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3 1833 00855 8535 

The Ancient Rogers Motto. A. D. 1483. 
"We and ours for God," 





It includes records of their ancestors bearing 
the names Baker, Baldwin, Breckinridge, 
Brown, Bryson, Byrd, Curd, Dudley, 
Goodman, Horsley, Kennedy, Le Bruen, 
McClanahan, McDowell, McKesson, Poage, 
Reed, Rogers, Thornton, Trice, Sampson, 
AND Woods. 

"A worthy ancestry is a stimulus to a worthy life." — Ruskin. 


9 ^^. 2/ RICHMOND, VA.: 

The William Byrd Press, Inc. 



Copyright 1922 


Mrs. John Russell Sampson 





'From generation to generation of them that fear Him." 
"His righteousness unto children's children." 


Among authorities consulted and quoted are: 

Hening's Statutes of Virginia. 

Baird's Huguenots. 

Lists of Huguenots East London Parishes. 

Hanna's Scotch-Irish. 

Neale's Puritans. 

Huguenot Emigration to Virginia. Va. Historical Society. 

Foote's Sketches. 

The Byrd Papers. 

History of Albemarle Co. Rev. Edgar Woods. 

History of King and Queen Co. Rev. A. L. Bagby. 

History of Pocahontas Co. Rev. Wm. T. Price. 

Annals of Augusta Co. Hon. Addison Waddell. 

Economic History of Va. 17th Cent. Philip A. Bruce. 

Social History of Va. 17th Cent. Philip A. Bruce. 

Captive of Abb's Valley. Rev. Wm. Brown. 

Historic Famihes of Kentucky. Thos. M. Green. 

List of Persons of Quality, etc. Pub. London 1874. 

Records in Patents. Capitol, Richmond, Va. 

Record of Deeds. Philadelphia, Pa. 

Records of Albemarle Co., Va. 

Records of Frederick Co., Va. 

Records of Goochland Co., Va. 

Records of Henrico Co., V^a. 

Records of Orange Co., Va. 

Old Churches and Old Families. Bishop Meade. 

Parish Book, Stratton-Major. King and Queen Co., Va. 

Parish Book, St. James-Northam. Goochland Co., Va. 

Parish Book, Frederick Parish. Frederick Co., Va. 

Voyage of the "George and Anne." Charles Clinton. 

The Baldwin Genealogy. C. C. Baldwin. 

The Cabells and Their Kin. Alex. G. Brown. 

The Dudley Family. Dean Dudley. 

The Sampson Family. Mrs. L. B. Sampson. 

The Walker Family of Wigton Scotland. 


The Woods-McAfee Memorial. Rev. Neander M. Woods. 

One Branch of the Woodses. Rev. Edgar Woods. 

Ms. History of Mary Moore's Descendants. Margaret Dabney 

Ms. Statement of the Rogers Family. Senator Joseph R. 

Ms. Memorabilia Rogers Family. Edmonia Beauchamp. 

The Rogers Family. Lieut.-Gov. John Cox Underwood. 

The McClanahans. Rev. H. M. White, D. D. 

Also several hundred letters, some very old, including the col- 
lections of Col. Archibald Woods and of Col. Micajah Woods. 
Also full notes taken at the time from the statements of reliable 
older people now passed away. 


' To my daughters 

Anne Russell Sampson, now since June 11, 1912, 

Mrs. Richard V. Taylor, Jr., 


Merle D'Aubigne Sampson, now since September 25, 1917. 

Mrs. Oliver Wolcott Toll, 


to all others who care to "listen in." 

When you were little children and got the stories you begged 
for, you would say, "O Mother, write it down"; and as you 
grew older you were more and more insistent. And you would 
ask, "What kin are they?" as I myself had done, about certain 
cousins dear to us, but not closely related : those within such 
Virginia degrees as to "call cousin," which meant of the same 
blood! My mother, even my father. Rev. Edgar Woods, a 
natural genealogist, would answer, "I do not know exactly where 
they come in." Yet the clan was strong in their blood, and so 
it came to me. About 1890 I began to collect definite information 
about ancestors and collaterals. My father did much of this, and 
cared much for Kith and Kin. Now the first meaning the dic- 
tionary gives of Kith is "Knowledge" : the secondary meaning 
"one's own people," those we know, or are supposed to know, 
all about. So for the purpose of this writing. Kith and Kin seems 
an appropriate name. People may be kin to you, of your blood 
and race, yet not Kith or known, until you know what kin they 
are. All the people in the following pages are kin to you — my 
children — and when you have read, they will be both kith and kin. 

Your father's father, Rev. Dr. Francis Sampson, died when 
your father was only four years old: he was separated from 
his mother when he was ten: he knew about no one beyond 
"Grandfather Dick," not even his great-grandfather's name, 
which seemed to me like a breach of the Fifth Command. So I 
needs must search out his kindred for you. 

Having heard my father and others lament that much had been 
lost which might have been obtained from those older who had 
passed away unquestioned or unheeded, I first of all wrote to 


every old person on all sides of both families. Most appreciative 
letters came back, full of interesting items. Also the clerks of 
all the counties where your forbears had lived, responded most 
kindly. Where people have owned land, the generations can be 
followed. But in Virginia by the fortunes of three wars, many 
records had been destroyed. In King-and-Oueen County, for 
instance, the Court House was burned in the Revolutionary 
War, again in 1812, again in the Civil War. In this case and 
others, I was able partially to recoup this loss from Parish Books. 

To you, my children, I am glad to say that you come of good 
people. They were gentlefolk; and better, godly folk. Almost 
every drop of your blood came to America for conscience' sake, 
fleeing from persecution in one form or other. Scotch, Ulster- 
Scotch, Puritan, Huguenot, "they loved their God more than 
goods or native land." 

As to their station, in almost every case they were leaders in 
those early days. In Virginia, as a rule, civic honours were 
denied them. As most of them were Presbyterians, therefore 
Nonconformists to the Church of England, they could not be 
members of Council or of the House of Burgesses. But until the 
Test Act shut them out, they held offices: Clerk of Court, "High 
Sheriff" and "Gentlemen Justices of the King's Peace." In 
Colonial Virginia as in England, the sheriff was a personage, 
the chief officer of the Crown, "Letters Patent committing to 
him the custody of the County as Keeper of the King's Peace." 
The High Sheriff had "honorable" deputies, beside all the justices 
as administrators of his decrees. The word Sheriff is Saxon, 
"shire-reeve," reeve meaning "judge, prefect or fiscal officer." 
I can remember older people speaking with pride of one or an- 
other who "rode sheriff." Rank as officers came more easily. 
Governor Gooch approved of these sturdy Presbyterians as a 
"frontier wall against the savages" : a good opinion which George 
Washington also held. 

A word as to "proving importation." A great number of people 
were sent to Virginia, the Barbadoes and other Colonies, as to 
Australia in the last century, in punishment for legal offences: 
hence New England's sometime sneer about "convict aristocracy." 
But many of those "convicts" were the very best people both as 
to birth and character and thev were exiled for no crime, but for 


political or politico-ecclesiastical reasons. There is in all great 
public libraries a "List of Persons of Quality" — being simply 
copies of receipts given by ship captains who bought the best 
blood of the West of England after Monmouth's Rebellion and 
Jeffrey's Assizes. Moreover many, impoverished by fines or per- 
secution, in order to reach the land of promise and freedom, sold 
themselves for a term of service. They were known as "in- 
dentured servants" and were often cultured persons, such as the 
one in "Prisoners of Hope." Many of the early teachers were 
such. After the stipulated five, ten, twenty years of service, they 
were free. There should have been no obloquy : but they could 
not patent land, though they could buy of any who would sell. 
Those who would patent, must state that they "came at their 
own charges." 

Not one of your fathers were "indentured servants" or exiles 
by law. All are found in the records in such case as the follow- 
ing: "Alexander Brackenridge (they changed the spelling later) 
came into court May 22, 1740, and made oath that he had im- 
ported himself, his wife and seven children (named) from Ire- 
land (Ulster) to Philadelphia and thence to this Colony at his 
own charges, and now appears to partake of His Majesty's bounty 
for taking up lands and this is the first time of proving his and 
their rights in order to obtain lands, which is ordered to be certi- 
fied." This Alexander who was your five-greats-grandfather, also 
purchased 245 acres from Beverley, March 24, 1741. Robert 
Poage and his \\'ife, your four-greats-grandparents, qualified the 
same May day, 1740. 

The Colony was anxious to attract good settlers. Governor 
Gooch, October 3, 1734, promised Benj. Borden 100,000 acres 
"on James River west of the Blue Ridge" as soon as he would 
locate a hundred settlers on the tract. This Benj. Borden had 
just received a very large grant — a very dift"erent thing from a 
patent — in Frederick County, afterwards called "Borden's 
Manor." Richard Woods, the oldest son of Michael W'oods, and 
his son Samuel, were among the first settlers of this Manor. It 
is said that Borden had paid a visit to the Governor, taking him 
a buffalo calf as a present for his "park," and the Governor 


delighted, over his cups, gave away this extensive grant in the 
King's name. 

But your ancestors were not of this sort. You used to tell 
people that "Mother" would never think you as good as your 
forbears, however good you might be; wherein you did your 
mother injustice. Most of those gone before, truly set us an ex- 
ample not easy to equal, but I always believed you would attain, 
perhaps surpass ; since each generation ought to "build a little 

But truly, as I have inquired not only of our own blood, but 
of impartial outsiders, I have had high testimony. I can find 
no one who did not keep his word ; even though in more than 
one case he had "sworn to his own hurt, he changed not." There 
is not one who was not honorable and public-spirited, loyal and 
kind. Of the women, I heard of only one who was not beautiful ! 
even in old age. All were noted for beauty of character, for 
kindness to the poor, for friendliness and gracious hospitality, 
and most of them for unusually good management. They made 
homes comfortable and attractive, and were good wives and 
mothers. Truly it behoves you to be something fine, when all 
your grandmothers away back were beautiful and good ! 

An extraordinary number of your kindred have been in the 
ministry, mostly Presbyterian, though a few have strayed from 
the fold for the benefit of other churches ! A host of ministers' 
wives, too, as truly in the ministry ; and many missionaries. 
This list runs to nearly four hundred ! 

It is not that I have claimed perfection for your forbears. 
They were very human. They had their faults — the defects of 
their virtues. With their strong sense of justice, a ready in- 
dignation against injustice: their quick blood made them swift 
to avenge wrong, and it was hard for them to forgive. Their 
bravery was often reckless : their clan bond sometimes too exclu- 
sive. Their very strength of family feeling and especially of 
religious obligation, made them resent associations and partner- 
ships, marriage above all, with those deemed unworthy. They 
had a stalwart pride, a quick temper, an obstinacy often — in 
short, they were, most of them — Scotch ! and very proud of it. 

3505 Brook Road, Richmond, Va., April, 1918. 


In the writing of this record, it was intended only for my own 
children, and is therefore more intimate and personal than if in- 
tended for publication. But a number of cousins wishing copies, 
it has been printed by subscription. These further kindred are 
now besought to consider its genesis and be merciful in judgment. 
Every effort has been made to be accurate, but with many sources 
of information, errors may occur. So again, the reader's 
clemency ! 

August, 1922. 



The first Sampson of whom we have sure knowledge was a 
Huguenot. In 1700 the "poore ffrench," as they are so often de- 
scribed in Virginia Parish Books, began coming to Virginia from 
England, where they had taken refuge after the Revocation 
(October 22, 1685,) and the terrible persecution following. 

King William bestowed 10,000 acres for their settlement. In 
December, 1700, the House of Burgesses decreed them a separate 
"parrish" at "Manakin Towne above- the Falls of James River" 
(the falls which make Richmond's prosperity). They also ex- 
empted them from all taxes for seven years. In the Huguenot 
Parish Book, published by the Virginia Historical Society from 
gathered fragments much mutilated, there is found only one 
Samson — "April 16, 1728, Anne Tammas baptized by Mr. Nairn, 
minister of Varaine, had godfather Guillaume Samson, godmother 
Olive Salle and Briget — Manakin Towne, King Wm. Parrish." 
Notice the name Briget. I remember how you children cried out 
that a Briget must be Irish ! On the contrary, the good mis- 
sionary called St. Bridget by the Irish as a patron saint, was 
born a Frenchwoman in Bretagne; although she probably died 
as claimed, in Ireland. To this day Brigitte is a common name 
in western France. 

But already, three years before this baptism, Franqois Samson 
had patented land March 24, 1725, just across the James from 
Manakin Towne, in what was later Goochland County. In his 
vv'ill probated March 19, 1744, he names Brigitte his wife, Stephen 
(Etienne) his "only son" and four daughters: Priscilla, Mrs. New 
with a son Wm. ; Anna, Mrs. Fuqua (Fouquet), a son Joseph; 
Sarah, Mrs. Maxey, a son John; Judith, Mrs. Crouch, a son 
Richard. When Brigitte comes to write her will probated May 
17, 1757, she anglicises and gives herself as Bridget Sampson. 
Was it because, having moved away from the other "poore 


iifrench" across the river, and prospering a little as landowner, 
she desires to forget the land of her affliction? Or, if this sug- 
gestion of pride does her injustice, as your father used to hope, 
was it a reversion to their tradition of English origin, going back 
to Richard Sampson of Henry VIII's time? He was born in 
Sussex, was LL. D. of Paris and Sens, Bishop of Chichester 1536, 
of Litchfield and Coventry 1543. Under "Bloody Mary's" besom, 
he went with John Knox in 1555 to Geneva. There he is said 
to have married and had two sons. Returning to England when 
Elizabeth succeeded, he did not bring his family. Perhaps his 
wife had died ; let us hope so, and that the wee boys were in good 
kindred hands. Queen Elizabeth hated a married priest, above 
all, a married bishop. There was a Thomas Sampson, Dean 
of Chichester, when Richard was Bishop there : doubtless a kins- 
man, a brother perhaps ; as he held office in the same Cathedral, 
and "the buysshop" gave the deanerie, it seems likely. He also 
was an exile for his faith; and years after his return felt the 
weight of the Queen's relentless hand, because of his wife and 
ten children; he was in 1573 "restrained of his liberty by the 
Queen's order." He was a good man and a brave, but sorely 
bestead by that imperious majesty. 

When I was in England in 1898, I thought of going to Chi- 
chester; but first wrote to ask if there were any memorials of 
Bishop Sampson. The replies I had, though lengthy, I think 
worth transcribing here. I wrote to the Dean and received this 
reply : 

"The Residence, Chichester, 21st July, 1898. 
"Dear Madam: 

In the absence of the Dean of Chichester, I have undertaken 
to reply to your letter for him dated July 9th. There is no 
monument in the Cathedral to Bishop Sampson nor visible memo- 
rial of him. From the Sussex Archaeological Collections, Vol. 
XXIX, in the Cathedral Library, it appears, p. 35, that he was 
LL. D. of Paris and Sens, afterwards translated to Litchfield 
and Coventry as Bishop on February 9, 1543. He became Bishop 
of Chichester 1536. His many preferments, serving perhaps as 
steps to his appointment to Chichester, are also given on that 
page. He died Bishop of Bath and Wells. A fuller account of 


him may be found in Dean Stephens' Memorials of the See of 
Chichester, pubUshed by Bentley & Son, 1876, at pp. 215-221. 
This book no doubt can be seen at the British Museum. 

I have copied at length an interesting letter from him to King 
Henry VIII's Chancellor for you to spell through. Where the 
Ms. of this letter is, I cannot find out. It may be in the Record 
Office among the State papers of that period. Hoping that you 
may find these notes of interest to you, I am faithfully yours, 
R. E. Sanderson, Canon, in Residence. 

The Copy. The following letter occurs in King Henry VIII's 
scheme for new bishoprics by Bp. Richard Sampson in 1540: 

"A short remembrance by the bysshop of Chichester to the 
Chancellor of the King's Augmentacions to be signified to his 
majestic: — 

Firste that where it hath pleased the King's highnesse to make 
unto the seyd buysshop by the mouth of the seyd Chancellor to 
leave his buysshopprick of Chichester and take the new-to-be- 
erected buysshopprick off Westminster, the seyd buysshop seeth 
and knowligeth himself to be the King's most humble, treu and 
loving subjecte, and moroevre his Grace's olde servant, and 
theffer what so ever that he hath, by lyke as he hath receyvyd it 
by God and the goodness of his majestic, so it schalbe at his 
majesties disposition and pleasor at al tyms. 

The Revenews. It may please the seyd Mr. Chancellor to 
advertise his majestic that the buysshoprick of Chichester is 
yerely to the paying ofif the tenthes oon thewsand marcs ovyr and 
above casualties, that is to sey, wodesales, wards and wrekes oflf 
the seas. Wodesales well used may be there XL or L yerely : it 
hath beyn bettre to me. I have had oon ward fifor the which I 
have offered to me oon C marcs. It hath chaunced a wreke there 
oflf the vales of vi. or vii C. marks to the buysshop by the King's 
gracios graunte. The Visitation of the Dioceses every third yere 


is about L. (£80) toward her charges. There is also a little 

parke oflf ii myles about sufficient ffor my geldings, mares and 
coltes with feding for beves and motens sufficiently fifor my por 
howse and morovyr sufficient fewell ffor the same. 

The Promotions. The seyd bysshop giveth the deanerie oflf the 


Cathedral Chirch. Item the chaunter of the same, item the 
chauncellorship, item tresorership, item ii archdeaconries, item 
XXX prebendes, item xxviii benefices with an hospitall. A buys- 
shop of a cathedrall chirch neyther having dignites prebendes nor 
benefices in his disposition, where as by the King's acte he may 
have vi. chaplaines ffor his necessarie ministration, without fayl 
schall neyther have lerned man with hym, nor commissarie official 
or any other person meate to serve his most houmble desyres. 

Firste and principally that it may pleas the King's majestic to 
accept his humble submission most gladly to accomplis his 
greatios pleasor, ffor the goodness of his grace is not unknown 
to hym, and as it is his majesties hands and power, so it is his 
accustomed goodness to advance his por servantes, he most 
humbly beseecheth his majestic to considre his firste fructes and 
morovyr that like is now he hath the deanerie of Poules (i. e., 
St. Pauls) and the tresoreship of Salisbury, with the buysshoprick 
of Chichester, that so he may have his gratios license without 
fines or fees clerely to enter both in to the new buysshoprick, 
and also the seyd other dignities. Most humbly also he besecheth 
the King's highness that he may have some little howse in the 
contree to resorte unto ffor his helthe, and some wode to be 
alowed unto hym ffor his convenient fewell. Fynally that it may 
pleas his highness to graunte to me the rente of this half yere 
off the new buysshoprick, and he that shall succeede me to 
receyve the lyke rentes of Chichester ffor the more quietness of 
both, or else I schudde be at a great hynderance ffor causes redy 
to be schowed. 

The King's most humble subjecte, servante, and bedesman, 


Was ever such wonderful courtesy and kindness as Canon 
Sanderson's? Think of taking the time and trouble to copy all 
that by hand, too, not typewritten ! And later the dean returned 
and sent me another note on his own part, saying if I wished to 
come he would be "happy to shew me over the Cathedral." 
(Signed) R. V. Randall, Dean. 

King Henry's new "buysshoprick" did not materialize; the 
Bishop of Westminster today is a Roman Catholic prelate ! 


Bishop Richard shows a pretty clear head, and not a bad idea of 
his own interests, holding on to his "deanerie of Poules" and his 
"tresorship of Salisbury" ; but begging for the "little howse in 
the contree," in exchange I suppose for his "parke" with its 
"coltes and beves and motuns." But think of the church with a 
"Revenew" from a "wreke" ! 

Neale's Puritans says, "April, 1540, Bp. Sampson sent to the 
Tower on charge of having relieved certain traitorous persons 
who had denied the King's Supremacy." 

"1569. The Spanish Ambassador called Bp. Sampson the most 
pernicious heretic in England, because he with Lord Hunsdon, 
Bedford, Bacon and others had opposed Elizabeth's marriage to 
Philip II., Mary's husband." 

All this talk of "Buysshopricks" and "Revenews" was familiar 
ground to R,ichard Sampson, for he belonged, as the old chronicle 
calls it, to "a great clerical family." By the kindness of your 
cousin, Frances Robertson, I have lately had the benefit, which I 
hereby acknowledge, of a remarkable work by Mrs. L. B. Samp- 
son, member of the Maryland Historical Society, who has gone 
thoroughly into all manner of old English records. From her 
pages I glean the following. Dictionary of English and Welsh 
names gives the name Sampson in all its varied spellings — even 
that Sansom which you resented being called in Philadelphia — as 
derived from the old nth century church and monastery of St. 
Sampson at Rouen, The first of this churchly tribe in England 
were two brothers born at Caen, France, sons of Osbert and 
Muriel de St, Sampson, and wards of Odo, half-brother to Wm. 
the Conqueror, Thomas became the first Norman Archbishop 
of York, as later was Ralph's son, while another son, Richard, 
was Bishop of Bayeux. Ralph also finally took orders and be- 
came Bishop of Worcester. Malmesbury describes him as "noted 
for learning, a conspicuous member of a great clerical family" : 
of a noble presence, courteous bearing and handsome florid 
countenance," It) sounds like some we know ! 

In the next century, 11 80, there was another, Abbot of Bury 
St, Edmunds for 32 years, adding many acres by purchase — 
mark that, in a day when lands were wrung from death-bed 
penitents — "made many and varied improvements in the abbey 


estate, and won a great name by his steadfast devotion to right 
and justice" — somehow that sounds famihar; "when all the 
shrines in England were stripped for King Richard's ransome he 
resisted the sacrilege and St. Edmunds remained untouched." 
Scores of Sampson Clerg}' appear in the early Patent Rolls — 
from the first Archbishop of York before iioo — and Thomas 
Canon of York 1348 to 1400 "munificent benefactor in rebuilding 
nave." There were civil honors, too, aplenty. To mention one 
here and there. Alan Sampson was King's Bailiff (governor) of 
York 1263. His son, Sir John was Mayor; another son, Wm. 
summoned to Parliament as Baron Sampson 1209. In 1266 Sir 
John in Essex in List of Barons. In 151 1 another Sir John in 
Suffolk. Sir Symond 1563. His mother, a Hobart, had a son 
John, who married Bridgett Clopton, sister to the second wife 
of Governor Winthrop, to whom he writes January 12, 1629, 
about his son Samuel joining the Massachusetts Colony. 

But a hundred years before this, our Bishop Richard, son of 
Sir Wm. Sampson and Elizabeth Saye, his wife (their older son 
Registrar to Henry VIII) is described by Strype as one of 
Cardinal Wolsey's "household chaplains" : then King's Chaplain : 
then Dean of St. Stephens, and so on and on to his three succes- 
sive bishoprics. 

A Capt. John Sampson, who "made fine voyages with Sir 
Francis Drake," came to Virginia on one of them, May, 1586 — 
"the gallant Sampson" he was called. Mrs. L. B. Sampson thinks 
his son Francis "more than probably" our Francis who patented 
in 1725, but she did not know the Huguenot record, nor the 
"Boscobel" family tradition. 

The FrauQois who "came over" first from France to England 
and thence to Virginia, might have been great-grandson to Bishop 
Richard or even grandson : for the family clung tenderly to the 
tradition and loved the Church of England. Bishop Richard's 
name recurs again and again unforgotten : your grandfather's 
oldest brother bore the old name, though he did not live beyond 
childhood, and your own first cousin. Uncle Frank's son, is today 
Richard Sampson. Soon after Frangois was settled in Gooch- 
land, he was appointed caretaker of the Parish Church, St. James 
Northam. In France the threatened "temples" of the persecuted 


were cherished with exquisite care : so Francis felt more honored 
than a modern, used to the colored brother's ofifices, can imagine; 
and in his poverty probably did not despise the sexton's stipend. 
It was not long, however, before he rose to the vestry and for 
four generations the Sampsons were vestryman and church war- 
dens. The Parish Book in the Episcopal Seminary Library at 
Alexandria gave me much information. Among others, such 
entries as these: "Stephen Sampson Gentleman, is chosen Vestry- 
man in place of Dabney Carr Gent, dec'd November 19, 1773." 
Present at Vestry February 17, 1783: Stephen Sampson, John 
Curd (whose daughter Anne married Stephen's son), John Wood- 
son, probably Stephen's brother-in-law, Thos. Underwood (the 
Kentucky Senator's grandfather), Math. Vaughan, Andrew 
Tayne, Nath G. Morris, John Ware. Stephen Sampson II was 
elected church warden Saturday, September 8, 1787. 

April 5, 1790, John Curd, church warden. 

Feb. 5, 1780, Richard Sampson (son of Stephen) to procession. 

In 1775, Robert Poore (father of Major Wm. Poore) to pro- 
cession where Edward Curd and John Curd did last procession. 
This "procession" was the means taken to preserve right bound- 
aries of property. To be appointed to this work was a mark of 
confidence and of trustworthy position. Do you remember in the 
Blue Coat School in London where we saw in 1910 in the swim- 
ming pool, the point where the three parishes of Christ Church, 
St. Sepulchre and Great Bartholomew met, and were told how 
on May Day three boys and three girls with fresh willow switches 
"beat the bounds"? 

I found your Trice ancestors appointed to procession in King 
and Queen. 

From Vestry Book of old St. John's Church, Richmond : 

"At a Vestry held at Curl's Neck Ch. for Henrico Parish ye 
17th day June 1735. Present, Wm. Randolph, Esq., Richard 
Randolph, Bowler Cocke, James Powell Cocke, Gent. Vestrymen: 

"Pursuant to the Directions of an Act of Assembly directing 
the Dividing of Henrico Parrish, the Freeholders and House- 
keepers present do unanimously Ellect Edward Curd, John Wm- 
son, James Cocke, John Povall, and Robert Moss, by which with 


the Vestrymen formerly of this Parrish make up the number of 
twelve who take the Oaths and Declarations as Vestrymen. 

"Oath. I do sincerely promise and swear to be Conformable 
to the Doctrine and Discipline of the Ch. of England. 

Signed: Edward Curd (first) and others. 

"Present at Vestry Sept. 2, 1735. Richard Randolph and 
Edward Curd, Gent., are app. to view the Chappell and report 
what reparation and addition are thereunto wanting. 

"Vestry, July 26, 1743. Beverly Randolph takes Oaths as 
Vestryman in place of Edw. Curd, dec'd, as chosen Oct. 2, 1742." 

The "only son" of Francis, Stephen (Etienne), married Mary 
Woodson : his will contains names of nine children : Judith, 
Charles (who had married Anne Portier, daughter Thos. 
Portier and Eliz. DuToit, and had two children, Archibald 
and Elizabeth Barbara), Richard, William, Stephen, Samuel, 
Mary (Mrs. Maddox), Sarah (Mrs. Rice), Elizabeth (Mrs. 
Bennett). Archibald was sent to England for his educa- 
tion, when he came back be brought two fine race horses "Magic" 
and "Kitty Fisher," They were lively and somewhat unruly, 
and the children of succeeding generations were familiar with a 
gentle reprimand "Whoa Magic ! Whoa, Kitty Fisher." He died 
unmarried. His sister, Elizabeth Barbara, married first Capt. 
George Robards, a distinguished officer of the Revolution : four- 
teen children : John Lewis Robards, Vice-Pres. Mo. Sons of 
Amer. Rev., his descendant. Eliz. Barbara m. secondly Joseph 
Lewis, Jr. Some of their children intermarried with your kin 
of the Byrd Rogers line, and with your Woods kin of Richard 
the High Sheriff of two great Colonial counties. From them are 
many distinguished people in Kentucky and other States. 
Stephen II married Elizabeth Thornton, three children : Judith, 
from whom descend Farrars, Murrells, Sheltons, Turners, Mere- 
diths ; Richard (your great-great-grandfather) ; Robert, from 
whom Poores, Valentines, Carrs and others. Richard mar- 
ried Anne Curd, daughter of Captain John Curd (Va. Militia 
1778-1781 Rev. War), son of Edward Curd, both church wardens. 
It is to be remembered that Church and State being one in 
Colonial Virginia, Vestrymen were like Magistrates, deciding 
many civil as well as ecclesiastical matters, the spiritual alas! 


often lacking: but those chosen to the office were always out- 
standing men of influence in their community, having its con- 
fidence and usually men of marked character and authori'.y. 

Of Judith, daughter of Stephen Sampson and Elizabeth Thorn- 
ton, above mentioned, Mr. Thos. M. Fowler, Clerk of the Court 
of Appeals of Virginia for many years, wrote me May, 1896, "My 
father told me that his great-grandmother, the wife of Matthew 
Farrar of "Farrar Bank," was Martha Murrell, daughter of 
Judith Sampson, a member of the distinguished and wealthy 
family of that name in Goochland. They were all remarkable for 
great energy both physical and mental. She continued to ply her 
little flax wheel up to her death at 80 in 1842; and as it whirred, 
she recounted the events of her life and the glories of her soldier 
kinsmen the Sampsons. She was a charming talker, and I always 
iett that the impress of her Sampson mind and body added much 
to the Farrar stock. She was tall and fair, a lovely character, true, 
upright, kind, good to the poor. Mrs. Hart of "Hartland" was 
a granddaughter: her brother, John E. Farrar, of distinguished 
appearance and gifted intellectually, died early at Fayette, Miss. 
He had graduated in medicine at the university after studying 
with Dr. Geo. Harvie. His father, Col. Stephen Farrar (who 
had his name from his great-grandfather Sampson), asked Dr. 
Harvie one day "how is John getting on? Is he studious?" "I 
do not think he is," said the Dr. "he seems to read the lesson 
assigned as I would read a novel, throws down the book and 
strolls out; but when I rigidly examine him he knows all about it 
and reviews show his continued recollection." Shelton Farrar 
Leake, the distinguished lawyer and congressman, was the four- 
greats grandson of Judith Sampson. Mrs. Susan Hart Shelby, 
of Lexington, Ky., writes me she descends from these Sheltons 
and the Woodses of Albemarle." 

The wife of Senator John W. Daniel is a descendant of Judith 
Sampson Murrell. 

Richard Sampson I and Anne Curd had seven children : 
Robert; Richard (your great-grandfather); Elizabeth, married 
David Royster ; Mary m. Joseph Perkins ; Anne m. Josiah 
Hatcher; Francis; John; Rachel; Archibald, i. Robert married 
Agnes Poore, his cousin, granddaughter of his Uncle Robert: 
from them Keswick Sampsons, Thurmans, Dora Shackleford, etc. 


3. Elizabeth : David Royster, probably son of Wm. Royster, 
Vestryman 1785. These Roysters moved to Tennessee: their 
granddaughter Ella became your Uncle Thornton's wife. The 
Thurmans and Hancocks also are their grandchildren. Edward 
Thurman, the "Cousin Ned" you remember, came to Virginia on 
a visit to his kindred, a gay and handsome young fellow not yet 
twenty, fell in love with his beautiful cousin Agnes, a young 
vv'idow rather older than himself, whose first husband was also 
of your kin, Thornton Rogers, son of John, brother to "Aunt 
Polly," Grandfather Dick's beloved wife. So these cousins, Ed- 
ward and Agnes, with a swift, romantic courtship, were married ; 
and "Ned" never went back to Tennessee, except for a visit, but 
settled down happily in the beautiful home which Agnes Samp- 
son Rogers inherited from her first husband and he from his 
father "rich John." Their older daughter Nanna, much admired 
and courted, married Thomas P. Winchester, of Memphis, and 
moved to Fort Smith, Ark. Their daughter, your comrade, is 
Agnes, now Mrs. Julius L. Hendrick, Pensecola, Fla. The 
younger Thurman daughter, your beloved "Cousin Clara," 
grew up devoted to the family friend James B. Green, of Balti- 
more, who idolized her from a little girl. Jim Green was blind 
from childhood ; in spite of which affliction he was a brilliant 
student, graduated in law at the University, and made a fine 
lawyer. After a terrible railroad accident, he gave up practice, 
and in his last years was instructor in law at the University. The 
professors called away would put him in any chair, and the stu- 
dents said he could fill any one at a moment's notice ! so they 
estimated his wonderful memory. To this fine man, Clara was 
married very young, and devoted herself to his happiness for 
many years until his death. To my mind she resembles your 
father in appearance more than any of his kindred : beautiful in 
character as in face, in her charm also she is like him — a lovely 
good woman. 

Francis Sampson married Anne Eliza Smith and lived in 
Powhatan County at "Spring Valley": five children, Martha, 
Eliza, Julia, Emily, Frank. Martha, who became blind, died un- 
married. Eliza married Hannibal Harris. Julia married Joseph 
Wren, six children. Emily m. John T. Sublett, had eight chil- 
dren: I. Weaker Sampson m. Miss McCue ; 2. Marion m. Mr. 


Hefferson ; 3. Nannie m. Miles Gary, two children, Hunsdon and 
Emily, Mrs. Thos. Marshall, Jr. ; 4. Emily m. Leslie Jennings, 
five children. Nannie and Emily Sublett were beloved by your 
father and devoted to him. Four younger daughters of Emily 
Sampson and John T. Sublett died just as they reached woman- 
hood, lovely young girls, of that "decHne" which wrought so 
many tragic stories a hundred years ago. 

John Price Sampson married Janetta Rogers your great-grand- 
mother's sister, two sisters marrying two brothers ; five children, 
Margaret, Edwin, Elizabeth, Thornton, Susan, 

Price Sampson owned the Red Sweet Springs in Monroe Coun- 
ty and his daughters and their cousins used to enjoy its gayeties — 
the famous "six beautiful Sampsons." Mr. Samuel Sublett wrote 
me that "all those Sampson men were noted for their high- 
minded honesty, beginning with the head of the clan, Mr. Dick 
Sampson, of "Dover" ; and the girls were the loveliest ever seen ; 
indeed, men and women, good looks were a heritage of the blood." 
It was at the Springs with Uncle Price that a sad happening in 
one of their merrymakings brought great sorrow. Uncle Frank's 
daughter, Martha, from "Spring Valley," across the James, had 
lost one eye in childhood, tripped when running in their play 
through the woods, and falling on a broken stem which pierced 
the eyeball. This day at the Springs years after, she was playing 
with her cousin Josephine who threw an apple and by accident 
it struck Martha's other eye, so that total blindness came. Your 
Aunt Mary Dupuy tells me she might not have been totally 
blind if she had not wept continuously, in her conviction that she 
would be so. After the home at "Spring Valley" was broken up, 
she spent her last years in Josephine's kind home at "Dover," 
where your father remembered her and also her brother Thorn- 
ton, who "managed" for his Uncle Dick. 

Rachel and Archibald died young. 

Richard Sampson, second child of Richard and Anne Curd 
Sampson, was your father's "Grandfather Dick" ; he was born 
May 23, 1774, at "Boscobel," the Sampson home since 1725. 
But great changes were to come. The Sampsons had never been 
wealthy since the French refugee days, but had maintained a 
comfortable and hospitable home on the old plantation first settled 
by Francois 1725, until the time of the first Richard, your father's 


great-grandfather. He and three neighbors had a sort of club, 
and would meet almost daily at each other's houses to play cards. 
They would call in young Richard to take the place of any of the 
quartette absent ; he reached such skill, he beat them all ! But, 
as in his old age he told his grandsons, when he was about fifteen, 
he began to notice that these four men "grew poorer and poorer 
year by year through inattention to their affairs" : so he deter- 
mined never to play cards again, and to that resolve he held in 
spite of all their persuasions. When he had a home of his own, 
he never allowed a card in it : in which he was like Thomas 
Jefferson, who allowed none at Monticello. "Grandfather Dick" 
said of his father, that "every day that was not a company day 
was a visiting day." His mother he upheld as "the first of 
women" till he met Mary Rogers whom he counted worthy to 
rank with her. He worshipped his wife, and outliving her many 
years, always spoke of her as a standard to which it was hopeless 
to expect other women, even his own daughters, to attain. From 
many sources we hear of her, the beloved "Aunt Polly" of all 
the young folks — of her beauty, her loveliness of character and 
disposition, her gracious manners, her bountiful hospitality. Both 
she and her husband were noted for their goodness to the poor. 
At sixteen, long before his marriage, Richard left home to 
work. He asked permission to study the methods of farming 
upon the plantation of Mr. John Wickham, who had introduced 
ways new to Virginia, especially the renovation of worn-out lands 
by the use of clover and plaster. This Mr. Wickham was an 
educated Englishman, the original of the British spy, and came 
near to losing his life : by the efforts of Mr. Lyttleton Tazewell 
his trial was delayed, and the war of 1812 coming to an end, he 
was free. He did not deserve the suspicion, and was afterwards 
highly esteemed. With him Richard Sampson remained some 
years, a valued assistant with a good salary; saved his money 
and in 1804 bought "Franklin Place," 600 acres, the property of 
Dr. Wm. Bache, Benj. Franklin's grandson, in Albemarle County, 
just below "Pantops," including "River Bend," which you re- 
member as the Egans' home. In 1812 he bought Penn Park, 400 
acres, from Francis Gilmer. In 181 3, when his father died in 
debt (the first of the family so to do) the old home "Boscobel" 
was sold. With his share of the remnant, what came from the 


sale of the Albemarle property, and his savings, he bought"Dover" 
and made it, an exhausted farm, into the most famous plantation 
in Virginia. In the sketch of his life published in the Virginia 
Planter and written by his near neighbor and friend, Hon. James 
A. Seddon, Secretary for War of the Confederacy, it was stated 
that he made more money out of his land than had ever been 
made out of any plantation in Virginia in living memory. People 
going to the White Sulphur from the South would go out of their 
way to inquire into its amazing fertility and management. Such 
was the hospitality of those days that many a time a whole family 
would arrive in their own carriage, a wagon following with ser- 
vants and baggage, and would stay for days — strangers but wel- 
come. Wealth and gayety made "Dover" full of life and the heart 
of Richard Sampson rejoiced. The daughters of the house with 
those of Uncle Robert, Uncle Frank and Uncle Price, a bevy of 
fair faces and light hearts, were famous belles — the "beautiful 
Sampsons." As to the farming, you remember your own father's 
experiments at Pantops with vetches and the like, the little patches 
of great interest to him, so that his neighbors said they needed 
no other Agricultural Experiment Station : it was an inheritance 
from his grandfather, who was always testing new things and 
making improvements like his long-ago "ancestor" the Abbot of 
Bury St. Edmunds ! At one time he built new quarters of brick 
for his many negroes, more than a hundred slaves. But the 
darkies didn't believe in ventilation, and kept them so close that 
fever broke out the next summer, so "Grandfather Dick" pulled 
them, just a year built, every one, down, and put back the log 
cabins ! building a fine barn out of the brick. 

The custom in Virginia in the last century and earlier, in coun- 
try neighborhoods of large plantations and few families, was that 
each minister had two churches : from this it was arranged that 
the Presbyterian and Episcopal Churches had alternate Sundays 
and exactly the same congregation ! When Christmas came a big 
wagon was loaded with everything good for man and beast, sent 
from "Dover" to the Presbyterian minister; and another, just like 
it, rolled ofif at the same time to the Episcopal rector. 

But with all his cordial support of the church, it was a great 
blow to Richard Sampson when his favorite son Francis, the pride 
of his heart, with his Master's degree just taken at Jefferson's 


great young University at Charlottesville, and for whom his 
father had dreamed dreams of a lawyer's and statesman's brilliant 
career — came home announcing his decision to be a Presbyterian 
minister. The father accused his "dear Polly" of "spoiling his 
plans by her prayers" ! Perhaps it might have been some mitiga- 
tion of his disappointment, if the hope of a Bishopric (history 
repeating itself in another Bishop Sampson) could have been held 
out ; but, alas ! for him, all Presbyterian bishops are equal in office, 
though Frank Sampson soon showed his superiority in quality. 
However, there was no ugly obstinacy in this fine old Richard : he 
yielded graciously and always provided generously for Frank 
and his family. From the first Frank had had the best educa- 
tion obtainable, old Richard Sampson valuing greatly that higher 
education he had been deprived of, when he had left Mr. Mar- 
shall's school to go to work. Mr. Marshall was a fine scholar 
and not finding school books to suit him, in that day of scarcity, 
1790, he had written out each day the lessons in geography, 
arithmetic, Latin, etc. 

Richard was very quick at learning and expert in figures : 
could "do" long processes in multiplication, addition, etc., men- 
tally, arriving at the conclusion with wonderful swiftness : so his 
son-in-law. Dr. Walker, reported to me, saying that his wife, 
Josephine Sampson, had inherited the same talent and "would 
do long sums in arithmetic and algebra in her head." 

The children at "Dover" had a good teacher, who afterwards 
wrote some account of his school: he was the father of Rev. 
Dr. A. C. Hopkins. Illustrating his pupil's eagerness and perse- 
verance, he told of "little Frank Sampson" that one day he was 
all bent over an arithmetic problem in trouble. "Cannot I help 
you?" said Mr. Hopkins. Almost weeping the little boy panted, 
"No, sir, thank you. I want — to do — it by myself. I can't do it. 
I can't do it. But I want to do it all by myself" ! And he did. 

Later he was sent to the home of his mother's brother, Rev. 
Thornton Rogers, who taught him. The home in Albemarle was 
part of an immense tract of land, including the present site of 
Keswick with its mill, and running up the mountain, all belong- 
ing to John Rogers, his grandfather. The uncle's home was back 
upon the mountain, and was a happy one to Francis, though less 
gay than the social Hfe of "Dover." His uncle's godly life and 


faithful teaching made a deep impression. He went to the Uni- 
versity not long after its founding by Thomas Jefferson — the 
first University founded in this country, others older, as William 
and Mary, Harvard, Princeton and Yale, having begun as 
schools. The "love of learning" which belonged to the "great 
clerical family" six centuries before, was in the blood. Mr. 
Philip Bruce, in his History of the University of Virginia, tell- 
ing how slow was the subscription, says: "The list of sub- 
scribers is a notable one not only from a social point of view, 
but also for the high esteem for learning which these con- 
tributions plainly indicate." Among the nine only from Gooch- 
land County is Richard Sampson; others, Carter, Garland, 
Pickett, Pleasants, Pendleton, Randolph, Watkins. Francis 
found a congenial friend in Dennison Dudley : in their room at 
the University they began a students' prayer meeting, the 
first, and the real nucleus of the Y. M. C. A. organized twenty- 
five years later, the prayer meeting having continued till that time. 
From the University he went to Union Theological Seminary, 
then at Hampden-.Sidney, afterwards removed to Richmond, 
where his portrait hangs in the library as one of its most dis- 
tinguished sons. Always a brilliant student, he devoted himself 
to Hebrew and other Oriental languages with the purpose of 
going as a missionary to translate the Scriptures. But just before 
finishing his course, the Professor of Oriental literatures died and 
the trustees at once put into his chair his most notable student. 
He proved "a great teacher with the gift," as one said. Many 
times in our own and distant States, have old ministers, hearing 
my name, asked if I were related to him, and have spoken of his 
wonderful charm and powers. 

"No one ever taught like him, his teaching was luminous," said 
Rev. Dr. R. L. Dabney, himself a famous professor. In 1848-49, 
he spent a year of travel and study in Europe, a thing unusual in 
that day. It was there that he knew personally and visited in 
his home near Geneva, the Rev. Merle D'Aubigne with whom he 
had corresponded. For this friend he named one of his daugh- 
ters Merle, and so the name has come to my child named in 
honour of her grandfather for his friend. 

Just after his return from abroad, October, 1849, ^Y mother, 
a young girl, met Dr. Sampson at a meeting of Synod in Peters- 


burg, "the observed of all observers," she said. She described 
him as handsome, very refined, scholarly and distinguished-look- 
ing. He was "very well dressed, just back from Europe, and 
wore a white cravat instead of a stock, quite a new thing." She 
sat next him at a dinner, and found him merry and agreeable — 
a little in awe of him, the great preacher who had delighted the 
crowd on Sunday. Little did she think, a girl of seventeen, as 
they sat side by side for an hour, that his son to be born a few 
months later would one day be her son-in-law ! 

Dr. Sampson lived only about four years longer. His death was 
a heavy loss to the Church. He took cold on his way home from 
the Seminary Chapel Sunday night after preaching very earnestly. 
He had used these words : "If I knew that this was the last time I 
should ever speak to you, I could urge you to nothing better, noth- 
ing greater than a whole-hearted service for Christ." Two memo- 
ries your father had of him: his playfulness with his children, 
coming into the nurser>'; and the death-bed, when after a few 
days of pneumonia, he bade them farewell, and prayed for them, 
saying that "the very walls of the room were bright with the 
promises of God." 

His wife was Caroline Dudley, sister of his University room- 
mate: a great beauty, with wonderful hazel eyes which her son 
John inherited. She was lively and gay, had an exquisite voice, 
highly cultivated, and was in great demand on all social occasions. 
People told me when I visited at Hampden-Sidney, long before 
I had any personal interest in the family, that no one gave a 
"party" without having her taste in arranging the table and 
flowers. Her own flower-garden was famous, especially her roses. 

Three years after Dr. Sampson's death, his widow married 
Dr. F. B. Watkins ; and three years later, through the agreement 
of their stepfather and their uncle-in-law, the children were re- 
moved from their own home which "Grandfather Dick" had built 
for them at Hampden-Sidney after their father's death ; and were 
taken to "Dover" where their grandfather still lived though feeble. 
Their mother thought herself helpless : the children were truly so. 
Their Aunt Josephine wanted to be kind, but was overwhelmed 
with the cares of a large family and in ill health. The boys 
remembered with gratitude the many kindnesses of their cousin 
Lelia, Dr. Walker's oldest daughter. "Grandfather Dick" died 


not long after, leaving each of the Sampson children ten thou- 
sand dollars. Dr. Walker was executor and was appointed guar- 
dian. The Civil War had come with the loss of slaves and many 
changes in values. There was trouble and delay, until at last 
"Dover" was sold and some compromise settlement made. A 
number of Virginia State bonds were part of your father's share, 
according to a receipt I have. Recently the United States Su- 
preme Court has ordered West Virginia to pay her share, and it 
is said that the bonds may be worth something. But it is not 
likely that the Sampson heirs will profit. Let us hope they have 
a better and more enduring heritage. 

There were six children: i. Mary Baldwin; 2. Richard Cecil, 
d. y. ; 3. Alice Merle; 4. Francis Melville; 5. John Russell; 
6. Thornton Rogers. Mary Baldwin married Dr. John James 
Dupuy, descendant and heir of Bartholemi Dupuy, leader of the 
Huguenot immigration 1701, and in his youth one of Louis 
Fourteenth's Mousquetaires. A romantic story. Trusted and 
beloved by Louis, though a Huguenot, he carried always an order 
of the King, commanding all to help and further him. On the 
occasion of his marriage to the Countess Lavillon, he asked for 
a year's absence from the Court at his own Chateau or hers in 
the Champagne country. His enemies and the priests busied 
themselves, the net drawing ever closer round the Protestants : 
at length they succeeded in sending a company of dragoons upon 
him. Its captain was an old friend and gave him twenty-four 
hours to recant or suffer. Bartholemi sent for the village 
tailor, had a page's costume made for his wife : at midnight they 
slipped away a mile or more, found their horses ready, and rode 
for their lives ! Several times stopped, the King's passport saved 
them and furthered their flight. At the last fort on the border, 
the commandant, a personal foe, made a last efifort to arrest him ; 
but Bartholemi drew his sword : it took toll of four of the guard, 
and the way of freedom was open. Germany received, England 
welcomed ; after a few years there, he, with others, were sent by 
King William's "commission and providing," to Virginia, where 
he arrived in 1701 with his wife, three sons and two daughters. 
He has innumerable descendants, but his sword descended by 
primogeniture to Dr. John James Dupuy. He naturally valued it 
very highly, and when he went into the Confederate Army, in 


which he had great service as surgeon, he left the sword for safe 
keeping with his aunt, Mrs. JuHan Ruffin, near Petersburg, and 
her house being burned by the "Yankees" the sword was irrevo- 
cably lost! 

I. Mary Baldwin Sampson Dupuy had ten children: i. Caro- 
line Dudley, d. y. ; 2. Frank Sampson, who lives in California, 
has five sons and a daughter; 3. Alice Merle, married Rev. Dr. 
Walter L. Lingle, Professor in Union Theological Seminary, 
Richmond, Va., one of the foremost men in our Church today, 
Moderator of the General Assembly, President of the Training 
School, head of Montreat Programme, etc. ; four children ; 4. 
Julia Lorraine m. Dr. Henry Louis Smith, who is President of 
Washington and Lee University, and has been sent this year 
(1921) to deliver Washington's statue, Virginia's gift to Eng- 
land ; seven children, the oldest a hero of the World War, gave 
his life for his country ; 5. George Montgomery, d. y. ; 6. Thorn- 
ton Dudley m. Alice Wilkinson; 7. Ella Blanche, Dudley's twin, 
m. Frank Reid Brown, Salisbury, N. C, three children ; 8. Mary 
Marshall m. John Adams Taylor, New Orleans, four children ; 
9. Lavalette, missionary to Korea ; 10. Jean Jacqueline, instructor 
in Assembly's Training School, Richmond. 

II. Alice Merle Sampson m. Charles Baskerville, nine children : 
I. Susan m. Rev. Dr. Alex. Peirce Saunders, two sons; 2. Caroline 
Dudley m. Rev. Frank Hartman ; 3. William m. twice, two chil- 
dren ; 4. Ellen Peck m. Rev. Orville F. Yates, three daughters, 
China ; 5. Lulie ; 6. Mary twin with Alice, d. y. ; 7. Alice Merle 
m. Professor George Robson, two sons; 8. Thornton Sampson 
m. Mary Mann, seven children ; 9. Elizabeth ; 10. Gordon Graham. 
Susy, the oldest, went with her husband, Peirce Saunders, mis- 
sionaries to Greece ; the second year of their work in Salonica he 
had smallpox, a desperate illness: broken in health was forced 
to return to U. S. The story of her journey across Europe to 
Hamburg, with an ill and helpless husband and her little baby son 
is a tragic tale. Later Dr. Saunders founded while pastor at 
Fredericksburg, Va., the Assembly's Home and School for 
widows and children of ministers and missionaries, which for 
twenty-five years gave a home and provided education for hun- 
dreds who could not have attained it. He lived only a few years. 
After a brave fight with adverse circumstance, she has her two 


fine sons to care for her, Charles B. and Alex. Peirce, both 
teachers in large Northern schools. 

Ellen, the fourth child, is also a missionary. She lived for a 
lime with us at Pantops, afterwards studied nursing, and joined 
your Uncle Jim at Tsing-Kiang-pu, where she later married 
Mr. Yates and now lives at Hwai-an-fu. 

Alice also wanted to be a missionary, but married Professor 
Robson, one of the Fredericksburg College Faculty. After his 
early and lamented death, she came to Pantops with George three 
years old, and Charles about one year. She filled a useful place, 
much beloved, till the school closed in 1904. 

Lulie you remember as the "angel child" even when she was 
thirty years old, paralyzed when a baby, feeble and lame; but 
active to the full measure of her strength, bright of mind, lovely 
of disposition, saintly in life. Her greatest pleasure was to spend 
all her summers with us at Pantops; and how we loved to have 
her! She later lived with Alice Robson at Davidson, keenly in- 
terested in the college and the church till she passed to her 
eternal home. 

Elizabeth and Gordon, both highly educated, are successful 

Wm. married twice, Katharine Lansing, and second Caroline 
Jones; left two children. 

Thornton married Mary Mann, a lovely woman, and has an 
interesting family at Worsham, Prince Edward County. 

There were four sons of Dr. Francis Sampson. The time- 
honored family name of Richard was given to the oldest, but he 
did not live to give it new honors. Frank grew to manhood, 
married Margaret M'Call, and left a son, Richard, whom you 
remember at Pantops, when your father was educating him: 
left an orphan very young, he had his home with his Aunt Alice, 
who was a kind and faithful mother to him. He has recently 
married Marguerite Howard. 

Thornton Rogers, the youngest son, named for the uncle 
honored and beloved of Dr. Sampson, had a notable career. 
Educated at Hampden- Sidney and the University, he followed 
your father's example and went abroad for further study. The 
summer before, visiting his kin at Keswick, he fell desperately 
in love with a pretty cousin, Ella Royster, from Memphis. They 


parted without his winning her promise and he wrote her a letter 
saying he was sailing shortly and longed to see her, if he might 
come as a welcome lover. But no reply came. He spent the 
year abroad in study and much travel and returned to Hampden- 
Sidney. He was busy with his seminary studies when finally the 
letter came which had followed him all over Europe, and was 
covered with addresses even to Cairo and Constantinople. Dr. 
Peck with whom he boarded at the Seminary, I have heard tease 
him about the "super-motive" power of that much-travelled 
epistle: for he sped to Memphis like an arrow from the bow. 
"And so they were married" in a year or two and went as mis- 
sionaries to Athens. Their experiences there were most enter- 
taining, for both were gifted in narrative: as the discovery when 
out walking of their milk-boy calmly grasping the goat's feet out 
of the pail and going on milking: the breakfast party on the 
Acropolis steps for the United States ambassador from Con- 
stantinople when the silver service, a wedding gift was allowed to 
appear, too extravagant for a missionary's home; above all, the 
arrogant demeanor of the S. P. G. English chaplain who left the 
chancel to warn Thornton not to come to the Communion on 
Christmas Day, lest a "Dissenter" compromise him with the Greek 
"brethren" invited to be present; and the Bishop inquiring what 
he had done, and sending him before the close of the service to 
escort Thornton and Ella to the chancel himself, where the Bishop 
himself waited to give them the Communion : a tenfold more 
conspicuous reception. The next day the chaplain appeared to 
make an apology at the command of his "ecclesiastical superior" ; 
which he did, and then said, "But my personal opinion remains 
the same" ! Outside church matters, these parsons were good 
enough friends. After some years in Athens and Salonica, they 
returned home when our Church turned over the Mission to the 
Evangelical Greeks. Their first visit to us at Pantops after visit- 
ing Ella's home, Httle Mary introduced at the door, by not wait- 
ing for the question everywhere asked, "Yes, we're all Sampsons 
and we're born in Greece." Thornton's years passing quickly 
in effective speaking for missions, in teaching in Fredericksburg 
College, as Professor in Austin College, finally brought him to a 
Professor's chair and the President's position in the Texas Theo- 
logical Seminary. His vacations he loved to spend in the moun- 


tains of Colorado, and there in one of his favorite long walks, 
overtaken by a snowstorm — "he was not, for God took him." 
The search was long continued — the whole country moved by the 
tragedy. The Government put in motion the skill of the forest 
rangers, volunteers gave their service, but no trace was ever 
found. As was said, "From the mountain top he loved, it was 
fitting that he went home to God." 

His children are four : Janet, the wife of Halsted Parsons, has 
one daughter, Helen ; Mary Dudley, wife of Rev. Ewell T. Drake, 
has one son, John Sampson; Frank the only son; and Helen 
Lake, wife of Arthur Ross Wooldridge, two children: Frank 
Austin, Arthur Ross, Jr. 

John Russell, your father, was born June 15, 1850. You wiU 
not forget nor lose the strong impress of his consecrated life. 
The Pantops boys used to say that no one ever came in contact 
with him who was not better for it : his own children must fulfill 
all those ideals which were his highest hopes for you. From a 
child his goodness was manifest. Cortie Smith Preston told me 
once I ought to be afraid to marry him, as everybody had to be 
bad some time, and he never had been ; so it might break out yet ! 
Dr. Dabney used to chuckle over a reply of John when he was 
seven, as the Dr. told it. A cousin taught with them by their 
older sister, needed more time to study than these bright Samp- 
son boys, but would be drawn off to play : so the fiat went forth 
that if Richard missed his lesson, all would be kept in. John 
finishing his task, asked to go, and reminded of the rule, flashed 
back, "But do you think it is right that for the offence of one 
judgment should come upon all to condemnation?" Of course 
every one marked him for the ministry, and he faithfully con- 
sidered it. His decision gave him a "ministry" in teaching 
second to none in its influence, and Dr. John Stuart told him once 
that he had done more for China than he could have done in 
China ! From Hampden-Sidney College he spent a year at 
Norwood School; part in teaching, but also studying with his 
distant kinsman, Mr. Wm. D. Cabell. Then a year at the Uni- 
versity, taking his diplomas, at which time we became acquainted, 
though we saw each other but an hour or two one evening. I 
left home the next day, and he went to Europe before I returned. 
His four years in Europe were divided between Leipsig, Got- 


tingen, Berlin and Paris, gathering in each the special teaching 
of the best. His vacations took him to wide travel, mostly afoot, 
the best way to see a country. He spoke French and German 
fluently : I remember on our wedding journey abroad, Germans 
meeting him always thought him a native, but from a different 
province from their own. In 1874 the Trustees of Davidson, 
reorganizing the college, called him to the Chair of Latin and 
French. A surprise to him and very attractive: but the need 
of the college was instant, and he wrote he could not come 
unless they would give him another year. They elected another 
man, but at the end of the session made a re-arrangement and 
renewed the call. Four very successful years followed, in which 
his work did its full part in putting Davidson on a new basis : its 
growth since has been constant. In these years he made one 
effort after another to see me, but found me absent. He used 
to tease my father after our marriage because when Father re- 
ceived him on one of these visits, he asked if he were married, 
and told him that every man as soon as he was settled should get 
a wife. He politely agreed and said within himself that if 
Father would just keep his daughter at home, he would do his best. 
Finally in 1877 he found me at Pantops, returned to ask me on 
Christmas Day to marry him : the next Christmas Day I promised ; 
and June 11, 1879, we were married. We had three months of 
delightful travel. The life at Davidson was very happy, though 
it had its sorrows. In 1883, my father's health failing, he was 
about to give up the school he had begun at Pantops; but my 
mother saw the opportunity to have me home again, so they 
offered a partnership to your father. After a year he bought 
the place from my father ; and you know the story of the success 
he made, the prosperity he brought to many in Charlottesville, 
and something of the good he did to so large a number. In 
1904, his own health and mine much impaired, he closed the 
school to the regret of everybody. I begged him to sell it, which 
he could have done then to great advantage, keeping the land 
and building a home for us. But he loved the place, and hoped 
his affairs would justify a home there. These hopes were dis- 
appointed, and in 1907 his earthly life ended. 

More than three hundred letters came with the most beautiful 
tributes. One mother wrote me that her boy said nobody ever 


reverenced the Sabbath Day as he did : "his very voice was dif- 
ferent and his face so happy." And I recalled a man coming 
Sunday morning to talk about selling a calf. The boys on the 
porch told him it was not worth while to see Mr. Sampson : he 
would not talk business on Sunday. But they sent for him, and 
the man began. "I am sorry," your father said with his exquisite 
courtesy to his poorer neighbors, "but I will see you another 
day." The man tried again — but could not get a word. And 
the boys shouted with delight till I heard them in my room at 
Ingleside, and wondered what was shattering the Sabbath quiet. 
His farming was a pleasant diversion in the teaching he loved. 
His apiary — a great success — interested him exceedingly. Riley's 
poem, "Away," seemed written of him in every Hne, and I have 
often seen him after a storm, set free a poor bedraggled bee. 

