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Miss M.\tilda\V Bhlo 

JtfLY 27™ 1908 














Author of a History of the Umteil ISiiih, £n^aAj],^>£r &^^. : .- 

J J-^J ^^ > J —-.r——0- *■* , * • 

■'•'V Jy-*"^^ ^' 

• " ' ," a c t 




I ■ 


1 } 



— *■ •■M-vkMaoaiii 


Bantem Distrui qf Pennaylvcaua^ to wit : 

5»*»»5 BE IT REMEMBERED, That ori the twenty-fourth day of 
»L. S.» April, in the fifty-third year of the independence of the Unitec 
«««««* States of America, A. D. 1829, John Griog, of the said district J 

has deposited in this office the title of a Book, the right whereof b«| 

claims as proprietor, in the words following, to wit : 

"The Ladies Lexicon, and Parlour Companion, containing nearly every word ml 
the Lngliah Language, and exiiibiting the plurals of nouns and the partici[>l(» 
of verbs; being lUso particularly adapted to the use of Academies and Scliools. 
By William Grimshaw, Author of a History of the United States, Engla. 1, ficc 

In conformity to the Act of the Consrress of the United States, enti- 
tied, " An Act for the encouragement of Learning, by securing the copies 
o( Maps, Charts, and Boolts, to the Authors and Proprietors of such 
copies, during the times therein mentioned." And also to the Act enti- 
tled, "An Act supplementary to an Act, entitl^u ' An Act for the En- 
couragement of Learning, by securing the copies of Maps, Charts, and 
Books, to the Authors and Proprietors of sucn copies, during the times 
therein mentioned,' and extending the benefits thereof to the arts of de- 
signing, engraving, and etching, historical and other Prints." 

D. CALDWELL, Clerk of the 

Eastern District of Pennsylvania, 

• :•. 

•V T • • ^ » # 

• ••• ' • • •, 

a • « • • • •' 

• • • • • _ * 

• • • • • ♦ • ' 


• • 

• • • • • 

k • • • • 


In offering this dictionary to the public, some cxplana* 
tion seems required, m relation to the plan, and the im* 
provemcnts which it professes to contain. It differs from 
every preceding work of the kind, principally in this : — 
tliat it exhibits the plurals of all nouns, which are not 
formed by the mere addition of the letter */ and also the 
participles of every verb that is now generally used 

These additions will perhaps be pronounced, by some^ 
to be innovations ; but they are innovations of a very use- 
ful character, and such as should have been made, cen« 
turies ago, not only in a dictionary of our own tongue, 
but in that of every other language, ancient or modern. 
Fifty years from the present time, a dictionary which does 
not exhibit the plilrals of nouns, as well as the partici- 
ples of verbs, will be viewed as a curiosity ; and con- 
sidered as an example of that irrational pertinacity, with 
which men cling to ancient forms, fur ages after their im- 
propriety and insufHciency have been fully discovered and 

A dictionary which does not contain the plurals and 
the participles, contains not more than half the language. 
Every verb, except those that are defective, has at least 
two participles — the present and the past — both of whicn 
have been excluded from every vocabulary that has yet 
been published. Thus, the verb to advise, has advising 
and advised ; differ has differing and differed ; confer has 
conferring and conferred* Whether the final e is to be 
retained or not, in the present participle, is a question in- 
volving some difficulty, even to persons who have receiv- 
ed a good common education ; and why the final r should 
remain single in the word differing, and be doubled in 
conferring, is a question not easily solved, by writers of 
considerable experience in composition. ^ ox \a \)[v^ \^^- 


Hhood of error in any degree less, in forming the pluiala 
of a numerous class of nouns. Thus, ability has abilities^ 
in the plural ; adversary has adversaries ; ally, allies ; 
alley, alleys ; potato, potatoes / yet, why the final y, in 
one class of words, (as ally,) should be changed into ies, to 
form the plural, and in another class, ending also in y, (as 
alley,) it should be formed by adding^ / and why the plural 
of po/ato should be formed by the addition of es ; why box 
should become boxes, and knife, knives, all of which are 
variations from the general mode of forming the plural 
of English nouns by adding a single s — is known only to 
those who have had a regular grammatical education, and 
remembered only by persons who have frequent occasion 
to write for the public eye. 

