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A xoxTioir of the works of King Alfred Itaving already 
appeared in the series of which this volume forms a part, the 
Editor thought that a complete edition of his Aug^o-Saxon 
translation of the treatise of Boethius de Gonsoiatione Philo>- 
sophiffi would be acceptable. Some years since^ the late Mr« 
Gardale published the prose of the Anglo-Saxon yersion with 
an English translationy which was soon afterwards followed 
bj an edition of the Metres, with a literal translation bj the 
present Editor. In the edition now printed, the judicioua 
sdection by Mr. Gardale firom the different readings of the 
only MSS. in existence has been carefully weighed, and, for 
the most part, followed. The MSS. alluded to are the Got^ 
tonian MS., Qtho, a. vi., now in the library of the Britisb 
Mnsenm, and one which contains merely a prosaic version^ 
in the Bodleian Library, Oxford. The MS. in the Britisb 
Museum formerly belonged to ?ir Robert Gotten, and was 
so much injured by the fire which destroyed a portion of his 
Taluable collection before its removal to our great public 
library, that for many years it was utterly useless, con- 
sisting merely of detached fragments thrown together in a 
box, until, by the skill and industry of the Eev. Joseph 
Stevenson and the late John Holmes, Esq., it was rearranged 
in 1844, the detached parts being neatly put together within 
a border of new parchment, and is now rendered so perfect 
that most of it can be read with the greatest ease ! This 
MS. contains a similar translation of the prose poition of 


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BoethiuB to that in the Bodleian Library, but the Latin 
Metres are rendered in Anglo*Sazon verse, while those in 
the Bodleian MS. are translated in a prosaic form. In this 
edition every word contained in both MSS. is given, and the 
variations, which are the result of a careful collation, are 
marked at the foot of each page. 

The original work of Boethius de Consolatione Philo- 
sophise is extremely interesting from the circumstances 
tinder which it was written. The author, whose full name 
was Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius, was born between 
A.D. 470 and 475. His father dying while he was young, he 
was brought up among his father's friends at Bome, who 
were distinguished men, and of whom Symmachus, to whom 
allusion is made, was one. Boethius was famous for his 
general learning, and also for his extensive charities. He 
married Busticiana, the daughter of Symmachus, and was 
the father of two sons, Aurelius Anicius Symmachus, and 
Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius, who were consuls a.d. 
522. His high character naturally brought him into public 
notice, and, after being consul a.d. 510 , he attracted the 
attention of Theodoric, king of the Ostrogoths, who gave 
him a responsible appointment in his court, and consulted 
him on many important subjects. After attaining the greatest 
height of worldly prosperity, his happiness was suddenly 
overcast. His unflinching integrity provoked enmity in the 
C jourt of Theod oric ; and his boldness in pleading the cause 
of Albinus, when accused of treason by an informer, seems 
to have afforded his enemies a plea for charging him and 
Symraachus.with the intention of d elivering Bome from th e 
barbari an yoke. "Whatever grounds there may have been 
for the charge, he was treated with great injustice, not being 
allowed a trial, and a sentence of confiscation and death 
being passed against him without a hearing ! He was im- 
prisoned in the baptistry of the church at Ticinum, which 
was to be seen till A.n. 1584 ; and during this imprisonment 

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he wrote his books De Consolatione Pbilosopbiie. He was 
afterwards beheaded, or, according to some writers, he was 
I beaten to death with dubs. Sjmmachus was also beheaded, 
and Eusticiana was reduced to poverty, until, through the 
kindness of the widow of Theodoric, who was regent during 
^ her son's minority, her husband's confiscated property was 
^ restored to her. A tomb was erected to the memory of 
t Soethius by Luitprand, king of the Lombards, in the 
k. church of S. Pietro Cielo d'Oro; and afterwards a more 
^B magnificent one by Otho Ill.^with an epitaph by Pope 
^^ Sylvester II. There is much diflSculty in deciding whether 
r . Boethius was a Christian or a devout heathen. "Whatever 
I he may have been, there is not in the original treatise any 
I mention of the consolations which Christianity affords to the 
' unfortunate. As is elsewhere stated, any Elusions to the 
Christian religion which occur in the following pages, are in- 
troduced by King Alfred. Yet, as it has been well observed 
by an eminent writer, "If, on the one hand, the general 
silence on the subject of Christianity in such a book, at such 
a period of his life, proves that, if he was a Christian, its 
doctrines could hardly have been a part of his living belief; 
on the other hand, the incidental phrases which occur, the 
. strong religious theism which pervades the whole work, the 
real belief which it indicates in prayer and Providence, and 
the unusually high tone of his public life, prove that, if a 
heathen, his general character must have been deeply tinged 
by the contemporaneous influences of Christianity." 

The peculiar circumstances of King Alfred's life very 
naturally produced a sympathy in his mind for the sufier- 
ingB of the noble Eoman, and were the happy means of pro- 
ducing a work, in which, at the distance of a thousand years, 
ve can hear, as it were, our revered sovereign speaking to us 
in his own language on some of the most important topics of 
human life ! For although King Alfred professed to trans- 
late the work of Boethius, yet he inserted in various parts- 

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yi j^BXTAGlL 

I manj of bis own thoughts and feelings, and thus composed 

! several moral essays, in which he has, in a manner, trans- 



I mitted himself to posterity. The imperfection of King 
^ Alfred's early education will account for a few mistakes in 
names and historical facts. These, however, by no means 
lessen the value of the translation ; and instead of wouder« 
ing at their occurrence, one should rather feel surprised that 
they are not more numerous and more important, consider- 
ing the disadvantages under which he laboured. The trans« 
lation was made, as the royal author states, amid '^ various 
and manifold worldly occupations, which often busied him 
both in mind and in body. The occupations," said he, " are 
very difficult to be numbered which in his days came upon 
the kingdoms which he had undertaken to govern." On this 
account our wonder may well be excited, since we meet with, 
literary attainments which, in those days, were to be sought 
rather in the retirement of the cloister than in the noise and 
tumult of a camp, which was often in the neighbourhood of 
harassing foes. 

King Alfred entirely altered the arrangement of Boethius, 
for, instead of dividing his work into four books, and sub- 
dividing each book into chapters, as his author had done, he 
divided the whole work into forty-two chapters, alluding 
occasionally to the books of the original. The first six 
chapters of the Anglo-Saxon version comprise the chief part 
of the first book of Boethius, together with a short introduc- 
tion. The next fifteen chapters contain the substance of the 
second book. The third book is translated in the fourteen 
chapters which follow. Pour chapters and part of another, 
viz. part of chapter xh, are devoted to the fourth book ; and 
the remaining portion of chapter xl., together with chapters 
xli. and xlii., completes the whole. 

Although the work is deeply interesting, yet the most 
striking portion will be found in the following chapters : In 
chapter xv., there is a pleasing description of the golden age. 

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In chapter zix., the vanity of a too eager pursuit of fame is 
pointed out. In chapter zxi., the power and goodness of 
the Creator in governing and upholding the universe are 
displayed. Chapter xxv. contains a dissertation on natural 
disposition. The iirst part of chapter xxix. describes the 
weakness and unhappiness of kings, while the second part 
illustrates th^ dangers to which royal favourites are exposed 
hy the treatment which Seneca and Papinian met with. 
The second part of chapter xxx. declares the natmral equality 
of mankind. Chapter xxxiii., part iv., contains an address 
to God. Chapter xxxv., part iv., contains the fable of the 
giants warring against Jupiter, and the history of the tower 
of Babel; and part vi. relates the story of Orpheus and 
Eurydice. Chapter xxxviii., part i., gives the account of 
Ulysses and Circe. Chapters xl. and xli. are devoted to an 
inquiry into divine predestination and human liberty. The 
last chapter treats of Q-od and eternity. 

The Editor has availed himself of the kind permig^ion of 
Martin Tupper, Esq., D.C.L., <&c. <&c«, to substitute his 
excellent poetical translation of the Metres for his own 
literal one, and he tenders his sincere thanks for the per- 
mission which has been so freely accorded. He also begs to 
acknowledge the great assistance which he has derived from 
the labours of the late J. S. Cardale, Esq», and from the 
valuable suggestions of his highly-esteemed friend Dr. Bos- 
worth, Professor of Anglo-Saxon in the University of 


Morley Rectory, March, 1864. 

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I 'iELFR€D^Kuninj/,p»r pealhjtob t5in*e bfc. ^ hie op l5ec 

\ Lebene o n €ndiTC penbe. jifS hj^^ ^ir jebon. hp&um he rette 

popb be popbe. hi^umj anbxit op anbxic8 j [^^'^^ rpa he hit })a 

fpeotolojr T janb^itpillicort xepeccan mihte .con J)»m mift. 

^ hcum^ ^ iQS^QBFfi^^ira peonulb't birguifl ^ hme Oftleg>ep«^e 

d^on mo^e je on Cchoman tbirxoban, ^I& ' biygu nr pnt ml>e 

T^jggl^pime'^ ])e on hif baj^um on ]>a plku becomon,])e he 

anbep)»n^en hs&pbe, ^ ]>e£h ]>a he ))af boc h»pbe j^leopnobe ^ 

^ op Laebene to €n^f cum ppelle ijepenbe, ^ ^epophte Ki ept to 

lO leofe,* rpj^rpa he<J nu jebon ij^ nu bit ^ pop Erobep naman 

fl halpa])' »lcne fapa ge fcf boc nagban Ivrte . $Jigjop hme ^e- 

bibbe. ^ him i^eTpite jip he hit pihthcop onpte fonne he 

mihte.^ pop]>»mt$e »lc mon pcealbehip anb^itep met$e anb be 

J 3 hir^a&mettan pppecan t5»t he pppecp. ^ bon -p $ he bef : • 

1 Cott mifhcum. > Bod. )x>pbam *}. ' Cott, puna. ^ Cott.^ 

>a se|H>phte he hi eptep leo)>e. ^ Cott healfa'5. ^ Cott meahce. 


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Kino Al7bed was translator of this book, and turned it 
from book Latin into EnglisliIjaBit is now done. Sometimes 
he set word ^ word, sometimes meaniu^ fit meaniug^s he 
the most plainly and most clearly could explain it, for the 
Tarious and manifold worldly occupations which often busied 
him both in mind and in body. The occupations are to us 
very- difficult to be numbered, which in his dftys came upon 
the kingdoms which he had undertaken, ;md yet when he 
had learned this book, and turned^ fiy tojjLgfc i into the 
English language, he afterwards wmpoo i a jtaai verse, as it is 
now done.XAnd he now prays, and for God*s name implores 
every one of those who list^^ o read this book, that he would 
pray for him, and not blame him, if he more rightly under- 
stood it than he could. For every man must, according to 
the measure of his understanding, and according to his leisure, 
epeak that which he speaketh, and do that which he doeth. 

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iEnejt; hjinCfOCaii ^epunnon Romana pice. "3 humoetiuf h i 
5 polbe "fbenaBfean. j^eobpic fa ^ anpinbe. anb hme hec on 

// capcepnejeBjunjan ; • p. 2. 

S pu Boetiuf on tJam capcepne hif pap f eopenbe p8&f I • p. 4. 

l^u f e f^tfbom coiJ to Boetie a&pejt; inne on fam capcepne/* 
3 hine onjan fpefpian : • p. 4. 

pu Boetiuf hine pnjenbe jeba&b, -j hir eappopu to IfObe 

\ maenb^ : • p. 6. 
' V. 

pu re p'lfbom hine ept tpete ;) pihte. nub hif anb- 

fpopum:* p. 8. 


pu he him pehte \bifpell bi ]>8&pe pinnan. ^ bi o]>pum 

tunjlum. 3 bi polcnum r^ "" p. 14. 


pu fe p^ifbom f»be ]7am GDobe ^ him naht rpi)>op na&pe 

]>onne hit poplopen hs&pbe J>a populb f8&l)>a pe hit aep to je- 

punob h»pbe. 3 fsebe him bifpell hu he hit macian p ceolbe ^ip 

he heopa fejen beon pceolbe. 3 be faep pcipep pejele. "] hu hip 

/^ S^^^^^ peopca ealpa polbe hep on po]iulbe habban lean : • 

p. 16. 


pu -p ClOob anbppopebe faepe Eepceabpipneppe. "3 psebe ^ hit 

hit s&^hponan on^^eate pcylbi^. eac peebe ^ hit paepe oppeten 

mib t$8&p la]>ep pape ^ hit ne mihte him jeanbppopian. Da cp8e]> 

pe p'lpbom. J ip nu jit ]>inpe unpihtpipneppe ^ pu eapp pulneah 

Z9 poppoht. tele nu pa jepaelpa pip pam popjiun : • p. 24. 

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First, how the G-oths conquered the empirfi nf the BomapSj 
and how Boettius wished to deliver them,'and Theodoric then 
discovered it, and gave orders to take him to prison. ^ p. 3. 


How Boethius in the prison was lamenting his hard lot. 

p. 5. 

How "Wisdom first came to Boethius in the prison, and 
hegan to comfort him. p. 5. 

How Boethius singing prayed, and lamented his misfor- 
tunes to God. p. 7. 

How "Wisdom again comforted and instructed him with his 
answers. p. 9. 

How he related to him a parable of the sun and of the 
other heavenly bodies, and of the clouds. p. 15, 


How Wisdom said to the Mind, that nothing affected it 
more, than that it had lost the worldly goods which it before 
was accustomed to; and spoke to him a parable, how he 
should act if he should be their servant ; and concerning the 
ship's sail ; and how he wished to hare the reward of all his 
good works here in this world. p. 17. 

How the Mind answered the Eeason, and said that it per- 
ceived itself every way culpable ; and said that it was oppressed 
with the soreness of trouble, so that it could not answer him. 
Then said Wisdom : This is still thy fault that thou art almost 
despairing ; compare now the felicities with the sorrows. , 

p. 25. 

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/ Da onjan fe pif&om ejrt f ecjaiu^ifpell be ]>»|ie pmnan. hu 
heo opepLht eal le o{>pe fteopan. "^ ^i iiditpa]! mih hipi p len^ ^fcg. 
^ hu )K>ne pnylcan f» ]>»f pinbef ^ I • p. 26. 


]?u Boetnif inbe he ] yjt;ole onpten h»pbe f hit eall f o]> 
p»pe f f e p'lf bom f »be. 3 f eo opfophnef . 3 t$a f»l]>a fe he a&p 
penbe ]>8ec j^F^^I'^^ l>^oi^ fceolban nauhtaf n»jian. 3 hu fe 
p'ifbom. f he mihte jepeccan f he [s«r*^X]* p»pe. faebe f hif 
ancop p8&pe tSa ^c )»ft on eop]>an : • p. 26. 


pu feo Ijefceabpifnef him anbfpopeb^ anb cp»]>. f heo penbe 

/of heo hine hps&thpe^unjej* upahapen hwpbe ;] jrulneah ^e- 

bpoht 8&C ]>am ilcan peop]>fcipe tSe he »p h»pbe. anb acpobe 

hme hpa hapbe eall f he polbe on fiyfe populbe. pime habba]> 

8&]>elo '} nabba]> ape : • p. 30. 


pu pe p'lpbom hme laepbe. jip he p»pc hup timbpian polbe. 
j J- f he hic ne pecce up on f one hehrtanlcnoll : • p. 36. 

pu pe p'lpbom ps&be f hie meahtan t$a n^aeahcop p ppecan> 
pp])am]7e peo lap hpa&thpejnunjep eobe on hip anb^ic : • p. 36. 

pu ]7set COob q?8&]> hpi him ne pceolbe hcian ps&jep lanb. 3 hu 
pe pipbom ahpobe hpaet him belumpe to hipa pa&jepneppe I • 

p. 40. 

Xj^ pu peo Jjepceabpipnep paebe hu sepsshj peo popme db 
pa&p : • p. 48. 


pu pe pipbom p»be *]$ hihi polbon ahebban pop^am anpealbe 
o)> J>one heopen. anb be ^eobjiicer anpealb jTNejionep I -"p. 48. 


pu f GOob psebe f himna&pne peo m»2)> 3 peo gitpuny T poppe l 
jg^jfneljfiobe. buton to hipe &e tuabe : • p. 58. 

1 Bod. UDSefAbs. 

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Then began Wisdom again to speak a parable concerning 
the sun, how she outshines all other stars, and obscures ihem 
with her light ; and how the raging of the wind iroMe^ the 
placid sea. p. 27. 


How Boethius said, he plainly perceived that it was all true 
that Wisdom said : and ih<U tne prosperitj, and the enjoy- 
ments which he formerly thought should be happiness, were 
nothing: and how Wisdom, that he might show that he 
was happy, said, that his anchor was still fast in the earth. 

p. 27. 


How Beason answered him, and said, that she thought she 
had in some measiure raised him up, and almost brought him 
to the same dignity which he before had : and asked him who 
had all that be would in this world : some have nobility and 
have not riches. p. 31. 

How Wisdom instructed him, that if he were desirous to 
build a firm house, he should not set it upon the highest hill- 
top, p. 87. 

How Wisdom said, that they might then argue more 
closely, because the instruction had in some measure entered 
into his understanding. p. 37. 

How the Mind said, why should not fair land delight him p 
aiid how Wisdom asked, what of their fairness belonged to 
him P p. 41. 

How Beason said, how happy the first age was ! p. 49. 

How Wisdom said, that men would exalt themselyes for 
power to heaven : also ^concerning the power of Theodoric 
and Nero.'' p. 49. 

How the Mind said, that power and covetousness never 
well pleased him ; but that he toiled with reluctance, p. 59, 

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XVm. XIX. 

/ BeUif«n:« pp. 60-^8. 


Be Jwjie pi]pe]ipea]i6aii p^pbe. ;j be J>»pe oppopx^n :• p. 70. 

Be 9»f ttlmilitijan Cobef anpecdbe. hu be pelr ealhun hif 
jefceaptum:. p. 72. 


S' Pu j-e yifbom 3 r*<> Eefceabpifner h»fbon fsec ODobtajaec^ 
»jj>ep je mibtpnealicpe jpjis&ce. xe mib pyhfumMi "jiin^'e : • 

p. 76. 


pa fe p'lfbom l»pbe ]»one )>e he polbe p»ftmb»pelanb f apan. 

f he atnh^e of aspejt; )»a ^pnaf . -^ fa pyppif. ^ J^a unnyctan 

peob. <;) hu he fiBbe pp hpa bitepef hpen'on^^epebe. f hrni 

/o puhte beobpeab ^petpe : • p. 78. 

pu menn piliiia)^ tuph un^ehce seapmmja camsn eo anpe 
eabi^neije:* p. 80. 


pu Eob pek ealpajej-ceapramibpam bpiblum hif anpealbef. 

^ hu a&lc jef ceajrc ppiS^j' ftp hipe jee^bef . 3 pilna}) J hit cume 

/^ fibep ponan pe hit a&p com : • p. 88. 


pu fe pifbom f aabe f men mihton be Eobe fpelce hi msste. 
;j hpa&pep fe pela mihce ponemon jebon fpa pelme f he mapan 
ne poppte. 3 hpa&pepB ^oetie eall hip populb hcobe pa he ge- 
p»l3ojx p8Bf :• p. 90. 

XX vn. 

-^<^ pu ye peopppcipe maeg gebon tu pmj pone bjjejan pam 
oppum byj-ejum peoppne. 3 hu Noniuf paBf p opcpeben pop pam 
jjjrlbenan pcpibpa&ne. •] hu aBlcep monnep ypel bip py openpe jip 
he anpalb ha&p : • p. 94. 

^ . Be Nepone pam Hapepe : • p. 100. 

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^ JUT, 24. 


xvnr. XIX. 

Of Fame. pp. 61— 69. 

Of advene foitiuie, and of prosperouB. p. 71. 


Of the power of Almighfcj God; and how he governs all 

bis creafcores, p. 78. 


How Wisdom and Beason had restored the Mind, both 

wilih profound argument, and with pleasant song. p. 77. 

How Wisdom instructed the man who would sow fertile 
land, that he should first take away the thorns, and the furze» 
and the useless \s^&ds : and how he said, that if a person 
had tasted anything bitter, honeycomb seemed the sweeter 
to him. p. 79. 


How n:en desire, by different means, to arrive at one 
happiness. p. 81* 


How God governs all creatures with the bridles of his 

power : and how every creature tends towards its kind, and 

desires that it may come thither, from whence it before 

came. p. 89. 


How Wisdom said, that men were able to understand con« 
ceming Ood, as in a dream : and askedf whether wealth could 
make a man so rich that he should not need more: and 
whether to Boethius, all his condition were agreeable, when 
he was most prosperous. p. 91. 


How dignity may do two things to the unwise, who is 

honoured by other unwise persons : and hq^w Nonius was re- 

- buked for the golden chair of state : and how every man's 

evil is the more public when he has power. p. 95. 

Of Nero the Casar. pv IQl. 

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XXIX. ♦ 

/ Pjw]>ep y»Y cjninjef neapeft ^ hif jrpeonbfcipe ma&^e 
»ni^e mon pebpie 3 jmlbenbne jebon. 3 hu ]>a o]>pe ppienb 
cuina|> mib ]>aai pelan. 3 ejit mib )>am pelan se]nta]> : • p. 102. 


pu fe fcop pang f ma maima pn^obon bypijep polcep je-* 

J" bpolan. Sonne hie psepiebon f o]>pa ppella. ^ ip f hi penbon hip 

betepan ]>onne he y»jie, tSonne p»piia]> hi )>a&p ]>e hi pceamian 

pceolbe:* p. 106. 


pu pe pceal p«)a neapaneppa se])olian ]>e ]>»p hchoman luptap 

popla&tan pceal. 3 hu mon m»2 ]?y ilcahpeopce cpej^an "p netenu 

^0 penb jepa&iije. pp man cyip ]>a&c tSa men pen jeps&hje "Sa heopa 

lichoman luptum pylijaf :• ' p. 110. 

pu Sep anpeapba pela mep]? Sa men )>e beo)> atihte to ]7am 
po]7um ^ep8el]nim. 3 hu pe pi]i>om ip an anhpe cps&pt ]>8&pe paple. 
3 ip Secdi betepa ]>onne ea]le]>8ep hchoman cpa&ptap. *] ^eah hpa 
/S^ je^abepie ealle J^ap anbpeapban 50b. Sonne ne ma&j he no J>e 
pa]>op beon ppa peh^ ppa he polbe. ne he ept him n»p]> S»t f 
he 8&P penbe I • p. 114. 


pu pe p'lpbom h»pbe ^ecaehc ]>am ClOobe pa anhcneppa ]7apa 

po]>ena p»l^a. polbe hi fa pelpe ^eta&can. •] bi fam pip ^e- 

^ p»l)>um. f ip pela. 3 anpealb. -3 peop)>pcipe. 3 popemaepnep. -3 

piUa:- p. 118. 


pu pe p'lpbom h»pbe ^epeht hpset f hehpte ^ob psep. polbe 
him ]>a jepeccan hpa&p hit pa&p. "j hu op ]?am mycelan ^obe 
cuma]> ]>a l»ppan : • p. 134. 

* XXXV. 

j' pu pe pipbom l»pbe f ClOob f hitpohte on mnan him f hiti 
8Bp ;^butan hit pohte. 3 popl»te unnytte ymbhojan ppa^he 
'y 7 ppipopt mihte. 3 hu Iiob pealt ealpa ^epceapta 3 eallpa joba 
// mib )>am pteoppo]>pe hip jobneppe : • p. 1^. 

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Whether the king's favour and his friendship are able to 
make any man wealthy and powerful : and how other friends 
come with wealth, and again with wealth depart. p. 103. 


How the poet sung, that more men rejoiced at the error of 
the foolish people, than rejoiced at true sayings : that is, that 
they thought any one better than he was. Then do they re- 
joice at that which should make them ashamed. p. 107. 


, How he shall suffer many troubles, who shall yield to the 
lusts of the body ; and how any one may, by the same rule, 
say that cattle are happy, if he say that those men are happy 
who follow the lusts of their body. p. 111. 


How this present wealth hinders the men who are attracted 
to the true felicities : and how wisdom is one single faculty of 
the soul, and is, nevertheless, better than all the faculties of 
the body; and though any one should collect together all 
these present goods, yet cannot he the sooner be so happy as 
he would, nor has he afterwards that which he before ex- 
pected, p. 115. 

How Wisdom, having taught the Mind the resemblances 
of the true felicities, would then teach \tthe true felicities 
themselves : also of the five object? of desire, namely, wealth, 
and power, and honour, and glory, and pleasure. p. 119. 


How Wisdom, having explained what the highest good was, 
would then explain to him where it was ; and how from the 
great good come the less. p. 13S. 


How Wisdom instructed the Mind, that it should seek 
within itself what it before sought around it, and should dis- 
miss vain anxieties as it best might : and how God directs all 
creatures and all good things with the rudder of his goodness. 

1 p. 155. 

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/ VvL f OOob f »be ]>am yifbome f hit onjeate f him Cob 

peahte t$uph hme -p ^ he pehce. "3 pop hpy fe joba EfOb Usee 

»nij ypel beon. 3 hu feo jepceabpifnef ba&b f OOob ^ hic fa&ce 

/ on hipe fcpibpaene. 3 heo fceolbe beon hif labteap. ;) hu heo 

i /^8Bbe t5»c tn )>in^ p»pen pilla ^ anpealb. jip hpam ^apa aufpef 

^ P^^^ft pa&pe. *]) heopa ne mihte napep bucon oppum nauht 

bon;. p. 170.. 


Be pom opepmoban pican 3 unpihtpipan. 3 hu mon hehp 

pone heafob beah »c paef aepnepejep enbe. anb hu mon 

/{I pceolbe s&lcne mon hatan be fam beope J>e he jehcopc pa&pe;^ 

' p. 186. 


Be Tpoia ^epmne. hu Gulixep r® cyninj h»pbe tpa t^eoba 
unbep pam I^pepe. anb hu hip ^ejnap pupban popfceapene Co 
pilbeopum : » p. 194.. 


Be pyhtp e pioun^e "3 be unpihcne. '^ be pyhcum eableane. 3 

/ff hu [mipthce pica "3 mam jpealbe eappoJ>a] cuma]> Co Jam ^obum 

rpa hi CO fam ypelum pceolban. 3 be pa&pe'([:opeceohunxa liober 

3 be Saepe pypbe : • p. 210. 

XL. , 

Pu sslc pynb beol> xob . jam heo mannum job pmce. fsxn heo 
him ypel tSince I • p. 234. 


2C Pu Qmepup r^ ^oba pceop hepebe pa punnan. 3 be fam 
ppeobome ; • p. 244. 


pu pe pceolban eallon ma&jne ppyjiian a&pcep Irobe. a&lc be 
^S- hip anbxicer yg}>g : » p. 256. 

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How the Mind said to Wisdom, that it perceived that God 
said to it through him that which he said : and askedy why 
the good Orod suffers any evil to be : and how Eeason desired 
the Mind to sit in her chariot, and she would be its guide : 
and how she said that will and power were two things ; and 
that if to any nfan there were a deficiency of either oFthem, 
neither of them could without the other effect anything. 

p. 171. 

Of proud and unjust rulers ; and how man should have the 
crown at the end of the course : and how we should deacribe 

every man by the beast which he was most like 


Of the Trojan war : how Ulysses the king had two countries 
under the Caesar : and how his thanes were transformed into 
wild beasts. p. 195. 


Of right hatred, and of unright, and of just recompense : 
and how various punishments and manifold misfortunes come 
to the good, as they should to the wicked : and concerning 
the predestination of Qod , and concerning destiny, p. 211. 

How every fnr^uTift is good^ whether it seem good to men, 
or whether it seem evil to them. p. 235. 

How Homer the good poet praised the sun : and concern- 
ing freedom. p. 245. 

How we ought with all our power to inquire after God, 
everv one according to the measure of his un derstanding. 

' " p. 257. 

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y Google 


her B 

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^[M ''^'^'' 

/ f ON ^sBpe tibe. fejijotan op 8cit5giu-m »;i|?e pip^Romau a pice 

gepinm >ali6fon; ;3^ift heopa cyninjum. Es&bgota anbl ^ille- 

^ pica pa&p on hacne^ Bomane bupij abpsecon* anb gall I talia 

^tktr / Tuce^ Jl ij betjnix ^fem miintnim ] 8icilia tSam ealonbe^S TahpalS ' 

r| jUjepehconT 1 fe a&pten j&m popefppecenan cyninjum Ddobpic 

penj to ^Ein ilcan jtice. ye Deobplc paef Amulinja. he paer 


Cnirten, |£ali he on (feia Appiauif can ^ebpolan "Suphpunobe. 
Pe jehet Bomanum hjf ppeo]:]6fcipe. fpa f hi moftan heopa 
ealbpihta pyptSe beon. Ac he fa ^ehat ppitJe ypele jelaejtje. 
/^ "3 Ypi^e PP^f^ jeenbobe mib tnanfeyiift mane , f paej- co 
y/ teacan opnuin unapimebum yplum. *p lie lohannef fone papan 

et >o]:rlean/- D&* par nim conpil ^ ^ ye henetohEtthata^. 

/^ Boetnij- paBr]15aten# fc pae r in boccpasit^um t ori^nulb peamim 

^ ' re ni'htpiy-eyraT 'SeJSa onjeat fa mani^pealban ypel fe fe cyninj 

/Jc* , /<flDeobpic pif panaPpiftenanbome ^ pij? l?am Romanircuyn pitnm 

I bybe. hte fa' ^emunbe 'Say^a' fefnejT'a ^ fapa ealbpihta tSe hi 

unbep tSam Eafepum haepbon heopa ealbhlapopbum. Da on^an 

he pmeajan -^ leopni^an on him pelpum hu he f pice "Sam 

unpihtpipan cyninje apeppan mihte.- "j on pyht jeleappulpa anb 

j2^on pihtpippa anpalb jebpinjan. Senbe fa bijeUice s&nenbjeppitu 

to f am liapepe to Conrtantinopohm. l>s&p ir CnecaTheah bup ^ 

^Z 1 heopa fyyneproL pop f am p ^Apppe p»p hgnj^a; ^bhlafopb 

cynne^. \a&bon hme fast he him to heopa Epi ptenbome " | tg. 

heoTxatealbpihtum TerultumebeT Da f onjeat pe pa&lhpeoja 

2^cymn^ ijeobpic. t5a net he hme jebpmjan on capceTinej f» p 

inne belucan. Da ^t ^a jelomp -p pe appypSa paep_ Qn4ya micelpe 

jfyneapaneppe becom. fa paep he ppa micle ppitSop on hip GDobe 



At the time when the Goths #f the coiintry nf Sftythin 
made war against the empire of the Eomans, and with their 
kings, who were called Ehadgast and Alyifi. sacked the Boman 
citjfand reduced to subjection all theldngdom of Italy, which 
is between the mountains and the island of Sicily-,"and then, 
after the before-mentioned kings, Theodoric obtamed posses- 
sion of that same kingdom:, Theodoric was of the race of the 
Amali^ be was a Christian, but he persisted in the Arian 
heresy. He promised tp the Eomans his friendship, so that 
they might enjoy their -ancient rights. But he very ill per- 
formed that promise, and speedily ended with much wicked- 
ness; which was,' that iir addition to other unnunikbered 
erimes, he gave order to slay John the Pope. Thegi^W&s' 
iknm a certain consul, that we call heretoha, who was named 
Boethiufi. He was in book^eaming and in worldly affairs 
the mosfime. ^^ He theo obseired the manifold evil, which 
the king ^eedarkudid afi ptinst ChristianitY * and against the '' 
Boman senators. He then called to mind the favours and 
the.«aiiciMit rights which they had under the CsBsars, their 
aneient^ords. Then began he to inquire, and study in him- 
self, how he might take the kingdom from the unrighteous 
king/and faring it under the power of faithful and righteous 
meiL Se therefore privately sent letters to the Csesar, at 
Cpnstantinople, which is the chief ci^ y Q^ the fflreek a, and 
their king's dwelling-place, because the UaBsar was of the kin 
^f their ancient lords : they prayed him that he would succour . 
them with resp6ct to their ChriatianitY and liieir anoient^ 
lights* When the cruel king Theodorie discovered this, he 
gave order to take him to prison, and therein lock up. When 
it happened that the venerable man was fallen into so great 

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4 BOBTHirS. / CHAP. TL, IH. 

/ jebpepeb. f^^lL-???^. .®P. JT^^^ILJ^ i*^ pojiulb jaelj^um 

Tegunob p»f . ;3 he^t$a nanne rnocneyemnan l>am cancenne ne 

Xemiinbe. ac he jepeoU nipol op June on fa'^jdop. 3 hine 

aptpente JT?i)>e unpoc. anb opmoy hine pelpne onjan pepan 3 

^ f uf j-mjenbe cpaej>. 


/ I jyR liog/be ic imeccag go p^ ronx. ic rceal no* 

^ he o rienbe png an. p mib Fp^l^el unjepabum popbum ^erectan. 

^ peah ic geo hpi luj feecopl^ cunbe . ac ic nu pepenbe -j gjTienbe 

/Ooj. gepabfm popb at laM^ "^^ ablenban fap imjecpeopan^populb 

// f^^- 5 n^e paTpoplecan j^ja blmbne on | )i pmm^6 [libK f)a. 

"Bepeapobon a&lcepe luptba&pneppe fa ^ ic Lim a&tne betrc 

tnupobe. '8^ penbon hi me heopa ba&c to anb me mib ealle 

ppom^epitan. To phon rceolban la mme Tmienb pejjan faec ic 

/^jepsBLj mon ip2i\ie, hu masj pe beon jepselij pe "Se on "Sam je- 

/^paelfum t $unhpuiiian.n e moc I • 

" ■ ■ ■ - \ 


li § I. DS IC fa t$ip leof. cp»t5 Boeciup. jeompienbe ap^nsea. 
/i^ .haepbe. "Sa com ^»p jan m to me heopencunb'f^ipbom. 3 -f 
^mm'mujmenbe ClOob mib hippopbum jejpette. 3 fup cp»)>. pu 

ne eapt fu pe mon fe on mmpe rcole pa&pe apeb^ t xel»neb. 

Kc hponon pupbe pu mib pippum populb popjum fup ppife 
2i jeppenceb. buton ic pat -f fu hasppt tSapa paftpnaTto^hnaf ^ 

pgmjtg^Se ic fe »p pealbe. Da chpobe^ pe pipbom '^ cpaef. 

i'ifljepica}) nu apip^ebe populb popja ojijninep fejenej ClOobe. 

J^ popfam je jmb f a maajtan_j;ceajan. Lsetaf hme ept hpeoppan 

to minnm lapnm. Da eobe pe p^ip'bom neap, cpaef Boetiup. 
^V mmum hpeoppenban jefohte. 3 hit ppa niopul^ hp»t hpeja* 

upapa&jibe . abpijbe fa minep^ GOobep eatan. anb hit ppag 
J/yblifum popbimi.® l^ paBpep hit oncneope h ij fjFoptepmobop / mib 
/ tSam fe "Sa f GOob pif hip bepenbeTTajecneop hit ppif e ppeotele 

hip ajne® mobop. f p»p pe pipbom fe hit lan^e »p tybe '^ l»pbe. 
J^ ac hit onjeat hip lape ppif e totojLOnne 3 ppife tobpocenne^^ mib 

* Boet. lib. i. metrnm 1. — Cannina qui quondam, &c. 

* Boet lib. i. prosa 1. — Hsec dum mecum, &c. 

' Cott. apebeb. ' Cott. cleopobe. • Bod. niopohl. * Cott. hposu. 
» Bod. minenep. • Cott pp»sn li>um popbum. ' Cott jpEjepcgpnaabop, 
* Bod. PI'S bepenbe. • Cott. asene, »• Cott. totopene "j ppi>e 


• -f^^JfUJ^ 


y Google y 

§ I. B0STHIT7S. 

trouble, then was he so much the more disturbed in his mind, 
as his mind had foMperlj been the more accustomed to worldly 
prosperity ; and he then thought of no comf ort in the prison ; 
but he fell down prostrate on the floor, and stretched himself, 
very sorrowful, and distracted began to lament himself, and 
thus singing said : 

i 4- 


The lays- which I, an exile, formerly with delight sung, I 
shall now mourning sing, and with very unfit words compose. 
Though I form .^ ]^e^ife^yented, yet I now, weeping and fJ^M^^ 
' BobbiDg , wflmS e g fipomoppjo pckte words. To blind me, these ^ *"' 
untaitbM^ wfljrialy riches , and to leave me so blinded^tn this 
dim hole ! At that time they bereaved me of all happiness, 
when I ever best trusted in them : at that time they turned 
their back upon me, and altogether departed from me! 
Wherefore should my friends say that I was a prosperous 
man ? How can he be prosperous, who in prosperity cannot 
always remain p 


§ I. When I, said Boethius, had mournfully sung this lay, 
then came there into me heavenly Wisdom, and greeted my 
sorrowful Mind with his words, and thus said : How, art not 
thou the man who was nourished and instructed in my school ?- 
But whence art thou become so greatly afflioled by these 
worldly cares ? unless, I wot, thou hast too soon forgotten 
the weapons which I formerly gave theef Then Wisdom 
called out and said. Depart now ye execrable worldly cares 
firom my disciple's mind, for ye are the greatest enemies..^ 
Let him again turn to my precepts. Then came Wisdom 
near, said Boethius, to my sorrowing thought, and it so 
prostrate somewhat raised, then dried the eyes of my Mind, 
and asked it with pleasant words, whether it knew its foster - 
mother. Thereupon, when the Mind turned towards him, it 
knew very plainly its own mother, that was the Wisdom that 
long before had instructed and taught it. But it perceived 
his doctrine much torn and greatly broken, by the nands of 
foolish persons, and therefore asked him how that happened. 

Digitized by 



/ b^^p& konbum. 3 hiae )>a j^an^ hu f jepupbe. Da anbfpypbe 
fe f^ifbom<luia ^ f»be. ^ hif ;^in2pan hsepbon hine j^a toto- 
penne. f9^ ymji lu teolikobon,^JiLLme eallne habban jceo lbon . 
ac hi ^e^abepai^ monipealb byp^ on )w]ie jxipcpofun;^ •] on 

^ Jjgmtilpe. bacan heopa hpdc qt; to hype^ bote ^ecippe ; • 

§ II .•^Da on^an fe |7ij-bom hpeopfi^ pop f»r CDobef 

tjrbepn ejje. ^ onjan fa jibbian ;) fup cpa& y^^a on hu XP^nb - 

^ leafum rea^e ^ GDob Vnin3:l>. ^ fonne hit ' ^e)t:ypTnft)i ))ijyft 

populbe unjefpaepnef pa. jif hit "Sonne If opjet hif ajen leohfc. 

//; f If ece ^pea. anb ])pin|jt-Qn.jiafapjnban totpQ . 'p ffinb popnlb 

f op2;a. f pa fpa }>if QOob nu bej). nu hit nauht ellef nat butan 

// ^opnun^:* 

y ly^/f^ ^11' Qa pe f^ifbom l>a t reaC^rceabpim er f if leof afun^en 

^^^^^^^^a&fbon. fa on^an lie eft fppecan ;) cpse]?^ to fam GDobe. Ic 

A ^^6 § IV. Tk'opjjam 5f }>u Se offceamian^ pilt Dinep jebpolan. 

J/^^^^oone on^inne ic fe fona bepan ;] fe bpin^e nub me to 

^It^ /f hepfonum.-Da anbfpopobe him ■g' foipote, COob ^ cp»f . Ppset; 

la hp»t f int f If nu fa 50b ^ jfeJl^lflB f^^" ealne p^ jehete 

f;^am monnum f e "Se heo ppimi an polban* if f if nu fe cpibe fe 

fu me jeo fsebeft. f fe pipa Plato cpaebe. f pap. f set nan 

anpealb n»pe piht butan pihtum feapum. I jephft f u nu_tet 

jfpopfpycte . popf am hi t5inum pillan 

pytiCiyiran^ reonbaii^ upehapene fuph 

^/lieopa j^nbaeba '7Vuphhe6pa relFlice. \^ hi liy e^ mse^en heopa 
unpiht j^piH popf bpmjan. hi nnb^miVjipttm ^ mib jeptpeo- 
.num^ Sepypfpobe. popfam ic nu pilXe jeopnliee to Iiobe 
;^ ^cleopian. Oagan fa jibbien. ^ fup fic^ende cpsef • 


J^ €ALA f u f cippenb h^ponep ^ eopfan. |?u\t$e on fam ec a n 

re9e_ picfart. l>u pe on jnpae&um Fa&peipe fon^e heofQif^ ml v : 

' hpeoppert. ^ tJa tun^lu pu jebeft fe jehypfume. *] f^^junngg 

Boet. lib. i. metnim 2. — ^Heu, quam prsecipiti, &c. 

^ Boet. lib. L metrum 5. — stelliferi conditor orbis, &c. 

o prceamifta . *• Cott goob anb fa eblean. • Cott.1 

' Cott. septpobum. 

1 Cott. rp8&sn. « Cott. Tuhtpe. » Bod. bpiDgS. j> 

lb fa eblean. • CottT] 

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§ n. in. IV. wwHHiFs. 7 

Then answered Wisdom to htm a&d said, that his seholars 
had thus torn huu, when they endeaTouredto possess them- 
selves of him entirely. But. they gather much folly by pre- 
Biimpt^. And by arrogance, unless any of them to tReir 
axnendiii^iit return. 

§ II. Then began "Wisdom to grieve for the frailty of the 
Mxnd, and began to sing, and thus said : Alas ! into how un- 
fathomable gulf the Mind rushes when the troubles of this 
world agitate it. If it then £^g^ its oWn hght,' nf hlch' is 
eternal joy, and rush into the^^^^I'darkness, which are the 
eares of this world, as this Mind now does, knows 
nothing else but lamentations. 

§ III. When Wisdom aod Beason had sung this lay, then 
beigan he again to speak, and said to the Mind : I see that 
there is now more need to thee of comfort, than of bewailing. 

§ IV. .Therefore, if thou wilt be ashamed of thine error, 
then wiin soon b^n to bear thee up, and will bring thee 
with me to the heaYens. Then answered the sorrowful Mind 
to him, and said : What ! O, what ! are these now the goods, 
and the reward, which thou always promisedst to the men 
who would obey thee ? Is this now the saying, which thou 
formerly toldest me that the wise Plato said, that was, that 
no power was right without right manners? Seest thou 
now, that the virtuous are hated'an'ii oppressed, because thigy 
would follow tEywHT: and the wicked are exalte d through 
their (srimes and through their seK-love? That they may 
thebetteif (accomplish their wicked purpose they are promoted 
with gifts and with riches. Wherefore I will mow earnestly 
caU upon Gbod. He then began to sing, and thus singing 


O THom Creator of heaven and earth ! thou who reignest 
on the eternal seat ! thou who tumest the heaven in a swift 
course ! thou makest the stars obedient to thee..: and thou 
makest the sun, that she with her bright splendour dispels 
the darkness of the swarthy night. So does also {he moon 
with his pale light, ii&leh obscures the bright stars in the 

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/ eac bfnlnm ]7a funntiii heojieleohtef bepeafa]> ]M>nne he betpox 

y ikY'} hiji® PyP^ ^ eac bpiluni ]?one beojibtan fteoppan pe pe 

hata]> nnnp;z;i»Ti pr:finp pn*]>nTi^ llcan' "pe ^ata]? 0]?yie r >aTnan fl^ffiT^- 

J, p:eopna/ l?tt J^ jyan rffpjntepbaguin .|^eleps> rcopte tiba i l?a&r 

^rumepert bahum lanxpanT^pTT^eVa rpedpa t>ufih pone fteapcan 

pilib uojipaii'j eaftan on ha&pfeft tib heop^leajia bepeajaft. ^ 

ej* on lencten oppu leaf YeUejt, j?uph j pShe pnyltan ru)>an 

d» peftepnan pmb. Dpaat pe ealle jefceajxa ,heoppiiniap "] pa je- 

j-etnejja pmpa beboba healbap. butan men anum f j^ ^g 

y/qopepjj^py. 6ala "5u sehnihti^a rcippenb anb pihceno eaHHa' 

jefoeafta. help nu pinum eapmum moncynne. Ppy pu la 

Dpihfcen a&fpe polbert'^'^ r eo pypb rpafh pvppan rceolbe . heo 

• ppeap pa unj-cilbi^an *] nauht ne ppeap |)ain j-ciioijum. f itfcap 

manpullie m heaJbrefclum. ;) halije unbep heopa pcum ppy- 

/sTcaJ). fticiapKehybbe beophce cpa&ftaf . ^ y & unpjhbp ifan ts&la^^ 

fajLihSpii-aa. nanh t nepepei i^a p monnum mane j^r.'ne *^ 

^eafe loc pe rbeop mib pam ppencum beppijen. foppam penc nii 

/ j julneah eall tmoncvn on tpeon unxa xip po pvnb TPa hpeoppan 

. 1 eprnT^ pu h — ' ' ~ "^ 

mot on yf elpa manng^epiHT^ pu heope nelc ytipan, €ala mm 
Z^Djiihten. pu pe eaQe ^efceapta opennhrt . hapa nu milbelice on 

pa]' eapman eopt^an. anb eac on eall moncyn. pop]7am hit nu 
/^ esJl pmp onjam ^ um iSirve populbe ;« 


§ I. DA f GOob pa piUic pap cpepenbe psef. ^ pif leop pn- 

^Y^Sfej^S^nbe pa&j*. x^ rir^pm pa "J jeo Ijei'ceqhpipier him blipum 

Ao^d^^^ajum on loSibeA "3 lie pop paej* GOobej- jeomepunje^ na&f 

nauht ^^jie^eb, ac cp»p to pam OOobe. Sona ppa ic pe a&pejt; 

/;on "Siffe unpotnepfe jepeah t$uf mujjclfinbe.^ ic onjeat f ^u 

psepe utap apen* op pinep p»bep epele. f ip op minum lapum. 

paep ^ him popeop "Sa pu tSme paeptpsBbneppe poplete. *] pen- 

i^c^ bert '^ reo peonb4pa|- ponulb penbe heope ajenepponcep buton 

:^J IfObep xepeahte. "i hir papunxe. ^ ■] monna jepyphtum. Ic 

pipte f pu utapapen paepe. ac ic nypte hu peop. aep pu pe pelp 

T?/ hit me jepehtejt mib pinum ppfysum, Sc peah pu nuTpiep 

pie^ ponne pu paepe. ne eapt pu peah eallep op pam eapbe 

J^tibpipen. peah pu "Saep on gebpolobe. ne gebpohte t5e eac 

• Boet. lib. i. prosa 5. — Hac ubi continuato dolore, &c. 

* Bod. eahum on locobon. * Cott. Seompunsa. • Cott. mupc 
nienbe, * Cott, ufcabpipen. « Cott. pio pyjib. • Cott. se]>apunsa 
" Bod.pryppeo. 


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% I. 30ETHITJS. 9 

he a re n ; a&d Bometimes bereares the sttn of her ^gbt, wh«ii 
b» ifl- batvixt us and her ; and so motica ofl the brigfht star 
which we call tbe morning star^ the s%ne we call by another 
lyme^ the evenin g star. y* Thou, who to the winter days givest 
short times, and*jto"The summer's dajs, longer ! Thou, who 
the trees, by the stark north-east w'lnd in harvest-time, of 
their leaves bereavest; and again in spring, other leaves 
givest, through the mild south-west wind! "What! do all 
creatures obey thee, and keep the institutions of thy com- 
mandments, except man alone, who is disobedient ? 0,Jthou 
almighty maker and governor of all creatures, help now thy 
miserable mankind. Wherefore, O Lord, everwouldest thou, 
that fortune should so vary ? She afflicts the innocent, and 
afflicts not the guilty. The wicked sit on high seats, and 
trample the holy under their feet. Bright virttfes lie hid, 
and the wicked deride the virtuous. Wicked oaths in no 
wise injure men, nor the false lot which is with fraud con- 
cealed. Therefore jalmost all mankind will now proceed in 
doubt, if forhine may thus vary^ accoriSng to the will of evil 
men, and thou wilt not control her. O, ray Lord, thou who 
overseest all creatures, look now mercifully on this miserable 
earth, and also on all mankind : because it now all struggles 
in the waves of this world, 


§ I. Whilst the Mind was uttering such sorrow, and was ^^ 
singing this lay. Wisdom and Eeason looked on him with 
cheerful eyes ; and he was nothing disturbed on account of 
the Mind's lamentation, but said to the Mind : As soon as I 
first saw thee in this trouble, thus complaining, I perceived 
that thou wast departed from thy father's countrv, that is 
from my precepts. Thou departedst therefrom when thou 
didst abandon thy fixed state of mind, and thoughtest that 
PortunfLgoyerneithis^WQcld according to her own pleasure, 
without God's counsel, and his permission, and men's deserts. 
I knew that thou wast departed, but I knew not how far, 
until thou thvself toldest it to me, by thy lamentations* 
But though thou art now farther than thou wast, thou art 
not nevertheless entirely driven from the country ; though 
thou hast wandered therein. Nor, moreover, could any other 

Digitized by 



/ Ban olTep man on ^m ^polsn butan ]»e yfipmi, ]>uph ]>iiie 
a^ene'nemelefte.^ njs fceolbe ]>e eac naoi man jpelcef to 
^elepanj^ji ' tfu .^emunan polbe^t; hp^lqia ^eb^pfca pa psepe '3 
kpylcpa bupspapa poji pqralbe. o)>pe ejtr 2;afdice lipdcep S^F^- 

^ j-cipef t5u pa^pe on^mumOOobe. "] on ])iiq*e^ ^ef ceabptjTaejje. -^ if 
■^ pu eapt; anf^apa liJitpiren pa i ]}apa mhtiaileD^pa. pa beo^ 

y ^aepe heopeiu^ban lepnj-alm^ bupjpap67 op )i»pe n»ppe nan. 

' buton^'Eej-elf polbe. ne peap]> abpif«i. f if of hif jofcwan piUa. 
psepe ]>8sp be pe&pe. pmle he bsepbe poae mib ium. ]7onne he 

/O'poxie mib kan haepbe. ps^^e }n&p he ps&pe. )Knine pssf^ he 
mib hif apxam cyime. *] mib hif a^um bup^papum on hif 
a^um eapbe ]Hnme he ps&f on ])ape pyhtpipqia ^emanan. 
8pa hpa ]M)nne fpa fsef pypfe bif -f he on heopa "Seopbome 
beon moc. ]>onne bi^ he on Jam hehftan ppeobome. Ne 

//onfcunije ic no fsef neopepan anb p»f unclseoan ftope, pfj£_ 

//ppe j^jiBbne gemeti e, Ne me na^ ne lyfC mib gjaj-e jepopTicpa 
pa^a ne heahfetla^ mib ^olbe "j mib ^immnan ^epenebpa. ne 

/^ boca mib jolbe appitenpa me lyfC. ipa. me lypt on 

^& )>e pihcep piUan. Ne fece ic no h^ pa bee. ac ^ ^ pa bee 

y ;;/ ' ponpcen c^ ^a&t; ic lnn ^_xepit; fpipe p hte. f u f eopobepc ]>a pon- 

pjpb^ a&xV»P S€ on ^pa unpihtpifpa anpealba heancf f e. je 

;,'Jon mmpe unpug^ejje anbTp apef ettpenejje. je on papa majU 

/ ; yulpa |onl?po]il8&tenerre on par ponnlb rpeba . Ac popfon fe Jje 

£JiY fpi|>?^ micel unpocnef f nu jetenje.^^ je op 'Sinum yppe. je 

op "Sinum^^ jnopnunja. ic tSe ne maegnu jet geanbpypban sep 

t$on '6aef Cib^® pypb : • 

^'l. § 11/ Popfan eall f mon imcifehjce onjm]),^* na&p]? hit no 

^ jaeltaBp i ^e^^ enbe. Donnfe ]>agpe ruapan rcima on Su^ftuf 

J monbe hatartTf5h|> . iHiyfe jbyreii^ap re l! H » lwun e pile - jaf tie psBb 

J/ o]?i:»rtan ])ami bninm^ ^nnipum. fpa bef eac f e ^e ^mcjae^SSL 

pebepnin^^letgSSSil rgggP -'^e- iP^bt; }?u pin ppmgan on 

^ mjq ^jintep:^^ ^eah t$e peFljx^ peapmef muftef I • 

§ TIT.^T)k chpobe pe f^ifbom "] cpsef . GOot ic ntTTcunnian 
^S hpon ]yinne^ ^Eagrtns&bnerre . l?agt ic fanon^^ onjiton mteje hpo- 
^S nan^^ ic )nn tilian p cyle ^ hn. Da anbpj^be -f 0^5^ II cp^^f • 

' Boet. lib. i. metrum 6. — Cum Phoebi radiis grave, *&c. 

ff Boet. lib. i. prosa 6. — Primum igitnr paterisne, &c. 

* Cott. Siemeherte. « Bod. pinne. ' Bod. buca. * Bod. p»pe. 
* Cott. no. 8 Bod- ^ephtpa heafaf eda. ^ Bod. j:opJ>eiit. « Cott. 
|>afc If >m. » Cott. poonpyjib. 1° Cott. f pa. " Cott get setenge. 
» Cott. >mpe. »VCott. tub. " Cott uncubbce onsyn«. »^ Bod. 
8eh»ne. " Cottlbpygnm. ^ Cott. bloftnnan. ^ Bod. ppmsan 
on mebbe pintep, ^ Bod. >id. 20 Qq^^ >onaii. '• Cott hponon. 


by Google 

§ II. m. SQSTHins. 11 

man lead thee into error, except tbyself, through thine awn 
neglig^EMse. iN«r oould any one thus believe it of the^ when 
tboii wQioldest call to mind, of what families thou wast, and 
of what to the world: or again, spiritually, of 
what sooietj thou wast in thy mind,^nd in thy reason: tiiat 
iff that thou art one of the just, and of those wno will rightly, 
who are the citizens of the heavenly Jerusalem. Thence no 
one was ever dnven against his own will, that is- from his 
right will. Wheresoever he might be, he had this always 
with him ; when he had this with him, wheresoever he might 
be, he was with his^own kin, and with his cnrn citizens, in 
his own land, when he was in the company of the just. 
Whosoever, then, is worthy of this, that he may be in their 
service, he is in the highest freedom. I shun not this 
inferior, and this unclean place, if I £nd thee well in- 
structed. I ^ not desirous of walls wrought with glass, or 
of thrones ornamented with gold and with jewels ; nor am I 
so desirous of books written with gold, as I am desirous of a 
right will in ihee. I seek not here books, but that which 
books are profitable for, that I may make thy mind perfectly 
ri^rt. Thou complainedest. of evil fortune, both on account 
of the height of unjust power, and on account of my mean- 
ness and difi^onour ; ana also on account of the uncontrolled^ 
license of the wick ed, with respect to these worldly goods. 
JfiDt as very great trouble has now eome upon thee, both from 
thine anger and from thy sorrow, I may not yet answer thee, 
ItdTore t& time for it arrives. 

§ n. Por whatsoever any one begins out of season, has no 
good end. When the sun's brightnesiB in the month of August 
hottest shines ; . then does he tbdishly, who will at that time 
sow any^ seed in tin« dry furrows. So also does he, who will 
seek flowersrin the storms of winter. JN'or canst thou press 
wine a^g^jBJpter. though, tbou be desirous of warm must. 

§ ni. Then spake Wisdom, and said : May I now inquire 
a Httle concerning the fixedness of thy mind, that I may 
thereby discover whence and how I may effect thy cure? 
Then answered the Mind, and s^d : Inquire as thou wilt. 

Digitized by 




/ Emma rpa ^u pille. Da r^KAy^M rtPi-rflf^pipAj-.i |Kftlft|^ jra 
" pddtlfeo yYji mpea^ |)irre po piJbe, otSge auhc lS^^^Ij j^ 
jepeoppan idPje butan fam pypEtSi.' Da anbjr^be f COob 
;3 cp»^. Nf^Kelype^ '^J 9 'P ^'^ jepeopfan mihte j^a enbe- 

/ bypbbce. ac xo f ofann^c^ pat -p ce Irob pihcepe if hif apief 
peopcef. ^ ic no ne peapp of pam fopan geleajian. Da anb- 
pypbe re f^ifbom ejit ;j cp»p. Ymbe f ilce pu jybbobeft nu 
hpene »p anb cp»be. f aelc puht ppom liobe pipce* hif pihc 
timan. "3 hip pihte/jjepetnejje pilebbe butan menn anum. 

iff poppam ic pimbpi| e mpe un^emetlice hpaet pe peo^ oppe hp»t ' 

'^mmie nu pu poneKeleayan haBcrt. Sc pit pculon , peah git 
t beoplicop ymbe ■pbeon." ic nSt tul^xem ie/fmbe hpset Ju jyt* 

/^tpeop^ Xerexe^e.'nu P u t c pift -p pu naht^" ne tpeoge ^ teCob 
pijre populbe p ihtene^^/Tie. Iiu he ponne polbe -p heo paspe. 

If tVa anbpynb % "XobA fipflgp.* ^^eape ic ms&'^ji po pjtaiibB3i_ 
pine'fecrunta. 'j jcpipty peah. "^ ic pe anbpvTiban rcyje . 8e pirbom 

//fo- cpaep. ^.§J^^^[jcj^ip^J^pjae^V^ pinpe jebpe^bnefpe ^e 

tJu mib ymbpanjen eapt. ac pe^e me hpelcej* enben a&lc anxm 

y pilnije. Da anbpJTibe f GOob ■] cpaep. Ic hit ^emunbe jeo. ac 

J^V me haepp peop^jnopnunj paape jemynbe benumen. Da cpael$ 

pe ppbom. J7apt tSu hponan aelc pidit come.^* Da anbpJTibe 

fCDob ■] cpaBp. Ic pat aelc puht ppam Iiobe com. Da cpaep pe 
ipbom. pumaej paet beon. nu pu f angm papt. f ^u eac pone 
enbe nyte. poppam peoEebpepebnep maej f C Oobe onprypian.^* 
^'f' ac ^eohit ne maeS ^^Y2^V^^^T bepeapien. Sc ic polbe y pu me 
paebeptTipaBpep pu piptept^^ hpaet^u pelp paepe. pit pa anbpypbe 
^ cpaep. Ic pat f ic on hbbenbum men ^ on jepceabpipum 
feom ■] peah on beablicum. Da anbyyjibe pe ^ifbom -j cpaep. 
f^apt pu aht^^ oppep bi pe pelpimi to pecjanne butan^'' f pu nu 
JO paebept. Da cpaep f OOob. Nat ic nauht oppep. Da cpaep pe 
^ipbom. Nu ic habbe^® onjiten t5me opmobnepffe. nu "Su pelp 
^/ napt hpaet pu pelp eapt. ac ic pat hu pm mann;etilian^^ pceal . 
con1?am Pu raebep: ^ fn ppecca."' paepe i bepealpob aelcep ^obep. 
poppam pu neptept hpaet pu paepe. pa pu cypbept f pu neptept 
3^ hpelcep enbep aetc angin pilnobe. pa "Su penbept f^^ pteop- 

* CottJscMfcgpnen •« Bod. neleppt. » Bod. pyphtum. * Bod. 

Sehpbe. *^ i;ott/foJ>um. ^ Qq^^ jnyye. ' Cott. py. « Cott 

bion. 9Cott.siet. 10 Cott. noht. " Cott. pihtpipge. "Cott. 

bem. " Catt. ovaae. " Cott. aftymjM. ** Cott. pippe. " Cott. 

SuhtT »' Cott. buton. " Cott. haebbe. ~ »» Cott. tJiau. «• Cott. 
ppeccea, " Cott. p»t te. ^-~ 

y Google 

§ III. BOBTHirS. l3 I 

Then said Eeason : Dost thou believe that Fortune governs 
this world, or that aught of good can be thus made, without 
the Maker ? Then answered the Mind, and said : I do not 
believe that it could be made so full of order ; but I know 
forsooth that God is governor of his own work, and I never 
swerved from this true belief. Then answered Wisdom again, 
and said : About that very thing thou wast singing a little 
while ago, and saidst, that every creature from Grod knew its 
right time, and fulfilled its right institution, except man alone. 
Therefore I wonder beyond measure, what it can be, or what 
thou meanest, now thou hast this belief. We must, however, 
inquire still inore deepl y concerning it. I do not know ver y 
well /about what thou still doubtest. Tell me, since thou 
sayest that thou doubtest not that God is governor of this 
world, how He, then, would that it should be. Then answered 
the Mind, and said : I can scarcely understand thy queation sT 
and yet thou sayest that T must answer th'ffe.' WisdomtEeh 
said : Dost thou think that I am ignorant of the sdvSni^ o f 
thy trouble, that thou art encompassed with ? But tell me, 
to what end does every beginning tend ? Then answered the 
Mind, and said : I remembered it formerly, but this grief has 
deprived me of the recollection. Then said Wisdom : Dost 
thou know whence every creature cam^ ? Then answered tl!P^ 
Mind, and said : I know that every creature came from Godf 
Then said Wisdom : How can it be, that now thou knowest 
the begiiining, thou knowest not also the end ? for grief may 
agitate the min d, but it cannot bereave it of its faculties. 
&xA 1 desire tBat thou wouldest inform me, whether thou 
knowest what thou thyself art. It then answered, and said : 
I know that I am of living men, and rational, and neverthe- 
less of mortal. Then answered Wisdom, and said : Knowest 
thou anything else, to say of thyself, besides what thou hast 
now said ? Thdn said the Mind : I know nothing else. Then 
said Wisdom : I have now learned thy mental disease, since 
thou knowest not what thou thyself art : but I know how I 
m nat cui^e thy disease. For this reason t hou saidst thou wert 
•J^HJIIf and bereaved of all good, because thou knewest not 
wftat niou wert. Thou showedst that thou didst not know to 
what end every beginning tended, when thou thoughtest that 

y Google 


•wy J>a f u pRbeft f f u fenbejt^ • ^lor rb^ne ptxtf> > ar pojiulb penbe 

^ ^bucan IfOber {>e«lige. ^ ac* f paef fpife micel pieok -p "Su jppa 

• penan f ceolbeft. N»f hit; na^ f^ an '^ ]>u. oq' un^metlicuia 

un^ef sel]>um pa&pe. ac eac f ]7U piilfieak mib ealle f ojipapbe. 

Danca nu Iiobe '^ be tSe jepak^una&e ]78&t ic ]?in ^epit; nub 

ealle ne pojdec« ]^ehabb^^ im j^eot ]>oiie masftaas "^1 ,}ita^fs^ 

/Otynbjidjo. f in|ie E»le.^ nu J)u jelec^ -p peo pyyib tkipk hae^ 

// j-elpie butan liobef g e)>eahtej })ar popiaib penban i» mse^e. nu 

J>u ne_^eaji£t ]?e naiinc on6fi«^ aii« Fopjfflun fe oj: fam lyt^an 

/^ fpeapcan ^ tSu mib Jaajie tynbpan ^epenje bpef leoht f e on- 

liehceJ Sc bifc nij* jit j-e tima -f ic ]>e bealicoj* ma&^e onbpyji- 

/•^ ban. Fop^am bit ir aelcer mobef piye f^ fo na rpa hit ppjila^ 

/ b r.Qjepibaf. j;^ folga)? hit leajjpellunga. op J^aem fonne oppn^ 

na^ peaxan V& miftar fe^ COob ^ebpep af . "j mib eailetf^ibM 

yp pilmag )?a fo]?aii teneh}?e fpelee mifcaf fpelce nu on Oinuna 

C&obe'^ inba n. Sc ic hie ^ceal a&pep:'ra;el?imiian. ^ 'p le p'SSan 'pf 

£P ^ masy l?8et pfe leoht on ]?e gebpm:gtn : 


LOEA nu be J)3epe funnan. "3 eac be otSpum tunjluBa. 
nne ijeaptan polcnu him bCTopan jaf . ne ma^n hi fonne 
/3heopa leoht" j-ellan. fpa eac pTili^eTma pi^b bpilmn midum 
rtopme jebpepejrfa pse ^e a&p psef pnyit e pebepe ^«j-hlntpru 
>2/on to j-eonne. ])onne heo J>onne ppa jemenjeb pyptJ mib iSkn 
£- yfum. f onne pypf heo ppife hpa^ m^labu . feah hep »p jlabn 
^rpa&pe on to locienne. Ppa&t eaq rgfbpoc. l>eah' he ppife opTiif 
/^;piht pyne. j^onne )?aBp micel rtan p eaipienbe op J?am heahan 
munte on innan'j^gealfc. *] hme tbbaate. ^ him hip piht pjn'ep 
J^ pipr^eht. ppa bot5 im l?g^eortno T?inne xebnerebnerr e pitrtsmbatt 
mmumleohtum lapum. Sc jip Jjupibiije on pibtunffeeleaTian -p 
foye leoht oncnapan. a^ypL-j^am Jie ]?a ^^elan pc&l]>k "] '5a un- 
?'. nettan. -j ecu; ]?a unnettan unjef»lfa. 5 |>one JT^an ege T)i]Te 
^opulbe. f. ip ])aBt tJu "Se ne't anhebbe onrhopepmetto on ]7infie 
^.^epunbpulnejT^ *] on f mpe oppopaierre. ne ett ^e neteeontnvpe 

^ Boet. lib. i. metrum 7. — ^Nubibus atris, &c. 

1 Cott. hpelcepe. * Cott. penbe. ' Cott. ^e|>eahtee. * Cott. eac. 
» Cott. no. 6 Cott. h»lo. 7 Cott onlyhte. s^ottTt te. » Bod. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

f- 7 


oxttrageoms and reckless men were happj^nd powerful in this 
world : and moreoyer thou showedst that thon didst not know 
with what government God rules this world, or how He would 
that it ^fe^gld he, when thou saidst that thou thoughtest that 
this Mioon^Sa t Eor^une changes: this world without God's 
counsel. But it was a very great peril that thou shouldest 
so think. Not oulj wast thou in immoderate trouble, but 
thou hadst well-nigh altogether perished. Thank God, there- 
fore, that he has assisted thee, so that I hare not entirely for- 
saken thy mind. We have already the chief part of the fuel 
for thy cure, now thou believest that Fortune cannot of her- 
self, without God's counsel, change this world. Now thou 
hast no need to fear anything, for from the little spark which 
thou haat caught with this fuel, the light of life will shine upon 
thee. But it is not yet time that I should animate thee more 
highly: for it is the custom of every mind, that as soon as it 
forsakes true sayings, it follows false opinions. Prom hence, 
then, begin to grow the mists which trouble the mind, and 
withal confound the true sight, such mists as are now on thy 
mind. ±5ui i must dispel them first, that I may afterwards 
the more easily bring upon thee the true light. 


Loon now at the sun, and also at the other heavenly 
bodies; when the swarthy clouds come before them, they 
cannot give their light. So also, the south wind sometimes 
with a great storm troubles the sea, which before, in serene 
weather, was transparent as glass to behold. When it then is 
80 mingled with the billows it is very quickly unpleasant, 
though it before was pleasant to look upon. So also is the 
brook, though it be strong in its right course, when a great 
Bt<xDe rol&g down &om the hig^ mountain falls into it, and 
divides it, and hinders it from| its right course. In like 
manner does the darkness of thy trouble now withsijand my 
CfliHg^eiied precepts. But if thou art desirous with right> 
faith to know the true light; pot'away from thee evil and' 
vain joys, and also the vain sorrows, and the evil fear of this 
worlds that is, that thou lift iK»t up thyself with arroganee^ 

Digitized by 



/nanef jobep on nanpe pi}>eppeapbnerre. jroptSam Jjaet COob 
y fiemle. big ^ebunben mib jebpepebneffe. J?»p j?irra t pega.yyela 
^ au}>ejx jucfa^ I • 


§ I. DS jefpijobe pe f^ifboin tane lycle hpile. ojjfa&c he 

/onjeat pa&r OOobef m^6]?ancaf. fa he hi fa onjiten h%fbe. ?Sa 

cpaetJ he. Ijif ic fine iinpocnejje on piht on^iten ha&bbe. 

fonne nij- f e nauhc^ rP^fop f onne f f a&t fujfoplopen haepfC. fa 

>populb«raeltSa fe fu a&p haapbejc. ■] jeompaft nu p opl?ain ]?e heo 

T onhpyppeb ii\ Ic onjice jenoh fpeotule f "Sa popmb j a&lfa mib 

/^ rpife mani^pe j;petnej:j:e fpife lycehce oleccaf f »m ClJobum fe 

hi on lajr pillaf rpifoft bej-pican. "] f onne aec nihpan. f onne 

/& hy laef c paenaf .^ hi on op epmobnejje^ popls&taf on f am ma&r^an. 

rape, Ijif t5u nu pitan pilt hponan hy cumaf . j>onne mihc^ f u 

/:on5ican* f hi cumatJ op popnlb ^icpunja. Eip fu fonne heojia 

//f eapap pican pile, fonne miht fu oiijycan f hie ne beof nanum 

;o men jecpeope.^ be fsem fu mihc^ onjitan f J^ f»p nage 

mynhfe on naepbept. ^a fa f u hie haepbepc. ne epc j ^SSSf^e 

JTFonlune^ fa fa f u hieTpoplupe . Ic penbe f ic fe 510 jelaejieb 

hagpbe f fu hi oncnapan cu]?ert. ^ "3 ic pipte^ f f u hi onpcune- 

^^bept. fa fa fu hie ha&pSepc. feah fu heopa bpuce. Ic pipte^^ ^ 

f u mine cpibap pi^S heopa piUan opt pa&bept. ac ic pac f nan 

jepuna ne maej nanum man^^ beon onpenbeb. f f a&t OOob ne 

pie be pumum baele onpcypeb. popf am f u eapc eac nu op f mpe 

pCihieppe ahpoppen '. • . 

ZS^ § n.'' ^ala 60ob. hpaet "bepeapp f e on fap^^ cape y on f ar 

3;nonnuny ja. hpa&c hpeju linjepunelicep^^ f f e on becumen ip 

ppelce ofpum monnum sep y ilce ne ejlebe. Ijip fu fonne 

penpt "^ hit. on fe^gelong pe f fa populb pe&lf a on f e ppa 

onpenba pine, fonne eapt f u on jebpolan. ac heopa f eapap pine 

J ppelce. hie beheolbon on f e heopa** ajen jecynb. ^ on heopa*^ 

J/ jpanblunja hie gecyf bon heopa p»pcp»bneppe.*^ ppilce.^^ h^is 

* Boet. lib. iL prosa 1. — Posthtec panlisper obticuit, &c. 

k Boet. lib. ii. prosa 1. — Quid est igitur, homo, &c 

» Cott. noht. * Cott. pena^. » Cott. opmobneppe. * Cott meaht. 

5 Cott. onsetan. « Bod. ne tpeope. ' Cott. meaht. « Cott. cnfe. 

» Cott. anb ic pippe. w Cott. pippe. " Cott. men. « Bod. i>a. 

" Cott. penpt f u 1* hithpaet mpep pie. o^t hpaet hpos^ unxeinrhcer. 

" Cott. hiopa. »* Cott. hiopa. » Cott imps&ptpwbneppe. "Cotfc 

rpylce. i« Cott. hi. 

Digitteed by 


§ I. n. B0ETHIT7S. 

in tby health, and in thy proaperity ; nor again, despair ife ' — 
any good in any adversity. For the Mind is ever bound with 
miseiy, if either of these two evils reigns. 


§ I. Thew was Wisdom silent a little while, till he per- 
ceived the Mind's thoughts. "When he had perceived them, ' 
then said he: If I have rightly understood thy trouble, 
nothing affects thee more than this, that thou hast lost the 
worldly prosperity which thou formerly hadst, and now 
lamentest because itiiJ^angfid. I perceive clearly enough 
that worldly goods with many an allurement very deceitfully 
flatter the minds which they intend at last utterly to betray : 
and then at length, when they least expect it, scornfully leave 
them in the deepest sorrow. If thou ngw desirest to know 
whence they come, then mayest.thou learn -that they come 
from worldly covetousness. , If thou then wilt know their 
manners, thou mayest learn that they are not faithful to any 
man. Hence thou mayest understand that thou hadst no 
pleasure when thou hadst them; nor again, didst lose any 
when thou didst lose them. I thought that I had formerly 
instructed thee, so that thou mightest know them ; and I 
knew that thou despisedst them when thou hadst them, 
though thou didst use them. I knew that thou, against 
their will, didst often repeat my sayings. But I know that 
no custom can be changed in any man without the mind 
being in som^ measure disquieted. Therefore thou art also 
now moved from thy tranquillity. 

§ II. O Mind, what has cast thee into this care, and into 
these lamentations ? Is it something unusual that has hap- 
pened to thee, so that the same before'ailed not other men ? 
If thou then thinkest that it is on thy account tha t worldly 
goods are so changed towards tkee, then art thou in error : 
for their manners are such. They kept towards thee their 
own nature, and in their changeableness they show their con- 
stant state. They were exactly, when t)iey most allured thee, 
such as they are now, though they flattered thee with false 
I happiness. Thou hast now understood the unstable promises 

Digitized by 



44p»pon pihte |», ti ^e inxjt jeoleccan fpilce ki bu fmbon. 

feah )>e hjr )>6 oleccan^ on pa, leaf an ]*8&l)>a. Nu ^u haenrt onxvrcn 
^ fajonclan cpupa^ f»f blmban luftef. 8a tjiiopa 8e iJe nu 

pnbon opene. hf pifeon 'jiT^Tmb manegum ofpum behelebe. 
.^ Nu fu pajic hpelce feapaj* fa populb f aelfa habbaf ^ hu hi 
\ hpeappiaf. Erij fu J?onne heopa pe^en beon pile, "] \>e heon^ t 
y « feapaf liciaf . CoTipon mypnft fu j^a ppife. h m ne hp eappoj jt gu ^ 
'^ «[clnib Inm. gip Ju fonne heopa untpeopa onrcunge . opeTi- 

hoja* hi fonne^ a&pip hi ppam pe. pop}?am* hifaanaf |>e to 
/O |>miiej ]gpeapepA ; • Da ilcan J)e t$e jebjbon nu fap gn opnim sa* 

popfam fe ]m hi hsepbeft. fa ilcan fe pe&pon on fSEepre. ^ip 

Jm hi na ne unbeppenje*; • Da ilcan fe habbaf nu heopa 
/^ a^tgjagcep popletan. nalep Jwnep. fa f e nseppe nanne mon 

buton f opy ne pplsetaf . Djucaf f e nu ppife bype* '^ ppife 
iS leppe fa f mg tla fe nauf ep ne pnc ne jetpepe co habbenne. 

ne eac e^ to poplsetanne. ac f onne heo hpain)pponu ApeoTi» 

rcnbe beo^. he hi pceal mib f am m»ptan pape hip fflSSq- 

poplsetan :• Nu tSu hie fonne »ptep fmum piUan fe ^etpepe 

y habban ne miht.* ^ hy fe piUaf on mupn unxa''^ jebpin^an. 

SO fonne hie fe ppam hpeoppaf . to hp&em cumaf hi fonne ellep. 

^-Z butan to tacnimxe ropxer T anpealber raper ! ■ Ne pinbon fa 

populb pttlt$a ana ymb to f encenne f e mon fonne ha&pf . ac 

adc !^eiBip ODob behealt hpelcne enbe hi habbaf . ^ hit ^ e- 

t papj^nab wjfep %e pif heopa fpeaunja^e pif olecun^a. Ac^p 

^^fupiltDeon heopa tSejn. fonne pcealt fu jeopne ^efolian je 
hpaet faep fe to heopa fenunpim. "3 to heopa fe^nim. '^ to 
heopa pillan behmpf . Eip fu fonne pilnapt f heo pop ^muni 
fin^jum ofpe feaipap nimen. ofpe^ heopa piQa "3 heopa ^epuna 
ip. hu ne unpe opfapt fu fonne f e pelpne. f set fu pinf8^® pif f am 

^ hlapopbpcipefe fu pelp jecupe ^ ppa f eah ne meaht^^ hiopa pibu 
1 heopa ^ecynb onpenbaiL Ppaet f u patpt jip t$u f mep pcipep 
pejironjean tJone pmb tobpwbpt. -f fu fonne l»tpt eal eopep 
psepelb to faep pmbepbome. ppa jip fu*^ f e pelpne to anpealbe 
fam pcmulb ps&lfum ^^epealbejt;. hit ip pih t fge t fu eac heopa 

J^^feapumpil^an^e. penjr fu ^ t$u j^HgM||flkto^[£e^. fonne 

^/hit on pyne pjpf . ms&je onctppan : » r?e^Byfu f on ma 

3y fapa populb p»l]» hpeappunja onpenban ; 


1 Cott. ho](pen. ' Cott panclan tpeopa. « Cott ojrephise. 

* Wanting' fti Bod MS. * Cott. biope. ' « Cott. meahfc. ' Cott, 

raupcnns a.' • Cott. «esn t hiopa hiepa. » Cott o>ep. " Bod. 

pilt. " ne meaht is wanting in l^d. MS. " Cott n^a eac Sif >u. 

y Google 

§ II. BoxTScnrs. 19 

of this blind pleasure. These promises which are now ex- 
posed to thee, are yet to many others concealed. Thou now 
knowest what manners worldly goods have, and how they 
change. If lion, then, art desirous to be their servant, and 
their manners are pleasing to thee, wherefore mournest thou 
BO much? Wh^cjiangrfiat thni ^ i^ot alao wifcl^ thg m ? But 1 
if thou wouldstavoid their deceits, then despise them, and 
drive them from thee, for they seduce thee to thy ruin. The ^ 
same things which have now occasioned to thee these lamenta- ' 
tions, because thou hadst them, would have suffered thee to 
be in tranquillity if thou never hadst obtained them. The 
same things have now forsaken thee, of their own will, not of 
thine, which never forsake any man without occasioning 
sorrow. Do these things now seem to thee very dear and very 
precious, which «re neither constant to possess, nor yet easy 
to relinquish : but when they are departing from any one, he 
shall with the greatest sorrow of his mind relinquish them ? 
Since, then, thou caasst not, according to thy wish, have them 
fiuthful to thee, and they will bring thee into mourning when 
t hey d e part from th a^ ; for what else then do they come, but 
lor a tlokenof care and unmixed sorrow ? The worldly goods 
are not alone to be thought about which we at the time pos- 
sess, but every prudent mind observes what end. they have ; 
and forewarns itself both against their threats, and against 
their allurements. But if thou choosest to be their servant, 
then oughtest thou willingly to bear whatever belongs to 
their service, and to their manners, and to their will. If 
thou, then, art desirous that they should, on thy account, 
assume other mannas than their will and custom is ; dost 
thou not then dishonour thyself, inasmuch as thou rebellest 
ag^nst the government which thou thyself hast chosen ? and 
nevertheless thou canst not change their custom or their 
nature. Besides, thou knowest that if thou spreadest the 
sail of thy ship to the wind, thou then leavest all thy course 
to the power of the wind. So, if thou hast given up thyself 
to the powei>>l^worldly goods, it is right that thou shouldest 
also follow theu^anners. Thinkest thou, that thou canst 
turn back the revolving wheel when it moves in its course ? 
No more canst thou alter the inconstancy of worWly pros- 


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/ § III.* Ic polbe nuget^ jnt mape^ fpp»can ymbe Jwi populb 
fielt$a. to hpam wtpite fu me «p -f ^u hi poplupe pop minum 
f^inxum : » Ppi mupcnajt:* fu pit5 mm. fpilce pu pop mmum 
tSm^mn peo* ^mef ajnef benumen^ s^Sl'^P S® fii^pa pelona. je 

^ pmef peopl?rciper . ajfep^apa pe"com aep ppom me. )>a hi ])e 
on la&nbe p«pon ; • U te nu tellan bepopan ppilcum beman 
ppilce f u pille. "3 jip ])Uffe];e]2aa miht f «nij beaplic man ppelcep 
hps&t apiep ahte. ic hicfeept eal ajipe f y\x ^epeccan miht; f 

f }>mep a^ep psape ', • Dypme* ^ imnelaenebne . ic )>e unbeppenj 
JOy&'pM sepept to monnum become. ^ )>a ^ getybbe. "^ jel»pbe. 
^ ])e fa pyctpo on jebpohce fe fu )ia populb ape mib bejeace. 

/^ l>e l?u nu pop:i^ienbe anpoplete . }>u miht ))»p habban fane -p* J>u 
mmpa ^ipa pel bpuce. Ne miht fu no ^epeccan. "p l?u fmep 
auht poplupe. PpsBt peopapt fu pif me : • pabbe ic }>e wipep be- 

/i5'numen finpa jipena papa pe ]>e ppom me comdri : . Aiic pop 
pela. anb pop peopppcipe pnbon mine ajne peopap. "] ppa hpsep 

; y ppa le-beo he beop mib me. pite pu pop pog. jip f pine a^ne* 

/ pelan pa&pon pe puT mlenbept y pu poplupe. ne mihtept pu hi^ 
popleoj*an. €ala hu ypele me bop manexe't ponulb menn mib 
^0 ^am f ic ne mot pealban mmpa ajenpa peopa.^ Se-heope n mpt, 

7 / bpenton leohte. ^B^p. "^ ept -^ leoht mib penptpnin hfitifiii ^^ T 
f xean m^bpenxanbl6hn^^ ^T py ilcan ^eape ept jeniman.^' 

: j reo ra&,.g ot bmicaa rmyltnaTvJba, j eplle ^epceaf ta jnotan 
heopa js^epman anb heopa pillan bepitgan butan me anum. Ic 
^ Jf ana eom benumen mmpa peapa j eom jetojen to ppembum 
/(^ peapiim. t5uph t5a imgep ylban gitpunge^U pojitdb^tnonna. ^uph 
pa jitpunja hi me habbap benSKeDTminep naman pe ic mib 
pihte habban pceolbe. pone naman ic pceolbe mib pihte habban. 
f ic psepe pela "3 peopppcipe. ac hie hme habbap on jne ^enu- 
JP men. ^ hie" mehabbatJ xepealbne^* fepop^ plencum ipgtehhob 

to heopa leapum pelum. -p ic ne mot nno mmum iSeapum 

mmpa tSenun^a pul^anjan. ppa ealla otSpa ^epceapta moton > 

Da mine peopap pmbon |7ipbomap. "3 Epaeptap. j pot$e pelan. 

3 m mib pam piopum paep on rjinbel mm ple^a. mib pam peopum ic 

^.f eom ealne pone heopoif|ymbhpeoppenbe . j pa nipemeptan ic 

* Boet lib. ii prosa 2. — VeUem autem panca, &c. 

* Cott ma. ' Bod. mupcaf . ■ Cott. pe. * Cott bypigne •} 
unl»pebne. » Bod. ]>a. « Bod. agnan. 7 Cott. hi na. * Cott. 
]>eapa. • Cott. behehgan. w Cott. bloptman. " Bod. seape ^em^ 
man. " Cott. imsepylleban gitptrnga. " Cott. hme. " Bod, 

Digitized by 


§ m. BOETHIITS. 21 

§ III. I am still desiroas that we should discourse further 
concerning worldly goods. Why didst thou, just now, up- 
braid me that thou hadst lost them on my account P Why 
dost thou complain against me, as if thou, for my advantage, 
wert deprived of thine own ; either of thy riches or thy dig- 
nity ? both of which formerly came to thee from me, when 
they were lent thee. Let us now spetfrk before such judge as 
thou wilt; and if thou art able to prove that any mortal 
man possessed anything of this kind as his own, I will give 
thee again all that thou canst say was thine own. I received 
thee ignorant and uninstructed, when thou first earnest to 
man's estate, and then taught and instructed thee, and im- 
parted to thee wisdom, whereby thou obtainedst the worldly 
possessions which thou now sorrowing hast lost. Thou mayest 
therefore be thankful that thou hast well enjoyed my gifts. 
Nor canst thou say that thou hast lost aught of thine own. 
Why complainest thou against me ? Have I in anywise de- 
prived thee of those thy gifts which came to thee from me ? • 
All true wealth and true dignity, are mine own servants, and 
wheresoever I am, they are with me. Know thou for truth, 
if the riches which thou art lamenting that thou hast lost 
them, had been thine own, thou couldest not have lost them. 
0, how unjustly do many worldly men act towards me, in 
that I may not govern mine own servants ! The heaven may 
bring light days, and again obscure the light with darkness: 
the vear may bring blossoms, and the same year again take 
them away. The sea may enjoy calm waves ; and all creatures 
may keep their custom and their will, except me alone. I 
alone am deprived of my manners, and am allured to manners 
foreign to me, through the insatiable covetousness of worldly 
men. Through covetousness have they deprived me of my 
name, which I should rightly have. This name I should 
rightly have, that I am wealth and dignity : but they have 
taken it from me, and in their pride they have given and 
drawn me to their false riches ; so that I may not, with my 
servants, exercise my employments as all other creatures may. 
My servants are wisdom, and virtues, and true riches. With 
these servants was always my pastime ; with these servants I 
am encompassing all the heaven, and the lowest I bring to the 
highest, and the highest to the lowest ; that is, I bring humility 

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/ ^ebpen^e »t pern hehftan. ^ ^a hel^tBXi sat; pam. m]>emeftan. 

])»c If "j)^ ic jebpenje ea]nnobneff e on heoponum. ^ fa heopon- 

lican ^ob »t; ]7am eajnnebum. 2Sc ])onne ic up^ej^^ie mib minum 

])eopum. }>oniie pofifeo pe faj* jrypmeziban pojnilb, fpa ye eapn 

/ ]>oime he ^ p^^m fe. bupan fa polcnu ]2J3Jme]Qbi3m_jfib^jaup -f 

himjjp^ propnaf fe^piai^ ^^ mahan : • ^ 8pa ic polbe. la GOob. -^ 

fu pe fope up ccl uf. jif tSe Ivrte. on fa xenab ^ fa epc mib uf 

fa eopf an fecan piUe ^p xobna manna feapye : • pu ne pajr 

f u mine f eaptq*. hu ^eopne ic ] jmlj ^ pa&r ymbe ^obpa manna 

IC j?eappe : • f^aft f u hu ic jepamb^mEe Epeofof feappe Epeca 

cyninjef. fa fa hme Eipuf Paappa cymnj ^epan^en hsBpbe 3 

hine popb»pnan polbe. fa hme man on f ryp peapp fa al^be 

f^ ic hine mib heoponhcon nene. Ac l?u t)efp opfcp ^]^effc pop 

l>mpe pihtp ipiejre 3 pop f mum joban piliui penbept face fe 

/«f nan piihc unpihcEcep on becuman ne mihce. ppdLce tlu polbept 

t$a lean eaUpa f mpa ^obena peopca on f ippe populbe habban ! • 

Pa mihtept fu pittan on mibbum ^emaenimi pice, f f u ne 

pceolbep c f ilce jef olian f otSpe men : • pu miht^ t$u been 

on mibpe/f ippe hpeappun^a. f fu eac mib egpefofe^ pum eo^d. 

^0 ne jepelbept ; • Ppa»t pmjatS fa leof pyphtan ofpef^ be f ippe 

populb. bucon nnplica* hpeppun^a f ippe populbe : • ppaec ip fc 

fonne. f fu faep mib ne ne hpeappije :• Ppset pecpt fu hu 

je hpeappan.^ nu icj piemla mib ^ beo : • De pap f eop hpeap- 

^n^ hecepe. popf am^ ^ippa pc^ulb ps&ltJa tojd ne IJyce. anb 

SS'p^'c f u fe eac becpe m jelepbe : • ^ 

§ IV.™ Deah 'Sa&m'T peobxitTepe cume ppa pela pelena. ppa 
iTia ponbcopna beof De f ipum pacliFum. o^^ f apa pteoppena 

no fa peopunja. 

. .. ~ '- - .J- - fy^® «apa pelexpa^ 

cl^^onna pillan je nub~jolbe. ^ mib peolppe. je mib ealmin 

"j beonim^inerruin. ppa'8eah ne bif pe-^ tSuppt gepylleb heopa pt:^ 

; * punxa. ac peol^punbleape ppelxenb ha&pf ppipe mane;;^!! pepte 

v''.V ho\^ on to ^abpianne.^ \^pA &id&^ f am pebenban jytpepe ^noh 

popjipan. ppa him mon maipe pelf, ppa June ma 1^ I • 
«^«^ § V.** pu pile fu nu ani^ryjiban fa&m populb pselfum jip ha 
3^ fip^on^ to tSe. ppasttpitpt. fu up. la GOob. hpi ippapt fu pif up* 

"* Boet. lib. ii. metrum 2. — Si- quantas rapidis, &c. 

^ Boet. lib. ii. prosa 3. — gis igitnr, &c 

* Bod. "^ ]>»fc. 2 Cott JbfiiMX gn ne m»SQg. • Cott. nehpea|ipobe. 
* Bod. bntan nipdice. *• Cott. hpeappsen. ® Bod. hpeapjruns pwll'a 
to pel gelypte "J jJ >u eac becepa ne gelepbept. ^ Bod. he ne beo'5. 

8 Bod manega pepcehola to gabpienne* • Cott. cpe'Sa^. 

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§ IV. V. BOMHIUB* 23 

to the heayens, and hearenly blessings to the humble. But 
when I ascend with my servants, then look we down on this 
stormy world, like the eagle, when he s^s above the clouds 
in stormy weather, that the storms »ajr not hurt him. In 
like manner, I am desiroas, O Mind, that thou shouldest 
ascend to us, if thou art vrilling : on the condition th^Jb thou 
wilt again with us seek the earth for the advantaiare of good 
^men. Dost thou not know my manners ?. how careful I 
always wacs concerning the wants of good men ? Knowest 
thou how mindful I was of the necessity of Croesus, the 
Grecian king, when Cyrus, king of Persk, bad seized him, 
and would burn him ? When they cast him into the fire,! 
delivered him with heavenly rain. But thou, on account of 
thy virtue, wast over-confident ; and thoughtest that because 
of thy good intention nothing unjust could befal thee : as if 
thou wouldest have the reward of all thy good works in this 
world ! How couldest thou dwell in the midst of the common 
country, vrithout suffering the same as other men ? How 
couldest thou be in the. midst of this changeable state, with- 
out also feeling some evil through adversity ? What else do 
the poets sing coiicerning this world, but the various changes 
of this world ? 'What is there 'peculiar to thee, that thou 
shouldest not change therewith ? Why carest thou how it 
may change, when I am always with thee ? This change 
was to thee more tolerable, because thou didst not too much 
desire these worldly goods, and because thou didst not, more- 
over, place greater confidence in them, 

§ IV . Though to the covetous man come as many riches 
as there are grains of sand by the sea-cliSs, or stars which in 
dark nights shine ; he nevertheless will not cease from com- 
plaints, so as not to lament hi ^ poverty. Though God. fulfil 
the wishes 6f wealthy men wiih gold, and with silver, and 
with all precious things, nevertheless the thirst of their 
avarice will not be satisfied, but the unfathomable gulf will 
have very many waste holes to gather into. Who can give 
enough to the insane miser ? The more any one gives to him, 
the more he covets. 

§ V. How wilt thou now answer worldly goods, if they say 
to thee : Why blamest thou us, Mind? why art thou angry 

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24 . BOXTHnTB. CHAP. Tin. 

/ on hpam abul^on pe t$e I • Ppset iSe onjan lyftan upe. naf uj^ 
Jnn. |?u ret|t;^ uro nJ>»txgtlj)iner fceogpenbef. Jwi }>u pilnobep; 
CO uj- fa&f jobej* J>e Jtu to him f ceolbeit:. f u qnjr* f pe habban 
]>e befpicenne. ac pe ma^an q?e]7an ma f ]>u habbe uf befpicen. 

J'mi Uf ]>uph ])me lup: ^ pupb ))me ^itpmja onfcunian fceal 

ealpa jefceapca fcippenb : • Nu J>u eapt fcj^lbigpa ]K)nne pe. 

-^ »2]>ep je pop ]>mmn apium mipiht lu ftum. ^e eac poppam pe 

pe ne moton p op p ^^uJlxa n j^eppcippenber pJlan . poppam he 

he upe pe onl»nbe »ptep hip bebobum to bpucanne. nallap^ 

/ ^pmpe u npiht j^itTunxa xey^ to naJppemmap ne : • Anbpypbe 
unc nuTcp^Dpe ^ipbom. ppa ppa J>u pille.^it^'gSaibibijap pmpe 

/t onbppope : « 


DS cp»t$ f GOob. ic me onjite sB^bponan pcylbijne. ac ic 
eom mib paep lapep pape ppa ppipe opT?p^ccej;) f ic mc^ ^eanb- 
//pypban ne ma&j. Da cpsBp re pipbom ept. Pag t ip nu git^ inpie, 
unnihtinrnerpe f pu eantfpiJlneab fpoppobt7^£4 C nolbe -^ Vti 
}> ^ o ppQhte)ri:. acic polbey ge rceanroSe^rpelcer jebpolan. pop, 
/^' ptka. pe re pe hmettonl?encfc re bil> opmob. Sc pe pe pe bine 
peeamap. pe bip on npeoppimxa. I xip pu nu xgigunap pilt eallpa 

J^fffBjiA appypfneppajje J>u pop J>ippe populbe ^pbept pt5t5an pu 
»nept jebopen ymte otJ pipne baej. gp g6 niitag ^i ^ pilt ealle 
"gaTbliprieppa Pi}? ptoi unp^tneppum. ne mebt p S ffEfeape cp^an 

.. .' f pu ea pmpe j unj^epaeliS. i:oTi)>am Tc peTgiungie^ unbeppeng 
untybne -^ ungelsapebne. j me to beapne ^enom. "3 to m inum 

^^t^tuga.gfiCybe. Ppa msBj ponne aubt oppep cpepan butan ^n 

psepe pe jepaebjepta. t5a pu me psape aep leop ponne cup. "^ aeji 

' ]>on pe f u cupept® mmne tybt ^ mme peapap. ^ iCJSfcKgonjne 

/^ telaspby rpelce p n ytno pp^e manexum oppumjl elmMi 't^^- 
pittmn opto^en ip . ^ ic Vefepypppebe mib inmum lapum td 

30 pon f pe mon to bomepe* jeceap. Eip "8u nu poppam cpipt "f 
pu jepa&bj ne pie ^ pu nu nsBppt pa hpilenbbcan appyppneppa 3 
pa bbpneppa pe pu s&p baepbept. }K)ime ne eapt^® pu peab unje- 
pa&bj. poppam pe pa unpotneppa. pe pu nu on eapt. ppa ilce*^ 
opepjap. ppa pu cpipt f pa bhppa aep bybon. t ^enrt pu nu f l>e 

J^ anum pjrilic hpeappung. pilic^^ unpotnej^n becumen. i nanum 

^ Boet. lib. ii prosa 8. — Turn ego, speciosa quidem, &c 

' Cott. nalep. * Cott petfcep. ■ Bod. pilt. * Cott. naler- 

* Bod. me. • CotfflBallaBt. ' Cott Seonene. « Cott. cupe. 

•- Bod. me, » CottTnSipei "Bod. »lce. » Cott )>e]lecu hpeappans 


Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



mth us ? in what have we offended thee ? Indeed thou wast 
desirous of us, not we of thee ! Thou didst set us on the seat r- 
of thy Maker, when thou didst look to us for that good which ' 
thou shouldest have sought from him. Thou say est that wef 
have betrayed thee ; but we may rather say that thou hast 
betrayed us, since through thy desire, and through thy 
covetousness, the Maker of all creatures will abhor us. Thou 
art therefore more guilty than we, both on account of thine 
own wicked desire, and also because, through thee, we cannot 
perform LgU£- Maker*8 will* For he lent us to thee, to be en- 
joyed according to his eoramandments, not to fulfil the desire 
of thine evil covetousness. Answer us now, said Wisdom, as 
thou wilt : we wait for thine answer.- 


THEif said the Mind, I perceive myself every way guilty ; 
but I am so greatly oppressed with this loathsome sorrow, 
that I cannot answer you. Then said Wisdom again : It is 
stiff thy fault, almost .despairing. But I am 
unwilling. that Jhou shouldest- despair: I" would rather that 
thou wert ashamed of such error ; for he who despairs is dis- 
tracted; but he who is ashamed is in repentance. If thou 
now wilt /*^]] ir.(^ minj all the honours, in respect of this world, 
which thou hast had since thou first wert bom, until this day ; 
if thou wilt now reckon all the enjoyments against the sor^ 
rows ; thou canst not verv easi Tysy that thou art miserable 
and unhappy. For I took charge of thee unexperienced, and 
uninstructed ; and adopted thee as my child, and inured thee 
to my discipline. Who can then say aught else, but that thou 
wert most happy, when thou wert beloved by me ere known ; 
and sooner than thou knewest my discipline and my manners : 
and I taught thee young, such wisdom as is t o. many other 
older minds denied : an ^mproved thee with mine instruc " 
tions, until thou wert chosen a judge ? If thou now sayest, 
that thpu art not happy, because thou hast not the temporary 
honours and the enjoyments which thou formerly hadst, still 
thou art not unhappy : for the sorrows wherein thou now art, 
will in like manner pass away, as thou sayest the enjoyments 
formerly did. Thinkest thou now, that to thee alone such 
change and such sorrow happen, and that the like could 

y Google 


/ obpmn mobe ypelc neTonbecome. ne aep fe. xne a&ptep pe : • 

U^]>e penfc ^n y on seni^^um mennifcum mobe m»je auht 

I fsejTjia&blicef b6<Mi butonhpeappin^a. oype pj hit on sene^^um 

^ men senile hjnle F»I^bce punaj?. j-e bea}i.hic hupn jMipp e^ f 

Ji hic beon ne ma&j J>a&p hit »p paej*. Ppaet fyn^n ©a populb 

/f f8&l]>a of pep butoiij rbeaj)er tacminx. Fonl?am re'|bea|> ne cvm^ 

/^ to nanmn <^pum )?myim butan ^ he -^ hp a pyppe.^ ppa eac fa 

^ popu lb pa&lfa cumaf to ]>am^ GOobero pam p»t hi hit beniman 

]>»r pe hinneoparfc bip pippe popnlbe. f beof ponne ]K>nne hie 

/^ himlfpamxewta^, Irep e^e. la GOob. hpa&fep pe betepe tSmce. nu 

// nauht populbpicep* paeptep j ii^ipeappenbep beon ne ma^^. 

/•Uipa&pep ))e Jm hy popfeo. ^ p inepf agenep poncep hi poplece 

buton pape. ]>e pu jebibe hponne hi pe popjienbne popletan :• 


_!)S on^an pe f7ipbom pmjan anb j^ibbobe "Sup. DQimfe_x§o 

ane on habpum heoFonebeophtor tTcme]?. ponne atSeoptjiiap 

le^ pteoppan. poppam t5e~neopa beophtnep ne beoS nan 

/ y beophtnep pop tiipe. Donne pmylte blapep rupan pertanpii^ . 

/ ponne peaxap ppipe hpape pelbep blopman. ac ?5onne pe jTeapca 

/j? pmb xjymp ijoppan eaptan. poime topeoppp he ppipe hpape p sepe 

20 nopan j?lite. ppa optpone to pmylton i^ J5aap noj^an ^^^ 

ypt onptypep^ Gak^^aji ^uht nip^ a&rt^r gonbenber peopcer a 

pumenbe on populbe I • 


D3S cpaep Boetmp. Gala J7ipboin. pu pe papt mobup^ eallpa 

m»^ena» ne ma&;g ic n a pipcpel>an_ ney anbpacgan f pe^ pu me 

^^ asp paebejt:. poppon pe hit ip call pop. poppam ic nu ha&bbe 

. onpten f pa mine raBll?a ^ jeo^oproTixner. ge ic »]i penbe "g 

tera&lpa beon rceolban. nane ra&Ipa ne-f j'int. popgam he rpa 

npaeblice jepitep. ac f me haepp eallpa ppipopt gebpepeb bonne ^ 

\j ic yrobe ppelc trme8 TT?^f^pr -j^mnt^. f ic n u ppe otole onjiten nab be. 

^b'f p»t ip peo ma&pte unpa&K on pin afepeapban hpe. f mon 

a&pept peoppe*^ ^^epaelij. ■] a&ptep pam raijepaehj. Da anbppopebe 

32'IjeA^ T^ f^ipbom •] peo Iie pc eabpipnep ^ cpaep. Ma mPH:^i^ fn n^ mi^ 

jiA^jSi^^ Boet. lib. ii. metnim^. — Cum polo Phoebus, &c 

9 Boet. lib. ii. Frosa 4. — ^Tum ego, vera inquam, &c. 
' Cott. apeppet$. * Oott. apepjie, » Cott. to i)on. * Cott nan 
puht populbhcep. » Cott, mobop. « Oott. anbracisian J>»r ^«« 


Digitized by VjOOQ iC 


happen to no other mind, either before thee, or after thee ? 
Or thinkest thou that to any human mind there can be anj 
thing constant, without change ? Or if it for a time to any 
man firmly remain, death at least will take it away, so that 
it may not be inhere it before was. What are worldly goods, 
but an emblem o£ death P !For death comes for nothing else, 
but that it may take away life. So also worldly goods come 
to the mind, in order that they may depriye it of that which 
is dearest to it in this world ; that is, when thev depart from 
it. Say, Mind, whether thou judgest more wisely, seeing 
that naught of worldly power can be constant and unchange- 
able ? Whether thou despisest them, and of thine own choice 
caast relinquish them without regret, so that thou canst abide 
it when they leave thee ^orrowfd ? 


Thesn began Wisdom to sing, and sung thus: When the 
Ban in the serene hearen brightest shines, then become dark 
all the stars, because their brightness is no brightness by 
reason of her. When the south-west wind gently blows, then 
grow Tery quickly field flowers; but when the stark wind 
Cometh from the. north-east, then does it very soon destroy 
the rose's beauty. So oftentimes the north wind's tempest 
Btirs the too tranquil sea. AlasX that there^is^ nothing of 
fast-standing work, ever remaining mtSeworld! 


Theit said Boethius : O Wisdom, thou who art the mother 
of all virtues, I cannot gainsay or deny that which thou hast 
said to me, because itTs all true : for I have now- learned that 
those my felicities, and the prosperity, which I formerly 
thought should be happiness, are no happiness becaiifie they 
60 speedily d^art. Bat this has most of all troubled me, 
when I most deeply think about that which I have clecrfly 
learned, that it is tbe^greatest infelicity of this present life, 
that any one is first happy, and afterwards unhappy. Then 
answered Wisdom and Eeason, and said : Thou canst not with 

Digitized by 






/ fol^g te t ag l a n T>ine p jjife anb fine jef aeljwi r j» fpa Jni penjr. pop 
fam lJB^S yriera&il?um^ ]?e tJu fpopafC. hit if leaping j) fu 
penft ))»c 5ulj;fi2 unjefaelij!* Sc jip "Se nu -p fpa fpife 
jebpepeb ■] jeunpotfab 1l»p]>. -p te ))u pplupe ]>a leafan je- 

j-faelfa. ))onne m»j ic tJe openlice jepeccan. "p Jju pp^cole 
onticrt l ?»t: te f u 25it haepft J>one m»]t^ bael )impa^ jef »1]» 
^epusep haef beft ; . 8eje me nu hps&]>ep f u mib pihte m»je 

J j eppiafl^ f ina i mjfs&llz a* fpelce fu eallun^a h»bbe j oplopen J?ina 
^ef8&lfa. ac fu ha&p^ ;i:it;z; efgnb ; z ;ehealben eall -f ]b ie QppvTilK)rte 

/^ ^a&t-te ^u l?etberopxob ha&p^eft : « pumijit J>u tfonn/ 
^ pypfe j^a) lappe. nu ]>\x f leoppe, haejrt ^ 
W part '|f ye(f)8u;ru1? eaJlef moncynne|-. - \ fe jjif msBj-ta peop)»< 

/.^ fcipe. yt leoFal?. '^ ir Simmachur l^^'^ rgggp-f Pp»t he if pt 

hal ^ jefunb. •] ha&ff aelcef jobef jenoh. fOpfon ic pat^-plJu 
/■^ naht^ ne ^pflap^beft f'^ fu fm ajen peoph/p^P ^i^^e ne peaT 

oeft. jip fu nine; jefape on hpilcum eappobum. poppamj:&.|iey 
/yi f [7ifbomef Y|'t^?^»y^^ P^^- 1 S^^^^S opPPS nu jit a&lcef 
/ eopfhcef e^ef . fe if fpil?e rang t on fmhm eappofum ^ pop* 

l?inu m ppa&cppe : • pu ne leopa]> fm piV eao. ^aar ilcan 8mi- 
2$ machufepbohtep. "3 fiojj;j;gi^ peljgepy) UBJ ^gfeemetpa&ft:. 
^peo ha&f^ ealle ofpu piT opeTilyunxeh mib jblaenneireTeail heope 

job ic tJe m»j mib peaum popbum apeocan. "f if ^ heo if on 
;;eallum ]7eapum hiepe pa&bep jehc. peo nopaf nu fe. fe anum. 

pop]7am t$e hio nanpuht ellep ne lupatS /butaii fe. a&lcep jobep 
,2fheo ha&p]) jenoh on fip anbpeapban lipe. ac heo hit h»pp 

eall foppepen opep fe anne.'' eall 
Jjam fe heo fe a&nne na&pp. faep an 
JympgtaBppeapbnep pe heope ^inctS eall 
t^lpamheo ip pop finum lupumTc 
Sa teapum ^ pop unpotnepfe ; ~\^ 
tpam*® funum. fa fiftt Tealbonmen 
JZTP^^^ol f 10 jipu -} ealk fabr^ujahiop 
paebep. fpa fpa jeonje^^mSi majc 
monnum. Dy ic punbnite hpi l?une 

hit onfcunaf . pop- 

hipe If nu pana. pop 

auht® -pi heo haepf. pop- 

\ J piilneah beab pop 

e pe cpefan be fmum 

;ej?eahtepap. on fam ip 

•j heopS^^fenan^* 

jelicopte beon ealbum 

Xfi ony tan f ast fu eapt 

jS^wi pt ppife ;^exehp nu fu pt hopoft anb eapt hal : . ppaet 

fast ip pio mefte aep beabhcpa manna fast hie hbban anbipen 

: ^mile. ;3 fu ha&ppt nu tet to eaca^ eaill f ic )>e aep tealbe : • 

Ppaet ic pat f f ir 3;itT^on^ n )?pyfo nnfc ,monnep l ip, popfam 

JJ mane^m men ip leoppe t^aet he aep pdp f pelte aep he jef eo hif 


. imr»ll>Tim. * Cott J>apa. 
lunt. •^Cott. Simachef . 

* Cott. 
* Cott. ai 
^ Cott. opmob. »• Cott tp«m. 

» Cott. popan. 
' Cott. »iine. 
" CottTelbpan. 

* Cott. fpiop. 

« Cott. noht. 

« Cott SiunS^* 

d by Google 

CHAP. X. BOETHnrS. 29 

tmth accuse tliy fortnne and thy happiness, as thou supposest, 
on account of the false unbappinesa w hich thou art suffering. 
It is a deception wlien thou imaginest that thou art unhappy^ 
Bat if it has so much troubled thee and made thee sad, thati 
thou hast lost the false happiness ; then may I plainly telll^ 
thee, that thou well knowest that thou hast still the greatest 
part of thy felicities, which thou formerly hadst. Tell me 
now, whether thou canst with justice complain of thy mis- 
fortunes, as if thou hadst altogether lost thy happiness, since 
thou hast yet kept entire everything most precious, whicli 
' thou wast anxiona j^boutT How cwist thou, then, lament 
the worse, and the more unworthy, when thou hast retained 
the more desirable ? Thou knowest, however, that the orna- 
ment of all mankind, and the greatest honour, yet lives ; that 
is Sjmmachus, thy father-in-law. He is yet hale and sound, 
and has enough of every good ; for I know tbatlb hou wouldest 
jot be unwillin^o give thine own life for "h igi, if tnou wert 
^ see mm in a^ dimculties. For th e manis full of wisdom 
andvirtueSj and sufficiently free, as yet, from all earthly fear, 
lie w very sorry for thy troubles, and for thy banishment. 
How ! is not thy wife also living, the daughter of the same 
Symmachus? and she is very prudent, and very modest. 
She has surpassed all other wives in virtue. All her excel- 
lence I may sum up to thee in few words : that is, that she 
is m all her manners like her father. She now lives for thee, 
thee alone : for she loves nothing else except thee. Of all 
^ood she has enough in this present life, but she has despised 
it all, beside thee alone. She renounces it all, because she 
has not thee. Of this alone she feels the want. Because of 
thy absence, everything which she has seems naught to her. 
Therefore she is through love of thee, wasted^ and almost 
dead with tears and with grief. "What shall we say concern- 
ing thy two sons, who are noblemen and counsellors ; in 
whom is manifest the ability and all the virtues of their , 
fcther, and of their ^andfather . so far as young men may 
most resemble old men? Therefore I wonder why thou 
canst not understand, that thou art, as yet, very happy, since 
thou still livest and art hale. This, indeed, is the greatest 

possession of mortal men, that thev liv^ pyd are ha^ g! and 
thou haat yet in addition, all that I have already mentioned 

Digitized by VjOOQ iC 


/ jnp "3 hif beapn fpeltenbe : • Sc hjn Cilaft^ )ni ]K>one to 

pepenne butonTanbpeopce : • Ne meaht fu lai jic ]>]inie pyp5e 

_S IBfiilif o]>pit; fm Iff "Ho ^eta&lan. i» eapc )ju noTealluiija 

] to naulite jebon fpa rpa }ni penrt.liiir })e nu pt nan una- 

^•^bepenbkc bpoc.jetenj^e. popjiam }« l^rftacon^ ir tit oii eojni'* 

]»ii pa&rt. ^»t j|m£*^a ealbopjnen. tSe'^^p ^be fppecon. ])a 
/"i)e ne lastaw ^eoptpupiM i be Jiif anbpeapban Lpe. ^ ept \\ai 
i a^na tpeopaJ "^ feo ^obcunbe lupu.. "3 r® tx)bopa . T >a >peo ]>e ae 

l»tal>fcegiitnepui be Imm ecMi lipe. Da anbf popobe ^ unpoce 
/^ QDob n c^|>. Aila p«pan Iwt TMicpar fpa tpiune* "^ ppa ]>uph- 

pumenbe je fop Iiobe je pop populbe. jja ppa ]ni jregpt. fonne 

mihte pe nude py e)?* jefoLan ppa hpaetf^appopnejja jm uj* on 
/^become, eall bie uf ])jrnca'5 ]>y leohtpan "Sa hpde ^ jytfi ancnar^ 

pa&ftelbeo^. ac )hi miht ]>eah on^iton hu ]ia mme^ f aBl])a anb 
/^ peopSpcipe h^ pop populbe ip onceppeb :• 


yL § I. DS anbppopobe r e pirbom t r eo Ijerceabpirne r "3 cp»p. 
Ic pene pe^ f ic hpaet npejanunj^ep^ f e upafiope op^aepe un- 
pocnerpe "jreulneah jebpohte set "Sam ilcan peopfpcipe tSe pu 
a&p haepbepi. buton J)u jit to pill'Ji^fa&p pe J^ l»peb^ip. -p J)e 

2^op py platije. Sc ic ne m8&&b pftnlian9 pma p^n^nya pp pam 

ly tlan pe pu poplune. i:oppam pu] 7mile mib pope "^ mib un- 

' potnepp ^mjenpt gip pe »niep pillan pana bip. tSeah hit lytlep 

hpa&t pie. ppa paep a&ppe dntJip anbpeapban' lipe. oppe hpa ip nu. 

o^t$e bpa pypp jet aeptep up on pippe populbe. ^ bim nanpubc 

Zs" pi^ bip piUan ne pie. ne lytlep ne micelep. Spipe neapepe pent^ ^ 

-^'^c'] ppipe beanjicj^" pa mennipcan jepa&lpa. poppam opep tpega. 

otSSe hie na&ppe to^'nanum men ne becumap. o55e hi pa&p 

ns&ppe pa&ptlice ne puphpuniap ppelca ppelce hi sep to coman. 

! Ba&t ic pille hen be sgrtaii ppeotolop jepeccan. pe -piton f 

;j'/;pume maejon habban sellep populb pelan jenoj.^^ ^^ j^i habba5. 
peah pceame pa&p pelan. jip hi ne beo^ ppa 8&t3ele on jebypbum 
ppa hi polboiH^ Suine' beop rpit^e a&pele T pibcupe on heojia 

jf jebypbum. aC hi beop ijub!!ja6ble 3 inib.h^npe^^ opppycte "j 

' Boet. lib. ii. prosa 4. — Et ilia, Prmovimus, inqtiit, &c. 

' .Cott. tiolart. * Cott. popj>on binT ancen. * Bod. pumew * Cott. 
letJ. * Cottx oncnar . ^ Cott. miia. ' Cott. hpKt hpusununjep. 
8 Cott. alypeb. ' » Cott. abpeosan. " Cott. neappa pnt. " Cott. 
heanhca. >* Cott. j^ moxuse habba'^ alcep popdb pillan S^noS* " Cott. 

Digitized by 



§ I. BOBXBIVa. 31 


to thee. But I knowtbllt this is even mo_ 

man's li&: for many a man would wisIT^at he* himself 
should die, rather than behold his wife and children dying. 
Why tcMifist thou' weeping without a cause? Thou 
canst not jet hlaiae thy fortune, nor upbraid thy life : nor 
art thou altogether brought to naught, as thou thinkest. 
No unl>earable misery has yet befallen thee, for thine anchor 
is still last in the earth : that is, the noblemen whom we 
before mentioned. They suffer thee not to despair of this 
present life : and again, thine own faith, and'ilie dmne love 
and hope ; these then suffer thee not to despair of the ever- 
lasting life. Then answered the sorrowful Mind, and said : 
0, that the Anchors were so secure, and so permanent, both 
for God, and for the world, as thou sayest ! then might we 
the more easily bear whatsoever misfortunes come upon us. 
They all seem the lighter to us, so long as the anchors are 
feat. But thou mayest, nevertheless, perceive how my Mici- 
ties, and my dignity here, in respect of the world, is changed. 


§ I. Then answered Wisdoip and Season, and said : I 
think, however, that I have, in some measure, raised thee up 
from this sorrow ; and almost brought tliee to the same dig- 
nity which thou before hadst. Only thou art yet too full of 
Khat thou hast relinquished, and art therefore grieved. But 
I cannot endure thy lamentations for the little that thou 
hast lost. Eor thou, always, with weeping and with sorrow, 
iDoumeBt,if there be to thee a lack of anything desired, 
though it be of something little. Who was ever in this 
present life, or who is now, or who shall be yet after us in 
this world, to whom nothing against his will may happen, 
either little or much ? Very narrow, and very worthless, are 
human enjoyments : for either they never come to a man, or 
they never coz\stantly remain there such as they first came. 
This I will hereafter more dearlv show. "We know that; 
Bome may havli.fillOUgh of all worldly wealth ; but they have 
nevertheless shame of the wealth, if they are not so noble in 
birth as they wish. Some are very noble and eminent^ on 
account of their birth,' bat they are oppressed and made sad 

Digitized by 



/ ^eunpotf o8e. f hun p»pe leofjie f hi pa&pan una&^le ]K>xme 
]-pa eapme. jip hit on heopa anpealbe ps&pe : • GOane^e heop 
piah »s)'^p jetFuU-»)>ele je tpill-peh^e. "3 beop ]>eahtpin- 
unpote. ]K>ime hi opep tpe^a ot$t$e pip habba]> him ^em»c. oppe 

^Tiiin ^emece nabba]> : • ^ CPam2e habbap ^enojl^^ihci^e- 
pipob. ac ppibeapnlep; g . eaUne pone pelan t5e m^ejlBibepijaf 
hi l»pa$' fpa&mbum to bpucanne. anb hi beo]> |:oppain iin- % 

(f pote : • Same habbatS beapn ^enoje. ac 9a beop hpilum unhale . 
oppe jrpele j unpeopp.* otJtJe hpafe ^epapap. f 9a elbpan pop- 

/o ]>am ^nopniap ealle heopa populb : • Foppam ne ma&j nan mon 
on ]>if]*e anbpeapban hpeeallunjaiepab beon pip hif pypb. peah 
he nu nanpuht eallef na&bbe ymBetb'fopjreimer^'iiim ma&j 
to fop^e. 9»t he nat hpa&t him topeapb bip. hps&pep pe ^ob pe 
jjel. pon ma pe ]>u pi]t;eft. j eac pa&t f he ponne jefselhce 

/^bpycf. he onbpa&t f he fcyle popla&tan. Iretaec me nu jnimne 

. mann }>apa pe 9e jera&lejoft pmce. ■] on hip felj^e jy fpifop: 

jepiten. ic pe jepecce fpipe hpape f t5u ongitft f he bip pop 

rpipe lytlum pmjum opt ppife un^emethce jebpepeb. ^p hnn 

aenij puht bi9 pip hip pillan. oppe pip hip jepunan. peah hit nu 

jlc lytlep hpset peo buton he to »lcum men ms^^e ^ebeacnian f 
he ipne on^ hip pillan :• f7unbpum Ijrel maaj jebon pone 
eallpa jg-aehjeptan mon hep pop^ popidbe. f he penp J>a&t hip 
"brf jfien o99e ppipe ^epanobe o9t5e mib ealle popilopene : • 
nu f J>u peo ppipe unjepaelij. ;] ic pat f mane^m 

£/men t5uhte f he ysdjte to heoponum ahapen jip he aemjne'^ bad 
ha&pbe papa ]>inpa jepa&lpa pe 8u nu get ha&ppt : • ® Ee pup- 
pum reo ptop: pe pu nu on ha&pt eapt. "^ pu cpirt ^ pmtpria&c- 
_ptop py heo ip pam monnum ef el )>e pa&p cm jeoopene paepan. 
3 eac yam 9e heopa pillum paep on eapbi jap : • T NeTnanruht 

fid n e by^ypel Ja&pjnon pene f hit ypefpeo . -3 peah hit nu hepj 
peo anbpipeppeapb. peah hit' bip jepa&lp jip hit mon lujtlice 
be9 anb je^ylbihce apa&pnp t • Feapa Yieny. to pam jepceabppe. 

• jip he pypp on unxepy lbe. f he ne pifiiije® f hip pa&lpa peop]>an 
onpenbe> yip p^e__jiiffini^e bitepneppe ip jemenjeb peo 

4^ ppetnep J?ippe populbe. peah heo hpam pynpum^^ 9ynce. ne masg ; 

• rhe hie no habban ^^ jip heo hme pleon on^np !• pu ne ip hit 
J/ }>a&p ppi^ ppeotol hu hpepphce pap populbpa&l])a jint. nu hi ne 

, 1 * Cott. nabbatJ o9>e him semsc o1S\>e ^em$he nabba'S. * Cott 

•feepwUice. • Bod. Ivta'S. * Bod. untpeope. * Cott S^becnan j> 
I^e lepne on. • Cott. on. ^ Bod. »mne. * Cott. Seha»pr. • Bod. 
hepilmse. ^ Cott pyDfaina. " Cott gdiabban . 


by Google 

§1. BOSTHIUS. 33 

by indigence and poverty, so that it were more desirable to 
them to be unnoble, than so poor, if it ]j^rg in their power. 
Many are, indeed, both futt noble and rnl^wealthy, and are 
nevertheless very unhappy, when they l^ave either of these 
thinks ; either^when they have wives as yoke-fellows with V 
them, or have not yoke-fellows. Many have married happily ^ 
; ianough, but for want of children, they leave all the riches * 
which they amass to strangers to enjoy, and they are there- 
fore unhappy. Some have children enough, but they are 
sometimes unhealthy, or evil and worthless, or soon depart, 
BO that the parents therefore mourn all their life. Hence no 
nian can, in this present life, be altogether suited in respect 
of his fortune. Though he have nothing at all to sorrow 
about, this is able to make him sorrowful, that he knows not 
what is about to happen to him, whether good or evil, any 
more than thou knewest ; and moreover he fears, that what 
he then happily enjoys, he may lose. Show me now any man 
of those who appear to thee the happiest, and who is most 
distinguished for the enjoyment of his desires. I tell thee 
at once, that thou mayest observe that he is often immo- 
derately troubled for very trifling things ; if anything hap- 
pens to him against his will, or contrary to his custom, 
though it be ever so little ; unless he may give his nod to 
erery man to run at his will. "Wonderfully little can causa 
the happiest man of all, here in respect of the world, that he 
should think that his happiness is eithe r much lessened, or 
entirely lost. Thou now tninkest that ffiou art very miser- 
able:, and I know that to many a man, it would seem that 
he were exalted to the heavens, if he had any part of thy 
felicities, which thou hast still. Moreover, the place wherein 
thou art now detained, and which thou caflest t h y pkcQ gf 
^e, is the country of the men who were bom there, and 
also of those who by t£eir own will dwell there. Nothing 
ia evily until a man thinks that it is .e vil : and though it be 
Sow heavy and adverse, yet it will be happiness, if he acts 
willingly, and patiently bears it. Scarcely any one is so pru- 
dent when he is in impatience, as not to wish that his happi- 
ness were destroyed. With very much bitterness is the 
sweetness of this world mingled. Though it seem pleasant 
to any one, he will be unable to hold it. if it begin to fly 
from him. Is it not, then, very evident, how inconstant 


Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



/ ma^on tSone eapman ^epj^an. Fop]>am he pmle pilnatS hpief 
hpu^^ ])»f ]>e he )K>]ine na^pt. ne hie ])ain jejiylbe^um -3 pam 
i 'xemerpa&rcmn pmble^n e punia]> : • 

* § II.* Ppi fece je t>oim& ymbutan eop ]>a ^ef»l]2a ^e ^e on 

; mnan eop* habbap f uph pa gobcunban miht gef efc : • 3c ge 

nyton hpast je bof. je pnc an gebpolan : • Sc ic eop maej mib 

/peapum popbumtgeiie^nf hpa&t re hpoF if eallpa jef 8&l]»a pif 
paf ic pac fu pile mpan pon aep J>e pu hine on^tert -f if ponne 
job : . * QOihfc yvL nu onptan hpa&p^ pu aimr pe beoppyppjie 
/^ habbe ponne tSe pylpie : • Ic pene peah f pu piUe cpe]>an "p pu 
nauht beoppypjype n»bbe. Ic pat pf ]>u nu hasfbe^ pullne 
ao^ealb tSine)* feljep. tSonne ha&pbert Su hpa&fc hpega^ on pe 
felpim tSaef pe "Su naej^ie pinum pillum alscan polbep: J ne peo 
pypb pe on yniman ne mihte : • FoptSam ic tJe nnnbgy jp 
/^pu onpfcelSsette nan jefaelj) mp on pij-fe anbpeapban lif e.^Ac 
^ ongec p3gt nauht nip betepe on pijje anbpeapbum hpe. ponne 
peo jefceabpipnep. poppam pe heo puph nan "Smg ne maeg pam 
men lopan. pop py ip betepe p»t peoh paet te nseppe iopian ne 
mseg. ponne f pe ma&j ^ pceal. pu ne ip pe nu jenoh ppeotole 

^^gepaeb pset peo pypb fe ne .ms&g nane gepa&lpa peUan. poppam 
pe aegpep ip unpa&pt ge peo pypb. je peo jepaelp. poppam pmfc 
ppij)e tebpe •] ppif e hpeopenbe pap gep»}pa : • Ppa&t celc 1?ana £^i 

. . Ve te p1 y|C|nuib-keraSll?a ha&cp. otep^^P^ga ^fP® he pat pas tel 
lam'Wompeapbe beoib . otStSe hehitnat. jip he hit pomie nat. 

j^J hpeice jejj&lpa fiaepf he »t pam pelan. jip he b^p pf^hyp; ■) 
pi^ttiuyep?rr» ^ "f he past pitan ne maeg. gip he hit t$onne pat. 
]>onxIS7ni5p»t he him f heo lopian. j eac ge^pa par -^ he hi 
alsBtan pceal. 8e nnxabEi eje ne laet ne&nne® mon jepa&lijae 
beon : • Jjip ponne hpa ne pec]> hpa&pep he pa gepisllt^a ha&bbe. 

^0 pe he nabbe pe he "Sonne ha&pp. hpaat pa&t tSonne beop pop lytJa 
pe&lpa. ot$t$e nane. paet mon ppa eape ^roplaetan^maog ; • Ic pene 
nu ^ ic |ye hascbe aep genog ppeotole xepeht be manejmm ] 
t tacnum f te/mor mafpapla p nt unbeaphce "jece.*" '} f ly genpj; 
ppeotol f te hflUhe mon '<5^p Jd^b^an ii& jieapp f ealle men 

^^jeenbia)? on pam beape. 3 eac heopa , pelan. ,py ic punbpige hp j 
men pen ppa un^epceabpipe f hie penan f jiip anbpeapbe .1^ . 

S^ ma&je feme monnan bon gepaedigne^ahpile ])e he leopaiS. Jioime 

•• Bo«t Mb. ii. prasa 4,-*Q«id Igitor, omortalea, Ac 
1 Bod. ihp«t hpes. 'Cottiop. * Cott^efKccan. ^.Btd. 

onsitpti J>e If ]>one sob. » Bod. tmfbeft, « Cott. hpi^o. ? Qg^t 
nolbep. ^Cott uDpp. 'Bod. none. i* Cott imteabhca .i ec|^ 

y Google 



worldly goods are ; when they are not ^l)te to satisfy the 
poor, inasmuch as he always desires something of that which 
he has not; neither do they always dwell with ithe^atiexxf; 
and isederote. 

§ n. Why seek ye, then, oronnd you t he happiness which 
ye have placed within you by the divine power ? But ye 
know not what ye do : ye*are in error. But I can, with few 
words, show you what is the. roof of all happiness.: for whifl| i 

I know thoii wilt strive until thou obtainest it: this, ^hen, is 
good. Canst discover whether thou hast anything 
more precious to thee than thyself? I thiitk, though, thou 
wilt say that thou hast nothii^ more precious. I know, if 
thou hadst full power of tiiyseHi .thou wouldest i;hen iaiv© 
something in thyself, which thou nerer, ^wxt^ thine own con- 
Bent, woiddest relinquish, nor qould iEortums take it from 
thee. Therefore I advise thee, that thou learn, *that there is 
no happinesB in this .present life. But ieam that nothing is 
better in this present life than ireason:: because man caimot 
by any means lose it. Therefore that weali^ is better, whidi 
never can be lost, than that whidh may, and shall btf lott. 
h id not, now, dearly enough proved to thee, .that ;Fortaiie 
caimot give thee any happiness P because each is insecure, 
both Fartune and happiness; for these goods are- very frail, 
. and very perishable. Indeed, every onejw^^>^8^seg±lg|e/ 
worldly goods, either knows that ttey J ffl6 <a bout^6xU^^ 
from him, or he is ignorairt of it. If, th^i, he is ignorant of 
it, what iu^pineas Ims.he in.riches, when he is mi(3p ]k h^waA i^ js^p^?)^ 
joiinwigD ^ to be ignorant of this ? iButxf lie knows it, t£cm ^ 
he draack that they may be lost, and also is well awaare that 
he mnat leave them . Continual fear suffers i not amr^ man ite 
be happy. If then any man cares not whether be nave ;1^at 
wealth, which he may not have, even when he has it j truly^ 
that is for little happiness, or .none, which a man may so 
eaailjr lose. I think, moreover, that I had formerly with 
nffieient deamess taught thee by many arguments^ that the 
acrals of men are immortal and eternal: and it is so evident 
that no "man need doubt. it, i;hat all men end in death, and 
liBo their riehes. Therefore 1 wonder why men are so irra- 
tional as, to think that this present life^um make man happy 
whilst he livas, amxxg that !jt:caxmot, after it is ended, male 


Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


/ hit hine ne msej »]t;ep )>yf lipe eapmne^ ^ebon ; • pp»t pe 
jepif bee piton unpim ^apa monna fe $a ecan ^ef »lt$a f olitan 


y/ y j feS ontan re rirbonMxlioman. ^ ^e^bbobe l>ur . ectfi^ l>»g 

'^^ yipell mib ieo^e . f ne »p r»oe t cp«P. fe pe piUetpaert huf 

7 timbpian. ne fceall he hit no fettan upon )?one hehytan cnoL 

3 fe t5e pille jobcunbne f^ifbom fecan. ne m»^ he hine pi]> 

/^OFepmetta. "^ ept fe fe pill^pseft hup timbpian. ne pette he hit 

on ponbbeophap. 8pa eac jip )m pipbom timbpian pille. ne pete 

/Z^nhme uppan l>a jitpunja. pop^amjjajjaj2^b^jo^_Jonn£ 

/ 3 penTrpylx^.' ^FPqrPy^?^^ T^^ Xitpunj pa ^j^^^Wlan >ippep 

mibbanjeapbejvpoptJam hio hiopa pimle did Duppte^v^ne ma&j 

//hup naht lante ptanban on t5am hean munte. gip hitSpiU-ftuo^ 

/>) gemethc pmtygeptent. nespt fa&t f te on 'S^m n rftnhaA p on^j^ 

ptent pop ppiphcum^ pene. ppa eac f mennipce Wob big un- 

; bepeten ySipe reb op hip ftebe . fonne hit pe pmb ptjionjpa je- 

ppmca ajrypoD. 6TOe ];e^en imjemedicep ymbhojan : • Sc pe 

^^fe pille habban fa ecan jepaelfa. he pc ealj JeQn foneippecnan 

plite fiper mibbaneap bep. "j timbpian -p hup ODobep on^|m^ 

rortan rtan ^jLatfrneSg^. popfam 8e Epift eapbat$ on fs&pe bene 

- fTObny)6nqT-e ? ^ on fam ^emynbe pipbomep. popfam pimle pe 

ppa mon^aU hip hp Iset on %^jf03x unonpenbenbhce ^ oppoph. 

^^fonne he feopphf a &tt$en te f apigopfhean gn^ je eac fa yplu. ^ 

hopid) to) fam topeapbam. f ]iint fa ecan. popfam tJe Eob- 

J/ fepg^e^^^ a&xhponan . pinxalhce punienbe. on hip QOobep je- 

' pelfum. t5eah f e pe^nb. fapa eappofa. "} peo. pintalerX emen. 

f ippa populb pelfa. him onblape : • 1*^— »-^ 


JO DS pe pipbom fa ^ peq Eepceabpipnep fip leo^ fup apunjen 

jj haepbon. tJa onjan he eix tpcxan^ rpel l n fup cp»f. ClOe tJmcf 

nu f pit inaB^ent pmealicoppppecan n?5irf golpan p opbum. pop- 

SS fam ic onjite f mm lap hpa&t hpu^ mja&tS on fm onbpt. 3 

» i5oet. u 

* Boet. lib. iL metrnm 4. — Qaisquis yolet perennem, &c 
^ Boet. lib. ii. prosa 5. — Sed quoniam rationnm, &c. 
pjim, ' Cott pecsean. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 




him miserable. But we certainly know of innumerable men 
who h^ve sought eternal happiness, not by this alone, that 
they chose the bodily death, but they also willingly submitted 
to many grievous tonnents on account of the eternal life : 
those were all the holy martyrs. 


Then began Visdom to^^H^^d -sunp r thnq , — "he prolonged 
with verse tiae speech that he before made, and said : He who 
will build a firm house, must not set it upon the highest hill ; 
and he who will seek heavenly wisdom, must not seeh it with 
arrogance. And, again, fie who is desirous to build a firm 
house, should not set it on sand-hills. So also if thou art 
desirous to build wisdom, set it not on avarice. Por as 
S^Jjiar sand swallows the rain, W- avarice swallows the 
lenshable riches of this middle-earth y because it is always 
thirsty after them. A house cannot long staufd on the high 
mountain, if a very violent jdni press on it ; nor has it that 
which may stand on tKe jjurgt^sga^for excessive rain. Thus 
also the human mind is subverted, and moved from its place, 
when the wind of strong afflictions agitate it, or the rain of 
immoderate care. But he who wishes to have eternal happi- 
ness, should fly from the dangerous splendour of this middle- 
earth, and build the house of Mb mind on the firm rock of 
humility. For Christ dwells in the vale of humility, and in 
the mind of wisdom. Therefore the wise man ever leads all 
his life in joy; unchangeable and secure, when he 'despises 
both these earthly goods, and also the evils ; and hopes for. 
the futtlre, which are eternal. For God preserves him every- 
where, perpetually dwelling in the enjoyments of his mind : 
though the wind of troubles, and the continual care of these 
worldly goods, blow upon him. 


When Wisdom anSTleasoVliad thus sung this lay, then 
began he again to make a speech, and thus said : Methinks 
that we may now argue more closely, and with profounder 
words; for I perceive that my doctrine, in some degree, 

Digitized by 



/ ]ni jenoh pel vmbepjtenpz H ic ]>e to rppece.IxdSgpfi.nn hpgr 

^ ]7i]iej-^jB9B^ .peo ealjia l?irra ropulb ashta ^ peleua. ot$Se hinc 

^ fix piep. on. a^e unaJQbej^bej. ^p pa hira tceafawrbcfr^ eptep 

fpyjiafC P)?»t haftfrc tJu ku pam ^^ipum. pe ^u cpiffe f peo pyjifa 

^ eop jipe. anb set pam pelum.^ tSeah hi nu^ece vBB[iOJU Sex^ me 

nu hpaspep pe pin pela " Siner pancep pp ajbeo^^ reo l>e tori hir 

-*-& axenne xecvnbe. kpa&tien ic 15e pecje pe^ f hit ip op hip ajenjie 

jil jecynbe naf op pinpe: pphit ponTO^p a^enpe jecjnbe ip naj- 

/ op "Smpe. hpi ei^t. Su ponne aJw betena pop hip ^gobe,* 8^e 

/(^ me nu hpaet hip teTbeonartVfince. hpaRl?en p e ylb pe hpasfc ic 

pat peaE jolb.. jflc peak hit^'iMiu ^b" reo ; ubiBo p e^ peaTlbip 

hhpeabi^pa t jeor p^Bj^p*^ pe "Se hit pelp. ^oimepe pe hit "gabejislf 

3 on oppmn peapap. je eac- pajplan/oeop Mipeabi^jiad. "} 

Jb ^eopta&lpan J?onne ponne hie mon X'^- ponne Bie beon ponne 

/Shi mon jabpap 3 healt.* l^aat r^g^itniny^ xebej? heone gt> ' 

// jepar iape aejpep je Eobe xe izfonnum. n j^at'^r ta pt jcbo p pa 

J ^riml e leop tasle n hhreabiy yAfeoii\>e aagpep je Iiobe je mon- 

/ num t5e hie lupiap. Nu f jp^h ponne mag beon je 

mib pam ^e hit pcltS je Wibpam pe hit nimp.^ nu ip poppaam 

i^»lc peoh betepe j beoiipYnl?[ie xerealb l?onne jehealben. Iiipnu 

eall pipep mibbanea|i6ep pela come to anum ne paepon 

^/^ ponne eaJle oppe^en pa&blan butan anum.^® Eoioh ppeqtol, 

Saet ip. -p te^b popb ^ xob hhra »lcep monnep bLpJbj^cejiaj^nne a mgpela. hpa&t f popb gepylp eallpa^^ papa 

>i,^eapan. pe hit jehepp/j"ile bip peak no ^y laappe mib pam pe hi^ 

pppicp. hip heontanf biegebaeiTfc hit jeopena^.^^ "3 paap otSpejr 

1 -^heoptan belocene^^ hit pupbpaBj2p;: ^ on pam ps&pelbe p»p be- 

j *^ tpyx ne bi^ hic no gepanob. ne masg hit mon: mib ppeopbe 

\ opflean. ne mib pape jebmban. ne hit n»ppa nelajgjdS* ^ pa 

^ JO eoppe pelan. peah.hi eal ne peg eoppe pn.** ne pmcp eop no py 

\ papop^^ heopa 2enolC"7Tieah je hie ponne oppum monnum 

peilan ne majon* ge no pe ma mib pam heopa paable 3 heopa 

^^ gitpunge gejryllan. tSeah ^ pu hie^pmale^^ tobale jya bupt . ne 

mihc pu peah ealle men emhce^® mibij^ehealban. •] t$onne pu 

ealle gebaelbe ha&pjr. ponne bift ©u oe pelp paebla. 8int p»t 

*]jepilice^^ ]^]siT^$iJfef mibbangeapbep, tJonnehi nan mon pullice 

^pHbabban ne ma&g. ne hie nanne moiLgepeligian ne magon. buton 


J Cott. ?jgrf?PfrF'r}^' * ^0^*- pel^n- • Cott. 8KSe. * Cott. goobe. 
» Cott.[ ^ionTir^ . g-Bod. %olb, f CottfbiflEfi^ « Cott. hilc. » Cott. mon 
pcl^. ^^ Cott. bucon him anum. " Cott Tbiopna. " Cott. aloef. 
" Bod. ibelnerre hic opena^. " Cott. belocena. ^» DOtt mib^eop pen. 
w CotL hpaJ>op. " Cott. j-pa pmealice. 1* Cott.temnlice. ^ Cot^Jpepehcg. 

Digitized by 


^t*3f.37 . 

entn*8 into* thy mind, and'ihoa imderBtandest welll enough 
what I say unto thee. Consider, now, what is' thine- own of 
ail these- worldly poBseBfiioiiB. and< riches; or what of great 
price t^oa hast therein^ if thou rationally examinest it. 
What hast; tliou from the gifts- and firom the riches, which 
thou sayest fi)rtune give^you, even though th^ were eternal ? 
Tell me now, whe^^er in l^y judgment, this thy wealth, is ao 
J jpscious to thee from itb own nature. But I say to thee 
mat it is from its own nature, not from thine. If it, then, 
is from itsown^nafture and not fh>m thine, why art thou ever 
fee betteer ^for its- good P Tell me what of it seems to thee 
most preeiou a^c whether gold, or whatp I know, however, 
gold. But tbough it be good and .preciouSj yet will he be 
more celebrated and more beloved, who gives it, than he who 
gathers, and takes it from others; Biches, also, are m(Hre 
honourable, and more estim able when any one gives them, 
than they are when he gathers and' keeps them. Covetous- 
ness, indeed, makes misers loathsome both to Qo dAsdJiamenj 
^T liberality tdwa^makes them estimab le, and famous, and 
worthy, both to God and to the men whom they befriend. 
Since, then, wealth cannot be both with those who give it, 
and with those who receive it ; all wealth is therefore better 
and more precious given than held. If even all the wealth 
of this middle-dearth should come to one man, would. not all 
' other men be poor, except one ? It is sufficiently evident 
that the good word and good fam e of every man is better and 
more precious t han any wealth iTbr this word fills the ears of 
31 those who hear it, and yet is not the less with him who 
speaks it. His heart's recess it opens, and the locked heart 
of another it penetrates, and in the way between them it is 
not lesB0ned,.nor can any one \Fith sword slay it, nor with 
rope bind, nor does it ever perish. But these your riches, if 
they were always yours, there does not the sooner seem to you 
enough of them ; and if ye may not give them to other men, 
ye never the more therewith satisfy their want and their de- 
sire. Though thou divide tb>Bm as small as dust^ yet thou 
canst not sa^sty all men equally : anci when thou hast divided 
all, thou wilt then be poor thyself. Are the riches of this 
middle-earth worthy of a man when no one can fully have 

Digitized by VjOOQ iC 


/ hie o)>epne j^ebon |to pa&blan. Pp»|>en^ nu iimma ^>lite ecyne 
eag ajQ to hii^Ttetio, Leopa' Co punbpianne. ppa ic par f hie* 

Sn}>Tp»^. jfir^^^ hiT^^ifS })nTinft ^»f pliter l>e ^n ]>Rm* Y^immnni 

Jut bif heopa neef eopne.^ PV i c eom fpil?ettoymetKce 
^fo ypmbpob hpi eop ^ince j^eepe unji^erc eabpi pl n xerceaire xob" 

betepe ]>oiine eopep agen job. hpi je fpa unjemetlice punbpi jen 

papa pmma. otS^e senijef ]»apa beablicena ^inja iSe jefceab- 

pijueffe n»fp. poptSam ^^mib nanum pyhte ^ejaaaoP^Xeeap* 

jiii:a» j^ je heopa jmnbpijen. feah JufiJIrobef jefp^apa pen. ne 

/ f mt hi no pi]> eop to metanne. }:op]7am )>e ot$ep tpeja oype hit 

nan job nif fop eop f elfe. d6^e 1>eah fop lytel job pif eo|> to 
J metanne. to yyipe pe hepep ia]?^ uj* j-elfe. ]>onne pe mape f 

hipa]i^ f }>e unbep urTj* on lipuin*' anpealbe. }>onne uf pelfe. 

o^tJe ^one Dpihten t5e uf jej-ceop. "^ uj- ealle ^a job popjeap . 
lSVp»}eji ^e nu hcijen^® F»jepu lonb; * 


§ I. DK anbppopobe f GOob faepe Dej-ceabpifnefpe ^ cpa&^. 