"And he pitied as much as a man in pain 
The little brown honey-bee, wet with rain." 

The notice published in the Church papers tells better than I 
can how he should be remembered: 

John Russell Sampson 
"'A Man Full of Faith and of Good Works." 

"For all Thy saints who from their labors rest, 
Who Thee by faith before the world confessed, 
Thy name, O Jesus, be forever blessed. 
Alleluia !" 

Such a note of reverent praise mingles with the sorrow of 
many hearts in the loss of Mr. John R. Sampson, who at his 
home "Pantops," the night of May 14, 1907, exchanged this mortal 
life for the life immortal. Hundreds and thousands were the 
lives he touched, always for their good. The door of opportunity 
stood ever open; a railway journey found some heart weary of 
sin to whom he ministered, and daily life its "word in season." 
The end of this life was but the beginning of endless blessedness, 
and he often said there ought to be no mourning when a child 
of God goes home. So the note of the burial service was "vic- 
tory," the hymns he loved, "I have read of a beautiful city," with 
the chorus, "The half has never been told" ; "Forever with the 


Lord" ; "For all Thy saints who from their labors rest" ; and at 
the cemetery, "Sleep on, beloved, sleep and take thy rest." He 
was borne by the hands of his former pupils, seven of them stu- 
dents of the University. 

To the making of such a man, went many generations of godly 
folk ; on all sides they had come to the New World to escape the 
persecutions of the Old. The Sampson tradition is of descent 
from Richard, Bishop of Chichester who went with John Knox 
to Geneva, where he married and had two sons ; their descendants 
in France after the Revocation, coming to Virginia, with the 
Huguenot settlement and patenting land in Goochland county, 
1725, were for nearly a century vestrymen and church wardens 
in old St. James-Northam parish. Richard Sampson of "Dover," 
a famous planter of his day, married Mary Rogers of a strong 
Presbyterian family of Albemarle. Through John Rogers (whose 
wife was Mary, daughter of the first Wm. Byrd) and his father 
Giles who came to Virginia, 1670, they go back to John Rogers 
the Martyr. Francis, son of Richard and Mary Sampson, was 
a distinguished minister, the scholarly Professor in Union Theo- 
logical Seminary. His wife, the mother of John R, Sampson, was 
Caroline Dudley, related through the Baldwins, Russells, Evarts, 
Stones and Fields, to many notable people in Virginia and other 
States, and descended from John Baldwin who settled at Milford 
Haven, 1639, and whose wife was Mary Bruen, daughter of Sir 
John Le Bruen, one of the "fathers of the English Reformation." 
True to such a heritage, John Russell Sampson, born June 15, 
1850, within the walls of the Seminary, then at Hampden-Sidney, 
fulfilled the promise of a blameless childhood and noble youth 
by a life of faithful service to God and his fellow-men. 

Educated at Hampden-Sidney, and the University of Virginia, 
and afterwards through years of study and travel abroad, he 
became Professor in Davidson College, 1875. In 1879, he mar- 
ried Anne, daughter of Rev. Edgar Woods, who with their 
daughters Anne Russell and Merle D'Aubigne, survives him. In 
1883, he joined his father-in-law at Pantops Academy, soon tak- 
ing entire charge, and for twenty-one years, making it more and 
more famous and successful. Forty-two years he was a com- 
municant, more than thirty a ruling elder of the Presbyterian 
church. His religion was unassuming, but steadfast and always 



ready to witness bravely for the right. Genial, merry, fond of a 
jest, singularly pure of speech, of a princely courtesy to high 
and low, he never failed even in the stress of mortal sickness 
and pain. Few have ever done as much for as many people with 
as limited means; through many prosperous years he was bur- 
dened by a debt, and his last years was struggling with heavy 
losses ; but always his hand was ready to help. 

Many hold his thousand kindnesses in grateful memory, but he 
knew well the lot of earth's benefactors ; the stab of ingratitude 
and the unfaithfulness of some he trusted, undoubtedly shortened 
this life so valuable to the Church and the world. Yet no one, 
not even his nearest, ever heard a word from his lips, except of 
forgiveness and charity. 

For months his health failed, for many weeks he bore the dis- 
tressing sufferings of Bright's disease; yet always "sustained and 
soothed by an unfaltering trust.'' The mind wandered, but the 
soul was anchored. He loved the daily reading and prayer, and 
in the most trying times was always strengthened by the men- 
tion of the dear Name of Him in whom he believed. The "Pan- 
tops Boys" were much upon his heart. No teacher ever came 
into closer touch with his pupils, none ever commanded higher 
admiration and respect or deeper love. 

In the early days of his serious illness, he said to his wife, "I 
always told the boys that a sick-bed was no time to prepare for 
eternity ; but I know it better now, and I wish I could tell them 
again. Tell them for me;" and often afterwards he would say, 
"Did you tell the boys?" Toward the end he said, "Tell them 
I wish I had done more for Jesus Christ. Tell them to do all 
they can for Him." Always to the last they were in his prayers, 
often by name. He believed he would meet them all at the 
King's right hand, but he longed that each should gain the 
abundant entrance, the full reward. He loved the church ; he 
loved Missions ; he loved the kingdom of God. The devout habit 
of his life held, and the last words upon his lips were whispered 
Psalms and the oft-repeated "through Jesus Christ our Lord, 

"Though they have to leave their work behind them incom- 
plete, God will use it some way, somewhere ; and the news will 


find them in heaven and sweeten their happy labors there. I 
beHeve this, I do, with all my soul." 

"May not heaven be moved to meet a good man? May not 
the chief ones of earth arise to welcome a royal brother and ask 
of the attending angels, Is this he who moved hearts to God, and 
set free his fellows, and brought forth to his Master a hundred 

Dr. Converse, of the Christian Observer, with great and ten- 
derly remembered kindness, sent me 300 copies, which I sent, 
his "last message" to all the "old boys." 

The following is the inscription on his tombstone in Maple- 
wood Cemetery, Charlottesville, Va., where he rests beside my 
parents and our two Uttle children : 

Edgar Woods Sampson died at Davidson, September 20, 1882, 
aged one month. 

Marie Dudley Sampson died at Pantops, August 28, 1886, aged 
13 months, 

"Here Rests Until the Resurrection All that was mortal of 

John Russell Sampson of Pantops, 
Whose immortal spirit went home to God May 14, 1907. 

He was born June 15, 1850, 

Son of Rev. Dr. Francis and Caroline Dudley Sampson. 

A man full of faith and of good works. 

He followed Christ." 




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Mary Rogers of Albemarle, wife of Richard Sampson of 
"Dover," daughter of John Rogers and Susan Goodman, de- 
scended from Giles Rogers from Worcestershire, England, where 
many of the name dwelt. In the "Lists of Persons of Quality 
Sent into His Majesty's Dominions of the Virginias 1686- 1700," 
published in London from State Papers in 1874, there are long 
pathetic lines of names in receipts given by captains of vessels. 
They bought the political prisoners after Monmouth's Rebellion 
from Court favorites to whom they were "assigned" ; and dis- 
posed of them in the Virginias and the Barbadoes as "indentured 
servants." Many of these were of the best blood of the West of 
England, people of breeding and education. They were nearly 
all Protestants of a strong type, who were at the end of hope 
and patience under Charles II, and saw only worse things ahead 
under James II ; therefore they espoused the forlorn hope of 
Monmouth, "a very sorry sort of prince." In these lists, the 
names of more than one Rogers, more than one Tucker and other 
of our "good" Virginia names appears. It tells the "quality" 
of these folk. 

But Giles Rogers had come long before and was not "sent" 
to the Virginias. He was the great-grandson of John Rogers 
the Martyr, undoubtedly of the non-conforming breed. There 
are indications that he sympathized with the ejected ministers, 
the 2,000 who were turned out of their livings August 23, 1662, 
by Charles II. "Head of the Church," because they would not 
conform to the exactions of the High Church Bishops — the 
Bishops who were "friendly" to Charles' duchesses and unfriendly 
to John Bunyan ! Giles may well have been one of that two thou- 
sand men of conscience himself. In Virginia he patented April 
18, 1670, four hundred acres in New Kent County, now King 
and Queen "in the Parish of Stratton-Major, upon the road 
Pascataway." He brought with him eight persons : John Evans, 
Thos. Clinker, Francis Melbourne, Jane Swann, Symeon Swart, 
Jacob Morton, Thos. Smith and Hannah Clark. He returned to 
England and came back in 1680 with his "wife, children, servants 
and materials for building." 


Giles and Rachel Eastham left six children: 

1. Giles, Jr., had large family; moved to North Carolina. 

2. Lucy married Wm, Wilson; her daughter, Eliz. Anne, 
married Johnathan Clark. 

3. Peter, who had land in King-and-Queen and Spottsylvania, 
out of which Orange and Culpeper were formed; sons Col. 
Peter, Jr., and Capt. John, Joseph, Wm. and others. Descendants 
in Tennessee, Illinois and Nebraska. Wm's. sons: Larkin, killed 
in Revolutionary War ; John and Wm., Jr., large family in Mont- 
gomery County, Ky. 

4. John married Mary Byrd. 

5. Rachel, born in Virginia, married Wm. Latham. "John C. 
Latham, New York and "Moorheads" (Moreheads) of North 
Carolina descendants." 

6. Mary Anne married Saml. Roe or Rowe, from them Courts 
of Kentucky. 

Giles, father of all these, is recorded in the Parish of 
Stratton-Major, and is shown to be a man of education and 
importance. Yet in the Parish Book preserved in the Library 
of the Alexandria Seminary, with all its detailed business of the 
Church and its people, I found no mention of any Rogers, though 
they were "landholders and housekeepers." Some of Giles' de- 
scendants resent the idea of his being one of those saintly men 
ejected from the English pulpit: they indignantly disclaim the 
Martyr; in fact, they disapprove the Martyr entirely! Do you 
remember the notices we saw in the Chapel of Christ Church 
College, Oxford, where a vandal hand had changed the R, of 
Reformation to a D.? 

However, the late Col. John Cox Underwood, Lieutenant- 
Governor of Kentucky, son of the Senator from Kentucky and 
uncle of the present Senator from Alabama, spent much time and 
money and the energies of his brilliant trained mind, investigating 
the Martyr descent, assisted by his uncle, Hon. W. L. Under- 
wood, M. C, while he was United States Consul at Glasgow. He 
discovered and visited descendants still living in England, posess- 
ing relics and genealogies. He found the records of Giles' birth 
in Edinburgh, of his removal "back" to Worcester, of his mar- 
riage there to Rachel Eastham: the proof that his father, John 
Rogers, was the son of Thomas Matthew Rogers (both born in 


"Scotland's refuge"), son of Bernard (Bernhardt) Rogers, born 
in W'ittenburg, Saxony, when John Rogers was translating the 
"Matthew Byble," having married Adrianna de Weyden, a name 
meaning "meadow," which he wrote in Latin "Prata" and in Eng- 
lish Pratt. The succession of names is significant : Bernhardt of 
the exile in Germany, Matthew of the hiding of the Rogers 
name as translator, John for the Martyr himself, Giles for Edin- 
burgh's great church. 

Miss Jessup, granddaughter of Lucy Clark, Mrs. Croghan, her- 
self great-granddaughter of Giles, went to England and pursued 
an independent search with the same result. 

The Martyr's name reappeared in Giles' youngest son, John, 
born on the ship as it entered Chesapeake Bay. He obtained a 
good education and became an explorer and surveyor, patenting 
land himself. In the journeys of his profession, he met and loved 
Mary Byrd, daughter of the first Wm. Byrd and sister of the 
more famous Wm. Byrd of Westover, author of the "Byrd 
Papers." Old Col. Byrd disowned his daughter and her chil- 
dren, but the blood ran true to type in some of its qualities, and 
the same gallant and adventurous spirit which made three genera- 
tions of Wm. Byrds leaders in early Virginia and overcame the 
difficulties of the Dividing Line, upheld Mary's sons and grand- 
sons as officers in the War for Independence and pioneers in the 
dangerous settlement days in Kentucky on the "Bloody Ground" ; 
and in greater hardships when Gen. George Rogers Clark was 
breasting the icy waters of the Wabash for the conquest of 
Vincennes, or his brother, William Clark, was planting the stand- 
ard of the United States with other Virginia hands on the shores 
of the Pacific. Perhaps Gen. Clark took his penchant for writ- 
ing as shown in his diaries and minute account of his campaigns, 
from the same blood which inspired Wm. Byrd II to fill his 
voluminous journals and his famous "Expeditions." Expeditions 
ran in the family, and soldierly achievement; and as for states- 
manship and public office, the great new territory found its Gov- 
ernor in a Rogers Clark, and Kentucky and Alabama have chosen 
Mary's descendants and sent them to Congress and the Senate for 
as distinguished service as any Virginia had from the three Wil- 
liams. But the scholarly brain, the literary hand, the orator's 
tongue — the Byrd blood cannot claim it all : Oxford long before 


knew its Rogers, and the brain and pen that gave us, most 
memorable, our Enghsh Bible. And to tell its "good news," the 
children of John and Mary Rogers have nobly filled the pulpit 
and the bishop's chair: there has been a great professor of divi- 
nity, and those preparing for the ministry as well as "the listen- 
ing Senate" have heard. The spirit of adventure, too, is not 
dead, though turned to a different channel: with a Missionary 
"Expedition" across the seas this Byrd-Rogers breed has gone 
to show the Orient that there is no "dividing line," but that all 
races are God's children to be brought to Him. Twenty-one of 
John and Mary's children are known to be in the ministry and 
missionary service. 

But this glory was not within old Col. Byrd's ken ; and when 
his Mary smiled upon this unknown youngster, John Rogers, her 
father wrathfully forbade. John was young and a Noncon- 
formist. It was not a question of religion so much ; but to be of 
his faith, outside the Act of Conformity, in the Virginia of that 
day, shut out absolutely every opportunity of advancement. There 
could be no aggrandisement such as had built up the Byrd 
fortune, no acquisition of lands by royal grant, nothing but the 
limited acres which any freeman might obtain in the Colony's 
hunger for settlers, or obtain later by patent or purchase. 
So John Rogers suffered for his faith, even as his name-ancestor 
John Rogers the Martyr. He did not lose his life. It seemed he 
must lose his sweetheart. But he was a bold and handsome gal- 
lant, a reckless and eager wooer. His courage upheld by Mary's 
love, he declined to accept Col. Byrd's verdict, and unafraid of 
the haughty old chieftain, he came rowing up the river again 
and again. 

In his old age, at "Worcester," the home named for the home 
County in England, he lived to be eighty-eight and she eighty- 
five, both well known to their grandchildren — he loved to tell 
them the romantic story. It concerned a certain tree with long 
drooping branches on the great river's brink, where he moored. 
Mary could not welcome him in her father's great house at 
Westover, but some evening with listening ear, she would hear 
a strange insistence in the whippoorwill's call, the beloved one's 
signal, and presently come gliding down to the river bank. John 


Rogers had a pride of his own, as stalwart as that of the Byrds, 
and he would not put even his foot on the old Colonel's domain 
unwelcome, but the "river yclept James," was not private property 
and the lovers had many a meeting. Further, Mary would not 
go. Her mother needed her care, being an invalid, and she 
would not leave her. The rest of the family were absent. So 
Mary stayed by her, the mother for whom she was named. She 
had been Mary Horsemanden, daughter of Col. Warham Horse- 
manden, of the Virginia Council in London, with other influential 
and illustrous kinsmen. 

Finally in the father's absence at Court in England, the mother 
died. Then, doubtless with that beloved mother's blessing, Mary 
took passage in the boat that had come so often, and John did 
not go back alone: she married her persistent lover. When her 
father returned from England, furious at her disobedience, he 
disowned her. In his family record Mary's birth is given, but 
no marriage and no death recorded. Bishop Meade mentions her 
as an unmarried daughter in 1698. The marriage was in 1701. 
Her father died in 1704. 

Bassett, who edited the Byrd papers, says : "It is not known 
what became of Mary. She was living in 1700 when he named 
her in his will. She was not with him when he died in 1704." 

A curious story was told by her granddaughter, Mrs. Under- 
wood, and her brother, Edmund Rogers ; both heard it from 
Mary Byrd Rogers' own lips. When Mary left "Westover" with 
John Rogers, "through pride" she took little from her father's 
house; but she did carry away with her the "hatchment" with 
coat-of-arms which had been used at her mother's funeral, placed 
over the door, according to the custom of the day. This she 
hung in the hall of her new home, in memory of her beloved 
mother. After her father's disowning of her, as has been told, 
he sent one day when she was absent from home and took away 
the hatchment, saying that the Byrd arms had no place in a 
Rogers house. It was a loss which Mary lamented to her dying 
day. But John said, ''What matter? we have arms of our own." 
The old Ms. describes them as "3 Bucks trippant." Mary never 
saw any of her people after her marriage ; but she had made her 
choice, and is reported ever to have counted the world well lost 
for John's sake. He took good care of her; acquired a large 


property, patents in King-and-Queen, in King William and Caro- 
line, and 1,400 acres in Albemarle. 

John Rogers lived to be 88 years old ; his granddaughter, Mrs. 
Semple, daughter of his daughter, Rachel, says he was buried 
just outside the walls of Old Park Church near the grave of his 
father Giles, and beside his wife. They had nine children : John, 
Giles, George, Mary, Anne, Lucy, Mildred, Byrd and Rachel. 
I. John removed to North Carolina; 2. Giles lived and died in 
Albemarle County, two sons are known, Achilles ; Parmenas, who 
married Anne Lewis and had sixteen children, the eldest, James, 
being the father of our dear Doctor Wm. G. Rogers who wel- 
comed you children into the world. The second son of Parmenas 
was Raphael whose son Col. George Rogers was the father of the 
Norfolk Rogerses. It seems that this Giles was a scholar ! 

III. George, son of John Rogers and Mary Byrd, married 
Frances Pollard and, like his parents, had nine children : Joseph, 
John, Lucy, Edmund, Anne, Frances, Thomas, Mary Byrd, 
Mildred: i. Joseph's story was a sad one, too common in 
those perilious days. He was Captain of Virginia troops against 
the Indians, was taken captive while bravely fighting and was 
carried away to the Mississippi River. His people mourned him 
dead, knowing the cruelty of his captors. He made many efforts 
to escape, but in vain. At length the tribe that held him came 
East to fight against troops under Joseph's own cousin, George 
Rogers Clark. The lines approached each other at a place eight 
miles from where Cincinnati now stands, and a fight began which 
was to end in victory for the Virginians and the flight of the 
savages ; when out rushed a figure with hands uplifted, crying out, 
"Joseph Rogers! Joseph Rogers!'' His voice was lost in the 
general clamour, and he forgot how the years and the Indian 
garb had changed his appearance. Both sides fired at once and 
he fell mortally wounded. He lived some hours, and when his 
cousin. General Clark, reproached him for his recklessness, he 
replied, "Oh, I have been so often disappointed, it was my only 
hope!" General Clark buried him under an old house standing 
near, and then burned the house, so that the Indians might not 
return, find his body and take the scalp. His sister, Frances, who 
had married John Underwood, named her son for her lost 
brother : this son was afterwards Senator from Kentucky with 


Henry Clay. His namesake daughter Josephine was the wife 
of my brother, Henry Woods, and with him a missionary in 
China. Talking with her here, the spring of 1919, about this 
tragedy, she told me that her father had a similar experience. 
A boy of 16 he was taken captive, but allowed to run the gauntlet 
for his life. He watched others tried before his turn came, and 
noticed that they kept the middle between the two long lines of 
Indians hurling their short spears with fatal effect. When his 
time came, he surprised them by swiftly taking to one side so 
close to one rank they had not room to throw, and the other rank 
at longer range, often missed as he sped rapidly. Though sore 
wounded, he escaped and fell in the woods beyond, hid till night; 
then started home. 

Senator Joseph Rogers Underwood was the grandfather of 
Oscar Underwood, the present Senator from Alabama, and 
Leader of the Democratic party. 

2. John, son of George and Frances Rogers, was also a cap- 
tain, was at Yorktown, therefore one of the Cincinnati. He died 
unmarried in Richmond and was buried there. His niece, Mrs. 
Sally Anne Crutchfield, had his portrait. 

3. Lucy, "famous as a beauty and a belle," said her aunt, 
boasting of the numbers of her offers of marriage, married 
Robert Parish and moved to North Carolina. Had two children. 

4. Edmund married Mary Shirley, ten children: Frances, 
Mary, John T. Anne-Brown, Henrietta, Swearingen, Ellen, 
Edmonia, Thomas and Mildred Lavinia. Frances married first 
r^r. Hardin, second John W\ Beauchamp ; children Edmund and 
John Alfred. Miss Edmonia Beauchamp, daughter of Edmund, 
collected great store of data and old letters : for much of the in- 
formation I have I am indebted to her niece. Miss Fanny Beau- 

5. Anne Rogers, daughter of George and Frances, was nine 
years old when an adventure of the Revolutionary War befell her. 
She was visiting her grandparents the Pollards in Caroline. They 
one day went to a neighbour's leaving Anne to the care of a 
negro woman, one of the upper servants. Suddenly the British 
appeared : with shrieks of terror every negro fled to the woods, 
leaving little Anne alone in the house. The red coats rushed in, 
ransacking the lower rooms and breaking into the wine cellar. 


where, after drinking all they wished, they opened all the taps, 
letting the contents flow out on the floor. But little Anne had a 
word to say ! Hearing the commotion, she came flying down 
upon the scene, just as the liquors began to flow. Indignant, 
with blazing eyes, she fearlessly berated the soldiers, threatening 
to tell her grandfather on them ! Whereupon they desisted with 
uproarious laughter, and one of them — perhaps with remembrance 
of a little girl of his own — picked her up in his arms and carried 
her back to the upstairs bedroom. "You stay right here, little 
lady," he said, "now don't you move, and I promise you no more 
harm shall be done." And so it proved. The grandparents re- 
turned terrified, to return thanks for little Anne's safety and her 
fearless courage. She married John Parish and removed to 
Barron County, Ky. Five children : Lucy, Fanny, Edmund, 
George and Mary Byrd. 

6. Frances married John Underwood, son of Thos. Under- 
wood, vestryman Goochland County, 1783; her son named for 
the brother so tragically lost, was, as has been stated, Joseph 
Rogers Underwood, Senator from Kentucky with Henry Clay. 
He married twice, first Eliza Trotter, and second Elizabeth Cox, 
a belle of Georgetown, D. C. Sixteen children in all. The 
youngest, Josephine, his namesake, married my brother. Rev. 
Henry Woods, and went with him a missionary to China. The 
oldest of the sixteen was Eugene, the father of Wm. Under- 
wood, of Birmingham, Ala., and of Oscar Underwood, Senator 
from Alabama, leader of the Democrats in Congress and strongly 
favored for President in 1916. He married first Eugenia Massie, 
one of the Virginia University's loveliest belles : lovely, like her 
sister, Nita, Mrs. Malvern Patterson, as I knew them from 

John T. Rogers, son of Edmund and Mary Shirley, married 
Olivia Lewis, a descendant of our Francis Sampson, though his 
great-granddaughter, Elizabeth Barbara, who married first Capt. 
Robards, and second Joseph Lewis, Jr. John and Olivia had 
their home "Beechlands" full of happy children, ten of them. 

Mary Kate married James E. Gorin, five children ; Fanny 
Olivia married U. Porter, four children ; John Lewis married 
Eugenia Reed ; Anne Eliza married E. Y. Kilgore : her children 
are John Lewis; Bolton Garrett; Mary, the wife of Rev. S. D. 


Gordon, who has given to so many help and comfort in his 
"Quiet Hour" books ; Edward Murray ; Reed Shaw ; and Evelyn 
Byrd, the wife of Dr. Batman. To Mrs. Kilgore I am greatly 
indebted for the use of her memoranda, and her delightful and 
encouraging letters, and I am glad we are doubly related to her. 
Her younger brothers and sisters are Edmund Pendleton married 
Stella Fowler, two children; Joseph Underwood married Kate 
Trabue, three children; Harriet; Ellen, the wife of Rev. C. W. 
Robinson, three children ; Lucy Porter, the wife of Hon. James 
M. Richardson, seven children, and Evelyn Byrd, wife of C. W. 
Thompson. James M. Richardson is himself related to me, de- 
scended from that Richard Woods, so prominent in early Augusta 
and Botetourt annals. He is a successful editor, and was mem- 
ber of Congress from his district. His father was Rev. James M. 
Richardson, captain and chaplain, killed at Kennesaw Mt., "the 
best and bravest." His wife, Mary Frances, was the daughter 
of Rev. Hervey Woods and Cecilia Hall, who had seven children ; 
one was Hon. Thos. Hall Woods, Judge of the Supreme Court 
of Mississippi, the father of Mrs, Robert T. Coit, of our Mission 
in Korea. The Richardsons have six living children. Their 
daughter, Lucy Rogers Richardson, has been head chief aide of 
Occupational Therapy since the World War. Her brother, 
Joseph Rogers Richardson, is the editor of the Glasgow Ken- 
tucky Times, owned by his father for forty years. 

Jane, daughter of Senator Joseph R. Underwood, by his first 
wife, married her cousin. Judge George Clark Rogers, and it was 
tlieir daughter, Evelyn Byrd, who was so charming and welcome 
at Pantops. Col. John Cox, brother to the second wife, came to 
visit his sister, fell in love with her stepdaughter Julia and mar- 
ried her: their daughter is the Laura Lee Cox whom you know 
and admire and who was with us often when her aunt-cousin, 
Josephine Woods, was at "Pantops." 


Anne, the fifth child of John Rogers and Mary Byrd, married 
her cousin, John Clark. For Lucy, daughter of Giles, had mar- 
ried Wm. Wilson: their daughter, Elizabeth Anne, married 
Tohnathan Clark: so that their son was first cousin to his wife's 


mother! The first John Clark, grandfather of Anne Rogers' 
husband, was the hero of the story of the "red-haired Scotch 
beauty," The great number of the first colonists were young 
bachelors going out to adventure what dangers they did not know. 
But the Council in London, anxious to settle them, sent them out 
wives, forty, sixty at a shipload, like the heroine in "To Have 
and to Hold." They took the greatest pains to search out 
"worthy and reputable girls," who were not required to accept 
the men who came wooing unless they were so inclined. As 
a matter of fact, some of them took months to decide, mean- 
while honored guests of the Commonwealth and lodged under the 
chaperonage of the society matrons of Jamestown. Now John 
Clark hearing of these maidens arriving at the capes, and lonely 
enough away up on the Mattaponigh, made haste to go and see 
what this wonderful cargo was like. And as he approached, 
so the story goes, he saw shining out like a beacon, a head of 
golden red, and forthwith said, "That is my wife, if I can get 
her." Whether she, too, was "forthwith," or whether she took 
her time to weigh matters, she married him. It was their grand- 
son, who, having married Anne Rogers, got a grant of land with 
three others in Albemarle County ; curiously enough it included 
the site of "Pantops," and two miles from there, near where 
"Buena Vista" is, George Rogers Clark was born. He became 
known to Mr. Jefiferson when a mere boy for his splendid courage, 
his skill in commanding men and in meeting the subtle tactics of 
the Indians. While Governor, Patrick Henry sent him with a 
troop of Virginians, not included in the ordinary Continental 
Army, against the British across the Ohio. By the most arduous, 
lengthy and brilliant campaigns, he "conquered the Northwest" 
and added to the Old Dominion all that magnificent territory now 
known as Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin and 
Minnesota "to the river." After the war was over, \^irginia be- 
stowed this great domain upon the United States in 1783, because 
there was jealousy of her greatness ! The understanding was 
that her officers and soldiers should have prior rights in settle- 
ment, and this caused a great exodus from Virginia : many of tlie 
most enterprising seeking homes in the wilderness. A proviso 
in the agreement when Virginia gave the whole, was that never 
again should her territory be divided, unless she so desired. 


This contract was broken by the Federal Government in 1863 
when West Virginia was broken off. 

Once when I was visiting my old friend at Annapolis, her 
husband, Captain, now Admiral Grant, my host, teased his wife 
about being a Virginian — "oh, these Virginians !" and I, having 
just recently discovered the above fact as to Virginia, assured him 
he was himself a Virginian. "You will raise me immensely in 
my wife's opinion," he said, "but as I was born in Wisconsin of 
New England folk, you will hardly prove it." Then I reminded 
him of this historic covenant between the Federal Government 
and a Sovereign State which broken became null and void: so 
that Virginia in equity, as it included Kentucky already, swept 
from the Atlantic "to the river," and so contains a countless 
host of "Virginians" even if they do not know their high lost 
birthright ! 

George Rogers Clark lived til 1818, but a sad wreck. His 
splendid physique was undermined by the frightful exposures of 
the five years' campaign with its untold sufferings, often up to 
their armpits in icy water for hours: only his indomitable 
courage held him to the task. He was incurably crippled and 
made captive by rheumatism. But he was the victim of a yet 
sadder captivity : the constant potations to which he fled as refuge 
from intolerable pain, and from his bitter disappointment at his 
country's failure to care for him, made him a slave to drink, 
until the fine mind which had planned and executed such wonder- 
ful things, was almost gone. He never married. 

His brother William, eighteen years younger, shared with 
Meriwether Lewis, another Albemarle man, the honors of the 
great Expedition by which another Northwest was secured to 
the United States in 1804 to 1806, and the present States- of 
Washington and Oregon, as also the Canada line, were assured. 
Truly our country owes much to the Rogers-Clarks. 
From 1813 to 1821 William Clark was Governor of the "Mis- 
ouri Territory" and was Commissioner of Indian affairs until his 
death. Another brother was Gen. Johnathan Clark, distinguished 
service. His great granddaughter was the wife of Rev. Dr. 
Benjamin Breckinridge Warfield, professor in Princeton Semi- 
nar}', who is my kinsman, and her sister is the wife of Rev. John 
Fox, the noble protester of New York Presbytery. 


Five of Anne Rogers Clark's sons were officers in the Revolu- 
tionary Army, The story is told that of their ten children one 
would have black hair like their mother and the next red hair like 
the Clarks : alternating regularly until two brothers in succession 
had the black hair. Next came Lucy with red hair, and she used 
to reproach her next oldest brother that he had "stolen her 
Rogers head." She grew up pretty and charming, and at a "house 
party" at her mother's cousin's, Mr. John Holmes, in Caroline 
County, one of the other young ladies said, "Why should Lucy 
Clark be such an attraction ? she is not so pretty, and a red head 
at thatf" Lucy, hearing of this, said : "I can tell you why. I have 
a right to their attention, for I have five brothers in the Con- 
tinental Army, and all officers at that!" 

Rachel, youngest child of John and Mary Byrd Rogers, married 
Donald Robertson, the most celebrated teacher in Virginia. He 
was a very learned man, educated at Oxford, a Scotchman, named 
for his mother's father, a MacDonald. His school was attended 
by many of the most talented men in Virginia, among them Presi- 
dent Madison. Two children. Isaac Robertson married Matilda, 
daughter of Commodore Richard Taylor, five daughters : Rachel 
T., Lucy, Eliza, Katharine and Mary Ann. Lucy Robertson 
married James W. Semple and had eight children. 


Byrd Rogers, Mary Byrd's youngest and favorite son, was a 
lieutenant in the Revolutionary Army and one of the Cincinnati. 
After your father was gone from us, a request came from the 
Society of the Cincinnati, asking him to "qualify for membership 
as descendant and representative of Lieutenant Byrd Rogers." 

Byrd Rogers was twice married : first to Mary Trice, of King 
and Queen ; three sons : John, Philip and Byrd ; second he mar- 
ried his wife's sister — a marriage then only recently become legal 
in Virginia — Martha Trice : her children, Lewis, Elizabeth, Lucy, 
Anne and George. John, oldest son of Byrd Rogers, lived in 
Albemarle, where he owned a very extensive estate, including the 
land about Keswick and running back up the mountain. He was 
noted as a successful planter, had many slaves and the best mill 
in the county. In 1820 the Albemarle Agricultural Society 


awarded him the premium for the County's best tilled plan- 

He, like his forbears, was interested in the church and helped 
build the Presbyterian Church at Keswick, giving the ground 
on which it stands. He married Susan Goodman, daughter of 
Charles Goodman, a soldier of the Revolutionary Army, and 
Elizabeth Horsley. They had five children : Anne, Mary, Thorn- 
ton, Janetta, John. Anne married Reuben Lindsay: two daugh- 
ters, Susan married John Guerrant Gray and Mary married 
Albert Gallatin Watkins. Mary married Richard Samp- 
son of "Dover" ; Janetta married his brother, John Price Samp- 
son. Thornton became a Presbyterian minister and was 
the preceptor of his nephew, Frank Sampson. He married 
Margaret Hart and they had nine children: i. Adeline 
married Edw. Caruthers, from them Mays, Cochrans, Cunning- 
hams ; 2. Susan married Rev. Joseph Baxter ; her two daughters 
died in early youth, but her son Thornton grew up a noble fellow 
and was preparing for the ministry when the Civil War swept 
that notable company from Hampden-Sidney. A classmate of 
his and his first cousin, Thornton Caruthers, who was their fellow- 
soldier, wrote me: "They were both of fine intellectual endow- 
ments and lovely character. We were all wounded in the Cavalry 
charge at Trevillians, 1864, and taken to the same field hospital. 
Baxter, always thinking of others, in spite of his pain, was singing 
and whistling, and his cheerfulness so encouraged me that I sum- 
moned up pluck to whistle too. My arm was taken off at the 
shoulder the same evening, but Baxter's operation was delayed 
and he died. Thornton Caruthers also died of his wound." Mrs. 
Baxter was your Grandfather Sampson's dearest friend and cor- 
respondent, and later your Grandfather W wds' very dear friend 
and "elderess," his standby when he preached at Keswick, espe- 
cially after her brother, Captain Wm., was gone, a fine old man 
whom my father loved and trusted. 3. Alexander Hamilton mar- 
ried Lavinia Wallace of my kin : they left two daughters, great 
church workers at Greenwood. 4. Thornton married Agnes Samp- 
son, one of the "six beautiful Sampsons," left two sons, John 
Thornton and Wm. After his death she married her cousin, 
Edward Thurman, and brought the old Rogers' homestead with 
her. 5. Julia married Keating S. Nelson, son of Judge Hugh 


Nelson, of Albemarle. They had six children : Kinloch was 
Bishop of Georgia; Keating an Episcopal minister. Betljy mar- 
ried Beverley Randolph Mason and made a great success of 
Gunston Hall School in Washington ; her sister Celia married 
Wm. B. Goolrick, a noted schoolmaster. 

8. Celia married Rev. James S. Wilson ; their children are : 
I. Rev. Thornton S. Wilson married my schoolmate, Fanny Owen, 
and has seven children ; lives in Halifax County, Va. 2. Eliza- 
beth married Dr. Edgar Timberlake, Staunton, \^a., four daugh- 
ters. 3. Rev. Oscar Wilson, very dear to us all, very devoted to my 
father, his pastor at Keswick. He hoped to be a missionary to 
Africa; but after a desperate illness, his eyesight impaired, he 
gave himself to the work of training our colored ministers at our 
Seminary for them at Tuscaloosa, Ala. One day when a storm 
was coming on, but no warning thunder or lightning as yet, he 
went to the phone, and as he took it down received a shock and 
was instantly killed. A truer nobler spirit never went suddenly to 
his Lord. I remember him well : his mobile expressive face, his 
beautiful large brown eyes ; his lovable disposition, his merry 
ways. We felt his loss greatly. 


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Mary, wife of John Rogers of King and Queen, son of Giles, 
was the daughter of Wm. Byrd and Mary Horsemanden, his wife. 
In all our early Colonial history there figures nothing more pic- 
turesquely conspicuous than the three generations named Wm. 
Byrd. The name, variously spelled Bird, Birde and Byrd, was 
found in Braxton, Cheshire, in ordinary respectable gentry. But 
a marriage with Grace Stagge, of a wealthy merchant family of 
London, gave her son, Wm. Byrd, a fortunate inheritance from 
her brother. Captain Thomas Stagge, a member of the Virginia 
(in London) Council, and landed proprietor in England and the 
Colony. The nephew was also heir to the keen practical sense of 
the Stagges, and the inheritance in his hands grew apace. Ar- 
riving in Virginia in 1673, just twenty-one, just married, he was 
four years later not only member of Council, but by Royal Ap- 
pointment Receiver-General and so continued until his death. 
Two years later, April, 1679, the House of Burgesses "because of 
too sad and fatall experience" of Indian warfare, gave more land 
"for frontier defence," the said frontier where Richmond now 
stands! It was enacted that "Captain Bird of Henrico" — "upon 
conditions and performances" should receive lands "begining on 
the southside James River one mile and a halfe below the falls 
and so continuing five miles up the river in a straight line and 
backwards one mile into the woods ; and on the northside of said 
river begining halfe a mile before the falls and thence continuing 
for five miles up the river and two miles back into the woods, all 
of which he accompts and presumes to be his owne lands." 
For this he was to "seate" fifty able armed men and keep them, 
and to gather "other tythable persons," and be responsible for 
defence. The City of Richmond can well afiford to keep a 
little patch of those "woods" out of that fifteen square miles and 
call it William Byrd Park ! 

At the Falls he built a home. When he came over six years 
before he brought his bride — both just twenty-one — Mary Horse- 
manden, of a lineage more distinguished than his own, going 
back to Royal ancestry, the daughter of L'rsula (daughter Sir 
Warham St. Leger) and Col. Warham Horsemanden, a man of 


potent connections, whose influence had no small part in the 
success of his son-in-law and grandson in getting what they 
wanted from the Council and the Court. Mrs. Byrd was a 
woman of strong character and lovable disposition, busy planning 
for her children, anxious for their education in England, con- 
cerned for their associations at the Falls. The site of their home 
which they called "Belvidera" was just west of the hill now called 
Gamble's, in Richmond, and would have deserved its name better 
had it been on the hill; but it was so close to the river (their 
only means of escape) that "in a Fresh" the water came into her 
parlor! Her responsibilities must have been onerous, for Col. 
Byrd was away most of the time, in various parts of the 
Colony, at Jamestown as Burgess and Treasurer, in England 
sent to advance the Virginia interest which even then was 
threatened by restriction of commerce. No wonder that her 
health suffered and she became an invalid. In 1688 Col. Byrd 
bought from Theodoric Bland a fine site twenty miles "nearer 
civilization" down the river. There he built Westover, a big 
comfortable wooden house, where later his son erected the 
famous mansion which still meets the eye of the traveler on 
the river boat. Here in a quieter and more luxurious home Mrs. 
Byrd spent the last ten years of her life, lonely enough, but for the 
loving companionship and tendance of Mary, her youngest child 
and namesake. The others were gone. Little Warham, named 
for her father, had died at five. The brilliant eldest son, Wm., 
was at Oxford learning well everything, a joy and pride. 

But not so fortunate had been the sending in 1690 of the 
older daughters, Susan and Ursula, to London to their mother's 
brother, Daniel Horsemanden, "recently married to a lady of 
fine social position and who lived in fine style in the country." 
He wrote Col. Byrd "complaining of their conduct, in what par- 
ticular does not appear." He replies : 

"June 2, 1691. 

"I rec'd one from you this year, and am glad to hear of your 
and your Lady's good health which I heartily wish you may 
both long enjoy, and may see a numerous progeny, who may 
live happy in the World without troubling their relations. I am 
sorry my children have been so troublesome: chargeable not, I 


hope, since I payed whatever was charged on mee, though had 
the money left by Sir. Edw. Pillmer been fairly accounted for, 
there might have been no occasion for that. Hereafter I shall 
endeavour to provide for them otherways, and as soon as the 
War is over to remove them far enough. I am sorry I had oc- 
casion for this, and that reflections have past which might deserve 
more. However on all occasions I shall be ever ready to express 

Dear Sir, 
Your Obliged Humble Servt., 

W. B. 

Susan married John Brayne and remained in London and her 
mother saw her no more, Ursula returned, married Robert 
Beverley and in one short year died, not yet seventeen, leaving a 
new-born son. So Mrs. Byrd changed her mind about the Eng- 
lish education and kept Mary to be taught at home. When the 
end came in 1699 only Mary was there to close her mother's eyes 
and to mourn as she was laid in the grave. Then the good 
daughter became the good wife of John Rogers as has been told 
in his record. In Bassett's edition of the writings of Wm. Byrd, 
he gives the genealogy of the three generations, and of Mary 
with record only of her birth, 1683, he says: "It is not known 
what became of her. She was living when her father made his 
will in 1700, but was not with him at his death in 1704." Perhaps 
in those lonely last hours, he wished she was : that the sweet 
voice which cheered her mother might fall on his ear, that the 
gentle hand which had been so tender and faithful in its service 
might soothe his brow. But the "little deare Mary," disowned, 
was far from the roof-tree. Only dependents and slaves were 
about him, and the darkness of the December night closed down. 

One thing about him it is pleasant for us to remember: his 
interest in the Huguenots, In 1698 he sends "Proposalls" to 
the Council in London arguing against the offer by the Carolina 
"Proprietors" ("compared with a plantation belonging to ye King, 
'to be preferred' by Virtue of Ye Prerogative") of "that Fog End 
of N, Carolina," and urging the advantage of "ye upper parte of 
James River which affords as Good land and as wholesome Air 
as any place in America." "At a Councill held at the hon'ble 


Mr. Auditor Byrd's March 9, 1700," they "order that such and 
so many as are willing to go and inhabit at the Manakin Towne" 
shall go and receive maintenance." 

He gave generously himself. And he proved the "faithfull 
friend" when he went the next year to view the new settlement 
with "Coll. Randolph, Capt. Epes, Capt. Webb and others," mak- 
ing his report in his usual observant and business-like manner: 
"Upwards of fourty hutts, most of them very mean : fields cleared 
for about 3 miles betwixt the two Creeks ; but few of y'm had 
broke ground or tved (weeded) the same. I sent for most of y'm 
and told y'm they must not expect to enjoy ye lande, unless they 
would endeavour to improve it, and if they made no corne, could 
not expect any further relief from the Colony." If he scorned 
John Rogers how much more would he have disdained one of 
the "poore fifrench" Frangois Sampson as an ancestor of any 
of his descendants ! Let us hope that in the light of a clearer 
day, he is equipped with better standards and a larger vision 
of real worth. 

His son, the most famous Wm. Byrd "of a thousand gifts of 
person and mind so rarely blended that he was called at Court 
'the Black Swan of Virginia,' succeeded to his father's honours, 
and added his own. From Oxford, "he was called to the bar in 
the Middle Temple, studied in the Low Countries, visited the 
Court of France, was chosen Fellow of the Royal Society — was 
thrice appointed public Agent to the Court and being 37 years 
Member of the Virginia Council, became at last its President. 
His genius is embalmed in our national literature as author of 
the Westover Mss. including the History of the Dividing Line 
between Va. and N. C. 1728-29." 

With something less than his father's sagacity, he had pre- 
eminently all the joy of life equally in the revels at Court, in 
scientific observation by the wayside or in the wilderness of the 
Dividing Line where his keen eye saw every living thing; or in 
the quiet of his great Westover Library, the most notable gather- 
ing of books then in the New World. Sorrows came to him. 
Opposition developed. His beautiful Evelyn, round whose name 
poetry and romance love to linger, the cynosure of the Court, 
refused to make any alliance agreeable to him, when he crossed 
her betrothal to the Earl of Peterborough because he was a Ro- 


man Catholic. Darker shadows gathered at his hearthstone. But 
he Hved out his three-score and ten in honour and success. 

The "principahty," the offices and lands — nearly 200,000 acres — 
came to his son, his wife's "little Governour" ; a greater prin- 
cipality, but to a prince far less great. Like his father, twice 
married — he left a larger family, who intermarried with all the 
leading families on the river. He was a brave soldier, and a 
lovable man ; but the practical Stagge ballast was gone, and the 
adventurous spirit of his fathers beguiled him to the gaming 
table where the great fortune and the broad acres melted away. 
Before his fiftieth year, bankrupt in purse and in hope — he 
died by his owm hand. Westover was sold, and brave Mary 
Willing, of Philadelphia, his second wife, had a difficult task in 
gathering the remnants of the once great estate to provide for 
her children. But her daughters, like their aunts, married well. 
Her beautiful Evelyn, more fortunate than her namesake, married 
Benj. Harrison, the heir of "Brandon," and there to this day are 
seen the Westover portraits and silver and beautiful old maho- 
gany the Byrd ships had brought from London through the hun- 
dred years before. The Harrisons and the Carters and the Lees 
filled their places in the public eye. And meantime Mary Byrd, 
of the faithful heart, in her "Rogers house" was rearing her 
children, and they their children, to fill their places also great in 
the making of America's greatness. 


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Giarles Goodman, a soldier of the Revolution, had bought land 
in Albemarle in 1761, having already married Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of Roland Horsley. His estate, my father found, was located 
on the South Fork of the Rivanna, where the Wingfields' place 
now is, and was more than a thousand acres. He was appointed 
magistrate in 1794, but soon resigned, loving the quiet of his 
home rather than public life. He was noted as "upright in all 
his dealings." When in his will he made bequests of negroes to 
his children, he required a certain proportion of the value of their 
labour to be paid them year by year : it is probable he did him- 
self what he enjoined upon others. He died in 1827. His chil- 
dren were William, Joseph, Nathan, John (a Methodist preacher), 
Susan (wife of John Rogers), Roland Horsley, Jeremiah A. and 
Elizabeth, Mrs. Anderson. 

Roland Horsley, father of Mrs. Goodman, was the son of 
Robert Horsley, of St. Paul's Parish, Hanover County, granted 
land on the north side of the Rivanna River September 17, 1731. 
His grandfather, Robert Horsley, the first of the name in Vir- 
ginia, patented land in Northumberland County October 6, 1655. 
"The Horsleys had long been seated in Wiltshire." The Hor- 
sleys and Cabells were closely connected. William Horsley, 
brother to Roland, educated in England, seems to have come to 
Virginia with the Cabells in 1723, and was tutor to Dr. Cabell's 
children. There was then a new chapter in the old fascinating 
story of a handsome young teacher and a fair pupil. William 
improved his opportunities and married Mary Cabell : their son 
John married his cousin, Mary Mildred Cabell ; their daughter, 
Alice Winston Horsley, married Rev. Samuel Watkins; their 
only child, Mildred Cabell Watkins, is a missionary to China. 
The distinguished surgeon, Dr. John Shelton Horsley, of St. 
Elizabeth's Hospital, Richmond, is the son of Robert, son of 
Robert, son of Wm. and Mary Horsley. 


Is most elusive. Lieut. Byrd Rogers, Mary Rogers Sampson's 
grandfather, one of the Cincinnati, married first Mary Trice 
and second her sister Martha, a marriage to the "deceased wife's 
sister," only just then become legal in Virginia. The National 
Society of the Cincinnati asked your father to qualify as a mem- 
ber representing Lieut. Byrd Rogers. A curiously worded old 
record May 3, 1673, describes a grant patent of 226 acres of land 
"lying and being in New Kent County (a part afterwards King 
and Queen) from Sir Wm. Berkeley to James Trice for fur- 
nished transport for three persons into this Colony and Dominion 
to have and to hold, etc., yielding and paying, etc., transport 
twice for Robert Bristow and for a woman who died at sea" 1 

In 1747, in Stratton-Major Parish, King-and-Queen County, 
Edward Trice and James Trice were appointed twice to "pro- 
cession." November 20, 1784, title to allotment of land for 
Revolutionary service is certified to John Heath as heir-at-law 
to Dabney Trice and Wm. Trice. A Dabney Trice married 
Lucy Anne Minor, a sister of Mr. Wm. Minor, of "Gale Hill" ; 
he could have told us all about them, but had died before I dis- 
covered any relationship. Young Dabney, her son, studied medi- 
cine with your uncles at the University and had a sanitarium on 
the way to Monticello, but did not know his grandfather's name. 
His sister Lucy, a lovely girl, married John Minor, her cousin, 
and left a daughter, Margaret, married Jacqueline Ambler 
Caskie ; but Mr. Minor seems unaware of her ancestors. 

To various other Trices in King-and-Queen and in Richmond 
I wrote, being told they would know : not even a line came back 
though I sent a stamped addressed envelope. One to whom I 
phoned replied he did not know anything about the family history. 
So you must take your Trices on trust; they came to Virginia 
early, they fought in the Revolution, they were honest and reliable 
enough to "procession," and those we knew, Dabney and Lucy, 
were all you could wish as kindred. 

The county records of King and Queen County were thrice 
burned in war times — 1781, 1814 and 1863. 


This finishes the record of your father's father's people, the 
Sampsons, and affiliated f amiHes whose blood is yours ; as far as 
I have been able to find them. 


Caroline Dudley, born in 1821, wife of Rev. Dr. Francis 
Sampson, was the oldest daughter of Russell Dudley and Mary 
Baldwin, who removed to Richmond from Hartford, Conn., in 
1813. The Dudleys (Dudleigh) were a well-known family in 
various parts of England from the time of the Conquest. They 
had large families and a way of marrying heiresses. Dean 
Dudley says : "The lawyer of Henry VH's time did the King 
and the Kingdom great service in disentangling titles and 
settling estates after the confusion of the War of the Roses, 
when so many of the great families were wiped out ; but 
as both the King and himself were enriched, he made him- 
self much hated and villi fied by many whose claims he dis- 
allowed." The great Earl of Warwick, the King maker, was 
a Dudley. So was the Duke of Northumberland: so his son 
who married Lady Jane Grey, both paying for the honours 
with their heads when Queen Mary of the Bloody name got 
hold of them. The mother of Sir Philip Sidney — and so Sir 
Philip himself, was of the Dudley blood. "Elizabeth's Robert, 
Earl of Leicester, was a Dudley, whose character, as well as the 
Queen's, deeply tarnished by Jesuit writers, is difficult to estimate, 
especially by minds dazzled by Kenilworth and Scott's well- 
known prejudice." 

Among the ramified branches of the prolific Dudleys, was that 
of Willingham which by marriage acquired settlement south of 
London near Guilford and also at Sheen, now Richmond, both in 
Surrey. Rev. Henry Whitfield, rector of Oakley, married Wm. 
Dudley to Jane Lutman August 24, 1636, and with them and 
others landed at Guilford, Conn., the summer of 1639, sailing 
from London May 20. This Wm. Dudley was representative to 
the General Court of the Colony, corresponding to the Virginia 
House of Burgesses, and held other offices. The seventh 
of his eleven children, Joseph, was Town Clerk, and like 
his father member of the General Court in 1706. He 
married Anne Robinson. Their son Caleb, third of 
nine children, married Elizabeth Buck, daughter of 
Enoch Emmanuel Buck of "Wethersfield." The second of 


their eight children, Caleb II, married Hannah Stone. His sister, 
Ruth Dudley, married Samuel Evarts; from them descend sev- 
eral notable persons of that name. David Dudley, youngest son 
of Caleb I and Elizabeth Buck, married Mary Talman, daugh- 
ter of Dr. Ebenezer Talman. Their daughter Anna married 
Timothy Field (son of David Field and Abigail Tyler) ; their 
son, Rev. David Dudley Field, married Submit Dickinson, and 
their famous sons were David Dudley Field, Justice U. S. Su- 
preme Court; Henry Martyn Field, author and editor; and most 
notable of all, Cyrus Field, founder of the Atlantic Cable Com- 
pany, whose courage and perseverance after two disastrous break- 
ages "made electric communication sure" in 1866. The first 
public message had been sent by Queen Victoria to President 
Buchanan August 10, 1858. The youngest of the five children 
of Caleb Dudley II and Hannah Stone was Amos, soldier in the 
Revolution; he married Mary Evarts, daughter of Ebenezer 
Evarts; their son, Russell Dudley, fifth of six children, was the 
father of Mrs. Francis Sampson. He married Mary Baldwin, 
removing to Richmond immediately after. Six children were 
born to them in Richmond : i. Russell died just reaching manhood. 
2. Rev. Jacob Dennison, father of Mrs. Sarah Dudley Staples, 
who has three children: Kate married to Rev. Jacob Whit- 
more, has two children, and Henry and Dennison, both married, 
with children. 

3. Caroline married to Rev. Dr. Francis Sampson. 

4. Emmeline married Wm. Christian, five children: i. Thomas 
married Kate James, of Detroit, their only child, Kate married 
Charles G. Taylor, one of Richmond's foremost younger busi- 
ness men ; has two children, Katharine and Donald. 
2. Elizabeth ; 3. Mary ; 4. William ; 5. Emma, your dearly beloved 
cousin, married her kinsman. Judge George Llewellyn Christian, 
their home the abode of hospitality and kindness to all of us. 
She has three sons: i. Stuart Grattan married Lightfoot Sims; 
two sons, Raleigh Colston and Stuart G., Jr. 2. Wm. married 
Aya Berg, a Russian lady ; one son, George Llewellyn. 3. Frank 
Gordon. Every Southern family cherishes its hero of the Civil 
War: and some shine as radiantly in the trying years that fol- 
lowed. But few could tell the story which only Judge Christian's 
modesty prevents the telling, of terrible battles when but a boy, 


of wounds which still cause suffering after sixty years, of study 
of his profession under greatest difficulties, of building up his 
fortunes from total loss, of leadership in every enterprise of 
Richmond, patriotic, legal, commercial, social, churchly: an 
Elder in the church, the counsellor of the Seminary — of all 
honored and beloved. 

5. Elizabeth Dudley married Rev. Dr. Henry Martyn Parsons, 
of Springfield, Mass., later pastor of the Knox Church, Toronto, 
Canada; five children: Jessie, Emma, Walter, Henry married 
Harriet D. Kirkman ; two children, Adeline and Henry ; and 
EHzabeth (Bessie) married Rev. Dr. John Timothy Stone, Mod- 
erator General Assembly, pastor Brown Memorial, Baltimore, 
and later of Fourth Presbyterian Church, Chicago. 

We recall their great loving kindness to us in Baltimore in 
1903-4, and the little daughters, Elizabeth, now Mrs. Coleville 
C. Jackson, and Margaret, now Mrs. Charles B. S. Evans. 
Another daughter born in Chicago — Katharine. 



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Mary Baldwin, wife of Russell Dudley, was born in Hartford, 
Conn. She descends from John Baldwin from Buckinghamshire, 
of a very ancient family, who came to Milford, Conn., Novem- 
ber 29, 1639. He married later Mary Bruen of Pequot, his sec- 
ond wife, who came from Cheshire with her brother Obadiah. 
Their father was Sir John Le Bruen, of Bruen-Stapleford. 

George, son of John and Mary Baldwin, born 1662, was deacon 
1715: "left an enormous estate" and many children. His wife 
was Deborah Rose, daughter of Deacon Johnathan Rose, of 
Branford. Their son Israel was deacon 1745 and Town Clerk 
1748: his wife, Dinah Butler, Their son Israel II lived at Bran- 
ford and was known as Israel Baldwin of "Bear Place." He 
married Lydia Frisbie. Their son was Jacob, a Lieutenant in 
the Navy in the Revolutionary War. He afterward removed to 
Granville, Mass. His wife was Lucy Sharpe, the widow of 
Joseph H. Seymour, whose beautiful portrait hangs in the home 
of her great-granddaughter, wife of Judge Christian. 

Jacob and Lucy Baldwin had six children: i. Heman, who re- 
moved to Richmond in 1815. Many descendants: Lyons, Sweets, 
Kendalls, Wards, Tabbs, Kents, Dickinsons. Your lovely cousin, 
Elizabeth, Mrs. David Sutherland Sinclair, and her sister Grace. 
Mrs. Edward Morris, of Roanoke, were great-grandchildren. 
2. Mary, your great-grandmother, Mrs. Dudley. 3. Dennison 
killed in battle on U. S. man of war "Peacock" October 10, 1814. 
4. Russell, died unmarried in Gainesville, Ga. 5. Fanny married 
Jesse Read. 6. Lucy married George Van Duersen. 

From John Baldwin and Mary Le Bruen descends also an- 
other family of Virginia Baldwins. His son John by his first wife 
married Deborah Bruen, niece of his stepmother; their son 
Nathanael married Mary Cougar and removed to Newark, N. J. 
Their son Elijah was the father of Dr. Cornelius Baldwin, Sur- 
geon in Revolutionary War, who removed after peace to Win- 
chester, Va., and married Mary Briscoe. 

I. Their oldest daughter, Margaret, married Judge Wm. 
Daniel; their daughter, Mary Cornelia, married Mayo Cabell; 
their daughter, Mary Baldwin Cabell, married R. L. Brown, 


and their son is Bishop Wm. Cabell Brown, of Virginia. Mayo 
and Mary B. Cabell's son, Wm. D. Cabell, had a successful school 
at Norwood, Nelson County, where your father was his pupil 
and ever after they were friends. He afterward lived in Wash- 
ington, married his cousin, Mary Virginia Ellet, daughter of the 
famous engineer; their daughter married Amishaddai Moore, of 
Berryville, Va. 2. Wm. Daniel married Sarah Warwick; their 
son, John Warwick Daniel, was Senator from Virginia, eloquent 
orator. 3. Elvira Daniel married Charles Ellet, born at Penn's 
Manor, 1810; he "introduced the use of wire suspension bridges 
into America" first at Fairmount, Pa., in 1842; and the great 
bridge at Niagara Falls, 1847 I their daughter, as said, married her 
cousin, Wm. D. Cabell. 4. Martha Daniel married Judge Wood 
Bouldin, a very distinguished lawyer. 

II. Briscoe Gerard Baldwin, son of Dr. Cornelius, married 
Martha Brown ; their daughter, Frances, married Hon. A. H. H. 
Stuart, "whom the Union-loving women of Richmond crowned 
with roses when he opposed secession in 1861 !" The oldest 
daughter, Frances, married Rev. Dr. J. M. P. Atkinson, his third 
wife. 2. Mary married Dr. Hunter McGuire, the great surgeon, 
and their son is Dr. Stuart McGuire, equally famous. 3. Susan 
married Rev. R. A. Gibson, now Bishop of Virginia. 4. Margaret, 
with whom I went to school in Staunton, married Alex. F. 
Robertson, an old student friend of mine. 

HI. Robert Baldwin married Portia Lee Hopkins ; their 
daughter, Mary Briscoe, married Rev. Dr. J. M. P. Atkinson, 
President Hampden-Sidney, his first wife; their older daughter, 
Portia Lee Atkinson, my schoolmate and dear friend, married 
Rev. Alfred Morrison, brother of Mrs. Stonewall Jackson; the 
younger daughter, Betty, is Mrs. Archie Owen, of Halifax 

IV. Mary Baldwin married W. W. Donaghe ; their daughter 
married Rev. Robert White ; their son, Rev. W. D. White. 

V. Wm. Daniel Baldwin married Margaret Sowers ; their 
daughter, Mary Julia Baldwin, wonderful woman, the great, be- 
loved principal of the long-established Seminary in Staunton, 
which now bears her name. My own debt to the influence of 
her goodness and to the loving friendship with which she honored 
me through the years after school life, can never be expressed. 