This pocket dictionart professes to supply the defi- 
ciencies of all preceding dictionaries; and therefore to 
contain, already formed, every word in the English lan- 
guage, that may be necessary in the composition of a 

The rules, on which is founded the orthography of plu- 
rals and of participles, are here subjoined ; taken sub- 
stantially from the granmiar of Lindley Murray. 

It has not been judged requisite, in this dictionary, to 
exhibit the definitions of all the parts of speech : but in 
general only of the parent word ; the meaning of the de- 
rivative formations, being, for the most part, so obvi- 
ously deducible from their respective roots, as not to re- 
quire any particular explanation. 

Rule I. — Monoi^llables, ending withy^ U of 'i preceded by a sin- 
gle vowel, double the final consonant: as, «/q]f, milU pass^ &c. 
The only exceptions are, q/*, i/*, cu, u, has^ was^ yes, his^ Ihu, tu, and 

Rule IT. — Monosyllables ending with any consonant but/, /, or 
«, and preceded by a single vowel, never double the final coi. sonant; 
excepting cuid, ebb, butt, egg, odd, err, inn, bunn, purr, and buzz. 

Rule III. — ^Words ending with y, preceded by a consonant, form 
ihe plurals of nouns, the persons of verbs, verbal llouns^ past yarti- 
elples, comparatives, and superlatives, by chtiTi^ai^ ij \xw\a \: ^a. 


igry, tpies ; 1 carry^ ihou earnest ; he earriethy or earrie» ; carrier f 
earned; happy ^ happitr^ happiest. 

The present participle in ing, retains the y, that t may not b€ 
doubled ; as, carry^ carrying ; bury^ burying^, &c. 

But y^ preceded by a vowel, in such instances as the above, » 
not changed: as, boy, boys; I cloy^ he cloys, cloyed, &c.; except in 
lay, pay, and say ; from which are formed, laid, paid, and said; and 
their compounds, unlaid, unpaid, unsaid, &c» 

Rule IV. — ^Words ending with y, preceded by a consonant, upon 
assuming an additional syllable beginning with a consonant, com* 
monly change iy into i: as, happy, happily, happiness. But when 
. y is preceded by a vowel, it is very rarely changed in the additional 
syllable ; as, coy, coyly ; boy, boyish, boyhood; annoy, annoy er, an^ 
noyance; joy, joykss, joyful, 

RuL« V. — Monosyllables, and words accented on the last sylla- 
ble, ending with a single consonant preceded by a single vowel 
double that consonant, when they take another syllable beginnbig 
with a vowel: Ba,wit, witty; thin, thinnish; to abet, an abettor; 
to begin, a beginner. 

But if a diphthong precedes, or the accent is on the preceding syl* 
table, the consonant remains single ; as, to toil, toiling; to offer, an 
qffering; maid, maiden, Slc 

But to this rule, there seem to be a few exceptions, 
not noticed, and perhaps not approved by Lindley Murray. 
The participles of verbs ending in Z, whether the accent 
be on the last, or on the preceding syllable, are almost 
universally, though erroneously, spelled with double /, 
as level, levelling^ levelled ; revel, revelling, revelled ; in- 
stead of leveling and leveled ; reveling and reveled. The 
word tranquU.y though the final consonant is preceded by 
a diphthong, generally forms its substantive with II, as 
tranquillityy instead of tranquility : we often see worship* 
ping, and worshipped, instead of worshiping, and wor* 
shiped ; and we believe that the participles of the verb 
bias, are almost universally written biassing and biassed^ 
instead of biasing and biased. 

