^inibersiitp of Jgortfj Carolina
Collection of jSortf) Caroliniana
'^ ^M. ^'
UNIVERSITY OF N,C AT CHAPEL HILL
^'-. .tfytL'j '.a.'^-
This book may be kept out one month unless a recall
notice is sent to you. It must be brought to the North
Carolina Collection (in Wilson Library) for renewal.
.W %' - -■' ^' -.-r-
Form No. A-369
KU-KLUX KLflN No, 40.
By Thomas J. Jerome.
RALEIGH, N. C:
Edwards & Broughton, Printers and Binders.
Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1895,
By THOMAS J. JEROME,
In the Office of the Librarian of Congress,
Ku-Kluxisra is dead, and I have no desire to re-open
the wounds inflicted by its bloody hands. I would to
God that the very recollection of the existence of such
an organization could be lost, and that all record of its
deeds could be effaced.
" Secret political societies are dangerous to the lib-
erties of a free people, and should not be tolerated."—
Constitution of North Carolina (1875).
But while the hand of Ku-Kluxism is stained with
blood, yet, considering the sufferings the South endured
during the brief existence of that organization, it is the
purest and whitest hand ever raised by an outraged
people to repel the assaults of their oppressors. Under
the reconstruction laws of Congress the people of the
South were required to overthrow tbeir own State gov-
ernments; to repudiate, not only their State debts,
but their own private contracts, as well ; to ratify the
taking from them by force, and without remuneration,
almost their entire property, and to adopt Constitutions
for their government which stripped them of the right
dearest to every citizen— the right to vote and hold of-
fice, while the' ignorant black man was clothed with
all the rights and immunities of citizenship. Is it any
f^ wonder, then, that the people took refuge in Ku-Klux
\^ Klans, that they might strike against the ruin and deso-
•^ lation, peculation and violence that threatened to de-
^ strov them? When Federal bayonets were used to
enforce the intolerable exactions of the government in
the way of taxes, and the arm of the negro militia to
sustain black demons in their violation of the sanctity
of homes and the chastity of women — is it any wonder
that men rushed into secret societies for the defense of
their wives, their mothers, their sisters and their homes ?
Long before a Ku-Klux was ever heard of in the
South, armed mobs of negroes and low-down scalawags
and carpet-baggers were marching through our towns
and country, insulting citizens and spreading terror
among all classes. Carpet-bag judges so interpreted
the law that scalawag juries found it an easy task to
acquit these demons when charged with crime ; but if,
perchance, a conviction could be had, a Republican
Governor stood ready to pardon the offender for his
vote. The result was that all good men were alarmed
for the safety of their property and families, and they
very naturally looked for some measures of protection.
But the cloud that overshadowed the South has van-
ished, and the sunlight of peace and prosperity now
lights up every pathway. Hope has returned, and the
statue of liberty has thrown its torch into every corner.
Life, liberty and property are as safe in the South to-
day as anywhere on the globe, and while the acquisi-
tion of power by the better element may not fully par-
don the method of obtaining it, yet justice will declare
that the use of this power by the better classes in
building up the country clearly vindicates their right
Nearly all the scenes described in this book are
founded on well authenticated historical facts. The
pictures here given have been gathered from the his-
tories of the Southern States, and a truthfulness of
portraiture is the only merit claimed for the work.
Born in October, 1859, I was too young to take any
part in the operations of the Ku-Klux, or to know much
of their actions, except what I have learned from his-
tory. So far as I know, no relation of mine ever be-
longed to the Klan, though my father was deprived,
for some time, of his right to vote by the Federal au-
thorities — an indignity his son will never forget.
Albemarle, N. C, 1895.
CHAPTER I. PAGE.
Violence Threatened ., ,— 9
Another Carpet-bagger Invited 19
A Discovery 28
How a Ku-Klux Mandate was Executed 46
A Viper Enters 57
Partisan Justice 72
Love or Gold ? 94
Two Villains Meet 105
A Ku-Klux Outrage 123
/ CHAPTER X.
The Two Villains Meet Again 130
The Klan Meets 165
A Conflict of Authority 172
The Death Chamber '. 192
CHAPTER XV. p^GE.
Still Weaving Bloody Woof 199
A Heroine Appears 212
The Judiciary Exhausted 223
A New Scheme 227
Pro Bono Publico 237
A Last Effort 243
The Election 255
KU-KLUX KLAN No. 40.
"A white man's government!"
"Death to scallawags, carpet-baggers and niggers!"
Such were the exclamations of a tall and athletic
young man, as he entered the almost impenetrable
woods at the foot of Glen Echo.
He was a Ku-Klux, and the first exclamation given
above [simply announced the number of the den to
which he belonged ; the second, the annual password,
and the third, the universal motto of the Klan respect-
ing political matters.
The hills around Glen Echo were covered with tall
and stately oaks and poplars, and a dense undergrowth
of laurel, and under this shadowy foliage the young
man secreted himself. He was reclining quietly on a
bed of leaves, when the pensive tranquility of the even-
ing was disturbed by the sound of horses' feet on the
road crossing at the foot of the glen. Raising himself
on his elbow, he peered through the laurel to discover
who the intruders were.
The first glimpse of the riders brought the young
man to his feet, with a flush of indignation on his cheek
and a scowl of dissatisfaction on his brow. Shaking
his clenched fist at the male intruder, for the eques-
10 Ku-Klux Klan No. J^O.
trians were in fact a young man and young lady taking
an evening ride, he muttered between his teeth :
" You miserable South-hating carpet-bagger ! How
dare you come in here and try to usurp my place in
the affection of that girl, whom you know I love ; that
her father despises you, and that I hate you ? I swear
by all the energies of my soul I will yet win her, and
save her the offense of marrying a radical carpet-bag-
ger if, in order to do so, I shall have to dip my finger
in your heart's blood, and write K. K. K, on the lid of
your coffin ! "
This ominous threat was not heard by either of the
riders. On the contrary, they stopped their horses within
a few feet of the young man in the thicket, and the gen-
tleman on horseback plucked a sprig of laurel and
handed it to the young lady, who placed the stem in her
bosom, and then, plucking a tiny twig containing only
two leaves, she leaned forward in her saddle and pinned
the leaves to the lappel of the young man's coat.
During this time the young man in the laurel bushes
was compelled, much to his discomfiture, to listen to
the following conversation :
" I have been thinking, Minnie," said the young man
on horseback, addressing the young lady in tones which
indicated the deepest passion, "that the condition to
our union which you impose makes it utterly impossi-
ble for us to ever consummate our wishes in marriage.
You know your father's aversion for a carpet-bagger,
and you know he refuses to recognize me by any other
name, or to see in me anything but the infamy and
disgrace which such an appellation implies ; and I fear
that your promise to marry me only on condition that
I first obtain your father's consent, is to pla^e an insur-
mountable barriOT betwixt us, and one thay will remain
ut despairing tones o/ the speaker
g lady to sigh deeply, but still she
caused the yo
convinced, Judge Farwell, from my
promise to nikrry you at all, thougli the promise be
coupled witty the condition of whitfh you complain,
that I cherisp for you an affection phich makes our
marriage necessary to my own happiness as well as, I
hope, to yours ; but I should have to consider myself
very remiss in filial duty to take ppon myself such a
fearful responsibilit}^ without the consent of my father."
" Excuse me for pleading with you," answered Judge
Farwell, " and now, if you will allow me to retaliate, I
will promise you never to mention this part of our sub-
ject again, on one condition : that is, if you will answer
me one question, the answer to which I am anxious to
" I suppose I might allow you to ask your question,"
said the young lady.
"But you might consider it a silly one."
"Then I would advise you not to ask it. I have
never known you to do a silly thing, and I would be
sorry to have you detract from your reputation in that
" But jealousy demands it, and I must ask it even at
the risk of being considered foolish. I want to know
if you love John Latham?"
" There was no necessity for such a question, and I am
surprised at it," answered the young lady. " Indeed,
12 Ku-Klux Klan No. J^O.
I am tempted to refuse an answer, not simply because
I think it a silly question, but because I consider it a
reflection upon my honesty. It seems to me you give
me little credit for sincerity if you think I would prom-
ise to marry you while loving another."
" Oh, I did not mean to question your sincerity in
the least, I assure you," answered the judge, "but you
know jealousy is the torment of every newly-accepted
lover, and knowing how popular you have been in the
town, and how assiduous Mr. Latham has been in his
attentions to you, I could not keep the monster out of
" Then if you really consider yourself entitled to an
answer, I will give it," answered the young lady : " Mr.
Latham and I have been reared children together, and
I have always esteemed him a very true friend, but I
have never thought of him as a lover, and I do not
know that he has ever wished me to so regard him.
He has my sincerest friendship and utmost confidence ;
"That was very kindly spoken," answ^ered the judge,
"and with (this assurance I will banish the monster
from my breast, and trusting you as implicitly as I
would have you trust me, I will content myself with
the hope that the rancor of party spirit w^ill soon sub-
side in our community, and that the inveterate malig-
nity engendered by the late war, and intensified by our
late political struggles, will soon be displaced by a
broad charity that will enable men to disagree in poli-
tics, as in other things, without hating each other ; and
that our marriage may then take place, not only with
the consent, but with the benediction, of your father."
Violence Threatened. 13
Just at this moment another young man turned a
bend in the road, about a hundred yards distant, which
brought this conversation abruptly to a close. As the
second young man walked leisurely down the road the
riders went to meet him at a brisk trot, as if they had
only stopped a moment to get a switch with which to
urge their horses home more rapidly.
This second young man doffed his hat familiarly to
the riders as they passed him in the road. Keaching
the glen he turned into the laurel thicket, but was
halted at the first step with the command :
'' Halt ! who comes there ? "
" A ghoul," answered the young man who had just
come up, and " a member of Den No. 40."
"Advance with the password," answered the voice
in the bushes.
The young man went forward to meet and exchange
the secret password of the den with his friend, John
Before proceeding further with this narrative it is
necessary that the persons who have so far appeared
should be introduced to the reader.
The young man whom we first found in the laurel
bushes was John Latham. He was a handsome fellow,
and possessed a magnificent physique. His father had
been killed in the war, and his widowed mother,
her efforts to rear her son and provide the means
of his education, had well-nigh spent all that was left
her after the ravages of Sherman's army in his noto-
rious " march to the sea." Youjig Latham was desper-
ately in love with the young lady whom he heard
speak of her plighted faith to her companion of the
14 Kv^Klux Klan No. J^O.
evenina:, but from some cause he had deferred men-
tioning his love to her.
The young man on horseback was Judge Richard Far-
well, who had lately come South from the State of Mass-
achusetts. He was at first greeted bv the inhabitants
of Westville by the opprobrious epithet of " carpet-
bagger," but by his gentlemanly deportment and manly
courage he had, by this time, so far won the confidence
and respect of the citizens of the town that very few
now applied to him that reproachful title. Indeed, so
acceptable to the people had he become that when the
resident judge of the judicial district died, he was
appointed judge of the district. This was done be-
cause no other lawyer in the district could accept the
office on account of the " iron-clad oath " which the
Federal statute required to be administered to all per-
sons inducted into office. This oath required all offi-
cers to swear that they had never given aid or encour-
agement to the enemies of the United States govern-
ment, nor accepted office under any government hostile
to the United States; and very few persons in the
South could take it. Judge Farwell was a man of
conspicuous ability and broad culture, but his legal
knowledge was quite limited, behaving obtained license
to practice law only a few weeks before his appointment
as judge, under a statute then in force, which allowed
any person to become an attorney by simply paying a
tax fee of twenty dollars. He had never attended a
law school or prepared himself in any way for the
duties of his chosen profession ; but he possessed an
astute and logical mind, and by close application to
the study of the law during leisure hours, he so far
Violence Threatened. 15
mastered the rudiments of his profession as to sustain
himself with tolerable credit on the bench, though he
sometimes made ludicrous mistakes, as might be ex-
pected. He was tall and handsome, and as gallant and
courageous as any Southern cavalier.
The young lady was Miss Minnie Wyland, and no
fairer flower of womanhood ever grew on Southern
soil. She would be called a blonde, had blue eyes,
rosy cheeks, pearly teeth and was tall and graceful.
She was the daughter of Major James Wyland, who
fought on the side of the Confederacy throughout the
four long years of the war, and who came out of the
war and still remained, an "unreconstructed rebel."
He was very tenacious of his own opinions, and intol-
erant of the opinions of others, and hated capet-bag-
gers and scallawags w^orse than a Christian hates the
devil. He was a lawyer, and so fond of controversy
that if you happened to agree with him, even in com-
mon conversation, he would immediately take an oppo-
site view of the subject, simply for the sake of argu-
The other young man, who announced himself as a
"ghoul of Den JSTo. 40," was Albert Seaton. He was
a young man of noble family, polished education, chiv-
alrous disposition, and was as generous and unselfish
as any man that ever lived. He had joined the Ku-
Klux from a sense of duty.
The reader, no doubt, has already surmised that the
meeting of Albert Seaton and John Latham was not
by mere accident, and this conjecture is entirely correct.
Almost immediately after the exchange of the pass-
word of the den between Latham and Seaton, other
16 Ku-Klux Klan No. 1^0.
members of the Klan began to assemble at the foot of
the glen, and each one, as he approached and entered
the laurel thicket, was halted and required to give the
password of the evening. These passwords were changed
at every meeting of the Klan, in order to exclude from
participation in the proceedings of their meetings any
person who was not at the time actually co operating
with the Klan.
The place selected for the meetings of the Klan
seemed to have been specially prepared by the hand of
nature for such a purpose. Glen Echo, in fact, ap-
peared to be nothing less than a great natural amphi-
theatre lying between two mountains, with only one
possible way of entrance or exit. For some distance
from the mouth of the glen the passage between the
cliffs was narrow and difficult, and through this the
ghouls marched in single file until they reached the
broader surface, some distance back, where their secret
meetings were held.
Albert Seaton was Cyclop, or master, of the den. A
local den had no other officers.
As it was one of the rules of the Klan that no word
should be spoken after entering the glen, or cave, ex-
cept on matters pertaining to business, the Klan pro-
ceeded at once to the discharge of the business be-
"I will hear a report from the committee to investi-
gate the conduct of Peter Tinklepaugh," said the Cy-
clop, adjusting his cap, which was over two feet high
and on which was painted a rattlesnake, coiled and
ready to spring.
Violence Threatened. IT
Peter Tinklepaugh was a genuine carpet-bagger from
the State of Connecticut. He had been tempted to
come South by the same philanthropic motive that
prompted so many others to come from that home of
virtue, viz., a willingness to take charge of some lucra-
tive office in the gift of the newly-enfranchised negro ;
but poor Peter had been disappointed as an office-
seeker, and had found congenial employment as a
school-teacher for the colored children in the vicinity
of Kenneth Grove. It was reported of Tinklepaugh
that he not only taught the negroes social equality
with the whites, but that he had actually set them an
example, that fixed at once his status in the social
circle, by taking unto himself a wife from among the
sable daughters of Ham. It was this charge that the
committee had been appointed to investigate. The
committee, however, owing to the distance to Kenneth
Grove had not completed their investigations, so the
matter was continued until next meeting.
"Any charges to be preferred against any one?"
again demanded the Cyclop.
Here Sam Washburn handed up the following:
"Richard Farwell, judge. Charges —
" 1. Appointing a negro as an officer of court, to-wit :
the appointment of Dick Madison as court crier.
" 2. Causing negroes to be empanelled as jurors.
" 3. Refusing to allow challenges to jurors on account
Sam "Washburn was an active and influential member
of the Klan, and had the honor of being one of the ten
genii of the empire.
18 Kif^Klux Klcm No. J(,0.
Although the charge against judge Farwell was made
by Sam Washburn, it will not require any supernatural
power of discernment to reach the conclusion that the
real author was a young man whose heart was wrung
with jealousy, and who had that very evening sworn
vengeance against his rival. It was a rule of the Klan
that all charges against any person should be presented
in writing in a disguised hand, and that a paper con-
taining a charge should never be presented by the per-
son complaining, so that the majority should never
know who the real complainant was.
A committee consisting of Sam Washburn, John Lat-
ham and Henry Worthel was appointed by the Cyclop
to investigate the charge made against judge Farwell,
and the committee instructed to report at next meeting.
Another Carpet-hagger Inmted. 19
ANOTHER CARPET-BAGGER INVITED.
When Judge Farwell separated from Minnie Wyland,
on reaching home after the eventful ride mentioned
in the last chapter, he was in such a state of ecstatic
bliss that he actually imagined himself in love with
everything that surrounded him. The town of West-
ville never before seemed half so lovely, nor its broad
streets, lined on each side with stately elms, half so
enchanting. In the exuberance of his joy, he forgot and
forgave the animosities engendered by recent political
struggles, while the soft, sweet words of Minnie Wy-
land drowned even the voice of unjust criticism, which
had lately cried out against him with such partisan
It was in this state of mind that the judge entered
his room at the Midland Hotel, where he found an old
servant, Ben Wyland, a former slave of Major James
Wyland, just kindling a fire, for though it was in the
month of May, and the flowers were in bloom, a little
fire after nightfall was not uncomfortable.
"Hello, Uncle Ben," said the judge, "it seems you
are a little late in preparing my fire this evening."
"Well, jedge," said Uncle Ben, "I knowed yo' wus
gone out ridin' wid Miss Minnie agin, an' I didn't 'spect
yo' home till night driv yo' in, so I thought I'd have the
fire jes' started like when yo' got here."
"Yery well, Uncle Ben," answered the judge, "I
have no complaint to make of your tardiness ; but how
20 Ka-Klux Klan No. Jfi.
came you to know I had gone out riding with Miss
Minnie, and what induced you to believe that I would
remain out bevond mv usual hour?"
" Nevermind," answered Uncle Ben, " I'se gittin' old,
now, and I'se waited on too many young men in love
not to be able to jedge by de praprations an' oder ebi-
dences whar dey gwine when I see 'em start out in de
direcshun ob her house, an' as fur stayin' out late, why,
ob co'se any man would stay out wid sich a gal as Miss
Minnie as long as he could."
" Then you are well acquainted with her, are you,
" Laws' sake, jedge, ob co'se I is, when I wurked
dar all my life till dis year. I'se knowed her.eber
sense she wus a baby, an' a nice gal she is, too."
" I presume you will not find any one to disagree
with you in your estimation of her — at least not here,"
answered the judge. " But did you really belong to
Major Wyland in slavery time, Uncle Ben ? "
" Yes, sah, jedge, an' a mighty good massa he wus,
too, do' dey do say he's mighty 'posed to de cullud
man bein' erlowed to vote wid de white folks now.
Dey say he berlongs to de chuck-a-lucks."
*' Ku-Klux, I guess you mean. Uncle Ben."
" Yes, sar, I means de chuck-a-lucks what whips de
cullud folks fer votin' an' jining de leags. Dey whip-
ped Uncle Mose Patterson jes befor' las' 'lection an'
skeered him so he dun lef de country befo' de 'lection
" Yes, I have heard of the numerous lawless outrages
committed by these bands of assassins in this country,"
Another Carpet-hagyer Invited. 21
answered the judge. " But why have they never mo-
lested you, Uncle Ben? Do you not exercise your
blood-bought privileges as a citizen enough to cast a
vote for the party that gave you your freedom ? "
" No, sah. I neber votes now, jedge. I voted once,
an' voted de 'Publicin ticket, but ole massa say it dun
me no good ; dat de 'Publicin party dun fooled me
erbout de forty acres an' de mule, an' I tole him I'd
quit votin' till I got de promise."
" You mean by the promise, the forty acres and the
mule, uncle Ben ? "
"Yes, sah, dat's it. De 'Publicin party told de cul-
lud men to vote de 'Publicin ticket an' ebery one would
git forty acres ob land an' a mule, an' ole massa tells
me dat foolin' me once wus ernough."
"Very well," answered the judge, a little vexed at
finding any colored man who failed to follow the be-
hests of the Republican party, " we will discuss these
matters some other time, and I think I can show you
it is still your duty to help perpetuate the power of the
party that broke the shackles of slavery from your
ankles. I wish to write a letter now, so you will please
bring my writing materials from the table in the corner
of the room there, and place them on the table before
Uncle Ben obeyed this command with the alacrity of
an old-time servant, and having placed the writing
materials on the table, as requested, he bowed respect-
fully to the judge, as he closed the door behind him,
and then picked up his hat, which he had deposited on
the floor just outside the door of the room in the true
22 Kv^Klux Klan No. J^O.
style of an cmte helium servant, and wended his way
to the kitchen.
As soon as he had gone, judge Farwell seized his pen
and wrote the following letter to Donald Weston, his
old school-mate and friend back in Massachusetts :
" My Dear Weston : You will remember that when
I bid you good-bye to come South, I promised you if the
Ku-Klux did not hang me as an example to all other
carpet-baggers ' in like cases offending,' I would write
you my impressions of the country, and would also
advise you whether you could afford to risk your own
precious carcass among the people of the 'Invisible
Empire.' I am happy to inform you that in most re-
spects my highest expectations have been fully realized,
and though I am often pained at the recital of tales of
vindictive lawlessness on the part of the numerous Ku-
Klux-Klans in the country, I find that a vast majority
of the people are as law-abiding and as cultured, intel-
ligent and industrious as the people of Massachusetts.
I say my highest expectations have been realized ; in-
deed, they have been exceeded. I have been appointed
judge of the Superior Courts of this judicial district,
and when you come down here (and you must come)
you will have to address me as ' Judge Farwell ', instead
of by the old school-boy name of ' Dick.' It happened
in this way : You will remember that the United States
Congress passed a law requiring all officers to take and
subscribe to an oath to the effect that they had never
given aid or encouragement to the enemies of the
United States, or held office under any government
Another Carpet-hagger Invited. 23
hostile to the United States. Well, I had just obtained
license to practice law in this State, under a State stat-
ute authorizing any person to practice law who would
pay a tax fee of twenty dollars, when the judge of this
judicial district died, and it so happened that no other
lawyer in the district could take the oath of office re-
quired by the act of Congress, and so I received the
appointment of judge without ever having read Black-
stone or Kent. This district is filled with lawyers of
eminent ability, some of them are really brilliant, but
all of them are very kind to me, and treat me with the
"Now, what I wish to impress upon your mind most
particularly in this letter, is that you may strike the
same good fortune by coming to this county and com-
ing at once. The State solicitor (prosecuting attorney)
of this judicial district is very old and feeble, and he
promises to resign in favor of any young man who will
accept the position and who belongs to the Republican
party, and by coming at once you can get the posi-
tion. No native young man can take the place because
all who have the requisite education belong to the op-
posing party. All you have to do is to come before me at
the beginning of next term of the Superior Court, with
a certificate of good moral character and the clerk's
receipt for the tax fee of twenty dollars, and I will
grant your license. Bring your certificate of good
moral character with you, and Gome at once.
"Now, a few words as to the social and political con-
ditions of this country : Although several years have
elapsed since the cessation at Appomatox of actual hos-
24 Ku-Klux Klan No. IfO.
tilities, the political sea is by no means serene ; but the
surges of the great commotion still continue to agitate
the waters, notwithstanding the tempest has subsided.
The political caldron boils with fury, and the fuel that
feeds the flames is composed of the animosities of the
old slavery contest. Numerous secret political socie-
ties exist, and the political intrigues are concocted with
Satanic ingenuity, and are executed, when necessary,
by the hands of assassins, and this, too, with impunity.
The most formidable of these secret political organi-
zations is, as you have no doubt already learned, the
Ku-Klux-Klan, a secret, oath-bound, organization, whose
chief object is the suppression of the negro as a fac-
tor in politics. These 'Klans' are w^ell organized, and
fully equipped for any devilment that may be sug-
gested. Their local lodges are usually denominated
dens^ while the members of these dens or Klans are
called gouls.^ and the presiding officers, or masters, are
called Cyclops. A county is &. province., and is governed
by a grand giant and four goblins. A congressional
district is a dominion., governed by a grand Titan and
six furies; a State is a 7'ealm, governed by a grand dragon
and eight hydras, and the whole country is an empire,
governed by a grand wizard and ten genii. Their ban-
ner is triangular, on which is painted a black dragon on
a yellow field with a red border. Their dress consists
of a long, loose gown of any color selected by each
particular Klan, and a covering for the head descending
to the breast. This head-dress is usually decorated in
some startling and fantastic manner, and the wearer is
an object of terror to all beholders, especially to the
Another Carpet-bagger Invited. 25
superstitious colored man. The top of this head-dress
is cone-shaped, being supported by small wires, and
often reaches two feet above the head of the wearer,
"The numerous murders, whippings, burnings and
other depredations committed by these marauding
bands, have created a reign of terror in this country,
but I have instructed the grand juries in all the coun-
ties in my judicial district to investigate these mat-
ters, and to return indictments against all offenders,
and I am hopeful that a few convictions of some of
the leading spirits, followed by a condign punishment,
will restore peace and harmony, and insure the public
"Now, my dear Weston, I have presented the dark-
est side of the picture to you, simply because I have
written mainly of the political situation here ; but I have
a brighter side of the picture to show you when I see you,
and I assure you in conclusion that when you come you
will find much to love and admire in these Southern peo-
ple, notwithstanding their bitter partisan prejudices,
social caste and sectional hatred. This country is now
taking on a new life, and there are many opportunities
here for political preferment and honor, and for the
accumulation of wealth. You will be called a ' carpet-
bagger,' of course, but do not let that reproachful epi-
thet deter you from coming. The ultra-partisans of
the Bourbon Democracy call all persons from the North,
who come to make their homes in the South, ' carpet-
baggers;' but the term is more generally applied to
those who become seekers of the oflBce, while all native
white persons who aflBliate with the Republican party
26 Ku-Klux Klan No. J^O.
are called ' scallawags.' Against this latter class vin-
dictive prejudice vents its direst spleen, and Democratic
orators exhaust their powers of invective. They are
excommunicated from the church, ostracised from
society, and whipped and scourged by the Ku-Klux.
Nevertheless, you will find a number of intelligent white
men who are still loyal to the cause of the Union, and
who can take the ' test oath ' without any scruples of
" Trusting that I may be favored with a speedy reply,
or, what is better still, that you will answer in person,
" Very truly your friend,
Whoever heard of a young man just entering upon
the threshold of manhood refusing to accept a respect-
able and lucrative office ? Certainly no such charge
was ever preferred against the reputation of any one
of the horde of carpet-baggers who invaded the South
just after the late war, as the Goths and Huns once
invaded Europe, and who corrupted and debauched
the public morals, bankrupted our governments, and
destroyed public credit. And so it was with our new
acquaintance, Donald Weston, as the following letter
in answer to the above will show :
"My Dear Judge : — You see I recognize the dignity
of your new position at once by discarding the old
familiar name of "Dick," and addressing you by the
title of your office. You cannot imagine how surprised
Another Carpet-hagger Invited. 27
I was when I read that you had obtained license to
practice law without the usual requisite preparation,
and that you had been appointed judge without ever
having had a client ; but my astonishment reached its
climax when I read further on that almost a similar
position was within my own grasp and on similar terms.
Of course I will come, and of course I will accept the
office tendered ; and when once I am installed in office,
all I want is a volume of precedents from which to
draw indictments against the members of those infa-
mous Ku-Klux Klans for their lawless depredations.
Trust me to be with you as soon as I can make the
necessary arrangements for my departure from home.
"Mother and my two sisters send their kindest per-
"Yours, "Donald Weston."
28 KiJt^Klux Klan No. W.
In the first chapter it was stated that Albert Seaton
had joined the Ku-Klux from a sense of duty, but the
reader was not informed how that sense of duty arose
and how it impelled him to become a member of the
Let us take a cursory glance at his history and a
brief survey of his surroundings, at the period covered
by this story, and we shall see.
He was born in 1847, and consequently was just a
little too young to be conscripted into the service of
the Confederate army before the surrender at Appo-
mattox ; but he was old enough to remember and appre-
ciate Sherman's famous " march to the sea," and the
raids and depredations of the victorious I^orthern army
on its homeward march after the close of the great
In 1870 he still lived with his mother and sister at
Cherrycroft, the old Seaton homestead; but every
glance at the premises, in their dilapidated condition,
recalled the devastation committed by Sherman's vic-
torious army when that famous Federal commander
descended upon the eastern portion of Georgia and the
Carolinas, and with the hand of Hyder Ali made deso-
late the fairest country on earth, burned all the barns
and gin-houses, pillaged the stores, confiscated all the
horses and mules, scared all the women and children
A Discovery. 29
into hysterical fits, and left them destitute of the sim-
plest means of subsistence. "Well he remembered the
night when Gen. Sherman took quarters for himself
and statT in Cherrycroft. He had stood, with his trem-
bling mother and little sister, on the broad piazza in the
presence of the dreaded General, and had heard the
command given to apply the torch to every building
on the premises, save the dwelling in which they were
quartered. And well he remembered, too, that while
the flames from more than a dozen barns and gin-
houses in the community were observed soaring higher
toward heaven than the spirits of some of those who
applied the torches will ever reach, the same famous
General taunted them with the remark : " It does me
good to see these flames lighting up the elements at
night; it shows that my men are at work."*
This was young Seaton's first introduction to the
But there was another scene that made a more indeli-
ble impression on the mind of the young man, and
that had a more potent influence in shaping the course
and destiny of his life. His father, Col. Albert Sea-
ton, Sr., fought throughout the four weary years of the
vrar, and surrendered only with his beloved commander
under the famous apple-tree. With a heart heavy with
disappointment, humiliated and discouraged, ragged,
dirt}^, bleeding and hungry, he turned his face once
more toward home. Visions of that beautiful home,
surrounded by a magnificent grove and substantial
out-houses, flitted across his mind, as step by step, he
30 Ku-Klux Klan No. J^O.
wended his way thitherward with bleeding feet. In
his imagination, he saw his beautiful wife and the two
children, coming down the lane to meet him and greet
him with kisses of affection. His wife and children
did meet him and greet him with kisses and tears of
joy, but the roses of beauty had faded from the cheeks
of his wife; her eyes, like her cheeks, were sunken and
hollow, and her voice, so long accustomed to utter the
plaints of misfortune and disappointment, was tremu-
lous and weak, while his children, the descendants of a
noble and once opulent family, were actually famish-
ing for bread.
Col. Seaton reached home a few weeks in advance of
the advent in his vicinity of the victorious Federal sol-
diery, who, on their homeward march, pillaged, plun-
dered, confiscated, squandered and stole everything
that the iron-heel of war had not destroyed. With that
indomitable courage and energy so characteristic of the
Southern hero, he set about at once to repair his wasted
fortunes. He had just finished planting a belated crop,
himself and son both taking a hand at the plow, when
another Federal officer with his command reached the
neighborhood and camped for the night on the planta-
tion. Soon after nightfall a band of stragglers set out
for a raid in the neighborhood, but soon returned with
the news that they had found the dead body of a T^orth-
ern soldier in the fence-corner down at the foot of the
lane leading up to the house of Col. Seaton. Death to
these men was a familiar thing, but the sight of a dead
body on the field of battle was quite a different thing
from the sight of a dead soldier by the road-side after
A Discovery. 31
the cessation of hostilities, and demand was made for
an investigation as to the cause of death. The skull
of the dead man was crushed in, as if by a blow inflicted
with some dull, heavy instrument, and there could be
no doubt of the fact that the poor fellow had met his
death by violence.
Accordingly, a court-martial was ordered, and all the
negroes of the neighborhood were subpoenaed as wit-
nesses. A few whites were also examined, but it was
thought unnecessary to subpoena those who would not
voluntarily appear and testify, and all who failed to
so appear were forthwith accused of the murder. After
a most patient investigation, no clue as to who the mur-
derer was could be discovered (the negro who killed
the Yankee with a pine knot in a quarrel over a bottle
of liquor having testified that he knew nothing about
it), but the blood of a Northern soldier had been spilled,
and his surviving brethren, whose thirst for the blood
of the men in tattered gray had not been satiated dur-
ing the war, now clamored for the life of some South-
ern man in expiation of the crime.
Then it was that the Federal commander adopted a
novel plan for avenging the death of the dead com-
rade, a plan hitherto unknown in the annals of war, and
for which Grotius gives us no precedent. It was ordered
that slips of white paper, representing in number all the
white men in the coummunity for five miles around,
should be placed in a hat; that a cross mark should be
made on one of the slips, and that, after shuffling them
carefully, each man in the community within the pre-
scribed limits should draw a paper from the hat, and that
32 Kvr-Klux Klan No. 1^0.
the man who drew the paper having the cross mark on
it should be immediately condemned to be shot.
Col. Seaton took his position in the line that marched
toward the fated hat, with an uneasy presentiment that
he was to be the victim. His wife and children stood
a few steps to one side, but not so far off but that he
could see the palid countenance and trembling lips of
his dear wife, as she watched, with bated breath, each
man as he placed his hand in the hat and drew forth a
blank paper, every blank drawn lessening the chances
of escape for her husband. At last Col. Seaton's turn
came ; he placed his hand in the hat and drew forth a
paper, and his presentiment was verified. With one
wild leap he cleared the line of Federal soldierv, and
the next moment he was bounding through the woods
on a race for life. The order to follow and capture
him was quickly given, and a score of blue coats, some
mounted and some afoot, joined in the pursuit. The
moon was shining brightly, and the flying form of the
condemned man could be plainly seen as he crossed a
small clearing before reaching the heavy woods. A
volley of shot followed him, and as the report of the
guns died on the night air, Mrs. Seaton swooned, and
was conveyed by her terrified son into the house. She
wrote to the Federal commander after he had gone,
asking to be informed of the fate of her husband, at
at least to know his burial place, but he deigned her no
And such was young Albert's second introduction to
the Republican party.
Nor had his experience with that party inspired him
A Discovej'y. 33
with confidence in its teachings and principles, or re-
spect for its votaries. The first time he ever attempted
to exercise his right to vote after attaining his major-
ity, he found a miserable, one-eyed carpet-bagger from
Maine, and two negroes, sitting as judges of election,
and a motley crew, composed of carpet-baggers, scal-
awags, and negroes around the polls. A large num-
ber of the intelligent and respectable portion of the
community, he was informed, were not permitted to
vote, over thirty thousand in the State being deprived
of their elective franchise under the "iron-clad oath,"
required by the act of Congress of February 20, 18^7,
which gave the colored men the ballot, but disfran-
chised, in many instances, their late masters. The
ballot-boxes, at the close of the day, were taken in charge
by the one-eyed carpet-bagger from Maine, who after-
wards transmitted them to the Military Governor ap-
pointed by President Johnson to take charge of the
Provincial State government, who counted the ballots
and certified the returns, according to his own sweet
will, to the authorities at the State capital. This and
and other disgraceful scenes caused young Seaton to
look with the apprehension of a statesman upon the
continued encroachments of the dominant party upon
what was left of Southern autonomy. He saw around
him thousands of illiterate and inexperienced colored
voters, led by unprincipled and designing adventurers,
who concocted and carried into effect the most flagrant
and disgusting*schemes of pecuniary plunder that ever
human ingenuity invented, or venal avarice carried
into execution. He knew also that these colored voters
34 Ku-Klux Klan No. 1^0.
had been organized into a great secret society, the ob-
ject of which was to perpetuate the reign of the Re-
publican party, and that they had been instructed and
taught to believe that their late masters were their
inveterate enemies; that the white man only waited for
the power to place the manacles of slavery around their
feet again, and that it was proper and right that they
should " spoil the Egyptians " by pillaging, plundering,
burning and murdering, if necessary, to enhance the
interests of the party. In such a state of affairs it was
but natural that a young, hot-blooded youth, stung to
desperation by the remembrance of the indignities
heaped upon his father's family, the wanton destruc-
tion of their property, and of the inhuman murder of
his father, should join the Ku-Klux, the object of which
was to counteract the measures of the Union League
and protect society,
Begging pardon for the digression which was nec-
essary, in order to explain Albert Seaton's connection
with the Klan, I will now conduct the reader again to
Glen Cove, but this time by a more circuitous route.
The forenoon of the day appointed for the next meet-
ing of the Klan was rainy and gloomy, and John Latham
sat in his room and looked out upon the muddy streets
of Westville, with an uneasy foreboding that the rain
might interfere and prevent the meeting; but about
noon the clouds broke and drifted away, the sun shone
out, and everything gave promise of a serene and
beautiful evening. It was a splendid day for squirrel
hunting, and there were plenty of them in the high
hills around Glen Echo, and the idea occurred to John
A Discovery. 35
that he would get Sam "Washburn and Henry Worthel,
and they would repair to the hills to spend the after-
noon in that delightful sport and recreation. Of course,
no one will be so uncharitable as to charge that a young
man, who simply takes his gun and calls his dog to go
hunting, in company with a couple of friends, could
have any sinister motive in view, or wicked purpose to
serve, and, therefore, no importance should be attached
to the fact that just before starting out to find his two
friends he placed a small bundle of papers in his shot-
pouch, and gave a malicious chuckle. Henry Worthel
was clerk at the Midland Hotel where Judge Farwell
boarded, but the judge was then at the court-house,
hearing an important application for a writ of habeas
corpus, filed by a man who had been imprisoned on a
charge of killing a negro preacher, and so our friend,
Latham, did not have to encounter the glance of his
successful rival on going to the hotel. He found Henry
Worthel at his desk in the hotel oSice, ready to accept
the cash at the rate of two dollars per da}'' from every
departing guest, in exchange for the meagre fare served
by uncle Ben and a dusky maiden by the name of
" Look here, Henry," said John as he sauntered into
the hotel office with an air that might have indicated
to a stranger that he was the proprietor of the place,
"how would you like to beg off this afternoon and go
squirrel hunting on the hills around Glen Echo? The
rain this morning and the succeeding sunshine have
made it a most auspicious time for such sport."
" I quite agree with you," answered Henry, " that it
is a splendid time for that purpose, but will we not vio-
36 Ku-Klux Klan No. 1^0.
late one of the rules of the Klan by allowing ourselves
to be seen lurking in the neighborhood of the glen be-
"O, pshaw !" answered John, looking carefully around
to see that no one overheard this conversation ; " what
member of the Klan would be idiotic enough to accuse
us of lurking in the vicinity of the den when we hunt
with guns and dogs and make noise enough to wake
the dead? It may be that we shall find some member
of the Union League lurking around, though, and if so,
we can take him off instead of a squirrel, and so serve
the country better,"
" Xo, we will not be likely to find any of them out
this evening," said Henry. " They had their meeting-
last night at the Cross Roads school-house, so Sam
Washburn informs me, and as their meeting lasted
nearly all night, I think very few of them have energy
enough to stir out much to-day."
"An all-night meeting would indicate the transaction
of important business," said John, " and we must ascer-
tain what it was. I presume that carpet-bagger judge
was there, directing them in their devilty."
"I do not know who were present, or what they
did," said Henry. " You know our spy never discloses
professional secrets, except in open meeting of the
"'And that reminds me of the fact that he is to make
one of our hunting party," answered John ; " so get
ready and we will be off, and will stop in after him."
The person here designated as "the spy" was Sam-
uel Washburn, who has been partially introduced to
the reader already. It may seem strange to speak of
A Discovery. 37
the existence of professional spies so many years after
the beligerent armies had been disbanded, but the pri-
vate citizen may learn many useful lessons from the
manoeuvres of an army, and many military tac-
tics may be adopted and used to advantage by the
civilians. The-Ku-Klux Klan was organized for the
purpose of countervailing the wicked measures of the
Union League, and as the League in the vicinity of
Westville had resolved upon a regular system of dep-
redations, by burning and otherwise destroying the
property of the white respectable people of the com-
munity, it became necessary, in order to circumvent
such wicked designs, to ascertain every proposed move-
ment of the enemy in advance, and hence " Klan Xo,
40 " had resorted to the military expedient of employ-
ing spies, who were required to work their way into
the League, and to report all plans and intended move-
ments to the Klan. Through this system of espionage
the Klan was enabled to avert many direful calamities,
threatened to be visited by the League upon the peo-
ple of the community in retaliation for outrages alleged
to have been committed by the Ku-Klux.
