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Full text of "Kilbarchan; a parish history"

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941.41019 
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1369780 



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GENEAL.OGY COLLECTION 



3 1833 00730 2224 



Kilbarchan : a Parish History 



KILBAKCHAN OLD PAJi/SH CHCHCII 

Villi- iioi/e.'. 132-S, :i74-S- 



KILBARCHAN 



A PARISH HISTORY 



Rev. Robert D. Mackenzie, b.d. 



Minister of the Parish 




PAISLEY: ALEXANDER GARDNER 
Ipub[l6bcc to Ibcr late /iRajestg Queen Ulctocia 



1369780 



VIRO 

QUEM INDIGEXAM CIYEM HEEITOREM INCOLAE HUJUS PAROCHIAE 

HONESTA CUM SUPERBIA SUUM VINDICANT 

Quo IN RETINENDIS OMNIBUS OFFICIIS RERUM DIVINARUM DILI- 

GENTIOREM PIETATE ET LIBERALITATE PRAESTANTIOREM 

NEMINEM FILIUM FOVERE POTEST ECCLESIA ScOTTICA 

CUJUS SINE CONSILIO ATQUE IMPULSU NUNQUAM FUISSET SUS- 

CEPTUM SINE AUXILIO PRAESENTI NUNQUAM CONFECTUM 

ROBERTO CARRUTH 
Armigero Callochantensi 

HOG OPUS DEDICATUR 



PREFACE 



Though the present work is largely historical, it is not without mis- 
givings that I have ventured to describe it as a History. It is 
questionable, indeed, whether any Parish can of itself furnish materials 
capable of being made into what can properly be called a History, though 
there are doubtless Parishes, the records of which supply valuable 
historical material ; for, according to Mr. Palgrave, the results of genea- 
logical inquiry and local topographical investigation are amongst the best 
materials the historian can use, and the fortunes and changes of one 
family, or the events of an upland township, may shed light on the 
darkest and most dubious portions of the annals of a realm. 

For writing History it appears to be a necessary condition that the 
subject be integral, with boundaries well defined, subjectively or ob- 
jectively. From this essential integral quality it follows, — -first, that the 
subject moves as a whole relatively to what is outside of it, and is afiected 
as a whole by external influences ; and aecondly, that each period of its 
story follows from, and is largely explained by, its predecessor. 

The fundamental condition is not fulfilled in the case of a Parish, the 
boundaries of which are conventional and arbitrary ; consequently the 
effect upon it of outside influences is partial and irregular, and each 
period in its story must appeal for an explanation to forces which have 
arisen and events which have occurred entirely outside of its boundaries. 

It may, however, be claimed for each parish, that it has contributed 
its share, indistinguishable it may be, to the history of the country of 
which it is a part, and that it has seldom failed to make some response, 
in the lives of its men and women, to movements and crises which are in 
the truest sense historical. 

Perhaps the chief recommendation of a Parish Histoiy is that it 
arrays the political events of other days in a guise in which they can 



scarcely fail to intei'est and attract. The Reformation, the Restoration, 
the Revolution — what are they to many but names recalling the irksome 
tasks of their school-days ? The strongest inducement to study anew 
these crises, jDregnant in consequences not yet exhausted, is offered when 
it is shown how they affected the lives of the men and women who lived 
amidst the natural surroundings which are familiar and homelike to us 
to-day, and how they caused the deepest anxieties, or produced feelings 
of relief and freedom, in the minds of those whose descendants we are. 

The following pages contain a good deal about Kilbarchan, though 
perhaps not all that should have been written, and certainly not all that 
might be written. To produce a perfect work one would require to have 
access to family papers, a privilege not granted to me, to make a search 
absolutely exhaustive, which circumstances precluded, to be gifted with 
an instinct for making the best selections, which is rare, and to be 
possessed of the skill of long experience to direct the piecing of the 
fragments together. Yet after a reduction is made under each of these 
heads, I may be permitted to express the hope that the book Avill be 
found to contain a fair selection of the events of which Kilbarchan was 
the theatre, and that in it has been brought together much that could be 
found otherwise only by a prolonged and patient search through many 
volumes. 

Amongst those to whom my grateful acknowledgments are due, for 
the assistance they have rendered, are : — the Rev. Dr. Metcalfe, whose 
learning and taste make his advice as valuable as his urbanity and 
patience render his criticism welcome ; Mr. J. Barclay Murdoch of 
Capelrig, who kindly read the first chapter in manuscript, and who, I 
believe, generally approA^es of what is \A'ritten there ; Mr. Horatius 
Bonar, W.S.,' to whom I owe the information regarding the Knoxes and 
Ranfurly ; Dr. Alexander Macbain, Inverness, and my uncle, the Rev. 
Mr. Dunbar, Weem, who read in manuscrijjt my chapter on Place-names, 
and made several suggestions, though they are not to be held as approving 

1 It is due to Mr. Bonar to state that though he helped me largely with information, I have 
not presented it in the form in which he supplied it ; his corrections may be found in Appendix 
II., p. 292. 



PREFACE. !>;• 

of all the explanations oflfered ; and my life-long friend, Dr. George 
Soutar, Helensburgh, who has read nearly all the revised proofs. 

I have also to express my thanks for documents lent or information 
received to the following :— The Lairds of Craigends and of Johnstone, and 
Colonel Cuninghame of Belmont (whose ancestors, by the way, made a 
good deal of Kilbarchan History), Mr. Macdowall of Garthland, Mr. 
Shand Harvey of Castle Semple, Mr. Speir of Blackstone, Mr. Carruth of 
Callochant, Mr. Craig of Monkland, Mr. Holmes of Gladstone, Mr. James 
Caldwell, Paisley ; Mr. O. G. MacGregor, Church Street ; the late Mr. 
Peter Lyle ; Mr. John Barbour, High Barholm ; Mr. James Speirs, Low 
Barholm; Mr. Matthew Love, High Barholm ; the late Mr. Glegg ; Mr. 
Walter Williamson, Beith ; Mr. Boyd Anderson ; Mr. John Boyd, Low 
Barholm; Mr. Andrew Purdon ; Mr. William Gilmour ; Mi-. Daniel 
Brown ; Mr. Kerr, Greenock ; Mr. Macfarlane, Elderslie ; Mr. Renwick, 
Glasgow City Chambers ; Mr. Maitland Anderson, St. Andrews Univer- 
sity ; Professor Bernard, T.C.D. ; Dr. Douglas Hyde, Dubhn ; Professor 
Anwyl, Oxford ; Mr. John H. Romanes, W.S. ; Mr. Grant, Lyon Office ; 
Mr. Taylor, Paisley Museum ; Rev. William Davidson, St. Margaret's, 
Johnstone ; Canon O'Hanlon, Dublin ; Rev. Adam Wilson ; Rev. Thomas 
Carruthers, and (in the words of old charters) many others. 

For the illustrations I am indebted to the following ladies and 
gentlemen : — Mrs. Agnew, Warriston House, Edinburgh ; Miss Mary M. 
Joly, Clonbologue, Co. Kildare ; Miss Stevenson, Wardend ; Miss Anna L. 
Williamson, Beith ; Mr. Bonar, Mr. A. W. Finlayson, Mr. James Howie, 
and Mr. James Mann. The Coats of Arms in the Old Church were 
drawn by my sister. Miss A. D. MacKenzie, who changed the tinctures 
into the conventional black and white symbols, and they were afterwards 
photographed by Mr. James Howie; and the Plan of Old Kilbarchan was 
prepared by Mr. W. H. Howie, Architect. 

With regard to the extraordinary variety displayed throughout tlie 
book in the spelling of the names of persons and places, it may be 
explained that, not wishing to incur the responsibility of helping to 
stereotype any form, I have usually employed that found in the source 
from which my information on that special point has been drawn. 

Kilbarchan, May, 1902. 



CONTENTS. 



PAGE 

CHAPTER I. — Bou.vDAEiEs of Kilbarchan and Geological 

Record, ... ... ... ... ... ... 1 

Basis on which the Division into Parishes proceeds — Earliest mention of the PARISH OF 
KILBARCHAN — Its shape and extent — The South-East boundary — the North boundary — 
Houston cis GryfFe — The West boundary — Lochwinnoch cis St. Bride's Burn — Acreage — 
AYhere the oldest Records are to be found — Scientific division of Kilbarchan — Natural agents 
which have been at work here : Eruptive Rock — Clochoderick stone — Volcanic ash : Intru- 
sive Rock— The Barrhill— Dyke near Riverees : Sedimentary Rock— Bore at Linwood— 
Indications of drift in early seas : Glacier action — Where glacier scratches may be looked 
for — Production and deposition of tiU — Twenty fathoms of Glacier deposit — Vale of Kilbarchan 
the bed of an ice stream : A river which has reversed its current — Earth movements and their 
result— Old sea beach at W. Fulton— B-jre here : Alluvium- Maxwell's Theory of Mosses : 
Zeolites at Pinuel Brae— Petrifying well at Locher Mill. 

CHAPTER 11— The Saints of Kilbarchan, ... ... 11 

Explanation of KILBARCHAN — How a church was founded — Many Saints with names 
similar to Barchan — How our Barchan may be identified — Citation of calendars — 
Drummond calendar — Martyrology of Donegal — Felire of Ollngus — Gorman's Martyrology — 
Conflicting views — Bishop Forbes — Martyrology of Tallagh — Camerarius — Opinions of 
Cosmo Innes, Dr. Reeves, etc. — Possible meaning of "Barchan" — Pedigree of Bearchan 
— "The man of two parts" — Prophetic fragments — Felire of CEngus quoted — His church, 
cairn, and well at Clonsast— O'Donovan at Clonsast in 1837— Clonsast in 1900— Colgan's 
Birchanus — "Church of tlie Four Illustrious " — Ara's Isle — Archbishop Ussher quoted — 
When did Barchan live ? — His fame as a prophet — His cryptic prophecies — History as 
prophecy— What it is possible that Barchan did write.— St. Mary, the Virgin — Her altar 
in KIL-barchan — St. Catharine's Chapel — The Saint's festival— Probable reason for this 
Saint being chosen— Her learning— Missionary success— Persecution and death— Popularity 
in Europe— Patroness of schools— Monastery on Mount Sinai visited by Kilbarchan ladies- 
Other St. Catharines— St. Bridget- Birth and early consecration— Miracles— Connection 
with St. Patrick— Her death— St. Marnock— Possible connection with Kilbarchan— His 
fame — A Relic and its uses — Places where his memory was celebrated. 

CHAPTER III. — Kilbarchan in Roman Catholic Times, ... 28 

Influence OF Paisley Abbey— Earliest notice of Kilbarchan— Walter, son of Alan— Infeudatiou 
of Renfrewshire — Former condition of the County — Vassal knights— -Monasticism as a civili- 
zer- The carriicate between the Cart and the Gryflfe— Where does the Gryfle end ?— A 
church as a gift — Rectorial tithes — Vicarage tithes — Fees — Manse, garden, and glebe — 
Clerical outlay — The impersonal i>arsnn — Penuld or Fulton — A substantial pious gift — 
Ancient boundaries still traceable— Master Antony, the Pliysician, and his fee— Thomas, 



xii. CONTENTS. 

son of Nicolas — Hugo, son of Reginald — Achinclioss — Thomas of Fulton and Matilda his 
wife — The monastery in debt — William Urri — Goldfridiis of Nesbit — Fishing on the Cart — 
Kilbarchan tenants in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. Influence of the Collegiate 
Church of Sempill — What is a Collegiate Church? — Secondary education four centuries 
ago — dedication — The fourth chaplain — Upper Pennale — Robert Reid's house — East and 
West Bryntschelis — The ffth chaplain — Nethir Pennale and the mill thereof — Musical 
education — Kilbarclian Parish Clerkship provides bursaries — East Welland (or Weitland) — 
St. Bryde's Chapel — Meaning of the ' Chapel of Nethir Pennale ' — Once the Church's always 
the Church's. Church Offices and Officials in Kilbarchvn— T/ie Ficaj-ajfe— Kilbar- 
chan vicars — Slender salaries — The Dean's visits — Master John of Kilberhan — Roger of 
Kilberchan — Finlay of Clochoderick (?) — Important mission for the vicar — James Shaw — 
Henry Moss — John MacQueen — Tenants on the Church lands — The Chaplaincy of l<f. 
Catharine's— The foundation charter— The last chaplain— TAe Parish Clerkship— The office 
— Depletion of its endowment — St. Bride's Chapel — The chapel at Prieston. 

CHAPTER IV. — Kilbarchan after the 1\eform.a.tion, 1567-1646, 51 

Date of the Reformation, 1560 or 1507 — Lack of responsible clergy — Readers — Salaries — What 
became of the wealth of the old Church — The Abbey lands — The Kirk lands — The chaplaincy 
of St. Katharine's — Claud Hamilton's Kilbarchan possessions — Provision for minister or 
rector — Vicars, John Cvvynynghame, Gawyn Harniniltoun — Readers, Watsoun, Cnnynghame, 
Cwik, Crawford — Ministers, Fleming, Levingstonn, Bell, Stirling, Hamilton — The Vicar acts 
as Reader — The jogges and lynnen clothes — John Knox of Ranferly profanes the Sabbath — 
Slays his uncle — Robert Cochran's aggravated assault — Holiday makers and their penalty — 
Pypeirs and daunceris — Withstanding a presentee — The Presbytery's Act — Mr. Hamilton 
defies the Presbytery — Professes penitence and gives proof thereof — .Absentees frura the 
Communion — Noble papists — The Presbytery encourages the Minister to persevere — Sabbath 
breakers — What Presbytery aocomplislied — Value of Church discipline — A minister who needed 
a bishop. 

CHAPTER V. — The Stirlings and their Time — Latter Half 

OF THE Seventeenth Century,... ... ... ... 68 

Jambs Glendinning — Locvm ttnens 1646-9— His early career— Unsuccessful ettbi ts to get him 
presented — His philanthropy — His continued interest in Kilbarchan — John Stirling, 1649- 
62, 1672-83 — A clerical family — His brothers — "The holy groaner " — James Stirling, author 
of JVa/j/ita?i— Hiding the Presbytery Records— John's conversion and early difficulties— His 
nurse and foster-father — His capabilities — Trials for license — Good advice — Procedure at an 
ordination 250 years ago — Kilbarchan New Manse — Disciplining Engagers — Charmers and war- 
locks — The minister as a recruiting officer — A war fund long ago — A too candid parishioner — 
How to deal with papists— Keeping Yule at Castle Sempill— The ecclesiastical boycott- 
Ministers kept busy — Fasts — Parishioners of less than no repute — Satan's revenge — Week-day 
and hall preaching — How the Restoration afl'ected Kilbarchan — Mr. Stirling as an " outed " 
minister, 1662-72 — A spirited minister's wife — Mr. Stirling as an '" indulged " minister, 1672-8S 
— His colleague — Loss of popularity — Conventicles as rivals to church services — Confusion in 
discipline cases— Lawburrows— The Highland Host in Kilbarchan— A bland minister— Por- 
tentous noise in churches— An obstinate schoolmaster— John Stirling's last day's work— His 
illness and death— Appreciations— James Stirling's incumbency, 1688-99— His early piety- 
License, call and ordination — The meeting-house and the church — Mr. Stirling's missions — 
Calls to Aberdeen and Barony (Glasgow) — Deforcing the Presbytery officer — Provision for a 
schoolmaster— Sons of Kilbarchan Manse in liigh places— Who preached to Rob Roy ?— 
Portents, and how they were interpreted — The Stirling legacies. 



CONTEXTS. xm. 

CHAPTER VI.— The Corates in Ktlbarchan, ... ... 9& 

Sottish Episcopacy as by law established- The Curates— Their Church service— David Pierson 
Visitation of Kilbarchan— A rejected elder— Provision for a schoolmaster— Refusing to be an 
elder— Throwing snowballs into the Church— A Kilbarchan lady at Houston Church— Un- 
baptised Children— A breach of promise- An unbridled tongue— Lord Sempil again to be 
interviewed— Charities— Tlie unlicensed chaplain at Johnstone— A faithful curate— Archibald 
Wilson— His session— Preparing for a Communion — Reformation of Kilbarchan morals and 
manners- The minister sued by a maid-servant— Contemporary political events— Kilbarchan 
Presbyterian Meeting House— Rabbling the Curates. 

CHAPTER VIT.— A Kilbarchax Gentleman of the Seven- 
teenth Century — William Cdninghame, Younger, of 
Craigends, ... ... ■•• ••• ••• ■•• 1^^ 



Church and State difficulties of the time— Domestic arrangements- The value of reticence— 
The heir's provision— Boarding with a mother and with a mother-in-law— Cost of living in 
Edinburgh- Gentleman's gentlemen— Lady's ladies— Farm rents— A moonlight flitting— 
Horse-couping— The loupin-on-stane at Robert King's house-end— Ne'ear days in 1674-5— 
How to treat a stepson— Lucky schoolboys— Needy relatives— Our minister's son— A Kil- 
barchan poet in extremity— The Kirk plate— Outed ministers— Parish poor— Beggars with 
a testimonial— Beggars at the gate-Beggars at the Kirk door— Drink-money— A Presby- 
terian's relaxations— Prognostications— The study at Craigends and its books— Quartering tlie 
Highland Host— A landlord's cares and responsibilities— Funeral garments, church stools, 
servants' guilds, s/iot«es— Departing footsteps. 

CHAPTER Vni.— The Poll Tax Roll— 1695, ... ... 118 

Purpose of the Tax— Its gradation and incidence— Roll for Kilbarchane Parochine— Notes on 
the Hows of Damptouu, the Hairs of Nethir Pennell, the Craigs of Monkland, and the Youngs 
of Weitlands— The Cochrane Succession Case— The Semples of Middletou. 

CHAPTER IX.— Kilbarchan during the Eighteenth Century 
—Ecclesiastical and Educational Affairs and the Pro- 
vision FOR the Poor, ... ... ... •■• ... 144 

Parish ministers in the eighteenth century-Johnslone— Warner, the agriculturist— Maxwell, 
contributor to the Old Statistical Account— The Secession Congregation at Burntsliiels— The 
Burgher Kirk and its ministers— M'Cara— Lindsay— Wylie— Relief congregation at Kilbar- 
chan— The Church and its first minister, John Maclaren— A new parish church at Kilbarchan 
—Two classes of heritors-A new manse— Latin inscriptions— EDUCATioNAL-Schools and 
schoolmasters- Tenent— Cowie, the recalcitrant— Reid, the unencouraged— Michael Garner— 
Simson— Ferguson-Manson-The school of 1751-Rebuilt in 1782— School at Burntshiels- 
Hallam— Portertield, the cobbler— The Poor— How the Session provided for them— A badge 
given to the deserving— Great number of beggars— Kirk Session finance— Income and expendi- 
ture, 1742 and 1769— Educating the children of the poor— Liberal-minded charity— Variety of 
charitable schemes-Sources of Kirk Session's income-The kirk plate— Banking business and 
leaacies-Boydsyard-Mortcloths— Confiscation and booking money— Irregular marriages- 
Other sources of income-Pew rents-Provision for Poor after 1785-Asses8ment-THB CoM- 
MONiOK- Privy censures and collections— Putting up the tent— Casting tokens— Burntshiels 
communions. 



xiv. CONTENTS. 

CHAPTER X. — Industrial and Social Condition of Kilbarchan 

IN THE Eighteenth Century, ... ... ... ...171 

Population — Great increase during the eighteenth century — Distribution of the population be- 
tween the village and the country — Industries — Agriculture on the lower and on the higher 
ground — Rotation of crops — Cattle and horses — Mills and tliirlage — Weaving and weavers' 
earnings a century ago — Cotton Mills at Bridge of Weir, Linwood and Kilbarchan — Bleaching 
— Mining — Waulk-and Lint-Mills — Linen-and cotton-thread — Candle-making — Brewing — 
Tobacco-growing — Fairs and Amusements — Lily's and Barchan's Days — Procession at the 
Slimmer Fair — Quarrelsome gentlemen — A subscription race — Jockeying at the Kilbarchan 
Races — " Courtiu' Monday" — The game of bullets — Recruiting and Esugraiion — Kilbarchan 
deserters — Living, Dress and Manners — Increasing politeness — Pickery— Thigging curses 
— Hame-sucken — Poaching — Societies — Farmer Society — General Society — Weaver Society — 
Masonic Lodge. 

CHAPTER XL — Kilbarchan Baronies and the Family His- 
tories OF the Barons, ... ... ... ... 187 

Cuninghame of Craigends — Connection with the Earl of Glencairn — The Shake-Fork — Legends 
and Theories — Pedigree 1100-1418 a.d. — Cuninghame-Montgomerie feud — Slaughter of the 
second Laird — Gabriel, who fell at Pinkie — The fifth Laird's public appointments — The 
Mayoralty of fees and Coronership — A Divinity Professor at Craigends — Craigends, the 
Diarist, in the Edinburgh Tolbooth — Members of Parliament — Subsequent lairds : Ckaufurd 
OP Auchinames — Connection with the Earl of Loudoun — The two lances in Saltire — Founda- 
tion of St. Katharine's Chapel — Robert, who fell at Flodden — The seventh Laird as a neigh- 
bour — Gadgirth as a tulchan — The last will and testament of Lady Auchinames — A mariage de 
convenance — The sixteenth Laird sells Auchinames — Subsequent history : Sempill of Castle 
Sempill — Connection with Kilbarchan — The nine Sempills of Elliestoun — Foundation of the 
Collegiate Church of Sempill — The Baronies of Craginfeauch and of Sempill — The Great Lord 
Sempill — His part in the Cuninghame-Montgomerie feud — The siege of Castle Sempill — The 
romantic career of Colonel William Sempill — Sale of the Sheriffdom — Sale of the Lordship of 
Castle Sempill — The twelfth lord at CuUoden — Subsequent history. 

CHAPTER Xn. — Historical Families Connected with Kil- 
barchan, ... ... ... ... ... ... 223 

Knox of Kanfurly [1440-1006] and Knox of Selvieland [1320- 1627J— Sempill of Beltrees and 
Thirdpart [1558-1810]— Houstoun of Johnstone [1615-1733J— Napier of Blackstoun [1650?- 
1843]— Macdowall of Castle Semple and Carruth [I7li7- J— Napier of Milliken [1733-1886] 
—Harvey of Castle Semple [1810 ?- ]— Captain Stirling of Glentyan [1817-72]— Speir of 
Blackstoun [1843- ]. 

CHAPTER Xni.— Places and Place Names, ... ... 243 

Earliest inhabitants of Strathclyde — The Damnonii — Celtic Kingdom of Strathclyde — Gaelic 
becomes the vernacular — English influences after 1057 — Classification of Place Names — 
Phonetic decay — Hybrid derivations defended — Alphabetical list of names and possible 
explanations — The Barbours of Auchinames and of Law — The Semples of Cartside — The 
Wallaces of Johnstone — Proprietors of Penneld — Ranfurly, its divisions, Castle, and 
antiquities — The Speirs of Wardhouse — The Montgomeries of Weitlands. 



CONTENTS. XV. 

CHAPTER XIV.— Odds and Ends,... ... ... ... 266 

The Clergy of Kilbarchan— Lay Office-bearers in the Parish Church — Note on the Parish Church 
— Quoad Sacra Parishes — Extracts from Craufurd's Protocol Book — Note on Town-foot — 
Chartism in Kilbarchan — Poets and Men of Note — Present-day Kilbarchan. 

APPENDIX I— Rental of Mbs. Napier's Estate of Kil- 
barchan, ... ... ... ... 285 

XL— Additional Notes on Ranfurly, by Mr. 

HORATIUS BONAR, W.S., ... ... 292 

,, III. — The Descendants of Bailie Barbour, ... 293 
INDEX, 295 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 



Kilbarchan Old Pakish Church, ---_-__ Frontisjnece 
Ruins of St. Berchan's Church, ------ To face pci^e 17 

St. Berchan's Stone, Cairn, and Thorn, ------„ 25 

Tejii'ull an Cheathrair Aluinn, i.e.. Church of the Four Illustrious, „ 33 
Specimen Page of MANuscRipr of One of St. Berchan's Prophecies, „ 33 

Penuld or Penwold, --------- ^^ 41 

Blackstone, -----------„ 41 

Kilbarchan Cro.ss and Steeple, -------„ 8& 

Old and New Parish Churches, ------- ^^ 89 

Old House of Craigends, - - - - - - - - ,,193 

Craigends, -----.--.-_ ^^ 193 

Merchiston, -----------„ 145 

Panoramic View of Kilbarchan, - - - - - - - ,,145 

Ruins of Ranfurly Castle, - - - - - - - - ,,257 

Heraldic Shields in Kilbarchan Old Parish Church, - - - „ 265 
Talismanic Brooch and Ring, --------,, 2(55 

Habbie Slmpson (from an Old Paint'in"), - - - - - - ,,281 

MAPS AND PLANS. 

Map of Kilbarchan, .---.._, y^ face page 1 

Ground Plan of Ranfurly Castle, ------ ^^ 261 

Plan of Town-foot of Kilbarchan, ...-.- 273 



MAP OF KFLBARCHAN 



KILBARCHAN. 



CHAPTER I. 
Boundaries of Kilbarchan and Geological Record. 

The physical construction of any country is no small part of its history ; it is the key to not a little 
in the political destiny of the land and its folk. 

— E. A. Freeman's Methods of Historical Survey. 

Bases on which tlie Division into Parishes proceeds— Earliest mention of the PARISH OF 
KILBAROH.A.N^Its shape and extent— The South-East boundary— the North boundary- 
Houston cis GryfFe — The West boundary — Lochwinnoch cis St. Bride's Burn — Acreage — 
Where the oldest Records are to be found — Scientific division of Kilbarchan — Natural agents 
which have been at work here : Eruptive Rock — Clochoderick stone — Volcanic ash : Intktj- 
SIVE Rock — The Barrhill — Dyke near Riverees : Sedimentary Rock — Bore at Linwood — 
Indications of drift in early seas : Glacier action— Where glacier scratches may lie looked 
for — Production and deposition of till — Twenty fathoms of Glacier deposit — Vale of Kilbarchan 
the bed of an ice stream : A river which has reversed its current — Earth movements and their 
result — Old sea beach at W. Fulton — Bore here ; Alluvium — Maxwell's Theory of Mosses ; 
Zeolites at Pinnel Brae — Petrifying well at Locher Mill. 

The division of Scotland into parislies seems neither to have taken place 
at the same period throughout the country'-, nor to liave been made on a 
uniform basis. Though the division was made in the first instance for 
ecclesiastical convenience only, it yet proceeded by taking largely into 
account the proprietorship of land ; sometimes the lands owned by one 
proprietor and containing a baptismal church were recognised as a Parish, 
and sometimes the lands of two or three proprietors were taken together 
for the purpose. It is therefore likely that old landowners' marches 
generally determine parish boundaries. 

Tlie earliest mention of the Parish of Kilbarchan, so far as we have 
been able to discovex", occurs in a charter of " Robert Ciaufurd of Auchin- 
names," recorded Feb. 23, 1483-4, by which he concedes to his son James 
" the lands of Auchinnames, County of Renfrew, along with the patronage 
of the chapel of St. Katrine in the Parish of Kilbrachane." ' Whether 

'fi'eiy. Mag. Sij., A.D. 1125-1513, No. 1579. "Church of Kilberhan " occurs as early as 
1175-99 A.D., Rerj. de Pass., p. 109. 



2 KILBARCHAN. 

the boundaries of the Parish as then recognised corresponded with the 
boundaries we are about to indicate, we do not know ; possibly parish 
boundaries, often tinkered at for various purposes in recent times, were 
similarly dealt with long ago.' 

The Parish of Kilbarchan is in the middle of the County of Renfrew. 
In shape it suggests a triangle, though its sides are not straight lines. Its 
rounded apex lies to the East, its irregular base to the West, one side to the 
South-East, and another side to the North. It is about seven miles along 
its extreme length and about four miles along its base. The boundaries 
are partly natural and partly artificial — indeed the boundary, where it 
might quite well be natural, e.g. the course of a rivulet, is often rendered 
artificial by being not the stream itself, but a fence alongside which is 
sometimes on one side of the stream and sometimes on the other." 

TJie South-East side of the Kilbarchan triangle is defined by the 
Black Cart from its origin in Castle Semple Loch to its confluence with 
the Gryflfe below Blackstone. 

Tlie North side of the triangle is the Gryfte, from the point where 
the Carruth Burn enters it near Torr, until the Gryffe meets the Black 
Cart below Blackstone. A portion of Houston Parish, however, crosses 
the Gryflfe in the neighbourhood of Linwood Moss and cuts a rectangular 
notch out of Kilharchan on the North side. The reason of this may 
possibly be that Houstoun of Houston acquired rights to cast peats in 
Linwood Moss, and obtained land enough contiguous to his own, though 
across the water, to secure his access and for a drying ground. 

Tlie base of the triangle, a very irregular line, runs generally North 
and South. One-third of this base, from South to North, is formed by 
the St. Bride's Burn and the road alongside going from How wood to Kil- 
malcolm, the extreme points being the mouth of the burn and a point, X, 
on the road, half-way between Greenside Road end and How Barnaigh. 
Ano'Jier third of the base, from North to South, is formed by the Carruth 
Burn, from where it enters the Gryffe below Torr until a point where a 
branch of it crosses the road from Howwood to Kilmalcolm, near Barn- 
brock. The remainder of the base, lying between these two parts, con- 
sists of the boundaries of a triangular portion of Lochwinnoch which 



^ The Presbytery of Paisley were engaged in perambulating and settling the boundaries of 
Bonie of their parishes as late as 1689-90. 

^ A legal friend informs me that while the frontier landowners' march is the fence, if it has 
been accepted as such fur forty years, the real parish boundary is the hum. 



BOUNDARIES AND GEOLOGICAL RECORD. 3 

makes a deep notch in Kilbarchan at this point. One of the sides of 
this triangular notch is the Locher from Barnbrock until the point where 
a rivulet — which we shall indicate as Y — rising in Marshall Moor, falls 
into it at Lavvmarnoch Wood ; the other side is the rivulet Y and a fence 
which connects the point X with the source of this rivulet. This gusset 
of Lochwinnoch lying in to Kilbarchan on the West seems to result 
from the boundaries of the Paisley monks' lands of Moniabrock. In the 
charter by which Alan, son of Walter, makes these lands over to the 
Abbey (a.d. 1204) mention is made as a boundary of " a burn which runs 
below Craghenbroc, and goes down to Lughor ; " ' this Inu-n is probably 
that referred to above as Y. 

The superficial extent of Kilbarchan, quoad civilia, is 909S'421 acres. 

The oldest records of a parish are to be found, not in the charter 
chests of the local landed proprietors, nor in the chartulary of the neigh- 
bouring religious house, nor yet in the minute books of Presbytery or 
Kirk Session, but in the rocks and soils, the hills and dales which give to 
its landscapes their characteristic and pleasing variety. The rocky 
fragments piled up in majestic confusion on Marshall Moor, the limestone 
shivers still to be picked up at the old workings east of Bridge of Weir 
Railway Station, the terraces which break the monotony of our hilly 
ascents on the west, the rounded forms of some of the lower bills — have 
all tales to tell of startling changes, of conditions and forces, which were 
already all an old story when the first adventurer of human form pene- 
trated into the wilderness or forest which lay between the Black Cart 
and the Gryffe. 

If we consult the map published by the Geological Survey, we 
shall find that the Parish of Kilbarchan is divided into two parts, nearly 
equal, by a very irregidar line beginning where the Cart leaves Castle 
Semple Loch, and ending at a point on the Gryffe near Lint white Farm. 
Perhaps less clearly, still quite perceptibly, this important division of the 
Parish is marked on the surface of the ground. If we start from the 
point where the St. Bride's Burn enters tlie Loch of Castle Semple, and 
walk in a direction generally North-Easterly, keeping Drygate Farm on 
our left and Tliirdpart Hall on our right, and so on, between Faulds and 
Cartside, between Strathview and Tower House ; and then if, regardless 
of obstacles in the shape of houses and garden walls, we make for the 
New Street entrance to the Public Pai'k and continue our journey 

'Reg. de Pass., p. 13. 



4 KILBARCHAN. 

towards Gryfte, having Piiinel on our left and Waterstone on our right, 
we shall doubtless be conscious that all the time we are walking on or 
near the slope of a hill, its top to our left, its base to our right ; now this 
declivity corresponds very nearly with the dividing line in the geological 
niaj). The importance of this division lies in the fact that to our left, the 
West, the rock is volcanic, due to the cataclysmic influence of the earth's 
interior heat, and to our right, the East, the rocks are, with only two or 
three exceptions, sedimentary {e.g., limestone, sandstone, shale), that is, 
they have been laid down by the agency or in the presence of water. 
The district to the West of this irregular line, where the igneous rock 
abounds, is usually called the higher part of the parish, and that to the 
East, where the rock is sedimentary, the lower part. The three principal 
agents which form and sliape the crust of the earth — the volcano, the 
ocean, and the glacier — have left behind them in our neighbourhood 
records, silent but impressive, of agents and forces which have long ceased 
to be active and present here. 

The material wliiuh has gone to form the low iiills which occupy 
the HIGHER part of the Parish, is the lava flow from old volcanoes,^ 
the sites of which cannot now with certainty be determined. The lava, 
after leaving the crater, spread itself over the surface of the sur- 
rounding ground in layer after layer, and slowly cooling, formed the 
rocks which are to be seen in some places on the surface, but in 
other places are to be found only after digging through several feet of 
superincumbent gravel and clay. The successive layers of the lava flow 
cannot now be distinguished, or else no cutting has been made deep 
enough to get past the layer last laid down. The parts exposed, e.g., 
the rock faces at the Greenside and Waterstone Quarries, show an 
imperfectly columnar structure. The stones are not by any means 
all of the same appearance and texture, but they are all igneous ; e.g., 
the rock of which the Clochoderick Stone consists, is different from the rock 
in its immediate neighbourhood, but is the same as that not a mile 
distant — which points to this, that though all the rocks hereabout have 
had a similar origin, though they are the result of a similar agency, they 
may have been erupted at dift'ereiit times, and have perhaps been poured 
out from different " necks" or vents. This remarkable Stone, thought by 
some to have been set up by the Druids, and by others to have been 
carried hither by a glacier, is now believed to be the top of a buried lava 
cone rising through lavas of a different kind. 

One would of course expect that molten rock would produce a 



BOUNDARIES AND GEOLOGICAL KECOKD. & 

surface plain and flat, or at least only slightly ridged, an appearance, in 
sliort, very difterent from the abrupt clifts and large undulations which 
pi-evail in the igneous area. We have to remember however that since 
these solid beds of lava were laid down, various influences have been at 
work, all tending to modify and change the original shape and form of the 
surface, e.g., parts of the earth's surface which were once smooth have 
now become wrinkled and creased owing to shrinkage beneath the surface, 
just as the skin of a once smooth ajDple shows creases after it has been 
left to wizen. The rocks of this region are known generically as porpliyrite, 
melaphyre, cindesite. If we examine some pieces newly liroken and so 
showing a clean surface, we discover that the rock consists of minute 
crystals embedded in a kind of cement. 

Here and there through this area may be found scoricc or volcanic 
ash, otherise called tu/f. It may be looked for on the hillside immediately 
to the North of Drygate Farm, and extending in a bow-shaped strip 
from Kibblestone to Crossflat, and also to the West of Burntshields 
towards Marshall Moor ; it occurs also in several other nooks or pockets 
throughout the parish. This is a softer and more porous ruck, and con- 
sists of the fine grains of lava shot into the air during volcanic eruptions ; 
falling to the earth in showers, the ash once covered the whole surface of 
the ground. The grains have not always remained in a loose state like 
gravel or sand, but have sometimes become indurated or hardened into 
rock, in some cases by an admixture of some sort of sandy material. 

The rocks to which we have referred ai-e the product of volcanoes 
acting in the open air, and are called eruiitirc. 

Besides the eruptive rocks there are also to be found in the parish 
igneous rocks known as intru.'iirc. From the back of the Barholra 
extending northwards, and again on the old road to Johnstone, are 
two great masses of basalt rock occurring in tlie lower ground, and 
rendering it distinctly high. They owe their origin to the intrusion 
of lava flows. A long narrow dyke of the same origin and kind is found 
extending from Riverees to Inkerman, about a mile and a half in length. 
The lava in this case welled forth from the interior of the earth thrciugh 
some fissure or crack in the crust. These intrusions of lava tok place 
after the limestone, the sandstone, and the coal in the locality had already 
been laid down ; possibly the outpouring took place on the ocean floor, 
creating islands, or at least raising the bottom and shallowing the sea. 
At the old quarries at Springgrove and on the Barr Hill, the basalt or 
whin is found to overlie the sandstone and coal. This overlying whin is. 
intrusive lava of more recent date than the carboniferous strata. 



« KILBARCHAN. 

The rocks in the lower part of the parish — to tlie East of the line 
already indicated — are known as sedimentary ; they owe their origin to 
the presence of water, to the existence in fact of an old ocean, an arm of 
which once occupied this locality. The sandstone which may be found here 
is the sand of its bed solidified and hardened, partly by the presence of 
some connecting cement and partly by the pressure of superincumbent 
matter. The limestone is the product of the shells of pelagic creatures 
which lived in its waters. The coal and shale are the remains of old 
forests of moss-like trees which once grew on its shores. That part of 
the sea which occupied the lower part of Kilb arch an Parish seems to have 
been subject to many and various currents ; a bore shows that sometimes 
a great number of layers of varying and alternating materials succeed 
each other in the course of a few fathoms. This points to the fact that 
the influence at work to produce one layer was soon succeeded by a 
different influence or current depositing a different layer. Take, e.g., a 
bore at Linwood, of which the record is as follows : — 





Fm3. 


Ft. 


Id. 


Boulder clay, 


5 








Sandstone, 


4 








Darkblaes, 





r. 


] 


Black fakes, 





2 


1 


Black fakes and coal, 








10 


Dark fakes. 








6 


Soft brown sandstone. 





2 


10 


Grey fakes and coal. 








10 


Grey fakes. 





(t 


6 


White sandstone, ... 


1 


2 


5 



If sigiUaria or other plants of the coal periotl ever grew in Kilbar- 
chan, much of the coal deposits appears to have been washed away to 
other places, or perhaps the coal found in Kilbarchan originated elsewhere 
and was carried hither by ocean or other currents. 

The sandstone, the limestone, the ironstone, the co;il, and the shale, 
the deposits of this ancient ocean, have all been from time to time 
wrought in the parish. 

Records of the Ice Age — or to speak more pi'Operly, of the Ice 
Ages — are abundant in Kilbarchan. It appeals that on several occa- 
sions an Arctic climate prevailed in this country — one ice age being 
separated from another ice age by a period of temperate or tropical 
climate. The glacier or ice river, which can exist only in a climate 
nearly Arctic or Alpine, produced results of surpassing magnitude 



BOUNDARIES AND GEOLOGICAL RECORD. T 

on the surface of the country. Many of the features of the Kilbarchan 
landscapes are due to a glacier which flowed from North to South, from 
Argyllshire into Rentrewshire, across what is now the Clyde Valley. 
Somewhere near Duchal this glacier, or at least a branch of it, turned 
Eastwards, so that as it passed through Kilbarchan its course was from 
West to East. Certain groovings or scratchings to be seen on the rocks 
about Barniufilock, above Locher Print Field, near Glentyan, and at 
various other points — the generally smoothed and rounded forms of the 
hill tops and exposed rocks on the higher ground — the mounds and layers 
of till (clay containing ice worn boulders) to be found in the upper, but 
especially in the lower part of the Parish, are unmistakeable evidences of 
glacier action. By far the greater part of the loose material between the 
surface of the ground and the rock beneath, is due to the influence of ice 
rivers. They were not rapid in their flow — never exceeding twenty feet 
per day, and sometimes even less than two feet — but they did an enor- 
mous work, in grinding into the finest powder the rocky bed and sides of 
their channels — in carrying with them great quantities of clay, sand, 
gravel, stones^n transporting to great distances large masses of rock — ■ 
and then, especially at the point where they melted, in piling up great 
heaps of till. This glacier refuse or till is most in evidence in the 
lower part of the Parish, because there the ice melted (perhaps on 
meeting the temperate waters of the sea) and deposited its burden 
of stones, etc. Borings at Blackston, Middleton, Selvieland, and Linwood 
show from fourteen to twenty fathoms of mud, sandy clays, brown clays, 
blue clays, and till, which are mostly due to glacier action. The low hills 
about Kaimhill, the eminence on which Merchiston stands, and the rising 
ground at Kilbarchan Cemetery, are, generally speaking, composed of till 
or glacier deposit. Besides the great glacier, some branch or local glaciers 
also have left behind them traces of their action ; the dell above Todholes 
to the left of Haiilaw, the little vale in which Kilbai-chan Burn flows and 
in which, viewed from Cochrane Castle Golf Links, the main street of Kil- 
barchan seems so cosily to nestle, have all the appearance of liavlng been 
beds of ice rivers. 

The valley wbicli bounds Kilbarchan Parish on the South-East, 
and in which the Black Cart flows, has been made a subject of some 
interest by the attention directed to it by Dr. Thomas Geikie in his book, 
Tlie Great Ice Age. It seems that at one time it was occupied by a river 
flowing in the direction opposite to that in which the Black Cart now 
flows. The facts and arguments by which the author establishes this are 



8 KILBAKCHAN. 

too niiinei'ous and elaboi-ate to be done anything like justice to in this 
place. This much, however, may be mentioned ; during one of the glacial 
periods the Clyde flowed at a lower level than that at which it now flows, 
and the Scottish shore stretched further out to sea than at present ; a 
glacier then filled the depression now marked by Loch Lomond and the 
Vale of Leven, crossed the valley of the Clyde, and abutted on the 
opposite slope of the Kilbarchan hills. This glacier, at least at certain 
periods, dammed back the waters of the Clyde, which therefore formed a 
lake, the shores of which were tlie high grounds of Kilpatrick, Kilbar- 
chan, and Paisley. The mud, evidently a lacustrine deposit, to be found 
in borings made in the lower part of Kilbarchan is corroborative evidence 
of the existence of this lake. The waters of the Clyde, after filling up 
this basin, overflowed and found a way of escape in a direction generally 
South Westerly, by the valley now occupied by the channel of the Black 
Cart and by the lochs of Castle Semple and Kilbirnie, until it fell into 
the sea somewhere South of Ardrossan.'' This glacier probably belonged 
to a period antecedent to the glacier referred to on the preceding page. 

Tt has already been remarked that hills are sometimes the result 
of the wrinkling or creasing of the earth's surface owing to the con- 
traction of its interior. Similar earth movements have cau.sed also 
cracks or fissures. It seems that in obedience to .some stress, the 
layers of rock composing the earth's crust have been at some places 
broken vertically, and the broken edges, after moving relatively to each 
other, have come together again, but not exactly as they were before 
the fissure took place. The strata are no longer continuous but are dis- 
located. The consequence is that a miner, in following the course of 
some stratum of limestone or seam of coal, comes suddenly to a halt, 
with a wall of difierent rock before him, and has to prospect for his layer 
of workable material up nearer the surface or lower down than his old level. 
These dislocations, or faults, or ti-ouhles are so connnon in the lower part 
of the Parish as almost to form a network. In the higher ground there 
is also a fault lying almost due East and West, and extending from 
Locher Mill to Auchencloich. For some distance, from Locher Printfield 
to near Hairlaw, the course of the stream " Locher " coincides with it. Tlie 
dip of strata is also largely due to earth-movements. Most of the rocks 
laid down horizontally are now frequently seen to be inclined or bent from 
their horizontal position, and sometimes have been so tilted that they are 

' Great Ice Age, p. 14G and foil. 



BOUNDARIES AND GEOLOGICAL RECORD. 9 

now vertical, or even completely turned over, or doubled up upon themselves. 
This is the consequence of a variety of stresses and forces. Examples of 
tilting, thouf^li not to any great extent, are conmion in Kilbarchan. 

Immediately to the East of West Fulton Farm the geological 
map indicates " an older teiTace of marine erosion " — in other words, a 
place where the loose overlying material has been carried away by the 
action of the sea. It is necessary to explain that sea and land did not 
always stand at the same relative elevation towards each other in which 
they do now. There is evidence that at one time the sea stood consider- 
ably higher, relatively to the land, than it is at present. The land surface, 
however, gradually rose and the sea correspondingly fell and retreated, 
until the water reached a level only 50 feet higher than now ; at this 
height it remained for some time, forming new beaches. And at yet 
another period the sea was 25 feet higher than at present. This may 
have been its level within times very recent, i.e., recent according to 
geologists' notions of time, say about the time of the Roman invasion, 
1830 years ago. The retiral of the sea was thus made in three steps or 
stages — from the highest level to 50 feet, from 50 feet to 25 feet, and 
from 25 feet to the present sea level. At each of these resting places 
the sea had its beach or strand, and the geologist's eye can with 
certainty detect these old shores. The terrace at West Fulton is one 
of these beaches. The waves of the sea have at this point washed away 
the debris which the glacier had deposited, leaving bare the coal and 
rocks laid down by the primeval sea. A bore made at West Fulton 
shows no boulder clay or till, but immediately beneath a few inches of 
loam there come : — 

Feet. Inches. 

Coal, ... ... ... 4 3 

Fire clay, ... ... ... 4 \\ 

White lime, ... ... 1 

and so on. 

Fresh water alluvium or peat occurs here and tliere throughout 
the parish, but chiefly at Linwood Moss. The account given of the 
origin of this "moss" by the Rev. Patrick Maxwell, Minister of Kil- 
barchan (1787-1806), in the Old Statistical Account (1795), has been 
rendered almost classical by being quoted by Dr. Robert Munro in his 
recent volume. Prehistoric Scotland : — 

" ■ • . 500 acres are occupied by a moss from seven to nine feet in depth. . . 
The soil below is a deep white clay, where has formerly been a forest. The oak is per- 
fectly fresh ; the other kinds of timber are rotten. The stumps in general are standing in 



10 KILBARCHAN. 

their original position. The trees are all broken over at about the height of three feet, and 
are lying from S.W. to N.E. So whenever you see a stump, you are sure to find a tree to 
the N.E. How an oak tree could break over at that particular place, I could never under- 
stand. But we may be allowed to form a conjecture, that before the tree fell, the moss 
had advanced along its stem, and rotted it there. Wood immersed in a wet body is found 
to decay first at the ring between the wet and the dry. The theory of mosses is now 
illustrated in a satisfactory manner. They have all been woods at a former period. These 
being cut or falling down hindered the water from getting off the ground where they lay. 
This encouraged the moss plants to grow over them. These plants, while rotting below, 
continue to grow above. Hence a moss continually increases in depth. The position of 
the trees in most mosses from S.W. to N.E., instead of being an objection, confirms this 
hypothesis ; for all our trees are bent in this direction, by the prevailing current of our 
winds. A tree, whether cut down or decaying, naturally falls in a direction to which it 
leaned while growing. The Romans produced many mosses by cutting down the woods, to 
which our ancestors fled for shelter. Others have doubtless been produced from woods 
allowed to fall through decay. From what has been observed of the quick growth of moss, 
it should seem that this one is not very ancient. What confirms this opinion is, that many 
places round this, and other mosses in this country, still retain the name of wood. As 
Fulwood, Linwood, Birchenhead, Woodhead, Woodside, Oak-shaw-head {shaio is ' wood '), 
Walkinshaw, etc." 

Water falliug on the gi-ound in the form of rain and snow, and 
percolating through the soil and softer rocks, has the power of separating 
out some of the chemical materials which it meets with, and of depositing 
them in the form of crystals in the interstices of the rocks. In the 
exposed face of soft rock to the right of the road from Kilbarchan to 
Bridge of Weir, at Pinnal Brae, may be found beautiful little crystals, 
generally white, called Zeolites, which owe their origin to the infiltration 
of water. 

Near Locher Mill there is a well, the waters of which are so 
strongly impregnated with the sulphate and carbonate of lime, that any 
object put into the water becomes incrusted with a limey coating, thus 
producing " petrifoctions " so-called, but which may moi-e properly be 
described as " incrustations." 



CHAPTER II. 

The Saints of Kilbarchan. 

It is not the mere interest of the story, nor even the ideal morality which constitutes the principal 
charm of the legends of the Saints ; it is the constant idea of Providence supporting the faithful in those 
troublous times, and of saints always interfering in favour of the innocent. 

— M. Ampere, Hist. Lilt, de la France le 12mo. Siecle ; ii. 369. 

Explanation of KILBARCHAN — How a church was founded — Many Saints with names 
similar to Barchan — How our Barchan may be identified — Citation of calendars — 
Drummond calendar — Martyrology of Donegal — Felire of ffingus — Gorman's Martyrology — 
Conflicting views — Bishop Forbes — Martyrology of Tallagh — Camerarius — Opinions of 
Cosmo Innes, Dr. Reeves, etc. — Possible meaning of "Barchan" — Pedigree of Bearchan 
— "The man of two parts" — Prophetic fragments — Felire of CEiigus quoted — His church, 
cairn, and well at Clonsast— O'Donovan at Clonsast in 1837 — Clonsast in 1900 — Colgan's 
Birchanus — "Church of the Four Illustrious " — Ara's Isle — Archbishop Ussher quoted — 
When did Barchan live ? — His fame as a prophet — His cryptic prophecies — History as 
prophecy — What it is possible that Barchan did write. — St. Mary, the Virgin — Her altar 
in KIL-barchan — St. Catharine's Chapel — The Saint's festival — Probable reason for this 
Saint being chosen — Her learning — Missionary success — Persecution and death — Popularity 
in Europe — Patroness of schools — Monastery on Mount Sinai visited by Kilbarchan ladies — 
Other St. Catharines— St. Bridget — Birth and early consecration — Miracles— Connection 
with St. Patrick — Her death — St. Marxock — Possible connection with Kilbarchan — His 
fame — A Relic and its uses — Places where his memory was celebrated. 

I. Barchan — Saint, Bishop, and Prophet. 

This chapter is an attempt to answer the vexed question — " Who was 
St. Barchan ? " Treating in the meantime probahihties, and even possi- 
biUties as certainties, we are able to answer that he was a Scoto-Irish 
Saint who Hved between 550 and 650 ; that he pursued his clerical calling 
both in Ireland and in Scotland; that both at Clonsast, King's County, and 
at Kilbarchan, where he spent part of his life, his memory was formerly 
reverenced on an early date in December ; that in his old age, being 
stricken with blindness, he received as a compensation from heaven the 
gift of prophecy ; and that on his death, his body was borne to Inishmore, 
Galway Bay, where he was buried in the same gi'ave as other three saints, 
and the church near became thereafter known as the " Church of the 
Four Illustrious." 



12 KILBAECHAN. 

The name " KWhavchan" (Kyi berhan, Kilherchan, etc.) means "the 
Church, Cell, or Eefcreat of Barchan " : those who countenance the ex- 
planation, " Church of the hill bounded vale," not only accept a more 
than doubtful etymology, but are also forgetful of the fact that all vales 
are hill bounded.' Recent investigations into the usages of the early- 
British Church make it probable that a holy man, whose nime was some- 
thing like " Barchan," actually lived for some time at the place which has 
ever since his visit borne his name. The purely formal dedication of 
churches to illustrious saints who had never visited them, or the localities 
where they were erected, was a Continental practice unknown in the 
native church during its period of isolation.^ 

" It was customary," says Borlase, " that when any holy man. were he bishop or 
priest, wished to found a church or a monastery to be devoted to the service of God, he 
should come himself to the spot on which the future edifice was to be raised, and there 
continue forty days engaged in prayer and fasting. During this period it was incumbent 
on him to allow himself each day until the evening (Sundays excepted) nothing but a 
morsel of bread and a hen's egg, taken with a little milk and water. This done, the cere- 
mony was completed, and all that was required by way of consecration was effected. 
' It would naturally follow,' says Mr. Rees, that the church should henceforth be called by 
the name of the person thus dwelling on the spot, ' and in this sense, and no other, the word 
founder is to be understood.' ' The place was called after him, as a house is often called by 
the name of its builder. It remained for subsequent generations to regard the founder in 
the character of patron,' and to give him the informal title of Saint, which has proved 
quite as lasting as a place in the Calendar, backed by a formal canonisation. On arriving 
in a new country . . . the wanderer would settle down to his task — sometimes 
attaching himself to the retinue of a tribal chieftain or noble, and inducing him and his 
followers to become Christians and to erect a church — sometimes raising for himself his 
lonely hermit's cell ... in a sheltered valley near some stone or fountain, of whose 
spell he now would become the interpreter, and whose blessings he would now dispense in 
the name, no longer of the genius loci, but of Christ." ^ 

This very clear statement by a recognised authority makes it 
possible for us to maintain that the celebrated prophet and saint 

' The temptation to try to establish some connection between the place name of "Barochan" 
in Killallan, with its interesting old Celtic Cross, and St. Barchan of Kilbarchan, is one difficult to 
set aside. The extra vowel affected by our neighbours dues not present an insuperable obstacle — 
but it is difficult to find a valid reason for the Saint's erecting or blessing a cross three miles, and 
no more, from his own "retreat," and the idea that Barchan invaded the district where a brother 
saint was labouring, or where his memory had come to be revered, is so strongly suggestive of a 
grave breach of modern clerical etiquette that it would be unbecoming in us to encourage it ! 

' This did net end in Scotland until the reformation set on foot by Queen Margaret took 
effect, about the end of the 11th century. 

'Age of the SainU, pp. 85, 86. See also Warreiis Celtic Church, pp. 74, 75; and Stokes' 
S. Patrick, pp. 230, 231. 



THE SAINTS OF KILBARCHAN. 15 

with whom we will attempt to identify " Barchan " made Kilbarchan 
his home for at least the necessary forty days, and that his " cell " stood 
near the site of the present Parish Church. 

In vain shall we search the writings of hagiologists to find any 
saint whose name was exactly Barchan. There may be found, how- 
ever, nearly a dozen Berchans, half a dozen Brecans, two Berachs, a 
Brychan, a Brogan, and so on, any one of which may have supplied the 
syllables corrupted into " Barchan." Uniformity in spelling is quite a 
modern criterion of identity. It is only by an appeal to old Church 
Calendars that we are delivered from the mazes of perplexity in which 
otherwise we might helplessly wander. A Church Calendar registers 
the natal days of the Saints, i.e., the days on which they died. It 
in short allocates stated days to the commemoration of certain holy 
men and women. On the day of a particular saint the chief facts 
of his life are read in church or in private, and the faithful by giving 
attention thereto are expected to correct their aspirations and to model 
their lives on what is thus recalled to their memories ; and in the district 
surrounding the church that bears the saint's name, his day is held 
in especial veneration — the method of celebration varying from age to age. 

According to the Drummond Calendar, the 4th December was the day 
set apart to commemorate the Holy Confessor Firdalethi or Berchain ; 
another calendar — The Martyrology of Donegal — mentions under the 
same date Bearchin of Cluain-sosta, Bishop and Apostle of God. So 
also the Felire of (Engus and the Martyrologij of Gorman ; and O'Dono- 
van, in a letter hitherto unpublished, while admitting that it was on St. 
John's Day, and St. Peter's, and St. Paul's [June 24th and 29th] that the 
pattern at Clonsast was held within living memory, yet says distinctly 
that " the Saint's memory was annually celebrated with great devotion at 
his well on the 3rd of December." Now the Kilbarchan Fair known 
as Barchan's day is held on the first Tuesday after the 12th of 
December, i.e., on the first Tuesday of December O.S., or roughly speak- 
ing, on the third day of the first week of December ; which brings us to 
O'Donovan's conjectured Brachan's Day, and within one day of the 
Berchan's Day of the Drummond Calendar, of the Martyrology of 
Donegal, of CEngus, and of Gorman. 

It is as unnecessary as it would be tedious to trace the steps 
by which Holy Days lost their religious complexion and became de- 
voted to the mundane purposes of buying and selling, became, in short, 
holidays, days on which people had an enjoyable outing — and how a 



14 KILBARCHAN. 

certain day of the week as an anniversary or date was substituted 
for the older day of the month. These changes were indeed natural and 
inevitable — the former in a world which grows daily more utilitarian, the 
latter under the influence of a Church which for many a day regarded the 
Lord's Day as the only traditional religious institution worth defending 
against profanation. In the year 1602 Lochwinnoch Fair fell on a Sunday. 
The Presbytery of Paisley enacted that it should be held on the preceding 
Saturday. Probably recourse was had soon after to the new way of 
reckoning anniversaries by days of the week. 

But though several of the best authorities agree in making St. 
Barchan's Day fall on December 4, and though the identification of 
Barchan of Kilbarchan and Bearchan of Clonsast seems to hinge on such a 
consensus, yet it would be disingenuous to suppress the information that 
authorities as reliable as those quoted, favour other dates. Thus, though 
the Martyrology of Gorman mentions Berchan " the dear prophet " under 
December 4, yet at August 4 notice is taken of " the blooming Berchan " 
— flattering epithets " which," Dr. Bernard of Dublin i-emarks, " are 
probably due to the exigencies of metre." 

Bishop Forbes gives an account of Berchan at August 4, and quotes 
an old charter [10th January, 1578] conferring certain rights on the 
Burgh of Tain, amongst them the right to " hold a fair on the day of St. 
Barquhan, wliich is the third day after the festival of St. Peter ad 
vincula called Lammas [August 1st]." 

Canon O'Hanlon mentions Berchan of Clonsast at August 4, quoting 
the Martyrology of Tallagh. He says: — "There is a traditional account of 
a saint, said to have been a cripple, who, while carried about in a sort of 
wheelbarrow lost his life through an accident, at a place now known as 
Tubberbarry, near Summer Hill, Co. Meath. Where he was killed, a well 
of pure bubbling water sprung up, and it was surrounded by trees. My 
informant has told me that, on the 4th of August, each year, pilgrimages 
are made to this fountain by the country people, who have great faith in 
its curative properties. Perhaps the Saint's name was Barry or Bearach ; 
but, there may be a greater difficulty still, in identifying him with the 
present St. Berchan." Canon O'Hanlon has, however, given me to under- 
stand that St. Berchan will be noticed under December 4th also, when 
his great work on the Irish Saints reaches that point, and that 
the forthcoming article will have as an illustration the old Church of 
Kilbarchan. 

At April 6th, David Chalmers (Camerarius) notices a St. Berchan or 



THE SAINTS OF KILBARCHAN. 15 

St. Berthan, Bishop of the Orkneys and Confessor, who spent his youth in 
the celebrated monastery of St. Columba {i.e., Inchmahome), not far from 
Stirhng, and who was held in higli repute in the province of Stirhng. 

Such discrepancies of date indicate, either that different saints of the 
same or similar names have inadvertently come under our purview, or that 
the calendarists were far from being agreed as to St. Barchan's date. 
The question as to " "Who was Barchan?" seems indeed to defy final settle- 
ment, for although Cosmo Innes in his Origines Farochiales expresses the 
opinion that the Kilbarchan Fair on the first Tuesday of December, O.S., 
is a survival of St. Barchan's Day, and Dr. Reeves in h\s AdanDian identi- 
fies Berchan of Clonsast v^^ith the patron saint of Kilbai-chan ; yet one 
of the best living authorities says that he cannot think that the Fair has 
anything to do with the Saint, for reasons, however, which do not 
appear to me to be quite satisfactory. 

In the earlier centuries names were often significant and descriptive 
as only nick-names can claim to be now; and if "Berchan" is the diminutive 
form of the Erse word BRT = a spear, it will signify "a little spear." This 
appellation may have described the Saint's person, and we may think of 
him as a spare man of short stature, or it may have described his manner 
and speech, which may have been keen and incisive. 

The fullest original account of him whom we take to be our patron is 
that to be found in The Martyrology of Donegal. It is as follows : — 

Dec. 4. — Bearchan, Bishop and Apostle of God, of Cluain-sosta in Uifailghe 
[Clonsast or Cloonsost in Offaly or Ophaly, King's County]. He was of 
the race of Cairhe Righfoda, son of Conaire, who is of the seed of Heremon. 
Fer da Leithe was another name for him, i.e., he spent half his life in Alba 
and the other half in Erin, as he himself said :— 

At first we were in Alba, 

The next first in Meath ; 

Truly it was not foolish sleep that I went bent on, 

I did not find the face of a hero by sleeping. 
The four prophets of the fine Gaels, 

Better of it the county whence they came, 

Columcille, Moling the perfect, 

Brenainn of Biorr and Berchin. 

The second quatrain is added in a more recent hand. There is a long clear 
prophecy of Berchan (which Richard o' Murchertaigh had) on this captivity 
of Erinn in which this is the last stanza : — 

Where a twig falls a tree grows up ; 

Who drops a nut plants a new tree ; 

The eighth citizen prince of Rome [Pope Urban viii.] 

Shall release Erinn from the bondage of the foreign tribe. 



16 KILBARCHAN. 

The tub of Berchain {sc. forming the bason for the well) was found new in 
Ui Failge, in the territory of Ui Berchain. The timber was still round the 
water {i.e., its timber was still sound enough to hold water). It is there 
Clonsast is, and it is there is Tempull Berchain and was. 

The Felire of Q^ngus at December 4 has the following : — 

.... one of our sages was the modest Fer-da-leithe (" man of two parts "), 
i.e., Berchan of Clonsost in Offaly. Or " man of two parts " in Laid Treoit 
[Menteith ?] in Scotland: a priest was he. "Man of two parts," i.e., half 
of his life in the world and the other half in pilgrimage, ut feruni (periti). 
Half his life in Ireland and the other half in Scotland. 

The celebrated Irish antiquary O'Douovan visited Clonsast in 1837. 
His account of the antiquities of the place is to be found in his MS. letters 
lying in the library of the Royal Irisli Academy, from which the following 
excerpt has been taken by the kind permission of the authorities : — 

PoRTARLiNGTON, December 22, 1S37. 

Dear Sir, 

We have discovered the establishment of an early saint of whose history I 
remember nothing. It is called Clonsast, and lies about five miles north-east of Portarling- 
ton in a beautiful Cluain which is surrounded by a part of the Bog of Allen. The Irish 
name is CLUAINSOSTA and the Patron is vividly remembered to be St. Bra(o ?)chan 
(perhaps a contraction for Berachan), whose memory was annually celebrated with great 
devotion at his well, called Tohar-Brachain, on the Third of December. The old church is 
small, and unquestionably of the primitive age, as appears from the large size of the stones 
and character of the masonry, but all the doors and windows are unfortunately destroyed. 
The churchyard presents all the appearance of its having been deserted at an early period, 
and no grave, tombstone or inscription of ancient or modern date is to be seen, at least over 
ground, nor is there anything to attract the notice of the antiquarian but the primitive 
appearance of the featureless walls and the melancholy beauty of the spot — secessus quietis. 

To the south east of the old church about twenty perches, and separated from the hard 
spot by a brook, now swollen to a rapid flood, there is a remarkable stone in which the 
Saint is said to have stamped the impression of his head, and which was resorted to for the 
purpose of procuring relief from the headache. Near the stone grows a small hoary thorn, 
evidently of great age, and close to the thorn is a small ccdrn of stones. These three objects 
are on a small hillock, which is now insulated by so deep a current that I cannot visit 
them, though I made every effort, for two reasons, viz., to get rid of a headache and to 
view some hieroglyphics said to be indented on the stone, but the day was too cold to 
strip. 

St. Brachan's AVell lies in the town land of Clonshannon, about sixty perches to the 
N.W. (?) of his church. It was a large and vigorous spring until fifteen years ago, when 
drains were sunk in the bog near it, which have weakened its vigour and left its waters 
quite muddy and black. It is nevertheless never seen dry, and is still visited by a few 
pilgrims, who have left some devoted rags on the bushes that grow over it. 



RUINS OF ST. BERCHANS CHURCH 

Clonsad, Khujs County 



'ide jxtijes IG, 17 




s^il^.;.;,.^..^. 



THE SAINTS OF KILBARCHAN. 17 

Until a very late period a numerous pattern was held on the field adjoining this well 
and church, on St. John's Day (24th June), and on St. Peter's and St. Paul's (29th June) ; 
but in consequence of the bad effects of whiskey, the clergy have thought proper to 
abolish it. 

This parish was, according to tradition, anciently called Farmann Brachain, which is 
evidently a corruption of Tf:RMON Brachain. I find mention made of a church called 
" Cluainsosta " in the Calendar of Donegal ; but it cannot be this, as it is stated to lie in 
the County of Kildare and to belong to a Saint Kieran. 

The present writer visited Clonsast in the summer of 1900, and had 
the various objects of interest above-mentioned — church, stone, cairn, 
thorn, and well — pointed out to him by Mr. Edward Watson, the pro- 
prietor of part of the townland of Clonshannon. After the lapse of 
nearly sixty-three years, O'Donovan's description remains substantially 
correct. Since O'Donovan's visit, a vandal farmer sought and found In 
the ruined walls of the church materials for making a bridge ; but, super- 
naturally warned or conscience-stricken, he soon restored the stones as 
best he could. The ruin stands on a slight eminence. The ground about 
it is very rough, suggesting the pi-esence of grave-stones or perhaps owing 
to boulders fallen from the building. The brook which interfered with 
O'Donovan's investigations was not in evidence. The cairn (or earn) is 
very low, and only on the table-like top are the stones exposed. It is 
remarked by the country people that the grass has never encroached upon 
it, though the ground ivy has no such scruples. A natural explanation 
of this has been oflered ; a large flat stone which once marked the boun- 
dary of the vicarage-land has been for many years amissing, to the advan- 
tage of a neighbouring lay proprietor but to the detriment of the cure, 
and it has been suggested that it lies concealed beneath the cairn. No 
efforts have been made, however, to ascertain the truth of this conjecture. 
The stone credited with the power of curing headache is a boulder about 
two feet in diameter set in the ground. The hollowed top might fit the 
back of some human heads. The presence of a colony of ants, which had 
made its crevices their summer quarters and which refused to be evicted, 
made it inadvisable to test either its size or its reputed joowers, though 
one deemed it wise to make a votive offering to propitiate the genius loci. 
There are several old thorn trees near, many of them dead and decaying 
and mantled over with ivy. The once famous well is now little more than 
a hole in the ground containing a little muddy water. There were no 
rags on the bushes near representing the votive offerings of pilgrims, no 
coins or buttons in the niud at the bottom, though there was evidence 
that the well had been lately cleaned out, possibly by some mother who 

c 



IS KILBAECHAN. 

]iad brought her aihng child to dip it in the lieaUng water. The sur- 
rounding sacred enclosure, upon which the revehy of the pattern or 
religious festival never encroached, is still clearly marked; beyond it there 
would be drinking and feasting, music and dancing, horse-racing and feats 
of strength, often kept up with unabated vigour for five or six successive 
days (June 24-29) ; but around the well a considerable space was always 
kept clear and unprofaned, within which the worshipper could withdraw 
to i-e2:)eat his prayei's or perform his superstitious ceremonies. 

The summer aspect of a neighbourhood is necessarily very difierent 
from the winter one. In July, Clonsast did not seem a melancholy place. 
Tlie extraordinary courtesy of the farmers, the sounds of the mowing- 
machines in the meadows near, the brilliant sunshine, and the prospects of 
an early and plentiful harvest, produced impressions which occasion 
memories very cheerful and pleasant. And yet had Barchan been at liberty 
to choose the sphere of his labours when living, and the place with which 
his name should be associated after he was dead, he must indeed have 
been blind, or a saint specially distinguished for his self-denial, if he had 
given preference to this Cluain, or sequestered mead, by the Bog of Allen, 
over the pleasant vale through which flows the lively stream which laves 
the foundations of his Church in Strathclyde. 

Colgan in his Acts of the Saints mentions a Birchanus (p. 715 
n. 10). A church in Inishmore — the largest and most northerly of the 
Ai-an Islands, Galway Bay — "is called Tempidl an cheatJirair aluinn — i.e., 
the Church of the Four Illustrious Ones, who are SS. Furseus, Brendanus 
Birrensis, Conallus and Birchanus, whose bodies were borne hither and 
buried in one tomb in the cemetery close to this church." Inishmore is 
emphatically the Island of the Saints. For some reason or other, possibly 
its remoteness and isolation, it was much frequented by early ecclesiastics 
and it now contains a great number of remarkable antiquities. It is the 
last resting-place of many Celtic Saints. St. Columba's fond farewell to 
it has been translated by Dr. Douglas Hyde, and may be found in his 
History of Irish Literature : — 

Farewell from me to Ara's Isle, 

Her smile is at my heart no more ; 
No more to me the boon is given 

With hosts of heaven to watch her shore. 



Ara, darling of the West, 

Ne'er be he blest who loves thee not, 
When angels wing from heaven on high 

And leave the sky for this dear spot. 



THE SAINTS OF KILBAKCHAX. 19 

The " Church of the Four Illustrious " stands near the centre of the 
island, a little to the south of the hamlet of Cowroogh. The site is a 
little terrace on the hill side facing the north. The edifice is thirty feet 
long and sixteen broad. A good deal of the walls, the pointed north 
doorway, the altar and a bracket near it, both of them of stone, the east 
window, and traces of what may have been a chamber within the church 
at the west end, are all that now remain of the ancient structure. The 
patch in which the ruin stands, a hay field according to the islanders' 
notions, about a hundred feet long and foi'ty-five feet broad, is enclosed 
by a dry-stone dyke. A well just outside this enclosure has still a 
considerable reputation for sanctity and healing power, as appears 
from the numerous bits of rag tied to the overhanging ivy and bramble, 
and the number of buttons and similar small articles to be seen in 
the water. The stones w^hich are understood to mark the graves of 
the four saints, one of whom may be our St. Barchan, stand in a row 
parallel to the west gable, and about nine feet from it. The two to the 
north are the largest, though they are scarcely two feet in height. There 
are no inscriptions, and any straight edges are due, not to human work- 
manship, but to the natural cleavage of the calcareous rock of which they 
are composed. 

Archbishop Ussher, in his Early British Church, mentions a Byr- 
chinus opposite the date 570, "who," he says, "may have been St. Ber- 
chan, of whom we have read in the works of his contemporary Coemgenus 
(Keivinus), that though he was blind he was endowed with the gift of 
prophecy." 

It does not seem impossible to fix, at least approximately, the time 
about which Barchan lived. His name occurs in The Four Masters in 
conjunction with the names of three saints whose dates are known — 
Columba (521-597) and Brendan of Birr, his contemporary ; and Moling, 
the contemporary of Adamnan (624-704). Therefore, even assuming that 
Barchan was the most recent of the four, we have no reason for putting him 
later than 700 a.d. Again, if he is one of the Four Illustrious who, 
according to Colgan, gave a name to the church near which they were 
buried in "Ara's Isle," his name occurs there in conjunction with 
Brendan's again, and with Furseus', whom Bishop Forbes puts at 650. 
Many Saints have borne the name Conall, and as we do not know which 
of them this is, we cannot assign to him dates. If we assume, again, 
that Barchan was later than Brendan and Furseus, his date is only after 
650. According then to this line of argument, Barchan was not later than 



20 KILBAECHAN. 

the seventh century, and if he is the same as Ussher's St. Berchan he 
is as early as the sixtli, 570 being the date which this authority gives, 
adding that he was " the contemporary of Keivinus," of whom we know 
that he died in 622 at the phenomenal age of one hundred and twenty. 
We are therefore well within the mark if we assign to St. Barchan dates 
wnthin the sixth and seventh centuries ; there is no reason whatever for 
putting him later than 700 A.D., and he may have been as early as 
550 A.D. 

St. Barchan, or one of the same or a similar name, enjoj'ed a great 
reputation as a prophet. The prophecies — some of them very long, some 
mere scraps — ascribed to him are very numerous. They are all written in 
the Erse language, and some are to be found only in manuscript. It may 
be taken as certain that he was not the author of all that has been placed 
to his credit ; but, on the other hand, had he not had an established 
reputation as a prophet, his name would not have occurred in connection 
with so many of these nondescript versicles so dear to the hearts of the 
Celtic race. 

The prophetic writings ascribed to Barchan are of two kinds — the 
one cryptic and oracular in style, the other matter-of-fact history, under 
the guise of prophecy. As an example of the former class we quote the 
following from The Book of Howth — " Carew MSS." : — 

In Ireland the matter shall begin at the number of 7 

And it shall be made an end by the number of an 11; 

In Ireland also the sun shall fade and lose his light ; 

Then the moon shall shine when Holy Church shall undertake to try the right ; 

Then their treason shall begin. 

The swan shall swim the river along and trouble the water with his toe ; 

The antelope shall chase the wolf's whelp when the old wolf is agoe. 

A dreadful dragon shall stand in a tower, and hearken of mickell woe, 

Then the three castles shall be devoured, so then Ireland is nigh agoe. 

After the sun shall shine out of the North East ; 

Then the moon shall change at the full. 

Three thousand shall die upon a day at Kosberry, live who so may, 

Then will horses go to grass, and spare neither corn, neither mead. 

Their bridles fast upon their back, their bridles upon their head ; 

There shall be no grooms them to keep ; their master(s) shall be all gone ; 

They shall be out a whole fortnight, and no man to fetch them home. 

An example of the second kind of writings ascribed to our Saint is 
known as The Prophecy of St. Beechan — part of which may be 
found in Skene's Chronicles of the Picts and Scots. It is really a brief 



THE SAINTS OF KILBAECHAN. 31 

history of the early Irish and Scottish kin^s and of St. Columba's mission 
to Scotland. Modern writers of history, such as Skene and Andrew 
Lang, consider that it contains trustworthy information, and so they 
frequently quote from it. Skene says that it was written about the 
years 109-3-6, when a fashion prevailed " of writing history in the form of 
prophecy, supposed to have been uttered by some one who lived long 
before the time of the actual writer " ^ ; and therefore of course the writer 
was not Barchan. It is with some misgivings that we see the reputation 
of our patron saint as a man of letters given away in this manner, and we 
think it but justice to his memory to state that, if he lived in the sixth 
or seventh century, as we have striven to show that he did, he would 
have been well acquainted with the facts contained in the first seventeen 
stanzas of the poem, and he would have been in a position, as far as mere 
knowledge goes, to have written them. Still further, this part of the 
poem differs from the rest in that it condescends on the actual names of 
those prophesied about, e.g., St. Columba and King Aidan, instead of 
merely indicating them by some descriptive epithet, which is a remarkable 
feature of the other part of the poem. This difference {to the lay mind 
it may seem very sliglit) indicates the work of two writers — the one 
ignorant of the accepted limitation of a prophet's power, the other more 
artful in that he is careful to avoid giving actual names which it is believed 
no prophet can do. All that it is possible to maintain on these grounds 
is that Barchan may have written the first seventeen verses of this long 
poem. 

The following is a free rendering of this part, which, unfortunatelv, 
on our hands has expanded to nineteen verses. : — 

Years three score shall pass, bringing gladness and sorrow, 

Till the birth of a babe in his royal home ; 
Joy of my heart ! fond love greets the stranger 

Fated to Alban from Erin to roam.- 

Which is his niche in the world's stately temple 1 

Read me the rune — what is destined to be ? 
" Priest, prophet, sage, poet, favoured of heaven, 

Such is his lot in the land o'er the sea." 



' Skene's Preface, page xl. 

■ The pseudo-prophet pretends that he is writing in 461, 60 years before St. Columba's birth. 



KILBAKCHAN. 

Glazed grow his eyes when they 're fixed on the future, 

Rapt is his glance and awful his tone ; 
When God's will and word he declares to the people 

Hearts are joy-warmed and silenced their moan. 

Though Bridget and Patrick have left us for ever 

Erin's hero and saint in one shall he be, 
His clansmen he leads on the field of Cooldrevny 

And red are the tracks he leaves on its lea. 

Hark, to the dirge of the lone and forsaken. 

Giving voice to their grief for beloved ones slain, — 

In palace and cot, for serf, king and noble 
Echo the plaint, hill, meadow and main. 

Forth from his home goes Columba the noble, 

Exiled and outcast, his galley he steers. 
Past cliff and past island, pursue him his foemen, 

His rowers are fearful, he calmeth their fears. 

What portents are these which attend his departure ? 

Eed are the waves on Lough Foyle's shingly shore. 
Scream of the sea mew and tempest's loud roaring — • 

Will this true son of Erin come back never more 1 

When the shore line has sunk to a mist 'cross the ocean 
The exile in tears makes lament o'er his fate, — 

" Ere, Erin, thou go from my fond eyes for ever, 
Hear my pledge of affection, alas ! it comes late. 

" For the shelter, lona ! thou givest a stranger 
A life's whole devotion thou claimest of me. 

But at last would I lie where my saint friends are sleeping 
Ah, my heart fondly turns, dear Derry ! to thee. 

" Disciples may slight the commands of a master, 
Angels ! more faithful, regard my behest ! 

Bear my body in death back, back, back to Erin, 
The exile will then be its welcomest guest." 

And, Hi ! though thy shrine be bereft of its treasure. 
Thy winds to thy waves echo one constant name. 

The cloisters of Derry catch up the smooth measure — 
" Columba," " Columba," for ever the same. 

But long be his life in the land of his pilgrimage, 
Many and great be his deeds o'er the sea ; 

Father, Son, Spirit protect him and save him. 
Ye Heavenly powers, ye blessed Trinitife ! 



THE SAINTS OF KILBAECHAX. 23- 

To a lodge on the Ness, far away thro' the wilderness, 
Where a monarch holds sway o'er heathen hearts rude, 

And in vassalage keeps even Aidan the Erinach, 
Columba sets forth to encounter King Brude. 

No Highland welcome awaiteth the stranger. 

Barred are the gates and bent are the bows. 
At the Sign of the Cross as by spell of magician 

Back swing the doors and forward he goes. 

" Sovereign of Pictland ! give ear to the message 
God charged me to give to thy country and thee, — 

'Let heathen knees bow to the Cross in contrition, 
Let Aidan rule free o'er the land by the sea.' " 

Soft grew the heart of the bold son of Mailchon, 

He smiled on the pleader, he granted his crave ; 
And first King of the Scots in the land of the alien 

Made Aidan mac Gabhvan the free and the brave. 

Fate gives to thee, Aidan ! no peaceful possession. 

Thy sons may rejoice in the lowing of kine, 
"Waving of corn fields, mixed sounds of village life. 

The hunt on the mountain, the prayer at the shrine. 

Not such is thy fortune, strifeful thy heritage. 

Thy roof but a shield where darts fall as rain, 
From field to field of war thy banner seen afar, 

Lendeth heart to the living, renown to the slain. 

Day of the Thunder god bringeth the message loud, 

Sounding for Aidan the call of " Retire ; " 
Uncrown'd and unthron'd yet dauntless, unconquer'd, 

God gives him rest 'midst the hills of Kintyre. 

II. — St. Mary the Virgin. 

From the charter of Thomas Crawford of Auchinames, A.D., 1401, 
we learn that there was ah'eady an altar to St. Mary the Virgin in KIL- 
barohan. Dedications to her were numerous under the Roman Church. 
The reasons for her commemoration and adoration are so well known that 
it is unnecessary to set them forth here. 



III.— St. Cafha 



nne. 



From Crawford's charter also we understand that he contemplated 
erecting a shrine and chapel to a saint unnamed in the "cemetery" near 



24 KILBARCHAN. 

the Church. The saint afterwards chosen was St. Catharine. The 
festival of St. Catharine of Alexandria — the most celebrated of the name 
— fell on Nov. 25, i.e., the 9th day befoi'e St. Barchan's Day. In the 
absence of any good reason explaining why St. Catharine was chosen as 
the patroness of Crawford's benefaction, we are at liberty to suggest that 
the Romanized clergy expected that by instituting an orthodox festival si 
near the old fashioned one, the latter might come in coarse of time to b"* 
neglected and forgotten, and the former, supported by their authority 
and influence might take its place. Barchan, being a saint of the native 
church only, had no place in the Roman Calendar and the Roman Catholi3 
ecclesiastics did not look on the preservation of his memoiy with any 
favour. 

The Roman Breviary gives the following account of St. Catharine at 
November 25 : 

This Katharine was a noble maiden of Ale.xandria, who from her eariiest years joined 
the study of the liberal arts with fervent faith, and in a short while came to such an height 
of holiness and learning, that when she was eighteen years of age she prevailed over the 
chiefest wits. When she saw many diversely tormented and haled to death by command 
of Maximin,^ because they professed the Christian religion, she went boldly unto him and 
rebuked him for his savage cruelty, bringing forward likewise most sage reasons why the 

faith of Christ should be needful for salvation Maximin marvelled at her 

wisdom, and bade keep her, while he gathered together the most learned men from all 
quarters and offered them great rewards if they would confute Katharine and bring her 
from believing in Christ to worship idols. But the event fell contrariwise, for many of the 
philosophers who had come to dispute with her were overcome by the force and skill of her 
reasoning, so that the love of Christ .Tesvs was kindled in them, and they were content 
even to die for His sake. Then did Maximin strive to beguile Katharine with fair words 
and promises, and when he found it was lost pains, he caused her to be hided, and bruised 
with lead-laden whips, and so cast into prison, and neither meat nor drink given to her for 

the space of eleven days At that time Maximin's wife and Porphyry, the Captain 

of his host, went to the prison to see the damsel, and at her preaching believed in Jksus 
Christ, and were afterwards crowned with martyrdom. Then was Katharine brought out 
of ward, and a wheel was set, wherein were fastened many and sharp blades, so that her 
virgin body might thereby be most direfully cut and torn in pieces ; but in a little while, 
as Katharine prayed, this machine was broken in pieces, at the which marvel many believed 
in Christ. But Maximin was hardened in his godlessness and cruelty, and commanded to 
behead Katharine. She bravely offered her neck to the stroke and passed away hence to 
receive the twain crown of maidenhood and martyrdom, upon the 25th day of November. 
Her body was marvellously laid by Angels upon Mount Sinai in Arabia." 

1 Maximin's date is end of third or beginning ol fourth century. 
• Translation by John, Marquess of Bute. 



Sr. BERC HAN'S STONE, CAIRN, AND THORN 

Clonsast, King'f Vounty 
Vide pages 16, 17 



THE SAINTS OF KILBAECHAN. 25 

There is a tradition that the famous monastery of St. Catharine's on 
Mount Sinai received its name because there in the 8th or 9th Century, 
the monks disinterred a body which they took to be that of the Saint. 
The fame of the Virgin Martyr was brought to Europe by the returning 
Crusaders [1096-1270] \vhere her culfus became very populai-. A 
monastic order— the Knights of Mount Sinai or of Jerusalem — Avas 
instituted, A.D. 1063, in her honour. In Belgium no town is without an 
altar or church to her ; at Paris, Louis IX. erected a costly church to her 
memory ; and the Maid of Orleans claimed her special flivour and 
tutelage. Her head is alleged to be preserved in the Piazza of St. 
Peter's at Rome. 

She has been regarded as the patroness of schools, because of her 
great learning, and it is quite in keeping with this her traditional office 
that it sliould be at her monastery on Mount Sinai that so many valuable 
manuscripts which have been brouglit to light of recent years should have 
been preserved. Here Tischendorf discovered [1844-59] the famous Codex 
Sinaiticus, and Ptendal Harris found [1889] the Apohgij of Aristides ; 
and most interesting of all to Kilbarchan people, it was here too that Mrs. 
S. S. Lewis and Mrs. J. Y. Gibson (once the IMisses Smith of Spring 
Grove) found a few years ago the Syiiac manuscript of the Gospels of 
which so much has been written. 

But besides St. Catharine of Alexandria, there are other five of 
the name who are also commemorated : — 

St. Catharine of Sienna, April 30 ; lived 1347-SO ; Canonized by Pius II. [14riS-64]. 

St. Catharine of Bologna, March 9 ; lived 1413 63. 

St. Catharine Flisca Adurna, March 22 ; Canonized by Clement IX. [1667-70]. 

St. Catharine de Ricci, February 13; lived 1.521 90 ; „ „ Benedict XIV. [1746]. 

St. Catharine of Genoa, Sept. 15, lived ab. 1510 ; 

IV.—St. Bridgd. 

According to Colgan there have been no fewer than 25 saints of the 
name of Bridget. The most celebrated is of course the Abbess of Kildare 
—the Mary of Ireland— who died February 1, 525, at the age of 74. 
O'Hanlon devotes 224 pages to her life. 

The following is taken from the office for her day, February 1st, in 
the Irish supplement to the Breviary : — 

Bridget the Holy Virgin was the daughter of noble Christian parents of the Province of 
Leinster, and became Mother in Christ to many holy virgins. When she was an infant, her 

D 



26 KILBAKCHAN. 

father beheld a vision of men clothed in white pouring consecrated oil upon her head, — an 
earnest of the future reputation of piety and sanctity which the maiden would enjoy. When 
scarcely more than a child she chose Christ to be her bridegroom, and so great was her affec- 
tion that she would spend all she had upon the poor. Her beauty brought her many 
suitors, and to save herself from their importunities and to be free of any temptation to 
violate her early vow, she prayed to God that her beauty might be taken away. Her prayer 
was immediately answered by one of her eyes becoming much swollen. This so completely 
chanced her countenance that lovers ceased to annoy her and she preserved inviolate the 

solemn vow she had made to Christ Accompanied by three girls, she went 

to Bishop Maccaile, a disciple of St. Patrick. He, beholding an aurole of flame about her 
head, had no hesitation in investing her with the white robe and the white veil, and with 
prayerful rites admitted her into the religious order which St. Patrick had introduced into 
Ireland. While in the act of bowing her head to receive the veil her hand touched the 
wooden pedestal of the altar, and though the wood had long been dry, it at once began to 
show signs of growing; her eye too was healed and her former beauty was restored. Inspired 
by her example, many girls entered the same religious order, so that in a short time there were 
communities of virgins throughout the whole of Ireland. The chief amongst these convents 
was that over which St. Bridget presided, and from it, as the acknowledged head, the others 

took their instructions and directions Witness is borne to her piety by the 

miracles she wrought while she lived and by those due to her after she was dead. In 
answer to her prayers lepers were cleansed, and health was restored to those who suffered 
from diverse diseases. When Broon, the Bishop, was falsely accused by an immodest 
woman, St. Bridget, making the sign of the cross over the mouth of the newly born babe, 
caused the infant to speak and tell who his real father was, and thus the good bishop's 
character was restored. Nor was she without the gift of prophecy, for she was able to tell 
many future events as though she actually witnessed them. She was on terms of pious in- 
timacy with St. Patrick, the Apostle of Ireland : she foretold when he would die and 
where he would be buried ; she was present at his death ; his shroud was her gift, which 
she had prepared some time before his death. And when at length her spotless soul 
returned to Christ, her spouse, her body was interred in the grave where St. Patrick lay. 

v.— St. MarnocJc. 

It is just possible that in the place name Lmnnarnocl we have pre- 
served the name " Marnoch " or " Marnock," diminutive of "Marnan," a 
saint of the sixth or seventh century. He is by some identified with 
Erneneus the naughty and spoiled child who sought to touch the hem of 
St. Columba's garment at Clonmacnoise and whose future greatness was then 
predicted. He was the friend of King Aidan, who by the Saint's help 
overcame the Saxons in a great battle in 593. Marnan was famed as a 
preacher ; he submitted to the most severe penances, he avoided honours 
and all worldly ambitions, and was especially mindful of the poor. He 
was buried at Aberchirder, now called Marnoch, in Strathbogie, where a 
fair on the second Tuesday in March is an approximation to the Saint's 



THE SAINTS OF KILBARCHAN. 27 

Day, March 1st. What was reputed to be a j^ortion of his head was long 
preserved by the chief of the Clan Innes, and the water in which this 
relic was washed was used by the sick and infirm. In several districts in 
Scotland his memory was once celebrated and his name still survives, ejj., 
Kilmarnock, Dalmarnock, Inchmarnock near Aboyne, and Inchmarnock 
in the Kyles of Bute ; at Leochel Cushnie, Foulis Easter, Benholm (near 
Fordoun) ; at the last there is a St. Marny's Well. 



CHAPTER HI. 

KiLBARCHAN IX RoMAN CaTHOLIC TiMES. 

The sacred tapers' lights are gone, 
Gray moss has clad the altar stoue, 
The holy image is o'erthrown, 
The bell has ceased to toll. 



Departed is the pious monk, 
God's blessing on his soul ! 

— Eediviva, quoted in TIte Ahhol, chap. viii. 

Influence of Paisley Abbey — Earliest notice of Kilbarchan — Walter, son of Alan — Infeudation 
of Renfrewshii-e — Former condition of the County — Vassal knights — .Monasticism as a civili- 
zer — The carrucate between the Cart and the Gryffe — Where does the Gryfl'e end ? — A 
church as a gift — Rectorial tithes — Vicarage tithes — Fees — Manse, garden, and glebe — 
Clerical outlay — The impersonal parson — Penuld or Fulton — A substantial pious gift — 
Ancient boundaries still traceable — Master Antony, the Physician, and his fee — Thomas, 
son of Nicolas — Hugo, son of Reginald — Achinchoss — Thomas of Fulton and Matilda his 
wife — The monastery in debt — William Urri — Goldfridus of Nesbit — Fishing on the Cart — 
Kilbarchan tenants in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. Influence of the Collegiate 
Chukch of Sempill — What is a Collegiate Church ? — Secondary education four centuries 
ago — dedication — The fourth chaplain — Upper Pennale — Robert Reid's house — East and 
West Bryntschelis — The Jiffli chaplain — Nethir Pennale and the mill thereof — Musical 
education — Kilbarchan Parish Clerkship provides bursaries — East Welland (or Weitland) — 
St. Bryde's Chapel — Meaning of the ' Chapel of Nethir Pennale ' — Once the Church's always 
the Church's. Chdrch Office.s and Officials in Kilbarchan — The Vicarage — Kilbar- 
chan vicars — Slender salaries — The Dean's visits — Master John of Kilberhan — Roger of 
Kilberchan — Finlay of Clochoderick (?) — Important mission for the vicar — James Shaw — 
Henry Moss — John MacQueen — Tenants on the Church lands — Tlie Clmplaincij of .S'i. 
Catharine's— The foundation charter— The last chaplain— r/ic Parish Clerkship— The office 
— depletion of its endowment — St. Bride's Cliapel — Tlie chapel at Priestoii. 



I. — The Influence of raidcy Ahheij. 

The earliest notices of Kilbarchan, or of any of the places within the pre- 
sent parish, are due to the policy pursued by Walter, son of Alan, in his 
endeavours to settle the country of his adoption and to secure himself in 
his possessions. This young Norman nobleman came from England to 
Scotland in the time of David I. [1124-53]. Under this monarch and his 
28 



KILBARCHAN IX KOMAX CATHOLIC TIMES. 29 

successor, Malcolm IV. [11 53-63], he rose to the rank of " High Steward 
of the Scottish Kingdom," and received from his royal patrons large 
grants of land, including the most, if not the whole, of Renfrewshire. 

It is natural for us to ask what had become of the former possessors 
of these estates — and how had the King at his disposal such great tracts 
of country to bestow upon a favourite ? These lands may have been 
demesne or fiscal lands belonging to the Crown, or they may have been 
estates forfeited on account of the treason of their former proprietors ; but 
we are perhaps nearer the mark if we see in such a grant an example of 
the systematic policy pursued by the Scottish monarchs of the time — the 
object of which was to substitute for the turbulent and lawless chieftains 
in possession, subjects who were likely to be more law biding and more 
loyal to the crown. This was in some ways the more easily accomplished 
because in. thcunj, the land, under the old Celtic system of tenure, 
belonged not to the chieftain but to the tribe, and by the introduction 
of feudal tenure the vast majority of the native population were in no 
way disturbed. To be sure, the relation in \\'hich the lower orders stood 
to the soil they cultivated, to the forests in which they Innited, to the 
rivers on which they fished, was changed by infeudation ; but this was a 
matter which would but little concern them for a long time to come. 

The possessions on which the Norman nobleman thus entered, were 
little likely to be such as would yield him immediate profit. The Royal 
authority in Strathgryffe was of a shadowy nature. Lord Walter was at 
first little else than a colonist. Upon his arrival he found very little 
of his new and extensive estates reclaimed from the primeval forest, moor- 
land and fen. Such clearings as existed would be but poorly cultivated. 
The chiefs and their followers would at first doubtless be disposed to treat 
his charter with scanty respect, and for a time he would probably have to 
rely on his own and his followers' stout hearts and strong arms in order to 
obtain a sure footing in his possessions. 