Ppi ne pceolbe me hcian ffi&jep lanb. hu ne if pa&t f e p»jepefta 
/^b»l Dobep jefceapta. je pull opt je^ajmaj" pmyltpe r». ;] 

eac punbpiaf faep phtep ]>»pe punnan aiib paep monanj eallpa 
^^fapa pteoppena. Da anb^popobe pe J^ipbom anb peo Irefceab- 

pipnep fam OOobe "3 |mp cpaep . pps&t behmp)> fe heopa paejep- 
^2,nefpe.^^ hpa&|?ep^^ in bunpefxilpan ^ heopa paejepnep pm pe. 

nepe nepe. hu ne papt pii *p pu heopa nanne ne jepophtept.^* ac 

jiEJ5u tilpan piUe. jil£ Ijobep. Ppa&j>ep ]?u nu pasy ppa blopt- 
iF^ ma&naifi&xni3 ; e on eaptpan p7elce fu hie jepcope. hp8&]7ep fu nu 

ppelcep auht p^can maeje, oStJe jepophtep habbe. nej^ nepe. 

ne bo }>u ppa.** hps&fep hit nu ^mej jepealbep pe ^ iT ham - 

tert ne ppa pehx on pa&ptmum. hu ne pat ic f hit ip no finep 

jepealbep. ppi eapt f u t5onne ona&leb mib ppa ibele jepean. otJtJe 
^ hpi lupapt t5u fa p] 

fm ajnu." penpt ; 

ajene*^ pien fa ^e heona axene^'* xecynb l>e t e< ^___ 

^^ nepe ne^e. mp hit no >e xecynbe f te fu m a^e. ne hinTi 
^jSr xebypbe "^ hi tSe pobien . ac fa heof encimban fmj f e pnt^^ je- 

"^ Boet. lib. ii. prosa 5. — Quid ni? Est enim, &c. 

» Bod. )>p»p. * Cott hi. » Cott. po. * Cott. >»m. » Cott. eopeji. 
• Cott. sob peb. ^ Cott. heppa«. « Cott. j> ma lupa«. » Cott. urpim. 
" Cott. haen. " Cott. jpaeSema'S. " Cott. to hiopa jrB&sepnerpa. " Bod. 
hp»p. 1* Cott. nan ne pophtep% i» Cott. no ppa. ^'^ Bod. pen J>ine 
get nu. " Cott. agnu. »» Cott. asnu. » Bod. Sebon. «> Cott. penban. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

§ I. BOBTHirrS. 


tbemp nor can thej enrich any man, unless they bring 
another to poverty. Does the beauty of gems attract your 
eyes to themj to^ wonder at them ? I know that they do so. 
iBut the excellence of the beauty which is in gems is theirs, 
not yours. Wherefore I am excessively astonished why the 
good of the irrational creature seems to you better than your 
own good : why ye so immoderately admire gems, or any of 

the insensible things which have not reason : for thev with 
MJustice can deserve that ye should admire them . Though 
tbey are God's creatures, tney are not to be compared with^ 

yoa. For either it is no good for yourselves, or at least for 
little good, compared with you. We too much despise our- 
selves when we love that which is beneath us, in our own 
power, more than ourselves, or the Lord who made us, and 
gave us all good things. Do fair lands delight thee P 


§ I. Thxit answered the Mind to Eeason, and said : Why 
should not fair land delight me P Is not that the fairest part 
of God's creatures ? Full often we rejoice at the serene sea, 
snd also admire the beauty of the sun, and of the moon, and 
of all the stars.. Then answered Wisdom and Beason to the 
Mind, and thus said : What belongs to thee of their, fairness ? 
Darest thou to boast that their fairness is thine P No, no. 
Boat thou not know that thou madest none of them P But 
if thou wilt glory, glory in God. Dost thou rejoice in the 
&ir blossoms of Easter, as if thou madest them ? Canst thou 
then make anything of this kind, or hast thou any part in the 
work P No, no. Do not thou so. Is it^through thy power 
that the harvest is so rich in fruits P Do not I know that it 
is not through thy power P Why art thou then inflamed with 
such vain glory P or why lovest thou external goods so im- 
moderately, as if they were thy own P Thinkest thou that 
fortune can cause to thee, that those things should be thy 
own, which their own natures have made loyeiy n to thee P 
No, no. It is not natural to thee that thou shouldest pos- 
sess them ; nor is it their nature, that they should follow thee. 
But heavenly things are natural to thee, not these earthly. 

Digitized by 



/ o^nbe, ntBf par eopjdican. Daf ec^JuhcaiLn&rtniiap pat^efoea- 
pene i^Cfiiyua< to anblip^e. ^ J>a poymlbf^ lyng (7^*"*^^^ 
.tM)tmrfice l?am.inopiMun l>c beo fenBaomum* x^ofe ^beo^ on- 

pihtpare itjanxemy pppaii to ^nfHir^ao b'ecrama]r opboft* lip 
«f ]m }>onne oi&^^^emet inabb«ii. pilk^.^ tSainyb^Jteappepitan piik. 

J^nne ip Jmc mete 3 fafk^oc y dk^p anfar tol to pf^elomn 

opsBfte f peke pu cunner "^i tie if jec^nbe 3, f tSeuf piht O) 
^ habbenDe. Ppdc pi«n^ ip tSfr f Jme: )iu ppliu;^ {Mffaianhpeajj- 
! bena jef ael)Mu opep ^em^.. T ionne hie iiafi^^ ne^ maasm n e Im 
y ^ebelpan . ne heopa relfpa. Qn fp]i^ lyrj^f > Ki<yR ViqBj;]> feo yw 

cynb_xenox> on f pa nudum Jieoiu&pJ^Seno^fpa pe »p>rpp8QC0B. 

^if fu heope mape fdieft. o])ep'tp0;^a.otiSe hi& Jie bepa]>. otit$e 
;?hit ];6 )>eah i mpynyu m bi)?. otitieim^etejft;^ otitiejjrpecenlic eail 

^ }>u nu. ofep jemet bejXL Ijir to nu.' ojcep ^am^Sj itiy:^ oj>]r 
/T bpmcrt . oSpe dafa J?e ma^on ha&jrt* 3^MUB_fiL Jwjije. feo 
// ocepinjT^ ) j£VuTi^ otteB-Jgo ranfi^ oj$tie tBw«ttan . off e~ to un^ 

^nirenum^^pe toT^lio. "'Ein^u nu pellJT f fee punbopEci 
/fr ^epela^ hpelc peopfmynb p«- tionne telle ic fa ^egpfm^b 
' 7 f a&mTpyphcan ye bie popbte. neej* na fe.® fe pypbta ij* Urob. 
i^fe&f cpe&p&icfsap.hepije on. ^Tenpc: fUifffkrpeomBn^io fmpa 

monna "pe m»^ bon sefa&L^ne:.nq'enepe;.ae'^p.bie'y]:ele pnc 
jZXtionne fint hie |» pIeolicpan jj»g]^ione|ai]^ia(i S^ ^"^ fonne te 

pascb. ^^ fop]iam ypelp fexnapneof fymle beopa^ldiqropbef pieaST 

Dip hi fonne ^be b€K>f y hlapopb holbe -j un&pipealbe faune 
itfbeof f fonne heopa ^b^.. nsq* f mcf . hu mhb fu fonne fe. 

a^ian heopfi ^ob* ^ip f u uu fasf ^ilppt: hu. ne S^lpft fu. fonne 

Keopa jobep. nsap f mep :.• 

§ 11.^ Nu. fe ip ^enoh opeolioe jeo^f eb^ f»t te* nan f apa 

/^ ^oba fianip. fe pe »p ygihfi^^ppJSfiQn* *} l'^ teohhobepc^^ f hi 

JOfme beon pcedban. Dip fonne fijje populbe plite "3 

pilmenne mp. hpaet mupcna)t; fu fonne »ptep;fam fe f u pp- 

lupcu o^ge -^to bponta gigit ; tiuf »r fe ]?u »n hssi bert.'^ jip hic 
^i^' pe^ep . ip. . f vr op hedpa jipium t ecviSe. n|gpi2|: JSiQum. heopa 

p»jep hit ip. nfiapfm. hp»t paBgnapc^^jm fonne heopa pwjepef. 
J^ hpa&t belimpV bir to fe. ne f uhit ne jepceope. ne hi fine axea s. 
W ne pent. Iltp hi nu jobe pmt 3 pa&ji^e. fonne- peepou hifj^ ge- 

"^ Boet. lib. ii. prosa 5; — Exqnibiis onmibusj &<;. 

1 Cott njcenuD. * Cott. hts^ neatnm. * Oott. map^eju * Cott 
unsetnpe. ^ Gott..cls|>e ma on hehft. * Cott. pyo n y f yy i^fc. 7 Cott 
ge pgnela. » Bod. >aw » Cott. neallep J>e. " Cott anb lytige >oime 
jStnTpe pliolicpan ii^eppincpilpan ha&jpb fonne ntifb. *> Cott tioh- 
hobep. " Cott. >»p haspTt. "Bod. pasnap. 

Digitized by 



§11.. BOBTiHXinGI. 43 

These ^arthlj. fimits me crested ibr therfood of caitte; and 
wM^dly jjchea are cieated for » apj gaito those meiL whoi are 
Eke cat&, tfaat i£^ yiciouft ana mS^Dperate; Tothoaey more- 
avar; tliey eome- oftenest. But? if thour wouldeiri). have the 
meaaore, and wonldest know what' ick needful ; then: is- it, 
meat and dnink; and dothea, and tools for such ocafit aathou 
knoweety ^which. is natural to thee^and: which, ia right for "thee 
ta-]^08BesB». What advantage is it to tbeOythatthoufi^ottldest 
desifle- these present goocb beyond. measun^ whfig;tb^2j2B&. 
neitheg help tJiee nor themselves ?. With v)^ little of them 
natoie; has- enough* Witht so much ^e has- enough, as we 
beforer mentioned. If thou givest her more, either it hurts 
thee, oB i^ at least is unpleasant to thee-, or inconvenient, or 
(laDgezous^ — idl that thou dost heyond measure. ! tf thy u 
beycmd measure^te8t|^^^|S^^^9^ ^^^^ more dothes on 
tiiee, than thou needeai^TtJbie supe^uity becomes to thee 
either • pain4 q]rloa|j^Hfi^ or inconvenienee^ ^r danp jer. ff 
thou thinkest tliai? wonderful apparel ifr any nonour, then 
aaeribe I the honour to the artificer who made it^ not to thee. 
The artificer is God, whose skill I therdn praise. Thinkest 
thou that the multitude of thy men can. make thee happy ? 
Ko, no. But if they ]|re wicked and deceitful, then, are Iniey 
more dangerous, and more troublesome to thee, had, than 
mat had : for wicked thanes are always their loid's< enemies. 
Bat if they are good, and faithful to their lord, and uncere, 
is not thaty then, their good, not thine P How canst thou, 
then, appropriate to thyself their goodi? If thou boastest 
of it, dost thou not boast of their good, not of thine P 

§ II. It ia now plainly enough shown to thee that none of 
those goods is thine. which we have already spoken about, and 
ttiou didst think should be. thine. If, then, the beauty and 
^ wealth of this world is not to be desired, why dost thou re- 
pine on account of what thou hast lo^ P or wherefore dost 
thou long for what thou formerly hadstP If it is fair, that 
is q£ their own nature, not of thine: it is their fairness, net 
ti)ine. Why then dost thou delight in. their fairness P what 
of it belongs to thee P Thou didst not make it, nor are they 
thine own. If they are good and fair, then were they so 
made; and such they would be, though thou never Mdst 

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44 BOXTHirrs. chap. xn.l 

/ fceapene. t nwlceh i polban beon ]>eah yu. hi n»):pe nahtejt. 

, renjT t5u y m a}>e beon py p jyyianlf eon.^ l>e hi to_pinjie noce^ 
ienbe pa&poiv Ac p op]>ani }>e heopa bypi^e men papia]>. *] bi 
^m '}>mca]> beope. popj^am pu hi ^abepapt 3 helt]t; on ))inuin 

.^hopbe. Ppa&t pdnajt; ^u]>onne f ]mhsebbe aat fpelcepe jefa&lij- 
nejje.^ Ijiehejr me nu ic hit ^e f ecje. n»pp: "Su psep nauht set 

^ buton ^^ Ini tilart* pa&ble tolFlionne. ^ pop fy 2»bepapt maju 
. y )K>nne }>u ]m pp e.^ Ac jo pat tSeah rjnpe ^eape ^ f te e^ f ic hq 

^pece iftW l>mum piUan. Ac eoppa ^ep selj^a ne pnc no f ji 
/^ pena}> pset hi pen. pop]>am pe fe micel meppe ^ ^ mirhc Mjf 

pile, he be]>eapp eac micleppultumep. 8e ealba cpibe ip ppi)>e p 

I>e mon jepypn cp»p. )>»t te fa*^ miclep be]mppon. )>e mi ci 
/I 9.pai pilla) >. ^ fa ]7uppon ppi)>elytlep. "pe majian ne plhiia]) )h)iiii 

jenojep. butan he pilnijen mib opepmje hiopa j^itpunja %( 
l^xyllaa, f hi nseipje ne ^ebop. Ic pat f g e pena}) f x/c gejniui 

[gecunbelice^^b ne ter«l^a on innan eop pelpim nabba] ?.^ pop 

pam je ki pecaf butan eop to ppembum^epceaptum. ppa hit 1 
/<f miphpeoppeb f pa&m men ^incp. peah he pe ^obcunbhcfr.j'^ 

pceabpip.. f he on him pelpum na&pEe^ raBlpa ^eno^e. buton h 
^^mape jejabepije J^apa unjepceabpipena ^^epcejta ponne h 

bepuppe. otJ^e binljtemetlic reo^ ^ p^ ungepceabppan neoteni? 
^ ne pilniaf nSiep ^ppept^f A'ijjt^inc^im :^enotjy pam pe ll 

/'/ bmnan heopa a& xenne ¥YbeJiabba|)^o eacan paS[l:obpe f e hii 
J^ecynbehc bip. ppa&t je ponne peaC hps&thj^a joDCunbhce 
^on eopeppe paule habbap. pa&t ip anbjit. *] jemynb. anb pe 

<>^rceahpip1inft jiljlii "IS hme papa tpeja Ijrpte. repe fonne pap 8pe 
na&p|?. ponhe i»F]> he hi] " ^^^ — ^^ ^ ""^ 

ha&p|?. )>onnen»pf he hip pceoppenbep onlTcheppe^ rpa pop)> 
ppa sene^ gepceapt p ypmert^'* mcej mepe rceppenbep onLcnepj 
habban. Ac je pecap ]>sepe hean ^ecynbe ^eps&lpa anb heop 
Jtf'peopppcipe to fam nipephcum "3 to t5am hpe openbhcum^^ pi 
J/ 5um. Ac je neonjitatJhu micelne teonan-je bopCobe eoppui 

pceppenbe. poppam pe he jyglbe paet te ealle men pa&pan ealg 
- '< ^pft^^ tercea^p t^l jpeal&anSraf . Acge unbep}>iobap eoyjie hehpta 

mebe mneppe imbep fa eallpa nj^pemeptan jepceapta. "^ mib pai 
35' j^e habbap J^ecypeb f x b a&it;ep eopnum at;num^bome g p J»Q 

eop pdpe pyppan p onne eopn€| j ji;ne^j eshta. nu xe penap yeopp 
S^TiBLviht^^ pdan pien eopjia jepaelfa. ^ teohhiap -p eall eopjii 

* Cott. a>y beopjian pen. « Bod. gelicnejTe. » Bod. lielep. * Col 
tiolapt. » Cott. fypj-e. « Cott. inmep]pe. ' Bod. j^ pa pe. • Cott. secytt 
belie. » Cott. nsBbben. " Cott. neat. " Cott. pop. " Bod. pipemejZ 
*' Bod. hpeopenbum. ^* Cott opeppa. " Cott eoppa asna. ^^ Cott nohr^ 

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\ 11. BOETHIUS. 15 

them. Thinkest thou that they are ever the more precious, 
because they were lent for thy use ? But, because foolish 
men admire them, and they to them seem precious, therefore 
thou gatherest and keepest them in thy hoard. How then 
dost thou hope to have happiness from anything of this sort p 
\ Believe me now, I say it unto thee, thou hast nought there- 
from, except that thou toilest to avoid poverty, and therefore 
gatherest more than thou needest. But neverthele ss I v ery 
well know, that all which I here 5£gak, la flnntrary k^ thy 
will. But your goods are not what ye think they are : for 
Ve *^ho desires to have much and various provision, needs 
also much help. The old saying is very true, which men for- 
merly said ; that those need much, who desire to possess 
much, and those need very little, who do not desire more 
than enough. But they hope by means of superfluity to 
satisfy theur greediness ; which they never do. I wot that 
ye think ye have no natural good or happiness within your- 
selves, because ye seek them without you, from external . 
creatures. So is it perverted, that man, though he is divinely 
rational^ thinks that he has not happiness enough in himself, 
unless he collects more of irrational creatures than he has 
need of, or than is suitable for him: whilst the irratiopg^ l* 
^tle are desirous of no other wealth , hutthink that suffi- 
oent for them, which they have wrthm^eir ^ ^n ^s l i iu ,, in 
addition to the f odder which is natural to them. Whatsoever, 
tben, though lllltle, ye have of divine in your soul, is the un- 
derstanding, and memory, and the rational will which delights 
in them both. He therefore who has these three, has his 
maker's likeness, as much as any creature can at all have its 
maker's likeness. But ye seek the happiness of the exalted 
nature, and its dignity, from low and penshable things. But 

J 6 understand notliow great injury ye do to God your creator, 
^or hg would that all men should be governors of all other 
creati5ea> But ye degrade your highest dignity below the 
meanest creatures of all : and thereby ye have shown that, 
according to your own judgment, ye make yourselves worse 
than your own possessions, now ye think that your false 
riches are your happiness, and are persuaded that all your 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 




/ fopuib %ob pen Sffppan^ ^ fdpe. fpa hit eac fy}l]> yomnep 

fpa pilla{> : • 

§ III.* D»r mennifcan Lpep j€C^b if ^ hi 1$J^ anon feon? 

b^open eallum o]»pum jefceapnim. t^y hi hie pelfe on^iton 
/hpsBt hie jenb. ^ ^ hfonan hi j-enb.* "^ fi hi fenb* pypf an ]70ime 

nytenu. ]>y hi nella^ pitan hpcet hi pnt. ot(^ hponan hi pnt. 

£^un neaitum if ^€cyiibe ^ hi nyton hpaet Mi fenb.^ Ac f if 
^ ]>apa monna Tip)>gaj> ])«t hi nyton hpa&t lue pen. Nu jfe if 

fpijw j^eotol p»t ^e beoj) on ^polan. ) Kmne Tepena)) «p »ni^ 


tOmm ^ mib pp»mbimi pelum beon ^epeopp pb. Eip hpa nu bif. 

nub hpeloum pelum ^epeoppob ^ mib hpelcum beoppyppam 

a&htum Texyp^pob.*^ hu nebehmpp pe peoppfcipe ^onne to pam 

]7e hiner^^s^SS^. peer if to hepionne hpene pihthcop. .N(^ 

t5»t ne beotS on py fce^eppe paet mib elkf hpam y peaob bif. 

// feah pa jgienu f »Spu P®^- J^ ^^ J^^b ypeng) big, gif l»t w 

/^ foeonbhc pa&f . ne bip hit on py peg^eppe. i ]^te j g j^ pfjj 3 y 

nan job ne bepap pam pe hit sii. Ppeet IJu paftnu^lc^n^ 

leoje. "3 eac papt pest pa pekm opt bepiap pam pe hie ajan 

menejum ]>mpmi. "^ on pam fpi^ft pa&t te men peoppat$ 

^/)upahapene pop pam pelan. -p c^ pe eallpa pyppepta^ fe 

unpeoppe]ft» mon penp f he fie eallef ^a&f pelan p^fe t5e oi 

piffe populbe if. tir he pirte^ hu he himTtocmnan mihte, Se 

micele pelan hsepp. he nim onbpsec mbnipie peonb.^ jip 

nane e»hta na&pbe. ne poppte he hnrf nanne^® onbp»bon. 1 

^Ji fu nu pa»pe pejpepenbe. "^ h»pbeft micdi jolb on J>e. "] 

^i^J^onne become on peop pceok.^^ ]H>nne ue penbcft pu pe^ 

'^ "ffeojigc PF^u *onne fpelcef iianjHiht na&pbeft. ponne 

teft iSn te nanpufat x^^bpsejMai. ac meaht<eft ]>e ^sn 

10 pone eaiban cpibe pe mo^ S^Fypii Tanj. fwt je ^acoba 

3i)pe|i^b him nanpute-jie/onbpebe. J^onne ^u ^onne o ppoTM^ 
i?»pe. ^ tSa ]ieopaf €e ppom jfepiten peepon. J^onuemihteft )m 
bipmepian pap anbpeapban pelan. 3 m&tept epejwn. 6ala fl^t 
T 30^ 1 pjnpum f mon micdne 'pekm age;^* mu pe ns&ppe ne 
SJtVfPP opr^PS ^® ^Jiie ynbeppehp:- 

* Boet. lib. ii. prosa ^—HumaneB quippe nattme, &c. 

^'GatL'biopjiaxk. « Cott. pe. ' Oott pien. « Cott pen. » Gbtt. pnifc 
« Cott. pien. . 7 Cotijkeapob. » Cott. pipre. » Cottjyirt). »• Cott. 
n»nne: " Cott. hop f colfc »« Cott. h»bbe. 

I pn^enb 

Digitized by 


§ in. BOSSHius. 47 

worldly goods areniiuperkw to youraelyes. So indeed it \\ 
when ye so will ! 

§ III. ^t is tfae^condition of ibe life of men, that tbey then 
oiil^are before all other creatuies, when thevthemselTes know 
whHt they are, and whence they are : and they are worse than 
cattle, when they will not know whafrthey are, or whence they 
are. It is ihe -nature of cattle that they know not what they 
are; but it is a feiilt in men, that tbey know not what they 
are. It is "therefore Tery ^lain to thee, that ye We in error, 
when ye ihink that any one can be made honourable by ex- 
tenol xiches. If any one is made honourable with any riches, 
and elbowed with any Taluable possessions, does not the 
hoQoiff then belong to that which makes him honourable P 
Tbt is to*be praised someWhat more rightly. That which is 
adorned with anything dse, is not therefore fairer, though 
the ornaments be fair, with which it is adorned. If it before 
waa vHe, it is not onithat account furer. ^Know thou, as- 
Bnied)3:^'th8t no good hurts hhn who possesses it. Thou 
ttSwest that I lie not to .thee, and also knowest that riches 
often hurt ihose 'who possess them, in many things : and in 
this chiefly, that men become eoUfbed up on accouut of riches, 
that fiequentlythe- worst man of all, and the most unworthy 
of all, 'thinks that, he is deserving of all the wealth which is 
in thisi worlS^ if he knew how he might arrivei at it. He who 
has great^cheBj^dreads manran enemy. If he had no pos- 
sessioBs, hewcnil^not need to dread any. If thou wert 
travelling, and hadst mnch gold about thee, -and thou then 
Aouldest meet with a g^pg o^ thieves, then wouldest not 
teou be anxious I j or thy ifle r If th6il liadst noUiijig.Qf this 
idad, l^ien »thou wouldest not need to dread anything, but 
m%hteBt.go fiiaging tbe^^dadaggjvhich men farmesly sung, 
thid; the .^ked traveller fears nothing. When thou idien wert 
aafe, and tihe l^hieves were.departasd £om thee, then mightest 
thea aeoff .at^theae present nches, and mightest say, O, how 
good and pleasant it iv, that any one should possess great 
Vfialtl^, aineelie who obtains it isi ne^eT secure ! 




/ ^DS reo Eefceabpifnej t$a fif fpell afsebha&pbe.^a on^an heo 

pnjan ^ Juj* cpa&]>. 6ala hu ^efaelij reo'jipopme'felb paf fijpef 

mibban ^eapbef . ]>a »lcum men J^ulite ^eno^ on paepe eop])aii 

pB&rcmum. Na&non ]>€ pelije hamaf . ne qiiftliee j;£^[iewa[. 

.i^ne'jbpmcar. nef teiopyyp]>pa h pa&xia hi ne ^ipnban. foppiam hi J* 

5 jTit na&pan. ne hio nanpuhc ne jefapon. ne ne ^ehepbon. Ne 

•Jgembon hie naner ffypenlurter. buton fpife ^emethce J>a j 

%'cynb beeoban. eald|j2§S ^ a&tin »ne on baftj. anb -p psBf 

a&fennef . Tpeopa p»jTmaf hi »ton j pypta. nallef fcip pm hi 
/^ ne bpuncan. ne nanne ja&tan hi ne cuf on pi's hunixe menj ^m 

j^ehepbe non mon ]>a ^et nanne fciphepe. ne pijipon ymbe nan 

/j pepeoht fppecan. ne feo eopfe fa jec bejinicen mib ojrj-lejenefi 

Imonnef blobe. ne mon piptSum ^epunbob. ne monn ne ^ej'eah( 

t5a ^et ypel pillenbe men. nsenne peopff cipe naep bon. ne hi tion 

mon ne lupibe. €ala f upe tiba nu ne mihtan peoptSan fpilce. 

Ac^nu manna Jitfunj ij* ppa bypnenbe, fptf ^ jfgi on fwpj 

/^hellei f e6 if on Jam mtmte tJet^cne hatte. A)n l>anitiet lanbj 

J>e 8iciha hatte. fe munt bitS pmle fpejle bipnenbe. yealla ]n 

neah jropa f»p ymbucan jfopbaepntS. 6ala hp»c reffopma 

jiCf epe p»pe. ^ aepeft J)a eopfan onjan belpan »ptep ^qlbe. 

^ »pcep pmmum. "^ fajg ^cnan'^eopi^pjmer^ j jinbfe, tSe 'a&R 

^^ehyb psef 3 behelob mib Ss&pe eopfan ;• 


§ I. DS fe l^ifbom fa f if leot$ apinjen h»pbe. fa on^an he 
ept fpellian 3 f uf cpssip. Ppa&t ms&j ic t$e nu mape pec^an be^ 
fam peopffcipe 3 be t$an anpealbe f iffe populbe. pop fam 
anpealbe je eop polbon ahebban up o^ tJone heopen. jip je 

J^mihton.^ ^ if popfam fe je ne ^emunon ne eac ne onjits^ 
f one heoponcunban anpealb 3 f one peopf f cipe f e if eopep ajenj 
3 fonan je comon.* hp»t fe eopep pela fonne 3 pe eopqv 
anpealb fe je nu peopffcipe hatatJ. jip he becymf co fanij 
eallpa pyppeptan men. 5 to Cam f e hif ealpa unpeopfoft bif .i 

^fpa he nu b^"co f if ilcan Deobpice. 3 eac* .^ to NepOnd 

7 Boet. lib. ii. metram 5. — Felix nimiam prior astas, ftc 
■ Boet. lib. ii prosa 6. — Quid autem de dignitatibiiB, &c 
j^ > Cott meahten. ' Bod. noman. ' Cott iil 

^ Digitized by Google 



When Beason had made this speech, she began to sing, 
and thus said : 0, how happy was the first age of this middle- 
earth, when to every man there seemed enough in the fruits 
of the earth ! There were not then splendid houses, nop • 
Ysrious sweetmeats nor drinks ; nor were they desirous of } 
costly apparel, for they as yet were not, nor did they see op : 
hear anything of them. They cared not fcfr any luxury, but 
I Tery temperately followed nature. They always ate once inr"^ 
the day, and that was in the evening. They ate the fruits of. 
trees, and herbs. They drank no pure wine, nor knew they ' 
how to mix any-liquor with honey, nor cared they for silken 
^aent s of various colours. They always slept out in the 
ghade of trees, l^hev drank the water of the clear springs. 
S-O merchanj; visite^sland ^or coast, nor did any man as yet . 
fc of any ship-army, nor even the mention of any war. - The ' 
earth was not yet polluted with the blood of slain men, nor 
TO any one even wounded. They did not as yet look upon 
eTil-minded men. Such had no honour ; nor did any man 
love them. Alas, that our times cannot now become such ! 
But now the covetousness of men is as bumina as the fire in 
^ bell, which is in the mountain that is called i£tnl(| in the 
i^and that is called Sicily. The mountain is always burning 
^th brimstone, and burns up all the near places thereabout. 
^las, what was the first avaricious man, who first began to 
dig the earth after gold, and after gems, and found the dan- 
gerous treasure, which before was hid and covered with the 


§1. "Whew Wisdom had sung this lay, then began ho 
^in to speak, and thus said : What more can I say to thee, 
concerning the dignity and concerning the power of this 
World ? For power ye would raise yourselves up to heaven, 
^ye were able. This is, because ye do not remember, nor 
^derstand, the heavenly power ana the dignity which is youp 
^wn, and whence ye came. What, then, with regard to jroup 
wealth, and your power, which ye now call dignity, if it 
should come to the worst men of all. and to him that of all 
w unworthiest of it, as it lately did*to this same Theodoric, 


Digitized by VjOOQ iC 


/ ])am !Carene . ^ opt eac to mane^um heopa gdicum.J?u. ne ph 
he fonne bon jrpa fpa hy bybjon ;) jic bof. ealle^ l?a nuni }>e him 
unbe}vbeoi$ o^e'apep on neapefce pnpf^y-^" i pplieneaan m 

< iy» Fypcf ^2 ^^^ bpyne^ h»1) gelb . o^bfr eftr p epyyiiiBBfea jp ^ 
^ tSone muiitjb»pD}>,t$e pe ha&al>TiEtiie/^re ]i on ]>am ealoBb; 

SiciLa. nnl^ejogalice liam mi^ ftla" f1^>^ ^^ ^u onNoep bapin 
psBf . Icpenepnt.^u maa^ gemunan "p te eoppe feolbjiMi y»^ 
Romana jntam on Topcpmef bapun Juef opspmoban oymnji?. 
pop hir opepmettium. t5on6 cynelican naman op Home bypQ 
— ^0 aBnertf^ libYbon. Onb ept j^ ilpe ^a hepetohan* . J>e ^* aji 

< ntabpipon. . hi polbon ejx utabju^A pop hiopa ofsepmettnim. M 
- --** hi ne mihtan. pop}>am ]>6 pe »ptQppe anpealb Jiapa h^ieco^cna 

/J^])am Romanipcom pitum pt pypp hoobe ]>onn6 p e teppa 6a]ia 
cyninja. Etip hit iSonne aapjie jepuppc^ppa hzfc ^I'Se.relban^ X» 

/ Syimp. ps&t f e anpealb "3 p e peop]7pcipe becume to jobum mtt 

( anb to}i t5»ji fonne bcpypfcLbuton hip job J 

hip peopfpxjipe. fasp joban cyningep. nap 8»p anpealbep. pop]»9 

t$e pe anpealb ns&pjie ne hip S^b.^ buton pe job^ pe ]?e hutf 

ha&bbe. J)^ hit bif. t5»p monnep job.® nap^^ "Sa&p anpealbep, jip |» 

^/). anpealb job" bif. pop}>axh hit bi^. ps&t te nan man pop hip, j Mf 

iptum ] tojoiebengineppe. Ac top. 

3 pop hip mebumneppe he cvm}? to pice •] to an} 
hip nan^montpop hip anpealbe na pe betepe. ac po] 
turn <h e beolj xob^' if he job^^ bif. j pop hipjcpflgjj 

J/anpealbep peop]«. jip he hip peopjte bi)). Leopm&pi ppJ«V; 
Tipbom. J ]^onne je hine jeleopnob ha& pophogut]^* 

, "^hine ]xume. Donne pecje ic eop buton aslcumj cpeon , f-p\ 

' majon )niph. hine becuman to anpealbe. peaIR je no pof 

anpQalbep ne pilnijan. Ne J>uppon je no hojian^* on ^am 

JO anpealbe. ne him »ptep fpmjan. jip je pipe bif •] jobe.' he pil« 
poljian eop. feah je hip no ne jnlnian. Ac peje me nu hp«6 
eopep beoppypbepta pela j anpealb pie. pe je ppif opt ^ptiaj^. Ic 
par^eah fc&t hif ip fip anbpeapba lip 1 l>er 1bpopnienbaL pela lw 
pe 8Bp ymbe ppiBcon : • 

JJ^ 5 n.* * 6aa h pa &)?ep j jejftetelican^* men on^iton hpeic pe peb 

Jl^pie. ;3 pe anpealb. 'jfa popnlb jep»lj)a.^^ Sapmt eoppe hle^popbaf 

• Boeti lib. ii. RioBa.6.— JSonne^ o teirena ftnimalia, &c. . . 

» Bod. eall. ' Cott leg be«.bpisne. » Cott ealbpadmo. * Cott 
Bine. »'Cott; pelbon. «Cott.saob. ^ c^tt. soob. ' « Bod. Jwah- 
•Cott^soob. >»'Cott.ii»r. "Cott. goob. "Cott. soob. "Cott. 
Soob; M Cott: pofihycsa^ " Gott honsxan. »• Cott netenhcan. 

Digitized by 



tmd also itanaa d f to ISexc/^iAie Csoaac, ancL moreoYer fre- 

[onentlj to mao^ like them p Will he not then do as tbey 

^ did, and sidll do £ al&y and destroy all the rich who axe under, 

{QT anywheoe near him, as the flame of fire doea the dry heath 

?Md, oras^taie burning brimstone burnet h the mauntain < 

^w MLWecainStnaf w hich is in the island of Sicily? y&c^^ ^^ml^iafui ^ 

<Bb to the greafe flood which was formeriyin Noah's daysf; *^ ^^^ 

Itiunk that thouimayert remember that yourrancient Soman 

'floiatonrfQnmeriyi in the days of Tarquin the proud king, on 

account of his anaogance firsi banished, the. kiog^y name from 

tiie dty of Eamei. ^d) again, in like manner,, the oonauls 

who had driren.them outj.these they were afterwards desirous 

to eipel on acoaunt of their arrogance (but tiiey oould not) ; 

I)eeaii8e the latte^go^eruraent of the consuls stall less pleased 

the Boman.sen&toiB^. than, the former one of tiie kings. If, 

however^ it at any time happens, as- it. yerj seldom does 

l^ppen, that power and. dignity come to. good men and. to 

*ffle; wiiatis- there then worl^y of- esteem, eamept the good 

ttd the dignity of him, the good king, not. of tiie power? 

|oc power nevecis good unless he is good who. possesses it. 

I jftewfoie i£ power .'be good,, it ia the good of the man,, not of 

«B power. BJenpe it is^.that nft mftTi hy hiamithriritg^mfta 

fe ^MiU£«- andto merit: but by his virtn^ and by his merit, 
■ " r. TTherefc * ^ 

p-r^ Ses to anthority and to power. Therefore is no. man for 
*» power the befctecl but for his virfeu^ he is^good, if he be 
fi^d:: and fbop hifl virtues he is deserving of. power, if he be 
**rviiig of it.. Learn, therefore,, wisdom;' and wdien ye 
^fe learned it^doiuot then despise it. Then I say to you, 
Jtliout all doubt, that ye may through it arriTe at power, 
woQgh ye be not desirous of poweR ¥e need .not be anxious 
*^power, noB press after it. If ye are wise. and.gpDod, it will 
^owyou, though ye ace not desirous of it. But tell me now, 
Jhat ig youi* moat valuable wealth and poweE, most 
^^ ? Lknow, however, that itiji^is present life, and this 
^bing wealth). which we befare^we about 

§ IL 0, ye bea^ikemen, do ye know what wealth is, and 
power,, and; worldly goods.? They are your, lords and: your 

• Digitized by VjOOQ iC 


/ -J eome [fe9!Lb«ab9T . n»f ge heopa. Ijif ge nu jefapen hpelce 
. muf ^»t pSJieTEfaf opb ojrep ofpe mjx« 1 r®^® ^"^ ^omaf. 1 

nibbe' hie agptep ^^apole . hu punbepbc polbe eop fa&c l^mcaii. 

iipelce^-cehhettun^e ^e polbpn p»f habban. anb mib hWcum 

/ hleahtpe ^e polbon beon ajrypeb. hu mide mape ip fonae faftf 

\]\ monnef hchoma to metenne pitS jj OOob. fonne feo xnuf pif 

fone mon. ppasc je )>oiine maton eape jepencan. jif ge hit; je- 
^ opne ymbe pnea^an pillaf i |a&ftenrpyman, '^ nanpe puhte 

hcho ma ne beotS ponne^ tebeppajonne^ Jayf monner. iJam* 
/^ mc^bn bepTaii'pa IsBrcan fleojan. ] ta^,»ttap mib fpife 

l yclum rticelum hi m^^iaj?. ;) eac pa rmalan pypma^, pa tSone 

, /2 mon 56 mnan je utJoni penbgp.^ ^ hpilum pumean beabne je- 

V, ' /fjbotJ. ge pippum^ *t?eor lytletto^pe hme hpdum beabne ;^ebe]^. ^ 

■ \ y, rplca puhta him fcepiap ae^pep je mnan je ucon. Un hjm^ 

/i'mae^ »mj~lllah oppum bepian baton on hip hchoman. ot$^ 

ept on heopa pelum. pe ^e hatap ^ef s&lpa. ne nan mon ne mac; 

\ \ I pam jef ceabpif an GDobe jebepian. ne him jebon f hit ne yie f 

V ^ hit bip.* Past ^ If rpipe jjeotol to onptanne be ruimun 

. Romanircump&t^elinxej j-e pa&f haten Libepiur.^ je pap to 

^0 manejum pitum jepopht. poppam pe he nolbe melbian on hij; 

^epepan pe mib him jiepebon^ ymbe pone cynin^ pe hie s&jl 

mib~unpihte ^eponnen haepbe/ pa he pa bepopan pone ^aman 

cjninj; jela&b pa&f. '} he_hme het recxaa hpa&t hir ^epepan 
^^ pa&non pe mib him yiJbe fiepebon.^ pa ^opceap he mr axene 
^iJ'^Qj^. anb peajig^hine ?>aBp mib on t$a&t neb popan. poppam 

hit ^epeaptS ■pSam pifan men com to lope anb to pyp'8pcipe f 
Zy fe unpihtpifa cynmj him teohhobe® to pite. Ppa&t if fi pe ma 
/ f a&nij; man maeje oppum bon. pat he ne mae^e him bon f 

uce. 3 pY he ne ma&j. opep man ma^^. ]7e leopnoSon eac be 
JO pam pa&lhpeopan Bippibem. pe paef on iE^iptum. paef leob- 
. hatan ^epuna pap ' p he jpolbe a&lcnejbuman ppipe aphce 
/,;' \mbeppon. ^ p pipe fpa eiJicerpip yba&pan ponneTi^him a&peft 

to com. Ac^pt aep he him ppom cepbe. he pceolbe beon op- 

rlesen. ] - - - . 

J^pa polbe 

a&p bybe, ._., ^ ^ , 

peapp he ptpenjpa ;3 abpencte hine. ppiiSe pyhte be XfObef 

bome. ppa ppa he mani^ne otJepne aep bjib e . ppa&t eac Rejuluf. 
^ pe popema&pa hepeto^a. tSa he peaht piiJjSjrpicanaf . he ha&pbe 

> Cott. nebbe. * Cott. bg&fcte . « Cott. irmba^. * Cott. hic pe 
|>»c |>8Bt hit ne bi«. « Cott. Tibepiuf. MjotTjipebon. . ^ Bod. 
h»pbon. ■ Cott. hme pypebon. » Cott. tiohhobe. »® CottT ^ebepebe . 


by Google 

§n. BOETHIITB. 53 

nlers, not je theirs ! If je now saw some mouse that was 
lord over other mice, and set them judgments, and subjecte d 
tbem to tribute, how wonderful would ye think it 1 What 
worn would ye have, and with what laughter would ye be 
moved ! How much greater, then, is man's body, compared 
with the mind, than the mouse compared with the man? 
Indeed, ye may easily conceive, if ye will carefully consider 
and examine it, that no cre?.ture'a body is more tender than 
sum's. The least flies can injure it : and the gnats with very 
Httle stings hurt it : and also the small worms which corrupt 
the man both inwardly and outwardly, and sometimes make 
Him almost dead. Moteover'^ the little flea sometimes fefts 
fa. Such things injure him both inwardly and outwardly. 
Wherein can any mau injure another, except in his body? 
or again in their riches, which ye call goods ? No mail can 

S* ' re the rational mind, or cause it that it should not be 
t it is. Thifi is very evidently to be known by a certain 
Boman nobleman, who was called Liberius. He was jjut to 
many torments l)ecause he would not inform against his as- 
Bociatefl^ who conspired with him against the king who had 
^th injustice conquered them. When he was led before the 
enraged king, and he commanded him to say who were his 
associates who had conspired with him, then bit he off his 
own tongue, and immediately cast it beforcf the face of the 
krant. Hence it happened that, to thoswise man, that was 
we cause of praise and honour, which the unjust king ap- 
: pointed to him for punishment. . What is it, moreover, that 
\ ^7 Odan can do to another, which he may not do to him in 
like manner ? and if he may not, another man may. We 
luve learned also incoming the cruel Busiris, who was in 
%pt. This tyrant's custom was, that he would very honour- 
ably receive every stranger, and behave very courfeeeuslyto 
kirn when first he came. But afterwards, beford-he departed 
from him, he-wwdd be slain. And theH^it-talppened that 
Hercules, the son of Jove, came to him. Then would he do 
to him, as he had done to many a stranger before : he would 
iown him in the river which is called Nile. Then was he 
atronger, and drowned him, very justly by God's judgment, 
«8 he many anothef Ijrfore had done ! So also, Eegulus, the 
illustrious consul I When he fought against the Africans, he 

Digitized by 



!p]iicanar. tJa he hi )« 

bmban ^ on bak SB. 
^ ^^ 'he )^eap]i jebunfeen mib 

Jr lupa pacentum. Vymt pen rt guj^onne hpaet jobef je^ anpealb 

/* fie. j^onne he on nane pifan hir, atne] Jr.|i»|tigf ne maej pop- 
bu2;an ^ he fesc ilce ypel ne ^ej^ap^e ofpum monnum. j>e^ he 
Sep o])pum bjrbe. hu ne ip pe anpealb J^onne ]?8&p nauht : • 

§ III.^ Pp8&t<p6npt fn. ^ip pe peop]>foipe ^ pe anpealb apief 
"Soncep job p»pe anb hip pelpep anpealb hs&pbe. hp»t$ep he 

fil polbe |?ain[poncu|>ertum mannimipobian ppa he nu hpiluni'* be^. 
Pu ne papt J>u f hit nip nauht jecynbe ne nanht jepimelic f 
»ni5 pi]wppeapb t5mj bion jemenjeb pij? otSpum pij>eppeapbum. 
otSSe wnije jepeppaebenne pitJ habban. Ac peo jecynb hit 
onpcTinatJ faat hie* majon peop]>an tojs&bepe jemenjeb. ]>e ma' 

/ff}e fast 250b7 -^ j,aftt ypel majon setjabepe bion. Nu "Se ip j^^ 
openlice jecyj^eb f J>ip anbpeapfee pice, anb pap populb jepaeljm. 
;] pep anpealb op heopa^ a^um gecynbe *] heopa ajnep ^e- 
pealbep nauht jobe netj^igois. ne hiopa pelppa nanne anpealb 

/p nabbatS. ni/ hi pillay cLnfen^ on lyeem yynrtan mnnm^Tn -| hffli 

jg^gepapap past ki biot> neopa hlapopbap. Nip tJoap nu nan ^tgeo. f 
Ott ^a^^ eallp nipnpmjiflfmyi man n^jm^f^.iznfa m nnp ftRth e ^ tO^ 
^am peop|?rcipe . Eip pe anpealb J?onne op hip ajenpe jecynbe 3 
op hip ajenep jepealbep 50b pa&pe. ne unbeppenje he naeppe y& 
ypelan ac fa joban. Baep ilcan ip to penanne to eallum "Sam 
^^jepa&Kum f e peo pypb bpenjtS f ipfep anbpeapban lipep je on 
jCpaeptum je on a&htum. popfam hie hpilum'becumat5 to pasm 
TOpcufeptum. Ppe&t pe jenog S^^pne piton tJaet 'nannfijaiQn 

^ Sfcep ne tpeoj> ^t pe peo" ptponj on hip ma&jene. t^e mon je- 
pht5 ^aet fgionglicLfeopc p;^ct$. Ne fonne ma. pvhe hpaet 

J^bitJ. ne tpeoj? naenne mon 'p he hpaftt ne rie. Spa ^ ^ tj^ ^ eacpe 
bpeama cpaept^ pe mon- bif bpcMnq ^. *] rejiaace cn»ft fast he 

Jl hip l»cei T p eo nacu bgg ^^ ' t>lie bi]?]neccene. 8iyai)e^ eac re ge- 
cynba cpeept aelcum mto. f *p Xotf ne m»5 beon pit$ "p ypel 
jemengeb. ne f ^ei pitS -p 50b. ^eah he butu on anrnn men 

J^pen. feah'bip aes^pep him on punbpon. f %ecipab nyle na&ppe 
Jv nanpuht pifeppeapbep laetan j^men^n. popfam heopa 8Bj)rep 

t}* Boet. lib, ii. prosa 6.-^Ad haec, si ipsis dignitatibiu, &c. 
> Cott. leogan. 2 Bod. pe Lober- « Cott. i>a5C. * Bod. hpilcum. 
« Bod. hi. AGott. |>oii ma. » Cott. goob. « Cott. J>8ap anpealbep 
hiopa. ^'Cotwtiiomii. i<>^od. or J«in. n Cott. tie. » Cott. in»S- 
'» Cott. Sebe^./ '^ 

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§ in* BOSTHIT76. 55 

obtained an almost indescribable victory over tbe Africans. 
When he Jiad grievously slain them, he gave order to bind 
them, and lay them in heaps. Then happened it very soon, 
that he was bound witb their fetters. What thinkest thou, 
then? What good is power, when he who possesses it, can 
in no wise, by his Qg n strengtl^ avoid suffering from other 
men tiie same evil which be oSore did to others ? Is not, 
then, power :in that case naught P 

§ III. Whatthinkest thouP If dignity and power were 
good of its own nature, and had power of itself, would it 
follow the most wicked men, a& it now sometimes doth.? 
Dost thou not know, that it is neither natural nor usual, that 
any contrary thing should be mixed with other contrary, or 
have any fellowship therewith ? But nature refuses it that 
th^ should be mixed together; still more that good and evil 
should be together. Hence it is very manifestly shown to 
thee, that this present authority, and these worldly goods, 
and this power, are not good of their awn nature, and of their 
omef&;acy,'nor have any power of themselves :' since they 
a igWnliafwto cleave to the worst men, and permit them to be 
then* lords. There is not indeed any (ioubt of -this, that often 
the most wicked men of all come to. power and to dignity. 
If power, ihen, were good of its own nature, and of its own 
efficacy, it never would be subservient to the evil, but to the 
good. The Bame is to be thought with regard to all the goods 
which fortune brings in this present life, both of talents and 
poBseflsiQns : &r they sometimes come to the most wicked. 
We very well know that no man doubt-s of this, that he is 
powerfid ip his strength, who is seen to perform kborious 
work : any more than if he be anything, any one doubts that 
! he ifl so. Thiffl the art of music cau ses the man to be a 
musician, and me dical knowledge to be a physician, and 
rhetoric c auses mm to be a rhetorician. In like manner 
also the nature of things causes to every man that good 
Cttmot be mixed with evil, nor evil with good. Though they 
Jtte both in one man, jefia each in him separately. Nature 
will never suffer anything contrary to mix, for each of them 
ejects the other, and each will be what it is. Eiches cannot 

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/ onfCunatS o]>ep. anb s&Spep pile beon f "^ hit bi]). nemge^ ye 
pela jebon ^ fe Jitfepe ne pe jitfepe. ne }» gpunbleaprngs- 

j? pin^a geryllaii. ne j- e anpealb ne mast xeboiTEif pealfeen^TpSaJ- 
6enbne.y u ]>6mie nu 8Bic xerceait; onrcunab t? ^ hine pilyep- 

, f peanb b i^. anb j'pi'8 jeopne tiola^ f hit him y ppom apcupe. 

■| lipelce cpa rjnb fonne pifeppeapbpan betpuh him ponne ^ob ;j 

1 ;ypel. tie pflnppa, g hi nasppe to pomne feep^b. Be pa&m pa miht 
onjitan. jip f a jefa&Ka ^ipej- anbpSp5«m hpef puph hie pelpe 
heopa felppa gepealb ahton. ^ of heona a^num jecynbe ^obe 

jo pa&pon. ponne polbon hi pmle on tSamf chpanJ "Se him job nub 

. pophte. nal»f^ ^el. Ac paep f ap hi jobe beotJ. ponne beotJ hi 

{uph peer joban monnep ^ob jobe pe him job mib pypcf. 3 fe 
1^ fuph fiob job. Irif hine ponne ypel mon ha&pp. ponne bif 
he ypel t$uph J^aep monnep yf el pe lum ypel mib bej>. "3 puph 
iSbeofel,^ Ppset jobej- ip fe pela ponne. ponne he ne maa^, Ja 
' jpunbleapan jitpmja apyllan t??LS9^?P^r« ^^^^ F® aapealb. 

tonne he ne ma&j fiip p*eal6enb pealbenbne jebon. Ac hine je- 
inbap p a pon pilnnnxa* mib heopa unabmbenbhcum pacentum* 
Cfah mon nu yjrelum men anpealS^pelTe. ne' jebe^ pe anpeidb 
ne jobne ne meobumne.^ jip he a&p ne&p. ac jeopenatS hip 
;ypel.'jip he »p ypel paep. '^ jebetS hit }>onne ppeotol. jip hit ap 
naep. pop}i^ )?eah he a&p ypel polbe. f onne nypte he hu he hit 
'f ppa pulhce xecypbe. ^ aep he pullne anpealb ha&pbe. Daet jepypj? 
popfam bypje ])e je paejniaj? J^aet je motony pceppan pone^ 
^«f naman. hatan f pa&lpa f nane ne beo^. *] paet mebumnep ne 
beof.® poppam hi jecyt$at$ on heopa enbunje ponne hie enbi&f. 
f hie nappep ne bio^. poppaem nappep ne pe pela.^ ne pe anpealb. 
ne pe peopfpcipe ne beop to penanne f hit peo pofe jepael)> pie. 
ppa hit ip nu hpaetSopt to pecjanne be eallum pa&m popnlb je- 
JO paelpum^^ pe reo pvnb J^Lenx^>. f J^aep nan puht on nip )>8ep to 
pilnianne peo.' f6pfam be W/T nan puht jecynbelicep jobep on 
nip tSaep tSe op hun cume.^jj ip on pam ppeotol,^ hi hie pimle to 
<lhfiSam jobimi n^^eoba^ ne tJa J^relan jobe ne jebotSj^^e hi hie 
fnj <foftoptt«fe«eobap:- ^ 

J^ § lY.^Da. pe |7ipbom j>a pip ppelLpup apeht^^ h8BFbe.''fa 
he ectry bbi ^ an ^ f up cpaaraTPpaBt pe piton hpelcc 

« Boet. lib. ii. metrum 6. — ^Novimus quantas declerit, &c. 

1 Cott. deopan. * Cott, nallef . • CottTbiojniL * Cott pelnusa. 
* Cott. meSornneT * Bod. acv^be. ' Cott. pone. • Cott. nane "P nan 
mebomnef ne bi^. ^ Bod.^ hie nap)>ep ne j-e pela. " Cott. j*»l>um. 
t_ " Cott. apeahfc. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



cause tbe miser not to be tf miser, or satisfy his boundless 
desires, nor can authority make its possessor powerful. Since, 
then, every creature avoids that which is contrary to it, and 
very earnestly endeavours to repel it, what two things are 
more contrary to each other than good and evil ? They are 
never united together. Hence thou mayeat understand, that 
if the goods of this presei^t life through themselves, had power 
of themselves, and were in their own nature good, then would 
tbey always cleave to him who did good with them, not evil. 
But wheresoever they are good, they are good through the 
good of the good man, who works good with them, and he is 
good through God. If, then, an evil man has it, it is evil 
through the man's evil, who doth evil with it, and through 
the devil. What good is wealth, then, when it cannot satisfy 
the boundless desires of the miser ? or power, when it cannot 
make its possessor powerful, but the wicked passions bind 
him, with their indissoluble chains ! Though any one give 
to any evil man power, the power does not make him good 
nor meritorious, il* lie before were not : but exposes his evil, 
if he before were evil, and makes it then manifest, if it before 
were not. For though he formerly desired evil, he then knew 
iiot how he might so fully show it, before he had full power. 
It is through folly that ye are pleased, because ye can m ake^ 
a name, and call that happiness which is none, andl that merit 
which is none: for they show by their ending, when they 
come to an end, that neither wealth, n.qp power, nor dignity, 
is to be considered as the true happiness. So is it most as- 
suredly to be said concerning all the worldly goods that 
ifortune brings ; that there is nothing therein which is to be 
demred, because there is nothing ^herein of natural good 
which comes from themselves. THJTTs evident from hence, 
''that they do not always join themselves to the good, nor 
^ make the evil good, to whom they most frequently join them- 
» selves. T 

§ IV. When Wisdom had thus made this speech, then 
began he again to singfand thus said : We know what cruel- 

Digitized by VjOOQ iC 


/ pflBlhpiojmejTB. •] hpilce hp^Tiar- hpilce unpihthasmebu. "^ hpilc 
man. "3 hpilce apleapieff e j-e unpihtpifa Eaf epe N epon jifl^phte. 
f e hec »c fumum cyppe^opbaepnan ealle Romebuph on anne 
ptS aejrtep ^e&pe bifene fe 510 Tpojia bup^ bapn. hme Ijrte eac 

3 S^pon hu feo bupne. ^ hu lanje. ^ hu leohte be ]>»pe of eppe. 

f^ ejrt he hec opflean ealle l>a pi|-e]-t;an pitan Homana. je pup- 
fon hif a^ene mobop. ^ hip a^ene bpofeep. je pup15on hip agen 

p pip he opfloj mib ppeopbe. •] pop tJyllecum nc&r hefiiapuht xe- 
unnotrob . Ac ptep Yj bhfpa ^"{ tagenobe |>ag p7 Onb ]?eahl5eEpuh 

/^"S^llecum unjuJteum naep him^o^JyTsep" unbeptSeob eall }>er 

// mi bban i j ^eapKf^nm eaptsep e apbum ot peptepeap bne^ anb epC 
ypom tpu jyepeapb um otJ nopf epeapbne^ eallj ffi^psBr on hip 
> ^pealbe) ^ p^enrt fu^ pe ^obcunba anpealb ne mihte apyppan 

/'^ibone anpealb famunpihtpipan Kapepe. anb him fa&pe puhhunje 

/^efteopan. ^ip heypolbe Tpipela ^epe . ic pat -p he mihce jip he 

libbenbe p»pon on eopt$an. 3 hu opt hip ppeopb p»pe 

on unpcylbipim blobe. pu ne pap J)»p jenoj ppeotol f 

alb hip a^^enep Soncep 50b naep. fa pe ^ob naep fe he Co 


DS pe dipbom fa f ip leof^ apun^en hsepbe. t$a z eppq^obe^ he. 

•^ fa anbppcmebe fiast COob anb fup cpssf . 6ala iSepceabpipnep. 
IB hpsBt tSu part -p >me nappe peo gicpun^ ;) peo xemaBXl> tJippep 

eopt^hcan afapeal|bpj-tpon4Pel ne hcobe. ne ic eaJlep pojyijate ne 
^^jipnbe f ipf ep eopf ncatikji;cep. buton la^ ic pilnobe f eah anb- 

peopcep to fam peopee ffe^^me beboben pap to pypcamie. ^ pap 
"^•f ic unppaeobhce^ *] gepipenlH^e mihte E08*4lfi5Lj pcccan fane 

anpealb fe me'bepapt ps&p. Ppac Su papt ^ nan men ne maag 

nB&mietc n»| t cy^an. ne naenneS a np ei BJb Tiecoan »ne ptiopan 
.^^ fittan^ toEini^'i anbpeopce. "p bi6 ^cep icpagirtBr anbyaoTic $ 

mon goner ^gia^isj Lmton^ pypcan ne maej. 'gjbij) f onne cy 
5Zaiibj?eopc^ XhiplJal mib toj>icriaime. 3 hgjh»bbe hiplaob^ fipr 
^^ma^agb.® he poeal ha&bbanfee hfiSni^y^ I't pjqibinen? ^ ;peQpi> 

* Boet. lib. ii. prosa 7.^Tum ego, scio^ inquam, &c. 

1 Cott. hotJ. 2 Cottlteerusobe. ' Cott. butan tola. * Cott. un- 
niaco'Shce- * Bod. butam. ^ Cott. butan. ' Bod. peopc anbpeopc 
® Cott. monnab. • Cott.(pepbmen, 

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CHAP, mi- BoirrHnrs. 

tiee, and what raiiB,:what adulteries, and wbat wickedness, 
and what impiety, ihe unrighteous Csesar, Nero, wrought. 
Heat one time ga^e order to burn all the city of Eome at 
once, after .-the example that formerly the city of Troy was 
burned ! fie twas desirous also to see how it would burn, 
and how long,'and how light, in comparison of the other : and 
besides ga^e order to sky all the wisest senators of the Bo- 
inan8,.and also his own mother, and his own brother ! He 
moreover slew his own wife with a sword. And for such 
tbings he was imiojwise grieved, but was the blither, and re- 
joiced at . it ! And yet amid such;criDi^B ^^1 flua'inidd1ft.fti|yf;V^ 
was ne vectfaeleBs . yi^j ^^t tn hin^^om eastward to we s tward. 
a j^ again -feom southwerd tcrnort hgardj i t w a s - allMi^^y^y^^y^J 
po wigT Thinkest -thou that the heavenly Power could not 
Sielaway the empire 4om this unrighteous Caesar, and cor- 
rect this madness v!>him, if he .would P yoflf Q ye^^ I know 
that he could, if he would ! Alas ! how heavy aydke did he 
lay on all those who in his times were living on the earth ! 
and how oft his sword was stained with innocent blood ! 
Was it not then sufficiently evident, that power of its own 
nature was not jgoody when he was not good <to whom it 


WmsN'TV^isaom had sung this lay he was silent, and the 
Hind then answered, and thus said: O Eeason, indeed thou 
knowest that covetousness and the greatness of this earthly 
power never-wdll. pleased me, nor did I altogether very much 
yearn' after this earthly authority. But nevertheless I was 
dcBirous of materials for the work which I was commanded 
to perform; -that was, that I might honourably and fitly guide 
and exercise'the ^ pggaCT which was committed to me. More- 
orer, thou knowe^^at no man can show an y aki| l. nor ex- 
Breise or coixtrol any power, without tools ana materials. . 
That is, of evehy cryft the materials, without which man • 
cannot. exercise the 6raA. This, then, is a king^s materials 
and his ;tools^to. reign with: that haibave his land well 
people^; h e -muat hate piayer«men , and soldiers, and work- 

y Google 


/ men. Pp«t pu pa]t; ]?»tce butan tSipim tolum^ nan cjrnin^ hif 

tgO^SfB^ne mae^ c^an. Da&t if eac hif anb^jic. f he faabban 

rceal co fam tolum |> a j tn >|iim ^ e feprcipumtbipirte. ^ ir J>onne 

Veopa\bipirt;. lanb to tbuiyaime^^ t Xiit!a^ t pa&pnu. TThete ^ 

j |ialo.° "iJpIajyaL . ^ ge hpaet J>ser J>e };a fpe jefejifcipaf 6ehopa]). 

nejmaej Jie butan l?ipim T?ar t ol ^ehealbjmi. ne but ^ Jyipim 

rtoluia nan bapa pinja pJTican J>e bim beboben if to pyjicenne. 
Z' / F^P fy ^J* F4P"^£ anbpeopcei>t^one apyeal b mib to tepeccenne. 
fepV>«^ '^ mine^aBptap ^ T anpealyne pupSqr t'otftitene -jropholene.^ 

g^^^'^^^^ronbam &ic g |i»m^ a&Ic ani4alb bib f onatpopeaRMK) t pjw 
fpi yb.^ kyiiebi)? butan |/irt)ome'. pop)?ani fae m»x non men 
gfeft fO]i]?bpingan butan }7ifbome. ):op]>am )>e fpa 
uph bvf ije je&bn bit$. ne msBg hit mon ns&fpe to 
jepecan. -p if nu hpat$oft to fec^anne. f ic pilnobe 
"ice to hbbanne ]>a hpile fe ic hpebe.® 3 8&ftep mmum 
Lf e f am monnum to Is&panne. ]7e a&ptep me p»pen mm ^e* 
mynb on ^obum peopcum ;. • 


§ I. DS tJif fa gefppecen paf . )» jefpigobe^® f COob. ;3 f eo Eef- 

10 ceabpifuef on^an fppecan •] fuf cp»J>. Gala OOob eala^^ an ;y^fel 

/O^T fpibe totanrcumanne. ^^ f if f 'f te rpil>e ,pn;tallice^ ^ 3 fpipe 

hep ijlice befpicj) e£Qpa papa monna CDob J>e beot5" on heopa 

jecynbe ^ecopene j peah ne beop to pam hnope ponne ^it 

cumen pilppemebpa ma&^ena)^'^ if ponne pihiun^ leap ef pl^ 

3 unpyhtef anpealbep ] un^emethcef hhfan ;i^obpa peopca opep 

£^ eaU pole, foppam^* pdm^ap moni^e men'^ anpealbep. ^e hie 

polbon habban job^e hhpan. fealTtniif unpjrpfe pen. je pup- 

' pum fe ealpa popcupejxa pilnatS ps&f ylcari. Ac pe ^ pde^Ui?? 

^^^opnhce a&ptep pam Mfan ppypiaiL J>pnne on^it he fpij?e 

•^ hpape hu lytel he bitJ. J_hu,l»Re' J. hu j^ebpe^^ hu beb»leb 

J{^ aelc'ef 2;Dbef . Cip pu nu jeopnlice f meajan pilt anb pitan pile 

^/ ymbe ealpe girre eonban ^jTnbhPYp EtgrrnomT Baftepg t pbq fl "Sifrer 

» Boet. Jib. ii. prosa 7.— Et ilia: Atqui hoc unmn est, &c. 

' Oott )>in*an tolan. « Cott ppu • Cott^alu. * Cott behopSen. 
» Bod. pupbe )*opsifen i fopholen. * CotdVoppu^ob. f Cott ge- 

peccan. * Cott. hjrbe. ^ Cott. \>e »ftep mh p»pen mm semynbis on 
Sobum peopcum. Bod. »ftep me v»pen gemynb on gobum peopcun* 
'® Cott gefuSobe. " Cott ea. " Bod. yfel if fpi|>e to aiifcanianne. 
"Bod-^msanhce. ^^Bod. 0^. ^> Cott ]:op>oii. i« Cott populb men* 

Digitized by VjOOQ iC 

§ I. B0STHIU8. 

men. Thou knowest tbat without these tools no king can 
show his crafb. This is also his materials which he inust 
have besides the tools ; provisions for the three classes^ This 
is, then, their provisioh ; land to inhabit ~ and gifts and 
weapons, and meat, and ale, and clothes^ and whatsoever is , 
necessary for the three classes. He cannot without these 
preserve the tools, nor without the tools accomplish any of 
those things which he is commanded to perform. Therefore 
I was deBi];pus of materials wherewith to exercise the power^ 
that my taleft^p and power should not be forgotten ani con^ 
cealed. !For ev efy^aft and every powe ^ soon becomes old,_ 
and is passed over iif^ence, if ic bewitnout wisdom : for no 7 
man can accomplish any craft without wisdom. Because,', 
whatsoever is done throu^R^^^no one can ever reckon for' 
crafjb. This is now especialiyro be said ; that I wished to 
live honourably whilst I lived, and after my life, to leave to 
the men who were after me, my memory in good works. 


§ I. Whsn this was spoken, the Mind remained silent, and 
Season be^an to speak, and thus said : 0, Mind, one evil is 
very greatly to be shunned ; that is, that which very con- 
tinually ana very grievously deceives the minds of all those 
men, who are in taeir nature excellent, and nevertheless are 
not yet arrived at the roof o f perfect virtues. V This, then, is 
the desire of false glory, and of unrighteous power, and of 
unbounded fame of good works among all people. Many 
men are desirous of power, because they would have good 
feme, though they be unworthy of it : and even the most 
wicked of all are desirous of the same. But he who will 
wisely and diligently inquire concerning fame, will ver^ soon 
perceive how is, and how slender and how irail, and 
now destitute of all good. If thou wilt now studiously in- 

Sire, and wilt understand concerning the circumference of 
this earthy from the eastward of tlus middle-earth to the 

Digitized by 




CHAP. ITin. 

/ mibbanjeapfoef 66 peftepeapfefiB. 3 ppam pij^epesqibum c^^ 
nop}>epeapbne. fp^ rpO' ]>u leopnobeft on p»pe bee pe Afxpolo- 
2ium hatte.* ponne miht: iSu on^itan -p he ir. eall p^ ^onei 
heo con to mettannfe rpilce mi lytel piucu' on bnabagfenebe. 

^oj^e ponb. beah on fcilbe. aepeji pin*a monna* borne, pu ne 

6 pajt; pu }i»c fu leopnobefC on Pcolomeur bocnm.. rSJJBSL 

eallef fifCf mibbanjeapbej-^.^emec on anjia oec. "Sfiep fu mihc 

^ oSTjef eon -p' eall moncynn j ealle netenu ne n ^igafi napep* 

neah peop^an b»lep t$i]je eopj^an. Jmp pe men ^efapon^ majon. 

/0 pop])am f e hy. hit n^ ma^on eall^ebupan?. rum pop h»to. pun 

pop cyle.. J l?one magrtan basl hir nagpj? r» ' opefiret;en/ 33o nu of 

t$am peop]}an. beale on pmum GDobe eall }wt peo pa nipToppetai 

^/5 ^»lj- J eall tSa pceanb tSe heo hrni on^enmnen. hapf . "3 eall f 

V/i hip ^^^iy -J mnp ar TfinuTTien habbaSS. ;] eaHj^^n eallnm 

/jT iSeoSSrpe rter li^e}?. ^onne miht "8u on^itan )>»tt6 paej* eallef 

nif monnufnTponne inape laepeb to bu^ianne. buton ppelcejn 

I jftel capeptum.^ If -p fonne pop byphc jeppmc f je pmna]» 

eoppe popiilb to "Son f je pilniap eopepne hhrarft unymetlice 

to jebps&banne^ opep ppelcne capeptun® ppelce fat ip fa&cte 

2^ men bujiaf fijje populbe pulneah ppilce an pjuca^ pop f»c 

o?$ep. Ac hpat] 

healpum ] 

ppa hit ip^^ jeneappeb. To hpon pilmje ^e ^oame to ung&> 
^/metlice ]7»t ^ eopepne naman tobpaban opep tSonfrteo)>aD 

bal. nu hip mape nip mib j», mibyaenne. mib ealle ; 
2^ § 11/ DefencaJ) eac f on^^ girum lyd um p eappoce .. J?e^pe 


metnCe f ^e pc^n eopepne naman opep- tobpadbtm. f ^e 

nappe ^ebonne ma^on. popfam^* heopa pppeac ip tobaleb.on 

y. ^tpa -} hunb peQ |^ ynti g .^^ •] aelc Jjapa pppaca ip tobaleb on 

y inanejEL^eoba/" j pa pint t^g^/SDA J tobalba m ib pa. ^ mib 

J/ pubum. •] mib muntum. ;) mib pannum. ;).mib monej^um j raib 

J? mi)rhcum^^.jgl$epuaL. 3 unjepajjsim lonbum.. "p hSs pup6um 

'Boet. lib. ii. prosa 7. — ^Adde quodhoeipfum, &a- 

1 B6d. Of. 2 Cott. lytlu ppice. » Bod. hfpa mona. ♦ Cott. notaa^ 

pupl>uni napep. * Cott sefepan. « Cott. caueptan. ^ Cott tobpe- 

banne. » Cott. caueptun. » Cott. ppice. »<> Bod. hottaa. " Bod. hif- 

12 Cott. |>»c te. " Cott. rpij>e miflica. " Cott. pApp^. " Bod. on 

hun-peopontiJ5. ^^ Cott >iob. " Cott miphcum. 


by Google 


§jll. BQITHITIB. ' 68 

westward^ and front the southward to the northward, as thou 

haat learned in the book which is called Astrologium ; then 

»mayest. thou perceive that it jsalkcprnpared with the heaven, 

like a little point, on abroad fiioSl^or the boss on a shield, 

according to the opinion, of wise men. Dost thou not know 

what tbou^hast learned in the books of Ptolemy, who wrote 

of the measure of all this middle*earth in one book P Therein 

thou mightest see that all mankind, and all cattle, do not 

occupy anywhere nigh the fourth part of this earth, which 

men are able to. go over, JEor^ they cannot inhabit it all ; 

some . part , for heat,"Bome"for cold ; and the greatest part of 

it the sea, has cover ed. Take, then, from this fourth part, in 

thy mind, all. tB^^l^sea has covered of it, and all the shards^ 

which it. has taken from it ; and all that fens and moors have 

taken of it, and all. that in all countries lies waste ; .then 

mayest thou understand, that, of the whole, there is not more 

left for men to inhabit, than as it were a small enclosure. It 

ia, then, in foolish, labour that ye toil all your life, because ye 

wish beyond measure to spread your fame over such an en- 

(dosure as that is which men inhabit in this worlds almost 

Eke a point. compared with the other ! But what of spacious, 

or of grea^^mjgofiihqnouraMe, has this your glory, when y^ 

tiierein iBUoKt tlie fifth part halved of land and desert ? so 

is it narrowed with sea, with fen, and with, all! Wherefore 

desire ye,, then, too immoderately, that ye should spread your 

name over, the tenth part, since there is not more of it, with 

sea, with fen, and with alll 

§ n. Consider also that in this little park which we before 
Have ^oken about, dwell very many nations,. and various, and 
very unlike both; in speech, and. in manners, and in all the 
customs of all the. nations, which ye now very immoderately 
desire that ye should, spread your name over. This ye never 
can do, because their language is divided into sev enty-tw^! 
and every one of these languages is divided among many 
nations,, and they are separated and divided by sea, and by 
'Woods, and by mountains, and by fens,, and by many and 
Tariotts wastesy.and impassable lands, so that eveamerohauts 

y Google 


/fc^CTien ne xepapa]?. Ac hu m»S ]>8&P ]>oime fjubepLce anef 
picep monnef nama cuman ]>oniie t$8&ji mon pupt$um ]>»pe 
bup^e naman ne xeheoTVJS. ne psepe ]7epbe tSe he on hampa&jr 
bip. Djr ic nat pop hpilconTbypje je peopnaS* J je polbon 

/eopepne naman tobpa&ban ^eonb eallne eop]>an. f ^e bon ne 
ma^on.' ne fup]>um napep neah. Pp»t t$u yajt hu micd 
Romana pice psej* on OQapcufep bajum p»f hepetojan. fe p»f 
o])pe naman haten Tulhuj*. "3 ]7pi&ban .dcepo. hp»t he cy]>be 
on fumpe hif boca. f te ^a ^et Romane nama ne com op ep "Sa 

/^muntaf J'e iCaucapeap pe hatap. ne ]>a 8cit$1$eap ])e on o}xpe 
healpe ))apa munta bu^ia]) pup]>um ]>»pe bupj^e naman ne pa&j 

//polcep ne xeheonbon. Ac Ca he com a&nert " to Pap^vun . 3 p»r 
])8Bp rpipe mpe. Ac he paep tJeah tJeep ymbutan manejum polce 
ppipe tegepull. Pu ne onjite je nu hu neapa' pe eopep Uipa 

ijheon jme i>e xe }>»p tjTnberpmcaj? n unpihthce tiha'6* toqce- 
bna&benny. Ppasc penpt ^iThumicehie hhpan ^ hu micelne 
peopppcipe an Roman ipc man ma&^e habban on tSam lanbe. 
"Saep mon puptSum gagp^upcte naman ne ^ehepbe. ne eallep 
■^aftp polcep hlipa ne comlTiean nu hpelc mon unjemetlice "} 

^^unjebapenhce pdnije f he pcile hip hhpan tobpaeban opep ealle 
eop]>an. he ne maej f popfbpenjan. pop]>am J>e Jwpa ^eobn 
: ]>eapap jmt p^e un^^ica. ^ heopajjepetneppa ppif e mij^ica.* 

ppa f te j^a&to n otJpum lanbe betre bca b ,^ J>»tre f hip hpilum 

on ]>am oppum teelpypfhcopt. ] eic^ln|celep picep pyp])e. pop- 
^]>am ne mae^ nan mon habban ^elic lop on aelcum lonbe. pop- 

l^bn fe on a&lcum lanbe ne licatS f on o]>pum hca]> *. 
ZY § III.* Fop tSi pceolbe a&lc mon beon on "Sam pel yhealben., 

"^ he on hip a^enum eapbe licobe. peah he nu mapan pifiuje. 

henemagx pupfum 'Ppop)?bpinxgm . poppam ^e £gmu2fiIUlfiJ>i)> 

JO ^ te auhc manejumjmonnum ^gg^hg&P hcije. pop fy pypf 

• opt sobep monnep lodalet^inne on"^ tSa&pe ilcan f eobe f e he 

on hampa&pt hip. 3 SacpoJfpSn tJehit opt ppi]?e paphce gebypebe 
35 ]>uph pa heapbpael]>a ]>apa ppitepa f hi pop neopa plaftpj ie. -^ PP 

jimelepte. ;) pop peccelepte popleton un ppiten ^apa monna 
Jjf J>eapap "} hiopa baeba. fe on hiopa bajumTpopemaepopte ] 

peoppjeopnepte pa&pon. "3 }ieah hi nu eall hiopa hp ] hiopa ba&ba 
jy appiten ha&pbon. ppa ppa hi pceolbon xip hi bohton , hu n ^op* 
S^t eallbobon t$a yppitu f eah 3 lopobon ^onecan pe hit pa&pe. ppa 

- 8 Boet tib. ii. prosa 7. — Erit igitar pervagati, &c. 

» Cott nat hpdce byjiSe se gipnalJ. » Cott. n»ppe sebon. » Cott 
neapo. * Cott. tiohatJ. » Bod. mipde. • Cott hcobe. ' Cott m. 

Digitized by 


^^'A ^ j^ BOBTHIUB. 

lo not YJBJt it. But how, then, can any great man's name 
ingly come there, when no man there hears even the name 
tf the citj, or of the cpimtry, of which he is an inhabitant ? 
Cherefore I know not .through what folly ye desire that ye 
ihould spread your name over all the earth ! That ye cannot 
lo, nor even anywhere nigh. Moreover, thou knowest how 
[Teat the power of the Ik)mans was in the days of Marcus, 
:he consid, who was by another name called Tullius, and by 
I third Cicero. But he has shown in one of his books, that, 
u then, the Boman name had not passed beyond the mouu- 
kains that we call Caucasus, nor had the Scythians who dwell 
on the other side of those mountains even jieard the name of 
the city or of the people : but at that time it had first come 
to the Parthians, and was then very new. But nevertheless 
it was very terrible thereabout to many a people. Do je not 
then perceive how narrow this your fame will be, which ve 
gboiir abont^ and unrighteously toil to spread^ How great 
«ffle, and how great honour, dost thoulhink one Soman could 
Jaye in that land, where even the name of the city was never 
^d, nor did the fame of the whole people ever come ? 
Though any mkn immoderf^tely and unreasonably desire that 
Y "^ V spread his fame over aal the earth, he cannot bring it 
^ pass, because the manner8U)£.the nations are very unlike, 
^Q their institutions very various ; so that in one country 
^t pleases best which is at the same time in another deemed 
"iOBt reprehensible, and moreover deserving of gi^eat punish- 
j^ent. Therefore no man can have the same praise in every 
^ because in every land that pleases npt, which in another 


§ III. Therefore every man should be well contented with 
^18, that he be approved in his own country. Though he be 
y^irons of more, he cannot, indeed, bring it to pass : because 
^ » seldom that au^t in. any degree pleases many men ; on 
Jliich account tl^j , praise oi a ^ood man is frequentbr c< 

'"«Ja account ti^j , praise of a cfood man is irequentiy cqn- 
5|J,within the same country where he^is an mEaoitant; 
Jaa also because it has often very unfortunately happened, 
thBoug^ the misconduct of writers, that they from their sloth, 
*&d from negligence, and from carelessness, have left un- 
^tten the manners of the men, and their deeds, who in 
their days were most famous, and most desirous of honour. 


Digitized by 



CHAP. xvm. 

/ fome fpn J« ypifcewar {yjrfeoa. -j eac ga l>e hi vmbe wntop, AiA 
eop iSmtp peih f ^ hmbbsn. ece ap£. pj: ^e mM^eDi <m ea%e 
ebpe)i:pe po]tiiIbe ^eeapman f ^e habban ^bne hLfaa wfcef 
eoj^wsa bapim. Di]: ])u nu tegcelert^^ h] | yd ^ t'^IT^ anbpeapdban 

hf»t biS hit poime • . Tide mi Ml ^aiL&^ jL»Il® J^*^ }>f )«i tSm 
eaje on beppenan* inc&x^P^yten^ttren& fintpa. )yoim& hiablM^ 

hit lytel pe. -f if ])Dime fmc: 

j yona e ^ ten Jnifeab joaitt, 

ece '^ jMBt imgeenbobe bf. j^omaeng. 

^.- ^„. r.-Scm ^ p]«]raun f ten ^n penb geapa. 

hit.ianx ^tifceeJ M'Coptai^ ^^ ^a&T ^^T**/ ^® c Jmf ns^^~^iS 
^5 enbe. .fOfiilrtajgi: hit mfWt?toetanne "pi geenbobhce pij> -p jm* 
^nb obbce. Deab t$a nu /telle pjion )>in^r nnbbajieafiibef 
/i" pfiuman o^ ])one enbe. anb^ete]niiiiB!e]'a geapipi]» 'p ]>e naenne 
enbe n»]E^. )N[)mie' ne bi)> /]>8efi nauhlr anbc^; 8pa bi]) eac je 

/eaje ( m 
ba hpila bpeot bpugn onbeef 
beopa »g)>ep hffip)> a^ibe. "^ 
^^^e ]>eah pu ma pdk; pt6 ^ e 

/^^e feah J 
/ fenrt ]>n 
p^bT bit. 

hlifa ]>apa pop«n»pena^ i 
I ^ geajHi ]iiipbpunige. be bi^ 

)?e noippe ne geeabatS * . 
3jO § IV> Anb ge ne 
pi)» enejum o]>pizm; 
/7.Poloer. T p» 1^ ro 

eapmja})^ Jwp ^ 

^ eopqifia go6eBa 

pibugafi^ ]i«^'t;o 

^bypbeft ]>8Bt 

fpi]7e puse 

pp])am be 

leapun aaoib 

Ji yvfjiei, Qn g 

bepbe pe' 


aa. i$eakbebpdum lang pe* ^ |:cii 
L ypi^jcopte t o metaime pi]> )]HHie 

}»eab bpe)»e)s ge ttatoto ^beboa 

bnton -^M ]nm l^tian lope )>af 

> Idiraa. )>e. pe asp jrmbe pppsBcon. 

yt epsq^sf eofpep in^^ncep. 3 


gep ceabpipnefpe. anb polbon babban 

mebO' at ngaflabpa rooMiikx|bpifefatniy | B. 

pe viebe i$&'gei»>2ttobe.fceoibon. ppset^ 

p© bBgiintT^eknnp« -p an PFf® PT nioarj 

faMbijan^ ah^ u^tan 7 bme bipmepobe. 

pa opxelbce upahop anb bobobe ^aep -p be 

c^bSe be.'luJc mi^ naiann cpaqitum. ae nub 

^poiobhcum S^pe-^^ t5a polbe pe pipa mom % 

tSep beppa pip p»pe ppa^ pdp; penbe f:he 

ppif e S^^3*c* ]>e&p pipan monnep popfe pusae 

^/ bfilcw Ajc. fp6an he hip b|QXM^ gehepeb bsepbe. fa jc^be^* he 

1 Cott. 
* tJott. beppcr 
•Cfett. pitoja«. 

ii*.piio«a.7.-r*-yos antei% nisi ad popnlaves avcas, &c. 
eler^ ])a hpila. ^ g^^ |^j.gj. hpilpenbhcan. » Cott. lengu. 
panT * Cott. anhcep. « Cott. jropmsjuu ' Cott. eajiiiiB^. 
c BJT.^* — I ' ifl.o-.x .--1^- » Odtfe panbnm. 

* Cott. anhcep. 
» Cdtt. Mnbia«i> 
>> Cott.'jCptbiani 

» Cott. jropmsjuu 
>» Cott. seipe. 

Digitized by 


§ IV. BOBCTnrtrs. 07 

And even if they Imd written tli© Trtiole of ftlieir lives and of 
their actionB, as they ought if they were honest, would not 
the writings nevertheless wax old and perish, as often as it 
was done, even as the writers did, and those about whom 
they wrote ? And yet it seems to you that ye have eternal 
honour,' if ye can, in all your life, earnft^vBimay have good 

finne,. after your days ! g thou now tt ! iily 9 5B 8rthb durroon 
of this present life, and this temporal,- with the^jjation of 
the never-ending life, what is it then? OSSe^imi noTf the 
length of the time wherein thon mayest wink thine eye, with •^ 
ten thousand wrnters ; then have the times somewhat of like, 
though it be little ; that is, that each of them ha» an end. 
Hilt ^^ Qjjgn |fiTR iht^^ fl ten thousand years, and even more if thon 
wilt, with the eternal and the never-ending life; then wilt 
thou not find there anything of like, because the ten thousand 
years, though it seem long, will shorten : but of the other 
there never will come an end. Tlerefore it is not to be com- 
pared, the ending with the never ending i If thou even reckon 
from the beginning of this middle-earth to the end, and then 
compare the years with that which has no end, there will be 
nothing of like. So is also the fame of celebrated men. 
Thongh it sometimes may be long and enduie many years, 
it is nev^heless very short compared ^h that which never. 

. ends! 

§ IT. iiid ye nevertheless care net whether ye ^ any 
good, on any other account, than for the little praise of* thb 
people, and for the short fame which we havejirfbre spoken 

. about. Te labou* for this, aad overlook the excellences of 
your mind, and of your understanding, and of your reason, 
and would have the reward of your good works from the re- 
port of strangers ! Te desire to ^^flw;* then the reward which 
ye should 9eek from God ! But thou hast heard that it long 
ago happened, that a very wise man, and vay noble, began to 
tty a philosopher, and scoffed at him, because he -so aarogantly 
lifted himself up, and proclaimed this, that he was a philoso- 
pher. HJe did not make it known by any talents, but by false 
sod proud boasting. Then the wise man woluld prove him, 
whether he were as wise as he himself thought that he was. 
He therefore began to revild^, and pne ^k ill of him. Then the 
philosopher heard very patiently the wise man^s words for 
some time. But after he had heard his reviling, he then de- 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

68 . BOETHIXrS. CHAP. xn. 

/ ongean rpi]>e tm2;e]^lbeLce.^ pedh. he »p licette f he u]y|wta 
pepe. Acfobe hine ^a efchp»]>ep him ]iuhte ^ he vipyit^rfSfSd 
he ns&pe. Da anbfpopobe fe pifa mon him 3 cpse^f. Ic polbe 

^ q>e)>an f Jm ufrmgi paBpe. xip ^ 3;e)?ylbix paepe l/^gpSfflft 

J' mihtert. ^ pu Ifc^jmn pa&f h im reTilira . fe he aep mib leapin- 
pim punobe. Pu nefioi ^aenrt; he ])a p»p pihte pppam anum 
anbpypbe. Ppaefct t^ArteQb l?onne pam beteftum maonum. t$e 
»p uf p»pon. y m f pa fpipe^^fum^oii JSaef ibelan X^lpep* 3 f sef 
hhfan sepcep heopa beal>eJot$t$e lEp»Ejj:onrtent hit l?am )>e nu 

/() pnbon. D^ p»pe s&lcum men mape tJeapp f he pilnobe ^obpa 
cps&fCa. ]>omie leaper hlij*an. Pps&t hte^ he s&t )>am hlifan. 

' pu ne piton pe ^ 
1 bits hbbenbe. Ac 

redlfapl paBn1> r pil>e' fepedlice^ to heotonum. pb)>an heo onti; 

IS Dif^ or ^arn cancenne ba&r hchoman onhereb bil>. heo FopfeoJ* 
bonne ealle bap eoptJhcan fmj. ^ ji^enab^ fxj f heo moc 
Dpucan ]>»f heopenhcan. j-ip])an heo^ hip abpo^ben f^iom pxm 
eop])hcan. ponne f GOob him pelpim S^pita hip Hiobef pillan;. 


DS fe j7ij1)om ^a firjpell apeht® h»f be. ^a on^an he ^ibbian 

30 3 f^r pnjenbe cp»t$1fSpa hpa j*pa pilmje to hab benne J5pne 

ibel agjbhfan. 'i pone Wnyttan jilp. behealbe he" on peopep- 

2 i nealf e hip hti^ib^ille tSasr he oronenhpealta bi|? . *} hu neapa J^aepe 

eop^an pteSS^'lfr^eali'lieo up pum pince. J>onne ynagi^ hine 

Hi} rcamian baBneTbn»bm|6 hir hliran. p opbam he hme ne m»J 

Z5 pupfum d)Dpl^>an gpepj^a ixeappan eopf an ane. 6ala opep- 

moban. hpi ^e pihnjen ^jejmbeplutan mib eoppum ^yipan f 

beaphcne jeoc. oJ>)>e hpi yipptftp on ppa ibelan jeppmce. f je 

; ' polbon eopepne hlipan tobpa&ban opep j*pa mane^a geoba. 0cah 

/ hit nu S^bypige $ tSa utemeptan^ tJioba eopepne miman upa- 

^t hebbann on mamj peobipc eop hepijen. "j-ij^eab. h^ pexe ji^ 

micelnelaebelcunbneff e hir jebypba. 3 feo^on eallum^lum j 

on eallum plencum. ne fe bea^ peah ppelcep ne pecf. Ac he pop- 

33 pe^ fa a&pelo, 3 pone pican jehce 3 fone heanan ogjeljj. ] 

J^ ppa' geemnet ba jiican ^ ba heanan . Ppast pnt nu feep pojiemafi- 

*Boet lib. iL xnetnim 7.-7-Qmcumqae solam mente, &c 
1 * Bod. |>ylbehc. » CottreeruSian m%ahte. » Cott Selper> * Coti 
lmohc& > • CotL popplfe. • Cott. F»sna'S. ' Bod. p>»r *»«* 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

Ml Hi 


fended himself aeainBt him very impaiientlr, though he before 
pretended that he was a philosopner, and asked him &g&i]i> 
^vrhether he thought him to be a philosopher or not. Then 
answered the wise man to him, and saicl : I would say that 
thou wert a philosopher, if thou wert patient, and able to be 
silent. How lasting was to him the fame which he before 
falsely sought I How did he not immediately burst because 
of one answer ! What has it then ayuled the best men who 
were before us, that they so greatly desired yain glory and 
fame after their death P Or what does it profit those who 
now are ? Therefore it were to every man more needful that 
he were desirous of good actions than of deceitful fame. 
What has he from this fame, after the Reparation of the body 
and the soul ? Do we not know that all men bodily di^ andf 
yet the soul is liviug P But the soul goes very freely to thej 
heavens, after it is set loose and liberated from the prison of 
the body. It then despises all these earthly things, and re- 
joices in this, that it may enjoy the heavenl;y', after it is taken 
away from the earthly. Then the mind will itself be a witness 
of God's will. 


When Wisdom had made this speech, then be|;an he again 
to sing, and thus singing, said : Whosoever desures to have 
vain fame and unprofitable glory, let him behold on the four 
sides of him, how spacious the expanse of the heaven is^ and 
how narrow the space of the earth is,1;hougb it seem large to 
us ! Then may it shame him of the spreading of his fame, 
because he cannot even spread it over tne narrow earth alone ! 
O, ye proud, why are ye desirous to sustain with your necks 
this deadly yoke p or why are ye in such vain labour, because 
• ye would spread your fame over so many nations ? Though . 
it even happen that the farthest nations exalt your name, and ' 
praise you m many a language; and though any one with 
great nobleness add to his birth, and prosper in all riches, 
and in all splendour, death nevertheless cares not for jthingQ 
of this sort, but he despises nobility, and deVours the ricL and 
the poor alike, and thus levels the rich and the poor! What 
are now the bones of tlie celebrated and the wise goldsmith, 
Weland? I have therefore said the wise, because to the 

Digitized by 


<70 BOmBSXM. OfiAF. XL 

ne hine inon neiaa^ '^^'''■''^^^it on him ^eiuiiiBn Ji&mon huq 
bat fUDaan. ^ywaban ojp hwpe ]Xebe. Ppa9)> pnt nu ]»&f pdonb^ 

Lutuf. o^e iSSSmT!s]jiU!f. o^e fe fifa nT p^y^;|^Bfea) Eato. 
fe p»f ea^Booftana hej^te^ jpe jnef <^c&lice u]?pita. Ijmic 
IM&pan l)ajjacFy!in iiOfi]igq»tt»ne. 3 nan moB nat hprnfi hi nu 


&f eac^ifooftanfl 

/O fint. Ppaet^ nf.keojw nuvto lapeTfanitan ]*e lytla li^fa ;] fe nama 

nub feaum ftapiBL«ppiteii. 3 f Sit pypfe if. f pe piton maaij^ 

'^p9fi«in«pe •} ijempsSofjiipe pqiaf ppj^^epitafte J>e m)>e peaie 

manna a onxicAc manixe licaxal? beabe nub eaUejcopxitene . 
' V'f r® W'F* ^ Fup8wn cuje ne s«^>* ^^•^JS? ^^. F^^Qll 
f JT pdmap f gft laage Lbban rcylan h^ on pojiuIbe.'fipHb 7u6 eof 
])onne oy Dtt. Jiu ne cymo fe DeaS. )>eah t$e* be late cunae. *] 
abe^ eop op ]?iffe pojuilbe. "^ hwat conrtent eop ]>onne pe ;i}p. 
kujui fam Ife. re^psem»a be»l> ^wxrupl? 3 en ecnepfe tchaact -. 


DS fe |7ifbom fa pif leoj? afunjen hs&ge. J>a on^an he 
J^O rpdlifi^^ "3 f ^r cpaef . Ne pen Ira no f ic t:opanpilllcex»nne pif 

Ei,pypb. f9p]»am ic hit no fdpe nauht ne onbpaobe. pji^m 
t opt ybynaf '^j ^ eo leafepypb nau]>ep ne max J>am men bon 

ne nutnm. ne eac^ xLannefbem . poppam heo mf nanef lopef 
l^ pjppe. pop]iam beo bipe felp jecj)? ^ heo nanpuht ne bipT Ac 
^^ BftoThnppthtS hipe « p^m. ]>onne beo ^eopena]? hiope "Seapaf. Ic 

pene^beab f ])U ne popftanbe nu ^t bp»t ic i$e to cp8&]7e. pop- 

f am hit If punbopbc ]y»t ic fecym piUe. r] ic hit m»t miea)?e 
;' mib popb^np^e^caa.^ ppa ppa ic polbe. f ip faet ic pat f te 

f eo pifeppeaphe pjrpb byj) s&Lcum men njtpypfpe )>onne peO' 
Jo opfopje. popfam feo opfopje pmle hbf anb hcet. ^ mon fcyle < 

yenan f bed feo* fio fo]7e jefael^. ac f 10 pi]ieppeapbe ip po pope 

l^epseTp. feab hpe&m^ ppa ne fmce. poppam heo ip paptpaeb '2 
j3 Xeha&t fimle f te fof ixp. 810 ofup*^ jf leaf *] befpicf ealle hipe 

^epepau. popfaem hio hit jecyf pelp mib hipe hpupppulneffe 
^J'j>at hio hip ppife pancol. Ac peo pifeppeapbets^ganb je- 
$^ l»pe8 aelcne p^pa ^e hio hi togej^iet. 810 of ep^ jebrnt »Ic fapa 

^ Boet. Kb. iL prosa 8. — Sed ne Sfl inexorabile, &c. 
iBod. >eah. » Cott fpilban. » Cotfl^ieccaa. * Gott, if. » BwL 
bpa. « Cott olSjm, ' Cott. o^iiu ' 

Digitized by 


CHAP. XX. B09T&IV8. 71 

skilfttl Tiis &k31'*cm nerer be lort, nor.ean any man nore 
^asilj take it from ktm.tlum lie^i^an turn aside the svm frooi 
her place. 'Whefe are now^tbe'boaes of Wela«d ? or who 
knows DOW wheue they* wwrd P Or where i is i notw the illus- 
trbos and the patrjotic ^eopgal of tfae'Somans, who was caUeid 
ftntus, hy another naime Gassiua P er the wise and hmexible 
Gato, who was aiao a Soman -eeiunil P He was eridently ^a 
philosopher. Were not these long ago depatted P tn^ no one 
knows where they are new. What erf thetn is now remaining, 
exeept ^le emau fame and the name written with a few 
letters P 'And it is yet weise l^at we know of many illns- 
trioDs and nenKwil^e men de|>arted, of whom i^ry few per- 
soDB have ever heard. iBat many ke jdead^ entirely forgotten, 
* 80 i^at fame does' sot even make them known ! Though ye 
now think and ^desirei that ye may live long here in the world, 
urbat is it toyoa thtti the better? Does not death come, 
though he come late, and take you away from this world ? 
And what then does glory profit you P at least those whom 
the second death seizes, and for ever binds P 


Whsn Wisdom had sung, this lay, then began he to speak, 
and thus said: Do not suppose that I too obstinately attack 
fortune. I myself have no dread of it, because it fre(|uently 
happens that deceitful fortune can neither render aid to a 
man, nor cause any injury . Therefore she is deserving of no 
praise, because slie herself shows that she is nothing. But 
she reveals her fountain when she discloses her manners. I 
think, nevertheless, that thou dost not jret understand what 
I say to thee : for what I wish to say is wonderful, and I 
can hardly explain it with words as J would. It is, that I 
'know that adverse fortune is more useful to every man than 
inrosperous. For the pre'spereus always lies and dissembles, 
that men may think that she is the true happiness. But the ^ 
adverse is the true happiness, though to any one it niay not 
Beem so,fi>r she is constant and always promises what is true. 
The other is fsdse, and deceives all her followers; for she 
herself shows it \sj her changeableness, that she is very un- 
stable : but the aaverse improves a nd instructs eve^ one to 
whom she joins herself. The other binds every one^.^ the 
minds which enjoy her, through the appearance whicK sh^ 

Digitized by 



/ moba ^ hijie^ bp^c]> mib Jbjepe hipunja iSe hio beet f hio pe 

"jto y^ietS. mib }>am^ hio him ^eopena]! hu tiefepfi* fsef anb- 

peapban ^ef»l^ pnt. Ac f eo opf ophnef 2»]^ [|xypm»liim [yp^ 

^ faBf pmbef ^.1* 8io jj>eppeanbner ]>oime hi]rjpiade mita&iu . 3 

^ f maci y'-^' pi^fy mib ]>a&pe ftjpinje hipe a^enpe ppecennejje. 

' ' Ac p6 leaf^jefs&L]' hid^'^to onlaft neabmta ]» ])e hiepe to^e- 

]>eobap j^iom fa&m fofum® ^ef»lj>um mib hiepe olecunj^eJ Seo 

TOpeppeapbner ]H>nne piU opt e«]le ]»a ]>e hiepe imbep]>eobbe 

/(7Dio]>. neabmta jetihf to bam foJ>um jef8&l]>um. rg^ jpa m ib 

an;^ejij:g ^^j^^^^en bi}>. Dinc}> }?e nu -^^ l^d yftneon t Ij Q 

)?inpa g ej^l]>a .' ^sette J>eof pe)>e anb J>eof egefhce 
peapbnex ] >e hjitagj^. ^ in ]>»t heo fpijje hpa]>e J>a GDob.'^e je- 
opena]? t^mpa ^etpeoppa^eonba. anb eac j>inpa peonba. ]>8&t^. 

/5 hie miht fpitSe fpitele^l^jgguuailL -^c )>»f leafan ^efsel]^ ]K>mie 
hi }»e jrpom j;epita}». tSonnenimaS hi heopa men mib him. "} 
l»ta)> Jjine peapan jetpeopan mib ))e. pu polbejr fu nu jebyc- 
jan. fa fu jersBljojt; paepe *} )>elj>uhte ^ peo p]^b rpifojt on 
Smne pillan pobe. mib hu micdyeuai* p eo polbenp )m y& habban 

^qX®^^^*^ f V^ rputole mihtepc TifcofinkpaTi ' )>ineTppinb^® •] fine 
tj^b.^^ Ic pat J>eah f fu hit polbept habban mib miclan peo" 

J :' ij;eboht ^ f u m ca]>eft pel torcabflp. Deah fe nu fmce f fa 
beoppypjje peoy poj^open liJbbe. fu ha&ppt J>eah micle biop- 
pypfpe mib 2;eboht. f pint ^etpeope ppienb. fa fu miht na 

;^ j^tocnapan. ^ papt hpaet fu hiopa haeppt. ppa&t ^ ip "p eallpa 
beoppeopfepte peoh •. 


^/ DS pe |7ipbom fa fir ppell ap»b ha&pbe. fa on^an he ^ibbigan^ ^ 
,:; 5)3 t5up rinjenbe cpa&f^^n pceppenb ip bucon»lcum tpeuu. j j^ 

ip eaq pealbenb heoponer -] eopf^ i ealpa^epceapta jepepen- 
^0 hcpa 3 eac unjepepenlicpa. j) ip Dob s&bnihci^. Sam f eopiaf 

eaUe fa f e f eopiaf . ^e fa f e cimnon. ^e fa f e ne cunnon. ^e fa 
92 f e hit piton f hie him f eopiaf . ge fa fe hit nyton. 8e ilea je- 

^ Boet. lib. vL metrum 8. — Quod mundus stabili fide, &c. 

* Bod. hepe. * Cottf ^nbinA » Cott. tebpa. * Cott, fpa J»»p 
pmbep >yp, and Bod. jjmpeji pinbef ]>yr. The reading within the brackets 
^ la a suggestion of the late Mr. Cardale's, in which I fally concnr. ^ Cott 
/ peep^aj-ceppeb^ « Cott. po)>an. jj Cott. ])»pe ohceunse. * Cott. 
•/ n)eotole. » Cott micle. i» Cott3|rpenb. " Cottlfeenb. " Cott. 
/ midepo. "Cott-poh. " Coti ^ibbian. I 


feigns of being good : but the aHverse unbinds, and frees 
eTery one of those whom she adheres lo, in that she discloses 
to them how firafl these present goods are. But prosperity- 
goes confusedly as the wind^s storm ; while adversity is always 
&ultles8, and isj^vgj^from injury by the experience of her 
own danger. In fine, the flEilse happiness necessarily draws 
those who are associated with her, from the true felicities, by 
her flattery : but adversity often necessarily draws all those 
who are subjected to her, to tEe" true goods, as *a fish is 
caught by a hook. Does it then seem to thee little gain, 
and little addition to thy felicities, which this severe ana this 
horrible adversity brings to thee: that is, that she very 
quickly lays open to thee the minds of thy true friends, and 
idso of tmne enemies, that thou mayest very plainly ^s- 
tinguish them ? But' these false goods, when they daj^rl^ 
from thie, then take they their men with them, and leave^ 
thy fewlfaithful ones with thee. How wouldest thou now? 
buy, or when thou wert happiest, and it seemed to thee that 
fortune proceeded most according to thy will, with how muosh 
money Wouldest thou then have bought, that thou mightest 
dearly distinguish thy friend and thy foe ? I know, how- 
over, that thou wouldest have bought it with much money 
that thou mightest well know how to distinguish them. 
Though it now seem to thee that thou hast lost precious 
wealth, thou hast nevertheless therewith bought much more 

Srecious, that is, true friends, whom thou art now able to 
, istinguish, and knowest what of them thou hast. But this 
is the most valuable wealth of all. 


Whek Wisdom had made this speech, then began he to 
sbgy and thus singing, said : There is one creator beyond 
all doubt, and he is also governor of heaven and earth, and 
of all creatures, visible and invisible. He is Qod Almighty. 
Him serve all those creatures which serve, both those which 
have understanding, and those which have not understand- 
ing : both those which know it that they serve him, and 
those which know it not. The same has appointed un- 

Digitized by 



/ fctae uaapenbcpfaiicne nfao. i IfemOL 1 enc xecynfeeitce nbbe 
]>a nu fculoQ ftanbaa ido populbe. Da^ mnrti&gifca aercetffa 

fC^in^ ne m«^ so |ieop}»m;^qicykb. lie mc oafeob of ito 

5- pyne ^ op;)i«pe eiibebypbne]rpe ^ limi 2iq*e& if. «c. (g %|p*^^ 

^ \ edl4 kir xerceapt» ri»iffl b bajibfiiikle ^^Bf"lfff* ^« T X€Q>- 

r ^^^gcmanoog rfa j> hi naijiefi ne AectaHMi ifcemoton. 
^g qac rpt]Km pTyyian. jwmne he him ^ayT^quiun lufffealbl^efig 

qac rpt]Km pTynian. IwmBe he him h 

^ofoflstc, bpa Wp)^ feailiniLt'ija JLjooReiie8po)Uiee''eaLie nif 2^ 
^£CiSB£Ca nub hq- anpeftlbe. ^n& bepjf^Tfielc jnoS j^ib «j>e]fi. ai^ 

/' ^eah ]qx8ft])e^ otpcp. fhie ne motcm tdflnpaii. ac bi9 ^^PJ^ 
ept to ]>am ilcan p^e ^e kie »p iquyxi. 347a peoff^^ efc 
^hnipabej f pa hi hitljaisia)! f gapl>eii»eajifeapjfcfyaasag »S]^ 
Se hie ba ypiT hi^ .>piiiMi]i. ^eac |»fte pDOe oetpi^him heal- 
*^baj>. 8pa nu p^'be]) -^lo&cep. *}.r»^ e<^e.^ aaati^ ojypMiy- 
- rceaitau. ]>e beo]> a f pa uflgetSjggjpa becpux hun Ifpa jT^a hi beo]^. 
-] )^ah he beo]}fpas^p6qia]>«tteiu>f an f hima^on 'sefepin 
beon. ac f^ Vy^f^ f heopa, pip]>nm nan bu&on ojrfium beon 

beon. ac f^ n^^^ f hec^a pip]>nm nan iMit;on ojrfium beon 
/0 ne msB^. Ac|jt jceaL.tec pige|iipeaf>be^'^ oftep pijwppegftbj jg- 
^^O rogtxian . ppa 1111 hasfO ye aehMhteyi £00 jyi|^ S^ fc^^'^l^r^cg l 

^/fpii$e hn^cej^^c^^eppule ealhnn hin xe^^eattiun . jatfifl 

lencten 7 ha&p p p:. on loicceii hit; ;qiep6.'anb cmhaggeythiC 

^M^^/fj l ^gnlw^ , T eir romen '^ ^ptep. o njmiepa hit D$T?^qym. ^ 

/// on piniqxa cealb. 8pa<«ac po funaoie bpinjj^ leohte 6s^af . 3 je 

^jTmcma hht on note. :^}di ]»»f ilcan Iiobef mdit^ 8e ilcm of" 

pypp ]^ j>aBp» r» ^ heo ne mot bone ^eoyircpolb'pyepTtaJiSia 

^74?'^P^ ^p)>an^ Ac he h»f:> heofia meajice ]rpa gef etteT j^ hie ae 

y mot heojie meapce xebpa&ban o gep }ia rtimn eoppaa. luib ]>am 

jl canteenye ir Xepeah t rpi]>e anlic ;^fppi?t;le )»»f flnSftj- -j ]iaB|- ^ 
.^/ ybban. }?ahgefeteng|; ))a he laet ftanban J>a hpile fe he pile. Ac | 
j^onne asp JyeHie ' ^Tepealble|>ep ponll&t |?anatbnibla. ]>€ heM ! 
xerceatta mi mib^ppibteb^ hagg)> : f reo ^mbcjipeanbper^ }>e pe 
aep ymbe pppvoon. ;^f he tSa Iset torlnpaJT ponne pQp3aBta|> h i 
|?a pbbe^be, bi flg hwflba]?. ^ pi&]> heofi& seic en o)wp ^ptep \a\ 
^S a2;enuai pman. ;] popia&ta)^ heepa .^epegqis&bcwie. '3 popboS 
J : eaine )mjae imbbaneapb. 3 jeopi|ni)» hnn felpe to nauhte. 8e 
ilea ! fobjyptx^ mib l meonbpaebenne ixiic toy abetie, 3 nnb^^- 
-^ J £cipafp 4T»mnal?l£rbyiaenlic^ laye. Pe xexaebepi5? jqnnb rfje- 
pepan ^ l»e ^stpeophoe heopa pibbe ^ ^*^p»^'|fp^^*?tfTpy^^'"^^ 
4^ healbaf . €ala ^ te Sip moncyn p»pe jepaelij. SijE^ififiJiaJjOob^ 

Digitized by 




dm^eaUe ciaioii».aiid habits^ and also safsoEaLaffreeiDeiit, 
to ail his jCBftureg, wfaea lie muM, and ao long aa ne ^vrould, 
which BKMT ai»il ubmd' for eTtr. Thei motion of the moTisg 
creatures cannot be atsjredy nor yet tuned from the ooorse 
and from the order that is set to thiem. But the governor 
has so with his bridle caught hold of, and restrained, and ad- 
monished, all his creatures; that they neither can be still, nor 
yet move fiirtker thau fie the sfiace of hia rei^i aUows to them. 
I So haa the Akaaghty God conti^ollediill his creatines by his 
I power, that each of them. strivea. with another^aad yet sup- 
I ports another, so that they ■cannot slip aannder, but are 
, turned Again to. the aaatetsourse which they before ran, and 
j thus become, .fgaia. renewed. So aretboy Taiied, that con- 
I tiary creatures both strive with each other, and also hold 
I irai agreenent with eabh otler. Thus fire doth, and water ; 
[ wd sea. and eari^^^ and many other isreaturey . which will 
ever be as discordant ^tween themselves, as they are ; and 
k yet they are «o accordant that not only they may be com- 
; paaions, but moreover, that even no one of them without 
another can exist. ! &it ever 'maat-^ the contrary the ot^er 
I go nfaary moderat e^:' So has now the Almighl^ God very 
i irisely and very fitly, appointed change to all his creatures. 
: Thus sf^ing and harvest. In spring it groweth, and in 
I Wvest it ripens - And again summer tmd winter. In 
[ sonuB&er it ia warm, and in winter cold. So also the sun 
biingeth light days, and tibe moon gives light in the night, 
tlu!ough the power of the same Ocd. The same warns the 
Bea that it may not overstep the threshold of the earth : 
but. he has. so fixed their limits, that it may not extend its 
boundary, over, the still earth. By the same gove^ment is 
wdered a very like cl^n ge of the flood and the ejbb. This 
Appointment, then, he allows to stand as Jong as he wills. 
But when ever he shall let go the y^in of th^ hwdlpn wifTi 
which he has now bridled the creaj^ures, that contrariety 
which we before mentioned, if he shaJTallow these to be re- 
laxed, then wiir't ^v forsake the MreSm^^ hich they now 
ieep/'and strive,, eaeh of them' witb other, met its own will, 
tod forsake their companionship, and destroy all this middle- 
Qatthx-Andijaag themselves to naught. The same God joins 
people .together with friendship, and unites families with 
virtuous love. He brings together friends and companions, 
that they faithfully hold theur agreement and their friendship. 

Digitized by VjOOQ iC 

76 BOiTHivs. CHAP. xm. 

/ PJBgJif JT* pilifc "3 n« sejicatelob. ^ ypa aeenbebj gfe. fpa n»]f 

oifjie ^ef ceapa pnbon ;^v? peli enba)> nu reo 8^6pe|VTioFepr^ 

Boetmre r.^^ on^mf feo ppibbe/^ BdStiuf jp»f oJ>pe naSS 

^ ^ehaten' 8euepinup. fe pa&f hepeto^a Romana;. '^ 


^ § I. DS pe j7ijl)om tJa fif leoj? apinjen hsepbe. ^a hsapbelifi 
me j^ebunben* mib league pynnpimnerre hip fft'^gef . f jc hif jg 

/ rFf e papenbe T rpiP^m^P»pe ' hi'h^ to ^envnanne mib iim» 

pea pbtag^abe . 5 )>a^ rulpa]?e* ^ssy ic clipob^ to him *] ^ 

^ cpsBf . €ala ^ifbom. Jm peeapt po lielijt;e fliof^ eallpap "" 

/O moba.^ hu ^u me hg&yjft aFpeppobne se^fep'jilmib' f>inpe| 
Iman y^ p ^ ng. ^e mib j^sepe^ pynpmmejje J>mef panjef . t_ ^^ _ 

/^ ]?u me hagprt nu'ttepetne^ -yVnppf^ypenne mi b pmpe gefceab * 

' Pir5£rr?* "P me fu Jyncf ]>a&tte no f an faet ic tSap un pyiA. 
apa&pnan ms&^. pe me on becumen if. Ac f eah- me jet maj* 

/^Fpecennej* on becume. ne cpife ic^ n»ppe ma f hit buton je* 
pyphtum^® jie, Fop]>am ic pat $ ic mapan ^ hepjpan jm))l 
pa&pe. Afi i c polbe j|febe l?onetlsecebom_ ^apa t$mna lapa hj*B» 
mape ^hypan. ])eali iiu ink hpene aep fSBbeft^^ f fu penbefC* 
•p hi polbon me fpife bitep^mcan. ne onbpa&beic hi me nauhc 

£,0 nu. Ac^iaJieopa com j^ijie Jippe »3]>ep je to jehepenne je eac 
to jehealbanne. *] tSe fpif e jeopne bibbe f J)U hi me sela&jte. 
fpa fpa f u me nu lytle sep jehete. Da cpfisS fe |7ifbom. Ic on- 

; '> jeat f ona l)a ^u rpa pel jef pujobeft. anb f pa lufthce jehepbejt 
mine lape. ^ f firpoftldft mib mn epeajibgai GDo&e hi onjiton. "] 

^(^'pneajean. pop]>am ic jeanlJibobefpifepel oJ> ic pifte*^ hpa&t pu 
polbeft. ■;) hu fu hit unbepftanban polbef t. "3 eac fy fupf op ic 
tiplobe fpife jeopnpulhce. f S?-^^'^ popftanban mihteft.^^ Ac 
ic 1>e ^pille nu rec?,^ hpelc reUa&cecnsett ir minne lape tSe U 
menu bitft. Pejf j^aSfi. bitep. oa. jm^e ■] he ))e+tipt.on ^a 

JO.)>potan f onne 8uhif a&peft panbaft. Ac he penobaj? ^7 fyb)?aB, 
he inna)?. -^ bib rpil>e L|>e oi^ t$am inno)>e, "3 fpif e rp ete eg , 

^fl bealcetenne -:^^ """"^ 

, ^ Boet. lib. iii. prosa l.-^am cantiim ilia finierat, &c. 

,1 Cott lefteppefiiojTi-boc Boedef. 'Cott. haten. * Cott. sebun- 
benne. * CotU pUp & be . * Cott. cleopobe. « Bod. boma. ' Bod. 
J>mpe. » Cott.Tkpetne. » Bod. if. '« Bod. SepypJ>mn. " Cott 
jKbe. « (jott. penbe. " Cott. mina lapa. " Cott. pifp e. " Cott 
meahte. ^^ Cott. >e pepeba'S. ^7 Bod. belcenran. 

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^(nLyf,32 . 

\ I. BOITHIUB. 77 

0, how happj would this mankind be, if their minds were as 
right, and asestablished, and as ordered, as the other creatures 
are! HerejSnoeth the second consolation-book of Boethius, 
and beginneth the third. Boethius was by another name 
called Severinus : he was a consul of the Bomkns. 


§ I Wheit Wisdom had sung this lay, then had he bound 
me with tbe sweetness of his song, so that I was greatly ad- 
miring it, and very desirous to hear him with inward mind : 
an d imnaediately thereupon I sp o ke to him, and thus said : 
0, wisdom, thou who art tbe highest comfort of all weary 
minds ! how hast thou comforted me, both with thy profound 
^bx)XLrse and with the sweetness of thy song ! So much 
jttgtthou^now corrected and oyercome me w ith thy reason-— .ji^ 
ingJtEaf ft no'w seems to me that not only am I able to bea| 
tbis misfortune which has befallen me, but even if stilr — 

greater peril should come upon me, I will never more say 

thou just now saldst that thou thoughtest that they womd 
aeem very bitter to me, I am not now anraid of them, but I 
^very anxious after them, both to hear, and also to observe : 
and very earnestly entreat thee that thou wouldest perform 
^me, as thou a little while ago promisedst me. Then said 
Wisdom : I knew immediately wnen thou didst so well keep 
ailence, and so willingly heardest my doctrine, that thou 
^onldest with m war d m ind r eceive and consider it. There- 
fore I waited very well till 1 knew what thou wouldest, and 
aow thou, wouldest understand it ; and, moreover, I very 
^estly endeavoured that thou mightest understand it. 
But I will now tell thee what the m edicine of my doctrine 
S> which thou askest of me. ±^ is ver^'Wller m tne mouth, 
j^d it irritates thee in the throat, when thou first triest it : 
but it grows sweet after it enters in, and is very mild in the 
nomach, and pleasant to the ^vik^deM^ 

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I § II.° Tic tSaefi 5u onaeate lip)feiT^ ic ]>e nu teohhie^tqi 
lebenne.^ ic pat ^ )?u polbeft; j^i^ ^eopiiie iSibep pmbian. ] 
fpi)^e ]:p()dic^ beoB ona&leb nub t^pe ^itpuo^e. fopj'^ia ic 2»i 
hepbe "^ ]>u »p f sebeft "^ ]>u fpi)>e ^eopnpill psejie hi& to jeky* 

JT panne. Da cp8&J> "p CDob. P piyejx pilt W me nuuiJ)ojt laebi^ 
Da anbpypbe feo Hfefceabpij-nej- anb cp8&)>. To f aem j-of um ge- 

y f8&l])um ic tiohhie^ -p ic J>e laebe. be' J>in GDo b oft ymbejiagy^ 

/ 3 eaf mej>.* 3 "gu^ ne miht»ft g^tyEulrwEtnej^et apebian Co ^am 

Tof um xera&lJHun. tonpam pin Cuob ps&r apiyyoo mib )>aBp< 

/rft appne ^lyja leafena te^aslga. Da cpaef ^ OOob. Ic "Se heailfi2;e j 

//*fu ihe o]2fipe butcm ^Iquiil JPpfifiii hpaet po fope xef»l)^ pe. Di 

/2cp«J) j-io Ijerceabpimer..I c pillettoplurtlice t on ]M™^f) IllTiy" 
Ac ic fceal be nimepe ibirene rSjoae anlicnerre ])aepe iftfOT^ 
. of^e-pfin^ cUbpe pe. to bam f ]>u ^ bipae |-pep- 
;eapige. ^ fonne be ]>8&pe aniicnej*fe f apa fO]>ena ^e^ 


fael^kfumS^ironjitan fa foj^an jefS&ltSa. ;) po]id»tan^ ]i8etx<i 
F him pif eppeapb bij>. f fint ]>a leaj-an jefselpa. anb J>onne miii 
V^eallef mobef ^eopnpullan inie^ance hiaie^ '^ ]>u ma&^e becumani 
//to J?am jef^lfum f e ece fuphpuniaj) • . 

CAPUT xxin.o 

so ©^ r® F*rb«5j»tir rP«^ ape kt^ h»fbe> }«, ongan he ejpp 
T^bbian. 'jfuf cp8B)»TJ[8pa bpa rffii^t^g rfn^i J. pepsmbieiiie^ l^^ 

£a9jric\ oanArt-. /\r tin "hrkrinar *n V>nTr*n*«j»''^ •UrrAnnn i oajIa. \a 

axao sepert og }>a bonnar. i ])aWpi f ^T # f^M* TVeaile te 
>eob fehe ^epo']^ ]mm a&oenum beratten. j) re bpartp&> masxe Pfc 

^ iES95 ]>e he 2«n^ "p fwn aaoepum bepigfen. ;p re lipartp&> m»ge w 
i )et peaxaa. €ac. ir tSeof bif en to 2;efenceiine. ^ if "j^ aedcum 

^^men l?incC Tmmxy Tbio*bpeafe_ l?y peoriob^, tip h e hpenc gp 
u.^. — jf — ^2aiy2|^. *^^ eft £mjkep^be|i^bi)> J>y bancpynbite. gf- 

hit hpeAe »n b i^ [t^pce jxopmaf . ;] nojiJSaa pinbaj-. 3 mi3e 
^^penaj- 3 roapar . Anb ^aQcpyp]>pe bi)>J eac Jjpef b»^ef leoht pop 

)>a&pe ^efhcaa pioftpo paepe nihte. }K)nne hic yK^ ^p nan 
^^ niht ii»pe. Spa Di)> eac micle ]>e pinpimpte po p oM^ep »1S to. 

habbenne aqitep ^am eopmbum ^ijrep anbpeapban up^. Anb 

eac micle %^ ef \^ ptifct }>a ytifanteraeibaT^ecnapaix anb to 
9% hiopa cy]>]7e becuman.^t$aas)i^ajr^tpa]a^ COobe: 

n Boet. lib. iii. prosa 1. — Sed quod tu te audiendi, &c 

Boet. lib. iii. metrum 1. — Qui serere ingeaauiii volet, &g. 

1 Cott. tiohise to l»baniie. « Cott. tiohise. » Cott Jwp * Cott. 
hperpe^ T ^ac m»t. » Cott. Sc >u. • Bod. j:opl»t. ^ Cott. hipSC' 
» Co^t. aji8^.^ 

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§ IL Bofe wbea ihem shonldest perceire whither I now 
design to lead thee, I knew that thon wouldest very anxiooslj 
tend thither, and be very greatly inflamed with that desire. 
Por I heard what thou before saidst, that thou wast very de- 
Birous to hear it. Then said the Mind : Whither wilt thou 
now especially lead me ? Then answered Eeason, and said : 
I popose that I should lead thee to the true goods, about 
which tbj mind often meditates, and is greatly moved : and 
thou hast not yet^bee njable to find the most direct way to 
tne true goods, becauie ^hy mina was occupied with the view 
of these false goods. Tlien said the Mind : I beseech thee 
that thoa-wouldest slow me, beyond all doubt, what the true 
h^piness is. Then said Beason : I will gladly, for love of 
Wg* But I must, by some example, teach thee sohl^re- 
Beml)lance of the thing^till the thing be better known to 
thee; i n order that thou mayest clearly view the example, 
and then, by the resemblance of the true goods, thou mayest" 
' hnow the true goods, and forsake what is contrary to them, 
that is, the &lse goods : and tl^en with the anxious thought 
of all thy mind, strive that thou mayest arrive at those goods, 
which for ever r^nain ! 


Wheit Wisdom had ended this discourse, then began he 
{^gain to sing, and thus said : Wbg sQ gver is desirous to sow 
fertile land, let4iiHi fe! ^ draw ou^t be thorns, and the fiirze ^ 
and the femj'and all the weeds wlndi he observes to do injury 
to the field, in order that the wheat may grow the better. 
Also, this example is to be considered, that is, that to every 
loan honeycomb seems the sweeter, if he, a little before, taste 
f^vthina Sitter. And, again, calm weather is the more agree- 
able, if it a» little before be stark storms, and north winds, and 
much rain and snow. And more agreeable also is the light of 
the day, for the horrible darkness of the night, than it would 
he if there weie no night. ' So is also the true hAppinees much 
the more pleasant to enjoy, after the ^ftTPitiJfiS ^^ this present 
life. Ana, moreover, thou mayest much the sooner discotfl^ 
the true goods, and arrive at the knowledge of them, .if i^hou 
fint rootest dut &om thy mind the false goods, and remo^t 

Digitized by 


80 BOBTHirS. GHAP. xnv. 

/ i$a les^^an jej*8el]?a. ^ hi opfltilift op^ tSone ^unb. &t$t5an pu hi 
lx)nne Ti|ecnapaii m iht. ]?oime pac ic f tSu ne pihiaft nanef o]7pef 
^ }?injef ojrep J>a'. 


§ I. DX he J>a ))if leoiS apinjen ha&fbe. ]« pplet he bone 

•^I2£S: 1 X^rP^S^be ane hpile. ^ ongaqflt rmealice |>encan on bf 

^ mobef m^e]>ance. anb "Suj*^ cpa&J>. JEHc b€a]^Iic mcui ];pen^^Juiie 

jelpie mib mifthcTimf 3 manij^pealbum ymbho^m. '^ "pesih 

pillnia'5 ealle ]>aph mifthce^ pa]>aj* cuman to anum enbe. "^ if 

'p hi pibiia]) fuph unjehce eapnun^a cuman to anpe eabi^nejye. 

/0 f If ^onne Dob. j-e if ppuma ^ enbe a&lcef jobef .^ ^ he if po 

hehfte jef»lj).® Da cpasj? -p flOob. Daet me "Sync]? pe ^ hehfte 

job."^ p»tte man ne ^upfe nanef o))pef jobef . ne eac ne jiecce 

ofep f. pt$tSan he f h»bbe. f if hpoj:^ eallpa oj^eppa ^oba.* 

pop]7am hit eall o^pu job^® utan bepeh]?. •} eall on innan him 

/5h»Fl?. Naepe hit no f hehfte job.^^ pp him s&nij butan psepe. 

poppam hit haapbe t5onne to pilnianne fumef jobef ^^ pe hit felp 

ns&pbe. Da anbfpajiobe po Erefceabpifnef ^ cpa&p. Deefc if fpife 

fpeotol f p8&t If po hehfte jefSBltS. ppfam hit if 8&j^p je 

hpop je plop eallef jobef .^* hps&t if ^ f onne buton feo felefte 

20 S«r»l^- f ® f * of P* 5ef a&lfa ealle^* on mnan him jejabepatJ. '] 

hi utan ymb ha&fp.^^ ■] on innan him ^ehelt. 3 him nanef ne 

bi6 pana. ne he nanef neobtSeappe naep]^. Ac hi cumap ealle op 

him. ^ ept ealle to him. fpa fpa ealle paetepu cumatS op tSaepe 

fa. "^ ert ealle cumatS to %»pe f ». Nif nan to f »f lyteL 

^^gep^lm.^^ f he fa f» ne jefece. anb ept op paepe f» he jeleniT 

in on fa eopfan. ^ ppa he bipibajSgenbe %eonb l?a eontSan . 08 

he ept cymf to ^am ilcan »pelme l)e ne aap ut pleop. ■] fpa 

ept to t^aepe f8&;. 

§ 11-*^ Dif if^nu bifen_pana fopena ^efs&ltSa. fapa piI bm^ 

JO ealleibeaprice men to be^itanne . tSeah he tSuph mijrhce^^ V^^ 

t^encan to cumanne. poppam 8&^hpelc man haepj? ^ecynbehc 

^job" on him pelpum. popf am aslc QQob pi^paji fn)K>f gns^f r^^ 

p Boet. lib. iii. prosa 2. — Tain defixo panlolam visn, &c. 

1 Boet lib. iii. prosa 2. — ^Est enim mentibus hominum, &c 

» Bod. op atih'S 0IS. ' Cott. >a. » Cott. nuplicmn. * Cott. mifhcc. 

* Cott. soobef. « Bod. Ser»l>a. ^ Cott. goob. » Cott. pponi. » Cott 

gooba. ><» Cott goob. " Cott. soob. " Cott goobef. " Cott soobef. 

" Cott. ealla. " Cott. ymbpeh«. »« Cott »pyhn. " Cott mirhce. 

»» Cott soob. 

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§1. n. . BOBTHIUS. 81 

tiiem from the ground. After thou, then, art able to discover 
tliose, I know that thou wilt not desire any other thing be- 
aides them. 


' § I. Whbit he had sung^this lay, he ceased the song, and 
vas silent awhile, and be^n to think deeply in his mind's 
thought, and thus said : Every mortal man troubles himself 
mth various and manifold anxieties, and yet all desire, through 
various paths, to come to one end : that is, they desire, by dif- 
ferent means, to arrive at one happiness ; that is, then, G-od ! 
Se is the beginning and the end of eveiy good, and he is the 
Mghest happiness. Then said the Mind : This, methinks, must 
be the highest good, so that man should need no other good, 
nor moreover be solicitous beyond that : since he possesses 
that which is the roof of all other goods; for it includes all^ 
other goods, and has all of them within it. It would not bok 
the highest good, if any good were external to it, because it* 
would then have to desire some good which itself had not. 
Then answered Season, and said : It is very evident that this 
is the highest happiness, for it is both the roof and the floor 
of all good. What is that, then, but the best happiness, which 
gathers the other felicities all within it, and includes, and 
holds them within it : and to it there is a deficiency of none, 
neither has it need of any ; but they all come from it, and 
again all return to it : as all waters come from the sea, and 
again all come to the sea ? There is none in the little fountain 
which doA not seek the sea, andlagaTri, from the sea it arrives 
at the earth, and so it flows gradually through tTie earth , till 
it again comes to the same fountain tbat it before flowed irom, 
and so again to the sea. 

§ II. !N'ow this is an example of the true goods, which all 
^^B^taLlUQn.de9i£^J^o .obitgin, though they by various ways 
think to arrive at them. Eor every man has natural good in 
lumself, because every mind desires to obtain the true good : 

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. / tentanpe. Ac hit bi]) ame^jveb mib t^am ke&iim ^bmn.^ ]-o]k 
^^am bit btt$ [opMlfie]^ ]>»pto. fop]wm pme me&a fensf f 
fat pe j-eo relerte xer»l^. f mon pe fpa pelig ' {^ hejaigff 

y 8ume men pena]? f "p fie ^eet hehfte job> ^ he pe hif je- 
pepTim hif ^epepena peopfojr. -^ eallon msejene tS»p tilaj». 
6iiiiie pctta]»'^ "p Mifte ^ob'^ pe on ^kon hehptan anpealbe. ^ 
fdnn^ tttSf p tpcga. o^StSe him peljie picpan. oS^e hi to tSaja 
|iic«iia;}:p60Xi^]rcipe ^J^eobaa. toae teoh hn^ f ^ h^HTS 17 }^ 

fO OMKL peo foficma^te. i: yibip«|fce . ^ ha&bbe sobae^ hhpgi. tihdf 
tkmne ]wip i^]Wfi S^ on pbbe. ^ on ^^epimie. GOaa^e tdlaiS f 
bormaaptum jobe^ 3 to jn«)Xepesef»l]^^ raon pe pmle bhii^ 
on tHijje MBbpeafibaa hpe. "3 pul^ eallnm hif lupnm. Sune 
tk«»e ISa ^ jttif pelaa pihiia2i. hi hif phual$ pop]»am t>»t h 

IS ft^bon tS[^ aoopan^iipealb habban. f he mihton^ ^ (^fop^ay 

]»iffa populb liifta bpucas. ^ eac ]7af pekn. CX)axie2» pnt Im^ 

^e pop ^y piliia£4^ ei^pealbef. tSe hie pdben opmaete peoh^ J6> 

^ 2abepiaii..o0^eept,)«)]iftM]faa h«o|ia.itfanan hi pifaual^ Jfatb 

ZO % UI.^ ODTfpehmm. 3 Pi^_o^pjB? fpelcum U^am. «ab hp^o- 
fe^om^.peofk^aiMim.a^cef menmfcef mobef m^ejianc bif 

Z;" ^qTenceb mib |wpe ;^eopiipih]effe aab mib }«Bpe. taolunpi.^ 

fen]^. ])oiiBB f bat faaibbe pim heahc ^b^^ s^ptplnebJ tionne t& 

^^httfp ^pvanett^ l!!31..£?l^ef_ele^^a. Onb m^^Junc^ -p bit 

^ haebbe .^eboht rpmxe fpi}w leaj-hce m8^]?e. Sam e j^iag nub 

^ v aueelpe ^eofiv^afaieffe p^pj^. pc^]7am f hi )>apt^ m»^e vaafc 
beapna b^taiL ^ eac p ^pimhc^ hbban. Da ^etpeopan 

jj8 ppeonb.^* ponne ic pecge fco^ )?»t becqipeqiSeftae iSynj eallpa 
t«ffa populb ^epa&ljrau ]>a. ne pnt pup^on^^ to papain ^bum to 

^0 tdlanne. ac:to jobcimbum. pop]»am peo leape pjrpb hi na yojif 

^' ne bpin^. Ac pe Eob^lw hi xccynbdace^ gcfceop to p w»?^3pi|B- 

pop]7am he a&lcef'bj>pef finjef on fifpe populbe nlon pihuiiS, 

ot$5e pp]7am ]»e he in»g iSuph ^ to anpoalbe cunan. th^eto 

SI/ punnm fQjnlblmfia^ butoat$»f ^^etpeopan j^iemibef . ]»»« mem 

^^ bipa]> bpihim pop.faipinn 3 pop aqieojniin, ge>h:he him naupa 

' Boet. lib. iii prosa 2. — In his igitur ceterisque, &c. 

* Cott soobum. * Cott oft >elpe. Bod. of )>»lpe. * Cott pnnatJ. 
*Cott.Soob. »Cott.Soob. • Bod. heah be gobe. ^Cott.soobe. » Cott. 
meahte. » Cott. poh. « Bod. hi peorenbum. " Cott. tiluncsa. 
" Cott. goob. " Cott. sennmeD. " Cott. getpiepan ppienb. " Cott 
pe. »« Cott pupj>iim. 

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§in. soiTHm. % 

Imt it^ ia hM«Eed b J' the tnasitoiy goods, becaiiw it k 
froDethareto. FoFMmementi)inktkiti^]8.idi&be8t'bap§i- 
Bessths^amaQibeBonchtliafchehaire need of nothfaig mova: 
todiibeycbeesfr their lifoaecoxicHiigly. Some meatfauik that 
thiBis the hi g h e g tyw d, that htbhemmfng hi&&l]fflnthemoit 
honomiaUe of Uffl^km^^aad tiiey mth all enexgy seek this. 
8oBie thiBk thfttt'fte Bapreme good ia in^ihe hi^iieet . powi^. 
AieBe deBm^eitheF for theBMdTesi toYtilev ocdae to tsaooiate 
ibemselTesim frioiriahip wiUt th^ sulenk Sameipcrattade 
IhQnsehreff tfadpit is' beet thirt« man. be^ ]ttiisfariaBa!.uid orie- 
tiited,aDd ha(ve good fiune; thej tkerefova aeek tfada both in 
meeandinwiir. Master Meboo it for tfa&greatestL good axul 
fe 1^ greatest, hflraiiiess, that a man be aiwam 
Tieeent life, and ftiMl all his lusts. Some, indeedy ivho deeose 
'fteae liehes^ are desirouBithefeof, beeanse they would haTe the 
T^ter pemr^ that* they soay tha laore aeciimj enjoy these 
v^Ay iHstB,;afl>id also tiienehes. Many theee are of these 
vk doBise ipower beeanise ^y woaU gather oyenanch 
aoaey: eriagamy'iiheyjaedesmiis to spraid Ae eelebrity 

§ ni. OikaoeoiiBt of each and other like fiaul and perish- 
w advaati^s^ the thoi^t ei erexy huiBian nindia troubled 
^ soficfttnde aeid ^mth anxiety, it then imagmes that it 
"ft obtained iseme existed good when it has won the £attezy 
^ the people ; and mel^snks that it has bought a yery false 
gieatneBs. Some with mneh anaaetr se ek wiyes ^ Idiat thereby 
'*ey may, abovelfi tEicigs, hisTelDESl aodTalso Ure hap- 
Ijfy* TroeifiriMidB, then, I say, is the most piecions thing of 
w' these wotMly feliGities. They are not, indeed, to be 
wckoned murortdly goods, Irat as dirine: for deceitful for- 
^ doe) Bet produee th^n, but God, who naturally formed 
'ttem as 'relations. !For of every ol^r thing in this world 
"^ is desirous, either that he may thrsugh i^ attain to 
P^er, or dse some worldly lust : ezoept of the true friea^, 
^hom he loves sometimes for affection and for fidelity, though 
ue expect to himself no other vewards. Nature joins and 


Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


/ ofeppa l»iut^ ne pene. ^ jecjub xejrehj? -j ld'Pll> ^^ n"AnS ^ 
y»bepe mib untoba&lebliqie lupe. Ac mib ^ifpim populb ^e- 
Yttl)mm 3 mib i$if anbpeapban pelan mon y^tp opzoji peonb 
€onne ppeonb. Be ]>ij*aii^ "} be manej^um Jy^Uecum m»j beon 

Jf eallum monnum cvf, f te ealle ]»a bchamlican job bitS' pop- 
cu]>paii tSonne i$»pe faple cpa&ptaf . pp»t pe pena% f mon beo 
py ftp»njpa^ ]>e he bit^ micel on bij* bchoman. feo faejepnef 

J ]»onne ^ reo hpaatner ft&f bchoman lebbrra^ |>one mon. i anA 
3 po hsfelu hine jebe]/ luftbsepne *. On eallum ]7ifum bchani- 

/Obemn* jefaBbjnejjum men fecaj> anpealbe eabijnejje }>8&j* fe 
hmi tSmc]'. pop]>ain ]>e »^pelc man fpa hpa&t j^a he ojep ^ e 

/Z^fpe fmj rFjW;^luj»}>. f he ceohhaf* f him pe becft ^ ^ bi^ 
Hif l[eEfte '^'SSJ ^onne he f ]K>nnebe2itenh8&]:]>. ]>onne tihhaji^ 

he^ be ma&je beon fpitSejej-a&bj. NeTonrace.ic nauht "^ J^a ^e- 
Igyv^S^ ^ J>eo eabijnef j-ie p»C hehfte job^ f if ej* anbpeapban bpef. 
fop]7am t$e^^ s&jhpilc mann tehha]>^^ ^ f ^inj betft pe "^ he 
fpiJ>ort opep ofpu fm% lupa]?. -^ ]7onnene tiohha]? f he pe fjwje 
^efasbj. jip he ^ bejitan m»je. "^ he ]>oime rpi]>ojt; piUnaS ;. 
pu ne ij- J>e^* nu jenoj openbce jeeopab J^apa l^iena^ej-fiBljui 

2^ anlicnep. ^ ip ]K>nne »hca. -^ peopl$f cipe. -^ anpealb. anb jelp^ 

-2/1 populbluft. Be pam populblujre €picapur j-e uppita pa&be. )« 
he ymbe ealle ]^af otSpa je[^l]7a pneabe. ]7e pe »p nembon. ]» 
paebe he f pe lujic psepe ^ hehpte job.^* poppam ealle pa opnu 
koJi. ^ pe fen n mbon. oleccap ]?am ppbe^ ii5jiec.^°peiufE 

^^onne ana oIec|_f^QTic[ioman anum ppipopt ; . 

§ IV.* Ac pe pillaB nu2i6e"Tppecan ymbe manna jecynb 3 
Jiajbe heopa nlunja. fa nu |>eah heona ODob i heopa jecynb 

^ InTOSimmab. 3 hi pien on 1>t ^b»ie anxen to ^ele ^ bibep 
^ malbe. peah hi pilma'8. pa&p )>e hi cunnon ^ majon. p»f henptan 

-^0 iobey}^ Spa ppa oFepbpimcen man pat f he pceolbe to hir hm e. 
anb to hip paepte. ^ ne m«x peah tSibep ^nebian. rg a bipeao 
^am ODobe ^nne hit bit^mhepxab mib tSaem ymbhogum pim. 
pojiulbeiL hitlbi)? mib t$am hpilum otenbpenceo ^ gebpelob. to 

gjjf fam^'j) hit ne ma&j pullpyht apebian to jobe. Ne fyncp feah 

• Boet. lib. iiL prosa 2.— Sed ad hominum stadia, &c. 

» Cott leana. 2 Cott. hp. » Cott hcumhcan goob bio«. * Cott 
ptpencpa. < Cott licumlicam. < Cott. tiohha%. ▼ Oott ^oob. 
• Cott. tiohha«. » Cott. soob. w Cott. >y. " Cott. tiohha«. 

MCottjJ. wCottgielp. >* Cott. soob. "Bod.peta«. "Cott 
Soobep. ^ Cott sebpealb to |>oil 

Digitized by 


§IT. B0BTHITX8. 85 

cements friends together with inseparable love. But with 
these worldly goods, and with this present wealth, men make 
oftener enemies than friends.- By these and by many snch 
things it may be evident to all men, that all the bodily goods 
are inferior to tbe Acuities of the soul. We indeed think that 
a man is the stronger, because he is great in his body. The 
fairness, moreover, and the vigour of the body, r ejoices and 
d elights the man, and health makes him cheerful. In all 
tESe bodily felicities, men seek simple happiness, as it seems 
to them. For whatsoever every man chiefly loves above all 
other things, that he persuades himself is best for him, and 
that is his highest good. When, therefore, he has acquired 
that, he imagines that he may be very happy. I do not deny, 
that these goods and this happiness are the highest good of 
this present life. Eor every man considers that thing best, 
which he chiefly loves above other things ; and therefore he 
persuades himself that he is very happy if he can obtain what 
he then most desires. Is not now clearly enough shown to 
thee the form of the false goods, that is, then, possessions, 
uigmfey, and power, and glory, and pleasure ? Concerning 
pleasure, Epicurus the philosopher said, when he inquired 
concerning ail those other goods, which we before mentioned ; 
then said he that pleasure was the highest good, because all 
the other goods which we before mentioned gratify the mind 
«ttd delight it, but pleasure alone chiefly gratifies the body 
I § rV*. But we will still speak concerning the nature of 
flien, and concerning their pursuits. Though, then, their 
^nd and theirnature be'now dimmed, and they are by thai; 
M sunk down to evil, and thither inclined, yet they are 
oesirous, so far as they can and may, of the highest good. 
•Aa a drunken man knows that he should go to his house and 
to his rest, and yet is not able to find the way thither, so is 
it also with the mind, when it is weighed down by the 
*^eties of this world. It is sometimes intoxicated and 
nualed by them, so far that it cannot rightly find out good. 