My knowledge of this branch and its connection with your father 
is due to her request that I take her copy of Chas. Candee 
Baldwin's '"Baldwin Family" and work it out for her, which she 
said she "had neither eyes nor strength to do herself." 

From John Baldwin, of Milford, descends Mrs. Charles D. 
Larus, by both father and mother. The same Nathanael from 
whom my dear "Miss Baldwin" came, had a son Robert who 
married Mary Denham ; their son, Zadoc, a soldier of the Revolu- 
tion, had a son, Robert, who married Mary O. Gould; their son, 
Johnson Gould, married Jane Broadwell; their daughter, Jane, 
married her distant kinsman, Thos. Scott Baldwin, son of Rev. 
Barr B. and Cornelia Keen, son of Dr. Gabriel B. and Miss Burr, 
niece of the President of Princeton ; his father was Jared B. 
married Damaris Booth; son of Caleb B. and Hannah Beach; 
Caleb, dying young, was described as "a pillar in the House of 
God taken while green" ; his father, Samuel, son of Josiah, son 
of John Baldwin, of Milford. 

Cornelia Keen Baldwin, daughter of Thos. Scott Baldwin and 
Jane Baldwin, his wife, married Charles Dunning Larus; three 
children : 

1. Jennie Baldwin married John Hobart Reed and has seven 
children : Cornelia Baldwin, John Hobart, Jr., Chas. Larus, Well- 
ford Claiborne, Stanley Pleasants, Pleasants Larus, Jane Larus. 

2. Charles D., Jr., married Anne Eley Morris; three children: 
I. Chas. D. III.; 2. Anne Harrison; 3. Elizabeth Baldwin. 

3. Lewis Griffin married Anne Gavin Traylor; four children: 
Lewis Griffin and Cornelia Anne, twins ; Roberta Traylor, Robert 
Lee Traylor. 

Still another branch comes into connection with you on my side. 
From Nathanael Baldwin, brother of John (through Samuel of 
Guildford Timothy, Michael, William), Judge James William 
Baldwin married Margaret Jane Hoge, daughter of Rev. Dr. 
James Hoge and Jane Woods, who were cousins ; their daughter 
married, 1870, Wm. J. M'Comb; had daughter 1871 and son 1873. 

Other descendants of John Baldwin have been distinguished in 
all parts of our country. The noted family of Bruens go back to 
him by several intermarriages. Matthias Baldwin, founder of 
the great Locomotive Works in Philadelphia, through William, 
]\Iatthias, Johnathan, John : and his wiie Sarah Crane Baldwin 


(Isaiah, Nath, Elijah, Nathaniel, John), both from John of 
Milford ; Rogers Sherman Baldwin, Gov. of Conn, and Henry- 
Porter Baldwin, Gov. of Michigan, both U. S. Senators, were 
of the same family. 



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Mary, wife of John Baldwin, of Milford, was the daughter of 
Sir John Le Bruen, of Bruen-Stapleford, Cheshire. His hfe was 
pubHshed in 1641 "because of his great piety and goodness to 
the poor." It was repubHshed in New York in 1854. I tried 
to find a copy, it was not to be had. But Rev. Henry Bruen 
with whom I crossed the ocean in 1898, told me his father had 
a copy. Later I obtained extracts from this "Life." "His home 
was none other than the house of God. The Primate of all 
Ireland said of him that "in him was the very beauty of hoHness ; 
he was of so amiable and cheerful a countenance that when I 
beheld him I was reminded of Moses whose very face shone as 
honoring some more than ordinary grace in the heart." He 
died 1625. His portrait was engraved and re-engraved. He 
and his sister, Catherine, are found in Christopher Morton's 
"Lives of Fathers and Reformers," which tells that he had "great 
part in the reformation and purity of the Church" ; and that he 
"kept such open house for all that were distressed, as greatly to 
impoverish his patrimony and came near to reduce him to 
poverty." This may account in part for his children's emigration, 
together with the trouble Archbishop Laud and the High Church 
party were making for those of their belief. 

By his third wife, Margaret, he had a daughter, Mary, baptized 
June 4, 1622, and thus was "sweet seventeen" when she made 
the voyage with her brother, Obadiah, and arriving in Milford, 
presently married John Baldwin. Of their descendants the Bald- 
win chapter has told. 

Of the Le Bruens Mr. Tuttle, a Boston historian and genealogist, 
says : During the long period of 400 years, (from their settlement 
in Cheshire) the Le Bruens became connected by marriage and 
(so) descent with the most eminent families of Cheshire and 
adjoining counties, to-wit: Booth, Button, Balkeley, Venables, 
Brereton, Leigh, Holford, Stanley, Clinton, Montfort. Through 
some of these, as may be seen in the genealogical works of 
Burke and in various County Records they were descended 
De Veres, Bohuns Plantaganets, from William the Conqueror, 
the ancient Kings of Scotland, Alfred the Great, Hugh Capet 


and Charlemagne" ! Sir John Le Bruen was the thirty-eighth 
generation from Charlemagne. I have copied the entire descent ! 
From Obadiah, my friend, Henry Bruen, of Korea, is de- 
scended. On the deck of the ship as we journeyed to London, he 
was introduced to me, and I said, "Are you descended from Sir 
John Le Bruen, of Bruen-Stapleford, Cheshire?" "Why, how 
in the world did you know that?" he said. He and his brother, 
Nonnan, who was with him, went to the old place, but found 
nothing of interest. The next winter at Lafayette College Nor- 
man was ill almost unto death. Henry, called from Princeton, 
wrote me begging us to pray for his recovery. God answered 
our prayers. The next year Henry sailed for Korea, where he 
and his charming wife have worked ever since. His father, his 
uncle, his grandfather — all Presbyterian ministers. 



In reality it is not Woods at all, if tradition speaks true, but 
Du Bois. My father, Rev. Edgar Woods, bred a lawyer, would 
not admit to his printed statement anything for which there was 
not a legal record. But he knew the tradition and when the 
old Frenchman, his professor at college, complimented him openly 
before the class as the only one who "got the accent," and later 
asked if he were not of French blood, he acknowledged of neces- 
sity that so the fathers had said. He used to tease me about 
the untrustworthiness of tradition ; whereas, I held that besides 
being interesting, it was useful as suggestion or guide in looking 
for data, with such a wandering tribe. Dr. Neander Woods' 
theory about Cromwell's soldier is untenable: our own branch 
knew that they were Scotch and they believed in the French 
origin. Hanna's "History of the Scotch-Irish" (which name I 
hate, as you know, claiming only Ulster-Scotch) gives numerous 
settlers in Ulster from Scotland named Woods with our given 
names, not only Wm., John, Richard, and a "Widow Woods," 
but Adam, Patrick, Peter, Andrew, Archibald, all of which ap- 
pear in the first generations on this side. As to the name trans- 
lated, I came back from Philadelphia once triumphant, when in 
the library I had found record of a family of Du Bois in New 
Jersey who had received a grant in Colony days, had later trans- 
lated their name to Woods, and had had an entry made upon the 
County Record that the change had been made "because of 
difficulty of pronunciation"; also that the record was "here 
inscribed lest any question of title to their grant arise to their 
hurt." I find, too, that Mr. Philip Bruce cites a Hugh Wood 
in Lower Norfolk, 1656, who was originally a Du Bois, but 
changed to Wood. 

The name Woods is frequently found in all languages, as all 
names of natural objects are, like Hill, Field, Rivers, etc. There 
are plenty of Woodses as well as Woods, not related to us, in 
England and Ireland. The Garter-King-at-Arms is a Woods. 
In Scotland the name is less frequently found : we all came away I 
We went there Du Bois: we left Woods, after a generation 
or two. 


Do you remember our Scotch friend at Nantucket, Miss Mae 
Leod, who was disposed to question my Scottish rights— she 
"never heard of a Woods in Scotland!" But a week later she 
came back with an apology. She had been reading Ramsay's 
Miscellanies and found mention of his going to "hear ane 
Wuds preach," a note explaining that Wuds was Woods. And 
preaching, too! 

So it is probable that as we go back from Virginia through 
Pennsylvania, through Ulster, through Scotland, we also go back 
to France. There had been much intercourse between Scotland 
and France, both hereditary enemies of England, for centuries. 
More than one royal marriage had been followed by alliances be- 
tween maids of honor and nobles. Also by the poverty of Scot- 
land and its factional strife, many a cadet of gentle family had 
been drawn into the ranks of the Royal Scottish Archers, the 
King's body-guard since Charles VI, like Ludovic Leslie in 
"Quentin Durward" ; and they had intermarried with the gentry 
of the French provinces. Boats carrying merchandise went back 
and forth. As the Reformation came, friendships were formed 
especially wnth the West of Scotland which still carries French 
words in its daily speech, praising a man for being "bien and 
douce." It is interesting to find that the tune we call "Dundee" 
is named "French" in Scotland, and evidently came from la belle 

But it was not so "belle," not so "heureuse" at any rate, 
to that Michel or Andre, after Bartholomew's terrible day. 
My grandmother Woods used to fill my delighted ears with the 
story of their escape. They lived a day's journey from the sea, 
and had dealings with sailor friends and Protestants in the port, 
which one we do not know: possibly La Rochelle, though from 
my recollection (and I always feel I lived through it, so vivid 
the story) it seemed a smaller place. Because that Michel or 
Andre Du Bois would be well known there and recognized as 
attempting to escape — and it was the galleys for the attempt — 
if he were seen with his whole family ; suspicion would be quick. 
So having planned carefully, he made a sort of deep cradle in a 
thick oak in the woods — du bois, indeed— about half way to the 
coast, and at night took the older of his two children — my grand- 
mother called her petite Anne or Annette— a little girl of six. 


and hid her up in the tree. He said, "Be brave, dear child, and 
say nothing." Then he went back home, took his wife and baby 
the same night and reached the port early the next day. Leaving 
them the next night, he went back for his little daughter. Mean- 
time Annette had slept and wakened, had eaten of the bread and 
water left her, and had watched for her father. But when he 
came he found a bivouac of soldiers, a big fire burning, feasting 
and drinking going on. There was no way to reach her without 
being seen in the bright light : so he climbed into a tree as near 
as he could, and managed to whistle a little bird signal well known 
to her. And there they had to stay concealed, afraid to move, 
unable to speak, but with the tiny twitter of that precious signal 
to keep heart in the wee damsel. "Be brave," and brave indeed 
she was ; "say nothing," and so she did. Think of the terrors 
of those times, that taught such a baby caution and self-control ! 
The dragoons finally departed late the next day, after forty hours 
hiding for her. "The Forty Hours," my grandmother called 
the story. Meantime the poor mother had visions of capture, 
of the galleys for him, and — worse to those parents, convent- 
rearing for Annette ; but she "bided donee" ; and finally, the 
family reunited, set sail in a friendly boat, and steering clear of 
the French coast in the darkness, reached English waters and so 
the Port of Galloway. 

From the incomplete "Lists of Refugees for the Religion" in 
London, I copied names of Du Bois : Andre, Jean, Michel, Adam, 
Guilliaume, from Poitou and La Vendee, finding refuge there 
after the Revocation. But our crossing to Scotland must have 
been earlier, for the father of our Michel, now Michael, was 
born in Scotland, and he in Ulster in 1684, the year before the 
Revocation. His name means the "splendour of God," His great 
Archangel, and was always pronounced here in early days Scotch 
fashion, in three syllables as emphasizing El the name of God. 
Mary Campbell, Michael's wife, was born in Scotland "of the 
Argyles." They did not tarry in Ulster, for a great hope of 
freedom to worship had appeared across the sea. In 1724 they 
arrived in Philadelphia, in 1732 in Virginia, in 1734 in Albemarle; 
"home at last," where Foote in his "Sketches" mentions being 
entertained in his home. The summer of 1895, three kinsmen. 
Dr. Neander Woods, Mr. Michael Woods Wallace, the wonder- 


ful blind man who saw more than most people with eyes, and 
my father, made a pilgrimage of filial piety to establish the site 
of the old home at "Blair Park," which had burned down many 
years before. They found it. Close by, a thicket of roses white 
and fragrant, marked the spot where Mary Campbell planted 
the slip she had cherished all the long way from Scotland first 
and then from Ulster and from Pennsylvania ! as one of Alicajah 
Woods' old letters told. Major Varner mentioned that near 
Lexington where that brother and sisters lived there was a well- 
known white rose called the "Sarah Lapsley" rose, probably a 
scion from that beloved and well-travelled plant of remembrance. 
Michael brought with him^ his wife, five daughters, five sons, 
three nephews and a niece. Another son was born in Virginia. 
His oldest son, Richard, remained in Augusta, as did also his 
oldest daughter, Magdalena, the wife of John M'Dowell, and 
Sarah, who married Joseph Lapsley. The three nephews and 
niece were the children of his sister, Elizabeth Woods, and Peter 
Wallace; they were William, Andrew and Peter and they mar- 
ried their three cousins : Hannah, Margaret and Martha Woods, 
respectively, while Wm. Woods married his cousin, Susannah 
Wallace. There were many such repeated intermarriages, 
cousins, or a wife's sister with the husband's brother ; there were 
few of their "own folk" and a horror of marrying "outside." 
An old letter speaks with reprobation of one who had occasioned 
great distress by his marriage to "a godless girl of common stock, 
one of the heathen hereabout." The "up-country" had a rather 
undesirable population of runaways and "wanted" men, until our 
Scotch and Ulster-Scotch brought a fine, pure, strong current to 
clear the stream. 

So the eight cousins decided to get married: but how? Needs 
must the knot be tied by a Church of England minister. The 
Test Act still held in Virginia, and no other marriage was legal. 
The nearest minister was at Orange, the new Court House, sixty 
miles away, and no road. Albemarle was not yet a county, not 
until 1744, out of Goochland, itself only made in 1724. Orange 
was formed only in 1732. 

An old letter tells of the wedding journey of the four Wallaces 
and four Woodses, young folks full of vitality and fun — the 


oldest under twenty-five, the youngest just fifteen. It was Octo- 
ber weather and glorious moonlight. Through the pathless woods 
they went, finding a trail by signs of broken branches and 
"cairns" of stones, and once in a while an open "Savannah." 
The story goes, in such an open they ran races^ — all on horse- 
back — and they sang all the songs and some hymns they knew — 
and danced the Scotch reels — and had a good time generally ! 

The very first thing Michael did, after making a shelter for his 
family, was to build with his sons and sons-in-law, a church beside 
his house ; and not long after another at Rockfish, each with its 
school. Opequon, near Winchester, claims to be the first Presby- 
terian Church ever built on the main land in Virginia, 1734; 
but it did not much, if at all, antedate Mountain Plains. The 
"Eastern Shore" has the honor of the first, Rehoboth, 1683, 
and Francis Makemie. 

A descendant of the Rev. Saml. Black published the following 
in the Charlottesville, Virginia, Chronicle, March 21, 1879, from 
the old document in his possession : 

Ivy Creek, March 29, 1747. 

Whereas it is agreed or proposed that ye inhabitants of Ivy 
Creek and ye Mountain Plain congregation joyn together with 
ye congregation of Rockfish, to call and invite ye Reverend 
Samuel Black now residing in ye bounds of ye Reverend Mr. 
John Craig's Congregation, to be our Minister and Pastor to 
administer ye ordinances of ye Gospel among us : All we, whose 
names are hereunto affixed, do promise and oblige ourselves to 
pay yearly and every year ye several sums annexed to our names, 
for ye outward support and Incouragement of ye said Mr. Samuel 
Black during his abode and continuance among us, for ye one 
half of his Labour in ye Administration of Gospel Ordinances 
to us in an orderly way, according to ye Rules and Practice of 
our Orthodox Reformed Presbyterian Church: as Witness our 

This was evidently written by Michael Woods, who signs first 
with £, and his son, William, follows with the same, Archi- 
bald with 1.5, William Wallace the same, Andrew Wallace and 
John Woods, Sr., with 15s. Five other Woodses sign: Michael, 
Jr., Nathan, Patrick, John, Jr., and Archibald. Eleven of this 


family out of fifty-seven names. Four others give as much as 
one pound — the rest an average of eight shillings each. 

Their love of their church was a passion, nurtured by years of 
persecution in the "Killing time" in Scotland under Charles II 
and James, when the persecutor was the Church of England, not 
the Church of Rome; their dearest had died at the hands of 
dragoons, had been beheaded, burned at the stake, drowned in 
the rising tide of the sea. Seeking relief they had gone to 
Ulster, and there had fought bravely for the Protestant Succes- 
sion. With other Presbyterians they had awaited recognition 
from Wm. and Mary, which they had a right to expect, not only 
for their "like faith" with the Holland Church; but with the 
further claim that William owed his crown largely to the defence 
of Ulster where the Siege of Londonderry kept back James' 
forces and prevented their junction with Claverhouse as planned. 
The delay brought the victory of Killiecrankie where Claverhouse 
at last came to the end of his suave cruelties. 

The Scotch in Ulster had no desire to adventure into the un- 
known beyond the ocean, and they thought the King would 
presently lighten their burdens. For ten, twenty, thirty years 
with incredible patience they waited, but were doomed to dis- 
appointment. What Macaulay calls the "perfidious ingratitude" 
of the Stuarts toward the Presbyterians of Scotland seemed to 
follow with the Stuart blood to William's heart. Nor were they 
only negative wrongs that sapped their sturdy loyalty to the King. 
We, their children, ought never to forget what they suffered and 
braved for conscience sake. 

"Awake remembrance of these valiant dead 
And with your puissant arm renew their feats ! 
You are their heir, you sit upon their throne ; 
The blood and courage that renowned them 
Run in your veins." 

— King Henry V. 

They had only to bow in the Temple of Rimmon once a 
year, to take Communion in the English Church at Easter, and 
their political status would be established and every disability 


removed. But this they abhorred as sacrilege, to observe so 
sacred a rite for political reasons. 

What drove them from their country "for faith and freedom to 
w^orship God" was the exactions of the Test Act, the Act of Uni- 
formity, the heavy tax they were forced to pay to the alien 
Church of England, their martyred ones protesting. No Presby- 
terian could be an officer in the Army or Navy or Customs; he 
could not practice in any Court of Law ; he could not be a 
member of Parliament. Nor was that the worst. What cut to 
the quick was the insult to their dearest feelings. They could 
not be married by their own ministers. Such marriage was dis- 
allowed; godly couples were dragged to Court and fined for 
"unlawful cohabitation," their precious children declared illegiti- 
mate.* Was it a wonder that from 1704 a great host set forth 
across the Atlantic and that for forty years, there was no cessa- 
tion ? "Every one who had the price of a passage came." And 
it was the grandsons of these exasperated Presbyterians who 
were the backbone of the resistance to George III in 1776: one 
of the "revenges of history." 

Even on this side there was no rest short of Virginia. For in 
Penn's much vaunted "asylum," unfriendly "Friends" soon 
passed restrictive laws against these thrifty "up-and-coming" 
folk : so they pressed on. In Albemarle Michael Woods patented 
in 1737 more than 1,300 acres on Mechum's River and Licking- 
hole (where buffalo and deer came for a salty taste), and the 
same day purchased 2,000 acres on the headwaters of Ivy 
Creek. It is believed he was the very first settler in upper 
Albemarle, finding there the virgin wilderness. He seems to have 
been a little better off than most of the refugees. He and his 
family had used their time well in Pennsylvania from their land- 
ing in 1724 until they "got away from the Quakers" in 1732. 
There are twelve deeds recorded in West Chester County, Pa., 
between those years, to and from Michael, \\^illiam and Andrew 

Tarrying only two years in Augusta County, Michael left there 
his oldest son, Richard, and his son, Samuel, and also his oldest 

*Hening's Statutes shows that even in Virginia a bill had to be passed in 1780 
legitimizing children of parents married by Dissenting Ministers. Think of a 
marriage by the hands of John Dunbar (of whom his Byrd "in-laws" were so 
ashamed) being good, and one by Samuel Davies null and void! 


daughter, Magdalena, already married before coming over to 
John McDowell. She lived to be 104 years old, a very remark- 
able woman of whom so many picturesque tales were told. 

Over and over is she mentioned in the old letters. She was 
a prime favorite with all her kindred, and had "half a hundred" 
namesakes ; there were Magdalenas in every branch of the fam- 
ily.* She is described again and again : tall and straight, handsome 
with "dazzling" white skin, big blue eyes and "long, long yellow 
hair" ; a witty tongue, great charm, a dashing determination which 
carried everything before her; a rather imperious person evi- 
dently, but very attractive and much beloved. An old letter 
speaks of her riding a famous black stallion, in a riding coat of 
"hunter's green" with gold buttons and a "bonnet of many 
plumes." Her hospitality was noted, and ministers were always 
her guests as a matter of course. Her husband, Capt. John 
M'Dowell, son of Ephraim M'Dowell, was the first commander of 
the Valley forces against the Indians, a splendid soldier, a man 
of high character and great influence. But his life was cut short. 
He had February 28, 1739, at Orange Court, qualified as to his 
settlement in Borden's Grant "that he had imported himself, his 
wife, his son Samuel, his servant, John Rutter, at his own charges 
from Great Britain in the year 1737 to dwell in this Colony, and 
that this is the first time of proving their rights in order to 
obtain land pursuant to the Royal Instructions." In December, 
1742, a party of thirty-three Delaware Indians came into the 
settlement professing friendship, and were entertained at Captain 
AI'Dowells "who treated them with whiskey." Everybody did, in 
those days. Prohibition was not even a dream of good people 
for a hundred years later; and the Whiskey Rebellion in 1794 
was supported by the best Christian people in defence of their 
rights ! Poor John M'Dowell's hospitality was fatal to him. The 
Indians became "troublesome" and he was sent, as known to be 
friendly, to "conduct them out of the settlement." As they were 
nearly beyond its bounds, a white man suspecting treachery, fired 
at an Indian. Instantly the war-whoop was raised and a sharp 
contest followed ; the Indians retreated, leaving seventeen of their 

*Scotch Presbyterians had repudiated the aspersion of the Roman Church 
and cleared the character of the "Saint." 


number and seven Virginians dead, among them alas ! Capt. 
M'Dowell, "a costly loss," says the old chronicle. 

He left three children: i. Samuel, born before coming to Vir- 
ginia, was Captain at Point Pleasant, 1774, active officer in the 
Revolution, member of Governor's Council 1781 (Test Act gone 
with British rule), one of the first judges of the Kentucky Court. 
He has a host of notable descendants. 2. James AI'Dowell had 
one son, James, Colonel in War 1812, father of Governor 
M'Dowell. 3. Martha married Col. George Moffett, who having 
gone on business in 1742 to North Carolina, never returned and 
was believed to have been killed by the Indians. After seven 
years, his death established in law; his wife, Mary Christian, 
who had seven Moffett children, married John Trimble ; one son, 
James Trimble, his son Allen Trimble, Governor of Ohio. 

Col. Moffett was Justice of the Peace, Elder in the Church, 
and one of the first trustees of Washington College, Lexington, 
now Washington and Lee University. His children were John, 
James M'D., Joseph M'D., Mrs. Gen. M'Dowell, of Kentuck}^; 
Mrs. Col. Joseph M'Dowell, of North Carolina; Mrs. Kirk, of 
Kentucky; Mrs. James Cochran, of Augusta County. The 
Charlottesville Cochrans from her. These McDowells and Mof- 
fetts were all grandchildren of Magdalena Woods M'Dowell. 

About 1745, she married Benj. Borden, Jr., of Borden's Manor, 
a man so highly esteemed in the large business affairs he had 
about his immense grant, that the saying passed current "as good 
as Ben Borden's bill." John and Magdalena M'Dowell had 
signed one of the first contracts as landholders under this grant. 
Mrs. Greenlee, John M'Dowell's sister, said that Magdalena 
"flouted" Ben Borden for years as "common" and his inferior; 
but Mrs. Greenlee was a testy old lady, somewhat given to 
"flouting" herself! Borden died of smallpox in 1753. leaving 
Magdalena a very large estate ; they had two daughters ; Martha, 
who "ran away" and married Benjamin Hawkins, and has many 
distinguished descendants. Hannah never married. 

Mrs. Greenlee is even more bitter against Magdalena's third 
husband, John Bowyer, twenty years younger than herself, a 
school teacher of good family ; there were no children. The ac- 
counts of him vary greatly. It was not a happy marriage, and 
her relatives disliked him, resenting his advantage from her for- 


tune. Mrs. Greenlee's testimony in the famous suit which fills 
two folio volumes in court records, says that Magdalena prudently 
made a marriage settlement, but that Col. Bowyer managed to 
destroy it; "laid claim to all the land, selling and giving away as 
he pleased." Her prejudice avowedly strong. On the other hand, 
the diary of Rev. Hugh M'Aden praises him. In a list of sub- 
scribers to Rev. John Brown's salary at Timber Ridge Church, 
for which the M 'Do wells had given the land, 1748, the Bowyers 
gave twice as much as others. Her brothers and sisters were 
intimate in their dealings with him. Michael Woods, Jr., her 
brother, in his will, 1776, names Col. Bowyer, his brother-in-law,, 
executor in terms of affection and confidence. 

Richard Woods, son of Michael, was one of the first settlers 
on Borden's Manor, 1737. His descendants were unknown to 
us until recently, when it is a pleasure to find cousins distin- 
guished in Church and State. A great-grandson was Rev. 
Hervey Woods; his son, Judge Thos. Hall Woods, of the Su- 
preme Court of Mississippi, who is father of Mrs. Coit, of our 
Korean Mission; his grandson. Gen. Edgar Woods, of the 
Spanish War, and another grandson, Hon. J. M. Richardson, 
editor and member of Congress from Kentucky. 

Richard had a good education and was associated with Capt. 
John M'Dowell, his brother-in-law, in the surveying. 

The History of Rockbridge County says that it is strange how 
the name of Woods, so important in the first century of its an- 
nals, seems to have disappeared. The sons of the family went 
West ; but the blood remained in the M'Dowells, Moffetts, Reids, 
Moores, Caruthers, Houstons and others, and in Prestons, Rosses 
and Whites of today! 

Richard was one of the first "Justices of the King's Peace" for 
Augusta County, October 30, 1743; was appointed High Sheriff 
of Augusta, November 16, 1757; and Augusta then ran from 
what is now Rockingham and Page to the southern border of 
the State, and west to "the utmost limits of Virginia" on the 
Mississippi River! The House of Burgesses spoke of Fort Pitt 
as in Augusta County, and there was trouble with Pennsyl- 
vania about it, until finally settled according to the Mason and 
Dixon Line, which had been run in 1767. Among Richard 
Woods' securities when sheriff were John Bowyer, his brother- 


in-law, and Samuel M'Dowell, his nephew. Of the latter he 
had been appointed guardian, with Wm. Preston and Robert 
McClanahan as his bondsmen in 1742. He was the first High 
Sheriff of Botetourt when it was formed from Augusta. Later 
when Rockbridge was formed, it left his home in the new county 
two miles south of Lexington's site. His land lay along "Woods' 
River" (now New River) and "Lapsley's Run" with Magdalena 
M'Dowell's, Peter and Martha Wallace's, Joseph and Sarah Laps- 
ley's ; so the three sisters and brother were almost in sight of each 
other about Lexington. His will dated June 2, 1777, left con- 
siderable property, land, negroes, 2,000 pounds to his wife, Janet, 
and two sons, Benjamin and Samuel, Samuel executor. 

It is almost a pity to repeat the story, though "so human" which 
Miss Betty Alexander, of Lexington, his great-greatniece, told to 
Major Varner, her cousin, in 1893, when over seventy. Her 
mother lived until after the Civil War, remembered well her 
grandmother, Magdalena Woods ; who said that she had lived a 
"short walk" (a mile or two was nothing) from her brother, Rich- 
ard, and was with him when he died ; that he said he was a wiser 
man than Solomon who questioned whether a wise man or a fool 
would come after him, for he knew that only a fool would come 
after him ! "This," he said, reported old Sister Magdalena of her 
"inlaw" — for he had in mind his wife, Janet, who was noted as a 
silly woman !" She did not "think he meant his sons." He did 
not seem to be in a very Christian frame of mind ; but he was a 
very old man, feeble and suffering, and we do not know his exas- 
perations ! 

"The Missing Ladye" 

It must have been his granddaughter who was the "Maglene 
Woods" taken captive by the Indians whose tragic story 
was so often duplicated in those terrible times. A letter from 
Thos. Dabney Woods, a very old man, to Mica j ah Woods, Au- 
gust 2, 1888, quotes from his father, Wm. Woods, the story of 
the "Missing Ladye." "My sister, Polly, and I went over to 
Rockbridge to visit our M'Dowell cousins Christmas, 1767, and 
were there when Cousin Maglene got back. We were all fiddling 
and dancing at the M'Dowells one night, when a black messenger 
came a-running and called out 'Miss Maglin' is come, Miss Maglin 


is come!" It was pitch dark and the snow knee deep; but we all 
broke for the other M'Dowells, about a mile distant, pell-mell, 
hard as we could go. In the dark Polly M'Dowell stumbled and 
fell, and all choked with snow and out of breath made no sound; 
those behind all ran over her, burying her in the snow. Pre- 
sently we reached the house and there was Maglene who had 
been dead two years and more, as all thought. After the con- 
fusions and excitement had subsided, some one said, "where's 
Polly M'Dowell!" and then one remembered she had run over 
something, did not know what it was. Just as we are going 
out the door to look for her, here she comes, all covered with 
snow; the black messenger found her. Andy said, "Polly, ain't 
you most froze?" "Froze, indeed! I never was so hot in my 
life !" And there was Maglene who had been carried off by the 
Indians and killed — alive again, all dressed in a full suit of 
Regimentals — scarlet coat, epaulettes and all. She looked fine 
and handsome, and was glad to get back ; but she was heavy- 
hearted for a girl only seventeen ; and she told her story, a very 
affecting one, burying her face in her hands as she came to parts 
of it, and we not looking at her. She had been visiting her 
cousins at Kerr's Creek that October day in 1764 and the men 
were gathering the corn — the girls helping and laughing. She 
was just fifteen, a pretty child, as we could see. A big crowd of 
Indians came shooting and howling; the men pushed the girls 
behind the piles of corn and tried to defend them ; but they were 
killed quickly, and the Indians took all the women for captives. 
Across the Ohio river they were divided, and she was given into 
the hands of the chief and suffered the horrible fate of all captive 
woman, alas ! In his way, the chief tried to be kind, but kept her 
to himself, guarding her closely when he went trading to Detroit. 
There an old squaw was to keep watch of her. But Maglene was 
seen by the English officers of the fort, and attracted by her 
beauty, they planned her escape. They arranged a sham fight 
among themselves, and the Indians delighted in the game. The 
old squaw's eyes upon it, Magdalena was spirited away to the 
fort. But her troubles were far from over. The detested 
Gen. Gage was the commander, and had no respect or regard 
for any woman. Completely in his power, she was forced into 
new depths of humiliation, alas ! alas ! How we longed to be 


at his throat, the beast! So months of distress and anguish 
passed. At the end of a year, Hfe and death having touched her 
and gone by, her desperate sadness, always wishing for death and 
tempted to kill herself, she moved again the compassion of honest 
hearts, and some of the officers again helped her escape the white 
brute as they had the Indian. She cut off her yellow curls, so 
like her namesake aunt's, stained her fair skin, and clad in an 
officer's suit from head to foot, booted and spurred, she mounted 
a fine horse, and sped away, on her long and difficult journey. 
After two months of many adventures, but meeting kindness 
by the way, she arrived alt home at Christmas 1767. Was ever 
within three years more heart-brealcing tragedy compressed?" 

She was taken back into all the tenderness her kin could 
show her: is said to have married a cousin and gone West. 
I made inquiry of all the old people about her, and some thought 
they knew. But when an old cousin wrote that she married a 
M'Dowell and lived to be 104 years old, it was evident he con- 
fused her with her namesake aunt, Magdalena Woods who was 
Mrs. M'Dowell and afterwards Borden and Bowyer. Even Mr. 
Addison Waddell thought this famous lady had been taken cap- 
tive, but corrected the statement later. 

The identity of the tragic heroine is lost, for dozens and scores 
of the family moved to Kentucky and Tennessee after the Revo- 
lutionary War. Her troubled story with its safe ending is for- 
gotten. Let us hope the remainder of her life was happy. 

By Babel's Stream 

Another sitory of captivity had for its heroine another name- 
sake of Magdalena. Her brother, Michael A\'oods, Jr., and Anne 
Lambert had a daughter, Elizabeth, married to Dalertus Shepherd, 
their daughter, Magdalena, married Thomas Gilmore and lived 
on Kerr's Creek. It may have been these cousins little "Maglene" 
was visiting. The Gilmore narrative told of the fearful days 
when the French priests displeased with the cession of Canada 
to Great Britain at Fontainebleau 1763, incited the Indians to 
attack the British settlers. Blow after blow of savage cruelty 
kept the Valley in fear. In the first "Kerr's Creek Massacre" 
Thos. Gilmore, Sr., and his wife had been killed. His son. 


Thomas, living at some distance escaped with others to Timber 
Ridge Church. But the next year, October lo, 1764, forty or fifty 
Mingoes and Delawares came suddenly. Thomas Gilmore was 
shot down, and his wife standing above his body, fought desper- 
ately to keep ofif the Indians who wished to scalp him. But she 
and her four children were taken prisoner with thirty others; 
sixty left dead. In the long hurried march to the Ohio, her 
little baby crying, was dashed by a savage against a tree, the 
little body impaled on a pole, and all the captives made to pass 
beneath it ! Across the Ohio, the captives were commanded to 
sing for their captors' sport. Broken with grief and fatigue, no 
song was possible. The Indians threatened that unless some 
one sang, all should instantly be put to death. It was then that 
the heroic courage and unselfish effort of Magdalen Gilmore rose 
to the desperate need. "She prayed to God," says the old chroni- 
cle, "to help her, not doubting Him" ; then lifting her sweet voice, 
she sang the old Psalm of their Scottish psalm-book: 

"By Babel's stream we sat and wept 
When Zion we thought on." 

Then one and another streughtened by her noble example, 
their own hearts lifted to the God who brought back even from 
Babylon His people — they joined the psalm. And the Indians, 
always admiring courage, spared them ! The next day they were 
divided among the victors, Mrs. Gilmore and her son, John, to 
one; her two daughters just in their teens to another; their heart- 
rending cries when torn from her lingered in her memory, for 
never again did she hear of them, and could only think of them 
as wives to some Indian chief, far, far away. But doubtless 
upon every remembrance of them, she commended them to "the 
God of their fathers." She was sold to French traders. Her 
son was rescued by Jacob Warwick. He had traveled to Fort 
Pitt and found the boy tied to a board and laid upon a roof, 
to prevent the teasing of mischievous Indian boys. The Indian 
foster-parent loved him, and asked an exorbitant price, so War- 
wick planned a rescue. He went on a hunting expedition with 
the Indians and would take an Indian child to "ride behind," 
each in turn, John Gilmore also. Indian suspicion lulled, he one 


day with John fell behind, and set his swift horse upon the home- 
ward journey. Some years later the mother was brought back, 
and, united, they lived at their old home. When I first read of 
her in Mr, Waddell's Annals, I said to my mother, "She must be 
Lutie's ancestor (my sister-in-law's). I wish she were kin to 
me, that splendid brave woman." Some months afterward, read- 
ing old letters loaned me by Micajah Woods, I found that she 
was indeed of my own blood. 

The Woods men seem to have taken great pride in the women 
of their family, and indeed they repaid it heartily. In these 
old letters many times are the praises repeated of Aunt Magda- 
lena Woods M'Dowell, of her niece, Mrs. Campbell, and her 
great-nieces, Mrs. Ould and Mrs. Cummings. The story of Mrs. 
M'Dowell has been fully told. Her namesake Magdalena Woods, 
daughter of her brother, Michael, Jr., married in Botetourt Wm. 
Campbell, probably a kinsman through her grandmother. "She 
(Mrs. Campbell) was a woman of high character and very bright 
mind. She talked much and clearly of family history in which 
she took great interest and pride. She was said to have known 
the whole Bible by heart, and could locate any chapiter and 
verse. She repeated many ballads of border warfare in Scot- 
land and also in Virginia extolling the brave men of her kindred. 
Some fell at Point Pleasant with "Brave Charley Lewis" and 
many in the War for Independence." Dr. John R. Woods and 
Major Varner, her great nephews, knew her well. The Lexing- 
ton Intelligencer of June 5, 1830, noted her death "May 31st, 
Mrs. Magdalen Campbell, wife of Wm. Campbell, Esq., died in 
the 76th year of her age; a resident of this county many years 
and distinguished for intelligence and piety." Her will left one- 
half to nephew, John Woods, Mercer County, Ky. ; the other 
half, shared equally by children of nieces, Margaret Gray in 
Kentucky and Magdalen Gilmore and her children. This Magda- 
len must have been granddatighter of the captive. 

Major Varner tells of his aunts, daughters of James Wallace, 
son of Col. Saml. Wallace, son of Martha Woods and Peter 
Wallace, her first cousin; Elizabeth, Mrs. Ould, of Campbell 
County, and Magdalen, wife of Rev. Parry Cummings. "They 
lived to be 87 and 81 ; very intelligent, with wonderful memories, 
in possession of full faculties to the last. Both had reached 


middle age when their parents died, that time of Hfe when 
people of respectable parentage take great interest in matters 
genealogical, especially when they come .of good folk. Mrs. 
Cummings was full of narrative of pioneer adventures, of the 
heroism and piety of the Woods, M'Dowell, Lapsley and Wallace 
men and women ; an adventurous race, of a dauntless courage and 
enterprise and of a loyal faith in God. They were noted as 
woods-craftmen, horsemen, hunters, Indian fighters, first magis- 
trates of new counties, builders of churches and Elders in the 

Mrs. Campbell was born 1755. She was grown when her 
brothers went to the war and married before her parents' death. 
"She never visited any of the kindred that she did not recount 
the glorious deeds and heroic death of these Wallace brothers," 
Adam, captain ; Andrew, captain ; James, ensign ; Hugh, captain ; 
Malcolm, captain; five sons of Martha Woods. Major Varner 
had the wills of Adam and Andrew, written in camp, said he 
"never could read them that a lump did not come in his throat." 
They mention, among other things, their horses Terror and Nim- 
rod, gold and silver buckles, a green regimental coat, a scarlet 
cloak, a Hessian sword. One old letter says the Wallaces had 
"fierce Highland blood, with its quick anger, its generous im- 
pulses; in some it was retained in resentments and narrow pre- 
judice to my day. They are generally tall and lean, angular, 
with ruddy, clean-shaven faces, blue eyes and reddish or warm 
chestnut hair inclining to curl. It is a family whose records so 
precious, so glorious are a part of the lustrous history of more 
than one American Commonwealth." Another speaks of "Antiqua 
et venerabilis Silvanorum gens" ! 

From Wm. Wallace and Hannah Woods (seven children) 
through Wm., who married Mary Pilson ; their son, Michael, 
married Lavinia Lobban ; their son, Michael Woods Wallace, 
totally blind, but a wonderful merchant, making change per- 
fectly and said to have been the best judge of a good horse in 
the county. Above all, an able, faithful Elder. His son, Clarence, 
a distinguished teacher in Nashville ; his daughter, Mrs. Wm. P. 
Buck, one of the Virginia Synodical's valued officers. 

With the family of Dr. John R. Woods, of "Holkham," we 
were always very intimate. Michael's son, Michael, Jr., married 


Anne Lambert ; their son, Wm., married Joanna Shepherd ; their 
son, Micajah, married first Lucy Walker, second Sarah Harris 
Rodes, widow of Wm. Davenport. Micajah was "Gentleman 
Justice" in Albemarle more than twenty years, Senior Justice 
and High Sheriff, very wealthy, had 100 slaves and about 2,000 
acres. His son, John Rodes, graduated in medicine at the Uni- 
versity of Virginia, but devoted himself to scientific farming, an 
authority in such matters. His wife, one of the loveliest women, 
was Sabina Lewis Stuart Creigh, who made their hospitable 
home a pleasure to us always. Their oldest son, Micajah, for 
many years Commonwealth's Attorney, handsome, courtly, the 
father of beautiful daughters, is affectionately remembered by me. 
He enthusiastically helped me in all my family researches. His 
only sister, Margaret, married Warner Wood and lives at "Farm- 
ington," one of the most famous places in Virginia with its old 
paintings and books and interesting collections. 

To follow the wanderings of the children of Michael through 
the wilderness of those early days, to tell how they helped first 
hand to build the States South and West, how they were leaders, 
first magistrates of counties and county clerks, first judges, mem- 
bers of Legislatures and United States Congress, Governors; 
how more than fifty of his grandsons and their sons were in the 
Colonial and Revolutionary Troops, twenty-five at least officers; 
how they run to hundreds in a list of the Gospel ministry — all 
this would fill volumes : behold how much is written in the 
chronicles of Dr. Neander Woods, his able and loyal great-great- 

To touch here and there, once in each generation, among many 
equally worthy, there was a son of Michael's, John Woods*, 
who in spite of being a Presbyterian, was commissioned Major 
1766 by Governor Fauquier, and Colonel 1770 by Lord Botetourt. 
A grandson, Col. Archibald Woods, sent to the Virginia Legis- 
lature when twenty-two, and the youngest member of the Vir- 
ginia Constitutional Convention, 1788; a great-grandson. Dr. 

*Col. John Woods married Susannah Anderson, whom he had known in child- 
hood; he went back to Pennsylvania and married her, perhaps when he was sent 
to the Presbytery of Donegal to beg for that scarce article, a preacher. Susan- 
nah was a preacher's daughter; her father, the Rev. James Anderson; her mother, 
Margaret M'Dowell, sister to Lydia, who married Capt. James Bryson and was 
my great-grandmother. 


Ephraim M'Dowell, the world famous surgeon ; a great-great- 
grandson, James M'Dowell, Governor of Virginia ; a great-great- 
great-grandson, Gen. Lew Wallace, author of "Ben Hur" ; a great- 
great-great-grandson, James Pleasants Woods, M. C. Va. 1922 ; a 
great-great-great-great-grandson, Robert Woods Bliss, third As- 
sistant Secretar}' of State 1922; and a host of distinguished 
preachers and missionaries found elsewhere in this record. 

Andrew Woods, your great-great-great-grandfather, son of 
Michael Woods, of "Blair Park," and Mary Campbell, was edu- 
cated for the ministry ; but a persistent throat trouble prevented 
his preaching. God seems to have said to him as to David, "It 
was well that it was in thine heart," so many of his children have 
carried out his purpose ; and better, by the way, than Solomon did 
David's. Before he was twenty he was sent to the Presbytery of 
Donegal in Pennsylvania, to beg for a minister to be sent to the 
church his father and brethren had built; but, alas! the supply 
was inadequate, and year after year the appeal was sent in vain. 
They kept up their worship and their teaching of the Bible and 
the Catechisms. It is reported of more than one of them that they 
"knew the Bible by heart, chapter and verse," and doubtless many 
of them owned, like Michael Woods, Jr., as shown by Executors' 
List, "four Bibles, four Catechisms and a Confession of Faith." 
Finally nearly all the Clan moved away from Albemarle, those left 
were discouraged and disappointed of a minister ; the Baptists 
came, less insistent upon an educated ministry, but striving to fill 
the need and preach the Gospel. They entered in and took posses- 
sion : so that "Mountain Plains" Church, built by those hands 
that loved the Church of their fathers, is today a Baptist Church ! 
and Micajah Woods' grandfather, grandson to old Michael, a 
preacher, was known as "Baptist Billy" ! 

It was in 1766 that Andrew Woods left Albemarle County. 
Exactly 100 years after, 1866, his great-grandson, my father, 
Rev. Edgar Woods, came "back" to be pastor of the Charlottes- 
ville Church. Andrew Woods "went West" to what was after- 
ward in 1772, made Botetourt County. He was one of the first 
"Gentlemen Justices of the King's Peace." George Woods had 
his commission and gave us a photograph of it. In 1777 he was 
High Sheriff, succeeding his brother, Richard, who had been 
High Sheriff also of Augusta County. Andrew Woods mar- 



ried, 1750, Martha Poage; they had six children when they went 
to Botetourt, the youngest, Archibald, my great-grandfather, two 
years old; two daughters were born there. His home in Albe- 
marle had been three miles from "Blair Park," his father's place, 
nearer than any of the children, except Wm., who lived there and 
inherited it. It was within sight of Greenwood on C. and O. R. 
R. just south of the brick mansion owned by Michael Wallace, 
grandson of old Michael Woods. 

Leaving Albemarle, Andrew sold 500 acres in one place, and 
900 in another. In Botetourt he lived about nine miles south- 
west of Buckhannon, near Mill Creek Church. The eight chil- 
dren were: i. James married Nancy Rayburn. Three of their 
sons : Joseph, Robert and James, Jr., went to Western Kentucky 
about 1800, invested in acres of timber and shipped to Europe via 
New Orleans. Removing to Nashville, they bought coal and iron 
lands and operated large iron furnaces. They also were suc- 
cessful bankers. Not many of the name are left, but most of the 
"old families" are of the Clan : Andrews, Armisteads, Austins, 
Bells, Branches, Castlemans, Fosters, Howells, Lapsleys, 
O'Bryans, Thompsons, Trabues, Washingtons. 

I remember hearing Dr. John R. Woods, of "Holkham," tell 
of his visit to "Westwood," which he described as "palatial," 
and was enthusiastic about the handsome men and beautiful 
daughters of the family. 

Robert Woods, his host, had married Sarah West, of Lexing- 
ton, Ky., daughter of Edward West, "who first applied steam 
to boats," and sister to Wm. E. West, the noted artist. Of their 
seven children, Josephine, a great belle, a fine musician, married 
John Branch, son of the Governor of North Carolina (five 

Robina married Wm. Blair Armistead ; four sons and two 
daughters: i. Robert married Nannie Minor Meriwether 
Humphreys, an interesting name to a Virginian's ear; six chil- 
dren ; Carl married his cousin, Jane Foster ; Ellen married Rev. 
Henry Searight; Nancy Minor married Dr. Ellis S. Allen, a 
noted surgeon — a son, ElHs S., Jr.; Rev. West Humphreys was 
chaplain at the front in the World War ; Wm. C. married Anne 


2. Julia married Mayor Thos. M. Andrews ; three sons "fine 
in war and peace," and a daughter. 

3. Mary married James W. Hughes; three children. 

4. James Woods married Kate Washington. 
These are all Armisteads. 

II. James, Jr., of the "three brothers," married Elizabeth Kay ; 
they had eight children, of whom Robert Kay married Susan 
Berry and moved to St. Louis; their daughter, Susan, married 
Given Campbell ; her son, a distinguished physician ; Margaret 
married Moses Greenwood and Anne Lee married Wm. Henry 
Bliss ; their son, Robert Woods Bliss, now third Assistant Secre- 
tary of State. Anne, daughter of James, Jr., and Eliz. Kay, mar- 
ried R. B. Castleman, and her daughter, Eliz., married Francis 
Porterfield. Andrew, the good old name, married Love Wash- 
ington : Eliz. m. Saml., Kirkman and Susan m. G. G. O'Bryan. 

Margaret, daughter of James Woods and Nancy Rayburn, 
sister to the "three brothers," married John Moore Walker (eight 
children) ; their daughter, Catherine Rutherford, descendant of 
the "saintly Samuel" and of Joseph Alleine, married her cousin, 
Rev. Robert A. Lapsley ; from them a notable group of ministers 
and of "women who minister," including Samuel Norvell Lapsley, 
who with Wm. Sheppard, his faithful colored comrade, founded 
our African Mission on the Kongo in 1893. From Mrs. R. A. 
Lapsley's brother, Robert, comes Mary Walker, wife of Alfred 
D. Mason, and her sister, Elizabeth, wife of Rev. Dr. John S. 
Nisbet, of Korea. 

III. Agnes Green, another sister to the "three brothers," mar- 
ried Charles Clay Trabue, a descendant of the Anthony Trabue, 
who came to "Manakin Towne" 1701 with Bartholemi Dupuy, 
of the story as told in the Sampson chapter, and whose son mar- 
ried Bartholemi's daughter, Olympe. Their son, Daniel, wrote 
an account (published in Va. Hist. Soc. papers) of the escape 
from France in 1687. Anthony had a considerable estate, but 
counted freedom to worship God more precious. He and a 
friend, both young men, took a cart and loaded it with wine, then 
went to sell it to the farthermost guard : when night came left 
their horses and cart, made their escape to an English ship, and 
so to England's blessed freedom: whence after fifteen years to 


Virginia. These Trabues have intermarried with your other 
kindred several times. 

2. EHzabeth, dau. Andrew Woods and Margaret Poage, 
married David Cloyd — Cloyds, Houstons, McGavocks, M'Ewens, 
TrevilHans. Of these was Rev. Dr. Houston, our beloved 
* "Cousin Hale," one of our first missionaries to China, then 
Secretary of Foreign Missions, and again returning to China — 
also, his namesake nephew, Professor in Washington and Lee 
University, whom you remember as teacher at Pantops. 3. Re- 
becca married Isaac Kelly, Wheeling; her daughter, Martha, 
married Alex. Mitchell; her daughter, Nancy, Zechariah Jacob; 
her daughter, Martha, married Dr. S. W. M'lllhenny, son 
of the noble old pioneer minister, the beloved "Parson" 
MTlhenny. Three daughters. Anne married A. J. Clark, of 
Wheeling; she is the active supporter of every good work. Susan 
married John T. Price, son of Governor Price, dying young left 
a daughter, Janie, who married John C. Dice, and who has 
been my beloved friend and loyal co-worker in more than 
one undertaking, including this. Rebecca married Heber K. 
Withrow ; they were our kind hosts when Father and T went 
to the Virginia Synod at Lewisburg, just before it was divided, 
and Father had such great pleasure in meeting old Mrs. Mont- 
gomery and these other kin. 4. Robert Woods married Lovely 
Caldwell; from them Eoffs, Tallants, Coxes, Yarualls. 5. An- 
drew, Jr., married Mary Mitchell M'Cullough : Hoges, Nails, 
Baldwins and my father's dear "double cousins." 6. Archibald 
married Anne Poage, my great-grandparents. 7. Mar>' married 
James Poage, her cousin — Tylers, de Veres, Williamsons, a host 
of others. 8. Martha married Henry Walker, Elmores, Ballards, 
Harvey s, another host ! Are they not all written in "One Branch 
of the Woodses" by my dear father? 

My father's beloved "double cousins" were the eight sons of 
Andrew Woods III and beautiful Rebecca Bryson, my grand- 
mother Woods' sister, who used to say that her sons were so 
lovely and helpful to her that she never missed a daughter ! 
Cousin Bryson, the eldest, was a notable citizen of New Orleans 
for sixty-odd years, living to the age of ninety-four — very suc- 

*I used to tell him that only Virginians of Scotch blood could call our 
relationship "cousin." 


cessful in the shipping and steamboat business, acquired the title 
of "Captain" from being "big boss" of so many steamboat cap- 
tains. Still better, he was the honored Elder of the First Church 
for more than fifty years. Your father and I had a delightful 
visit in his home in 1887, and I again in 1905. You remember 
Edgar, Father's namesake, and the three dear sisters who visited 
us. Oliver and John we never knew. Luther married Molly 
Neel, who died lamented, leaving a son and her daughter, Betty, 
who is the wife of Rev. John Young; her son, Alfred, first 
lieutenant in the 112th Infantry, was the first American officer 
wounded at Chateau-Thierry; afterward captured and four 
months prisoner in Germany ; his brother, John, with the McGill 
University, Canadian battery, in all its battles, badly gassed. 
Mrs. Neel, as well as Molly, beloved of all our family, was a re- 
markable character and full of anecdote. When Henry Clay's 
election to the Presidency was uncertain for weeks — no tele- 
graph then — and he did get the popular vote — she fell actually ill 
of suspense. Every day her physician, our kinsman, Dr. Hous- 
ton, would come in with the latest news, until at last his gloomy 
face told the tale. 'Tt is all over, doctor?" "Yes, all over, no 
hope." And then, she said, telling me of it — "I turned my face 
to the wall and wished that I might die." To our old-line Whigs — 
as we all were — it was the deluge ! Imagine any of us now caring 
to the point of dying for any election, even Woodrow Wilson's ! 
Archie achieved in St. Louis the same successes in church 
and business as Cousin Bryson's in New Orleans. You may 
remember his lovely daughters and their visit to us with the little 
nephew who is now a missionary to Persia, Albert Edwards. 
Another brother lived in New Orleans, Alfred. When we were 
there they had scarlet fever in the family, and we stopped at the 
curb to "visit," he standing in his hospitable door, handsome and 
jolly. They were all handsome, the sons of Rebecca of the lovely 
dark eyes. Henry was Professor in Washington and Jefferson 
College for forty years, during which he supplied a church some 
miles in the country. Finally he received the Carnegie retirement ; 
and, after baptizing and marrying and burying his people for four 
decades, they formally called him, free, to be their pastor! I 
believe this instance to be quite unique. His daughter, Mrs, 
Hamilton, is a notable missionary in China, and her daughter 


was also, now the wife of Norwood F. Allman, Vice-Consul, 
U. S. A., at much discussed Tsing-tau. 

And Cousin Frank, you know, with his beautiful white head 
and classic features, the pastor for fifty years at Martinsburg, 
\Y. Va. He married Julia, one of the "brilliant Junkins" — a 
family of college professors and profound divines, of poets and 
missionaries. David, D. D., and Seminary director with his 
father. Dr. Moore told me it was the only case of father and 
son on the Board together, though often in succession. When 
David returned from his first year of study at the Seminary, his 
father asked him to preach. A dear old lady rejoiced in both 
sermons "as good as his father's nearly" ; but when wearied he 
sought to refresh himself by standing upon his hands with feet 
straight up in the air, and so walking up the long walk from 
his father's gate to the door in the moonlight, the good old mother 
in Israel was terribly shocked, and never could understand how 
anybody that could preach two such sermons, could do a circus 
trick like that Sunday night ! That "stunt" was the delight of 
your childhood at "Pantops," and his "hmberness" and athletic 
strength gave him great power with the students of the V. P. I. 
when pastor for years at Blacksburg. It was told of him (though 
he said it was not exactly so) that invited on first going there to 
the Y. M. C. A., some boys at the rear were giggling and noisy. 
David first made some general remarks about reverence: no 
effect. Then he politely requested those who did not wish to 
worship, to leave the room to those who did : no effect. Then, 
the story went, he gave out a hymn and while it was being sung, 
walked quietly back, took the chief offender by convenient parts 
of his garments and "threw him across the street." "Well, not 
exactly!" His muscular Christianity had order after that, and 
he was always referee and umpire for their games. His brother, 
Mitchell, studied law at Washington and Lee, where Andrew also 
graduated, and he practiced for a time some distance from home, 
returning to a partnership with Senator Faulkner. When he had 
been at home a month, his mother told me, he handed her a roll 
of bills. "What's this?" "My board." "Nonsense, you don't 
pay board in your father's house." "Well, for four years I have 
paid a man I didn't Uke, I reckon I'm surely going to pay my own 
father." They were all that independent sort, making their own 


way through college. Andrew, after teaching at Mercer Col- 
lege, won a Fellowship with four years at University of Pennsyl- 
vania, where he distinguished himself in every way, before going 
as a medical missionary. He married Fanny Sinclair, sister to 
Elsie, wife of Dr. Van Renssalaer Hodge; the year before, in 
the Boxer rising both had been burned alive at Pao-ting-fu. 
People wondered at Mrs. Sinclair's saintly calm and confidence 
in giving at once another daughter to China. 


Two years old when the old home in Albemarle was left, and 
the new in Botetourt established, born November 14, 1764, Archi- 
bald whose name came with Mary Campbell's blood, was ii 
years old when the Revolutionary War began. Botetourt troops 
were full of his kinsmen, Campbells, BrecRinredges, Poages, 
Al'Dowells, Lapsleys, Shepherds, Lamberts, Wallaces. A tall, 
black-eyed, eager boy he was "sure he was old enough to go, he 
could beat a drum." But mother Martha held him back until Janu- 
ary, 1781, when he was 16. Then in that terrible winter when 
Washington, worn out by "slackers," declared that if all others 
failed, he would take his stand in Augusta County by the Blue 
Ridge with that staunch and strenuous race to which Archie 
belonged^ — at last his brave mother commended him to the God 
of his fathers and let him go. He was made sergeant in Capt. 
John Cartmell's Company, to his great delight. They marched 
away, their horses floundering in snow and mire, to North Caro- 
lina, where, under Col. Otho Williams, they were matched against 
the trained troops of Tarleton and Cornwallis, and had hard ser- 
vice. Then transferred to Gen. Wayne's command, under La- 
fayette, they were present at "the curious engagement at James- 
town in July" when Cornwallis drew near with his army, and 
Lafayette attacked him, being informed he had only a small 
force; discovering the error, he withdrew, and Cornwallis for 
some unknown reason departed without further fight! Later 
Gen. Wm. Campbell, his kinsman, took command. The same 
"fatal illness bred of miasma" which ended Gen. Campbell's noble 
Hfe, nearly carried off young Sergeant Woods. He was taken 
home helpless to his mother, and for a time she despaired of his 
life. In this way he missed the surrender at Yorktown, to his life- 


long regret. After a horseback journey to Kentucky for his 
heahh, he removed to Ohio County, Va., which sent him in 1787, 
when only twenty-two, to Richmond as their representative in the 
House of Delegates. The next year he was the youngest member 
of the great Convention to vote upon the Federal Constitution. 

He was a magistrate from 1782 until his death in 1846; for 
long years Presiding Justice of the Court. He was commissioned 
Colonel of the Fourth Virginia Regiment, Tenth Brigade, Third 
Division, December 5, 1809; resigning his Colonelcy in 1816, he 
said that he had then been for thirty-six years in "actual mili- 
tary service for his country." 

His activity in all public affairs was incessant. The chief need 
of the country was transportation, and he was constant in efforts 
for a great highway to Washington and to the West, and for the 
accomplishment of the long-discussed Kanawha Canal which was 
to unite the James and the Ohio! One of the founders of the 
first bank in all that region, the Northwestern Bank of Virginia, 
famous in the Great Panic as one of the few in the country which 
did not suspend payment, he was its president at that time and 
until his death. He had a voluminous correspondence with all 
the chief men of the day, and left hundreds of letters from them 
with copies in his hand of all his replies ! These are still at 
"Woodsdale," his old home. George Woods sent them to my 
father, chests and barrels of them, which he examined and re- 
turned; among them he found letters from Col. Samuel Reed, 
my mother's grandfather, a lawyer likewise, and equally interested 
in that great highway. By patent and purchase he acquired an 
immense landed estate, and is said to have owned 60,000 acres; 
much of it, long a wilderness, is now the richest coal and oil 
lands of West Virginia, enough to make every one of his de- 
scendants a millionaire ! A group of gentlemen once on the street 
in Wheeling were discussing the probability of the moon being 
inhabited: "I am sure it is not,'' said one, "or Colonel Archie here 
would have a quarter section !" 