Lord Walter prized none of his possessions more highly than Strath- 
grytle : near Renfrew he built for himself a castle; at Paisley he founded 
a great religious house ; in the surrounding district he settled several of 
his retainers so that it may be said that it was in Renfrewshire that the 
House of Stewart had its foundation. The settlement in his lands by the 
Steward of knights, so far independent of him yet owning him as their 
overlord, secured for him the hearty co-operation of men whose aims and 
interests were similar to his ; and the foundation of a monastery not far 
from his castle at Renfrew, was likely to have the very best effect in 



30 KILBARCHAX. 

civilizing the rude and restless inhabitants in the neighbourhood. Both 
these plans were portions of a well-conceived policy which was steadily 
pursued until it bore fruit. 

The men of religion brought by Lord Walter to Paisley and settled 
there in 11G3 were Cluniac Monks. They came from the monastery of 
Wenlock, near the home of his youth in Shropshire. The religious house 
they occupied at Paisley had at first only the lower ecclesiastical status 
of a Priory, and not until more than sixty years after its foundation did 
it attain the higher rank of an Abbey. Ample provision was made for 
the support of the religious brotherhood, not indeed in inoney, but in 
money's worth. Lord Walter gave them lands, mills, fishings, rents, 
and various other rights and privileges, and when we read that he gave 
" that carrucate [or plough gate] of land which is between the Cart and 
the Gryffe" we are ready to think that land in Kilbarchan Parish consti- 
tuted part of the original endowment of the Abbey. The Cart to which 
reference is made, however, is the White Cart, and the Gryffe of the 
charter is that river after it has formed a junction with the Black Cart 
at Walkinshaw House. This portion of the stream does not now bear the 
name of Gryffe, but is called the Black Cart. The carrucate of land men- 
tioned, therefore, lies between the White Cart and the Black Cart. It 
is often referred to in subsequent charters as the insula monachorum or 
Monks' Isle, and perhaps corresponds to Abbotsinch in the Parish of 
Renfrew. The monks were also given for the support of themselves 
and their house a great many churches throughout the county, all within 
the Steward's wide domains, amongst others the Churches of Strathgryffe, 
with the exception of that of Inchinnan ; since Kilbarchan was in Strath- 
gryffe, the Church of Kilbarchan formed j^art of the endowment secured 
to the Abbey by Lord Walter's charter. 

It is not diBBcult for the modern mind to realise the worldly advan- 
tage to be derived from the ownership of lands, mills, rents, etc. — but 
what benefit did the Religious house at Paisley reap, asks the Piotestant, 
from the grant of churches such as Kilbai'chan ? In order to understand 
this, it is necessary to look for a moment at the economy of the National 
Church in Roman Catholic times. Had the Church of Kilbarchan 
not been bestowed upon the Paisley Monastery by the Steward, had it 
remained an independent chiu'ch, the priest at Kilbarchan would have 
had the title of Rector, and as such he would have been entitled to every 
tenth sheaf of all cereals grown in the district served by his church — that 
is, the great or rectorial tithes. Had the Rector been too great a magnate 



KILBAKCHAN IX ROMAN CATHOLIC TIMES. 31 

to stay at home and attend to liis parochial duties himself, he would have 
appointed a vicar or substitute whose emoluments would have been the 
small or vicarage tithe — that is, a tenth part of the hay crop and of the 
produce of gardens, poultry yards, stables, byres, etc. Besides the greater 
and small tithes, the clergy could claim certain fees for baptisms, 
marriages, burials ; and there were in addition altar dues, fees for 
extra masses, the free will otierings of the faithful, and the endow- 
ment of the altars if they were endowed. All these fees, dues, and 
offerings would fall to be divided between the Ptector and his Vicar 
according to the bargain they made. And then over and above all this 
the resident priest — Kector or Vicar — would have a manse, a garden, 
and a glebe. Even when the land surrounding the Church — parishes 
were not yet defined — was much less productive than it is now, a 
Hector of Kilbarchan, if he had taken care to make a favourable bargain 
witli his Vicar, would be in the enjoyment of a large income — large at 
least relatively to the standards of the time. Of course there were 
liabilities ; since Kilbarchan was in the Diocese of Glasgow and in the 
Deanery of Rutherglen, a Rector there would have to contribute so much 
to the Cathedral chapter, so much for Synod fees; he would also have to 
entertain, and to entertain well, the Rural Dean when that dignitary, 
followed by his retinue, arrived to pay his official visit. Part of the 
church fabric, the chancel, the rector would also have to maintain ; 
and when the exchequer of His Holiness at Rome was at a low ebb, he 
could be taxed a year's income to replenish it. But in spite of all this 
outlay the Rectory of Kilbarchan, if it had been left in existence, would 
have been such a provision as was not to be scorned by the needy younger 
son of a nobleman. It is doubtful, however, whether Kilbarchan ever had 
a Rector — a priest enjoying the emoluments of the great tithe ; if it had, 
his comparatively lucrative post was in existence only during the time 
between Queen Margaret's Reform (1093) and the endowment of Paisley 
Abbey. In virtue of the Steward's grant of the Chui'ches of Strathgryffe 
(amongst them Kilbarchan) to the Abbey (1163?) and of Jocelyn the 
Bishop of Glasgow's confirmation charter (1175-1199), the Abbey acquired 
the position of Rector of Kilbarchan, and became the i^ersona vm2xtrsonee 
or impersonal parson ; in other words the great or rectorial tithe went 
not to the maintenance of a local priest, who might have been styled 
" Rector of Kilbarchan," and would have shown some interest in, or re- 
flected some credit on, the Parish, but into the granaries of the Religious 
House at Paisley ; and so the Parish Priest of Kilbarchan down to the 



32 KILBAECHAN. 

time of the Refonnation (15G0), had only the status of Vicar with slender 
emoluments. 

This connection of a church with its rich endowment of tithe, etc., to 
a great religious house, exemplified in the relation of Kilbarchan Church 
to Paisley Abbey, was at the time quite common ; the church so held was 
said to be appropriated. Nineteenth century Protestantism regards the 
system with disfavour. It was simply feudalism introduced into ecclesias- 
tical aflPairs. It had, doubtless, its drawbacks — but it had also its advan- 
tages. As a policy it went not only to produce sleek lazy monks, but also 
to raise up scholars, thinkers, saints. Under it the Parish Priest had to 
be content with a bare competency instead of enjoying comparative afflu- 
ence, but the revenue so cast loose ensured within the monastery walls 
the leisured retirement which fosters virtues us well as vices. 

Though by the foundation charter (11G3) the Religious house at 
Paisley obtained, so far as can be traced, no land within the bounds of 
Kilbarchan Parish, yet the monastery was only a few years in existence 
when a pious knight gave to the monks lands variously described as 
Penuld or Fulton. It was customary in those early times for knights 
towards the evening of their days, wdien weary of the jarofession of arms, 
to withdraw from the world and to seek in the cloister the quiet and 
seclusion of a religious life. This important step they celebrated by 
making a gift to the monastery which received them into its brotherhood. 
A vassal of the Steward's and a Kilbarchan landlord, by name Henry of 
St. Martin, contemplated taking this course and a series of three or four 
charters,^ the earliest executed before 1177, the latest between 1208 and 
1233, shows that, with consent of his son and his overlord, the Steward, 
he made the monks at Paisley possessors of " two carrucates of land 
with boundaries as follows : — Beginning at the water of Grif and 
following the stream which is called Lochoc as far as the rill which falls 
into that stream ; and along the said rill southwards between two hills 
['T\veen-ye-hills ?] as far as the main road which goes to Penald, and from 
that main road in a straight line along the side of the great rising ground 
called Bar-penald towards the site of a certain ancient chapel, as far as the 
adjacent burn, and along it intil it falls into the water of Kert, and along 
the water of Kert until it meets the water of Grif, and along the water of 
Grif as far as the aforesaid stream of Lochoc." - 



Reg. de Pans., pp. 48-50. "Reg. de Pass., pp. 48-9. 



TEMPULL AN CHKATHRAIR JLCIXX, ;.<■., CIiriiCH OF THE 
EO UR ILL USTRIO ( \S 

Inislrniini; Oiihnny Bn'i 



SPECLMEN PAGE OE MANUSCRIPT OF ONE OF ST. BERCHAN'S 
PROPHECIES 

Koijal IrUk Aradem;/. Dublin 
Vide pctf/e ^*0 and foil. 










w» 



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rr?-:6^'i 






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KILBAECHAX IN ROMAN CATHOLIC TLMES. 33 

After the lapse of seven hundred years these marches may be 
ti'aced. It is curious, however, that the total area should be said to be 
only two carrucates, or 208 acres, whereas the real area is of more than 
ten times that extent. This discrepancy may, however, be easily 
explained ; the charter takes notice only of the arable ground, the land 
where "plough or scyth can gang," and leaves out of account the moorland, 
fen and forest among which the cultivated patches lay. The standards of 
land measurement at the time were based on work done, not on area. A 
carrucate was the extent of field which one plough could labour. The 
huge unwieldy ploughs of those days required eight oxen to draw tliem, 
and each tenant of thirteen acres of arable land had to keep an ox to help 
to draw the common plough ; and so eight oxgates, each 13 acres, made 
one carrucate or 104 acres. 

The Abbey never of course parted with its Kilbarchan possessions 
though from time to time it gave parts of them away on long leases and 
in pledge. It appears that before 1204, on the invitation either of the 
Steward or the Monks, a physician. Master Antony by name, was 
induced to settle in the neighbourhood. "We do not know if he was in the 
habit of charging fees for his professional services, but he had at all events 
a salary — 20 merks per annum — paid him by the Abbey. He may have 
found it difficult to get payment as regularly as he wished, and so he con- 
trived to get part of Heiny of St. Martin's gift in pledge in lieu of salary. 
One Thomas, son of Nicholas, a tenant on this land under the Abbey paid 
a yearly rent of sixteen merks for his holding ; this was to go to the 
Doctor, and the balance of four merks he hoped to be able to get out of 
the rest of the land leased to him.^ 

In 1225 a dispute arose between Hugo, son of Reginald, a Knight, 
and the Abbey regarding the land called Achinchoss — if this is Auchans 
it was of course part of Henry of St. Martin's gift. The Abbey, however, 
in its pleading does not say that it was part of the land gifted to it, but 
that it belonged to its Church of Kilhelan (Killallan). The dispute is 
settled by Hugo acknowledging the Abbey as superior and paying half a 
silver merk yearly for providing lights for the Abbey Church.^ Before 
1272 Master Antony, a Knight, possibly a son or a grandson of Master 
Antony the Physician, surrenders tlie lien he had on Fulton to the 
monks, receiving for his rights a certain sum of money tu relieve him 
of his debts ;^ and soon afterwards Thomas of Fulton and Matilda, his 

' Recj. de Pass., pp. 53-5. " /'«?■ de Pass., pp. 372-3. ' lieg. de Pass., pp. 501. 

E 



34 KILBARCHAN. 

wife, get a lease of some of the Abbot's lands in Kilbarchan for the time 
of their own lives and the time of the Uves of their three successive heirs 
— in return for a sum of money paid to the religious house to relieve it of its 
dehts.^ In 1409 William Urri, possibly the third heir of Thomas and 
Matilda, restores the lands of Fulton to the Abbot, i-eserving to himself 
during his lifetime tlie principal holding only - — jDerhaps the house in 
which he lived and the fields adjoining which he and his forbears had 
themselves cultivated. In 1424 a misunderstanding arose between the 
Abbot and Goldp'RIDUS of Nesbit regarding the lands of Auchinchos or 
Auchinch [Auchans?] which formed, of course, part of Henry of St. 
Martin's gift. The case was carried to the King's Council at Edinburgh, 
and it is satisfactory to learn that at length Goldfridus, moved by his 
conscience, abandoned his claim, whatever it was.^ 

Another of the Kilbarchan assets of the Abbey which was much 
valued by the monks was the right of fishing on the Black Cart. This 
was given to them by Alan, son of Walter the founder. There is a 
charter of William the Lion [before A.D. 1214] confirming to them " half 
of the fishing at the exit of Loucwynhok, with the liberty of fishing as 
often in the lake itself as Alan himself fished." ^ James, Steward of 
Scotland, in 1284 confirmed the monks in their right " of fishing . 
in Kertlochwinuok (the Black Cart) below the yare [weir] of Hathen- 
donnam"5 (St. Bride's); and again [1283-1303] he promised that no yare 
should be erected by him "between his ijar at Hachyndunan (St. Bride's) 
and the monk's yar at Lyncleyf " ; that " there shall be only one yar or 
fishing between lake Loucwynhok and the aforesaid yar at Lyncleyf" ; 
but he reserved the i-ight of taking down the Auchendunan yai-e and of 
re-erecting it anywhere else on the Cart within his own land." 

Paisley Abbey had thus considerable possessions in Kilbarchan. It 
drew the great or rectorial tithe of the Parish and perhaps the small or 
vicarage tithe as well ; it owned at least two thousand aci-es of land 
including Fulton, Auchans, Linwood, Blackstone. The first three were 
let to tenants, and yielded annually in rent more than £11 in money, 
about one hundred fowls, and in the form of labour and carting a good 
deal of money's worth. The Abbot usually kept Blackstone in his own 
hands as a home farm ; there he had one of his granges or granaries in 
which he could store the grain which came to him in payment of tithes 

^ Reg. de Pass., pp. 51-3, 55-6. "Reg. de Pass., pp. 56-8. 'Reg. de Pass., p. 70. 

*Reg. de Pass., p. 253. ^ Reg. de Pass., pp. 92-6. ^ Reg. de Pass., p. 254. 



KILBARCHAN IN liOMAN CATHOLIC TLMES. 35 

and rents ; and there too Abbot George Shaw (1472—98), attracted by 
the peaceful beauty of the rural surroundings, retired, after resigning the 
office of Abbot, to spend the evening of his days. The monks had also 
the right of fishing in the Black Cart, wliich doubtless then afforded good 
sport and helped to supply the refectory table. In return the parish 
gained from the proximity of the religions house benefits both intellectual 
and social, of which, considering the civilization of the time, it would be a 
grave injustice to make light. j "^(jP^SO 

We learn a good deal about Paisley Abbey in the capacity of landlord, 
and something of the condition of the Kilbarchan farmers of the time, from 
the Rental Booh which is to be found as an Appendix in Dr. Cameron 
Lees' Historij of Paisley Abbey. j\Iuch of what this Iloll contains 
illustrates Sir Walter Scott's opinion that a religious house made a 
much better landlord than a lav baron did, for this, amongst other reasons, 
that its tenants had opportunities of developing superior knowledge and 
skill in the cultivation of the soil, which was not only to their own profit 
but to the advantage of all with whom they came in contact. The entries 
in the book referred to, extend over a pei'iod of nearly one hundred years. 
It begins with the year 1460, when Abbot Henry Crichton and his bailie 
William Sempill drew u]) a complete list of the Abbey's temporal pos- 
sessions, with the names of the tenants to whom they were let, and the 
rents paid for the holdings. It would be unreasonable to expect their 
successors to show themselves as methodical and minute as modern factors 
are — and the method in whicli the book is kept, is far from satisfactory. 
Those whose duty it was to keep it up to date, made erasures and insertions 
without being careful on all occasions to add the date when the corrections 
were made. Sometimes a new and complete roll is begun, e.g., that in 
the time of Abbot llobert Shaw (1502), but it does not appear to have 
been finished, and it is also full of erasures and insertions. The result is, 
that though we are in possession of a great nvunber of isolated facts, 
it is difficult to arrange them in chronological order, and practically im- 
possible to compile a statement of all the tenants and their rents at any 
particular time. The confusion is aggravated by the fact that while 
lands, such as Fulton, were divided amongst six or eight different tenants, 
the separate holdings had as yet no distinguishing names, and so recourse 
is had to the clumsy expedient of referring to a particular holding as "the 
one which so and so formerly held." In such an expedient, indeed, we see 
some of our modern place-names in the course of formation : Buotstoun 



3G KILBAKCHAN. 

undoubtedlj takes its name from James Bute or But, and Erskiiie Faulds 
from James Erskine — men who were tenants under the Abbey. 

Abbot Robert Shaw drew up, in 1502, a code of rules to which his 
tenants had to conform under pain of fine, or even of forfeiture. Amongst 
other things, tliey were required to be respectful to the Abbot and his 
officers ; to receive and entertain the Abbot's servants when required ; to 
give the Abbot the first offer of any stock (merts, vvedders, or fat swine) 
they had for sale, which he might buy at a fair price ; to be strictly 
moral and neighbourly ; to be punctual in paying their rents and in 
giving their days' labour ; to join in keeping the mill dam in repair; and 
to assist in impounding stray cattle. They were forbidden to acknowledge 
any patron or superior save the Abbot, to rt-peat any slander regai'ding the 
Abbot Of his monks, to go to any mill but the Abbot's with their corn to 
grind, to destroy growing wood, to sub-let their lands, to change or to be 
privy to any change of land marks, or to allow gule (chrijsantkemum sege- 
tiira) to grow on their fields after Lammas (1st August). 

The following is a translation of the portions of the Rental Booh of 
Paisley Abbey, which deal with Kilbarehan lands. 

FOULTON. 
SOth April, lJ-f60.~\lenvy Crechtoun, Abbot, and William Simpil, his bailie.' 

John Simpil, £\ Each of these is to supply four days' labour 

Eobert Clidishede, ... 10 at the harvest time, two cartings (one in 

Maky Thomson, ... ... 1.3 4 summer and another in winter), one day 

William Michalson, ... 13 4 with the harrow, one day at the hay; to 

Henry Browne, ... ... 1 13 4 give 12 fowls value 12 pence, with other 

William Browne, ... ... 1 13 4 services use and wont. Each is cautioner 

John Simpson, ... ... 2 for the other [t.«., frankpledge]. A pledge 

John Paslay, 1 is to be tendered in silver money that the 

days' labour will be given when required. 
Later date, perhaps IJ^BIf.- 

Eobert Synsoun £0 10 with 6 fowls and money pledge for service ; 

with service use and wont ; John Paslay, 
cautioner. 
Janet Cuper, wife of Mai- with service use and wont and money pledge 

colm Saucer, ... ... 10 for service. 

William Symsoun, £2 payable at two terms in the year with ser- 
vice use and wont ; Eobert Symson, cau- 
tioner. 

^ Lees' Pdisleij Abbey, Ivi., Ivii. = Lees' PaUley Abbey, Ixxviii., Ixxix. 



KI LB ARC HAN 
Robert Malcom, 

William Methel, 

John Paslay, 
Peter Brown, 



USi A.D} 

James Bute, 

Peter Brone, 
John Mechelson, 

John Broun, 

Alexander Bute, 

Robert Symson, 

John Brone, 

John Symson, 



Pentecost, 1502.- 

John Brown, door-keeper, 
Robert Brown, his son,... 
Alexander But, 

Robert Symson's widow, ... 

William Symson, ... 

James But,... 
Christian Crafurd,... 

152i A.D.^ 

John Brown, Junior, 



IX ROMAN CATHOLIC TIMES. 37 

10 with pledge money for service, the cane hen, 
service use and wont ; Robert Bar, cau- 
tioner. 

13 4 with service use and wont; John Paslay, 
cautioner. 

10 with service use and wont. 

2 with service use and wont. Brown's two 
holdings were formerly leased by John 
Sempil and Robert Clydishede, and in. 
asmuch as their leases ran for five years. 
Brown's lease shall run to Pentecost 
(Whitsunday), 1475. 

10 upon the resignation of the widow of John 
Paslay, with service use and wont. 

2 13 4 with service use and wont. 

13 4 with service use and wont like the other 
tenants. 

2 13 4 with service use and wont; Robert Symson, 
cautioner. 

10 with service use and wont ; William Sym- 
son, cautioner. 

10 with labour and service use and wont ; 
William Symson, cautioner. 

13 4 with service use and wont ; John Brone, 
cautioner. 

10 and a dozen fowls, and labour, and cartings 
and service use and wont. 

( and 4 dozen fowls with service use and wont: 
I Andrew Cochran, cautioner. 
10 and li dozen fowls, with other service use 

and wont ; Walter Scot, cautioner. 
10 and li doz. fowls, with other service use 
and wont ; John Brown, Senior, cautioner. 
2 and 3 doz. fowls, with other service use and 
wont ; cautioner. 

and H doz. fowls, with service use and 
wont. 



10 
10 



13 4 and a doz. fowls, with service use and wont; 
John Brown, Senior, cautioner. 



Lees' Paibhij Abbey, civ. "Lees' Paisli"!/ Abbey, cxviii. 



'Lees' Paisley Abbey, cxviii. 



KILBARCHAN. 



21 Feb., 1525 A.I). 
John Brown, 



Varioas dates." 

Robert Brown, 



John Brown, his eldest son, 
John Buyt,... 

John Hammyltoun, Gran- 
ger, and Archibald, his 
son. 

John Adam, junr.,... 



John Symsonj son of Robert, 
JohnSymson, 



John Symson (son of Wil- 
liam), 
John Symson (son of John), 

Robert Symson (son of John), 



John Knok of Wrayes, ... 
John Browne, 

William Sympill, of Third 

pairt, 
John Hammylton of Fer- 

Archibald Hammylton, his so 



4 and a doz. fowls, 12d. as pledge for days' 
labour, one carting. 
on the same terms after the death of John 
Knok in Wrayis. 

■i and 4 doz. fowls, with service use and wont, 
viz., 12d. as pledge for days' labour, a 
long carting, but no entry money (John 
Brownys sted 4 merkland). 

on the same terms : concluded at Hammyl- 
ton, 22 May, 1543. 
and one carting, 12d. as pledge fur days' 
work, and 8 fowls. 

the same holding now let to the Hamiltons 
on the above terms ; concluded at Pas- 
lay. 
and fowls, 1 2d. as pledge for days' work, 
one carting : concluded 15 Aug, 1539. 
This is the holding formerly held by 

Archibald Hamtoun, and with his consent 

now let to John Adam. 

1^ doz. fowls, 12d. as pledge for days' work, 
one carting. 

his son, succeeded on his father's death at 
the same rent. 
This is the holding which John Hamilton 

possessed, 10th April, 1539. 

and 3 doz. pullets, 12d. as pledge for days' 
labour, one carting. 

succeeded to this holding on his father's 
death at the same rent ; 8th Feb. 1532. 

with consent of his father by paying the 

same rent, reserving to the father a 

life rent ; concluded at Edinburgh, 18th 

Aug., 1550. 

10 H doz. fowls, 1 2d. as pledge for days' labour. 

succeeded to this holding on the death of 
Knok, 21st Feb., 1535. 

succeeded by consent of the eldest son of 
John Browne. 

succeeded by consent of William Sympill by 
paying as above ; concluded at Edin- 
burgh, 21st August, 1550. 



1 



2 



Lees' Paisley Abbei;, clii. 



-Lees' Paisley Abbty. cli., clii. 



KILBAECHAN IX ROMAN CATHOLIC TIMES. 



Gilbert Cumm3'n, ... 
John Cumyng, his son, 



The Myll of ye Fulton— 
£6 1 1 
6 13 4 concluded at Paisley, 11th June, 1500. 



ArCHYNCHE. 



SOth April H60? 
James Tat, 



H6Jt A.IK- 

James Tate, 



with 1 3 fowls, four days' labour at the har- 
vest, one day with the harrow, one day 
at the hay, with service and carting 
use and wont. 

as before 



Prolnhly somewhat later.'-^ 
James Tate, 



14S4 A.D^ 

Matthew "Walace, 



Latei' dafef.'^ 

^Yalter Scot, 



Walter Scot, 



1503 A.D." 

William Conigham 
of Craganis 



Subsequent date lirohaUy.' 

John Knok and Elizabeth 



4 with service use and wont ; Henry Frog, 
cautioner. 

4 with a doz fowls, four days' labour at the 
harvest, one day with the harrow, one 
day at the hay, with carting and other 
service use and wont. 

4 with a doz. fowls, four days' work at the 

harvest, one day with the harrow, one 

day at the hay, with other service use 
and wont. 

4 with 2 doz. fowls, four days' work at the 

harvest, one day with the harrow, one 
day at the hay, with carting and other 
service use and wont. 

4 with 2 doz. fowls, four days' work at the 

harvest, one day with the harrow, one 

day at the hay, with other service use 
and wont. 

4 with 2 doz. fowls and other services use and 
wont, 1st May, 1505 ; witnesses, Mr. 
Henry Beverage, Mr. Walter Morton, and 
Archibald Warnokis. 

4 with 2 doz. fowls or 1 doz. capons, 4 days' 



Lees' Paiskij Abbey, Ivii. = Lees' Pahleij Abbey, Ixxvii. ^ Lees' Paisley Abbey, Ixxx. 

* Lees' Paisley Abbey, cv. ' Lees' Paisley Abbey, cv., cxviii., cxix. 

''Lees' Paisley Abbey, cxvii. "Lees' Paisley Abbey, cxviii. 



KILBAKCHAN. 



Knok, his wife 



work at the harvest, one day with the 
harrow, one day at the hay, with carting 
and other service use and wont ; witnesses, 
John Knok, William and John Mortown, 
under above rules and conditions {i.e., 
Abbot Kobert Shaw's Rules for the Abbey 
Tenants, 1502, Lees' Puislei/ Abbey, cxvi). 



John Atkyn 

and John Knokis 



John Atkyn 
and John Knok 



Sih March, 15S9 A.D.'^ 
Gabriel Cwnyghame 
of Craganys 



jointly and severally, with 4 wedders, 1 doz. 
geese or 2 merks at the Feast of St. 
Thomas the Less, viz., Glasgow Fair, and 
other service, one being security for the 
other; concluded 8th February, 1519. 

(jointly and severally, in the year 1519), 
with 4 wedders at the Fair of Glasgow, 
one doz. geese at St. Mirren's day or 2 
merks ; one cautioner for the other. 



4 with 2 doz. fowls and other services use and 
wont ; witnesses, Mr. David Hammylton, 
Kector of Thankertoun ; Mr. James Foster, 
Mr. Gavin Hamtoun. 



It is doubtful whether the foUowuig entries refer to Auclians in 
Kilbarchan : — 

^ Lytilhtllis lynt Auchynh. — Feucd to Gilbert Cwyngam for £3 6s. 8d., with service 

use and wont ; cautioners, Ranald Or and William 

Logan. 
* A part feued to John Anderson, upon the death of 

Christian Herryng for 13s. lOd., with service use 

and wont. 
*Achynge, 13s. 4d., land feued to the tenants of Boquhanran. It is a muir stead which 

pays at Martinmas, the whole maill. 



146.^ A.D.'^ 

John Simpill, 

Someivhat later.' 
John Sympyll, 



Lynwode. 

X2 with service use and wont the same as 
John 

2 41 fowls, four days' work at the harvest, 
with carting and service use and wont. 



Lees' Paisley Abbey, cv., cxxii. ^Leea' Paisley Abbey, clii. ■'Lees' Paisley Abbey, Ixxviii. 
* Lees' Paisley Abbey, Ixxix. 'Lees' Paisley Abbey, cxxxviii. 

' Lees' Paisley Abbey, Ixxix. " Lees' Paisley Abbey, cv. 



PEXULD or PEXn'OLIx> 



lil.ACKSlOXK: 



KILBARCHAX IN ROMAN CATHOLIC TIMES. 



Perhaps I4S4 A.D} 

Part to Patrick Sympill, 
„ „ Robert Sympill, 



Date someichat later.- 

Part to Patrick Sympyl, 

Date still later.' 

Part to Patrick Sympill, 

John Sympill, 

eldest son of Patrick, 

£Srd November, 1519.^ 

Part to Robert Cochran, 

April 28, 1541. December 2'. 
Part to Robert Cochran, 

Andrew Cochran, ... 



John Sympyll, 
Patrick Sympyll, ... 



1 and 6 fowls, with service use and wont. 

10 with 6 fowls, with other service use and 
wont; the said Patrick and Robert shall 
not have entrance to the said lease as long 
as their parents are alive. 

1 with service use and wont and 9 capons 
(deleted), 1 8 pullets. 



1 IS fowls, with service use and wont; Andrew 

Cochran, cautioner. 
1 IS fowls and pledge money for days' work 

and other service use and wont. 



IS fowls, with service use and wont ; Patrick 
Sympill, cautioner. 



15J^7^ 
..£10 



12d. as pledge money for days' work, 18 

fowls, one carting, 
succeeds his father on the above condition ; 

concluded at Glasgow, 27th December, 

1547. 
12d. as pledge money for days' work, 18 

fowls, one carting, 
succeeded on the same terms ; concluded at 

Glasgow, 28th April, 1541. 



Blaxton. 

The following are the notices anent thi.s property : — ^ 

Blaxton is in the hands of the Abbot for a grange : the rent it used to yield was 20s., with 
poultry and service use and wont. 

Blaxtoun is in the hands of the Abbot (deleted). One part (from the wood west) is leased to 
John Syme and James Erskine for £10 per annum, free from all other service. 

Blaxton, 20s. land, in the hands of the Abbot. 

Blaxton, a part of . . . viz., Myddilton, 10s. land is leased to James Erskyn and John 
Symmyr, for £10. James Erskyn's part is feued to John Aitkyn, with consent of 

Brown, spouse to the said James and mother of the said John, reserving the 

life rent to the said James and his spouse, by paying as above ; concluded Lythgw, 
14th Jaimary, 1553. 

1 Lees' Paisley Ahheii, civ., cv. = Lees' Paisley Abbey, cv. 'Lees' Paisley Abbey, cxviii. 

*Lees' Paisley Abbey, clii. 'Lees' Paisley Abbey, Ivii., cv., cxviii., clii. 

F 



42 KILBARCHAN. 

A part of Blaxton is feued to Thomas Sympil for . . . 

Another part, with mansion-house and policies, 10s. land, in the hands of the Abbot. 

The ward above the Place, 10s. 

The yard of Blackstone, 20s., to pay at mertymess. 

The fishing of the water of Blaxton wyth the crewis [cruives]. 



n.—Thc Collegiate Chiircli of Sempill. 

Besides Paisley Aijbey, another religious foundation, more local 
though not strictly parochial, drew part of its endowment from Kil- 
barchan Parish. This was the Collegiate Church of Sempill. 

Collegiate Churches according to some writers were the harbingers of 
the Pteformation. Mainly the creation of the fifteenth century, they 
were the outcome of the pious beneficence either of those who had begun 
to look with suspicion on religion as fostered under the auspices of 
rich abbacies, or of noblemen who were jealous of the ecclesiastical hier- 
archy, and had set about catching up the churchmen in the race for power. 
The churches were called collegiate, because they had a college or chapter 
or body of clergy attached, just like a cathedral. This clergy was not 
regular, i.e., bound by monkish rules, but secular. Part of their time 
and energy was employed in the education of boys ; we might say that 
they kept a school — -a school in which more than the rudiments of educa- 
tion were taught. 

A church of this sort was founded by John Lord Sempill in 1504-5. 
The structure which was the material embodiment of tliis nobleman's 
pious design still stands — not altogether in ruins but roofless. It was 
dedicated to God and the Virgin Mary who was to be the chief patron of 
the Kirk ; in honour of all the saints ; for the salvation of King James 
IV., his Queen, their predecessors and successors ; and for the salvation 
of Lord Sempill, his lady, their progenitors and successors. The College 
was to consist of a Provost, six chaplains, a sacrist, and two singing boys. 
Provision was made for the maintenance of this staft'. The Provost was 
to enjoy the Rectory, or to draw the rectorial tithes, of the Church of 
Glassford ; the sacrist was to receive the dues falling to the Clerk of the 
same Church ; each of the chaplains had the rents of certain lands allowed 
him ; the two singing boys were practically bursars receiving their educa- 
tion and their board and clothing from the fifth chaplain, who was to com- 
pensate himself for his outlay under this head by impoverishing the 
ofiice of Parish Clerk at Kilbarchan. The college doubtless was ready to 



KILBARCHAN IN KO.MAN CATHOLIC TIMES. 43 

receive and educate other boys besides the two singing boys, but for their 
education and board certain fees would of course have to be paid. 

The foundation charter and a translation may be found in the 
ArchcBological and Histor'ical Collections of Renfrew (Lochw.innoch), 
vol. i., i>p. 57-76, to which we are indebted for the following extiacts re- 
lating to Kilbarclian : — ■ 

The Fourth Chaplain . . . shall have for his maintenance all the lands of 
Pennale, and the place and dwelling-house which Kobeit Reid formerly inhabited ; besides 
the gardens and orchards of the same with the pertinents, and also 40s. of annual stipend 
from the East Bryntschelis and "West Bryntschelis, lying within the parish of Kilbarchan, 
amounting in whole every year to eighteen merks usual money of Scotland. 

The Fifth Chaplain . . . shall have for his support all and whole the lands of 
Nethir Pennale, with the mill thereof, extending every year to twent3'-six merks usual 
money of Scotland. 

\_Duties of Fifth Chnplain] : — And he shall be organist ; and shall, within the precincts 
of the said Collegiate Kirk, teach daily a school of singing, instructing boys therein, 
according to his ability, in the Gregorian chant, pointed or pricked, and with descant ; 

[Maintenance of the two singinq hoi/s] : — And he [the Fifth Chaplain] shall support at his 
own expense two boys in necessary and becoming food and clothing to serve and sing in 
the said Collegiate Kirk, as is customary in other like kirks of the kingdom ; and for their 
support the said chaplain shall have the emoluments of the parish clerkship of Kilbarchan, 
the presentation to which belongs by law to us, and the fruits thereof amount to ten merks 
every year, deducting the expenses which shall be laid out by the said chaplain on a fitting 
parish clerk serving the parishioners in the said Parish Kirk of Kilbarchan. 

Moreover, the said Collegiate Kirk shall have FOR bread, wine and wax for living or 
commons to be had therein, the five merk lands of East Welland {i.e., Weitland) situated in 
the Parish of Kilbarchan, which also we now grant to the Collegiate Kirk of the Blessed 
Virgin of Lochvinyock ; together with the lands which formerly, by our predecessors for 
the time being, were annexed to the chapel of St. Bryde, in the village of Kenmuir, situ- 
ated in the same Parish ; 

Also, we ordain that if the foresaid Lord John Sympill, or any successor, shall happen 
to present to the chaplainry (ad capellaniam) of Nethir Pennale a chaplain unskilled in the 
Gregorian chant, prick song, in descant, and in the organ, or who is not qualified to instruct 
the boys of the foundation, as is before stipulated, it shall be lawful to the ordinary (the 
Archbishop of Glasgow), for that occasion, in virtue of this erection, to remove him that is 

unfit, and to appoint another that is qualified Also we ordain and desire, 

that if we happen, or our successors, to obtain any indulgences from the Roman Court for 
small oblations towards the maintenance of the lights, the chaplain of the chapel of Nethir 
Pennale (tiuod capellanus capellanie de Nethir Pennale) shall receive these oHerings, and 
shall, once a year, render account, as has been appointed. 

The words " chajjUun of the chajjel of Netliir Pennale," occurring in 
the last sentence of the above quotation, might give rise to the inference 



44 KILBARCHAN. 

that a chapel building existed there. The only chapel anywhere near 
was the chapel at Priestoii and it is almost impossible the reference 
should be to it. The translation ought properly to be " the chaplain of 
the chaplaincy of Nethir Pennale," which indicates the chaplain — the fifth 
• — at the collegiate church of Lochwiunoch who drew his endowment from 
the lands of Nethir Pennale. These Pennales — upper and nether — were 
not the lands, nor parts of the land, in Kiibarchan formerly granted to 
the monks of Paisley — and the note to that efiect in the work from which 
the above quotation is made, is erroneous. " The road at Penuld (apud 
Penuld)," occurs as a datum for a boundary in the charter of Walter the 
feudal supei'ior, sanctioning Henr}^ of St. Martin's gift [Paisley Register, 
pp. 48, 49) ; and in the charter of Henry, the granter, [Register, p. 49), 
the same land is spoken of as "in Penuld." But if we examine with care 
the boundaries of the land given to Paisley Monastery in 1177 we shall 
be satisfied that, almost to a certainty, the Pennales, upper and nether, 
were not included within them. Churchmen were forbidden by the Canon 
law to alienate any of the possessions of the Church or of their religious 
house. Sometimes church lands were let out on rather long leases — but 
then on conditions which ensured that they would revert to their former 
owners. An abbot, acting on behalf of his monastery, was for obvious 
reasons particularly careful that none of his lands should fall into the 
hands of a rival religious conununity. 



///. — Ch'firch Ojffiees and Ojficials in Kiibarchan before the Reformation. 
I.— The Vicarage of Ku.barchan. 

As we have already seen, the lucrative oflfice of a Piectory, main- 
tained by the great teind or tithe, was not in existence in Kiibarchan 
after the foundation of the Abbey in IIG.^. The Parish was thus deprived 
of the services of the class of pei'sons whose social eminence would ha\ e at 
least helped to rescue their names from oblivion. The Abbey Avas the 
impersonal parson of Kiibarchan, and drew all the great tithe exigible 
from the parish, while the parish priest of Kiibarchan was merely a vicar, 
a substitute, a deputy. It is doubtful whether this vicar was permitted 
to enjoy even the small or vicarage tithe ; he may have been put off with 
the altar dues alone — that is, the interest accruing from the small morti- 
fication which the priest who served at an endowed altar was entitled to, 
and such ofierings as the faithful might present to him. Anyway, the 



KILBAKCHAX IN ROMAN CATHOLIC TBIES. 45 

Vicarage of Kilbarchaii was never a position of impoitauce, yet it was 
filled from time to time by clergymen of whom residence was required. 
There are no grounds for thinking that the cure was at any time left to 
be served by a Paisley monk, who would merely have ridden his " sheltie 
across the moor on Sundays and feast days to say mass in the wretched 
chapel." ^ No doubt the Abbey niiiy have grudged seeing the slender pit- 
tance of the vicar go |)ast it. Fain would the monastery have been imper- 
sonal vicar as well as impersonal parson (rector) ; but the vicarage had two 
sharp-eyed protectors in the persons of the Bisliop of Glasgow and of the 
Dean of Rutherglen. These dignitaries had tlie right to levy certain fees 
from the mean vicarage, and their fees, they knew, were more easily 
exigible from an actual and secular priest than from a powerful Abbey, 
which claimed to be exempted from all such jurisdiction. 

Ill a valuation of benefices, which there is reason to believe dates as 
fai- back as 122(3, - it is provided that " the vicar of Kilbarchan is to have 
all the altar dues in name of vicarage." How much, or rather how little, 
these were we do not know ; we can only compare the living with others 
in the neighbourhood. The vicars of Inverkip and Kilmacolm, in the 
same valuation, are to have 100 ^ shillings from the altar dues ; the vicar 
of Killallan, the whole of the altar dues and one chalder of meal ; those of 
Houston, Cathcavt, and Carmunnock, the whole of the altar dues and 
three chalders of meal ; Mearns, 100 shillings or the altar dues, with 
twenty-six acres of land nearest the church. 

In Bagimond's Roll (1275) the Vicarage of Kilbarchan is valued at 
£40 ; again to compare it with its neighbours — it was the same as Inver- 
kip and Mearns, greater by one-third than Cathcart, Eastwood, Killallan, 
and Erskine, and less by one-third than Kilmacolm. 

In a valuation of the sixteenth century, it is put at £34, being the 
same as Inverkip, Meaims, Erskine, Killallan ; so that it has in the inter- 
val decreased in value not only absolutely but relatively as well. 

But the vicar was not free to enjoy without further reduction even 
the humble pittance thus left to him. He was liable in certain fees to his 
diocesan superiors. In the charter already referred to,'* the conditions on 
which vicars held their cures in 122G A.D. are cited, and confirmed in 1469; 
the vicars are to pay procuration fees and the other incidental charges to 
which by law their churches are liable ; they are to be content with the 

'C. Lees, Paisley, p. 228. - Rt(j. rh Pass., pp. 318-323. 

'One hundred shillings sterling would be equal to £60 Scots. ''-Bcr/- de Pass., pp. 318. 



46 KILE ARCH AX. 

above-written vicarages — that is, they are not to seek to exact more from 
the tithe-swallowing Abbey ; and their residence at their churches is to 
be real, and as required, otherwise they shall be deposed. The procuration 
fees arose out of the supervision exercised over the secular clergy by their 
diocesan superiors. The Dean of Rutherglen came to Kilbarchan at 
certain stated intervals, once every two years perhaps, and saw for him- 
self how the vicar was doing his duty. The vicar had to entertain the 
De;in on the occasion of his visit. This practice of visitation fell into 
abeyance, and the expense formerly incurred by the vicar took the form 
of a fee, known as the procuration fee, payment of which was rigorously 
exacted. Besides this, there were synodal fees payable to the Bishop 
and Chapter of Glasgow, and fees sometimes to the Pope. The vicar of 
Kilbarchan must have been a poor man indeed if he had to pay all these 
taxes and keep body and soul together on, say, £40 Scots a year. It is 
always to be remembered, however, that money had then a purchasing 
power which it is now difficult to appreciate, and it is just possible that 
the vicar was content to let the greater part of his official stipend go in 
payment of fees, trusting rather to the offerings of the faithful than to 
any dues or payments which might be taxed by his ecclesiastical superiors. 

Few of the names of the vicars of Kilbarchan have come down to us, 
and of the individuality of any of them we know next to nothing. 

Among the witnesses to a charter of 1225 ^ occurs, " Domino Johanne 
de Kilberhan decano de walle Clud" — Master John of Kilbarchan, Dean 
of the Clyde Valley ; possibly this was a cleric, a native of Kilbarchan, 
who under the Bishop of Glasgow exercised the authority of Dean over the 
chui'ches on both sides of the Clyde. 

There is a series of five charters containing grants to Paisley Abbey 
by Maldovenus, Earl of Lennox, his brother Havel', and Dungallus, in which 
" Rogero vicario de Kilberchan" — Roger, Vicar of KilharcJtan — occurs as 
a witness. In one case " diacono," or deacon, is added, showing that 
Roger had not then attained to full priest's orders. The dates of these 
charters are variously given as 122.5-70 and 1230.= 

In two charters, one of 1270, the other of 1272, amongst the 
witnesses is " Finlaio de Clochotrich clerico," "Fynlaio de Clouchrocherg" 
— Finlay of Clochoderick, a cleric.-^ There is no reason to suppose that he 
was vicar of Kilbarchan, and his territorial designation does not decisively 
show that he belonged to Kilbarchan. 

1 Eeg. de Pass., pp. 372-3. = Reg. de Pass., pp., 158-9, 162, 162-3, 210, 211. 

•' Picg. de Pass., pp. 189-90, 233. 



KILBAKCHAX IX EOMAN CATHOLIC TIMES. 47 

In 1294 the vicar of Kilbarchan — lie is not named — was sent along 
with four other vicars on an important errand by Bishop Robert 
Wishart of Glasgow^ One Robert Reddehow, and Joanna his wife, were 
laying claim to some of the land in the Lennox whicli belonged to the 
Abbey of Paisley. On their claim being contested, the Reddehows 
brought their case before the Icnj or baron's court where the Earl of 
Lennox or his bailie presided. The duty laid upon the five vicars, was 
solemnly to warn the Reddehows against proceeding with the case, and 
the lay court that it had no jurisdiction in this matter, but that the case 
pertained to the ecclesiastical courts alone. If pursuers and bench disre- 
garded this warning, then the five vicars clothed in white sacerdotal 
robes were to excommunicate them, and to denounce them as excommuni- 
cated persons in all the Churches of the Lennox on Lord's Days and Feast 
Days, with candles burning and bells ringing ; and they were to forbid 
the faithful to have any dealings with them whatsoever, i 

In the Rent Roll of Paisley Abbey (A. D., 1474—84), Master James 
Shaw, Vicar of Kilbarchan, is witness to some leases : — 

Jacobo Schaw, vicario de Kilibarquhan.- 
Domino Jacobo Schaw, vicario de Kilbarquhan.' 

One of the feuars of Paisley (a.d. 1490-1545) was a vicar of Kil- 
barchan — Henry Mouss by name : — • 

Quharrell Hill, Domini Henrici Mouss, vicar of Kilbarchan.* 

Possibly the last vicar of Kilbarchan under the old Church was that 
Master John Makquhin who, with consent of John Hamilton, Archbishop 
of St. Andrews and Abbot of Paisley, " granted in fee to Alexander 
Cunynghame of Craganis his heirs and assignees — the church lands of the 
Vicarage of Kilbai'chan (occupied by James Dowgall, Isobel Murdy, 
Margaret Hucheon, Mary M'Kaw, Gabriel Hendirsoun, John Park, and 
James Andro) ; reserving to the said vicar a dwelling house, garden 
and steading occupied at the time by Master Adam Watsoun, Reader in 
the said church : by rendering to the said vicar £10 annually." The 
date of the charter is 1568. It was confirmed by the King in 1575, with 
the proviso that the confirmation will not prejudice the manse and glebe 
reserved to the minister of the said vicarage.^ 

'i.V(/. de Pass., pp. 201-4. - Leea' Paisley Abhoj, p. civ. 

'Lees' Paisley Abbey, p. cxix. ; and Peg. de Pass., p. 355. 
* Hector's Judic. Rec, ii. p. 239 ; and Peg. de Pass., pp. 266, 349. 
^Peg. Mag. Sig., A.D., 1540-80, No. 2412. 



48 KILBARCHAN. 

The motives which prompted the vicar to part with the church 
lands are touched upon in another place.^ It is possible that this vicar 
of Kilburclian was one of two John Macqueens who were accused or 
convicted of an attempt to undo or oppose the work of the Reformation. 
The following is a summary of the indictment to he found in Pitcairn's 
CrimiiMl Trials : — 

Mar. 21, May 10, 1563. Tuo Jhone M'qnhyne', Elder and Younger, for Popi-h 
practices and for an attempt to restore the Roman Catholic Religion at Paisley. 

IL— The Ch.\plaincy of St. C.^tharink's. 

Besides the Vicarage of Kilbarchan, which is mentioned as in exist- 
ence before 1225, there was created in 1401, by the pious generosity of 
Thomas Crawford of Auchinames, another ecclesiastical office which may 
be described as " the Chaplaincy of St. Catharine's Chapel." 2 The foujida- 
tion charter is too long to quote in full, but the following is a summary of 
its contents : — 

Charter of Thomas de Craufurd, Baron of Auchixajiys.^ 
Be it known that I for the salvation of my soul, and of the souls of my wives and of 
the soul of Reginald de Craufurd, my grandfather, and of the souls of our fathers and of 
our mothers, of our predecessors, of our heirs and successors and of all the faithful departed, 

have given, granted, and confirmed to God, to the Holy 

Mary Mother of God ever a virgin, and to all the Saints the whole of my 

land of Lynnernocld, two merks from the land of Glentuijne with all their pertinents and 
easements whatsoever, three merks of the annual rental (payable in two equal portions at 
the customary terms) of my lands of Cakachani, of Corhar, and of the whole land of 

Achinamys for the maintenance of a chaplain ministering at the altar of 

the Holy Virgin Mary in the Church of Kilbarchan or IN A chapel about to be built in 

THE CHURCHYARD OF THE SAID CHURCH The chaplain shall do duty himself 

and reside at the place— shall hold no other benefice — shall not perform the duties of the 
parish priest by saying masses for souls, or in any other respect whatsoever ; if he do 
so, he shall be deprived of office, and cannot anew be presented to it, nor can any pro- 
vision be made for him out of its revenues The light of presentation is 

vested in the Founder, his heirs and assignees, and the right of admitting and instituting 

the chaplain in the Bishop or Chapter of Glasgow If the patron fail to 

present an eligible person within four months of the occurrence of a vacancy, the right of 
presentation shall devolve on the Bishop or Chapter, but without prejudice to the patron's 
rights at a subsequent vacancy ... If the patron or his successors act in any way in 
violation of any of the conditions herein set forth, they shall pay £40 for the upkeep of 

1 Vide Family uf Ciiningliaiiie, fifth lairJ. 

= An enclosure marking the site of St. Catharine's Chapel is used as a bur^ iiig-place by the 
proprietors of Auchinames. 

=> Nisbet's Heraldry, ii., Appendix, p. 88. 



KILBARCHAN IN ROMAN CATHOLIC TIMES. 49 

the fabric of Glasgow Cathedral, besides incurring ordinary ecclesiastical censure and 

sentence The Dean of Rutherglen shall visit the chapel at least once a 

year — oftener if necessary — to see that the patron is carrying out the terms of the founda- 
tion charter The document is signed by Mathew (Glendoning) Bishop of 

Glasgow, John Symple of Eliotston, Robert Symple, Malcolm de Galbrat Lord of Greenock, 
John de Craufurd, brother of the founder, and many others, and is ratified at Arneall 
October 24, UOl, by King Robert III.i 

While the Abbey of Paisley was growing rich by depleting most of 
the other ecclesiastical offices in the neighbourhood, this was one on 
which it never succeeded in laying its hands. The endowments, however, 
^vere lost to the cause of religion at the Reformation by being made over 
to a layman. 2 We know the name of only the last occupant of the office 
— Master David Curll — whose name occurs in the following Charter : — 

At Linlithgow, March 31st, 1565. 
The Queen confirmed the charter granted by Master David Curll, perpetual chaplain 
of the chapel or shrine of St. Katherine in the church-yard of Kilbarchane, — [by which, 
with the consent of James Chalmer of Gaitgyrth now patron of the said chapel (by reason 
of the gift of the wardland of Auchnamys [Wardend ?] with the patronage of the said 
chapel made to him by the Queen), also with consent of James (Beaton), Archbishop of 
Glasgow, his ordinary — he gave in feu to a distinguished young man John Chalmer brother 
german of the said James Chalmer, to his heirs and assignees— the glebe and chapel lands of 
the said chapel, viz., the 4 merk lands of Lymmarnock, the 2 merk lands of Glentyane and 
Dantoun, with an annual revenue of 3 merks from the lands of Calyuchant, Corbair and 
Auchnames in the barony and county of Renfrew ; By giving annually to the said chapel 
the 10 pounds which formerly it was customary to pay, and 3 shillings and 4 pence in 
augmentation of rental ; also doubling the feu duty on the entrance of an heir : — with pre- 
cept of sasine : — AVitnesses, David Campbell, Andrew Chalmer, William Bannatyne, 
William Symple. At Torbolton, 12th Dec, 1564.] Moreover she dispensed with the 
statutes.' 

III.— The Parish Clerkship of Kilbarch.ax. 

There was yet a third ecclesiastical office in Kilbarchan before the 
Reformation ; this was the office of Parish Clerk with an endowment 
yielding ten merks a year. In an episcopal church the duties of the 
Parish Clerk are to lead the congregation in the responses, and generally 
to assist at public worship and at funerals. He is always a layman now 
like the precentor of Presbyterianism ; but in Roman Catholic times the 
Parish Clerk of Kilbarchan was a clergyman, though perhaps only in 

' Vide Nisbet's Systeyii of Heialdry : Fauiily of Crawford. 

^ Vide Family of Crawford of Auehinanus. ' Reg. Mag. Sig 154C-80 a.d. No. IGOO. 



50 KILBARCHAN. 

minor orders. None of the names of those who filled this office have 
come down to us. The office was depleted of its endowment by John 
Loixl Sempill — the patron — on the occasion of the erection of the Col- 
legiate Church of Lochwinnoch (1504-5). The revenue was given by 
the foundation charter to the fifth chaplain to feed and clothe the two 
singing boys or bursars, but the chaplain was to provide " a fitting parish 
clerk to serve the parishioners in the said Parish Kirk of Kilbarchan." 

IV.— St. Bride's Chapel and the Chapel at Prieston. 

Besides those mentioned, there were other two religious foundations 
within the boundaries of Kilbarchan Parish — a chapel dedicated to St. 
Bridget,^ and a priest's dwelling, as the name implies, and according to 
Maxwell's account a chapel too at Prieston. The information available 
about these is meagre in the extreme. We gather from the foundation 
charter of the Sempill Collegiate Church that St. Bridget's Chapel was 
endowed with some land granted by some of John Lord Sempill's prede- 
cessors ; and that the revenue from this is now devoted to providing bread, 
wine, and wax for living and commons at the collegiate church. In 1696 
the chapel, or at all events a house called "St. Bryde's Chappell," was 
inhabited by Thomas Orr, a weaver, and Isobel Jamieson, his wife ; ^ and 
in 1709, 27th December, a John Jamieson married a Margaret Orr, who 
is described as residing there." 

Of the chapel at Prieston, Maxwell writing in 1705 says : — "A little 
to the east of the castle (Ranf urlie) there are vestiges of an old Roman 
chapel ; though nothing remains but the foundation, yet the present 
tenant, Robert Donaldson, says, his fiither remembered the walls three 
feet high. The floor was of clay, which, being dug, contained human 
bones. The farm is called Prieston ; and the house remains the same as 
when the priest lived in it." The house, which has evidently been ex- 
tensively repaired since Maxwell's time, though perhaps not entirely 
rebuilt, is now uninhabited. It is rapidly becoming a ruin, and will 
doubtless soon be removed. About sixteen yards to the north of it there 
are traces of masonry which may lie the remains of the chapel. 

1 The site of •' St. Bridget's Chapel in the Village of Keumuir" ia marked by an ash tree on the 
high road about sixty yards west of the entrance to St. Bride's Mill House. 
-See Poll Tax Bulls. ^ Lochu-innoch i., p. 69. 



CHAPTER IV. 

KiLBARCHAN AFTEK THE REFORMATION, 1567-1G46. 

The wood is fallin, the Church not built 

Nor Reformation end it ; 
The cedar great is now cut doun 
Who first that work intendit. 

— Ehgij en Mr. David CaJderwood, 
Ob. 29 Oct., 1650. 

Date of tiie Reformation, 1560 or 1567— Lack of responsible clergy— Readers— Salaries— What 
became of the wealth of the old Church— The Abbey lands— The Kirk lands— Tlie chaplaincy 
of St. Katharine's— Claud Hamilton's Kilbarchan possessions— Provision for minister or 
rector— Vicars, John Cwynyngharae, Gawyn Hammiltoun— Readers, Watsoun, Cunynghame, 
Cwik, Crawford— Ministers, Fleming, Levingstoun, Bell, Stirling, Hamilton— The Vicar acts 
as Reader — The jogges and lynnen clothes — John Knox of Ranferly profanes the Sabbath — 
Slays his uncle— Robert Cochran's aggravated assault— Holiday makers and their penalty— 
Pypeirs and daunceris— Withstanding a presentee— The Presbytery's Act— Mr. Hamilton 
defies the Presbytery — Professes penitence and gives proof thereof — Absentees from the 
Communion — Noble papists — The Presbytery encourages the Minister to persevere — Sabbath 
breakers — What Presbytery accomplished — Value of Church discipline — A minister who needed 
a bishop. 

No chapter in the history of Scotland, and consequently in the history of 
a parish, is more difficult to write, than that dealing with the Reforma- 
tion. Even the date of that event is variously stated. In 1560 the 
Scottish Parliament passed three Acts — the first abjuring the authority of 
the Pope, the second repealing all religious beliefs save those contained in 
the Confession of Faith, and the third prescribing penalties for celebrat- 
ing, or being present at the celebration of, the Mass. These Acts did not 
receive the Royal sanction. In 1567 the same or similar Acts were 
re-enacted, and on this occasion were ratified by the head of the state — 
the Regent Murray. This explains why the Scottish Reformation is 
dated by some 1560, and by some 1567. In these Acts, however, we 
have the Pteformation only in so far as it was destructive. The construc- 
tive work of the Reformation — the building up and substituting a new 
Church in place of the old on a firm and well-established basis — took a 
great many years to accomplish ; some question, perhaps not without 
reason, whether this has even yet been accomplished. 



52 KILBARCHAN. 

The first diiSculty the Ptefonners had, arose from a lack of ministers 
— of clergymen who could be trusted to preach the Reformed Faith. In 
1574 four parishes — Paisley, Neilston, Kilbarchan, and Mearns — had but 
one minister amongst them : first, Mr. Patrick Adamson, and then Mr. 
Andrew Polwart. Ministers with several parishes under their charge 
were assisted by a class of men known as Readers, one of whom was 
stationed in nearly every parish. The Pieader is described as being " an 
apt man who could read the common prayers and the Scriptures 
distinctly, and could thus exercise both himself and the congregation till 
they grew to greater perfection" in the Reformed Faith. He could not 
be trusted to pi-each lest he should preach heresy ; he was not allowed to 
dispense the sacraments nor to perform the ceremony in marriage. Until 
1578 the clergyman resident at Kilbarchan was only a Reader, and the 
the parish was visited from time to time by a Minister. 

Another difficulty the reformers met with, was that of providing 
competent salaries for their clergy. Only a very small part of the vast 
wealth accumulated by the Roman Catholic organisations ever came their 
way. Almost the whole of the princely endowments of the Abbey of 
Paisley, no inconsiderable part of which came from Kilbarchan, went 
to the last abbot and his family, the ancestors of the present family of 
Abercorn ; John M'Queen, the last vicar of Kilbarchan under the Roman 
Church, leased or feued for his own behoof, though that is not evident 
from his charter, what pertained to him as vicar; and David Curll, 
the last chaplain of St. Katharine's, dealt in a similar manner with the 
endowments of his chapel. In course of time a small portion, but only a 
small portion, of what had belonged to the pre-Reformation Church was 
rescued from the grasp of needy noblemen and too wide-awake churchmen 
and set apart as a very modest endowment for the clergy of the Reforma- 
tion. There was, moreover, a Vicar of Kilbarchan — a vicar only in name 
and in salary — still living as late as 1(528, who intercepted the greater 
part of what would now be regarded as the Minister's stipend, and whose 
discharge of any ecclesiastical duty was spasmodic in the extreme. 

The hold which Claud Hamilton, abbot in commendam, had on the 
Abbey revenues seemed at one time rather precarious. He held the office 
and enjoyed the emoluments from 1553 until 15G8, but then getting into 
disgrace by supporting Queen Mary's cause, he was succeeded by 
Robert, Lord Semple, who held the lucrative post for four years [1568-72]. 
Hamilton was re-established again for five years [1572-9], but again he 
got into trouble, and William Erskine, parson of Campsie, nephew to the 



KILBARCHAN AFTER THE REFORMATION. 53 

Earl of Mar, entered upon the enjoyment of the revenues, until in 1587 
Claud Hamilton once again came into what he mvist have begun to believe 
was his own} The Kilbarchan subjects which once belonged to the Abbey 
for religious purposes, but which now passed into the possession of the 
Abercorns were, according to the charter of date 22nd March, 1591-2, as 
follows : — 

Blaxton, with the mansion, manor and fortalice, and the meadows, woods and moss- 
lands adjacent. 

Fulton, with its mill and its coal pits. 

The lands of Middiltoun, Lynwode, Achanis, Rywrayis, Wyndiehillis, Mureheid, with 
all lands whether waste or cultivated. 

The chiu'ch lands of Kilbarcbeane. 

The tithes of Kilbarcheane, its manse, glebe and all other benefices whatsoever, rec- 
torial or vicarage. 

The patronage of the church of Kilbarchan. 

Claud Hamilton is obliged to institute a rectory in connection with the Parish Church 
of Kilbarchan (as in the other churches belonging to the Abbey) and to grant to the minis- 
ter or rector and to his successors, a manse or glebe together with an annual stipend to be 
paid by him and his successors out of the tithes ; the Kilbarchan stipend to be, " four 
chalders of meal and the small vicarage tithe, i.e., tithes of lambs, of wool, of hay, of flax, of 
geese, of suckling pigs, etc. — expressly excepting the vicarage tithes of the 17 merk lands 
of the Fultounis." - 

Though the dale of this charter is 1587 oi- 1592, its main provisions 
were doubtless being carried out some time before. When we find tliat 
John, son of William Conynghame of Craigans, was presented to the 
Vicarage, 27th March, 1585, we are left in doubt whether the presenta- 
tion was made by Claud Hamilton in virtue of the rights of presentation 
which he at a later period possessed by charter and which he may liave 
exercised some years earlier, or whether this scion of the house of (Jraig- 
enrls is called Vicar of Kilbarchan in virtue of the feu charter of the 
church lands of the vicarage of Kilbarchan granted by John M'Queen, 
Vicar, in favour of Alexander Cunynghame of Craganls, his heii'S and 
assignees, which bears dates 1568 and 1575. There is no evidence 
that Vicar John Cunynghame was an ecclesiastic or even a graduate — 
no evidence that he was an apt man who could read the connnon 
prayerd and Scriptures distinctly — no evidence that he even thought 
it worth his while to try thus to edify the parishioners of Kilbarchan. 



'Metcalfe's Documents and Charters relathnj to Paisleij. 
■Reg. Mag. Sig., a.d. 1580-1593, No. 2070. 



54 KILBARCHAN. 

If there were abuses connected with his tenure of oiiice he was only for 
a short time responsible for them, as within a year Gawyv Hammylton 
became Vicar of Kilbarchan — " placit, 15th March, 1586." Gavin 
Hamilton continued to be Vicar for at least forty years ; for he was 
still alive and in office in 1628 when with others he signed a document 
testifj'ing that Marion Boyd, Countess of Abercorn, who was suspected of 
Popish sympathies, was through weakness and infirmity unable to travel 
and answer for herself before the Privy Council.' He was Vicar during 
the ziiinistries of Fleming, Levingstone, Bell, Robert Stirling, and during 
part of Andrew Hamilton's ministry. These ministers can have been 
but poorly paid since a Vicar appropriated the greater part of their 
stipend. On the occasion of Andrew Hamilton's admission as Minister 
of Kilbarchan [3rd January, 1605], the presbytery cause it to be 
recorded that, 

. . . Gavein Hamiltoun, vicar of Kilbarquhan, is long of before lawfullie provydit 
and admittit be the kirk to the vicarage of Kilbarquhan, manse, gleib and kirk lands yrof, 
and sensyne hes servit ther. Thairfor it is judiciallie concludit be act of presbyterie with 
the advyse and consent of the said Mr. Andro Hamiltoun, That the said Gavein sal posses 
enjoy and brake at his plesor the forsaid vicarage and all pertinents yrof with the houses 
and yaird presentlie possest be him, and tua ackeris of the gleib land, and that indureing 
all the dayes and space of his lyftyme without impediment or trouble of the said Mr. Andro 
or any other his successors quhatsomevir. 

During the forty years when he enjoyed the vicarage (we cannot say 
that he held office), Gavin Hamilton must have been pretty much of ;m 
incubus — or, at all events, so the ministers must have thought him. Yet 
when for two yeai'S there was no minister in Kilbarchan [1603-5] the 
Vicar, either seeing in this an opportunity of displaying his gifts and 
graces, or being constrained by public ojainion to do something for his 
stipend, condescended to perform the duties of Pteader. Whether he read 
the prayers and Scriptures to much purpose does not appear, but he at all 
events kept a very watchful eye on the morals of the parishioners, and 
brought no end of Kilbarchan delinquents under the notice of the Presby- 
tery. Upon the death of Gavin Hamilton, the Vicar, which occurred 
after 1G28, Andrew Hamilton, the Minister, came into the enjoyment 
of a manse, garden, and glebe, and also a stipend which may then 
have been considered competent though it was meagre enough. The 
Beformation clergymen who held office in Kilbarchan before Andrew 

'Itey. of Privy Council, 2nd Series, Vol. II., p. 344. 



KILBAKCHAN AFTER THE REFOEMATIOX. 55 

Hamilton, whether they are called Readers or Ministers, were wretchedly 
paid. 

The first Protestant clergyman at Kilbarchan was Master Adam 
Watsox. It is more than likely that he had been a monk or priest, or 
perhaps he had only been preparing to take orders when the E,eformation 
took place. Upon professing Reformed views, however, he would 
become eligible for office in the Reformed Church. The office he held 
was that of Pteader, not a responsible post. The salary was in keeping' 
with the responsibiHties. The charter of John Makquhin, Vicar of Kil- 
barchan (executed 1568, confirmed 1575), reserves to Master Adam 
Watsoun, Reader in the church, a house, garden, and steading (perhaps it 
is glebe) ; and in The Register of Ministers and their Stipends 
SINCE 1567 is found "Kilbai-chan, Adam Watsoun, xxlib.," i.e. £20 Scots.^ 
This was just the price of one chalder (16 bolls) of victual. The value of 
a chalder to-day is about £13 4s. When we think of his slender stipend 
we find ourselves fervently hoping that, whatever was the progress made 
b}^ his congregation, the Reader at all events arrived at greater 
perfection in the Preformed faith, and that in course of time he secured a 
more comfortable living than that provided for him at Kilbarchan. 

In 1572, Alexander Cunynghame was Reader ; in 1574 his salary 
amounted to £26 13s. 4d. It was at this time, 1574, that Patrick 
Adamson had the ministerial charge of Kilbarchan and other three 
parishes. 

In 1576, Kilbarchan is found dissociated trom the group of four 
parishes (Paisley, Neilston, Kilbarchan and Mearns) and has become one 
of a new group oftliree parishes (Houston, Killallan, Kilbarchan) which 
share the ministrations of Robert Cwik or CuiK. The following is the 
entry under 1576 in the Book of Assignations : — 

KrLEAUCiiAN. — Kobert Cuik, minister, his stipend, xxxiii lib. vjs viijil., with the gleib 
and manse of Houstoun, etc. 
[ ] reidar at Kilbarchan, his stipend, the haill vicarage of 

Kilbarchan vacand xxvj lib. xiiis. iiijd. 

Robert Culk was one of those who in course of time did succeed in 
growing to greater perfection in the Pteformed faith. In 1567 he was 
Exlwrler at Killallan. An Exhorter was higher in office than a 



1 £10 may have come from Cuninghame, the feuar of the vicaraj;e hiiuls, and £M from John 
Chalmer, the feuar of the lands of St. Katharine's Chiipel. 



56 KILBARCHAN. 

Reader, in tliat he was entitled to add a running comment on the 
of Scripture which he read. In 1574 he was minister at KiUailan with 
a stipend of £40 Scots; in 1576 minister of Kilbarchan, etc. ; in 1578 
minister of Kihnacohn, which he left in 1580. lu 1583 one of the same 
name is described as vicarius pensionarius de Cardros. ^ 

In 1577 Robert Ceauford is Reader at Kilbarchan. 

In 1578 James Fleming is Minister at Kilbarchan. He was one of 
ten laureated, or who graduated, at Glasgow University in 1578, and was 
a member of the General Assembly of 1581. " 

In 1591, John Bell is Minister. He had graduated at Glasgow 
University in 1581. He gave only part of his time and attention to his 
parish, being at the same time Regent (or Professor) at the University. 
He was only two years in Kilbarchan — the usual length of an incumbency 
however. He was afterwards minister of Cardross [1593-4], and 
of St. Mary's, or the Tron, Glasgow [1594-1641]. His son, a John Bell 
also, was for a time assistant to his father in the Tron, and successively 
minister of Eaglesham [1631-36] and of Blackfriars or the College Church, 
Glasgow [1636-40]. 

In 1593, Robert Stirling is Minister. He belonged to the Stirlings 
of Law, and by his mother or grandmother was connected with the Craig- 
ends family.^ He had graduated at Glasgow University in 1586. The 
people of Kilbarchan liave doubtless been often accused of much of which 
they have been entirely innocent. Possibly they did not break the heart 
of the worthy and "godly Robert Stirling by their slighting of him," 
though Lady Auchinames, nee Margaret Houston (ob. May, 1641), said 
they did. When anyone complained in this lady's hearing that Stirling's 
successor, Andrew Hamilton, was not all that might be expected of a 
minister, having shown his particularly broad views by joining his 
parishioners In a game of football on Sundays, and his humour by general 
untimely and unseemly merriment, this strong-minded lady insinuated 
with more directness than delicacy that " this infliction In the shape of a 
fifty year old plague of a minister " was just what the Kilbarchan people 
deserved for their behaviour to Robert Stirling. 

Stirling's name occurs at least three times in the Presbytery 
Records : — 



Ricj. Mag. .Si;;-— Charter 601, Jac. vi. 2 CaUenvw.d's Uistonj, Vol. III. 

- Vide, third laird of Craiuends. 



KILBAECHAN AFTER THE REFORMATION. 57 

Dec. 2, 1602. — The Brethren of the Fresbyterie of Pasley .... appoyntit Mr. 
Robert Sterling to entret the contravertit head of religioun touching the Governement of 
the Kirk . . . upon the xxv. of this instant. 

Dec. 26, 1602. — Eftir ye invocation of Godes holie nam be the brethren of the presby- 
trie of Paslay assemblit whin, the kirk of the same, and hereing Mr. Ro' Sterling intrat the 
contravertit head of Religion touching the alledgit soverane authoritie of the bishope of 
Rome over the hale Kirk ; eftir that the sad Mr. Rot. had sustent the defence of the part 
negative of the sad question, and the remanent brethren had in modestie approven the same, 
they hev appoyntit Mr. Johne Lang to mak the exercise, Mr. Thomas Hamilton to eik to 
him, the penult of this instant. 

On March 10, 1G03, Mr. Eobert Stirling is appointed along with 
others to help Mr. Daniel Cunynghame, Minister of Kilmacolin, to deal 
with the Countess of Glencairn, who was accused of "continual absence 
and byding fra the kirk " ; her absence was taken to mean that she was at 
heart a Roman Catholic. 

Between the 10th March and the 14th April following, Robert 
Stirling must have died or demitted his charge, as under the latter date 
we find the following entry : — 

Ap. 14, 1603.— The parochiners of Kilbarquhan giving in yare supplication to be 
supplect (supplied) be ye brethren of ye presbyterie of ye benefit of ye word untill yey 
war providit w"' ane ordinar pastor. It is ordaint yt. everie minister in ye presbyterie, 
day about, suld supple yera. conform to yare suit and Mr. Patrick Hamiltoun to begin 
the next day. 

The vacancy was a prolonged one, lasting for nearly two years, and 
during it, as we have already mentioned, the Vicar assumed the duties of 
Reader and moral policeman. 

Whether it was the Vicar's great zeal or a special laxity of morals 
which prevailed at this time we cannot say, but Kilbarchan was making 
for itself an unenviable reputation by reason of the number of cases of 
uncleanness which Hamilton found it to be his duty to report to the 
Presbytery. The sentences to which the delinquents had to submit were 
far from contemptible, e.f/., one woman — it was a particularly flagrant 



Jly. 26, IGO-i. — . . . was ordeint to remove the said sclander by kowing of hir 
heid and standing sax Soundayes in the jogges frae the iirst bell to the thrid, and that in 
hir lynnen clothes, and then that she cum to the place of publictk repentance within the 
Kirk of Kilbarchean and ther mak hir repentance publictklie xii. Soundayes, as also the 

said Jonet fand J G , elder, burges of Paisley caution under the payne of fourtie 

lib. (£40) for abstinence in tyme to cum. 

H 



58 KILBAECHAN. 

Her partner in guilt appears before the Presbytery in " his lynnein 
clothes." 

Aug. 16, 1604. — . . . and for removing of the said sclander thes injunctiouns 
was prescryved unto him, viz., that in case he redemit not him selff fra the handis of the 
civil magistrat within the Session of Kilbarchen with ane . . . sowme as they sail 
injoyne to him, he sail stand four severall Soundayes in the jogges in his lynnein clothes, 
with his heid and beard schavein, and then mak his repentance in his lynnein clothes six 

Soundayes within the said Kirk, for fulfilling of the quhilkis injunctiouns David H 

burges of Paisley became cautioun under the payne of twentie lib. (£20) as also for 
abstinence in tyme to cum, and the said Alex, [the culprit] becam willing to releiff the said 
David. 

In some parishes the Kirk Session kept in stock two or three habits 
of linen or sackcloth which were lent to delinquents when making- their 
public repentance. 

On November 17, 1603, the Vicar having reported that — 

Jhone Knox of Eamferly had profanit ye Sabbeth and Kirk of ye Lord be evill wordes 
and tumults (arising) yareupon w'' in ye said Kirk, 

is ordained to summon him to the Presbytery. Knox disregards the first 
summons, but thinks it best to obey the second; and so compeai-ing and 
confessing he is ordained — 

Dec. 19, 1G03. — . . . upon Sonday com aucht dayes in ye Kirk of Kilbarchan 
in ye presence of ye congregation eftir sermon maid be Mr. William Brisbane, to com out of 
bis awn seat and yreftir upon his knees confes his offence to God for profanation of ye 
Sabboth and oversicht of his deutie to ye vicar and elders as said is, w"" promeis to satisfie 
farder as ye presbitrie sail think expedient. 

A much more serious crime was laid to the charge of perhaps the 
same person — 

August 2, IGOl. — The quhilk day the brethrein being informit of the filthie fact of 
murther committit be the laird of Kamfarlie in slaying of his father brother. Therfoir the 
brethrein directed Mr. Daniell Cunynghame and Mr. Patrick Hamiltoun comissioneris to deal 
and confer with the said Laird of Eamfarlie quhither if they find any signes of trew repen- 
tance in him for the said sclander, and to report the same to the presbyterie. 

Nothing more is heard of the matter ; perhaps the slander was baseless. 

Assault to the effusion of blood when committed on the Sabbath 
Day came within the jurisdiction of the ecclesiastical courts : — 

6th Nov., 1604. — The quhilk day compeared Ro' Cochran in the parochein of . . . 
as he was lawfullie sumoned and being accused of hurting ane man upon the Sabboth day 
within the parochein of Kilbarchan .... Therefor was sumoned apud acta to com- 
pear before the 6 of Decemb. nixt. 



KILBAECHAN AFTER THE REFOKMATION. 59 

20th Dec, 1604. — The quhilk day .appeared Ro' Cochran, lyk as he was lawfullie 
sumoned to that effect, and being accused for shedding bloode upon the Sabboth day within 
the parochein of Kilbarquhan. The brethrein remittd the tryell and taking evidence with 
the said mater to the session of Kilbarquhan, and ordeins Mr. Patrik Hamilton to concur 
with the said session in tryell of the same. 

Scottish Protestantism viewed with peculiar abhorrence all attempts 
to celebrate, either by religious services or by general festivity, the Saints' 
Days and Holy Days observed by the rest of Christendom. The laity 
did not at once follow the clergy in this ; they may have felt that they 
were being robbed of some of the pleasures due to them. In 1603, 
when Gavin Hamilton was all they had for a minister, and when they 
expected to escape unchallenged, some Kilbarchan men attempted to 
revive the keeping of Christmas. They were reckoning without their 
host. The vicar heard of it and reported the grave offence : — 

Jan. 19, 1604. — The Presbitrie being informit be thare brother Gawane Hamilton, 
vicar of Kilbarchan, that James Andro, Rob. Hendersoun, Jhone Hutchestoun, James 
Hutchestoun, Jhone Haw, James Jamstoun, Patrick Knox, James Crawfurd, Jhone King, 
and William Dougall, usit superstitious playes a lytle before Zuill in ye day callit Zuil- 
evening, come throw ye clachan of Kilbarchan making oppen proclamation and gevin oppin 
libertie to all men to tak pastyme for ye space of aucht dayes as also usit superstitious 
playes upon ye 2G of December at ye Corsford and gave yame selfis to . . . and drink- 
ing. The brethrein ordanit all yc foresaids persons to be sumond to ye next presbiterie 
day be thare brother Mr. Patrik Hamiltoun and Gawane Hamiltoun, vicar at Kilbarchan. 

Feb. 2. 1604. — .... they are ordanit to comper before ye civill magistrat, ye 
laird of Craigends, . . . whom ye brethren requestis to punish yame civillie in body 
and geir, or baith, as he thinks best, and before ye session of Kilbarchan. 

On March 1st, the offenders came up before the ecclesiastical court 
for sentence. The record, however, is incomplete, but it appears that 
making the proclamation was considered the graver offence. Those con- 
victed of this were " to do their repentance in ye publick place in quhyt 
habites " ; while those " who usit superstitious games in ye Crosfurd. 

were to do yare repentance in yare awn clothes ; " and " Patrick 
Knox because of his humble offer of obedience sail mak confession of 
offence in his awne seat." Two offenders who had not appeared had yet 
to be dealt with, William Dougall and Alexander Henderson — the name 
of the latter does not appear in the complaint of January 19. Dougall 
had withstood the summons, thrice repeated, to appear before the Presby- 
tery, but he succumbed under the influence of the first prayer and the 
threat that the lairds of Craigends and of Houston will have him expelled 
from the bounds (April 12). 



60 KILBARCHAN. 

On May Isfc both appear. Dougall is accused of going through 
"the kirkjaird with ane drawn quhinger in his hand." He confesses that 
he was "in company with the pypeirs and danceris," and is sentenced to 
make his repentance " in his lynnein clothes twa Sabboth dayes ; " and a 
burgess of Paisley is found to give security, viz., £20, that he will undergo 
this sentence and abstain from similar misbehaviour in time to come. 
Alexander Henderson confessed to " pyping upon the Sabboth day and 
therby withdrawing the people from the kirk." He is allowed to make 
his repentance in his own clothes. 

The superstitious Christmas pastime of the Kilbarclian people — 
piping on Sunday and going through the kirkyaiid with drawn whingers 
— was not so innocent and childish as that indulged in by William Aitken 
at Lochwinnoch. This worthy when accused — 

Ap. 12, 1604. — . . . of useing superstitious pastyme by disguysing himself upoun 
the last of December, confessit that upoun the said night he put his cloke about his waist 
in forme of wemenis clothing, that he put his sark above his doublet and his naipkin upoun 
his face. 

He was sentenced for this frolic to stand for two days in the public 
place of repentance, clad in sackcloth, and to find security in £20 for his 
orderly behaviour in future. 

The prolonged vacancy in Kilbarchan (April 1603 — January 1605) 
during which the vicar was so diligent and zealous in at least part of his 
duties, was largely owing to certain suspicions about the moral character 
of the first presentee, Mr. Eobert Henderson. Henderson had in 1603 
obtained a presentation from the patron James (Hamilton), Lord Aber- 
corn. The leaders of opinion in Kilbarchan Parish apparently believed 
that he was guilty of the sin laid to his charge — fornication. The 
Presbytery examined witnesses during at least six meetings (April 28 — 
November 24, 1603), trying hard to discover whether there was any real 
foundation for the rumour. Again and again "the parochiners of Kilbar- 
chan," represented on the first occasion, and perhaps on subsequent ones 
too, by Alexander Cuninghame of Craigends, William Wallace of John- 
stone, and John Semple of Weitlands, appeared before the reverend court 
craving that Henderson " sail be repellit and ane qualifit pastore be 
plantit at ye kirk." The Presbytery at length — February 16, 1604 — 
found Henderson clear of the slander against him. A month previously, 
however, January 19, 1604, the presentee had given over his presentation 
in favour of the Presbytery — had, in other words, put himself entirely 
into the court's hands. Considering the amount of suspicion which 



KILBARCHAN AFTER THE REFORMATION. 61 

attached to Henderson, it was well that the Presbytery did not proceed 
with his settlement in Kilbarchan. 

Tn August 16, 1604, the patron issued a new presentation in favour 
of Mr. Andeo Hamilton to the church and vicarag-e of Kilbarchan. The 
Presbytery, when proceeding to put him on trial, indicated that he must 
profess adherence to their Act of April 26, 1604. This Act deserves to 
be quoted : — 

April 20, 1604. — The brethren of the presbyterie findinf; by experience that mony 
young men aspyres to the ministerie and benefices vacand within the presbyterie, being of 

verie many giftes, etc Thairfor it is concludit, That none herefter sould be 

admittit to the pnblick exercise but such wha wald bind them selfis judicially in the bukes 
of presbyterie that they sould nather use nor seek ane presentation to any benefice within 
the presbytrie without ther special} advyse : and that they be obedient to the actes of 
generall and synodall assemblies and to the actes of the said presbyterie, and namelie that 
the act of the generall assemblie anent ambitione, it have place, and be practised heirefter 
within the said presbyterie. 

Meanwhile texts were prescribed to the presentee on which to write 
sermons. His course of trials was, however, interrupted by his venturing 
to defy the Pi-esbytery regarding the Act. He had his presentation to 
rely on — he liad Lord Abercorn at his back. But the Presbytery of 
Paisley could not be defied in the seventeenth century with impunity — 
and so Mr. Andrew learned. He had to make an abject submission. On 
October 4, 1604, he appeared in all humility confessing his presumptuous 
conduct in refusing to be obedient to the Presbytery ; he ottered to sub- 
scribe the Act though he had refused to do it before, and he delivered and 
laid down to the Presbytery his presentation obtained from Lord Aber- 
corn to the rectory and parsonage of Kilbarchan, acknowledging that his 
right and title to the said kirk was to be discerned by the Presbytery 
without appeal from their judgment. The Presbytery could afford to be 
mao-nanimous with Mr. Andrew since he had come to his senses ; they 
thouo-ht good to proceed by entering on further tiial of his life and 
doctrine, and if they found him qualified to admit him to be pastor at 
Kilbarchan. He liad many more texts and trials prescribed, but there 
was no further difficulty. His edict is reported as read on December 6, 
1604; and on January 6, 1605, Mr. Andro Knox (Paisley) and Mr. 
William Wallace (Eastwood) repaired to the Kirk of Kilbarchan and 
"inaugurated him." Though Mr. Andrew Hamilton thus became minister 
of Killjarchan, he was, as regards stipend, simply successor apparent to 
Gavin Hamilton, the Yicar. 



€2 KILBAECHAN. 

Andrew Hamilton, Minister of Kilbarchan [1605-1646], belonged 
to Millhouse in Kilbride. He received bis education at Edinburgh 
University, then an infant institution, having been founded in 1583 and 
known then as the College of King James. He graduated A.M. in 1599. 
At the time of his settlement in Kilbarcban he would be twenty-five 
or twenty-six years of age. The first evidence we have of his ministerial 
diligence is in his reporting to tbe Presbytery that — 

June 5, 1605. — W" Wallace, auld Laird of Jonstoun, and Mgaret Houstoun, Lady 
Achnems, had absented themselves from communion. 

This in the eyes of the Presbytery was a serious offence, for the 
absentees were regarded " as adversaries of the treuth of God." It 
appeared however that their absence was due to carelessness, and 
upon their promising to communicate on the first opportunity, the case 
against them was not proceeded with. The very next year — 

July 3, 1606. — Jon Knox of Ramfarlie, . . . Muir of Rowallan, younger, W" "Wallace 
of Johnestoun, W"' Semple of Bruntscheilis, are accused of not communicating. 

The reasons they give for omitting so plain a duty are various and 
peculiar : — William Semple says that he abstained from the sacrament 
because he was being " slandered by Jon Mchell in Kilbarquhan who was 
using against him unreverend languages" (July 3, 1606) ; John Knox 
abstained " because of the slander he lay under for the slaughter of his 
father's brother which was not yet removed, nor he agreed with the party, 
which he hoped would be shortly " (July 17, 1606); Mure of Ptowallan, 
after being summoned three times, and admonished more than once, 
appears before the Presbytery (October 13, 1606) and says that " he com- 
municated in Kilmarnok, where his residence is, more frequent ; " but he 
is told that he should communicate at Kilbarchan too, when he happens to 
be there at communion time. The process against William Wallace is a 
long one. It turns out that, besides not communicating, he does not 
frequent the hearing of the Word and that he has doubts regarding " ye 
treuth of God presently professt in Scotland and established be his 
Majestie's lawis." The brethren, on understanding that, — 

he was not fully resolved in sum poynts of relligion, . . . appoynt some of their 
number to confer with him and to informs him in ye grounds of trew religioun and heidins 
quharof he doubted . . . and to report yr. diligence in that behalf every presby. day. 

The Popish leanings of the Earl and Countess of Abercorn and their 
household called for a good deal of attention from the Minister of Kilbar- 



KILBAECHAN AFTER THE REFORMATION. 65 

chan, this, of course, because Blackstone, one of the Earl's seats, was in 
his parish. One cannot help remarking on the execrable taste of the 
Earl. His religious feelings may have been sincere enough, but how could 
he batten on the spoils of the old overthrown Church, act the part of the 
patron of many Protestant parishes, and at the same time claim adherence 
to Eome. Like many another, he had probably discovered that profession 
is easier and cheaper than practice. Retainers of the Abercorn family — 
Thomas and Claud Algeo, Isobel Mowatt, Francis Leslie, Mr. Robert Pend- 
reiche, Mr. James Crauford (the latter two probably Roman Catholic chap- 
lains) — and the Countess herself, kept Mr. Andrew Hamilton and his 
apparitor, John Wilson, in employment for about two and a half years. 
The minister must have found it to be an exceedingly difficult and deli- 
cate task to interfere with the family of the nobleman to whose favour he 
owed his living. He cites the recalcitrant Blackstone household from the 
pulpit three times — sometimes John Wilson cites them by fixing a notice on 
the door of their house and coming avvay;^ three times he publicly admon- 
ishes them, but in their absence ; three times he prays for them in public; 
and all that is left for him to do after this is to excommunicate them. The 
other processes were trifling — excommunication entailed sei'ious incon- 
veniences on those upon whom the ban was pronounced. Influence was 
apparently brought to bear on poor Hamilton, and he tried to stop short 
of that. It is also doubtful whether James Law, the archbishop, was quite 
as ready as he should have been to supply the minister with the documents 
necessary. On being ordained by the Presbytery to proceed to excom- 
munication, Hamilton did not do as he was bidden. He absented himself 
from the Presbytery, knowing that if he wei-e present he wovdd be ex- 
pected to report progress. The Presbytery feels called upon to exercise 
its authority ; — 



' John Wilson was a discreet man, quite different from George Ramsay, the Presbytery's 
officer, who, instead of modestly fixing the notice on the door and coming away, interviewed 
Claud Algeo. Instead of receiving Ramsay with that reverent and modest behaviour his errand 
merited, the said Claud " iramediatlie, be the allowance and approbation of his said maister, sett 
upon the compleaner and shamefullie and unmercifullie invaidit and persewed him of his lyffe, 
threw him to the ground under his feete, and with his whole force and strenth punsed him with his 
hands and feete, birsed his bowells and intraills, and with his falded nifles dang and dadded him 
upoun the eyes to the hazard and perell of his ej-es and losse of his sight, and gave him manie blae 
and bloodie straikes till he fell a-swowning ; " and Claud, the master, " most kyndelie and cheer- 
fuUie ressaved him (Algeo) allowing and approveing all that he did." — Eeg. Priv. Con., 5 Ju., 
1628. 



€4 KILBARCHAN. 

May 8, 1628. — The qlk day the brethren onlein Mr. Andro Hamilton, minister at Kil- 
barq", to excommunicate Isso" Mowate betwixt and the next presbyterie day under the 
pane of suspension and that according to the warrand of the Synod holden in Glasgow the 
. . day of Aprile preceding, ordaning likewise that the said Mr. Andro shuld come to the 
churche of Paslay upon a Sunday the ellevint of this instant, and preach there the said day, 
and after sermon publickly confe.ss his oversight and negligence in not excommunicating 
the Countess of Abercorn as he was ordained both by the Bishop of Glasgow and presby- 
terie of Paslay. 

There is a good deal more to the same effect, and Hamilton found it 
was best for himself to do as the Presbytery ordered. Twelve years later 
the same badgering process is repeated, the victims being Lord Semple, 
his mother, and her maid, Margaret Abercrombie ; most of the unpleasant 
duties on this occasion fell to Mr. Alexander Hamilton, minister of Loch- 
winnoch. 

Mr. Andrew Hamilton seems to liave been a man who was ready to 
spare himself all the trouble he could. On the 31st December, 1629, a 
grave breach of discipline is reported from Kilbarchau, and Mr. Andrew 
"is ordeined to tak tryall therein;" on January 14, 1630, he reports that 
"he had used diligence anent the slander. . . . but could find little 
tryall ; " the brethren " ordeine him to Insist in tryall ; " and at seven 
subsequent meetings at which he reports despairingly, they keep on 
"ordeining him to insist." Their perseverance met with success, and the 
case in one stag-e or another engaged the attention of the brethren at 
their fortnightly meetings for about two years. The power of the Presby- 
tery lay in its enormous capacity for persisting. 

Another expedient to which the presbytery had recourse for 
strengthening their rather weak-kneed brother reminds one of the 
compurgatores of Anglo-Saxon law. In the case of a misdemeanant, 
William Patesoune by name, Mr. Andro is " ordeined. ... to use all 
diligence be inqueist of the most famous men and of good report w'' in his 
parochin for tryall of the said slander" [February 7, 1633]. On 14th 
March, Mr. Andro reported that he " had given obedience to the ordinance 
. anent inquisition making of the slander upon William Patesoune, 
and that he had convened a great number out of wch he w*" advise of his 
sessioune had chosen fyiftein men of good report who all in one voice had 
deponed that to their knowledge the said William Patesoune was 



If what Lady Auchinames said of the minister was true, that "he 
went to football on Sabbath after sermon," it is somewhat surprising that 
he had the effrontery to report his parishioners for Sabbath desecration: — 



KILE ARC HAN AFTER THE REFORMATION. 65 

Jy. 2, 1607. — The qlk day Mr. Andro Hamilton delaited Jo" Hall parochiner of Kil- 
barquhan for prophanatiouii of ye Sabbath day by keiping of ane grein everie Sabboth at 
efternone with pyping and danceing. . . . 

Aug. 22, 1633. — The qlk day Mr. Andro Hamilton, minister at Kilbarq", compleined 
of a certane abuse and profanatione of the Sabbath by ane W" Greenleis, paro' of Paslay 
and servit' to James Wallace in Lonebank. 

Nov. 13, 1634. — . . . there was some profaners of the Sabbath his paro'', who 
were disobedient to his Session. ... by name Jon. Fleming and Jo" Miller. 

"Humphray Barbo'"' is reported, June 9, 1636, for "killing (kilning) and 
dressing malt," and " Jo° King," June 28, 1637, "for dressing linning 
cloth " on the Sabbath day. 

On 10th March, 1643, Hamilton desires that some (members of 
Presbytery) be " sent to his parochin as commissionare' to designe his 
mans and gleib. Therefore the Laird of Houstoun, Duchall, Mr. Matthew 
Brisbane and Mr. Jo" Hamiltoun are ordeined to that effect." What 
the difficulty was we do not know — nor yet if they succeeded. 

On October 19, 1643, Mr. Andro is absent from the Presbytery — it 
is known, it is said, by the brethren that he is infirm. His infirmity 
seems to have increased, for when it is reported that "Margaret Allasoune, 
spouse to James Glassfuird, gardiner in Blackston, is popishly affected, her 
case is remitted to be dealt with by Mr. Andro Hamiltoun and Mr. 
Eobert Brisbane," as if he needed a colleague [May 16, 1644]; and though 
he is appointed on the 15th August, 1644, to handle the controverted 
head De libero arbitrio — it is added, " or if he be not able through 
infirmitie and weakness that Mr. James Glendinning supplie and handle 
the poynt, De jJeccato originali." During the year 1645 Hamilton was 
frequently absent from Presbytery meetings ; he seems to have been still 
alive on 18th January, 1646, but to have died before the 26th of 
March, when Mr. James Montgomerie of VVeitlands attended the Presby- 
tery and produced a petition subscribed " be a great number of the 
heritors and elders of the paroch of Kilbarchan desyring Mr. James 
Clandineine, now preacher there, to be recomendit be the presbitrie to the 
Earl of Laudirdaill patrone, to be presented minister of that kirke for 
respitt of the vacancie yrof hi death of umqll. Mr. Andro Hamilton, 
minister." 

