 
in this part of the country. 

In Septetubcr the students of the school under the 
direction of one of the men talented along that line, staged 
one of the best minstrels ever seen in Austin at the local 
opera house. Three performances were given. It was a 
decided success and reflected great credit upon the school. 

Athletics were not forgotten and the coming of cooler 
weather witnessed the organization of a football team. 
Games were scheduled with the other army schools of the 
city and with the university team. 

On September 26. the Commandant. Captain T. L. 
Bailey, was promoted to the grade of .Major. 

On October 11. there appeared the first number of a 
weekly paper called "The Radio" published by the student 
body. This paper was a five column sheet of eight pages, 
and was full of live news about the school and the progress 
of the war. It was generally conceded to be a very 
creditable piece of work, and was eagerly read by all the 
friends of the school. The editor was Lieutenant E. B. 

About November the 1st the school was moved to Penn 
Field where construction was progressing rapidly. Suffi- 
cient buildings had been completed so that the proper 
quartering of men and continued instruction were possible. 


Lieutenant Ahl. Commanding Officer of the student de- 
tachment, then organized the student regiment. First 
Battalion, consisting of Air Service Men. was quartered in 
"A." Barracks under command of Lieutenant Conway. 
Second battalion, consisting of Field Artillery men. was 
Quartered in "B" barracks undfr command of Lieutenant 
Hunt. Third Battalion consisting of Coast Artillery Men, 
"D" Squadron, and a detachment of the SlTth Depot Aero 
Squadron under command of Lieutenant Everall. 

The entire student body consisted of about lOCO men 
and was growing rapidly when the armistice was signed. 
Orders were then received to cease all construction. The 
instructions of students however continued until about 
December 15th, 191S. 

On or about .January 1.5. Major Bailey received his dis- 
charge and was relieved by Captain B. H. Mills. Captain 
Mills prior to his assignment as Commandant of the school 
was chief organizer and inspector of Radio Schools with his 
headquarters at Washington. D. C. 

Lieutenant J. Belmont Jlskra, who was inspector of 
Radio equipment with headquarters at Washington, D. C... 
reported for duty shortly before the arrival of the new 
Commandant, and was appointed Post Adjutant. Upon 
arrival of the new Commandant. Lieut. Jiskra was relieved 
by Lieut. Redman and made Executive Officer. 

The Postoffice Department has already announced its 
intention of making Penn Field one of the stations on an 
aerial route between St. Louis and San Antonio, Texas. 

The present staff consists of sixteen officers- on duty 
at Penn Field, whose names and duties are as follows: 

Captain B. H. Mills, Commanding Officer: Lieut. J. Bel- 
mont .Jiskra. Executive Officer: Captain Robt. V. Gallagher. 
I^ost Surgeon: Lieut. Parker V. Ahl. Personnel Adjutant: Lieut. 
Morris Berman. Finance Officer; Lieut. Jesse B. Howe, Aero 
Supply Officer: Lieut. Chas. H. Thalmann. Police Officer: 
Lieut. Geo. W. Sawyer. Engineer Officer: Lieut. Wellington 
.\rnold. Transportation Officer: Lieut. Mark H. Redman, Po&t 
.Adjutant: Lieut. B. W. Boulware, Radio Supplv Officer: Lieut. 
Cecil E. Archer, C. O.. SlTth D. A. S. Det.; Lieut. Arnold S. 
Morse. Asst C. O.. SlTth D. A. S. Det.: Lieut. J Harold Carroll. 
Camp Supply Officer. 


WHY isnY the 


'«t)out the 3rd day in Tr>e FLU WUrd 



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Gunnery Ship 



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1 70/ -1 728 


THE shrine: or texas liberty 


(1) 18.00U feet from home 

(2) Climbliiii 

(3) °lakiii:i off 



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Ue Iliiv!liiii<ls at Kelly 


O. I. C. Photo Hui 

/.«•«/. T. E. LOKEY 

Capl. W. H. MARK 

Cciplam WILLIAM H. MARR, A. S. M. A. 

Captain Marr was commissioned Captain, Field 
Artillery, at 2nd Training Camp, Fort Benjamin 
Harrison, and assifjned to Artillery at C'amp 
Travis. Texas He was transferred to Kelly Field 
on December 29, 1917, and assigned to First 
Divisional Recruit Regiment. Was instrumental 
in the organization of the Trades and Recruit 
Divisions, and then assigned as Section Com- 
mander in Trades Division Personnel Adjutant 
of Trades Dtvision, First Training Brigade. 
Later Assistant Personnel Adjutant in charge of 
organizing units. Post Headquartars. On detached 
service from Kelly Field on recruiting for Air 
Service in C'-*veland and Detroit, and reported 
hack to Kelly Field in November, 1918 for flying 
instructions. At present taking flying instructions 

Lieul. T. E. LOKEY 

Enlisted in the service August, 1417 and at 
Kelly Field several months. Commissioned at 
the Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, on 
March 8th. 1918, and ordered to Wilbur Wright 
Field, Dayton, Ohio. Therein Command of the 
258th Squadron until they w-ent over seas in 
August, 1918. Relieved and ordered to Wash- 
ington, D. C. where remained until ordered to 
report to Kelly Field January 24th, 1919. Now 
Adjutant of Squadron "H." 

c;,;/./. S. E. MITCHELL. 

