Skip to main content

Full text of "Kennedy family"

See other formats






3 1833 03109 2932 




Arms : Argent on a chevron gules between three cross 
cross^ets fitchee sable all within a double tressure flory 
counterfiory of the second. 

Crest: A dolphin naiant proper. 

Supporters : Two swans proper beaked and mcm- 
bered gules. 

blotto : Avise la fin. 

The follow^ing history has been taken from the His- 
torical and Genealogical Account of the Principal Fami- 
lies of the Name of Kennedy, from an Original }.Ianu- 
script, by Robert Pitcairn, writer of His ^lajesty's Sig- 
net, F. S. S. A., and the Honorable F. S. A. Perth, &c., 
published in Edinburgh, by William Tait and John Stev- 
enson, and in London, by Longman and Company. Re- 
garding it, the author, Pitcairn, makes the following 
statement : ''This account is appended to an Anony- 
mous MS., 'Chronicle of Scottish Affairs,' from the ear- 
liest period of King James Yl, which is preserved in the 
Library of the Faculty of Advocates, Edinburgh." 

The origin of the name of Kennedy is from the Celtic 
"Ceaunathigue," meaning the head of a sept or clan. 
The Gallic or Celtic words are Kean-na-ty, the head of a 
house of chief of a clan. The Kennedys are originally 
believed to be of Carrick. At all events, previous to the 
year 1256 (the date of his death), Neil, Earl of Carrick, 
granted a charter in favor of Roland of Carrick, who is 
proved to be the ancestor of the Kennedys, granting and 
confirming to him and to his heirs forever to be the head 


or chief of his race, "ut ipse et heredes fui sint caput 
progenisi Suae," which grant was confirmed by King 
Alexander III, January 20, 1275-6, and ratified by Rob- 
ert II, October 1, 1372. (Reg. Mag. Sig., 114, 115, 116.) 
As the family ever after this grant bore the name of 
Kennedy (the head of the house or family), it is prob- 
able that this surname was adopted by it in commemora- 
tion of this circumstance. (See Crawford and Wood's 

'^Seing that thair is sum noittis, for memory, heirefter 
to follow, off the name of Kennedy, I thocht it gude to 
conteyne heir thair beginning and how they rease to be 
gritt, and soe furthe to this hour. 

''And first, concerning thair name: it is, out of all dout, 
the same proceidit fra then nem Kennethe ; for of that 
nemme thair was sundry Kyngis and also sum very fynd 
Capitanis. For by the thrie Kingis that had to thair name 
Kennethe, thair was ane Kennethe Thaine of Carrik, 
quha was ane of King Gregories Capitanis in his weir in 
the land, be quhais skill of rowing doun of Stanes from 
ane hiche hill, he vanne ane gritt battell of King Gregorie. 
And of this Captane the Kennedyes sayis thai had thair 
beginning Bot the Blak Bulk of Skoyne settis thair begin- 
ning to be in the ring of King Malcome the Secund. 

(Without the aid of the Glossary, this narrative would 
be hard to understand, therefore what follows will be 
written in English, retaining the quaint phraseology and 
spelling whenever possible.) 

"The Black Book of Skoyne, which sets their beginning 
to be in the reign of King Malcome the Second, who was 
crowned in the year of God 1010, and was the four- 
score King of Scotland. There was with this King one 

in Wallace Book, was hanged in air by the deceit of the 
English ; but because that Cronikill makes mention there- 
of, I rest thereon. But the heirs of this Sir Neil held the 
lands of Cassillis till the reign of Robert the Second, the 
first of the Stewarts, at the which time the lands fell to a 
lass ; and the Laird of Dalrumpill, her neighbor, came to 
her house of Cassillis, and pursued her by force to have 
her in marriage ; the which she would not consent to but 
defended her house. And at this time, the Laird of Don- 
our that then was, he coming by, and seeing the dame, 
set upon the Laird of Dalrumpill and slew him, and re- 
leased the lady and took her with him to his house of 
Donour ; where, under promise of marriage, he made her 
surrender her lands that w^re in the King's hands to him ; 
but I cannot read that ever he married her to his wife. 
But she seeing herself disappointed by that deed, took 
displeasure and died shortly thereafter. This was about 
the third year of Robert the Second, which was the 
1373 year of God. 

"Now the Laird of Dalrumpill being slane as ye have 
heard, his lands fell to his brother's sons, amongst the 
which there was great strife: but the youngest at last 
sold his right to the Laird of Donour. and then the Laird 
of Donour sett for the Eldest and slew him, a little above 
the Kirk of Dalrumpill where now there is a great cairne 
(pile or heap), of stone to this day. And so by that 
right he had of the youngest, he took the lands of Dal- 
rumpill, and thus was Dalrumpill acquired. 

'*Now at this time, there was a Laird in Carrick who 
was called Macktaise. The Laird of Donour made this 
Macktaise his Gossop (Godfather), and the bairne be- 
ine a man-child, this Macktaise would needs have him 
to be his foster son ; and in the end, by wanting children 

McKenane of the Yllis that was slain by the Danes at 
the Battle of Murlaik, and by him come the McKenane 
of the Yllis who enjoy the lands Stroworddell to this 
hour. This McKenane and his race or posterity were 
at the time of King Donnallis' reign, when the Danes got 
possession of the whole Yllis. banished by them to Ire- 
land where they remained till the reign of Alexander the 
Third. He then came to King Alexander before the Bat- 
tle of Larkis with three score of his name and his serv- 
ants ; and after that King Acho was defeated, he fled to 
Air and there took shipping. The principal man that 
pursued him was McKenane with his sons ; and after that 
the King of the Danes was received in the Castle of Air. 
McKenane followed one Lord or great Captaine of the 
Danes to a Craig in Carrick, whereon there was a strong- 
hold McKenane and his sons took, and slew this Captaine 
and all who were therein. For the which deed this Mc- 
Kenane got the same stronghold from King Alexander, 
with certain lands thereto; the which he gave to his sec- 
ond son. And this was the first beginning of the name 
of Kennedy in the Mainland. On the stronghold and 
craig there is now a fair castle, which the Chief of the 
Lowland Kennedys took their stile of for long space and 
were called Lairds of Donour, because of the Don of the 
hill above the House. Of this house the rest of that name 
are come. This battle was fought on the third day of 
August the year of God 1263. 

"The House of Donour, of Dunnurc. 
''This house remained a long time but in sober estate, 
not having any great rent nor power in the country. For 
we hear no great mention made of them in Wallis days, 
nor the Bruce's time. For at the Barnis of Air the Laird 
of Cassillis was Sir Neil Montgomery, who, as we read 

of his own, made his foster son his heir and gave him his 
lands after him. And of this son came the House of 
Bargany which had no benefit of the House of Donour. 
"The House of Blaquhan, or Blairquhan. 

"It is thought that the House of Blaquhan came of the 
House of Donour at this time; and got from the Laird, 
his father, the twenty pound land of Donourtoune, which 
they had off the House to this hour. But their prefer- 
ment came by the marriage of one McColloche who was 
here-triy of Twymone; by the which they gat the lands 
of Cronstoune and many more lands in Galloway. 
"The House of Bargany. 

"The House of Bargany came to their preferment by 
the valor of the second brother, who was first put to have 
been a Friar; but his courage not agreeable to this of- 
fice, lost the same, and went with the Laird of Blaquhane 
to France, to Charles the VH, in the year of our Lord, 
1431. He was called Friar Hew (Hugh), and was for 
his valor so beloved by the King of France that he re- 
mained with him many years thereafter, and went with 
him to the Holy Land. And at his returning, he received 
word that his brother, the Laird of Bargany, was dead. 
Whereupon he took leave of the King of France, and got 
in recompense of his service, many great rewards of 
gold and money. And above all, he gave him leave to 
wear arms quarterly in his arms, to wit, flour-de-lyse, 
which that house wears to this day. He came to Scot- 
land, and bought the ten pound land of Arstensar, and 
built the house thereof, and acquired many more lands, 
by the benefit of the stypend of the King of France. This 
Friar Hewis (Hugh's) grandchild was called 'Com with 
the penny,' who acquired the greatest part of all the liv- 
ing, which now is a great rent, and has of it come the 

houses of Ardmillane, Dunneane, Bennane, Kirkhill, Bar- 

Sir Gilbert^-de-Carrick had issue, Sir John^ Kennedy 
of Dunure, whose son, Sir Gilbert^ Kennedy, was the next 
Laird of Donour. By his two wives he had seven sons. 
He was one of the hostages for the hberation of King 
David II, Anno Domini 1354. His first wife was Marion, 
daughter of Sir James Sandiland of Calder, by Eleanora, 
only daughter of Archibald Douglas of that Ilk, and 
relict of Alexander Bruce, Earl of Carrick, who was 
killed at the battle of Hallidon Hill, Anno Domini 1333. 
Her third husband was William Towers of Dairy; her 
fourth husband was Sir Duncan Wallace of Lundrum; 
her fifth husband was Sir Patrick Hepburn of Hales (See 
Wyntown II, 268). Sir Gilbert Kennedy had by her the 
following children : 

i Gilbert, who was disinherited by him and died 
in the French service without issue. 
1 ii Sir James, of Dunure, married Princess Alary, 
second daughter of King Robert III, and wid- 
ow of George Douglas, first Earl of Angus, 
iii Alexander, who was Alschunder Dalgour. 
iv Sir Hugh, of Ardstinchar, who accompanied 
the Scottish troops under the Earl of Buchan, 
and was distinguished at the battle of Bauge 
in Anjou, March 22, 1421, in being honored by 
the King of France with his armorial bearings. 
Azure, three fleurs de lis or. From him sprung 
the House of Bargany, Kirkhill, and Benning. 
These arms are still borne, quarterly with those 
of Kennedy, by descendants. By his wife, Ag- 
nes, daughter of Sir Robert Maxwell of Cald- 
erwood, he had three sons, John, Thomas, and 

David, who was one of the retinue of knights 
and esquires who attended Margaret of Scot- 
land into France on her marriage to the Dau- 
phin, Louis, Anno Domini 1436. 

1 Sir James- Kennedy (Sir Gilbert^) of Donour, 
had a charter of the barony of Dah-ymple, on his father's 
resignation, January 27, 1405-6, by which the old privi- 
lege is declaimed and ratified by the King as follows : 
■ yuod dictus Jacobus et hereaes sui mascuii smc caput 
totius progeniei suae, tam in Calumpniis quam in aliis 
articulis et negotiis ad Kynkynol pertinen. Va'entibus 
vnacum Officio Ballivi predictae terrae (Carrick) et 
hominum ipsius directione, ac cum armorum ostenta- 
tione, in omnibus, sub comite de Carrick, qui pro tem- 
pore fuerit." [Confirmed by King James II, August 
2, and November 21, 1450.] 

Sir James married Mary, daughter of King Robert 
III, and the widow of George Douglas, first Earl of An- 
gus. Sir James Kennedy was killed in a quarrel with 
his disinherited brother, Gilbert, during his father's life- 
time. He left two sons, 
2 i Gilbert, the first Lord Kennedy. 

ii James Kennedy, who was created Bishop of 
Dunkeld, 1438 ; made Postulate of St. Andrews, 
Anno Domini 1440, during his absence in Flor- 
ence with Pope Eugenius iv, who at that time 
bestowed upon him the Abbacy of Scone m 
commendam ; chosen one of the Regents of 
Scotland, during the minority of King James 
III; died May 10, 1466. This highly eminent 
and talented prelate, according to Buchanan, 
"surpassed all men in Scotland in point of au- 

thority; his prudence was held in the highest 
estimation, and he was lamented at his death as 
a publick parent." [See Buchanan's History of 
Scotland, Keith's History of the Bishops, Craw- 
ford's Lives of Officers of State, &c., Pinker- 
ton's History of Scotland, I, 347-254, and 
Wood's Peerage, I, 328.] 
But now to return to the House of Donour again. 
'There was one brother of the House, which was 
either the fourth or fifth brother. The eldest who was 
Laird being dead, the friends convened to take order who 
should be Tutor; But this brother, although the young- 
est, starts up and, drawing his sword, said, 'I am best 
and worthiest and I will be Tutor !' This brother was 
called Alschunder, and because he wore a dagger, which 
at that time was not common, he was called Alschunder 

"This Alschunder, or Allexander. fell in misliking with 
the Earl of Wigtone Douglasse, who was a very gritt 
manne, and had great power in all the country. This Doug- 
las was so much offended at him, because it was thought 
that he had been in a deadly feud against him at Glayn- 
naip, and in another against Lindsay, then Lard of 
Craigy, at the water of Done, both in one day, that the 
Earl promised to any that would bring this Alexander's 
head, they should have the forty mark land of Stewart- 
toune, in Cuninghamey the which words coming to Alex- 
ander's ears, he assembled a hundred horsemen, and on 
Yuill-day, in the morning, came to the town of Wigtone, 
about the time he knew the Earl would be at the morn- 
ing Mass, and having all his right to the said forty mark 
land put in form, came into the Church, and said, 'My 
Lord, you have promised this fourty mark land to any 

that would bring you my head, and I know there is none 
so meet as myself and therefore will desire your Lord- 
ship to do to me, as you would to any other.' 