Like the men of his race, he was tall and of a spare figure. 
The fair Campbell blood with its blue eyes, did not show in him; 
he "harked back" to his forefather Michel and the dark-eyed 
strain of Poitou. My father said, "His face was strong and 
calm, his eyes very dark and bright, his hair dark brown worn in 


quaint fashion, brushed straight back from his face, and tied 
in a queue with a ribbon behind. His portraits never did him 
justice. The one painted for the Bank gives the impression of 
a short man of a squat figure; he was just the opposite, tall and 
stately. The other portrait, of which we have the photograph, 
like that of his wife, was painted the winter after so many of 
the children had died, and is too sombre, in him hard and stern." 
Artists were rare in the "West" and none too expert. 

He married his first cousin, Anne Poage, a great beauty. She 
lived to be 90, and within a year of her death, her complexion was 
like "peaches and cream," a lovely old lady. She was palsied 
the last year and tremulous. Phebe Paull and I, babies, her 
great-grandchildren, were taken to see her, and both of us fright- 
ened, cried out. It hurt the old lady very much. She said, "I 
am grown so ugly that my own children are afraid of me." But 
there had been nothing "ugly" about the rosy, black-eyed girl 
Archie's mother, after a visit to her kin "back" in the Valley, 
brought out for a visit from which Anne never went back to live. 
Martha's purpose was evidently like Isaac's when he sent Eleazar 
to Padan Aram. Our Scots forebears had a great opinion of 
"suitable" marriages with "kent folk" ; one old letter already 
mentioned speaks of a man who had married "a godless girl of 
common stock one of the heathen hereabout." So Mother Martha 
provided a proper wife for her youngest favorite son, just 23 
years old. The day they became engaged — and Archie lost no 
time, with Anne's winsome charms in view — they had been rid- 
ing horseback; reaching home, they got down by the beautiful 
big spring (with the old spring house over it today in the middle 
of Woodsdale suburb) and quaffing its cool water, Anne smiling 
planted her willow switch on one side of the spring branch, and 
Archie (no doubt with equal smiles, though only her dimples 
were mentioned) planted his on the other. Both grew — they are 
still growing ! In my childhood the story was told me and Great- 
grandmother's tree and Great-grandfather's tree shown me — big 
and fine. Greatgrandmother's was struck by lightning some years 
ago, but put up from the roots. Young trees, descendants of both, 
sent me by George Woods, are now growing at 3505 Brook Road, 
my present home, Richmond. 

The marriage so satisfactory to the family, was not approved 


by everybody. Mrs. Dr. Grinnan sent me a copy of a letter 
written by her great-grandfather and the great-great-grandfather 
of John Stewart Bryan, my opposite neighbor, in which he laments 
the wedding of "lovely Anne Poage" to "a big grave, homely man 
like Mr. Woods." My father resented such an aspersion upon 
his grandfather's comeliness, declaring the green-eyed monster re- 
sponsible. Andther old letter from James M'Pheeters, March 
26, 1789, to a friend, says, "You must not be surprised when I 
tell you Miss Anny Poage is married to Mr. Woods, the delegate 
from Wheeling. He is nearly double her age and she barely 
fifteen, they say, which I can credit. (He was just 23.) He is 
very tall and dark. There is one thing I wish you would try to 
solve: How comes it to pass that the handsomest women get 
the homeliest men? Perhaps riches entice them. It is likely in 
this case. He is very rich, and money is very scarce at present !" 
The animus of this is evident ! Among the letters preserved are 
some from Archie to his wife while he was on public service in 
Richmond: brief and to the point. In one he tells of sending 
"by a sure hand" the "osnaburgs" and "sattin" with others things 
she had desired : "I send the red shoes Betsy asked for and lest 
Polly cry, I send a pair for her also, and the shoes and slippers 
for thyself." He also sends "barley sugar" — the Huyler of the 
day — for "the bairns." She went once, as Martha had done 
before her, to visit the kin in Augusta County, the sister who had 
married Parson Wilson, of the Old Stone Church. Another sis- 
ter was there, Mrs. Thos. W^ilson, from Morgantown. She writes 
Archibald : "Alary hath had three letters from Thomas, and I 
but one from thee. The time is long." The pathos of it always 
touches my heart ; yet I make the excuse for Archie that he was 
very busy with the country's affairs in Richmond, and "Thomas," 
a man of perhaps more abundant leisure. After this remark 
about Thomas, it is only fair to give the record of his pubHc 
service, which I found later. He was also member of the Vir- 
ginia Legislature, was member of Congress 181 1. His son, 
Edgar Campbell Wilson, M. C. 1832; his grandson, Eugene, 
M. C. 1868; Eugenius, another son of Thomas, was member of 
Virginia Convention 1829-30, and Alpheus Poage Wilson in the 
Virginia Senate. All these Robert Poage's descendants. 


Archibald and Anne had twelve children : 

1. Elizabeth, "Betsy," m. George Paull; three children: Rev. 
Alfred, Judge James and Archibald Woods, who died young. 
Cousin Alfred married Mary Weed, who, with her parents and 
her sister, "Aunt Sarah," were the best beloved friends of my 
father and mother. Dr. Weed, his dear pastor, honored as coun- 
sellor in father's early ministry. As you know, no kin are nearer 
and dearer tilian these, i. Anne, the oldest daughter, married 
Samuel Palmer, her home so hospitable to us, its memory precious, 
and all her loving kindness to my mother, as her mother's was also. 
She is still beautiful and charming in advanced years, as you both 
have lately reported; her two sons, Alfred Paull Palmer, suc- 
cessful in the shipping business ; and Samuel Merwin, who is an 
artist, "with all the good gifts the fairies give," was very active 
in Y. M. C. A. in the A\'orld War. Alfred married Elizabeth 
Ashmore and has one son, WilHam, now in Princeton. Sam 
married Emma Francis French. 

2. Phebe Paull married Edward Hanckel, son of the Episcopal 
rector at Charlottesville, whom she met at our house. She died 
after two very happy years at her home, "Ivy Cottage," in Albe- 
marle, and her little daughter did not long survive her. Her hus- 
band married again after several years and left three children. 

3. George married Minnie Kinney, a well-known writer ; he 
was pastor first at Bloomfield, N. J., and afterwards until his 
death at Upper Montclair; his second wife was Elizabeth Pol- 
hemus Sutphen, very lovely and beloved by the family. 

4. Punnette married Dr. AA'illard Wayland Hayden, of Boston. 
Her one son, Paull, you know as the delightful comrade and 
brilliant writer. She herself, though an invalid, always bright and 
sweet, a woman of rare gifts. 

And Mary — and Richard M'Kinley, her "good man," what 
words can tell what they have been and are to us all ? Their 
home always open, their hearts so loving, the bonds of kindred 
"doubled and twisted" by close association and a thousand never 
forgetting lovingkindnesses. You know what it meant to you 
both in your school and college days at Bryn Mawr, as well as to 
me in many years. Richard as well as Mary, seems as much 
kin as she: no welcome ever surpassed his. We are all proud 
of his reaching the Vice-Presidency of his Bank, the Bank of 


North America, Philadelphia, the oldest bank in this country, to 
which he came by unbroken progress from the beginning of its 
service, entered at 16 when leaving high school. He is an Elder 
in the church, active in Sunday school, and every good work 
of the community, as she is also. Their two sons are Rowland 
Paull, a lieutenant in the World War, Merle's chum from child- 
hood, and Richard, Jr. 

2. Judge James Paull married first Jane Fry ; their three sons : 
Archibald, Joseph Fry and Alfred. About the time we left 
Wheeling Cousin James married the second time Eliza Jane, the 
daughter of Mr. Saml. Ott, my father's Elder in the little church 
in South Wheeling, and his trusted friend. There were five 
children of the second marriage. All these Wheeling Paulls and 
their children are substantial and important citizens, most of them 
dwelling in Woodsdale, the suburb formed from the old home- 

II. Thomas Woods, my grandfather, was a banker with his 
father; was often away on business for the bank, and on one 
of these journeys to New Orleans, died and was buried there 
among strangers, when my father was only four. Years after my 
father searched out his grave; there was none of the family at 
the time who could do it. His old father had erected a handsome 
monument to his memory in the burying ground at the Old Stone 
Church, twelve miles from Wheeling, where so many of the 
family rest. I remember in the spring of 1863 my father taking 
us all out there when he went to have the family lot cleared up. 
It had been overgrown with brambles and briars, and my father 
and mother carefully kept us children back, until the two negro 
men he had employed had cut down and cleared away the 
luxuriant wild growth, including poison oak, of which I heard 
then for the first time. Burials are no longer allowed in this 
ancient cemetery, my grandmother being the last of us, interred 
there; but the families represented in that city of the dead, 
formed some years ago an association with a permanent endow- 
ment for perpetual care; so that my father's filial and reverent 
devotion is fully satisfied in its being now a place of beautiful 
and exquisite order, 

Thomas married Mary Bryson; their six children were: Anne 
Eliza, Sarah, Theodore, Archibald, John Henry McKee, Lydia. 


Anne Eliza married James Suydam Polhemus, of an old New 
York family ; the whole connection almost worshipped her as one 
of the perfect people; her beauty, her goodness, her accomplish- 
ments were unfortunately the bane of my childhood, as I was 
named for her, and she was held up to me as a model ; to my 
despair, from the time her first bit of sewing, preserved by my 
grandmother, with its pretty little stitches was shown me about 
five years old, struggling with my first botching efiforts ; it was 
intended for encouragement ; it had quite the opposite eflfect. 
Every mention of her wrought in me a deep humility, not to say 
humiliation. She and her husband had a beautiful home on 
Long Island, where she was surrounded with every thing that 
money and devotion could suggest; but it was all of no avail 
to keep her, and the dreaded "decline" carried her away the year 
before my birth, leaving only a tender memory. 

Sarah had a tragic end. The children's nurse was a great fa- 
vorite with their mother, and Grandmother would believe nothing 
against her, thinking their relatives' warnings were prejudice, 
when they thought her crazy. My aunt, the wife of Uncle James 
Baker, then Lizzie Forsyth, told me she saw Sarah on a beautiful 
Sunday morning in May, standing at the door of her home wait- 
ing for her mother to go to church ; a lovely child of seven, with 
long fair curls, wearing a white dress and broad white hat with 
blue ribbons and sash, and smoothing her long white "mitts" with 
a child's delight, a bonny sight. Five minutes later, she was burned 
to death, found by the fireplace of the dining-room in flames; 
many believed it the work of the old trusted servant. But it was 
not until the sudden death of baby Archie shortly after that the 
old woman was removed from the household. 

Theodore grew to manhood, he and my father very devoted to 
each other. But the "dread disease" appeared. The two brothers 
took the long journey on horseback to visit the kin in Eastern 
Virginia, hoping it would restore health and strength. It was on 
this journey that they visited Weyer's Cave, as you have heard, 
and inscribed their names and the date. 

Some twenty-odd years later. Father with my two older broth- 
ers, on a walking tour, were viewing the cave. Sam and Henry 
seized with desire to leave their names in the depths of the earth, 
were restrained by Father's "Come, boys, you know about fool's 


names." "But, Father, you wrote your name, didn't you, when 
you were a boy?" "Oh, no, I did no such foohsh thing." Just 
then — wonder of wonders — amid those thousand names, Henry's 
candlehght (no electric then) fell on two names. "But, Father, 
look!" Theodore Woods, Edgar Woods, Wheeling, Virginia, 
and the date. It was a great joke on the dear old gentleman. 
The brothers' long-ago journey back to Wheeling ended, and a 
few months later Theodore died — January 2y, 1851. 

John Henry M'Kee Woods was born while the family were 
living in Pittsburg, close to the McKees, Mrs. McKee being 
grandmother's sister, Sarah. She had had several children who 
had died at birth. A few days after this youngest Woods named 
for the uncle was born. Aunt Sarah had a little baby who died 
after a few hours. Their doctor, a dear family friend, feared to 
tell her of the child's death, as she was desperately ill ; he there- 
fore begged my grandmother to let him put her little baby in 
place of her sister's, and to save the sister's life, thinking it 
was only for a few days, she consented. But the convalescence 
was long and slow, and by the time Aunt Sarah was well enough 
to be told, she could not give him up. She urged that grand- 
mother had other children, she none ; that they all lived together, 
and indeed after my grandfather's death following within two 
years, they did. Finally he was legally adopted, giving up the 
Woods name. 

In Grandmother's later years, the McKees long dead, she lived 
with Uncle Henry. After her death, in ill health, he gave up his 
large business and retired to a farm near Shelbina, Missouri; 
there he married and had two daughters, Mary and Anne M'Kee. 
Mary married Mr. Hunt and has a handsome home near the 
point where New York, Massachusetts and Connecticut meet. 
Anne became an accomplished teacher, a fine linguist, and married 
Signor Tasquier; lives in Rome. Uncle Henry wrote me not long 
before his death, asking me to take charge of the little girls' 
education; but there was no convenient arrangement possible, 
and they went with their mother to Washington, Pa., where 
Cousin Henry Woods' family knew them well. He was then 
professor in the college. 

III. Martha Woods, third child of Archibald and Anne, mar- 
ried Charles D. Knox and had three sons, FrankHn, Stewart, 


Robert. These moved to Columbus, Ohio. I remember Aunt 
Knox and her big old house high on Main Street, Wheeling, with 
its terraced garden behind and the big river view. The gloom 
of the house was intensified for me by the impression made by 
the funeral of Uncle Knox ; the hall was papered with one of 
those tapestries with a "continued story," and such papering al- 
ways has been associated in my mind with the odour of death 
mingled with that of parched coffee ; for years I could not bear 
burnt coffee fragrance. The old lady was always kind when we 
went there, and gave us delicious cakes in her back parlor where 
the sun shone on the river; but we children were always glad to 
get away. I know now that I am old, that it is hard on little 
children to be with sick old folk, though, my grandchildren are 
mighty sweet and friendly to me; and, of course, we were only 
great-niece and nephews to Aunt Knox. 

IV. Franklin died young at sea while on a voyage for his 

V. Anne at i6, also died of the same tragic "trouble." 

VI. Mary married Eugenius Wilson, of Morgan town, her first 
cousin; her two children were Fanny and Anne. Anne married 
her cousin, John J. Hoge. She died at the birth of her one child, 
Eugene, and Cousin Fanny took devoted charge of him. Carry- 
ing him in her arms down the stairs one day, she tripped and fell 
headlong ; in her effort to shield the baby from harm, she wrench- 
ed her back with serious injury from which she never recovered. 
In 1864 she came to live with us, Eugene going to his father, 
who had married again. For seven years she had the devoted 
care of my mother and father. She was a great sufferer, and we 
grew up with caution about not disturbing Cousin Fanny. She 
died suddenly at Lancaster, Pa., where my mother had taken her 
to the famous surgeon, Dr. Atlee, for an operation, which was 
found impossible ; my poor mother there alone with her. 

VII. George Washington, born blind, or rather with very im- 
perfect sight, married Mary Cresap ; no children. 

IX. John, also blind, married Ruth Jacobs ; had six children : 
Archibald, Joseph, George W., Hamilton, Anne, Martha. Of 
these, Joe and George were my dear friends, and used to visit us. 
Joe was a brilliant fellow at Princeton and in his law practice; 
was in the \\'est Mrginia Senate for years. He was engaged to 



a beautiful girl, who jilted him just before their wedding day. 
Unfortunately, he let it ruin his life, and died within a year 
or two. Once on a visit to us, he asked me to let his lovely 
sister, Annie, then about fifteen come to us for me to teach her. 
But her health was failing then, and she "faded away" like so 
many of them; her sister, Martha, following the same sad way, 
and later Hamilton also. Archie married his cousin, Rebecca 
Jacobs, and left three daughters, Ruth-Anne, Martha and Re- 
becca. George, always so dear and affectionate to us, married 
Jane Pryor, lovely and beloved. Their only child died at birth. 
Their visits to us, always such a pleasure, their deep interest in 
you children and your education, their generous gifts, their home 
to which they brought us for delightful visits, can never be for- 
gotten. George suffered many years from a cancer on his face, 
for which he enlisted every remedy, including the new X-ray 
and radium, all to no avail except to defer the long torture. The 
joy and solace of his life, his wife, his darling from his child- 
hood, with whom his married life was so blessed and happy, was 
taken from him nearly two years before the end of his agony 
xame — by a short three days of appendicitis with its unavailing 
operation. His large property which he had greatly increased 
from the original value of "Woodsdale," he left to Archie's 
three daughters. 

Three other children of Col. Archibald and Anne, Emily, Wil- 
liam the second, and Hamilton died of that same "decline" just 
as they grew up. It was when their parents were worn with 
anxiety and grief that the portraits at "Woodsdale" were painted. 
The tubercular "trouble" so fatal to their children some people 
thought was due to their being first cousins. The tendency 
:seemed to descend to the next generation. Franklin Knox, Anne 
Wilson Hoge, all of Uncle John's children but one, my father's 
.sister and brother, all were swept away by the same dread disease 
My mother was anxious for my father, but no trace of the 
trouble ever appeared in him, or in any of us. 

"Woodsdale," the old home, is now the most beautiful suburb 
of Wheeling, full of handsome homes; the sale of the sites for 
these made weahhy Uncle John's family; it was left to him be- 
cause of his total blindness. 

My mother always felt little kindness to Col. Woods because she 


felt he treated my father ill ; he was much blamed by people in 
Wheeling. Father was his favorite and was made executor of 
his will ; he was given every opportunity for his education, and 
gave great satisfaction when he studied law and practiced suc- 
cessfully. Col. Woods believed he would rise to political dis- 
tinction, and it was bitter disappointment when he followed his 
conscience and studied for the ministry. It is interesting that 
both your grandfathers gave up much, to preach the Gospel. 
Father had the bulk of the estate under the old will ; the second 
continued him executor, but gave him only a small share. 

Father was born in Wheeling, December 12, 1827. His father 
died when he was four. For some years they lived in Pittsburg. 
At the time of his sister's marriage, they made a memorable 
journey to Missouri. The bride and groom in their carriage, 
the M'Kees, the Thomas Woodses, the Andrew Woodses in theirs, 
wagons with baggage, a cavalcade, the boys riding horseback part 
of the time, then exchanging to the carriage ; some twenty people 
in all, through the sparsely settled country, long miles of forest in 
Ohio, Indiana, Illinois. It was at this time that the "famous" 
fast day occurred, when the youthful Edgar was said to have 
eaten for supper as many eggs as he was years old and then 
rolled under the table sound asleep ! Mr. and Mrs. Polhemus 
returned, but the others remained for a year or two. Father, at 
twelve, entering Marion College with his brothers, his cousin 
Bryson Woods and the other sons of his aunt Rebecca, of whom 
there were eight. In 1840 his mother brought her three sons to 
Washington College, where father graduated at 16. Then he 
went to the University of New York. After practicing law for 
two years, he went to Princeton Seminary. 

My brothers used to delight in various tales of him as a lively 
boy. He loved to go out from his home in Wheeling to his 
grandfather's "Woodsdale" in vacations and week-ends and never 
forgot the stewed chicken with cream gravy and the feather-light 
waffles they had always for Sunday breakfast. The boys chuckled 
to think of my dignified father in such an adventure as harpooning 
a fine little pig with a pitchfork when playing a whaling voyage; 
or when he teased the dairymaid, and the old darkey locked him 
up in the spring house, with its crocks of milk in the flowing 
water, and he regaled himself taking off the cream! So when 


his sons found his expense account at Princeton they undertook 
to tease him about his "extravagance," and the inordinate amount 
of peaches he bought ; until finally Mother, unwilling he should 
be thought self-indulgent, explained that many of the students 
being poorer than himself, he opened all those peach-baskets for 
them ! It was characteristic of him to do good and say nothing 
about it; he would never have explained even to his own sons. 
He had to leave Princeton without graduating, because of his 
brother Theodore's death, and almost immediately his grand- 
father's. Executor of both, it took much time, as there were 
many debtors, and much scattered and various property. S*"* 
when his old pastor wanted him to take a little mission church 
in South Wheeling, he having met my mother, w^anted to get 
settled. When the Presbytery was to meet someone wrote to 
old Dr. Archibald Alexander, and he replied they might "proceed 
to ordain Mr. Woods with full confidence as he knew more when 
he came to Princeton than most of them did when they left" ! 

His first church was a mission from the old First in Wheeling, 
in which he was born. When the Second had been formed he 
and his mother went with it, and at 21 he had been made an 
Elder. The pastor was his beloved friend. Dr. Cyrus Dickson, 
with whose family we have always had the warmest friendship. 
The fine Leavens girls who visited us were granddaughters ; Delia, 
and the only son, Dickson Leavens, missionaries. 

A story my grandmother used to tell on herself, anent 
self-knowledge. The membership of the new Second Church 
was small, and when they decided to build, it was dif- 
ficult to raise the money. My father was just beginning 
his law practice, and was not wealthy. Returning from a meeting 
to consider the building and much stirred in heart, she went to 
her room to pray that "God would open the hearts of His people 
to give." Presently Father came in. "Edgar, have you made 
your subscription to the new church?" "Yes, mother." "How 
much," "A thousand dollars." "Mercy, Edgar, you can't af- 
ford that" ! 

The winter before, my mother had gone with her mother from 
her home in Martinsburg to visit her brother, James Reed Baker, 
a man of large and successful business. The Wheeling of that 
day was the home of great and instant hospitality and my uncle 


was popular. Mother used to tell how within forty-eight hours 
of their coming, nearly a hundred people had called, and they 
had twenty-five invitations. People took time to be friendly, and 
it was a gay and charming society, in which conversation was a 
pleasure ; dancing was only occasional, and cards rather under 
ban, associated with the gambling houses on the river shore, and 
the flashy professionals of the boats to New Orleans. It was 
some days before she and my father met, as he was absent when 
she arrived. Everywhere she had heard of him, and nothing 
but good: "nobody seemed so wise, so good, so charming." When 
they met, the attraction was mutual from the first, and through 
fifty-six eventful years, it never waned ; they were lovers to the 
end. My mother was greatly admired and more than half a dozen 
suitors, in spite of her gentle discouragement, urged their ardent 
courtship. One of the most devoted, however, accepted his dis- 
missal, and going on business to the "old country" married and 
reached WheeHng with his bride the same day father and mother 
arrived there. The wedding day was September 7, 1853. They 
lived at the hotel for a few months until their house was ready. 

A tale of these days we children used to enjoy, was of a 
great wedding feast of the old-fashioned kind. The beautiful 
table had a large epergne in the middle with glasses of jelly, 
fruit etc, on its narrowing shelves. My father having declined 
to take wine — a mischievous cousin who thought his new-fangled 
scruple a joke, brought him a foaming goblet of golden hue. 
Busy talking, he thanked her, took a spoon from the table and 
ate, amid circumambient smiles, — "What is that?" "Fine custard, 
your fair hand made it." "So it did — its eggnog!" 

He was like the old minister who innocently wrote a lady who 
sent him brandied peaches, that he thanked her most for the spirit 
in which they were sent ! 

Father had intended going as a missionary, but the shadow of 
the family "decline" was thought to be an obstacle ; then he planned 
to go as a home missionary to California in "49," and he and 
his mother sold their good old mahogany, to their regret when 
they found it best to remain East. But the remove to California 
was on the horizon until 1857, when the old First Church of 
Columbus, Ohio, called Father to succeed his cousin, Dr. James 
Hoge, who had been pastor fifty years. 


Dr. James Hoge was the oldest son of "sweet Elizabeth" Poage 
and Dr. Moses Hoge, president of Hampden-Sidney. He mar- 
ried his cousin, Jane Woods, and for fifty eventful years was 
pastor of the First Presbyterian Church in Columbus, Ohio, 
where my father succeeded him. He was a severe looking old 
gentleman with a very kindly heart : his dark study with its 
sombre pictures filled me with dread. I remember his patting 
my small head as we came out of church and saying, "Lassie, 
can't you sit still?" whereat I was unreasonably furious. The 
next Sunday, impressed by Mother's admonition, things were 
better, and going out he said, "Well, you did sit still ! was it very 
hard?" in a tone of tender sympathy. 

It was told of him and Cousin James PauU, both of the "big, 
silent Woodses," that the divinity Doctor on a visit to the kin 
in Wheeling received a call from his young cousin. After greet- 
ings and seating themselves, it was said that Dr. Hoge waited 
for some remark from the young man, and he feeling it courteous 
to leave the opening to his elder, also waited. Both waited, and 
the visit ended in silence ! Probably not a true tale, but signi- 
ficant of the popular opinion of their taciturnity. 

Dr. Hoge's daughter, Elizabeth, married an eloquent preacher, 
Dr. Robert Nail, a successful evangelist, who did much good ; 
their family has a remarkable record of preacher sons, and equally 
useful "Elders-wives" daughters. 

There were regrets in leaving Wheeling with so many dear 
relatives and friends. I was born there. The Dicksons used to 
tell how the three little sisters were so excited at hearing of "Mr. 
Edgar's baby" that they wanted to rush off that hot July day to 
see me ; their mother restraining, they rose before light next morn- 
ing slipped out quietly and walked nearly three miles to appear 
at our door before six o'clock! My first visitors and life-long 
friends. My one recollection of this first home was of going 
down to the river with Grandmother, dipping my little red tin 
bucket full of water, and of seeing the white curtain of our 
window flapping in the breeze ; this was in the spring ; I was three 
in July. 

Five happy, useful years at Columbus followed; but the last 
was full of war trouble. In 1861, Father resigned becau'^e he 
felt he would be out of sympathy with most of his church. Rut 


they refused to accept his resignation, and the Presbytery dechned 
to let him go. So he stayed on until March, 1862. Already 
prisoners were coming to Camp Chase, and my mother with Mrs. 
Thurman, wife of the Governor (afterwards Senator), used to 
go and take various comforts to the poor fellows. Mrs. Thur- 
man was a Universalist and one day returning after seeing some 
of the brutal treatment by some guards (Germans, by the way), 
she said "if there is no hell, there ought to be, for such men!" 

One Sunday night at close of service, a prisoner in gray with 
his guard went up to speak to my father. Mother rose from her 
pew, to greet him ; and when she saw the gray, she burst into tears. 
It was Rev. Walker Gilmer. By the Governor's influence he was 
later allowed to come to our house for supper ; it was on ■ a 
corner, and I remember the soldier with his gun on his shoulder 
marching back and forth across the front of our yard and down 
the side to the back gate. After the war when Mr. Gilmer was 
pastor of the Fredericksburg Church, he sent Mother his picture 
with his autograph and II Tim. 1:16, which reads: "The Lord 
give grace to the house of Onesiphorus : for he hath oft refreshed 
me and was not ashamed of my chain." Our house was rented 
from "Sunset Cox" Congressman from Ohio, and at first they 
had two rooms full of their furniture. Every now and then 
she would come, a sweet and gracious lady, and we children would 
be wild with excitement over the mysterious rooms. She gave 
me an abacus which I long kept. 

From Columbus we went back to Wheeling and shared the 
home of my mother's brother, James R. Baker. Father had many 
calls to churches, one to Cyrus M'Cormick's Church in Chicago, 
which he pressed very earnestly ; but father thought his being 
Southern might make trouble. My grandmother disapproved of 
his decision, and never lived with us afterward. I used to go 
and visit her at "little Washington" (Pa.) and had wonderful 
times; most vividly recalled was the glorious coasting on a sled 
holding twelve people, I tucked in the middle, about 8 years old, 
rushing down the mile-long street, across a bridge and away up 
the opposite slope. 

My uncle and his wife were very lovely to us in the two and a 
half years we spent under their roof ; and their oldest son, 
Forsyth, made a great pet of me. I loved him dearly ; but Sam 


and Willie, half-grown, teased me unmercifully and Lizzie, 
Aunt Elizabeth's niece, was my bete-noir. Not far away 
lived my mother's brother, Colin, his wife, my father's cousin; 
we used to play with their children. But trouble came. Boys 
who were profane, my mother refused to let our boys play with ; 
their father, a very coarse man, was furiously angry, and re- 
ported my father to the Provost Marshal as "a rebel." Father 
refused to take the oath, and was put in prison. The jailor had 
been his first client, and felt so kindly, that he kept him in his own 
house. I remember my dear mother's anguish and her reading to 
me the 46th Psalm: "God is our refuge and strength," and the 
comfort the 41st was to her: "Blessed is that that considereth the 
poor : the Lord will deliver him in time of trouble." If ever a man 
considered — not merely supplied — the poor, it was my father, 
and your own father was just the same. After a few days, 
Father was released; the Provost a gentleman, knew that 
my father was quiet and law-abiding. It was impossible then to 
come South. They kept up a constant correspondence with men 
in the various prisons and sent boxes for their relief. Cousin 
Jimmie Morgan was at Point Lookout, and wore my mother's 
watch which she had lent him, through all that terrible time. 
He dared not let it run, lest they take it from him. My first 
knitting was for him, and he was very proud of a very bungling 
pair of yarn socks which at least brought warmth in that awful 
cold. In November, 1864, the same vindictive father had my 
father arrested again, and also my Uncle James. This time he 
was put into the dreadful Athenaeum prison, and was just 
about to be sent to Camp Chase, when Mr. Addison, the Epis- 
copal minister of St. Matthew's, got him free. Then we and 
my uncle's family went where we would be less conspicuous, to 
Philadelphia, where we lived at 1333 South Broad until the war 

There were so many prisoners, the Government was afraid 
to release all at once; but any one named in a petition 
would be set free. Mother went to Washington, saw Secretary 
Stanton, and got released sixty at one time and thirty-five at 
another. She went to Fort Delaware herself and brought them 
away. She was entertained by the Colonel commanding, a Ger- 
man by birth, but a gentleman, whose wife was a Southerner; he 


told her that "Southern women compared to Northern, were as a 
banana to a potato" ! Bananas were a rarity, delicious, in those 

For a few days that early summer of '65, our house was filled 
with the prisoners, while my father, my uncle and other Southern 
men were fitting- them out with clothing and buying their tickets 
for the homeward journey ; beds were at a discount, they were 
thankful for the pallets that lined the big parlor floor, and for 
sufficient palatable food : above all, for liberty. I have often 
wondered that we never heard from any of them afterward. 
But it was doubtless because we came to Virginia, July 4, 1865. 
That hot night I slept ( ?) behind Aunt Anne and glad was I of 
morning light ! The railroad held to Manassas ; here the car- 
riage and servants met us, and the next day we reached "Clover 
Hill," the Morgan's home in Fauquier, so beautiful, all wrecked 
by the war. There we remained a year, our board a help to them. 
My Uncle William Morgan, who had married my mother's oldest 
sister, had owned an immense property. Early in the war he 
sent the greater part of his slaves to his cousin in Lynchburg, 
and to their laments and fears that they would never get back, 
he gave his promise that they should return. And he kept his 
word at bitter cost, having not only to borrow money to bring 
them home, but to support the throng. A noble man he was, 
and kindly. Everybody loved him. That winter he and his 
oldest daughter, Nanna, though neither was a communicant 
through self-depreciation, rose before light and rode horseback to 
Marshall (then Salem) where they had Sunday school, Uncle 
Wm. Superintendent and Nanna teaching the little children ; they 
often made the fire in the church, other people and sexton late. 
Wt children were taught by Miss Moletta Jones, an old friend of 
my mother, at whose house she had known Gen. Lee, their cousin, 
just after the Mexican War, when Col. Lee was the toast of 
Washington. "Miss Vi" was a fine, good woman, but she made 
the hill of learning steep to my poor little brothers, and 
brought them often under "Aunt Anne's" rod. We never forgot 
the misery of "Good" Friday, when she would not touch crumb 
or drop, yet taught rigorously all day, despite Aunt Anne's pro- 
test, notwithstanding her own rasped nerves; that was the sort 
of conscience and religion she had. 


My father and mother were away. He had two calls to 
churches to decide — the "Prytania St." in New Orleans, and 
Charlottesville. Grandmother Woods was living in New Orleans 
with Uncle Henry. Cousin Bryson Woods and his brother, 
Alfred, were there. Father and Mother spent a delightful month 
visiting them. One day talking with Cousin Bryson about the 
yellow fever, in those days a yearly scourge, he said when it 
came all would have to go, and Mother replied that she knew 
Father would never leave his church people in trouble, and she 
would not leave him. Cousin Bryson then said, "You would 
probably all have it. You and Cousin Edgar might recover ; but 
you would likely lose one or two of your children." That settled 
it ! Besides, Charlottesville had the University for the boys. 

In July, 1866, we settled there. Father and Mother had gone 
in May, and early in July I followed, alone, very proud of making 
the journey by myself from Warrenton, and of helping to get 
fixed in the new home, the house where the Valentines lived on 
High Street, in your remembrance. Father bought the present 
Manse, and we moved there before Christmas. The church was 
in a depressed condition from the war, but it prospered steadily 
under my father's ministry. The students of the University 
crowded its galleries. One who was there in the 70's wrote me 
November, 1921 : "I will always remember your father and 
mother, how kindly they treated me in my time of poverty and 
need. They were Epistles known and read of all, so full of faith 
and of the Holy Spirit." How many could say the same, only 
God knows. It is written above. Before we were married your 
father wrote me he hoped we might make our new home at 
Davidson what my father and mother made theirs of helpfulness 
to the Virginia University students. 

Father preached to the children the afternoons of the third 
Sundays of each month, and the whole town came to hear him. 
The sermons were published later: "Apples of Gold." In his 
later years he made a close study of the county records, with the 
accuracy of his legal training, and published his "History of 
Albemarle County," which so great an authority as Mr. Philip 
Bruce says "possesses the value of an original dochment," so 
reUable is it. He was allowed to take the complete files of the 
town paper from the University of Virginia Library, and the 


librarian begged him to take all at once, but he feared the respon- 
sibility; the last he took out the day before the great fire in 1895 
— all the rest were destroyed, and the librarian reminded him 
how all might have been saved ! 

In 1869, I went to school to Miss Baldwin's in Staunton and 
graduated in 187 1. In 1877 Father's health failed, his heart 
seriously affected, and he bought Pantops, where we went in 
April. He lost a great part of his money through a bank failure ; 
and we had boarders in the summer, and Pantops Academy was 
begun. In 1879, June nth, your father and I were married and 
went abroad for his vacation. At that time "Roman fever" was 
prevalent, and insurance companies made Rome a risk. I had 
wanted to see it, all my life, and your father had planned further 
study of Roman Antiquities there and in Naples. He had a little 
money saved up, and he left the decision to me whether we should 
stay on until Christmas, someone else filling his professorship at 
Davidson. But, though sorely tempted, I decided it was a bad 
way for two young people to spend all they had at the start, so 
gave the verdict for home in September. After four happy years 
at Davidson, Father giving up the school, we came to Pantops in 
1883, and after a year of partnership, your father took entire 
charge and ownership. It had prospered before ; but became still 
more widely known and successful, as you know, and the means 
of great good to many. 

After two years, Father, with the money from the sale of Pan- 
tops, bought Arrowhead, but after two years sold it to your 
uncle Sam. Father then built the house in town afterwards 
Uncle Edgar's home; but after a serious illness, returned to us 
at Pantops, where they lived with us until they passed away 

My dear father was an omniverous lover of books, with an 
unquenchable thirst for knowledge. In his very last year he fin- 
ished the deliberate reading — through — of the Encyclopedia 
Britannica! He read, with wonderful eyesight, the Baltimore 
Sun to his last day — and remembered everything! We used to 
tease him about his familiarity with prize-fighters and winners of 
horse-races ! He loved poetry, and wrote verse himself. From 
the time "Crossing the Bar" appeared, every night closing his 
eyes for sleep, he repeated it to himself along with every Scots' 


goodnight psalm "The Lord's my Shepherd, I'll not want;" every 
night till the last. 

In his eightieth year, he still walked his four miles for exercise, 
his six feet of stature erect, his silvery hair thick as ever, (no 
bald heads among our Woodses) his eyes so blue and bright, 
his complexion clear and colorful, but not ruddy still less florid. 
I used to tell him the girls envied his cheeks and the boys his 
step. The last four months he was helpless in body — his mind 
clear — his courage, his faith, his sweet patience in all his af- 
flictions, his children may well yearn to copy. 

On their tombstones in Maplewood Cemetery, Charlottesville, 
are the following inscriptions, both written by my father : "Maria 
Cooper, daughter of Samuel and Eliza Reed Baker, of Berkeley 
County, Virginia, and wife of Rev. Edgar Woods, born Janu- 
ary 8, 1832, died February 10, 1908. A follower of the Lamb." 
And his own, "Edgar Woods, son of Thomas and Mary Bryson 
Woods, of Wheeling, Virginia, for eleven years pastor of the 
Presbyterian Church of this city. Born December 12, 1827, died 
April 19, 1910. Still united to Christ." 

My mother always wished us to remember how many flattering 
calls my father had. Besides the one to Chicago, during the Civil 
War, and repeated after we moved to Charlottesville, he had 
fifteen calls while there, among them to Louisville, Memphis, 
Atlanta, St. Louis, and back to Columbus, Ohio, his old charge. 
Rev. Dr. Moses Hoge, of Richmond, urged him to go there, and 
take charge of a Presbyterian School for Girls, which Dr. Hoge 
wished to establish. Dr. Hoge was quite displeased when Father 
thought best to decline. 

My father and mother had seven children. I need say little 
of us ; you know us all ! I was the oldest, born July 21, 1854, in 
Wheeling— the time of the Crimean War. My grandmother loved 
to tell that the night of my birth an owl flew into the house and 
sat upon the newel post, whereupon she declared that Minerva's 
bird had come to bring me wisdom ! It pleased my mother much. 
Grandmother wrote to her sister, Mrs. McKee, then in Cali- 
fornia, describing the perfections of this marvellous first grand- 
child ; and no other foot so beautiful, she put it down on her 
letter and drew around it ; then with five toes in mind, made five 
marks. Some three months later, the letter which with my 


silver cup, had travelled round Cape Horn, came, saying what 
a pity the precious child's foot was deformed with six toes! 

II. Samuel Baker, eighteen months younger, also born in 
Wheeling; educated at the University of Virginia, taught and 
then studied law and practiced years in Charlottesville, where he 
also dealt in real estate and was Mayor; moved to "Arrowhead" 
and has large orchards of our famous Albemarle apples. He 
married Lucretia, daughter of James Houston Gilmore, professor 
of law in the University of Virginia. They have had eleven 
children: i. Edgar, a surgeon in the Navy, now on the flagship 
of the Mediterranean fleet, married to lovely Grace Anderson ; 
they have a daughter, Grace Douglas. 2. James Gilmore married 
Pansy Howe; he died at Alexandria, La., in an automobile acci- 
dent April 21, 1919. 3. Samuel Baker, Jr., M. A. and B. L. of 
the University, is Counsel for the British-America Tobacco Com- 
pany in New York, married Margaret Gill, so "adorable," a great 
belle, and has Richard Cameron; twin daughters, Margaret and 
Lucretia, and a third, Anne. 4. Henry M., in the lumber business. 
5. Addison, who is the manager of the home orchards at Arrow- 
head. 6. Lutie, 7. Maria Cooper, and 9. Anne Emerson, three of 
the finest girls that ever lived, of whom we all are proud. 
Number 8 is Archibald in the real estate business in Petersburg, 
Va. 10. William Sharpless is finishing his course at the Uni- 
versity, and II. Theodore is just beginning his. All the boys 
have been at the University. 

III. Henry M., eighteen months younger, educated at the Uni- 
versity, elected Professor of Greek of Ogden College, Bowling 
Green, Ky., where he met and married Josephine, youngest child 
of Senator Joseph Rogers Underwood. Before his marriage, 
however, he studied for the ministry a year at Edinburgh and 
two at our own Union in Va. In 1883 they went to China, where 
both did great service, Henry being one of the translators of the 
Bible from the Hebrew and Greek. Their five children are Henry 
M., Jr., who is a teacher; Josephine and Lily — you know how 
lovely they are and how dear to us — both missionaries ; Samuel in 
business in China, and Robert, who was in the World War and is 
now finishing his course at Davidson College. Mrs. Henry Woods 

passed away at Baltimore, February 21, 1920. 

IV. Edgar, two years younger than Henry, after his Uni- 


versity course went into business in Chicago, and just as he 
reached an offer of partnership, decided he must be a missionary; 
came back to the University, studied medicine, with his degree 
practiced in New York hospitals two years, and went to China in 
1886. There he met and married Frances Anne, daughter of 
Rev. Dudley Lawrence Smith, of the Episcopal Church. He 
and her mother had been missionaries and Frances was born in 
China. In 1900 typhus fever and famine conditions brought 
broken health, and they were forced to return. Their five chil- 
dren are Mary Barclay, who expects to go to China in 1922 ; 
Susan Sparrow, who married Manning Stevenson Fleming ; Dud- 
ley, who married Flelen Howe Michael; Frances, who married 
John S. Batten, and Colin, who is now a student in Waynesboro. 
Mrs. Edgar Woods passed away at Charlottesville, April 6, 1909. 

V. James Baker, named for my mother's beloved brother, died 
three months old, 1861. 

VI. Marie Cooper died August 1872, four months old. 

VII. James Baker, born October 16, 1867, after taking his 
Master's degree at the University, spent his vacation, together with 
Father, in Europe. He then taught a year at Pantops and after 
debating whether the ministry or medicine called him, decided 
for the M. D.'s work in China. In 1893 he sailed with his bride, 
Elizabeth, daughter of Rev. Dr. James Power Smith, wid-ely 
known as Gen. Stonewall Jackson's aide-de-camp when a mere 
boy, and pastor, editor and for fifty years Stated Clerk of the 
Synod of Virginia. A medical work and surgical which any- 
where but in China would have been world-known, has absorbed 
and satisfied both Dr. and Mrs. Woods. Their six children are 
Agnes Lacy married Rev. Thos. Lyttleton Harnsberger, in China ; 
two sons, T. L., Jr., and James Power Smith. 2. John Russell, 
your dear father's namesake, who bids fair to uphold the name 
worthily, now a student at our Seminary here, as is also Edgar 
Archibald, the fourth child, equally fine. While James Baker 
is just finishing his medical course and is a valued interne in 
Johnston-Willis Hospital. All three going as missionaries. The 
two youngest, Wm. Smith and EHzabeth Witherspoon, are at 
school in Shanghai. 

How much of these dear brothers I long to tell, and of the 
happy years when we grew up together in the home my father 


and mother made ideal ; how we worked in the church and sang 
in the choir, and enjoyed the University society, and had such 
a good time ! 

My dear Mother used to tell it of herself that in the years of 
the growing shildren and their education, she sometimes thought 
Father gave away to the poor and the Church more than he could 
afford. She thought of books and travel and other advantages 
for us. But she said God gave back all and more for the children. 
Every one had the best education — and took it: never lacked 
books, and read them; each one has crossed the ocean, all but 
one seen the Old World and its treasures well. She said it all 
came back in blessing — ten-fold ! 

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"Once upon a time," so my grandmother would begin one of 
the tales I loved, "there was a mighty Gael named Thorl : he was 
of brave fighting folk and he had 'a leal heart,' and one day he 
saw a man of the King's following creep up treacherously behind 
to stab the King in his back, and Thorl slew him with a blow 
of his fist, for he was big and strong. Then the King kissed 
him and called him Thorl of the Poag or Kiss." Some now say 
that Poag was not Kiss, but fist, and that he was Thorl of the 
Fist. But, anyhow, my grandmother said the King meant his 
brave act should not be forgotten, and that he was a fine fellow 
to descend from, and then she would give me a Poag-Kiss to 
prove her belief in that interpretation. I liked the kiss and the 
warm loving shoulder that pillowed me, but I thought Kiss a 
prettier word than Poag. Many of the tribe have changed the 
spelling from Poage to Pogue or Poague to insure the correct 
sound of the hard G., for the same reason that some of the de- 
scendants named Hoge spell it Hogue. 

The first of our Poages came to \^irginia via Philadelphia in 
1739. Two brothers, Robert and John. The Orange County rec- 
ord is — Orange then stretching to the Mississippi River — "Robert 
Poage, May 22, 1740, came into court and proved his importa- 
tion at his own expense, bringing his wife, Elizabeth (sister 
of John Preston), and nine children: Margaret, John, Martha, 
Sarah, George, Mary, William, Elizabeth, Robert" ; another son, 
Thomas, from whom we also descend, was born in Virginia. 
From these ten, the tribes of Poage have increased, innumerable ! 
My father began once to compile a list, but was appalled and 
deterred by their multitude. The habit of ten, twelve, sixteen 
children, generation after generation, made an "answer" like the 
"horseshoe nail." Family after family went to Kentucky ; the 
country where Louisville now stands was known as the Poage 
neighborhood, and they are found in every State to the Pacific. 
The clan has run largely to ministers and wives of ministers, 
in which they are true to their old first forbear. For it was 
love of their church that brought them overseas, as already told 
of our Woods line. 


Robert Poage was the "very first Elder" of the Old Stone 
Church in Augusta County, and he gave the land upon which it 
stands. These first churches had no ministers, and the elders built 
their meeting places for worship, of the logs from which 
their dwellings were made ; so it was seven years before the first 
log church was companied by the stone building which rose near 
it and still stands, and which was dedicated in 1749. It was built 
strongly for defence as well as worship, and had about it a sort 
of fosse and palisade ; during worship the father sat in the end 
of the pew, with his gun set before him, ready to his hand. 
The building had been piled up, as the Jews rebuilt Jerusalem: 
"with one hand wrought they in the work and with the other hand 
held a weapon." The women brought the sand for the mortar 
"in bags across their horses" and "in their aprons" (hard on the 
aprons!) from the stream a hundred yards away, a dangerous 
service. Their heart's blood was built into that House of God, 
and truly they loved the stones thereof. The same feeling is 
largely characteristic of their descendants. 

The "eight shires" of the Colony had been divided and re- 
divided. Orange had only been formed 1734, and the act form- 
mg Augusta was passed 1738; but "not being able to report a 
sufficient number of competent men able to officer the new 
county," Orange still held the courts until 1743. They were wait- 
ing for Robert Poage ! For he was appointed one of the first 
"Gentlemen Justices of the King's Peace," and was active in all 
the affairs of the county as well as the church. 

Margaret, the oldest daughter, married a Robertson. Mr. 
Waddell says, "many ministers are said to descend from her, but 
we do not know their names or location," as they moved to 
that Western land so attractive to adventurous spirits. 

II. John, the oldest son, married Mary Blair; they had eight 
children : Elizabeth, the oldest, married Rev. Moses Hoge, who 
was president of Hampden-Sidney College. 

In the very interesting life of Rev. Thos. Poage Hunt it is 
related that Dr. and Mrs. Hoge were in the habit of "making a 
budget," as it is called today, and of giving in charity all beyond 
their necessary expenses. As may well be imagined with such 
generous hearts, the supply often ran short. Once debt was 
avoided by a timely wedding fee. Another time a poor woman 


came, sadly in need of clothing, whereupon the good doctor 
begged his wife to give her a dress. "But I have only two," 
rephed Elizabeth," my Sunday best, and this that I have on." 
But Moses urging that the poor woman had none and would 
suffer, his wife yielded. Shortly after a schoolmate of Mrs. 
Hoge, very wealthy, died, and requested that her clothes be sent 
to Mrs. Hoge. She often spoke of it as God's providing and 
said that never did she have such a supply for quantity or quality. 
The story reminded me of my dear mother's saying that she 
never made a self-denial, but God gave it back ten-fold. 

Their four sons were James, D. D., Samuel Davies, D. D., John 
Blair, D. D., and Thomas, M. D. Dr. James Hoge married his 
cousin, Jane Woods, and had six children, one of whom was 
Moses A., D. D. ; the oldest daughter, Elizabeth Hoge, married 
Rev. Dr. Robert Nail, with two minister sons, Dr. James and 
Dr. Robert, and daughters, Mrs. Spencer, Mrs. Paxton, Mrs. 
Boatrite, Mrs. Maclin Smith, whose husbands are all elders, and 
they themselves full of good works. Mrs. Smith's son is a 
minister and her daughter, Harriet, a missionary in China with 
the Y. W. C. A. The second son of Elizabeth Poage was Rev, 
Dr. Samuel Davies Hoge, who married Elizabeth Rice Lacy ; their 
oldest son was the famous Dr. Moses D. Hoge, of Richmond, 
one of the greatest pulpit orators, the pastor fifty-two years of 
the Second Church ; he married Susan Wood, and had two 
daughters and two sons — Bessie, Mary, who was the first wife 
of Marshall Gilliam and left two children, Hoge and Mary, wife 
of Coleman Wortham ; Moses D., Jr., the beloved physician ; and 
Hampden, in business in New York. The second son of Dr. 
Samuel Davies Hoge was William, equally eloquent as his brother 
and greatly beloved ; but his lamented death cut short his useful 
career. He married first Mary Ballard, who had two children, 
Elizabeth Lacy, the lovely wife of Rev. Wm. Irvine, with a 
minister son and daughters active in the church ; and Addison 
Hogue, professor in Washington and Lee, Elder and writer, who 
married Emily Smith, a rare woman of the John-Poage-Mary- 
Moore line. Dr. Wm. Hoge's second wife was Virginia Harrison, 
daughter of Rev. Dr. Peyton Harrison; her children are Mary, 
wife of Rev. De Lacey Wardlaw, missionaries to Brazil, and 
Rev. Dr. Peyton Hoge, who has the family gift of eloquent 


preaching. The only sister of Dr. Moses and Dr. William Hoge 
was Anne Lacy, wife of W. H. Marquess ; her son, Rev. Dr. Wm. 
Hoge Marquess, the beloved preacher and professor in the White 
Bible School, New York; another, Edgar, professor in West- 
minster College; another, Earnest, in active Christian work; and 
two daughters married to ministers, Rev. George Lyle and 
Rev. A. A. Wallace. 

The third son of Eliz. Poage, John Blair, D. D., married 
Eliz. Hunter, was pastor at Martinsburg, later of First Presby- 
terian Church, Richmond, second wife, Eliz. B. Moore; their 
son, James M., married his cousin, Martha Poage. 

The fourth son of Elizabeth Poage was Thomas, who was 
a skillful and beloved physician ; he niarried Mary Claiborne 
Whitlock, of Huguenot descent; their two gallant sons, Moses 
Hoge and Lieut. Achilles Whitlock Hoge, killed in battle at 
Cloyd's Tavern; her daughter, Elizabeth Poage, wife of John 
Irvine, has a daughter Anne Lewis Irvine, for twelve years a 
missionary and another, WTiitlock, wife of Rev. N. Reid Claytor. 

The second child of John Poage and Elizabeth Blair was 
Rev. Thomas Poage, who married Jane Watkins. His brother, 
James, married his cousin, Mary Woods, and her mother, our 
Martha, went with them to Kentucky and Ohio. Robert married 
Mary Hopkins ; George, Anne Allen ; John, Rebecca Hopkins ; 
Anne, Mr. Kinkead; William married Margaret Davis; their son, 
Major Wm. Poage, married Nancy Warwick, Mrs. Gatewood; 
their daughter, Mary Vance, married Harry Miller Moffett; an- 
other, Elizabeth Woods, married Joel Matthews; another, Mar- 
garet, married James Atlee Price, whose son was Rev. Dr. Wm, 
T. Price, and her grandson, Rev. Dr. Henry Woods McLaughlin, 
who married Nellie Brown, of the John Poage-Mary-Moore stock. 
These above mentioned all from John, son of Robert I. and 
Elizabeth Preston. 

Martha, the third child of Robert Poage and Elizabeth Preston, 
married Andrew Woods of ours ; Sarah, m. Robert Breckinridge ; 
Wm., Anne Kennedy Wilson, who was probably of my mother's 
kin; Elizabeth, Wm. Crawford. 

From Robert, son of Robert, and Jean Wallace, who was his 
first cousin (daughter of Wm. Wallace and his first cousin, Han- 
nah, daughter of Michael Woods), are descended a number of 


those in the ministry. A curious thing happened last winter 
I was going over a hst sent me years ago by Cousin Andrew 
Woods Wilhamson, when I came upon the name of Rev. Ma- 
thew Branch Porter. Now that is the name of the honored 
Agent of the Bible Society, here in Richmond, and his wife is 
a member of our church and auxiliary. But we had known 
each other for years without any suspicion that we were kin ! Her 
mother who was here I found very clannish, and we "for- 
gathered" most pleasantly. Her other daughter married Dr. 
Wm. Frear, an Elder and noted chemist, professor in State Col- 
lege, Pa. They have four children. 

Thomas married Agnes M'Clanahan. These last had eight 
children: i. Elijah Poage married Nancy Grattan. 2. Robert 
married Martha Crawford. 3. John married Rachel Barclay 
Crawford, and their son was the father of the famous Col. 
Wm. Poague, of Poague's Battery in the Stonewall Brigade; 
afterwards Elder in the Lexington Church, and treasurer of the 
Virginia Military Institute until his death ; he married Josephine 
Moore, my schoolmate, and counted even then the saintUest of our 
number ; their son, Col. Barclay Poague, is professor in V. M. 1. 
4. Wm. married Elizabeth Anderson, second Margaret Atlee: 
of their eight children the youngest, Sarah, was the wife of 
Gen. James Walker. 5. Elizabeth was the wife of Rev. Wm. 
Wilson. This "Parson Wilson," a fine scholar, was trustee twen- 
ty-five years of Washington College (now W. & L, University), 
pastor 1780 to 181 1 of the Old Stone Church. Recovering from 
an illness once he had wholly forgotten his native tongue, but re- 
membered his Latin and Greek ! Gradually his English returned. 
Dr. Nelson Bell, of Tsing-Kiang-pu, China, is their great-great- 
great-grandson. 6. Anne married Col. Archibald Woods, my 
great-grandfather. 7. Mary married Thos. Wilson,f a wealthy 
gentleman of Morgantown; three of her daughters married min- 
isters: Agnes, Rev. Homer Clark; Julia, Rev. Robert Lauck, 
and Louisa, Rev. John C. Lowrie, going with him to India, the 
first missionaries sent by the Presbyterian church. Mary Wil- 
son's son, Norval, born, of course, a Presbyterian, was converted 

fHon. Thomas Wilson, who married in 1792 Mary, daughter of Thos. Poage. 
was member of Congress in 1811; his son, Edgar Campbell Wilson, in 1832, and 
his grandson, Eugene M. Wilson, in 1868. Eugenius, who married his cousin, 
Mary Woods, was a member of the Virginia Senate. 


at a camp meeting, so became a Methodist minister, and his son, 
Alpheus, became the bishop of the Methodist Church. 

Martha, Mrs. Andrew Woods, was a very remarkable woman, 
physically, mentally, spiritually. A great many of her letters 
have been preserved, the ink black as the day she wrote, a beau- 
tiful handwriting, clear as print, and she could spell ! a rare 
accomplishment in that day, which even George Washington 
lacked. After her husband's death in Botetourt, she went to 
Ohio County with her children and later to Kentucky with her 
daughter, Mrs. Poage, and finally with her to Ripley, Ohio, 
where she departed this life at the age of 90, surviving her 
husband nearly forty years. A letter from Mr. W. Ward, dated 
Fayette County, Ky., September 9, 1789, to my great-grandfather, 
then 25, says, "I thank you for wishing to know my sentiments 
on certain matters, but I beg to point out to you another criterion 
whereby to judge of the fitness and propriety of things. You had 
a most valuable father. In any emergency, ask yourself, 'What 
would have been my fathers opinion of this?' This will naturally 
lead to a recollection of sundry paternal admonitions, and perhaps 
examples which might otherwise be lost in oblivion. But thank 
a gracious Heaven that you have yet a mother whose good sense 
and sagacity are equalled by few; nor reject her precepts be- 
cause she is a female. Good sense is the result of a sound mind 
which would as soon inhabit a female body as a male. There is 
no sex in souls. Heaven grant you long a blessing in her life." 
That Archie did not think of "rejecting her precepts" is shown 
by his frequent letters asking her advice; to one about hiring 
out a slave woman, she replies from her daughter's home in 
Kentucky, near where Lexington now stands, at present a few 
hour's distance. 


She gives her counsel clearly, then says : "This is my 
judgment, but in the months which may elapse before this 
reaches your hand, circumstances may so have changed that my 
advice may be no longer pertinent. So you must learn to rely 
on your own judgment, always striving to act justly to your 
fellow-men, and remembering your life in the sight of God. That 
you may be true to Him and His service, honouring Him and 


keeping His commandments, that I pray. Indeed it is my daily 
prayer for my children and my children's children and for my 
posterity to the latest generation." Many people pray for their 
"children and children's children," those they have seen and 
loved; but this far-seeing old lady, full of faith, looked down 
the years to her unborn, unknown descendants, and asked God 
to bless us ! 


He was brother to Robert, about twelve years younger it is said, 
which seems probable, since in 1740 Robert had nine children 
and John only two. Like Capt. M'Dowell and George Wash- 
ington, he was a surveyor, and in June, 1739, by court order, 
with David Davis and George Hutcheson as assistants, "viewed 
and laid off a road from Beverly Manor." His home was nine 
miles south of Lexington on the Natural Bridge Road, in the 
Fancy Hill neighborhood. 

He and his wife, Jean Somers, had ten children: John, Grizel 
(Grace), Martha, Robert, William, Anne, James, Johnathan, 
Thomas, Rebecca. John, Jr., rather than his father, was the one 
who, with Sampson Matthews, June 25, 1763, as vestrymen, 
voted not to receive the new built Parish Church, Staunton, 
"supposing the brick to be insufficient." In the Virginia of that 
day, the Church of England dominant, civil affairs for the good 
of the community could not be administered except by vestry- 
men "men of repute." The Valley then had almost no men of 
the State Church ; its dangers and difficulties did not attract men 
from the Tidewater country, who had troubles of their own. 
They were willing enough that these "Dissenters" should be 
Gov. Gooch's "frontier wall against the savages," and even that 
"men of station suitable" should be chosen vestrymen from them. 
Later we found one and another resigning "from conscience" ; 
but at first they consented, that the necessary work might go on. 
Perhaps this twenty-five-year-old John thought it did not matter, 
and may have felt he was serving God and his generation by 
qualifying for the care of the poor, the making of highways and 
the "ordering of morals," even if he did "wink at" the sub- 
scription required: "everybody knew he was a "good Presby- 


terian" ! But it would be interesting to know what good old 
Elder John thought about it. 