The period dealt with In this chapter, 1560 to 1646, and especially 
the latter half of it, corresponding to Mr. Andrew Hamilton's incumbency, 
is an epoch of great importance in the civil and ecclesiastical history of the 
country. Kilbarchan did not indeed suffer appreciably when King James 
VI., with his shambling gait, ceased to be as familiar a figure on the High 

I 



66 KILBARCHAN. 

Street of Edinburgh as the Lord Provost is to-day — and when lie had to 
stop paying his unceremonious and not infrequent visits to various dis- 
tricts of his narrow reahii ; but at this time the parishioners were made to 
feel, as they never felt before, religious restraint as the iron grip of Pres- 
byterianism tightened its hold on the country. The rather luxuriant 
crop of real social evils which it was the endeavour of Kilbarchan Kirk 
Session and Paisley Presbytery to uproot, was due perhaps not so much 
to the censorship of morals under the Roman Church being unduly lax, 
but rather to public opinion having become weakened and debased while 
the seat of authority in religion was being slowly shifted. Kilbarchan 
WHS perhaps in no respect worse than its neighbours — but certainly the 
.sin of adultery wos surprisingly prevalent, and some of the cases were 
particularly heartless. The oath of purgation, in which was employed 
language of surpassing awfulness, seems to have been administered with- 
out due care and to have been taken with unbecoming light-heartedness ; 
but perhaps it was owing to ignorance rather than to defiance that 
some thus escaped the censure of man by imprecating the justice of God. 
Often have the ministers of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries 
been scoffed at and even upbraided for their grandmotherly intervention, 
for their inquisitorial methods, for their prudery in public and tlieir 
indelicacy in the privacy of Kirk Session and Presbytery, but it is due to 
them to say that it was they who brought public opinion the sooner to 
maturity and made it, all the earlier, an instrument for enforcing common 
honesty in the dealings of men with women. And since it is in a great 
measure to them that we owe the social order which prevails to-day, is it 
just, we ask, for us to scorn " the base degrees by which we did ascend" ? 
During this period the Church was sometimes Presbyterian in its 
form of government, sometimes Episcopal — at least in name. To the 
Scottish people Presbytery is hallowed because it afforded the men of that 
time a defensil)le position. In their extremity they seem to have lighted 
upon it. It allowed them to cherish without reserve the antipathies Avith 
which they were saddled and to offer resistance to tenets they rejoudiated. 
It is a position strong by nature, if not also by Scripture ; it has been 
rendered by art doubly strong, perhaps even impregnable ; but time will 
show. They did not deliberately choose it ; they were simply compelled 
to seek refuge in it. It has largely moulded the national character, and 
imposed on the nation a mode of thought. The weak Episcopacy, from 
time to time established, had never any effect for good or bad in form of 
disciphne in Kilbarchan. Andrew Hamilton was just the type of clergy- 



KILBARCHAN AFTER THE REFORMATION. 67 

man who stood in need of a bishop's superintendence ; but thouijh 
three churchmen, Spottiswood, Law and Lindsay, successively occupied 
the See of Glasgow during his incumbency, there is no evidence that any 
of them ever came to Kilbarchan or interfered with the minister in the 
discharge or neglect of his duty. When his conduct called for reproof, 
expostulation came from the Presbytery, and the archbishop's authority 
was used only as something with which to threaten. 

It was during Hamilton's time that the National Covenant, a docu- 
ment pregnant with events in Scottish history, had its origin. It is 
engrossed in full in the Records of Paisley Presbytery (Mar. 14, 1G39). 
When questioned, the Minister of Kilbarchan was able to report that 
none within his parish had refused to sign it (Jan. 4, 1644), but he does 
not say how many, or if any, had been asked. Then too were instituted 
those solemn occasions called Fast D:iys ; perhaps they were too fre- 
quently proclaimed, bringing, as they did, opportunities of self-indulgence 
to the sluggard as well as welcome seasons of devotion to the pious. 

In March, 1640, intimation was made from the various pulpits for- 
bidding piping and dancing "at mai'riage brydeles." Habbie Simpson was 
doubtless dead by this time, but a piper, by name John Simpsoune, was 
engaging in May, 1635, the unwelcome attention of the Presbytery on a 
charge much more shameful than that of piping — for a sin committed, 
however, not in Kilbarchan, but in Houston. 

If we give any credence to the remarks of the Lady Auchinames, 
Andrew Hamilton was far — perhaps too far — from being Puritanic in his 
conduct ; yet even he in the hands of his sterner brethren became an 
instrument, though not a very efficient one, for the correction of Kilbar- 
chan morals and the repression of Kilbarchan gaiety. Perhaps had he 
done the former part of his duty more fearlessly and the latter less 
stringently he might have been more respectfully and not less kindly 
remembered. His ashes probably rest beside those of many of his Ptoman 
Catholic predecessors and of at least five of his successors, though no 
stone marks the place, at the west door of the old Church of Kilbarchan. 



CHAPTER V. 



The Stirlings and their Time — Latter Half of the Seventeenth 
Century. 

"A peaceable, ' solid thinking, solid-feeling,' yet withal clear-sighted, diligent, and conscientious man, 
— alas his lot turned out to have fallen in times such as he himself, had he been consulted on it, would by 
no means have selected. Times of controversy, of oppression which became explosion and distraction : 
instead of peaceable preaching, mere raging, battling, soldiering ; universal shedding of gall, of ink and 
blood : very troublous times ! " 

— T. Carlyle on Robert Baillie : Miscellaneous Essays. 

Jambs Glendinning — Locum fenens 164C-9 — His early career — Unsuccessful efforts to get him 
presented — His philanthropy — His continued interest in Kilbarchan — John Stirling, 1549- 
62,1672-83 — A clerical family — Hia brothers — "The holy groaner " — Jiimes Stirling, author 
of Naphtali — Hiding the Presbytery Records — John's conversion and early difficulties — His 
nurse and foster-father — Hia capabilities — Tri.als for license — Good advice — Procedure at an 
ordination 250 years ago — Kilbarchan New Manse — Disciplining Engagers — Charmers and war- 
locks — The minister as a recruiting officer — A war fund long ago — A too candid parishioner — 
How to deal with papists — Keeping Yule at Castle Sempill — The ecclesiastical boycott — 
Ministers kept busy — Fasts — Parishioners of less than no repute — Satan's revenge — Week-day 
and hall preaching — How the Restoration affected Kilbarchan — Mr. Stirling as an " outed " 
minister, 1662-72 — A spirited minister's wife — Mr. Stirling as an '■ indulged " minister, 1672-83 
— His colleague — Loss of popularity — Conventicles aa rivals to church services — Confusion in 
discipline cases — Lawburrows — The Highland Host in Kilbarchan — A bland minister — Por- 
tentous noise in churches — An obstinate schoolmaster — John Stirling's last day's work — His 
illness and death — Appreciations — James Stirling's incumbency, 1688-99 — His early piety — 
License, call and ordination — The meeting-house and the church — Mr. Stirling's missions — 
Calls to Aberdeen and Barony (Glasgow) — Deforcing the Presbytery officer — Provision for a 
schoolmaster — Sons of Kilbarchan ISIanse in high places — Who preached to Rob Roy I — 
Portents, and how they were interpreted — The Stirling legacies. 

After the death of Hamilton, and until the settlement of Stirling, a period 
of nearly four years [1646-9], tlie Parish of Kilbarchan enjoyed the ser- 
vices of Mr. James Glendinning, who was, however, never actually Parish 
Minister. This gentleman had studied at St. Leonard's College, St. 
Andrews, and had taken his degree there after 1617. He was possibly 
unable under patronage to get a church at home, and so he went to Ulster, 
where there was .settled, under King James VI. 's colon,ization scheme of 
1610, a large Scottish population. According to a diocesan register of 
Down and Connor, he occupied in 1621 the two-fold post of Incumbent of 



THE STIRLINGS AND THEIR TIME. 6» 

Coole or Carnmoney, a parish between Belfast and Carrickfergas, and 
Lecturer at Carrickfergus. The church of Carnmoney was at the time in 
ruins, and the incumbency may have been a sinecure, but as lecturer at 
Carrickfergus " he continued to preach with great applause for several 
years." ^ 

He left Ireland probably on account of the political troubles there, and 
arrived within the bounds of the Presbytery of Paisley in 1644. Here he 
got plenty of work to do ; two at least of the brethren were in infirm health, 
and another was absent ministering to the Scottish army then in the 
field : and Glendinning was sent here and there to supply the vacant 
pulpits. He attended, though not regularly, the meetings of Presbytery, 
and took his turn in the theological and religious exercises with which the 
court opened its jjroceedings — handling the controverted head, preaching 
on the ordinary, and eiking or adding when another expounded. As the 
Minister was in weak health, Glendinning may have frequently occupied 
Kilbarchan pulpit. 

On March 26, 1646, a deputation from Kilbarchan waited on the Pres- 
bytery, and craved that steps should be taken to get a presentation in 
favour of Glendinning from the patron, the Earl of Lauderdale. Similar 
deputations appeared again and again (1646-7) headed by Alexander 
Cuninghame of Craigends, Patrick Crawford of Auchinames, Knox of Pian- 
furlie, and Mr. James Montgomerie of Weitlands, ui-ging for a settlement, 
and sometimes, though not always, suggesting Glendinning's name. On 
one pretext or another the Presbytery always delayed taking any decisive 
step, but enjoined Glendinning " to continue the work in Kilbarchan," 
where he was apparently settled as locum tenens. For some reason or 
other — whether it was that Kilbarchan got tired of Glendinning or Glen- 
dinning got tired of Kilbarchan we do not know — these requests after 
a time ceased. It was not indeed until the right of presentation passed 
from Lauderdale into the hands of the Kirk Session in 1649 that a settle- 
ment was actually arrived at. To the harmony which existed then the 
unselfish Glendinning greatly contributed. 

A credible tradition maintains that Glendinning was well and widely 
known for his philanthropy and " gave very much to the poor, even to the 
straitening of himself and family." His name is mentioned in the roundel 
in welcome of Archbishop Leighton to Glasgow, composed by Francis 
Sempill of Beltrees (1670) :— 

'Reid's Irelaiul, \<,l I., pp. 100, 432. 



70 KILBARCHAN. 

" We think ye do right weil, 

To give to poor your winning, 
In money, malt and meal ; 
We think ye do right weil ; 
We never knew your peel, 

But old Mr. James Glendinning : 
We think ye do right weil 

To give the poor your winning." 

After leaving Kilbarchan Glendinning went to Largs, where he was 
temporarily settled [1649-58], and thence to Eow, where he was 
again temporarily settled " till a way of planting a minister having the 
Highland language be obtained" [1658-65]. He seems to have been 
" outed " along with the other Presbyterian ministers, or, at all events, 
threatened. Wodrow, in his list of ministers who suffered in 1663, 
says : — " Mr. James Glendonyng is added to this Presbytery [Dumbarton] 
in some lists." ^ His name also occurs in connection with a law suit, 1st 
January, 1663, instituted at the instance of Mr. William Douglas, advocate, 
for reduction of a decreet of 1650. An augmentation of the stipend of 
Row had been obtained, but through a mistalie it became incident on 
the free teind belonging to Douglas, to the exclusion of the Earl of 
Abercorn and others." After Glendinning had left Kilbarchan, his fre- 
quent Elijah-like appearances show that he continued to take a deep 
interest in the parish and his protege the minister. 

/. — Joliii StirliiKj, 1049-1673. 

Of all the ministers of Kilbarchan, Mr. John Stirling was probably 
the most celebrated. His fame, however, does not arise from any special 
gifts or graces which he displayed, but to the fact that he was called upon 
to suffer in the great religious persecution of the reign of Charles H., 
and that he acted his part as one of the persecuted not unworthily. He 
was a member of a great clerical family, for the Stirlings enjoyed just 
such honour and reverence as the Macleods of this generation command ; 
and his son James was privileged to contribute to Wodrow's Analecta, 
a shox't but discursive biography of his father ; so that we know more 
about the private life and character of John Stirling than we know of any 
of his predecessors, and more indeed than of most of his successors. 

1 Wodrow's Hisfonj, Vol. I., p. 328. = Connell on Tithes, Vol. III., p. 147. 



THE STIELIXGS AXD THEIR TIME. 71: 

Reference to the following family tree will save the reader from the 
confusion into which he might otherwise fall owing to there being two 
paii-s of Stirlings of the same name ; — 

Alexander Stirling, farmer, Clerkland, Stewarton. 

\ 

I I I I 

Archibald, John, Eobert, James, 

Factor to C'orshill. Minister of Kilbar- Minister of Minister of Paisley, 

chan, 1649-83. Stevenston. (2ud charge). 

I Author of Naphlali. 

Died at Bombay, 1671 I 2. 



James, John, 

Minister of Kilbarchan, 1688-99. Minister of Inchinnan and 

,, ,, Barony, 1699-1736. of Greenock. 

Wrote the life of his father in Principal of Glasgow College, 

Wodrow's ^na/ccte. 1701-28. 

According to his grandson/ Alexander Stirling was " really a godly and 
a very wise man," who " keeped exercise in his family when feu in the 
whole country about him keeped it." His eldest son, Archibald, though 
he could neither write nor read, was a factor. " He was a man of great 
and wonderful! memory. It's said he knew not what it was to forget a 
thing he desired to retean. He would have lifted 15 or 16 thousand 
merks yearly to two gentlemen, Corshill and Dr. Cunninghame, and yefc 
by his memory he would not have miscounted two shillings Scots." 
Archibald married a sister of Alexander Dunlop, Minister of Paisley 
[1644-63], whose elocution, though impressive, was peculiar. "He used 
in the pulpit to have a kind of groan at the end of some sentences. 
Mr. Peebles (LocliAvinnoch) called it a holy groan ; and a relative of 
the Laird of Ramfordly in Kilbarchan said after he heard Mr. Dunlop at 
Paisley, ' Many a good happy word he groaned over my head this day.' " 
It was well the part of the Stirlings to treat their kinsman's peculiarity 
with leniency, if not with approval, for it was largely through Mr. 
Dunlop's influence that John Stirling was settled in Kilbarchan, and that 
James Stirling became the " holy groanei-'s " colleague in Paisley ; and 
perhaps it may have been due to the Dunlops' influence also that John 
Stirling, the second, succeeded a son of Mr. Dunlop's in 1701 as Principal 
of Glasgow University. 

1 James Stirling, minister of Kilbarchan [1688-99] and of the Barony, Glasgow [1699-1736]. 
When not otherwise credited, the quotations in this chapter are from Wodrow'a Analecta, and 
especially from that portion contributed by .James Stirling. 



72 KILBARCHAN. 

Of John, the second son, we shall treat at some length by and by. 

Robert, the third son, was Minister of Stevenston. One of the same 
name was licensed by the Presbytery of Paisley, November 7, 1659. His 
nephew preserves for us the following remark of his, which is creditable to 
his common sense : — " Preaching on my Communion Munday in Kilbar- 
chaii on 1 Tim., vi. 12, ' Fight the good fight of faith,' he said, ' O ! Chris- 
tian or believer, thou may be truly fighting the good fight of faith, when 
tliou art kemping (striving to excel as a champion) on the harvest ridge.' " 

James, the fourth son, became Mr. Dunlop's colleague at Paisley 
when but twenty-three years old. His nephew says " he was very acute, 
and learned, and pious. He had a very polite and accurate way of 
preaching." The once well-known work, NaphtaU or the Wrestlings of 
the CJmrch oj Scotland, owes its origin to him. In consequence of its being 
declared traitorous and seditious, few of the earlier copies have escaped de- 
struction. He also wrote several political skits in reply to those of Francis 
Sempill of Beltrees, who was Episcopalian in his symj^athies. It was 
James Stirling who was credited with concealing the Presbytery Records, 
so that, though sought for high and low by the Episcopalians, they 
could not be found. His nephew restored the book in 1689. After 
being outed in 1662 he went to Bombay to be Minister at one of the 
plantations, where he was much respected. "A son of the Laird of Auchin- 
ames " brought back word to Kilbarchan that " he had all that island 
(Bombay) by the nose." He died in 1671 I 2 from the effects of a fall from 
his horse. 

We return to John, the second son, who was born in 1620. At first 
he was not intended for the pulpit, but on hearing Mr, Ephraim Melville of 
Linlithgow (then a probationer) preach at Stewarton, he was so much im- 
pressed, though only fifteen years of age, that he resolved to study for the 
ministry. His own pithy account of the change wrought in him is — " He 
(Mr. Melville) putt a sturr to my stomach that never did go fiom it." He 
went to a school at Irvine taught by Mr. William Smith, afterwards 
Minister of Largs. This teacher did all he could for his pupil " going 
away" after school hours, " to conferr and pray with him." John Stirling 
needed encouragement. We hear of his going to the minister (David 
Dickson) and telling him that " his learning Latine did not go well with 
him, and he thought it did ill to his spiritual exercise ; and so he thought 
he was called to quitt it. Mr. Dickson, presently perceiving the devil 
working with him in that affair, and he said to him — ' Do you think, 
John, that there is religion and serving God in nothing but prayer, read- 



THE STIRLINGS AND THEIR TIME. 73 

ing, meditation, and hearing of preaching ? Dost thou not think that 
when a webster is sitting on his loom, and working bussy at his trade, 
that he may be serving God as well as when praying and reading ? ' " 
The Latin accidence, however, still troubled the lad ; and, at length 
giving way to despair, he set off for home intending to abandon his 
studies for ever. Fortunately, he met Mr. Dickson, who " put him in 
mind of that one sentence — ' No man having put his hand to the plow, 
and looking back, is fit for the kingdom of God ;' adding, 'John, if you 
can answer that you may go your way where you please ! ' and left him." 
John returned to his Latin Grammar. In course of time he proceeded to 
the college at Glasgow, and after a full curriculum " was laureat " — i.e., 
took a degree entitling him thereafter to be called Master. "He had," 
we are told, " no great talent either for learning languages or philosophy, 
but he was a man of good naturall reach, naturally very wise and prudent, 
reserved and closs." During his college career he was chaplain first in the 
family of Lady E,amsay of Dalhousie, and afterwards in that of Sir 
Arthur Erskin of Scotscraig. In this capacity his duties were to con- 
duct family worship, to say grace at meals, to teach the children, and 
on Sundays to examine the servants in the Scriptures and catechism. 
After a prolonged and searching examination extending over eight weeks, 
he was at length licensed by the Presbytery of Paisley. 

lOth May, 1649. — . . . efter ane exegesis in latine had by him upon the thesis 
given in the last day, he did sustene the thesis in dispute, gave proof of his knwledge in the 
hebrew and greek languages and of his abilitie to open up dark places of scripture, and to 
resolve cases of conscience and being well approven of the prebrie. in these and nil his 
former tryalls, the prebrie. gave him libertie to preach in any kirk within their bounds 
quhar he sould be called. 

On such an occasion advice is usually plentiful, and the young minis- 
ter's "nurse and foster-father" improved the occasion. "When he 
had passed his tryalls Mr. Dickson gave him many excellent admonitions 
with respect to his public preaching and prayer : — That he should be as 
short and succinct as possible, that he might never weary the people ; he 
told him that after he was ordained he would have to live, if he could do 
it conveniently, unmarried four years ; which my father exactly observed. 
When he had spoken much to him about his preaching and administrat- 
ing the two sacraments, he closed up all with this — ' ! study God well 
and your own heart ! ' " Another fragment of Mr. Dickson's sapience, 
not specially addressed to Jolni Stirling however, is well worth repeating ; 

K 



74 KILBAKCHAN. 

" He used to say that men that had evil wives, the best way to deal with 
them was to make much of them, and buy them many bonny things." 

According to his son, it was Mr. James Glendinning and Mr. Dunlop 
of Paisley who were the means of securing the services of John Stirling 
for Kilbarchan. The former " stirred up the Session of Kilbarchan and 
Heretors to call my father, immediately after he had passed his tryalls, 
and said this of him — ' Call this young man, for he is an old-headed and 
experienced Christian, though he be but a young preacher.' " It was 
during this year (1649), that Kirk Sessions became invested with the 
rights of patronage. 

16th Aug., 1G49. — Compeared the parishioners of Kilbarchane and pubed. under their 
hands in wreit ane most heartie and unanimous invitation to Mr. Johne Steirling expectant 
to be y min' at Kilbarchane and desyred that the prebrie. would put him to tryells in 
relation yr. unto. 

Then followed examinations on the same subjects as before, extending 
over about nine weeks. By November 22nd the brethren profess them- 
selves satisfied with his qualifications and order his edict to be served. 
This is returned on December 6th, signed by " Josephe Tenent, schoolm'' 
at Kilbarchan " as read by him " at the skailing of the congregation " ; 
and as witnesses there are the following : — John Kelso, James Speir, 
James Millar, and William Henderson. The ordination took place on 
12th December, at which Alexander Dunlop (Paisley) preached in the 
forenoon and Hew Peblis (Lochwinnoch) in the afternoon ; and 

The prebrie. appoint the said day to be keeped by the prebrie. and parishioners of 
Kilbarchane as ane day of solemn humiliation and fasting . . . and the day . . . 
to be keeped therefter as ane day of humiliation by the prebrie. and congregation in all 
tyme coming. 

His son informs us that " he was the first minister that was ordeaned with 
fasting and prayer in the presbytery of Paisley ; by one minister preach- 
ing, in the forenoon, the dutys of ministers, and ordeaning the man ; and 
another minister in the afternoon preaching the dutys of the people ; 
which custome, since that time, has alwise be[en] continoned in that 
presbytery." 

In view of Stirling's early settlement in Kilbarchan and anticipating 
some difficulty owing to the manse being still occupied by the relict of 
Mr. Andro Hamilton, the Presbytery had in October appointed a com- 
mittee " to sight [examine] the manse and glebe of Kilbarchane and to 
indevoure ane settilling and agriement betwixt the parishioners and the 



THE STIELINGS AND THEIR TIME. 75 

relict of Mr. Andro Hamilton that ane frie entrie may be yrunto by the 
intrant." In this they succeeded probably beyond their expectations, for 
a month later they report " that they had settled the parishioners of 
Kilbarchan and the relict of Mr. Andro Hamilton anent the manse." It 
is unlikely, however, that Stirling ever occupied this house, for, three 
months after his ordination, Mr. James Montgomerie of Weitlands pro- 
poses " to excamb the present manse and glebe . . . with [for] ane 
house and some land belonging to the Laird of Craigends at the said Kii'k 
qch. will be both better and more commodious for the minister, and the 
Presbytery appoint a committee to sight it and make report." Nothing 
further is heard of the matter for nearly three years, wlien it is discovered 
that the new manse, which, though new as a manse, may have been old as 
a house, stands in need of repairs which will cost 850 merks. Of this sum 
Craigends provides 300 merks, and Andro Arthure, Archbald Lokhart, 
John How younger, Andro Sempill, John Paterson, John Adam and Hew 
Sempill are appointed to stent the parish {i.e., the heritors) and raise the 
remainder. The new manse, thus exchanged and repaired, is probably 
the house now known as 14 Steeple Street. The older manse — once the 
Vicar's house — appears to have been at a considerable distance from the 
church, but where it is impossible to say. 

One of the first duties which fell to the newly ordained Minister was 
to subject Francis and James Sempill of Beltrees to church discipline for 
having been amongst the Engagers ; ^ they had " to sitt on a seate before 
the pulpit in Kilbarchan in tym of sermon and yreftir give evidence of yr. 
repentance." Three months before, another Kilbarchan man, John Adam 
by name, confessed a similar offence and made similar atonement. 

Kilbarchan, like its neighbours, could at this time boast of possessing 
persons learned in the arts of witchcraft : — 

14th March, 1650. — The process of the Session of Kilbarchane led against William 
Browne yr. for charming and the presumptione of witchcraft ; recomended to ye civill 
magrt. to be apprehended. 

26th May, 1650. — Declaration being made by the minst. of Kilbarchane of Steven 
Cochrane in Linwood for diverse presumptiones of witchcraft ; it is seriouslie recomended 
to the sess. yt. he be apprehended and ye session of Kilbarchane to procede with tryell yrof. 

After the battle of Dunbar, September 3, 1650, the ministers were 
expected to act as recruiting officers. Though Stirling may not have 

^ The officers of the Scottish Army in England who had made too easy terms with Charles I. 



76 KILBARCHAN. 

been present at Dunbar, like Peebles of Lochwinnoch, he may have been 
enthusiastic in beating up recruits : — 

25th Sept., 1650. — The Comittee of the Schyre having appointed that men vyho are fitt 
and eable for service sould offir themslves willinglie to ye service against the enemye and 
enroll yr. names, yt. they may be readie to goe upon advertisment ; the presbie. appointed 
ye sevall brethrene to intimat this order .... and to stir up all who are fitt and able 
to offer themselves cheirfullie and willingly to ye work. 

In all the churches a collection was made foi- the prisoners taken by 
Cromwell : — 

30th Oct., 1650. — It is appointed that there be a collection out of ye sevall congrega- 
tions for snpplie of the prisoners in ye sectaries hands taken at Dunbar. . . . 

That the minister did not meet with the universal approval of his 
parishioners (possibly no minister ever did) the following entry shows : — 

15th May, 1651. — Compeared Johne Barbour in Kilbarchane confessed reprochfuU 
speiches of the minister yr. uttered be him against ye minister, and yt. be said, it was ye 
Divill yt. broucht him yr. The prebrie. appointed him to acknowledge his fault before the 
congregation of Kilbarchane. 

Perhaps the hardest and least encouraging duty which fell to Stirling 
during the early part of his ministry, was that of attempting to win over 
the noble family at Castle Sempill to Presbyterianism. In connection 
with this Beltrees, the Engager, again got himself into trouble : — 

2nd Jan., 1651. — Compeared F' Semple of Biltrees reported by ye Session of Kil- 
barchane for haunting the fellowschip of ye old Lady Semple ane excomunicat papist ; he is 
appointed to confess his sine before ye congregation and to bewar of ye lyke againe, 
othwayes he will incur hyer censure. 

31st July, 1651. — The Presbrie .... being informed yt. ye Lord Mordingtoun 
dauchtir and the Lord Sempill sistere were in Castell Sempill, Mrs. Hew Peibles and Johne 
Stirling were appointed to speak and confer with them. 

26th Sept., 1655. — The Presbrie. being informed that the Lord Sempill and his familie 
are professedlie papists, and now come to reside within the paroche of Lochwinzech within 
their bounds, they doe therefor appoint Mrs. Hew Peibles, John Stirling and James Alex- 
ander (Kilmacolm) to speak to the Lord Sempill and his familie betwixt and the next 
prebrie. day and to confer and make report. 

Tliis appointment was more easily made than fulfilled. Lord Sempill 
was quite satisfied with his religion. He did not extend a very hearty 
welcome to the Ministers when they notified him of their Intention to 
come and discuss creeds with him. He put them ofl:' from time to time 
with various excuses — it was inconvenient to receive them — he would be 



THE STIRLINGS AND THEIR TIME. IT 

from home on the day mentioned — he had to appear that very day before 
the English Judges at Glasgow (April 30, 1656) etc., etc. When to free 
himself from the pei'sistency of Paisley Presbytery he removed to Southeii- 
nan or to East Lothian, a statement of the stage reached at Paisley in the 
proceedings against him was sent to the Presbyteries of Irvine or Hadding- 
ton. When tired of evasions, he at last consented to meet the Ministers, 
the interview was not encouraging, and they had to report that they found 
him very obstinate. Under citation and admonition, the conduct of the 
Castle Sempill family did not improve. There were presumptions that a 
Popish priest was living at the Castle whom the Presbytery urged the 
Sheriff" to search for and apprehend [20th January, 1658]; and thei-e were 
more than presumptions that John Simpson, a Greenock piper, more than 
once convicted of supplying the music for promiscuous and scandalous 
dancing at weddings, had exceeded the worst of his former errors by 
sharing in the superstitious keeping of Yule Day, 1657, at Castle Sempill. 

The proceedings against the Sempill family occupied the Presbytery's 
attention for about four years. Thrice v^ere they from the pulpit sum- 
moned to tlie Presbytery — thrice publicly admonished, from the pulpit 
also, but in their absence — and thrice solemnly prayed for in church — yet 
they continued wilful, obstinate, and contemptuous. It remained only to 
excommunicate them, and excommunicated they were — Lord Sempill and 
his lady, his uncle, his brother, his sister, and his servant — and Mr. 
Peibles pronounced the sentence in Lochwinnoch Church one Sunday in 
August, 1659. 

A good Catholic like Lord Sempill could of course treat with con- 
tempt the fulminations of Presbyterian heretics, but excommunication 
had consequences which he and his family and liis Protestant friends 
must have found exceedingly inconvenient. A sort of boycott was insti- 
tuted ; without the Presbytery's sanction no one dared liold communica- 
tion with the excomnumicated Papists : — 

19th October, 1G59. — License granted to David Landess to speake to the L. Semple 
he first acquainting Mr. Hew Peibles yrwith. 

7th Nov., 1659. — License granted to Andrew Sempill in Renfrew to speak with the 
Lord and Lady, as necessitie requires, he acquainting his own minister and Mr. Hew Peibles 
therewith. 

Lord Montgomery, who without the sanction of the Presbytery 
" familiarly conversed with the Lord Sempill in his owne family," was 
reported to the Presbytery of Irvine, that " they may take some effectual 
means for restraining the like in time coming." 



78 KILBARCHAN. 

The Yule after his excommunication, which fell on a Sunday, Lord 
Sempill celebrated with more than the ordinary festivities ; and some of 
his guests on that occasion — Alexander Hamilton in Kilbarchan, 
Katharine Blaire his spouse, and Giles Semple, spouse to Clochoderick — 
had to submit to a rebuke before the congregation of Lochwinnoch for 
" familiar conversing, eating and drinking and danceing with the excom- 
inunicat Popish Lord at his superstitious observatione of Yuil." 

Any one reading the Presbytery Records dealing with this time 
must be struck with the numerous public demands made on the Ministers' 
time and energy. During the ten years, 1650-9, there were no fewer than 
234 meetings of Presbytery — an average of two a month. The Minister 
of Kilbarchan was regular in his attendance, and was sometimes accom- 
panied by a Ruling Elder chosen from time to time from among the 
following : — Craigends, John How of Dambtoun, Andro Arthure, John 
Patesoune, David Andrew, William Merschell, Hew Sempill. If absent, 
the Ministers had to give excuses. Nearly every meeting was opened 
with long I'eligious exercises, including exposition. If there was no can- 
didate for license or ordination the brethren took the exercise in turn, 
preaching, however, not an old sermon, but an exposition on a text pre- 
scribed by the Presbytery. A book of Scripture gone systematically 
through sujjplied texts : — 

20th Feb., 1G51. — Mr. Johne Stirling made ye exercise ^Ir. Joline Drysdaill added on 
2 Cor. xi. 9. ; approveii. 

The text for next meeting would be the following verse. 

15th Feb., 1654. — Mr. Johne Stirling made and Mr. Hew Smith added on 2 Cor. xii. 
10. ; approven ; they are appointed to have the exercise vice versa the next day. 

After finishing Corintliians the brethren plodded their way through Gala- 
tians ill the same slow, systematic manner. 

Fasts — days of thanksgiving and of humiliation — were very fre- 
quent : — 

21st Mar., 1G50. — Ane solemne humiliation appointed by ye comission of ye Gnall. 
Assemblie to be keeped the first Sabbath of April is ordained to be observed, and intimation 
of ye causes yrof to be made on ye Sabbath preceding. 

16th May, 1650. — A solemne thanksgiving for ye overthrow given by ye justice of 
God to James Grahame [Marquess of Montrose] appointed to be keeped on Wednisday come 
eight days according to ye appointment of ye comission of ye Gnall. Assemblie. 

Similar entries occur on August 9 and November 7, 1650 ; on January 9, 
June 26, November 6, 1651 ; on August 26, 1652, until — 



THE STIRLINGS AND THEIR TIME. 7» 

24th Sept., 1652. — A letter from Mr. Robert Baillie and Mr. George Young to Mr. 
Johne Stirling, moderator, was red, desyring him to communicat the causes of the late 
assemblie to be keeped by the prebrie. on the dayes appointed by them. The prebrie. finds 
it unfitt to renew another fast so soone. 

But, five weeks later, in spite of this protest, they appoint a day fur 
humihation on account of " the lamentable condition of the work of God 
in the land." 

Mr. Stirling's parishioners needed a good deal of looking after — they 
are charged, and usually convicted, of uncleanness, drunkenness, swearing. 
Sabbath breaking, and disobedience to the Session. 

loth Jan., 1651. — James Cuming, in Mill of Cart, for swearing be Christ's wounds and 
Agnes Sempill, guid wife of Clothodrick for cursing, to wit, biding God's curse be on 
James Cuming and all his family, on the Sabbath day. 

29th Aug., 1651. — William Cochran, in Hallhill, for druckenness, quhilk he confest. 

1st Oct., 1652. — John Rid, in Thridpairt Milne, for cursing the ministers, in bidding 
God's curse be on Peebles, Dunlop, and our owne ministers ; and devil tak shame for not 
keiping the fast, and saying that they have the wait of all the ill comes on us. 

5th May, 165-1. — James King, younger, in Auchindinnan Miln, and his wyfe, ]\Iarione 
Cochrane, and Isobell AVilson, for fectin and flytin. 

11th May, 1655. — Marione Cochran, in Auchindinnan !Mill, for breaking of the Sab- 
both and the profaning a solemn fast, for balking bread on it, and for fechting and flyting.^ 

These were cases reported by the Session to the civil judge, and were left 
to be dealt with by him. 

Within two years, 1G54-6, the parish provided no fewer than five 
adultery cases, to the great shame and confusion of the Minister. But Mr. 
Glendinning came from Largs to see him and gave him the best of encourage- 
ment. " He came to see my father after these five adulterys broke out 
together, and he said to him, ' Sir, the Devil is very angry at you, for he 
thinks you are coming in on his quarters to spoil and rob him of souls ; 
and he is doing all he can to faint and discourage you, by raising all that 
sculduddery work against you ! But be not discouraged, for God is doing 
much good by your ministry, and the Devil is very angry at you.' And 
when Mr. Glendinning went throu the merkat place, to go away from my 
father, he cryed out, ' Bless God for your minister.' " 

If we take the pastoral diligence he showed two days before his death 
as an index of his general diligence, Mr. Stirling must have kept himself 
very busy indeed. On that day he walked twelve miles and conducted 
worship in private houses at least four times, though he was already very 

» Dr. J. F. S. Gordon, in Glasrjov: Hemid, March 1897. 



80 KILBARCHAN. 

ill and weak. In addition to the ordinary canonical services in the Parish 
Church on Sunday, when he often, it is to be feared, preached politics, he 
had a service in his hall (probably the hall of his own house) in the afternoon 
or evening, at which his teaching was strictly Biblical and expository. There 
was also divine service in the chnrch on Friday, which was usually very well 
attended ; Craigends, as we learn from his diary, was almost as regularly 
in church on Friday as he was on Sunday. " After all his public work 
(on Sabbath) he usually keeped a lecture in his hall, to which many 
of the clachan of Kilbarciian did come and severalls from other parts of the 
parish. In these lectures he went over Matthew, Mark and Luke [at] 
least the greatest part of them. And the thing that moved him to keep 
up in his house these evening lectures was this : He was called to visit an 
old woman that was dying, and really found more in her than he 
expected, for he took her to be a stranger to a work of grace, and yet he 
found ther was a work of grace and true conversion wrought in her. He 
questioned her how she came by it. She told him she came to hear liim 
preach publickly in the kirk of Kilbarchan, but she did not know really 
what he would have been at ; for he was preaching then against a sinfull 
torrent of errors, which the English sectarian army [i.e., Cromwell's soldiers) 
had brought in ; ' But,' says the poor old woman, ' I heard you preach in 
your hall when all was done, and then God took me by the heart. Com- 
mend me to the hall preaching, and see that you alwise hold up yours ! ' " 

With regard to the Friday services, his son says : — " Ther was a great 
hunger (desire of religious instruction and exercises) among the people of 
Kilbarchan, the first thirteen years my father was there ; for he had 
preaching every week on the Friday. And he told me, ' In the very heat 
of harvest, he preached on Friday and the kirk would have been full even 
to the very door. The people would have left the harvest for ane hour 
and a half, and heard the preaching with a great greediness, and then re- 
turned to their work presently ; and that dayes work was as well wrought 
as any day of the week ; and their carnall master did never grudge at 
their going to sermon, since he got his work well enough wrought.' " 

On the 3rd September, 1658, Cromwell died ; on the 29th May, 1G60, 
Charles II. entered London in triumph. These events had consequences 
which greatly affected the tenor of Stirling's subsequent life. Though 
Cromwell fought against and defeated the Presbyterian army at Dunbar — 
though the sectaries were vigorously denounced from Presbyterian pulpits 
— though his lieutenant dispersed the General Assembly in July, 1G53, 
and Captain Greine did the same to Paisley Presbytery in the following 



THE STIRLIXGS AND THEIR TIME. 81 

month — yet the Presbyterians of Scotland had very little to complain of 
under the Protectorate. But the 29th of May — the day of the Piestora- 
tion of their once covenanted but now perjiued kiuL;' — was a black day in 
the Presbyterian calendar. The Scottish Parliament met on 1st January, 
1(561, and passed a Rescissory Act annulling all laws passed since 1G33. 
An Act of the Privy Council subsequently forbade Synods, Presbyteries, or 
Kirk Sessions to meet until authorised by the Bishop of the diocese. Mean- 
while at London four Scottish clergymen received consecration as Bishops, 
amongst whom was Fairfowl, the futvu-e Archbishop of Glasgow ; and the 
Covenant was burned by the common hangman. In May, 16G2, an Act for 
the restitution and re-establishment of tlie ancient government of the 
Church by Bishops was passed by the Scottish Parliament. Then followed a 
succession of measures to force men not only to adhere to the new order of 
things, but to abjure and condemn the old. The Covemiut was declared 
illegal; all who occu[)ied public otiices had to abjure it; all clergymi u 
ordained since the abolition of patronage in 1G49, were to be dispossessed 
of everything they enjoyed, unless they obtained a presentation from the 
lawful patron and had coHation from the Bishop of the diocese. 

John Stirling had been appointed by the Kirk Session of Kilbarchan in 
1G49, and ordained by the Presbytery of Paisley; it was therefore 
necessary that he, if he wished to continue to be minister of Kilbarchan, 
should get a new presentation from the patron, probaI)ly the Earl of 
Lauderdale, and be collated by Archbishop Fairfowl. There is no evi- 
dence that he ever thought of conforming. 

The Piivy Coimcil sitting at Glasgow, 1st Octoljer, 1GG2, enacted that 
clergymen who had not conformed should remove themselves and their 
families out of their parishes before 1st November, that their churches 
should be vacant, that stipend for crop and year 1GG2 should not be paid 
to them, and that their parishioners sliould not attend their services or 
acknowledge them to be their lawful pastoi'S. Though the time was 
afterwards somewhat extended, yet 350 ministers, of wliom John Stirling 
was one, rather than conform, left their parishes. They became known 
as ontcd ministers, and, as those wiio suffered for conscience' sake, they 
were held in special reverence by the people. " My father," says the 
son, "enquiring of Mr. Glendiiuiing after the said Ptevolntion, 1GC.2, what 
he thought of the times, ' Very good times, very good times,' said he, ' I'nr 
honest men are now kent to be honest men and knaves to be knaves.'"' 

Towards the end of 16G2, or at the beginning of the year following, 
John Stirling, with his wife and three or four young children had to leave 

L 



82 KILBAKCHAN. 

his laome and face the bleak world. Though di-iven from the manse, 
tlie Mhiister may have Hngered for some montlis about the parish, quietly 
fulfilling- his ordinary duties, until a further Act of Council, August 13, 
16G3, forbade recusant ministers, such as he was, to reside within twenty 
miles of their old parishes, six miles of Edinburgh or any other cathedral 
town, or three miles of any royal burgh. We know little of his move- 
ments during the next nine years, except that for some time he stayed 
at Cunninghamhead, attended conventicles and sometimes preached, and 
that he visited his old parish once at leash " Though he was one that 
preached as much as many men before he was indulged, yet he was 
strangely keeped out of the enemies' hands that they got never power to 
apprehend him or put him in prison. Though one time there was a party 
of soldiers sent to Cunninghamhead to apprehend him. yet he gote notice 
of it before and went to Edinburgh, though ther was one among them a 
naturall friend (near relative) of his own, Robert Montgommery of Giflfen, 
that appeared to be very rude against my father and said, ' We shall have 
him, if he be out of hell ! ' and yet, when the party of soldiers, having 
missed him at his own house, [they] met him in the way riding from Edin- 
burgh with some other gentlemen, that same man stayed a little behind 
and spoke to my father and said, ' We have been at your house seeking 
you ; but God be thanked, we did not meet with you there' " . . . . 
" One James Fleming, that was Corshill's cook, told me that my father 
would come to their meetings for prayer, and that they would have 
desired him to pray, and he would have said, 'lean do notliing but 
mourn.' " 

The following sentences from Wodrow illustrate the inconveniences 
and dangers to which the Minister was exposed during the years he was 
outed : — 

22 June, ICG") — The Council grant liberty to Mr. John Stirling, late minister, to come 
to Edinburgh, and stay about his necessary afiairs for twenty days. And, 20 July, upon 
a new petition he is permitted to continue in Edinburgh for his health, till September 1st. 
We see what unnecessary trouble and changes those worthj ministers were put to, in so 
frequent petitioning for a thing no subject ought to be restricted in, without a crime 
proven against them.' 

This summer, 1670, the laird of JMeldium, an officer of the guards 

aijprehended several good people in the parish of Lochwinnoch, Kilbarchan, and Kil- 
malcolm . . . and put them to very great trouble for hearing the outed ministers. 
The laird of Johnstone, in Renfrewshire, for having Mr. John Stirling, who had been his 



THE STIELINGS AND THEli; TIME. 83 

parish minister at Kilbarchan, in his house, and hearing him preach once in his family, was 
apprehended, and brought before the Chancellor, where it was like to stand hard with 
him. With difficulty his friends got him liberated, upon his giving a bonl of 5000 mks., 
to compear when called. The reverend Mr. John Stirling very narrowly escaped from his 
own house, and was diligently searched for by the soldiers, but got off happily. i 

That Mrs. Stirling was a lady of some spirit is evident from the 
following, which has been preserved by her son : — When William Taylour, 
" one of the choicest Christians in all Kilmarnock .... snid to 
my mother, ' do ye not reu that ye married a minister, when ye see hoo 
they are handled ? ' She said, ' indeed no ; ' and he said, " Fair fall yon, 
woman, that sayes so.' " 



//. — John Stirling as an Indulged Minister, 1672 — SS. 

As early as 1G67 it became apparent that there was little hope of 
coercing Scottish Presbyterians into conformity Avitli Episcopacy ; there 
was, therefore, devised a scheme under which the more law-abiding and 
moderate of the outed ministers might return to their parishes and resume 
the exercise of their ministerial fnnctions. In 1669 an Act was passed 
by which at first twelve outed ministers and soon afterwards thirty more, 
were appointed to vacant parishes. The conditions under which they 
were permitted to return were, everything considered, reasonable enough ; 
they were to confine themselves to their parishes; they were to administer 
the sacraments to none but their own parishioners ; they were not to per- 
mit, much less to encourage, people from other parishes to attend tlieir 
preaching ; they were to be allowed the manse and glebe but only a Ijave 
maintenance from the stipend. 

By a farther Act of Council, September 3, 1(;72, eighty more of the 
outed ministers were appointed to fift3^-eight parishes. According to this 
Act Messrs. John Stirling and James Walkinshaw were appointed and 
ordered to repair to Kilbarchan and to remain there confined, preaching 
and exercising the other parts of their ministerial function within the 
bounds of the parish. Wodrow gives as a reason why Kilbarchan got 
two ministers when one would have suflficed, that it was hoped that by 
multiplying agents divisions would take place, and Presbyterianism thus 



84 KILBAECHAN. 

bring itself into repronch and lose its hold on tla' |)(>puku- mind. Of James 
Walkinshaw, Stirling's colleague, we know very little ; one of the suine 
name was licensed by the Presbytery of Paisley, August 26, 1G57, was 
minister of Baldernoch, was outed in 16G2/ and was arraigned before the 
Council for preaching and keeping conventicles, August 18, 1GG3.- Of 
his diligence in Kilbarchan, or of how he and Stirling got on together as 
colleagues, we know nothing. 

John Stirling had, it seems, some hesitation about accepting the 
Indulgence, but he did accept it. " Before he accepted it," says his son, 
" he seemed to be somewhat troubled, but at length he got that clearness 
from God about it that he was never troubled any more with all that 
they belched out against it." " When people were crying out much 
against the Indulgence, he said, ' I am not much moved with all that 
they call say, for I am piersuaded it was my fluty to accept it.' " 

The ministers who accepted the Indulgence were not in a verv 
enviable |)osition ; the Episcopalians were jealous of them, and had no 
fellowship with them ; and in the eyes of their more steadfast brethren 
who had scorned the Indulgence, they were renegades more culpable than 
the curates themselves. Mause Headrigg's opinion of Peter Poundtext, 
the indulged minister of her parish, was probably the opinion of many in 
Kilbarchan regarding John Stirling — " that Ijlinded man .... 
ance a precious teacher of the word, but now a back-sliding pastor, that 
has, for the sake of stipend and maintenance, forsaken the strict path and 
gane astray after the Black Indulgence."" 

The loss of his popularity in Kilijarchan must have been extremely 
gallino- to John Stirling ; that he could never have "a week dayes sermon 
in time of harvest " (for want of a congregation) may have been the very 
least of it. His .son touches as lightly as he can on this uncongenial 
topic, and would have us believe that the change in the Kilbarchan 
appetite for .sermons was due to the ministry of the (Jurate, David Pier- 
son. " That ten years that the hireling curat was among them, ther was 
a sad and woeful sett of profanity and loosness put upon them ; so that 
they wer then cursing and swearing, who had been a sort (company) of 
sober and moral people before." Vexatious indeed was it for the indulged 
minister to see parishioners passing his church door on their way to the 
perilous but popular field preachings or conventicles held not far from the 

'Hid., i. 328. -Uist., i. 372. ''Old Mortalittj, Cliap. viii. 



THE STIULIXGS AND THEIl; TIME. 85- 

liounds of liis pansli,' where ministers who had sconied the unholy Tiidul- 
gence were hstened to for hours as tliey harangued their tiock with the 
vigour, hut without the grotesqueness which characterised Gabriel Kettle- 
druninde's orations, and where the seventy-sixth Psahn revealed, as it was 
being heartily sung, a new depth of meaning. But Stirling never wanted 
for consoling friends in a time of trial, and his son tells us that at this 
time Mr. Gt^oige Hutche.son of Kili^cahnonel wrote his father "after he 
came to KiUiarchan in 1(J7"_', and had these expressions in liis letter 
speaking of these ministers who preachtd in the fields:— 'They are 
preaching the people from us ; they will in a little preach them from 
themselves and all others. Bread corn must be bruised, honest ministers 
must not want exercise, though it should come from friends ; that they 
being broken or ground smaller thereby, this may the better contribute 
to fitt them for the feeding of the Lord's people ! ' " 

The minister had not long returned to Kilbarchan when he got into 
trouble again. His name appears in a list of nineteen indulged ministers 
arraigned before the Council at Edinburgh, 8th July, 1G73, and fined 
"in the loss of half their stipend, for the year and crop 1G73, for not 
keeping the •J'.Uh of May " — the anniversary of the Uestoration. Presbj-- 
terianism had of course a deep-rooted objection to keeping "any anniver- 
saries or holy days of human institution." Stirling is again before the 
Council, August ILth, 1G77, with about twenty others, for what reason 
Wodrow does not know, but ihiidcs " it is probable it was upon informa- 
tion given of their not keeping the rules" — i.e., the conditions upon wiiich 
they had been granted indulgence. 

The presence in Kilbarchan of a minister not answerable to the 
Episcopal Presbytery occasioned inconveniencies in the procedui-e of that 
body of which it had just cause to complain. One, Thomas Orr, a Kilbar- 
chan man, being citetl to the Presbytery and not compearing — 

Oc-t. 8, 1673. — "The brclhreii, considering the great hurt their discipline sustains by 
the non-cuirence of the Indulged ministers in punishing of scandals which, according to 
the custom and discipline of the church, belongs to the cognizance of Pi-esbyteries, there- 
fore (they) refer this earnestly to the Archbishop and Synod for advice and redress.'' 

But the Archbishop's advice and authority notwithstanding, Stirling's 
status as the minister of Kilbarchan, though a Presbyterian, had to be 
recogni.sed, and it was to him and to his session that Orr was held to 



'Dec. 2, 1674 — Reported that Mr. Ciiuiiiiigliiuiie was conventicling in Greenock and Inverkip 
and James Wallace in tlie house nf Barochan. — Piesh. Hue. 



86 KILBAKCHAN. 

be accountable (December 17, 1673; January 28, 1674). The courtier- 
like Laird of Beltrees, however, in a discipline case in which one of his 
kinsmen was involved (November 4, 1674), overlooked the Kirk Session 
and submitted the case directly to the Episcopal Presbytery. He did 
this probably because he was on the outlook for a government appoint- 
ment and wished to curry favour with those in authority. 

In spite of the Indulgence which secured toleration for Presby- 
terianism, the country was in anything but a settled and contented condi- 
tion. The device of " Bonds of Lawburrows," which made a landlord 
answerable for the conduct of his vassals and tenants, and an Intercom- 
muning Act (1676), which imposed severe penalties on those who had any 
dealings with such as frequented conventicles, were successively tried, 
but proved ineffectual to put down the popular conventicle. The coun- 
ties of Ayr and Renfrew, where conventicles were thought to be too 
common and where the landlords refused to sign the bonds of lawburrows, 
were treated as a hostile country, and were sul>jected to the untender 
mercies of an army of occupation. About ten thousand troops, con- 
sisting of Highland caterans and East Country Yeomanry, known as the 
Hio'hland Host, were quartered in their midst, some in nearly every 
parish, where they lived at free quarters. Though the soldiers were 
nominally under the control of a local committee of the Priv}^ Council, 
yet their depredations seem to have been more extensive, and their 
victims more numerous, than the commands they received from head- 
quarters quite justified. Kilbarchan did not escape the rude attentions 
of the Highland Host, and we find the kindly William Cuninghame of 
Craigends making abatements of rent to two of liis tenants because they 
had been unfortunate enough to have these troops billeted on them : — 

7 Sept. 1G78. — I allowed to John Andrew at his rent paying, as disbursed by him for 
maintenance of the souldiers that lay heir in March, £01 12s. Od. 

5 Oct. 1C78.— I allowed to Jonet Reid, at the compleiting of her rent, as the half of 
her burden for the blew coat souldiers when they were heir, £09 lis. 8d. 

And James Stirling says, "when souldiers came to quarter in Kilbarchan, 
he (John Stirling) was very carefull to visit their officers, and to be very 
civil to them. They would have come and visited him, and this had a 
great influence on them to restrain them from making any abuses in the 
place. They commended him in Haukheid, to the late Lord Ross, as a 
civil and discreet man ; for my fixther was kind and courteouse in all the 
steps of his carriage." 



THE STIKLIXGS AND THEIR TIME. 87 

On Sunday, June 1st, 1G79, a skirmish took place at Drumclog 
between the extreme Presbyterians or Covenanters and some Royal troops 
under Claverhouse, in which the former had the advantag-e ; and three 
weeks later they met again at Bothwell Brig witli quite a different result. 
John Stirling, " who was much against popular insurrections, for he 
thought they could do no good," " was greatly affected and afflicted with 
many good people then going to Bothwell, for he alwise said they would 
only make themselves a sacrihce, and he supposed the best of them might 
be destroyed, as indeed it fell out. He preached at that time much on 
Hab. iii. 16. I observed that [when] the engagement of Bothwell was, 
being a Sabbath, ther was a strange noise and din in Kilbarchan Kirk, 
and in other churches, in the end of the church, as if it liad been some 
seats fallen down." 

In 1681 the famous Test Act became law, which required all holding- 
public appointments to swear tliat they owned the Protestant religion as 
explained in the Confession of 1567 ; that they acknowledged the king to 
be supreme in all matters, civil or ecclesiastical ; that without the king's 
permission they would never consult about any matter of State, and that 
they would never endeavour any alteration in the government of the 
country. The Archbishop required the Presbytery to administer this oath 
to all schoolmasters, doctors, and chaplains within the bounds. On 4th 
June, 1682, "James Cowi, schoolmaster in Kilbarchan," is reported as one 
who has not tt'dcd ; and again on 7th March, 1683, "James Coway of 
Kilbarchan " is one of seven disorderly schoolmasters who have not taken 
the test, and whose names are given "to Baily Paterson, Sheriff"-Depute 
of Ptenfrew, to be dealt with." If Cowie escaped with the loss of his 
situation merely, he was more fortunate than most. 

In the long lists given by Wodrow ' of those who became fugitives 
about this time rather than conform to the demands of the goveriunent, 
there occur, John Andrew, son to John Andrew in Torhil in Kilbarchan, 
and John Young in Tbrepland, and Andrew and William Young, his sons. 
Threpland, however, may be Threj)land in Eaglesbam, not Threplie in 
Kilbarcban. 

John Stirling died at Kilbarchan in the hou.se now known as 
14 Steeple Street, on the 18th July, 1683, in the thirty-fourth year from 
his ordination. A recumbent slab near the west door of the old church 
bearing the letters I.S. probably marks his grave. His wife, Jean 

^Tlist., iv., pp. 14 and fol. 



88 KILBAKCHAX. 

Maxwell, died in 1708. It was, according to his son's account, his great 
wish " that when the Lord came [He] might find him either preaching or 
praying." On the Sunday three days hefore his death lie preached as 
usual. " I remember very well the doctrine he had on the Sabbath was, 
that true believers wer conform to the image of His Son. He showed 
wherein tliey wer conform. Among severall things he came to this, thiit 
they were to be conform to Him in glory ; and in speaking upon that 
wonderful glory he fell into a sort of rapture, wondering and admiring at 
the greatness of that glory ; it would be so great that the believer would 
be ready to misken himself and would then cry out, ' Is this I ? Is this 
unbelieving I, that often evened myself to hell ? Is this He, is this He, 
that I grieved and provoked so much, and that I had such undervaluing 
thoughts of?' I remember also, that when the people did go to run 
away that day before he bad said the blessing, he chapped on the pulpit 
and said, ' How often have I reproved you for this ? It's like you would 
be glad to bear this within a little, and ye shall not get it ! ' And so it 
was, for he never spake any more to them publickly. After that, he said 
'All was done!' In the beginning of th;it dayes work there went 
such a stoun through his body, that he thought he should have stoped 
from speaking anything at all ; but that p.u'n went oft' him, and he 
proceeded, and preached both forenoon iuid afternoon." " And on Mon- 
day he went large two miles to see a sick person at Auchindinnan Mill 
(now St. Bride's), and went u|) to Lochwinnoch to bury a gentleman of 
the name of Ramsay, who had died most suddenly playing at the bullets. 
He was of tlie house of Dervisse (Dalliousie), where my father had been 
chaplain some time. He came well home to Kilbarchan. On the Monday 
evening he caused me to walk with him doun to Johnstouii, about half a 
mile from his own house. He made exercise there and supped ; and I 
came home with him, and he made exercise in his own house and went to 
his bed that night better than he had done ten weeks before. But Tues- 
day morning early, about three or four in the morning, he takes a great 

unweelness in his stomach He lay the most part of that day 

and sleeped and souched nou and then .... He seemed to grou a 
litle better in the evening, and sat up a litle and talked some to a gentle- 
woman who came to visit him. My mother would have had my sister 
Elizabeth sent for, who was then at Blackstoun, about three miles from 
the Kirk of Kilbarchan. He appeared angry at my mother and said, 
' Ye will still make a noyse and all the country adoe with my unweelness!' 
Aye the nearer it came to night he greu the worse. We 



THE STIRLINGS AND THEIR TIME. 89 

sent for Dr. Johnstoun, but it was to noe purpose. The Doctor called his 
disease an overflowing of the gall ; within a very litle time he greu so 
weak that he could not speak to us. We saw him much taken up and 
exercised. We asked him how it was with him ? He answered it was 
all well ! Yet he held out his hand to me and looked to me, but could 
not speak. My mother said to him, ' Will you not leave your blessing to 
me and your bairns V He said. ' I have not that to do till nou ! ' So on 
Wednesday morning, being July 18, 1683, he dyed about seven of the 
clock." 

Tlie son, who has very carefully gathered up and put on record all 
the favourable remarks made of his father as a man and a minister, 
admits that " he had not at all the gift of eloquent speaking about him, 
bathe was very solid and mighty Scripturall." "When he was well 
assisted in preaching ye would have thought him smiling when he uttei-ed 
some sweet expressions. He spoke ordinarily with great affection and 
fervency and vehemency, so that he was very weary when he ended 
his Sabbath dayes work." 

He prepared carefully for his pulpit duties, but he was not 
above preaching old sermons, or at least of deliberately making use 
of old material. " His servant, Robert Paislay, observed him to 
pray a great part of the Saturday, having studied his sermon before ; 
and he would have overheard him saying to God, ' Lord, we have been 
thinking on somewhat to be spoken to this people, but if thou see it 
not fitt for them, O will thou suggest somewhat to me that Thou see 
will be more fitt for them.' " " His eyes did much fail him before his 
death, so that he could not read his old notes ; he would have called 
me, and I would have read them to him, being well acquainted with 
his hand. He would have caused me to sitt down and write some 
notes of his sermon to him ; and such was his moderty (modesty) and 
humility, that he would have said to me, Wliat would ye say more 
than this ? I told him that I was not one that could help him 
by my invention." "That good man John Knox would have said of 
my father — ' O ! but Mr. John Stirling is a man of great faith.'" " He 
had very much sound substantial! matter in all his sermons. Sir 
George Maxwell unce said to him at the Communion of Stevi^arton — 
' Mr. John, you are a very ill steward, for you might have made two 
or three preachings of this one ye have nou delivered ! ' He had so 
much matter in it." " Some knouing Christian said of my father 
that he was ' a solid sicker preacher, and a good sole-aground (sheet 

M 



90 KILBARCHAN. 

anchor or one standing firm on level ground).' Mr. Hutcheson, his 
neighbour in Kilellan, said, ' I was made to admire him for his great 
wisdom and prudence, and his great gift of preaching. Particularly at 
one of my Communions he preached on the Munday most notable on that 
text, Heb. iv. 7. I scarce ever heard a greater sermon, and I thought 
after that I would think shame to go and preach to my people after him, 
for, said he, I thought my preaching would never gust in their gab after 
that they had heard such a choice and notable sermon.' " One Thomas 
Hall deserves to be kindly remembered for the quiet but effective manner 
in which he encouraged the minister. Stirling was preaching one day on 
Luke xix. 14, " when he beheld the city, he wept over it " and " thought 
himself much deserted and greatly straited and compleaned of this to 
Thomas Hall. Thomas said to him, ' When ye but read your text, it was 
preaching enough to me!' Yet my father could not be satisfied till he 
preached again on the same text ; and got great liberty and enlargement 
of spirit, and the good old laird of Craigends, Alexander Cuninghanie, 
wrote it and read it over to his family with a great deal of affection and 
seriousnes." 

Stirling would appear to have been a grave, silent, reticent man, as 
became one who lived in times of persecution. He talked little himself, 
except in the pulpit, and disliked much talk in others : " My father 
greatly abhorred a talkative temper of speaking too much. He called 
them ' a bagg of clatter ' " " He was " (for his time, and compared with 
most, we presume) " very short in family prayer. He followed what 
great Mr. Dickson directed him to do as to that : and all his public 
preaching and prayer. . . . He used much that expression, in his 
family prayer, ' O, that thou would make us seriouse and single, and pour 
floods on our dry ground.' " 



III.— James Stirling, 168S-1699. 

James Stirling, the eldest son of John Stirling, Minister of Kil- 
barchan, whose biography of his father we have so frequently quoted 
from, was probably born in the old manse, now 14 Steeple Street, in or 
after the year 1654. Wodrow tells us that he "was very piouse and 
seriouse. When about six or seven years old, he was still praying when 
in the louest classe of the Grammar School. When he had finished his 
lessons he would have taken out his Bible and fallen to reading it, and 



THE STIRLINGS AND THEIR TIME. 91 

then with his head in a nook prayed." His father liad early directed 
his mind towards sacred things : " I reraerabei-," he says, " my father 
desired me and my brother (possibly the future Principal of Glasgow 
University) to set down in write our observations on God's special provi- 
dences towards us, for, he said, he was very faulty in that himself, in that 
he had not written severall things anent his Christian exercise." Intel- 
lectually James was not so promising a boy as his brother John, for whom 
the most brilliant career was prophesied, but he was blessed with a more 
equable and hopeful temperament : " My father would have desired me 
to speak to my brother John when he was much exercised and troubled. 
I answered, ' Sir, you are more fitt to deal with him than I, and I wonder 
much that you should desire me to speak to him, who am but a novice, 
when compared with you.' He said, ' He. will readily take more heed to 
what ye say to him than to what I shall say.' " 

James was licensed by the Presbytery of Glasgow (Presbyterian) 
on December 21, 1687. Paisley Presbytery was not re-constituted 
until December 27, 1G87. On March 12, 1688, Craigends appeared 
before the Presbytery desiring its concurrence " in order to ane call to 
be given to Mr. James Stirling, probationer." A call was afterwards 
found to be " very unanimously subscrived," and Mr. Stirling was taken 
on trials with a view to his ordination. Having passed his examination, 
he was ordained on the 8th June " by fasting, prayer, and the imposition 
of hands," probably not in the Church but in a Meeting-house which had 
been erected under Craigends' supervision. The venerable Hew Peibles 
(Lochwinnoch) who had preached at the father's ordination, presided also 
at the son's. During the first year of his ministry, 1688-9, Mr. James 
appears to have conducted public worship) in the Meeting-house. A lost 
minute book of Kilbarchan Kirk Session is believed to contain the 
record : — 

16th June, 1689. — We left the Meeting-house and took up the Church. 

In removing to the Church when they did, the Kilbarchan people some- 
what anticipated the decisions of Parliament, for the Acts abolishing 
Prelacy, restoring the Presbyterian ministers, and establishing the 
Presbyterian Church, are dated July 22, 1689, and April 25, June 7, 
1690. The Parish Church probably remained unoccupied since the 
rabbling of the curate, if indeed Wilson, the Kilbarchan ciu-ate, waited to 
be rabbled in December, 1688. 



92 KILBAKCHAN. 

The many public duties entrusted to James Stirling may be taken as 
evidence that his brethren had the utmost confidence in his judgment. 
He was a member of the various committees charged with such delicate 
matters as settling the boundaries of Eastwood and Lochvvinnoch, dealing 
with the heritors of Erskine and Houston to get ministers for their 
parishes which had been too long vacant, getting men to accept the office 
of the eldership in Houston, and compelling the heritors of Mearns to 
repair the church. He was also treasurer of the Presbytery's Bursary 
Fund, the revenue of which came partly from charitable contributions and 
partly from an assessment levied on the various ministers, and tlie bene- 
ficiaries of which were " lads o' pairts " in poor circumstances whose aim 
was the pulpit. 

From the fact that he was more than once sent to supply important 
charges which were without settled ministers, we may conclude that Mr. 
Stirling was considered a good preacher. 

13th March, IGOl. — Mr. .Ja. Stirling was nppoyiited to supplie tbe people of Stirling 
on Sabboth come a fortnight. 

27th Julj% 1G92. — Mr. Mathw. Cranford appointed to preach at Kilbarchati Sabuth 
come a fourtnight for Mr. Jam. Stirling going to the North. 

13th May, 1G96. — Whereas Mr. Ja. Stirling was appointed by the Gnall. Assembly to 
go in the first mission to Aberdeen and having all along declared and still declares to the 
presb. that he was and is still unclear to obey the sentence ; . . . . (the presbytery), 
do earnestly entreat and beseech yr. brother Mr. Ja. Stirling yet more thoroughly to con- 
sider the case in order to the obtaining of light that he may repair to Aberdeen with all 
convenient dispatch and oblest. him that whatever reluctance he may have, he would yield 
to his mission rather than lay himself by from the exercise of his ministry. 

Six weeks later, in spite of this expostulation, he is still in Kilbarchan, 
but by July 22nd he has gone, and the brethren are making the necessary 
arrangements for the supply of his pulpit during his temporary absence. 

On June 22, 1698, Commissioners from Glasgow appeared at Paisley 
with a call for Stirling to the Barony, and five months later, before the 
Barony call was disposed of, a call came to him from Aberdeen. The latter 
was expeditiously enough dealt with, but the Glasgow call was quite a 
different matter. The Kilbarchan people indeed strongly objected to 
their minister leaving them ; there were also technical informalities which 
occasioned delay, and perhaps on this occasion also Stirling " had no clear- 
ness " to go. 

As their miui.ster was under a call, the parishioners of Kilbarchan 
had to be summoned to the bar of the Presbytery in their own interest. 



THE STIKLINGS AND THEIR TIME. 93 

The Presbytery's officer when serving the edict was given the best of 
reasons to remember his visit to Kilbarchan : — 

13th July, 1698. — .... there was produced a paper subt. by the officer and 
two witnesses bearini; that when they went to execute the summons according to the 
presbs. warrant, they were fallen upon, pitifully abused, and deforced by the people of Kil- 
barchan, so that they could not do their business. 

The Presbytery held, iiowever, that the jKui.'sliioriers liad been duly cited 
and resolved '" for the preventing the sad profimation of the Lord's Day 
and other bad consequents" that in future ministers under call should 
themselves read the necessary edict. 

Besides deforcing the officer, the Kilbarchan parishioners took other 
measures, more constitutional however, to retain if possible the services of 
Mr. Stirling. At the visitation of the parish [July 2S, 1698], the heritors 
and elders being asked, " Whether they knew anything gravaminous to 
Mr. Stirling in his present circumstances 1 " answered that " they had 
heard him sometimes complaine that yr. was not a Civill Magistrate in the 
Paroch for executing the law agt. prophanity, nor a settled encouragmt. 
for a schoolm''." These, however, were matters speedily remedied. The 
heritors and elders retired and returning in a little, reported that they had 
chosen Johnstoun (George Houstoun) Civil Magistrate, and that they were 
" to stent the paroch in ane hundred merks yearly for the maintenance of 
a schoolm'." In spite of all the inducements which Kilbarchan could 
oifer, Stirling went to the Barony, and Kilbarchan was reported vacant 
on July 18, 1699. The reason of Stirling's popularity is not far to seek; 
stubborn he may have been, buL lie never spared himself At a Presby- 
tery visitation, April 27, 1692, his elders " all gave him a good testimony 
concerning his edifying gift of preaching, his faithfulness and laborious- 
ness in his work, and his exemplary walk, and that he was to be encour- 
aged and exhorted to be more tender of his own health." 

Two years after James Stirling's translation to the Barony, his 
brother John, successively Minister of Inchinnan and of Greenock, became 
Principal of Glasgow College, as the University was then styled, 
September 18, 1701, and in 1707 he was chosen Moderator of the General 
Assembly. Kilbarchan has never since been so well represented in the 
higher ecclesiastical and educational circles. 

It is to the close and intimate friendship existing between the 
Stirlings and Robert Wodrow of Eastwood, whose mother, by the way, 
was Margaret Hare of Pennell in Kilbarchan, that we owe most of the 



94 KILBARCHAN. 

information we possess regarding the Minister of the Barony and his 
brother the Principal. Of the Principal, Wodrow had an especially high 
opinion ; it was John Stirling, he says, who prevailed on him to write 
his history. The Principal was frequently at the manse of Eastwood 
on such occasions as communions, or the baptism of one or other of the 
innumerable little W^'odrows ; and James Stirling supplied more than 
one chatty article to the Arudecta, which has been described as perhaps 
the most interesting book in the English language. This long-continued 
friendship, however, became somewhat strained when James Stirling 
took the side of his son-in-law. Professor Simpson, when accused 
of heresy in 1729. 

James Stirling was Minister of the Barony from 1699 until 1736, 
and would be the aged clergyman who preached in the Cathedral Crypt, 
the Barony Laigh Kirk, when that notable trio, Osbaldistone, Andrew 
Fairservice, and Rob Pioy,^ were amongst the congregation, if they ever 
were there. 

Though we have no reason to think that he was more superstitious 
than most of his time, it surprises us that one who was Minister of Kil- 
barchan and of the Barony should gravely note such portents as these : — 
" I observed the ratts did most violently rage in my father's house a little 
before his death. They would have come down severals of them together 
to the meal. We were necessitat to poison them. They did rage most 
violently in my house, 1699, a litle before I left Kilbarchan and came to 
the Barony ; and fell on my books, especially some of Mr. Rutherford's 
Letters. That day he [his father] was buryed ther wer two great 
candles burning in the chamber, and they did go out most surprisingly 
without any wind causing them to go out." - He also tells, as has been 
already noted, of the portentous noise in Kilbarchan Church on the Sun- 
day of Bothwell Brig. There is a Kilbarchan tradition (my informant is 
Mr. David King, High Barholm) that at the time he received so many 
calls, he assured his anxious and devoted congregation from the pulpit 
that he would never leave them so long as a certain rock on the Barhill 
remained in its place. The rock, however, to the surprise of the minister 
and people, actually fell without human intervention, and he accepted this 



'■ Mob Roy, Chap. xx. 

■•^ Thomas Bruce, one of King Charles II. 's body servants, says that the candles with which 
he was lighting the King to his bed chamber the night before his fatal seizure, were mysteriously 
extinguished without any blast of wind. — Charles II., by Osmund Airy. 



THE STIRLIXGS AND THEIR TIME. Q5- 

as an indubitable sign that it was his duty to leave. Though he took no 
active part in the Bargarren witchcraft trial, he was one of the three 
ministers appointed to confer as frequently as tliey could with the seven 
persons who were condemned to death, and very possibly he was actually 
present at their execution [June 10, 1697]. 

James Stirling was married to a Margaret Dunlop — whether a half- 
sister of Wodrow, or a daughter of Alexander Dunlop of Paisley or 
of another family altogether, we do not know. They had two daughters, 
Jean and Elizabeth — one of whom married a John Paisley and the other 
Professor Simpson, who was suspended perpetually for heresy — and a son 
Alexander, a shipmaster. On his death in 1736, James Stirling 
bequeathed three hundred merks, the interest on which was intended to 
provide Bibles and catechisms for poor children attending school in the 
Barony Parish. The Principal left in his will £100 Scots, for the poor 
of Kilbarchan. 



CHAPTER VI. 
The Cubates in Kilbarchan. 



Virtue I'd have you understaud, 

Is strangely various in its hue ; 
Yours tallies with the titles grand, 

Your lackey bawls in front of you ! 
They to the highest stilts resort 
Who most at heart to mud are prone— 
Lisa, if you ever go to Court 

I'll — leave your character alone ! 

— Beranrjer, translated by Toynbef. 



Scottish Episcopacy as by law established — The Curates — Their Church service — David Pierson — 
Visitation of Kilbarchan — A rejected elder — Provision for a schoolmaster — Refusing to be an 
elder — Throwing snowballs into the Church — A Kilbarchan lady at Houston Church — Un- 
baptised children — A breach of promise — An unbridled tongue — Lord Sempill again to be 
interviewed — Charities — The unlicensed chaplain at Johnstone — A faithful curate — Archibald 
Wilson — His session — Preparing for a Communion — Reformation of Kilbarchan morals and 
manners — Tlie minister sued by a maid-servant — Contemporary political events — Kilbarchan 
Presbyterian Meeting House — Rabbling the Curates. 

During the ten years [1663-1G72] when John Stirling as an uuted 
Minister was forbidden to reside in his parish and could visit it only by 
stealth, and again during the interval between his death in 1683 and his 
son's ordination in 1688, Kilbarchan was not entirely destitute of religious 
ordinances. These were supplied by Episcopalian ministers, known in 
Scotland as the Curates.^ Generally speaking, the Curates were most un- 
popular. This was to be expected, since their services were forced upon 
an unwilling people, who, in spite of conscientious scruples, were to some 
extent bound to give attendance at church. 

The Curates were sometimes men whose moral character was not above 
suspicion. John Hay, the deposed Presbyterian Minister of Renfrew, was 
reponed as a Parson, or Curate, and was the first Moderator of the Presbytery 
of Paisley (Episcopal). Sometimes they were raw lads not twenty years 
old. But, on the other hand, some Curates were men as well educated and 
as worthy of respect as the Presbyterian Ministers whom they superseded. 

' fr. Cure' = vicar, rector or parson 



THE CURATES IN KILBAKCHAX. 97 

As far as the externals of public worship were concerned, the Church 
Service, as conducted by the Curates, differed very little from the service to 
which the people had been accustomed under their Presbyterian Ministers. 
There was no special ceremony, no surplice, no altar, and. at baptism 
the sign of the Cross was not made. The Curates, however, did repeat 
the Doxology (Glory he to the Father, kc.) and the Lord's Prayer, and 
tried to get the people to repeat the words after them ; at Baptism they re- 
quired acquiescence to the Creed, perhaps the repetition of it also; they had 
to acknowledge the authority of their bishop, but, of course, this in no 
way affected the parishioners. Of this class of Ministers Kilbarchan liad 
two— David Pierson [1GG4-70] and Archibald Wilson or Gled [1G83-8]. 



J_^Z)avid Fierson, 1664-70. 

David Pierson was the son of Mr. Thomas Pierson, Minister of For- 
far. He was educated at St. Salvator's College, St. Andrews, and 
graduated there 8th October, 1G62. He pas.sed his trials before the 
Presbytery of Paisley (Episcopal) in April, 1G64, and was probably settled 
in Kilbarchan immediately thereafter. lu Octol^er, his brethren as a Pres- 
bytery made a visitation of the Parish, and the condition of things ecclesi- 
astical which they found, cannot be considered unsatisfactory : — 

Kilbarchan, 27th Oct., 1664. — The names of the elders the minister did nominate 
being cited and called by the officer at the church doors ; those men compearing are 
ordained by the Presbyterie to accept of the said office, and in case they obstinately refuse 
the minister is appointed to give up their names to the Archbishop in order to their being 
sumoned before the High Comission. Only one, Robert Semple, is represented as unfit for 
the office because of his being overtaken twice with drink of late, and therefore the Presby- 
tery excludes him from that office and ordains him to make his public repentance for his 
drunkenness two several Lord's Dayes and to pay forty shillings Scots in penaltie. 

The heritors and others interested in the parish being called to say qt. they had to say 
agt. thr. minister, none of them compeared to say ought either agt. his doctrine or his 
life and conversation. 

The minister of the place (David Pierson) being called and gravely advised to be con- 
scientious and diligent in his duty, was interrogated what he would have reformed or 
amended in the parish he was in : complained that his manse was ruinous through 
age and insufficient. The justness of W^'' complaint the Presbytery by viewing of the s [aid 
manse] doe find and therefore ordains the parochiners to repair the s [aid manse] with all 
convenient diligence, and appoint the minister to raise 1 [etters] of horning agt. the paroch 
for this effect. 

He complaines he wants a gleeb sufficient, having only three akers. The Presbyterie 
therefore ordaines him to see where church land lyes against the 2' December qn. so many 

N 



98 KILBARCHAN. 

of the brethren are to meet for the designation of a sufficient glebe according to the Act of 
Parliament. 

Ordaines the minister to make intima'n the next Sabbath that the heritors and elders 
of the paroch meet for the providing a hundredth pound of mantainance for a sufficiently 
qualified schoolmaster to the place, and that they stent themselves for the same, which if 
they refuse to doe the minister is ordained to raise letters of horning agt. the paroch for this 
end. 

An entry nearly a year later raises grave doubts as to whether all nomin- 
ated by the Minister acce23ted office as elders and devoted themselves 
with energy to their duties : — 

7th Aug., 1665. — John Spear, parishioner in Kilbarchan, being summoned by his 
minister to give a reason why he w^ not concur w'' him in the exercise of discipline, was 
called and compeared and finding that he could alledge no just reason for his refusall, they 
appoint Mr. Dav. Pearsone to have him summoned to the High Commissione if he continue 
obstinate. 

In many parishes the Curates were subjected to a good deal of petty 
persecution, and sometimes even to assault. David Pierson, however, had 
very little reason to complain of the conduct of hi.s parishioners, yet — 

10th Feb., 1CG5. — James Euine in Kilbarchine being sumoned and called for interrupt- 
ing the minister of the place (by casting snowballs into the church) in time of divine service 
upon a week day, compeared not and is appointed to be sumoned pro 2*^° agt. the next 
dyat. 

2nd March, 1665. — James Euine in the paroch of Kilbarchine being called, compeared 
and judicially acknowledged his fault, and is further appointed to make a public confession 
of his fault before the congregation. 

A Kilbarchan lady of strong mind and pronounced views made 
Houston Church the scene of her protestation : — 

2iid Nov., 1665. — The minister of Houstoune gave in a complent against one Janet 
Alex', parishioner in Kilbarchan, for interrupting him in the tyme of divine service ; they 
appoint the minister of Kilbarchan to summon the said Janet to the next Presbyterie day. 

Though summoned, she failed for some time to put in an appearance, but 
at last — 

22nd March, 1666.— Janet Alexander forsaid being summoned pro tertio according to 
appointment was calit, compearing and confessed the haynousness of her sine formentioned, 
she is ordained to goe to the Kirk of Houstoune and upon her knees give public satisfac- 
tione before the congregatione upon the Lord's Day next ensuing. 

The more staunch Presbyterians to mark the disfavour in which they 
held the curates did not willingly bring their children to them to be 



THE CURATES IN KILBARCHAX. 99 

"baptised, but " kept tliem up, unbaptised," probably in the hope that an 
opportunity might occur of getting the ceremony performed by one of the 
outed Ministers. This constituted a very grave offence : — 

31st Aug., 1665. — Robert Miller, Thomas Breding, and Ninian Alkine, parishioners ia 
Kilbarchan, being summoned by their minister for keeping up their children unbaptised for 
a considerable space are called and compeared not ; they appoint them to be summoned 
pro 2'"'. 

In a fortnight Ninian Aikine yielded, promising all satisfaction ; but the 
other two being obstinate, were summoned before the Archbishop and 
Synod of Glasgow. Before the end of October, however, the minister 
reported that they too had given satisfaction. 

If we take the number of cases of discipline reported to the Presby- 
tery as a test of ministerial diligence, we must admit that Mr. David 
Pierson was quite as efficient a Minister as Mr. Stirling. It was just after 
his settlement that the attention of the Presbytery was directed to the 
following interesting case : — 

21st July, 1664. — John Climing in the Paroch of Kilbarchine, and Alison Simpson in 
the Paroch of Pasley, compearing before the Presbyterie, the woman alledgiiig a promise 
of marriage and the man denying. The Presbyterie (it being a civil thing) referred them 
to the comissary and ordinary judge for the determining of that controversie. 

During Pierson's incumbency, case after case from Kilbarchan which 
sheds a lurid light on the morals of the time, is reported to the Presby- 
tery ; and the Episcopalians were no less severe in their sentences than 
the Presbyterians were : — 

27th March, 1669. — This day one William Widdcrspoone and Elizabeth G .... in the 
paroch of Kilbarchine compeared and in sack cloth confessed their being guilty of that 
hey nous sin [adultery]. The Presby. having gravely rebuked them did injoyne them to 
give public satisfaction in the Church of Kilbarchine by standing half a year in sackcloth 
and paying fourtie pounds of penaltie and to enter upon their public repentance the next 
Lord's day. 

Some Kilbarchan ladies of the period had easy manners and unbridled 
tongues : — 

29th Sept., 166s. — This day Isobell Alexander, spouse to John Breadie in Blackstoune, 
was sumoned to this dyat, by virtue of a reference from the session of Kilbarchine for 
sentencing the said Isobell Alex' q° had asserted that the Lady Blackstoune had called her 
the Laird of Newark's loune, and succumbed in the probation of the slander. 

The Presbytery in this case wisely suspended judgment, and referred the 
matter to the Archbishop and Synod for advice, and no more is heard of it. 



100 . KILBAECHAN. 

The Episcopalian Presbytery were to all appearance as anxious as 
their predecessors, the Presbyterians, had been, to deliver Lord Sempill and 
his family from the errors of Ptome; and David Pierson, like John Stirling, 
was one of those appointed to confer in private with his lordship. The 
eiforts of the Episcopalians met with as little success as the efforts of the 
Presbyterians. For nearly four years deputation after deputation pro- 
poses conference and his lordship makes the old excuses, until — 

23rd Ap., 1668. — For my Lord Semple, the Archbishop in the Synod declared that his 
Majesties Honourable Privy Counsel! did look upon him as excomunicated so that the 
Presbyterie is no longer to treat with him for further conference. 

It was, of course, good policy on the part of the Curates, considering the 
strongly Protestant spirit which animated their flocks, to make this dis- 
play of their Protestant zeal against Lord Sempill, and perhaps it was 
good policy in them, too, to be so puritanic as to fine Robert Finne " £6 
Scots for bringing a bagpipe through the town of Paisley at his marriage " 
[August 18, 1664]. 

The number and nature of the charities in which the Presbytery of 
curates showed an interest, must not be passed by without notice. Col- 
lections were made in the churches from time to time for distressed 
jDersons such as "James Finney of Greenock, who had his house and all he 
had with a sister of his own burnt" [31st March, 1664]; for public im- 
provements, though the place where the money was expended might be a 
long way from the contributing area, e.g., Kilbarchan gave contributions 
for the harbours of Inverkeithing and Kelburn, for a bridge at Ancrum, 
and for the chui^ch of Jedburgh. The Presbytery also provided a bursary 
for a student studying theology at Glasgow, and each kirk session was 
expected to contribute through the Minister 20 shillings Scots for every 
100 communicants. Sometimes a Minister came empty handed and 
gave as his excuse that the people did totally desert the ordinances 
and did not convene at the place of public worship upon the Lord's day 
[August 18, 1669]. 

The Curates had to keep a sharp look-out on the movements of the 
outed Ministers, and indeed on all Presbyterian clergymen in the neigh- 
bourhood ; they had to report if they knew of any chaplain officiating in a 
private family. In pursuance of this order Pierson summoned Mr. 
William Listone, unlicensed chaplain of Johnstone, to the Presbytery 
[October, 1665], but he did not compear. Seven days later he reported 
that the chaplain had removed to Ireland. After the Battle of PuUion 



THE CURATES IN KILBAECHAX. lor 

Green [1666] the clergy " are enjoined to search out within their several 
parishes those engaged in the late rebellious insurrection and to give in 
their names." 

When the Presbytery visit Kilbarchan, 15th October, 1G68, it is put 
on record that the Minister has a complete session and that his elders 
encourage him in the work of the ministry ; he is found to be diligent 
in visiting and examining the people, and the elders bear testimony to the 
excellence of his doctrine, life and conversation. The manse is now found 
to be sufficient though there are yet only 5 acres of glebe land. James 
Stirling on the other hand says : — " That ten years that the hireling 
curat was among them, there was a sad and woefull sett of profanity and 
loosness put upon them; so that they wer then cursing and swearing who 
had been a sort of sober and morall people before." i If we accept it as a 
fact that a change for the worse in the morals and manners of the Kil- 
barchan people had taken place between 1662 and 1672, we cannot in 
fairness blame Mr. Pierson ; in the light of the Presbytery's report we 
must ascribe it rather to the unsettling tendency of the ecclesiastical 
changes which were taking place ; and we must remember that in the 
early part of his ministry John Stirling was much more highly re- 
spected than he was after he came back as an indulged Minister in 
1672 with, so to speak, a blemished character. It is therefore likely 
that the change in his parishioners which struck Stirling so foi'cibly, may 
have been to a great extent merely a change in their attitude towards 
him. 

In March, 1670, Mr. Pierson left Kilbarchan for Kirkcaldy. For 
rather more than two years there was in Kilbarchan no settled Minister, 
and so two misdemeanants of the period had to wear their sackcloth, 
make a public show of repentance, and undergo ministerial rebuke at 
Lochwinnoch Church [January 17, 1672]. 

In 1672 John Stirling, the outed Minister, returned to his parish, 
having accepted the Indulgence. He died, as we have seen, in 1683. 



//. — Archibald Wilson or Gled, 1683—88. 

John Stirling had not been six weeks in his grave when an edict of 
the Archbishop was served in the church in favour of Mr. Archibald 
Wilson to be minister of Kilbarchan [2nd September, 1683]. On the 

' Wodrow's Anahcta. 



102 KILBAKCHAN. 

11th October Mr. Wilson received institution. Episcopal "institution" 
corresponds to Presbyterian " induction." Very little can be discovered 
about Wilson. One of the same name was licensed by the Presbytery 
of Paisley (Episcopal) as far back as October, 1G65. If this was the 
future curate of Kilbarchan, and if we assume that on the occasion of his 
license he was twenty years old, he would now be thirty-eight. That he 
had been all these years out of employment is very unlikely, because 
often there had been a great dearth of cui'ates, but where he had been 
there is not the merest hint. His wife was Annabella Hamilton, jDossibly 
a daughter or grand-daughter of Mr. Andro Hamilton, Minister of Kil- 
barchan [1605-46]. 

About the time of Wilson's institution or shortly thereafter. Episco- 
pacy seems to have had new life infused into it. On March 5, 1684, 
Paisley Presbytery, which for eight years had been holding its meetings 
at Penfrew or at Greenock, where popular feeling was not so strong 
against the curates, met at Paisley ; yet there was so great a disturbance 
on this occasion that Wilson, whose duty it was, could not conduct the 
exercise, i.e., the opening religious services. 

At Kilbarchan, there was the old difficulty about getting a session, 
and at the meeting in March, 1684, Wilson is enjoined to do further 
diligence in the matter. A month later [April 9, 1684] the Minister repoi'ts 
that he is " doing diligence to have a session established ; that he is 
fitting the people for communion by examination ; that he has prayed 
for His Majesty and Royal Consort, for His Royal Highness [Duke of 
York], and the Royal Family, for the Archbishop and other clergy ; that 
he has observed the Act of Uniformity in singing the doxology, saying 
the Lord's Prayer, requiring the fteZiV/ [creed] of parents at the baptism 
of their children, and that he had the services publickly in his church." 
Year after year the curates were publicly asked whether they had 
observed all these formalities, which may be taken as a proof that for the 
sake of peace and quietness they would have been very glad to have 
omitted them if they could have done so without incurring the dis- 
pleasure of the Archbishop and Privy Council. Wilson brought with 
him a contribution from Kilbarchan for the Bridge of Dumbrittain [Dum- 
barton] so that he was not entirely without a congregation. This bridge 
and the bridges at Inverness and Campsie, the harbour at Aberdeen, and 
the Old College at St. Andrews, were the objects at this time for which 
the charitable were being asked to subscribe. According to the minister's 



THE CURATES IN KILBARCHAN. 103 

own profession the commnuion at Killjarchan was being- elaborately pre- 
pared for ; the people are still being prepared in September : — 

3rd September, 1684. — Mr. Wilson reports that he is preparing his people by visiting 
and catechising in order to the communion — that great duty of his Holy calling. 

Wilson attended the meetino-s of his Presbytery with exemplary 
regularity — of thirty-one meetings held between September, 1684, and 
Se23teml)er, 1G87. he was absent from four only — and it seems curious that 
during all that time he does not find it necessary to report a single case 
of breach of discipline from Kilbarchan. Had the parish become reformed, 
or was the minister careless and indifferent ? 

In 1685 the minister had to answer for his own conduct and his 
wife's befoi'e the Sheriff at Paisley, at the instance of Janet, daughter of 
James Gib, at the Kirk of Kilbarchan. The girl had been a servant in the 
manse and averred that she had been compelled to leave just before the 
expiry of her six months of service by the threats of her master and 
mistress, who in their quarrel with her used expressions " not worthy to 
be heard among Christians." She condescended, however, on specimens of 
the language used, the least objectionable we understand, and certainly it 
was language well calculated to make female servants leave between 
terms. The girl sues the minister and his wife for, 

(1) 8 marks Scots and a pair of shoon (value 20s.), as much plyding as would be ane 

pair hose (value 9s.), ane apron of Droggatt (value 8s.), ane peck of meal (value 
8s.), as half a year's fee and bounties ; 

(2) her proportion of three half dollars left as gratuities for the servants by the Earl 

of Gloneairn, Lord Ros, and Sir John Shaw of Greenock, when they stayed all 
night at the manse at Candlemas, 1GS5 [which, it would appear, had never reached 
those for whom it was intended, having been intercepted and appropriated by 
Mrs. Anna for her own use] ; and 

(3) for two shillings and sixpence borrowed from her in small sums from time to time 

by her mistress and never repaid. 

The whole case with sapient reflections thereon may be found in 
Hector's Judicial Records, Second Series, pp. 138-141. 

King Charles died on the 6th February, 1G85, and his brother King- 
James VII. and II. succeeded. The Scottish Parliament met in April, 
re-enacted the Test against popery and all other forms o{ fanaticism, and 
passed a further I'epressive Act against conventicles, penalising those who 
attended such meetings to punishment by death and confiscation of goods. 
But in 1687 James by a series of Acts of Toleration, the purpose of which 



104 KILBAKCHAN. 

was to grant relief to his Roman Catholic subjects only, involuntarily 
granted liberty of conscience to all his subjects. Presbyterians could now 
meet and worship after their own way either in private houses or chapels, 
provided that disloyal doctrines were not preached and that the assem- 
blies were not held in the open air. The Presbyterians of Kilbarchan 
speedily took advantage of this Act of Toleration. The heritors under 
the presidency of Alexander Cuninghame of Craigends met early in 1688, 
and resolved to build for themselves a meeting-house, " five bays in 
length with three bays of ane ell tofall." The curate of course still occu- 
pied the Parish Chui'ch. 

William of Orange's fleet anchored in Torbay on the 5th November, 
1688, and James VII. embarked for France as a fugitive on the 23rd 
December. The Presbyterians knew that their time of oppression was 
past, that their day of triumph was come. On the 25th December began 
those wild scenes known as "rabbling the curates." If Wilson waited 
in Kilbarchan long enough to be rabbled, he would very likely be dealt 
with as the Episcopalian ministers in other parts of the country were ; 
the populace would come to his house, seize and carry him about in mock 
procession, tumble his furniture out of doors and make a bonfire of it, tear 
his Geneva gown over his head, and conveying him to the outskirts of his 
parish bid him begone and never show his face within it any more. 

Little is known of Wilson's subsequent history. Two years after 
leaving Kilbarchan he was in prison on a charge of officiating at clandes- 
tine marriages, and wrote a letter to the Presbytery of Glasgow praying 
to be released. On being brought before that reverend court he professed 
his submission and urged the great extremity of his circumstances in 
extenuation of his fault. The brethren, moved with pity for him, made a 
collection amongst themselves and gave him enough to relieve his most 
pressing and immediate wants.' 

^Reamh of aias<jow Prednjfenj, February 2, 1C91. 



CHAPTER VII. 

A KiLBARCHAN GENTLEMAN OF THE SEVENTEENTH CeNTURY — WiLLIAM 

CUNINGHAME, YoUNGER, OF CrAIGENDS. 

With hym ther was his sone, a yong Squiee, 

Curteis he was, lowely and servysable 
And carf biforn his fader at the table. 

— Chaucer. 

Church and State difficulties of the time — Domestic arrangements — The value of reticence — 
The heir's provision — Boarding with a mother and with a mother-in-law — Cost of living in 
Edinburgh — Gentleman's gentlemen — Lady's ladies — Farm rents — A moonlight flitting — 
Horse-couping — The loupin-on-stane at Robert King's house-end — Ne'ear days in 1674-5 — 
How to treat a stepson — Lucky schoolboys — Needy relatives — Our minister's son — A Kil- 
barchan poet in extremity — The Kirk plate — Outed ministers — Parish poor — Beggars with 
a testimonial — Beggars at the gate — Beggars at the Kirk door — Drink-money — A Presby- 
terian's relaxations — Prognostications — The study at Craigends and its books — Quartering the 
Highland Host — A landlord's cares and responsibilities — Funeral garments, church stools, 
servants' guilds, shottles — Departing footsteps. 

The book known as Cuninghame's Diary, edited by the Rev. Dr. 
Dodds of Corstorphine, and published by the Scottish History Society 
in 1887, is interesting to a large circle of readers because of the curious 
and exact information it contains regarding seventeenth century manners 
and customs, and is especially interesting to Kilbarchan people because 
its author was a local landlord, and because it deals largely with local 
affairs. 

It consists of three sections :— 

(1) About 80 entries of a general character made at intervals between the years, 1674 

and 1715. 

(2) The Diarist's daily outlay with a balance sheet for each year from 1674 until 

1680 ; and 

(3) An inventory and valuation of the Craigends Estate in 1690, when William 

succeeded his father, the 7th laird. 

William Cuninghame had no Intention of posing as an author and of 
writing to instruct or amuse posterity, still less to enlighten his contem- 

O 105 



10r> KTLBARCHAN. 

poraries. His sole object was to keep a record of the various transactions 
in which he engaged as a landlord and a county gentleman, and especially 
of the expenses he incurred in liis very frequent journeyings to Edin- 
burgh and to Freeland, in the parish of Forgandenny, Perthshire, where 
Lady Kuthven, his mother-in-law, lived. These journeys he had to 
undertake in connection with the business affairs of his wife and his 
step-son. 

