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Start of Kurt Gelles Collection 
AR 11285 

Sys#: 000199981 

LEO BAECK INSTITUTE 

Center for Jewish History 

15 West 16th Street 
New York, NY 10011 

Phone: (212) 744-6400 
Fax: (212) 988-1305 
Email: lbaeck@lbi.cjh.org 
URL: http://www.lbi.org 



IMPORTANT 



The person to whom this passport is issued 
must sign his name on page three immediately 
on its receipt. The passport is NOT VALID 
unless it has been signed. 



The bearer should also fill in blanks below as 
indicated. 

Bearer's address in the United States 

NEW i M t 

Bearer's foreign address 



IN CASK OF DEATH OR ACCIDENT NOTIFY 
Name of person to be notified 
Exact address 



Should you desire to obtain a new passport 
after this passport shall have definitely expired, 
this passport should be presented with your 
application for a new passport. 



N? 138494 




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wuttetfel^, avid feeelif, to /mua, owid on, caAe 
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KURT GULES 



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fant&ctv io ia/umi eY A<j~> tee> r ?i iteued. 



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tffluA fuzss/iort, fvrv/iwhf, visaed, is valid 
feytt foiawel i#i all co€wt6rie& arvleSS other- 
wise -restricted. 

^//u's/vass/uvrt, ashless limited a sAcrrfar 
fv&r-icd, i&walit/fer twoy&€Wbfiwm its- dateo^ 
fMue a/utniay le 7<en^t^^ti/io^/i<^^^^n£ 
ofea fee vf$$ lutt/ie j/lrwtslc/afe cfee&f U ration, 
sla/l rtv/ lemore t/van /car ^«/yiwA 
original date efe issue. 



S^mewi'Can citizens- tremse/in^ in dis- 
turfed areas '///<• world aye requested to 
Icc/i i?i tcacli mit/t tlve -nearest S&newiccwb 
dtfbl&matic cw- cemSulevr officers. 

S^merican cit/^enS ma&i/n^, t/veir /vo-mes. 
or >re>sidv)i*f,ß'r afvro 'longer//' cried a^lr^td 
i/wu/d re^-is^ter at t/te -nearest S$nve#iccwi 
consulate. 



SEE PAGES 6, 7, AND 8 FOR RENEWAL, 
EXTENSIONS, AMENDMENTS, LIMITATIONS, 
AND RESTRICTIONS. 



This passport is not valid for travel to or in 
any foreign state for the purpose of entering or 
serving in the armed forces of s uch a state. 

RESTRIC TION 

THIS PASSPORT, IF PROPERLY VI« 
SAED. IS VALID FOR TRAVEL IN AN> 

COUNTRY EXCEPT GERMANY* AUSTRIA 
THE MAIN ISLANDS OF JAPAN, NANSEi 
3H0TO, NANPO SHOTO OR KOREA. 

BEFORE TRAVcL IN ANY OF THt 
ABOVE NAMED PLACES MAY BE UNDER 
TAKEN j AN APPROPRIATE MILITARY 
I ERMIT MUST EE AFFIXED TO THIS 
I SSPORT; IN THE UNITED STATES 
APPLICATION FOR SUCH A PERMIT 
MUST BE MADE JhROUGH THE DE- 
PARTMENT OF STATE. ABROAD, THE 
APPLICATION MAY BE MADE THROUGH 

j AN AMERICAN DIPLOMATIC OR CON. 

I 3ULAR ESTABLISHMENT. 

gjfcUD FOR TRAVEL 30 "$S^ 



/inula Hutu, aatd ' ^tvictio'nb 



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vrcto •' Vo.^tZ 

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BEARER MUST 



SPORT TO THE GIUROIA 



CIVIL. WITHIN iHRfc^OATs/AFTJR HIS ARRIVAL 
THE COUNTRV. 



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M1NJSTER10 DE RELACIONES EXTERIORES 

GUATEMALA 

VISA PARÄ S, 

Destino , 



Esta Visa caduca a loj 
Guatemala, 13 



JARDIA CIVIL DC ^/'.'.rC' 1 ^' CTNER 




£* DEPTt DE ^ 
5 MIGRACION Y SO 
, * AUTENT1CAS £ 





'4 




AEROPUERTO "LA AURORA"? 