Rule VI. — ^Words ending with any double letter but I, and tak- 
ing fiets, less, ly, or ful, after them, preserve the letter double : as, 
' harmlessness, carelessness, carelessly, stiffly, successful, distressful, &:c 
Rut those words which end with double /, and take ness, less, ly, or 
fulf nfier them, generally omit one I : as. fulneu^ »\cilUI»^ jSiU^x 


Rule VII. — JVc**, less^ fy, and /u/, added to words ending wftfc 
eilent e, do not cut it off; as, paleness, guileless, closely, peaceful ; ex- 
cept in a few words ; as, duly, truly, awful. 

Rule VIII. — Ment, added to words ending with silent e, gene- 
rally preserves the e from elision ; as, abatement, chastisemetU, tfi» 
Citement, &c. The words judgment, abridgmetU, acknowledgmcnt% 
lire deviations from the rule. 

Like other terminations, ment changes y into i, when preceded 
by a consonant : as, accompany, accompaniment ; merry, merrimetiU 

Rule IX. — Mle and ible, when incorporated into words ending 
with silent e, almost always cut it off: as, blame, blamable ; cure^ 
curable; sense, sensible, &>c. ; but if c or g soft comes before e in the 
original word, the e is then preserved in words compounded with 
able : as, change, changeable ; peace, peaceable, &c. 

Rule X. — ^When ing or ish is added to words ending with silent 
C the e is almost universally omitted : as, place,placing ; lodge, lodg- 
ing ; slave, slavish ; prude, prudis/u 

Rule XI. — Compounded words are generally spelled in the same 
manner as the simple words of which they are formed : as, glass- 
house, skylight, thereby, hereafter. Many words ending with double 
/, are exceptions to tiiis rule : as, already, welfare, wUful, fuljU : 
ftjid also the words wherever, christmas, lamraas, &c. 

Some nouns, from the nature of the things which they express, 
are used only in the singular form : as, ulieal, pilch, goid, sloth* 
pride, &c. ; others, only in the plural form : as, bellows, scissors^ 
lungs, riches, Slc. 

Some words are the same in both numbers: as, deer, sheep^ 
9unne, &C 

The plural number of nouns is generally formed by adding s to 
Uie singular: %»,dove, dwes; face, faces; thox^ht, thoughts. But 
when the substantive singular ends in x, ch, sofl,«^, ss, or s, we add es 
In the plural: as, box, boxes; church, churches ; la^K lashes; kiss, 
kisses ; rebus, rebuses. If the singular ends in ch hard, the plural 
is formed by adding s : as, monarch, monarchs ; distich, distichs. 

Nouns which end in o, have sometimes es added to the plural . 
as, cargo, echo, hero, negro^ manifesto, potato, volcano, too : and some- 
times only s ; na, folio, nuncio, punctilio^ seraglio. 

Nouns ending in /, or fe, are rendered plural by the change of 
those terminations into ves: as, loaf, loaves; half, halves; icife, 
wives ; except grief, relief, reproof and several others, which form 
the plural by 5ie addition of s. Those which end in Jf, have the 
regular plural : as, ruff, ruffs ; except staff, staves. 
Some nouns become plural by changing tVio a of the altigiilar into 
d ' as, rnan^ men ; woman^ women ; alderman^ oldenKerv. tW "vi^ix^ 



id ehild^ form oxen and children ; brother^ makes either brothen 
tihrenm Sometimes the diphthong oo is changed into ee in the> 
il : as, foot^ feet ; goosey geese ; toothy teeUu Loute and mouse* 
9 Uce and mice* Pemii/ makes pence ; or pennies^ when the 
is me4nt ; die, dice (for play ;) die^ dies (for coining.) 
is agreeable to analogy, and the practice of the generahty of 
ict writers, to construe the following words as plural nouns 
r, riches^ alms: and also, mcttiiemtUicSy metaphysics polities^ 
I, optics^ pneuniaticSy with other similar names of sciences, 
r a general rule for the use of the word means^ as either singu- 
r plural, it would render the construction less vague, and the 
sssion therefore less ambiguous, were we to employ it as sin* 
', when the mediation or instrumentality of one thing is im* 
; and, as plural, when two or more mediating causes are re- 
1 to. ^ He was careful to observe what means were employed 
ui adversaries, to counteract his schemes.*' Here means is 
srly joined with a plural verb, several methods of counter- 
a being signified. ^* The king consented ; and, by this means 
ope of success was lost" Here but one mediating circum* 
e is implied ; and the noun is, therefore, used as singular. 

le following words, which have been adopted from the Hebrew, 
k, and Latin languages, are thus distinguished, with respect 
























( Appendices or 
I Appendixes. 