The time at wliich Cuninghame wrote, however, was politically and 
ecclesiastically exciting and interesting ; his social position and poHtical 
leanings must have brought him into contact with some of the most impor- 
tant actors that then thronged the political stage, and he was one whi> 
was well able to form and to state clearly his convictions and opinions re- 
garding the influences then at work, moulding and controlling the nation's 
history. We liave to confess to a little disappointment that he makes na 
mention of Lauderdale or the Duke of York, of Archbishop Sharp or 
Balfour of Burley ; that he takes no notice of the skirmishes at Drumclog, at 
Bothwell Brig, or at Aix-d's Moss ; and that his references to the Highland' 
Host and the persecution of the Presbyterians are so indefinite and sa 
scanty. This reticence is not a mere accident— it is deliberate, inten- 
tional. Cuninghauie ;is a landed proprietor had a good deal at stake. 
He was a Presbyterian, though a moderate and law-abiding one. He 
knew that in certain quarters he had come to be suspected, and his 
property looked upon as a possible prey; naturally then he was scrupulously 
careful not to commit to writing — even on the pages of his private note- 
book — anything on which the agents of the Government could seize and 
which they might use against him to his own and his family's overtiirow. 
The diary therefore reveals to us William Cuninghame only in the capacity 
of a private gentleman, though, when once we have learned from other 
sources that he was a Presbyterian who actutdly sufiered imprisonment 
for his religious convictions, we are able to trace in his notebook indica- 
tions of his sympathies which otherwise might have escaped our notice. 

The domestic arrangements at Craigends from lfi73 onwards were 
not exactly those amidst which the male relatives of twentieth century 
ladies would expect to enjoy unalloyed felicity. Under the same roof 
there dwelt for some time a mother and her daughter-in-law, the latter 
moreover a lady of considerable matrimonial experience. Although 
the diary gives no indication of any unpleasantness between the 
ladies, it would be too much to assume that there was none. The 
author perhaps found that there were subjects besides church politico 



A GENTLEMAN OF THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY. 107 

on which it was best not to express his mind too fi-eely. The arrange- 
ments were simply these : — Alexander Cuninghame, the seventh laird, 
in view of his son's marriage to Anne, daughter of Lord Ruthven, and 
widow of Sir William Cunningham of Cunninghamhead, executed a 
deed by which he, the laird, retained for himself simply the life-rent 
of the greater part of his estate ; the smaller part he gave to his son at 
once, and for the part he retained in life-rent he became bound to pay 
an annuity of three hundred merks for the additional support of his son 
and of his son's famil}^ The original document drawn up in 1673 is pro- 
bably still in existence. Soon after his marriage, William Cuninghame 
having made arrangements for the board and education of his step-son, 
Sir William Cunningham, elsewhere, brought his wife without encumbrance 
to Craigends, w^here they boarded with the laird and lady. 

William Cuninghame paid his mother partly in money, partly in 
kind, for his own and his wife's board : — 

Aug. 1, 1674. — I compleited the first year's boarding to the Lady betwixt Whitsunday 
1673, and Whits. 1674. Having befor given her 200 mks., with 50 bolls meall, and Bear, 
I then gave her 156.06.8 of real! money. With 13 lbs., for which she took Ja. Moody 
debtor, who owed me so much for meall. And the compt. of all my foulls which she got, 
amounting to 14.13.4, compting capons at ha: mks., Hens at grots, and Cocks at 40d., 
and excepting 8 hens and 2 cocks of Andrew Laird's, and 2 hens and a cock of Malcolm 
Patieson's, which were not brought in, and counting the 12 stane of cheese payed by the 
Achans at 16 lb. All together make up 300 mks. given her that day in compt. and in 
money, which, with the former 200 M., makes 500 M., and the 50 bolls victual which is 
accepted for the sd. year's boarding of myself and my wife, her gentlewoman, and servant 
lasse, and my man. Our two horse grasse and fodder is also compted, and payed for by it. 
But not their corn, for which I have my father to pay besides. 

Jany. 5, 1676. — I closed with my mother about the half-year's boarding from Whits 
till Mart= 1675. 1 gave her 256 Mks in money, and counted the Achans 12 stane of cheese 
{which she got) at 24 mks., Inde 250 Mks. This, with 19 bowls of my meal and 6 bowls 
of my bear, payed the sd. half-year's boarding, according to the old rate, 

During the next three of four years, 1676-80, the diarist wa.s very 
little at Craigends, spending most of his time at Freeland and in Edin- 
burgh ; hence the following entry : — 

Oct., 1679. — Upon reckoning made up by myself how much 1 have been at home since 
my first going to reside in Edinburgh at Hallowday 1675, and what I have payed my mother 
for my diet these times, I find 1 was ten days at home that Yuill, as also about eight weeks 
in the Spring vaicance 1676, for which I offered her money, but she would not take it, say- 
ing she would be als chargeable to me another way, so I payed nothing these two times, 
but only my fowlls 1675, she getting the worth of 13.07.4., and I keeped my sister Eebecca 
the haill next winter session in Edinburgh, which was all I payed for myself and my man 
these two times. 



108 KILBARCHAN. 

Then follows a statement of other occasions on which he visited 
Craigends, and of payments he made for lodging and board, and the entry 
thus concludes : — 

. . . . — And for times I have been at home since, I have dewly payed at 20 lb. a 
month for myself and man, and als much for my wife and her woman. 

When the Cuningliames visited Lady Ruthven at Freeland, they 
there also contributed so miich to the common table : — 

1677, May 23. — To my wife for her own use the time I then stayed 

in Freeland, ... ... ... ... £23 

To her that she paid for boarding us, ... ... 42 16 8 

Oct. 23. — Payd in smalls by my wife to my Lady Ruthven in 

further payment of boarding, ... ... 53 7 S 

The cost of living in Edinburgh we gather from the following : — 

1677, Mar. 7.— Payd as 47 nights' chamber mail], ... ... 24 7 

„ 8. — Spent on house compt, viz., meat, drink, coal and 
candle, since my last coming to town, Jan. 12, till 
my going out of it, March 8, 1677, ... 
Sept. 20. — For about 5 weeks chamber maill, 

For my ordinary diet all the time I was in Edin. 
that summer. 

The diary supplies us with information regarding the wages and 
perquisites of gentlemen's seivaiits and the duties expected of them : — 

1674, May 20. — Having before been in terms with Wm. Cuningham, Tailour, anent 
fixing him to be my man, wheranent also I had made a condition at 8 lb. in the half-year. 
But then I altered it, and, mostly of my own good will, hightened it to 10 lb. a half-year, 
giving him presently a suit of old cloaths, and old boots, and hat, promising also always to 
hold him in cloaths beside his fie ; for which he is to serve me as my man, to work my 
Tailour work, and my wife's, and her son's and gentlewoman's; and is to work my mother's 
Tailour work upon what terms she pleases. I had promised him also a pair shoos in the 
half-year ; And when I told him of keeping my ston'd horse at grasse in summer, I engaged 
to hold him in shoos. I told him also that he might take in other folk's work to the house, 
providing he work it without jjrejudice of my work and service, and my mother's. So I 
gave him a merk, beside half a merk I had given him before. 

1676, March 25. — Having before given my man Wm. Cuningham, his leave, I have 
agreed with one James Mortoun, at present in Mr. James Hucheson's service, to enter my 
man at Whitsunday next for 10 pounds of fie in the half year, and half-a-crown for shoos ; 
also I must give him a suit of livery at entry, being to hold him in cloaths, either livery or 
my own castings. I gave him a Merk of arles to help him to a new hat, and resolve to give 
him ane old one too. 



57 


7 


2 


10 


14 





54 


IS 






A GENTLEMAN OF THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY. 109 

1679, March. — My boy Andrew Gray having run away, I agreed with one, Thomas 
Clerk, a tailour, to serve me for a man. The condition was 10 pounds of fie till Martimas, 
being then 8 months to it (for he was presently to enter). Ane suit of old cloaths of my 
casting to serve him for wear for a whole year if he should stay ; and 2 or 3 pair of 
shoe's als I should cast them. So Thomas Clerk entered, but would not come West, tho' 
it was his condition to come on his foot (wee travelling in coach). As also I gave him 24s. 
to bear his charges, besides 9s. I gave him at feeing, and ane pair of old shoo's. But he 
deceived me, and came not West, and when I wrote for him David Lamsdaill sent me 
George Marshall in his place, who would serve me upon that same condition, getting only 
24s. for his charges West, which I payed him out of 3 lb. my wife was owing me. 

There i.s no such detailed infoniiation in tlie case of the female 
servants : — 

1674, Nov. 11. — To my wife, being to pay Katherin Brown her fies,... £67 G 8 

1675, Oct. 30. — To my wife, being to pay 34 lb. for her 2 women's 

fies for a yier since Mart: 1674, ... ... 40 

1676, Nov. 22. — To my wife to give her woman Agnes Hume for the 

preceding half year's fie from Whits : till Mart : 

1676, ... ... ... ... 12 

1677, Nov. 30. — To my wife, to pay her woman Jean Telfer's half 

year fie, ... ... ... ... ... 10 4 

Farm rents were then payable partly in money, partly in kind : — 

1676, Mar. 14. — I agreed with one William Caldwell about John Caldwell's mailling 
in Loclierside, the sd John having nothing wherewithall to bruik it [i.e., to enjoy, to possess, 
to profit by it]. I sett it to the sd William at the same rent, to witt, 20 lb. of silver, 3 
bowls ferme meill, 3 days horse service, and 3 fowlls, and 10 shillings of vicarage half 
cesse. But on condition of 3 more fowls I promised him two yoaking of land tilling this 
year ; so he is to pay yearly three young fowls, as he called them, payable at Lammas, 
beside the above three young fowlls payable at the ordinar time of the year, and all the 
rest of the rent. And if he stay but a year or two that the additional fowls make me not 
up for my two yoakings of land, then I am to have four lb. for them at his dejmrture. 

Tenants sometimes did not pay their i-ents : — 

1674, Dec. 26. — John Carswell, one of my tennents in Locherside, stole secretly away 
with his family, and anything he had, leaving his haill rent lG71r unpayd, and nothing to 
pay it with but a little rotten spilt corn in his yeard, which, when it was threshin, came 
scarce to 3 firlots, and some peats, and of which (beside the corn) I made only 56s scots. 
He left also 2 doors upon the house of his own on-putting. So upon the 5th of January, 
1675, I sett his mailling to John Shaw, son to James in our own Mains. The rent he con- 
ditioned to pay is 40 mks. and 4 hens, 10s. of vicarage teinds, and the half of the cesse, 
qranent [where anent] we both subscribed a paper by way of contract, building us both for 
nine years. 

The u.sual mode of travelling in those days was of course on horse- 
back, and Cuniughame having frequent occasion to go to Freeland and to 



110 KILBAKCHAN. 

Edinburgh, had to provide himself with horses. We give an instance of 
the trocking transactions common at the time, which must have been much 
more exciting and interesting than clean purchase, and must have given a 
huge advantage to dealers gifted with quick perception and with the 
ability of making rapid calculations : — 

1675, March 18. — I made bargain with James Hamiltoun, Barr's son, about horses as 
follows : I having in August last sold him my little ston'd naigg for 100 lb., which he was 
yet owing me, and had but 3 days before given me his band for, bearing a rent from Marti- 
mas last. On the said 18 of March I bought a large brown gelding from him, for which I 
conditioned to give him my wife's old white horse and 13 lb. sterling in buit [sc. to boot], 
the sd 100 lb. Scots band, with 3 lb. as half a year's rent of it, being allowed in the first 
end of it. So 1 exchanged horses with him that same night, and the morrow after payed 
him 53 lb. Scots, which is the overplus of 13 lb. sterling, after the 103 lb. Scots is taken off 
it. Also I gave him up his 100 lb. band the same day ; And exchanged bridles with him, 
giving 10 grots to buit. 

All esquires were not so agile and dexterous as young Lochinvar, of 
whom it is recorded, — 

'■ So light to the croup the fair lady he swung. 
So light to the saddle before her he sprung," 

hence the necessity of a loupin-o7i-stane. 

1675, May 6. — I agreed with James King, Maissoun in Kilbarchan, that he should 
build me a Leaping-on-stone at the said towne at Ro' King's house end, himself furnishing 
all the material and service (except one day's horse service for leading, which I was to 
send). And I should pay him 5 mks. for all. Also I gave him a 6 pence at the bargaine 
making, beside the said 5 merks. 

The amount of money given away in charity and as gratuities by 
Cuninghame was considerable ; and though his contributions are more re- 
markable for their frequency than their liberality, they bear evidence to 
his kindly nature and sympathetic heart. His sisters and the servants 
were remembered on New Year's Day : — 

1674, Jan. 1. — To my sister Rebecca for her nuir gift. 
To my sister Jean, 
To Jonet, 
To Marion, 
To Anne, 

To Katherin Browne, 
To Patrik Cristie, 
To James Forgie, 
To Peter Patisoun, 



;02 


16 





00 


8 





00 


14 





00 


12 





01 








01 


10 





00 


2 


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02 00 





01 4 





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00 1 


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03 






A GENTLEMAN OF THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY. Ill 

Being in Edinburgh at the end of the year 1G75, he got his wife to 
purchase New- Year gifts for his sisters : — 

1675, Dec. 23. — For five ga' hoods to my 5 sisters, ... ... £04 7 6 

For 8 ells ribbon to Rebecca, 

For a little scarf to Jean, 

For a muff to my sister Jonet, ... 

For a pr pendents to Marion, 

For a necklace to Anna, 

To my wife, being the overcome of the money which 

I gave to buy the above-m' things with, ... 06 15 

His step-son, young Cunninghamhead, is also regularly remembered, 

1674, Ju. 2. — For a sword and belt to Cuninghamheid, ... 

,, 21. — For a orenger to Cuninghd, 
Oct. 2. — To Cuninghamheid to send to Greenock to buy chas- 
tens [chestnuts] with, ther was no chastens 
gotten, so my wife got the 6d., 

1675, Jan. 1. — To Cuninghamheid in Nuregift, ... 

1676, Jan. 1. — To Cuninghamheid in Xeu' gift, ... 

Two schoolboys at Renfrew had the best of reasons for looking for- 
ward to a visit from their kind-hearted kinsman : — 

1674, May 21. — To my cusings, Wm. Cuningham and Wi 

Renfrew School, ... 
Ju. 30. — To my Uncle's son, to his fairing, I bought the worth 
of in sweeties, 
1676, Oct. 9. — To Will : Shaw, Bargarren's son,... 
1678, May 28.— To Will: Shaw, Bargarren's son,... 
Sept. 17. — To Will: Shaw, Bargarren's son,... 
1680, Sept. 30.— For Will : Shaw, Bargarren's son, ... ... 01 8 

This William Shaw was probably a younger brother of John Shaw of 
Bargarren, and therefore uncle to Christian Shaw, the damsel who pre- 
tended she had been bewitched. William Cuninghanie, mentioned 
above, was cousin to the diarist ; the family at Craigends paid for his 
education, — 

1675, Mar. 18. — Sometime this winter I promised to my Uncle William's wife to bear 
half and half with the laird, my father, of her son's boarding at the schooll for a year, pro- 
viding the whole exceeded not 20 mks. a quarter. 

1675, Nov. 15. — To Anna Cuningham, my Uncle William's daughter, 
which is to be counted in part of what I pro- 
mised for her brother's boarding, ... ... £03 12 



Shaw, at 








£00 )2 





he worth 








00 6 







00 12 







00 9 






112 KTLBARCHAN. 

Nor was this tlie only relative whose necessities he relieved : — 

1675, Oct. 11. — To my granduncle James, to be sent to Ireland, to 

my Uncle John for supplie of his necessity, ... 66 13 4 

1677, Jii. 19. — To my father to be sent to Ireland to my Uncle 

John, being in strait, ... ... ... 29 

James Stirling, the son of the minister of Kilbarchan and afterwards 
his father's successor, appears also to have been a favourite : — 

1674, Aug. 29.— To Jas: Stirling, our minr's son, ... ... £00 6 

1676, Jan. 4.— To James Stirling in Neu' gift,... ... ... 00 12 

It was not to schoolboys only that the laird came as a special provi- 
dence. Francis Sempill of Beltrees, the impecunious poet, tells us how, 
when on one occasion he was left absolutely destitute at Falkirk, he 
too had reason to bless the name of Cuninghame : — 

But Cuninghame soon me espy'd ; 
By hue and hair he brought me in, 
And swore we should not part so dry 
Though I were naked to the skin. 

The reference may be to the diarist who, passing through Falkirk on his 
way to Freeland or to Edinburgh, chanced to light on his needy neighbour. 
There was public worship in Kilbarchan Church not only on the 
Sundays but also on the Fridays, — 

1673, Nov. 21.— To Kilbarchen bred, ... ... ... ... £00 1 

Nov. 23.— To Kilbarchen bred, ... ... ... ... 00 1 

Nov. 28.— To Kilbarchen bred, ... ... ... ... 00 1 

Nov. 30.— To Kilb. bred, 00 1 

Sometimes the contribution was more than the orthodox shilling Scots, 
especially on Sacramental occasions : — 

1675, Feb. 7.— To Kilbarchen Kirk box. 
May 30. — To Kilbarchen box, 
June 3. — To Kilbar : box, it being a fast, . . . 
July 1 5. — To Kilb : box, it being our Communion fast, 

„ 16. — To Kilb : box on the Communion Saturday, 

„ 18. — To Kilb : box on the Communion day, 

„ 19. — To Kilb : box on the Communion Monday, 

In reading the Day-book one is struck with the great number of 
people who were in straitened circumstances. The religious persecutions 
of the time occasioned great poverty and hardship : — 



£00 


2 





00 


4 





00 


6 





00 


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2 


00 


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4 


01. 





8 


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02 


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0-i 





A GENTLEMAN OF THE SEVENTEENTH CENTIKY 

1G74, Mar. 2S. — To my wife to give in charity to the relict and child 

of a minister called Mr. Ja Dunbar, ... 
Dec. 9. — To M' W'" Thomson, minister at Houston to send to 

a poor persecuted min' called M' Ale' I'adie, who 

lies prisoner very closse in the Basse,... 
1G75, Dec. 16 — To a poor distrest preacher who had a great family, 
1G77, Mar. 17. — To the contribution for the prisoners in the Basse, ... 
,, 21. — I gave further to the contribution for the prisoners 

at the Basse, 
1G78, Oct. 22. —To a private contribution for a minister, ... 

Much of Ilia charity was dispensed to needy people in the neiglibot 
hood with whose circumstances he was probably well acquainted : — 

1G74, Ap. 18. — To a poor woman in the paroch,... ... .. £00 3 

Jn. 26. — To a poor man called Jo Muir, ... ... ... 00 4 

Aug. 2 — To the woman that keeps the poor daft lad iu 

Houstoun side, ... ... ... ... 00 4 

Dec. 25. — Given in contribution, with other gentlemen at Pol- 
lock, for tho relieving of one ^latthew Stuart out 
of prison for debt, ... ... ... 01 9 

1675, Ju. 16. — To a poor man called Ja : Cuningham, who had a 

cancer in his craig, 
Aug. 11. — To blind W"' Jaraieson in charitie, 
Dec. 17.— Given to help to Mr Jo : Maxwell's burriall, 

1676, Oct. 30. — To blind W'" Jamieson in charity, 

1677, Aug. 7.^Given of contribution for a poor gentlewoman's 

burriall,... 
1680, Mar. 22. — To a poor widdow on my own ground, ... 

Ap. 15. — Given to help to ransome a captive Greenock man 

from the Turks, ... ... ... ... 00 13 4 

Some carried with them a testimonial from the Presbytery certifying 
that they were in need of charitable relief: — 

1674, Feb. 17. — To a poor man that had a Testimonial, ... ... £00 4 

Ap. 12. — -To a poor woman with a Testimonial, ... ... 00 4 

1676, Jan. 19. — To a poor woman that had a Testim' : ... ... 00 14 

And besides the.se, there were casual beggars coming to the gate, of Craig- 
ends, beggars meeting him at the church door, lieggar.s on the road, and 
irs in the street : — 

1674, May 19. — To a poor woman at the gate, ... ... ... £00 S 

,, 21. — To a poor woman to pay her fraught (at Renfrew 

Ferry), ... ... ... ... ... 00 1 

„ „ — To 4 poor folk on the way to Stirling, ... ... 00 1 4 

r 



00 12 





00 6 





00 17 





00 13 


4 


00 11 


4 


00 13 


4 



00 


3 


2 


00 





4 


00 





G 


00 





s 


00 





10 


00 





■t 


00 





2 



1 1 4 KILBARCHAN. 

1G74, May 22. — To the beggars at Stirling and on the way to Free- 

land, 
„ 23. — To a poor man at Freeland gate, 
„ 27. — To a poor lad at Freeland gate, .. . 
„ 28. — To a poor woman at Maillart, ... 
,, ,, —To a poor man and poor woman, 
„ 29.. — To a poor woman at the gate, ... 
„ ,, — To a poor man at the gate, 
June 3. — Given to beggar.s in Edinburgh and on my way to 

Freeland, ... '' ... ... ... 00 4 10 

When Uraigends went to chureh at Pai.sley, as lie sotnetimes did, 
tliere "was always something to be given to the beggars there : — 

1674, July 24.— To Pasley box and poor folk ther, ... ... 00 2 

Aug 9.— To Pasley kirk box and poor folk, ... ... 00 2 

„ 14.— To Pasley box and poor folk, ... ... ... 00 2 

Mention is frequently made of tips or gratuities given on the occa- 
sion of making a bargain, and also to the servants in houses where he 
stayed : — 

1675, ]\Iar. 19. — To his (James Hamilton's) man in drink money, ... £00 14 
Ap. 28. — For a drink at the delivery of money to me, 
Dec. 9. — Given of drink money to a shoo maker, ... 

,, 18. — To the peri wick maker's boy of drink silver, 
1677, Oct. 2. — Left of drink money in Freeland, 

Oct. 3. — Drink silver to servants (at Sauchie), 
„ 18. — Drink money left in Pollock, 
„ 31. — Left of drink silver in Freeland,... 
Nov. 1. — To Lawry Dae to take a drink, ... 
„ 5. — Drink silver to Wm. Wood's Jasse, 
,, 12. — Drink silver to the servant lasse. 

Though a Presbyterian, Cuniughame was by no means a rigid jmritan 
in his habits. He hunted, hawked, curled, j)layed at bowls and at tennis, 
he enjoyed himself at weddings, he lost and perhaps sometimes won 
money at billiards and at cards. When in Edinburgh he went to the 
theatre and made a point of seeing such sights as rope-dancing, "the bears 
and the ape," and the elephant. At old-fashioned houses, such as Lady 
Piuthven's, there was still the ^professional jester or fool whom the parting 
guest had to remember with a small gratuity : — 

1673, Dec. 23 —To Peter Boy n, the fool, ... ... ... £00 1 

1674, Mav 29.— To the fooU at Freeland, ... ... ... 00 10 



00 1 


2 


00 2 





00 6 


8 


02 16 





00 4 





01 9 





O.i 16 





00 


f) 


00 13 


4 


00 6 






00 


12 


00 


3 


04 


8 


01 


13 


U-2 


IG 



11 


12 


07 


9 


02 





02 


IS 


00 


15 


00 


(5 


03 


\6 


00 


1(5 


00 


10 



A GENTLEMAN OF THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY. 

1674, June 20. — Lost at bowling green, 
„ 20.— Payed of bowll Mail], ... 

„ 21. — For 3 of us, Cuiiinghd, my sister, and my self, our 
seeing the Play, ... 
Aug. H. — Lost at tennies with Kilbirnie, ... 
Dec. 26. — To the violers at Pollock at Eossyth's marriage, 
1G75, Mar. 31. — Spent at the hunting at Kilbar,... 
Ap. 2. — To Barochan's f^'uarriours, - 

1676, Jy. ]. — Given to see the Bears and the Ape, 

„ 11. — Spent in companie with the Master of Burley, 

1677, Mar. 1.5. — Lost in cards now and then in Edin., 

Jy. 9. — Lost at tables, 

,, 23. — Spent at night in company, 

„ 2r). — For my dinner at my Ld. Ross' man's brydall, 
Aug. 17. — Lost at the Billiards, ... 
Dec. 5. — For seeing the rope dancing, 

1678, Ap. 23. — Spent at my Lady Napier's woman's brydall, 
1680, Ju. 12.— For a sight of the Elephant, 

Dec. 9. — Spent at the ice. 

The entry " i'm- a iirognostication," which oceans sometimes, may be 
taken to indicate that the diarist set some store by the word of the 
soothsayer — yet if the price paid be any index of the vahie set on tlie 
advice, it appears to have been looked upon more in way of a joke. Once 
at least Gavin Moodie was the fortune teller : he seems to have been a 
hanger-on at Craigends for whom the Laird, though not a smoker himself, 
bought on one occasion two oz. of tobacco : — 

1674, Ap. 8. — To Gavin ]Moudie for his prognostication, ... £00 6 

1675, Jan. 30. — For a prognostication,... ... ... ... 00 4 

Mar. 29. — For 2 ounces tobac: to Ga: Moodie, ... ... 00 2 

1676, Jan. 12. — For a prognostication, .. ... ... ... 00 4 6 

1G77, Jan. 25. — For a prognostication,. .. ... ... ... ()(i 4 

Sept. 21. — For pears and a new prognostication, ... 00 2 6 

William (Aminghame fitted up in his father's house at Craigends, a 
room for his own private use, which lie calls his study. On it he .spent 
considerable sums :■ — 



674. — My expenses about my study, 
675. — My study building, 



£26 11 
1675.— My study building, ... ... ... ... 055 00 



The books and copies of Acts of Parliament which he purchased, show hi 
to have been nu conrant with the controversies of his time : — 



KILBAKCHAN. 



1675, Ju. 12.— 



Nov. 20.- 
1676, June 16.- 
1678, Feb. 16.- 
„ 19.- 
Jy. 27.- 
Aug. 1 O.- 
Nov. 2.- 



.679, 


Mar, 


i. 




■h-- 


10. 




Dec. 


10. 
26. 


.680, 


Feb. 


27. 




June 


17 



For a little book called "The 2' part of the fulfillir 
of the Scriptures," 

For the Act of Kegulation, 

For binding a book of written sermons, ... 

For a book called " Alleins Life and Death," 
— For ane Act of Counsell, 
—For a book called Clerk's Lives,... 
—For the Act of Con fention of Estates, 
—For a copy of the news about the plot, 
—For a new proclamation, 
— For the proclamation of the Fast, 
— For a printed paper, ... 

-For a little book called the Apollogy, 
— For a book called "Allan's Alarm," 
—For the Appendix Church History, 
— For a book called Allan's Remains, 
—For a Confession of Faith and Catechism, 
—For Pool's Nullity of the Roman Faith, ... 
— For a Funerall of the Masse, 
— Fur Corbet's Kinadome of God,... 



£01 








00 


3 





01 


1 





01 


8 





00 


1 


8 


11 


u 





00 


12 





00 


2 





00 


1 





00 


1 





00 


1 





00 


13 


4 


01 


9 





00 


9 





01 


6 





01 


5 





01 


8 





00 


8 





00 


4 






Suldiers of tlie Higlihuul Ho.st and of the East County Yeonianiy 
were quartered in 1678 on some of the Craio-ends tenantry — hence the 
followhio- entries ; — 



£07 16 





09 13 


4 


08 S 





00 15 


6 


06 


2 



1678, June 3. — I allowed to Ninian Parker, at his rent paying, as the 
half of the burden he bare of the souldiers, 
I allowed to James VValkinshaw, on the said account, 
„ 6. -I allowed to Arch: Arthur, on the said account, the 

souldiers being there 28 days, 
„ <i. — I allowed to Peter Walker, on said account, 
., 10. — I allowed to Hugh Cochran, on said account, 
Oct. 5.— I allowed to Janet Reid, at the compleiting of her 
rent, as the half of her burden for the blew coat 
souldiers, when they were heir, ... ... 09 11 8 

Lawburrovvs, a legal instrument making the landlord responsible if 
his tenants did not conform to the Acts of Parliament anent conventicle.s, 
etc., caused Cuninghame some concern : 

1678, Mar. 4 For a Consultation of lawyers about the public 



-For a Consultation of lawyers about 
business of Lawburrows, 



£20 2 



From the fretjuent mention of gratuities to the doorkeepers or officers it 
would appear that during 1077-80 Cuninghame was in pretty constant 
attendance on the law courts in Edinburgh, but whether his business was 



X GENTLEMAN OF THE SEVENTEENTH CEXTLRY. 117 

regarding his position ns ;i Presbyterian landlord or regarding the atiairs 
uf his stepson Cunninglianihead, we cannot ascertain. 

The (piotations given by no means exhaust the items of interest 
wliich the diary contains. Jt sheds quite a Hood of light on the details 
and amenities of life two centuries ago. It seems not a little strange to 
hear that the laird generally attended funerals dressed in a /tired cloak ; 
that when he went to hear Mr. Alexander Hauiiltou at Uahneny Church 
he had to hire a stool from the church officer; that he had to pay fees for 
his man servant's initiation into some sort of guild or corporation, the pre- 
cursor of that which on one occasion entertained the immortal Mr. Sam 
Weller on his visit to Bath : and that besides practising economy bv 
engaging a tailur as liis valet, he was the owner of a gieat many shuttles 
for which he bought live dozen rings and eight ells of great wire. 

The figure and character of William Cnninghame — thanks to his 
diary — stand before us with wonderful vividness. It almost seems as if 
were only yesterday that we saw him in the Parish Church and heard his 
cheerful salutation at the kirk gate or in the market place, and it is hard 
to believe that it is more than two centuries since the Laird and his Lady, 
having given Mr. John Stirling a "hearing," mounted "the brown lior.se" 
or "the little white naig" by the helj) of the leaping-on-stone at Robert 
King's house-enil, and rode oft' on tlieir way to Craigends. 



CHAPTER VIII. 
The Poll Tax Pioll— 1G95. 

How changed is here each spot man makes or fills ! 
In the two Hinkseys nothing keeps the same ; 

The village street its haunted mansion lacks, 
And from the sign is gone Sibylla's name. 

And from the roofs the twisted cliininey stacks — 
Are ye too changed, ye hills ? 

-M. ArnoUl's 'Jlnirsis. 

Purpose of the Tax— Its gradation and incidence— Roll for Kilbarchane Parochine— Notes on tlie 
Hows of Daniptonn, the Hairs of Nethir Pennell, the Craigs of Monkland, and the Youngs «f 
Weitlands— The Cochrane Succession Case— The Seniples of Middleton. 

Though the following list of names, prepared in connection with the Poll 
Tax, may not at first sight be found j>articularly inviting, yet on closer 
inspection it yields a great deal of very interesting and curious informa- 
tion regarding the social condition of the Parish at the close of the 
seventeenth century. 

In 1695 the Scottish Parliament, impres.sed with the necessity of 
increasing the efficiency of both the Army and the Navy, and recognising 
that the expenditure under this head could not be met by the already 
existing sources of revenue, resolved to impose a new tax. This wlss called 
the Poll Tax after the first of the main provisions of the Act, though in 
reality it went a good deal further than tbe name implies. The Act pro- 
vided, — 

(1) that all subjects, in capita, should pay 6s. with the following 
exceptions : — [a) the very poor ; (6) those under sixteen years of age 
living in homes yielding a total assessment of le.ss than 30s. ; and (o) 
servants engaged for the harvest merely, whose homes were not in the 
jiarish ; 

(2) that there should be an ad valorem assessment in addition to the 
poll money, according to the following rates: — (a) servants, including 
harvesters, contributed 7^ of their yearly wage ; (h) tradesmen 6s. for 
their trade ; {rj tenant fanners Vio part of tlieir rent according to the 

lis 



THE POLL TAX ROLL. 119 

valuation of 1643 ; (J.) shopkeepers according to the vahie of their stock, 
e.;/., if between 500 mks. and 5,000 mks., they were taxed £2 10s. ; (c) 
heritors whose valued rent was between £20 and £50, paid £1 ; betw'een 
£50 and £200, £4; between £208 and £500, £9; over £500, £l2 ; {/} 
widows ^3 of what their husbands if alive would have paid ; {</) notaries 
[)ublic, £4 ; (/;) doctors of medicine, £12 ; {{) gentlemen who did not 
come under any of the other heads, £3, e.g., the minister (James Stirling) 
and Robert Semple of Dyckhead. 

No one, however, was taxed under more than one head in addition 
to his poll tax, Init each was assessed under that whicli compelled him 
to contribute most. Take for example John Paterson in Tandlehill who 
was a farmer in a small wav as well as a weaver. The sum of his assess- 
ment was r2s., made up of Gs. under the Poll Tax and 6s. for his trade ; 
but he had not to pay the 2s. 5d. incident on his rent of £12. 

An examination of the list shows that the number of inhabitants in 
the parish was less than one thousand — most of whom were engaged in 
agriculture; that the number of weavers was only about forty; that in 
the village of Kilbarchan there were only thirty families, that of the five 
merchants only one had stock in trade exceeding 500 mks., i.e., £2S 
Sterling, and that there was but one weaver, Francis Houston. 

The manuscript of Poll Tax PtoUs for Renfrewshire was discovered by 
the late Mr. David Semple, writer, Paisley. In 1864 they were published 
in the Glasgow Herald. The accounts are kept in Scots money. The con- 
tractions used occasion little or no difficulty. 



K I L B A R I' H A N E P A R O C H I N E. 

The Lauds <>J' Johnstoune. 

The Laird of Johnstone, SOOlib' val.," 12lib 6sh; and his eldest 
soue, 500lib, 12lib 6sh ; his lady, 6sh ; William, Charles, 
and James, each sone thrie lib 6sh ; Elez. and Christian, 
daurs.,' each 6sh, £35 8 

James Thotnsoune, servant to the Laird of Johnstoune, 20lib 
fie, 10s ; Hat. Patiesoune, his spouse, 6sh ; James Urie, 
servant, 20lib fie, lOsh ; Robert Wallace, servant, 20lib 
fie, lOsli ; John Mouiitgomrie, sert., 16lib fie, Bsh ; Mary 

'Lib.^ pound. '^ Val. = valuation. ^ Daur3.=: daughters. 



120 KILBARCHAN. 

Bryce, servant, 24lib fie, 12sh ; Jean Crafoord, servant, 

20mks.' fie, Gsh 8d; Jean How, serf., 20mks. fie, 6sh 8d ; 

and Wni. NeilrfOLine, servant, 26lib fie, 13sli, £6 18 4 

Jolm Pettersoune, in Tandelehill, 12lb val., weiver, Gsli trade, 

6sli pole; Jean Held, lils spouse, (5sh, ... ... ... IS 

John Caldwall, yr.," 1 2lib val., no trade. Ssli Gd ; Agnas Aiken, 

his .spouse, Gsh, ... ... ... ... ... ... 014 8 

John Terbert, yr., r2lib val, r2.sh trade and pole; Agnas 

Lochead, his spouse, Gsh, ... ... ... ... ... 018 

James King, in Johnstoune Myllne, 45lib 13sh 2d val., 9sli 2d ; 

Mary Wallace, his mother, and Mary, his sister, each Gsh, 1 7 2 
John Reid, in Watersyde, 38lib 13s 4d, is 7sh 8d ; Jean Held, 

his spouse, and Margt. Clerk, sert., 12lib fie, r2.sh, ... 1 11 8 
John Snodgrass, taylior, in Rendyck, 20lib val. Gsh trade, Gsh 

pole; Anna Semple, his spouse, Gs, ... ... ... 18 

John (Jordoner, in Upper Walkmyllne, 25lil) val. 12sli trade 

and pole ; Jssobell Speir, his spouse, and James, his sone, 

each Gsh, 14 

Andrew Cordoner, yr., 13lib val. 3sh 8d ; Margaret King, 

spouse, ~ ... ... ... ... ... ■■. ..• 015 8 

John ]\[erchant, yr., 9lib val., weiver, 1: 

Isso. Robiesoune, his spouse, Gsh,... 
John Orr, fewer, of Barnaich, 20niks. val., 
John Ciirdoner, in Nether Walkmyllne, 14lib val., Wcdkei, 

]2sh; Jean Cochrane, his spouse, Gs, ... ... ... 18 

Fetter Alexr., weiver in Mains, 14lii) val., 12sh trade and 

pole; Jean Cordoner, his spouse, Gsh, ... ... ... 18 

William Cordoner, yr., walker, 25mks. val.. TJsh trade and 

pole ; Elspet Orr, his wife, Gsh, 018 

John Merschell, in Yeardfoot, 22lib val., 4sh Gd ; Jean Lindsay, 

his spouse, Gsh, ... ... ... ... ... ..• 16 6 

John Locheord, in Johnstoune, 3G, 13sh 4d val., 7sh 4(1 ; Janet 

Orr, his spouse, Gs ; and Catharine Pattiesoune, hervest 

fie, 4lib. is 2sh, 118 

John Wilsoune, in Haningsyde, heretor, above 50lib and below 

200lib val., 4lib Gsh ; Margt. Semple, his spouse, and 

Margt. his daur., each Gsh ; Alexr. Miller, hervest fie 

8lib, is 4sh, .i'5 2 

1 Mks.= merka. = Yr.= there. 



Ii trade aiK 


1 pole ; 


18 


ib Gsh, ... 




G 



THE TOLL TAX i;OLL. 121 

John BaiT, yr., 15lib val., 3sh ; Jean Wilsoune, his spouse, 

Gsli ; Margt. Cochrane, sert., 20mks fie, Csh Sd, £1 7 8 

Tliomas Barr, in Clajfaukl, 6Hb val., weiver, 12sh, trade and 
pole ; Agnas Barr, his spouse, and Agnas, his daur., each 
6sh, ... ' 14 

William Dick, in Hillhead, workman, Elizabeth Houstoune, 

his spouse, and Margt., his sister, each 6sh, ... ... 18 

James Semple, taylior, yr., 7niks. val., 12sh, trade and pole; 

Catharine Hendersoune, his spouse, 6sh,... ... ... 18 

John Foster, in Mains, 19lib 6sh 8d val., 4sh ; Isso. Merchant, 

spouse, Gsh,... ... ... ... ... ... ... OIG 

John Hall, smith in Guliehoiise, 15lib val., 12sh ; Agnas 

Baird, his spouse, Gsh, 18 

William Reid, in Pynsdaill, weiver, r2sh, trade and pole ; 
Jean Banatine, spouse, Gsh ; Ja. Whyte and Ja. Adam, 
prentices, each Gsh ; Marion Aikine, servant, 20mks. fie, 
12sh 8d ; Jonnet Merschell, good-mother, Gsii, ... ... 2 8 S 

Gavin Petter.soune, yr., weiver, 12s, trade and pole; K]s[)eth 

Allasoune, his spouse, and Agnas, his sister, each Gsh, ... 1 4 

John Hender.soune, taylior in Mains, 8lib val., 12sli, trade and 

pole; Elsjae Barbour, his spouse, Gsh, ... ... ... 18 

James Pettersoune, in Mains, lUmks. val., 2s 8d ; Elizabeth 

Cunlnghame, his spouse, Gsh, ... ... ... ... 14 

Gilbert Hunter, yr., 20lib val., 4s; Grissell Snudgra,sse, 

.spouse, Gsh, OIGO 

William Merschell, in Crokedaiken, 20mks. val, 2sli 8d ; Mar- 
garet Pattisoune, his spouse, Gsh,... ... ... ... 14 8 

Kobert Pettersoune, in Barsbush, 14lib va!., 2^\\ lOd; Jean 

Wodrow, his spouse, Gsh, ... ... ... ... ... 14 10 

Arch. Caldwall, mert.^ in Barsyde, 12lib val., not worth 500 
mks., 12s; Jean >Stewart, his spouse, Gsh; Anna King, 
sert., 20mks. fie, Gsh Sd ; Mary Cuninghame, servant. 
Glib fie, 3sh, 1 19 8 

Andrew Arthonr, merct. in Brigesyde, JJOlil) val., Gsh; Jennet 
Arthur, his spouse, Gsh ; Ja., Andr., Jean, William, and 
John, childi'eiue, each Gsh ; Margt. Cordoner, seit., lOlib 
fie, 5sh, 5 3 

' Melt. ^iiu-rcliaiit. 



KILBAECHAX. 



My Lord Semple's Lands and Fewars. Third Pt. 

.Tonnet King, in Murdo-eonliill, DOlib val., 8sli : Jean and 

Catharine Shaos, daurs., each Gs, ... ... ... ... £1 G 

James Orr, in Drygate, 50mks. val., Gsh 8d ; Jennet Stein- 

soune, his spouse, and Jean, daur., each Gsh, ... ... 1 4 8 

John OiT, tayHor in Corbarr, 20mks. val., 12sh trade and 

pole; Jonnet Houstoune, his spouse, Gsh, U IS 

John Nivine, yr., 20mks. val., 2sh 8d ; Jonnet Barbour, his 

spouse, and Jean, his daur., each G.sh, 108 

John Cochrane, in Hill, 40mks. val., osh 4d ; Agnas Hous- 
toune, his spou.se, Gsh ; Margaret Climie, .servant, 20niks. 
fie, Gsh 8d, 1 10 

Alexr. Cochrane, in Mains of Thirdpart, 40mks. val., 5sh 4d : 
Elspeth Riddell, his spouse, Gsh ; Catharine Lylle, 8inks. 
in hervest, 2,sh 8d, 10 

Marion King, in Hardgate, 20niks. val., 2sh 8d ; Andrew 

Clerk, her sone, Gsh ; and Margt., daur., Gsh, 14 8 

James Orr, taylior in Mains, Sval., Gsh trade, Gsh pole : Jennet 

Orr, his .spouse, G.sh, 18 

Elez. Erskine, in Faulds, 25mks. val., 3sh 4d ; Catharine 
Lochead, servant, lOmks. fie, 3sh 4(1 ; Robert Jack.soune, 
servant, lOlib fie, 5sh, 19 8 

John Pettersoune, in Thirdpart, collier, 5mks. val., 8d ; Marion 

Reid, his spou,se, Gsh, ... ... ... ... ... 12 8 

John Reid, in Walkmyllne, 8lib val., worth .500mk.s., 2]ib 
IGsh; Mary Barbour, his spou.se, ().sh ; Margt. Pattie- 
soune, his mothei", Gsh ; Robert Reid, jorneyman, 12sli; 
Wm., John, Robt., Mary, Elez., Jean, Grissell, and 
Anna, childreine, each Gsh ; Margt. Clymie, sert., 14lib 
lO.sh fie, 7sh 4d ; Jo. King, sert., 13lib fie, 7.sh Gd ; 
Catharine Cochrane, sert., 121 ib fie, 12sh, ... ... 8 6 

James Pinkertoune, in Wattersyde, wright, 8niks. val., Gsh 
trade, Gsh pole ; Mary Eweing, his spouse, Gsh ; David 
Pinkertoune, his fayr.,' in house with him, Gsh ; Elspe 
Riddell, 20mks. fie, is Gsh 8d, 1 IG 8 

' Fayr. = fatlier. 



THE TOLL TAX ROLL. 123 

Ro. Orr, in Bridgeflatt, vveiver, 15lib val., 12sh trade and 

pole; Christian Mountgomrie, Iiis spouse, 6sli, ... ... £0 IS 

Jennet Orr, in Shaws, widow, 6sh, ... ... ... ... G 

Robert Semple, of Dyckhead, gentleman, 3lib 6sli ; Elezabeth 
Abercrombie, his spouse, 6sh ; Francis, James, Agnas, 
and Elez., childreiiie, each Gsh ; John Robiesoune, sert., 
12lib fie, 12sh ; Marion Hutchisoune, sert., IGlib fie, 8sh ; 
Margaret Caskie, sert., 12lib fie, 12sh, 6 14 

John Hendersoune, in Plainlees, 40mks. val., osli 4d ; Margt. 
Hendersoune, his spouse, Gsh ; Jean M'Cunnochie, sert., 
lOlib fie, 4sh, 1 8 4 

Wm. Allassoune, in Brandscroft, 36lib val., Tsh ; Wm., his 
sone, 6sh ; Ja. How, sert., 17lib fie, 8sh Gd : Margt. 
AUasoune and Margt. Gillies, each IGlib fie, is 8d ; Jo. 
XJpplay, hervest fie Glib, is 3sh, ... ... ... ... 2 17 ('> 

William How, cotter, 3-r. 

John Allan, weiver, cotter, yr., 12sh trade and pole,... ... 12 

Catharine Patiesoune, his mother, living on charity. 

Robert Allan, cotter, yr., workman, Gsh, ... ... ... 6 

Robert Speir, in Corslett, 93lib val., IBsh 8d ; Agnas Orr, his 
spouse, Gsh; Robert King, sert., 20lib 13sh 4d fie, lOsh 
4d; Margt. Allan, servant, ISlib fie, 9s; Elez. Terbert, 
sert., 15lib Gsh 8d fie, 7sh 8d ; Agnas Caldwall, sert., 
lllib Gsh 8d, 5sh 8d ; John Plewright, hervest fie Glib, 
is 2sh ; Matt. Neasmith, hervest fie Glib, is 3sh ; Cath- 
arine Hendersoune, hervest fie, lOmks., 3sh 4d ; Hugh 
Crafoord, herd. Glib tie, is 3sh, 419 G 

James Clerk, yr., 4Glib val., 9sh 2d ; Mertha Clerk, his spouse, 
Gsh ; Wm. Blair, sert., 20lib fie, lOsh ; Jean Connell, 
sert., IGlib fie, 8sh ; James Andrew, herd, Blib fie, 4sh,... 3 12 

John Clerk, yr., 4Glib val., 9sh 2d ; Elez. Mountgomrie, his 
spouse, Gsh ; Margt. Miller, sert., IGlib fie, 8sh ; William 
Reid, in hervest Glib fie, 3sh, 1 18 2 

Thomas Orr, in St. Bryde's Chappell, weiver, 2lib Gsh 8d, val, 
Gsh trade, Gsh pole ; Issobell Jamiesoune, his spouse, Gsh ; 
Wm. Reid, prentice, Gsh,... 140 

William King, in Craigneock, 20lib val., 4sh ; Margt. Speir, 
his wife, Gsh ; William, his sone, Gsh ; Margt. Love, ser- 



124 KILBARCHAN. 

vant, r2lil) fie, l'2,sli ; .Tolm Houstoune, liervest fie fillb, 

is3sli, £1 17 

Issoball King, cotter, (Jsh, G 

Gavin Houstoune, cotter. 

William King, in Auchindinuane Myllue, GOllb val., 12sh ; 
Elez. Cochrane, his spouse, Gsh ; Agnas Pettersoune 
and Agnas Scocli, servants, each 20mks. fie, is Osh 8d ; 
and James Steinsoune, harvest fie 8Hb, is 4sh ; James 
Carswall, hervest fie 8hb, is 4sh ; Agnas Miller and Elspet 
Caldwall, hervest fies each 6lib, is 3sh each of them ; and 
James M'Kemie, herd, 4lil) fie. 2sh, ... ... ... 3 12 4 

James Carsv^^all, cotter. 

James Brodine, smith in Bridge. 

John How,' of Damptoune, G2lib 13sh 4d value, 4lib Gsh ; 
Sussanna Cuninghame, his spouse, Gsh ; Issobell, John, 
James, Margt., and Anna How his childreine, each Gsh, G 2 



ClotJio'Irlcl: 

Robert 8peir, yr., llGlib 13sh 4d val.. llib 3sh 4d ; Margt. 
King, his spouse, Gsh ; Margt. King and Jennet M'Kie, 
servants, each 20mks. fie, Gsh 8d ; Robert Speir, his sone, 
Gsh ; Ro. Love, Dlib hervest fie, 4sh 6d ; John Thom- 
soune, 8lib hervest fie, 4sh ; Isso. Crafoord, Jonnet Aikin- 
head, and Mary C':impbell, each Gliij hervest fie, mde. 4lib 
4sh 2d, 4 4 2 

Robert Baveradge, of Greinsyde. 

Niniaii Terbert, Greinsyde, 23lib Gsh 8d val., 4«h 8d ; Jonnet 

Orr, his spouse, Gsh ; and Nininn, his sone, Gsh,... ... 1 2 8 



1 According t<> William Scmple, no fewer than twelve of tlie name '• John How" successively 
occupied and owned Danitonn. " The profession of medicine was hereditary in tlie faniili'— not 
less than eight of its members having, in succession, belonged to it, all residing at Damtnun or 
Penneld." Tlie last, John How, surgeon at Damtoun, died in 181C, at a great age. [Crawford and 
Semple'siioi.h-eic.s/u'ce; Hector's /Mrfu-/(«i Recuids,i\.. pp. 63-7.] Sometimes the ladies How followed 
the vocation of midwife. The Jolni How of the Roll, it is worth remarking, did not pay £12, the tax 
to which a Doctor of Medicine was liable, but only £4 as a heritor. Mrs. Rankin of Muthill, 
daughter of the late Rev. Dr. M'Cnlloch, West Cliurch, Greenock, is a descendant of the Hows. 
Amongst the older gravestones in Kilbarchan Kirkyard are those which mark the last resting-place 
of members of this faniilv. 



THE POLL TAX ROLL. 



NctherpciuiL'U. 



Anna Merschell, heretrix of Nethei-|:)eiHiell, 94lil) val., 4lilj 

Gsh ; jMaiy Merscliell, lier sister, Gsb, 1'4 1 1! 

John Hair/ yr., llOlil) val., llib 2sh ; Issobell Brodine, liis 
spouse, 6sh ; Jolui HaLri^- and his wife, in hervest 8Hh, is 
4sh ; John Wright, in hervest SHb tie, 4sb ; William 
Hair, his brother, six shill., ... ... ... ... 2 8 



Major Ilamilfoune's Laiuh aji'l William Craiys. 

Andrew How, ofPennell, heretor, lOOlil) v.il , 4lib Gsh ; Jennet 
Allassoune, his spouse, 6sh ; And. and Margt. Hows, 
childreine, each Gsh ; Margt. Aikine, servant, IGmks. fie, 
5sh 4d ; Agnas Houstoune, servant, 14lib tie, 7sh, ... G 8 4 

James Craig, yr., lOlib 3s 4d val., 2sh 2d, mert., no stock, 12si) ; 
Jennet Reid, his .spouse, Gsh ; Jean Pattiesoune, seit., 
Slibfie, 4sh, ISO 

William Hamiltoune, cooper, 12sh ; Bessie Andrew, his spouse, 

Gsh, 18 

John Barbour, Ft)iesyde, olib val., Isli ; Jean Linn, spouse, 

Gsh, and Jean Linn, his daur., Gsh, 13 

James Thomsonne, weiver, yr., 12.sli ; Jennet his sister, G.sh, 18 

John Barbour, in Forehouse, no stock, 12sh, ... ... ... 12 

Jean Young, yr. 

William Hair, in Boarland, 25lib val., 5sh ; Margt. Gardiner, 

his spouse, Gsh: John Hair, bis sone, Gsh. ... ... 13 

Wm. Craiav elder, in INLjnkland. 12lib val., heretor, Gsh: 



1 The John Hair mentioneJ was probably brother to Margaret Hair, wife of Professor James 
Wodrow (1637-1707) and mother of Robert Wodrow, minister of Eastwood, the Church Historian 
(1079-1734). Tlie mother of John and Margaret Hair was Janet Stewart of Blaclihal), descended 
from Sir James Stewui t of Ardgowan, a son of King Robert IIT. Jean Hair (1777-1830), mother 
of the late Mrs. Mathew Anderson {nee Agnes Lang) of Ashburne, was of the Peiinell family, 
so that though the name has disappeared, this family has still a repre.sentative in the parish. 

2 There are only two names preserved now in connection witli the heritages which ancestors of 
the same name enjoyed in 1695— Cnninghaine in Craigends and Craig in Monkland. The present 
proprietors of Monkland, Hugh and William Craig, represent the si.xth generation from William 
Craig and Agnes DaB", his wife, who in 1672 obtained sasine from the Earl of Dnndonald of lands, 
part; of which was known as Mnngo'-i Acre. To them succeeded a grandson James Craig, son of 



120 KILBAECHAN. 

Agnas Daft', his spouse, 6sh ; Wni. Craig, his sone, Gsh : 

Agnas Park, his spouse, Gsh ; Elspet TayUor, Glib her- 

vest fie, 3sh, £1 7 

James Miller, workman, Clockhodrick, Gsh ; Grizell Eweing, 

his spouse, ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 12 

John Wilsoune, workman, yr., Gsh; Issobell Mersliell, his 

spouse, and Margt., his daur., each six shill., ... ... 18 

William Stewart, cotter, workman, yr., Gsli ; Issobell Calume, 

his spouse, Gsh, ... ... ... ... ... ... 012 

Niniaii Terbert, weiver, yr., 12sh ; Jonnet King, spouse, Gsh; 

David Broadine, prentice, Gsh, ... ... ... ... 1 4 



The Lands of BnnitsJtcills, 
Belonging to the Earle of Diindonald. 

John Cumine, Bruntsheills, 40lib val., 8sh ; Jean Killpattrick, 
spouse, Gsh; Ja. Miller, sert., 28lib fie, lOsh ; Margt. 
Wilsoune and Jonnet Barbour, servants, 14lib 13sh 4d, 
each 7sh 4d ; James Miller, in hervest lOmks. fie, 3sh 
4d ; Ja. Adam, in hervest Slib fie, 3sh, 3 9 

James Barbour, cotter, workman, Gsh ; Jean Hunter, spouse, 

Gsh, 12 

Alex. Speir, wright, 1 2sh ; Margt. Terbert, his spouse, Gsh,... 18 

Wm. Gibbe, 20lib val, 4sh ; Margt. Orr, his spouse, Gsh ; 

Robt., his brother, and Jean, his sister, each six shill., ... 1 8 

Allan Speir, yi'., 40lib val., 8sh ; Grizell Orr, his spouse, Gsh ; 
Jo. Orr, sert., llmks. fie, 3sh 4d ; Jennet Nivine, sert., 
4lib fie, 7sh ; Ja. King, hervest fie, lOmks. 3sh 4d ; I\Iar- 
garet Terbert, hervest fie, lOmks., 3sli 4d, ... ... 2 9 4 



The Lands of Craigends. 

Robert Blair, in Auchincloich, 30lib val., Gsh ; Margt. Blair, 
his daur., Gsh ; Agnas M'Clemie and Margt. Clerk, each 
12hbfie, 12sh, ' 2 2 

William Craig, younger, and his wife, Agnes Park ; James Craig married Mary Barr in 1736. The 
3rd generation is represented by William, son of the above, who married Jean Kerr ; the 4tli 
generation by John Craig, born in 17V3 ; the 5th by John, born in 1808, married Jean Patrick 
Parker ; the Gth by Hngli and William Craig, issue of the above marriage. 



THE POLL TAX ROLL. 127 

Alex. Taylior, jr., 14lib val., 4sli lOd ; Jonnet Terbert, hi.s 

sjDOUse, 6sh ; AYilliaiii Taylior, bis sone, G shill., mde. 

llib. Ish lOd, £1 1 10 

Matthew Aikine, yr., 14lib. val., 2sb lOd ; Jean Smith, bis 

spouse, and Jean, his daur., each 6sh. ... ... .. 1 10 

Robert Breadine, yr., Ulib val., 2sh lOd ; Margt. Cochrane, 

his spouse, and Jennet, his daur., each Gsh, ... ... 1 10 

James Taylior, 14]ib val., 2sh lOd ; Jen. Andrew, his spouse. 

6sh, 14 10 

Jennet Cochrane, in Aucbiiuseal, 40mks. val., 5sb 4d ; William 

Denniestoune, sert., 2 llib fie, lOsh 6d ; Margt. Mount- 

gomrie, servant, 18lib 13.sh 4d fie, 9sh 4d, 2 3 

Robert Blair, elder, yr., 20mks. val., 2sh 8d ; Jo. Blair, his 

sone, 6sh ; John Steinsoune, hervest fie, 7lib, is 3sh Gd, 18-2 

Robert Blair, yor.,' yr., ^Omks. val., 2sh 8d ; Isso. Parker, his 

spouse, Gsh ; Isso. Lang, sert., 1 01 ib fie, 5s, ... ... 1 5 8 

John Lylle, yr.. Ulib val., 2sh lOd ; Margt. Orr, spouse, Gsh, 15 
Robert Lylle, yr., 14llb. val., 2sh lOd ; Margt. Lylle, daur,, 

Gsh ; Jennet Hou.stoune, hervest fie 8 merks, 2sh 8d, ... 17 8 
James Lylle, yr., 24lib val, 4sh lOd; Jean Craig, his spouse, 

Gsh; Robt., his sone, Gsh, ... ... ... ... .., 1 2 10 

Ninian Parker, in Tore, 2llib val., 4sh 2d ; Isso. Fleeming, 

his spouse, Gsh ; Ninian, his sone, Gsh ; Mary Wright, 

sert., 14lib 13sh 4d fie, 7sh 4d ; Elspeth Park, sert., 

12lib fie, 12sh 2 7 G 

James Laird, yr., 48lib val., 9sli 8d ; Agnas Parker, his 

spouse, Gsh ; Margt. Parker, sert , lOlib, 5sb ; James 

Parker, herd, 8lib fie, 4sh ; Neill Pettersoune, 4iiiks. 

hervest fie, Lsb 4d, ... ... ... ... ... ... 1 13 

Mattbow Parker, yr., 53lib G.sh Sd val., lO.sh 8d ; Elspeth 

Toft'ts, his spouse, Gsh; Ro. Scot, servant. I 5lib Gsh 8d 

fie, 7sh 8d ; Eiez. Campbell, servant, 14lib Gsh 8d fie, 

7sli 2d; Jennet Toft'ts, servant, 13lib fie, Gsh Gd, ... 3 2 

Robert Lylle, in Torebill, 2llib val., 4sh 2d; Elez. How, bis 

spouse, Gsh, ... ... ... ... ... ... OIG 2 

James Lylle, in Hill, 47lib val., 9sh Gd ; Jean Park, his 

spouse, 6s ; Jennet Lylle, daur., Gsh, ... ... ... 17 6 



, Gsh, ... 








val., 5,s!i ; 


As 


;nas 


On-, 


lib lOsh \ 


.■;ib. 


7sb 


4d: 


1. bis soiie. 


Gs : 


; Jennet, 



128 KILBARCHAN. 

Mattbow Ban-, in Buttball, lOlib val., 2sb, weiver, Csb trade 

6sb pole ; Jennet KeLso, bis spouse, Gsb ; Walter Ban 

jorneyman, Gsb ; and Margt., daur, Gsb, ... ... ... £1 10 G 

Jobn Parker, in Tbriplee, 24llb lOsli 

spouse, Gsb, ... ... ... ... ... ... i; 

Jobn Watterstoune, in Lintwbeet, 3Gli 

Margt. Orr, bis spouse, Gsb ; Joli 

bis daur., Gsb, ... ... ... ... ... ... Ill G 

William Barr, in Hallbill, SGlib 13sb 4d val., 7sb Gd ; Margt. 

Cocbrane, bis spouse, Gsb ; Margt. and Agnes Barrs, 

cbildreine, eacb Gsh ; Patt. Killocb, bervest fie .'^lib., is 

Is Gd ; Eupbame , herd, no fie, ... ... ... 1 13 

James King, in Mossyde, IGlib val. ; Anna Haverage, bis 

spouse; Margt. King, his daur., ... ... ... ... 1 1 2 

George Lang, in Coalboog. 40mks. val.. 5^b 4d ; Jonnet 

Caldwall, his wife, Gsb : Katbarine M-Neill. liervest fie 

5lib, 2sh 6d, 1 i) 10 

Tho. Steinsoune, Beyond the Hill. 1.5lil) val., 3sb : Jonnet 

Blair, his spouse, Gsb, ... ... ... ... ... 015 

Elspeth M'Artour, in Manswray, 25mks. val., 3sb 4d ; Robert, 

James, and Elezabeth, her cbildreine, each Gs, ... ... 17 4 

William Rodger, yr., 20llb vab, 4sb ; Jennet Dick, bis spouse, 

Gsh ; Jonnet ( "aldwalb sert.. Ulil) 13sh 4d fie, 7sb 4d, ... 1 9 4 
John Cochrane, in Hardgate. 25mks. val.. 3sb 4d ; Marie Orr, 

his spouse, Gs, ... ... ... ... ... ... 15 4 

Jo. Miller, in Locbersydeniyllne, Jean Fleming, bis spouse, 

20lib val "... " IG 

Ja. Stevinsoune, yr., lOlib val., 2sb ; Helen Speir, bis wife, 

2sh ; and Jonnet, his daur., Gsb, ... ... ... ... 1 

James Aikine, in Kamehill, 50lib val.. lOsb : Jean Allasoime, 

his spouse, 6,sb ; Elez. Boll, servant, 12lib fie, 12sb, ... 114 
Jonnet Lochead, yr., SOlib val., lOsh ; James, Wm., Robt., 

and Agnas, her bairnes, each Gsh ; Margt. Lot-head, sert., 

17mks. fie, 5sh 8d, ... 2 11 8 

James Black, in Lochersyde, 25mks. val, 3sh 4d ; Agnas 

Dick, bis spouse, Gsb ; Jean Houstoune, bervest fie Glib, 

is 3sb, 18 4 

Robert Gardiner, yr. 



THE POLL TAX KOLL. 129 

John BaiT, in Bootstoune, 25lib val., 5sh ; Agnas Hamilton, 
his spouse, 6sh ; Marion Barbour, servant, 12lib fie, 12sh ; 
James Steinsoune, hervestman, 7mks. fie, 2sh 4d, ... £111 4 

John Orr, in Mains of Craigends, 25 merks val. 3sh 4d ; 

Jennet Lochead, his spouse, Gsh, ... ... ... ... 1.") 4 

James Carswall, yr., lOmks. v-al., 2s\\ Sd ; Isso. Houstonne, 

his spouse, 6sh, ... ... ... ... ... ... 014 8 

Wm. Caldwall, in Mains of Craigstoune. lOmks. val., Ish 8d ; 

Marlon Patiesoune, his spouse, 6sh, ... ... ... 13 8 

John Shaw, yr. 

John Dick, yr., collier, 12sh ; Jennet Caldwall, his spouse, Gsh, 18 

James Moodie, weiver, yr., 12sh trade and pole; Margaret 
Laird, his spouse, Gsh ; Robert Johnstoune and James 
Orr, prentices, each 6sh, ... ... ... ... ... 1 10 

Issobell Caldwall, yr., lOmks. val., Ish 8d ; Isso. Lylle, daur., 

6sh, ". 13 8 

Arch. Arthour, in Nether Craigends, lOOmks. val., 13sh 4d ; 
Jennet Terbert, his spouse, 6sh ; Ptebecca, his daur., 6sh; 
Agnas Love, sert., 14lib fie, 7sh ; Jonnett Begg, 8raks. 
hervest fie, 2sh 8d ; James Steinsoune, 8mks. and one 
half hervest fie, 2sh lOd ; Jo. Tliomsoune, herd, 8lib fie, 
4sh, 2 3 10 

John Walker, yr.. GOlib val., r2sh ; Jonnet Moriesoune, his 
spouse, Gsh ; Agnas, her sister, Gsh ; Jo. Barr, in hervest 
Ghb fie, 3sh ; James Hair, in hervest 4lil) fie, 2sli ; 
Jonnet Scot, Glib hervest fie, 3sh, ... ... ... 2 I 

James Hair, taylior, yr., 12sh trade and pole ; .Teune Piichie, 

his spouse, Gsh ; James Hair, his sone, Gsh, ... ... 1 4 

John Cochrane, in Alkens, GOlib val., 12sh ; Mary Arthour, 
his spouse, Gsli ; John Wood, Slib fie, 4s : Isso. Miller, 
servant, Glib fie, 3sh ; Agnas Alexr., servant, 12]ib fie, 
Gsh ; Bo. Love, in hervest Glib fie, 2sh ; Jolm Orr, in 
hervest llmks. fie, 3sh 4d, 3 2 10 

Jiinies Si lodgrass, taylior, cotter, yr., 1 2sh trade and pole; 

Helen Liddell, spou.se, Gsh ; Wm., Iiis sone, Gsh, ... 14 

John Reid, yr., fled to Ireland. 

John Wallace, cotter, weiver, 1 2sh ; Jennet Laird, liis spouse, 

6sh, 18 



130 KILBAKCHAX. 

James Patiesoune, vr., 2111b val., 4sli 2d; Margt. Liggett, his 

spouse, 6sh,... ... ... ... ... ... ... fO IG 2 

Wm. Merschell, in Manswray, cotter, workman, Gsh ; Jean 

Reid, his spouse, 6sh, ... ... ... ... ... 12 

Wilham Orr, in Kilbaichane, workman, Gsh ; Elez. Killoch, 

his spouse, 6.sh ; John Killoch, his father-in-law, Gsh ; and 

Elezabeth Gibbe, his spouse. Gsh ; Jean Killoch, daur, Gsh, I 10 
Tho. Miller, yr.. mert., no stock, 12sh trade and pole ; Jean 

Caldwall, his spouse, Gsh ; and Christian Reid, servant, 

16 merks fie, 5sh 4d, ... ... ... ... ... 1 9 4 

James Bredine, cordoner, yr., 12sh trade and pole; Margt. 

Merschell, his spouse, Gsh,... ... ... ... ... 18 

James Arthour, yr. 10 val., 2sli ; Jean Thomsoune, his spouse. 

Gsh; Isso. Stewart, servant, 4lib fie, 4sh, ... ... I 4 

Robert Speir, mert.. yr.. no stock, 12sh ; Mary Simpsoune, 

his spouse, Gsh, ... ... ... ... ... ... 018 

Francis Houstoune, weiver, yr.. no stock. 12sh trade and pole; 

Catharine How, his spouse. Gsh. ... ... ... ... 18 

John Aikine, mert.. yr . no stock, 12sh ; Elez. Aikiiie. his 

spouse, Gsh,... ... ... ... ... ... ... 018 

Margt. Barbour, weidow. yr., Slib val.. Ish 8d ; Margaret 

Love, her daur., Gsh, ... ... ... ... ... 013 8 

Robert Taylior. vr.. Gsh; Jean Houstoune, his spouse, Gsh ; 

Issobell Houstoune, her sister, Gsh, ... ... ... 018 

Robert Love, smith, yr. 

James Rodger, fled to Leland. 

James Love, flesher, yr.. 12sh. trade and pole : Margt. Lmice, 

his spouse, Gsh, ... ... ... ... ... ... 018 

Umphra Barbour, yr., 4lib val., lOd ; Mary How, his spou.se, 

Gsh, 

John Glen, yr., 4Hb val., LOd ; Marion Orr, his spouse, Gsh.... 
Thomas Young, meit.. yr., worth 500mks., and wtin. 5000mks.. 

2lib lOsh ; Margaret Veitch, his spouse, Gsh, ... 
Wra. Aikine. yr.. workman, Gsh; Mary Allasoune. his spouse. 

6sh, ... ' 

Marion Orr. weidow, yr., 4niks. val., 8d, 

Robert Lylle, church officer, Gsh ; Jennet Fecknie. his spouse. 

Gsh, 12 

John Pettersoune. yr. 






13 








12 


10 


3 


•^ 








12 








G 


8 



THE POLL TAX KOLL. 131 

John Load, taylior, yr., l'2sh trade and pole ; Jean Kerr, his 

spouse, 6sh, £0 IS 

Jonnet Miller, yr., 4lib val.. lOd ; George Siukler, sone, Gsh, 13 

John Gardner, workman. 

James Park, yr.. workman, Gsh ; Jonnet M'Kemie, his wife, 

Gsh, 12 

Robert Gibb, yr., carier, Gs ; Jean Reid, his spouse, Gs. 

Archibald Scott, yr. 

Robert Wodrow, yr., wreight, r2sh, trade and pole ; Elspe 
Clymie, his spouse, Gsh; Agnas Erskine, sert., r2lib fie, 
lOsh, ... 1 10 

Jonet Fleeming, yr., weidow, and Catharine Aikine, her 

daur., each Gsh, ... ... ... ... ... ... 12 

AVra. Broune, mert., yr., 12sh ; Issobell AUasoune, his spouse, 

Gsh; Catharine Cochrane, his moyr.. Gsh, ... ... 1 4 

William Loads, tayliors, elder and yor. 

John Young, yr., workman, Gsh ; Elspeth Fyfe. liis spou.se. Gsh, 12 

Margt. Pettersoune, yr., and Jonnet, her sister, each Gsh, ... 12 

Margt. Pattiesoune, yr. 

John Adam, conper. 

Robert Miller. 

William Cuninghame, of Craigends, heretor, above lOOOlib 
val., 24lib Gsh; his lady and four childreine, each Gsh; 
Alexr., William, and John, his sones, each 3lib Gsh; 
William Alexr., his servant, 40lib iie. llib Gsh ; Wm. 
Inglice, sert, 23lib fie, 17sh Gd ; Archibald Scott, ser- 
vant, 24 fie, 18sh; Alexr. M'Alister, sert., 20lib fie, IGsh; 
Mary Collquhoune, servant, SOlib fie, llib Gsb ; Jean 
Colquhoune, sert., 17lib fie, 14sh Gd ; and Anna Angus, 
sert, Ulibfie, I3sh, mde. 42lib, 41 2 10 



Tlie Lands of Over Johnstone. 

James King, yr., IGlib val., 3sh 2d ; Agnas Baverage, spouse, 

Gsh; Margaret King, his daur., G sh, ... ... ... 1 1 4 

James Semjile, yr., 3 llib Gsh 8d val., Gsh 4d ; Isso. King, his 

spouse, G sh. ... ... .^. ... ... ... 018 4 

William Aikine, 22lib 13s 4d val., 4sh Gd ; Jennet Craig, his 

spouse, ... ... ... ... ... ... ... IG 8 



132 KILBARCHAN. 

Will. Thomsuune. cottei". shoemaker. 1 28h ; Af;-nas Lockert. 

his spouse, (;sli fU 18 

Win. Aikiiie. in Bordsyeard, weiver. 14hb val.. 1 2sh trade and 
pole ; Joiuiet Reid, his spouse, Gsh ; Jennet Alhin, liis 
moyi'., Gsh ; Jean" Aikine, 7 mks. heivest fie, ■2sh 4d. 

Rich. Allasoune, wright, 12sh trade and pole ; Catharine 

Fleeniing, his spouse, G sh ; Jonuet, his daur., Gsh, ... I 4 

Mr. James Stirling', minister. 3lib Gsh ; Margt. Dunloap, his 
spouse, Gsli ; Jean and Bessie Stirling.s, childreine, each 
Gsh ; James Wayllie, servant, 8lib fie, 48h ; Jennet Mur- 
doch, sert., 14lib fie, 7sh, 5 7 



ClippLILS. 

Hugh Cochrane, portioner. yr.. 4Slib 13sh 4d val., but hath 
llOmks. more val., is Llib lOsli Gd pole, besides generall 
pole ; Margt. Cochrune, his spouse. Gsh : Hugh. Jean. 
Elez., Ann, Robert. John, and Alexr. Cochranes, his 
childreine. each Gsh ; John Henderson, servant, 20lib fie. 
IGs; Mary Hendersoune, sert.. 14llb 1 3sh 4d fie, 13s 4d, 5 7 10 

Robert Stewart, cottar, y\\ 

Jonnet Shaw, in Linwood, living on cliarity. 

Eupham Park, cotter, Gsh G 



Lair ,,/ Ktllxorhdiw. 

Thomas Bredlne, in Lawland, 22lib val., 4sb Gd ; Jennet 
Merschell, his spouse, Gsh; Jennet Mevschell. sert.. lOlib 
fie, 5sh ; Mary Semple, 4 lib hervest fie, 2.sli, 1 8 

John How, of Braes, 50 mks. val, Gsh 8d ; Margaret Tarbert, 

his spouse, Gsh. ... ... ... ... ... ... CIS 8 

William Bredlne, weiver in Halrlawes, ISlib val.. 1 2sh trade 

and pole ; Jonnet Laird, his spouse, Gsh.... ... ... 18 

Aiidrev/ Wilsoune, in Goldenknows, 12lib val. 2sh Gd ; Marie 

Craig, spouse, Gsh,... ... ... ... ... ... 14 G 

Jennet Callum, 12lib val,, 2sh Gd : John Pettersoune, her 

sone, weiver, 12sh ; John Thomsoune. jorneyman. 12sh. 1 12 G 



THE POLL TAX KOLL. 

John Aikine, weiver in Todholes, 2()inks. val, 3sli (id. Gsli trade, 

Gsh pole; Pattcick Killoch, prentice, (Jsli; Robt. Cochrane, 

joineyman, 12sh, ... 
John Speir, in Waixlhouse, 51mli.s. val., Gsh 8d ; Jean Speir. 

his mother, and Jean and Agnas, his sisters, 'each Gsh ; 

Robert Wodrow, sert., 8 Kb 13sh 4d tie. 4sh 4d. 
James Young,^ in Weitlands, 46hb val., 9sh 2d ; Jean Cald- 

vvall, his spouse, Gsh; Margt., his daur., Gsh; Wm. 

Young, his brother, Gsh ; Elezulieth Aikine, servant. 

12Ubfie, 12sh, 



Diuidouald's Lands. 

John Greinleis, portioner of Mulrehead, 12Hb val., 2sh Gd ; 

Catharine Cochrane, his spouse, Gsh, ... ... ... 14 G 

Hugh Walker, weiver, por. yr., 5lib llsh val., 12sh trade and 
pole ; Agnas Stewart, his spouse, Gsh ; William Barr and 
John Stewart, prentices, each six shill., ... ... ... 1 10 

The Lands <>/ Blackstoune. 

Alexr. Naper of Blackstoune, gentleman, 3lib Gsh ; Anna 
Naper, goodmother, llib 3d pt. of his pole ; Cat. Naper, 
his lady, Gsh; Jo., Alexi-., Margt., and Anna Napers. 
childreine, each Gsh ; David M'Alpie, sert., 40lib fie, llib 
Gsh; John Foster, sert., 24lib fie, ISsh ; Ro. M-Inlay, 
sert., 20lib fie. IGsh ; Nicolas M'Alpie, sert.. 24lib fie. 
18sh; Agnas Cumine, sert., IGlib fie. 14sh ; Margt. 
Christie, sert.. 14sh : Catharine Patiesoune, seit.. IGlili 
fie, Ush^nide. in all lUib 12sh, 11 12 

Wm. Thomsoune, weiver, in Blackston, 12sh ; Isso. Thom- 

soune, his spouse ; Margt. Gemmell in Blackstoune, ... 18 

John Caldwall, in Nether Blackstoune, 44lib val., 9sh ; Jean 
Boll, his spouse, Gsh ; Elspeth Caldwall, his daur., Gsh : 
Jonnet Clerk, sert, IGlib fie, 14sh, ... ... ... 2 1 



1 On the lintel of uue of the doors at Weitlands may be seen the inscription — I Y I C 1688 — 
which in all likelihood stands for '"James Young and Jean Caldwell" his wife ; the date is pro- 
bably that of their marriage. 



13-1 KILBARCHAN. 

Wm. Boog, yr., 35lib 16sh val., 7sh 2d ; Elspeth Boll, his 

spouse, Gsh ; Jean and Catharine, his daurs., each Gsh, ... .£l 11 iJ 

John Calbreath, yr., 22lib llsh val., 4sh 6d ; Isso. Calbreath, 

his spouse, Hsh ; Margt. Semple, herd, 4lib fie, 2sh, ... 18 (J 

Patt. Pettersoune, yr., in Selvieland, 57lib I3sh 4d val., llsh 
4d ; Helen Cumine, his spouse, Gsh ; Ho. Shaw, servant, 
18lib fie, 9sh ; Jennet Pettersoune, sert., lOlib 13sh 4d 
fie, 5sh 4d ; Margt. Pettersoune, sert., 14lib fie, 7sh ; 
Margt. Baird, sert., lOlib 13sh 4d fie, 5sh 4d, 3 14 4 

James Semple, in Midletoune, 89lib val, IBsh ; Margt. 
Arthour, his spouse, Gsh ; Wm., Mary, and Agnas, his 
hairnes, each Gsh; John Arthour, his brother-in-law, Gsh; 
Robert Dick, sert., 20lib fie, lOsh ; Ja. Johnstoune, sert., 
lOlib fie, 5sh ; Jean Greive, servant, 14lili 1 3sh 4d fie, 
7sh4d, 4 14 4 

Hugh Walker, yr., weiver, 12sh ; Jennet Walker, sister, Gsh : 

James Walker and Ro. King, prentices, each Gsh, ... 1 10 

Robert Ross, nottar publick, 4lib Gsh ; Androw, Helen, 
Robert, Agnes, and Elizabeth Rosses, his childreine, 
llib lOsh, 5 IG 

Wm. Gardiner and Wm. Aikine, servants to Robt. Ross, each 
22lib fie, llsh each ; Jonnet Lylle, sert., 12lib fie. Gsh ; 
and Jean Fergow, sert.. Glib fie, 3sh, and Gsh eacli 
generall pole, ... ... ... ... ... .•• 215 

Christian Hoiistoune, in Linwood, lOlib val., 3sh lOd ; George, 
Margt., and James Semples, childreine, each Gsh ; Ja. 
Cumine, sert., 20lib fie, lOsh ; Jonnet Steinsoune, 14lih 
13sh 4d fie, 7sh 4d ; Isso. Simpsoune, servant, 20mks. fie, 
Gsh 8d ; Agnas How, sert., 12lib fie, Gsh ; Agnas Semple, 
her sister-in-law, Gsh ; Wm. King, hervest fie 8lib, is 4sh; 
John Cumine, hervest fie 8lib, 4sh, ... ... ... 413 8 

Margt. Boog, cotter, yr., ... ... ... ... ... G 

Elspet Lamont, cotter, y r ... ... ... ... C) 

Wm. Cumine, wright, 12sh ; Agnas Calbreath, spouse, Gsh ; 

John Cumine, prentice, Gsh, ... ... ... ... 1 4 

John Cumine, cotter, dryster in Linwood, Gsh; Helen Arthour, 

his spouse, Gsh, ... ... ... ... ... ... 012 

Robert Boog, cordoner, yr., 12sh trade and pole ; Agnas 

Arthour, his spouse, Gsh, ... ... ... ... ... 018 



£u 


(1 


u 





\-2 








18 








18 





1 


4 








12 





1 


15 


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1 


10 


a 



THE POLL TAX IJOLL. 

Robert Barr, cotter, yr. 

Andrew Gillies, cotter, yr 

Jennet Arthour. weidow, yr., (!sh ; Jean Stewart, her daur., 

Gsh., 

Peter Sclatter, weiver, yr., 12.sli ; Jonnet Sclaitter. his daur, 

6sh, 

Wm. Andersoune, under milhier in Linwood, Gsh ; Jean, his 

daur., Gsh; Jean Shaw, his spouse, Gsh, ... 
John Johnstoune, workman, yr., Gsh ; Maro-t. Caldwall, his 

spouse, Gsh; Jean Merschell, good-mother, Gsh; John 

Clark, weiver, Gsh,... 
Wm. King, workman, Gsh ; and Agnas, his daur., Gsh ; Jo. 

Clerk, 

Marg-t. Semple, in Myllne of Cart, 22lib Gsh val., 4sh Gd ; 

Agnas Baird, servant, 14lib fie, 7sh ; Margt. Park, 12lib 

fie, Gsh, 

James Semple, yr., 22lib Gsh val., 4sh Gd ; Anna Cumine, his 

spouse. Gsh ; Jonnet Johnstoune, sert., 20mks. fie, Gsh 8d, 



The Lands of Selvieland. 

Alexr. Brisbane, por. of Selviland, 250mks. val., 4lib Gsh ; 
John Whytehill, sert., 20lib fie, lOsh ; Jo. Aikine, sert., 
9lib fie, 4sh Gd ; Anna Speir, sert., IGlib fie, 4sh, ... G G G 

Thomas Gibsoune, yr., Kilib val., 3sh 2d; Jean Lylle, his 

spouse, Gsh ; Mary Barr, sert., 14mks. fie, 4sh 8d, ... 1 5 10 

Ptobert Gibsoune, yr., 4llib 18sh 4d val., 8sh (id: Christian 
Lang, his spouse, Gsh ; Margt. and Catharine, his daurs., 
each Gsh, ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 1 12 G 

The Lands of Raniphorlie. 

Robert Orr, in Barnbrock, 25lib val., 5sh ; Jonnet Cumine, his 

wife, Gsh ; Agnas Caldwall, in hervest 6 lib fie, 3sh, ... Ill 
James Orr, yr., 25lib val., 5sh ; Isso. Orr, his spouse, (Jsh ; 

Jennet Jamiesoune, sert., 1 Glib fie, 14sh, ... ... 1 11 

Wm. Aikine, in Barnbeth, SOinks. val., Gsh 8d; Jonnet Aikine, 

his spouse, Jo. and Margt. Aikines, childrene, each Gsh ; 

Jennet Aikine, servant, 12lib fie, 12sh, ... ... ... 2 2 8 



13G KILBAECHAN. 

James Taylior, yr., 25mks. val. ; Jannet Sheirer, spouse, ... £0 15 4 

Margt. Caldwall, yr. 

James Park, yr., 'JSmks. val., 3sh 4d ; Jean Maxwell, his 

spouse, 6sh ; Margt. Aikine, sert., IGlib fie, 14sh, ... 19 4 

Matthew Aikine, in Barmufflock, 25libval., 5sh ; Agnas Oir, 

his spouse, 6sh ; .James and Jonnet, childreiiie, each Gsh, I 'J n 

John Aikine, 25lib val., 5sh ; Jean Allasoune, his spouse, 6sh; 

Margt. Lindsay, sert., lllib 8sh fie, 5sh 8d, 1 8 10 

George Lylle, in Hatoune, 40mks. val., 5sh Gd ; Jonnet Iteid, 

his spouse, Gsh, ... ... ... ... ... ... 17 G 

Hugh Allan, in Shillingworth, 50inks. val., Gsh 8d ; Jean 

Smith, his wife, Gsh, 18 8 

James Houstoune, yr., 50mks. val., Gsh 8d ; Margt. Black, 

spouse, I) 18 8 

Robert Cochrane, yr., 25mks. val., 3sh 4d. ; Margb. Lang, 

spouse, Gsh ; Jean Parker, Olib Gsh 8d fie, 5sh, 1 G 4 

Hugh Cochrane, yr., 25mks. val., 3sh 4d ; Mertlia Keir, 

.spouse, Gsh,... ... ... ... ... .. ... l.o 4 

Andrew Steinsoune, in Broounocklie, val. G3lib Gsh Sd, 12sh 

8d ; Cath. Lylle, his spouse, Gsh, ... ... ... ... 1 <") 

John Thomsoune, in Dubs\'de, 

John Speir, weiver, yr., 12sh, ... ... ... ... ... 12 

James Steill, in Priestoune, 25mks. val., 3sh 4d ; Jonnet 

Androw, spouse ; Sarah Ferguson, servt., lOlib fie, ... 1 G 4 
Ninian Orr, in Burnsyde, cordoner, 5mks. val., 1 2sh trade and 

pole; Jennet Parker, his spouse, Gsh, ... ... ... () 18 

Margt. How, in Horsewood, lOlib val., 2sh ; Margt. Parker, 

daur., Gsh, 14 

AVm. Parker, yr., lOlib val., smith, 12sh trade and poll : Elez. 

Love, his spouse, Gsh, ... ... ... ... ... 18 

Wni. Lang, yr., 40mks. val., osh 4d; Jonnet Seniple, his wife, 

Gsh ; James and Jean, his bairnes, each Gsh, ... ... IK) 

Hugh Kelso, in Golkhall, 8mks. val., taylior, 12sh trade and 

poll ; Margt. Kelso, his sister, Gsh, IS 

Thomas Steinsoune, in Calsyde, 25lib, 5sh : Helen Speir, his 

spouse, Gsh ; Agnas Lennox, his servant, 12lih fie, 12sh, 19 
John Adam, in Clevans, ISlib val., 2sh 8d ; Agnas Andrew, 

his spouse, Gs, ... ... ... ... ... ... nl4 8 



THE POLL TAX ROLL. 137 



Tlie Lands of Watterstoune. 

David Wayllie, 26lib val., osh 2d ; Barbara Keneddie, his 

spouse, Gsh,... ... ... ... ... ... ... £0 17 4 

John Allasouiie, lUib vah, 2sh 2d ; Cath. Miller, his wife, 6sh, 14 2 
Wm. Caldwall, yr., lOlib val., 2sh ; Elspeth Mitchell, his 

spouse, 6sh ; and Wm., his sone, 6sh, ... ... ... 1 

John Orr, heretor, yr., 20mks. val., Gsh ; Jean Wilsoune, his 

spouse, Gsh, 12 

James WiLsoune, Between the Hills, SGlib val., heretor, llib 

6sh ; James and Anna, childreine, each Gsh ; James 

Lylle, Glib hervest fie, 3sh ; Margt. Dick, 5lib, hervest 

fie, 2sh 6d, 2 3 G 

Wm. Wallace, yr., 40inks. v;i!., 5sh 4d ; John Wallace, his 

sone, Gsh, 17 4 

Wm. Lylle, cordouer, 12sh trade and pole ; Margt. Thom- 

soune, his spouse, and James Lylle, his sone, each Gsh.... 14 
Robert Gardiner, in Booghouse, lolib val., 3sh ; Isso. Miller, 

his spouse, Gsh ; Margt. and Jean, his daurs., each Gsh, 1 7 

Alexr. Miller, yr;, 5lib val., Ish ; Margt. Barr, his spouse, Gsh, 13 
William How, ordinar workman, Gsh, ... ... ... ... G 

John Thomsoune, yr., 15lib val., 3sh ; Marion Lylle, his 

spouse, Gsh ; John Thomsoune, his sone, shoemaker, 12sh, 17 



Windiehill. 

Richard Hunter, 44lib 9sh val., Osh ; Beatrix Hamiltoune, his 

spouse, Gsh,... ... ... ... ... ... ... 1 1 

The Lands of Fidltouns. 

Wm. Broune, in Little FuUtoune, 84lib val., 17sh ; Jonnet 
Cochrane, his spouse, Gsh ; Isso. Cochrane, sert., lOlib 
13.sh 4d, 5sh 4d ; Mary Cochrane, sert., 8lib 13sh 4d fie, 

4sh4d, ... — 2 10 8 

Wm. Ferrier, cotter, and Mareon Lyell, spouse, ... ... 12 

Wm. Stewart, cotter, yr., and Isso. Cuninghame, his wife, Gsh 

each ; Issobell Stewart, 018 

s 



138 KILBARCHAN. 

Wm. Hendersoune, and Helen Hair, spouse; Joiinet Lyell, liis 

niece, £0 18 

John Steill, on charity. 

John Caldwell, weiver in Moorefoot, 12sh trade and pole ; 

Margt. Arthour, spouse, 6sh ; John Steill, prentice, 6sh, 14 
John Wallace, yr., his wife, on charity. 
James Bronne, in Meikle Fnlltoune, GOlib val., 12sh; Mai'gt. 

Orr, his spouse, 6sh ; Jennet Orr, his mother-in-law, 6sh ; 

Marion Cochrane, his servant, 13lib 6sh 8d fie, 6sh 8d ; 

Bessie Orr, his servant, 8mks. fie, 2sh 8d, ... ... 2 12 

John Pettersoune, cotter, and Marion Alexander, yr., ... 12 

John Broune, yr., 44 val, 3sh lOd ; Jean Neilstoune, his 

spouse, 6sh ; Margt. Laird, his moyr.-in-law, 6sh ; Jo. 

Moodie, servant, 16lib 16sh 8d fie, 8sh 4d ; Anna Daff, 

sert., 9lib fie, 4sh 6d ; Elez. Reid, spouse to John Moodie, 

6sh, 2 16 6 

James Kerr, weiver, 12sh trade and poll ; Catharine Gillies, 

his spouse, 6sh ; Jo. Kerr, his sone, 6sh,... ... ... 1 4 

James Hall, in Green, 30lib val., 6sh ; Anna King, his spouse, 

6sh, 18 

Issoball Cuninghame, cotter, Gsh ; Agnas Barr, her daur., 6sh. 



Hairs Pennell. 

Gabriel Hendersoune, in Craigwoodie, 23lib lOsh val., 4sh 8d: 

Margt. Breadie, his spouse, Gsh, ... ... ... ... 016 8 

Octor Tarbert, in Hai'eswall, 14lib val., 2sh lOd; Jean Adam, 

his spouse, Gsh, ... ... ... ... ... ... 015 

Wm. Cochrane, yr., 2Glib lOsh val., 5sh Gd ; Marion Simp- 

soune, his moyr., 6sh, ... ... ... ... ... 17 8 

James Wayllie, in High Pennell, 2Glib lOsh val., 5sh Gd ; 

Mary Orr, his spouse, 6sh, 17 8 

James Wallace. 

Barr of Kilharchane. 

James How, in Barr, 50lib val., lOsh ; James Cordoner, ser- 
vant, 12lib fie, Gsh ; Jean Liggett, sert., 14Ub 13sh 4d 
fie, 7sh4d; Mary Grieve, sert, 14lib fie, 7sh, 2 14 4 



THE POLL TAX ROLL. 139 

Thomas Aikine, yr., 25lib val., 5sh ; Jounet Cochrane, his 
spouse, 6sh ; Isso. Allasoune, sert., 14Ub fie, 7sh ; Jennet 
Aikine, hervest fie 6lib, 3sh, £1 13 

Wm. How, yr., colUer, 6sh ; and Margt. Clymie, his spouse, 

6sh, 12 



The Lands of Auchinames. 

Matthew Aikine, yr., 24Hb val., 4sli lOd ; Margt. and Jonnet 

Aikines, childreine, eacli 6sh ; Isso. Aikine, sister, 6sh,... 1 8 10 
John King, in Yeardfoote, 15Hb 5sh 8d vah, 3sh 8d. and 12sli 

trade and pole; Jonnet Cordoner, his spouse, 6sh; Margt. 

King, his daugliter, six sliilHngs, ... ... ... 1 4 

Wilham Houstoune, in Pishenhnne, 24Hb lOsh val., 5.sh ; 

Elspe Caldwall, spouse, Gsh ; Robert Houstoune, his 

sone, 6sh, 13 

James Barbour, in Overtouiie, Sllib 13sh 4d val., 16s. 4d ; 

Bessie Houstoune, his spouse, Gsh ; James and Mary 

Barbours, childreine, each Gsh, ... ... ... ... 2 4 

John Hair, in Colliochant, 49lib val., 9.sh lOd ; Elezabeth 

Wilsoune, his spouse, Gsh ; Andrew Clymie, sert., 20lib 

fie, lOsh ; Margt. Wilsoune, 8mks. hervest fie, 2sh 8d ; 

Cath. Aikine, Glib hervest fie, 3sh, ... ... ... 23 6 

Jomes Terbert, yr., weiver, 12sh trade and pole ; Elez. How, 

his spouse, Gsh, ... ... ... ... ... ... 18 

Wm. Gardiner, in Glentyane, ventiner, 4lib val., lOd ; Jean 

Drumont, his spouse, Gsh ; Jennet Gardiner, .sert., 13lib 

6sh 8d fie, Gsh 8d, 15 8 

James Hair, in Mains, 24lib val., 4sh lOd ; Jean Calum, his 

spouse, Gsh,... .. ... ... ... ... ... 017 

John Love, in Banks, 25mks. val., 3sh 4d ; Elspe Hatrig, his 

spouse, Gsh,... ... ... ... ... ... ... 015 4 

James Jacksoune, in Mains, 24lib lOsh val., 5.sh ; Wm., 

Issobell, and Jonnet Jacksounes, childreine, each Gsh, ... 1 9 
John Young, in Glentyane, Glib val., bleitcher, 12sh trade and 

pole; Jean Houstoune, his spouse, Gsh, ... ... ... 18 

Robert Houstoune, flesher, yr., 7lib lOsh val., 12sh trade and 

pole; Isso. Crafoord, his spouse, Gsh, ... ... ... 018 6 



14 



140 KILBAECHAN. 

John Speir, yr., 5lib val., Ish ; Isso. Jamiesoune, his spouse, 

6sh ; John Speir, weiver, his sone, and Issobel, daughter, 

12sh trade and pole, ... ... ... ... ... £1 5 

John Orr, in Mains, 20lib lOsh val., 4sh 2d, 10 

Wm. Wodrow, in Nivine Croft, 20lib val. ; Margaret Duncan, 

spouse, 
Wm. Breadine, in Lochpen, 16lib val., 3sh 2d ; Jonnet Barr, 

his spouse, 6sh, ... ... ... ... ... ... 015 4 

James Speir, in Kobbstoune, 24lib lOsh val., 5sh ; Jonnet 

Tarbert, his spouse, 6sh ; Ja. Speir, his sone, 6sh, ... 1 3 

James Cumine, in Laumarnock, 24lib lOsh val., 5sh; Euphame 

Eweing, his spouse, 6sh ; James Cumine, his sone, 6sh ; 

ElspethBooll, servant, 13lib fie, 6sh 6d., 116 

John Mountgomrie, yr., lOlib val., 4sh; Marion Allan, spouse, 

6sh, 14 

Issoball Adam, cotter, yr., ... ... ... ... ... 060 

Wm. Love, in Gladstoune, 50mks. val., 6sh 8d ; Margt. 