Mary Moore's Story 

Five years younger than John, Jr., was Martha, named for her 
grandmother Poage, like her first cousin who had married An- 
drew Woods, This Martha married James Moore, a man alert 
and resourceful, who was captain in the Revolutionary War: 
at Guilford with his company. After the war they adventured 
far from their Borden's Manor kindred, nearly two hundred 
miles into Abb's Valley (named from Abraham Looney), part of 
what is now Tazewell County: fertile and beautiful. Its peril 
was made known to them distressingly in September, 1784, when 
the Indians, after lurking about, captured James, the oldest son, 
fourteen, as he was riding to his Uncle Robert Poage's, two miles 
away; months after, he was heard of as safe and hoping to get 
back. The summer of 1786, Capt. Moore, on a business trip 
to Staunton, had taken along the next son, Joseph, who "caught 
measles" and so had been left at his grandfather's, John Poage's, 
fortunately as it proved. The morning of June 14th work was 
busily going on. Capt. Moore was in the field near the house 
with his two serving men: his children, William and Rebecca, 
had gone to the spring for water, and Alexander was playing near 
by. Mrs. Moore and her helper, Martha Evans, in the house with 
Jean, John and Margaret — had breakfast just ready; and little 
Mary going to call her father, first heard the dread war-whoop. 
In one short hour, Capt. Moore and the three older children lay 
slain, the house was in ashes, and a heart-broken family, bereft, 
on the march to the Ohio. The next day baby Margaret crying, 
her brains were dashed out against a tree, and the next, little 
John lagging, fell behind with an Indian and was never seen again. 
Not always were the Indians cruel to the women and children 
whom they captured to incorporate into their tribe ; but this party 
meeting across the river another who had looted much whiskey, 
they entered upon a drunken orgy, in which they tortured Mrs. 
Moore and her twelve-year-old daughter, Jean, with indescribable 
tortures for three days, finally burning them at the stake. The 
Indians themselves told it afterwards, loving bravery as they did, 



how the mother in agony herself, gave courage and comfort to 
her child. Can we hear her say, "When thou passest through the 
fire .... I will be with thee?" Did her voice broken by mortal 
anguish lift in the dear old words : 

"Yea, though I walk in death's dark vale. 
Yet will I fear none ill ?" 

It was a fiery chariot, but it bore them Home. 

Little Mary during these days had been taken away by kind 
Indian women to another village. Returning some days later, all 
she found was the bones in the ashes of that martyr fire : these the 
little eight-year-old child gathered, and digging a hole with her 
own hands, gave them burial. 

She was shortly after "sold for eight gallons of rum" to a 
horrible trader named StogAvell, "base and cruel," who "used her 
as a slave"; when finally found she was "clothed in rags, 
emaciated and careworn," a tiny, fair, blue-eyed child; when 
grown she never weighed more than 100 pounds. Poor little 
darling! No wonder that in after life — safe and beloved — even 
then, she never could bear to tell the tale. Her husband tried 
some months after their marriage ; her oldest son, 25 years later, 
not long before her death; but the very thought brought such 
paroxysms of grief, that the full tragic story was never told. 

While she was ill-treated (though never by the Indians), 
James had found a home of kindness with a French family 
named Ariome, who had bought him for fifty dollars, because 
of his likeness to a son they had lost. These good people found 
little Mary and took her to their home. Meantime Thomas 
Evans, the brother of Martha, who was captured with the 
Moo res, had been making every effort to find them. Though just 
about to be married, he left his sweetheart, Anna Crow, who 
bravely urged him on, and he finally reached them in August of 
1789. Journeying was slow work in those days. Along the way 
back they were kindly received. Mary had taken, the day they 
were captured, two Testaments from the heap the Indians had 
piled to be burned, and one had been her comfort through all 
the dark days. One morning on the journey back, having read 
it, she laid it down, called to breakfast, and left it behind; 


the others judged it not safe to return for it ; she was grieved, 
but "hoped it did good" where it remained. The last day of their 
journey, their last shilling gone, wet through with snow and rain 
of the November day, they were refused hospitality ! so kept 
on in the storm until they arrived late at the home of Mr. and 
Mrs. McPheeters. She was Capt. Moore's sister, and her father 
and mother were there. "A joyful hour." 

Seven years after, Mary was married to Rev. Samuel Brown, 
the pastor of New Providence Church. Its name might well be 
dear to Mary's heart. In Pennsylvania soon after landing, a little 
company of storm-tossed Presbyterians had built them a church, 
and in token of God's care had called it Providence ; then moving 
on to Virginia as the "Friends" proved unfriendly, they built an- 
other, and again commemorating their Father's hand, they called 
it New Providence. Here in a blessed and quiet harbour, Mr. 
and Mrs. Brown spent their useful days, until the husband passed 
away, and she was left with the care of ten children. "In no 
time of her life did her character shine more brightly." His 
salary had been four hundred dollars, until the last year when 
it was raised to five hundred ! They had pupils in their house, 
among them those who were afterwards Rev. Dr. Wilson, profes- 
sor in Union Theological Seminary in Virginia; Governor 
M'Dowell, of Virginia; Governor M'Nutt, of North Carolina, 
and Samuel M'Dowell Moore. Mary outlived her husband six 
years, and left her four youngest children to the care of her 
daughter, Frances, who had married Rev. James Morrison. Her 
oldest son, James, just twenty-five, was about to be licensed by 
Presbytery, and Mary sent him from her dying bed; hastening 
back the forty miles, not knowing whether she was still alive, 
he stopped in the darkness at the churchyard. Searching, he 
found no new-made grave ; then urged his steed and arrived late 
at night to receive her parting blessing. Five of her sons, twelve 
of her grandsons and great-grandsons gave themselves to the 
ministry ; twelve of the daughters of the various families married 
ministers. Some twenty of the family have been honored Elders 
in the Church. And second to none are faithful women whose 
names appear on no Assembly Roll, but who are the heart and 
motive power of the churches where they live. And time would 
fail to tell of Mrs. R. L. Dabney and her son, Charles, the Uni- 


versity President; her husband, the great soldier, on Jackson's 
staff, and counted the greatest theology teacher of his day ; Mrs. 
B. M. Smith, whose husband was Dr. Dabney's honored col- 
league ; of her sister, "Aunt Hallie," and the influence she wielded 
in her pupils ; of the beloved physician, Samuel Brown Morrison, 
and of the generations of Hutchesons, McPheeters, Ghiselins, 
Glasgows, Walkers, M'Laughlins, McNutts, Telfords, Flournoys, 
Rosebros, Prestons, M'Kelways, Browns, Brattons, and Bon- 
durants. And in every branch is inshrined the memory and name 
of Mary Moore. 

Other descendants of John Poage, honored in the church are 
the Caruthers, Prestons, Lanes, Leyburns ; ministers, Elders, writ- 
ers — among these Elizabeth Preston Allan and her daughter, 
Janet, Mrs. Bryan ; "Mildred Welch," as the Church knows Mar- 
garet Lane; and Margaret Dabney Walker, who has done great 
work as family chronicler. 

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The mother of Anne Poage Woods was Agnes M'Clanahan, 
daughter of Robert M'Clanahan, who came with so many others 
about 1740. His deed to 331 acres is dated May 2j, 1741, at 
Orange Court House; no county enacted until 1738, and no clerk's 
office, of Augusta; no "sufficient number of competent men," until 
1743. Col. John Lewis has him security for a bond August 22, 
1748. November 28, 1748, "was produced in court. Commis- 
sion to Robert M'Clanahan, Gent, to be Sheriff of this (Augusta) 
County during his Majesty's pleasure." In the French and Indian 
War, 1755, Gov. Dinwiddie writes him and David Stuart to treat 
with friendly Cherokees against Shawnees. There were three 
brothers of Robert: Blair and James who remained in Pennsyl- 
vania, and Elijah. Blair became a wealthy merchant; Rev. 
Saml. M'Lanahan, of Baltimore, is from him. James (who fol- 
lowed the frequent custom of the day in varied spelling, I have 
seen five in one family deed), M'Qannaghan had a son who 
married Isabella Craig, of Cecil County, Md. ; their son, James, 
married Elizabeth Boggs; five children; the oldest, J. King Mc- 
Lenahan, Hollidaysburg, Pa., father of E. Johnston M'Lenahan 
and of Isabella, Mrs. George Brown, who built Brown Memorial, 
Baltimore, where we have worshipped so often. Elijah had a 
daughter, Mrs. Jane Holliday, of Winchester, Va. (perhaps great- 
grandmother of the governor). He wrote November 25, 1789, 
about her "rising family" and to bid her a "last farewell," a very 
old man. Elijah and Alexander McClanahan were on the Court 
1781 to try two "disloyal persons" after the war; Elijah was 
foreman of the Court which had in it also an uncle, a nephew, 
a brother-in-law and two others of the family! Elijah was one 
of the first trustees of the City of Staunton and one of the free- 
holders demanding in October, 1776, Religious Liberty, equality 
for "all religious denominations within the Dominion." 
Robert M'Clanahan and Sarah Breckinridge had eight children : 
I. Alexander married Miss Shelton, sister of Patrick Henry's 
first wife. He was captain in Bouquet's Expedition, and at Point 
Pleasant ; as also his brother, John, a lieutenant, who married 
Margaret Lewis. 


3. Robert, Jr., captain, killed at Point Pleasant; two sons 
moved to Kentucky. 

4. William lived in Roanoke County at the "Big Lick," where 
the deer used to come for the salty taste of the rock and clay, 
beside the Big Spring. It now supplies with its crystal flow 
the great city of Roanoke, built on the plantation of Wm.'s 
family, thereby made wealthy. They are all active in 
Church matters, leaders in good works, especially the good Elder 
William S. M'Clanahan and his sisters. One of them was the 
wife of Rev. Dr. Pitzer, another married Rev. Dr. Henry Martyn 
White, to whose brochure "the M'Clanahans" I owe much of this 
account; their son is Rev. Hugh White, of China. 

From Wm.'s son, Col. Elijah and his w4fe, Agatha Lewis, are 
Rev. Wm. M'C. Miller and his sons, Rev. W. M'C, Jr., and Dr. 
Houston Miller, missionary to China. 

5. Jane married John Boys; her daughter, Kitty, was the 
mother of Mr. Jos. Addison Waddell, author of "Annals of Au- 
gusta County," from which much of my definite information 
about Augusta has been obtained. 

6. Mrs. Dean. 

7. Agnes married Thomas Poage, was my great-great-grand- 

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Sarah, wife of Robert M'Clanahan, already married when 
they came to America, was the daughter of Alexander Brack- 
enridge ; for so he writes his name in the deed made in 1740, 
which I saw at the City Hall, Philadelphia, and which says he 
was removing to Virginia; the Ridge where grew the Bracken 
great, fern like, as in so many I have seen in Scotland. 

Driven by persecution from Ayrshire, Scotland, under Charles 
11 to North of Ireland, among the "Landholders" on the Hamil- 
ton Estate in Ulster, 1681, there was a Gilbert Brakenrig, who 
might have been the father of Alexander, who came to Pennsyl- 
vania in 1728, and on May 22, 1740, at Orange Court, among 
fourteen heads of families "proved his importation" with wife 
and eight children, the same day with Robert M'Clanahan, his 
son-in-law. He was appointed August 11, 1741, by the people 
of Tinkling Spring Church, with four others, to "manage their 
public affairs." His widow, Janet, "in open court May 24, 1744, 
relinquished her right to administer on his estate to her oldest 
son, George." There were two older half brothers : Adam, 
Deputy Sheriff under his brother-in-law, Robert M'Clanahan, 
November 28, 1749, and John. Younger children were Robert, 
Smith, Sarah (Mrs. Robert M'Clanahan) and Letitia, wife of 
Elijah M'Clanahan Robert's brother. From Robert, who mar- 
ried first his first cousin, Sarah Poage, descend Ripleys, of 
Kentucky, and the two famous daughters of Shakespeare Cald- 
well and Eliza Breckinridge, great-granddaughter of Alexander, 
the good old Elder of Tinkling Spring: "enough to make him turn 
over in his grave." For the two Caldwell girls were educated in 
a convent, and became ardent Romanists. Their great wealth en- 
abled them to build and endow the "Catholic University" at 
Washington. Their money also probably accounted for the mar- 
riage of the older, Mary Gwendoline Caldwell, to the Marquis des 
Monstriers-Merinville, and of the younger Eliza Lina to Baron 
von Zedwitz. Neither marriage was happy, and I think there 
were no children of the Marquise. Since writing this, the daily 
papers tell of the effort of young Baron von Zedwitz, a German 
officer in the World War, to recover his mother's American prop- 


erty. The two sisters were dominated by the priests until their 
later years, when they broke with them, and seemed to turn back 
to the faith of their fathers. One of them wrote a book which I 
have, "The Double Policy of the Papacy." At her death I saw in 
the Baltimore Sun that she "died in the bosom of Mother Church," 
and that she was insane when she wrote her book ! which had the 
honor of being placed in the Index Expurgatorius by the Pope. 
From Robert, also, by his second wife, Letitia Preston, de- 
scended Vice-President John C. Breckinridge, Hon. W. C. P. 
Breckinridge, the "silver-tongued orator" ; Clifton Breckinridge, 
Minister to Russia, who married your father's friend, Kate Car- 
son; Rev. Dr. Robert J. Breckinridge; Rev. Dr. Benjamin Breck- 
inridge Warfield, of Princeton Seminary ; Judge Samuel Miller 
Breckinridge whose splendid life of service came to its end on the 
floor of the General Assembly while speaking; and other notables, 
brilliant men and charming women. Among the latter were the 
three fascinating daughters of Frances Breckinridge and Rev. 
John Clark Young, who married Rev. Dr. Gelon H. Rout, Rev. 
Dr. Rutherford Douglas and Rev. Dr. E. Rutherford. Carolina, 
sister of Mrs. Young, married Rev. Dr. Bullock, the welcome 
witty guest in my father's house. Once when my mother gave 
a breakfast party for him, with D. D.'s and reverends and divi- 
nity students for guests from the University, the conversation 
turned on ministers' wives, and Dr. Bullock urged my mother to 
find a wife for one of the guests, an incorrigible bachelor. She 
described two sisters, their intellectual attainments, their social 
position, their excellence in all housewifely arts, their devotion 
to the Church, their comfortable patrimony. Dr. Bullock with his 
urbane bow, "What a wonderful catalogue, Mrs. Woods, but I 
notice one item you have omitted ; may I ask. Are they comely ?" 
It brought down the house. "O you preachers !" said my mother. 

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The father of my grandmother, Mary Bryson Woods, was 
born on the ocean. He was James and had a younger brother, 
Samuel. I had a letter once from a Mr. Bryson, of Mechanics- 
burg, Pa., telling me that in 1748 two brothers came together 
from Ulster, Robert and James, and it seemed to him that 
Robert's son, James, was our James Bryson. 

Bryson is a good old Scottish name, with "an earldom some- 
where" and my grandmother gloried in everything Scotch and 
Presbyterian. My father and his cousins spelled the name Brison, 
but it is Bryson on all the old family tombstones we saw together 
at Mifflintown, Pa., in all the court records, and in my great- 
grandfather's commission, the same. James Bryson had an un- 
usually good education and studied law. 

While scarcely more than a boy he was "Captain of the King's 
Troops on the Frontier" 1759, and in 1777 was commissioned 
again as captain in the Revolutionary War "to defend the frontier 
against the Indians." After the war, he was the first Prothono- 
tary of Pittsburg. His brother, Samuel, was lieutenant, and was 
at the Yorktown surrender, so became one of the Cincinnati. It 
seems hard that the membership was confined to those actually 
present at Yorktown ; so that James Bryson, of higher rank, 
greater responsibility and much longer and more arduous service 
than Samuel, was not included. He married Lydia, born 
M'Dowell, the widow of IJeut. Parker, by whom two sons. Her 
Bryson children were: i. Oliver married Mary Wylie, eight chil- 
dren with descendants in Missouri and California. 2. Sarah mar- 
ried John Henry M'Kee. 3. Mary married Thomas Woods. 
4, Parthenia. 5. Rebecca married Andrew W'oods and had eight 
sons of whom Cousin Bryson Woods "Captain" by courtesy in 
the steamboat business, and Elder in the old First Church of New- 
Orleans, was the oldest; and Cousin Frank, pastor at Martins- 
burg, W. Va., was the youngest. 

My grandmother was a very brilliant woman. Tall, stately in 
figure, fair, a magnificent physique, never tired: she was a great 
talker, very social, an admirable raconteur. Her memory was 
wonderful. She knew all the Psalms, practically all the New 


Testament, and the whole Bible was familiar to her. She could 
recite Shakespeare, Burns and Scott by the hour. She said that 
in the early days when there were no proper roads and the few 
libraries in homes were small, a new book was a treasure beyond 
price: it would be loaned from house to house and learned by 
heart ! Then as they sat about the fireplace in the evenings, with 
no other light than the blazing pine and hickory, there would be 
a contest to see who could recite longest and remember most. 
Also they told long tales for each other's entertainment — all the 
legends of the family — the children knew them all. To such 
memories so trained, the Shorter Catechism was a mere incident 
and child's play ! 

Their clothing was mostly spun and woven at home. Her 
mother had a slave woman who was so famous for her smooth 
carding of wool that the neighbors would spin for "Grandma 
Bryson" in return for Scylla's carding. Grandmother was mar- 
ried at i6. Until then in those bitter Pennsylvania winters, she 
had never had a high-necked or long-sleeved dress ! They wore 
large fichus and long gloves of tanned lambskin, white and 
smooth, and they had "pelisses" of satin wadded, and long large 
wadded hoods. Wheeled vehicles were almost unknown in her 
childhood ; there were nothing that could be called roads ; but 
they had sleighs and plenty of horses. 

Two stories of hers, of those early times, thrilled me with 
delicious shivers. A little daughter went to the spring for water 
in her father's absence, and stooping, saw in the bushes about it, 
a single bright eye looking right into hers! \\'ith the wonderful 
self-control that peril taught, she took no notice of it, quietly went 
back with her burden. But she quickly told her mother and they 
doubled the usual barricade, and made a smoking fire. Presently 
they heard efforts made to move door and shutter, but the father 
returning found all safe. 

The other told of an Indian who had been fed and had a 
swollen arm treated. One night he came and told of a massacre 
planned, led the mother, father and two wee babies safely by 
labyrinths and by-ways to a refuge. Three other neighbour 
families were slain that night; their house was pillaged and 
burned, but they themselves reaped gratitude's reward. 


Grandmother's social charm was greatly appreciated in her new 
home in Wheeling. Mrs. Adams told me that when she was a 
child (and Grandmother in early middle life), she one day used 
the word "fascinating." "You don't know what that means," said 
some one. "Yes, I do." "Well, what does it mean?" The dif- 
ficulty of definition confronted her. "It means — it means — oh, 
it means Mrs. Tommy Woods!" (This story recalls the colored 
maid at W^ayne, who said, "Miss Anne Russell is the most 
faxinatin young lady I ever saw.") 

My small Tolls will not think me fair, unless I tell how their 
mother "Merle" was described as "adaptable, reliable, lovable, in- 
dispensable," by a lady for whom she taught. 

Grandmother's cousins the Huidekopers delighted in her yearly 
visits. Mrs. Alfred Huidekoper described to me her animated 
talk, her beautiful hands and their eloquent motions : with a vivid 
remembrance of her saying, "I believe in good blood — blood tells." 
That when she arrived there would be a succession of dinings 
at the dififerent houses, and that, however, scattered the company 
might be at the beginning, in the drawing-room, before long they 
would all be clustered about her chair "like bees at honey," She 
never realized her wish to see Europe, but she traveled widely 
in this country and knew many distinguished and interesting peo- 
ple. She and her daughter who was afterwards Mrs. Polhemus, 
were guests on the first steamboat down the Mississippi, a large 
party given by the president of the company. They arrived 
early and she remarked on entering, "We are the first; but no — 
there is some one I know," and she walked across the room ex- 
tending her hand smilingly to her own reflection in a large mirror ! 
History repeated itself in my own experience in Hotel Victoria, 
New York, where a turn in the corridor was masked by the 
whole wall a mirror without frame, and I, alone, was so glad to 
meet some one I knew, whose name I could not recall, but who 
came to meet me, smiling! 

For some years Grandmother lived in New Orleans with her 
younger son. An old friend of hers in Washington, Pa., told 
me of a visit she paid her friends there after her return. She 
had lived in "little Washington" years before when her three 
sons were in college, and had many friends. After a dinner given 
in her honor, she was telling the eager circle about her, of her 


New Orleans life, mentioning Col. This and Gen. That and Judge 
Somebody else. One old lady, rather envious of all these good 
times, said, "I declare, Mrs. Woods, when you go to Heaven, 
you'll expect to associate with the Apostles and Patriarchs." 
"Well," replied my grandmother, "Why not?" 

Her last days were spent in Baltimore, where she had a house. 
When I was there in 1904, an old friend, the wife of her lawyer, 
told me that she said she came to Baltimore to put her earthly 
affairs into Mr. Smith's hands and her heavenly affairs into Dr. 
Dickson's. But Dr. Dickson was shortly called to be Home 
Mission Secretary in New York. She then went to the First 
Church, very near her home ; but later was a charter member of 
Brown Memorial, along with the Smiths. 

Grandmother was forty years a widow; unlike her mother, 
never willing to change her lot. Much admired and courted, 
she refused many suitors. Father used to laugh about a father 
and son who paid court at the same time to her and her daughter. 
They were very elegant gentlemen of one of the oldest and wealth- 
iest families in St. Louis, and their friends all thought it would 
be a double marriage; but my aunt married Mr. Polhemus and 
Grandmother not again. She was intensely patriotic and parti- 
san, and never forgave Father for his Southern sympathies with 
Virginia when she seceded. She herself was Pennsylvanian, first, 
last, all the time; spoke of its picturesque sylvan name, just as 
she did of her name Woods — "a forest with waving branches 
and springing flowers and sunshine filtering through the leaves, 
singing birds and rippling brooks — all alive," she said, "in contrast 
with the name Wood — "dead timber" — which she disliked being 
called. You remember Betty, "Don't you niggers call me out 
of my entitlewi^n^" 

I shared her feeling. When as a young girl of 14 my mother 
wisely refused to allow me the attentions of the boys, she wanted 
me to be polite to one of the students, very persistent and em- 
barrassing to me; he was a student for the ministry and there- 
fore often a visitor at our house. He called me "Miss Wood" 
and when I had several times objected in vain, I one day said, 
"Do you know I think you very dishonest?" "Oh, I'm sorry. 
Why?" "Every time you speak to me, you deprive me of one- 
fifth of my rightful inheritance, my name." 


My grandmother's last visit to my father's house in February, 
1871, found her changed and softened. She told a cousin who 
lived with us that she meant to change her will which excluded 
him and us children, because he would not preach during the 
war where he was expected to pray for the success of the Fed- 
eral arms. But she was paralyzed and died in April without 
making the change, so we were left "the children of Edgar 
Woods" only as residuary legatees in case of my uncle's death 
without heirs. He about seven years later married and had two 
daughters. I remember how that summer of 1871, just after 
I left school, we children were called to our front porch, that 
each should be recognized by some legal official as possible heirs. 
My father never recovered from the hurt his mother's slight gave 
him, and my mother always felt sorely against her for his pain, 
when he had been so good and devoted a son to her. 

What a queer paradox that he should lose one fortune because 
he ivould preach, and then another because in that critical time 
he would not! Each time he followed his conscience to his loss. 
He preached often in mission work, but would accept no charge 
while the war lasted. 

She had lived with us until I was seven. I slept with her, and 
we would "choose" the flowers and birds in the French chintz can- 
opy of the big four-post bed, before we rose in the morning. She 
taught me to read before I was four ; and we sang the alphabet and 
all the multiplication table before I could read it — in these morn- 
ing hours. I was the darling of her heart, but she was very firm 
with me, and my mother thought, sometimes hard. A member of 
my father's church in Columbus, Ohio, returning from Europe, 
brought me the first children's books with colored illustrations — 
fairy stories. It was the winter before I was four in July, and 
I wanted the stories read to me as others had been. But no, she 
said, I must read for myself, which with such an inducement, 
I promptly did. On a Wednesday night in March, father and 
mother had gone to church. Grandmother had a cold, and I sat 
cuddled in her lap, telling her the story of Jack and the Beanstalk 
which I had just read. Presently it was time to go to bed. With 
thoughts of Guzzlegrutch I begged that Mary the nurse might go 
with me. Oh, no a big girl like me could not be afraid. So up 
I went to our room, the very farthest corner from where she was 


— no one on that upper floor but my little sleeping brothers. 
When nearly asleep myself, a big wind roared in the blazing grate 
up the chimney — and I heard Guzzlegrutch cry, "Fee, fo, fi, fum, 
1 smell the blood of an Englishman." Out I sprang, barefooted, 
clearing the bed and downstairs to Grandmother. "The Giant is 
after me" ! I well remember how good her arms felt and the soft 
bosom to which she hugged me tight, and comforted me. Then — 
"You must go back to bed." "You will come with me" (my 
precious, timid mother would have thought of nothing else). 
"No, you must go alone." "Oh, do let Mary go." "No. Do 
you not believe that God takes care of you?" "Y-e-s." "Well, 
then you do not need anybody." "But, Grandmother, I am afraid." 
Then she said my fairy tales were "make-pretends" like my every 
day plays ; but if I was going to make them into "af raids" I could 
not have them any more ; there were no giants, no wicked fairies ; 
but even if there were, God could take care of me, and would. 
Then she had me kneel down and say my prayers again ; and she 
also prayed God to keep me and not let me be afraid. And then 
she sent me off through the dim lighted hall and stairs to the 
chamber where the fire still roared up the chimney. But I was 
no longer afraid, and I have really hardly known fear since. 
Her treatment of the frightened child was heroic; but it was 
effective. In later years, however, the roaring wind brought many 
a tremor ; for about six years after, in a terrible storm in Wheel- 
ing, a Lutheran Church close by us was blown down, and little 
children at school in the basement killed; an agonized crowd of 
German relatives filling our street with lamentations. It was a 
terrible shock to a tender-hearted child of nine. 

The summer of 1859 she took me with her on a tour of visits. 
We spent the night at Qeveland, and it was my first experience 
of a hotel. A wedding party from Columbus, whom we knew, 
were having a merry time. There was a little boy who played 
with me, and we went out upon a balcony where I saw the 
lighted city and the lake. It made a deep impression, and is a 
distinct picture today after sixty-two years ! The little boy asked 
me to m.arry him — children are so imitative, and gave me a 
cornelian ring. We went by boat to Erie, where we were guests 
of General and Mrs. Wilson, he the president's uncle. I played 
with Harry Wilson, the ten-year-old son, and we "kept store" in 


the vine-covered summer-house, and had such good times that 
he said he would hke me to be his wife when we grew up. I 
explained that I had promised the boy in Cleveland. But this 
experienced man of the world was "sure I liked him better" ( !) 
and we raced away to the porch to ask Grandmother to write 
to the Cleveland boy breaking off the engagement. How they 
laughed! I was not quite five! When I was about 16, he sent 
me his picture and said he was ready to keep his engagement. 
But we never saw each other. From Erie we went to Mead- 
ville by stage-coach and had a royal time at various Huidekoper 

That enchanting summer of '59 ended at Wheeling where again 
we had a round of visits with various relatives and friends. Mr. 
Crangle was driving us in a buggy to his sister's home "down 
the river" when his fine horses ran away before leaving town, 
and threw us out. The scar I got on my forehead is still to be 
felt under the skin unseen, a dent in the skull itself, but my dear 
grandmother did not come off so easily. Her leg was broken, 
and though her magnificent health gave her a record recover}', 
the setting must have been faulty, for she always limped after 
that. When she visited Charlottesville in '71 she came on to 
Staunton to see me at school. Her plan was to have me in 
Baltimore the next winter to go on with my music. But in 
April she passed away, just before I graduated in June, 


Several families of M'Dowells came to Pennsylvania about the 
same time. One brother, Ephraim by name, a very old man, 
came on to Virginia and was the first settler on Borden's Grant, 
1737. He was the father of Capt. John Al'Dowell, who married 
Magdalena Woods. Ephraim's brother, Andrew, had "come 
over" about 1725, was in Philadelphia that year. His son, An- 
drew, followed with brothers and sisters in his care in 1729, in 
the "George and Anne" of which voyage Charles Clinton* wrote 
so tragic an account; ninety-eight deaths in those four and a half 
slow months of sailing — among them ten M'Dowells. From 
'"Lough of Foyle" — in Ulster — "ye 29th day of May 1729" till 
they "discovered land on ye continent of America, in Pensilvania, 
ye 4th day of 8 br, "four months and a week," where now we 
speed easily in six days! "By what hardships, what noble effort 
of theirs are we gainers" ! The elder Andrew was busy recruit- 
ing for the "Second Pennsylvania Battalion of Colonial Troops" 
of which he was commissioned Lieutenant-Colonel and his 
son, Andrew, Captain; the same day, June 4, 1759. Cap- 
tain Andrew M'Dowell married Sarah Shanklin or Shankland, 
at Port Lewes, Del. Justice Harlan, of United States Supreme 
Court, claimed kin because his wife was a Shanklin. My 
grandmother remembered her sampler. "Sarah Shanklin is 
my name, America my Nation, Port Lewes is my Dw-elling 
Place, and Christ is my Salvation." They had five children : 
I. Dr. John, a surgeon in the Revolutionary War. His daugh- 
ter, Sarah — my grandmother's first cousin — married Judge John 
Reed, of Carlisle — my grandmother Baker's first cousin ; their 
granddaughter was Cousin Sarah Watts Rose, of Harrisburg, and 
Mechanicsburg, Pa. ; very active in Colonial Dames of Pennsyl- 
vania, who gathered a very complete genealogy, written out for 
her in wonderful fashion by the husband of her only daughter, 
Frederic Wm. Cohen, a New York architect, their home at Upper 
Montclair ; three children. In 1920 he sent me in Richmond a great 
sheet, 30 X 84 inches, with all the ramifications of their family, 

*This Charles Clinton was the founder of the family distinguished in New 
York annals. 


both sides, in astounding hundreds, beautifully clear. Cousin 
Sarah's only son, Wm. Watts Rose, a West Point graduate, mar- 
ried ; one son ; resigned from the army, Lieutenant-Colonel, Octo- 
ber, 1919, after the World War. 

2. Alexander M'Dowell, also of Carlisle, married Rebecca Wil- 
son ; five children. 

3. Esther married Andrew Colhoon ; three daughters. 

4. Lydia married first Lieut. Parker; second Capt. James Bry- 
son, my great-grandfather. 

5. Rebecca married Rev. James Anderson ; her daughter, 
Susannah, married Col. John Woods, son of Michael. 

Esther, Mrs. Colhoun (Colquhoun), died leaving three chil- 
dren who were brought up by their aunt, Mrs. Bryson, and so 
foster-sisters of my grandmother who was very intimate with 
them always. 

Grandmother used to tell of this pretty "Aunt Esther" who 
died before she was born and who had a romantic interest to 
the children. Her lover whose name is forgotten, was perhaps 
in her father's command, and was killed in the French and 
Indian War just before their marriage day, when she was 16; 
she always wore his ring, and turned a deaf ear to many suitors, 
but finally about ten years after his death "contented but not 
happy" she married the choice of her parents, Andrew Colhoon ; 
with whom she is said to have lived happily, after all, and did 
not long outlive him. Esther's oldest daughter, Rebecca, mar- 
ried Herman Huidekoper who came from Holland as one of a 
great Land Company. He became possessed of large holdings 
in Western Pennsylvania, which made all his family wealthy. 
They might have been far wealthier, for Cousin Alfred told me 
how his first business trip was a tiresome horseback ride to certain 
barren hilly acres, hundreds of them — to give legal warning to 
squatters, as otherwise they could claim the land. The first time 
it was an adventure; but year after year, it seemed to cost in 
taxes and trouble more than it was worth, and finally they sold 
at "about a dollar an acre," and the next year oil was found there, 
and "millions in it" ! 

The home of Harm Jan and Rebecca, called "Pomona Hall," 
was ideal. Grandmother used to tell how they always "portioned" 
their maids on their marriage, and the flow of kindness to all 


within reach. The children were trained in the Bible and the 
Catechism, and "love was the law." The effect was shown in 
all that generation. The children were Alfred, Edgar, Anna, 
Frederic and Elizabeth. The one I loved best was Cousin Alfred. 
About the time I was twenty, he wrote to father about some 
family matter, and father being ill just then, I answered ; from 
that time we corresponded until his death. He took great 
interest in my reading, sent me many books and frequent copies 
of the Christian Register, the Unitarian paper. For, about 1825, 
when a great wave of reaction against the severe teaching of 
extreme New England orthodoxy swept over the country, the 
Huidekop€rs became strong advocates and supporters of the 
nx>vement. Frederic became a preacher and professor in the 
Seminary they built at Meadville, and Anna married Dr. James 
Freeman Clarke, the great Boston preacher. In the next genera- 
tion some of the family drifted into the "ethical culture" of Dr. 
Felix Adler ; but most of them displayed the most beautiful type 
of their unfortunate belief, as it must seem to us. In December 
of 1872, returning from Rochester, N. Y., where I had been 
with your grandmother and Dr. Watkins, I visited Cousin Alfred 
and Cousin Catherine : a time of deep snow, and most of the 
connection had fled to warmer climes ; but I had a beautiful heart- 
warming time. I was especially sorry to miss his daughter, 
Emma, Mrs. Cortazzo, who was for years my friend and cor- 
respondent ; with her daughter, Kathrina, she was in Italy. Cousin 
Elizabeth, who never married, was also absent, to my great regret 
— my grandmother's dearest cousin. Her house and her brother 
Edgar's were the chief memories of my childhood visit; Edgar's 
children, Elizabeth and Rush, were my playmates ; their mother, 
a charming woman, was a Philadelphia Shippen. 

Lizzie and Rush had a playhouse with four rooms, big enough 
for people to come into; but with furniture suitable to our size, 
and a kitchen complete ; how we enjoyed it ! Lizzie married 
Henry P. Kidder, the banker of Boston, much older than her- 
self ; his wedding present, the newspapers discovered, was a forty- 
thousand dollar diamond necklace! Her younger brother, Rush, 
when grown, was a distinguished physician of Philadelphia. After 
practicing on humans for some years, the loss of a favorite horse 
turned his attention to veterinary surgery, and for years 


he was its professor in the University of Pennsylvania. 
The oldest brother of this family was Gen. Henry Huidekoper, 
whose daughter is the wife of Edmund Monroe Smith, Professor 
of Roman and Comparative Law in Columbia University. An- 
other brother, Edgar, lives at Meadville, and is interested in 
family history, and "clannish." Another brother was Frederic, 
who was vice-president of the Southern Railway, so proud 
of his two brilliant sons, one of whom is the author of valu- 
able studies of Napoleon's campaigns, used at West Point. 
Cousin Frederic was the one who hunted us up in Baltimore 
the winter of 1903-4, an elegant old gentleman, so kind and 
affectionate, urging us to come over to Washington for a 
visit, saying that there was nothing like Virginia hospitality ; 
but I, who knew the beautiful and whole-hearted Huidekoper 
hospitality at its source, Meadville, could not agree with him. 
It was delightful to hear him talk of his sons, the wonderful 
education they had enjoyed, Harvard and Oxford, and vacations 
in special work on the continent. I remember the twinkle in his 
eye as he wound up with "and the people in Washington tell me 
they are also the best horsemen and the best dancers in the city." 

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There were Bakers in Virginia from the very early days, who 
were said to be of our kindred. A Lawrence Baker was one of 
the first vestrymen in Isle of \Mght Parish, and there was a 
James Baker connected with Nathanael Burwell as early as 1733, 
his name appearing in leases as grantor, who may have been a 
kinsman. But my aunt, Mrs. Wm. Morgan, whom you remem- 
ber as "Grandaunt," was told by her grandfather that his father 
came over with Lord Fairfax, a young orphan kinsman, the 
grandson of Col. Henry Baker, who was military Governor of 
Londonderry, and died of the fever that made havoc during 
the great siege. This young Baker lived at Greenway Court 
and acted as secretary and librarian to Lord Fairfax. He was 
also closely connected with the Burwells and Corbins : one of my 
grandfather's brothers bore the latter name. There is the name 
of no Baker of our family on the rolls of the Revolutionary Army. 
Grandaunt said this fact irked them much. But they were too 
closely bound by ties of kindred and gratitude to Lord Fairfax 
who was Tory and loyal to the King to the last ; when the tidings 
of Cornwallis' surrender came his frail old body succumbed to 
the shock of disappointment and he died. Grandaunt was grieved 
that none of the Bakers fought for Independence, but she was 
proud of their grateful loyalty to the old gentleman. Their at- 
titude was well understood by their neighbours, for they elected 
Samuel Baker lieutenant in their militia not very long after. 

The fostering care of Lord Fairfax had provided his yoimg 
kinsman a good estate, and saw him settled with wife and chil- 
dren. Curiously enough, his Christian name is an uncertainty to 
us. The old family Bible was sent "for safety"' by Aunt Nancy 
to Uncle Corbin, early in the Civil War; but it never reached its 
destination. When my grandfather spoke of him, he was just 
"Grandfather." Grandaunt's theory that it was Samuel, because 
his oldest surviving grandson was so named, is not proved ; 
neither is the idea that there would have been a Thomas Fairfax. 


Only three children survived of that first generation, born in 
V^irginia ; evidently others died ; there were many years between 
James and his brother Samuel. In the old Parish book I found 
Henry Baker associated with Burwells and others in the care of 
the poor; and though well-to-do not as wealthy as these rich 
neighbors. So, as Henry Baker is the only one I could find in 
the records, I am inclined to the belief, in the absence of that 
lost Bible, that Henry was the father of James. 

The researches of Elizabeth Baker, of Chicago, through Mrs. 
Fothergill, an accomplished professional genealogist of Rich- 
mond, Va., seem to establish Samuel : as a will is recorded with 
three heirs, James, Samuel and Elizabeth. 

Henry, James or Samuel, whichever it was, married Elizabeth 
Brown, whose "two brothers moved to North Carolina and thence 
to Tennessee, where one of the family was Governor." Their 
oldest surviving child, James, was, at his father's death, left 
guardian of Samuel and Elizabeth. When she was fourteen she 
was sought in marriage by Judge Wm. Cooke, a man much her 
elder; but her brother gave her to him, saying "it was better for 
her to be married to such a man of high character and good 
position, rather than be the prey of fortune-hunters." In her 
husband's absence at court, Elizabeth w^ould play with her dolls 
under the high old canopied bed ; when the servants saw him 
coming at the end of the long avenue leading to the house, they 
ran to tell her ; then she would drop the valence, "put away 
childish things," don her cap, then the badge of matronhood, and 
go forth to meet her liege-lord. He was "presiding judge" and 
afterward high sheriff. "Willow Brook," their home, was "the 
abode of good cheer and charity," and she was known as one 
of the sweetest and gentlest of womankind, living to be eighty- 
three. Judge Giles Cooke, of Front Royal, a prominent lawyer 
and Elder in the church, is her great-grandson. So are the Ma- 
sons and Kendalls whom you know. Cousin Martha Mason, 
Floy Fendall's mother, was a most impressive old lady, an old 
portrait come down from its frame, very handsome and stately 
with the most wonderful headdress I ever saw. She looked a 
queen at least, in a sort of turban made of folds upon folds of 
gauzy stuff, very narrow, very sheer, piled to a great height. 
You could well see that she and Grandaunt were kin ! 


A few miles from "Federal Hill" was "Greenwood," the home 
of Samuel, James' only brother, another place of plenty and 
hospitality. He married first Lucy Ship, two children; second 
Elizabeth Gamble, sister of Judge Gamble, Governor of Missouri. 
The family was prominent in Richmond, and gave its name to 
Gamble's Hill. There were five children, James Carr; Gamble; 
Anne, who married Lloyd Logan and had three children ; Eliza, 
who married David Pitman, and had a son, John, M. D. ; and 
Mary, who married Benjamin Alderson, and whose son is the 
Rev. Samuel Baker Alderson. Gamble married Lavinia Massey ; 
they had twin daughters whom I remember well, and our sorrow 
in Emma's sudden death; her sister, Venie, married Sam Neel, 
and their son married our lovely Fanny Stubbs. 

James Carr, the eldest of the five, married Susan Glass, 
aunt of the present Senator from Virginia; they had three 
children. The two daughters have been dear to us, "sweet of 
face and lovely in character" with the Baker dignity in attractive 
charm. The elder, Annie Glass, was won by the dashing chivalry 
of a brave soldier, Capt. Thos. Cartmell, who was afterwards 
many years Clerk of Frederick County. The memory of their 
home at "Ingleside" and my visits there, is very sweet. Their 
only child, Annie Lyle, married David Coupland Randolph. 
Elizabeth Gamble, the "Cousin Betty" you know and love, mar- 
ried Charles K. Bowers. Left a widow with little children, she 
showed a gallant front to the world, and brought up her three 
sons to worthy manhood. The oldest, James Baker, married 
his cousin, Louise Steele, and has six children. Gamble married 
Gertrude Rew and has one daughter ; Eugene, married Lillian 

The Bakers were "all noted for their good looks and high- 
bearing": tall with dark hair and beautiful black eyes. Mother, 
who got her lovely blue eyes from her mother, said the six hand- 
some brothers were very popular, and her father was the hand- 
somest of them all! These six were sons of James. When he 
was a gay young gallant, he fell in love with Anne, the pretty 
black-eyed only child of a strict old Scotchman, Colin Campbell, 
son of a Presbyterian minister. He did not at all approve of 
this young Episcopalian, with his rollicking ways. His wealth 
and good position in the neighborhood society weighed not one 


whit in the balance against his lack of "true religion." Colin 
Campbell knew all about the "killing time" and how his people had 
suffered at the hands of Episcopal persecutors under Charles II. 
His "Nay" was very emphatic. But bonny Nancy was of a con- 
trary opinion, and loved big James with all her heart. James' 
brother, Samuel, could wile the birds from the bushes with his 
blackbird's whistling. So one dark night Nancy listened to the 
agreed signal, tiptoed past the door where good old Colin slept a 
trustful sleep (she had no mother), and down to where James 
and Samuel waited; then up on the crupper and away to the 
parson. The marriage was a happy one and CoHn forgave. His 
will, written on his deathbed, makes his "good friend and well- 
beloved son-in-law" executor, leaving all his large wealth to his 
daughter and her heirs. This marriage brought the Bakers into 
the Presbyterian Church which may have helped Colin to forgive. 
James and Anne had a beautiful home at "Federal Hill." They 
were famous for their good management and everything 
prospered. As at the "Clover Hill" we knew, there were many 
slaves kindly trained; the finest cattle in the country, the best 
horses, the earliest chickens, the newest vegetables and fruit. 
The chatelaine was especially devoted to her garden. The first 
tomato ever seen in the county was brought to her "growing in a 
blue bowl" and was called a "love apple." Also the first petunia, 
sent her as a rare novelty. Their table was noted for being 
abundant, delicious and well served. Great-grandfather was in- 
terested in fruit, grafting, etc. He always saved the seed of a 
particularly fine peach or cherry, and planted it the same day 
in a fence corner, so the old worm fence had a perpetual nursery 
in its zigzags. He was a very fastidious old gentleman. When 
he came in from the plantation, he would pour a gourdful of 
water over his cane to take off the dust ! Then he would quench 
his thirst from the iced cedar bucket and say, "Good water in a 
sweet gourd is a thing to thank God for." One hot summer 
night, the bedroom doors all left open to catch the breeze, he 
heard his grandson get up for a drink of water, then scamper 
back and jump into bed; he called out, "Alex, Alex, I do believe 
you got back into bed without wiping your feet." My mother 
used to laugh at this, and say that her grandmother's floors were 
waxed to such perfection that there was no dust in the house! 


Another tale of his particularity was that he carried in his coat- 
tail pocket a fresh handkerchief each morning for the express 
purpose of testing his horse's grooming; if any mark showed 
from his satiny neck, back to the stable went the steed. His 
children joked of "Selim's Kerchief." Once when I sent back 
my horse at Pantops for better grooming (in a very different, 
post-bellum regime!) my mother said, "That's just like your 
great-grandfather," and then told the story. 

The Browns, his mother's people, were thought to be high- 
tempered, whereas the Bakers were noted for their self-control 
and gracious courtesy. If James ever showed impatience, sweet 
Anne Campbell would smile and say, "Come, come, Mr. Baker, 
do not let the Brown have the upperhand." The grandchildren 
remembered their home as a place of happiness and peace. He 
outlived her not two years, and in the last year of his life, sought 
another marriage, this time with a widow, Mrs. Morgan, whose 
only son married his granddaughter, and whose daughter had 
married his son; he must have thought "all good things are 
three" ! He Httle imagined that the letter he wrote her dated 
"Freder'k Cou'y May 19th, 1830," would be giggled over by his 

"Dear Madam: I hasten to communicate to you in writing 
what I intended to do verbally, but not having a proper 
opportunity when I had the pleasure of being at your house, 
I therefore now take the liberty of addressing you by 
letter, wishing to know of you, after your long widowhood, 
whether I could prevail on you to become a married lady once 
more by uniting yourself with me. I flatter myself we could live 
very happily together, and as there is already a happy connec- 
tion in our families, a further union would still enhance the 
pleasure. From my short acquaintance with you and your char- 
acter, I am induced to believe without doubt, that we could spend 
our remaining days in the utmost harmony. I frequently feel a 
loneliness for the want of an agreeable companion which I can- 
not overcome, notwithstanding I have so many children about me. 
This great chasm filled by yourself, would consummate my hap- 
piness while on earth, and I hope yours also. Let me entreat 
you to be kind to this solicitation, and acquiesce in the request. 
I hope you will not consider it presuming in me from the short 


acquaintance with you, to address you in this manner. I con- 
sider much ceremony in a man of my age would be unnecessary. 
We, I presume, could be of mutual advantage to each other in 
our worldly pursuits, for the benefit of our families. Our time, 
I think, might be very agreeably spent by alternately dividing it 
here and where you are. I hope, my dear Madam, you will come 
to a favourable decision by the time Mary will visit us and let 
me know. We can have further conference on the subject 
hereafter if agreeable to you. And I am in the Interim with 
sentiments of great regard and esteem. 

Yr. Obt. HI. St. 

J. Baker." 

Her "obedient humble servant" (as the fashion of the time 
dictated) was not very loverly. 

One misses the ardour which carried off Nancy Campbell. 
Doubtless Grandmother Morgan did, too, she did not consider 
the "mutual advantage" sufficient, and the "chasm" left by Nancy 
was too great for her to fill "on earth." So the six months 
remaining of his life they did not pass "alternately dividing" 
between Frederick and Fauquier. 

James and Anne Campbell Baker had ten children. 

The oldest child, Elizabeth, married Cyrus Murray, a Scotch- 
man of good birth and much wealth, but extravagant and of a 
terrible temper, probably excited by the drinking habits of the 
day. Such habits are happily almost a tale that is told now ; but 
even I can remember just before the Civil War, every sideboard 
had its decanters, and cake and wine were served ladies calling, 
as a matter of course ; but never in my father's house. 

A story of Cyrus Murray's temper was that one day in a 
passion he overturned the dinner table with a frightful crash of 
glass and china. Pretty hard on Aunt Betsy? 

Not long after my grandfather was married, Mr. Murray came 
and asked him to "go on his note" for a large amount, assuring 
him it would be paid in a few months. It was a thing commonly 
done — and expected among kindred in that day; and when my 
grandfather declined, saying he had promised his bride never to 
go security, his father was much displeased, came to son Samuel, 


insisting that every law of good breeding and family bond re- 
quired such a favor : to refuse would brand his brother-in-law as 
not an honorable man. My grandmother told mother that she 
knew she was "opening the door to sorrow," but she did not want 
to obstruct family peace and harmony, so released her husband 
from his promise. Within a year Cyrus Murray was bankrupt, 
and dead and my grandfather had the note to pay. It "kept him 
a poor man all his days" as far as money went ; and though they 
lived in comfort from their plantation, the profits of his business 
were nearly all absorbed. His wife and children felt that the father 
who had involved him, should have borne the loss. Cousin Baker 
Murray, the son, was a visitor in our home — lived in St. Louis 
and from a youth of poverty, built up a fortune. I remember 
him a kindly humorous old gentleman, a valetudinarian, careful 
of his diet, and repeating that "rice is the most digestible food 
in the world." 

3. James Baker, Jr., married Harriet Murphy; their daughter, 
Mary, Mrs. Gilkeson, of Staunton, was the grandmother of 
Mollie Brown, Mrs. S. S. Stubbs. 

4. William Baker married Maria Chunn ; five children ; the 
Clarks of Mississippi, the Collinses of Norfolk, Wm. Baker of 
Marshall, their children. 

5. John "Uncle Jack" of "Southern View," which dwells always 
in delightful memory, was one of the most superb looking men 
I ever saw, affectionate and hospitable ; he married Mary Morgan, 
sister of Grandaunt's husband and widow of Francis Brooke; 
no children. 

6. Anne, our beloved "Aunt Nancy," the dearest loveliest old 
lady in the sweetest daintiest caps, as I knew her; her flower 
garden is fragrant to me yet. She married George Brown, grand- 
son of Governor Brown, of Tennessee, son of the Governor of 
Missouri, and her cousin ; her only child, Anne, married George 
Bentley. Her beautiful portrait was always my delight. 

7. Sophia married Buckner Ashby ; seven children. 

8. Corbin married Dorcas Broome; eight children. 

9. Maria married Thomas Ingraham. 

10. Alexander married Caroline Hite, a niece of President 
Madison ; six children. The only ones I ever knew were Madison 
and Lelia, both unmarried. 



Samuel Baker, second child and oldest son of James and 
Anne, married Eliza Strawbridge Reed, the Strawbridge for a 
friend of her mother's ; they had eight children, of whom four 
married and had children. I remember Grandfather as a quiet 
man, a great reader, dignified, very courteous, very particular — 
a stately sort of old gentleman of whom I stood not a little in 
awe. He was somewhat a tease, and once when I was about 
eight years old, he told me he did not believe I could sit still ten 
minutes. I said I knew I could; he then offered me a quarter, 
and I well recall the endlessness of those ten minutes, for he 
would not let me read or speak, and sat looking at me with a 
quizzical smile, watch in hand. I eyed the clock ; as the minute 
hand crept to its mark, I jumped to my feet. "Grandfather, I 
said I could, and I did." "Well, another quarter. Miss Flibber- 
tigibbet, for another ten minutes." But not I ! 

While with us at Uncle James' he took cold attending the pre- 
paratory service before the Communion, when the church was 
cold; and died a week later, the next Sunday morning. May 3, 
1863. We children had come home from Sunday school to ask how 
he was — and it seemed strange to us to be kept home from 
church. His wife, in the prime of splendid health had been 
cut off together with her sister, "Aunt Cooper," by the cholera 
epidemic of 1854. 

After the sad record of his "good wife," her husband wrote. 
"She always made home agreeable." She was a power in the 
community at Martinsburg with very dear and devoted friends. 
Mrs. Strother, Mrs. Pendleton. Mrs. Faulkner and others ; her 
judgment and counsel were sought, and there was no sickness or 
trouble but they turned to her for help and comfort. She had a 
quick wit, great dramatic abiUty, and a talent for mimicry which 
only her kindly heart held in check. My mother loved to tell of 
her talent for drawing and modelling clay : her happy affectionate 
disposition, her merry ways, her silvery laugh. In all the financial 
troubles of her husband, his standing to his bond, "swearing to 
his own hurt, he changed not," she cheered him with a brave 
smiling face, and her good management kept the home com- 
fortable. Grandfather and his brother-in-law, Alexander Cooper. 


were the two Elders of the church. \\ hen the Martinsburg con- 
gregation rebuilt the edifice, these two and their wives had gone 
to their reward fifty years and more. And not one of their blood 
was left in the town. Yet built into the new church is a great 
window in memory of these four dear saints who gave the land 
and helped build the church ; and served it so faithfully. This 
tribute seems quite unparalleled. My grandfather's home was 
the stopping place of all ministers and missionaries. My mother 
used to laugh — for like her mother she loved to laugh — about a 
Scotch colporteur who was their guest. Grandfather, with his 
courteous custom, invited the old man to ask the blessing: "Say 
your own grace, mon ; and when you're no here, I'll say it for ye." 
Grandfather always put by all business early Saturday after- 
noon, came to the house, bathed, dressed in his best, and sat 
reading his Bible and the church paper : the "preparation" learned 
from the Scottish ways of sweet Anne Campbell, his admired 
and beloved mother. On one side of the fireplace Sunday after- 
noons he read the "Central Presbyterian" ; on the other, his wife 
the "Christian Obsen^er" ; my mother, the last child left alone in 
the house, in her little chair between ; and always there were 
apples and nuts and cakes to make Sunday sweet for the little 
child. My mother often spoke of the serene atmosphere, the 
sweet peace that radiated from them and made an ideal Christian 
home. Never a dispute between them, though their opinions were 
not always exactly alike, even in religious matters : never a harsh 
word from either to any one or of any one. 

Of their children four died unmarried, Mary Cooper, under 
two years; Eliza, three years; in 1849, Alexander Cooper, 31; 
and in 1850, William Walton, 23; these both died of "con- 
sumption." Their oldest child was James Reed, for his grand- 
father Baker with his mother's maiden name, recalling his grand- 
father the old Colonel. 

A story of his childhood always tickled us. Even in the house 
of a good, staunch Presbyterian Elder — then, they made "cherry 

Little James, a chubby boy of three, playing about, was afraid 
of a big gander who flew hissing at him and sent him flying to 
his mother every minute or two. Things very quiet for a while, 
she went to see. when, lo! old gander tumbling all over her 


flower border with precious new plants coming up. "James, 
James, what's the matter?" Round the house comes James rolling 
and staggering like a sailor. "Old dannie an' Dimmie eat dood 
che' wies" ! and there both had nibbled at a great tub of the dry 
cherry "must" which still had "bounce" enough. To think of 
our dignified stately uncle ever being that wobbly tipsy baby was 
too much ! 

He was my mother's beloved "Brother," and the devotion 
between them was constant and lifelong: his delight was to 
give pleasure to "Puss," as she was always called by her 
family, after the curious fancy for nicknames of the day. 
Other girls of Martinsburg were called "Sug" (Sugar), "Frog," 
"Toad," etc. I rememeber once when Mr. Strother, "Porte 
Crayon" was at our house, my mother asked for the health of 
his wife calling her "Frog," when he begged her not to mention 
such a name, his particular detestation ; and she begging pardon, 
said she really had never known her true name ! though intimate 
from childhood. Grandmother Woods greatly objected to Mother's 
being called "Puss." Father always called her "Marie." She 
herself had "Maria" associated with those rare times when she 
needed admonition or reproof in childhood; just as I had with 
Anne Eliza. My family always called me "Ida Woody," a name 
given myself when my nurse tried to teach me my name because 
gypsies were in the neighborhood and she feared I might be 
stolen ; so early I refused to sanction Ann Eliza. Uncle James 
took my mother with his wife on a long leisurely journey the 
summer after she was nineteen ; such excursions were not com- 
mon in those days, and they had a wonderful time, stopping for 
visits in Washington, Baltimore, New York, Niagara, Montreal, 
Quebec, Boston; she said they kept in the strawberry season all 
the way ! On the train from New York, Uncle James found 
that his pocket had been picked of his tickets ; but the conductor 
did not require him to pay again, saying that his honest face was 
proof and security enough. This would not be possible under 
the later system of tickets, but my mother always loved to recall 
the tribute. He had indeed a splendid face, fine eyes — full of 
uprightness and a kindly, generous heart. He made his home in 
Wheeling, now West Virginia, and prospered, becoming a 
wealthy man ; married Elizabeth Forsyth, one of the loveliest 


of women, intelligent, sprightly and full of gentle sweetness. 
Of their three sons, Forsyth, the great favorite of my childhood 
and always beloved, died young unmarried. 

II. Sam married Louisa M'Intire, a beauty, whom he met while 
on a visit to us in Charlottesville ; they lived in Chicago, where 
he made a great deal of money. Their four children were James 
Reed, like his father, successful in business, has one daughter, 
Elizabeth ; 2. Katharine married Dr. Wm. Houston ; 3. Elizabeth 
married John Symington, one son. Baker ; 4. George, Lieutenant, 
killed in the World War. 

III. William married Sue Blackburn, niece of Governor Black- 
burn, of Kentucky ; three children besides their oldest, an adopted 
son, who became their comfort and joy. 

The oldest daughter of Samuel and Eliza Baker, your "Grand- 
aunt," was named Anne Reed; her father counted her the name- 
sake of his beloved mother as well as of Anna Kennedy Reed, 
his wife's mother. She was a great beauty with sparkling black 
eyes and flowing raven curls in her youth — charming to the day 
of her death at 82. She married Wm. Morgan, one of the noblest 
of men. He and his two sisters, Mrs. "Jack" Baker and Mrs. 
Loughbourgh, inherited a great stretch of Fauquier in its loveliest 
part; their three estates joined, "Southern View," "Waveland," 
afterward sold by the Loughboroughs to Mr. Augustine Wash- 
ington after he sold Mt. Vernon ; and so his family became nearest 
neighbours to "Clover Hill." I can see the bevy of pretty Wash- 
ingtons, laughing and gay, come walking over a summer evening, 
to have supper with us on the big front porch: "handed" 
waffles and thin ham and honey; Lou, Jenny, Lila, Lizzie; 
Maria and Nelly, my comrades, still in the schoolroom. Maria 
went with us to Charlottesville, lived with us for some time and 
went to school with us. She married Rev. Beverly Tucker, now 
Bishop, and has a number of fine, remarkable sons. At Clover 
Hill "Grandaunt" was the presiding genius of their beautiful and 
hospitable home ; it remains the dream and the standard of all 
the family ; "like Clover Hill," a stamp of excellence, so it was 
known in all that neighborhood. But the war came and carried 
it all away : the armies swept back and forth. Years after, the 
floor of the wine cellar was moist and sticky; notwithstanding 
repeated scrubbings, it would ooze up with the mixture of wine 


and vinegar, whiskey and kerosene oil, which "befo de wah" was 
kept there and was poured all together from knocked-in barrel- 
heads, when "the Yankees came." Even the war could not have 
ruined Uncle William, but the same old bondage of security debts 
involved him. Others "took the Bankrupt Law," but he did not 
deem that honorable; his "name" stood for honor and honesty, 
and he paid the debt for money he never had. The hopeless ef- 
fort to right his fortunes killed him. 

He lives in the memory of his nephews and nieces as loving 
and lovable. He and his daughter, Anna, would rise in the dark 
cold winter mornings, eat cold bread (an affliction for a Virginian) 
and a cup of hot coffee, and ride horseback to the church at 
Salem (now Marshall), four miles on bad roads, to Sunday 
school, where he was superintendent and she teacher — though 
some unconquerable hesitation kept both from church member- 
ship; they would be on time, though others late, and sometimes 
even make the fire in the church ! 