"The Earl perceived, that, if he refused, the same 
would cost him his life; and therefore took the pen and 
subscribed the same. Alschunder thanked his Lordship, 
took his horse, lept on, and went his way. He and his 
heirs enjoyed the same at this time or at least to 1602 
year of God when the Earl John sold the same to the 
Laird of Langschaw. He got this in the fourth year of the 
reign of Robert the third which was about the year of 
God 1380. This Alexander, coming home to Donour, be- 
gan to grow proud, and it was feared he would disin- 
herit his brother's son, and also he began to be a tyrant 
above his friends. Whereupon they, meeting in Donour, 
took him in his bed, cast fedder bed above him, and 
smothered him, and there he died, leaving behind him 
but one bastard son, of whom the House of Kirkdall is 

"The spirit of the author's remark is that it was feared 
that this violent, bold-spirited man would have disin- 
herited his brother's son, i. e., that he would have usurped 
the inheritance of his nephew, lawful heir, and main- 
tained himself in possession by force." 

How far this story is founded on fact it would now 
be difficult to trace, but it is certain that the Earl of 
Wigton made a grant of the town Kyrkyntulach to Sir 
Gilbert Kennedy, knight, which was confirmed May 13, 
1372. [Reg. Mag. Sig. 104; Wood's Peerage, II, 630.] 

2 Gilbert^, Lord Kennedy (Sir James- Kennedy, 
Sir Gilbert^) was the first Lord Kennedy and the son of 
Sir James Kennedy and his wife, the Princess Mary, 

daughter of Robert III. He was made Lord by King 
James, and got the lands of Lachsuad and Meurig from 
the said King James, at the forfeiture of the Earl of 
Wigtoune, the which lands the House of Cassillis enjoys 
to this day. This Gilbert was the King's sister's son, 
who was made the first Lord Kennedy. From the 
numerous lands acquired by this Lord, and the Charters 
in his favor passing under the Great Seal, it would 
appear that he was possessed of great power and in- 
fluence. He was. Anno 14G0. appointed one of the 
Six Regents of Scotland, on the death of James H. 
He married Catherine, daughter of Herbert, first Lord 
Maxwell of Caerlaverock. The issue of this marriage 
was three sons and two daughters. 
3 i John, second Lord Kennedy. 

ii James, married Egidia Blair; half the barony 
of Glenstinchar was granted him, on his father's 
resignation. May 17, 1473. 
iii Walter, called brother of John, Lord Kennedy, 
in the Charter of the Earl of Angus, September 
25, 1498. 
iv Catherine, married to Alexander, second Lord 

V Mariot, married to Sir John Wallace of Craigie. 

3 John*, Lord Kennedy (Gilbert\ Lord Kennedy, 
Sir James", Sir Gilbert^) was the second Lord Kennedy. 
He married Elizabeth Montgomery, second daughter of 
Alexander, the first Lord Montgomery, by whom he had 
an only son, David, who became the third Lord Kennedy. 
He married, second, Elizabeth, second daughter of Sir 
Alexander Seton de Gordon, first Earl of Huntley (by 
his third wife, Elizabeth, eldest daughter of William, 

Lord Crichton, Chancellor of Scotland, whose posterity 
took the name of Gordon), and relict of Nicol, second 
Earl of Errol. She had a charter of the lands of Cassillis, 
dated July 12, 11:71. By this marriage there were three 
sons and two daughters. 

Children (by Elizabeth ^Montgomery) : 
1 i David, third Lord Kennedy. 
Children (by Elizabeth Seton de Gordon) : 

ii Alexander, ancestor of the Kennedys of Ger- 
vanmains and Barquhanny, who had charters 
of the lands of Garvane, &c., in Carrick, with 
the lands and Barony of Lessvalt. 
iii John, 
iv William. 

V Janet, one of the mistresses of King James IV, 
who granted a charter to her, for her lifetime, 
under the title of Lady Bothwell, of the Castle 
and Eorest of Dernway, &c., &c., in shire of 
Elgin, June 1, 1501 ; with this qualification : 
"Tamdiu remanserit abseque marito seu alio 
viro, cum Rege et suo condilecto filio Jacobo 
Stewart, in Castro Regis de Dernway, vel alibi 
pront Regiy placuerit et convenientius visum 
fuerit." This son was, the same year, created 
Earl of Moray. There is evidence of this 
lady having formed a similar connection with 
Archibald, Earl of Angus, commonly known 
by the name of Bell-the-Cat. At all events, 
confirmations of Charters exist in the public 
Records ; one of them to him and Janet, daugh- 
ter of John, Lord Kennedy, and the heirs-male 
procreated, or to be procreated, betwixt them., 
whom failing, to William Douglas, son of said 

Earl of the Barony of Bradewode, etc. This con- 
firmation was dated July 20, 1498. The other 
is a confirmation of a grant by the Earl to 
her of the Barony of Crawford-Lindsay, Sep- 
tember 25, 1498. Hume of Godscroft says 
that Archibald, Earl of Angus, was confined to 
the Island of Arran for taking Jean Kennedy, 
daughter of the Earl of Cassillis, out of Gal- 
loway, to whom the King bore affection — and 
to whom the Earl gave investment and seisin 
of the lands of Bothwell, though he never mar- 
ried her. 
vi Helen, married to Adam Boyd, of Penkill. 
This Lord appears frequently in the records 
of Parliament, as taking an active share in all 
public affairs. On October 16, 1488, he ob- 
tained a royal commission ''for stanching of 
theft, reff," etc., in Carrick, and on February 
15, 1489-90, he is held responsible for the King's 
Casualties, in Carrick, Leswalt, Monybrig, etc. 

4 David^, Lord Kennedy and First Earl of 
Cassillis (John*, Lord Kennedy, Gilbert^, Lord Kennedy 
Sir James-, Sir Gilbert^) was third Lord Kennedy, and 
first Earl of Cassillis. (Created Earl in 1509.) He mar- 
ried Anna Bothwick, eldest daughter of Lord John Bor- 
thwick. After the death of Anna Bothwick he married, for 
his second wife, Gregoria Boyde, daughter of Lord Boyde 
and grandchild to King James II, by whom he had no 
issue. This Earl David was slain at the battle of Flou- 
done in Anno 1513. 

Children (by Anna Bothwick) : 
5 i Gilbert, second Earl of CassilHs. 


William, Abbot of Crosregnall. 


James, Laird of Broinestoune. 


Thomas, Laird of Coiff; children: 
Helen; Christiane. 

Katherine ; 







5 Gilbert*^, Lord Kennedy and Second Earl of 
Cassillis (David^, Lord Kennedy, the first Earl, John*, 
Lord Kennedy, Gilbert^, Lord Kennedy, Sir James-, Sir 
Gilbert^) succeeded his father in the Earldom. He 
married Issobell Campbell, daughter of Colin Campbell, 
Earl of Argyll, and had seven sons and two daughters. 

"The Earl shamefully neglected his hostages who had 
been placed under the care of the Archbishop of York 
* * ^' Earl Gilbert was killed at the Pon of Prestick 
in Kyll, by Hew Campbell of Londoune, Sheriff e of 
Aire 28 December, in Anno 1527 and was buried at the 
Collegiate Church at Mayboll." 
Children : 
6 i Gilbert, "his eldest sonne succidit him.'' 

ii David, married Janet Kennedy, eldest daughter 
of Duncan Kennedv of Dalgabre. He was one 
of the hostages for his brother, the Earl, in 
England, 1543, who was one of the prisoners 
taken at the rout of Solway by Dacre and 
Musgrave, in November, 1542. Thomas Ken- 
nedy of Coif, and David and Thomas, his broth- 
ers, were hostages for his ransom, which was 
fixed at il,000. 
iii Quinton, Abbott of Crosregnall, "the learned 
and pious Churchman, who publicly disputed 

with John Knox on the subject of the Sacri- 
fice of the Mass for three days, at Maybole," 
After his death, in 1564, he is said to have been 
canonized. (See Tracts reprinted by the late 
Sir Alexander Boswell of Auchinleck; Knox's 
History, Irving's Lives, 1, 80; Appendix to 
Keith's Church History, etc.) 

iv Archibald. 

V Henry. 

vi James. 

vii Robert. 

viii Janet, married the Laird of Freuche and had 

ix Helen, married the Laird of Kilhilt and had 

6 Gilbert', Lord Kennedy and Third Earl of 
Cassillis (Gilbert^ the second Earl, David^ the first 
Earl, John*, Lord Kennedy, Gilbert^ Lord Kennedy, Sir 
James-, Sir Gilbert^) succeeded his father, in 1527, when 
he was in his thirteenth year. He married Sophia Ken- 
nedy, daughter of Alexander Kennedy, the Laird of 

Earl Gilbert was sent to France by Mary, Queen of 
Scotland, as an ambassador to conclude the marriage be- 
twixt her and Francis, the Dauphin of France, "who 
in his return home departed this mortal life at Deipe 
in France, not without suspicion of poison, 14 Novembus, 
in Anno 1558, he lays buried at the Collegiat Churche 
of Mayboll." [See Buchanan, lib. 16.] This nobleman 
appears to have been the most eminent and excellent 
of the early Earls of Cassillis. He was educated by George 
Buchanan, with whom he went abroad, who wrote the 

following epitaph of him: "Hie situs est Heros hnmili 
Gilbertus in urna Kennedus, antiquae nobilitatis honos : 
"Musarum martlsque decus, pacisque minister, 
*'Et columen patriae consiliumque suae 
"Parce hospes, lachrimis, et inanem comprime luctum ; 
"Non misere quisquam qui bene vixit obit." 
In November, 1542, he was one of the prisoners taken 
at the disastrous rout of Solway, and was committed 
to the charge of Cranmer, through whose means he was 
finally induced to espouse the reformed religion to which 
he had already been secretly attached by the instruction 
of Buchanan. Having procured hostages, he returned 
home next year and engaged, in the English interest, 
to promote the marriage between Queen Mary and Ed- 
ward, Prince of Wales, for which service he got a 
pension from Henry \^ni of 300 marks. The sureties 
were neglected and, early in the year 1545, he went to 
London and delivered himself to the King. 

He was succeeded in the Earldom by his eldest son. 
He had three sons and two daughters : 
Children : 
7 i Gilbert, fourth Earl of Cassillis. 
ii David, died as a child. 

iii Sir Thomas, Laird of Reiland, was knighted, 
iv Jeane, married Willam, Earl of Orknay. 
V Catharine, married Sir Patrick Vans of Barn- 
baroch and had issue. 

7 Gilbert^, Lord Kennedy and Fourth Earl of 
Cassillis (Gilbert', the third Earl, Gilbert^ the second 
Earl, David% the first Earl, Tohn\ Lord Kennedy, Gil- 
bert^, Lord Kennedy, Sir James-, Sir Gilbert^) succeeded 
his father. He married Margaret Layone, daughter of 

Patrick, Lord Glames, by whom he had issue, a son and a 
daughter, who both died in childhood. He then had two 
sons, John and Gilbert. Another account gives Hew 
(Hugh) as second son and says of him, "This Hew 
was married to the Laird of Carslandis' sister, who bore 
to him two laidis and one dochter and Hew died within 
twenty five years of age. He was a well conditioned 
man and had the love of all men." 

Another statement about LIugh is as follows : 

"Hew, Master of Cassillis, married Margaret, daughter 
of Uchtred Macdowall of Garthland, who, on the death 
of her husband, married, secondly, James, Lord Ochil- 

Mr. Wood, in his Peerage, mentions a third son, Gil- 
bert, Master of Cassillis, on the authority of Doctor 
Stewart, in his history of the Stewarts, page 121. This 
Earl Gilbert was one of the judges of Francis, Earl of 
Both well, who was convicted of the murder of Henry, 
Duke of Albany, the husband of Mary, Queen of Scot- 
land, and the father of James VI, King of Great Britain. 
This Earl Gilbert departed this mortal life at Edinburgh, 
December 14, 1516, and was entombed at MayboU. 