Baverage, spouse, 6sh, ... ... ... ... ... 018 8 

John Barbour, yor. yr., 25lib val., 5sh ; Jean Wodrow, his 

his spouse, 6sh, ... ... ... ... ... ... 17 

John Love, in Wardend, 46lib val., 9.sh 2d ; Margt. Adam, 

his spouse, 6sh ; Margt. Pettersoune, 6lib hervest fie, 3sh, 14 2 
James Love, yr., 22lib 6sh 8d val., smith, 12sh trade and pole ; 

Elez. Eeid, his spouse, 6sh ; Margt. Love, sert., 12lib fie, 

12sh, 1 10 

Thomas Houstourie, in Mains, 40]ib lOsh val, 8sh 2d ; Elspet 

Orr, his moyr., 6sh ; Jean Houstoune, sister, 6sh, ... 1 6 6 

John Murdoch, in Cartsyde, weiver, 25lib val., 12sh trad and 

pole ; Jonnet Neil, his spouse, 6sh, ... ... ... 18 

Alexr. Speir, in Kublestoune, 49lib val., 9sh lOd ; Margt. 

Blair, his spouse, 6sh ; Bo. Speir, servant, 19lib 6sh 

8d fie, 4sh 8d ; Jennet Eeid, sert., 14lib fie, 7sh ; Margt. 

Lang, sert., 16lib fie, 8sh ; Hugh Wayllie, in hervest 

8lib fie, 4sh; Elspet Scott, 7lib 6sh Sd fie, 3sh 8d; Margt. 

Crafoord, herd, 5lib 13sh 4d. fie, 2sh lOd, 3 15 

James Houstoune, in Glentyane Myllne, 6sh ; Jonnet Ouplay, 

his spouse, 6sh ; James Houstoune, his sone, 6sh, ... 18 

WiTi. Houstoune, weiver, yr., 12sh trade and pole ; Margaret 

Ouplay, his spouse, Gsh, ... ... ... ... ... 18 



THE POLL TAX ROLL. ' Ul 

James "Wodrow, in Lawmarnock, 49lib val., 9sh lOd ; Margt. 

Orr, his spouse, 6sh, ... ... ... ... ... £i i lo 

John Wodrow, yr., 12hb lOsh val., 2sh 8d ; Matt. Wodrow, 

shoemaker, 12sh trade and pole, ... ... ... ... 1 G 

Issoball Adam, cotter, yr., 6sh,... ... ... ... ... 060 

John Barbour, elder, y r. ; Elspeth Blair, his spouse, ... ... 012 

John Craig, in Cartsyde, 24lib lOsh val., 5sh ; Margt. King, 

his spouse, 6sh, ... ... ... ... ... ... 17 

John Reid, weiver. yr., 12sh trade and pole; Geills Mount- 

gomrie, his wife, Gsh, ... ... ... ... ... 18 

Alexr. Steill, weiver, yr., 12sh trade and pole; Margt. Aikine, 

his wife, 6sh, ... ... ... ... ... ... 12 

John Houstoune, in Glentyane, and his wife, ... ... ... 12 

The poll list for Kilbarchan Parish was taken by William Cunning- 
ham, of Craigends ; George Houston, of Johnstone ; and Robert Ptoss, 
their clerk, and delivered at Paislev 28th October, 1695. 



Note on Clippexs Succession by David Semple, F.S.A. 

This succession has been in the Court of Chancery in England, and 
in the Court of Session, Scotland, twenty-five years. Clippens estate has 
been settled on Hugh Ferrier, the lineal descendant of Mary Cochran, but 
the personal estate is still in Court. The claimants to this personal 
succession are legion, and liave appeared from every part of the world. 
The child Hugh, in the roll, had five children, John, Margaret, Alexander, 
Mary, and Hugh. John had five children, Hugh, Peter, Mary, Joan, and 
Janet. Hugh, Mary, Joan, and Janet all died without issue. Margaret 
was married to Arcliibald Wilson, whose descendants are now extinct. 
Alexander died unmarried. Mary was married to John Ferrier, and she 
had several grandchildren alive in 1836. Alexander and Hugh died 
without issue. The child Jean, in the roll, married William Semple, in 
Middleton, and had two grandchildren alive in 1836. The child Elizabeth, 
in the roll, married Andrew Arthur, in Barr, and had four grandchildi-en 
alive in 1836. The child Ann, in the roll, married John Anderson, in 
Burnsyde, and had one grandchild alive in 1836. The child Robert, in 
tlie roll, died unmarried. The child John, in the roll, had no grand- 
children living in 1836, but several great-great-grandchildren. The child 
Alexander, in the roll, died unmarried in 1775. Peter Cochran, commonly 



142 KILBARCHAN. 

called Dr. Cochran, had gone to India in his youth, amassed an. immense 
fortune, returned to Scotland in 1817, died in 1831, and his son died in 
1835 without issue. The chief claimants in Scotland are descendants of 
aunts and descendants of grand-uncles and grand-aunts of the Doctor. 
Great numbers of claimants have made inquiries after the money, but only 
a few have come into Court. The descendants of Mrs. Wilson, aunt of the 
Doctor, being all extinct, all claimants through her are fictitious, and their 
fabricated lines of propinquity will not bear the test of inquiry. James 
Braidwood, alleging himself to be a descendant of Elizabeth Wilson, a 
daughter of Margaret Cochran, raised an action, which was dismissed. 
Elizabeth Wilson, the ancestress of Braidwood, belonged to a different 
family. The next claimant was Robert Baton, a great-great-grandchild of 
the child Elizabeth, in the roll, who raised an action in 1855, which was 
decided by a jury against him in 1859. He stated that Hugh and 
Margaret Cochran had only three children, Hugh, Elizabeth, and Alex- 
ander, but the poll rolls reveal the fact that there were seven children — 
Hugh, Jean, Elizabeth, Ann, Robert, John, and Alexander. The next 
claimant who raised an action was Neil Cochran. Mrs. Cochran was 
owner of Burnside, in Lochwinnoch, which she disponed to her child 
Robert, in the roll, and be was called Robert Cochran o/' Burnside. He 
let the farm to a Robert Cochran, and he was called Robert Cochrane in 
Burnside. Neil Cochran claimed as a descendant of Robert Cochran of 
Burnside, and had his case set down for a jury trial in 1859, when he dis- 
covered he was a descendant of Robert Cochran in Burnside, and 
abandoned his case. He was no relative of the bachelor landlord, but a 
descendant of the married tenant. The next person who instituted legal 
proceedings is John M'Lachlan, Kilmarnock, who claims as a great-great- 
grandson of the child John. He may be a descendant of a John Cochran, 
but he is not the descendant of the John Cochran mentioned in the poll 
roll. The claimants Paton, Cochran, and M'Lachlan all alleged that Mrs. 
Ferrier was illegitimate, and claimed to be next-of-kin to the Doctor. 
The grand-parents of both Paton and M'Lachlan (if the propinquity of the 
latter was correct) being dead previous to 1831, Paton and M'Lachlan, 
consequently, cannot be the next-of-kin to the Doctor, while sevoal 
grandchildren of the grand-aunts of the Doctor, who are two degrees 
nearer, were alive at the death of his son in 1835. These two claimants, 
Paton and M'Lachlan, if the propinquity of the latter were true, can 
never succeed in their pretended right. Neither the great-great-grand- 
children, nor even the grand-children of Jean, Elizabeth, Ann, and John 



THE POLL TAX ROLL. US- 

Deed distress themselves about the money, because that line can never 
establish the unfounded allegation that Mrs. Ferrier, the law^ful daugliter 
of Hugh Cochran, sister of John Cochran, and aunt of the Doctor, was 
illegitimate. Jean Cochran was the great-grandmother of the compiler of 
the present publication (sc. David Sample) ; and his father, John Semple, 
who was alive at the death of the Doctor's son, knew all his Semple and 
Cochran relations, and particularly the child Alexander, in the roll, 
commonly called Sergeant Cochran, his and the Doctor's grand-uncle, 
who died in 1775, with whom he had many conversations in his youth. 

N'ote on the Semples of Middleton by David Semple, F.S.A. 

William Semple is the great-grandfather of the com|)iler of the 
present publication. He married Jean, eldest daughter of Hugh Cochran, 
of Clippens, in 1705. Tradition has handed down that this family had 
been tenants in Middleton for 400 years. The compiler, however, is 
never satisfied with these oral accounts (which can be altered to assume a 
magnified or distorted form according to the enthusiasm of the narrator, 
to impose on the credulous), unless they are corroborated by an authentic 
document, which continues always the same. The first written evidence 
the compiler found was In the Court Books of the Regalitie of Paisley, 
under date 1st April, 1596, when John Semjjle, tennant In Middletoun, 
pursued Steven Cumming, in Candraneburne, for payment of 4lib money, 
the price of 6 bolls of black oats, at 13sh. 4d. per boll ; and xxiii sh. for 
half a boll of gray corne and seconds. Another entry In the same Court 
Books, under date 28th July, 1598, when John Vause, the Fiscal, com- 
plained against William Sempl, burgess of Dumbarton, and John Sempl, 
in MIddeltoun, for Invading each other with drawn swords. John Semple 
appeared, and confessed that he "drew ane sword and struck the said 
William"; and Gavand Stewart appeared for William Semple, and denied 
the complaint. The Fiscal then proved It, when the j^arties were fined in 
X. libs each for a breach of the peace. The family ofSemj^le continued in 
the farm of Middleton from 1596 till 1852, in lineal descent from 1st 
John the gladiator, as follows : — 2d, Thomas ; 3rd, Andrew ; 4th, James ; 
5th, William ; 6th, James ; 7th, James ; and 8th, James Semple — a 
period of 256 years, embracing eight generations. All the receipts for 
the rents from 1666 to 1852, inclusive, a period of 187 years, have been 
preserved, and are bound in two volumes, In the possession of the last 
tenant, Mr. James Semple. 



CHAPTER IX. 

KiLBARCHAN DURING THE EIGHTEENTH CeNTURY. — ECCLESIASTICAL AND 

Educational Affairs and the Provision for the Poor. 



The twa best herda in a' the wast, 
That e'er gae gospel horu a blast, 
These five and twenty simmers past, 

Oh ! dool to tell, 
Hae had a bitter black outcast 

Atween themsel. 

— Burns. 

Parish ministers in the eighteenth century — Johnstone — Warner, the agriculturist — Maxwell, 
contributor to the Old Statistical Account^The Secession Congregation at Burntshiels — The 
Burgher Kirk and its ministers — M'Cara — Lindsay — Wylie — Relief congregation at Kilbar- 
chan — The Church and its first minister, John Maclaren — A new parish church at Kilbarchan 
— Two classes of heritors — A new manse — Latin inscriptions — Educational — Schools and 
schoolmasters — Tenent — Cowie, the recalcitrant — Reid, the unencouraged — Michael Garner — 
Simson — Ferguson — Manson— The school of 1751 — Rebuilt in 1782 — School at Burntshiels — 
Hallam — Porterfield, the cobbler — The Poor — How the Session provided for them — A badge 
given to the deserving — Great number of beggars — Kirk Session finance — Income and expendi- 
ture, 1742 and 17G9 — Educating the children of the poor — Liberal-minded charity — Variety of 
charitable schemes — Sources of Kirk Session's income — The kirk plate — Banking business and 
legacies —Boydsyard — Mortcloths — Confiscation and booking money — Irregular marriages — 
Other sources of income— Pew rents — Provision for Poor after 1785 — Assessment — The Com- 
munion — Privy censures and collections — Putting up the tent — Casting tokens — Burntshiels 
communions. 



Parish Ministers. 

After the ti-anslatiou of James Stirling to the Barony, tliere was a 
vacancy of nearly two years in Kilbarchan. In May, 1700, the 
parishioners had made up their minds to call Mr. Alexander Muir, after- 
wards of Rutherglen, and several months passed before that gentlemen 
gave a decided answer. He does not say so, but it is probable that his 
objection to Kilbarchan was that both church and manse were ruinous. 
In November the parishioners called Mr. Robert Johnstone, but the 
Presbytery delayed his settlement until Craigends, the chief heritor, 
had given a solemn promise to put the ecclesiastical buildint;s into good 
repair'. 



KILBAKCHAN DURL\(i THE EIGHTEENTH CEXTUllY. 145 

At the time of his .settlement Johnstone wns twenty-eight years of 
a^e. As he had been tlie Presbytery of Dunfermhne's bursar, he probably 
belonged to that part of the country. He was educated at Glasgow, and 
was licensed by the Presbyterv of Paisley in May, 1700. The date of his 
ordination at Killiarclian is IGtli April, 1701. Like his predecessor he 
was sent to Aberdeen — the Granite City often borrowed preachers — 
*■ with iiermission to stay for two months if the Aberdeen people wished 
him so long." 

Johnstone has left beliind him the reputation of having been an 
evangelical preacher; he was also a man of affiuis. being appointed Pres- 
b3'tery clerk in 1703, and treasurer in 1712; he was conunissioned to go to 
Edinburgh and consult lawyers regarding a knotty point in Church law 
connected with the Second Charge of Paisley Abbey [May, 1708] ; he got 
a new church built in 1724, and what was substantially a new manse in 
1730. In 1718 he received a presentation to the Parish of Houston,' 
which, apart from Kiilalhm as it tlien was, was probably a poorer living 
tlian Kilbarchan, but had pei'haps compensating advantages. The 
Presbytery .saved him from the ungracious task of decHning the ofter by 
" protesting against presentations as an invasion upon the privileges of 
this Church, and causing the presentation to be delivered back." Towards 
the clo.se of his ministry he got himself into rather seririis trouble, and 
was sharply rebuked by the Moderator of the Presbytery for having 
married one of his parishioners to a lady without the proclamation of 
banns [December 17, 173.5]. 

Mr. Johnstone married Ann. youngest daughter of Claud Hnmilton 
of Bai'nes, and had issue, a son (James) and three daughters (Anna. Mary, 
Margaret). James was a major in the filst Foot, and a daughter of his 
(Mary Anne) was married to Francis, Lord Gray of Kinfauns. Anna, 
Johnstone was married to William CuUen, the distinguished physician, 
who occupied professorial chairs at both Glasgow and Edinburgh, and 
was founder of Glasgow Medical School and of Ediidjiu'gh Royal Medical 
Society, and who had amongst his pupils William Hunter of the Hunterian 
Museum, and Dr. Joseph Black, the celebrated chemist. At his death 
the debts owing to Johnstone amounted to £9863 Sc, i.e.. £822 sterling. 
He died 27th October, 1738, in the si.xtv-fifch year of his ao:e and the 



iJ of Houston was 5 ch.-vlders, 12 bolls, 3 firlets victual; £53 8s. 10.1. 
.allowance for comiimnlon eleinents. Killailan, 5 clialders victual, £100 





Mn ] 


!739 


the 


stip. 


Sc. 


small 


vicai 


raue 


s ; n^ 


Sc. 


suiall 


vicar 


af,'es 


1, 20 



146 KILBARCHAN. 

tliirty-eio-lith of his ministry, and was buried [8th November] at the west 
door of the church, where a mural tablet marks his grave. The inscrip- 
tion concludes with a Latin sentence, forbidding anyone to disturb his 
remains, " Ne liceat nenn'ni defodere banc urnam." 

John Warner, born in 1713, licensed by the Presbytery of Irvine 
1737, was the second son of William Warner, proprietor of Ardeer, 
Stevenston. The Warners were a clerical family. The grandfather of 
John Warner of Kilbarchan had been Minister of Irvine [1688-1702] 
as well as proprietor of Ardeer, and an aunt, Margaret Warner, was 
mnrried (1) to Ebenezer Veitch, Minister ol Ayr [l703-i3], and (2) to 
Kobert Wodrow, Minister of Eastwood, historian of the Church. His 
great grandfather was William Guthrie, Minister of Fenwick, " a great 
humorist, a great sportsman, a great preacher, a great writer," author of 
A Saving InUrest in Christ, a book the merits of which have lately been 
re-discovered; and tliis Gutln-ie of Fenwick was cousin to Guthrie of 
Stirling, the martyr, wlioni Cromwell once descriljed as '■ the short man 
who could not bow." 

In spite of so distinguislied an ancestry there was some unpleasant- 
ness connected with Warner's settlement in Kilbarchan. Mr. John 
Buchanan, a licentiote who had sometimes suppUed the pulpit dm-ing 
the old minister's illness, had a considerable following. We bear of a 
tumult at the election, of a Paper of Association signed by five elders, of 
the Presbytery looking on the case as novel and important ; yet Warner 
had good friends, Craigends amongst them, and so in spite of the opposi- 
tion he was ordained 8th September, 1739, and was, it is said, received 
cheerfully by the heritors, elders, and others present. In the course 
uf the next five years the dissenters found refuge in the Secession C!on- 
gregation, which met at Burntshiels. 

Mr. Warner took a great interest in agriculture and education. His 
glebe, extending only to four and a half acres Scots, part of which was 
built u]ion, aiforded him too little scope for his energies, and .so he was 
the more ready to embrace the offer made him in 1751 by James Milliken 
to exchange the old glebe for one four or five times as large cm the lands 
of Over Johnstone. It was under his auspices that the Kilbarchan 
Farmers' Society took origin in 1765, and two addresses he delivered to 
this Association embodying the results of his own experience — "On a Wet 
Harvest " and " On the Hay Croj) " — were afterwards published, and had 
a considerable circulation ; he thus anticipated the kindly interest which 
modern County Councils take in agriculture by introducing new notions 



KILBAKCHAN DUKIXG THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY. 147 

and new metlious to the notice ot" a class constitutionally conservative. 
It was due to his efforts that a school was built in 1751, and rebuilt 
thirty-one years later, and that a better qualified teacher was appointed. 
When the Ministers' Widows' Fund was started in 1742 he was one of 
those who thought that £14, not £20 as proposed, should be the annuity, 
on the ground that entry money ot" £20 and an annual pnynient of £4 
were too much for a minister to give ; it is not surprising that one airing 
such views should have died a bachelor. In 1774 Mr. Warner had a 
paralytic stroke, and for more than a year he could not even meet with 
his elders in session. Though he never entirely recovered he found him- 
self able to resume his duties, and he continued to preach for eleven years 
longer, being assisted by the neighbouring ministers, and by two helpers, 
Mr. William Boyd, afterwards Minister of Fenwick [1782-1828], to whom 
reference is made in Burns' poem " The Ordination," and Mr. William 
Brown, afterwards Minister of Eskdalemuir [1792-1835]. 

Warner died 8th March, 1786, and was buried beside his pre- 
decessors, where an obelisk has been ei-ected to his memory by his 
nephew, Patrick Warner of Ardeer. 

In 1750, the second James Milliken purchased the Patronage of 
Kilbaichan. He died in 1776, and his trustees, on the death of Warner, 
issued a presentation in favour of the Rev. Patrick Maxwell, who was 
then a chapel minister. This was the first time since 1G05 that a lay 
patron had exercised his right in the case of a Presbyterian Minister in 
Kilbarchan, and as might be expected the people were not prepared to 
give a hearty welcome to the presentee. It w;is, however, rather 
difficult to make out a good case against Maxwell, who seems to have 
been a very worthy man. He had been tutor in the family of the patron 
and had probably been promised the presentation when Warner first fell 
ill. The case on which the opposition had to rely, and to which the 
Presbytery lent a sympathetic ear, was that the right of patronage 
belonged not to the trustees, but to Captain Napier of Culcreuch. A 
diligent canvass was made of the parish. Maxwell's call was signed by 
heritors possessed of nine-tenths of the land in the parish, l)y all the 
elders, and by many heads of families. The opposition led by William 
Barr of Cartside, John Galbraith in Thirdpart, John Cochrane in Lin- 
wood, James Lyle in Torr, and William Lang in Bridge of Weir, had the 
support of two hundred and sixty heads of families and inhabitants in the 
Town and Parish of Kilbarchan. The case was appealed to the Assembly, 



148 KILBAKCHAN. 

and the supreme court held that the Preshytery had heen guilty of most 
unjustifiable delay, and ordered that Mr. Maxwell be forthwith inducted. 

The legal proceedings occupied the best part of a year. Maxwell 
was inducted on the 5th July, 1787, but meanwhile the Relief Congrega- 
tion had taken form. The existence and undeniable prosperity of tliis 
body must have been extremely galHng to Maxwell. It met him on the 
threshold of his ministry. Moreover, he had come to that time of life — 
he was over forty to a certainty, perhaps nearly sixty — when, with tlie 
buoyancy of youth departed, discouragement counts for much. In the 
Old Statistical Account he naively remarks that while the baptisms per- 
formed by, or under the auspices of the Parish Minister, numbered eighty- 
six in 1781, they had fallen to twenty-seven in 1700. Another index of 
the [leculiar difficulties he had to encounter is lound in this — that during 
his ministry no new elders accepted ofHce ; there was indeed no admission 
of elders between 1773 and 1807, a period of thirtv-four years. It would. 
however, be doing a grave injustice to Maxwell's memory to think dis- 
respectfully of him ; many a good man has failed to please the people, 
often because he has had a higher standard than popular applause. 
Maxwell's contribution to Sir John Sinclair's Statistical Account com- 
pares favourably with the best. His remarks on the origin of mosses, 
introduced in connection with Lin wood Moss, has become almost a classic, 
being quoted without criticism by Dr. Robert Munro in his recent work 
on Pn'hiatoric Scotland. In his time the ecclesiastical fabrics were kept 
in good repair, and he had a Session House and a gate for the churchyard 
erected. 

Ill 1802 Mr. Maxwell, having secured the help of the Rev. Robert 
Douglas as assistant and successor, retired to Edinburgh, where he died 
19th December, 1806. The blank mural tablet beside Johnstone's on the 
wall of the church was probably intended to bear his name. He was 
married (1) to Elizabeth Cochrane '27th Jan., 1789 who died 22n(l October, 
1803; and (2) to Chailotte Sprengell 24th December, 1804, who survived 
him and died at Portobello 22nd November, 1832. 



Bimjhcr Church at Burntshiels. 

The formation of the Secession Congregation and the erection of a 
church and manse at Burntshiels are understood to have been due to 
various unpopular settlements of parish ministers throughout the district, 



KILBARUHAX DURING THE EIGHTEEXTH CENTURY. 14i7 

such as Mr. John Fleming's .settlement at Kilniacohn in 1737, and Mr. 
John Warner's at Kilbarclian in 1739. In 1738 there ^vere reHglons 
meetings at Killochvles in Kilni.icolni — in the open air when tlie weather 
wa.s fine, in a barn when shelter was imperative. The Kilharchan seceders 
met at Burntshiels, and were joined there by their brethren from Kilma- 
colm asearly as 1740. This was one of the earhest communities of the kind, 
standing in order of priority of formation sixteenth on the list. There 
was no settled Minister until 1744. when Mr. John M'Cara was ordained 
in the open air [llth September]. In the cour.se of the next year both a 
church and a manse were provided. The church, which was called " The 
Bigg Sclate House " or " The New Kirk at Burntshiels," is said to have 
been seated for six hundred. "" The rafters were dragged up from the 
shore at the horses' tails, and the walls were built by the people them- 
selves."' At Mr. M'Cara's first communion no fewer than 33G persons 
collected from seventeen parishes, sat at the tables — 



From Pidsley, 


... 47 


Fi 


•om Kilbarchan, ... 


78 


,, Houston, 


... 20 




„ the Shore, 


... f>2 


,, Kilmacolm, ... 


... .32 




„ IJeitb, 


... 3 


,, Lochwirinoch, 


... .51 




„ other Parishes, 


... IG 


Kilbirnie, 


7 









In 1747 the Secession congregation split on the question of the Burgess 
Oath, when Mr. M'Cara and eight of the Elders cast in their lot with the 
Burghers, wdiile five Elders joined the Anti-Burghers. The Anti-Burgher 
Synod sent Mr. Thomson of Mearns to excommunicate the congregation 
and minister of Burntshiels Church, but this gentleman being somewhat 
doubtful of the welcome he miglit receive, contented himst-If with crossing 
the Cart opposite Lincleive Farm, four miles away, and there reading the 
nece.ssary edict. 

Mr. M'Cara rivalled Mr. Warner in his devotion to agricultural pursuits, 
though in his case tliere may have been more practice and le.ss theory. "He 
mounted the root of the house and mended the thatch ; he repaired the 
fences of ids little farm ; he quairied stones when he needed them; and 
he coidd be seen between the stilts of the plough drawing a straight 
furrow." His congregation, thiid^ing the minister was neglecting their 
interests for his own, locked tlie door of the church, and for nearly a year 
Mr. M'Cara had to preach outside. The matter was appealed to the 

•Rev. James Inglis' Account of IVest U.P. Church, Johnstone; cf. iMatthew Gemmiirs 

Lodiwinnocli. 



1.50 KILBAECHAN. 

Synod, and that august body resolved to admonish the minister. Rather 
than submit to admonition, he resigned his charge [1767]. 

After a vacancy of several years, the Rev. John Lindsay was 
settled in 1773. There are very scanty records of his ministry. A free 
fight, following on a doctrinal controversy, occurred in 1790, and the 
Kirk Session minute book was torn in the fray. At a congregational 
meeting in 1791 it was resolved that the congregation should divide 
itself into three sections, one with the minister to meet afterwards in 
Johnstone, another to remain at Burntshiels, and the third to form a 
congregation at Lochwinnoch. At Burntshiels the Rev. David Stewart 
Wylie was ordained 19th March, 1793. He did not remain longer than 
three years, and was succeeded by the Rev. Alexander Brown in 1797. 



Kilbarchan Belief C/nirch. 

During the legal proceedings which preceded the settlement of Max- 
well, some of the parishioners of Kilbarchan, with the help of a suggestion 
thrown out by Mr. Hutchison, a Relief minister in Paisley, conceived the 
idea of obtaining for themselves a church, the minister of wliich they 
would be able to choose without the assistance of a patron, and the pews 
of which they might occupy on other terms than those which obtained in 
the Parish Church. A meeting to discuss the subject in all its bearings 
was held in the Star Inn or Town Hall, now No. 3 Shuttle Street.^ Some 
favoured the erection of a chapel of ease in connection with the Church of 
Scotland, others a church under the auspices of the Synod of Relief. 
Committees N^ere appointed to make inquiries and to draw up reports, 
and it was finally resolved that the church to be erected should be a 
Relief Church. Application was therefore made through Mr. Hutchison 
to the Relief Presbytery of Edinburgh for recognition and support for the 
Kilbarchan congregation, and a Mr. Bell was appointed to preach at Kil- 
barchan on the last Sunday in May and a jNIr. Kirkwood on the third 
Sunday in June, 178G. A tent or open air pulpit was prepared by William 
Caldwell, the wright, and erected on the Knowe, and chairs and forms, 
stools and boards, were placed around it for the accommodation of hearers. 
Mr. Bell preached from the tent on the appointed Sunday to a congrega- 
tion numbering a thousand and baptised a child of one of the promoters. 
When winter approached the congregation adjourned to a barn at Town- 

' Rev. George Alison's Jccotint of the U.P. Congregation of Kilbarclian. 



KILBAECHAN DURING THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY. 151 

foot belongino- to John Barbour, jun., one of the elders of the Parish 
Cliurch. 

In the summer of 178G arrangements were made for collecthio- 
iiiouey to build a church on a site which belonged to one James Brown. 
The days of bazaars and of grants-in-aid were not yet, and the money had 
to be raised by subscription. No fewer than 125 persons contributed a 
pound or upwards. The largest subscri ption was one of £ 1 5. In all, a sum 
of £230 was collected. The foundation stone was laid on 28th March, 1787, 
and though the church was occupied during the winters 1787-8, 1788-9, 
it was not really finished until well on in the year 1789. Walter Cald- 
well, mason, erected the walls for £124, having, however, had all the 
materials provided for him. The slates cost £35 delivered at Paisley, 
whence they were carted by members of the congregation or farmers who 
sympathised with the effort. The church is said to have been seated for 
1200. 

The first minister — Mr. John Maclaren — was ordained in the open 
air on Tuesday, 13th May, 1788. " His prudence, tact, and popular gifts, 
secured speedy and complete success to the young congregation." His 
stipend at first was £90, but at the end of his ministry £140. Having 
no manse, he built for himself the house now known as Meadside. He 
died on 2Gth March, 1808, in the forty-fifth year of his age and the twen- 
tieth of his ministry and is buried by the wall to the right of the entrance 
gate, where a mural tablet bears witness to the esteem in which he was 
held. 

The Parish Church and Manse. 

Of the Kilbarchan public buildings erected during the eighteenth 
century, several are still standing. Through being repeatedly re- 
paired and renovated, they are still fit for use, though by these 
changes they have been deprived of the quaintness which other- 
wise would iiave made them interesting. Old-world glimpses are to be 
found in the documents which record their erection. 

When Johnstone came to Kilbarchan, both church and manse 
were, in the language of ecclesiastical law, ruinmis ; and the Pres- 
bytery had to extort a promise from the heritors to repair them 
by threatening not to ordain the Minister until they were re- 
paired. The roof of the manse had to be renewed, and the 
offices rebuilt. Of the church roof the only good portions were 



15-2 KILBARCHAN. 

those over tlie Johnstone aisle and " the aisle which Craigends had anew 
builded"; the windows were bad, and the pulpit so shattered and its 
boards so loose that it was ready to fall down. Wlien the Presbytery 
visited Kilbarchan in October, 1702, all the promised repairs had been 
executed with the exception of the rickety pulpit, and it was remitted to 
the L'lird of Johnstone to superintend its repair, " he being allowed to 
collect [from transgressors] the mulcts inflicted by law .... 
and use the proceeds for this purpose." With an ingenuity which would 
have reflected the greatest credit on the heritors if it did not also reveal 
their parsimony, "the brew-house at the manse was so contrived that it 
should do for a brew-house and a kitchen both." 

In spite of these repairs, the Kirk of Kilbarchan was reported twenty 
years later (June 20, 1722) to be in a maimer ruinous, and according to 
the Minister there was nothing for It but to have it rebuilt. The heritors 
at first thought of repairing it again at a cost of £707 Scots — £59 Stg. ; 
" but finding upon second thoughts that it will be but clatclit work and 
the Kii'k within should still lemain in a confused heap and that the 
parishioners could not be iiccommodated with convenient seats, they [the 
heritors] agree to rebuild it." 

The sole contractor was James Baird, mason, Govan, who undertook 
to take down the old church to the foundation, except Craigends' aisle, 
which ;ippears to have been quite recently built, and to erect n. new 
church sixty feet long, twenty-two feet wide (measurements within walls), 
fourteen feet high, with walls two and a-lialf feet thick. When finished, 
the church was actually six feet more in length. The specification con- 
tinues thus : — 

There shall be a door in the niiildie of the gavils laigh on the gioiind, each 5^ foot in 
wideness and 6^ foot in height, and another door in the soiuli side wall near the pidpit, 
2J foot in wideness and 6 foot iti height [the Beltrees door] ; the said doors are to he 
made up of sufficient heal! deall hnng with crucks and bands, and having bars, locks, keys, 
or other necessary appertinents ; and there shall be two windows in the south side wall 
and one window in each of the said gavils, which four windows shall each of them be 4 foot 
in breadth and 7 foot in height of light, and a handsome fashionable arched top with a 
stone pillar through the middle forked at the top : and likewise there shall be 2 little 
square windows in each gavil 3 foot high and 2 foot in wideness or thereby, each of the 
which windows shall be filled with glass ; and further, there shall be a loft iii each end of 
the said kirk 9 foot high or therebj' above ground and It foot in length and extending 
from the one side wall to the other in breadth, supported with a sufficient number of good 
and sufficient joists with a competent number of timber pillars and under props to support 
the joists ; and the said lofts shall be floor'd with sufficient deals, and each of the said lofts 
shall have two sufficient stone stairs within the kirk 3 foot in breadth ; and the said kirk 



KILBAIiCHAX DURING THF: EIGIITEliNTH CENTUE\\ 153 

shall have a good and sufficient roof, the cupples whereof shall be at least of the thickness 
of 6 inches one way and i inches another, and shall be set at 2 foot distance, each of which 
cupples shall have two balks, being all of good and sufficient wood ; and the whole sarked, 
sclated, ridged and pointed sufficiently with a bell steeple upon the west end (sic) gavil in 
fashion like that at Port-Glasgow ; and the side walls shall have a sufficient tabling all 
along the top thereof. John Baird also obliges himself, to make a little to-fall with a 
sclate roof and convenient entry thereto by a sufficient hung door which to-fall is to be 
situate upon the south side wall at the end of the old isle [sic) for an accommodation of a 

burial place to the Laird of Johnstoun ; and likewise to make and set up 

ane sufficient new pulpit with a cover and other necessary appertinents, together with a 
new bench 4 feet high and G foot in wideness and 8 foot in length floored with deall 
Jiaird ivas not to supplif breasts to lofts, tirlies to windows, desks and 
forms. 

The pi-ice conti'acted for was 2000 merks Scots, £112 Stg. ; for the 
extra G feet of buildiiio- and the ivj/riui/ of the windows £9 in addition 
was allowed, making in all, including .£'5 for writers' fees, £12(5 Stg. The 
contractor was allowed all the materials of the old cluii-ch excepting 
"breasts of lofts, desks, seats, ;ind furnis. together with C'raigends' isle 
and the furniture thereof The parishioners undertook to do all the 
carting without any charge, taking the timber, slates, iron, lead and 
glass from Greenock or Glasgow, the stone from Ful wood's or Graigends' 
Quarry, and the lime from Quarrelton or Gorsford. Tn the event of 
Baird's workmen (masons or wrights) being compelled to be idle through 
delay on the part of the parishioners in bringing the material on the 
ground, the heritors were to pay " 12s. Scots to each workman for ilk 
day they are set idle." Baird signed the agreement in Aj>ril, 1724, and 
forthwith set to work, promising to have the chm-ch ready by the 
beginning of October. It was, however, the 10th November on which 
the heritors met to allocate the sittings. 

The heritors were divided into two classes, each class entering into a 
separate agreement. The principal heritors were, — Guninghame of Graig- 
ends, the Earl of Dnndonald for lianfurlj, George Houstoim of Jnhn- 
stoiui, John Na[)ier of Blackstone, John Lord Sempill, Patrick Giawford 
of Anchinames, John Walkinshaw of that ilk f)r Selvielaiid, Itoljert 
Sempill ( r Beltrees for Easwald or Third-part, John Snndgrass of Law, 
Thomas Kennedy of Pinnal, Bailie James (jlassford of Glochodrick, 
Alexander Porterfield of Fulwood for Barrlands, Mr. James Hamilton for 
Boghouse. Their assessment at the rate of twenty-five nierks for every 
£100 Scots amounted to i'lOOO Scots. The second class or smaller 
heritors were, — The ]\Iinister for the Poors' Boydsvard, William Allason of 



154 KILBAECHAN. 

Brandscroft, John Orr and Matthew Henderson, portioners of Watter- 
stoun ; Mr. Alexander Speir of Wardhouse, James Young of Weetlands, 
Hugh Cochran of Chppings, John Barbour of Forehouse, Alexander Speir 
of Buttineadow and part of Windyhill, James Wilson of Betwixt-the- 
Hills, James Craig of Monkland, John How of Damtoun and part of Law, 
Andrew Clark for Greenside, John Hair of Borlands, William and Andrew 
Bydin, heritors in town ; Jean Brown, portioner of Windyliill. Their 
assessment at the same rate, twenty-five merks per £100 Scots of valua- 
tion, yielded five hundred merks Scots. Each of these smaller heritors 
got in the allocation of sittings "room for a desk measuring with its 
entry seven feet in length." Then the principal heritors took the whole of 
the rest of the church and divided it amongst them, giving, however, the ' 
minister a pew and setting apart a place for the Communion tables, 
at which on other than Communion Sundays strangers and the com- 
mon people were allowed to sit. On tlie lintel of the east door may be 
read the legend : — 

Reaedificatum fuit hoc templum sub cura M Qui huic 

OPERI magnum AUXILIUJI DEDIT ET UALDE Pt I PEOMOUIT 
ANNO 1724. 

i.e., "this church was rebuilt during the incumbency of Mr. Pi(obert) 
J(ohnstoun) who gave great assistance to the undertaking and vigorously 
promoted it in the year 1724." 

In 1730 the manse, 14 Steeple Street, was rebuilt, and over the 
doorway there is a similar inscription : — 

Reaedificatum fuit haec M 
domus sub cura r i 
Qui huic operi magnu" 
auxilium dedlt ualde 

PliOMOUIT ANNO 

1730. 

During IVIr. Warner's ministry very little was spent on the church — 
10s. for repair of the roof in 1743 and, nearly forty years after, £78 Stg. 
for repairing the churcli and the gates. That clerical agriculturist, how- 
ever, got his stable, barn and byre repaired in 1743 at a cost of £16, when 
he insisted that the byre should have a window, but whether it was that 
he recognised the sanitary value of sunlight or merely for the convenience 
of his dairy-maid it is difficult to say. In 1751 the old manse, 14 



KILBARCHAX DURING THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY. 155 

Steeple Street, was exchanged for the flinnhouse of Over-Johiistone, at 
the same time as the glebe was excambed. Not until twelve years after, 
however, did tlie Presbytery visit Kilbarchan to approve of the inanse 
and offices provided on the new site. A year after Maxwell's induction, 
the manse and offices were repaired at a cost of £135, and, in 1791, £(36 
was spent on the church and the churchyard wall. In the following 
year the session-house and the churcliyard gate were erected at a cost of 
£53 10s. 

School!^ iihd ScJioohriastc}-s. 

The notices of educational atiliirs which have been [ireserved are 
meagre, but interesting. In 1(')49 one Joseph Tenent was schoolmaster 
at Kilbarchan. It was he who read the edict preliminary to John 
Stirling's ordination on 6th December "at the skailing of the congrega- 
tion." Perhaps Tenent, like StirHng, refused to conform to the new order 
of things, or perhaps he died in the interval, at anyrate in 1664 the Pres- 
bytery (Episcopal) " ordaiues the minister (David Pierson) to make inti- 
mation the next Sabbath that the heritors and elders of the paroch meet 
for the providing a hundreth pound of maintainance for a sufficiently 
qualified schoolmaster to ye place, and that they stent ymselves for the 
.same, which if they refuse to doe the minister is ordained to raise letters 
of horning ag* the paroch for this end." 

In 1682 (June 4th) it was reported that James Cowie, schoolmaster in 
Kilbarchan, was one of those who had not tested, and in the following year 
lie was one of seven disorderly schoolmasters whose names were i-eported to 
Bailie Paterson. Sheriff-Depute of Ptenfrew, to be dealt with for not tak- 
ing the Test. In a return prepared by Patrick Simpson "on the state of 
schools in the Presbytery of Paisley" (2 Ist October, 1696) Kilbarchan was 
in the very worst plight ; it had "no school master, no cellarie," and it 
had no school for fifty years afterwards. No other parish in the Presby- 
tery was in so bad a case. James Stirling, his heritors and elders said, 
was heard sometimes to " complaine that yr. was .... not a settled 
encouragnit. for a schoolm"'." 

So far from encouraging a schoolmaster, some Kilbarchan peojile 
grudged him his extremely modest fee — a merk(i.(^, l.s. l4jd. Stg.)per quarter 
per scholar — for in 1703 Mr. William Reid, schoolmaster of Kilbarchan, 
liad to summon John Love, flesher, for payment of 8 merks Scots as two 
years' fees due for the education of his slaughter Janet. Happily the 



156 KILBARCHAX. 

sclioolmaster got decree in liis favour from the Sherilf find Bailie Depute, 
Itobert Senipill. 

During 1741-7 school was kept at Weitlands, or at least in some room 
or outhouse belonging- to James Young, for the use of which the Kirk 
Session, not the heritors, paid a rent of £7 Scots (lis. 8d. Stg.) per 
annum. In 1748 James Alexander charged 4.s. as rent for a quarter, and 
next year John Danoch was paid a similar sum for half a year's rent. In 
1751 Warner complained to the Presbytery that " the keeping of school 
in spite of the best the Session can do is subject to interrn2:)tions" — aris- 
ing probably from the difficulty of finding a suitable schoolhouse. The 
heritors, when approached by tiie Presbytery, agreed to build a school 30 
feet by 20 feet outside measurement at a cost of £34 Stg., and the 
parishioners undertook to do the necessary carting. James Milliken gave 
a free site and induced the other heritors to extend their building scheme 
so as to provide a meal market with a room above and a steeple. In his 
disposition he makes the minister and Kirk Session the trustees of tlie.se 
subjects, reserving for himself, his heirs and successors " the room above 
the meal market with free Ish and entry to and from the same." The 
builder is believed to have been David Kerr, mason, Kilbarchan. 

One expense led to another. The salary of the schoolmaster, Michael 
Garner, had hitherto been 100 merks Scots, £6 Stg., paid by the heritors, 
with of course school fees. For the education of poor scholars the Kirk 
Session paid. In 1769 the schoolmaster got 18s. lO^d. under this head. 
Michael Garner was getting old, though he was still alive in 1774, and 
perhaps his qualifications were understood to be scarcely in keeping with 
the brand new school at the east end of the town; at anyrate the minister 
aspired to secure the services of one " well qualified to give instruction in 
all the various parts of learning," and he tried to get the heritors to offer a 
new schoolmaster a salary of £12 Sterling. The heritors sua movi'. 
demurred. The Minister appealed to the Presbyterv, the Gommissioners 
of Supply, the Sherift' Depute, and in the end gained his point. This was 
in 1762. 

Before 1764 William Simson was appointed. He did not hold office 
long — perhaps he was not found qualified to teach the various branches of 
learning. The appointment of tiie schoolmaster of Neilston was objected to 
in 1776, because though he could teach English, Writing and Arithmetic, 
he did not know Latin. In Novensber, 1764, a meeting of heritors was 
called from the pulpits of both the Parish and the Secession Churches to 
consider whether Simson was to be continued as schoolmaster or not. He 



KILDARCHAX DUKIXG THE EIGHTEENTH CEXTUKV. 157 

was dismissed or rather deposed, and the vacancy was adv-ertised in the 
Glasgow Journal [Februaiy 22, 1765] for which the Kirk Session had to 
pay 22s. 

Before 1770 Robert Fergusux had become schoohnaster and session 
clerk. Kilbarchan, however, had not yet learned to give all the 
encouragement a schoolmaster seemed to require ; in 177G John Findlay 
was appointed to keep the baptism and pr()clamati')n books instead of 
Ferguson, and in 1778 the session is found discussing the interesting 
question " Whether or not tliey have a right to open the school doors" — 
an apple of discord which apparently Ferguson had supplied. 

In 1779 Mr. William Maxson is schoolmaster and session clerk. 

In spite of little sums, from tiuie to time taken from the Kirk Session's 
funds, spent on the schoolhouse, it was reported in 1780 to be in disrepair, 
to such an extent indeed that the floor in wet weather was mostly covered 
with water ; owing to the increase of inhabitants in the pari.sli it was also 
said to be too small to accommodate their children. The heritors produced 
two plans — one to repair the school, the other to rebuild the greater part 
of it. Tlie Presbytery, however, would have nothing to do even with 
the more extensive scheme ; and in 1782 the schoolhouse had to be taken 
down by order of the Presbytery, and rebuilt on a much extended scale — 
foity feet long, eighteen feet broad — at a cost of £118. 

The Secession congregation at Burntshiels seem to have had a school 
of their own : — 

Two poor scholars have their school wages paid, amounting to Is. Gd. a quarter each. 
. . . I suspect Mr. Hallam the teacher was rather poorly paid. He had a free school- 
house, £3 of salary annually and the fees. One of his successors was a shoemaker named 
Porterfield. He made and mended shoes while teaching.^ 

Long alter the church had disappeared, a school was still kept at Burnt- 
shiels at which several people not yet old received their education. 



Procision for the Poor. 

Had John Knox had his way, the wealth of the Church over- 
thrown at the Reformation, besides providing ample endowments for the 
new Church and for secular education, would have been available also for 
the support of the poor. The Reformer's beneficeut intentions were, how- 

1 Rev. J^iiiies Inglis' Accoitnt of iPed U.P. Chun-h, Johndone. 



158 KILBARCHAN. 

ever, frustrated — the clergy got a mere pittance, education was left 
almost destitute, and the poor had for their support only that of which 
they could not be deprived, the proceeds of charity. In 1579 the 
Scottish Parliament passed an Act authorising assessments to be made 
for poor relief, but no such assessment was made in Kilbarchan 
until 1785; for over two hundred years those who could not provide 
themselves with food, clothing and shelter, had to look to the Kirk Session 
for systematic help, though doubtless they nlso begged from private 
people eloquently and successfully. 

Owing to the disappearance of the earlier records of Kilbarchan Kiik 
Session and of the Kirk Treasurer's book after 1769, we can follow the 
Session's proceedings in regard to this important duty during only a 
short period [1742-1769]. 

William Cuninghame of Craigends and Mr. Andro Hamil- 
ton, Minister of Kilbarchan, were present at a meeting of about 
twenty gentlemen in Paisley [3rd July, 1623], at which it was resolved, 
" that the needy poor of each parish should have a badge or taikin so 
that they should be known — that uncouth beggars be driven away and 
anyone relieving them be fined."' From this it would appear that in 
the early part of the seventeenth century the Kirk Session's duties 
relative to the poor were to distinguish between the deserving and the 
undeserving poor, to supply the former class with a token or leaden disc'" 
which was simply a license to gain a livelihood by begging, and to dis- 
courage the waste of charity on those who were unworthy. The way of 
Cuninghame, the Diarist, was much beset with beggars ; they came to his 
owni gate, they met him on the road and at the church door, especially 
when he went to Paisley ; some had a testimonial, presumably from the 
Session or Presbytery, certifying that they were deserving; some had 
sores or defects which wei-e a passport in themselves to his kindly heart. 
If we were to consider the Poll Tax Rolls as a complete census, we might 
argue that Kilbarchan had few very poor, though according to Fletcher 
of Saltoun's statement three years later, 1698, one-fifth of the whole 
population of Scotland were beggars. Of course beggars were not expected 
to })ay the PoU-Tax, and hence perhaps the omission of their names. In 
the middle of the eighteenth century, the care of the poor was by far the 



' Reg. of Privy Cuuncil. 

-These badges were still in use at Campbeltown at the beginning of the nint-teenth century. 
Vide Life of Dr. Norman Macltod, Senior. 



KILBARCHAN DURING THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY. 



mast important of the Kirk Session's practical duties, and tiieir great 
concern was to get enougli money to do their duty l)y their poor. The 
following is an abstract of their accounts for the first and last years of the 
jDeriod of which the extant records give us information : — 



Year ending 31st December, 1742. 



Year ending 20th October, 1709. 



Ekvenue. 








Revexue. 




47 Church door collections, 


.. £10 


7 


5 


50 Church door collections, ... £27 


9 5 


Use of the mortcloth, ... 


2 








Use of the mortcloth, ... ... T) 


4 


Interest on 300 merks, ... 


1 


10 





Grass of Churchyard, ... ... 


5 


Grass of Churchyard, ... 





3 


4 


Booking money, 2 


6 


Timber sold oft' Boyd's yard, 


.. 


10 





Pew rents in Church and arrears 




Part payment of rent of Boy 


Is 






for one pew, ... ... 1 


IG 9 


yard (Boggard), 


1 


10 





Swarm of bees found in church- 






£16 





9 


yard and sold, 

£40 


9 6 
10 8 


EXPEXDITURK. 








EXPEXUITIIRE. 




1G9 separate payments amoiiL, 


St 






171 separate payments amongst 




60 poor persons. 


.. £U 


12 


4 

5 


45 poor persons, £40 


15 7| 


Credit balance, ... 


.. £1 


8 


Debit balance, £0 


4 10| 



Until '21st July, 1758, the Kirk Session accounts were kept in Scots 
money, but for convenience of comparison the above statement for 1742 is 
given in sterling money. It is also to be noticed that in the courseof twenty- 
seven years the purchasing power of money has become less by about 30 
per cent. : — In 1742, 15.s. was paid for the board of a child for a year, 
in 1769, £[ ; in 1742 the price of a coffin for an adult was 4s., in 17G9, 5s ; 
in 1742 the grass of the church yard was let for 3s. 4d, in 17G'J for 5s. ; 
the person by whom the Session dealt most liberally in 1742 received 

in all 15s., paid in ten instalments varying from Is. to 2s., J 

W in 17Gi) got over £4, paid in six instalments; his eirciun- 

stances, howevei-, must have been very exceptional, as the next highest 
i-eceived only £2 14s. 

Some of the entries under the head of expenditure are interesting as 
showing the almost fatherly care bestowed by the Kirk Session on the 
poor. As has been already indicated, the children of the poor were edu- 
cated at the Kirk Session's expense — a sum varying from 10s. to £1 was 
year after year given to Michael Garner or Robert Ferguson for this pur- 
pose — and certainly no better investment could have been made. The 



09 


6 


1 00 





1 00 





1 04 





08 





08 






160 KILBARCHAN. 

pool- were also kept supplied with books, at least with copies of the 
Scriptures : — 

4th May, 1744.— To Alex' Stuart, for a psam book, ... ... £0 06 So. 

16th Dec, 174s.— To Rob. Speir for a testament, 

13th Ap., 1750. — John M'Knab for a bible to hi.s son, 

13th Ap., 1750. — Marg' Thomson, for a bible to her son, .. 

25th Jan., 1751. — To a bible for a son of Agnes Lyle's, ... 

1 7th May, 1 759.— To a New Testament, 

17th May, 1759. — To Marg' Houstoun's Dau' ane New Testament, 

While medical treatment :it times was provided In the ordinary 
course, e.g. : — 

26th July, 1754. — To account for medicine for ye poor, ... ... £6 06 00 So. 

r2th Dec, 1755. — To 2 quarters wages to Mary Wallace for W'" 
Cochran, also a surgeon's acco' and shoes and 
hose, and that from May day, 1755, to Hallow 
day, 1755, ... ... ... .... 16 16 00 „ 

the presence In the county of an eminent oculist was, at least on one 
occasion, taken advantage of, on behalf of a poor Killxuchan man, — 

29th Feb., 1760. — The Session being advised to make some trial for the recovery of 
J . . . W 's sight advanc'd 2 guineas Stg. that he might make use of the oppor- 
tunity of Chevalier Taylor's being in the county. 

Ill did this man repay the Church for Its generosity towards him. Thirteen 
years afterwards he was found guilty of going about the county debauch- 
ing maid servants. He was then blind, which proves that the Chevalier's 
treatment was not successful in bis case. There are also entries which 
point to others being assisted to get the benefit of extra skill : — 

31st Aug., 1744. — For couching John Thomson's wife's eyes, ...£12 00 Sc. 

7th Feb., 1766. — Janet Inglis for paying physicians, ... ... 1 Stg. 

16th June, 1769. — To Mary Stewart for defraying the expense of 

cutting off her husband's leg, ... ... 10 Stg. 

Strangers were sometimes assisted by the Kirk Session, but not very 
liberally :— 

1st June, 1744. — .\ crown (i.e., 5d. Stg.), to a woman going to the 
wells. 

9ih May, 1746.— A stranger, ... ... ... ... 12 Sc. 

5th June, 1752.— To a stranger, ... ... ... ... 12 Sc. 

19th May, 1758.— To a sick stranger, ... ... ... ... 1 4 Stg. 

]3ih Oct., 1761. — To sailors passing wounded, ... ... ... 2 6 Stg. 



KILBARCHAN DURING THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY. IGl 

Though in the eighteenth century there were no collections for the 
General Assembly's Scliemes and Committees as now, the Church of 
Scotland was very much alive to its responsibilities towards its sons and 
daughters in distress, and also to its duty of aiding Protestant brethren and 
comnnuiities in straits both at home and abroad. General collections were 
made also Cur the purpose of can-ying out useful and important public 
undertakings such as the building of bridges and the making of harbours 
in various parts of the country. When Alexander Cochrane in Kilbar- 
chan suffered considerable loss by fire, a collection was made for him in 
all the churches of the Presbytery [Oct. 21, 1707]; and James 
M'Kennnie and Hugh Clark of Kilbarchan were furnished with testi- 
monials from the Presbytery recommending them to the Kirk Sessions 
and to charitably disposed persons generally, as deserving of charity [1st 
June, 1709: 28th April, 173G]. Collections were made in the churches 
to redeem Mathew Rodger and Dowal from slavery in Algiers, Ixit before 
the money could be sent the poor fellows were reported to be dearl, and 
so the collection was in the one case divided between the Christian com- 
munities of Norriston and Hilderburghhau,sen, and in the other was 
given to Mr. Robison, Minister of Clyn, who must have been in straits 
though not in slavery. In 1733 there was a collection for those who had 
suffered from a great fire in Paisley, and in 1748 Kilbai'chan contributed 
" .£56 10s. Scots for Hamilton's calamity of fire." 

For the Promotion of Christian Knowledge, Kilbarchan gave in 1709 
£21 Scots, and again in 171 1 tlie same amount : and " for the Highlands " 
in 1762, £4 10s. Stg., and for a Highland student in 1757, £36 Scots. 
The contribution of Kilbarchan for the Bridge at Lochwinnocb in 1748 
was £6 06 00 Sc, and in 1733 for Thirdpart Bridge £2 08 00 Sc. The 
Surgeons' Hospital in Edinburgh was collected for in 1737 ; tliere were 
also subscriptions for a new erection at Liviston (Livingstone), to rebuild 
the meeting-house at Miserich in the Duchy of Juliers wliich had been 
burnt ; for Protestant communities in Lithuania, at Belfast, Carrick- 
fergus, and New York ; for bridges at Ancrum and Dalrymple, and for 
the harbour of Arbroath. When the General Assembly's letter enjoining 
a collection for the last-mentioned jJm-pose was read in the Presbytery, 
one of the brethren meekly remarked that of late " there had been a 
throng of collections." 

Even more interesting than the various objects on which the Session 
spent money, are the several sources from which revenue was obtained and 
the methods of finance which were employed. 



1G2 KILBAKCHAN. 

1. The Church Plate yielded naturally the steadiest and surest 
stream of revenue. The average collection in 1742 was 4s. 5d. Stg., and 
in 1769, lis. The hest collections were those taken during the com- 
munion seasons. On Communion Sunday, June 1743, £i lis. Stg. was 
collected, and the collections on the Fast day, the Saturday and the Mon- 
day, amounted to £2 lis. Stg., i.e., in all for the Communion of 1743, 
£7 2s. The total in 1769 on similar occasions was £9 5s. 

The Kilbarchan people were no better than their neighbours in the 
matter of putting bad money into the church plate, hence the following 
entries : — 

10th June, 1743. — For 2 pounds and | pound of bad brass, ... £02 18 Se. 

24th May, 1745.— For 3 pounds weight of bad brass, ... ... 00 19 6 „ 

20th Jan., 1749. — James Young gave in account of bad money con- 
verted into the box, ... ... ... 03 16 ,, 

2. In the Eighteenth Century the Kirk Session did a considerable 
banking business, not alvpays profitably however. The capital with which 
they traded was not so much accumulations of income over expenditure, 
but rather legacies left them for the benefit of the poor. In James 
Stirling's time they had given in lo;in to the Laird of Johnstoun 1000 
merks of the poors' money on the security of the lands of Ci-aigrooden. 
Tiie tenant, William Hair, declined to pay his rent to the Kirk Session 
on the ground that he had no assurance but that he might have to pay it 
a second time to the laird himself or to some other mortgagee. The 
minister, Robert Johnstoun, took the matter in hand and conducted the 
negotiations to a favourable issue [21st Oct., 1702, and foil.]. In 1742 
the Kirk Session were deriving revenue from a sum of 300 merks lent out, 
and from a little holding, Boydsyard, part of which they owned. Legacies 
came dropping in from time to time, e.g., — 

Major James Milliken, who died in 1741, bequeathed £10 Stg. to the 
Kirk Session, which the minister borrowed and paid up in instalments 
from time to time, the principal with the interest at five per cent., also 

1st Mar., 1751. — Umphray Barbour's legacy, ... ... ... 50 merks Sc. 

21st Ap., 1758. — Lady Craigends' Legacy, ... ... ... £33 06 8 „ 

21st July, 1758. — William Semple in Middletoun for the benefit of 

the poor, ... ... ... ... 20 00 „ 

13th Jan., 1764. — Given to the bo.x of a legacy left by William 

Stinson for the poor, ... ... ... 2 15 7 Stg. 

4th Ap., 1771.— William Stewart, Merchant, Paisley, ... ... 20 „ 

5th Feb., 1772.— John Aird, Taylor in Kilb", ... ... ... 6 „ 



KILBAECHAN DURING THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY. Ifi3 

The history of the Kirk Session's ownership and administration of 
Boydayard, "The Boggard," is interesting. It was a small farm beside 
the Kilbarchan Burn after it crosses the road near Easwald Bank. In 
1690 it is described as a ten shilling land of old extent. Half of it was 
then owned by two sisters, Elizabeth and Jean Dunlop, and half was held 
in trust for the poor of the parish by the Kirk Session. The superior was 
Craigends, to whom each of the vassals paid 4s. 7d. as feu-duty. In 1748 
the Kirk Session paid 9s. 2d. under this head, but probably this is a pay- 
ment for two years. From 1741 onwards one John Marshall was tenant 
of the poors' Boydsyard — a man who was habitually in arrears with his 
rent. The rent vained from £3 to £3 10s. Stg., from which we may con- 
jecture that the extent of the Kirk Session's part was from ten to fifteen 
acres. In 1742-3 Mai'shall rebuilt or i-epaired Boydsyard House and was 
allowed about £2 Stg. towards the expense. In 1750 John Speir, writer, 
Kilbarchan, factor for James Milliken, proposed to the Kirk Session to 
exchange the southmost mailing of the Tandlehills for Boydsyard, as 
Milliken, having pui'chased the lands of Barr in addition to Johnstone, 
wished to enclose his possessions and Boydsyard lay like a gusset between 
his two properties. It was found impossible, however, to make a bargain 
on the basis of an excambion and Milliken offered to purchase for £120. 
This offer was accepted, and John Barbour, merchant, Kilbarchan, Kirk 
Treasurer, and James Young of Weitlands were appointed on behalf of the 
Session to transact and finish the bargain and were authorised "to lift the 
money or take bond fur it in name of the Kiik Session and for behoof of 
the poor." Milliken gave a bond and he and his trustees continued pay- 
ing intei'est at five per cent, though he is often as long as four years in 
arrears, until the end of 1783 when the session agreed "to uplift £60 
Stg. of the bond .... as they found this measure absolutely 
necessary for the support of tlieir poor, the number of whom have greatly 
increased of late." Accordingly on the 3rd December, John Erskine and 
John Birkmyre lifted from Mr. Snodgrass, factor for the Tru.'^tees of 
Milliken, £60 Stg. of the principal of Milliken's bond with £6 of interest 
due at Martinmas, 1783. 

The Kirk Session, how^ever, got further into difiiculties and were 
obliged to hand over their responsibility of providing for the poor to, what 
may be called the first Parochial Board [1st July, 1785]. The remaining 
part of the price of Boydsyard was paid in March, 1790, and was lent to 
Pvobert Rodger, who from time to time made repayments, not to the 



164 KILBARCHAX. 

Kirk Session, liowevei-, but to the Parochial Board [7th Nov., 1794, 6th 
Nov., 1795]. 

3. A third source of revenue was the charye levied for the use of the 
mortcloths. In 1742 they were surely not of velvet, else we should 
scarcely have the following enti'y : — 

27th Oct., 1742. — For washing of the mortcloaths, ... ... £1 04 Sc. 

Though these appurtenances yielded income, yet their upkeep led to con- 
siderable expense : — 

27th Oct., 17r)2. — To John Boyd for mending the big one and mak- 
ing the little mortcloath,... ... ... £1 Ifj 00 Sc. 

The same day p.ayed James Millar, Sarge and threed for mend- 
ing the mortcloaths, ... ... ... 5 14 00 „ 

27th Aug., 1752. — John Barbour payed Messrs. Short Rig & Allison, 
merchants in Glasgow, for 9 yards of mohare 
fringes at 5s. 6d. per yd., ... ... 2 9 G Stg. 

To 3 yards black plnsh at 6.5., ... ... 18 „ 

5th Jan., 175.3. — Payed James Millar for lineing to the mortcloath, 5 14 6 Sc. 

6th Dec, 1751. — Paid for a mortcloath wallet to James Millar, ... 3 12 ,, 

New mortcloths were bought in 1761, 1762, 1770; and on 18th April, 
1772, the committee appointed by the Session for valuing the Se.ssion's 
mortcloths met, and having called for the same, they, with the assistance 
of Jolur Hair and John Stevenson, Taylors, "did set a price upon each of 
them," viz. : — 

The largest velvet mortcloth, No. 1, was valued at £9 
The next do.. No. 2. ,, ,, 5 15 

The best hair plush one, No. 3, „ „ 3 

The worst do. do.. No. 4, ,, ,, 4 

The smallest do., for children. No 5, ., ,, 

. . . The above tradesmen were also of opinion that the best velvet mortcloth has 
been much hurt by ill usage. 

4. The Session's funds were hel^jed by certain fines or confiscations 
levied from those whose conduct was not socially regular. 

Parties about to get married were expected to consign a small sum of 
money into the hands of the Kirk Session before the proclamation of 
banns, which was generally returned if the marriage took place, but which 
might be forfeited if the sweethearting had not been of a virtuous 
character : — 



... 


lent at 4s. 6d. 


... 


„ 3s. 6d. 


... 


„ 23. 6d. 


... 


,. Is. 


... 


„ Is. 



KILBAECHAX DURING THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY. 165 

11th Nov., 174:8, — The Session, in consideration y' J . . . . M married the 

woman, gave bim batk his consignation money. 

20th August, 175G. — Robert Honeyman claimed and obtained piyment of his consigna- 
tion money. 

Not infrequently tlie pledge was forfeited and consignation money thus 
became confiscate money : — 

4th May, 174-1.— Given of conKscate money to James Young (the Kirk Treasurer) the 
sum of one pound five shillings Stg. 

31st Jan., I745. — Given of confiscate money to James Young the sum of nine pounds 
Scots. 

21st Dec, 17.j1. — Given in this day to the Session twenty-seven shill: Ster. money of 
confiscations by Mich. Garner. 

20ih July, 1753. — Given in by Mich. Garner of confiscate money, £7 10s. Sc. 

Sometimes the wealtliy on the occasion of their marriage made a small 
contribution to the poors' ftuid which might be looked upon as consigna- 
tion money voluntarily surrendered : wlieii Porterfield of that Ilk married 
Christina Cuninghame of Craigends in 1747 he gave half a guinea to the 
poor. 

How consignation money came to be changed into booking money or 
proclamation money we learn from the following- entry : — 

4th Nov., 17.')3. — Upon a report fiom IMichael Garner, Sess. Clerk, that at the booking 
of parties for marriage he found it diflicult to prevail upon the party to lay down the 
usuall consignation money and that he believed it could not be made more etfectuall without 
the interposition of a judge. The Session agreed for a time to accept of eighteen pence to 
be mortify'd to the poor in lieu thereof and allows the Session Clerk sixpence of the same 
in augmentation of his perquisites. 

Iri-egular marriages, which were, of cour.se, evasions of, or attempts to 
evade, the discipline of the Church, were made to contribute revenue. The 
parties irregularly married appeared before the Session producing a cer- 
tificate of their marriage, or bringing witnesses to prove that they had 
publicly acknowledged each other as husband and wife. The certificate 
was carefully scrutinised, or the witnesses cross-examined ; parties were 
made to promise to adhere to one another as husband and wife, and 
were rebuked before the Session. A narrative of the facts was entered 
in the Session's minutes, which amounted to registration, an extract 
was given, and a fine was exacted. 

2Sth January, 1743. — The Session required of W . . . M and E L , 

irregularly married, that they sh' pay some what to the poor or run their hazard of a suit 



166 KILBARCHAK. 

tefore the Justices of the Peace. Whereupon they gave 15s. stg., which the Session 
accepted and dismissed them. 

Ill 1778, 17s. was the sum demanded as a fine and in lieu of the pro- 
clamation fee which in such a case was not paid ; but a professional man 
who chose to get married hurriedly and irregularly in 1760 had to p;iy 
two guineas for the luxury. 

Towards the end of the century [I7th May, 1797] those who wished 
the privilege of having their children baptised privately, i.e., in their 
own homes, had to pay 5s., which the minister disbursed to needy 
persons. 

5. The poors' fund was also helped from various other sources which 
cannot very well be classified, e.g., the rent for the right of grazing cattle 
in the churchyard. This legally belonged to the minister, but it seems 
sometimes to have been given as a perquisite perhaps to the beadle. 

25th Ju., 1756.— To John Scot with the Kirk yard grass, ... £104 Sc. 

A swarm of bees was sold for the benefit of the poor In 1769. 

3rd Dec, 1762. — Given in by a delinquite (.'/c), ... ... .£0 6 Stg. 

3rd Aug., 1764.— A Fine, ... ... ... ... ... 1 Stg. 

4th Ap., 1766. — By Mr. Warner for parish fines for not taking out 

licences, ... ... ... ... 0116 Stg. 

22nd Jy., 1766. — Fines from Mr. Barclay by decreets, March 1764 

and August 1765, ... ... ... 2 15 Stg. 

6. There were also rents from some pews which had been put up at 
the expense of the Kirk Session, but, 

28th May, 1765. — The Session appoint a committee [to examine their books and 
accounts] and to keep distinct that which arises from the sett of the seats in the area of the 
kirk. 

The destination of pew rents was therefore not the poors' fund, but a 
fund for the repair of the fabric. 

IGth Feby., 1753. — . . . the Session resolves, that two pews be put up on each 
end of said area at the expense of the Session .... and that the persons who have 
bespoke these seats should be preferred for the first year at a crown the seat with the 
interest of the money that shall be expended in the erecting of them ... if the seats 
be judged too chape the same shall be exposed to public roup for the succeeding years ; it 
teing always understood that the said seats shall be removed at the time of a sacrament. 

20th Jy., 1753. — Payed Patrick Barr for the four new seats in the 

area of the church, ... ... ... £22 08 00 Sc. 



KILBARCHAX DURING THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY. 1G7 

The pews were put up to auction, whicli was duly advertised Ijy tuclc of 
drum, — 

25th Ju., 1756, — Alex' Millar for crjing the seats in ye area, ... £0 12 00 Sc. 
—John Orr for the drum, ... ... ... 00 Sc. 

These pews brouglit in an income of .£'2 9s. Gd. Stg. in 1755, and nearly 
£A in 1769. That pews were scarce is evident from five men going .shares 
in one pew in 1774. The occupants of these pews were frequently in 
arrears with their rents. 



Provision for the Poor after 1785. 

In 1783 the Kirk Session had to make inroads on their capital for 
the purpose of discharging their liabilities to the poor. They ascribed the 
unpleasant predicament in which they found themselves to the existence of 
the Burntshiels Secession Church, which had had the effect of reducing 
their income from the church plate, and also to a large increase in the 
number of the poor. It was due also, though the Kirk Session do not say 
so, to the fact that the heritors had been throwing as much of the burden 
of maintaining church, churchyard walls, and schoolhouse, as they possibly 
could, upon the Session. 

Glasgow had adopted a tax for the poor in 1770, Paisley and 
Greenock in 1783. A meeting of Kilbarchan heritors and others was held 
in the Parish Church, 1st July, 1785, to devise a scheme of poor relief; 
and a month later, five heritors, five householders, five tenants (farmers) 
were appointed to meet with the Kirk Session to consider the poor cases 
needing help, to take account of the funds at their disposal, and to allocate 
the sum necessary amongst heritors, householders and tenants. They were 
instructed to impose the tax in sucli a way that the contribution would be 
as equitable and easy as possible, and with this end in view they were to 
take into account the property of each in the parish, his trade, his means, 
his substance, and any other relevant circumstance. To the best of their 
judgment the sum required for the year current was £1 12. They imposed 
an assessment on the heritors of 3d. per £ Scots of their valuation ; this 
yielded £78 9s. 3fd., the valued rent of the parish being £6277 Sc. From 
the Kirk Session they expected £12 ; Burntshiels Session gave, in 1786, 
9s. and Mr. Lindsay, the minister, 10s. ; and householders and tenant 
farmers, on what basis we do not know, were to contribute £21 10s. 



16S KILBARCHAX. 

Tlie sum required to meet the poors' necessities showed year by year 
a very decided tendency to increase, so that in 1799 the heritors' rate had 
to be increased to 4d. Stg. per £1 Sc, and each householder had to give 
2s. In 178G-7 the Board made a new departure — partly, no doubt, to 
meet a felt want and partly to add to their funds — in providing "a 
machine for conveying the dead to the place of interment, and a house to 
lodge it in." A sum of £17 is entered in the record of 19th January, 
1787, as the cost of this " machine," though perhaps the cost of the house 
also is included. 



Tl}e Cormmmion. 

An account of Kilbarchan in the eighteenth century -would be alto- 
gether incomplete without some reference to a great event in the ecclesias- 
tical year — an event which was of social importance also--the Comuuuiion. 
In the eighteenth century it was held once a year, usually in June, but 
sometimes in May. There were years in which it was omitted altogether, 
usually on the groimd that the minister was ailing and would fain avoid 
the excitement it caused him, to the great loss of the Session's funds. 

The following is a complete account of a Communion as recorded in 
the Kirk Session's minutes : — 

Gth May, 17-lS. — It was agreed that the sacrament of the Lord's Supper should be ad- 
ministered in this congregation the 29th of May 

20th May, 1748. — This day the Session met for prayer and private censures, prayed 
this day James Young and Robert White, William Seraple ended with prayer. The fast is 
appointed to be on Thursday, the order for collecting is as follows : — 

The preparation Sabbath [22nd May] Robert White and Jo" Kelso. 
The Fast day [2Gth „ ] Alex' Speir and John Orr. 

The Saturday [28th „ ] W"' Semple and W'" Reid. 

The Sabbath [29th „ ] W'" Erskine and Hugh Semple. 

The Monday, [30th ,. ] John Barbour and James Young. 

James Craig and John Semple are to be spoken to for collecting at the tent. 

10th June, 17-18. — The collections were counted. 
Prep. Sabb., Robert White, 
Fast Day, John Orr, 
Saturday, 
Com. Sabbath, 
Monday, 
Thanksgiving Sabb., 



£09 00 


So. 


= 


£0 15 


Stg. 


08 00 


„ 


= 


13 


i :, 


09 00 


„ 


= 


15 


„ 


50 00 


„ 


= 


4 3 


i -, 


17 00 


„ 


= 


1 9 


2 


16 18 


„ 


= 


1 8 


2 „ 



KILBARCHAN DURING THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY. 169 

Some of the terms and proceedings mentioned above call for explanation. 
" Privy censure.s " may be regarded as a religious spring cleaning, in 
which the Kirk Session turned its inquisitorial energies upon itself; 
member after member went out in turn, as in some parlour games, and 
the rest discussed his character and talked over any report that had been 
in circulation about him for the past year. The minister was exempted 
because he underwent a similar experience once a year at the hands, or 
rather at the tongues, of his ecclesiastical peers in the Presbytery. In 
tlie whole history of Kilbarchan Kirk Session as far as it has been pre- 
served, there was only one scandal^ an old man to whom had been en- 
trusted some money to give to the poor, had not paid it at once. He w\is 
himself very poor and may in an evil hour have been tempted to appro- 
priate it. Anyhow, there appear to have been extenuating circumstances, 
for the Session dealt gently with him. 

At the meetings for privy censures, the elders were in the habit of 
exercising their gifts in praj^er at the opening and closing of the 
sederunts. 

The men appointed to take the collections at the various services 
w^ere not all elders, but when not elders they were men eligible for the 
eldership ; possibly it was expected that tasting the sweets of office on 
the occasion of the sacrament, they would be all the readier to become 
elders when asked. 

Keference is made to collecting at the tent. The tent was not a 
canvas erection which would accommodate a congregation, but merely an 
open-air pulpit, as has been already explained. In some countr}' church- 
yards the tent ready for the communion time might have been seen until 
within recent years. The Kilbarchan tent, though its component parts 
were laid aside and carefully preserved, was not kept quite ready for use, 
but was put up when it was needed and then taken down again. This 
may indicate that the open-air preaching at Kilbarchan did not take 
place in the churchyard but in some field near. 
31st Aug., 1714. — To putting up the tent, ... 
2nd Aug., 1745. — For ale and nails, 
5th Ju., 1752. — To nails and setting up the tent and other 

charges, 
20th Ju., 1753. — To Rob. Whitehill for putting up of the tent 

and nails, 
25th Ju., 1750.— To a tent cloath, 
21st Jy., 1758. — To covering the tent with deals, 
6th Ju., 1760. — Charges in setting up table and removing the 
tent, 

X 



£0 07 
07 


So. 

6 So. 


08 


So. 


t 

10 
3 03 

1 4 


Sc. 
00 Sc. 

n stg. 


e 

1 


Stg. 



170 KILBARCHAN. 

The Kirk Session renewed their supply of tokens much more fre- 
quently than might have been expected to be necessary : — 

14th Ju., 1751.— For tokens and a stamp, ... ... ... £6 00 00 Sc. 

25th Ju., 1756. — John Ewing for tokens, casting, etc., ... 1 16 00 Sc. 

21st Jy., 1758.— Pay'd for tokens, ... ... ... 6 3 Stg. 

12th Jy., 1765. — The belman and three years' additional tokens, 7 6 Stg. 

The Parish Church communions were, however, it is understood, not to be 
compared in magnitude and importance with those held at the Burnt- 
shiels Church : — 

"1 find on one occasion 1400 tokens provided at a shilling a hundred 

At a later period under Mr. Lindsay's ministry, I find 700 tokens given away 

The communions at the Brenchall were famous until the beginning of the nineteenth cen- 
tury ; but latterly they were attended by undevout persons, disorders ensued, and even- 
tually they were limited for the most part to the members of the congregation and ceased 
to attract." ^ 

The constantly recurring accounts for mending windows, especially after 
the communion, bear evidence to the rough manners of the time. On 
Jan. 22, 1781, some evil-disposed persons wantonly discharged " a 
loaded gun against one of the church windows whereby it was much 
damaged." The suspects were complained of to the Justices. The 
chui-chyard gates and doors were in a chronic state of disrepair, and a 
good deal of money, which otherwise would have gone to relieve the 
poor, had to be spent on them. 



Rev. Jas. Inglis' Account of the West TJ.P. Church, Johnstone. 



CHAPTER X. 



Industrial and Social Condition of Kilbarchan in the 
Eighteenth Century. 



The old order changeth, yielding place to new, 

And God fulfils himself in many ways, 

Lest one good custom should corrupt the world. 

-Tenni/son. 

Population — Great increase during the eighteenth century — Distribution of the population be- 
tween the village and the country — Industries — Agriculture on the lower and on the higher 
ground — Rotation of crops — Cattle and horses — Mills and thirlage — Weaving and weavers' 
earnings a century ago — Cotton Mills at Bridge of Weir, Linwood and Kilbarchan — Bleaching 
— Mining— Waulk-and Lint-Mills — Linen-and cotton-thread — Candle-making — Brewing — 
Tobacco-growing — Fairs and Amusements — Lily's and Barchan's Days — Procession at the 
Summer Fair — Quarrelsome gentlemen — A subscription race — Jockeying at the Kilbarchan 
Races— " Courtin' Monday "—The game of bullets— Recruiting and Emigration— Kilbarchan 
deserters — Living, Dress and Manners — Increasing politeness — Pickery— Thigging curses 
—Harae-sucken— Poaching— Societies— Farmer Society— General Society— Weaver Society- 
Masonic Lodge. 



I. — Popvlation. 

During the eighteenth century the population of Kilbarchan more than 
trebled itself. The following numbers, gathered from various sources, are, 
we presume, upon the whole reliable : — 



In 1695 


the population was 


... 977 


„ 1755 


,, „ 


... 1485 


„ 1774 


„ 


... 2305 


„ 1791 


)j )> 


... 2506 


„ 1801 


„ 


... 3151 



Distribution of Population. — In 1695 the Kirkton or Village of 
Kilbarchan consisted of but a very few houses clustered round the 
church ; smiths, weavers, cordiners (shoemakers), and even chapmen 

171 



172 KILBAKCHAN. 

(shopkeepers) were not gathered together in the village, but were 
scattered over the whole parish/ 

In 1740 the village contained but forty families, and its population 
cannot, therefore, have been much more than 200. 

In 1774 there were in the village 304 families, accommodated in 142 
houses, 98 of which were of one storey, and 44 oi two storeys ; 122 of the 
houses were thatched, only 20 were slated. 

By 1782 twenty-four new houses had been built. 

In 1791 a census was taken under the direction of the Parish 
Minister (Maxwell) which showed — 

Number of families in Village, 391— Males 762, females 822. 
County, 172— „ 440, „ 482. 

The excess of females over males Maxwell explains by saying that the 
sons were sent to towns to business and to learn trades, whereas the 
daughters found employment at home — on farms, in the bleachfields, 
and in the cotton factories. 

//. — Industries. 

Agriculture. — Before 15G0, when the monks at Paisley were pro- 
prietors of a large part of the parish, agriculture was almost the sole 
occupation of the people of Kilbarchan. More than a century later, at 
the time of the Poll Tax, the number of those engaged in farming opera- 
tions still far exceeded those engaged in all other pursuits. It was 
not till about the middle of the eighteenth century that any manufac- 
tures worthy of the name were established in the parish, and with them 
came a rise in farm-rents and in the price of farm-labour. Maxwell 
notices this and explains it by the following trite economic maxims : — 

' For purposes of comparison we subjoin the census returns for 1901 : — 

Males. Females. Total. 
Village of Kilbarchan, 1343 1543 2886 

,, ,, Bridge of Weir (Kilbarchan Parish), ... 
Country District (Kilbarchan), 

,, ,, (Bridge of Weir, Kilbarchan Parish), 
Village of Linwood, 

,, ,, Blackstoun, 

,, ,, Clippens, 

Country District around Linwood, etc., ... 



G71 


932 


1603 


2G4 


300 


564 


37 


37 


74 


5G2 


606 


1168 


174 


162 


336 


135 


126 


261 


165 


169 


334 



INDUSTKIAL CONDITION IN THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY. 17;J 

" Land is of no value without iiiluihitaiits to cultivate and cunsunie the 
fruits of it." "Rise of rent has therefore kept pace with progre.ss of 
manufacture and increase of population." 

Before 1750 few of the proprietors — apart from the greater ones — 
appear to have had in their possession any valid titles to the lands they 
owned ; after 1750 no land was out of title. 

Daring the first half of the century rents were paid largely in kind, 
and when the rent was paid in money the land brought only from 5s. to 
7s. an acre. After the middle of the century rents were usually paid in 
money. In 178'2 the best land brought 20s. an acre, and in 1794, 50s. 
and even GOs., though the average was only between 25s. and 30s. 
The total rent for agricultural land in 1791 was £4542. 

Before the middle of the century few of the fields let to tenants, were 
enclosed by any sort of fence or dyke ; by 1782 no good land remained 
unenclosed. The days of wire fencing were not yet ; and Maxwell, writ- 
ing towards the end of the century, tells the expedients resorted to in order 
to make trespass for man or beast difficult. " The eastern or low part is 
mostly enclosed, in some places with stone dykes, but chiefly with hedge 
and ditch. The thorns ai'e planted either in the face of earth thrown 
from the ditch or on the top. Another practice is to build a pai'apet of 
stone, about 3 or 4 feet high, on the edge of the ditch ; then thorns are 
planted on the top perpendicular or they are stuck in on the face of the 

wall, the best of the earth being drawn to the roots In 

the western or higher parts the dykes are of rickle stone gathered 
from the fields." Even then sportsmen were complained of because 
they broke through the fences, creating gaps and so rendering them in- 
effectual. The ordinary size of a farm was from 40 to GO acres, yet Mr. 
Ptodger, either of Fennel or Fulton, had a farm extending to 222 aci'es — 
" all," it is added, " in excellent order." 

In 1794, the methods of farming pursued in the lower or eastern 
part of the parish were appreciably different from those suitable for the 
higher and western. The former district is mentioned and discussed by 
the Minister first. He tells us that only one-third of a farm was laboured 
and cropped, the rest being under pastui'e or hay, and that the whole 
farm was not under one rotation. The arable part, after producing two 
crops of oats, was manured for a crop of potatoes or barley ; the parts not 
arable yielded hay for two seasons and were then pastured for three or four 
years. Beans and wheat had been tried, but the crops had not been a 
success, owing to the lateness and dampness of the seasons. The fault of 



174 KILBARCHAN. 

tills system, according to the Minister, was that all the labour came on at 
one time, obliging a farmer to keep more servants and horses than he could 
find work for all the year round ; he suggests that the farmer should 
take to dairying and cattle feeding, because there was a good market for 
such produce among the workers at the cotton mills in the neighbour- 
hood, and that for his dairy stock he should grow cabbages, carrots, 
turnijDS, winter vetches. Potatoes, he says, were being grown, and yielded 
excellent returns ; sometimes they were planted in drills, sometimes in 
" lazy beds." The latter method was that adopted in the neighbourhood of 
Linwood Moss, where the sets were covered with nearly a foot of moss, 
which when dry was set on fire, and the ashes formed an excellent 
manure. 

In the higher parts of the parish the good soil was scattered about in 
patches amongst the i-ocks, and was full of loose stones. The rotation in 
use here was three or four crops of oats in succession, after which the 
ground was allowed to lie fallow. This appeared to the Minister to be a 
very bad method of farming. He says that the land ought to be top 
dressed and sown with grass to give it a chance of producing what it was 
best fitted to produce. Here also potatoes were usually sown in " lazy 
beds," sometimes in drills. After the potato crop, oats or barley was 
sown. Throughout the parish patches of lint were grown, but only for 
the labourers' own use. 

Cattle and Horses. — The cows most esteemed were those with a 
small mouth, head and neck long and small, in colour spotted brown and 
white. Those reared on the lower ground farms yielded 8 or 10 pints of 
milk per day and were worth to their owners £8 or £10 yearly, while 
those on the higher ground yielded 6 pints per day, and were worth only 
£3 per annum. It is difficult to understand how this could be, unless 
the remoteness of consumers made dairying less profitable on the higher 
ground. The prices of milk per Scots pint were : new milk 2d, skimmed 
milk Id, butter milk ^d. In 1791 there were 1277 cows in the country 
districts, and 42 in the village. 

Horses were usually of the Lanarkshire breed, excellent for strength 
and mettle. A plough was generally drawn by three, sometimes by two 
horses ; a driver was necessary as well as the ploughman proper. In 1791 
there were 242 horses in the country districts and 19 in the village. Few 
or no pigs were kept, and sheep only by gentlemen for their own tables. 



INDUSTKIAL CONDITION IN THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY. 17f> 

Corn Mills. — ^In 1794 there weie four corn mills in the parish, and 
in two of them, probably Glentyan Mill and Locher Mill, the system of 
thirlage still prevailed. This of course means that certain farms were 
thirled or attached to a particular mill and that the miller had to be paid 
for grinding the oats grown on the thirled lands whether he ground them 
or not. Thirlage was paid in kind and varied from three to eight per cent. 
All grain save oats was free. The Minister speaks of this as a barbarous 
Gothic practice, and expresses the hope that it may soon be abolished 
because it occasioned constant complaints by the miller of evasion and by 
the farmers of slovenly execution. At the Mill of Cart thirlage had been 
in 1794 abolished, and in lieu of this due the tenants paid 6d. per acre. 
The miller at this mill was accused in 1742-3 of theft and pickery, and 
perhaps this hastened the change of payment. At Johnstone Mill 
(Milliken Mill) thirlage had been moderated in 1794.' 

Weavixo. — Weaving is not so ancient an industry in Kilbarchan 
as might be supposed. In 1695 there were in the parish only thirty 
or forty weavers including apprentices, and these were probably all 
customer weavers. In 1739 John Barbour built a factory, probably in the 
Stack Yard, and began to make thick linen. In 1742 Allan Speirs began 
the manufacture of a higher class of goods — lawns, cambrics, etc. — for 
which he found a mai'ket chiefly in Dublin. In 1782 this industry was 
still on the increase, Alexander Speirs,^ John and Humphrey Barbour in 
company, John Hov^, John Barbour, jun., and John Houston employing- 
amongst them three hundred and sixty looms. Semple calculates that 
each weaver could in 1782 make £65 per annum, and Rev. Robert 
Douglas says that at the end of the century a good workman could earn 
as much as 10s. a day. In 1791 there were 383 looms in the village and 
34 in the county district. 

' A lease (in the possession of Mr. James Caldwell, Writer, Paisley) of Barrbush Park (a park 
opposite the Manse Avenue), to Walter Caldwell and Alexander Lyle, of date 1777, obliges the 
tenants to have any corn grown on this park (seed and horse-corn excepted) ground at Milliken Mill 
for payment of oufentoun dues and multures (i.e., adequate remuneration for the work done). 

- 1 am indebted to Mr. James Caldwell, Paisley, for the following extract from a letter in his 
possession addressed to Mr. Alexander Speirs, Kilbarchan, by liis correspondent, Daniel Stuart, 
Dublin, dated 2Cth April, 1788 : — "Muslins both stripped and spotted will be a good deal wore 

this summer. How far you are safe to manufacture many of them you must judge 

Your stripes last year were very well liked. The neatest of them are gone long ago 

Any stripes you make must be a few nine hunders, 10 and 11 hunders principally, and a few 12 
hunders, all 5 wide. The demand here runs from 53. to Cs., but particularly from Cs. to 7s. or 
7s. 6d., seldom higher, ecc. , etc." 



176 KILBAECHAN. 

Cotton Spinning. — By the end of the eighteenth century cotton 
spinning had ah-eady become an important industry in the parish. The 
old Red Mill on the Gryffe was built before 1792, and was owned by 
Messrs. Carlisle and Rorison. Grytfe Mill was built in 1793, and con- 
tained 2120 spindles. It was capable of giving employment to seventy 
persons, chiefly women and children. There were only 1664 spindles 
working in 1794, and the employees numbered no more than 49. 

The Mill at Linwood, "the most splendid establishment in the 
cotton spinning business perhaps in Britain," was in course of erection 
and nearing completion in 1794. When finished, its length was to be 
339 feet ; it was to contain 25,000 spindles and to give employment to 
eighteen hundred persons. Owing to dull times, however, only seventy- 
five persons were employed when Maxwell wrote, and the proprietors were 
in no hurry to complete the building. Power was supplied by two water 
wheels, one of which was so situated that it sometimes ceased to work 
owing to tail water. With evident pride Maxwell tells that the building 
was six storeys in height with garrets, that it had over five hundred 
windows, that the rooms were high, afibrding ample air space, that the air 
was free from cotton particles owing to the simplified machinery, that 
ventilation was provided by the two vast staircases in the building. He 
says that three half-gills of oil a day was sufficient to lubricate the whole 
machinery. A regular town on an elegant plan was already in course of 
erection, and the minister is anxious that the employers should provide 
for the education of the young operatives — " for," he says, " a work of 
this sort is a school where the children of the poor, otherwise a burden 
upon their [)arents, may be trained to industrj' and virtue."^ 

The houses now known as Nos. 35 and 37 New Street were, it is 
understood, erected to serve as a cotton mill, though perhaps not until 
after Mr. Maxwell's time ; the power in this case Avas supplied by a gin. 

Bleaching. — The Kilbarchan linen manufacturers had each his own 
bleachtield. The burn supplied excellent water for the purpose. " The 
said bleachfields," says Semple, "are divided into proper lengths and 
breadths, having canals running through between the said divisions, 
about three feet deep and near as wide, being well paved at bottom, and 
built on both sides about a foot broad, being a passage for the people 
Avhile watering the cloth ; all of which is good cut stone ; as also reservoirs 

^ Old Statistical Account. 



INDUSTRIAL CONDITION IN THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY. 177 

or cisterns made in different places of the fields, for holding water upon 
occasion, built likewise of good cut stone, being all so artfully made, that 
the canals in the acclivity of the field can be made subservient to the 
canals in the declivity. If the said canals should fail in water, which 
seldom happens, they can have recourse to very deep wells, which they 
have dug for supplying their caldrons and other w^ooden vessels to stove 
their cloth in."' At Middleton and at Linwood, in 1782, there were 
bleachfields in connection with thread works. In 1704 tliere were three 
bleachfields in the village of Kilbarchan, giving employment to thirty 
persons, mostly women. 

Mining and Quarrying. — Semple mentions Paisley and Kilbarchan 
as the two parishes in the county where excellent coal and lime were 
found. In 1713, Thomas Kennedy, the proprietor of Pennel, was working 
both coal and lime on the lands of Boghonse : some of his miners were 
summoned before the Sheriff on a charge of intimidating the tenants of 
Laigh Pennel." William Cnninghame of Craigends [1742-65], "carried 
on a coal work in his own barony several years, wherein were two kinds 
of coal, viz., the ordinary coal, and another kind called light or splint 
coal, which w^ould rise in pieces six foot long, nine inches broad, and six 
thick. The water was taken out of the said coal pits by a water engine. 
A great lime work was also carried on."^ In 1755 there were coal pits in 
the lands of Kaimhill, where plenty of coal was got. Coal had been 
worked to the west of the Barrhill before 1767, for in that year James 
Milliken improved his roads with the waste. The mound in the Public 
Park consists of mining refuse, which may have come from the old coal 
pit near Spring-grove Quarry, which was worked until 1774, or from that 
at Brandscroft, worked until 1780. The water in the well at the Spout 
Head comes from the Spring-grove pit. In 1794 Maxwell says that of 
the seven coal mines in the parish only four were being wrought. In his 
time, however, the Kilbarchan coal was used only for burning lime ; 
household coal came from Paisley Parish and cost 6d. per cwt. 

A quarry situated near Spring-grove, long known as the Quarry 
House, supplied the freestone of which a great part of the eighteenth cen- 
tury village was built ; this freestone was overlain by the eruptive basalt 
rock. It was in 1782 wrought by Walter Caldwell, whom Semple calls 
an architect, meaning, presumably, that he was a builder. 

1 litnfretrshire, p. 114. = 'B.ecU<i-\ Judicial Records, i. pp. 73-6. 

^ Semple's RenfreKsh ire, p. 133. 

Y 



178 KILBAKCHAX. 

Minor Industries. — From the Poll Tax Rolls we learn that in 1695 
there were two Waulk or Falling Mills in the parish where cloth under- 
went the process of fulling or shrinking. They were probably situated 
on the Cart. We infer from Semple ^ that the lint mill, which according 
to Maxwell was of excellent construction and the best frequented of any 
in the West of Scotland, was also on the Cart, probably where the Flax 
Mill now is. 

In 1721 Mrs. Millar, widow of the Minister of Kilmaurs, nee Chris- 
tian Shaw of Bargarren, of witchcraft fame, removed to Johnstone, which 
until 1733 was within the bounds of Kilbarchan, and there in company 
with her mother the Lady Bargarren and her sisters carried on the 
manufacture of linen thread. Their advertisement, which appeared in the 
newspapers of the time, read as follows : — 

" The Lady Bargarren and her daughters having attained to a great 
perfection in making, whitening, and twisting of SEWING THREED, 
which is as cheap and white, and known by experience to be much 
stronger than the Dutch, to prevent people's being imposed upon by other 
Threed, which may be sold under the name of ' Bargarren Threed,' 
the papers in which the Lady Bargarren and her daughters at Bargarren, 
or Mrs. Miller, her eldest daughter (Christian, now a widow), at John- 
stone, do put up their Threed, shall, for direction, have thereupon their 
Coat of Arms, ' a:ure three covered cups or.' Those who want the said 
Threed, which is to be sold from fivepence to six shillings per ounce, 
may write to the Lady Bargarren at Bargarren, or Mrs. Miller at John- 
stone, near Paisley, to the care of the Postmaster at Glasgow ; and may 
call for the samen in Edinburgh, at John Seton, merchant, his shop in 
the Parliament Close, where they will be served either in Wholesale or 
Eetail ; and will be served in the same manner at Glasgow, by William 
Selkirk, merchant, in Trongate." - 

According to Semple there was in 17S'2 at Middleton '' a thread bleach- 
tield, as also thread-making carried on by Mr. James Semple, junior ; " 
and at Lin wood " there is another thread bleachfield carried on by Mr. 
James Cochran." ^ 

Before 1739 the Messrs. Barbour had a candle factory in Kilbarchan 
" which acquired great celebrity." In 17S2 a large brewery was carried 
on by Mr. John Houston. In 1794 there were two candle works and the 
brewery. No. 36 Steeple Street, or the building behind it, is still known 
as " The Can'le House," and may have been the scene of Mr. Barbour's 
operations. 