Flying Dcp't. Hospital 

l.uul. CARL E. NEWMAN, 
Former Ass't. Adjt. Flying Dept, 



/ A ^ / 






Upper left — Three ship formation flown at Review for 
i'"loiiil Quiickenbush and Colonel J. E. Fechet. This was a 
very close "V" formation, the machines being only about five 
feet apart, with wings overlapping. Led b.v Lieut. Edwin 
Burge. with Lieut. V. J. Meloy and Lieut G. A. Cary flying 
tile other positions. 

IaOv&x ri^ht — Seven ship "V" formation flown on same 
occasion. (ine of the best large formations ever flown at 
this Field under adverse flying conditions. Led by Lieut. 
E. Burge. with pilots: Lieuts. V. J. Meloy. G. A. Cary. M. I'. 
Smith. Lieut. Chickester. Capt. Kenyon. and Cadet Jahelman. 

I^ower left— Seven ship bombing formation flown for 
the Review. Led by Edward Stinson and flown by student 
officers on the old Advance Cross^-Country Stage. 





number' BOCHE" 



WHITE. ONE roH tflCM , 





Fo« LOMc- seovice 

PflLe >euLovy srniPES 
one FOR encM 


flCH fcTno."OVER-HERC'\; 

/I Common -Sight In Large Cities These Day5 — /Ind— IheieSeen In KellyField, 


HIGH »^o Low 



'k\A^ .,.,.„.,.,. ,...^_-r^-.....;' ■;■..■--■-. - -. -. -^x-"^ 

r -.^- ^ Of^ SUMMER >^%;-' ^^'^■' 

YOU 6 0T«LL YORt CLO'se ON , fl «0I yrtfER 






Klyliiii Drp'l. ItiiNpliiill Si|iiu<l, l!)l!l 

■SBEN arVMusT/fWY STREET coKti^fi 

- ^Sisp^'^-' '''^^-'--'J^ 



Executive Officer 

A Kelly Field "Ace" 

0^ r^ 

111 M 'O 

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Made by Kelly Field Flying Officers; in the interests of 
the Victory Loan, in April and May, 1919. and coverins the 
following States: Lonisiana. Mississippi. Arkansas 
Tennessee. Missouri. lUinoi.s. Wisconsin. Minnesota. North 
Dakota, South Dakota. Iowa. Nebraska. Kansas and Okla- 
homa. Fifty enlisted men. who have seen active overseas 
duty and who have been decorated, are accompanying the 

flyers. All of the flyers are from Kelly and each one has 
had at least 700 hours of tlyin.s?. Major Stratemeyer is ir 
command, and Lieutenant Phillips is Advance Publicity 

A "show" will be staged each afternoon in the different 
towns visited. This will therefore be the first "flying 
circus" ever staged. H German aeroplanes. 5 French 
"spads," 4 Curtis planes, and 4 Scouts will be flown. 




Photos by Powrll 
1. Sergeant Floyd T. OwiNGS. 2. Sergeant LouiS S. Wylie. 3. Chauffieur Geo. C. RhODERICK, Jr. 

Seanl A. A. McGahy, Staff Photographer. 5. Private G. O. Queen. 6. Sergeant Hrank B. Hart. 7. Lieutenant H. D. Kkoll. 

8. Sergeant C. G. Brand 9. Sergeant R. H. Colmyer, Jr. 





Southern jMacaroni Co. 


Manufacturers of 

CAPITAL Macaroni 
CROWN Vermicelli 
BUFFALO Vermicelli 

E. p. WIL.MOT, President W. B. CHEW. Vice President 


1 ri i\ 




Ask your (jrocer for 
Southern Pure Egg Noodles 


W. L. STARK. Manaler 

Phone Crockett 6548 




(United States Depository) 

With Total Resources Over $5,750,000.00 

Is appreciative of the patronage of .Army People and will be glad of the 
opportunity of serving you 



YOU ARE INVITED TO VISIT US-Come and 5« how Coca-Cola is put up for 
your enjoyment. See the bottles cleansed and sterilized before filhng-see the "almost 
human bottling machlnery"--see how spick and span and clean everything is. u will 
enable you to understand why every bottle of Coca-Cola is so delicious and refreshing 

PHONES: Crockett 455, Travis 1198 


424 E. Commerce St. San Antonio, Texas 



The Factor of Sa/cly in Aeroplanes is 10-14 
The Factor of Safely in Pneumalic Tires is 10' 1 4 

The modem aeroplane has mastered 
the air. It not only flies, but it flies 
safely. Science and material have ex- 
emplified speed and power in a ma- 
chine which for strength, according 
to its weight, is a w^onderful demon- 
stration of man's mechanical genius. 