Digitized by VjOOQ iC 


I yusi momumi j^ hi aaht meamimn }>& Jiasf^ pifana}) to b^ 
tanne ^ hi majira ne JmjifOB taum. Ac ycoaif f hi msigen odi^ 
]Mif 30b' je^abefiran to^bepe.. )>k«p& mm bdtoon )«efpe -^ 
l^omnunja ne pe. njrton ymx^ tuol {pf^fsf^ %^ ^Soane ea%« 
/tSapa beopf$|it$efteiia tSinga j^^epvn^aco heojia. anpeaihe. f 
he nanef 6111^ buton ])»m ne )»i^^ Ac ^ mj* nan man f te 
pnnef eacan ne ]nippe buDon lliobe aMm. pe \BK9pf cm hf 
7 axenum tenoh, n e 6eiy j LJiejnaner ftnge^ buton ]7»f ]7e he ob 
Imn felfum hai|l6. penj^; }m nn 4 bafevnenfee^ V ^W^ 'f *^f 

/O gmt ne »lcer ve<m»rcn)er b etrt pyiye l)aBt te m^^ mebemjgrS 
(Miptoa ma^on. nefe nef e. ic pat T> hit mf no to pofifeonuici 
pu m»2 f JT^l beott f te a^cef monnef in^^miie pen^ ^ xa 
350b® pe. -3 aej^ep higa^. "j pdnaj> to begitanne. nq-e nip hit ni 
]^el. f If f hehfte ^ob.^ Ppi nip nu anpeelb to teUanaieto 

//pimum tJapa hehftena joba Cifrer aabpeapbaa hfer- "^ 

j fXmc TsSi pe to tahaiine paclib^^ ISSSS f^ ^ ^l^PST^fr^r^ if «>%* 

//^ij7a^o]mlbtliSa»^ if anpeaib. hp8&]>ep bkl gobS^o hfapa 3 pofie- 

msennej* pe" )»p nauht to tefieane. nefe nq'e. Nif hit naa 

(.^12 ^ iQQji j( pQp nauht teDe. pp^am ^ aftle mon peii]> f f 

^ beqr pe j^ he fpi}M»p: Inpa;^. pu ne pitoD pe "}( nan neap epnet. 
ne nan eapp]>u. ne nan unpiotnef . ne nan f ap. ne naxT^u^n^ 
nip nan jepsBit^. Ppaet teppon^^ |« nn n^a y m be tSa ?cer«ift» 
rppecan. pi ne piot »}e msmbpat ]» bec^. 3 eae patf ^* 
D^ -p iiehpte job.^* 3 tJeah pw^ pulneali «le mon on ppije 

^/l^lum tSin^m ^a peleptan ^ep selpa. popjiam he pen^ -^ he te 
)yonne ealle h»bbe. jip he hsepS f '^ he 9onne ppi]>opt pihii^ 
to bejitanne. Da»t ip ]K>nDe ^ hi fpi6<^ pihiia]^ to be^itanDtie. 

Zl, pela. -3 peopj^pcipe. 3 pice, ^j Juppe joptdbe jdbop. ■;} jilp, 3 
^ populb lupt. Dippep «all^ hi pihiia)). p^jTam "felu penaf f hie 

^^]mph pa )>in^ pcr^lon bejitan ^ him ne pe^^ naaep pilkn paaa^ 

na)»ep^7 ^[^e peop]>pcipep. ne anpeaibep. ne popems&pn/qje. ne 

" jWrre. ))8Bf eallep hi pilnia]?. 3 pel boj) •)) hi J>»p pihuaiS, tSeak hi 

mipthce'^ hip pdni^en. Be 9am 'Sinjum mon mse^ ppeotole ob- 

Jitan ^ 8Ble mon tJ»p pihaa]? jJ he mfi&^e -p hehpte job be^as 

Jjfikeji hi hit jecnapan mihtan. o58e on piht pecan cul$on. Ac hi 

si hit ne pecaS outgone pihteptaa^'pej. hitmpoa ISippe pppulbe:* 

» Bod. meappienbe >»r. « Bod. him agen eajle. » Cott. goob. * Bod. 
heopa. Cott heopa. » Cott soob. • Bod.|b YpeXiaD \>t. ^ Bod. f. 
8 Cott Soob. » Cott. soob. »» (Dott goob. "Bod. pec. « Cott hic 
cyn. " Bod. ^uiijre. " Cott. hi. " Cott goob. »« Bod. peo. 
" Cott naiij>ep. *• Cott miphce. » Bod. pyhtopton. 

Digitized by 


J rr. BOBTHITTS. 87 

Nor yet does it appear to those men that they at all err, who 
are desirous to obtain this, that they need labour after nothing 
more. But they think that they are able to collect together 
all these goods, so that none may be excluded &om the 
number. They therefore know no other good than the col- 
lecting of all the most precious things into their power, that 
they may have need of nothing besides them. But there is 
no one that has not need of some addition, except Q-od alone. 
He has of his own enough, nor has he iie^^ of anything but 
that wliich he has in himself. Dost thou think, however, 
that they foolishly i magine that that thing is best deservina| 
of all estimation, which they may consider most desirable r 
iN'o, no. I know that it is not to be despised. How can 
that be evil, which the mind of every man considers to be 
good, and strivels after, and desires to obtain ? No, it is not 
evil : it is the highest good. "Why is not power to be reckoned 
one of the highest goods of this present life P JsJhaJLto-hp 
^Pfl^T]^f>(^ vMTi 9^^ ^H^1f>gp, which is the most useful of all 
these worldly things, 4lhat is, power? Is good fame and 
renown to be accounted nothing? No, no. It is not fit 
that any on« account it nothing; for every man thinks that 
best which he most loves. Do we not know that no anxiety, 
or difficulties, or trouble, oy pain, or sorrow, is happiness ? 
What more, then, need we say about these felicities ? Does 
not every man know what they are, and also know that they 
! are the highest good? And yet almost every man seeks in 
very little things the best felicities ; because he thinks that 
f he may have them all, if he have that which he then chiefljr 
'Wishes to obtain; . This is, then, what they chiefly wish to 
obtain, wealth, and dignity, and authority, and this world's 
glory, and ostentation, and worldly luat. Of all this they are 
4»irous, because they think that, through these things, they 
may obtain that there be not to them a deficiency of anything 
wished ; neither 'of dignity, nor t)f power, nor w renown, nor 
of bliss. They wish for all this, and they do well that they 
desire it, though they seek it variously. Sy these things we 
may clearly perceive that every man is desirous of this, that 
he may obtain the highest good, if they were able to discover 
it, or knew how to 'seek it rightly. But they do not seek it* 
ia the most right way. It is not of this world. 

Digitized by 




/ IXK re f ifbom Jm tSif rpell afaeb hejrbe. J>a onjan he ejt 
fm^an ^ iJuf cpa&pfllc piUe nu mib jibbum ^ecy]?an hu jnin- 
boplice Dpihten peic eallpa jej-ceapca mib ^m-(-bpiblum hif 
anpealbef. "3 mib hpilcepe enbebypbnOTe he pefta^olali ^ je- 
/met^a^ ealle jerceapca. 3 hii^he hi h8&f^ehea]K>jiabe ^ jehaejre 
mib hij- unanbinbenbhcum jiacencum. 'paglctg^ce ag; hip heafe 

y on loceqi ^ hipe ycynbe . ^»pe gecynbe ge neo to gej-ceapen 

^ jwer- buton momium'. TTUmum eftxiuMr ^ga^reoplya^ hpilumj g^ 
hioijajjecYnbe. ppaet ^^ leo . «eah hio pd tam pe, ^ papte 

/^ pacentan Wbbe. -^ hme mapnrten rw^e lup^e. anb eac onb- 
pa&be. jip hit »j:pe jebypej^j heo tlobep onbijiij^. heo popjic 

/X r^^* bipe mpan ^ ^ 

elbpana. on ting 
sapept hipe labtebp. , ^ , , , >«.«,__^^ 

/^je momia. ^e neata. 8pa bo)> eac jmbtt^aix lar. 9eah hi beon pel 
atemebe. jip hi on ^am puba peoppa]). ni poppeo^ heopa lape- 
opap ^ punia]) on heopa xec ^be . peah heopa jap^^^py him 

/j^tSonne^iogao.J'a ilcan mettar ^e hi jep ttmae miS&^ f y eneboii. 
]»onne ne pecca]? hi fapa metta. M"hl1bBPpiiba b^lgOgr Aft 

^ fmtp him pynpumpe "p^h?* T® pealb on qyepe . anb hi Xehiiian 

o]?eppa ipu^ela ptemne. 8pa bitS eac pam tpeopmn Ce him je- 

^;/ cjnbe bip up heah^to ptanbanne. peah gu teo hpelcne boh 0£ 

bime to }?»pe"^op)?an! rpelce l?utbexan_ ma&xe. ppa tn luBg,. 
Tdgtpt. n^ rppincb' he up. .! JT^isag pip hip gecynbep. Spa b^ 
iJ€Sxrfc& punne. peah heo opep mibne bag% onnXf n lutfejPQ J?jepfi 

epppan. ept-, 

^A vTpil? hine upn^r. _, ^^ ^_^ . , ^^ 

ppa hipe ypemCTS: jec^be bio. 8pa bep s&lc jepceapt. ppig^p p^ 

hip ^cjrnbg; 7^e pa;i ; en bip pjip hit a&nie to cuman mas t. 'S^ 

JO nan y pceapt x^fc^^P^^^ j^^P^ I'f Pe"^ilnise 'p hittp ' ^gp^^mafl - 

aa&g;e ponan pe Jgt a&p com/ 'p ip to pa&rte S to oripopxnepre. ^ 

leo p»pt ip mib tobe.p paet^p Eob. Ac «lc terceaiJ^ peangrf^ 

on hipe pelppe ppa ppa hpeol. ^ to pam heo ppa hpeappap ^ heo^ 

Cft cmne pasp heo aep yxy. 3 beo f ilce f he o ja gp paep. ^P5^§ 

J^pe heo utan behpeppeb pe. f f hio a&p iwrtnr feo "B '^ he^ a&li 

^t.bjbe;. ' ^.. '^ 

Digitized by VjOOQ iC 






Whek Wiedom had made this speech, then began he again 
to sing, and thus said : I will now with songs declare how 
wonderfully the Lord governs all creatures with the bridles 
of his power, and with what order he establishes and regulates 
aU creatures, and how^he has restrained and bound them with 
bis indissoluble chains, so that every creature is kept within 
bounds with its kind, the kind that it was fashioned to, except 
men and some angels, who sometimes depart from their kind. 
Thus the lion, though she be very tame, and have &st chains, 
and greatly love, and also fear her master ; if it ever happen 
that she tastes blood, she immediately forgets her new tamer, 
and remembers the Yn |d mnnnftr of her parents. She then 
begins roaring, and to break her chains, and bites first her 
leader, and afterwards w^mfanpirflr alu^ ^i^y gft^gg, both of men 
and of cattle. So do also wood-fowls. Though they be well 
tamed, if they return to the woods, they despise their teachers, _ 
and remain with their kind. Though ^^^^^ J^gghpnttlgg jjffiaj^ 
them the same igggj^ with which they before aHuioSiaw^iW , 
fegowg ^^m e : they^en care not for those meals, so that they 
aay^oy the wood. But it seems to them pjgasanter, that 
tbe weald resound to them, and they hear the1?SE8s!^f other 
lowls. So is it also with trees, whose nature it is to stand 
up high. Though thou pull any bough down to the earth, 
Bttch^ ^thou mayest bend ; as soon ss thou lettest it go , so '' 
8oon sprmgs it up, and moves towards its Kma. So doth 
*l8o the suuf- Though she after mid-day sink and incline to 
the earth, again «he seeks her kind, and departs b y unknown 
ways to hftr rigipq , and so liastens higher and higher, j^Eljllr 
she comes so far up as her highest nature is. , So doth every 
creature.. IJ. tends towards its kind, and is jojrful if it ever 
J^ay come thereto. There is _^o creature formed wbifth dft» — 
ttres not that it may come thit her wlienflft it before c amfl^ _ 
, to tranquiuityTThe rest is with God, i 

ibat is, to^ioBfraacL to tranquiuityTThe rest is with God, and 
it is God. But every creature turns on itself like a wheel : and 
80 it thus turns that it may again come where it was before, ^ 
and be the same that it was before, as often as itjstuinfid,^^^^ 
round may he what it befotre was, and may do wfeaJSlSefbre yf 

Digitized by 




/ § I. DX je pifbom ]>e iSij leop afimjenr^ fasepbe. D»*oi;^aii be 
efC fpeUmn ^ ])ar cjwft^. eala hpaBC ^e«op]dK»n men.^ P^^iS. 
eop felpe nu bim neatum jelicepoji eopfie tfyp^e. hpmc xe )>ea}i 
magon hyyt hfexo' onTitaa fpelce eop msefce ^jgc^fiwE^iam- 
JI' lcedLfze. f ir Jjc^ 'poaie fojMui pjiiiniaii aab ^one fo^an enbe 
ielcpe jef 8el]^ ^e on^ita]> ?5eah ge hine pulface ne ^ecnapan.^ ;| 
rpa T)e ^ no xe cynb eoj ^hg to pam agxite. ac eo yltabfr^ rpilHB 
maiii^ealbj^ebpola op '}?am anb^ite. Iie]>enca'5 mi hpsej^ep ineo 
mv^en cuman to ]>am fo^m ^efelj^um ISvjih ^^ a&bpea]ibaa< 

10 S^T®!)'*- PPpMft ^ pillnfi^ eaJle men cpe^ p ESJS^Ji^te: 
r» bPira . r^ ])e ]»af eop]>lican jepel^a eeJde^ li»]:]>. hpf }>e p m 
micel ceoh. otJtSe peopJ>fcipe. o®6e eall J>«f anbpeapba pda. 

y3 maege »mgne pion ^ ( Ma,rpaTOr»toe f he naner Iwater mawm 

ne^pp e.* nerft BChe. ic par'p *^1bi ne inaton. Ppi mr Wr >omie 

_ ii^ on Jy rpi)?6 fpeotc^ f iSaj anbpeapban %ob^^ ne jmt na pa p o}Km 

j Zob.^*^ poppam t$e hi ne ma^on pellan f hi ^ehata)^. Ac hcera^ 

J^ hi ^ebeptan ne ma^on. I^onne hi ^ehata)> ]«ra ]>e hi lupan 

/( pilla)> pA po]«n jigr«l}»a . tl/jlSSZaMiw. pe&b i>mi ]K»ns^hi faan 
^ela&ptan. poppam ]>e hi neopa nabba]? ina ^ime hi faeopa 

^ habl^. Iie^c 9a nu be ^ pelpum. la tSo^ror hp»tfop hu^ 
»pp« auhc nnpot p»pe i$a ]7a ]ni jepa^opt piepe." oClJe hptf5ep 

^■L'i^ 8&p)ie »iu |ep p iUm pana p8&pe'5a 9u maeptne pdan ha^pbepc. 
o9t$e hpa^gi t$m poputb ^a eaH pa&pe »ptep tSmom pillan. Bn 
anbrpoTiobeT Boe&Luy anb cpastS. Nepe la nepe. N»p ic n»ppe git 

^/nane hpiie jpa|emnep mobep . )>»p pe ic gemimaa m»ge. ]>»t le 
eailunja pc^ oppopg. f ic ppa oppopj p»pe J ic nane ^ebpe- 
pebneppe n»pbe. ne me n»ppe ^t ne bcobe ^fSi'^ ic pippte.^^ ne 

Jf me na&ppe nsep eallep ppa ic polbe. ^eab^ic hip m^. Da anb- 
ppopobe pe pipbom ^ cp8e]». Pp n»pe pu fbime ^epog ei^im. 3 

J0%erio^ unfaapjr. JS )>eah )>e ptihlte f tSu pehj p»pe. t$onne jro ojwp 
tpe^. o)$9e ka^ept; f pa. nolbqt;. ot$<$e mspbept f pa polbept. 

32 Da anbppBpobeT BoetniL I cp»J>. 6all me paep ppa ppa ])u p»b^. 

> Boet Hb. iii pirosa 8. — Vos qvoqae, O terrena, ibc. 

1 CoU. apnncsen. « Bod. hpie ^wf peop'Sbcaa men* > Cott. hpnsv- 
* Cott. oncnapen. * Bod. tcoh-S. « Cott. >ap. ' Cott. pe. « Cott. 
ealla. • Cott. J>yppe. 1* Cott. Soob. " >a ]>a >u Sepn^opt p»pe^ 
deest in MS. Bod. " Cott. pippc " Cott. unhybis. 

Digitized by 



§ I. WKsn Wisdom had sung ilns lajjtben began he again 
to speak, and thus said: O ye earthljr men, though ye now 
aake youreelres like cattle by your folly, ye neverthelesa can 
in some measure tmderstand, as in a dream, concerning your 
origin, that is God. Te perceive the true beginning, and the 
true end of all happiness, though ye do not fully know it. 
And nevertheless nature draws you to that knowledge, but 
very manifold CTror draws you from that knowledge. Consider 
nov.jwhethernaeai can arrive at the true goods through these 
present goods ; since almost all men say that he is happiest 
who possesses aJI theseearthly goods. Can, then, much money, 
w dignity, or all tins ]jresent wealth, make any man so happy 
tbat he nwy need notlnng more ? No, no. I know this, tjiat 
^ey cannot* Why, is it not then from this very clear, that 
tnese present goods are not the true goods, because they 
cannot give what they promise? But they prfetend to do 
^nat they lETe not able to fulfil, whan they promise to those 
^0 are wiffing to love them, the true felicities, and tell lies 
w them. more than they perform to them; for they are de- 
fiaent in more of these filieities than they possess of them, 
"onsider now concerning thyself, O BoethiuSi whether thou 
''Prt ever .ai^hft* uneasy, when thou wwt most pros^rous P 
or whether thei© were ever to thee a want of anything de- 
wred, when thou hfedst.most wealth P or whether thy life 
J«Pe then all according to thy wish? Then answered Bbe- 
"»w, and said : No,'0 no! I was never yet at any time of 
^, even mtnd; as far- as I can remember, that I was altogether 
fithout care: that I was so without care that I Imd no 
'^^hle: iwjr cBd all that I experienced eve» yet please me, 
^^8 it ever with me entirely as I wished, though I con- 
ff ^ft it. Then answered Wisdom, and said: Wast thou 
^^i xhen, poor enough, and unhappy enough, though it 
JJ^ed to thee that tteu wert rich ; when thou other hadst 
^bat which thou wouldest not, or hadst not that which thou 
'^ouldestp Then an»weied Boethius, and said: : All was to 

Digitized by 



/ Da cp»]) )*e pif bom. Pu ne hip a&lc mon ^eno^ eapm ]7»f iSe he 
naepp. 9onne hit hme lyj-t habban. Da&t if fo]?. cp»^ Boetiuf. 
Da cp«f fe pij-bom. Ijif he ))onne eapm bi'8. ne he ponne ne 
bit$ eabi^. pop fy he piLialS ^ he habbe^^ he me^, fy he polbe 

^ jenoj habban. Da cp»^ Boetiuf . Da&t if eall foJ> f fu fegt. 
Da cP8&t$ fe pifbom. pu ne haepbeft fu "Sonne ^a eapm^e.^Ji 
i& PV^y^^% 9T^ paepe. Da anbj-papobe ic anb cp8&]>. Ic pat -^ ty 

# fop fegft. "p ic hi hsepbe. Da cpae]? fe ^ifbom. pu ne finc^ me 

4 ponne nu y ealle fa jdan Jif ef jnibtianeapbef ne ma^on jebon 
^^ enne mon peh^ne. fpa peli^e f he jeno^ habbe anb no mapan 
ne ]>up]:e.^ -^ fpa )>eah hi hit ^ehata)> »lcum ])apa ]>e hi haefi$. 
Da cp8&t$ ic. Nir nan ^\n%^ fol>pe ))onne f fu fejft • . 

§ II."^ Da cpaep fe fifbom. AC hpi ne eapt Jni tSonne hij+je- 
J^apa. pu ne miht t$u jef eon aelce b»j f 8a ftpen^pan nimaf 

/^fa pelan op* fam unftpenjpum. ppi bif ellep aelce baej fpdc 
feopunj. "3 j-pelce jeplitu. "^ jemot. ^ bomap . baton ^ aelc bit 
"8a^peaplacef tJe him on ^enumen bif . o8t$e ept oppep gq^. 
^^iftiiirr^^r^^fif^ Ifii l cpaej). ISenoh pyhte pu fpypaft. n^^^^ 
fpa'^pu fejft. Da cpaej) he. Fop pifum pin^um bepeapp aelc mon 
2^ pultumep tAacan h \rp yflpim.f he maeje ^eheaLban hif pelan. 
Da cpaep ic.'Ppa otSfaectS paef. Da cpaep he. liip he nauht naepbe 
paep pe he onbpebe f he popleopan poppte. ponne ne tJoppte he 
na mapan pltumep ponne hif felpep. Da cpaep ic. Sop pu fe^^. 
Da onfac fe pifbom faphce. ^ cpaep. €ala f me pincp pipep- 
2^ peapb pmj aelcef monnef jepunan ^ aelcef monnef pillan ^* ic 
nu fec^an pille. f if. paette ponan te hi teohhiap f hi f cylan 

eabi^pan peoppan. f hi peoppap^lSonan eapmpan y^ 


poptJam jip ill lytlep hpaec habbap. ponne bepuppon hi f hi 
oleccan paem aepcep ppipe pe aeni^pe puhte mape habbatS. pam 

^0 |uh>yppon. pam hi ne puppon. hi pillap peah. Ppaep if t$onne fee 
jemetjunj. oSSe hpa haepp hi. otStSe hponne cymp heo. f heo 
maeje abpipan pa eopmpo^ ppam paem pele^um eallun^a. ppa he 
mape haepp. ppa he ma monna^ oleccan pceal. Ppa atenj a ] 
nu naeppe ne hinjpije.^® ne ne pypfce. ne ngfgale.^ ^ ic pene 

^^peah ^ pu p^iiu cpepan f pa peljan habban' mib hpam h 
maejen paet eall jebetan. Ac peah pu nu fpa cpepe. hit ne 

S/ majon pa pelan eaJlunja ^ebetan. peah hi f ume hpile mae^en. 

^ Boet lib. iii. prosa 3. — ^Atqai hoc qnoqae, &c. 

» Cott ypm)>e. « Cott. >yppe. » Cott. J>apa. * Cott. on. » Cott. 
anbpypbc. •Cott. he. ^ Bod.j eaffhnan. " Cott. ypm>a. •Bod. 
mapan. » Cott. hinspe. " Cott kale. 

Digitized by VjOOQ iC 


me as tbon hast said. Then said Wisdom : Is not every man 
poor enough in respect of that which he has not, when he is 
desirous to have it r That is true, said Boethius. Then said 
Wisdom : But if he is poor, he is not happy, for he desires . 
that he may have what he has not, because he wishes to have 
enough. Then said Boethius : That is all true which thou 
sayest. Then said Wisdom : Hadst thou not, then, poverty 
^nen thoii F^rt yyeheat P Then answered I, and said: I 
know that thou sayest truth, that I had it. Then said 
Wisdom : Does it not appear to me, then, that all the riches 
of this middle-earth are notable to make one man wealthy ? 
so wealthy that he may nave enough, and may not need 
mo^? And nevertheless they promise it to every one who 
poBBesses them. Then said I: Nothing is truer than what 
thou sayest. 

§ II. Then said Wisdom : But why, then, art thou not an 
assenter to this ? Canst thou not see every day, that the 
stronger take riches from the weaker? Wherefore else is 
everjr day sucli sorrow, and such contentions, and assemblies, 
^d judgments ; except that every one demands the spoil 
which is taken from him, or, again, covets that of another r^- 
^en answered I, and said: Thou arguest rightly enough j^ 
so it is as thou sayest. Then said he: On these account!*^' 
every man has need of help in addition to himself, that he 
Jnay keep his riches. Then said I : Who denies it ? Then 
said he : If he had nothing of that which he fears he may be 
obliged to lose, then he would not have occasion for any more 
help than himself. Then said I : Thou sayest truly. Then 
'etorted Wisdom sharply, and said : O, how inconsistent, in 
every man's custom and every man's will, does that thiiig 
appear to me, which I will now mention ; that is, that from 
whence they persuade themselves that they shall become 
?appier, they from thence become poorer and weaker ! Eor, 
^ they have any little, then it behoves them to cringe for 
protection to those who have anything more. Whether they 
need, or whether they need not, they yet crave. Where, 
[•nen, is moderation, or who has it, or when will it come, that 
« njay entirely drive away miseries from the wealthy ? The 
niore he has, the more men he must cringe to. Do the rich 
J«ver hunger, nor thirst, nor become cold ? But I suppose 
thou wilt say that the rich have wherewith they may remedy 
^ that. But though thou say so, riches cannot altogether 

Digitized by VjOOQ iC 

94 MOtatmuB. chap, xxtu 

/ poipifam ]w ki f culon aatoe bnj eaeaa^ {^ ibmi alee ba^ p«Da^ 
/ pp]»in ^ f eo meomi^ce pnbl. Jre- najqie %efylkb ne bi]>. pdna 
J mhse bi^ hpwt'^i^ ^if^^ E?-E^^ J!*2i ^Xf^P S^ I^^^T 

me&qr. ^e b^r^nccf- S® manespa )»n|a to eacaa pam.,fopifm 
^ Bif nan bmbl fpa- pcbj. f he mifuai &e ]ry|ipe. Ac f eo 'pcxfBt 

ne oann^ ^emcr. ne naeppe ne bi^ ^ehealb^oBi ]nB|ie iub]>eaj^ 

ac piioa)) jimle attpan Jboene he ]w|ifeJlc:ait hp^^ejf^^^ 
^ ^ ^af > aia. hpeofenban pcjan. tna hi, i]e..n]iSP.P ec ype yafe ^^ 

fflgn abon. Ac j^ej kcltl) eoim€j cp mtSe'^ sub ]Mun ]>e hi eop 

eft ^ibbian.^ 3 ]mf pn2eBbe.ep9ef!iC^pek|paKiiLb^]> ]i«m fd^ 
j^; ^tfqief hese^ep]20^^^<3im^n^peleRa';j»loq*2im^^ 

S«aos bcgite. ^ feah heepisehij-lanb nub gurenb jd^ -j ]«i 
/^eall ]>ef mibbaneapb fie hif aupealbe unbep])eobeb. ne kec ll 

hif Banpiiht of ^ mibbaiietfibe mib him mafie ]>QiiBe b^ 

fopohte hibqi % 


§ L Tp37 Uinj n»»j f e peop]>fcipe 3 fe anpealb jebcm. Sf 

J he becyin]^ to ]>am byp^an. hejnaex hme ^ebon peop]me. 3 
anbnyrn ^ eol)aiini byfjum. . Ac f onecai? fe he 

J^one ampeafe f op- 

pealb hiBe. ]>oniie neb^h&nauj^ep )>am byf^;^ 

ge. pp»f ep nu f e anpealb hsebbe ]K)ne ]^ 

4f 3^ he ajiQipcige^ imjeapaf . •) apyptpahje^^ of picpa maima OOobft. 
] plantixe top cpsextar on. Ic pat f e^ ^ re eopWfca y peaB i 

] plantixe top cpsextar on. Ic pat f e^ "p re eopTmca y peaB i 
^^i'pSmfil ^e xmv\ fenm&f tar, ac Ui j- y* anb tabna^ im]?eiyar . 1 

t$onne hi ;;gexabnab nagt)?/^ )?oime eotef" he hi natter ne ^Jfe 

f op]7am ]>apa picpa manna un^apaf n^ni^e men S®r^o]>. ^? 

]7am }>e hi mani^ cunnon. anb mani^e nim nub beot^. poppan 

■ pe f imle f eofia]? ymbe pone anpealb. ^ hme eac popf eoj). SoDOie 

30 P® SefeotS -p he cymtS to tJam pyppeftam •] to J«m J»e uf i^* 

>- Pfflp^ofte bio]?, fop ]jam]?Mum p»f 510 4 re pira liauilnf to£ 

ji\ gebeal^. ^ fpa ungeFipt»rfic€? ™pcfa&g NomVun tSone mean, i 

^ Boet. lib. ^L meCrvn '3»— Qkamris flnente W&^ ftc. 

X Boel;. lib. iii. piosa 4«^^S«I digiaiaiea banocabilein,. && 

^Cottycaa. % CoU. bpe&f hpusu >yrF«r* \«Cott.coii. *Bod, 

hu. *Cfttt..p8eble. « Cott. SibbijaB. 7Cott.Yu. « Bod. >anecan. 

« Bod. aftyjre age. w Bod. pyptpalige. " 9&\sf6 anb s&bpa'S un- 

>eapar 1 ><»niie hi SeSa^^pab hfept^, deest in KS. Bod. <* Bod. anb 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

§1. .BOKTSIUS. 95 

IKOOjedj it^ thcM^h they, somewkile maj. Por it behores them 
jBTery da j to iuid, irhat mazi eyerj day lessens ; because human 
inuit, which is .never satisfied, requires each day sooGuething 
of this iTCffkiif 8 wealth, either of elothing,. of meat, of driixk, or 
of many thiiiga/befiides. Therefore no man is so wealthy that 
be needs iM^t moie. But eovetousness neither knows limit, 
Bor ever lis liomided by necesuty ; but desires always more 
than it needs. I know not why ye confide in these perish- 
•Ueiiefaes, 'wben tJaey are not abk to xemoTe your poverty 
&HD you^ but yenncrease your poverty^ whenever they come 

I III. When Wisdom had made this speech, then began he 
agm to smigy and. thus sxEiging said :' What profit is it to the 
B^ miser, tba»t he gi^er an: infinite quantify of. these riches, 
flad obiaiin ainindance of every kind of jewel : and ^u^h he 
tiU his land with a tiieusand ploughs; and though all this 
adddle-earth ;be tuhgect to his power! He will not take 
vith him fixna this middle-earth any more of it than he 


5 L !l^o. things may dignity aod power do, if it come to 
"W lULwiae. It may make him honourable and respectable 
to ether unwise persons. But when he qoits the power, or 
^ power him, then is he to. the unwise neither honourable 
*^,i»ifedaiWe. Has, then, power the custom of extermi- 
oatmg vices, and rooting them out fr(»Q the mind of great 
nen, and plMitmg therein virtues P I know, however, that 
•ttthly pow«r never sows tiie virtues, Ipit y lleft s and gatherp 
nces ; »id winen it has gathered them, tEim it nevertheless 
*'^^ws,aad.doeB not ecmceftl tt ^m. For the vices of great 
aien sany men see : because m^y know them, and many 
*re with them. Therefore we -always lament concerning 
power, and also desqpise it, when we see that it cometh to 
wworst, and to these* who are to us most unworthy. It 
■^88 on these accounts that formerly the wise Catulus was 
^^^^^17) and so immoderately censured Nc»uus the rich, be- 

Digitized by 



/ l^am he hme ^emettetpttan on ypenebum rcpibp»ne. npcd 
nt^o mib Rompapmn ps&f f )>»p nane o)>pe on ne jettanA 
buton ]ya peopj^epaa/ Da popf eali f e £atuluf hme pop ]>i he 
i>»p on fitcan fceolbe. pop]>am he hme pijtg f)n]>e jm^efceab- 

jr gfne "3 riHi?g|^ imxemetT8&i:pn^. , Da on^an pe Dui^uf him jpb 
teccan on. f e 1-aruluf psef hepeto^a onJR^gmfi^ TP^l^ jefceabpqr 
man. ne poppape he no )K)ne o]>epne ppa fpi)»e.^he nan pice 
lie ns&nne anpealb n»pbe : • 

§ 11.^ Ppejrep fa nu mse^eon^itanhu micehie nnpeop^ ^gpe 

/Q je anpalb^ bpen^jyjmmunmebeman.pphehme unbeppej)^. pp- 
]>am a&lce]* monnep yfeThip 15y openpe. jip he anpealb haep]>. Ac 
^epe^e me nu. ic apcije fe fu Boetmp. hp )ni ppa mam^pealb 

;-" ypel haeipbept "^ ppa miclemne{>nejje on )>am pice ]« hpile ^e t$a 
hit h»pbe)t;. o6t$e pophpi pu hit ept ]7inum unpiUan^ poplece. 

/J'Pu ne papt fu f hit n»p pop nanum o)>puin^in^um. buton 
pop]7am ^e t$u nolbept on eallum tdnpun beon ^ejypa&pe y»f 
unpihtpipan c^mnjep* pillan Deobpicep. pop)>am J>e }>u hine on- 
^eate on eaQum )>m^m impeop]>ne ]>»p anpealbep. ppi]>e pceam* 
leapne "^ xm^epyddjme,^ buton s&lcum ^obum^ ]>eape. pop]raLm pe 

^^ne ma^on nauht eaj>e pecjan f fa ypelan pen jobe.^ |»eahlu 
anpealb habban. Ne pupbe ])u ]7eali na ^pipen ppom Deobpice. 

ne he t$e na nepoppape. %^ij: Se bcobe hippypix ihip unpihtpipnef 

j-pa pel ppa hip byretum ybeonlin^um &\rbe. jjii: f u nu ?[epape 

pumne ppife pipne man. }>e haepbe ppij)e joba® opephyba. anb 

J^y»jie ])eah ppi)>e eapm ;] ppife unjepa&bj. hpaaj^ep t5u polbqc 

cpefan -p he p»pe unpypfe anpealbep "^ peopjipcipep. E)^ anb- 

ppopebe Boetiup "^ cpas}). Nepe la nepe. jip ic hme ppelcne 

^ ■ jemete.* ne cpsefe ic n»ppe f he pe unpeop]?e anp^bep ;j 

/l^ peopf pcipep. Ac aelcep me ))inc)> f he pie pj^ife fe on J?ippe 

^() populbe ip. Da cpa&J) pe pipbom. iEle cp»pt h»p]> hip pun- 

bop^ipe. -} fa jipe -^ fone^^ peopfpcipe fe he ha&pf. he popjipj) 

ppife hpafe 8&lcum jbapa^^ t$e hme lupjfe. ppa ppa f^ipbom ip pe 

hehpta epaept. •} pe^^ ha&pf on him peopep ofpe cp»ptap. }wipa 

Si ip an paeppcjpe. of ejrfmetjung.^^ jnibbe ir ellen. peopfe piht- 

7 Boet. lib. iiL prosa 4. — Atqni minns eoram patebiti &c. 

* Cott, pop J>8&m hit p»p >a ppi>e micel pbo mib Rompajium f J>»p 
nane o'Spe an ne p»ton. * Bod. ap. * Cott. nnpillnm. * Bod. hrnep. 
» Bod. unsep»pne. * Cott. soobum. ' Cott soobe. • Cott. sooba. 
9 Cott mette. >» Bod. J>apse >one. ' " Cott >»me i»e. " Cott 
he. » CottfT semetsuns . 

Digitized by 


I II. BOETHIirS. 97 

5ase he observed Urn to sit in an ornamented cbair of state, 
was a great custom among the Eomans that no others 
ihould sit therein, except the most worthy. Then Catulus 
iespised him, because he should sit therein ; for he knew him 
lo be very unwise, and very intemperate. Then began Ca- 
tdus to spit upon him. Catulus was a consul in Borne, a 
lery wise man. He would not have despised the other so 
peatlj, if he had not possessed any rule, or any power. 
; §11. Canst thou now understand how great dishonour 
power brings on the unworthy when he receives it ? for every 
man's evil is the more public when he has power. But tell 
me now, I ask thee, Boethius, why thou hadst such manifold 
evil, and such great uneasiness in authority, whilst thou 
ladst it ? or why thou, again, didst unwillingly relinquish 
it? Dost thou not know that it was for no other reasons 
Int that thou woxddest not in all things be conformable to 
fte will of the unrighteous king Theodoric ; because thou 
iidst find him in all respects unworthy o.f power, very shame- 
less, and unrelenting, without any good conduct ? For we 
I cannot easily say that the wicked are good, though they have 

Kwer. Tet thou wouldest not have been driven from Theo- 
,^ Pic, nor would he have despised thee, if hia folly and his 

mjiatice had pleased thee, as wel l as it did his foolish favour- f 
Ites. If thou now sbouldest see some very wise man, who \ . 
lad yery excellent dispositions, and was, nevertheless, very 
poop, and very unhappy; wouldest thou say that he were un- 
worthy of power ana dignity ? Then answered Boethius, 
tod said : No, O no ! If I fotind him such, I would never 
•ay that he were unworthy of power and dignity. But 
Rethinks that he would be worthy of all that is in this 
topld. Then said "Wisdom : Every virtue has its proper ex- 
cellence : and the excellence and the dignity which it has, it 
fnparts immediately to every one who loves it. Thus wisdom 
^ the highest virtue, and it has in it four other virtues ; of 
FMch one is prudence, another temperance, the third is for- 
;%de; the fourth justice. Wisdom makes its lovers wise, and 

Digitized by VjOOQ iC 


/ pipief. 8e fifbom jebeb hij- Injien&aj jij^j ^ f»jie.^ ^ ^emer* 
pajre. y^^efJlSi^e.-f jiihtpire. :| aelcer job^ ]>eapaf he s^F^^ 
t5one ^e hine lupatS. ^ ne ma^on bon )» )ie fone anpealb habbai 

!>ijye populbe. ne ma^on hi nsenne cp»p: popppaoi Jwrna pe hr 
ujnat5 op hiopa pdan. jip hi hineoii heopa jecjnbe nabbaS. B« 
pam If pjnfe ppeotol f )» pican on tJam Dopnlbpelan nabba^ 
naenne ninbop qi»pc. Ac him bil» re jpglft ftftcauft piimim, ^ hg 
ne_jnap;tIu >^^T><> ^mi>^^ ^V^^J habban, "" 

' mon beo tlby * imp eop|?jia J>e hmej 

//)l?onne aBnix*^m6n" Av unpeon^a_ bil>. Jx)nne bij? a&lc bjji maa 
J)e* unpeop])pa. f^ "he mape pice hep]> aelcum pipum men. Be 
)aiti ip jenoj ppeocol. f pe anpealb 3 pe p^ ne m»5 hif 
pealbenb7 jebon najrjr peopl>pon.® Ac he hme jebe)? f y tmpe- 
opfpan* ]?e he himfcoctm^. jip he aep ne bohte. ppa hip eac pe 
/^pela ;] pe anpeatb bv rtpm. m re ne be di ]>d hme ah. »ipefL 
hiopa bif fSf popcufpa jip hi hi jemecaiPit 

§ III.* Ac ic pe mfl&j ea))e ^epeccan be pnmepe bipne. f pa 

miht ^eno^ ppeocole on^ton f )iip anbpeapbe li£ jp Jfi pe §Qlia 

/A rceabe. Ton psepe pceabe nan mon^® ne m»j b^^aa papD]iBB 

j5^S9^»lpari7irpeBpt pu nu. jiphpelc ppipe pice mon pjTip abpipes 

op hip eapbe. oppe on hip hlapopbep »penbe p»p]>. cymp Sonnf 

^'£ on'j l&llyeobiji^ role. J>»p Jwp hme nan man ne caor. ne he naenne" 

Jiffoh. ne puppum f xe^eobe ne can. penpt 9vl nueje hij^* pic» 
hme f»p~6n liitbe pjTipne jebpn. Ac ic rat j^ he ne maeg. Jjsf 
^^onne pejSfilg tiy>pc ^am p^anT^ectnbe p»pe . -} hip a^^en y»pe. 
of ^ efc pe pela pKp pele^^ a^en p»pe. paraie ne mihte he hine 
na^ poplastan. psBpe pe man on ppelcum lanbe ppelce he pa&pe 
pe he ahte. ]>onne paepe hip petfk anb hip peop}^eipe mib him. 
A^t poppam pe pe pela -^ pe anpealb hip a^ene ne beojf^jonjt; 
^ hi nine poplaetatJ.^* ;] popjr^ pe hi nankecftibehc Tob^^ jom Jiim 
r ^mm nabba li^.^M>n ^ hi lopaj^ppappipceabu. o)))ie m^Tpeah 

jmnabgWH^P «T ™ lopapppappi^pceabu. oppe mec^ peaii 
A Jjeleajfi penrfy ib no naebelre "bana b^pijena monna SioSu^^ 
pe anpealb pe'°f hehpte Xo^^ Ac Kic bip eall opep. |x)ime)» 
3S^ pican Dea|i o} )ep tpe^. oifffi fmtp^pti^fy^^B ot$^ onTiiopa 

■ Boet lib. Mi prosa 4.— jktqiie vt agnoicav v«nai| &c. 

* Bod. peoppe. « Cott. Soobep. » Bod. hme. < Cott a|>e. » Bod. 
popp«on. • Cott. bypig mon py. ^ Bod. anpealb. « Cott. peoplSpaii. 
• Bod. pyppan. >« Cott popp»m on p»m nan mon. " Bod. ne s&nne. 
» Cott IMP pela T hif. » Cott no. " Bod. popl»tan. " Cott 
fioob. " Cott 1 pe pela pie. » Cott goob. " Cott ellenbe. 

Digitized by 



\ in. BOSTHitrff. 91^ 

{imdeBt, and moderate, and patientr, and just; and it fills him 

who lofea it with every good quality. This they cannot do 

who possess the power of this worid. They cannot impart 

any yirtue to those who love them, through their wealth, if 

they have it not in their nature. Hence it is very clear that 

ihe rich in woridly wealth have no proper dignity : but the 

yedtb is come to them firom without, and they canp nt fmtn 

iithont. \m ftPfht Q^ *helr own. Consider, now, whetb^ 

%niaii isj^^ tne lesst nonouraPIe because many men deapiael^jg^) 

him. But if Miy man be tho lesa honourable, then is every Vr:^-^ 

man the less honourable, the more authority he has, 
to ereiy wise man. Hence it is sufficiently clear that power 
ud wealth cannot make its possessor the more honourable. 
;Rit it makes him the lesa honourable wb«i it eo mftft to h^gyj 
if he were not before virtuous. So is also wealth and powesr 
theworsej if he be not virtuous who possesses it. Bach of 
them is the more worthless, when they meet with each other, 
im. But I may easily instruct thee by an example, so 
thafc thou mayeat dearly enough perceive that this present 
life is Tory like a shadow, and in that shadow no man can 
attaiiithe true felicities. How thinkest thou, th^? If 
«nyyery great man were driven from hfs country, or goeth 
I on his lord's errand, and so cometh to a foreign people where 
Jo man knows him, nor he any man, nor even mows the * 
vngnage, thinkest th(tti that his greatness can m^e him 
fOQomble in that land P. But I know that it cannot. But 
tf dignity were natural to wealth, and were its own, or again, 
^<h were the rich man's own, then Could not it forsake 
1^* Let the man who possessed them be in whatsoever 
pd he might, then would his wealth and his dignity be with 
gm. Bat because the wealth and the power are not his own, 
fcerefore they forsake him ; and because they haveno natural 
^od in themselves, therefore they go away Hke shadowB or 
piaoke^Tet the false^o p^^^^p . '^^d ^^ft-imagiBfttioir of fe e li Ay jr^ . - 
^en,^ferauadies theny tliatlDower is the highest good . But\ 4i^^fjl^^ 
^ is entirely otherwise^ When the great are euher among ^~^ ' 
vtteignersy or in their own countxy among wise men ; then 


Digitized by VjOOQ iC 


/ atenpe Tsecyf fe^ mib ^efceabfipun monnum. ]K>nne hip »2]»ep 

^ pam j^f an. ^e |?am aBll?eobexan hir pela pop nauht. jit ypnn hi 

on^cap f hi ntepon pop nanum cp»fte jecopene.^ baton jop 

bypejer polcep hepinte. Ac p»p hi asnije puht a^ep otJtJeTO; 

^ cynbelicer xober an° heopa anpealbe ha&pbon. ponne haepbemhi 

fmib him. peah he paec pice popleten. ne tonleton hi no TOe- 

y cynbehce tofe^* Ac pimle him polbe f pyljean -^ hi pmle peoppe 

^ jebon. ps&pon hi on ppelcum lanbe ppelce hi pa&pon I • 

§ IV.* Nu pu mihc onjitan f pe pela -^ pe anpealb nsnme 
/O mon ne ma^an on ellenbe peoppne jebon. ic pat peah pu pene 
J/ p8Bt hi Qfi heopa.j ieniifiJcj{pe .^lne,ggL ma&jen. Ac petf^pa 

hip pene. ic pat f hi ne ma^on. pit p»p ^eo'^ ^^eonb ealle 

Romana meance t lieneto^y. TTbomepar . i J>a mapmh^b^ 

^ f peoh heolbon. p e mon tS ajplT^epbrnomiuni on xeane yeVm 

/A tceolbe , anb t$a pifertan^ pitan ha&pfeonmafeftne peoppfcipe. Nu 

/4, ^pnA npflp fcpf^a^ otSSe papa nan nif. oppe hi nanne peoppjo^ 

"^ nabbap( jipjhipa aeni^ ij*. Spa hit bip be s&lcmn papa pm^a Je 

ajen ^ob^ ^Tjecynbehc nabbap on him pelpum. oppe hpde hit 

bip to ts&leime. oppe hpilehit bipto hepi^^anne. Ac hpet piP^ , 

ZM^ ponne on pam pelan "} on p»m anpealbe jrjr ^im<^j - 
nytpyppep . nu hi nanep Sin^^ep jeno^ nabbap. ne hi nauht apief 
^obef® nabbap. tie nauht puphpunienbef heopa pealbenbum 
pellan na ma^on ', • 


DS pe p^ifbom fajJT PP®^ *r®^ haspbe. pa onjan he ( 
^^jibbijan® ^ puf cpagCT toeah nu fe unpihtpifa cynmj Neg 
^^ jjne xercvnpte mib edlum P«^tv^ ^h^^i^YW^ paftbnm, -j 

aBlcer cvnner ximmi iTn'H;ft7;i<»Tit|hft. Tm n^ p»|« Ka pAnli a&L 
/C Spitum lap -^ unpeopp. ^ bleep unpeapef ^ pipenluftep pull. P] 

he^peah peonpobejSir beoplinxar mib miclum pelum. Ac hjwl 
^OyB&Y him py bet. Ppeic jefceabpif mon mihte cpepan paet h 
J/ ftfy peopppa paepe peah he toe peopp obe : 

* Boet lib. iii. prosa 4. — Sed hoc apnd exteras nationes, &c. 

*» Boet. lib. iiL metrum 4. — Quamvis se Tyrio superbas ostro, &c. 

» Cott. cy1JJ>e. * Cott Secop'"'*- » '^'^♦* *-~.*»— «« 

oob. » Cott sio. • Bod. re; 
Cott: siebbian. 

^0j^f^ iS.I^ Sd. 

> Cott. cy«J>e. * Cott secopenne. » Cott soobe)* on. * Cott 
Soob. »Cottsio. • Bod. rercan. ^ Cott soob. » Cott so***?' 
• Cott: siebbian. 

Digitized by 





eitber to the wise, or to the foreigners, is his wealth for 
naught, when they learn that they were chosen for no virtue, 
but through the favour of foolish people. But if they in 
their power bad anything of proper or natural good, then 
would they havetthat with them, even if they should lose the 
power. They would not lose the natural good, but that would 
^\c!a^'£fflow them, and always make them honourable, let 
them be in whatsoever land they might. 

§ IT. JSTow thou mayest understand that wealth and power 
cannot make any man honourable in a foreign country. I 
wot, however, thou mayest think that they always can in 
their own country. But though thou mayest think it, I 
know that they cannot. It was formerly, through all the 
territories of the Eomans, that consuls, and judges, and the 
treasurers, who kept the mon^, which they were every year 
to give to the soldiers, and the wisest senators, had the 
greatest honour. But now, either none of these exists, or 
they have no honour, if any one of them exists. So it is with 
respect to every one of those things which have not in them- 
selves proper and natural good. One while it is to be cen- 
sared, another while it is to be praised. But what of de- 
lightful or of useful appears to thee, then, in wealth and in 
power, when they have enough of nothing, nor have anything 
of proper good, nor can give anything durable to theur pos- 
sessors ? r 


^ When Wisdom had made this speech, then began he again 
to sing, and thus said : Though the wicked king Nero decked 
Hmo^ with all the most splendid cljbthes, and adorned him- 
self Iffikh gems of every kind, was he not, nevertheless, to all 
wise men, loathsome and unworthy, and ftiU of all vice and 
debauchery? Yet he enriched his favourites with great 
riches : but what was to them the better ? What wise man, 
could say that he was the more honourable, when he had en- 
riched him ? 

Digitized by VjOOQ iC 

102 B0XZHIU8. OHiLP. xzn. 



/ §1. £)!Sfe{^ifboin)m]nfle<^a]iiii^aiha&pbe.DaQn2aalie^ 
fpdlijan^ ^ )>uf qwef. Ppa^^ }wi nu pene -^ i> pr cymoyf te> 

J ^pjipfeen. J ]*e pela. "3 re «npeal^. ]» he ppj^ luf beoplJii^;uiii. 

^ ro«ie flgnixng mon j^eboo pdigne og^e ^peafeenbne. .Da anb- 

^ jTQpebe ic ^ C]rae)>. pjihpi ae magon hi' Ppo^ ^j* wi ^i|ye 
anbpeaji&an kpe jr^punpe ^ begegi^'Soime ]i8ef cj^niBSef jpo]^. 
J hif neafe]t;. '^ p^toi pela j anpealb:* Da anbfpopebeje 
p'lrt^om anb tpe5. 6ege me im. ihp»)»eii fu aeyjie ^c^ypbejr f 
liel appmi bana. ^ jsp uf QBge, eiJliiD^ Jnipbpunobe. otSSe 

//^ .penft %u. hp»]Mp k^ jenit j lfcTO ealne pej habban nae^e fe 

bme nu b»}^. pu ,b6 pKft fi\iy\e ealle bee rmt pull^ l?apa 

T birna j^apa monna Tie cBmir f«ftp»" anb a&lc mon pat')iapa'Se 

.^ nn leotol? "^ manepim -ciTimis^e-Vcfahiyeapr p anPMdb t 1^ i>eLa . 

^ oi5 psec' be eit;>peap]? psefcla. €aiLa ea ir T ^ymCT^pp<^np]^^^^1Tlif'. 

iSV^ ]ie i]aii)>ep ne ms&g ne bme pelfne ^ebealban. ne bif blaf opb. 
to tSon '^ be ne ]>uppe^ snapan jinltumej'. ot$t5e bi beo]) be^en 
gonbealbga, pu i^ if ^ Ipevh. feo eoppe b^pe S^f ael]> fa.j& 

> cynmja anpeaib. ^ )iieab jipJiam^^nm^efiHiigef pilbmpana bi^^ 
fonne Ijckj) jg bij: anpealb. nj ^gghhn* ^'P^pl'f- p^P fj ^^^ r™^ 

-^^a eoppe 2ef8el]>a on pimumfmjum unjera&Jfa.^ Pp»c Ja 

J cjumjap. feah bi mane^pa^ tSfoba"^ pealban.® ne pealbap bi peah 

eallpa papa pe bi peatbaii p olbon. Ac beop poppam ppipe^ eapme 

on beopa GOobe. Fop]>y bi nabbap pime J^apa pe bi babban 

polbon. poppam ic pic ^ ]*e cjninj f e Jicpepe biJ?. jj be ba&fp 

^^^apan^° epmpe ponne anpealb. poppam cpsep jeo pun^ynins 
pe impibdice pen^ to pice. €ala bps&t f bit$ 2eps&b«B^JSe^ 
bim ealnepe^ ne ban;scag nacob ppeopb opep pam n^PR be 

X rmalan |?p»b^. ppa ppa me^^ pimle jic^^ bybe. pti pincf pe ritf 
'Eu pe f e pela j pe anpealb bcije. nu by naeppe vk)i]> bucan 

^^eje. ^ eapFOj)um. ^ popjum. Ppaeft fu papt ]78bctI1c cynin^ 

^/ polbe beon^* butan tJipum. "j babban 'Seab'linpealb jip be mibce. 

« Boet. lib. iiL prosa 6. — An vero regna Regumque, &c. 

» Cott. rpellian. « Cott. pilla. » Bod. o«]>e f . * Cott. J»ypFe. 
5 Cott. unj'»l>a, ® Cott. mB&nis gep. 7 Cott. ]>ioba. * Cott pealben. 
9 Bod. rpa- ' " Cott. mapon. " Bod. n». " Cott. Sit rymlfc 

" Cott. bion. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



§ I. Whsk Wisdom bad Bongihklay, then began be again 
io fipeak, and tbns said: Boat tbou thiDk that tbe king's 
fkiuiliarity, and the wealth and tbe power which he gives ' 
to his faTourites, can make any man wealthy or powenbl? 
Then aaaw^Ted I, and said : Why cannot they ? What in 
1^8 present life ia pleaaaittftr and better than tbe king's ser- 
m and his presence^ and mareover wealth and power? 
Then anawerea Wisdom, and said : Tell me, now, whether 
tj^gurhast ever heard, that it always remained jo any .a— w ho 
iSiDefore ub? or tbinkest thoa that any mn^ who now has 
it, can always l^aye it ? Dost thou not know that all books 
ge full of €Xjam)\eBo£ the m ^" ^hf*^ pre before xa ^ and eve^ 
^ knows.isonoeEning those who are now living, that froin 
° »py a kipfif power and wealt h go away , until he .afterwards 
Ijeooroes poor r Alas ! is that, then, very ezcellent wealth, 
which can presenre neither itself nor its lord, so that he may 
Aot have need of more help, lest they should both be lost ? 
^ is not this your highest feHcity — ^the power of kings? 
^d yet if to the king there be a want of anything desired, 
then that leasens his power, and augments his misery . There- 
fore theae your felicities are always in some respects infeli- 
cities! MoreoTer kings, though tibey govern many nations, 
yet they do not govern all those which they would govern ; 
^ are very wrecked in their mind, because they have not 
Bome of thoee things whi(^ tbey would have : for I know that 
tile king who is rapacious has more wretchedness than power. 
Therefore a certain king, who unjustly came to empire, for- 
nierly said : O, how happy is the man to whom a naked sword 
'Uings not always over the head by a small thread, as to me it 
®ver yet has done ! How does it now appear to thee ? How 
do weakh and pow^ please thee, when they are never with- 
out fear, and difficulties, and anxieties P Thou knowest that 
every king would be without these, and yet have power if he 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

104l boethivs. chap. xux. 

/ Ac ic pat f he ne mses. D^ ic punbpije. popbpi lu plpan 

fpelcef anpealbef. ppe]»ept$e nutSmce "^ fe man micelne anp^ 

hebbe ^ pe fpi^ ^efa&b^;. ]» pmle pilns^ 2$a&f Se'he bejitanne 

maej. o8?Je penft t$u -p fe peo^ jyipe seffi&lij. fe pmle nub 

J miceliiin^ pepebe p8&p)>. oS^e epc fe )>e »2)>ep onbp»t. ^e tSone 

t$e bine onbp»t. je "Sone ]>e bine na' ne onbp»t. Pp»])ep pe 

nu )>ince j) fe mon micelne anpealb b»bbe. iSe bim felfum 

J )>inc)> j) be naenne n»bbe. fpa fpa nu manc^om men }>m^ fhe 

ns&nne na&bbe buton be b»bbe mani^e man ))e bmi bepe.^ 

/O PpaBt p il^e^ pe nu mape'^ rppecan be psia cy nmg e ^ b a biplpnl. 

^ftpnm buton^ f 8&lc ^ef ceabpif man mm% pitan -^ bi beo]> poll 

eapme j pill unmibtije. pu ma^an ]>a cymn^ap o)>pacan 0$^ 

popbelan biopa^ immibte. )K)nne bi ne majan^ n»nne peopf- 

pcipe pop]>bpin2anl)uton beopa ]>epia pultume :• 

/S § ^^'^ Pps&t pille pe nu ellep pecjan be tSam^ ^epium. buton 
f '^ )>a&p Oft S^^yP^P 'P ^ peopjm]) bepeapo^ 8&lqie.^e. ^e 
fup]>um f »f peopef . ppiam nebpa'^® leafan^* cymnje. Ppa&t pe 
piton 'p f e unpibtpipa cymn^ Nepon polbe batan bip a^eime 
ma&^iftpe. ^ bif pojrepp sebep acpellan. faep nama p»f Seneca. 

2^ f e pa&f ui^pita. Da be hs, onpunbe f be beab beon f ceolbe. t$a 

beab be ealle^^ bif asbta pij? bif peope. l>a nolbe re cymnx j^a er 

/'I onpon. ne bim hif peopej ^eunnan. tSa he ]>a f on^eat. y?L ^e- 

13 ceaf be bim fone beaj> f ~bim^^ mon oplete olobef on fam" 

eapme. ^ Jia by be mon fpa. Pp»t pe eac jehepbon ^Papimanuf 

Jj^YSi Antonmupe tSam Kafepe ealpa bip beoplinxa^* rbej-onXortT 
•3 eallef bif polcep mwftne anpealb^^ b»pbe. Ac be bine bet ^e- 
bmban anb fii5t$an offlecua. Pp»t ealle men piton ^ pe Seneca 
p8Bf Nepone. j Papinianup Antonie fa peopfeftan. ^ fa leo- 
peftan. "3 m»ftne anpealb^^ btepbon. ^e on biopa bipebe. ;e 

^(} buton. •] tJeab buton s&lcepe rcjiibe pupbon popbone. Ppset hi 
pilnobon be^en'eallon m»jene** ^ fa blapopbap naman fpa 
hpset ppa hi h»pbon ^ leton hi boban. ac hi ne mihton^^ f 

^i bejitan. popfam f apa cyiun^a paslbneopner p «r to f am heapb 

^ti f beopa^^ eal>metto ne mihton nauht p pftanban . ne hupu 

^ Boet lib. iii. prosa 5. — ^Nam quid ego de Begum familiaribus, &c 
> Cott. pe. « Cott mide. » Cott no. * Bod. hipe. » Cott. 
ma niL • Cott butan. f Cott beopa. « Cott. mason. • Cott 
>»m. i*> Cott fpom hiopa. " Bod. leopan. "Cott. ealla. "Cott 
hme. " Cott. ]>»m. " Cott byphnga. *« Cott mwpta anpalb. 
17 Cott anpalb. " eallon m»Sene, desont in MS. Cott ** Cott 

mihten. ^ Cott hiopa. 

Digitized by 


§11. BOETHIUS. 105 

miglit. But I know that he cannot : therefore I wonder why 
they glory in such power. Does it seem to thee that the man 
has great power, and is truly happy, who always desires that 
which he cannot obtain ? Or thinkest thou that he is really 
happy who always goes with a great company ? Or again, 
he who dreads both him that is in dread of him, and him that 
is not in dread of him P Does it seem to thee that the man 
has great power who seems to himself to have none, even as 
to many a man it seems that he has none, unless he have 
many a man to serve him ? "What shall we now say more 
concerning the king, and concerning his followers, except 
tbat every rational man may know that they are full miser- 
able and weak ? How can mngs deny or conceal their weak- 
ness, when they are not able to attain any honour without 
their thanes' assistance P 

§ II. What else shall we say concerning thanes, but this, 
that it often happens that they are bereaved of all honour, 
and even of life, by their perfidious king P Thus we know 
that the wicked king Nero would hate his own master, and 
'Jl his foster-father, whose name was Seneca. He was a 
pMoBopher. When, therefore, he found that he must die, he 
offered all his possessions for his life, but the king would not 
accept of it, or grant him his life. When he learned this, he 
chose for himBe& the death, that they should let for him Mood 
™a the arm ; and they id so. We have also heard that 
mnmmiTo ^aa to Antoninus the Csesar, of all hia favQuritea^ 
Sg most beloved, and of all his people had the greatesti 
P?^er. But he gave order to bind, and afterwards to slay • 
'^ina. Tet all men know that Seneca was to Nero, and Pa- 
pinianus to Antoninus, the most worthy and the most dear ; 
ajid they had the greatest power, both in their court and 
elsewhere, and nevertheless, without any gdlt, they were 
destroyed! Tet they both desired, most earnestly, that the 
lords would take whatsoever they had, and let them live, but 
they could not obtain it : for the cruelty of those kings was 
80 severe, that their submission could naught avail, nor in- 
^d would their high-mindedness, howsoever they might do, 

y Google 

106 JftOSTHirS. CHi.P. Z3X 

/ heojia ope|iimetta..bybon jpa lipa]^ fp^ hy^ bybon. pe bokce 

him tSa naf J^ep ^eah hi foeolbon )^»t ^aec^ akBtan. ]Eop^i£?je 

J i^e hif SDp tibe »e taoSuBip, i^noe hiyhif on tib mntilofe; ^ t>u hca]) 

^ nu fe anfiealb^ *} fe pela. nu Su sehj^ebHES^jr jiast hme 

5* man^ nappeji^ biitoii^ e^ habbaane map ae poplattan ne mot 

J^eah he piUe. o)>)»e l^mt f (^iftob f eo mem^ )Napa jqieonba Jiam 

beoplm^^um^ j^apa eymn^. o^^ hpet pojifcosfc heo asnpsn 

men. f op)mm^ i$a ppienfe osuma]) mtb Htua}^ pelan. ^ ept nub pam 

J pekn ^e)x^»^. biticon fpjw):capa. Ac )» ppynb^^ ]»e hine ep jEop 

/O ]^am^^ jielan lupaf, ^ ^epita]> epc; mib Jam pelan. ^ pe(^lHi]i 

i^oane to jre^sibiim. biucon f& j»apan fe June sep f ofi Inpom-'^ ^ 

pop tpeo)mm lupebon ]»a hae^ polbon iSeah lupen ]ieah he eapm 

/} pafrpe. )« him puniab. Pydc if f v pya »qI ciJS/Be s&n^iim men ma^ 

^bagujK)nse he hnhbe on hif ^epqipasbeniieaiib oaiiif ^eji^[te 

iS peoab oa ppeoabep anlicaeff e : • 

§ III.^ Da fe fvfhGmyix fpell apehlc^^ h»pbe. ]ia on^an he 
€f c pa^aa ^ ]}uf cfm!f(lde )ie pille pnlhcejaapealb a^^aa. he foeil 
jtilian »peft ^ he hacmeaap^b hif ageni^ mobef. "j ae pe )do 
*aa^epif^dice iuibq]L])eob hif xia]»eapiun. ^ abo op hif QOobe ua- 
/^ S^pif'^ce yml^o^a'. poplsete ]>a feopin^a hif eopm]HL Beah 
he aa picfi^e op^ eeUae aubban S^<^- j^om eaptsepei^ibian 
^"^^ o9 pe ytepeapbne. fpom labeam. f if f e raj^eayt eabe J^q^ef 
2$ mibbaaeapbef . o^tet jlanb )>e_^ hafcag Th^ )>aflt ir />" |>4tt» 
peft - 

pal _ 
aaef]> he IK) ]>e mapaa ^npeail). pp he hif m^l^acq* anpeidb 

f 3 mibbaaeapbef. o^gtjjanb )>e j>e hafcag Thyte. )>aflt ir <» |>^Tr 

$.iy a^}>peft eat$e tSaJ^f^ubbaneajibef . f a&p ne bij^na^gvj*^* 

jg J^ fuffl^nJai^ ] ^ piyttepft ha^ ^ }>eah he Ba ]>»f e»l]^f pea^r 

„ aaep]> he no ^^n»pan «np«aJl>. pp he hif m^l^ncq* anpeidb 

I aa»p]'* anb xiF he j^ae y papei»l?/pi|) l» aal>eayar ^ pe a^ 

ymbfpp»€oa> y ^ 


41. £)2^ fe p^ifbcm ]» pM-hatte arunaen hytbe, ]» onj^an Ik 
ec ^annpdl 3 cp»f . If -p tinxeptfenlic pulbop tJipfe populbe 
J/ ^3 fpipe jyeaf . be pain^^ paaf geo^ fin^enbe pmn fceop. Ca be 

e Boei. :Kb. iii. nieiiram 5. — Qui «e ydlet esae potentem, &a 
' Boet. lib. iii. piosa 6. — Gloria vero quam f allaz sspe, &c. 
^ Cott. hi. 2 Cott. Fop>»m. » Bod. unlob. * Cott. anpalb. * Cott. 
mon. * Cott. nap)>ep ne. ' Cott. butan. ^ Cott. bioplmgum. • Cott 
pop>on. w Cott. >»m. " Cott. ppienb. « Cott >»in. " Bod. 
luum. ** JCoJt apeahc " Cott. >8&m. *• Cott gio. 

Digitized by 

Google . 

15 1. ^onniiTB. 107 

^liaiTB «railed %em eithor, but titay irvie obliged to lose life. 
Per he who doee not take tm^ oare for bmself, will at 

Jength be deatitnte. How doth power md wealth ii9W please 

•tl^e, now thou hast heard that .a man neii^ier can have it . 

'^intbout :&ar, nor can part with it' though he wii^ ? What 
£d the ^ssom^ of iriends vrail the favouriteB of those fcmgs, 

'er what availB it to luiy inan ? Fcff friends oome with wealth, 
and again with wealth go away, except very few. But the 
friends who bofove, for wealth's sake, lore any one, go away 
H^Wwards with 4^ wealth, and then turn to enemies. But 
tbe few, who before loyed him for afiection and for fidelity, 
l^ese would, nevertheless, love him thou^ he were poor. 
^^MMse romain to him. What is a worse ^gue, or greater 
kurt to any man, than that he have, in his society and in hfk 
preseaee, an «nefny in the likeness of a friend ? 

§ III. When Wkdom had made this speech, tiien began he 
iigain to sing, and thus said : Whosoever desires fully to pos- 
sess power, ought to labour first that be may havepower over 
^ own mind, and be not indecently subject to his vices ; also 
let him put away from his mind unbecoming anxieties, and 
'Resist m>m complaints of his misfortunes. Though he reign 
over aU the middle-earth, from eastward to westward, from 
I&dia,.which is the south-east end of this middle-earth, t o the 
id and which we cal l TbulCj which is-at the north-west end of 
^ Eslm^dle-earth, where there is neither night in suDMnfirnor 
fiy in winter ; thougOLe'rule even aU this, he has not the 
'^ ffle"p??w^ f . if he haa not power over his mind, and if hettow l^ 
^TgSarJ^hiitiself Against the vices which we have before * 
^p<^eii about. 


§ I. Whek Wisdom had sung this song, then began he 
•gain to make a speech, and said : Worthless and very false 
•is the glory of this world ! Concerning this a certain poet 

Digitized by VjOOQ iC 


I fopijeah Jnf anpeapbe Lp. he cp»J),rSia pulbop^ ))iffe populbe. 
ea. pophpi* t$e hatan^ ^yr'5^ men mib learne jremne pulbop. nu 
fu nane eapt.* Y0ji\9aa^ fe maAaanna naepf micelne 2iip.^;j 
micelne^ pulbop. ;j micelne peoppfcipe. fop bjjijef folcep penan, 

^fonne be h»bbe pop hip ^epjr&tum. Ac jepeie* me nu bpaeC 
un^^epipenbcpe pe ]>onne "f. o^JSe popbpi^® bi ne" ma^an beopa" 
ma pceamitan gonne lpapiian .p ^onne hi *^eb.eopap ^ bim man 

J on^li^ Deah mon^Mi npone lobpa^* mib pibte hepi^e . ne pceal 
Ee na t$e nabonj^^ unjemeuice^s&sman fsep pdlcep popba. Ac 

/0^?aBr\bie pceai yagman,^ ^ * 
faep ngBjjii^e ; 

um ro^ on recxxafei. Deab be nu 
bpa^bffi j ne di}> he no fe pajwp^ 

/y7« bpab rpa*^ he teohxal?.^ ^ popl)»m hi hme he ma^on eg; 

t)paBb^ ^eonb ealle eop])an. ]>eab hi on pimiom lanbe ms&^en. 

popfam | ?eah he reo^^ a num' Keheneb. tJonne bi)> be o]>pum 

/^ unbepeb . jTeah he on t$am lanbe reo msepe. "Sonne bij) he on 

!S o}?pum unma^e.^^ pop]7»m ip gaep/polcep hlipa. a&lcum men pop 

naubt to baBbenne. popj^aem hit'^' fco selcum men^* ne cy^Hf 

/f be hip jepypbtum. ne hupu nanum paln e pex ne puniaf.^ 

Del)enc nu asnert be 'S^Mn) yb^bum, SlE^hgt^aep S^gf*^^ bu 

ZO ibel ^ hujmnjc pe jilp^ bi}). popfam tJe 8b1c moH'pitlt ealle 
men op anum pa&bep comon "^ .op anpe mebeji. 0^5e ept be 
Saep polcep hhpan "] be beopa hepinje.^7 ic nac^bpaBt pe t5»f 
pa&jniaf.^^ Seah t$a nu popemaepe peon.®^ geT Tolcipce men 
hepija^. ^eab beof*^ fa popemseppan^^ j pibtlic paa jp o he- 

.^•J'pJScnne. l ?a "Se beoj?^^ mib cpaeptumrxepypyoOe ."* jj^ppam^^ tJe 
nan mon ne biJ? mibpibce pop ofpepTobe. lie pop hip cpa&pcum 
no tSy ma&ppa ne no 8y jehepebpa^^ jip he bine pelp nsepf :• 
Ppaef ep ^u nu beo afy p»;eppa pop ofpep mannep pa&gepe. bij^ 
men pul lycle Jjy bee ^eah be ^obne p»bep ha&bbe. jip be pdf 

30^0 nauht;e ne mse^. pop]7am ic Isepe "^ %m raBXenix eTo|>epna 

5/ manna jobep^"^ ^ beopa s&)?elo Co fon ppife y ^u ne tiby ge. 

» Cott. >a cp»"S be. « Cott pulbup. • Cott. pophpy. * Cott 
haten. « Cott. nan neapt. * Cott. pop>8&m. ^ Cott S^elp. ' Cott 
micel. » Cott. pege. . ^ Cott. pophpy. " Bod. hme. Cott. In. 
" Cott hiopa. " Cot qju&tman . " Cott Soobpa. " Cott no >y 
hp»]>op. »« Cott tFPgman. " Cott >y hp»>op. " ppa, deest in 
MS. Cott >• Cott htha*.' »» Cott pe. « Bod. l»ppe. » Bod. 
hi. Cott he. 28 men, deest in MS. Cott " Cott. puna«. «* Bod. 
T Xelpg. ^ Cott sylp. 27 Bod. hepise. « Bod. pac » Bod. 
Kaegina'S. «> Cott. pen. « Cott. bio«. ^s Bo<j, jropema&pan. » Cott 
fcio«. »* Cott sepupJ>obe. »« Cott pop>»m. *» Cott hepebpa. 
^ Cott soobep. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

§ I. BOXTHIUS. 109 

formerly sung. When be contemned this present life, he 
Baid : O glory of this world ! Alas ! why do foolish men call 
thee with false voice, glory, when thou art none ! For man 
more frequently has great renown, and great glory, and great 
honour, through the opinion of foolish people, than he has 
through his deservings. But tell me now, what is more un- 
suitable than tbis : or why men myv not rather ^>e^ ^p f iajpi ^ 
of themselves than rejoice, when they hear that any one Denes » 
them ? Though men even rightly praise any one of the good, 
^ught not tbe sooner tp rejoipe immoderately at the people's 
words. But at this he ought to rejoice, tha t tney speak truth 
ofbir^ . Tliough he rejoice at this, that they spread his name, 
it 18 not the sooner so extensively spread as be persuades him- 
self; for they cannot spread it over all the earth, though they 
niay in soaie land ; for though' it be praised in one, yet in 
another it is not praised. Though he in this land be cele- 
bratedy yet is be in another not celebrated. Therefor e is the 
tgg Pk^s e8tee m,to be held by every man for nothing; since 
it comes not to every man according to his deserts, nor in- 
deed remains always to any one. Consider first concerning 
birth : if any one boast of it, how vain and how useless is the 
boast; for every one knows that all men come from one 
fcther and fip^m one mother. Or again, concerning the 
people's esteem, and concerning their applause. I know not 
why we rejoice at it. Though they be illustrious whom the 
^Igar applaud, yet are thev more illustrious and more rightly 
to be applauded who are dignified by virtues. For no man 
» really the greater or the more praiseworthy for the ezcel-i 
fence of another, or for his virtues, if he himself has it notf] 
Art thou ever the fairer for another man's fairness ? A man 
\ full little the better though he have a good father, if he 
'^aelf is incapable of anything. Therefore I advise that 
thou rejoice in otheiCmen's good and their nobility, so far 
^'oly, that thou ascribe it not to thyself as thine own. Be- 

Digitized by 



/ relpim axror* p)i)wm^ He selcef moanef job' 3 hi rae^o bio|> 
ma on gaip ?^«^ft ^ ff^m^ Q^ )>«m^ ^aerce. D»t3 aa icp5»}5l 
^obef* on ]>ain »]wlo. -^ mani^e mon )*ceaiiial|> f he jwaplft^ 

It pyjifa t$onne hif elbpan p«r)«on. ^ }:op])fl»a. kiga}> ealle^ msef^ 

J*)) he polb« Hna bcrpcena nimertleaper "] hif^w^af ^pon :»^ 

§ 11.^ Da j-e fyfoota. tJa t$irjpell afiehc^ h»]!be. 'Sa cm^an he 

pn^an ymbe ^ ilce ^ cpae^m^piB^)? ealle men .faa&jEbonjf^ebene 

I jTTuman. popjwm hi ealle coman of ^um p»be)i *] l:^ anpe- 

mebeft. eaile hi beo]> pcj^ehce aoennebe. nif "^ nan punbop. 

/^fojiJ^aEB ^e an Iro b if paeben ei^lpa ypieapga . j:op)>ani he ht 
ealle jefoeop -^ ealna yecg, Se jeljb l?a&ne mniMm leoht. ^ "Saa 
monan. 3 ealle cun^a S^^^- t^*^ S^f^^^P ^^^ ^^ eop}»an. je- 
^abepobe.'ga raula '-\ ^bne lichoitian mib hif ]mjn snpealbe. ;] 
ealle mann xerceoo emn-«]>ele on gggpefpptmwP 3;e<rfabe . Ppt 

/^ofep mob ige ^e t^onne op^ o))pe meti pap eoppom jebypbUBi 
butonjanpeoTtce, nn ^e nanne ne magon metan \ui»^?elpe. ac 

-^ealle pinr temn s&^ele . 2ip_^ pillat5 ^ne'lrnuman 

, .^gii^flftn, ^ iSone pcippenb. ;j pippaiiijeopqp^ BMcep acennebnem 

Ac l?a^Tivht;'|S»^ekLbi'8 on Jyamjg^e . naep On ^am jis^ce. fp» 
;»y^yrpa T^ a&p r»bon. Ac aglc mon^' ^elaJlanxA.^^ T^ 

unjeapmu popla&t lyr pceppenb. ^ nip |ppimian pceaptr. j_bL 
• jy»)^la "3 ^o^Mi pj^pWansg^elab o|> ^ he pvn)>1iina&|>ele ; » 


^j| § I. DS pe f^ipbom t5a tJipleof^® apunjen h»pbe. ,Jwi ongan he 

i efiP pecjan ppell. "j fup cp»f. pp»t jobep^^ ma^an pe pecganjat 

:^^ftjf l?al plaBrchcan unl?eapar. ppfam fpa hpa ppa hr popla&tan pile. ^ 

2 5 pnJai y|) oiian miccle neapaneppe -^ mamte ™ > ^j jn}>i ^ - pop]^am 

2/7 J22» opeppj^ll pmle per unfeapap.'^ 15a impeapaplabbajr opep- 

' v^Tive hpeoppnnja. ;j peo hpeoppmj ne beojy na bntan popje 5 

bucon neaponeppe. Gala eap hu mane;;^a1abla, ^ hu'miccl pap. 7 

30hu micele** p»ccan. -j hn micle unpotneppe pe h»}:}>. ^e fone 

Sd ponpillan haepl? on Sippe populbe. "3 hu micele ma penpt "8u -p hi 

e Boet. lib. iii. metrum 6. — Omne hominum genus, &c. 

^ Boet lib. iii. prosa 7. — Quid autem de corporis voluptatibus, &c. 

1 Cott jron)>»in. » Cott. soob. « Cott. \>»m. * Cott. ^o6bep 
« Cott. jfiojip>e. « Bod. eallon. 7 Bod. ge^eon. s Cott apeaht. 
» Bod. et Cott. copper. " Cott. hotJ. " Cott Soobep. " Cott 
micla. J ^ 

Digitized by VjOOQ iC 


§ I. BOB»rHT0S. 

cause eyery man's good, and his nobilitj, is more in the mind 
than in the flesh. This onlj, indeed, I know of good in 
aobilitj ; thst it shames many a man, if he be worse than 
his ancestors were; and therefore he strives with all his 
power to reac^ the masners of some one of the best, and his 

§ II. When Wisdom had finished this speech, then began 
lie again to sing about the same, and said : Trolj all men had 
a like beginning, for they all came frbm one father and from 
one mother : they are all, moreover, bom alike. That is no 
wonder, beeanse one G-od is fatfaeor of all creatures ; for he 
nHtde them all, and governs them all. He gives light to the 
sun, and to the moon, and places all the stars. He has 
created men. oxei the earth, joined together the soul and the 
^)ody by his power, and made all men equally noble in their 
original nature. Why do ye then lift up yourselves above 
other meuj on aecount of yonr birth, wxthont cause, since ye 
can find none nnnoble, but all are equally noble, if ye are 
Willing to remember the creation, and the Creator, and more- 
over fte birth of every one of you ? 'Rn<<b»nft -nnhilitY ia in, 
th^mind, Tipt jp iihft flAa)^ as we have before^aii But every 
Dian, who is altogether subject to vices, forsakes his Maker, 
^ bis first origin, and his nobility, and thence becomes de- 
SNed till he is u^oble. - 


§ I. Wheist Wisdom had sung this lay, then began he agaST 
to make a speech, and thus said : What good can we say of 
'te fleshly vices ? 'For whosoever will yield to them shall 
Stfer fflsea t anguish and many troubles. For intemperance 
^ways nourishes ncesjt and vices have great need of repent- 
ance, and repentance is not without sorrow an& without 
Jj^^g^iiah. Aim ! how many diseases, and how great pain, and 
Jiow great watching, and how great sadness, has he who pos- 
Besses wicked lust in this world! And how much more 

Digitized by VjOOQ iC 


/ f cylon habban aepceji f ijye populbe eblean heopa 2;ee8pnimja.^ 
2, fpa f pa piptcgnj. beapn -] Jypopa)? * micel eapp o)>u. »p:ep ]Kun 

t$e heo 8&P micelne lujr bupEteah. pop )>y ic nat' hp»c; ]» 

// populb luftaf myneyr* bpenjaf heopa*' lup^enbum. Xjip nu 

J^hpa^ cpij) -p fe'ti'eo' jef»lij. fe t$e hif populb lujt:um® ^dlum 

pul^a^^. hpi nyle^ lie cpe]>an eac f Sa n^tenu feon jefseb^e.^^ 

pop^am^^ t$e beopa^^ pilla to nanmn o]ypum ]>inpim nif a^enob. 
^ buton to jipepneffe ^ to ppaennerre. 8pif e jepunjnm^* bit bi> 

J mon pip h»bbe^* i beapn. Ac peab manijcifeapn beof je- 
10 jrpyneb^* to beopa^" elbpena poppjrpbe. pop])am be mani^ yn 

rpelc^^ |op hipe beapne asp heo hit popf bprnjan^® ms&je. 7 pe 
/'-iileopnobon eac f hpilum jebj^pebe ppife mi^epunebc 3 unge- 

cynbebc ypel. f ^a beapn jetpeopebon betputT^m t* pepebon 
v mbe gone pa&bep, je pupfonT^^ PyPF® P»r- P® seheopbon''''^ 
jmei je^pa 011 ealbum ppellum. jj puin punu opploje hip p»b^ 
" ic nac humeta. buton pe piton f hitTunmennirdic*^ b»b pgp 
'/Vppaet aelc mon maBj pitan hu heri^Tronx men oeol) reopcemaa 
/ hip beapna. ne tSeapp ic t5e "beafiyrecjan. popbam t$u hit h»gt 
/y afflibab be^^ je pelpuni. Be l?a&peTh»Fexan'^emenne beanna . 
J^cpa&f mm maBJij-tep 6upipibep. •p hpilum jebypebe tJam heapb- 

pele^m.^ f him pepe betepe ]>8et he beapn n»pbe "Sonne he 

h»pbe : • 

§ 11.^ Da pe f^ipbom t$a ]7ip ppell ai^t h»pbe. t$a on^an he 

ept xifebiaP* ^ 3 fup pn^enbe cp8e]y.'Tpp»t pe yp^l^ pifltfhm* 
;?/ p ihtha&me{)ep ybpep S'fe idneah » lcep hbbenbe p monnep Cbob . 
/^ Spa ppa peo beo pcSJIlopian, l?onne heo hp»t yppmS^JSSSf* 

ppa pceai aelce jtipl "g ftppeop^an »ptep tJam unpihths&mebe. 
£f buton pe mon hpeoppe to jobe 1 • 

* Boet. lib. iii. metrum 7. — Habet omnia hoc voluptas, &c. 

* Cott. eapnunsa. ' Cot€J beapneacen pip [>popa'S. » Bod. pat 

* Cott. mypgep. » Cott. hiopk. « hpa, deest in MS. Cott ^ Cott 
pe. ■ Bod. luptap. • Cott nele. " Cott netenu pen sepvleso* 
" Cott pop)>»m. *« Cott hiopa. i»-Cott pynpum. " Cott habbe. 
" Cott septfiuneb. " Cott hiopa. " Cott^opppilt. " Cott 

bpensan. w Cott. pip>um. ' » Cott. hepbon. *' Cott nnmen- 
nipchcu. « Bod. apinben bi. ^ Cott bipegan. « Cott heapb- 
p»lSan. » Bod. ygbbiatL 


^ /K^- ^^ 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

§ II. BOETHItJS. 113 

thinkesfc thou thej shall have after this world, m ihe re- 
tribution of their deserts ? even as a woman brings forth a 
child, and suffers much trouble, after she formerly has ful- 
filled great lust. Therefore I know not what joy the worldly 
lusts bring to their lovers. If any one say that he is happy 

I who fulfils all his worldly lusts, wherefore will he not also say 
that the cattle are happy, for their desire is extended to no 
other things, but to gluttony and to lust. Very pleasant is , 
it that a man have wife and children. But nevertheless 
nianj children are begotten for their parents* destruction. 
^or many a woman dies by reason of her child, before she 
can bring it forth. And we have also learned that formerly 
& most unusual and unnatural crime happened, that the 
Aliildren conspired together, and lay in wait for the father. 
And moreover, what was worse, we have heard, long ago in 

I ancient histories, that a certain son slew his father. I know 

I i^ot in i|hat manner, but we know that it was an inhuman 
deed. Besides, evCTy one may know, how heary trouble to 
a man is the care of his children. I need not, nowever, say 

I that to thee, for thou hast experienced it of thyself. Con- 
cerning the heavy care of children, said my master Euripides, 
that it sometimes happened to the unhapny, that it would be 
better for him that he had not children, than that he had. 
§ II. When Wisdom had ended this apeech, then began he 

i ^ain to sing, and thus singing, said : Alas ! the evil desire of 

\ ^wful lust disquiets the mind of almost, every living man. 
As the bee shfdl perish when she stings anything ansrily, so 

•shall every soul perish after unlawfd lust, unless the man 

;^rn to good. 

Digitized by 




/ § I. DK fB P'lrbom tJa }nf leoJ> spmsen li»]:be. ]3 ^ opga n h 
^ «ft r pelliywi ^ 3 tSuf qwef. Fo p^m jaiy nan cp eo f l>«r iS 

f o]mm ^ef»l]7iim. 3 he namne n^ TnaRy'^ e] ;>p mym* ]>«p he * 

ji%eheic. f ir^»^ !^*"* hehftan jobe.* Ac ic t5c maej mib 

fOfibam ^efe<^^ hu mane^a j7:ela 6a pelan pnc S^j:^ 

y Ppigc bu tkmiietmfiiie. imfe Jwpe jitfanje f«f yeoj-. nn ^1l 

' na ImTWler bergtm ne iniht. bucop 1>u ^'^ p ftpp^lg. ^^!£l3 

jr pei^e. ■otsaJ Ta.beH>fici|e. ^ faeji fa^ hit ISMjjx^* ]K>ime paai 

/C>hit c^pam. Da jwlbeft nn beon* fopemwpeSpeojijTCipe. 1 

pffaf habban fdt. ]»oniie fceak ]ni oieccan ]^)m& eapmlrtl 

>8nb fpi]w *ea&moblice ]>{iin7 ]»e ])e to ]>am ^epiltnmian mci 

Eip "^u i$6 pile bon man^^ betepan "3 peop}^axi. ^ime fc«i 

Jm tie la&tan aner pj^ifan. pa ne ii* f ^onne ram J>aB Lepm]wl 

/jrtaftmon fj» pappehci^ TC^jpulpian to gam^^ l^e him gP 

[c^. Ai^ealbef ])ii ]pihiaft. ac t$u hme neej^ie opf op^e ne (l 

^tft. pop 89l)>eob^!;ioii. 'j %exP^ ma pp ISiciiin a^ennm 
3 flon^uai.^' Ij>lpef fu jipnept. ac )ni hme ne miht 
opfop^e. ]X)p]^ain 9u fceelt habbto pmle hpset hfe^;^' 

^(>feapbef -j im^etefeji.** ©u polbeft nu bpncanfcny j eini 
.WwnBgrre . ac Ce pijla]> "Sonne fopfeon Itobej^* ]«opaf. pop] 
fe ptn fepij^^* jilttfc hfi|:a]> ]>in anpealb. nalfl&f ]ni hif . pa 1 
imon ■eapx^^eofi {|eb»pon. jKmne mon hme tmbep^be^' 

I pepetan ]d»fce. "3 nelle hif jefceabpipan raule. Jjjfigfgjup 

^.^q reon*^ manan on eoppum hchoman 'Sonnelelpen b..o'Sge ftpe 

pan^^ "Sonne leo ot^tJepeapp. oCfee fpijt^ian ])onne tijpif f 

3 Seah ]ni paepe eallpa monna pa&^oft on phte. anb 

polbept ^eopnhce 8&jt;ep f^ifbome fpypigan. o]>]>fiet Jm 

^ piht on^eate. tSonne nuhteft^® fu fpeotole onjiton f e 

'^ Boet lib. iii. prosa 8. — ^NiM igitur dubium est, &c. 

» Cott. rpellian. « Cott myji'S T Je^ * Cott. m»Se bpms&n- * CbI 
Soobe. >Bod.peaz. « Cott bion. ^ Cott. J>i»m. « Cott ypn* 
» Cott pepehce. >• Cott J)»m. " Cott gic. « Cott m»Siii 
>» Cott hjrusu. " Cott ungetterer* " Cott soobe Leber. ^' Cd 
pepie. " Cott nnbeiijnebe. " Cott pen. »» Bod. rccnjg* 

*^ Cott meahteft. 

Digitized by 



\ I. BQBTHI1T0. 115 


§ I. Whjq7 Wifldoni had Bung this lay, then began he again 
to speak, and thna said : Therefore there is no donbt &at this 
present wealth obstrnds imd fadnders those men who ane in- 
tent upon the true felidties ; and it can bring no one where 
it promised him, that is, to the highest good. Kit I can in 
1 lew words declare to thee with how many evils these riches 
Aie filled. What meanest thou, then, by covetousness of 
moDej ; when thou no how ^e canst acquire it, nnless thou 
fteftl it, or take it by force, or find it hid : uid wheresoeyer it 
ncroflses to thee, it decreases to others ? Then wouldest, 
then, be illttstrious in dignity ? But if thou wilt have this, 
then smst thou very meanly, and very humbly, flatter him 
who is able to lielp thee thereto. If thou wilt make tiiyseif 
gi^lier and more honourable than many, then must thou 
-suffer thyself to be inferior to one. Is not this, then, s(Hn£- 
whst of ^ia^rg^. that a man mn i^ so anxtously cringe to him 
tto^ugPtbeyMwr^ ot-giWb^hto him ? Of power thou af^ 
"OeSoui? Bnt thou never obtainest it without danger, on 
i^eount of £)reigners, and still more on account of thine own 
^Bien and kindred. Of glory thou art desirous P But thou 
cuist not harre itinritjiout care: for thou shalt have ^ways 
Axmething adTerse and inconvenient. Thou wouldest, then> 
^joy immodacat e lus t ? But then thou art desirous to 
•^pise God's servanfs^inasmuch as thy vile flesh has the 
tJ&astery of thee, not tiiou of it. How can any man conduct 
tJiiniself mcnre wretchedly than when he subjects himself to 
^ vile flesh, and will not to lus rational som ? If^ then, ye 
were greater in your body tLan the elephan t, or stronger than 
the lion or the bull, or swifter than tbe tiger, that wild beast ; 
^iid if thou wert of all men the &irest in beauty, and then 
wouldest studiously seek after wisdom, until thiou couldest 
per&otly understand it ; then mightest thou clearly perceive 

I 2 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


betepa 1>onne ealle t$a o]yyieic ji»gaj: » ^e pe »}i ^be fpjis&con ;• 

J § 11/ Behealba]? nu ga g^^erre. 3 }>rff ra&rtnerre. ^ 

hnipfeTOTmorr i ^^^irr i r Vheo^^ g^. Cpnne maxan xe onxicon f he 

If eallef nauht pljnnfyceoppenb to metenne'] pi]> hif pealb^ 

f Ac ^1 ne l»tex^ ep2.]>onne a^pQotan^ ^ je ne panbpien 3 ne 

hepijen ^ te imnytcpe if* f jT j^®r eopflica pela. fP^ rpajj 

/ heocoi^ ir betepa anb healiqia ;||^»jeppa t$oime eall bif nmuifli 

buton monnum anum. rpa if faef monner lichoma betenal 

beopp^]^ Sonne eafle hif »hta. Ac nu'imceie pmcprf 

^ t$onne reoiptpl betene t beopTFynlme Sonne feilichoma. Bk 

/^ Sonne reoirapl betene 

///jef ceaj* if_^o apiaime be Lipe'anbepne.* 3 fymle fioTieh|t« 

/^Tfpifoft ppf »m* If f e "gobCtmba anpealb^ to apianne. 3 » 

//f- ^bpian ne. •] to peop]naime opep ealle* of pa jefceapta. ^ 

l^Qa&fTichoman If ^ibe MionbeJ -^ rpi])e tebpe. anh rpite 

aniic eoppan bloftmum. t>ean nu hpa f eo® rpa^asyp. fpa jf* 

Alcibiabef f e BBSebnj pa&f . 2;ip bpa bif fpa fceap pfene^ f he 

^(yms&^e hine Suphfeo ih fpa fpa Apiftotelef fe uSpita f a&be )«Be 

beop p»pe. f mibte »lc pi^t ]mphf eon. je tpeopa. je Fupponi 

^ ftanaf . ^et beop pe hataS lox. ^ip Sonne bpa p»pe fpa fceagfc 

jignfi -p he mihte Sone cniEt Suphf eon^*^ Se De aep ymbe fpp«* 

con. Sonne ne puhte he^im no mppn" rpa' jfea&tep fpa he ucaa 

^/)>uhte. ]>eah Su nu hpaiJ ia&jCep 1?ince. ne bi]y hit no ]>y pa]M)p^ 

f pa. ac f eo un jef ceabpijmef heopa ea^^ena hi mypp^* -p hi ne 

ma^on on^iton ^ hi pefceapial^ntan. nep mnan. Ac ^e])enc^ 

nu fpipe jeopnhce 3 xefceabpiflic dfmeal?^ hpelc faftf jl»fclicaB 

job^* pen. •] Sa ^ef »lpa Jw je nu unjemetbce pilnia]>. Sonne 

^0 majon je fpeotole onjeotan -p l >apr bchoman la&yp 1 hf 

» ftpeon Sa ma^on beon ajreoppeb^'* mib )>peopa ba^a pefpe. 

Fopfam ic f e pecce eall "^ ic ]>e ep pehte." poppam ic polbe 

pe openhce ^epeccan on Sam enbe Sirer capitulan. jjte ealfe 

3/4 paf anbpeapban job*® ne ma^on ^elttftan heopa lupenbumf 

1 Boet. lib. iiL prosa 8. — ^Respidte coeli spatiam, &c. 

> Cott. metanne. « Cott if. * Bod. anb efne. « fymle jw 

hehfte fpihoft }:op>»m, desunt in MS. Bod. * CJott anpalb. • Cott 
ealla. » Bod. jrlopenbe. • Cott pe. • Cott. fceapppene. *• Co*| 
|>uphpon. " Cott mnan. "* Cott hp»>op " Bod. easanhi 
ameppaS. " Cott pneaseaS. " Cott soob. »• Cott ftpenjo 
m»s bion afyppeb. " Cott peahte. "» Cott Soob. 

Digitized by 


I n. BOXTHIUS. 117 

bhat all the powers an d the faculties w hich we have before 
spoken about, are not to oe coinparea with any one of the 
Sculties of the souL Indeed, wisdom is one siiyrle facultVL 
pfthe sonL and yet we all know tkat it Is better than all the 
other faculties, which ^©JliSSSisfeE? spoken about. 

§ II. Behold now the' ^a^S SS ^^nd the firmness , aad-ttte 
wi ft c ourse of tUs heaven. Tben may ye understand that it 
» absolutely nothing, compared with its creator, and with 
its ruler. Why then suffer ye it not to warn you, that ye 
should not admire and praise [that which is less perfect, that 
18, earthly wealth ? Even as theheaveilis better, and hig her^ 
and fairer than all whicb it includes^ except men alone -, po is 
!g an'B body better and more precious than all his possessions. 
j5t how much t^iinkest thou, then. tEe"soul better, and more 
^cious than the bodv ? Every creature is to be honfliire d^ 
,jj Its measure, and always the highest in the greatest degree. 
Therefore is the heavenly power to be honoured, and to be 
admired, and to be adored above all other things. The beauty 
^the body is very fleeting ^ and very frail, and very like the 
flowers of the earth. Though any one be as fair as Alcibiades, 
the noble youth, was : if any one be so sharp'sighted ^ that he 
can see through him, as Aristotle the philosopher said that 
J^d beast was, which could see through everything, both 
wees, and even stones, which wild beast we call lynx; if, 
then, any one were so sbarp^sj ghted tfiat he could see through 
the youth whom we haje beforespoken about, then would he 
fijt appear to him so fair within as he outwardly seemed. 
Though thou seem fair to any one, it is not the sooner so ; 
"ttt the imperfection of their eyes hinders them, so that they 
^nnot observe that they behold thee outwardly, not inwardly. 
^Qt consider now very carefully, and inquire rationally, what 
these fleshly goods are, and these felicities which ye now im- 
IJjoderately desire. Then may ye evidently perceive thflt ^-^ff 

"ags s of thg Ji p j jijf T fii^d i^s strength, may be taken away by 
. ee day 8^ fever. I therefore say to thee all that I have be- 
fore said to thee, because I would clearly prove to thee, in 
^ne conclusion of this chapter, that all these present goods 
^ttaot perform to their lovers that which they promise them, 

Digitized by VjOOQ iC 


f hi him ^Aattn:^ f^f hehfte ^b^ f hi him ^ehmfc4|>. Deah k 
nu 2;esiibe]us«i ealle faf anhpeapban job.' nabba.^ hi no t$e 
pa)»op pillj^mob 2;ob^ on ])am. ne hi ne magon jebon heopa 
lupenbaf fpa peh^® fpa ppa hi polbon :• 

J § 111.°^ Da f e f^ifbom i$a |>if ppdll apeht haofbe. pa anjan he 
efc ^bbi^B. ^ ]nq* f m^enbe c|r»]d|^Bala ]ia. hu hep^ "j hu^jpfM^ 
«.!.-. ^^^-'-^ j^ lY ^e "Sa eapman: men tebpda^ n akec oy ]waK^ 

pihtan fe 

^e. fe pe^ if ISob. pp»)>ep ^e mi fecan jcib oa' 

tpeopum. ic pat iS«ah ^ ^e hit ^sefi ne feci^'. ne pnbg jcejhg^. 

/() ng. F^P)'*!!!^ ^^ ®t^^ ZQ^>^ piton f hit ])aji ne peest. ge ma >fl i 

pmmaf peaxap on pinjeapbum. Pp»)ye[i ^e nu fettan eopeji* 
nett on Sa h^ftan bune. t^nne xS harciim pfla^. ic pax: te^': 
f ^e hit y«ji ne fetta]>. Pps^^ep ^e nu eop^ hunbaf aab* 
eopep net ut on t$a f» Isebon. tSonne ^ehuntum pi}]a]>. ic pear 
/5)'eah f ^e hi Sanae fetton up on bonnoL ^ mnon pubom. 
PpsBt f If punbophc Jnec TiaonnpJle men piton f hi pculoi 

/'/ fecan be ya& |»pol>e.^ ^ he sea oppum sfr^ep ^ hpite ^immaf . 
je peabe. 3»Icefc^Bnef pmcyn. 3 hi |nton eac on hpeknffl' 
p»tepum 3 on se^pelqia ea mu]mm hi fcuhm pecan pf of . 7 

^^ ealne ]>ifne anbpeapban pekn hi piton hps&p hi pecan f culun. 7 

2/ })one fpif e una^otenLce. feca}^. Ac hit if fpi^ <»|imhc ^laf 
•p &i b^fe^^ men fmt selcep bomef fpa bhnbe.'^ hi vftatr 
hp»p tki f opan ^ef 8^]>a fintf'jehybbe. ne popjmm nanetlu^ ' 
b^ nerre aabb8& K? to fecW iff^, ac pena)> f hi mse;|on dtf 

^/^fjTuh ia&nan ^ on gifoni beabhcm n to gmn pnban HHjdfmf 
^efSBljNi. f If Ijob. Ic nat nu huj^jnme heopa bfji^ eall ffa/, 
fpeot(de apeccan ^ fpa r pj^J^^BlA Twi ic polbe. p^ijpam htf 
pnt eapmpan ^ byp^an "^ un^6f»ii^aa t$onne sc hit apecaii] 
mae^e. f^dan 3 peop)»f cipef hi piUma)i. 3 tSonne hi hme habba)»^' 

^ "Sonne penaJS hi fpa un ^epitpiBe pset hi habban 9a fo)7an ;e*' 
I f»lj>a:. 


§ I. IjGNOIj ic t5e haebbe nu jepeht* ymbe )«, anhcneffajj 
ymbe 9a f ceabpa p»pe fof an ^^f aelj'e. Ac jip fu nu rpeotot;^ 
^^ ^ecnapan miht 9a anlicneffa ]7»pe f opan jef adj^e. 9onne pfftit^ 

"■ Boet lib. iU. metrum 8. — Eheo, quam miseros tramite devio, &c. 

^ BoU. lib. iiL prosa O.—Hactenos mendacis formam, &c 

1 Cott. soob^ ' Cott soob. » Cott Soob. * Cott Se]>eaht. 

Digitized by 


§ I. BOBXHIUB. 119 

bhat is, the supreme good which they promise them. Though * 
bhey collect ti^ether all these preseat goods, thej have not 
bbe sooner perfect good therein ; neither can they make their 
[Qim as wealthy as thej wish. 

§ IIL When "Wisdom had ended this speech, then began 
be again to sing, and thus singing, said : Alas ! how grievous 
Uid how dangerous the error is which sedaceth misefable men 
and leads them firom the right way ! The way is God. Do 
ye seek gold on trees P I know, however, that ye seek it not 
tlieie, neither find ye it ; for all men know that it grows nof 
tbewy any more thtm jewels grow in vineyards. Do ye set 
your net on the highest hill, when ye are minded to fish P 
But I know that ye set it not there. Do ye carry out your 
hoimcis and yomr net into the sea, when ye wish to hunt ? I 
tbink, however, that ye then place them upon hills and in 
woods. Truly it is wonderful thati diligent men know that 
tliej must seek on the sea-shore and on river banks both 
vrhite jewela and red, and gems of every kind ; and they know 
also in what waters, and in what rivers' mouths they must 
seek fishes, and they know where they must seek all this 
present wealth, and incessantly seek it. But it is a very 
iiiusaable thing that foolish men are so destitute of all judg- 
Jttent, that they know not where tHe true felicities, are hid, nor 
^dee d have they any desire to seek them ! But they think 
tfiitin these &ail and perishable things they can find the true 
l^ppinesB, that is, God ! I know not ^y ^I^gan their folly 
all BO plainly declare, and so CTeatly'^Sflfee "^f i s i would , for 
they are more miserable, and more foolish, and more unliappy. 
than I can explain. Wealth and honour they desire ; and when 
they have it, then think they, so unwise ! that they have the 
true happiness ! 


§ I. Engtjgh I have now declared to thee concerning the . 
resemblances and concerning the shadows of the true happi- 
aess. But if thou canst now clearly understand the resem- 
blances of the true happiness, then afterwards it is necessary 

Digitized by VjOOQ iC 


/ If ]>eap|: f ic fe hi relpeTjecece.* Da anb|r^be ic '} cj^f. Nu 
ic onpte openLce ]y8&txe a&lcef ^obef^ S^^^S ^^r ^^ $ipim 
populb pelan. ne a&lts&pe anpealb nij* on nanum ff pulb juce. ne 
f e ycipB. peop]yfcipe nif on tSiffe populbe. ne }>a ma&rtan magpfe. 

J* ne pnt on Jryjje ^pulb Sylge . ne feo hetirteTblir mr on jwaT 

r1»|-n1ifiiyTn ^^yj^nTn-''Tla: ahbfpopebe fe yijbom n q^]y. ppafqi 
]ni nu pullice on^ite pophjn hit ]H)nne fpa feo. £^ anbfpapebe 
ic 3 cpse]>. Deah ic hif nu hps&t hpe^^ on^ite. ic polbe tSeah bit 
piUicop •] openhcop op 8e onjitan. Da anbfpopobe j*e f^ifbom 

/C7 7 cp»^. lienor fpeotol hit if paette "^ob^ if anpealb 3 unto- 
baeliblic. J>eah hine bvnie men on mani^ bselan.^ t^onne hi 
I bpeh g enbe^ recal> f hehrte tob op ^^ fog ^pan^ ^ eff^eafCA. 
PpseJ^ep pu'nu pene "p pe nahtep mapan ne t^uppe. fe 8e 
msepme anpealb h»p]» ]»if]*e populbe Da anbfpapebe ic ejt ;) 

^//cpse]». Ne pecje ic no "^ he nahtef^^ mapan ne tSuppe. pop)«ni 
ic pat f nan mp fpa" pelij f he pumef eacan ne ))uppe. Ba 

/> anbfpopobe pe pifbom anb jcp»)>. Cenox niht gu fey t- t^ah hpa 

(\ anpealb hs&bbe. ^ip o)>ep h8&p]» mapan. be]>eapp pe unrtpengjtt 
j)«f ftpen^pan pulcumef . Da cpB&p ic. Gall hit ip fpa feu p e2xc. 

Z^O Da cpgeip pe J7if bom. Deah mon nu anpealb t r enC to to tpasm 

j» / pmxum nemne^ tJeah hit if an. Da cpse]> ic. bJRnneoincp. tm 
he cp»)7. f^enpt )m nu -p p e anpealb "3 '^j teni^ peo^^ to pp- 
feonne. o^6e ept fpifop to peop]>ianne l^onae oppe job.^' i>a 
cp»p ic. Ne mse^ n»nne mon ysey tpeo^an f te anp«alb "jj^ 

J>Sj^Jjjg^X fcntnftypj)ift^ng. Da cpa&p he. Uton nu. ^ip fe \y& ]rmc6. 
jeecan^* pone anpealb 3 f IsgHfeS- ^^ l^^P peoppp ape to. ] 
^epeccan ponne ^a ppeo to Jinum. Da anbfpopobe ic anb cp»}, 
Uton p»f poppam hit if fop. Da cpep he. Ppepep pe poime 
pjnce unpeopj* 3 jinmaBplic p eo ^e^abepun^ Capa ppeopa pmpu 

jofeonne pa ppeo bip to anum jebon. oppe hpsepep hit ^e efc 

J/ pmce eallpa pmja peopphcopjc 3 maetJicort. jip pu eni^e mon 
cupep t tJapa pe hspbe s&lcep pinjef** anpealb. 3 selcne peopp- 
pcipe haepbe.Jrpa popp f he na mapan ne poppte. ^epenc nu^ 
^eop]?hc J hii /ronemfeplic ^e polbe pe mon pincan. anb 6eah he 

J5 nu pa ppw nepbe. jip he n»pe hhfeabij.*® Sonne y»jie hm 

» Cott set»ce. « Cott soobep. » Cott pie. * Cott hpoj?o. 

« Bod. et Cott. Lob. < Cott tobnUtn. 7 CottSytobfiDJafi.. • Cott. 
p»mpan. » Cott naubcef . »« Cott nauhfcef . " Cott \mf, " Cott 
pe. " Cott o-Spu soob. »« Cott ecan. " Cott hncep. "Bod. 
hbf Seabis. 


\ X. BOXTHIVS. 121 

that I show thee itself. Then answered I, and said : Now I 
plainly perceive that there is not enough of- every good in 
these worldly riches; nor is perfect power in any worldly 
authority; nor is true dignity in this world; nor are the 
^eatest honours in this world's glory ; nor is the highest 
pleasure in the fleshly lasts. Then answered Wisdom, and 
said: Dost thou fully understand why it is so? Then 
answered I, and said : Though I understand it in some mea- 
sure, I would nevertheless learn it more fully and more dis- 
tmctly from thee. Then answered 'Wisdom, and said: It 
ia sufficiently clear that good is single and jndivisihle, though 
foolish men divide it into many, when they erring seek the 
highest good in the worse creatures. But dost thou think 
that he has need of nothing more, who has the greatest power 
in this world P Then answered I again, and said : I do not 
say that he has need of nothing more, for I know that no one 
is 80 wealthy that he needs not some addition. Then answered 
Wisdom, and said : Thou sayest rightly enough. Though any 
one have power, if another have more, the weaker needs the 
aid of the stronger. Then said I : It is all as thou eayest. 

Then said Wisdom : Though any one call power and abund- 
ance two J;hings .>it is nevertheless one. Then said 1 : So 1 
tnink. Then he said : Thinkest thou now that power and 
Sbuadanc^ is to be despised P or, again, more to be esteemed 
than other goods ? Then said I : No man can doubt of this, 
that power and abundanfifijs to be esteemed . Then said he : 
Let us now, if it so seem to thee, make an addition to the 
power and the abundance ; let us add dignity thereto, and 
then account the three as one. Then answered I, and said : 
I<et us do so, for it is true. Then said he : Does the assem- 
blage of these three^hings, then, seem to thee worthless and 
ignoble, when the three are united together P or whether, 
%ain, does it seem to thee of all things the most worthy and 
the most noble ? If thou knewest any man who had power 
over everything, and had all dignity, even so far that he 
needed nothing more, consider, now, how^hono^jalde^dhow 
eminent t he man would seem to thee ; and yet, though he^bad 
the three, if he were not celebrated, then would there never- 


Digitized by 


122 BoxTHivs* CHAP. xxxm. 

/t$eah pimef peoji^fapef pana. Da cfseip ic. Ne mej ic ]«f 
o]>)*acan. Da efBdp he. pu ne if f t$omie ^eno^ fpeotol. ^ pe 

J rculon bon tSa hlifeabipieffe to t^am ]>jum. 7 bon ^ peofep to 
'^umT Da qra&]r ic. £^ ir jcvn^ Da cyuip ht. pp»]»qi )m nn 

^ pene ^ f e auht bb]>e pe tSe eaUe ]iaf peopeji h«p]r. ppte bao]^ 
peo blip. ^ m»2; ^^ ^ ^ 'p he pile, anb nanep tiin^ep mapan 
ne be]>eap):^ "Sonne he hmjip. Da cp»]> ic. Ne m»^ ic nseppe 
^e]>encan ^ip he ppelc p»pe. '3 "^ eall hepbe. faponon him ^mg 
nnpotnep cuman pce^be. Da cpe]) he. 8pa )ieah ip to ^t^ 

10 )>encenne. "p pa pp ]>in^ ^ pe ap ymbe pppncon. )^eah hi 
tonmnbe peon^ mib popbum. ^ hit ip «ill an ^mj. tSonne hi ^ 
^abepobe beo^. f ip anpealb. 3 ^cnyht. ^jpope-ma&pnep. ;j 
peoppfcipe. ^ bhp :- 

§ 11.^ Da pp ^inj. ^onne hi ealle ^e^epobe *beoi$. tSonoe. 

iShi^ f IfOb. popjrain l$a pp ealle nan mennipc man puUiee habbaa 
ne m»2 tSa hpile t$e he on )»ipf e pc^nlbe bi]y. Ac ]K>mne i$a pp 
])m3. ]'pa pe a&p cpaebon. ealle^ ^^^abopabe beo^.^ 6o|gift_faefl)L 

/f hit eall an tJinj. ;] -f an J^mj bij> liob. ^ he bij> anpealb tmto- 
ba&leb. peah hi »p on mani^ tonemneb pa^e. Da aabppopobe 

^ ic 3 cp»]>. Dip^ 10 eom eaUep se)>apa. Da cptelp he. Deah nn 

Iiob anpealb peo^ anb unt ob«leb. ppa ppa he ip. l y meBPipca . 

• pebpola^ hme tob»l]) on mom^ mib heopa unnyttnm popbum. 

Ija^lc mon t yhha| ) him f to peleftum joobe 6aBt f he^ rP^l^^ft 

Jl;I^f. l^onne Ti^p p yun J>a&t. pum ellep hpg&t. -p bij» ^onne hif 

ZSV^ f ^® f^P rpjfoft IvLfAp. tSonne ]^ jionne ^heopa xob on rp> 
manige^ ba&lap tob»laJ>. "Sonne meta)» hi nau^^ ne ^ob felpneT 
ne pone bael ^obep i^e hi fyipoji lupa)». tSolme hi hme pelpne bOA 
ealne aetjaeb^e. nabba]? tSonne nau]>ep ne hme edne. ne tSone 
b»l Se hi )»»p (^ bybon. Fop Si ne pnt elc mon f he pei^. 

j0 pop Sy he hit on piht ne fecp. ^e fec^ )w&p ^e pmban: nt 

ma^an. Sonne ^e peca^ eall ^ob on anom jobe.^ Da cyddp le, 

jDa&t If po]>. Da cpsof he. Donne ]«_mon ps&bla hip. ne yi&aa^ 

^J he nanep anpealbep. ac piUa]^^ pelan. j tiJihJ^'Sft pasble , Ne ppmi^ 
he imuht aBFten Sanu ^Q hn heTconemagport reo ." ne nan mo« 

J^'eac ne bept;)>aet he fiptep ne'ppincf .** he ISonne ppmc^ etHe** 

o Boet lib. iii. prosa 9; — Hoc igltiir, quod est nnum, &c. 

> Cott. J>e8pp. « Cott pen. » Cott ealL * Cott bio«. « Cott 
pe. • Cott. sepwlercum 1 1 he. ^ Cott. monise. • Cott S00& 
on anum soobe. * Cott. be pilna'S. ^ Cott )>»m. " Cott pe. 

" Cott pinU. " Cott pnS ealla. 

Digitized by 


§ II. BoxTHiirs. 123^ 

theless be to Mm a deficiency of some dignity. Then said I : 
I cannot deay it. Then said he : Is it not, then, sufficiently 
clear that we shonld add celebrity to the three, and make the 
four as one 9 Then said I : That is proper. Then said he : 
Bost thou think that he is blithe who has all these four ? 
The fifth is pleeflnre, and that (my one may do whatsoever he < 
will, and need nothing more than he possesses ? Then said I : 
1 can never imagine, if he were such and had all this, whence 
my trouble sbould come to him. Then said he : But it must, 
then, be considered that the five things which we have before 
spoken about, tiiough they are separately named in words, 
^at it is all one thing when th^ are collected together, 
^ is, power, and abmidanee, and glory, and dignity, and 

§ II. These fi¥6 things, when they are all collected together, 
then, that is Gfed. For all the five no human being, can fuUy 
ha?e while he ia in this world. Bnt when these five things, 
88 we before said, are all collected together, then is it all one 
tUng, and that one thing is God : and he is single and un- 
^ivi&d, though they before were, in many, separately named, 
^en answered I, and said : Of all this I approve. Then said 
^: Though Ghod be single and undivided, as he is, human 
«w» divi&B hi m into many, by their vain words. Every man 

K^osesto himself for the supreme good that which he chiefiy 
68. ISusnoneloves this, and one another thing. That, then, 
i> bis good, whicdi he chiefly loves. Bat when they divide 
tfceir good into so many parts, then find tJiey neither good 
itsdf, nor the part of good which they chiefly love. When 
^7 add it all together, they then have neither all of it, nor 
^ part which they separated therefrom. Por this reason 
7^ man finds not what he seeks, because he seeks it not 
i%htly. Ye seek where ye cannot fimd, when ye seek all good 
jn one good. Then said I : That is true. Then said he : When 
^e man is poor, he is not desirous of power, but wishes for 
Wealth, and fiSea from poverty. He labours not for this, how 
he may be most illu^ous ; nor, moreover, does any one 
<^waia that which he labours not for. But he labours all his 

Digitized by VjOOQ iC 


/ hif populb a&ctep l >ain^ pelaB^ anb fojilset manipie populb luft 

pif f am* Ce ne fone pelan bepte 3 ^ebealbe. fop^am' J>e^ 

bine lyjt of ep ealle o))>pe^ 'Sinj. Ijif he hine 'Sonne bejit. 'Sonne 

If |)ync]? him ^ he nebbe ^enoj. buton he h»bbe eac anpealb^ 

/ Jys&p to. pop]>am^ ]>e him \\nc\ f bene m»^e Sone pelan buton 

{ anpealbe^ ^ebealban. NeJtuB[i.^ac naBjpejgeno x ne i>mcp a&p he 

h»bbe eall ^ hme lyft. pop])am® ^e t$one pelan^lyjT anpealbej*." 

3 t5one anpealbe^^ lyft peopffcipef. "^ fone peop]>fcipe lyjt 

maep]>a. 8it$San he ]>sef pelan pull bip. ponne pmc^ bim ^ he 

/obsebbe aelcne pillan. jip be bsebbe anpealb. *] ^efel]>^^ eallne 

t$one pelan eeptep 9am anpealbe. buton be hme mib Isejjan 

be^itan mae^e. ^ poplset aelcne o]7epne peop]f cipe pi)> tSam ])e 

/jbe mae^^e to Jam anpealbe cuman. "j gonnffietibep^^ opt, ponne 

be eall pip anpealbe jepealb bsep]) ^ f bf^ba&pbe. -p he nsep) 

//naupep ne t$one anpealb. ne eac f fat he yif pealbe. ac pipjr 

Sonne pa eapm f he naep}) puppon^^ pa neob peappe ane. f if 

jpirt. lyseba. pilnap Seah ponne p»pe neab]»eappe. nep Ssep an- 

'pealbep. ^e pppaecon a&p be Sam pp ^epelpum. f ip pela. ;) 

anpealb. -j peopppcipe. ^ popemsepnep. -3 pilla. Nuh»bbe pe^fi- 

/^pehip^* be pelan. "j be anpealbe. anb f ilce pe majon peccan be 
Jwin ppim f e pe imaneht^* habba]>. ^ ip peop]?pcipe. •] pope- 
maepnep. -3 piDa. ISp"ppeo f mj. •] Sa tpa." Se pe aep nembon. 
]>eah hpa pene^^ "p he on beopa anpa hpylcum mae^e habban 
pulle^^ jepaelpa. ne byp hit no Sj" hpa]?op ppa. Seah hi hif 

^J pilni2;en. buton hi ]>a pip ealle habban. Da anbppopobe ic 3 
q?8ep. ppaet pculon pe Sonne bon. nu pu cpipt f pe ne ma^on 
on Saepa^^ anpa bpilcum f bebpte ^ob^^ habban anb Sa pullan 
jepaelpa. ne pe hupu ne penap f upe anpa bpelc Sa pp ealle 
8&t2;aebepe be^ite. Da anbppopebe be "3 cpaep. Cip hpa pilnap f 

J(7 be Sa pp ealle haebbe. Sonne pilnap he papa bebptana ^epa&ljm. 
Ac he ne ma&j Sa pulhce be^itan on pippe populbe. popfam ; 
Seah he ealle Sa pp ^epaelj^a bepte. Sonne ne bi]) hit Seah f 
bebpte job.** ne Sa peleptan jepaelpa. poppam he ne beof ece. 
Da anbppopobe ic ^ cpaep. Nu ic onjite ^e^oj ppeotfik. f Sa 

^/peleptan jepaelfa ne pnb on ^ippe populbe. Db, cpaef he. Ne 

> Cott. J>»m. « Cott. J>»m. « Cott. pop>i»m. * Cott. eal o«pn. 
' anpalb. eac, deest in MS. Cott. * Cott. pop>»m. 7 Cott an- 

palbe. » Cott popJ>on. » Cott pelesan. w Cott anpalbep. " Cott. 
anpalbe. « Cott. sepaelS. " Cott SebypeS. " pipj>um. " Cott 
Sepeahfc. " Cott unpeht. " Cott Da. " Cott tu. " Bod. 

p«pe. »Cottpilla. "Bod. J>»pe. "Cottgoob. *» Cott 

Digitized by VjOOQ iC 

§ II. BOETHIUS. 125 

life for wealth, and foregoes many a worldly {>lea8ure in order 
that be may acquire and keep wealth, because he is desirous 
of that above all other things. But if he obtain it, he then 
thinks that be has not enough, unless he have also power be- 
sides : for be thinks that be cannot keep the we^dtn without 
power. Nor, moreover, does there ever seem to him enough, 
until hd has all that he desires. For wealth desires power, 
and power desires dignity, and dignity desires glory. After 
he is full of wealth, it then seems to him that he may have 
eTery desire if he have power : and he ffives all the wealth for 
power, unless he is able to obtain it for less ; and foregoes 
every other advantage, in order that he may attain to power. 
And then it often pappens, that when he has given all that 
be had for power, he has neither the power, nor moreover that 
which he gave for it, but at length oecomes so poor that he 
has not even mere necessaries, that is, food and clothing. He 
then is desirous of necessaries, not of power. We before spoke 
of the five felicities, that is, wealth, and power, and dignity, 
and renown, and pleasure. Now have we treated of wealth 
and of power ; and the same we may say of the three which 
we have not treated of: that is, dignify, and renown, and 
pleasure. These three things, and the two which we before 
named, though any man think that in anv one soever of them 
he can possess fiiU happiness, it is not the sooner so, though 
they hope for it, unless they have all the five. Then answered 
\ and said : What ought we then to do P since thou savest 
^at we cannot in any one soever of these have the highest 
good, and full happiness : and we do not at all think that 
&uy one soever of us can obtain the five all together. Then 
answered he, and said : If any one desire that be may have ^ 
all the five, then desireth he the highest felicities ; but he 
cannot full^ obtain them in this world. For though be 
ahould obtain all the five goods, it nevertheless would not be 
^he supreme good, nor the best happiness, because they are 
iiot eternal. Then answered I, ana said : Now I perceive 
clearly enough, that the best felicities are not in this world. 

Digitized by VjOOQ iC 

126 BOXTHIVB* CHAP. xuni. 

I ]wapF naa man <m ]«ffe an&feap6aa hye rp^pna mpcefi ^Sam 
foyiun ^^BftiAfmKL Be fmf pemm f he heji ouBg^ ^ob^ %eDS% 
pnban. B^ cp»^ ic. 80^ te r^Sft > 

§ UI.' Da cp8B)» lie. Ic pene nu f ic tfe faabbe i^ene^ ^qrvb 

/ymbe fa, lemftea. ^efael^ Ac ic folbe nu f iSa penbeft ]ym m^^ 
)nBC ppam ]7ain leqwi ^peljnim. ]M>mie 'On^iCft ]iu jrjnpe fui^ 
6a foj^an gefttljni pe ic te a^ xebec ^ le & eopim piolbe. Bb 

f cfSB^ 10. lie rgplrom TOWnie^ men on^^tia^ ^acte piUa jfr- 
f»lpa pnc. tSeah he )ii&fi-iie pen frnji he he^ia pena^. Dn bk 

/^gehebe na lytle »p f^ ^ hi pdlbeft; me getncan. Ac f»f me 
^mc}> f ^ beo feoT fo^ ^ j-eo fnUfpemebe ^eft^. tSe iii»S 
sricum hipe jxAfflpsti yeUan jaiphpnnigenhne fdan> 3 ecne «&- 
pealb. ^ fm^alne peopj^fcipe. "3 ece mmjiipeJ^ *) pi9e »Bn^hD. )^ 

/« pi}i|nmi f ic cfel^e pe feo f o]w ^^efasl)' ^ an liiiTaJtica. mttX 

iSjxihce pop^pan. )K)]i)wm t$e on salcom amim hi pnt; eaUe. 
pop]>am ic pecje paf popb tSe. pqi )yy ic piUe ^ )»a pk» 
j^ pe qnbe fpipe poft if on mnram QOobe. ppa psfc f hf 

/s me nan^msB^- Xgbpelixan^ ne m»^. Ba cp»]> hie. 6a]a cmbt. 
hp»t^ ya eKjpb gef »lij "P )>u hiC ppa on^iten hn^fc;. Ac ic polte 
^f pit fpyfiebon pc »]:&ep$am]»e]»epana if. S>a opmif ic. Pjaet 
If "^ ]>onne. Da cpa^ he. penjt; ]m hpsapep wm^ )nffa anbpeap- 
bana ^ooba fe ma^ p ellan pidle ^ef aed)»a. Da anbfpapobe ic. 
^ cp8&]y. Nat 10 nan jvht on ]i^ anbpei^ban hpe ^e fpete pjcan 
mw^e. Da cp»p he. Daf anbpeapban ^ob^ pnt anhcneffa tner 

j^ecan gofeq-.® na&f pill job.^® pop)>am hi ne ma^on fof job^^ 3 

pill ^ob^^pop^ifanheopa possum. Baepi^ic. JcjsomjjgssSL 

pel ^ejn^ai tSvf pe pu f sa^ft. Da cfuip he. Nu pu ^nne poft 

hp»t "Sa leafan ^ef »l)?a pnt. ahb hpaet pa f Opan-2;efSB]|>a pnt. 

nu ic polbe ^ pa leo]mobeft hu pa mihteft becuman to tSaa 

3/>f opum ^efSBlJaun. d!ei cp»^ ic. pu ne gehete pu me feemm asR, 

f pa hit polbeft me ^etncan. ^ melyfte nu f fpipe'^eopne %t^ 

^; heopan.^* 'Da cpaep he. PpKacjyulon pe nn bon go pain^ * ^ j e> 

J 3 m»jon onmon to "Sam fopajn ^ef»l]mm. ppopep pe rcykw. 

I5bban t5ftne to bcmifean piLoam. «Sfep je on tefffe. %e oa 

J/rn^an. jpa fpa upe uppiiOTjaBbeTMatp. Da cpaep ic Ic"penef* 
J^ pe fcylon bibban gone yasbefL eJlna Jnnja. poppam pe t$e hine I 

P Boet. lib. iii. prosa 9.— Habes igitur, inquit, et formam, &c 
1 Cott. »p m»se goob. ' Cott hp»)>e. » Cott. bj yegan. * Jjxip- | 
hpani^enbne pelan, desnnt in MS. Bod. & Cott ms^pa. * Cott ! 

Sgbj2fiUa». ^ Cott Jjy. 8 Cott soob. » Cott. soobef . " Cott 1 
goob. " Cott soob. " Cott soob. >' Cott gehepan. " Cott J>on. 

Digitized by 


^91 Si 

§ T& BOETHIirS. 127 

Then said be : Ko man needs in this present life to seek after 
the true f<^cities, nor think that here he ean £nd sulEicient 
good. Then said I : Thou sayest truly. 

% TIL Then said he : I think that I have said enough to 
thee aboat the false goods. Bat I am desirous that .thou 
thouldest turn thy attention from the false ^oods ; then wilt 
thou very coon know the true goods, which I before promised 
thee that I would show thee. Then said I : Even foolish men 
know that full goods exist, though they may not be where 
they suppose thm. Thou promisedst me, a little while ago, 
that thou^w^ouldest teach me them. But of this I am per- 
Boaded, that that is the true and the perfect happiness, which 
can giye toall its followers permanent wealth, and everlasting 
power, -tod perpetual dignity, and eternal glory, and full 
aboniauiee. And moreover, I say that is the true happiness 
vhieh cm folly bestow any of these five ; because in every 
one theyiiU are. I say these words to thee, because I am ' 
desirous that thou shouldest know that the doctrine is well 
•fixed in my mind : so fixed, that no man ean draw me aside 
from it. Then said he : O, child, how happy art thou that 
thou hast so learned it ! But I am desirous that we should 
BtiU inquiire a^r that, which is deficient to thee. Then said 
I: What is that, then.? Then said he : Dost thou think that 
any of these present goods can give thee fuU happiness ? 
Then answered I, and said : I know nothing in this present 
life that can give such. Then said he : These present goods 
'Ue images of J)he eternal good, not full good, because they 
<!Kinot give true good nor full good to their followers. Then 
^d I : I am well enough assured of that which thou sayest. 
3^ said be : Kow thou knowest what the false goods are, 
And' what the tme goods are, I would that thou shouldest 
[ learn how thou mayest come to the true goods. Then said 
I: Didst thou not ibrmerly promise me that thou wouldest 
teach it me ? and I am now very anxiously desirous to hear 
it Then said he : What ought we now to do, in' order that 
we may come to the true goods ? Shall we impl(H*e the divine 
help as well in lass as in greater if Aiit^*, as our philosopher 
Phito said P Then said I : I think that we ought to pray to 
the Father ef all things : for he who is unwilling to pray to 

Digitized by 


128 BOBTHivs. CHAP, xxxin. 

/ bibbon nyle. Sonne ne ^emet he hme. ne pupj^on^ pihtne pe; 

fip hif ne apeba]>. Da cp8e)> he. 8pi)?e pyhc' iSn fe^. anb 

onjan jjajinjan anb "Suf cp»]?. 

^ § IV.^fSala Dpyhcen. hu micel 3 hu punbephc Jyujeap^ . §u^ 

/J>e ealle l>ine y:ercea^. Xerep g^JJUMi Tjeac ^Si^^sgSSi^iijlS^ 

bepLce jef ceope "j y rceabpirh^ hl^OTro feeltrt. t$u )>e tiba fpam 

^mibbaneapbefffpuman of 15one enbetenbebypbhce jefettejty 

rpa "^ te hi a&^|>ep ylpopt^apal?. xe epx;umaf . f u J>e ealle 5a 

unrtiUan terceacta to l?inum pillam a^t^ypaft. 3 "Su j*elp j-imlc 

/^ftille anb unapenbeblic ^uphpunaft. cpppampe nan mihci^pa ]w 

nif . ne n Mnpm xelica. ne |?e nanT neiJbgeapp ne la&pbe_ to 

pypcann/^ -p 6u pophteft. ac mibpmum a^^enum piUan. 3 nub 

]?mum ajenum anpealbe ]>u ealle Sin^ ^^epophtept. t$eidi 5u 

heopa nanef ne be^oncte> Spipe punbeplic ij* f ^ecynb fmq 

/i'Sobef . pop]>am)>e hit if call an. $\i 3 gig ^obnef . -f ^ob na ucoa 

cumen to }>e. ac hit if tSin a^en. ac eall -p pe jobef habba]» oa 

]?iff e popnlbe. f uf if uton cumen. f if ppom be. ^^fpr f^ 

/ nanne aQfcan. to nanum fmje. fop)7am)>e nanTcna&pti j q ia ir 

Ijonne )ni. ne nan J>in jelica. popf am ]>a. ealle ^ob nub j^inej* 

^/) anef1se]>e&hte ^e]>ohteft 3 jepophteft. Neibifnobe pe nan man. 

popj^am t$e nan »p ]>e ns&f . ^a]ia fe auht otISe nauht pOphte. 

Ac J)u ealle fmj jepophteft fpife jobe 3 fpif e ps&jepe. 3 J>u f djp 

eapt f hehfte job 3 f pa&jepepte. fpa fpa J>u £d[£ jejwhteft. Iji 

ypophtef^, pime mihSan tjet^pSwjf hif j^ fpajpaJitPilt. ^pP* 


rceope h im jehce. l eac on fumum pm^um da^d^^IsiS^ 

/>^ jja eaUe ^ef^ewt^ ane naman ^_ifi nembe . eallMl?u ne^bere jffe 

taBbene anbheteponulb^ l l>eahl$one anne noman tSn tobaelbqig: 

on pe^npepTij^fneafca.. an f»pa if eop]>e. ofep p»tep. ]>]nbbft^^ 

^j^lypt.Tpeopppe PJ7 1. »lciim l>apa gn xeretteft hir a3cenetfunbep *f 

JTope. 3 feah sbIc if yip o]>pe xenemneb. i fibnunhce tebunbcar' 

imb ]>inum bebobe. fpa-f heopa nan ofpef meapce ne opepeobe. 

,^ % 1 Te cyle j^el?p opobe yip "Sa ha&to. 3 ■j) p^t mp jSamlSpyxnitt. 

eop)>an jecynb 3 pa&tepef if cealb. pejeopj) irlbnvxe t Qg alb^ 

J/^ paBtep pa&t -^ cealb. fie lypc iSonne ip jenemneb -^ hio q* 

/ s&spep ^e cealb. je paeE;. je peajiQi. nif hit nan punbep. pop* 

j^famfehio ip jefceapen on psm mible bdcpix t$»petbpfe att'y 

/ l2aBpe_ cealban 6op}yan. -j ]?am hatan pype . f pyp if Jpemejiyoj^^ 

M eanumj>iffum populb jej* ceaptum. pimboplic ip f J^m^e^eaJie. 

4 Boet lib. iiL metrum 9.— qui perpeta& mundum, &c 
> Cott. jmi]>van, » Cott. pihte. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

§ IT. BOBTHIXrS. 129 

bim, will not find him, nor moreover will he pursue the right 
iray towards him. Then said he : Very rightly thou sayest ; 
and henan then to sing, and thus said : 

§ Vsk O^Lord> how great and how wonderful thou art ! 
Thou who all thy creatures visible and also inyisible wonder- 
fully hast created, and rationally ^overnfta^ ^:hflm I Thou, who 
times, from the beginning of th^ middle-earth to the end, 
Bettest in order, so that they both depart^and return ! Thou, 
who all moving creatures according to thy will stirrest, and 
thou thyself always fixed and unchangeable remainest ! For 
none is mightier than thou, nor any like thee ! No necessity 
taught thee to make that which thou hast made, but by thine 
own will and liy thJT^^ nwi^ pniyfir thou madest ^1 things, 
though thou didst need none of them. Very wonderful is 
the nature of tliy good, for it is all one, thou and thy good- 
ness. Qood is not come to thee from without, but it is thine 
own. But all that we have of good in this world is come to 
ns from without, that is, from thee 1 Thou hast no envy to 
anything, because no one is more skilfu l than thou, nor any 
like thee ; for thou, by thy sole counsel, hast designed and 
^<^nght all good ! No man set thee an example, for no one 
was before thee, who anything or nothing; might make. But 
thou hast made all things very good, and very fiiir, and thou 
thyself art the highestgood and the flairest. As thou thyself 
oidfit design, aQ^fag£Tj|| ;KQiDmftde ^ this middle-earth . jn^ dost 
govern it as thou wilt; "and tliou tbys^il dosi; distribute all 
good as thou wilt. And thou hast made all creaturegf'l ike to 
jach other, and also in some respects unlile. Though thou 
hast named all these creatures st paratelj f with one name, 
thflaJiaat Tfumi^d^hflin all toffether, and called ihem World, 
iievertbeless, th&t one natne thou bast divided into four 
elements. . One of them is earth ; another, water ; the third, 
wr; the fourth, fire. To every one of them thou hast set its 
own separate place, and yet every one is with other classed, 
*^d peaceably bound by thy commandment ; so that no one 
f M^SF^ should pass over another's boundary, and the cold 
TMKTJy the heatj and*the wet by the dry. The nature of 
®arth and of water is cold ; the earth is dry and cold, and the 
^ater wet and cold. But the air is distinguished, that it is 
either cold, or wet, or warm. It is no wonder ; because it is 
^ated in the n^idst, between the dry and the cold earth and 
^»^ hot fire. The fire is uppermost over all these worldly 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

130 BOiTHiva. CHAP, xxznt 

/f' fu liOBfj-t 8e;5fep gebcm. te i5a 'gercaff ta jenwlpfobe bespg 
him. je eac ^emen^c. ^a Jbpixan eopl»n ^ t^ cealbaii unbep 
Jwrna cealban paetepe 3 f pflei:»a. -p )>aBt hnef ce 3 pLopenbe paetqi 
h»bbe^op on J^aepe pafrfran eontSan. Fop)«in^e hit ne mae^on 

J^him rel^m^^eftanban. Ac reo eop»W hifc hele 3 be* pmwm 
^ baftlehjIlsfe^T pop Jam rype g8g"tffreglehp f Ino tpgpb I Jbky 

t bpi^o&e hio T pufSe tobruyeirmib |mm pmbe |^ gya burt cfSit 

f* axe, ne mibte nanpuht hbbenbef t$«pe eopjmn toucan, ne ^ 

/^paecepef. ne on nanj^um eapfeitSB pop cile. X[F ]^ ^^ ^Fi"^ 

hpe^amn^a pif j:^ ne ^emet^beft, punbopliceTcpa wxe f u ]tf 

hejTt ^efceapen ^ -^ 1:571 ne fpopba^pnl) 1^ psstqi ;] 5a eop)NiiL 

'^jm hirjemen^eb if pi^ a»^]«p ne cft f p»tep anb j*eo eoppe 

^ccQlim^ ne abpa&rce f f j^p. jwr paeteper aii^nucyt) if on eopy«a, 

/^3 eac on IJrfCe. *] epc ^jcaii Jain,2»obope. ac tJaep jnjrper agei 

ftebe If opep eallom popnlb j^CfiiftjuD S^eren^BCvan. 3 fedi 

hit If ^men^ pi)> eelle yfBPnft:«. -j tSeah n» nue^ nane ]»fa 

Xerce>fta esdlim^ opcuman. pop]^m)»e hit n»):]> lei^e ^ 

aelinitatisaa. po eoTi)j^j|gpDji|^j][;^m^e 3 )Hcqie ])(Riike ojija 

2d Xerceapsa^ fopfain hio if pipfop tionne «ai^ ofpu ^ejrce^g j 

bnton bam pobopc. fop^am re nob^ hine ba&pl> aelce b«L i 

^^itane^ oeah he hipe napep ns j^enealaece. on. aricepe ftope lie 

2S If hipe |]wnn«neah ^ e ttyap. xe nco^on . a&lc gapa CTrceaftaj e 

i>e Tegtnn agn irmSe rwigecon> h»f]>Tin ; ateiipe]tegp^J |^^y^, 

^ ^ctt. 1 ^ah If a&lc pr)r ofep ^emen^. pop]raii^ nan ^lipa 2£l. 

jrceagta ne maa^ biop buicon o^pe. tSeah hio unfpeocol p0oi 

'^fepe o^eppe. fpa fpa nw paB«:»p -j eopfe fine fpije eap|o^ t» 

j^9 Sefeonne o^Ce to on^toone b jrginii nio«nnin^ ii p]^e. ] ff* 

])eah hi pint }iaep pif jemeiljse. fpa; if eae peep p^ on ^ 

J^ ftanum ;) on ]>am paetepe. rpi^e-Wpfolv-hafB> ao lu6 if toil. 

)>apa. Bn xebmibe 'B pyn mib rpi»efeial»nbenbbcum nacencufl. 

JjL '^}^scj» maey cuman to hir a;i^Mrap3eafibe> f if to ^am maefcaa 

p^iw ge oren nr iiM g^law'. to rohlaate ba eopj^aiL. *] eeJle oJ»pe 

.ajg roeacta arpnbag pop ymemetlLCupi cy ie. yp tecTegllmffl 

J/|tfgSli^We.' Du ^eftapoii^i^t^ eop fan fpi^e punboph(» ] 

f a^hoe f heo ne helt on nane healpe. net on ilflniltA e^^ 

Jnnje ne ptent. ne naiipuht> eo9f])hcep hi ne h^tjac. f hm ne pje. 

4/ ^ nif hipe tSomue e)ype to peeflaime op bune 5onne np. Da eac 

^ )wi ]>pi^alban papla om%e^f9gftasai hmum ftr^ept;; fpa f ^sepe 

Digitized by 



creatures. Wonderful ia tby counsel, whict tlwu hast in 
both respects accomplished : both haat bounded the creatures ' 
between themselves, and also hast intermixed them : the dry 
and the cold earth under the cold and the wet water, that the 
soft and flowing, water may have a floor on the firm earth,* be- 
cause it cannot of itself stand ; but the earth holds it, and in 
Bome measure imbibeg, and by tha-t moistening it becomes 
WBt, BO that it grows, and blossoms, and produces fruits. 
Bor if the wster moistened it not, then would it become dry, 
and would be driven by Ijhe wind lite dust or ashes. Nor 
eould anything living enjoy the earth, or the water, or dwell 
in either for cold, if thou didst not a little mix them with fire. 
yi& wonderfol sk ill thou hast caused it, that the fire burns 
not the water ^and the earth, when it is mixed with both: 
nor, again, thej^ter and the earth entirely extinguish the 
&e. The water^s own region is on the earth, and also in the 
air, and again above the sky. But* the fire'& own place is 
above aU visible worldly creatures; and though it is mixed 
Twth all elements, nevertheless it cannot altogether overcome 
atiy one of the elements, because it has not leave from the 
Almighty. Tlie earth, then, is heavier and thicker than other 
elements, because it is lower than a^y other creature except 
tbe sky : for the sky extends itself every day ontwardly, and 
tbough it approaches it nowhere, it is in every place equally 
Sigkto it, both above and beneath. Every one of the elelL 
ggts^whick we formerly spokfe abont l jM-i ts.^^.^^ceg^ 
JSESjt^and yet is every one- mixed^ with WS&r ; because no 
pac of the elements can exist without another^ though it be 
imperceptible in the other. Thus water and earth are very 
, ^iifficult to be seen or to be perceived by ignorant men in fire, 
and yet they are nevertheless mixed therewith. So is there 
also fire in stones and in water-; very difficult to be seen, bu^ 
it is nevertheless there. Thou hast bound the fire with very 
indissoluble diains, that it may not come to its own region, 
tbaifc is, to the greatest fire^which is over os; lest it should 
forsake the earth, and ajl other creatures shouU" perish by 
WEcessiye cold, if it should altogether_ depart. Thou" haat 
established earth very wondertmly and firmly, so that it!^"* 
does not incline on any side, nor Btand on any earthly thing, 
nor does anything earthly hold it that it may not sini ; and 
it is not easier for it to fall downwards than upwards. Thou 
^^0 movest the threefold soul in agreeing liftibs^^ so that 

k2 30gle 


/ faple f^f laeffe ne bjr]> on ^am Iseftan pin^pe. i$e on raUum ysan 
LchomanJ TroTi ^i ic cpae}> ^ po j^pul pa&pe |?|iwi:ealbiT:op]>amTie^ 

J u])pitan fecjaf ^ hio haebbe^mo jecynb. anSafiajecynba if ^ 

heo bif pilni^^enbe. dpeji f bio hip i pfienbe . ])pibbe ]»8&t hio hip 

i'Sefceabpif. tpa gana lec ynbu habba]> netenu. f pa rame rpa meii- 

\ ofep Capa ij* pilnunj. o^ep if ippinx. ac f e mon ana hsej:]i ^e- 

fceabpipaeffe. nallef nan ot$pu ^erceag: . j:onl>i be h»t\> oten - 

j>un |:en ealle 8a eopf bean t ; erceait;a mib ^e]>eabte 3 mib anb- 

^ jite. f oppam jeo jexceabpixnej jcea l pealban »^|?ep je tSiiB|ie 

/^pilnuMg^je faej* yppef. fop]>am bio if f ynbe plfc pp a&rfc tS»p<> 

// fapleTSpa J>u jefceope tSa f aule f bio f ceolbe ^abie pef^^peaiv 
tian on bipe f elppe,^ f pa fpa eall pef pobop bpepj:||. otSSe riyrpa 
npeolyonhpeppl?, pnea^enbe J^mb bipe f ceopfTenb. otS^e ymbe hi 
felpe. otSoe ymbe tSaf Teopfbpan terceap gai Sonne bio ]>onne 
//ymbe bipe f qppenb f meaf . Sonne bit5 iiio opep bipe f elppe. ac 
]H>nne bio ymbe byilye'fmeaS. ]>onne bi}> bio on bipe f elppe. 
lanb unbep bine'^felppe bio bi]> ])onne. Sonne beo lujaip paf 
jtopfbcan f mj. 3 Sapa pimbpaf. Pps&t; pu Dpibcen pps^&F^ 

/ tifam faplum eapb on hiofonum . "3 bim J>8&p jipfC p eopl?lice ;gpi. 