We children had great times at Clover Hill. Breakfast was 
a late hour there, but we — half a dozen of us — white and a 
dozen black — were up by light summer mornings, out by the 
kitchen where "Aunt" Lucy had "ashcake" ready for us; then 
a race down the long hill to the spring house, where "Aunt" 
Sabry gave us mugs of buttermilk or sweet milk, and we sat on 
the retaining wall, kicking our heels and laughing over our 
good breakfast. Then over the hills and far away. A ruined 
mill, beside the "run" was our fort, and we fought the Indians 
and the British, with Lawrence and Walter Washington as 
aides. Further back in the hills was a mill in running order, 
which had great piles of sawed planks and "butt-ends" which 
we were allowed to play with. A box boat took the miller across 
the pond to his home, but to us it was the Argo and the ships 
of the Grecian fleet. We went after the Golden Fleece, and 
besieged Troy, which we built of the "butts." The parts were 
given out according to our success at marbles the day before. 
The victor was Hector living: the last on the list — always the 
youngest my little brother, Edgar, was Hector dead, and he 
would be dragged about the Trojan tower, another butt beneath 
him to save his skin ! Every story we read or studied we put 
into action. They were fine, free, happy days. Then far over 


the hills would come a halloo — and back we would race, to get 
ready for prayers and the delicious breakfast which "Aunt" 
Lucy's black hands had prepared ; not only had not our early 
ashcake dulled appetite, but if breakfast delayed, Uncle William 
would take us to the storeroom over the porch where the chief 
dainties were stored, and find sponge cakes or raisins for us ! 

When he was gone, Clover Hill sold, my aunt's dower reserved, 
kept her in fair comfort for her life; she removed, with her 
daughters and youngest son, to Charlottesville, near us. She 
lived there many years, a great social favorite, cheerful under 
her great losses, and generous as ever in her reduced means. 
I never heard her repine at the loss of her great wealth and life- 
long luxury. She was very fastidious. To a servant who spoke 
of a "clean napkin," she would say, "Napkins are supposed to 
be always clean ; you may bring a fresh one." So a small boy 
was not allowed to mention a "dirty" handkerchief, though the 
fact bore him out: "a gentleman" might have a "soiled" one. 

Flattered and admired all her life, she savoured a compliment 
mightily. One day when very old a friend told her she had a 
"trade" for her; some one had said Mrs. Morgan was "such a 
lady." Most indignant was she ! "Well, of all things ! I should 
hope so !" Her last birthday, at 82, we planned a party for her 
at Pantops, with all the clan invited, though we ourselves were 
at Nantucket. It made her very happy. My mother's children 
were much to her, and she was devoted to us. She thought 
"Anne Russell" and "Merle" the most perfect children that ever 
lived, and had them called her "Grandaunt" since she had none to 
call her "Grandmother." None of her children married. The 
daughters were courted and admired, but it was whispered that 
the mother's ambition prevented for each a marriage which would 
have been happy. Anna Kennedy, the older, was our model of 
everything good. She was much at Pantops with us, and took 
the greatest delight in you children, your dear "Aunt Nan." 
Wlien "Nanna" was taken from us, we felt we c»uld not live 
without her. "Aunt Lill," the younger daughter you know well, 
her cheerful acceptance of life, her unselfish endurance and help- 
fulness, her devotion to the church and every good cause. There 
were three sons, James and Samuel, who fought in the Civil War, 


and whom you knew in failing health, and William, who was 
always so kind and interested in you. 

Colin Baker married Louisa Woods, my father's cousin; eight 
children. They lived in \\nieeling, but after the Civil War re- 
moved to St. Louis, and we have seen nothing of them for many 
years. Their four daughters married well, and their children 
are very prosperous. 

Maria Cooper, my dear mother, was the youngest and for 
many years the only child at home. She went to school at her 
sister's in Fauquier, and the elder Morgans were like brother 
and sister to her. I need not tell you of her, for you were blessed 
in knowing her yourselves. 

Of all my mother's loveliness in youth and age, her beauty, her 
grace, her charm, her noble character, her sweet disposition, her 
wonderful self-control, her fine-poised judgment, her merry heart, 
her devotion to God's service, her exquisite love for her husband 
and children, how can I begin to tell ? 




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Quite a colony of Reeds came together to "Penn's Manor" 
before 1730, Scotch people from Ulster. Their names had been 
found as "Landholders" on the Hamilton estate, and May 23, 
1683, among "Presbyterians of importance to be moved from 
Ulster to Munster because of political opinions," we find James 
Reed, Andrew Reed, Sr., and Andrew Reed, Jr. It may have 
been this James Reed's sons, Samuel, Joseph and Wm., who 
came forty years after, tired of being "moved" and otherwise 
harassed as "Presbyterians of importance." They decided to 
do the moving themselves ! Samuel Reed and his wife, Sarah, 
had a son, James, who married Margaret Floyd; they had seven 
sons and two daughters. James was Colonel in the Revolutionary 
War, and had in his regiment his seven sons and two sons-in-law, 
James Stephenson and Wm. McKesson. We children always 
glowed with pride when told how Mother Margaret blessed her 
sons in farewell and told them "never to come to her with a 
bullet in the back !" The Spartan mother was nothing in our 
comparison. The sons were James, Joseph, Benjamin, John, 
Samuel, Thomas, William ; five were officers. Lieut. Samuel was 
afterwards Colonel in the War of 1912 ; he married Anna 
Kennedy, and they are my great grandparents. When my father 
and I went to visit our relatives at Mifflintown, Pa., in 1896, my 
mother said, "Stop at York and look up my Reed records." So 
we spent the night at the big new Colonial Hotel with its dining- 
room on the roof, and a beautiful view from its windows on 
every side. Our arrival was rather amusing. A just married 
couple boarded the train we were leaving, racing at full speed 
across the wide platform to escape the merry crowd showering 
them with rice. Entering the hotel Father took ofif his hat, and 
the rice flew far and wide ; the clerk insisted on his taking the 
"bridal suite" ! The next morning we went to the Court House 
and there found all our people in innumerable deeds conveying 
land, a few of which I noted. I asked the clerk if there were 
any of the descendants of these numerous Reeds still about. 
"Yes," he said, "I think there are quite a few over in Paradise" 
(which proved to be a village not far away). "Oh, certainly," 


I replied, "I am sure there are many of them in Paradise !" 
This he thought an immense joke, and to everybody who came 
in he would whisper it, with smiles in our direction. 

I copied the following for its curious phrasing: "June 2, 1796, 
Charles, Absolute- Lord and Proprietor of Maryland and Avalon, 
Lord of Baltimore did grant and confirm ICK) Acres then, Oct. 25, 
1 73 1, in Baltimore Co. now in Chanceford Township Pa. to 
Joseph Reed and conveyed Jan. 19, 1777 to John Hooper by 
Joseph Reed's heirs." The ones that concern us are from Samuel 
Reed and Saroiv, his wife, 100 acres in Chanceford Township to 
David Crawford, June 21, 1765. On April 14, 1789, James Reed, 
of Hamilton Bann Township, and Margaret, his wife, 175 acres 
to Benj. Reed, the same date, 175 acres to Wm. Reed, 175 acres 
to Thomas Reed, to John Reed 212 acres. We wonder why 
John got more. Three years later Wm. and "Agness, his wife, 
called Nancy" deed "the same property conveyed by James Reed 
and Margaret, his wife, April 14, 1789," to Patrick M'Sherry. 
Samuel must have had his share before he moved to Martinsburg 
in Virginia, where he practiced law many years. My mother was 
told how he would come home from various courts with his 
saddle bags full of money ! There were few banks in those days, 
and almost no roads. He was "called out" as Colonel command- 
ing troops in the "Whiskey Rebellion" in 1794. 

There were three daughters : Maria, the oldest, named for her 
Grandmother Kennedy, was much older than the others, and after 
her mother's early death, took charge of her father's household 
and "raised the other two." She married Alexander Cooper. 
They gave the land and much of the money to build the Presby- 
terian Church in Martinsburg. Mr. Cooper and Samuel Baker, 
who married her sister, Eliza, were the Elders. 

When the church was rebuilt fifty years after their death, the 
church — not her relatives, none were left there — put in a large 
memorial window in remembrance of their loyal service. We 
only heard of it when it was all done. It is an honor I have 
never known duplicated. She was like a grandmother to my 
mother who was named for her. She had a great antipathy to 
cats, impossible to overcome. She was living at my grand- 
mother's the winter my mother started to school. One day the 
teacher gave the child a kitten, to her great delight. "But," said 


her mother, "you know Aunt Cooper cannot have a cat in the 
liouse." "Oh," said Httle namesake, turning to the one who 
loved her so, "O Aunt — but it is a Httle P'esbytemun tat" ! She 
remembered the loss as the only hardship from those dear hands 
always busy with kindness and indulgence to her. At the time 
of Cleveland's election, the Pantops Boys said to Baby Merle, 
"You're a Democrat, aren't you?"' "No, Sir, I'se a P'esbyteyan." 

The second daughter, EHza, married to Samuel Baker, was 
my grandmother. The third daughter was Margaret married to 
her cousin, James Brown — from her descend the "Cousin E" of 
your childhood (Miss EHza Watson Brown) the Youngs of 
Washington and the Taliaferros. 

Wm. Reed and Nancy Miller had six children: Mary, the 
youngest, married James Wilson ; her daughter, Jane, married 
Dr. John Paxton, of Princeton, their granddaughter is the wife 
of her cousin. Rev. James Paxton, D. D., of Lynchburg. The 
oldest of Wm. Reed's children was Judge John Reed, of Carlisle, 
Pa. A few months after my father was married, his mother went 
to visit her cousin, Mrs. John Reed, at CarHsle. Answering 
their interested inquiries about Edgar's bride, they found with 
pleasure that while Mrs. Reed was first cousin to the bridegroom's 
mother. Judge Reed was first cousin to the bride's mother. Al- 
ready under the Brysons I have told of their granddaughter, 
Sarah Watts Rose. Her interest in family matters was cease- 
less, and she gathered an immense quality of data. A visit I 
had once in her charming home in Mechanicsburg near Harris- 
burg, Pa., is an agreeable memory; and her daughter, Mrs. 
Cohen's cordial help in my own effort. I did not see Cousin 
Sarah's children : Mary Lee was married and at her own home, 
and Wm. Watts at West Point. He was a colonel in the World 
War. Another son of Wm., James Reed, married Eliz. Houston, 
from them the Whitakers of Wheeling, Merle's delightful hosts 
in her College days ; and Mabel Brown, the brilHant lecturer in 
Woman's Clubs of Norfolk and Richmond. 

From Mary Reed and James Stephenson are the Leverings, 
Boyds, Gillettes, Comptons and others. 

From Sarah (grandmother Reed's namesake) and W^m. 
M'Kesson are the Taylors and Greenways of Baltimore, some 
of whom I used to meet in Washington at the D. A. R. Congress. 








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"Three brothers" came to Virginia about 1730, David, Samuel 
and Hugh. Grandaunt said they were sons of a persecuted 
Presbyterian minister. They settled on "Bullskin," in what was 
afterwards Frederick County. 

The records of the Scotch settlements in Ulster are full of 
the name. 

1613, May 1st, land was conveyed to two David Kennedys. 
June 10, 1614, 1,000 acres to Gilbert Kennyday. The letters of 
"Denization" James I, 1617, mentions David Kennedy of Gort- 
villan. The Pynnam Survey of Ulster, 1619, mentions Gilbert 
Kennedy, and again in 1628 land sold to him, and 1,000 acres to 
David Kennedy. Of "Presbyterians of importance" to be moved 
May 23, 1683, from Ulster to Munster because of political opin- 
ions" are David Kennedy and Lieut. Col. Robert Kennedy. 
George Montgomery, son of Sir Hugh, married a daughter of 
Hugh Kennedy, of "Girvin's Mains." And most significant for 
our tradition, among ministers ejected May 23, 1683, are Rev. 
Anthony and Rev. Thomas Kennedy. The Earls of Cassilis are 

Our David Kennedy was with Washington in the Braddock 
Expedition, one of "the Blues" whom the dying old general 
babbled about, wishing he could live to show how changed his 
opinion of them was, since he slighted them so scornfully at 
Alexandria ; so Parkman tells us. The following is found in the 
Frederick County records : "Col. David Kennedy at a court held 
for Frederick Co., Va., 2nd of F'ebry., 1780, personally appeared 
in court and deposed upon the Holy Evangelist of Almighty God 
that he was appointed Quartermaster to a Troop of Lighthorse 
in the service of the Colony of Virg'a Com'd by Capt. Robt. 
Stewart in the year 1755 and served till the Troop was reduced. 
That in the year 1756 he was app. Dept. Comm'd under Dr. 
Thos. Walker to the Troops serving on the Virg'a Frontier, and 
served two years or three abouts. That in the year 1758 he 
was app. Quartermaster to the Virg'a Regt. Com'd by Col'o 
Washington and also appointed Ensign in 2d Regt. in which 
capacity he served till the Regt. was reduced. That when a 


Regt. was raised in the year 1762 under Com'd of Col'o Adam 
Stephens, he was app. Lieutenant, under which Com'd he had 
been Quartermaster, and served till the Regt. was reduced. And 
that this is the first time of making proof of such service except 
as Lieut, in 2nd Regt. Com'd by Col'o Stephens, and that he 
hath not before obtained land under the King of Great Brittains 
proclamation for any of s'd service except for s'd Lieutenancy." 
In February, 1777, he was commissioned Colonel in the Revolu- 
tionary Army. After the War he went to Kentucky to receive 
his grant of land, and was never heard from again. 

The Frederick County Records show another David Kennedy 
who died 1758. They also show that in 1825 Hugh Kennedy 
died in Kentucky and left an estate in Virginia to Washington 
and Jesse Kennedy for the benefit of his daughter, Susan Steele. 
These four Kennedys may have been nephews of Col. David ; 
he had no sons, his only child being his daughter, Anna, who 
married Col. Saml. Reed. His wife was Maria M'Kesson. She 
lived with her daughter, Mrs. Reed, an invalid, palsied and 
bedridden — remembered by her granddaughters as very lovely 
and patient, very indulgent to them, but very particular about 
manners and their appearance. The word "manicure" was un- 
known at that day, but all the generations of daughters have been 
taught "Grandma Kennedy's way" of pushing back gently the 
cuticle about their fingernails ! 

Little Peggy, her youngest grandchild, often naughty, would 
fly to grandma and hide behind the bedridden old lady, knowing 
her mother could not follow her with the proper punishment. 
Her sister, Aunt Cooper, who found her wilful and "trouble- 
some" as she grew up under her care, always ascribed it to that 
sparing of the rod. 

Mrs. David Kennedy was Maria McKesson. Nothing is known 
of her ancestry. There was an Alexander McKesson with three 
sons, Wm., James and Alexander, the first of whom married 
Sally Reed, whose brother, Samuel Reed, married Maria Mc- 
Kesson Kennedy's daughter; they may have been her brothers. 


Samuel Kennedy 


Samuel Kennedy, David's younger brother, married and had 
a daughter, Isabella, who married first John Daniel and second 
John Wilson ; their son, \Vm. Montgomery Wilson, married Mary 
Park; four children: Isabella, died young; Elizabeth; Samuel 
Kennedy ; John Park, 

Elizabeth married Col. Robert Sherrard and had three children : 
Robert, who moved to IlHnois ; John to Texas, and Mary, their 
older sister, who married John Stewart. Their home in Alex- 
andria was a place of beauty and hospitality, my mother's visits 
there a delight ; their four children the life-long friends of us all. 
Elizabeth "Betty" married George Jamieson, and Dr. J. Stewart 
Jamieson is their son. Anna married John Jamieson, whom my 
mother admired and loved. He, a boy when she was a happy 
guest in the Jamieson home, always called her his "first sweet- 
heart" ! Anna Jamieson's close co-operation with her husband 
an efficient Elder in the Alexandria Church, is remembered. After 
his death, in her home in Richmond she has given her strength 
and influence to the church's work and the comforting of the 
saints. John Calvin, the only brother, was the honored and 
blessed minister of the Gospel he loved, the pastor of the Church 
of the Covenant, Richmond, Va., thirty-four years, merged into 
Grace-Covenant before his lamented death. He married Daisy 
Barney, also active in the church's work. 

And Emma, the youngest, the "Cousin Em" you know, so love- 
ly and gracious, was through the first half of her brother's min- 
istry his unfailing strength and helper, active in every enterprise 
of his church with the great unheralded force that moves with 
mighty power. After his marriage, she became the wife of Mr. 
Marshall M. Gilliam the honored Elder of the Second Church 
whose length of service faithful and true, as Clerk of Session 
forty-six years, superintendent of Sunday school thirty-four 
years, and leader of the Bible class sixteen years, broke all 

Samuel Kennedy W^ilson married Mary Creighton; they had 
three children; two sons, Samuel and James, and their older 
sister, Mary, who married Washington Tabb and had four chil- 
dren: Mary, Charles, Laura, Cornelia. 



John Park Wilson married first his cousin, Maria Wilson, and 
second Eliz. Woodson Trent; her children were John Park, who 
lives in North Carolina, and has ten children. Of these is Rev. 
Willis S. Wilson and his sister, Lyde, who has given time and 
study to the history of the family, and evidently cares more for 
it than the rest of their tribe put together. 2. Maria, who 
married Col. Lawrence Marye; you remember her in Charlottes- 
ville, and how lovely she was. 3. Mary, who married Dr. Wm. 
Fuqua ; she lives with her only son, Lawrence Marye Fuqua, who 
has one daughter, Alice Rangeley. 4. John Calvin, the senior 
Elder now in Grace-Covenant Church, married first Anne Ran- 
dolph \^aughan ; they had eight children : Anne R. V., mis- 
sionary to China ; Pocahontas married Richard C. Wight ; 
their children : Ariana Randolph, Pocahontas Wilson, Eliz. Trent, 
Richard C, Jr., Virginia Matoaka; Elvira Peachy Grattan, 
whom' only ill health kept back from the missionary service she 
loves; Wm. Calvin married Olive Logan Gwynne; Julian 
Moseley married Alys Landon Clemmit; Eliz. Trent married 
Rev. Wilfred C. McLauchlin, China, and Gay \^aughan married 
Rev. Edw. Currie, China. 5. Henry. 6. Hampden married Mary 
Breitling, has three children, Wm. Franklin (married Lucy Har- 
rison, her son, Henry Harrison, married Lillie Tyler, children 
Hoge Tyler and Lillie Tyler), Albertine, Traylor. 

The old home in Berkeley County of Isabella Kennedy, Mrs. 
Wilson, she seems to have inherited from her father. It was 
a beautiful place, and my mother remembered as one of the great 
pleasures of her childhood her visits to her cousins at "Prospect" 
with her mother. In the Office of Patents in Richmond are 
found the following records: Nov. 10, 1760, Samuel Kennedy's 
Deed from Lord Fairfax for 130 A. in Hampshire Co. on 
Back Run and drain (i. e. slope) of Patterson Creek: "mines 
excepted." Nov. 11, 1760. The same 113 A. at Head of Brad- 
ler's Run. And then two which show the title to "Prospect." 
"Oct. 6, 1766. The Rt. Hon. Lord Fairfax, Baron of Cameron 
in that parte of Gt. Brittan called Scotland. Proprietor of the 
Northern Neck of Virg'a, To all to whom these present writing 
shall come, sends greeting: Know ye that for good causes, for 
and in consideration of the composition paid and for the annual 
rente hereinafter reserved, I have given, granted and confirmed 


by these presents for me my Heirs and Offs. and do give, 
grant and confirm to Samuel Kennedy Gent, a certain Tract of 
waste (i, e unimproved) and ungranted land on the South Side 
Back Creek in Frederick (this part afterwards Berkeley) Co. 
and bounded by a survey made by John Mauzy beginning at a 
Corner Gum by the Creek side opp. one Richards 15'w 10 poles 
to corner Red Oak on a piney hillside: thence South 756st 216 
poles to Corner Red Oak by the s'd Creek, and thence down its 
several courses to the beginning: contains 115 A. Royal mines 
excepted, and 1-3 parte of all lead, copper, tin, coal, iron and iron 
ore that shall be found. Rent to be paid the Feast of St. Michael 
the Archangel : rent i shilling silver money for every 50 acres 
for 2 years, and to be returned at end of 2 years if rentes are 

Sept. 7, 1791. Beverley Randolph, Gov. of the Commonwealth 
of Va. to Samuel Kennedy, Gent, in Berkeley Co. 126 A. for 15 
sh. sterling surveyed July 8, 1779, on drains (slopes) of Back 

This is evidently adjoining the land bought Oct. 6, 1766, and 
I am told by one who knows every foot of that part of Berkeley 
describes the situation of "Prospect." 

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It can hardly be called a line, except as it runs through her 
descendants from Margaret, wife of Col. James Reed. For it is 
a short and tragic story. Her father had settled and built a home 
for his wife and five children; James, the oldest, was twelve, 
and Margaret seven when in the blackness of a dark night, the 
terrible war-whoop was heard. She remembered her father put- 
ting her on a horse behind her brother, James, telling them to 
ride for their lives, as he gave the horse a cut with his whip. 
He turned back to get his wife and the other children. Alas! 
too late. Every one was massacred by the Indians. 

Except as she appears in the Record of Deeds in York Co., Pa., 
we know only her marriage to James Reed and the reverence and 
love in which her children bore her memory. Her brave heart 
spoke its God-speed to her husband. Col. Reed, her seven sons, 
five of them officers in the Continental Army; she committed 
them to God's care and told them, "Never come home to me 
with a bullet in your back." 

The desire and effort to discover something of her brother, 
James, and his descendants has never been successful. The 
Floyds who were Governors of Virginia seems to have come into 
Virginia another way. 


The long, laborious, delightful task is brought to an end : the 
latter part from a "Shut-in's" chamber and an invalid's couch. 

So many charming unseen cousins have been found, such cor- 
dial helpful letters received, one wishes to know them all, and 
even to search out the hundreds all unknown beyond. It will 
be one of the pleasures of Heaven to know these godly fore- 
fathers and their descendants following in their ways. 

So to all of you who have helped by such kinsmanly interest, 
and to all these scattered Tribes and various Qans — 

God Bless You — Every One! 


"This is the heritage of the servants of the Lord !" 

All of these in the following list of Ministers, Wives of 
Ministers and Missionaries are descended from the different an- 
cestors from whom you, my children, descend, and are therefore 
of your kindred. Nearly all are Presbyterians, but some are of 
other churches, including two Unitarians, a Methodist Bishop, 
three Episcopal Bishops and a Roman Catholic Priest. As to 
Elders and other church officers, any one not holding such posi- 
tions and of your blood — ought to show why he is an exception 
to the rule! The list does not claim to be complete: there are 
doubtless others not known to me. 

The names of eight noble young men are listed who had given 
thesmselves to the ministry, but were swept aw^ay in the current 
of the Civil War, and gave their lives for their country. Five 
others who had finished their studies, died before they ever 
preached. Then other names are added, those here in Richmond, 
1922, preparing for missionary service. 


1. Rev. Dwight Baldwin, missionary to the Sandwich Islands, 
son of Seth, Abiel, Ezra, Johnathan, Joseph, John Baldwin 
of Milford (1639). 

2. Miss Mary Baldwin, Athens, Greece, daughter Dr. Corne- 
lius E. Baldwin, son of Dr. CorneHus B. (Mary Briscoe), son 
Elijah, Nathanael, John, John Baldwin of Milford. 

3. Dr. Nelson Bell, Tsing-kiang-pu, China, son Ruth McCue 
(James Bell), daughter Eliz. Wilson (Thos. McCue), daughter 
Dr. James Wilson (Anne Barrie), son Eliz. Poage (Rev. Wm. 
Wilson), daughter Thos. Poage (Agnes McClanahan), son 
Robert Poage and Elizabeth Preston. 

4. Mrs. John Harper Brady, Japan — Willie Robertson, daugh- 
ter Mary Walker (Rev. Nicholas Hill Robertson), daughter Jose- 
phine Sampson (Dr. W. T. Walker), daughter Richard Samp- 
son and Mar}^ Rogers. 

5. Mrs. C. Givens Brown, Japan, Mary Ella Walker, daughter 


Mary E. Brown (James Alexander Walker), daughter David 
Brown (Eliz. McChesney), son Rev. Sam'l Brown and Mary 
Moore, daughter Martha Poage (James Moore), daughter John 
PoAGE and Jean Somers. 

6. Rev. Henry M. Bruen, Korea, son Rev. J. de Hart Bruen 
(Margaret White Munro), son Rev. James M. B. (Anna Miller), 
son James B., (Catherine Baldwin), son Caleb B. (Anna Wheel- 
er) son Eleazar B. (Charity Gilbert) son Eleazar B. (Ruth Bald- 
win) son John B. (Esther Lawrence) son Obadiah B. (Sarah 
B.) son Sir John Le Bruen. 

7. Mrs. Robt. T. Coit, Cecile Woods, daughter Judge Thos. 
Hall W. (Judith Jones), son of Rev. Harvey W. (CeciHa Hall), 
son John W. (Charity Dysart), son of Samuel W. (Margaret 
Holmes), son Richard W. (Janet W.), son Michael Woods. 

8. Susan McDowell Currell, Japan, daughter Sarah Carrington 
(Dr. W. S. Currell, Pres. Univ. S. C), daughter Susan P. Mc- 
Dowell (Col. Chas. Carrington), daughter Gov. James McD. 
(Susanna Preston), son James McD. (Sarah Preston), son Jas. 
McD. (EHz. Cloyd), son Magdalena Woods (Capt. John McD.), 
daughter Michael Woods and Mary Campbell. 

9. Mrs. Edward S. Currie— China, — Gay V. Wilson, daugh- 
ter Calvin Wilson (Anne R. \"aughan), son John Park W. (Eliz. 
W. Trent), son Wm. M. W. (Mary Park), son Isabella Ken- 
nedy (John Wilson), daughter Samuel Kennedy. 

10. Rev. Erank Damon, Sandwich Islands, son Harriet M. 
Baldwin (Sam'l M. Damon), daughter Rev. Dwight Baldwin, 
see No. i for John Baldwin. 

11. Rev. Raymond A. Dudley, Madura, India, son Horace F. 
(Mary Augur), son Horace (Hannah Dudley), son John (Sarah 
Lee), son Nathaniel (Mary Hart), son Caleb (Hannah Stone), 
son Caleb (Eliz. Buck), son Joseph (Anne Robinson), son Wm. 
Dudley and Jane Lutman. 

12. Miss Lavalette Dupuy, Korea, daughter Mary B. Samp- 
son (Dr. J. J. Dupuy), daughter Rev. Erancis Sampson. 

13. Rev. Chas. Ghiselin, China, son Frances Morrison (Rev. 
Chas. GhiseHn), daughter Dr. S. B. Morrison (Mary Gold), 
son Frances Brown (Rev. James Morrison), daughter Mary 
Moore, see No. 57, john poage. 



14. Rev. S. M. B. Ghiselin, Cuba, brother to No. 13. 

15. Mrs. W. B. Hamilton, China, Madge Woods, daughter 
Rev. Henry Woods (Mary Ewing), son Andrew Woods 
(Rebecca Bryson), son Andrew Woods (Mary McCullough), son 
Andrew Woods and Martha Poage. 

16. Mary Louise Hamilton, China, daughter No. 15. She 
married Aug. 10, 1920, Norwood Francis Allman, Vice-Consul 
at Tsing-tao, China. 

17. Mrs. Thos. Lyttleton Hamsberger, China, Agnes Lacy 
Woods, daughter Dr. Jas. B. Woods (EUz. B. W. Smith), son 
Rev. Edgar Woods (Maria C. Baker), son Thos. Woods (Mary 
Bryson), son Archibald Woods (Anne Poage), son Andrew 
Woods and Martha Poage, son Michael Woods and Mary 

18. Mrs. Anne Baldwin Hay, sister to No. 2, Syria, was the 
wife of Mr. Hay, U. S. Consul at Jaffa, 1878, and conducted a 
missionary school there of her own. 

19. Rev. Matthew Hale Houston, D. D., China, also Sec. of 
Foreign Missions, returning to China 1894, son Dr. M. H. Hous- 
ton (Catherine Wilson), son Martha Cloyd (Matthew Houston), 
daughter EHz. Woods (David Cloyd), daughter Andrew 
Woods and Martha Poage. 

20. Miss Anne Lewis Irvine, twelve years missionary in 
N. C. and Ky. mountains, daughter Eliz. Poage Hoge (John 
Irvine), daughter Thos. Hoge, M. D. (Mary Claiborne Whit- 
lock), son Eliz. Poage (Rev. Moses Hoge), daughter John Poage 
(Mary Blair), son Robert Poage and Eliz. Preston. 

21. Rev. Wm. M. Junkin, Korea, son Mary Montague (Judge 
Geo. Junkin), daughter Mary McClanahan (R. D. Montague), 
daughter Elijah McClanahan (Agatha Lewis), son William Mc- 
Clanahan (Sarah Neely), son Robert McClanahan and Sarah 

22. Mrs. Wm. M. Junkin, Korea, Mary Leyburn, daughter 
Edw. Leyburn (Margaret Kerr), son (Dr. Alfred Leyburn), 
Anne E. Caruthers, daughter Wm. Caruthers (Phebe Alexan- 
der), son (Capt. John Caruthers), Anne Poage, daughter John 
Poage and Jane Somers. 

23. Mrs. Edward Lane, Brazil, Sarah Poague, daughter James 


A. Poage (Margaret Wilson), son Jonathan Poage (Martha 
Beggs), son John Poage and Jane Somers. 

24. Rev. Dr. Edw. E. Lane, son No. 2^, John Poage. 

25. Miss EHzabeth Lapsley, missionary at Crossnore, daugh- 
ter Rev. James L. (Florence Morrow), son Judge James W. L. 
(Sarah Pratt), son Rev. R. A. L. (Catherine R. Walker), daugh- 
ter Margaret Woods (J. M. Walker), dau. James Woods (Nancy 
Rayburn), (Martha Poage), son Michael Woods. 

26. Rev. Sam'l Lapsley, Africa, son Judge James W. Lapsley 
(Sarah Pratt), son Rev. Robert A. Lapsley (Cath. Rutherford 
Walker), son Margaret Woods (John Moore Walker), daugh- 
ter James Woods (Nancy Rayburn), son Andrew Woods and 
Martha Poage. 

27. Mrs. Geo. L. Leyburn, Athens, Greece, Phebe Wilson, 
daughter Phebe Caruthers (John Wilson), daughter Wm. 
Caruthers (Phebe Alexander), son Anne Poage (Capt. John 
Caruthers), daughter John Poage. 

28. Mrs. John C. Lowrie, India, Louisa Wilson, daughter 
Mary Poage (Thos. Wilson), daughter Thos. Poage (Agnes 
McClanahan), son Robert Poage and Elizabeth Preston. 

29. Mrs. Wilfred C. Mc. Lauchlin, China, Elizabeth Wilson, 
daughter Calvin Wilson — see No. 9, Samuel Kennedy. 

30. Dr. Houston Miller, China, son of Rev. W. McC. Miller 
(Mary Houston), son Frances McClanahan (Rev. Chas. Miller), 
daughter Elijah McClanahan (Agatha Lewis), son Wm. Mc- 
Clanahan (Sarah Neely), son Robert McClanahan and Sarah 

31. Mrs. John S. Nisbet, Korea, Eliz. Walker, daughter Creed 
T. Walker (Eliz. D. Cox), son Robert Woods Walker (Eulalie 
V. Taylor), son Margaret Woods (John Moore Walker), daugh- 
ter James Woods (Nancy Rayburn), son Andrew ^^'ooDS and 
Martha Poage. 

32. Miss Virgilia Nourse, Home Missionary, Virginia Moun- 
tains, daughter Rev. Wm. Logan Nourse — see No. 137. 

33. Miss Annie E. Poage, Persia, daughter Rev. Josiah B. 
Poage (Frances Arbuckle), son Robert Poage (Mary Poage, 
Geo. P. and Anne Allen), sons of John Poage (Mary Blair), 
son Robert Poage. She returned in 1881, married O. A. Cramer, 


34. Rev. John Fawcett Pogue, Sandwich Islands, son Wm. 
Pogu€ (Ruth Fawcett), son Robert P. (Mary P.) see 33. 

35. Mrs. Gideon Pond, Dakotahs, Sarah Poage, daughter 
Mary Woods (James Poage), daughter Andrew Woods and 
Martha Poage. 

36. Rev. Edward Pond, Dakotahs, son of above. 

2^^. Rev. Lucius Porter, Dean of Peking University, China, 
married Lillian Dudley, daughter Wilbur D. (Marion Bailey), 
son Wm. L. (Phebe Ives), son Wm. (Deborah Lee), son Amos 
(Mary Evarts), son Caleb (Hannah Stone), son Caleb (Eliz. 
Buck), son Joseph (Anne Robinson), son Wm. Dudley (Jane 

38. Rev. Dr. Thornton Rogers Sampson, Athens and Salonica, 
your father's brother, son Rev. Dr. Francis Sampson. 

39. Mrs. Thornton R. Sampson, Ella Royster, daughter Frank 
W. Royster (Helen Lake), son Eliz. Sampson (David Royster), 
daughter Richard Sampson I. 

40. Mrs. Alex. Peirce Saunders, Greece, Susan Riddick 
Baskerville, daughter Alice Merk Sampson (Chas. Baskerville), 
daughter Rev. Dr. Francis Sampsoxy. 

41. Mrs. B. M. Schlotter, Africa, Dorothy Chambers, daugh- 
ter Rev. Caleb Wallace Chambers (Emma Daniel), son of Mar- 
garet Wallace (Dr. Paschal H. Chambers), daughter Henry 
Wallace (Eliz. Carlyle), son Hon. Rev. Caleb Wallace (Rosanna 
Christian), son Sam'l Wallace (Esther Baker), son Peter Wal- 
lace and Elizabeth Woods, nephew and daughter Michael 

42. Harriet M. Smith, China, Y. W. C. A., daughter Martha 
W. Nail (Joshua Maclin Smith), daughter Eliz. Hoge (Rev. 
Dr. Robt. Nail), daughter Jane Woods (Rev. Dr. James Hoge), 
daughter Andrew W. (M. M. McCullough), son Andrew W. 
(Martha Poage), son Michael Woods. 

Mrs. Richard Vipon Taylor, China, Anne Russell Sampson, 
daughter John Russell Sampson and Anne E. Woods. 

43. Miss Mildred Watkins, China, Daughter Alice Winston 
Horsley (Rev. Sam'l Watkins), daughter John Horsley (Mary 
Mildred Cabell), son Wm. Horsley (Mary Cabell), brother to 
Roland Horsley, grandfather of Mrs. Richard Sampson of 


44. Mrs. De Lacey Wardlaw, Brazil, Mary Hoge, daughter 
Rev. Dr. Wm. Hoge (Virginia Harrison), son Rev. Dr. Samuel 
Davies Hoge (Eliz. Rice Lacy), son Eliz. Poage (Rev. Moses 
Hoge), daughter John Poage (Mary Blair), son Robert Poage 
and Eliz. Preston. 

45. Rev. Hugh White, China, son Rev. Dr. Henry M. White 
and Maria Blanche McClanahan, daughter Green McClanahan 
(Elizabeth Griffin), son Wm. McClanahan (Sarah Neely), son 
Robert McClanahan and Sarah Breckinridge. 

46. Miss Agnes White, China, daughter of above. 

47. Mrs. Thos. P. Williamson, Dakotahs, Margaret Poage, 
daughter Mary Woods (James Poage), daughter Andrew Woods 
(Martha Poage), son Michael Woods. 

48. Rev. John P. Williamson, Dakotahs, son of above. 

49. Miss Nancy Jane Williamson, Dakotahs, daughter of 
No. 47. 

50. Miss Anne R. V. Wilson, China, daughter Calvin Wil- 
son — see No. 9, Samuel Kennedy. 

51. Dr. Andrew Woods, China, son Rev. Dr. Frank M. Woods 
(Julia Junkin), son Andrew Woods (Rebecca Bryson), son 
Andrew Woods (Mary Mitchell McCuUough), son Andrew 
Woods and Martha Poage. 

52. Edgar Woods, M. D., China, son Rev. Edgar Woods 
(Maria C. Baker), son Thos. Woods (Mary Bryson), son Col. 
Archibald Woods (Anne Poage), son Andrew Woods (Martha 
Poage), son Michael Woods and Mary Campbell. 

53. Rev. Dr. Henry M. Woods, China, brother to No. 52. 

54. Mrs. Henry M. Woods, Josephine Underwood, daughter 
Senator Joseph R. Underwood (Eliz. Cox), son of Frances 
Rogers (John Underwood), daughter George R. (Frances Pol- 
lard), son John R. (Mary Byrd, daughter Wm. Byrd I), son of 
Giles Rogers. 

55. James B. Woods, M. D., China, brother to No. 52. 

56. Miss Josephine U. Woods, China, daughter No. 53. 

57. Miss Lily U. Woods, China, daughter No. 53. 

58. Rev. Washington Woods, missionary to Chinese in Cali- 
fornia, son James Woods, son John (Eliz. Smith), son Archi- 
bald (Isabella Woods), son Michael Woods. 

59. Mrs. Orville F. Yates, China, Ellen Baskerville, daughter 


Alice Sampson (Charles Baskerville), daughter Rev. Dr. Fran- 
cis Sampson. 


60. Rev. Sam'l Baker Alderson, son Mary Baker (Benj. Alder- 
son), daughter Sam'l Baker (Eliz. Gamble), brother to James 
Baker, grandfather of Mrs. Edgar Woods. 

61. Rev. West Humphreys Armistead, son of Robt. L. A, 
(Nannie Minor Meriwether Humphreys), son of Robina Woods 
(Wm. Armistead), daughter Robt. W. (Sarah West), son 
James W. (Nancy Rayburn), son Andrew W. (Martha Poage), 
son Michael Woods. 

62. Rev. Burr Baldwin, son Gabriel, Jared, Caleb, Samuel, 
Josiah, John Baldwin, of Milford. 

63. Rev. John Breckinridge, D. D., son of John (Mary 
Cabell), son Col. Robert (Letitia Preston), son Alexander 

64. Rev. Robert J. Breckinridge, D. D., same as above. 

65. Rev. William L. Breckinridge, D. D., same as above. 

66. Rev. William L. Breckinridge, Jr., son of above. 

67. Rev. Cecil Mathews Brown, son Rev. Joseph Brown 
(Anne Eliza Mathews), son Mary Moore (Rev, James Brown), 
daughter Martha Poage (James Moore), daughter John Poage 
and Jean Somers. 

68. Rev. James Moore Brown, D. D., son Mary Moore — as 
above, John Poage. 

69. Rev. James Morrison Brown (Meth.), son Rev. Henry B. 
(Mary McNutt), son Mary Moore, etc., see No. 67, John 

70. Rev. James Walker Brown, son Mary Ella Walker (Rev. 
C. Givens Brown), daughter Mary Eveline Brown (James Alex. 
Walker), daughter Daniel Brown (Eliz. McChesney), son Mary 
Moore, see above, 67, John Poage. 

71. Rev. Henry Brown, D. D., son Mary Moore, see above, 
67, John Poage. 

y2. Rev. John Calvin Brown, son Rev. James Moore Brown, 
son Mary Moore, see above, John Poage. 

73. Rev. Joseph Brown, son Mary Moore, see above, 67, John 


74. Rev. Samuel Brown, son Mary Moore, see above, 67, 
John Poage. 

75. Rev. Samuel Henry Brown, son Rev. James Moore 
Brown, son Mary Moore, see above, John Poage. 

76. Rev. William Brown, D. D., son of Mary Moore, see 
above, 67, John Poage. 

yy. Rev. James Morrison Brown, son John Calvin (Amanda 
Tompkins), son James Moore, D. D. (Mary Anne Bell), son 
Mary Moore, see No. 67, John Poage. 

78. Rev. Thomas A. Brown, Izard Co., Ark., son Anna C. 
Woods (Harvey Brown), daughter Thos. Woods (Susanna 
Baldridge), son John Woods (Anne Mebane), son William 
Woods of N. C, brother to Michael Woods. 

79. Rev. Robert Bukey (Meth.), Los Angeles, Cal, son Re- 
becca Poage (John Bukey), daughter Robert Poage (Anne Kel- 
ly), daughter Rebecca Woods (Isaac Kelly), daughter Andrew 
Woods and Martha Poage, son Michael Woods. 

80. Rev. William Cabell Brown, Bishop Episcopal Church in 
Virginia, son Mary B. Cabell (R. L. Brown), daughter Mary 
Cornelia Daniel (Mayo Cabell), daughter Margaret Baldwin 
(Judge William Daniel), daughter Dr. Cornelius (Mary Bris- 
coe), son Elijah, son Nathanael, son John and Hannah Bruen, 
son of John Baldwin, of Milford, and Mary, his first wife. 

Rev. James McW. Bruen, son James B. (Catherine Baldwin), 
son Caleb B. (Anna Wheeler), son Eleazer B. (Charity Gilbert), 
son Eleazer B. (Ruth Baldwin), son John B. (Esther Lawrence), 
son Obadiah B. (Sarah B.), son Sir John Le Bruen. 

Rev. Edward Bruen son of above Rev. J. McW. B. 

Rev. James DeHart Bruen son Rev. J. McW. B. 

Rev. Matthias Bruen son of Matthias B. (Hannah Coe), son 
Caleb B. (Anna Wheeler) see Rev. J. McW. B. 

81 Rev. A. C. Caperton, D. D. (Bapt.), son Lucy Woods (Col. 
Wm. Caperton), daughter Capt. Archibald (Mourning Shelton), 
son Wm. Woods and Susanna Wallace, son and niece Michael 

82. Rev. Milton T. Caperton, brother to above. 

83. Rev. Caleb Wallace Chambers, son Margaret Wallace (Dr. 
Paschal H. Chambers), daughter Henry W. (Eliz. Carlyle), son 
Rev. (Hon.) Caleb Wallace (Rosanna Christian), son Sam'l W. 


(Esther Baker), son Peter Wallace and Eliz. Woods, nephew 
and daughter of Michael Woods. 

84. Rev. David Yandell Donaldson, Disc, son Henry B. D. 
(Mary Bird), son Harriet Thomas (Walter C. D.), daughter 
Mary Poague (Oswald Thomas), daughter William Poage (Anne 
Kennedy, Mrs. Wilson), son Robert Poage. 

85. Rev. Wilson Thomas Donaldson, Disc, brother of 84. 

■ 86. Rev. Elias Dudley, son Daniel (Susanna Chatfield), son 
Daniel (Deborah Buell), son Wm. (Mary Stowe), son Wm. 
and Jane Lutman. 

87. Rev. Jacob Dennison Dudley, brother to Caroline, Mrs. 
Francis Sampson, W^m. Dudley. 

88. Rev. John Dudley, son Timothy (Anne Osborne), son 
John (Tryphena Stone), son Miles (Rachel Strog), son Joseph 
(Anne Robinson), son Wm. Dudley and Jane Lutman. 

89. Rev. Martin Dudley, son Amos (Sarah Evarts), son Amos 
(Mary Evarts), son Caleb (Hannah Stone), son Caleb (EHz. 
Buck), son Joseph (Anne Robinson), son Wm. Dudley and 
Jane Lutman. 

90. Rev. David Dudley Field, son Anne Dudley (Timothy 
Field), daughter David D. (Mar>^ Talman), son Caleb D. (Eliz. 
Buck), son Joseph D. (Anne Robinson), son Wm. Dudley and 
Jane Lutman, Guildford, Conn. 

91. Rev. Henry Martyn Field, D. D., son of No. 90 and Sub- 
mit Dickinson, and brother to U. S. Justice David Dudley Field, 
and Cyrus W. Field of the Atlantic Cable, Wm. Dudley. 

92. Rev. Timothy Field, brother to No. 91, Wm. Dudley. 

93. Rev. John French, son Sally Baldwin (Edmund French), 
daughter No. i., John Baldwin. 

94. Rev. Churchill Gibson, son Susan Stuart (Rev. R. A. 
Gibson, Bishop Epis. Church in Virginia), daughter Frances 
Baldwin (Hon. A. H. H. Stuart), daughter Briscoe G. B. 
(Martha Brown), son Dr. Cornelius B., son Elijah, son 
Nathanael, son John and Hannah Bruen, (grand-daughter Sir 
John Le Bruen), son of John Baldwin, of Milford, and Mary, 
his first wife. 

95. Rev. Stuart Gibson, brother to above. No. 94. 

96. Rev. Henry Gilmore, son Wm. Campbell G. (Mary 
Moore), son Magdalen Shepherd (John G.), daughter Eliz. 


Woods (Dalertus Shepherd), daughter Michael Woods, Jr. 
(Anne Lambert), son Michael Woods. 

97. Rev. Robert Campbell Gilmore, son Rev. Henry Gilmore, 
No. 96 (Martha J. McCluer). Michael Woods. 

98. Rev. Owsley Goodloe, son Judge Wm. E. Goodloe (Al- 
mire Owsley), son Susanna Woods (Wm. Goodloe), daughter 
Archibald Woods, Madison Co., Ky., son Wm. W. and Susanna 
Wallace, son and niece of Michael Woods. 

99. Rev. John Goodman (Meth.), son Chas. Goodman and 
Eliz. Horsley, and brother to Susan, mother of Mary Rogers, 
Mrs. Richard Sampson of "Dover." 

100. Rev. John Griffin, son Sarah McClanahan (Dr. John 
H. G.), daughter John McC. (Lucy Walton), son of Wm. McC. 
(Sarah Neely), son Robert McC. and Sarah Breckinridge. 

loi. Rev. Frank Howland Havener (Meth.), son Mary C. Wil- 
son (Thos. H. Havener), daughter Rev. Norval Wilson (Corne- 
lia Howland), son Mary Poage (Thos. Wilson), daughter Thos. 
P. (Agnes McClanahan), son Robert Poage. 

102. Rev. SamT Poage Hinds (Meth.), son Sarah Poage 
(Sam'l Hinds), daughter Robert P. (Mary Goodson), son 
Robert P. (Jean Wallace, granddaughter Michael Woods), son 
Robert Poage. 

103. Rev. James Hoge, D. D., son Elizabeth Poage (Moses 
Hoge, D. D.), daughter John P. (Mary Blair), son Robert 

104. Rev. John Blair Hoge, D. D., brother to No. 103 — 
Robert Poage. 

105. Rev. Samuel Davies Hoge, D. D., brother to No. 103 — 
Robert Poage. ^ 

106. Rev. Moses Drury Hoge, D. D., son No. 105 and Eliz. 
Rice Lacy — Robert Poage. 

107. Rev. Wm. Hoge, D. D., same as 106 — Robert Poage. 

108. Rev. Moses A. Hoge, son Jane Woods (James Hoge, 
D. D., No. loi), daughter Andrew W. (Mary McCullough), 
son Andrew W. (Martha Poage), son Michael Woods. 

109. Rev. Peyton Harrison Hoge, D. D., son No. 107 (Vir- 
ginia Carr Harrison). 

no. Rev. Gordon Houston, son M. Hale Houston, D. D. 
(Evelyn Withrow), son Dr. M. H. H. (Catherine Wilson), son 


Martha Cloyd (Matthew Houston), daughter Eliz. Woods 
(David Qoyd), daughter Andrew W. (Martha Poage), son 
Michael Woods. 

111. Rev. Wm. Houston, son Dr. Matthew H. Houston and 
Catherine Wilson, see No. no. 

112. Rev. Frederic Huidekoper, son Rebecca Colhoon (Her- 
man H.), daughter Esther McDowell (Andrew Colhoon), daugh- 
ter Capt. Andrew McDowell (Sarah Shanklin), son Col. 
Andrew McDowell. 

113. Rev. John McDowell Alexander Lacy, son Judge Alex. 
Lacy (Eliz. Myers), son Rev. Beverly Tucker Lacy (Sallie 
Alexander, his first cousin), son Agnes Alexander (Rev. Wm. 
Sterling Lacy), daughter Magdalen Reid (Maj. John Alex.), 
daughter Magdalen McDowell (Andrew Reid), daughter Saml. 
McDowell (Mary McClung), son Magdalena Woods (Capt. 
John McDowell), daughter Michael Woods. 

114. Rev. James Woods Lapsley, son Judge James Woods 
Lapsley, Moderator Gen. Assembly (Sarah E. Pratt), son Rev. 
Robt. A. L. and Catherine Rutherford Walker, daughter Mar- 
garet Woods (John Moore Walker), daughter James W. (Anne 
Rayburn), son Andrew W. (Martha Poage), son Michael 
Woods. Rev. Robt. A. Lapsley also from Michael Woods, 
through his daughter Sarah and Joseph Lapsley. 

115. Rev. Joseph B. Lapsley, son Sarah Woods (Joseph L.), 
daughter Michael Woods. 

116. Rev. Robert Armstrong Lapsley, son John L. (Mary 
Armstrong), son Sarah Woods (Joseph L.), daughter Michael 

117. Rev. Robert Alberti Lapsley, D. D., son Judge James 
Woods Lapsley, see No. 1 14, and Sarah Pratt. 

118. Rev. Robert A. Lapsley, Jr., son Rev. Robert A. Laps- 
ley, No. 117, and Eugenia Browne. 

119. Rev. Joseph B. Lapsley, son John L. (Mary Armstrong), 
son Sarah Woods (Joseph L.), daughter Michael Woods. 

120. Rev. Wm. Johnston Lapsley, son Col. John Philip L. 
(EHz. A. Johnston), son James F. L. (Charlotte A. Cleland), 
3rd son John L. (Mary Armstrong), son Joseph L. and Sarah 
Woods, daughter Michael Woods. 


121. Rev. James Thomas Lapsley, D. D., son James F. Laps- 
ley (Charlotte Cleland), see No. 120. 

122. Rev. Frank W. Lewis, son Dr. Wm. L. (Mary Mc- 
Farland), son Nancy McClanahan, Mrs. Madison (Col. Wm. 
Lewis, son Gen. Andrew L.), daughter Wm. McC. (Sarah 
Neely), son Robert McClanahan. 

123. Rev. Edward R. Leyburn, D. D., son Edward L. (Mar- 
garet Kerr), son (Dr. Alfred L.), Anne E. Caruthers, daughter 
Wm. C. (Phebe Alexander), son Anne Poage (Capt. John 
Caruthers), daughter John Poage. 

124. Rev. Earnest B. Marquess, son Anne Lacy Hoge (Wm. 
H. Marquess), daughter Samuel Davies H., D. D. (Eliz. Rice 
Lacy), son Eliz. Poage (Rev. Moses Hoge), daughter John 
Poage (Mary Blair), son Robert Poage. 

125. Rev. Wm. Hoge Marquess, D. D., same as No. 124. 

126. Rjev. Joseph McD. Matthews, D. D., son Sarah Mc- 
Dowell (John Matthews), daughter Col. Joe McD., and Mar- 
garetta Moffett, daughter Sarah McDowell (Col. Geo. Moffett), 
daughter Magdalena Woods (Capt. John McD.), daughter 
Michael Woods. 

127. Rev. Hervey McDowell, son Dr. Hervey McD. (Louisa 
McD.), daughter Alex. K. M. McD. (Anne Haupt), son John 
Lyle McD. (Anne H. Vance), son Col. James McD. (Mary 
Lyle), son Samuel McD. (Mary Mc Clung), son Magdalena 
Woods (Capt. John McD.), daughter Michael \\'oods. 

128. Rev. Samuel McLanahan, grandson Blair McClanahan, 
brother to Robert McClanahan. 

129. Rev. Henry Woods McLaughlin, son Judge Andrew M. 
McL. and Mary M. Price, daughter Margaret D. Poage (James 
A. Price), daughter Wm. Poage (Mary Warwick, Mrs. Gate- 
wood), son Wm. Poage (Margaret Davis), son John P. (Mary 
Blair), son Robert Poage. 

130. Rev. Wm. McC. Miller, son Mary Frances McClanahan, 
Mrs. Micou (Rev. Chas. Miller), daughter Col. EHjah McC. 
(Agatha Lewis), son Wm. McC. (Sarah Neely), son Robert 
McClanahan and Sarah Breckinridge. 

131. Rev. Wm. McC. Miller, Jr., son of above and Mary 



132. Rev. Robert H. Nail, D. D., son Eliz. Woods Hoge (Rev. 
Robt. Nail, D. D.), daughter Jane Woods (Rev. James Hoge, 
son Eliz. PoAGE, daughter Andrew W. (Mary McCullough), 
son Andrew W. (Martha Poage), son Michael Woods. 

133. Rev. James Hoge Nail, same as No. 132, 

134. Rev. Kinloch Nelson. D. D. Bishop of Ga., son of Julia 
Rogers (Keating Nelson) dau. Rev. Thornton R. (Margaret 
Hart), son John R. (Susan Goodman), son Byrd R. (Mary 
Trice), son John R. (Mary Byrd dau. Wm. Byrd I), son Giles 
R. (Rachel Eastham), son John R. (Lucy Iverson, Scotland), 
son Thos. Matthew R. (Mary McMurdo) son Bernhardt born in 
Wittenberg, son John Rogers the Martyr and Adriana de 

135. Rev. Keating Nelson, same^ as 134. 

136. Rev. William Nelson, same as No. 134. 

137. Rev. Wm. Logan Nourse, son Rosa Logan (Wm. 
Nourse), daughter Priscilla Wallace (Judge Wm. Logan), 
daughter Judge Caleb Wallace (Rosanna Christian), son 
Samuel W. (Esther Baker), son Peter W. and Eliz. Woods, 
nephew and daughter of Michael Woods. 

138. Rev. Alfred Paull, son Elizabeth Woods (George Paull), 
daughter Col. Archibald W. (Anne Poage,) son Andrew W. 
(Martha Poage), son Michael Woods. 

139. Rev. George A. Paull, son of above and Mary Weed. 

140. Rev. Andrew Woods Poage, son Mary Woods (James 
Poage), daughter Andrew Woods. 

Rev. Alfred Duane Pell, grandson of George Bruen, son 
Matthews B. (Hannah Coe), son Caleb B. (Anna Wheeler). 
See No. 6. 

Rev. Baldwin Pendleton, son of Caroline Read (Stephen 
Taylor Pendleton), daughter Fanny Baldwin (Jesse Read), 
daughter Heman B. (Hetty Smith), son Lieut. Jacob B. (Lucy 
Sharpe), son Israel B. (Lydia Frisbie), son Israel B. (Dinah 
Butler), son George B. (Deborah Rose), son John Baldwin, 
of Milford. 

141. Rev. Burton Poage (Meth.), son Allen Terrell P. (Mar- 
garet Jewett), son Geo. P. (Anne Allen), son John Poage 
(Mary Blair), son Robert Poage. 


142. Rev. Calvin A. Poage, son Rev. Josiah B. P. (Frances 
Arbuckle), son Robert P. (Mary P., daughter Geo. P.— see 
141), son Wm. P. (Eliz. Davis), son John P. (Mary Blair), 
son Robert Poage, 

143. Rev. Frank Irwin Poage (Meth.), son James R. P. (Har- 
riet E. Scott), son Rev. Geo. P. (Jane Riggs). See No. 145, 
Robert Poage. 

144. Rev. Frankhn Riley Poage (Meth.), son John Mitchell P., 
son Andrew Kennedy P., son John, son John Poage. 

145. Rev. Geo. B. Poage, Presiding Elder, and Clerk of Court, 
Bracken County, Ky., son Wm. P. (Eliz. Vanhorn), son Geo. P. 
(Anne Allen), son John P. (Mary Blair), son Robert Poage. 

146. Rev. Geo. G. Poage, son Mary Woods (James Poage), 
daughter Andrew Woods. 

147. Rev. James S. Poage, son Robt. P. (Sarah Kirker), son 
Mary Woods (James Poage), daughter Andrew Woods. 

148. Rev. John A. Poage, son Burton P. (see No. 141) and 
Mary Gregg. 

149. Rev. John Davidson Poage (Bapt.), son Walter P. (Mar- 
garet Snell), son Thos. G. P. (Mary Mackee), son Robert P. 
(Mary Goodson), son Robert P. (Jean Wallace), son Robert 

150. Rev. John J. Poage (Meth.), son Thos. G. Poage and 
Mary Mackee, see No. 149. 

151. Rev. Josiah B. Poage, son Robert P. (Mary Poage), 
son Wm. P. (Elizabeth Davis), son John P. (Mary Blair), son 
Robert Poage. 

152. Rev. Thomas Poage, son John P. (Mary Blair), son 
Robert Poage. 

153. Rev. Wm. Poage (Meth.), son Burton P., No. 141, and 
Mary E. Gregg — Robert Poage. 

154. Rev. James W. P'ogue, son Henry E. P. (Frances 
Wood), son Wm. L. P. (Anne McCormick), son Gen. 
Robert P. (Jane Lindsay), son Wm. P. (Anne Kennedy Wil- 
son), son Robert Poage. 

155. Rev. Milford Powers, son Harriet Poage (Richard 
Powers), daughter Robert P. (Mary Hopkins), son John P. 
(Mary Blair), son Robert Poage. 

156. Rev. John Alexander Preston, D. D., son Sally Lyle 


Caruthers (Col. J. T. L. Preston), daughter Wm. C. (Phebe 
Alexander), son Anne Poage (Capt. John Caruthers), daughter 
John Poage. 

157. Rev. Thos. L. Preston, D. D., brother to 156. 

158. Rev. Wm. T. Price, D. D., son Margaret D. Poage 
(James A. P.), daughter Major Wm. P. (Nancy Warwick, 
Mrs. Gatewood), son Wm. P. (Margaret Davis), son John P. 
(Mary Blair), son Robert Poage. 

159. Rev. John Rogers, the Martyr, A. D. 1555. 

160. Rev. Thornton Rogers, son John R. (Susan Goodman), 
son Byrd R. (Mary Trice), son John R. (Mary Byrd), son 
Giles Rogers (Rachel Eastham), son John R. (Lucy Iverson, 
in Scotland), son Thos. Matthew R. (Mary McMurdo), son 
Bernhard (born in Wittenberg), son John Rogers, the Martyr, 
and Adrianna de Weyden. 

161. Rev. John Langdon Rogers, son of Thornton R. (Mil- 
dred Moseley), son John R., Jr. (Agnes Sampson), son John R. 
(Susan Goodman), son Byrd R, (Mary Trice), son John R. 
(Mary Byrd), son Giles Rogers, see 160. 

162. Rev. John R. Roseboro, son Frances B. Smith (Rev. 
John W. R.), daughter Mary Moore Morrison (Rev. Dr. Benj. 
M. Smith), daughter Frances Brown (Rev. Samuel M.), daugh- 
ter Mary Moore, see No. 67, Rev. James Morrison. 

163. Rev. Francis B. Roseboro, brother to No. 162. 

f Sons John Ruff (Rebekah Jane 

164. Rev. John Ruff. | Wilson), son Martha Wallace 

165. Rev. Wallace Ruff. -<j (Judge John Ruff), daughter 

166. Rev. W. W. Ruff. I Martha Woods (Peter Wallace), 

I daughter Michael Woods. 