In landing, and diving from altitude at great 
speed, the aeroplane is subjected to terrific air 
pressure — so great, that the marginal factor of 
safety is approximately that of the pneumatic 
tire 10-14. 

Both are subject to great air pressure. The aero- 
plane through speed, the pneumatic tire through 


We should appreciate this factor of safety 10-14 
in the pneumatic tire which places it on a par 
with the most daring and original machine yet 
invented for human transportation. 


65^ to M.25 





lh.-jlflh.^<Wli.,.>Ml...iUL-..UK. ^i iC^.JIk. ..Ilh. ...HI. 

yt^"^ ,,^^,''v^„'v. 

b...ftiT^iibT.iilw.»ii«h^Ml7;i(iCiHh,,j^ ,f J 

Pure Goodness 

Samoset Chocolates are delicious 
enough for the most fastidious connois- 
seur, and pure and wholesome enough 
for the smallest child. Instead of feel- 
ing that any simple candy is good enough 
for the children, realize that none can be 
too pure and fine. Give them Samoset 
Chocolates within reasonable amounts 
and you will be delighted with healthful, 
nutritious results. 

Chocolates <^{ 


For all occasions serve- 


Pleasing, appetizing and satisfying. 

Economical— let us tell you how to serve this delicious 
drink at your next reception. 

In bottles and at fountains Everywhere. 


San Antonio, Texas 

Phone Cr. 8349 



Butter Krust and Big Dandy 





The Drink That Satisfies 

The history of Kelly Field and the great world war would 
not be complete without LA P E R L A , the drink that 

This delightful beverage was the favorite of all 
Army Men and especially in Kelly Field 

Wherever you are remember to ask for L A PERLA 
— sold everywhere in Texas and other States at all places 
of refreshment. 

Made and bottled by 





Specialists in Lar^e Bank and Court House Jobs 



ManufaclurinjS Stationers -:- Blank Book Manufacturers -:- Lithographers 
Copper Plate Kn)<rave's -:• Steel Die Emho>sers -:- Printers -:- Office Furniture 
Art Metal Safes -:- Desks and Chairs -:- Steel Desks -:- Wood Filing Cabinets 
Steel Filing Cahinets -:- Bank Outfitters -:- We make the Best Blank Books in Texas 

Manufacturers of Legal Blanks and all Courl House Forms 


The Original 
Mexican Restaurant 


1 15-1 17-1 19 Losoya Si. 
San Antonio, Texas 




Here you will see one of the , 
greatest collections of Native 
and Foreign Horns in the World 


made from the Rattles ofRattle- 
snakes which represent thou- 
ands of snakes. 

Conveniently Located for 
Army Men 







The largest Aviation field in the World — (Fifty-two inches long) 


Reduced copies of these Photographs can be found on rages of this Book made by 


310 1-2 W. Commerce St. 
San Antonio, Texas 

The Largest and Best Picture Ever Sold FOR ONE DOLLAR 

Panoramic view of Kelly Field No. 1 $ 1 .00 

Panoramic view of Second Training Brigade 1.00 

Panoramic view of Kellj Field No. 2 with about 

200 airplanes lined up on the field 1 .00 

Photo of Airplanes spelling KELLY 0.75 

Photo of a HUMAN AIRPLANE formed by 

3500 Officers and enlisted men of Kelly 1.00 

Small sizes 8x10 prints 0.50 

Be sure to state which photo you want and enclose money order 

Japanese liestaiiraiit 



i:n Soledad St. 

San Antonio, Texas 


Engraving Co. 

3rd Floor, Calcasieu Building 
San Anto/iio, Te.vas 

Engravers - - Designers 



EDWARD J. JENNER. Prcs. and Trcaj. 

J V JUDSON. V'ice-Pres. 

P. H. WOLF. Vict-Pres. 

H. 1.. 1.1ECK. SectV. 

auas) mii^.. 

829 S. Flores St. 


Bell. Crockett 7580 



Manufacturers of Staple and Fanc\) Candies 
Chocolates and Fancy Pacl^age Goods 

I c and 5c Specialties and Pure Sugar Stick Candy 

Bottled Soda Water 

Assorted Flavors and Specialties 

Bottlers and Soda Fountain Supplies 



The Safe Milk Baby 


Live Better - - Spend Less 

The U. S. Government says 
it is the Best Food we have 

There is assurance of Extreme 
Care and Quality in the Name 

Creamery Dairy Co. 

Our perfectly Pasteurized Milk 
is Pure and Rich .... 





The Most Satisfactory Paper 
T)rinJ^ing Cup — 
Sanitary and Beautiful 

San Antonio Paper Co 


Largest KodaJ^ finishers in the World! ! 





Our Products 

have been highly satisfactory 

to all Kelly Fielders of the past. 

We will please you in the future. 



Ice Cream Company 

San Antonio, Texas 



Los Angeles 
This book is DUE on the last date stamped below. 

Form L9-50m-9,'60(B3610s4)444 

■:roll - 

K2 K9 

D 000 324 449