Sam Washburn was a " hail fellow well met " to
everybody, and this description of him, so far as his
manners are concerned, is sufficient. He was, withal,
a sharp, shrewd politician, as ingenious as the devil
in forming his designs, and as bold as a lion in execut-
ing them, and his service as a spy for the Ku-Klux
gave him an opportinity of displaying his subteltyand
bravery in a way that secured for him the admiration,
as well as the confidence, of every member of the
38 Ku-Klux Klan No. J^O.
He was soon found, and as his jolly disposition made
him an enthusiastic sportsman, as well as a successful
spy, he readily joined the hunting expedition, but in-
sisted that they should go by Cherrycroft for Albert
To this proposition Ilenr}^ Worthel readily assented,
but John Latham did so rather reluctantly, and placed
his hand on the bundle of papers in his shot-pouch with
an expression of uneasiness in his countenance, as much
as to say that he preferred to have along none but the
original hunting party — in short, none but the members
of the committee appointed to investigate the charges
preferred at the last meeting of the Klan against Judge
Farwell ; for the truth is, that John had planned this
hunting expedition for the sole purpose of having the
committee consider the charges and formulate their
report, and the bundle of papers referred to was simply
copies from the record of the Superior Court of West
County, giving evidence to sustain the charge preferred
at the last meeting of the Klan. He knew that Sam felt
rather kindly disposed toward the judge, on account of
some recent favors, and so wished for more time than
they would have on the road between town and Cherry-
croft, within which to poison Sam's mind against the
judge and induce him to recommend rigorous punish- ,
ment; but seeing his plans frustrated, in part, he resolved
to make the best of his opportunity, and if he could not
induce Sam to recommend the punishment which, in
his opinion, the magnitude of the offense deserved, he
would try and have the report submitted without
recommendation as to the punishment to be inflicted,
A Discovery. 39
leaving that to be determined by the ghouls of the
Klan. The judge's real offense, so far as John Latham
was concerned, was his presumption in falling in love
with Minnie Wyland, but such presuraptuousness, in
John's estimation, was a crime which deserved the
" Well, boys," said John, as soon as they had left be-
hind them the last suburban residence and had passed
the line of incorporation marked with the words "Town
Boundary", on a stone planted by the roadside, " I pre-
sume that you have not forgotten 3'our appointment
on the committee to investigate the conduct of the im-
ported carpet-bagger judge."
"No," answered Henry Worthel, "I have not en-
tirely forgotten the fact of m}^ appointment on the
committee, but I am afraid I shall have to call into re-
quisition the ingenuity of our worthy spy to invent for
me some excuse for my remissness in failing to make
a proper investigation, unless his power of invention
shall be exhausted in framing an excuse for himself."
" Oh, no," said Sam, " I never bother myself with
"Nor I, either," answered John Latham, "and in this
particular instance I am under no necessity of doing
so, for I have in my possession certified copies of the
records of our Superior Court, which will fully sustain
the charge made against him by our Klan,"
It will be noticed that John spoke of the charges as
having been made by "our Klan," for he was careful
to avoid all suspicion of his personal interest in the
matter, and not even Sam Washburn, who presented
the written charges, knew who the real author was.
40 Kv-Klux Klan No. kO.
"As for my part," said Henry Worthel, " I have be-
come so thoroughly disgusted with his social equality
ideas, as exhibited about the hotel where he boards, that
I am willing to sign a report sustaining the charges on
a simple inspection of the copies of the records. I am
tired of hearing a negro wench addressed as "Miss,"
and of seeing the servants all treated as the social
equals of the proprietor and guests of the hotel."
" Well," said Sam, " let us see your certified copies
of the record, John, and we will sit down here on this
log and make out whatever report we can agree upon."
They all three sat down on the log pointed out by
Sam, and John Latham proceeded to unroll his certi-
fied copies of the records, with as much seriousness and
dignity as is usually displayed by a negro preacher on
opening the Bible for the purpose of taking his text.
The first case appearing on the records showed that
judge Farwell had sustained a challenge to a juror on
the ground that the defendant on trial was a colored
man, and that the juror had expressed the opinion that
he could not do impartial justice between the State and
a colored person on trial, charged with burning the barn
of a w^hite person. This challenge was made by an
insolent little twenty-dollar lawyer, and the judge sus-
tained it on the ground that antipathy between the
races was evidence of sufficient personal ill-will to dis-
qualify the juror.
The next case was one in which the prosecuting at-
torney for the State was permitted by the Court to
ask each juror on the original panel if he had any feel-
ing or prejudice which would prevent the juror from
A Discovery. 41
returning a verdict of guilt}'' against a white man for
killing a negro. In this case the solicitor for the State
was also permitted by the Court to ask each juror if he
did not belong to a secret organization which had im-
posed upon him an oath or obligation, beside which an
oath administered in a Court of Justice, if in conflict
with the oath imposed by such secret order, would be
disregarded. This last challenge was considered as a
direct thrust at the Ku-Klux, and as an unwarranted
interference on the part of the Court with the con-
sciences of its members.
In the next case the charge was that the judge, after
the grand jury had returned a bill in open court with
the endorsement " not a true bill," had refused to re-
ceive this return ; but had ordered the grand jury to
be brought into court and placed in the box occupied
by the trial jury, and that he had there publicly ex-
amined them himself, and had instructed the grand
jury that if they believed the evidence they should re-
verse their former decision and return the bill endorsed
"a true bill." This was considered an unwarranted
interference with the province of the grand jury, and
a dangerous and revolutionary subversion of that an-
cient sj'^stem of a secret investigation as to the commis-
sion of crime. In this case it appeared, by certificate
of the Supreme Court, that even a Republican Supreme
Court had reversed the decision of the court below, and
had held that the action of the judge of the Superior
Court in thus examining the witnesses before the grand
jury in public was a dangerous departure from the ordi-
nary course of procedure in our courts of justice.
Although several similar cases were shown by the
42 Kv^Klux Klan No. Jfi.
record, only one other was considered by the committee,
as those enumerated were declared to be sufficient to
sustain the charge. The other case considered, was one
in which judge Farwell had directed the sheriff to sum-
mon from among the bystanders colored jurors in a
civil suit between a white man aud a neo-ro.
These records were adjudged sufficient to sustain the
allegations contained in the written charge, presented
against judge Farwell at the last meeting of the Klan,
and a report in accordance therewith was unanimously
agreed upon and signed by the committee.
After the signing of the report the committee, or
rather, the hunting party now, since their duties as a
committee had been discharged for the time, were
joined by Albert Seaton, whom they found on the road-
side before reaching the house, and the four proceeded
at once to the hills around Glen Echo.
Just before reaching the foot of the narrow gorge
where the road crosses it, they were startled by a low,
rumbling noise, somewhat resembling the sound of an
earthquake, which seemed to be rapidly approaching,
and which immediately threw them into a state of the
wildest consternation. They gazed at each other for
a moment in mute bewilderment, and on their counte-
nances were depicted evidences of the wildest despair.
The bravest among them (the spy) spoke first.
"A cyclone boys, let us fly to the rocks at the head
of Glen Echo for shelter ! "
The words were scarcely uttered before the spy was
dashing up the narrow gorge, with the rapidity of an
excited fawn, with the others close at his heels. The
winds were howling and groaning as they swept around
A Discovery. 43
the tops of the hills, and the tall oaks and poplars were
swaying to and fro like reeds, when the four reached
a cave in the side of the hill at the upper extremity of
the glen and darted in, like rabbits pursued by hounds.
They had barely become ensconced in the cave when a
huge rock, or boulder, became disengaged from its fas-
tenings near the top of the hill by the uprooting of a
tree, and came tumbling down, passing over the mouth
of the cave in which the hunters had taken refuse.
'•By George," said Sara, "it begins to look a little
like the day • of judgment had come, when the wicked
are to cry out for the rocks and hills to fall on them
and for the mountains to cover them, but as I am not
yet ready to begin the cry, I am going to penetrate a
little further and see whether the elements of the infer-
nal regions have all been turned loose on top of the
" "What is that ?" said Albert Seaton as, in attempt-
ing to follow Sam, he stepped oh something, which
rolled from under his feet and threw him to the
ground. "I stepped on something which I am sure
was not a stone."
"Here it is," said John, who was imraediateW be-
hind Albert, " and it is a bottle. What a queer place
for a bottle. And there is something in it, too," he said,
as he picked it up and held it in a little streak of light
that penetrated through a crevice between two large
rocks near the mouth of the cave. " I believe it is a
paper though," he jocularly remarked, "instead of
" Look here, boys," said Sam, turning round to face
the others while his countenance, even in the dim lis:ht.
44 Kv^Klux Klan No. J^-O.
showed signs of intense excitement, "things are get-
ting serious in here as well as on the outside. Do you
see those bones there ? Somebody has died in here,
and this is his tomb we are in."
Each gazed at the others with an expression of utter
bewilderment Before them lay the bones of the un-
known dead, while outside the cave a most terrific
storm raged and howled.
At last it was suggested that they examine the paper
in the bottle, and coming back as near the mouth of
the cave as prudence and safety would permit, Albert
Seaton took the bottle and broke it over a stone, and
began to read from the paper. With the first sentence
he faltered and failed, and dropping the paper on the
ground, he buried his face in his hands in a paroxysm
of excitement and grief. The very first few words had
revealed to him the terrible truth that the bones that
lay before him were his father's skeleton ?
There were two papers in the bottle, and the one
from which Albert had commenced to read was as fol-
" My Dear Wife : I have been shot by the Yankees,
and am bleeding to death in this cave, in which I have
taken refuge from their brutal attacks.
" I have with me a note signed by the board of county
commissioners of West County, and I deposit it with
this letter in a bottle which I happen to have in my
pocket, having carried a sick laborer a drink of brandy
in it to-day. The note is for six thousand dollars, and
was given for salt furnished the poor people of the
A Discovery. 45
county by me during the war at the request of the
county authorities. I want you to collect it as soon as
our county becomes able to pay it, and use the money
in defraying the expenses of completing the education
of our two dear children. Alas, I shall never see the
dear children nor you again, and it may be that you
will never even hear how I died, but I trust to a kind
Providence to direct the step of some kind person to
this cave. I am dying, I know, and my strength is
gone, and I lay down my pencil with a prayer for all.
God bless you all.
" Your loving husband,
"Albert Seaton, Sr."
The storm subsided at last, and Albert returned to
break the news to his mother and sister. His three
companions hastened back to town with the report of
the wonderful discovery, and afterwards assisted other
kind hands in preparing for the fleshless remains of
the lamented dead a more befitting tomb.
46 Ku-Klux Klan No. Jfi.
HOW A KU-KLUX MANDATE WAS EXECUTED.
Mrs. Seaton possessed a nervous, excitable tempera-
ment, and had been in feeble health for a year or more,
and the shock to her nervous system, occasioned by
the startling discovery of the skeleton remains of her
late husband, threw her in bed, completely prostrated
and helpless. Albert immediately despatched a mes-
senger for their family physician. Dr. Taylor Wyland,
who was a brother of Major James Wyland, and the
doctor assured them that there was no positive danger,
but still Albert remained with his mother almost nio-bt
and day, and was so assiduous in his attentions to her
that it was several days before he saw any of the mem-
bers of the Klan or learned anything about the pro-
ceedings of the last meeting. At last Mrs. Seaton be-
come so far convalescent as to permit him to leave her
for a few hours, and after a brief consultation with his
mother and sister in regard to the propriety of institu-
ting proceedings for the collection of the notes found
in the bottle in the cave, it was resolved that Albert
should place them in the hands of Major Wyland, the
leading lawyer of the county, with instructions to en-
force their payment. Accordingly Albert set out for
Westville with the notes, but was met on the road by
" Good morning, Albert," said Sam, in a tone that
indicated that he remembered the incident of a few
How a Kiir-Khix Mandate was Executed. 47
days before in the cave, and that he fully sympathized
with Albert in his afflictions. " I was just coming out
to see you. Knowing that you had been confined to
the house for several days, and having heard that your
good mother was much better this morning, it occur-
red to me that it might do you good to take a jaunt
with me across the country on horseback, and see how
the orders of the Klan were enforced."
"A good ride would greatly benefit me, I have no
doubt, Sam," answered Albert, " and I have no doubt,
I would enjoy witnessing the execution of a Ku-Klux
mandate, provided I could be thoroughly convinced
that the sentence was just and there was no blood in
it ; but I am sorry to say that a business errand pre-
vents a compliance with your request to-day."
"As for the justness or severity of the sentence," said
Sam, "you need not be alarmed, for I am sure the rigor
of the punishment is by no means in proportion to the
heinousness of the offense. The charge of miscegena-
tion against Peter Tinklepaugh has been sustained by
the proof, and the simple judgment of the Klan is that
he be whipped with thirty-nine lashes and be ducked in
the river, and I am sure you would enjoy the ducking
even if you should think the whipping a little tough."
" I quite agree with you," said Albert, " that inter-
marriage between the races is a sin against society that
demands rigorous and speedy correction. I consider
it an innovation and a serious onslaught upon our man-
ners and society, and the introduction and practice of
such an evil by Northern carpet-baggers simply shows,
the malignity of the Republican party as well as the
48 Ku-Klux Klan No. Jt-O.
deplorable depravity of those who are so heathenish as
to practice such a revolting social sin. It seems that
the Republican party is not satisfied with taking pos-
session of our government and overthrowing our insti-
tutions and destroying our credit, but they seek to ex-
tend their reconstruction measures even into our social
system, and destroy all social caste."
"Well, as for my part," answered Sam, "I am in
favor of exterminating all who teach the amalgama-
tion of the races, whether carpet-baggers or scalawags,
and as our den has seen fit to impose a lighter sentence
on the negro-loving pedagogue, I have determined to
see that the lash is firmly applied to the back of Tin-
klepaugh, and that he receives a sound ducking after-
"All right," answered Albert, "go and see that the
sentence is well carried out, and each time the lash is
applied you may proclaim that ' them's my sentiments.'
I am only sorry that I cannot go with you."
"But why can't you go?" asked Sam. "We will be
back before day in the morning, and unless your busi-
ness is of pressing importance you can attend to it
" My business is simply to place the notes against the
county, found with my father's remains, in the hands
of Major Wyland for collection," said Albert. " My
mother had abandoned the idea of trying to enforce
their payment long ago, thinking that father had given
them up to the county authorities, on his return from
the war, on account of the impoverished condition of
the people at that time ; but our county is now well
How a Ku-Klux Mandate was Executed. 49
able to pay them, and after reading father's instruc-
tions Ave have decided to collect the notes."
" I did not mean to be so impertinent as to inquire
into the nature of your business,'' answered Sam, " but
I am glad you have determined to collect the notes,
and wish you success in your efforts. But there is no
use in your going to town to-day. The notes will have
to be presented to the board of county commissioners
and demand made of them for their payment before
suit can be brought, and as the board does not meet
until next Monday, you can take them to Maj. Wyland
to-morrow or any day this week just as well as to-day,
so come on and lets pay our respects to the noble Peter
"All right," said Albert, " I had not thought about
the requirement that the notes should be first presented
to the county commissioners, and as my business can
be as well attended to to-morrow, I will consent to go
with you, but I must first return home, and let mother
know I will not be back until after night."
It took Albert only a few moments to return home,
and acquaint his mother with his intention to leave off
his visit to Major Wyland for that day, and soon the
two young men were galloping on their way to Ken-
neth Grove, where they were to meet the members of
the Klan of the Wizard Ghouls, who had been ap-
pointed by that Klan to execute the sentence against
Peter Tinklepaugh, imposed by Klan J!^o. 40.
It was a rule among the Ku-Klux that all sentences
imposed by any Klan should be executed by the ghouls
of some other Klan, remote from the vicinity in which
50 Kvr-Klux Klan No. Jfi.
the trouble complained of originated, and hence the
sentence against Peter Tinklepaugh, declared by Klan
jSTo. 40, was sent to the Klan of the Wizard Ghouls to
be executed. The reason the decrees of one Klan were
always carried out by another was to prevent suspicion
and detection, as the victim was not so likely to iden-
tify strangers as neighbors.
When night closed in Albert and Sam were only a
few miles from the appointed rendezvous, and after
assuming their disguises, they pushed on at a rapid pace,
and soon found themselves confronted with the most
frightful looking apparition they had ever encountered.
It was the outside sentinel of the Klan of the Wizard
Ghouls, and notwithstanding the fact that they were
both thoroughly familiar with Ku-Klux disguises, they
had never before beheld anything so hideous and fright-
ful. The sentinel wore a long white gown, which was
profusely decorated with the most fantastic pictures
of hobgoblins and spectres, painted in red and black,
while his head dress, which descended to his shoulders
and had holes for the eyes, nose and mouth, reached at
least three feet above his head, and was covered with
red and black stripes, except that on the front a skull
and cross-bones were painted. The horse, he rode, was
also covered with a sheet similarly ornamented, and
had his feet muffled in such a manner that his tread
was almost noiseless,
Sam and Albert both gave the sign of recognition at
ten paces, and then advanced and exchanged the annual
pass-word and the grip with the sentinel. They then
advanced to where the main body of the Klan were
How a Ku-Klux Mandate was Executed. 51
stationed, ready to receive their orders to move on.
After a few moments spent in muffling the feet of the
horses rode by Sam and Albert, the sentinels were
called in by a low and peculiar whistle from the Cyclop,
and the whole body were ordered to proceed to the
execution of the decree of Klan No. 40. There were
about twenty persons in the crowd, and th6y were all
thoroughly disguised, because Peter Tinklepaugh was
a shrewd and intelligent scoundrel, and it was consid-
ered necessary to adopt every possible precaution to
prevent detection. There was no blast of the trumpet
or deafening drum-beat to herald their approach, but so
silently and noiselessly did they go that their presence
was first announced to poor Tinklepaugh by the ap-
pearance of two ghouls in their frightful disguises
standing in the open door of his house.
At sight of the grim spectres the sable wife of the
social reconstructionist fainted with fear, but the ad-
venturous little pedagogue was not so easily discon-
certed. He had ventured to assume the position of
teacher in a colored school, fully realizing the odium
that attached to such an occupation, and fully cogni-
zant of the fact that the country was in a turbulent
state, and that race prejudice was the most combusti-
ble fuel that fed the flames of passion at that particu-
lar period of our history, and having received several
Ku-Klux warnings, for the Ku-Klux, like a rattlesnake,
never struck a foe without first warning him of tbe im-
pending danger, and he was not altogether unprepared
for the perilous crisis that he imagined had arrived.
Rising with cool composure from a table at which he
52 Kv^Klux Klan No. Ifi.
had been writing, he deliberately, and with perfect
self-possession, placed in a drawer in the side of the
table a few sheets of paper on which he had written a
horrifying account of some imaginary Ku-Klux out-
rages for a Northern newspaper, and on which his
dusky consort had just been gazing with all the aston-
ishment and imbecility of comprehension manifested
by the Indians while observing the wonderful " talking
paper" of Captain John Smith, Then taking a large
revolver from the same drawer in which he had placed
the paper, he demanded to know what the intrusion
" O, there is no use in your kicking," answered one
of the ghouls as he glanced at the pistol in the hands
of the imperturbable little teacher, " you've been noti-
fied that we wouldn't tolerate your conduct any longer,
and have been advised to leave the community, and
now we have determined that you shall leave it."
"I do not care a fig for the orders and decrees of a
lawless Ku-Klux-Klan," boldly answered the little man,
" and I have determined to pursue whatever avocation
I may fancy, and to choose as a companion the one
whom I find most congenial."
At this moment the door opposite the one first en-
tered fairly flew off its beings and the room was imme-
diately filled with men in disguise. Poor Tinklepaugh
fully believed that his hour had come, but he was deter-
mined to die game, and taking deliberate aim at the
person nearest him, he fired ; but as Henry Clay said, in
describing a duel fought by him with John Kandolph,
who appeared on the field of honor clad in a long.
How a Ku~Klux Mandate was Executed. 53
loose gown, the ball pierced the middle of the object
in front, but the thin, swarthy form of the man within
was not there.
Before Tinklepaugh could put his finger to the trig-
ger again, the pistol was knocked out of his hand, and
he was bound and gagged before he could utter another
word. A rope was tied around his neck in true hang-
man's style, and he was immediately placed on a horse,
and the crowd started for the river, it having been
hastily decided that they would proceed to duck him
first in order to cool off his anger and calm his vicious
spirit, and then flog him to warm him up again and
produce a reaction.
It was not far to the river, but still the time con-
sumed on the way gave poor Tinklepaugh, who now
fully believed he was to be hung, instead of being al-
lowed to be shot while defending his own home, as he
at first anticipated, ample opportunity for reflection,
and in this short time he saw, as if in a mirror, his
whole past life pass before him in review^ He looked
back across the years gone by, and saw himself, a lit-
tle child again holding to his mother's knees while his
father, an esteemed minister of the gospel, read some
favorite and comforting passage of scripture, and then
expounded it in his simple, forcible way. A little fur-
ther on in the picture he saw himself, a young man
standing before the hymeneal altar in a Northern vil-
lage church, with his lovely bride leaning on his arm,
and he heard again the old church organ as it pealed
forth the glad wedding march, while he received the
congratulations of friends. Then he saw the battle-
54 Ku-Klux Klmi No. Ifi.
fields of the late war, where the courage and valor he
displayed won for him the encomiums of Federal com-
manders high in authority, and where death, if it had
only come to him then, would have found him ready to
die a soldier's death and offer himself as a sacrifice on
the altar of his country. Again he saw his faithful, but
discarded, wife in their little cottage home in the North-
ern village within sight of the church in which they
were married, and he heard the innocent prattle of his
own little blue-eyed boy, as he clung to his mother's
knees, just as he himself had done in the first picture.
And, lastly, he remembered how all his hopes of politi-
cal preferment had been blasted and blighted in their
incipiency, and how all his money had been squandered
and wasted in unholy speculation, and then he thought
of his disgraceful, bigamous marriage with the misera-
ble negro wench he had just left, and so thinking they
reached the river.
At the river brink they all halted, and the gags were
taken off Tinklepaugh to prevent drowning him. Hith-
erto his fear had been that they were going to hang
him, but now he became convinced that he was to be
drowned. Certainly it was intended to tie a stone to
the rope and throw him in the river.
At sight of the rolling waters of the river all his
courage deserted him, and the thought of being thrown
into the river, with a stone fastened to his neck, trans-
formed him into a cringing, fawning coward. But in
all his perplexities his wit and cunning never deserted
him, and in order to escape he now resorted to a strat-
How a Ku-Klux Mandate was Executed. 55
"Gentlemen," said Tinklepaugh, "don't drown me,
please don't. Shoot me if you have determined to kill
me, and let my body be buried in the earth instead of
in the water, but don't hang me like a felon, or drown
me like a cat."
" Hang you like a felon, you miserable negro-loving,
South-hater you," answered one of the Klan, "you de-
serve to be burned like a witch, and to have your ashes
thrown in the river as a propitiation to the evil spirit.
Or perhaps you would prefer to have your ashes gath-
ered into a tin box and given to the black strumpet
you call your wife."
"And is it solely on account of my marriage that you
seek to kill me?" asked Tinklepaugh, looking wildly
about him as if the truth as to the real cause of his
troubles had just flashed into his mind. "I thought it
was my political affiliations that gave offense."
"You know better than that," answered the same
person who had spoken before; "you know very well
that it is on account of your marriage that you are to
be punished, and you have been thrice warned of that
fact and ordered to leave her."
" I do not deny that I have received warning to de-
sert my wife," answered Tinklepaugh, " but possibly I
did not fully understand the true purport of the order
and misinterpreted it. I have all the time understood
that my politics was the only thing which caused me
to be personally disliked, and have thought that the
order to abandon my wife was given simply because
you did not want to assign the true reason for seeking
to banish me from the community, for I cannot see
how any objection could be made to my marriage."
56 K'ti-Klux Klan No. 1^0.
" You lie about that," answered the ghoul who had
first spoken, giving the rope, which was still fastened
to Tinklepaugh's neck, a jerk which nearly threw him
off his feet. " You know very well that a white man
is not allowed to marrv a negro."
"Ah, gentlemen, I see now your mistake," answered
Tinklepaugh, with a cunning wink, which could not be
discerned in the darkness ; " you take me to be a pure
blooded white man, but such is not the case. My father
was a free negro before the war, and hence there is a
mixture of African blood in my veins which makes it
not unlawful, but proper, for me to marry a colored
" Can you prove that ? " asked the ghoul.
" I will swear it, and can furnish ample proof if given
" Then swear it, and you shall be discharged for the
present, and may furnish further proof some other
A lantern hung to the pummel of one of the saddles
was produced, and the following oath was taken and
subscribed, after which Tinklepaugh was discharged
and the crowd dispersed :
" I, Peter Tinklepaugh, do solemnly swear that my
father was of mixed blood, having been born a free
negro before the emancipation of the late slaves, and
that I have all my life associated with the colored peo- ^
pie, and will continue to do so in the future.
" Peter Tinklepaugh."
Sworn to and subscribed before the Cyclop of the
A Viper inters. 57
A VIPER ENTERS.
The excitement, occasioned by the startling discovery
of the skeleton remains of Colonel Albert Seaton, had
not abated when Donald Weston answered, as request-
ed, the invitation of Judge Farwell by making his per-
sonal appearance at the Midland Hotel. By recording
the first appearance of our quondam friend, Mr. Weston,
as having been made at the Midland Hotel, I do not mean
to insinuate that Judge Farwell was entirely destitute
of the emotions of true friendship, and that he allowed
his old school-mate and friend to arrive in the town
without showing him the customary courtesy of meet-
ing him at the depot. On the contrary, it is but justice
tow^ard the judge to chronicle the fact that he met his
friend on his arrival at the depot in an open carriage,
and received him with every manifestation of the most
cordial friendship ; but aside from the fact that a few
loungers around the hotel looked up from a game of
checkers, that at the time absorbed their attention, and
made a few commonplace remarks and trite criticisms
upon his personal appearance, as he alighted from the
carriage on reaching the hotel, no other notice was
taken by the citizens of the town of the arrival in their
' midst of the future prosecuting attorney for the State
in that judicial district, and no public demonstration
in honor of the embryotic attorney and carpet-bagger
statesman was held.
58 Kv^Klux Klan No. J^O.
Of the ancestry of Donald Weston I know nothing,
and as this, like all other stories of the kind, purports
to be a true history of all the characters represented,
I will not draw on my imagination to supply that for
which my destitution of personal knowledge is respon-
sible. I prefer to acknowledge my ignorance rather
than to falsify history. It may be that his genealogy
might be traced back to some of the Puritan fathers,
who came over in the Mayflower, and who afterwards
put into execution that same religious intolerance,
which they had sought to escape by their immigration
to this land of liberty and religious freedom ; or it may
be that he might have claimed kinship with some of
the ancient Scottish Chiefs or Lords, whose chief claim
to nobility was based on the fact that they had clans-
men enough to steal cattle from their neighbors and
then whip them into subjection, when they sought to
recapture their stolen property. His parents may have
been ever so upright and honorable, and may have en-
joyed the distinction of belonging to the highest circles
in State, church and society ; but still I am constrained
to say of them that they perpetrated a great fraud,
when they sent their son Donald out in the world and
palmed him off on the people as a man.
In personal appearance he was not at all prepossess-
ing, and any unfavorable opinion of him formed on
first acquaintance was not likely to be modified or
chano:ed on becomiao' more intimate with him. Still
he was not a monster in shape or size. In stature he
was rather diminutive, being only about five feet eight
inches in height, and weighing only about one hundred
and forty pounds ; but he had a very large head, keen
A Viper Enters. 59
piercing black eyes and dark complexion and hair, and
judging from his high and expansive forehead and gen-
eral intellectual appearance a phrenologist would have
been justifiable in rating him far above the point of
He was sitting with Judge Farwell on the hotel ve-
randa on the second evening after his arrival, when the
judge turned to him with the remark :
" Look here, old fellow, how would you like to go out
riding this evening and meet my aflBanced ?"
" Your affianced ! " replied Weston in astonishment ;
" you don't mean to say that you have become so much
enamored of these Southern girls that you are actually
engaged to marry one of them ? "
" Oh, yes, I am," answered the judge proudly, " and
you will not be so much astonished at my presumption,
either, if ever your black orbs encounter her loveliness."
" Oh, well, of course, I will go," said Weston, '' espe-
cially since she seems to be such a paragon of excel-
lence, but would it not be a little more consistent with
the rules of etiquette in polite society for you to first
take me to her house and introduce me there ? "
" Of course, it would," answered the judge, "but un-
fortunately for me, I have to meet her clandestinely at
present, having been denied entrance to her father's
•'Ha, ha!" said Weston, with a sardonic smile, "and
how does it comport with the dignity of a judge to be
holding clandestine meetings with a young girl, when
her father forbids him her society at his house ? "
" Don't talk to me about dignity in love affairs," said
60 Kv^Klux Klan No. J^O.
the judge. " Love scorns dignity, as well as locks and
keys, when either interferes to thwart its purposes."
" Yery well,'' said Weston ; " if you love the girl, I
will grant you the privilege, so far as I am concerned,
of communicating with her in any way possible, for
love not only scorns dignity and locks and keys, as you
suggest, but it also sets at defiance the rules of etiquette
and propriety ; but still, if I am to be made partictps
oriminis in violating such rules, I think I have a right
to know why it is that you have been denied her society
at her father's house, and your reason for asking me
to meet her clandestinely."
" I will not deny your right to demand my reason
for such an extraordinary proposition," answered the
judge, " both on account of my unseemly infraction of
the rules of propriety and on account of our former in-
timate relations, but in order to explain it will be neces-
sary for us to take.a cursor}^ view of the recent history
and present condition of this country. But, first, I will
briefl}'^ state that my present embarrassment was pre-
cipitated by a few of my court decisions, which simply
recognized the Constitutional rights and citizenship of
the colored race, and were, therefore, unpalatable to
the race-hating Ku Klux, among whom is to be num-
bered my esteemed prospective father-in-law."
" Her father, a Ku-Klux ! " interrupted Weston, show-
ing evident signs of indignation ; " then I should respect
the orders of a Ku-Klux for once by keeping away
from his house and shunning the society of his daugh-
ter, not through fear of the lawless monster, but to
avoid contamination by association with a Ku-Klux or
any of his progeny."
A Vijyer Miters. 61
"You do us all three injustice," said the judge, mani-
festing some anger at the hot words of his friend, but
restraining a more violent exhibition of wrath, remem-
bering the natural prejudice and consequent ignorance
of his friend regarding everything that pertained to
the South. " Major Wyland is a member of the Klan,
it is true, and a violent opponent of the reconstruction
measures adopted by the Republican part}^ but he is
not the lawless monster your imagination would depict
him to be, nor has his daughter inherited infection or
become contaminated. With him, as with all other
Southerners, politics is the Aaron's rod that swallows
up everything else, and as all crimes are considered
political in their nature, it follows as a necessary con-
comitant that all virtues are likewise political, and
hence when a political crime is committed for which
there is no punishment prescribed in the penal code, as
for instance the exercise of the right of suffrage b}'^ the
colored citizen, it is esteemed a virtue to belong to a
secret society, which has for its object the disfranchise-
ment of the recently enfranchised negro, and which is \
simply a secret Star Chamber court where alleged polit- \
ical offenders are tried and convicted in their absence \
and on ex parte testimony.
" But strange as my words may sound to you, the Re-
publican party is responsible for a great deal of the
lawlessness that exists in the South, and many good
men have joined the Ku-Klux, believing it the only ex-
pedient by which they can regain their former prestige
and restore the autonomy of the State. Take for in-
stance the case of Major Wyland. At every election
62 Kv^Klux Klan No. ItO.
he sees his former slaves, inexperienced and illiterate
as they are, march up to the polls and there exercise
their rights of citizenship by depositing their ballots,
while he, on account of the test oath imposed by Con-
gress, is deprived of this privilege. And there are
thirty thousand others in this State in the same condi-
tion. Let Congress pursue a more lenient and conserv-
ative course toward the late enemies of the Union ; let
the dominant party show a little more of the magna-
nimity displayed by Grant when he returned the sword
of Lee, and lawless leagues, the last vestige of the re-
bellion, will disband at once. Understand me, I am
not apologizing for the existence of the Klan nor for
Major Wyland's connection with it. In my opinion
the existence of any secret political organization in a
community is a serious menace to the lives and liber-
ties of the people, and that such an institution ought
not to be tolerated, and as for Major Wyland I seri-
ously apprehend that he was the chief instrument in
prevailing upon the Klan to proscribe me, and to send
me an insulting and threatening warning in regard to
my official conduct."
"And have they actually threatened you with the
fate of a carpet-bagger, too ? " asked Weston in aston-
ishment. " I am beginning to think that you have be-
guiled me into this community of cut-throats and mid-
night assassins simply for the purpose of having me
swing with you."
" Oh, no, it is not so bad as that," answered Judge
Farwell. " I have not been threatened with death, but
have simply been warned that I must not repeat some
of my recent rulings and decisions on the bench ; a
A Viper Enters. 63
warning I need not tell you, I shall certainly ignore,
and that, too, in a manner calculated to express my ex-
treme contempt for the authors of such an insult."
" Oh, well, if that is all, I will dismiss all visions of
the murderous hobgoblins, or ghouls, I believe you call
them, from my mind, and will try and prepare myself
to assist you in showing a supreme contempt for their
insolent demands as soon as I receive my commission
as prosecuting attorney."
" You will find sufficient exercise for all the talents
you possess if you wish to successfull}^ prosecute your
docket, without troubling yourself to precipitate a
quarrel with your antagonists, especially when Major
Wyland appears for the defendant."
"What is his plan of attack?"
"Technically speaking, it is the business of the pro-
secuting attorney to begin the attack, and generally to
continue in the attitude of the aggressor throughout
all stages of the proceeding ; but you will find that he
will assume the aggressive quite frequently, and woe
to the lawyer who opposes him unprepared when he
does. He is a learned and astute lawyer, possesses
wonderful and almost inexhaustible resources, and is
one of the most skillful and adroit controversialists I
have ever seen."
"Very well," said Weston, with a gesture of impa-
tience, beginning to feel a little discomfitted at the
thought of meeting such a dexterous opponent on his
first appearance in the forum, " your description of the
father inclines me to accept your invitation to meet the
daughter, so order our horses and let us be going."
Judge Far well called to Uncle Ben and ordered two
64: Kvr-Klux Klan No. Jf.0.
good saddle-horses from the livery stables to be sent to
the Midland hotel, an order which Uncle Ben obeyed
with his usual promptitude.
The shadows of the trees along the roadside were
beginning to lengthen considerably in the sunshine,
when the judge and his friend turned into the well-
shaded road leading down by the river bank, and the
horse ridden by a young lady in advance of them be-
came frightened at the clattering of the hoofs of the
horses behind. Minnie Wyland was a skillful and prac-
ticed rider, and checking her horse with the reins, she
patted his mane with one hand while she looked back
to see who was coming. Observing two persons she
was just about to conclude that she was destined to be
disappointed in not meeting with Judge Farwell, when
that gentleman rode forward and asked to be allowed
to introduce his friend. By this time they had reached
an old mill seat on the river, the mill itself having been
burned by the returning Yankee soldiery, in the spring
of 1865, and it was hastily agreed that they should
alight and spend an hour there, and that the introduc-
tion should be given after dismounting.
For the first time Minnie's innate modesty, the chief
virtue and ornament of Southern girls, conquered her
desire to be in the company of her accepted lover, and
as she alighted on a large stone which formed a part of
the abutments of an old bridge, which had been suffered
to fall into decay on account of the depressed financial
condition of the county, and the consequent inability
of the county authorities to keep it in proper repair,
she showed evident signs of embarrassment. She knew
that these meetings with Judge Farwell were contrary
A Viper Miters. 65
to the wishes of her father — in fact, without his know-
ledge — and, although the meetings were not through
any prearrangement, still she was obliged to acknow-
ledge the fact that, in their accustomed rides, they
expected to meet with each other, for it does not require
a written instrument, under hand and seal, to consti-
tute a lover's agreement for a tryst, and she secretl}'
resolved to discontinue the meetings in the future. Her
mother had died in her infancy, leaving her an only
child, upon whom her father had ever since lavished a
double portion of his affection, and, remembering her
father's deep aversion for Judge Farwell, she felt it to
be her duty to decline further attentions from him, until
time and a better understanding of each other's motives
should work a reconciliation between the two. She
recognized and deprecated the fact that her father's
antipathy for the judge was based solely on political
differences, and it was because she had esteemed the
objection frivolous that she had hitherto permitted the
judge to address her without her father's knowledge ;
but she felt now that she ought to respect her father's
wishes, however trivial she considered his objections
to her lover, and with a hope that can only be born in
desperation, and that, too, in the breast of a woman
whose heart is stirred with love for a man whom she
regards as true and honorable, and who is the object
of that hope, she looked forward to the time when
political animosities should cease, when the hateful
sound of the terms, "carpet-bagger" and "scalawag"
should vanish, and when all men should be respected
and honored for their intrinsic worth, regardless of
66 Ku-Klux Klan No. J^O.
party affiliations or place of birth; and so, vainly hop-
ing, she deternnined that this should be the last meeting
with the judge, until such time as they could meet with
her father's consent.
She was in this state of perturbation when Judge
Farwell, not knowing her embarrassment, for she had
not had opportunity to communicate her thoughts to
him, brought forward his friend, and said :
"Miss Minnie, allow me to introduce my friend, Mr.
Weston; Miss Wyland, Mr. Weston."
Weston bowed with the gracefulness of a dancing-
master, and Minnie returned the salutation with the
stately dignity characteristic of her father's family.
She was dressed in a gray riding habit, and although
her face was a little flushed with the thoughts that had
lately disturbed her mind, she maintained a dignified
composure, and looked a perfect picture of health and
beauty. To Donald Weston she appeared a perfect
paragon. The contour of her face was perfectly lovely,
while her figure was equally faultless, in size and pro-
" I think I have heard Judge Farwell speak of you,"
said Minnie, in a voice so musical that Weston stood
gazing at her in mute admiration, feeling as if her words
were but the sound of the first touch of a musician's
fingers on the strings of a lute, as a prelude to a song
" Yes, I have often spoken of him to you," said the
judge, seeing the hesitation of his friend. " He and I
were in college together, and became as intimate as our
different natures would allow, though he generally pre-
ferred his books to any other society."
A Viper Enters. 67
"And I have always found my books my most con-
stant friends," said Weston, recovering his self-posses-
sion, "and my experience and observation have taught
me that very few of them are tickle, or hurtful in their
" I presume, then, from the tenor of your remark,"
said Minnie, " that you have been made to experience
the fickleness of human friendship, and have sought
solace and companionship only where the lines are in-
dellibly stamped without the power of changing?"
" O, I do not mean to acknowledge myself a confirmed
misanthrope," answered Weston, a little disconcerted
by the construction placed upon his language by Min-
nie; in fact, I think a book, being the production of
some person's brain, is really a part of the writer, and
it would seem like a contradiction to say that I enjoy
the society of the creation of a human mind while
detesting its author."
" I am also fond of my books," answered Minnie,
"and I quite agree with you in your estimate of their
value ; but I love nature, too, and am fond of the woods,
the fields and flowers. Indeed, I like everything ex-
" Why, I thought that everybod}^ South was a politi-
cian, including the women," answered Weston.
"No, indeed, the women of the South are not politi-
cians," said Minnie ; " but many of us, on the contrary,
have good reason to deprecate the zeal with which the
other sex follow the behests of party."
" It seems to me that all good persons ought to de-
plore the rancor of party strife which now exists in
the South," said Weston ; " especially when party zeal
68 Kvr-Klux Klan No. k.0.
leads men to the extent of organizing themselves into
bands of midnight assassins."
" I have never heard of the existence of any bands
of assassins in the South," answered Minnie. " It is
true, we have the Ku-Klux, who sometimes administer
justice in a manner not prescribed in our penal codes,
but I have yet to hear of their infliction of punishment
where it was not richly deserved."
" Then you approve of the existence of the Ku-Klux ?"
'• No, not exactly," said Minnie. " I think all such
secret organizations are dangerous, and their ver}'' ex-
istence is to be deplored, but when our ignorant colored
people are organized into leagues, which threaten the
overthrow of our government, it seems to me that the
only way to combat the evils threatened is by counter
"I presume then, when you say that you do not
know of any case in which the Ku-Klux have made a
mistake, that in your estimation the threat of personal
violence against Judge Farwell was justifiable," said
" Indeed," answered Minnie, evincing for the first
time considerable agitation of mind, " I had not heard
of any threat of violence against Judge Farwell."
"Yes," said Weston, "I understand from him that
the Ku-Klux have warned him that he must not permit
colored men to serve as jurors again on pain of being
" It is true that I have received a note from the hands
of the Ku-Klux," said Judge Farwell, "but I attach
but little importance to the fact, and am sure I shall
not allow it to influence me in the least in my oflicial
A Viper Miters. 69
" I am very sorry that the members of any Klan
should have been so indiscreet, not to say unjust," said
Minnie, " and I must speak to father about this matter,
for I am sure that his political prejudices would not
allow him to go to the extent of approving such con-
duct; but I see it is growing late, and think it time for
me to return home."