^^ selcepe be bipe ^eeapnun^e. "jjebeft f b e rcina^ fpif e beopht«. 
^ Seab fpife miftbce bipbci^. fume beopbtop. fume ilmbyphtpp, 
fpa fpa fteoppan. aelc be bif ^eeapnun^a.- Ppset ]7uDpibten ^e- 

^3 jaebepaft Sa hioponliconfapla^ Sa|eop]>bcan bcboman. *] hi on 
Siff e populb«|emeMeft. fpa f pa bl ppom Se bibep comon. fpa 

^5bi eac to Se monjSnrunbia^. Du pylbeft paf eopJ>an mib mifc- 
bcum cynpenumnecena. "j bi fi])]>an afeope miftbcum faebe 
tpeopa 3 pypta. Foppp nu Dpibten upum OOobum f bi mopon 
to J>e afti^^an ]>upb Saf eapp o))u f iff e populbe. *} OLfcjjjsmails 
jexum to J>e cuman. 3 openum ea^um up^ GOobef pe mot^en 

^C^eyeon Sone 8&]7elan sepelm ealpa ^oba. ^.eapt Du. Fopjip uf 

Sonne hale ea^an upef OOobcf . .Jj^bi J>ojine matoiiLif»jtn3^i_ 
3. onJ>e. -} tpbpip |)on6 , pii^t Se nu ban^a]> bepopan upef CDobep 
ea^um. 3 onbbt ]>a ea^an mib Smum leobte. popl?a m ]?u e apg 

^ ^f 10 bipbtu ps&f f o|?an leobtef. ;j ])u eapt reo feixe pa&rt ro)>- 

J ija&rtfia. anb yn x^ert f hipe jefeo^ fu eapt ealpa J'ln^ 

•j-ppuma 3 enb6. ^a ppirt eaUe J )i n t ; buton terpin ce^ J)u eapt 

»Sfep te pej. je laJ)}>eop. ^eo fio ftop j?e fe peg to|li^l?. fe ealle 

^ men tommbia]) : • 

' Bod. et Cott fdpne. 

Digitized by 


_ 9ax/S2,3S._ 

§ rv. rT^ BOETHius. 133 

there is nbt less m the soul in the least finger tban in all 
the body. \ I. said that the soul was threefold, becaugfl philo- 
sophers say that she has three natures. One of these natures 
is, that she has the power of willing ; the second is, that she is 
subject to anger ; the third, that she is rational. Two of these 
natures beasts have, the same as men. One of them is will, 
the other is anger. But man alone has reason, and not any 
other creature. Therefore he has excelled all earthly creatures 
by thought and by understanding. For reason should govern 
both will and anger, because it is the peculiar faculty of the 
soul. So hast thou created the soul that she should always 
turn upon herself, as all this sky turns, or as a wheel turns 
round, inquiring about her maker, or about herself, or about 
these earthly creatures. When she inquires about her maker, 
then is she above herself. But when she inquires about her- 
self, then is she in herself. And she is beneath herself when 
she loves these earthly things and admires them. Thou, 
Lord, hast given to souls a dwelling in the heavens, and oq. 
them thou bestowest worthy gifts, to every one according to 
its deserving : and causest them to shine very bright, and yet 
with very varied brightness, some brighter, some less briglit, 
even as the stars, every one according to its desert. Thou, 
Lord, bringest together the heavenly souls and the earthly 
bodies, and unitest them in this world. As they from thee 
came hither, so shall they also to thee hence' tend. Thou 
£lledest this earth with various kinds o% animals, and after- 
wards didst sow it with, various seed of trees and plants! 
Grant now, O Lord, to our minds, that they may ascend to 
thee through these diflficulties of this world, and from these 
occupations come to thee ; and that with the open eyes of 
our mind we may see the noble fountain of all goods. That 
art thou ! Grant to us, then, sound eyes of our mind, that 
we may fix them on thee ; and drive away the mist that now 
hangs before the eyes of our mind, and enlighten the eyes 
with thy light : for thoi;^ art the brightness of the true light, 
and thou art the quiet rest of the just, and tliou wilt cause 
that they shall see thee. Thou ^rt of all things the beginning 

and the end. Thmi_a^^p pr)T t^Rt all th^T^gf^ withmit lahftiir. ThoU 

art both the way and the guide, and the place that fhe way* 
leads to. All men tend to thee ! 

Digitized by VjOOQ iC 

184 BOMHIirS. CHAP, xxiiv. 


/ § I. IXR jre yijbom fa ftj leof anb fif jebeb ajim^en hsspbe. 
fta onjan he ep fpellian anb J>uf cp8&^. Ic pene fat hit pe nu 
epeft Jjeapp. ^ ic }>e jejiecce hpa&p J hehfte job ij*. nu ic )?e 
»p ha&pbe jqiehc^ hp»t ic pa&f . otJ^e hp^lc ^ naebeme 50b paep. 

J hpylc f immebeme. a/^ ajip f jyjnsgr '^ ^ ^ P^^^ mpftit: arfian .^ 
Ppefep }>u pene ^ aenijSin^ on MJje popidbe fpa^ob yie ^ hic 
t$e msBje Fop^pan piIl^er»I]>a T^y^^ ic fe acpt«jjLic nolbe f 
unc befpice »nepi leaf anbcnep pop pofa jepsBlpa. pop yy nan 
mon ne maej o p}yracan ^ pim job ne pe -p hehpte. fpa jpapun 

/^ mi caA&iyelin -] { )[pp. -3 ipnon manije bpocap *} ml>an^ip^ ftigi 
gy: mOTi cpi)> be punTmn jobe -p hic ne pe pull jofccKogJam mm 
bif hpa^r hp^^ pana. anb feah ne bip eallep bucan! popij>am »lc 

/? f M^S py2L?2Jiattl^^^-.S*F ^1*^ nanht jobef on him paei:])!j be K. 
f u mihc onjican -p op Jam m«jt»n jobe cumaf tSa la&ppan job. 

/^nsej- Of pam laBjjan paec m8&pce. tSe^ ma pe x^9 ^fi ™??i P^opp^ 

/^ talBBPelme . ac pe »pelm m»j peop^an to jea. anb ^eah peoea 
c j p^j j^ ICO f sSr ^kepelme. rpa cymtS a&lc job op It obe. anb epc 
to hjm. anb he ip pat pulle job. j f pullppemebe. f nanej- 
pllan pana ne bij>. 'Nu ?Su miht ppeotole onjitan ^ f if Irob 

j^0 pelf. Ppi ne miht J>u jepencan. jip nan puht pull taRjte. jjonne 
na&pe Jian puht pana. "j jip nan puht pana naepe. ^txne n»pe 
nan puht^ pillt| ppp py bij> aenij pull pm j'^Jejnm bij> pana. "] 

/5 pop f y bi]> aenix T?inj pana. tSe pum bip pull, s&lc pmj bij> pulloft 
on hip ajenum eapba. ppy ne miht pu tSonne jepencan jip on 

^^aBuejum pijja eopfhcena joba guijej:_pllan jj aBmjjBp j obe p 
pa^a-ip. "iJonne ip pum job pull 8&lcef pillan. "j mf Tianep^?^ 

Jr pana. Da anbfpopobe ic 3 cp»p. Spipe pihchce ^ ppife jefceab- 

/ pij-hce J>u haeppt me opepcumen 3 jejianjen. f ic ne ma&j no 
pil>cpe]?an. ne pupfum onjean f jepencan. buton f hit if eall 


§ II.' Da cpaep pe ^ifbom. Nu ic polbeijp pu pohteft je- 

3>?opnh&eo]>pe f J>u onjeare hpa&p peo Fulle1jef»lJ> pie. pu ne 

' Boet. lib. Si. proea 10. — Quoaiam igitv quae ait imperfecdy^&c. 

* Boet. lib. iii. prosa 10. — Quo veco, inqmt, habitet, ^c. 

1 Cott. Sepeaht. ^ hpylc "^ immebeme ac, desunt in MS. Bod. * Cott 
afcian. * Cott. >e. » Cott. pi)>a. « Cott. hpugu. 7 Cott. \^n, 
^ pana "3 s^f ii^^ P^^ht pana n»pe. >0Dne nsope nan paht, 4esimt in iSS, 

Digitized by 


§ I. ir. soxxHiM. 186 


§ I. Whsk Wkdom had sung this la^ and this pvajer, 
tben.began he again to gpeak, ^nd thus said : I think that it 
is now, in the &st place, necessary that I show thee wheire 
the highest |;oQd is, now I haive already shown thee what it 
was ; or which was the perfect, good, (md which the imperfect. 
But one thing I would first ask thee : Whether thou thinkest 
tbat anything in this world is so good that it can give the^ 
foil happiness P Jor this reaso n I ask thee, becaujae J am 
QQwilliDg that any false resemblancershould impose upon us 
for the true happiness. Por no man can deny that some 
good is the highest : as it were a ^^ reaJLAad^eepJaantaiiL 
and from which many brooks and rwers flow.^^We ^herefoje 
saj concerning any good, that it is not full good, because 
tiiere is in it a deficiency of something ; and yet it is not 
entirely without good^ for everything ^omes to naught if it 
hfts no" good . in it Henqe tiiou mayest learn that from the 
greatest good come the less goods; not from the less the 
g^test, any m(»e than the river may become a fountain. 
Bat the fountain may become a river. And yet t^i^jiveroomeB 
again to the fountain! So every good comes fromUodTand 
again to him, and he is the full and perfect good, which is 
not deficient in any will. Now thou mayest clearly under- 
stand that this is G^od himself. Why canst thou not imagine, 
^te if nothing were full, then would nothing be deficient: 
and if nothing were deficient, then would. nothing be full ? 
Ibereforg is anything full, Ix^ftajifle some is deficient ; and 
tnere&reis anything deficient, because some is full. Every- 
^ng is fullest in its proper station. Why canst thou not 
then conceive, that if in any of these earthly goods there is a 
deficiency of any will and of an^ good, then is some good full 
of every will, and"ra deficient m no good? Then answered 
I) and said : Yery rightly and very rationally thou hast over- 
pome and convinced me, so that I cannot contradict, or even 
imagme 4mything contnny to it, but that it is all even as thou 

§ II. Then said Wisdom : Now I would that thou shouldeat 
consider studioudy until thou discover where the full happi- 

Digitized by 



/ paft txjL nu f eall monc^ if anmoblice ^eyap, f Irob if ppuina 
efdpa ^oba 3 pealbenb eallpa jef ceapta. he if f hehfte ^b} ne 
ns&nne monn nu ]»»f ne tpeo]>. fojipam fe he nauhtT nytpn 
betepe. ne pip]>uin nauhttemn#2obef. popjmm uf yegj^ aelc je^ 

/fceabpifnef ^ ealle men f dee anbetta]> f Irob ne *]) hehjte 
250b. f op)>am )>e hi ts&cnia l) f eall job on him yy, fojipmjn ^ 

hit fpa nepe. ^nne nsepe he f -^ he jehaten if. o^]>e mag 
l>in^ sep p»ne. oy fe "a&lta&ppe . t$oime pape Jwt betepe tSonne 
he. Ac fop)mm ]>e nan tSmj na&f a&ji J^onne he. ne s&lraeppe 
/pt^onne he. ne beoppeopfpe tSonne he. popjmm he if fpuma. 3 
»pehn. 3 hpof ealLpa joba. xenoj fpeotol hit if. y»t.^ fuUe 
gob paf . »p)»ain J>e f pana. -p* if to jele^uDne f f e hehfta 50b 
If* »lcef jobef fullaft. f^ laef pe lenj fppecen* ymbe t jonne pe 
JJpjon/ 8e ilea Eob if . fpa fpa pe «p f sebon. f hehfte gob. 5 
// oa f eleftan jef 8el]>a. nu hit if openhee cu]>. ^ ]>a f eleftan je- 
f»l)>a on nanum o]>pum jefceaftum ne pnt. buton on Iiobe. 
Da cp»]> ic. Ic eom "^epafa, : • 

§ III.* Da cpa&f he. Ic J>e healpje f tn jefceabpifhce f 

onjite ^ te liob if pill »lcpe pillppemebneffe. ^ »lcef jobef. 

^^3 aeleep^Tsefaelpe. Da cpa&f ic. Ic ne m»3 pilLce onjitan. pop 

-ihpi tSu ejxifegrt f ilce ^ pnmj^Bibei^. Da cp»}> he. Tojip^ ic 

1 hit pie'f ecje ept. f y ic nolbe f^ Su penbeft f re Iiob ^e jxbefi 

^ If 3 fpuma eaHpa jefceapta. f himTahponanTu^'^ ^'^^oTr'^ 1*T 

i\ y^ heahe ^obnef .^ ^e he pill if. i^e ic eac nolbe f }>u penbeft 

ZSf te ofep pa&pe hip job 3 hif jefaeil]'. o^ep he felp. pop]>am jij: 

^u penft f him ahponan utan comon t$a job ^e he h»f ]>. tSonne 

pa&pe ^ ]»inj betepe t$e hit him ppam come, ^onne he. jip hit 

fpa p»pe. Ac ^ If fpife byphc 3 f pij>e micel pynn f mon f «r 

penan fceole® fee Eobe. otJtSe ept penan f e&nij Jjinj »p him* 

J0 paepe. o^e betepe tSonne he. offe him jelic. Ac pe fceolon® 

bion jef apan^® f f e Cob pe eallpa tJmja betft. Irip }>u nu je- 

lepft f Dob pe" fpa fpa on monnum bif. o^^ep bi^ pe mon. f 

bij> fapl ;j hchoma. otJCen bif hif jobnef . )>a jejaebpaf Dob ;] ept 

BBtjaebpe jehelt 3 jemetjaf . jip fu ^onne jelepft f hit fpa pe 

^J'onDobe.^^ "Sonne fcealt J>u nebe jeleopon^' f pim anpealb^* 

* Boet lib. iii. prosa 10. — Sed quaeso, inqnit, &c. 

» Bod. Lob. « Cott. pen. » Bod, ne pene % * C!ott. pe. » Bod. 
fppecon. • Cott. ymb )>oniie pe ne >yppen. ' Cott. hi po hea goob- 
nef. 'Cott. fcjV. » Cott. fculon. »<> Bod. ge^apa. "Cott. 

Selypft jJ te an Lib pe. " Cott. soobe. " Cott. geleof an. " Cott 


^y Google 

§XII. BOBTHIirS. ' 137 

ness is. Dosb thoa not then know that all mankind is unani- 
mously coDsenting that God is the origin of all good^, and the 
ruler of all creatures P He is the highest good; nor do any 
men doubt it, for they know nothing better, nor indeed any- 
thing equally good. Therefore every argument informs us, 
and all men confess the same, that God is the highest good : 
for they show that all good is in him. Forjf it were not so, 
then he would not be that t?hich he is called. Or if any- 
thing were more ancient or more excellent, then would that 
be better than he. ' But because nothing was more ancient 
than he, nor more excellent than he, nor more precious than 
he, therefore is he the origin, and the source, and the roof of 
all goods. It is sufficiently evident that the perfect good was 
before the imperfect. This then is to be acknowledged, that 
the highest good is fullest of every good, that we may not 
speak longer about it than we need. The same God is, as 
we before said, the highest good and the best happiness; 
since it is evidently known that the best felicities are in 
no other things but in God. Then said I: I am convinced 

§ III. Then said he : I beseech thee that thou wouldest 
rationally understand this, that God is full of all perfection, * 
and of all good, and of all happiness. Then said I : I cannot 
fully comprehend why thou again sayestthe same thing which 
thoti saidst before. Then said he : For this reason I say it to* 
thee again, because I am unwilling that thou shouldest sup- 
pose that God, who is the father and origin of all creatures ; 
that the supreme goodness of him, of which he is full,jcam6, 
, fa) him from without. Nor moreover am I willing that thou 
' shouldest suppose that his good and his happiness were one 
thing, and himself another. For if thou thinkest that the 
good which he has, came to him from without, then would 
that thing from which it came to him be better than he, if itp- 
were so. But it is very foolish^ and a very great sin, that any 
one should thus think of God ; or moreover think that any-' *" 
thing was before him, or better than he, or like him. But we 
must be conyinced that God is of all things the best. If thou 
then believest that God is like as it is among men, {hat one 
thing is the man, that is soul and body, and another is his 
goo(Sies8, which God joins and afterwards holds together and 

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/ fie mipa fioaae hif. J^w^onne hij* fpa sefommge rpa he ]K)ne 
upae bep. Ppaec ale )iinj t$e tofoeaben bip j^iom o]>]ium. h\} 
o]>ep. ofep f ]?ins* ^^ah hi nt^a&bepe pen. Iiif )Hnme hpelc 
]?in^ tofceaben bij' Fpom tSamVhehrcan ^obe.^ i3oiiiiejDLe bij) f 
^Bof heh]t;e job. '^ if ^eah micel fyn co jej^eaceiuie be Iiobe. 
■^ ^eiuj job fie bucdn on hun. otS^ semj j^ioiD.hiin.aba&leb. 
pQp]Mua)>e.nan puht nif bet^ie Sonne he. aeje«ui*job hun. 
Ppilc J^inj m»j beon betefie )>oiiiie.htf fceoppenb. Foppam ic 
fepje mib pihtpe j^ceabpifneff e. f f yief hehf te job on hj 
10 ajenpe jeoynbe. f te ppupaa if eallpa . )»nja. EUa q»&]> ic. Nu 
]xu h^fft me fpi^ie pihtey pgepnaahte .* Da cpa^]? ^. Pp»t ic 

gnne aap f »be -^ f hehfce job 3 po hehfce jef a&l]i an p»pe. 
icfBipic. Spa hit If. DaVp85)>he. Ppafttpillepe Sonne fec;jan 
hpast f fie ellef butsan Utib. Da cpe)? ic. Ne qi»j ic ]«^ 

/J^o]>facan. jQppnmpe ic hif peejf. aep je]>afa : • 

§ IV.^ I>& cp»f he. Pp»pep Su hit afpeotolop oi^jiton 
mttje. jif ic Se fiune bif»e jetXj ecje. JQip nu t^ job pepon.^ 
t$e ae mihconj ifec romne bion. ^ Wpon ^eah butu jobe.' hu ne 
paape hic Sonne jenoh fpeotol. -^^lopa^ n»pe naQ)>ep f oj^ep. 

i/> fop pjr ne maej p8&C pille job mon no toba&leb. hu maejliic 
beon mipeji je pull. je:pana. pofijiam pe q>e]»a]> f fio full^e- 
fsAf ^ job. f hi fien an job 3 f pe ^.hehfte. i^ ne majon 
naeppe peopj^an tobaslebe. pu ae fce^lon^ pe ponne nebe bion 
jej^pan f po hehftojgefaelp 3 yio heane jobcun bnef an pe. Da 

^Cpae^ ic. Nif nan J»u^ r<»t>pe ponae p»uv ne majon pe nappuli)q 
pnban betepe*" pontterijob. Da cpaep he. *Sc igjaolbfii^ mib 
punpe bifne ^?6t1jg h|ypp ua utkn f pu ae nuhtft zi»nae p^ 
pnban opep. p?a f pa uppitena jepuna if. "pyhi piUa^ pmle hpaet 

Zphpega. nipef ^ relbcuper eopian. f hi ms&jen mib Sy.apeccan f 

Jd flOob papa j^^eabpa I • \ 

§ V."^ pu ne hedfboa pe »p jepehc^^ f 1^ jefs&lpa anb po 
jobcunbnef asii ptepe. fe pe Sonne pa jef 8&lpa awfp. Sonae Im}} 
he sejpqi fe ])e Sone »jpep ha&fp. pu ae b\^ fe Sonne pill 
eabij. pu ae paft pu nu hpaet" pe cpepaj> fi fe bio pif pe 
pif bom haepp. 3 pihcpif Se pihtjHpaeff e h»pp. fpa\ve ^^pepo^ eac 

^ Boet lib. iii. proea 10. — Resplce, inquit, an hinc qnoque^&c. 
^ Boet lib. iii. prosa 10. — ^Nam quoniam bealltudinis, &c^A 
» Cott. J>«m. * Cott. soobe. « Cott. goob. * Bodao^eppehtne. 
s Bod. seotma. < Cott ta soob ]n&]Mn. ^ Cott buto ^^oobe. ^tbiopa, 
deaont ia MS. Bod. ^Cottrcnlon. ^^^ Cott mebexape. "Cott. 
Sepeahc " Cott *. 

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§ IT. V. BOsxaiUB. 139 

r^^olates ; if tlioa belierMt that it iftiso with God* then must 
thou of neeessitj believe that some power is greater than ius, 
■which jaayjaia together what him^aahedoes what 
appertaiBB-to us. Besides, whatsoever is distiafit fcooa another 
thmg is oae, and the thiog another, though they he together. 
.If thecefora anything is distinct from the highest good, then 
that is not the highest good. It is, however, great sin to 
iioagiae concerning God that any good can be external to 
him, or any separated from him ; because notiuog is better 
tbm he, or-equally good with him. What thing can be better 
than its .creator ? .Xherefoiae.I.say with -right reason,! that 
that is the highest good in its own nature/ which is the origin 
of all things. ^Then said I : J^ow thou hast very rightly 4b^ 
l^^te^me. Then said he : But then J before said, that ISe* 
highest good and the highest happiness ^wecoone. Then said 
I : So it is. .Then-said he : What shall we. then «ay P What 
else is that but Ood P Then said I : . X cannot deny this, for 
I was before. convinced of it. 

§ lY. Then said he: Berhaps thou mayest more clearly 
apprehend it, if I still give thee some instance. If therefore 
two goods exifited, which i might not be together, .and were 
iieTertheless both good, woidd it not be then sufficiently 
evident ttiat neither of them was the other P Therefore the 
&U.good cannot be divided. How can it be both full and 
<i^ci^it P Hence we say that the full happiness and good, 
^i^ one good, and that is the highest. They .can never be 
separated. .Must we not then necessarily be convinced that 
^ highest happiness and the supretme divinity, are onep 
Thentsaidl : Nothing is more true than that. We are not 
^le to discover anything better than God. Then said he: 
But Iwould'S tiji Rgepar e thee by some example. so« that! thou 
fflayest not find a^y way of escaping ; as the manner of philo- 
sophers is, that/tibey always wish to declare sootnethiQg new 
and strange, thrtat. they may thereby. lawafcen the. mind. of the 
hearers. /' 

§ y. Hav^ we not already proved that happiness and the 
divinity wej^e oae P He then who has happiness, has both in 
having eitiiier. Ishenot, then, full hajjpyp Knowest thou not, 
^reover'^-what we say, that any one is wise who' has wisdom ; 
«id:rigfateou8, who has r ighteous ness ? So we also say that 

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i ffpe Iiob. ye )»a j^obnejje haepj? ^ t$a 2ef»l]ia. ^ a&lc S^r^^ 

JT op him cuma]>.' fpa fpa ealle rteoppan veopW> onlihte "jlge* 

(T binlite op t$a6ne pinnap^ rume peah peoTintiop. rume tow 

beoj^top. fpa eac f e mona. fpa miclum he hhc fpa no ruaat 

f £ine<Wcui]2. tSonne hiohineealnei^eoD&)*cin]> "Sonne bi^ he eal 

beojmcT Da ic ]>a J>if fpell on^eat. h«* ^ga^l^ '^' yi'^lpfi&« 1 TPf* 

/^ ap»peb. "3 cp»]>. If J>if la yunbonlic. t pnrum_. ^ gefceablic* 

fpell f ]>u nu fe^^t;. Da cytelp he. Nif nan puht pynpimpe ne 

jepifpe t$onne f ym% f yif fpell ymbe ir. j pe-wa ymbt . 

fppecan pilla]>. popj^am me t$in^T^ f P^ hicT^emenjen to )»m 

/^ eppan. Da cp»J> ic. pp»t if ytfa : - ' 

IS § VI.^ Da q>»J> he. ppa&t pu paft jj ic tSe »p fa&be f po 

foi$e^ 2ef»lp p»pe job. '^ op t5»pe fO)»an ^efseljie cumatS eall ik 

oJ>pe' 30b t5e pe sep ymbe fppaecon. ^ ept co. fpa fpa op ^«|ie 

■ f se cymp f paetrep mnon ]>a eop]>an. anb )>»p_apepj;cea^. c}m^ 

t$onnejip aat i$am »pelme. pypf i$onne co Bpoce. tSonne to ei. 

JO "gonn eianblan; ! ^ ea. o]> hit y^y ept to f ». Ac ic polbe ye m 

acfian hu t$u J>if fpell unbepftanben h»fbeft. Pp8&]wp t5u peak 

f V^ F'F S^b. t$e pe opt a&ji ymbe fpp»con. f if anpealb. ) 

peopffcipe. "3 fopemagnner .^ 3 jenj^ht. "3 Wif. Ic polbe pitoH 

hp»pep hvL penbeft f t$af 30b p»pon hmu J>aBpe fo]mn ^epdfe. 

ZS TV^ TV^ mone^ limu beo]?^ on anum men. ^ peonto]> i$eah eaOe 

to anum hchoman. bStSe ]>u penbeft^ hpylc^^ anl flSapa pp ^ote 

^/ pophte t$a f o]>an 2ef8&l]>e. -^ ptStSan J>a peopep 300b paepon hijie 

^ f 30b. fpa fpa nut fapl i licchoipirpyncaiS anne mon. ^ f e an mot 

haep]> mani^e hm. -j oeah to Sam tpam.^^ f if to t$»pe faple 3 

J^ to ]>am hchoman. belimpap ealle }>af ]>aef monnef joob. j^ 

i jafthce. je lichomhce.^^ Daet if nu J)»f hchoman job. -jj men 

5. 1'le paejep. -^ ftpan^. "3 lanj. ^ bpab. t mane^u o|?nu xob totac 

^Janii^ ^ ne bi^ hit t5eah f e hchoma felp. pop]7am Seah he tSajil 

joba hpylc popleof e. t5eah he bij? f he »p^* p8Bf . ]>onne if tSaaJie 

Jjr faple sob p»jjj;cipe._^ jemetjung. ■] jejiylb. ■] pyhtpipief. 3 

^ Boet. lib. iii. prosa 10. — Cum multa, inquit, beatitndo, &c 
1 Bod. 'J f e >eah ip Lob. ' Cott. ^oobpa anb ealpa ^ooba ]>eah if ' 
menig goob J>e op him Gym's. » Cott. ax »lpeb. . * Cott. serceabpifbfr 
* Bod. >m. « Bod. >e. ^ Cott. o^pu.-^ ■ tfodrpojimwpnep. » Bod. 
man hunb lima biot^. i<» Bod. hpyle. " Cott. ^m tp»m. >* Cott 
Saptlicu sehchomhcu. '» Cott. eacj^snii- " Cott vpop. 

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§ VI. BOXTHIUS. 141 

that is GFod which has goodness and happiness : and every 
happy man is a God. ^ And yet there is one God who is the 
stem and~foundat1bh'6f all goods, and from whom cometh all 
good, and again they tend to him, and he governs all. Se is, 
moreover, the origin and the foundation of all goods which 
proceed from him. Thus all the stars are lighted and made 
bright by the sun : some, however, more brightly, some less 
bightly. So also the moon gives light in such measure as 
the san shines upon him. When she shines upon him all 
OTer, then is he all bright. "When I heard this speech, I was 
artonished and greatly afraid, and said : This, indeed, is a 
wonderful and delightful and rational argument which thou 
xu)w usest. Theh said he: Nothing is more delightful or 
more certain than the thing which this argument is about, 
and which we will now spea^ of, for methinks it good that 
we mix it with the preceding. Then said I : Oh ! what is 

§ YI. Then said he : Thou knowest that I before said to 
thee that the true happiness was good ; and that from the 
tnie happiness come all the other goods, which we have 
before spoken about, and again return to it. ThuE u from the 

tthe water enters into the earth, and then becomes fresh, 
hen comes up at the fountain, then runs to the brook, then 
to the river, then along the river till it returns to the sea. But 
I would now ask thee now thou hast understood this discourse. 
Whether thou thinkest that the five goods, which we have often 
before mentioned, that is, power, and jdigmt5[»,jJidj:!fiBQwn, 
yd abundance, and pleasur e ; 1 ^ould kno^ whether thou 
{houghtest that these goods were members of the true happi- 
ness, as there are many members in one man, and yet all 
belong to one body ; or whether thou though test that any 
one of the five goods constituted the true happiness, and then 
the four other goods were its good, as soul and body consti- 
tute one man, and the one man has many members, and 
nevertheless to these two, that is, to the soul and to the body, 
belonff all these goods of the man, both ghostly and bodily. 
This then is the good of the body, that a man be fair, and 
Btrong, and tail, and broad, and many other goods in addition 
|fiUihLfiafi.; and yet it is not the body itself because if that 
loBes- any of these goods, it is nevertheless what it was be- 
fore. Then the good of the soul is prudence, and temperance, 
^d patience, and justice, and wisdom, and manv like virtues ; 

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142 BOXTHI179. CHAP. XXHt 

/ f^if bom. anb manege yptlce qiwjEtaf ; j fp& ^^^sali bi]> ofep pi^ 

fafl. o]iep bi^ hip« Cftsatpsssf, Da cpn]> ic. Ic polbe j^ ^ m| 

f sebeft jec jpeocolop ymbe tJa oJ>pe job^ fe co tfaejie fo]Mui jm 

jwlfe bebmpa)». Da qwf be. Ne jtisbe ic }>e »t* 1^' P^ Sef^ 

Jf job psBjie : • Etyfe. cpa^ ic. }>u' ^' ptbejv -p bro -p bebjti 

joob p»pe. Da cp^ bev €a}i€ "Sa na ^et ;e]mfa ^ te anpeaK 

^ peop Kcipev t ^^opgnAnn^* 1 X«^ jbt. ^ bbf . ;j f eo eabmoef 

•j "^pTwiifCe job. -p "Ba p»n eall^ an. -^ -p an 'Sonne pe- jobj^'Bl 

cp»]> ic. pa pile 16 nu ^tej o]>facan. Da q?as)> be. Ppfi&^ 

/^ "Sine]) }?e Sonne f ))a &nj pen. ]f e Jwtpai f o]>ena ^ef»l]7a kmu. ^ 

P^.^^I^^l' r^- ^ cya^ ic. Ic patTnu bpoet ])u jToli^ep: picas 

ac me lyp% bee 'p ]ni me f»beftpmiebpile ymbe f. Sonne t^i 

me aq*obep:. Da cptt^ be. Pune mibc^ je)>enican. pf Sa ^ 

peepOQ )>8&pe fO)>Kn jep»l)>e bmu. Sonne f»jioB bi hyist hye^ 

IS tobaeleb; fpa* fpa monnef bcboman bum bi}y hgaer hpcm^ to 

bs&leb. ac ]ie^a bma jecjub if f bie ^p^ca^ ^nne lidioinan 

^ Scab ne bip eallunja jebce. Da cp»|> ic. Ne tSefepf J) pu mafie! 

fpmcan ymbe f, ^noj fpeoeole tvk hdt^t mejmEsb. j^ pa ^^ 

ne pnc nan pobt cobeekb ppomSavfie fopan z^fsme. Da cpa^ 

ZO be. Iveno^; jnbre "Su hic onjiqr. nu Jm opi^icjT fVa job 

pnt f lice -p %e[dA} if. ;j po jq^ if ■JHiwijre job.h ^ hehfCi 

^X job If liob. ■][ fe Ifob if pmle on anugrWooba&leb. t» cp»p ic 

Nif pa0f ^ nan tpeo. Ac ic polbe mi^u me f aebeft bay bpeg^ 

uncu]>ef : . y j 

iS § VII.* Da cpwp be. Dmt/if nu fpeocol. f ce €MttI J» 

/^ Se pe asp jrmbe fpjtaBeon. brampap co t$am bebfcaiy^obe. 7^ 

-//^men fecap job jenoj; $f^ penap -p ^ pe f bebft^ job^jjjjh 

^9 fecap anfeaib; 7 eaeo^u job. ^ pe sep ymbe fp|i«eon!^ii 

penap f htc pe f hrofte job^W^iJu nnbc pieito f f bcbfC< 

^0 sob If npo|:. eaUpa Jiapa oJ>pa jo^ pe men ydvlie^: "3 bi IJfC 

foppam Se iMtnne mon ne lyfC nanef Sinjejy baton joobq 

oSSe hp»r oV ^^^ ^»r p® joobe jebc bip. mamjef pmjef I 

pibiia^ tie pmjob ne bip. ac hit ba^pp S©ftb %£a&£bggra" j« 

licef joobe. poppam pe cpepap f f behfCe job fie cS^nehfa 

j/bpof eallpa joba. ^ feo biopt Se eail %6b on bpeaniatp . "3 eacj 

3i pmj Se mon eall job pope b^. pop pam Smjetnen 1^ »lcci 

^ Boet lib. iii. prosa 10. — Hnjus ret discr«ti<mein sic accipe, &c. 

» Cott. o«pu goob. « Cott. se >o. » Bod. eaU. ♦ Cott _ 
« Cott. hWL « Cott. ma. ' Bod. % » Cott. hpitf^q. » Bod. 
»• Cott h^Sgg. " Cott hpuju. « Cott fe. 

Digitized by 



§ yn. BoxTHius. 148 

and nevertbeless the soul is one thing , and its virtoes are 
another. Then said I : I wish that thoa wouldest speak to 
me more pkialy about the other goods- which appertain to 
tfhe true happiness. Then said he : Did I sot say to thee 
before that the happiness was good ? Yes^ said I, thou saidst 
that it was the supreme good. Then said he : Art thou now 
oo&Tinced that power, and dignitTr and/renown, and abund* 
IDfi^ and pIeas«HPe, and happmess, and the supreme goocT, 
iliat these -are all one, and that one is good ? Tiien said I : 
How shall I deny this ? Then said he : Which dost thou 
then consider these things to be ; members of the true feli- 
cities, or the felicity itself? Then said I: I now pereeire 
what thou, wouldest know. Bui; I rather wish that thou 
wouldest inf<Mnn me somewhile concerning it, than that thou 
shouldest inquire of me. Then said he: Canst thou not 
imagine that if the goods were members of the true happi- 
^ ness, they would then be i n some degree separated, as the 
members of a man's body are in some degree separated ? Btit 
the nature of the meml>ers is, that they constitute one body, 
and yet are not altogether alike. Then said I : Thou needest 
not labour, more about that. Thou hast clearly enough proved 
to me that the goods are in no wise separated from the true 
tappinessi Then said he : Very rightly thou understandest 
it, now thoa xmderstandest that the goods are all the same 
&it happiness, is ; and happmess- is the highest good ; and 
Hie highest good is Gk>d ; and G-od is ever one, inseparable. 
!I!bm said I: There is no doubt of this. But I wish that '' 
thou wouldest now inform me of somethinfi^ tbiknowp. ^ 

§ Til. Then said he: It is now evident that all the goods 
wbich we baflre before spoken aibo«it, belong, to the highest /, 
good: and therefore men seek sufficient good, sschen ^^^J{;gcau^ 
consider that which they seek the highest good. Therefore 
tiiey seek, powe^ and also the other goods which we before 
mention^ beeaiaie th^ think that it is the highest good. 
Henee thou niayest know thatthe highest good is the roof of 
all the. otii^ goods which men desire and covet Eor no man 
covets anything but good, or something of that which resem- 
bles good. They are desirous of many a thing which is not 
fi^ good, but it has nevertheless something of resemblance 
to good, Tterefore we say, thai the highest good is the 
highest roof of all goods, and the hinge on which all good 
turns, and also the cause on account of which man does all 

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/ t$apa joba Ce hi Ijrj-e. f t$u mibt fpi)»e fpeotole on^tan be fun. 
t$e nanne mon ne 1;^ )»»f ]>in2;ef fe hme^ lyft. ne )>»f fe be 
be]>. ac ]>»f ]>e he mib ^am eapna)?. pop]>am^e he pen]>. ^ip he 
tSonne lup: be^ire. *;] f )>uphtio. f he tSonne ^etihhob^ haep]^. 

J'fhe ]>onn£ ha&bbe pme^jefaelfa. pu ne paft tSu jj nan mo n 
po p|] > y nelnitL tSe hinefpiban iVrte. ac Pit?H ny|])Y j ^hA jg^ 

y ^nrtM fr^ eaniMit' rnme eapnimxa «^ ^ume mib )>jBpeni^^eap « 
jia^ 'p hie nen t$y nalpan. 8um^ eapmaj? ^ hie pen H feanuffl* 

y *5ume -p hi polbon cuman to rumepe ]>apa jtp|«i;t5e hi 9onne to 

//jpinbiaji. pu ne ip"^ nu* ^euoh j^eocol f men nane puht* 

fpi^op ne lupa]>. Sonne he bop f hehpte ^ob. pop]>aiiipe 8^ 

yubt 8«r tSe hi pilnia]) otSISe boJ>. hi ^oJ>TignLJ[j|j^Jjehi polfoon 

habban f hehpte 500b on fs&m. ac he byeuS^ pume on ]>am IJe 

hi pena)> f hie m»jen habban pull job ^ puUe^ jepaelpa on 

/i"5ipum anbpeapbum jobum. Ac 9a pullan jep»l]>a ^ ^ hehjte 

Job ip Eob^ pelp. ppa ppa pe opt »p pssbon. Da cps&]> ic. Ne 

maaj ic no jej^encan hu ic ]>»p o]>pacan m»je. Da, cp»)> be. 

/;UtonlaBtan bonne bioji f ap^ j-ppa&ce. 3 bion unc faep oppop;;e. 

"nu tSu ppa puUice onjiten h»p)*t f Jjob pimle hip untobselebhc 

10'2 P^ X®^' 1 f ^^T S^^^ 1 n<> ^^r S®r»l^ hiip ?nahponan ut anc 
ne com. ac pa&p pimle on him pelpum. "j nu ip. ^ 6 bij> :• 
§ Vlll.y Da pe f^ipbom tSa "Sip ppeU apaftb h»pbe. J>a onjaa 

/*?*he ept pmjan -} fup cp»l)?y ^tTa meifp eL aelc J>apa ]>e1ppeo pe 
punbije to 9am joobe. 3 to^am jep8el]>iun. "j pe )>e nu jeh»p3 

2fSjJ[ie naib tSaepe unn^an lupe fippe mibban jeapbep. pece hun 
Ippeobom hu he m»je becuman to paai jepnl^um. fojipamt 
'ip po an p«pt ealljia upjia. ^eppmca. po an hyj> b^fjimfc 

/ pmyltu 8&pten eaUumSam yptum ^ 9am <rj>mn uppiTjeppinSr 
f ip peo anTppiSptop ^ pio an ppopep /IpminTia j&pteri 9affl 

J?/) epm9um piner anbpeanban hpep. Ac |?a ttlbenan p;anan .1 1» 
peolmenan. ^ aelcep cynnep timma f. ^ eall )»ep an^^pba pehu 

ne onlihta]> hi nauht )»»p ^obep eajan. ne heopa /pceappneppe 
^3nauh£(^jebeta)> to 9»pe pceaimnia 9a&ne rojmn teml> e, ac x^ 

, m]>on heYable^ba)> Saap nPohep eaxan|.J Gija nne dj Jularcippan . 
J/Fopfam ealle fa fmj 9c hep Lcia]> on^]>ipum anbpeapbum^ upe. 

pint eop]»hce. pop 9y hi pint pleonbe. Ac po punbopbce be- 
J^ophtnep. 9e ealle tSiiig'Ket^iphfc -j eallum pelt, nyle f f& papla 

7 Boet. lib. iii. metram 10. — Hue omnes pariter venite, &c. 

^ Bod. hipe. 3 Cott Seeiohha9. ' pume eapnimsa, deest in MS. 
Bod. « Cott. >onne. * Cott -p te men nan puht. • Cott bpohalJ. 
^CotLtnUa. • Cott soob ip gob. » Cott >a. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



§ nil. BOETHirs. 145 

good. Tor this cause, men covet every one of the goods which 
they covet. This thou mayest very plainly perceive hereby, 
that no man desires the thing which he desires, nor that which 
he does, but that which he thereby earns. For he thinks that 
if he obtain his desire, and accomplish that which he has re- 
solved, that then he shall have full happiness. Dost thou^not 
Imow that^no man rides because he lists to ride, but rides 
because he by riding attains some earning? Some by their 
ndin^ ^arn that they ja»y be the healthier : some earn that 
ihey may be the moire active ; some that they may come to 
one of the places which they are then hastening to. Is it not 
then sufficiently clear to thee, that men love nothing more 
earnestlv^ than they do the highest good; because everything 
which they desire or do, they do for this reason, that they 
would have the highest good thereby ? But some of them 
err in thinking that they can have full good and full happi- 
ness in these present goods. But the full happiness and the 
highest good is God himself, as we have often before said. 
Then said I : I cannot imagine how I can deny this. Then 
wid he: Let us then relinquish this discourse, and be so far 
secure ; since thou hast so fully learned that God is ever in- 
separable and full good, and that his good and his happiness 
came tct him fro m nowhere without, b ut was always in him* 
»lf, and now is, and for ever shall be. 

§ VIII. When Wisdom had ended this discourse, then 
began he again to sing, and thus said : Well, O men, well ! 
Let every one who is free, aspire to this good, and to these 
felicities. And whosoever is now bound with the vain love 
of this middle-earth,.let him seek freedom for himself, that 
he may arrive at these felicities. Eor this is the only rest of 
all our labours ; the only haven which is ever calm after all 
the storms and billows of our labours. This is the only asylum 
and the only cSmfort of the wretched after the calamities of 
this present lile! But golden stones and silver, ano- gg ^ms o f 
every kind, and all this present wealth, neither enlighien the 
eyes of the mind, nor improve their sharpness for the contem- 
plation of the true happiness; but rather blind the eves of the 
pind thian sharpen them. Por ail the things which give plea- ' 
sure here in this present life are earthly, and are therefore 
fleeting. But the wonderful brightness which brightens all 
things, and governs all, wills not that souls should perish, 


Digitized\y Google 


/ poppeo)fi))an. ac pile hi onLhtan. Cip t$oime hpelc mon mt^ 
^epon 6a biphcu ]i»r heopenbcaa leohtef mibjiluctpugi. ef^pm 
hif GOobej;. ISonne pile he cpe]>an -^ po beophtnef fmj^ puman 
f cimaa ~pe. ]>»ftepuef ^ to metanne p]> }« eoan bipl 


§ IX.' Da j*e pifbom t$a ]7if leo]) apinjen haapbe. ])a cj«]r 
ic. Ic eom jejxapa tS»f ]>e 6u r^)X* pop)mm]>e t$u hit lMBpj:t ^e- 
yepeb mib ^epceabpifbqie pace. Da cps^f he. ODib hu micW 
peo polbept ^u nu habban ^eboht ^ )hi mihtep: on^itan hpaec 
/of r^Jye ^ob pa^ie. "^ fapelc hit p»pe. Da cpse]) ic. Ic pdbe 
pas^aii mib ppi)^ unjemetUoe ^epean. ";} ic polbe imb unapi- 
mebum peo^ jebye^an f ic hit mopte ^epon. Da cpae^l' he. Ic 

/Shit pe t$oime yJld petagcan . Ac f an ic )^e bebeobe. f fa fenh 
pop 6»pe tn^ucse ne popjite f ^ ic sep sshSfi* Da epep ic. 

/i* Nepe. ne pbp^ite ic hit no. Da hpedf he. pu ne r»bon pe }e 
iftp ^ ]7ip anbpeapbe lip:Se pe hep pilnia}>.' te»pe no f hitfte 

// job. pop)«m hit paepe miptbc* -3 on pp^^ manijpeaib ^ebiekb.^ 

^7h f hit nan mon ne maat^ eall habban f him ne pie pay<^p }M"ggf 
jiaaa . Ic ]>e t«hte Sa ^ te ^p p»pe f hehpte ^ob*^»ji ^jt 

^0 )>a 50b ealle ^ejaeb^obe bio]7. ppdjoe hi pien to enum p^e^ p- 
goten . Donne )>»p b]j> pull ^oob. tSonne Sa .^ob eaile. J>e peJ^ 
ymbe p^i»con. beo]> to anum ^obe ^^abepob. tSonne neb^ 
]?a&p nanep jobep pana. 1$onne ]m job eolle on anneppe bio^. "] 
po annep bit$ on ecneppe. dp hi on.ecneppe n»pen.^t$Qime 

j;5^»pe hiopa ppa ppi]ie to jppnanne. Da cp»]7 tc. D»t iptgei^. 

ne m»2 ic ]i^p no tpeojan.^ Da cpaa]? he. . iSp le ^ hmpbe 

txep^b f f n»pe pull ^ob fBdt eall a&tjs&bepe nwpe. pop]w& if 

^' f poll ^ob t^t eall wts^^bepe ip untobarteb. Da cp»t$ ic. ^ 
me f inc}>. Da cpe^ he. penpt fu nu ^ ealle 5a:)nnj l?e jo^ 

j^ pnt on )^e.popuibe. pop ]>y jobe pint.^ py hi hal>bi^^^ hpa^ 

hpeju" ^obep on him. Iki cpa&f ic. Pjwp ma;^ ic ^Iq* pcnan. 

hu ne ip hit ppa. Da cp£e]> he. Du pcealt fetih "^A^p^"^ po 

annep -] pio jobnep an fw^ pie. Da cp»]> ic. ^Te « ^;^ ^^ )>«f 

t o^paoan . Da eps^^ he« pu ne miht t$u ^])eucan ']).«lc J^m; 

^/m»5 bion. rje on £ippe populbe. je on ]>»pe topeapban. 6a ifi^ 

si pe hit untobaeleb bij>. ^onne ne bi]>;hit •eallun^ ppa p^ hit lep 

■ Boet. lib. lii. prosa ll.^-^A4sentior, mquain, &c. 

* Bod. J>»p »p nep. « Cott vude. » CJott. po. * Ott imjlic. 
*Gott.tob»kb « Gott. j?eSS«> ' Bod. ne pien. • Cott. tywgetfb 
^Cott. Ti«n* ^° Cott. hid>be]3u " Ck>a. hptosn. 

Digitized by 


§ix. BOSTHiua. 147 

bat wills to enlighten tiiem. If, then, any man may iiehold 
the brightness of the hearenlj light with the clear eyes of 
his mind, then will he say that the brightness of the sun- 
shine is darkness to be compared with the eternal brightness 
of God. 

§ IX. When Wisdom had sung this lay, then said I : I am 

conyinced of that which thou sayest, for thou hast prored it 

by rational, discourse. Then.saidhe: With how much money 

wouldest thou hove bought, that thou mighteat know what 

^ true good waSyiSad of what kind it was? Than said I : " 

I would rejoiee wifcheaDeessiye gladness, and I would buy with 

coontless money, that I might see it. Then said he : I will 

then teach it tbse. .But tlus one ihing I t&join thee ; that 

thou, on account of this instruction, forget not what I before 

taught tliee. Ihen said I: Uo, I will. not forget it. Then 

Baid he : Dili we not before say to. thee, that thu present life 

which we here desire, was not the. highest. good; because it 

was Taried, and so manifoldly divided, that no man can have 

it all, so that there be. not to him a lack, of something? I 

then taught thee that the highest good was there where the 

gfoods are all collected, as if they were melted into one mass. 

Tlien is there full good when the goodswhich we before spoke 

of are. all collected into one good. Then is there a deficiency 

of no good. ..Then the goods aire all in unity, and the unity 

is eternal ! If they werie not eternal, then would they not be 

BO axuciously to be desired. Then said I: That is proved, nor 

<^ I doubt it. Then said he: I have formerly^^Qifid to 

thse; that that was.not full good, which was not iul together : 

l^auBe thftt. is. full .good which is all together undivided. 

Then said I : So methinks. Then.said he : Dost thou think 

that all the things which are good in this world, are therefore 

good, because they have something of good in ,them ? Then 

B&idI : What else cani think ; is it not so ? Thensaid he : 

^oumust, however, believe that unity and goodness are one 

^ix%. Then -said 1:1 cannot den^ this. Then said he ; 

panst thou not perceive, that everythmg is able to exist both 

hi this world and. in the future, so long as it remains un- 

"grated, but afterwards it is not altogether as it before 


Digitized by VjOOQ iC 


/ psf . Da cp»]> ic. Se^e me f fpeotolop. ne msB^ ic pullice on- 

jitan aepep hp»m ^u fPypaft. Da cQ&L.lie. f^ajt; 6u hpaec 

mon fie. Da cr»l> i c. Ic pat f hit irHl^P V ^ lidioina . 

he. Ppset t5u pajr ^ hit bif mon: tSa lipiie t5e feo 

J'hchoma unba&lbe^ heop. ne bi]>hit nan mon. pt$Saxi)^^ob»lbe 

bio]>. fpa eac pe hchoma hip hchomsy^]>a hpile,]»^ne hip hmu 

ealle haep)). ^ip he t$onne hpylc hm pom^rt^.^pime ne hip he eaQ 

ppa he »p p»f . ^ lice pu miht jepencaarbe »lcum tSmje. f 

n an }>inx ne bij> ppelce hit pap yiTOyfnit paman 6n^J>. ^ 

/^ cpa&l? ic . Nu ic hit pat. Da cpae y^ penjt; ^u hpsRpejt a&nij 

jefciSJt; feo. ^ hipe piUan' n^Ue ealne pej bion. ac pile hipe 

ajnum pillan^ feppeop^ i : • 

/^ § X.* Da cte[>T^ Ne m»x ic nanc cpicapuht.onptan tSapa 

]>e pite hps&tmtpSb. o^tSe hpet it nylle. t$e i m^teneb lyfce' 

/^poppeoppan. pojUmm^ aelc puhtpolbe bion haT^ libban. tSapape 

/^ me cinca^i$incp!\ bute jc jaa^ be tpeopum. ^ be pyptum. "^ oc 

fpilcum ^ef ceapttDirTpylce nane paple nabba)». Da pmeapcobe 

he ^ cp8&]>. Ne t$eappt )ni no be ^sem jepceaptum tpeo^an )re^ 

ma pe be ]>em o]>pum. pu ne miht pn jepon f »lc pSnit '] trie. 

^ gpiba^ pile peaxan on fa&m lanbe feloft. ^e him betft g epirt. 3 

mm jecjube bij> "] ^epunehc. anb J>8&p )>8Bp hit jeppw ^ hit 

. ^ hpa]>o)t peaxan mae;. "^ latort pealo paap.^^ giyn^uft jfi ffl*^ ^^^ 

pimer pubaleanb bi]> on bunum. fumna on meprciin^ ^ fumpa 

/■/y on monnm. nimna o ntciubum. ' nmine" on baimm ronbum, 

li Nim^"})onne rpa wibas^fpa FyP*'' TP* hpefep jpa tSu piBe. ^ 

^pe ftope l)e hipEapb "^ a&|>elo bi) > onTtb p eMcann^' ^ f ^t^ <?» 

2^7un cvnbe^^ rt<^ mm . Bonne nC j||^iyf>epl? hit t$a&n nauht. ac pop- 

feapa]>.'poppam »lcef lanbef jecynb if. f hit him jel^ JJP^ 

\l ^f US^licne p»bu tj^pije.^* anb hit fpa bel>.feni })ab 1 ||yp |>pal> 

^OTVf^ jeopne. fpa lonje fpa heopa jecynb bip. y hi gpopan 

moton. Pp»t penft ]?u pophpi sbIc fa&8^ ope^^ innon 8a eop- 

^/r ban. 3 to 6fl>um T to pyptnumum peonl>e on i$8&pe eoppui. 

-paaa GQn pon pi \>e hi tiomiial> 'g re itemn ^ j-e helm mote pf 

f«ftop ^ p^ leng jtanbon. Ppi ne miht )»u on^itan. tSeah f u 

J/ hit gefeon ne magj(e. ^p eiS re b»l. f e )» j>a6r tpeoper onjgslp- 

* Boet lib. liL prosa 11.— Si animalia, inquam, oonsiderem, &c. 

1 Cott. bits, s Cott. untobvlbe. * Cott. pe. |>e hipe pillnm. * Gott 
pillum. »Bod. lupt. • Cott pop|>em )hc. ' Cott. qmco. "Cott. 
|>oii. » Cott. pubu. >« Cott pealopian. " Bod. rome. " Cott 
pubu. " Cott nngecynbe. " Cott tybpe. »» Cott qieope. 

Digitized by 


§1. BOXTHirS. ^^^4^'^ 4Q 

was ? Then said I : Say that to me more plainly ; I cann6t 
fully understand after what thou art inquiring. Then said 
he : Dost thoa know what man is P Then said I : I know 
that he is soul and body. Then said he : But thou knowest 
that it is man, while the soul and the body are unseparated. 
It is not man after they are separated. So also the body is 
body while it has all its members ; but if it lose any member, 
then it is not all as it before was. The same thou mightest 
conceive with respect to everything : that nothing is such as 
it was after it begins to decay. Then said I : ifow I know 
ii T hen said h e : Dost thou think that there is any creature 
which ofUs wiD desires not always to be, but of its own will 
desires to perish ? 

§ X. Then said I : I cannot find any living thing which 
knows what it wills, or what it wills not, which uncompelled 
chooses to perish. For everything, of such as I deem living, 
desires to be hale and to live. But I know not concerning 
•ifi^jand concerning herbs, and concerning such creatures as 
have no souls. Then smiled he, and said : Thou needest not 
doubt cdncerning these creatures any more than about the 
others. Canst thou not see that every herb and every tree 
^ S^O^ best in that land which suits it best, and is natural 
and habitual to^it ; and where it perceives that it Aay soqjiest 
gww, an d latest fall to decay ? Of some herbs or of some 
Wood^jbe patfi^f^ »^^^ i« "" ^ill^ Q? some i n marshes , of some 
on .moors, of some on rock's, of some on "bare sands. Take, 
thwefore, tree or herb, whichsoever thou wilt, from the place 
^ g rminvft flAil and country to grow in, and set it in 
*7"*ce unnatural to i! : then will it not grow there at all, but 
^1 wither. Por the nature of every land is that it should 
nourish herbs suitable to it, and suitable wood. And so it 
^^ •• lac Qtecting and supporting them very carefully, as long 
J* it is thSr nature that they should grow. What thinkest 
thouP 'W'hy should every seed grow in the earth, and turn 
y^SS™? and to roots in the earth, except because they en- 
oeavour that the friink and the head may the more firmly and 
the longer stand ? Why canst thou not understand, though 
«iou art not able to see it, that all that part of the tree which 

Oigitized by 



/ monlmin tevetoLt^ ,^ ^f-ke^onxmy op i^am fffSc^mmim. anb fps 

"Miblanx iWjTie yxinbft oj? goneyhelaa^ aiib~p«tto »pD&p ?>ani 

bopuB oT$5e -j^ hie lit/ afp|»m^}>. on leafum^.^'On blOTtmum. 3 
/on bkbmn. Pfi nemiht ]m on^itan f te ag le pnbt jcwcer^ bit 
6~ inninpeanb hnercort . ^ iinbpoc beapiBort. MpfK^t |>n mihc gg- ' 

reon to " R tpeop DiT>; utonT;^efCYnpeb^ t J beipmeb* mib l^aeipc 
g jiinbe yip ^kme j^ncefi. 3 ]^i)» J>a jr^can pjonn^gr, ;j eae pi> 

];8ef)epiimftn bnto on ruiiittene. Ppa inn^^liee ne panbpi^ 
/(^rpyiopa terceati:a \incr^ r ^ppenber .^ 3 bujiu ))»f j-oeopp^aibqr. 

anb ^$eah pe hif nu pOB^i^n. hpek npe m»g apeccan m€- 
/Zbembee upef foepp«nbef ^i^ili anjrjMklb; hu hif, jepcea^ 

//V peop)»a]> 6|t; ^eebnipabe. fpylce hi ]K)nne peopbon co^rfteafce., 
/5hjWBt hi tSonne epfc bio)r. ^ eac hp»t hpegu^ anhcebioS. nnke 

be a be<m.8 poppfun? hi »lce xeafiepeep^^ tdU^fceactee ; . ] 
■y § Xl.*> Pj^jiep tSu^xet; on^ite ^ ^ \incye|>iaateji jefceafiB 
pilnobon<tx> bionne-on eeneffefpa iloe fpa men* ^p hi ixuhc(». 
i l)fBdp9!ti^uwionpt:ie ponhyy "^ gy jife mtoe^ up..anb no eopt* 

J Apf bnneK Jtbn hff ir jwt;^ bupon tw fey ^ Jjob xerceop hir ^JL 
jnp, ^ hipe op bune! pop)>^ pmbia^^^ »lc ^^oeapc ]?iben rwlwig * 
|>ibep hif jktnb "j hiyhasle ypi^|t/bio)> vanbdih^ ^ te hiin pi^ep* 
peapb bi]). ^ ui^ebybe. 3 nn^ehc. . jpp8e& fa Jt9J^, yopfsm hi 

/.; ]][nt fCilpe ^ecj^Be aab beapbp& bio]) ea^ifoj^e co coba&leQiM. 

^/anb eac uneal>^o" f omne cnma^. . jip hi jebwlcbe^^ peop]>a}^. pf 

^ f fc;J>0PPe »PP^ ptamtoelipft. ne yfji^ he ns&ppe ^^ab^i^eb n» 
ne»p pa&f. Jfc f paetep -j po Ifpc hioy bpene hnef c^ui je- 
cynbe. hi bK>]>t fp^Jne ea])e to tob»lenne. ae hi bi]». qx f ona set^ 
jsebepe; D»c pyp t^onne ne mse^ neppe p)eop)>an tobadeb. Ic 

JO r^B^ ]'^h nu hpene aep* ^ te nan pubt hip a^emun piUuiB 
nolbe poppeop]>an, ac 10 eom nu mape^^ yinbe f '^Bcynb. ]>onne 
ymbebone piUan. popj^am ht hpilum pilla]> on tpa.^^ pM mibt 
pitan^*' be mame^qp. )>in^m f f jecynb ip ppijw mic^. if fp? 
raicel jecjnb, f i^mn.hchomBn cpap eafi hip m»2«3 op .^*'?-* 

J/mete J>e pey^gja^ anb tteah pe^f pe mete ut. ]>uph 8ob« 

^ Boet. lib. iii. ptosa ll.--£a etiam que inanimata esse, &c 

1 Cott. SepeartJ. « Cott [bpucep. » Cott. utan s^^pceppeb. * Bod. 

bepepotJ. . » Bod. upepef : « Cott. pcyppenbep. ' Cott. hjm35«- 

« Cott. bion. » Cott. pop>8&m. »» Bod. punba^. " Cott. tob»lbe. 

"Cott. ma. "Cottfcu. " pitan, deest in MS. Bod. "Cott 



/ * Digitized by VjOOQiC 



groTTO in twelve months, begins from tbe roots and so grows 
upuCfqCjds into ^ the trunk, and afterwards along the pith, and 
along the baric to the head; and afterwards throagh the 
houghs, until it springs out in Iteves, and in blossoms, and in 
fruits? Why oanst thon not understand, that fivftr y \vs\j\ ^ 
thins; is inwardly softest, and tmbioken hardest ? jyloreover; 
thou mayest obserire how trees are outwardly clothed and 
covered with bark against tlie winter, and against* the stark 
storms; and > also against the heat of the sun in* summer. 
"Who can refrain from. admiring such woi!%)» of our Creator, 
and stiU mote the Creator ? And though we adinire him^ 
which of US' can declare worthily our Creator's will' and 
power ? How his creatures grow and. again decay, when the 
time thereof comes; and* from their seed become again re^- 
Hewed, as if they were then newly created ? What they then 
again, are; and also in some measure alone are, such they ever 
Bball be, because they are every yearnewlycreated^ 

§ XI. Dostthou now understand thait even inanimate crea*^ 
tares- would desire to exist for ever, the same as men, if they 

I could? ^ Boat thou understand why fire tends upwards, and 
c^hdajwgwards;? . Wherefore is it, but becausyGk)d made 
the soltenof one up, and of. the other down?" Poreyeiy^^^^j^^ 
creature chiefly tenda thither where: itfr^g^rtitiH||4t^^ i p& h^th 
especially i^ j and flies from what is contrary, imdHisagreeing, 
aad unlike to it; Stones, because they are of immovable ami 
hard. nature j are difficult to divide, and also with difficulty 
come togetber, when they are divided. If thou cleavest a 
stone, it never becomes united togetheraS'it b^ore was. But 
Water and air are of a somewhat softer nature. They are very 
easy to separate, but th^ are again soon together. The fire, 
indeed, cannot ever be divided. I just now said that nothing 
of its own wiU would perish ; but I am speaking mare about 
the nature than about the will, for these sometimes are difi 
ferently inclined. Thou mayest know by many things that 
iiature is very great. It is through mighty nature that to 
our body comes all its strength from the food which we eat> 
«ad yet the food goes out through the body. Bui neverthe* 

Digitized by VjOOQ iC 



/ Lcbomon. ac hif fpsDC^ t$eali ^ hif cpspc S^yi^)' o° »lcepe 

X »bne, fpa rpa monmelo^ ntc, ^ 'p ^jadi^ ggji h* cpyp)> »lciyiid, 

^ pa nopoM" peonl>a|> arVnbneb. rpa eac upe ^art bi]> rpi]>e nbe 

jganenbe u num unpiUum ^ uneftunypealberfton hif xe<rjiibe» 

j ^najler'^ poji hij- pillan. - p hip goniie Vonne pe j^Iapab. Pp»t tia 

netenu t$onne. ^ eac ]>a o^pe jef ceapta. ma pilma]> tJaef J)e b 

£ilnia^fop jec^be t$onne fop pillan. Unjecynbelic if aelcpe 

puhce® f hic pilnije ppecenneffe otStJe beafej*. ac feah manij 

)»in2 bi)> to ]>8&m jeneb f hic pi]lna}> t^apa a&SJ'pef . pop]«in^ fe 

f0 piUa bij> t^onne ftpenjpa tJonne $ jecynb. hpdmn bi}> pe pilla 

'/ [pit>pa ]»onne f jecjrnb. hpilum Jiaec jecynb oj:epcymJ> Jwne 

piUan. jja nu ppa&nne)* be}). j*eo bit$ selcum men jecynbe. "] 

hpdum^^ t$eah hipe bif poppepneb hipe jecjnber t$uph fa&f 

/^momier pillan. call ho luro "Sagr ha&meb t$inxer bil>f pop xecynbe , 

/i'paUar^ ^Qp p illan '. ^ 

§ All.^ JBe yiaa Jni miht openbce pican f pe pceoppenb 
eallpa ^epceapta bep]^ popjipen senne lupt "^ an ^ecynb eaJlu9 
hip ^^pceaptum. f ip "^ hi polbon i bion. a&lcepe puhte ip 2^ 
cynbe f hit piUni^e '^hit a pie be fsm b8&let5e hit hip ^ec^be'^ 
^0 healban mot ^ mse^. Ne )>eappt "Su no tpeojan ymbe -p J)e ^u 
a&p tpeobept. f ip be ]>am ^epceaptum tSe nane paple nabbi^. 
8&lc )>apa ^epceapta tie paple h»p]>. ^e eac t$a ]>e nabba]). piUnia]) 
pimle to bionne. Da cpse}> ic. Nu ic onjite "^ f ic s&p ymbe 
tpeobe. fiff 8&lc jepceapt piUna]» pimle to bionne. J jp ppijl 
^5'ppital^* on l$»pe tybpunje. Da cp»J) he. Pggp ep^^ bu goDDL 
gKXite i>aet aelc fapa puhta "Se him beon fencf . f hit fencf 

>z/aBtga&bpe beon pi^ehal unbaeleb. popf am %i} hit tob»leb bif. 
]7onne ne bij> hit noTial.^^ Da cpa&f ic. Daet ip pof . Da cp»)» 
he. Gall Jwnj habba]) |>eah »nne pillan. ^^ -p ip -^ hi polbon a 

JO bion. ]7uph ]>one »nne pillan hi pillma|> ]>8&p anep ^obep^^ Se a 

bif . -p ip Eob.^^ Da cpa&f ic. Spa hit ip ppa fu paejpt.^® Da 

cpaeb he. Pp8et fix miht openbce on^iton "f "f ip pop inlice 

SS^ob^^ Jwnj -p ealle^epceapa^ ealle*^ puhta pilnia]> to habbenne. 

*^ Boet. lib. iii. prosa 11. — Dedit enim providentia, &c 
1 Bod. ppp»c. « Cott. m^o. • Cott yepo. * Cott pe^ 

» Cott. >ups. « Cott. rype>£^ ' Cott iia>el»r. ■ Bod. bi«^^^ 
j^hce. * Cott. )ropl>»m. » Bod. Sehpilcum. " Cott. nalep. " Bod. 
hip Secynb. " Cott. j-peotoL '* Bod. ?>p»t. »* Bod. untobvleb 
bi1$ hit SehaL '< Bod. D»t ealle >ins habba'5 anne pillan. n Cott 
Soobej". »» CotL soob » fpa P»P«Sr*^> desunt in MS. Bod. « Cott 
Soob. ^ Cott. ealpa. 

Digitized by 


§xir. BoiTHius. ^"""""^ TSS 

less its savour and its virtue enters every vein, even as any 
one sifts meal : ^>ifl mAjil wiTin through every hole, and the 
bran becomes separated. So also our spirit is vflry ^^tlely 
wandering'^ ,with\)ut our will, and without our power, by 
reason of its nature, not bv reason of its will , that happens 
when we sleep. But cattle, and also other creatures, seek 
that which they desire, more from nature than fr^^ f] will. It 
is unnatural to everything that it should desire danger or 
death, but still many a thing is so far compelled that it de- 
sires both of them ; because the will is then stronger than 
the nature. Sometimes the will is more powerful than the 
nature, sometimes the nature overcomes the will. Thiis lust 
does. It is natural to all men, and yet its nature is some- 
times denied to it through the man's will. All the desire o f- 
cohabitation i g^from nature, not from will. 

§ XII. By this thou mayest plainly know that the Maker 
Qf all things has imparted one desire and one nature to all 
his creatures, that is, that they would exist for ever. It is 
natural to everything that it should desire to exist for ever ; 
60 far as it can and may retain its nature. Thou needest 
not doubt concerning that which thou before didst question, 
that is, concerning the creatures which have no souls. Every 
one of the creatures which have souls, as well 9s those which 
have not, desires always to exist. Then said I : Now I un- 
derstand that about which I before doubted, that is, that 
overy creature is desirous always to exist ; which is very clear 
from the propagation of them. Then said he : iDostthouthen 
\ IBderstand that every one of the things which perceives itself 
to exist, perceives itself to be together, whole and undivided ; 
because if it be divided, then it is not whole ? Then said I : 
That is true. Then said he : All things, however, have one 
^ill, that is, that they would exist for ever. Through this one 
^11 they desire the one good which for ever exists, that is 
l^d ! Then said I : So it is as thou sayest. Then said he : 
Thou mayest then plainly perceive that it is on account of a 
*^^°g> good in itself, that all creatures and all things desire 

Digitized by 



/ Da cp8&]> ic. Ne mm^ nan mon f o)^e f e^jan* ppi$am^ ic on^ 
f ealle ^epeeapcgfeo pteopon^ fpa fpa pa»pep. -] nane pbbe. nt 
nane enbdb^^bncjje ne heolbon. ac f pi]7e mg^[>ec hoe^ ^jjupca 
-} to nauhte pupben. fpa f pa pe s&p f tebon* on fin'© ilcan bec; 

J ^if hi naspboB anme Jj6tt ]>e bun eallum fuopbe^ ^ pacobe. an^ 
p»bbe. AjC nu popj'ainj'e pe piton -^ an pealbenb if €»llpa tSin^ 

y pe f ceoIon Vbeon nebe ue^af a n. ram pe piUan. pan jw nylbm. ^ 
He neT^e^^eSrta hTM)|: eallpa xoba. • t)a jme^cobe^ hf m^ mini 
cp8&]>. €ala^ mm alb ea« bpe&c ]>u eapt; fpijie %ejmi%, ^ ic fpi]c 

iObh}i^. f op ]>mum^ anbpte. fpif e neab ]>a onjectt^^ t$a -^ pik:, ] 
f dee f ])iL 8^ f80bejt; f yn onpcom ne mikktm, t$»f )>u p»pf 

/I nu se)^af8. Da q»J> ic. ppast p»j* -^ -^ ic »n^»be -p ic njyse, ^ 
Da cp»^ he. Du f»beft -^ t$u njjceft^^ s^^e jef ceajpte enbe^ 
ac pite nu f f' if 8elep» jef ceapte enbe. J^Jia f elf aap nembqfc. 

/i f ^r S^^*" ^o l'^ funbia)> ealle^^ ^efcef^a. nabba]^ hi ni 

/(5"ofep *p CO recaane.'^ ne hi imSi robr ngnia^on ne ""^^ •* 

/ ^^ § I. DA he t$a }>if fpell amb h»fbe. t$s on^^ he e}»> pn^. 
3 ])Uf cpaBjy.'tSiya 'hpa rpa m wwsshce iPipijCMi mab^ imaepeapbaa 
^GOobe »iapeti pthte» ^ nfile ^ hme sem^ mon ot$5e s&m^^in^ 
ma^e ameppan. oB^mnc 'Sonne feoan on lunaa hmi felpum. f 
he Sep ymbutOB hme f ohte. ^ f opl»ce unnyrte ymblio^;an fpa 
he^^ fP>)K>p7 TXM%e. "3 ^e^aeb^i^e to yam anumi 3 ^ejecs^ 
t^onne hif aj^num^^ OOobe. f hit msa^ pnban on mman hmi 

^^felfum ealle ^ 30b l >e hit.ute fec^.^ oimetnaeg he fpijw pa}« 
on^it^tt ealle ^ yy el ^ ^umiet. •ph© ap on bif GOobe haefbe. 
fpa fpeotok fpa ^u mint Sa pinnan ^feon. "3 J>u onptfc pin 
a^en in^]>ane. "^ hit bi]> micele beophtpe ^ leohcpe iSonne f eo 

j^funne. tonVam naii|haByixner "Sa&f lichoman . nenan unpeapne 

^0 m»g eelkuDSft ttaon Of hif GOobe )>a pihqnfneffe.** fpa -^ he 
hipe hp»t hpe^u nabbe on hif GDobe. tSeah po fpa&pnef j?air 

^jt jichoman. i ]» un|>eapaT opttabirezien jB ODob mib ojejjjio^ 

* Boet. lib. iii. metrum 11. — Quisquis profand& mente, &c 

1 Cott f op)>»m. 2 Cott. f lopem. » Bod. ungehce. * Cott langc 

fsebon. « Cott. f culon. « Cott. fmeapcobe. ^ Cott. Ca. ® Bod 

mino. 9 Cott. neffe. ^ Cott. neffe. " t if Sob, desunt in MS. 

Bod. " Cott. ealla. " Bod. hi. " Bod. anum. " Bod. un- 


Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

§ I. BOETHltrB. 155" 

to possess- »V. Then said. I : No man can more truly say; fbr 
r know that dl creatures would flow away like waterj and 
keep no peace nor any order, but very confusedly dissolvB, 
and come to naugtit, as we before said in tbis same book, if 
they bad not one God who guided, and directed, and governed 
tbem all ! But now, since we know that jfcbere is one governor 
of allihings, wb m nat nfleda bft conTim^ed . w hether we will, 
OT whether W^ jyill ijnt, that bft ia thftT>io^WH^>rtnf nf all 

goofls. Then he smiled upon m^ Mid said: O, my child, 
how truly haprpy art* thou, and how truly glad am I, on ac- 
cotmt of thine understanding! Thou hast very nearly dis- 
corered the trjith ; and the same that thou before saidest thou 
wtildefit not understand, of that thou hast now been con- 
^ced. Then said I: What was that, which I before said I 
ktiewnot-P Then said-he: Thou saidst that i^ou knewest 
not the.Mid of' erery creature. But* know nowj that that is 
tbe end of evBry creature, which thou thyself hast dready 
^Emnaed, that^ is^ gpod. To this all (features te^T^hey have 
Jtogood besides^this to seek, norcarathej AJjfi^ ^aBything 
eitfe above on beyondlW 


§1* Wnosir he had ended this discourse, then began he 
^S^ to sing, and thus said : Whosoever is desirous to search 
de^y with inward mind after truth, and is unwilling that 
^7 man, or anything should raddead him, let him begin to 
wek within himself that which he before sought around him ; 
^d lat him dismiss vain anxieties aa he best may^ and resort 
W SkL% alone, and say to his own mind that it may And within 
JWfralLthe good* which it seeks externalhr. Then, may he 
y^ soon disoover all the evil and vanity which he before had 
^ his. mind, aa plainly as thou caiist behold the sun. And 
1^ wilt know thine own mind,,.that it is far brighter and 
^f^i^'^an the sun. Por no.heaviness of the body, or any 
«ialt, can wholly take away from his mind wisdom, so that he 
oave not some portion of it in his mind ; th^^^gb the sluggish- 
ness of the body and iU imperfections often prepossess the 
jomdwith forgetf olness, and aftight it with the mist of error, 

Digitized by 



/ rulnerreji ijniS |^«.m]Veb polmifte hir |f:ont/o -p hit ne ma&^e jf 
e fcinan fpa nit polbe. ^15^"' 

eophte fcinan fpa hit polbe. "3 iSeah bif pmle'^cojin 
roJ>p»jTnen*e f»b on fsepe juple punijenbc. t$a hpile fe po 
;) fe lichoma jebepobe beof. -f |copn fceal bion apehc 
, f arcnnxa i mib Tape, jip hit 2;popian ]*ceal. Pn ma&i t$onne ;_ 
tf ^man p y^tpifh ce ;) terceabpirhce fecn?c;an. gip he nan xpot pto 
pifnej'je oiTnriirna&p^. nif nan fpa fpi)>e beba&leb pyhtpipiejH 
■p he nan py'ht anbpypbe njte. jip mon acfa]>. Fop)>am hitj 
jjije jiyht f pell f Plato f e uf pita fa&be. he cpa&f j^wt hpa j| 

/5l § II.® Da cpa&)> ic. Ic eomfKelyafa "p ^ paf fot$ fpell f Haco 

//^ ra&be. pu ne inynejoBgr^ fu joae eac nu tupa ]>8epe ilcan 

/^fppa&ce, aepept fu cpa&f e ^ ic ha&pbe popjiten f jecynbehc job. 

•p ic on mnan me f elpum haepbe. pop ^Jaej* hchoman heppfiefpe. 

ggt^oBji um ceppe |? ps&bept fa&t "8u h»pbept on^iten f me 

feipunf uhte^ ic hsepbe eallunja poplopen -p jecynbebce job. 

■^ ic oninnan me pelpum pceolbe habban. pop t$a&pe unje- 

i()methcan unpotneppe Se ic ha&pbe pop])am poplaetenan pelan* 

Da cpaej> he. Dap }ai nu 3;emynbert ^a popb fe ic J>e paebe oa 

]>»pe popman bee. ^onne miht* ou be f am popbum- jenug 

pptfotole onjitan -p f J>u a&p pa&bept f )>u nypptept.* Da cpa^ 

ic. Pp»t paep -p. hpaet pa&be ic f ic nyjte ! • * Da cpa&f he. ja 

^ J pa&bept o n faepe dean bee. ']) j?u on^^eate^ te jCiob pe plbe jijS 

mifeban xeB.i\ ^u_£K&ept f ]>u ne mihte^pitanhumeta h« 

f hi]- p eolbe. o^SeTiu he hip^peplbe. Da cpa&p icTlc geman jemoj 
5eap8?"min ajen bypi^. ^ ic hip paep a&p De jefapa. J>eah ic hit 
Jja be pumum baele onjeate. ic polbe jet hip mape a&t tSe je* 
JO neopan. Da cpaej? he. Ne ^e nauht a&p ne tpeobejf^ te Eob 
"^a&bbe *] peolbe eallep mibbaneapbep [ • Da cpaej> ic. Ne nw 
jeot* nauht ne tpeof. ne nu na&ppe ne tpeof.^ ic }>e pille eac 
pona pecjan be hpa&m ic hit a&pept^ onjeat. Ic onjeat ]78et f^ 
mibbanjeapb paep op ppi"5e manejum anb mipthcum* t^injmii 
3^ jejabepob. ;] rpi]?q"jfa^fte to romne ; i ; elimeb "3 jepanjob. na&pen 
hi jejabepobe "3 xenabobe . ppapifeppeapbajepceapta. ^onnene 
JVyujibon he na&ppe ne jepophte ne eac jejabepobe. "3 jip he hi 

® Boet lib. iii. prosa 12. — Turn ego, Platoni, inqaam, &c. 

1 Cott mynbgobept. ' Cott. meahce. ' Cott neppe. * Cott 
nyrpe. »'Cott. Seape. « Cott. jiec. f Cott tpio'5. • Bod. Hm 
xc »pej^. ® Cott. miplicnm. 

Digitized by 


\ II. BOETHIUS. 157^ 

K) tbat it cannot sbine so brightly as it v^uld. And never- 
iheless, a grain of the seed of truth Ts ever dwelling in the 
k>u]j while the soul and the body are united. That grain 
iiust be excited by inquiry and by instruction if it shall 
|;row. How then can any man wisely and rationally inquire, 
tf he has no particle of wisdom in him P No one is so en- 
telj destitute of wisdom, that he knows no right answer 
then any one inquires. Therefore it is a very true saying 
ftat Plato the philosopher said. He said : Whosoever is 
forgetful of wisdom, let him have recoursg to his mind ; then 
tiff he there find the wisc^m concealed by the heaviness of 
the body, and by the trouole and occupation o f his mind. 

§11. Then said I: I am convinced that it was a true 
laying which Plato said. But hast thou not again twice re- 
minded me 6F the same arrament ? First thou saidst that I 
bad forgotten the natural good which I had within myself, 
through the heaviness of the body. At another time thou 
iaidst to me, that thou hadst discovered. that it seemed to 
myself that I had altogether lost the natural good which I 
ihould have within myself, through the immoderate uneasi- 
jess which I had on account of lost wealth. Then said he : 
tince thou now rememberest the words which I said to thee 
m the first book, thou mayest by those words clearly enough 
Jj|U to mind what thou before saidst thou wert ignorant of. 
pen said I : What was that ? What did I say that I was 

Soraat of? Then said he : Thou saidst in that same book 
t thou knewest that Ood governed this middle-earth ; but 
ftou saidst that thou couldest not discover in what manner 
be governed it, or how he governed it. Then said I : I very 
tell remember mine own folly, and I have already acknow- 
|Wged it to thee. But though I know it in some measure, I 
Ijould yet hear more concerning it from thee. Then said he : 
•"lou formerly hadst not any doubt that God ruled and 
governed all the middle-earth." Then said I : Nor do I now 
doubt it, nor ever shall doubt it. I will, moreover, at once 
wll thee through what I at first comprehended it. I per- 
ceived that this middle-earth was composed of very many and 
^ous thincs, and very firmly cemented and joined together. 
*i these, such contrary creatures, had not been united and re- 
placed to order hy an all-powerful Being, then they would 

Digitized by 



/ nebunbe^mibhifunabmbenbhcum^ pacentmn. gonne rojliipan 
hi eaUe.^ *;) nsBjion^ no fpa ;|epi]iice. ne tpa enbebjTibuce. ue | 
rpa jemeclice hiopa fCebe. ^ hiopa ji yne pinben on hiopal 
ftopum. ;] on hiojta cibum. ^ip an unapenbenblic ISob Timja. 

jf peolbe pone .^ob f jp he if. f ic hace Lob fpa fpa ealle ^ef ceofca 

y § III/ Da q»}) he. Nu tJu t^agc jTaopenl ice on^ten hxjjt. 

t ne;£fflH3j»>JC-nu naufat fpi}« ymbe^ rP^ncaii. f ic ^e ma be 
^obe jtecee. .pojijuBin tSu eapc ^ ii nilwih cmaqi mnon^ th 

/^ ceartpe )»ne TO}ian ^era&lj te. pe Ju Janje «fi ne mihteg , 

// gufifiiaiL. Ac pit fculon fpa'Seah feoan f f^jEjep myntm. Bb 
cp8&]7 ic. Ppiec If ^. S)a'q«&]> he. pu ne xealhan pt «p ^ te 
^«n^bt pa^e^ .^efa&lpa. ;] $a ^ef a&lj'a pa&pon Iiob. Da cpaef ic. 
Sga hit If fpa pufejft. Da cpn]> he. iCob ne bepeapp nanef 

/^ofjief pultmnef. buton hif relcer. htr terceatta mib tojy eal' 

// ^jnne . tSe^ ma ]?e he 8*p Jjopjxe to "Sam peopce. p op^ain^ ^if 
Ee senij^Tadtumcf on sen^m gmgMm bepoppte. tSonne napbe 
he no f elp ^enoj. Da qii»]> ic. Spa hit if, fpa ^u fe^^pt. .Da c^} 

/^ he. Duph® hine jelpne he ^^fceop ealle^^ t$ing. ^ eallpat^eat.^^ 

^Da cp»]> ic. Ne nus; vc t^f opfacan. -Da cpaip.he. .j^p pe)e 
haepbon ^ gqieht.*' -p Ixob p»pe J>uph hme pelpae gob.^' fi* 
cp»]> ic. Ic ijeman ^ )m ppa f»beft. Da cpafrp he. ;Duph^^ gp ofe 
Jjob S^ceop wlc** Jwij. poppam*^ he pelt^"^ ))uph hine f«lpe 

^^eaJlef iSaBf fSe pe eep opa&bon -p job paspe. 3 he ir ana mi))QlpaB3i 
jj jpealbenb. ;] f teopa. "] fteoppopep.^® popf «m h? peht^^ iTpa^ 

eallum y rc^^^ff^, | ^ i^au jcob^^ rteona^^ ^anum fcipe] S^ 

epttp ic. iNlu ic &e anbette 'p ic ha&bbe punben bupn. ]>a&p t$ap 

';J£,»P xer eah^uae lytle cvian^ ^ fpa p»t ic unge a > e^ ^ mihte J^ 

feon^* fpi|p« iyteilne fcimany^^^ op pipun** fceofqram. ^ 

J^Seah pu mexeehteft sep pa/ bupu. ac ic hi^ ne mihte mape 

apebian buton ^ ic hipe ^apobe jmbuton "^ ^e 
fj( ledit^efeah tpmchan. icSe f»be^epypn 9&p on $iff< 


' Boet. lib. uL prosa 12. — Tiim ilia, cum hsec, iaquit, &c. 

1 Cott.'^ebunbe. ^ Cott. tibanbmbenbhoiin. > Cott ealla. * Bod. 
na&pe. ' TCott. in ong « Coftt. p»pen. ^ Cott. |>on. * Cott. jropiwni. 
•Cott. Dt*S- »*Q6tt. eall/ " Cott. pylt. " Cottgepeahc "Cott 
goob. /"Oottaajis. /wCotteal. ^ Cott. T«T*»m. ''Cott 
pit. /»CottT5^^i|joWxThdjna. »» Cott. pihc «^Cott.soob. 
" Cott itiopa. / « Cott ^mfl% ^3 Cott imea>e. " Cott Sffwn- 
^^Cott/^irpun./^^ ^=^ 

Digitized by VjOOQ iC 


§ in. B0BTHITJ8. iDy 

neyer bave been formed nor joined together: and if he had 
not bound them with his indissoluble chains, then would they 
all be dissolved. J^either would their station and their course 
be formed so wisely, and so orderly and so suitably in their 
pla^s, and;ixi their times, if one unchangeable God did not 
ezifb. GFood> therefore, directed whatever is. TEis I call 
God, aa all creatures call it. 

§ .m. Then said he : Since thou hast so clearly .understood 
this, I need not now greatly labour in order that I may in- 
struct thee further concerning good ; for thou art now almost __ 
come iflto the city of t\\^ tnift hftppinflHa^ which thou some 
time ago .conldest.not discover. But we must nevertheless 
consider what we have already proposed. Then, said I: What 
is that' ? JThen fiaid he : Have we not before agreed that suffi- 
cieney was Jiappine8S,.and happiness was G-odP Then said 
I: So it is as .thou say est. Then said he: God needs no . 
other help besides himself to govern his creatures with, any 
more than he before. needed for the creation; for if he had 
need of any help in anything, then would he himself not have 
sufficiency. ThSen Aaid I : So it is as thou sayest. Then said 
he: By himself he seated all things, and governs ,all. Then 
^d.I; I cannot deny it. Then said he: "Wle have before 
shown, to .thee that God was of. himself good. Then said I : 
1 ]:emember that saidst. Then said he: Jlirough 
go<?d, God created everything, for he governs by himself all 
that which we before said was good : and he is the only stable 
govQ:nor,^nd pilot, and rudder; for he_directs and rules aU 
creatures aa. a good pilot steers jx 3\i\v, ' Then said I : IsTow I 
confess to thee that J have found a door, where I before saw 
onlvA^l^lA pJiJTjtK «n thatl.scarcely could see a. very small 
I '^y of lighit in ifiis darkness. And yet thou hadst before 
pointed out to .me the door, but I couId.not ever the more 
I discover it, 'though I groped for it whereabout I saw that 
Httle light twinkle* I said to thee some time a^o in this 
^^nie book, that I knew not what was titie beginning of all 

Digitized by VjOOQ iC 


/ f ic nyjre^ hp»t fe ppumapsepe ealpa ^efceapta. %a ;g ;ep^lite[t. 
^u me ^^ hit paej* Iiob.' J>a nyfce* ic epc ymbe )>one enbe. »ji 
}>u me epc jepehteft ^ ^ pa&pe eac Dob.^ "Sa f»be ic J>e-^ ic 
nyfce' hu he ealpa ]>apa tefceapta peolbe.^ ac "Su hit me l^sffSi 
Snu fpife jpeotoletepehs. ppelce' in haebbe ?a bupu abp^n 
J>e ic ap rohte.~Sa anbppopobe he me ^ cp»J). Ic pat ^ icjg 
a&ji jayxxfijoj^® tJ»pe ilcan pppaece. "^ nu me )>inc)> -f fu. onpte 
ppa jpa lenj ppa bet ^be t$a poJ^psBptnepre. ac ic polbe get fe 
eopian pume bipne.^^ ac ppa ppeotole ppa po p»r J>e ic fe a&p 
fC pa&be. Da cp8&)> ic. Ppat ip pio : • 

§ IV.* Da cp8Bj> he. Ne m»5 n»nne mon )>»p tpeojan^^ f 
te eallpa jepceapta agnmn piUan^' Dob picpap opep hi. 3 eaf- 
mobhce hiopa piUan penbap to hip pillan. Be ]yaem ip yyiye 
ppeotol f te Ijob^ejhja&p pealt mib f»m hehnan "^jinib pa&m 

!S ptioppofpe hip jobneppe. pop]?am|?e^ * ealle'^ ypceairaftecvnbe- 
^Ifce hiopa agnum pillmn pmbia)? to cumanneto j ^Qoe. ppa fpa 
'pTopt »p pabon on )>ippe ilcan bee. Da cpa)> ic. Ppi ne m»j 

tS 10 J)»p gjeo^Bm,'^ popf »mfe Iiobep anpealb nape pill^eabi^c^ 
gip pa jepeeapta hiopa unpiUum him hepben.^^ *] ept t5a Jjft* 

ZO pceapta napon^* nanep ^oncep ne nanep peop))pcipep peopf&^' 
jip hi heopa unpillum hlapopbe hepben. Da cpaj> he. Kip nan 
j^epceapt "^e he tiohhije**^ f hio pcyle pinnan pi^ hipe pcippenbef 

£.3 pillan gip hio hipe xecynb *^ healban pile . Da cpaj> ic. Nip nan 
jepceapt*' pe pij kipe pcim)enbep pillan pinne. buton bypij mon. 

^5'ol5^ ept ^a pipeppiepbanr en^ap. Da cpa)? he. Ppat penpc Jm. 
Xipig ney i terceait: t iohtfobe f hio pi)? hip piUan pceolbe pinnan. 
hpat mo mi^te pij> ppa/mihtine ppa pe hme gepehtne habbi^. 
Da cpa]7 ic. Ne magon hi nauht t$eah hiTpillon. Da punbpobe 
he ^ cpa]?. Nip nan Aiht )>e maje ot$tSe pille ppa heagum" 

^0 Dobe pi^cpejan. Da ycpa]> ic. Ne pene ic J'ang puht pe % 
pifpmne. Duton ^ mt ap pppacoii. Da pnegcobe^'lie anb 

St cpap. pite geape ^fp ip f hehpte job. f hit eall ppa mihtigicg 

9 Boet. lib. ill. prosi 12.— -Cam Deus, inquit, omnia, &c. 

» Cott ftyrre. 7 Bod. hpwt. « Bod. et Cott. gob. * Cott nyj^e. 
s Bod. etCott. sob. / « Cott. nyrre. 7 Cott polbe. » Cott gepeahc 
» Cott rpylce. w Cott mynbgobe. " Cott bypie. " Cott tpogan. 
" Cott. pillum. h Cott. ):op>»m)>e. " Cott. ealla. " Cott J^pone 
mses >wr tpogan. i " Bod. hepbep;. »■ Cott. n»peD. " Cott. pypj»e. 
^ Cott tiohhie. ^2» Cotttc yn^ « Cott Secynb. » Cott pi^qj- 
peajiban. " Cott heaum. "^^ Cott pneapcabe. 

Digitized by 



creatures. Thou didst then inform me that it was God. Then 
again I knew not concerning the "end, until thou hadst told 
me that it was also God. Then said I to thee that I knew 
not how he governed all these creatures, hut thou hast now 
explained it to me very clearly, as if thou hadst opened the 
door which I hefore sought. Then answered he me, and 
said: I know that I hefore reminded thee of this same argu- 
ment, and now methinks that thou understandest, as the 
later, so the hetter, concerning the truth. But I would yet 
show thee some example as manifest as that was which I he- 
fore mentioned to thee. Then said I : What is that ? 

§ lY. Then said he : No man can douht this, that hy the 
proper consent of all creatures God reigns over them, and 
bends their will conformahly to his will. By this it is very 
evident that Gt)d governs everything with the helm and with 
tbe rudder of his goodness. For all creatures naturally of 
their own will endeavour to come to good, as we have often 
Woce said in this same hook. Then said 1 : Indeed I cannot 
douht it, for God's power would not be entirely perfect if 
creatures obeyed him against their will : and again the crea- 
tures would not be worthy of any thanks or any honour if 
they unwilling];^ obeyed their lord. Then said he: There is 
^ ^^IEE? which attempt^o contend against its Maker's 
*ill, if rtdeaire to retain usnature. Then said I : There is 
^0 creature which contencis against its. Mak^'fl. will except 
^lish man, or, again, the rebellious angels. Then said he: 
what thinkest thou P If any creature determined that it 
would contend against his will, what could it do against one 
80 powerful as we have proved him ? Then said I : They 
cannot do anything, though they will it. Then wondered he, 
^d said : There is no being which can or will oppose so high 
ft Gbd. Then said I : I do not imagine that there is anvthing 
which opposes, except what we before said. Then smiled he, 
ftnd said : Be assured that that is the highest good, which so 

Digitized by VjOOQ iC 


; maca]). j eall ^m^ ^pceop. -j ^allnm pjaKepediP ^T^^t* "3 W 
eapelice^ buton »lcum gefpince hit ealifet. D& cysap ic, yd 
me bcobe ^ ]m eji 7»be]t;. "3 Jnjref me lyjt; nu-jpet^ bee. ac hk 
fceama)) nu "p ic hic a&p ne onjcar. Da cpes]' be. Ic par^ -p )>u 

^ gebepbejt; ope peccan an ealfamn leapnn ipeHum ^ te lob 
Sarupnef pmu r ceolbe beon^ relueiirta liob opepTo^e Ikrt^^ 
J he fceolbe bion "SeBf heopenef funu. "3 reolbe, yiicnan on heo- 

^ peniun. j^^ rcoteon MJJJ23' b^bn eo pftm fuiagC I 3 l? a rceolbon^ 
jjucnaa o yen eonpan . T j?a p ceolbannii beon* i^dce® hy pa&pon 

/I xerpVrtnena beaTm7 icoTi^»m]»e^° he rceol&e beoa heoroner r«inL 
J hi eopjmn. tSa fceolbe tain ^ijancum ©p)pmcan*^pSe haefbe 


//pophton. "3 mihton eaf e fec^an yoffpdH., ^ip hmi )>a leaTim^ 

'' - naepon^* pp^cpaii. 3 "Beah ypiye gelic j^inuiL hi mihttm pec^ 

nhpjlc byfij'Keppob pe p^ane pophte. pe Nemob ymf Lhup^ 

I punu. liup psBj* lihamep punu. fcham^^ Noep. ys Neppob bee 

pypcan »nne top on tSam^^^elba J^eSeiEmap^^ haeee. ^ on fa^ 

2,6 "Siobe ye Deipa haete. fpi}>e neah ))»pe b^i^ i$e mon sm hxsc 

Zt Babiloma . ^ hi bybon pon ^ m ]>ip^im ^fe hi yolbon pieon hn 

heah hit p»pe 1:0 ]?«m hepone. "3 hu tSidke^^ )% hepon ps^;] 

^u paeft. of5t$e hpeet J^eep opep p»pe. Ac hit ^bypebe. jy^ tc 

a^^^-f Tg js ; obcunba anpealb^^ hi t o pagncte «p hi hm 

_^^fehaoi^m?^ Tftc^pe^ppJ^OBe.sopiaL^'^iiiopaniaHi^nB^ 

opploj. -^^ hiopa ppp»ce toba&lbe on tpa^ ^3 hui^ peoponti^ ^ 

j^eoba.^^ 8pa-^ebype}> »lcum ^bpa jie pm]» pn}? )n&m ^obcimbm 

anpeatee.^' ne ^epe^g^® himnaafeopi)ipoipe on Jinm. se j^]> fft 

^epanob ]7e hi iep^h»pban ! • 

30 § V.^ Ac loca nuhpaB)?eptSupiile'jJpitMCppypflgen*' «&ft^ 

J/ »ni^pe ^epceabpipnepfe ;piip]»ap. nu pit ?^^i^S^^ liabba^. f 

^ Beet lib. iii. prosa 12. — ^Sed visne ratieones vpsss, .&c. 

» Cott. ej>ehce. * Cott. ^et. » Bod. ?>p»t ic par. * Cott. bion. 
5 Cott. oUpu Lobu. « Cott. pceolben. ^ Cott. pceolben. » Cott 

bion. » Cott. ppelce. " Cott pop>»m J>e. " Bod. hipe. ^ Cott 
hseta. »« Cott DyUica. " Cott. ns&pen. " Bod. nhaanic^ punB. 
libaaii. i« Cotj. >»m. " Cott. Nenpap. w Cott |»e. " Cott 
hcce. *• Cott jc^ . 2»Cottpalb. 22 Cott mopten. «»Cott. 
top. «* Cott monisne. » Qott fcu. " Cott sehoba. *'Cott. 
anpalbe. » Cott Sepy*S. 29 Bod. SeppJTwSen. •> Cott punben. 

Digitized by 



powerfmly does everything, and has created all things, and so 
\?idelj|fover all ogtonda, and so easily without any labour dis- 
poses everything. Then said I : I well liked what thou be- 
fore saidst, and this pleases me still better, but I am now 

^.itehamed that I did not know it before. Then said he : I wot 
thou hast often heard tell in old fables, that Jo\re « the son of P 

%t3i^, should bte the highest god above Uthfer'f ffds ; and^P-^ '^^'^^ 
tbould bp the son of heaven,, and shojjddgign in J " 
and tbe fgiants s hniilH ha f.hft sons of earth: an( ^ 
over the eartn ;''and then they should be as if they weresist __ 
cMdren, for he should be the son of heaven, aaoid they of earth. 
Then should it bethink the giants that he possessed their 
Itingdom. Then were they desgous to break the heaven under 
ten. Then should he send thunders, and lightnings, and 
^ds, and therewith overturn all their work, and slay them. 
'Such fictions they invented, and might easily have related 
%ue history, if the fictions. had not been more agreeable to 
%in, and yet very like to these. They might have related 

i what foUy. Nimrod the giant wrought. Nimrod was the son 

I of Cush; Gush was the son of Ham, and Ham of !N'oafa. 

I Kmrod gave order to erect a tower in the field which is 
•called Shmar, and in the country which is called Dura, very 
3»«ar to the city which men now call Babvlo n. They did it. ^ 

» ^ these reasons ; that thev wish ed tpjtnoy Fow high itwiB 
'wibe heaven, and how thicic tbe hesven was, and how -firm, 

'<»what was over it. But it happened, as was '^^ that the 
4Wae power dispersed them before theyTOTM'iOTnplete it, 

«nd overthrew the tower, and slew many a one of them, -and 

^divided their speech into seventy-two languages. So higpens 

* to every one of those who sbive against the divine povper. 
iTo honour accrues to them thereby, but that is diminished 

•which th^ before hiad. 
§ V. But see now whether thou art desirous that we still 

ihould seek after any aigument further, now we have dia- 


Digitized by VjOOQ iC 


I pit »p robton. ic pene ))eah2i£jic pet^ uncpejpopb cojotmj 

dea^. -f )>8&p afppunje J^jffljpffa^ gvi^ ro^pertperre" Sapa ]« 

jnc 8&P ne jej-apon. Da cfl^'TcnDo fpa j-pa du piUe. Da cpif 

4 he. Ppaec ns&nnermon nu ne tpeof f Dob j-J' fpa mihnj f he 

J* mxre pypcan f -p lie pille. Da cpsBf ic. Ne tpeo]> f»r nan' moa 

ge jauht pac. Da cp»)? he. Pp8&]7ep aenij mon pene* f faqht pe 

fxj ^e Dob bon ne m»^e. Da cp»]) ic. Ic hit pat f nauhc mf 

^a&r ?5e he bon ne ma&je. Da cpeef he. |7enft J)u hp8ej>ep he 

m»^e aenij* ypel bon. Da cpa&f ic. Ic^t ^ he ne maet. Di 

/acpsef he. Sol? gu regrtj poplxam hi t^tr f ua^p l>»p vfel jauht 

p»pe J>onne mihte" mt Ltob pyp^ua^ fopjjy hit if (nauhc.TJi 

/? q?»)) ic. GDe |>incl> f Ini meTbpehte a nbth^p ie^^ raa men c^ 

bef. laetp: me hibep ] tJijbejfi^ on'fpa^ficn? pubu ^ ic ne mi^ 

utapebian. popfam ^u a ymhe fticce jehj t eft on "Sa ilcai 

//fppaece. Je fu ap fpaece® ;] foplatft eft ^a ap tSu hi jeenbob 

/7habbe.® "itc^ hrtp on nndube . fy ic nat wj}^ hpat fu pile. CDc 

]>mc]> -p tSu Kpepfeft ymbuton^^ pime punbe^ce ^ felbcuje 

,' fppace. Sj?^£j^-* anf ealbnef fe f ape jobcunbneffe. Ic jemaa^ 

•p fu me ap lpehteft fum punboplic fpell. be tJam pa 8ume 

^^ pehteft f hit pape eall an jef alf a "3 f hehf te job. "3 cp»be f 

t$a jef alpa papon^' on t$am^* hehftan jobe^* f af te. ^ f hehjtt 

50b pape Dob felf .^* 3 he pape pill alcpe jefalfe. anb ^ 

cpabe f ale jef alij mon pape Dob. "3 eft 8u f abejt f Eobq 

jobneff ^^ ^ hif jef ahjneff ^ he f elf fat f pape^® eall an. "] f 

ZS }>onne pape fe hehfta job. "3 to fam jobe ealle fa gefcea^ 

funbiaf ^e heopa jecynb healbap. ^ pilniaf f hi^® to cumen. 1 

eac tJu fabeft -p te Dobpeolbe**^ eaUpahif jefceafta mib )«m" 

j rteo]ijiol?pe!' hif jobneffe.*' •] eac fabeft % ealle** jefcei^ 

hiopa ajnum piUum un^enebbe him papon** unbepf eobbe.*^ ] 

^0 iiu on laft J>u fabeft*^ f yfel nape nauht.^^ eall t$if J)u 3^ 

i^/pehteft to fofe fpife xerceabpirhce baton jalcne learnftjU Br 

SM be^2S? ^ cp*? ^®* Du ra&beft ap ^ ip l)e1bpeaibe. '^ Ac irt 

' Bod. pit sif Sec « Cott nwnne. » Bod. p»ne. . * »tug, dealt 
in MS. Bod. « Cott meahte. « Cott.|bpe!le f bybpe. ^ Cott 

Uebf t me hibpef "j hbpef. ' « J>e >u »p fpsoce, desunt in MS. Bo4 
• Cott. h»bbe »» nu, deest in MS. Cott. »» Cott. ymbe utan. » Boi 
Senam. >' Cott. p»pen. »*Cott, >»m. »» Cott. soobe. »«Cott. 
Soob p»pe nob. »7 Cott soobef. » Bod. jJ jJ he p»pe. » Cott 
by. «• Cott piolbe. « Cott J>»m. «« Cott ftioppo^pe. «• Cott. 
Soobneff e. «* Cott ealla. . «» Cott p»pen. «« Cott unbwi|»iobbe, 
•y Cott raebef. « Bod. » i>e Tbpelobe. 

y Google 

% V. B0BTHIT7B. 165 

covered what we before sought. I think, however, if we 
again strike our words together, there may spring out some 
spark of truth of those things which we have not yet ob- 
served. Then said I : Do as thou wilt. Then said he : No 
man doubts that God is so mighty that he is able to work 
whatsoever he will. Then said I : No man doubts this, who 
knows anything. Then said he : Does any man think that 
there is aught which God cannot do P l^hen said I : I know 
that there is nothing which he cannot do. Then said he : 
Dost thou imagine that he can do any evil ? Then said I : 
I know that he cannot. Then said he : Thou sayest truly, 
for it is nnthing : If evil were anything , ^en could God do 
Jt, Therefore it is nothing^ Then said I: Methinks thou 
misleadest and deludest me, as any one does a child : thou 
leadest me hither and thither in so thick a wood that I 
cannot find the way out. For thou always, on account of 
some small matter, betakest thyself to the same argument 
that thou Wore wert speaking of, and again leavest that 
before thouNjiast ended it, and beginnest a fresh one. There- 
fore I know not what thou wouldest. Methinks thou re- 
Tolvest about some wonderful and extraordinary argument 
concerning the oneness of the divine nature. I remember 
that thou formerly madest to me a wonderful speech, wherein 
&0U toldest me that it was all one, happiness and the highest 
good: and saidst that the felicities were fixed in the highest 
food, and the highest good was God himself, and he was full 
«f all happiness. And thou saidst that every happy man was 
ft God ! And again thou saidst, that God's goodness, and 
kis happiness, and himself, that this was all one, and was, 
consequently, the highest good; and to this good all crea- 
tures which retain their nature tend, and are desirous to 
come. And moreover thou saidst, that God governed all 
lis creatures with the rudder of his goodness; and also 
'•aidstj.that all creatures of their own will, uncompelled, 
^ere subject to him. And now, at last, thou saidst that evil 
was nothing ! And all this thou hast proved for truth very 
tttionally, without any ambiguity. Then said he: Thou 

Digitized by 



I ]>iiiGl> f dpim ^ ic^BBuht n^^gdobe.^ ac f 98e t$e fpi]>e lan^ 
fpell ^ panbiqihc rpi]>e^ ^efceabiice be ^am Iiobe tSe pit nnc^- 
^ffOL co^eBsboiu ^ iWL jet* le teohhia -f ic ge hrot hpQsa* 
uncul^ef jepecce be ]>ai& ilcan Iiobe. pit if jecynb tS»pe job- 
^ctmbneffe j} luo nue^ heoa unjemenjeb pt^ Q]ijie^ jefceafta. 
bucon o)»c]i)ia. jefceajta- pultSmcieT fpa fpa nan o^p ^q-ceaft 
ne iiid»g. ne maa^ nan o^eji^^fce^ be him j-dlfum bion. jyt^ 
fpa jio*^ Pajimembef 3% rceep fe^faebe^ anb qwft}>. 8e admihti^' 
!Dob If ealljia Sinja pecoenb i ne ana unayenbenbli c^^ imnia >, ^j 

/^ eellpa ^afia apenb«3^iejia^^ pdc foji^a&in^une ^eapft nauht 
ffij^e punbpijan ^eeh pefpipian^^ seftep t$am^* J^e pe onpmnon. 

li. rpa mib laBf popba. fpamib ma. fp»J>ep pe hit ^^eccan ma^n.. 
Beah pe nu rculop maiiey; a •] miftdice^* b ijua anbtbirpe" 
neccan. geah nantal? une tOob ealne pej on fc&m )?e pe a ^^ 

/3'jpypia}). ne fo pe na^* on Sa Jiifena^^ anb on bifpell*^ ipoji^ 
leaf ana fpella lupan. ac pop|iam]>e^^ pe polbon mib feebea 

t$a fo^F»ftneffe. "3 polbon f hit pupbe to nytt^^am"^ 

l iepenbum .^^ Ic ^nunbe nu pihte^J^saf QfsmJ^^itonef la|ui 

/^fuma. hu he cp»&J),tj^fe mon fe l>e H)irpe31^^an^ ^ polbe^je 

^0 fceolbetpon on to unjehc bifpell tJaepe fppaace t5e he tJoMft 

fppeean polbe. ac X^heop^ ^ nu jef ylbelice hp»t ic nu fppecan 

jille. ^ah hit ]?e Sejrypn 8&p unnyt t$uhte» hpa^qi J?e fe enbfr 

''>€«p hcian pille : • ^ 

§ VI.* Onjan ®la pnxag . ^ cp»];!jllief aalij bi}? pe mom Je 

^^ m»3g ^ereon. t^one hluttnap|tegpellm >^ tS^ hehftsuo^^^bef . 3 op 

/6 him felpim. apeoppan mae^;'^a ^Siof^pa hif CDobqr. |7e f cidon ' 

jet OP ealbum l eapim fp^Htun ^pimtbifpdl pec^an. pit je- 

lamp jio. ^ te an heanpene . pasr on t^»pe ]>eot)e.^*^ i?e Thpaoia 

^ ^ httCte. jio psBf on Cpeca pice, fe hei^pepe paf fpi}>e. un^^ 

^0 FP*Sl>ce job.^s ]>«f namapsBf Oppeuf . he hs&p be an fpifre aenhc 

pif. f 10 p»r haten 6upybice. })a onjann^'^ monn f ecjaa. be Jwubi 

5i|heappepe. -^ he mihte heappian '^ f e puba^^ papy)be. ;] tSa ftanaf 

* Boet, lib. iU. meirum 12. — Felix qui potuit boni, &c, 

' Cott Tbpelle . 2 Cott. -j rpi^e. « Cott giet. * Cott. hpugn. 

t* Cott. otpa. 6 Cott. otpu. 7 gio, deest in MS. Cott. « Cott. 

abbobe. » Cott. »lmihtesa. *® Cott. unaDpenbenbhc. " Cott 
eflSfcTanpenbenbhcpa. 12 Cott. fpypien. " Cott. >»m. »* Cott 
mifhca. " Cott no. i« Cott bifna. " Cott on J?a bifpel. " Cott 
f opJ>»m J)e. *® Cott becnan. *>. Bod. Sehejienbon. 21 Cott. pyhte. 
22 Cot tf -fe te. 28 Cott j-ecsan. «* Cottftehep. «« Cott J>iobc. 

« Cott Soob. 27 Cott onsen. 2^ Cott. puSu. 

y Google 

§ TI. BOBTSIirS.. 167 

saidsir just nomrthat I deceived thee; but metbiuks tfaseb 
I hsre not deceianed thee, but have stated to thee a very'long 
and: wondeifcd avgament, very lationaMy, concerning that 
Gk)d ta whom we some lime ago prajed : and I still intend 
to teach thee Bomcthinq^ unknown eoneeming the same God. 
It is tiie nature of the divinity, to be able to exist unmixed, 
with other beiiogB, without the help of other beings, in such 
a way as nothing else is. capable of. No other thing is able . 

to exist of itself. Thus f n^mHy P5^nn'^*^^*^fiff the poet stng . (V I 
and said : The Almighty Q^^ is ruler of all things, ana he ' 
alone remains unchangeable, and governs all changeable 
things* Therefore thou needest not greatly wonder, when, 
we are inquiring concerning what we have begun, whether- 
we. may prove it with fewer words, or with more. Though 
we should produce many and various (Examples and tables, 
yet our mina always hangs on that which we are inquiring 
aft^; We do xust betake ourselves to examples and fables, 
for love of fictitious speeehes, bub because we desire therewith 
to point out the tmth^ and desire that it may be us^ul to the 
KfflrersT I called to mind just now some instructions of the 
wise Plato, how he said that the man^ who would relate 
ajable, should, not choose a fable unlike the subject of his 
discourse. . JBut hear now patiently what I shall further say, 
though it formerly appear^ to thee unprofitable, whether the 
end may batter pkase thee. 

§ YI. He began then to sing, and said : Happy is the man 
who can behold the clear fountain of the highest good, and can 
put away from himself the darkness of his mind 1 We will 
QAw from old &bles relate to thee ajtox^. It happened for- 
merly that there was a harper in the country called Thrace, 
which was in Greece. The harper was inconceivably good. 
His name was Orpheus. He had a very excellent wife, who 
was called Eurydice. Then began men to say concerning the 
liarper, that he could harp so that the wood moved, and the 


y Google 






I polbonxo mnan. 
^eah hi men. 

/ hi ft Jpebon.^ pop )>am rpege, ^ pilb feeop.^ t>»P t 

"} fcanbon.' fjnlce hi tame^ pa&pon. j^a pnlle. 

otSSe himbaf . pi]> eobon. f hi hi na ne onfcunebon. gapsbon 

hi. J ga&r heappepef we. jPfol^c acp^lan. ;j hipe jttple. mon 
^ fceolhe.Taebon" co helle. ^a fceolbe \e heappepe. peop]>an fpa 
/fapij. ^ he ne mihte.t on-xemon:^. 6i >nmn mannum bion. ac 

teah CO juba. "3 f»t on j)»m muncum. 8e2]>ep jetbaejej*. je 
f niBtef. peop 1^ heappobe. p }>a pubafpipobon, 5 fa ea rtobon. 3 
, nan heopt. ne onpcunobe. n»&A6 ieon. ne nan hapa. ns&nne 
IC hunb, ne nan neat, nyjte nsBnne anban. ne nsenne eje. co 
// obnum.'jop J)8epe"5^pht^l5aBj* fonej*. DaUaenv'heappepe fa 
//_ ^^ce. f mae^pa.^ nanep tJmjef ne l^e on "Sijye populbe. ia 
/$ pohte he. f he polbe jep econ. heUerijobu . f ^ onxinnan_ him. 
fA oleccan mib hif neapepanf-^ bibban ^ : hi him axeacan. ^ ett hif 
//pif. Da he pa ^ibep fceolbe cuman. l^a&n^ielle Jmni 

onx ean hine. ]>a&r riyia pa&r Jgl^mif » re rceoio^^ 
/jffpio iieapbn. i onxail Ha&xeniS ymre OT ^^^V ^%' ^ ple; 
fit" pyp hine . pop hip heappTHSTSf^fe paf ^a&p e ac. rpibae^em e y;eac- 
)^ peapb. ^a&f nama pceolbe beon^* Eapon7 f® i^flfpo^ ^^u; SpiS. 
^oheapbu. "3 pe^* ps&f ppipe opeaJb . Da on^an^* t$e^* heappepe, 

hine bibbau. f he hineaga^^Hyjibe. pahpile j$e he pa&p ps&pe. 

^ hme jepunbne. eft pluion bpohte. ^a jehet he him ^. fop- 
7^p»m he paef odyrt. ^^ ga sf plbcupan f onef.^Da eobe he fuplK)p 
, ', ob he ymette/^ ^a ^pamMij teybena.'.^ geT Folcirce meiw haci4> , 
^Papcaf, ?5a hi fec^^ap, J on /nS&m men^ i^on nane ape. ac 

oainiiTvi menn^ ppecan^° bdr hip jepyphtum; "^^ hi pecjap, f 

f^ selcef monnef pypbej^ onj^ann^^ he bibban. hiopa* 

i4 iiQ /M^>r»nn/>r> Vii lapan mib him. Dfi eobe he^* fup- 

onjean. "3 la&bbon hme. to 
fppecan mib him. itbitifcaiL.- 


pealban^** selcep monnef j 

milcfe. ' 

pa x>n junnon 
•^ ^ himhinnon ealleT 

J^ hiopa cyninje." *] onra 
j$a&f pe he b»b. Anb -p 
bunben. Laiuca^ cynin; 

ttfCiUe hpeol. t$e Ixion pa&f^ co je- 

fop hif fcylbe. -^ o ^ob. pop hif 
JJheappunja. Anb Tantjalilf fe cyninj. tje on piffe populbe. un- 

» Bod. hipsebon. « Cot*, jnlbu biop. » Cott. fConban. * Cott. 
camu. * Cott. l»ban. « Cott. mepsl^- ^ J>a> deest in MS. Cott 
• Bod^acu. » Cott. ageran. " Bod. Spnepnuf. Cott. liepuepne- 
puf. " Cott. onf»snian.l » Bod. pleigan. " Cott. bion. '* !«» 
deest in MS. Cott " Coft ongon. " Cott fe, " Bod. onlyft- 
*» Cott mette. '* Cotri pnettena . ^^ Cott. ppecen. «> Cott palben. 
«* Cott onsen. » Cott heopa. " Cott bbj^e. 24 Bod. hi. 2« Cott 
pipj>uji. «7 Cott cinnmse. 28 paef, deest in MS. Bod. *» Cott 

Digitized by 


§ TL B0STHIT7B. 169 

stones stirred themselyes at the sound, and wild beasts would 
mn thereto, and stand as if they were tame ; so still, that 
though men or hounds pursued them, they shunned them 
not. Then said they, that the harper's wife should die, and 
her soul should be led to hell. Then should the harper be- 
come so sorrowful that he could not remain among other 
men, but frequented the wood, and sat on the mountains, 
both day and night, weeping and harping, so that the woods 
shook, and the rivers stood still, and no hart shunned any 
Hon nor hare any hound ; nor did cattle know any hatred, or 
any fear of others, for the pleasure of the sound. Then it 
seemed to the harper that nothing in this world pleased hifki. 
Then thought he that he would seek the gods of hell, andj 
endeavour to sdlure them with his harp, ancpray that they 
would give'him back his wife. When he came thither, then . 
should there ^ome towards him th e Hoyy of hell, whose name 
was Cerberus ; he should have three heads, a ncfbe^an to wag^ 
^s tai l, an^lay with him for his harping. Then was there 
ffio^Hvery horrible gatekeeper, whose name'should be Charon. * 
He had also three heads, and he was very old. Then began 
the harper to bese^h him that iie w<^d protect him while 
he was there, and bring hhn thence again safe. Then did he 
promise that to him, because he was desirous of the unac- 
customed sound. ^''Then went he farther, until he met the 
ferce goddesaea^ whom the common people call I'arcae, of 
wnomfe^ say, that they know no respect for any man, but 
punish every man according to his deeos ; and of whom they 
say, that they control every man's fortune.^ Then began he 
to implore their mercy; Then began they to weep with him. 
Then went he farther, and all the inhabi ^anta of hellja n 
towards him, and led him to their king ; and all b^ganto 
speak with him, and to pray that which he prayed. Aid the 
restless wheel^ which Ixion the king of the Lapithse was 
bound to for his guilt ; that stood still for his harping. Xnd 
Tantalus the j^ing, who in this world was immoderately 

Digitized by VjOOQ iC 


^j^Sa^SSff:^* he ^eptilbe. Anb j-e Uiifep T'pceQlbe pplaBCanrlr 
nene plac. pa bppe Tyoef . 9»f oymn^.^ ]>e hine »ji. nub yj 
pitnobe. Anb eall ^sU]Qk|ia. jntu ^eftilboa. )ra laf ile i% he be- 
/popaa Jrain cyninse heappobe. Da be ]>a lai^e. -} lan^heap^ 
pobe. ^a dipobe.^ re he]lpapana > cyimix » ^ cpni^. ytx)ii^xiPM, 

I ^a&mterne hif piF» Fopjwm® he hu haayp t jg pa p Mfr/ "^itr ImT 
i^ppiingp^ Kfthflfth hmt Sa. "Salt he ^eie^a'^fte*^ f he^ hine 
fra^TieTufibepbaftc ne befafe. pjifaa^^ he ^onongeag^^ pa&pe. 3 
fOY9dbe, ^ip he bmeunbepbaao h^pe..^ befceolberFo^»can ])»c 
pip. Ax: 8a lape moB ms^ fp^]ie imea}>e. oS8e na" popbeobaa. 
if j?ila p^.^ ^ hp9t Oppeuf )>a. l»bbe hip pip nub bun. o)>]>e he com. 
on f ^eniaape. leohtep '3\f»eoptpo. jfSi eobe '^ ptpaei^n him , ^a 
he pop|>^^ on f leoht com. "Sa bepeah he hme unbepbssc. pi]> 
/^asp pipep. fa lopebe*^ beo^^ bun pon|i. Dap leajian^^ ppelL !b]ia]> 
^ehpilcne man. ])apa }7e pibiiii|?« belle |^ ^y-tpa.^^ co pliopne. ;} to 
fa&p pofep.^^ So^^r bohce. to cumenne^** ^ he hme netberib. to 
/^hip ealbum^^ ypelum. ppa fi be. hi ect, m m ]iAgtpiiipp^Tn || Bj^. 
f pa he hi ae^p bybe. pon^am^^ ppa hya ^p a. mibncuHon^^ pilLari. hit 
/j/ ) {Pob pent, tsg J^a yp lnm. ])e be sep poplet. 3 hi tSosmetmkj^eme^ 
_iji^-be bim Jwffierpuflice bcitj?. ;] be luna&ppe. pofil»tan ne 
}7«ic)>. ]>oniie ropljjt he. eall hip a&ppaa )Jpb.^^ buton he hit 
ept ^ebe&B : • ^ pep enba^i niL pe<> fcpibbe boo Bo^tie g^anb on- 
jmj? peSpeopfe:* 


2/ § I. D35 pe jTipbom ^a pip leoJ> ppipetl^^^^^;] jepceab- 
pipbce apunjen baepbe. pa b»pbe ic pa ^ec*** hp»C* bpeja^^ je-^ 

irmynb on minum COobe pa&pe nnpotnerr e pe ic a&p beapbe. 3 
It cpaBp. €ala j7ipbom. pu pe eant iboba anbrto ppynel^^j Sfep pofan 
U^ leobcep. bu punbopbc me "Smcp^^ pu 1II6 pecpfc.'^oppam ic 

k Boet. lib. IT. prosa 1. — Bxc cnm Phflosophia dictate, &c. 

1 Cott. plsbe. 8 Cott. uteop. » Bod. cynins. * Cott deopobe. 
« Cott. puton. « Cott. pop>iBm. "^ Cott. geeapnab. « Cott. geajie 
piire! Te, deest in MS. Bod. et Cott " Bod. pop)>am. " Cott. 
})onanpeapb. " o^]>e na, desunt in MS. Bod. " Cott. peila jw. 

1* Cott. pup>um. " Cott^pabe. " Cott. hio. " leapan, deest 
in MS. Cott. " Cott. jp>tltftpo, »» Cott. po >an. *o Cott. cumannc 
21 Cott. ealban, 22 ^ott. ]:op|>»m. 23 Cott. pulle. 24 rjott. S^o^* 
25 Cott. Siet. 2« Cfott. hpylc. 27 Cott. hpusu. 28 Qottho^jry^ 

Digitized by 




^//4^ > 

gisedy, and whom thoir same vice of greediness followed 
there; he* became quiet. A^di i^e yoltuFe sfaould cease, so 
that he tore noi? the liver of IHtyus* the king; which before 
therewith tormented him. And ail the punishments of the 
inbabiteaita of hell were suspended, whilst he harped before 
the fci^! When he long and long had harped, then spoke 
the king of- the inhabitants of helJ , and said : Let us give the 
mam his wife> for he has eaimed bOT by hisHiarping . He 
then commanded him that he should \i^ observe that he 
sever looked; backwards after he departed tfaehce, and said, 
if he looked backwards, that he should lose the woman. But 
men can with great difficulty, if at all, restrain love ! "Well- 
away! what! Orpheus then led his wife with him till he 
cnne to the boundary of light and darkness. Then went his 
wife after him. When he came forth into the light, then 
J^oked he behind his back towards the woman. Then was 
she immediaitely lost to him. This &ble teaches every man 
^0 desires to fly the darkness of hell, and to come to the 
light of the true good, that be look not about him to his old 
▼ioes, so that he practise them again as fully as be did before. 
for whosoever with full will turns' \v& minci to the vices, 
which he had before forsaken, and practises them, and they 
tben fully please him, and he neverthinks of forsaking them : 
then loses-he^U his former good, unless he again amend 
it! Hera^e^a the third; book of Boethiusj and begins the 




§ I. When Wisdqm had very delightfully and wisely sung 
this lay, then had Ijas y^^me little remembrance in my 
mind of the sorrow which I former^ had, and said: O 
W isdom, thou who art the n^flftflengfir and forerunner o f the 
true light, how wonderful does that appear TD me which thou 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


/ on^^ite )>»tte eaU f 9u me »p peahteft me peahte' Ixob tSupli 
pa. "} ic hit prte^ eac a&p be pimum b»le. ac me ha&pbe )>iof 
unpotnef ameppebne. f ic hit ha&pbe mib ealle fopjiteii. ^ f 

2f If eac minpefunpotnef]e f e m grta baL ^ ic punbpi^e Fop^F? 

J' re xoba** Jjob l»te s&nix ^el beon.* o^5e jip hit feah bion^ 
jcyle "^i he hit 2e]>apan pile, pop hpy he hit ^onne* pona ne 
ppecce J Pp»t f u miht® tJe pelp on^itan ^ ^ ip to punbpmmie. 
^ eac ojjep tJinj.^iojp fmcf jet^^ mape punbop. f ip "p te pyn" 
Tjrnjnhrpip^.p T\irpiypa}> p pftp eq jne^^ mibbamcapb . T re p'lrboin 

/^ T eac o^ne cnfectar ntebbaj) nan lop ne naanne peop^cipe on 
t5ifpe populbe. ac licta]) poprepene ppa rpa meox^^ \i ||^<>pfpA]^ini». 
•] ypele men on aelcum lanbe pinbon nu pypf e. 1 ^a ^oban 
habba)> mani^pealb pitu. ppa maBgfeopbagpan " ^ he ^ ne piopje 

Jli^S rpylcpe jgaifi. ne punbfnpPpHDeae^iejTtlc ypel jep^fan 

/5'pceolbe unbep t$8&p s& lmihtiXMi Eobep anpealbe . nu pe piton f 
he hit pat. ^ 8&lc job^* pile. Da cps&)7 he. Dip hit ija ip ppa tJu 

/•r pe^pt. t$onne ip )?s&t ejephcpe "Sonne a&ni% o]?ep ibnota. 3 jp 
^i &nbeleap piinbon, tSam^^ jehcopt fe on pumep cymnjep hipefee 
'^Ipien ^Ibenu patu ;] r^ppenu}^ poppepen. "3 tjieopen]!. nion 

%0 peopfije. pit nip no^''^ ppa ppa ))u penpt. ac jip "8u eaJl f je- 
munan pilt ^ pe e&p pppsecon. mib "8»p Ijobep pultume. ^e pe 
nu ymbe^* pppeca)?. i5onne miht^^ f u on^itan -p fa ^oban biof *® 
pimle pealbenbe. "^ fa jT^lan nabbaf nsenne anpealb.^-^ "^ -f 5a 
cpaeptap ne biof n»ppe buton hepinje. ne buton ebleane. ne 

j^fa unfeapap n»ppe ne biof unpitnobe. Ac fa joban^* biof 
pimle ^epsehje. ^ fa ypelan unjepselixe. Ic t$e m«5 eopian C»p 

I ''ppif e hiane^a bipna^^ l>a ^e mazonrytpymian .^^ to l>am^^ ^ 

/ fu napt hpaet fu la&n^ piopiy* Ac ic ge pille nu jiefjietaecan 

©one pej pe '^a jelaet to f »pe heopenlican bypi^. ^e f u aep op 

^0 come. jitJtJan fu onjitpt fuph mine lape hpset pigjof e ^epaelf 
bif . ^ hpsep hio bif . Ac m j<yeal ^pept "Sm ODobpepif epian.^ 
•f hit maeje hit fy ef up ahebban »p t$on hii: pleojaii onjinne 
on t5a heahneppe. ^ hit mseje hal "^ oppopj pleojan to hip 

%Jl eapbe. ^ poplaetan a&lce f apa ^ebpepebneppa 9e hit nu f popaf . 

iBod. mihte. « Cott. pippe. » Cot t. Sgobfr, * Cott bion. 

5 bioD, deest in MS. Bod. « J>onne, deest in MS. Cott ^ Cott ppece. 
« Cott meahc » Cott. J>mes. " Cott giet. » Cott bypS- 

»2 Cott. eallne. " Cott. miox. " Cott. soob. " Cott J)8&m. »» Cott 
relrpenu. ^ Cott Nir hit no. »» Cott. embe. " Cott meahc 
20 Cott. bee's. 2» Cott. anpalb. «« Cott. sooban. 23 Cott bipena. 
2* Bod. Setpymisan. «« Cott. co Jwn. =» Cotf feere)>epan . 


by Google 

§ I. BOETHirS. 173 

declaresfc to me ! Therefore I am persuaded that ail which 
thou before saidst to me, God said to me through thee! 
And I also knew it before in some measure ; but this sorrow 
had distracted me, so that I had entirely forgotten it. And 
this, besides, is the chief part of my i^phf^y^pinftHH^ that I 
wonder wh y the good &od should suffer any evi l to exist : 
OP, if it yet must exist, and he wills to permit it, why he then 
does not speedily punish it. Indeed, thou mayest thyself 
know that this is to be wondered at. And also another 
thing seems to me even a greater wonder, that i8,«that fjplly. 
^d wickedness now reign over all the middle-earthy and 
wisdom and also other virtues have no praise nor any honour 
in this world, but lie despised like dirt on a dunghill : and in 
every land wicked men are now honoured, and the good have 
manifold punishments. "Who can forbegj lamenting and won- 
dering at such a marvel, that ever suclievil should take place 
Wider the government of Almighty God, when we know that 
te sees it, and wills all good. Then said he : It it. is as thou 
8ayest, then is this more dreadful than any other prodigy, and 
i8 endless wonder : most like to t^is, that in a king's court 
gold and silver vessels should be despised, and men should 
esteem wooden ones. It is not as thou supposest. But if 
thou wilt call to mind all that which we have before said, 
tten, with the help of God, concerning whom we are now 
sneaking, thou wilt be able to understand that the good are 
always powerful^ and the wicked have no power; and that 
^ues are never without^ praise or without reward, nor are 
^ces ever unpunished ; but the good are always happy, and 
the wicked unhappy. I can show thee very many examples 
of this which may encourage thee, so that thou mayest not 
know what thou any longer shouldest lament. But I will 
^pw teach tiee the way which will lead thee to the heavenly 
^ty, whence thou formerly camest, since thou knowesfc 
tittough my instruction what the true happiness is, and 
where it is. But I must first give wings to thy mind, that 

« may the sooner raise itself up, before it begins to fly on 

^^\ in order that it may, sound and untroubled, fly to its J 
^tive country, and leave oiehind it every one of the troubles * — ^ - 

Digitized by VjOOQ iC 


/ f icte him on tnmum hpsebpwne. ^cyiige him on mmne pej. ic 
bio hif lacfiop : . ^ . 

.; epc rmtan t epB6]?Jt lc Wbbe m^ jpipgej'fe|?ena. 'p ic maK 

^lio^an oyen tSone heart hp6f paey hgof onef . Ac Iw&n ic mvL 

mO]t;e))in GDobT^epii[>e)ii^an mib Jm n^ tf tj^p iun. f pa mi^e g; 

y mrb_infi^io^ap. l?onne miht ^n QEenn^T ealle »ar eoribhw 

' fin^.**Ijip )>u mihteft "Sejiion opep J>am pSbope^ 1$oime mihceft 

yi? u ^non |>a polcmi unSen |>e^ ^ mihtefc ^jdio^an opep ]>am 

/^ i^e j>e iT^ Wtimx Mi ^Tt^^opp^ >j »Jie lypte. ^j mikceji: ^ pepaa 

/ 1 mib Jya&ne jTinnan becjryx J)am 5iu;5lum. ^ 'Sonne peop}»n <m 

j2am poQope. -^ r^^&n Co ]>am oealban fcioppan ye ye hatn^ 

/iJ 8acupnef rteapT>lq[ ]^B ir eall^n^ . p jwnfepaj^opep o}>pum ftJeop- 

, /Jf pum upoplTonne ienij ofeptunjol. jiiS^on pu ^onne pop]) opqi 

//fone BifC ahepob. ^onne bijr fu TJupan tSam jpiptsn pobojie, 3 

la&cjr ]>onne Ji£tuXlfcttll4^|>onehehrtanheopon. pitSSan t5u mit 

habban 'Kmne bal t5aep po^an leohcep^»p picpa^? an oyniii^fe 

h»pj> anpealb eaJlpa o)>pa cymnja. TTtf^Jgem^ai) tSonetbpibel. 1 

'9 ^ES^iit^ eallep ymbhpeopptep heopenep/j ' eojijwui. pe an 

i^ bemai]^^ra&]?})ij ■;) beopht. r e rtionl? t>ann1iiiiKbpaMie eafl^ 

^epceapca. Ac jip fu sappe cympt on f one peg ;] Co $a&pe pcepe 

^gJSu nu jeocjojigiCenhMjr. )>onne pile fu cpe)>an. ©ipipmm 

^ pihc ej?el. hionan ic pap »]i cumen. 'i { Lionon ic pap acemwb. 

hep ic pille*nu7ciEbafli pa&pce. helle ic nu na&ppe hionon. lepat 

j^gpenh jip t5e aeppe jepyp)? f )m pile o^emopc epc punbian yi^ 

Lh f;;op5p9' ^iIT® populbe. fonne gephpc tJu nil ]>a i^^ihc^U). 

^ /cynin^a ^ ealle Ja^pgjrmoban pican bion ppij?e umnihcige ^ 

i ^ pp i |?6 eap me p peccan. J?a ilcaaoi ^e ^ eapme ^i^c^nujh^jiboi;; 

onbpaecj • 

JO ' § Tli."^ ©a cpaef ic.® Gala f^ipbom. micel ip^ *) ]nmbofAcf 

}>u gehwcpc. -3 ic,eac nwaSxc ne cpgo»g t$y tJu hic pi»ay"gfe 

^^^ la&pcan. Ac ic fe halpige "^ )?tt me no len:f nej' igBPe.* ac teoac 

me ))one peg. popfsem fu mihc on^iton ^ me IJ7IC Jwp pflOT- 

^_C|2»]^ h e. Du pcealc g Rpgr qggffl^ !>» S®^*"^ hgbbaf pjmle 

^b^f^Ty^^m^^^^^iSj^S^kf^ne n»nsie feggjcjeop- 

i nan ne onjic ^ ce. gob* ^ ^d bio)> pmile^^p^ian. 

^ Boet. lib. iv. jnetmm 1. — Bant etenim pennffi volucres, &c 
™ Boet. lib. iv. prosa 2. — Turn ego, Papse, inquam, &c. 
1 Cott. lab>eop. « Cott. apeaht. » ic, deest in MS. Cott. * Bod. 
l86be. » Cptt. soob. 

Digitized by 



§ II. in. BOETHiirs. — • — -^ 175 

Trhich it now endures. Let it eit in my chariot, and be con- 
ducted in my path ; I will be its guide. 

§ II. 'Wh^tt Wisdoin had ended this speech, then began he 
Again to sing, and said: T have vnry swift winp^^ so that I cai^ 
fly OYer the high roof nf hftftv^n - But I must furnish thy 
mind with wings, that thou mayest fly with me : then mayest 
thou look down upon al])2$}j^.J5J5fcto ^nSmf^ ^L^.^ J'^^^ ^ 

^. ^ de r t h^e, and m^t^MB ^ 9yg ;^the fire which is feetweenthe 
^My ana thejair ; and ™^m^^^^^ *^® sun betweeiiTEe 
Binrs, and then be in the aI^, and afterwards near the cold 
star which we call Saturn's star./* It is all icy. It wanders 
above other stars, higher than any other heavenly body. 
After thou art elevated far above it, then wilt thou be above 
theswiffc sky, and wilt leave behind thee the highest heaven. 
After this thou mayest have thy portion of the true light, 
^ere reigns one king who has power over all othoftkng^ 
He regulates the bridle and the rein of all the c^SBf 
heaven and earth. The only judge is steadfast and ongEt. 
He directs the chariot of all creatures. But if thou ever 
comest into the path, and to the place which thou hast now 
forgotten, then wilt thou si^ : This is my proper country : 
heaee Iformerly came , and hence was I bom : here I wiU 
Sw stancl fast ; 1 wiIT never ^j'o hence ! But, I wot, if it ever 
happen to thee that thou wilt or must again explore the 
darkness of this world, then wilt thou observe unjust kings, 
and all the proud rich, to be very feeble, and very wretched 
exiles^: the same wham this miserable peo^e now most 

% IIL Then said I : O TFisdom, great i« that and won- 
denul which thou dost promise, and I, moreover, doubt not 
that thou canst perform it ! But I beseech thee that thou 
wouldest not any longer hinder me . but teach me the way, 
for thou mayeat pecrceive thatl am desirouB of the way. Thesi 
«^id he: Thou must flrst imdeFstand that the good always 
have power, and^he wicked never "hwe aaj, nor ai^v ability : 
for none of them comprehends that good and evil are always 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


/ ^if ])a ^oban^ Sonne pmle habba]> anpealb.^ ]7onne nabbap jia 
ypelan naeppe naenne. popj^am^ f job anb -p ypel pnc ppife un- 
ram|7pa& be. Ac ic 5e polbe jet^ be 8es]>pum 6apa hpa&t: hpe^a^ 
rpeocolop' jepeccan. f "8u ma&je fy bee jelypan* "8e ic fe ofpe 

J^hpile pecce be fam'^ o]7pum. oppe hpile be ^am® oSpum. !)» 
tSinT; pnSni^ jy^^l^ft j* mo ^ngp yn^ejiajin^ CopmbaJ)>j_ :^ If bonne 
mlla J anpealb .^Q jif tJonne hpaem fapa tpeja lipa&fepej-^^ paoa 
DiJ>. t)onne ne ms&j he mibfam^^ ofpum nan puhc jipemman.^^ 
popfam^* nan nyle onjinnan -p -f he nele.^^ buton he nebe'^ 

Id pcyle. 3 f eah he eaU pille. he ne m»j. jip he f a&p fm^ep an- 
pealb^'^ na&pf. be })aBm j)u mihc^® ppeotole onjitan. jip f u »mne^^ 

/2mon jefibpc pillnian^^ J?aep J>e he^aepj. -p fam bif anpealb 
pana.21 Da cpaj? ic. D»t ip poj?. ne m»T ic }»«p o}>pacan. Ds 
cpaej) he. dp J>u ponne hpe&ne^^ jepihpt*^ f e masj bon -f -f he 

/5 bon pile, ne fe Sonne naiiht ne tpeof f pe ha&bbe anpealb. ©a 

/jcpad^ ic. Ne tpeojrme jzasp nauht. t)a cpaef he. .^Elcjaonhj> 
pealbenbj)aBp 5e_h4p^- ^^fp he jaanne. anpealb pSp peTie nf 

/rpdc Da cpaef ic. Da&piceomjefapa. Dacpa&]>he. PpaBj)epfu 
nu jet** ma&je jemunan f ic f e sep pehte.^* f pap -p ce »lcer 
jlO monnep mjefanc pilnaj> co paepe po|>an jepselfe to cumenne.^ 
Seah he unjehce hiopa eapnije.^^ Da cp»p ic. D»t ic jeman. 
jenoj ppeotole me ip f jep»b. Da cpaef he. Demunpt )m f ic 
J)e aep28 ys&be f hit paepe eall an job*® "} jepaelfa. re pe jepafrl)« 
pecS. he pecj? job.'^ Da cpsep ic. Ic ha&bbe ^ tenoyjpepte onie - 
^ /mynbe^ Da cpaej? he. €alle men je jobe'^ je ypele pilmap co 
cumanne to jobe.^* peah hi hip miptlice^* pilhiijen.** Da cpaf 

;; 'ic. Daet ip pop f pu pejpt. Da cpaep he. Eenoj jpeotol $Jj:f 

te pop py pint jobe men jobe.®* he ni job^^jemetap. Da cp«p 

ic. Eenoj open hit ip. Da cpaep he. Da joban®^ bejitap f 

JO 5^^'* f ^1 piUniap. Da cp»p ic. %ame^in^ Da cpa&p he. Da 

1 Cott. Sooban. « Cott. anpalb. • Cott pop>»m. * Cott. Siet. 
» Cott. hpusu, • Cott. SelcFan. f Cott Jjeem. » Cott. JjKin. » Cott 
mSe>onc. " Cott anpalb. " Cott hp»«per. " Cott >»m. 

" Cott pullppemman. " Cott popy»»m. " Cott. nyle. »« Bod. ne. 
" Cott anpalb. " Cott meaht. »» Cott wnigne. " ^ Cott pilrnan. 
«» Cott an palbep pana. «2 Cott hpone. *» Bod. Sephc. " Cott 
Siet. 26 Cott peahte. « Cott cumanne. ^ Cott eapmen. 

«8 a>p, deest in MS. Cott . «» Cott Soob. » Cott Soob. » Cott 
Soob. "Cott soob. Mfcottmiphce. »* Cott pilnien. « Cott. 
Soobe. J^Bod. sobe. " Cott sooban. * Cott Soob. 

Digitized by VjOOQ iC 


enemies. If, therefore, the good always have power, then the 
wicked never have anv, because good and evil are very incon- 
gruous. But I would inform thee somewhat more distinctly 
concerning each of them, that thou ma^est the better believe 
what I sh^ sometimes tell thee concerning the one, and some- 
times concerning the other. There aretwothmgs which every 
man's intention requires, that is, will and power . If, there- 
fore, there is to any man a deficiency of either of the two, he 
cannot with the other effect anything. For no one will un- 
dertake what he is unwilling to do, unless he needs must : and 
though he fully wills he cannot perform it, if he has not power 
of that thing. Hence thou mayest clearly know, when thou 
seest any man desirous of that which he has not, that to him 
power is wanting. Then said I : That is true : I cannot deny 
it. Then said he : But if thou seest any one who can do what 
he desires to do, then there is no doubt to thee that he has 
power. Then said I : I have no doubt of it. Theii said he : 
Every manjs powerful so far as he eiercises pow er; he has 
no power when he does nor exercise power. Then said I : 
Of that I am convinced. Then said he : Canst thou now call 
to mind what I before told thee, that is, that the mind of every 
nmn desires to arrive at the true happiness, though they pursue 
it differently ? Then said I : That I remember ; it is clearly 
enough proved to me. Then said he : Dost thou remember 
that I before said to thee, that it was all one, good and happi- 
ness? He who seeks happiness seeks good. Then said I : 
I have it sufficiently fixed in mi/ memory. Then said he : All 
nien, both good and evil, desire to come to good, though they 
desh:e it variously. Then said I : That is true which thou 
sayest. Then said he : It is sufficiently evident that good 
nien are good because they find good. Then said I : It is 
evident enough. Then said he : The good obtain the good 
^hich they desire. Then said I : So methinks. Then said 
ko: The wicked would not be wicked if they found the good 

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178 BOfiZfiins* CHAP. XXXVI. 