"Gilbert was a particular man, and a very greedy 
man, and cared naught how he got land, so that he could 
come by the same ; and for that cause he entered into an 
agreement with one Abbott of Glenlufe, concerning the 
Abacie, to take the same in fee ; but or he got the same 
performed, the Abbott died. And then he dealt with 
one monk of the same Abacie^ who counterfitt the 
Abbott's hand-writt, and all the whole convent, and got 
him counterfitt their names. And when he had gotten 
the same done, fearing that the monk would reveal it, 
he caused one Churl they caUd Carnachane, to kill him, 

and then for fear that Carnachane would reveal it, he 
got his uncle on his father's side. Hew of Bargany 
(Barquhouny) accuse this Carnachane of theft, and 
hang him in Corsragall. And so the lands of Glenluse 
was obtained." (See full account of the Roasting of 
the Abbott of Crossraguel in the notes of Ivanhoe.) 

''Now as concerning the Abbacye of Coisragall, this 
Earl Gilbert acquired the Abbacy in this form: There 
was an fader-broder of his, called Abbott Ouinteyne, a 
good man, and one that feared God, after the manner 
of his religione. He at the alteration of the religion 
My Lord dealt with the Abbott, and got the rent of the 
said Abbacy set to him, but this was refused by the next 
incoming Abbot ; and because the same was not confirmed 
by the King, the same was made null. And then the 
Abott, Allane Stewart, got the Abbacy; and this Abott 
had married the sister of Lady Barganyis ; and, for 
that reason, the Abott was with the Laird of Bargany, 
and followed his opinions in all his doing. My Lord 
of Cassillis perceiving the same, desired the Laird of 
Bargany, to induce the Abbott to confirm his right as 
given by Abbott Ouinteyne before. But the Laird could 
not get the Abbott to agree to come to him, that he 
might deal with him, in that, himself, with faithful prom- 
ises to use him well. Whereupon the Laird persuaded 
the Abbott, and sent him to Mayboll, to my Lord. At 
which coming, my Lord delt with him to ratify his right ; 
but could not get him moved thereto. Whereupon he 
took purpose to convey him to Donour and there to move 
him to do the same by violence. And when he found 
him obstinate, at last took him and bound him to a 
form, and set his bare legs to a great fire, and ex- 
tremely burnt him, that he was ever thereafter unable 

of his legs. The word of this coming abroad, the Laird 
desired my Lord to send him back the Abott; but my 
Lord gave answer, that he remained with him of his 
own win, and not by compulsion. But the truth coming 
to the Laird of Barganyis ear how he was used, he con- 
sulted with a man of his own, called David Kennedy 
Max^altone, who had been his page before; who took 
with him the number of ten or twelve of his master's 
servants, and in the night drew near the gate, within 
a chapell, which was at the draw end. And in the 
morning when the keepers were opening the gate, the 
draw and all being free, they issued out of the chapell, 
and forced open the gate, and so entered the house, and 
took them all prisoners that were there. But the day 
being bright, and this house in my Lord's bounds, they 
could not then carey itt with them, and therefore were 
forced to remain in the house, and send one away to 
the Laird, to show him what was proceeding, but or 
ever before he could get his force gathered together 
the Master and my Lord's brother entered about the 
house, with all my Lord's force, and enclosed the same, 
and entering in the afore said chapell, and thought to 
have pierced the wall, because the chapell was joined to 
the dungeone. But the Laird's men that were within. 
Cast great stones down from the battlement of the dun- 
geon and so brake the roof of the chapell, in such manner, 
that they were obliged to leave the same. And in their 
waygoing shot at them, and shot the master through the 
sholder. The Laird of Bargany, in this time had gathered 
his whole force ; and also a great part of Kyill and Cun- 
inghame came with him, that he was such a number, as 
the Master and my Lord's servants and friends were 
forced to retire, and suffer him to release his men, and 

take the Abbott, burnt as he was. to Air, home with him. 
And this moved a great feud between them, but in the 
end it was taken away by friends, Mr. David Lindsay 
of Leithe minister, being umpire ; and my Lord, the Laird 
and Abbott all agreitt. ]\Iy Lord gave the Abbott some 
money to live upon, which contentet him all his days ; and 
this was my Lord's conquest of Crosragall, which was but 
a bad form," 

In reference to the Abbacy of Crossraguel, which 
was the bone of contention in this barbarous affair, it 
is proper to say a few words. 

''Doctor Irving, in his learned and valuable life of 
George Buchanan, observes, that Mary, Queen of Scots 
was not insensible of his powerful claims upon the 
protection of his country. In the year 1564, she had re- 
warded his literary merits by conferring upon him the 
temporalities of Crossragwell x\bbay, which amounted 
in annual valuation to the sum of five hundred pounds, 
in Scottish currency. The Abbacy was at that time 
vacant by the decease of Quinton Kennedy, who was a 
man of learning, and the brother of Buchanan's former 
pupil, the Earl of Cassillis. And that about the period 
wdien Buchanan was appointed preceptor to the King, 
he seems to have entertained some apprehensions for his 
personal safety, as well as his pension, &c." (Irving's 
Life of Buchanan, Ed. 1817, pages 123, 168.) 

In his i\ppendix, Xo. V, and No. V^I, Doctor Irving 
has preserved copies of the documents from the Privy 
Seal Record, relative to Buchanan's pension, etc., to 
which the reader is referred. The following are Ex- 
tracts from the Acts of the Privy Council, October 16, 

"Master George Buchanan makes complaint that al- 

though the Temporalities of the Abbay had been given 
to him, Gilbert Earl of Cassillis had, since the death 
of the last Abbott, taken possession of said Abbay and 
would in no way deliver the same to Master George 
Buchanan * * ''' The Lords of Secret Council ordered 
the said Gilbert Earl of Cassillis to deliver the said Abbay 
and Place Corsragwell with its orchards, &c., to said 
Master George or any one in his name, within six days 
next after, under pain of rebellion. And if he fail, the 
said six days being bipast to put him to the home * * "^ 
Master Allane Stewart, friends of Captain James Stewart 
of Cardonal, by means of the Queen's corrupted court, 
obtained the Abbacies of Crosraguel. The said Earl, 
thinking himself greater than any King in these parts, 
determined to have the whole benifice. And because he 
could not find such securities as his insatiate appetite 
required, this shift was devised. Here follow the dread- 
ful account of the roasting of Master Allen Stewart, 
much more grusome in detail than the one herein re- 
corded." (See History of the Kennedys, by Robert 

The children of the fourth Earl of Cassillis were as 
follows : 

i A son, died in childhood. 

ii A daughter, died in childhood. 

iii John, fifth Earl of Cassillis, succeeded his 

father. He married Jean Fleming (daughter 

of Malcolm, Lord Fleming, and widow of 

• Thome Mettelane, Lord Thirlstane, Chancellor 

of Scotland, and mother of Jhone, Earl of 

Lauderdaill) , by whom he had no issue. He 

departed this life at London, England, and 

was brought home and interred at Mayboll in 

the year 1615, in the reign of James, King of 
Great Britain, Ireland, &c. He was succeeded 
by his nephew, John, the son of his brother, 
Gilbert Kennedy, 
iv Hugh. 
8 V Gilbert. 

8 Gilbert^ Kennedy (Gilbert^ Lord Kennedy and 
fourth Earl of Cassillis, Gilbert", the third Earl, Gilbert*^, 
the second Earl, David^, the first Earl, John*, Lord 
Kennedy, Gilbert^, Lord Kennedy, Sir James-, Sir Gil- 
bert^) was the son of the fourth Earl of Cassillis. His 
brother, John, the fifth Earl, dying without issue, was 
succeeded by his nephew^, John, the son of Gilbert^ Ken- 

Children : 

i John, the sixth Earl of Cassillis, and the ''eldest 
son of Gilbert Kennedy, who was second 
brother to John, the fifth Earl of Cassillis, 
succeeded his uncle who died without heirs 

gotten of his own body. He married Ham- 

iltoune, third daughter to Thomas, Earl of 
Haddingtoune, and had issue. He lives Earl 
of Cassillis in this present year of God 1628." 
The narrative from which the early history of 
the Kennedys has been obtained here termi- 
nates abruptly at the period of the public ac- 
cusation of Auchindrayne and his son of being 
guilty of the murder of the Laird of Dalrymple. 
In Elias Davidson Kennedy's "History of 
Descendants of William Kennedy and his wife, 
Mary, giving their chain of the Kennedys from 
Scotland to Ireland and thence to America," 

is the following: "John Kennedy, sixth Earl 
of Cassillis, was one of the three Scotch noble- 
men appointed to act as lay assessors to 
Westminster assembly in 16 13, but he never 
9 ii Gilbert. 

The following line of descent is to be found in Burke's 
Landed Gentry : 

King Robert Bruce of Scotland married Isabella, 
daughter of the Earl of Mar, and had Princess Margery 
Bruce, who married Walter, Lord High Steward (a 
qus Stewart and Stuart) of Scotland, and had, 

King Robert II, who had. 

King Robert III, who had. 

Princess Mary Stewart, who married Sir James Ken- 
nedy of Dunure, and had 

Gilbert, first Lord Kennedy, who married and had 
John, Lord Kennedy, who married and had D;avid, 
Lord Kennedy and first Earl of Cassillis, created 1509 
(ancestor of the Marquis of Ailsa, by his wife, Agnes, 
eldest daughter of William, Lord Bothwick). David 
had three sons, Gilbert, the second Earl, James, and 
Thomas of Coif. Gilbert, the second Earl of Cassillis, 
married and had Gilbert, the third Earl, who died in 
1558, Quinton, Abbot of Crossraguel, and other sons. 
Gilbert, the third Earl of Cassillis, married and had 
Gilbert, the fourth Earl, and Thomas of Culleau. Gil- 
bert, the fourth Earl of Cassillis, who died 1576, married 
and had John, the fifth Earl, who died in 1615, without 
issue, and was succeeded by his nephew, John, the sixth 
Earl, who died in 1668. His brother, Gilbert Kennedy, 
was the progenitor of two lines of Kennedys in America. 

9 Colonel Gilbert^^ Kennedy (Gilbert^ Gilbert^, 
Lord Kennedy and fourth Earl of Cassillis, Gilbert^, the 
third Earl, Gilbert^, the second Earl, David^, the first 
Earl, John"*, Lord Kennedy, Gilbert^, Lord Kennedy, Sir 
James-, Sir Gilbert^) served under Cromwell at the 
battle of ]\Iarston Moor. 

Children : 

10 i Thomas. 
37 ii Gilbert. 

10 Rev. Thomas^^ Kennedy (Gilbert^o, Gilbert^ 
Gilbert^, Lord Kennedy and fourth Earl of Cassillis, 
Gilbert^, the third Earl, Gilbert^, the second Earl, David^, 
the first Earl, John^, Lord Kennedy, Gilbert^, Lord Ken- 
nedy, Sir James-, Sir Gilbert^) of Donoughmore and 
Carlan, in Tyrone, Ireland, where he removed in 1642. 
The following baptismal record refers to him and is 
from Airs. Goodall's Memoir of her husband's residence 
and imprisonment at Armagh in Reid's History of the 
Presbyterian Church in Ireland : "Joseph, our third son 
was baptized by ]\Ir. Thomas Kennedy, minister of 
Dungannon, A. D., 1658-77." 

i Thomas, a Presbyterian minister. 

11 ii John, a Presbyterian minister. 

11 Rev. John^- Kennedy (Thomas^^, Gilbert^°, 
Gilbert^, Gilbert^, Lord Kennedy and fourth Earl of 
Cassilhs, Gilbert", the third Earl, Gilbert^, the second 
Earl, David^, the first Earl, John"*, Lord Kennedy, Gil- 
bert^, Lord Kennedy, Sir James-, Sir Gilbert^) of Newton 
Cunningham, County Donegal, Ireland, married Lilly 
. He died after 1786. 