Judge Farwell assisted Minnie to remount, and soon
the two were retracing their steps home. Weston re-
turned by an opposite direction, declaring that he was
not satisfied with the extent of his ride among such
picturesque scenery. He was now in the midst of the
most magnificent natural scenery in the State, the swift
and lucid mountain stream being on one side and the
craggy and gigantic peaks of the mountains on the
other, but all the beauty of the natural surroundings
was eclipsed by visions of the transcendent beauty of
the face and form of Minnie Wyland. It might as well
he said of him now that he was not at all sentimental ;
on the contrary he was cool, calculating and practical
in everything, at least such had hitherto been his dis-
position ; but now as he rode along in solitude the
image of Minnie Wyland stood constantly before him,
and he found himself inquiring whether he really was
fool enough to fall in love with a girl at first sight, and
repeating the words of an old song :
" Tell me not that there is need
Of time for love to grow;
The hand that strikes to kill indeed
Despatches at a blow."
TO Kvr-Klux Klan No. k-O.
He reached the hotel in advance of Judge Farwell,
having gone down the river until he struck a road
which led into the town by an opposite direction to
that taken by the judge and Minnie. As he sat b}'- a
window of his room, looking out upon the quiet town
as the last glimmering rays of sunshine faded from
the house-tops, every scene of the evening recurred to
him as if in a dream. Again he stood by the old mill
dam and gazed out upon the Avaters as they poured
over the rocks and half rotten timbers that once ar-
rested the waters in their peaceful flow and compelled
them to do service in turning the wheels of the mill,
and the sounds of the thousand ripples but reminded
him of the musical voice that had so enchanted him
during the evening. Again he rode among towering-
peaks or passed under the branches of the huge oaks
that grow on the banks of the river, and even the grand-
eur of the mountains suggested the surpassing beauty
by which he had become so enraptured. His heart
novp" responded to the words of the poet :
" There is nothing gladsome round me,
Nothing beautiful to see,
Since thy beauty's spell has bound me
But is eloquent of thee."
It is true, he felt a little worried over some of the
sentiments expressed by Minnie during the conversa-
tion with her, especially her quasi approval of the ex-
istence of the Ku-Klux organization ; but he very char-
itably attributed this to the influence and teachings of
her father, and so absolved her from all blame. He
had observed, too, her change of countenance when in-
formed of the indignity offered Judge Farwell by the
A Vipe?' inters. 71
Klan, and he inferred from her evident disapproval of
their action in that instance that she was not accus-
tomed to consider their plans as embracing any but the
lower order of society as then constituted in the Union
Leagues ; though, had not her language indicated that
such was her idea of the Klan, he might have ascribed
her displeasure to the fact that she was in love with
the object of their attack in that particular instance.
Having finally decided that he was in fact fool
enough, as he expressed it, to fall in love with a girl
at first sight, he was now more perplexed than ever.
Should he inform Judge Farwell of his passion, and
notify him in a manly way that in future he might
consider him a friendly rival? That would be the
more manly and dignified way, no doubt; but how
would Judge Farwell accept and act upon such infor-
mation? This was the main question that bothered
Weston, for he was purely mercenary in all his actions,
and consulted his own interests to the exclusion of the
welfare of all others. Would a disclosure of his secret
result in their complete estrangement? If so, then it
must not be revealed, because all his hopes of political
advancement depended upon the influence and good
will of the judge, and the honor of jumping at one
bound into such a lucrative and honorable office as the
solicitorship of a whole judicial district was not to be
despised or needlessly lost. It did not take him long to
decide the matter, for selfishness was the predominant
part of his nature, and he was anxious to become one
of the leaders of the party in that section. So he de-
cided to sacrifice his manhood and self-respect to serve
his personal interests.
72 Ku-Klux Klan No. 1^0.
Parcelling out offices among those politically quali-
fied to receive them (which meant that the applicant
must belong to the Kepublican party) was an important
part of the policy of reconstruction, as practiced in the
South, and it made but little difference whether the
recipient w^as a carpet-bagger or a scalawag. All that
was necessary was to find a vacancy, and it was imme-
diately filled by the most available candidate, and if no
vacancy could be discovered by the greedy eye of the
demagogue, and the applicant was likely to prove a
valuable acquisition to the party, an office was gen-
erally created for his special benefit. However, in the
case of our good friend, Donald Weston, Esq., the
newly-fledged " twenty dollar attorney," no such usur-
pation of power was necessary, for as soon as his fealty
to the party had been properly vouched for by Judge
Farwell, Col. Worthen Smith, solicitor for the judicial
district, resigned in his favor, and he was immediately
appointed to the vacant place by the governor.
Immediately upon receiving his commission Weston
set about preparing indictments against the Ku-Klux
with the vigor usually displayed by a novice in any pro-
fession. His predecessor, he reasoned, was old and
decrepit, and his mental as well as physical faculties
had been so much impaired by age and infirmity, that
he was incapable of grappling with the situation, and
thus he was afforded an opportunity of proving to the
world that the governor had made no mistake in giving
Partisan Justice. 73
him the coveted appointment. He would be known as
a vigorous and fearless prosecutor, and one whom the
Ku-Klux could not intimidate.
He soon discovered, however, that he was not to sail
always upon a smooth sea, where everything was serene
and lovely, and no opposing obstacle was to be encoun-
tered. He found that he was destined to be buffeted
and retarded in his voyage to the haven of fame by
many waves of perplexity and doubt he had not antici-
pated ; and his embarrassment was none the less painful
because the diflBculties that beset him were of simple
solution. For instance, he spent the whole of the first
day of his official life in trying to ascertain the proper
title to an indictment against an offending colored
brother, who had been so ungrateful, not to say indis-
creet, as to declare his intention of voting the Demo-
cratic ticket at the approaching election, and who had,
therefore, been presented by the grand jury for some
of his misdeeds, committed before his defection from
the Republican party. He found in the Supreme Court
Reports such precedents as the following : " State v.
Jim, a person of color," " State v. Sam, a free negro,"
" State V. Tom, a former slave," and he was in a great
quandary to know whether to use some such discriptio
personcB, or to discard all terms suggestive of the " pre-
vious condition of servitude" of the defendant, and
indict him simply by his name. To a lawyer of expe-
rience, such matters would have given no trouble ; but
it must be remembered that Weston had entered the
profession without the requisite preparation, and he
found many little things to puzzle him which might, and
ought to, have been avoided by proper training.
74 Ku-Klux Klan No. 1^0.
But the reader need not become alarmed, for fear of
being invited into the criminal court, and there com-
pelled to listen to the trial of an indictment against
some bloody-handed Ku-Klux, charged with a political
murder. To require one to sit all day in such a court
room, crowded almost to suffocation, as our criminal
courts generally are, and to be jostled and elbowed by
impudent negroes, and to be compelled to inhale the
offensive odors that arise from their bodies, is a punish-
ment that ought not to be inflicted, if it can be possibly
avoided, and I have no disposition to do so in the pres-
ent instance. No doubt it would be interesting to know
how the newly appointed Solicitor succeeded in his first
court, and I would be pleased to give the details of
some of his first trials, and tell how Maj.Wyland secured
an acquittal for a defendant, whom Weston had indicted
as the principal felon, when the evidence showed that
he was only an accessory before the fact, and was not
present at the commission of the offense; or how another,
indicted for perjury, was acquitted because the solici-
tor rested his case upon the evidence of a single uncor-
roborated witness, while the law requires the testimony
of two witnesses in order to sustain a conviction for
that offense — and many other scenes and incidents that
occurred during the first few days of his official life,
it would be interesting to know ; provided the reader
could be placed in a comfortable position to see and
hear, during the progress of the trial. But, for fear of
offending some sensitive nature, I will proceed to the
investigation of a civil case, in which the litigants,
especially on one side, are more respectable.
Partisan Justice. 75
The board of commissioners of West county was com-
posed of two negroes and one " imported statesman "
from New Jersey, and they promptly refused payment
of the notes given to Colonel Albert Seaton by the
county, which were found in the cave in Glen Echo, and
Major Wyland as promptly instituted suit, asking for
judgment against the county and for a manda'nius
against the board of commissioners to compel them to
levy the necessary taxes to liquidate the debt. The
case came on for trial at the May term, 1870, of the
Superior Court for West county, and a large concourse
of people assembled in the court-house to hear the trial,
nearly all of them being sympathizers with the cause of
The court-house in Westville was a model stone struc-
ture, situated in the centre of a large square and sur-
rounded by magnificent oaks. The ground was cov-
ered with a beautiful coat of grass, and under each tree
was one or more seats, or benches, for the accommoda-
tion of suitors and witnesses, who generally remained
outside until the case in which thev were interested
was reached, when they would be called at the window
by the court crier. The crier at this time was Dick
Madison, a negro preacher, who officiated in the court-
house during the week, and dispensed " de word ob de
Lawd" to an admiring and gullible congregation on
Sunday, and whose stentorian tones could be heard for
Promptly at ten o'clock on the morning of the 20th
of May, 1870, Judge Farwell took his seaton the bench
of the Superior Court for West county, and directed
76 Kv^Klux Klan Wo. Ifi.
the crier to open court in the usual form, which that
sable son of Ham proceeded to do as follows: "Oh,
yes! oh, yes ! dis honible co't is now open an' reddy fur
bizness ; Gawd save de State an' dis honible co't ! "
Those who had failed to notice the ringing of the
court-house bell were aroused by the stentorian voice
of the crier, and came rushing into the court-room at
such a rate that the house was soon densely packed.
The first case appearing on the docket for trial was
entitled : "Albert Seaton, Jr., administrator of Albert
Seaton, Sr , -y. The Commissioners of West County —
Action for debt." Major Wyland appeared for the
plaintiff, and Donald Weston, Esq., who, by reason of
the prominence given him by his official position and
by reason of the supposition that he " had the ear of
the judge," had become the chief oracle of the party in
that section, was employed by the defendant commis-
sioners to represent the interests of the county.
The complaint was read by Major Wyland, which
alleged in substance that the county was indebted to
the plaintiff's intestate in the sum of six thousand dol-
lars, which money had been loaned the county to pro-
cure salt for the starving families of Confederate sol-
diers, and other destitute persons during the late war ;
that the money was duly applied as designed ; that the
debt thus created was secured by the notes sued on,
which had been duly signed and delivered by the chair-
man of the board of county commissioners as required
by law, and that no part of the said notes had ever
Weston responded by reading an elaborate demurrer
Partisan Justice. 77
(all pleadings filed by amateur lawyers are elaborate),
the substance of which was that the defendants demur-
1. The court had no jurisdiction of the subject-mat-
ter of the action.
2. The complaint did not state facts sufficient to con-
stitute a cause of action, since it appeared from the
complaint that the contract sued on was based on an
illegal consideration, the money for which the notes
were given having been used to aid the rebellion.
Having, under the rules, the right to open and con-
clude the argument on the demurrer, Weston addressed
the court as follows :
'"''May it please your Honor : The question presented
for the determination of the court by the complaint
and demurrer filed in this case, it seems to me, may be
summarized in one leading proposition: Was the debt
sued on contracted, directly or indirectly, in aid or
support of the rebellion ? If so, then the contract is
void, as coming within the inhibition of the ordinance
of the Convention and the State Constitution. I would
call your Honor's attention, first, to the fact that the
people of this State, in Convention assembled, solemnly
ordained that all debts incurred by the State in aid of
the late rebellion, directly or indirectly, are void, and
no General Assembly of this State shall have power to
assume or provide for the payment of the same or any
portion thereof, nor to assume or provide for the pay-
ment of any portion of the debts incurred, directly or
indirectly, by the late so-called Confederate States. I
will read to you further from the Constitution :
78 Ku-Klux Elan No. J^O.
"'No county, city, town, or other municipal corpo-
ration, shall assume or pay, nor shall any tax be levied
or collected for, the payment of any debt, or the inter-
est upon any debt, contracted directly or indirectly in
aid or support of the rebellion.'
" Here, may it please vour Honor, the people of this
State, as in all other Southern States, have solemnly
declared, through their highest law-making power, that
no debt contracted in aid or support of the rebellion
shall be recognized as valid, and this declaration of the
will of the people is obligatory upon the courts. So,
now, recurring to the proposition I at lirst announced :
Was furnishing salt to the people during the war a meas-
ure calculated and intended to aid the rebellion? As
counsel for the defendants, it becomes my duty, in argu
ing the demurrer, to maintain the affirmative of this
issue; and, in doing so, I wish to inquire, first, what
relation the county of West sustained towards therig-ht-
ful government of the State at the time this contract
was made ? It is a fact, of which this court is bound to
take judicial notice, that at the date of this contract,
the persons exercising the power of the State, and the
persons exercising the power of West county, had dis-
avowed their allegiance to the government of the United
States and to the rightful State government, and had
assumed an attitude of open hostility to the rightful
State government and to the United States government.
There was rebellion in the State, and the spirit of rebel-
lion reigned supreme. It follows, therefore, that this
court, which simply exercises the functions and powers
of the rightful State government after regaining its
Partisan Justice. 79
supremacy, cannot treat the acts and contracts of per-
sons so unlawfully exercising the powers of the State
and county authority as valid, unless the court is satis-
fied that the acts were innocent, and such as the lawful
government would have done. In this case the plaintiff
is asking the court to compel the present county com-
missioners, who are in the rightful exercise of the power
of the county, to perform a contract made by a set of men
who were wrongfully pretending to act as commissioners
and exercise the power of the county in 1862. Any act
which would not have been done except for the existence
of the rebellion, and which was calculated to counteract
the measures adopted by the government of the United
States for its suppression, and to enable the people in in-
surrection to protract the unholy struggle, was in aid of
the rebellion. Furnishing salt for the use of the women
and children at home, was clearly calculated to counter-
act the blockade and other measures resorted to by the
United States to suppress the rebellion ; because the
rebels in arms were thereby relieved of the duty of
laying down their arms, and returning to the support of
those for whose subsistence they were responsible, and
were enabled thereby to protract the struggle ; and the
plea that the women and children were in a state of
actual starvation, and that the motive in contracting
the debt was to do an act of charity and humanity, and
mitigate the rigors of war, is but a simple confession of
the illegality of the contract ; because the laws of war
are paramount to motives of charity and humanity, and
starving the women and children was a legitimate
means, adopted by the rightful government, to compel
the rebel authorities to surrender."
80 Ku-Klux Klan No. Ifi.
Maj. "Wyland listened to the above argument, espe-
cially to the closing sentences, with real anguish of heart,
but every exhibition of feeling or passion was suppressed
with the iron will of a Stoic, On the street, he probably
would have resented the avowal of the monstrous propo-
sition that starving innocent women and children was a
legitimate means of terminating a war ; but in the court-
house he was nothing but a lawyer — cool, careful, and
deliberate — and every passion, or thought, that was
calculated to becloud his mental vision, or detract, in
any way, from his reasoning powers, was banished at
once. He knew that the legal attainments of his antag
onist were very limited, and that he was inexperienced,
and he had observed, also, that Weston had cited no
authorities to sustain the position he had assumed ; but
still he recognized the strong native ability of his oppo-
nent, and realized the fact that, with the evident preju-
dice of the presiding judge against him, he had a fight
on his hands that required skillful argument, supported
by an abundant array of authorities and precedents.
As he arose to address the court, in reply, he glanced
at Weston, and made toward him a peculiar gesture,
indicative of displeasure, which he habitually did when
aroused to indignation ; but that eminent worthy sim-
ply assumed a more defiant attitude, and looked more
than ever like a cabbage, all head and no body, while
a smile of anticipated triumph played over his features.
Maj. Wyland said :
" May it please your Honor : I have listened to the
argument of the counsel for the defendant in this case
Partisan Justice. 81
with that degree of interest and attention which a legal
argument alwaj^s elicits from me, especially when I know
it to be my duty to oppose the application of the prin-
ciples of law sought to be enforced ; but I must confess
that the avowal of such a monstrous proposition of law
as that feeding the non-combatant, starving and help-
less women and children, in a time of war, is aiding the
rebellion in such a sense as to make void a contract for
food furnished them, is a declaration of a doctrine that
is unwarranted by authority, and one that the moral
sentiment of mankind can never approve, nor the courts
enforce, without contravening all the traditions and his-
tory of free government, and crushing the very genius
of liberty itself. The complaint in this case states that
the contract was made in a time of great scarcity ; that
the destitution of the people was such that they could
not procure salt, and that they had, in many instances,
been reduced to the necessity of digging up the dirt
under their meat houses and boiling it, to extract the
salt which the earth had absorbed. The legal effect of
a demurrer is to admit the truth of all the facts stated
in the complaint; so, then, the motive, as appears
by the facts admitted, was not war, but simply to sup-
ply the urgent wants of our nature.
" But I am aware, your Honor, that the moral aspect
of this case is not to be allowed to dictate the opinion
of the court, and I, therefore, plant myself squarely on
the law, and insist that, by a strict construction of the
principle of law involved, the plaintiff is entitled to
" A preliminary question is : What was the relation
82 Kv^Klux Klan No. Ifi.
between the State and the United States when this con-
tract was made?
" In Thorington v. Smith, 8 Wall., 1, it is settled that it
was a de facto government, and that its civil adminis-
tration was lawful, and it was the duty of the citizens
to observe the laws of a peaceful character. ■
" In U. S. V. Rice, 4 Wheat., 246, and in O. S. v. How-
a/rd, 2 Gall., 485, and in WhecU. Int. Nat. Law, 337, 345
and 346, it is held that the conquest and military occu-
pation of part of our territory by the public enemy makes
it foreign territory, and subject to the laws arising out
of that relation.
" In the Sarah Starr. Bl. Prize cases, 69, it is settled
that, for all purposes of the war, it was a war with a for-
eign power, and involved all the consequences of interna-
"In the cases of the Union Ins. Co. v. U.S., 6 Wall,
759, and Armstrong'' s Foundry, 6 Wall., 766, it is decided
that the laws of capture and jprize apply to the acts of
confiscation of rebel property — otherwise, the law of
" And in Shanks v. Dupont, 3 Pet., 260, it is held that
the relation between the body politic and its members
continues the same, notwithstanding a change of govern-
" I. From these authorities are deduced clearly these
" 1. That we had a civil government in this State com-
petent to enact all civil laws not belligerent to the United
" 2. And that the law of nations governed the conduct
of the war between the State and the United States.
Partisan Justice. 83
" 3. The}^ establish this further principle, if our case
required it — that the law of nations, which is part of
the common law, is as obligatory upon a nation dealing
with its own subjects as with foreign nations.
" II. The second proposition, and main one, is, that
this contract is not forbidden by the law of nations, or
the law which governs a nation at war with its own
subjects, in a state of rebellion of the magnitude and
acknowledged character of this.
" The uniform decisions of the courts of all nations for
many ages, and the writings of eminent jurists, have
settled what acts and things constitute that ' aid to a
war', which is forbidden, so as to become the subject of
judicial cognizance. If two nations go to war, it is the
duty of all others to stand off, and furnish no aid to
either. If, however, the subjects of another govern-
ment do furnish supplies calculated and intended to aid
one party in the prosecution of the war, these supplies
are called '- contraband, of war ^ ^nd become the subject
of capture and prize.
"The term contraband, then, embraces, and was in-
tended to embrace, every act or thing which is in ' aid
of a war or rebellion, in a legal sense.
" What, then, is contraband of war f
"All merchandise is divided into three classes :
" 1. Articles manufactured and primarily and exclu-
sively used for military purposes in time of war.
" 2. Articles which may be, and are, used for purposes
of war or peace, according to circumstances.
" 3. Articles exclusively used for peaceful purposes.
" Provisions belong to the second class, and is our
84 Kvr-Klux Klan No. 1^0.
As to these, the rule is that they are contraband only
when actually destined to the military or naval use of
the belligerents. Wheaton Int. Nat. Law, pp. 376-381 ;
1 Kent Coin., pp. 134-41 ; The Peterhoff, 5 Wall., 58.
" From these cases and the text-books is clearly de-
rived this proposition — that salt is never contraband or
in aid of war unless actually destined to the military
use of the belligerents, as to a besieged place, or the
army. In our case the facts are that the salt was sent
to and used only by the women and children at home.
" Take the case of Leak v. Commissioners of Hichmond
County, 64 N. C, 132 : Grant intercepts provisions go-
ing intoYicksburg, a heseiged town. They are clearly
contraband. But if Vicksburg had not been beseiged,
and no hostile army there, it is equally clear they would
not be contraband,
" It is established, then, that the purchase of salt for
the people of the county was an act lawful and innocent
in itself ; and he who affirms the contrarj" must show
it. We do not rest our case here, as we might, but as-
sume the affirmative of establishing our innocence in
" The Acts of Assembly are divisible into two classes :
1. Those in aid, of the war, which are void. 2. Those
of civil administration, which are valid, as settled in
Thorington v. Smith. ISTote the facts in detail.
" 1. It is ' an act for the supply of salt' and confined
to that one purpose of distribution among the home
people, without any reference to a military purpose.
" 2. Ko act touching military supplies was passed in
reference to it.
PartisrjM Justice. 85
" 3. The legislature observed the distinction between
acts of a military and civil nature, and the captions so
designate them generally, or the body of the act does.
So much for the legislature. Now as to the count}^ :
" 1. The county is not sovereign, and has only limited
delegated powers. Being a mere subordinate agent,
the agent may be innocent, although the principal is
guilty. Here all the facts establish the unwarlike and
innocent purpose of the county.
" 2. The loan was made twelve months after the act,
under the pressure of necessity, 'great scarcity, and the
people were in great need of salt ', the case states. The
motive, then, was not war ; but to supply the urgent
wants of our nature.
" 3. The most scrupulous provision was made to se-
cure an equal and uniform distribution among all, black
and white, at home, thus rebutting all hostile purpose.
" 4. The county passed ' no act of secession ', no ' series
of war measures ', but was a subordinate fraction of the
State, and bound, willing or not, to obey ; and without
power to resist the State.
" But the county might he guilty and the plaintiff not.
" 1. His act was involuntary; the county went to him
" 2. The county agent merely stated to him that he
wanted the salt for the people of the county — a non-
" 4. No guilty knowledge of an unlawful purpose on
his part is shown. He was not bound to know a void
act of the legislature, and no actual notice is proved.
" 5. Finally the claim is audited, and allowed by the
county court, in 1867.
86 Kvr~Klux Klan No. J^O.
" Then, why should not this debt be paid ? If a famine
had occurred in time of peace (and history is full of
instances) a civil government which folded its hands,
stood aloof and said to the sufferers, ' perish !' would
have been looked upon by all mankind with horror and
detestation. Is the duty less sacred, because the famine
is in consequence of war and rebellion, and the govern-
ment is de facto and not dejuref
" The distinction, as I have already said, is one that
the moral sentiment of mankind can never apj^rove,
and is unwarranted by authority. The doctrine of what
is ' aid to rebellion ' may be carried to such an extent
that our courts will become a means of oppression, in-
stead of a place to which the injured may resort for
the enforcement of his rights. Such an error, I am sure,
this court would wish to avoid."
When Major Wyland closed his argument, the audi-
ence, nearly all of whom had sympathized with the
cause of the plaintiff from the beginning, gave evident
signs of approval, and a subdued whisper pervaded the
whole court-room. "Weston arose to reply, but Judge
Farwell, who well knew the inability of his friend to
combat the legal points presented by Maj. Wyland,
motioned for silence and said :
" I think it altogether unnecessary to protract the ar-
gument in this case further. It is conceded in the author,
ities cited by the counsel for the plaintiff that, in case of
a blockade, an attempt to introduce salt or other provis-
ions violates the law of nations, and the articles are law-
ful prizes, for the reason that by the blockade it is pro-
Partisan Justice. 87
claimed to the world that starvation is resorted to as one
of the means of compelling peace, and, this being recog-
nized by the law of nations as one of the means that a
belligerent may resort to, any one venturing to run the
blockade does so at his peril. Now, it is a historical fact,
of which the court may take judicial notice, that the late
war was conducted on a scale of magnificent proportions.
The whole South was in a state of seige at the time the
contract sued on was made — a blockade and military pos-
session of ports on the east and south ! arms on the
north and west ! It is, therefore, the opinion of this
court that the manufacture and distribution of salt by
the wrongful authorities in possession of the State gov-
ernment, and the wrongful county authorities, was in
contravention of the avowed polic}'^ of the government
of the United States, and in aid of the rebellion, as tend-
ing to protract the struggle ; and that money loaned to
the county in order to procure salt for the use of soldiers'
families, and other destitute persons, cannot be recov-
ered. Judgment will therefore be entered for the de-
fendant commissioners, and against the plaintiff."*
On the announcement of the decision of the court,
Albert Seaton sat for a moment, stupefied with astonish-
ment, and then buried his face in his hands in a paroxysm
of despair. How could he inform his invalid mother of
the disastrous termination of the suit ? Only a few days
before, he had induced her to sign with him a mortgage
on the old homestead, to enable him to purchase the out-
* The author pleads guilty to the charge of plagiarism in this chapter,
having quoted largely from the opinion in State v. Commissioners, 64 N. C.
Rep., 516, and from the brief filed by the counsel for plaintiflF in that case.
88 Ku-Klux Klan No. Jf-O.
of the Westmlle Conservative., and he had just entered
upon his editorial duties with a high hope of being
able to liquidate the mortgage at once with the pro-
ceeds of the suit, but now all his hopes had been dashed
to the ground with one blow, and the dear old home-
stead would be obliged to be sold.
Albert was sitting in this posture when Major Wyland
approached, and touching him gently on the shoulder,
said, "Arise, my boy, and let us us go home. We have
no further business here. When our courts of justice
are prostituted to the service of partisan hatred, and
our judges view everything through the green goggles
of prejudice, our rights are no longer protected, and
it is useless to seek an enforcement of them in court."
The irate old lawyer spoke with much feeling, and
exhibited, for the first time during the day, evidences
of the strong and rankling passions that were tearing
As Albert turned to take the arm of his counsel and
leave the court-room, he cast an appealing look at Judge
Farwell, but that dignitary met his glance with averted
face, and directed his sable assistant, the crier, to ad-
journ court for the day.
Major Wyland and Albert went directly from the
court-house to the home of Major Wyland, where they
found Minnie and Albert's sister, Bessie, waiting to
learn the result of the suit. The Wyland residence
was a magnificent stone structure, situated on a com-
manding eminence in the suburbs of the town, and
was surrounded by large and beautiful magnolias and
other evergreens. The place exhibited no signs of
Partismi Justice. 89
dilapidation and ruin, the usual painful remembrances
of the vanished fortunes of Southern aristocracy ; for
as late as the year 1870, many of our blue-blooded aris-
tocrats were still gnawing the bones of an ante-lellmn
wealth that dissolved before the sunlight of emancipa-
tion But everything about the premises showed evi-
dences of a luxuriant prosperity.
As Albert entered the large folding-door of the man-
sion, his sister met him, eager to hear the news ; but his
haggard appearance told the story at once. "Oh, my
brother," she sobbed, " I see it is useless to ask you the
termination of the case ; the pallor of disappointment
is on your face."
The agitation of his sister nerved him to make a brave
reply, for a true man always becomes stronger at the
sight of helplessness around him. " Never mind, my
sister," said Albert, " the case is not hopelessly lost yet,
for we have the right of appeal to the Supreme Court,
and it may be that the appellate court will interpret the
law differently, and the right may yet prevail."
" I am sorry to say that I do not feel very confident
of success before the Supreme Court," interposed Maj.
Wyland; "fori have observed with extreme regret
the partisan bias manifested by that court recently,
and they have already decided, adversely to the claim-
ants, questions of a similar character to that presented
by the case to-day. Indeed, the active participation
of the members of that court in political affairs has
attracted the attention of members of the bar through-
out the State; and so deep have they descended into
the depths of partisan mire that the lawyers who prac-
90 Kv^Klux Klan No. k.0.
tice before the court, or at least a large number of them,
have felt it to be their imperative duty, in order to pre-
serve the dignity of that tribunal, to publish a solemn
protest against their participation in political struggles."
" Yes," answered Albert, " and I believe those same
lawyers have been punished for their alleged imperti-
nence by being attached for contempt and deprived of
the privilege of appearing before the court until they
purge themselves of the contempt."
"And they may wait for an answer to their rule to
show cause why I should not be attached for contempt
until the devil summons them to answer for their own
real sins," answered the old lawyer defiantly. " I signed
the protest, because I deprecated the action of our Su-
preme Court judges in entering the campaign, and I
would suffer my tongue to rot in the palate of my
mouth before I would utter one word of excuse for my
action, and I would let my right arm become palsied
by inaction before I would sign any answer disavowing
" But tell me, father," said Minnie, " why Judge Far-
well decided against you to-day. I thought you were
confident of success this morning."
"Because he is a miserable time-server and dema-
gogue, instead of an impartial judge," answered the
" But surely he could not decide the matter arbitrarily
and without any authority or reason to support his
opinion," said Bessie, as she took her seat on the sofa
beside Minnie and placed her arm tenderly around her
waist. She knew that Minnie loved the judge, and she
saw how the harsh words of Maj. Wyland had wounded
Partisan Justice. 91
her heart, and she hastened to sustain and comfort her
with a woman's sympathy.
" I know of no authority in law, reason, or humanity
to sustain, or even justify, his decision," answered the
" Father," said Minnie in a voice almost choked with
emotion, " I cannot believe that Judge Farwell would
do any one the injustice to arbitrarily refuse to grant
relief in a case of that kind. He surely could have no
motive for doing Albert an injury."
" Motive," answered her father indignantly ; " there
was motive enongh to my mind. His object was to
pander to the prejudices of radical reconstructionists,
and in order to do so he was willing to prostitute our
courts of justice to serve base party purposes, while
other scapegrace carpet-baggers and scalawags rob and
impoverish the State and try to make us bear our hu-
miliation without murmuring."
" Oh, papa, don't speak so harshly," said Minnie, as
she laid her head on Bessie's shoulder and sobbed audi-
bly and bitterly. " Be charitable enough, at least to-
ward me, to assign some reason for his action."
" Then I will give you the only reason assigned by
himself for his decision while on the bench," said the
major. " He based his opinion on the principle that
the whole South during the war was in a state of seige,
and that even articles of provision furnished the be-
seiged became contraband of war, and on that principle
he decided that money loaned for the purpose of pro-
curing salt for starving women and children at home
could not be recovered in court. And I tell you, Min-
92 KvrrKlux Klan No. 40.
nie, and I say it emphatically and authoritatively, that
any man who entertains such an opinion as that is not
worthy of the hand of any Southern girl, who loves
her country and cherishes its history and traditions."
At this Minnie commenced crying, and Albert and
Bessie, seeing how embarrassing the situation was be-
coming, bade their friends good evening, and returned
home to go through the same scene of weeping with
their invalid mother.
Tears are women's weapons, and are the most elo-
quent and persuasive arguments that can be produced.
At the sight of his daughter lying prostrate and in tears
on the sofa, the stern father relented, at least to such
an extent that he folded her in his arms, and, stroking
her fevered forehead gently with his hand, said : "My
daughter, I did not wish to wound your heart unneces-
sarily. You may think me stern and inflexible when
I ought to be more indulgent, but I want to re-assure
you that my harshest treatment is from a father's love
and consideration for your future happiness. I have
an inveterate hatred for the man you have chosen to be
your future husband, and his decision to-day shows him
to be so utterly destitute of all human sympathy that I
regard him as more of a monster than ever. I think
his judgment in that case to-day a disgrace to the judi-
ciary of our State. But let us not talk more of this
matter now. I am satisfied that future events will vin-
dicate my course, and convince you that it would be
supreme folly to entrust your happiness to the keeping
of on(3 who disregards the ties of common humanity
Partisan Justice. 93
" Now retire to your room, my darling, and dry your
tears, and don't think your father cruel. Ever since
the day you were born, I have loved you as my only
offspring, and ever since the death of your dear mother,
1 have bestowed upon you the undivided affections
of my heart. Listen to me, my sweet child," and the
father patted his daughter on her cheeks and wiped
away her tears with his handkerchief as he spoke:
" There is no wish of your heart but that shall be grati-
fied, if I can only be convinced that to grant it will not
endanger your future welfare ; and I promise you now
that if future events shall convince me that I have mis-
judged him whom you love, I will make every repara-
tion in my power, and not a single desire of yours shall
ever be thwarted by any intervention on mv part. Go
to bed, darling, and you shall yet be happy. Good
The old lawyer kissed his daughter affectionately, as
he bade her good night, and Minnie retired to her room.
The father repaired to his study, and again he was only
a lawyer, utterly destitute of all sympathy or affection,
and totally oblivious of everything unconnected with
the legal question that for hours absorbed his attention.
94: Ku-Klux Klan No. W.
LOVE OR GOLD?
On the morning after the trial of the famous salt case.
Donald Weston sat in his room at the Midland hotel,
wrapped in profound meditation. He was in a quan-
dary, and this was it: He was desperately in love with
Minnie Wyland, but at the same time he was terribly
infatuated with the schemes of public plunder inaugu-
rated by the solons of the "grip-sack party," and he
was constantly beset by the alluring temptation to stuff
his grip-sack with gold and the fraudulent tax bonds,
which the political cormorants at the State Capital had
caused to be issued ; but he knew he could not win
both, and that if he ever expected to possess Minnie
Wyland as a wife, he would have to sever his connec-
tion with the Kepublican party, and give up all hope
of further political preferment and of accumulating
riches by the nefarious schemes practiced around him.
To seek to win the hand of Minnie would make him
guilty of treason and ingratitude toward his friend and
benefactor, whom he knew to be her affianced ; to enter
into the saturnalia of public plunder and financial de-
bauchery, then being carried on about him, would make
him guilty of treason and theft as against the State, for
he was well aware of the fraudulent character of the
bonds issued. His conscience was flexible enough to
permit him to do either, without being harassed with
any compunction ; and so, his conscience being easy, he
Ixyoe or Gold. 95
simply sat and weighed in his mind the two passions
of love and greed, and waited to see which would con-
quer in the struggle. And yet he was not altogether
like a ship, plunged in turbulent waters without a rud-
der. The astuteness of his powerful mind, which never
deserted him, was stronger than any malady that ran-
kled in his heart ; and reason, untrammelled by con-
science and influenced solely by selfish motives, became
the rudder to guide his course through the agitated
Minnie Wyland, he reasoned, was an only child, and
her father was already immensely rich, having wisely
invested all his accumulations before the war in real
estate, instead of following the popular method of invest-
ing in human chattels ; and, besides, he had a large and
lucrative practice as an attorney, and a conjugal part-
nership with the daughter and only heir and a business
partnership with the old man, could not be considered
a very hazardous and foolish venture. Besides, he was
not altogether certain that the carnival of crime and
political corruption, practiced by the dominant party,
would go alwa3^s unpunished ; or that the Republican
party would remain always in power, though he was
fully cognizant of the fact that a gigantic conspiracy
had been concocted, by the Governor and his unscrupu-
lous coadjutors in this State and at Washington City,
to perpetuate the reign of that party by the aid of
Federal bayonets and the State militia.
He had frequently visited Minnie at her home since
his first meeting with her at the ruins of the old mill
on the river, having become the principal means of
96 Kv^Klux Klan No. Jf.0.
communication between her and her banished lover ; and
he had so often hinted his unbounded admiration for
her that he felt sure the declaration of love, which he
finally decided to make that evening and so settle the
question whether in the future he should continue to
be a faithless friend or political miscreant, would not
so startle her that he would be unable to obtain, at
least, a respectful hearing. The crafty little dema-
gogue had so far pursued a very conservative course
in all matters relating to the public for the sole pur-
pose of ingratiating himself into the good graces of
Minnie and her father, and in order to quietly supplant
Judge Farwell in the affections of his betrothed ; but
he knew that the sentiments, expressed by him on the
trial the preceding day, would have a tendency to in-
jure him in the estimation of the "Bourbon element,"
as the faction to which Major Wyland belonged was
called, and it was this reflection that caused him to
resolve to act so precipitately in declaring his love.
If he should be successful in his suit, he would resign
his office as prosecuting attorney for that district and
repudiate the Republican party forever; if he should
be discarded, he would be ready to plunge at once into
the wildest excesses of extravagance — thievery and
scoundrelism that then reveled in the State — and swim
with the tide. He felt that Major Wyland was too
much of a lawyer himself not to reserve for him the
charitable thought that the sentiments he expressed
on the trial of the salt case might not have emanated
from the heart, but were possibly the feigned senti-
ments of a lawyer, resorted to for the purpose of gain-
Lo'oe or Oold. 97
ing his case, and he hoped to be able to satisfy Minnie
with the same explanation.
Having resolved to turn patriot and repudiate the
party of corruption and thievery, on condition that
Minnie should accept him as a lover and discard Judge
Farwell (the condition was quite apposite since patriot-
ism, as Dr. Johnson observes, is the last refuge of a
scoundrel), he proceeded, as soon as evening approached,
to wend his way toward the object of his passion,
determined to make one desperate eflfort to win her
hand, though he knew that in so doing he was flinging
away forever the friendship and respect of the friend of
his youth and benefactor of his manhood years on the
bare risk of success.
He found Minnie sitting on a rustic seat, under a
large elm in one corner of the yard, looking more dis-
consolate than he had ever seen her. She held a book in
her hand and pretended to be reading, but her swollen
eyes and troubled appearance in general showed
too plainly that her thoughts were not on the book.
Weston had observed the haggard expression on her
countenance before she discovered his presence, and
shrewdly divined the cause, and when she looked up
and he saw on her face an expression of relief, his heart
bounded with a hope it had never before known. It
showed that she was glad to see him, at least.
" Good evening. Miss Minnie," he said, bowing po-
litely ; " I am very glad to find you out in the open air
this beautiful evening. I hope your mind is as tranquil
and your heart as light as the gentle zephyrs around
98 Kii^Klux Klan No. J^O.
" Good evening, Mr. Weston," answered Minnie, ris-
ing and bowing with her accustomed grace; "I am
sorry to say that I do not enjoy, this evening, that happy
state of mind and heart your kindness would wish for
me ; but it may be that you will be able to tranquilize
ray mind and make my heart beat in consonance with
the peaceful scenery around me. Pray be seated."
" I am sure, it would afford me much pleasure to be
able to assist you in securing all the happiness that the
most favored existence can afford," said Weston, taking
a seat beside her. He wanted to say, further, that the
object of his visit was to offer her just such a state of
ecstatic bliss, but he feared to be too precipitate.
" I am satisfied from the favors you have formerly
shown me," answered Minnie, " that you would do all
in your power to add to my happiness. You know that
at the suggestion of Judge Farw^ell, I have given you
my confidence, and in many instances I have treated
you as a confidential friend and adviser, and it is in re-
gard to him that I wish to speak with you this even-
"And what is it you want to know about him ? "
"Oh, I want to know all about the trial yesterday,"
answered Minnie, speaking earnestly, " Papa says it is
a disgrace to the whole judiciary of the State."
" I cannot agree with your father, that other judges
are to be held responsible for one man's mistakes," he
answered ; " but I must confess that, in my estimation,
the decision is one that will not add anv lustre to Judge
Farwell's fame as a judge."
" Then you really think he did wrong ? " asked Min-
Love or Gold. 99
nie, vainly trying to suppress a tear that scalded her
eyelid. " Ought we not to be charitable enough to say
that it was probably a mistake, and not a wilful per-
version of justice ? "
^ I would very gladly give him credit for simply mak-
ing a mistake," Weston answered ; " but my knowledge
of the true facts compels the admission that, in my
opinion, he was simply carrying out the policy dictated
by the governor, which is to humiliate all those who
adhere to the Conservative or Democratic party, and
to drive them, by whatever means, into the Republcan
"And what are the facts which justify such an opin-
ion?" asked Minnie, still clinging to her affianced and
vainly trying to defend his actions against the artful
wiles of the wretch b}^ her side.
" Why, simply that we discussed the case together
before the trial came on," answered Weston; "and I
know his sentiments and true judgment on the ques-
tions involved. He intimated to me that such would
be his decision when the action was first instituted,
and before I tiled my demurrer. I protested against
filing such a demurrer for a long time ; but my clients,
the county commissioners, were aware of his opinion,
and I was forced to succumb in deference to their
wishes, or give up the case after having been retained
by the payment of a fee. Besides, I was inexperienced
myself, and had great respect for, and confidence in,
Judge Farwell's judgment until I heard the masterful
argument of your father."