/ ypelan nepoa mJ yfeL^^.^if bi ^emetan f job* f hi piliua]>. ac 
pop py hi fint.ypela ]>6^ hi hiC ne ^emet^.^ '^ po^ ]>y hi hic ae 
^meca]>.^ tSe hi hic on pihc ne feca^. Da.cpaB)> ic. Spa hit; if 
J) fpa-iJtr fegt;. Da opseji he. Fop]>»ni hic if nan tpeo -p ^ 
^ Xoban^ bioj? fimletpalbenbe. 3. ]»a ypelan luDbba]} nasnne anpealb.*^ 
pop py fta ^oban"* 'p ^ob on pihc feca^ n tSa ypdan on poh. Da 
cpa&^ ic. 8e "pe yfinp f ]iif fo}i ne pe.^ tSonne ne ^lep]>^o hft 
nanep fo]Mf;r* 

%§ IV.*^ Da cp»]> he. pp»]iep. penft pu nu. ^ t yxen moa 
abiab to anpe iropa. .^ habbaptenm'-miceme pilian t;o xm 
menne..^ o)»ep hm^p hif pot:a.anpealb f he mn^.^an p»ji he 
pjle^^^fpa fpa eallain monnumj ^ecynbe pane f hi mihson.^ 

opeyr^naa p}) hif pota^ ' ^fpanlK ^ he maft^e ^^an. ;] piln^i peah 
Co ranenne.^^ t onanl>Topfpaii^ ^ onJSone ilcan pe^ hpagpep 

Nif "p jelic; 


/5^5ajia tfe^a^^ pinc}> pe mihta^a.^* Da cpa&p ic. , ^ ^ 

p hip mitiayjyR fe ge xfel>. jfonne re petcp^ p.^^ pp- 
piam^^ he mse^ cuman ep pibejr^ ^e he pile tSonne p e opep« 
fege^^ ellef |i %u pilku f pat »lc man.^^ Da cp»]> he. 8^ 
gehce?* beo)r* )?aizi. gobum** ;] tJam**. ypelum. »S]>»p hiopa** 

j^ pilnap pop ^ecjrnbe pet he cume to pam hehftan jobe. Ac pe 
^oba TasB% comaoi pfbefi he pihiap. poppam he hip on piht 
pdnap. *;) je ypsla. ne m»s cuman to puu^^ p|e he pilnap. pop- 
pam he hit on poh^^ yecip. Ic nat peah. pe ellef hpat t$ince. Da 
cpseip ic Ne ]»ncp me nauht opp^ op ];inum ppellum.. Da. cpaep 

ZfhA. Eenoj pyhte pu hit on^^itfC. 3 f if eac tacn tSinpe ha&le.^ 
fpa fpa Isftca jepuna if ^ he cpel?alit jopflie hio reocne^^ mon xe^ 

' 7 jisft* 2SJi ^ hpelc*^ unpft^c^ ^ ta(m mm on ifs^eop^me finc^ 
' nu. jj Jnn S^cjnb 3 ^ngepunaTj^ce fpijie fpi^hce pip t$aan 
byn^e:- ' ' 

Jd § V-^ Ic habbe nu on^lten f t$u eapt. ^eapo^ to on^tanne 

ti mine lape.^ F<H^ ^^ ]# polbe ^e^aab^ii^ mani^ fpell 3 

° Boet lib. iv. proaa 2. — ^Runus inquit: Si duo sint, &c. , , 
® Boet. lib. iv. prosa 2. — Sed quoniam te ad inteHigendum, &c. 
»»Cott;iio. "Oottgoob. »Bod. j). <06tt. meta^. * Cott. 
metaV. • Cott sooban. f Cott. anpalb. « Cott. gooban. » Cott. 
8e pe ne pen« j> pif fo* pe. >® Cott SdypiJ. " p»p he pde, desunt 
in MS. Bod. " Cott meahten. " Cott pepanne. »* Cott Tcneopan. 
" Cott tpega. " Cott mehtigpa. " Cott cpiep^. " Cott pop|>8em. 
>» Cott y»ybep. «» Cott pasa. «» Cott men. «« Cott ilce. « Cott 
bi«. «« Cott soobum. «» Cott pwrn. « Cott heopa. » Cott 
|»»m. «• Cott peg. » Cott h»lo. •« Cott he pocnew « Cott 
hi hpilc. « Cott ansep»shc » Cott mina lapa. 

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% IV. T. BOBTHIUa*. 179 

\rhidi tfae^ deedre;; but they are wicked because ibey do not 
fioj^ it^ and thej do not find it beeause they do not seek it 
lighily. Thea^ wd I^ So it is as thou sayest. Then isaid. 
bft: Therafoire them- is no doubt tbat the good are always 
powerful^ asid tiier wieked have no power, because the good, 
aeek good rrgbtlyy and the wicked wrongly. Then said I: 
Bmwho tbifiJEAk tbair this, is not true^.then beliayes he no 

§iIY. Then said he: Whether dost thou think P. if two men 
am going; to one plaee, and have e<]ually grea^ desire. to arrive -' 
thne, and one baftthausaof his feetj so.that.hemay go whera 
BeewilJ, aft it wera natural to all m«n that they could ; aud the 
oiiffir has: not the use of his feet that he can go, and yet is 
desirous to go, and begins to creep the. same way, whether o£ 
die two doBti tb0u think, the moire powerful P Then said I : 
There is no eompmson. He is more powerful who goes than 
Ke who- eeeeps, beeause he can. more easily come whither he ^. 
^ than the other. Say what, else thou wilt, every man 
blows tiiat. Then said he : In like manner it is with the. 
good and with tiie wicked. Each of them desires naturally 
^t he may eDme to the kighe^ good. But the good is able 
to coma wbitber ha deeii^es^ because, he desires it rightly, and 
the wicked oannat^eom^ to that wbich he desires, because he 
"Bckfl it wrongly* I know not but thou mayest think dif? 
ferently. Then said I : I do not think at all differently from 
what l^ia saiy^L Then said. he: Very rightly thou under- 
B^dest it^ sod that iB^also a token, of thy health; as. it is 
^ eastern ofphypeiaii* to say,, when theTBea a^fflck man, if 
^% perceive in him any healthy tokez^ Methinka now that 
% nature, and thy habit contends. 1^7 poinseifully against 

§: y» I have naw found that thou art prompt to understand 
^y doctrme.: therefove I am desiroua to coUectfor thee many 


Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


/ mane^a bipa. be J^am f iSn mihteft^ p^ €6 onjitan hpa&t ic 
fecjan pille. On^it nu hu i^rnnihci^. ^a ypelan men beo]>.* 
nu hi ne mason cu^an ]7ibep. "^ibep tSa un^epitti^jan xerceapta 

— / pilniali^ CO to ^ cumenne. ^ "^ hu micle unmihte^an^ hi pa&pon. 

/ ^jip hi hi J nan jecynbe nsepbon.* behealb nu mib hu bep^e 
pacentanTbyf ijep -} unjepsBlf a hi pnt jebunbene. ppaBt ^a cyib. 
)>onne hi pup]mm jan ma^on. "^ eac 9a ealban ceomar . oa hpile 

fe hi jan majon. pilnia)? rumer peopffcipep "^ pumpe m8ep)>e. 

nan puht 

Da cilb pibal? on heo pa rvapiiy\. t manixpealbne plexan pl^ia)>. 
/O tSaep hi onh^ia)>^ ealbum monnum. "] ?5a byre^an ni 
nylla)? on^innan. t$8Bf ]>e hi^ him ap]>ep mse^enT]^ 

IC lopep o95e leana. ac bof "f^ypre if- ipnaj? hiben 

yn be unbep f am hpope eallpa ^epceapta. ^ -p ce }>a un^epitte- 

jian^ jepceapta piton. ■)) n^on fa bypejan men. popjry pmt ^ 

/i icnaeptac. betpan 9onne tSa unfeapap. popfam 9e 8&lc mon pc^ 

/(: biomgef apa. pam he pile pam lie nylle. ^ pe p^Bmpalbegop:^^ 

be msss becuman co ]>am hehptan hpope eallpa ^epceapta. f ip 

/T fcob. t$am ni p nan puht bupan. ne nan imht|l)en\rl>an.. ne 

^mbutan. ac ealle "Sm^ pnt bmnan him on hip anpealbe. fe 

^Tjob ip ppife to lupienne. pu ne cpaebe }m ap ^ pe psepean 

'j'jjI^gjnihcijojT pe f e mihte j^an. "8eah he polbe. of f ippe eopfan 

enbe. ppa paBt te nan bael tSippe eopfan opep f n»pe. f ilce fu 

miht ^efencan be Eobe. ppa ppa pe s&p cpsbon. f pe bif mihti- 

jopt. f e to him cumon msBj. popfam he no hpibep opep f 

JJ' cumon ne ms&j * • 

'§ YI.P Be eaJlum fipum pacum fu miht on^itan f |7a ^^oban 

biof pimle mihti^e. "} ypelan biof »lcep mas^enep "^ selcef 

cpseptep J^^ija^jie. hpj^ penpt fu 9onne f hi popl»tan tSa cp»ptef 

^ poljian 9am unfeapum. Ic pene 9eah f f u piUe pec^an f hit 

JC pe pop byp^e f hi ^i ne fiiinnnnTtppfinitpRTi. Ac hpa&t pejpt tJu 

tSonne f pie pop cupjie. 9onne po unjepceabpipnep^ hpi jefap^^ 

hi f hi biotJ bypje. hgy^ iiylla9 hi ppj^iijan a&ptep cp»ftum 3 

/'' aptep pipbome. Ic pat feah f pponj^opnep hi oppit "} hi mib 

riaepfe opcpcymf . ^ X'^T'^S ^^ ablent. pit cpabon 9eah ap f 

J»^ nan puht nape pyppe f onne unjepceabppnep, Ac hpat pillaf 

J^pe nu^* cpefan. jip 9a jepceabpipan habbaf unfeapap -} nillaf 

P Boet. lib. iv. prosa 2. — Ex quo fit, quod huic objacet, &c. s, 
1 Cott meahte. < Cott. bio9. > Bod. pilha9, * Cott cumanne. 
» Bod. unsemihtpan. « Cott. nwpben. M^otthypia*. • Bod. et 
Cott. hie. »Cott. hibpepj>ibjier. w Cott. Sepcnsan. "Bod. 

anpealbe hesopt. « Cott pc nu pc 

Digitized by VjOOQ iC 


arguments and many examples, so that thou mayest the more 
easily understand what I am about to say. Observe now, how 
feeble wicked men are, when they cannot come thither where 
even irrational creatures are desirous to come ; and how much 
more feeble they would be if they had no natural inclination 
to it. Behold with how heavy a chain of folly and"unhappi- 
ness they are bound ! Even children, when they can just go, 
and also old men, a s long as they can go, are desirous of some 
honour and some praise. Children ride on their sticks, and 
play at various sorts of plajr, wherein they imitate old men. 
But the unwise are not willing to attempt anything from 
which they may expect to themselves praise or rewards. But 
i\ey do what is worse ; tliey run erring hither and thither 
under the roof of all things ; and that which irrational crea- 
tures know, unwise men do not know. Therefore |ihe virtufia 
are better than the vices. Por every man must be convipced, 
whether he will, or whether he will not, that he is the most 
powerful who is able to arrive at the highest roof of all things, 
that is Q-od ; whOB Lliothing is above» nor anything beneath^ 
nop about, but all things are in him, in his power. G-od is 
greatly to be loved. Didst thou not before say, that he was 
.niost powerful in walking who could go, if he would, to the 
end or this earth, so that no part of this earth were beyond 
it ? The same thou mayest conceive with regard to Q-od, as 
we before said, that he is most powerful who can come to him, 
because he nowhere beyond that can come ! 

§ VI. From all these arguments thou mayest understand 
that the good are always powerful, and the wicked ar e desM- 
tlije of aU power and all ability. Why, then, dost thou think 
they forsake virtues and follow vices ? But I suppose thou 
^ilt say, that it is through ignorance that they are not able 
to distinguish them. But what wilt thou then say is worse 
than this want of reason ? "Why do they allow themselves to 
ne ignorant ? Why will they not inquire after virtues and 
^r wisdom ? But I know that drowsiness oppresses them, 
and overcomes them with sloth, and covetousness blinds tliem. 
We have before said, that nothing was worse than ignorance, 
fiut what shall we now say, if the intelligent have vices, and 

Digitized by VjOOQ iC 

182 sozmmia. chap, xxxtl 

/ rP]^ai^^ mpoefi ^ifbome "3 wpxji rejumfcwsL Ic pat tSeah '^ Jgt 
pilt cpetmn ^ yrnonner I^MXPneticwrtner hi omtage . Ac hpst 
If tSonne unftjieD^e' $c»me pe man )?£ biot^ to un^aBetQiee 
o]pepfpi)»eb mib )«in^ tebpan fbsfce. buisoii he ejt; 'gejfioe 3 
5innne ]n)» Jml mij^espsf fp^ he rpi)>o]i: mes^e. Ac hfteac pdc & 
ponne cpejian. pp hpa puht ntlte pi}> wnnm. ac mtb puDan^ 
pillan poplnt kIc job 'j pilssD]) fam ypele. ^ bif tfeah jep oeab- 
pipe. Ic pecje fie unmihci^; '3 eac ealkf nauht. joppwrn ppa hpt 

j^ ppa ^$one jemflBnan' job eaHpa joba p opliel:. ^uton rp eome bi} 
10 fe nauht. Ac fpa hpa fpa p]hia)> ^ he^gisBa^pe. :he piHna]? f • 
he pif fie.® fpa hpa ypa ]>oiine ' feiwftix bi)). he bi)> pif . "5 fe tfe 
pif bif . he bip '^.'^ fe f e %otm& job t)i]>. i-e bij? jepselij. ^ fe 
Ce jef»Lj bip. f e bif eabij. n f e )» eabij brj). je bi^ lici).* be 
)iam^ b»le ^ pe ttp pehkjon^^ on ]nfpe ilcan bee. Ac le pene nn 

/^hponne ^ bj^ijemen pillon pumbpion p»f )>e ic sbji f»be. ^ paf 
f te ^eie men nspon^ nauhcaf. fopjwmjiejyapa if ma iSoime 

/ ^ )nipa o)>pa. Ac tSeah hi hif nu nssppe ne jelefaxL ]>eah it if fg . 

/ *:• ne majon pe n»pp« jepi^can pone ^km mon clsenne "j un- 
t^ealbne. }>e^^ ma pe jej^^ais^on hapm otH^e faabban beg^e 

i,0 mon poj i jcpiicene. ne bi^ fe |cpuca tkmne"iciyttpa )»e fe bea^ 
jip him hif ypel ne hpcop)>. Ac fe ))e ^nggpff^**^ hopap. 3 H 
jecynb nyle healban. ne bip f e nauht : • 

§ VII.^ Ic pene t^eaih ^ fu pifle cpef^an f hit ne f le eaBcf 
fpa jdic. ^ fe ypela ms&je bon ^rel t$eah he job ne nueje. ;) ]£. 

^Jfbeaba ne m»je nau}»e{i ban. ac tc i$e pecje )>»c jej^pe^' 

^apa yplena ne cym}> opnanum qiSBfte. ac op mipeapam. ac jq: 

pa yp<dah f^&ile jobe^^ psapon.^^ t$anne ne b;^boii hi nan ypel. 

i ne bij?^* ^ nane mihta ^ mon mseje ypd bon. ac^^ beop nn- 

mihta. j^ f fop if ^ peep jepypnTiehtan^® ^ ^ ypel.nanht ne 

J0 fie. ponne ne pypcp f e nauht. pe i$e ypel fjiti^'p^ Oa cpasfp ic. 
Iienoj fop f if -p pu fejft.^® l>a cpaftf he. pu ne pehton*® pe 
»p ^ nan puht ntsspemihtijpaCemie^ hehfte job.^^ Da fs^ 

S3 ic. 6pa hit If fpa ^ r^ST^*^ ^^ cp^l' ^- ^^ ^ l'®^ ^^^ ^^'^^ 

4 Boet lib. iy. proaa^.— Sed poaannt, inqnies, mii^, && 

* Bod. fpTPiSan. * Cott. unftpengpi. » OotUbi^. * Cott 

J>»m. » Cott. puDe. « Bod. pifpse. ^ Cott. Joob. • Bod. gob. 

• Cott. )>»m. *o Cott. peahcon. * " Cott. ns&pen, »^Cott ]>on. 

>' Cott. anpalb. *^.Oott. goobe. "Cott.p»pen. i««. 

" Bod. •). »» Cott peahton. >» Cott. feftSfC, «> Cott. peahcon. 

«» Cott. soo^- ** Cott. r»Sft. 

Digitized by 



will not inquire after wisdom and after virtaeef I know, 
however, tbat thou wilt say that luxury and intemperance 
oppress them. But what is weaker than the man who is 
utterly overcome by the frail flesh, unless he afterwards de- 
sist, and contend against vices as he best may ? But what 
wilt thou say if any creature will not contend against ihem^ 
but with full win forsakes all good, and does evil, and is 
nevertheless intelligent ? I «ay that he is feeble, and more- 
over altogether nothing 1 For whosoever forsakes the uni- 
versal good of all goods, without doubt he is nothing. Bijt 
whosoever d:esires that he may be virtuous, desires that he 
may he wise." "Whosoever, then, is virtuous is wise: and he 
who is wise is good ; he then who is good is happy ; and he 
who is happy is blessed; and he who is blessed is a. god, so 
fc as we have before mentioned in this same book. But I 
wther think that foolish men will wonder at that which I 
bare just now said, that is, that wicked men were nothing ; 
hecause there is a greater number of them than of the others. 
•But though they never believe it, yet it is so. We can never 
reckon the wicked man pure and sincere, any more than we 
^ call or esteem- a dead man living. Nor indeed is the 
living better than the dead, if he repent not of his evil. But 
^ who lives recklessly, and will not preserve his nature, ia 
aofc he nothing ? 

§ VII. I think, however, thou wilt say that this is not 
together so likely, because the wicked can do evil, though 
he cannot do good, and the dead can do neither. But I say 
to thee that the power of the wicked does not come from any 
virtues, but from vices. But if the evil were always good, 
then would they do no evil. It is not from power that any 
one is able to do evil, but it is from weakness. If that is true 
J^hich one some time ago asserted, that evil is nothing, then 
he works nothing who works evil. Then said I : Very true is 
that which thou say est. Then said he : Did we not prove be- 
*^ that nothing was more powerful than the highest good ? 
Xhen said I : So it is as thou sayest. Then said he : "^t it 

Digitized by 



/ nan ypel bon. Da qw&J) ic. Daec jf j*ol). Da cpa&f he. Pp»]>ep 
aeni^ mon pene ^ S&ni^ mon pe fpa minti; f he ma&^e bon eall 
f ])»t he pille. Da cp8&]> ic. Ne pen)? ^as)* nan mon i$e hif ^epic 
hsepp. Da cp»f he. Ppa&c ^ele men^magqnge^bjf d. bon. 
/Da cpe&p ic. 6ala -p^ hi ne mintOIir'Sa cpsep"Her TitTrjy eotol 
■p hi majon bon ypel. •] ne ma^on nan job. f if pppainlliic^ 
^el nif nauht. ac jba joban.^ jip hi pubie anpealb habba]). hi 
majon bon to j^obe^ -p jJ hi pilla]?. popf J »r F® P^^ anpealb* co 
tellanne to fam* hehptum jobum.® poppam^ »jpep je pe an- 

/<9 pealb.® je pit oJ»pu job.^ anb pfk cjiBBjiar. J?e pe lonje a&p 
nembon. pmbon pa&fte on pam hehmui jobe.^® ppa ppa sBlce; 
hurgr pah bif p®!^ »3fcp te on g^n^^e. je on paem hpope. 
ppa bif 8&lc job^^ on Eobe pa&jt:. popp»m he ip »lcep jobej 
aegpep je hpop jeli^op. f Py ip a to pilaianne ]?aBr anpealber. -^ 
//mon ms&je job^* bon. poppam "p ip pe betpta anpealb.^^ -p mon 
</ maeje ;] piUe pell^* bon. ppa laejjan ppebum ppa mapan. jpa&pep 
he ha&bbe. popfamppahpappapillap^* S^^^^ ^^ bonne, he pillna]^ 
job^^ to habbenne." "^ mib %obe to bionne. pop fip^^ ip je 
Platonep cpibe jenoj poj). t$e he cpsBp. Da pipan ane majon bon 

;^ff to jobe^^ f hi pibiiap.2^ Ca ypelan majon onjmnon f hi glm^ 
Ic nat nu peah t$u piUe cpefan -p tJa joban onjmnon hpiEunf 
hi ne majon popjybpinjan. Ac ic cpef e. f ^3 hi hit bpinjap pimle 
popp. pesii hi f peopc ne ms&jen pulppemman. hi habbap tSeah 
pulne pillan. "^j pe untpeop ealba pilla biof^' to tellenne^* pop 

^/pullppemob peopc. popfetir^Tre naeppe ne poplypt tSam leanum 
ot$^e hep. o^^e fveji, ot^tSe ve'^fe&ji. peah piUa]^ ^a ypelan pypcan 
•p f hi 1^. tSeah hit nu ne pie^^ nyt. ne popleopaJ> hi eac pone 
pillan. ac habba)> hip pite. oppe hep. otS^e ellep hpsep. o^e 
aejpep. pe ypla pilla^'^ to ponne hiopa pelt, poppy hi ne majon 

JO bejitan f ^ob^^ f hi pillnia)>.^® pop tf hi hit tjujih^^ gone pillan 
pecaf . nalep fuph pihtne pej.^^ 8e ypela ^^ ^dla, n»pj? ns&nne je-- 
peppcipe pif fa jepselpa. Da pe f^ij-bom fa tJip ppell apeht haepbe. 

SS ga onjan he ept pmjan anb t$up cpsBf. 

> Bod. l»ap. Cott. >Kp. « Coii, gooban. » Cott. goobe. * Cott. 
anpalb. » Cott. >86m. « Cott. soobum. » Cott. pop)>»in. « Cott 
anpalb. » Cott Soob. w Cott. goobe. " Cott goob. » Cott. 
Soob. " Cott. anpalb. " Cott pel. »* Cott. pilnaiJ. »« Cott soo^- 
"Cott. soob. »8 Cott. habbanne. i» Cott. pop>y. «« Cott soobc. 
M Cott pilla«. « Bod. l»eah. « Cott bi«. 94 Cott. ciellanne. 

*» Cott pop|>8em. « Cott hit nyt ne pe. «' Bod. pilla ypel. ^ Cott 
Soob. » Cott. pilnia«. »Cott)>ups. « Bod. nallap )>uphcne 
pes. « Cott ypla. »» Cott apeahc 

Digitized by 



cannot do any evil. Then said I: That is true. Then said 
he : Does any one think that any man can be so powerful 
that he is able to do all that he wills ? Then said I : No man 
thinks it who has his senses. Then said he : But wicked men, 
nevertheless, can do evil. Then said I : O that they were not 
able ! Then said he : It is evident that they can do evil, and 
cannot do any good. That is because evil is nothing. But 
the good, if they have full power, are? able to do whatsoever 
good they wiD. Therefore full power is to be reckoned among 
the highest goods ; for both power and the other goods and 
exoellences, which we long ago mentioned, are fixed in the 
highest good. As the wall of every house is fixed both to the 
floor and to the roof, so is every good fixed in God, for he is 
both the roof and floor of every good.) Therefore is the power 
that man may do good, ever to be desired ; for that is the be^ 
power, that any one is able and willing to do well, whether 
with less means or with greater, whichsoever he may have. 
For whosoever wills to do good, is desirous to have good, and 
to be with good. Therefore is Plato's saying very true, which 
^^ said : The wise alone can do the good which they desire ; 
the wicked can only attempt what they desire. I know not, 
however, but thou wilt say that the good sometimes begin 
what they cannot accomplish. But 1 say that they always 
accomplish it. Though they may not perfect the work, they 
have nevertheless full will, and the sincere will is to be 
reckoned for the perfect work. Therefore they never fail of 
rewards either here or there, or both. If the wicked have 
will to work what they list, though it is not now perfect, they 
lose not also the will, but have its punishment either here or 
elsewhere, or both. Sb greatly does the evil will control 
them ! For this reason they cannot obtain the good which 
they desire, because they seek it through this will, cmd not 
through the right way. The evil will has no fellowship with 
happiness. When Wisdom had finished this speech, then 
began he again to sing, and thus said : 

Digitized by VjOOQ iC 

186 BaETHixrs. chap, xxxth. 

CAPUT xxxvn/ 

/ § f^ jep6R nu aiij;peUbe )>am ojej^ms^bjHja ^ fam unpiht- 

ppun cypii^um. )>a pe ^ejiop f ittan on ]mm hehftan heahfec- 

lum. )>a7CiDa]> on mane^pa cynna bpa&^um. *] bio)> ubon 

L ymhrtanb &abe mib midon ^e^efifcipe hiopa ^egna. 3 f^ln^ 

/mibl petlum . 3 mib ^benum h^ jjeojibum. *] mib b£uq^- 

pealbmn^ b^egeat»M n aehThiT^. *] ])peata£^ ^all moncymKiub 

^ nrf^ftnj^. l?e ma ^ yebenbe him b , ac biotS fjnfe ungejyaagJMg 

- t upffia^en on hir'fcooe |:ofi|?Mii'unxemetlyan anpeatoe. Ac2 

' /(? him "mon^ enne apmt op t>atdia|>ar . 3 himtomh^ ]»Tia ^^e^aa» 

T {>«f anpealbef . gonne mSnt ^yg xereon y be biol> n»}>qifl^ 

/ . yaejpSL bif J'e^na pimum tfe him "Sap jieniaj). DUton be pop^w'jC 

.^Anb jip him nu^eaj xebSrfiel? ^ bim pvTi> pime bpile ]^ 

'w {^enrnigajl gp'tobgn. *;) ^palfclalya. "^ jMepanpealbcf. ^oime pm^ 

/^bim f he ne omdancenne xebpobt. otStSe on pacentom. fopjiua 

op l?ai rfunmet^. "j )>am maggttmeEfican ^^epelaai. op )«kin jyex>- 

mectnim. 3 0): mipshcanyfepyncum Jyqef h]ief . OBfra&cnt^ po 

pobe >nax I w&ne yn«nneiTe. t xe5n8t1> biopa Xob fpi]»e ppijiljce. 

{ ►onne Tyeaxal? eac te^opepmetta t unxetnwtinef . •] j^nne h 

2^ peop)>a^ ^ebol^en. ^onne pyp]) '^ GOobtbefjnm^n imb ^asn p^me 

}7»pe ba^teoptneppe. oppa&t hi peop]>a}> ^^aepte mib }i»pe im- 

nSS^IP^* 1 FF^ seh»pte. 8i^^an ^ ^onne ^Son ba]i. ^sne 

-" on^mj) bim leo^an pe tobopa )»»pe ppsecje. ;] ppa bpeop ppa b^ 

\ipfun^ piUap. t$onne Jebec bmi }>»f bip peccel^. Ic jxe ptebe 

i^^^Fypn s&p on yv[xe ilcan bee. '^ eaile jepceafCa piUnobcm jmoss^ 

^obq*. pop ^ecynbe. ac ISa unnibt piriHl cy^jap ne ma^on naa 

^ob bon. pop |win ic |?e hsl p»be. nip ^ nan pumbup. pop]iam bi 

hi nnbep]Mobaj> eaUum pam xmpeapum pe ic ^e mft nembe. joSL 

t^ OTine nefae to papahbqx^a borne pe be bme »p nnbeppeobbe. 

$0 "3 ^ ce pyppe ip. "p lie him nyle pupptmi . pt>yinjian« )>»p he bic 

an^innan polbe. ^ tSonne on pamj^epinne j^upkpuman mibce. 

ponne na&pbe he hip nane pcylbe : • ' 

§ II.* Da pe f^ipbom t5a ]>ipleo]>apun2en ba&pbe. pa on^an be 
3L ^i* rpjl^y 1 V^T q>aBj>. Irepibpt t5u nu on hu micliun. ;j on bu 

» Boet lib. iv. metrum 2.— Quos vides scdere celso, &c 

■ Boet. lib. iv. prosa 3, — Videsne igitur, quanto in c«no, &c 

Digitized by VjOOQLj^ 

§ I. n. BOETHirs. 187 


§ I. HniLB nowA discourse concerning proud and unjust 
kiiigs, whom we see sitting on the highest thrones; who 
ihine in clothes of many kinds, and^e surrounded by a 
great company of their thanesr wii5'"^ ^^onie4 witb^belts 
and golden-huted swordsTaod w ithmanifold weaponj^ f and 
terrify all mankind with their greatnesff. Ana ne who governs 
them regards neither friend aor foe, kn y more than a m^ ^ 
hound ; but is inconceivably lifted up in his mind, through 
Biibounded power. But if any man should strip off from 
bim the clothes, and deprive him of the Tetinue and the 
power, then wouldest thou see that he is very like to any one 
of those his thanes who serve him, unless he be worse. And 
moreover, if it by chance happen unto him that he at any time 
is deprived of the retinue, and o f the clothe s, and of the power, 
then it seems to him that he is brought to prison or to chains, 
^cause from excess, and from immoderate clothing, and from 
dainty food, and from various drinks of the cup, the fury of 
lust is excited, and disquiets their minds very greatly : then 
increases also arrogance and wickedness ; and when they are 
offended, then, is the mind scourged with the heat of anger, 
^til they are distracted with unhappiness, and so enslaved ! 
-^er this takes place, the hope of revenge begins to deceive 
%m, and whatsoever his anger wills his recklessness pro- 
loiaes him. I said ;to thee long before, in this same book, 
that all creatures were naturally desirous of some good : but 
iffijust kings can do no good, for the reason I have now given 
^ee. That is no wimder, for they subject themselves to all 
tiie vices which I -have already named to thee. JEvery one of 
'^^i therefore, aeeossarily miist submit to tiie judgment of 
'the lords, to wliom he has already subjected himself; and 
^hat is still worse,: that lie will not even strive against them. 
^ he were willing to attempt it, and then were fl.ble to per- 
«»were inijbe-contest, then wo^d he be freedom his guilt. 

§ II, Ifbcn Wisdom had sung this lay, then began he 
^in to speak, and thus said : Seeat thou in how great, and 

Digitized by 



/biopum. -j on hu ^fOji-T^nm honaj-eabe^ }>apa un)>eapa fa yfd- 
pillenban fCiciaf. "^ hu t5a jobannfcmaf beophtop )>onne pinnc. 
popf am® fa joban* na&jrpe ne beof bebaelbe fapa ebleana hiopa 
jobep^ ne )>a ypelanna&jrpe papa pita 9e hi jeeapniaf. jiEIc finj 

JT f e on tJifj'e populbe ^ebon bif . ha&p)> eblean. pypce hpa -^ -p he 

/ pj^pce. o'86e bo J -p he bo. a he^ haej:^ 'g ^ heTeapna]?. ^ Nij* f 
eac nauht unpeht^ fpa ppa jio Romana feap pa&P'® T 5^^ ^r ^'^ 
mane^um tJeobum.^^ ' ^ mon hehf agnne hea robbeah>^ xyfeenne 
set fumefja&pnepege^^ n, ^ ^. f a&pf |K)nne mrcel tolc zo, i ipna])^* 

/^ "Sm^ eftbetner.^* ^a^e hiopaTs&pninxe'j'tnepab. ^ f pa hpilc fpa 
»n6rt _^ "Sam b^e cymf . f onne mot re nine habban him. aelc 
pihiaf f ke f cyle sepeft to cuman -^ hine habban. ac anum he 
tSeah jebypaf .^* fpa bef call moncjun. on Jryj anbpeapban hp 
ipnaf. anb onetra ^, anb pillnia^ eallej*^* f »r hehftan j^obef.^* 

//ac hit If nanum^'^ men jetiohhpb. ac if eallum monnum. pop- 
)>»m if selcum f eapp ^ he hijie eallan*® maBjne'® aptep f«pe 
mebe. ]>»pe mebe ne pypf na&ppe nan job^® man beb»leb. ne 
m»^ hme mon no mib pihte hatan f e ^ooba. ^ip he bif ffBf 
hehftan joobef beb»leb.^^ popfa&m nan job^^ J>eop lie bif 
j^O buton jobum** ebleanum. bon ?ia ypelan ^ ■]) hi bon. pymle bip 
re beah^* xobep^ ^ ebleanef f am jobum^* jehealben on ecnefpe. 
ne mae^ f apa ypelena ypel f am joban*^ beniman heopa joobef 
^ hiopa phtep. ac jip hi f 500b buton himrelpum ha&pben. 
6onne meahte hi mon hip beniman.*® of ep tpeja o6^e pe & 
^i'hit »p fealbe. ot5t5e ofep mon.*^ Ac fonne pophept 50b'® man 
hip leanum.®^ ^onne he hip job popla&t. Onjit nu -p te alcum 
men hip ajen job'* jipf 500b eblean. f job f te omnnan him 
pelpum bif . ppa pippa monna pile cpef an ^ «nij job man pe 
beb»leb tJap hehptan jobep. popfam he pmle septeji fam 
j^ ppmcf . Ac jemun tSu purde tSa&p miclan ^ f »p paejpan ebleanep. 

' Cott. hopo f eaf a. * Cott. ^ooban. » Cott. popf 8&m. * Cott 
Sooban. » Cott. goobep. * Cott, seeapna'S. ^ Cott. unpiht. » Bod. 
Romana >eapap ip. » Cott Siet. »« Cott. hobum. " Cott b^ S>^ 
" Cott ypna«. " Bod. enbemept. '* Cott gebypeU. » Cott. 

ealle. >« Cott Soobep. " Cott anum. " Cott ealle, ^ Cott 
m»sene. ^ Cott Soob. «> Cott. ne m»S hme mon no mib pihce 

hatan pe sooba. Sij he bilS l>»p hehptan goGbep bebnleb. " Cott 
soob. ^ Cott soobum. ^ Cott beag. «» Cott soobq-. «• Cott 
goobmn. ^ Cott sooban. 2s B6d. hiopa gob. buton himpelpnin 

n»pben. fonne mihte hi mon hi bemman. ^ Bod. pealbe olSf a ofep 
ma. »« Cott soob. « Bod. Seleapan. « Cott soob. 

Digitized by 




in how deep, and in how dark a sink of vices the evil-willing 
are involved, and how the good shine brighter than the sun r 
For the good are never destitute of the rewards of their good, 
nor the wicked ever of the punishments which they deserve. 
Everything which is done in this world has recompense. Let 
any one work what he may, or do what he may, he will ever 
have that which he earns. Moreover, it is not'unjust, as was 
formerly the custom of the Eomans, and still is in many na- 
tions, that man should have a golden crown at the end of 
some course. Manv people then come thereto, and all run 
equally, those who have co nfidftT ^fte in their running ; and 
whichsoever first arrives at the crown^ t hen may he have it 
to himself. Every one desires that he may first arrive, and 
have it ; but nevertheless it falls to one. So does all man- 
kmd in this present life, — ^runs and hastens, and is desirous 
of the highest good. But it is ofiered to no one man, but is 
off&red to all men. Therefore it is needful to every one that 
he strive with all his power after the reward. Of the reward 
no good man is ever deprived. A man cannot rightly call 
himself good if he be destitute of the highest good, for no 
good servant is without good rewards. Let the wicked do 
what they may, t he crown of good reward will always be pos- 
sessed by the good for ever. The evil of the wicked cannot 
deprive the good of their good, and of their excellence. But 
if they had that good from without them, then might some 
one deprive them of it ; either he who formerly bestowed it, 
or another man. But a good man then loses his rewards 
when he forsakes his good. Understand, then, that to every 
man his own good gives goo^^jga^d^ that good which is in 
himself. What- wise man wilT^ayfthat any good man is des- 
titute of the highest good P for ne always labours after it. 
But meditate thou always on the great and the fair reward, 

Digitized by 



/ popfanji f eb l ean y ojep ealle oppeMea^ co lupenne.' • 
Jt^Kf lean co"^am ) poperpecenan ^obum* ]?e y ^e gn t:ealhe on 

6pAb8uiL bee. j;Oj!liierlii J>Uuhe ^u^a^ejiube^ bio)». 'OoimemiW 

)>u on^itan jj f a sef»lj>a ^ f h^fCe. :^ob^ bif eall an. ^ f bip 
S Jjob, ^ ]70iuie tSu milit^ eac on^tan f a&lc job^ man bij? eabij. 

^ f eeiRe ^f»li^e men heoj^^ Iiobaf . ^ habba^ ecu eblean 

hiopa^isobef :.12 

§ III.^ Fop]nun^' ne Ses^ nsume pipne. mem tpeo^an. f Sa 

y^elan nabba& eae ece^^ eblean heopa p^f. f bi]? ece pee, 
IpBeoh t5u nu ^n»:f biopahpylc^^ jepeligf^ pe hep pp populbe, 

he h»p|? ^eah fimle^^ hif ypel. mib himi ^ eac Jmb]' ypelef^^ 

eblean ^a hpile \fe hit him lica]^. Nif nu nan pip man f nyte f 
/,? t» gob^® J ypel biofi pimle^® T^nje^jayw beieyttx.^^ him. ^ pmle^^ 
/// OB cpa^* piUaf . "3 rP» rP* ^«r jofea^ g obngf bj)? hq- agen job^* ;j 
//hif a^en eblean. rpa.bjlt.eac pxy ypelan tgel ijiraxen/vT^Ti hif 

eblean. ^ hip a^en pite. ne tpeof nenne mon ^q: he pjte haspjr. 

^ff he nsabbe ypel. pp»t pena^ ]7a ypdan f he bcon heb«ke 

iapa pita ^ pmt pulle aalcef ypelep. nailap^* nofesaf hi hioj^ 

apylbe. ac popneahtonauhte^ebone. On^it nu be ]}am ^obum 
^Jiu micel pite fa ypelan pymla habba]^. ^ i^vp ^ t^^ JuSt 

Tbifpell. ^ 5eh«alb )>a pel ]>eic fe aafp paebe. Gall f. f te anneije 

nepp. '^ pe pe^a]> ]ra»t te pe. "Sa. hpile ]>e hit. a&t pamne hy. 3 
> '' €a lymppBBbnef^e pe hata)^ ^ob. Spa ppa an man bi)> man. t$a 

hpile ^e pfo^'papl ^ pe hchoma bib aatpomne.^^ ]}onne hi foime 
^^'jepnbnebe biof ^onne^* ne bi^ he -^ f he »p p»r. "p ilce fa 

miht^^ gefencan be ^Sam hohoman -;] bo hip lunum. ^ip ]>a|ia 

^ylima hpilc*® op bij?!. ^onne ne bif hit no pull mon ppa hit ap 

Tpap. jip eac hpylcgob*^ mftnppom2obe^epite..t$onBe ne bif he 

fe*^ ma pulhce gob., jip he eaUunga ppom. jafee'* SejMJce. )wMian 
^^hit gebypaf •p t$a<y7:eliin. popl»ta|) f fhxmfi biboai?^ ne^^ biof 

^ Boet lib* ir. prosft 3. — Qu» cum ita sint, &ci 

1 Cott. popJ>»m, ' Cott. o'Spu. ' Cott. lupanne. * Cott soobum. 
« Cott. gegabepubu. ^ Cott meaht. ^ Cott. goob. » Cott meahc 
9 Cott. goob. w Cott bio«. " Cott heopa. " Cott soobep. " Cott. 
popJ>8&m. ^* Cott nsebben eac ecu. " bpvlc, deest in MS. Bod. 

18 Bod. ser»l)>e. *' Cott pymle. " Cott yplep. » Cott 500^- 
20 Cott pymle. «» Cott beryeox. « Cott pymle. ^ Cott. tu. 

2* Cott Soob. «» Cott nallep. «« Cott get. «? Cott wcpomne 
bio«. «8 hi fonne gepiubpebe bi6« J>onne, desunt in MS. Bod. ** Cott 
meaht. «> Cott hpylc. " Cott soob. " Cott )>on. » Sobe, 
deest in MS. Cott. »* Cott. bybon. « Cott. i ne. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


|) III. BOSTHIUS.. 191 

fortbati»w)U>dift above all other rewards to be loved: and 
add tbat rgyamLto^e before^menti ongd goeds which I for- 
marly cieoiiAtad t<> thee in the tmrd booL When they are 
added together, then mayest tiiou perceive that happiness 
afld the lughest good are all one, and that is G-od. And then, 
thou may^ also perceive that every good man is happy,, 
aud that all happy men are gods, and have eternal reward of. 
their good! 

§ III. Therefore no wise man needs ta doubt that the evil 
luura also eternal recompense of their evil, that is, eternal 
BimiBhment. Though thou mayest think that any of them is 
oapj^here in. respect, of the world, he nevertheless has always: 
hifi evil witk him^ and also the recompense of the evil, ettn 
whilst it gives him pleasure. There is no wise man who is 
ignorant that, good and evil are always discordant between 
themselves, and always are at variance in their wishes. And 
IB the goodness of the good is his own good, and. his own re* 
ward, 80 is also^ the evil of the wicked his own evil, and his 
lewaid, and. his own punishment. No man if he has punish* 
foeaty doubts that he has evil. What.! do. the wicked think 
i&atrthej^are exempted from punishments, and yet are full of 
•11 eyil? ]^ot only are they foul, but almost brought to 
nothing. Understand, therefore, &om the good, how great 
punishment the wicked always have : and hear, moreover, an 
lEQffile: and well rotain those which I before mentioned to 
i^hee. Whatsoever has unity, that we say exists while it re- 
nains togetiiflr ;: and this unity we call good* Thus a man is 
a man whUst tliavsool and the body are together. But when 
Aey are sepasated, then is he not that which, he was before, 
l^e same thou mayest conceive concerning the body, and 
concerning its limbs. If any of the limbs is off, then it is 
Dot full man, as it waft before. So if anv good man depart 
fiwm good, then is he not any more fully good, if he at all 
^part jQrom good. When it happens that the wicked leave 
off. what they before did, #Aey are not what they before were. 

Digitized by VjOOQ iC 


/ff hi 9&JI p»pon. Ac ]K>nne hi f job* poplastab ^ peop]>i^ 
j^rele. tSonne ne beo)>* bi nanbcaf 15uton anLcnefT^ mon maej 
jepon -p bi po men ESpgfi.' ac hi babb^ ^a^ TinftnT^ij-f»<*j - 
t$onne Jigr^ft h<>rjt:aD_ba&l ^oplopen. •} j>oneT^cu|>e]tan^ ^fe . 

/^ealben. bi popl»ca)> f jecjTibelice 50b. -p^ pnc mennifcbce 
feapifr ^ babba]> ^eab mannef anbcnejje tSa bfile ^e k 
Lbbaf :• 

§ IV." Ac rpa rpa manna jobnef* bi abep)> opep J>a men- 
nif can jecynb. co fam^ ^ bi beol> Cobapynemnebe .^ jrpa eac 

/^biopa ypelnep apjjipf bi ^mbep ^a mennifcan jecynb. to fam® 
f bi bipf ypele jebacene. f pe cpe)>^ pe naubt. Fop]>am jip 
©u rE^Kfi^gO)^ nion metjr ' ^ be bipplbpeppeb ppom ^ofee'^^ ^ 
yrele^ ne mibt' -^ t$u bine na mib pibte nemnan man. ac n&lc! 
IjiF*pu f onne^* on bpilcmn men onjitpt. f be bij> pcfefte 3 

/^peapepe. ne pcealc ]>u bme na batan man. ac pulp. Anb }Kme 
pefan f e bip fpeopteme. f u pcealt bacan bunb. nallap^' maun. 

/ '^ Anb ^one leapan lytexa n/yu jcealt batan pox. ns^ mann. Anb 

,': tSone unjemetbce mobejan.^ yppenban.^* t$e to i%i <?f1nft y^f^p 
baejf . t5u fcealt batan leo. na&j* mann. Anb ^one ra&nan. 'be bd> 

io io flap, gu jcealt batan arra ma l?onne man. Anb l?one unte^ 
metlice eapjan. pe him onbpa&t mape^'^ bpnne be J>uppe.")»i 
mibt^^ batan bapa. ma ^onne man. Anb ^m^^ um ^|^y% j>}ig7;an 
•] iSam^» hal^an.'o j?ii mibfe^^ ^'^^^ftp'^ -f^lii bij> plnbe jebcpa. 
ot$ge unptillum pujelum. ^onne jemetpa&ptum monnmn. Anb 

^^J>am )>e tJu onjitpt f be lip** on bij* bcbaman luftum. f he bitJ 
anbcopttjrettum jwun^_fe pmle pillnap^ licjan on julum 

2 rfohlm: •] bi nyU^jlijim^bjjan** on blutqium pa&tepum.^ ac 
peab bi relbumnpohneTberpembe peop]>on. ^onne jjealThe eig 
on pa rolu Tfbepealjnap J>»p on. Da pe f^ipbom*^ pip ppefl 
^^Upent ha&pbe. ia onjan be pmjan -j )?up cpaa]?. 

u Boet. lib. iv. prosa 8. — Sed cam ultra homines, &c. 4- 
» Cott soob. * Cott. bio's. • Cott. p»peii. * Bod.|popcu|>e]um. 
« Bod. "3. « Cott. Soobnep. ' ' Cott. }>on. « Cott. Senembe, » Cott. 
Jjon. '0 Cott. soobe. " Cott. meaht. " >onne, deest in MS. Cott 
" Cott nallep. " Bod. ippenbe. " Cott ma. » Cott. tvpjre. 

" Cott meaht. !» Cott. \mm. « Cott >»m. » Cotf^^ 

" Cott. meaht, « Cott. pecsan. 23 c^tt. hig^. -* Cott' pymle 
pilla'S. <« Cott. n»ppe nella'Stgr p^han, ^ Cott. pvtpnm. 

Digitized by 



§ IT. BOETHIUS. 193 

But when men forsake good, and become wicked, then are 
they nothing but a resemblance ; so that one may see that 
they formerly were men, but they have lost the best part of 
humanity, and kept the worjat. They forsake the good of 
their nature, that is buman manners, and have nevertheless 
the likeness of man while they live, 

§ ly. But as the goodness of men raises them above human 
nature, so far that they are named ^ods ; so also their wicked- 
Bess degrades them below human nature, so far. that they 
are called evil, which we say is nothing. ^J?herefore if thou 
Bhouldest meet a m an so debased that ha i^ n rned from good 
fcevil . thou canst not ngbtiy name him man, but beast. I^ 
thenHEhou observest with respect to any man, that he is a 
rapacious man, and a spoiler, thou shouldest not call him a 
wan, but a wolf. And the fierce man who is a brawler, thou 
Bhouldest call a hound, not a man. And the deceitful, crafty 
«««, thou shouldest call a fox, not a man. And the immo- 
derately proud and angry maUy who has g reat malice, thou 
shalt call a lion, not a man. AncTthe^ulI man wFo is too 
Blow, thou shouldest call an ass more than a man. And the 
excessively timid man who is more fearful than he needs, thou 
Gayest call a hare more than a man. And ta the incc^nstant 
*^d the light, thou mayest say, that they are more like the 
^d, or restless birds, than modest men. And to him whom 
thou observest that he is lying in the lusts of his body, thou 
^'jie%t say, that hp is most like to fat swinOy which always 
Qjgirejo li e in f oul mire , and will noFwash themselves in 
pare waters ; butlTthey sometimes, rarely .are vagAe to swim, 
then cast they themselves again into the mire, and wallow 
therein. When Wisdom had ended this speech, then began 
he again to sing, and thus said : 

Digitized by 





CAPTIT xxxvni7 

/ § itK ^C tSe^ TTiaB^ peccan op ealbiim leapun fpellmn jTim 
fpife anlic rpeU f «pe fpjMBce ]>epic nu ymbe ppfieBCon. pit je- 
b^ebej^io on Tpoiana ^epnme f Jwp pe&f an cyninj )>»f nain^ 
;^ Aulixef. fe hnphe tfa £ifiba nnbep ^am Karene . Da Siobft 
^p»pon hafcene I]»aci^« "3 Recie. "^ ^bbj* Kapspef nama peef Aga- 
memnon. Da fe Aulixer mib fam Kafepe to }iam'feepohre pop* 
y <?a haB^ he pime hunbpeb rcipa. jk pfl&non'hi roB 
' on |>Mifeepin ne. "ga pe c^nmg efc ham cepbe fpom ^ 

3 hi f mnb hs&pbon ^epunnen. 6a naajrbe ma ycip a ]7onne an. ^ 
IC p»fJ5eah ^pe pe]?pe . ^ S^P^^ ^^^^ ^®®^ f ebep ^ ]rop m y»j 
//pea p }) ga ionbpipn on an^tlonb ut on' gcepe ren&el»r» . }i 
pa&r )>»p ) Apohine; 

pole html 
/5n»nne o] 




he pceolbe bion 
pop])am]>e he p»] 


'»r hiopa 

hi nyptota 

opa cjnin^aj* hi 

_ beoneac 

c^^ hi h»pb(m 

on tSsene timan. but< 
Eiobap. tJa pceolbe Jiobl 
la psep Satupnup. ";] hip ppa ilce ei 

hiopa an pe Apolhnup "Se pe egp j mb pppycon. 

jbflh&op pceolbe__bipn_2jbene. fsRjie nama psef 

pa&bon rceolbe bion ppib^T^ycpcgpCi^ . *] po 

on 'Sam j ^lanbe 1>e re cr^int^ Q nlcopbpitS^ peia p| ) Se pe 

»p ymbe ppp»con. pio ha&pbe "Sflftp 

micle 'pepob€jhipe 

't5ejna. "j eac oJ>eppa ms&bena. Sona ppa hio xepeah ^one'fe gji-' 

bnipenan cvnmpc ye pe esp ^bppp»con. J>»p'nama fG&p Aulixi^. 

^J' ^a on^^ hio hme lupan. "j hiopa sej^ep o{»epne ppijie imje- 

. methce. ppa f te he -pop hipe lupan poplfe hip ptce eall. 3 hip 

T ^^^^^» 1 pimobe mib hipe o|? "SonetnnrJE f hip ^>CTiap him ne 

r • mihton lenj mib jepunian. ac pop hion&^oapbep lupan ^ pp 

J.J Sa&ne ppace tihobon hme jco popls&tannMDa on^monleape 

Jo men pypcan ppell. T ra&bon 3 hio jceolg^«b hipej bpyqia gpt. 

M l>a_Hifii CTopbpeba n. 6 peoppan Li an pilfclBE5paTfc7^|p?^8m 

dean on |?a paccentan t ontco rpar.^Suiiy^hi p^bon^-p hio 

^♦^rceolbe'V poprcedpp an tot leAn. ^ fenne pe6 pceolbe pppecan. 

Jyonney jjgibe. too^ /Sume pceolban bionf^i^iar; ^ tJonne hi 

J^pceolbaiT niopa pap popan. ]>onne gpygHroan hi. Ssssfe 

J^pupbon to pulpan. Sa Suton. tSonne __ ^^.^ 

▼ Boet lib. iv. metrnm 8.— Vela Neritii du^, &c. 

I Bod et Cpt^a. « Bod. et Cott uton^ » Bod. et 

iptecan pceolbon. 

Cott. »lciiic. 

y Google 

§ I. BOBTHItrS. 195 


§ I. I CAN relate to thee, from ancient fables, a story very 
like to the subject which we have just now spoken about. It 
happened formerly in the Trojan ^ar, that there was a king 
whose name was ITlysses, who had two countries under the 
Cffisar. The^qountries were called Ithaca and Eetia, and the 
Caesar's namie was Agamemnon. When Ulysses went with 
the CsBsar to the battle, he had some hundred shipsi. Then 
were they aome ten years in that war. When the kin^ again 
returned homeward from the Caesar, and they had conquered 
fcbe land, he had not more ships than one ; but that was a 
*Mp with three rows of oars. Then opposed him a great 


tempest and a stormy sea. He was then driven on an island 
|at in the Wendel sea. Then was there the daughter of 
i.poUo, the son of. Jove. Jovoswas their king, and pretended 
that he should be the highest god, and that foolish people 
believed him because he wasof ^")^1 IJTipagfpi and they knew 
not any other God at that timu, UUl\liOfHmprped their kings 
fop gods. Then should the &ther of Jove be also a god j whose 
iianie was Saturn ; und likewise aH his kindred they held for 
gods. Then was ohQ of them the Apollo whom we before 
mentioned.— -Apollo's daughter should be a goddess, whose 
iiame was C[irce. She, they said, should be very skilful in 
sorcery; ana siie dwelt in the island on which the king was 
feven, about whom we before spoke. She had then a very 
great company of her servants, and also of other maidens. 
Ab soon as she saw the king driven iMtheVy Whom we before 
nientioned, whose name was Ulysses, then began she to love 
jim, and each of them the other, beyond measure ; so that he 
for love of her neglected all his kingdom^and his family. an3 
welt with her until the time that his thanes would no longer 
J^naain with him ; but for love of their country, and on ac- 
<^unt of exile, determined to leave him. Then began fake 
^n to work spells. And they said that she should by her 
Borcery overthrow the men, and cast them into the bodies of 
]^d beasts, and afterwards . throw the 

*ju<l boars, and when they fthk,cx« «.^^**u «*.w.x -.«w*w««« 
taen they grunted. Some became wolves. These howled 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 


/ 8ume minbon to bam Ibeopc^nne Ve mon hac cigiir. 8pa peopti 
call re gepepfcipeTfephp eppeb to mip:licum j |^eopcynniim. »lc 
to fumum bioji^.* Duton ])am cyninje anum. iElcne mete hi 
onfcunebon fe men etaf. "^ pilnobon t$apa "pe beop etaf. 

^Neepbon hi nane anbcnen*e manna ne on licboman ne on 
jremme. j aelc piJTte tSeah hip jepit ppa fpa he a&n jpipre, f je- 
pit par vyipe popgien be pop fam epm]7um t5e hi gpoxan . Ppaet 
)?a menn%e pyfum leapinjum jelep bon. ^eah ji rrt»» J «t hio 
mib ]>am bp^cps&fte ne mihte tSapa manna GDobon penban. 

10 )?eah hio t$a bchoman onpenbe. Gala f hit ir micel cpaept tSa&r 
GOober pop tSone hchoman. Be rpilcum ] be f p ilcum pu mihc 
on^itan f ye cpa&pt faer hchoman hif on J>am OOobe. "3 ^ ce 
selcum men ma bepiaf hir GDober un)?eapar. g»r ODoberttiol> 
ealhie ))on6 | ic )ioman to him. -] fa&r hchoman mettpumner ne 
IS imdxf OOob eallimxa to him t)^eti(^n : • 

§ 11.^ Da cpa&f ic. Ic eom'be}?aj:a 'p 'p ir rol?. f ]>u »p 

ra&bert. f pa&r $ hit nauht uiJfuht pa&pe p»t mon tSa yjrel- 

/^ pillenban men hete netenu. o^"Se pilbeoji.^ t$eah hi manner on^ 

'ilicnerre haebben. Ac jip ic haepbe rpilcne anpealb.^ lEjJce pe 

i^selmihteja Irob h»p]7. tSonne ne lete lo no ^a ypelan bepian 
^am® jobum* rj pa ITil>e rpa hi nu boJ>. Da cp»f he. Nir hit him 
no ija lonje alepeb jya. fet^jiicf . sicjii miht onjitan f hmi 

Jj^^biVjv^ hnaBbhceT xertyTieb^ hiona^ofJj^nXPeiTe^ Xys. ic fena 

pihte j-ec^an pille. geah ic yetTfemtan^ nasbbe pop o)>eppe* 
^/rPP*ce. t$8ep hi t5one unnyttan anpealb^ nsepben pe hi pena^ f 
hi habba]).^ "Sonne naepbon hi pp^ micel pite jps. hi habban 
rculon. Da ypelan hip micle^^ unjepaehjpan ])onne. tSonne^^ hi 
maxani l?uphtion^' }?a6t y^ el f hi Itpg;, }>onne hi fonne bion. 
J>onne m hit bon ne maton. t$eah^ip^"b^ije men ne jelepan.^* 
3d pit ip rpife ypel f mon" ypel pille. ^ hit^® ip ]>eah micle pyppe 
f hit mon ma&j bon.^^ popf »m^® pe ypeW® pilla bif toptencei. 

^ Boet. lib. iv. prosa 4. — Turn ego, Fateor, inquam, &c. 

1 Cott. pilbiop. « Cott. anpalb. « Cott. >»m. * Cott. soobnm. 
« Cott. serciopeb. « Cott. »mefccan. ' Cott. o«pe. » Cott. un- 
nectan anpalb. » Cott. hsBbben. »« Cott. bio« rymle. " Bod. >oiie. 
» Cott. maKonr i>mim Qn. " Cott. hip " Cott. sdejren. " Cott. 
men % « Bod. he. " bon, deest in MS. Cott. , »» Cott ppj**!!! 
pop>8Bm. "Cottypla. «« Cott >»p pec. " CottJ hupjqnon. »*ne, 
deest in MS. Bod. ^^ Cott yplan. »• Cott unpSSpei: «» Cott 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

§ II, BOXTHIUS. 197 

when thej sliould speak. Some became that kind of wild 
beast that man calls tiger. Thus was all th% company turned 
to wild beasts of various kinds ; each to some beast, except 
the king alone. Every meat they refused which men eat, 
and were desirous of those which beasts eat. They had no . 
resemblaiftee of men either in body or in voice, yet every one 
knew his mind, as he before knew it. That mind was very 
sorro^ul through the miseries which they suffered. Indeed, 
the men who believed these fictions, nevertheless knew that 
she by sorcery could not change the minds of men, though 
she changed the bodies. How great an excellence is that of 
the mind in comparison of the body ! By these thinas, and 
the like thou mayest learn, that the excellence of the body is 
in the mind ; and that to every man the vices of his mind are 
more hurtful. Those of the mind draw all the body to them, 
and the infirmity of the bodyi cannot entirely draw the mind 
to it. » 

§ II. Then said I: I am convinced that that is true which 
tbou before saidst, that is, that it would not be unfit that we 
should call evil-willing men cattle, or wild beasts, though they 
have the resemblance of man. But if I had such power as 
the Almighty God has, then would I not let the wicked injure 
the good so much as they now do. Then said he : It is not 
permitted to them so long as thou supposest. But thou 
mayest be assured that their prosperity will very soon be^e- 
moved, as I will shortly inform thee, tbougb 1 have not leisure 
now on account of other discourse. If they had not the vain 
power, which they think they have, then would they not have 
so great punishment as they shall have. The wicked are much 
more unhappy when they are able to accomplish the evil which 
they list, than they are when they are unable to do it ; though 
these foolish men do not believe it. It is very wicked that 
any man wills evil, and it is still much worse that he is able 
to do it, for the evil will is dispersed like incense before the 
fire, if man is not able to accomplish the work. But the 
wicked have sometimes three misfortunes : one is, that they 
win evil; the second, that they are able to do it; the third, 

Digitized by 



/ pop]yaiD]>e^ Irob li»f]> ^etiohhob co felLenne^ pitu ^ epin]>a 

l^am ypelum^ monnum pop hiopa y]dum peopcum. Da cp»J> ic. 

.9 Spa hit If fpa t$u regt:. -j peah ic polbe ytfSX^^- S*F ^c mihte * 

?l hi ns&pboii ]>a heapbfaol^a '^ hi mihtoaypel bon. Da cpse]> he. 
c pene )>6ah -p him lop^e pe anpealb* »p ]H)nne ^u polbeft.® 
otS^e hi penen. jxgjipt&m naa puht ny lanjt^ f a&pcf o n )>if anb- 
peapban hf e. ]?eah monnum ]>ynce -^ hit lan^ pe. Ac ]*pi]>e ojt 
le micla anpealfo^ Sapa ypel^aa tehnipL rpiHe ^»phce. j^a fpa 
?,Jllg5^ hftam 911 PY^*^ Wl^cy hl&ne &xifc.J $onne men la&jt 
/^peM^J). 3 popjiam^^ egp m biof^^ pmie ppife eapme. Ijip hi 
tSonne hiopa ypel eapme jebetJ. ha ne bil> ]?onne nml e^ Jhin^e 

Deah nu ))a yflan"n8&j^e ne pup- 

cpe]7an ^ hi paepon^* eagaM32S:^* 

_ ^ ^ f^^ jint. ^e pe lange** aep ymbe 

fijiehtonP f 8a ypelan*^ hep on populbe^^ habban j-ceolban.** 

]»onne if f«t fpeotoL -^ J^afeapmfa beof^^lenbeleafe fe ece^ 

biof . Da cpaef ic. Da&t if punboplic f t5u fejfC.^^ -3 fpij>e eap- 

fo]7lic b^e^m mommm to on^itarnie. Ac ic on^it;e pedh f 

hit behmp> xenox pel to l?a&ne pna&ce, l?e yit aep ymbe fppaecon. 

i()Da cp»]> he. Ic ne fppece nu no to byfejum monnum. ac 

fppece to fam fe filUmaip^^ f^ipbom.onjitan. pp))a&m f bjj, 

tacn pifbomer . f hine mon pihiije^^ jehepan'-^ •] on^itan. AF 

jifbyjTjpa^pone tp^e^^ a&mjef :tSapa fpdla. t$e pe a&p ymbe^® 

fpps&con on ]7]ffe ilcan bee. tSonne ^pecce he. pp he m»;^. 

^i^ofep tpeja ot$6e papa fpella j*um leaf o^Se un^ehc tSaope fppaeee 

26fe pit a&ft^ fpypiaf. o^Se fpibbe^jenb ongite "3 jelepe f j^ 

onjiih^4;gigi^.®^ jif he fapa nan ne beji.'^^ tSonne nat^ 

Epi^^he menj> : • ^* 

§ III.* Ac ic^e m»s S^i^* tsscan o|)ep 8in^ 'pe b^yfejum 
Ji; monnum pile gincan xet^^ u ngetepCTiblicpe.' ^ H if tJeah ^eno; 

^ Boet. lib. ir. prosa 4. — Nam hoc quoque quod dicam, &c. 

' Cott ):opl>»in)>e. ^ Cott. f eUanne. ' Cott. yjrlum. * Cott meaht. 
» Cott. anpalb. « Cott polbe. ^ Cott. long. • Cott. anpalb. » Oott. 
puba. '0 Cott. Fop>iBffl. " Cott. beotJ. " Cott pupben. " ic, 
deest in MS. Cott " Cott. p»pen. " Cott. eapmoftse -3 iinscywl- 
SDfte. i« Cott ealla. " Cott fojja. >8 Qq^^^ 10^15^, ij> Cott 
peahton. «» Cott yjrlan. ^^ Cott. peapulbe. «« Cott j-ceolben. 

«« Cott. ypmj>a biotJ. ^ Cott eac. «* Cott. r»Srt. « Cott pel 
pilma'5. 2' Cott pelnige. «« Bod. gepan. « Cott. tpeoge. * Cott 
ymb. " Cott. fpyP^S^^- ^ ^^^^' ^^y^- ^ Cott. nan J>apa hp»t. 
' ]^ Cott. msfrn-S. "^^ Cott giec. ^ Cott siefc. «' Cott ungele- 


Digitized by 


§ in. BoatHiua. ' 199 

that they accomplish it. For God has decreed to give punish- 
jnents and miseries to Tracked men for their wicked works;. 
Then said I : So it is as thou say est; and yet I would wish, 
if I mighty that they had not the unhappiness of being able 
to do evil. Then said he : I thinkj however, that that power 
will be lost to them sooner than either thou or they would 
expect. For nothing is of long duratio n in this present life, 
though it seem to men that it be long» But very frequently 
the great power of the wicked falls very suddenly, even as a 
great tree in a wood p^es a 1qu<^ crash when men least 
expect ; and through lei they are always very miserable. 
But if their wickedness makes them miserable, is not then 
the long evil always worse than the short? Though the 
wicked never died, I should still say that they were most 
miserable. If the miseries are all true^ which we long ago 
discoursed about, that the wicked should have in this world, 
then is. it evident that those miseries are infinite which are 
etemaL Then.aaid:!: That is wonderful which thou say est, 
and very dificult to be understood by foolish men. But I 
nevertheless perceive, that it appertains well enough to the 
discourse which we were before holding. Then said he: I 
am not now speaking to foolish, men, but- am speaking to 
those who desire to understttud wisdom ; for i t is a token of 
wisdom that any one is willing to heac and understand it. 
But if any of the foolish doubt any of the reasonings which 
we have already uttered in this same book, let him show, if 
he can, some one of the arguments which is either false, or 
inapplicable to the subject i^out which we are inquiring ; or 
thirdly, let him turn, understand, and- believe that we argue 
rightly. If he will do none of these things, then he knows 
not what he means. 

§ III. But I can still teaeh. thee another tiling, which* to 
foolish men- will seem yet more incredible, and is nevertheless 
suitable enough to the argument which, we are holding. Then 

Digitized by 



pite' poji hjpa* Jrpelum.^ tJdhne fa pen pe nane ppa&ce nabba]^. 

i ne nan pite on pijje populbe poji hiojia Jrple. Ne pene tSeah nan 

mon ^ ic poji ])8&m anum "S^Uic fppece. t$e ic polbe un]>eapa]* 

^ t»lan. -3 jobe hejiian. ^ niib tJsepe bijue® men tSpeacian ] 

r tihcan^ to ^obum t$ea]nmi. popfam' eje fJaef pitef, ac pop 

6]>pum pinpim^ ic hit pppece^*^ let rP*)>op. Da cp8Bj> ic. Fop 

10 bpilcum" oppum tJinjum polbept" tJu "p pppecan.^' buton pop- 

])am^* tJe J>u nu paBbept. Da cpaep be. Eemunpt** t5u ^ pit sep 

pppa&con. ^ peep ^ l>a joban*^ baepben*' pymle anpealb^® ^ je- 

p»lpa. •] pa ypelan^® naepben naeppe naubep. Da cpaBp ic. Daet 

. ic ^eman. Da cpaef be. Pp»t penpt Du nu. ^ip pu jepibpt 

//bpylcne ppife iinjepa&b^ne mon, ^ onjitpt tSeab hp»t bpeju** 

// jobep*^ on bim. bp8e]>ep be pe ppa un^epa&bj.ppa pe pe nan puht 

jobep** n»p]y. Da cp8ej> ic. 8e me^jjjiicp ^ep»li^a. Ce hpaet 

bpeju** bsep]>. Da q^a&f be. Ac bu1>yncj>t$e ]K)nne be }>am** fe 

^ nan pubt jobep** naepf . xip be baBpl?'* nimne eacan ypele p . pe pu 

2^ pilt pecjan ]>onne jet" pe unj^epaBbj^pa^onne pe o)>ep7 jop )«r 

yp^lep*® eacan. Da cpae^ ic. Ppi ne pc^olbe me ppa tJincan.** 

Da cpaBf be. Telo ]yonne -f ^e ppa J>incJ>.'*^ ontit t$onne mib 

innepeapban^^ flOobe -p faypelan^* baobajy pmle** bp»t bpepi** 

gobep on jemonj biopa ypel. -p ip biopa pice ^ mon maej ppit$e 

jl,J>ea^e jepeccan mib pibte bim to jobe.f * Ac Ja ]>e bim bip un- 

pitnobe call biopa J^pel'on tJippe populbe. babbal) pum ype l 

^ bep3pe j ^ecenblicpe ]?onn e .a&nix pite pe o n pyf^ pop"^^- 

^i^'p ip f bun bij) uQjepitnobe'^yniopa J^rel on pippe populbe.^ f 

fO ij f ppeotolopte tacn®* J^aejjmaejran Jpelep on fippe populbe. 

* Colt, yplan. < Cott pe^nlbe. ' Colt. pita. * Ck>tt. hiopa. 
» yjrelum, deest in MS. Cott. / « Cott. bypne. ' Cott. j^eatisan T 

tyhtan. » Cott. pop>aem. A Cott. hncsum. " Cott. pppasc. " Cott. 
hpylcum. " Cott. polbef . " Cott pp]i»can. >« Cott. pop>»m. 
" Cott. semanpt. "Cott Sooban. " Cott haepbon. »• Cott 

anpalb. " Cott yjrlanr « Cott hpugu. 21 Cott Soobep. ««Cott 
Soobep. 2« Cott. hpuj^u. " Cott >8Bin. " Cott. Soobep. =« Bod. 
n»p«. *7 Cott pec/ «Cottjplep. «» Cott >yncan. •'Da 
cps&tS he. Telo honn^^ t ]>e ppa |>mG^, desunt in MS. Cott *^ Cott m- 
nepeapbpe. »* Cott yplan. » Cott pymle. ^ Cott hpn^ » Cott. 
Soobe. * Bodrfam. ^7 Cott unptnob. »» Cott. peopulbe. * Cott 


Soc__- , 

tacen. ** Cott peopulbe^ 

Digitized by 



said I : What thing is that ? Then said he': It is this, that 
those, wicked persons are much happier who in this world 
baye great misery, and manifold punishment for their evil, 
than those are who have no suffering nor punishment in this 
world for their guilt. Let no one, however, think that I 
speak thus merely because I would reprove vices, and praise 
virtue, and by the example urge and persuade men to good 
conduct through fear or punishment : but I speak it still 
more for other reasons. Then said I : For what other reasons 
wouldest thou speak it, except what thou hast just mentioned P 
Then said he : Dost thou recollect what we before said, that 
is, that the good always had power and happiness, and the 
wicked never had either ? Tnen said I : That I remember. 
Then said he : But what thinkest thou, if thou seest any man 
very unhappy, and yet perceivest something of good in him ; 
is he as unhappy as the man who has no good m him ? Then 
said I: He appears to me happier, who has something of 
good. Then said he : But what then dost thou think con- 
cerning him who has no good, if he has some addition oL^ 
Svijj* He, thou wilt say, is still more unhappy than the 
other, through the addition of evil> Then said I : Why should 
not I think bo ? Then said he : Consider that it so appears 
to thee, and understand with inward mind that the wicked 
have always something of good among their evil, that is their 
punishment, which we may very easily, and justly reckon to 
them as good. IBut those whose evil is all unpunished in this 
world, have an evil heavier and more dangerous than any 
punishment in this world is ; that is, that their evil is un- 
punished in this world, which is the most evident token of 
the greatest evil in this world, and of the worst recompense 

Digitized by 


jSOi BOBTHnrSk chap, xxxthl 

/ "D f^r P^JtJan^ ebleanef sftptejit^iffepofiQlbe. Da qwt$ ic. Ne* 
m»; ic id&Y o}>facan. Da q^he. FopJ^em pnt un^efa&li^giao 
pa ^yjelan. p op)>»m him hip buton ^p^phtaim foppfen luopa 
yfel 'Sonne ))a pen fe him bi)» hiopa ypel r^deanob be 
5heopa' jep^hcum. fopl>»m hic if piht^j^ lmon ypdbg 
jaj pelan .* -^ hit; ly yoh^ j ET mon laece unptnobe. Bs 
cpaejj ic. Ppa b)>f»c]> J)8Bf . Da cystp he. Ne-ma&^'nan man 
0}>facan f hit ne pe eall job^ f ce piht bip.' ^ eaU ypel $ ce 
poh bi]>. Da cp»]) ic. Ic eom fpipe ^ebpepeb mib 6i]ye fpp»ce. 
/() ^ punbpi^e^ pophpi^ fpa pihcpif bema sani^ unpihte ^pe pile 
popppm. Da cpadp he» Be hpam^** cpeft ]ni "p^ Da cp«p ic. 
Foppam])e^^ tSu SDp q^a^be ^ he i^uhc b^e. f he lete unpyu- 
nob^^ J?a ypdan. Da cp»J> he. D»t ip hip peopj^pcipe. -^ he fpt 
jipoP* ip. ^ ppa pmnebhce jijiS. ^ ip micel Jipu^ "g he'^efe 

// o^t$»t; tSa ypelan** on^tJS]> hypa^^ ypd j-jecyppiSj)^^ tx> jobe." 
Da cpaef ic» Nu ic onjice- f hit nip ece jipu f he jij^ Jiam" 
]^am. ac i£ hp»t hpetu^ yelbunz^^ t anbib]^»f hehr ^n y^naa. 
Fbpfam** anbibe '^ pppim^' •^epylbe me J?mc|? ^ he pie }% 

*9 rP^J'op poppepen* -3 peah me hcaf ^if ppell 5enp2;^jill. -^ pyncp 

10 me jeno J jehc^* pa&m pe^' a&p paabept : . 

§ IV.y Ac ic ^e halpje^* ^et^® -p- iu me p^^je^^ hp»))ep ?Ju 
pene ^ pa ypelan*^ habban aenij pite vptep ^ppe* populfae.** 
otJSe pa joban*® »nij eblean heopa^^ jobep.** Da tf»y he. pa 
ne paabe ic Ce sep -jj pa jobsm*^ habbi^ eblean hiopa^ S©^" 

2J as^pep Te hep; ^pe on ecneppe. ■] tJa ypelan** eac habbap eblean 
heopa^' ypelep*^® »S?^P S^' ^®P* S* ^ <^^^ ecneppe* Ac ic pdle 
baalan ^aypelan^ t$am ypelum^* nu on tpa»*^ poppampe** (^ 
baal papa ypdwia** h»p9 ece pice, poppam hi nanne milbheopt- 

2^ neppe ne xefl«pnoboni opep b aal pceal b eonfeed aBnpob.** anb H 

7 Boet. lib. iv. prosa 4. — Sed, qusBso, inquam, te, &c. 

» Cott pypfiepcan. « Ne, deest in MS. Bod. « Cott. hiopa. * Cott. 
yphSe l>a yjrlan. » Cott peg. • Cott. Soob. ^ bi*, deest in MS. Cott. 
* Cott punbpie. ^ Cott pophpy. »" Cott bp»m. " cpept; Jju f. 
Da cp©* ic poppam, desunt in MS, Cott " Cott unptnob. " Cott 
gipul. " Cott. sipo. " Cott yplan. " Cott hiopa. " Cott 
Seciefina'5. " Cott soobe. » Cott >8Bm. ^ Cott hplc hpoS^J- 
2> CottJsl&caaS- ^ Cott. poppwm. M Cott poppaan. « Cott 

Sesonsehc «» Cott healpise. «• Cott giet. « Cott pecge. »Cott 
yplan. » Cott. peopnlbe. »® goban, deest in MS. Cott « Cott 
hiopa. « Cott. soobep, » Cott gooban. »* Cott heopa. » Cott 
Soobep. » Cott yjrlan. ^ Cott hiopa. " Cott yjrlep. * Cott 
yplan. <• |>am ypelum, desunt in MS. Cott *' Cott tpua. ** Cott 
Top>iem pe, *• Cott yplena. ** Cottlgeclcpnob. 

Digitized by 


§ IT. BOBTHHrs. ■ 2P 

after this world. Then said I : I cannot deny this. Then 
said be: Therefore the wicked are more nnhappy, because 
their wickedness is undeserredly forgiven them, than they 
are if their wickedness is recompensed according to their 
deserts. Therefore it is right that evil should be inflicted on 
the wicked, and it is wrong that they should be suffered to 
go unpnniahed. Then said I : Who denies this P Then said 
he: No man can deny that everything is good which is right, 
and everything evil which is wrong. Then said I: I am 
very much troubled with this discourse, and wonder why so 
righteous a judge should bestow any unjust gift. Then said 
he : Wherefore sayest thou that ? Then said I : Because 
thou before saidst that he did wrong, inasmuch as he left the 
iricked unpunished. Then said he : That is his glory, that he 
is 80 bountiful, and bestows so abundantly. It is a great gift 
that he waits till the wicked are sensible of their evil and turn 
to good. Then said I : Now I understand that it is not an 
ctenial gift which he gives to the wicked, but is rather the 
delay and waiting of the highest judge. On account of Im 
waiting and forbearance, methinks he is the more despised ; 
and yet this- argument pleases me well enough, and seems to 
Hie like enough to what thou before saidst. 

§ lY. But I beseech thee, now, that thou wouldest tell me 
whether thou- thinkesh that the wicked have any punishment 
after this'woi^d ; or the good any reward for their goodness P 
Then said he: Did. I not say to thee before, that the good 
have reeorapense for their goodness both here and for ever; 
Slid the wicked also have recompense for their evil, both here, 
aiid also for ever ? But I will now divide the wicked from the 
wicked in two parts. For one part of the wicked shall have 
eternal punishment, because they have deserved no mercy ; 
^ the other part shall be deanaed and proved in the 

Digitized by 



y ameneb on Jam^^beop onbcon^jrjjie. n» ^^P b»f rylFop-^ F^P- 
'f am^Tie ha&fj? pime ^eeapnunja'fUiiiepe milblieoptneffe. fop- 
)>am^ he mot cuman aefcep )mm^ eapj:o])um to ecjie ape. Irit 
ic "pe mihte peccan mape.^ seSt'^P S^ ^^ J'am^ jobum.^ ^e be 

Jlwum* yjdum. jip^® ic nu semtan^^ hsepbe. Ac ic onbpa&be f 
ic poplete^* f pit «p »p[;ep appjiiebon.*^ ^ paf -f jnt polbon 
jepeccan f in onjeace ^ ]>a tflan naepbon^^ naenne anpealb.^^ 
ne n»nne peop)>fcipe. ne on hifye populbe.^^ ne on ]y8&pe to- 
peapban. fop)>»m fe ]»uhte «p -p jeallna jSigg a pvpnert -p }ni 

/^penbejr^' f hi h»pbon*® to micelne. "^ -p ealne pex p^gobert^ 
f hi egjgejjfijj* na&pon on pite. "^ ic fe f »be ealne^ peg -f hi 
n»ppe ne bio]y buton pite. ]>eah 5e fpa ne tSmce. Ac ic pat 
tJeaii f |ni pilt fiopan f hi fpalanjne** fyPI^ habbaj> leap** ypel 
to bonne. ^ ic fe f»be ealne pe^; "^ pepyppt bi)) ppi)>e lytle hpile. 

/^anb ic tJe pecje jet.** ppa ppa he lenjpa bif. ppa hi bioJ> unje- 

'. r»L2;pan. f him paepe ealpa msept mipagl} ? y^ f je pyppt pajie 
op bomep b»;. Anb ic ^e psebe eac '^ t& p»pon unjepseli^pan 
0e him unpihthce hiopa vtel lpopbonen p«ne. )K>nne ^a p«peB 
J>e him*' hiopa*® ypel pjhtlice on^eppecen p»pe. tet** hit je- 
2^ bypef -p tJe ^incp f fa oppop^an bip^^ jep»li2pian*i^ Conne** fa 
^epitnoban : • 

§ Y.' Da cp»]> ic. Ne i$inc]> me n»ppe nanpuht ppa po]^hc 

^'.^ppa me pmcp tim'' ppell pa&m timum° * pe ic fa ^ehepe. Ac Jip 

ic me penbe to "Sipep polcep borne, f onne mp hit no "^ an f b 

^^nyllaf fippe iSinpe pace ^elepan. ac hi hit nellaf '^ pupfum ;;e- 

hipan.^^ Da cp»f he. Nip f nan punbop. Pp»t^u papt f fa 

men fe habbaf unhale ea^an. ne maxo OTaLeafe locian onxean 

fa punnan iSonne hio beophtopt^^' ^rcmp rhe pupWrn on p5pc«** 

jg^^ne on nan puht beophtep® hi ne lypt locian. ;^ip re »ppel to 

' Boet lib. iv. prosa 4. — Turn ego, Cum tuas, inquam, &c. 

» Cott >»m. « Cott peoljrop. » Cott pop>8&m. * Cott. pop- 

>»m. » Cott. J»»m. • Cott. meahte mape peccan. ^ Cott. >8Bm. 
> Cott. soobum. 9 Cott. haem. *^ Cott >»p. " Cott. »mertan. 
»* Cott poplnte. " Cott. fpypebon. " Cott naepben. " Cott 

anpalb. »« Cott peopulbe. " Cott penbep. " Cott haejrben. 

" CottTeallnes. • «> Cott. pioFober. " CottteallpeS. " Cott 
eallne. "Cott lonsne. « Cott leape. «* Cott giet. «• % deest 
in MS. Cott « ],e him, desunt in MS. Cott. «« Cott heopa. «• Cott 
Sit. >• Cott bio«. « Bod. et Cott unsersehspan. w Cott Jwnne 
Fonne. " Cott hnca^ >ine. »* Cott tibnm. »» Cott nyllaU. 
* Cott. sehepan. ^ Cott. beoptopt. » Cott opyp. * Cott 



Digitized by 


§ T. BOETHIUS. 205 

heavenly fire, as silver here is, because it has some deserving 
of some mercj, wherefore it maj come after these troubles 
to everlasting honour. Still I could instruct thee more both 
concerning the good and concerning the evil, if I now had 
leisure. But I fear that I should neglect what we were be- 
fore seeking after, that is, that we would argue so that thou 
mightest perceive that the wicked have no power, nor any 
honour, either in this world or in that to come. For for- 
merly this appeared to thee the worst of all things, that thou 
thoughtest they had too much ; and thou always didst lamen t 
that they were not alwayls punished : and I always aaid to 
thee, that they never are without punishment, though it ap- 

Cnot so to thee. But I know, however, that wiou wilt 
tnt that they have so long time permission to do evil ; 
and I have always said to thee, that the time is a very little 
vhile ; and I how say to thee, that the longer it is, the more 
unhappy they are, and it would be to them the greatest un- 
happiness of all, that the time continued till doomsday. And 
I said to thee also, that they would be more unhappy if their 
evil were unjustly passed over, than they would be if their 
evil were justly punished. Yet it so happens that thou 
thinkest those who have impunity are happier than those 
who are punished. 

§ V. Then said I : Nothing ever appears to me so true as 
% argunjents appear to me, at the times when I hear them. 
But if I turn myself to the judgment of this people, they not 
only are unwilling to believe this thy doctrine, but they will 
^ot even hear it. Then said he : That is no wonder. Thou 
kuQffi^t that the men who have unsound eyes cannot very 
,^5ilFlook at the sun when she shines brightest, nor indeed ^ . 
tlo theyTSKbose to look on fire, or on anything bright, •tiMWgb VL 
^he apple of the eye be k£L In like manner the sinful minds ^ 

Digitized by 


206 BOBTHnrs. chap, xxxthl 

/hip. fpa€io]A y& fynnpnllan QQofel ablcnfe mife hiopa^ ypelan' 
piUan. ^ hi ne ma^on ^ojion ^ bobt^ ]>8&pe beophtan Yopfsefc- 
nejxe. "p if r® hehpca pif bom. Ac him htp fpa psem pi^lum. -] 
]»»m biop«iEL )»e ma^on^ bet loctan on mht; tSonne on ba&^.j]e 

J '&aflJBllBpg T^iOTTpa}? hmpa ca^ an. ^ t$8Bpe nihtw {lOjSjift hi 
onJUlif a^. J? op}?y i>enal)^a %bleaban CDob. ^ -p pe po mKjre^e- 

y faelf jJ men reo aJepeb_^ el to bonne, n po b»b him more bicm 

/ unpi^ob. fop]>»m hi ne* lyjr fpipian 8&|t:ep olcpe fpp»ce fpa 
lange 0*5 he f pyht jnton. ac penba]> on hiopa unpihtan'^ pillan 

/0 1 rpyP^S^}' mpcejn J^aem. Dy ic nat hu nyta^ ]m me rnhft &o 
]»8nn bype^om monnrni^. "Se ii»ppe a&)t»p me ne rp]^ia]>. Ic 

/'rapece nieppe to faem^ Ac . ic TTppecc to 'Sq. pop}?»m IST 

/J teonhaft f ^ rPjP»S® »pep nae, -^ rp i}>op rP P^ <^ Y'^ 
]^g^)fi.^DiUieJii bon. Nepecce ic hp»t m beman. Icls&tenn 

//to ^mnm borne ma ]7onne tohiopa. fop]>am hi eaUe loGia]> mib 
^2am^ eajom on y&y eop)»hcan "Sinj. ";] hi him licia)> eaUun^a. 
a&^]iep je on ))»f OOobef eapimt te on fmy hchoman. Ac ^ 
"^j, >^ana hpilum ybercvlrt, mib ^^e eagan on |>a heopenlican pm^ 
^^^;>S5b]&)> pe^^Jiuloca ] r nu '^et on ])af eop]?hcan . pop]>8&m penaf 

j^/) fa b]yTjatf3i bbIc inon pe blmb fpa hi pnt. "^ ^^nan Tnon ne 
ma&;ge' fe^^\^ hi ^epon ne magq^L/^ Dast b^ij if anhecop: fe 
pim i^ilpm ^uiN ial n g illfag&pe xebopen. -| p7a folhce tSionbe^ 
>n eallumtfi^f^"^1 cpa&FEtnBTpa hpile pe hit on cmhthabe 

/ // biol>/* T irarofiy^jla^e j>onnelao'go)>4iab. o]> fe he pyp]> »lcef 

^J ^cp8eit :e £ mefcrne'.' T \onne lyrae a&n hir PM bpeph]^ {ggj^?" 
b»m^^ "^^i Sy^ hhnb. ^ «^ fSBf ODobep eaj^feopfan fpa ab- * 
lenbe f he^^ nanpttht ne^emime fmy 'Oene esj^ie »p jefcah 
o^tJe ^ehqibe. "3 pene feah '^ he pe sslcef tJinjef j^a mebeme 
j^a he ajpemebemap:^^ p»pe\5 penf f 8Bloam men pe n» IT*^ 

^0 him f I. ^ selcum men^ Kncpl ^ rpa n« him pmdt, Jieah }>e" he^ 
"Sonne jrpa "Syp^ pe "p he p»f pena, hpa^fep^lSonne pillon*' 
ealle penan iaf pe he penf. ic peM, f eah f pe njilen.*^ Ac' 

J3 polbe pitan hu pe pviht^ be J>am^^ moimum Se pit^sep cpsebon 

» Cott. betfS. 2 Cott heopa. » Cott. yplan. ♦^tt leoht. » Bod. 
J>a mag. « Bod. et Cott hine. ^ Cott. unnew:aii.\^* Cott nyt. 

9 Cott baem. i« mib o^pe, desunt in MS. Cott i»tJott , 

« Cott bi«. " peop>e, deest in MS. Bod. " Bod. bam. 
hie. *• Cott mebomifc. " pe pm p>a him p. •) »lcum men, desunt 
in MS. Cott " Cott. hnce. " >eah ]>e, desunt in MS. Cott *• Cott 
pillen. «» Bod. nylla«. ^ Cott >»nL I 

Digitized by 




% V. BOETHIUB. \ 207 

are blinded by tbeir evil Will, fiothat they are not awe to be- 
hold the light of bright truth, which ie the highest wisdom. 
But it is with them, as with the birds and the beasts which 
can see better by night than by day. The day blinds and 
darkens their gyeg ^ and the darkness of the night enlightens 
them. Therefore th e blinded midfts think that this is the 
greatest happini^s, that a man shonid be permitted to do evil, 
and his deed should be unpunished. For they are not desirous 
to inquire after every instruction, jmd^ they know what is 
right, but turn to their evil 'will, and /seek after it. There- 
fore I know not to what purpose thou teachest me to the 
foolish men who never id^uire after me. I never speaH to 
them; but I speak to the^, because thou art inclined to seek 
after me, and labourest more in the pursuit than they do. I 
care not what they judge. I approve thy judgment more 
than theirs, for they all look with both eyes, as well with the 
eyes of the mind as with tho^e of the body, on these earthly 
things, which excessiveljj^ygjight them. But tiiou alone 
sometimes lookest with om eye on the heavenly thmgs, cmd 
^th the ottier thou loosest as yet on these earthly things, 
^Porlihe foolish think that every man is m blind as they^ 
*od t hat*iiQ man is able to_6 ee what they cannot " 

Such lolly is most like to tJm : that a child should hfi I 

SSSS^andfull healthy, and so flourishing in all excellence s 

Si^ TOEues . during "nohildhood and afterwards throughout . 
J^thj^that he becomes capable of every art ; and then a little 
^forehis 'middle-age, -^e: should become blind in bo thjejigg^ 
^ d also the eyes of the mind should become so bimd iBd, that 
°^^ remembers nothing which he ever netore liaw or heard : 
Atid nevertheless he should think that he is as capable of 
everything as he ever was wJien most capable : and should 
think that it is with every man as it is with him ; and that it 
seems to every man as it seems to him. But though he were 
BO foolish as to think so, should we alHhink as he thinks ? 
I think, however, that we should not. But / wish to know 
^hat thou thinkest concerning the men of whom we before 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


/ f unc ]>uhce f p»pon^ jnlbiojium jebqian tSonne monnum. Iiu 
* micelne j^ifbom ya, b»fbon.^ me ]yinc]' tSeah f hi naebbs&n' 
na&nne:. -«wiife .fiiJ/e.t«Ee^ 

§ VI.» I ff «e*pQlhe ^ft:*yp efin&n .pma mKn fr-fiaflft.g Ac JC 
JfyB!cf]fif pole bif n)rle* ;rAli>p>^n 7 jiT i|- i|^ t"^^ j;Ap»lA|rpftT> jie 
^ mon pj mp}?.^ gonne l^at^j^^ffl l>e V^^iBUtt' Dapmbpobe ic Jwef 
3 cp»))7 Ic polbe f j)u me jepeajite^m?" bic fpa bion mibce." 
Da cfBdp be. Pp»)»ep ]»u onjitfe f »lc jrpelpiUenbe mon 3 selc 
jrpelpypcenbe n ejitey | ryp^e./l)a cpiej> ic. lienoj fpeocole ic f 
/^onjite. Dst cp»]> be. pu n^if fe ]K>maLe ypelpillenbe anb ypel- 
pypcenbe te j>one un]*cylbaan pitno]?.^^ Da cp»]) ic. 8pa bic ij 
fpa pu fejft.^^ Da cp»)» be. Pp»)>ep ])u pene f )>a fien eajmie 
/S -1 i^J^Xcrs^iS© p« pitef fjfpi§ biof . Da cp»f ic. Ne pene ic bif 
no. ac pac jeapa.^* Da cp»f be. dp fu nu beman mopte." 
/ibp»)>epne polbeft^* p/ ^eman j/itej jpyxiVpt ai' t$e ]K>ne un- 
rcvlbxan^ ^ pefioSe. fa^one pe f pitefolobe.*** Da cp»t$ ic. Nif 
/yv lebc. ic polbe beloan l>aey ]>e gasp unfcylbi^ paspe. anSlhenan 
/ j?one^^ }>e bine twQbe .'^ Da cpasl? he. Donne l?e l>inc^ re 
'} eapmpa pe f fpeLbep. Sonne pe]?e bic papa]>. Da cp»]> ic. Deep 
^i? ic jelepe -p te »l/iinpibc pitnun^ pie paep ypel fe bic bej>. naf 
])sep pe bit l^apal^. poppam^^ hip ypel bine ^ebef eapmne. ;) ic 
onjite f f ip ip yfpf e^^ pibc pacu f J?u nu pecpt. 3 ppife anlic 
}>»m J)e t5u »ii pebtept.*' ac ic pat )>eab -f pyp** polce ppa ne 
J>incJ> : • / 
2/J § VII .^ 3Da cpa&J) be. pel pu bit onjicpt. Ac |?ah?inxepa|' 
l?intiap nu yhpilum pa&m tSe l»ppan peappe abton. ymp ^p jiiJi 
J>e^ J>»p man Jplap? ^ ne" fm^aj? jiiun*® pe. J Jxel bpj. ' Jjem 
peepe ma^e ^eapjF' f ® P^^ cppe unpcylbije ypela]?.*'' jjiun mon 
^^ fynjobe/to J?am* picmn*. ;j b»be -^ bim*® mon SfSe ppa micel 
yo pireTparbi tJam'^ oppum unpcylbejum bybon. ppa ppa pe poca I 

* Boet. lib. iv. prosa 4. — ^Nam ue illad quidem, &c. 
^ Bo|gt. lib. iv. prosa 4. — ^Atqui nunc, ait, contra f aciant, &c 
» Cott. paepen. « Cott. hnpben. » Cott. nnbben. * Cott. pet. 
» Cott/ n>i>e [iihce paca. • Cott. nde. » Cott. sdypan. • Cott 
pitna-S. » Bod. sepehtept. w Bod. hi. " Cott. meahee. " Cott 
picna-S. " Cott r»Srt. " Cott. seape. " Bod. moptopt. »• Ck>tt 
polbef. " Bod. nonepcvlbgan. »» Cott >olabe. w Bod. Jwnnc. 

» Cott y):lobe. «» Cott j:opJ>»m. " Bod. ppa. «» Cott peahtep. 
2* Cott >ip. » ]>e, deest in MS. Cott « Cott. >»m. «» Cott yjiatJ. , 
2«Cott>»m. »Bod.J?amt. « Cott >»m. 

Digitized by VjOOQ iC 


§ VI. ni. BOBTHiirs. 209 

said, tliat ifc appeared to us that they were more like wild 
beasts than men ? How much wisdom had they ? Metbinksy 
however, they have nonez-^ ^^.^ 4^tS£i^ 

§ YI. I would now nfwi to thee nlitt ^ ^cpBer v atiea , but I 
know that this people will not believe it : that is, that those 
j^mons whom men injure are happier than those are who 
mjure them. Then wondered I at this, and said: I wish 
that thou wouldest explain to me how it can be so. Then 
said he : Dost thou understand that every evil-willing man 
and every evil-doing man is deserving of punishment ? Then 
said I : Clearly enough I understand that. Then said he : 
Is he not then evil-willing and evil-doing, who injures the 
innocent ? Then said I : So it is as thou sayest. Then said 
be: Bost thou think that they are miserable and unhappy, 
^'ho are deserving of punishment ? Then said I : I not only 
think it, but know U very well. Then said he : If thoa wert 
iiow to judge, which wouldest thou judge more deserving of 
punishment, him who injured the innocent, or him who 
suflered the injury ? Then said I: There is no comparison. 
1 would help him who was innocent, and oppose him who 
injured him. Then said he : Then, in thy opinion, he is more 
Qiiserable who does the evil, than he who suffers it. Then 
said I: This I believe, that eveiy unjust punishment is the 
evil of him who inflicts it, not of him who suffers it ; there- 
fore his evil makes him miserable. And I perceive that this 
18 a very just observation which thou now makest, and very 
agreeable to those which thou madest before ; but I never- 
theless know that this people will not think so. 
, § VII. Then said he : Thou understandest it well. But 
t^dvocates nowadays plead for those who have less need of if. 
They plead for those who are injured, and do not plead for 
those who do the injury. It were more needful to those who 
injure others who are innocent, that some one should plead 
for them before the magistrates, and pray that as great hurt 
^ight be done to them, as they had done to other innocent 
pet^sons. As the sick man has need that some one should 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


/ ah )wappe f hme mon Issbe to ]yam^ Isece. f he hif tdije. j^a 
ah fe fe' -JJ ^pd be|>. JJime mon l» be to fam^ p icmp ^,moa 
J^aeji mag! 
;^1 pe 

,<ppii}>ft -p Jin^ir hetp^ jp mion vnete Iwne rtvlbitan.^ t ic recg . 
■ p potrojig j pyi^ jie|b^e'^ naalian ne |>am^ rctlbixan»^ ne |>am^* 

/ je himtope^tonffl^. gip hi pa&r pilma]? f him hiopa^^ jrpel mi» 
^eggp jre oe p»f jyltef anbepne. Ac ic pat pp f* [tJ^lbijaS^ 
s&ni^e reeaTican pifbomef h»pbon^' "^ be ssn^^am b»le on- 

/^jptan.^* pmmEtan** faiopa fc^lba Jmphf* pite^' ^d>etaii. pe 
hun hefi on pojmlbe^^ on become. "Sonne nolbon hi na cp^wn 
f hit pospe pit». ac polbon cpnpan f hit p»pe hiopa^ *^ clnn* 

''.; fon^. ";] heopa bgj^pim;;* "} nolbon n»nne pm ^epe recan> *^ ac 

/>irlufthce hi pokon. l»tan & picairhie tiic^ asftep hiopa 

IJf apmm pillan. foppaem ne ycyle nan pif man nBanne maiman 
hatian. ne hata^ nan mon: pone ^oan. bucon fe eAlpa*'*^ oypB* 
^Ofta?^ ne "^ mp nan piht:^ mon pone-j^elan hatije; ac hicif 

' pihtpe ^ag£^m,mon milbpje.** f ly ponne hiopa mdbfunj^ 4 
mon ppece hiopa unpeapap .be hiopa yepynhtum.^^ Ne rc^g ' 

SO'nxn mnn pgfmft nfiffTTiq^^^ fe^^P^^bTifi^^ ]]pencan. ac hme E^ 
pceolbe^^ l»ban to t5am^^ laece f he hip tilTje. Da pe ^ipbom 
pa. t$ip ppell a|ieaht hsspbe. ^a on^n he ept pn^an -j pop 


X4f § l?jt^Rpf rfbpepe je: eoppu ClDob mib impihtneTgon Me 

3,^ jjaj;pa J^a ^ojiijanbe J3ij5»^ oSSe pop lipy afSffcS^ 

eopeppe.pjTibe f hio nan ^ep^b nah. ot$t$e hpi ne ma^^^ 

jebiban^ jecjubelioq* beat$ep. nu* he eop »lce b»x^topeafiber, 

ODjat. ppi ne ma^n je S^poii f he pp^ap sBlce bee;^ aofsmt 

^mi^lumv 3 fl^ptep: biopum. ';} aeptep monnnm. ^ nej^j^^^M^ 

^ Boet lib. iv. metram 4.^Quid tantos juvat exeitare motas, &c. 

1 €k)tt; p»iii. « pe, deest in MS. Cott » Cott. >«m. < Cott. 

mqrcyllisaii. s Cott betqie. « Cfett: pcyibsan; ^Bod. bypse^ 
« Cott >»m. » Cott. pcylbgan. »« Cott. pa&m. " Cott heopa. 
»2 Cott jcylbsan. " Cott hajben. " Cott onseacen. " Cott . 
meahten. » Cott pupg. "^ Cott t pte. " Cott peopulbe. "Cott 
heopa. «o Cott Sepecan. «» Cott ealliia. ^ Cott bypgopta. «» Cott 
nultpise. •* Cott unpyphtum. «* Cott. pcyle. ■• Bod. monna. 


y Google 

iir BOEacniUB. 211 

Imd him to th6 pbysician, that he may cure him ; so has he 
vi'ho does eyil^ that some one should lead him to the magis- 
trates, that they may. cut off and burn his Ticesj Ldo. not 
say that it is wrong' that men should help the innocent, and 
Mend him 4 hut I say l^at it is better*that we should accuse 
theguilfcy ; and I say that the defence doea 119 j s pnd either to- 
the guilty ontoThim who pleads for] himi if thev wish that 
tbeir evil should not^:be punished in proportion to. its guilt. 
But I know that if the guilty had any spark of wisdom^ and 
in any measure- knew- that they might make amends for their 
ccimes by punie^ment^ which came, upon- them here in this 
^^d, then they would, not say that it was punishment, but 
would say that it. was their purifieation. and their amend* 
uifflit; and would. seek no advocate, but they would cheer* 
.fu!l][ suffer the-magistratds to punish them according to their 
i^ii will: •* Hence no wise man ought. to hate* any one. No 
one hates^the good, eaasept ^themost foolish of all.. Nor is-it 
light, that we: hate the wicked; but it is more right that we 
^ay© mercy on. him: This, then is mercy to them, that we 
punish their vices according to their deservings. No one 
ou^t to affictaaick person who is troubled; but we should 
jflad him to a phyvicias , that, he may cure him. When Wisdom 
liad fiaished thia diaeouniej. then began.he again to .aing, and 


§ I* Whsbsfobb ve£>ye your minds with evil. hatred, as 
J^vea through the wind agitate the- seap Or wherefore. up»- 
^d ye your: fortune, that she has^ no; powerf Or why 
jaanot ye wait'fornatural death, when he. every d^ haatens 
r-yg ardsyq ^? Why cannot ye obeerve mat- he seeks every ' 
% after birds, and after beasts, and after men, and forsakes'' 


Digitized by VjOOQ iC 


/t rpag^ 8&P lie ;i;ei»hl> "p f he aBccen rpvnel?. ^a^apaf Iwnmxe - 
ragLp^an menn ne ma|on ybibon hponiie hg Tiinry fcn f^yrmt. ac 

$a {gnrceota|> hine fopan. fpa rpa jlbe beoa, pi]lna|> oJ>ep to ac- 
pellenne. Ac hit n»pe no manna nyht f hiopa s&m^ opepns 

J^pobe. Ac -p pi»pe p^ht. -p hion a a&lcmilbe o]>num eblean adce^ 
peopcer gften hif jejr^htum. f if y mon lufobe f one ^oban. 
fpa 17a pihc If f mon bo. ^ milbp^e J>am ;^elum. fpa pe »|i 
cp»bon. lupe ]x>ne man. ^ hatije hif un]>eapaf . ceoppe hun op 
fpa he fplwft maej :• . 

10 § 11.^ Da he ]ya ]yif leo]> afunjen ha&pbe l>a feeypeo^obe^ he 
ane hpile. Da cpaej? ic. Nu ic onjice openhce 'f f 10 f ope je- 

y^f8BlJ> rt ey on tobna monnatte eannuna^a. ^ po impselp fcenc 
on ypeljui monna ^e eapnunpim. Ac ic pec^e jet f me ne 
pmcp nauht Ifcel 2;ob^ ^iff^f anbpeapban hpep jefa&lpa. ne eac 

/^nauhc lytel jrp el hif un jef aelpa. pop))»m ic nasirne ne ^epeah ne 
?;;ehypbe naenne pifne mon 'pe ma polbe bion pnecca. . '^•fe a pm. 7 

8ell?iobix.^ T ponrepen. gonne pelg. ^ p eo p^.- j pice, monemawie 
on hir ^num gipbe . ponl?a&m hi recxat>* TjiTmigge n^ W^<fl> 
/>^ hiopa ^bome^ulg&i "] nine jehealban, jip hiopa anpealb bi^ 
30 pulhce opep 'ppoic pe him imbep bip. "3 eac on^ pumum bale 

^ maej. bip pmle piter yyppe. 'jie on piffe j^jiulbe. je on Jwpe 
topeapban. Ac ic punbpije ppipe jjnl'bce pop hpi hit ppa pent 
fpa hit nu opt bep. "^ if ^ mifthci pita^^ -| mani^ealbe^' 
eappopa^® cumap to Oam^® jobum ppa hi to J>am*® ypelim 
fceolbon. 3 5a job'^ pe fceolbon bion eblean jobum monnum 

5^ jobpa peopca. cumap to ]^plum monnum. poppaem ic polbe 
pitaifc nu a&t ]>e hu pe hcobe f jeppixle. Ic hip punbpobe nude 

J>« fy Iw* Jip ic piffte** f hit peaf jebypebe buton Dobef pillan 3 

Jf8 buton hif jepicnepfe. Ac fe a&lnuhtija^^ Ik)b hajyp jeeceb 

*^ Boet. lib. iv. prosa 6. — ^Hic ego, video, inquam, &c. 

» Cott. sen^Sobe. « Cott. soob. » CotftelbsJlaJU * CJott. f»sa«. 
» hi m»seia desunt in MS. Bod. « Cott. |>e. ' Cott be. . » Cott 
biotJ ymbu^m. » Cott. f op|>»m. »• Cott m^Sen. " Cott^yph»*"- 
" Cott sooban. " Cott sooba. »< CotU ]mm, " Bod. yjd. >• Cott 
mif hcu ptu. *f Cott mam^ealb. " Cott, eapf o|>u. >* Cott 

>8&m. «»CottJ)»m. "Cott soob. " Cott piffe. «Cott 

Digitized by 


§n. BOETHiirs. * 213 

so track till he seizes that which he pursues P Alas ! that 
unhappy men cannot wait till he comes to them, but antici- 
pate him, as wild beasts wish to destroy each other ! But it 
would not be right in men, that any one of them should hate 
another. But this would be right, that every one of them 
should render to another recompense of every work accord- 
ing to his deserts ; that is, that one should love the good, as 
it is right that we should do, and should have mercy on the 
wicked, as we before said ; should love the man, and hate his 
Tices ; and cuTthem off, as we best may. 

§ II. When he had sung this lay, then was he silent for 
some time. Then said J ; JNow J clearly understand that true 
happiness is founded on thedesfi rvinga^^g^^^^ p**Tlj and misery 
is founded on the deservmgs of wicked men. But I will yet 
say that methinks the happiness of this present life is too little 
good, ar{d its unhappiness no little evil. For I never saw nor 
heard of apy wise ilian who would rather be an exile, and 
miserable, and foreign, and despised, than wealthy.^ and bonojur- 
able, and powerful, and eminent in his own country. For tbey 
?»y thatj tjiey can t he better fi^lfirtheirwisdom, and observe 
% iftheirpowerbe ample overthelieopltJ that are under them, 
8nd also in some measure over^th^e who arein t^o^^gjgb" 
bourWj round ^ou^j^them, b««2S^ they ag om b te t o]?^picaa 
the wiefeed, and ^roomote the ^ood> For the good is always 
to be honoured, ooib m this present life and in that to come ; 
*ud the wicked, whom man cannot restrain from his evil, is 
always deserving of punishment, both in this world and in 
that to come. But I very much wonder why it should so fall 
out, as it now often does ; that is, that various punishments 
a^id manifold misfortunes come to the good, as they should to 
the wicked ; and the blessings which should be a reward to 
good men for good works, come to wicked men. Therefore I 
^ould now know from thee, how that course of events were 
approved by thee. I should wonder at it much less, if I knew 
that it happened by chance, without God's will, and without 
^ia knowledge. But the Almighty God has increased my 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 




f mmne eje '^ mine papin^a mib tJifpun ]>inpitn. ]:op]>sem he 

hpilum felf 6aRq'8el]>a ^m^obum.^ •] yxm ^mn unrael]WL. 

fpa hit piht p»pe ^ he pmle* b]^be. hpilum he efc ^e}iapa^ f fa 

joban* habba]y unfself^ Tj gn^el imp on msenejium fmjum. 3 tia 

^y]:elan faabba^ne]*»l]7a. "fnim jelimp))* ope a&ptrep hiopa ajnran 

pillan. ]>y ic ne mse^ nan opep ^el^encan. bnton hit peaf ppa ^e- 

b^juje. buton tu me jet ^ j^epceabhcop o}>ep jepecce. i)a 

anbfpapobe he Jmbe lonj '^ cpsB]). Nrp hit nan punbop "Seali 

hpa pene "p pp^lcep hpaet* unmynbhnja jeb^ije.^ ]>onn e he ne 

/ ^an^ onxitan i jepeccan pop hpi tiob ppyl^ jefapaf . Ac'liu ne 

// T^calt no jpeo^m? f ppa job^® rceoppenbiipe albenb^^ eallpa^e- 

' i rcea]t:aj iindice,p ceop^^ ea31 'p he rceop. "■;) pjriice bemf ;] 

c*' wJlep. feahfunfterop hpi^* li pp*^ ■] ] 

II« Da he ga }>irTpe] 

unlaepebjia ne punbpap 

Si, huhe »lce baej utoi 

^fj^SLXie punbpajT^ 

Conne rume habbai 

ppa f)0 : - 
pftht^^ h»ybe« t$a ongan he prnjan 

f'fpobepe]- laspelber i 

^bhiT^ttS ealne ^ipe 

j;e~ru gae tung;lnj iabtw^ 

J 77a rpa tnnpdn habto| > 

op fy TiThabbaf ppa pcepptne ;^bh- 

ZO KQiptj popfi hFpnt fpffheyh^-Kam nop}> enbe )?aepet^axe^ fe eaU 

]>er~pbbop on hpeppp^otSSe hpa ne papap J?»p. buj&n t5a' ane J>e 

hit piton. ^ pmnc^TOn jlu habba]> lenjpan VmDhpyppt. fonne 

x'3 pome habb^irrii^a lenjeptne ]?e jm b_pa'pMLxe nubbepeapbe 

hpeappa))^m«[ nu fedfeier 6et>. "jSatnpnup pe pteoppa. ne cymf 

J^)»8&p aftp ymb J^pittij pmtpa fatp he yp paepi Qt$t$e^pa d£ 

jm6pal> "Sesp ^ mme rteonnan ^i^fcajifnyiSAp jia p5¥^. ppa jpa 

punie men pena]) 'P p^o_ runne bo "Sonne hio to petle jaej). Ac 

hio ne hip t$eah fy neap ]>8ene paa ];e hio bi)' on niibiie b«^. 

*' ^Ppa ne pap]? gasp 1$o nne pejpilla mona pjrpj?']^eptogen nub 

J()' ^io[tTniiP . oi5Se ett ^ ^a Tteonnarifiicina}ybeE^^^ jmTn'j^r^Tmaii. 

•]^ '^ jjccma]? beponan b ag nie punnan Ttli rep lifj fein bpia[? T mapigL 

Jryllioep. ^ ne piinbpiad'na*pteTnS!r^kiie cpuca puhta habbaf 

n ngalne T imn^tne anban betpuh him. 096e hpi ne pimbpiap 

m }>»p y tilC h]»llnm jjimpap . hpilum na ne on^b. o^tSe epc je- 

j/pmnep p». "3 pinba. "ff^Bkr] lanbep. oSt$e hpi -p^r peon]>e n epc 

« Boet lib. iv. metrum 5. — Si quia Arctori sidera nescit, &c 

» Cott. soobum. 2 Cott. pymle. « Cott. gooban. * Cott lunp«. 

» Cott sehpa&t. • Cott. Sebepige. f Cott. con. « Cott. pop hpy 

ppylc liob. » Cott on tpiogan. »» Cott goob. " Cott jjalbenb. 

" po>t Jl^ep^ecm. " Cott pelt. *< Cott. hpy. " Cott. apeahc. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


§ ni. BDETHITJS. 21 

fear and my astonishment by tbese tbings. For be Bome- 
times gives felioities to tbe good, and infelidtiy to tbe wicked, 
as it were right that be always did. SometimpB again he per- 
mits that the good have infelicities and misfortunes in many 
things ; and the wicked have happiness, and it frequently 
happens to them according to their own de«re. Hence I 
cannot think otherwise but that it so bappens'by chance, un- 
less thou still more rationally show me the contrary. Then 
answered he, after a long time, and said : It is no wonder if 
any one think that something of this kind happens unde- 
signedly, whe ^ he cannot understa nd and explain wherefore 
God so permits. ~ Bui thou oughtest not to doubt that so good 
a creator and governor of all tbings, rightly made all that he 
has made, and rightly judges and rules it all, though thou 
hiowest not why he so and so may do. 

§ III. When he had made this speech, then began he to 
sing, and said : Who of the unlearned wonders not at the 

volves about all this middle-e^hP^^irwho wonders not 
that some stars have a shorter aSSS^tHan others haye^a^s^ ^\^^At a 

ich we call tbg waggon's shafts ? Thd 

course of the sky, and its swiftness ; how it every day re- 
"1 this middle-e^hR.^Oirwho 
have a shorter aSSm 

short a *lSS«, because they are so near the north end of the 
axis, on which all the sky turns* Qr who is not astonished 
at this, except those only who kdow it, that- somejtaEs have 
a longer circuit than others havo^andji^se the longest which 
revolve midward about the axis, asJjBoStes does ? And that 
the star Saturn does not come where it before was till about 
thirty winters ? Or who wonders not&t this, that some stars ^ 
^dgp art under the sea., as some men think the sun does when 
she sets ? But she nevertheless is not nearer to the sea than 
she is at mid-day ! Who is not astonished when the full m nan 
Jjcc gered over with darkness ? or ae^ain^ that thestars shine 
J^fiJ Q^SUhe moon, and do not shine before th e..aia f At ttifs 
and many a like thing they wonder, and wonder not that men 
and all living creatures have continual and useless enmity 
^ith each other. Or why wonder they not at this, that it 
aometimes thunders, and sometimes begins not ? Or, again, 
at the strife of sea and winds, and waves and land ? or why 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 




; fop ]»»pe puma f ciman to hif ajniun ^ec^nbe peop]>e. Ac f 
un^eftaB^tSije folc punbpa]> f »r fe hit felbort^xe nhK tSeah hit 
leejje punbop pe. 3 pena]) f * ne^ pe ealb jef ceaft. ac'pe j>eiqf 
jepoplsen nipane. Ac t$a ^>gTO npet»] t|eopne peonWp onpnnaf 

^ )>onne leopnian. ti^ him JjoARbnit op pam loob e •pTb^JX j S hit 
»p mibibj^pppisen pef . Sonne ne'*pimbpia]> hi no fdajisef )>e 
hi nu pimbpia]) * • 

§ IV/ Da pe f^ifbom ]?a ])if leo]> apin^en hepbe. tSa ^e- 
pmjobe he anelytlehpile. Dacp»]>ic. 8pahit ip ppa tSu pe^pr.' 

/J Ac ic polbe ^et f )ni me hp»t hpe^' openhcop jepeahce^ be 
]>»pe ppan )>e min ODob ppi^opt jebpepeb h»ff, -^ ip f ic t$e asp 
Jmb acrabe^ pop}»am hit peep pimble* jet fm jepuna -p iSu 
polbept »lcum QDobe bijlu tSm; ts&can j pdbcu)>e:*^ Da 

/^onjan he rmeapciaa 3 cp»)) to me. D u] ppenpt^ me.oa.j5a 

/i'meptan p£p»ce 3 on ^a eappn|>ept^ ^o ^epeccenne. }» pacfe 

con . 3 unea]>e 

fohton &me n]>pitan 3 p^ 

»mj com to enbe faepe pppfiecc'^opj^am* hit ip ^eef ]y8&pe 
/^ ppjiaBce 3 t$»pe apcunje,^ f te pimle** ^ogp^ t(«p aa^^ 
/J 9pabon bib. )>onne bi]>t$8&p unni m aptypeb. ppa ppa g 
? ^ rrdlrm Pnl'^r ' g Jm n»bpe p»pe ge tof^ff "j;^"!' 

pmleJ;* tip mon^ fi a hpih\ jMajkL " l^om^^ peoxon ] 

op j>am^* jfoamJimi^. t?<0^^ebe^^ hit Jwt fe&p domj;^. 
li T ]^pein»naj€ncnlu'r' rfoV pe^ jjsruobfer pmu. ]« n^j pihte he xe - 

>encan hn he hi mib - » | |i K W opencuman^rceolbe. aBu W 

^.f ni 'bftPg&j i; mift piba i^j y^-i^nbepnbe^^ t$a mibmjie. SSgl^JJ^ 

"girre rpniece te t$u m e aBptep ppcapc.^ ^ unea]>e hype cym)) a&m^ 

mon op. ^ip he »pept 
JS enbe. baton he ha&bbe 
.0 pe t5e jrob ^ " 

JO anpealbCT ^nerceaponx rfObe]-. n hp»t Fmb ne. 1 1 

bypije. 3 hpet pe jobcunb anbjit. T Xobcunb pnetiohhnny . 

rceapptanbget'^ ppa ^M p* popjwun 

\ ymb "P ycian^ ile. ne pceai a&pept pitan ^fcpast pie po 

IbCT ^nerceaponx rfObef. 3 hpaBt^mb pe. l.hpaBt peap je- 

je. 3 hpet pe jobcunb anbjit. T Xobcunb pnetiohhnny . 

anb hp»t monna ppeobom pe. Nu gu miht on^itan. hu hepij 

93 j| hnt geantol>e* ^ ^ip ip eall to jepeccanne. Ac ic pceal ]7eah 

' Boet lib. iv. prosa 6.— Ita est, inquam, &c. 

» ue, deest in MS. Bod. et Cott « Cott. potspt. 

isoet. lib. iv. prosa 6. — Ita est, inquamf &c 

» ue, deest in MS. Bod. et Cott « Cott. pstspt. * Cott. hpusiu 

* Bod. Sepehtept. » Cott pymle. • Cott pelbcu'S. ' CottTj^^BHia^ 

* '^^tt ronbmn. • CotL arcnnirn. i« Cott rvmli^. " Cott p»S^. 

' Cott pOp|>»m. - ^^vi. aj^tui, 

« Cott nison. " Cott pymle. 

• Cott apciuis». ** Cott pynue. •• vyow. pojo. 
s n«*f •jr^.i^ 14 Cott hpelcT opplffi " Cott 

t. popbaepnbe. "Cott. aqvpt. 

^* Cottteanrobe. 

" Cott. 

]>(em. " Cott gebepebe^ vw. |.«^j>il^«^j.uv/«^. 

»» Cott cem«. «• Cott anbsic «» CottI|eappo>e. 

Digitized by 


§ IT. BOETHIUS. 217 

ice is formed, and again bj the sbining of the sun returns to 
its own nature?.. fut the inconstant people wonder at that 
which it most seldoiA sees, though it be less wonderful ; and 
thinks that that is^fiot the oldjyeatiQn^ but has by chance 
newly happened.' ' But they who kre very inquisitive and en- 
deavour to learn, if Gk)d removes from their mind the foUy 
with which it was before covered, then will they not wonder 
at many things which they now wonder at. 

§ lY. When Wisdom had sung this lay, then was he silent 
a little while. Then said I : So it is as thou sayest. But I 
am still desirous that thou wouldest instruct me somewhat 
more distinctly concerning the thing which has chiefly troubled 
my mind, that is, what I before osked thee. For it was always 
hitherto thy wont that thou wouldest teach every mind ab- 
struse and unknown things. Then began he to smile, and 
said to me : Thou urgest me to the greatest argument, and 
the most difficult to explain. This explanation all philoso - 
fhero have sought, and yery diligently laboured about, and 
BC^i^Ely any one has come to the end of the discussion. For 
it is^e nature of the discussion and of the inquiry, that 
always when there is one doubt removed, then is there an 
innumerable multitude raised. So men in old tales say, that 
there was a serpent whichh ad nine heads, a nd wheneveT fliay 
^fi-ofJJi fim was cS ^oSjtberL grew tBereleven_ frQmthat one 
hfiad, Thep'jhappened it tliat the celebrated Hercules came 
there, wh'cT was the son of Jove^ Then could not he imagine 
how he by any art might overcome them, until he a^rrQunde4 
them wif,{^ T?^4i ^^^ ^^^^ burned ^Aem . JSo-is this 
argument which thou askest about : with difficulty co jies any 
man out of it, if he enter into it He neyei^ comes to a clear 
end, unless he^ have an understandiujar as sharp as the fire. 
For he who will inquire concerning this ought first to know 
what the simple providence of God is, and what fate is, and 
what happens by chance' and what the divine knowledge is, 
and tlie divine ^bredeBtinatioD^ and what the freedom of men 
^8. Now thou fflfljrtst perceive how weighty and difficult all 
this is to explain. But I will nevertheless endeavour to 

Digitized by 



/ hp»t bfe^^ hif on^nan ]»e to tsecanne. popjom^ ic habbe on- 

^iten f hit ij* fpife micel lecebom tSinpe fopse* 2»F f^ P'F^ 

auhc on^tfc. tSeah hit me laD^ to Is&penYie pe. f opfraem lut if 

neah Jraepe tibe 6e ic jetiohhob h»pbe on ot^eniwonc tolymme . 

^3 jet naebbe tSij* jebon. t ine ^intp eac 'g |)u Tft^^y ^f^ 

hpe^unjef'.anb tejfencenfcotaslenxe )?ar lanxan rpiy . nwlce 

tJe nu lyjte leo)>a.* ic pat eac '|? tSe heona^ lyrt.> Ac gu fce^ 

])eahfe;e]?oliftn pinne hpile. ic ne mej hit nu fpa hpa^ afmjan. 

5 nel aamtan^ nabbe. pop]>8ain hit if jppe louj fpell. Ba cpse]? ic. 

10 Co nw&)>ep fu pille I • ^ , 

§ V.K Da on^on he fppecan fpi||eTyeoTin ^ 1^V>w>^iM> j^^Mi 

/Z he na ))a fpptece ne m»nbe. *} tiohhobe hit l^^'h^^VJ^^ 

"3 cpee]>. galle^ ji^ercesiga, ^efepenbce anb ungefejI&ahJfb? jtiUn 

■] unftillu^® onpop ast J>Km jtillan.^^ ^ j»t ]iam]^eft»}>]n2an. ;j 

I /^»t fam^^ anpealban IfObe. enbebypbnejye. i yanbphtan. J^ 

met^nn^e . "^ pophpsom hit ppa jepceapen pasp. pop]nein he J«c 

fr J>y^' he jepceop eall f he ^pceop. nip him nan puht^* unnyt 

feep tSe he gepceop. Selrob punalrnmle^^ on fmjie hean ceafgi g 

hip anrealbnerre Tbiremtnepre. tSonan he baal]? manexa n mto^ 

\ 20hce^*T Xemen;^^3^ eallum hir xerceaptum. anb fonon^^ he pete 

eallpa. Ac y. ^ te pe hata]) IiobeiLpop^cM ac ^ hi)f pQgg^^gyz. 

f bif. t$a hpile J>e hit f aep mib hmfDlpr Sa lip GOobe. aspjiam^ 

^e hit jeppemeb'peop^. t$a hpile ]>e hit je]H>ht b^. Ac ptStSon 

hit pullppemeb bip. "Sonne hataf p e hit yi]ib. Be J^y^msQ aslc 

^/mon pitan ♦p hi^® pmt SB^fep te tpe!g ; en naman , je^ft^ffij.* 

|i coT^e]>onc 1 pyp&. Seffopejyon^ i r no xobcu nhe 'mt ^Kfnnut ^ 

** pia jp paept og^ftoirhean reeoppenbe^^ ^ eaUlTpBlieiJBb hu i 

jepeopfan pceel a&p s&p hit jepeopj^e. Ac ^ ^gfe j jjipb Jii^ .f 
bi^ Ijobep peqpc )4 he selce bm^ TYJ^^^p- s^^pl^ yBsr fefep^ 
^P feof. je J^aep }« up ungepepenhc bif, Acpe jobcunbdfgoji^imj. 
i^ea^tepat^, ealie jer^^®*}** "^hi^ne moto n toplnp an op heapA 
enSebypbneppe,*^ ftp pypb^ nne baelji eallam ge pccaptum ffl^ 
I $$ ^tan. ^tjtopa,.,-] Tjto/ j^' ^emetgunga ^ "Ac fid pypb cjl^of 

» Boet. lib. iv. proaa 6. — Tom vdat ab alio orsa principio, &c 

1 Cott. hpnsu. 2 Cott. ropJ>»in. » Cott. hpusununsep. * Cott 

ho>a. » Cott. hiopa. « Cott. nmettan. ' c^tt polbe. • Cott. 

edla. ' Cott. sepq'enhca anb un^epepenlica. ^^ Bod. Inlle *] uDjnfle. 

" Bod. unptillan. « Cott. J>8&m. " Cott. hpy. " Cott pihc 

" Cott pymle. >« Cott. mipleca. " Cott )>onan. " Cott wpjwm. 

" Bod. et Cott hit. «• Cott jnncg. «» Cott pceppenbe. " Bod. 


Digitized by 



§ T. . BOETHItrS. 219 

teach thee a little of it, beeause I have conceived it to be a 
very powerful remedy for thy sorrow, if thou learn something 
of tkfiwthough it be long for nje^Qjf ach. For it is near the 
time when I had intended to iipRother work^ and I have not 
yet finished this : and methinks, too, thou art rather weary, 
and these long discoarses appear to thee too leugthy^ so that 
thou-art now desirous of wy songs. I know, too, that .they 
give thee pleasure. But thou must nevertheless bear voith 
me for some time. I cannot so readily sing it, nor have I 
leisure, for it is a very long argument. Then said I : Do as 
tbou wilt. 

§ Y. Thei} ^gftTi hfi to speak very far about, as if he 
intended not that discourse, and nevertheless approached 
tbitherward, and said: All creatures visible and invisible, 
Btill and moving, receive from the immovable, and from the 
steadfast, and from the singly-existing God, order, and form, 
and measure; and therefore it was so "ordained, because he 
knew wherefore he made all that he made. Nothing of that 
which he hae created is useless to him. God dwells alwajrs 
in the high city of his unity and simplicit v. Thence he dis- 
tributes many and various measures to all his creatures, and 
thence he governs them all. But that which we call God's 
pyvidence and foreknowledge , is such while it is with him, in 
Ms mind, before it is fulfilled, fl«i so long as it is designed; 
hat after it is fulfilled, then we call it fat e. Hence may every 
man know that these are both two names, and two things, 
Pfovidennft ftnd fidj^p. Providence is tha ^jvyqir intelligence ^mi I 
>rnich 18 tixed in the high Creator) wholoreknows all, how it 
shall come to pass, before it happens. But that which we 
gilfetg , ia God^s work which he every day works, both what |] 1 1 1 
Je Bee,^and what is invisible to us. But the divine provi« 
qence reatmi nB aU creatures, so that they cannot slip from 
tneir order. TVtte, then, distributes to all creatures, forms, 
^ place?, and timee, and measures. But fate comes from 

Digitized by 




pHAP. xrxrL 

/lynV gepitte ^ op }»am^]:ope}>once faBf aslnuhtijan* Cobef. ye 
' pypcf 8&pcep hip unarectenblicmiffc o}ief>oac e ]K)nne' ppa hpaw 
, ppa he* pile : • 

§ yi.!" 8^^ rpa g lclcpaftf^ff a ^enc|? 7 meapca}> % pgopr. on 

JiiLCOsb& »p a&p ne it pypce. "3 pypcf fiSt$an eall. Jjiop panb- 

pienbe pypb fe pe pypb hatab. p»p]> a&ptep hip fopefoiice. 3 

«ptep liip jefeahte. ppan^Bi h^tiol^^ f hit pie. ]>eah hit uf 

mani;gi:ealbhc tSince. pum ^ob.^ pumype^hit ip ]>eah him anpealb 

joS^popfan? he hit eall to jobum enbk bpingjj.^ 3 pop jobe* 

/O bef eall p -p he bef. 8i]^an^ hit hata]? 

pophc bi|?. aep hit pa&p Ijober^on el>onc i J 

pypb he tSonne y^cf\ otStSe fmff'os, ^oba 

monna papla. ohie ^ph ofenjui ^epceap 

penep tun^. offe iugh^afm pcucc^iu^ 

//hpilum Jmph an y^tai. bpili 

/^ cuf. f f pio gobcunbqroTl»teohEtt£x ip a nrealb i .anapenb^blic." / 

3 pelt alcg;^ pinjer/Cnbebypblice. anb eaU fantrobiwi^ . tium?^ 

)>inj ]K)nne on ^pfe populbe^* pnt unbejipieb j^spe p^be. pume 

hipe nane^* pjiSt unbepj>iebe^® ne pnt. ac pio y^b. -^ eall p« 

JlfO tJmj fe hijm^bepbieb pnt. pint i mbep]?ieb l?am^^ jobcunten 

Fdpe]?onc^ be Jwm" ic f e me&j pumTbippell pe<^an. f tJu mihc^* 

t5y ppeotolop on^itan hpylce men biof unbep]7ieb ]»8epe pypbe. 

^^^hpylce^® rie bioJ>. 6all' ^ior unrtille jepceapt "3 Jieop^ hpei^* 

pienbe hpeappap^ on t5am" ptillan Eobe. 3 on fam jepta&^tSe- 

j^ Jan. ;3 on famj* anpealban. -3 he pelt eallpa jepceapta ppajja. 

he fg^ ppnp?an p;etihhob h»c be "IXet htep]) I • 
<^ § VII.* 8pa fpa on p«nej\axe\ hpe^ p^^ g^h 3 noti 

it^an hit je- 

^ Mmv ^ 

In^p. otSSe paph 
otJtSe ]>uph heo- 
^ miplice Jfitppencap. 

^ Boet lib. iv. prosa 6. — Sicut enim artifex, faciendsB rei, &c 
' Boet lib. iv. prosa 6. — ^Nam ut orbium circa eundem, &c. 
> Cott >iem. s Gott. sBhnehtiS&n. ' >onne, deest in MS. Cott. 

♦ Cott. hpa. » Cott soob. • Cott pop>»m. f Cott bpens;S. • Cott. 
Soobe. • Cott Coobep. »• Cott Sooban. " Bod. pcuccena lot. 
w Cott unanbpenblic. » Cott. SumiL " Cott peopulbe. " Cott 
nan. «• Cott unbepheb. " Cott >aBm. »• Cott meeht. » hpylce» 
deest in MS. Bod. » Bod. eaL «» Cott hop. ** Bod. hfeupjcb, 
» Cott. >a5m. ** Cott hpeappat^. «» Cott. vine. •• Cott i 
^ Cott ymbutan. «■ Cott. napii. ® Cott pelsa. 

Digitized by 



the mind, and from the providence of Almighty God. He, 
therefore, works after his unspeakable providence, whatsoever 
he wills. 

§ yi..As every nrtificer considers and. marks out his work 
in his mind before he executes it, and afterwards e^ocutes it 
all ; this varying fortune which we call fate, proceeds ^er 
his providence and after his counsel, as he mtends that it 
should be. Though it appear to us complicati3f|Srtly good, 
wd partly evil, it is nevertheless to him singly good, because 
he brings it all to a good end, and does for good all that which 
he does. Afterwards, wh^ it is wrought, we call it ffl||^ 
before, i t was God's provid^fle and h is predestinfttinTi. He 
therefore directs foBtune, either through good angels, or 
through tbe souls /of men, or thrpdgh the life of other 
creatmres, or throiigh the stars ofneaven, or through the 
various deceits o^devils ; somedmes through one of them, 
sometimes thro&gh them^ll; But this is evidently known, 
that t the divine r predest i^tion is simple and uncha ngeable.1 
and governs yeveryuhing accordmg to order, anH^ fashioias 
everything. /Some things, therefore, in this world are sub- 
ject to fateyothers are not at all subject to it. But fate, and 
«ill the things which are subject to it, are subject to the 
divine j^vidence. Concerning this, I can mention to thee 
P ejaffiJlepwEereby thou mayest the more clearly under- 
Btahd wnich men are subject to fate, and which are not. All 
this moving and this changeable creation revolves on the 
immovable, and on the steadfast, and on the singlv-existing 
^d; and he governs all creatures as he at the beginning 
nad, and still luis determined. 

§ VII. As on th§t axXertree of a waggon the wheel tarns, 
*iid the ftTj[^.f.rpfi stands still, and^jevgjjj^gless supports" all 
the waggon, and regulates all iU p»o grigML~ the wheel turns 
round, and the nave, leing nearest to the axle-tree, goes much 
More firmly and more securely than the fellies do — so the 
axle-tree may be the highest good which we call God, and 

Digitized by 




CHAP, xxxir 

/ tJtt f elejrtan men papan nehft Hobe. rj» FF* nony nretil? nehyfe^ 
anb )>a imbmeftaa f pa fro j^acm. popJiiiGLn^}^ 
le^nape. of ep ojL^ayijS 



Q jpacaa Dip op«n enbe fserc on |»aeiie^naj:e. of ep oi 

fpa bif f am' imt^k^;)^ monhum. of pa hwle t^ 

^ GOobe ymb Kf^eop^he^ L p,^ ofpe hjpdeymS^ gobcunblice. 
fpeke^ he loae mib o}^e^9^an Co heofxmum. nub o^pe co 

y eopfan..fpa ffa fa^ ][pacan jatis^j^ofefi enbe on; fagpelpelge. 

fiJfiJl-OII-J*]}? .?*£?• mibbepeapb ffe^^qg*^** b*^ »5tSpum emu 

jieah., f eak of e^i enbe bio pa^ on f s^^'^iiice. ofep on f»pe 

/j)lpelsei fpabiof Sa mibmeftan? men on. mibbut^^i^ q^u»ii. ] 

fa bet^an^^ neap faspe nape. "^ fa ma&ffcan^^ 


ysB^, on f^p^'-nape/'*^ •] |-e_na][aL on faap 


f1 ppaec gayelga 'Sea h liaiixiaf^* on ganLn^acan 
^ pea)x)pi^n <^ f aepe eopf an. ppa bof pa m» 

mttftan men ^ 
/jfmibm^t^um. ^ fa mibme]taBm^^ on fam. betfOm. 3 "Sa 

on Iiobe. Deali fa me&ftan ealle hiopa lupe penben jco ^ijje 
populbe. hi^on f »p onpuman. ne to nauJxte ne/peop)»^. 
^tp hi be nanum belene biof ^^rseftnobe co Ijobe. ran ma ^ 
f asr bpcohle f ^^ If ply;ft mn^nn hion nri^^ f »^Tn tp6nelfee .^] Jip hi ne 
Z^ biof paejte on fam^ fpacum/" y^B, rpacan on tS; 

biof tpyrmert fa&neteaxe _^ 

hcojt;.^^ pio napu pe&pf nehjt; t ^aspe ^-^»-«^^^.^ 

y j ninhpnillicofic.? ^ fpa bof ^a felejrtan iifen. ppa: hi hiopa lupe nes^ 
" Jjtobe Isa&af. anb pfif opf af eopfhcui Smj poppeof .** ppa hi bio)^ 

jf ^ oppopgpuv^ 3* la&f peocaf 4 hiL^o pypb panhp^i ot$tSe hJ«Bt 
hio^* bpai29^*.n» fpft'pj^® napu^i^ pimle^^ ppa ^eponb. hnadxJo^ 
^s^pA^ottf t$e.hi hnaappeii. "3 ^eah bif pia napu hiwy&lbmga 
&ob»leb ppom ^ej^^a^/Hetf y ^u; miht^ ongik»n f , ye^ p»n 
bif mide lenj jepunb fe laep bif tobaeleb ppom fsepe eaxe. n» 

30 biof Sa men eallpa oppopgopte'^ »^f ^ jc ^if^F anbpeapban 
Lpep eappofa.^^ ^ ^s&p copeapban.. fa. te' paefte^lnof -on trobe. 

42&C ppaihi ppifop^^ biof ^afyn^obe?* f^iam. Dobei ppa* hi 

* Cott neafa'pt. 2 c^tt. pop>»mJ>e. * Cott. haun. * hp, deest in 
MS. Cott » Cott: fpilce. « BoA >8&r- ' Cott pta€aa«. « Bod. 
tmbhof^^pbpe ppaoa. » Bd<L mmjtxa. i*Bbd« bej^nr. " Bod. et 
Cottt m»tpan . " Cott. >8&m. ^ Cott neepe. " Cott honS»a*- 
" Co|;t maeteptan. " Cott. hpeolep. " on, deeat in MS. Bod. " Cott 
J>»m4aBC^2£r *^ ^^^^ ^^^' * ^^^' rpacanum. «i Cott. pelsea* 
22 Cott Tmsepebehcopc. ^ Cott Sepanbhtfopc. ** anb ppijipMr 
eop^can Jing poppeo'S, desunt in MS. Cott. 25 Cott oppopspan- 
« Cott hi. " Cott pymle. «« Cott meahfc. » Cott |>e. »Cott. 
opropSep*^' " Cott eappo>e. «* Cott ppij>up. » Cott apynbpebe. 
** Cott. ppi>up. 

Digitized by 


§ VII. BOETHIXJS. ~ 223 

tiie beat mien go nearest to Glod, as the nave, goes nearest to 
the axle-tree ; and the middle claB% of men as the spokes. 
For pf every spoke, one end is fixed in the nave, and the 
other in the felly. So is it with respect to the middle cloBn 
of men. One while he meditates in his mind concerning this 
earthly life, another while conoeming the heavenly : aB if he 
Bhould look with one eye to the heavens^ ani with the other 
to the earth. As the spokes stick, one end in the felly, and 
the other in the nave, and the spoke is midward, equally near 
to both, though one end be fixed in the nave, and the other 
in the felly;, so are the middle oZas« of men in the middle of 
the spokes^, and the better nearer to the nave, and the most 
numerous '(^2a«» nearer to the fellies. They are nevertheless 
fae djn the nave, and the nave on the axle-faree. But the 
fellies depend on the spokes, though they wholly roll upon 
the earth. So do the most numerous clan of men depend on 
i^e middle olasSf and the middle clast on the best, and the 
best on God. Though the most numerous <oZa«« turn all their 
love towards this world, they are not able to dwell there, nor 
do they oome»to anything, if they are not in some measure 
fastened to God, any more than tWfeUiea of the ^yheel ^^ < 
B oko I my pgofflgopo if they are not fastened to the spokes, and -^^^^^ 
thi" spokes to the axle-tree. The fellies are farthest from the ^^■jpk^^^ 
axle-tree, therefi^re they go the most roughly. The navegoes 
^ nBacest the. azle^ree^ therefore it goes the most securely. So 
do the best men. As they place their love nearer to Gt)d, and 
more despise these.earthly things, so are they more free from 
case, and aiw less JEinxious how fortune may vary, or what it 
may bring* Provided the nave be always thus s ecure, the 
femes may ^jfc on what they will. And yet the nave is in 
^me measure separated from the axle-tree. As thou mayest 
perceive that the waggon is much louger secure, which is less 
separated from the axle-tree ; so, of all men, those are most 
untroubled, with the difficulties either of this present life, or 
of that to come, whoare fixed in God ; but aa they ace farther 

Digitized by 



/ biof 2^pej:&e 3 jefpencte. td^feji ^e on QOobe je on licliomaiL 
Spylc If J>8Bt jj pe pypb hata]). 


3 § VIII.^ . . . Be l?am^ j^obciinban popebonce fpylcejo 

^jmeamft t no xerceabpirner ir tojmetanne pil? pone beanopi^y 

A^mbjpelce^JIjjeo^ pij> ^a%axe. popj>»m jio-|eax 

^c es^ej^vf pjenef. jpa bef jy xobcunba)^^ <^j!mi^* hetftype]?^ 

gone1inofc^][ ]^ 3 ^a tun^u. -} ^a eoppan jebep p:ule. "3 ^emetja]! 

~JL peopepTterceapca . $ if paecep. ^ eop}>e. 3 p^P* 3 lyP* ^*^ ^ 

pa peopepperceapta . y ip paecep. ;) eoppe. 3 pyp. 3 lypc. t5a he 

y {>paji^ n yplite^a> .* hpdninjept| jindi£exa|> 3 on o)>pum hipe 

/A)Xebpen%p n.ept xeebnipa]>. iT fe^bpegT a&^c tiibop. a yb hit^ ect 

gehyt^-y yhelt . SftnT^AjTirfrrj^^ an^^o ppeapob . 1 eg 

g^eeopl? 1 ^eebnipa)) ]>onne ponne he pile.^ 8ume u]7pitan^ ^eaE" 

/ipecjaf ^ pio pjrpb pealbe^ vSl'^P 5® jeps&ljja je ip;g;epylj>a a&lcep 

/^monnep. Ic ^onne pecje. ppa ppa eadle' |EiMptene men pec;^ a)>- f 

/^po ^obcunbe popetiohhunj hip pealbe. naep po pypb. 3 ic pat f 

hio bem]7 eal J^mj ppi]7e pihce. tSeah un^pceabpipmumonnum"^ 

ppa ne ]>mce. Pi penap -f t$apa aglp pe Dob. "Ke hiopa p^]lgfi 

tpulx»l>. Nip hit nan punbop. pop]78sm hi bio]> ablenbe nub 

Swir^ioptpum hiopa^* pcylba. Ac pe ^obcunba pope]7onc hit 

^unbepjrent eall ppife pyhte.^* ?eah up |3nx». pop upum bypjc. 

^ f It on poh fape . pop)>am^* f^^fi cunnon f piht unbeji.- 

ptanban^ pe bemf ^eah eaB ppij>e pyhte. tJeah up hpilum ppa ne 

iJince : • 

<^ 4 § IX .^ GaUe men ppypiaf ^* ayrtep Jam hehptan ^obe.^^ je 

3S'^obe^^ je ^ele. Ac popfy ne majon tSa" ypelan cuman to 

fam^® hean hpope eallpa joba.^^ popfam*® hi ne pp;^ia]> on 

piht 8&ptep. Ic pat*^ "Seah ^u cpefe^^ nu.hponne to me. Ppylc 

unpybt me&x bion^^ mape Sonne he^* ^e)>ap2e f hit jepypf e.** 

ppa hit hpilum "^eyypf. -^ ^feaem ybum^^ becyml? anpe jb ypel o n 

J(?fippe populbe.^' ;) fam y|dum anpealb 50b. "3 ofpe*'* hpile se^j^ep 

^/jemenjeb. sesf ep je J>3&m jobum.^^ je pa&m yplum. Ac ic fe 

^ Boet. lib. iv. prosa 6. — Igitor uti est ad intellectam, &c. 