Guatemala, c. a. 




20 



MINISTERIO DE RELAC10NES EXTERIORES 



EL SALVADOR, a A. 



VISA PAffA SÄUR D 

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POIJCIA MACIONAl 




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VISO 

SECSETARIA DE BELACiONES EXTEKOfiö 
ßEPUBUCA DE NiCAßAQUA 



Bueno oora dir 





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ESTRADA 

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E.E. U:u. DE VENEZUELA 

kterio de rzlac'jNes imr-c^s 

JEFATURA DE SEGUniDAD NACIONAL 
DEPARTAMENTO DE EXTRAN J ER I A 



REGISTRADO EN TRANSEUNTE 



9 MAR 1948 



27 



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SERVICIO f>7- ClOf JAL DE IDENTIFICAQON 

VISTO BUENO DE 9ALIDA 
VALIDO POR 

MAR 14 1948 



Maiquetlat 




1 4 1348 



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PORT AU PRINCE ^ J^i' 
REPUBU3ÜE D'H/UTI . ' J 



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CONSULADO GENERAL DE EL SALVADOR 

EN NUEVA YORK, EE. UU. de A. 

j Visa No. 

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en viaje c 

! sM v f taJ ' K:l 1 ^^mm^rde la fecha. 
Am. a* \\ :.!.!.. del. — .de . n ... de 

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EL »^TeR5SAÖ;ö OUEDA ADVt'RriD, QUE POR N.NGUN 
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M I G R A TO R I A AUTOR/2ADA Pp* ESTA V.SA. 



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CONSÖMÖÜ GENERAL DE COSTAT^ 
NUEVA YORK, E. U. A. ' v\ ;; \',' 

VISA DE TU RIST A 

20 // frcwü/3oh/,4{ 



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REPUELICA DE HONDURAS 




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REPUBUCA DE NICAßACJUA ' 

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Ä«FA«TAMCNTO Dt WHANJ«WÄ ' 



46 




• • • 



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DErAKTT T— -T OF STATE 
PASSFO^-T AGENCY 
NEW Y ORK, N.Y. 



OCT 6 - >948 



(Date) 

BrM^ ; nnc,T fiepet 00O- 

i added to this pass- 



ST AUTHORITY ÖP THE 
SECRETARY OF STATE 

JAMES d, MÜGhE$ 
FASgFORT AGENT 



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• • ♦ 
f • 



R E PUBLICA DE COLOiBU - NHICU HäCIOHaI 
Seocl^ U Saguridad, { *^^/ß*Wh 
Q^ra^lU. ! TCS £ ? J> 

Registrado conforme. al Art. 6 # del Decreto 
181 de 1942. Puede viajarporel territofio 
national durante la valid«! de au vtaa 





TONAL DH Ö)ßNT JJPICACI -j 
5 »E ENTR-p A 



gfigVlCI- 

VISTO BUCNO »E ENTry |DA 

TRANS 



»WJBLH5A OE COLOMBIA - POLICIA N4CI0NAL 
8mMh da Sa^ridad. Jdefrttfkacktt y Extranjarla 

RagUtrada para sallr del pais al folio 
m/f*' ^?<fy del libro respective. 




<*4dUU»Utl Jieet firm* at /^W <o&0 > au/i»*l, 



VREEMDFLINGENDIENST 

== CURAQAO= 





* • • • • • 



IMPORTANT 

Under the provisions of the Nationality Act of 
1940, American nationality may be lost through 
being naturalized in, taking an oath or making a 
declaration of allegiance to, serving in military 
forces of, accepting employment under the govern- 
ment of, or by voting in the elections of a foreign 
state. Naturalized nationals may be expatriated 
by residing in the state from which they came for 
2 years if through such residence the national- 
ity of such foreign state is acquired, or by residing 
in such state for 3 years, or in any other foreign 
state for 5 years. 

American nationals abroad may consult the 
nearest American diplomatic or consular officer 
for information as to specific provisions of the 
Nationality Act. 

CAUTION 

A person to whom a passport has been issued, 
who uses or attempts to use it in violation of the 
conditions or restrictions contained therein, may 
have the protection of the United States with- 
drawn from him while he continues to reside 
abroad and may be liable for prosecution under 
the provisions of section 221 of title 22, United 
States Code. 