Encomium t 





> Magus, 



Data. -r 

( Enc(»nia or 
( Encomiums. 


Genii. * 

( Indices or 
( Indexes, t 



( Memoranda at 
( Memorandums* 





enst, when denoting aerial spirits ; Omiuses, when signifying persons of 


Jezes, when it signHies pointers, or Tables of CouienU* fadica^^^«^t%> 

' to algebraic quantitiea. 


Sume words, derived from the learned langaiges, are confined 
!o the plural number as, antipodes^ credenda^ literati^ minuiUD, 

The following nouns, being in Latin, both mngular and plural 
are used in the same manner, when adopted into our tongue : huh 
/i4i, apparatus^ teiies^ tpecitt* 

It is a general rule, that all names of things measured orweighud, 
have no plural ; for in them not number, but quantity is regarded : 
as vpool^ tDine^ oiL When we speak, however, of different kindis 
we use the plural : as, (^ coarser wools, the ricJier wines, the fitut 

The word news is now almost universally considered as belonj^ 
ingto the singular number. 

The noun means is used both in the singular and the plural num* 

We shall conclude, with the following observation, id 
relation to the claim of this little volume to a preference 
over all other vocabularies by which it has been preceded. 
We allude co the selection of words. Unless accom*. 
panied by a particular caution, no word has been ad< 
initted, which is not now of polite or popular use ; and 
no word has been excluded, which is required either in 
epistolary composition or in conversaiioD 

Pfiiladelphia, Dec. 1, 1828. 


Art, article ; «. lubstantive : adj, adjective : jpron. pronoun : o. verb : adwk 
adverb : jpirep, preposition : conj, conjunction : int, interjection : pr. present * 
par. parUciple: pL. olura * fem. feminine: comp. comparative: tup. supei^ 



kA\FT. adv. From the fore part 
of a ship, towards the stera. 
- ilBAN'DON. V. To give up, resign, 
or quit ; to desert, to forsake, pr. 
par. abandoningi past, abandoned: 
s. abandonment 

ABA'SE. V. To cast down ; to de- 
press ; to perform an act of self- 
liamiliation. pr. par. abasing; past, 
abaud: s. abasement, 

ABASH', v. To make ashamed, pr. 
par. abashing i past, abashed: s. 

ABATE. V. To lessen, to diminish, 
to quash, pr. par. abating; past, 
abated : s. abatement^ abater, 

ABATIS. *. A military term — 
T rees cut down, and laid so as to 
form a defence for troops. 

AB'BACY. s. The rights or privi- 
leges of an abbot, pi. tAbtunes. adj. 

AB'BESS. s. The superior or gover- 
ness of a nunnery, o<r convent of 
women, pi. abbesxs. 

Afi^BEY. s. A monastery of religi- 
ous persons, either male or fe- 

AB'BOT. s. The chief of a convent 
of men. 

ABBRE'VIATE. v. To shorten ; to 
abridge, pr. par. abbreviating; past, 
ahbrcDiated: s. abbreviation^ abbre- 
viator^ abbreviaiure. 

AB'DICATE. v. To resign, pr. par 
abdicating; past, abdicated: s. ab- 
dication^ eAdicator: adj. abdica- 
live^ nbdtcant. 

aBT>ITORY. *. A hiding place, pi. 
ahdifories. \ 

ABDU'CK V To draw away; toll 


draw one jtart from another, pr, 
par. abducmg; past, a6dieced .• adj. 