^ Boet. lib. iv. prosa 6. — NihU est enim quod mali cau8&, &c. 

' Cott. >a3m. « Bod. seapepton. Cott. se&poptan t ppylce >ap 

Isnan Jnng biotJ to metcume pitJ J>a ecan *j ppylce ji hpeoL * Cott. 
apcepe:S. * Cott. geSpaejialJ -j pliteSa'S. * Cotftti^pe^. « Bod. et 
Cott. hi. ' he pile, desunt in MS. Cott • Cott. u%otan. » Cott. 
polb. » Cott men. " Cott J>8Bm. " Cott heopa. " Cott 

pihte. " Cott pop>»m. " Cott ppipia«. »« Cott Soob. " Cott % 
i» Cott >8Bm. *» Cott sooba. «> Cott popJ>8&m. «i Cott nat. 
2« Cott. cpae^e. 23 Cott been. «* Cott ge. » Cott Sepeop>e. 

*• Cott Soobum. 2' Cott. peopulbe. ^ Cott o5>pe. *» Cott. soobum. 

Digitized by 


§ ynr. n. boethixts. 225 

separated from God, so are tbey more troubled and afflicted 
both in mind and in body. Such is what we call fate. . . . 
§ VIII. ... With respect to the divine providence f^s 
argument and reaaoning is, compared with the intellect, and 
Buch the .wheel is, compared with tlie axle-tree. For the 
axle-tree regulates all ^g^^ggon. In like manner does the _• 
divine providenc e. Hs mw^ fthe sky and the starsf an^ makes 
the earth immovable, and regulates the four elements, that is, 
water, aiid earth, and fire, and air. These it tempers and 
l^ms, and sometimes again change^) their appearance, and • 
togs them to another form, .and jftfterwards renews ^^e»*: j 
and nourishes every production, and again hides and preserves 
'^ when It is grown old and withered, and again discovers 
and renews it whensoever he wills. Some philosophers how- 
ever say, that fate rules both the felicities and the infelicities 
of eveiy man. But I say, as all Christian men say, that the 
fi?ine predestination rules over him, not fate. And I know 
,that it decrees everything very rightly ; though to unwise men 
»do€8 not ap{>ear so. They think that everything which 
fcjfils their desire, is God. It is no wonder, for they are 
I winded by the darkness of their sins. But the divine provi- 
fdence understands everything very rightly, though it seems 
; w us, through our folly, that it goes wrongly ; oecause we 
i cannot perfectly understand it. He, however, ordains all 
l^fiiy rightly, though to us it sometimes does not appear so. 
I § IK. All men, the good as well as the wicked, seek after 
|ne highest cood. But the wicked are unable to come to the 
«Jgh roof of all goods for this reason, that they do not seek 
•ftcr it rightly. I know, however, that thou wilt on some 
occasion say to me. What injustice can be greater, than tliat 
lie should permit it to come to pass, as it sometimes does, that 
w the good unmixed evil happens in this world, and to the 
Wicked unmixed good ; and at other times both mixed, as well 
^ the good as to the wicked ? But I ask thee whether thou 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


ms&^e on^Dcan «lcne mon on pyhc hpeic- lie fie j*t^^iie nai^ 

ne fie ne beeepa ne pypfa ^onme he hif pene. • Ic pae tSeahtif hi 

Jf ne ma^on. Ac yeopjia^ VP^^ op oyk yon fe nbo^ jfe fumema 

^ f ec^]> ^ pe inebe pyppc. fume men f ecsa)> ^ he- pe jjcg 

fT g^^e. Deah hpa ma&^e ongitanhpeet; ojwp bo. hejiejog 

: fit»n h0o h^-^nejL Deah he moege fume hif piUraoi^im{ 

,>j»onne neaneej he ealhie. ' Ie»]ytf ma^eac jieccan fumf bif^M 

/jOimen oniSittanme m»^en.':.f if ron hw p ^oba h&ee feilft^Sm^ 

/ '. halnm -men «retcne bnenc i rpepne, "3 o]>)iinn halrnn ' bieefme*)! 

r ft^angne. ^i.hpiium eft ]Mem utihalum. funnun iijme. fnimaa 

; ftpangne; fomnm fpmaie; fnmnm bitepne. Ic !»^J»lcj^ 

/y }»e ««ie cp«Bft ne can. pile_J|ag;;punbpian ^fSflSfifln fpiHbimJ 

/i'Ac hif s ne'pnib^uaf^fia TaScaf" natihc. pop]«m hi *piton ^Jaj 

'/ o^e n^on. fbp]i»iniu otinnon leleef hiopainebtpuimefre ofi-| 

^tan ^ODonapan.* ^ eac^a cpieftaf |>e ji&p pip peeb'^Tpfwc, 

'^ if fapla hsloi bntepihcpifnefj o^e;bpnt!if hiopa untji^mef. 

bute n ni^eaTar. Ppa af jionne betepa l«ce ^pe faple. jwone 

^^.he' ISehi jefcoop.'^ if Iiob. he >apa)> ^< jobail.* -^ pitiit^tlai 

yplan. he patrhp»f eklc pyp)^ bi)>. nif fait nan-piHibQp.'fof>^8Esa| 

..he Of ]i8am!>hean hpope hit eail '^ef ]^]>.' anb' {wnan - ■mirca] ? anbl 

'^ek^^^islcum ba>hif ^epjFphtmn : • ^ 

§ X.™ < B»t f e ^nne hata]) p^b.'^onne f e^jef eeabpifslSob. 

^^esslcej monnef ^ei^fe fnt. hpajt-p^cj? •Ci^e^^fttp Jw^^i 

ipe'Be penitt}?.^ Anb jet^.ic J>e hm&j fame bipie peapom popbum 

ifecgambe ]>Bm7 bnle j^e- fio -mennifce jefceabpifnief mse^ o&- 

r^tan'tSa-^bcanbneffe. '^-ifSonne ^' peon^ita]) ^hdmn^ mofi' 

o n e]?ne pkran; on <o]>pe; hme Ijob onjit.^® Ppihim pe t^iohfait^ 

^•^ lie fie pe *etfca.^^ ;)t)K)nBep«»Ik»b fhit fpane ^ip. 'Bonne 

hpa&m' hp»t< cjniffi 'o8^e gobef** ^"8^e ypdef ^mape ]H>nne )« 

)yinc]> -p he-pjrpjie pie.» ne bi]? fio'impj^hr^ifnef no oi3cTiobe.8C 

: fio nn^^eapnef ' bif ron »'5e*felpHn.'^'p t5u -hit* ne -canft t«t piht 

:geonapan. TS^ jebype}> ]>6(ih f temen on^a]^ ma» on )« dean 

JJ^ pifan. t$e hine Eob onjit. Oji hit jebypef f te mani^e men 

$if biop fpa unjetpimie.^* a&s]'ep je on GOobe je on hchomao. f 

™ Boet lib. iv. prosa 6. — Hinc jam fit illud fatalis ordinis, &c. 

* Cott. anbsitjridl. « Cott. oncnapan. » Cott. pe. * Cott J>»i» 
Sooban. » Cott na-S. « Cott git. f Cott >»m. » Cott hpUmn. 
• mon, deeat in MS. Cott »« Cott anbpc " Cott betpa. » Cott 
Soobef . *» Cott untjiume. 

Digitized by 


*§ 2. ^BosTBsm. 227 

{thmkeslr tbat ai}y m^ i» so dkoeramff^tiiftt be is able to Imow 

^every one arigtii^ vhat be is^ 8a:tbatli& may be neither better 

hgt werse^ tbaoJlie thinks bun- ? I knovr, bovever; that thoy 

^cannot. Ytt i^ isTery often imprc^erly tbe custom for some 

persons to iky tbat'^ lOim is desemz^ of reward, te;^/^ others 

L'say that Jie^'is deserving' of punishment. .Tbonghany one may 

^kerve what another, doe^, be eanoot^lEnowtnBrhat be thinks. 

'Though' be may know some fntt of his- disposition, yet he 

eaanot' know it tdl. > I can moreoverrdate,ta thee an example, 

'wherebytbou'maysi&t^more clearly understand ^&i>, though un- 

'wisemen cannot understand it. .That is: Why does the good 

'pbysidan giFe to this headthy^man >mUd and aweet drink, and 

toi another he&Ithy i!»t<m bitter and strong P And- sometimes 

"^"to^ the isittk ; to one. 'mild ;; to another siarong ; to one 

Bweet; to^anotber bitter? : I know that every person who is 

i tuiaoquainted with tbe 8rt>i7tll'woader:at it, why they do so. 

I But the physicians wonder not .at it,, beeausa they know twhat 

*be others ^ave ignorant of. Eor. they know how to discover 

\ ^d distinguish the infirmity of each of. them ; and ako tbe 

I ^tts^wkioh sbould be «Mi^ wdth respecttrto it. What is the 

iealth of souls, but* mtue ? or what is their infirmity,' but 

^06S f Who t^en is: aibetter physician of the soul, than he 

^ho made it, that is, God? He honouvsthe 'good, and 

puoishes the wicked. Hie knows ^hat each is desemng of. 

^Itisno'w^mder, beeaose Jie:&om^ i>he:high)']x>of ail; 

'^d thenee disposes > ssid i tmetes ^ ito <^each ' acoording to ibis 

§ X. This tben'we call &te ;ttwlieai the vise God,^bo knows 
every man's necessity, doestOF/peraB^s anything, whichtwe ex- 
pect not. And yet. I may .give, thee some examples, in few 
^ords, so & human reason is aUe' to und^N9^and> the 
divine nature. That is, then, tiiai^' we sometimes know man 
|fl one wise, cmd God knows Jiim in another. Somefcimea-we 
judge that be is the best^ and then Godimows that it is not 
*<>•, Whenanythitrg comes>to.aay persony^berof goadoiuof 
f^) Bcuwei than it appearsrto* thee that he daeerves,: the-iin- 
jUBtice is not in* God, but thewant of bkiU is in-thyeelfjthat 
■thou canst not rightly understand it. Yet it often happens 
that men know a man in the same ^manner that God kinows 
l^^m. It often happens that manymensatre saddfirm^both in 
^ind and in body^ that they cannot of their own accord do 

Digitized by VjOOQ iC 


/ hi ne majon ne nan job^ bon. ne nan ;^el nf[h,p nnnebi^sg. i 

Z^hidp eac fpa unjjlbije* f hinemayn ^ nan eap roba^ xel>vibelice 

'j' abenan, fop)>8^ Jiic xehifiiep ort: j Dob n^ylg ^pop~tnr milbhe- 
optneffe nan|u n »^)epenSll^ft6 bppc bim'^^anfettan . "Sy l»f hi 

J f opl»tan' hiopa unfceafFulnejje.'' 3 peopJ>an® pyppan. jip hi 
apiiypebe® biof ■] jej^encebT™ 8ume men bioj^ ^^ aelcef cpaftef 

y culffc pa&ttite anb pull halije pepaf 3 pihcpij-e. 5onne ^.mc}' f 

' £io8e unpiht f he ppelce^* fpence. je Fup)>um J>one^' beaf . fe 
eallum monnum jecynbe if^* to Jwlienne.^* he him je^)> 

//>r eytpan tSonne o))pum monnum. fpa fpa 510 pim^* pif man" 

// cp»p. -p re xobcnnbaanpealb te ppi|?obe hirt biPphnXar^^ unbep 
hij-^* ri^e^rceabe."^ T lif Ycilbe tW xeonnhceTrpaf^^^ man 

/3 bel? tSoneTi&pl^ on hir ea?;an. ODanexe tih^afef^ Ik)be to cpe- 
manne to t^on ^eopne f hi pilllniaj>. hiopa anum pillmn. mani- 

/^pealb eapfoJ>e** to fpopianne. popfam fe hi pilhiia]> mapan ape. 
^ mapan hhfan. '^ mapan peop^fcipe mib Cobe to habbanne. 

/ > ]K)nne fa habbaf^* Hi^E^PJL?^!?^*? * • 

/ § XI.° Out eac becymg j-e anpealb^^ tSir^-e populbe to yyifeg 
.Xobum^'^ monnum. popfa&m ye anpealb^® Japa ^ana^ pe(^)>e 

;^^opoppen. Sumum monnum Irob j^eUe^ »Sf^P S« S^^" S® 
ypel 2;emen^eb. popfsem hi se^fpep eapniaf. 8ume he bepeapaf 
hiopa pelan p pife hpafe. faep ^e hi 8&pept jepe&hje peopfaf. 1^ 
l»p hi pop Ionium ^eps&lfum hi to up ahaebben. "^ "Sonan on 
opepmettum peop^en. 8ume he** let fpeajan mib heapbiiaL 

9. ^ bpoce. fe&t hi leopm^en Sone cps&pt jelrylbe" on JSam*^ lanjan 

geppmce. 8mne him onbps&baf eappof u ppipop f onne hy f ypFcn* 

ietih hi hi ea]>e abpeo^an m»^en. 8umehi ^ebyc^af peopflicne 

hhpan tJippef anbpeapban hpep nub hiopa ajnum beafe. poppaem 

4/^ fiTpenaf f hi na&bben nan ofep poh tS»p hhpan'^^ Fypp® buton 

■ Boet. lib. iv. prosa 6.-^Fit anteiMBaepe uti bonis, &c. 

> Cott. Soob. * Cott unse>ylbise. » Cott. eappo)>n. * Cott. 
nylle. » Bod. nanmMlbcnenbhc. « Cott poplnten. . ' Cott rnipce^ 
pulneppe. * Cott peop]>en. ' Cott. aptepebe. ^^ Cott geppencte. 
" Cott becS. " Cott ppylce- " Bod. >onne. " Cott. ip gecynbe. 
" Cott jK)lianne. " pum, deest in MS. Cott " Cott men. " Cott 
Seppio|H>be hijpeophnsap. »» hip, deest in MS. Cott » Cott. pceate. 
» ppa, deest in MS. Cott «* Cott leppel. *• Cott CDanige tihaiJ. 

** Cott eappo)>n. «» Cott h»bben. ^ Cott anpalb. «' Cott 

Soobunu «» Cott anpalb. » Cott ypelana. *» Cott pele«. " Cott 
Soob. « hi to up ahnbben -j J>oDan on opepmettum peop)>en. 8ume 
he^ desimt in MS. Bod. » Cott. Sej>ylbehce. »* Cott i>»m. « Bod. 
habben nan o^eppio'5 >»p hhopan. 

Digitized by 


§XI. • BOXTHIUS. "^ 229 

any good, or avoid any evil ; and are, moreover, so impatient, 
that they cannot with resignation bear any troubles. There- 
fore it often happens that God, through his mercy, wills not 
to impose on them any intolerable affliction , lest they should 
iorsake their innocence, and become worse, if they are moved 
and troubled. Some men are full virtuous in all virtue, and 
full holy and righteous men. Then seems it to God unjust 
that he should afflict such; and moreover death, whic^ is 
natural to all men to suffer, he makes more tranquil to them 
than to other men : as formerly a certain wise man said, that 
the divine power saved his darlin gs under the shadow of his 
winga, and protected themascarmilly as man does the apple 
of his eye. Many so earnestly endeavour to please God, that 
they desire of their own accord to suffer manifold troubles ; 
because they desire to have greater honour, and greater fame, 
and greater dignity with God, than those have who live more 

\ § XI. Frequently also the power of this world comes to 
Y6iy good men, in order that the power of the wicked may be 
averthrown. To some men God gives both good and evil 
oixed, because they earn both. Some he bereaves of their 
Wealth verjr soon, when they first are happy, lest through 
long felicities they should too much exalt themselves, and 
wence become proud. He permits some to be vexed with 
fevere trouble, that they may learn the virtue of patience by 
uie long affliction. Some fear difficulties more than thej 
Jeed, though they may easily bear them. Some purchase 
the honourable fame of this present life by their ovvil death ; 
Oecause they think that they have no other price worthy of 
wis fame, except their own life. Some men were formerly 
unconquerable, so that no one could overcome tbem with any 

Digitized by 


S80 MUMS s mvU i CHAP. xxxa. 

/ hiqia agmim^iqiei Same maaymj^oa po imD) 

Jf hi nan ne^imhte^ rmik dbohiii pifce opejifpi] ^_ 

nsofia asftejL ^cnjuin.'p. hft:n»peiL' nMb* pitott;of:ep]7i^. on 

t$CBm pef fpcoeol .j^ hi fop;heopa^ob«un peopcmn hnji^on tSone 

Jf cjiBipc ^ hi^ mon ne* nnhde opcpfp^Km.'. Ac )»a jrpelan'* poji 

hiopa jhfhim .peoficnnL p»poiu gey^obeto ptp fn)>^/ p op)«m f 

y ^a. pituTg^npbonf* otoMim 'p'hi rpa bon^. ne bopixen; "^ eac & 

' Tebetaa pe hi gonn^p j^ca^ mbe rpeotol taMmTam,^ piran 

p he ne f ceal lupaaTtoim^&ethce 't^af popnlb ^j-el^lu fop- 

/^ ^aem hi opt cttina^ ra jSaoxl pyp)«an^ monnum. Ac hpast piUe 

pe cp^aa be. 'Sami^" anbpespbaB; peian.i €e opt< cyin)> to pBsm 

. ^obom;^^ l^»t he ellef ]*ie« ^"'^^ t^^^'^fnr ^?^n|l^^n pfV" 1 

^»f ebleenef :ai^inge hnm Iiob jecihhob^' h»f]ij:op hif ^oban^^ 

/^piilan. Ic peneeac ^tefHofo peUeinaiiA^^m y]dum^^ monnum* 

/i^r^ff* F^^Pf *°* J'® ^® V^ hieopa^ ^ecynb aab heojia^^ pillBB: 

rpat^epabne> -p hi pop nt^num eapmjmm^^ ne bi^}^ no ji;^ 

; y bectpsin/'' ac tSy^® pj^ppan. ac pe joba leBce. ^ ip Iiob: lacni^ 

/ BiopatDb8<ml5''%am**^peKiiwpile' f. hi onjiten hponan himfe 

pela come anb'oi»ece'9i»m <]);^la9p hei him ]>one .pelanjE ygpp^ 

^0 oiStJe hme )?am pelan. -} penbehip Ceiqwip to jobe. ■] ^oe^m^^ 

uDpeapap ^ )>a. ypd t$e he . »p pop hip epm]mm bybe. Sume 

beop^^ t$ei£ ')>y p^pon ^ hi pelan. thabba)>. pop)wm hi^^ opqi- 

mobi^af^ pop tSiB&in pelaa ^ hip un^medice bpueatS^ ! 

^i yplan unxe|>p»n e Hgfcpyli^^'huiti. ^e eac hpUum tSayj^soi hvof rair 

I 2^pabe betpuh 'him/ pehnmuxg pup]'ttm>an ypel man bit$ hpihifl?' 

4^mi3e]>p8epe him pelpimi. popfamfe^^ he pat ^ihe imtela beS. 5 

B06I. lib. ir. prosa 6.-^uibti8d8in penninom pudnidi jvav && 

1 Cott. meahc. '^ Cott him. ' Cott. meahte ofepppi^an. ^ Cott. 
yjrlan. » Cott. rpi«>e. • Cott Jeptipben. » Cott Sebon. « Cott 
>»in. » Cott pyppepcum. ^ Cott ji&m. " Cott Soobum. " Cott 
tiohhob. *» Cott sooban. " Cott m»nesiun ypdum. " Bod. 
J>eah. i« Cott. hiopa. " Cott epml>mn. " Cott. hyo«. " Cott 
becpan. «« Bod. ne na J>y. 21 Cott >»m. " Cott aiypjxe. « Cott 
hio'S. ** hi, deest in MS. Bod. 25 Bo^. ofepmobpam. » Cott. 
)rop)>Bm. « Cott peopulb. » Cott. J>»m. » Cott Soobum. * Cott 
Soob. « Cott J>»m. " Cott. pop)>»m. »* Cott gooban. »* Cott 
betpuh. '* Cott pimle. . » Cott pop>em|>e. 

Digitized by 


iomreni;/ TBese Be<«luDL iextmpU' td their smocesswv tbatdhb^r 
sb'ould hoi^beovei'eoine'bf tdpotenti. IH'these it:wa8 evidanbc 
thatithej, for thbn*good«hrark8^ hiid'.the.B^engtrh.tkatinniai 
migfabnot^overeomevtb^mv But the wicked^ for theirrevill 
workB,- haTe been-^unishbd beytmd »mBaR»B^ in' j order that:; 
tbepunisfamenta Inighb^2%str8iIl othdrs^from daong .t«do bo^'. 
aad fllee might ameBil those- whomxthdy them affii^ . It is aa 
verj' clear token to- the^wise/ thatihb ought :not totlove theset) 
worldly goods immoderately, bfeeaiee they^xxftea coma to the^j 
worst 'mem Bdt what' shall ^we say conceming^theipMseat:; 
wealth wWch of^m oomes t4>-thfe g«od.P' Wtotisit else, bat r 
a'tokeaof the fatnre'.w^altb^ aadah^giniiisgrof the reward i 
whfeh Ged has^di^creed'to him fdrhis good idtspositbis?: Ii 
suppose alse^ thattGMigfves'feHdties' to^'many^wioked. menri 
l^use he knows^their uatHre^'anditheivrdiispositioarit^ bbe 
I SHch, that'they.wouldtnot'for'aa;^.troubies:4}e/the better, biiit 
I fte worse.' Biit -thfe good phygioian^* thht dsOod, heabtthbir : 
ttbds witK the -weal^h^* until thfey leann .wheoioe /th^ wealtk: 
cmeto them^ ftBd^A^Tnof^ submits t^^^hrm.destiiertaksa^wi^)' 
tto^weoKh from him, or him; from the* 'weatthv andituimaihiai" 
nnumers-td jgood,<aBd^fdii!«ake8*the^m6B^)aa .the. evil Iwhick) 
ne beftH«*'through^hiB povertjp didu. Some, indsedi aie the. 
'WBedf ^they hkve^ wealth, beeausg^ thby become 'proud on 
awount oflthe- 'Wealth,^ aad ienjpy 'it without mx>deratioii;> 

§-' XIL .TcK many men ak&these worldly fdUditfes ere there- • 
feregiven^ thfet they may recompensedhe^ good for their ;gDod, 
wd the wicked fdr their ^evfl»; Fop theigood (and. the'wicked. 
^ ever at variance with each other,; aad iaieo semBtimes thei 
^kfed are« 'at ^variance betteeen tbemselveS) and moreover a? 
^cked maa* >ia sometimes at Yariance with > himseli Eoc . he : 
^^that4ied<>es«mi8s, aad bidthiiiks himaelf o£thetretrU^u>i' 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

232 BOSTHirS. CHAP. 

/ pentS hun )»apa^ leana. 3 nde' t$eali f»f ^efpican. ne hit fofh 
Jhtuk him ne laetsjbiieopan. 3 t5oime pop ^am f mjalan^ e^e ne 
ma&2 no peoppan jejyps&pe on him f elpim. Ojt; hit eac^ jebyp^ 
^ f e "jfjlB, f onI»t hif )7:el pop pimef oj>pef ]^ef monnej* anban. 

/pppam' he rpolbey mib ]>y telan^ pone opepne f he onfcunebe 
hif peapaf . fprncp tSonne ymb f fpa he Yfipojt ms&j. *]) he tiolaj^ 

/un^ehc to bion pam^ oppum. fop]>am^ hit if p»f ^obcunban 
anpeateef j^epuna -p he pypcj) op y]Je gob. Ac hit nir nanum 
^ f eb "P he msdxe p iton eall "p jSob jetiokhob naejjS. ne 

/^eacj ^i^an f "p he tepopht h» ^:j >T ILc on ^aem hi habbap 
jenojTtd on^itai^e -jt f e fceoppenb'® ^ reTpealbenb eallpa ^e- 

/jg rceaira pelt. i pyhte jepceop eall f he jefceop. 3 nan ;^el ne 
pophte. ne jec ne pypc^. ac selc ypel he abpipp op eallum hif 
pice. Ac gip ^u a&ptep tJam hean" anpalbe fp;^pian^* pilt t5af 

f^ a&lmihtijan^' Ixobef . ponne ne on^itft ]>u nan ypel on nantun 
pm2;e. peah *e nu pmce f hep micel on %^* mibbanjeapbe pe. 
pop])»m hit If piht f 1>a ^oban habban job^'^ eblean hiopa 
jobef . 3 ^a jrlan habban^' pite hiopa yplef . ne hip f nan ypel. 
f te pyht bij). ac bip job. Ac ic onjite f ic J)e ha&bbe apju«c 

^0 nu mib pif Uuijan fpelle.^^ pop$»m fe lyft nu jiol>a. ^^ Ac 
onpoh hiopa nu. poppam^^ hit if f e l»cebom anb f e bpenc 9e 
^u lanje pilnobeft. bat tSu by e^ ma&je ^ape*® lape onpon :• 

§ XIILp Dape pfbon^^apif fpellapeht^^hapbe. paon^an 
he ept finjan. 3 puf cpa]>^1[jip bu pillnije mib hlutpum mobe 

^/onjitan "Sone hean anpealb. behealb ba tundi^ pap h^m 

2l heopnef . Pealbap/pa tunjlu pa ealban fibbe t5e hi on jefceapne 

papoh. fpa f fio Tpypene funne ne onhpinp no t$af balef p«r 
heopenep Ce fe mbna onipnp. ne f e mona no n^ onhpinp paf 
balef t$e po pinnetggijinj. tSa hpile pe hio pap on bip. ne pe; 

JOfteoppa. Ce pe hatap Upfa. ne c^p nappe on pam peftba ele. 
peah ealle oppe pteoppan papen mib pam pobope aptep pape 
funnan on pa eoppan. nif hit nan punbop. poppam he ip ppipe 
neah pam up enbe^ pan eleaxe . A< pe preonna ge pe hatap. 

S^ aFenfteonpajr ^nne he bip pef t jepepen, ponne tacnnap^he 

P Boet. lib. iy. xnetrum 6. — Si vis ceisi jara tonantis, &c. 

' Bod. ifiapan. * Cott. nyle. • Cott. p»m pmsaliim. * eac, 
deest in MS. Cott. ' Cott. mannep . • Cott poppiem. ' Bod. letan. 
^ Cott. bionne )>8em. ^ Cott poppSBin. ^^ Cott p appenb. • " hean, 
deest in MS. Bod. '' Bod. anpealbe pcvpian. >' Cott aelmehtas&ii' 
>* Cott pyp. " Cott Sooban haebben 500^- *• Cott h»bban. " Cott 
apetne nub J>y lansan ppelL " Cott. leo>a. » Cott poppasm. 

« i? i»HS» ^^ ^ ^^' ^****' !i Cott apeahc 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

tion, and yet will not cease therefrom, nor indood suffer him- ^ 

self to repent of it; and therefore through perpetual fear he 
cannot be at peace with himself. Frequently it also happens 
that the wicked forsakes his evil for hatred of some other 
wicked man ; because he would thereby upbraid the other, 
by avoiding his manners. 'He labours then about this as he 
best may ; that w, he takes care to be unlike the other ; for 
it is the custom of the divine power to work good from evil. 
But it is permitted to no man that he should be able to know 
all that God has decreed, or indeed to recount that which he 
has wrought. But in these tMngs they have enough, to un- 
derstand that the creator and the governor of all things, 
guides, and rightly made all that he made, and has not 
wrought, nor yet works any evil, but drives away every evil 
from all his realm* But if thou wilt inquire concerning the 
supreme government of the Almighty God, then wilt thou 
not perceive evil in anything, though it now seem to thee 
that here is much in this middle-earth. Since it is just that 
the good have good reward for their good, and the wicked 
have punishment for their evil ; that is no evil which isgust, 
but is good. But I perceive that I have wearied thee with 
this long discourse, wherefore thou art now desirous of songs. 
And now accept them, for it is the medicine and the drink 
which thou hast long wished for, that thou mayest more 
easily receive the instrilction. 

§ Xinj When Wisdom had ended this speech, then began 
he again to sing, and thus said: If thou liesirest with pure 
Baind to understand the suiTreine "goveifiiment, behold the 
stars of the "high heaven. The heavenly bodies preserve the 
ancient peace m which they were created ; so that the fiery 
sun does not touch that part of the heaven in which the moon 
moves ; nor does the moon touch that part in which the sun 
moves, so long as sheis therein. Nor does the star which we 
call XJrsa ever come into the west, though all other stars go 
with the sky aftei* the sun to the earth. It is no wonder, for 
It is very near to the upper end of the axis. BuJ; the star 
which we call the evening star, when it is seen westwardly, 
then betokens it the evening.^ It then goes after the sun ^^^^v 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



/ dsfeafpsfty hB fQim^'apceju^pmfiBtjnaDttxiitaiit 
rceabe/ oi . hei- opimf ]>a. pmmaiiBijban^ 
< CBiiiMai^m ]L, )>omi6 naten^pe hine iinoicogi 

/ mona habba]i)Co6tekr 

picfm]» f uj " 

7 ppn;^ 1 una>|iPt»Biioe >'gropta|? l«ai 

/ &»^. FO}i> ^*hi ne4flier GobTon) <aiie .'liBaJjie ipaq' heafoiiep bio&; 

t$]^ la^ in^opbon ofjiK 'gsfceapaLj Ac ^gerAhuga 


t jit^a9Ti:qni^ ^gr c^mnaer 
pertm i ;j . »k; t«bop . aeice p 


Tfe bagjdar » "^ nffffftT !) ref oi:t:n»&a- pen tgcgg^: 8a eoj^ma on 
/£l^Spa. paphani/'Uiibeppel^y po eop]>6.f r»b: !J jebej^^-^lut: 

Spepap' OH' len^nv Ac re ' MBtob • eaPha 3;erceaitt a peap on.- 

eop])an eolfe.^popenbe peremapr'j 

<2^)>0]iiie lie pyl^t "3 eopa]> ^oime<he pile. - .7 iiim]> ']>4)ime J 

hpiletSe ])a .^^ceapta ']>iopia]}; .pt >p hghrtai.rcseoppenb on bif 
pelc f9ini ^epwble)>epui9T eaUe^ ^cf oeaptui.. 

R jiaq^eliiui 

beah fctlei l»a»o|iil]e< 

N>f nan' punbbpv pop^fta]>e henf-cymn^^ 3 fcj 
jfpunMU •]( at: 7 pifbomi "3 .pihtpip 
j^ ifrceaftni o n hrf »penba. 3 he betLLeil_ 
^ftseS^e^c^nmsne pts^MiIobei^ailli' 


hi ealle tofl(^ene 7 coftcncte. anb tm nauhtft pppbonr eaHe ^^ 

fceapta^ geak habbayf xegMMteKcsi t$a>vane'ilup& ^ hi tjieopiaiK 

fpilcum blappbBi. anb<p»gnia}»]yief .f'^fnaa 

^ pnnbopv poiM>agi^ hi ;iie ■P Mhton.Telter' biont. ay t haT'nB-|>iopefa<HL 

S/ hiQprfQ 7»«"T^««" TJi^ rmilAftrra f^ipfeomi>'p )iioj)3 BPfe cp»^ ttomfei 

32 § J. Pf J^^E)@R )$u mjuoixsffce hpibcft ]>top'rppesoeipiHil. Bv 
qw^ iCi 8b^ me h)nbep ihi»> piliiiSk Da cpaaji hej l^^Jl^J^^SSL. 
}»ter 89k p^bbio job.? ramhio nionnum ^ob* J^Soei^I^^JJ^ 

J r* KinF ypgl"?ince. IH ;cps»^ 4cr Ic pene *p'bic ea]>et j*pm iJioEbiQtfge; 

j/ ))eah Tip hpilum of ep f ince. Da cpa&f he. Nip faap nanjtpy* f 

4 Boet lib. iv. prosa 7. — Jamne i^tur vides, quid base omnia, &c 
1 Cott. leo«. » Cott. soob. » Cott. soob. * Cott tpeo. 

Digitized by VjOOQ iC 


§x: Bounomk 285 

iota the eaith's sluideytill itnura off behind the BWivaad 
copBee<iip':befoi!e.tbe son. Then, we catt it ithet morning: star, 
hecanse^it comes up in theteast, and i^iint^ffyififtii the ana's ap<« 
pooach.'^The snn and the moon have divided the dayand thot 
night Ycvj eqaaEj ^>fltw^n thftiiL i ^and they reign verj harmo- 
nionsly through divine providencejandiunoeaaingljr serve' the 
AlmightJ^ Gred till .doocnsdaji Ghod doee not suffer them to. 
beonoae.fiide of the hearen, lest.thej should destroy^ other, 
crealuves. ^<^^'^^%P^|S&^^S|E^S%^ adapts 

aE creatnree^^ when'tt^^SiMSM^wm^^Bometimes the wet 
^ias^he/dr^^ Sometimes he'hingles the fire, with the cold.. 
S^ometimeB the^. light < and bHg^t fire ^es -upwards, and thet 
beavy earthiis statioDBd beneath by the ting's command s* The 
sarth brings yeatly evei7ftufib,.and every production^ and the 
hot summer- dries aad prepares- seeds andJruits; and th& 
fhiitficd . harvest * brings ripp com.. Haila, and snows, and 
frequent raku moisten. the^.easthr injirinii^r. . Hence the earth 
neeives the seed, and causes it to grow ia.spring« But > the 
createtof all things nourishes in the earth all growing fruits,: 
and > produces ihsm all; and «hides. when >he<willy.and^8hows 
when he will, and takes away when he.wiU... "While the 
deatnres obey,\the supreme - creator sits, on* his thronOi 
Thence he gtudes with reins all crei^ures. It isno wonder 4 
for he ia ^ngv'<^ \oid^^ and fountain, ^nd origin, and law, 
and wisdom, and irighteousjudgi^. He sends, all creatures 
on his errands, and j^e^commAiids jU^ all to come agUjLr If 
the only stead&st : king m3i2 nol support all creatures, then 
w^d they dissolved and dispersed; and' :all creatures 
would come* t o opught. . But they haYo in common^ one love 
ifi^sem^liuch aHord^ andirrejoicec because he rules over 
them. That is no wonder, for they could not else exist, if 
they served not their r aothoF.' . Then • ceased. Wisdom ^ the 
^ii& and iMid td me : 


§.1^ D68T thou ixowpereeive whithw this diiscoum^ tends P 
Then said I: Tell me whither at tends; Then said he: T 
Would say, that everjr fortune is good, whether it seem good 
to men, or whether it seem evil to them. . Then said I« I 
think that it perhaps may be so, though it sometimes ap- 
pears otherwise to us. Then said he : There is no doubt of 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

236 BOSTHixrs. chap. xl. 

/ jbIc y^b bio]) job.^ Capa pe pihc 3 nytpj^fife bio]).* ):op])»m 

^ »lc pypb. fam hio pe pynpim. fam hio pe impynrum . pp J7 

5 (T^f to fam ^obum^ jg hio o ))ep cpe^a bo. o65e bine l)i>^ixe 

4 to €on -p he bet bo. ]>onne he »p bfbe. oCtSe him l^^jfe -p te 

J' asp tela bybe. An^ eft ale ))$7ib])apa pe to €am* yplum cym)). 

cymf ^ ]:op])am tpam^ ])in2am fam hio fie ]iepe, fam hio pe^ 

pynpim. pf to tSam^ yflmn cym])pe]7U pypb. ])onne cym)) he to 

ebleane hif ^fla. oCtSe to fpeatunje® *] to lape -p he ept^* fpa 

o ne bo. Da on^ann ic puhbpijau aiib cpsj). Iff pop mpeapbhce 

^0 piht pacu jn$ u jiwp peqt. " ©a cp»J) he. 8pa hit if fpa ))U 

// fcSI^- -^c ic polbe. jif Cu polbeft. f_jat unc penbon^^ pime 

hpile to J)ifef polcef fpp«ce.fyl»f hi cp»})on^^ f pit fppa&con" 

opep monnef anbjet.^* Da cp»J) ic. 8ppec f *5u pille :• 

§ II.' Da cpaj) he. f enft «u -JJ f ne pe job.^* f nyt^' bif. 

/^Da cp»]) ic. Ic pene ])»t hit pe. Da cpaJ) he. iElc yvnb^^ ij 

nvt l?ana tSe a ufr&n be)>.*® ot$^el»p]). ogge ppic ]>^ ^^ Da cp»l) icT 

D»t If f oj). Da cp»J) he. 810 pijieppeapbe pjTib if psem job** )« 

pmna]^ yip \mpes;j^ 3 penba]) hi to jobe.'^ Da cpse]> ic. Ne 

m»j ic ^af o])facan. Da cpa)) he. Ppat penft p n be gaepe 

^()2oban*^ pypbe. ^e opt cymf to jobum*' inonnum on Cijre 

^/-^populbe.** fpilce^ hit p ^^frpf riirTi l^pa ■ i^Sb^t. i^ hpej^ep I)ir jilc 

maje cyepan f hit pe ypei pypb* Da rmepoo^y ic** ■] cp«f. 

Ne cpij) $ nan mon. ac cpaf^^f hio pe fpipe job.'° fpa hio eac 

bif. Da, cpaf he. Ppat penpt pn be fape impepenhcpan'^ 

ZS pypbe. J)e Oft l) piet»}>" tSa yplan to pitnianne. hpa^ep Jjif pic ' 

pene f f gob*' pypb pe. Da cpaf ic. Ne pens^ hi no f f X^b 

p;^]ib pe. ac penaj|) -p hio pe fpife eapmlico. Da cpaj> he. Uton 

healban unc f pit ne penan fpa fpa ]>if pole pen^. Dip pit f$ef 

pena]) fe "Sip pole pen]). ]>onne poplate pit alee gepeeabpifneffe 

J0 anb alee juhtpipieff e. Da epaf ic. ppi pojilate pit hi &^*fff t 

' Boet lib. iv. prosa 7. — Nonne igitnr bonum censes esse, &c. 

*CottSoob. «Cott. bi«. •Cottsooban. « Cott >»iii. » cym«, 
deest in MS. Bod. < Cott. pop>»m tp»m. » Cott py. • Cott. 

J>»m. » Cott. J>peunse. " Bod. gee " Cott penben. "Cott 
cpej>on. w Cott. rppecon. »* Cott Semet. » Cott soob. " Cott 
nic >7 pypb, deest in MS. Cott >» Bod. apepbe'S. »» Cott pyp(* 
•Cottgoob. *iCottsoobe. ** Cott Sooban. » Cott Soobmn. 
•• Cott peopulbe. *» Cott fpylce. *• Cott selcpa sooba. ^ Cott 
pmeapcobe. » ic, deest in MS. Cott » Cott cpi'S. 3« (j^tt $oob. 
»> Cott. unpenhcpan. « Cott J>peaca'S. » Cott Soob. »* a, deest 
in MS. Cott u Cott l>a. 

y Google 

§ II. B0BTHIV8. 237 

this, that every fortane which is just and useful, is good : 
for every fortune, whether it be pleasant, or whether it be 
nnpleasant, comes to the good for this reason, that it may do 
one of two thinga ; that it may either admonish him, in order 
that he should do better than he did before ; or reward him, 
because he before did well. And again, eyery fortune which 
comes to the wicked, comes on account of two things, whether 
it be severe or whether it be pleasant. If severe fort une come 
to the wicked, then it comes for retribution of his evil, or else 
for correction and for admonition, that he should not do so 
again. Then began I to wonder, and said : This is a thoroughly 
right explanation which thou givest. Theji said he : It is as 
thou sayest. But I am desirous, if thou art willing, that we 
should turn ourselves a little while to this people's speech, 
l^t they say that we speak above man's comprehension.- 
^en said I : Spea^ what thou wilt. 

§ II. Then said he : Dost thou think that that is not good 
which is useful ? Then said I : I think that it is. Thep said 
he: Every fortune is useful which does either o^two things; 
either instructs or corrects. Then said I : That is true. Then 
said he: Adverse fortune is good for those who contend 
against vice8,^an4. .are. inclined to good. Then said I: I 
cannot deny it. Then said he: What thinkest thou con- 
cemiDg the good fortune, which often comes to good men in 
tbis world, as if it were a foretoken of eternal blessings ? 
Can this people say that it is evil fortune ? Then smiled I, 
and said : No man says that, but everg one says that it is 
very good, as it moreover is. Theii said he : What thinkest 
thou of the more invisible fortune which oflben threatens to 
punish the wicked ? Does this people think that this is good 
fortune ? Then said I : They do not think that this is good 
fortune, but think that it is very miserable. Then said he : 
f et us beware that we think not as this people think. K we 
yi this respect think what this people think, then shall we 
forsake all wisdom, and all righteousness. Then said I : Why 
shall we ever the more forsake them? Then said he: Be- 


288 BOSTHnm. ohap. zi. 

/ma. Da cy»y he. Fop^ plcifee ^ men fecjajy-f 'adee' ^tifn 
j^b ;) luxfynpimu pe ^pel. Ac pe ne fcuk>Q'tef ^elepan. pop- 
]Nem'p»t' »lc p^b bif gob'.^ )7a.'pe«Bp fpjia»ooiiH)»Di bio jie 
p^.^ fam hio fie yifnpam. Da peap]> ic apnpebr -^ efmp. ' Bast 
J If fOJ> f 5u r«Sr^- * io nar^ah lifa mt bnppe^ fe^aarba^^^um 
momium. fop]>am^ hif ne msB^nanbyp^ man'jelepiii : * ^ 

§ III." Da onrac re Virbem ffnhee n q»a)^. Fop^nefc^e 
nan pif monn pophti^an ne pnopman^to bfBBBi hif pife peopjie. 
epep faim cnme; fe p^u p^pb* t$ei li{iu;'.^^'i6oit ma peje 


Dip eac »»r wan .met) pv"maoe. "pe mm 'ppappe yfpb^'j PW* 
L%to becvmi?. IH ne peeOlbe^ nan« lir man- piUian^*. recper Ugec^ 

pp he ssm^a cpe&pta jietp, o1$6e emjej* peop]^cipeff hep fop 

/^populbe.^^ i<^C^ eoep hpef «ft;epi$iffetfopQlbe.^^ Ac alc-pir 
mon pcyle apinnan 8&s]>ep je pijj j>a pej^an^a^e ge |»)» ISa pm- 
punan. jTjr lasp he hine pop Jte pe^pynp man-^ ypb ereeptfiU)^^^ 
o^^e pop ^B^e ~ pel>an pope>ence . 'Ac - him ir Wang y 'itf 
apebije^'^fSBRrnnWSTSftran 'pej becpyhf** tSaepe pejmn J^m 

2,0 tStepe h^an. (^ he nepihu^epjufampanpypbe '^^mapan-oppoph- 
nepfe gonne h it^gemefctfc yie . Jie'ert to*^ peji^e.* pop]78em he ae 

.^ mBg:t nalmet^^^ xaDag t »Lbpiohq[p .°^ Acintip onhiopaa^eiiam'^ 
anpealbe hpa}>pe' • 'Sapa 'hi geeeopan.^^ Itip hi ]9enne ]»Be inib- 

2^ mejtan pej apebian pillap. ' ^onne jefha^ *hv fe^kamjfS^^ 
temeg^ian ]»a*pinpmian pypbe. ^'^a oppc^^^J pcnm^jm^Qt 

I pa'pls]>an pypbe ^e on pifpe pepalbe.^^jge on ^pebo* 
peapban. Spa fpa hi ea^l Sibpeo^ajei*^ map j an • « 

§ IV.^ yel la pifa»<mei^! pell.'^]>eaHe4XDi )>one^fi^>)>^eop 

l8&pa]> "Sa popemo^an bipna ^pa ^obena gmnena "^ ^ee^a p0op)>- 

3^ ^eopnena pepa t^e^wp eopp!»pon.< -€a]a %e eaprgan-^ •ibdje^jjUQ; 

S/ %y S®' rf* ^Hujiycte pon** ^ ppft' ' afpunbene .'^ %fapy je nifflan*® 

■ Boet. lib. iv. prosa' 7. — ^QimTe,'.inqalt, Ita Vir saptem^-'&c. 
^ Boet. lib* iv. metnnn 7* — 'BeHa Us fnims operattu asa^b^lito, 

Soob. « Cott. ry pe>e. ^Xott^bj^ii^e. ? Cott. ropjimn. '^Bud. 
nde nan bypg mon. » Cott to jpij>e ymh i> snc^nian. "Bod. 
pypj>an pcyle hp»p hnn cume J>»jie pu pf\ib J>e hpu. " CJdtt. fcjle. 
« hip, deest in MS. Cott " Cott pcyle. " Cott pihuan. " Cott. peo- 
pulbe. ^ Cott popJ>ence. " Cott apebie. " Cott betpeoh. »» to, deest 
in MS. Cott » Cott nauj>per. «» Cott abpipgag. «« Cott asnuin. 
» Cott hp»>|ie. " Cott seciopen. «» Cott pculon. *• Cott 
peopulbe. ^ Bod. ge abpysan. «» Cott pen. « Cott. appnnbDeb 
"0 Cott nyllen. 

Digitized by 


§ ni. IV. B0ITMIF8. " i39 

cause T^^ men saj tliat>»every eevere and unpleasant for- 
: tune-iffevil. Bnt we Bhonld not believe it, since every fortune 
. is good^affwe before saifl, whether it be eerere^^r-i^hether it 
be pleasant. Then wae^ I afraid,: and said : That is true which 
thou'SKyest. I%know' not, however j who dares to mention it 
[to foolish men^fcr no fooHsh man can .believe it. 

§ III.:Then'replied^W4adom«sharpl7, and said: Therefore 
-^no wi6aanan<ought to* fear lOif lament, in whatever wise it may 
happen to hiro^'>or.whether- severe* fortune or agreeable may 
. coraerto him ;. any more than the brave man ought to lament 
Jibout thi9,\how often he must fight. His. praise ie not the 
• leas ; bub the opinion, is., that it is the greater, - So is vAi&o 
the. wise «um'« ireward the ^greater, if more adverse,- and 
severer 'fortune oomes^^o Jiim. Therefbre no wise man^ should 
:.b6.desiiroiis of a soft Hfe, if he makes acooont of any virtues, 
or anyiiononr here in thevworldy^op-of ftemar life.after this 
vpdd.. j]3ait every ought, to contend, both against 
the severe ibrtnne,>and again&t ^tibe: pleasant, lest he throo gh 
jljl^ft piflM5 ait fortnne>sho (uld be presumptuous, o r tbrougft^the 
' Bevere^despaar. * IJnt it. is Necessary for him that he-^eek the 
middlewiray,>between the -severe fortune and the agreeable : 
that he. may not- desire -^more^igveeable fortune, or greater 
security than is fit: nor again too severe j^Tr^t^n^; because 
■he is;unable to bear excess of e^her. But it is in their own 
power, whicb of* them they will choose. • If,< therefore, they 
.'dsttrecito- find the /middle^way, thenpught they themselves to 
tmoderataiathemselvee the pleasant and the prosperous for- 
tune. .iThar^cwill' Ood modmte to Ifchem the-severe fortune, 
both in-rthis.nvorldy.and' in that; to come,* so fehat'.they^ may 
easily bear it, 

§ IV. Well ! wise men, well ! Proceed ye all in the way . 
>ivhich the ilhistriousezamples of the good men, and of the 
men desirous of honour, who were before you,^ point out to 
you. .0,.ye weak and. idle! why are ye .so us^eiSy.and eo 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


/ acfien »ptep Sam^ pipim monnum anb »]:tep ^am^ peopf- 
^eojrnum. hpilce* hi p»pon 15a t5e sep eop paepon. anb hjn* ^e 
t$onne nellon.* ppyan je hiopa ]>eapaf jeacfob habben.'^ him 

J^ onhypian.^ fpa ge rpifojt; ma&jen. FOpfaem hi punnon aeftep 

^ pyppfcipe^ on tJijye populbe. 3 tilebon® jobep hhfan mib 
jobum^^ peopcum. ■] pophcon jobe" bifne fam** Ce s&ptep him 
p»pon. pop^aem hi punia]> nu opep ^sem tun;^um. on eqie 

f t||^gggg^. pop heopa^^ ^obum peopcuni ; • pep enbaf ]>io 
Tpeopbe^* DOC Boccief . anb onjinntJ^* f eorngs^ ', • 

/o\ § V." Da fe ^ij-bom t5a tSij* jpell apehP* haepbe. tJa qwB)> ic. 
Spife pj^ht^^ ip fm lap. Ac ic polbe €e nu mjujian" )>ape 
manijpealban^^ lape ^e 9u me sep ^ehete lye ]>«pg ^^^ 
tonetiohhunre . Ac ic polbe »pept pitan aec fe hpa&)>epjjaiiht^ 
pe f pe opt 2;ehiopa]) f men cpe)^ be pumum Jwnjunij" ' 

i^ fcyle pear j^ eb ypiaiL Dacp8e]>he. ClOe paapehojjjj^^ f *^j 
► icoen 

pif faep f ic oe mopte ^ei»ptan f icJSe aftp^enS;. T j>^nofte . 
/iv^ecaecan rpa rceoptne^ ^ pej. ppa ic rcirptertne nnban iniEce*' 
/ to pmpe c^oe. Ac hitlp |] ga F^ p^* op uncpum pgje. op }>»m 

pe^e fe pit jetiohhob habba]> on to papenne. f ]>»t $a me »p 
JO baebe. hit** pa&pe Ceah nyttpe to jecyppenne** 3 to*^ on- 

ptanne. Ac ic onbpa&be f ic 5e la&be hibpefjibjiep on ]>a pa^f 

op }>inum pege. ^ tSujie mse^e ept ]>ftine pj^tkn ebian . Nip hit 

/ jnan pimbop €eah fufeetypije.^ jip ic f e laBbe | 56 ^™^ f^"^ 

jDa cp8B}) ic. Ne pJeappt pu ho -p onbpa&bon.'" Ac icj^^io ppi^ 

^^fSB^^ Jip Cu me la&bept fibep ic t$e bibbe. Da cp8B)> ne. Ic fe 

pille la&pan bi ppellum. ppa ic tJe ©^e jej bybe. 3 ^e feah 

JO pa&pe hit peap jebyjieb : 

» Boet lib. y. prosa 1.— Turn ego, Recta quidem, inquam, ftc 
» Cott >»m. * Cott. hpylce. » Cott hpy. * Ck)tt nyllen. '» Cott 
haebben. • Cott. onhipian. ' Cott peoii^pcipe. • Cott tiolobon. 
• Cott soobep. " Cott. soobmn. " Cott. soobe. « Cott. >»m. 
" Cott. hiojia. " CottTnop]^ " Cott onsin«. »« Cott apeaht. 
w Cott piht. » Cott nlVn^Sian. " Cott mRnispetlban. *• Bod. 
annhc. *> Cott leoppe. * " Cott pcopcne. «» Cott meahte. ** Cott 
ppij>e peop. ** hit, deest in MS. Cott «• Cott Secipanne. ^ to, 
deest in MS. Cott J* Cott. setiopie. *> Cott bi J^m. ^ Cott 
ODbpvban. ^ Cott7s^»sen. ** Cott popHeiii. ** Cott amlS. 

Digitized by dOOQ iC 

§ v. BOXTHIUS. 241 

enervated P Why will ye not inquire about the wise men, 
and about the men desirous of honour, what they were who 
were before you P And why will ye not then, after ye have 
found out their manners, imitate them, as ye best may P For 
tbej strove aftet honour in this world, and sought good fame 
by good works, and set a good example to those who should 
be after them. Therefore they now awell above the stars, in 
everlasting happiness, for their good works. Here ends the 
fonrth book of Boethiuis, and begins the fifth. 

§ T. WhenWisdom'had ended this discourse, then said I : * 
Very right is thy doctrine. But I would now remind thee 
bruction which thou before promisedst me, 
JBestipation of God. But I wish first to 
ler that be' aught which we often hear, 
that men say concerning some things, that it will happen by 
chance. Then said he: I would rather that I hastened 
towards this, that I might perform to rhee what I before 
promised thee, and might teach thee as short a way, as I 
shortest might find, to thy native country. But this is so 
far out of our way, out of the way which we intended to 
travel, that it would be more expedient to return, and un- 
derstand what thou before askedst me. But I aUo fear that 
La bpuld lead thee hither and th jtliftp ip pa|h ff out of thy way ^ — 
Bothat thpu mightest not again find thV way. It is no 
wonder if thou shouldest grow weary, if I lead thee beside 
the way. Then said I : Thou needest not fear that : but I 
shall be very glad if thou leadest me whither I desire thee. 
Then said he : I will instruct thee by discourses, as I always 
did : and will say to thee, that it is naught that men say, that 
anything may happen by chance. Because everything comes 
from ce^ain things, therefore it has not happened by chance : 
but if it had come from nothing, then it would have happened 
by chance. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

2^2 BtmsFmiuB* chap, xu 

I § YI»T Da cpift5 ic. Ac hponan conii ft nana^ aBfiepti D& 

cp8B)> be. A pijtsottele r mm. beoplin^^ hug^pehte-o n i^cBpe bee* 

))e Fipca hatte» Da cfm^ic. Pu pebtehe h]ic«:.Da cpmiSihB, 

Jj (Pen ci>»bopji i ^iQ: gQIUlle^ htm hpgitrjuBpeniMa%eb\^^ -p ^ 

, f pospfr pjp a fiftgMpeb. jy eke : hpa^ nif^lge. eon^ . .i cmfee l?aBff» 

IfonnelolaiiopI). 7 ]'ecser}>f>niie. j^{ -p pe.peaf ;^cb;^eb. Icpitt? 

71?eab yp q-etbtek^p(8« ga eo|>]>aPi >no nEtbulae;, jae naft inon. »fi jj' 
jolb ^l&p: nie bybbei .]>pi] puBbe he hjtr>iK>.|xip)iy'bitrii8Bf' 
na peaf punben. Ac no* xobcuabet pyetiohknii;! : Ittpfee^one ^ 
/(^hetpdbe.f ]>e ^plb hybber 7 ejrt )>(me^]>er;hb.pdibe -f be hit 

§.yil.?r Da.cp»)> ic. BfleC ic.on^i&e.f bi&.ip xpft:nni' )>tL 

fe^lT- Acic. polbe.iSe acrian bp»l>en Te BBPianB nwrboin^. babfai» 

oS^e »ni2pe'aap^e2ft.hp»t( pe bon. bp»&pe ne n&bon; ^e \v> 

/52obcuabe«fPp)»t»iohbluiQ Ql>l>ef no* ' f^^ ^T nebe >^ ^ ^fp )»a hi* 

pilka : t Da cpiB^ be. . pie bdbba]> mieelae liapeaibbi n]* nasL'^- 

fceabpif jegrceapcs f * iuebbei|FpeobDm; p^i fe. ^fGeabpi)iiwffB^ 

5b»f)», fe m»S ^^^'"^ ) ^^^^^^P^ heipifauamfcalj 

hp8&t.he< onpfnatian fceaL "^ aelc moiihsQ]!]) .Sone piuobom;. ^h^ 

^fB.'c hpmit he .pila.hpnbthe nek. anb tSeah nabba))^ ealle-jqt^abA- 

pij-e^ ^ef^eaj^.^hcnet'ppjrbom. Snglaf habbi^'juhts&boonf 7; 

^obne^ pdlaai .^eattibpaat?: hi pilkna}»P'h] be^a]i pfi|»ee4^.' 

i:oTd?8Bm l>e. hi Pftagf: iHX^Pf^^ 'n» piUmatK ^^ Nif man. ^cf ceaft ]ie» 

bfi&bbe pjpfeom^ ^ • jereeabpij^nerre bucoBD ftii^iifni rj nanaunk- 

2S^^^B^^^ habba^; pmkj^yboinJ.^ ]>y,ma|ias yeahi heepmrCDdb' 

tneapi.^obcunbiuai iSm^nait. Ineajii '^ hablM^ tSttf ]?y.laBff8B^ 
ppybom.'^'^ ]70 hi heopniCDohep pillaa^^ neap.tkff^^ fppialb^ apei' 
lasta^ . Nabbaft, hn influmeTppybom'^^ ^knue • hi .hnpa^ a^unv 
pillum hi lylpe uii]»eafUiii unbej^ieoba^.^^ Aci foaa fpa/ hi' 
J0 heopa?^ CDo&^af^a^?^ pppm jobe. fpai peop)N^ ha^ ablenbe*' 
mib.uiipijboaiew.8pft> peah if an la&hnding/Iiob onr h^'J^atpe- 
J^hban cffif^#v?^)*^:2efyh|i^Wilcef monnejrv^^^mmii^'^hif popbl' 

^ Boet. lib. T. prosa 1. — An est aliquid, tametsi valgus, &c. 

^ Boet. lib. y. prosa 2. — -'Animadverto, inquam, idque uti, &c. 

1 nama, deest in MS. Gott. ' Bod. hpesnunsa. ^ Cott nieobom. 

* Bod. pe. « Cott. hpsf. ^ Bod. habbatS. ? Cott. ealla Sejceabpifa. 

* Cott. Soobne. » Cott >Kt. » Cott. pdma-S. " Cott poj*. « Cott 
pilma'5. *• Cott. ppiobom. " Cott ypeobom. " Cott jryuobom. 
" Cott pilla. " Cott peopulb. " Cott Fpeobom. « Cott heopa. 

, *> Cott nnbephobatJ. " Cott hiopa. *« Cott onpenba'K. "Cott 
hi. «* Cott ceartpe. «» Cott sephtJ. « Cott se>ohc 

Digitized by 


§ TI. Them said It Bot'^exicecemo^thd'.naBiB first Pr 
Tfaeiveaul ht&^i Mjr foebved Atistotte has eipiainBd ib ' in: the. 
book called Phjsica. Then said I : How has he explakued it ? ^ 
Then said be : Men said formerly, when anything hap^yned 
to them unexpectedly, that it happened by chance : as if any 
(ttie should difi^ the earths and, find there a.hoan^of ^d^and 
tbea ^^ thatut .had happened by chance. ? I*#know, nowever, 
that if 'the digger, hkd iUot dug the earth, ,or' man had* .not 
hflfose hid iihegqld thore; thenJie wotdd .not have found. it. 
Therefore it ..WAS n^t found by chajuce. Biit .the. divine pve- 
destinatioa.inBtmcted whom he would .that he should hide, 
the. gold,, and jif terwards whbm^he would, .that he should' 
find it.. 

^ TIL' Thea said I \ . L'p^eeive .-that this is as thou sayest : 
but I would .aah^thee. wliether we* haire any irieedom, ior lany 
power, what we jna^ do, q/nd what we may.not 'do P or whether 
tbe^dmne predestination, or. fate^ compels U9_t 6 what they 
*ill? Thea.saidlhei.We.haTe-much poweri There is no.^ 
utioQaL. creature 'which. has not freedikn. Whosoever ^hks^ 
^'^uon,.i8 able to judge and discern what iie oug^t to desire j 
i&d.what lie ought to-BhiuL^ And every man hasthia freedom,. 
that he Jmowa what he wiUs, and.y^t hid wills JM>t.. And yet 
dliationaL creatuiea have not equal freedom... Angels havet 
'^bt judgmentsiindgQod wiTl; and whJEttever they desirethey; 
yeqr easily obtain^ because^ they desire nothing .wrong; . There 
' ^ lU). created being .which.) has^fireedom and reason except' 
^gels andimen... Men hkve always freeddm;,the more as 
I *bey lead their, mind nearer to divme things ; ,and they have . 
x^nmch the Idss j&eedom, as they lead the will of their mind 
^^fi^^er to. this woddly. honour. They, have not any freedom; 
I Jhen they, of theisiown accord, subject themselveB to vices. 
But tum.away their mind &bmr^d, bo soon\ 
do tiiey become blind with f^lly. But one Almighty GFod^ 
exists in his high' city^ :who sees every; man's thought, and 


Digitized by VjOOQ iC 


/ •] hif b»ba tofc»t. 3^ 
Da fe ^ifbom fa J>if rpel 
])uf cp»]>. 



Bfdbb hiefbe. ^ onjann he finnan ;) 

§ L DeAtffOin 


5 p«r. p par J 

relert . feah ^ 


mnre xoba rceop^ H»»»i 



V jn»S hen }>eyli 

ne m»^ hio eaU 

f a xerceapga. ])e heo^ e ycinan mae^. 
t:T gefcip aji. ne ealle innantjieonfe- 

/^fcman. Ac mj ]>am selmihci^an Irobe fpa. ]ie if fc^penb 

//ealpa ^efceapta. he jereoj^ 3 ^jih):$o]» ealle hij- ^^fceafta 

ttenbemej t.jSone mon maej hatan buton leaf e f oJ>e Sonne : . 

' § 117 Da fe ^ifbom fa tJif leof ajTinjen haepbe. fa jefpy- 

gobe* he ane IJcle hpile. Da cpaef ic. 8um tpeo me* h«j}> 

jtjrfpife jebpepeb. Da cpael) he. Ppa^ if fe. Da cpaef ic. pic if 

^ p f u f ejijr* f Jjob ryile a&Ucumtepybom^ fpa gob* to bonne. 

fpa jrpel. fpaefep he pille. anb bu f ejgi eac^ Dob pite jelc^ fmj 

gT4 hic jepyjif e.® 3 f u f egft^o ^^ ^^^n f m^ pyjyf y^^^iifef hy 

He ot58e jefapje.^' 3 "Su fejft^' f hic fcyle eall papan 

l^eciohhob habbe.^* Nu ipunbpie ic f »f hpy he jefapje 

. men habban^^ f onerpybom^* f hi majon^7 ^Qn j^ 

i ypel fpa&fep fpa hi pillan. iSonne he »npat ^ hi ypel bon 

^ .Da cp»f he. Ic f e ma&g fpif e eaf e jjegibpjjib^ f»f 

fpellet. Pu polbe fe nulician^® gphpylc fpife pice cynugjepe 

^^ na&rae na6nne\|p jne^* mon on eallon hif juce. ac]^pon ealle" 

ifeope.tPa cpaepMC. Ne fuhte hit me nauhc^ pihthc. ne eac 

^T ^pireifli c.'^ jip him f ceolban f eope men f enijan.^ Da cp«f 

y ' iKeVPpJpt paepe unjecjnbhcpe.^* yp Ijo b na& pbe on eallum hip 

imbep hir anpSaib^popf»m hej^ 
?0 fceogt^a jepceabp ipaill^^^ge fceapt^ en^ap 3 men. fam 

'*■ Boet.\lib. y. metrum 2« — Pnro clamm lumine Phodbmn, &c. 

y Boet. nb. v. prosa 8.— Turn ego, En, inquam, &c. 

» Cott ale « Cott. sefpusobe. » Bod. tuna. * Cott p©?!*- 
» Cott. fellfe »lcum men ppeobom. • Cott goob. ' Cott r»a* f 
pite»lc. \* Bod.T»nen. » Cott SepeopJ>e. »• Cott f ©gpt. "Cott. 
Sepeop>e. 1^ Uofl. geFape. " Cott pwspt. " Cott hebbe. " Cott 
h»bben. >« Cott ppeobom. w Cott. masen. *• Bod. he nn loaan. 
» CotthECgfiBje. «• Cott. no. 21 Cott nauht gepif enlic " Cott 
l>enian| » Cott D»t p»pe nncynliqie. •* Cott Sefceapt. ** Cott 
Sep ceabmra. ^ « Cott Wo. 

Digitized by 


§ I. II. BOBTHnrg. ■ 245 

discerns his words and his deeds, and renders to every one 
according to his works. When Wisdom had made this speech, 
then began he to sing, and thus said : 


JQ H Homer the ^ good p6el ^wh» with the Greeks 
'^ "--- Virglfs m ^----^ •-! ^i 

yjw the best^ ^he was Virgirs master ; Virgil was with the 
Latin men the best, though Hbmer in his poems greatly 
praised th e natare of the sun^ and £er excellences, and her 
Drt^htneaa : yet she cannot shine upon all creatures^ nor those 
creatures which she mav shine Tipon. can she shine lippn-al l 
equally^ nor shine through ihem all within. J5ut it is noi so 
witn tne Almighty Gt)d, who is the maker of all creatures^ 
He beholds and sees through all his creatures equally. Hini 
we may call, without falsehood, the true sun. 

§ II. When Wisdom had sung this lay, then was he silent 
a little while. Then said I : 'A certain doubt has much troubled 
me. Then said he : What is that P Then said I : It is this, 
that thou sayest that Qod gives to everyone freedom as well 
to do^good as evil, whichsoever he will : and thou sayest also 
that jGod knows everything before it comes to pass ; and thou 
Bayeit aJso, that nothing coD agaJiQ4)a8 Sjinle8B God wills and 
permits it : and thou sayest that it must ail proceeil as he has 
ordained. Nowtl wonder at this, why he permits that wicked 
men have the frieedom that they may do either good or evil, 
whichsoever they will, since he before knows that they will do 
evil. Then said he : I can very easily answer thee this inquiry. 
How would it pteaBethee; if- there were some very powerful 
king, and he had not any free man in all his realm, but all 
were slaved P ~ Then said I : I should not think itjit all right, 
or moreover suitable, if men in a state of skvery^skouldrserve 
him. Then said he: How much more unnatural would* it be, 
if God had not in all his kingdom any free creature under his 
power P Therefore he created two rational creatures free, 

Digitized by VjOOQI^ 


/ he 3; eap imcleyace "imcobomer. ip hi mopcm^rbon n» 50b fpa 


Faejre » mib faftjie^jife'lelcum tanm^ of hip enfae. ^uy re 

pnybom.^ |>cet te*^ mon mot bon -p he pile , anb f if po » ^ pk 
lelcum men be hir xepyphtum aBJ;]>ppfee on ^ijje populbet^e on 
faepe topeapban ppa ^* ppaypefjpsefeji he bef . -^ men ma^an^ 
beptan )>«phjK>n^ppybom^^ ppahpn&ppahq piDa)>. bixton bea)) 
hi namagonlpopcyppan. a&C/ hi . hine/ maxon mib. gobwm^^pe- 
^ apcum*^gQEaa;f he fy^^ lacop cym]>; ^e pippjiwi o)) opdbolu 
/Ohme hpJiim lettftf ^p mon to ^obum^' vewaee . ne~ cphaspe 
habbai\.sobne^ pillan. -p ip 50b. 'Dft cp»J> ic. p^cl fu me^^t 

/^apetne onr^m t^eoiL "j on ^pe ^ebpepebn^e J^e ic <aB|vw 
p«p^e:f8Mmieobome. . Ag 10 eom nu^et onnudemapan ge- 
bpepebneppei^eunpotfob.. ptdneahop opmohn^ppe. I Da cysdf^he, 

./J'-Pf»t ip: pio micle..uBpocnep." Da.opie]> ic.f.pit*^ ip jaafibi^ 

Eobe^ Eopetiohhup^e. . .pop|>am^7 pe gahf^)> » hjnhim pecjan f 

. Lit pcyle eaU ppa gepypf an" j^ia ppa Hob jet^ ppumanr ^etioUiob 

rhaepbe. I'^.hit ne mseie. nan mon apenban.^^ Nu ^mcp me f 

y he boi poh . ^coone he.aTia ^^|?a ioban. ^*^ '3. eaq>]x)Bn6 kej^na^ 

^^ypelaji. gip f{fQ} ip. ^ hit him ppa i^epceapen. fmvjfh^ 
mopcon ellep bonv unnvthce; pe rpmcab ^nne> pa untebibbab. 
J tJonne pe pa^atJ. otSSeia&lmeppan p^)>. ^ip f e hip nahba]^ t$y 
mapan 15anc. )ionne^^ V^'p^ ot^ eaUnm^dinsam^^abSi^onhiqia 
avenue pillan. ,-] aptep^^ hiopa hchoman Ivpse ipna]) :• 

2fS ;§ :in.' Da . cpa&]?. he. ©ip ijj pw' ealbe piogptt ^ '&i 'hn!3;e 
piofobopt.^' •j.mamje eacl a&p ^. ]>apa papTpam .GDapenp. ofpe 
naman ,TllJlI^p. {ipibbaoi naman he, po^p.gehatfoi 'lae^io. ^* 
paep Romana hepetc^. pQpa&p.u^to. pe>pa&p ppijie abip^obimb 
. SsBpe ylcan ^ pppaece. . Ac . he hi ner^mtthte . bpmgan: to nammi 

^0.ehbe ^Dj-pone timan.^^ .pop)?y he^pa OOob pap^^ial^ob m^gje 
populbe jullmmga:^^ . Ac. jc ^e pecge. gip j^i fSp .ip |! g^ 

^t. ^t pa&pfuniiet gebob on'^obcwabum boomni^/Jwob 

* iBoetj:Hb.' r^ pioia 4b— Turn illa,'TiBtu8j<mquiV>&c 
. 1^twxi. 4^ Oott^ rp»^p. * Cott^ iwlben. 1 Gdtt. fBiflbe. 
«Catt. men. « Cottjjpeobto. '.Cott,re. "Cottsoob. «Cott 
mason. wtJott. n»ebbom. " Cott soobmn. « Cott |>e. " Cott 
Soobmn. " Cott ^oobne. ^* ]>p»t if po micle nnjiotnef, desnnt 
in MS. Bod. » Bod. Dif. " Cott fop>»m. " Cott. sepeopJ>an. 
w Cott onpenban. »• Cott Sooban. «» Cott J>y. ** hiopa agenne 
pillan. -J »Fte]i, dcstmt in MS. Cott ** Cott popobef . ^ Cott fe. 
3' Cott f op[yy he ne meahte ne nan mon on j^one timan |>a fpp»ce to 
nanum enbe bpin^an. » Cott p»r. ^ Cott peopnlbe mlnunsa- 


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.§ HI. SOITKIPS. 247 

angels and men. Tg theea he gave: the ggeJitcyifb df fgeedom, 

that . they might ido either good jort«vil,>{virhiohsoever:tbe7 

would. .He. gave: a very laure .gifty^aiDd arireryjssire Ja(w with 

the . giftr to .«very man luddl his end. That is the freedoig, 

that man may do -what be.will ; wA that, is t the law, .which 

renders to every mauracoordong . to his wiorks, i.both . in * this 

world, and in that to come^igodd orevil, whichsoeveEihe does. 

And men may attam through this freedom whateoevert they 

-will, except that they cannot; avoid deatii. But:^ie;^jUl^ >by 

^good works delays it , > so that it may ooBte. later : _and imooe- 

fover, they may some^mes defer it till oM age,) if.tthey do not 

^ase to have ;good will to, good weikSj.thatui^.good. Thea 

said I: Well hast thon set me- riy^fc in: thedoiibt^aDd in the 

trouble wheeeiin I before was ocascennngs fceed^. dBut* Lam 

'Still disquieted with rmuch more toou&e, almost , to. despair. 

'Then said hq : What isithis.gveat.dUsqpidet ? jTheoisaidl : :It 

is coneeming' th ^ j;)rgdeBtination lof Bad. . iFon-we sometimes 

bear say^ that everything must so. oome. to pa68F'.as Godiat the 

beginning had decreed, oni. that; no man can; alter it. Now 

methioks that he. does wrong, when be honours tbe-good^ and 

also when she, puaMshes the wicked, if it is.tme that it was so 

ordained to them that they oould not do otherwise. .In. vain 

we labottr yhen we pray, aad'.when,we fast, or give alms, if 

we have, not thwefore-more JGavour tlian those .who in jail 

things walk accocding to .their .own will^.ahd ran a£(ser their 

bodily lust. 

§ III. Th€a> said he :' Thia i& the oldcomplaint, which thou 
bast long bewailedi and many also befiMre. thee : osne of whom 
"^as a certain. Marcus, by another name.TaEius ; by a third 
name he was called. Cicero, who -waa a conatil of 4^e Bomans. 
He was a philosophfif . He was very much occupied with this 
^me tquest^^TH^inie could notJ^rmgit to any •end at that 
^lae, because their mind was ocenpicfd with the desires of this 
^orld. But I say to* thee, if that is trua^which ye say, it was 
a vain command, in divine.boaks^hick'9od commanded^thi^ 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 




/ mon f cealbe^ poplsetau ^1 -^ bon j^ob.^ 3 ept f e cpibe t$e he 

cfB&f. fpa mon ma fpmc^. fpa mon mapan mebe onfeh]?. "^ ic 

pui^bpi^e hpi ]>u h»bbe popjiten eall f f pit »p fppaecon. pit 

fSBbon »p f po jobcunbe p opetiohhun^ »lc job pophce. anb 

J nan ypd. ne nan ne tiolihobe co p^cenne.' ne naeppe ne 

popbte. je pup)>um -p pic ^epeahcon^ to jobe.^ faet polcifcum 

monnum ypel ^uhte. f pief f mon ppaece anb pitnobe bpone 

pop hip yple. pu ne paebe* pic eac on'^ *ippe ilcan bee. f Eob 

haepbe ^etiobhob ppybom Co pyllenne® monnum, ^ ppa bybe.' 5 

/^jip hi^® tJone ppybom cela jeliealbon.^^ f he hi polbe pp lye 

// peopj^ian mibjecfijjice.^* n xip lu t$one ppybom^ jonheolben . f 

Ee hi tTonne polbe pitman mib bea]?e. pe teohhobe^* }pp hi 

hpaBC jepynjobon" on pam ppybomeV^ f hi hic epc on ^am" 

ppeobome mib hpeoppim^e gebecon.** 3 jip hiopa hpilc'^ pp» 

/5' heapbheont p»n e f he nane hpeoppunj^e ne hjfbe, f he ]H)nDe 

/.^h»pbe pihtbcpite. 6a]la jepceaptaheh»pbe2etnqhhob-&Q]?$.'® 

/vburon en^him anb jndnmim. i^j^gyj^'^ njipa ^a^f^Mfn^ jifippg 

/ n^. hi healbaf^ hiopa ]>enun^a oJ> bomep baaj. Ac j >a menni 

Pa enrfap . l>e nieo'* nnc . popl»ta]> hiopa fenimja.** Vp«t^ 

^majon men cpefan^ pio jobcunbe popetiohhun^ jetiohhc^ 

haepbe ^aep J>e hio n^Jujihcuje. ot$8e hu m ay n hi 1 " 

f hi ne mayn ^Ob^ bon. nu hic appiteri if ^ 

8&lcum men aapcep^® hip jepjTihtum. Ppy pcea' 

monn bion ibel. ^ he ne pfiQp£fi,f* Da cpa&J) ic. 

"■ " K»o i,ai„a i-ruMr^^^T.'rJ minep OOobcp. 


^/haBprcteppylpob*^ fa&pe tp 
fnn;^a'^^e icUe acpobe.'^ 
ppp»ce 6e me pob*^ tpeof. 
ic. Eeno^ me ip cup'* f ?^ 
/^el . asp hit gepyppe.'^ a 

JO pceal unapenbenblice*' -p ] 

> Cott. pceolbe. 
» Cott Soobom. 
bom CO pellanne. 
tolanse heolbon. 
" Cott SepynS' 
>e]>a. 2 

" Cott. alabii 
^ Cott pyp( 

9e polbe ^et 
cp8&]? he. Ppa&t 
; ^ eall' 
nac hps&pep hit ea 
-] ^etiohhob h»p]>. 

le a&Bi; 

]>8Bpe ac- 

sn" puinc 






s Cott/soob. ' Cott pypcaAne. 
* CUt/n. piebon. ? Qott. eac »p 

•^Bod. biobe. » Cott. he. 
^Cott hpe. *• Cott. ppeobom 
»« Cott >aBin ppeobome. " 
" Cott hpylc. «» Cott 
. habbat?. » Bod. >eppise. 

*• Cott maesen goob. ^ Coti 
* Cott seppeolpob. » Cott apcunsa. « Cott. 
ahpabe. ' « Cott. acpan. »* Cott. ymbe. »» Cott cu« me if- 

"Cottsoob. "^ Cott peop]>e. * Cott S^peophan. »Cott. 


. y>eoij 

Bod. sepahcon. 

« Cott ppeo- 

Cott ppeobom 

Cott. tiohhobe. 

>»m. » Cott 

«» Cott FopJ»y 

•* Cott. J>eSiMiiiS«' 

« Cott be. 


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§ni. BOBTHIUB. ■ 249 

man should forsake evil and do good ; and again the saying 
which he said, that as man labours more, so shall he receive 
greater reward. And I wonder why thou shouldest have for- 
gotten all that we before mentioned. We before said that the 
divine predestination wrought all good, and no evil : nor de- 
creed to work, nor ever wrought any. Moreover, we proved 
that to'be good which to vulgar men seemed evil : that is, that 
man should afflict or punish any one for his evil. Did we not 
also say in this same book, that G-od had decreed to give 
freedom to men, and so did ; and if they exercised the freedom 
well, that he would greatly honour them with eternal power ; 
and if they abused the freedom, that he would then punish 
them with death? He ordained that if they at all sinned 
through* the freedom, they afterwards through the freedom 
should make amends for it by repentance ; and that if any 
of them were so hard-hearted that he did not repent, he 
should have just punishment. All creatures he had made 
servile except angels and men. Because the other creatures 
are servile, they perform their services till doomsday. But 
men and angels, vyho are free, forsake their services. How 
can men say that the divine predestination had decreed what 
it fulfils not P Or how can they excuse themselves that they 
sliould not do good, when it is written that God will requite 
every man according to his works P Wherefore, then, should 
any man be idle, that he work not ? Then said I : Thou hast 
sufficiently relieved me from the doubting of my mind by the 
questions which I have asked thee. But I would still ask 
thee a question, which I am perplexed about. Then said he : 
What IS that? Then said I: I am well aware that God 
knows everything beforehand, both good and evil, before it 
happens, but I know not whether it all shall unchangeably 
happen, which he knows and has decreed. Then said he : It 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

250 B0STHroS. CHAP. XII. 

/ Ne^ )>0&PF ^^ ^o ®^ )$^op)»on^ anapenbenbhce.' Ac fum he 

fceal ^epeo|i]nDiiiiiafenbeiiblice.^ f fal> "C te une Htb^eapp^ b)>. 

•3 hi J- piMa bif . Ac hit if pun fpa jepab f hif nif nan iie6bpe«fipl 

'] ])eah ne bejia))^ no ^ah hit ^epiopt>e.^ ne nan heapm ne hi}. 

f "Beah hit*: none %effpipe,^ Ifejiencnu be J>e'ffelpSTEpS|>ep J«i 

»njj ^nj ffa jtsBfte^o j^iobbbb hsebbe f J)** J>ynce*^ jj hic 

n»Fpe }>inuHi pilmn onfenbeb'^ peop]>e. ne ^u buton l>'eon^' Be 

S m»je. otStSe hf8ft]»ep ]m ept on sen^^um je)>eahBe rpa tp^aebe 

fie. ^ ^e heilpe' hpfie}>ep hit jopyf^fe.** ^ hi&w) ne J^pypfe.** 

/^ Fela ir g»pa^ * Innja 8e Eob aop j«t 8»p hit 5ef]^)>e.*^ -^ pat eac 

f hit bepaj>" hif ^efceaftum jip hit ^epypf. nat he bit- no 

Fopt^)" ^eli® P*tt« f i»*^ S^PyPf®*** '^^. F^P ft ^® '-^^ P^^® F^P" 
pypnan^^ f lit ne Xe7;^fe.^ fpa j-pa 7;n^ ■ rrip|-fcjrpt«'^ onjic 

//i micehie pinb hpeof^ »p'»p -hit peopfe!**^5S^^^|^te«i:i 

/ /jgj. "] eac hpilum lecjan JwneiniBft. anb lceran> ^alpgtinxS^ 

jij he »p ]>peopef pinber ^ bestte. psepnaji^ he hine*® pip f 

/^ § IV.*.Dacp»}> ic. Spt^ pel gu jaim lhgcfftnxcbolpen gt 
pepe fpp«Bce. anb ic punbpije hpr fpa ma&ni^e pipe men fpa 

MWf^ fpanccn*7 mib tsB/pe fppeee. anb fpa litel**'gepif punboi. 

Da cp»J> he. Pps&f panbpaft Cu )?»p fpa fpi)>e. fpae^ fpa hit 

If to on^tanne. pu ne paft iSnf manij tSinc^^^ne bif no on- 

• 5iten fpa rpa Int bij>. ac ppa Fpa ^W^'^^W'^X "^^t ^f P« f«P 

-8&ftcp fpipa]>. Spilciffe pifbom^hmenemBBj*^ nan mon op 

^/)>iff populbe'^ on^itan. fpilcne*^ fpdce** he if. Ac aelc yw&J^ 
hif anbjitef medpe "f he hine polbe Km^tan jiphe* imhte.** lie 
re pifbom ma&j uf-'eallunja^^onjitan fpilc^^ fpilce'* pepnb;'* 

^#T$eah pe hme ne majon"on^tan eallunja fpilce fpilce*' he if. 

» Boet lib^ ▼. proM 4.--^Ci:9iu>erron8 «a«ia est, &c 

1 Ne, deest in HS. Cdtt. - ' Cott S«reop|ran. > Oott. vnaiipenbeDb- 

hce. * Cott. iieb|>eapi]p. « Cott neb^eapf. * Ccrtt.* bepe^. ^ Cott 

Sepeop>e. » hit, deest in MS. Cott. ' • Cott Sepeop^e. *• Cott 

F»rt. " Cott. >mce. »« Cott. onpenbne. " Cott. bion. " Cott. 

Sepeop>e. " Cott. >apa. »6 Cott. SepeopK. »▼ Cott. bepe«. 

" Cott. Sepeop>e. »• Cott. poppeojman. 20 Cott. sepeop>e. " Cott 

goob f cipftioepa. " Cott. on hpeope f» »p »p hit Sepeop>e. " Cott 

^h|^ " Cott b»tmj;e. « Cott papena«. « he hme, desunt in 

y^ SlSr Cott. •' Bod. sefpuncen. » Cott lytd. » Cott >inS- 

» Bod. J>pilc nyy ^^f bom ne m»s. « Cott peopulbe. " Cott 

rpylcne. »^ott rpylce. ■* Cott. meahte. »» Cott. fpylcc- 

* Cott fmt. "^ Cott fpylcne fpylce. 

Digitized by Google j 

§iv. BiesTHreB. ^1 

need. not iQl .happen' tmehangeably. But some of it shall 
Jiappen unobangesbiy, that is, what shall be our necessity, 
and shall be .his wilL But some of itis^soiarranged that it 
is not necessary, »nd yet hurts not if it h»pp»i ; nor is the^ 
any harm if it- do not happen. ' Consider now ocmceming 
tbyself, whetber thooi hast-so'.finnly 'designed aoiy thing; that 
thou thinkest that ib siever with* thy consent may be oh^ged, 
Aor tbon«xist ^without, i^. Or. whet her thou again in any 
design :*aH; tso '■ inoonsistent, that it aids thee, \ whether it 
happen, or idrbeiiberit happen not. * Many ^a one is there ^ 
t hetbroys which God knows before it may nappi^, and knows 
aisatEatit wall bwt his oreHtures if it happen. He does not 
know it, bemmse be <wiQs that it(Should happen^ but because 
he w:^8 to provide that it may not happen. Thus & good pilot 
perceives a great storm of wind before it happens, and fi;ive8 _ 
orde r to fori Uie sail, and moreover sometimes' to lower the a 
nla8t,^aIKi let* go> the cable, if he firsts restiain the p^ryeys^ M^ ^ 
♦^nd,««^vf0fpij(MridB8 against the storm. i»<5^^.*u^-^ ^S^ jl^ 

§>iy.JTbfiiiy88id I : Verywell hast thou assisted me ini this /Ur^^^. 
^aigoment ;^aiid J ^'wonder why^so many wise men- have so a^^^ 
^atly laboured witb this question, and found i so little cer- 
tain. Theoi; said he : .What dost thouso greatly <wonder at, 
^ easy ids to undeamtandf .Dost' tboni not kinow that 
inanyia* thing is xiot understood! according: as it is, but ae- 
ooimng ta the jneasure of the understanding' which inquires 
-after it ? ; Such iawiadom ^ that no> man iO'this world can com- 
prehend it. such, as itis. Bttevery one strives, according to 
l^e measure iof his .understanfding, that he might comprehend 
it if he could. iBut wisdom js^aUerto entirely comprehend us 
SQch as- werju*e/,tho&^ -wei'cannot<}entireiy' comprehend it 

Digitized by 


^ I 




neTif ne pijinj?" f pe ypd Jfeon. popgun" Je he up feal&e ppy^ 
5 bom.*' Ic %e m»j eac tsecanpune bifne. j^ f u W e^** on^ican 
^imihc** ^a jTppaece. l)j?«t^^ bu part '^ lenhc. "fhehepner . anb 
y keppebner: on^ita]? ^dne lichoman teif moiinef ^ feali ne on- 
' ^icafTThine no ^^eLcne, '^ ^ 

onxica]) 111 )>eah ^one h<^oman ei 
MpoTTeirnebner hine m»x' 

onxica}> f hisehiopaj> 
;a fpjrlcne ppj^lce he bif . 

^ ne 

' bif . 

iT^erpeban f hic bchoma 

i)> 6e blac tSe hyit. ge 

»c irpuman ceppe.*^ fpa & 

A bi».' ac hio ne ma&t[xer__ 

y»xen l>e unptexep. ! ac po xer 

eajan on bepob. Bio*^, onpca]> ealle ^one anbplitan ba&f licho- 
/i&man. Ac ic polbe xet' neccan rume'Hiace^ f ^u pip'e^^ hpasf fu 
y/punbpebep: : • ** 

§ y.^ Da cp»)' ic. Pp»t If f . Da cp»]> be. Pit if f j-e an 

monn onjitt*' f f he on oypxxm on^t fynbephce. he hine ^ 
^ yt pu ph %aeagm jjnbephce. ^ nph ga eapan fynbephce., g i^ 
^ hif pflftfefilfan fynb epiice. guph gef ceafepi]Tieff e f fafeigp lifig^. fafit 
^^gepif anbjit^ COonije pnt cpucepa** ^efceapta unftiTiiei^. fpa 

fpa nu r^Ipj-ca,f ^ f mt. anb habba]> tJeah fumnebei tinb^tcf . 

f opf aBrirt^^mihcon^ ellef Lbbon.^ jif hi na n Xpoc anbjicg* 

na&fbon. pune ma^on ^epon. pimft mii^i;nn gehyppn^g'pimg 
J^ jefpebon.^ ru me'tgerti ncan . Ac ^a ftjrpienban'n^enu pnt 
^/monnum jeliCJI^. poppain hy habba]> eall 'B Spi'tmftypienban 
2t habbaf. •] eac mape to. ^ if. f hio hypigahsy^oMuun. lupaf 

* ]j[i lupa)?. anb hatiab ^ hi hatial>. ^FJvp M |[ hi hatn4>. "] fecaf 

p hi luf la]?. Da men ^onne habba]> ean^.pe^p ymbe fppascon. 

5 eac to eacan ^a&m mide ^ipe jerp^pifneffe. Baj^k^ Sonne 
J(> habba]> jj epif anbtit . Fop]?aem pm^f fceacta'^ ]^f j^ef ceapene. 
J/ f ]>a unftypienban hi ne aheb|>^ opep t$a ftynienban. ne him 

iliqoid, &c 

* Cott. jjoob. * Cott 
Cott hpa]>op. » Cott. 
Cott soob.^"*^ " pott pepnlS. w^Cott 
im. " Cott >e 'U. " Cott meahee. 

^ Boet lib. v. prosa 4 — 5.-^eqne enim sensns 
» eall, deest in MS. Cott./ « Cott peopc. 
Sepopbene. "Cott paji^m. • Cott neb. 

popb»nL "Ct 

i« Bod. D»c. " jryicne j^ylce he biU. po sepiebnef hine m»s» de«ont 
in MS. Bod. ^f^od. seSpapiaU. »» Cott nfumceppe. «» Bod. et 
Cott hL «» Bbd. pp%p:. « Cott punbj^obe. «• Cott onjic. 

** Bod. cucepe^^ ** Bod, nrcaf. «• Cott me4hton. « Cott hbban. 
M Cott sehipan. » Cott s5?«>an. » Cott. Iii onhypia'S. » Cott 
Tpho«. »* Cott sepceajxa. 

Digitized by 



§ V. BOXTHirs. 253 

such as it is. For wisdom is Ood. He sees all oar works, 
both good and e^il, before thej are done, or even thon^bt of. 
But be does not compel us tbe more, sojlmtwejoefisfiaaril^ 
miMtdojgood, nor prevent us from diding evil ; because be 
fiaagiven us freedom. I can also sbow thee some examples, 
whereby thou mayest.more easily understand this discourse. 
Thou knowest that sifi;ht ^ and hearing, and feeling, :pai»eeive 
the body of ff man, abd yet they perceive it not alikb. The 
ears perceive ibat Wbicb they bear, and yet they perceive not 
the body altogether siicb as it is. The feeling may touefa it, 
and feel that it is a^boidy, but cannot feelwhether it be black 
or white^ fair or not fair . But the sight in the first instance, 
aa the eyes look thereon, perceives all the form of the body. 
But I would still give some explanation, that thou mayest 
understand that which thou wast wondering at. 

§ y . Then said I : What is that ? Then said he : It is that 
the same man perceives in separate ways what he perceives in 
others. He perceives it through the eyes separately ; through 
the ears separately; through his imaginatioi^ separately; 
through reason separately, through intelligence. Many living 
creatures are unmoving, as, for instance, shell^fishes are, and 
have, nevertheless, some portion of sense, for they could not 
otherwise live, if they had no particle of* sense. Some can 
see; some can hear; some com feel : gome can smell. But 
the moving beasts are more like to men, because they have 
all which the uiimoving have, and also more ; that is, that jp 
they Tpiiitatemei^ love what they love, and hate what they ^y^*Y 
hate ; and "gy^Sw what tbev hate , and seek what they love\ 7^ 
But men have all that we before mentioned, and also, in ad- 
dition thereto, the great gift of reason. But angels have in- 
telligenqe. On this account are the creatures thus formed, 
that the unmoving may not exalt themselves above the 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 




/ pi]>.ne pinBBix. ne-jw jt^ienbaa op^ ^imeik'Jie i$t men? ofepn 
t$a £Dgiaf . ne ^a. en^lB^ ytp Iiobv . Ac f ipieajunUb^.j^ fe>sifl8fta 
bad monnane |-ee^ omf -^ him pofippeft ij*. ipAy^efeetibpqvieff, 
ne j^ US* f e^^ ^ ium^ lopep ip -p ip ft en^pr habb^» 'j yipe mhub;; 
SfVf Z'^T anb^ee. Ac meft monaa nu^ oat^jw^^ nn neaxsum 
on fwsa f lu piBmifi >popiilb' lupta ipp» ^pps.' uBbeniiu . Ac .^qi fe* 
job hmfbom sBsagaebKl unspio^enbep a a fagifeq^ FF* TP* engiap 
habba6. ]>t>iine«iiiibJce 'p«.«oii2itoii^'^*^anbgec.^bi]>:imole beteper 
Sbnne upeej^pceabpquappe.^ Ddabfipf pela tymBan^ • pg«iiabb«^: 
/^ liQellhe}'2ea|iD|H^nm ^juton tp eoau . acTpjan ei^Um* TByinaii- rpeo 
namep ]>»pm ^bS*^' ]>e bs pitxon. Tp«^. i$T up rEuopaa^^ei^piiscK ppS^^.^a''66mwu)ie'j^€^eabpipn^e.. j-pa xque-i^^eeeahpqniBfpe. 
ip bei5ep8i}>oiiiie(ii^eiia^ iAb^piet(ri$ite»^8Bf!^epi&tep'»ai9 bnis 
/^ ^^'bim* popj^n ip.' aa)>qiiJ (y^e "hpopvixB .maeom ciffe toApcn 
//jmga. Ac uconuniiubAbban. upe'^^CDSSTTuptppa ppaipefy^cmejt;: 
/^mai^ea |g)> g»r /bea nhpopeplw iHBb|«»nt anb^np/ jtrfri ,T«i«|rft 
/7 h?icsbhcort» cumoDi n' ^ftiiCOit;i t»:» fu 

' m^ 1 come.: 7>»p masg : fm CDob ^ f to ^pcea^i|f»ef Tcpeoa 
opaEthce-.f '^ bmnmiiiymb tpeo)» a^cep tSm^^tfj .atK^enfeg be/ 
2jD t$tepe ' ^obamban' ) gopecceayunae . .]Ni pe^mx: i of^i ynb ^pp«x>ii; 
t^r be.iipum ppybbme j]gcg Tpatba* eaflttmi giii^iimii • » 

§» YI.^ Dape pSfrbom'^ai}>ip ppell .apiBb-baBfbBuj)aaoi^aivbet 

^pingan' "] 'I'up cp»^^1pBp»c< ]>ii<inabc:oflgtt»iu fr manijc^^ip) 

mipclicecpepenbe'^eonb^ eop))aiL:i'3 pm&jpijie'iuii^eliJcef E^ep; 3 

^,J* imgeLce pana». .pme hcy^a^- mib edton bcha 

f/^ pa^TLipenbe;i3|ina>i '^ ' ^"^ 

tttma]?» 1 nun»A)i^ tpiopeg e. 
/ \ ^ ^Bg, ftoab bio|>} op bujie .Ti^ber.piiiJiyagiy A *wp}nnj . ^ j^iben' 

iic^a^- mib edton bchaiinnyoiBeofitoin , ry' 
bim Daat)!en me rpe&" n ypliepapi imI^ W' 
op^e. niime|popcpp^e .!T™»^#Besctg&a. 
bone ' nealbel. vil> ; . bWn» - eonbftm 1 .t 1>ibeii* 

pUlnia!^. jot>^>e 1>iBr «l)e . hi; ; lto^ o))^te . ]?«p ^ ] >e 1^ bff ]»npp>'^^ » . A r. pe* 

^oiine^)»6pj ik/U^* "^iCDob 
5i2reT^i^m }>ip» k<^:ap9iij< 

e(mo))Opop }>oiiiie jwlichomac. w 
h»pbe^ t$a'cp»^ibet . 

F Boet. lib. v. metrom 5.— -)^aam variis terras animalia, &c. 

' Ck>tt. reca%. 2 nn, da^t in MS. Bod. > Bod. onptypwiS. « Cott 
jepceabpipneppie. » Cott. fmeaseh. « Cott. netan. ^ Cott ppeo- 
lome • Bod. seen. / » Cott. pe fipbom J>a Jnp leo^ 

Digitized by VjOOQ iC 




moying, or strive witb tbem : nor the moving, above men ; 
nor men above the angels ; nor the angels against G-od. But 
it is wretched that the" greatest p^iof men do not look on 
that which is given them, that is reason: nor regard that 
whiizh israboveithemv that is, what juigelsi and wiBet^xien: have, 
luunefy^intdligeBcev: ButsnoBit maa imitale oattlovinasHuach 
a8:th^ follow woddty lusts, like caitlewr. But i£ we«had any ' 
portioziof' undoabtiDg^inteUigence) asmagelaliavev^then might v 
^.p»eeure -that that. inteliigeac& i& .much .be^eri than oor^^ 
rsasonu . Thoujghrw^jcoatemplateinanjvthiagiB^ ,we haKeditile^ 
iiadentanding^ fieajfrom doubt. Bat <toi the< ang^si theve^ is : 
lUM c[bQUiu>f ^aaj of the f&ingS'whioh^thaj^knDW/; : theieforer is - 
tkeif undenriradmg. asemuch ibettorithaorKMir.'reaara^ aa>jOUC: 
i^B&sonis b&ttte'thaii.the understaBadiogT'oCicaitdena^jor anyv 
postioa (^-thatiinteEsctrwhichida given them^ either .to prone 
ca|btie^ or toe ttboaemo^ipvoDe j . Bilt . let i us jnow' elevate' our 
iBusds, .aaf we^bigheefc.may^ t6wa2dfl the high- roof, of the 
ntpi«raB*.iBW£genae^ thatithoui niayfst'vmoet readilj and 
mQstie88}l3rGon]0i!to:*thiDB own:coaatrj^ whenoe tbouitbefora> 
csnestz . ThJerecmaj'th^inind; and. thy reaaonisee. plainly that . 
^^h itiKMic dool^taboatdn everything;^ botk concerning! the: 
faii» f(»Bfc y^ pip3^flgrfi^: iditch;wft have.oftenidiscoiirsed about; 
^ canoenii]ig.t)iir:freed0m:) -.and.conoenung^jall thinga^ 

^jYL WhearWtsddm had e!Qded.thi8!Bpeechj<then began he 
^sing, aad^iihasisaid : .Thou mayest perceive^ that: many an 
^a^anoves varioualy iq)on the earth, aad ^i^y axe of very, 
fisiioilar form, and gp^ dxiS&rentily. Soma lie with the.whole 
S fe xm; tfae'iearth , and so. 'go creeping „.beeaafle neither 
J* wings. sBppODt theBQi: aadisomeTaMt twro-lbdt^dr^ome. 
'w-footed 5 8om» flying. ; .a&d :all, ztevertl^i^fiflfi, are inclined. 
S gawarda.toyaiad s theieartfa,.5S t iterseAteitber what they . 
roB wba& :iB . naedliui • fw ■ tkem^ But maa alone goes up-- 
^ht. .This betokaaatbat hetoughtmoreitO' direct his thoughts 
^P^aeds than downwards^ lest thefmind'ahould bein&rior to 
^ body. 'WhiffliJWisdom had sung this lay^ .then saidhe: 

Digitized by 


256 B0XTHIU8. CHAP. hji. 


/ FOR ^ pe fceobon eaUon^ maBji^e rp^pian;^ »ftep Co&e. f 

pe piijen* hp»t he p»pe. l>eali hit up^maB)? ncrfrie- 'p pe pitan 

hpiet^ he pe. pe f culon ]>eah be t$»f anb^itef m»]>e. ^e he uf 

2iF}>. pinbijan.* fpa fpa pe »p cp8»j>on.^ "{^ mon fceolbe^ »lc 

jT^m^ onjitan be luf anb^itef maipe. popjmm^ pe ne majon »lc 

tJmj onjitsn fpylc fpilc^ hit if .^*^ iElc sefceapt ^$eah »j]?€p je 

/ Wcea^gf S® mgerceabpif f jpeotplap ^ Ijiob ece ij^ Fopp»m 

n»]qie fpa mane^^a ^ejcewpch anh j-pa'micla -^ n^^^pa&jpa** hi 

ne unbepjHobben Iscffan x«r<^eapta 3 laejjan anpealbe ]>onne hi 

y^ealle'fj Tn^ap . ne pip)iam )emn»inidum. Da qne]> ic. jj^ggj* 

ystgr^ Da cp»]> he. Du me ahfajt; miclef 3 eappojief to on- 

^tanne. ^]p t$u hit onj^itan^' pile. t$u f cealc habban sep t$inef 

mob^ ea^an cl»ne ^ hluttpe.^^ Ne maBj ^c Se nauht helan 

/i P^T/P^ ic pat. ^aft *u f f pio l>i nx nnbon on % mibbanea.pbe.^ 

//Aw if hpilenbhc J)»t ,hef^ »jbep"je^iiman je enbe. "] i(P 

f ^eah nan puht ])»f tie h)»iienbhc if nau)»ep ne hif ppnman 

I hif enbe. 0)»ep ^inj if ece. f ha»f^ fpuman *] ikmfp na&ime 

Qbe. 3 ic^^ pat hponne hit onjin]). "^ pat f hit nsftppe ne ^e- 

[iba]y. j) pnt en^^af anb monna fi^da. t>pibbe }nny j ece 

^ buton enbe "ly bnton an^mne. -p if Eob. Be^uh fam" bpim if 

Ypipe micel tofcei^. Eir pit f ealle rculon armefcaiL ^' )w)pn»? j 

^^<"/ riii|]» p^»: la^f to enbe l?irre bee. ot$ge n »Fpet' Ac anCinj'l 

^u fcealt njfbe^ J>8&p eep" pitan. pop hpy^ Eob if jehaten po 

hehfte jazegt. Da cpe^ ic. Pp^r. Da cpsa^ he. Fop]K>n pe pton 

^J^fpV)>e Ijrel y»f J>e eep uf p»f. buton be gemy nbg. i bejye* 

afcunge .^^ anb jet laeffe J)«f "8e »ftep uf oi^-p im'^Mf^ 

piflice anbpeapb f te j>onne hip. ac him if eall anbpeapb. je f 

te »p ps&f . je f te nu if. je f te aeptep uf bit$. eaU hit if him 

anbpeapb. Ne pexj>** hif pelena. ne eac na&ppe jaepansj. Nj 

jjyt ojpnan he naBfpe nan^* puht. popt$»m nagqie nanht 'he^ nft 

* Boet lib. V. prosa 6.— Qaoniam igitnr, uti paulo ante, &c 

1 Cott. ealle. « Cott rpypian. « Bod. pfton. ♦ Cott hpyk; 

» Cott. jranbian. • Cott. cpsbon. ' Cott. jxolbe. » Cott fopHwn. 

» Cott. fpylce. »• Cott. bilS. » fpa, deest in MS. Bod. « Bod. 

fp»spa. " Cott ptan. " Cott. blutop. " Cott. nubbanseapbe. 

»• Bod. J>8&f J>e »S>ep. " ic, deest in MS. Cott » Cott becpeoh >»m. 

»» Cottttorme^tan. « Cott nebe. «» Cott. an. «« Cott. geaBfcnm. 

«» Cott'fcenc^. •• Cott. nane. •* Cott p}ji\mm be n»fpe nanbc 


by Google 






Thebefobe we ought with all our power to inquire con- 
cerning God, that we may know what he is. Though it may 
not be our lot that we should know what he is, we ought 
nevertheless, according to the measure of understanding 
which he gives us, to strive after it : for, as we have already 
mentioned, man must know everything according to the 
measure of his understanding, since we are not ahle to know 
everything such as it is. Ever}r creature, however, whether 
rational or irrational, testifies this, that God is eternal. For 
never would so many creatures, and so great and so fair, 
submit themselves to an inferior being, and to less power 
than they all are, nor indeed to equally great. Then said I : 
What is e ternity ? Then said he : Thou askest me about a 
great thinff, ana difficult to understand. If thou wouldest 
understand it, thou must first have the eyes of thy mind 
dean and clear. I cannot conceal from thee anything which 
I know. Knowest thou-that there are three things in this 
middle-earth P One is temporary, which has both beginning 
, and end ; and I nevertheless know nothing of that which is , 
I femporary, neither its beginning nor it« end. Another thing 
I IB eternal, and has beginning, and has no end; and I know 
' when it begins, and 1 know that it never will end : that is, 
&&gels and men's souls. The third thing is eternal, without 
fnd,;and without beginning, that is, GK)d. Among the three 
^ a 'very great difference. If we should inquire into .the 
whole of it, then should we come late to the end of this tiook, __ 
or never 1 But one thing thou must necessarily first know, 
^hy ( jflid is cdled the hi p ;hest etflfnity. Then said I : Why ? 
Then said he: Because vre know very little of that which was 
l>efore us, except by memory, and by inouiry ; and still less 
of tliat which ^all be after us. That alone is truly present 
^ lis, which at the time is : but to him all is present, both 
J^hat was before, and what now is, .and what after us shall 
*^; it is all present to liim. His riches increase not, nor, 
teoreover, do xhey ever diminish. He never recollects any- 

Digitized by 



/ \ro]2eatJ Ne t'cc^ he nanpuht. ne n^rmeab. popj^am^ t5e he hit 
pafc call. Ne fccf lie nan puhc. foptJaftiir he nan jmht ne pop- 
leaf. Ne eht he nanne imh te. pon yy hme nan puhc ne ma&j 
phon. r7e"*onSp»cnen3ijSht.: popt$a&m he ns&p^ nsenne 

J picpan. ne pup]nun nenne pelican. Sunle he bi]> jipenbe. ^ ne 
pana}> hyp^ n»ppe nauht. &inle^ he bit$ salmihci^. poppsem ht 
pmle ^ gile j!; ob^ anb iiaB|ye imn vreL ^Nij^ him nanep "Smxej- 
^ebJ>eanE . Simle^ he bit$ locienbe. ne pbep]? he nseppe. 8iiiile^ 
he bif 2^eliGe man)?p»pe. 8unle® he bif ece. popjwin naeppe po 

/^>> tib'^gp -p hej na&fie . ne neppe ne pypf . 8imle® he bi^ ppeoh. ne 

bi)> he to naniun peopce ^enebeb. Fop hip ^obcimblicum an- 

pealbe^he ip »^p8&p anbpeapb. Pip micelneppe ne mm% nan 

J 3 moni^Lf'mecan. tiBp f tJeah no lichomlfce^ to penanne. ac 

japtlice. ppa ppa nu pipbom ip j pihtpipnep. pop^am he f if 

ISY^^h -A.C hp»t opepmobije 2;e ))onne. o^5e hpy ahebbe je eop 

pi]? ppa ^eane anpealb. ipojipampe je^^ .nauhc pi}> hine bon ne 

n^a^on. popf a&m pe eca ^ pe selmihtija pmle^^ pit om ^am^^ 

. hei^ petle hip anpealbep. ]ionan he ma&j eall ^epion. anb^r 

aeloum be "Sam pyhte^^ .s&ptep hip jepyphtum. popjiam hit n^^ 

10 no unn^^'^ "Saec pe hopien xo Irobe. pop]7»m he ne peit^^ no 
ppa ppa pe bop. "Act'abibbal?^^ Hin e' epiSmobhce. pop]>8&m he ip 
ppi]7e pummob anb ppiiSe milbheopt. pebba^ eopep GDob to hun 
mib eopum honbmn "^ bibba]i tSep tSe piht pie anb. eopep ]»eap): 
pie. popfam'^ he eop nyle^^ pypnan. hatiajr ypd 3 plipf^^ ppa je 

J5ppi))opt magon. IviriaNcria&train poljiaf iSaem. Dfe.^bl 

J£Sl^ p«et jejml^^pSrbon. popfaejn g e pimle^^ ^^FP^S P 
Lecan "] fam aBlmehtijan IiQ^ebol? eall y t xe bob . aeJllie 
^ T eall he hictpbpgilt. 2ffBeN>~^^"""^ 

• Cott. Hepop-^ar. * Cott. pop)>»m. ^ Cott. pop>y. * Cott. 
he hmk aane pahc ^ Cott.)tfaip. ^ Cott-Sj^mle. ? Cott;^^ 

» Cott. Symle. • Cott hoiimdbe& 10 Bod. hi. " Cott.<«»lmehk:s& TP^ 
" Cott. .J>ie«i. " Cott rpi>e pihce. " Cott mp. " Cott unrnt. 
" Bod. pete. 17 Cott b^balS^ " Cott pophaem. »» Cott. nek. 

» Cott. pleo«. 21 Cott TLeb|>eapre. ^ Cott. pymle. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

(»AF. 2X.II. BOSTHIUEi 259 

tbiog, because bc^efer forgfite imTtbiog. Ha oeitber soeks 
nor HiquiF9s after anything, because be koows it all. He 
searches fcrr notbiag, because be has lost nothing. He puv- 
sues not itnytbing, beeaase nothing can fly from him. He 
fears nothing, beoaiue he bag none more powerful, nor indeed 
any like Jiim, He is always giviog, and nothing of Ms ever 
decreases. He is ^always Almighty, because hA ftlwflya igiiia 
good and never any evil. 1 There is n oj; need to hi m of any*- 
tnmg. ile is always eeeing, he never Bleeps. He is always 
equally gracious. .He is always eternal, for the time never - 
was when he was not,, nor ever will be. He is always free ; 
aor ia he compiled to any ^o^k. By his divine power he is 
everywhere preset His greatness no man can pneftft»yft; 
yet this is not to be underatood bodily, but spiritHallv, even 
as wisdom is, and righteousness, for he is that himself. But 
what are ye then proud of, or why lift ye up youjpeelves 
against so high power ? . For ye can do nothing against him. 
Por the Eternal and the Almighty always sits on the throne 
of his power.' Thence he is able to see all, and renders to 
every one with justice, according to his works. Therefore it 
is not in vain that^we^ have hope in God ; for he changes 
not as we do. But pray yg ^Q ^ j°^ humbly, for he is very 
bountiful and verymercimT dt up your minds to him 
with your hands, and pray for that which is right, and is 
needful to you, for he will not refuse you. Hate, and fly 
from evil as ye best may. Love virtue^a nd follow them. 
Te have great need that ye always do well, for ye always in 
the presence of the Eternal and Almighty God do all that ye 
do. He beholds it all, and he will recompense it all. Ai££]9' 


Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


/ DRIPT6N a&lmibti^a Iiob. pj'pbta ^ pealbenb ealpa je- 
fcea)t;a. ic hibbe 8e pop ])mpe micelan milbheopcneffan. "^ pp 
))»pe halesan pobe tacne. 3 pop Scam GOapian m»j]> habe. anb 
pop Sceiqfoicbaeler jehyppunnerfe. 3 p^^P ealpa fmpa haljena 

jTlupan 3 heopa eapnunjum. f pn me ypifrixe bet fmyrxf^ 19 
aptpbte to be. i sepijja me to t5mum pillan anb to mmpe paple 
j>eappe Det ©omie ic j^lp cimne. 3 jejrafelamm Xob to ^mum 
pillan ^ to mmne raple beante. ^ jeptpanja me yif }mr bebder 
^ortrmnyiTi). anb apjTipa ppam me Sa pulan jalnyjye 3 «lc un- 

j(> pihtpipiyije. •] jepcylbe me pif mmum pi)>eppmnum jepe- 
penlicum "j unierepenlicum. 3 tawj me t$mne piUan to pjTicenne. 
■p ic msete te mpeanblice lupa nTto popon eallum ymxumjnib 
cla&num %e^ance ■] mib clasnum LchamaiL pop)>on Jw 8u eapt 
jnm- j'ceoppenb. *] mm TOefenb, mm pultum. mm ppopep. mm 

l5 tpepnep. "3 mm to hopa. pi fe lop -j pulbepAu nfii a a to 

//po pulbe buton »; ^ pilcum enbe. SOJeN:. '^ ==?'- 


Digitized by 



Lord God Almighty, Creator and Euler of all creatures, 
I beseech thee by thy great mercy, and by the sign of the 
holy cross, and by the virginity of Saint Mary, and by the 
obedience of Saint Michael, and by the love of all thy saints, 
and hy their merits ; that thou wouldest direct me bette r than 
I have done towards thee: and direct me to thy will, and 
to my soul's need, better than I myself know : and make 
steadfast my mind to thy will, and to my soul'a nefid ; and 
strengthen me against the temptations of the dfivily and re- 
move from me impure lust, and all unrighteousness ; and 
defend me against mine enemies visible and invisible : and 
teach me to do thy will ; that I may inwardly love thee 
before all things, with pure P>ipd« and with pure body ; for 
thou art my Creator, and my Jiedeemer, my kelp, my Com- 
fort, my Trust, and my Hope. To thee be praise, and glory 
noWHond for ever, world without end. Amen. 


y Google 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 






&c. &c. &c. 


W8 iEljrpeb up. 
ealb-iTpell peahte. 
Ejnmj ^ejr-rexiia. 
ciMejt: mdbobe. 
leotS-pyphca Lrc 
•^oa par %t^ micd. 
J>»t be fioffum leobum. 
leot$ rpellobe. 
Daoimum myp jaii. 
^iflice cjnbar. 

reljdicne j-ecj. 
fonne he rpelcef lyt. 
ShntS pop hij- 5ilpe. 
ic pceal jiec fppecaa. 

Folc-cutJne paeb. 
^alejmm recjeait 
^»rte re f e piUe. 


Thus to us did Alfred sing 

A spell of old ; 
Song-craft the West-Saxon king 

Did thus unfold : 
Lon^ and much he long'd ta 

His people then [teach 
These mixt-sajdngs of sweet 

The joys of men ; [speech, 
That no weariness foraooth. 

As well it may, — 
Drive away delight from truth, 

But make it stay. 
So he can but little seek 

For his own pride : 
A f ytte of song I fitly speak, 

And nought beside : 
A folk-beknown and world- 

I have to say ; [read thing 
To all the best of men I sing,— 

List, ye that may. 

Digitized by 





pit p»f i,eB,ji2k m. 

ptette Iiotan eajran. 

op 8ciS))i&^. 

fcelbaf laebbon. 

ppeate 2e]>pun20D. j^ 

peobAonb moni^. 

fetton futSpeapbef . 

P2e-]>eoba tfa. 

Iiotene pice. 

^eap-maelum peox. /t^ 

haefban him ^^cynbe. 

cynm^^af tpejen. 

Ra&b^ob anb Alepic. 

pice 2;e]>un2oii. 

Da p»f Of ep muntjiop. 

moni^; atyhteb. 

Iiota jylpef pull. 

ju«e jelyrteb. 


pana hpeappobe. ^ _ ^21^ 

pcip on pceapte. 

pceotenS Jiobton. 


ealle^ jejonxan- 

hnb-pijenbe. — - .^^ 


fpua epe ppom muntsiop. 

oS ]K>ne m8span peapot$. 

)>»p 8icilia. 

f ae-ptpeamum iiu — - ♦/^ 

e^onb inicel. 

efel maeppatJ. 

Da paep Romana. 

pice ^epunnen. ^ 

abpocen bup2;a c;^ji:;. ^^^ 

beabu-pmcum paep. 

Rom jepymeb. 

Raeb^^ot anb Alepic. 

popon on ])S6t paepten. Jj^ 



It was long of yore 

That the Gothic rout, 
Porth from Scythia's eastern 

Led their shieldmen out, 
Thronged with swarms of war 

Tiie lands of many a clan, 
And in the South set firm and 

Two tribes to trouble man. 

Yearly waxed and grew 
Those Gothic kingdoms 

And Alaric and Rhsedgast too, 
Right royallj did reign. 

Then down the Alps the Goth 
Made haste to force his way. 

In haughty pride all fiercely 
And lusting for the fray. 

Their banner fluttered bright, 

While all Italia through 
Shot ruthless in their linden 

The shielded warrior crew, 
Forth from the Alpine drifts 

To great Sicilians coast, 
Where in the sea-stream it 

Its lofty island boast. 

Then Rome's old rule was 


Her costliness despoilM, 

And by that host, with battle 


The city's beauty soilM. 

> Cott. ealla. 

Digitized by 




jJeah Eaj-epe. - - /^ff 

mib fam sej^elmpim. 

uc on Epecaf . 

Ne meahue ^a reo pea \^, Jj$ 

pije popftanban. 

Iiocan mib ^uSe. 

Jio monna jejcpion. 

realbon unpillum. 

efel peapbaj*. 

halite aj^ap. 

)«Bf jehpaefepef paa. 

Deah paj- majo-pmca. 

mob mib Hrpecum. 

S^F ^ leob-ppuman. 

lasftan bopften. 

8cob fpaje on fam. 
; feob paef jepunnen. 
I pmtpa maenijo. 

otS faftc pypb jefcpap. 

faet fe peobpice. 

fejnap anb eoplaj*. 

hepan j-ceolban. 

r«r r® Pepetema. 

Epifte jecnoben. 

cynmj j-elfa onf enj. 

pulluht feapum. 

F»jnobon ealle. 

Bompapa beapn. 

anb him pecene co. 

FPifep pilnebon. 

l?e him p»f ce gehet. 

faet hy ealb-pihta. 

»lcer mojicen. 

Pjpfe jepunijeii. ' 
^ on fa&pe pelejan bypij. 

Jenben Eob puolbe. 

faftt he Kobena jepealb. 

^Vaa mofte. 

l^e faet eall aleaj. 

F»r faem aef ehnge. 


Alaric and EbsBdgast 

The fastness first tliey seek, 
While Caesar with his chiefs 
fied fast 

For safety to the Greek. 

Then could the wretched band, 
Left mournfully behind, 

No more the warring Goth 
Nor much of mercy find. 

Unwillingly their trust 
The warders then gave up, 

None to his oath was true and 
just ; 
And full was sorrow's cup.. 

Tet to the Greek outyearn'd 
The people, as at first, 

And for some daring leader 
To follow whom they durst. 

The people wore their woes 

Many a wintry year. 
Till weird-ordainei Theodoric 
Whom thane and earl should 

To Christ the chief was born, 
And water-wash'd the king, 
While all Eome's children blest 
the mom 
That peace with it should 

To Eome he vowed full fast 
Her old-time rights to yield, 

While God shoiud grant his 
life to last, 
The Gothic power to wield. 

Digitized by 




jebpola leofpe. • 
]HMme Dpihmef m, 
per lohaanef . 
jobne Papan. 
heafbe behei^KUU 
naef f hsejilic b»b. 
eac fata p»f impirn. 
o^pef manef . 
f fe Iiota Fpemebc. 
^obpa ^ehpilcum. 
Da p»r picpa j-um. 
on Rome bypi;. 
ahepen pepeco^a. 
hlapopbe leop. 
]>enben EynefCole. 
Lpeacaf piolbon. 
Diec p»r pihcpip pmc. 
pae)*^ nub RompapoDk 
f mc-jec^a p ella. 
fid]7an lonje he. 
paBp pop peopulbe pip. 
peopt^mynj^a jeopn. 
beopn boca ^leap. 
pe haelebajtce. 
pe ])on6 falipan ^idi. 
p^sep him on ^emynbe. 
msela jehpilce. 
ypel anb ebpit. 
p»t hmi eljieobje. 
kjrnm^^ap c^bon. 
pa&p on Cpeacap holb. 
^emunbe papa apa. 
anb eelb-pihta. 
pe hip elbpan. 
mib him ahton lonje. 
lupait anb lippa. 
An^^an pa hfrom jmbe. 
penceaa ]»eapphee, 
hu he pibep meahte. 

He did forswear ail that : 
The Atheling he lied, 

To please Arius Ghod forgot, 
«Aud falsely slipp'd aside. 

He broke his- plighted oath, 
And without right or ruth, 

Good John the Pope against 
all troth 
Beheaded for the truth. 

A shameful deed was there ; 

And heaps of other ill 
Against the good this Goth did 

In wickecuiess of wilL [dare 

A man there was just set j 

For heretodi in Borne, i 

Loved by the lord whose bread | 
he ate. 
And dear to all at home: 

Dear also to the Greek, 
When he the town did save ; 

A righteous man, whom all 
would seek. 
For many gifts he gave. 

Long since was he full wise^. 

In worldly wit and lore. 
Eager in worth and wealth to 
And skill* d on books to pore. 
Boethius was he hight ; 

He ate shame's bitter bread, 
And ever kept the scorn in 
Outlandish kings had said. ^ 
He to the Greek was true, 

And oft the old-rights toU, 
Which he and his fore&then 
too I 

From those had won of old* 
> Cott n»r. 

Digitized by VjOOQ iC 



UpecBf onceppan. 
jwc re Eapefie. 
ejt; anpalb opep hi. 
a;^aii mofte. 
renbe aepenb-jeppit. 

anb hi pop Dpihtne b»b. 
ealbum tpeopim, 
]n£t; hi sept co him. 
comen on ]>a ceaftpe. 
lete Lpeca pitan. 
pa&ban Rompapum. 
pihtep pyp<5e. 
lece fone leobpcipe 
J)a fa lape on^eac. 
Deobpic Amtilin^. 
anb fone fejn opeppenj 
heht paepdice. 

bealbon f one hepe-pme. 
P«r ^ina hpeoh j-epa. 
eje ppom )«m eople. 
lie hme inne. 
hehc on capcepne. 
cluftep belucan. 
^ p»r mob-pep a» 
miclum jebpepeb. 

l>neac lon^e ap. 
plencea unbep polcnum, 
he j>y pypj. meahre. 
polian fa fpaje. 
}>a hio ppa feapl becom. 
"* F»r fa opmob eopL 
ape ne penbe. 
^^e on fam paptene. 
FPoppe jemunbe. 
ac he neopol aptpeaht. 
^l>ep op bune. 
peel on fa plope. 

Carefully then he platm'd 
To bring the Greek to Boine; 

That Gsasarin biftri^tful bind 
Again might teign at home. 

In hidden haste he plied 
With letters aU the lords, 

And prayed them by the Lord 
who died, 
To heed his earnest words. 

Greece should giye laws to 
And Eome should Greece 
The people longed to let them 
To driye the Goth away. 

But lo ! the Amuling:^ 

Theodoric found out all, 
And bid his fellows seize and 
This high -born chief in 

He feared that good eari well, 
And straightly bade them 

Boethius in the prison cell, 
Sore troubled in his mind. 

Ah ! he had basked so long 
Beneath a srummer sky, 

111 could he bear such load of 
So heavy did it lie. 

Then was he full of woe, 
Nor heeded honour moie ; 

Backless he flung himself 
Upon the duugeon floors 

Digitized by 




pela popba fppaec. 
pop]H)ht ]7eaple. 
ne penbe ])onan »|:pe. 
cuman op ])89m clammum. 
cleopobe to Dpihtne. 
jeompan ftemne. 
jybbobe fuf ; • 


Ppset ic liotSa pela. 
luj-tlice jeo. 
fane on faBlum. 
nu fceal popjenbe. 
jwpe jepa&geb. 
ppeccea ^lomop. 
rmjan fap-cpibap. 
flOe J>iof ficcetunj hapat^. 
a^seleb fej jeocfa. 
■^ ic ]>a ^eb ne m8&^. 
jepesean rpa pa&spe. 
]>eah ic pela ^lo ]7a. 
fecce fotJ-cpiba. 
jK>nne ic on paelum p»f . 
Opt ic nu mifcyppe. 
cuSe ]*pp»ce. 
anb ]>eali uncutSpe. 
ep npilum ponb. 
me f ap populb paeKa. 
pel hpaep^ blmbne. 
on fip bimme hoi. 
bypme poplsebbon. 
anb me fa bepypcon. 
paebep anb ppoppe. 
poji heopa uncpeopum. 
fe ic him «ppe betpt. 
tpupian pceolbe. 
hi me topenbon. 

Much mourning, there he lay, 

Nor thought to break his 


But to the Lord by night and 

day, ; 

Sang thus in sighing strains. 



Lo ! I sang cheerily 

In my bright days, ' 

But now all wearily 

Chaunt I my lays ; 
Sorrowing tearfully, 

Saddest of men, 
Can I sing cheerfully, 

As I could then P 

Many a verity 

In those glad times 
Of my prosperity 

Taught I in rhymes ; 
Now from forgetfulness 

Wanders my tongue, 
Wasting in fretfulness 

Metres unsung. 

Worldliness brought me her© 
Foolishly blind, 

Biches have wrought me here 
Sadness of mind ; 

When I rely on them, 
Lo ! they depart, — 

Bitterly, fie on them ! 

heopa bacu b.tepe. ^«°«* ^^^y ""^ ^^«^*- 

• Boet. lib. i. metrtun 1. — Carmina qui qaondam studio florente per- 

egi, &c. — The metres of Boethius, strictly speaking, begin here. 
> C!ott. hp»p. 

Digitized by 




anb heopa bLjje jrpom. 
Fophpam yolbe ^e. 
peopulb Fpynb mine. 
rec^an o^]^ pn^an. 
faec ic jefa&llic mon. 
jwpe on peopulbe. 
ne jynt fa popb fotS. 
nu ]>a ^ef 8&l]>a ne majon. 
runle jepunijan. 


-^^a on bn ^immum. 
anb hu ^unbleajiun. 
rea^e fpincetJ. 
f»t rpeopcenbe mob. 
fonne bit fa ftponjan. 
rtopniar beatalS. 
l>onne bit pmnenbe. 
% «S^n leobc. 
an FoplaetetJ. 
Mib mib una fop^it. 
l>oiie ecan jepean. 
fpmjtS on J>a fioftpo. 
Fopjum jefpenceb. 
rpa Jf piniim nu. 
niobe jelumpen. 
iiu hit mape ne pat. 
pop liobe jobef . 
buton piopnun^e. 
FPembpe populbe. 
'^ni »r FPOfpe feapp. 

Wby did your songs to me, 

•World-loving men, 
Say joy belongs to me, 

Ever as then ? 
"Why did ye lyingljr 

Think such a thing, 
Seeing how flyingly 

"Wealth may take wing ? 



Alas ! in bow grim 

A gulf of despair, 
Dreary and dim 

For sorrow and care, ' 
My mind toils along 

When the waves of the world 
Stormy and strong 

Against it are hurl'd. 
When in such strife 

My mind will forget 
Its light and its life 

In worldly regret. 
And through the night 

Of this world doth grope 
Lost to the light 

Of heavenly hope. 
Thus it hath now 

BefaUen my mind, 
I know no more how 

God's goodness to find. 
But groan in my grief 

Troubled and tost, 
Needing relief 

For the world I have lost. 

^ Boot. lib. L metriun 2.— Heu, qaam prscipiti mena profondo, &c. 

Digitized by 





iEala ])u f cippenb. 

fcippa cun2;]La. 

hef onep anb eopjiazi. 

]>u on heah-pecle. 

ecum picrajT, 

anb }>u ealne hpa0f$e. 

hepon ymbhpeappeft. 

anb ]>upli ]>ine hahje mibt. 

cnnjlu ^enebepc. 

]>»t hi ]>e to hepa'S. 

fpylce-feo pmne. 

f peaprpa nihea. 

fiojrpo abp»feeti. 

])uph fine mehc. 

blacufti leoiire. 

beopbce yoeoppaxL 

mona ^emetja^. 

]7uph ])inpa meahfia n^. 

bpilum eac ]m poanan. 

fine]- bepesq»t$. 

beophtan lecih&cf . 

)>onne hit jebyp^^^^BQ^S* 

]>»t fpa 2;en«dipie. 

nebe peop^^aS. 

fpelce ]Kxne Tna^Mm. 


]>e pe otSpe siainan. 


nemnan h^al5. 

fu ^enebeft .)«iic. 

]>»t he p9ejyd Yvmoiux. 

p"8 bepittj«. 

^eapa ^ehpeloe. 

he jonjan f ceaL 


Ppet fu fflBbep pepceft. 

punup-laas^ ba;^f . 

fpiSe hate. 

MBTEE 17. 


Thou, that art Maker of 

heaven and earth, 
^Who steereat the stars, and 

hast given them birth ; 
For ever Thou reignest upon 

Thy high throne, • 
And tumest all swiftly the 

hearenly xone. 

Jhou, by Thy stroog holiness 

drivest from fer 
In the way that Thou willeBt 

each worshipping star ; 
And, through Tbygreat power, 

the sun from the night 
JDrags darkness away by the 

might of her.light. 

The moon, at Thy word, with 

his pale shining rays 
Softens and shadows the stars 

as they blaze, 
And even the Sun of* her 

brightness bereaves, 
Whenever upon her too closely 

he cleaves. 

. So also the Moming^and Even- 
ing Star 

.T];iou makest to foUow the Sun 
from afar, 

]To keep in her pathway each 
year evermore, 

And go as she goeth in 
gnidanee before. 

• Boet lib. L metrum 5. — Stelliferi Conditor orbis, &e. 


by Google 



fmnbpum f ceopca. 


Du ]i»m tjieofum felejt;. 

pifan anb peftan. 

]>a »p fe fpeiqita ]n:o)im. 

nop))an anb eaftan. 

benumen hs&pbe. 

leapa ^ehpelcej*. 

^ph pene latSpaa pmb. 

€(da hp»t on eofi^aa. 


typatJ pmpe h»f e. 

bot$ on heoponum fpa fome. 

mobe anb wampne. 

butan men anum. 

re ptt$ ]Nniim piliaii. 

pypcetJ Qftopt. 

f^eila jm eca. 

anb ]>a almihti^a. 


rceppenb anb peceoiib. 

apa ]>inum eapmum. 


monna cynne. 

^iph ]>inpa jnelitsa fpeb* 

Dpi fu ece.Dob. 

^ype poibe. 

]^set po pyfib on ^epilL 

peaban peeolbe. 

^um mcomum. 

eallep ppa ppitJe. 

bio pul ope ^epe^, 


Bitti^ ypele men, 

Jionb eopS-picu. 

on heah-fetlum. 

balije fpicciS. 

unbep heopa pottun* 

ppum nncutJ. 

bpi po pypb rpa po. 

Behold too, Q Father, Thon 

workest aright 
To summer hot day-times of 

long-living light, 
To winter all wondrously or- 

derest wise 
Short seasons of aniMrhine with 

&ost on the skies. 

Thou givest the trees a south- 
westerly breeze, 

Whose leaves the swart storm 
in its fury did seize 

By winds flying forth from the 
east and the north 

And scattered and shattered 
all over the earth. 

On earth and in heaven each 
creature and kind . 

Hears Thy behest with might 
and with mind; 

But man, and man only, who 
oftenest still 

Wickedly worketh against Thy 
' wise will. 

For ever, Almighty One,Maker, 

and Lord, 
On us, wretched earthworms. 

Thy pity he poured ; 
Why wilt Thou that wei&reto 

sinners should wimd, 
But lettest weird ill the ub- 

guilty ones .vend? 

Evil men sit, each on earth's 

highest seat, 
Trampung the holy ones under 
. their feet ; 

Digitized by VjOOQ iC 



penban f ceolbe. 

Spa fine jehjrbbe. 

hep on populbe. 

jeonb bupja pela. 

beophte cpa&ptaf . 


eallum cibum. 

habbatS on hofpe. 

ya, pe him pnbon. 

pihtef pifpan. 

picef p^'p'Span. 

Bit5 f leaf e lot. 

lan^e hpile. 

beppi^en mib ppencum. 

Nu on populbe hep. 

monnum ne bepiaS. 

mane apaf . 

JQip ]m nu palbenb ne pile. 

pipbe fceopan. 

ac on felp-pille. 

fijan l»cefc. 

ponne ic pac ]>a&t te pile. 

populb-men tpeojan. 

^eonb folban-fceac. 

bucon yet ane. 

€ala mm Dpyhten. 

pu pe ealle opepphjt. 

populbe ^efceafta. 

phc nu on moncyn. 

milbum eajum. 

nu hi on monepim hep. 

populbe ^pum. 

pynnatJ anb fpmca5. 

eapme eopt$-papan. 

apa him nu pa. 

Why good should go crookedly 

no man can say, 
And bright deeds in crowds 

should lie hidden away. 

The sinner at all times is 

scorning the just, 
The wiser in right, and the 

worthier of trust ; 
Their leasing for long while 

with fraud is beclad. 
And oaths that are lies do no 

harm to the bad. 

Guide, if thou wilt not steer 

fortune amain. 
But lettest her rush so self- 
willed and so vain, 

1 know that the worldly will 

doubt of Thy might, 
And few among men in Thy 
rule will delight. 

My Lord, overseeing all things 
from on high. 

Look down on mankind with 
mercy's mild eye ; 

In wild waves of trouble they 
struggle and strive, 

Then spare the poor earth- 
worms, and save them 

Digitized by 




Du meahc be ]>»pe pmnan* 
rpeocole se})encean. 
anb be a&jhpelcum. 
otJjium jreoppan. 
fajia fe a&ptep bup jum. 
beopbtojT fcine^. 
Elf him pan pope, 
polcen hanjatJ. 
ne maejen bi rpa leobcne. 
woman anfenban. 
»P re )>icca mijr. 
fmjia peoptSe. 
Spa Ofc pmylce jw. 
nifepne pmb. 
Sjw&se Slar-blu«pe. 
Spimme jebpefet$. 
fonne hie ^emenjaJS. 
micla ^ta. 

onhpepa« bpon-mepe. 
Voh bits ])onne. 
reo fe sBp gjabu. 
on-pene psep. 
Spa Oft a&pppmxe. 
Of chf e hapum. 
col anb hlucop. 
^^ Sepecbce. 
PAte flope«. 
ipnetS pits hip eapbep. 
00 him on mnan peltS. 
"auntej- mfiejen-rcan. 
»»b him on mibban jebjetS. 
Jtpenblob op faem toppe. 
*^e on tu p«f an. 
*^rceaben pyp«. 
rcip bi« jebpepeb. 
J^pna xeblonben. 
"^Poc bits onpenbeb. 



Te may learn by the stars and 
the sun 
Shining on cities so bright, 
If the welkin hangs dreary and 
To wait in the mist for the 

So too, the calm sea, glassy 

The south wind all grimly 

makes riot ; 
And whirlpools in strife stir 

The whale-pond that once 

was so quiet. 

So also, outwelleth a spring, 
All clear from the cliff and 
all cool, 
Till midway some mountain 
may fling 
A rock to roll into the pool. 

Then broken asunder will seem 
The rill so clear-running 
That brook is turned out of 
its stream. 
And flows in its channel no 

So now, in thy darkness of 
Thou wiliest my wisdom to 

^ Boet lib. i. metram 7.— Nubibos atris, &c 

Digitized by 





op hlf pibc pjriM. 

py]m]n toplopen. 
fpa nn )>a ]>ioft)io. 
]>inpe heoptan piDa'S. 
mmpe leohtan. 
lape pi^jronban. 
anh ]>in mob-jejionc^ 
nudum jebpepm. 
Ac jip fu nu pilnaft. 

]>a&)D fotSe leobt. 

fpeotole oncnapan. 

leofate ^deaj^n. 

]>u f opla&tan p cealt. 

ible opep-p»lpa. 

unnytne ^epean. 

pa pcealt eac ypelne eje. 



ne mopt pu pepan pop J^aem. 

eallep to opmob. 

ne ]>u pe 8&ppe ne Isstr. 

plenca ^eps&can. 

]>e laep ]>u peoptSe pop him. 

mifo opep-mettnun. 

epc jepcenbeb. 

anb to upahapen. 

pop oppopjum. 

populb sep8el]mm. 

Ne ept to pacbce. 


asnijep jobep. 

]>onne pe»J>op populbe* 

pi])eppeapba maBpt.* 

fmja ]>pea5e. 

anb pu J>e pelpum, 

ppipopt onptte. 

poppa&m pmle bitJ. 

pe mob-pepa. 

midum ^ebunben mib. 

Witbstanding^j by trouble 
made blind, 
The lessons thou never wilt 

Tet now, if je will, as ye may, 
The trae and pure light 

dearly know. 
Let go tbe vain joys of to-day, 
The weal that brings nothing 
but woe. 

And drive away bad unbelief, 

The fears of tbe world and 

its care, 

And be thou not given to grief, 

Nor yield up thy mind to 


Nor suffer thou glad-going 
To puff tbee with over-much 
Nor worldliness lifting thy 
To lure thee from meekness 

And let not, too weaUy again, 
Ills make thee despaur cf the 
Wben bunted by peril and 
And baunted by misery's 

For always the mind of a man 
Is bound up witb trouble 

1 Cott. m»r^. 

Digitized by VjOOQ iC 

TBI ninusi or Bonnnrs. 


pfhme ^eccean mot. 

fijTa yjJa hp»}>ep. 

innaQ fj^ncan. 

pop)wm fa tpej^H' tpe^an. 

teo^ to f omne. 

pit5 jMBfc mob popan. 

miftar bpoLeman^ 

Jwfc hit j-eo ece ne moc. 

lunan jeonb f cinan. [mijicuin. 

pinne jrop J>aem fpeaptum 

»p faem hi ^efpi'Bjiab peop]>en. 


J^ re pij-bom ejsc;^ 
popb-hopb oniieac. 

Bonne po pomne. 

rpeotoiort jtBiie^. 

W)popt ojc begone. 

lipaetSe biot5,a^ijt;pob. 

^sUe 0):^ eop^an. 

o^pe fteoppan. 

Fop]>8Bin Inopa b^tn ne bi9» 

avit [biphtnejrrei] 

*» 2e|*ectane. 

pits faape pmnan leoht. 

IX>nne pnolce l^p^. 

ri]>an anb peftan pmb. 

imbep polcnum. 

J>onne peaxeiJ lipase. 

pelbef blojtman. 

]%^en ]>»t hi motoiu 

•A.C fe fteapca ftopm. 

fonne he ftpons cym^, 

^lopfan anb eajt;an. 

te jenimetJ hpat5e. 

>8&pe poj-an phce. 

If ricbea or poverty can 
Engraft it with gin or witb 

Because the twib erils make 
The mind in m miatj swart 
That on its etemitT's boo 
Is dim till it scatters the 

or CHiOfcns. 

Then did Wisdom again 
Unlock hifl word-hoard well, 

And sang in. soothful straia 
The truths he had to telL 

When with clearest bkoe 

The sun shines in the sfcp^ 
The itero must quench, tlieur 

Over tho earth so Ugfa. 
For that, set in the light 

Of her that rules by daj, 
Their brightness is not bright, 

But dimly diies away. 

When the wind Soutb-weat 
Under the cloud .blows low, 

Field-flowers wax their besti. 
Fain to be glad and grow. 

But wh«n by East snd Kcnitii, 

The stark storm atsongly 


He speedily drives fortb 

All beauty from the rose. 
* Boet. lib. ii. metnon S.— Cum polo Phcdnia roseis quadrigis, &c. 

Digitized by 




Anb eac )« puman ]«• 

nopjwpne ^jx. 

nebe jeba&beb. 

]>»t hio ftpanjejeonb ft^eb. 

on fca]m beattitS. 

€ala f on eopjwn. 

auht j»jTbcef . 

peopcef on popnlbe. 

ne pinaft »];pe. 

So, with a stem needs«be 
The northern blast doth 

And beat the wide waste sea 
That it the land may lash. 

Alas, that here on earth 
Nothin|; is fast and sure ; 

No work IS found so worth 
That it for ever endure. 


Da ongon f e f^ifbom. 

hif jepunan pj^lsan. 

jho-popbum ^ol. 

Xjrb 8Bt* fpelle. 

pnj fot$-q^iba. 

punne ]>a ^eta. 

Lp»t$ he ne hqibe. 

]>sst on heanne' munt. 

monna enij. 

meahte apectan. . 

healle hpop-p»p:e. 

Ne ]>eapp eac li»le|>a nan. 

penan j^ef peopcef. 

]i8Bt he pif bom mssge. 

pit$ opepmecta. 

»fpe ^emenjan. 

Pepbef ]>u »fpe. 

]>»t ce eni^ mon. 

on f onb beopjaf • 

f ettan meahte. 

paepte healle. 

Ne m»2 eac ppa nan. 

pfbom timbpan. 

Cp f 8Bp populb-^tfung. 
^PS ofepbp»be%. 
bapu f onb piUaS. 
pen fopfpel^an. 

07 ooirrsBT Aim HrMBLsincss. 

Affldn, as his wont, began 

W isdom a song, 
And spoke out his spells as he 

wandered along. 
He said: On a mountain no 

man can be skilPd 
With a roof weather-pioof a 

high hall to up build. 

Moreover, let no man think 

ever to win 
By mixing pure wisdom with 

over-proud sin. 
Heard ye that any built firmly 

on sand, 
Or caught hold of wisdom with 

gain-getting hand P 

The liffht soil is greedy to 

swallow the rain ; 
So now doth the rich, in his 

measureless gain , 

' Boet. lib. ii. metmm 4.-^iuBqiii8 volet perennem, &c 
> Cott wft, s Gott heane. 

Digitized by 




Spa be^ piqia nu. 
2;punbleaf jitprnj. 
^pey anb »hta. 
j^ebjuncetJ to bpyjjum. 
bpeof enbne pelan. 
anb ^eah ]78Sf ]>eappan ne 
JmpfC aceleb. 
Ne ma&j b»le]>a jelipem, 
huf on munte. 
lan^e ^el»jt;an. 
f op]>8&m him lun^e on. 
fpip: pinb fpape^. 
Ne bi8 f onb fon ma. 
pi?5 micelne pen. 
manna s&n^um. 
huper hipbc, 
ac hit hpeof an pile, 
p^an fonb aeftep pene. 
Spa bio^ anpa jehpa&f . 
monna mob-fe)»n. 
miclum ape^ebe. 
op hiopa jt;ebe jtryTxebe. 
]K)nne he rtponj bpecetJ, 
pmb unbep polcnum. 
otSSe hi^ eji pe pef a. 
pen onhpepe^. 
punaep ymbhojan. 
un^^emet ^emen. 
Ac f e ye )>a ecan. 
a^an pille. 
f oj^an ^ep ffil]7a. 
he pceal ppi^e phon. 
fippe populbe phte. 
pjrpce him pt5]>an. 
hip mobep hup. 
)>8&p he ms&je pnban. 
eaSmetta ptan. 
2punb-peal ^eapone. 
1 Cott hit. 

Of honours and havings, drink 

deep of such weal, 
Yea, down to the dregs, and 

still thirsty will feel. 