The villian knew all this was a lie, but he had set
100 Kvr-Klux Klan No. Jfi.
out with the purpose of doing all the lying necessary
to accomplish his object, and he knew that Minnie's
confidence in the judge would be very much shaken
by such statements from one whom she trusted as his
friend as well as hers.
Minnie sighed deeply, and for a few moments neither
spoke. The one was weighing in her mind all the
charges she had heard in regard to Judge Farwell,
against the many excellent qualities she knew he pos-
sessed ; while the other was considering, cautiously, to
what extend he should attempt to poison her mind
against the judge before declaring his own love. At
last Weston broke the silence.
" I assure you. Miss Minnie, that it grieves me, as
much as you, to have my faith shaken in the man whom
I have respected and admired since my early youth. It
has pained me very much lately to observe his tendency
toward the extreme partisan measures inflicted upon
the people by the demagogues and unprincipled adven-
turers now in power in this State. I have often admon-
ished him of this evil inclination, and have frequently
warned him that his membership in the Union League
would prove to be the rock upon which his political
fortunes would be wrecked."
"Oh, do not tell me he belongs to the detestable
Union League," said Minnie, shuddering at the thought.
" Yes, I feel it my duty to inform you of these facts,"
answered the serpent, " because I would not wish to
appear as responsible for any deception as to his true
character that might be practiced upon you. I have
several times sought the opportunity of making this
Love or Gold. 101
disclosure, but have been deterred from doing so by a
friendly consideration for your own feelings."
"I appreciate your kindness," she answered. "You
were very considerate to think of my happiness at all."
"I assure you I have thought of nothing else lately,"
said the wily serpent. " Indeed, if my mind should
follow the inclination of my heart, my only thought
would be that your happiness was inseparably con-
nected with my own."
" I do not think I comprehend your meaning," she
Weston saw that the supreme moment of his life had
arrived, and he nerved himself for the ordeal.
" I mean simply," he answered, and his voice trem-
bled with real emotion, " that I love you, myself, and
my highest ambition is to have you reciprocate that
Minnie cast her eyes upon the ground, and restlessly
turned the leaves of her book.
"I am surprised at you, Mr. Weston," she answered
at last. "I had not thought of such a thing."
"Indeed, I know you have not," he answered; "but
still, I have been burning to tell you of my love for sev-
eral days. I have governed my passion with the hero-
ism of a Stoic, and have bided the time, which I knew
would come, when the true character of your accepted
lover would be disclosed to you, and you would be
ready to hear my own story, without accusing mS of
faithlessness toward Judge Farwell, and without the
necessity, on my part, of appearing as his rival."
" I have not yet discarded Judge Farwell," answered
102 Kyr-Klux Klan No. J^O.
Minnie, decidedly, " though I must confess that the
events of yesterday, and the facts you have related to
me this evening, have rudely shaken my plighted faith.
Still, the vows of love are not to be ruthlessly broken."
" Nor the offerings of love to be ruthlessly trampled
upon," answered Weston, while the burning passion of
his soul beamed eloquently through his piercing black
" Oh, do not speak to me of this matter now," she
said ; "my heart is already broken."
" Then it ought to be the more accessible," he an-
" You are mistaken," she answered ; " the rent heart
only asks for time to heal."
"Is not love the only balm for a wounded heart?"
" Yes, I believe it is."
" Then accept my love, and do not torture me longer.
Oh, Minnie," he said, rising and looking her full in the
face, while his tremulous voice and passionate eyes
told beyond dispute the genuineness and depth of his
love, " I love you with all the ardor of my burning
soul ! I throw my life and future happiness at your
feet ! Do not despise me ! Love me ! Be my wife, and
I will rob heaven itself of its sweetest comforts to make
you happy ! "
" Mr. Weston," answered Minnie, after a few moments
spent in deep reflection, " I think a man pays a woman
the highest compliment possible when he offers her his
love and asks her to be his wife. I am sure I appreci-
ate the comphment yoM have paid me, but ."
" Please do not tell me you appreciate it only as a
compliment," interrupted Weston eagerly. " Love onh^
Lo'oe or Gold. 103
is the return for love. All else is emptiness to the heart
that offers love. Do not dismiss me in that way. Only
tell me you will consider the matter. It may be that I
have been too precipitate. Give me but a ray of hope,
and Cupid himself shall lend it effulgence."
"I am sorry, Mr. Weston," and the girl spoke calmly
now, " but my love is forever pledged to another. It
may be that I have been deceived in him, and that he
is not the honorable and upright gentleman I have
esteemed him to be. If so, then my heart is sealed
against the love of all men forever, I cannot love
" Then you reject my suit, and spurn the offer of my
"Do not say 'reject' and 'spurn,'" said Minnie;
"those are harsh words, and I did not apply them.
Say, rather, that my heart is another's until time shall
reveal his true character, at least, and that I cannot love
another even though I should cease to love him."
"And I do not even have your permission to renew
my plea, but must regard your decision to-day as final 'V
"Yes, as final," but the girl spoke kindly, and there
was the sound of compassion in her voice.
"Then I leave you ; but remember, proud girl, that I
shall re(^rn to you again," and the wily, creeping, cring-
ing, fawning, wiry serpent began to hiss at the object
of his passion. "And if I do return, it will be as the
villain of villains, and your circumstances will then be
such that you may be ready to accept the proffered
hand of the villain and be free ! "
" Mr. Weston," said Minnie, rising and trembling vio-
lently with fear, " your language appalls and frightens
104 Kv^Klux Klan No. Jfi.
me. I cannot imagine how I have so incurred your dis-
pleasure, and am sure I meant you no injury. I do not
see why our friendship should be changed into the
deadly enmity you threaten me with, simply because
I tell you I cannot love you."
" Friendship ! " echoed the enraged little man in a
fury of passion. "And I will yet change that friend-
ship into love, or I will make the very remembrance of
it a canker in your brain that will drive you to distrac-
tion ! "
Minnie now became seriously alarmed, and retreated
hastily toward the house, leaving the baffled and re-
jected little demon alone in the yard.
As soon as Weston recovered from the blindness of
his fury, he walked back to his hotel, and entering his
room he unlocked his trunk and unfolded his commis-
sion as solicitor for the judicial district.
"This," said he, holding it proudly and defiantly
above his head, " is the emblem of my authority and
the weapon of my power. By this weapon I will smite
to the ground every barrier that impedes me in my
career toward fame and wealth, (?r," and he clenched
his fists and fairly hissed the words, " that opposes my
marriage with Minnie WylandP''
Two Villains Meet. 105
TWO VILLAINS MEET.
It was on a beautiful afternoon in June, 1870, and not
many days after tiie events recorded in the last chap-
ter, when Donald Weston alighted from a carriage in
front of a log school-house. In this unpretentious lit-
tle building Peter Tinklepaugh, the mixed-blooded little
pedagogue, with whom we formed an acquaintance in
a former chapter,
" reared the hickory sprout,
And taught the little black urchins how to shout."
On the announcement of Weston's appearance at
the door, Tinklepaugh went forward to meet him with
a bland smile, and his little villainous heart was filled
with as much genuine joy as that little receptacle of
so many wicked designs could possibly hold. He gave
the hand of his visitor a cordial grasp, and invited him
in the house, with many assurances of his pleasure at
meeting him, and of his appreciation of the honor of
receiving a visit from so distinguished a personage.
" I am very glad to make your acquaintance, Mr.
Tinklepaugh," said Weston, as he advanced to the
proffered seat on one of the rude benches next to the
log wall, which had been speedily vacated in his honor.
" I hope you will make yourself as comfortable as
our meagre accommodations will allow, while we finish
the few remaining exercises of the evening," said Mr.
106 Kv^Klux Klan No. J(0.
"Do not let me interrupt your work," answered
Weston, " and I assure you I will be quite comfortable
here by this window. I have no doubt, too, that I
will enjoy listening to the exercises of your pupils,
and witnessing the advancement made by them since
" I am sorry to say that we are so seldom honored
by the appearance of a visitor at this institution that
we have made very little preparation for the entertain-
ment of others," answered Peter. " However, we will
do the best we can, and I hope our faults will be over-
looked out of charity."
" I assure you I fully appreciate the many difficulties
you have to encounter," answered Weston, " and I de-
sire, also, to be allowed to pay you the high compliment
of attesting the appreciation of your friends of the
fact that you possess bravery enough to defy popular
prejudice and pursue your present occupation."
" No one has felt more keenly than I the extent and
bitterness of that prejudice," answered Tinklepaugh.
" I have been scourged and whipped, threatened with
death, and actually shot at by the murderous Ku-Klux,
until I feel that my life is in danger."
" I wonder that you have the courage to pursue your
avocation in the face of such danger," said Weston.
"Ought a father to refuse bread to his children?
Ought a patriot to remain idle, simply because his path
is beset by dangers, when he sees so much illiteracy
around him, and that, too, among those lately raised
to the rights of citizenship and the dignity of sover-
eigns? We have taken the shackles of slavery from
Two Villains Meet. 107
their feet, and in so doing we were shot at and pierced
and butchered, and many of our brave brothers slaua^h-
tered on the field of battle ; and shall we now refuse
to lift the manacles of a deadlier slavery from their
minds, simply because we have to face anew the same
dangers?" And the little pedagogue's eyes fairly
beamed with patriotic ardor.
" I must confess that to do so would look like we had
turned cowards after bravely winning only one-half
the battle," answered Weston. " To desert the negro
now and leave him to the mercy of the rebellious,
liberty-hating and slavery-loving Bourbons, who have
such an insane desire to keep him in ignorance, and
consequent semi-slavery, that their most inveterate
hatred is directed against those who seek to enlighten
him, is to rob the poor negro of the real fruit of our
victory in battle, and leave him with only the empty
"That is the true sentiment, and fitly expressed,"
" I have often wondered at the indifference mani-
fested by our people up North in respect to the situa-
tion down South," said Weston, after a pause. . " The
North gave the negro his freedom, and afterwards
clothed him with the emblematic weapon of a freeman,
the ballot ; and it does seem to me, that if the old pro-
slavery element continues much longer to deprive him
of his right to exercise his privilege as a citizen, and
continues to kill and whip those who seek to instruct
him how to perform the duties of citizenship, the gen-
eral government ought to interfere and protect him in
108 Kv^Klux Klan No. Jfi.
his rights — and his instructors, too — by direct govern-
" I agree with you exactly in that," answered Tin-
klepaugh, "and I desire to speak with you further on
that subject, and privately ; but let my students now
give you a few readings and recitations, and I will
then dismiss the school for the day."
" I will be delighted to hear them," answered Weston,
wishing to cultivate as strong a friendship with the
little teacher as possible, and well knowing that a man-
ifestation of sympathy with him in his work was the
most effective way of reaching him.
The school consisted of about forty dusky students,
and was made up of nearly all ages. The little ragged
and dirty urchin was there, with his little primer with
big flaming letters ; the athletic youth and kinky-headed
maiden, with their spelling-books and first readers ;
the middle-aged man and matron, who sometimes ex-
changed for the purpose of reciting the well-thumbed
and dirty little primer with their own offspring ; and
even the gray-haired son of slavery was there, w^ho
had wasted his strength, both mental and physical,
before .being accorded the privilege of atttending
school — all of them exceedingly anxious to "git an
eddication, an' be like de white folks."
They were all more or less embarrassed by the unex-
pected appearance and presence of their visitor, for
few white people had ever had the temerity to visit
that school ; but their pieces were generally well deliv-
ered, and all acquitted themselves creditably, every-
thing considered. A few of them read difficult selec-
Two Villains Meet. 109
tions very intelligently, and the delivery of some of
the recitations evinced a considerable degree of talent
in the reciter, though negroes always recite and de-
claim well if properly trained. Their voices are more
musical than those of the Caucasian, and their intona-
tion better, provided there be equal culture and prep-
aration. One of the recitations, by a full-chested and
deep-voiced young man of about twenty-five, was
especially well rendered, and it is here reproduced in
full, though with regret that it is impossible to repro-
duce on paper the perfect intonation of voice and ad-
mirable change from an expression of levity, in the
opening verses, to one of deep-sorrow, toward the close,
followed by an expression of hope, as set forth in the
last two verses. The Negro is a natural imitator and
miraicker, and the young man gave both voice and
limbs full sway as he recited :
MY BRUDDER SAM AN' I.
De happiest niggers on de farm
Was brudder Sam and I;
We never thought to do no harm,
We nebber wouldn't try.
We had to work so hard all day,
Ob which we was not fond;
But den, at twelve, we'd hab our play
A swimmin' in de pond.
At night, before we went to res',
My brudder Sam would sing.
An' I would pat, while Bob and Jess
Went round and round de ring.
110 Kv^Klux Kl(m No. Jfi.
We danced de double-shuffle den;
We made de welkin ring;
We made de kitchen trimble when
We cut de " pijen-wing."
Ole massa, he'd step in de do',
Or in de winder thrust
His silbry head to see de show,
An' laff till he'd almos' bust.
Ole missus, she was funny, too.
An' laflfed wid ole Mars John;
An' often, when de play was through,
Would ax another song.
But dat good time hab done and fled,
'Twill nebber come no more;
For brudder Sam is done gone dead —
Is gone to de oder shore.
My brudder Sam was black as tar,
His eyes was big an' white;
He went wid massa to de war —
He axed him if he might.
An' I remember well de hour
Dat come for us to part;
His partin' words fell like a shower
Ob snow upon my heart.
" Oh, brudder Sam, 1 lub you so-
'Tis thus I would begin;
But massa said I couldn't go,
And den I cried agin.
We all did cry, an' cry, an' cry;
'Tis sad to part, you know;
I thought ole missus sure would die,
To see ole massa go.
Two Villains Meet. Ill
" But we'll come back," ole massa said,
" We'll come agin, some day,"
An' den he left U8, an' he led
My brudder Sam away.
I watched 'em passin' down de lane,
"Where many times we played;
Dey nebber passed dat way again —
On de battle-field dey stayed.
One day dere came a letter back.
Which missus quickly read;
She said de thing had gone to rack.
An' brudder Sam was dead!
At las' de cruel war broke up,
Dey hushed de battle roar;
But still dere's bitter in my cup.
For brudder Sam's no more.
O'er field an" hill, an' on de shore.
In sadness, still, I roam;
But brudder Sam I see no more-
He nebber does come home.
His grave is on de Georgia plain.
Oh, miles an' miles from here;
Dere falls de gentle summer rain.
An' flowers am bloomin' near.
Some day de Lord will say to me,
" Come up, come up, to home;
Come up, an' all my glories see,
No more on earth you roam."
Oh, den I'll rise, on snowy wing.
Up to de distant sky,
An' dere will join once more an' sing.
My brudder Sam an' I.
112 Kv^Klux Klan 'No. Ifi.
At the conclusion of this recitation, Tinklepaugh tap-
ped the school-bell, and the little black brats scrambled
and tumbled over each other in their efforts to get out,
just like white brats. As soon as the last little kinky-
head was out of sight, as they all went galloping,
pell-mell, and screaming down the road, Weston turned
to Tinklepaugh and said :
" I have sought this interview with you, Mr. Tinkle-
paugh, because I have been informed, by those who are
supposed to know, that you are a man to be relied on
when any service is to be performed for the benefit of
the party ; and I wish to confer with you in regard to
the advisability of taking certain steps to insure a ma-
jority for our party at the approaching election. You
are aware that the election comes off on the first Thurs-
day in August, and, so far, very little effort has been
made to put into operation all the election machinery
at our disposal."
" I am very glad to hear you talk that way," an-
swered Tinklepaugh. " Indeed, I have been very much
mortified at the indifference and inactivit}'' displayed
by the leaders of our party so far. The powerful meas-
ures resorted to by the Ku-Klux Democrats to defeat
us at the polls, in August, makes the situation somewhat
"And yet we can beat them easily, if we will only
use all the means in our power properly," said Weston.
" Certainly we can," answered Tinklepaugh ; " but
how can we do anything so long as our Governor listens
more to the voice of members of the Inter-States Land
and Improvement Company than to the wail of Ku-
Two Villains Meet. 113
Klux victims ? He has been importuned time and again
to declare this county in a state of insurrection, and to
call out the militia, under the wise provisions of the
Ku-Klux bill ; but members of the various land and im-
provement companies protest against such action, sim-
ply because they say it would prevent the influx of
capital into the State for the Governor to declare offi-
cially that insurrection existed in the State. He must
be interested in some of the companies himself."
" Perhaps a few more outrages would open his eyes,"
"But they don't occur," ansAvered Tinklepaugh sor-
" "Why can't we make them occur ? What has become
of the loyal Union League ?"
" Oh, that organization belongs to the negroes, you
know, and they are all natural cowards. The League
at this place started out manfully to burn all the barns
and granaries belonging to the Ku-Klux, in order to
make the Klan retaliate by whipping and killing Re-
publicans ; but at the first crack of a pisfol in the hands
of a disguised Ku-Klux, they all faltered and hid, al-
though they were acting, as they said, under the orders
of the Governor himself, though I never believed that."
"My own election comes off at the general election
in August," said Weston ; " and unless I can have the
aid of the presence of the military at the polls, I fear
I shall be defeated. The negro is afraid to vote under
the eyes of a Ku-Klux, and unless they have something
to sustain them, they will refuse to vote."
"And even with the aid of troops at the polls we are
not going to have a walk-over," answered Tinklepaugh.
114 Ku-Klux Klan No. W-
" I have carefully considered the situation, and I tell
you the odds are against us."
"I would rather die than to be defeated," said Wes-
ton, " and my opponent is not a man to be despised as
an antagonist, but one rather to be dreaded."
" Colonel William Goldston is your opponent, I be-
lieve," said Tinklepaugh.
" Yes, and he is a shrewd debater, and is thoroughly
conversant with the political history of the State, while
my own knowledge in that particular is extremely mea-
gre," answered Weston.
" Oh, well, never mind him," answered Tinklepaugh.
" We'll treat him again as we did when he was elected
to the Legislature in 1868."
"And how was that ?" asked Weston.
" Why," he answered, " have you never heard about
that? The Democrats bull-dozed enough voters to elect
him to the Legislature in 1868, but when he got there
he was compelled to stand aside, and was not permit-
ted to take the oath of office."
"And how," asked Weston, "could they prevent him
from taking the oath of office if he presented his certi-
ficate of election?"
" Oh, that was simple enough," answered Tinkle-
paugh. " You see he was sheriff of West county be-
fore the war, and under the provisions of the " Iron-
Clad Oath," as the Democrats term it, no person who
held office before the war, and afterwards engaged in
the rebellion, is eligible to office now ; and so, when he
presented himself for installation into office, he was
not permitted to be sworn in as a member of the Leg-
islature. And twelve others were treated in the same
Two Villains Meet. 115
" I never heard of that before," said Weston. " In
fact, I never before had any idea of the practical ope-
ration of that provision of the oath required by the
act of Congress."
" You see we have evervthine; in our own hands, if we
will only use the means within our reach to perpetuate
our power," answered Tinklepaugh.
" Yes, but with the indomitable and fearless Ku-Klux
to fight, and a weak-kneed Governor sitting at the
helm to direct our own war-ship, it appears to me that
the enemy has the advantage of us after all," said
" But we must use our power," answered Tinklepaugh,
with emphasis, "and I tell you there is but one way
to prevent our defeat at the polls in August,"
"And what is that?" asked Weston.
" For the Governor to order out the militia, and let
them arrest and detain in prison, until after the elec-
tion, enough Democrats to ensure a victory for us,"
"But how shall the Governor be induced to act?"
" Stir up such a scene of carnage and bloodshed that
it will be his duty to do so, under the Ku-Klux act."
"But how can that be done? The negroes refuse
to act, and shall we shed blood with our own hands?"
" Incite the members of the Union League to do it.
It is not necessary for us to imbue our own hands in
" By bribery. Money will buy a negro's soul."
" But where is the money to come from ? "
" Out of the pockets of the slain."
116 Kv^Klux Klcm No. W-
For a few moments both villains sat and meditated
in silence. At last "Weston spoke :
'•And how would old Jasper Fontell do to begin
with ? He sold a gold mine to an English syndicate, a
few weeks ago, and, besides, he has a stack of railroad
" He is the very man," answered Tinklepaugh. ^' His
coffers are tilled with gold and bonds, and we can empty
his money-chests at the same time we drain his heart
of its blood, and while we paint the bloody picture for
the Governor with his gore, we can buy power with
" And influence with his bonds," said Weston. '' I
tell you there is nothing like having a pile of railroad
bonds to give one influence in the State. With his
bonds in our pockets, we may make ourselves stock-
holders and directors in some of the new railroads."
" Pshaw ! " answered Tinklepaugh, " these railroads
will never be built. It was never intended that they
should be; but, then, the bonds are good, anyway, be-
cause they pledge the faith of the State, and ample
provision will be made for their payment and redemp-
tion. But how shall we proceed to procure those bonds ?
What precautions are necessary, in order that it may
appear that ho was certainly murdered by the Ku-Klux
on account of his political opinions?"
" That is the point," answered Weston. " It must
certainly appear to be a political murder, and there
must be sufficient evidence to implicate the Ku-Klux.
I would never consent to the killing of any man, unless
satisfied that his death would serve the interests of the
Two Villains Meet. 117
" Nor I, either," answered Tinklepaugh. " Fealty to
the party, and a sincere desire to promote its interests,
are the only motives that could prompt me to consent
to his death, and it may be that we will serve the party
in more ways than one by putting old Fontell out of
the way. I am told that he is already weakening in
his support of the party, and if we can kill a Demo-
crat, and make it appear that the Ku-Klux have killed
a Republican, we will deprive the Democrats of one
vote, at least, and then if the Governor will act in the
matter, as he ought, we ma}^ be able to get many more
of them out of the way before the election, without
the spilling of more blood."
" If he has severed his connection with the party,
then it will do no good to kill him," said Weston. " I
deplore the necessity of resorting to such extreme
" Oh, you may quiet all fears on that score," answered
Tinklepaugh. " I have no idea he has ever told anyone
that he was going to desert the party, and the Ku-Klux
still regard him as a very obnoxious Eepublican."
" But wh}', then, do you say that he is weakening in
his support of the party ? " asked Weston.
" Oh, simply because I went to him, as chairman of
the Republican Executive Committee of this county, a
few days ago, and asked him for money to bribe the
members of the Union League and spur them up to
more active service, and he refused to contribute any-
thing, and you know when a Republican becomes so
lukewarm as to refuse to donate for the benefit of the
party, he is no longer to be implicitly trusted."
" Especially one who has his safe full of State bonds
118 Kv^Klux Klan No. kO.
that were almost given to him for the sake of his inj9.u-
ence," answered Weston.
"Yes," answered Tinklepaugh, "and those bonds
were given him with the expectation of receiving a
large contribution from him to the campaign fund, and
I reminded him of that fact the other day, but it seemed
to do no good."
" Well," said Weston, " it seems to me that a man
who has received the pecuniary favors bestowed by the
party, and then refuses to aid us in time of need, ought
to be gotten rid of, somehow, and I am more than ever
satisfied that his early demise is a political necessity."
"Then I understand it is a settled fact that he must
go," said Tinklepaugh,
" Yes," answered Weston.
" Then leave the details of the plot to me."
" Because," answered Tinklepaugh, " in the first place,
it is impossible to make all the preliminary arrange-
ments without first seeing the captain of the Union
League, and finding out just how many will participate
in the deed ; and, besides, the woods are full of armed
Ivu-Klux, who are ever on the alert, and if we should be
detected and captured it would never do for you to be
"And why not let me be caught as well as you ? "
" Because you are the Solicitor for this judicial dis-
trict," answered Tinklepaugh.
"And what has my official position to do with a mid-
night assassination, to which I would be, at least, an
accessory before the fact % "
Two Villains Meet. 119
" Oh, a great deal," answered Tinklepaugh. " In the
first place, if I should be arrested, you could use your
official influence to have me released on straw bail, and
I could then make my escape; but if you should be
caught well, we will not discuss that matter, since
you will not be allowed to go."
" I see your point," answered Weston, admiring the
ingenuity of his co-conspirator, " and I am willing to
trust you to execute the scheme in every particular.
But where shall we meet after the work is accom-
'' To divide the spoils, you mean ?" asked Tinklepaugh.
" In your room at your hotel."
" But why not let me come to you ? You seem to
take all the work upon yourself."
" I tell you it will never do for you to be at all active
in the matter," answered Tinklepaugh emphatically.
" If our scheme succeeds and the Governor declares this
county in a state of insurrection, there will be mutiny
sure enough, and a reign of terror in the community,
and every movement of yours will be watched on ac-
count of your official position."
"Yery well," answered Weston; "I see lean rely
on your judgment. But when shall the work be done,
and when shall the meeting take place?"
"The work shall be done immediately, and the meet-
ing will take place on the night afterwards," answered
"At the Midland hotel ? "
"At the Midland hotel in Westville. I know the
place," answered Tinklepaugh.
120 Ku-Klux Klan No. JfO.
"Can you obtain real Ku-Klux disguises for our
men ? ". asked Weston.
'*We have them already prepared," answered Tin-
klepaugh, " and have used them on a number of occa-
"And the Ku-Klux have been saddled with the crimes
committed," said Weston. "May you succeed in this
instance as well."
" Trust me to carry the plot to a successful execu-
tion," answered Tinklepaugh, " and reserve all your
power and ingenuity for what might happen hereafter."
" Good ; I can trust you," answered Weston, rising
from his seat on the steps of the rude hut to take his
"Wait one moment," said Tinklepaugh, seeing Wes-
ton about to bid him good-bye. "There is another
matter, I wish to speak to you about, and one that con-
cerns, us both if we wish to see our schemes succeed."
"And what is that?" asked Weston, curious to know
what further the sagacious little pedagogue had to
" Why, we will need a newspaper," answered Tinkle-
"And what do we want with a newspaper, I should
like to know?" said Weston. "Do you expect to kill
old Fontell with vituperation and abuse published in a
newspaper ? I had anticipated that you would resort
to more violent measures."
"And so we will, in his case," answered Tinklepaugh ;
" but that is only the beginning of the execution of our
scheme, you know, and if we wish to carry it out to
Two Villains Meet. 121
the fullest extent, we must inflame the public mind
with stories of Ku-Klux outrages until it will make the
blood curdle in one's veins to hear them, and there is
no other means so effectual to stir up the public mind
to mutiny and rage as a newspaper published on the
scene of disturbance, and edited by some one who is
capable of depicting the horrors of sedition in the
" The newspaper, then, is to work upon the minds
of the Governor and the leaders of the party," said
" Yes," answered Tinklepaugh, " that is the scheme."
" And a capital scheme it is, too," answered Weston ;
" a capital one, indeed. I am surprised that we had
not thought of that before. But who can we get to
edit such a paper ? "
" The first question is, where can we get the money
to purchase the outfit?" answered Tinklepaugh.
" Oh, we can find the money very easily," said Wes-
ton. " I will furnish the money myself, if no one else
can be found willing to advance it, simply for the bene-
fit I hope it will be to me in the election."
" Then, if you furnish the money, you will be sole
owner of the paper, and might nominate the editor
yourself," answered Tinklepaugh.
" Then I nominate you," said Weston. " Will you
accept ? "
" Let me see," said Tinklepaugh, pretending to hesi-
tate and reflect a moment ; " Yes ; my school will be
out tomorrow, and I will accept the position at once."
"Yery well," answered Weston, "I will have posters
to announce the appearance of the paper on next
122 Kv^Klux Klan No. UO.
Wednesday aiorning. But what shall we name the
" Oh, anything you suggest," answered Tinklepaugh.
" Then we will call it the Westville RepvMican^'' said
" I presume you wish it to be a rival of the Westville
Conservative^ edited by Albert Seaton," said Tinkle-
" Yes, and a terror to all such Ku-Klux politicians,"
answered Weston. "But what night shall I expect
you to attend to old man Fontell?"
" On next Saturday night," answered Tinklepaugh,
" and I will have a full account of the affair in the first
edition of the Westville Republicanr
"And a true account," laughed Weston, as he entered
his carriage and bade Tinklepaugh good-bye a second
" Yes, a true account, as we Avould wish the Governor
to see it," laughed Tinklepaugh in reply, as the wheels
of the carriage commenced to rattle on the road to-
" By Jove ! I am glad I met him," said Tinklepaugh
to himself, as the top of the carriage disappeared in
the distance. " I have been wanting some person of
his ilk to co-operate with me for some time, and he
seems to be the very character I have been looking for.
And when I get to be editor of that paper, every arti-
cle shall be written with a pen dipped in gall, and the
hand that guides the pen shall be propelled by malig-
nity, hate, rancor and malice, until the very streets of
Westville shall be red with the blood of those who
have sneered and scoffed at me on account of ray pres-
A Klu-Klux Outrage. 123
A KU-KLUX OUTRAGE.
Mr. Jasper Fontell, commonly known in the commu-
nity as " Old Stingy Jap," lived in a very large and
commodious, but somewhat dilapidated, house about a
mile from Westville. He had succeeded in worrying
his wife to death, by his penurious habits, many years
before the events recorded in this book occurred, and
had placed her away in the little family burying ground
back of the garden, with a decaying piece of rude plank
at the head of her grave, on which he carved (with his
own hand to avoid having any expense attached to the
funeral) the simple letters " M. F.", which those who
knew her before her decease interpreted to mean "Mary
Fontell "; but, except for the humble grave and the two
simple letters on the rough board at the head of it,
there was nothing in or about the house to indicate
that such a person had ever lived there. They never
had any children, and "Stingy Jap" now lived all alone
with no one to quarrel at, save a big bull-dog by the
name of " Towser."
No opprobrious sobriquet was ever more appropri-
ately and deservedly bestowed on any human being
than that of " Stingy Jap ", as applied to old Jasper
Fontell, as Towser himself testified a thousand times —
indeed, at every meal-time ; and Towser had been the
old man's solitary companion ever since " M. F." per-
ished in body, mind and soul, and found relief in the
124 Kvr-Klux Klan No. Ifi.
lowly grave in rear of the garden, where she was placed
by her surviving consort with no more manifestation
of love or sympathy than she had enjoyed during her
long and miserable connubial existence. Old Fontell
was, in fact, a miser in every sense of that term, save in
one particular : a real miser generally converts every-
thing around him into money, and hoards it in secret
niches in the wall of the house, or buries it in the ground ;
whereas, "Stingy Jap" invested his earning in stocks,
bonds and real estate, and in all his bargains he ex-
hibited a shrewdness that showed him to be a financier
of no mean ability. And yet, he loved to sit and count
his money just like every other miser, and often after
selling a valuable piece of property, for his rule was al-
ways to sell at the first advance in the price, he would
sit and rattle his gold-bag at Towser, and Towser would
growl at him in reply, and accuse him of being too
stingy to give his dog bread enough to eat. He shut
himself out from all society, and paid little attention
to the affairs of church or State, consequently he re-
ceived no visitors, and had no communication with any
person except on matters of business. It might be ex-
pected that such a character would have few friends
and sympathizers, and
"Alas, for the rarity
Of human charity
Under the sun,
it must be recorded of him that his friends were, in-
deed, few. And yet he had one friend, a near neigh-
bor, who sometimes paid the old man a visit, notwith-
A Ku-Klux Outrage. 125
standing his repulsive demeanor toward his visitors
and evident dislike for them.
This good neighbor, Mr. Garrett Dixon, was enjoy-
ing the pleasant shade on his front piazza, and inhaling
the fragrant odors that came from the profusion of
flowers in the yard, on the morning of the second Sun-
day in June, 1870, when his wife came out and handed
him a little basket filled with pretty red June apples.
" I thought you would enjoy a few of them this morn-
ing," she said. " They are so early and nice, too. No-
body in the neighborhood has any like them."
" Thank you," said Mr. Dixon, politely, for a man
never ceases to be polite to his wife as long as he loves
her; "they are very nice, indeed. Have one, too."
" No," said his wife, " I have just eaten a few in the
orchard while gathering them, and I don't care for any
" But 1 don't like to enjoy such luxuries by myself,"
said Mr. Dixon, good naturedly. " It seems to me, I
ought to divide with somebody."
" I'll tell you whom you can divide with," said his
wife, " and it will be an act of real charity, too."
" Old Stingy Jap."
" True, I had not thought of him," said Mr. Dixon.
"And it will be an act of charity to divide with him, as
you suggest, for I doubt if there is an apple or a peach
on his plantation, though he is well able to afford Mal-
aga grapes as a luxury, if he was not too stingy."
" Well, we are not responsible for his penuriousness,
and it seems that he can't help it himself," answered
126 Kv^Klux KloM No. J^O.
"That is true," said Mr. Dixon, "and I hope I can
give him the apples with as much real pleasure as it
would afford me to give a piece of bread to a starving
beggar. He is certainh^ poor in one respect, notwith-
standing his gold, and his bonds, and his lands: he cer-
tainly suffers the poverty of human sympathy, which
is the worst form of poverty after all, and if it be said
that he shuns and repulses those around him, it must
be admitted in reply that the world has neglected and
repulsed him, too."
" I will call a servant to take them over for you,"
said Mrs. Dixon.
"N'o," answered Mr. Dixon, "it is not very far, and
the sun is not up enough to be hot yet, and so I prefer
to take them myself."
Mr. Dixon took the basket on his arm, and proceeded
over to his neighbor's house by a little path that led
through the woods, which was shady and pleasant.
The path led up to a little yard gate, on the back side
of the house, and Mr. Dixon entered this quietly, for
fear of arousing Towser, and walked around the house
to the front door. But he did not knock— he started
to, but his arm was arrested at the sight of a most
hideous picture on the door, and he stood for a few
moments transfixed to the spot, trembling with fright
and astonishment. On the door was a picture of a
skull and cross-bones, a coffin and a scythe blade, and
under these figures, evidently written in human blood,
were the portentous letters, "K. K K. "
Kecovering his self-possession, after a few moments,
Mr. Dixon turned to leave, when his eyes encountered
A Kti-Klux Outrage. 127
a sight more appalling still. Suspended to a limb of
a tree in the yard, was the lifeless form of old Jasper
Fontell ! The body was cold and rigid ; his eye-balls
had bursted from their sockets ; one hand was partly
uplifted, as if in supplication, and everything around
gave evidence of the most violent contortions in death.
The knot in the rope had been clumsily tied, and had
slipped around to one side of his neck, pressing his
head forward and toward the opposite side ; his mouth
was wide open, and his black, swollen tongue was rest-
ing on his shoulder. He presented a frightful specta-
cle, indeed, and Mr. Dixon did not linger long to see
it. Towser was still there, sitting a few paces off, and
looking up into the face of his dead master with an
expression of genuine pity ; but the voice of the poor
dog was dumb as to the identity of the perpetrators of
the horrible deed, and he could only express his sym-
pathy and affection for the deceased by a low and piti-
ful whine. Mr. Dixon tried for a few moments to coax
Towser home with him, for the purpose of feeding the
poor brute, but no amount of persuasion could induce
him to desert the form of his lifeless master.
Hurrying home, Mr. Dixon informed his wife of the
horrible discovery, and then hastily left to summon his
neighbors and acquaint them with the facts. A mes-
senger was immediately dispatched to Westville for
the county coroner, and very soon that important func-
tionary appeared and summoned a jury to inquire into
the cause of the death. The jury having been sworn
and empannelled, in proper form of law, the next thing
necessary was to secure witnesses, and quite a number
128 Kw-Klux Elan No. k-O.
were sworn and examined, without eliciting anytliing
of importance. The coroner was about to adjourn the
inquest with the usual verdict of a coroner's jury —
" that the deceased came to his death by violence at
the hands of some person or persons unknown " — when
some one suggested that it would be proper to send for
the district Solicitor, and have the benefit of his advice
and assistance in the investigation. It was unanim-
ously agreed that this was the proper thing to do, under
the circumstances, and so another messenger was hastily
despatched for Donald Weston, Esq., the district Solici-
The person making this suggestion might have ex-
plained to the crowd that he had been directed by Mr.
Weston to demand his attendance and official assistance
at the proper time, but that information belonged ex-
clusively to the elect, the inner circle, and the vulgar,
common mind had no business knowing such things.
Weston soon appeared, clothed in his official power
and dignity, and surveyed the premises with a well-
feigned shudder of horror. " I see, gentlemen," said that
dignitary, averting his eyes from the ghastly form of the
dead man swinging in the air before him, and pointing to
the ominous representation on the door, " that there is
some evidence that the unfortunate deceased met his
death by violence committed by a secret, lawless or-
ganization. We all know the meaning and origin of
those menacing warnings on the door yonder, and we
all know, too, the dangers incurred by witnesses who
possess the bravery to testify against the perpetrators
of such deeds, and I therefore advise and direct that
this inquest be held in secret."
A Ku-Klux Outrage. 129
The coroner at once concurred in this view of the
case, and approved the direction given by the Solicitor
to hold a secret inquest. Accordingly, the jury, all of
whom had been selected ' with care from those who
were known to be ardent Republicans, were directed
to retire to an old woodshed in one corner of the yard,
and no ore was thereafter allowed to approach within
hearing distance, except the witnesses as they were
What was said and done by this secret, partisan in-
quisition after their retirement, can only be guessed at
from what transpired after their adjournment, and
these things will be fully detailed in subsequent chap-
130 Kv^Klux Klan No. W.
THE TWO VILLAINS MEET AGAIN.
" Fo' de Lawd, Mr. Tinkerpy," said Uncle Ben as he
conducted the future editor of the Westville Republi-
com up stairs to Weston's room, at the Midland hotel, on
Sunday evening, "I had no idee ob seein' you in town
to-night. Glad to see ye, do'. 'Deed, I'se alius glad to
see enny white man, what teaches de cullud folks an
edicashun like de white folks,"
" Much obliged to you for your kind appreciation of
my work, in trying to improve the condition of your
race," answered Tinklepaugh ; " and I am happy to be
able to inform 3'^ou that I am henceforth to serve your
slavery-cursed and oppressed people in an enlarged
" What yer mean, Mr. Tinkerpy," said Uncle Ben,
half comprehending Tinklepaugh's meaning, " sho' yer
aint er gwine ter quit yer school % "
" Yes, Uncle Ben," answered Tinklepaugh, " I have
abandoned that avocation for the present."
" De Lawd hab mercy on de po' niggers ! " exclaimed
Uncle Ben. "An' ye's done gone an' 'zerted us too, Mr.
Tinkerpy. Fo' God, it seems de niggers hab no fren's
no mo', an' dey gwine ter be 'lowed ter die in dere
ig'nance, jes' like in slabery times."
"Why, Uncle Ben," answered Tinklepaugh, "you
must have misunderstood me, when I told you I was
now prepared to serve ^you more efficiently than ever
The Tioo Villains Meet Again. 131
before. I am going to be the editor of a newspaper that
is to be devoted exclusively to the amelioration of the
condition of your race, both politically and socially."
"A newspaper," exclaimed Uncle Ben, " an' what's
ter become ob de school ? "
" Oh, I do not know what will become of it, for the
present," answered Tinklepaugh. " My time expired,
and I was offered a position in an enlarged sphere of
usefulness, both to the colored race and to the Kepub-
lican party, and I felt it to be my duty to accept. At
present there is no newspaper in this section of the
State that devotes even a column to the interests of the
colored people, and I think they ought to have some
such medium of communication with the world."
" But what good will de paper do when de po' nigger
kaint read it ? " asked Uncle Ben deprecatingly.
" "Well, Uncle Ben," answered Tinklepaugh, some-
what stunned at the point so suddenly suggested, " it
does seem that your people ought to be prepared to
read and enjoy what is written and published for your
special benefit ; but, then, you have other interests that
ought to be dearer to you than a knowledge of books.
The preservation of your liberties and rights as citizens
is a matter of more importance to you just now than
the acquisition of knowledge, and I propose that my
paper shall be an exponent of your higher interests."
" Den, is de Democrat party gwine ter take de nigger's
freedom erway from him, sho' nuff ? " asked Uncle Ben.
" They will, if they ever once acquire the power,"
answered Tinklepaugh. " I tell you the political as-
cendency of that party would mean the destruction of
the liberties of your people."
132 Ku-Klux Klam, No. W-
" Dat's what be jedge an' Mister "Weston bof tells
me," said Uncle Ben, " an' I begins to belebe it, too, do'
I did say I'd nebber vote de 'Publican ticket no mo',
unless dey gib us de forty acres an' de mule, like dey
promised us 'fo de las' 'lection."