ABDUCTION, s. Act of abdueing 
s. abdudor. 

ABECEDARIAN, s. A teacher of 
the alphabet. 

Deviation from the right way ; er- 
ror, pi. aberrances^ aberrancies: — 
tUterration: adj. atterranL par. adj. 

ABE'F. V. To support another in his 
illegal designs, pr. par. abetting ^ 
past, abetted: s. edteiiery oi abettor^ 

ABEY'ANCE. s. In law, a state of 

ABHOR'. V. To detest, to hate with 
acrimony, pr. par. abhorring; past, 
abhorrea: s. abhorrence^ or ab 
horrency; abhorrer: aoj. t^hor* 
rent: adv. abhorrently. 

ABI'DE V. To stay in a place ; to 
dwell; to remain, pr. par. abid' 
ing; past, abode: s. abider, abode. 

ABIL'ITY. *. Power, mental effi- 
ciency, pi. abilities. 

AB'JECT. adj. Worthless, mean 
groveling, s. abjection, abjectness 
adv. abjectly. 

AB'JUGATE. V. To unyoke, pr 
par. abjugating; past, abjugated 

ABJUIIE. V. To retract; to sweai 
not to do, or not to have. pr. par. 
abjuring; past, abjured: s. abjtt' 
ration, abjurement, abjurer. 

AB'LATIVE. s. That which takes 
away ; the s'lxlYi Cttae ot ^^\<ft VA^vck 

V3L— A3?. 


A ^ IZ. r : -~i_-\'.^ LTi^rj . jtir lb: J. ABROGATE, r. To repeal, to mn- 

A i !£-£•- 1' ~i^ iu ' jc-:n^ •; :"! a iL or- par. a6ra^/ui^ ; past, «t 

:•:•: - I n^i^d : s. oAro^ftfr, oAno^ofMNI 

AzLr.'T::>~ r. r*^ ICC m' cje925- J Afi&UPT. aa^. Bffokiea, craggy 

ij l:^ x.-.-x^n:: | loiddeju unexpected, mdr. abnig4- 

A li^.' « r.!l' Z.ZS. Lli xiiri : Li i lOi.? : ; i^i : a. abn^tion^ o&raipliiess. 

.-.-..: 1^4-.:. " jAETiCCSS. «: A tumour tilled with 

I ■.•I'ie. XBSClSTf. r. To cut off pr. ptr. 

Ab'.'E. I-^H 7. T? i:i:iul: £o ret in ajfci/iitjur; past- abtcindtd. 

\S\:i?>\6S. a. Act ofabKiiidinf 

::■ iestr:'- zr rar. :4^«:t- ;AB:?l.'I? 

* Ei!'LITL«jV. f. Act of uoujoiii^. 
ADij\r LIABLE, mdj. HiLezil, de- 

AEONrr.NATE. r. To abhor, tu ce- 

AtiSTOMX. V. To hide; to depart 
•ecrctlj. pr par. abactmdtng; 
oiLfC, abscmdtd .- s. o^jcoaidcr. 

A&SEYT. aJj. Not prewnt; imO- 
teaiive. t. abaenf; pr. par. «^ 
x.iti%f; past, a6jcnfcdr a. o^* 

c»*<t. pr. par. a6'rmiiichA«- .- post, : ABSELVmT. «. A word applied, liy 
ah'/minated . s. obuTniiiiz/ii/it. the British and the Irish, to mH 

ABORIGIXES. *. Trie earliest in- 
habitants of a country. aJj. abari- 
^n.d : adv. ahori^nally. 

AbOR'TIO.V 5. Act of bringing 
forth prematurely : the produce of" 
a prematiin* birth, adj. ahortiee: 
adv. ai/ortieeljf : s. aborticeness. 

ABOOiy. V. To have in great; 
pknty : to be in great plenty, pr. 
pur. abounding ; past, abcundcd. , 

ABOCT'. prep. Around; surround-; 
in? : near to, itc. adv. about 

AUCVE. prep. Higher in place;! 
hi'^her in rank; more than; too 
proijil for. .iilv. a6ore. 