167. Rev. Thos. B. Ruff, son Samuel Temple Ruff (Mary 
Rosebrough), son John Ruff and Rebekah Jane Wilson, see 
No. 164, Michael Woods. 

168. Rev. Andrew M. Rupel (U. B.), son Sarah Melling (Rev. 
Daniel R.), daughter Margaret Scott (Andrew Melling), daugh- 
ter Sarah Poage (Nathan Scott), daughter Robert P. (Jean Wal- 
lace, granddaughter Michael Woods), and Robert Poage. 

169. Rev. Francis Sampson, D. D., your grandfather. 

170. Rev. Thornton Rogers Sampson, D. D., son of Francis 
Sampson, D. D. 


171. Rev. James Hoge Smith, son Martha Nail (Joshua Mac- 
lin Smith), daughter Eliz. Woods Hoge (Rev. Robt. Nail), 
daughter Jane Woods (Rev. James Hoge, son Eliz., daughter 
Robert Poage), daughter Andrew W. (Mary M. McCullough), 
son Andrew W. (Martha Poage), son Michael Woods. 

172. Rev. Robert Taylor, son Susan McDowell (Col. Wm. 
Taylor), daughter Col. James McD. (Sarah Preston), son James 
McD. (Eliz. Cloyd), son Magdalena Woods (Capt. John Mc- 
Dowell), daughter Michael Woods. 

173. Rev. James N. Temple, son Eleanor Clark (Rev. Benj. 
T.), daughter Gen. Jonathan C. (Sarah Hite), son (John Clark) 
Anne Rogers, daughter John Rogers (Mary Byrd), son Giles 

174. Rev. Jos. McD. Trimble, son Margaret McDowell (Allen 
Trimble, Governor of Ohio), daughter Margaretta Moffett (Col. 
Joe McDowell), daughter Sarah McD. (Col. Geo. Moffett), 
daughter Magdalena Woods (Capt. John McD.), daughter 
Michael Woods. 

175. Rev. Wm. Woods Walden, son Sarah Woods (Judge 
Austin Walden), daughter Rev. Adam W. (Anna Kavanaugh), 
son Wm. W, (Susannah Wallace), son and niece of Michael 

176. Rev. Wm. T. Walker, son Josephine Sampson (Dr. 
W. T. W.), daughter Richard Sampson, of "Dover." and Mary 
Rogers, see 160. 

177. Rev, Caleb Wallace, also one of the first judges of the 
Kentucky Court, son Samuel Wallace (Esther Baker), son Peter 
Wallace (Eliz. Woods), nephew and daughter of Michael 

178. Rev. Samuel A. Wanless, son Anne Poage (Rev. Geo. 
P. W.), daughter Geo. P. (Mary Rankin), son Wm. P. (Mar- 
garet Davis), son John P. (Mary Blair), son Robert Poage. 

179. Rev. Benj. Breckinridge Warfield, D, D., son Mary 
Cabell Breckinridge (William Warfield), daughter Rev. Dr. 
Robert J. Br. (Anne Sophonisba Preston), son John B. (Mary 
Cabell), son Robert B. (Letitia Preston), son Alexander 

180. Rev. Ethelbert Dudley Warfield, D. D., brother to No. 


181. Rev, Wm. D. White, son Margaret Donaghe (Rev. Robt. 
White, D. D.), daughter Mary B. Baldwin (Wm. W. Donaghe), 
daughter Dr. Cornelius Baldwin, see No. 2, John Baldwin, of 

182. Rev. Wm. McC, White, son Blanche McClanahan (Rev. 
Dr. H. M. White), daughter Elijah McC. (Sarah Hurt), son 
Green McC. (EUz. Griffin), son Wm. McC. (Sarah Neely), son 
Robert McClanahan. 

183. Rev. Jesse Philander Williamson, son of Rev. John 
Poage. (Sarah Van Nuys), son Margaret Poage (Rev. Thos. 
S. W.), dau. James Poage (Mary Woods, daughter Andrew 
W.), son John P. (Mary Blair), son Robert Poage and 
Michael Woods. 

184. Rev. John Poage Williamson, father No. 183. 

185. Rev. Alpheus W'ilson, Bishop Meth. Church, son Rev. 
Norval W. (Robert Poage and Michael Woods), No. 186 
(Cornelia Lawrence Howland). 

186. Rev. Norval Wilson, son Mary Poage (Hon. Thos. Wil- 
son), daughter Thos. P. (Agnes McClanahan), son Robert 

187. Rev. Oscar B. Wilson, son Celia Rogers (Rev. Jas. 
M. W.), daughter Rev. Thornton Rogers (Margaret Hart), 
son John R. (Susan Goodman), son Lieut. Byrd R. (Mary 
Trice), son John R. (Mary Byrd), son Giles Rogers. See 160. 

188. Rev. Thornton S. Wilson, brother to 187. See 160. 

189. Rev. WiUis Sherrard W^ilson, son John Park W. (Eliza 
Gibson), son John Park W. (Ehz. Trent), son Wm. Mont- 
gomery W. (Mary Park), son Isabella Kennedy (John Wilson), 
daughter Samuel Kennedy, brother to Col. David Kennedy. 

190. Rev. Adam Woods, son Wm. W. and Susannah Wallace, 
son and niece Michael Woods. 

191. Rev. Anderson Woods, son James Woods (Mary Gar- 
land), son Michael, Jr. (Esther Caruthers), son Col. John W. 
(Susannah Anderson), son Michael. 

192. Rev. Andrew Woods, son Wm. \\'. and Susannah Wal- 
lace, son and niece Michael Woods. 

193. Rev. Barnabas Woods, son \\'m. \\'. (Susan B. Clark), 
son Rev. Adam W., see 190. 


194. Rev. David J. Woods, D. D,, son Rev. Frank M. W. 
(Julia Junkin), see No. 196. 

195. Rev. Edgar Woods, Ph. D., son Thos. W. (Mary Bry- 
son), son Col. Archibald W. [Anne Poage, daughter Thos. P. 
and Agnes McClanahan, daughter Robert McClanahan and 
Sarah Breckinridge (daughter Alex. Breckinridge), son Robert 
Poage], son Andrew W. (Martha Poage, daughter Robert 
Poage), son Michael Woods. 

196. Francis M. Woods, D. D., son Andrew W. (Rebecca 
Bryson), son Andrew W. (Mary McCullough), son Andrew W. 
(Martha Poage), son Michael Woods. 

197. Rev. Henry Woods, D. D., brother to 196. 

198. Rev. Hervey Woods, son John W. (Charity Dysart), 
son Sam'l W. (Margaret Holmes), son Richard W. (Janet W.), 
son Michael Woods. 

199. Rev. John Woods (Epis.), son Andrew W. (Mary Good- 
ing), son Robert W. (Lovely Caldwell), son Andrew W. 
(Martha Poage), son Michael Woods. 

200. Rev. Leroy Woods, son Daniel T. W. (Mary Reese), 
son Samuel W. (Margaret Holmes), son Richard W. 
(Janet W.), son Michael Woods. 

201. Rev. Neander Woods, D. D., son James Harvey W. 
(Sarah E. Dedman), son Samuel W., Jr. (Mary McAfee, widow 
David W.), son Samuel W. (Margaret W.), son Michael W., 
Jr. (Anne Lambert), son Michael Woods. 

202. Rev. Peter Woods, son Wm. W. and Susannah Wal- 
lace, son and niece Michael Woods. 

203. Rev. Sarshal Woods, son Patrick (Rachel Cooper), son 
Rev. Adam W. (Anna Kavanagh, see No. 190), Michael Woods. 

204. Rev. Wm. Woods, son Rev. Adam, see No. 190, 
Michael Woods. 

205. Rev. Wm. Harvey Woods, son James H. W. (Sarah E. 
Dedman), see No. 201 — Michael Woods. 

206. Rev. Wm. H. Woods, Jr., D. D., son Wm. H. W. (Sarah 
Katharine Lisle), see 20 — Michael Woods. 

207. Rev. John Lapsley Yantis, D. D., son Priscilla Lapsley 
(Col. John Yantis), daughter John Lapsley (Mary Armstrong), 
son Sarah Woods (Joseph Lapsley), daughter Andrew, son 
Michael Woods. 


208. Rev. Edward M. Yantis, son Dr. J. L. Yantis, No. 207, 
and Eliza Montgomery. Michael Woods. 

209. Rev. Wm. A. Ziegler, son Susan L. Haynes (Joseph Z.), 
daughter Mary Hill (Wm. H. H.), daughter Rachel Poage (Wm. 
Hill), daughter George P. (Rachel McClung), son Robert 



210. Rev. James Anderson married Rebecca McDowell, daugh- 
ter Capt. Andrew McDowell. 

211. Rev. J. M. P. Atkinson, D. D., married first, Mary B. 
Baldwin, daughter Dr. Robert B. (Portia Lee Hopkins), son Dr. 
Cornelius B., son Elijah, Nathanael, John, John Baldwin of 
Milford, 1639. 

212. Rev. J. M. P. Atkinson, D. D., third wife, Fanny Peyton 
Stuart, daughter Frances Baldwin (Hon. A. H. H. Stuart), 
daughter Briscoe G. B. (Martha Brown), son Dr. Cornelius B., 
son EHjah, son Nathanael (Mary Cougar), son John B. (Hannah 
Bruen), son John Baldwin, of Milford, and Mary, his first wife. 

213. Rev. Ward M. Baker married Frances Maud Belsher, 
daughter Thos. M. B. (Lina Elgin), son Sarah Poage (Peter 
Belsher), daughter Robert P. (Mary Goodson), son Robt. P. 
(Jean Wallace), granddaughter Michael Woods), son Robert 


214. Rev. George Sumner Baskerville married Henrietta 
Campbell, daughter Dr. John C. Campbell, son Isabella Mc- 
Dowell and Rev. John Poage Campbell. See No. 224, Michael 

215. Rev. Joseph Baxter married Susan Rogers, daughter Rev. 
Thornton R. (Margaret Hart), son John R. (Susan Goodman), 
son Lieut. Byrd R. (Mary Trice), son John R. (Mary Byrd), 
son Giles Rogers. 

216. Rev. George Beckett married Eliz. Anne Temple, daugh- 
ter Eleanor Clark (Rev. Benj. Temple), daughter Gen. Jonathan 
Clark (Sarah Hite), son John Clark (Anne Rogers, daughter 
John R. and Mary Byrd), son Jonathan Clark and Eliz. Wil- 
son, daughter Lucy Rogers (Wm. Wilson), daughter Giles 

217. Rev. Andrew R. Boggs married Annetta G. Brinkley, 


granddaughter Elijah Poage (Nancy Grattan), son Thos. P. 
(Agnes McClanahan), son Robert Poage. 

218. Rev. Robert L. Brack, D. D., Chancellor Central Uni- 
versity, married second wife, Eliz. Faulkner, who was first Mrs. 
White, then the third wife of Rev. Robt. J. Breckinridge, she 
was daughter Jane Kavenaugh (John Faulkner), daughter Wm. 
K. (KHz. Miller), son Eliz. Woods (Philemon K.), daughter 
Wm. Woods and Susannah Wallace, son and niece Michael 

219. Rev. Samuel Brown married Mary Moore, daughter 
Martha Poage (James Moore), daughter John Poage. 

220. Rev, J. J. Bullock, D. D., married Caroline Laurens 
Breckinridge, daughter Joseph C. B. (Mary Clay Smith of 
Princeton), son John B. (Mary Cabell), son Robert B. (Letitia 
Preston), son Alexander Breckinridge. 

221. Rev. Thomas Busey married Sarah Neely McClanahan, 
widow of Dr. Fox, daughter Green McC. (Eliz. Griffin), son 
Wm. McC. (Sarah Neely), son Robert McClanahan (Sarah 

222. Rev, John Poage Campbell, D, D., married first Sarah 
Crawford, daughter Eliz. Poage ((jeo. C), daughter Robert 

223. Rev. John Poage Campbell, D. D., married second Mar- 
garet Poage, daughter Geo. P. (Anne Allen), son John P. (Mary 
Blair), son Robert Poage. 

224. Rev. John Poage Campbell, D. D., married third Isabella 
McDowell, daughter Col. James McD. (Mary Paxton Lyle), son 
Judge Samuel McD. (Mary McClung), son Magdalena Woods 
(Capt. John McDowell), daughter Michael Woods. 

225. Rev. A. B. Castle, D. D., married Nancy W. Clark, daugh- 
ter Rev. Homer J. Clark and Agnes Wilson, see No. 227, 
Robert Poage. 

226. Rev. Wm. Chaffin, Boston, married Rebecca Bagley, 
daughter Margaret Hazlett (Michael Bagley), daughter Eliz. 
Colhoon (Henry Hazlett), daughter Esther McDowell (Andrew 
Colhoon), daughter Capt. Andrew McDowell. 

227. Rev, Homer Jackson Clark, married Agnes Wilson, 
daughter Mary Poage (Hon. Thos. Wilson), daughter Thos. P. 
(Agnes McClanahan), son Robert Poage. 


Rev. Dr. James Freeman Clark married Anna Huidekoper, 
daughter Rebecca Colhoon (Herman Huidekoper), daughter 
Esther McDowell (Andrew Colhoon), daughter Capt. Andrkw 

228. Rev. N. Reid Claytor, married Whitlock Hoge Ii*vine, 
daughter Eliz. Poage Hoge (John Lewis Irvine), daughter Thos. 
Poage Hoge (Mary Claiborne Whitlock), son Eliz. Poage (Rev. 
Moses Hoge of Hampden-Sidney), daughter John P. (Mary 
Blair), son Robert Poage. 

229. Rev. Thos. Clelland, married Louisa Mitchell, daughter 
Thos. M. (Mary Marshall), son Thos. M. (Sarah Hawkins), 
son (James M.) Margaret McDowell, daughter Ephriam McD. 
and Margaret Irvine, brother to Col. Andrew McDowell. 

230. Rev. E. L. Cochran, married Adeline Rogers, daughter 
Rev. Thornton Rogers (Margaret Hart), son John R. (Susan 
Goodman), son Byrd R. (Mary Trice), son John R. (Mary 
Byrd), son Giles Rogers. See 160. 

231. Rev. Joshua Cowysland, married Martha Woods, daugh- 
ter Andrew P. W. (Mary E. Gooding), son Robert W. (Lovely 
Caldwell), son Andrew W. (Martha Poage), son Michael 

232. Rev. Alex. Warwick Crawford, D. D., married Eliz. 
Winn Taylor, daughter Ariadne B. Mitchell (Col. Aylett B. 
Taylor), daughter Eliz. H. Woods (Basil B. Mitchell), daugh- 
ter Rev. James Hervey W. (Sarah Dedman), son Samuel W., Jr. 
(Mary McAfee), son Samuel W. (Margaret W.), son Michael 
Woods, Jr. (Anne Lambert), son Michael Woods. 

233. Rev. B. W. Cronk, married Alice Snidow, daughter 
Martha Walker (Geo. S.), daughter Henry Walker (Mary 
Snidow), son Martha Woods (Henry Walker), daughter 
Michael Woods. 

234. Rev. John Crouch, married Eliza Poage, daughter 
Robert P. (Mary Goodson), son Robert P. (Jean Wallace), son 
Robert Poage. 

235. Rev. Parry Cummings, married Magdalena Campbell 
Wallace, daughter James Wallace, son Col. Samuel W. 
(Rebekah Anderson), son Martha Woods and Peter Wallace, 
daughter and nephew Michael Woods. 

236. Rev. R. L. Dabney, D. D., married Lavinia Morrison, 


daughter Frances Brown (Rev. James Morrison), daughter 
Mary Moore (Rev. Samuel Brown), daughter Martha Poage 
(James Moore), daughter John Poage. 

237. Rev. Samuel M. Damon, married Harriet Melinda Bald- 
win, daughter Rev, Dwight, son Seth, son Ezra, son Johnathan, 
son Joseph, son John Baldwin, of Milford. 

238. Rev. Lewis J. Darter, Sec. Y. M. C. A., married first 
Pauline Irvine, daughter Lacy Hoge (Rev. Wm. Irvine), daugh- 
ter Rev. Dr. Wm. Hoge (Mary Ballard), son Samuel Davies 
Hoge, D. D. (Eliz. Rice Lacy), son Eliz. Poage (Rev. Moses 
Hoge), daughter John P. (Mary Blair), son Robert Poage. 

239. Rev. Lewis J. Darter, Sec. Y. M. C. A., married second 
Susan Blanton, sister to No. 238. 

240. Rev. W, Davenport married Rachel Reid, widow of Col. 
Jeflferson Taylor, daughter Eliz, Woods (Garland Reid), daugh- 
ter James Woods (Mary Garland), son Col. John Woods 
(Susannah Anderson), son Michael Woods. 

241. Rev. S. Hamner Davis married Eliz. Caruthers, daugh- 
ter John Franklin C. (Mary B. Wilson), son Wm. C. (Phebe 
Alexander), son Anne Poage (Capt. John C), daughter John 

242. Rev. A. C. Dickerson, D. D., married Mary Jane Rogers, 
daughter Thos. Rogers, son Geo. R. (Frances Pollard), son 
John Ri. (Mary Byrd), son Giles Rogers. 

243. Rev. Mr. Doggett married Martha Woods, daughter 
James W. (Nancy Jones), son Wm. W. (Mary Jarman), son 
Wm. Woods (Susannah Wallace), son and niece Michael 

244. Rev. Rutherford Douglas, D, D., married Caroline Jose- 
phine, daughter Frances Anne Breckinridge (Rev. Dr. John 
Clark Young), daughter Joseph C. B. (Mary Clay Smith), son 
John B. (Mary Cabell), son Robert B. (Letitia Preston), son 
Alexander Breckinridge. 

245. Rev. Wm. Dudley married Flora Scott Tool, daughter 
Frances J. Scott (G. W. Tool), daughter (James C. Scott, 
M. D.), Mary Isabelle Poague, daughter John Hopkins P. (Jean 
Hopkins), daughter Robert P. (Mary Hopkins), son John P. 
(Mary Blair), son Robert Poage. 

246. Rev. M. W. Dyer married Wilhelmina Fiege, daughter 


Mary Adeline Howard (Christopher Fiege), daughter Col. 
Joseph Howard and Jean Shelor, daughter Joanna Goodson 
(Daniel Shelor), daughter Eliz. Poage (Thos. Goodson), daugh- 
ter Robt. P. (Jean Wallace, granddaughter Michael Woods), 

247. Rev. G. W. Eichelberger married Anne Temple Bowling, 
daughter Lucy Croghan Temple (Judge R. C. Bowling), daugh- 
ter Eleanor Clark (Rev. Benj. Temple), daughter Gen. Johnathan 
Clark (Sarah Hite), son John Clark and Anne Rogers, daughter 
John R. (Mary Byrd), son Giles Rogers. 

248. Rev. Alan Embry married Susannah Miller, daughter 
Susannah Woods (Daniel Miller), daughter Col. John Woods 
(Susannah Anderson), son Michael Woods. 

249. Rev. Parke P. Flournoy, D. D., married Mary Moore 
Smith, daughter Mary Moore Morrison (Rev. Dr. Benj. M. 
Smith), daughter Frances Brown (Rev. James Morrison), daugh- 
ter Mary Moore (Rev. Samuel Brown), daughter Martha Poage 
(James Moore), daughter John Poage. 

250. Rev. John Fox, D. D., married Margaret Pearce Kin- 
kead, daughter Eliza Pearce (Geo. B. Kinkead), daughter Anne 
Clark (James A. Pearce), daughter Gen. Johnathan Clark (Sarah 
Hite), son Anne Rogers (John Clark), daughter John R. (Mary 
Byrd), son Giles Rogers. 

251. Rev. F, H. Gaines married first Mary Lewis, daughter 
Dr. Wm. L. (Mary McFarland), son Anne McQanahan (Dr. 
Andrew Lewis), daughter Wm. McC. (Sarah Neely), son 
Robert McClanahan and Sarah Breckinridge. 

252. Rev. S. Y. Garrison married Jane H. Poage, daughter 
Gen. Robert Poage (Jane Hopkins), son Wm. P. (Anne Ken- 
nedy, Mrs. Wilson), son Robert Poage. 

253. Rev. Samuel Garner married Margaret F. Walker, daugh- 
ter Mary E. Brown (James Alex. W.), daughter Daniel B. 
(Eliz. McChesney), son (Rev. Samuel Brown), Mary Moore, 
daughter Martha Poage (James Moore), daughter John Poage. 

254. Rev. Chas. Ghiselin married Frances Morrison, daughter 
Dr. S. B. M. (Mary Gold), son Frances Brown (Rev. 
James M.), daughter Mary Moore, see No. 67. 

255. Rev. Joseph Howard Gibbons married Mary Stribling 
Anderson, daughter Mary E. Menefee (Wm. F. A.), daughter 
Mary Tate Crawford (J. Y. Menefee), daughter James Craw- 


ford (Mary Tate Stribling), son Geo. C. (Florence Hender- 
son), son Geo. C. and Elizabeth Poage, daughter Robert Poage. 

256. Rev. R. A. Gibson, Bishop Episcopal Church in Vir- 
ginia, married Susan Baldwin Stuart, daughter Frances Baldwin 
(Hon. A. H. H. Stuart), daughter Briscoe G. B. (Martha 
Brown), son Dr. Cornelius B. (Mary Briscoe), son EHjah B., 
son Nathanael B. (Mary Cougar), son John B. (Hannah Bruen), 
son John Baldwin of Milford, 1639, and Mary, his first wife. 

257. Rev. Charles Gilkeson married Margaret Leyburn, daugh- 
ter Edward L. (Margaret Kerr), son Dr. Alfred L. and 
Anne E. Caruthers, daughter Wm. C. (Phebe Alexander), son 
Capt. John C. and Anne Poage, daughter John Poage. 

258. Rev. S. D. Gordon, author of "Quiet Hours," married 
Maiy Kilgore, daughter Anne E. Rogers (E. Y, Kilgore), daugh- 
ter John T. R. (Olivia Lewis — from Francis Sampson), son 
Edmund R. (Mary Shirley), son George R. (Frances Pollard), 
son John R. (Mary Byrd), son Giles Rogers. 

259. Rev. Augustus Houston Hamilton married Mary A. 
Moffett, daughter Mary Vance Poage, widow Robert Beale 
(Harry Miller Moffett), daughter Major Wm. P. (Nancy War- 
wick, widow Thos. Gatewood), son Wm, P. (Margaret Davis), 
son John P. (Mary Blair), son Robert Poage. 

260. Rev. Wm. C. Handy married Marie Lettice Preston 
Breckinridge, daughter Rev. Dr. R. J. B, (Anne Sophonisba 
Preston), son John B. (Mary Cabell), son Robert B. (Letitia 
Preston), son Alexander Breckinridge. 

261. Rev. Frank G. Hartman married Caroline Baskerville, 
daughter Alice Merle Sampson (Charles Baskerville), daughter 
Dr. Francis Sampson. 

262. Rev. Thos. H. Havenner married Mary Cornelia Wilson, 
daughter Riev. Norval W. (Cornelia L. Howland), son Mary 
Poage (Hon. Thos. W.), daughter Thos P. (Agnes Mc- 
Clanahan), son Robert Poage. 

263. Rev. Frank H. Havenner married Cornelia Wilson, 
daughter Bishop Alpheus Wilson (Susan Bond Lipscomb), son 
Rev. Norval Wilson, see No. 189, Robert Poage. 

264. Rev. James Haynes married Susan Eliz. Shanklin, daugh- 
ter Andrew D. S. (Rebecca Thomas), son Polly Shirkey 


(Robert Shanklin), daughter Eliz. Poage (James Shirkey), 
daughter Geo. P. (Rachel McClung), son Robert Poage. 

265. Rev. U. S. A. Hevener married Virginia Wanless, daugh- 
ter Rev. Geo. Poage Wanless and Anne Poage, daughter Geo. P. 
(Mary Rankin), son Wm, P. (Mary Crawford, daughter Eliz. 
Poage and Geo. C.), son John P. (Mary Blair), son Robert 

266. Rev. Moses Hoge, D. D., married Elizabeth Poage, 
daughter John P. (Mary Blair), son Robert Poage. 

267. Rev. James Hoge, No. 103 (son Eliz. Poage), married 
Jane Woods, daughter Andrew W. (Mary McCuUough), son 
x\ndrew W. (Martha Poage), son Michael Woods. 

268. Rev. John Blair Hoge, No. 104, married second Eliz. B. 
Moore, daughter James Moore (Nancy Shannon), son James 
Moore and Martha Poage, daughter John Poage and Jean 

269. Rev. Matthew Houston married Margaret Cloyd, daugh- 
ter Eliz. Woods (David Cloyd), daughter Andrew W. (Martha 
Poage), son Michael Woods. 

270. Rev. M. Hale Houston, D. D., married second Alice Mc- 
Ewan, daughter Wm. McE. (Matilda Clark), son Sophia Hous- 
ton (Rev. Alex. McE.), daughter Martha Cloyd (Matthew 
Plouston), daughter Eliz. Woods (David Cloyd), see No. 269. 

271. Rev. Wm. Irvine married EHz. Lacy Hoge, daughter Rev. 
Dr. Wm. H. (Mary Ballard), son Rev. Dr. Samuel Davies H. 
(Eliz. Lacy), son Eliz. Poage (Rev. Moses Hoge), daughter 
John P. (Mary Blair), son Robert Poage. 

2^2. Rev. Wm. Irvine married Anna Craig Goodloe, daugh- 
ter Judge Wm. E. G. (Almira Owsley), son Susannah Woods 
(Wm. Goodloe), daughter Archibald Woods, Madison Co., Ky. 
(Mourning Shelton), son W^m. W. and Susannah Wallace, son 
and niece Michael Woods. 

273. Rev. C. K. Jenness married Harriet R. Eaves, daughter 
David Wm. Eaves (Anne C. Weir), son Jane Short (Saimders 
Eaves), daughter Jane Scott (David Short), daughter Sarah 
Poage (Nathan Scott), daughter Robert Poage (Jean Wallace, 
granddaughter Michael Woods), son Robert Poage. 

274. Rev. John King married Eliz. McDowell, daughter John 


275. Rev. R. A. Lapsley married Catherine Rutherford Walker, 
daughter Mary Woods (John Moore Walker), daughter 
James W. (Anne Rayburn), son Andrew W. (Martha Poage), 
son Michael Woods. 

276. Rev. Wm. Johnston Lapsley, No. 120, married Eliza A. 
Yantis, daughter Rev. Dr. John Lapsley Y. (Eliza M. Mont- 
gomery), No, 207, Michael Woods. 

277. Rev. Robur Lauck married Julia Wilson, daughter Mary 
Poage (Hon. Thos. Wilson), daughter Thos. P. (Agnes Mc- 
Clanahan), son Robert Poage. 

278. Rev. J. N. Lewis married Jane McClanahan, daughter 
Elijah McC. (Agatha S. Lewis), son Wm. McC. (Sarah Neely), 
son Robert McClanahan and Sarah Breckinridge. 

279. Rev. Geo. L. Leyburn married Phebe Wilson, daughter 
Phebe Caruthers (John Wilson), daughter Wm. Caruthers 
(Phebe Alexander), son Anne Poage (Capt. John Caruthers), 
daughter John Poage. 

280. Rev. E. J. Lindsay married Eliz. Hunter, daughter Eliz. 
P. Williamson (Andrew Hunter), daughter Margaret Poage 
(Rev. Thos. S. Williamson), see No. 47. 

281. Rev. Robert T. Listen married Isabel Lapsley, daughter 
Judg^ James Woods L. (Sarah Pratt), son Rev. R. A. L., see 
1x6, Michael Woods. 

282. R^ev. Geo. T. Lyle married Eliz. Lacy Marquess, daugh- 
ter Anne Lacy Hoge, see No. 124. Robert Poage. 

283. Rev. Samuel L. McAfee married Mary E. Poage, daugh- 
ter Rev. Josiah B. P. (Frances Arbuckle), son Robert P. 
(Mary P.), son Geo. P. (Anne Allen), son Wm. P. (Eliz. P.), 
son John P. (Mary Blair), son Robert Poage. 

284. Rev. Alonzo McAllister married Emma A. Poage, daugh- 
ter Marcus P. (Susan Burgess), son James P. (Jane P.), son 
Wm. P. (Margaret Davis), son Robert P. (Mary Hopkins), son 
John P. (Mary Blair), son Robert Poage. 

285. Rev. Hervey McDowell married Jane K. Lusk, daughter 
Mary Faulkner (Wm. Lusk), daughter Jane Kavenaugh (John 
Faulkner), daughter Wm. K. (Eliz. Miller), son Eliz. Woods 
(Philemon K.), daughter Wm. Woods and Susannah Wallace, 
son and niece Michael Woods. 

286. Rev. Alex. McEwan married Sophia Houston, daughter 


Martha Cloyd (Matthew Houston), daughter Eliz. Woods (David 
Cloyd), daughter Andrew Woods (Martha Poage), son Michael 

287. Rev. Alex. J. McKelway married Rutherford Smith, 
daughter Mary Moore Morrison (Rev. B. M. Smith), daughter 
Frances Brown (Rev. James Morrison), daughter Mary Moore 
(Rev. Samuel Brown), see 67. 

288. Rev. Henry Woods McLaughlin, No. 129, married Nellie 
Swan Brown, daughter Rev. John C. B. (Amanda V. Tompkins), 
son Rev. James Moore B. (Mary A. Bell), son Mary Moore, 
see 67, John Poage. 

289. Rev. Wm. McPheeters married Eliz. McDowell, daugh- 
ter John McD. (Sarah McD.), son Judge Samuel McD. (Mary 
McClung), son Magdalena Woods (Capt. John McDowell), 
daughter Michael Woods. 

290. Rev, W. M. McPheeters, D. D., married Emma Gold 
Morrison, daughter Dr. S. B. M. (Mary Gold), son Frances 
Brown (Rev. James Morrison), son Mary Moore, see 67, 

Rev. Alex. McWhorter m. Phebe Bruen, daughter Caleb 
W. B., son of Caleb B. (Anna Wheeler), see No. 6 — John- 

291. Rev. Mr. Martin married Martha Ruff, daughter Martha 
Wallace (Judge John Ruff), daughter Martha Woods (Peter 
Wallace), daughter Michael Woods. 

292. Rev. J. B. Massey married Grace McLaughlin, daughter 
Judge Andrew McL. (Mary Price), daughter Margaret Davis 
Poage (James A. Price), daughter Major Wm. P. (Nancy War- 
wick, Mrs. Gatewood), son Wm. P. (Margaret Davis), son 
John P. (Mary Blair), son Robert Poage. 

293. Rev. John Meeker married Mary G. Poage, daughter 
Thos. J. P. (Mary Strain), son Cyrus P. (Mary Hamilton), son 
John P. (Rebecca Hopkins), son John P. (Mary Blair), son 
Robert Poage. 

294. Rev. John Miller, D. D., married Sally C. P. McDowell, 
daughter Gov. Jas. McD. (Susan Preston), son Col. James McD. 
(Sarah Preston), son Magdelena Woods (Capt. John McD.), 
daughter Michael Woods. 

295. Rev. Charles Miller married Fanny McClanahan, daugh- 
ter Elijah McC. (Agatha Strother Lewis), son Wm. McC. 


(Sarah Neely), son Robert McClanahan and Sarah Breckin- 

296. Rev. Waher Mitchell married Susan Glass Baker, daugh- 
ter Samuel B. (Jennie Taylor), son James Carr B. (Susan 
Glass), son Samuel B. (Betsy Gamble), son Samuel Baker 
(Eliz. Brown). 

297. Rev. Wm. H. Mitchell married Cornelia, daughter Dr. 
Cornelius Baldwin (Mary Throgmorton, first wife), son Elijah, 
son Nathanael (Mary Cougar), son John (Hannah Brown), son 
John Baldwin, of Milford, and Mary, his first wife. 

298. Rev. Geo. P. Moore married Elizabeth, daughter James 
Rankin Poage (Eliz. Lightfoot Harper), son Geo. P. (Mary 
Rankin), son Wm. P. (Mary Crawford, daughter Eliz. P.), son 
John P. (Mary Blair), son Robert Poage. 

299. Rev. Alfred J. Morrison married Portia Lee Atkinson, 
daughter Mary Briscoe Baldwin and Rev. Dr. J. M. P. Atkin- 
son, see No. 211, John Baldwin, of Milford. 

300. Rev. James Morrison married Frances Brown, daughter 
Mary Moore, see No. 67, John Poage. 

301. Rev. George Morrison married Sarah C. Breckinridge, 
daughter Rev. Dr. R. J, B. (Anne Sopronisba Preston), son 
John B. (Mary Hopkins Cabell), son Robt. B. (Letitia Pres- 
ton), son Alexander Breckinridge. 

302. Rev. Robert Nail, D. D., married Eliz. Hoge, daughter 
Jane Woods (Rev. James Hoge, D. D., son Eliz. Poage), daugh- 
ter Andrew W. (Mary McCullough), son Andrew W. (Martha 
Poage), son Michael Woods. 

303. Rev. John Samuel Owsley married Malinda Miller, 
daughter Thos. Woods M. (Mary J. Hockley), son Susannah 
Woods (Daniel Miller), daughter Col. John W. (Susannah An- 
derson), son Michael Woods. 

304. Rev. James Park, D. D., married Phebe Alexander, daugh- 
ter Juliet Caruthers (Wm. Alex.), daughter Wm. C. (Phebe 
Alex.), son Anne Poage (Capt. John Caruthers), daughter John 

305. Rev. Alex. Parker married Amanda, daughter Robert 
Watson Poage (Anne Johnston), son Robt. P. (Mary Hopkins), 
son John P. (Mary Blair), son Robert Poage. 


306. Rev. Henry Martyn Parsons, D. D., married Elizabeth, 
daughter Russell Dudley and Mary Baldwin. 

Rev. John Patton m. Catherine E. Bruen, dau. Rev. James l>. 
(Catherine Baldwin). See Henry Bruen, No. 6. 

307. Rev. James D. Paxton, D. D., married Helen Jane Pax- 
ton, daughter James W. P. (Margaret D. Smith), son Jane Wil- 
son (Dr. John Paxton), daughter Mary Reed (James Wilson), 
daughter Wm. Reed (Nancy Miller), son Col. James Reed and 
Margaret Floyd. 

308. Rev. Geo. K. Perkins married Eliz. Catherine Ophelia, 
daughter Dr. Wm. Gray (Hettie B. Winn), son Margaret Woods 
(David Gray), daughter Michael W., Jr. (Anne Lambert), son 
Michael Woods. 

309. Rev. John W. Perry married Margaret A., daughter Thos. 
G. Poage (Mary Mackey), son Robt. P. (Mary Goodson), son 
Robt. P. (Jean Wallace), son Robert Poage. 

310. Rev. A. W. Pitzer, D. D., married Laura McClanahan, 
daughter Elijah McC. (Sarah M. Hurt), son Green McC. (Eliz. 
Griffin), son Wm. McC. (Sarah Neely), son Robert Mc- 
Clanahan. and Sarah Breckinridge. 

312. Rev. John Alex. Preston, D. D., married Eliz. Cortlandt 
Smith, daughter Mary Moore Morrison (Rev. Dr. B. M. Smith), 
daughter Frances Brown (Rev. James Morrison), daughter 
Mary Moore, see No. (yj, John Poage. 

313. Rev. Matthew Branch Porter married Lucy Reno, daugh- 
ter Mary Short (Lewis Reno), daughter Johnathan Short (Lucy 
Wing), son Jane Scott (David Short), daughter Sarah Poage 
(Nathan Scott), daughter Robert P. (Jean Wallace, granddaugh- 
ter Michael Woods), Robert Poage. 

314. Rev. P. B. Price married third wife, Rebecca Houston, 
daughter Andrew H. (Mary A. Russell), son Martha Cloyd 
(Matthew Houston), daughter Eliz. Woods (David Cloyd), 
daughter Andrew W. (Martha Poage), son Michael Woods. 

315. Rev. Ion Pugh married Harriet Todd, daughter Anna 
Bellinger (Harry J. Todd), daughter Susannah Davidson (Irwin 
Bellinger), daughter Col. Jonas Davidson and Mary Woods, 
daughter Wm. W. and Susannah Wallace, son and niece 
Michael Woods. 

316. Rev. Gooch Railey married Sarah Barclay, daughter John 


Woods B. (Sarah Williams), son Mary Woods (Hugh Barclay), 
daughter Michael W., Jr. (Esther Caruthers), son Col. John W. 
(Susannah Anderson, daughter Rev. James Anderson), son 
Michael Woods. 

Rev. James M. Richardson m. Mary Frances Woods, dau. Rev. 
Hervey Woods, No. 198. 

317. Rev. Nicholas Hill Robertson married Mary Walker, 
daughter Josephine Sampson (Dr. W. T. Walker), daughter 
Richard Sampson. 

318. Rev. C. W. Robinson married Ellen Rogers, daughter 
John T. R. (Olivia Lewis), son Edmund R. (Mary Shirley), son 
Geo. R. (Frances Pollard), son John R. (Mary Byrd), son 
Giles Rogers. 

319. Rev. Gdon H. Rout, D. D., married Mary Br. Young, 
daughter Frances A. Breckinridge (Rev. Dr. John Clark Young), 
daughter Joseph C. Br. (Mary Qay Smith), son John Br. (Mary 
Cabell), son Robert Br. (Letitia Preston), son Alexander 

320. Rev. David Rupel married Sarah Melling, daughter Mar- 
garet Scott (Andrew Melling), daughter Nathan Scott and 
Sarah Poage, daughter Robert Poage (Jean Wallace, grand- 
daughter Michael Woods), son Robert Poage. 

321. Rev. Edwin Rutherford, D. D., married Jane Eliza 
Young, sister to No. 319. 

322. Rev. M. A. Sackett married Susanna P. Hoge, daughter 
Jane Woods (Andrew, Andrew, Michael Woods), and Rev. 
Dr. James Hoge, son Eliz. Poage (Rev. Moses Hoge), daughter 
John P. (Mary Blair), son Robert Poage. 

3-3. Rev. Francis Sampson married Caroline Dudley your 

324. Rev. Thornton R. Sampson married Ella Royster, daugh- 
ter Frank W. R. (Helen Lake), son Eliz. Sampson (David Roys- 
ter), daughter Richard S. (Anne Curd), son Stephen S. (EUz. 
Thornton), son Stephen S. (Mary Woodson), son Francois 

325. Rev. Alexander Pierce Saunders, D. D., married Susan 
R. Baskerville, daughter Alice Sampson (Charles Baskerville), 
daughter Rev. Dr. Francis Sampson. 

326. Rev. Henry Searight married Ellen B. Armistead, daugh- 


tcr Robert L. A. (Nannie Minor Meriwether Humphreys), son 
of Robina Woods (Wm. Armistead), daughter Robt. W. (Sarah 
West), son James W. (Nancy Rayburn), son Andrew W. 
(Martha Poage), son Michael Woods. 

327. Rev. Isaac Shepherd married Ehz. Poage, daughter Mary 
Woods (James P.), daughter Andrew W. (Martha Poage), son 
Michael Woods. 

328. Rev. M. Slack married AngeUca Key, daughter Sarah 
Woods (Jesse P. Key), daughter Wm. W. (Mary Jarman), son 
Wm. W. (Susannah Wallace), son and niece of Michael 

329. Rev. Benj. Mosby Smith, D. D., married Mary Moore 
Morrison, daughter Frances Brown (Rev. James M.), daughter 
Mary Moore, see No. 67. 

330. Rev. Edward Smith married Harriet Allen, daughter Jane 
Poage (Joseph Allen), daughter Robt. P. (Margaret Mitchell), 
son John Poage. 

331. Rev. (Gen.) Green Clay Smith married Cornelia Duke, 
daughter Mary Buford (James H. Duke), daughter Martha Mc- 
Dowell (Col. Abraham Buford), daughter Judge Samuel McD. 
(Mary McQung), son Magdalena Woods (Capt. John Mc- 
Dowell), daughter Michael Woods. 

332. Rev. Wade C. Smith married Zaidee Lapsley, daughter 
Judge James Woods L. (Sarah E. Pratt), son Rev. Robt. A. 
Lapsley and Catherine Rutherford Walker, daughter Margaret 
Woods (John Moore Walker), daughter James W. (Nancy Ray- 
burn), son Andrew W. (Martha Poage), son Michael Woods. 

333. Rev. Lewis Speaker married Mary Kahn, daughter 
Minnie Short (Isaac Kahn), daughter Jonathan Short (Lucy 
Wing), son Jane Scott (David Short), daughter Sarah Poage 
(Nathan Scott), daughter Robert P. (Jean Wallace, granddaugh- 
ter Michael Woods), son Robert Poage. 

334. Rev. Joseph Spriggs married Magdalen Campbell Ruff, 
daughter Martha Wallace (Judge John Ruff), daughter Col. 
Samuel W. (Rebekah Anderson), son Martha Woods (Peter 
Wallace), daughter and nephew Michael Woods. 

335. Rev. Abraham Still married Martha Poage Moore, daugh- 
ter James M. (Barbara Taylor), son James M, and Martha 
Poage, daughter John Poage. 


336. Rev. John Timothy Stone, D. D., Moderator Genl. Assem- 
bly, U. S. A. married Ehz Dudley Parsons, daughter EHz. Dudley 
(Rev. Dr. Henry M. P.)., daughter Russell Dudley and Mary 
Baldwin, see No. 306. 

337. Rev. M. Strahan married Charlotte Duke, sister to Mrs. 
Green Clay Smith, see No. 331. 

338. Rev. Edward B. Surface married Eulalia Jane Hall, 
daughter Eliz. G. Howard (David P. Hall), daughter Jane 
Shelor (Joseph Howard), daughter (Daniel Shelor) Joanna 
Goodson, daughter Eliz. Poage (Thos. Goodson), daughter 
Robt. P. (Jean Wallace, granddaughter Michael Woods), son 
Robert Poage. 

339. Rev. Thos. Sydnor married Blanche McClanahan, daugh- 
ter James McClanahan (Eliz. Walton), son Wm. McC. (Sarah 
Neely), son Robert McClanahan and Sarah Breckinridge. 

340. Rev. R. L. Telford married Anna Boone Brown, daugh- 
ter Rev, Dr. John C. Br. (Virginia Tompkins), son Rev. Dr. 
James Moore Brown (Mary A. Bell), son Mary Moore, sec 
No. 67. 

341. Rev. Benj. Temple married Eleanor Clark, daughter G^n. 
Jonathan Clark (Sarah Hite), son John Clark and Anne Rogers, 
daughter John R. (Mary Byrd), son Giles Rogers. 

342. Rev. Benj. F. Thomas married Sarah R. A. Hamlin, 
daughter Margaret Poage (Nath. Hamlin), daughter Allen 
Poage (Margaret Terrell), son Geo. P. (Anne Allen), son 
John P. (Mary Blair), son Robert Poage. 

343. Rev. Corydon W. Trawick married Louise Nail, daugh- 
ter Rev. Dr. James Nail, see No 302 and Anna S. McMahon. 

344. Rev. Grayson L. Tucker married Harriet Easley Wilson, 
daughter Fanny Owen and Rev. Thornton S. Wilson, see No. 188. 

345. Rev. George Van Eman married Elizabeth Poage, daugh- 
ter Moses Hoge Poage (Martha McDonnald), son Wm. P. (Mar- 
garet Davis), son John P. (Mary Blair), son Robert Poage. 

346. Rev. Caleb Wallace married Sarah McDowell, daughter 
Judge Samuel McDowell (Mary McClung), son Magdalena 
Woods (Capt. John McD.), daughter Michael Woods. 

347. Rev. A. A. Wallace married Anne Lacy Marquess, daugh- 
ter Anne Lacy Hoge, see No. 124. 

348. Rev. Maurice Waller married Eliz. Marshall, daughter 



Phebe Paxton (Col. Chas. Marshall), daughter Maria Marshall 
(James Alex. Paxton), daughter Mary McDowell (Alex. Keith 
Marshall), daughter Judge Samuel McD. (Mary McClung), son 
Magdalena Woods (Capt. John McD.), daughter Michael 

349. Rev. Benj. Breckinridge Warfield married Anne Kin- 
kead, daughter Eliza Pearce (Geo. B. Kinkead), daughter Anne 
Clark (James A. Pearce), daughter Gen. Johnathan Qark (Sarah 
Hite), son Anne Rogers (John Clark), daughter John R. (Mary 
Byrd, daughter Wm. Byrd I), son Giles Rogers. 

350. Rev. Samuel Watkins married Alice Horsley, daughter 
John H. (Mary Mildred Cabell), son W^m. H. (Mary Cabell), 
son Robert Horsley, d. 1704. 

351. Rev. Robert A. White, D. D., married Margaret Donaghe, 
daughter Mary B. Baldwin (W. W. Donaghe), daughter Dr. 
Cornelius B. (Mary Briscoe), son Elijah, Nathanael, John 
(Hannah Bruen) John Baldwin of Milford, 1639, and Mary, 
his first wife. 

352. Rev. Wm. H. Whitsitt, D. D., married Florence Wallace, 
daughter Samuel B. W. (Anne M. Taylor), son Samuel W. 
(Anne Mayer), son Rev. Caleb W. (Rosanna Christian), see 
No. 177 — Michael Woods. 

353. Rev. Edgar W. Williams married Emily Addison Irvine, 
daughter Lacy Hoge (Rev. Wm. Irvine), daughter Rev. Dr. 
Wm. Hoge (Mary Ballard), son Rev. Dr. Samuel Davies Hoge 
(Eliz. Rice Lacy), son Eliz. Poage (Rev. Moses Hoge), daugh- 
ter John P. (Mary Blair), son Robert Poage. 

354. Rev. Thos. S. WilHamson married Margaret Poage, 
daughter Mary Woods (James Poage), daughter Andrew W. 
(Martha Poage), son Michael Woods. 

Rev. James M. Wilson married Celia Rogers, daughter Rev. 
Thornton Rogers, No. 160. 

355. Rev. J. C. Wooten married Mary Leona Poage, daughter 
Simeon P. (Amanda Bookman), son Wm. Burton P. (Mary A. 
Gregg), son Allen P. (Margaret Terrell), son Geo. P. (Anne 
Allen), son John P. (Mary Blair), son Robert Poage. 

356. Rev. Christopher Wyatt married Mary Angelica Croghan, 
daughter Geo. R. C. (Serena Livingstone), son Wm. C. and 
Lucy Clark (sister Gen. Rogers Clark), daughter Anne Rogers 


(John Clark), daughter John R. (Mary Byrd), son Giles 

357. Rev. John Clark Young, D. D., married Frances Anne 
Breckinridge, daughter Joseph C. Br. (Mary Clay Smith, Prince- 
ton), son John B. (Mary Cabell), son Robt. Br. (Letitia Pres- 
ton), son Alexander Breckinridge. 

358. Rev. John Young married Rebecca (Betty) A\'oods, 
daughter Luther W. (Mary Ellen, "Molly" Neel), son An- 
drew W. (Rebecca Bryson), son Andrew W. (Mary Mc- 
Cullough), son Andrew W. (Martha Poage), son Michael 

With these you children should remember eight others of 
whom we know, who had given themselves to the ministry, but 
the War between the States came while they were preparing to 
preach the Gospel, and they laid down their lives for their 

359. Thornton Baxter, son of Susan Rogers and Rev. Joseph 
Baxter, see No. 215, Giles Rogers. 

360. Thornton Caruthers, son Adeline Rogers (Edward 
Caruthers, brother Mrs. J. T. L. Preston and so from John 
PoAGE, see No. 165,) daughter Rev. Thornton Rogers; see No. 
160, Giles Rogers. 

361. Archibald Woods Houston, brother to Rev. W. W. Hous- 
ton, see No. iii, Michael Woods. 

362. Lieut. Achilles Whitlock Hoge, son Dr. Thos. Hoge 
(Mary Claiborne Whitlock), son Rev. Moses Hoge and Eliz. 
Poage, see No. 266, Robert Poage. 

363. Moses Hoge, brother to No. 362, Robert Poage. 

364. James Wilson Poague, brother to Mrs. Edward Lane, 
see No. 23, John Poage. 

365. Franklin Preston, son Sally Lyle Caruthers (Col. J. T. 
L. Preston), daughter Wm. Caruthers (Phebe Alexander), son 
Anne Poage (Capt. John Caruthers), daughter John Poage and 
Jean Somers. 

366. Hugh Phillips Woods, son Hugh W. (Elvira Ray), son 
Samuel W. (Elizabeth Woods), son John W. (Anne Lewis), 
son Wm. Woods of N. C, brother to Michael Woods. 

The following also prepared to preach but died before reach- 
ing licensure. 


367. James Morrison Brown, son Rev. Dr. James Moore 
Brown, see No. 64, John Poage. 

368. Joseph Lapsley, son R. A. Lapsley and Catherine Walker, 
see No. 275, Michael Woods. 

369. Nelson Massie, son Nathanael Hardin Massie (Eliza Nel- 
son), son Susan Woods (Nathanael O. Massie), daughter 
Michael Woods (Esther Caruthers), son Col. John W. (Rebekah 
Anderson), son Michael Woods. 

370. Josiah Morrison Smith, son Mary Moore Morrison and 
Rev. Dr. B. M. Smith, see No. 329, John Poage. 

371. Edward Payson Woods, brother to Neander Woods, see 
No. 208, Michael Woods. 

The following are at present, 1922, studying in Richmond, at 
Union Theological Seminary, the General Assembly's Training 
School, and the Richmond Medical College, for the Ministry or 
other missionary service. 

2;j2. Jean JacqueUne Dupuy, daughter Mary Sampson (Dr. 
J. J. Dupuy), daughter Rev. Dr. Francis Sampson. 

373. Frances G. Glasgow, daughter Nannie Morrison (Dr. 
Wm. Glasgow), sister to Mrs. W^m. M. McPreeters, No, 290. 

374. Samuel N. Lapsley, son Rev. Jas. W. Lapsley (Florence 
Morrow), see No. 114. 

375. Robert A. Liston, son Isabel Lapsley (Rev. R. A. Lis- 
ton), daughter Judge Jas. Woods Lapsley, see No. 114. 

376. Cothran Smith, son Zaidee Lapsley, daughter Judge 
James Woods Lapsley (Rev. Wade C. Smith), see No. 114. 

377. Mary Kenna Walker, daughter Rev. Wm. T. \\'alker. No. 
176, and Mary Kenna Stokes. 

378. Edgar Archibald Woods, son Dr. James B. Woods, No. 
55, and Elizabeth Smith. 

379. James Baker \\'oods, Jr., son Dr. James B. Woods, 
brother to 378. 

380. John Russell Woods, son Dr. James B. Woods, see 
brother to 378. 

381. Mary Barclay Woods, daughter Dr. Edgar Woods, No. 
52, and Frances A. Smith. 

382. Jessie \\'oods Hill, daughter Brainerd Taylor Hill (Jennie 
Wise), son Sarah Woods McRoberts and Wm. Harrison Hill, 
is surely of our Clan, but we have not yet found from what 


"Grandmother Sarah Woods" the name came. If someone will 
tell me I shall be much obliged. 

It has been interesting to gather these names, and I have had 
distinguished help. Both the late Thos. Marshall Green, author of 
"Historic Families of Kentucky," and the late Prof. Andrew 
Woods Williamson took great interest in my search, and sent 
me many I did not know, with "pedigree" carefully written out. 
Disappointments have been encountered in the cross-currents of 
intermarriages. Years ago when Leighton Stuart and Lacy 
MofTett were at Pantops making their plans for the Forward 
Movement, we three were sure we were Kin! But the 
McDowell-Moffetts and the Woods-Stuarts did not yield the 
missing link. Last winter I found that the McPheeters, who 
married a McDowell, was an ancestor of the Crawfords and so 
of Lacy's mother; but alas, another record showed that she and 
her baby died together, and a second wife was the great- 
grandmother of all these six fine Crawford-Moffetts in 
China. Searching out the Lacy who married another of Magda- 
lenas' line, I received a typewritten record of Lacys which said 
she was his mother instead of his wife ! This would have brought 
into the list another group including Miss Sallie Lacy and "Aunt 
Bess." But our kinsman, Wm. Alexander Ross, to whom I 
turned for confirmation, found in Lexington both the marriage 
record in the Court House proving she was wife, not mother of 
Dr. Lacy, and the tombstones in the cemetery. However, as 
Russell said of his mother, "we are kin enough." 

Bishop Dudley, of Kentucky, thought he belonged to Wm. 
Dudley, but I could not find the connecting generations. Nor 
did I put Bp. Richard Sampson in the list, since no record 
supports the tradition, as it does in John Rogers' case. 

For the same reason, I have included none of all the fine Pres- 
ton preachers, except the sons of Sally Lyle Caruthers and Col. 
T. L. Preston; for I do not know by any record that Robert 
Poage's wife, Elizabeth Preston, was John Preston's sister. 
However, I believe all these, and the Campbells as well, are our 
kindred. But as there are no records extant to prove the facts, 
we welcome but do not count them. 

Because of delay in obtaining certain data, until the numbering 
was all set in type, ten names inserted in the list of 382 are 


unnumbered. Two figures were accidently shifted ; one lost, 
one so that my daughter Mrs. R. V. Taylor, with involuntary 
courtesy ( !) has yielded her number to a late comer. The whole 
number therefore should be 391. 


The summary as to famiUes is interesting, though not quite 
just perhaps, because by the unwearied labor of my father and 
others, there is so much more information in some lines than in 
others. Doubtless there are those we should love to include, 
and those who know of such will confer a favor by telling me 
of them. 

But of these knozi'ii, there are from 

Francois Sampson 18 

15 of these are also from 

Giles Rogers, making 47 

Wm. Dudley 18 

these also from 

John Baldwin, making 45 

and from 

Sir John Le Bruen, who has 7 exclusive 34 

Robert McClanahan 46 

these also from 

Alexander Breckinridge, making 59 

Samuel Baker 11 

James Reed 14 

David and Samuel Kennedy 15 

John Poage 47 

including Mary Moore 27 

Robert Poage 154 

Michael Woods 155 

From these last two together are 89, the children in five genera- 
tions of Andrew Woods, son of Michael and Martha Poage, 
daughter of Robert, the one who prayed for her "children and 
children's children and her posterity to the latest generation." 


To trace out a descent from kings is hardly worth the trou- 
ble; but to find it already done is rather interesting. Nor is such 
an ancestry an improbability. "Nearly all the great houses allied 
to royalty in the 14th century died out in the male line during 
the Wars of the Roses. But the Heralds' Visitations were the 
more careful to record alHances of daughters, and a vast num- 
ber of persons can be clearly shown such descent. The conti- 
nental method of rank never prevailed in England and this faciH- 
tated the transmission of kingly blood through all classes. Will- 
iam the Conqueror if alive, could number, like Abraham, his seed 
as the stars of heaven; he has probably 150 million; on the other 
hand going back, without allowance for crossing of lines, each 
of us could have, in 27 generations, 95 million ancestors !" So 
there is plenty of room for Alfred the Great and Charlemagne ! 
It is well known that a butcher fined for displaying the Royal 
Arms over his shop in London proved his descent from Edward 
III. Perhaps every one of your lines might lead back to a king. 
No effort has been made, or search. But these elsewhere found 
are here inscribed. "Take it for what it is worth." 

The Royal Descent of John Rogers, from Record in 
British Museum 

I. Alfred the Great; 2. Edward; 3. Edmund I; 4. Edgar the 
Peaceful; 5. Ethelred II; 6. Edmund Ironsides; 7. Edward the 
Exile; 8. Margaret, queen Malcolm III of Scotland; 9. Matilda, 
queen Henry I; 10. Maud married Geoffrey Plantagenet; 11. 
Henry II, nth from Charlemagne; 12. (Richard Coeur de Lion) ; 
13. John, 14. Henry III; 15. Edward I; 16. Princess Elizabeth 
married Earl of Her ford; 17. Lady Margaret de Bohun married 
Hugh Earl of Devon ; 18. Sir Philip de Courtenay married Anne, 
daughter Sir Thos. Wake ; 19. Sir John de Courtenay married 
Joan Champerdowne Lady Chudleigh ; 20. Sir Philip de Courtenay 
married Elizabeth, daughter Lord Hungerf ord ; 21. Katharine de 
Courtenay married Thos. Rogers of "Bradford"; 22. John Rogers 
of "Deritend" married Margery, daughter Sir Henry Wyatt of 
Abingdon Castle; 23. John Rogers the Martyr. 


The Royal Descent of Rev. Dr. Francis S. Sampson — 
from "Americans of Royal Descent^' by Browning 
I. William the Conqueror; 2. Wm. Rufus; 3. Henry I, nth 
from Charlemagne; 4. Maud married Geoffrey Plantagenet; 
5. Henry II; (Richard Coeur de Lion) ; 7. John; 8. Henry HI; 
9. Edward I; 10. Edward II; 11. Edward HI; 12. John Duke of 
Lancaster; 13. Joan married Ralph, Earl of Westmoreland; 14. 
Edward Nevill Lord Bergavenny; 15. George Lord Bergavenny; 
16. George Lord Bergavenny; 17. Ursula married Sir Warham 
St. Leger; 18. Sir Warham St. Leger; 19. Ursula married Rev. 
Daniel Horsmanden; 20. Col Warham Horsmanden ; 21. Maria 
married Col. Wm. Byrd ; 22. Mary married John Rogers ; 23. 
Byrd Rogers married Mary Trice; 24. John Rogers married 
Susan Goodman; 25. Mary married Richard Sampson of 
"Dover" ; 26. Francis Sampson. 

The Royal Descent of Caroline Dudley, Mrs. Sampson — 
from "Americans of Royal Descent," by Browning 

I. Charlemagne; 2. Louis I; 3. Charles II; 4. Louis II; 
5. Charles HI; 6. Louis IV; 7. Gerberger married Albert de 
Vermandois; 8. Herbert Count de Vermandois ; 9. Otho Count 
de Vermandois; 10. Athelheld married Hugh Mangus; 11. Isabel 
married Wm. de Warren; 12. Isabel married Roger Bigod; 
13. Hugh, third Earl of Norfolk; 14. Sir Ralph Bigod; 15. Isabel 
married John Fitz Geoffrey; 16. John Fitz John, Chief Justice of 
Ireland; 17. Maud married Wm. de Beauchamp; 18. Guy, sec- 
ond Earl of Warwick; 19. Matilda married Geoffrey Baron de 
Say; 20. Idones married Sir John Baron Clinton; 21. Margaret 
married Sir Baldwin de Montfort; 22. Sir Wm. de Montfort; 
22. Sir Baldwin de Montfort; 24. Robert Montfort, Bescote; 
25. Katharine married Sir George Booth; 26. Sir Wm. Booth; 
2y. Jane married Sir Thos Holford; 28. Dorothy married Sir 
John Le Bruen, Bruen-Staplef ord, Cheshire ; 29. Sir John Bruen ; 
30. Mary married John Baldwin; 31. George Baldwin married 
Deborah Rose; 32. Israel B. married Dinah Butler; 33. Israel 
B. married Lydia Frisbie; 34. Jacob married Lucy Sharpe; 
35. Mary married Russell Dudley; 36. Caroline Dudley married 
Rev. Dr. Francis Sampson. 