" Well, Uncle Ben, you must not be in too great a
hurry," answered Tinklepaugh. " You must remember
it takes time to accomplish great undertakings."
" It's bin three years," answered Uncle Ben, whose
heart was set on the acquisition of the promised bounty,
" an' I haint seed a single nigger wid de forty acres an'
de mule, an' it 'pears ter me dey hab had time er plenty
ter make er beginnin'."
" Well, we have had so many other important things
to attend to that we have hardly had time to consider
that matter," said Tinklepaugh. " But the party has
done what was best for your interests, you may be as-
sured. What good would it do you to own the forty
acres and the mule, when the bare possession of them
would make you the object of Ku-Klux enmity, and
might possibly result in your becoming their victim?
Don't you know they whip and kill every colored man (^
who, even by his own labor and economy, acquire a/^ '
little property ? "
" Well, I'se heered dat dey do," answered Uncle Ben,
still clinging to the idea that the negroes had been
cheated, " but if dey would gib me de forty acres an'
de mule, I'd resk de chuck-a-lucks."
But Uncle Ben's discussion of his favorite theme was
suddenly terminated by the appearance of Weston, and,
picking up his hat, he reluctantly left the room, mut-
The Two Villains Meet Again. 133
tering to himself as he descended the stairway that " de
'Pubhcan part}^ done fooled us once er bout de forty
acres an' de mule."
" You must excuse my want of punctuality in keep-
ing my appointment," said Weston to Tinklepaugh, as
he cordially grasped the hand of the ex-teacher. " I
was somewhat belated by the prolonged investigation
before the coroner's inquest, and reached home only a
few moments ago."
" I have been very comfortable here since my arrival,"
answered Tinklepaugh, "and have been somewhat en-
tertained, as well as amused, by the conversation of
your servant. He seems to be very mucli aggrieved
because he has never received the forty acres and the
mule we promised them. Really, I am afraid he will
desert the part}^ on that account."
"Yes," answered Weston, "that old Ku-Klux chief-
tain. Major Wyland, has filled his head with that
notion, and his mind is only capable of holding one
idea at a time."
" Perhaps a little discipline would do him good,"
" From the Union League. Have you not heard of
our latest order?"
"No," answered Weston; "what is it?"
" Why, to whip every negro who does not promise
to vote the Republican ticket at the approaching elec-
tion," answered Tinklepaugh. " It is said the order
emanates from the Governor, who is recognized as the
head of the League in this State."
134 Kv^Klux Klan No. Jf.0.
" But how is the negro to know that he is not being
whipped by the Ku-Klux because of his affiliation with
the Republican party, instead of by the League, on
account of his desertion of the party?"
" Oh, we inform him of the cause of his punishment
at the time it is inflicted," answered Tinklepaugh,
" But generally it is not necessary to resort to violence
at all, for his promise is easily exacted upon the slight-
est demonstration of force."
"Yes, the negro will promise anything," answered
AVeston, "but the trouble is that in case you bribe
him, he refuses to remain bribed, and may be purchased
by the next man who meets him ; and if you exact a
promise from him by violence, or a threat of violence, he
forgets it as soon as the force is removed, and the next
man who lifts a whip over his head can make him
break his contract by promising to do the very oppo-
" Well, it does seem that he is naturally a perverse
being, anyway," said Tinklepaugh, "and it is only a
question of who gets him last. But a discussion of
the negro problem is not our business to-night. We
have more practical matters to attend to. Lock your
While Weston was complying with this precaution-
ary injunction, Tinklepaugh unlocked a medium sized
valise which he had brought with him, and emptied its
contents on the table before him.
" And now for a division of the spoils," said Tinkle-
paugh, with a wicked grin, as Weston took a seat on
the opposite side of the table. " Here is our legacy
under the will of 'Old Stingy Jap.' "
TTie Two Villains Meet Again. 135
" It is not by virtue of his will^ I dare say," answered
"Weston. " Not, indeed, unless his mind underwent a
considerable change in articulo mortis, and you induced
him to bequeath the legacy through undue influence."
" Well," answered Tinklepaugh, with a wicked leer,
" I must confess, that those who ministered to his wants
in his last moments would be compelled to testify that
his ' ruling passion was strong in dea.th ' ; but still he
left his property behind him, and, as he left no children
to inherit it, we took it as a gift causa mortis^
" And a princely bequest it is, too," said Weston.
"Yes, and as a token of our appreciation of the princely
gift, we swung him up in regal style," answered Tin-
" I thought it was rather a bungling job, as I viewed
it," answered Weston. " The knot in the rope had
slipped around to one side of his neck, which turned
his head so that he seemed to be trying to look back
at something behind him."
" Oh, that was his greedy eyes trying to follow us,
I reckon, as we made off with the booty," answered
" Well, it would seem that his voracious eyes did try
to follow you," answered Weston. " They had actually
crawled out of their sockets in pursuit of you."
" Well, for fear he should really come back and claim
the plunder, let's divide it and appropriate it to our
own use while we possess it," answered Tinklepaugh.
" Good ! " answered Weston ; " reach me those bonds,
and let me count them."
The bonds were counted and found to foot up forty
136 Kvr-Klux Klan No. Jfi.
" Forty thousand ! " ejaculated Weston. " A royal
gift, indeed. How shall we divide them?"
" Equally, of course," answered Tinklepaugh. " One
suggested and planned, and the other executed. An
equal division is equitable."
" That is twenty thousand each," said "Weston, eye-
ing the bonds with the cupidity of a Jew. " And how
much is there of the gold ? "
" Count it," answered Tinklepaugh.
" Ten thousand," said Weston after he had arranged
it, in stacks of one hundred dollars each, on the table.
" Yes," answered Tinklepaugh ; " there were a few
hundred dollars over, but I had to divide that among
the band of black mercenaries, who relieved old Fontell
while I hunted up the skids."
"You were very liberal with them," suggested Wes-
ton. " I wonder that they would consent to receive so
small a share out of so large a pile."
"As to the amount," answered Tinklepaugh, "they
had no idea of that, for I kept the whole thing care-
fully concealed, and left them under the impression
that I had made an equal division with them. And as
for my liberality, my only fear is that I have been too
"And why so?"
" Why," answered Tinklepaugh, " you know it would
never do for a negro to have a large sum of money
about him. The fool couldn't keep it, if it represented
his soul's salvation, and to spend it would create sus-
" I admire your shrewdness," answered Weston, " as
The Two Villains Meet Again. 137
well as your disposition to take care of number one."
"And number two,^'' suggested Tinklepaugh, pointing
" Yes, and ' number two,' answered Weston. " I sup-
pose I am ' number two' in this game, and your division
with me has been made with the magnanimity of a
" I was indebted to you, though, for the suggestion of
Old Stingy Jap's name. I had long desired to stir up
the public mind with some blood-curdling spectacle,
but I had never thought of filling my empty pockets at
the same time. Why, if it had not been for the hint
received from you, I might have swooped down upon
some beggar Republican, and got nothing for my pains.
Nobody like a lawyer for killing two birds with one
" Well, we will not discuss our relative merits in the
transaction," said Weston ; " for business of more im-
portance demands our attention. We have accom-
plished only half our object, you know."
" Yes, and this money must be devoted to the fur-
therance of our schemes and the benefit of the party,"
"And the bonds for our own pleasure and individual
promotion," said Weston, as he imitated his crafty
friend by carefully placing the bonds in the bottom of
a little box (which Tinklepaugh had taken the pre-
caution to provide) and piled the gold on top of them.
" Why, your heart seems to be as much set on the
bonds as Uncle Ben's is on the forty acres and the
mule !" laughed Tinklepaugh.
138 Kv^Klux Klom No. IfO.
"With this difference," answered Weston, with an
avaricious smile : "that I have acquired, in a reasonable
measure, the object of my desire, while Uncle Ben will
never realize any portion of his."
"Poor credulous darkies !" said Tinklepaugh, feigning
a sympathy he never really felt ; " they can be gulled
into doing almost anything ; and, yet, I fear that a good
many of them are beginning to lose faith in the prom-
ises of 1868, like Uncle Ben, and that we will have to
invent some new scheme to preserve the full strength
of that race for our party in the coming election."
"Keep telling them that the Democrats will reduce
them to slavery again, if they obtain control of the gov-
ernment," answered Weston, " The negro is naturally
timid, and the idea is to play upon his fears. I tell you
if we will only play that racket properly, there is not
one of them that will ever vote the Democratic ticket,
so long as a living one of them can show the marks of
the lash on his back. It beats the cry of the forty
acres and the mule all to pieces."
"That is the idea I have been insisting upon for
some time," answered Tinklepaugh, " and I shall adopt
that policy in the Westville Bepublicany
" No, I doubt the wisdom of proclaiming any such
absurdity in public print," answered Weston. " Every
body who has intelligence enough to read a newspaper
knows that slavery is dead, and will have sense enough
to see that the issue is kept alive solely for partisan
purposes, and I think it would be bad policy to charge,
publicly, that tbne Democrats would reduce the negro to
slavery if raised to political power. Let that he done
The Two Villams Meet Agaim,. 139
secretly, in Union Leagues and at their churches and
"Ah, I see your ideas are correct, and that I shall
need your counsel in shaping the policy of the paper,"
answered Tinklepaugh. " But what about the mechan-
ical part of the work and the press and fixtures ? Have
these things been provided ?"
" Everything is in readiness, as I promised you it
should be," answered Weston. " I ordered a press and
outfit immediately after leaving 3'^ou, the other day, and
received a letter yesterday evening, saying they would
surely reach here to-morrow morning, and two compe-
tent printers have already arrived from "Washington."
" Then I must proceed at once with the preparation
of the subject-matter of the first issue," said Tinkle-
" Yes," answered Weston, " but, first, we must pre-
pare and send off a telegram to Northern daily jour-
nals, giving an account of the latest and most horrible
"Another good idea !" said Tinklepaugh. "Let those
great metropolitan journals horrify the public mind
with daily accounts of the frightful scene, and the
Westville Republican, next Wednesday, will confirm
the story by giving all the ghastly details."
So the two villains concocted and telegraphed the
following frightful story, which appeared next morn-
ing in all the great newspapers of the day, in this form :
140 Kv^Klux Klan No. k-O.
" Murder Most Foul !
"^ Reign of Terror in the South!
"Last night at midnight there was committed, in West
county, one of the most horrible murders ever known
in the annals of crime. A band of over five hundred
murderous Ku-Klux, disguised and armed to the teeth,
rode boldly through the streets of the town of West-
ville, just as the town clock was striking the hour of
twelve, and proceeded to the home of Mr. Jasper Fon-
tell, an aged and respectable citizen of the county, who
lived only one mile from town, and there they hung,
to a limb of a tree in the yard, this aged and venerable
citizen until he was dead. Mr. Fontell was a wealthy
and influential citizen, and lived alone in a magnificent
mansion, near the public road leading out from the
town of Westville, his beloved wife having died several
years ago, leaving no children. He was quiet and un-
obtrusive in his habits, and charitable almost to a fault ;
indeed, his home was a veritable alms-house, from which
the needy and oppressed were never turned away com-
fortless. His sympathies, notwithstanding his great
wealth and high social position, were ever with the
lowly and humble ; and, indeed, the whole record of
his life leaves no other conjecture as to the cause of
his death but that he had incurred the enmity of the
Ku-Klux, because he persisted in voting the Kepublican
ticket. Heretofore, the victims of Ku-Klux outrages
have been the weak, the ignorant and the helpless ;
but, in this instance, they have selected as their victim
a man who was conspicuous for his possession and ex-
The Two Villains Meet Again. 141
ercise of all the virtues that contribute to make true
manhood, and his violent death shows only too plainly
the inveterate malignity of the Ku-Klux toward all
those, of whatever caste, who vote the Eepublican
ticket. Mr. Fontell was certainly murdered for his
political opinions. No other cause is assigned for the
dastardly deed ; no one has attempted to assign any
other. The Ku-Klux, themselves, boast of their crime,
and swear vengeance against all Kepublicans, white
" How long, O Lord ! how long, shall organized law-
lessness stalk through the land unmolested and unop-
posed ? How many more victims must be offered up,
as martyrs to the cause of liberty and good govern-
ment, before the ear of this great Republic will listen
to the wail of distress? How much longer will the
Governor of that great State sit idle in the executive
chair and see the good citizens of his State, whom he
has sworn to protect, butchered like dogs, and hung
like felons, while the perpetrators of such deeds escape
unpunished, and defy his authority?
" There is in the South, to-day, especially in certain
districts, a reign of terror unequalled by anything con-
nected with the French Revolution. Citizens are arm-
ing themselves, but they are powerless to cope with the
members of a secret organization, who take good men
out of their beds and hang them in front of their own
doors, simply because they are suspected of being in
sympathy with the Republican party ; and still the gov-
ernment looks complacently on, and not a finger is
lifted to stay the hand of violence. How long shall
these things continue ? "
142 Kv^Klux Klan No. Ifi.
The " Battle of Bullets " ceased with the downfall of
the Southern Confederacy in 1865 ; the " Battle of Bal-
lots " began with the political ascendency of the negro,
when he first exercised his right of suffrage, in 1867.
Only two short years elapsed, from the time the mana-
cles of slavery were finally shaken from the negro's an-
kles, until he stood before the world the proud possessor
of all the dignity and insignia of rank enjoyed by sover-
eign citizens under the grandest republican government
the world ever knew — until he stood, side by side, with
his late master, his equal in every respect under the
law. No such political metamorphosis of an enslaved
race had ever occurred before in the history of the
world ; and statesmen, who remembered the lessons of
history, beginning with the lesson taught by the com-
pulsory sojourn of the Israelites in the wilderness for
forty years, in order to prepare them for the duties of
citizenship, looked on with horror and prophesied dis-
aster. The radical reconstructionists of the ISTorth
declared it to be the duty of the general government
to protect the emancipated slaves — either by direct gov-
ernmental interference, or, by enabling them to protect
themselves, by giving them the means of local self-
government; and with this plea, they attempted to jus-
tify their haste in clothing the negro with the ballot ;
while, on the other hand, those who knew the negro
best, and feared his incapacity for self-government,
became alarmed at the situation, and declared that
Congress had made a mistake — that it ought to have
waited until the negro should demonstrate his fitness
for citizenship. It must be remembered, too, that the
same act of Congress which gave the negro the ballot,
deprived, by its unjust and iniquitous provisions, many
thousands of white citizens of their elective franchise.
The prophecy of Southern statesmen was soon veri-
fied — negro voters became nothing more than tools
in the hands of unprincipled politicians, who used
them for their own self-aggrandisement. It has been
said that a ballot falls —
"As snow-flakes fall upon the sod ;
But executes a freeman's will
As lightning does the will of God."
But ballots deposited by negro voters simply executed
the will of the political satraps and adventurers, who
directed them how to vote, and the voters themselves,
in many instances, never even knew for whom or what
they voted. A swarm of unprincipled carpet-baggers
and scalawags took possession of Southern State gov-
ernments, and the storm-swept and blood-drenched
South became a platform of unbridled speculation and
a pasture land for unprincipled greed, and the halls of
the Legislatures dens of thieves. With one hand, they
pointed to the black pictures and horrifying recitals of
the wrongs and outrages, alleged to have been commit-
ted by the Ku-Klux, and, with the other, they reached
deep down into the treasuries of the different States
144 Kv^Klux Klan No. J4.O.
and took out and squandered hundreds of thousands
of dollars of the people's money. Honest men wrung
their hands in anguish, and cried out in despair :
"A Roman sworder and banditte slaves
Murdered sweet TuUy ; Brutus' bastard hand
Stabbed Julius Cfesar ; savage islanders
Pompey the Great ; and Suffolk dies by pirates."
Ku-Kluxism became a distaff and wheel upon which
resident demagogues of the carpet-bagger stripe spun
an endless thread of falsehood, and the warp and woof
thus furnished were woven into a cloth by Northern
newspapers that was used to cover and hide many of
the political sins of reconstruction.
Of all those who turned the wheel and spun the
threads of misrepresentation, which were woven into a
web of lies by these Northern outrage looms, none
worked more assiduously or effectively than the two
murderers of "Old Stingy Jap." The story of that crime
as telegraphed by these two little villains, and embel-
lished by the imagination of the weavers at the afore-
said looms, sent a thrill of terror throughout the coun-
tr}^, and so startled the Governor that he instantly pro-
claimed West county to be in a state of insurrection.
Martial law was established in the county, and a com-
pany of mixed troops, under the immediate command
of Captain Crawford Tellef son, was stationed at West-
Captain Tellefson was a tall, gawky, clownish, lout-
ish scoundrel, against whom the Almighty had warned
the people by creating him cross-eyed, and as his name
was a little difficult to pronounce by the io^norant troops
under his command, these motley ragamuffins had dub-
bed him " Cross-eyed Telf ," a name which soon become
a terror to every good citizen in West county.
Cross-eyed Telf soon formed an intimate acquaintance
with Weston and Tinklepaugh, whom he regarded as
the oracles of all wisdom, and these little scoundrels,
finding a congenial spirit in Cross-eyed Telf, cultivated
him for all he was worth, and made him the instru-
ment by whicii many of their most wicked schemes
He established his quarters in the court-house, and
converted all the offices in that temple of justice into
barracks for his mercenaries, and the main court-room
into a prison for his victims. The room usually occu-
pied b}'^ the grand jury was reserved for a wine-room, in
which was kept, not wine in fact, but the meanest kind
of that distilled hell-broth, commonly known in the
western counties as "moonshine," which meant (this
explanation is for the benefit of the unsophisticated)
whiskey that had escaped the vigilance of those revenue
officers, properly designated as Deputy Marshals ; but
known, in mountain nomenclature, as " bung-smellers."
The first dutj'' Cross-eyed Telf felt it incumbent upon
him to perform, was to ferret out and have punished,
the murderers of Old Stingy Jap, who had been pro-
claimed to the world as a martyr to the cause of liberty,
and had been cononized as a political saint; and in
this, as in all other things, he received the assistance
and counsel of the district Solicitor, whose official duty
it was to prosecute all offenders.
" This is a case, Captain Tellefson, that, so far, has
146 Kio-Klux Klcm No. W.
baffled my skill, both as a detective and as a lawyer,"
said Weston, a few mornings after the arrival of the
troops, to Cross-eyed Telf, who had come to consult one
of the oracles. "Immediately upon receiving the first
news of the terrible tragedy, I hastened to the scene of
the murder, and took the precaution to hold a secret
inquest before the coroner ; but no facts were developed,
except that the crime was committed by armed Ku-
Klux in disguise."
"And who were the witnesses that testified to even
these few isolated facts?" asked Cross-eyed Telf, look-
ing abstractedly out of the window of Weston's office, as
he (Weston) thought, but in reality directly at Weston.
" Oh, there were quite a number of them," answered
Weston, " and even those who were ardent Democrats
admitted that the men wore genuine Ku-Klux dis-
guises. IS^one of the witnesses actually saw the mur-
der committed, for they were afraid to follow the band
of assassins, but they saw them on the road to and
from the house of Mr. Fontell."
" And did none of them observe any peculiarities of
size or form, by which some of the murderers could be
identified ? " asked Crossed-eyed Telf.
" None of them," answered Weston.
" Then, it seems to me, that the clue is a very slight
one," said Cross-eyed Telf."
" Yery slight, indeed," answered Weston. " We have
only the two segregate facts that the crime was com-
mitted by the Ku-Klux, and that there is a den of them
in the community known as Klan No. 40."
"And do you not know the members of that den?"
asked Cross-eyed Telf, again looking straight at Wes-
ton ; but, as that worthy thought, directly out of the
" Yes, and that is another item I had forgotten,"
" Aha ! and an important one, too," answered Cross-
eyed Telf, with a malicious wink, which Weston failed
to observe, thinking he was still looking out of the
window. " We have, then, three important facts estab-
lished : First, that the crime was committed by the Ku-
Klux ; second, there is a den of these cut-throats in the
community ; and third, the names of the members of
this den are known. It seems to me there is sufficient
evidence to justify arrests."
" But whom shall we arrest ? " asked Weston. " There
are more than a hundred members of the den, I am
told, and the highest number on the raid at Fontell's,
as testified to by the witnesses, was placed at forty,
and we have no evidence to implicate any particular
ones as constituting the forty."
" Oh, we are not in your civil courts just now," an-
swered Cross-eyed Telf, "In your civil courts, you
must have an investigation before a grand jury, and
the charge in the presentment must be there sustained
by proof, and then follows, I believe, a bill of indict-
ment, and upon that a capias issues for the arrest of the
offender ; but martial law is not encumbered and ham-
pered by so much red tape. But your civil courts have
played out, now, and my orders constitute the law in
" What, then, do you propose to do ? " asked Weston.
" Why, I propose to arrest some of the most timid
148 Ku-Klux Klan No. ^0.
of the members of the Klan, and extort a confession
from them," answered Cross-eyed Telf.
" A good idea," said "Weston. " You see I am rather
green in military tactics. The idea of wrenching a
confession out of them by torture, had not occurred
" Give me the names of some of the members," said
Cross-eyed Telf, " and I will attend to them to-night."
Weston took out of his pocket a list of the members
of the Klan, which had been secured by Tinklepaugh,
and handed it to Cross-eyed Telf. The truth is, that he
and Tinklepaugh had alread\^ planned to have these
arrests made, in case the county should be placed under
military authority ; and Tinklepaugh had already sug-
gested the plan to Cross-eyed Telf, but Weston pre-
tended to have learned it from Tellefson. The list
included, among others, the names of Major Wyland,
Albert Seaton, Samuel Washburn, John Latham and
Henry Worthel, whom the reader already knows.
No sooner had the curtains of night spread them-
selves over the horror-stricken town, admonishing those
who were weary with the toils and excitements of the
day that it was time to retire to rest, than a squad of
five mercenaries were detailed by Cross-eyed Telf to go
to the house of John Latham, and arrest him and bring
him before that military satrap. The heavy tread of
Dick Madison, the big negro preacher and crier in
Judge Farwell's court, aroused every inmate of the
house, by the time he had crossed the front piazza and
reached the door, and it is needless to add that Mrs.
Latham was very much frightened by the appearance
of so many persons, as the noise they made indicated,
at such an unseasonable hour.
" Who is there ? " asked John Latham, in answer to
the knock with the ponderous fist of the burly preacher,
"Some sojers, wid a message from Capting Telf,"
answered the stentorian voice of the negro preacher.
•' And what do you want ? "
"We want yo' to come an' go wid us to see de Cap-
ting," answered Dick.
" And what business has he sending for folks at this
unusual hour ? " asked John. " Why couldn't he at-
tend to such matters in the day time ? "
" I dunno dat," answered Dick. " He jes' said fer
us to fetch ye along, an' I guess yer better come wid
" Surely, you do not mean to arrest me and take me,
whether I choose to go or not," said John, beginning
to think seriously of the situation.
" Dem's de words he said," answered Dick, " to arrest
ye, and fetch ye anyhow."
At this announcement a scream proceeded from
Mrs. Latham's room, and John rushed back to her
room door to reassure and comfort his mother.
"No, no, you must not go; they will kill you,"
moaned Mrs. Latham, clinging to her only child, and
clad only in her night attire. " A fearful presentiment
of evil has taken possession of me, already. Please
don't leave me, my dear, darling boy."
" But, mother, they will burst down the door and
take me, anyway," said John, kissing his frightened
mother affectionately, " and it will be better for me to
150 Ku-Klux Klan No. JfO.
" Oh, no. my child, you must not go.'' sobbed the
poor mother. "' They will kill you, I know they will.
"We must barricade the door and not let them in."
"But. mother, we can't barricade the door," an-
swered John despairingly. " Don't you hear their mas-
sive forms against the door already ?"
" Yes, but I will place against it all the affections of
a mother's heart for her only child," answered Mrs.
Latham, still clinging to the neck of her son. " Surely,
God will not let them take mv onlv child and kill him !"
" Look here, old woman." came the gruff voice of a
white man from the outside; "we've stood out here
and listened to that foolishness long enough. Open this
here door, or we'll bust it down, and take you along,
too, and hang you with your darling boy , as a female
Ku-Klux. I guess the boy inherited some of his mean-
ness from you, anyway, and it would be nothin' but
right to swing you up with him."
At this Mrs. Latham fainted, and after placing her
gently on a sofa in the room and partially restoring her
to consciousness. John opened the door to prevent the
outlaws on the outside from tearing it off the hino-es.
"Gentlemen, you see the condition I am in," said
John, as four white men, headed by Dick Madison, came
rushing into the room. '* My mother has fainted, and I
have not yet been able to fully restore her to conscious-
"Well, what have we got to do with that matter?"
asked the same grim-visaged white monster who had
spoken before. " We didn't want the old woman, in
particular ; and, besides, we are not physicians, and if
the old hag wants to faint why, let her to do it."
" Don't call my mother a hag ! " said John, striking
the defamer a blow between the eyes, which sent him
whirling across the room.
" D — n you ! I'll pay you for that," growled the
shaggy-whiskered soldier, as he picked himself up and
hurried back to where John was bending over his poor
mother. "Bind him, boys, and let's take him to the
Captain and tell him the d — d Ku-Klux struck one of
his men. Old Cross-eyed Telf will fix him, I'll war-
" Surely, Dick," said John, appealing to the only one
in the crowd whom he recognized, "you are not going
to force me to leave my mother in that condition,"
and he pointed as he spoke to the prostrate form on
" I'se got nothin' ter do wid it," answered Dick. " I
simply obeys my orders, dat's all."
" But you can prevail on them to wait with me until
mother recovers," answered John.
"No, he can't," said the shaggy-bearded rascal, whom
John had just knocked down, as he proceeded to tie a
rope around John's neck.
" Cross-eyed Telf told us to tie you, if you proved
obstreperous, and I reckon he meant for us to prepare
you for hangin', for that's what we'll do with you — at
least if I have my way about it."
Just as they were leading John out of the room-door,
with the rope fastened about his neck, Mrs. Latham
recovered consciousness, and seeing her poor boy led
152 Kn^Klux Klan No. Jfi.
away by a rope, she uttered another wild scream and
fainted again. This time the neighbors were aroused
by the noise, and came hurrying in, to find Mrs. Latham
lying in a swoon upon the floor, to which she had tum-
bled off the sofa, and no one else about the house. Ee-
storatives were hastily sent for and applied, and she
soon regained her senses enough to moan bitterly, " Oh,
my poor boy, my poor darling boy ! They have killed
him ! They have murdered him ! They have hung
him to a tree !"
This was all the neighbors could induce her to say
during the whole of the remainder of the night, as she
lay tossing on the bed in a delirium of suffering it was
painful to see. They could only guess from this that
something terrible had happened to John, but what it
was, or where he had gone, they tried in vain to learn.
"Aha ! I see they had to tie you to induce you to
come with them," said Cross-eyed Telf, as the five sol-
diers appeared, leading John Latham by the rope
around his neck.
" Yes," answered Husky Diggs, " and the d — d Ku-
Klux showed fight. He actually struck me. See here!"
and Husky Diggs pointed his Captain to the knot be-
tween his e^'es.
Husky Diggs was a short, stout, low-browed, shaggy-
whiskered scoundrel, and as he was a fair specimen of
the ragamuifin mercenaries whom the Governor hired
and placed under the command of the notorious bandit,
Cross-eyed Telf, to maltreat the good citizens of West
county and help carry the election of 1870, I will not
attempt to describe any more of them, but will let this
summary description of Husky Diggs suffice for the
whole crew. He was called " Husky Diggs " because his
voice was low and husky, but what his real given name
was, I have never taken the trouble to inquire. He
was as profane, vulgar, dirty, lousy and dishonest as the
average member of the motley company commanded
by Cross-eyed Telf, and that is saying a great deal to
those who lived in West county and remember the
stirring times of 1870.
"And the young Ku-Klux rascal resisted by force,
did he?" said Cross-eyed Telf, surveying the handsome
young fellow critically, though John Latham, like Wes-
ton, thought all the time he was lookiug in another
direction. " I guess we will be able to teach you a lit-
tle better manners than that before you reach home
" I am ready to return at once," answered John,
boldly. " I left my mother critically ill and I wish to
be allowed to return to her assistance."
" Oh, don't be in too great a hurry," answered Cross-
eyed Telf. "As I have just said, we wish to teach you
a little good manners, and will be obliged to detain
you awhile for that purpose."
" I suppose I can, at least, be informed of the cause
of my arrest ?" said John, looking straight at the man,
who, it seemed, never returned the look.
"Oh, certainly," answered Cross-eyed Telf. "You
are arrested for the murder of Mr. Jasper Fontell !"
John's face blanched, but only for a moment.
" I know nothing about the death of Mr. Fontell,"
he answered, " and you have undoubtedly arrested the
154 Kv^Klux Klan No. J^O.
wrong man, and with thts assurance I hope you will
release me, and let me return to my mother."
" Oh, just hold on a minute," answered Cross-eyed
Telf. " Perhaps we can prove a little more against
you than you anticipate ; don't be in too great a hurry,
I tell you again."
" Then, I have to say that any evidence connecting
me with that unfortunate affair is false," said John,
looking boldly at the awkward being before him.
"And even if we should admit that," answered Cross-
eyed Telf, what can you say as to the guilt of others?"
" I have no information as to the perpetrators of
that horrible crime," answered John.
" Perhaps you know, but refuse to tell," said Cross -
" I tell you, positively, I know nothing in the world
about the murder," answered John.
"Do vou not belong to Ku-Klux-Klan JS'o. 40?"
asked Cross-eyed Telf.
For the first time John faltered and hesitated.
" Oh, we have the proof positive against you on that
score," said Cross-eyed Telf, "and there is no use in
trying to deny your connection with the Klan."
" Then, there can be no necessity for making me con-
fess it," answered John.
" You might show, by answering it in the affirma-
tive, that you were willing to confess the truth," an-
swered Cross-eyed Telf. " I see you try to prevaricate,
and I suppose we would better stop that foolishness at
once. I tell you, I have sent for you for the purpose
of finding out the murderers of Mr. Jasper Fontell^
and you had just as well out with it at once."
" I repeat that I know nothing about the matter,"
" You lie about that," answered Cross-eyed Telf.
" you know all about it, and I want you to understand,
now, that I am going to make you disclose the facts
before I turn you loose. I will try you by court-mar-
tial and hang you for the murder yourself, or make
" And if you should convict me, it would be on per-
jured testimony, ' answered John, " for I tell you I have
no idea who committed the crime, and have nothing
to confess as against myself, and no testimony to give
" I just now told you that was a lie !" answered Cross-
eyed Telf, emphatically, " and I don't want to hear it
"Husky Diggs," said Cross-eyed Telf, after a few
moments' reflection, " adjust the rope a little tighter
around this young man's neck, and you and the others
who brought him here, follow me to the woods and we
will make him disgorge or pay the penalty himself."
Then again this proud and handsome young man was
led, like a dog, through the streets of his native town,
and none dared to interfere and lift a hand to release
him, for fear of the military mob in charge of him. It
is true, at this late hour the streets were completely
deserted, for a panic of fear had settled on the inhabi-
tants, and everybody retired behind barred doors as
soon as night set in. On ordinary occasions, a sin-
gle cry of distress from him would have brought the
whole town to his rescue ; but now it was useless, and
156 Kvr-Khix Klam, No. J^O.
in fact dangerous to make an alarm, for all were power-
less to help.
Arrived at the woods, the rope was thrown over a
limb of a tree and John was asked if he was then
ready to tell about the murder of Fontell.
" I tell you, again, I have nothing to disclose," an-
" Swing him up ! " ordered Cross-eyed Telf, and Hus-
key Diggs, assisted by the reverend Dick Madison and
the others, drew him slowly up to about three feet
above the ground.
The fearful contortions of his face and limbs, as he
struggled and strangled there in the air, as seen even
by the gentle light of the stars, were enough to have
softened the heart of a demon, but his inhuman tor-
turers looked on as complacently as if they were doing
him an act of real kindness.
Cross-eyed Telf struck a match and looked at the
young man's face carefully for a moment, and then, as
he saw his face growing purple, the order was given to
let him down. Restoratives had been prepared and
were applied freely ; and, yet, it was fully five minutes
before the young man showed signs of returning life,
and fully a quarter of an hour before he attempted to
"Now tell us who killed old Fontell," demanded Cross-
eyed Telf, as soon as the young man could utter a word.
" Don't know," he gasped feebly, grabbing his lac-
erated throat as he spoke.
" You lie, you d — n Ku-Klux !" growled Cross-eyed
Telf in reply. " I tell you, I am going to have this
thing out of you or leave your body swinging to this
" Don't kill me," he gasped again ; " I don't know."
" Swing him up again !" ordered Cross-eyed Telf, and
Husky Diggs again pulled him on his feet.
" Now, are you ready to tell us ?" was again demanded
before suspending him from the ground.
"I have nothing to tell," answered John, and again
Husky Diggs pulled the rope.
Poor John was too much exhausted to make any ef-
fort to extricate himself this time, and he hung for a
few moments limp and motionless.
Cross-eved Telf struck another match and looked at
" Down, you blundering idiots !" he shouted ; " I be-
lieve he is dead !"
The rope was quickly unfastened from about his neck,
and he was stretched at full length upon the ground.
The restoratives were again applied, and he was rubbed
vigorously, but all in vain. His eyes rolled back and
became set in their sockets; his lips murmured the
name, that to the last moment of his life thrilled his
heart, " Minnie," and then his under jaw dropped, and
he was dead !
For a few minutes the murderers stood gazing at the
lifeless form before them in mute astonishment. They
had not intended to kill him, and were horror-struck
at their blunder. At last the heartless Husky Diggs
broke the silence.
" My God ! it seemed that the young Ku-Klux died
" Yes, you d — n scoundrel," answered Cross-eyed
158 Ku-Klux Klan No. UO.
Telf ; " you had that rope tied too tight, and I believe you
did it on purpose, because he struck you when arrested."
" Oh, no, I didn't. Captain," answered Husky Diggs'
beginning to quake with guilty fear ; " I simply tight-
ened it when you told me to, before leaving town."
The Captain remembered that this was so, and so
said nothing in reply.
" Gentlemen," said Dick Madison, after a long pause,
"it 'pears ter me we're in a fix. What er we gwine ter
do wid him, now ?"
" Why, bury him, of course, you black idiot !" said
Husky Diggs. " You don't suppose we are going to
publish our blunder in the newspapers, do you ?"
" jSTo, I didn't 'spose dat," answered Dick ; " but I
tell you it's er mighty risky bizness we're in, if his
mudder ever comes to, an' 'members who it was dat
took him away."
" You are right about that, Dick," said Cross-eyed
Telf, " and I propose to return to town and get counsel
on this matter before doing anything about it."
Accordingly they all hastened back into Westville,
Husky Diggs and the others returning to their barracks
as if nothing unusual had happened, while Cross-eyed
Telf proceeded immediately to Weston's room at the
" Hello, this is a timely visit," said Weston, as he
opened his room-door in answer to the announcement
of the name of Captain Tellefson on the outside.
" What in the world can be the matter ?"
" Matter enough," answered Cross-eyed Telf, as he
pushed his way into the room. " We've killed the young
" Who r
" John Latham."
" Why," answered Cross-eyed Telf, " we undertook
to torture him, by hanging, and to make him give us
the names of the murderers of Mr, Fontell, and we let
him hang too long and killed him. I half believe,
though, that Husky Diggs made the rope too tight on
"Any reason for believing so?" asked Weston.
" Yes, they said Latham struck him when first ar-
""Very likely, then," answered Weston; "but what
are you going to do with the dead man ?"
" That is exactly what I have come to ask you," an-
swered Cross-eyed Telf. " We left him lying on the
ground under the tree, where we hung him, for the
" Very good," answered Weston, " and is that in the
" Yes," answered Cross-eyed Telf, " about forty yards
from the road."
"And did anybody else know you had him out?"
" His mother, and perhaps others, know that he was
taken to my quarters at the court-house," answered
Cross-eyed Telf ; " but I hardly think anyone knows
about our taking him to the woods or torturing him."
Weston turned the light in his lamp a little higher,
as if he hoped to brighten his mental as well as physi-
cal vision and answered, after a few moments' reflec-
tion : " That is all right. Now let me tell you what
to do : Go back and hide the body until to-morrow
160 Kv^Klux Klan No. W-
night, and then hang it to a limb near enough to the road
for him to be discovered next day. In the meantime,
to-morrow, tell only a few reliable men that young
Latham peached on the Ku-Klux, and told you who
the murderers of Old Fontell were. N'ext day, when his
body is discovered hanging to a tree, it will be an easy
matter to say that he was hanged by the Ku-Klux for
disclosing their secrets and giving away the slayers of
" That is a capital idea," answered Cross-eyed Telf,
" and worthy of a lawyer. But how shall we account
for his absence during the day, to-morrow?"
" Oh, that is easy enough, too," answered Weston.
" Tell these same reliable persons, that certain mem-
bers of Klan No. 40 secretly followed young Latham
when he was first arrested, and overheard the conversa-
tion in which he gave the names of Fontell's murderers,
and that, on discovering the eavesdroppers, he hid him-
self in the woods during the next day, fearing the vio-
lence that finally overtook him, and that the Ku-Klux
found him next night (to-morrow night now) and hung
him for peaching on them. Mind, you must let it be
known to-morrow that he is in hiding in the woods,
and you might have one of your own reliables to see
him during the da}'^ and converse with him in the woods.
This will help substantiate the theory that he was
killed by the Ku-Klux a night later."
Crossed-eved Telf was so delighted with Weston's
shrewd solution of the difl&culty that his eyes, which
had never been properly set in his head, fairly danced
with glee, and he left the room with many protesta-
tions of his admiration for his adviser and appreciation
of his kindness. It was now much past midnight, and
Crossed-ej^ed Telf hurriedly commissioned Husky Diggs
and the others who had participated in the murder of
Latham, to go back and conceal the body carefully
until next night.
" Aha ! " muttered Weston to himself, as he extin-
guished the light in his room and retired again to bed,
" the caldron begins to boil more violently than I ex-
pected ; but trust me to keep it stirred. I must see
Tinklepaugh in the morning."
All next day Mrs. Latham lay deliriously tossing to
and fro on her bed, and muttering the name of her
boy. Her language was so incoherent that the neigh-
bors and friends who had gathered in to minister to
her wants were still unable to form any definite idea
as to the fate of the young man ; and, consequently, on
the following day when his body was found suspended
to a limb in the woods, and it was reported that the
Ku-Klux had killed him for giving away their secrets,
these same friends very rationally concluded that Mrs.
Latham's unintelligible mutterings referred to the
seizure of the young man by the Ku-Klux. The human
mind takes great delight in solving the mysterious, and
if only a slight clue is furnished as a starting point,
every person you meet adds what, in his opinion, is a
ray of light, if not a complete solution of the whole
problem. Hence it was that Mrs. Latham's friends
took great delight in confirming the report that John
Latham was hanged by the Ku-Klux ; and the report
was soon current, and it was generally believed, that
Mrs. Latham herself had said that the Ku-Klux took
162 Ku-Klux Klan No. Jfi.
Such a state of excitement was never before known
in the whole community, nor, indeed, in the State. The
whole structure of society was heaved to its deepest
depths, and fear seized the stoutest hearts. John
Latham's death following so closely that of Jasper
Fontell, and being, according to current rumor, so
intimately connected with it, sent a thrill of terror into
the heart of every man, woman and child in the com-
munity, and made them quake with fear.
This atrocious crime furnished the material out of
which the two little villains spun another lengthy thread
of falsehood, which was immediately sent to the afore-
said Northern looms, and by them woven into a black
cloth of misrepresentation. And members of both
branches of Congress, and others still higher in the
councils of the nation, made themselves garments of
this cloth, and wore them in the discharge of their
official duties. Judges of courts made their official
robes out of it, and flaunted them in the faces of liti-
gants. Yerily, truth was crushed to earth.
The following is an account of the death of John
Latham, as it appeared in the Westville Republican^
edited by the noble Peter Tinklepaugh :
"AlSrOTHEK KU-KLUX MURDER!
"Anarchy Reigns Supreme in West County!
" The State Militia Powerless to Protect Citizens !
" THE AID of federal TROOPS A NECESSITY !
"Early yesterday morning the lifeless body of Mr.