A house on a hill-top 

never long stay, 
For quickly the swifb wind 

shall sweep it away. 
And a house on the sand is no 

better at all ; 
In spite of the house-herd, in 

rain it shall fall. 

So failing and fickle is every 

When rack'd by the rage of 

this world-trouble wind. 
And measureless cares, as a 

quick-dropping rain 
Unstopping, stir up the mind's 

welkin with pain. 

But he who would have ever- 
lasting true bliss, 

Must fly from the glare of a 
world such as this : 

And then let him make a strong 
home for his mind, 

Wherever true Lowliness' rock 

* Cott. uniS metjptsptne. 

Digitized by 




ft co-jkbftn ne peetpf. 
fesih hit pep^e pinb. 
ot$8e ymbhojena. 
opmete pen. 
pop]7»m on ]»8epe bene. 
Dpihten felpa. 
]>apa eabmetCB. 
eapbpa&ft puniga^. 
]>ep f e yifbom a. 
punat^ on jemynbum. 
popjion opfopx lif. 
ealm^ l8&ba$. 
pc^nlb-men pife* 
butpn penbin^e. 
]>onne he eall poppht$. 
eoptShcu ^oob. 
anb eac ])apa yp ela. 
opfoph punaS. 
hopat$ to ])ain ecum. 
]>e ]»»p »ptep cuma15. 
pme ^onne s&^hponan. 
s&hnihti^ Ijoob. 
pmle jehealbetS. 
hip a^enum. 
mobep jep elfum. 
)niph metobep ^e. 
]>eah hine je pmb. 
rpitJe fpence. 
anb hme p mjale. 
jemen je&le. 
]»onne him jpimme an« 
populb-f »l]>a pinb. 
ppat$e blapetS. 
]>eah ]7e hine ealnej. 
pe ymbhoja fyppa. 
ppat^e bpecce. 

A settled groimd-ancfaor that 

never shall slide^ 
Though trouble attack it bj 

tempest and tide ; 
Tor that, in Lowliness' valley 

so fair, 
The Loidy and mind-wisdom 

for ever live there. 

Therefore leads always a quicft- 

like life 
The wise in the world, without 

changes or strife, 
When heedless alike of earth's 

good and earth^s ill, 
He watches in hope of an a&e^ 

world stiQ. 

Such an one evannore Qodever 

Happily keeps in the cahn of 

his mind ; 
Though wild winds of sorrow 

against him are horl'd, 
Though always aunoyed by the 

cares of the world. 
Though wrathful and grim are 

these trouble-daik gales, 
And Care in its anguish and 

anger assails. 

Digitized by 




8ona fpa f e f^if bom. 
par pojib ha&f be. 
rpecole apealice. 
he fa pt5j>an on^an. 
pn^an fciS-cpibaf. 
anb f uf j-elpa cpaetS. 
Pp»fc po fojune db. 
jeonb eopf an-fceac. 
aBjhpam bohte. 
)» J>a anpa jehpa&m. . 
on eoptJ-paftftmum. 
Senoh fuhce. 
nif hic nu pa j^elc. 
naepon ])a ^eonb peopulbe. 
pelije hamaf . 
He miplice. 
mettaj- ne bpmcaf . 
^ ne hi f apa hpae^ 
hupu ne ^embon. 
pe nu bp^c-^uman. 
biopojt; lastatJ. 
Fopfaena hiopa ns&m^* 
n»r pa jieta. 
J^ hi ne ^efapon. 
He ymbucan hi. 
apep ne hepbon. 
hp»t Jhi ppeabiftA. 
Ppecene pa&pon. 
buton rpa hi meahton. 
pa Secynb began, 
pe him EpijT jef ceop. 
^b hi aene on ba&je. 
8&ton fymle. 
on aBpen-cib. 
«oppan paBjrmaf . 

* Boet. lib. u. metnim 5.— Felix niminm prior »tas, &c. 



Soon as Wisdom thus had 

He begap, with plainer tongue, 
Sooth to sing his sayings thus. 
And himself to speak to us. 
•0 how full of blessing then 
Was the first glad age to men ! 
When earth's fruitful plenty 

Not as now, to all the same ; 
When through all the world 

were there 
No great halls of costly care ; 
No rich feasts of meat or drink ; 
Neither did they heed or think 
Of such jewels, then unknown. 
As our lordlings long to own ; 
Nor did seamen aye behold, 
Nor had heard of gems or gold. 
More ; with frugal mind they 

And for pleasures only cared, 
As at Christ's and kindred's 

They were bidden to rejoice. 
Once in the day, at eventide, 
They ate earth's fruits, and 

nought beside ; 
No wine they drank, their 

stoup was clear ; 
No cunning shur^ was miogling 


Digitized by 




pubef anb yjfpoi. 

nallef pin bpimcon. 

f cip op fteape. 

n»f )ya f ceaica nan. 

"pe mete ot$t$e bpmc. 

ms&n^an cu^e. 

p»tep pit$ hunije. 

ne beopa psBba )K)n ma. 

f loloce popian. 

ne hi papo-cpeftum. 

jobpeb jipebon. 

ne 111 ^mpeceb. 

f etcon f eapolice. 

ac hi pmle him. 

eallum tibum. 

ute flepon. 

unbep beam-fceabe. 

bpnncon bupnan p»cep. 

calbe pellan. 

nsenij cepa ne feah. 

opep eap-^eblonb. 

ellenbne peapob. 

ne hupu ymbe f cip-hepsap . 

)'ae-tilcaf ne hepbon. 

ne pp]>um pipa nan. 

ymb jepeoht pppecan. 

n»f ]>eof eop^e bef miten 

apep ]>a jeta. 

beopnef blobe. 

]>e hi ne^ biU-pube. 

ne pup]7um punbne pep 


^epapan imbep punnan. 

ns&mj piSpan p»p. 

peopt$ on peopulbe. 

^p mon hip piUan ongeae. 

ypehie inib elbum. 

he y»Y ssrhpffim lat$. 

6ala J)8&t* hic pupbe. 

otSSe polbe Cob. 

> Cott. hine. 

Meats and drinks, to glut their 

Or make the heated honey- 
"So silk-sewn weeds wishM 

they to wear; 
No good-webs dyed with crafty 

Kor set on high with skilfol 

The mighty dome, or lofly 

But under-the sweet shade of 

They slept at all times well at 

And, when thirsting, gladly 

Water from the rumiing 

Never trader wandered o'er 
Seas to seek a foreign shore, 
Never bad one heard, indeed, 
Of ships to till the brinj mead ; 
Nowhere yet with blood of 

Was the earth besmitten then, 
Nowhere had the sun beheld 
Steel that struck, or womid 

that weird. 
Those who work'd an evil will 
Won not worship for their ill ; 
All would then have loathed 

them sore : 
O that this could be once 


* Cott >8ep. 

Digitized by 




yat on eop)»an nu. 


^eonb y&Y piban feopulb. 

p»pen se^hpa&p^ fpelce. 

unbep pinnan. 

Ac hit If f8&mpe nu. 

faet f eof jitpmc hapaS. 

jumena jehpelcef . 

mob ameppeb. 

]>8et he mapan ne pec8. 

ac hic on ytcce, 

peallenbe bjTintJ. 

epie po sicfunx. 

fe n»nne ^unb bapa^. 

rpeapte fp»pet$. 

rumef on lice. 

epne ]>am munce. 

I^e nu monna beapn* 

€cne hacat$. 
* reonijlonbe. 
, 8iciha. 

rpejie bypne*. 

faet mon helle pyp. 

hacetS pibe 

Fopjwm hic pmle bit$. 


anb ;^butan hit. 

otJpa ftopa. 

blate popba&pni5. 

bitepan leje. 

^a hpaet f e popma. 


P»pe on populbe. 

re l^f ponj-ptebaf. 

Spop eptep ^olbe. 

anb »ptep ^m-cymram 

hpa&c he ppecnu jeptpeon. 

F^nbe m»nepim. 

beppijen on peopulbe. 

P»tepe o*«e eopf an. 


O that God would now on 

Make ua all so purely worth ! 
But, alas ! men now are worse ; 
Lust of getting sets a curse 
As a clog upon each mind, 
Bookless other good to find. 
Lust of gainunfathomed glows 
In the heart with bubbling 

Swart it lies, and sweltering 

Like old Etna's boiling heap, 
"Which in Sicily's broad isle, 
Boms with brimstone many a 

So that men around it tell, 
Of its fires as fires of hell, 
For that ever still it burns 
Bitter everywhere by turns. 
Woe! that ever should have 

In this world the sinner seen, 
"Who was first so basely bold 
As to dig for gems and gold : 
Cares for many then he found 
Darkly hidden in the ground. 
Dangerous wealth and deadly 

In the deeps of sea and earth. 


Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



Ppet pe ealle piton. 

hpelce ae]ilefce. 

^e neah ^e peoju 

NepoD pophte. 

Bompapa c^ninj. 

]>a hif ]uce p»f . 

hehft imbep lieoponuin. 

to hpype monejum. 

^aelhpeopef Zfifeb. 

p8&f pil pibe cuts. 


apleajtai pd^ 

man anb mop]K)ji. 

mifbseba popn. 



pe her him to j^amene 

^eapa popba&pnan. 

Romana bupij. 

po hif picef pa&f . 

eaJlef e)>el-ftol. 

pe pop uiifnjrttpum. 

polbe panbian. 

Pf f J7P meahte. 

lixan fpa leobte. 

anb fpalonje eac 

peabpa pettan. 

f p» lie Romane. 

f ec^an jehepbe. 

bset on pume tibe. 

Tpoia bupj. 

opepto^en h»pbe. 

leja leohtopt. 

len^ept bupne. 

bama unbep heponum. 

Nep ]>ffit hepbc beb. ^ 

f»t hme ppeLcep jamenep. 

^ilpan lypte. 



All know too welly abroad or 

near at home, 
What evils Nero wrought, that 

King of Borne, 
When, highest imder heaven, 

his rule was then 
The dread and overthrow of 

many men. 
The madness of this savage 

bred betimes 
Lust, murder, vile misdeeds, a 

bad man's crimes ; 
He gave the word of old to 

wrap in flame 
Bome*s self, his kingdom's seat, 

to make him game ; 
Wishing in wicked wantonness 

to know 
Whether the fire so long and 

red would glow 
As erst in Troy, he heard that 

Bomans said. 
The mounting fire bum*d 

longest and most red. 
Base deed, in such fierce frolic 

to delight. 
Aimless and vain, unless to 

mark his might. 
And, once it happened, at a 

certain hour. 
He would again show forth his 

frantic power, 

^ Boet lib. ii. metmm 6^— KotIibiib qnantas dederit ruinas, &c 

Digitized by 




p& he ne eapnabe. 

ellef piihce. 

buton ]»8&t he polbe. 

ofep pep-jMobe. 

hif anef hupu. 

anpalb cy)>aa. 

6ac hic ^ef »lbe. 

at punum cieppe 

f»c fe ilea hec. 

eaUe acpellan. 

)» pico]t»n. 

Romana pitan. 

a»b !» «f elejtaai. 

eopl jebypbum. 

fe he on faem poke. 

Seppijen haejrbe. 

8ob on uppan. 

ajene bpojK>ji. 

anb hij- mobop mib. 

Dieca ecjnm. 

biUum op>beatan. 

l?e hij- bpjrbe oj^lpg. 

rdp nub rpeopbe, 

^b he f^^mle psftf . 

ttude j,e bL«pa. 

on bpeojt:-cofan. 

fonne he j-p^lcej* inop%ef . 

maej-t ^epjiemebe. 

nall^ pop jobe. 

Wep j-i«]?an a. 

ni»htij Dpihcen. 

^Baetan polbe. 

Ppece be ^epyphmm. 


^ he on pept5e f se^n. 

F^cnef anb peapupa. 

l^lhpiop punobe. 

r >olb emne ppa feah. 

®^ej- f ijjef msepan. 


n^ rpa lyft anb laju. 

And bade the richest men of 

Eome be skiD, 
Each earl of highest birth, each 

wisest thane : 
"With swords and bills he 

hewed until they died, 
His mother, brother, yea, and 

his own bride, — 
Ever the blither in his own bad 

When he had done such mur- 
ders cruellest. 
Nothing redk'd he that Aoon 

the mighty Lord 
Would mete out wrath to sin- 
ners so abhorr'd, 
But in his mind, that fed on 

wicked wiles, 
J^emain'd a savage, wveath'd 

in cunning smiles. 
Still, even he so ruled this 

Par as the land hath air, and 

sea for girth, 
Far as the sea sunounds all 

men and things, 
The seats of warriors, and the 

thrones of kings. 
That from the South, and East, 

and furthest West, 
And earth's high headlaad 

reaching noctheiuesl^ 

Digitized by 




lanb ^mbcljrppa^. 
jap-recj embe-2ypt. 
jumena pice, 
fecje ptlu. 
pi^-eaft anb pefC. 
06 ]>a nop^meftan. 
n»j7an on eop]mn. 
eall ]»»t Nepone. 
nebe ot$^ luftum. 
hea]K)-pmca jebpilc 
bepan fceolbe. 
pe hs&pbe him to jamene 
tenne he on ^Ip aftaj* 
hu he eop^-c^njsf. 
^mbe anb qwbnbe. 
penjt; )>u f ye anpalb. 
eat$e ne meahce. 
Iiobef fl&lmihti^ef . 
]K>ne 2elp-fca]»an. 
pice bep»ban. 
anb bepeapan. 
hif anpalbef . 
]mph ^a ecan meaht. 
oWSe him hif f^elef, 
ellef jeftiopan. 
€ala jip he polbe. 
]>»c he pel meahce. 
|>»t impiht him. 
ea^ popbioban. 
€apla f f e hlap opb. 
hepj jioc flepce. 
fpape on ]>a j^ypan. 
f inpa J^e^ena. 
ealpa ]>apa h»le]Mi. 
fe on hif tibum. 
jeonb ]7af lenan popolb. 
hban fceolbon. 
pe on unf cylb^m. 
eopla blobe. 
hif fpeopb f elebe. 
fpit5e jelome. 

All this to Nero willing wor- 
ship gave. 
And everjr chief by force be- 
came his slave, 
Till *twas his game, when pride 

had pufTd his mind 
To hunt and kill the kings of 

human kind. 
But thinkest thou that God*8 

all holy might 
Could not with ease this 

haughty sinner smite, 
And scathe his pride, and drive 

him from the helm, 
Or quench his guilt, and so 

berid the realm P 
O that he would, as well he 

might with ease, 
Ever forbid such wrongful 

works as these ! 
Woe! that this lord should 

cast so heavy a yoke 
On all men*s neckB,both tbanes 

and serving folk, 
Who, for the harmful season of 

his power, 
Lived in this world their 

quickly passing hour : 
Woe ! that his sword was often 

weltering then 
With blood of high-born earls 

and guiltless men ! 
Clearly in this, our saying 

shone out bright, 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



Da&p paBf fpi^e fpeotol. 

]wt pe f»bon ojr. 

]wt fe anpalb ne b^. 

apiht jobef . 

PF re pel nele. 

J>e hif ^epealb bafai5. 

That power can do no good, as 

well it might, 
If he who rules, wills not to 

rule aright. 


Ijp nu h»le)ya hpone. 
hlij-an lyj-te. 
unnytne jelp. 
ajan pille. 

]H)ime ic hme polbe. 
popbum bibban. 
}9dt he hine se^ponon. 
utan ymbe |>ohte. 
rpeotole ymb fape. 
futS-eap: anb pejt; 
hu pibjd pnt. 
polcnum ymbutan. 
heotoney hpealye . 
ni»5 eatJe pmcan. 
l>»t feop eopt5e pe. 
«aU pop f»c ofep. 
mijemec^ Iftel. 
feah hio unpifum. 
pibjel fince. 
on ptebe ptpon^hc. 
rteopleapum men, 
])eah m»2 |>one pipan. 
on Sepit-locan. 
Jwpe jitpunje. 
Selpep fcamian. 
Niuie hme ]7»f hlipan. 
heapbopt lypte*. 
•Jib he feah ne msej. 
pone tobpeban. 



If any man will be so vain 
As now for fame to lust, 

The emptj praise of men to 
And in such folly trust. 

Him would I bid to gaze 
^ around 
The circle of the sky, 
And think how far above the 
ground , 
The heaven is wide and high. 

How small this world to wis- 
dom's ken 
Set against that so vast, 
Though ours may seem to wit- 
less men 
Huge, wide, and sure to last. 

Yet may the wise in heart feel 
That once his thirst was 
For silly greediness of fame 
That never lasteth long. 

Such lust of praise he may not 
Over this narrow earth, 

* Boet lib. iL metram 7.--Qaicnmqae solam mente prtecipiti petit, &c. 
i Cott. imismet. 

Digitized by 



n»ni^e ]>in2a. 
If y»t unnet ^elp* 
€ala opepmoban. 
hpi eop al^e. 
mib eoppum fpipan. 
felfpa piUum. 
]>8Bt fp»pe jioc. 
fymle unbepkitan. 
Ppy ^e ymb ]>»t unnet. 
eakuj nnncen. 
]7»t 2® ]H>ne hlipm. 
habban tiLaS. 
opep ]>ioba ma. 
]x>nne eop ]>eapp pe. 
peaih eop nu ^efa&le. 
]>8BC eop pit$ o$5e nop)^. 
]>a jtmqiaui. 
on monij ^lobiyg. 
nudum kepien. 
Deah hpa »]iele pe. 
eopl jeb^pbum. 
pelum 2epeop)>a9. 
anb on plencum pio. 
bupi]mm biope. 
beats p»f ne f qupelf. 
]>omie him pum popI)B9t. 
pobopa palbenfo.. 
ac he ]7one pelejan.. 
pnblum ^ehce. 
epn m»pne ^ebeii. 
»lcef ]»m;^ef . 
Pp»p pnt nu ywf p^WL 
pelanbef ban, 
psBf jolb-pnipep . 
fe paBf jeo ma&pojc 
poppy ic cpaeC f aep pipm« 
pelanbef ban. 
poppy »npmi ne mn^. 

'Tis follf ail, and of the dead, 
A glorj nothing worth. 

And you, proud, why wiah 
ye still 
And strive with all your core 
The heavy yoke of your own 
Upon your necks to bear ? 

Why will ye toil yet more and 
For glory's usdess prize, 
And reach your rule from shore 
to shore 
ITnneeded and unwise? 

Though now ye ragn from 

South to North, 

And, with an eameat wiH, 

The furthest dwellers on the 


Your dread behests falfil2 

The greatest earl of wealthiest 
However rich or high, 
Death cares not fpr him, bat 

With even hand right swift to 
At Hia allowiag word. 
The rich man and. tha poor 
The low-born and his lonL 

Where are the* bones of We- 
land now, 
So shrewd to work in gold ? 
Weland, though wise, to deatb 
must bow,. 
That greatest man of old : 

Digitized by 





re cp»pt lopan. . 

}e hiia I^ft onlanlf* 

Ne m»^ mon »|^e )7 e0. 

mme pfisBccan. 

hif cpaBptej* bemman. 

^ ifton onc^pan^HOigp.. 

pinnan on}*pi]aBL. 

anb fipie rpiftan jiobofi. 

oj: % pdit-pyne. 

junca asm J. 

Ppa pat mi ]»!* yifwiu 

pdanbej- ban. 

on hpelcum in hlaepa. 

l^upui ])eceai. 

Pp»p If nu f e pica. 

Romaoa pita. 

&Qb f e BipoiM^ 

fe pe ;pnb jppecatS. 


re jehaten pa&p. 

nub fsdm biiphpi^iim. 

Bputuf nemneb. 

Pf»P If eac pe pipa. 

«nb re peoptS-^eopmu 

■Bb re pByr-p80ba. 

Folc«r liypbe. 

re paep u«pica. 

»lcer finjer. 

cene anb cpsscta. 


P» p»pon xepypn. 


'Mtt; naeni^ mon. 

^P»p hi nu pmbon. 

t^t ip hiopa hepe. 

buton pe Uifa an. 

re ir eac co Ijtd. 

rpelcpa lapiopa. 

rop])8&m )»a maso-pmcap. 

^ftpan pypt$e p»pon. 

Though wise, I say; for whsfc 
Christ gives 
Of wisdom to a man, 
That craft with Uol for ever 
Which ones on. earth begm : 

And sooner shall a man's hand 
The sun from her due course, 
Than steal from any dying 
His cunning skill by forces 

Who then can tell, wise W«- 
land*s bones 
Where now tbaj rest so 
Beneath what heap of earth 
and stones 
Their prison is made strongP 

Bome's wisest son, be-known 
BO well, 
Who strove her rights to 
That mighty master^ who can 
Where Brutus has a grave P 

So too, the man of sternest 
The good, the brave, the 
His people's shoph^, who 
hath told 
Of Cato, where he lies ? 

Long are they dead : and none 

can know 

More of them than their 

name : [now 

Such teachers have too little 

Of all their worthy fame. 

Digitized by 




on populbe. 

Ac hic If yfjiye nu. 

ymt ;eonb ]>af eop]wn. 

»Shp»p pnbon. 

hiopa ^elicaii. 

hpon ymb fpjuBce. 

fume opeidice. 

ealle popjitene. 

b»t hi f e hlifa. 

fup-cut$e ne m»2- 

pope-ms&pe pepaf . 

pop's jebpenjan. 

Deali ^e nu penen 

anb pdni^en. 

tot ^e lan^e tib. 

bbban moten. 

bpiDt lop »Fpe ]>y bet. 

bio ot5Se )yince. 

pop]>»m ^e nane poplet. 

]»eah hit lanj J^mce. 

bea^ »]t;ep bogop-pune. 

]>onne he hepS Dpihtnef leape. 

Pp»t ]H>nne h»bbe. 

h»le)>a aemj. 

puna ffit ]>»m pipe. 

pp hine je^pipan mot. - 

fe eca beaS. 

s&ptep ]>ij7um populbe. 

Now too, forgotten every- 
where, • 

The like to them have found 
But little kindly speech or care 

From all the world around ; 

So that, however wise in wbrth, 
Such foremoBt men may 
No home-felt praises bring 
them forth 
Eor fame throughout the 

Though now ye wish long time 
to live. 
And pine to have it so, 
What better blessing can it 
Than now ye find below? 

As Death lets none go free at 
When God allows him 
If Death for ever follows fast, 
How short is this world's 
hour ! 


An f ceppenb if. 
butan 8&lcum tpeon. 
f e if eac pealbenb. •- 
populb-jefceapta. *. 
heofonef anb eojiyA 
anb heah fe. 
anb ealpa ]»apa. 
]>e ])»p m puniat5. 



'^One, only One, made all the 
heavens- and earth; 
Doubtless, Id Him all beings 
*owe their mrth ; 

And guided by His care, 
Are al], who theiein dwell un« 
seen of us, *r\; 

k Boet lib. ii. metntm 8.^Qaod mondas stabiH fide, && 

Digitized by 




anb eac fpa fame. 

f apa f e pe ea^m. 

on lociaiS. 

ealpa jerceapta. 

re ir a&lmihtij. 

f aem oleccatJ. 

ealle jej-ceapte. 

fe faej- ambehcej-. 

apuhc cunnon. 

Se eac fpa fame. 

fa p»f aulic nj^con. * 

J>3Bt hi f aef f eobnef . 

feopaf pnbon, 

re uf sef ecte. 

ribo anb feapaf . 

eaJlum jef ceaptum. 



pbbe 25ecynbe. 

fa J>a he polbe. 

f»t f he polbe. 

rpa lanje f pa he polbe. 

fat hic pef an f ceolbe. 

rp* hjc eac to populbe pceaL 

Fwuan^ pop8. 

fopfaem s&ppe ne majon. 

fa unpnllan. 


peopfan jeptilbe. 

Of faem pyne onpenb. 

fe him pobepa peapb. 


eallum jefecte. 

«»}i^ pe alpealba. 

ealle jerceapta. 

X^baet mib hir bpible. 

HatJ bufcu jeSC 

ealle ^emanobe. 
^b eac jecogen. 
f«t hi ne mocen. 

And these whom we can look 
at, liviDg thus 
In land, and sea, and air. 

He is Almighty: Him all 

things obey, 
That in such bondage know 
how blest are they ; 
Who have so good a king ; 
Those also serve, who thereof 

know not aught 
Dutiful work, however little 
As bond-slaves they must 

He hath set out in kindred 

kindness still 
Duties and laws to work His 
changeless will, 

And, after His own mind, 
That which He will'd so long . 

as will He would. 
He wiird that everything for 
ever should 
Thenceforward keep its 

Never may restless things to 

rest attain. 
And from that settled circle 
turn in vain 

Which order's God hath 
He hatn set fast, and check'd 

them each and all 
By the strong measured bridle 
of his call 
To rest, or to be driven. 

1 Cott. pumat?. 

Digitized by 




op^ metob«f ef& 
iBfpe jejnllan. 
ne ept eallun^. 
f jnfop jTipian. 
J^onne hi p^opa-petfib. 
hif jepealb-lefeji. 
piUe onlaeceiL 
he haf»t$ ]7am^ bpible. 
butu befao^eii. 
beoyron anb eopj^an. 
anb eall hohna-be^on;. 
Spa ha^ ^thaB^xpob. 
hefon-picef peapb. 
mib hif aapealbe. 
ealle 5ef ceapta. 
)?a&t hiopa 8&jhpilc. 
pi^ o]»ep pmt$: 
anb ^eah pmnenbe. 
ppe)>ia9 pieroe. 
a&jhpilc opep. • 
' utan ymbdSrppeiS. 
py Is&f hi tofpifea. 
f opp»m hi fjrmle fCOloBi; 
]»oiie ilcan pyne. 
ejt jecyppan. 
Jie 86C ppym^. 
pa&bep 5etiobe. 
anb fpa ebnipe. 
ejx: jepioppan. 
fpa hit nu pajatS. 
jrpean ealb ^eopcx 
p»t re pmnenbe; 
pi)>eppeapb ^^ceapt. 
f a&fte pbbe. 
popt^ anheelbaJB. 
fpa nu pyp anb peceyi. 
polbe anb laj^-fTpieaia. 
mani^ oppu jep cespt. 
epn fpii5e him. 
jionb pap piban* populbe. 

» Cott J>e. 

Ab He, great woid, the leatheim 

reins of might 
Holds loose in His right hand, 
or draws them tight ; 
For He hath stretch'd 
His bridle over earth, air, sea, 

and beach, 
That all things, leaning fastlj 
each on each, 

By double strife stand 

For, ever as at first, the Father 

In the same ways of rmming 
that He made 

Still changing though un- 
By strife most steady keeping 

peace most true 
Our Free-Lord's handicraflr, so 
old yet new, 
Is erermore arranged. 

Thus earth and sea*stream,fire 

and water thus, 
And all great things about or 
far from us, 
Betwiit themselves hold 
Yet so good-fellowship allfastly 

And render bondage true, and 
duty deep 
To Him who lent their 

ITor only thus, that each the 

rest to please, 
Whitherward things together 

dwell at ease, 
• Cott. pibap . 

Digitized by 


Tflifi iiETBEs 01* iroutHitrs. 


|nnna'5 betpeox him. 
anb f pa ]>eah ma^on. 
luopa pe^nn^. 
anb jepepj-cipe. 
Jra&jrre ^ehealban. 
Nif hit: no f an. 
faetr nw eat^e m»^. 
pi]7eppeapb jef ceapp. 
pefan »rj«b^e. 
jymbel jeFcpan. 
Ik; hic If feliiqie. 
)>a&t; hiopa a&ni; ne m»S- 
bucasi opjivm bion. 
ac f ceal puhra jehpilc. 
pifeppeajibef hpsee-hpa^ti. 
babban unbep heopontuu. 
fafc h\f hije. 
bVLjijie jemet^an. 
8Bp hic CO micel peofi^e. 
VsBrf^ f e ae^lmilvcija. 
eallum jefceaptum. 
faet jepjiixle jeret. 
pe nu punian fceal. 
Pl^ca jpopan. 

leaf 2P^^i*^- 
pset: on fasepp^ eps. 
hpejT anb pealupat). 
pincep bpmjetJ. 
pebep un^emet calb. 
fpipce pinbaf . 
8uinop »fteii cpn^. 
peapm 5epibepu. 
Ppa&t pa ponnan mbt. 
mona onlihcet$. 
o^pset monnum bsd%. 
funne bpmjetJ. 
ponb pap f iban j^cei^. 
Paaj^ re ilea Cob: 
eoppan anb pa&tepe. 
meapce jepejct^. 
mepe-fcpeam ne beap. * 

Bat far more strange than 


Nor one, but on its tliwarter 

still depends, 
And lives on that which while 
it harms befriends, 

Lest it too great should 

Wisely the mighty Fraraer of 

the world 
Hath set this turn-about for 

ever twirPd, 
Tet ever still to stay ; 
The sprouting wort shoots 

greenly from its root, 
And dying, then, in harvest 

yields its fruit, 

To live another day. 

.Winter brings weather cold, 

swift winds and snow ; 
Summer comes afterward with 
warming glow ; 

By night ontshinea the 
..Till o'er this wideHBeen world 

the day i:^*sp(riiigs. 
And to all men the son returo* 
ing brings 

Her welcome brightness 

So also, G-od hath bounded sea 

and land : 
The fishy kind, except at HSo 

On earth may nererswim : 
JN'or t;an the sea earth's thtiesh- 

old overleaj), 
Nor can the earth, beyond t^e 
tide at neap, [rim. 

O'erstep the sea's wide 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



Of ep eoppan fceac. 

eapb ^ebpaeban. 

fifca cynne. 

bucan ppean leape. 

ne hio aeppe ne moc. 

eopfan f ypj*c-polb. 

up opep fteppan. 

ne ]>a ebban ]>on ma. 

plbep meapce opep. 

papan mocon. 

)ia jepecneija. 

f ijopa pealbenb. 

lipep leoht ppuma. 

l»t fenben he pile. 

^eonb ]>af m»pan jepceapt. 

meajice healben. 

Ac.^onne pe eca. 

anb pe selmihti^a. 

)?a 2epealb-le}>epu. 

pile 0Dl»caii. 

epne }>apa bpibla. 

"pe he jebs&tce. 

nub hip a^en peopc. 

call 8&C ppymtJe. 

))8ec ip pifeppeapbnep. 

puhte ^ehpelcpe. 

pe pe mib ]7»m bpible. 

becnan tihat$. 

jip pe pioben Iset. 

pa. toplupan. 

pona hi popla&ta^. 

lupan anb pbbe. 

fa&p jepeppcipep. 


vdsS anpa ^ehpilc. 

a^nep pillan. 


pinnatS betpeox him. 

otSfa&c flop eopt$e. 

eaU pojipeop)>et$. 

anb eac ppa pame. 

These things the Source and 
Spring of life and light 

The Lord of wielded might, by 
His will's right, 

Biddeth their bounds to 

Until the Ever -living One 

makes burst 
The curbing bridle set on all 

at first, 

And so unreins the deep. 

By rein and bridle in a hint I 

The waywardness of all things, 

each on each ; 

For, iftheEulerwUrd 
The thoDgs to slacken, things 

would soon forsake 
All love and peace, and wilful 

evil make 

Instead of good f ulfill'd. 

Each after its own selfish will 

would strive. 
Till none of things on earth 
were left alive 

In such be wrestling stera ; 
And in like manner other 

things unseen 
Would be as if they never then 
had been, 
AH brought to nought in 

But the same God, who meteth 

all things thus. 
Makes folk to be at peace with 
aH and us, 

In friendship true and 

Digitized by 







olSpa ^ef ceajita. 
peop}>a'S him felfe. 
fit$)>a]i to nauhce. 
Ac f e ilea Eob. 
f e j) eall met^^^. 
f e jejrehtJ pela. 
folca CO f omne. 
anb mib ppeonbf cipe. 
p»ft:e je^pat^. 
^efamnaB pnfcipaf . 
pbbe jemen^et$. 
cls&nLce luj:e. 
fpa f e cps&ft^a eac. 
pa&fce jefamnatJ. 
J>aec hi hiopa ppeonbfcipe. 
foptS on f ymbel. 
tpeopa ^ehealbat^. 
pbbe fampabe. 
eala fijopa Eob. 
p»p ^if moncyn. 
miclum jera&hj. 
pp hiopa mob-fepa. 
meahre peopj'an. 
rtapolpaBjT jepeaht. 
puph fa ptponjan meaht. 
anb je enbebypb. 
fpa rpa otJpa pint, 
populb jepceapca. 
p2&iie hic la ]>onne. 
niup5e mib monnum. 
jip hic meahte ppa. 

He knits together in a love 

most fond 
Unending wedlock, and the 

kindred hond 
For evermore to lastf. 

So too, the ekill'd All-worker 

well unites 
The fellowship of men in 
friendly rights, 
That they maj live at 
In simple truthfulness and 

single strength 
Thenceforth for ever of one 
mind, at length 
To make all evil cease. 

God AU-conquering ! this 

lower earth 
Would be for men the blest 
abode of mirth 
If they were strong in 
As other things of this world 

well are seen ; 
then, far other than they 
yet have been, 

How happy would men 


8e fe piUe pypcan. 
p»ptmb»pe lonb. 
acio op ]>»m »cepe. 
aepepc pona. 



Whoso wills to till a field, 
Well to bear a fruitful yield, 

Boet lib. iit metrum 1.— Qui serere ingeMimm volet 8grain,&c. 


by Google 

IH£ HSXms .07 B0JIXB71!9. 

cfeapn anb )K>piiaf . 

anb f^faf f pa fame yiob, 

jMi )»e pilla^. 

pel hps&p bepian. 


Jr^ laBf he ci))a-leaf . 

•iK^e on {WBm lanbe. 

If leobajehpsem. 

Jiof o^pu bjrfen. 

epi behepi. 

>«&t If ))ast t0 ]>ynoe8. 

]»e^a jehpelcam. 

kuBi^ef bi-bpeab. 

healpe f y f petpe. 

gip he hpene »p. 

huni^ef ceape. 

biCTMf (Hibyp^e^. 

BitJ eac fpa fame. 

xnonna »^pilc. 

micle fy pa&^enpa. 

lijjff pe«per. 

pp hine lycle «p. 

[Xopnaf s^FtonbaS. 

anb f e fceapca pinb. 

ii(^]>ttB anb eaptan. 

N»nepim J'ubce. 

km^ on I'once. 

^ip f 10 bimme niht;. 

jB&p opep elbnm. 

ejepan ne bpohce. 

Spa ]>inct$ anpa ^ehps&m. 


po fotSe ^ef »!$• 

fymle fe betepe* 

anb )>y pynpumpe. 

)>e he pita ma. 

heapbpa ken)a. 

hep abpeo^e^. 

Du meaht eac mfde ^ et$. 

on mob-pepan. 

f o))a jef »l)ia. 

.Let him Erst pluck up and 

Thorns and thistles, furze and 

Which are wont clean wheat 

to hurt, 
Lying lifeless iu the dirt. 

And this other likeness too 
Well behoves us all to view, 
Namely, that to those who eat 
Honeycomb, it seems more 

K a man before the tear 
Of honey, taste of bitter cheer. 

So it falls, that all men are 
With fine weather happier far 
If a little while before 
Storms were spread the welkin 

And the stark wind, east by 

Lately rush'd in anger forth. 

None would think the daylight 

If dim night they did not fear ; 
So, to every one of us. 
On the broad earth dwelUng 

Joy more joyous still is seen 
Auer troubles once have been. 

Also, thine own mind to please, 
Thou shalt gain the greater 

Digitized by 




fpeocolop- ^ecnapui. 
anb to heo^a cytSVe. 
becnman ji^Sfm. 
jip fu op ac^fC. 

anb )>u apyptpalajis. 

op jejnt-locan. 

leafa ^efsol^. 

fpa jTia lanbef •ceopA. 

op luf SBcepe lycfi. 

ypel peob mom;. 

8it$)»an ic ]>e f eeje. 

]net; ]m fpeotole meaibt. 

fv^ ^6]r8&l]ia. 

fona oncnapan. 

anb fn aeppe ne pecft. 

a&nijep frnjep. 

opep ^a aae. 

^ )9U hi eallep o uytp t . 

\And sbalt go wkere true jojs 

If all false joys thou forego ; 
As ill weeds ore pull'd with 

Bj the land-oburl foom the 


And hereafter, thee I tell, 
True joys there await thee 

Ay. and here, if these be first, 
Thou for nought beside wilt 

But all else shall fail to please 
If thou truly knowest these. 


Ic pille mib ^ibbum. 
jec jecyfan. 
hu pe a&lmihti^a. 
eaJlpa ^ep ceapca. 
bpyji^ mib hip bpiblum. 
he^i "pibeji he pde, 
mib hip anpealbe. 
3e enbebypb. 
pel jemetjatS. 
liapat$ ppa ^eheafopab. 
heopona poalbaxb. 
utan bspan^en. 
ealla ^epceapta. 
^epa&peb mib hip pacentan. 
yxt hi apebian ne ma^on. 
]^»t hi hi »ppe him. 
op aplepen. 



1 will with «0Bgs make known 

How the Almighty still 
Bridles all things from His 
And bends them to His will, 
By His wielded might 
Set wonderfully right. 

The Baler ef the skies 

Hath well girtalHhiDgs Bd, 
Binding them iii such strong 
Aside they cannot go. 
And may not fed tbe'way 
Whereby to slip astray. 

^ Boet lib. iii metromSi^HQMnteftseram flectat habenas, &c. 

Digitized by 




aiib feaii pihta ^ehpilc. 

ppi^atS eo-healb. 

pbpa ^ef ceapta. 

fpi^e onhelbeb. 

jntJ fa&r jecynbef . 

)>e hi c^nm; en^^ 

pebep 8&t FpymtSe. 

fsfte ^etiobe. 

fpa nu J^m^a jelipilc. 

]»ibep-peapb pinbaS. 

pbjia ^ef ceap::a. 

ba^on pimum en^am. 

anb moncynne. 

)>apa miclef to peola. 


pints pit$ jecynbe. 

Deah nu on lonbe. 

leon ^emete. 

pynpime piht. 

pel atemebe. 

hipe ma^iftep. 

miclum lup^e. 

anb eac onbpa&be. 

bojopa ^ehpelce. 

jip hic aeppe ^efS&ltS. 

])aBt hio »ni^ef . 

blobef onb57i5et5. 

ne ]7eapp beopna nan. 

penan ]>aepe pypbe. 

j)8er hio pel p^]?an. 

hipe taman healbe. 

ac ic tiohhie. 

)>aet hio ))»f nipan taman. 

nauht ne ^ehic^e. 

ac ]7one pilban ^epunan. 

pille 2e)>encan.^ 

hipe elbpena. 

on^mtS eopnefte. 

pacentan flitan. 

jipi jpymetijan. 


And each living thing 

On this crowded earth 
Firmly to the bent doth cling 
Which it had at birth 
From the Father's hand. 
King of Angel-land. 

Tbus each one we find 

Of beings in their turn. 
Save some bad angels and man- 
Thitherward doth yearn ; 
But those too often force 
Against their nature's 

A lioness may be such 

A tame and winsome beast, 
That she may love her master 
Or fear him, at the least; 
But if she taste of gore 
She will be tame no more : 

Let it not be thought 

That she will then be mild, 
But back to her old likings 
Be as her elders wild, 
In earnest break her 

And rave and roar amain. 

Will first her keeper bite, 
And then all else beside^ 


Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



anb »peft abit. 

hipe ajenef . 

hufCf hipbe. 

anb hpatle p^{>an. 

ha&lepa jehpilcne. 

fe hio jehentan m8&^. 

nele hio f oplaetan. 

libbenbef puhc. 

neata ne monna. 

mmC eall f liio pnt. 

Spa botJ pubu-piglaf . 

feah hi pel pen. 

tela atemebe. 

Stp 111 on tpeopum peopf atS. 

holte to mibbef . 

hp»^e biotJ f oprepene. 

heopa lapeopap . 

fe hi lan^e ap. 

tybon -^ temebon. 

In on tpeopum pilbe. 


a fop^ p'Sf an. 

piUum puma's. 

f eah him polbe hpilc. 

heopa lapeopa. 

lirtum beoban. 

fone ilcan mete. 

fe he hi »pop mib. 

tame jetebe. 

him fa tpiju }>incat5. 

emne fpa mepje. 

faet hi J)8&r meter ne pectJ. 

fmcS him to fon pynjnm. 

fast him pe pealb oncpyS. 

j>onne hi jehepa^. 

hleofpum bps&jban. 

o^pe pijelap. 

hi heopa apie. 

rtepne ptypiatJ. 

rtunaS eal jeabop. 

pel-pinpum pane. 

Cattle or men, each living 


Will seize, whate'er betide, 

All she can find will seize, 

Her ravening to appease. 

So the wood finches too, 
Though timely tamed they 
If to the woods escaped anevr, 
Again they flutter free ; 
However train'd and 

Their teachers then are 
nought : 

But wilder evermore, 
They will not leave tbe 
Though by their trainers, as 
of yore. 
Enticed by tempting food ; 
So merry seem tbe trees, 
That meats no more may 

All winsome then is found 
The wide weald sounding 
With other birds that sing 
And so these find their song. 
Stunning one's ears with 

Of their woodland joys. 

Digitized by VjOOQ iC 


pubu eallum oncpjrt$. 

Spa bit$ eallum cpeopum. 

)^ hum on »]^le bitS. 

)^»t hit on holte. 

hykjt ;^«pefLxe. 

feah pvi hpilcne boh. 

byje pi8 eop)Mj;i. 

he foi5 uppeeipbef . 

fpa ))u an poplaeteft. 

pibu on pilkn. 

penc on jeeynbe. 

Spa be9 eac jio jtmiie. 

)>onne hio on fije pe(^]^e$. 

Of ep mitme baej. 

mepe conbel. 

fcyfC on ofb»le. 

uneut$ne pe^. 

nihcef jenef e^. 

nopt$ ep ■] eaft. 

elbum otepc5. 

bpencfS eoptJ-papum. 

mopjen mepe tophrne. 

hio opep moskeyn ftM. 

a uppes^ep. 

ot$ hio epc cyme?. 

fs&p hipe ypemejc bi'5. 


%« fpa 8&lc 2;^eea)9c;. 

eaQe ma&^ene. 

^eonb f ap pibaii pofiidb. 

ppijatJ ^ hi^atJ. 

ealle m«^ne. 

e^ rymle on 1;^. 

yiiS hipjecynbep. 

cym^ CO ))onzie.'h)t mmi- 

Nip nu opep eopfan. 

aeneju jepceapt. 

"pe ne pilnie f sec hio. 

polbe cuman. 

CO ))am eapbe. 

pe hio op becom. 

ThuB too, every tree, 

Grown high in its own soil. 

Though thou shalt bend its 

boughs to be 

Bow'd to the earth with toil, 

Let go, it upward .flies 

At its free will to rise. 

Thus also, when the sun, 

Great cwdle of the world, 
After the nud-day dewju doth 
To unknown daricness hurl'd, 
Again-she brings to earth 
Bright morn, north-east* 
em birth. 

Upward she ever goes, 

Up, to her highest place: 
So, every creature kindly grows 
According to its race. 
And strives with all its 

To take its iiature's right. 

There is not now one thing 

Over this wide earth 
That doth not ^all its longings 
About its place of birth, 
And safely there find rest 
In G^ Almighty blest. 

There is Bot one thing found 
Over this wide world 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



faet If opj-op^nef. 
aob ecu pefC. 
))a&fc If openLce. 
atkmhti Dob. 
Nij- nu opep eopfan. 
aeneju jefccaft. 
)>e ne hpeapp^e. 
rpa rpa lipeol be«. 
on hipe felfpe. 
fopfon bio fpa'hpeappa'S. 
)>8Bt hio epc cmne. 
J>8Bp hio aepop p«f . 
)>oime hio aqiefC pe. 
utan behpeppeb. 
JHmne bio eaJlef pyp«. 
utan bee^peb. 
^rceoleft bon. 
]>a&t bio »p bybe. 
attb eac pefan. 
l>»t bio »pop peep. 

Pp»t bi^ faem pelejan. 
on bip mobe fe bet. 
feah he micel aje. 
Solbep ^ jimma. 
^fe Sooba xebp»f . 
*5*ta unpim. 

^fe bim mon epijen pcyle. 
*S^pelce bae^. 
»cepa fuj-enb. 
*^ab fep mibban jeapb. 
^^ fif manna cyn. 
ry unbep jTinnan. 
{^^ pejT "3 eapt. 
*^»r tinpalbe edl. 
^e mot be fapa byppta. 

Bat on itself witb endless 
It, like a wheel, is twirl' d, 
So turning to be seen 
As. it before liatb been : 

For when at firgt it moves, 

Eight xound it turns aumin ; 
And, where it once has gone, 
To go that way again ; 
And as it was before. 
To be so evermwe. 



What is a man the better, 

A man of worldly tnould/— 
Though he be gainful getter 

Of richest gems and gold. 
With every kind well filled 

Of goods in ripe array. 
And though for him be tilled 

A thousand fields a day ? 
Though all this middle-earth 

Beneath his wealdom 
And men and all their worth 
be [own, 

South, east, and west, his 

^ Boet. lib. liL metrma S.-— Qoamvis fluente dives auri gargite, &c. 


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hiona ne Iseban. 
Of fiffe populbe. 
puhce fon mape. 
]>onne he hifeji bpohte. 
Da fe pifbom fa f if lio^ 
afunjen hsepbe. ]^ onjan 
he ejt; fpellian anb cpxiS, 


Deah hine nu. 

fe yfela unpihtpifa. 

Nepon cynmcj. 

nipan jefceppce. 

plire^m psebum. 


golbe seslenjbe. 

anb 5iin-cynnum. 

feah he pa&f on populbe, 

picena jehpelcum. 

on hif lif-bajum. 

la^ anb unpeop8. 


hpaec fe feonb fpa f eah. 

hif biophnjaf . 

bujufumr f cepte, 

ne ma&j ic feah jehyc^an. 

hpy him on hije fopfCe. 

afy fael pefan. 

J>eah hi jniine hpile. 

jecupe bucan cpa&ptiun, 

cynmja b^^jejart;. 

na&pon hy fy peoptJpan. 

piCena aenejum. 

]>eah hme ye byp i^a. 

bo CO cynin^e. 

hu msB J f 5ef ceabpif . 

fcealc jepeccan. 

fat he him fy f elpa, 

fie ot5t$e pmce. 

He cannot of such treasure, 
Away with him take aught, 

Nor gain a greater measure 
Than in his mind he brought. 

"Wisdom having sung this lay, 
Again began his spell to say. 



Though Nero now himself, that 
evil king 

TJnriffhteous, in his new 
and glittering robe 
Deck'd wonderfully for ap- 
With gold and gems and many 
a brightsome thing, 

Seem'd to be greatest of 
this earthly globe, 
Yet to the wise man was he 

full of crime, 
Loathly and worthless in his 
life's daytime : 

And though this fiend his 
darlings would reward 
"With gifts of rank, my 
mind I cannot bring 
To see why he to such should 

grace afford : 
Yet if some whiles a foolish 
kine: or Iprd 

"Will choose the simple all 
the wise above, 
A fool himself, to be by fools 

How should a wise man reckon 
on his love ? 

o Boet. lib. iii. metrum 4. — Quamvis se Tyrio superbus ostro, &c. 

Digitized by 





8e ]>e piUe anpalb a^on. 

]7onne fceal he aepepc cilian. 

face he hif felpef. 

on fepan aje. 

anpalb mnan. 

}>y l»r he a&fpe fie. 

hif un])eapum. 

eall unbep}>ybeb. 

abo oj: hif mobe. 

mifbcpa fela. 

paji2L ^^bho^ona. 

fe him unnet fie. 

Isece fume hpile. 


anb epmpa ])mpa. 

Deah him eall fie. 

J>ef mibban ^eapb. 

fpa fpa mepe-f tpeamaf . 


on »ht ^if en. 

epxe fpa pibe. 

f pa fpa pefmeft nu. 

an i^onb h"^, 

uc on japfecj. 

]7aep ns&n^u bi5. 

mbt on fumepa. 

ne puhce J'on ma. 

on pincpa ba&j. 

coteleb tibum. 

]7aec if Tile haten. 

]?eah nu anpa hpa. 

eallef pealbe. 

faef ijlanbef . 

anb eac J'onan, 

€>6 Inbeaf . 


]>eah he nu f ealL 

ajan mote. • 



He that wishes power to win, 
First must toil to rule his 

That himself the slave to sin 
Selfish lust maj never bind : 

Let him hasta to put away 
All that fruitless heap of 
Cease awhile thy sighs to-day, 
And thyself from sorrow 

Though to him this middle- 
For a garden all be given, 
With the sea-stream round its 
East and west the width of 
heaven ; 

From that isle which lies out- 
Furthest in the Western 
Where no summer sees a 
And no winter knows a day ; 

Though from this, far Thule's 
Even to the Indian East, 
One should rule the world 
With all power and might 

P Boet lib. iii. metroin 5. — Qui se volet esse potentem, &c 

Digitized by 



iHft MaTBSfl or BOXSHirS* 

hpy bilS hif anptlb. 
auhte ^y mapa. 
jip he pt$)>an nmb. 
hif relfej- 5epealb. 
anb hme eopnefte. 
pel ne bepajiena^. 
popbum -] bBSbam. 
pi<5 fa un]>eapaf . 
j>e pe ymb fppeca^. 


08Be eoptipafiaE* 

eaUe hepben. 


ppuman jelicne. 

hi op anum q^sMii. 

ealle comon. 

pepe 1 ptF«- 

on populb lunaii. 

anb hi eac nu ^ec. 

ealle ^elice^ 

on populb cuma^. 

plance -] heane. 

nif f nan ponbop* 

f op]^»m pitan ealle. 

)>»t an liob if. 

ealpa jef ceajra. 

ppea moncr^nncf « ^ 

p»bep anb fcippenb. 

f e ]iep& puman leohCw 

fele^ op heoponum. 

monan ^ p^om^ m»pum 

f e ^ef ceop men on eop)>a&, 
anb 2;ef amnabe. 
faple CO bee. 
set ppuman npefc: 

How shall he seem great or 


If himself he cannot save. 

Word and deed against all 


Bat to sin is still a slave P 



All men and all women on 
Had first their beginning 
the same, 
Into this world of their birth 
All of one coupk they came : 

Alike are the gr&at and the 
Ko wonder that this should 
be thus ; 
For God is the Father of all, 
The Lord and the Maker of 

He giveth light to the sun. 
To the moon and the stars 
as thej stand ; 
The soul and the flesh He 
made one, 
When first He made man 
in the land. 

Well-born alike are all folk 
Whom He hath made undier 
the sky ; 

4 Boet. lib. iii. metrum 6. — Omno hopiinam genus in terris, &c. 

Digitized by 




pole unbep polcnum. 

emn aefele jefceop. 


Ppy 56 fonne aejrjie. 
^ opep ot5pe men. 


buton anbpeopce. 

nu je iina&)7elne. 

/•^ Pf J je eop poji »felum.: 

up ahebben nu. 

On faem mobe bit$. 

monna jelipilciim; 

fa pihc a&felo. 

fe ic fe pecce ymb. 

naJej* on fa&m pls&rce. 


Ac nu aejhpilc mon. 

fe mib ealle bit5. 
2(J hij* unfeapttm. 


te Fopl»r aepejr. 

h^T FPnm-rceafC. 

^b hij' a^ene. 

»felo fpa j-elpe. 

anb eac pone psbefu 

>€ hme aet ppuman ^ef ceop. 

FopfaBKi hine ana&felaS. 

»lmihti5 Cob. 
^Oat he un»}>ele. 


Piyp^ on peopulbe. 

^0 pulbpe ne cpn'6, 

^a f ye ypia. 
^Pibta sebe«. 
Riafa piUa. 

Wbythen on others a yoke 
Now will ye be lifting on 

And why be so causelessly 
As thus ye find none are ilL- 
Or why, for your rank, from 
the crowd 
Baise yourselves up in such 

In the mind of a man, not his 
In the earth-dweiler*s heart, 
not his rank, 
Is the nobleness whereof I 
The true, and the free, and 
the frank. 

But he tbat to sin is in thrall. 

Ill-doing wherever he can, 
Hath left the first life*spring 
of all, 
His G-od, and hi&rank as- a; 

And so the Almiglity dowu- 

hurl'd [sin, 

. The noble disgraced by his 

Thenceforth to be mean in the 

world, [win. 

And never more glory to 



Alas ! that the evil unrighteoua 
hot will 

' Boet. lib. iii. metmm* 7.— Habet omnis hoc roluptas, &c. 

Digitized by CjOOQ IC 



fBdt he mib ealle ^ebjiaflS, 

anpa ^ehpylcef . 

monna cynnef . 

mob pilneah ])on. 

hp»t po pilbe beo. 

feah pf pe. 

anun^a p ceal. 

call foppeop]>an. 

jip liio yppmja. 

ajmhc ftmjetJ. 

rpa fceal fapla jehpilc. 

fi^]>an lopan. 

^if )*e lichoma. 

foplejan peopfetJ. 


bute him »p cume. 

hpeop CO heoptan. 

Sep he hionan penbe. 


€ala f If heps ^^S- 

hyjetS ymbe j-e J^e pileJ 

anb jrpecenhc. 

pipa ^ehpilcvun. 

)>8&t pa eapman men. 

mib ealle jebpaaletS. 

op ]>8em pihtan pe^e. 

pecene alaebeb. 

Ppa&fep je piUen. 

on puba pecan. 

jolb J>8et peabe. 

on spenum tpiopum. 

Ic pac rpa feah. 

yxt hit pitena nan. 

J>ibep ne pece^. 

pop^aem hit ]7»ji ne pex:$* 

ne on pmjeajibum. 

pLcije jimmsq*. 

Ppy je nu ne petxan. 

Of lawlessly wanton desire 
should still 
Be a plague in the mind of 
each one ! 

The wild bee shall die in her 

stinging, though shrewd, 
So the soul will be lost if the 

body be lewd, 
Unless, ere it wend hence, the 
heart be imbued 

With grief for the deed it 
hath done. 



Oh ! it is a fault of weight, 
Let him think it out who 
And a danger passing great 
Which can thus allure to ill 
Careworn men from the 

right way. 
Swiftly ever led astray. 

Will ye seek within the wood 
Bed gold on the green trees 

None, I wot, is wise that could, 

For it grows not there at all : 

Neither in wine-gardens 

Seek they gems of glitter- 
ing sheen. 

• Boet lib. iiL metram 8.~£heii, quam miseros tramite devio, &c. 

Digitized by 




on pime bune. 

pfc nee eoppu. 

fonne eop pon IjjtetS. 

j eax o^tSe cypenan. 

iBr2;eLcort pinC5. 

]>»€ te ealle piten. 



yd&t hi ]?8&p ne pnt. 

Pp»fep ge nu pillen. 

p»]>an mib hunbum. 

on realcne ra&. 

fonne eop f ecan lyft. 

ieojiotaf 3 hinba. 

fu jehycjan meaht. 

f»t 2;e pilla« J^a. 

on puba fecan. 

OfCop mide. 

l>onne ilt on r». 

If "p punbojiLc. 

faet pe pitan ealle. 

j)et mon fecan f ceal. 

be f»-papo^. 

^b be ea-opjium. 

»l>ele ^mmaf . 

Vte anb peabe. 

anb hipa ^ehpa&f . 

Ppaet hi eac piton. 

Hp»p hi ea-prcar* 

recan )>upjan. 

anb rpylcjia pela. 


ti f pel bo«. 

Xeopnpulle men. 

Xeapa gehpilc. 

^fiy eapmlicoft. 

ealpa finja. 

J>»fc fa byj-ejan pnt. 

on jebpolan popbene. ♦ 

epie rpa bhnbe. 

J>aet hi on bpeoftum ne majon. 

Would je on some hill-top set, 

When ye list to catch ivlcfiUt 

Or a carp, your fishing net P 

Men, methinks, have long 

found out 

That it would be foolish 

Por they know they are 
not there. 

In the salt sea can ye find, 
When ye list to start and 
With your hounds, the hart or 
It will sooner be your wont 
In the woods to look, I 
wot, [are not. 

Than in seas where they 

Is it wonderful to know 
That for crystals red or 
One must to the sea-beach go^ 
Or for other colours bright, 
Seeking by the river side 
Or the shore at ebb of 

Likewise, men are well aware 
Where to look for nv^figJi^ 
And all other worldly ware 
Where to seek them when 
they wish ; 
Wisely careful men will 

Year by year to find them 

But of all things 'tis most sad 
That the foolish are so blind, 

So besotted and so mad 
That they cannot surely find 

Digitized by 




e«66 ^enapan. 

foffk ser»ll». 

pabon j^yb&a. 

pp])»m hi »F]ie ne 1^. 

"P5ep rPtPiaa. 

fecan )>a ^ej-a&lj^a. 

f^«nat$ fwnfipe. 

]>»t hi on ];if knom mvj^n. 


roj^a ser»l}>a, 

]»»t If f elfa Lob. 

Ic nat hu ic maege. 

nsBnije )>in2;a. 

eaUer rp^ rF^tSe. 

OD fepan minvm. 

hiopa byp2 taelan. 

fpa hit me bon lyft^. 

ne \c ]>e fpa fpeotole. 

jefecjan ne rnvj. 

)»p)>8sm hi^^ pnt eiqimpaa. 

anb eac byfej^an. 


Jjonne tc ^ fecjgaii 'ini& Jb. 

Pi jnlniaiS. 

pelan anb fl&ht&. 

anb peoptJf cipef. 

to ^c^innanne. 

jKxme hi habba!5 Jase. 

hiopa h^e f ece£L 

peiUlS ]MMUM. 

f pa ^epitleaf e. 
{Net hi y& fofuu, 
Sef»l]« h»bben. 

"Where the erogood is 

And trae pieasures hidden 


Therefore, never k tiieir strife 

After those true joys to 


In this lean and little life 

They half witted deeply err. 

Seeking heie their bliss 

to gain, 
That is, Gbd Himself, m 

Ah! I know not in my thought 

How enough to blame their 


Nor so clearly as I ought 

Can I show their fault within, 

For, more bad and Tain 

are they, 
And more safl than I can 

All their hope is to aoqoifs 
Worship, goods, and woildlf 
When they loam their mind's 
Then such witless joy thsf 

That m follyliiey believe 
Those true joys they then 


> Cott hie. 

Digitized by 




€ala mm Dpikten. 
pa&t ]7u eapt a&lmihtag. 
micel mobilic. 
maepf um jeppsBje. 
anb punboplic. 
pitena jehpylcum. 
PpsBt J>u ece Dob. 
ealpa jef ceafta. 
pel jefceope. 
anb eac fpa r*"''^* 
rofce pealbert. 
fcippa ^ef ceajtja. 
nub jerceabpifum. 
maejne ;] cp»)t;e. 
J)u fypne mibban jeapb. 
fpom ppuman a&pefC. 
poptJ ©"S enbe. 
tibum tobs&lbef . 
rpa hit jecaeroft paBp. 
faec hi 8&^hp8&]^eji. 
Se ap]»pa'8« 
Se eptcumatS. 
Du )« impcilla. 
^S^& jeipceafta. 
to ]>inum pillaiu 
piphce apt^epc. 
anb pe pdp punaejlc. 
rpiSe ptiUe. 
a poptS pimle. 
nip nan mihtijpa. 
ne nan ma&ppa. 

' Boet. lib. iu. metmm 9.— qui perpettdt mnndnmratione gabemas, &o. 
> Cott. nnsepepelilica. * Cott. unanpenbenblica 




thou, my Lord Almighty, 

great and wiae, 
Well- seen for mighty works, 

and marvellous 
To every mind that knows thee^ 

Ever Good ! 
Wondrously well all creatures 

Thou hast made, 
TTnseen of us or seen; with 

softest band 
Of skilful strength thy blighter 

beings leading. 
Thou from its birth forth 

onward to its end 
This middle-earth by times 

hast measured out 
As was most fit; that ocderly 

they go 
And eft soon come again. Xhott 

wisely stintest 
To thine own will thy changing 

unstill creatures, 
TTnchangeable and Btill thyself 

for ever ! 
No one is mightier, gneater 

than Thou art, 
No one was made thine equal: 

need was none. 

Digitized by 




ne %eonb ealle fA ^^f ceapt. 
epilica ]>in. 

ne pe aeni^ neb-]vei^p ii»f. 
fl&fpe peic ealpa. 
^jia peopca. 
ye fa. ^epopht hapaft. 
ac mib ])mum piUan. 
]>u hit pophcef eall. 
anb mib anpalbe. 
^ pmum ajenum. 
peopulbe %epofihteit. 
anb pahta jehpiet. 
]«ah )ie n»ne^. 
neb-)M&app p»jie ealljia. 
papa ma&ppa. 
If f micd ^ecr^b. 
prnef joobef . 
]>enct$ ymb f e pe pile, 
pppon hit If eall an. 
»lcef pincjep. 

C[-}fpm goob. 
t If pin ajen. 
pppiem hit nif^ utan. 
ne com auht to pe. 
Ac ic jeopne pat. 
p»t pm joobnef if. 
s&hnihti^ joob. 
eall mib pe f elpum. 
pit If un^ehc. 
upum jecynbe. 
Uf If utan c]jrmen. 
eall pa pe habbat$. 
^oqbh on ^unburn, 
fjiom Eobe f elfum. 
Na&ft pu to »ne^um. 
anban jenumenne. 
f oppam pe nan pm^ nif • 
pm ^ehca. 
ne hupu ssm;. 

Of all these works which Thou 

hast wrought, to Thee ; 
Bat, at the willing of tby 

power, the world 
And everything within it didst 

thou make, 
Without all need to Thee of 

such great works. 
Oreat is Thy goodness, — think 

it out who will ; 
For it is all of one, in every- 
Thou and Thy good; Thine 

own ; not from without ; 
Neither did any goodness come 

to Thee: 
But, well I know. Thy good- 
ness is most good 
All with Thyself : unlike to us 

in kind ; 
To us, from outwardly, from 

God Himself, 
Came all we have of good in 

this low earth. 
Thou canst not envy any; 

since to Thee 
Nothing is like, nor any higher 

skilled ; 
For Thou, All Gk)od, of Thine 

own thought didst think, 
And then that thought didst 

work. Before Thee none 
Was bom, to make or unmake 


' Cott. hif. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


fop])»m pvL eal joob. 
aner ^e]^eaihte, 
finef 3e]>ohteft 
anb hi ])a pophteft. 
naej- »pop J>e.^ 
»neX^ jerceapc. 
])e auht ot$^e nauht. 
aufep pophte. 
Ac Jiu btttan b^j-ne. 
bpejo moncjimef. 
»1 a&lmilitij ISob. 
call jepophcejr. 
finj feaple %oob. 
eapt fe j-elpa. 
fa&c hehjre joob. 
Ppaet Jm hali j psebep. 
acftep ]?mum piUan. 
populb ^ef ceope. 
^rne mibban ^eapb, 
meahtum )>inuni. 
f eopaba Dpibcen. 
rpa f u polbeft f elp. 
anb mib )>mu]n pillan. 
pealbep; eallef . 
Fop]>em )>u f o]>a Cob. 
relja b»lerp. 
Sooba ae^hpilc. 
pop]>em ]?u 2;eapa »p« 
ealle* jerceapca. 
aapep: ^ef ceope. 
rpi^e ^elice. 
rumef hp»]7pe ]»ea]i« 

nembept eall n» l>«ah« 
nub ane noman. 
ealle toj»bepe. 
Fopulb unbep polcnunu 
Dpaat pu pulbpef liob, 
]H>ne anne naman. 
epc cobaelbep 

1 Cott n»r 

Bat Thou without a model 

madest all, 
Lord Ood of men, Almighty, 

very good. 
Being Thyself of all the highest 

good ! 
Thou, Holy Father, Thou, the 

Lord of Hosts, 
After Thy will, and by Thy 

power alone. 
The world, this midway gar- 
den, didst create ; 
And by Thy will, as now Thy 

wisdom would, 
Wieldest it aU ! For Thou, 

Ood of truth. 
Long time of old didst deal out 

all good things, 
Making thy creatures mainly 

well alike, 
Tet not alike in all ways ; and 

didst name 
With one name all together all 
. things here, 
" The World underthedouds." 

Tet, God of glory. 
That one name, Father, Thou 

didst turn to four : 
The first this Earth-field ; and 

the second water; 
Shares of the world: third fire, ' 

and fourth, air : 
This is again the whole world 

all together. 

apopjw. * Cott eallAi 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



pBbeji on pec^F^. 
p»f ^apa f olbe an. 
anb paet^ of«p. 
populbe b»lef . 
anb pyp if fpibbe. 
anb f eopeptSe Ijrft. 
]>8Bt If eaU peopulb. 
ept to^iebepe. 
pabbidS ]ieah ]>a peopqi. 
fpum-ftol hiojia. 
me^ydc faiopa. 
a^^enne ftebe. 
]«ah anpa bjnle. 
pif$ o]7ep fie. 
miclnm ^emenjeb. 
anb mib mae^n^ eae. 
jnsb^ SBlimbtijcf . 
p»fce jebunben. 
fopte to2»bepe. 
mib bebobe )nne. 
bilepit p»bep. 
]y»t te beopa semj;. 
oppef ne bopfte. 
meapc ofep^angan. 
pop metobef ^e. 
ac jeSpeopob fine. 
]>e^af to^^epe. 
c^in^ef cempan. 
cele pits hsetD. 
p»t pitJ bpyjum. 
pmnatS hpa&]^e. 
pGBtep ;j eoptfe. 
paeftmaf bpenja^. 
J>a f mt on jecynbe. 
cesJba l)a tpa. 
pa&tep paec ^ cealb. 
pan^af ymbe-licjatS. 
eoptle ael jpeno. 
eac hyddpfie cealb 1^, 
If ^emenjeb. 

Tet have tbese Ibnr each one 

bis stead and stool, 
Eacb batb its place; thoogb 

mucb witb otner mixt ; 
Fast ty Tby might, Almighty 

Father, bound. 
Biding at peace, and sofMy 

weU together, 
By Thy behest, kind Fatiier! 

so that none 
Durst overstep its mark, for 

fear of Thee, 
But willing thanes and war- 
riors of their king 
Live well together, howsoever 

The wet witb dry, t^e chilly 

with the hot. 
Water and Eartii, both cold in 

kind, breed fruits : 
Water lies wet and cold around 

the field. 
With the green earth is min- 
gled the cold air. 
Dwelling in middle place: it 

is no wonder 
That it be warm and cold, blent 

by the winds. 
This wide wet tier of clouds; 

for, in my judgment. 
Air hath a midway place, 'twiit 

earth and fire, 
All know that fire is uppermost 

of all 

Digitized by 




fojOj^dsm hu> on mibbuia pvuuJtt 
nif f nan jmnbop^ 
}mt hio jie peapm -^ Gealb. 
psBt polcnef ti€p. 
pinbe ^eblonben. 
pp])8em hio If on niible. 
nune jeppm^e. 
Fypef ;3 eop)>an. 
F^ monna yat. 
J>a&t te yjremejt; ij*. 
eallpa gercea^a. 
]r^ opep eopjMUU 
folbe n6o]?emeji4. 
If ]>»t punboplic. 
I^epoba Dpihren. 
^»t pu mib ^ejwahce. 
I ^mum pypce];t. 

yyn jepceablice. 

meapce jef ecteft. 

anb hi ne menjbeft eac. 

Pp»t pu ]>»m p»ttepe. 

p»tym ^ cealbum, 

f olban to jJope. 

pa&fte 2;ef ecceft. 

popfaem hic unftiOe. 

aaghpibep polbe. 

pibe tofcpi}>an. 

pac anb hnefce. 

ne meahte hit on him rdpun. 

rotf ic S^^P® P^* 

»ppe ^eftanban. 

ac hit po eoptSe. 

hilt ^ rpelje^ eac. 

be pimum b»le. 

]>»t hio p'Span mnj. 

pop psem pype peop)»an« 

2^eht lyptum. 

pop]>»m leap -3 S^PF- 

bpeb jeonb Bpetene. 

blopetS "3 ^jiopeiS, 

Over this earth, and ground, is 

Tet is this wonderful, O Lord 

of Hosts, 
'\iF^hich by thy thought thou 

workest, that $li»tinetly 
Thou to Thy creatures settest 

mark and bound 
And dost not mingle them : 

the wet cold water 
Dhou fixest it the fiast earth for 

a floor ; 
For that itaalf, nnstiU, and 

weak, and sofb 
Alone would widely wander 

Nor, well I wot it sooth, could 

ever stand. 
But the earth holds and swills 

it in some sort^ 
That through such sipping it 

may afterward 
Moisten the 'aery -lift: then 

leaves and grasa 
Tond o'er the breadth of Bri- 
tain blow and grow. 
Its praise of old. The cold 

earth bringeth frmts 
More marvellously forth^ when 

it is thawed 
And wetted by the water : 

if not so. 
Then were it dried to dust, and 

driven away 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



elbum to ape. 

€op9e po cealbe. 

bpen^ paeftma pela. 


pop]>»m hio mib )>»m paatepe. 

peop)«t$ ^ejmpeneb. 

PF f n»pe. 

]K>ime hio p»pe. 

ppbpu^ob CO bujre. 

anb tobpi}»n p$)>an. 

pibe mib jnnbe. 

fpa nu peop]>at$ opt. 

axe jionb eop]»aii. 

eall toblapen. 

Ne meahce on )>»pe eop]»aii. 

afoht libban. 

ne pubte ]x>n ma. 

pastpej* bpucan. 


aeni^e cji»pce. 

pp cele anum. 

jip |ni cynmj en^a. 

pit$ p)7)e hp8&t-b]mpi. 

folban ^ lapi-fpeam. 

ne men^bejt; toja&bepe. 

anb ^emet^obeft. 

cele "3 b»to. 

cji»p:e )>ine. 

}>8ec -p jryp ne maej. 

folban ^ mepe-ftpeam. 

blate Fopbs&pnan. 

peah hit pitS ba tpa pe. 

paBfte ^epe^eb. 

F»bep ecdb jepeopc. 

ne "pmdS me "^ punbup. 

pohte J>e laBffe. 

])8et piof eoptSe mie^;* 

anb egop-jTpeam. 

fpa cealb ^ef ceap. 

cpa&fta nane. 

eallef abpsefcan. 

Wide by the winds ; as often 

ashes now 
Over the earth are blown: nor 

might on earth 
Aught live, nor any wight by 

any craft 
Brook the cold water, neither 

dwell therein, 
If Thou, O King of Angels, 

Mingledst not soil and stream 

with fire together ; 
And didst not craft-wise mete 

out cold and heat 
So that the fire may never 

fiercely burn 
Earth and the sea -stream, 

though fast linked with both, 
The Father*swork of old. 

Nor is, methinks. 
This wonder aught the less, 

that earth and sea 
Cold creatures both, canJby no 

skill put out 
The fire that in them sticks, 

fix'd by the Lord. 
Such is the proper use of the 

salt seas 
Of earth and water and the 

welkin eke, 
And even of the upper skies 

There, is of right the primal 

place of fire ; 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



p»t) f him on innan fCicalS. 
jTper Sepejeb. 
mib fipean cp»fte. 
]78&t; If a^en cpsept. 
p»t:per ;] eopj^an. 
anb on polcnum eac. 
anb epie fpa fame, 
uppe opep pobepe. 
Donne if Jia&f fypef • 
jqium-ftol on pihc. 
eapb opep eallum. 
ot$pum 2;ef ceajrum. 
geonb J'lfne pban ^punb. 
])eah hit )nt$ ealle^ fie. 
efc jemen^^eb. 
petii palban ne mot. 
|>»c hit a&nije. 
eallun^a p opbo. 
but;on )^»f leape. 
]>e uf )>if hp tiobe. 
)»8ec if fe eca. 
anb f e a&knihtija* 
Gop^e if hep2;pe. 
olSpnm 2;efceaptam. 
^icpe 2e]7puen. 
poppsem hio ppa^e ftob, 
ealpa ^ep ceapta. 
unbep ni]>em»ft. 
bucon ]>»m pobqie. 
pe )>af puman jef ceapt. 
a&jhpylce baeje. 
ucan ymhpyppetJ, 
anb )>eah ^»pe eo}\|)an. 
aeppe ne otSjimetS. 
ne hipe on nanpe ne mot. 
neap ]>onne on ot$pe. 
fcope J6ft»ppan4 

Its birthright over all things 

else we see 
Throughout the varied deep, 

though mixt with all 
Things of this world, 

it cannot over one 
Bise to such height as to de- 
stroy it quite ; 
But by His leave who shaped 

out life to us 
The Ever-living, and Almighty 

Earth is more heavy and more 

thickly pack'd 
Than other things ; for that it 

long hath stood 
Of all the nethermost : saving 

the sky 
Which daily wafteth round 

this roomy world, 
Tet never whirleth it away, 

nor can 
Get nearer anywhere than 

Striking it round-about, above, 

With even nearness whereso- 

e*er it be. 
Each creature that we speak of 

hath his place 
Own and asunder, yet is mixt 

with all. 
No one of them may be with- 
out the rest, 

1 Cott ealla. 

Digitized by VjOOQ iC 



ftjucdS ymbutUL 
upane ^ neojmne. 
efsen neah p^hfulpefu 

be pe ^b fp|McaJ5. 

juq£ hif a^ttiiiie. 

eapb OH pmbpan. 

bitl )>eah jn^ ]nm oftpnuL 

Mc jeuicBjeb. 

Ne mse^ hipa abiuj;. 

bocan (^jmm bion. 

]>6ah hi unfpeotole. 

fomob eajibieii. 

fpa nu eopt$e ^ pncejk 

0a|ip>tS ca&cii& 

unpffia ^ehpwm. 

puniaiK onp^jie. 

)>eah hi pnc an. 

fpcoiaole ^m f ifasB. 

pvft: OB )>»m pwcpe. 
anb on ftanum eac. 
ftiBe ^^dMbeb. 
eapf o^ hape if. 
h]NB)ipe )w&ji hafaS. 
fsebep en^a. 

epne to J>on f »fte. 
)iwt hit polan ne in»2* 
ept »t hi]* et$le. 
J»P f o>efi jrjrp. 
up ofep eall }>if . 
eapb pBft panaSb 
fona hit popl»te5. 
]»f l»nan ^ef ceapt. 
mib cele opepcumen. 
pc hit on cr^tJe ^epit. 
anb ])eah puhta ^ehpilc. 
pihiatS }>ibep-peapb. 
]>»p hif ms&^e bit$. 
ma^ft a&tjs&bpe. 

Thongb dwellmg aU togetfan 

mixedlj : 
As now the eortit and water 

dwell in fire, 
A thing to the mdeuned baid 

to teach. 
But to the wiaa right dear: 

and in same sort 
Fire is fast fixt in waler, wai 

in stones 
Still hidden away and fizt^ 

though hard to find* 
Yet thitherward the Father of 

angels hath 
So fastly bound up fire,, tliatit 

Never again get back to its 

own home 
Where over all this earth sure 

dwells the fire* 
Soon would it ksre this lean 

world, oYercome 
Of cold, if to its kith on high 

it went ; 
Yet everything is yeamiag 

Where its own kindred Ude 

the most together. 
Thou hast established, througl 

Thy strong might, 
O glorious King- of Hosts, 

right wondrously 
The earth so &st, that it on 

either half 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



Du ^efta])olabeft. 

]niph ^a jftpon^an mealit. 

J7epoba pulb<^ cynm;. 


eopl^an f pa pdfte, 

p»t hio on senile. 

healpe nte helbelS. 

ne mse^ hio hibep ne Jnbep^. 

pjan ^ rFjwn*- 

|>e hio fymle bybe. 

Ppcec hi "pedh. eop^cef, 

auht ne halbet^. 

]f ]wah epi e^. 

up anb Of bune. 

to ]:ea]lanne. 

f olban f in*e. 

ymn anhcofC. 

]>e on 8^e bifS. 

poleca on mibban. 

^bei$ h)pe&^. 

a&2 ymbutan. 

j*pa ftent eaJl peopnlb* 

jnlle on tille. 

jt^ieamaf ymbafe»ii. 

la^-pioba ^elac. 

lypce ^ tnm^. 

aab fio fcipe f celL 

pqiif et$ ymbutan. 

bogopa ^ehpike. 

bybe lanje fpa* 

ppset ]7u )>ioba Heb. 

]7pieFalbe on uf . 

jBfle gef ettejr. 

anb hi fit$|7an eac. 

jtrjTiejt; anb tihtejt. 

]7uph fa ftponjan meaht 

}>aBt hipe f y laepfe. 

on ]>8&ni lytlan ne bit$. 

anum pnjpe. 

ye hipe on eallum bi9. 

)>»m hchoman. 

Heeleth not oTer, nor can 

stronger lean 
Hither or thither, than it erer 

Since nothing esrthlj holds it, 

to this globe 
'Twere easy up or down to fall 

Likest to this, tbst in an egg 

the yolk 
Bides in the middle, tiiough 

the egg glides round. 
So all the worid still standeth 

on its stead. 
Among the streams, the meet- 
ing^ of the floods: 
The lift and stars and the dear 

shell of hefliren 
Sail daily round it, aff they 

long have done. 
Moreover, God of people. Thou 

hast set 
A threefold soul in vs^ and 

Stirrest and quick'nestr it with 

Thy strong might 
So that there btdcrlh not the 

less thereof 
In a little finger than m all the 

Therefore a littie before I 

clearly said 
That the soul is a threefold 


Digitized by VjOOQ iC 



fop)>»m ic l^le »ji. 
fpeotole f»be. 
f»t po fapl p»pe, 
]>piepedb jej*ceap. 

f:op)»»m tttSjntaiu 
ealle YeggBu6. 
p9dt te an ^ecfnb. 
a&lcpe faule. 
jTipinj p»pe.* 
o])ep pilnunj. 
If po ]?pibbe jecjub. 
^»m tp»m betepe* 
po jefceabpipief • 
Nif j) fcanbhc cps&pc. 
pop|y»m lut n»m2; hapaS. 
neac buton monnum. 
li»)^ |)a dpph tpa, 
unpim puhta. 
h»)^ feL pjlnun^a. 
pel hjnlc neten. 
anb pa yppinja. 
eac fpa f dp e. 
pop]r^ men habbss^. 
^eonb mibban ^eapb. 

ealle' opep]>un2en. 
pop]7»m ))e hi habba^. 
]78&f ^ hi nabba:5. 
]K>ne lenne cpiept. 
]>e pe 8&P nembon. 
810 jerceabpipier. 
peed on ^ehpelcum. 
}>»pe pilnun^^e, 
palban p emle« 
anb ipfunje. 
eac ppa pelp e. 
hio f ceal mib jepeahte. 
f ejnep mobe. 
mib anb'jite. 

» Cott yppin^epe. 

In every man : 

l)ecaa8e the wise all say 
That ire is one whole part in 

every soul ; 
Another, lust ; another and the 

Far better than these twain, 

wise-mindedness : 
This is no 8ong*crafb ; for only 

Hath this, and not the cattle: 

the other two 
Things out of number have as 

well as we ; 
For ire and lust each beast 

hath of itself. 
Therefore have men, through- 
out this middle-sphere 
Surpassed Earth's creatures 

all ; for that they have 
What these have not, the one 

good craft we named. 
Wise - mindedness ip each 

should govern lust 
And ire, and its own self; in 

every man 
With thought and understand- 
ing ruling him. 
This is the mightiest mainstay 

of man's som. 
The one best mark to sunder 

it from beasts. 
Thou mighty King of peoples, 

glorious Lord, 

s Cott. ealla. 

Digitized by 




eallef palban. 
luo If f m»fte mnjen. 
monnef faule. 
anb re f ele[l:a. 
pinbop cpa&pca. 
Ppa&c fa ]>a faule. 
p^opa palbenb. 
peobA ]>pym-c$iiins. 
yuf jerceope. 
]>aec hio hpeappobe. 
on hipe j-elfrpe. 
hipe utan ymb. 
)^fpa eal be8. 
pine rpipe pobop. 
pecene ymbfqii^^. 
bojopa ^ehpilce. 
Dpihtnef meahtum. 
'piyne mibban ^eAjtb. 
8pa be^ monnef faul. 
hpeole jelicoft. 
hps&ppeS ymbe h^ felpe 
ope fmea^enbe. 
^b ]>af eoptShcan. 
Dpihtnef jef cea|t:a. 
bajum ^ nihtum. 
hpilum hi f elf e. 
f ecenbe fmeatS. 
hpilum eft fmeat$. 
jmb ]>one ecan Iiob. 
f ceppenf hipe. 
fCfiipenbe f»pt$. 
hpeole ^elicoft. 
hp»pf8 ymb hi felfe. 

Didst fashion thus the soul, 

that it should turn 
Itself around itself, as in swift 

Doth all the firmament, which 

quickly twirls 
Every day around this middle- 
By the Lord's might : 

so doth the soul of man 
Likest a wheel whirl round 

about itself, 
Oft-times keen searching out 

by day and night 
Ahout these earthly creatures 

of the Lord : 
Somewhile herself she probes 

with prying eye : 
Somewhile again she asks about 

her Ood, 
The Ever One, her Maker; 

going round 
Likest a wheel, whirling 

around herself. 
When she about her Maker 

heedful asks. 
She is upheayed aboye her 

lower self: 
She altogether in herself abides 
When, seeking round, she pries 

about herself: 
But furthest falls beneath her- 
self, when she 

]K)nne hio ymb hipe f cjppenb. With love and wonder search- 

mib ^efceab fmeals. eth out this earth 

bio bit$ upah»fen. 

Of ep hi felfe. 

ac hio bi9 ealhm^a. 

an hipe felfpe. 

ponne hio ^b hi felfe. 

fecenbe pneatS. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



hio biS fpitSe po[u. 
hipe felppe heneoyaxL 
]K>]ine hao psdf l»iianu 
lufa^ -3 punbpat^. 
eojit^bcu yim^. 
opep ecne paeb. 
Ppget p\x ece Lob. 
eapb fop^eape. 
faulum on keopmuD. 
peleft peopSlica. 
jmp»rta pj». 
Ifob selmihci^;. 
be ^e eapnui^a. 
anpa jehpelcpe. 
eaUe hi f cumil. 
]>upli ]>a f cipan neaht. 
habpe on hec^enum. 
na hp»]7pe peah. 
ealle epenbeophte. 
Ppaet pe oj* jepo8. 
habpum nibcum. 
fa&t te beopon-jnceoppan. 
ealle ej:enbeop]]£e. 
seppe ne f cmatS. 
pp»t ]>u eoe Cob. 
eac jemenjejt;. 
]7a heof oncunban. 
hi]>ep pit^ eop]?an. 
faula fiiS lice. 
p^]>an puiuaH. 
J?if eop'SLce. 
anb f ece famob. 
faul in pla&f ce. 
Pp»t bi fimle £0 ]ie« 
biona^ punbiatS. 
f op]>»m bi bibep op ]>e, 
a&pop comon. 
pculon ept to fe. 
pceal f e bcbama. 
lapt peapbijan. 

Witb its lean lusts, abore tbe 

lore for ef ear ! 
Tea, more ; Thou, Bv«r Good, 

to souls in heaven 
Givest an herita^, Almigbtj 

And worthiest lasting gifts, as 

each hath earned. 
The^, through the moonlit 

night, shine calm in heaven. 
Yet are not all of even bright- 
ness there, 
J3o oft we see the stacs of 

heaven by night, 
They shine not ever all of even 

Moreover, Ener Good, Tboa 

minglest bene 
Heavenljr thkkgs with earthly, 

soul with flesh : 
Afterwas^ soul and flesh both 

live together, 
Earthly with hewrenly : 

ever heaoe they strivB 
Upward to Thee, because they 

came from Thee, 
And yet again they all shall go 

to Thee! 
This living body yet once mere 

on earth 
Shall keep its waid, for«i^t it 

Wax'd in *fee worlds thay 
t {tim ibedj«nd soul) 

1 Cott. hi on. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

IHB liSTB£8 on BQBTEir£L 


ej^s on 6op)>an. 
ropfaem he a&p of hjpe. 
peox on peopiilbe. 
punebon s&t fomne. 
epen fpa lan^e. 
j^a him lyj»b p«f . 
pjiom j^a&m »hnihtQaa. . 
fe hi 8&pop ^o. 
l)»t; If rot5 cynin^ 

anb hi jepylbe fa. 
j'pi'Se mifhcum, 
mine j^ejrpseje. 
n«aca cynnuia. 
nepgenb ufep. 
he hi p5])aii cf lop. 
)*seba mone^um. 
puba ^ pypta. 
peopulbe fceatum. 
popjip nu ece Ijob. 
upum mobum. 
]>e&c hi motsen to ]»e. 
mecob alpuhta. 
)>aph^ }9Lf eappO]ni. 
up ajTijan. 

anb op }»ifum b^e;pun. 
bilepit paebep. 
I^eoba fslb&abu 
to ]>e cumoQ. 
anb yonas mib cqpeuim. 
eaj^m moteu. 
mobep upep. 

]niph ]>inpa ms&^na ppeb. 
a&pehn jepon. 
eallpa jooba. 
]>8&t ]7U eapt pelpa. 
p je Dpihten Eob. 
^e ]^ ea^an hal. 
upep mobep. 

So long tog^ather as fao them 

gave leave 
The Almighty, who had made 

them one before, 
That is in sooth the KingJ 

who made this world. 
And fiird it mizedlj with Idnds 

of cattle, 
Our Saviour and aear Helper, 

as I trow. 
Thence He with nuiny seeds ^f 

woods and worts 
Stock'd it in all'tiliie eooBMrsof 

the world. 
ForgivB now^ Ever fiood, Bud 

give to us 
That in our minds wb may np- 

soar to thee, 
Maker of all things, through 

these troublous ways ; 
And from amsdat .time bxaj 

things of life, 
tender Fatkov Wielder nf 

the world, 
Gome uniso Thee, and theoi 

through Thy geodispeed 
With the mmd'is eyes mell 

opened wb sxay eee 
The welling spring of 'Good, 

that Good, Thyself, 
Lord, the God of Giory!— 

Then makemdiQlB 
The eyes of oar lOiieEsiaBd- 

ings, so that wa, 

4 Cott. hvs* 

Digitized by 




yeeit pe hi on ]»e felpim. 

pt$]>aii mocen. 


f»bep enjla. 

tobpip )>one ficcsxi mift. 

pe ^paje nu. 

pit$ ^a eajan popan. 

ujjef mobef . 

hanjobe hp^le. 

Onlihc nu ]« eagan. 

ufrer mobef. 

mib ]>inum leohte. 

b]»f palbenb. 

pp]^m ]m eapc fto bipbco. 

bilepic p»bep. 

foipeY leohtef . 

anb fa f elpa «qie. 

po p»fte p»ft. 

pasbep »lmihci3. 

eallpa f o9f»ftpa. 

Pps&t fu f opte jebcpc. 

]>aet hi ]>e f elpie. 

jef ion moten. 

Du eapc eallpa )>in^. 

peoba palbenb. 

jrpmna ;] enbe. 

Ppa&t ]>u p»bep enjLa. 

eall fiw^ bipejr. 


buton jefpmce. 

Du eapt f elpa pej. 

anb lasreop eac. 

hjijenbpa sehp»f . 

anb po phtije ftop. 

J>e j-e p^ to hjR. 

fe ealle to. 


men op molban. 

on ]7a mepan ^efcesfc, 

1 Cott »p»rtiuaiu 

Father of angels, fasten them 

on Thee! 
Drive away this thick mist, 

which long while now 
Hath hung before our mind's 

eyes, heavy and dark. 
Enlighten now thes^ mind's 

eyes with Thy light, 
Master of life; for Thou, 

tender Father, 
Art very brightness of true 

light Thyself; 
Thyself, Almighty Father, the 

sure rest 
Of all thy fast and true ones ; 

Thou orderest it that they may 

see Thyself! 
Thou art of all things origin 

and end, 
O Lord of all men ; Father of 

angels. Thou 
Easily bearest all things with- 
out toil. 
Thou art Thyself the way, and 

leader too. 
Of every one that lives, and 

the pure place 
That the way leads to: allmen^ 

from this soil 
Throughout the breadth of 

being, yearn to Thee. 

* Cott apinbutr. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 




f^el la monna beapn. 
jeonb mibban ^eapb. 
fpiopa a&^hpilc. 
pinbie to ]>fiem. 
ecum jobe. 
fe ye ymb fppecaS. 
anb to faBm jef aelfum. 
)?e pe fec^at^ ymb. 
8e fe ]>oime nu f le. 
neappe 3elie)t;eb. 
mib firr^r maepan. 
mibban jeapber- 
unnjttpe luf e. 
f ece bim ept hps&tSe. 
pulne ppiobom. 
paec he pop^ cume. 
to ]>»m ^ej*a&l]yum. 
faula paebef . 

popl^a&m -p If fio ana^ pej-c. 
eallpa jej-pmca. 
hyhcbcu hyt$. 
heaum ceolum. 
mobef ufper. 
mepe pnylta pic. 
fa&c If po ana^ hyt$. 
]>e. aeppe bi^. 
sepcep ]>am y]7iLm. 
Vpa gefpinca. 
yfca ^ehpelcpe. 
ealnis r^^ylte. 
j>a&r If po fpi^-ftop. 
anb po Fpopop ana.^ 
eallpa ypmm^a. 
a&pcep fiffum. 
f »t If pynpim ftop. 
sep:ep pif j-um ypm]>um. 



Well, — O ye children of men 
in mid-earth ! 
Every freeman should seek 
tm he fiDd 
That, which I spake of, good 
endless in worth ; 
These, which I sing of, the 
joys of the mind. 

Let him who is narrow'd and 
prison'd away 
By love of this mid-earth 
empty and vain, 
Seek out for himself full free- 
dom to-day, 
That soul -feeding joys he 
may quickly attain. 

Eor, such of all toil is the only 
one goal, 
For sea-weary keels hythe- 
haven from woes, 
The great quiet dwelling that 
harbours the soul, 
Still calm in the storm, and 
from strife a repose. 

That is the peace-place, and 
comfort alone 
Of all that are harmed by 
the troubles of life, 
A place very pleasant and win- 
some to own, 
After this turmoil of sorrow 
and strife. 

Boet. lib. iii. metnim 10.— ;-Huc omnes pariter venite capti, &c 

* Cott an. 


•Digitized by VjOOQ iC 


TH£ li£TU8 01 BOXXHIUft. 

to ajanne. 

Ac ic ^eopiM pae. 

)>et te 2yl^i^ mat$m» 

pylof pen fine. 

ftan-feapo ^inuna nan. 

mibben^eapbef peia. 

mobef ea^an. 

»}:pe ne onl^htatS. 

auhc ne jebetaS. 

hiopa f ceappnefpe. 

CO ]>aope f ceapimja. 

f ot$pa jef »])«. 

ac hi fpi^op ^et. 

monna j^pckef . 

mobef eajan. 

ablenba;5 on bpec^ftum. 

]H)nne hi hi beophtpan ^^ebon. 

):op)^»m e^pilc )»in2« 

]>e on ])if anbj?eapban. 

life Lca^. 

l»nu finbon. 

eoptShcu l^inj. 


ac -p If jmnbophc. 

phte anb beophtnef * 

fe jmhta jehjra&f . 

phte jebephtet^. 

anb s&fcqi Jiem. 

eallum pakbetS. 

Nele f e palbenb. 

J>aBt poppeopJ>an fcylen. 

faula uff e, 

ac he hi f elpa pile. 

leoman onhhtan. 

hpef palbenb. 

!Dif ]>onne h»le^ hpdc 

hlutpunv ea^^um. 

mobef f mef mm^. 

aej^ie offion. 

hioponef leohtef • 

hlucpe beophco. 

But right-well I wot that no 
treasnre of gold 
Nor bordera of gem-stones, 
nor siWefy store, 
Kor all of earth's wealth tbe 
mind's sight ean unfold, 
Or better its sharpness trae 
joys to oqpjore : 

But rather, make blind in the 
breast of eadi man 
The eyes of his mind than 
make ever more l»^ght, 
Por, sorry and fleeting as fiist 
as they can 
Are all who in this flitting 
earth can delight 

Yet wondrous the beauty and 
brightness is seen 
Of that which hath bright- 
en'd and beautified all 
So long as on this middle-earth 
they have been. 
And afterward ha^^ily h<to 
them in thialL 

For the Buler He wiUa not tbe 
soul should be nought, 
Himself will enlighten i^ 
Lord of life givoi! 
If any man then with the eyes 
of his thought 
May see the dear brightneBS 
of light from high heaTen, 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



]H>niie file he fecjan. 
fa&c paejie pinnan jie. 
beophmef ]no]rtpo. 
beopna jehpyjcum. 
to mecanne. 
jn^ "p micle leoht. 
ZfObef almihfcij^ef . 
]>»c If jafta jehpaBm. 
ece bttcan enbe. 
ettbe^^nin j^ulum. 


8e pe Kfcep jiihte. 
mib jepece. 
pille mpeapblice. 
sef&ep rpypian. 
rpa beoplice. 

J>aBC hic tobpijran ne m»j 
monna s&ni^. 
ne ameppan hnjm. 
aeni^ eoptJlic J>incj. 
he »peft feed, 
fecan on him felpum. 
fa&c he fume hpile. 
]pabutan hme. 
»pop fohte. 
f ece ykt frtJjwi. 
on Itif fepan mnan. 
anb fopl»te an. 
fpa he optoft mse^e. 
«lcne^ ymbhojan. 
Yy him imnet fie. 
anb ^efamni^e. 
fpa he fpf oftr ms&ie. 
ealle to )>»m anmn. 
hif mjejJonc. 
gef ec^e hif mob. 
|>«c hit m8BJ5 pnban. 
eall on him mnan. 
"^ Boet. lib. iii. metrum 11. — 

Then will he say that the blaze 
of the Bun 
Is darkness itself to the glory- 
so bright 
Wbich Great God Almightj 
shines eut on each one 
Of souls of the happy for 
ever in light. 



The man that after right with 
"Will inwardly and deeply 
So that no earthly thing may- 
Nor him from such good 
seeking drive, 

First in himself be shall find 
That which beyond he some- 
while sought, 
Within his mmd must search 
And leave behind each trou- 
blous thought ; 

This at the soonest, as he may, 
Such care were harm to him 
and sin. 
Then let him haste and hie 
To this alone, his mind 
•Quisquis profunda mente vestigat veram, &c. 
> Cott. »lcpe. 

Digitized by 




p»t hit optojt; nu. 

ymbutan hit. 

ealne^ fecet$. 

jooba »^p^lc. 

he on^it fit$)>an. 

ypel "} unnet. 

eal f he hsepbe. 

on hif incopan. 

»pop lan^e. 

epie fpa j'peotole. 

fpa he on )»a pinnan mae^. 

eapim anbpeapbum. 


anb hi eac onjit. 

hif m^ej^onc. 

leohcpe -} bephtpe. 

)K)nne fe leoma pe. 

funnan on punepa. 

fonne rpejler Jim. 

habop heofon-cunjoL 

hlucpojr reined. 

)>op]>a&m fKf hchoman. 

leahcpaf 3 hepi^nef . 

anb ]>a unjyeapaf . 

eallunja ne ma^on. 

op mobe acion. 

n)onna senepim. 


Deah nu pmca hp»m. 

]>»f hchoman. 

leahcpar "] hepjnef. 

anb un];eapaf • 

ope bypijen. 

monna mob^fepan. 

maepc anb fpi]>oft. 

mib ]>»pe ^plan. 


mib ^ebpol-mipte. 

bpeopi^ne pepan. 

popci^ mob popan. 

* Cott. 

Saj to his mind, that it mar 
What oftest now it seeks 
All in, and to itself assign'd 
Every good that can be 

He then will see that all he had 
In his mind's chamber 
thought and done. 
Was evil ioDg afore and bad, 
Clearly as he can see the 

But his own mind he shall see 
Lighter and brighter than 
the ray 
Of heaven's star, the gem of 
The sun in clearest summer 

Por that the body's lusts aad 
And all its heaviness in kind, 
Utterly may not any times 
Wipe out right wisdom from 
man's mind : 

Though now in every man such 
Those lusts and crimes and 
fleshly weight. 
Worry the mind both loud and 
And make it half forget its 


Digitized by 




monna ^ehpelcef . 

]>a&r luc )*pa beophte ne mot. 

blican anb^ fcman. 

j-pa hic polbe jip. 

hit: ^epealb ahce. 

]>eali bits pim copn. 

j-aebef ^ehealben. 

fymle on ]>»pe faule. 


]>enbeu ^abeptan^ )ninat$. 

jape on lice. 

j)»r r»^®r copn. 

bit$ fimle apeahc. 
mib afcunja. 
eac ptS)>an. 
mib joobpe lape. 
jif hit spopan fceal. 
pu ms&j »nij man. 
anbfpape f mban. 
pmja eenijef . 
'pe^en mib jef ceabe. 
I^eah hine pinca hpilc. 
8&p:ep FP^S^^e. 
jij: he apuht najratS. 
on hif mob-fefan. 
myclep nd'lyclef. 
ne jejiabfcipef. 
nif ]>eah senij man. 
]>s&t te ealkf fpa. 
]>»f jepabf cipef . 
J-pa bepeapob pe. 
}>a&t he anbf pape. 
senile ne cunne. 
pnban on pephtSe. 
jip he ppujnen hi6. 
pop]?8&m hic If pihc fpell. 
fxt uf peahte Jio. 
ealb utSpita. 

And though the mist of lies 
may shade 
Man's dreary thouglit that 
it be dull, 
And be no more so bright 
An if 'twere pure and pow- 

Yet always is some seed-com 
Of sturdy truth within the 
soul, • 
While flesh and ghost together 
And make one flxt and ga- 
ther'd whole. 

This seed-com waxes ever- 
By much asking quickened 
As well as by good wholesome 
That it quickly learns to 

How may a man right answer 
To anything ask'd well and 
Unless he keenly store his 
That it have much or little 

Yet is there no man so be- 
Of knowledge, that he can- 
not bring [ceived 
Some answer well to be re- 
If he be ask'd of anything. 

1 Cott. aD. 

Digitized by 




upe Platon. 

he cpaetS f te »j;faplc. 



hine hp»t$e fceolbe. 

ept ^epenban. 

into pnum. 

mobep jemynbe. 

lie maej ptSfan. 

on hif pun-cojian. 


pnban on jrephce. 

jraejTe jehybbe. 

mib jebpaepiejTe. 

bojopa jehpilce. 

mobej* rinef. 

maeft •] rP'Nr^- 

aab mib hepnejje. 

htf Lchoman. 

aab mib ])»m bifpim* 

fe on bpeoftum j-cype5. 

men on mobe. 

maela jehpylce. 


Sie f la on eop])an. 

selcep finjej-. 

^efaelij mon. 

jip he jepon mae^e. 

]>one hlucpefcan. 

heofon-tophcan jcpeam. 

»]wlne aepelm. 

aelcej* joobej*. » 

anb op him felpim. 

fone fpeapcan mijT. 

mobef fiofCpo. 

maej apeoppan. 

^e f cTilon f eah jica. 

mib Erobef pylj^e. 

ealbum ■] leapim. 

X Boet. lib. iii* metrum 

Wherefore it is a spell of right 
Which our own Plato, long 
of old, 
That ancient wise and worthy 
wight, I 

To all of tts most truly told; | 

He said, that each who wisdom 
Porgetf ul, should to memory 
And in the coffer of his thought 
Bight- wisdom hidden would 

Through all the drift of trouUe 
And all this body's heavy 
And husy toil, and daily care. 
Which stir the breasts of 
men aiway. 



Look! for on earth a happy 

In everything is he, 
Who Heaven's shining river 

Good's high-born well- 
spring see ; 
And of himself may scatter 

His mind's own mist of swarthy 

By God's good help, we will as 

12. — Felix qui potait boni, &c 

Digitized by 




)7inne in^e]»onc. 
betan bifpellum. 
J^aet }>u }Je bee in»^e. 
ajiebian to pobopum. 
pihte ftije. 
on ]>one ecan eapb. 
uf f a f aula. 


Ic ha&bbe pi^pu. 
pu^le fpiptpan. 
mib ]>»m ic jdeo^an m»3. 
peep ]qiam eopfan. • 
opep heane hpop. 
heoponer fiXT^f. 
ac f a&p ic nu mojte.. 
mob jepetJpan. 
)>inne pep^-locan. 
pet^pum minum. 
o5]>»c ]>u meahte. 
fipie mibban jeapb. 
aelc eoptSlic fmj. 
eallun^a popf ion. 
GDeahtep opep pobopum. 
petJepum lacan.^ 
jreop up opep. 
polcnu pmban. 
plican piiS]>an upan. 
opep calle. 
GQeahcef eac papan. 
opep pa&m p^e. 

{>e pela jeapa pop. 
anje becpeox. 
lypce -} pobepe. 
ppa him 8Bt ppym^e. 
paebep jeciobe. 
Du meahcepc pe pitSfan. 
mib ]>»pe funnan. 

y Boet. lib. iv. metrum 1 

With spells of olden leaven 
Inform thy mind that thou 
mayst get 

Toreadtheway to heaven ; 

The right way to that happy 

shore [more. 

Our soul's own country ever- 



I have wings like a bird, and 

more swiftly can fly 
Far over this earth to the roof 

of the sky, 
And now must I feather thy 

fancies, mind, 
To leave the mid-earth and its 

earthlings behind. 

Stretch'd over the heavens, 

thou mayst with thy wings 
Sport in the clouds and look 

down on all things, 
Yea, far above fire, that lieth 

betwixt • 
The air and the sky, as the 

Father hath mixt. 

Thence with the sun to the 

stars thou shalt fly. 
Thereafter full quickly to float 

through the sky, 

. — Sunt etenim pennse volucres milii, &c. 
> Cott. oDlacaD. 

Digitized by 




papan betpeox. 
o]>pum tun^um. 
OOeahtefC ye piU pecen. 
on ]>»m pobepe upan. 
f itJfan peop])an. 
anb f onne famtenjef . 
a&c )>»m 8el-<ceal&aii. 
anum )t;eoppan. 
re ypme|t; if. 
eallpa tunjla. 
jK)ne Satupnuf . 
pinb-buenbe hacaV. 
onbep heoponum. 
he If fe cealba. 
eall ifij cun^^el. 
ypemejt; paiibpa;S. 
Of ep eallum ufan. 
o]>pum fteoppum. 
Si'8]>an ^u ]>one. 
]>one upahafaft. 
fop^ ofep-fapenne. 
]ni meaht feoppan. 
]>onne bifc f u f itJfan. 
f ona Of ep uppan. 
pobepe pyne fpiftum. 
jif J)u piht f »peft. 
pu} ]>one hehftan heof on. 
behinb'an l»tft. 
Donne meahc ]>u f i9|)a. 
fofef leohtef . 
habban pmne b»l. 
}>onan an cynin^. 
pume picfatJ. 
Ofep pobepum up. 
anb unbep fpa fame, 
eallpa ^ef ceafca. 
peopulbe palbeiS. 
D»fc If pif c^ninj;. 
Jjaec If fe }>e palbet$. 
jionb pep-fioba. 

To the lonely cold planet, 
which sea-dwellers call 

Saturn, in heaven the highest 
of all. 

He is the icj cold star in the 

That wanders the furthest, and 
* ^et as thou fliest 
Higher, and further, and up 

slialt thou rise, 
Tea, to the top of the swift 

rushing skies ! 

If thou goest rightlj, e'en 

these shalt thou leave : 
And then of the true light thy 

share shalt receive, 
"Where up over heaven, the 

Only King reigns, 
And under it all the world's 

being sustains*. 

This is the Wise King, this is 

He who is found 
To rule o'er the kings of all 

peoples around ; 
With his bridle hath bitted 

the heaven and earth. 
And guides the swift wain by 

His might driven forth. 

He is the One Judge un- 
swervingly right, 

Unchanging in power, and un- 
sullied in light ; 

»Cott J>e. 

Digitized by VjOOQ iC 



ealpa ojypa. 
eop]>an cynmja. 
j-e mib hif bpible. 
ymbe b»teb ha&f^. 
ymbhpypfC ealne. 
eop]?an 3 heoponef . 
pe hif jepaib-lejyep. 
pel ^emecjaiS. 
f e fCopeS a. 

)mph ^a ftpon^an meabc. 
]7a&m hpaebpaene. 
heojronef anb eop]ian. • 
f e an bema if. 
plicij 3 m»pe. 
dj: J>u pyiiffC on. 
peje pihtum. 
up to ];»m eapbe. 
]>a&t If »l>ele ftop. 
]>eah )>u hi nu ;eca. 
poppcen h»bbe. 
2iF )>u aefpe. 
epc )>8ep an cymeft. 
]>onne pilt )>u f ecjaii. 
anb fona cpepan. 
)>if If eallun^a. 
mm ajen cytJ. 
eapb anb e^el. 
ic pa&f aep bionan. 
cumen 3 acenneb. 
]?uph ]>iffef cpa&fc^an meaht. 
nylle ic 8&fpe bionan. 
ut pican. 
, ac ic fymle hep. 
fopce piUe. 
mib f»bep pillaa. 
pa&fte f tonban. 
Irip pe ]7onne efpe. 
epc jepeopJyetS. 
faec fu pilt ot$t5e moft; 

When to His dwelling-place 
back thou dost roam, 

However forgotten, it stUl is 
thy home. 

If ever again thou shalt thither- 
ward go, 

Soon wilt thou say, and be sure 
it is so, 

" This is mine own country in 
every way, 

The earth of my birth, and my 
heirdom for aye : 

" Hence was I bom, and came 

forth in my time. 
Through the might 'of my 

Maker, the Artist sublime, 
Nor will I go out evermore but 

stand fast, 
At the will of my Father, come 

hither at last." 

And if it should aye be again 

that thou wilt 
Come back to the world in its 

darkness and guilt. 
Thou shalt easily see of these 

kings and these proud 
Who worst have down-trodden 

this woe-ridden crowd. 

Digitized by 




peopolbe ])ioftpo. 

ejx panbian. 

ya meaht eaSe ^epon. 


eop]>an cjrninja)*. 

anb fSL opepmoban. 

o])pe picau. 

pe fij- pepi^e pole. 

jrjrpjr tucia'$. 

]»8&t he f)inle biotc 

fpit$e eapme. 


alcej- finjef. 

eipne ]>a ilcan. 

]»e fif eapme pole. 

fume hpile nu. 

Yyipojt onbpaebet^. 

That they too are wretched 

and wofuUy poor, 
TTnmightj to do anything any 

These, ay even these, beneath 

Mrhose dread yoke 
I^ow somewhile are trembling 

this woe-ridden folk. 


Cehep nu an fpell. 
be f»m ojrepmobum. 
eop])an eynmpim. 
fA hep nu mane^m. 
anb mifhcum. 
paebum plite-beophcum. 
punbpum fcmaS. 
on heah-f erlum. 
hpof e jetenje. 
jolbe jejepebe. 
anb jimcynntun. 
ucan ifmhe jranbne. 
mib unpime. 
fa bio5 jehypp:e. 
mib hepe-jeacpum. 
hilbe cophcum. 
fpeojibum 3 petelum. 
rpitSe jejlenbe. 



Hear now a spell of the proud 
Kings of the earth, when 
unrighteous in mind : 
Wondrously bright though the 
robes they are wearing. 
High thougn the seats where 
their pomp is enshrined. 

Gold-clad and gemm'd,and with 
hundreds round standing, 
Thanes and great earls with 
their chain and their 
All of them chieftains in battle 
Each in his rank doing suit 
to his lord : 

■ Boet. lib. i^. metrum 2. — Quos vides aedere ceifio, 4c. 

Digitized by 




anb ]>e^nia$. 

}?pynime mycle. 

«&lc opjium, 

anb hi ealle him. 

)K>nan mib fy^ j^ynune. 

)>peatia$ jehpibc^. 


o}»pa ]>eoba. 

anb fe hlapopb ne fcpij:^. 

])e pKia h^e palbeS. 

ppeonbe ne peonbe, 

peope ne s&hcum. 

ac he pejnj-mob. 

psejr on ^ehfikne. 

pe^e hunbe. 

puhra jelicoft. 

3x6 to upahaepen. 

inne on mobe. 

pop ]>8em anpalbe. 

pe him anpa jehpilc. 

hif tip-pina. 

CO pultemaS. 

£rip mon ]x)nne polbe. 

him apmban op. 

psep cyne-^epekn. 

cla]?a ^ehpilcne. 

anb him j^onne option. 

jMLpa ]7e^un^ 

anb pxf anpalbep. 

pe he hep ha&pbe. 

j^onne meaht )^u jepon. 

{ys&t he bits ppitSe jebc. 

pumum ]7apa ^umena. 

]>e him ^eopnoft nu. 

mib ]>e^nttn3um. 

fpinja^ ymbe utan. 

yp he pyppa ne bitS. 

ne pene ic hip na betepan. 

Ifip him ];onne s&ppe. 


peap jebepebe. 

While in such splendour each 
rules like a savage, 
Everywhere threatening the 
people with strife, 
So, this lord heeds not, but 
leaves them to ravage 
Priends for their riches, and 
foes for their life ! 

Ay, and himself, like a hound 
that is madden' d, 
Hies at and tears his poor 
people for sport, 
In his fierce miad too loftily 
With the proud power his 
chieftains support. 

But, from his robes if a man 
should unwind him. 
Stripped of such ooverings 
kingly and gay. 
Drive all bis following thanes 
from behind him. 
And let his glory be taken 

Then should ye seo that he 
likens most truly 
Anyof tiioae who so slavishly 
Bound him with homage de- 
murely and duly, 
Neither more right than the 
rest, nor more wrong. 


Digitized by VjOOQ iC 



pmt him pupbe opco^en. 

]^]YpQjney 3 p»ba. 

anb t^e^nunja. 

anb fmy anpalbef . 

fe ye pnbe fppeca5. 

^ip him »ni^ ]>apa. 

ophenbe pjrptJ. 

ic pat f him }»incet$. 

^9dt he )>onne fie. 

becpopen on capcepn. 

o^e co5hce. 

pacentan ^epaepeb. 

Ic jcpeccan m»^, 

]>8eft op un^emece. 

a&lcep J^injep. 

pifte ;) p»ba. 


anb op ppet-mecann 

fpijyopr peaxatS. 

J^sepe ppAnneppe. 

pob-J^paj micel. 

po ppi^e ^ebp»pt$. 

pepan mjehyjb. 

monna jehpelcep. 

)>onan maeit; cymetS. 

ypla opepmeta. 

unnetta paca. 

Donne hi jeboljene^ peopfatS. 

him p)7i9 on bpeoptmn inne. 

beppun^en pepa on hpe]>pe. 

mib ]>a&m ppi]>an pebne. 


anb hpetSe pit$]^n. 


eac ;epe»pet$. 

heapbe jeha&pceb. 

pim pit$]yan onjmS. 

pum tohopa. 

ppi'Se leojan. 

ysdj jepinnep ppasce. 

pdnat$ f ippe. 


If then to him it should chance 
in an hour, 
All his bright robes from his 
back be offstripped, 
All that we speak of, his pomp 
and his power, 
Glories unraveli'd and gar- 
ments unripp'd, — 

If these were shredded away, 
I am thinking, 
That it would seem to him 
surely as though 
He to a prison had crept, and 
was linking 
All that he had to the fetters 
of woe. 

Eightly I reckon that measure- 
less pleasure, 
Eating and drinking, and 
sweetmeats and clothes. 
Breed the mad waxing of lust 
by bad leisure, 
Wrecking the mind where 
such wickedness grows : 

Thence cometh evil, and proud 
Quarrels and troubles arise 
from such sin. 
When in the breast hot-heart- 
ness is tearing 
With its fierce lashes the 
soul that's within. 


Digitized by 



anef anb o]ype]\ 

him f eall ^ehset. 

bif pecelejt. 

juhtef ne f cpijieS. 

Ic I'e fsebe »p. 

on fijje pelf an bee. 

faec fumef joobej*. 

pbpa ^ef cea)t;a. 

anleppa selc. 

a pilnobe. 

pop bif a^enum. 



eopl'an cynm^af . 

ne majon aeppe ]>upbtion. 

apubt joobef . 

pop pa&m yple. 

pe ic pe »p paebe. 

Nip f nan punboji. 

pop]>8&m bi pillatS bi. 

|>»m un]>eapum. 

}>e ic J>e sep nembe, 

anpa ^ebpelcum. 

a iinbep)>eoban. 

Sceal ]>onne nebe. 

neappe jebujan. 

to ^apa blapopba. 

ba&pce borne. 

]>e be bme eallun^a. 

aep unbepfiobbe. 

f aec ip pyppe jec. 

]?»t be pinnan nyle. 

pits ]>sem anpalbe. 

aenije ptunbe. 

]>»p be polbe L 

pinnan on^mnan. 

anb )K)nne on ]>»m jepmne. 

]?upbpuman poptJ. 

]>onne naepbe be. 

nane pcylbe. 

]>eab be opejipunnen. 

peop]>an pceolbe. 

Afterward, sorrow imprisons 
and chains bim ; 
Then does be hope, but bis 
hope is a lie : 
Thenagain,wrath against some- 
body pains bim, 
Till he has recklessly doom'd 
bim to die. 

In tbis same book before I was 
Everything living is wishing 
some good, 
But the bad kings of the earth, 

, who are wreaking 
Nothing but ill, as is fitting 
they should. 

That is no wonder, for slaves 
very willing 
Are they to sins, — as I told 
thee before, — 
And to those lords whose 
chains they are filling, 
Straitlv and strictly must 
bend evermore : 

Tbis is yet worse, they will not 
be winning 
Standinp;-room even against 
such ill might ; 
Still, if they will, they struggle 
Though they should seem 
overthrown in the fight. 

Digitized by 





Ic )»e me^ eat^e. 
ealbum "} leafum« 
fpellum anbpeccan. 
jT[)paece jelicne.^ 
ejpke fifye ilcao. 
pe pit yinbrppecat5. 
pit ^efselbe ^lo. 
on pime tibe. 
fBdt Aulixef . 
y»m Laf epe. 
cyne-picu tpa. 
pe p»f Dpacia. 
])ioba albop. 
anb Retie. 
picef hipbe. 
y»Y hif fpea-bpihtnef. 
folc-cut$ nama. 
f e eallef peolb. 
Epeca picef . 
J1ax6 psef pibe. 
fB&t on )ia tibe. 
Tpioiajepin. ^ 
peap^ unbep polcnum. 
fop pijep-hei^b. 
Cpeca bpihten. 
can)p-p:eb fecan. 
Aulixef mib. 
an hunb f cipa. 
Is&bbe p^eji la^-ftpeanu 
f aec lonje p»p. 
tyn pintep2 pulL 
Da' po tib ^elomp. 
J>8Bt hi f pice, 
^epa&ht h»pbon. 
biope jecepte. 



From old and leasing spells 
right easily 

Can I to thee tell out a tale 
like that 

Whereof we lately spake. — It 
chanced of yore 

That, on a time, Ulysses held 
two kingdoms 

Under his CsBsar: he was 
prince of Thrace, 

And ruled Neritia as its shep- 
herd king. 

His head -lord's folk -known 
name was Agamemnon, 

Who wielded all the greatnesv 
of the Greeks. 

At that time did betide the 
Trojan war, 

Under the clouds well known: 
the warrior chief, 

Lord of the Greeks, went forth 
to seek the battle. 

Ulysses with him led an hun- 
dred ships 

Over the sea, and sat ten win* 
ters there. 

When the time happened that 
this Grecian lord 

With his brave peers had over- 
thrown that kingdom, 

Boet. lib. iv. metrum S.—Vela Ncritii duds, &c 
» Cott sehce. « Cott. pmc. » Cott. >e 

Digitized by 




bpihten Epeca. 
Tpoia buph.^ 
rdiiin ^epJ^uxD. 
pa fs? Aulixep. 
leafe ha&f be. 
Dpacia cynmj.' 
]>8&t lie ]K>nan mofte. 
he let him behinhan. 
hypnbe ciolaj'. 
nijon ^ hunb nijontij^ 
na&ni^e^ J^onan. 
ma ]>oime »xme. 
fefiebe on pj:el ftpeam. 
J>piepel»pe ceol. 
fafc bits f m»]t:e. 
Epecifcpa fcipa. 
]>a peaptS cealb pebep» 
fceapc-fcopma jelac. 
ftunebe yio bpune. 
y^ pit5 ofpe. 
ut peop abpap. 
on penbel-f ». 
pi^enbpa f cola, 
up on f i^lanb. 
]>aep ApoSmef . 
bohtop jmnobe* 
b»5-pinief pojm. 
paef pe ApoUinuf . 
sdpelej cynnef . 
lobep eaf opa. 
re paBj- 510 cjumj. 
f e licecce. 
bdiiin 3 midum. 
^umena ^ehpylcum. 
baet he IDob^ pa&pe. 
nehft ^ haljojT. 
Spa f e hlajropb ]>a. 

1 Cott. bups. * Cott. >TL 
» Cott soob. 

The dear-bought bm^b of 

Troy, — Ulysaes then, 
The King of Thneia, when his 

lord gave leave 
That he might hie him thence, 

he left behind 
Of all his hom'd sea -keels 

ninety and nine. 
Thence, none of tliose sea- 
horses, saying one, 
Traveird with foanky ndes the 

fearful sea; 
Save one, a keel with threes 

fold banks of oara. 
Greatest of Grecian ships. 

Then was cold weather, 
A gathering of stark storms ; 

against each othar 
Stunned the brown billows, 

and oat-drove a&r 
On the mid-winding aea the 

shoal of warriorSy 
Up to that island, where, un- 
numbered days. 
The daughter of Apollo wont 

to dwell. 
This same Apollo was of high* 

born kin. 
Offspring of Jove, who was a 

king of yore, 
He schemed so, as to seem to 

every one. 
Little and great, that he must 

be a God, 

s Cott. anins. * Cott. nmnsne. 

Digitized by 



]>»t bf^^e pole. 

on jebpolan laebbe. 

oC}>et him ^elj^be. 

leoba unpim. 

Fop)>»m he p»f.imb pihce. 

picef hipbe. 

hiopa cjrne-cjimef. 

EutJ If pibe. 

pBdt on ]ia tibe. 

jieoba »;hpilc haapbon. 

heopa hlapopb. 

pop )>one hehftan Irob. 

anb peop)>obon. 

rpa fpa pulbpef cjnin;. 

pF ^c t;o )»»m pice y»j. 

on pihte bopen. 

p»f }>»f lobef psebep. 

Irob eac ppa he. 

Sacupnuf ]K>ne. 


heton h»lepa beapn. 

h»pbon ])a m»;)>a. 

»lcne »ptep o]>pum. 

pop ecne IfOb. 

Sceolbe eac pepan. 


bohcop biop-bopen. 

2;uin-pinca ^yben. 
cut^e ^albpa pela. 
bpipan bpjrcp»ptap. 
hio ^ebpolan pyljbe. 
manna ppipopt. 
mane^pa pioba. 
Eymnjep bohcop. 
pio Lipce paep. 
hacen pop hepi^mn. 
pio picpobe. 
on ])»m i^onbe. 
fe Auhxep. 
cynmj Dpacia. 

Highest and Holiest ! So the 

This lord didleadthroughljing 
ways, imtil 

An untold flock of men be- 
lieved in him : 

For that he was with right the 
kingdom's chief, 

And of their kinglj kin. Well 
is it known 

That in those times each people 
held its lord 

As for the Q-od most high, and 
worshipped him 

For King of Glory, — if with 
right of rule 

He to the kingdom of his rule 
was bom. 

The father of this Jove was 
also Qod, 

E?en as he : him the sea-dwell- 
ers call 

Saturn: the sons of men 
counted these kin 

One after other, as the E?er 

Thus also would ApoUo's high- 
bom daughter 

Be held a Goddess by the 
senseless folk, 

Known for her Druid -craffc, 
and witcheries. 

Most of all other men she fol- 
lowed lies. 

And this kind's daughter, Circe 
was she hight. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



com ane to. 
ceole li]>an. 
Eut$ p»f fona. 
ea^pe ))s&pe ms&ni^e. 
fe hipe mib punobe. 
a&fehnjef piC. 
Pio mib im^emete. 
lirpini lupobe. 
lit^-monna ppea. 
anb he eac f pa fame, 
ealle ma&^ne. 
epe fpa fpitSe. 
hi on j-epan lupobe.. 
faec he to hij* eapbe. 
aenije ny)t:e. 
mobej- mynlan. 
opep maegtS jiunje. 
ac he mib ))8em pipe, 
punobe pitS^an. 

o^faet him ne meahte. 

monna aeni^. 

l>ejna^ pnpa. 

l>»p mib pepan. 

ac hi pop )>»m ypm}>um. 

eapbep lypte. 

mynton poplsetan. 

leopne hlapopb. 

^ onjunnon pepcan. 

pep-feoba ppell. 

r»bon f hio pceolbe. 

mib hipe pciiilace. 

beopnap popbpeban. 

anb mib baIo-qi»ptmn. 

Ppafum peoppan. 

on pilbpa he. 

cyninjep J>e5nap. 

cyppan pitSfan. 

^b mib pacentan eac. 

P»pan msBnijne. 

Simie hi to pulpum pupbon. 
; > CJott 

Circe for Church, as having 

many with her. 
She ruled this isle, whereto the 

Thracian king 
Ulysses, with one ship, hap- 
pened to sail. 
Soon was it known, to all the 

many there 
That dwelt with her, the 

coming of the prince ; 
She without measure loved this 

And he alike with all his soul 

loved her, 
So that lie knew not any love 

more deep 
Even of home, than as he loved 

this maiden ; 
But lived with her for wife long 

Until not one of all his thanes 

would stay, 
But, full of anguish for their 

country's love, 
They meant to leave behind 

their well-loved lord. 
Then on the men she 'gan to 

work her spells ; 
They said, she should by those 

her sorceries 
Make the men prone like 

beasts : and savagely 
Into the bodies of wilcl beasts 

she warp'd 


Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



ne meahton )K>ime popb popt$< 

9LC bio }>pa3-m»ltun. 
]>iocon onjunnon. 
Some paapon eapopaf . 
a jpymetebon. 
)M)ane hi fapef hps&c. 
popan j-ciolbon. 
Ba ]>e leon pwpon. 
on^unnon l»51tce. 
^^penset Ptna. 
]K)nne hi rceolbcn. 
cbpian pop cop]?pe. 
!Enihtaf pupbon. 
ealbe je pun^e. 
ealle pophpeppbe. 
CO pumam biope. 
ppelcum he »pop. 
on kip lip-bapim. 
jehcopc fd&Y. 
bQCan]min cr^nm^e. 
J>e pio cpen lupobe. 
Nolbe ]MLpa c^pa. 
s&ni^ onbitan. 
mennipcef metep. 
ac hi ma lupebon. 
biopa bpohra2$. 
ppa hit s^bepe ne pssp. 
Ns&pbon hi nrafie. 
monnum jehcep, 
]K)nne mjeJ^ODC 
paspbe aopa s^bf^i^lc. 
hip ajen mob, 
J;aBt paep feah ppitSe. 
popjum jebunben. 
pop )>»m eappo])um. 
fe him onpaecon. 
Ppaet J)a bypejan men. 
pe f ypum bpydpa&ptum. 
long jelypbon. 

By baleful craft the followers 

of the king. 
Then did she tie them up, and 

bind with ebains. • 

Some were as wolves; and 

might not then bring forth 
A word of speech; but now 

and then would howl. 
Some were as boars; and 

grunted ever and aye, 
When they should sigh a whit 

for sorest grief. 
They that were lions, loathly 

would begin 
To roar with rage when they 

should call their comrades, 
The knights, both old and 

young, into some beast 
Were changed as each afore- 
time WB6 most like 
In his life's day : but only no* 

the king. 
Whom the queen loved: the 

others, none would bite 
The meat of men, but loved 

the haunt of beasts. 
As was ill fitting ; 

they to men, earth-dwelleis 
Had no more likeness left than 

their own thought. 
Each still had his own mind, 

though strailly bound 
With sorrow §Qt the toils that 

him beset. 
For e'en the foolish m«i who 

long believed 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


leapim fpeUum. 

pijTon hpsefpe. 

faec f jepic ne ms&j. 

mob onpenban. 

monna aenij. 

mib bpyqiwptum. 

feah hio jebon meahce. 

]>aet ))a lichoman. 

^Se fpaje. 

onpenb pupbon. 

Ir f punboplic. 

maejen cpsept micel. 

moba j^pilcef . 

opep lichoman. 

la&nne ^ faeime. 

8pylcuni ^ yyyUxan, 

}VL meaht; fp^otole onjitan. 

]>»t ))aef lichoman. 

liftar 1 cpa&fCaf 

Of faem mobe cuma^. 

monna ^ehpylcnm. 

anleppa a&lc. 

Du meaht eatSe on^itan. 

l>»t te ma bepe8. 

monna ^dipylcum.^ 

mobej* un]>eap. 

fcmne metrpymnef. 

l«nei* lichoman. 

Ne feapp leoba nan. 

penan ]^a&pe pypbe. 

faet ^ pepi^e pbqc. 

faet mob. 

JJwnna aeni^ej*. 

«aHunja to him. 

*fpe m»j onpenban. 

*c ]>a un]>eapaf . 

»fcer mobep. 

w*b f m^e]>onc. 


)>one lichoman ht. 

fibep hit pile. 

» Cott 

Through leasing spells in all 

this Druid craft, 
Knew natheless that no man 

might change the wit, 
Or mind, by such bad craft: 

though they might make 
That for long while the bodies 

should be changed. 
Wonderful is that great and 

mighty arl» 
Of every mind above the mean 

dull body. 
By such and such things thou 

mayst clearly know 
That from the mind come one 

by one to each 
Ana every man his body's lusts 

and powers. 
Easily mayst thou see that 

everv man 
Is by his wickedness of mind 

more harm'd 
Than by the weakness of his 

failing body. 
Nor need a man ween ever 

sudi weird-chance. 
As that the wearisome and 

wicked flesh 
Could change to it the mind of 

any man, 
But the bad lusts of each mind, 

and the thought 
Of each man, lead his body 

where they will. 


y Google 




Vyf %e Wfpe fcylen. 


eoyeji mob bpepan. 

fpa rpa mepe jdobef • 

^}>a hpepa^. 

if-calbe f». 

pec^aS pp pmbe. 

Ppy otSjnce je. ^ 

pypbe eofiie, 

^»t hio ^epealb na)»^. 

Ppy je I)»r beapep. 

}>e eop Dpihcen ^efceop. 

^ebiban ne ma^^on. 

bitpef jec^bej*. 

nu he eop selce bae^. 

onet topeapb. 

Ne ma^oh je jepon. 

]>8BC he f^le rpil*®®' 

8&]:tep K^pelcum. 

eoppan cubpe. 

biopum ^ pijlum. 

bea6 eac fpa fame. 

sbpceji mon-cynne. 

2;eonb ))ipie mibban ^eapb. 

e^efhc himtal 

abit on pa6e. 

njrle he »m; fpetS. . 

8&ppe poplsBtan. 

8&P he ;^ehebe. 

'pg&t he hpile »p. 

a&pcep fpypebe. 

If f eapmlic Jmiij. 

]>8&t hif ^ebiban ne ma^oo. 


unjepaehje men. 

hme »p pilla6. 

popan topciotan. 



Why ever your mind will ye 
trouble with hate, 
As the icy-oold sea when it 
Its billows waked-up by 
the wind ? 
Why make such an outcry 
against your weird fate, 
That she cannot keep you 
from fears, 
Nor save you from sor- 
rows assign'd P 

"Why cannot ye now the due 
bitterness bide 
Of death, as the Lord hath 
That hurries to-you-ward 
each day ? 
Now can ye not see him still 
tracking beside 
Each thing that is born of 
earth's breed, 
The birds and the beasts, 
as ye may ? 

Death also for man in like 
manner tracks out 
Dread hunter ! this middle- 
earth through, [more; 
And bites as he runs ever- 
He will not forsake, when he 
searches about, [too, 

His prev, till he catches it 
And nnds what he sought 
for before. 

^ Boet. lib. iv. metrum 4, — Quid tantos juvat excitare motus, &c. 

Digitized by 




rpa rpa Fujla cjn. 

otSSe pil&u biop. 

]>a piniia:5 betpuh. 

aBjhpylc polbe. 

o]^ acpellan. 

Ac ])8et; If unpiht. 

a&2;lipelcum men. 

ps&'c he o]>epne. 


pioje on p»pi$e. 

fpa fpa fuj;! ot$t5e biop. 

Ac ])%t p»pe pihtoft. 

ps&'c te pmca ^ehpylc. 

opjmm ^be. 

eblean on piht. 

peopc be ^epeophtum. 


]>]n^a jehpileef . 

)>8&c If -p he lupje. 

^obpa jehpilcne. 

f pa he jeopnofC ma&^e. 

milbfije yplum. 

f pa pe [»p] fppa&con. 

tie f ceal ^one monnan. 

mobe lupian. 

anb hi]' un))eapaf . 

ealle hatian. 

anb op)ii]}>an. 

fpa he f pifoft ma&^e. 


ppa If on eop])an nu. 


fe ne punbpije. 

)K)lcna paepelbef . 

A sad thing it is, if we cannot 
His bidding, poor burghers 
of earth. 
But wilfully strive with 
him still; 
Like birds or wild beasts, when 
they haste in their hate 
To rage with each other in 
And wrestle to quell and 

But he that would hate in the 
deep of his heart 
Another, unrighteous is he, 
And worse than a bird or 
a beast ; 
But best is the man who would 
freely impart 
To a brother, whoever he be. 
Full worth for his work 
at the least : 

That is, he should love all the 

good at his best, 

And tenderly think of the 

bad, [fore ; 

As we have spoken be- 

The man he should love with 

his soul — ^for the rest 

His sins he should hate, and 

be glad [more. 

To see them cut off ever- 



Who now is so unlearned 
among people of the world, 

^ Boet lib. iy. metrum 5«— Si quia arctori sidera nescit, &c. 

Digitized by 




pobper jrpipBO- 

p^e tun^o. 

Im hy nice bi^e. 

utan ymbhpepF^^ 

eallne nubban ^eapb^ 

Ppa If mon-cynnef. 

)w»t ne jNuibpie ymb. 

]«f iditegan tun^ 

hu by pime habbaiS. 

fpit$e micle. 

f cjTicpsn ymbebpeepjt;. 

fume f cpi]>at5 len^ 

utan ymb eall ^if. 

an ]nipa tun^. 

populb-men hata^. 

psenef pifla. 

^a habbaS fcr^tpan. 

fqiitJe anb pa&pelb.* 

;^bhpep]:t laeffan. 

]>onne o])pu tun^. 

f opp»m hi ))8&pe eaxe. 

utan ]^bhpepfe9. 

J;one nop^-enbe. 

nean ymbceppeiK. 

on ]>aepe ilcan. 

eaxe hpeppeS. 

eall puma pobop. 

pecene fqii]>eS. 

futS-healb fpifetS. 

fpift untiopij. 

Ppa If 091 populbe.' 

)raet ne pap^e. 

buton pk ane. 

fe hit 8Bp piffon. 

]>a&t maeni^' tun^^ol 

mapan ymbhpjrppt. 

hapatS on heoponum 

fume hpile eft. 

l»ffe ^eh))at$. 

pa pe lacat$ ymb eaxe enbe. 

> Gott. p»|icIb. s Cott pecgivibA. 

As not to wonder afe the ebuds 

upon the ekiea unfurrdy 
Tlie swiftly roUiog faeaveiivand 

the racing of the rtan. 
How day hj daj thej nm 

around this mid -earth in 

their cars P 

Who then of men do& wonda 

not these glittering stars to 

How some of them round 

wafted in shorter cirdes be, 
And some are wanderers any 

and far beyond them eU, 
And one there is which worldly 

men the Wain with riui£to 

do call. 

These travel shorter than the 

rest, with less of sweep and 

They turn about the axle, and 

near the north end curve. 
On that same axle quickly 

round turns all the roomy 

And swiftly bending to the 

south untiling doth it fly. 

Then who is there in all the 

world that is not well 

Save those alone who knew 

before the stars on which 

they gazed. 

* Cott >nr te rnsms* 

Digitized by 


xn^ ICSTBSS or boethiius. 


o^tJe micle mape. 

jef epat$ fa hipe mib ope, 

ymbe J^eaple jips&^etS. 

fapa If ^ehaten. 

Sainipnuf pim. 

re haefS ymb J?pitig. 


peopulb 5^mbcyppeb.^ 

Boocef eac. 

beophce fcme^. 

ofep fteoppa cymetS. 

epie fpa fame. 

on fone ilcan fcebe. 

eftymb Jjpitij.. 


)>aep hi 510 pa paef . 

Ppa If peopulb-monna. 

paet ne papje. 

tu fume fceoppan. 

d6 fa f» fapaiS. 

unbep mepe-ftpeamaf . 

fa&r f e monnum fincS* 

Spa eac fume penalS. 

psec fio fumie bo. 

ae f e pena mf . 

pvihte J>e f oppa, 

Ne bits bio on a&pen. 

ne on aep-mopjen. 

mepe-ftpeame )?a neap. 

J>e on mibne baej. 

anb peah monnum pync'S 

p»t hio on mepe janje. 

^inbep f» fpijre. 

f onne hio on fed jbbe^. 

I^pa If on peopulbe. 

paec ne punbpije. 

piUef monan. 

ponne he p s&pm^a. 

Pypt$ unbep polcnum. 

pbtef bepeapab. 

» Cott. 

That many somfi^hilea on the 
hea?en8 make a longer bead. 

And somewbiles less, and sport 
about the axle of the end : 

Or else much more they wajader 

quickly round the midway 

Whereof is one, bight Satuttt, 

who revolves in thirty years, 
Bootes also, shiniug bright, 

another star that takes 
His place again in thirty years^ 

of circle that be makes. 

Who is there then of worldly 
men to whom it doth not 

A thing most strange that 
many stars go under the sea- 

As likewise some may falsely 
ween that also doth the sun. 

But neither is this likeness 
true, nor yet that other one. 

The sun is not at even-tide, 

nor morning's early light 
Nearer to the sea-stream than 

in the mid-day bright. 
And yet it seems to men she 

goes her wandering sphere 

to lave, 
When to her setting down she 

glides beneath the watery 


ymbcippeb. Boceef . 

Digitized by VjOOQ iC 



be)>eaht mib )>iO)Tpuin. 
Ppa )>epia ne mse^e. 
eac papon. 
»lcef jTioppan. 
hpy hi ne f cmen. 
fcipum pebepum. 
bepopan )»»pe pmnan. 
n» hi fymle bo^. 
mibbel nihcum. 
pits pone monan popan. 
habpum heopone. 
Ppa&c nu h»le))a pela. 
fpelcej* anb fpelcej*. 
rpitJe punbpaS. 
anb ne puubpiatS. 
)»set te puhca ^ehpilc. 
men anb netenu. 
micelne habbat$. 
anb imnetne. 
anban betpeoh him. 
nntSe finjalne. 
if f fellic fmcj. 
)>»t hi ne punbpia^. 
hu hic on polcnum op. 
J^eaple punpatS. 
))pa3-m»lum epc. 
anb eac fpa fame. 
y'8 pits lanbe. 
ealne^ pmnetS. 
pmb pi^ p»S^' 
Ppa punbpatS }>8&f . 
oiiSe ofpef epic, 
hpy^ pa&c If mse^e. 
peop))an op p»tepe. 
phte cophc^ fcmetS. 
funna fpe^e har. 
fona jeceppetJ. 
if mepe s&nhc. 
on hif ajen jecynb. 

» Cott. hpi. 

Who is there in the world will 

wonder not to gaze 
Upon the full-moon on his way, 

bereft of all his rays, 
"When suddenly beneath the 

clouds he is beclad with 

And who of men can marvel 

not at every planet's track ? 

Why shine they not before the 

sun in weather clear and 

As ever on the stilly sky before 

the moon at night P 
And how is it that many men 

much wondering at such. 
Yet wonder not that men and 

beasts each other hate so 


Eight strange it is they marvel 

not how in the welkin oft 
It thunders terribly, and then 

eftsoons is calm aloft, 
So also stoutly dashes the wave 

against the shore. 
And fierce against the wave 

the wind uprises with a roar ! 

Who thinks of this ? or yet 

again, how ice of water 

And how in beauty on the sky 

the bright sun hotly glows, 
Then soon to water, its own 

kin, the pure ice runs away ; 
But men think that no wonder, 

when they see it every day. 

« Cott. coph. 

Digitized bydOOQlC 



peop}>etS CO paecpe. 

Ne J>inc^ ^ punbop micel. 

monna d&ne^um. 

faec he mse^e sej-eon. 

bo^opa ^ehpilce. 

ac ]>%t byj-ie pole. 

p»f hic felbnop jepM. 

rpifop punbpiat$.* 

]Neah hit pifpa ^ehpa&m. 

ponbop ]>ince. 

on hif mob-fepan. 

micle laejre. 


ealne^ penatS. 

pa&c -^ ealb jefceapc. 

»ppe ne psepe. 

fsdt hi f elbon ^epo^. 

ac rpij^op jiet. 

peopiUb-men pena'$. 

J>a&c hic peap come. 

nipan jepaelbe. 

;i;ip hiopa na&npun. 

hpylc »p ne of eopbe. 

ip f eapmhc fine. 

Ac jip hiopa 861113. 

aeppe peopf e6. 

to f on pippet-^eopn. 

f 8&t he pela onpnt$. 

leopnian hpta. 

anb him lipep peapb. 

op mobe abpit. 

fsBt micle b^ij. 

f 8&t hit opepppi^en mib. 

punobe lan^e. 

fonne ic p»t jeape. 

f hi ne punbpia;S. 

meemjep fmjep. 

f e monnum nu. 

p»p])o "3 pimbep. 

pel hpaep f^eeS. 

This senseless folk is far more 
struck at things it seldom 

Though every wisq man in hi& 

mind will wonder less at 

TTnstalworth minds will always 

think that what they seldom 

Ne?er of old was made before, 

and hardly now can be. 

But further yet, the worldly 

men by chance will think it 

A new thing, if to none of 

them had ever happ'd the 

Silly enough !— yet if of them 

a man begins to thirst 
For learning many lists and 

lores that he had scorn'd at 


And if for him the "Word of 
life uncovers from his wit 

The cloak of that much foolish- 
ness which overshadow'd it, 

Then well of old I wot he 
would aot wonder at things 


Which now to men most wor- 
thily and wonderfully show. 

1 Cott. punbpa'5. 

Digitized by VjOOQ iC 




Lip )>u nu pilni^e. 
heane anpalb. 
hlutpe mobe. 
on^t«D 2iopne.^ 

heoponef tun^u. 

hu bi kim bealba2S betfub. 

f ibbe f inhale. 

bybon J7?a lan^e. 

jya hi ^e]^neb^ 

pulbpej* eslbop. 

»t fpum-f ceapte. 

)>8et pio pJTiene moc. 

pun ne jepecan. 

pnap ceaibep peg. 

monna ^emsepo. 

Ppaet ]>a ma&paxL tiin2^. 

au)?ep o]>pep pene. 

a ne jebpinetS. 

»p J)am -f o]>ep. 


Ne bupu pe pteoppa. 

jeptijan jnle. 

pept-b»l polciMu 

G^ne pipe men. 
ppa nemni^. 
6alle ptioppan. 
pijatS aeptep punnan. 
pamob mib pobepe. 
unbep eop}>an jpunb. 
be ana ptenc. 
nip f nan punbop. 
he ip punbpum p»pt.^ 
upenbe neab. 
eaxe }>»p pobepep. 
Donne ip an pteoppa. 
opep ofpe beopbt, 



If now thou art willing the 
Lord of the world 
His highness and greatness 
clear-sighted to see, 
Behold tbenage host of the 
heavens unfurl'd 
How calmljr at peace with 
each other they be ! 

At the first forming the glori- 
fied Friaee 
Ordered it so that the ami 
should not turn 
Nigh to the bounds of the 
moon oyer sinee, 
Nor the cold path of the 
snow-circle bom. 