' Benfreicshiie, p. 129. -' Witches of Benfiea-shiff, p. xxv. ^ Renfiewihire, p. 137. 



INDUSTRIAL COXDITIOX IX THE EIGHTEEXTH CEXTUKY. 179 

When Semple wrote an intei-esting experiment was being made at 
Craigends. Five acres \\ithin tlie policies were planted with tobacco ; 
but unfortunately no record has been left of the success attending the 
experiment. 



///. — Fair.'i and Ainuseyne^its. 

It is decidedly more interesting, and perhaps more instructive to see 
people at their play than to watch them at their work. In the eighteenth 
century the Fair Days — Lily's Day [3rd Tuesday of July, U.S.] and 
Barchan's Day [1st Tuesday of December, O.S.] — were great occasions for 
the pleasure-loving. At the Summer Fair " there was a public market 
held where dairy and other farm produce and wool and lint then spun 
in every household — as well as wooden utensils and horses and cattle, 
were exposed for sale." ^ " There was a cow market in the forenoon and 
foot and horse I'aces in the afternoon, where the tradesmen go through 
the town in grand procession, with a captain, lieutenant, ensigns, ad- 
jutant, sergeants, corpoi'als, and others; drums beating, colours flying, 
music playing, garlands, swords, etc., brocaded." - Doubtless there would 
be kindred celebrations on Barchan's Day, but of a kind more suitable for 
wintery weather. 

The effect of a day given over lai'gely or entirely to pleasure on the 
nerves of a people who were regular and industrious in their habits was 
exhausting ; men became irritable and quarrelsome. On Lily's Day, 1G87, 
Andrew How in Pennell and James Stevenson in Ranfurly, two men in 
highly respectable positions, quarrelled and fought. How had the best of 
the fight, but decidedly the worst of the subsequent legal proceedings. 
The fight, we regret to have to record, was not conducted according to the 
rules which regulate contests in the ring : the " ane shott in the breast " 
would pass, but the " fastening of the hands of one of the combatants 
in the other's hair " was decidedly unscientific. How, who was the 
aggressor both in word and deed, had to answer for his conduct first 
before the Baron's Court, where CVaigends' Bailie presided, and was fined 
£30 Scots ; and next before the Sheriff" at Paisley, where he was again 
fined £10 Sc, payable to the fiscal and £5 Sc. assythment (damages) 
to the pursuer.* 

' Hector's Judicial Records, ii. p. 87. - Crawford and Seiiiple's Benfrewshire, p. 113. 

^ Hector's Judicial Records, ii. pp. 8G-90. 



180 KILBAECHAN. 

The townsfolk, either out of a love of sport or with an eye to business, 
did what they could to encourage horse racing. In an old account book of 
David Kerr, master mason, Kilbarchan, in the possession of Mr. O. G. 
MacGregor, Church Street, Kilbarchan, there is a page headed " Proposals 
for a race by superscriptions;" the date is about 1755. Twenty-seven 
names of subscribers follow ; nine contributed a shilling, and the re- 
mainder sixpence apiece. The horse race was not always conducted iu 
a fair and sportmanslike spirit ; yet glory rather than gain was the 
guerdon ; the first prize was a saddle of the value of between £3 and 
£6 Scots. In 1718 a grey horse owned by John Gardner, merchant in 
Paisley, and ridden by one William Campbell, appeared at a certain stage 
in the race to be the likely winner. Matthew Lindsay, a Houston man, 
who was riding his own horse, had also started, but for some reason he 
gave up early in the race. Desiring still to control the issue, he drevr 
to the side and waited for the horses on the return journey. As they 
approached he rode straight for Gardner's horse and " with ane great oak 
stick straik many times at the lyder and beat the s'' hoise over the 
forehead and nose till the blood sprung out thereat, whereby Gardner's 
horse lost the race." ^ Lindsay had to pay in fines and damages the sum 
of £43 Scots. 

It would be difficult to say whether an eighteenth centiuy Communion 
afforded more of social enjoyment or of religious edification. We have 
already mentioned it under the head to which, ostensibly at least, it 
more properly belongs. The occasion, so far as it was of a religious 
character, was brought to a close with the benediction, which con- 
cluded the Monday service. After that, however, there was a good 
part of a summer day to be spent in a manner which, it was fitting, 
should make it different from an ordinary Monday. Part of the com- 
munity certainly rose to the occasion and to the standard expected of 
them, by spending it in the pleasant but serious pastime of courting. At 
the great gatherings which took place at the Sacrament, young men and 
maidens made each other's acquaintance for the first time or renewed an 
intimacy made on a former though less auspicious occasion. On the 
Communion Sunday there might be stealthy and admiring glances ; 
those of course it were impossible to avoid, but the practical matter of 
marriage could not then be fitly and fully discussed ; that was left for 
the Monday afternoon. The day became known and recognised as 

•Judicial Beconh, i. nu. 03-C. 



INDUSTKIAL CONDITION IN THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY. 181 

'' Courting Monday," for then the lads ventured to visit their sweethearts 
at their homes, and sought (not of course always successfully) to come to 
an understanding with them and, if necessary, with their parents. 

The Scottish people cannot claim to have originated many games. 
Those which owe their existence to the native genius of the country have 
always this character — that manly strength is required, though skill is 
not excluded, indeed it cannot he from any hasis where man meets man. 
A characteristic Scottish game was that of hiiUets ; it was a game played 
in Kilbarchan and throughout Renfrewshire, both before and after the 
eighteenth century, and during the century it was a favourite game. 
The essentials were two iron balls of the weight of two pounds or less, and 
two players to throw them. Before starting, the number of chances 
or shots which each should have was arranged — usually five or seven. 
The object was to outdistance one's opponent at the end of the arranged 
number of throws, starting each time from the j^oint where the last 
throw left the ball — just as in golf The course was the public road. 
In important matclies seconds ran on ahead and advised, as the skip 
does in curling, at what point his player should aim so that the ball should 
go as far as possible by rolling along the ground after it fell. The 
game might be played with two players on each side as at golf, there 
being however but two balls. It was of course a dangerous game, since 
the course was the public road and the bullets travelled with a consider- 
able momentum though always delivered underhand. It is said that Kil- 
barchan players were known — of course in the excitement of the contest 
and on account of the considerable sums staked on the result — to express 
grave doubts as to whether the public roads had been made for bulleters 
or for the convenience of travellers and for farmers' carts. The gentleman 
of the name of Ramsay, whose funeral John Stirling attended on the week 
of his own death, 1683, died when playing at bullets at Lochwinnoch.^ 
About the year 184G, four famous Kilbarchan bulleters — John Hunter, 
William Brown, Alexander Meikle, James Houston — met four men of 
equal i'ame belonging to Paisley in a great bulleting match. The course 
was along the Beitli Road from the " four windings " near Milliken Park 
Railway Station towards Quarrelton. This was perhaps the last great 
match played, because soon afterwards bulleting came to be strictly for- 
bidden as dangerous to the lieges. And so this ancient game has dis- 
appeared within the memory of men not much past middle life, probably 
never to be revived. 

'Ante, p. 88. 



182 KILBARCHAN. 



IV. — Recruiting and Emigration, 

In the eighteenth century Kilbarchan yielded a much better harvest 
to the recruiting officer than it does now. During the Jacobite troubles 
of 1745, there were no fewer than fifty militia men from Kilbarchan. In 
1794, when the long war with France [1793-1815] was no more than 
begun, fifty-five young men from the village had entered the army and 
fifteen the navy — " besides," says Maxwell, " others from the country 
from pure necessity."' " In former wars a number of tradesmen were wont 
to go to sea, particularly in privateers, where they expected better wages 
and more prize-money than in the navy. But they seldom remained 

longer than the war lasted Those who formerly went 

to sea turned out drunken and dissipated ; those who returned from the 
army proved sober and industrious." " 

Maxwell makes no mention of desertion — perhaps in his time no 
Kilbarchan soldiers left the army without permission. A hundred years 
before, however, the Parish enjoyed an unenviable notoriety in this 
respect. In 1G94 John How of Damstoun was fined £10 Sterling for 
sheltering two lads, John Park and William Patoun, who had deserted 
from Sir William Douglas' Regiment' ; and in the very same year nineteen 
men and seventeen women, nearly all of them Kilbarchan people, were 
accused of seeking to rescue a deserter who was being curried back to 
his regiment. The indictment accuses them of l^eing amongst the " mob 
of inhabitants who did ' raball ' together, and with battouns, rungs, and 
stones, did fall upon Lieutenant William Lindsay and Sergeant William 
Orr," who with a l^arty of soldiers had arrested William Paterson the 
deserter. The kindly intentions of the Kilbarchan peojile towards the 
reluctant young soldier, and their " battering, wounding, and blooding " 
of the officers in command, cost them fines amounting to £260 Sterling — 
an enormous sum in tliose days.^ 

For fourteen years before 1794, Maxwell tells us, there had Ijeen no 
emigration from the parish because work had been plentiful ; but that 
very year, owing to dull trade and lack of employment, three families had 
already set out for America, and many more were preparing to follow. 

■ Old Statistical Account. = Ibid. 

= Hector's Judicial liecords, i. pp. 183-6. ^ Ibid., ii. pp. 109-12. 



INDUSTRIAL CONDITION IN THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY. 



V. — Liviiu/, Dress, (aid Manners. 

Towards the end of the century there was a marked improveaieut in 
the cuishie of working peoples' tables, both in respect to quality and 
variety; e.g., tea and butcher meat, luxuries undreamt of before except 
on rare occasions, were available to people of all descriptions. The minis- 
ter says of his people that in general they were sober and industrious — 
that their one extravagance was in the matter of dress, and tliat they 
were daily acquiring more politeness and urbanity of manner. 

During the century there are few church discipline cases of mucli 
interest. A Kilbarchan lady, Mary Craige by name, was brought Ijefore 
the Presbytery in 1700 on a charge of exchanging uncomplimentary greet- 
ings with a neighbour, Robert Widrow. Mary had expressed a fond 
desire to see Robert's " soul frying in hell," and the chivalrous Ptobert 
indicated that he hoped to see Mary some day " hinging in the Gallow 
Green of Paisley." Connoisseurs will readily admit that in power of 
imagination and strength of language the lady quite surjiassed the 
gentleman. 

We are informed by the late Mr. William Hector that in 1753 a 
Kilbarchan man suffered the extreme penalty of the law on the Gallow 
Green of Paisley, though his offence, let us be thankful for it, was only 
theft and robbery.' Kilbarchan could also produce instances of sheep- 
stealing and cattle-lifting, of theft and poaching. These seem, however, 
vulgar crimes of which there is no reason to boast. It is difficult, how- 
ever, not to have a sort of criminal respect for a parish which could pro- 
duce instances of such obscure crimes as pickery, thigging curses, and 
hame-sucken. Pickery was the crime of one Blair, tenant of Auchincloich 
one hundred and ninety-six years ago ; though " opulent and substantious 
and of ane high profession " he was mean enough to take under cloud of 
night from George Barr " ane burden of mashlum (mixed) corn, from the 
Laird of Craigends some chalfe corn," and from several neighbours "stuks 
of corn, burdens of their staikes, and ane straik of ane syth." Being 
found guilty, Blair was fined five hundred merks and had •' to stand in the 
juggs of Pasley " with a paper on his breast setting forth his mean and 
contemptible thefts." 

■ Hector's Judicial Records, i. pp. 24(j-8. '- Ibid., i. pp. 193-7. 



184 KILBARCHAN. 

The niillei- afc Johnstone Mill was the person accused in 1720 of 
" thigging curses." The object of his hate was the family of Houstoun 
•of Houston which he liad roundly abused, nsing for his purpose certain 
strange and powerful curses. The crime, bad enough in itself, was con- 
sidered to be greatly aggravated by tlie fact that the Houstouns were 
persons of "Honour and Nott." ' Robert Taylzeour, flesher in Kilbarchan, 
and Jean Houston, his spouse, had in 1697 spoken as strongly against 
the Allus.souns of Barns Croft, but were accused only of " slandering and 
backbyting."- Four years later the same miller of Johnstone, now miller 
iit Glentyan, committed the crime oF Hame-suchen. He had gone in the 
night-time to the house of Andrew Biodie, forced his way into the sleeping 
apartment of a lodger, an officer of excise, compelled the poor man to get 
out of bed in the lightest apparel possible, thrown him downstairs, thus in- 
flicting on his victim severe bruises in addition to making him catcli cold.^ 

The poaching prosecution was a wholesale affair. It occurred in 1716 
and involved no fewer than fifty-four persons, nearly all resident in Kil- 
barchan and all either farmers or connected with the agricultural interest. 
They were variously accused of killing hares, doves, wild duck, partridges, 
woodcock, and with steeping green lint in streams and ponds for the pur- 
pose of killing or stupefying the fish.* Those who did not confess the 
■crime of which they were charged were held to be guilty unless they 
could prove their innocence — a device which simplified greatly the diffi- 
culties incident to the ^prosecutor's office. 

The date of the sheep-stealing case was 1689. The accused were 
Matthew Sproull and Thomas Barber, residing in Cauldwalaw, which one 
would fain disclaim since it cannot be identified, yet it is said by Hector 
to have been a place in Kilbarchan. It is to l)e feared that the accused 
were guilty, as they did not appear to ans-Aver to the charges, and were 
therefore declared to be outlaws.* 

Kilbarchan manners and morals wei'e at least as far short of being 
perfect then as they are now ; there was ample room for the day to day 
improvement which overtook them in Mr. Maxwell's time ; and 3'et con- 
sidering that the record of crime of which we have been dealing was the 
product of over fifty years, there nuist have been many places where a 
man's person and property were less safe and his morals more liable to 
contamination than in Kilbarchan. 



' Hector's JticUciat Records, i. pp. 2] 5-9. - Ibid., ii. pp. 151-3. 

Ibid., i. pp. 221-4. * Ibid., i. pp. 208-12. ^ Ihid., ii. pp. 148 151 



INDUSTRIAL CONDITION IN THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY. 



VI. — Societies — Benefit and Friendly. 

Kilbiirchan has been prolific in societies, the purpose of which was in 
the first instance mutual benefit ; one of them, however, lent itself to 
mutual instruction as well. 

The earliest was Kilbarchan Fahmer Society, founded in January, 
1765. The original members numbered twenty-four. One is inclined to 
give Mr. Warner the credit of being its founder. He at all events wrote 
for it two appropriate addresses, which after being delivered at the winter 
meetings were subsequently published in pamphlet form.' The Society 
could boast also of a laureate in the person of Hugh Brodie, Longcraft, 
Lochwinnoch. His address, delivei'ed in January, 1769, took the form of 
what out of courtesy we may call a poem. The whole sixty verses may 
be found in Semple's Renfreivshire, p. IIG. Some idea of Mr. Brodie as a 
theologian, economist, and versifier, may be gathered from the following 
lines : — 

For man was taken by the hand. 
And led forth to improve the land ; 
Was promis'd bread, and got command, 

It should be drest : 
So farmers ought to understand 

What pains are best. 

Much more so in this present age, 

When farms are dear, and servants' wage'. 

The farmers' wisdom most engage. 

And vigilance. 
For support on this mortal stage, 

Till he's call'd hence. 

So, if to me you'll lend your lug, 
I'll tell you of a barren bog 
(Excepting short heath, bent and fog). 

It yielded nought, 
Till once you hear how I it dug, 

And how it wrought. 

The Society had two classes of members, those who elected to pay a pound 
once for all, and those who paid a yearly subscription of 2s. 6d. The 
entry fees amounted to 2s. 9d. Annual subscribers were not entitled to 



, p. 140. 

z 



186 KILBARCHAN. 

benefit until they had made three annual payments. Benefit varied from 
2s. to 4s. a week, and could be claimed by members who were disabled 
from working, by any sickness or affliction, not the effects of vice or riots, 
and were thereby reduced to straits. In 1794, scarcely thirty years after 
its inception, the capital fund of the Society amounted to £850. Froni 
this it may be inferred that the membeiship was very large, and that 
benefit was very seldom claimed. The statutory meetings of the Society 
were fixed for the first Fridays of January and July, N.S. At the former 
meeting office-bearers — the clerk and the beadle — were elected. 

The idea embodied in the Farmer Society soon became popular, and 
in less than a year — December, 1765 — the Kilbakchan General Society 
was started. Its constitution was much the same as the Farmer Society. 
The original members — heritors, merchants, tradesmen — were also twenty- 
four in numbei-. There were the same two classes of members, but in 
the case of annual subscribers five payments were necessary before benefit 
could be claimed. The annual payment was only Is. Benefit was on a 
somewhat lower scale, being 2s. 6d. or 3s. In 1794 the capital standing 
at the credit of the Society amounted to £400. Tlie statutory meetings 
were on the first Friday after Barchan's Day and the first Friday of June, 
N.S. 

The Bond of Association constituting the Kilbakchan Weaver 
Society was signed in February, 1766, by fifty-eiglit tradesmen [opera- 
tives] and others. Payment was on the same scale as in the General 
Society, and the benefit that could be claimed by one who was bedfast 
was 3s. a week, and by one confined to his room, 2s. until recovery. This 
Society did not become wealthy like its sisters. In 1794 Maxwell says it 
had accumulated but little capital owing to excessive burdens, but during 
the twenty-eight years of its existence it had been of great use in reliev- 
ino- distress. The dates of its business meetings were the first Fridays of 
February and August, N.S. 

The charter of the Masonic Lodge St. Barchan bears the date 1st 
November, 1784. Its number on the roll of the Grand Lodge was origin- 
ally 208 ; it is now 156. The office-bearers whose names appear in the 
Charter are the following: — James Houston, E.W.M. ; James Laird, 
D.M. ; Gaven Herbertson, S.W. ; Robert Speir, J.W. ; John Honeyman, 
Sec. ; James M'Kechney, Treas. ; John Clerk, S.S. ; Matthew Stewart, 
J.S. ; George Davidson, T. 



CHAPTEE XL 

KlLBAKCHAN BaROXIES AND THE FaMILY HISTORIES OF THE BaRONS.' 



It was the hereditarj' ownership of land, not the acquisition of title, that constituted the true 
aristocracy to which the common people looked up. — Hill Burton's History of Si-otland, viii. p. 187. 

CtJNiNOHAME OF Craigend.s — Connection with tlie Earl of Glencairn — The Shake-Fork — Legends 
and Tlieories — Pedigree 1160-1418 a.d. — Ciininghame-Montgomerie feud — Slaughter of the 
second Laird — Gabriel, who fell at Pinkie — The fifth Laird's public appointments — The 
Mayoralty of fees and Coronership — A Divinity Professor at Craigends — Craigends, the 
Diarist, in the Edinburgh Tolbooth — Members of Parliament — Subsequent lairds : Craufurd 
OF AucHiNAMES — Connection with the Earl of Loudoun — The two lances in Saltire — Founda- 
tion of St. Katharine's Chapel — Robert, who fell at Flodden — The seventh Laird as a neigh- 
bour — Gadgirth as a tnlchan — The last will and testament of Lady Auchinames — A markige de 
convenance — The sixteenth Laird sells Auchinames — Subsequent history : Sempill of Castle 
Sempill — Connection with Kilbarchan — The nine Sempill.s of Elliestoun — Foundation of the 
Collegiate Church of Sempill — The Baronies of Craginfeauch and of Sempill — The Great Lord 
Sempill — His part in the Cuninghame-Montgomerie feud — The siege of Castle Sempill — The 
romantic career of Colonel William Sempill — Sale of the Sheriffdom — Sale of the Lordship of 
Castle Sempill — The twelfth lord at Culloden — Subsequent history. 



J. — Caninghame of Craigends. 

The records of a parisli would be manifestly incomplete if no special 
notice were taken of the old and historical families which for centuries 
have owned a home in the Parish and have given, generation after genera- 
tion, of their sons to share in the deliberations of the great national 



"The Parish of Kilbarchan was not divided into Baronies, but there were three 
which comprehended a large part of the Parish. The above title has been chosen because it affords 
a convenient head under which an account may be given of two distinctively Kilbarchan families 
^^Cuninghame and Craufurd, and of a third — Sempill — which was also intimately connected with 
Kilbarchan. A Barony was a large landowner's possessions, not necessarily in one Parish nor 
even in one County, which by Royal Charter were grouped together for certain civil and adminis- 
trative purposes. The Baron was the landowner or the superior of these possessions, who in 
person or by his hailie held a court at which were decided most of the pleas, civil and criminal, 
which arose within the bounds of his possessions or jurisdiction. The office of Baron was heredi- 
tary. If the Baron landlord sold his land the purchaser became the Baron if he obtained a 
charter of Barony. 

187 



188 KILBARCHAX. 

councils and to fight and die for their country on the field of battle. Of 
such Kilbarchan families not the least distinguished is that of Cuning- 
HAME OF Craigends, and to it unquestionably belongs the honour of the 
first place, not solely on the grounds of its remarkable antiquity and its 
survival in its old home to the present day, but because of the intimate and 
sympathetic connection its members have ever maintained with parochial 
affliirs. 

William Cuninghame, first Laird of Craigends, was a younger son of 
Alexander, first Earl of Glencairn, and became proprietor ot Craigends in 
1479. If the Earldom of Glencairn were not dormant, the Craigends 
family would be properly described as a cadet branch of the premier family, 
and it might sufiice for us to trace it from the point where it springs from 
the parental stock. Since the Earldom is at present in abeyance, how- 
ever, the House of Craigends becomes entitled to a very much longer 
pedigree as a very old, if not indeed the oldest, surviving family of the 
name of Cuninghame. 

The various accounts given of the origin of the Cuninghames are 
manifestly fanciful, being mere theories in explanation of the principal 
feature in their shield — a shake-fork. Of these four may be noted : — 

(1.) The Shake-fork is said to be an imitation of the episcopal pall 
carried by the See of Cantei'bury. It was adopted by one of the knights 
who slew Thomas a Becket in 1170. He fled to Scotland, took up his 
abode in the district of Cunningham (which may mean King's Dwelling) 
and became known as Neil Cunningham. Being fortunate enough to save 
the life of King William the Lion he was ennobled, received a grant of 
the lauds of Lambroughton, and became ancestor of the various families of 
the name of Cuninghame. 

(2.) Cuninghame is said to be a variation of Comyn, and the Shake- 
fork of the former is therefore but a debased and inverted representation 
of " the two extended arms holding in the hands a sheaf of grain," which 
is the salient feature in the ai'ms of the latter. 

(3.) There is a legend that on one occasion when Malcolm, afterwards 
King Malcolm Canmore, was fleeing from the faction of Macbeth he was 
compelled to seek refuge in a barn, and an adherent — Malcolm, son of 
Friskin — concealed the fugitive by forking straw over him. When in 
1058 Malcolm became King, he rewarded his preserver by creating him 
Thane of Cunningham. The family so ennobled adopted as their name 
Cuninghame, as their arms a Shake-fork, and as their motto " Over, Fork 
Over." 



BARONS AND BARONIES— CPvAIGENDS. 189 

(4.) According to another authority, the Cuninghaiiies held the office 
of "Master of the Horse " to the King of Scotland, and the Shake-fork 
was the appropriate emblem of this office. 

The earlier pedigree, accordiiig to Nisbet, is as follows : — 

I. — Wernebald [ab. IIOO] possessed the lauds of Kihnaurs. 

II. — Robert [ab. 1162] with consent of Richinda, his spouse, 
daughter and heiress of Humphrey Barclay of Garntilly, mortified the 
lands of Glenferchartland to the Abbey of Arbroath — gave the village of 
Cunningham, the Kirk of Kihnaurs, and half a carrucate of land belong- 
ing to the said kirk to the Abbey of Kelso ; these gifts were confirmed 
by Richard Morville, Constable of Scotland. 

II f. — Robert. 

IV. — Stephen [ab. 1174], one of the hostages given to Henry II. of 
England for King William the Lion's liberation. 

V. — Richard, witness to a charter of Allan of Galloway in favour of 
Hugh Crawford. 

VI.— Fergus [ab. 1233]. 

VII. — Henry or Hervey [ab. 1263] was confirmed in the lands 
of Kihnaurs by King Alexander III. ; he behaved with great bravery at 
the Battle of Largs. 

[VII. b — Sir William, mentioned by some about 1275.] 

VIIL— Edward [ -1290]. 

IX. — GiEMORE or Gilbert [ab. 1296] renounced the league with 
France and swore allegiance to Edward I. of England. 

X. — Sir Robert [ab. 1330], though he had formerly sworn fealty to 
Edward became a tbilower of the Bruce, and from him obtained a charter 
to the lands of Lambroughtun. 

XL- — William [ab. 1354] proposed as one of the hostages for King 
David II., married Eleanor Bruce and was for a time known as Earl of 
Carrick. 

XII. — Sir William [ -1418], second son of XL, but not by 
Eleanor Bruce, was known as Sir William Cunincdiam of Kilmaurs. 



190 ' KILBAKCHAN. 

He acquired in 1384 the lands of Walterstoun or Waterstone (in Kilbar- 
chan) from William Waterstone of that ilk. In 1405 he married 
Margaret, daughter and heiress of Sir Robert Dennistoun of Dennistoun, 
and through her became possessor of the lands of Dennistoun and the 
Barony of Fiidaystone, which also included lands now in Kilbarchan. 
Sir William founded the Collegiate Church of Kihnaurs [1403] and 
granted to the Abbey of Kilwinning the lands of Grange. His name 
occurs as witness to several charters of King Robert H. He was present 
at the head of his vassals at the Battle of Harlaw [1411]. 

Xni. — PtOBERT [1418- ] was one of the Barons in the Parliament 
which tried the Duke of Albany and his sons [1425]. In 1425 he 
married Anna, eldest daughter of Sir John Montgomerie (Lord Ardrossan), 
and obtained with her as dowry a life-rent of the Bailiary of Cunningham 
and of the Chamberlainship of Irvine, hereditary offices which had belonged 
to the Montgomeries since 1366 and 1370. In 1448, perhaps on Sir 
Robert Cuningham's death, these offices were bestowed by Crown Charter 
on Alexander, eldest son of the first Lord Montgomerie. The Cuning- 
hames felt aggrieved at this, and hence arose the Cuninghame-Mont- 
gomerie feud, which lasted for about a hundred and fifty years, in spite of 
royal letters, decrees arbitral, and various other expedients to which 
recourse was had to reconcile the principals. All the neighbouring gentry 
took sides in the quarrel ; the Sempills were with the Montgomeries, the 
Craufurds and Maxwells with the Cuningliame.s. In 1488 Keriielaw, a 
stronghold of the Cuninghames, was razed to the ground by Hugh Lord 
Montgomerie, and in the course of the next thirty-five years no fewer 
than twenty-two " spulzies " or raids were made by the Cuninghames. 
In 1526 Cuningham of Auchenharvie, and two years later Cuningham of 
Waterstone were slain by Lords Eglintoun and Sempill, upon which 
William Master of Glencairn raised all his friends and allies and made a 
furious inroad into the Montgomerie lands. They destroyed in their pro- 
gress not only houses but even the cornfields, and finally burned Eglintoun 
Castle itself with all the ancient records of the family. In 1533 William, 
second laird of Craigends, was slain by some of Lord Sempill's adherents, 
and thirty years later his grandson was wounded by the Master of Mont- 
gomerie. In 1580 Montgomerie of Skelmorlie slew Maxwell of Stanelie, 
whose mother was a Cuninghame, and shot a brother of Glencairn's at his 
own gate ; in revenge for this Maxwell of Newark slew Skelmorlie and 
bis son in one day. In 1586 Hugh, fourth Earl of Eglintoun, was slain 



BAKOXS AND BARONIES— CRAIGENDS. 191 

by Cuninghame of Aket. The feud did not come to an end until 1G09, 
when the principals and many of their retainers were summoned to Edin- 
burgh, and compelled to shake hands and give heavy securities that they 
would keep the peace. 

XIV. — Alexander [ -14SS], created by James II. Lord Kil- 
maui's, and by James III. Earl of Glencairn, fell at the Battle of Sauchie- 
burn fighting on the Royal side. He was married to a daughter of Lord 
Lindsay; the second son of this marriage was William, first laird of 
Craigends. Possibly " Gilbert Cwnyngara, tenant of Auchynh (Auchans) " 
in 1460, was another of his sons. 

This family failed in the male line in the person of John, fifteenth 
Earl of Glencairn, who died at Coats, near Edinburgh, and was buried in 
St. Cuthbert's Churchyard in 179G. 

Craigends Family. 

I. — William^ [1479-1520]' received from his father the lands from 
which the family takes its distinguishing title. " William Conyngham of 
Ovyr Cragayns " was one of the oversmen called in by the original arbiters 
to settle the dispute between the Burgh of Renfrew and the Abbey of 
Paisley [1488]. 

Craigends held several public appointments such as Comptroller of 
the Burgh of Dumbarton and Steward of the Lordship of Kilmarnock. 
Probably it was in his official capacity as such that he is mentioned in 
connection with the expenses incuiTed by King James IV. in his visits to 
the Highlands : — 

1497-9. — Put to the credit of '\\ illiam Cmij'nghame of Craginche in part payment of 
the expenses of the King at Louch Kynkerane in Kyntir, ... ... £53 6s. 8d. 

and in part payment of the expense of the King at the Castle 

ofTerbart, ... ... ... ... ... ... ... £35 10s. Od.» 

He was twice married, (1) to Elizabeth Stewart of Arthurlie (by which 
marriage he acquired the lands of Arthurlie, Partick, and Yoker *), and had 
issue — 

' Egliuton Papers, No. 5G. 

= The dates within square brackets are the year of succession and the year of death. 
^Accounts of the Lords High Treasurer ; also Exchequer Rolls. 

■•Charter by James III. to Elizabeth S., Domina de Park and William C. her 
(Craigends Piipers). 



192 KILBARCHAN. 

1. William, who succeeded. 

1. Janet, who maiTied (1) Sir Patrick Houstouri of tliat ilk, and 

(2) the Laird of Newark. 

2. , who married, the Laird of Boquhannan. 

and (2) to dame Marion (or Mariote) Auchinleck (or Affleck), daughter and 
heiress of Sir John Auchinleck and widow of Sir John Campbell of 
Loudoun, Sheriff of Ayr, and had issue a son David, ancestor of the 
Cuninghams of Robertland, who though he did not succeed to his 
mother's patrimony (it was given by King James IV. to Boswell, ancestor 
of Dr. Johnson's biographer), was otherwise provided for. David 
Cuningham of Barthenholm's name occurs frequently in the Exchequer 
Rolls [1523-36] in connection with payments made to him by the Bailies 
of Irvine and also as Steward of the Lordship of Stewarton. 

The fess cheque which forms part of the Craigends coat of arms is 
owing to the laird's first marriage connecting him with the Stewarts. 
The contract of his second marriage is preserved, and may be found all 
the more interesting because it deals with a double event, the heir marry- 
ing Lady Campbell's daughter by her first husband. 

II. — William [1520-33], was slain along with his servant, Robert 
Allanesoun, in one of the encounters with the Montgomerie faction. 
Strenuous efforts were made by his son, Gabriel, to bring the guilt home 
to Lord Sempill and his adherents, but without success. Five persons of 
meaner station expiated the offence on the scaffold : — 

Nov. 12, 15.33.— Alexander Pyncartoune and John Bryntschele convicted of art and 
part in the cruel slaughter of the Laird of Craganis and his servant BEHEADED. 

Feb. 23, 1534. — John Stewart, cousin of the Laird of Barskib, Mathew Sympill 
servant of the Laird of Stanlee, and James Kirkwood, dwelling at the Kirk of Kilbarchane. 
convicted as ahove BEHEADED,' 

The actual murderer is said to have been Gabriel Sempill of Cathcart and 
Ladymuir. 

The second laird married Geilis (or Egidia) Campbell, according to 
liis father's contract. There was issue as follow, — 

1. Gabriel. 

2. William,- for whom his mother acquired the lands of Cairncurran 

(Carruth) from John, Lord Lyle, in 1544, and who was ancestor 
of the Cuninghames of Cairncurran. 

1 Pitcairn's Criminal Trials. - Renwick's Glasij. Portocvh, Pt. ii. No. 301. 



Ol.h HorsK OF CKAiGKXDS, 



CKAIGIIXDS^ 



BAROXS AXD BARONIES— CRAIGENDS. 193 

3. Robert, who was ancestor of the Cunuighames of Baidland, 

Auchinharvie and Southook ; he married Christian Park, and 
their daughter Janet married George Houstoun, and from 
them are descended the Houstouns of Park.^ 

4. A son. of whom nothing is recorded. 

1. Janet, who married David Stewart of Castlemilk. 

2. Beatrix, who married John Porterfield, first laird of Duchil. 

3. Catherine, who married (1) the Laird of Bavine and (2) John 

"Wallace of Eldei-slie. 

4. Geillis, who married John Craufurd of Auchinames. 
5 Marion, who married George Maxwell of Newark. 

Another authorlt}^ mentions marriage connections with the Lairds of 
Whiteford (Quhytford) and Stainlie, but it is uncertain whether the 
brides were other daughters or that some of the above made second 
marriages. 

III.— Gabriel [1533-47], fell at the Battle of Pinkie [10th Sept., 
1547]. One whose name was very nearly the same leased Auchans from 
Paisley Abbey : — 

Mar. 5, 1'539. — Auchynche is let to Gilbert Cn-ynghame of Craganys at a rent payable 
to us and our successors of i merks with 2 doz. fowls and other services use and wont. 

He married Elizabeth, daughter of William Livingston of Kilsyth and 
grand-daughter of Sir Duncan Forrester of Garden, Comptroller of the 
Household to King James IV., and had issue : — 

1. William. 

2. James, ancestor of the Cuninghames of Auchinyards. 

1. Janet, who married Sir Patrick Houstoun of Houston. 

2. Elizabeth, who married Andrew Stirling of Portnallan and Law. 

Possibly Robert Stirling, Minister of Kilbarchan [1593-1605], 
was a son or grandson of this lady. 

According to C. K. Sharpe's Genealogy of the Craigends Family, the elder 
daughter married the Laird of Fordoun and the younger the Laird of 
Crogarnock ; of course ladies who have the misfortune to be widowed 
sometimes marrv a second time. 



1 Craigends Papers. Charters by John, Earl of Marr and Lord Erskine. 

a2 



194 KILBARCHAN. 

IV. — William^ [1547-68], was one of twenty Earls, Lords and 
Barons who signed a bond to recognise Henry Lord Darnley and Mary as 
Sovereigns [Sept. 5, 1565]. He was cautioner to the Privy Council 
for the appearance of John Wallace of Cragy, and when that gentle- 
man did not appear Cuninghame received notice to produce him." 

He married Margaret Cunningham of Cunninghamhead, and had 
issue : — 

1. Alexander (born 1562). 

2. William, a Writer to the Signet. 

3. John of Rawis, who was presented to the Vicarage of Kilbarchan 

in 1585. 

4. Gabriel. 

1. Grizle, who married Lord Lamington of Lich. 

2. Elizabeth, who married the goodman of Grange. 

3. Janet. 

On being left a widow, Margaret Cunningham married (2) the Laird of 
Inchmarten, and being again widowed, (3) Paul Dog of Dunrobiu. 

V.^ — Alexander [1568-1615], like the rest of the nobility and gentry 
of the time, profited to some extent by the overthrow of the old Church 
at the Reformation — obtaining from John Hamilton, Abbot of Paisley, 
" in return for sums of money paid in a time of difficulty " the lands of 
Auchynis' (Auchans) and from Master John Makquhin, the Vicar, the 
church lands of the vicarage of Kilbarchan'; he and his cousin, Cun- 
ningham of Ptobertland, were tacksmen of the teind of Kilmaurs in 1599 
and for several succeeding years.' The explanation of these transactions, 
so utterly impossible to-day, is that the Ptoman Catholic clergy at the 
time of the Pieformation, seeing what was coming, made haste to make 
the best provision they could for themselves, by alienating church lands on 
long leases or feus, receiving for themselves so much money down. The 
property market was at the time glutted on account of this policy, and 
lands and teinds could be had on very easy terms. 

It appears that he was known by the unique title of " Laird of Kil- 
barchan," and that the Baron's court at which he presided was held at 

1 Renwick's Glasg. Protocols, Pt. ii., Nos. 300, 303, 701, 804, 1331-3, 1420. 

2 Reg. of Privy Conn., Mar. 24, 1564. 3 Reg. Mag. Sig., iii., No. 2411. 
4 Reg. Mag. Sig., iii., No. 2412. 5 Paterson's SempiUs of Beltrees. 



BARONS AND BARONIES— CRAIGENDS. 195 

Kilbarchan.^ From the title of one of Robert Sempill's (Beltrees) poems, 
" Epitaph on Sanny Briggs, nephew to Halabie Simpson, and butler to the 
Laird of Kilbarchan," we conclude that the nephew, and perhaps the more 
famous uncle also, were retainers of the Craigends family. 

Tliis laird held several public appointments. As the local representa- 
tive of the Chancellor (Lauderdale) he denounced Cunningham of 
Southerick rebel [13 Aug., 151)0] ; he was one of the Commissioners for 
Renfrewshire [3 Nov., IGOO]; he was one of those charged with the 
duty of bringing William Montgomerie, a writer (possibly of Weitlands), 
who was accused of manslaughter, to the Edinburgh Tolbooth [13 July, 
1609]; and he is mentioned as one of the fifteen Justices of Peace for 
Renfrewshire [1610-5].- It is likely that he held the post, which his son 
afterwards held, of " Coroner and Mayor of fees for the Western Ward of 
Strathgryffe and the Upper Ward of Renfrew." 

It may have been in the discharge of some of his public duties that 
he was compelled to make at least a show of trying to bring to justice the 
mmxlerers of the Earl of Eglinton, and so drew down upon himself the 
animosity of his own faction :— 

Mar. 8, 1585-6. — Bond by James Earl of Glencairn to keep unhurt and unpursued 
Alexander Cuninghame of Craigans.' 

Sept. 17, 1589. — Bond of Caution by William Glen of Bar for James, Eail of Glen- 
cairn, that he will not harm Alexander Cuninghame of Craiganis, James Millair, Johnne 
Millair, Johne Young, — Wilsoun, Patrik Fishear, John Wattersoun tenants to the said 
Alexander in the lands of Manniswra, Halhill, Lyntijuhyte, Knappis and Mylne of 
Lochir.' 

Alexander had many other enemies, for no fewer than fifty-two persons 
(Mures, Howies, and Boyds) were in 1594 bound over not to harm him.'* 
In 1572 when Robert Lord Sempill was made Lieutenant General and 
Justice of Lanark and Ptenfrew, Alexander Cuninghame of Craigends, 
and Hew Cuninghame of Waterstoun, were expressly exempted from liis 
lordship's jurisdiction, probably on the plea that they could not expect 
justice at his hands." 

Justice of Peace though he was, there is evidence that he did not 
scruple to execute private vengeance on those to whom he bore a 
grudge :— 



Paterson's Semjiills of BeUrecs. '-' Ileg. of Priv. Couit. 

* Ibid. = Ibid. « Ibid. 



19G KILBAECHAN. 

Oct. 11, 1591. — Robert Hamilton of Eglishmanchane security in 2000 merks that 
Alexander Cuninghame of Craigends will not harm "William C'uningham of Tourlandis. 

Jan. 6, 1592-3. — John Quhytford of that ilk cautioner in X2000 that Craigends will 
not barm James Barclay, servant to Cuningham of Glengarnock. 

June 8,, 1601. — Alexander Cuninghame of Craiganis as principal, and Johnne Wallace 
of Meaneford as surety in 2000 merks not to harm PauU Dog of Dunrobene.^ 

The ]ast entry shows that the Laird resented his mother's third matri- 
monial adventure and alarmed his step-father by threats. 

In this iaird's time the great Cuninghame-Montgomerie feud came 
to an end : — 

Mar. 10, 1598-9. — Certain individuals of hoth factions, among them Craigends, are charged 
to appear before the King and Council to underlie such orders as shall be given them for 
keeping gude reull and quietnes amangis thame. 

Jy. 10, 1608. — Some variance having fallen out between Robert Lord Sempill and 
Alex. Cuninghame of Craigens there is order to charge both parties under pain of rebellion 
to subscribe within twenty-four hours some form of mutual assurance as shall be presented 
to them to endure until Aug. 1, 1609. 

Feb. 28, 1509. — Certain individuals of both factions, among them Craigends and his brother 
Gabriel, are commanded to come to Edinburgh on March 14 and 15. 

Mar. 16, 1609. — Before the decree was made known it was required of parties that 
they forgive one another for all " bloodis slauchteris and mutillationis." They consented 
and in public audience exchanged hands declaring " their chopping of handis sould be als 
sufficient for all those on ather side quho were absent and were gultie of ony of the said 
bloodis as gif they were present and had choppit handis with thame." 

The lands iu Renfi'ewshire to which this laird obtained sasine from 
the superior are as follows": — Wester Craganis with tower, manor, and 
yards, Caymhill, Manniswraye, Lyntquhite, Lochirside, Lochirmylne, £10 
fron: the lands of Waterstoune, Nethir Dennestoune, Kiiappis with mill, 
and 3^ merk land O.E. of Waterstone, occupied by John Black, Malcolm 
Patersoun, William Roger, Ptobert Conyghame. He also had a house in 
Glasgow on the east side of Dryegait.^ 

He married (1) in 1583 Grissel, relict of the Laird of Mochrim, but 
this lady died without issue ; and (2) Lady Elizabeth, daughter of 
William, sixth Earl of Glencairn, and widow of James Craufurd of 
Auchinames. By the second marriage he had three sons, William (born 
1585), Alexander, and James. 



Rey. of Privy Conn. = Renwick's Glas. Protocols, ii. No. 1597, ' Ibid. No. 2837. 



BAKONS xVND BARONIES— CRAIGENDS. 197 

VI. — William [1G 15-47], though in later hfe he occupied puhlic 
positions of importance, began the administration of his patrimony with 
commendable humility and caution. On being required to find caution 
to Sir Ludovick Houstoun and John Mudie, his tenant, under lawburrows 
for 3000 merks, he complained that the sum was excessive for one wlio is 
" bot ane meane gentilman, and is nather ane lord nor ane grite barromi ;" 
and he got his pledge modified to 1000 merks as a freeholder [4 Jy., 1620]. 
A few months later on having to find caution to Patrick Craufurd of 
Auchinames in 2000 mei'ks he reiterates his complaint, and the pledge is 
modified to £1000, which was the same as "ane lord or grite ban-oun " 
[21 Nov., 1620].^ 

By a charter of Charles, Prince of Wales and Baron Renfrew 
[20 Nov., 1621], the Craigends possessions were incorporated into a free 
barony, and the Place of Craigends appointed to be the principal 
messuage. In 1622 Craigends already occupied the post of Coroner and 
Mayor of fees for the Western Ward of Strathgrylfe and the Upper Ward of 
Renfrew. Between 1624-7 he was one of those appointed — to take on 
trial John Edmond, Kilbirnie, a thief who was discovered in the " Plaice 
of Gairtnes with a pocketful of irnis and fals keyis .... " — to put 
in execution the Acts of Parliament prohibiting the destruction of "rid 
fishe, smoltis and frye of salmond," and to apprehend Stewart of 
Pitchevles for slaying two brothers. Maxwells of Newark." 

In 1643 Craigends and John Shaw of Greenock were sent by the 
barons and freeholders of Renfrewshire to represent them in the Scottish 
Parliament. 

He married (l) Elizabeth Stewart of Castle Milk, a second cousin, by 
whom he had issue — 

1. William, who was born in 1603, but died before his father, having 

married, however, and left issue. 

2. Archibald, who acquired the lands of Craigbet, Torr and Threiply, 

and married Isobel Craufurd of Kilbirnie. 

3. Gabriel, who was educated at St. Andrews University and licensed 

by the Presbytery of Paisley [Jy. 5, 1638] and was Minister of 
Moniabrock (Kilsyth); he married Jean Blair of Blair. 

4. James, of Bridge-end, Calder, and Langyairds. . 



^ Hey. of Privy Conn. 



128 KILBARCHAN. 

1. Margaret, who married William Napier of Merchistou. 

2. Janet, who married John Cranfurd of Craufurdland. 

3. Agnes, who married (1) John Hamilton, (2) Wallace of Ferguslie. 

4. Jeane, who married James Roherton, commissary of Hamilton. 

5. Elizabeth, who married Sir John Cunningham of Gilbertfield. 
and (2) Annas Chisholm of Cromlix, widow of John Napier of Merchiston, 
the inventor of Logarithms. There was a triple marriage connection 
between the Napiers and the family of Craigends — a daughter of this lady 
being married to Williaui, the heir, and a son to Margaret Cuninghame. 

William Cuninghame, younger of Craigends, married Elizabeth 
Napier of Merchiston, and left issue, — 

1. Alexander (born 1626). 

2. William, Laird of Bootstoun, who married Anna Montgomerie of 

Skelmorlie. 

3. John, who went to County Antrim. 

4. Archibald, merchant in Dantzic. 

1. Jean, who married John Maxwell of Dargavel. 

2. Anne, who married (1) John Shaw of Bargarren,^ and (2) James 

Hamilton of Overshiels. 

3. Elizabeth, who married (1) John Maxwell of Southbar, and (2) 

James Brisbane of Selvieland (ob. 1636). 

Vn. — Alexander [1647-90], succeeded his grandfather. He was a 
good churchman, and suffered during the persecution of the Presby- 
terians [1662-88]. Having contributed through Sir John Cochran of 
Ochiltree, son of the Earl of Diindonald, to the necessities of Archibald, 
Earl of Argyll, then an exile in Holland, he was apprehended. His son 
also was apprehended, simply because he had been seen in conversation 
with Alexander Porterfield of Duchal, who was suspected of disloyalty. 
Both were imprisoned in the Tolbooth of Edinburgh, and an exorbitant 
fine was demanded of them. On the 11th September, 1685, the Laird of 
Craigends, yoiniger, " is allowed to be liberate from prison under a bond 
of i^4000 Stg. to re-enter 1st Nov. " ; and on 8th November he was 
again " liberate to re-enter 1st Jan. next that he may attend on his 
affairs in the session and use means for procuring his fine." - 

1 Ante, p. Ul. = Wodrow's Hisiorij, IV., pp. 136, 141-5, 212. 



BARONS AND BARONIES— CRAIGENDS. 19!) 

A celebrated divine of the period, Professor David Dickson, on one 
occasion visited at Craigends, and James Stirling records the gist of his 
conversation. "He (the Laird)," he says, "told me that he (Mr. Dick- 
son) marked to him how such a tree or plant was budding now, and 
blossoming, and after some time it would fade ; and so he would discourse 
to the young laird of the vanity of earthly things ; so that he was made 
to admire the way Mr. Dickson had with him, it was so pleasant and 
gaining. He told him he heard a good report of him, that he was a 
seeker of God in his family, and entreated him to hold on his way, for 
that would be his greatest glory and renown." ' 

At the age of nineteen he married his cousin Janet Cuninghame of 
Auchinyards, and left issue — 

1. William (born 1G4G). 

1. Margaret. 

2. Elizabeth, who married George Houstoun of Johnstone in 1671. 

3. Rebecca, who married John Hamilton of Grange. 

4. Janet, who married John Alexander of Blackhouse. 

5. Marion, who married Alexander Porterfield of Fulwood. 

6. Anna (ob. Jy. 28, 1694). 

Vni. — William [1690-1727], is the Kilbarchan gentleman who has 
been considered worthy of having a chapter devoted to himself" On four 
occasions [1689-95] he was elected by the barons and freeholders of Ren- 
frewshire to represent them in the Scottish Parliament. Apparently he 
was more than two centuries in advance of his time, for he considered that 
members of Parliament should be paid for their services. The bill he 
tendered to his constituents, which is extant, is dated " Craigends, Oct. 
26, 1696." It appears he had spent upon his Parliamentary duties 366 
days, and for each day he charges £5 Scots. This was certainly not 
extortionate, for pulpit supply at Killellan about this time cost £4 
Scots a Sunday. The total sum, £1830 Scots, he apportions amongst 
the 34 heritors of the county according to their respective valuations. 
It is doubtful whether he I'eceived payment. He was one of the 
commissioners appointed in connection with the case of Christian Shaw, 
" to interrogate and imprison persons suspected of witchcraft " [19 Jan., 
1697] and " to take trial of, judge and do justice upon the suspected 
witches, to sentence the guilty to be burned or otherwise executed to 

1 Wodrow's Analeda. - Ante, pp. 105-117. 



200 KILBARCHAN. 

death" [5 Ap., 1697y It was he or his father who presided at the 
meetino;' of heritors at the Kirktoune of Kilbarchan in 1688 which re- 
solved to erect a kirk or meeting-house for Presbyterian service, and to 
Craigends was committed " the chairg and oversight of the heall work.^ 
He was still alive, though probably it was his son who attended the 
meetings and signed the documents, wlien Kilbarchan Church was 
rebuilt in 1724. When Kilbarchan was erected into a Burgh of Barony 
in 1704, the office of Chief Magistrate fell to him, and he was one of 
those who were entrusted with the duty of making up the Poll Tax Roll 
for Kilbarchan. 

He married (1 ) the Honourable Anne, daughter of Lord Ruthven and 
relict of Sir William Cuningham of Cunninghamhead, and by her had no 
issue; and (2) Christian Colquhoun of Luss, by whom he had issue — 

1. Alexandei', born 1690. 

2. William, merchant in Glasgow and in Jamaica (ob. 1742), who 

married (1) Martha Robison, by whom he had a daughter Mar- 
garet, and (2) Agnes, sister of Sir James Campbell of Houston. 

3. John. 

4. James, who died unmarried in 1 744. 

1. Lilias,'* who married Thomas Wallace of Cairnhill. 

2. Janet, who died unmarried. 

3. Magdalen, who married Mungo Campbell of Netherplace. 

4. Elizabeth, who married Gabriel Porterfield of Hapland. 

IX. — Alexander [1727-42] represented the County in Parliament 
for at least eight years (1734-42). Unlike his father he bound and 
obliged himself " to serve in Parliament for the shire gratis and without 
fee." 

He married (1) Anne, daughter of Sir John, the last Houstoun of 
Houston, and by her had issue — 



Willi 



am. 



1. Ciiristian, who married Boyd Porterfield of Duchal. 

2. Margaret. 



1 Witches of Rci,frewshh-e, pp. 125, 131. 2 Arde, p. 104. 

3 This is probably the lady whose name survives in connection with the Kilb.irchan Summer 
Fair— Lily's Day — which falls on the third Tuesday of July, O.S. 



BARONS AND BARONIES— CRAIGENDS. 201 

3. Lilias. 

4. Joanna, wlio married Claud Alexander of Newton. 

and (2) Kathei-ine, sister of Sir James Campbell of Houston and relict of 
Provost Aird of Glasgow. 

X. — William [1742-G5] was Captain in Colonel Leigh's Regiment 
and served with it in Holland. On succeeding he found the family estate 
irretrievably embarrassed through his father having become boinid for Sir 
John Houstoun's debts. The estate was therefore judicially sold, and was 
bought by his stepmother, Katherine Campbell, who entailed it on the 
heirs, male and female, of her late husband, and iiiiling these on the heirs 
of William, Earl of Glencairn. 

The Laird afterwards added the two Fultons and Park of Erskine to 
his property. He was a man of considerable enterprise, and lived at a 
time of genei'al industrial and agricultural progress. According to 
William Semple he worked the coal and lime on his estate, opened 
quarries, planted trees, and enclosed his land. He married his cousin 
Margaret, daughter of his uncle William and Martha Robison, and had 
three sons — Alexander, William, and John — who each lived to be Laird 
of Craigends. 

XL — Alexander [17G5-90], in addition to the Renfrewshire estates 
seems to have owned rich properties in the West Indies. He continued 
the improvements which his father had begun. William Semple, who 
wrote in 1782, gives a glowing account of the orchard and garden, the 
terraced walks and lime tree avenue then being laid out at Craigends. 
It is interesting to know that at this time five acres within the policies 
were under a tobacco crop. 

He married Anne, daughter of William Macdowall of Garthland and 
Castle Semple, and had one son, William, who died in infancy. 

XII. — William [1790-2], brother of the above, was a Captain in 
the 7Gth Regiment, and died unmarried in Jamaica, while preparing to 
come to Craigends. 

XIII.— John [1792-1822], brother of the above (born Feb. 5, 1759), 
was a Captain in the 94th Regiment. 

He married (l) Frances, daughter of Sir James Maxwell of Pollock, 
and by her had no issue, and (2) Margaret, daughter of Sir William 

b2 



202 KILBARCHAN. 

Cuningham of Robeitland and widow of Captain Maxwell of Pollock, and 
by her had issue as follows : — 

1. William. 

2. Alexander. 

3. John, a merchant in London, who married Rosa Cuningham. 

4. Boyd Alexander, Australia, who married Mary Wilkinson, and 

had issue four sons and seven daughters, of whom one is 
the present Countess of Eglinton, and another is Mrs. Pearson. 

5. Robert Charles, a settler in New South Wales. 

1. Ann Colquhoun, who married (1) Dr. Monteith, and (2) in 1831, 

John, seventh Duke of Argyll. 

2. Margaret, who married in 1833 Roger Duke of Newpark, Co. 

Sligo, and had four sons and three daughters. 

3. Frances Maxwell, who married John Lennox Kincaid Lennox of 

Woodside, and had one son and three daughters. 

4. Lilias, who married in 1831 William Bonar of Easter Warrieston 

and had one daughter. 

5. Janet Lucretia, who died in childhood. 

6. Williamina, who married Rev. Dr. Main of Edinburgh, and died 

Oct. 21, 1887. 

XIV. — William [1822-52] was much given to antiquarian pur- 
suits. He read, arranged, and catalogued the family papers and wrote 
a monograph on his family. 

XV. — William [1852-58], son of the above, entered the Army in 
1855 as Lieutenant in the 11th Hussars, and retired in 1872, having 
served in India. He was appointed Major in the Royal Renfrew Militia 
in 1874, Lieutenant-Colonel in 1881, Honorary-Colonel 4th Butt. A. & 
S. H. in 1890. 

He married Mary Georgiana Oswald of Auchincruive, and has issue — 

1. William John, b. 1879. 

2. Gabriel. 

3. George Oswald Victor. 

1. Margaret Georgiana. 

2. Frances Mirabel. 

3. Mary Williamina. 

4. Grizle. 



BAEONS AND BARONIES— AUCHINAMES. 203 

Colonel Cuninghame sold the estate to his uncle, Alexander Cuning- 
hame, in 1858, and resides now at Belmont, Ayr. 

XVI. — Alexander [1858-G6], uncle of the above, had the old 
mansion house with its thick walls and secret recesses taken down and 
the present stately building erected. 

He married Janet, daughter of James M'Hardy of Glenboig, and had 
issue — 

1. John Charles. 

2. Alexander William, who died in infancy. 

XVII. • — John Charles [1866- ], represents the 27th generation 
from Warnebaldus, who flourished in the time of Edgar, King of Scotland, 
and William Rufus, King of England, the 13th from the first laird of 
Craigends, the 12th from the laird slain in the great feud, the 6th from 
Alexander who was imprisoned in the Tolbooth of Edinburgh, and the 5th 
from William, the diarist. 

He married, in 1901, his cousin once removed, Alison, daughter of 
the late Alexander L. Pearson, and grand-daughter of Commander Hugh 
Pearson, R.N., Kippenross Castle, Stirlingshire. 

The arms of Cuninghame of Craigends are : — Quarterly, 1st and 4th 
ar., a shade fork sa. ; 2nd and 3rd or, a fess cheque az. and ar. 
Crest. — An unicorn's head couped ar., horned and mained or. and gorged 
with a collar cheque ar. and az. Motto. — So Fork Forward. 



Il.—Cranfurd of Auchinames. 

The family of Craufurd of Auchinames was connected with Kilbar- 
chan for about four hundred years. They are descended from Reginald de 
Craufurd, Sheriff" of Ayr, who about the year 1200, married Margaret, 
daughter and heiress of James de Loudoun, and received a grant of 
the barony of Loudoun in the time of William the Lion. Sir Regi- 
nald died in 1226, and was succeeded by his son Sir Hugh who died 
in 1246, and was succeeded by his son, the second Sir Hugh. The 
daughter of the second Sir Hugh was the mother of Sir William Wallace 
of Elderslie, the patriot. The fourth Craufurd of Loudoun was named Sir 
Reginald. He was murdered at Ayr in 1297, leaving a son, Reginald 
also, whose daughter and heiress, Susan, married Sir Duncan Campbell of 
Lochawe and Redcastle, from whom the Earl of Loudoun is descended. 



204 KILBAECHAN. 

I. — The first Craufurd of Auchinames, originally known as Sir 
Reginald Craufurd of Crosbie, was the second son of the first Sir 
Hugh Craufurd, Baron of Loudoun and Sheriff of Ayr. For his services 
at the Battle of Bannockburn he was rewarded by King Robert the Bruce 
with a grant of tiie barony of Auchinames and with the privilege of adding 
to his shield two lances in saltire [ab. 1320]. 

11. — He was succeeded by his son, Reginald, whose name appears 
as witness to a charter by Robert, the High Steward [ab. 1358]. 

HI. — Thomas^ [ab. 1401], by a charter confirmed by King Robert 
III. at Arneall, 24th October, 1401, founded and endowed the altar and 
chapel of St. Katharine in the graveyard of Kilbarchan, the patronage of 
which, vested in himself, his heirs and successors, was a privilege much 
prized and jealously guarded by the family. " Thoma de Crawfurd de 
Hauinnamys " appears as witness to the deed by which William Urri 
resigned his rights to the lands of Fulton in favour of Paisley Abbey in 
1409.^ The family possessions at this time were as follows: — the £12 
lands O.E. of Auchinames, the £14 land of Corsbie, the £6 land of 
Manock and Gills, the 5 merk land of Auldmuir, and the 5 merk land of 
Whiteside.^ 

IV. — Archibald [ab. 1427], succeeded in terms of a charter con- 
firmed by King James I. in 1427, in which there is mention of the Third- 
part of Achinames and the third part of the mill thereof He married 
Mai-garet, daughter and co-heiress of Sir William Douglas of Piercetoun 
and had two sons, Robert the heir, and Thomas, ancestors of the 
Craufurds of Thirdpart. 

V. — Robert ^[ -1513], was twice married — (I) to Margaret 
Douglas, sister to Archibald, the great Earl of Angus, who married the 
widowed queen of James IV., the daughter of Henry VII. of England. 
Of this marriage there was born a daughter, Margaret, who married Semple 
of Noblestoun; (2) to Marion, daughter of Houstoun of Houston, by whom 
he had three sons, James, Henry, Robert. In a charter in their favour, 
dated February 23rd and 25th, 1483, the family possessions mentioned 
are, — Auchinames, the patronage of St. Katharine's Chapel, and Whiteside.'* 

^Eglinton Papers, p. 8, No. 10. " Beg. de Pass., pp. 56-8. ' AnU:, pp. 48, 49. 

*Eglinton Papers, p. 13, Noa. 22 and 24. ^ Reg. Mag. Sig., i. No. 1579. 



BARONS AND BARONIES— AUCHINAMES. 205 

In 1488, he acted as one of the oversmen in a dispute between the Abbot 
of Paisley and the Burgh of Renfiew/ He fell at the Battle of Flodden, 
9th September, 1513. 

VI. — James [1513- ], had three sons, Thomas, Henry, James. 
A charter in his favour to the lands of Corsbie and Manoch was granted 
by Sir James Campbell of Loudoun, July 12, 1498 ; which lands he 
resigned to the Master of Glencairn for a new infeftment in favour of 
Thomas, his son, October 20, 1533. He granted a charter to the lands 
of Whiteside in favour of William Wallace of Craigie, November 4, 1526. 

Entries to the following effect are to be found in Sir John Craufurd's' 
Protocol Book : — 

Robert Craufuid resigned into the hands of James Campbell of Loudon his lands of 
Corsbe and Munnock, and the superior granted them anew to James Craufurd, son of 
Robert. 

Instrument of sasine following thereon. 

James Crawford resigned into the hands of James, Earl of Moray, as Baron of 
Stevenston, his lands, which the superior granted to Thomas, son of James, and Katrine 
Montgumeri his spouse ; reserving frank tenement to James. 

James Craufurd granted a presentation [to St. Katharine's Chapel?] in favour of Sir 
John Craufurd, Notary and Chaplain of our Lady Chaplainry in Kylberchan. The pre- 
sentation was renewed by Thomas Crawfurd. The chaplain gave a loan of £100 to John 
Craufurd on the undestanding that he was not to be disturbed in the peaceable possession 
of the chaplainry. If the loan was not repaid, and if he was disturbed, the chaplain had 
power to poind and distrain for £200. 

VII. — Thomas [ -1544], was twice married, (l) to Elizabeth 
Cuninghame, daughter of the laird of Craigends : the marriage settlement 
has been preserved and is dated "At Craigends, 16th March, 1529 "; (2) 
to Marion [Katheriue ?] Montgomery, daughter of the laird of Hazlehead, 
by whom he had thx'ee sons — John, William, and Patrick — who lived to 
be respectively 8th, 9th, and 10th lairds of Auchinames. 

By a charter of James V., Oct. 2, 1539, he recovered possession of the 
lands of Auldmuir, which for a hundred years had apparently been lost 
to the family. 

He took the side of the Cuninghames against the Montgomeries in 
the great feud, and was charged, along with forty others, mostly Cuning- 
hames, of lying in wait with intent to murder William Lord Sempill. 

^Meg. de Pass., p. 407. 

= Chaplain of St. Katharine's Chapel, Notary Public, and probably a relative of the Auchi- 
names family. The Profucul Buok is preserved in the Register House, Edinburgh. 



206 KILBAKCHAN. 

Nor was this the only occasion on which he had to " thole the assize," for 
he was also accused of laying violent hands on, and holdino- captive at the 
Place of Auchinaraes, Thomas Craufurd, a chaplain, and of unjustly eject- 
ing Margaret Love, a widow, and her son from the lands of Kibhlestone, 
although they had a lease of them. Along with his brother, James, he 
was accused of attacking and murdering a man of the name of John 
White. He was also the victim of a conspiracy, — for John Walker, a 
chaplain, William Lord Sempill, and several others, their accomplices, 
were accused of assaulting with intent to slay the Laird of Auchinames.' 

VIII. — John, [1544-47], married Egidia Cuninghame, daughter of 
the 2nd laird of Craigends," but left no issue. He and his brother-in-law, 
Gabriel Cuninghame of Craigends, both fell at the Battle of Pinkie, Sept, 
10, 1547. 

IX. — William [1547-82], who succeeded his brother, married Anna- 
bella Clialmer, daughter of the Laird of Gadgirth. They had a son James, 
known as James Craufurd of Crosbie, who in 1579 married Lady Eliza- 
beth, daughter of the sixth Earl of Glencairn : of this marriage there was 
an only child, Jane, known as Heiress of Crosbie, who afterwards married 
her cousin, Patrick, twelfth laird of Auchinames. James Craufurd pre- 
deceased his father, and so, when the latter died in 1582, he was succeeded 
by his brother Patrick. 

It was in the time of the ninth laird that the curious transaction took 
place by which the Craufurds, or at all events their kinsmen, recovered 
for their own behoof the endowments of St. Katharine's Chapel. The 
charter, already quoted, bears that James Chalmer of Gadgirth, the 
father or brother-in-law of the laird of Auchinames, is patron of St. 
Katharine's, that Master David Curll is perpetual chaplain, and that 
Cui'll with the consent of various interested parties gives in fee to John 
Chalmer, brother of the patron, the endowments.^ Tlie Chalmers were 
known to be zealous Protestants. In 1558 James Chalmer forced his 
way into Queen Mary's presence, and addressed her in insolent and 
threatening terms. He was in the small West Country army which 
marched to the relief of the Protestants at Perth in 1559, and his name 
appears in the Ayr band of 1564 and at the end of the resolutions of the 
General Assembly of 1567. His Protestantism was therefore undoubted, 

' Pitcairn's Criminal Trials. ' Sir John Craufurd's Protocol Book ^ Ante, p. 49. 



BARONS AND BARONIES— AUCHINAMES. 207 

and any transaction of his was the less likely to have its hona-Jides 
suspected. The effect of the charter was that what would be to-day a 
very valuable endowment was lost to the cause of religion. 

X. — Patrick [1582- ], who succeeded his nephew in some of 
his possessions and his brother as laird, married a daughter of John 
Frazer, laird of Knock, by whom he had a son WilHam. According to 
some accounts William predeceased his father, but according to others he 
lived to succeed him. The tenth laird was served heir to his nephew 
James in the lands of Auldmuir and Whiteside, Ap. 13, 1585, and 
Ap. 11, 1586 — and gave sasine of Whiteside to Hugh Moutgomerie of 
Hazlehead, May 24, 1588. 

The tenth laird appears to have been very contentious, and needy as 
well. King James VI. in 1586 appointed a commission of four lawyers — 
John Skeen, John Learmont, William Oliphant, and Oliver Colt — to 
enquire into a dispute between the laird and Malcolm Crawford of 
Kilbirnie who had without Auchinames' consent disposed of land of which 
he was the superior. Auchinames was also sued, December 3, 1591, by 
his relatives Margaret Craufurde (Lady Hunterstoun), and Robert Stuart, 
now her spouse, to deliver up "ane goldin chenzie and silver pece" which 
the lady averred belonged to her. Failing to appear when summoned, 
he was put to the horn and declared a rebel. 

XI. — William [ - ] (it is doubtful, as has been already men- 
tioned, whether he lived to succeed his father), married in 1587 
Margaret, daughter of Sir Patrick Houstoun of Houston, by whom he 
had a son, Patrick, and a daughter, Elizabeth. During the progress of 
one of the law-suits in which his father was involved — WilUara Patersoun 
and Margaret Knok, spouses, versus Patrick Craufurd, Ap. 6, 1588 — 
WilHam accused the presiding judge, William Chirnesyde, parson of 
Luss, of doing injustice, and created a scene in court. For this act of 
contempt he was denounced a rebel. Margaret Houstoun, better known 
as Lady Auchinames, who was reported by the Minister of Kilbarchan 
to the Presbytery of Paisley for not attending Communion, and who 
retaliated by calling the Minister "a fifty-year-old plague," died in 1642.^ 
Her will is as follows : — 



' Ante, pp. 62, 64. 



208 KILBARCHAN. 

"Legacie. — At Auchinames the xiii. day of May Jal Vic fourtie tuo zeiris. The quhilk 
day, I, Dame Margaret Houstoun, relict of vmquhile William Craufuird, of Auchinames, 
etc., ordaining my bodie and corps to be bureid amange the faithfull with my said husband 
in Kilbarchane, vpone the charges eftir specifit. Throgh guid to mak and set doune this 
my latter will and testament as foUowis : — To wit in the first, I have maid and constitute, 
etc., Patrik Craufuird, of Auchinames, Elizabethe Craufuird, my loveing bairne, and 
Elizabethe Naper, my oy, all thrie conjund equall and universall executouris, etc. And 
leist ony questioune sould aryse, I have declared and devydit and left in legacie as 
followis, viz. — In the first I ordane the soume of thrie hundrithe merks money, laying 
besyde me, to be taiken and bestowit vpone my said honest buriall. Item, I have gevin 
and left in frie gift presentlie and left in legacie. to William Craufuirde, appeirand [ayre] of 
Auchinames, my oy, ane sylwir tas, or cowpe, ane sylwir futtit cope, an xi silwir 
spones to be keipit be him within the hous of Auchinames as ane memoriall. Item, I leive 
and presentlie give to the said Elizabethe Craufuird, my dochter, and Elizabethe Naper, 
my oy, equallie betwixt thame, all the inspreche, etc., of my hous, being within the dooris, 
except my best furneisched fedder bed, dornik baird claithe, capbuird, and the mekill kist 
above, quhilk I left and presentlie gevin and delyverit to the said Patrik Craufuird of 
Auchinames, my eldest sone, etc. 

Be thir presents, wryttin be James Craufuird, sone lawfull to the said Patrik 
Craufuird, of Auchinames, my oy, and subscryvit with my hand at Auchinames, etc., Before 
thir witnesses Johne and Patrik Craufuirdi-s, my oyes, and Johnne How of Damptoune, sic 
subscribitur — I, Dame Margaret Houstoun, etc., with my hand at the pen, etc., becaus I 
can nocht wryt myself, eto.—Housloniaim, pp. 44, 45. 

XII. — Patrick [ -1649], son of the eleventh laird, married about 
1606 hi.s second cousin Jean Craufurd, heiress of Crosbie, grand-daughter 
of the ninth laird. By this marriage the ancient estates of Auchinames 
and Crosbie were again united. Since the bride was twenty-seven years 
of age and the bridegroom only seventeen, one is inclined to suspect that 
it was a ■manage de convenance. There was a family of six sons and a 
daughter : — 

1. William. 

2. James, Writer to the Signet, father of Patrick Craufurd, coun- 

sellor-of-Iaw, London. 

3. Captain Robert of Nethermains, married his cousin, Agnes 

Craufurd, heiress of Drumsoy. David Craufurd of Drumsoy 
(1665-1726), Historiographer Royal of Scotland, less famous 
than notorious by reason of his literary forgeries, was their son 
or grand- son. The Historiographer's daughter Emily died un- 
married in 1731. Her grand-uncle, Patrick Craufurd, merchant 
in Edinburgh, third son to David Craufurd, sixth laird of 
Drumsoy, who, as we shall see, came into possession of Auchin- 
ames, 25th February, 1715, bought Drumsoy on the death of 
Emily Craufurd. 



BARONS A\D BAEONIES— AUCHINAMES. 209 

4. Mr. Hew, Minister at Cumnock, and grandfather of Hugh Crau- 

furd of Garrive, 

5. John. 

6. Patrick. 

1. Elizabeth, mentioned in her grandmother's will, who married 
Eobert Hunter of Hunterston. 

Xin. — William [ - ], married Anna, daughter of Colonel 
Sir Colin Lamont of Inveryne, Argyllshire, by his wife, Barbara, 
daughter of Robert, fourth Lord Sempill. They had a son, Archibald, 
and three daughters. 

XIV. — Archibald [ -1715], married Margaret, daughter of John 
Porterfield of that ilk, and had issue : — 

1. William, who died before his father, married Helen, daughter of 
Sir Thomas Burnet, Physician to King William HI., and left a 
daughter, Helen (died January 25, 1776), who was married to 
Patrick Edmonston of Newton ; of this marriage there were 
several children. 

1. Anna, who married James Bruce of Powfouls, but left no issue. 

2. Jane, who married Patrick Craufurd, merchant, Edinburgh. 

3. Margaret, wlio married James Young of Killiecanty, but left no 

issue. 

The estate was sold to Patrick Craufurd, husband of Jane, second 
daughter of the fourteenth laird in 1715. 

XV. — Patrick [1715-33], a descendant of the twelfth laird and 
son-in-law of the fourteenth laird, married (1) a daughter of Gordon of 
Turnbery, by whom he had two sons, — 

1. Thomas, who died at Paris in 1724. 

2. Robert, author of Tweedside and Tlie Bush Ahoon Traquair, who 

died in 1733. 

{2) Jane, daughter of the sixteenth laird, by whom he had issue, — 

1. Patrick. 

2. George, Lieut.-Col. 53rd Regiment, married Anne, daughter of 

Edward Randal of Salisbury, and had issue, (ob. 1758). 



210 KILBAECHAN. 

3. Ronald of Restalrig, mari'ied Catherine, daughter of John Forbes 

of Newhall, and had issue. 

4. James, merchant in Holland, married Elizabeth Andrews of Rot- 

terdam, and had issue. 

5. Hugh, a merchant, died in the East Indies, unmarried. 

6. Alexander, Lieut.-Col., Governor of Minorca, died unmarried. 

XVI.— Patrick [1733-78], was M.P. for the County of Edin- 
burgh in 1741 and again in 1747, and for the County of Renfrew in 
1761-8. It was during his lifetime that the estate of Auchinames was 
sold in lots. John Semple bought Cartside in 1750, and in the same 
year James M'Kemie bought Craigton ; in 1760 the corn mill and lands 
of Glentyan wei'e sold to James Black of Pennel, and in 1762 or 1764 
John Barbour, merchant in Kilbarchan, bought the remainder of the 
barony and the old castle, the last remnants of which disappeared in 1826.^ 

He married (1) Elizabeth, daughter and co-heiress of George 
Middleton, banker in London, by whom he had two sons ; — 

1. John. 

2. James, Colonel in the Guards and Governor of Bermuda, who 

died without is&ue in 1811. 
and (2) Sarah, daughter of Hugh, twelfth Lord Sempill, by whom he had 
a daughter, Sarah, who died unmarried in 1796. 

XVIL— John [ -1814], M.P. for Old Sarum in 1768 and for 
the County of Renfrew, Oct. 1774, was the associate and friend of Charles 
James Fox. He died unmarried, and was succeeded by his cousin. 

XVIIL— John [1814-67], born 4th Jan. 1780, married, 16th Aug. 
1814, Sophia Marianna, daughter of Maj. -Gen. Couchill and great-grand- 
daughter of Sir Robert Walpole, and had issue, — 

1. Edward Henry John (1816-87). 

2. Frederick Augustus Buchanan (1822-75), Admiral R.N. 

3. Robert Emilius Fazakerley (1825-81), Lieut.-Col. R.A. 

4. George Ponsonby( 1826-89). 

1. Catherine Horatia ( -1892). 

2. Georgiana Janet, who married in 1857 Count Marco Aurelio SaflB, 

one of the Triumvirs of the Roman Republic (1849). 

' Paisley Magazine, 1828. 



B.AJIONS AND BARONIES— SEMPILL. 211 

XIX.— Edward Henry John [1867-87], M.P. for Ayr Burghs 1852- 
74, M.A., Barrister-at-Law, married Oct. 6, 1863, Frances, daughter of 
Rev. William ]\folesworth. Rector of St. Breoke, Cornwall, and sister of 
Sir Paul W. Molesworth, 10th Baronet of Pencarrow, and has issue,— 

1. Hugh Ronald George (1873- ). 

1. May Beatrice. 

2. Katherine Yseult, who married Capt. John Stuart, Black Watch. 

3. Frances Guenevere, who married Capt. Francis Granville, D.S.O., 

Royal Engineers. 

XX. — Hugh Ronald George [1887- ], married in 1896, Teresa 
Mary, second daughter of Charles Austin Gibson, J. P., co. Gloucester, and 
has issue. 

The Barony of Auchinames in Kilbarchan still clearly defined for 
land-tax purposes includes the following : — Auchinames, Bankhead, 
Rabston and Glentyan Hill, Glentyan, Houston's Property, Minister's 
Park, Honeyman's Property, Nebannoy, Kibbleston, Craigton, Craig's 
Plantation, Cartside, Wardend, Huthead, Langside, Callochant, North 
and South Overton, Gladstone, Burntshields Glebe and Mossfoul, 
Dampton and Passinglinn. 

The arms of Craufurd of Auchinames, according to Burke, are : — 

Quarterly 1st and 4th gu., a fess erm. ; 2nd and 3rd arg., a 
stag's head erased gu. Crest. — A stag's head erased gu., 
between the attires a cross crosslet fitchde. Supporters. — 
Two bulls sa., armed and unguled or. Motto. — Tutum te 
robore reddam. 

The ancient arms of the family according to Crawford and Nisbet 
■were : — Ar., two spears saltire ways, betwixt four spots erm. ; and 
according to Balfour : — Gu. a fess erm., surmounted by two lances in 
saltire. Motto, — God shaw the right. 



///. — Sempill of Castle Sempill. 

The claim of Kilbarchan to the Sempills rests upon the fact that 
•each of their baronies, Sempill and Craiginfeoch, included lands In the 
parish, and that the Castle of Sempill is just beyond the boundary of 
Kilbarchan Parish. 



212 KILBARCHAX. 

(«) Egbert de Sempill, the earliest of the name as yet discovered, 
lived in the reign of Alexander III. [1249-85], and held the office of 
Steward of the Barony of Renfrew ; hence, no doubt, came the chevron 
cheque in the Sempill coat of arms in imitation of their patrons and 
over-lords the Stewarts. 

(b) Robert [ -1330], son of («), obtained from Robert the Bruce 
possessions in the Parish of Largs, part of the forfeited estate of the 
Balliol. His wife was Marjory Bruce. 

(c) William of Eliotstoun [ab. 1344], Steward of Renfrew. 
{(l) Thomas of EUiestoun [ab. 13G7]. 

(e) Sir John of EUiestoun [ab. 1392], received from King Robert 
II. a charter to the lands of Glassford in 1375. An annual pension of 
£20 from the customs of Edinburgh was settled on him and his heirs.^ 
Either he or his son was official auditor of the Exchequer accounts in 
1426. 

(/) Sir John of EUotstoun" was one of those who went to meet 
King James I. on his return from captivity in 1423. 

Henry VI., Dec. 13, 1423.— Safe conduct till 30 April— John Sympyl of Elyotiston to 
come to the presence of the King to Durham. ^ 

He was auditor of the accounts of the Island of Bute ; and Jean, either 
his sister or his daughter, was married to Sir John Stewart, son of 
King Robert II., Sheriff of Bute and Arran, and Keeper of Rothesay 
Castle. He had a seat in the Parliaments of 1440-1. 

(</) Sir Robert obtained for himself and Elizabeth his wife a charter 
to the lands of Southennan. In 1455-6 he, as Sheriff of Bute, gave a 
return of his income and expenditure.^ 

(/() Sir William, hereditary Sheriff" of Renfrew, obtained from King- 
James III. a charter confirming him in the baronies of EUiestoun and 
Castletoun {i.e., Castle Sempill), 4th Oct,, 1474. He married Margaret, 
daughter of Lord Cat heart. 

(i) Thomas, sat in Parliament Feb. 1483-4, and is described as Yice- 
comes {i.e., Sheriff) of Renfrew. He fell at the battle of Sauchieburn, 
fighting on the side of King James III., 11th June, 1488. He married 
Elizabeth, daughter of Lord Koss, by whom he had a family of a son — 
the first Lord — and four daughters. 



» Exchequer Bolls, 1379-1406 A.D. ' Eglinton Papers, p. 12, No. 18. 

I Calendar of Documents (Scotland). * Exchequer EoJh, III. 1379-1406 A.D. 



BARONS AND BARONIES— SEMPILL. 



THE LORDS SEMPILL. 



I. — Sir John [1488-1513], was raised to the Peerage by King James 
IV., and sat in the Parliament 1503-4. In 1501, as Sheriff of Renfrew, 
he made a return to the Excliequer of all receipts and expenses of his 
jurisdiction. The Earl of Angus and lie were ambassadors to the court of 
Henry VIL, and as such Lord Sempill received a grant of £20 towards 
his expenses.' When James IV. visited Paisley in 1504, there is a notice 
of 14 shillings given to " Lord Simpill's harpar." '" A confirmation charter 
dated, 21st Sept., 1505, erecting and incorporating certain lands as the 
free barony of Sympill, makes mention of Bar in Kilbarchane, Brandiscroft, 
Weitlandis, Haryspennalis, Borlanddis.' The Collegiate Church founded 
by him in 1505-G was endowed with rents from the Sempill possessions in 
Kilbarchan. Lord Sempill fell at Flodden in 1513, and a monument to 
his memory was erected in the Collegiate Church of Sempill, though his 
body iu all probaliility lies buried on the battlefield. In 1513 the 
Sheriffdom of Renfrew had passed into the hands of Hugh, Earl of 
Eglintoun, who is answerable for certain fees due to the King on the 
succession of William, second lord. 

The first lord married (1) Margaret, daughter of Sir Robert Colvill of 
Ochiltree, and had issue — 

1. William. 

2. Gabriel, ancestor of the Sempilla of Catlicart, 

and (2) Margaret Crichton of Ruthvendenny, widow of Sir John Stirling- 
of Keir.^ 

II. — William [1513-48], Privy Counsellor to King James V., Lord 
Justiciary, Sherifl" of Renfrew, Coroner and Mayor of Fees within the 
district between the Black Cart and the Levern. The office of Sheriff 
of Renfrew was no sinecure, as we find Lord Sempill [1526-7] taking 
on trial James Andro, John Mudy, and John Gilcrist for common theft,* 
and in 1528, along with his son, trying John Watsoun in Bennytoun, 
Robert Watsoun, Robert alias Rob the man, Thomas Alanson, David 

Bard and Makcosche for a similar offence. During the second Lord's 

time the feeling between the rival factions of Montgomerie and Cuning- 

" Calendar of Documents (Scottish). - Accounts of Lord Hhjh Treasurer. 

" Eeg. Mag. Sig., i., No. 2882. ■■ Exchequer Bolls, 1502-7. ^ Ibid. 



^14 KILBARCHAN. 

liame was at its height, and though Lord Sempill kept himself clear of 
entanglements, his son, the Master of Sempill, did not. There are in 
existence two charters of King James V., 17th March, 1539-40, the one 
confirming Lord Sempill in the free barony of Craginfeauch, including 
Bar in Kilbarchan, Brandiscroft, Weitlandis, Haris-pennaldis, Bordlandis, 
and the 10 merk land O. E. of the Thirdpart of Auchnames, and the 
other confirming him in the free barony of Sympill, which included 
Nethir Pennell ; and a charter of Queen Mary, 10th February, 1543-4, 
confirming him in both baronies severally.' 

The second Lord married (1) Margaret, daughter of Hugh, first Earl 
of Eglintoun, by whom he liad issue — 

1. Robert, his heir. 

2. David, ancestor of the Sempills of Craigbait. 

1. Helen, who married Alan, third Lord Cathcart. 

2. Mary, who married Sir John Stirling of Keir. 

He married (2) Elizabeth, daughter of Arnot of Arnot, and (3) Marian, 
daughter of Hugh Montgomerie of Hazelhead. 

HL — Robert [1548-72], is known as the Great Lord Sempill. As 
Master of Sempill he was put to the horn and banished for certain deeds 
he had conunitted or had been privy to in the Montgoinerie-Cuninghame 
feud. In 1540, his father had to become security in ;£5000 that he 
should not return to Scotland without the special license of the King.'' 
He settled at CarHsle, where he had negotiations with Sir Thomas 
Wharton, Henry VHI.'s agent, who was instructed "to practise with 
Symple for the winning of Sir John Campbell and the Earl of Argyle." 
On his return to Scotland, 1543, he kept up a correspondence with 
Wharton, whom he ingenuously advised " to trust no Scotishe man." ^ 
He was present at the Battle of Pinkie, 1547, and was taken prisoner by 
the English. At the Reformation, 1560, he "disobeyed the lawes and 
ordinances of the Counsall in many thingis and especiallie in that, that 
he wold manteane the idolatrie of the Messe." ^ As early as December in 
the preceding year Castle Sempill was invested by the Duke of Chastel- 
herault, and Mary of Guise directed French troops to raise the siege, 21st 
March, 15G0. In a letter to Norfolk, March 29, 1560, the Queen 

' Eeg. Mag. iiig., II., Noa. 2124, 2125, 2991. = Pitcairn's Criminal Trials. 

' Hamilton Papers. * Knox's Uist., II. p. 130. 



BARONS AND BARONIES— SEMPILL. 215 

Dowager complained of those who were invading her subjects and their 
houses, especially Castle Sempill. Though menaced at this time, the 
castle was not actively assailed until the autumn. Meanwhile Lord 
Sempill wrote the Duke asking that his house should be spared. This 
favour was not granted, because it appeared that Lord Sempill had been 
guilty of several acts of aggression. 

17 Aug., 15G0. — Though by the late treaty it was provided that all oppression should 
cease .... it has been complained to the Council that Robert, Lord Sympill, and 
others had committed many slaughters and " heirschippis" burnt houses and corn, and 
" kest down stane howsis " only on private feuds with his party though summoned failing 
to appear was denounced rebel and put to the horn and so remains. Yet he has anew 
strengthened himself with men of war in the Castle of Sempill and " ofT new fortit ane 
hows [the peel] within ane ile in the loch of Lochquhinyeoch " daily reiving and spoiling, 
"not sparand to sla auld men off fowr skoir yeris off age lyand decrippit in their beddis." 
Charlebois the Captain is to be asked to deliver him up. This he declined to do [17 Sept., 
1560] however saying that Lord Semple is in the King and Queen's service and no rebel. ^ 

Sempill had not yet resolved to offer resistance to the Protestant party: — 

7 Sept., 1560.^ — My Lord of Arran (the Duke's second son) was to have besieged Lord 
Sempill ; but the matter is like to come to communication which many think best. 
[Randolph to Cecil.] ^ 

The siege, when it did take place, was evidently at first directed by the 
Earl of Glencairn or his brother : — 

17 Sept., 1.060. — I assure you, Glencairn writes to Arran, on my honour this last 
Wednesday (18th) the few hagbulters you have here came to Castle Sempill and they 
within came forth to the " yeardis " in their accustomed manner ; and they more wilful 
than wise came plain upon them and dang them out of the yearde in to the castell quhil as 
they shot little pistoles at thame out of the vyndois, and durst not cum to the wal hedis T 
and to verify this they took sheep that they had in the close away with them. And never 
a man hurt or slain but one who will not be the " were " but divers of the enemy evil hurt 
as my brother has written me this day.^ 

Randolph did not arrive at the Castle until September 24 ; while on his 
way thither he wrote to Cecil : — 

23 Sept., 1560. — Lord Arran continues his journey to Castle Sempill ; they lately 
slew an old man above 80, since Sempill came to Dunbar. His other doings are intolerable : 
" When Goddes wyll is to delyvar hym, Dumbarre cane not holde hym." ^ 

From this we understand that his Lordship had left the 
be defended by others and had gone to Dunbar. 

^ Calendar of Scottish PaiJers. . "Ibid. 'Ibid. 



IJIG KILBARCHAN. . 

7 Oct., 1560. — Negotiations take place between Arran and young Sempill regarding 
the surrender of the Castle.^ 

These came to nothing, foi- four days later Randolphe writes : — 

The Duke is at Hamilton, Arran at Castle Sempill. The Lord himself is so wilful 
that there is no reason to be had at his hands ; " hys sonnes breed of the father, and so are 
determyned to make a symple ende."^ 

21 Oct., 15G0. — I repaired to my Lord of Arran at Castle Sempill, who after long 
"cumber and myche adoe " had it delivered to him, after beating down the chiefest tower 
of defence. He was at it 10 days, 7 of them so evil that neither approach could be made 
nor artillery planted. The Master and his brother with the chiefest yielded to my lord and 
are presently with him in this town (Hamilton). The custody of the house is committed 
to Captain Forbes with 10 soldiers to be used at the lord's will. The little fort that Lord 
Symple built in the hniiihe is to be overthrown "rather for the name sake than that yt anye 
thynge importethe." As symple was his devise to name yt "Defendour of the Faythe " as 
as he hathe byne symple in all his other doynges. Arran requires no reward but 
the disposal thereof. Lord Semple himself and the laird of Blanerne hath left Dunbar for 
France [Randolphe.] ^ 

Writing to Maitland luider the same date, Randolphe tells that it was not 
until the eighth day that the artillery could he placed owing to bad 
weather. At night, after " maynie sutes " there was an appearance of 
good effect. At 3 p.m. next day the gate-house tower fell in two halves. 
Early next morning the garrison hung out a " whyte bannarde" and the 
Master of Sempill surrendered unconditionally. The Castle and the 
house in the Loch we're committed to the care of Captain Forbes and ten 
men. 

The things in the house, he continues, reserved unspoiled are not worth 40 crowns. 
The country round is well delivered of such cumberous neighbours. To rehearse our 
incommodities by rain and wind were to good a pastyme for you to knowe. My Lord 
and his nearest friends lodged in a barn where I was myself the least of six that lay in one 
bedde.^ 

For thus resisting the Protestant party Lord Sempill was put to the horn, 
but was relaxed therefrom by March, 156L For six or seven years he 
continued to be a firm supporter of Queen Mary and was in high favour 
at Court, notwithstanding that he protested against the grants of land 
that were made to Rizzio. In 15G7 he was one of the assize before which 
Bothwell was arraigned on the charge of murdering Darnley. His name, 
along with the names of other twenty Earls and Barons, appears in a bond 

' Calendar of Scottish Papers. ' Ibid. '■' Ibid. •* Ibid. 



BARONS AND BARONIES-SEMPILL. 217 

by which the signatories pledge themselves to maintain Bothwell's inno- 
cence, and to stand by him if the Queen marries him. It is understood 
that this document was signed under compulsion or threat.' In the 
struggle which ensued Lord Sempill was on the side of Queen Mary's 
enemies, being in the Eegent's army at the Battle of Langside, 14th 
May 1568, and being one of those wlio witnessed the forcing open of the 
casket containing the celebrated letters, 29th December, 156S. He was 
in command at Dumbarton (Jastle when it was taken by Lord Claud 
Hamilton, 4th October, 1568, and with Glencairn and others he anew 
besieged it, August, 1569. For some years, during the disgrace of the 
Hamiltons, he was in the enjoyment of the temporalities of the Abbey of 
Paisley. 

The third Lord married (1) Isabel, daughter of Sir William Hamilton 
of Sanquhar, and had issue : — 

1. Robert, who predeceased his father, 1569, but left issue a son, 

Robert (who succeeded his grandfather as fourth Lord) by his 
wife. Barbara Preston of Valleyfield. 

2. Andrew, ancestor of the Sempills of Bruntschells and Millbank." 

1. Grizel, whose name is unfavourably associated with that of John 

Hamilton, Abbot of Paisley and Archbishop of St. Andrews, 
married James Hamilton of Stanhouse. 

2. Margaret, who married (1) John Hamilton of Broomhall, and (2) 

John Whitefoord of Whitefoord. 

3. Janet, who married Hugh Montgomerie of Hazelhead. 

4. , who married Alexander Fleming of Barrochan. 

5. Dorothy, who married Robert Montgomerie of Skelmorlie. 

He married (2) Elizabeth Carlyle of Torthorwald, and had issue — 

1. John, the Dancer, first laird of Beltrees and Thirdpart. 

2. William (?). 

Father Forbes Leith, S.J., gives a long and interesting account of Colonel 
William Semple, who, he says, was a son of Robert, third Lord. He was 
born in 1546, and brought up at the Court of Queen Mary. After the 
Queen's flight, 1568, he went to Belgium and served for a time under the 

1 Tytler's History, III. p. 245. 

''On the interior sole of the window in the North transept of Paisley Abbey there is an 

A X S X I 
inscription ■ ^^^^^ 



218 KILBAHCHAN. 

Prince of Orange. Upon hearing that Queen Mary's sympathies were 
with the King of Spain, he changed sides and was employed by this 
monarch on secret embassies to Scotland. During one of his visits to 
Edinburgh, he was recognised, apprehended, and imprisoned in the 
garret of a house seven storeys high, from which he made his escape 
by means of a silken cord sent him in a pie, by his sister, the Countess of 
Ross. In 1593, he married a Spanish lady who bore him two daughters, 
one of whom took the veil. In lieu of salary the King of Spain gave him 
the magnificent house which had at one time belonged to the Milanese 
artist, Jacobo de Trezo ; this house Colonel Semple gave to the Church, 
and it was for a time the seat of the Scots College, soon afterwards 
transferred to Valladolid. He died, March I, 1G33, at the age of eighty- 
seven. F. Hugh Semple, S.J., an eminent linguist and mathematician, 
Rector of the Scots College, is said to have been a relative of the Colonel. 
Father Semple died September 29, 1654, aged 58.' 

IV. — Robert [1572-1611], grandson of the third Lord, was a rigid 
adherent of the Church of Rome, and " was denounced and put to the 
horn for intruding Sir Johnne Hamilton, a popish priest, in the vicarage 
of Eastwood." '^ He continued, however, to enjoy the hereditary offices of 
the family, was a Privy Councillor, and was sent as ambassador to Spain 
in 1596. 

He married (1) Anne, daughter of Hugh, third Earl of Eglinton, and 
had issue : — 

1. Hugh. 

1. Anne, who married, 1603, Sir Archibald Stewart of Castlemilk. 

2. Beatrix, who married Sir Colin Lamont of Inveryne. 

3. Grizel, who married John Logan of Raiss. 

4. Margaret, who married Robert Brisbane of Bishopstoun. 

He married (2) Dame Joanna de Evieland, a lady of the Low Countries, 
who bore him a son, who became Sir James Sempill of Letterkenny, 
ancestor of Viscount Southwell. 