This passport is a valuable document. If it is 
lost or destroyed, the fact and the circumstances 
of the loss should be immediately reported to the 
Passport Division, Department of State, or to the 
nearest American consulate, or, in an outlying 
possession of the United States, to the chief ex- 
ecutive thereof, and to the local police authorities. 
New passports can be issued in such cases only 
after exhaustive investigation. 

This passport must not be altered or mutilated 
in any manner. No stamps, statements, nota- 
tions, or other additions should be placed or made 
in this passport other than by officials of the 
United States or of foreign countries in connection 
with official matters. The alteration of the pass- 
port may render it INVALID. 

U. S, GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 



PASSPORT NUMBER [/) tjp Lf(r>(r>g 



PEN AND INK ENTRY OF THE PASS- 
PORT NUMBER BY THE BEARER 

PLEASE FILL IN THE NAMES AND ADDRESSES BELOW. 

BEARER'S ADDRESS IN THE UNITED STATES: 

^•7- >>- /yf St- 

Pi, CZ/jV^WCg, /v. y 

BEARER'S FOREIGN ADDRESS: 



J5^F. ASE OF DEATH OR ACCIDENT NOTIFY THE NFAR 
EST AMERICAN DIPLOMATIC OR CONSULAR ! OFFICE AND : 



Name 



Address /$ fk&0 



IMPORTANT INFORMATION 

This passport is the property of the United States Gov- 
ernment and must be surrendered upon demand by an 

It U Vs°NnT r v P MT e n atiV M ° f the De P art ™nt of State, 
it is NOT VALID until signed BY THE BEARER 
on page two. 

EXPIRATION 

This passport is valid for five years unless expressly 
on pat X Peri ° d - ThC ex P irati ™ date g given 

NEW PASSPORT 

n™Z\%°n. mUSt bC PreSented when applyin * for a 
(Continued on Last Page) 



fyUided S/baiefr/oJ? S^memca/ 
Aevety tfterfuelfo 4M w/tcnv it 
/ma^/ tfowcemv fa Ji&iwid ,t/i& 
jritf>jfen(&) ^ United Sftateto 
/named Aevein/ i& fiaw swit/icut; 
/de/etAf/ Avndnance/ /and in/ 
sxtec /C^ ateed Ay A ctid 

/ci/t^en (i) /a li /a wfld /aid and 
/fvncCecuon/. 




IMPORTANT: This Passport 



M NOT VALID Until Signed BY THE BEARER. 




• • • • 



• •••• • • ••• 



» t • • • • • •• 



• • • • 



Unless otherwise specifically endorsed, this passport 
is not valid for travel into or through countries or areas 
to which travel has been restricted by public notice 
issued by the Secretary of State. 

The Secretary of State announced that, effective 
September 16, 1969, travel to, in, or through the 
following countries and areas is restricted: 

CUBA 

MAINLAND CHINA 

NORTH KOREA 

NORTH VIET-NAM % 

You should consult a passport agency or an American 
consular office to determine whether any changes have 
been made in the above list. 

This passport must not be used by any person other 
than the person to whom issued or in violation of the 
conditions or restrictions placed therein or in violation 
of the rules regulating the issuance of passports. Any 
willful violation of these laws and regulations will 
subject the offender to prosecution under Title 18, 
United States Code, Section 1544. 




S$mendmcn/fr a/rid' Sndci^enteti/^ 



IMPORTANT INFORMATION 

TRAVEL IN DISTURBED AREAS. If you travel in disturbed 

areas, you should keep in touch with the nearest 

American consular office. 
PROLONGED RESIDENCE ABROAD. If you reside abroad for 

a prolonged period, you should register at the nearest 

American consular office. 

LOSS OF NATIONALITY. You may lose your United States 
nationality by being naturalized in, or by taking an 
oath or making a declaration of allegiance to, a foreign 
state; or by serving in the armed forces or accepting 
employment under the government of a foreign state. 
For detailed information, consult the nearest American 
consular office. 