Children (all born in Ireland) : 

i Andrew, born in 1747. He came to Pennsyl- 
vania some time previous to the Revolution. 
He was a man of property, which he used to 
aid the Government during the war. He owned 
an estate called Langhorn, in Bucks County, 
Pennsylvania, six miles from Kittany, which is 
in Armstrong County. This was afterward the 
home of his niece, Mrs. Joyce. He was a 
man of fashion and entertained lavishly. He 
bought, on March 18, 1795, for $30,000, the 
house on Market Street, Philadelphia, which 
had been used as a presidential mansion. It 
remained in possession of Andrew Kennedy 
and his heirs, until April, 1832. It is now 
526-530 Market Street. The stairway and two 
pier glasses from this house were removed to 
the house of Anthony Kennedy at Frank ford, 
Pennsylvania. These pier glasses were after- 
ward bought by Mr. Cadwallader of Philadel- 
phia. There was, for many years, a curious 
little box in the family of Andrew Kennedy, 
which had been used by the sons of the Rev. 
John Kennedy of Ireland to send Guineas to 
the old country to their parents. There is a 
tradition that the mother in Ireland was blind. 
Andrew Kennedy died in 1800, in Philadelphia, 
without issue. Plis will, dated December 20, 
1786, is to be found in Philadelphia, and has 
the following items : 

'T Andrew Kennedy of the City of Philadel- 
phia, Merchant, do make and ordain this My 
last Will and testament in manner and form 

following that is to say Imprimus I give and 
bequeathe to IMy Honored father and Mother, 
John and Lilly Kennedy and to my loving 
Sister Elizabeth Kennedy and Janet Rusk an 
annuity of twenty-five pounds sterling money 
of Great Britain to be remitted to them several- 
ly by My executors hereinafter mentioned, 
yearly and every year during the respective 
natural lives, and at the decease of either or 
any or all of them then My will is that the an- 
nuity above devised to him, her, or them, so 
deceased, shall thence forth be equally and 
annually divided among the children of my 
above two sisters, regard being had to the 
number of such children who shall be alive 
at every annual payment, and in case that any 
of the children of My said Sisters shall die 
without legal issue, before they arrive at the 
age of 21 * "^ "^ I give and bequeathe to my 
loving brother Anthony Kennedy * * * to be 
employed in commerce or otherwise at his dis- 
cretion until the beginning of the year 1793. 
The beginning of the year 1793 an inventory 
of My estate * '^ "^ and a division of the whole 
be then made between my said brother Anthony 
and my brother John Kennedy. He, My said 
brother Anthony, to have 2-3 and brother John 
1-3. And, in the Case of Anthony's death be- 
fore 1793, * * * be delivered unto My said 
brother John as soon as he shall arrive at the 
age of 21. 

Made this 20th day of December, 1786. 
Proved 21st day of April, 1800." 

Anthony, born in 1749 ; came to America ; died 
in 1828, in Frankford, Pennsylvania, without 
issue; the following names appear in his will, 
made March 15, 1828, and proved October 7, 

"Anthony Kennedy Joyce, son of my niece — 
Rebecca Joyce, till he is of Suitable age and 
qualified to enter the Theological Seminary at 
Princeton, Nevv^ Jersey. '^ * '^ Jane McCoy, 
in right of her Mother * '^ '^ John Kennedy, 
Andrew, Pendleton, and Anthony. '^ '^ ''' 
Niece, Nancy K. Risk [spelled Rusk in Andrew 
Kennedy's will] * * * Nephew, Anthony Ken- 
nelly Joyce, * ''' '^' then to his brothers Andrew 
Kennedy Joyce, '•' * '•' John Joyce whose edu- 
cation shall be under the care and direction of 
the Rev. Thomas I. Riggs & the same Nancy K. 
Risk ^ -!^ * If Anthony Joyce die in his mi- 
nority then the same shall go to his Sisters, 
Catharine Joyce and Jennet Joyce '^ '^ * Buck 
County, Pen: part of Langhorn Park whereon 
James Joyce & My Niece Rebecca his wife 
now reside, 6 miles from Kittaning in Elders 
District in Armstrong County * * * My Niece 
Jane or Jannett Risk (Anthony McCoy) * '•' * 
if Jannett die without heirs her property is to 
go to her Sister Rebecca Joyce * ■'■ * I give 
to my niece Lilly Colhoun wife of Benjamin C. 
Colhoun * * ^ [Her eldest son, John Calhoun, 
he excludes from any share in the estate] 
* * * My Niece Margaret Risk, My Nephew 
David Risk * * * ^q \)q p^j^j ^q j-^y Niece 
Nancy K. Risk * '^ * John Risk son of My 

Nephew David Risk. * "^^ ''•' Nephew Anthony 
McCoy ''' '^ * My Kinsman Anthony Kennedy 
Calhoun * "^ '^ Anthony Kennedy Joyce and An- 
drew Joyce Children of my Niece Rebecca 
Joyce ''' '•' '•' Anthony Kennedy Calhoun Son of 
My Niece Lilly Calhoun * * -^ My friend Rev. 
Thomas J. Riggs J\Iy nephew John Kennedy 
& Anthony Kennedy Calhoun." 

The following account of Anthony Kennedy 
is from the diary of his nephew, John Pendle- 
ton Kennedy, published in the Life of John P. 
Kennedy, by Tuckerman : 

''^ly uncle Anthony, an older brother of my 
father by some twenty years, paid off his 
debts. This uncle was a man of fortune and 
resided in the neighborhood of Philadelphia. 
Pie enabled my father to retain our little coun- 
try residence, known as Shrub Hill, where my 
father had built a small but comfortable house 
and which now became our only dwelling place. 
Anthony Kennedy w^as an old bachelor who 
had grown rusty from solitude. He lived near 
Frankford, in the neighborhood of Philadel- 
phia, in a large house; had a great deal of 
property in the City and out of it; collected 
his rents with all imaginable punctuality; 
looked at a penny on both sides before he 
parted with it, and grew to be, in his old age, 
a silent, unsociable, and apparently unsympa- 
thising man — the natural effect of solitary life. 
But he loved my father, paid many thousands 
for him, and left about seventy thousand dol- 
lars of his property to my father's children — 

that is to my three brothers and myself. 
When he died, in 1828, and left us these be- 
quests, my father was in debt in his business 
about twenty thousand dollars, sixteen thou- 
sand of it to John McKim; so we paid the 
whole amount off and left our parents very 

The following is a letter written by this 
nephew, John P. Kennedy, soon after his uncle 
Anthony's death: 

"Philadelphia, Oct. 18, 1828 
"* "^ "^ I have been too much engaged since 
I left you almost to write; my Uncle's estate 
having been left under the control of three 
executors, of whom I am the only counsellor, 
you may imagine the few days I have been 
here have not been idly spent. I can hardly 
tell you the value of what he has devised to 
myself and my brothers — property in town here 
worth perhaps forty thousand dollars & Heaven 
knows how much land in Maryland, Virginia 
& Penn: some of it about thirteen miles from 
Pittsburg — a rather troublesome inheritance 
and I apprehend, in my hands not worth much. 
I shall let it all be quiet to increase in value 
as the country grows, and support myself and 
family by my professional labors, seeking that 
darling of my hopes, renoun, in a course of 
assiduous application." 

This will of Anthony Kennedy is to be seen 
in the City Hall, Philadelphia. It covers pages, 
and his fortune seemed to be largely in lands 
in all parts of the country. 

John Kenxkdv 

12 iii John, born in 1769; came to America; married 
Nancy Clayton Pendleton of Virginia. 
iv Elizabeth, married Anthony McCoy of Pennsyl- 
vania; had issue. 
V Jannett, married David Rusk of Scotland; had 


12 JoHN^^ Kennedy (John^-, Thomas^\ Gil- 
bert^^, Gilbert^, Gilbert^, Lord Kennedy and fourth Earl 
of Cassillis, Gilbert^, the third Earl, Gilbert^, the second 
Earl, David^, the first Earl, John*, Lord Kennedy, Gil- 
bert^, Lord Kennedy, Sir James^, Sir Gilbert^) was born 
in Ireland, in 1769. He emigrated to America, and mar- 
ried Nancy Clayton Pendleton, of Virginia. (See Pendle- 
ton Family, No. 18.) He resided in Baltimore, Mary- 
land. The following account of him is taken from 
Tuckerman's Life of John P. Kennedy. 

"Some of the most successful merchants of Baltimore 
were of Scotch descent, although they came directly from 
the north of Ireland; and by their exertions and wealth 
the city became originally famed as a commercial port. 

''Among these emigrants was John Kennedy, the father 
of John P. Kennedy, who, after some years of prosperous 
activity, was unfortunate, but being generously aided by 
his elder brothers who resided in Philadelphia, was en- 
abled to maintain his family in comfort and give his 
children a good education. He married a daughter of 
Philip Pendleton of Berkeley County, Virginia. A minia- 
ture of this lady, taken two years after the period of her 
marriage, which occurred at the age of sixteen, exhibits 
a face of singular beauty, wherein gentleness and dig- 
nity combined to give the impression of rare womanly 
charm with unusual intelligence and force of character. 

She was evidently one of the recognized beauties of 
her day, and the announcement of her wedding in the i 
old county paper is accompanied with a quaint but glow- 
ing tribute to her attractions, after the chivalric style ; 
of the times. It is from the Potomac Guardian and 
Berkeley Advertiser, of Alonday, October 6th, 1794. ■, 
'Martinsburg, October 6th, 1794, i 

'Married last Thursday evening by Rev. Mr. Boyd, 
Mr. John Kennedy of Baltimore, Merchant, to the elegant 
and equally accomplished Miss Nancy Pendleton of this ^ 
town, a young lady j 

Tor whom art and nature kindly strove 

'To form an object for the love 

'Of a distinguished few. 

'How blest to gain the sparkling prize, 

'Bask in the radiance of those eyes, 

'Thy Sex's pride and envy too. 

'May all the joys of disint'ested love 

'(And such alone the Gods were wont t'approve), 

'May all the honour, sense — the bliss virtue can yield, 

'Mark every movement, every hour shield, 

'And when the mortal fleeting period's o'er 

'O May this happy pair attain the Elysian shore 

'Those regions fraught with every joy supreme 

'Where gold's not bliss, nor dignity a dream.' " 

John Kennedy died on February 17, 1836. His wife, 
Nancy Clayton (Pendleton) Kennedy, died on September 
13, 1854, in her seventy-sixth year. 

The following account is copied from the diary of 
John P. Kennedy, eldest son of John and Nancy Clayton 

Xaxcy Claytox (Pexdletox) Kexxkdy 

(Pendleton) Kennedy, in the Life of John P. Kennedy, 
by Tuckerman. 

" 'Aly Father, John Kennedy, born in Ireland in 1769, 
died in Virginia, in 1836, was an excellent man. He 
came from Ireland in the year 1785, was brought up to 
business as a merchant by my uncle Andrew, in Philadel- 
phia ; had a good estate left him by that gentleman — suc- 
ceeded well in trade in Baltimore, where he came about 
1792, married in 1791:. He was respected and loved by 
his townsmen, and was an upright, liberal, true-hearted 
man, who always did his duty and stood by his friends. 
He was involved in some unlucky speculations in 1804 by 
his partner, Air. Benjamin Cox, which resulted in bank- 
ruptcy in 1809. He struggled after this with industry 
to retrieve his fortune; tried business again, which, how- 
ever, brought him nothing more than a meagre support 
for his family. My mother had a small landed estate 
in \"irginia, which was, at last, our main reliance. * "^ * 
[Xext comes an account of his uncle, Anthony Kennedy, 
which will be quoted in the latter 's biography.] 

'' 'Aly Father was an excellent horseman, a brave man, 
and somewhat distinguished as a dragoon in the Volun- 
teers in the time of Ross's invasion of Washington and 
Baltimore. He was in both actions of that campaign, 
and did there, as everywhere he did, his duty. 

" 'In 1820 he removed, with my mother and my three 
brothers — for I stayed in Baltimore — to a farm of my 
mother's in Jefferson County, near Charlestown, in Vir- 
ginia. Jane McCoy, a niece of my father's, lived with 
them. When she died, which occurred about 1825, and 
my younger brothers grew up and set off to take care 
of themselves, my father and mother being left alone, 
sold ''Clayton," the farm they lived on, to my brother, 

Andrew, and removed to the "Bower," the residence of 
my mother's sister, Mrs. Dandridge, a gay, Hvely estab- 
Hshment, where they made a portion of the family by an 
arrangement much desired by my aunt ; and there my 
father died on the 17th of February, 1836 of a paralysis, 
being the third attack of this disease, originally produced, 
some years before, by a fatiguing journey on a hot 
summer's day, without protection from the sun. He 
was sixty-seven years old. He was a man of compact 
and vigorous frame with great capability to endure fa- 
tigue, his nature was kind and sociable, and full of trust 
in every one. He had a relish for humor, loved his 
friends, and had, as far as I know, no enemies. He was 
careless and liberal in money matters, and preserved 
that trait through all the period of his struggles to 
maintain his family. He was very fond of me, and 
proud of me for what little I had to make him proud, 
and never for one moment, allowed the straitness of his 
circumstances to interfere with the due progress of my 
education. Luckily he was ab^e to sustain my brothers 
and myself in the destiny he had allotted to us through- 
out. He was rich while I was a child, and when his 
affluence might have done me harm in the way of 
indulgence; and he was poor just at that period of my 
life when his wealth might have given me many advan- 
tages. Heaven's blessing on his memory ! There was 
nothing which he had which was not at my disposal if 
I needed it. 