John Latham was found swinging to a limb of a tree
near the public road leading into the town of Westville
from Kenneth Grove. The murder of Mr. Latham is
evidently a sequel to the hanging of Mr. Jasper Fontell,
that occurred only a few days ago, the excitement over
which had not subsided when the community was
again startled by the report of this last Ku-Klux out-
"It was generally believed, indeed, it was not doubted,
that the Ku-Klux were responsible for the untimely
death of Mr. Fontell, and it now appears that the mur-
der of Mr. Latham forms another link in the chain of
evidence connecting that lawless organization with the
former outrage. We have it on reliable authority that
Mr. Latham had become so conscience-stricken over the
murder of Mr. Fontell by the Klan to which he, Latham,
belonged that he turned informer, and that he was mur-
dered by the Klan for disclosing its secrets. Mr.
Latham, we are informed, was not an actual participant
in the hanging of Mr. Fontell ; indeed, it seems he was
too upright and conscientious to be guilty of such a
horrible crime, but he belonged to the Klan, and was
in possession of the fatal secret, and because he was too
honest to keep secret the bloody work of the lawless
assassins and thereby partake of their guilt, he lost his
" The murder of this young man, simply because he
was too good to be a murderer himself, makes the na-
ture of the crime so shocking that we forbear to offer
any comment, not being able to do the subject justice.
"Anarchy reigns supreme in this county, and the State
troops are utterly powerless to deal with the situation.
164 Kvr-Klux Klcm No. W-
" Citizens are hanged like felons for their political
opinions, and those who refuse to protect the murderers
share the same fate. Ku-Kluxism is the legitimate
off-spring of the rebellion, and is the climax of anarchy.
" This last Ku-Klux murder, committed as it was al-
most in the very shadow of the court-house in which
the State troops are stationed, shows that our State
militia is inadequate to deal with the powerful Klan,
and that nothing can stay the bloody hand of lawless-
ness in our midst except the interference of the general
government. It seems to us that if the President longer
delays sending Federal troops to this distracted county
he ought to be held morally responsible for the bloody
work of the Ku-Klux."
The Klan Meets. 165
THE KLAN MEETS.
On the evening succeeding the funeral of John Latham,
the Klan had a called meeting for the purpose of con-
sidering the charges of murder preferred against the
members of the Klan by the spinners and weavers in
charge of the outrage looms, and, as these charges in-
volved the safety as well as the honor of the members,
there was a full attendance. The meeting, however,
was an informal one, the investigation of the charges
not coming under any head of routine business, so the
rigid rules of debate prescribed and adopted by the
Klan were suspended, and consequently all the mem-
bers participated freely, in the discussion, in conversa-
" Gentlemen," said Major Wyland, who was seated
on a rude slab, " we all know that the charge that mem-
bers of this Klan committed these two murders is abso-
lutely false, but the accusation is seriously made by our
enemies, and, as it has been acted upon by those high
in authority, as shown by the declaration of the Gov-
ernor that this county is in a state of insurrection, I
think it is incumbent upon us to repel the charge, and
furnish proof of our innocence."
" I thought you lawyers had a rule that no one is re-
quired to produce evidence of his innocence until he is
indicted and there is some evidence of his guilt," said
"And so we have," answered Major "Wyland ; " but
in this case we have not only been already indicted,
166 K'w-Klux Klan No. Ji.0.
but we have actually been convicted, and that, too,
without being allowed a day in court."
"I had not thought of that," answered Sam, "and,
yet, it is only too true for us to feel comfortable over
" Yes, and if they can go that far without making
any investigation as to the truth of the charges, it may
be that they will actually indict us in court," said Henry
" No, I do not apprehend an)^ trouble of that kind,"
answered Major Wyland ; "and, yet, for myself, I can
say that I would welcome such an indictment, because
it would furnish me an opportunity to vindicate my
"And, yet, the murderers of Old Stingy Jap cun-
ningly devised a scheme that furnishes some suspicious
evidence against us," said Albert Seaton.
"The wretches were simply after his money," an-
" That is very evident," said Major Wyland, " and,
yet, as Albert says, their scheme was deeply laid, and
the circumstances and surroundings furnish to those
who know nothing about the Ku-Klux some strong evi-
dence against the Klan."
" But everybody knows Old Stingy Jap was not an
offensive partisan," answered Sam, " and there could
have been no object in killing him, except robbery, and
the Ku-Klux is not a band of robbers."
" They have been accused of robbery quite frequently,
though," said Henry Wortuei.
"And every other crime in the catalogue," answered
The Klan Meets. 167
Albert, "and, yet, it is purely a political organization,
and the vast majority of the members would scorn
such a thought."
"However, true that may be," answered Major Wy-
land, " we are accused of murder now, and it behooves
us to prepare for the worst, for there is no telling what
extreme measures may be resorted to by the Republi-
cans in order to carry the next election."
" I agree with you that it is getting time for us to
begin to prepare for our defence, in case of necessity,"
said Albert, " though it is very evident to any one ac-
quainted with the rules of the Klan, that these murders
could not have been committed by the Ku-Klux."
" Yes," answered Major Wyland, " as has already
been suggested, Stingy Jap was not an active partisan,
and could not have been obnoxious to the Ku-Klux on
that account, and as his only besetting sin was his
penuriousness, no Klan would have killed him for that.
And there are many other reasons for saying that his
murderers were not genuine Ku-Klux, according to the
testimony before the coroner's inquest before the retire-
ment of the jury, notwithstanding the testimony that
they wore genuine Ku-Klux disguises. In the first
place, the witnesses testified that the murderers were
heard talking on the road to and from the home of
Stingy Jap ; but every Ku-Klux knows that only one
person is allowed to speak while on a raid, and he must
be appointed for that purpose before starting. In the
second place, it is a rule of the Ku-Klux never to give
any warning sign, such as hideous paintings on the
door, when it is intended to inflict the death penalty ;
168 Kvr-Klux Klan No. Jfi.
while in this instance nearly all the representations
designed as notices were used by the murderers of
Fontell. Again, these admonitions are never placed
on the door on the same night any punishment is in-
flicted, but are put there several nights, and even
months, sometimes, beforehand, to warn the ojffender
that he must desist from some objectionable practices,
while in the case of Stingy Jap, we have the positive
evidence of reliable persons who were at the house on
the evening preceding the hanging, that no such char-
acters were on the door then. Besides, the death pen-
alty is not allowed to be inflicted except as a last resort,
and then onl}^ after repeated warnings to the offender
that he must leave the community, and in this case no
previous warnings were given."
" Why not let the world know these things," asked
Henry Worthel, " and so dispel the cloud of suspicion
"That is impossible," answered Major Wyland. "It
would be a violation of our oath never to disclose the
secrets and rules of the Klan. The general law of the
Empire forbids it."
" What shall we do, then ? " asked Henry.
"Well, that is for the Klan to say," answered Major
Wyland. " We have met here for consultation, and to
try and devise some plan by which we may establish
our innocence, in case we should be arrested for mur-
der. Perhaps our ingenious spy can suggest some line
of policy to be pursued."
" No," answered Sam, " I have no plan to suggest ;
but we all look to you for advice in this matter. You
The Klan Meets. 169
are accustomed to giving counsel, and these matters
are beyond my ken."
" Well," answered Major Wyland, " I would suggest
that we all constitute ourselves detectives, and that we
look out for every clue that might lead to the discov-
ery of the real murderers of Fontell and John Latham."
" But how shall we proceed," asked Albert, " when
we have no starting point? Can you not indicate
some way in which we might begin our detective
work ? "
" Well," answered Major Wyland, " in the case of
Fontell, robbery was evidently the object of his murder-
ers, and I would suggest that we keep a sharp lookout for
persons who spend money freely and who have not the
means of making it rapidly. In the second place, it
is said that he had a large number of State bonds on
hand, and I would recommend that some member of
our Klan be sent to the ofRce of the Secretary of State,
with instructions to examine the records there and
take the number and date of the bonds issued to Jasper
Fontell. The law requires the State Treasurer to keep,
in a book prepared for that purpose, a memorandum of
every bond of the State issued by the State, together
with the numbers, date of issue, when and where pay-
able, at what premium, and to whom the same may
have been sold or issued. The Treasurer can then be
instructed to note the person who presents the bonds
for payment, or for the payment of interest, and in this
way we may be able to discover the possessor of the
" But perhaps the State Treasurer would not be will-
ing to assist in detecting the murderers," suggested
170 Kv^Klux Klcm No. J^O.
Henry ; " especially if they proved to be party favor-
" Oh, I hardly think our Treasurer would refuse a
request of that kind," answered Major Wyland, " and
if he should, we could make his refusal defeat him in
the next election, and we would then get a man who
would assist us."
" But suppose the bonds are transferred to another
person ? " said Sam.
" Then the law requires the surrender and cancella-
tion of the bonds," answered Major Wyland, "and
new bonds for the same amount to be issued to the
" And in the case of the murder of John Latham,
what do you suggest ? " asked Sam, pleased with the
ingenuity displayed by the old lawyer.
"In that case," answered Major Wyland, " I recom-
mend that some member of the Klan, or what would
perhaps be better, that some female friend be permit-
ted to remain in the room with Mrs. Latham until she
recovers, and it may be that even in her delirious rav-
ings she may let fall some word that would furnish a
clue as to the identity of his murderers."
Mrs. Latham had remained completely demented
ever since the night John was torn from her side, and
as no one else had seen the military ruffians in charge
of him, or knew anything about their taking him off,
the report circulated by Cross-eyed Telf, to the effect
that the Ku-Klux had killed him for betraying the
murderers of old Jasper Fontell, had been generally
accepted as true. Indeed, some of the strongest Demo-
crats in the community were beginning to condemn
The Klan Meets. 171
the existence of the Klan as a band of murderous
assassins. They had hitherto winked at the little mis-
deeds of the Klan — such as whipping a negro, a car-
pet-bagger, or a scalawag for being too active in politi-
cal matters ; but that thev should commit murder in
carrying out the designs of the Ku-Klux, and then kill
one of their own number for exposing their hellish
deeds, was just a little more than the public conscience
could stand, and so the righteous indignation of the
whole country was aroused against the Klan. And
the members of the Klan felt very keenly the sting of
the stigma thus cast upon them. The Klan was composed
of some of the best men in the whole country, who
had joined it simply for the purpose of destroying the
Union Leagues and overthrowing the reign of the car-
pet-baggers by gentler means than the taking of life,
and they shuddered at the thought of being charged
Having mutually agreed to assist and defend each
other in case of necessity, and to act as detectives in
trying to discover the perpetrators of the crimes with
which the members were charged, the Klan dispersed
and the members returned to their homes, feeling very
much mortified at the turn affairs had taken and their
inability to ferret out the true facts.
172 Ku-Klux Klan N'o. J^O.
A CONFLICT OF AUTHORITY.
On the morniag of the 20th of July, 1870, Major
Wyland was sitting in his elegantly furnished office
on Main street in the town of Westville, when a boy
rapped at the door, and, being admitted, handed him
a large sealed envelope. Judging hastily by the bulk
and weight of the package that it contained only some
legal documents, which he had sent for the evening
before to be brought from the office of the Superior
Court Clerk, he was about to lay it unopened on the
table before him, to be opened and examined at his
leisure, when the messenger accosted him with the
" He said to let him know at once whether you could
come, and if you couldn't come right now, to come as
soon as possible."
Hastily tearing open the envelope, he was startled at
finding that it contained in fact a legal document, though
not the one he had sent for, but one which emanated
from a court he thought and hoped had vanished with
the last roar of belligerent cannons. A short note
enclosed first attracted his attention, the contents of
which were as follows :
'■'•My Dear Major Wyland : I have been arrested by
the military authorities, and am now imprisoned in one
of the rooms of the court-house. I send you the copy
of the papers served on me, which contains all the
information I have received as to the cause of my
A Conflict of Authority. 173
" Please come to me at once, and let me know if any
legal process can be sued out to secure my liberation.
" Yours very truly, Albert Seaton.
" July 20, 1870."
"Did you wish to take an answer back?" asked
Major Wyland, as he laid the note on the table before
proceeding to the examination of the more lengthy
"He said to bring a reply, unless you could answer
at once in person," answered the intelligent looking
boy who had brought the message.
" I will answer, in person, immediately after examin-
ing the papers," said Major Wyland ; " so you need
not wait for a reply."
Left alone again. Major Wyland read carefully and
critically the following interesting document, which is
given as a specimen exhibition of the grinding military
despotism practiced upon the people of West county
during' the summer of 1870:
" Headquarters Department of ,
^''Division Embracing West County^
"July 20th, 1870.
" General Court Martial, Orders No. 1.
"Before a Military Commission convened at Westville,
July 20th, 1870, lander authority received from Head-
quarters Department , there was arraigned
and tried : Albert Seaton, citizen.
"For publishing and circulating disloyal and seditious
writings within a district under martial law.
174 Kv^Klux Klom No. UO.
" Specification. — In this, that the said Albert Seaton,
citizen, of West county. State of , and, editor
of a newspaper named and known as the Westmlle
Conservative, published at Westville, in said county and
State, did publish in said newspaper, and circulate an
article in words as follows :
" 'As a public journalist we feel constrained to enter
our protest against the action of our Governor in de-
claring West county to be in a state of insurrection. His
establishment of martial law for this county was an un-
warranted exercise of the dangerous power vested in
him by that unconstitutional and slanderous statute
known as the Ku-Klux Act. It is true there have been
several trivial outrages committed in the county, and
lately we have had perpetrated in our midst two most
atrocious murders ; but we assert positively, and we are
willing to stake our reputation for veracity on the as-
sertion, that these murders were not committed by the
Ku-Klux, as alleged, but were committed by private
persons for the purpose of robbery, in the one case, and
possibly for revenge in the other ; and we confidently
believe, and so declare, that time and a thorough in-
vestigation of these crimes will prove the truth of our
prediction. To have a military despot sitting as the
sole arbiter of the rights of our citizens is a humiliation
that is hard to bear, and our Governor is inexcusable
for thrusting such a state of serfdom upon us,'
" The charge is, that said article was calculated and
intended to produce hostility to the government, and
cause resistance to the constituted authorities.
" To which charge and specification the accused, Al-
bert Seaton, pleaded as follows :
A Conflict of Authority. 175
" To the specification of the charge, ' guilty ', except
so much as alleges that the said article was calculated
and intended to produce hostility to the government
and cause resistance to the constituted authorities.
" To the charge, '•not guilty^
" The court having maturely considered the evidence
adduced finds the accused, Albert Seaton, citizen, as
" Of the specification to the charge, guilty.
" Of the charge, guilty.
" SENTENCE :
" The said Albert Seaton is, therefore, sentenced to
imprisonment in the jail of West county for thirty days.
" By command of Crawford Tellefson, Captain."
Major Wyland finished reading this remarkable docu-
ment, and then sat for a few moments almost stupefied
with astonishment. That a military subordinate, only
a Captain, should issue an order for the arrest of a citi-
zen and actually try and convict him by a court martial,
of which he was the self-constituted head, and sentence
him to imprisonment, was an act of despotism that
stood without a parallel in the history of any enlight-
ened nation of people. Yerily, the last vestige of free-
dom had vanished from Southern soil, and the people
were reduced to the condition of serfs. He had thought
that he had foreseen the evils of the military usurpa-
tion, but he was not prepared to hear of such an unau-
thorized assumption of power as this.
Recovering after a few minutes from the effects of
the startling news, he left his office and proceeded to
176 Ku-Klux Klan No. J^O.
the court-house, where he was met at the door by
Husky Diggs, orderly sergeant for the day, who de-
manded to know his business.
"I wish to be allowed to see a client who, I under-
stand, has been imprisoned in the court-house," he an-
swered, casting an indignant look upon the ill-natured
visage of the man who confronted him.
"Oh, he has no use for a lawyer now," answered
Husky i)iggs, " he's already convicted and in prison,
and all hell can't git him away from Cross-eyed Telf
"At any rate I wish to be allowed to see him," an-
swered Major Wyland.
" Well, I'll go and ask the Captain about it," said
Husk}^ Dig'gs, and he left Major Wyland standing in
the door surrounded by a motley crowd of the band of
hoodlumns while he went in search of the Captain.
Cross-eyed Telf was never hard to find by those who
knew his habits, so Huskv Diggs proceeded at once to
the " wine-room," where he found the Captain enjoy-
ing a glass of " moonshine." He had been drunk all
day ; was drunk, in fact, when he issued the order for
the arrest of Albert Seaton, and there was no hope of
improving his condition much as long as the pop skull
" Captain," said Husky Diggs, as he poked his head .
in the door, " there is an old sheep-skin thumber out
here, who wants to see the young Ku-Klux bird you
" Tell him to come in and have a drink with me,"
answered Cross-eyed Telf, who by this time was unable
to rise from the keg on which he was seated.
A Conflict of Authority. 177
" No," answered Husky Diggs, " he insists that he
only wants to see the goslin' Ku-Klux, so I'll just swal-
ler his share myself," and the low-browed villain
drained a full glass.
" Then bring 'era both in here," said Cross-eyed Telf.
" They will not be allowed to see each other except in
my presence, and my presence is here just now." This
last observation was true, as has already been explained.
Husky Diggs returned and informed Major Wyland
of the orders of the Captain, and then unlocked the
door of the room in which Albert was incarcerated.
'' Come out, you Ku-Klux quill driver," said Husky
Diggs to Albert ; " there's an old jawy cross-questioner
out here who wants to filch a few dollars out of you,
and the Captain wishes to drink your health in the
wine-room while he does it. I tell you, young man,
there ain't no use in sendin' for a lawyer after old
Cross-eyed Telf gits his claws on you."
Albert feared the truth of this last remark, and the
thought of having to remain in that dusty room sur-
rounded by the noise of the tramping, the vulgarity,
and the swearing indulged in by the boorish military
hirelings about him, made him faint at heart; but,
still, at the announcement of Major Wyland's ap-
pearance, he arose with alacrity from the rough bench
on which he had been reclining, and followed his
swarthy conductor to the presence of his counsel. The
sight of no person on earth is ever more welcome than
the appearance of a lawyer, who comes as the legal ad-
viser to a condemned prisoner. The invalid, racked
with pain and scorched with fever, as he rolls restlessly
from one side of his bed to the other, listens eagerly
178 Kvr-Klux Klan No. JfO.
for the sound of his physician's footsteps, and swallows
submissively the bitter potion he administers. But in
the case of the sick man it is only his own physical in-
firmity that confines him, and he feels so long as any
hope of recovery survives that the pain will ere long
exhaust itself, and the burning fever subside, even
without the assistance of the doctor's medicines; while
on the other hand, the imprisoned captive realizes that
his environments are all external and beyond his con-
trol ; he feels, too, especially an innocent prisoner, that
all that is necessary to secure his release is to convince
the minds of his persecutors of his innocence by satis-
factory argument, or to reach their hearts by persuasive
entreaty; but he knows that his own efforts have al-
ready proved unavailing, and his heart yearns for the
aid of an advocate more eloquent and powerful than
himself. The fact is that we are all dependent chil-
dren, and remain so as long as we live, and our hearts
are ever yearning for the counsel of a wiser voice and
the guidance of a stronger hand than our own. Then
the sight of prison walls, viewed from the inside, brings
with it a pang of humilitation more intolerable than
any fever or pain.
Husky Diggs conducted Major Wyland and Albert
to the wine-room, where they found Cross-eyed Telf
still sitting on the keg of blockade, for this military
satrap respected not even the revenue laws, but pur-
chased his liquor from the blockade-runners because it
was cheaper. By this time he was cleverly drunk.
" Have a sheat shennlemens," said the thick-tongued
scoundrel, looking, as Major Wyland thought, directly
at a barrel of brandy on the opposite side of the room.
A Conflict of Authority. 179
"No," answered Major Wyland, looking around and
seeing nothing on which he could sit, except a few kegs
and barrels of " mountain dew," and not caring to imi-
tate the drunken beast before him in any particular;
" I have simply called to inquire into the cause of the
arrest and detention of this young man."
" Court's over," answered Cross-eyed Telf. " Have
a drink, shennlemens, Husky Diggs, (hie) pour the
shennlemens out a drink."
"No, I thank you," answered Major Wyland, as
Husky Diggs began to fill the room with the offensive
odor of the distilled moonshine ; " I do not care for a
drink just now ; but I would like to inquire if this case
has been finally disposed of."
" Yes," answered the drunken sot on the keg.
" Then I would like to inquire further, if you are
sober enough to tell me," said Major Wyland, "by
what authority you have arrested and imprisoned him."
"By my own (hie) s'preme power," answered Cross-
eyed Telf indignantly, and he attempted to rise as he
spoke in order to emphasi-ze the declaration of his au-
thority, but " the ardent " proved stronger than his
muscles, and he tumbled over between two kegs and
lay there prostrate upon his face, unable to extricate
" I see there is no use in spending our time with this
maudlin wretch," said Major Wyland, turning and
speaking to Albert ; " so I will return to my office and
prepare a writ of habeas corpus to test the validity of
"And what's a writ of habis corjpis f " asked Husky
180 Kk^KIux Klan No. J^O.
" It is a writ by which we hope to take the body of
your prisoner from you," answered Major Wy land con-
"Oh, his corpse," answered the low-browed ruffian.
"Why, you can have his carcass any time you'll send
a cart around for it. We have plenty of men here who
will dress it up for you in regular Ku-Klux style."
" Never mind the threats of the base-born varlet,"
said Major Wyland to Albert, seeing the blanched
countenance of the young man. " I will prepare an
application for a writ of habeas corpus immediately,
and I think I can secure your release."
" But suppose Judge Farwell should refuse to grant
the writ," said Albert despairingly.
" He dare not refuse it," answered Major Wyland.
" The law imposes a heavy penalty on a judge for such
" But he has already decided against me in one case,"
said Albert, remembering with a shudder the decision
of Judge Farwell in the famous salt case ; " and by that
judgment he reduced me to extreme poverty."
'• That was in a civil case," ansAvered Major Wyland,
trying to console the disconsolate youth, "and the
law guards the liberties of citizens more sacredly that
the rights of property, though I must confess that the
argus-eyed Goddess of Liberty appears to be very re-
miss in her duty at present."
"Time's up," said Husky Diggs, who understood
just enough of this conversation to surmise that the
old lawyer was going to make some effort to liberate
his prisoner; so he took Albert by the arm and con-
A Conflict of Authority. 181
ducted him back to his cell, while Major Wyland re-
turned to his office. After locking Albert in, Husky
Diggs returned to his drunken master, and lifting him
up and finding him unable to either stand or sit, he laid
him prostrate on the floor, and then proceeded to fill
himself up with liquor.
" I wish to present an application for a writ of habeas
corpus,'''' said Major Wyland, as he entered Judge Far-
well's office an hour later.
" Pray, be seated Major,'"' answered Judge Farwell,
as he rose politely and accepted the document.
Eesuming his seat, the Judge hastily glanced over
the application, which contained a verified copy of all
the papers relating to the case by virtue of which
Albert Seaton had been arrested and imprisoned.
" My God ! " exclaimed Judge Farwell, when he had
finished reading the remarkable document; "has it
come to this, that a citizen can be arrested and sen-
tenced to prison by a contemptible drumhead court
martial, the head of which is only a Captain of militia ?"
" It seems that such a thing has actually happened,"
answered Major Wyland complacently.
" Well, this is the most revolutionary usurpation of
unauthorized power that has ever come under my ob-
servation," answered the Judge as he took his pen and
signed the writ prayed for. " I will readily grant the
writ, and I doubt if that ancient and stable bulwark
of our liberties has ever been more providently issued
since the memorable scene at Runny-Mede."
"It is, indeed, loudly called for in this instance,"
answered Major Wyland, pleased at the view taken of
the matter by Judge Farwell.
182 Ku^Klux Klan No. J^O.
"And how does Albert bear up under the sentence ?"
asked the Judge.
" He seems very much humiliated and depressed,"
answered Major Wyland,
'" I do not wonder at it," said the Judge. " The in-
dignity thus heaped upon him is none the less hard to
bear because it is unlawful. I am very much surprised
that such a ruffian as Cross-eyed Telf should be placed
in charge of a compan}' of troops ; but I think, after
this exhibition of his ignorance and cruelty, I will not
manifest any astonishment at anything further he may
" I am very much surprised myself that the troops
should have been ordered here at all," answered Major
Wyland. " There was no necessity for declaring this
county in a state of insurrection.
"I agree with you in that opinion," answered Judge
Farwell, " and I say to you seriously, though I have
no doubt you will be greatly astonished to learn it,
that the illegal means resorted to by the Republican
party, in order to secure a victory at the coming elec-
tion, has caused me to resolve to sever my connection
with that party forever."
"Why, I am astonished to hear such a declaration,"
answered Major Wyland. " To be candid with you,
though, since your avowal of a change of heart, you
may not think me very complimentary, I thought you
were in full sympathy with the party, even in its wild-
" Your opinion does me great injustice, as applied to
my present state of feeling," answered Judge Farwell,
" though I must confess that I have been in the past
A Gonjlict of Authority. 183
in full accord with that party in most of its measures.
I had been raised a Republican, and had been taught
from a child that Democracy meant hostility to the
government; in fact, the word in my infantile vocabu-
lary was synon3''mous with rebellion and treason. But
I have discovered at last, to my sorrow, that the Repub-
lican party in the South is not composed of the same
material as at the North. Up North that party em-
braces the best classes of society, while down here it
is composed of the lowest elements. I cannot longer
remain in a party that I see is every day plunging the
State into bankruptcy, and that seeks to sustain its
waning power by the use of the bayonet, and I have
determined to announce publicly my withdrawal from
such a party."
"Judge Farwell," said Major Wyland, his heart
swelling with genuine emotion, " I see you have been
sadly deceived, and I am glad to know that you repu-
diate a party that seeks to reduce our people to a state
of serfdom more galling than that of the Russian slave.
Now let us attend to this habeas corpus case, and we
will discuss this matter more fully at some other time."
"I will call my otRce boy," said Judge Farwell,
" and have him to deliver the papers to the Sheriff. I
have made them returnable at noon to-day."
In answer to Judge Farwell's call, an intelligent
looking negro lad came into the room and took the
papers and set out at once to find the Sheriff of West
county. Major Wyland also left at this time, promis-
ing to return to the Judge's office promptly at twelve
o'clock. It was then eleven, and Judge Farwell spent
the next hour pacing his office floor in a deep reverie.
184 Kv^KUins Klan No. J^O.
He had felt for some time that he could not longer
aflBliate with a party that was evidently destroying the
Commonwealth by pledging its faith to so many ques-
tionable schemes of plunder, and yet he was not insen-
sible to the serious importance of the step he proposed
to take. To turn his back on the party now, after
having enjoyed its favors so long, would look like in-
gratitude, and yet he could not approve the action of
the authorities in seeking to perpetuate their power
by placing military despots in charge of the ballot-
boxes. He had a sincere reverence for all lawfully
constituted authority, but a supreme contempt for all
illegal usurpation, and he felt that the action of Cross-
eyed Telf in arresting Albert Seaton was an outrage
in itself enough to cause any lover of liberty to leave
a party responsible for his action.
He was aroused from his reverie by the appearance
of the Sheriff at the door.
" Cross-eyed Telf is drunk, Judge," said the Sheriff,
" and Husky Diggs refuses to deliver up his prisoner."
" Is Captain Tellefson too drunk to make any return
to the writ," asked the Judge.
"I presume he is," answered the Sheriff; "at any
rate he has directed Husky Diggs not to respect the
writ, and to refuse to let Albert go."
" Then it is your duty to take him by force," an-
swered Judge Farwell, " and you may call in the whole
power of the county to assist you. How many men
has ' Cross-eyed Telf,' as you call him ? "
"About one hundred," answered the Sheriff.
" Then go back and have your deputies to assist you
in summoning two hundred men, and direct them all
A Conflict of Authority. 185
to appear, armed with whatever instruments of war
they may possess, at the court-house within an hour.
Then take Albert and bring him before me if, in order
to do so, you have to fill the court-house with dead
Sheriff Albertson was a brave man, who only wanted
to know his duty, and he would discharge it with
fidelity and courage. Consequently in less time than
that specified by Judge Farwell, he had a force of tw^o
hundred young men drawn up in battle array in front
of the court-house. By this time Cross-eyed Telf , who
had just taken a long nap, had sobered considerably,
and seeing the strong opposing force under the com-
mand of the Sheriff, he began to realize to some extent
the gravity of the situation, and to consider what had
best be done. Husky Diggs advised that he send for
counsel, and the Captain, remembering how admirably
Donald Weston had extricated him from a former
dilemma, immediately despatched a messenger for that
sage counsellor, while he counted-, as accurately as his
befuddled mind would permit, the forces in front.
Weston soon appeared, and demanded to know the
cause of so much disturbance and the reason for the
display of so great a force.
" I have come to take a prisoner now in charge of
Captain Tellefson, who refuses to deliver him up," said
''And by what authority do you seek to take him
out of the custody of Captain Tellefson ? " demanded
the little attorney.
" By virtue of a writ of habeas corpus issued by Judge
Farwell," answered the Sheriff.
186 Kv^Klux Klan No. J^O.
"But the civil authorities have no right to grant that
writ — to take a person imprisoned under the final judg-
ment of a court martial," answered Weston.
" You can make your points of law before Judge
Farwell," answered the Sheriff ; " but, as for my part,
I intend to take the prisoner, or die in the attempt."
Weston looked at the men before him, and saw that
they were well armed : in fact all the munitions of war
to be found in the hardware stores of the town had
been freely tendered the Sheriff and his posse, and most
of the men were not only well equipped, but were
eager for the fray, and this desire for battle w^as plainly
visible in their stern countenances. The doughty little
attorney hesitated. If he should precipitate a fight
by counselling resistance to the Sheriff's posse, the
responsibility for the result, which it was impossible
to forsee, would fall principally upon him ; while, on
the other hand, if Tellefson should yield the custody
of the prisoner, the strength and influence of the mili-
tary authority would be broken, and the power upon
which he relied for the promotion of his wicked schemes
would vanish. If a few shots could be fired and a little
blood flow in the streets, the Korthern outrage looms
miofht w^eave out of it a bloody shirt that could be
flaunted in the faces of Southern statesmen for all time
to come. Again self-interest predominated, as it always
does in the breast of a reall}^ wicked man, and again the
voice of Sempronius was heard declaring for war, but
this time not in the Eoman Senate, trying to incite resist-
ance to the subjugator of the people ; but it was the
voice of a little unscrupulous demagogue, trying to stir
up insurrection in order that he might feast and fatten
on carnage like a vulture.
A Conflict of Authority. 187
•' I do not think you can afford to surrender the
custody of the prisoner," said Weston, turning to Cross-
eyed Telf. " The publication of that article was evi-
dently intended to provoke opposition to your author-
ity, and the appearance of this unusual array of force
to resist your power is but the legitimate fruit of such
seditious writing. You cannot surrender him without
giving up your commission as Captain at the same
This last thrust hit the mark intended, the vanity of
Excitement sobers a drunken man even quicker than
sleep, and by this time Cross-eyed Telf had almost en-
tirely recovered his equilibruira. He estimated that
the excess in numbers of the sheriff's ^csse was more
than counterbalanced by his advantageous position, so
he decided to fight, and quickly gave orders that his
men should station themselves in the windows and
doors of the court-house, seeking the protection of the
walls as much as possible, and that they should open
fire on the first man who placed his feet on the door-
Husky Diggs was placed at the door of the room in
which Albert was imprisoned, with instructions to
guard the door even at the sacrifice of his life. Having
hurriedly completed his preparations for the expected
battle, Cross-eved Telf announced to the sheriff his de-
termination to fight from a window in the second story
of the building.
The sheriff's posse was composed mainly of hot-
blooded youths from the town, who were eagerly wait-
ing for permission from the sheriff to fire, and this
188 Kv^Klux Klan No. 1^0.
being now given, Cross-eyed Telf was immediately an-
swered by a shot that took off his ear. A volley
quickly followed, and this was answered by a heavy
discharge from the windows and doors.
Sheriff Albertson still possessed that intrepid cour-
age and calm judgment that so distinguished him in a
graver war than that now on hand, and he soon dis-
covered that it was foolish to fight in that exposed
place while his enemy had the advantage of the walls
of the court-house for a protection. His quick percep-
tion took in the situation at a glance. Projecting from
the second story in front was a long piazza, or balcony,
supported by huge round pillars reaching to the ground,
and his men were immediately ordered to take shelter
under the piazza. Once under this security there were
only two windows facing them, and as these had been
imprudently left raised, the sheriff's men poured
through them so rapidly that those within were routed
and fled through the doors in confusion, without offer-
ing any further resistance. Cross-eyed Telf and the
men up stairs were now utterly powerless to do any
further fighting, and as Albert had been allowed to re-
main in the room below, Husky Diggs was easily over-
powered, the door torn off its hinges, and the prisoner
Cross-eyed Telf, seeing the ridiculous mistake he had
made, and realizing the ignominious defeat he had sus-
tained, now sent a man down to say to the sheriff that
he only yielded to superior forces, and that he still
protested against this interference with his authority.
Albert was immediately taken before Judge Farwell,
and on motion of Major Wyland, who appeared as his
A Con fid of Authority. 189
counsel, was released from custody. After the order
for his discharge had been properly signed and attested,
Judge Farwell handed Albert a paper and remarked :
" I want you to publish this in the next issue of the
Westville Conservative. It is a card to the public an-
nouncing my repudiation of the Republican party."
" I am very much surprised, Judge, but I assure you
it does my heart good to hear it," answered Albert.
" Yes," answered Judge Farwell, " I have had this
departure under advisement for some time, and after
mature delibration, I have decided that I cannot afford
to affiliate longer with a party that permits such out-
rages as your imprisonment to be carried on with im-
punity. I have, indeed, been thinking very seriously
to day about resigning my office as Judge."
"That will not do now," answered Albert. "We
may need you again soon, if the tyrannical military
company remains here."
" I had thought of that," answered the Judge. " If
that inhuman wretch called Cross-eyed Telf, continues
in command here, there is no telling to what extremity
he may go. He seems to be utterly destitute of sym-
" I can testify as to the truth of that, myself," an-
swered Albert. "And, yet, I do not think he is alone
responsible for all the devilment indulged in around
here of late."
" You think he has an accomplice ?" asked the Judge.
" Only in the capacity of an adviser and counsellor,"
"I am really afraid your surmise is correct," said
Judge Farwell reflectively. " I have noticed that Wes-
190 Kvr-Klux Klan No. J^O.
ton has shunned me for the last few days, and I am
very much afraid that he has joined Tellefson and his
coadjutors in trying to carry the approaching election
This conversation was cut short by the appearance
of a crowd of men walking past the office, carrying a
man on a litter. Albert looked out the open door, and
recognized the bloody form of Sam Washburn. Turn-
ing away with a shudder, he grasped the hand of Judge
Farwell cordially, as an eloquent expression of his ap-
preciation of the favor shown him that day, and then
left the office without speaking a word and followed
the track of blood. The ball, they said, had perforated
one lung, but the physician entertained hopes of his
recovery. It was the most serious injury sustained by
any one in the battle at the court-house. Albert fol-
lowed for some distance, but began to grow faint at the
sight, and turned back and went home to his invalid
The following was the story of the engagement at
the court-house, as woven by the outrage looms:
"WAR! WAR!! WAR!!!
" The Ku-Klux Fire on State Troojps !
" On the 20th instant, at Westville, the Ku-Klux with
a force one thousand strong appeared in front of the
court-house, in which the State troops had been sta-
tioned by order of the Governor of that State, who
had declared West county to be in a state of insur-
rection, and fired upon the troops, wounding Captain
Tellefson and killing several of his men. Captain
Tellefson had a force only one hundred strong, and
A Conflict of Authority.
the Ku-Klux, it seems, have determined to drive the
troops out of the county in order that they may carry
on their diabolical work of whipping r.egroes and mur-
dering and robbing the wealthy and in:luential. No
other cause is assigned for the hellish deed, even by
the Ku-Klux themselves, and they openly boast that
they will kill every man in the county who refuses to
pledge himself to vote the Democratic ticket in the
coming election. The Great Rebellion, with all its
carnage, was a mercy to what the good people of West
county are forced to endure at the hands of the law-
defying and bloody-handed Ku-Klux. No person's
life is safe, and many good people have abandoned
home and everything, and are flying in terror for their
lives. It is understood that the Governor will demand
that a company of Federal troops be sent to the assis-
mce of the State militia."
192 Kv^Klux Klan No. 4.0.
THE DEATH CHAMBER.
Albert Seaton went home from his prison cell to his
mother's death chamber. She had remained in a very
critical condition ever since the day the sad funeral
obsequies were held over the skeleton corpse of her
late husband, and the fresh shock occasioned by the
outrageous imprisonment of her son, and the news of
the battle to secure his liberation, was more than her
nervous system could bear. She had not learned the
termination of the combat before Albert's arrival, and
was still laboring under the impression that he would
be killed by the ruffian usurpers rather than surrende
him, when he approached her bedside and gently kissel
" Oh, my dear son," feebly gasped the dying womfl,
" I am so glad you have come. I feared I would havto
die without ever seeing you again."
" Do not talk of dying, mother," said Albert, tem-
bling with fear as he gazed upon the feeble fame
before him. " They have not hurt me, and I am orry
to see you so frightened."
" It is more than fright this time," answere Mrs.
Seaton. " It is the hand of death upon me, andl have
so much to tell you before I die."
The dying woman put both hands to her ->rehead
and pressed her temples with all the strengt' ber fee-
ble arms possessed. She seemed to be stragely agi-
tated, and her excitement, instead of ab?ng since
The Death Chamber. 193
Albert's arrival, appeared to become every moment
" I want all to leave the room," she said at last,
" except Albert and Bessie, and Dr. W3'land."
This request having been complied with, she asked
to be supported in a sitting posture by pillows, and
this being done by the kind-hearted physician, brother
of the distinguished lawyer, she took Albert and Bessie
each by the hand, and, summoning all her strength for
the last act in the drama of her life, thus addressed
them, speaking to Bessie first :
" Bessie, my dear, sweet child, I am going to die
and leave you forever, and I want to hear you call me
mother once more before I go. You are my child, are
you not, Bessie ? "
"Yes, mother; you know I am," anwered the weep-
"And have I always been a good mother to you,
" Yes, my dear mother, you have always been ex-
tremely good and kind to me."
" And do you love me as your mother % "
" Yes, mother," answered Bessie, choking with emo-
tion so that she could only answer the questions of the
"And has Albert always been a good brother to
you?" still querried the dying woman.
" Yes, mother,"
" And do you love him ? "
" Yes, mother, I love him."
" And you, Albert, do you love Bessie ? "
" Yes, mother, I love her," answered Albert,
194 Ku-Klux Klrni No. JfO.
"Then listen to me, ray children," and the' expiring
woman cast her glazy eyes first upon one and then the
other as she spoke. " I have a strange and startling
story to relate to you. You are not my daughter,
Bessie, and Albert is not your brother. Albert is my
only child. But to tell you the whole story I must
begin with my own infancy. My father and mother
both died when I was quite an infant, leaving me a
valuable estate. M}^ father left a will in which he
appointed Mr, Arthur DeVoy executor and guardian
for me, giving him the option of investing my money
and of appropriating to his own use all the proceeds
of such investments above legal interest, or of simply
preserving the property until I became of age without
having to account for interest. If he should choose
the former mode, he was required to give bond for the
forthcoming of my money, and interest, when I should
reach my twenty-first birthday ; if he should choose
the 'atter method, no bond was required. Mr, DeVoy
adopted the former method and wisely invested my
money in such a way that when I attained legal age
and married Mr, Seaton he was enabled to turn over to
me everything that was demanded of him under the
will, and to reserve for himself quite a fortune thus
accumulated, Mr. DeYoy, at the time of my marriage to
Mr. Seaton, was a bachelor, and when Albert was born
a year afterwards, he came over to see him, and, be-
cause he was the son of his ward, he called Albert his
grandson, and soon grew very fond of him, spending
most of his time fondling him and buying him presents.
Four years later, Mr. DeYoy married Ellen Crawford.