V. — Hugh [1611-1639], the fortunes of the family being already on 
the wane, had to sell the hereditary office of Sherift' of Ptenfrew to the Earl 
of Eglinton, with the reservation that it might be redeemed on payment of 

1 Nanafires vf Scottish Catholics. "- Reg. of Prinj Council, ii. 229. 



BAEONS AND BARONIES— SEMPILL. 219 

£5000. It was never redeemed, for on the abolition of hereditary judge- 
ships in 1747, it was Lord Eglinton who received the compensation. A 
Charter of Charles I., '22nd February, 1634, grants the Barony of Craigin- 
feoch to his Lordship in life rent and to his son in fee.^ 

He married (1) Anne, daughter of James, first Earl of Abercorn, by 
whom he had a daughter, 

1. Marion, who married Sir George Preston of Valley field, Bart, 
and (2) Elizabeth, daughter of Francis, 9th Earl of Errol, by whom he 
had issue : — 

1. Francis, sixth Lord. 

2. Robert, seventh Lord. 

3. Archibald, of Dykehead. 2 

4. James, who entered a religious order abroad. 

2, Elizabeth, who married, William, second Lord Mordington. 

3. Jean, who married William Menzies of Pitfoddels. 

VL — Francis [1639-44], married Isobel, daughter of George, second 
Earl of Winton, but left no issue. 

VII. — Robert [1644-75], was he on whom the Presbytery bestowed 
so much unwelcome attention in the hope of winning him from his 
adherence to Rome.^ During the Protectorate he was fined £1000 for his 
Royalist sympathies. 

He married Anne, daughter of James, first Lord Mordington, and had 
issue : — - 

1. James [Robert?], Master of Sempill, predeceased his father, un- 

married. 

2. Francis, eighth Lord. 

1. Anne, Baroness Sempill (IX.). 

2. Jean, who married Alexander Sinclair of Roslin. 

Lord Sempill made an entail of his estates and honours, bringing in after 
heirs male of his body, his daughter Anne and the heirs male of her 
body, and certain other heirs — a settlement which was not confirmed by 
the Crown until 25th July, 1685.' 

' Beg. Mag. iVy., VIII., No. 41. » See Poll Tax Boll, p. 123. 

' A nte, pp. 76, 77. ^ Burke's Peerage. 



220 KILBARCHAN. 

VIII. — Francis [1675-84], was the first since the great Lord Senipill 
to take his seat in Parlianienf, 1G80. Having been brought up under the 
care of the Earl of Diuidonald, a zealous Protestant, he was persuaded to 
denounce his ancestral faith, and so got rid of tlie disahlHties that clung 
to it. 

He married Grizel, daughter of Sir Archibald Primrose, and sister of 
the first Earl of Rosebery, but died without issue. 

IX. — Anne, Baroness Sernpill [1684-95], married Francis Aber- 
cromby of Fetterneir, Aberdeenshire, to whom was granted a life peerage 
under the title of Lord Glassford, and had issue : — • 

1. Francis, tenth Lord. 

2. Robert, slain in battle. 

3. John, eleventh Lord. 

4. Hugh, twelftli Lord. 

Lady Seinpill and her husband on a subsequent resignation had the limi- 
tation of the estates and honours extended, failing issue, made to heirs 
female and other heirs, by a Crown Charter, 16th May, 1688, containing 
a power of nomination.' 

X. — Francis [J 695-1716], sat in the Scottish Parliament, and 
opposed the proposals for the Union, which was accomplished in 1707. 
He died unmarried, and was buried in Holyrood Abbey, where the inscrip- 
tion on a recumbent stone indicates the exact site of his grave. 

XI. — John [1716-27], was an ofiicer in the Ayrshire Fencibles, a 
regiment raised to support the House of Hanover, in the Rebellion of 
1715. He died unmarried, and is buried in Holyrood. 

In 1727, the Lordshiji of Castle Sernpill was sold to Colonel William 
MacDowall, a younger son of Alexander MacDowall of Garthland, Gallo- 
way. While with his regiment in the West Indies, he had married Mary 
Tovie, daughter of Mary Steven, wife of James Millikeu. In 1735 the 
old and historic castle gave place to the present house. 

XIL— Hugh [1727-46], served with the British Army abroad; he 
acted as Brigadier General, and commanded the left wing of the Royal 

' Burke's Peerage. 



BAKOXS AND BAKONIES-SEMPILL. 221 

Army at the Battle of Cullodeii, 16th April, 1740. He died at Aberdeen 
towards the end of the same year, and was buried in the Drums Aisle of 
the West Kirk. 

In 1741 he bought from James M'Gilchrist part of the lands of Barr 
in Inchinnan, and built a m;insion, Icnown as Sempill House, situated a 
little to the east of Er'skine Ferr\'. 

He married Sarah, daughter and co-heiress (with Iiebecca her sister, 
wife of Richard Clive, father of the first Lord Olive) of Nathaniel Gaskell 
of Manchester, by whom he had amongst others : — 

1. John. 

2. George, an officer in the army, who married (l) Miss Gordon of 

Wardhouse ; (2) in 176G, his cousin. Miss Clive of Styche ; 
and (3) in 1775, Mrs. Joddrell of Yeardsley. 

3. Hugh, died uiuiiarried in 17G4. 

1. Sarah, who married in 175U, Patrick Craufurd of Drumsoy and 

Auchinames, and had issue a daughter, Janet, who died un- 
married in 1796. 

2. Anne, who married in 1754 Adam Austin, M.D., and had eight 

daughters and a son, Hugh, judge at Burdwan. 

3. 4, 5. Marion (ob. 1796), Jane, and Rebecca (ob. 1811) are buried 

in Holy rood. 

XHl. — John [1746-82], married in 1755, Janet, daughter of Hugh 
Dunlop of Bishopstoun, and had issue : — ■ 

1. Hugh, born 1st July, 1758. 

1. Sarah, who married in 1780, Sir William Forbes of Craigievar. 

Their grandson is the seventeenth Lord Sempill. 

2. Janet, who died in 1858, aged ninety. 

3. Joanna. 

XIV. — Hugh [1782-1830], a captain in the army, married Maria, 
daughter of Robert Mellish of Ragnall, Nottingham, by whom he had 
issue : — 

1. Selkirk. 

2. Francis, who died in 1823. 

1. Maria Janet (XVL). 

2. Sarah, who died in 1866, and is buried in Holyrood. 



222 KILBAECHAN. 

XV. — Selkirk [1830-5], died unmarried, and was succeeded by liis 
sister. 

XVI. — Maria Janet, Baroness Senipill [1835-84], married in 1836 
Edward Chandler of Dun Edin, Co. Edinburgh, and of Morton Pinkney, 
Northampton. Baroness Sempill and her husband were allowed to take 
the name and arms of Sempill only.' She died in 1884, aged ninety-four, 
and was succeeded by her cousin. 

XVII. — Sir William Forbes Sempill [1884- ], married (1) in 
1858 Caroline Louisa, daughter of Sir Charles Forbes, and has issue a 
daughter, Catherine; and (2) in 1862, Francis Emily, daughter of Sir 
George Abercromby, and has issue : — 

1. George, Master of Sempill, married Gwendolen Prodgers, and has 

issue — 

(1). William Francis, b. 1893. 
(2). Gwendolen Janet, b. 1897. 

2. Douglas, Captain in the Seaforth Highlanders, who was specially 

mentioned for his valour at Magersfontein [llth December, 
1899]. 

3. William, who died in infancy. 

4. Robert Abercrouiby. 

5. Arthur Lionel Ochoncar, Lieutenant Pi.N., b. 1877. 

2. Evelyn Courtenay, wlio married in 1894, Captain Duncan Vernon 

Pirie, M.P. 

3. Gertrude Emily. 

He married (3) Mar}^ Beresford Sherbrooke. 

Arms.— Arg. a chevron cheque gu. and of the field, between three 
bugle horns, sa., garnished of the second. Crest — A stag's head ppr. 
attired arg. Supporters — Two ratch-hounds sa., collared gu. Motto — 
Keep Tryst. 

' Burke's Peerage. 



CHAPTER Xir. 
Historical Families Connected with Kilbarchan. 

" I witness fellow earth-meu surge and strive ; 

Assemblies meet and throb and part ; 

Death's soothing finger, sorrow's smart ; 
— All the vast various moils that mean a workl alive." 

-Thomas Hardy. 

Knox of Ranfnrly [1440-1 CG6] and Knox of Selvieland [1320-1627]— Sempill of Beltrees and 
Thirdpart [1558-1810]— Houstoim of Johnstone [1645-1733]— Napier of Blackstoun [1650?- 
1843]— Macdowall of Castle Sample and Carnith [1727- J— Napier of Milliken [1733-1886] 
—Harvey of Castle Semple [1810 \- ]— Captain Stirling of Glentyan [1817-72]— Speir of 
Blackstoun [1843- ]. 

The families mentioned in this chapter, though they did not enjoy 
baronial rank, and were not connected with Kilbarchan during so many 
generations as the three dealt with in the former chapter, have neverthe- 
less occupied leading positions in the parish, and some of their members 
have played distinguished parts in Parliament, and in the work of ex- 
tending the boundaries of tlie British Empire. 



I. — Tlie Knoxes of Rwifurly and Selvieland} 

The family name of Knox, derived apparently from the Gaelic word 
Cnoc, meaning a hillock, is not an uncommon one in several parts of 
Scotland. In Renfrewshire there were at least three historical families 
of the name — the Knoxes of Knoc (a place between Paisley and Ren- 
frew), the Knoxes of Ranfurly, and the Knoxes of Selvieland. 

About the year 1234 the lands of Knoc were owned by Dungalus, 
son of the Sheriff of Lennox, and IMatilda his wife, who parted with their 
possession to the monks of Paisley in exchange for a part of the Abbot's 

' I am indebted to Mr. Horatius Bonar of Ranfurly for the information regarding the Knoxes 
here given, for the notes on Ranfurly included in the next chapter, and for the ground plan of 
Ranfurly Castle. 

223 



224 KILBARCHAN. 

Inch or Isle, lying between the Curt-Lochwuinoch and the Gryffe, near 
Walkinshaw.^ It seems likely that Gryffe was the name then applied to 
the stream formed by the Cart-Lochwinnoch and the Gryffe after their 
confluence — it is now known as Black Cart. During the reign of 
Robert III. (1390-1406), one Kobert Knox received a royal charter con- 
firming to him the lands of Knoc within the liberty of Renfrew," and 
thus became Knox of that ilk. Possibly the Knoxes of Ranfurly are 
descended from this Knox of Knoc, at all events the uncommon name of 
" Uchter" was a favourite one in both families. 

I. — The first Knox of Ranfurly of whom tliere is any record is John 
Knokkis of Ranforle, who in 1440 granted to James, son of John 
Crawfurde of Giftartlands, the lands of Barbethe in the lordship of 
Ranferlie, and Barony of Renfrew.^ 

II. — John [ab. 1474], heir of ti>e above and styled " of Craiganys," 
granted a disposition in favour of his son Uchtred, of the 20 merk land of 
Ranfurly and the 100 shilling land of Grifis Castell, reserving for himself 
a liferent, and for his wife if she survived him her tierce ; the reddendo 
for Ranfurly was ward and relief and suit at Renfrew Court, and for 
Gryffe Castle a red rose at the Feast of St. John the Baptist.* 

III. — Uchtred [1474- ], was accused about 1509 of attacking 
and wounding Sir John Ketchen, Presbyter of the Collegiate Church of 
Sempill, in presence of the Sacrament. The offence was considered a very 
grave one, and the laird had to pay a fine as civil damages, and was 
ordered to go to Rome to get absolution from the Pope.^ He is probably 
the same as Uchtrede Knox of Cragyns, who acted as one of the arbiters 
in the dispute between the Burgh of Renfrew and the Abbey of Paisley." 

According to David Crawford, he married Agnes, daughter of Lord 
Lyle of Duchal. 

IV. — John [ -1536], son of the above, is styled "of Ardman- 
well," ' in the Parish of Kippen. It was there he died, leaving in his will 
four pence annually for the fabric of St. Mungo's, Glasgow, and directing 
that his body should be buried in his church of Kilbarchan.' 

' /vey. Je Pass., pp. 178-180. - Robertson's //idex, p. 137. No. 4. 

= Raj. Mag. Sig., iii.. No. 25!). ■• Ibid., i.. No. IKiG. ^Protocol Reg. of Dioc. of Glasg., ii., 325. 

'^Rcg. de Pass., p. 406. 'Red Book of Meuteifh, ii., p. 207. ' Commisx. of Dunblane. 



HISTORICAL FAMILIES CONNECTED WITH KILBARCHAN. •225 

V. — UcHTRED [1536-53], married Janet Sempill, by whom he had a 
son, John, and two daugliters, of whom Janet the younger married James 
Fleming of Barochan. 

VI. — John [1553-94], married Euphemia Galbraith of Kilcroich, by 
whom he had six sons; of whom Uchtred, the eldest, predeceased his 
father, leaving issue; Andrew graduated at Glasgow in 1579, and was 
Minister successively at Lochwinnoch and Paisley, and afterwards 
Bishop, first of the Isles and then of Raphoe ; the others were Robert, 
William, Patrick, and James. The latter was tutor or guardian to his 
nephew, John. 

Uchtred, the heir (ob. 1589), married Margaret, daughter of George 
Maxwell of Newark, and had issue three sons and three daughters: — 
John, George, Alexander, Susanna, Margaret, and Jane. The last men- 
tioned married John Porterfield of Duchal. 

VII. — John [1594-1G31], grandson of John, VI., got a conveyance of 
Ranfurly-Knox, Gryffe Castle, and Nether Craigends, from his grand- 
father, who reserved a liferent and a tierce. It was he who occasioned 
a tumult in Kilbarchan Church, and was accused of slaying his uncle.' 
In 1(331 he and his eldest son entered into an arrangement " for the weill 
and standing of his hous," by which the son entered into possession of the 
family estates, including Ardmanwell and Knox-Munnock, obliging him- 
self to pay his father's debts. 

This laird married Annabella, daughter of Blair of that ilk, by 
whom he had two sons, Uchtred and Tliomas, and two daughters, 
of whom Euphemia married Thomas Rollock, and Jean married Robert 
Mure of Caldwell. 

VIII. — UcHTRKD [1031-65], was under the necessity of selling the 
Renfrewshire estates. William Cuninghame of Craigends bought Nether 
Craigends in 1633, and Lord Cochran, afterward Earl of Dundonald, 
bought Ranfurly and Gryffe Castle in 1665. The laird spent the rest of 
his days at Ardmanwell and at Keyston in the same neighbourhood. 

He married (1) Isobel, daughter of Robert Fairlie of Braid, and {-2) 
Jean, daughter of Sir William Mure of Rovvallan.^ He had a son 
William,^ and a daughter Helen, who in 1688 married John Cuningliam 
of Caddell. 



' Anie, p. 62. - Bisi. of Euwallan. ^ St i ding Records, Oct., 1726. 

e2 



226 KILBARCHAN. 

In a disposition in favour of Uchtred Knox in 1666 occurs the 
name of "John Knox of Armanwell." He was possibly a brother of 
Uchtred, VIII. , and may have been the John Knox who did "zealously 
manage and help forward the work of the Lord," at Kippen in 
Covenanting times.^ 

According to Laing and Dr. Hume Brown, Knox, the Reformer, was 
in no way connected with this family. 

The Earl of Ranfurly claims descent from the Knoxes of Ranfurly. 



Knox of Selvieland. 

From a charter in the possession of Colonel Cuninghame, Belmont, 
Ayr, headed, " Coppie of Sewilands Orignall Chartour," it would appear 
that a Knox possessed Selvieland previous to the year 1.320. 

The following is a summary of this charter : — 

Unto all whom it may concern, Walter, Steward of Scotland, greeting : Be it known 
that we have given and by this charter confirm to Gilbert, son of the late Uchtred Knox, 
for his homage and service the whole of our land named Sewingland in the Barony of 
Renfrew : To be had and to be held by the aforesaid Gilbert, and Christian, his spouse, and 
their heirs, of us and our heirs in fee freely, etc., in hill and plain, in road and path, etc., 
etc. Beginning at the mouth of Kert Loughiniough and descending as far as the water of 
Gryfl' through all the boundaries of the aforesaid, with lands, mills, multures, and all per- 
tinents, doing therefor to us the service of half a bowman in the army of the King of Scot- 
land, and of suit at our Court of Renfrew for all service and secular demand ; and 1, Walter, 
and my heirs shall warrant and defend Gilbert and his heirs ; In witness whereof we affix 
the impress of our seal to this charter which is further witnessed by. Sir William Fleming 
of Barachan, Alan of Cathcart, Kt., William of Cathcart, Kt., Finlay of Houston, Kt., 
James Cunningham, James Stewart, William Knox, Robert Sempill, and many others. 

There is no record extant dealing with the family between 1320 and 
1518. After that the succession is as follows : — 

I. — John [1518- ], married Elizabeth Macgill, and granted a 
disposition in favour of his son, which was confirmed by King James V., 
15th June, 1520. 

II. — John [ -1574], married EHzabeth Walkiushaw, aud had 
issue. 



Ure's Narrative of the Rising. 



HISTORICAL FA:\IILIES CONNECTED WITH KILBAECHAX. 227 

IIL — Thomas [1574-92], married (l) Margaret Wallace, (2) Margaret 
Stewart, and (3) Barbara Sempill, and had issue, — two sons and a 
daughter. 

IV.--W1LLIAM [1592-1624], married (l) Margaret Maxwell, and (2) 
Margai'et Dalmahoy, and left issue. 

V. — Alexander [1624-27], sold Selvieland to the Brisbanes, who 
held it for nearly a hundred years. 

II. — Sempill of Beltrees. 

Though the lands of Beltrees, from which this family takes its 
territorial designation, are in Lochwinnoch, yet Kilbarchan has an equal, 
perhaps a stronger claim, to any credit that may be reflected from 
this branch of the Sempills. The family owned Thirdpart of Auchinames 
before 1579, and in 1650 the mansion-house there became their head- 
quarters. In 1678 all their proprietary interest in Beltrees ceased with 
the sale of the superiority. It was in Kilbarchan Church that Francis 
and James Sempill of Beltrees had to do presbyterian penance in 1649 
for a breach of the Covenant. The fourth laird resided at Burnfoot in 
1681, and the sixth laird took an active part in the rebuilding of 
Kilbarchan Church in 1724. Ptobert Sempill built for himself Beltrees 
Cottage, then on the outskirts of the village of Kilbarchan, where he 
spent the evening of his long life, and where he died. At Thirdpart his 
son, Kobert, the last male representative of the family, was born in 1726. 
It will be seen, then, that in spite of the designation Beltrees, this was, 
latterly at least, a Kilbarchan rather than a Lochwinnoch family. 

I.— John Sempill [ -1579], was a son of the Great Lord Sempill 
by his second wife, Elizabeth Carlyle. He received from his father in 
patrimony Beltrees, and perhaps also Thirdpart. Though he was ap- 
pointed Provost of the Collegiate Church of Castle Sempill, it is very 
unlikely that he even attempted to discharge the duties of the office, and, 
according to himself, he never even enjoyed the endowment. It was in 
quite a different walk of life that he was destined to shine. He attended 
Queen Mary's Court, where his sprightliness in the dance gained for him 
the title of John the Dancer.' His marriage with Mary Livingstone, a 
maid of honour, seems to have created some sensation : — 

■ Knox's History, ii., pp. 415-0. 



228 KILBARCHAX. 

Jan. 9, 15G4-5. My lord of Bedford is marvellously desired to be here at the mar- 
riage of Marie Liveston to John Simple, who shall be sent to desire him. Simple was born 
in England, and had an English mother. So it is much spoken of that an Englishman 
should marry one of the four Maries. (Randolphe to Cecil). ^ 

The young couple received I'lom their Royal Mistress large grants of land 
in the counties of Bute, Ayr, Fife, and Aberdeen. In 1577 Beltrees was 
accused of being art and part in a conspiracy to assassinate the Regent 
Morton, and being put to the torture, some sort of confession was wrung 
from him. His wife bore him four children, James, Artliur, John and 
Dorothy. The marriage contract and documents relating to a law suit 
in which his widow was engaged are extant." 

II. — Sir James [1579- 1G26], was brought u{) along with King James, 
who, though possibly the younger of the two, was his godfather. They 
were educated under the celebrated scholar, George Buchanan. It is said 
that young Beltiees had to sutler at the tutor's hands chastisement for 
the young King's misdemeanours. Sempill completed his studies at St. 
Andrews, where he made the acquaintance of the scholarly but dispu- 
tatious Andrew Melville. By this friendship hangs a tale. Sempill acted 
as amanuensis to the King when writing the Basilicon Doron, which 
appeared in 1599. Tlie work, of which there were to be only seven copies 
printed, contained the King's advice to his son and heir-apparent, Prince 
Henry ; in it there occurred such sentiments as these — no man is more to 
be hated of a King than a proud Puritan — parity among ministers cannot 
agree with a monarchy — Puritans are pests in the common weal of Scot- 
land ; the young prince was warned that the ministers were seeking to 
establish a democracy in Scotland and to become t ribuni i^lebis themseWes, 
and was advised to make none his friends but those who had been loyal 
to Queen Mary. Sempill showed the book or passages from it to his 
friend Andrew Melville, who spread the news. The Presbyterians took 
alarm, and grave political trouble seemed for a time imminent. Even by 
this breach of confidence Sempill did not forfeit the King's favour. On 
his return from London, where he was Scottish Agent, he was made a 
Knight Bachelor. In 1601 he was ambassador at Paris, and through his 
influence Andrew Melville was released from imprisonment in the Tower. 

In the ecclesiastical controversies of the time Sempill took no incon- 
siderable part. His longest poem, which, with additions by his son, extends 

' Calendar of Scottish Papers. * Lochvnnnoch (A. and H. Collections), ii., Nos. 182, 191, 195. 



HISTORICAL FAMILIES CONNECTED WITH KILBARCHAN. 229 

to 872 lines, called The Packman's Paternoster, sets forth in a 
popular form the usual arguments against the Roman practice of 
rehearsing Latin prayers. His more serious controversial tractates, in 
which he ranges himself on the side of Melville against such opponents as 
Tilenus, Scaliger and Selden, show that he Wiis in close touch with the 
learning and learned of his time, and that in spite of royal influence he 
was a staunch Presbyterian. He is credited with writing several erotic 
poems which are of course in the usual strain : — 

Wilt thou, remorseless fair ! 

Still laugh while I lament. 
And shall thy chief contentment be 

To see me mal-content ? 

lu 1602 Sir James was appointed Sheriff-Substitute of Renfrewshire, 
possibly by his kinsman, Lord Sempill, the Hereditary Sherift"; it may 
have been in this capacity that it fell to him to make arrangements for tlie 
reception of the King when he visited the Abbey of Paisley in 1617. The 
speech of " the prettie boy of 9 yeeres age ' is evidently from his pen, 
and the youthful orator is said to have been one of the Sheriff's children. 
In the year 1603 the King, with advice of his Council, gave to Sir James 
"ane Jewell — to witt, ane carcatt and tabulat sett with ane carbuncle of 
ane diamond, and ane grite precious rubie, and round about with 
diamondis . . . pertening to umquhyll his Heynes derrest moder." ' 
That this was not the only precious possession in the family, we learn 
from Lady SempIU's will, by which she leaves to her daughter, Lady 
Arkinglas, "ane gown of flourit velvot, ane doublat and skirt of purpor 
flourit velvot;" to Mareoun, a servant, "ane cheynze of gold wt. ane 
knap in forme of pig at the end thairof." 

Sir James married in 1594, Egidia or GeiUis Elpliinstoun of Blyths- 
wood. They had a family of two sons and five daughters; of the latter, 
one married Campbell of Ardkinglas, and another M'Farlaud of Arrochar. 

in. — Robert [1626-166 ?], served as an officer in the Royal army 
during the Civil War. He became involved in serious financial difficulties 
through confiscations and fines, and though he lived to sliare in the 
rejoicings at the Restoration, his losses were never made good. As 
already mentioned, he made additions to a poem written by his father, 

■ Reg. of Ptiinj Voua., Feb. 3, 1603. 



230 KILBARCHAN. 

and wrote the "Elegy on Habbie Simson," and the "Epitaph on Sanny 
Briggs, nephew to Habbie Simson, and butler to the laird of Kilbarchan." 
He married Mary Lyon of Auldbar, and they had at least two 
children, Francis, the heir, and Elizabeth, who married Sir George 
Maxwell of Newark. 

IV. — Francis [l66M(i8l(5)], and a relative James, either an uncle or 
a brother, were officei's in the Scottish army led by the Eai'ls of Loudon 
and Lanark, which exceeded their commission. For this, the Sempills 
had to submit to church discipline in Kilbarchan Kirk.' Francis was not 
so rigid a Presbyterian as his grandfather, for he acknowledged the 
Presbytery of Curates.^ 

Having before 1677 obtained the appointment of Sheriff-Substitute 
for Renfrewshire, it fell to him to deal with the extreme Presbyterians. 
When engaged in the arrest of one "Walter Scot at Renfrew, he was 
subjected to very rough treatment, to which he humourously alludes in 
one of his poems, — 

But yet in hopes of some relief, 

A rade I made to Arinfrew ; 
"Where they did bravely buff my beef, 

And made my body black and blew. 

In his time the family fortunes suffered yet further reduction, and the 
superiority of Beltrees had to be sold in 1677-8. 

The following effusions of varying merit have been ascribed to him: — 
1, The Banishment of Poverty ; 2, Lines to the Duke of Albany (K. 
James VII. and II.) at his Coming to Scotland ; 3, On the Birth of the 
Princess Mary (Consort to William HI.) ; 4, A Discourse between Law 
and Science ; 5, A Song called Old Langsyne ; 6, A Christmas Cai-ol ; 
7, The Blythsome Wedding ; 8, She Raise and Loot Me In ; 9, Maggie 
Lauder. In the first three of these the author's evident purpose is to 
gain the favour of the Duke of York ; but any hopes he had of a more 
lucrative appointment than his Sheriffship were doomed to disappointment. 

The reputation as a poet which Sempill enjoyed was very likely due 
to his impromptu verses, rather than to his sustained efforts. It is said 
that while still a boy he was urged by his grandfather to turn his atten- 
tion to vei'se-making, and after a few minutes' thought, he rather 
surprised the old gentleman by giving utterance to the following purpose- 
ful doggerel : — 



HISTORICAL FAMILIES CONXECTED WITH KILBARCHAX. 231 

Thair livit thrie lairds into the west, 
And thair names were Beltrees : 
An' the Dei! wad tak' twa awa', 
The thrid wad leive at ease. 

The legend says that Sir James " straikit his grandson's head, but nippit 
his lug." Several epitaphs ascribed to Francis Sempill are not destitute 
of other merits besides the rather broad humour most appreciated in his 
day. 

He married his cousin, Jean Campbell of Ardkinglas, and had at 
least two sons, Robert, the heir, and James. 

V. — Robert [1681 (5)-1713], suftering much from financial em- 
barrassment, made a journey to Ireland, and perhaps instituted legal 
proceedings, in the hope of regaining certain Irish possessions wliich the 
family had lost during Cromwell's government. His eftbrts were not 
successful. Though not a poet, yet being an exceedingly handsome man, 
he was a subject of verse. Reference is made to him in the following 
lines : — 

Cum ben Bishoptoun, ben cum Blair, 

And ben cum Beltrees, the flower of them thair. 

He married Mary, daughter of Pollok of Pollok, and had issue a son, 
Piobert, and three daughters. 

VI. — PtOBERT [1713-87], went abroad, probably as a sailor, in the 
hope of retrieving the family fortunes. In a letter written to liis mother 
from Edinburgh [1710], where he was watching- a law plea for his father, 
he asks for clothing, as he is reduced to one shirt. He was a burgess of 
Renfrew, and Collector of Cess for the county [1716]. He took an active 
part in connection with the rebuilding of Kilbarchan Kirk [1724], being- 
one of a committee of five to whom all the negotiations were entrusted. 
The annual rental of his propei'ty was £271, and five pews to the left of 
the pulpit were allocated to him. The built-up door on the south wall was 
known as the Beltrees door. It seems to have been a subject of dispute, 
as the minister and another were appointed to deal with him anent it. 
The inference from most of the entries referring to it is, that though 
formed, it was never used, yet in 1791 there is a charge of 10s. for build- 
ing it up. Like his father, he visited Ireland in the hope of regaining 
possession of the family estates, but he also was disappointed. In 1758, 
we may be sure, not without the greatest reluctance, Thirdpart — including 



232 KILBARCHAN. 

Hall or proper Tliirdpart, Watersyde, Faalds, Corbets, Drygate, Hardgait 
and Margonhill — was sold to Colonel Macdowall of Castle Sample. In 
1777, Sempill acquired a feu — 34 falls of the Quarry or Meadow Park — • 
at ail annual payment of 22s. 2d., and there built the house now known 
as Beltrees Cottage; where he died in August, 1787, aged 102 years. 

Robert Sempill collected and re-copied his grandfather's poems, and 
it is to him that their preservation is due. There is evidence that he 
himself wooed the Muse ; one song, " Ramihes " — about a maiden and 
two lovers, one young and the other old, with the usual denouement — is 
ascribed to him. Robert Sempill's remini.scences towards the evening of 
his life, must have been intensely interesting to those privileged to 
hear them — and the grandfathers of men not yet old, may have some- 
times been amongst his audience. He had been an eye-witness of the 
burning of the witches on the Gallow Green of Paisley in 1G97. He had 
seen Peter the Great at Archangel. During his long life, no fewer than 
six successive monarchs occupied the British throne. 

He married iu 1722, Elizabeth, daughter of Colonel Cochrane of 
Mainshill, and grand-niece of Lord Cochrane of Dundonald, and had a 
large family. Of his sons, only one, Robert, survived hiin. Of his 
daughters 

1. Ursula married Colonel Collins of Bonaw\ Their grandson, 

Hamilton Collins, married Susanna T)ow, a descendant of 
Campbell of Ardkinglas, who was a grandson of Sir James 
Sempill ; he succeeded his grand-uncle in 1810. 

2. Elizabeth married a Cumberland man of the name of Gardner. 

Two of their grand-children were alive in 1849. 

3. Annabella married Ebenezer Campbell. A daughter of theirs 

married John Stewart, a merchant in Paisley and Greenock. 
Descendants of theirs, it is believed, are still in Kilbarchan. 

4. Jean, who inherited all her father possessed, died mimarrled at 

Kilbarchan in 1817, aged 80 years. 

Vn.— Robert [1787-1810], was born at Thirdpart in the year 172G. 
He never owned any of the patrimonial estate, but having accumulated a 
considerable fortune as an Edinburgh brewer, and all his children being 
dead, he appointed his grand-nephew Collins, his heir, on condition that 
he assumed the name of Sempill. His desire was that Castlebarns, 
Edinburgh, his property, should remain to support the family of Sempill 



HISTORICAL FAMILIES CONNECTED WITH KILBARCHAN. 233 

of Beltrees. Eight years sufBced for the appointed heir to squander his 
inheritance, and Castlebarns had to be sold. Robert Sempill, the sixth in 
direct succession from John the Dancer, the fifth from Sir James, the 
friend of King James and Andrew Melville, died February 5th, 1810, and 
was buried in Colmlin churchyard. 

Arms. — Arg. a chevron cheque gu. and of the field betwixt three 
bugle horns sa. ; in chiefe three gelliflowers of the second, as difference. 
Crest. — A handing holding a pistol. Motto. — In Loyaltie. 

According to George Crawford, the difference was : — In the base of 
the third bugle a rose gu. ; and according to Nisbet : — A gillyflower. 



111. — Hoiistotm of John.stone. 

For more than eighty years, 1G45-1733, during the most stirring- 
time in the annals of the parish, the Houstouns of Johnstone were a 
Kllbar-chan family. When they left the parish, they took with them as 
their territor-ial designation, Johnstone, a Kilbarchan place-name, which 
they still preserve. 

I.— George Houstoun of Johnstone [1645-1710], was the second 
son of Sir Ludovic Houstoun of Houston, by his wife Margaret, daughter 
of Patrick Maxwell of Newark. Sir Ludovic was the twelfth in descent 
from Hugo de Padinan [Pettinain ?] who, in the time of Malcolm lY. 
[1124-53], received a grant of the Barony of Kilpeter from Balduin de 
Bigres, a vassal of Walter the High Steward. At Kilpeter, Hugo erected 
a stronghold with houses adjoining for his retainers, which came to be 
called Hugh's town, hence Houston. Hugo's grandson, Hugh, son of 
Reginald, we have already had occasion to mention.' 

About 1645 Sir Ludovic acquired " the little Mains of Johnstoun, 
with grain-mill, fuller's mill, tithes, etc.,"" and left them in patrimony to 
his second son, George. George Houstoun married in 1671, Elizabeth, 
daughter of Alexander Cuninghame of Craigends. They had a very large 
family, fifteen in all, of whom, however, only five were alive at the time 
of the making up of the Poll Tax Roll. The youngest, James Houstoun, 
M.D., born in 1690, wrote an interesting account of his own life. He 
studied at Glasgow, at Edinburgh, at Leyden (under Boerhaave, Rau, 

■ Ante, p. 33. * Reij. Mag. Siy. viii.. No. 2081. 

F2 



2.U KILBARCHAN. 

Perizarius), and at Paris. He enjoyed the acquaintance of the celebrated 
Harvey, whom he met at the Hague, at the British A.tnbassador's house/ 
The Laird of Johnstone was a rigid Presbyterian ; and his house was 
the last visited by John Stirling before his death.- Jolmstone House, 
which was on the left bank of the Cart, in the neighbourhood of Nether 
Johnstone, is described by a contemporary writer "as a very pleasant and 
desirable place, not far from the water of Black Cart, a good old house, 
good old planting, gardens and enclosures."^ 

n. — Li'Dovic [1710-27], married Agnes, daughter of James 
Walkinshaw of that ilk, possibly an aunt or a cousin of Clementina 
Walkinshaw, who figures in Mr. Neil Munro's story, The Shoes of 
Fortune. He left two sons, George and Ludovic, and thi'ee daughters, 
Jean, Rachel, and Anne. 

III. — George [1727-57], took an active part in the rebuilding of 
the Parish Church of Kilharchan in 1724, and had the aisle on the south 
wall built probably over the graves of his father and grandfather. In 
1733, he sold the lands of Johnstone to James Milliken, but reserved the 
name of Johnstone, by which his other property, formerly known as the 
"Old Place of Quarrel toun," or "Easter Cochran Tower," was afterwards 
designated. He died unmarried, and was succeeded by his nephew. 

IV. — George [1757-181(3], son of Ludovic and Jean Eankin (born 
1719), was a man of great enterprise. He built the bridge over the Cart, 
the date on which is 1770, and from which the nucleus of the Burgh of 
Johnstone took its earliest name, " The Brig of Johnstone." In 1782, he 
had the plan of the modern town laid off and the feus advertised. He 
greatly enlarged his estate, and worked the coal on it. In 1771, and 
again in 1812, he made additions to the mansion house, with such 
care, that there is preserved at Johnstone Castle perhaps the best example 
of a mediaeval stronghold in this part of the country. 

He married in 1778 (I) Mary, daughter of Colonel William Mac- 
dowall of Castle Semple, who died in 1782, leaving issue : — 

1. Ludovic. 

2. William, who man-ied Marion Douglas, daughter of Colonel Russell 

of Woodside, and left issue : — 

' Dr. Houstoun's Memoirs. ■ Ante, pp. 82, 88 ^ Hamilton of Wishaw. 



HISTORICAL FAMILIES CONNECTED WITH KILBARCHAN. 235 

(I) George Ludovic. : - -. 

(1) Maiy Erskine. 

(2) Anne Margaret. 

And (2) Anne Walklnsbaw, who died in 1810. 

V. — Ludovic [1816-62], married in 1809, Anne, eldest daughter of 
John Stirhng of Kippendavie, and had a son George, who died in 1843, 
at the age of 33. At the two elections in the year 1837, George Hous- 
toun was returned as M.P. for Renfrewshire in the Conservative interest. 

VI. — George Ludovic [1862- ], son of William Houstoun, is 
seventh in descent from Sir Ludovic Houstoun of Houston [1609-62], and 
eighteenth from Hugo de Padiuan, of the time of King Malcolm IV. 

Arms. — Or a chevron cheque az. and arg. between three martlets sa. 
Crest. — A sand glass ppr. Motto. — In Time. Supporters. — Two hinds. 



IV. — Napier of Blachstone. 

This family was descended from Adam, sixth son of John Napier of 
Merchiston, the inventor of logarithms. 

I. — Alexander Napier [ab. 1650], son or grandson of Adam 
Napier, married Catherine, sole heiress of John Maxwell of Blackstone, 
and thus acquired the estate. They had two sons — John and Alexander. 

II. — John [ab. 1680- ], died unmarried. 

III. — Alexander [1700 ?-175u], was a Captain in the Scots Guards. 
He pulled down the old mansion-house, erected by Al)bot Shaw and 
partly destroyed by fire alter 1730, and built the one that now stands. 
Having made himself conspicuous by being in command of a party of 
militia at the time of the Eebellion, his house at Blackstone was visited 
and plundered by some of the soldiers of Prince Charlie's army, when 
quartered at Glasgow. 

He married Mary Anna Johnstone and had issue. 

IV. — Alexander [1750-1801], his son, was a Captain in the Foot 
Guards. He built the bridge over the Cart at Blackstone in 1762, and 
greatly improved the estate. He married Elizabeth, daughter of the 
Ptev. Henry Millar, and had issue several sons and daughters. 



236 KILBARCHAX. 

V. — Alexander [1801-9], was a Lieut.-Col. of the 92nd High- 
landers, and fell at Corunna. He left no issue, and was succeeded by his 
bi'other. 

VI. — William [1809-43], a banker in Greenock, lost his fortune 
through the failure of the Renfrewshire Bank. In 1843 he sold Blackstone 
to Thomas, brother of Robert Speir of Burnbrae and Culdees. 

Arms. — Arg., a saltire engiailed between four roses gu., with a 
fleur-de-lis as difference. Crest. — A dexter hand holding a crescent arg. 
]\[otto. — Sans Tache. 



V. — Macdowall of Castle Semph, Garthland, and Carruth. 

I. — William Macdowall [1727-48], was the fifth son of Alexander 
Macdowall of Garthland, Wigtonshire — an ancient and powerful family, 
though their reputed ancestor " Dovall of Galloway, who lived about 
230 B.C.," ^ is more than probably only a fiction. He entered the army 
and rose to the rank of Colonel. In 1727 he bought the barony of Castle 
Semple, and eight years later pulled down the house that had stood the 
siege of 1560, and built the house now standing. He married Mary Tovie, 
daughter of Mrs. James Milliken b\f her first husband, and had a son, 
William. By a second marriage he had two sons. 

II. — William [1748-8G], purchased, about 1760, from his cousin, 
William, the family estate of Garthland, Wigtonshire ; and when this 
cousin died in 1775, he became titular head of the family. He made 
large additions to his Renfrewshire estate, and by deepening the Black 
Cart, he lowered the level of the loch, and reclaimed much fertile land." 
He married Elizabeth, daughter of James Graham of Airth, great grand- 
daughter of the great Marquis of Montrose, and had issue eight sons and 
four daughters, of whom the following may be mentioned :— 

1. William. 

2. James, Provost of Glasgow, whose two sons purchased part of the 

Renfrewshire estates in 1809. 

3. Day Hort, b. 1753. 

4. David, who married Eleanor Grant, heiress of Arndilly, and 

assumed her name. 

' Seiuple's Renfreu'shire, p. 149. "Ibid. 



HISTORICAL FAMILIES CONNECTED WITH KILBARCHAN. 237 

1. Mary, who married George Houstouti of Johnstone. 

2. Anne, who married Alexander Cuninghame of Craigends. 

III. — William [1786-1809], was M.P. for Renfrewshire in live 
parliaments. Owing to losses in the West Indies during the Napoleonic 
wars, his estates had to be sold. He died in 1810, without issue. 

lY.— Day Hout [1809], of Walkinshaw, brother of William, III., 
purchased Castle Semple, and died there the same year. He married 
Wilhelmina Graham of Airth, and had issue — William, Day Hort, Henry, 
and three daughters. 

v.— William [1809- , 1820-36], son of the preceding, sold Castle 
Semple, and in 1820 purchased Carruth. He married Elizabeth Dundas, 
and died without issue in 1836. 

YL— General Day Hort [1836-1870], brother of William, V., 
succeeded to Carruth in 1836, and to Garthland, Renfrewshire, and to 
the superiority of Garthland, Wigtonshire, on the death of Lawrence, 
son of James, Provost of Glasgow, in 1842. He married his cousin, 
Eleanor Grant of Arndillv, and died without issue. 

VII. — Henry [1870-82], brother of the two preceding, married in 
1839, Isabella Dennistoun of Golfliill, and had issue : — 

1. William, who died unmarried. 

2. Henry. 

3. Day Hort, who married and has issue a son, Victor Henry Charles, 

and five daughters. 
Also three daughters, of whom one has issue. 

VIII. — Henry [1882- ], married Eleanor Louisa, daughter of 
Sir William Maxwell, sixth Baronet of Monreith. 

Arms. — Az., a lion rampant arg., collared and crowned or. Crest. — 
A lion's paw erased, holding a dagger erect, all ppr. Mottoes. — Fortis in 
Arduis [above crest] ; Vincere vel Mori [under shield]. 



VI. — Milliken Napier of MiUiken. 

I. — James Milliken [1733-41], bought in 1733 the house and lands 
of Johnstone from George Houstoun, and in ignorance or in despite of 



238 KILBAKCHAN. 

.the minatory verse, Ps. xlix. 11, called his possession by his own name. 
He married Mary Steven of St. Kits, W. I., the mother of Mrs. William 
Macdowall of Castle Semple, and had issue a son, James. 

11. — James [1741-76], made great improvements on his esta,te, by 
planting and enclosing it.^ He married Joan, daughter of Alexander 
Macdowall of Garthland, Dumfries, and had issue two sons, who died 
young, and two daughters, of whom the elder, Jean, married Colonel 
William Napier of Culcreuch, Stirlingshire, and had issue, Robert John 
Milliken Napier, horn 1765, and Jean Macdowall Napier, born 1771. 

The Napiers of Culcreuch were descended from Robert Napier, son 
of John Napier [1550-1617], of Merchiston, Edinburgh, the inventor of 
logarithms, and his second wife, Agnes Chisholm of Cromlix." 

HI. — Robert John Milliken Napieu [1776-180S], succeeded his 
grandfather. He was a Colonel in the army, and in command at the 
siege of Mangalore. He sold Culcreuch in 1778. In 1786 he married 
Anne, daughter of Robert Campbell of Downie, Argyllshire, by whom he 
had a son, who succeeded. 

IV. — Sir William John [1808-52], was in 1817, served heir male 
general of Archibald Napier, great grandson of John Napier, the mathe- 
matician. Archibald, the eldest son of John Napier, was in 1627 created 
a baronet of Nova Scotia, and in the same year a peer. On the death of 
his grandson, Archibald, third baronet and third baron, in 1683, the 
peerage went to another line, but the baronetage, after being long 
dormant, was discovered to belong to the Napiers of Culcreuch. William 
John is described as the eighth baronet. He married Eliza Christian, 
fifth daughter of John Stirling of Kippendavie, and had issue : — 

1. Robert John. 

2. John Stirling, who married Janet Brown of Auchintorlie, and left 

issue ; — 

(1) William [1850-85]. 

(2) John Stirling, Major, A. and S. Highlanders. 

(1) Mary Elizabeth. 
1. Mary, who married in 1836, Robert Speir of Culdees. 

' Semple'a Eeufrewshire ; also Old StatUtical Account. -Ante, p. 198. 



HISTORICAL FAMILIES. CONNECTED WITH KILBAKCHAN. 23& 

V. — Sir Robert John [1852-84], married in 1850, Anne Adlercron 
of Moyglai-e, Meath, and had issue : — 

1. Archibald Lennox, b. 1855. 

2. Robert Francis, who died in 1898, of wounds received at Atbara, 

leaving issue. 

3. William Edward Stirling, who has issue. 

1. Anne, who married Sir John Hay. 

2. Aymee, who married Sir George Clark. 

3. Theodora Evelyn. 

VI. — Sir Archibald Lennox, married in 1880, Mary, daughter of 
Sir Thomas Fairbairn, and has issue : — 

1. Alexander, b. 1882. 

2. Robert, b. 1889. 

Arms. — Quarterly : 1st and 4th, arg., a saltire engrailed between 
four roses, gu., the roses barbed vert [for Napier of Merchiston] ; 2nd, 
az., a lion rampant arg., crowned or [for Macdovvall of Garthland] ; 3rd, 
arg., a fesse az., voided of the field between three demi-lions crowned, gu. 
[for Millikeu]. Crests. — 1st, an arm grasping an eagle's leg, ppr. [for 
Napier]; 2Md, a demi-lion, rampant, gu., holding in his dexter fore paw a 
dagger or [for Millikeu] ; Supporters. — Two eagles with their wings 
closed, ppr. Mottoes. — Sans tache ; Regarde bien. 



VII.—Harrey of Cct^tle Semple. 

The Harveys of G*astle Semple are descended from the marriage at 
Banff, 1st December, 1618, of James Harvey of Kilmundy (who claimed 
as ancestor, Robert Fitz Harvey or de Herve, an officer in the army of 
WilHam the Conqueror), and Margaret Baird of Auchmedden, who was a 
lineal descendant of the Royal House of Stewart. 

I. — John Rae Harvey became possessed of Castle Semple at the 
beginning of last century, and at his death in 1820, the estate pa.ssed to 
his elder daughter, Margaret, who was with her sister Elizabeth, Countess 
of Buchan, his only surviving issue. Margaret married Major, afterwards 
Colonel, James Octavius Lee, 92nd Gordon Highlanders (of the family 
of Lee of Ditcliley, Oxfordshire), who assumed the name and arms of 
Harvey by Royal Licence, on his wife's succession to the property. 



240 KILBAKCHAN. 

II. — Margaret [1820-53], married the above Major James Octavius 
Lee in 1816, and had issue : — 

1. John Rae. 

2. James Octavius. 

3. Henry. 

1. Catherine, died unmarried. 

2. Margaret, married her cousin, Sir Charles Farquhar Shand, Chief 

Justice of the Mauritius. He was descended from the Far- 
quhars of Gilmihiscroft, Kyle, and from the Shands, anciently 
Deschamps or de Campo, who came from the south with the 
Gordons and settled in Aberdeenshire. Of this marriage there 
is issue : — 

(1) James Widdrington, present Laird. 

(2) Charles Farquhar, married Mary, daughter of Colonel 

Angell. 

(3) John Auchmedden Buird. 

(4) Stuart Gordon Farquhar. 

(1) Catherine Lee Harvey, married R. MacEwen, and has 

issue. 

(2) Jeanne Somerset Stuart, married Lieutenant Francis 

Owen-Lewis (killed in action in South Africa, 189r*), 
and has issue. 

III. — John IIae Lee Harvey [1853-54], died without issue, and 
was succeeded by his brother. 

IV. — James Octavius Lee Harvey [1854-72], died without issue, 
and was succeeded by his brother. 

V. — Henry Lee Harvey [1872-83], married his cousin, Lady Eliza- 
beth Erskine, daughter of Henry, 12th Earl of Buchan, and had an only 
child, Alice, who died in early youth. 

VI. — James Widdrington Shand-Harvey, the present Laird, who 
succeeded his uncle, Henry Lee Harvey in 1883, and can count among 
his ancestors, besides those already mentioned, the Widdringtons, settled 
in Northumberland before the Conquest ; the Hamiltons of Ballymadonell, 
■County Donegal, a cadet branch of the Abercorn family ; the Wrays of 



HISTORICAL FAMILIES CONNECTED WITH KILBARCHAN. 241 

Glentworth, Lincolnshire; William, fourth Earl of Glencairn ; Sir Basil 
Brooke of Colebrooke, second in command of Lord Mountjoy's Expedition 
to Ireland in the time of Elizabeth, and is collaterally connected with the 
family of the Earl of Leitrim through their common ancestors, the 
Clements of Barkinny, County Cavan. 

He married Emily Augusta Rosina, eldest daughter of Geoi'ge 
Robinson, Esq., grandson of Edward Robinson of Havering-atte-Bower, 
Essex, a descendant of the Robinsons of Ptokeby, Yorkshire, and has 
issue : — 

James George Gordon Farquhar. 

Margaret Emily Lee Harvey Farquhar. 

Arms. — Gu.,on abend erminois three trefoils slipped vert on a chief 
arg. a buck's head caboshed az. between two mullets of the 1st, and in 
the sinister chief point of the field a cross patee of the 4th. Crest. — Out 
of a crescent or, charged with a buck's head, as in the arms, a cubit arm, 
ppr., the hand grasping a trefoil slipped erect vert. The arm charged 
with an ermine spot gu. Motto. — Omnia bene [for Harvey]. 

Az., a boar's head couped arg., three mullets gu., in chief of the 2nd, 
with a border ermine charged with three escutcheons gu. for the surname 
of Hay. Crest. — A dove volant above the waters, with an olive branch 
in her beak, ppr. Motto. — Virtute duce comite fortuna [for Shand]. 

VIII. — Cai>tai)i Stirling of Glentijdn [_1810-72]. 

James Stirling (b. 1789), was the fourth son of John Stirling of 
Kippendavie, by his wife, Mary, daughter of William Graham of Airth, 
and grand-daughter of Sir Henry Stirling of Ardoch. The Stirlings of 
Kippendavie are a branch of the Stirlings of Keir. Captain Stirling was 
in command of H.M.S. Ferret, which acted as escort to the BeUenyphon 
which conveyed Napoleon to St. Helena. He purchased Glentyan from 
William Napier Milliken in the year 1817. 

He married (l) in 1820, his cousin, Mary, daughter of Day Hort 
Macdowall of Castle Semple (ob. 1839); and (2) in 1844, his cousin, 
Elizabeth Christian Dundas, widow of William Macdowall of Garthland. 
Captain Stirling made large additions to his property, and greatly changed 
the general plan of the village of Kilbarchan by removing the houses in 
Stirling Street, the Cowloan, the Stackyard, and the Merchant's Close. 
He died in 1872, and Mrs. Stirling in 1884. 

02 



242 KILBARCHAN. 

Arms. — Arg., on a bend sa., three buckles or, in chief a crescent of 
the second. Crest. — A Moor's head sa., banded about the temples arg. 
Motto. — Gang forward. 



IX. — Speir of Blaclistone, etc. 

I. — Thomas Speir of Blackstone [1843-74], was the fourth son of 
Kobert Speir, third laird of Burnbrae. He was born in 1801, and bought 
Blackstone from William Napier in 1843. He died in 1874, without 
issue. 

II. — Robert Thomas Napier Speir [1874- ], is nephew of the 
above, being the son of Robert, fourth laird of Burnbrae, by his wife, 
Mary, daughter of Sir William Milliken Napier. He married in 1868, 
the Hon. Emily, daughter of the second Lord Gilford, and has issue — four 
sons and two daughters. The heir, Guy Thomas, bom 1875, married 
Mary, daughter of John Fletcher of Saltoun, and has issue. 

Arms. — Az., two tilting spears in saltire, between four boar's heads 
couped or, on a chief arg. a mullet between two ci'escents gu. Crest. — 
A dexter arm in armour embowed, wielding a tilting spear, all ppr.. 
Motto. — Advance. 



CHAPER XII [. 
Places and Place Names. 

Languages are the pedigrees of nations. 

—Motto at Glasgow ExhibUion. 
Once more we find place names to be the best source of information regarding the long by-past. 

— Bloch's History of France. 

Earliest inhabitants of Strathclyde — The Damnonii — Celtic Kingdom of Strathclyde — Gaelic 
becomes the vernacular— English influences after 1057— Classification of Place Names- 
Phonetic decay — Hybrid derivations defended — Alphabetical list of names and possible 
explanations — The Barbours of Auchinames and of Law — The Semples of Cartside — The 
Wallaces of Johnstone — Proprietors of Penneld — Ranfurly, its divisions, Castle, and 
antiquities — The Speirs of Wardhouse — The Montgomeries of Weitlands. 

In the Kilbarchau place-names we encounter problems as interesting as 
they are difficult. On the one hand we cannot help wondering how the 
streams and hills, the moorlands and fields obtained the names by which 
they have been known in some cases for hundreds of years ; on the other 
hand the explanations given are often as diverse as the authorities who 
give them, and there are many cases where no satisfactory explanation 
has as yet been offered. 

Kilbarchan being part of Strathclyde, has, of course, shared in the 
changes and vicissitudes which constitute the romantic story of that 
ancient kingdom, many of which are faithfully recorded in its place-names. 
From these names we learn the languages which wex-e spoken here, and 
thei-efore the races of people who inhabited the district for the last two 
thousand years. 

The earliest inhabitants of Strathclyde, and of the rest of the country 
too. of whom we have any knowledge are known as the Iberians or Firbolg. 
They were a people of short stature, with long heads, crisp dark hair, 
black eyes, and swarthy skins, whose fate, whether it was extermination 
or absorption or slavery that they suffered at the hands of the invading 
Celts, was in any case a hard one. No doubt they had names for the 
islands and seas, the mountains and rivers of their native land, and these 

243 



244 KILBARCHAN. 

names may have been to some extent adopted by their successors, to 
whose minds they conveyed no meaning and in whose mouths the syllables 
became so distorted that in course of time they would be beyond the 
power of" recognition by even the most sagacious philologist. Very few 
place-names in Scotland have been put to the credit of the Iberians, and 
none, we believe, with anything like certainty. 

At the time of its invasion by the Romans, a.d. 80, the northern 
part of Strathclyde was inhabited by the Damnonii, a Goidelic people, 
akin to the inhabitants of Devon and Cornwall ; while the remaining 
parts were occupied by Brythoiis, a later immigration of the Celts. During 
the Roman occupation the Strathclyde Britains were exposed to Roman 
or continental influences, but not to such an extent that they adopted the 
language of their conquerors. 

After the withdrawal of the Romans the Brythonic Celts drew together 
and formed an independent kingdom, with frontiers, however, which were 
neither scientific nor permanent. At one time this kingdom may have 
extended along the western sea board from Dumbarton to Cornwall, but 
later it had so shrunk that it included only what are now the counties of 
Dumbarton, Renfrew, and Lanark. The capital was Alcluith (Dumbarton). 
An ingenious author ^ maintains that the chivalrous Arthur was King 
of Strathclyde, and he attempts to identify some places not far from 
Kilbarchan with some of the famous places mentioned in the Arthurian 
legends. 

Strathclyde retained its political indejieudence only for about three 
or four hundred years. This was not surprising considering the extra- 
ordinary want of political foresight displayed by its ruleis in so often 
throwing in their lot with the side which turned out to be the losers in 
battle, and considering, too, that it was surrounded by restless and enter- 
prising peoples who lived but to make war, and who took care that 
Strathclyde should never occupy the comparatively safe position of a 
neutral state. During the seventh, eighth, and ninth centuries Strath- 
clyde was again and again over-run by hordes of Picts, Scots, Angles, 
Saxons, Norwegians, and Danes, some of whon), forgetful of home ties, 
made new homes for themselves in the country they had entered as allies 
or invaders. In the year 870, Alcluith was captured, after a siege of four 
months, by the Viking or Northmen under Olaf the White, King of 
Dublin. This did not quite end the kingdom of Strathclyde, for the 



J. S. Stii.ait-Glennie. 



PLACES AND PLACE NAMES. 245 

title of King or Prince survived and was borne by several who afterwards 
ascended the Scottish throne. In respect to supplying the heir-apparent 
to the throne with a title, Strathclyde aftbrds a singular and interesting- 
parallel to Wales. 

According to Chalmers the Britains of Strathclyde, after the fall of 
their capital, left their country in a body, or as we might say trekked, and 
settled near their racial kindred in North Wales, where, he says, their 
descendants nine hundred years later could be distinguished by certain 
peculiarities of speech and person. Whether such a trek took place or 
not, it is certain that at an early period, perhaps not later than 1000 A.D., 
the Celtic language sjwken in Kllbarchan was of the Gaelic, not of the 
Welsh or Cymric type. As it is not unlikely that Angles and Saxons, 
Danes and Norsemen, as well as Gaels, found Strathclyde a pleasant place 
in which to make a home, the variety of languages spoken in Kilbarchan 
for a time may have illustrated anew the inconveniences experienced at 
the Tower of Babel. In spite of rivals, however, the Gaelic language held 
its ground long enough and firmly enough to give to many places the 
names they bear to-day. 

The churchmen introduced by Queen Margaret after 1057, the settle- 
ment in Renfrewshire of Walter, son of Alan, the Steward, after 1140, 
the foundation of the great religious house at Paisley about 1163, and the 
acquisition by it of lands in Kilbarchan under Thomas of St. Martin's 
gift about 1177, laid Kilbarchan open to irresistible English influences, 
and the Saxon language, or a dialect of it, gradually ousted the language 
of the Gael. It is impossible to say when Gaelic ceased to be the 
vernacular in Kilbarchan ; if we judge from the names of the incumbents 
there can have been no regular religious services in Gaelic since the 
Reformation, though it is not unlikely that Mr. John Mac Queen, the 
vicar before 1568, and Sir Robert Mac Aulay, chaplain of the Lady 
Chapel at Ranfurly in 1542, may have made use in their ministrations of 
what, unless their patronymics belie them, was their mother tongue. 

The brief sketch we have given of the history of Strathclyde shows 
the variety of languages to which appeal may be legitimately made in 
seeking for solutions to the problems proposed to us in our place-names. 
Considering the remarkable longevity of such names it is not impossible 
but that Iberian, Brythonic, Goidelic, Norse, Danish, Anglo-Saxon, 
Latin, and Norman-French may have contributed to their formation. 
In actually dealing with the names, however, we shall have reason to 
make appeal only in one or two instances to languages other than the 



246 KILBAKCHAN. 

Celtic and the Saxon ; but it may be that in the case of the words we 
have been compelled to leave unexplained a derivation should be sought 
in some of the other languages once spoken by at least some of the 
inhabitants of Sti'athclyde. 

The Kilbarchan place-names may be divided into four (or shall we 
say five ?) groups : — 

I. Names applied by Cymric-speaking inhabitants of Strathclyde. 
These are usually names for natural objects and for the most ancient 
settlements ; e.g. — Bar, Cart, Gryffe, Locher, Penuld. 

II. Names applied by Gaelic-speaking settlers ; e.g. — Craigends, 
Auchans, Auchinsale, Auchincloich, Auchinames. 

III. Names applied by Saxon speaking peoples and characterised by 
at least one Saxon syllable [1100- ]; e.g. — Blacks-tozm, J ohns-totm, 
Glads-^OH», Bar-/io//H, Bar-/;///, Boyds-^yarcZ, Dry-gate. 

IV. Names traceable to the Latin and probably due to monkish 
influence [after 1177]; e.g. — Green [from low Lat. Grenagium], Mains 
[contraction for Demesne from L. maneo]. 

V. Names generally fanciful applied to new houses by their inhabi- 
tants [nineteenth century]. We have not thought it necessary to men- 
tion or to attempt to explain these. 

Place-names, though wonderfully enduring, are by no means 
absolutely permanent and stereotyped. The syllables tend to change 
from generation to generation and to run into one another, especially in 
the mouths of people whose language is other than that in wdiich the name 
has originated. When we consider that some names have been at the 
mercy of oral tradition for centuries after they were first applied, and that 
in Kilbarchan some of them have been handed on by a Cymric-speaking 
people to Gaelic speakers and then again to Saxon speakers, who, finding 
the words hard to pronounce, involuntarily changed them, or under the 
influence of fancied resemblance or false analogies deliberately deformed 
them, the marvel is that the older names retain any recognisable trace of 
their origin. We find, just as we should expect to find, that the names 
which have most eff'ectually resisted the vicissitudes they have thus had 
to encounter, are words of one or at most of two syllables, the veiy 



PLACES AND PLACE NAMES. 247 

definiteness and simplicity of which have enabled them to bid defiance to 
such corrupting influences ; e.g. — Bar, Grif, Cart, Penuld. 

Many of the Kilbarchan names are undoubtedly hybrids — that is, one 
part belongs to one language, e.g. Celtic, and the other part to another 
language, e.g. Saxon. Such derivations are regarded by philologists with 
the gravest suspicion. Yet we have only to glance back on the past of 
Kilbarchan to find ample justification for accepting and defending some of 
these suspicious hybrid derivations. E.g. — Bar, meaning a head or hill, 
is a British or Goidelic word. It was once applied to a tract of country 
to the left of the Kilbarchan burn, and came to be so named from its 
chief natural feature, viz., the hill now known as Barhill. " Bar in Kilbar- 
chan "occurs frequently in the Sempill charters, and was to all appearance 
a well defined property. As long as the land remained moorland or 
forest, there was no inconvenience in designating the whole of it Bar ; but 
as agriculture advanced and the number of inhabitants increased, Bar 
came to be divided into several parts or perhaps holdings, which it would 
be inconvenient not to be able to distinguish. The necessity for such 
distinctions seems to have arisen when Saxon was the prevalent language ; 
and so we have Bar-HILL and Bar-HOLM, Bar-BUSH, Bar-SYDE, and 
perhaps Bar-CPtOFT (Branscroft). Each of these words is a hybrid (Bar- 
hill is tautological, Barholm contradictory), and as such incurs the sus- 
picion of etymologists ; yet if we take into account the circumstances 
under whicli these names probably originated, the derivations we offer 
are, we maintain, plausible, if not absolutely certain. 

Another method of distinguishing two places or objects of the same 
name, a method not uncommon in Kilbai'chan, may have given rise to 
hybrids, and may effectually conceal the true derivation. Distinctions 
were sometimes made by throwing together two proper names ; e.g. — Kert- 
Loucwynhok, E,anfurly-Knox and Ranfurly-Cuninghame, Bar-pennald, 
Craiginfeoch-Chalmers. In these cases the process is perfectly apparent, 
but there may be instances in which it has become more or less disguised. 
It is not impossible that the first two syllables of Brannocklie are Bar 
Knoc, i.e. Knox's Bar. By metathesis and elision, Bar Knoc becomes 
Branoc. The syllable lie may have been added at a later date when it 
became necessary, or at least convenient, to distinguish Branoc pasture 
land or ley from Branoc arable land. Such a method of forming names, it 
is evident, gives no security that the syllables in the I'esulting word will 
be all of them Saxon or all of them Celtic. 



-MS KILBARCHAN. 

Ill the list wliicli follows we have included all the more impoi-taiit 
Kilbarchan place-names that are not quite modern ; for the derivations 
and sig-nitications given, we claim that in most cases they are at all events 
possiljle, and perhaps in some cases very probable. The contractions made 
use of are as follows: — B.= British ; W.= Welsh ; G.= Gaelic ; 
A.S. = Anglo-Snxon; E.= English ; L. Latin. ^ 

AuCHiNAMES. — Older forms, Hauinnamys (1409), Auchynnamys (1488), 
Auchinamys (1526), Auchnames (1537), Achnems (1605), Authyn- 
hame, etc., etc. 

G. Achadh naomh : holy held ; 
or G. Achadh-an-neimhiadh : field of the shrine. 

Nole.—John Barbour, Senior, merchant in Kilbarchan, who bought the Castle 
and the surrounding ground in 1762, was Justice of Peace and Baron's Bailie 
(ob. 17 May, 1770). He married Janet Fulton, Broomknowes, and had issue : — 

1. John, Bailie likewise, proprietor of Law and Lawmarnock, who married 

Anne, daughter of William Pollock, Minister of Killallan, and had issue — 
William, Janet, Barbara, and Margaret ; he built Forehouse in 1773. 

2. William, who married Margaret Wilson of Bowfield, and had issue — 

John, William, Robert, Humphrey, and Janet. 

3. Humphrey, who heired Auchinames, and in 1779 built Baiikhead House, 

which was taken down by Captain Stirling after 1817. 

1. Margaret, who married William Jamieson, merchant. Paisley, and had 

issue. 

2. Mary, who married John How, merchant, Kilbarchan, and had issue. 

3. Janet, who married (1) William Stewart, merchant. Paisley ; and (2) Mr. 

James Blair, Sheriff- Substitute. 

4. Martha, who married John Stevenson, Surgeon, Paisley, and had issue. 

The four silver communion cups still in use in the Parish Church were gifts 
from four of the members of this family, viz. : — John Barbour, Junr., merchant 
in Kilbarchan ; William Barbour, merchant in Kilbarchan ; William Stuart, mer- 
chant in Paisley ; and Hugh Jamison, merchant in Manchester. There is 
inscribed on each, after the donor's name, the words, — " Lord, let Kilbarchan 
flourish through the preaching of the Word." The date on the box is 1762. 

AUCHINCLOICH. — 

G. Achadh-na-cloiche : field of the stone. 



1 These languages are not all independent of each other — e.^. , British is old Welsh, as Anglo- 
Saxon is old English. 



PLACES AND PLACE NAMES. -249 

AuCHiNDUNAX. — Older forms, Auchindinnane, Hathendounan, Hachyn- 
diinan. 

G. Achadh-nan-dunain : field of the hills ; 
or G. Achadh-an-dunan : field of the little hill. 

AUCHINSALE. — 

G. Achadh-an-t-sabhail : field of the bai'n ; 
or G. Achadh-an-seilich : field of the willow. 

AucHEXs. — Older forms, Auchynche (1484), Auchinch, Auchinchoss. 
G. Achadb-na-h-innse : field of the inch or pasture ; 
or G. Achadh-an-chois : field of the cavern. 

Banks and Bankhead. — 
E. Banc : a hillock. 

Bar or Bakr. — 
B. Bar : a hill. 

Babbush. — 

i.e., the bush or thicket by or near Bar. 

Note. — There were two places of this name— that so named now and a field 
opposite the manse avenue. — Ante, p. 175 n. 

Barhill. — 

i.e., the hill land of Bar. 

Note. — The fort indicated on the O.S. map can now scarcely be traced. 
Maxwell, writing in 1792, describes it as semicircular in form, defended on the 
south by a parapet of loose stones, and on the north by the perpendicular rocks. 
It is ascribed by him to the Danes ; he, however, mentions the legend that Sir 
William Wallace once defended himself here, and that sitting on a pinnacle of 
rock — hence called Wallace's chair — he enticed the English soldiers into the bog 
at the bottom, where they perished. Chalmers [1824] takes notice of it, and says 
that it was a Celtic stronghold. 

Barholm. — 

i.e., the low land of Bar. 

Barnaigh. — 

G. Barr-na-feachd : hill of the army. 

Barmufflock. — 

Perhaps G. Muc-lochaidh : perch accounts for part of this name. 
The high ground near may have contributed the syllable " Bar " at 
the beginning of the word. 

h2 



250 KILBARCHAN. 

Note. — This was an important holding in Semple's time [1782]. It was at one 
time owned by John Taylor, who sold it to Mr. Emmanuel Walker of Craigbet, 
son-in-law to Alexander Porterfield of that ilk. His grandson, Emmanuel, sold it 
in 1767 to Captain Lachlan M'Lean ; for three years it was owned by John 
Kennedy, who built a house with a slate roof and sold it in 1782 to Andrew 
Troop. 

Barnbeth. — Older forms, Barbethe (1440), Barnbath (1704). 
G. Bar-nam-beith : hill of the birch trees. 

Barnbrock. — 

G. Bar-nam-broch : hill of the badger. 

Barngreen. — 

E. The green or sward near the barn : at one time there were several 
public barns in Kilbarchan where the householders, who had each his 
patch of ground, stored and threshed their oats. 
Or E. The baron's green ; the Cross was the official centre of the town, 
where markets and the baron's bailie's court were held. 

Barroch. — 

G. Barroch : hillocky place. 

Barsyde. — 

E. Syde or district near the Bar. 

Berryfaulds. — 

E. Folds or enclosures where berry bushes grew. 

Between-the-Hills. — Other form, 'Tween-ye-hills. 

This is a translation of " inter duos coUes" of a charter of date 1177 

\_Reg. de Pass., p. 49]. 
Blackstoun. — Other form, Blaxtou. 

E. The dwelling or homestead of one Black. 

BOGHOUSE. — 

E. The house on or near the bog. 
BooTSTOUN. — Other forms, Butston, Boatston, Biitsmailling. 

E. The dwelling or homestead of one Bute [Ante, pp. 35, 36]. 
Borland. — Other forms, Boarland, Boreland. 

E. Bord land ; i.e., land the produce of which provided maintenance 
for the chief's table. 
Or E, Bere land ; i.e., land suitable for growing here or barley. 
Or G. Mhor lann : large enclosure. 



PLACES AND PLACE NAMES. 251 

BoYDSYARD. — Other form, The Boggard, 
E. Boyd's yard, garden or enclosure. 

Braes. — 

G. Braigh : upper part, 

Beannocklie. 

E. The pasture land (lie) of Knox's Bar [;vide, -p. 247]. 

Branscroft. — Otlier forms, Barnscroft, Brandiscroft, Baronscroft, Brans- 
craft. 

E. The croft or cropped land retained by the Baron ; 
or E. The cropped land near Bar. 

Note. — Brandy Street, the old name for Steeple Street, is evidently a corrup- 
tion for Brandiscroft Street. Eobert Allison, whose ancestors were in possession 
of this holding for several generations, emigrated with his family to North Carolina 
in 1766. 

Bridgeflatt. — 

E. Level ground near the bridge. 

Bridge of Weir. — Older form, Port of Weir. 
E. Port : way, crossing place. 

Note. — The weir or yare was constructed in the first instance for fishing pur- 
poses. M. Gemmill, writing about fifty years ago, says—" Marks of this salmon 
weir are to be seen on both sides of the water, near the old manse on one side and 
the old corn mill on the other." There was a bridge here before 1770. 

Bridgesyde. — 

E. The border or district near the bridge. 

Brookfield. — 

Modern and fanciful name. 

Burnfoot. — 

-foot may be, as in Arran, for G. bun : mouth of a river ; 
or E. thwate or thweit : land cleared of wood [Professor Veitch]. 

BUTTHALL and BUTTMEADOW. — 

The latter now called "Gateside" was probably the site of the butts 
where archery was practised. 

-hall : a house of some pretensions. The word seems to have been 
frequently applied in Kilbarchan banteringly. 



252 KILBAECHAX. 

BuRNTSHiELS. — Other forms, Brouueschelis (1526), Brintscheillis (1572), 
Brjntschele, Brenchal. 

Possibly E. Burnt shielings or temjiorary huts. The ruins may have 
remained unrepaired long enough to allow the name to originate. 
Or E. Brown's shielings. 

Note. — According to Crawfurd there was at one time a family of the name of 
Bruntchells of that ilk who sold their possession to Lord Sempill in 15-17, and 
the Sempills of Burntshiels were therefore cadets of the family of Sempill. In 
1782 Nether Burntshiels belonged to John Speir, whose brother Archibald at one 
time owned Upper Burntshiels. Robert, son of the latter, sold his possession in 
1770 to James Couper, at Firmakine, who in turn sold it to James Graham, 
surgeon in Paisley. 

Callochaxt. — Other forms, Calzachant (1401), Calyuchant (1565), 
Calloch-haugh (1753), Coollochhant (1782), Killochard, Coulterhart, 
Colquhat. 

G. Cul tir ard : back land that is hio-h. 



Calside. — 

E. Cold side or place, in reference to the soil which may have been 
cold or sour. 

Cart. — Older forms, Kert, Kart. 

W. Carthu : to cleanse and therefore the same as Clyde (Clotha).^ 

Cartside. — 

E. District or land near the Cart. 

Note. — For twenty -four years [1750-74] Cartside was in the possession of John 
Semple and James his son, who were descended from the Semples of Balgreen. 
The latter in 1774 sold Cartside to William Barr of Braes and Goldenknows, 
and with his wife and seven children emigrated to America. William Semple, 
born in 1747, the writer of the History of BenfreusJiire, was a grandson of John 
Semple. His father, William, farmed the lands of Easter Kaimhill and Boaks- 
hill for twenty-seven years [1740-67], and his twin-brother John went to America 
in 1765. The proprietor of Cartside in 1837 was John Barr. 

Clayfauld. — 

E. Fold or enclosure the walls of which were made of clay. 

Clayslapt. — 

Cleavens. — Other forms, Clavens, Clovens. 



\V. CarcU : narrow or strait (M. Gemmill). 



PLACES AND PLACE XAMES. 253 

Clippens. — Other form, Clippings. 

Perhaps E, Chppinghouse on the analogy of Claver's for Claverhouse 
and Slates for Slatehouse. 

l^ote. — The ancestors of the proprietor in 1782, John Cochran, according to 
Sample, " possessed these lands for more than three hundred years." His wife was 
Mary Wilson of Bowfield, and they had issue — Hugh, Peter (a surgeon), and Joan. 

Clochoderick. — Other form.s, Clochrodric (1204), Clochotrich (1270), 
Clouchrocherg (1272), Cloriddrick. 

Sir H. Maxwell says that it is the stone (G. Clach) of Ryderch (Hael), 
ruler of Strathclyde in the sixth century.^ 

COALBOG and COALPARK. — 

E. Bog and park, near which were coal mines. 

CORBERT. — 

W. Corberth (cor perth) : dwarf bush. 

Corse AR. — 

W. Cors or E. carse and Bar : meadow by the Bar or hill ; 
or Cors for Cross (see Crossflat). 

COWPARK. — 

E. Perhaps so called because used as a common for the villagers' 
cows. 

Craigends. — Other forms, Craganys, Craiganis. 
G. Creag-na-h-innse : rock of the meadow. 

Craigneoch. — 

Perhaps G. Creag-na-feachd : rock of the army. 

Craigrooden. — 

Perhaps G. Creag rtidan : knobby hill. 

Craigton. — Other form, Craigston. 
E. Craig's homestead. 

Note. — Purchased from James M'Kemmie in 1775 by Alexander, son of 
Alexander Speir and Margaret Barbour, his wife. 

Ckaigwoodie. — 



* So also Chalmers, who, however, suggests B. Cloch-y-drywd, G. Cloch-a-draoi'ach ; stone of 
the Druids. 



254 KILBARCHAN. 

Croked-aiken. — 

G. Crochaid aite : hanging place. 



Possibly for cross roads ; or Market Cross marking the official centre 
of the Barony. 

Crossflat. — Other form, Corslet. 

Possibly level ground near the Cross. 

Note. — Crosses were often set up by the ancient men of religion not only for 
devotional purposes, but also to mark the boundaries of church and abbey lands. 

Daluith. — Other form, Darluith. 

Perhaps G. Dail dliubh : black meadow. 

Note. — Semple applies this name to the rivulet which passes near. 

Damton. — Other forms, Danton, Dambtoun, Damptoun. 
E. The homestead near the dam. 

Note. — That a dam was in the neighbourhood is proved by the fact that curling 
stones of an ancient type were dug up in the field which borders on Burntshiels. 
The Hows at one time owned Damton, Law, Upper or Hair's Pinnel, Wester 
Wheatlands, Over Johnstone, and Syde in Kilmalcolm. 

Deafhillock. — 

donaldfield. — 

Perhaps for (Dun) donakl field. The Earl of Dundonald at one time 

owned this and the adjoining estates, 
DrYCxATE. — 

E. Dry gate or way. The way by the Cart would be the wet way 

since it is impassable in wet weather. 

DUBSYDE. — 

E. Land near the pool or marsh. 
Easwald. — Other form, Oswald (1724). 

Perhaps A.S. meaning East wood. 
Erskine Falls. — 

E. Enclosures or folds belonging to John and James Erskine \cinte, 

p. .36]. 

EwiNci Street. — 

Perhaps so called after Ewing, a residenter in or builder of the first 
house here {ante, pp. 98, 170). 



PLACES AND PLACE NAMES. 255 

Faulds. — Probably of Auchiuaiues. 
E. Enclosures for cattle. 

FoREHorsE and Foresyde. — 

E. Front house and front land. 

Note. — Most of old Kilbarchan lay in the glen or hollow near the church. Fore 
house, as compared with the rest of the houses, would have been in the open or 
front part. (For John Barbour, jun., vide Auchinames.) 

FuLDUB. — Other forms, Fauldubs, Fouldub. 

Perhaps E. The fold or enclosure near the dub or marsh. 

Fulton. — Other forms, Fowlton, Foultoun. 

E. Fold town ; i.e., the homestead near the fold or enclosure. 

Gateside. — 

A modern name ; the gate referred to is probably that of the 
adjacent churchyard. 

Gladstone. — 

E. Gled's homestead or dwelling ; a gled is a kite. 

Note. — At one time Gled was not an uncommon surname ; the second Kilbar- 
chan curate had this as an alias \cinte, pp. 101-4]. 

Glextyax. — Other form, Glentayne. 

G. Gleann-t-sithein : glen of the fairy mound ; 
or G. Gleann-nan-tighean : glen of the houses ; 
or G. Gleann-dithein : glen of gules or marigold. 

Note. — The ancient village lay wholly in this glen. The house was built by 
Alexander Speir in 1781. 

GoLKHALL. — cf. Boakshill (Semple). 

Perhaps E. Gowkhill : the hill of the cuckoo. [For -hall, i'iV?e p. 251.] 

GOWDENKNO WES. — 

Perhaps Goldie's knowes, i.e., the braes pastured by a grazier of the 
name of Goldie. 
Or, a fanciful name from the presence of broom- or whin-bushes. 

Green. — 

L. Granagium [granum agere] : the grange, or place to which the 
grain-tithes and -rents were borne. 



256 KILBARCHAN, 

Oreenside. — 

E. The border or district near the grange. 

Note. — The Paisley monks may have had a grange in the neighbourhood for the 
convenience of their Moniabrock tenants. 

Greystonefauld. — 

E. The fauld near Gray's homestead ; 
or E. The fold the walls of which were of grey stone — and so distin- 
guished from Clay fauld. 

Gbyffe.^ — Other forms Grif, Grief, Grytf. 

G. Garbh : rough stream and therefore the same as Garry and 
Yarrow ; 
or W. Grif : frog spawn. 

Hairlaw. — 

E. Hair's law or hill \_ante p. 125, n.]. 

Hairspinnel. — Other form, Harispinnel. 

i.e., the part of the Pinnel owned by Hair [vide Penwold]. 

Hairswaas. — 

Hair's as before, and loaas may be — 

1. a corruption of well, a spring ; 

2. a contraction for wassellum, low L. for valliculum : a den ; 

cf. Waashill. 
or 3. in reference to the wall made by the outcrop of basalt rock. 

Hardgate. — 

E. Hard road. 

Hardhouse. — 

E. The house near the above road. 

Horsewood. — 

HuTHEAD. — Other form, Halthead. 

Johnstone. — 

E. John's dwelling or homestead. 

iV^o<«.— Before 1733 the name was applied to land lying wholly on the left bank 
of the Cart. At the end of the fourteenth century it was owned by an heiress of 

' W. Grif : wide or broad [M. Gemmill]. 



HriX.S OF RAXFl'RLY CASTLE 



PLACES AND PLACE NAMES. 257 

the name of Nisbet, whom Thomas, younger son of John Wallace of Elderslie, 
married. There were Wallaces in Johnstone for more than two hundred years — 
hence arose the name of " Wallace's Chair," applied to a curious disposition of 
rocks in the neighbourhood. Robert Wallace of Johnstone fell at Flodden fighting 
"under the standard of our late most illustrious prince James IV., King of the 
Scots." The name of William Wallace of Johnstoun frequently occurs in the 
Register of the Privy Council (1589-92) as cautioner for the good conduct of his 
friends, where he is described as "a landit man." In the inventory of his personal 
effects, at his death in 1612, mention is made of " seven cut ash trees lying beside 
the Place of Johnstoun — price of them all seven pounds." James Wallace 
[1612-17] married Margaret Lindsay, and left issue William, Robert, John, 
Elizabeth, Jean. William Wallace [1617-46] married Agnes Porterfield, who 
brought him £3251 Scots as her dowry. They had a daughter, Jean, who was 
left 100 merks under the will of her aunt, Jean Porterfield, widow of Robert 
Hamilton of Torrence. 

Kaimhill. — Other forms, Caymhill, ye Caymhill. 

W. Cwm ; G. Cam : crooked, was a name applied to land which lay 
in the curve of a stream. 

Kenmure. — 

G. Ceann mor : great head, i.e., the larger of the two hills mentioned 
under Auchendunan. 

KiBBLESTON. — Other forms, Kubblestou, Kiblestone. 
E. Kibble's dwelling or homestead. 

Langside. — 

Probably, long strip or slope. 

LiNWOOD. — Other forms, Lynwod, Lynwode, ye Lenwode. 

Possibly loiin, or sheltered, wood ; or Unci, or lime-tree, wood. 

Lin wooDHOLM. — 

Meadow near Lin wood. 

LOCHEND. — 

Possibly Lochland, i.e., land near the loch. 

LocHER. — Other form, Lochoc, 

G. Luachair : rushes, therefore rushy stream. 
W. Llwchur : stream which forms pools. 

LOCHBEX. — 

E. Enclosure near the loch. 

I 2 



258 KILBAECHAN. 

Law. — 

A.S. Hlaew : a cairn ; such an eminence was vised as a meeting- 
place or court, and perhaps also in connection with funeral rites and 
as a place of sepulture. 
Lawmarnock. — Other form, Lynnernocht. 
Perhaps the law of St. Ernoc. 

Lint WHITE. — 

-lohi'e is said to he for -quit or quliite, land uncultivated in the midst 

of tilled land ; or a clearing in a wood. cf. A.S. thwate. 
Mains. — 

For demesne, Lat. maneo, land held in the proprietor's own hands. 
Manswraes. — Other forms, Manniswra (1589), Mausealragh (1750), 

Manswary. 

Perhaps G. Manas-an-rath : farm of the fort. 
Marshall Moor. — Older form, Merschell Muir of Clochodereyk.^ 

Probahly called after the Marshalls of Clochoderick [1549--1680']. 

Meadside. — 

Modern name, possibly applied by Rev. John M'Laren. 

Merchiston. — 

Name probably imported by the Napiers from Midlothian. 
Merchanistoun (1494) looks like merchant's town, but is more pro- 
bably Murchie's or Murdoch's town. 

Merryriggs. — 

Probably Merry's ridges. 
MiDDLETON. — 

The homestead in the middle or between two others. 
Mill.— 

Glentyan-, Locher-, Johnstone- (afterwards Milliken-), St. Bride's- 

Walk-, -o' Cart, and Penneld-. 

Miller's Park. — 

Either the miller's enclosure or Miller's enclosure. 

Milliken. — In Galloway, Milligan. 
Erse, Maologan : shaveling. 

1 Crawford's Protocol Book. ■ IbiJ. ^ Preshy. Becords. 



PLACES AND PLACE NAMES. 259 

MONKLAND. — 

Contraction for Mango's land or acre. This farm did not belong to 
the Abbey monks. 

MOOREFOOT. — 

Probably in contrast to Murehead. For -foot vide Burnfoot. 

Moss-field, -land, -side. — 
Meanings apparent. 

Muirhead. — 

Vide Moorefoot. 

Nebanoy. — Other forms, Nebany, Newbanay, Abbanoy. 

New Street. — Other form, New Raw. 

About 1747 six or eight feus, on the right going from the Cross, were 
taken up and houses built. 

Overton. — 

A. S. Ufera ton : upper dwelling. 

Penwold. — Other forms, Penuld and Pennald (ab. 1177), Pannel, Pinnel, 
Penneld. 
W. Pen allt : cliff or wood end.^ 

Note. — Sir John Craufurd mentions '■ Elezebeth Wallace, auld ladye Pennall, 
who made John Mershall of Clochoderich, Walter Knok, and Alex' Hayr, her son, 
her heirs " [22nd Dec, 1549]. The property was divided into Upper or Hair's 
Penneld and Nether or Rodger's Penneld. William Rodger built a bouse and put 
the date on it, 16G3 ; and afterwards sold it to one Marshall, proprietor of the 
other Penneld. Marshall's daughter married Mr. Thomas Kennedy, and bad 
issue — 

1. Anne, who married Robert Dalrymple, and got the Pennelds as her dowry. 

They, along with Hairswalls and Craigroading, were sold to James 
Milliken in 1755. 

2. Grissel, who married James How of Forehouse, a son of How of Damton, 

and got Wester Wheatlands as her dowry. Their son, John How, mer- 
chant in Kilbarcban, married Mary Barbour, and had issue — James, 
John, William, Thomas, and Mary. 
Both Semple and Maxwell mention a ruined castle at Penneld, which tradition 
said was built by Haic, but he being slain in the interval, never completed it. 
The mill of Penneld was demolished in 1770, yet the mill stones were to be seen, 
/ in loco, until about forty years age. 



W. Penguaul : wall's end. Vide Sir H. Maxwell's Scottish Place Names, pp. 65, 66. 



260 KILBARCHAN. 

Parkhead. — 

Probably top of tbe " Pave " or enclosed ground. 

Passinglinn. — Other forms, Pishinglinn, Pishenlinn. 
Possibly G. or W. Pit lion : flax town. 

Nate. ~^The intermediate forms with their indelicate allusions arose from a false 
analogy. The present form was adopted in compliance with a daintier taste. 

Plainlees. — 

Possibly plain or flat pasture groiuid. 

Pow Burn. — 

i.e., sluggish burn, in contrast to the neighbouring Rotten- or brawl- 
ing burn. 

Prieston. — 

E. Priest's dwelling. The little chapel called "the Chapel of Ran- 
furlie," or " Our Lady Chapel in Ranfurlye," was quite near. The 
chaplain in 1542-7 was Sir Robert MacAulay, who required Uchtred 
Knok to fulfil his promise [10 Aug., 1542], and whose servant, 
William, made him his heir [1547y 

Ranfurly. — Other forms, Rainfarnly (c. 1413), Ranfarnle (1413), Ran- 
forle (1440), Ranfurle (1440), Ranferlie (1593), Ramphorlie (1760). 

Note. — Ranfurly was the name applied to a district between one thousand and 
one thousand five hundred acres in extent, bounded on the North by the GryfTe, 
on the east by Craigends, on the south and south-east by the Locher, and on the 
west and north-west by the Carruth Burn and the Gotter Water. The earliest 
mention of the name is in a charter by Robert III. [1390-1406], in which he 
grants to William Guninghame of Kilmaurs the lands inter alias of Rainfarnly in 
the Barony of Renfrew. In 1440 there is mention of John of Knokkis of Ran- 
ferle. So that during the first half of the fifteenth century there must have been 
Cuninghame's Ranfurly and Knox's Ranfurly. 

i;.\NFUKLY CUNINGHAMK is first mentioned in 1532. It included Hallhill, 
Lochermill, Lintwhite, Coalbog, High and Low Auchinsale, East and West 
Auchincloich, Manswraes, Torr, Threeplie, and Craigbet. Some of these lan(is 
were sold by the Earl of Glencairn to Guninghame of Graigends about 1513. 
The rest Graigends acquired in 1634. They continued in the possession of this 
family until 1745, when part of them was bought by James Milliken, and part 
by the Earl of Glencairn. In 1792 Day Hort Macdowall of Walkinshaw acquired 
part of them and feued them out to various proprietors. 

Ranfurly-Knox is first mentioned in 1593. It included Brannocklie, 
Prieston, Shillingworth, Haltoun, Horsewood, Horsewoodhead, BarmufHock, 
North and South Barnbetb, Barnbrock, Glevans, and Calside. After being in 

1 Craufurd's Protocol Book. 



GROUND PLAN OF RANFURLY CASTLE 



PLACES AND PLACE NAMES. 26 L 

of the Knoxes for at least two hundred years, these lands were sold to 
the Earl of Dundonald, to whose family they belonged from 16G5 until 1760, 
when James Hamilton of Aikenhead acquired it ; whose successors sold it to 
James Watt in 1S38. Portions were feued out by the Earl of Dundonald and 
the Hamilton?. 

Through the kindness of Mr. Horatius Bonar, we are enabled to reproduce the 
accompanying ground plan of Ranfuiily C.4STLE, the only ruin of any interest in 
the parish, and also the following notes, which form the substance of a report 
prepared for Mr. Bonar in the year 1882 by the late Mr. W. Galloway, Architect. 

The walls were of whinstone rubble, with blocks of hewn sandstone at the doors, 
windows, staircases, etc. ; and it is largely through the latter having been torn 
from their places by those who needed them for baser purposes that the building 
has been reduced to its present state of ruin. 

Reference to the plan will show that the buildings consisted of (1) a keep or 
stronghold on the north, (2) a group of houses also on the north and extending 
eastwards from the keep, and (.3) another group of houses on the south — forming 
two sides of a court-yard, enclosed on the west by a wall and left open to the east. 

1. The keep was probably two or three storeys in height, and though its base- 
ment chamber was only twelve by fourteen feet, the upper chambers were pro- 
bably somewhat larger owing to the decreasing thickness of the walls as they rose. 
The plan shows the doorway opening on the courtyard, the arrow slit two feet high 
and four inches wide commanding the approach on the east, and a large opening 
broken through at a subsequent period communicating with the east buildings ; 
but the plan does not show the narrow turnpike stair at the south-east angle 
formed in the thickness of the wall, nor of course the two large openings in the 
east wall at the level of the second floor. The north wall has suflfered much more 
than the others not only by the removal of the sandstone groins, but because its 
foundations rested on a shelving rock. 

2. The plan shows that the adjoining buildings running eastwards from the 
keep were divided into two compartments with a doorway between them, and near 
it a turnpike stair. They probably rose two or three storeys in height, and each 
would communicate by its own door with the corresponding floor of the keep. 

3. The south buildings were divided into three compartments, all of which were 
barrel-vaulted, and were probably used as byres and stables, etc. There was 
probably a second storey over these vaults, though no trace remains of the means 
by which it was reached. 

The wall enclosing the courtyard on the west was six feet in thickness, but its 
height has not been determined. 

The Castle has been untenanted since it passed from the possession of the 
Knoxes in 1665. 

Immediately to the south of the Castle there is a rectangular mound of earth, 
evidently artificial, from twelve to twenty feet high. At the summit each side 
measures about forty-three feet. The opinion of Dr. Robert Munro is that it was 
an ancient stronghold. Mr. Bonar had a trench made through it down to the 
solid rock, but no relics were found. 

In the neighbouring fields were found two interesting relics, now in the posses- 
sion of Mr. Horatius Bonar : — 



262 KILBAECHAN. 

1. A silver talismanic brooch of the thirteenth or fourteenth century, which 
bears the following inscription : — 

+ IHESUS • • NAZAR : ENUS REX 

2. A gold talismanic finger ring of the early part of the sixteenth century. On 
an oval are the letters IHS, with the sign of contraction over them, showing that 
they stand for " Jesus ; " in the centre are two interlinked hearts, and below them 
the letters A E. 

Bed AN. — 

A fanciful name, adopted like Balaclava and Inkermaun after the 
Crimean war, 1856. 

Rendyke. — 

-dyke or -dike often indicates the site of an old camp. 

RoBSTON or Rabston. — 

E. Rob's or R.obert's homestead. 

ROUGHILL. — 

Perhaps rough hill pasture. 

RO WA NTREEFL AT. 

Name apjaarently modern. 

Ryewraes. — Other forms, Wraywraes, Ryvvralthis, Riverees. 

Sandholes. — 

E. Sand pits. 

Nvte. — Mary Henderson, who heired this property, married (1) John Wilson, 
and had issue, — 1. Mary, who married Mr. James Black in Peuneld, and 2. Eliza- 
beth, who married Alexander Fairlie and went to America; and (2) James 
Aiken, and had issue four sons — John, James, Robert, and Matthew. 

Schoolfauld. — 

Meaning apparently obvious, but there is no record of a school here. 

Selvieland. — 

i.e., Sely or poor land. 

Shillingworth — 

1. Possible reference to an old tax or rent ; cf. Penny- and Merk- 

land. 

2. A.S. Worth : place, and the name may indicate the place where 

oats were shelled or winnowed. 

3. Shilling or Skiiling was at one time a common personal name. 



PLACES AND PLACE NAMES. 263 

Shuttle Street. — 

The form of the street may have suggested a resemblance to the 
older type of shuttle. 

Steeple Street. — 

Once Brandy or Branscroft Street. The Steeple was erected in 1751. 