Naj, the high star? never cross 

on the sides 
Ere that another has hurried 

Nor to the westward will ever 

TJrsa the star,- 
men say. 


All of the stars set after the 
Under the ground of the 
earth with the sky : 

Boet. lib. iv. metram 6.— Si via celsi jara tonantiSi &c. 
» Cott. sionne. « Cott. eapt. 

Digitized by 




cymetJ eajran up; 

»p ]>onne pinne. 

pone^ monna beapn. 

mopjen-pciopjia liataiS. 

iinbep heopnum. 

popj^aem he li»le]raiiL bae^. 

bobaiS »ftep buppuxu 

bpenjetS a&ptep. 

fpejelcophc pinne. 

j^mab eallum b»2* 

If j-e pppynel. 

js&^eji anb f cienc. 

cymet5 eajran up. 

»ppop* puman. 

anb ep aejxep piiman« 

on feci jhbe^, 

pefc unbep peopulbe. 

pep-|>ioba hif. 

noman onpenba2S. 

])onne niht cymetS. 

hata^ bine ealle. 


f e biS ]7aepe funnan fPftpa. 

f i^]7an hi on feci ^eyitsuS* 


)>8&c If 8B]>ele cun^ol. 

ot$ f he be eafcan peopJ>et$. 

elbum o]>epeb. 

s&p ]7onne f unne. 

* ♦ habba« 

aefele tunjol. 
emne ^eba&leb. 
baej ^ nihce. 
Dpihcnef meahcum. 
funne "^ mona. 
f pi^e jefpaepe. 
fpa him 8BC FPymtSe. 
ps&bep ^eciohhobe. 
Ne J)eapfC }>u no penan. 
» Cott. I>o; 

That is no wonder; for only 
this one, 
The axle, stands lastly and 
firmly on high. 

Again, there's a star more 
bright than them oll^ 
He comes from the east, 
before the Bun*s birth, 
The star of the morning, — thus 
him ever call, 
Under the heavens, the chil- 
dren of earth. 

For that he bodes daj's-dawn 
to men's homes 
After him bringing the sun 
in his train, 
Fair from the east this fore- 
runner comes, 
And glides to the west all 
shining again. 

People rename him at night in 
the west, 
Star of the evening then is 
hfi hight. 
And when the setting sun goes 
to her rest 
He races her down more 
swift than the light. 

Still he outruns her, until he 
Again in the east, forerun- 
ning the sun, 
A glorious star, that equally 
The day and the night, ere 
his racing be run. 

> Cott »p jpop. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



y»Y ]>eopb6mef . 
a]>pocen peopt$e. 
8&P bomef bfl&je. 
beS p9]7an ymbe. 
moncynnef fpuma. 
fpa him ^emet ]>incet$. 
pop)>on hi he healpe. 
heoponef piyief. 
on ane ne L»c. 
a&hnihcij Irob. 
fy laBf hi ofpa popbybcn, 
8eJ>ela jep ceapca. 
ac f e eca Hob. 
ealle^ jemetjaS. 
piba ^epceapta. 
popca ^eSpepaS. 
hpilum ]>»t bpi3e. 
bpipt" jK)ne p»can. 
hpylum hi jemen^e'S. 
mecobep cpaepce. 
cile pi^ h»to. 
hpilum ceppetS ept. 
on up pobop. 
»1 beojihta lej. 
. leohc lypte. 
h^etS him behmban. 
hepij hpupan ba&l. 
)>eah hit hpilan »p. 
eoptSe pio cealbe. 
on innanhipe. 
heolb -} hybbe. 
haL3ep meahtum. 
Be faep cyninjep jebobe. 
cymet$ ^eapa ^ehpa&m. 
eopt$e bpmje^. 
a&jhpj^lc cubop. 
anb pe hata pumop. 
hs&lepa beapnum. 
jeapa ^ehpdce. 
jiepetS -^ bpijetS. 
» Cott 

Through the Lord's power, the 
sun and the moon 
Bule as at first by the Fa- 
ther's decree ; 
And think not thou these 
bright shiners will soon 
Weary of serfdom till domes- 
day shall be : 

Then shall the Maker of man 
at his will 
Do with them all that is 
right by-and-by ; 
Meanwhile the Good and Al- 
mighty One still 
Setteth not both on one half 
of the sky, 

Lest they should other brave 
beings unmake ; 
But E?er Good, He still 
suffers it not ; 
Somewhiles the dry with the 
water will slake, 
Somewhiles will mingle the 
cold with the hot. 

Yea, by His skill, otherwhiles 

will upsoar 
Into the sky fire airily- 

Leaving behind it the cold 

heavy ore 
. Which by the Holy One's 

might it had warm'd. 

ealla. * Cott bjapS. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



;eonb f ibne ;^iinb. 
f»b anb bleba. 
hs&ppeft to honba. 
hep buenbum. 
pipa pece^. 
pen sejrtep ]>a&m. 
rpylce ha^al ^ piap. 
hpufan lecca%. 
on pintpef cib. 
pebep unhiope. 
pop ]78em eop?$e onpehC. 
eallum fs&bum. 
jebetS f hi jpopa6. 
^eapa ^ehpilce. 
on lencten cib. 
leap up fppyrcaS. 
ac i*e milba mecob. 
monna beapnum. 
on eop]>an pec. 
call f ce jpopetS. 
paBjcmap on peopolbe. 
pel popt^bjienjetS hic. 
ponne he pile, 
heopona palbenb. 
anb eopafS ept. 
nim^ ]>onne he pile, 
nepjenbe Iiob. 
anb ^ hehjxe 500b. 

on heah f etle. 

fitetS pelf cyninj. 

anb )>ior i*ibe jepceapc. 

jyenatS anb }>iopa6. 

he ]7one anpalbet$. 

paem jepelcleppum. 

peopvQb jepceafta. 

Nij* f nan punbop. 

he If pepoba Cob. 

cyninj anb Dpihten. 

cpucepa jehpelcep. 

aepelm "^ ppuma. 

eaUpa ^efcea]:ta. 

By the King's bidding it 
coraeth each year, 
Earth in the summer-time 
bringeth forth fruit, 
Sipens and dries for the soil- 
dwellers here 
The seed, and the sheaf, and 
the blade, and the root. 

Afterward rain cometh, hailing 
and snow. 
Winter-tide weather that 
wetteth the world. 
Hence the earth quickens the 
seeds that they grow 
And in the lenten-tide 
leaves are uncurl' d. 

So the Mild Maker for children 
of men 
Feeds in the earth each fruit 
to increase, 
Wielder of heaven ! He brings 
it forth then ; 
Nourishing God !— or makes 
it to cease. 

He, Highest GK>od, sits on His 
high seat, 
Self-feing of all, and reins 
This His wide handiwork, 
made, as is meet, 
His thane and HistheowHo 
serve and adore. 

That is no wonder, for He is 
the King, 
Lord God of Hosts, each 
living soul's awe, 

» Theow, a slave. 

y Google 



pyphta ;] f ceppenb. 
peopulbe ^ijje. 
fif bom anb ». 
6a]le^ ^ef oeapca. 
on baepenbo. 
hio nane ne fenba^. 
]78&t epc comaS. 
Elf he Fpa jejra&^f i^. 
ne ]Ta]>olabe. 
ealle ^efceapta.^ 
sB^hpylc hiopa. 
pjia^e tojrencce. 
peopj^an fceolben. 
a&^hjnlc hiopa. 
eidle to nauhte. 
feopj'an f ceolbon. 
ppaJSe coflopena. 
]7eah ]>a ane lupe. 
ealle ^ef ceapca. 
heoponef ;] eop]>an. 
h»bben ^emsene. 
]78&t hi ]7iopien. 
j^ilcum piob-ppuman. 
anb fa&^niatS f . 
hiopa fs&bep palbe^. 
nif f nan punbop. 
foppa&m puhta nan. 
»fpe ne meahte. 
elle]* punian. 
^ip hi eall m»jene. 
hiopa opb-ppuman* 
ne ]nopoben. 
]>eobne m»piiin. 


The source and the spring of 
each being and thing, 
All the world's maker, and 
wisdom, and law. 

Everything made, — on His er- 
rands thej go, 
None that He sendeth may 
ever turn back ; 
Had He not stablished and 
settled it so, 
All had been ruin and fallen 
to rack ; 

Even to nought would have 
come at the last : 
All that is made would have 
melted away : 
But both in heaven and earth, 
true and fast, 
All have one love such a 
Lord to obey. 

And are full fain that their 
Father should reign ; 
That is no wonder, for else 
should each thing 
Never have life, if they did not 
True to their Maker, man's 
glorious King. 

Omepuf p»f . 
eaft mib I^iecum. 
on fsem leobf cipe. 

• BoeL lib. V. metrum 2. — Puro clarum lumine Phoebsoi 

Melliflui canit oris Homeros, &c. 
> Cott ealfau ' Oott. S^rcepta. 



Homer among the Eastern 
Oreeks, was erst 


by Google 

TBB HIITBX8 OF B099fl€7S. 


leo]>a cpaeptgajT. 


Fpeonb 3 lapeof . 

f a&m ms&pan fceope. 

majiftpa becjT. 

Ppa&t fe Omepuf. 

OfC anb jelome. 

fa&pe funnan plite. 

rpiSe hepebe. 

©felo cpaejraf. 

opt anb jelome. 

leojmm -j fpellum. 

leobum peahce. 

ne maej hio feah gepcinan. 

f eah hio pie pcip ^ beophc. 

ahp3B]i5en neah. 

eaUe^ jepceapca. 

ne papfum fa jepceapta. 

fe hio jepcinan mae^. 

enbemep ne msej. 

ealle^ jeonblihcan. 

innan anb utan. 

Ac pe a&lmihteja. 

palbenb j pyphta. 

peopulbe jepceapca. 

hip ajen peopc. 

call jeonbphtetS. 

enbemep fuphpyhtJ. 

ealle^ ^epceapta. 

fiaet ip po poiSe. 

panne mib pibte be )i8&m. 

pe ma^on pii\2&xi. 

ppjlc butan leape. 

Pps&t ]7u mealit on^itan. 
Jip hip fe ^eman 1^. 
fset te miplice. 
maneja puhca. 
Jeonb eopfan papaS. 

The best of bards in all that 
country side ; 
And he was Virgil's friend and 
teacher first, 
To that great minstrel 
master well alh'ed. 
And Homer often greatly- 
praised the sun, 
Her high-born worth, her 
skilfulness most true ; 
Often by song and story many 
a one [praises due. 

He to the people sang her 
Tet can she not shine out, 
though clear and bright, 
Everywhere near to every- 
thing all-ways, 
Nor further, can she shed an 
equal light 
Inside and out on all that 
meet her rays. 
But the Almighty Lord of 
worldly things, 
"Wielder and Worker, 
brightly shines above 
Hia own good workmanship, 
and round all ilings 
An equal blaze of skilfulness 
and love ! 
That is the true Sun, whom we 

rightly may 
Sing without kasing as the 
Lord of Day. 



Yet more, thou roayst know, 

If it lists thee to mind, 
That many things go 
' Boet lib. y. metrnm 5.— Qaam variU terras aidmaliapermeant figaris, &c. 
1 Cott. vaDa. 

Digitized by 





habbatS blioh -j f»pbu. 


anb ma&j-pli^r- 

manejpa cynna.^ 

cuts anb uncutS. 

cpeopaS -} piicatS. 

eall hchoma. 

eop]>an ^eten^e. 

nabbafS hi a&t p^jixan pidnun. 

ne ma^on hi mib focum 

eop]7a]i bpucan. [jan^an. 

fpa him eaben p»f . 

fume potmn tpam. 

folban pet$))at$. 

fume fiep-pete. 

fume fleojenbe. 

pmbe'S unbep polcnum. 

61*5 ]>eah pubta jebpilc. 

onbmjen co hpufan. 

hmpa^ Of bune. 

on peopulb plitetJ. 

pilna'5 CO eop]>an. 

fume neb-]>eap]:e. 

fume neob-ppace. 

man ana 2;8&'5. 

metobef jefceqra. 

mib hif anbplitan. 

up on jepihce. 

GOib fjr If ^etacnob. 

J>8et hif tpeopa fceal. 

anb hif mob-jejionc. 

ma up ]H>nne ni]>ep. 

habban to heoponum. 

fy Isftf he hif hije penbe. 

ni)>ep j-pa )>a&p nyten. 

Nif* -f ^^ebapenlic. 

J)Kc fe mob-fepa. 

monna aeni^ef . 

ni})ep-healb pepe. 

anb ]78&t neb uppeapb. 

* Cott cynnu. 

Over earth in their kind 
Unlike to the view 
In shape as in hue. 

Known or unknown 

Some forms of them all 
On earth lying prone 

Must creep and must crawl ; 
By feathers help'd not 

Nor walking with feet. 
As it is their lot 

Earth they must eat. 
Two-footed these, 

Pour-footed those, 
Each one with ease 

Its going well-knows. 
Some flying high 
Under the sky. 

Yet to this earth 

Is everything bound. 
Bowed from its birth 

Down to the ground ; 
Looking on clay, 

And leaning to dust. 
Some as they may, 

And some as they must. 
Man alone goes 

Of all things upright, — 
"Whereby he shows 

That his mind and his might 
Ever should rise 
Up to the skies. 

Unless like the beast 

His mind is intent 
Downwards to feast, — 

It cannot be meant 
That any man 

So far should sink ^ 
Upwards to scan 

X at — downwards to think ! 
2 Cott. Ir. 

y Google 


Note 1, p. viiu— -"^Ifpeb Kumns p»r pealhftob ^ij^e bee." " King 
Alfred was translator of this book." — Although this preface is written in 
the third person, yet there is no doubt that Alfred himself was the writer, 
for he explains his method of translating, alludes to "the various and 
manifold occupations which often busied him both in mind and body," 
beseeches the reader to " pray for him, and not to blame him if he should 
more righdy understand it than he could ;" and finally, offers the apology 
that " every man must, according to the measure of his understanding, 
and according to his leisure, speak that which he speaks, and do that 
which he does." The style of this preface is very similar to the one which 
Alfred prefixed to his version of Pope Gregory^s Pastoral, and also to that 
which he prefixed to the Anglo-Saxon version of Pope Gregory's Dialogues, 
which was written, under his dkection, by Werefrith, Bishop of Worcester. 

Note 2, p. 2, 1. 2.—" Rgebsota anb Callepica." — ^The invasions of 
Badagaisus and Alaric took place early in the fifth century, and, after 
many years of desolating wars, Theodoric, an Ostrogoth, said to be the 
fourteenth in lineal descent of the royal line of Amala, acquired possession 
of Rome. Theodoric was a Christian, but had been educated in the tenets 
of Arius. For many years he gave the fullest toleration to the profession 
of the Catholic Faith, and went so far as to behead one of his officers for 
becoming an Arian, saying, ^* If thou couldst not continue true to thy God, 
how canst thou prove faithful to me who am but a man ?" At length, 
however, apprehending danger to his throne, and suspecting the Catholics 
to be in league with his enemies, he withheld the toleration he had 
granted, and became a persecutor of the orthodox faith. The oppressions 
which he beheld, roused the patriotism of Boethius, a noble Roman, distin- 
guished for his many and varied accomplishments. He entered into a coi^ 
respondence with the Emperor Justin, at Constantinople, and this being 
discovered, Theodoric caused him to be imprisoned in Ticinum, and while 
there, he composed this treatise. 

Note 8, p. 2, 1. 8.— Literally, " that they might be worthy of their 
ancient rights ;" " heopa ealbiuhta py)ij»e beon." — It may here be ob- 
served that the compound words which occur so frequently in Anglo-Saxon 
are, for the most part, compounded from substantives and adjectives. The 
adjective is frequently found in composition with its substantive, and 
remains uninflected through all its cases. Thus the adjective ** ealb," in 
composition with the substantive "piht/* makes "ealbpihea," and 
"ealbpihtum" in the genitive and dative and ablative plural; and in 

2 A 

Digitized by 


354 KOTES. 

composition yrith the Bubstantiye ** hlajropb," makes ** ealbhlajropb," and 
i* ealbhlajropbum" in the dative and ablative ploraL Two substantives 
are often compounded, the first having an adjective power. Thus "po|iulb" 
compounded with the substantives " )>eap" and " f»l^," respectively 
makes ** populb ]>ea]mm^* and " populb f»l)>um" in the dative and ablative 
plural. This kind of composition is not limited to two words. The com- 
pound " ealb-hlapopb," considered as one word, may again be com- 
pounded, as in the present chapter, with tte substantive "cyn." The 
latter word " cyn" only is then subject to inflection, "ealb" and " hlajropb" 
remaining invariable. Accordingly we find " ealb-lilajropb-cyiine]*" in 
the genitive singular ; and a similar inflection will be found in many other 

Note 4, p. 2f 1. 11. — John, the first Pope who bore that name, was sent 
on an embassy by Theodoric to the Emperor Justfai, at Oonstaatinople, 
and on his return, Theodoric confined him in a dvngeon at Bavenaa, wltere 
be died of want. 

• Note 5, p. 2, L 20.— "«enbe Jm bisdhce sspenbgepfncu.* "I9fe fhere- 
fore privately sent letters.*— The verb 6enbe is here used witlnmt a 
nominativB case being expressed, which, however, is to be vndentood, and 
fidvght for in tiie pimding sentence. 

l^ote 6, p. 4, 1. 12.-+" SewjbOTtt/*— -la wvend parts of Ais work Oe 
reader wiR meet with mconsistencies^Yesidtuig from the grammaetical acci- 
dent of gender. In Anglo-Saxon many substanlaves are neuter, IniC the 
far greater number, thoi^h deaoting objects uncBstinguieAied "by aez, are 
oon&ered, grammaticaSy, as either maseoline or feminine. These fistioc- 
tions are for Cht most part regnlated by terminations, but are occadonaDy 
arbitrary. As a rule, woris ending in a are masculine, and those ending 
in e are feminine; thus CDona, the moon, is mascnliiie-; and dntme, the 
sun, is feminine ; wlule pif, wife, or woman, is neuter, fn 6ie Latin 
version of Boethhis, Philosophy is described as a female, -&e word Fhito- 
sopSna l^eing grammatically of the feminine gender, but Alfred generally 
translates it by jtifbom, whicli is invarii&ly mascnlisie. Hence we find 
him applying mascufine artides, pronouns and a^ectives, to ptrbona, who 
is perhaps in the same page described as the f ofiseyi mobop of Boefliiiis. 
In a few places grilosophjb^ is rendered "bv hGierceabmper, Beasen, and is 
then feminine. Tft'THW TOrtance, c . iii. yy^ the words ytftom and 
XtfTceafopi^y ^ re used conjtmrtly to dtiSlgftaU Philosophy, wit3h a vert) in 
the plural number ; and yet the author immediately reverts to the ^ngnbo, 
and says, f^ onsctn he ep: fppecan ^ cpts'S.— Although fhe ^Bilogiie 
should properly be carried on between Fhilosophy and^. BoefSnas, yet 
Alfred frequently makes **^s!R mind" — i.e. the mind of BetAiAm-^tntui 
the interlocutors, instead of Boethins liimBelf ; and CDob, the ndiid, is a 
substantive of the neuter gender. 

Note 7, p. 7, 1. 2».— This opiniion of Plato was powerfofly enforced by 
him in his dkdogne De Republic^; and it is a tncth which wiB find an 
echo in every well ^ ffdered n^d» 

Note 6, p. 10, L IS.— tOie Cottonian MB., wMch has "been 'wrmdof dly 
restored by fhe gentlemen mentioned in the preface, commences witii Hm 
word **tmcl£enan;" the preceding portion being too much injured to be 
dedphered. 'Hie variationB in the readings of the Cottoniah MS., wUeb 

Digitized by 


^laeax iefi^n this wovd, were ^bsenned tgr Jsu^ bnUne the MS. wag in<- 
jaged by fire, und are gireB «ii ]il« ftoUxorily ; «]1 tb« Mibseqinent ones are 
the result of the editor'* own eolktion. 

17«to 9, p. 2d, 1. l«.-^TUi wae <>iGeeBa, Soag «f L743ia, who, hayinfi^ been 
tekten caiilfcive b}* OyruB, King «f Penis ••d plaioed on a |ttle to he burned, 
is said to hare been nielirered ipom his drngex bj « shower of raix>, whi(^ 
ApoUo eent et his earnest eatreatf.— Herod, i. 87. 

Hote 16, p. 2«, J. U^^TIm «ha|i(er «ads abm^j, and i§ ivrideaHy in- 

Note 11^ p. 36, 1. 22.-— "Fe|4>ai» -Se Lpaft eapbalS on >»pe bene 
cahnc(biMn«." '' For Cbnst 4m^ Jo the vale of h«]niUty.'*_Whatever 
aUttSMoa to the ChriellaB raHgien 'OGcni: in this voiIe, are introduced by 

Kote 12, p. 47, 1. 82. — Cantahit vvcimu -eorajn latroae Tiator.^^uy. 
Sat X. 22. 

Npie 13^ p. |»2, I UU-Kteg AJIred. evidently mistook the q>ithet 
** f ahniniw" ior a priper aaaM. The iodiridQal aUnded to was probably 
jAnaxarchna, » philoeepher of Abdera. Nioacrean, King of Salamia, in 
Cyprus, having been offended by the philosopher's Ireedom, caused him to 
be cruelly tormented; and when «t length the tyrant, finding he could not 
subdue the spirit of his victim, threatened to cut off his tongue, Anazarchus 
b«tii;«ff, andspklti«CDt^etjva«t*sfaee.--Cic.inTaae.ii.2L 

Kete 14, p. 68, 1. a«.-~Bu8b!ia, STing ti SgTft, aMd to hare been the son 
^ Neptune, and akogeUier a iBythftcal penonage, aaesifieed te /apiter all 
atra&gen whon lie eoald edae ; aod whea Heroales Tiailed £gypt, Basiris 
caused him te be bound and laid apon the altar. Heaoolei^ however, soon 
disentangled himself, and sacrificed the tjxaat and las aoa an the altar, 
wlieae he had siala his t^iodou. The whole etateaunt, hawarer, is eontra- 
<Beted by Heredetes. 

Note 15, p. $9, 1 99.— Begakis was a Bomaa aeoanl daiteg the iiat 
Panic war, aad, alter gaSafaig several victories ovor the CarthagJaiaas, 
was at length overcome by Xanthippus, and taken prlaeaer. Ha was seat 
te Eome b^ the Oarthaginiaas to eoe lor peaee, bat ao far was he f aesa de- 
fliriag peace, that he exiwrted hie ■csaatiyBMa to p e isa t aw in die war, as 
it would ^gveatly for their adFantagej aad an hiB salam to CartlMge he 
was eradMy put to 4cath. 

Note 1«, p. &8, 1. 2>« — ^t yf^. I^li^K^lf , «aiL-*^erhape no word in 
iJie Anglo-Saxon laagaage is used ia a greater rarietf of aenses. It denotes 
art, trade, pijofession, oraetiee, enpAoyment, weriuaaasUp, Aj^ talent, 
i^ffity, newerl stegijpth. faeidty, vtitae, exesillenee, endowmeai^ and many 
omr good qu^ftiee^ and It is alao aaed, though tasdf*' la a bad aaaM, for 
cunning, contrivaaae, artiAee. 

Note 17, p. 62, 1. t2. — Heojia rppmc if ^oibsBleb 4>a t^ t hunb 
feofuaa^ Their laagaage Is divided iate aeacaty^ua.— This aaknlation 
ef the anmber of languages oeeursagaiaiac. Kxzr. $4. It is alto men- 
cloned by JSBMrk,' De Vest Tot ; aad tlM paasage is thus tiansifltiftd by 
UOei ^Now the history telleth as eooesrakig Nae's posterity, that his 
aoBS begot seaeaty and two eoaa, who began to baid that woadetf uU oitie 
aad hi^ tower, which in their faelieh haagmatiee aluadd leaeh up to 
lieauen. But God himsetfe^amethemte, aad behaldihearwioiJke, aad gave 


Digitized by 


856 F0TE8. 

them eveiy one a sundry langnage, that they nndentood not each other 
what they said : so they quickly surceased the building ; and then vent 
they to sundry forrein lands, with as many languages as leaders." 

Note 18, p. 64, 1. 8.— Cicero shows in his " Somnium Sdpionis" that the 
Bomans occupied a comparatively small part of the eartli, and that, there- 
fore, the gloiy of the Roman name was very limited in its extent. 

Note 19, p. 64, 1. 16.—** >e Se >»p ymbe rpmea^." " Which ye labour 
about** — ** J'vpi'' ** there,** is firequently redundant in Anglo-Saxon as in 
modem English. 

Note 20, p. 66, 1. 7.—** ten )>iifenb pintpa.** ** Ten thousand winters." 
— ^Northern nations reckon their years by winters, and the shorter divisions 
of time by nights. The latter mode of computation is still very common 
,. in this country, as, instead of seven days, we say ** 8^W^^*' and, in- 
p stead of fourteen days, we say ** a fortnight." -— — -^ 

Note 21, p. 68, 1. 84. — ^Hor. Carm. lib. i. carm. 4. 

Note 22, p. 70, 1. 1. — " ]>p»t> fint nn >ssf po|ieiiu»pan anb hs^pifan 
SolbjmitSer ban pelonbef .** " What are now the bones of the celebrated 
and the wise goldsmith, Weland?" — This passage is grounded on the 
following remark of Boethius, 

** IJbi nunc fidelis ossa Fabridi jacent ?" 

In c. xvi. § 2, Alfred mistook an epithet for a proper name, and here, in- 
stead of mentioning the name of Fabridus, the opponent of Pyrrhus, he 
seems to have been led by a singular assodation of ideas to substitute that 
of Wdand, the Vulcan of northern mythology. Although ther» is a re- 
markable change of persons, the argument to prove the worthlessness of 
earthly reputation is not affiected by it 

Note 23, p. 70, L 7. — ** 8e apnba Rompapa hqietosa, ye psef hacan 
Bpntuf , oVpe naman naffiuf ." " The patriotic consul of the Romans, 
who was called Brutus, by another name Cassius."— This is a very singu- 
lar mistake of Alfred's. Brutus and Cassius are here confoanded, and con- 
sidered as one person ! 

Note 24, p. 72, L 6.—** n'* J*»r V"^r ff^" " ^ *^e wind's storm.*' 
— For this reading we are indebted to Mr. Cardale; the reading in the 
Cottonian MS. being n'a )>»p pinbef >yf , and in the Bodldan yym ]>ep 
pinbef Jyyr ; both of which are evidently erroneous, and there cannot be a 
doubt that Mr. Cardale has happily restored the original reading. 

Note 26, p. 72, 1. 6. — **8typins," which is here rendered ** experience," 
means a stirring, or agitation, or any kind of tumult 

Note 26, p. 76, 1. 82.— "8pi)>e fpett tx> bealcetenne,** wluch is here 
translated ** very pleasant to the stomach," could not be rendered more 
literal in English, the expression being **dulci8 eructando." 

Note 27, p. 80, L 10.— t iT >onne Lob. That is, then, God.— The 
Latin of Boethius is. Id autem est bonum. That God is the supreme good 
is not formally stated by Boethius until after a long train of reasoning, 
which is followed by his address to the Ddty. , It tot* occurs in the part 
of lib. iit prosa 10, which corresponds with c s^xxiv. § 2, of the present 
work. But in this, and some other passages, the construction shows that 
Alfred meant to put God, instead of good. In Anglo-Saxon the word sob 
denotes both God and good, so that there can be no other guide to its 
meaning, independently of the context, than the introduction of a capital 

d by Google 

NOTES. 357 

letter. It may be remarked, however, that in the Cottonian MS. of this 
work, the adjective ^ob is generally spelt Soob. 

Note 28, p. 82, line 2.— opbttljie ; more prone. >-The Bodleian MS. 
gives o]^»lpe, and the Cottonian gives o]:t^»lpe, as the reading of this 
word ; but these being unintelligible, Junius proposed to substitute 
ojrbseljie, in which he was followed by Mr. Canlale, and the Editor's 
opinion coincides with their view.— See Rawlinson's Boethius, p. 167. 

Note 29, p. 86, 1. 4.— oJ>ep is substituted by Mr. Cardale for heopa, and 
makes the passage clearer. 

Note 80, p. 90, 1. 4. — m»tee is here used impersonally, and reflectively : 
literally, as if it dream you. 

Note 31, p. 90, 1. 24. — Da anb]^pobe Boetiuf. Then answered 
Boethius.— Alfred occasionally forgets that he is writing in the character 
of Boethius, and names him in the third person. 

Note 82, p. 92, 1. 34.— hinspiSe i>yvT^ cale.— These verbs 

are all in the angular number, and are used impersonally — ^a circumstance 
which frequently occurs in Anglo-Saxon. 

Note 83, p. 96, 1. 6. — fe Eainiluf jmy hejietoSa on Rome. Catulus 
was a consul in Rome. — Catulus was a Roman consul, but it was Catullus, 
the poet, who was indignant that Nonius should sit in a chair of state. The 
two are here confounded. 

Note 34, p. 102, 1. 28. — This refers to Damocles and Dionysius, the 
tyrant of Sidly. 

Note 35, p. 104, 1. 19.— Seneca, who is called the " foster-father" of 
Nero, had the misfortune to be appointed tutor to that cruel tyrant ; and 
having incurred the displeasure of his former pupil, he was put to death by 
bleeding, which was accelerated by a bath. 

Note 36, p. 104, 1. 24. — Papinian, the celebrated jurist, was a prefect 
under the Emperor Severus, and it is said that the emperor, on his death, 
commended his two sons, Antoninus Caracalla and Geta, to the care of 
Papinian. But soon after his father's death, Caracalla dismissed Papinian 
from his office, murdered his brother Geta, and then gave orders for the 
execution of his former guardian, which was shortly afterwards carried 
into effect. Boethius could scarcely have selected two more fitting 
examples for illustrating his argument. 

Note 37, p. 106, 1. 23.— Thyle. Tbule.— An island in the German 
Ocean, which, firom its great distance from the continent of Europe, received 
from the ancients the epithet of " ultima." Its situation was never ascer- 
tained ; and there are still different opinions about it. Some suppose that 
it was the island now called Iceland, or else part of Greenland ; while 
others consider it to be the Shetland Isles. 

Note 38, p. 106, 1. 81.— "jTun rceop;" "a certain poet."— This was 
Euripides ; and the passage alluded to is Andromacha, 1. 320, Ed. Matth. 

Note 89, p. 110, 1. 16. — ^un»)>elne ; unnoble. — It was necelsary to coin 
a word to express the meaning of the original. Ignoble would convey a 
very false idea of what is meant by un»)>el, both in this and many other 

Note 40, p. 112, 1. 15. — (Edipus is here alluded to, who, in ignorance, 
is said to have slain his father Laius, Eling of Thebes. 

Note 41, p. 130, 1. 18. — opcuman is evidently a contraction of 
ojrepcuman, to overcome, like o*ercome in English. 

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8t6 Kon«* 

l^t« 42, p. lit, t «e.'-«^iiirt; it hera ««d foe b^Mft^ 
Note 43, p. 142, 1. 17.— ]>ei^ i* kuv Mid for juiyjlf. 
Koto 44, p. i4fl,L $.'-'-f»ho»phtoef^mj^pmjaukTCimaAf»imfmfi 
nor to mCBMic, Ac'-^Tkifl, wkkh io tbe Mudteg w tho Bodloi«i MS^ i» 
eridoDtly a mtntoiwi, ad mfortttnalohf Unoo lo no other M&. to eorrect U, 
iamaadi m thoio potflioBo of BoetUaa whkb aio metrical are eatiioly dif- 
ferent ia tho Bodh lM l and Cottoniaa US&, Tha BodWiaft oohUim tho 
motrea lii a pioaaie loni, aad tho GottoniaB kaa Iten In vine. £,Tkon- 
son, Esq., has kindly suggested to the Editor thai kmf mj^ mtf sboold be 
]>wdftmfmef, or ratbor >0(Oft»piicr, dackMit; aad thia alteratioii ia in 
some measure oonfinned by the parallel passago fai tha matiical voBiioii, 

Inmiie pik ho ree8*% 

>»t wipe fimiUMa jriA^ 

b«a|ihtncr )ao);t)i% 



There can, therefbre, be no Impropriety in thus lOleriDg the reading of fiie 
Bod. MS., and substituting for it a word which, irhile it gives doarness to 
the passage, is in harmony with the Cott. M9. 

Note 46, p. 160, 1. 22. — ^The word " he" is redundant here, and makes 
tiohhi^e have the force of a reflective verb ; a mode of expression very 
common in this work. It may here be remarked, that there are many 
redundancies which did not seem to require any remark in the notes. 

Note 46, p. 162, 1. 4.— Ic pat, &c.— The fable of the gfants and the Ms* 
tory of the Tower of Babel are introduced by Alftod in consequence €# a 
passing allusion in Boethius ; and it may be noticed how carefnny Alfred 
guards against making a direct assertion with regard to these fabulous 
histories, by employing the expression, ** yceolbe beon." 

Note 47, p. 162, 1. 20.— Deipa. Dura.— Daniel, c. iii. 1. 

Note 48, p. 166, 1. 8. — Papmenibef. Parmenides.— Parmenidea was a 
Greek phUosopher, and flourished about the same time as Socrates; and, 
like other philosophers of that period, expressed his opinions in verse. 
The poem ftom which the quotation is made is entitled, ''On Nature." 

Note 49, p. 166, 1. 18.— f »f pi]*an Flatonef lapa furna. — The passage 
here alluded to was the remark made by Plato in his Tim«us, viz. that 
discourses, in those matters of which they are the interpreters, should 
always have a certain relationship to the subject. 

Note 50, p. 170, L 3. — ^Tytief. — ^The reading of this word is evidently 
different in the Cott. MS., but from the illegible state of this part of the 
MS. it is impossible to say what the reading is. 

Noto 61, p. 184, 1. 18.— re Platonef cpibe.— The saying of Plato, to 
which referefce is made, is in his " Gorgias and Alcibiades,*' b. i. 

Note ^2, p. 194, 1. 4. — Ulysses is called by Boethius, Neritius dux, this 
name being derived from Neritos, a mountain in Ithaca. Alfred evidently 
mistook his author's meaning, and considered Retia, or Neritia, as a 
distinct country, over which Ulysses ruled. 

Note 63, p. 194, 1. 11.— penbel ya ; the Wendel Sea.— This was either 
the whole of the Mediterranean Sea, or that part of it which is called the 
Adriatic. — See Alfred's Orosius, b. i. c. i. 

Digitized by 


jTcrrBs. 359 

Hot* 64j PL IHf L Sij-^-Bome hi fmbom j» hio fnolbe lafTccofipMi 
«o leoA. *;) IbiBie feo foeolbc pppecBB, Jkmuw jrabc faie«. S«aw, thflj 
aaidy 8be--t.e. Giom^ihoald tnoufiinB; t» KoBi;, "aad wImm <A«sp shmM 
speak, then they roafled.>^»4iteiidly, so«« tkcgr add she diMiki tnmfbrm 
ittto a Hfln, and wfaos «]M aboaM af^odr Cben slit xoared. iSfte^ af <o«ne, 
reSum to Icon^ wiacb n a femiaiM neirn to ABglo-Sazini. 

Nets 55^ p^, 22Sd, L 27.— 8pa pp* •>> F«er eaxe hrp«K|ifa> >a I^mI. 
As on the axle-tree of a waggon the wheel tiirns.-<-The whole of this 
section is King Alfred's original production. The aimila of the wheel is, 
perhaps, pursued rather too far» and occasionally ia not very intelligible ; 
bypj>, which occurs a few words after, is for bejiet?. 

Note 5€, p. 229, 1. W.-^Ste Psahn xrir. 9 ; Keep rae as the apple of an 

Note 67, p. 236, 1. 17.— In the Cott. MS., after Da cp»« he, «he foflow- 
mg wofAs are ktsertsd, ** en^ hrtJ yoofc jJ te nyt? brtf. >a cy«&'8 ic *)> if fa's. 
>a cptbH he.** fto^ £«. Haring cbiefty followed the BocEteian text, it did 
not appear fleeesaary to disturb that arrangement by incorporating these 
worAs in the text of thiis e<fitK>n. 

Note 58, p. 242, 1. 2.— See Arfistoirifs Physfca, Kb. ii. c. r. 

Note 59, p. 244, 1. 6. — The passage aRnded to appears te be hi Iliad ill. 
1. 277: 

'HcXtor 6\ ts irapT €t[>opasj koX vairr^hratKovets. 

Note 50i, p. 246, L 2&.-->Ci«ro was named Marcos Tultins Cieero. See 
ala» c. xriiL $ 2. 

Note ei, p. 24», \. S. — In the Cott. MS. the following woids ar^inserted 
after j-pfwcoo, before pit:: ^ >a cpe&IS ic hfcet; hfl»bbe ic foju^SKeu Wef H 
pit sBp rpjMBcea. )m cp^ he." pm, &e. For the reason bofbve glTvny in 
note 57, they are Mot ineorporated in the present text. 

Note 62, p. 252, 1. 20.<~S^r a»&Si^ is rendered *< iBtelligQBce," in coa- 
formity with the Latin. By ktelligentia^ BoetMos meant the highest 
degree of knowledge. 

Note S9, p. 256v 1. 15.--By the expreswon " prone cattle," which is the 
translation of *^ bpojia nytxnn," those animals are meant which have their 
faces turned towards the ground. 

Note 64, p. 266, k 1, c. xlii.— ¥op J>y pe fceolbon, &c. "Therefore we 
ought," &c. — ^This, which is the last chapter of King Alfred's translation 
of Boetfaiiis, and which Is very interestHig, ^is almost entirely the royal 
author's own. 

Note 65, p. 260, 1. 1 — Dpihtem nlmihti^a Cob, &e. *^0 Lord God, 
Almighty," &c. — ^This prayer, which is added at the end of the Bodleian 
MS. in a later hand, was not appended to the Cottonian MS. 

Note 66, p. 263, 1. 1, — Duf -^Ij^ieb uf. — ^This introduction, which was 
prefixed to the Cottonian MS., was scarcely the production of King Alfred 
himself, although it is an additional proof, if any were wanting, that he 
was the translator of Boethius, and the author of the metrical version. 
What is usually called the prose version of Boethius, contains the metres, 
but the translation is not in verse, although from the nature of the subject 
it nearly approaches poetry. King Alfred, it is supposed, wrote the prose 
when harassed with those "various and manifold worldly occupations 
which often busied him both in mind and in body," of which he so feel- 

Digitized by 


d60 2rOTB8. 

inglyoomplaiiiB; and when he had OTercome the difficalties which beset 
him, he reduoed the translation of the metres to that form in which they 
have been handed down to ne, being at once a monament of royal indostzy, 
And a pnre specimen of the poetry of the Ang^o-Saxoos. 

Note 67, p. 264. — ^Hetre I. — ^What is here termed Metre L is rather an 
original introdnction of King Alfred to the subsequent poem. The work of 
Boethins commences with a metre zeUtiye to his misfortunes, without 
alludiog to the cause of them : 

" Carmine qui quondam studio florente peregi, 
Mebilis, heu, mnstos cogor inire modos.** 

As the whole of the Anglo-Saxon metres are too paraphrastic to be strictly 
called translations, it appears to be the simplest arrangement to number 
them from this. 

Note 68, p. 264, 1. 25. — Linb-piSenbe. — literially, fighting under shields 
made of the linden, or lime-tree. Linb in its primary signification is the 
linden, or lime-tree, TUia arbor; and in its secondary, or metaphorical 
sense, it is a standard, or banner, as well as a shidd. A similar meta- 
phorical use is made of the word jp^ an ash-tree. It often signifies a 
spear or javelin; ».e. a weapon made ol ash. 

Note 69, p. 270, 1. 1. — ^iBala )>u f cippenb. — ^This metre, which contains 
an address to the Dsity, is a happy production of King Alfred*8 muse. 
With regard to Mr. Tumer*s observation, that King Alfred's prose transla- 
tion of the metres of Boethius has more inteHectual energy Uian his verse^ 
it may be remarked, that thb is not singular. We usually find much 
^n^eater energy in blank ^^erse than in poetry, which is fettered with 
rhyme. This may be exemplified by taking one of the poems ascribed to 
Ossian, and reducing it to the regular laws of verse. Mr. Turner, however, 
does justice to our author, by saying, *^ There is an infusion of moral mind 
and a graceful ease of diction in the writings of Alfred, which we shall 
look for in vain to the same degree and effect among the other remains of 
Anglo-Saxon poetry." — History of the Anglo-Saxons, b. v. ch. iv. 

Note 70, p. 807, 1. 1. — Cala mm Dpihten. — ^This metre contains an- 
other address to the Deity, which, like the former one, is extremely beau- 
tiful. The Latin metre, beginning, qui perpetu& mundum ratione 
gubemas, is so amplified, that the Anglo-Saxon version of it may be con- 
sidered an original composition. 

Note 71, p. 848, 1. 4. — »p bomef bnjsis ; before dome's day. — ^Dome's 
day signifies the day of judgment: being derived from beman, to judge. 
From hence also is derived our English verb, to deem, t.e. to form a judg- 
ment or opinion. 

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it, ever 

Tdbdsan, to offend 

Xbepan, to bear 

?Cbe)>eaan, to find hidden 

Xbibbau, to pray 

^ibitan, to bite, to devour 

SCblenb, blinded 

7n)lenban, to blind 

TCbpecan, to break, to spoil, to take 

by storm 
TSb^ebian, to remove, to open 

^^^1 to prepossess, to occupy 

SCcelan, to cool 

Xcennan, to bring forth, to beget ; 

iCcennebnef , birth 
S'efunS) an asking, a question 
Xcprlan, to die 

SCbimmian, to make dim, to darken 

^Sbl, a disease 

TCbon, to take away, to banish 

TCbpencan, to drown 

TCbpeosan ') 

Sbpeohan > to endure, to tolerate 

Xbpiohan J 

^[l^pan, to drive away, to drive 

XbpKfcan, to quench, to dispel 

^, law 

jEa, a river, water 

^cep, a field 
^bpe, a vein 
JEbfcetLftiy a new creation 
Myea, the evening, even 
^)%n-fteoppa, the evening star 
^pen-tibe, the evening 
JEiyejtf ever 
Mp^ again 
^pcep, after 
^Ftqi-sens>^ a snooessor 
JKytepjiti, second 
^jrtep-n>ypian, to examine, to in- 

quire after 
MfpetLpbnef, absence 
^, an egg 
.^hp»)>ep, both 
JE'SJiyibeji, on every side 
.^liponoii, everyway, everywhere 
Mgj^ji, either, both, each 
^he, property, possessions 
.^c, each 

JElcpssftiS, all skilful 
JBlens, long ; To aslense, too long 

^Imq*, alms 
wSUmihtiS'^ the Almight^r 
JStoBp, good, sound, perfect 
.^>eobe, a foreigner 
JEl^eobiSf foreign 

Mae, once 

Digitized by VjOOQ iC 



MnbemefCt eqnallj 

n^^ [ only, excellent, aingalar 

honour, wealth 

Kn J 

^p» ere, ever, before 

JEpenb, an errand 

^penb-seppic, a letter, a mMaafe 

Mpeft, first 

^pleft, S'pleajt, iniquity, impiety 

^p-mopS^iif early morning 

JEpnepeSf a course 

JGpnms, a running 

JGp-tibe, timely 

JGfppms, a fountain 

^M, noble 

^)>elcunbnef9 noU«ic»' 

M\>ehaigy a prtece, a miMiiitM 

^>elo, nobilitjt naftiva cooatiy 

^tne, Etna 

^tpican, ta twit,, to refRroadft 

^pelm, a fountain 

'Xjmptoky to make afraid 

TCpepeb, afraid 

3!]:»]*tnian, to iz 

3!]:anbian, to discover, to tzp«ieiic0 

3!]:eban, to feed, to lastruct 

Sjreoppian "^ 

^Ipeppaa f to take away, ta put 

3!pppan I away, to depart 

SjTpan ) 

Syeprcean, to become fresh 

Xjylan, to defila 

^jryppan, to romave to a dis^awas 

^an, to own, to i 

^S^lan, to hinddr 

g^°j one's own 

Simian, to appropviate 
S^yjran, to give back 
THiebban, to raise 
3!ht-auht, aught, anythmg 
Shpap f 

3!hponan > anywhere, anywise 
ffpep i 

Xhp»psen, everywhere 
^pep]reb, turned 
^poppen, see Dpeoppin 
TOabian, to make excuse for 
7a»ban, to lead away, to mislead 
3n»tan, to let go, to lose, to relinquish 
THbop, a chief 

TQecsan, to lay aside, to retract, to 

TDeojaa, to tell lies 

^efenb, a Redeemer 

TOlunsa, altogether 

Xlpealba, the Omnipotent 

TQyran, to set free 

TQyftan, to desire 

TCmbeht^ a service 

^!mepian, to prove 

TTmetan, to mete owt, to mearara 

3!meppan, to hinder, to mislead, to 

distract, ta canmpt 
3'n, one 

3!nw)>elan, to diakonoiUy to degrade 
Xnbib, waiting 
3'nbinban, to unbind 
^noop, aA anchor 
TCnba, envy, enmity, revenge 
^nbepi,. meaaurtr proportion 
Xnbettan, to confess 

Snb^t Jsenseormeaning undtr- 
!SDCtt; > ^^*"^*°& nitelhgence 
Trnbsetjrull, discerning 
SnbsitpduUce, deady 
XnblanSt along 
Xnbkjrene, food 
ffnbpyjTi, respectable 
TTnbf aciStfi, to deny 

TTnbpe^^ present 

TCnbpkt, form 

TTnbpkta, the countenance 

^njrealb, onefold, simple, singly 

^jrealbnef, oneness, unity 

Digitized by 


'XnjojiltttBii, to lose^ to iBradie^ to 

TPnSehc, like 
^n^m, a begiimii^ 
TPnsmnan, to begin 
Xnhealban, to obaom, to koop 
ainhebbaa, toliliiq^ 
'XnhCj a^ome, only 
TPnlicnef, fona, 

TCnnef , ooaBtn, writ j 
^nj-cunian, to shun 
^nf enban, to send 
TCnf ettan, to impose 
Tinpn, a view 
TCnunsa, at once 

Kayaiban, to rale 

TCnpalbeS, powerful 
Snpealba» a ge^evaor 
S^npillice, otetinately 
^npunian, to dweU alone 

7Pp»bfin > to search out, to diMOfvr, 
TCpebijui ) to coBJeeture 
7Cp»}:nan, to bear, to sostais 
TTpeccan, to declare, to eaqilain 
TTpetan, to ddight 
3!p}:apan, to depart 
TTpian, to honour 
Spleafnef , impiety 
Sphce, honourably 
Sppyp^, venetable, 


^ppyp)>a, a venerable jMrsoii 
TCppJTi'Snej', honour, dignity 
TCfapan, to sow 
Spcian, to ask 

TTf cipan, to sepatato, to be safe 
7S!fcoptian, to shorten, to beeome 

3'f cupan, to repel 
TTf CUDS) an askings an inquiry 


deaerviDg of 

TTfinsan, to sing 
3!|*lupan, to slip away 
TTfmeasan, to inquire 
TTrppinsan, to bnak, ^rwpriagmit 
Sypyhsan, to wash 
^rpypi^D* to seek, to «plon: 
i^iytipcian, to ext«miBot» 
3!ftisan, to ascend 

^rtypian, to 8tir» to moYC, to agitaii 

TCjTa, an ass 

^^'peotole, clearly 

^i^nban, to OMrrato, to peridi 

'Sjjjobjaatk, to separate 

TDselan, to reckon, to count 

^^nuan, to mako tame 

:S!teon, to attract, to draw, to aBara 

!?r5, an oath 

T^nmOf to extend 

^S>eojt:pian ) to beoorae daiit, to 

7S}>y|4^an ) obfloaia 

?^fical»o, to wasay to wewy 

3!>y, therefore 

i&nhte, intent npoa, attraetod to 

S^oo-or, to draw oat 

^[^cpeiiblob, rolled 

TCoht, aught 

!Sa^, either 

TCpeccan, to awaken, to exeiie 

Xpcgaa, to move away, to tarn 

aside, to agitate 
Spenban, to turn aside 
Xpeojipan, to cast away, to degfado 
Spep, anywhere 
TTpinban, to strip off 
Xprnnao, to eoutend 
7Cpi])Seb, execrable 
TTppitan, to write oat 
TCpypcan, to do 
XpyjKCpalian, to root out 
3!xe, ashes 


Btetan, to bxidlo 

Bale, a heap 

Balo, wicked 

Bam, dative of Ba, to both 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



Ban, a bone 
Bap, ban 
Be, by 

Beabu-pinc, a adldier 
Beas, a crown 
Bealcecan, toenict 
Beam, a beam, a tree 
Beapn, a child 
Beapnleft, childlefls 
Beatan, to beat 

J^J^*" 1 to command, to bid, to 

Biobon J ^^"^ 
Bebob, a commandment 

2^^ a book; also Bee, pL books 

Bec-Lebene, Latin 

Becnan, to denote 

Beqieopan, to creep 

Becuman, to happen, to befal, to 

come to, to enter 
Becyppan, to torn 
Bcb»lan, to divide, to depriye, to be 

Bqpsftan, to commit 
Be^n, to catch hold of, to indode 
Be]»pan, before 
Besaii, to follow 

B^can, to beget, to get, to obtain 
Bcsons, a coarse 
Behealban, to behold, to observe, to 

Beheapan, to cut off 
Bdiepi, necessaiy 
Behdian, to cover, to conceal 
Behinban, behind 
Behopan, to behove, to render fit or 

Behpepjran, to torn, to prepare 
Bdicsan, to surround 
Behmpan, to belong to, to appertain 
Belucan, to lock up 
Ben»man, to deprive 
Benusan, to enjoy. 
Beny^an, beneath 
Beo, a bee 
Beon, to be 

Beopn, a man 

Beophc, bright 

Beophtsnef , brightness 

Beppenan, to iHnk 

Bepan, to bear; p. p. sebo]»en 

Bc]UBban, to rid from 

Bepeapan ) to bereave, to deprive, 

Bepyjtm \ to strip 

Btfxjhaat, to look upon 

B^-eoD, to look about, to look upon 

Bcf hpan, to impose, to put upon 

Bejmitan, to pollute, to defile 

B^x»ps, dear, beloved 

Bertypmian, to agitate 

Bei-picBD, to deceive, to betray 

Bej^nmman, to swim about 

Bee, better 

Bedua, to improve 


BennSt a cable 

Berpuns, amendment 

BetTC, best 


Bet^mh > betwixt, between, among 

Betjmz J 

Beheapfan, to need, to want 

B^pian, to guard, to defend 

B^w^an, to cover 

BepKS'U^^ui, surrounded 

B^alpian, to wallow 

Bqntan, to keep, to observe 

Beppisan, to cover, to conceal 

Bepyppan, to cast 

Bibban, to pray, to compel 

Bipan, to shake, to tremble 

Bil, a bill, a sword 

Bil-pnbe, blood-red sword 

Bilepit, gentle, mercifol 

Bileptnef , simplicity 

Binban, to Imid 

Bmnan, witJnn 

Bio-bpeab, bee-bread, honeycomb 

Biophto S 

Biphmef > brightness 

Biphtn J 

Bnx I "^ o<»»*P*t»on 

Digitized by 




BirSftn* to employ, to be employed, 

to be husy 
Birsui>Sf An oocnpation 
Birmepian, to scoff at, to xeproacfa, 

to revile 
Birman, to set an example 
BirpeU, a fable 
Bifpic, a deceit, a snare 
Bicep, bitter 
Bitepnef , bitterness 
Bipift, provisions, food 
Blac, black, pale 

Blate, widely, everywliere 

Blapan, to blow, to blossom 

Blenbian, to blind 

Bleep, colour 

Blican, to glitter 

Bhnb, blind 

Blioh, hue, beanty 

Bhj*, bliss, pleasure 

Bh>e, blithe, merry, joyful 

Bli'Snef, joy, enjoyment 

Blob, blood 

Blopna, a blossom, a flower 

Boc-cp»)%, book-learning 

Boba, a messenger 

Bobian, to announce, to proclaim 

g^* I a bongh, a branch 

Bopb, a bank 

Bopen, bom ; p. p. of bepan 

Boc, repentance 

5}II^( broad, extended 

Bpsban, to spread; p. p. bpa^^ftn 
Bpttbms, spreading 
Bjieccan, to break 
Bpeb, a board 
Bpeso, a ruler 

Bpinsan, to bring 

B^ \ • ^^^^' affliction, miseiy 

Bpocian, to afflict 

Bposa, a prodigy 

Bpofnienbe, perishable 

SK} •"«>«- 

Bpacan, to use, to e^joy 
Bpnn, brown 
Bpyb, a bride 
BpyP"^! Ji« governs 
Buenb, an inhabitant 
Bufan, above 
Bngian, to inhabit 
Bups-papa V a citizen 
Bnph-papu ) 
Baph ) 
Bupis [ a city 

Bapna, a stream 
Butan, without, external 

Bnitpvihc, between 
Bycsan, to buy 
Bypnan, to bum 

Laf, active 
Lareptiin, an endoeure 

Lahan, to be cold 

Lamp-fteb, a camp, a field of 

Lapitola, a chapter 
Lap, care 
Lapcepn, a prison 
Lealb, cold 

Lehhettuns, scorn, laughter 
Lempa, a soldier 
Lene, brave 
Leopjran, to cut 
Leopl, a husbandman, a man 

Leofan, to choose; perf. S^c^^pCi 

n^man } * ^^''^^^ * chapman 
Lepan, to catch, to subdue 

Digitized by 



Left ^ a ipMe ol tun^ a tea; 
Lieppev set fpumfui cq»]«, in 
LJTi 3 the first iiutanc« 
Lqijuui, to r0tan» t* deyart 

M^J. child 

Hits, a germ, a sbooi 

£A|>a-leaf, witbMit a ahooi 

Uam, a fetter 

LU«, cloth ; pi. XUtmir* doiku 

L]»n, pure, dean 

Ll»nlic, purfi^ Tirtnous 

Llnnnef, virtue, chastitj 


Llif, adiff 

Llipan, to deave, to Jidbere 

Llub, a rofik 

Lluffcep, a cell 

Lniht, a ymithf a dfl^ Mi '^ 

Lmht-hab, childhood 
Lnobao, to dedicate 
Lnol, a hill, a knoU 
Lol, cool 
Lonbd, a candle 
LoDfol, a consul 
Ijojin, a grain 

Lop>ep, a naUUnda, « comfimy 
XjOYP, a fetter 
Eoftnims, a temptaBon 
EiO'Shce, truly, surelj 
XjpmpB, cralt, ax^ virtue 

5p*J2D the Creator, a wttfanan, 

Lp»]rtis, crafty, akilinl, viriHOitt 
Upeaca, a Greek 

Hpijt:, Christ 

Lpiftenbom, ChriafaendoB^ Chria- 

Lnlpian, to cringe 
Unma, a comer, a gneit, a ttttanger 
J^unan, to come 
Hmman, to know 
Lumuan, to inquire, to search 
Xnni, luMnfn 
Lnhan, to Jmo v 

ryaman, to ia^goiab, to waate 


Lpe|>an > to uij, to apeak 

Lpelmian, to kill 

Lpeman, to please. 

Lpen, a queen 

Lpic 1 

Lpuc > living, alive 


Lpibbim^, a n^rt, a speech 

Ljnbe, a sa3ang, a ^aach, a doctxine 

Lyle, cold 

Lyme, coming 

Lyn, kin, kiadrad, kind 

Lyn, proper 

Lyna, a deft, a duak 

Hynejtol, the king's dwdlmg-fdace, 

the metropolis 
LynuiSi a king 
Lynpen, a kind, a geMeatioii, a 

family cooESft 
Lypepa, a kind of fish 
Hyrpan, to fettoc, to bind 
Ly|T, exceUeacc^ i^plwdoiir 
L }% ) knowledge a r^^ion, a ooua- 
Ly**) try 
Ly>an, to show, to make knoano, to 


Dflsb, a deed, an action 

pS^J secret, vaksmm, lAstnue 

of days 

Dsel, a part 

Dapu, an injury, a hsirt 

Deab, dead 

gS^4 deadly, «a.Ul 

Deals, death 
Deap, dare 
Xjclffw, "to 'dig 
Delfepe, a digger 
Dem, an injury 

Digitized by 




Pema, a judge 
Peman, to fudge 
Dene, a valley 
Deojrel, the devil 

Deoplicop, deeper, more deeply 
Dioplice, deeply 

g-P; a wad beast 


Deoplins 7 a daitiag, « 

Dioplins 3 one %«knred 

Deoji-cyn, wild beMA kind 


Deoppupt) > pfwaou, onr 

Deoppyp^ J 

Deoppup'Snq*, a tvtaiiiM 

Depian, to injure 

Dieselner, a recess, a secsitplaee 

Dij;ellice, secretly 

Dim, dim, dark 

DioSol, secret, prcffoiaA 

Diop-bopen, ^Myhaim 

Diope, dearly 

Dohtep, a daughter 

Dom, a judgmeot, a decne 

Domepe, a judge 

Domef-bies, doomsday 

Don, to do, to make 

Dopften, durst 

Dpeam-cpwfC, the art of looiic 

Dpeamepe, SLtasakaaa. 

5^^*^ I to afflict, to tcamfint 
Dpeccean J 

Dpefan, to vex, to trouble 

SJ?^^ I drink 

DpeoSan, to suffer 

DpeopiS, dreary 

Dpeofenb, perishable 

Dpi > 

DpiS >• dry 

Dpipan, to 'Mwe, to pwsae, t* «n 

Dpihten, the Lor4 

Dpiht-pima, s % 

Dpuicin, te diiafc 

Dj-ohtat$, conversation, msMif 

Dpycp»fC, magicd art 

Dpycp»)tiS) skilful in soreery 

Dpyssnm, the dregs 

Dn^an, to be honest, te ^efit 

Dn^iCfi, iMOon; jui omaaea^ 

DnSutS, viitBDiis, bofMorable 

Dun, a hill, a mountain 

Dunman, to obscwe, to make fan 

Diippe, darest thou ? See Deep 

Dnpu, a door 

Dpehan ) to waader, te deeeire, to 

Dpohan 3 mislead 

Dpolema, a chaoe 

Dybepian, to delude 

Dynt^ a blow, a-crah 


Dyps >fooliA 

Dyrs J 

DypS, folly, error 
Dy]*isa, a fiMdlidi ponon 

ea, a river 

eac, also 

eaca, an addition 

Cacan, to incnaw 

eaben, granted, ordained 

eabis, happy, blessed, peifeet • 

eefb^hc, perfect 

edbisnef, happineai 

eabmobhee, humbly^ MrfnuniMy 


epop J 

eapopa, a son 
eage, an eye 
eala, alas ! 


ealb-r»bep, a grandfather 
ealbop-man, an alderman, A 

ealb-piht, an old ffi|^ 

Digitized by 

Google — 


ealleri tetany, altogetlMr 
eallunsa, altogethmr, entirdj, at all 


ei^ an ear 

eapb, native soil 

CKpb-ptyt, settled, permanent 

eapbian, to dwell, to inhabit 

eaperotS ) 

eap|x>'5 > difficult 


eapfo1$nef , a difficulty 

ea]i)ro^ difficulties 

^ApSi weak, timid 

eap-s«blonb, the sea 

eapm, an arm 

eapm, wretched, poor 

Capmins > the miserable, the 

epmrns y wretched 

eapmkc, miserable 

eapmkce, wretchedly, meanly 


eopm'Sy poverty, calamity 

epm'S ) 

eapnian, to labour, to earn 

eapnonSi a means, a deserving, an 

eaft, the east 
eafteji, Easter 
eaft-peapb, eastward 

ea'Smeban, to adore, to be moved 

with adoration 
ealSmeb, humble 

Cap, oh ! 

eax, an axis 

ebban, tb ebb, to recede 

ebbe, the ebb, the receding of 

Cce, eternal 
ecs, an edge 

eblean, a reward 
6bnipian, to renew 
GbyceajZy a new creation 

ebpt, a reproach 
efen-beopht, equally bright 
epae, even 
epihc, equal 
ejt:, again 

eft-cunuui, to come again, to re- 
ege-pill, terrible 
egefa, terror 
egej-hc, horrible, terrific 
eglian, to ail, to grieve 
egop-ftpeam, the sea 
ehtan, to pursue 
eib, an age, time 
eibaj*, men. See ylb 
eibpan, parents, ancestors 
eibuns, delay 
eilen, courage, fortitude 
eUenbe, a fordgn land 
eUef, else 

eipenb, an elephant 
ei)>eobiS, foreign 
embe-syp^<^ to encompass 
emhce, equally, evenly . 

enmeC *^®"' smooth, equally 
emman, to make equal 
6mea, leisure 
Cnbe, an end 

enbebypban, to set in order 
enbebypbhce, orderly 
enbdeaf, encUess, infinite 

enbian, to end- 
en^el, an angel 
enjE^hfC, English 
eof^?!, evil 
e<)jil, an earl, a chief 

^'^f I the earth 

eoptJhc, earthly 
eopl>an-fceac, the earth 
eop9-pape, an inhabitant' of the 

eopian, to show 
eopp, your. See ]>tt 

Digitized by VjOOQ iC 



eplan, to plough, to tiU 
erne, a man 
Bftj a decree 
^tok, to eat 


e>e, easy 

ej>el, a conntry, soil, a native place 

e|>ehce, eaaily 

e)>el-ftol, the metropolis 

e^nef , ffvonr, easincM 

Facn, deceit, a stratagwn 
Faebep, a father 

Jgr J glad, happy 

F»s^ H "^*^*'*' *° "^ '^' 

F»Sepnef, fairness, beanty 

Fnpbii, colour 

Fwpelb, a way, a coutse, a going 

Fwpmsa, suddenly 

Fsphce, suddenly 

FsjtS ^a't, firm, constant, sure 

Frnfcxa, to fast 

F»fte, firmly 

Fsften, a fastness, a citadel 

Fsfthc, firm, constant 

Fsfdice, firmly 

Ftojtnej*, firmness 

Fnfcnian, to fasten 

Fssft-pnb, inflexible 

Fnft-psebhc, constant 

Trnft-iuebueff a fixed state of mind, 

Fapan, to vary 
FamiS, foamy 
Fana, a temple 
Fanbisan, to try, to explore, to find 


Fat:, a vessel 

Fealban, to fur], to fold up 

FeaUan, to fall 

Fealpum, to ripen 


Feapji, a bull 

Feban, to feed 

Fejrep, a fever 

Fela I 


Felb, a field 

FelS, a felly 

FdtUD, a dunghill 

Fenn, a fen 

Feoh, money 

Feoh-sitfepe, a covetous man 

Feonb ? - . 

Fienb J • ^^^ »° ^*™^ 

Feop 1 

Fe<^pan war 

^^ -. J 
Feope I 

Feoph Wife 

Flop J 

Feopfian, to prolong, to go far 

Feop1$, the fourth 

Feopep, four 

Feopqi-healf, the four sides 

|^«; the mind 

FeplS-loca, the breast 
Fee, fat, fed 

Fe]>e, walking, the act of going on 

F*^ \ * ^®**^®^' * ^"« 


Fiepen-pil, wicked, full of crimes 

Fiep-fete, four feet 

Fi]cel-)%peam, the FIfel stream 

Fifta, the fifth 

Fmban, to find 

Fmsep, the finger 

FiounSy hatred 

Fiopep-fet, four-footed 

Fipaf , men 


y Google 



Vipfty a space of time 
Fippet-Seopn, being inqaiBiUv* 
Fifc, a fish 
Fifcian, to fish 
Fipca, physics, phjsict 
Firt, a song 
Fl»rc, flesh 
Flsfdic, fleshly 

Ficon \ to fly, to flee, to fly f rem 

riion J 

Fleopan, to flow 

Fhonbe, fleeting 

Fktan, to coatand 

Flob, a flood 

Flop, a floor 

Fobbep, fodder 

Folc, a people 

Folc-cut$, known to nations, cele- 

Folc-gcji'S, a nobleman 

Folc-sepin, battle-fray 

Folcifc the vulgar, a man 

Folban-fceat, the earth 

Folb-buenb, an inhabitaat of the 

Folbe, the ground, the earth 

Folsa'S, service 

Folsepe, a follower, an atteadant 

Fon, to take, to undertake^ to begiii 

Fop, for 

Fopb»paxs to forbear, to eUow, to 

pass over 
Fopb»pnan, to bum, to bum up 

Fopbi^^ \ *^ ^^^^^^' *^ ^""^"^ 
Fopbepftan, to buret 
Fopl^ieban, to proatEat% to o^er* 

Fopbusan, to avoid 
Fopceapan, to bite oflf 
Fopcu^, wicked 
FopcutSpa, inferior 
Fopcp»}>an, to censure 
Fopcyppan, to avoid 
Fopbon, to destroy 
Fopbpijran, to drive out 
FopbjnsMi, to drf ttp 

Fopbpilman, to oonfoand 

Fopealbian, to wax old 

Fope-m»pe, eminent, iUuitrioiu 

Fope-maeplic, eminent 

Fope-mBepnej", renown 

Fopefceapian, to IbreAMnr, to fef«> 

FoperceafruBS, foresbewia^ piovS- 
dence, foreknowledge 

Fo]iej*eupen^« diahooonr 

Fo]iefppasc, a defence 

Foperppeca, an advocate 

Foperppeccn, forespoken 

Fope-tacn, a foretoken 

Fope->encean ) to despair, to dis- 

Fope-)>encaa 3 truat 

Fope-hnsian, to plead for. to de* 

Fope->onc, forethctight, -provideaoe 

Fopetiohhuns, predestinatioA 

Fope-pnsan, to fbreknow 

FopSijran, to forgive, to give 

Fopsitan, to forget 

Fopsylban, to recompense 

Fophcfllban, not to keep, to loae, to 

Fophelan, to conceal 

FophqieSiaBi to lay waate, to de- 

Fophojian, to neglect 

FojihtiED I to fxjghtoi, to be 

Fophtigan 3 afraid 

Fophpypjran, to pervert, to iduu^ 
for the worse 

Fopls&ban, to conduct^ to tnl^l^^ 

Foplntan ) to permit, to lelinqulah, 

Fopletan \ to lose^ to leave 

Fopleofan, to lose 

Foplisan, to commit foniioatio& 

Foplopen, lost 

Foplurthce, gladly, willingly 

Fo{^a ( ^"' 
Fopneah, almost 
Fopon, before 
Fop^itiiel, foremcmer 
Fopfceeppan, to transform 
Fopfceotan, to anticipate 
Fopfeapian, to wither 
FopreoD, to overlool^ to demise 

Digitized by 




Fopflajnan, to be slow, to be ««« 

FopfleaD, to slay 
Fopftanban, to witlMtaad,t»tnidir'- 

stttd^ to avatt 
Fopftehan, to steal 
Fopfpel^an, to swallow up 
Fopnnsian, to paas ovw in siliBM 
Fop"^ forth 

Fop>am I for that nasoa, be* 
Fop>ffim>e 5 cause 
Fopt^piDSan, to bring Isrtl^ to pto* 

dvLC% to ttcconipHsh 
Fop'$-):opl»t«iiejv free pcmanieB, 

Fop'S-sepiran, to depart, to die 
FopiSpa* further, worsa 
Fophpiccan, to oppress, to tread 

Fopjiy, therefore 
Foptpupian, to be pvssiisiptaoM) to 

be over- confident 
FoptpupuDS, presumption 
Foppeopnian, to refuse 
Foppeopl>an > to be undone, to 
Foppupl>an S P^nah 
Foppeop'SpiUic, excellent 
Foppypb, destruction, damage 
Foppypnan, to forewarn 
Fo]t«p-]:»bep, a foster-father 
Fo]t«p-mobop, a foster-mother 
Fot, a foot 
Fox, a fox 
Fpam, from 

Fpam-Sep^iauit to depart 
^Epea, a lord 

Fpea-bpih&en, a supieBM toed 
Fpecen '\ 
Fpecenbhc !.^^ „aw^m 
Fpecenbc >■ dangerous 

Fpecn f 

Fpecennej*, danger, peril 

Fpejrpian, to comfort 

Fpe^nan ) to ask, to iaqiiin» to 

Fpi^nian J know by 

Fpemb, foreign, outer 
Fpeme, profit, advantage 
F^iemeb, a strangv 
Fpemman, to effect, to do^ to paN 


Fpeo "I 
Fpis Vfrea 


Fpiobom > freedom 

Fpybom j 

Fpeohce, freely * 

Fpeolfian, to set ftvi ; p. p. SfFl^^fo^ 


Fpienb k a friend 

Fpynb J 

FpitJ, peace 

Fpil>ian, to protect 

FpitJ-ftop, an asylum, a ref age 

Fpofep, consolation, comfort 

Fpom-peapb, away from, a depart- 

Fpuma, the begiaittng, the origin 

Fpum-fceaft, the origin, the first 

Fpum-ftol, an original statioa, a 
preper residence 

FpymtJ, the beginning 

Fusel, a fowl, a bird 

Ful, foul, impure 

Fulfpemeb, perfect 

Fuljrpemebnef, perfection 

FuljTienuan \ to perform, to ac- 

FuljTiemman y corai^sh 

Fu^an, to follow up, to fulfil, to ac- 
complish ; perf. pil-eobe 

Full, full 

FuDice, fully 

FullnltfB, baptism 

Full-pypcan, to oomplete 

Fulneah, nearly, foU nigh 

Ful-piht, fall right 

Fultpupian, to confide 

Futeom, help 

Fultumian, to help, to auppoft 

Fimbum, to strive, to try, to tend -to 

Fuji, a furrow 

Fyllan, to fiU 
Fylft, help 


Digitized by 




«ypM)f ficrjr 

'■* left, at all, at most 

If, ftine 

, to f npport, to promote 

i;abepian)to gather, to join, to 

Ijr«bpian 5 resort 

Babep&anSi oontinaons, united 

Irtslui, to astonish, to hinder 

Irtspf, grass 

Ikipol, tribute 

Ikdan, to siog 

I^sJbop, an incantation 

Lalncf , Inst 

Iiamen, sport, pleasure 

CmpfecSf the ocean 

I^fC, the loul, the spirit 

Kajtlic, ghostly, spiritual 

Cajidice, spiritaallj 

LeacfiaD, to aslc, to find ont by 

Iieabo]!, together 

]g^;^| to .bide, for 

Leanbpypban, to aoswer 
Leap, the year 
Ijeap-mvlom, yearly 

^•Jlji formerly, certainly 

Ijeappot?, difficult 
Ijeajio, prepared, ready 
Keapo-pita, intellect, understanding 
Ijeapjnan, to prepare 
Lea}xuns, asldog, inquiry 
Ijeae-peapb, a gatekeeper 
Iiebnpan, to behave 
Ijebeacnian, to point out, to nod 
Ijebeb, a prayer 
Lebeb-man, a beadsman, a man em- 


ployed in prayer 

Kebelsan, to be angiry 
Lebephtan, to enlighten 
Iiebe&an, to improve, to make 

Lebibban, to pray 
Cebmban, to bind 
CeUenban, to blend, to mingle, to 

Lcbhffian, to r^oice 
Irebob, a command 
Crebpsban, to spread 

5SS} *«'"'-« 

Cebnsan, to bend 

Ijebypb, birth, family, origin 

Ijebypinn, to happen, to come to 

lieoeofan, to choose; p. p. secopen 
Ijeoeppan ) to turn, to have re- 
Ijecyppan ) course to 
Ijeduenfian, to deanie 
Ctecnanan, to know, to discover 
Ifecoplic, fit, proper 

Ijecynb, nature, kind, manner 

I«ec^be, natural 

Ce<7nbehce, naturally 

Ijecy)>an, to make known 

I«e<yS)>e, a country 


Lib V a song 


Ijeba]:«nlic, seemly 

Ijebid, a separation 

Lebefe, fit, suitable 

Ijebon, to finish, to complete 

Lebpvpief ^ 

Iicbpepebnef > trouble 

Lebpepief ) 

Lebpepin, to disturb 

Lebpelan > to mislead, to decdve, 

Lebpelisan ) to seduce 

Lebpola, error, heresy 

Iicbpol-mift, the mist of error 

5^^^^^ j to «m., to deserve 

Leeapnuns, merit, desert 
Leecan, to make addition 
Leebmpian, to renew 
Leenbebypban, to set in order 
Leenbian, to end, to finish 

Digitized by 




Hreenbobhc, that which will end 

Ijreeopiau, to disoover, to show 

I^ejrasen, glad 

Ij^pan, to go, to travel, to die 

I^]cea, J07, gladness 

lirqpesan > to join, to unite, to com- 

Crqresean) pose 

Ijefdian, to feel 

Ijejpeoht, a fight, war 

ljq«pa, a companion 

Ij^eppnben, companionship 

Ci^Mijnpe, a society 

Ije^lit, a contention 

JJefOD, to recdye, to take, to catch 

Lqrpeban, to feel 

Ijefpehnef , the feeling 

C^pp^S^ mind, opinion 

Ijej'pm'se, celebrated 

Ij^rpeban, to perceiTe 

Befpemian, to finish, to folfil, to 

Ifejrpeosan, to set free 

Kefuleumian, to help 

LeiyllEn, to fill, to fulfil, to satisfy 

Erefypn, long ago 

LcfTJi'Spum, to promote, to improve 




Lesabepnns* a gathering, a collec- 

^;«« I to decorate 

Cesonsan, to pass through 
CeSpApian, to touch 
CeSpipan, to seize 
I^esjrjnan, to clothe ; p. p. S^S^^ 
I^hasan, to promise 
Cehssj^m, to bind, to enslave 
Keheolban, to hold, to keep, to pre- 
Iiehebe, seized 
Ijehelpan, to help, to assist 
l^ehentan, to pursue, to seize 
Ceheopan \ 

Lehypan ) 


gather, to unite, 
to bring together 

I^hepeb, heard, applauded 
Ijehepeub, a hesrer 
Cehepnef , the hearing 
Cehicsan > to seek after, to regard, 
Cehycsen ) to discover 
Ijehipan, to form 
Cehpeofan, to fall 
Lehpinan, to touch 

5^5;;^} every one 

Crehp8d)>eper» everywhere 

Ijehpibeji, everywhere 

Ijehyban, to hide 

Creh JTifum, obedient 

Cehyjifonmef, obedience 

Cehypft, adorned 

Ixdac, an assembly, a collection 

Ijelanbian, to approach 

Celasban, to lead 

Kelnpan, to teach, to instruct 

fielnftan, to continue, to perform 

Celea]», belief 

CeleajTul, faithful 

Iieleaman, to recompense 

Celieopman, to learn 

Celettan, to hinder, to cause delay 

Celic, a likeness 

Celic, like, suitable 

Celice* likewise 

Celicsan, to lie 

Iieliman, to cement, to unite 

Iielimpan, to happen 

Celi>an, to sail, to move 

Iielome, often 

IielonS) on account of 

I^p-fca|>a, a proud wretch 

&ely|t«b, pleased with, desirous of 

CemsBC, a yoke-fellow, a mate 

CemssIS, greatness 

I^emssne, common, general 

Cemasnehce, in common - 

I^em»pe, a boundary 

Iienusppan, to praise 

I^maS) a relation 

Cemal-m»s^n«> a multitude 

^^J to attend, or care for 

Cemana, a company 

Digitized by 



Lemeapciaiit to ftf^otet, t» diitr^ 

mine bounds 
EremelefC, neg UgMoa 
CemcB, cam 
Kemei^ui, ta Mix, to wteflB^ teJc^I^ipnan J 

IVemet, measure 
I^mec, docile, nMst^ soitaUfl 
I^metan, to meet, to find 
tiemetftbjz, modest, modetai* 
Iremetsuui» to, aio6aiat%to nsoUta 
CremersunS* « o^>» ystl wi» meaaiun 
Iremedic, suitable^ flfe, aoteailfli 
Iremons, among 
ISemot, an iMeinMy 
Lemnnan, to rem— ber 
Lemonbb^pbaii, t* ptotaci 
Iremyob, miMiory 
Lemynbgian, to remamber 
t>emyBbp^)»ev mamarable^ virthj 

of naMmbxaaea 
I^neahfne, near 
ISenealncan, to ajiproaeh 
Tiene\>&n, to aabdoa 
Leniman, to take, to concaiTt 

n^noh} siifficlenfly, enou^ 
Ifenyban, to eompal 
I^nyht, abundance 

w^ > formerly, anciently 

Iieoc, a yoke 
^ Leocra, a sighing 


Leolecaii, to alhirs 
ISeoHiepnns, lasBenlation 
tieompe, sorrowfal 
t^mpian, to gfltve^ to 
Leonb, thvovgh, ovar 
Leonb-hheaDy to enUghtan 
Leonb-fcinan, to aWne thio«gh 
Leonb-plitan, to look 

Leopeniaa, to open 
I^pn, desirous 

T^j^e] «a™«8tly, wUUngly 
Leopnpill, desirous, anxious, diligent 

. of«r« ar bo- 

IrtO|Hi]r«lhc«w YMy aamoatlx 
I>op]ipilika)r, e af—ta s oB, oKPtAjr 

SnwSa'* V**^ desire anxloody, tp 


I^eapnUc* aaracst 
Heopnhce, studioasly, e ai - naaU y 
t^ptpupiBD, to deapair 

^. [y^ 


I^tan, to melt, to pour 

Lepab, consideration, acasdKUm 

Lepab, considerad, aooitituked 

]jciMfefopc» pradeMo 

Lepncan, to seize 

Tiefimjz, distiMta< 

Ijepeapan, to take ^ ffBroo 

Ijepeapan, to bin4 

Ijepec, goyensMBt, coxreciioOt akin 

LepccsB > to say, to instraet^ to 

Cepeccan ) prove, to sabdaa 

Lepeclice^ widely, iiiiiisaly^ 

t^peman, to adom 
E o| i c— , om s M sa ts 

^^J suitable, right, fit 

liepim, a number 
Hepif enhc, suitable 
Kepifenhce, suitably, fitly 
I^qupnian, ta agraa, to sulk 
Ijrepum, space 
ISepyman, to lay waato 
CtfuvPiaD > to ttoite, to eoBeet to- 
ISeromnian ) gather 
TMeytLpsebj afflictod> nrrievad; p. p. 

IjCfsslan, to happen 
Lefsshhco, happily, pcmdently 
Lef ceab, reason 

^ / 




Cefceabpifner, reason 

ISefceajrc, a creature , 

Lejxeapen, formed ; p. p. feyppan 

Ijej^ceapian, to riew, to r^ard 

I^fcenban, to corrupt 

Ijeftnnan, to shine, to ahinfr ipoD 

Xieycpiftai^ to appoint, to ordain 

I^f cylbaD, to shield^- to dtefsnd 

liercyppeb, clothed ; p. p. af cypfwi 

Berecan, to seek 

]jef eon, to set 

Iteye\>aii, to say, to prove 

I^efetnq*, an appointaMBt^ a» insti- 

I^fettan, to set, to compose, to 

I^f epenlic, yisible 

Lepblice^ peaceabl j 

liepbfuma, peace-loving 

ljepehj»e "] 

l^epht > the sight 

liqTh« J 

L^'S, a companion 

X^fomnuns, an assembly 

Le)*tanban, to stand, to attaclc, to 
press upon 

L^ajyelian ) to establish, to make 

Kejta^ohan ) stead£ist 

Lefts&ppan, to go, to step, to ap- 

Cejtce'^t'iS, stable, steadftst 

Leyti^an, to ascend 

£e]*tillan, to stop, to restrain, to be 

Cej^ncan, to smelt 

nejteopan^ to snide, ta iqM» lo 

l^eftonban, to confine 
Leftpanpan, to strengthen 

I^jt:pynan, to gain, to obtain, to 

Cefunb, sound, safb, secure 

CefimbpiUice, securely, prospe- 

Lefonbfulnef, health, prosperity 

Ijefunbpian, to sepavato 
Kf C r p c n c tt P, t* afflict 
Ijefpican, to cease, to desist 

iiefpn^an 3 

I^fpinc, affliction, trouUe^ febevr 

CefpilSpian^ to subdue 

Henniftep, a sister 

Ijefyn^ian, to sin 

Ijeta, as yet, again 

I^tacniaD, to betoken 

Leteecan, to teaofa, to esepCa&i, to 

xfedsittn, to accuflo, to reprore* 
ISetssfe, meet ; sup. se«»)*oftr 
I^etenge, heavy 
Ijetenge, happened 


I^teopian, to- grovr weary 
Ije}>a|ra, one who assents 
I^^ajrian, to assent, to aHow 

I^>apeneb, w^ted 

]Se>eaht, couns^, purpoar 

L^ahtepe, a counsellor 

I^>encan > to think, to consider, to 

)je>mcan J remember 

Le)>eoban, to associate 

Iie}>eobe, a language 

Ijel>innan, to ^perse 

Ire)H)lian, to bear, to suffer 

Trelfjiojnasx^ to suffer 

I^t^puen, Joined 

]jet$p8&nan, to moisten 

I^et$p»p, conformable, agreeing, at 

Le^jtnpebe^ banBoiiiously 

&e%»pian, to adopt, to mali« con- 

lj«l>ylb, patience 

L«>ylbehce, patitently 

&e>ylbis, patient 

t^tiban, to happen 

Letiohhan, to detecmine, to ajppoint 

Iietpeope, true, faithful 

tjretpeophce, faithftilYy 

Ijetpeopian, to conspire 

I^tpymian, to encourage 

Digitized by 




I^nnnan, to grant 

Ijennpotnan, to be sonowf ol, to be 

I^epuuaii, to diminish 
£c]«pcDian, to warn, to beware 
CcfMecan, to excite 
BcfPSBSan, to weigh down 
C^walble^ep, a rein 
Cqreb, madness 
Cq^dipan, to enrich 
Ccfdt-lc^ep, a rein 
Cepeniaa, to allure 
Ccpeop^an, to be, to come to pass 
IjepeopHftD, to make honourable, to 

Ccpexan, to grow, to accrue 
Lepbtp, the weather 

Lqnn, labour, a battle, war 

LepamtLt an enemy 

Cepinnan, to conquer 

Ijcpif, certain 

Cepifhce, certainly 

IVqnt, understanding 

Lejnt-leaj*, witless, foolish 

Cepic-Ioca, the breast 

C^ta, a witness 

l^^tan, to depart 

Ijepitnef, knowledge 

Ijeplsst, debased 

hej^Zf a writing 

Ttcf/faxlj a change, a course of events 

Ifepuna, a custom, wont 

C^unelic, wonted, usual 

Ijeimnian, to be wont 

Cqmnfum, pleasant 

Lepypcan, to make 

Iiepy)xan, to wish 
Kibbian, to sing 
Ikepan, to prepare 
Lipm, to ^ve 
&i]cenbe, giving 
Crifepnef, greediness 
&i):ol, bountiful 
Ttiffie, greedy, anxi^oa 
Kipi, a gift 
LiSant^ a giant 

IiUp, arrogance 

Ijilpan, to boast 

Ijrim ^ 

Crim-cyn > a jewel, a geJii 


LunelefC, negligence 

I#im-peoeb, a palace 

hmptjt, ample 

CiQ2;pa, a youngster, a scholar 

CrioSo'Sliab, the season of youth 

Ikomop, sad 

Lijx^ian, to sigh, to sob 

I^ij^la-S^r^ yes, yes ! 

TtitpBO, to desire, to covet 

nl?^} covetousness, desire 
Iilab, pleasant . 


I^f-hlutpu ) glass-dear, trans- 

&U)*-hlu|>pe 5 parent 

Lleap. sldlfol, prudent 

Uensan, to adorn 

Lhbiui, to glide, to slip 

Lhopum, to sing 

I^opopb, a song, metre 

LnsBt, a gnat 

Ijrnopman, to lament, to grieve^ to 

I#nopDuns> lamentation 
lk)b, God 
Ijob, good 
lk)ba, a Goth 
Ijobcnnb, divine 
Ijobcnnbelice, divinely 
Ijobcnnbnyj*, deity, divine nature 
Cobnef , goodness 
Lolh, gold 

Lolb-hopb, a hoard of gold 
Lolb-pm'S, a goldsmith 
Ijpapin, to dig, to delve 
Ijrpam, fierce, enraged 
Iipapian, to grope 
njissfe grey, green 
Erpeat, great 
Ii]iene, green 
Cpenian, to become green 


Ifpim, grim 

Digitized by 




Ixpoe, a particle, an atom 
lipopan, to grow 
Kpunb, ground, earth, bottom 
£rpunb-leaf, gronndless, unfathom- 
Lpunb-peal, a foundation 

Ifuma, a man 
I^um-pinc, a leader 
TtvcSt a conflict 
Lybene, a goddess 
&ylban, to pay 
Ijrylben,- golden 
Kyle, gnflt 
Ttfcyepe, a miser 

)>abban, to have 

)>»jr, detained 
9>»p:ebom, captivity 

7>»lo y health 

)>ielSa, light 

)>»meb-]>ms> cohabitation 
7>»penb, an errand 
P»)i|%fr, harvest 
)>»phc, laudable 
|>»r, a command 
J>iet$, heath, heather 
J>»to, heat 
|>al, sound, hale 
|>aliS) holy, a saint 

Pam, a home, a house 

)>am-j»ft, an inhabitant 

)>ansian, to hang 

)>a|i, hoary 

)>apa, a hare 

)>at, hot 

|>acan, to call, to name, to command 

|>atheoptner, hot-heartedness, 

anger, fury 
l>a&ian, to hate 
l>ape, sight, aspect 
?>e ^ 

|>ie >> he, any one, it 

l>eaf b, a head 
^ap>b-beah, a crown 

?^/ high; comp. )>yhpe; sup. 

J>eani ^^^ 

g^^;r[ height, highness 

^ah-pebep, a great tempest 

^al, a hall 

)>ea]an, to heal ; imp. l>al 

^alban, to hold, to incline 

)>eal|r, half 

|>eahc, high, exalted 

l>ea]ice, highly 

l>ea]ioop, more highly 

)>ean, needy, poor. 

J>eanlic, vile, worthless 

?>eapb, hard 

|>eapbe, severely ; sup. )>eapbor):: 

|>eapb-heopt, hard-hearted 

?>eapb-fa»hs, unhappy 

)>eapb-fa»l'8, a hard lot, unhappi- 

l>eapm, harm 
7>eapm-cpibb]San, to speak ill of 

?>eapepa, a harp 
J>eappepe, a harper 
|>eappian, to play on the harp 
^appuns* harping 
I^eaJ^epian, to restrain, to control 
)>ea)>o-pinc, a chieftain, a noble ' 
?>ebban, to raise, to lift up 
|>eps> heavy 
)>epSlui, to be heavy or sad, to 

weigh down 
)>epshce, heavily, grievously 

!^ > to cover, to conceal 

)>elbaii, to bend, to incline 

Digitized by 




]>eU.]»|M, an inhabitaat ofbiB 

|>elmf the head, the top of as^PlhiBg 

)>elma, a helm, or raddor 

)>elpan, to help 

J>enaii, to oppose, to repress 

^nlS, poverty, tronUe, paniAment 

)>eo|reDCimb, heavenly 

)>eo]naD, to mourn 

)>eo]:oD, heaven 

?>eoron.eopt, heavenly hfi|p]bt 

)>eopot, a hart 

)>eop]-unuan, to ohey 

)>eopc, a hart, a sta^ 

J>eopce, the heart 

)>ep, hew 

|>epan, to obey 

)>epe, a crowd, an amjr 

|>epe, fame 

I^epeb, a court, a family 

]>^e-Scat, a weapon 

|>epe-pmc, an enemy 

^pe-tema, a chiaftahi, a factor of 

an army 
]>epe-toha, a consal, a leader ef an 

]>epepi«a, to deapiae 

|>epiaD, to praise 

l^epins praise, favour 

?>ephc, glorious 

7>ibep, hither 

)>ibpej' ]>ibpej*, hither and thither 

)>iSan, to hasten 

)>iSe, the mind, energy, care 

)>iSe-l»ft, heedkes 

)>iSe-jTioqi, a wise mind 

l>ipan > to strive^ to think, to en- 

l>y^an J deavoup 

l^ig-fcip, fiimilyshlp 

)>ilbe, a battle 

)>iinf elf, himsrif 


)>mbaD, behind 
)>inbe, a hind 
]>mspian, to hunger 
iMop, a hinge 

^ypbe} * protector, a rule« 

l>ir. his 

)>ip, form, hoe 

)>ip-cu'^ laMiUar 

IMpiuiSt pKtMMe, appearance 

)>l»p, a mound, a barrow 

)>laFopb, a lord 

l^lajxipb-rcipe, lordahip, goTonme&t 

)>leahcep, laughter 

)>leo)>op, a sound 

)>hpi, fame, report 

|>hj*eabis, celebrated 

)>hfeebisner, celebfky 

)Mub, loud 

)>la&ep, clear 

l>lyftan, to listen 

)>n»ppian, to rest, to Ii« 

l^nefc, soft, tender 

bmpan, to bend 

l>oj;ian, to be desirous, to be anxious 

)>ol, a hole 

)>olb, faithful 

|>olm, the ocean 

|>olt, a wood, a grove 

|>onb, the hand 

)>opa, hope 

]>opian, to hope 

)>opaf ea>e, a sink 

)>opb, a hoard, a treasure 

l^opb-Seftpeon, a treasure 

l>ofp, reproach^ dirlsioa 

)>p»b, ready, swift 

^pssbhc, speedy 

)>p8&bhce, gp e o d gy , qoiekhr 

)>p»b-pepnef , a swift eonrse^ 

)>p»b-p»ne, a chariot 

]>p»Sel, a garment, apparel 

)>peof an, to fall 

)>peoj'e, violently approadiing, e.^. 
a storm 

)>peop, cruel, troubled 

7>peopan, to rue, to repent 
^peopfian, to rue, to be s o rt- owftf 
)>pepan, to agitate, to lift up 
)>pefttm, to lie d»wn 

Digitized by 




]>pej>ep, the mind 

)^oh, rough 

J>pof, a roofy the t(^ ef anjthing 

]>poF-piBft, roof-fast, firm 

]>pon-me]ie, a whale*^nd, tbe tea 

^pop, prone, bent down 

l>pafe, the earth 


)>umeta, how, in what manner 

|>imb, a hound, a dog 

^unb-msontis, ninety 

l>iiiifbpeby a hundied 

)>imb-feoj:ontis, seventy 

]>imis, honey 

)>imta, a hunter 

)>imnaD, te hmt 

7>apa, at least 

)>af , a house 

J>ufef-hipbe, a keeper 

J>pa, who, any 

)>pat, brave 

)>p»r, which, wkat 

|>p8&ce, wheat 

|>p»}>ep, whether, either 

^p»l>p«, nevertheless 

)>p»t-hpesa, a little, in some near 

|>p»t-hpesanmisej*, in some mea- 

sare, in some degree 
)>peal|a, expanse, convexity 

»P^^^ taa«j.«t,towa»e 

)>peappms, incoafitancy^ change. 

)>pelc, any 
)>pene, a little 
)>peol, a wheel 
j^pepfhc, changeable 
J>pibpe, whither 
]>pile, a while, time 
^pilenblic, f&r a tine^ temporaiy 
l^pilum, sometimf s 
J>jnc, white 

^pone, any one 
)>poniie, when 

l^puppilnef, changeableness 
)>pypjt, a circuit 

|>ybe, a hide, a skin 
)>yhthc, joyful, desirable 
?>ylt, a hUt of a sword 
l>ypan, to hear, to obey 
J>ypian, to imitate 
)>ypiibe, horned, having a beak 
)>ypj^ ah ornament 
J>ypfCan, to adorn 
Dyrpwij to clfiride, to revile 
J^yrpmS, reviling, reproach 
)>y^, a hanreu 

Ic, I 

I?*f I idle, vain 

Ibel-seopn J ' 


ISlonb / an island 

Ilanb 3 

lelb, old. See ealb^ comp. lelbpa^ 

sup. lelbej^ 

lie, the same 

Immebeme, unworthy, imperfect 

Inc, you 

Incopa, tha ndnd, the breaat 

Ineppe, provision 

Ingehysb, intention, thought 

g:^:i '>«»«•'*' »^«' 

Iidice, internally, in itself 

Inno^, the stomach 

Innun^y that which is included 

Inpeapbhce, thoroughly, inwarcBy 

Inpib-}>onc ) an inward though^ a 

Inpit-i>onc 3 deeeitfnl thought 

lob, Jove 

Ipnan, to ran 


Ippan, to be angry 

Digitized by 




IpS, icy 
I]>acise, Ithaca 
lu, formerly 

Kafepe, Cnsar, an emperor 
Kunins, a king 

J^lo! oh! 

Lacan, to play, to sport 

fjimian, to heal 



Lnce, a physician, a leech 

Lnoe-qu&ft, the art of medicine, 

Lnce-bom, medicine, a remedy 
L»ban, to lead 
Ii»ben, Latin 
Lnprn, to leaTe, to relinquish 


Lnnan, to lend * 
Lene, slender 

TjJfJlong; comp. lens; snp. 

Lnpan, to teach 

L»f , less 

L»ftan, to foUow 

L»tan, to permit, to let go, to leave, 

to suppose 
Laf, the remainder, what is left 
Lasn, water 
Li^-]rlob, ocean-flood 
Lasa-]i:peam, the sea, the ocean 

J^I^J long, a long time 

Lans-F»p, long continuance 
Lansxtim, lasting, long 
Lap, learning, lore, admonition 
Lapeop, a teacher, a master 

Laft, at length 

Late, late ; comp. latop 

La's, hateful, hostUe, destructive 

La'Shce, horribly 

Leaj:, permission, leave 

Leaf, a leaf 

Leahtep, a sin, a crime 

Leanian, to reward, to recompense 

J;~r^^jftl.e, loose 

Lear-n^ell, a fable 

Leaf-jpelluns, false opinions, false 

Leafuns, lying 
Leax, a salmon 
Leccan, to moisten, to be wet 
Lecsan, to lay down, to lower 
Lej:, left 
Les ) 
Lesa > a flame 

Lis ) 

Lesan, to lay, to place 
Lencten, Lent, the spring 
Leng, length 

Leob 7 

Leob-i^iuma, a leader, a chieftain 
Leob-hata, a hater of people, a 

Leoht, light 
Leohtan, to lighten, to make light 

Lior C P^c*^^ beloved, dear 






lieopcml, estimable 

Leofpenb, beloved, acceptable 

Leosan, to tell a lie, to deceive 

Leoma, a ray of light 

Leopman 7 . , 

Leopnisan 5 

Lio« } * ^®'^ * P*^®™' * **^ 
Leot^-pyphta, a poet 
Lettan, to hinder 

► to live 

) learn 

Digitized by 




Libbenbe, liying 

I;^"} to lie, to extend 

lacian, to please, to like 

Licpyp'S, worthy of esteem 

Lif , life 

Lifep, the liver 

Lisec, lightning; pi. lySetn 

lahtan, to shine, to give light 

Lim, a limb 

Limplice, fitly 

Lin^piSenb, a warrior with a shield 

Lij^n, to collect, to gather 

LijTe, favoor 

Lift, science, skill, power 

Lifrum, skilfully 

Li'5, a cup 

LI'S, mild 

LiJ>an, to sail 

LitS-mon, a sailor 

Lizan, to shine 

Locen, an enclosure, bounds 

Locian, to look, to see 

Lojr, praise 

Lonbej*-ceo|il, a husbandman 

Loppe, a flea 

Lofian, to lose, to perish, to go 

. Lot, a lot, deceit, craftiness 
Lot-ppenc, deceit 
Loz, a lynx 
Lufe, love 
Lupan, to love 
Lupenb, a lover 
Lunelle, forthwith, quickly 
Luft, desire, pleasure, lust 
Luft-b»ji, cheerful 
Lu)t;-b»pe, desirous 
Luft-bfl&plice, delightfully, with 

Luj*t-b»pnej*, happiness, desire 
Lurtlice, willingly, joyfully 

Lu)tam, willingly 

Lutan, to incline 

Lyccan, to pluck up 

Lypm, to permit 

LyjiB, the air 

Ly)i»D, to wish, to choose, to be 

pleased with 
Lyt, UtUe 
Lytes, crafty 

Lytel } little, small ; comp. ls»f , sup. 
L;^le ) ls»ft 
Lytehce^ deceitfully 
Lythan, to diminish, to lessen 

CDacian, to make, to form, to do 
CDssben, a maiden 
CD»sen, virtue, strength, might, 

CDtesen-cpsejic, chief strength 
CD»sen-ftan, a huge stone 
CDflssn* power 
CD»s^, a maiden, a country, a tribe, 

a kinsman 
CD»^-hab, virginity 
CDses-phte, a species, a form 
CD»1, a space of time 
CDsanan ) to mean, to intend, to 
CDenan y lament 

^^^ U crowd, many 

CDepa, famous, celebrated, great; 
sup. CD»poft 


CDsephc, noble 

CDaepfan, to be celebrated 

CD»p'5, greatness, glory, praise ; pi. 

CD»]*t, a mast 

CD»ft, most, greatest. See CDycel 
CD»tan,' to dream 

CDsB^, measure, degree, condition, lot 
CDas, a relation 
CDasan, to be able 
CDasijrep, a master 
CDaso-pinc, a citizen, a man 

Digitized by 




CDan, sin, wickedness, evil, disease 
CDan, sinful, wicked 
CDan-pill, full of wickedness 
CDaman, to admonish 

CDaniS-F^albhc, complicated 
CDanmaa, to people, to fOl ¥ri£h m«a 
CDan'Spaspe, gradons 
CDapa, greater. See QDyoel 
COape, more 
CDantyp, a martyr 
CDa'Sm, a vessel 
CDa'Sm-hyjibe, a treasurer 

CDeafic, a boundary, a territory 

CDeapaan, to mark, to mark out 

CDeappian, to err 

CDece, a sword 

CDeb, meed, reward 

CDebeme, worthy, desirable, perfect 

CDebemhce, worthily 

COebemnef, dignity 

CDebtpunmej* 1 

CDettpnmnef I- infirmity, weakness 


CDelbian, to make known, to display, 

to inform against 
CDelo, meal 
CDen^an, to miac 
CDensio, a multitude 

CDennif chc ] ■™"^ 
COepbum, meritorious 
CDeoz, dirt 

CDepe, a mere, a lake, water 
CDepe-flob, the ooean 
CDepe>hense]^t a sea-horse, a ship 
ODepe-jtjie&m, the sea-stream, the 

Xepfc, a marsh 
CDetan, to meet, to find, to obdeiVe 
CDetan, to measure^ to mete, to com- 
CDete, meat 


CDe&Si&i^ ^0 mete, to moderate, to 

CDetsuns, moderation 
CDetob, the Creator 

Qj^^^j J much, great 

CDicdlic, great 
OOicelnef, greatness 
CDiclef, much 
CDiclum, greatly 

CDibban-eapb ) the earth, an en- 

CDibban-s^ap^ 3 dosure 

CDibbepeajib, midward 

OOibbel, middle 

CDibf ephfS, middle age 

CDibsehemlban, to satisfy 

CDibleft > midmost, middle class, 

CDibmefC > middle 

CDib-ope, the middle region 

CDib-jnntep, mid-winter, Christmas 

CDihte. See CDaman 

CDihtij;, mighty 

CDihtiSlice, mightily, powerfully 

CDilb, mild, merciful 

CCilb-heop^ merciful 

CDilb-heopcnej*, mercy 

CDilbjtan, to have mercy, to pit 

CDilbfuns, mercy, pity 

CDilt^-e, metcy 

CDin, mine 

CDinb^ian, to advise, to remind 

CDifcan, to mix, to dispose 

CDif-cJTipan, to wander 

CDifbeb, a misdeed 

CDifhpeppan, to pervert 

CDift, a mist 

CDi)>an, to conceal 

CCob, the mind 

CDobep ^ 

CDobop > a mother 

CDobup J 

CDobiSt proud 

CDobibc, magnanSmoTis 

CDob-fefa, the mind, the Hand's b 

CDolbe, the earth 

CDona, the moon 

Digitized by 




CDoncyB, aianluBd 

CDop, a moor 

CDopS^n, the momiog 

ODopsen-fteopiftat the m^mimgmtAf 

QDofi^op, ranrder 

CDoft, must 

CDoit, must, can 

CDunt, A Meuuti a mountw 

CDunt-s^oiS the Alpsi the mount of 

CDupnaiif to mourn, to «are ftac, to 

CDuf , a mouse 
CDuft, most, new iriae 
CDulS, a mouth 

CDynla, indinatioa 
CDyntan, to propose 

gl^SJ pleasure, delight 

O^pan, to hinder 
CDypiS, pleasure 

Nabban, not to ha^e 
Nacob, naked 
Nsebpe, a serpent 
N»neS) none 

N;:}-} was not 

N»jTe, a promontMy 

Naru ( *^® ^^^^ ^ ^ ^^^ 

Na^an, not to have or potoeM 

Naht ) 

Nanht. > naught, notiiing 


Nai»f , not at all - 

NalU]*, not only 

Nama, a name 

Nan, none 

Nat:, i.e. ne-pat. See pitan 

Nau^ep, neither 

Neabmsa, necosMiilgr 


Nean vnigfa^iiMu: 

Neap J 

Neaht) _. , - 

Nihc r's^^ 

Neajui \ 


Neapaner, trouble^ dieteMi 

Neapep, straitlj 

Neapepnef , anxiety 

Neappian, to straiten 

Neac "^ 

Neen > cattle, a beeit 


Nepere*^ [.presence, neighbourhood 

Neb, the face 

nI^c \ necessarily 

N^bSr?°'l,r''"*^' "'" 

Nib.J>eapr) *^«*'y 
Nemnan, to name, to mention 
Neob-f pe&ce, yolimtaiily 
Neob-)>eappes necesiaries 
Neoten, cattle, a beast of bwden 
Neo)>an, beneath 
Neo)>epa, lower, infexior 



Nepian | *<> preserve 

Nepsenb, a saviour; participle of 

Nef e nefe^ no, no ; by no means 

Netehc, beastly 

Nunan, to take^ to take away, to 

assume, to adopt 
Nio>op, lower 

Jf^J .otto know 

Ni|>emefC, lowest, nethermoat 

Ni>ep-healb, downwafdi 

Digitized by 




Ni|W, new 

N^opti, north 

NqptS-enbe, north-«nd 

NoptS-iwft, Dorth-weBt 

Nop^epeftpb, northward 

N(^ hm, o^joTinent 

Nocian, to enjoy, to poestst, to 

Nn, now 

Nn-pihte, Just now, straightway 
Nyb-^fif, necessary, needful 
Nyllan, to be nnwilling 
Nyt, purpose, use 
Nyt, perfect 
Nyc-pyjitS, useful 


Or, of 

Ojpabon, to remove, to do away 
Opiteon, to draw out, to remove 
C^beatan, to kill, to strike 
(^becnman, to come ttom 
CibwsA, a fall, a setting 
0]:b»lpe, more prone 
C^bune, downwards, down 
0|rep) a bank 
Oj«ji, beyond 

C^pbjusban, to overspread 
(^epcuman, to overcome 
(^epbpencan, to be drunk 
C^p)»pan, to pass by, to pass over 
C^epjryll, intemperance 
0|%psan ) to pass over, to pass 
OJrepsanS^ 3 a^^X 

^epheopan, to disobey 
C^ephosian, to despise 
(^ephyb, a high mind 
C^epins, superfluity 

Opepmobnef, scorn, arrogance 
(^eppecan, to instruct 

OftpfmVS, iuperfloilj, too great 

Ojpepftou, to look down upon 

O yejif etetan, to cover 

Orepfessppan, to overstep 

Ofejifpi^an, to overcome 

Ojrepteon, to cover over, to over- 

Opep^pr, great need 

Opep^n, to excel, to soipass 

Oy«i^«inan, to overcome 

Ofepypeon, to cover over ; part 

OpSepitan, to depart 
C^henan, to take away 
Oppnan, to run off, to outran 
(^eean, to let out 
Oplyrt, desirous of 
(^3niman, to remember 
Oijceamuui, to shame, to be 

OjTion, to see, to behold 

(^Tieean, to oppress 

Ojrr^ean, to slay, to kill, to cut off 

0|rfm>an, to cnt off 

OjTpdsan, to devour 

0]:t, often 

Ofteon^ to draw off, to deprive 

C^)>mcan, to bethink 

(^>piocan, to oppress 

0):tp>Bb, frequent 

Ojrpunbpob, astonished 

Oleccan, to flatter, to allure, to 

cringe, to gratify 
Olecuns, flattery, allurement 

8sg;is {'•'«'• • 

Onbitan, to bite, to taste of 
Onblnpan, to blow upon 
Onbypban, to animate, to encourage 
Onceppan ) to turn from, to turu 
Oncyppan 3 back, to change 

OncpeJ'an, to reply, to echo 
Onb^ie, mind, understanding 
Onbpasban, to dread, to fear 
Onbfpope, an answer 

Digitized by 




On-eapbian, to dwell ia 

On-ecnejTe, for ever 

Onettan, to hasten 

ODpnban, to find, to discover 

Onjron, to receive, to accept 

Onsean, against 

Onsmnan, to begin 

Onsitan, to perceive, to know, to 

Onhasian, to be at leisure, to be 

Onhelban, to incline 
Onhmsan, to bow dovm, to incline 
Onhpepan, to stir up 
Onhpinan, to toach 
Onhpeapfan ) to change, to go 
Onhjpeopfan 3 away 
Onhypian, to imitate * 

Omnnan, within 
Onipnan, to run, to move 
Onlacan, to sport 
Onlaft, at last, at length 
Onlaenan, to lend 
Onla&tan, to relax 
Onleosan, to belie, to falsify 
Onhc, like 
Onlicnef , a likeness 
Onliefan, to liberate 
Onlihcan > to enlighten, to shine 
Onlyhtan 3 upon, to shine 
Onlucan, to unlock 
Onlutan, to incline 
Onf acan, to deny, to retort, to 

Onfcunian, to shun 
Onpen, an aspect 
0nps<^ to descend, to sink 
Onpttan, to press down, to beset 
Onjtypian, to agitate, to excite 
Onfunbpon, apart 
Onfpipui, backwards 
Ontisuij to untie, to unloose 
On)>once, delightful 
Onpncman, to awaken, to excite 
Onpenban, to change, to turn aside 
Onppecan, to revenge, to punish 
On]ypi]>axi, to reveal 
Onpoman, to dwell, to inhabit 
Open, open, exposed, dear, evident 
^enlice, openly, plainly 


Opcumaii, to overcome ; contracted 

from ojrepcoman 
Opb->7iama, the origin, the author 
C^alb, old 
Opelbo, old age 
OpSeUice, arrogantly 

C^mob, distracted in mind, dejected 
(^imobnef , mental disease, madness, 

^ropS» secure, prosperous 

Otepan, to appear 

0]>ep, another 

0]>ep, otherwise 

OSpejtan, to commit, to trust, to 

OSpinan, to touch 
O^facan, to deny 
O^ftanban, to stand still 
OS)>e, or 
O^jntan, to blame, to reproach 

Papa, the Pope 
Pats, a path 
Peappoc, a park 

PelSJ'ian, to make a path, to tread 
Hantian, to plant 
PleSa, play, sport, pastime 
Pierian, to play 
Pleo ^ 

Pleoh > peril, danger 
Pho J 

Pbohc, dangerous 
Ppicu, a prick, a point 


Racenta, a chain 

Racn, rhetoric, a discourse, an ex- 
Rab, a riding 
Raecan, to reach 

Rssb, a discourse, counsel, advantage 

Digitized by 




Rasbttiif to VBsd, to govern, to decreo 
Rasbelf e, a riddle, imagiaatiott, am- 

R»S^ A garment, clothing 
Rspan, to bind 
Rsft, rest, repose 
Bsfpian, to thiak, to vMdItate 
Rap, a rope 
RtSS, qnickljr 
Reab, red 
BjtKpepe, a spoiler 
Reapan, to rob, to take sway 
Reaflac, vpoSly rapine 
Recan, to reckon, to coant, to idste, 

to explain 
Recan ) to regard, to cme ftr, to 
Reccan ) direct, to govern 

Reocdert ( recklessness, careless- 
Receleft; 3 ^^^ 
Reccepe, a rhetoriciaa 
Recelf, incense 

g^^^l immediately, straight 

Ren, rain 

«f* { severe, fierce^ violent. 

Re[>iS-niob, fteroe in mind 

Ric, dominion, power 

Ric, rich, powerful, in antirarky 

Rice, a kingdom 

Ricpan, to rule, to reign 

Riban, to ride 

gifj right, justiise, truth 

Rihtan, to correct, to imtmct, to 

make right 
Rihte, immediately, straightway 
Rihtenb, a ruler, a governor 
Rditlic, just, regular, upri^t 

Riht-pellenb, right wilhirg, wisbing 

what is right 
Rihtpij*, rightwise, righteous 

Rihtpifner, Jostiee^ wisdom, riglit»- 

Riman, to number 
Rinc, a man, a warrior 
Rmb, the bark, the rind 
Ripa, a handful of com, a aheaf 
Ripe, ripe 

Ri/K \ ^ ^^^^ ^ rivulet, a riTai 
Rob, the rood, tlie cross 
Robop, the sky 
Romanifc, Roman 
Ronb-beah, a boss 
Rof e, a rose 

Rum, wide, large, august 
Rumev widety 
Rumebhc, spadons 
Rumebhce, abundantly 
Rummob, bountiful 
Run-cofa, the breast, the wSuA 
Ryn, a roaring 
Rynan, to roar 

Sacu, strife 

Sabian, to be weary 

88e, the sea 

Sm-dif, tbe sea-dflf, the sfaoie 

Smbf seed 

8»san "^ 

Secsan > to say, to prove 

Began > 

8»1, good 

8flel ) 

SelpaJ ^**®'' *^®"^ ^^ ^ 

8»1 > 

88ene, dull, sluggish 

88D-t]lca, one who ploagbs the sea, a 

Sam, whether 

Sampa, worse 
8ampabe, unaoimoudy 
Samtenscf} continually, innn»» 

Sampif , half-wise, unwise 
Samppsebnej*, agreement, mlty 

Digitized by 




8anc 7 

gg J Borrow 

Sap-qnbf a fiorrowftd sayiqg, « 

moumfal song 
8apis, sorrowful sorry 
Saplic, sorrowful, grievoiis 
Saplice, sharply, sorrowfully, sorefy 

Sapan, to sow 

^^^ \ to blnsh, to be ashamed 

Scanbhc > ^„.„ ..^ 

Sceab, the shade, a shadow 

Sceajx, creation 

Sceajt;, a shaft 

Scealan, to owe, to be obliged to any 

Scealc, a servant, a man 
Sceame, shame 
Sceamelea)*, shameless 
Sceapb, a shard 
Sceappnef) sharpness 
8ceapp]<ene, sharp-sighted 
Sceat, a region 
SoeaJ>a, a robber, an enemy 
Sceapiaa, to behold, to vieir 
SceapunSi contemplation 

sciib c * *^®^^ » "*®** "* ^""y 

Scell, a shell 

Sceol, a gang, a crowd, a shoal 

8ceop, a poet 


Soeppenb > the Creator, a maker 

Scippenb J 

Sceopt ) short ; com. fcyptpa ; 

8co)U: 3 sup. rcyp^r^ 

Sceotan, to shoot 

Sciene, beautiful, shining 

Scima, splendovr, brightness^ a nj 


Scmlac, magic 
8cip, a ship 

Sciprtypa, a pilot 

8cip, pure, clear, sheer 

Scoltt, a sdiool, a band 

Scpibpien, a chair of state 

8cpi|:aa, to care for 

Scpi'S, a revoltttiom 

Scucca, the devil 

Scyftan, to verge, to incline 

Scylb, guilt, sin 

Scylban, to shield, to defend 

8cyl-p)*c, a shellfish 

8cyppan, to create 

8cypm»lnm, confusedly 

Scyppan, to adorn, to sharpen 

Sealc, salt 

Seapohee, artfully 

Seapii, a fraud 

Sea's, a well, a golf . 

8ecau, to seek 

Sees, a warrior 

8ecS) a speech 

Sejra, the mind 

Sejt;, soft, quiet 

Selan, to soil, to stain 

8elcu^ ) strange, extraordiaary, 

8elbcu^ 5 unknown 

Selban 1 

Selbhponne ) 

Selbum-hponne, sometisies 

Seleft, best ; superlative of fel 

Self, self 

Selplic, self -liking, self-love 

8elp-pill, self-will 

Sdila, a giver 

Sellan > .^ .^^ 


8ellic, wondeifU 

8enban, to send 

8eoc, sick 

Seofont^, seventy 
Sylfop r''^" 

• seldom 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



Seolocen, silken 
8eoiif to see 

Settan, to set, to place, to lerrange 
. 8iapo-qMB]:c, a skilful art 
81b, peace, agreement, reUtionsbip 
Sibfomhce^ peaceably 
Sioceenns, a sigh, sobbing 
Siciha, SicUy 
81b, wide, yariona 

Siepan, to lie in wait, to plot 

Sijrtan, to sift 

Sisan, to sink down, to mst 

SiSe, a victory 

8iSe, a setting, declining 

Sisenb, thirsty 

8ise-|»eob, a victorions nation 

8in, always 
Sine, a heap 
Smc-Seof, a money gift 

l^^j continual, Usttng 

SinsaUiee, perpetually 

Sinsan, to siog 

8inrape, wedlock 

Sint. See pefan 

8ioca, a sick person 

8io)x>n, seven 

8io)x>J>a, bran 

810I0C, sUk 

8iopian, to sew 

Sra, time, occasion, a path, an arrival 

Sittan, to sit, to dwell 
81»|^, sloth 

Slap, slow 

81ean, to slay, to strike, to east or 

. Slepan on, to slip on, to cast on 
8htan, to slit, to tear 
8h1S, changeable, inconstant 

8ma], small 

Smcahc, subtle, deep, profound 

Smeohce^ deeply, profoundly 

Sm^an} ^ "^^^"^ *° meditate 
Smeapaan, to smile 
8meanns, argument 
8mec, smoke 

8mtle I °"^^ geiitle, calm, smooth 

Smusan, to flow gradually 

8nap, snow 

Snican, to creep, to crawl 

8ni]>an, to cut off 

8nyttpo, wisdom 

8o]rte, softly, gladly 

80I, mire 

8on, a sound 

8ona, soon, immediately 

8onb, saod 

8onbbeoph, a sand-hill 

8onbcopn, sand, grains of sand 

8o]iSian, to sorrow, to grieve, to be 

8o« 1 
So^a >true 

SotS-cpibe, a true saying, a maxim 
SoiS-ymrt, just 
So'S-psftnef , truth, sincerity 
So'S-fpell, a true history 
Spaca, the spoke of a wheel 
^Minan, to urge, to allure, to excite, 

to seduce • 
8peapca, a spark 
8peb, means, power, wealth, effect 
Spell, speech, language, disconrse, 

Spellian, to speak, to teach 
Spisettan, to spit 

8p?^ ito hiquire, to seek after, 

Spop, a pursuit, a track 

Sppnc, speech, language, subject of 

Sppecan, to speak 
Sppinsan, to spring 

Digitized by 





8ppyttan, to sprout, to bud 

I^^JasUff, a letter 

Scan, a stone, a rock 

^^} to stand, to be 

Stan-feafio-Sini} a precious stone 
Sea's, a shore 

^h^ ( ^ establish, to support 

ScajH)!, a foundation 

8ta)>ol-pfrft, stable, firm 

8ceap, a cup 

Steafic, stark, severe 

Seebe, a place, a station 

8temn, a voice 

Stemn, a stem, a trunk 

S&eopa, a steerer, a pilot 


Saopan v to steer, to direct 

8tipan J 

Seeopleaf, outrageous, without a 

guide, ignorant 
Sceoppa, a star 
8ceoppo]>ep, a rudder 
Steope, a tail 
Scepan, to raise, to honour 
Sceppan, to step 
Sticce, a small matter 
Scicciaii, to stick, to remain 
8ncel, a sting 
SnSt a path 

8ti$aii, to depart, to ascend 
SeiUe, still, quiet, fixed 
Stilner, stillness, tranqnUlity 
Sansan, to sting 
Stonbenbe, standing 
Seopm, a storm 
8topm-j*», a stormv sea 
8tx)p, a place, a dwelling 

8rpeam, a stream 
8epeoD, strength 
Stpican, to continue a course 
8cpoiishc, laborious, firm, power- 
8cunb, a space of time 

Seaman, to stun, to stun the ears, 

to beat against 
8eypiaii, to stir, to move, to agitate 
Stypienbe, moving 
Stypins, stirring, motion, experience 
8typman, to be stormy 
StJTimeub, stormy 
8ul, a plough 
Sum, some, a certain one 

Sumup-lans? summer-long 

Sana 7 

Sunbbaenb, a sailor 
Sunb^ J proper, peculiar, separate 
Sonbep-jtop, a separate place 
Sonbop-siFU, a peculiar excellence 

or gift 
Sa'S, the south 
Su'S-eaft, the south-east 
Suhepii, southern 
8u|>e-peapb, southward 
8a«-healb ) ^, , 
Spa, as 

^a-ejme, even so 

^a fop's rpa, as far as, as much as 
Spssc, taste, savour 

Spsspnef , sluggishness 

Sptsfhce, courteously 

Spts'S, a path 

Spts>ep, whether, whichsoever 

Spapan, to sweep 

Speapt, swarthy, black 

Spejran, to sleep, to smoulder 

Spepl, brimstone 

8p^, a sound 

Spesel, the sky 

Spesel-topht, heavenly bright 


Spilsan > to swallow 


Spdsenb, a gulf 

Speltan, to die, to perish 

Digitized by 




Spencan, to tr(nd}l« 
Speop, a father-in4«w 
^wofican, to dtiken 
Speopb, a sword 
Sfeocdiaii, to testify 

^>eotiil > clear, maaiftst 
Spntol J 

8pet, sweet 
Spetmet, a a wee t me at 
Spetnef, sweetness, an allaremeat 
SffiftJXf to move, to revolve 
8pi)T, swift 


8pin, a swine 
Spincan, to labour 
Spinsaii) to acoarge, to affiict 
^* ^ a neck 

Spi^, strong, great 
Spi^e, very 

Sjn^c, vast, excessive 
8jn^ce, poweifiilly 
Spi^op, rather, more 
8pi)>ort, most chiefly 
8)M)nsopne]*, drowsiness 
8potmet;taj*, sweetneats. See 

Syluin, to soil, to ataia 
SylojTien, silver 
8ynbeplic, peculiar 
8ynbep]ice, i^agiy, ^eptrattly 
8ynn, sin 
8yp, a moisteniog 

Tacn 7 . u 

Tacman > to show, to dodatt, to 
Tsecman S betoken 
T»can, to teach 
Taecnan, to see to, to show 
T»cmns, teaching, instructian 
T»lan, to deride, to blame^ to vp- 

braid, to compare 
T»l-pyp1$lic, reprehensibla 
Tarn, tame 

Tama, atama 

Teap, a tear, a drop 

Tebpe, frail, weak, tender 

Tela, rightly, well 

Tellan, to speak, to count, to reckon 

Temian, to tame 

Teohhiaii, to think, to ead«a¥o«iv 

to suppose, to draw 
Teon, to draw, to allure^ te draw 

towards, to restrain 
Teona, an injury 
Teo>a, the testh 
Tib, tide, time, season 
Tiep, a heap, aaezpaaae 
Tispif, a tiger 

l^h^ \ ^^ ^^^^^ *^ ^^^ 

T% excellent 

Tile, Thule 

Tiban > to tiU, to toil, to «fiQot a 

Tiolan 5 c^^ ^0 endeavour 

TiUe^ a fixed state 

TMung } ^*^°"* pra^t, anxie«y 
Tima, time 

?^&S *«">-«'> 

Tipian, to irritate 
Tippin, a beloved prince 
Toblapan, to blow abant, to scatter 
Tobpseban, to spread 
Tobpecan, to break 
Toclufan, to cteave, to split 
Tocnapan, to distiagaish, to difloeni 
Tocmnan, to aniva at 
Tobselan, to divide 
Tobpi]:an, to drive, todispttue 

Topoplsetan, to allow 
Topunbian, to require 
T(^»bepe, together 
To^ebibban, to pray to 
Tosejneban, to join to 
Tosliban, to glide away, to slip 
Tohealban, to incline dowawaida 
Tohopa, ii^e 

Tolecsan, to separate 
Tonemnan, to name 

Digitized by 




Toniman, to separate 

To]i, a tower, a rock 

Topht, bright, splendid, ilhatrioinr 

Tof ceab, a difference 

Tof ceaban, to diYl4B, to discem, to 

Tojnotan, to shoot fo, to anticipate 
Toj*cpi>an, to irander 
Toflupan, to slip asunder, to dUn 

solve ; part tof lopen 
Tojxencan, to disperse; part. 

Ton!iFW*> to ®rr> to wander 
ToteUan, to zeckcMi 
Totepan, to tear in pieces 
Topeapb, the fatnre 
Topeapbef , towaed* 
Topenan, to expect 
Topenban, to torn 
Topeoppan 1 to orettiirow, to de- 
Topyppan J stroy 
Tpege, vexation 
Tpeop, a tree 

Tpeopa X faith, flddlty, a promii^ 
T^upa > tosth 
Tpeopen, wooden 

T^pan > to tnisf , to confide in 
T^upian y 
T^pnef, trust 
T^um, strong 

Tucian, to punish, to torment 
Tubop, a production^ a progenj- 
Tnnse, a tongue 
Tunnel, a star, a constellation 
Tupa, twice 

Tp» V 

TpeSB Vtiro, twain 


Tpeon f 
Tpeoniin5> doubt 
Tpeouns > 

Tpis? ft twig, a snnn branch 
T^ndiao, to twioUa 
Tjnopet, two-footed 
Tpiop»b, inconsistent 
l^an, to instruct 
Tybepnej*, frailty, weakness 

Tybpian, to nourish 
TybpnnSi propagation 
Tyhe, instruction 
T^bpe, fuel 

Ujran, above 
TJpop, higher 
Unabepenbhc, tmbearable 
Unabinbenbhc, indissoluble 
Un»)>e], ignoble, tranoble 
Unapeire; unexplained 
Unapimeb, countless, unnumbered 
Unafecsenblic, indesoribable^ sn- 

Una'Spotenhce, unceasingly 

Unbpoc, unbroken 
TJndsni, unclean 
Uncuiy, unknown, strange 
UncpeJ>enbe, inanimate, unspeakiki^ 
Uncynb, unnatural 
UnbealSiic, undying, immortal 
Unbep, under^ beneath 
UnbepbsBC, backwards, behind 
Unbqietan, to eat under, to subvert 
Unbepfon, to undertake, to obtain, 

to receive, to be subservient 
Uhbeplmam, to support, to sustain 
Unbepftanban, to understand 
Unbepjt;a>olp»f c, unstable 
UnbepJ>eob, subject, put under 
Unbepheoban > to make snl^ect, to 
Unbep)>ioban > degrade 

Une^er, uneasiness 
Unpss^ °ot fair 
Unp»s^C) healthy, undying 
Unppacoblice, honourably 
Unsebybe, disagreeing 

Unsebapenlice, unreasonably 

Digitized by VjOOQ iC 



UnSep^Pf impasMble 
UnserpttSlicef inconceivably, im- 

Unsejylb, insatiable 
UnSel<^pcbi unlearned, ignorant 
Cnselejpenbhc, incredible 

Unsehmp, a misfortune 

Unsemenseb, unmixed 

Unsemet, excess 

Unsemet, immeasurable 

Unsemetjrvft, intemperate, im- 

IJnsemetF8»]*cnef , intemperance 

Unsemedic, violent, immoderate, 

IJnsemetlice, immoderately, beyond 

Un^emynbiS, unmindful, forgetful 

Unseneb, uncompdled * 

Un^epab, rude, unfit, at variance 

Unsepeclice^ recklessly, confusedly 

Unsepim > innumerable, infinite 

Unpim y quantity 

Unsepifen, inconvenient 

Unsepif enlic, unbecoming 

Ungeyurenlice, indecently 

Ungepybehce, roughly 

Unseftelis, unhappy 

Unsefwl'S, trouble, misfortune, sor- 

Unsefceabpf, irrational, impradent 

UnserceabjnjTier, imperfection, 
want of reason 

Unsetej* e, inconvenient 
Unse^pasp, discordant, unrelenting 
Un^e'Speepnef, trouble, discord, 

Unse>ylb, impatience 
UnseJ>ylbelice, impatiently 
Unsetpum, infirm 
Unsepealbep, involuntarily 

uS^T^^I ™^'®' ignorant 
TJi^epiiT, ignorance 

Unsepitpill, unwise 
UnsepittiS, irrational 
UnSepundic, unusual 
Un^lab, unpleasant, not glad 
Un^leapnef , want of skill 
Unhal, unhealthy, unsound 
Unhepeb, unheard 
Unhiope, fierce, tempestuous 
irnhi>y, unhappy 
Unhpop, not bent down, erect 
Unhpeappenb, unchangeable 
Unlnpeb, unlearned 
Unlonb, a desert 

Unmebeme, unworthy 

uZSS '•»•»'»*• '^ 

nnmenbliDS&} unexpectedly 
Unmennif cjic, inhuman 
Unmetta, excess 
Unmiht, weakness 
IJnmynblinsa, undesignedly 
Unnebe, willingly, uncompelled 

Unnytkce, unprofitably 

Unofepnn^ebhc, unconquerable 

Unonpenbenblic, unchangeable 


Unpiht > wicked, unfit, unjust 


Unpihthemeb, adultery, unlawful 

IJnpihthc, unjust, wrong 

Unpihtlice, unjustly, unrighteously 

Unpihtpir, unrighteous 

IJnpot, sorrowful 

Unpotnef, sorrow, bewailing, sad- 

Unpyhtpijmej*, unrighteousness 

Unf amppseb, incongruous 

UnfcealvFulner, innocence 

Unfnytpo, folly 
Unjtill, moving, restless 
Unrtpens, wet^ 

Digitized by 



Unrfcypienbe, unstirring, immov- 

Unfpeotxil, imperceptible 

Unrs&ln, faultless 

Unfcela, not well, amiss 

TJn|>eap):, ruin, detriment 

Uny>eap, a fault, vice 

Un>ylbis> impatient 

IJnt:iblice, unseasonably 

TJntnlab, destitute 

nnt:iopiS» untiringly 

Untobs&leb, undivided 

Untobaeleblic, indivinble, inse- 

Untpeopa, wanting in faith, deceit 

TJnt^ymner, infirmity 

Untpeorealb ) „• „^,^ - i^ 

Unt^alb f "^ce^e, simple 

TJutpiosen&e, undoubting 
Untyb, inexperienced 
Unpenunsa, unexpectedly 
"UnpeopIS, worthless, dishonourable 
Unpeopl>iaii, to dishonour, to dis- 
TJnpeop'Sf cipe, dishonour, unworthi- 

XJnpiller ? against one's will, un- 
TJnpillum S willingly 
Unpifbom, folly 
Unpitnob, unpunished 
UnphteScui, to change the figure, or 

Unppecen, unpunished 
Unpup'Snep, unworthiness, mean- 
Unpynfum, unpleasant 
Unpypb, misfortune 
Upahebban, to raise, to advance 
Upaps&pan, to uprear, to excite 
Upenbe, the top, the upper part 
UpS^fapan, to go up, to ascend 
TJp-on-Sepihte, upright 
Uppan, upon 
Uppyne, rising, an up course 

Uf, pi. See ic 

Utabpifan, to drive out, to expel 

Utaf apan, to depart, to go out 

Utan, outwards, from without 


Ute > let us 


Utancyman, to come from without 

Ueapeallan, to well out, to spring 

Utemeft, most remote, furthest 
U'Spica, a philosopher 
Uua, woe 

^ 7ac, weak 

, 7achc, weak, vain 

, 7achce, weakly 

" 7aban, to wade, to walk 

, 78ecce, a watching 

, 78eb, clothes, apparel 

7iBbl, indigence, want 
, 7»bla, indigent 

7b6JZ, a wonder, a marvel 
, 78eg, a wave 

7elhpeop, bloodthirsty, cruel 

, 7»n, a waggon 

7enej*-J>ij*la, the waggon shafts 

7»pen, a weapon 
* 78ep, prudent 

7»pelice, anxiously 

78&pj'cipe, prudence 

7nji1Sf notable, extraordinary 
\ 7»ftm, fruit 
' 7aBt, wet 

7»ta, liquor 
^ 7»tep, water 
, 7»J>an, to hunt 

\ 7apan, to admire, to wonder at 
' 7ajruns, astonishment 

:;;«}» wall 

7asian, to wag, to move to and 

/an -) 

7on > dark, pale, wan 
" 7onn 3 * 

7ana, a want 
\ 7ancol, unstable 

2 T> 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



, TanblnnSi chuicMlileDess 

, ranbpian, to wander, to vary 

, 7ans, a field 

, Taman, to wane, to diminiih, to be 

, ^apcman, to guard one's self 
>apo^ \ 

' ^ean^r * *^^"'' '^' w*-8l»ore 

/eno« ) 

' 7tX, a flight 

/azan 1 

' 7eazan l> to increase 

/ezan J 

[ 7ea, woe, misery 

' Tea, miserable 

' Tealb, the weald, a wold, a fotest 

Tealban, to rule, to govem, to 

Tealbanb ) « 
, 7ealbenbe, powerful 

7ealble)>ep, a rein 
, Tealhftob, an interpreter 
' ^eallan, to boil up, to rage 
\ 7ealopiSan, to roll round 
\ 7ealopisan } to fall into decay, to 
' 7ealapan y wither 
\ 7ealpiaiK, to roll 
' 7eapb, a guardian 
[ 7eapbiSaD, to dwell • 

/eajun, warm 
[ Teaj*, by chance 
' 7e<4, a wedge, a mass of metal 
' 7ecssui» to rouse, to agitarte 
\ 7ebenbe, insane, mad 
•' 7ebep, weather, a storm 
>es, away 
. 7es-papan, to travel 

7eSFepe&b, a traveller 
/el, well 

7ela, wealth, riches 
" 7el-sehealben, well contented 
[ 7eli& rich 
' 7ell, a well, a spring 
' 7elm, heat, fire 

'7ena} * ^^^S^^ a° opinion 
/enan, to think, to ween, to 

J7enban, to tinm, to procaad, to bend, 

to govern 
, 7enbel-r», the WendeL sea 
, 7enbms» a change 
^ 7eob, a weed 
" 7eopab "^ 

7ep€b > a company, a host 

7epob J 

7eopc-man, a workmaa 

, 7eopob, sweet 

, 7eopp«n, to cast, to throw 

" 7eoptJ 1 

' 7cop1Skc y worthy, deserving 

;7ypJ,e J 

, 7eop>an, to be, to exist 

" 7eop'5piilic, honourable 

, 7eop^pillicc, hoDoorably 

7eop'Sscopn, desirous of honour 
, 7eop)'ian, to honour, to distinguiah, 
to enrich, to worship 

'eoptJmynb, honour, dignity 

'eop'Sfape, dignity, advantage 

'eopulb-bifS } worldly occupa- 
\ 7eopulb-bij^n5 J tion 
/eopulb-buenb, a dweller ia the 

, 7epan, to weep, to bewaU 
, 7ep, a man 

7epbaD, to corrupt, to injure 

7epiS, weary, vile 

7epilic, manly, worthy of a maa 

7epoban, to grow sweet 

7epJ>iob, a nation ; pi. men 
" 7ef an, to be 
' 7ert, the west 

7ej*t-b»l, the west part; i.e. the 

, 7e)te, a waste, a desert 
' 7erte-peapb, westward 
' 7eftmb»pe, fertile * 

" 7ej'Cmej't, most westward 
' 7hilum, sometimes 
' 7hon. See Dpon 

7ic, a station, a dwelling-place 

7ib, wide 
' 7ib-cu^, widely known, eminent 

7ibe, widely 
] 7ibsille, wide, spacious 

Digitized by 




, 7ibje;ilnef , amplitude 
7ibm»pe, far-fam«d, oeUbcated 

, hy, a wife, a woman 

, 7tfisLa, to take a wife, to marry 

[ 7is, war 

, 7isenb, a warrior 

. 7isej*-heajib, a leader of war 
7i-la-pei, well-away ! 
7ilb, wild 

, 7ilb-beop, a wild beast 
7illa, the will 

, 7illan ) to will, to desire, to wish, 
7ilman } to be inclined to 

. 7ilnans, desire 

, 7in, wine 

. 7mb, the wind 

,7mban, to wind, to wander, to 

|^mbej*-bom, the power of the 

j7inseapb, a vineyard 

rmjebpmc, wine-drink ; i.e» wine 

/mDan, to labour, to toil, to con* 
tend, to conquer 

,7mfcep, winter 

7mtpeS, wintry 

. 7ij», wise 

/ifbom, wisdom 

, 7ij-e, way, custom, wise 

, 7ij^, food 

. 7it, the mind 

,7ita, a wise man, a senator, a 

, 7it;an, to know 

, 7itan, to blame, to punish 

, 7ite, a torment, a punishment 

, 7i'5, with, towards 
7i'S-cpe>an, to gainsay, to contra- 
dict, to oppose 

|^i>ep3)eapb, adverse, rebellious^ in- 

. 7i]>eppeapbnej*, adversity 

, 7i>eppinna, an enemy 

, 7i"SFopan, before 

, 7i^metan, to compare . 

, 7i'Sjn:anban, to withstand 

. 7ii$pinnan, to oppose 

,7itnian, to torment, to punish, to 

^itnuns, punishment 

risetta, a loathing 

ylanc, splendid, rich 

riatian, to grieve 

ylenco, splendour, prosperity, pride, 

, 7htan, to behold, to look upon 
, 7hce, beauty, excellence 
' 7bteS, beautiful 
\ 7ob-h»aS, fury 


^ 7oh-fpemmenb, a doer of wicked- 
|^oh-h8sm«t;, adultery, «nlawfhl 

7ol, a plague, severity, mischief 

7olcen, a cloud, the welkin 

7on, error 

7oncla, unstable 
^ 7onb8eb, a crime 
\ 7onS-ftebe, a fidd 

7on-pilla, evil desire, lust 

7on-pilnuns, evil desire, a wicked 

purpose, lust 
, 7on-pypb, evil fortune 

7op, weeping 
, 7opb, a word 

] yojib'hojib, a treasury of words 
, 7opn, a multitude, a number 
"7opulb, the world, life in this 

^opulb-lujt, worldly lust, plea- 
, 7pac, exile, banishment 

7p8ec > vengeance, injury, revenge 

7pec 3 


/psscfi'S, banishment 

^ 7p8&c-)*top, an evil place, a place of 

7p8&nne)', lust, luxury 

7pa'S, anger, wrath 
7pa'5, angry, violent 

7pecca, an exile, a wretch 

y Google 



pesan, to accoie 
penc, a ftrand, deceit 
piSan, to tend towardB, to incline, 
to strive 

'pinsan, to wring, to press 
pitan, to write 
'pitepe, a writer 

7ahhans, madness, fary 
7yhc}* *^*°^' a creature 

7al);, a wolf 
7anb, a wound 
7anb, wounded 

ibO]l \ 

a wonder 

>S:^S::! wonderfully 

7anbian, to wound 
' 7unbpiaD, to wonder, to wonder at, 
to admire 

7unbpum, wonderfully 
\ 7imian, to remain, to dwell 
' 7ynfum, pleasant, winsome 
[ 7ynfunilice, happily 
[ 7ynfumnef , pleasantness 
\ 7y|ican, to labour, to make 
[ 7yphta, a maker, a wright 
" 7ypm, a worm 

7yjinan, to warn, prevent, refuse 

7ypfe, worse. See Yjrel 

7yjit, a plant, a herb 

7ypt]in]na, a root 

Yfel, evil 

Yjrel, bad; comp. pypfe ; sup. 

Ypele, evilly, miserably, badly 
Y]:el-]nllenb, evil-minded 

Y|«l-pypcan, to do evil 
Yfemeji:, highest, uppermost 
Ymb-cenpan, to turn round 
Ymb-clyppan, to encircle, to em- 
Ymbe, about 

V«^^*^^»»« circumference, 

Ymb-hpeopfan, to turn about, to 
turn round, to encompass 

Ymbe-hcsan, to lie around 

Ymb-fon, to encircle, to encompass 

Ymb-habban, to indude, to con- 

Ymbhosa, care, anxiety 

Ymb-fcpiHu!} to revolve about 

Ymb-fitcan, to surround 

Ymb-n>pecan, to speak about 

Ymb-ftanban, to surround 

Ymb-fpincan, to labour after any- 

Ymb-utan, round about 

Ypnuan, to afflict, to oppress 

Ypmins, a wretch 

Ypm'S, misery 

Ypnan, to run 

Yppe, anger, ire 

Yppinsa, angrily 

Ypfienb, angry 

YpjTins, anger 

Yjt, a tempest, a storm 

Yte, outwards; sup. ytemefC, fur- 

Y1S, a wave 

Da, as, when * 

D»pe. See Dif 

Dapan, to suffer, to permit, to' 

DapinS} permission 

n*°c C *^*"^*» "'"^^J mind, favour 
Danaan, to thank 
Danc-pyptJ, thankworthy, accep- 
Danon, thence 

Digitized by 




Deaht, counsel, thought 
Deajif, need, necessity 

d^pfST} *° "®®^» *^ ^*^® °®®^ 

Deapjrbce, carefully 

Deapl, heavy 

Deajile, greatly 

Deap, a custom, manner 

Deccan, to conceal, to cover 

DckbT C * ^^^^^1 * servant 
De^nun^ > service, office, duty, re- 
Denun^ \ tinue 

Dmcan ) "^^^^^ 
Denben, while 

Deob, a country 

Deoban, to join, to associate 

Deoben ) a lord, a ruler, a people's 

Ihoben 3 ruler 

Deobifc, a language, a nation 

0eob-lonb, people's land, a people 

Deojr, a thief 

|^»j to flourish 


Jhoytjio > darkness 

Diftpu ) 

Deop, a servant, a slave 

Deopbom, service, servitude 

Deopian, to serve 

• thick 

£>ic ) 


Dicsan, to eat, to receive 

Dibep, thither 

^^[ the like, such 

Dm, thine 

Dincan, to seem, to appear 
DinSy a thing 

Dmsepe, an advocate, a pleader 
Dmsian, to plead at the bar, to 

Diob-niuma, a nation's founder, a 

Diortpan, to darken 

Dij*, this 

Difl, the shafts of a waggon 

Docpian, to be conducted 

Dolian, to suffer 

Done, the mind, the will, a wish 

Doncal-mob, wise in mind, wise 

Donecan, as often as 

Dononpeapb, thenceward, from 

Donne, than 
Dojin, a thorn 
Djiaeb, thread 
S^»sian, to run 
Dpas, course of events, space of 

Dpea^an, to vex, to harass, to 

Dpeat, a troop 

Dpeatian ? to threaten, to chide, to 
Dpietan ) admonish, to terrify 
Dpeatung, correction 
Dpeaun^, a threatening 

feS^! *'<««>-<'*— 

Dpibba, third 
Dpie-pealb, three-fold • 
Dpin^an, to crowd, to throng, to 


Dpittis, thirty 

I)pote, the throat 

Dpopian, to suffer, to endure 

Dpyccan, to tread on, to trample 

Dpym, greatness, majesty, a crowd 

i^ym, glorious 

Dunep, thunder 

DmiTuan, to thunder 

Dnph-jrapan, to go through, to 

Dapb-|*eon, to see through 

Dnph-teon, to accomplish, to fulfil 

Duph-punian, to remain, to con- 
tinue, to persevere 

Dup)% thirst 

y Google 



DvpfteS, thirsty 

Du)*, thus 

Dafenb, a thonaand 

Dpapian, to temper, to modemte 

Dpeop, perverse 

i^^eopteme, a brawler 

0y, then, when, therefore, because 

Dy-l»f , lest 

Dyle, Thole 

Dypel, a hole 

Dypjxao, to thirst 

Dyj^ie, dark 



Digitized by 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

Digitized by