"My mother was a Virginian. I ought to say is, for 
she is now (April 18, 1847) living in Martinsburg, in 
her father's house, in Berkeley County. Her father was 
Mr. Philip Pendleton — a lawyer, and something better — 
a most worthy and honorable gentleman. His brothers 

were Judge Henry Pendleton of South Carolina, who has 
given the name to one of the districts of that State; Na- 
thaniel Pendleton, the Aid de Camp of Greene in the 
War of the Revolution, and the second of Alexander 
Hamilton in that fatal duel with Burr — also Hamilton's 
executor. William Pendleton was another brother. How 
many more there were of them I do not know. But the 
family was full of good men and distinguished men, of 
whom Air. President Edmund Pendleton of the Court 
of Appeals of Virginia was chief. The connection is 
spread all over Virginia, reticulated, as Governor Barbour, 
who was one of them, would say. Wlien General Harrison 
was inaugurated in 1841, everybody was in Washington. 
There I met John S. Pendleton, — Jack, as we call him — 
the present member of Congress from Culpeper and 
lately minister or charge d'affaires at Chili. He pro- 
posed to me that we should get up a dinner of the fam- 
ily then happening to be in Washington. So we set 
about it and ordered a large table to be provided at 
Brown's. When we mustered our Company thirty-two 
gentlemen took their seats. Governor James Barbour 
presided. I remember among the company Edmund H. 
Pendleton of New York, former member of Congress 
from Duchess ; Green Pendleton, his brother, member of 
Congress from Cincinnati ; Jack, of Chili ; three sons of 
my uncle, Philip Pendleton ; Ned Hunter, and others. 
Mr. Clay came in after dinner and made us a speech with 
some laudation of the old President Pendleton, whom 
he knew when he (Clay) was a boy. But the country 
is full of Pendletons and their descendants. Amongst 
them is General Zachary Taylor, the hero of Buena 
Vista, and next President, I hope, and General Gaines, 
a pretty good specimen of the old stock. 

" 'My mother, Nancy Clayton Pendleton, was very 
beautiful when she was married. I have a miniature 
which proves this, independent of the traditions of the 
elders, which I often hear. She is an uncommonly good 
looking woman now, at seventy. She was married at 
seventeen, in Martinsburg, in the house which she now 
owns and dwells in. My father brought her to Balti- 
more, where she was greatly admired. The year of his 
marriage was that of the Whiskey Insurrection, and my 
father was the lieutenant in command of a Company of 
Volunteers, which marched under General Washington, 
against the rebels. His Company had reached Frederick- 
town and were encamped there, when the quarrel was 
settled, and my father went from that encampment to 
Martinsburg and took his wife, as the Scripture has it. 
They were married on Thursday, the second of October, 
in the year 1794. It was about the year 1809 that we 
made Shrub Hill our permanent Residence; before that 
we had a house in Baltimore and only went to the coun- 
try in the summer. My mother was in delicate health 
for many years before this, and travelled a great deal. 
My brother, Andrew, and myself were her constant 
companions on these rambles. Our circuit always ended 
at Martinsburg, where I passed a month or two always 
in hot weather. My grandmother was then alive (Mrs. 
Philip Pendleton), and took great delight in having my 
mother with her. The family in Martinsburg was large. 
My mother's eldest sister, Mrs. Hunter, lived there with 
her husband. Colonel Hunter, and a house full of chil- 
dren. Philip Clayton, and Edmund, James, and Henry, 
all younger than My Mother, were at home; Sally and 
Maria, now Mrs. Dandridge, and Mrs. Cooke, were very 
young then. I remember my grandmother's sister, Mrs. 

Ferguson, an old lady who used to come in from the 
country, somewhere near Martinsburg, and stay a few 
days at a time with us * * *. 

" 'My uncle Philip, with whom I have passed the last 
ten days, I think the first man in point of talents and 
acquirements and manners that I have ever been ac- 
quainted with. His influence upon society here is per- 
vading & irresistible, and his reputation throughout the 
State very high. 

'• 'iMy mother had a face of singular beauty wherein 
gentleness and dignity combined to give the impression 
of rare womanly Charms with unusual intelligence and 
force of character.' Family and social tradition amply 
confirmed the promise of her youth, and even in advanced 
age she exercised an influence and retained an afi'ection 
among kindred and friends, which is the best evidence of 
womanly traits and noble principles. Of her four sons, 
John Pendleton Kennedy was the first born, and through- 
out life he was a devoted son and the object of maternal 
pride and tenderness. He writes of her and describes 
her at the age of fifty-eight as a 'majestic looking wo- 
man.' More than twenty years after this date she was 
vigorous, and in the enjoyment of all her faculties when 
her death occurred, after but a few hours' illness, from 

''The following mention of the news, when first re- 
ceived, is noted in her son's journal. 

" 'Patapsco, September 12th, 1854 — My poor Mother 
died Tuesday night at eight o'clock. I am deeply 
grieved at this melancholy message — so sudden and un- 
expected is the event. My Mother was so cheerful when 
I parted with her a few days ago; she was quite well, 
but with a calm outlook towards her end, resigned, con- 

tented & happy, in the contemplation of it; but not 
dreaming of it so soon or by such a disease. Martins- 
burg was entirely free from all signs of cholera until 
Thursday; and my Mother, after she had gone to the 
Bower (The home of her sister Mrs. Dandridge) was 
particularly well ; On Monday morning when my brother 
Anthony's three children left her, she had been playing 
the piano for the family and was in unusually good 

Nancy Clayton Pendleton Kennedy, born 1778, died 
September 13, 1854, in her seventy-sixth year. 

The line of descent of the Kennedys is given by John 
Pendleton Kennedy (Life of Kennedy by Tuckerman, 
page 32), in a half playful style; but it coinsides with 
the other accounts, and, as John Pendleton Kennedy was 
the oldest grandson in this country, his testimony is most 
valuable in establishing the Kennedy pedigree as it has 
been given in this work. 

" *As every man has a pedigree, I state mine thus, be- 
ing the exact truth established upon the most precise 
historical dates. Somebody begat the father of Ken- 
neth, King of Scotland — ^I do not wish to carry the 
roll of my lineage beyond the king — and he of course 
begat his son ; and Kenneth begat sons and daughters ; 
and one of the sons begat sons who begat others, and, 
in due time, one of them begat a gentleman who was 
on Flodden Field, having therefore — he or some of his 
fathers — changed the spelling of the name to Kennedy. 
And he of Flodden Field, who had degenerated from 
a king into an Earl, begat a son, and in regular proces- 
sion of begetting, a great Clan of Kennedys came to in- 
habit certain Mountains of Scotland. And they got into 
feuds and rows and sprees; and lifted blackmail, stole 

cattle, burnt barnyards, whereby many got themselves 
hung. And some kept the border in hot water ; and some 
fought the Irvings ; — by the bye, I brought this to Wash- 
ington Irving's notice, and we established upon it a truce 
between the clans, and have found out some honest re- 
lationship. And while some got hung, and some staid to 
keep up the reputation of St. Kennedy' as Sir Walter 
calls him, one man went over to Ireland and fixed his 
tent at Newton Cunningham in Donegal, where he begat 
tvv'o sons and daughters, all Presbyterians, and the last 
of these (name'y John) begat .\ndrew, Anthony, John 
which last John was my father." 

These three sons, with their two sisters, Mrs. Risk and 
Airs. ]\IcCoy, all came to America and settled in Penn- 
sylvania, two of them, Andrew and Anthony, before the 
Revolution, John and his sisters later. John was the only 
one of these three brothers who married and left de- 

John P. Kennedy's journal gives the following account 
of the Pendleton family: 

" 'On my Mother's side certain Pendletons lived in 
England in the time of the Conqueror. Whereby it hap- 
pened that Philip Pendleton came to be a resident of 
Norwich; and about the close of seventeenth century 
he, with his household, migrated to America & Settled 
in Caroline County in Virginia; & there he begat 
Henry Pendleton who married ]\Iary Taylor & they 
had sons & daughters. One of the sons was Edmund 
of celebrated memory who was born in that County of 
Caroline, 1721. And the brother of this Edmund begat 
the father of Henry, Nathaniel, William, and Philip, of 
whom I have spoken, which father in like manner begat 
his own sons. 

" 'Philip ran away with Miss Patterson of Berkeley 
by whom he got a good landed Estate near Martinsburg, 
which induced him to leave Culpeper & take up his 
residence at Martinsburg; & hence my good mother 
& all her brothers & sisters, & hence again the sub- 
ject of this memoir. 

" 'I was born on the 25th of October, 1795, being the 
oldest of four children all sons. My Mother had an- 
other son after my brother Andrew but he died when a 
few months of age.' " 
Children : 

i John Pendleton, born in Baltimore, October 
25, 1795. He was an author, statesman, and a 
patriot. His life, written by Henry T. Tuck- 
erman, gives his history, both as a statesman 
and an author. He was Secretary of the Navy 
under President Filmore. This period was 
made interesting in Naval history by Doctor 
Kane's search for Sir John Franklin. His 
books are : Swallow Barn ; Horse-shoe Robin- 
son ; Rob of the Bowl ; Annals of Ouodlibet ; 
Life of Wirt ; Notes for Essays ; Miscellaneous 
Writings ; Autograph Leaves ; Occasional Ad- 
dress, etc. He was a member of Congress, and, 
in 1824, Mr. Monroe appointed him Secretary 
of Legation to Chili. For some time he hesi- 
tated as to his final acceptance, but at last 
resigned the office. He died without issue, 
August 18, 1870, after a prosperous and happy 
life, in all the blessedness of a Christian's hope. 
One of his oldest friends said of him, "All 
wholesome, glad influence flowed out from his 
daily life, strong a.^ the strongest of men, and 

sweet as the sweetest of women. Such men as 
he, at once so genial and so intellectual, with 
a fascination alike for young and old, ought 
never to die." 

There is a small Bible belonging to John P. 
Kennedy, with this inscription, written by John 
P. Kennedy of Baltimore. 

"This little Bible belonged to my Grand- 
father John Kennedy of County Donegal, Ire- 
land. It was given by him to his son John Ken- 
nedy, My father, then leaving Ireland to Emi- 
grate to the United States when but a boy of ten 
or twelve years. It is signed with his name 1785. 
He gave it to me in 1820. I now give it to 
my Nephew John Willoughby Kennedy with an 
injunction that it be handed down to his son 
John P. Kennedy and be transmitted there- 
after to those of the family who may succes- 
sively bear the name of John. 
"John Pendleton Kennedy, d. Aug. 13, 1870." 

13 ii Andrew, married Mary Ann Riddle Lane. 

32 iii Anthony, married, first, Sarah Stephena Dan- 
dridge, second, Margaret S. Hughes, 
iv Pendleton, died unmarried. 

13 Andrew^* Kennedy (John^^ John^-, Thom- 
as^\, Gilbertl^ Gilbert^ Gilbert^, Lord Kennedy and 
fourth Earl of CassiHis, Gilbert^ the third Earl, Gilbert^ 
the second Earl, David^ the first Earl, John*, Lord 
Kennedy, Gilbert^ Lord Kennedy, Sir James-, Sir Gil- 
bert^), second son of John and Nancy Clayton (Pen- 
dleton) Kennedy, was born in Baltimore, July 27, 1797. 
He married in Charlestown, Jefferson County, Virginia, 

January 1, 1822, Mary Ann Riddle Lane, born in Charles- 
town, December 3, 1799, daughter of Willoughby Wash- 
ington and Rebecca (Riddle) Lane (see Lane Family, 
Number 3, Westmoreland branch). 

Mary Ann Riddle Lane, wife of Andrew Kennedy, 
died at Cassillis, April 21, 1873. She was often in ill 
health in her young life but later became very strong 
and well. She died, after a short illness, of erysipelas. 
She was a woman of great personality, a strong, beauti- 
ful Christian character, loved and respected by all who 
knew her. She lived in a beautiful home, where she 
entertained with true hospitality, rarely being without 
guests. She loved her church, "Mount Zion," and under 
its shadow she was buried. 

Andrew Kennedy died at Cassillis, Jefferson County, 
Virginia, the beautiful home that he built about 1825, 
on February 17, 1858. He was a lawyer. The esteem 
in which he was held was shown at the time of his fun- 
eral, the line of carriages being more than a mile long. 
The Virginia Free Press published the following obitu- 
ary : 

DIED, on Saturday evening, the 27th of February, 
1858, ANDREW KENNEDY, Esq., aged about 61 

Rarely, if ever, has Death in his onward and resistless 
march, stricken down one more worthy the esteem and 
honored recollection of those who knew him, than the 
subject of the above notice. 

The unmerited eulogies, so often lavished upon the 
memory of the recfent dead, ought not and will not deter 
the hand of friendship, in this instance, from penning a 
just tribute to the pure character, and solid worth of 
him, who has gone from among us, to dwell in the nar- 
row house appointed for all the children of Adam. 

To speak of him simply as an honorable man, might, in 
times like these, when the word Honor is so often mis- 
applied, leave room for misconstruction among those who 
knew him not ; but applied to him, as all who did know 
him will cordially respond, the term is applicable in its 
highest and most significant sense. 