WARNING TO DUAL NATIONALS. A person is considered a 
dual national when he owes allegiance to more than 
one country at the same time. A claim to allegiance 
may be based on facts of birth, marriage, parentage 
or naturalization. A dual national may, while in the 
jurisdiction of the other country which considers him 
its national, be subject to all of its laws, including mili- 
tary service. If difficulties occur, consult the nearest 
American consular office. 

LOSS, THEFT OR DESTRUCTION OF PASSPORT. The loss, theft 
or destruction of a passport is a very serious matter and 
must be reported immediately to local police authorities 
and to the Passport Office, Department of State, 
Washington, D.C. 20524, or to the nearest American 
consular office. A new passport will be issued only 
after careful investigation which will entail consider- 
able delay and result in the issuance of a replacement 
passport valid for no more than three months. 

ALTERATION OR MUTILATION OF PASSPORT. This passport 
must not be altered or mutilated in any way. You 
must not alter any dates or make any changes in 
your description, on the photograph, or on any 
other page of this passport. Alteration may make 
it Invalid and, if willful, may subject you to prosecu- 
tion (Title 18, U.S. Code, Section 1543). Only author- 
ized officials of the United States or of foreign countries, 
in connection with official matters, may place stamps 
or make statements, notations or additions in this pass- 
port. However, you may amend or update informa- 
tion supplied by you on the inside of the front cover 
of this passport, if necessary. 



GENERAL INFORMATION 

PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE. A smallpox vaccination within 
three years is an entry requirement when returning to 
the United States from almost all countries. Yellow 
fever and cholera vaccinations are required if you visit 
countries with an infected area. The vaccination(s) 
should be obtained before you leave the United 
States, and recorded on Form PHS-731, "International 
Certificates of Vaccination", and validated in the U.S. 
by a local or state health officer. You may obtain 
additional information from your local, state or nearest 
U.S. Public Health Service. 

HEALTH INSURANCE. Persons contemplating travel abroad 
should contact their medical insurance company to 
determine what coverage, if any, they have while 
outside the U.S. Generally Social Security Medicare 
does not cover health care expenses outside the U.S. 

CUSTOMS SERVICE. Know before you go. The pamphlet 
"Customs Hints" gives you current pertinent informa- 
tion about Customs requirements, and how they apply 
to articles acquired abroad. Obtain a copy from your 
nearest customs office or from the Commissioner of 
Customs, Washington, D.C. 20226. 

TREASURY. Treasury regulations prohibit purchase or 
importation of North Korean, North Vietnamese, or 
Cuban merchandise without a license. The prohibi- 
tions also apply to the purchase or importation of 
mainland China goods (including antiques) and other 
Chinese-type goods which may be available outside of 
that country. However, tourists may in any calendar 
month purchase and import up to $100 of such goods 
without a license or special certificate of origin. Cer- 
tain transactions incident to authorized travel to and 
in mainland China are also permitted. For further 
information, write to the Office of Foreign Assets 
Control, Treasury Department, Washington, D.C. 
20220. Travelers may also consult local American 
consulates, especially the consulate at Hong Kong. 

AGRICULTURE. Do not bring foreign meats, fruits, plants, 
soil, or other agricultural items when you return to the 
United States. To do so will delay you at the port of 
entry. It is unlawful to bring in foreign agricultural 
items without permission, because they carry destruc- 
tive plant or animal pests and diseases. General 
information is contained in "Customs Hints". For 
specific information, write to "Quarantines", U.S. 
Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C. 20250. 

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OflCE 



«mir- (xi> 






TJ H^SEPASS 
PASSEPORT 

REPUBLIK ÖSTERREICH 
REPUBLIQUE D'AUTRICHE 



Name: 





■ 



1 



1 




das Heer, die Flotte «oder den fcxiftdi ait <einW 
bemden Macfaft 'oder die Annahme irgend welch!" 
Daaste in Oer Müitirmacht-eincs fremden Staates i» 
A.usbÜd«ci KS - oder ^Wrkht^w«^^ve^)o*«.. 