They were our nearest neighbors, and Mr. DeYoy con-
tinued to fondle and caress my little boy, until about a
The Death Chamber. 195
year after his marriage, when his wife presented him
with a daughter. Contrary to the usual custom of
husbands, he manifested great joy on discovering that
his offspring was a girl, and came over immediately
after Albert, who was then five years old, and took
him over, as he said, to see his little sweetheart. After-
wards Albert visited the house every day, and called
the little girl his little sweetheart, much to the delight
of her parents. Eight months later Mrs. DeYoy sick-
ened and died, but on her death bed she made Albert
promise to marry his little sweetheart when she became
of age. Mr. DeVoy was overwhelmed with grief at
his wife's death, but soon ended his sorrow by follow-
ing her to the grave. He was a good man, but very
eccentric, as all men are who live a life of celibacy up
to the age of fifty, and he also made a will in which
he appointed Dr. Wyland, here, his executor and guar-
dian for his little girl. In his will, after reciting the
fact that all his fortune had been acquired by invest-
ments of my money, and expressing his gratitude, he
directed that his little daughter should be placed under
my care and reared by me as my own daughter ; that I
should call her my daughter and teach her to call me
mother and Albert her brother, and that she and Albert
should never know but that they were brother and
sister until the little girl should reach the age of twenty-
one. The will further provided that in case Albert
and the little girl should marry when they became
grown, then all the testator's property was to go to
both of them equally, but if either should wilfully
refuse to marry the other, then all the property was to
go to the one refused. Albert was soon taught to cease
calling the little girl sweetheart, and to call her sister.
196 Ev^Elux Klan No. J^O.
That little girl, Bessie, is yourself, and your true name
is Bessie DeVoy. If you should change it to Bessie
Seaton in fact, you would be carrying out the will of
your deceased parents as well as the wishes of ."
But the effort had been too great for the dying
woman, and she expired without finishing the sentence,
still holding the hands of Albert and Bessie. The final
esparation of soul and body appeared to take place with-
out agony. Her tongue simply lay still in her,mouth,
because there was no more breath to vibrate it. The
soul simply bade adieu to the cold tenement of clay, and
took its flight to the realm beyond the chilly waters of
the river of death, there to rejoin the spirit of the mur-
dered husband, and to go forth, wing bound to wing,
new-born, and explore the great Unknown.
Bessie relinquished herself from the grasp of the cold,
clammy hand of the dead, and retired ;to her room,
where her grief-rent heart poured itself out in bitter
tears. Death, the relentless destroyer of all human
happiness, had twice made her an orphan, and the
knowledge of her bereavements had come to her all at
once. Fatherless, motherless, brotherless, sisterless,
homeless, comfortless ! She was, indeed, desolate. Im-
agitatJon even refused to penetrate the dark future ;
heri;iiid was benumbed with sorrow, her tongue para-
lizea with woe, her heart ached and throbbed with in-
conceivable anguish, and her soul cried : God ! God !
Hush ! O, busy world, and listen for a moment to the
moan that comes from the breast of the poor inconso-
lable girl !
The lamentation of the orphan girl, though unheard
save by the ear of Him who ever listen to the wail of
the distressed and takes care of the bereaved, was si-
The Death Chamber. 19T
lently re-echoed in the heart of the other newly-made
orphan, as he walked to and fro in the garden. It was
now night, and the gentle moon looked down benig-
nantly and compassionately into the swollen eyes of
the grief-stricken young man, as he walked alone in
the mellow moonlight, nursing a burning grief that
could not vent itself in tears. Finding no comfort in
the o^arden, Albert was about to return to the house
when Dr. Wyland approached and took him by the
arm. The good physician was like his brother only in
personal appearance. Both were naturally kind-hearted,
but Major Wyland had trained his mind and heart for
heated controversy, and had neglected to cultivate the
finer and more benignant qualities, while Dr. Wyland's
whole life had been spent in trying to alleviate pain
and minister to the wants of the suffering, and his voice
was accustomed to uttering words of comfort to the
" This is a sad bereavement, Albert," said Dr. Wy-
land, as they walked the flower-lined path through the
garden ; " but it is one that must come sooner or later
to all the living. Our parents must leave us orphans
at some stage of our lives if we are permitted to live
out our own allotted time."
"I know it," answered Albert, brushing away the
first scalding tear that had escaped his feverish, swollen
eyes ; " but this is a double loss to me."
" Yes, your grief is hard to bear, I know," answered
the good doctor, " but it is not greater than that of
others, and you should endeavor to endure it without
murmuring in order to encourage her who is equally
" Oh, please don't speak to me of my poor s — ", but
198 Kvr-Klux Elan No. kO.
the last word died unuttered on his tongue, and his sor-
row now found a vent in tears.
It is well to weep under such circumstances. It is
not a hopeful symptom of improvement to see the
heart so benumbed with grief that the very fountain
of feeling becomes obstructed and stagnant. It is good
for the heart that has been wrenched violently asunder
to bleed ; but at such a time the sufferer desires noth-
ing more than solitude, and the voice of sympathy and
compassion brings but little consolation. Great griefs
must have time to flow out in tears before the heart can
be healed. Dr. Wyland recognized this truth, as he
felt the whole frame of the strong young man tremble
against his arm, so he turned to leave him alone in his
sorrow^ saying :
" Your affliction is great, my young friend ; but God,
if you will only ask Him, will enable you to look through
this dark veil of death to a brighter and a living vision
\ beyond. Affliction is God's school in which he teaches
( us the frailty of human things, and those only are im-
( paired by sorrow who fail to catch the true meaning of
( the lesson. Destiny, in mixing the cup of life, has stir-
red in it many bitter sorrows, which we must all drink
( if we would taste the sweet also. These tonics are al-
; ways bitter, but they are not intended to be palatable,
^ but healing. Only try to recognize God's hand in your
affliction, and you will find that His arm is strong and
' ready to sustain."
After this the aged physician returned to the house,
I and gave directions for the preparation of the funeral.
N^ext day they buried Mrs. Seaton, beside the grave
in which, only a few weeks before, had been interred
the bones of her murdered husband.
Still Weaving Bloody Woof. 199
STILL WEAVING BLOODY WOOF.
"Have you seen it?"
" The card."
. "What card?"
" Why, Judge Farwell's card, in which he withdraws
from the Republican party and declines a re-election."
And Tinklepaugh handed Weston a copy of the West-
ville Conservative and pointed to the following :
"a card to the public.
"Eecent political events which have transpired in this
State, and which seem to have the approval of the lead-
ers of the Republican party, have convinced me that it
is the duty of all persons who love peace and harmony,
and who desire to see the autonomy of our State pre-
served from the destructive rapacity of the greedy poli-
tical cormorants who now have charge of the State
government, to vote for the overthrow of that party in
the coming election, and believing this, I have resolved
to vote the Democratic ticket at the next election, and
to affiliate with that party in the future.
" The policy of the Republican party in this State for
the last few years has been to use the government as
an instrument of plunder, and in pursuance of this po-
licy they have levied taxes that amount practically to
confiscation of private property, and that made the
200 Kii^Klux Klan No. k-O.
tax-gatherer a highway robber. Some of the money
thus raised by exorbitant taxation, has been squandered
in unwise speculation to which the State has been made
a party, and vast sums have been used to pay special
officers for very questionable services; for instance, the
hiring of unprincipled military despots to imprison and
shoot down citizens of the State without authority of
law or shadow of right. Millions of State bonds have
been issued to build railroads that will never have any
existence, except on paper, and recently one of the presi-
dents of these paper railroad companies had the audac-
ity to boast that he had spent over a quarter of a mil-
lion of dollars in bribing and corrupting the present
Legislature. The people have been plundered until
they are growing desperate, and there is real dan-
ger to our institutions. History teaches us that the
Koman emperors extorted money from their nobles and
fed their plunder to the rabble, but the Eepublican
party has just simply reversed this order by plunder-
ing the many to enrich a favored few. It is said that
anarchy and mob violence exist in the South, and that
the very existence of the government is threatened by
the Ku-Klux. How far these charges are true, it is not
for me to say, but I wish to call the attention of those
who prefer the accusations to the fact that the people
have been driven to desperation by an abuse of power
and a system of organized plunder that have, at least,
received the sanction of the government. Anarchy, or
a defiance of all authority, naturally follows despotism.
Tyranny is the father of anarchy, and there is a perpet-
ual conflict between the parent and offspring. Both
are evils, but so long as they successfully resist each
Still Weming Bloody Woof. 201
other their pernicious tendencies are checked, and the
equilibrium of the government is maintained; but once
this equilibrium is destroyed, all government vanishes.
Russia has her mobs, but it is because the government
" It is now five years since the clank of hostile sabres
ceased, with the return of the victorious Northern sol-
diers to their homes, and, yet, the tread of the iron-heel
of military despots is heard on our streets to-day. This
military force is composed of mercenaries, hired in
other States and brought here and equipped at the ex-
pense of this State, ostensibly to preserve the peace, but
in reality to act as spies among our people and support
the tottering fortunes of the Republican party. Sus-
tained by such power, our Republican Legislature still
continues the march of the State toward bankruptcy
by making fraudulent appropriations and issuing bonds
almost without limit. All this is done with a reckless
disregard of public condemnation and private criticism.
Honesty and capability are almost ignored as qualifica-
tions for positions of trust and responsibility, while
under the reconstruction acts, thousands of competent
and intelligent white men are denied any participation
in the affairs of government, even the right of suffrage.
The people of the State are fast drifting into three
classes : office-holders, tax-gatherers and serfs.
"Finding myself out of sympathy with the policy and
tendencies of the Republican party, I feel constrained
to abandon it, and, therefore, I announce my intention
to vote the Democratic ticket on election day in Au-
" I have only to say further, that having withdrawn
202 Kv^Klux Klan No. Ifi.
from the Kepublican party, I will not be a candidate
under its auspices for re-election to the offiee of judge
of this judicial district.
" Richard Farwell."
Weston finished reading this card and uttered a
groan of disapproval.
"What do you think of it?" asked Tinklepaugh.
Weston was too much astonished to make an imme-
diate reply, so Cross-eyed Telf, who was present, an-
" I think the d — n scoundrel has turned traitor," said
that hideous looking, one-eared, cross-eyed barbarian ;
" but I'll teach the fickle turncoat how to talk. I'll see
whether he votes the Democratic ticket at next elec-
" But how can you prevent it ? " asked Tinklepaugh.
" Why, I'll shackle his heels."
" I do not exactly understand you."
" Cage him, man ; put him into bilboes."
" Why, for contempt of court."
" But, I must confess, I do not see how you can im-
prison him for contempt of court when he says nothing
about military courts in his card."
" Don't he call me a military despot, a mercenary
hireling, and a spy? And don't he say I imprisoned
and shot down citizens without authority of law or
right ? I'll have the rebellious tyke boxed up in the
same room from which he took the young Ku-Klux
editor, before the sun sets this evening."
" That is right," said Weston, looking up from J udge
Still Weaving Bloody Woof. 203
Farwell's card in the Westville Conservative, from which
hitherto he had not been able to take his eyes since
Tinklepaugh first handed him the paper. " There is
nothing like insisting upon the proper respect for your
authority, if you wish to maintain it, and the fact that
such a supercilious article emanated from the pen of a
Judge makes it all the more noticeable."
" That is true," said Tinklepaugh, " and such dispar-
agement of Captain Tellefson's authority, coming from
such an exalted source, has a tendency to aggravate
the feeling of resistance to the established militarv
rule now prevalent in the community. The Ku-Klux
will want no better Shibboleth, under which to justify
the preaching of their pernicious doctrines, than this
text furnished by the renegade Judge."
"And I hope," said Weston, "that Captain Tellefson
will not only imprison him, as he threatens, but hold
him personally and criminally responsible for any riot
or bloodshed his seditious article incites."
" Trust me to handle the renegade demagogue with
a bridle and martingale," answered Cross-eyed Telf.
*' I'll soon have him under my thumb, and the first time
he begins to champ the bit, or undertakes to kick over
the traces, I'll turn him over to the tender mercy of
" And the parson," suggested Tinklepaugh.
"Yes, and to the merciful parson," answered Cross-
eyed Telf, looking seemingly out of the window, but
in reality closely at Tinklepaugh, and wondering
whether that little scoundrel knew anything about the
death of John Latham.
The reverend Dick Madison, though acting under
204: Kv^Klux Klan No. Ifi.
Cross-eyed Telf as half-servant and half-soldier, had
been permitted to circulate considerably among his
people on Sundays, in order to " fill his 'pintments,"
and the mention of his name in such a connection by
Tinklepaugh caused Cross-eyed Telf to feel a little
apprehensive, lest the long-tongued sermonizer had
allowed his tongue to wag a little imprudently.
Having satisfied himself that Tinklepaugh knew
nothing of the hanging of John Latham, Cross-eyed
Telf announced his intention of leaving for the purpose
of executing his threat against Judge Farwell, when
Weston detained him.
" I esteem it a part of my official duty as the State's
prosecuting attorney for this judicial district," began
the designing little lawyer, "to invoke your aid in
trying to punish the murderers of old Mr. Jasper Fon-
tell. I have procured sufficient evidence to justify me
in instituting a prosecution against several persons for
that horrible crime, but the assassins are all members
of Klan No. 40, and, since the Sheriff has so plainly
evinced his sympathy with the Klan, I feel myself
powerless to bring them to justice without the assis-
tance of the military power, and I have therefore de-
termined to ask you to help me."
" Nothing would tickle the blood in my veins quicker
than to be able to nab a few dozen of the hell-hounds,"
answered Cross-eyed Telf, with a wicked leer. " Husky
Diggs alone can muzzle a dozen of the cone-headed
ghouls, and I'll warrant my force to bag the whole
Klan if the order shall be given."
"Unless the Sheriff interferes in their behalf," said
Tinklepaugh, as a mischievous smile played over his
Still Weaving Bloody Woof. 205
" D — n the Sheriff," answered Cross-eyed Telf, re-
membering how that intrepid officer had outwitted
him in the little bout at the court-house. " If ever I
jostle against that rake-hell rapscallion again I'll settle
the little account I have against him for the loss of my
ear, and I intend to keep the wound green until I do
meet him, too."
" Well, the encounter may take place soon enough
to please you, if Weston insists on these prosecutions,"
" And why not insist on prosecuting the midnight
murderers?" asked Weston. "Do you think I can
afford to sit idle and see the laws of the land set at
defiance by a band of disguised assassins, and not raise
a finger to stay the red hand of blood, simply because
an arraignment of the butcherers is likely to cause
" Oh, no ; I did not mean to say that you should
refrain from a prosecution for any reason," answered
Tinklepaugh. " I only thought to tease the Captain a
And yet Tinklepaugh was tortured with a vague
apprehension that an indictment of innocent persons
for the murder of Old Stingy Jap might lead to the
detection of the guilty slayers.
" Well, I must confess that it does kinder stick a pin
in my gizzard to tweak me about that little skirmish
at the court-house," answered Cross-eyed Telf ; " but
I'll bet you next time I meet the Sheriff I'll have my
spurs on, and he won't be allowed to snatch a bloodless
" Well, I am going to furnish you an opportunity to
206 Ku-Klux Klan No. J^O.
have another tussle with him,'' said "Weston. " I pro-
pose to break up the Ku-Klux organization in this
community, at any cost."
" Just hand me your black list, then," said Cross
eyed Telf, " and I'll pnt an extinguisher upon the last
negro-whipping night-rider in the county."
Weston handed Cross-eyed Telf a complete list of
the names of all the members of Klan No. 40, which
included, of course, the names of those with whom
the reader is already acquainted.
No other writ, or warrant, for the arrest of the
alleged offenders was ever issued, but no other was
necessary in the estimation of the military satrap into
whose hands the " black list " was placed, and as for
Weston and Tinklepaugh, they both knew the innocence
of the persons thus accused in the drag-net catalogue,
but they had commenced to play a desperate game,
the final denouement of which demanded the violent
handling of their best trump cards, and the exciting of
the public mind having proven to be a trump card
device so far, they resolved to rely upon it the future.
Accordingly, next day a company of troops under
the immediate command of Husky Diggs was sent
out to make the arrests.
" Hello ! old mouthy," said Husky Diggs, as he un-
ceremoniously entered the law office of Major Wyland
for the purpose of arresting him. " Cross-eyed Telf
sends his respects, and says he would like to see you
at the court-house."
" Tell Captain Tellefson that I transact all business
in my office, and if he has no business with me I do
not desire an interview," answered the dignified old
Still Wecwing Bloody Woof. 207
" Oh, don't jerk up your head so soon," answered
Husky Diggs. " You'll have time enough to curl up
your lip after old Cross-eyed Telf gits his foot on your
neck, and cause enough too, I'm thinkin' ; so don't go
to bitin' your thumb yit."
" I do not understand such nonsensical jargon," said
Major Wyland, " and as I have already signified my
intention of declining the interview with Captain
Tellefson at the court-house, you will please vacate the
" That's exactly what I'm goin' to do," answered the
ruffian. " So jest come along without any further
" What do you mean ? " asked Major Wyland, rising
and motioning to Husky Diggs to leave the room.
"Oh, I mean to vacate the office, as you told me,"
answered the shaggy-bearded scoundrel, advancing
and taking Major Wyland by the arm. " Goin' to jug
you, old man."
"You scurvey-faced villain," said the irascible old
lawyer, shaking the viper from him ; " surely you do
not mean to arrest me ? "
" That's exactly it," answered Husky Diggs.
" And by what right? Where is your warrant for
my arrest ? "
" Oh, I've got a hahis corpis for you," answered Husky
Diggs, with a sinister grin, remembering vaguely the
conversation about that writ on the day Albert Seaton
was rescued, but not comprehending its meaning.
" Leastwise old Cross-eyed Telf said to bring your
corpse, if you showed yourself too lively."
" I presume I might as well go with you to the trial,"
208 Kii^Klux Klan No. J,,0.
said Major Wyland, looking contemptuously around
upon the half-dozen ill-visaged ruffians accompanying
" That's the right way to look at it," answered Husky
Diggs. " There is no use in takin' up cudgels against
a disadvantage; so jest put a wet blanket over your
mouth and prepare to tread the boards."
Major Wyland had no idea of any charge against
himself, and felt that there must be some mistake in
having him arrested, so he walked submissively to the
court-house by the side of Husky Diggs, feeling sure
of his acquittal, even before a court martial presided
over by Cross-eyed Telf.
"Make way for the old running-tongued speech-
ifyer ! " exclaimed Husky Diggs, as he opened the door
of the large court-room upstairs in the courthouse, and
proceeded to shove Major Wyland in. " Old Talkative
is comin' in to lead the dance of the ghouls."
" But where is Captain Tellefson ? And when is my
trial to take place ?" asked Major Wyland, as he looked
around and saw that the capacious room was already
nearly filled with the members of the Klan.
" Cross-eyed Telf is down in the wine room samplin'
the kegs, I guess," answered Husky Diggs.
" But what about my trial ? " again asked Major. " I
demand to be informed of the accusation against me,
and to have an immediate investigation of the charge,
as guaranteed in our State Constitution to all persons
" Oh, go to hell with your Constitution and all other
sheep-skin books," answered Husky Diggs with a
wicked sneer. " Sich things are played out, old prat-
Still Weming Bloody Woof. 209
tie-mouth, and Cross-eyed Telf s hands are not tied by
any sich brittle strings."
" You impudent, tyrannical devil ! " exclaimed the in-
furiated old lawyer, and he attempted to strike Husky
Diggs as he spoke, but that cunning demon was on the
alert, and evaded the blow, and slamming the door in
Major Wyland's face, locked him in.
Finding himself actually in prison, the irate old law-
yer's cup of wrath boiled over. Judge Farwell was
there, a prisoner, too, but his rage had somewhat sub-
sided, and he came forward and vainly tried to console
the aged captive.
"A prisoner, and at my age ! Just think of it ! " ex-
claimed the old man. "Here is the temple of justice
prostituted into a prison by a hideous-looking, mercen-
ary hireling, and innocent citizens incarcerated without
indictment and without even being informed of the
charge against them ! The Constitution is set at defi-
ance, and the laws trampled under foot by a petty
tyrant! Liberty is dead, justice dethroned, law abol-
ished, and personal security has been swept away by
the coarse hand of a maudlin desperado ! And this is
' Reconstruction ' under the auspices of the Republican
part}^ ! "
Several members of the Klan came forward to speak
to him, but he was inconsolable, and sat for a long time
on one of the long benches in the court-room with his
face buried in his hands.
None of the prisoners had been given a trial, nor
had they even been informed of the cause of their im-
prisonment, and Cross-eyed Telf was by this time too
drunk to accord them a trial, even if he had been dis-
posed to grant them that Constitutional privilege.
210 Kv^Klux Kla/n No. JfO.
Sam Washburn was the only absent member of the
Klan, and he had been spared only because he had not
sufficiently^ recovered from the effects of his wound, re-
ceived in the battle of a few days before.
The following is a sample yard of the bloody woof
as woven by the before-mentioned outrage looms :
"MURDER BY THE KU-KLUX!
"the members of a whole klan arrested!
"On yesterday Captain Crawford Tellefson, com-
mander of the troops stationed at Westville, arrested
and imprisoned every member of a den of Ku-Klux,
known as Klan No. 40, for the murder of Mr. Jasper Fon-
tell. Our readers will remember how the story of that
horrible crime, which was published in these columns a
few days ago, startled the whole civilized world, and
caused the Governor of that State to proclaim West
county in a state of insurrection, and put the county
under martial law. Since that time Hon. Donald Wes-
ton, State Solicitor for that judicial district, has been
unremitting in his efforts to ascertain who the perpe-
trators of the crime were, notwithstanding the fact that
his own life was endangered by the investigation, and
his labor in this direction has been rewarded at last by
the accumulation of evidence amply sufficient to con-
vict a whole Klan. Witnesses at first were timid, having
been threatened with death, if they told anything, by
the bloody-handed Ku-Klux ; but as soon as the author-
ity of Captain Tellefson had been firmly asserted and
established, a feeling of security pervaded the county,
Still Weaving Bloody Woof. 211
and the witnesses were emboldened to tell the truth
regardless of the menaces of the Klan. The evidence
discloses a terrible state of lawlessness in that county.
It shows that Mr. Fontell's death was agreed upon by
the whole Klan, which makes every member guilty as
an accessory before the fact, whether he actually parti-
cipated in the hanging or not. The Klan includes per-
sons in every class of society to be found in the Demo-
cratic party, which is fast becoming known in the
South as the Ku-Klux party. It is said that one old
lawyer, Major James Wyland, remonstrated vehe-
mently against being imprisoned, but Captain Tellefson
discharged his duty with an indomitable courage that
is to be commended. There are other dens of the
night-riding ghouls in the community, and an open war
between them and the troops is daily expected. It is
understood that the Governor has asked for the assist-
ance of Federal troops, but if this aid is not furnished
by the general government Captain Tellefson will be
reinforced by other companies of State troops."
212 Kv^Klux Klan No. Ifi,
A HEROINE APPEARS.
On the morning succeeding the incarceration of the
members of Klan No, 40, a young lady appeared in the
office usually occupied by the editor of the Westmlle
Cotiservative, and, taking the vacant chair at the desk,
sent the errand boy for the foreman. In answer to the
call, a coatless young man appeared in the door, with
his sleeves rolled up to his elbows, and his face, hands
and arms besmeared with grease and rust from the
" I have come to take charge of the editorial work
here," said the young lady with a business-like air that
evinced the stubborn determination of a very resolute
The foreman, at first, had manifested some embar-
assment on account of his own untidy appearance, but
now he was abashed by what he considered the imper-
tinent usurpation of an obstinate woman. The young-
lady noticed his incertitude, and so attempted to dispel
his perplexity by introducing ■ herself and asserting
what, in her opinion, constituted her right to assume
editorial control of the paper.
" I am Bessie DeYoy," she began (she had at once
adopted her true name after the death of Mrs. Seaton),
" and Albert, the editor, is my broth — ," but the emo-
tions excited by the last word stifled further utterance,
and all her bold aspirations vanished, leaving her only
a helpless, pitiable, grief-stricken girl.
A Heroine Appears. 213
The foreman now became convinced that bis first
estimate of her character was incorrect, and that, in-
stead of the bold, resolute virago he had at first im-
agined her to be, she was evidently a poor demented
girl, whose mind had lost its equilibrium on account of
the disappointments and buffetings of a cold and heart-
less world, and who, hearing of the vacancy in the edi-
torial department caused by the imprisonment of the
editor, had fancied herself his divinely commissioned
successor. Her beautiful face, gentle eyes, and quiet
demeanor all negatived the idea of a shrew, and her
deportment was inexplicable on any other hypothesis
than that of mental aberration. But even this false
impression was dispelled immediately on her recovery.
She was only a woman, tender-hearted and emotional,
and her agitation, under the circumstances, was per-
fectly natural, but she soon banished all excitation of
feeling, and returned to her original resolution.
" You, doubtless, think me strangely agitated," she
said, recovering her self-possession, " but you would not
be surprised if you knew the circumstances that excite
such feelings. It is altogether unnecessary, I hope, for
me explain the cause of my embarrassment, and it will
be sufficient for me to say that my intimate acquaint-
ance with the editor of the Conservative will acquit me
of the charge of intrusion, or usurpation, in taking pos-
session of the editorial department. If you doubt that
I am entitled to this privilege, you may become con-
vinced by communicating with the editor. I presume
the rigors of his imprisonment do not debar him from
all communication with the outside world."
"I do not know what arbitrary rules the military
214 Kv^Klux Klan No. li,0.
tyrant has established for the government of his pris-
oners," answered the foreman, who by this time was
convinced of the sanity of his visitor ; "and, as for my
part, it makes but little difference who furnishes the
editorial matter, and I think our printers would be still
less disturbed by any idea of a change in this depart-
ment, provided their weekly salaries are paid with reg-
" I will allay all uneasiness on that account by pay-
ing them a week's wages in advance," said Bessie.
"What is the capacity of your force and printing
" Our press has a capacity sufficient for the publica-
tion of a daily paper," answered the foreman ; " but
our force of type-setters is able to produce only a
" Can you obtain the additional help necessary to get
out a daily edition ?"
" Then ascertain what assistance is required, and pro-
cure it at once in order that we may begin the issue of
a daily to-morrow morning,"
"And for what length of time shall I engage the ad-
ditional help ?"
" Make a contract for only fifteen days at present.
This will carry us over the election, and my purpose is
to publish a daily for campaign purposes."
The foreman looked at the delicate white hands and
pretty face before him, and wondered what influence
such an innocent creature could have in a campaign in
which race prejudice and unbridled party malignity
were the chief factors. The malevolence of party strife
A Heroine Ajppears. 215
was never more virulent, and the acrimonious debates
heard on the hustings had to be reflected in the news-
papers. Indeed, a paper that aspired to the dignity of
being called the party organ, would be expected not
only to reflect public sentiment, but would be required
to take the initiative in all political movements, and to
act as a sentinel on the walls. Hence, the shrewd fore-
man prophesied disaster to the enterprise in the hands
of the unsophisticated girl ; but the same mercenary
motives he attributed to the other employees in the of-
fice, guided his own actions, and he was ready to em-
bark in any undertaking that promised a continuation
of his present employment.
" How many copies of the daily edition do you desire
to have printed?" asked the foreman.
" I have not completed by estimate yet," answered
Bessie. "I wish to have the paper furnished, gratis, to
every person who can read in the county, until election
" That will entail a tremendous expense," suggested
the foreman, still underrating the sagacity of the new
" The work will be accomplished regardless of ex-
pense," answered Bessie, in a tone calculated to allay
the suspicions of the penurious foreman.
" And how shall we secure the names and addresses
of our would-be subscribers ? "
" Go to the Sheriff," answered the girl, " and secure
his assistance. He is well acquainted with the people
of the county, and with the aid of his tax-books can
give you the name and address of almost every person
able to read in the county. He is an ardent Democrat,
216 Kv^Klux Kim. No. J^O.
and will readily assist you. Take the county by town-
ships, and make the list as complete as possible. With
the help of the Sheriff and your present subscription
list to the WeeMy Conservatme, I hope you will be able
to obtain a pretty accurate list for the daily. Secure
at once the requisite number of employees, and then
revise your subscription book. And remember we
have no time to lose."
Bessie laid a roll of manuscript containing editorial
matter on the editor's desk, and then placing a well-
fllled purse in the hands of the foreman, left the office.
" By Jove ! " exclaimed the foreman, as he gazed out
the window upon the queenly form retreating down
the street, after feasting his greedy eyes upon the con-
tents of the purse; "that woman possesses business
qualifications that never fail. At least, she has shrewd-
ness enough to adopt a precaution that always secures
prompt action in this office. I'll exhibit this purse to the
boys down stairs, and every mother's son of them will fall
in love with her without even seeing her face ; though,
if I was a suitor for her hand, I would prefer that all
rivals should have their eyes dazzled by visions of her
gold rather than by a sight of her pretty face. In fact,
I fear I should be as jealous as old Abraham was over
Sarah, and would call her my sister in order to avoid
the enmity of rivals. Great God ! " he exclaimed
again, after a few moments' reflection over the incident
of Abraham and Sarah before Pharoah, " I verily be-
lieve that girl is Albert Seaton's sweetheart, and she
tried to palm herself off on me as his sister in order to
make some show of authority for assuming control of
the office. I wouldn't be afraid to hazard this purse as
A Heroine Appears. 217
a wager that's it, and she choked at the word 'brother'
because she couldn't tell a story. That explains her
strange conduct at first ; at least, I'll keep an open eye
on her and find out."
" I wish to see Captain Tellefson," said Bessie, ad-
dressing Husky Diggs, as she appeared a few moments
later at the door of the court-house.
"All right, ma'am," he answered with more civility
than he had hitherto exhibited towards any visitor.
" Jest keep still a minute, till I go an' tell him."
" There's a bundle of rufiies an' frills at the door what
wants to speak to you," was the polite announcement
the unlettered aide-de-camp made to his superior oflBcer,
" Is she pretty ? " asked Cross-eyed Telf .
" Purty as a pink," answered Husky Diggs ; " an'
she's pranked out in her Sunday bib and tucker, too."
" Tell her to come in, then."
Husky Diggs returned to where Bessie was left stand-
" The Capting's all smiles. Miss," he said, " an' says
he'll be glad to see you, an' you needn't be too skittish,
for you'll never know the squint-eyed loon is lookin'
Saying this, Husky Diggs ushered Bessie into the
presence of the tyrant, Tellefson, with all the obsequi-
ous deference he could command.
Cross-eyed Telf was sitting in front of a small table
on which lay some writing material, and on the appear-
ance of the young lady he arose and bowed politely.
The side of his head from which his ear had been shot
was turned toward Bessie, and the girl actually shud-
dered at his repulsive appearance.
218 Kv^Klux Klan No. 1^0.
" I have called, Captain Tellefson," said Bessie, " to
inquire if I may be permitted to send a few copies of
the Westmlle Conservative to your prisoners each morn-
" Why, certainly," answered Cross-eyed Telf, looking,
as Bessie thought, directly at Husky Diggs, and verify-
ing that sage's prediction as to the uncertainty of the
object of his master's vision. "But I thought the
Conservative was only a weekly paper."
" It will be issued daily for a few weeks, at least,"
"Ahem !" said Cross-eyed Telf. "I had hoped the dirty
sheet would be suppressed when we cooped the young
Ku-Klux editor ; but it seems that, as fast as we tie the
thongs around the claws of one scribbler, another crops
up to take his place,"
" Just as many another deserving enterprise has been
fostered by the hand of persecution," answered Bessie
" You are quite pert, Miss," answered the lop-eared
clown, " but I'll have vou to understand there is no
persecution in this case, unless you call shackling the
bloody hands of a murderer persecution."
"Albert Seaton is not a murderer," answered Bessie
hotly, " and any insinuation to that effect is a malicious
slander. But I do not desire to discuss that question
now, and as I have accomplished the object of my mis-
sion, I wish to thank you for your kindness in grant-
ing my request, and now I am ready to return."
" I would like to know, before you leave, who the new
quill-driver is to be," said Cross-eyed Telf.
" I expect to edit the paper myself," answered Bessie.
A Heroine Appears. 219
"O, ho ! and there is to be a female hand at the plough,"
answered Cross-eyed Telf. " Well, old Ben Butler said
at New Orleans that ' there is no difference between a
he-adder and a she-adder in their venom ;' but I warn
you now, Miss, that the first time you begin to sneer
at my authority, you will find such a hornet's nest
about your ears, you will wish you had never heard of
a printing press."
" I shall conduct the paper according to my own no-
tions of propriety," answered Bessie indignantly, "and
in return, I warn you that you are preparing a halter
for your own neck when you imprison innocent citizens,
and refuse to accord them the Constitutional privilege
of a speedy trial."
During the time consumed by this dialogue, Bessie
had remained standing, having declined to accept a
proffered chair, and she now turned and left the room,
before Cross-eyed Telf could recover from his amaze-
ment at her defiance of his authority sufficiently to an-
" Gosh ! the ruffles, you spoke of, were in her temper
instead of her skirts,", said Cross-eyed Telfj to Husky
Diggs after she had gone.
" She is a little cantankerous for sich a dapper gal,"
answered the witless underling ; "an', then, you can't
snap your fingers at a purty gal as easily as you can
choke a Ku-Klux."
" Don't you put a thorn in your heart, and go into
mourning on that account, until you see me deal with
her," answered the ill-visaged master.
Bessie returned to her office in the Conservative build-
ing, where she found everything in a state of bustling
220 Kv^Klux Elan No. Jf-O.
activity. Her instructions to the foreman had been
obeyed with promptitude, and every employee in the
office, stimulated by the incentive found in the purse of
gold exhibited by the foreman, had worked with such
unremitting assiduity that the ponderous press was al-
ready rolling off the outside pages of the Daily Con-
servative. Every attache of the office had been made
acquainted with Bessie's alleged engagement to Albert
Seaton, which the sagacious foreman had related to
them, with many embellishments and improvements on
the story of Abraham and Sarah as told in the ttvelfth
and twentieth chapters of Genesis, and when she ap-
peared in the door of the printing room, to observe how
the work was progressing, a wave of excitement swept
over the room, and all heads were turned toward the
reputed betrothed, like heads of wheat all turn in one
direction before a gust of wind. Bessie was altogether
unconscious of the real cause of their curiosity, but at-
tributed their excitement to their natural desire to see
the successor to the imprisoned editor.
After satisfying herself that everything was moving
on smoothly, and ascertaining that the editorial matter
furnished by her early in the morning was amply suf-
ficient to fill all available space in the first issue of the
paper, she returned to the embrace of her dearest
friend, Minnie Wyland, from whom she had separated
that morning, after many earnest protestations on Min-
nie's part against her assuming the position of editress
of a party organ, in a time of such turbulence and par-
It had been arranged that she should live with Min-
nie, at least until after the election, when everybody
A Heroine Appears. 221
hoped that the fever of political excitement would sub-
side and the hand of persecution be sta3^ed, and they
mutually endeavored to comfort and assist each other.
One of them mourned the banishment of a father and
an acknowledged lover, and the other bewailed the
absence of well, no relation whatever; but her grief
was sincere and pathetic, notwithstanding.
l^ext morning the whole country was surprised at
th€ appearance of the Daily Conservative, but amaze-
ment changed to admiration when the announcement
was read that Judge Farwell was the Democratic can-
didate for Congress from that district, and Albert Sea-
ton the county candidate for the Legislature. The
county was electrified, and letters and communications
approving the nominations came pouring in, until
there was not space for their publication. Every Dem-
ocrat in the county rallied to the support of the stand-
ard-bearers, and the words " From prison to Congress "
and " From prison to Legislature " became the battle-
cries of the party.
The astonishment was nowhere greater than among
the prisoners in the court-house, when Husky Diggs
threw a bundle of papers in the door with the remark :
" Come an' git yer daily breakf ust, an' the greediest
nose gits the most swill. Husky Diggs always feeds
his hogs the kind of slop they like to waller in best,
an' the little she-editor has b'iled ye some soup that
will tickle the nose of any swinish Ku-Klux, Come up,
an' git yer swill !"
The papers were eagerly seized and their contents
devoured with avidity, notwithstanding the heathenish
announcement of the ill-bred outlaw. It is impossible
222 Kv^Elux Elan No. J^O.
to describe the sensations produced by the paper.
Forty-eight hours of imprisonment had not tamed the
spirits of the prisoners, but had increased their desire
for a knowledge of what was going on in the outside
world, wonderfully, and the article, proclaiming the
candidacy of two of the prisoners, so thrilled their
hearts that a shout of approval issued from a hundred
throats at once and fairly shook the window panes.
Major Wyland advanced, his heart filled with emo-
tion, and grasped the hand of Judge Farwell and Al-
bert, and after congratulating them, assured them of his
hope of their election. Every man in the house fol-
lowed the example, and a regular scene of hand-shak-
The Judiciary Exhausted. 223
THE JUDICIARY EXHAUSTED.
Our late unfortunate civil war has frequently been
spoken of as the " time that tried men's souls " ; but,
while conceding the fact that it requires great moral,
as well as physicalcourage, to discharge efficiently the
duties of a soldier, it must still be asserted, speaking
with reference to the South, at least, that the real time
that " tried men's souls " was the period of twenty
years immediately succeeding the surrender at Appo-
mattox. The unsettled condition of the country, re-
sulting from the overthrow of the Confederate gov-
ernment, made the South an inviting field for political
adventurers, and the conflict which then ensued between
the right and the wrong, though noiseless, was more
soul-destroying than the great war ; because men, in
their greed for wealth and inordinate desire for politi-
cal preferment, forgot all moral obligations and resorted
to crime in order to accomplish their aims and reach
the goal of their ambition. Many, even among those
who had reached the last round in the ladder and stood
upon the very pinnacle of fame, prostituted their high
offices to serve the basest of partisan purposes.
Human nature is a strange thing, and is unsuscepti-
ble of correct analization. Religious devotees will
commit murder, or any other crime mentioned in the
decalogue, if in their wild fanaticism they can be per-
suaded to believe that their crimes will further the
interests of the church ; and partisan enthusiasts will
224 Kv^Klux Klan No. Ifi.
do the same thing, in order to insure the success of
their party. Why this is so is incapable of explana-
tion, and yet history teaches us the truth of such an
assertion. The history of the period of reconstruction
certainly justifies such a statement, as every person
who resided in the South during that eventful time
The enterprising Westville Conservative may relate
how the Governor prostituted his powers to serve the
base conspiracy to perpetuate the reign of the Repub-
lican party, by denying to innocent prisoners their
Constitutional rights. The issue of July 25th, 1870,
" Yesterday a writ of habeas corpus, issued by the
Chief Justice of our Supreme Court, was served on
Capt. Crawford Tellefson, commanding him to bring
the body of Major James Wyland before the Chief
Justice, that the cause of his imprisonment might be
inquired into ; but the officer who served the writ
made return that Captain Tellefson indignantly refused
to surrender his prisoner, saying that he was acting
under the orders of the Governor in disobeying the
mandate, and that he would not give up his prisoner
until ordered to do so by the Governor, or compelled
to surrender to superior forces. He also intimated
that a court-martial had been appointed to try the
prisoners now confined in the court-house in Westville,
and sneeringly remarked that writs emanating from
our civil courts had ' played out.'
"On receipt of the Sheriff's return, the Chief Jus-
tice wrote to the Governor, inquiring whether Captain
Tellefson was acting under the Governor's orders in
The Judiciary Exhausted. 225
disregarding^, the writ, and on being informed that
such was the^fact, the Chief Justice refused the order
for an attachment against Captain Tellefson — a motion
for an attachment having been made by counsel for
Major Wyland — and the proceeding was dismissed.
" Thus the power of the Judiciary fails because our
Governor, who is the Commander-in-Chief of the State
militia, and has the whole power of the State at his back,
elects to serve the behests of his party by trampling
the Constitution under his feet. Innocent persons,
men of high moral character and superior intelligence,
are charged with the crime of murder, and held in close
custody, and are denied the constitutional right of
having the cause of their detention inquired into under
the most sacred process of our civil courts.
"Yerily, these are evil days, and our people are
swallowing the very dregs of the cup of misery, but
the Conservative would still advise the exercise of pa-
tience and endurance. Our affliction is indeed great,
but a resort to violence would only aggravate the evil
by producing civil war, and God knows our country
has already seen enough of blood.
'• For the action of our Chief Justice, there is at
least a word of excuse ; but for our Governor, none.
Suppose the writ of attachment had been granted by
our Chief Justice — who could execute it ? The Gov-
ernor has declared this county in a state of insurrec-
tion; he is the Commander-in-Chief of the State
militia ; every able-bodied man in the State belongs to
the militia, and he has ordered a part of the militia to
make these arrests and disregard the writs of our civil
courts. How, then, could the Chief Justice order the
226 Kiv-Klux Klan No. J^O.
remaining portion of the militia to violate the orders
of their Commander-in-Chief, and engage in conflict
with the portion already in the field ? Thus it may
be seen, that the whole responsibility for this subver-
sion of the liberties and rights of our people, rests on
the Governor, and the power of the Judiciary is ex-
A New Scheme. 227
A NEW SCHEME.