An innate love of the just and true, mantled over with 
an enlarged charity, constituted the ruling feature of his 
character. Scrupulously upright himself in all the busi- 
ness intercourse of life, he indulged in no harsh condem- 
nation of the faults and foibles of others. 

A certain reserve of manner, and somewhat retired 
course of life, may have left many unprepared to ap- 
preciate fully the genuine excellencies of his character. 
But those whose opportunities enabled them to see the 
inner man, valued him the highest. Those who knew him 
best loved him most. Whatever of the praise-worthy and 
commendable marked his conduct and course of life, 
sprang not, as too often occurs, from the love of popular 
favor and applause. They proceeded alone from the 
inborn nobleness of his soul, and the constant culture 
of the higher developments of his moral nature. He may, 
and perhaps did, err by an excessive disregard of the 
former. The latter, for this reason, endeared him the 
more to those who saw and knew him within the inner 
circle of his friends and acquaintance. 

As a member of the Bar in early life, and latterly an 
intelligent and efficient magistrate of the county, and at 
the same time presiding over the Banking institution of 
this place, there is but one voice going up from the whole 
community, proclaiming in terms of peculiar emphasis 
truly and faithfully, 

"He acted well his part." 

Such, briefly, was his pubHc and social position. But 
if from this, the phase of his character as seen by the 
outer world, we turn to view him in the sacred precincts 
of home, and the domestic circle, the qualities of his 
character are seen here to stand out in still more shin- 
ing and attractive relief. 

As a husband, father and brother, those alone who 
bore to him those endearing relations, can measure the 
greatness of their loss. It is not meet, that others should 
intrude upon the sacred privacy of their sorrow ; yet it 
may be allowed to them, his friends and neighbors, who 
knew and esteemed him so highly to mingle with their 
sadness, their deep regrets that the hand of Death had 
not spared him a few years longer. 

As a master, the ingenuous grief of his servants 
around the open grave attested how keenly they felt the 
loss of one, who was ever kind and indulgent. 

And last — but above all; he died a Christian, leaning 
upon and full of the blessed hopes, which alone can, and 
did in his case, rob Death of all its terrors. 

"The chamber where the good man meets his fate, 

Is privileged beyond the common walk 

Of virtuous life, quite on the verge of Heaven." 

Children : 
14 i John Willoughby, born in 1822 ; married Sarah 

M. Rutherford; died in 1905. 
18 ii Andrew Eskridge, born in 1824; married his 
cousin, Maria Pendleton Cooke ; died in 1900. 

22 iii Anne Rebecca, born in 1825 ; married John 

Selden (see Selden Family, No. 50) ; died in 

23 iv Mary Elizabeth Lane, born in 1830; married 

Henry Pendleton Cooke; died in 1902. 

25 V Sarah Pendleton Dandridge, born in 1834; 

married John Selden (see Selden Family, No. 

26 vi Edmund Pendleton, born in 1836; married 

Julia Chew Paca; died in 1881. 

14 Judge John Willoughby^^ Kennedy (An- 
drew^*, John^s, John^-, Thomasi\ Gilbertl^ Gilbert^ Gil- 
bert^, Lord Kennedy and fourth Earl of Cassillis, Gil- 
bert^, the third Earl, Gilbert^, the second Earl, David^, 
the first Earl, John^, Lord Kennedy, Gilbert^, Lord Ken- 
nedy, Sir James", Sir Gilbert^) was born in Charlestown, 
Jefferson County, Virginia, November 25, 1822. He was 
a Judge in Wheeling, West Virginia. He married Sarah 
M., daughter of Thomas and Mary (Duffield) Ruther- 
ford, in Charlestown, April 30, 1857. Judge Kennedy 
died of paralysis, February 2, 1905, in Washington, D. C. 
The following record of his children is from his wife: 

Children : 

i Alice, married Charles Stevens; no children. 

15 ii Thomas R., born May 26, 1861 ; married Min- 

nie Whittaker. 

16 iii Mary Willoughby, born October 2, 1865; mar- 

ried Henry Clay Sincell. 
iv John W. (baptized John W., but adopted the 
name of John Pendleton, his brother of this 
name having died), born May 17, 1871; mar- 
ried May 9, 1903, Minnie C. Haukness. 

17 v Annie R., born September 27, 1874; married 

November 28, 1901, Francis Randolph, 
vi Elizabeth Gray, born November 2Q, 1875. 

15 Thomas R.^^ Kennedy (John Willoughby^^, 

Andrew^-^, John^^, John^-, Thomas^\, Gilbert^^ Gilbert, 
Gilbert^, Lord Kennedy and fourth Earl of Cassillis, 
Gilbert', the third Earl, Gilbert''', the second Earl, David^, 
the first Earl, John*, Lord Kennedy, Gilbert^ Lord 
Kennedy, Sir James-, Sir Gilbert^) was born May 26, 
18G1. He married, December 18, 1889, Minnie Lee, 
daughter of A. O. Whittaker, of Woodlands, West Vir- 

Children : 

i Thomas R., born December 13, 181)1. 

ii John Alexander W., born May 21, 1898. 
iii Jennie R., born October 6, 1903. 

16 Mary Willoughby^*^ Kennedy (John Wil- 
loughby^^, Andrew^^, John^^, John^-, Thomas^S Gilbert^'', 
Gilbert^, Gilbert^, Lord Kennedy and fourth Earl of 
Cassillis, Gilbert^, the third Earl, Gilbert*^, the second 
Earl, David^, the first Earl, John*, Lord Kennedy, Gil- 
bert^, Lord Kennedy, Sir James-, Sir Gilbert^) was born 
October 2, 1865. She married, September 10, 1892, 
Henry Clay Lincell. 

Children : 
i Sally Douglas Sincell, born August 9, 1894. 
ii Leah R. Lincell, born October 1, 1898. 
iii Margaret R. Lincell, born July 8, 1901. 

17 Annie R.^'^ Kennedy (John Willoughby^^ An- 
drew^*, Johnl•^ Johni2, Thomas^\" Gilbert^^ Gilbert^ Gil- 
bert*, Lord Kennedy and fourth Earl of Cassillis, Gil- 
bert^ the third Earl, Gilbert", the second Earl, David^, 
the first Earl, John*, Lord Kennedy, Gilbert^, Lord Ken- 
nedy, Sir James-, Sir Gilbert^) was born September 27, 
1874. She married, November 28, 1901, Francis Ran- 

Children : 
i Sarah Winifred Randolph, born May 6, 1903. 

ii — , born about 1907. 

iii , born 1909 or 1910. 

18 Andrew Eskridge^^ Kennedy (Andrew^^, 
John^^ John^-, Thomas^\ Gilbert^^, Gilbert^ Gilbert;\ 
Lord Kennedy and fourth Earl of Cassillis, Gilbert", the 
third Earl, Gilbert^', the second Earl, David^, the first 
Earl, John"^, Lord Kennedy, Gilbert", Lord Kennedy, Sir 
James-, Sir Gilbert^) was born July 18, 18,24. He mar- 
ried October 11, 1859, his cousin, Maria Pendleton, 
daughter of Philip and Willie Ann (Burwell) Cooke, of 
the "Vineyard," Clarke County, Virginia. (See Cooke 
Family, Number 4.) She was born in 1840, and died 
February 17, 1902, in Washington, D. C. Andrew Esk- 
ridge Kennedy died of paralysis, January 1, 1900. He 
and his wife are both buried at Mount Zion, Charles- 
town, West Virginia. 'The following record of their 
children is taken from the family Bible : 

19 i Philip Cooke, born September 20, 1860; mar- 

ried Selina Anderson Frizell. 
ii Agnes Esten. 
iii Elizabeth Pendleton, 
iv Rebecca Willoughby. 

20 V Andrew Eskridge, born March 9, 1875 ; mar- 

ried Blanche Breeden ; died in 1908. 

21 vi Margaret Hughes, born June 23, 1878; mar- 

ried Alexander Stronach. 

19 Philip Cooke^^ Kennedy (Andrew Eskridge^^, 
Andrewl^ John^^ John^^ Thomasi\, Gilbert^^, Gilbert^ 
Gilbert^, Lord Kennedy and fourth Earl of Cassillis, 

Gilbert^ the third Earl, Gilbert^, the second Earl, David^, 
the first Earl, John*, Lord Kennedy, Gilbert^ Lord Ken- 
nedy, Sir James-, Sir Gilbert^) was born at Cassillis, 
September 20, 1860. He married, November 17, 1887, 
Selina Anderson Frizell, of Westminster, Maryland. 

Children : 
i Caroline Wright, born at Tompkinsville, Staten Is- 
land, New York, October 28, 1889. 
ii Philip Eskridge, born in Charlestown, West Virginia, 
April 27, 1891. 

20 Andrew Eskridge^*' Kennedy (Andrew Esk- 
ridge^^, Andrew^*, John^^, John^-, Thomas^\ Gilbert^*^, 
Gilbert^, Gilbert^, Lord Kennedy and fourth Earl of Cas- 
sillis, Gilbert^ the third Earl, Gilbert*^, the second Earl, 
David^, the first Earl, John*, Lord Kennedy, Gilbert^, 
Lord Kennedy, Sir James-, Sir Gilbert^) was born at 
Cassillis, Charlestown, March 9, 1875. He married, in 
June, 1902, Blanche Breeden, of Richmond. He died in 
the winter of 1908-9. 

Children : 
i Maria May, born January 13, 1903. 
ii Elizabeth Pendleton, born December 24, 1904. 
iii Blanche Breeden, born March 25, 1907. 

21 Margaret Hughes^^ Kennedy (Andrew Esk- 
ridge^^, Andrew^*, John^^, John^-, Thomas^\ Gilbert^^, 
Gilbert^, Gilbert^, Lord Kennedy and fourth Earl of 
Cassillis, Gilbert^, the third Earl, Gilbert^, the second 
Earl, David^, the first Earl, John*, Lord Kennedy, Gil- 
bert^, Lord Kennedy, Sir James-, Sir Gilbert^) was born 
June 23, 1878. She married, October 11, 1904, Alex- 
ander Stronach, a lawyer, of Raleigh, North Carolina. 

Children : 
i Alexander Stronach. born July 22, 1905. 
ii ^Margaret Hughes Kennedy Stronach, born January 6, 

iii Maria Pendleton Stronach, born October 39, 1909. 

22 Anne Rebecca^^ Kennedy (Andrew^^ John^^ 
John^-, Thomas^\ Gilbert^'\ Gilbert^ Gilbert^, Lord Ken- 
nedy and fourth Earl of Cassillis, Gilbert^ the third Earl, 
Gilbert*^, the second Earl, David^, the first Earl, John^, 
Lord Kennedy, Gilbert^, Lord Kennedy, Sir James", Sir 
Gilbert^) was born September 29, 1825. She married, 
June 19, 1845, John Selden. (See Selden family, Num- 
ber 50.) She died July 11, 1854. 

Children (see Selden family, No. 50) : 
i Wilson Gary Selden. 

ii ]\Iary Selden, married Dr. Stephen Dandridge Ken- 
nedy (see No. 33). 
iii Elizabeth Gray Selden. 
iv Andrew Kennedy Selden. 

23 Mary Elizabeth Lane^^ Kennedy (Andrew^*, 
John^\ John^-, Thomas^\, Gilbert^^, Gilbert^, Gilbert^ 
Lord Kennedy and fourth Earl of Cassillis, Gilbert^, the 
third Earl, Gilbert*^, the second Earl, David^, the first 
Earl, John'', Lord Kennedy, Gilbert^, Lord Kennedy, Sir 
James-, Sir Gilbert^) was born January 3, 1830. She 
married, January 1, 1855, Henry Pendleton Cooke, son 
of John Rogers and Maria (Pendleton) Cooke (see 
Cooke family). She died in March, 1902. 

Children : 

i Annie Selden Cooke, 
ii Marian Willoughby Cooke, of Norfolk, Va. 

24 iii Henry Pendleton Cooke (name changed from 
John Rogers), born March 21, 1857; married 
Mrs. CaroHne L. Richardson, nee Evans. 

24 Henry Pendleton^*^ Cooke (Mary EHzabeth 
Lane^^' Kennedy, Andrew^-^, John^''', John^-, Thomas'\ 
Gilbert^o, Gilbert^, Gilbert^ Lord Kennedy and fourth 
Earl of Cassillis, Gilbert", the third Earl, Gilbert^, the 
second Earl, David^, the first Earl, John^, Lord Kennedy, 
Gilbert^, Lord Kennedy, Sir James-, Sir Gilbert^) was 
born March 21, 1857. His name was originally John 
Rogers, but was changed to Henry Pendleton. He mar- 
ried, at Galveston, Texas, January 1, 1886, Mrs. Caro- 
line L. (Richardson) Evans. (See Cooke Family, No. 
8.) They had one son, 

i Willard Cooke. 