Syan's Acre. — 

1. Syan may have been the name of an old residenter. 

2. Syan may be like Sciennes (Ediiibui'gh), a corruption of Sienna. 

The Nunnery in Edinburgh owned the patronage of St. John 
the Baptist's Chapel, founded by Sir John Craufnrd, a pre- 
bend of St. Giles, in 1512. The double coincidence tempts 
one to argue that St. Katharine's Chapel in Kilbarchan had 
as its patroness the Saint of Sienna. 

Tandilhill or Taxnelhill. — 

Possibly tandle, beacon or bonfire hill. 
G. Tional : gathering or assembly. 

Terbet's or Castle Eaxkine. — 

Terbet was once a common patronymic in Kilbarchan ; two of the 

name occupied the Overtons in 1782. 

The second name was applied in banter to a house began but not 

finished. 

Thirdpart Hall. — 

Land was sometimes let for one third of the produce. 

Ndtp. — The house was of some pretensions, and was occupied by William 
Sympill in 1550.^ It belonged afterwards to the Sempills of Beltrees. 

Threeplie. — 

Possibly A.S., threapian : to threap or contest ; therefore land regard- 
ing which there had been a dispute. 

TODHOLES. — ■ 

i.e.. Fox holes ; so called, says the legend, because the feuar 
neglected to bargain with his superior regarding access. 

Torr.— 

G. Torr : hill or thicket. 



Abbey Rent Roll. 



264 KILBARCHAN. 

Warden D. — 

i.e., Wardland/ or enclosed land, sc. of Auchinames. 

Wardhouse. — 

House near enclosed land. 

Note. — It belonged before 1676 to Mr. James Motitgomerie, and was bought by 
John Speir, to whom succeeded his sons, John (ob. 1694) and Mr. Archibald, 
student of theology and Notary Public (ob. 17.34). The latter was succeeded by 
his son, Mr. John, Notary Public (ob. 1772). The proprietor in 1782 was 
Archibald Speir, a youth of sixteen years of age, who owned also Rabstoun and 
Moss-side. 

Waterstone. — Older form, Walterstone. 
F. Walter's dwelling or steading. 

Note. — Here, in 1782, there were the remains of a mansion house " built after 
the ancient model with strong stone arches." This property was before 1384 the 
possession of a family of the name of Waterstoun, who sold it to Sir William 
Cuiiiiighame of Kilmaurs. In 1-538 it was the property of Hugh Cuningham, son 
of the Master of Glencairn. " Niiiian Conyghame of Vatterstoun had his lands reft 
from him by Glencairn, and the spnizie done by Gabriel Cuninghame of Craigends" 
(1544) amounted to "32 ky and oxen, 33 bollis of meil, v" boliis of seyd chorn, 
and 3 hay stacks." ^ A family of the name of Orr possessed what was perhaps 
the present Waterstone for three generations ; their representative, Robert Orr, 
went to the West Indies about 1777. 

Watersydk. — 

i^and near the Water of Cart. 

Weitlands.— Other forms, Wellands (1504), Weytlandis (1549), White- 
lands, Wheatlands. 

1. A.S. Weit or uit : out (c/! Uitlaiider) ; therefore the out-field or 
pasture land, in contrast to the in-field or arahle ; 
or 2. A.S. Thwate : land cleared of wood. 

Xi'tc. — In 1550 part of Weitlands belonged to 'William Semple of Cathcart,' 
and in 1604 there is mention of a John Semple'' there. In 1628 Ezekiel Mont- 
gomerie, who was descended from the families of Giffen and Hessilhead, married a 
Semple of Millbaiik, and probably acquired Weitlands through his wife. His son, 
Mr. John, is mentioned in the Presbytery Records [1646, 1650], and his grand- 
son, Mr. Ezekiel, Sheriff' Depute of Renfrewshire, attained notoriety by his 
twenty-four acts of " malversation, oppression, concussion, and extortion "' [Feb. 
14th, 1684]. Having been liberated on bail, he fled, but was re-arrested ; he then 
promised to turn informer against political offenders, and was again liberated. 



Ante, p. 49. ' Craufurd'a Protocol Book. ' Ibid. * Presby. Records. 



HERALDIC SHIELDS IN KII.RAKCHAX OLD PARISH CHURCH 

Vide jiatje.s 27 .',-r> 



TALISMAXIC HROOCH AM) RING 



PLACES AND PLACE NAMES. 265 

This time, presumably without giving the desired information, he fled to Ireland, 
where it was said that he turned preacher. Fountainhall's Notices leave us iti 
some doubt as to whether Mr. Ezekiel was the out-and-out rogue he is repre- 
sented to have been, or whether he was not to some extent the victim of the 
schemings of his political opponents. The author of The Chernj mul the Slae was a 
relative of the Weitland family. 

Whinneestone. — 

E. Whinner's steading. 

Wind YH ILL. — 

Yaedfoot and Yardshead. — ^ 
Meanings apparent. 



k2 



CHAPTER XIV. 



Odds and Ends. 



Till from the garden and the wild 

A fresh association blow, 

And year by year the landscape grow 
Familiar to the stranger's child ; 

As year by year the labourer tills 

His wonted glebe, or lups the glades ; 
And year by year our memory fades 

From all the circle of the hills. 

— Tennyson 



The Clergy i.f Kilbarchan — Lay Office-bearers in the Parish Church — Note on the Parish Church — 
Quoad Sacra Parishes — Extracts from Craufurd's Protocol Book — Note on Town-foot — 
Chartism— Kilbarchan — Poets and Men of Note— Present-day Kilbarchan. 



It is perhaps scarcely to be expected that the writer of a book such as 
this should succeed in weaving all the materials at his disposal into the 
texture of his story. There remain upon our hands many thrums or 
ravellings — names and records, incidents and circumstances which have 
not Ibuiid a place in the preceding chapters. A selection of them we 
propose now to })resent, necessarily in a detached manner, to the indul- 
gent reader. 

/. — The Clergy of KilharcJian. 

(a) BEFORE THE REFORMATION. 

Saint Berchan, 

Master John of Kilbarchan, Dean of Clydesdale, 



Roger, Vicar ; sometimes described as Deacon, 

Finlay of Clochoderick, ... 
* Sir James Shaw, Vicar, 

Master Henry Mouss, Vicar, 
'"'? Sir John Mudy, Vicar, 
■'^ Sir Simon Shaw, Vicar, 

Master John Macqueen, Vicar, ... 



ab. 650. 
ab. 1225. 
ab. 1230-70. 
ab. 1270-2. 
ab. 1484. 
16th century, 
ab. 1549. 
after 1549. 
before 1580. 



ODDS AND ENDS. 

Sir John Craufurd, Chaplain of St. Katharine's, ab. 1542. 

Master David Curll, ,, ,, „ ab. 15(30. 

? Sir John Brown, Chaplain of the Lady Chapel 

in Kilbarchan, ... ... ... ... ab. 1550. 

Sir Robert M'Caulay, Chaplain of the Lady 

Chapel iu Ranfurly, ... ... ... ab. 1542. 



{h) AFTER THE REFORMATION. 

William Wallace of Johnstone, lay Vicar, ... 1561. 

Master Adam Watsoun, Reader, ... ... 1567. 

Alexander Cunyngharae, Reader, ... ... 1572-4. 

Robert Cuik, Minister, ... ... ... ... 1576-8. 

Robert Craufurd, Reader, ... ... ... 1577. 

James Flemyng, M. A. (Glas.), Minister, ... 1578. 

John Cunynghame, son of 4th laird of Craigends, 

lay Vicar, ... ... ... ... ... 1585. 

Gawyn Hammyltoun, Reader [1603-5], lay Vicar, 1586-1628. 

James Levingstoun, M.A. (Glas.), Minister, ... 1589-91. 

John Bell, M.A. (Glas.), Minister, 1591-3. 

Robert Stirling, M.A. (Glas.), Minister, 1593-1603. 

Andro Hamilton, M.A. (Edit!.), Minister, ... 1605-46. 

James Glendinuing, M.A. (St. A.), locum tenens, 1646-9. 
James Stirling, M.A. (Glas.), Minister [1649-62], \ ,^,„ 

Indulged Presbyterian Minister [1672-83], J "^ " 

James Walkinshavv, Collegiate Indulged Minister, 1672. 
David Peirsoun, M.A. (St. A.), Parson under 

Episcopacy, ... ... ... ... 1664-70. 

Archibald Wilson or Gled, Parson under Ejjis- 

copacy, 1683-7. 

James Stirling, Minister, 1688-99. 

Robert Johnstoun, Minister, 1701-38. 



* Sir was apparently prefixed to the names of ecclesiastics who had not graduated as Masters 
at a University ; they were known as Pope's Knights. 



The pure priest thinkis he gettis no richt 
Be he nocht stylit lyke ane knicht, 
And callit Schir, afore his name, 
As Schir Thomas and Schir Williame. 



-Lyndsay. 



KILBARCHAN. 



John Warner, Minister, ... 
Patrick Maxwell, Minister, 
Eobert Douglas, Ass. and Succ. [1802-6], Minis 

ter [1806-46], 

Eobert Archibald, Ass. and Succ, 

Eobert Graham, M.A., D.D. (Glas.), Minister, .. 

Eobert D. MacKenzie, B.D. (St, A.), Ass. and 

Succ. [1892-5], Minister [1895- ], ... 



1739-86. 


. 1787-18C 


. 1802-46. 


. 1844-46. 


1847-95. 



1892- 



{c) SECESSION (burgher) CHURCH AT BURNTSHIELS. 

John M'Cara, 

John Lindsay, removed to Johnstone, .. 

David Stewart Wylie, ... 

Alexander Brown, 

William Scott Hay, removed to Bridge of Weir, 



... 1744-67. 


... 1772-92. 


... 1793-6. 


... 1796-1821 


?ir, 1821-6. 



(d) RELIEF CHURCH AT KILBARCHAN. 



John Maclaren, 

Mr. Kessen, 

Matthew Alison, ... 

George Alison, 

Eobert Eussell, M.A. (Gls 



.), Colle 



1788-18( 

1809-15. 

1818-41. 

1842- 

1893- 



(e) PARISH CHURCH AT BRIDGE OF WEIR. 



William Scott Hay, from Burntshiels, ... 
George IMure Smith (now Minister of West 

Church, Stirling), Missionary, ... 
J. M. Eobertson, Missionary, 
Eobert Turnbull (now Minister of Barrowfleld), 

Missionary, 
Thomas Duncan, D.D. (Glas.), Minister, 
Alexander M. Shand, M.A. (Aberd.), Minister,... 



1839-43. 



1875-6. 


1876-8. 


1879-83 


1884-99 


1899- 



* From jMiramichi, New Brunswick, inducted Assistant and Successor in Kilbarchan, March 
14, 1844 ; inducted Minister of New Monkland, Jan. 22, 1846. 



1843-5. 


1846-7. 


1847-51. 


1852-7. 


1858-67. 


1867- 



ODDS AND ENDS. 
(/) FREE CHURCH AT BRIDGE OF WEIJ 

William Scott Hay, 

James Findlay, 

Andrew Leiper Peock, 

George (Juningharae Monteath Douglas, D. D. 

(Glas.), now Principal of U.F. College, 

Glasgow, ... 
John M'Gregor, ... 
Thomas Carruthers, M.A. (Glas.),- ... ■ 

(g) PARISH CHURCH AT LIXWOOD. 

Jymes Wallace, Missionary, ord. 1860, 1856-67. 

J;imes Douglas, Missionary, afterwards Minister 

of Kinning Park, 18G7-73. 

William Milne, Missionary, afterwards Minister 

of St. Cyrus, 1873-80. 

John Adamson Abei-nethy, Minister, ... ... 1880- 

{h) UNITED PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH AT BRIDGE OF WEIR. 

Adam Wilson, B.D. (Glas.), 1890- 

(i) ROMAN CATHOLIC CHAPEL AT LIN WOOD. 
Williiun Shaw, 1900- 

(_/) ASSISTANTS AND MISSIONARIES AT KILBARCHAN. 

John Buchanan, ... ... ... ... ... 1738-9. 

William Boyd, afterwards Minister of Fenwick, 1776-82. 
William Brown, „ „ Eskdalemuir, 1782-86. 
Archibald Glen, „ „ Parton, 1798. 
Robert Stevenson, ,, ,, Dairy, 1835. 
James S. Johnson, „ ,, Cambu-slang, 1842-3. 
James Wilson, M.A., now Min. of Broughty Ferry, 1862-4. 
David Strong, M.A., now D.D. and Min. of Hill- 
head, Glasgow, ... ... ... ... 1864. 

John Richard Scoulai-, now Min. of Cupar-Fife, 18G5. 

John Menteith, afterwards Min. of Glencairn, ... 1865-7. 

* Grandfather of Mrs. Graham, late Kilbarchan Maase. 



KILBARCHAN. 



John Stevenson, B.D., now Min. at Kilcreggan, 1868-70. 

John Stewart, M.A., now Min. of Bridgegate, 

Glasgow, 1871-2. 

Jaines A. G. Johnson (ob. 1884), 1872-3. 

Francis Haldane, afterwards Min. at Saltcoats 

(ob. 1901), 1873-8. 

James Cornwall Brown, now Min. of Stewarton, 1878-9. 

James Ray, M.A., now Min. of Cellardyke, ... 1880-2. 

Robert Andrew, M.A., now Min. of Walls, Shet- 
land, 1882. 

Thomas Reid Thomson, now Min. of East Kirk, 

Greenock, 1883-7. 

John Cook Teiuiant, now a Min. in Australia, ... 1887-8. 



//. — Lay Office-Bearers in the Parish Church, 
(a) Elders. 
Alexander Cuninghame, 5th Laird of Craigends, in office, 1604. 
"William Wallace, Laird of Johnstone, 

John Semple of Weitlands, ... ... ... „ ,, 

William Cuninghame, Gth Laird of Craigends,... ,, 1615. 

John Mairshall, ... ... ... ... „ 1628. 

Ezechiel Montgomerie of Wardhouse, ... ,, ,, 

Alexander Cuninghame, younger of C'raigends 

(afterwards 7th Laird), ... ... ,, 1646. 

Mr. James Montgomerie of Weitlands, ... ,, 16 47. 

Robert Allansone of Brandiscroft, ... . ,, 1648. 

John How of Dambtoun, ... ... ... ,, 1649. 

Archibald Arthur, ... ... ... „ 1651. 

Andrew Arthur, ... ... ... ... ,, 1652. 

John Patesoune, ... ... ... ... ,, 1653. 

David Andrew, ... ... ... ... „ ,, 

William Merschel I, ... ... ... „ 1654. 

Hew Semple, ... ... ... ... ,, ,, 

William Allason,... ... ... ... „ 1660. 

William Cuninghame, younger of Craigends 

(afterwards 8th Laird), ... ... „ 16S8. 

James Semple, ... ... ... ... ,, 1689. 

Andrew Arthur, probably merchant at Brigside, ,, „ 



ODDS AND ENDS. 



John Speir, probably in Wardhouse, ... ... in office, 1692. 

Robert Blair, ,, in Auchinsale, ... ... ,, 1695. 

Robert Lang, ... ... ... ... ,, 1703. 

William Rodger, ... ... ... ... ,, 1708. 

William Reid, ... ... ... ... „ 1712. 

Bailie John Barbour, Senr.,... ... ... ,, 1713. 

Robert Speir, 

William Semple, ... ... ... ... ,, 1717. 

Robert Reid, ... ... ... ... „ 1720. 

Mathew Henderson, portioner in Waterstone, ,, ,, 

John Niven, ... ... ... ... „ 1723. 

John Orr, portioner in Waterstone, ... ... ,, ,, 

William Greenlees, ... ... ... ,, 1725. 

John Kelso, ... ... ... ... ,, 1727. 

William Cochran,... ... ... ... ,, ,, 

James Jackson, ... ... ... ... ,, 1735. 

James Watterstoun, ... ... ... ,, 1737. 

James Young of Weitlands, ... ... ,, 173S. 

William Reid, 

Bailie John Barbour, Junior, ... ... ,, 1742. 

!!obert White, ... ... ... ... ,, ,, 

Alexander Speir, town of Kilbarchan, appointed 1745. 

Michael Garner, schoolmaster, ... ,, ,, 

William Erskiue, ... ... ... ... in office, 1748. 

Hugh Semple, ... ... ... ... ,, ,, 

" James Craig of Monkland, ... ... ... acting, ,, 

* John Semple in Panel, ... ... ... ,, ,, 

*■ Robert Alison of Branscroft, ... ... ,, 1750. 

John Speir in Locherside, ... ... appointed 1754. 

Archibald Caldwell in Schuter Yeard, ,, ,, 

Patrick Bar in Horsewood, ... ... ,, ,, 

John Honeyman, town of Kilbarchan, ,, „ 

John Love, either in Wardend or Clochoderick, in office, 1756. 

John Speir of Wardhouse, ... ... appointed 1763. 

William Bryden, town of Kilbarchan, ... ,, ,, 

Robert Barr, „ „ ... ... ,, 

Robert Caldwell, „ „ ... ... „ ,, 



Assisted at the tent on the occasion of the Sacrament. 



KILBARCHAN, 

James Black, Pa nil ell, ... ... appointed 1763. 

Robert Rodger, Fulton, 

Robert Reid, Muirfoot of Green, 

William Bryden, Bariibrock, ... ... ,, 177 

Robert Aitken, Locher Mill, 

Robert Birkmyre, town of Killmrchan, 

Jobn Anderson, ,, ,, 

Robert Ferguson, schoolmaster, 

Mr. William Boyd, Assistant Minister, ... acting, 1777. 

James Orr of Bankhead, ... ... appointed 1807. 

Arthur Lang, Laigli Bruntchell, ... ,, „ 

John Hill, Whinnerstouii, ... ... ,, ,, 

John Finlay, Manager, Cotton Mill, Bridge of Weir, ,, ,, 

John Rodger, Fulton, ... ... admitted 1817. 

■ James Stevenson of Auchinames, ... ... acting, 1824. 

■ William Jackson in Passinglimi, ... ... ,, ,, 

James M'Lintock, ... ... admitted ,, 

John Reid, Penneld, ... ... ,, 1839. 

James Laird, Barholm, ... ... appointed 1841. 

John Clark, Manswraes, ... ... ... „ 1847. 

William Fulton, Kaimhill, ... 

William Woodrow, Clochoderick, 

John Watt, Linwood, 

William Edmund Hardie, Locher, 

John Glegg, MiHiken, ... ... ... „ I8t 

Matthew Woodrow, Barnbeth, 

Mathew Anderson, Ashburne, ... admitted ,, 

John Stevenson of Wardend, ... appointed 1873. 

John Boyd, schoolmaster, ... 

Robert Carruth of Callochant, 

John Eadie, West Fulton, ... ... ... „ 1883. 

William Holmes of Gladstone, 
Robert Fairley, Mountview, 
Thomas M'Crorie, schoolmaster, 



•■Tliey were not set apart as elders until the year following, 25tU Ji 



PLAN OF TOWN-FOOT OF KILBJRCHAN 



ODDS AND ENDS. 



(h) Kirk Treasurers. 



Bailie Jolin Barbour, senior, 
James Young, Weitlands, .. 
Bailie John Barbour, junior, 
John Honeyman, ... 
John Anderson, ... 
James Orr, Bankhead, 
James Stevenson, Auchinanu 
William Edmund Hardie, .. 
Robert Carruth, ... 



appo 



nted 



1742. 
1744. 
1750. 
1771. 

1775. 
1S08. 
1825. 
1848. 
1882. 



(c) Session Clerks. 

— M'Dougal. 

Michael Garner, schoolmaster, 

Laurence Garner, assistant, 
William Simpson, schoolmaster, ... * 

Robert Ferguson, ,, " 

John Findlay, 
John Alexander, 

Mr. William Boyd, Assistant Ministn-, 
William Manson, i)ere, schoolmaster,... 

Henry Manson, assistant, 
William Manson, ^is', schoolmaster, ... 
William Barr, ,, 

John Boyd, „ 

Thomas M'Crorie, 



1750. 






175S 


1758-60. 


17G4. 




1764- 


76. 


1776. 
1777. 
1778. 






1779- 


1822 


1834- 


48. 


1848- 


59. 


1859- 


77. 


1881- 





Alexander Lyle, ... 
Robert Millar, 
John King, 
William Hodgson, 
John Millar, 
Matthew Wilson,... 
James Muir, 



(d) Prccentoii 



ab. 1820. 



1834-53. 

1853- 

1856. 

1856-88. 

1888- 







KILBARCHAN. 






(e) 


Church Officers. 




John Wilson, 






.. ab. 1628. 


Robert Ljlle, 






1695. 


Hugh Cocluau in G- 


ockh 


all, 


1750. 


Robert WhitehiU, 






1752. 


Thonifis Caldwell,... 






1753. 


William Cochran,... 






1754. 


John Scott, 






1756. 


Alexander Houston, 






1767. 


John Orr, 






1774. 


William Orr, 






-1804. 


George Davidson,... 






1804-23. 


Archibald Thomson, 






1823-44. 


George Wilson, ... 






1844-90. 


John Black, 






1890- 



III.— The Parish Church. 

Of the Church razed to the ground in 1724, part dated probably from 
Ijefore the Pteformation. On that occasion Craigends' aisle, erected about 
1700, alone escaped demolition.^ About 1805, John Cuninghame of Craig- 
ends added a gallery opposite the pulpit. This gallery partly projects into 
the church proper and is erected partly over his aisle. In 1858, the church 
■was enlarged at a cost of about £900. On this occasion were added the 
two abutments on each side of Craigends' aisle, the tower with its door 
and stair, and the outside stair near the west door. These additions had 
the effect of enlarging the area, of allowing the erection of two galleries, 
one on each side of Craigends' gallery, of permitting the inside stairs 
to the east and west galleries to be removed, and the east and north doors 
to be closed. Of this date also are the two stained glass windows on the 
south wall, presented by Alexander Cuninghame and Sir Robert Napier, 
and the coats of arms on the front of the galleries. The heraldic descrip- 
tion of these shields is as follows : — 

1. — Impaled, Dexter — Quarterly, 1st and 4th arg., a shake fork gu. 
[Cuninghame] ; 2nd and 3rd or, a fess cheque az. and arg. [Stewart"). 
Sinister — Gu., a dexter hand couped at the wrist grasping a swoid point 
downwards ppr., and in chief two mullets of the last [M'Hardy]. 

Ante, p. 162. 



ODDS AND ENDS. 275 

2. — Quarterly, 1st and 4th gu., a fess cheque arg. and az. [Lindsay] ; 
2nd and 3rd or, a Hon rampant gu., debruised of a ribbon sa. [Abernethy], 

The shield is that of the Earl of Crawford and was probably intro- 
duced by mistake for Craufurd of Auchinames. 

3. — Impaled, Dexter — gu., a bend erm., charged with three trefoils 
vert, and in the sinister chief point a cross pattee or ; on a chief arg., a 
stag's head cabossed sa., between two mullets of the 1st. Sinister — the 
same but omitting the cross pattee. 

The shield is that of Harvey, but why is it impaled I 

4. — Quarterly, 1st and 4th arg., a saltire engrailed between four 
roses gu. [Napier] ; 2nd az., a lion rampant ppr. crowned with an antique 
crown or [Macdowall] ; 3rd arg., two bars gemelle between three demi- 
lions, two in chief issuant from the uppermost bar and one in base issuant 
from the base of the shield or [Milliken]. 

5. — Az. two tilting spears in saltire, between four boar's heads 
couped or ; on a chief arg., a mullet between two crescents gu. [Speir of 
Burnbrae]. 

Attached to the outside wall of the church at the north-west corner 
is a tombstone bearing the name, Elizabeth Lindsay, the date, 1584, and 
the fess cheque of the Lindsays. 

The new Parish Church, which cost nearly J 7000, was opened on 
the 13th January, 1901, when the Rt. Rev. Norman MacLeod, D.D.. 
Moderator of the General Assembly, conducted Divine worship. 



IV. — Quoad Sacra Parishes. 

Li 1880, Linwood was erected into a separate Parish. The boundarv 
between it and Kilbarchan is thus described : — 

Southerly aad westerly from the boundary between the Abbey and Kilbarchan to 
a point in the road past Clippens Square a little to the north of the railway ; thence 
north-westward along the centre of the said road having Clippens Square to the east, 
to a point therein opposite Linwood Moss ; then northward along the centre of the 
road which passes to the east of Auchans till it touches the boundary between 
Houston and Kilbarchan. 

Li 1887, Bridge of Weir was similarly disjoined, with the following- 
boundary between it and Kilbarchan : — 



276 KILBARCHAN. 

Beginning at the River GryfFe opposite Ladeside, thence eastward along the river 
to Crosslee at Linningford Bridge ; thence along the high road to Locherside Bridge ; 
thence up Locher Water to Locher Mill ; thence westward along the high road past 
Manswraes but excluding that farm ; thence proceeding by but excluding Shillingworth 
till the Lawmarnock Road is reached ; thence up the centre of Locher Water to 
Locher Bridge ; thence northward along the boundary of Kilbarchan Parish till it 
touches the Gryfte. 

In 1901, St. Andrew's Parish, Johnstone, was disjoined, and had 
allocated to it the land to the east of the road between the Bridge of 
Johnstone and Deafhillock Toll, and to the south of the road between the 
aforesaid Toll and Linwood. 



V. — Sir John Cravfurds Protocol Booh} 

This book to which in the extracts already given we have done but 
meagre justice, supplies us with some interesting and amusing glimpses 
of the manners of earlier days. 

We learn that evictions were as frequent then in Kilbarchan as in 
Ireland three hundred and fifty years later : — 

1541 ? — Gabriel Sympyll of the xls. land of Toris commissions his sergand and 
officiar Jok Or to evict Jok Andro, Pate Blackburne, Hobe Luif, George Parker and 
William Lang. 

Ap. 15, 1549 ? — Instrument of Gabriel Sempill of Craigbet and Terrs warning his 
tenants to flit at Whitsunday. 

1549. — Gabriel Sempill of Torris, Weitlandis and Pennall-brais required 
Jok Patersoun to give him entry [to his own land]. 

Ap. 1, 1550. — Lord Sempill sent his sergeant John Layng to the Weitlands and 
seized all John Orr's goods and gear. 

The victims were ready to take refuge beliind legal technicalities and 
to refuse to be evicted : — 

Ap. 1, 1550. — W. Sempill of Cathcart required of John Layng why he came to 
his ground " ane pretendyt and alledgit chaplen to the feu lands of Weytlandis and 
pundit the saydis landis the sayd prest nocht haifand no presentation nor coUacioun 
ordinare." 

1544. — Robert Merschell being warned to remove from a maleyng in Auchinamis 
sits still because he ought to have got 40 days warning. 

' Ante, p. 205, note 2. 



ODDS AND ENDS. 277 

Outgoing tenants were expected to give unquestionable proof that 
tliey harboured no ill-will towards their successors : — 

29 Mar. 1548. — Jok Lang and Agnes Luif, his wife, gave their mailling iir 
Auchinclocht to Wm. Wallace, son to the Laird of Elderslie with their benison, re- 
ceiving 55 marks and 2 ky. 

The interesting symbols of sasine were not omitted even in a trans- 
action between husband and wife : — 

25 Aug., 1547.— John Merschell .... passed to Merschell Muir together 
with the ward and iij folds lying upon it, viz. — Murfauld, Lytill Fauld, Robert Lufe's 
fauld and gave sasine to Malle Hayr and the bayrneis gotten betwixt hym and hyr. 

Betrothal took place in the presence of a clergyman : — 

Ab. 1544. — John Lyndsay and Elspa Knok handfast in Sir John Craufurd's 
chalmer at the Kirk of Kilbarchan. 

The marriage contract between Walter Knok and Ellen Hair of 
Pinnel [December 22, 1549] is a business-like document, setting forth 
that the mai*riage is to take place before Candlemas next, that the bride 
is to bring with her 90 merks of a tocher, 40 merks payable between this 
and 1st May, 20 between that and Beltane, 1551, and 20 merks in 
1552, and in addition — 

Ellen is to be honestly clothed by her mother and brother in bed and bak as 
efleris to ane jentyll woman to half. 

The Church was held to be the proper place to get accounts dis- 
charged : — 

16 Jan., 1547. — John Caldwell indweller in Ryvrais gets from a notary a testi- 
monial that he was ready to deliver a certain sum of ni/ .ey to William Sempill of 
Third-part upon the High Altar of Kilbarchan, as to whi- . William had charged John 
in the town of Paisley : John came to the Church and waited from sun-rising to sun- 
setting and William came not. John protested that it was no " hurt to him in tym 
coming nor no prejudice." 

The following strange bequests by the Vicar of Kilbarchan are 
woith mentioning : — 

20 May, 1549. — Sir James Shaw auld Vicar grants and gives to Elizabeth Mudy, 
daughter of the late Sir John Mudy, that is in possession of the kyrkhall of the 
wykyrrecht (i.e., vicarage) of Kilbarchan that the said Sir John Mudy biggit at his 
expens, — I, Sir James Shaw, will that the said Elizabeth have the said hall yearly for 
iiij [pence ?] maill. If the new vicar, Mr. Simon Shaw, stop or put Elizabeth from the 
hall in that case Elizabeth may intromit with the tymmyr of the hall. 



278 KILBARCHAN. 

Same Day. — Jok Fyndlay required ane noit at quhar Schir James Schaw left his 
black gown to the said Jok and Margaret Craufurd, and that for thankful service that 
they had done to him and for other causes. 

In the following extracts we have a curious mingling of light and 
grave slanders : — 

Easter Tuesday, 15-13. — Eobert Houston said that Sir John Craufurd stole grotes 
of silver from Thomas Kyll and bouttis of worsset and a steyl bonnet and was a 
common thief. Bessie Mudy charged him with eating hony plowmis and his dejeuner 
and that sammye day sayd mes, and that he brak buythis and stole the articles above 
named from Kyll and was a common aratyk [heretic ?] 



VI. — Stone Cist at LintwJiite. 

In the early part of 1901, Mr. Thomas Fulton, while ploughing a 
gravelly ridge east of Lintwhite Farmhouse, discovered about a foot 
beneath the surface what was evidently a pre-historic grave. The sides 
and top of the cavity, which was quite empty, were composed of large 
slabs of sandstone. 



VII. — Town-foot of Kilharchan and Neigltbourliood. 

The village of Kilbarchan known as the Kirktown, consisted two 
hundred years ago of a few houses clustered round the church. Very 
few of the houses now standing are of so early a date as the seven- 
teenth century, and there are not very many even of tlie eighteenth, 
yet the alignment of the old streets — if they could be called streets — is to 
some extent still preserved, e.g., at the Cross, on the left hand side of 
Shuttle Street and of Church Street, as one goes from the Cross, and 
perhaps on both sides of Steeple Street. Of this old village, the part 
known as Town-foot has disappeared within the memory of several still 
living ; it is the information derived from them which has enabled Mr. 
W. H. Howie, architect, to prepare the accompanying plan of this part of 
Kilbarchan. The following are some of those who owned or inhabited 
houses in this neighbourhood : — 

1. The Heather House, a tavern, of which George M'Keich was the 

host ; Francis Davie and Mrs. Inglis lived here. 

2. Space which afforded an entrance to the churchyard. 



ODDS AND ENDS. 27& 

3. Thomas Orr. 

4. James Allan. 

5. Francis Davie. 

6. Janet Davie. 

7. William Wallace and Matthew Purdon. 

8. William Allan. 

9. John Love. 

10. Gable, barn, smithy, and cart-shed ; John Welsh, smith. 

11. Clajholes ; Annie Drummond. Opposite this house there was a 

well. 

12. Garden, which extended to the street. 

13. The Poor- House, otherwise known as M'Farlane's Hospital. It 

stood a little off the road, and was built by the Kirk Session, 
26 March, 1830, under the superintendence of Arthur Lang, 
Burntshiels. Money for the purpose, £50, had been left by 
George M'Farlane of Clippings, 17 October, 1821. 

14. A house of two storeys ; Duncan MTntyre, James Speir, Alex- 

ander Grant, Sergeant Macdonald. 

15. Michael M'Girdy, mason. 

16. Alexander Lyle. 

17. Robert Houston, John Kidd ; opposite this house there was a 

well. 

18. Alexander Kirkland ; this house was afterwards used as a 

female school of which Mrs. Gavin was the teacher. 

19. Glentyan Gate ; the pillars are now at Meadside Gate. 

20. Old Field ; John Wallace. 

21. James Kirkwood ; this was an old flictory and was used after- 

wards as a place of entertainment. Here there were given 
penny reels and theatrical representations. Amongst those 
who entertained the youth of Kilbarchan were William and 
Samuel Johnstone or Levingstone, and James Burns, a 
comedian. It was known as Union Hall. 

22. Andrew Jamieson. 

23. William Brymer. 

24. Charles Douglas. 

25. Mrs. Honeyman ; near this was the Old Barn, which had been 

converted into a dwelling-house, and was inhabited by Robert 
Millar and Mrs. Robertson. 



KILBARCHAN. 

26. Hugh M'Keich, the father of George M'Keich of the Heather 

House. 

27. Thomas Houston. 

28. Ptobert Houston and WllHam Christie. 

29. William Lyle. 

30. Janet Stevenson. 

31. Archibald Hunter. 

32. Barn. 



VIII. — Chartism in Kilbarchan. 

As might be expected of a community in wliich weaving was the 
chief industry, the Chartist movement was favourably received in Kil- 
barchan. One hesitates to say that it was enthusiastically supported, 
since, according to " Arthur Sneddon," who by the way was himself more 
prominent in speech than in action, a Paisley contingent of agitators 
as they passed through Kilbarchan at midnight on their way to Pinnel 
Glen, carrying iron, hammers, anvil and bellows for the purpose of forging 
pikes, found the villagers plunged in a sleep suspiciously sound. The pre- 
concerted signal was again and again made, but not a light was visible, 
not even a dog barked. " Of course," he says, " this most spirited party 
had to return to Paisley, heart-broken at the apathy of the Kilbarchan 
section of reformers. I was of opinion that the Kilbarchan people had 
begun to see the folly of the whole matter, and, being a shrewd set of 
villagers, had cut the connection, and, it would appear, induced the dogs 
to do the same." This was in 1820. 

Twenty years later, when the policy of force had given place to that 
of moral suasion, a flourishing Chartist congregation sprang u[) in Kilbar- 
chan, which met in what is now the Good Templars' Hnll, but is still 
known by some as the Chartist Chapel. "A (chartist Church," writes 
Parkhill, " has been constituted, and a talented preacher, to say the 
least of him, has been inducted. The highways and the byeways are 
empty on Sabbath days, and on that day the Fumart is unmolested and 
at rest in the Pinnel Glen. This change must be a source of great con- 
solation to the lyious patron of the parish, Sir William Napier. His 
temper . . . was often tried by the turbulent immorality of the little 
town ; and the way in which they spent the Sabbath day vexed, in no 
mean degree, his righteous spirit ; and, in particular, the quiet in which 



HABBIE SIMPSON 

(h'riini an oil /inintiny) 
Vide paijes 2S1-2 



ODDS AND ENDS. 



he loved to dwell was often invaded by the noise of the villagers crowded 
upon the Barrhill. Now all is quiet, and the worthy Baronet may exer- 
cise his devotional propensities in meekness and peace without the pecidiar 
suavity of his temper being ruffled." 



IX.—Kilharchaii Poets and Men of Note. 

Every parish has produced some men whom it regards as notable, 
and unquestionably Habbie or Robert Simpson is the most widely known 
of the sons of Kilbarchan. He lived at the beginning of the seventeenth 
century, and was thus a contemporary of Shakespeare. In early life he 
was probably a retairier in the family of Craigends or in that of Johnstone, 
and tradition, supported by the emblem on his reputed tomb-stone, asserts 
that in later life he combined the occupation of butcher with the office of 
town-piper. Probably without foundation is the well-known tale of his wife 
gaining the sympathy and opening the purse of the Lady of Johnstone 
by reporting Habbie's death, of the husband by a similar tale, mutatis 
mutandis, appealing to the feelings of the Laird with satisfactory results, 
and of the couple being caught red-handed while enjoying the fruits of 
their roguery ; as a story it is anticipated in the Arabian Nights. 
Neither ai'e these good grounds for maintaining that Habbie, like Niel 
Blane, held an official appointment as a piper, with a salary of five 
merks, free occupancy of a piper's croft, and a suit of livery per annum.' 
In Habbie's case the office began and ended with his occupancy. The 
piper was present at every wedding and scene of festivity, to the merri- 
ment of which he contributed not only as a musician, but also as the butt 
of many a broad witticism and the victim of many a practical joke. It is 
said that a competition took place between him and a brother artist, Rab 
the Ranter, but there is no information as to the basis on which superiority 
was to be determined — whether mere lung power, or extent of repertoire, 
or excellence in musical rendering — nor as to the result of the contest. 

The wooden statue of Habbie, placed in the niche of the steeple in 
1821, is the work of Archibald Robertson, a figure-head carver in Greenock, 
who afterwards went to Liverpool, where he attained considerable fame 
as an artist in wood. In the possession of Mr. James Caldwell, Paisley, 
there is an oil-painting of unknown date which I'epresents the piper 

' Old Mortality, Chap. iv. 
M 2 



282 KILBARCHAN. 

garishly decked with ribbons, flowers and feathers. This picture at one 
time belonged to a descendant of the Beltrees family resident in Greenock, 
and Robertson probably used it as his model. 

The kindred arts of music and poetry, probably fostered by the tradi- 
tions of the famous piper, were assiduously cultivated in Kilbarchan, 
James Buchanan [175G-1829], a weaver, an antiquary, and a musician, 
taught music in Shuttle Street, and had as a pupil James Barr [1781- 
1860], who was the composer of the air, Tlioy, boiinie wood of Craigidee, 
and whom Tannahill addi 



Blyth Jamie Barr frae St. Barchan's toon. 

Though born in Tarbolton, Barr spent his early year's in Kilbarchan, and 
emigrated to St. John, New Brunswick, in 1832. On returning to Scot- 
land twenty years later, he settled in Govan, but the simple stone in 
the U.F. churchyard, bearing his name and his wife's, shows that he was 
buried in Kilbarchan. 

Robert Allan, the poet, was born at Townfoot in 1774. Of his 
family of six Robert, the second son, was an artist ; and Mary, the eldest 
daughter, was the wife of John MacGregor, Beltrees Cottage, and mother 
of Mr. O. G. MacGregor, Church Street, who shares with Mr. James 
Caldwell, Paisley, the credit of being the best living authority on Kil- 
barchan traditions. The poet, accompanied by some of his family, 
emigrated to America in the year 1841, and died a few days after reach- 
ing New York. George Allan, apothecary in Kilbarchan, brother to the 
poet, author of Antediluvian Histories and A Key to the Revelation, was 
one of the higher critics of his day. 

William M'Oscar [1807-77], the poet, though born in Lochwinnoch, 
was bi-Qught while yet a child to Kilbarchan. Rendered by an accident 
unfit for physical labour, he received a good education. After spending 
some years as a tutor of ancient and modern languages at Paisley, as 
editor of a local jsaper at Irvine and a theatrical journal at Glasgow, he 
went to London, where most of his poems were written. He died at 
Kilbarchan, Jan. 11, 1877. 

Robert Buchanan, poet, novelist, and journalist, who died in 1901, 
claimed Kilbarchan as his birthplace. 

William Motherwell, when engaged about 1825 in collecting materials 
for his Minstrelsy, Ancient and Modem, reaped a considerable harvest in 
Kilbarchan. Here he collected no fewer than thirty ballads or versions 
of ballads. Fourteen pieces were contributed by Agnes Lyle, born about 



ODDS AND ENDS. 283 

1775, who learned them from her father, born about 1731. Mrs. 
Thomson and Agnes Lyle contributed six versions each ; tlie former, 
however, who was born at Bonliill, cited her mother, probably a Dum- 
bartonshire woman, as her authorit}^ To Mrs. Kinc4 lie owed two, and to 
Edward King, weaver, and Janet Holmes, one each ; the contribution 
of the last-named, " Fair Annie," Janet described as " a lang rane " of 
her mother's. " Of these ballads," says Dr. Soutar, " Prince Robert, 
Johnie Scot, Lady Maisry, The Doivie Dens o Yarrow, Child Maurice, 
Sou Davie, and Lord Derwcntwater, appeared in Motherwell's Minstrelsy , 
Ancient and Modern. The others were printed by Child from a tran- 
scription of Motherwell's manuscript. They cannot be said to rank high 
poetically, but that fact is in their favour as specimens of folk-song, and 
goes to prove that Motherwell wrote them down without embellishments. 
While always outspoken and possessing a full share of savage purity, they 
are rarely merely vulgar and never consciously prurient, thus pointing to 
genuine ancient originals." 

Amongst those connected with Kilbarchan who achieved distinction 
in other walks of life may be mentioned : — 

Dr. PiOBERT Hume, who operated on the Marquis of Anglesea when 
wounded on the field of Waterloo, and was afterwards physician to the 
Duke of Wellington ; 

Dr. Peter Cochran,^ of Clippens, who had served his apprenticeship 
with Dr. How ; " 

Dr. Macfarlane. an eminent physician in Glasgow fifty years ago ; 

Dr. James Douglas, Professor of Anatomy in the Andersonian College ; 

Dr. John Scouler, son of William Scouler of Locher, Professor of 
Natural Histoi'y in the Andersonian College, and afterwards Professor of 
Mineralogy to the Royal Society of Dublin ; 

Sir Isaac Holden, a great manufacturer in the Midlands, M.P. for 
Knaresborough, and the reported real inventor of the lucifer match ; and 

The Misses Smith,^ of Spring Grove, discoverers of the Sinaitic 
palimpsest. 

X. — Present-day Kilbarchan. 

The industrial changes which have overtaken Kilbarchan during the 
last thirty or forty years, call for some remarks. Cereal crops and fat 

' Ante, pp. 141-2. - Ante, p. 124 n. '■> Ante, p. 25. 



284 KILBAKCHAN. 

cattle, upon which at one time the whole attention of farmers was con- 
centrated, have given place to dairying, with the result that more labour 
is thrown on the women of the family. In some cases the farmer, while 
he owns and supplies feeding for the milk cows, hires or lets them to a 
milkman or bower. On certain selected farms fruit, especially straw- 
berries, are grown with, it is believed, good results. 

In the village, where thirty-five years ago there were about nine 
hundred looms, there are to-day only about two hundred with mountings 
and ready for work, and the weaving shops are being converted into 
dwelling houses. It is to be expected that, twenty years hence, the 
hand-loom and the pirn-wheel will have become treasured curiosities. 
Weavers, who learned their trade in Kilbarchan, have found employment 
in Glasgow and Paisley warehouses, though many of them still make their 
homes in their native village. Mechanical engineering appears to afford 
the best openings for young men, and young women find employment in 
the Locher Printfield, in the flax- and paper-mills in Johnstone, in the 
thread works in Paisley, and in Glentyan Laundry. 

Bridge of Weir has become, during the last twenty years, a favourite 
place of residence for Glasgow men of business ; and the district of 
Linwood, the cotton industry having deserted it and mining operations 
being meanwhile in abeyance, seems to be dependent on its paper mill. 



APPENDIX 



CONTRIBUTED BY MR. JAIMES CALDWELL, PAISLEY. 

The following Rent Roll of the Kilbarchan estate of the widow of Captain Napier 
(nee Jean IMilliken) for the year 1785, with appended notes of the changes which took 
place in 1786 and in 1787, will be of interest to many in the Parish, some of whom, 
after the lapse of 116 years, are still in possession of the feus held by their fore- 
fathers. It may be mentioned that the superior, INlrs. Napier, was at the time a 
widow, and resided with her wido\\ed mother, ^Irs. James Milliken, at ]Milliken, and 
that these feu-duties and ftirnis represent the portion of the estate settled on her by 
her father :— 

RENTAL OF Mrs. NAPIER'S ESTATE OF KILBARCHAN, CROP, 1785. 
I.— FEU DUTIES. 
1. William Hair's, now divided as follows : — 

i. William Hair pays, £0 7 2^ 

ii. William Clemie, ". 7 2^^ 

£0 14 5tV 

?. The Heirs of William Arthur, mason 10 4 

3. John Barbour, Senr., 18 11/^ 

4. James Miller's Heirs, £2 8s. 4d., now divided as follows : — 

i. John Clark pays £0 11 

ii. John Smellie, 11 

iii. James Adam, 10 

iv. Peter Miller, 8 4 

V. Margaret Lyle, 8 

2 8 4 

5. Hugh King, 16 Ot\ 

6. John Park, Elder. 15 4 

7. James Kelsoe, 2 



) APPENDIX. 

8. William Hill, I'O 2 

9. Alexander Parker, 2 

10. William Lyle, 2 

11. John Stevenson, 2 

12. James Waliver, 2 

13. John Laird, 2 

1 4. Robert Caldwell I TtV 

1.5. John Hair, taylor, 1 2 6 

16. William Speir, Gladston, 7 6 

17. John Barbour, U 1 

18. William Bredine, Damton, 3.s. 4d., divided as follows : — 

i. William Bredine pays £0 2 2^ 

ii. William Barbour 1 1 ,V 

3 4 

19. Thomas Orr, for two tenements, i'O 8 4 

20. Do., „ another house, 5 

13 4 

21. Alexander Wyllie, smith, 13 lOy^ 

22. William Bredine, Wright, 6 5/. 

23. John Scott, 7 6 

24. John Speir, £Q 10 6 

25. Do., for another house, 3 4 

13 10 

26. William Ewing, 8 5 

27. James Brown, 1 16 

28. James Dick, 10 

29. Hugh Craig, 1 11 

30. James Aiken, 2 

31. James Greenlees & Son, 14 8 

32. John Speir, for Moss-side, 5 6jrr 

33. John Houstoun, merchant, 3 10j% 

34. John Stewart, 2 

35. Heirs of Ebenezer Campbell, 2 

36. John AVhitehill, 12 8 

37. David Kerr, mason, 1 15 S/ir 

38. James Stevens, 17 6 

39. John Orr, for a park, £6 

40. Do., feu duty, 1 4 10^ 

7 4 lOA' 

41. Walter Caldwell, feu duty, 11 1 

42. Do., rent of Quarry Park, .-flO 

i. But from which deduce Bel trees' and 

ii. John Stewart's feus, 9 4<^% 

9 10 7t'' 



APPENDIX. 
43. James and Alexander Finlays' rent of Heathry House 




^2 

1 




1 

2 

1 





8 

18 


5 


1 







1 
1 



1 




1 


10 
8 9 


45. Walter Pinkerton, 








9 2 " 


46. "William Tarbet, 








11 6 


47. John How, 








15 1 '' 










7 2 










3 8 


50. Do., new feu, 

51. Beltrees, for Little Park, 


.. £2 










10 


i. Deduce Patrick Barr's and 
ii. ]\Iattw. Fleming's feus, 


... 1 



10 2 


52. Alexander Smith, 








53. Alexander Murdoch, 








16 10,",, 


54. William Arthur, dyke builder, 








9 6;':. 


55. James Paton, 








9 11 










9 11 


57. Walter Caldwell and Alexr. Lvle, Barrbush 


Park,. 
..£1 
.. 17 









58. Alexander Speirs, merchant, 

59. Do., for new feu, 




8 


10 

5^% 


9 3A 
10 1-'' 


60. David Cuniniing, 








61. Mrs. Campbell, for an enclosure, 











62. Thomas Honeyman, 








11 3 


63. John Erskine, 

Do., for casway, 


. . £0 
.. 


17 
5 






2 
12 


64. Andrew Smith, 
















15 2/, 


66. John Tarbet, 








16 


67. Robert Reid, 








15 4,^ 


68. William Love, 








17 lO-i".. 


69. John Smellie, 








13 6 


70. George Barr, 








6 1 


71. John Gardner, 








14 4 '■ 


72. William Park, 








11 9 


73. Thomas and Robert C'ald wells, 

Do. do., for casway, . 


..^1 
.. 


12 

7 


4 


19 6 

10 3t% 
1 6 


74. Thomas Caldwell, cartier, 








76. James Cochran, 


..£1 
.. 


9 
6 


3A 

8 




Do., for casway. 






15 llA 



APPENDIX. 

John M'Kindlay, now Alexr. Semple, £1 2 10 

Do., for casway, 6 



97. Mrs. Campbell, for new feu, TO 1 3 

Do., for casway, 6 8 

98. Patrick Barr, 

99. Matthew Fleeniing, 

100. John How, feu duty for part of old Glebe, 

101. John Orr, son of Robert Orr, 

102. George Thomson, smith, 

103. William Neilson, 



2 19 



78. AValter Caldwell pays 6s. of feu duty for a house, but by 

Mr. Milliken's missive to him it does not connnence till 
expiry of the tack of Quarry Park. 

79. James Dick, wright, for a house, now William Barbour's,... 

80. John Park, Junr., now AVilliam ParkV, £1 9 

Do., for casway, 2 

81. James Gaven, ^2 7 

Do., for proportion of casway, 12 

82. William Barbour, -(?0 15 9 

Do., for proportion of casway,... 6 1 

83. Peter :M iller, now John Watson's, 

84. Robert Speir, shoemaker, 

85. Beltrees' feu, 

86. John Lyle, 

87. John Barbour, 

88. John, James, and William Gavens, 

89. Mr. John Warner, for a little park, 

90. Matthew Pa terson, „ feu, 

91. Alexander Murdoch, 

92. John Stewart 

93. James Grant, 

94. William Park, for new feu, 

N.B. — Park allowed to retain his feu duty till paid £5 
for expense of laving his fund of his house. 

95. John Houstoun, for new feu, 15 2i% 

96. Patrick Barr, baker, i^O 18 1 

Do., for caswav, 6 8 



1 1 


10 


12 


1 


2 3 


4W 


1 19 




11 


3 


12 


1 


3 14 





1 





17 


6 


8 





« 





17 


9 


10 


6A 



1 4 9 






7 


11 


1 


14 


8i 


1 


18 


10 


o 


1 





2 











15 








8 


4 



APPENDIX. 

104. William Campbell, writer, for feu of the remainder of 

Steeple Park, £\ 11 6 

105. Robert Blackburn, 115 

106. \V'illiani Manson, schoolmaster, 1 

107. Willm. Gavin, for feu duty of part of Quarry Park, 3 

108. John OiT, sawer in Kilbarchan, for part of do., 218 

109. John King, weaver, 17 9 



i'Ug 9 6 A 



Deduce the following casway money, as now no longer 
payable, viz. : — 

John Erskine's (63) ^0 5 

Thomas and Robert Caldwell's (73), 7 4 

■ James Cochran's (76), 6 8 

Alexander Semple's (77), 6 



^148 



11.— F.\RMS. 



Tenants' Names. 



-1 ^ 

3 <S 



Brought forward, . 



110. Robert Aiken, Kamehill, .CO 10 4^ 

111. John Millar, Locherside, ... 3 4 

112. James Aiken, Lochermiln, ... 2 6 

113. Archibald Morrison, Hardgate, 1 6 

114. Matthew Barr, Manswrae, 111 

115. Mathew Aiken, Lintwhite, 2 4 

116. Robt. Caldwell, Uperauchinsale, 6 8^ 

117. Arehd. Arthur, Netlierdo., 6 lA 

118. John Clerk, Auchincloich, 12 2-f-^ 

Do., a Lamb, ... 

119. Alexander Lyle, ...Over Johnston, ... 12 4 



... 337... 
...1214... 
21 ... 812 



24, 



12 6. 
... 8, 
... 6 



12 12 



^^148 4 6t 

125 

42 

8 

4 5 

21 

10 

34 

18 10 

54 

2 6 

15 



£2 6 111^36 25 39 9912i:'480 2 0^ 



APPENDIX. 

Vicarage as above, j?2 6 llrf 

36 Loads of Coal, at 2Ad„ 7 6 

25 Bolls of Meal, at Ids., 20 

39 Chickens, at 4d., 13 

99 Hens, at Is., 4 19 

12 Capons, at Is, 4d., 16 



FOR CROP, 1786. 

Heirs of John Barbour, Senr., divided as follows : — 

i. John Barbour, Junr., £0 8 Ofr. 

ii. Heirs of William Barbour, 10 11 



13. John Laird, now Hugh Walker. 

40. John ( )rr"s feu duty, divided as follows : — 

i. ^^ iiliani Barbour's heirs, for Robert 

Tarbefs house, £0 10 

ii. John Orr 14 10^ 



42. Deduct also, 

iii. AVilliani Manson's feu, ^'0 7 6 

iv. AVilliam Gavin's „ 1 4 9 

V. John Orr\s „ 14 

vi. John King's „ 6 l^i 

Cf. with Nos. 106-9. 
44. John jMflcrac's, now Alexander Cochrane's. 

53. Alexander INIurdoch's feu duty, divided as follows : — 

i. Alexander Murdoch, £0 8 4i 

ii. James Stevenson, 8 6 

54. VA'illiam Arthur, now James Stewart. 

62. Thomas Honeyman, now the heirs of William Barbour. 
67. Robert Reid, now the heirs of James Barr, Mill of Cart. 
70. George Barr's feu duty, divided as follows : — 

i. George Ban-, ^0 13 4i 

ii. Alexander Laird 12 8i 

77. John M'Kindley, now the heirs of Alexander Semple. 

86. John Lyle, now John How, 

88. John Gavin. 

93. James Grant, now Robert Aiken. 



29 2 5i| 
=^509 4 6 



1 4 10^ 



Alexander Lyle, of Over Johnsti)ne, no meal rent 
Total, 21 bolls of meal, at 15s. id. 



FOR CROP, 1T87. 

FEUS. 

78. Deleted. 

79. James Dick. 

80. John Park. 

91. Alexander Murdoch, Junr. 
109. AJicr tJtis add— James Ban; i^O 19 



21 bolls of meal, at 16s. 



II. 

ADDITIONAL NOTES ON RANFURLY BY MR. HORATIUS BONAR, W.S. 

ERRATA. 
Page 224, line 14. — Read " Craganys " for " Craiganys." 
„ „ 16. — Read " Grifis castell " for "Grifiacastel." 

,, „ 17. — Read " terce " for " tierce." 

,, ., 31 — Delete " annually." 

„ 33.— Read "No. 14 " for " No. 4." 
„ „ 34. — Read " i." for " iii." 

P.ige 225, line 3. — Insert " and Jean married John Porterfield of Duchal." 

„ lines 13-14. — Omit "The last mentioned married John Porterfield of Duchal." 
,, line 17. — Read "terce " for " tierce." 
Page 226, line 29.— Read "Noble" for " Macgill." 
Page 260, line 20. — Read " two " for " one." 
„ 21. — Read " two" for " one." 

Rankuuly — Knox. Page 224, lines 7-9. — The sentence here should rather read that 
Uchtred was a name used by the Knoxes of Ranfurly and Silvieland. These 
families and the Knoxes of Knox were probably all related, though this has not 
been verified. 

Page 225, lines 1-3.—" V. Uchtred, 1536—1553." From his will, dated 
13th July, 1553, we find that he, like his father, left four pence to St. Mango's,. 
Glasgow. He appointed his spouse, " Jonet Sempill," " Jonet Knox, his younger 
daughter," and " William Fleming of Barchan," as his executors. " William 
Bawntin de Ardok " was one of the witnesses to the will. 

I have seen it stated that Janet, who is mentioned as his younger daughter, 
was married to James Fleming of Barochan, but I have not been able to verify 
this. We know, also, that a " Jean Knox," daughter of a Laird of Ranfurly, was 
married to John Porterfield of Duchal. She was probably the elder daughter of 
this Uchtred, as she was married in 1545 (Murray's Kilmacolm, page 241). On 
pages 33-35 of that work, some account of her will be found. She died October^ 
1615 (Hamilton and Campsie Commissariot Records). 

David Crawfoord, in his account of the Knoxes (Macfarlane's Genealogical 
Collections, vol. II., page 278, Scottish History Society (an account, however, not 
to be relied on for accuracy), states that Uchtred had a daughter, Hewissa, 
married to John Bawntin of Ardok. I have not been able to verify this. 

Page 226, line 9. — Though the Earl of Ranfurly claims descent from the 
Knoxes of Ranfurly — most probably founding on the statements in David Craw- 
foord's account — I am satisfied, after investigation, that he is certainly not the 
direct heir of the Ranfurly family, and that, indeed, there is no evidence of his 
having any connection with it. I hope elsewhere to show this more in detail. 
Ranfurly — Cunnin'jham. The whole of this property seems at one time to have 
belonged to the Earls of Glencairn. Before 1531 they had sold Tor, Threeplie, 
and Craigbet to Lord Lyle, who in that year sold these lands to the Sempills of 
Ladymuir, in whose possession they remained till about 1634, when they passed 
to the Cunninghams of Craigans. In 1745 the Cunninghams sold them to the 
then Earl of Glencairn. 



THE DESCENDANTS OF BAILIE BARBOUR [p. 248]. 

HcMPHREY Bakbour (3) married Janet Freeland, and had amongst others the following 
issue : — 

John, who resided at Old Hall, Kilbarchan. 

Robert [b. 1797, d. 1885], whose only son is George Bai-bour, Esq., of Bolesworth 
Castle, Chester. 

George Freeland [b. 1810, d. 1887], late of Bonskeid and Gryffe, whose son is 
A. H. Freeland Barbour, M.D., Esq., of Gryffe. 

Of the marriage of William Stuart and Janet Barbour (3) there was a daughter, 
Janet, afterwards Mrs. Beatson, whose son, William Stuart Beatson, Colonel in the 
Indian Army, mai-ried Miss Humphreys. Of this marriage, there was a son of the 
-same name as his father. Captain in the Bengal Cavalry, who fell in the Mutiny. 
Captain Beatson married in 1851, Cornelia Brownlow, niece of Lord Lurgan, and a 
son of the marriage, Stuart Brow nlow Beatson, is still alive. 

By her second marriage with Sheriff Blair, Janet Barbour had a son, George 
Blair, who married Catherine Blair ; of this marriage there was a son, George Beatson 
Blair, father of Mr. Campbell Blair of Manchester. The last named gentleman has in 
his possession an in metnoriam ring containing some of Bailie Barbour's hair. 

Matilda Ferguson Stiven, the wife of Mr. Jacks, late M.P., is a descendant of 
Bailie Barbour, her grandmother, Mrs. Stiven, having been a grand-daughter of the 
Bailie. 

Barbara, daughter of Bailie John Barboiu% Junior, married a Writer to the 
Signet of the name of Smith. 



INDEX 



The Index is confined to the Names of Places in Kilbarchav, and of Persons intimately 
connected idth it. 

The letters " P.T.R." stand for " Poll Tax Roll," pp. lld-Hl. 



Abercrumbie 

Elizabeth 123 

Margaret 64 

Abernetby, John A 269 

Adam 

James 285 

John 3S, 75 

P.T.K 121, 126, 131, 136, 138, 140, 141 

Adamson, Patrick 52, 55 

Aikinhead. Janet .. 124 

Aird, John 162 

Aitken, Ailtn, Ailkyn, Atkyn 

James , 262, 286, 289 

John 40, 41, 262 

Matthew 262, 289 

Ninian 99 

Robert 262, 272, 2S9, 290 

William 60 

P.T.R passim 

Alexander 

Isobel 99 

James :.... 156 

Janet 98 

John 273 

P.T.R 120, 129, 131, 13S 

Algeo 

Claud 63 

Thomas 63 

Alison, Allison, Allasoun, Allansone, etc. 

George 268 

Margaret 65 

Matthew 268 

Robert 270, 271 

The Allasouns .• 184 

William 153, 270 

P.T.R.... 121, 123, 125, 128, 131, 132, 137, 139 



Allan 

George 282 

James 279 

Robert 282 

William 279 

Anderson, Andersoune, etc. 

John 40, 272, 273 

Mathew 272 

Mrs 125 n. 

P.T.R 135 

Andrew, Andro 

David 78, 270 

John 86, 87, 276 

Robert 270 

P.T.R 123, 125,127, 136 

Antony, Master 33 

Archibald, Robert 268 

Arthur, Arthotir, etc. 

Andrew 75, 78, 270 

Archibald 116, 270, 289 

William 285, 287,290 

P.T.R 121, 129, 134, 135, 138 

Auchans, Auchijnh, Achynge, Achinchoss, Aikens, 

etc., 33, 34, 40, 53, 107, 129, 191, 193, 246, 

249, 275 

Auchinames, Achinamys, Achnems, etc., 246, 248, 
276 ; Baron of. Lady, Laird of, Wardland of, 1, 
48, 49, 56, 72, 139, 153, 211, 248, 264 
See Craufurd. 

Auchincloich, 8, 126, 183, 246, 248, 260, 289. 

Auchindunan 34, 79, 88, 124, 249 

Auchinsale, -seal, etc 127, 246, 249, 260, 289 

Baird, P.T.R 121, 134, 135 

Bankhead 211, 249 

Banks 139, 249 



296 



INDEX. 



Bannatyne, Banntine 

Jean 

William 

Barbour 

Humphrey 162, 175, 

John 76, 151, 154, 163, 164, 168, 175, : 

248, 271, 273, 285, 286, 288, 290, 

Mary 

Messrs 

Thomas 

William 286, 288, 

P.T.R 121, 122, 125, 129, 130, 

Barbush, Barr, Bar's- 121, 175, 247,249, 

Barclay, Mr 

Bar-hill and -holm 5, 177, 246, 247, 

Barmufflock 7, 136, 249, 

Barnaigh 2, 120, 

Barnbeth 135, 224, 250, 

Barnbrock 2, 3, 135, 250, 

Barngreen 

Bar-pennald 32, 

Barr, Bai- 

George 183,287, 

James 282, 

Lands of 138, 153, 163, 213, 214, 246, 247, 

Matthew 

Patrick 166, 271, 287, 

Kobert 37, 

William 147, 252, 

P.T.R 121, 128, 129, 133, 135, 137, 138, 

Barroch 

Barsyde 121, 247, 

Baverage, Baneradge 

P.TR 124, 128, 131, 

Begg, Janet 

Bell, John 66, 

Beltrees 

Cottage 

Laird of 86, 286, 287, 

See Sempill. 

3erchan, Barchan, etc. 

Saint 11-24, 

Berchan's Day 

Berryfaulds 

Between-the-Hills, Betwixt- 137, 154, 

Beyoud-the-HiU 

Birkmyre 

John 

Robert 

Black 

James 210, 262, 

John 196, 

P.T.R 128, 

Blackburn 

. Peter 



Blackbuin 

William 289 

Blackstoun, Blaxton, etc.. ..2., 7, 34, 41, 53, 63, 65, 
88, 99, 133, 153, 172 n., 242, 246, 2.'')0 
Blair 

Catherine 78 

Robert 271 

^ 183 

P.T.R 123, 126, 128, 140 

Boghouse 137, 153, 177. 250 

Boll, P.T.R 128, 133, 134, 140 

Bonar, Horatius 261, 292 

Boog, P.T.K 134 

Bootatoun, Butstoun, etc 35, 129, 198, 250 

Borland, Bore-, Boar- 125, 154, 213, 214, 250 

Boyd 

John 164, 272, 273 

William 147, 269, 272, 273 

Boydsyard, Boij'/ard 132, 154, 163, 246, 251 

Braes 132,251, 276 

Braidwood, James 142 

Brauocklie 136, 247, 251, 260 

Branscroft, Barnscroft 123, 154, 177, 184,213, 

214, 247, 251,263 
Bride 

Saint 22, 25, 26 

• Bride's Burn 2, 3, 123 

Chapel 43, 50, 123 

Mill .34 

Hee Auohindunan. 
Bridge 

-flat 123, 124, 251 

-of-Weir 3, 10, 172 «., 251,275, 284 

-syde 121, 251 

Briggs, Sanny 230 

Brisbane, Alexander 135 

Brodie, Breadine, Breadie, Brydin, etc. 

Andrew 154, 184 

John 99 

Thomas 99 

William 271, 272, 286 

P.T.R 124, 125, 127, 130, 132, 138, 140 

Brookfield 251 

Brown, Brone, Brotoi, Broicni/s. 
Brown 

Alexander 150, 268 

Catherine 109, 110 

Henry 36 

James 151, 270, 286 

Jean 154 

John 37, 38, 267 

Peter 37 

Robert 37, 38 

William 36, 75, 147, 181, 269 

P.T.R 131, 137 



INDEX. 



Bryce, Mary 119 

Brymer, William 279 

Buchanan 

James -8- 

John 269 

Kobert 282 

Burnfoot 227, 251 

Burntsbiels, Bryntschelis, Brenc hall, etc 5, 43, 

126, 167, 211, 217, 252; church at, 146, 

14S-50, 107, 170 
Bute, But, Biiyt 

Alexander 37 

James 36, 37 

John 38 

Butthall 128, 251 

Buttmeadow 154, 251 

Caldwell, Cahiwall 

Archibald 271 

James 175, 177, 281, 282, 285 

John 277 

Robert 271, 2S6, 287, 289 

Thomas 274,287,289 

Walter 151, 175, 286, 287, 288 

P.T.R passim 

Callocliant, Cahjuchant, Cahachant 48, 49, 

139, 211, 252 

Callum, Callume 

P.T.R 126, 132, 139 

Calsyde 136, 252, 260 

Campbell 

David 49 

Ebenezer 286 

Mrs 287,288 

William 289 

P.T.R 124, 127 

Can'le House 178 

Carlisle & Rorison, Messrs 176 

Carrutb 

Burn 2 

Robert : 272, 273 

Carruthers, Thomas 269 

Carswell 

John 109, 2S7 

P.T.R 124, 129 

Cart, Kert 

Black 2, 3, 7, 8, 30, 32, 34, 35, 178, 246, 

247, 252 

-Lochwinnoch 34, 224, 247 

Mill of 175 

-side Farm 3, 141, 210, 211, 252 

White 30 

Caskie, Margaret , , 123 

Catherine, Katharine, etc. 

Saint 23, 24, 25 



Catherine, Katharine, etc. 
Chapel and Chaplain of 



Chain 



4, 48, 49, 52, 201, 
205, 206, 263 



Andrew, James, John 49, 55 n. 

Christie 

Margaret 133 

Patrick 110 

William 280 

Church Street 278 

Clark, Ckrh 

Andrew .. 

Hugh 

John 

Thomas ... 

P.T.R 

Clayfauld 

Clayhole 



6, 272, 



154 



289 



.... 120, 122, 123, 126. 133, 135 

121, 252 

279 

136, 252,260 

Clidishede, Robert .S6, 37 

Climie, Climing, Clymie 

John 99 

William 285 

P.T.R 122, 131, 139 

Clippens, Clippings 132, 154, 172 h., 253, 275 

Clochoderiok, Clocholrich, Clouchrochenj 4, 78, 

79, 124, 153, 253, 259 

Coalbog 128, 253, 260 

Cochrane, Cochran 

Alexander 161, 290 

Andrew 37, 41 

Elizabeth 148 

Hugh 116, 154, 253, 274 

James 178, 289 

Joan 253 

John 147, 2.53, 287 

Marion 79 

Peter 253, 283 

Robert 41, 58, 59 

Steven 75 

William 79, 160, 271, 274 

P.T.R pawra 

Colquhoun, Jean, and Mary 131 

Connell, Jean 123 

Corbar, Corbert, Corsbar, Corbets... 48, 49, 122, 232, 
253 

Cordoner, P.T.R 120, 121, 1.38, 139 

Couper, James 252, 287 

Cowie, James 87, 155 

Cowloan 24 1 

Cowpark 253 

Cragenbroc 3 

Craig 

Hugh 286 

James 154, 168, 271 

2 



Ci-aig 

Mary 183 

P.T.K 125, 126 n., 127, 131, 132, 141 

Craigends, C>aga7ih...A2e, 129, 131, 141, 225, 246, 

253, 260 

Lady 162 

Laird of 59, 75, 78, 152, 153, 163, 179, 183 

See Cuningbanie. 

Craigneoch 123, 253 

Craigrooden 162, 253, 259 

CraigstOD, Craigton, Craig s Ptaiitalion, ...129, 210, 

211, 253 

Craig woodie 13S, 253 

Cranfurd, Crawford, Crafoord 

Family of 20311 

John 263, 267,276, 277, 278 

James 63 

Margaret 278 

Robert 56, 267 

of Auchenames 1, 23, 48, 49, 69, 192, 196, 

197, 221, 275 

P.T.E 120, 123, 124. 139, 140 

Croked-Aiken 121, 254 

Cross 254 

Crossflat, Corslet! 5, 123, 254 

Crossford 59 

Ciiik, Owl-, Robert 55, 207 

Gumming, Cumyng, Cumine 

David 287 

Gilbert 39 

James 79 

John.. 39 

P.T.R 126, 133, 134, 140 

Cuninghame, Cunningham, Conigham, Cvmyghame 

Alexander 267. 270 

Christina 165 

Daniel 57, 58 

Elizabeth 205 

Family of 187-203 

Gabriel 264 

Hugh 264 

John 267 

of Craigends. ..39, 40, 47, 53, 55, 60, 69, 86, 90, 

104, 105, 153, 158, 260, 274 
.See Craigends. 

Robert 196 

William 226, 270 

P.T.R 121, 124, 131, 137, 141 

Cuper , Janet 36 

Curll, David 49, 52, 206 

Daflf, Agnes, and Anna 125 n., 126, 138 

Dalrymple, Robert 259 

Daluith 254 



Damton, Dam.ptoun, Dantoun 49,. 124, 154, 182, 

211,254, 2.59 

Darroeh, John 156 

Davidson, George 186, 274 

Davie 

Francis 278, 279 

Janet 279 

Deafhillock 254, 276 

Dennistoune, William 127 

Dick, James 286,288, 290 

P.T.R 121, 129, 134, 137 

Donaldfield 254 

Donaldson, Robert 50 

Dougall 

James 47 

William 59, 60 

Douglas 

Charles 279 

Donald 287 

James 269, 283 

Principal 269 

Robert 175. 268 

Drummond, Drumont 

Ann 279 

Jean 139 

Drygate 3,5, 122, 232, 246, 254 

Dubsyde 136, 254 

Duncan 

Margaret 132 

Thomas 268 

Dundonald, Earl of 126, 153 

Dunlop, Dunloap 

Elizabeth 163 

Jean 163 

Margaret 95,132 

Eadie, John 272 

Easwald ... 153, 163, 254 

Erskine 

-Faulds 36, 254 

James 36, 41 

John 163, 287, 289 

William 52, 168, 271 

P.T.R 122, 131 

Ewing, Euine 

James 98 

John 170 

•Street 254 

William 286 

P.T.K 122, 126, 140 

Fairlie, Fairley 

Alexander 262 

Robert 272 

Faulds 3, 122, 232, 255 



INDEX. 



Fechnie, Janet 130 

Fergow, Jean 134 

Ferguson 

Robert 157, 159, 272, 273 

Sarah 136 

Ferrier 

Mrs 137, 143 

William 137, 143 

Finlay, Findhi/ 

Alexander 287 

James 269, 273, 2S7 

John 272, 278 

-of Clochoderick 46, 266 

Fleming, Fleeming 

James 56, 65, 267 

John 56, 65, 267 

Matthew 287, 288 

P.T.R 127, 128, 131, 132 

Forehouse 125, 154,248, 255, 259 

Foresyile 125, 255 

Forgie, James ... 110 

Foster, John 121, 133 

Frog, Henry 39 

Fuldub 255 

Fulton, FouHuii...^, 32, 34, 35, 36, 53, 137, 138, 173, 
201, 255 

Matilda of 33, 34 

MiUof 39 

Thomas 278 

Thomas of 33,34 

William 272 

Fyfe, Elspeth 131 

Galbraith, Galhreath, Calhreath 

John 147 

P.T.R 134 

Gardner, Ganif,; (lardiner 

John ". 287 

Laurence 273 

Michael 156, 159, 165, 271, 273 

P.T.R 125, 128, 131, 134, 137, 139 

Gavin, Gaivn 

James 288 

John 288,290 

Mrs 279 

Wilham 288, 289, 290 

Gemmell, Margaret 133 

Gibb, Gib 

James 103 

Janet 103 

P.T.R 126, 130, 131 

Gibson, Mrs. J. Y 25 

P.T.R 135 

Gladstone 140, 211, 246, 255 



Glassford, -fuird 

James 6.1, 153 

Glegg, John 272 

Glen 

Archibald 269 

John 13a 

Glendinning, James 65, 68-70, 74, 79, 81, 267 

Glentyan, -tayne, -tyane ...7, 48, 49, 139, 211, 241, 
242, 255, 279 

Mill of 140, 175, 184,210 

Goldenknowes 132, 255 

Goldfridus of Nesbit 34 

Golkhall 136, 255 

Graham 

James 252" 

Robert 268 

Grant 

Alexander 279 

James 288, 290 

Gray, Andrew 109 

Green 1.38, 246, 2.55 

Greenleis, -lees 

James 286 

John 133 

William 65, 271 

Greenside 2, 4, 124, 154, 256 

Greystonefauld 256 

Gryffe, Grif, etc 2, 3, 4, 30, 32, 176, 224, 246, 

247, 256, 260, 27& 
Guliehouse 121 

Hair, Hare, Hayr 

Ellen 277 

.John 154, 164, 286 

Margaret 93 

Molly 277 

William 162, 285 

P.T.R 125, 129, 138, 139 

Hairlaw 7, 8, 132,256 

Hairspinnel 138, 213, 214, 25& 

Hairswa's 138,256,259 

Haldane, Francis 270 

Hall 

John 38, 65 

P.T.R 121, 138 

Hallam, Mr 157 

HallhiU 79, 128, 195, 260 

Halltoun, Ha'toun 136, 260 

Hamilton, Hammyltoun, Hamtoun 

Alexander 64,78 

Andrew 54, 56, 61-6, 74, 75, 102, 158, 267 

AnnabeUa 102 

Archibald 38 

Claud 52, 53 

David .. 40 



300 



Hamilton, Hammylioiin, Hamloun 

Gavin 40. 54, 59, 267 

James 110,153, 261 

Patrick 57,58, 59 

Thomas 57 

P.T.R 125, 129, 137 

Haningsyde 120 

Hardgate , 122, 232, 256, 289 

Hardhouse 256 

Hardie, William E 272, 273 

Harvey of Castle Semple 239-41, 275 

Hatrig. P.T.R 125, 139 

Hay, Williams 268, 269 

Henderson, Hendirson 

Alexander 60 

Gabriel 47 

Mary 262 

Matthew 154, 271 

Robert 59, 60 

William 74 

P.T.R 121, 123, 132, 138 

Henry of St. Martin 32, 33, 34, 44, 245 

Herbertson, Gaven 186 

Hill 122, 127 

John 272 

William 286 

Hillhead 1?1 

Hodgson, William 273 

Holden, Isaac 283 

Holmes 

Janet 283 

William 272 

Honeyman 

John 186,271, 273 

Mrs 279 

Robert 165 

Thomas 287, 290 

-'s Property 211 

Horsewood 136, 256, 260 

-head 260 

Houstoun, Hou-iton 

Alexander 274, 287 

George 93, 153, 199 

James 181, 186 

Jean 184 

John 175, 178, 286, 288 

Margaret 56, 62, 160, 207-8 

of Johnstone 233-5 

Robert 278, 279, 280 

-'s Property 211 

P.T.R passim 

How, Haw 

Andrew 179 

James 259 



How, Haw 












John 59, 78, 154, 


175 


182, 


208, 


248, 


259, 






270 


287 


288, 


290 


Mary 










259 


Thomas 










2-)9 


William 










259 


P.T.R 








pas-ni 


Hugo, son of Reginald 










33 


Hume 












Aenes 










109 


Robert 












Hunter 






















'?S0 


John 










181 


P.T.R 






..121 


126 


137 


Hutchison, Hutcheon 












James 










59 



John 59 

Margaret 47 

Marion 123 

Huthead 211, 250 



Inglis, Inglice 

Janet 

Mrs 

William 

Innice, Margaret 



Jackson, -soun 

James 

William 

P.T.R 122, 

Jamieson, Jamstouii 

Andrew 

Isobel 

James 

John 

William 

P.T.R 123, 135, 

John, Master 

Johnson, James 269, 

Johnstone 5, 110. 120, 129, 131, 134, 135, 

163, 235, 246, 256, 276, 289, 

House 

Laird of 82, 119, 152, 153, 

See Houstoun. 

Mm 175, 

Robert 144-6, 151, 154, 



2, 267 



Kaim-hill, Kame-, Caym- 7, 128, 177, 196, 257, 

289 

Kelso 

James 285 

John 74, 168, 271 

P.T.R 128, 136 



INDEX. 



Kenmuir 


43, 50, 257 


Kennedy 
Barbara 


137 


John 


050 


Thomas 

Kerr 

David . 


153, 177, 259 

156, ISO, 286 


P.T.R 

Kibbleston, Ki.bble- 


131, 136,138 

5, 140, 206. 211, 257 


Kilbarchan 




K.lloch 

P.T.K 


128, 130, 133 


King 

David 


94 


Edward 




Hugh 








John 

Mrs 


.-.9, 0.5, 27.!, 289, 290 


Robert 




P.T.R 

Kirkland, Alexander 
Kirkwood, James ... 


pa.<s;m 

279 

192, 279 


Knowe 


150 


Knox, K,>ok, Kiiokh, 


Cnoc 


Elizabeth 




Elspa 


"77 


John 

of Eanfurly 

of Selvieland 


38,39,40,58,62,89,260 

.......69,223 6,261,292 






Uchtred 


ogo 


Walter 








Laird 

Alexander 

Andrew 


290 

107 


James 


. ... 186 ''72 


John 




P.T.R 


127, 129, 132, 138 


Lang, Laing 
Arthur 


070 079 


John 




Robert 


271 


WillL-im 


147 276 


P.T.R 


127, 128, 135, 136, 140 


Law, Lawland 


132, 153, 254, 2.58 



Lawmarnock, Lynnernocht . . .3, 26, 48, 49, 140, 141, 
258, 275 

Lennox, .Agues 136 

Leslie, Francis 63 

Levingstoun, James 267 

Liddell, Helen 129 

Liggett 

P.T.R 130, 138 

Lily's Day 179 

Lindsay 

John 130, 167, 170, 268, 277 

P.T.R 120, 136 

Linn, Jean 125 

Lint-white, -wheel 3, 128, 195, 196, 258, 260, 

278, 289 

Liuwood, Lijnwoth- 2, 6, 7, 9, 10, 34, 40, 53, 

75, 132, 134, 135, 172 »., 
176, 177, 257, 275, 276, 284 

Listone, William 100 

Loads 

P.T.R 131 

Lochend 257 

Looher, Lughor, Lochoc 3, 8, 32, 246, 247, 257, 

260, 276 

-Mill 8, 10, 128, 175, 195, 196, 260, 276, 289 

.Printfield 7, 8, 284 

■side 109, 128, 196, 276,289 

Lochhead , Lochead 

P.T.R 120, 122, 128, 129 

Lochpen 140, 257 

Lockhart, Lokhart 

Agnes 132 

Archibald 75 

Logan, William 40 

Love, Luif 

Agnes 277 

Janet 155 

John 155, 271, 279 

Margaret 206 

Robert 276, 277 

William 287 

P.T.R 123, 130, 136, 139 140 

Lyie, Lylle, etc. 

Agnes , ICO, 282-3 

Alex.ander 175, 273, 279, 287, 289, 291 

John 147, 2S8, 290 

Margaret 285 

Robert 274 

William 280^ 286 

P.T.R 122, 127, 129, 130, 134-7 

M'Alister, Alexander 131 

M'Alpie, P.T.R 133 

M'Arthur, P.T.R 128 

M'Cara, John 149, 268 

2 



302 



INDEX. 



M'Caulay, Robert 245,260, 267 

M'Crorie, Thomas 272, 273 

M'Cunnochie, Jeau 123 

M'Donakl, Serg 279 

M'Dougal, 273 

MacDowall 

Day Hort 260 

Family of 201, 236-7, 275 

M'Farlane 

Dr 2S3 

George 279 

M'Girdy, Michael 279 

M'Gregor 

John 269, 282 

Oliver 180, 282 

M'lnlay, Robert 133 

M'Intyre, Duncan 279 

M'Kaw, Mary 47 

M'Kechuey, James 186 

M 'Reich 

George 278, 280 

Hugh 280 

M'Kemie, M'Kemmie 

James 161, 210 

P.T.R 124, 131 

MacKenzie, R. D 268 

M'Kie, Janet 124 

M'Kindlay, John 288, 290 

M'Kuab, John 160 

M'Lachlan, John 142 

M'Laren, John 151, 268 

M'Lean, Laohlan 250 

M'Lintock, James 272 

M'Neill, Catherine 128 

M'Oscar, William 282 

M 'Queen, Makquhin 

John 47, 48, 52, 53, 55, 194, 245, 266 

Macrae, John 287, 290 

Malcom, Robert 37 

Mains 120, 122, 139, 140, 246, 258 

Manson 

Henry 273 

William 157, 273, '289, '290 

Manswraes, i/anstoacy, 128, 130, 195, 196, 258, 

260, 276, 289 
Marshall, Merschell, Mairshall 

George 109 

John 163, 259, 270, 277 

-Moor 3, 5, 258, 277 

Robert 276 

William 78, 270 

P.T.R 1-20, 125, 126, 130, 13'2, 135 

Matilda of Fulton 33, 34 

Maxwell 

Jean 88, 136 



Maxwell 

Patrick 9, 50 


147-8, 155, 173, 176-8, 18'2, 

184, 186, 268 

232 


Meadside 


151 258 279 


Meikle, Alexander .... 








Merchant, P.T.R 


120 


Merchiston 


7 258 




258 


Methel, William 


37 


Michalson, Afechehon 
John 


37 


William 


36 


Millar, Millar 




James 


74, 164, 285 


John 


65 273 289 














P.T.R 

Milliken 


120, 123, 126, 129, 131, 137 
258 


James.. ..146, 156, 

-Mill 


162, 163, 177, 259, 260, 285 






Minister's Park 


211 


Mitchell, Michel! 

John 












Montgomerie, Mount- 

Ezekiel 

James 


264,265, 270 

65, 69, 75, 264 


P.T.R 

Moodie 
Gavin 


119, 123, 127, 140, 141 

115 






P.T.R 

Moorefoot 


129, 138 

138 259 


Morrison 

Archibald 


289 


P.T.R 

Morton, Mortoun 


129 

108 


John 


40 


Walter 




William 








.foul 


211 


-land 


259 




128, 259, 264 


Mouss, Henry 





INDEX. 



Mowatt, Isobel 63, 

JIudy 

Elizabeth 277, 

John 266, 

Muir 

James 

John 

of Kowallan 

Muirhead 53, 133, 

Murdoch 

Alexander 287, 288, 

P.T.R 132, 

Murdgeonhill, Margon- 122, 

Murdy, 



Napier, Naper 

Captain 147, 238, 285 

of Blackstone 133, 153, 235-6 

of Milliken 237-9, 274, 275 

William 280 

Neasmith, Matthew 123 

Nebannoy 211, 259 

Neil, Janet 140 

Nelston, Xeilson 

William 288 

P.T.R 120, 138 

New Street 3, 259 

Nisbet 257 

Niven, -ine 

John 271 

P.T.R 122, 126 

Orr, Or 

James 272, 273 

John 154, 167, 168, 271, 274, 276. 286-90 

Margaret 50 

Ranald 40 

Robert 264, 288 

Thomas 50,85,279, 286 

William 274 

P. T. R passim 

Ouplay, P.T.R 123, 140 

Over Johnstone 131, 254 

Overton 139,211,259, 263 

Paisley, Pasley 

John 36, 37 

Robert 89 

Park 

John 47,182, 285, 288, 290 

William 287, 288 

P.T.R 126, 127, 131, 132, 136 

Parker 

Alexander 286 

George 276 



Parker 

Ninian 116 

P.T.R 127, 128, 136 

Parkhead 260 

Passinglinn, Pishenlinne 139,211, 260 

Paterson, Patisoyi, etc. 

John 75, 78, 270, 270 

Miltolm 107, 196 

Matthew 288 

Peter 110 

William 64, 182 
P.T R pas^zm 
Paton, Patoun 

James 287 

William 182 

Pendreiche, Robert 63 

Peock, Andrew L 269 

Pierson, David 84, 97-101, 155, 267 

Piukertoun 

Walter 287 

P.T.R 122 

Pinnel, Penuld, Pennale, etc. 4, 10, 32, 43, 44, 125, 

138, 153, 173, 177, 179, 210, 214, 246, 247, 254, 

259, 262, 276, 280 

-Mill 258, 259 

Plainlees 123, 260 

Plewright, John 123 

Pol wart, Andrew 52 

Porterfield, Alexander 153 

Powburn 260 

Prieston 44, 50, 136, 260 

Public Park 3, 177 

Purdon, Matthew 279 

Pynsdaill 121 

Quarry Park 232 

Rabstoun, Rohhstoune 140, 211, 262, 264 

Ranfurly, Ramphordlie, etc. 58, 135, 136, 153, 179, 

203-6, 245, 247, 260, 292 

Castle 261 

Chapel of 50, 260 

See Knox. 

Rankine, Castle 263 

Ray, James 270 

Redan 262 

Reid 

Janet 86, 116 

John 79, 272 

Robert 43, 271, 272, 287, 290 

William 155, 168, 271 

P.T.R passim 

Rendyck 120, 262 

Riddell, Elspe 122 

Ritchie, Jean 129 



INDEX. 



Riverees, Wraywraes, Ri/wraithls ...5, 53, 262, 277 
Robertson, Roblesoune 

,T. M 268 

Mrs 270 

P.T.R 120 

Rodger, Botjer 

Jolin 272 

Mr 173 

Robert 163, 272 

Vicar 46, 266 

William 196,259. 271 

P.'i'.R 128, 130 

Ross, P.T.R 134, 141 

Ronghill, 262 

Rowantreeflat 262 

Russell, Robert 268 

Sandholes 262 

Saucer, Malcolm 36 

Schoolfauia 262 

Sclaitter, P.T.R 135 

Scoch, Agnes 124 

Scott, Srot 

Johu 166, £74, 286 

Walter 37, 39 

P.T.R 127, 129, 131, 140 

.Seoul.ir, Scoitler 

Dr. John 283 

John R 269 

Selvieland, 7, 134, 135, 153, 198, 226, 227, 262, 292 

See Knox. 
Sempill, Semple, Simpil, Sijmpyll, etc. 

Agnes 79 

Alexander 287,289, 290 

Andrew 75 

Gabriel 276 

Giles 78 

Hugh, Hew 75, 78, 168, 270. 271 

.Tames 75,178, 270 

Johu .30, 37, 40, 41, 60, 168, 210, 252, 264, 

270, 271 

Lords 42,43,50,52,64,76, i53 

of Beltrees 69, 72, 75, 76, 112, 153, 195, 

217, 227-33, 263 

of Burntshiels, 62, 217, 252 

of Castle Sempill 211-22 

of EUiestoun 49, 211 

Patrick 41 

Thomas 42 

William 35, 36, 38, 49, 162, 168, 201, 252, 

263, 264, 271, 277 

P.T.R passim 

Shand, Alexander M 268 

Shaw, S/iaos 

Christian 178, 199 



Shaw, Shaos 

James 47, 109, 266, 277, 278 

John 109 

Simou 266, 277 

William 269 

P.T.R 122,123, 129, 134, 135 

Sheirer, Janet 136 

Shillingworth 136, 260, 26 i, 276 

Shuttle Street 263, 278 

Simpson, Simson, Synsoun, etc. 

Alison, 99 

Habbie or Robert.. 36, 37, 38, 67, 195, 2.S0, 281 

John 36-38, 156, 273 

P.T.R 130, 134, 138 

Sinkler, George 131 

Smellie, John 285, 287 

Smith 

Alexander ". 287 

Andrew 287 

George M 268 

Misses 5, 283 

Snodgrass 

John 153 

Mr 163 

P.T.R. 120, 121, 129 

Speir, Speir.^, Spear 

Alexander 154, 168, 175, 2,55, 271, 287 

Allan : 175 

Archibald 252, 261 

James ...74, 279 

John '.IS, K;:;, 2.".2. 264, 271, 286 

of Blackstone, 241, 275 

of Culdees 2.36, 238 

Robert 160, 186,252,271, 288 

William 286 

P.T.R pussim 

Spouthead 177 

Spring-grove 5, 177 

SprouU, Matthew 184 

Stack-yard 175, 241 

Steeple Street 263, 278 

Steill 

P.T.R 136, 138, 141 

Stevens, James 286 

Stevenson, Steinsoim, Sthixon 

James 179, 272, 273, 290 

Janet 280 

John 164.270,272. 286 

Robert 269 

William 162 

P.T.R 122, 124, 127-9, 131, 136 

Stewart, Stuart 

Alexander 160 

James 2flU 



305 



Stewart, SCuart 

John 270, 2S6, 2SS 

Mary 160 

Matthew 186 

William 162 

P.T.K 121, 126, 130, 132, 133, 135, 137 

Stirling 

Captain 241-2 

James 71, 86,90-5,101, 102, 144, 155, 162, 

198, 267 

John 70-90, 96, 99, 101, 117, 155, 181, 234, 

267 

Mrs 83 

Eobert 56, 57, 193, 267 

-Street 241 

Strathview 3 

Strong, Daviil 269 

Syan'sAcre 263 

Symm, John 41 

Tandlehill 120, 163, 263 

Tarhert, Terbet 

John 287 

Robert 290 

Terbet's 263 

William 287 

P.T.R 120, 123, 126, 129, 132, 138, 139 

Tate, James 39 

Taylor, Taijhcotir 

John 250 

Robert 184 

Telfer, Jean 109 

Tenant, TeiinaiU 

JohnC 270 

Josepli 74, 155 

Thirdpart 3, 38, 79, 122, 153, 161, 214, 217, 227, 

232, 263 

Thomas, son of Nicholas 33 

Thomson 

Archibald 274 

George 288 

John 160 

Maky 36 

Margaret 160 

Mrs 283 

Thomas R 270 

P.T.R passim 

Threplie, Thriplee, etc 87, 128, 197, 260, 263 

Todhoks, 7, 133, 263 

Toflfts, Elspeth 127 

Torr 2, 197, 260,263, 276 

-hill 87, 127 

To werhouse , 3 

Tow-n-foot 150, 278 

Troop, Andrew 250 



Turnbull, Robert. 
'Tween-ye-hills ... 



ITrri, (r,.,> 

James 119 

William 34, 204 

Veitch, Margaret ' 130 



Walker 

Emmanuel 



.129, 133, 



James 

Peter 

P.T.K 

Walkinshaw 

James 83, 84, 110, 

John 

WalkmiU, Waulk- 120, 122, 

Wallace, Walace 

Elizabeth 

James 65, 257, 

Jean 

John 

Mary 

Matth e w 

Robert 

Thomas 

William 60, 62, 257, 267, 270, 277, 

P.T.R 120, 129, 137. 

Wardend 49, 140,211, 

Wardhouse 154, 

Warner, John... 146-47, 154, 156, 166, 185, 268, 

Warnokis, Archibald 

Waterstone, Walterdone, WatterstuimcA, 128, 
154, 195, 196, 

James 

Watersyde 120, 232, 

Watson, -Koun 

Adam 47, 55, 

John 

Watt 

James 

John 

Weitlands, Wheat-, Well-, Weet-...A3, 60, 
154, 156, 213, 214, 254, 259, 264, 265, 

Welsh, John 

Whiunerstone 

White, Robert 168, 

Whytehill 

John 135, 

Robert 169, 

Widderspoon, WiUiam 

Wilson 

Adam 



:306 



INDEX. 



Wilson 

Archibald 97, 101-4, 267 

Elizabeth 202 

George 274 

Isobel 79 

James 154, 269 

John 63, 262, 274 

Mary 262 

Matthew 273 

P.T.R 120, 126, 132, 137, 139, 141 

WindiehiU 53, 137, 154, 265 

Wodrow, Woodroiv, Widrow 

Matthew 272 

Robert 183 

William 272 

P.T.R 121, 131, 133, 140, 141 



PAGE 

Wrayes 38 

Wright 

P.T.R 125, 127 

Wylie, Wyllie 

Alexander 286 

David S 150, 268 

P.T.R 132, 137, 138, 140 

Yardshead 265 

Yeardfoot 120, 139, 265 

Young 

Andrew 87 

James 154, 156, 162, 163, 165, 168, 271, 273 

P.T.R 125, 130, 133, 139 




ERRATA. 

Page 245, line 22— Read " Henry " of St. Martin's for " Thomas." 
„ 267, „ 22— Read " John " Stirling for " James." 
„ 277, „ 18 — After " 20 " insert " pounds." 



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