Dr. Wyland was a good man, whose faith in the right
never deserted him ; consequently he was not discour-
aged by the adverse decision of the Chief Justice, as
recorded in the last chapter.
"God is not only good, but just," he muttered to
himself, as he wended his way toward the courthouse
on the morning after the announcement of the Chief
Justice's decision, "and the right will yet prevail.
Heaven knows these men are not murderers, and a
prison is not the proper abode for such spirits as theirs."
So saying, he reached the courthouse, and was ac-
costed by Husky Diggs.
" Hello ! old pill-maker," said that worthy, as the
good physician approached the door. " None of the
jail-bird Ku-Klux is sick, so you needn't come prowlin'
around tryin' to feel their pulses."
" I have not come to administer physic, as you im-
agine," answered the doctor, " but I simply desire to
have an interview with my brother. Major "Wyland."
" Have to see Old Cross-eyed Telf about that," an-
swered Husky Diggs ; " but I'll go an' ax him."
Cross-eyed Telf was found at his usual place beside
a whiskey keg, but it was too early in the morning for
him to be very drunk.
" There's an old leech at the door what wants to talk
with the old cross-questioner," announced the bandit.
Having received the instruction from his master,
228 Kv^Klux Klan No. kO.
Husky Diggs ushered Dr. Wyland into the presence of
the terror of the county.
Cross-eyed Telf was sitting beside a keg of his favor-
ite brandy, and was too ill-mannered to rise on the
approach of his visitor ; and as he seemed to be looking
directly out of the window, Dr. Wyland saw at once that
he was likely to meet with a very cold reception. The
squint-eyed worker of iniquity was more hideous look-
ing than ever, for the gangrenous ulcer, that had ap-
peared in the place of his lost ear, gave him a most
" I wish to be allowed to speak with my brother,
Major Wyland," said the doctor, addressing the repul-
sive looking being before him.
" And what do you want to see him about % " asked
" I desire to consult him as to the best method of
securing his release from prison," answered the doctor,
" Don't you know you have already tried your highest
court, and made a flash in the pan ? " asked the Cross-
eyed bandit, looking savagely at the keg of brandy, as
Dr. Wyland thought, but in reality at the doctor. " I
tell you, old man, these bush-whacking Ku-Klux are to
be tried by court martial, and no crafty old sheepskin-
thumber oan prevent it, so you just as well pocket the
affront, and truckle to it at once."
"A trial before a court, organized for the express
purpose of convicting, would be a farce," anwered the
" Not more so than the trial of a Ku-Klux before a
Ku-Klux jury," answered Cross-eyed Telf.
A New Scheme. 229
" We have no Ku-Klux juries," answered Dr. Wy land ;
"but, rather, with the aid of radical Sheriffs and
Judges, our juries are largely composed of scalawags,
carpet-baggers and negroes. But I do not care to dis-
cuss these matters now. I want to see my brother,
and to know if he can devise any means to secure his
release from imprisonment."
" I have already told you your civil courts were out
of date," said Crossed Telf ; " but if you insist on
having the agile old limb of the law to whistle jigs to
a milestone, I'll send Husky Diggs after him and let
you see him bite the dust."
The case did look hopeless, indeed ; but Dr. Wyland
had witnessed too many triumphs, due to his brother's
astuteness and skill as a lawyer, to abandon all hope
without giving the old lawyer a chance, and therefore
he insisted on seeing him.
Husky Diggs soon returned with his prisoner, and,
after an affectionate greeting, Dr. Wyland informed
his brother of the object of his visit.
" And on what ground did the Chief Justice refuse
to enforce the writ of habeas corpus by the issue of an
attachment ? " asked Major Wyland, on being informed
of the previous failure.
" Because I told him such writs had played out,"
interposed Cross-eyed Telf.
" I have not seen a copy of his decision," answered
Dr. Wyland, " but I understand he based his opinion
on the ground that any officer whom he could appoint
to execute the writ, must necessarily be a member of
the State militia, and as the Governor, acting in the
capacity of Commander-in-Chief of the militia, had
230 Ku-Klux Klan No. Jt.0.
already directed Captain Tellefson to disobey the writ,
the authority of the Governor must be treated as para-
mount to that of the civil courts."
"That's it," again interposed Cross-eyed Telf. "I
tell you, my sway in these parts is not to be sneezed at
by any silk-gowned opinionator, and as long as I rule
the roost the d — n Ku-Klux must keep in doors."
"Ah, I see the point," said Major Wyland, again leav-
ing the boastful remarks of Cross-eyed Telf unnoticed.
" The civil process failed, simply for the want of power
to execute it."
"And is it true, then, that the power of our civil
courts is exhausted ?" asked Dr. Wyland.
" No," answered the lawyer, " that is never the case,
except in time of war, and all we need now is to find a
judge who knows his power and has the courage of his
"And where can we hope to find such a judge ?"
asked the doctor.
"Our Federal court judges would not be hampered
by any such considerations as seemed to trouble the
Chief Justice, and I recommend that you resort next
to the judge of our Federal District," answered Major
" Useless, I tell you ; it is useless !" again ejaculated
Cross-eyed Telf. " The Governor is my seconder, and
as long as he backs me, I intend to hold you at the
sword's point, though Grant himself should come to
" I think I shall act on your suggestion at once, my
brother," said Dr. Wyland, "and I will now take my
leave of you, that no time may be lost." .
A New Scheme. 231
So saying Dr. Wyland departed, and as Husky Diggs
conducted Major Wyland back to his quarters upstairs,
old Cross-eyed Telf was heard to mutter :
" D — n that old needle-minded lawyer, I half believe
the pawky old Ku-Klux will clip the wings of our plan
" Hello ! What fate is that you are bemoaning as if
you had been steeped to the lips in misery !"
It was Tinklepaugh who spoke, as he and Weston en-
tered the room. .
"Oh, I wasn't whining over anything," answered
Cross-eyed Telf; "but I just thought to make a wry
face at the old Ku-Klux lawyer."
" Come, now, no prevarication," said Weston. " That
was not a tone of defiance we heard, so just confess
that you are a little crestfallen over something."
" Oh, I was simply a crop too low, I guess," answered
Cross-eyed Telf, "and was beginning to pipe my eye
over nothing, so just join me in splicing the main brace
with a bowl of grog."
Cross-eyed Telf handed a decanter of brandy to
" Come, gentlemen," said Weston, " I'll be the priest
while we sacrifice at the shrine of Bacchus. Each man
shall drain to the bottom the glass I fill for him."
So saying, he filled three glasses to the brim.
" Good ! I vote you a silk surplice for your clever-
ness already," said Tinklepaugh, as he quaffed the
contents of his glass.
"And I a silk skull-cap," said Cross-eyed Telf. " I
see he don't undertake to help a lame dog over a stile
with one hand. He said I was ailing, and I see he be-
lieves it, so I had just as well confess."
232 Kvr-Klux Klan No. Jfi.
"Pray, what is it that troubles you, then?" asked
" Oh, nothing except that old Ku-Klux Wyland has
advised his brother to apply to the Federal Court for
another writ of habeas corjpus^'' answered Cross-eyed
"And what are you going to do, if it is granted ?"
" Well, I'm only playing second fiddle in this matter,
you know, and I reckon the best thing I can do is to
hang on to the Governor's sleeve until the bubble
" You don't mean to suggest that we cannot depend
on your assistance in this emergency, do you ?" said
" Depend on me ?" answered Cross-eyed Telf, mani-
festing some displeasure at the question. " Didn't I
tell you I was going to swing on to the Governor's
sleeve as long as he stood at the helm ? I'm no shilly-
shally waverer, to play fast and loose with fortune,
when the chances for me are all on one side. If the
Governor flickers I fail, but as long as he sticks to me,
I intend to torment the Ku-Klux until the last bloody
night-rider crouches in the dust."
" That is a noble sentiment, fittingly declared," said
Weston. "If the Governor possessed your pluck, I
would entertain no fear of our success."
"And do you really apprehend that there is danger
of our defeat?" asked Tinklepaugh.
" I feel compelled to answer that I do," said Weston.
"If a F ederal Judge should order a United States
Marshal to execute the writ he would have the whole
A New Scheme. 233
Federal army at his back, and our State troops would
be obliged to give way."
" But don't you know that the general government
is with us in this fight against the Ku-Klux ? " asked
" Yes," answered Weston, " but there is the habeas
corpus act of 1867, which our Federal Judges dare not
ignore, and if a writ is once granted under the statute
and placed in the hands of a United States Marshal, it
would be enforced if, in order to do so, it should be
necessary to call into requisition the whole power of
" What do you think of our good Solicitor, now,
Captain?" said Tinklepaugh, addressing Cross-eyed
Telf. " It seems to me he is the one who is rather
" Yes, the thought of a United States Marshal seems
to take all the grit out of his craw," answered Cross-eyed
Telf. " He seems to be worse down-in-the-mouth than
he accused me of being, when he first came in."
" Perhaps he needs another drink," suggested Tinkle-
" I think I shall officiate at the altar, myself, this
time." And Tinklepaugh imitated Weston by filling the
glasses to the brim.
" I tell you what I would do, if I were a Federal
Judge and an application was made to me to release
the Ku-Klux prisoners," said Tinklepaugh, as he swal-
lowed the fiery brandy. " I should treat them as having
forfeited their citizenship when they joined an organi-
zation hostile to the government, and would leave them
to the mercy of the State authorities."
234 Ktc-Klux Klan No. UO.
" And that would be to hang the last one of them,"
said Cross-eyed Telf. " But I tell you what would save a
lot of hangings, even if we had the power to hang.
If we could muzzle the mouth of that little Ku-Klux
editress we would nip in the bud a sight of devilment
in these parts."
" I agree with you in that," said Weston. " Her sug-
gestion of candidates for Congress and the Legislature
appears to have received a hearty response from the
Bourbon Democracy, probably because the men selected
were the most obnoxious to all other classes, and if
something is not done to check the popular drift they
will be successful at the polls."
"There he goes, again," said Tinklepaugh, "bemoan-
ing our fate, instead up taking up cudgels and combat-
ting the opposing forces."
"And how can a man fight a ^'^oung woman?" asked
Weston. " If the editor was only a man, we could
have him horse-whipped and silenced in an hour, but
we cannot proceed in that way against a young lady."
"We might adopt the Captain's suggestion," said
Tinklepaugh ; " we might muzzle her."
" And how ? "
" Well," answered the wily ex-teacher. " suppose she
should conclude to abandon her work for a Avhile, and
go to some summer resort for the benefit of her
health ? I know of a little hut — near the river, where
the murderous ghouls tried to drown me — that would
make a splendid watering place."
" That is a good idea ; but how can we induce her
to go ? "
" Oh, leave that matter to Captain Tellefson," an-
A New Scheme. 235
swered Tinklepaiigh. " He is an adept at kidnapping
folks successfully, and leaving the memory of the deed
only in a crazy brain."
Cross-ej'ed Telf was so startled at this last remark,
that his eyes, which had never been properly set, fairly
danced in their sockets. This was the second time
Tinklepaugh had hinted that he possessed dangerous
knowledge as to the manner of the untimely death of
John Latham, but again Cross-eyed Telf remained
silent, wisely thinking that if Tinklepaugh really knew
anything, it could do no good to ask any questions.
" But would not the young editress be a little lone-
some in such a secluded place all alone ? " asked Weston.
" How would it do to have Miss Minnie "Wyland accom-
pany her ? If, by that means, we could drive her old
father crazy, we would rid ourselves of our most dan-
" That's a good idea," said Cross-eyed Telf. " Cage
all the Ku-Klux and their offspring, and wipe them off
the face of the earth forever."
Cross-eyed Telf was now thoroughly convinced that
Tinklepaugh, as well as Weston, knew all about the
death of John Latham, and the thought made him
" I have the plan, now," said Tinklepaugh, after a
moment's reflection, aided in his devilment by the
burning brandy. " I understand the young editress
spends very little time in the office herself, merely
sending the editorial matter down each morning. Now,
if she could be removed to a place of safety before
morning, what is to hinder us from preparing the edi-
torial matter ourselves ? But my plan is a little more
236 Kv^Klux Klcm No. Ifi.
extensive than that. Suppose we prepare an editorial,
suggesting some plausible reason for withdrawing the
candidacy of Judge Farwell and Albert Seaton, and
leaving the Democratic party without candidates for
these two important offices. You remember they were
nominated solelj^ by the Westville Conservative^ and
though the nomination has been generally acquiesced
in by the party, yet they do not stand on the same
footing of the other candidates, and a withdrawal of
their names by that paper would throw the party into
such a state of confusion that they would be unable to
recover until after the election. It is now only a few
days until the election, and the fraud could hardly be
discovered in time to prevent its evil consequences."
" Your plan is an admirable one," said Weston, " and
I believe it can be made successful if Captain Tellef son
will agree to perform his part."
" Well, you have given me rather a ticklish card to
play," said Cross-eyed Telf, " but you may always de-
pend upon me to do the needful in any political job."
"That's right," said Tinklepaugh ; "and now there is
only one other thing to do. We must see the Governor,
and induce him, if possible, to protest against any in-
terference on the part of the general government ; but
if the writ should be issued, any way, then we must
secure as long a delay as possible. Captain Tellefson
must ask for time to prepare his return to the writ, and
it may be that we can carry the matter over the elec-
With this understanding the t-wo little villains de-
parted, leaving the lop-eared, cross-eyed villain to work
out his own plan for accomplishing his part of the
" political job."
Pro Bono Publico. 237
PRO BONO PUBLICO.
The diabolical ingenuity displayed by Weston and
Tinklepaugh, in inventing the scheme for silencing the
Democratic organ as detailed in the last chapter, was
only equalled by the alacrity with which Cross-eyed
Telf executed the plot.
Bessie DeVoy had worked so incessantly, since tak-
ing charge of the Westville Conservative.^ that the labor
and excitement had already begun to prey upon her
health, and Dr. Wyland, her physician and testamen-
tary guardian, had recommended frequent exercise on
horseback. Consequently, she and Minnie engaged in
that delightful recreation every evening, accompanied
by Uncle Ben, who had given up all hope of ever pos-
sessing " de forty acres an' de mule," and had returned
to his old master's to live. The road selected was very
quiet and secluded, leading along the river bank, and
the young ladies enjoyed the exercise and had no fear
On the evening after the plan for their abduction
had been concocted by the three villains, and its exe-
cution determined upon as a political necessity, the two
young ladies were riding quietly along the road, when
all at once, on turning a sharp curve in the road fol-
lowing a bend in the river, they were confronted by a
motley band of troops, some white and some colored,
led by Husky Diggs.
" Hands up !" yelled the grim-visaged ruffian, adopt-
238 Kvr-Klux Klan No. ^0.
ing his usual method of making arrests. " You two
bundles of frippery, and the black escort, is my prison-
They were all three two badly frightened to make
any resistance; besides, any attempt at opposition would
have been useless. The reins of each horse were imme-
diately seized by a couple of troopers, and the riders
were commanded to dismount.
" Oh, please do not kill us !" pleaded Bessie, recover-
ing her self-possession sufficiently to speak, and recog-
nizing Husky Diggs as the man who had admitted her
to the interview with Cross-eyed Telf .
" Oh, don't git skeered, my butterfly," said Husky
Diggs. " We ain't goin' to hurt a hair on yer head,
nor a ruffle on yer skirt. Old Cross-eyed Telf jest
means to take ye under his pertectin' arm till the storm
" Oh, please let us go," again pleaded the frightened
girl, made bolder by the reassuring words of Husky
Diggs. " I am sure we have done you no harm, and
do not deserve such treatment,"
" Too late to plead innocent after bein' convicted,"
answered the heartless bandit in a tone that dispelled
all hope. " When petticoats are changed for breeches,
the wearer must expect to be served like a man.
Female politicianers must eat the bread in soak for
their Ku-Klux aiders."
These ominous words of the ruffian recalled to the
mind of the poor girl all the weight of the terrible re-
sponsibility she had assumed in taking charge of the
party organ — a thought she had been fighting back
vt^ith all her strength. For days her heart had been bur-
Pro Bono Publico. 239
dened with a sense of responsibility she shuddered to
contemplate, but her resolution had been fed and
strengthened by the novelty and excitement of her po-
sition, and her power of endurance had been sustained
thereby beyond her natural strength ; but now that her
occupation was about to be rudely wrested from her,
she realized for the first time the full gravity of her
Husky Diggs was never dilatory in the execution of
his master's orders, so, catching Bessie by both arms
without further parley, he partly assisted and partly
dragged her to the ground, and then performed a like
service for Minnie. He next turned his attention to
"Git down, you nigger minion of a Ku-Klux master !"
he shouted, in tones that brought to the poor negro's
limbs all the suppleness they possessed in his youth,
when he danced jigs in his master's kitchen, and caused
his feet to strike the ground before his tormentor ceased
speaking. "A purty servin'-man you are, to be settin'
there in the saddle and the ladies waitin' to be led to
The horses were now turned loose to go home as
they pleased, and Husky Diggs conducted his newly
made prisoners to the door of the little hut, designated
by Tinklepaugh as a suitable place of safety for them.
The building was a rude log structure, situated about a
hundred vards from the river, at the foot of a small
mountain. It was entirely surrounded by trees and a
thick undergrowth of laurel, and the only means of
access to it was by a little blind path, which wound
among the trees and laurel bushes in such a labyrinth-
240 Kv^Klux Klan No. Ifi.
ian maze as to bewilder any person not acquainted with
On reaching the door, both girls began to cry. The
thought that this was to be their prison-house made
the little frail hut look as formidable and dreadful, to
them, as the great London tower appeared to the politi-
cal victims of old England's persecutions in past cen-
" Oh, I do not want to go in there," cried Minnie,
shuddering and speaking for the first time since their
seizure by the bandits. " Please let us go home. What
have we done to incur the displeasure of any one?
Why are we arrested and detained in this secret place?"
" Oh, come, now, Miss," answered Husky Diggs ;
"don't fly into a hysterical fit. now .No use to whine
over spilt milk, you know, an' as to why you are here —
all I know is, Old Cross-eyed Telf said for us to cage
ye, an' that's enough. It ain't none of my business to
ask questions, an' it won't do you any good to do so,
neither ; so jest step in an' make yerselves at home."
The girls feared to make any resistance, or to per-
mit Uncle Ben to do so, and so they entered the house
as directed. Notwithstanding the uninviting outside
appearance of the little log hut, inside it was real cozy.
The rough inside ceiling had been hastily covered with
cheap wall paper ; there was a neat little carpet on the
floor, loosely laid, a lounge in one corner by the rude
fireplace, a neat looking bed across the back end of
the room, two chairs and a table in the middle of the
floor, and on the table was a lamp and a basket, over
which was thrown a white cloth.
Uncle Ben sat in the door without saying a word,
and both girls sat on the lounge and cried.
Pro Bono Publico. 241
" Oh, Minnie," said Bessie, clasping* both arms around
her neck and hugging her hysterically, " I alone am to
blame for this, and, poor girl, you are made to suffer,
too, for my foolishness. I ought to have known better
than to have undertaken to edit a paper during such
exciting times, and I remember you begged me not to
assume such a task."
" Do not reproach yourself for anything on my ac-
count," answered Minnie. " Perhaps you did right in
taking Albert's place ; I am sure all will be right if
Several ifs proposed themselves to Minnie's mind at
the same time — one of them suggesting the contin-
gency of their final deliverance unhurt; but that which
choked her utterance, was one that was intended to
introduce a clause in which the election of Bessie's
candidate for Congress should be foretold. Not even
the humiliation and peril she was then suffering could
expel from her mind and heart the hope that Judge
Farwell should be elected, and a reconciliation be
effected between him and her father. Perhaps if she
could have known that the imprisonment of the two
men together had already caused them to clasp hands,
in mutual friendship, she could have borne with less
pain the thought of her confinement.
The sun soon hid itself behind the mountain, and the
shades of a fateful evening began to gather and close
around the little hut. Husky Diggs came in to light
the lamp and announce supper, but the sight of the
two weeping girls, lying prostrate on the lounge, clasped
in each other's embrace, was enough to silence, for a
moment, the tongue of even such a gibberish brute as
242 Kiir-Klux Klan No. J^O.
he, so he silently emptied the rich viands in the basket
on the table and retired.
Not even Uncle Ben had the courage or appetite to
taste the food, so it was left untouched. All night
long the two girls sat on the lounge and cried, and
Uncle Ben sat in the door and watched and waited and
nodded, hardly able to realize the situation, and utterly
helpless to protect those under his charge. The troops
remained outside the hut, and slept and watched by
turns until day.
A Last Effort. 243
A LAST EFFORT.
Day dawned, at last, around the little hut in which
Bessie and Minnie had spent a miserable night. The
effulgent rays of the morning sun shot across the floor
through the open door and peeped in at the only win-
dow in the walls of the little log building, and a whole
colony of pretty birds, with sweet, chirping voices,
gathered in the trees around and sang merrily the
praises of the beautiful summer morning ; but none of
these brought comfort to the two sleepless, helpless,
disconsolate girls within. Night, with its sombre hues
and death-like stillness, is more in consonance with the
feelings of newh^^-made prisoners than the open day,
with its activity and life, because every evidence of the
freedom without, when viewed through a prison win-
dow, is but a painful reminder to the captives within
of the comforts of which they are deprived ; so, the
two girls still clung helplessly to each other, and even
the merry chirping of the birds in the trees was a
source of annoyance to them, iiotwithstanding this
was the only sound they had heard since the evening
A negro can sleep in any climate, in any attitude, and
under any circumstances. Indeed, it has been asserted,
upon apparently good authority, that they have been
known to sleep while actuall}" following the plough ;
but whether this ancient implement of agriculture was
guided with the same degree of skill under such cir-
244 Kv^Khix Klan No. Ifi.
cumstances is not recorded. Uncle Ben was no excep-
tion to the rule, and was sitting with his head resting
against the door-facing, drinking in the pleasant sun-
shine, when he was awakened by some one violently
shaking him by the shoulder.
"I hain't done nuffin' to be 'prisoned fur; I jes' lef
de 'Publican party 'cause dey wouldn't gib mede forty
acres an' de mule," said Uncle Ben, rubbing his eyes.
The innocent old darkey had gone to sleep, under the
impression that all the troubles he and his proteges
were now" experiencing were caused by his recent de-
fection from the Kepubhcan party, on account of the
failure to carry out its pledges to its wards, the re-
cently enfranchised negroes.
" Xobody cares about your party affiliations now,"
said Weston, for it was he who interrupted the man's
slumbers. " Just announce my presence to the young
ladies, and tell Miss Minnie I would like to have an in-
terview with her."
Uncle Ben was a model servant, having received his
training in the days of slavery, and he announced Wes-
ton's appearance with the same ceremonious air he
would have adopted had he been announcing the pres-
ence of the most welcome visitor to the residence of
his late master. The young ladies, however, were too
much astonished at the approach of a visitor to evince
the same politeness; besides, they suspected that the
visit of the little Solicitor boded no good to them, so
they simply remained silent. But Weston had not ex-
pected a very cordial welcome, and so did not wait to
be invited in.
" Good morning, ladies," he said, taking a chair by
A Last Effort. 245
the table in the middle of the room. "I am sorry to see,
from appearances, that you probably have not passed a
very comfortable night."
" I would presume," answered Minnie, disengaging
herself from Bessie's grasp and sitting upright on the
lounge, " that whatever suffering we have had to en-
dure is a matter of indifference to you, since I doubt
not you are in a large measure responsible for it."
" You do me great injustice, I assure you," answered
Weston. " I have already told you that I feel a deep
concern in your welfare, and the purpose of my visit
this morning is to reassure you of that fact."
" The most positive assurance you could give would
be to release us from our present environments," an-
"And that I have come to do," answered Weston,
" but on one condition — that you well know."
" But what if I should refuse to accept freedom on
" Then you must take the consequences."
"And what consequences are expected to follow ?"
" I have only to say that I will not be responsible for
" But you will."
" Then if you prefer it, I will say that I will not at-
tempt to prevent them."
"Mr. Weston," said Minnie, nerved to desperation
by the very peril of her situation, " I told you once that
I could never marry you, and I thought it was agreed
then that vour suit was not to be renewed."
" On the contrary," answered Weston, " I told you
then that if I could not win your hand with the char-
246 Kvr-Klux Klan No. k-O.
acter for honest}^ which I then possessed, I would re-
new my suit as the villain of villains, when considera-
tions of personal safety would make it to your interest
to marry me. That time has now come."
Minnie recalled the ominous threat, referred to by
the unprincipled little scoundrel, and her whole frame
shuddered with fear. But she did not hesitate.
" Mr. Weston," she said, with a voice quivering with
emotion and fear, " I was taught at first to esteem you
as a friend, but I find that your friendship is more
deadly than your enmity. By your perfidy in misrep-
resenting Judge Farwell, you have forfeited all claim
to my friendship, and having lost that, you cannot hope
to have me regard you with the holier affection of love.
Even the friendship I formerly professed and felt for
you has been changed into a loathing hate by your in-
sidious treachery and unscrupulous abuse of the power
you possessed, and nothing now can ever change my
estimate of your character, or induce me to entrust my
happiness to your keeping. Death, accompanied with
the most horrible agonies your diabolical ingenuity can
inflict, would be far preferable to a conjugal union with
one whom I view with such horror."
'• Hold, rash woman !" shrieked the little demon in an
impassioned voice, while his eyes gleamed with satanic
fury. " Do not exasperate me and force me to execute
my vengeance before the time. Let me keep cool, that
the work may be accomplished with a hellish slowness
of torture. Let me make the victims of my enmity
cringe and cower before me, ere I inflict upon them the
excruciating agonies of a two-fold death. To annihi-
late my enemies, without having them to bow before me
A Last Effort. 247
in supplication, would be to rob myself of half the pleas- ,
ure I would feel in their death. So, just keep cool, \
and let your final rejection of my suit, if such must be
the outcome, be done deliberately ; but I warn you j
now, that if such be your final decision (and I give you ,'
one more chance to save yourself and your friends), I
will search the very archives of hell for a precedent
for your punishment, and employ the craftiness of the /
devil himself in inventing new methods of torture. '
Every object of your affection shall rest under the ban
of my malevolence, and I will pursue them to the death
with scorpions of cruelty. Your love for my rival shall
be a fang in your heart, and the very memory of him
shall be a canker in your brain and a moth in your
heart, that shall eat out every joyful recollection or
pleasurable affection, and leave you the most bereft
and wretched of human beings !"
" Go, then, and exhaust your inventions of cruelty,"
said Minnie, rising and stamping her delicate foot, while
she pointed a well-tapered finger at the little villain
before her. " I defy your power, though I know full
well 3'^our desperate character. I have already told
you I would prefer the most ignominious and horrible
death to a union with you, and I tell you, again, I will
never marry you as long as heaven furnishes me with
the means of self-slaughter. Fire, water, poison, rope,
steel, powder and lead, all the instruments of death,
shall be exhausted before I will yield to such a calami-
tous fate ! "
"Yes, a calamitous fate it would be, indeed," an-
swered Weston, and the fury of his inordinate passion
lit up his black eyes with an insane gleam. " But go,
248 Kv^Klux Klan No. Ifi.
marry the political renegade you call your betrothed,
and may all the curses of hell rest upon you ! "
With these words Weston departed. He had been
foiled in every attempt to secure the hand of the girl
he loved so passionately, and with the malison last
uttered, he returned to Westville, where he was destined
to meet with another disappointment.
The habeas corpus cases, as advised by Major Wyland,
had been acted upon promptly by the Federal Court,
and the Court having found no just cause for the deten-
tion of the prisoners confined by Cross-eyed Telf, had
ordered that they be discharged immediately.
The result was as Weston had foretold. Even the
Governor was afraid of precipitating a war by advis-
ing resistance to the Federal authorities, so Cross-eyed
Telf was compelled to yield the custody of his pris-
oners to the United States Marshal, who released them
as ordered by the Court.
Weston was unaware of all this, however, when he
entered his room at the hotel, to find it already occu-
pied by Tinklepaugh and Cross-eyed Telf, who had
been waiting for him.
" Hello ! Lothario," said Tinklepaugh, as Weston
entered the room ; " a nice fellow you are to be off
playing suitor to a young Ku-Klux pullet, while the
old cock-of-the-walk of the whole Klan is being turned
loose upon us again."
"What do you mean?" asked Weston, unable to
realize so many disappointments at once.
" Mean ? " answered Cross-eyed Telf, with a wicked
leer, as his eyes began to chase each other as if each
was ashamed of the other's company. " Why he means
A Last Effort 249
to say that the whole Klan of the ghouls have been
uncaged, and our little game up, Just the day before
the election, too."
"Yes," said Tinklepaugh, " the Federal Judge refused
to listen to any appeal, even for a continuance, and the
whole Klan has been turned loose on us on the very
eve of the election,"
" Well, if our scheme to defeat Judge Farvvell and
Albert Seaton succeeds, we will have accomplished
something, at least," said Weston.
" 1 fear we are destined to be defeated in that, also,"
answered Tinklepaugh. " Our little trick has been
discovered, and printers are already engaged in pub-
lishing a disclosure of the fraud."
" Then our whole game is up, indeed," said Weston,
and he threw himself across his bed and groaned with
250 Ku-Klux Klan No. 1^.0.
" New goots ! scheap goots ! Hantherchifs, ribbins,
fine dresses and jewelry. Come und puy vot I offers."
Such were the exclamations of an old, decrepit ped-
dler, as he approached the little hut in which Bessie
and Minnie were confined, soon after "Weston left.
The old man wore a long gray beard which, with
his long, flowing white hair, left little of his swarthy
face exposed to the gaze of the curious, and, though a
little corpulent for one accustomed to the hardships of
a peddler's life, he was bowed with age and walked
with a complaining limp. He had on a long linen coat,
or duster, much the worse for wear, and which, owing
to his stooping posture, almost touched the ground as
he hobbled along. His pants were made of homespun
flax, and though they appeared torn and threadbare in
places, they still retained their primitive yellow color,
owing doubtless to the fact that they had not been
washed often enough to turn white. His shoes, also,
were old and yellow for the want of polishing, and
were turned up at the toe.
He spread his wares out on the ground in front of
the door, and continued to invite purchasers to come
forward and buy, without success, until Huskey Diggs,
remembering the instruction given him not to allow
any person to approach the hut, came up and ordered
him to leave.
" Out from here, you lickpenny landloper ! " shouted
Husky Diggs, in a voice that threw the harmless old
peddler into a state of terror " Military commissaries
is no place for vagrants, so jest bundle up your duds
an' git, an' don't bother our ears with no more of your
Thus admonished, the hapless old pedestrian repacked
his goods with a trembling hand, and, without further
parley, was soon hobbling back along the narrow path
leading out into the public road.
Once in the road, he turned in the direction of West-
ville, and notwithstanding his apparent age and feeble-
ness, he made such fast progress that he was soon in
the midst of the town.
" I thought I w^ould find them," he muttered to him-
self, as he entered a well furnished room and threw off
his disguise. " Old Cross-eyed Telf thinks he is mighty
sharp, but I'll pay him yet for this wound in ray
It was Sam Washburn, the spy of the Klan. He had
recovered from the effects of the wound, he received in
the battle at the court-house, sufficiently to resume his
work, and his labors had just been rewarded by the
discovery of the only prisoners left in the custody of
the tyrant. Cross-eyed Telf.
His next duty was to inform the friends of the young-
ladies of the place of their confinement, and this he did
immediately. In an incredibly short time, more than
a hundred well-armed young men were galloping to-
ward the little log prison by the river, swearing veng-
eance against Cross-eved Telf and all the mercenaries
under him. Most of them had just been released from
prison themselves, and, while the main object of their
252 Kvr-Klux Klan No. W.
haste was to rescue those still imprisoned, they were
equally anxious for the opportunity of wreaking their
vengeance against their lawless persecutors and retal-
iating for some of their acts of needless cruelty. Maj.
Wyland, Judge Farwell and Albert were in the crowd,
and no horses were fleeter footed than those rode by
No concerted plan had been agreed upon for the res-
cue of the prisoners, owing to the great hurry and con-
fusion, and the first warning given Husky Diggs and
his men of the approach of the party of rescuers was
furnished by a volley of balls, one of which pierced the
breast of the villain named and sent him rolling in
agony upon the ground.
The next moment Maj. Wyland rushed forward and
seized Minnie in his arms. The poor girl had mistaken
the cause of the alarm, and, imagining the firing came
from Weston and his allies who had returned to exe-
cute the threat made that morning by the rejected little
Solicitor, she had fainted and fallen prostrate on the
"Oh, my darling child !" cried Major Wyland, as he
kissed her and pressed her to his breast. " They have
murdered you, at last, and have left me alone just as I
thought to have you with me again. Oh, my idol, my
Others, seeing Minnie's condition, took charge of
her, and placing her again on the floor, soon restored
her to consciousness.
Bessie, though excited, was less frightened, and stood
up to meet her liberators as the ideal little heroine she
had been during all these days of peril. Hers was one
Rescued. , 253
of those quiet, strong natures that never quail before
any danger, nor succumb to any foe.
Albert was proud of her, and as he imprinted a kiss
on her flushed cheek, his eyes beamed with genuine de-
light; but whether the kiss was an expression of broth-
erly affection, or another attempt to imitate old Abra-
ham by trying to palm off his sweetheart before the
public as his sister, not even the sagacious foreman in
the Westmlle Conservative office could have told with
certainty. Probably Albert himself could not have
told how it was, but his joy was supreme, nevertheless,
and so it was with Bessie.
After the most cordial greetings and hearty congra-
tulations all round, they returned to town, leaving the
military hirelings to bury the lifeless body of Husky
Diggs, or convey it to their brutal master, as they saw
As the crowd rode by the Midland hotel, conveying
Bessie and Minnie to the house of their friends, Weston
and Tinklepaugh, looked out from the windows of their
rooms with a fearful scowl on their faces. There were
more than one hundred votes in that crowd, and to-
morrow each ballot would fall into the box like clods
upon a coffin, sounding the death-knell of all the hopes
that had stirred the breasts of the two little scoundrels
since the death of Old Stingy Jap.
That evening, as Judge Farwell and Minnie stood by
a large window in the parlor of Major Wyland's resi-
dence, talking over their recent adventures and misfor-
tunes, the venerable old lawyer approached them, and
taking Judge Farwell by the hand, he placed his other
arm around Minnie's neck, and, stooping down, kissed
her tenderly and lovingly.
254 Ku-Klux Klan No. W.
" I have been very cruel to you both," he said, as the
tears coursed down his cheeks, and he seemed almost
choked with emotion; "but I see my error, now, and
have repented it, and now come to ask your forgive-
ness. You have m}'^ consent to marry now as soon as
you please, and shall have my blessing, also. God bless
you both and prosper you ! You have been a good girl,
Minnie," he continued, kissing away the tears that
rolled down her cheeks, " and I honor and commend
you for observing my wishes, notwithstanding my con-
duct toward you was cruel. I assure you I will never
more interfere to deprive you of one moment's happi-
ness. Again I sa}^ God bless you both !" and he
turned and left them alone in their happiness.
The Election. 255
The morning of election day dawned brightly, and
as the first streaks of light shot across the fields, they
were followed in every direction by men in eager haste
to be first at the polls in the different precincts. The
polls opened with the rising sun, the first effulgent rays
of which lit up a sea of eager faces at every voting
place. All classes were there, represented by all colors,
degrees of intelligence, shades of opinion, and all poli-
tical organizations. The old "Unioner," commonl}'^
denominated a scalawag, argued with the Democratic
neighbor and charged the Democratic party with
" bringing on the war;" the imported statesman from
the North, commonly called a carpetbagger, elbowed
his odoriferous "brother in black" and again deceived
him into voting the Republican ticket, with promises of
"de forty acres an' a mule;" the Ku-Klux jostled
against the Union Leaguer and shoved and pushed for
a place at the polls ; and the gray-haired veteran of
the Confederacy, representing the most intelligent
class of all, but not allowed to vote on account of the
inhibition contained in the Iron-Clad Oath, stood and
gazed upon the motley throng and wondered whether
this really was "the greatest government on earth."
Early in the day Judge Farwell went forward and
redeemed his promise to vote the Democratic ticket,
and many other former Republicans, disgusted with
the meanness of their party, marched up and did like-
256 Kw-Klux Klan No. JfO.
wise. The result is easily foretold. The Democratic
ticket was overwhelmingly elected throughout the
State, and the gigantic system of public plunder, inaug-
urated by the Republican party, began to totter and
fall. The glorious sunlight of Hope began to pierce
through the mists, that had remained so long settled
over the quagmires of hate, and soon the clouds rifted
and drifted away.
Bessie and Minnie remained up that night to hear
the election news, each anxious for the success of her
particular candidate. There was a full moon, and its
rays fell gentl v upon the forms of the two pretty girls
as they stood in the broad piazza, watching and wait-
ing for Judge Farwell and Albert, who had promised
to come down and give them the news as soon as the
reports were all in.
About twelve o'clock, the two young men entered
the gate and started up the graveled walk toward the
house ; but Bessie was too anxious to wait for their ap-
proach, and rushed forward to meet them, exclaiming :
" Oh, it is good news, I know; lean tell from the
smile on your faces, even in the moonlight!"
" Yes, it is good news," answered Albert, taking her
hand in his, while Judge Farwell walked on to the
house. " The whole ticket is elected by an overwhelm-
"And that includes you, of course," she answered,
while her eyes beamed with delight.
" Yes," said Albert, leading her into the soft shadow
of a maD:nificent magnolia, " and I am indebted to vou
for even the suggestion of my name as a candidate. I
feel now that an honorable career has opened before
me, and I will walk in it if "
" If what ? " she asked.
" If you will help me," he answered, taking both her
hands in his and pressing them to his lips. " Will you
help me, Bessie, to make my life honorable and suc-
cessful as you have started it % Since you cannot be a
sister to me, will you be my wife ? "
And she answered softly, " Yes," but only Albert
and the magnolia heard, for Judge Farwell and Min-
nie were already busy planning their wedding tour,
which was to end at Washington, at the beginning of the
session during which Judge Farwell was to hold his
seat in Congress.
Where novelty ends in a novel there the novel itself
should end. Both the love stories having been traced
to a successful termination, it now only remains to dis-
pose of the different characters in a summary way, and
the little book will end.
Old Major Wyland lived only a few years longer to
repent of his former opposition to the marriage of
Minnie and Judge Farwell, but he made a complete
atonement at last, at least in the eyes of the world, by
dying and leaving them a princely estate.
Uncle Ben lived on, as the trusted servant of the
house, a few years after the death of his late master,
and then died, uttering with his last breath the onl-y
complaint that his freedom as a citizen had ever known,
that " de 'Publican party done fooled de niggers erbout
de forty acres an' de mnle."
Mrs. Latham recovered her sanity and memory, too,
258 Ku-Klux Elan No. Jfi.
to such a degree that her testimon}^ with the aid of
that of Rev. Dick Madison, who turned State's evi-
dence to save his own neck, was sufficient to convict
Cross-eyed Telf of the murder of her son.
Cross-eyed Telf, as has just been intimated, was con-
victed of the murder of John Latham, and was sen-
tenced to be hung, but the sentence was commuted to
imprisonment for life, and he afterwards escaped under
the amnesty act.
Dick Madison, having turned traitor against Cross-
eyed Telf, sustained his new character by betraying Tin-
klepaugh for the uyirder of Old Stingy Jap, and Tin-
klepaugh was convicted and sentenced to be hung, too,
but had his sentence commuted with that of Cross-
eyed Telf, and after the passage of the general amnesty
act he was pardoned.
Weston, though the real instigator of a majority of
the crimes committed in the community, and equally
guilty as Tinklepaugh, managed always to keep out of
court, after being defeated for the Solicitorship, and
as Tinklepaugh refused to imitate Dick Madison by
turning State's witness against Weston, he was allowed
to join the exodus of carpet-baggers that began imme-
diately after the election, and return to his native
State. The bonds he and Tinklepaugh stole from Old
Stingy Jap, after murdering him, were repudiated by
the Legislature, of which Albert Seaton became an
honored member, and became utterly worthless. He
never returned to execute his threats against Minnie
and her friends, and she and the Judge still live un-
Bessie and Albert still live at the old Seaton home-
stead, and twenty-three years of their happy married
life has already vindicated the wisdom of their parents
in betrothing them in their infancy by will.
After the restoration of peace and harmony the Klan
disbanded, but many a citizen of Westville still remem-
bers with gratitude the services of Ku-Klux-Klan