Dieser Relsepaft enthält 
48 Seiten 
Ce passegort contient 
ages 





REISEPASS 
PASS! 




r REPUBlMClß'WJR'REICH 
^^ÄIIlIQUE D'AUTRICHE 



Reisepaß Nr. \ STt^T 
No du passeport / 

Name de 
Nom du 



Begleitet von seiner Frau ^ 
Accompagne de sa femme / 

und von 
e 

Staatsangehörigkeit 
Nationalste 




Personsbeschreibung — Signaler 




me 



Beruf \ 
Profession / 

Ort und 

derGe 
Lieu e&da 1 

naj^fance 

Wohnort \ 
Domicile / 
GesichtY 
Visage / 
Farbe der Augen 
Couleur des yeux 
Farbe der Haare 
Couleur des cheveux 
Besondere Kennzeichen \ 
Signes particuliers / 



Name 
Nom 



Kinder - Enfai 

Alte 




• • • • 

• • . • 



• • • . 

. • • 

• • • • 





Lander, für welche^ieÄr H^dpag gilt: 
Pays pour lesquels^Bpas%portest valabl 



r sämtiio&e 
a ton Europas. 



Dieser Reisepa§ läuft ab am 
Ce passeport expire le 



falls er nicht verlängert wird, 
ä moins de renouvellement. 



Ausgestellt in 
DelivrS ä 

Datum 
Date 

% 



flangeru 






4 



3*. 



VetlSngerungen — Rönouvellements 

2. 



— 4 — 





'/Ufo. 



• • • 

• • • • 
. 

* • t • 
t • • • • • •,• 



|5 1 - AUG. 1934 





- 7 - 





a Li ., x 1 GEND. PA88KOHT81 

fite 27. Se p- 2 - nov, 1936 
AB&2 7. Sep. 1 9 3 P v - 




ÖSTERREICH 
GEND. PASSKONTR 
K1TTSEE - UNQ. QR, 

Autf, 3 1. OKT. 19Jo_ 





- 14 - 





- 18 - 



— 19 — 



• . • 
•• ••• ••• • 




- 46 - 



1 1 




- 47 - 





— 48 — 




Druck der Österreichischen Staatsdruckerei 
in Wien 



I 



DEUTSCHES 
»REICH 




REISEPASS 




REISE PASS 



NAM E DES PASS1NH A B K RS 
BEGLEITET VQ N SEI NEK 10 i 1 EE K W 



UND VON KINDERN 



S TAATSANG E HÖRIGKEIT: 



DEUTSCHES REICH 



Dieser Pali enthalt 32 Seitm 



Ehefrau 




und gcintr Ehcf i au 



I Is u ir d hier mit bescheinigt, daß der Inhaber die durch 
dasüfeciifctehiMide Lichtbild dargestellte Person ist und 
"liehe Unterschrift eigenhändig voll 




PERSONENBESCHREIBUNG 


Beruf %OH]ll/y*p<>^4<uA 
Geburtsort UjAjlMS 


Ehefrku > I 


... 
/ 


Geburtstag I; 1$Oj 


/ 


Wohnort 




Gestalt -tffOCrß 
Gesicht <rO~C*£ 


/ 


f 


Farbe der- Augen Of^OusV 
Farbe des Haares ^CU^y 
Besond. Kennzeichen 














KINDER 


Name 


Alter 


Geschlechp- 





























3 



GELTUNGSBEREICH DES PASSES 



Der Paß wird ungültig am 
wenn er nicht verlängert wird. 



Ausstellende Behörde 

-er. pofeeipröltait in EDfen 



Datum 




VERLÄNGERUNGEN 



Verlängert bis 



, den 
Dienststelle 

Unterschrift 



2. 



1 \r Ii- 1 . 

Verlängert bis 






. den 




Dienststelle 




L f nterschrift 


3. 

Verlängert bis 






. den 




Dienststelle 




Unterschrift 



5 



Die Zusicherung foiit dahin, wenn 
die schweizerische Grenze nicht bis zum 

j&f. T^xaX ^ /93<y 

überschritten ist 



SCHWEIZERI 
EIDGENOSSEN 




No.....U.fe... Ref. Berr 
Zusicherung der Bewil 

Aufenthalt, tn der Sciiweiz 

^j-U<^.-/^~~yr^ f * y i^wi &t+S 

Anzahl der Einreisen 

Aufenthaltsort Z^r-^rtÄ^.^- 

Shttd. 