25 Sarah Pendleton Dandrtdge^^ Kennedy (An- 
drew^^, Johnl^ John^^ Thomas^ \ Gilbert^", Gilbert^ 
Gilbert^, Lord Kennedy and fourth Earl of Cassillis, 
Gilbert', the third Earl, Gilberf"', the second Earl, David^, 
the first Earl, John"^, Lord Kennedy, Gilbert^, Lord Ken- 
nedy, Sir James-, Sir Gilbert^) was born September 23, 
1834. She married, January 7, 1858. at Cassillis, Jeffer- 
son County, John Selden (see Selden Family, No. 50). 

Children (see Selden family) : 
i John Selden, born October 3, 1859 ; married Susan 

ii Annie Rebecca Selden. 

26 Edmund Pendleton^^ Kennedy (Andrew^*, 
John^'-, John^-, Thomas^ \ Gilbert^o, Gilbert^, Gilbert^ 
Lord Kennedy and fourth Earl of Cassillis, Gilbert", the 

third Earl, Gilbert^, the second Earl, David^, the first 
Earl, John*, Lord Kennedy, Gilbert^, Lord Kennedy, Sir 
James-, Sir Gilbert\) was born at Cassillis, December 15, 
1836. He married, July 25, 1860, Julia Chew, daughter 
of Edmund Tilghman and Marian Eden (Jones) Paca, of 
Wye, Eastern Shore, Maryland. The mother of Julia 
Chew (Paca) Kennedy died while visiting her daughter 
at CassilHs, January 30, 1873, and is buried in Zion 
Church yard. She was born June 28, 1818. Her hus- 
band, Edmund Tilghman Paca, died many years before, 
and is buried at Wye (see Paca Family, No. 3). Ed- 
mund Pendleton Kennedy died May 30, 1881. 

The children of Edmund Pendleton and Julia Chew 
(Paca) Kennedy are: 

27 i Julia Chew Paca, born May 12, 1861 ; married 

Edmund Randolph Taylor, 
ii Mary Selden, born at Wye, Maryland. 

28 iii Edmund Pendleton, born NovCTnber 14, 1865 ; 

married Josephine Maria Martelle. 

29 iv Andrew, born July 8, in 1867; married Ethel 


30 V Anthony K., born September 12, 1870; mar- 

ried Katherine Conrad. 

vi Margaret Hughes Paca. 

vii John Pendleton, born March 21, 1873 ; mar- 
ried January 21, 1905, at the English church, 
Rue des Tanneurs, Antwerp, Belgium, and also 
at the British Consulate, to Fanny Pickard, 
who was born in Battersea, London, in 1872. 

31 viii Ethel, married Charles Pitt Nicholson. 

ix Paca, born August 2, 1878 ; a clergyman ; mar- 
ried, August 16, 1906, at Buena Vista Springs, 
Pennsylvania, Erin, daughter of Doctor F. H. 
H. Paine, of Galveston, Texas. 

27 Julia Chew Paca^*^ Kennedy (Edmund Pen- 
dleton^^ Andrew^^ Johnl^ Jolini-, Thomasi\ Gilbert^o, 
Gilbert^, Gilbert^, Lord Kennedy and fourth Earl of 
Cassillis, Gilbert^ the third Earl, Gilbert^, the second 
Earl, David^, the first Earl, John^, Lord Kennedy, Gil- 
bert^, Lord Kennedy, Sir James-, Sir Gilbert^) was born 
at Wye, Eastern Shore, Maryland, May 12, 1861. She 
married, July 7, 1892, Edmund Randolph Taylor, of 
Charlestown, West Virginia. (See Taylor Family, Num- 
ber 3.) 

Children : 

i Julia Paca Taylor, born January 31, 1894. 

ii Elizabeth Gray Taylor, born June 10, 1895. 
iii Edmund Randolph Taylor, born October 5, 1898. 
iv Margaret Beverly, born in January, 1908. 

28 Edmund Pendleton^^ Kennedy (Edmund 
Pendleton^^, Andrew^*, John^^, John^-, Thomas^\ Gil- 
bert^^, Gilbert^, Gilbert^, Lord Kennedy and fourth Earl 
of Cassillis, Gilbert^, the third Earl, Gilbert^, the second 
Earl, David^, the first Earl, John*, Lord Kennedy, Gil- 
bert^, Lord Kennedy, Sir James-, Sir Gilbert^) was born 
November 14, 1865. He married June 20, 1901, Jo- 
sephine Maria Martelle. 

i Josephine M., born June 2, 1907. 

29 Andrew^*' Kennedy (Edmund Pendleton^^, 
Andrewl^ John^^ John^-, Thomasi\ Gilbert^^, Gilbert^, 
Gilbert^, Lord Kennedy and fourth Earl of Cassillis, 
Gilbert^, the third Earl, Gilbert^, the second Earl, David^, 
the first Earl, John*, Lord Kennedy, Gilbert^, Lord Ken- 
nedy, Sir James-, Sir Gilbert^) was born July 8, 1867. 

He married Ethel Phillips,, February ,21, 19()(), in jersey 
City, Xew Jersey. 

Child : 
i Ethel Paca, born December 30, 1906. 

30 Anthony K.^« Kennedy (Edmund Pendleton^^ 
Andre\v^^ John^", John^-, Thomasi\ Gilbert^^ Gilbert^ 
Gilbert^ Lord Kennedy and fourth Earl of Cassillis, Gil- 
bert^ the third Earl, Gilbert^ the second Earl, David^ 
the first Earl, John^ Lord Kennedy, Gilbert^ Lord Ken- 
nedy, Sir James-, Sir Gilbert^) was born September 12, 
1870. He married, at Camden, New Jersey, June 18, 
1901, Katherine Conrad. 

Children : 
i Anthony, born March 18, 1902. 
ii Joseph Conrad, born September 28, 1903. 
iii Edward Tilghman, born September 27, 1905. 

31 Ethel^'^ Kennedy (Edmund Pendleton^^ An- 
drew^^ John^s, John^-, Thomas^S Gilbert^o, Gilbert^ 
Gilbert^ Lord Kennedy and fourth Earl of Cassillis, 
Gilbert^ the third Earl, Gilbert^ the second Earl, David^ 
the first Earl, John*, Lord Kennedy, Gilbert% Lord Ken- 
nedy, Sir James-, Sir Gilbert^) married February 16, 
1905, Charles Pitt Nicholson. 

Child : 
i Charles Pitt Nicholson, born December 3, 1905. 

32 Anthony^* Kennedy (John^^, John^-, Thom- 
as^\ Gilbert^^ Gilbert^ Gilbert^, Lord Kennedy and 
fourth Earl of Cassillis, Gilbert^ the third Earl. Gilbert^ 
the second Earl, David^ the first Earl, John^, Lord Ken- 
nedy, Gilbert^ Lord Kennedy, Sir James-, Sir Gilbert^) 

Democrats, as he was not in sympathy with some of the 
tenets of the American party men. He did not Hke their 
secret society features or their bitter prejudices against 
Cathohcs, and soon after he took his seat the party went 
to pieces. Mr. Kennedy was a war Democrat as long 
as he was a member of the Senate, and was one of a 
celebrated quartet consisting of Kennedy, the late ex- 
Minister Pendleton, Voorhees and Clement L. Vallandig- 

"His colleague in the Senate was James Alfred Pearce. 
He remained in the Senate until 1863. In 1867 he was 
selected by the Democrats as a member of the State 
Constitutional Convention. Since then he has taken no 
active part in politics. He resolved to spend his last 
years in the enjoyment of domestic peace, and, with that 
object in view, purchased a country home on the Fred- 
erick road, about nine miles from Baltimore, where he 
lived until very recently, when he took up his residence 
with his son at Annapolis, where he died July 31, 

"Senator Kennedy was tall and commanding in per- 
son, of a genial disposition and took a lively interest in 
public matters up to within ten days of his death. He 
had three children, two of whom survive him. The sur- 
viving ones are Mrs. Harrison, wife of Rev. Hall Har- 
rison, rector of St. John's Church, near Ellicott City, 
and Dr. S. D. Kennedy, of Annapolis. The deceased 
son was Captain Philip C. Kennedy, United States 
Marine Corps. 

"Mr. Kennedy's career was a singularly interesting one, 
and until a few years ago his memory for the remarkable 
scenes through which he passed was wonderfully minute. 
He could repeat whole debates, reproducing the speeches 

word for word, and tell anecdote after anecdote of the 
great men who rose and fell beside him. 

"One of Mr. Kennedy's stories about Jefferson Davis 
was especially interesting, and shows that duelling as a 
settlement for Congressional disputes was held in favor 
up to a comparatively recent date. 'One day about 1860/ 
he said, in giving an account of the occurrence, 'Mr. 
Davis and I\Ir. Benjamin became angry with one another 
in a debate on the floor of the Senate. Mr. Benjamin 
thought his colleague from the South was talking in too 
petulant a strain, and exclaimed, angrily, "Do you want 
to insult me, sir?" I shall never forget Mr. Davis' ex- 
pression when he waved his hand at Mr. Benjamin, as 
if he were throwing an insult at him, and said, with 
equal emphasis; "You have it now, sir!" The occur- 
rence created a sensation among the other senators. 
Davis left his seat and sent for Rob Johnson, of Ar- 
kansas, of whom he thought a great deal. I asked John- 
son what they were going to do, and he answered in a 
low tone, with his head down to avoid attention; "Chal- 

" 'All that night Crittenden, Toombs and another man, 
whose name I cannot remember, worked on Davis in an 
effort to get him to make an explanation to Benjamin, as 
it was evident there had been some misunderstanding 
on both sides. When the Senate met the next day the 
men were in their seats. Mr. Benjamin arose and ad- 
dressed the presiding officer, withdrawing his remarks in 
a beautiful speech of ten or fifteen minutes, which seemed 
to fall from his mouth like running water. It was a fine 
effort but Davis did fully as well when it came his turn 
to explain. 

" 'As I remember Mr. Davis,' the Senator said recently, 

in talking over the reminiscences of his life, 'he was a 
very courteous man, scrupulously polite to everybody, 
ordinarily, but petulant and cross w^hen his health was 
bad, as was often the case. His habits were temperate 
and he did his work faithfully. Although he did not 
speak often, his remarks were always delivered with a 
force which commanded attention. I heard a great deal 
of private conversation among the southern leaders at 
Mr. Davis' desk, where they sometimes collected to talk. 
Nearly all they did was decided upon in caucus before- 

"It used to be told as a good thing on Mr. Kennedy 
that although he was sent to the Senate as a Know- 
nothing, he was the son of a native born Irishman and 
selected for an appointment during his term another 
man of the same nationality. This appointee he made 
doorkeeper in the Senate, and the incident aroused some 
attention at the time. 

"Mr. Kennedy used to possess an extensive fund of 
reminiscences about his campaign with Bedinger, one of 
which is as follows : On a certain afternoon both candi- 
dates rode up to the house of an ignorant but aggressive 
old man named Johnson, who was a well-known Demo- 
crat and a great admirer of Bedinger. Mr. Kennedy, 
as a measure of necessity, made his companion known to 
Johnson, but cleverly avoided introducing himself. 
When both visitors prepared to leave in the morning, 
Johnson noticed the omission and said to Mr. Kennedy: 
*Why, hang it, mail, you haven't even told me who you 
are!' Bedinger let^ the cat out of the bag by explaining 
that it was the Wtiig candidate. The host at first re- 
fused to believe if true that his political idol would 
thus travel, eat and $leep with a Whig, and was not con- 



Mary (Seldex) Kexxedy 

vinced until he heard both speak in the afternoon. Never 
afterward would he say another word in praise of Mr. 

"Senator Kennedy was the only man ever elected to 
the United States Senate as representative of the Ameri- 
can or Know-nothing party." 

Children (by first wife) : 
33 i Stephen Dandridge, married jMary Selden. 
ii Philip Pendleton, died young. 
iii Agnes Spottiswoode. 

33 Dr. Stephen Dandridge^^ Kennedy (Anth- 
onyl^ Johni3, John^-, Thomas^S Gilbert^^^ Gilbert^ Gil- 
bert^, Lord Kennedy and fourth Earl of Cassillis, Gilbert^, 
the third Earl, Gilbert®, the second Earl, David^, the first 
Earl, John*, Lord Kennedy, Gilbert^, Lord Kennedy 
Sir James-, Sir Gilbert^) married, in Baltimore, Novem- 
ber 24, 1863, Frances, daughter of Lewis* and Margaret 
(Armistead) Howell (Benjamin^, Joseph", Joseph^) 
(see Armistead Family, Number 22). Doctor Kennedy, 
married, second, June 22, 1869, his cousin, Mary, daugh- 
ter of John Selden (see Selden Family, Numbers 50 
and 52). She was born at Cassillis, Jefferson County, 
Virginia, October 3, 1847. Doctor Kennedy was born 
May 25, 1834, at the "Bower," Jefferson County. He 
was educated at the Virginia Military Institute, at the 
University of Virginia, and the LTniversity of Mary- 
land. He graduated in medicine from the last-named 
institution in 1855. He practised in Baltimore and was 
one of the visiting physicians to the Baltimore City and 
County Almshouse. He is a member of the Baltimore 
Pathological Society, the Medical and Chirurgical Fac- 
ulty of Maryland, as also of the Alston Art Club, and 

of the Maryland Club. He was a delegate to the National 
Convention of Physicians, which met in Washington, 
in 1857. 