Your father was also urged to become a member of the "Order 
of Runnymede" or descendants of the Barons of the Magna 
Charta, being, the secretary informed him, descended from eleven 
at least, of the Barons ! He probably felt he belonged to enough 
things, though not quite able to say with Miss Margaret Dick- 
son when asked if she belonged to the "King's Daughters," she 
repUed with full satisfaction, "No, I don't belong to anything but 
the Presbyterian Church!" 


An incomplete list of Colonial and Revolutionary ancestors. 
Incomplete, because all records of our early wars are frag- 
mentary ; and because I have never made search for many of 
these, but only such as I was told. 

Your Ancestors 
Bryson, James, Capt., Frontier Defense, 1774. 
Buck, Enoch Emmanuel, Member General Court, Connecticut. 
Byrd, Wm. I, Member House Burgesses, Receiving General 

Dudley, Jos., Member General Court, Connecticut, Town 

Dudley, Wm., Member General Court, Conn. 
Kennedy, Lieut. David, Virginia, 1775. 

M'Clanahan, Robert, Commissioner to treat with Indians, 1755. 
McDowell, Andrew, Col., 1759. 
McDowell, Andrew, Capt., 1759. 
Sampson, Stephen, Capt. Militia, Goochland County, Virginia, 


Revolutionary War 
Baldwin, Jacob, Lieut., U. S. N. 
Bryson, James, Capt. 
Curd, John, (Col. 1812.) 
Dudley, Amos. 
Goodman, Chas. 
Kennedy, David, Col. 
Reed, James, Col. 
Reed, Samuel, Lieut. (Col, (1812.) 
Sampson, Richard. 
Woods, Archibald, (Col., 1812.) 

hy Birth and Marriage 
Col. George Brown, brother to Mrs. Samuel Baker, Sr. 
Lieut. Samuel Bryson, brother to Capt. James Bryson. 


From Michael Woods 

Woods, John, Col., son. 

McDowell, John, Capt., married Magdalena, daughter. 

Bowyer, John, Col., married Magdalena, daughter. 

Woods, Adam, grandson. 

Woods, Andrew, grandson. 

Woods, John, grandson. 

Woods, Peter, grandson. 

Woods, Archibald, grandson, son of Andrew, Col., 1812. 
Youngest Member Virginia Const. Convention, 1788. 

Woods, Archibald, grandson, son of Wm., Capt. 

Woods, William, grandson. 

Woods, David, grandson. 

Woods, Samuel, grandson. 

Woods, James, Lieut., grandson. 

Wallace, Adam, grandson, Capt., son of Peter. 

Wallace, Andrew, grandson, Capt., son of Peter. 

Wallace, James, grandson. Ensign., son of Peter. 

Wallace, Samuel, grandson, Lieut., son of Peter. 

Wallace, Malcolm, grandson, Lieut., son of Peter. 

Wallace, Michael, Capt., son of William. 

McDowell, Samuel, grandson, Capt., Point Pleasant. Col., 1776. 
First Judge District of Kentucky. 

Gilmore, John, Col., married Eliz. Wallace, granddaughter. 

Davidson, Geo., Capt., married Mary Woods, granddaughter. 
In W^ar 1812 they had five sons, a son-in-law and five grand- 

McDowell, John, great-grandson, Maj., 1812. 

McDowell, Wm., great-grandson, Va. Leg., fr. Mercer Co., 
Ky. U. S. Dist. Judge, Ky., ap. Pres. Madison. 

McDowell, James, Rev. War at 16, Maj. Ky. forces 1792. 

McDowell, Samuel, Co., First U. S. Marshall, Ky. ap. by 
Gen. Washington, 1792, cont. by Adams and Jefferson. 

Moffett, Geo. married Sarah Mc D., granddaughter, Col. King's 
Mt. One Founders Lex. Acad., now Washington and Lee 

McDowell, James, First Sheriff Rockb. Co., grandson. 

Lapsley, John, grandson. 


Lapsley, Jos., Lieut. 

Buford, Abram, Col., grandson married Martha McD., great- 
granddaughter, Lt. Pt. Pleasant. 

Caperton, John, Capt., married Lucy Woods, great-grand- 

McDowell, Jos. M. C, of N. C, Col. King's Mt., married 
Margaret Moft'ett, great-granddaughter. 

McDowell, Chas., Capt., married Marg. McDowell, great- 

Carson, John, second husband Mary Moffett, great-grand- 

McDowell, Jas., of N. C, Col., great-great-grandson. 

Yantis, John, Col., married Priscilla Lapsley, great-grand- 

Todd, John, Capt., married Martha Hawkins, great-grand- 

Wallace, Wm., great-grandson. 

Woods, Wm., great-grandson. 

Col. George Brown, brother of Mrs. Samuel Baker, Sr. 

Lieut. Samuel Bryson, brother to Capt. James Bryson. 

Lieut. Wm. Parker married Lydia McDowell, daughter Capt. 
Andrew McDowell. 

From Alexander Breckinridge. 

Five sons and grandsons Adam, John, George, Robert, Alex- 
ander, and others. 

From Robert Poage 

Five Grandsons, John, Col. Robert, Major Wm., James, and 

From Col. James Reed 

Six sons of Col. James Reed, Lieut. Samuel, Lieut. James, 
Joseph, Benjamin , Capt. John, Ensign Thomas, Lieut, Wm. 

From John Poage. 

Jonathan, son, Capt. James Moore married Martha, daughter 
Capt. John Caruthers maried Anne, daughter ; and others. 


James Stq^henson married Mary, daughter Col. James Reed. 
Wm. McKesson married Sally, daughter Col. James Reed. 

From Francis Sampson 

Sampson, George, great-grandson. 

Sampson, Robt., great-grandson. Major, and others. 

Poore, Wm., Maj., married Molly Sampson, great-grand- 

Lewis, Jos., Jr., married Eliz. Barbara, great-granddaughter. 

Robards, Capt. Geo., married Eliz. Barbara, great-grand- 

From Robert McClanahan, High Sheriff, Augusta County, 
1745. and Sarah, dau. Alexander Breckenridge. 

McClanahan, Alex., son, Capt. 1764, Col. 1776. 

McClanahan, John, son, Lieut. 1764. 

McClanahan, Robert, son, Capt. killed Pt. Pleasant. 

McClanahan, Elijah, grandson. Col. 

McClanahan, James, son. Col. 

St. Clair, Alexander, married Jane, daughter. Senate Va. 

Boys, John, Capt., married Anne, granddaughter. 
Lewis, Wm., Col., married Nancy, daughter. 

From Giles Rogers 

Rogers, John, Capt., grandson, son of Peter. 

Rogers, Byrd, Lieut., grandson, "Cincinnati." 

Rogers, Joseph, Capt., grandson. 

Rogers, Peter, Col., grandson. 

Rogers, Giles, Lieut., grandson. 

Rogers, Capt. great-grandson, son Parmenas. 

Rogers, Edmund, great-grandson, dispatch courier to Gen. 

Rogers, Parmenas, great-great-grandson. 
Rogers, Achilles, great-great-grandson. 
Rogers, Larkin, great-grandson, killed in battle. 
Raphael, great-grandson. 


Johnston, Larkin, Capt., married Mary Rogers, granddaughter. 
Redd, Samuel, Capt., married Lucy Rogers, granddaughter. 
Redd, Joseph, great-grandson. 
Redd, Achilles, great-grandson. 

Temple, Saml. Col., married Fanny Redd, great-granddaughter. 
Fitzhugh, John, Capt., married Lucy Redd, great-grand- 


Clark, Geo. Rogers, Gen., great-grandson of Giles Rogers. 

Clark, John, Capt., great-grandson, "Cincinnati." 

Clark, Johnathan, Gen., great-grandson. 

Clark, Richard, Lieut., great-grandson. 

Clark, Wm., Gen., later Gov. Missouri Territory. 

Field, John, Col., married Anne Clark, great-granddaughter. 

Croghan, Wm., Major, married Lucy Clark, great-grand- 

O'Fallon. James, Surgeon, married Frances Clark, great-grand- 

Thruston, Chas. Lynn, Capt., married Frances Clark, great- 




The detailed index planned is prevented by illness, but the arrange- 
ment of Family Chapters and Charts makes easy the finding of names: 
and the blank pages inserted gives place for a personal index as well as 

The list of those "In the Ministry" is an index in itself, divided into 
three parts: I. Missionaries, p. 201; II. Ministers, p. 207; III. Wives of 
Ministers, p. 219. Each is in alphabetical order, and with a few excep- 
tions, numbered : 

"Arrowhead," 122 

Baldwin, jZ 

Baker, 169 

"Belvidera," 60 

"Blair Park," 84 

"Boscobel," 21, 22 

Breckinridge, 151, i53 

Bruen, 76, 78 

Bryson, 155 

By Babel's Stream, 93 

Byrd, 59 

Captivity, 47 

Clark (Rogers), 49 

"Clover Hill," 179, 181 

Counties, 134 

Dabney, 31, 142 

Dedication, 3 

Dickson, 142, 241 

"Dover," 20, 22, 23, 26 

Dudley, 26, 69 

Dupuy, 27 

Escape from France, 27. 82, 100 

Fairfax, Lord, 170 

Father a Prisoner, 119 

"Federal Hill," 172 

Goodman, 66 

Greenwood, 171 

Hoge, 134- 136 

"Holkham," 96 

Horsley, 66 

Huidekoper, 161. 164, 166 

Indians, 46, 88, 91. 93, 140, 156, I97 

In the Ministry, 201 

John Rogers the Martyr, 41 

Kennedy, 189 

"Latest Generation," 139, 236 

Le Bruens, 79 

"Little" Washington (Pa.), i57 

Mary Moore's Story, 140 

McClanahan, 149 

McDowell (Woods), 88, 90 

McDowell (Bryson), 163, 166 

Military Service, 242 

"Missing Lodge," 91 

Nashville, 99 

Old Call to Pastor, 85 

"Pantops," 122 

Pittsburg, 155. 157 

Poage, Robert, 133 

Poage, John, 139 

Proving Importation, 6 

Reed, 185 

Rogers, 41 

Rose from Scotland, 84 

Royal Descent, 269 

Sampson, 11 

"Scotch Beauty," 52 

Summary of Ministry, 287 

Thornton, 18 

Trice, 66 

Underwood, 42, 46, 47 

Wheeling, 157, 178 

Woods, 81 

"Woodsdale," 113 


There are a limited number of copies of 
KITH AND KIN beyond those subscribed. 
Price, which was Five Dollars to subscribers 
who helped to print, is now Ten Dollars a 

A Missionary Drama 
The second thousand, revised and enlarged, 
just printed. 

50c each, 3 copies for One Dollar. 

For either of these, address 


3505 Brook Road 

Ginter Park 

Richmond, Virginia 




Published 1922. -V 

^^^^Opportunity having been offered for corrections and additions, and interesting items having been gath- 

"Remembrance with fulfilment is the only gratitude posterity can show.' 














Of these, two, Stephen Sampson Toll and Josephine Woods Taylor, are lost to our sight, gone before to 
the Blessed Land, but still ours, and their memory dear. 

"And thou shalt remember all the way 
The Lord thy God hath led thee." 


The title page of The Captives of Abb's Valley, "by a son of Mary Moore," modestly concealed the fact 
that it was written by her eldest son, the Rev. Dr. James Moore Brown, named for her father; but for many 
years it was generally understood to be by Rev. Dr. Wm. Brown, the youngest of her five preacher sons, and 
long the editor of the Central Presbyterian. 


Of things which "ought to be remembered," doubtless chief is the escape of my daughter's family from 
danger in China, and the safe arrival in Mobile in March, 1927 — Dr. and Mrs. R. V. Taylor and the three 
precious grandchildren — for which God be thanked. 

Worth mention is the completion in 1925 of the great Bible Encyclopedia in Chinese by my brother. Rev. 
Dr. Henry M. Woods, for which work he was set apart by the Mission for eight years. Six thousand sets of 
4 volumes are in use in China today. 

Alexander Lee Bondurant, LL. D. and Litt. D. (chart p. 147), oldest child of Emily McFarland Morrison 
and Alex. J. Bondurant. He is Prof, of Latin in Univ. of ^Iiss., and has a big block in "Who's Who." Honor 
graduate Hampden-Sydney and Harvard, student Berlin, Munich, Rome. Army Education corps, 1918. 
Dean Amer. Students Univ., Dijon, France. Member of ten Societies of Philology, Archaeology, History, 
Classics, including British and French. Married Gabriella McPheeters Means. Elder in Presbyterian 

Of the children of Mary Moore and Rev. Saml. Brown (see p. 145) the 7th was Rev. Joseph Brown m. 
Anne Mathews, 2 sons. I. John Mathews m. Emma Garland Penick, 3 ch. (1) Joseph Alieine B., Vice- 
Pres. Pacific-Missouri R. R. m. Louise Zimpleman Jones, 1 son Fred Hart. (2) Wm. Garland B. m. .Anna 
Baldwin, 1 dau. Virginia. (3) Bessie Baumann m. John A. Lomax, \^-P. Republic Natl. Bank, Dallas, 4 ch.. 

Shirley m. Dr. Chr. C. Mansell, U. S. N., John A., Jr., Alan James, Bess Brown. II. Joseph Alleine m. 
Minnie Reaville, 4 ch., (1) Ashby, (2) Reaville, (3) Alleine m. Erie H. Austin, 3 ch., Sam, Reaville, Erie, Jr., 
(4) Rev. Cecil Mathews B. m. Edith Eliz. Carroll. 

Josephine Byrd Timberlake writes from Washington, D. C, that her father is mistakenly recorded as doc- 
tor, on p. 57. Since her writing, he has passed away from his home in Staunton, Virginia, Dec. 19, 1928, "full 
of years, and honors," from his fellow citizens, for long years of high standing in business and dependable de- 
votion to his church, in which he was a beloved Elder. 

The child of Josephine Mason and George G. Easley is a daughter Beverley, not a son, as recorded on 

The name of Mrs. Harry Parsons, chart p. 72, given as Kirkman, should be Kirk/raw. 

The name of Rachel Eastham, wife of Giles Rogers, is by error given as Eastman. 

The name of Hunsdon Cary (chart, p. 40) given Hundson, is a mistake, as shown by correct spelling, 
next block. 

Persley Edwards (p. 129) should be Presley. 

The name Cougar (Mary, wife of Nathanael Baldwin, p. 77), should be Conger, according to Mrs. Mc- 
Diarmid's very careful record. 

Robert Poage's children in chart, p. 144, lacked descendants of three. Those of Elizabeth, who married 
George Crawford, are discovered through a charming cousin, Katharine Bryant, wife of Dr. Ewd. B. Smith, 
Shelbyville, Ky. This Supplement wishes it could print all the six generations, so admirably full and clear, 
but its limit vetoes this wish. The beautiful manuscript will, however, be turned over to the Virginia State 
Library, where it will be valued and treasured. 

Her direct line follows: (1) Robert Poage m. Eliz. Preston, 10 ch. (2) Elizabeth m. George Crawford, 
11 ch. (3) Wm. Crawford m. Margaret Dean, 9 ch. (4) Eliz. Poage m. Moses Hall, Jr., 10 ch. (5) John 
m. Mary Haynes Long, 3 ch. (6) Sarah m. Benjamin F. Bryant, 3 ch. (7) Katharine m. Dr. Ewd. B. Smith, 
2 ch. (1) Sarah m. Douglas Walker Chenault, has son Douglas Walker Chenault, Jr., and (2) Katharine 
Johns. They are also related to us doubly, for the Margaret Dean who married Wm. Crawford was the daugh- 
ter of Agnes McClanahan (John Dean) daughter Sarah Breckinridge and Robert McClanahan, your three 
greats grandparents, and hers; and Sarah was daughter of Alexander Breckinridge and Jean his wife, your four 
greats grandparents and hers. 

Lucy Rogers dau. Giles (son John and Mary Byrd, son Giles I) m. Jonathan Barksdale. Their son Nathan 
m. Eliz. dau. Parmenas Rogers. Their son Wm. G. had dau. Eliza Jane, was grandmother Clyde W. Lam- 
bert m. Josephine Garland. 

Eliza dau. Sen. Joseph Rogers Underwood (see p. 56) m. Arthur M. Rutledge, 3 ch. I. Elizabeth m. 
Henry E. Young, 2 sons — (1) Arthur R. Young m. Nannie Connor — 3 sons, Arthur Middleton, James Connor, 
Joseph Rutledge. (2) Joseph R. Young m. Julia Grimke — 1 son, Henry Gourdin. II. Emma m. Henry A, 
M. Smith — 1 son J. J. Pringle Smith. III. Arthur M. Rutledge m. Rosalie Winston — 3 sons, Arthur Middle- 
ton, Winston Underwood, and Edward. 

J. J. Pringle Smith m. Henningham Ellett — dau. Josephine. 

Francis Jefferson Sampson, overlooked by Mr. Sublett in the list he gave for chart, p. 40. His grandfather 
Francis Jefferson, son Francis and Julia Smith, m. Sarah M. Shiflett, 6 ch. (1) Henrietta m. Robert N. Branch, 

(2) Richard Winston, (3) John Price, (4) Willis Anderson, (5) Bertha, (6) Frank Harvie. 

(3) John Price m. Susan M. Bass, 7 ch. (1) Francis Jefferson m. Mary E. Cooley, 2 ch., Mary Virginia 
and Nancy Bottimore, (2) John Price, Jr., m. Sarah Chapman — dau. Sarah, (3) Willow Harvie, (4) Mary Anne, 
teacher in John Marshall High School, (5) Ella H. m. H. Horton, 2 ch., Virginia and Mary, (6) Susan Cabell 
m. Dr. E. F. Fenner, 2 ch., Ferebee, Clara, (7) Carter Winston m. Kate Hutcheson. 

It was very interesting to me to hear that this Frank Sampson had recently driven up to "Boscobel," the 
plantation that the first Virginia Frank (Francois) Sampson acquired in 1729, now nearly in Richmond as it 
grows up-river toward the West. He found the old graveyard in bad condition. Doubtless it was reserved 
by a proviso in the deed of sale in 1812, as usual with family burying grounds, therefore untended by the later 
owners, and forgotten by descendants moved away. Unostentatiously he remarked that he planned as soon 
as he was able to restore it to order, set up the fallen headstones, and fence it in from wandering cattle. I 
am sure every one of the Clan will want to share in this "Old Mortality" work — a "plan of piety" in Virgil's 
sense, as well as of the Fifth Commandment. This is told here without his knowledge. 

Among children of John Poage (p. 145), a sister of Mrs. Edw. Lane, Rebecca Mildred m. James Fletcher 
Epes, has 4 ch. (1) Margaret Dupuy m. Richmond F. Dillard, (2) Wilfred G. m. Gladys Hathorn, 3 ch., 

(3) Sallie W. m. W. A. Crinkley, 5 ch., (4) Rebecca Fletcher. 

Among children of John Clark and Anne Rogers (p. 55), dau. Anne m. Torquil McLeod, dau. Anne m. 
Wm. Marshall, son John m. Mildred (Amelia, p. 55), Field, son Major Gen. Lewis Field Marshall m. Mary 
Helen Fore, their dau. Virginia m. (2nd) Col. Hoggett Clopton, their dau. Heloise Marshall m. Lieut. L. D. 
Webb, U. S. N. 

Of Byrd Rogers' descendants (see p. 58), Matthew Hutcherson m. Anne Rogers, 7 ch.; son Lewis Rogers 
H. m. Permelia Curd; son Jos. Benj. m. Mary Eliz. Pinnell; daughter Laura m. Harry Tyler Wright, 4 ch.; 
Mary, W. G., Harry. Florence. 

We are constantly asked what kin we are to Gov. Byrd and his splendid brother the Commander. As 
was said on p. 64, since Mary Byrd Rogers' "pride" accepted her father's disclaim, and she and her children 
never "claimed" kin with the Byrds, still the fact remains that she was daughter of Wm. Byrd the First. 
There are some who do not read this title clear, but, since Bassett says "it is not known what became of her" 
and since the widely scattered branches of the Rogers tribe — separated for generations— have the same story 
in its picturesque details, the burden of proof rests upon those who doubt. The "line" of these distinguished 
brothers, both of whom have added lustre to the name, is as follows: (1) Wm. Byrd m. Mary Horsemanden. 
(2) Wm. II m. Maria dau. Thos. Taylor, London. (3) Wm. Ill m. Eliz. Hill Carter. (4) Thos. Taylor m. 
Mary Armistead. (5) Richard Evelyn m. Anne Harrison of Brandon. (6) Col. Wm. Byrd m. Jennie Rivers, 
Austm, Tex. (7) Richard Evelyn Byrd m. Eleanor Boiling Flood. (8) Harry Flood Byrd is Governor of 
Virgmia, and Richard Evelyn, Jr., is Commander (U. S. N.) of this great Antartic Expedition. There is an- 
other brother who fills his own place well — making the trio, "Tom, Dick, and Harry"! 

Big blue- print "Wheel of Life": Col. Jas. Reed, "hub"; 8 c'\, "spokes": 1710-1927, fine work of Wm. B. 
Reed, \\ashington accountant: line, Col. Jas. (Margaret Floyd): W m. (Nancy Miller): Saml. M. (Mary 
Agnew): Wm. J. (Eliz. Campbell): Robert A. (Mary A. Blose): Wm. B. (A delma Eakman): 2 ch.: John 
Robert, Harriet Adelma. 


Notebook of Rev. Wm. Douglas from 1750 to 1777 
Goochland County, Va. 

Many of these records are of deep interest, confirming the data given in the charts of the Sampsons and 
other allied families. 

From 50 or more we copy for our limited space here the followmg: 

Aug. 16, 1729. Four years after patent of land— Stephen Sampson I and Mary Woodson. See p. 37. 
Sept. 20, 1753. "Old" Stephen Sampson and (2nd wife) Sarah Johnson. 9 children, not mentioned 

Nov. 24, 1771. Richard Sampson and Anne Curd,'your gr. gr. gr. grandparents. See p. 37. 


Aug. 26, 1768. To Charles Sampson, son Stephen I and Anne Portier, dau., Eliz. Barbara. See p. 37. 

May 23, 1774. To Richard Sampson and Anne Curd, son Richard, your gr. gr. grandfather. 

Dec. 12, 1773. Funeral of Stephen Sampson "oldest," a worthy good old man. 

"This old very honest Grandfayr Stephen Sampson was buried Dec. 12, 1773, who if now alive (pre- 
sumably Sept. 5, 1777) would be vexed that his son should pursue his old Min. to another county to burden 
him wt. ye repairs of Goochland Glebe after ye Vestry had driven him out of it against ye laws both of God 
and man and against ye good will of almost ye whole parish." . , . ^ , , , • , •„ 

Then Sept. 5, 1777 — "Mr. Douglas was voted by Vestry out of his Parish of Goochland against the will 
of almost the whole parish & ye laws both of God and man, after having served ye parish most acceptably as 
minister above 27 years, all most acceptably & what is a scandal to be heard in a Christian country, his old 
parish is now prosecuting him for ye repairs of ye glebe out of wch they had driven him 12 or 14 years ago & 
had deprived him of ye benefit of them. Oh! Temporal O Mores.— Will: Douglas." 

Bishop Meade tells of the incessant squabbles between the "parsons" and the vestries; but it was a rare 
thing for one to be "put out." Ministers were too few, and the people must have one to baptize and marry- 
no marriage was legal except by a Ch. of England minister— so the people bore with some very sorry speci- 
mens! Parson Douglas seems to have been very faithful in his clerical duties, and kept a fair record. He was 
not like the parson Bishop Meade describes who defended his unseemly conduct when he "contended and 
smote and pluclced out the hair" by a sermon from Neh. 13:25! 

The vote of the Vestry was unanimous, and their course seems explained by records on the same page with 
this pathetic complaint, but of former dates: ... ,, ,^ t , l t- i /- . 

"Dec. 12, 1771. I bought Goldmine of Landie Richardson. Year 69. I made tobacco at Fork Creek 
by 4 hands, 4196 (pounds?). Ap. 18, 74. I bought Lickinghole plantation of Mr. Temple." , , ^, , 

Busy amassing a property for his "Peggie" he had failed to "repair ye glebe," as his tenancy of the Glebe 
required. I do not believe he spent funds given for that purpose— it was all paid in tobacco anyhow. But 
Stephen Sampson II (whom he leaves out of the record entirely) and the rest of the Vestry doubtless had borne 
long with the old gentleman— and at last voted him out unanimously and then sued him in court. From the 
Parish book of St. James Northam— now at the Episcopal Seminary, Alexandria— I copied the Vestry of those 

"Present at Vestry Feb. 17, 1783— Stephen Sampson, John Curd (whose daughter Anne m. Stephen's 
son), John Woodson (probably his brother-in-law), Thos. Underwood (the Ky. Senator's grandfather). Matt 
Vaughan, Andrew Payne, Nath. G. Morris, John Ware." ,.,,,,., , c ,■ 

This Stephen Sampson II was elected church warden Sept. 8, 1787, which looks hke approval of his course. 

One more entry, echo of his grief : r ^ , , ^ „ .■ j .-ii 

"Sept. 12, 1750. The Reverend Will: Douglas then was chosen Minr. of Goochland and continued till 
Nov. 1777* at wc. time ye distractions commenced both in Church & State when I removed to my own in 
Louisa"— probably acquired through the "Goldmine" and "tobacco" and "the Lickinghole* Plantation ! 


The new Kennedy Chart, which is additional to the one on page 196, includes further names of different 
"stems," and goes back to records found and proven. Much of this we owe to one of the Clan who forbids 
her name to be herein mentioned, under dire threats and penalties! She has a true "flair" on a hunt for a clue, 
demands recorded proof mercilessly, and spends time, strength, and money in finding real records. Some day 
she will probably give us a book of her own, this lady whose name recalls the great Queen from whom our 
great State is named; and also suggests "battle, murder, and sudden death," though her lovely home is one 
of prosperity and peace. 

One of her "finds" is the will of our first American ancestor, here given: 

David Kennedy's Will. In West Chester, Chester Co., Penna. 

In the Name of God, Amen, I David Kennedy, of the Township of Londonderry, in the County of Chester, 
and Province of Pennsylvania, yoeman, being far advanced in years, and infirm as to Bodily haeth; but of 
Sound mind and Memory blessed be God for the Same, and Calling to mind the uncertainty of this Transitory 
Life do make this my last Will, and Testament in Manner, and form following, that is to say, and Principally, 
I Resign my Soul to God who gave it, and Body to be Buried in a Christian and Decent manner at the Di- 
rection of my Executors herein after named , . , r. -j u .u u di j * 

And as touching all such Worldly Estate, goods and Chatties which Providence hath been Pleased to 
Bless me with in this Life, I give and Dispose of in the following manner. 

*Our Michael Woods in 1737 patented land "on Mechum's River and Licking Hole" (see p. 87) evidently a different place, in 
Albemarle. There were many places, like Big Lick where Roanoke City now stands, where buffalo and deer used to come for a salty 

Imprimis, I give and bequeath to my well beloved Wife Margaret, the full and just sum of One Hundred 
Pounds, lawfu'll money of the for'sd Province, being the same sum of money mentioned in a Certain Contract 
of Marriage made, and agreed on before we were join'd in Marriage. As also all the Household Furniture 
that she brought with her to me, at our Marriage, and she to leave and resign the Premises where we now dwell 
in three months next after my Decease which sd Sum, and the Household goods bequeath's as afores'd is to 
be in full satisfaction and in lieu of all her Right of Dower out of any lands or Tenements I may happen to 

Item.— I give and bequeath unto my beloved Son Montgomery Kennedy the Sum of One Pound Lawfu/i 
Money of the Province afores'd. 

Item, — I give and bequeath unto my beloved Son Samuel Kennedy ye just and full Sum of One Hundred 
Pounds lawfu// money of the afores'd Province. 

Item. — I give and bequeath unto my beloved Son David Kennedy, the just and full Sum of one Hundred 
Pounds lawfu// money of the afores'd Province. 

Itern. — I give and bequeath unto my beloved Son John Kennedy, the just and full Sum of One Hundred 
Pounds lawfu// money afores'd. 

Item. — I give and bequeath unto my beloved son Joseph Kennedy, the full and just sum of eighty Pounds 
lawfu// money afores'd Provided always and on condition he my said Son Joseph, returns here within the 
term of five years next after my decease. But in case he fails of returning within the term of five years afores'd 
that, then, and in such case his s'd Legacy shall be equally divided among all my Children share and part 

item. — I give and bequeath unto my Daughter Agnus Finley, the just and full Sum of Four/>' Pounds 
lawfu// money afores'd. 

Item. — I give and bequeath unto my beloved Daughter Isabell Willson, the just and full sum of Fourly 
Pounds lawfu// money afores'd. 

Item. — I give and bequeath unto my beloved Daughter, Jean Fryer, the just and full sum of Sixty Pounds 
lawfu// money afores'd. 

Item. — I give and bequeath the just and full sum of ten Pounds of like money for the use of the Jersey 

Item. — And for the Payment of all my just Debts which I owe in Right or Conscience to any Manner 
of Person or Persons, whoso-ever, and for the Payment of the Legacies herein before mentioned. I will and 
order that my estate both Real and Personal be disposed of as soon as conveniently may be after my decease. 
And I do by these Presents give and grant, will, and transfer unto my Executors herein after named or to such 
of them as shall take upon them the Execution of this my last Will and Testament, and the survivor or survivors 
of them, and the Executor and administrator of such Survivor full Power to grant, bargain, sell, alien, convey 
and assure all my Messuages, lands, tenements, and plantation, and tract of land with the appurtenances 
where I now dwell, situate in Londonderry Township aforesaid, with the appurtenances to any person or Per- 
sons who shall purchase the same, and to their heirs, and assigns forever in fee simple by all, and every such 
lawfull, ways and means in the law as to my s'd Executors or the Survivor or Survivors of them, or the Ex- 
ecutors, or administrators of such Survivors or by his or their Council learn'd in the law shall seem fit, and 
necessary, and I will and order the money arising by the sale of the lands afores'd, and of the Personal Estate 
to be applied as afores'd for the payment of my debts and legacies. 

And as to the payment of the Legacies herein before given and bequeathed, I will, and order that they be 
paid as follows Viz; 

To my s'd wife Margaret, in three months after my decease, and the other Legatees to receive their lega- 
cies in proportion as the sales of the real estate shall come due, and payable and lastly, I do hereby nominate 
constitute ordain and appoint, my loving Son Samuel Kennedy, and my son-in-law Michael Finly, and my lov- 
ing Son John Kennedy whole and sole Executors of this my last Will and Testament, and do appoint my 
loving Son Montgomery Kennedy to oversee and observe that the same may be duly Executed. 

And I do hereby revoke disanul, and declare void all former and other Wills by me at any time hereto 
fore made and declare this to be my last Will and Testament in Witness where of I have here unto set my hand, 
and seal the ninth day of March, in the year of our Lord one Thousand Seven Hundred and Seventy-three. 


Sign'd, Seal'd publish'd and declar'd by 

the above named David Kennedy 

the Testator to be his last Will and Testament and we as Witnesses at his request and in his presence here 

unto subscribe our names. 

Samuel Creswell 
Archibald Fleming 
Hugh Hamilton 

Proved 23 February, 1774. 
Will Book E. Vol. 5— West Chester, Chester Co., Pa., page 471. 
Thomas Ruston Kennedy Sworn. (Grandson of David). 

Also she found record of Annabella Kennedy and her husband Saml. (afterward Col.) Reed, with her cousin 
Nancy Kennedy and her husband Wm. Stephenson in a sale tract of land Berkeley Co., June 26, 1797. Also 
a long Indenture of sale by Col. Charles Washington and Mildred his wife to David Kennedy and three others 
as Trustees and "Gargians" of the Presbyterian Congregation of Charles Town "for the particular use of 
every one of them and their Heirs for ever." 

Also, Feb. 15, 1785, Power of Attorney from David Kennedy, who "for Divers good causes and consid- 
erations was moving (to Kentucky) to his son Samuel Kennedy, to "collect all and every legacy and legacies" 
bequeathed by the late said David Kennedy, Sr., of Chester Co., Pa., to him, son of the said David Kennedy 

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Sept. 18, 1926. Frances Melvin Rosebro, dau. of Dr. Ben Morrison Rosebro and Mary Wharton Wat- 
kins (seep. 47), at Richmond, Va., to Parks Pegram Duffey, son of Augustus Smith DufTey and May Louise 
Pegram. They have a son Ben Rosebro Duffey. 

April 30, 1927. Dr. George McCrae Robson, of the Staff of the Univ. of Pa. Hospital, son of Alice Basker- 
ville (Geo. McC. Robson) (seep. 37), at Haddonfield, N. J., to Naomi Vernam Fithian, dau. Frank Livingston 
and Marianna Wood Fithian. Their dau. Marianna Wood Robson. 

Feb. 9, 1929. Elizabeth McKee Hunt, dau. Mary McKee and John T. Hunt (see p. 131), at Jersey 
City, N. J., to Richard Dey Syer. 

Not exactly of the younger generation, but too important to omit: 

April 6, 1923. My brother Rev. Henry M. Woods, D. D., Editor of the Chinese Bible Encyclopedia, 
forty-three years missionary; at Shanghai, to Mrs. Grace Taylor of Atlantic City, N. J. She has been a de- 
voted and efficient helper to him in this great work. 


Chronologically arranged, of some of the younger generation mentioned in Kith and Kin. 

April 24, 1912. John Lewis Underwood son Senator Oscar W. Underwood and Eugenia Massie (see p 
56) in Birmingham, Ala., to Mary Campbell dau. Judge Edward Campbell, Court of Claims, Washington" 
They had a lovely daughter, Eugenia, lived seven years. 

April 18, 1918. Oscar Underwood, Jr., son Senator Oscar W. Underwood and Eugenia Massie (see p 56) 
in Prattsville, Ala., to Ellen Pratt dau. Mr. and Mrs. Danl. Pratt. A son, Oscar VV. Underwood III and a dau 
Ellen Pratt. 

Sept. 25, 1918. Lewis Gordon Porter son of Rev. M. B. Porter and Lucy Reno (see p. 144) in Alexandria, 
Va., to Anna Bartels dau. Gustav and Elizabeth Bartels. They have 2 ch., Lewis G. Jr., and Elizabeth 

May 26, 1921. Mary Reno Porter, sister to Lewis, in Richmond, Va., to Wm. Goodrich Rankin of Glas- 
tonbury, Conn. 2 sons, Charles and Wm. G., Jr. 

June 1, 1921. Rev. Matthew Branch Porter, Jr., brother to Lewis, in Glastonbury, Conn., to Isabel 
Stoddard Williams dau. David Williams and Helen Rankin. 

July 22, 1922. Rowland Paull McKinley son of Richard S. McKinley and Mary Paull (see p. 131) in 
Plymouth, Mass., to Ethel Dorr dau. Mr. and Mrs. Eugene H. Dorr. They have 2 sons, Rowland Paull, Jr., 
and Richard Smallbrook. 

Sept. 27, 1922. Katharine Brent Dabney dau. Dr. Charles Wm. Dabney and Mary Brent (see p. 147) 
in to John W. Ingle, Jr., son of John W. Ingle and Mary Binns, both from England. 

July 17, 1923. Frances Ghiselin Glasgow dau. Dr. Robt. Glasgow and Nannie J. Morrison dau. Dr. 
Saml. B. Morrison and Mary Gold (see p. 147) in Le.xington, Va., to Craig Houston Patterson son of Rev. 
B. C. Patterson, D. D., and Anne Houston, M. D. They have 2 sons, Craig Houston and Robert Glasgow. 

Aug. 30, 1923. Margaret Price McLaughlin dau. Rev. Henry Woods McLaughlin, D. D. (see p. 144) 
and Nellie Swan Brown (see p. 145) to Wm. Fulton Hogshead. They have 3 ch., Nellie B., Richard Hamil- 
ton, Caroline Frances. 

Dec. 27, 1923. Rev. Albert Gallatin Edwards son Isabel Woods and Benj. F. Edwards (see p. 129) to 
Marie Helen Gehlsen, now missionaries in Iraq. 3 ch., Benj. F., Albert G., Jr., Margaret Isabel. 

Sept. 20, 1923. Archibald Paull Woods son Saml. B. and Lucretia (Gilmore) Woods, in New York City, 
to Anne Lyon Burwell of Petersburg, where they live. Dau. Saml. Burwell and Martha McDonald Lyon. 

Sept. 10, 1924. Harriet Newell Hutcheson dau. Robert S. Hutcheson and Mary Moore Morrison (see 
p. 147) at Rockbridge Baths, Va., to Dr. Henry Page Mauck son of John Henry Mauck and Nancy Page 
Anderson. They have 2 sons, Henry Page, Jr., and Robert Hutcheson. 

Oct. 28, 1924. Mary Eliz. Neel dau. Saml. R. Neel son of Lavinia Baker and Saml. Neel (see p. 185) 
and Fanny Stubbs (see p. 185) in Los Angeles, Calif., to John Sanford Wilson. 

Oct. 28, 1924. Rev. Cothran Goddin Smith, son of Rev. Wade C. Smith and Zaidee Lapsley (see p. 
130), at Greensboro, N. C, to Gladys Anne Pugh dau. Chas. Eugene Pugh and Annie Hancock. They have 
a daughter, Annie Charles. 

June 7, 1925. Mary Barclay Woods dau. Dr. Edgar Woods (see p. 131) and Frances Anne Smith, in 
Shanghai, China, to Rev. Thos. B. Grafton, son of several generations of Presbyterian ministers. They are 
missionaries in Haichow, China. 

June 27, 1925. Paull Hayden son of Dr. Willard Wayland Hayden and Punnette Paull (see p. 131) in 
the Congregational Church, Mt. Vernon, N. Y., to Clara Pauline Moser dau. Albert Frederic Moser, born in 
La Chaudfond, Switzerland, and Bertha Schelker, born in Elgin, 111., but speaks four languages naturally. 

Oct. 27, 1925. Henry M. Woods, Jr., son Rev. Henry M. Woods, D. D. (see p. 131) and Josephine Un- 
derwood dau. Senator Joseph Rogers Underwood (see p. 56) at Tarboro, N. C, to Alice Howard Williams dau. 
Owen Williams. 

June 6, 1926. Major Arthur R. Underwood, U. S. A., son Robert U. and Emma Younglove, to Elinore 
Miller Fillebrown dau. Andrew Ross and Rebecca Miller Fillebrown. They have 2 sons, Arthur R., Jr., and 
Andrew Ross. 

June 26, 1926. Dr. John Hobart Reed, Jr., son John Hobart Reed and Jennie Larus (see p. 77) in Rich- 
mond, Va., to Sallie Belle Childrey dau. Roland Hill Childrey and Emily Wade Saunders. 

Sept. 16, 1926. Presley Wm. Edwards son Flora Woods and Benj. F. Edwards, in St. Louis, Mo., to 
Virginia dau. Wm. Shirmer and Eliz. (Sprague) Barker. 

Oct. 2, 1926. Robert Underwood son of Rev. Dr. Henry M. Woods (see p. 131) and Josephme Under- 
wood dau. Senator Joseph Rogers Underwood (see p. 56) in Maxton, N. C. to Marjone Robenia MacLeod 
dau. Col. Robt. Lee MacLeod and Margaret Mclver. They have a daughter, Marjone MacLeod VVoods. 

Nov. 6, 1926. Frank Gordon Christian son Judge George Llewellyn Christian and Emma Christian, 
in Richmond, Va., to Lucille Evelyn Carney dau. Wilbur P. and Mabel (Jones) Carney. 

Jan. 21, 1927. Nelson Whitaker McCormick son Charles W. McCormick and Kate Roberts (see p. 190) 
in Cleveland, Ohio, to Elizabeth Young. ,.,.,,, j j /- d 

Feb. 18, 1927, Elizabeth Bedell Wood dau. Robert Jar\^is Wood and Alice Woods dau. Capt. Bryson 
Woods (see p. 129) in Pasadena, Calif., to George Meredith Woodward. ,,,x . t u- n a 

April 28, 1927. Samuel Baker Woods son Rev. Dr. Henry M. Woods (see p. 131) and Josephine Under- 
wood dau. Senator Joseph Rogers Underwood (see p. 56) at Agnes Scott College, Decatur, Ga., to Isabel Bar- 
bara Grier dau. Rev. Mark Grier and Henrietta Donaldson Grier, M. D., missionaries in China 

June 23, 1927. Charles Baskerville Saunders son of Rev. Dr. A. P. Saunders and Susan Riddick Basker- 
ville (see p. 37) at Ginter Park, Richmond, Va., to Lucy Ashby Carmichael dau. Charles Carter Carmichael 
and Lucy Ashby. They have a son, Charles B., Jr. . t^ ^ . . c vaa- h. RooU-..- 

June 28, 1927. Alexander Peirce Saunders, Jr., son Rev. Dr. A P. Saunders and Susan R'^dick Basker- 
ville (see p. 37) at the Hill School, Pottstown, Pa., to Isabel Potts dau. Mr. and Mrs. Harlan Leonard Potts. 
They have a^son. ^^.^^ ^^^ ^^^ ^^.^^^ ^ ^^.^^ and Zaidee Lapsley (see p 130) and Helen 

Davis de Zern dau. James Edward de Zern and Ilonea Antoinette Davis, at Greensboro, N. C. I hey have a 
^'"1u?y'6"m7'' Rev. John'calvin Brown McLaughlin son of Rev. Dr. Henry Woods McUughlin (see p. 

144) and Nellie Swan Brown (see p. 145) in Anniston, Ala., to Fannie McCaa dau. Wm. Lowndes McCaa and 
Addie Noble. They have a son, Wm. Lowndes. 

Nov. 17, 1927. Sara Lapsley Liston dau. Isabel Lapsley (see p. 130) and Rev. R. T. Liston, at Richmond 
Va., to William Henry Long II, who served in World War with rank of Major. They have a son, William 
Henry Long III. 

Nov. 20, 1927. Archibald Woods son Matthew son Archibald (see p. 129) in St. Louis, Mo., to Alice 
Mary Pickett. 

Dec, 1927. Bryson Jarvis Wood son Alice Woods (Robt. Jarvis Wood) in Pasadena, Calif., to Pamela 
Agnes Clarke. 

Feb., 1928. Mary Miller Woods dau. Matthew (Mary Miller) son Archibald (see p. 129) in St. Louis 
to Charles Harold Martin. " ' 

June 30, 1928. Edgar Colin Woods son Dr. Edgar Woods (see p. 131) and Frances Anne Smith, in Nor- 
folk, Va., to Mary Garnett Stark dau. Thos. and Emily Virginia (Jordan) Stark. 

July 3, 1928. Rev. Cecil Mathews Brown son of Joseph Alleine Brown and Minnie Reaville grandson 
Joseph Brown (Anne E. Mathews) (chart p. 145 is confused as to their children), married in Burlington 
N. C, Edith Eliz. Carroll dau. Wm. Houston and Sarah Eliz. (Turrentine) Carroll. ' 

July 13, 1928. Virginia Tabb Woods dau. Judge John Mitchell Woods and Eleanor W. Tabb (see p 129) 
at the Belvidere, Baltimore, Md., to William Ashmore Palmer son Alfred Paull Palmer (see p 131) and Eliz 

Aug. 14, 1928. George Lewis Frear, Ph. D., Yale, son Julia Reno (see p. 144) and Prof. Wm Frear at 
New Haven, Conn., to Esther Wallace Wilson dau. James Wilson (born in Scotland) and Eva Wallace ' 

Sept. 4, 1928 Evelyn Byrd Donaldson dau. Elise Rogers (see p. 56) and Erasmus Porter Donaldson in 
Washmgton, D. C, to Robert Endymion Cornick. 

Nov. 22 1928. Charles Larus Reed son Jennie Larus (see p. 77) and John Hobart Reed, in Richmond 
Va., to Ldythe Bruce Robertson dau. Mr. and Mrs. James Wm. Robertson. 


Our various lines have run so much to Church and College vocations, that we do not show many to reore- 
W^ J • ^°^^''""^^"t; The two Senators and the Lieutenant Governor of the Underwoods, James Pleasants 
Woods m Congress Gov. Wm Clark o the Northwest, and various husbands of daughters of our Clans show 
what we can do! *Cyrus E. Woods, Mmister to Portugal, Ambassador to Spain, Ambassador to Japan, who 
did memorable service during the earthquake trouble, we believe from all available records to be of the same 
origin, but with much regret wo do not claim him. We can, however, read out title clear to Robert Woods Bliss 
who has a brilliant record; a rising star from Secretary at Porto Rico, 1900, its orbit touching Venice Petro- 
Sdi uTt'.TTJ^'"'"-^? ''°^^' ^""'' '^' H^g"^- Sweden, and now again to the Arfentine Embas- 
sador. He has also had special commissions as counsellor from the U. S. in various conferences and the social 

Z7?Zri ''T^'^T^ ?07.^- !i Vl"' "'^'^ ""l'^' P'-^"^^ °f Wales, Calif., 1920, and of the Crown Prince 
and Princess of Sweden, 1926. He belongs to the James Woods, Nashville, St. Louis branch, p. 130 


differ^n? Tribes t/ZJ^-^ •• ^'' ^"''"^ 3^' '' °"J^' P^'-t'y known to me. Probably the majority of all our 
Ki.fl ^^ -1 ^ a- ^'^' ?^ ^}'^ soldiers modestly called even their most brilliant achievements In 
b i^^l^tf ^f sufferings on land and sea; in hospitals and motor service; in Liberty BoSbuyre and sell" 
ing in meatless days and sugarless menus; in bandage rolling and sewing; and in their prayers to the God of 

Xr capacity Hen ? Ir L the y''mV''a'''= H^P^ t bfothers served the Government in the Army and in 

All these returned safe withLt serious damage ' ^ ^'"^ ^'^^' '"'"'^ ^^^^ ^'■°'" '^^ trumpets." 

died of"U"u"mo'n1l'in ttlerv^i^e"" ^^ "^"''^ ^"^^'' ^°" °' ^""^ ^"P"^' -^ P-^^^ent Henry Louis Smith, 

ment, met Roy ChaDmarAndrewf ?n P.l!;" ^ounted Police. Afterwards in Secret Service for Govern- 
Expedition in ^heS Sesert He is the '?M '''?''^ ^'f P^^'^ion, and has been six years with the Asiatic 
Trails" in Nov. 17, 1928 Sat Eve Post ^"^ mentioned three times in Roy Andrews' "Desert 

On ^'^r^r^l^ti':^i:il^-iS:-f^ i'timT'Th^r '■ i''^ nr' '■" 'Y ^^'^*'°" ?^p^ - ^— 

many other veterans difficulfv inTtHn! l!o • , j- ^" seekmg other employment, and finding like so 

two boys, he S^y bade her eoSbve^THl^^T''' ^'^^"^^2^^ at not being able to support his wife and 
From tLt moment L'dfslpp^Ted'a'n^dM tlrTCs LleTurS^^Lt' ' '°^ ''°^'°^' ^'°"' "°^' ''''''■ 

Our Hero of the Air 

flight"^-' was de'ca^ed^'a memoS'l''eln'h'v""' ^""7' '^'S' '. ^^°"^^ ^*^*"^' "^ -'^=°" ^^ heroic youth taking 
sons who gave u?tSiVlivesT France Th.'T? .'' ^u^ ^f^'^'T '"^ -'^^ ^''' ^^ ^he University's sixty-fivl 
world, with wing girt arms the attitude Tnrn.^i'' ' ^P'^^^""' ^l' S'Y^^ "a modern Icarus leaping off the 
aviator." The mfcripJioT'readsf ' ""'^'""^ ^^""^^ ^^^ ^lear-cut features of Virginia's gallant 

•Since this record we find him the .V^reats grandson of Michael, same kin as myself. 

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"James Rogers McConnell, born March 14, 1887 — Student University of Virginia — Volunteer in the 
Army of France — Sergeant, Aviator Lafayette Escadrille, Decorated with the Cross of War, Killed in Battle 
in the Air, March 19, 1917." 

In France, too, there is a small memorial with his name, dates, branch of service, Croix de Guerre — and 
for all else "ancien eleve de I'Universite Virginie." 

This gallant boy whom his fellows remember "burning with ideals, mixing the finest and best with that 
fine foolishness so often the blessed companion of heroism," met a heroic fate in unequal battle with three 
enemy planes and "above even the envious eagles met death as he had faced life — with a smile." 

He was the son of Sarah Rogers (Judge Sam'l McConnell) dau. Judge John Gorin R. (Arabella Crenshaw) 
son Dr. George R. (Sarah Gorin dau. Gen. John Gorin) son of your own Byrd Rogers and Martha Trice his 
2nd wife (see p. 58). 


Note. — In former list, pp. 201-235, five were inserted without numbers; and Nos. 372-382 cancelled or 

377. Rev. West Humphreys Armistead son Robt. L. Armistead (N. M. Humphreys) son Robina Woods 
(Wm. C. Armistead) son Robert W. (Sarah West) son James W. (Anne Rayburn) son Andrew son Michael 
(see p. 130). 

378. Rev. Samuel Baxter Lapsley son Rev. James Lapsley (Florence Morrow). See No. 114. 

379. Rev. Robert Todd Lapsley Liston son Isabel Lapsley (Rev. R. A. Liston) dau. Judge James Woods 
Lapsley. See No. 114. 

380. James Gray McAllister, D. D., LL. D., Litt. D., Professor of English Bible in Union Theological 
Seminary, Richmond, Virginia, Editor, Pastor, Traveler, Author. Son of Julia Ellen Stratton (Addams 
McAllister) dau. Mary Ann Buster (Joseph D. Stratton) dau. Claudius Buster (Dorcas Sumpter) son Jane 
Woods (Wm. Buster) dau. Michael Woods, Jr. (Ann Woods) son Michael Woods and Mary Campbell, 

Dr. McAllister married Meta Eggleston Russell; has three children, James Gray, Jr., Russell Greenway 

381. Rev. John Calvin Brown McLaughlin son Rev. Dr. Henry Woods McLaughlin (No. 129) and Nellie 
Swan Brown gr. grand-daughter Mary Moore. See No. 288. 

382. Rev. Matthew Branch Porter, Jr., son Lucy Reno (Rev. M. B. Porter). See No. 313. 

383. Rev. Charles Wilson Robinson— in 1928 fifty years in the ministry— son of Col. Thos. H. Robinson 
(Cath. Hope Crawford) son Mary Baldwin gr. gr. granddaughter John Baldwin of Milford. See p. 77. 

384. Rev. Cothran Goddin Smith son Zaidee Lapsley (Rev. Wade C. Smith) dau. Judge James Woods 
Lapsley. See No. 114. 

385. Rev. Edgar Archibald Woods son Dr. James B. Woods (Eliz. B. Smith). See No 55 

386. Rev. John Russell Woods son Dr. James B. Woods. See No. 55. 

These two brothers, appointed missionaries years ago, are still waiting for the Church's Committee to 
send them to Chma. 

387. In Union Theological Seminary we have John Bryan Cunningham, who, though blind, sees more than 
most people; is a Hampden-Sydney graduate; a fine and ready musician; and did good work for the State for 
eight years collectmg statistics about the blind. 

More Ministers! 
A very interesting letter (received during proof reading) from Mr. Saml. Stanhope Woods of Lewiston. 
Pa., grandson of grandson of "Michael Woods, who moved to the Valley of Va., 1732"— and must be our own 
Michael— gives of this branch 17 graduates of Princeton College: 4 Presbyterian ministers, viz.: Michael's 
grandson. Rev. James S. Woods (m. Marianne Witherspoon, Princeton); his gr. grandson, Rev. A. Miller W • 
his gr. gr. grandson Rev. David Walker W.; his 3 greats grandson. Rev. Joseph M. W. (same kin to Michael' 
as my brothers and myself); his 3 greats granddaughter, Catherine Woods, Missionary at Siangtau, Hunan. 
China. Cyrus E. Woods, Ambassador is also of this branch. 3 greats grandson to Michael. These must 
be from Col John (p. 97). Their record also has two brothers of Michael, like that of my dear friends here 
in Richmond, Mrs. George Woods, her lovely Esther, Jean, John, Boyd, and David. 


.nrl R^^A n7f; n'-R^n^TT^'''^ ^l""^', t ' B- A,, Davidson College, later D. D. and LL. D.; Rhodes Scholar 
and B. A Oxford; B. p. Union TheolSem Richmond, and Hoge Fellow; Chaplain, Capt. World War; Home 
W^' M r wv'/fcj°''' P'-eV'.nce 1925, Union Theol. Sem.; married Emma Elizabeth White dau. Rev. Dr 
A vl-C S ^ /c Ta? Trigg Lorentz) son Maria Blanche McClanahan (Rev. Dr. Henry M. White) 
Ih^-rK MrC\}^T^ ^H ?"''i T G^e^nMcC (Elizabeth Griffin) son Col. Wm. McC. (Sarah Nee y 
^tK H p^ .7^^^" and Sarah Breckenridge. See chart, p. 157. Children, Benj., Jr., William, Eliza- 
beth, and Robert, known on the campus as "Ben, Billy, Betty and Bob " J ' J • 

389. Rev R. Edwin McClure. married Mary Kenna Walker dau. Rev. Wm. T Walker (Marv Kenna 
Stokes) son of Josephine Sampson (Dr. Wm. T. Walker) dau. Richard Sampson and Mary Rogers s'^ep 57 
Glas^o'w) aX g^'g^7a"3-dai;S"M7ry"M^^^^^^^^^ Ghiselin, Glasgow dau. Nannie Mo?rison (Dr.^Wm. 

391. Rev. John Robinson, beloved pastor Fayetteville, N. C, Presbyterian Church which has a lar^e 

rSl^' (SVwnVTokr"' 'n^". '''\ i W? "^"^^ °^ yf ^ and'usefulnSTmarried M^ry ^ 

Joel B. (Mary Van Hook) son Nehemiah B. (Mary Conger) son John B. (Mary Bruen). See chart, p. 57. 

■syz Kev Charles Wilson Robinson, grandson of above, who celebrated his eightieth birthdav and fiftieth 
llu TohV T^Rot? '"f.R '■ m''h^^" °i ^.f ''^r- "• ^- (Catherine Hope CrSd) marrS^Efk^^ Rogers 
Mcbiarmi J' FdTmH P ^ .^f^,'^'^"^^" ^"-^ Ohvia Lewis. See p. 56. Three children are Kate, Mrs. Jamef C. 
McDiarmKl, Edmund Pendleton, and Ellen— doubly related to Kith and Kin. 
Mil ^^^-.fev. Henry Seabright married Ellen B. Armistead dau. Robt. A. (N. M Humohrevs) son Robina 

sU Ro.^i^^T%^^^ ^A"- ^°^'- W-^^arah West) son Andrew son Michaef. S^e p. 130. 

394. Rev. Dr. David Matthis Sweets, Editor Christian Observer, Trustee Gen. Assembly, married Bessie 

ireck McDowell dau. Dr. Wm. McDowell (Eliz. H. Breck) son Joseph J. McDowell (Sarah L. McCue) son Col. 
Dseph McDowell (Margaret Moffett) dau. Martha McDowell (Col. George Moffett) dau. Magdalena Woods 
Capt. John McDowell) dau. Michael Woods and Mary Campbell. 


395 Rev. Theodore A. Baldwin (see below) Grad. Princeton, 1863, married Matilda Layton and went 
p the Mission at Brousa, Turkey, in Asia, 1867, remaining there until the war drove them out, 1917. Fifty 

^^^^396 Rev Albert Gallatin Edwards son Isabel Woods and Benj. F. Edwards (see p. 129) Persia, Presby- 
erian, U. S. A., Jeheran, 1919-1922. Married in St. Louis, returned to Mosul, Iraq, on the Tigris, opposite 
)ld Nineveh, 1924. To Hilleh, Iraq, near old Babylon, 1926. • ,, ■ 

397. Frances G. Glasgow, now Mrs. Craig Houston Patterson, Sutsien, China, dau. Nannie Morrison 

^'^■3%'""Mi?gare't Lapsrey Lis'ton, R. N., dau. Isabel Lapsley (Rev. R. A. Liston) dau. Judge James Woods 

.apsley. See No. 334. Africa. 

Thetwofollowing were students in 1922, so listed on p. 225: „ ,,, i m la 

399. James Baker Woods, Jr., M. D., Chlnkiang, China, son Dr. James B. Woods No. 35. 

400 Mary Barclay Woods, now Mrs. Thos. B. Grafton, Haichow, China dau. Dr. Edgar Woods No. 52 

Am' T?P^. FHmiind Lee Woodward. China, married Frances Peyton Gibson dau. Bp. K. A. (^ibson and 


5usan Baldwin Stuart. See p. 77. . . • t u t4 u ,* Poo.i ir M n Hp 

402 We shall have the pleasure of counting as one of our missionaries John Hobart Keed, Jr., M. u. ne 
ind his wife expect to sail for Chinkiang or Tsingkiang pu, China, during 1929. 

The Baldwin Sisters— Their Unique Achievement 
403-404 A new chapter has been added to the Scholarship of the Orient Thirty years ago, two sisters 
went from the FSt Presbyterian Church of Newark, N. J., to the Caroline Islands, lying southeast of Japan^ 
After foi^teen years in Truk, they have since 1911 worked without furlough in Kusaieiving on their own 
p/i^ate mers,?hough not rich. Vey have an admirable Girls' School urthered by Women s So etieso^ 
the Congregational Church. But their great, unique work is the translation of the g'^'^l ^J,*;^^J^*^f ■^^J^' °' f,"r 
Bible Societies forbids printing? a new Bible unless a certain number of people can be served by it a number 
fheCaroTne Is ands cannot count. But this obstacle did not hinder these dauntless American They 
bought a printlnrpress of their own, set their young natives to work it and used it for Scnpture port ons 
as fist as translated They wrote in 1923 : "If the $400.00 worth of type from America and the Paper from 
fapan arrive in dme, we hope to begin printing the (whole) Bible the first of the year. We have already begun 
to print the Pilgrim's Progress for the Truk people at their request. ^,^, i^ndincr at Milford Conn 

Theodore and his wife gave 50 years of service at Brousa, Turkey, and the sisters now (1929;, thirty one 
years in Micronesia. "They took the world in their arms! 

To cover the cost of publication, the price of this Supplement sepa- 
rately is $2.oo; but it is bound in with the new volumes, which are 

$io.oo each. , , j r 

Either may be had from 

Mrs. John Russell Sampson 

Stuart Court 803, 1600 Monument Avenue, 

Richmond, Va.