Zweck r..„ 4 



Geb 



^" Datum ?. h^k^ mt 

?eneralkons 




G 



gretgrenae unb <£rleid)ttrunQen 

tm <HetfeD(>vhef)r bürfen nld)t in 
^n(prud) genommen ©erben. 




7 



EUTSCHES 
REICH 




REISEPASS 




Ks wird hiermit bescheinigt, daß der Inhaber die durch 
das^heastehende Lichtbild dargestellte Person ist und 
^e^änanteHWindliche Unterschrift eigenhändig voll- 




W' ien denf 4^l^J^7pf. 



2 



PERSONEN BESCHREIBUNG 




Beruf t/^^^^^^^^t ' 
Geburtsort ffi^^^<<** 
Geburtstag 
W ohnort 
Gestalt 

Gesicht ^-^t^t^i^ ^ 
Farbe cTer Augeil^^^^^ ^ 
Farbe des Haares^^^^^i 

i\ • 

BesoncL Keunzeichen 



KINDER 



Name 


Alter 




Geschlecht 

































3 



GELTUNGSBEREICH DES PASSES 



ÄtiU unir fftsfonb 



Der Paü wird ungültig am 




wenn er nicht verlängert wird. 



Ausstellende Behörde 

ttet polfteipräßtient in (Dien 



ien 



^ 0. Dez. 1938 



S/l Unterschrift 



4# 




Unterschrift 



3 

Verlängert bi 

, den 
Dienststelle 

Unterschrift 



5 



lis? wmi^iwv - 



pse mit RM^ 



für dw> MoWi^feg^^^ 19<Sf au 

Bnigtiche« Devl8»nmerkbl*tt *üig»folgt 

wiw öw . <gr. jgp! 

WfBQraii£ . W1EM », KARttrffRftlNQ I 



16. AUG. 1939 






7 



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Quota 
dateo 
Issued I 



to-"] Immigration Visa 

Mo. , 

FEB 8 - 1940 

(name) 

A~&4a^ 

Amerirar Consul a* DONALD W . BROW ! 
^Xc_^ VIENNA, GERMAN! 



IMMIGRANT IDKNTIFIOATIOfc 

card m.djJQ^MhiaeuED 



31 



THE AUSTRIAN HERITAGE COLLECTION AT THE LEO BAECK INSTITUTE 

AUSTRIAN-JEWISH IMMIGRANTS IN THE USA 

LEO BAECK INSTITUTE: 15 W 16TH STREET, NEW YORK, NY 10011, TEL (212) 744 6400 



1/23/2002 



Contents of the Kurt Gelles - Collection 



all items are originals if not other indicated 

1) Copy of AHC QUest. I. + II. 

2) Austrian passport issued for Kurt Gelles, dated 1931, saying "UNGILTIG" in 
big letters, red "J" on first page 

3) "Deutsches Reich" Passport issued for Kurt Gelles's mother, Etelka Gelles, 
issued 12/9/1938 in Vienna, saying "UNGILTIG" in big letters, red "J" on first 
page 

4) "Deutsches Reich" Passport, valid for Kurt Gelles, issued 1938, red "J" on 
first page 

5) USA-Passport, issued for Kurt Gelles, issued 1947, a lot of stamps inside 

6) USA-Passport issued for Kurt Gelles, dated 5/15/1970 

7) "Entlassungsschein" from the concentration camp "Buchenwald", dated 
12/23/1938, copy 

8) Program of a "Lagertheater" from Les Milles "Bleibt Jung", mentioning 
"Fraeulein" Gelles (erich Gelles) playing "Amalia" 

9) Program of "Lagertheater" Les Milles "Scenen aus Faust I.", mentioning 
Erich Gelles as an actor who is playing "Stimme des Erdgeist" (voice of a ghost) 

10) Several Pictures showing Mr. Gelles and family members 



The Austrian Heritage Collection at the Leo Baeck Institute 

AUSTRIAN-JEWISH IMMIGRANTS IN THE USA 



Leo Baeck Institute: 129 E 73 Street, New York, NY 10021, tel (212) 744 6400 



Name: 



First Name 



Middle Name 



Last Name 



Last Occupation: jQt cvPPi C H (Sr-fe 



Date of Birth: "7 



DM 



Place of Birth: 



Month Day Year 

Address 

before 1938: Po £^ tT I L/WG-fVS^ k(Q 



Prewar Name: 



Street (District in Viennä) 

CL^> ^^rv^e Maiden Name: 



City Country 



City 



/ Country 



1. Education/Occupation(s) (if possible, indicate institutions and year when entered/left) 

*^*^feW^,V.e-«, 1143 -S7 

2. Were you affiliated with any kind of organization? (Youth, Zionist, Political or any other organizations) 
If so, did you have any specific function? 