In 1861 he entered the United States Navy as Assistant 
Surgeon, and served with distinction as surgeon under 
Farragut. In 1861 he was ordered to the U. S. S. 
Colorado, which joined the Gulf Squadron off Fort 
Pickens, Texas. On September 13, 1861, a boat expedi- 
tion under command of Lieutenant J. H. Russell was 
sent in from the Colorado to cut out and destroy the 
Confederate Privateer Schooner, Judah, which was lying 
at the Pensacola Navy Yard, awaiting a chance to run 
past the fleet. Doctor Kennedy was detailed as medical 
officer of the expedition and assigned to Lieutenant Rus- 
sell's boat. Fort Pickens, on Santa Rosa Island, was 
held by Federal troops. On the mainland across the 
narrow channel were Forts Macrea and Barrancas, with 
Confederate garrisons. From the latter for two or 
three miles up to the Navy Yard was a line of batteries. 
The Judah was at the dock of the Yard which was held 
by about twelve hundred Confederate troops. To reach 
the Yard it was necessary to pass close to Forts McRea 
and Barancas, and beyond all of the batteries. 

The expedition numbered one hundred men and of- 
ficers in four boats, one launch and three cutters. Doc- 
tor Kennedy was in Lieutenant Russell's boat, the launch, 
which carried thirty-seven men, of which number two 
were killed, and seven wounded. Leaving the ship near 
midnight, when it was very dark, the boats pulled with 
muffled oars to the narrow channel between the island 
and the mainland. They passed close to the Forts with- 
out being seen and pulling farther across the bay, passed, 
unnoticed by the batteries in the darkness. When abreast 

of the Judah, the boats formed in Hne and stopped for 
a few moments for the order to attack. Russell's and 
Blake's boats were to attack and board the schooner and 
set fire to her. The other two boats were to attack 
one eleven-inch gun battery near either end of the vessel. 
During this pause, an officer asked Doctor Kennedy to 
change seats with him, and, as he did so, the man by 
whom he sat down said, "Doc, that may be a luck swap 
for you, some of us will miss the number of our mess 
in a few minutes." The boats rushed in and in a few 
moments the schooner poured a heavy fire into them. 
At the first fire, the two men on either side of Doctor 
Kennedy, were killed, one of whom had joked about his 
change of seat, and the officer who had exchanged with 
him was hit in the arm. After a short but hot fight, 
the privateer was taken and set on fire, the batteries 
taken, and their guns spiked. The troops in the Yard 
came rushing down the dock, but the men, regaining 
the boats, checked them by a fire from their howitzers, 
and, pulling over to the other side of the bay, stopped 
to look after the killed and wounded. Aided by the 
dim light, they succeeded in passing out without being 
hit 'by the Forts or batteries, and reached the Colorado 
at daylight. 

Doctor Kennedy was afterward attached to the Hart- 
ford, Farragut's Flagship, and was in the fights with 
the batteries at Port Hudson, Grand Gulf, and Warren- 
ton, below Vicksburg, Mississippi. He was promoted to 
the post of Surgeon in 1863. While attached to the U. S. 
S. Lackawanna, cruising in the Pacific, he was at the 
Hawaian Islands during the great eruption of the volcano 
of Kilawea, earthquakes and tidal wave in 1868. A few 
days before its eruption he visited the volcano, and went 

down into its crater, and while exploring it twice made 
very narrow escapes, once from suffocation by poisonous 
gases, and, again, by walking on a lake of partially 
cooled and hardened lava which suddenly started into 
renewed activity. The escape was accomplished in both 
instances by a rapid and trying run. 

Doctor Kennedy resigned from the Service at the 
close of the War, but re-entered it a year or two later. 
In 1880 he was promoted to the post of Medical Inspector 
with the relative rank of Commander in the Navy and 
Lieutenant Colonel in the Army. He remained in the 
Service until 1882. After this he lived at Annapolis, 
where he practised his profession until 1897, when he, 
with his family, removed to Warrenton, \^irginia, where 
they have since resided. 

Children (by first wife) : 

34 i Fanny Howell Hughes, married William 

Maurice Manly, 
(by second wife) : 

i Anthony K., born at the "Cave," April 22, 1873 ; 
married Sept. 8, 1897, by the Rev. William 
Mumford, and the Rev. Mr. Hall Harrison 
Ellen, daughter of Rev. William Mumford. She 
died Dec. 29, 1909. 
ii Mary Willoughby, born in Norfolk, Va., Feb. 
28, 1875. 

35 iii Margaret Hughes, married Arthur Merwin 


36 iv Agnes Gray, married Dr. William Beverley 


34 Fanny Howell Hughes^^ Kennedy (Stephen 
Dandridge^^, Anthony^*, John^^, John^^, Thomas^\ 

Gilbert^*^, Gilbert^, Gilbert^, Lord Kennedy and 
fourth Earl of Cassillis, Gilbert^, the third Earl, Gilbert^, 
the second Earl, David^, the first Earl, John*, Lord 
Kennedy, Gilbert", Lord Kennedy, Sir James-, Sir Gil- 
bert^) was born October 9, 1864. She married, June 
10, 1886, William Maurice Manly, son of Matthias E. 
and Sarah (Simson) Manly, of Newburn, North Caro- 
lina. She died July 20, 1894. Mr. Manly married, 
second, in 1902, Mathilde L., daughter of William and 
Sarah (Brent) Keyser, of Baltimore, by whom he had 
a son, William Keyser Manly, and a daughter. 


Christopher Hughes Manly, born March 29, 1888; 

member of the Order of the Cincinnati, eligibility for 

which he inherited from his uncle, Lewis Howell. 

35 Margaret Hughes^^ Kennedy (Stephen Dan- 
dridge^^, Anthony^'^, John^", John^-, Thomas^S Gilbert^^, 
Gilbert^, Gilbert^, Lord Kennedy and fourth Earl of 
Cassillis, Gilbert^, the third Earl, Gilbert*^, the second 
Earl, David^, the first Earl, John*, Lord Kennedy, Gil- 
bert^, Lord Kennedy, Sir James-, Sir Gilbert^) was born 
in Charlestown, Jefferson County, Virginia, July 17, 
1877. She married, June 9, 1900, Arthur Merwin Ross, 
son of Albert and Alice (Brewer) Ross (see Ross Fam- 
ily, Number 3). They were married at Cassillis, Fau- 
quier County, Virginia, by the Reverend Joseph P. 
Children : 
i Arthur Merwin Ross", born May 28, 1901; lived 
twenty-four hours. 

ii Margaret Selden Kennedy Ross, born at Cassillis, 
Virginia, Sept. 30, 1902. 

36 Agnes Gray^" Kennedy (Stephen Dandridge^^ 
Anthony^^ John^^ John^-, Thomas^\ Gilbert^^ Gilbert^ 
Gilbert*^, Lord Kennedy and fourth Earl of Cassillis, 
Gilbert^ the third Earl, Gilbert*^, the second Earl, David^, 
the first Earl, John*, Lord Kennedy, Gilbert^ Lord Ken- 
nedy, Sir James^', Sir Gilbert^) was born at the Navy 
Yard, Portsmouth, Virginia, December 4, 1881. She 
married, August 39, 1907, Doctor William Beverley 
Mason of Marshall, Virginia, son of John Stevens and 
Eliza (Beverley) Mason. They were married at St. 
James' Church, Warrenton, Virginia (see Mason Family, 
No. 10). 


William Beverley Mason, born in Washington, D. C., 
Monday, July 13, 1908, at 2 :30 p. m. 

37 Rev. Gilbert^i Kennedy (Gilbert^«, Gilbert^ 
Gilbert^, Lord Kennedy and fourth Earl of Cassillis, 
Gilbert^ the third Earl, Gilbert", the second Earl, David^, 
the first Earl, John'*,, Lord Kennedy, Gilbert^, Lord 
Kennedy, Sir James-, Sir Gilbert^) was a Presbyterian 
minister, at Girvan, in Ayrshire, in 1651. 

Reid's History of the Presbyterian Church in Ireland, 
Volume II, page 300; and Volume III, pages 168, 177, 
193, 278, and 357, refer to him and one of his grandsons, 
as follows : 

"In 1662 the Reverend Gilbert Kennedy, who had been 
ordained as a minister of Gervan in Ayrshire in 1651, 
was ejected from that Parish and came to Ireland about 
1668. He settled in Dundonald, after the death of Mr. 
Peebles, and died in that charge, February 6, 1687-88. 
He was brother to the Rev. Thomas Kennedy of Don- 
oughmore and Carlan in Tyrone, and grandfather to the 

Rev. Gilbert Kennedy, minister successively of Lisburn, 
Killileagh and Belfast, who died 1773." 

'In 1744 when the second congregation of Belfast 
became vacant by the death of the Rev. Kirkpatrick, the 
Rev. Gilbert Kennedy became his successor." 


38 Gilbert, a Presbyterian minister. 

38 Rev. Gilbert^- Kennedy (Gilbert'\ Gilbert'^ 
Gilbert^ Gilbert^ Lord Kennedy and fourth Earl of 
Cassillis, Gilbert^ the third Earl, Gilbert^ the second 
Earl, David^ the first Earl, John\ Lord Kennedy, Gil- 
bert^, Lord Kennedy, Sir James^ Sir Gilbert^) was 
minister of Donaclony or Tullylish, and afterward dis- 
tinguished himself as a writer on behalf of subscrip- 
tions. He was elected moderator in 1720. He had three 
sons and one daughter, who all emigrated to America. 

i Gilbert, ordained a Presbyterian minister in 

1704; emigrated to America in 1730. 
ii Robert, ordained a Presbyterian minister in 
1704; emigrated to America in 1730. 

39 iii WilHam, born in Londonderry, in 1695; or- 

dained a Presbyterian minister in 1704; married 
Mary or Marian Henderson; emigrated to 
America in 1730. 
iv Katharine, married William Tennant, an Epis- 
copal clergyman, who afterward became a Pres- 
byterian minister; he came to America in 1716, 
and built the Log College, in Bucks County, 
Pennsylvania, the only place, outside of New 
England, where a classical theological educa- 
tion could be obtained at that date. 

39 Rev. William^- Kennedy (Gilbert^\ Gilbert^", 
Gilbert^ Gilbert^ Lord Kennedy and fourth Earl of 
Cassillis, Gilbert', the third Earl, Gilbert^ the second 
Earl, David^ the first Earl, John^ Lord Kennedy, Gil- 
bert^ Lord Kennedy, Sir James-, Sir Gilbert^) was born 
in Londonderry, in the north of Ireland, in 1685. He 
was ordained a minister in 1704, and emigrated to Ameri- 
ca in 1730, and settled in Bucks County, Pennsylvania. 
His wife was Mary or Marian Henderson. His death 
occurred in 1777, and he was buried in this country. 
He and his wife have numerous descendants, but the 
genealogy has not been carried beyond his grandson in 
this volume. 
Children : 

i Thomas, born in 1729; married Janet ; 

no issue; died January 24, 1794. 
40 ii James, born in 1730, in Bucks County, Penn- 
sylvania; married, first, Jane Maxwell, second, 
Jane McCalla or McCauly. 
iii Robert, born in 1733. 
iv John, 
v Lucy, 
vi Mary, 
vii Rebecca Jane, unmarried. 

40 James^^ Kennedy (William^-, Gilbert'\ Gil- 
bert'^ Gilbert^, Gilbert^ Lord Kennedy and fourth Earl 
of Cassillis, Gilbert^ the third Earl, Gilbert^, the second 
Earl, David^ the first Earl, John^ Lord Kennedy, Gil- 
bert^ Lord Kennedy, Sir James-, Sir Gilbert^) was born 
in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, in 1730. He married, 
first, in 17G1, Jane Maxwell, sister of General Maxwell of 
the Revolutionary Army. She died September 7, 1784. 

He married, second, Jane McCalla or McCauly, by whom 
he had no children. James Kennedy and his second wife 
died on the same day, October 7, 1799, and were buried 
in the same grave. 

Son (by first wife) : 

John, had twelve children.