3. Were you arrested and/or interned? (please indicate where and when) 

r W^^e^A t5- ßudot ^,Uax^( jl^ 

4. What was your route of emigration? (please indicate places and dates of stay) 

^-V 0~V^a \f £ e U lA ^ VyiÄ. Scon' Lf^-^-A i- ^Y~Suc^ Ccl eJlyi 

5. May we contact you again with a more detailed follow-up questionnaire? 

6. Do you have any documents that would be appropriate for the archives of the Leo Baeck Institute? 
(personal documents, photographs, letters, all kinds of manuscripts, diaries, memoirs, etc.) /^rs 

{Yes// No 

If necessary please use additional sheets. Thank you! 





The Austrian Heritage Collection at the Leo Baeck Institute 

AUSTRIAN-JEWISH IMMIGRANTS IN THE USA 

Leo Baeck Institute: 129 E 73 Street, New York, NY 1 0021 , Tel (212) 744 6400 

We kindly ask you to answer the following questions in as much detail as possible, either 
in English or in German. If you need more space, please feel free to use additional 
sheets. If you don 't know the answers to certain questions or don 't want to answer for 
any reason, just go on to the next question. 

NAME: KURT &LL^ hatp. <g'*>-\9<Vg 



1. BEFORE MARCH 1938 



1.1 Please describe your parental home. 

(Did you live in an apartment or in a house? How many people lived with you? Did 
you have servants? What language(s) were spoken in the household?) 

>(- W o\U e^r, We cLx^-^i ***** c: ^ ^ ,l t^-ip 



1.2 Please tell us about your neighborhood (District in Vienna or area). 

(What ethnic groups lived there? Religious life? Relationships between Jews and non- 
Jews? Relationships with neighbors?) 



AHC - Questionnaire 2 - Page 1 of 12 



.3 What religious tradition existed in your family? 

(Did you keep kosher, go to synagogue, observe holidays, etc.?) 



Please, tell us about your friends and acquaintances. 

(Were they mostly Jewish or non-Jewish? Did you have any close non-Jewish friends?) 



Were you affiliated with any political, social or religious organization? 

(Youth Organizations, Zionist Organizations, Political Parties, other organizations) 
If so, did you have any specific function? 

Vi 




AHC - Questionnaire 2 - Page 2 of 12 



Did you or your family encounter any anti-Semitism before March 1938? 

(If so, please give details.) 



What was your (or your parents') reaction to Hitler's rise to power in 
Germany in 1933 and to Nazi activity in Austria in the early thirties? 
Did you or your parents feel threatened by these events? 



AHC - Questionnaire 2 - Page 3 of 12 



2. FROM MARCH 1938 TO EMIGRATION - FROM EUROPE TO AMERICA 

2.1 How was your time spent during and after the "Anschluss"? 
What was the impact of the "Anschluss" on you personally? 

(Were you expelled from school/university? Did you or your parents lose your jobs? 
Were your apartments/houses looted? Were you (or members of your family) 
persecuted? Were you forced to scrub the streets?) 



^ live vac^^tS ö^^Pt Wtu^ 



2.2 



How did non-Jewish friends, colleagues, schoolmates, neighbors, etc. 
behave toward you and your family? 



AHC - Questionnaire 2 - Page 4 of 12 



3 Do you have any recollections of November 9th, 1938, the so-called 
"Reichs-Kristallnacht"? (If so, please give details.) 

U/Q-i i ^ VC ^ ^^-^ Qjl*Jl*S i s 



Were you or any members of your family arrested? Sent to a camp? 

(If so, please give details.) 



Can you recall the process of obtaining papers necessary for emigration? 

(Did you try to obtain visas for other countries as well? Were you supported by any 
relief organization, by relatives or friends?) 

ofehu»** «tüi v<wl A.f+- 

-feW w ^/^Q U estionnaire2-Page5ol12 



6 What happened to your (or your family's) apartments, houses, businesses 
and other property? 



When did you leave Austria? (Please indicate exact date, if possible) 



If you did not emigrate directly to the U.S, where did you go first? 

(How long did you stay there? Can you give a brief description of your experiences'? 
Why did you leave?) 



V.A* 



AHC - Questionnaire 2 - Page 6 of 12 



THE UNITED STATES 

When did you arrive in the U.S.? (Please indicate exact date, if possible) 

Did members of your family emigrate to countries other than the U.S.? 

(If so, where? Where do they live today? Are you still in contact with them?) 



Did you serve in the U.S. Armed Forces or in any other allied army? 

(If so, when did you join? What division? What was your area of operation? 
When were you discharged?) 



AHC - Questionnaire 2 - Page 7 of 12 



3.4 Please list places and dates of residence in the U.S. 

(City, State; in bigger cities, neighborhood) 

3.5 Please describe your occupational situation from your arrival in the U.S. to 
the present. 

Did you belong to any emigrant/immigrant-related organization or cultural 
association? (e.g. Austrian American Federation, Austrian Forum, etc.? If so, since 
when? Do you still belong to any of them?) „ . ^ q ^ £ 

/7g V\ . wj^uL^ Coo ~Xv*^rx: M^-r 1 1*. 




AHC - Questionnaire 2 - Page 8 of 12 




3.8 Would you call yourself religious? To what degree? What is your 
affiliation? Has it changed? 

(Do you keep kosher, go to synagogue, observe the holidays,...?) MO 

JDo U-x5T- <Lcd\ Wa-a^ S*J £ *-*eLi^ I o-t-^o 




3.9 



Are your friends and acquaintances mostly German-speaking or non- 
German-speaking? Mainly Jewish or not? 



Vi 



S^L_£,a4e,4 Us-ö, L^-i c?lv_ 



i ^\ 



3.10 Of what country (countries) are you a citizen? When was each citizenship 
granted? 

us 



AHC - Questionnaire 2 - Page 9 of 12 



3.11 Have you ever visited Austria since the war? If so, how often? 

(What did you do there? Can you recall some of your impressions during these visits? 
Have you ever thought of going back permanently?) 



Ö 



4. PARTICIPATION IN OTHER ORAL HISTORY PROJECTS 

4.1 Have you ever been interviewed by any other organization? 

(Please indicate when and by which organization?) 



y^> 7 UiLp 



4.2 Have you ever been mentioned in any historical works? 

(Holocaust-related literature, Documentary films, Exhibitions etc.) 



AHC - Questionnaire 2 - Page 10 of 12 



5. FAMILY MEMBERS 



5.1 



Spouse (Name, Maiden Name, Place/date of birth (if deceased, place/date of 
death), Occupation(s)) 

Atsf kJ Gc£ e £ - ( Am kj x. u\ S e &ChTJ) 

5.2 Mother (Name, Maiden Name, Place/date of birth (if deceased, place/date of death) 
Occupation(s)) q^^S Us- 

ETHre U/ \A fc i M BtR G-er - ^ 

5.3 Father (Name, Place/date of birth (if deceased, place/date of death, Occupation^)) 

Leo Pou> 6r€ui_^s 

5.4 Siblings (Name, Maiden Name, Place/date of birth (if deceased, place/date of death) 
Occupation(s)) " 



"2- I l^O^ ^ Vt€LU.K,CL 



AHC - Questionnaire 2 - Page 11 of 12 



5.5 



Children (Name, Maiden Name, Address (City, State, Country), Place/date of birth (if 
deceased, place/date of death), Occupation (s)) 

Co3v luxury 



5.6 



Grandparents (Name, Maiden Name, Place/date of birth (if deceased place/date of 
death), Occupation(s)) 



The Austrian Heritage Collection is always looking for people to interview. 

If you know any Austrian- Jewish immigrants in the US who might be interested in 
participating in this project, please either ask them to contact us or write their addresses below. 



Thank you very much for participating in this project. 



AHC - Questionnaire 2 - Page 12 of 12 



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End of Kurt Gelles Collection