ABrrVE-BOARD. adv. In open 
sight : without disguise or con- 
real m**iif. 

tionrd orevioiislv. 

ABRA'DF:. v. To' nib off. pr. par. 
ahrnifinz: past, abraded. 

ABRA'SION. s. Act of abrading. | 
ndj. ahrnuve 

ABftEAST. aih. Side bv side. 

ABRI'DGE. V. To contract, to dimin- 
ish, to cut short, pr. par. abridg- 
ing ; past, abridged : s. abridger, 

ABROAU. adv. Without confine- 

of Luge estate who reside out of 
thi?ir c ount ry. 

.KBSOUJTEL' odj. Unconditional: 
cot relative; not limited; poA* 
live ; certain, adr. mbsolutdy : ■ 

ABSOLmO.X. «. ActofahMdvinr, 
acquittal ; remission of siiis. aq> 

ABSO'L\T. r. To free, to acaixit,t6 
disch.'vrge. pr. par. abawmngt 
post, a£ro/rcd.- %. ^m^oer. 

ABSONANT, ad;. Contrary to re» 
son; not to the purpose; incon- 
sistent. adT. absonoKUy. 

ABSORB', r. To suck in; to swal- 
low up. pr. par. eJtsorbing ; paat| 
ab$orhfd: adj. absorbent. 

ABSORPTIO.N. a. Act of abmib- 
in?, adj. absorptive. 

ABSTAIN*. V. To keep from; to 
forbear, pr. par. abstMning ; pasl| 
abstained: s. tU>stainer. 

ABSTE'MIOUS. adf. Tempente, 
sober, nostincnt. s. eJfstemioHsnesa 
adv. ah.tteminu.xly. 

adj. Of a cleansing quality. «. ab- 

ABSTINENCE, s. Act of abstain 

meat: from homft , in anolhet'A \tt^. ^^.y objUnr^l ^s. absH- 
aountrj. \ newttif. 



ABSTRACT, v. To take from ; to 
separate, pr. par. abstrtuUng; 
past, abstracted: adj. ab'stract, 
abstractive : s. ab'siract, abstrac- 
titm^ abstractedness: adv. tAstraci- 

ABSTRU'SE. adj. Hidden; difficult. 
8. (tbstruseness : adv. abstrusdy. 

ABSURD*, adj. Unreasonable; in- 
consistent ; contrary lo reason, s. 
absurdity^ pi. absurdities: adv. 

ABUN'DANCE. s. Plenty; more 
than sufficient, adj. ainmdani: 
adv. abundantly. 

ABU'SE. V. To make an ill use of; 
to treat with rudeness, pr. par. 
abusing: past, tUmsed: s. tUmse^ 
abusivencss^ abvuer: adj. abtuive : 
adv. alfusively. 

ABUTMENT. «. That which abuts 
or borders on. 

ABYSS', s. Depth without bottom ; 
a prodigious gulf. pi. abysses. 

ACA'CIA. s. A species of drug. 

ACAD'EMY. s. A society united for 
the promotion of sooe art or 
science ; the place where sciences 
are taught, pi. academies ; s. acad- 
emician : adj. academialy academic^ 
academical: adv. academiotdly. 

ACANTH US. s. A species of plant, 
pi. acanthuses, 

ACCEDE. V. To be added to;- to 
come to; to assign over; to 
agree, pr. par. accetUng ; past, ac- 

ACCEL'ERATE. v. To husten, to 
quicken, pr. par. accelerating; 
past, accelerated: s. acceleration: 
adv. accelerative. 

ACCENT, s. Manner of speaking, 
or pronouncing; sound given to 
a particular syllable; mark of 
that sound, v. accent; pr. par. 
accenting; past> accented: adj. 

^CCEN'TUATE. v. To place the 
accents properly, pr. par. aecen- 
tuating; past, accentuated: b. ac- 

iCi:EFT. V. To receive wHUngly ; 


to admit with approbation, pr. 
par. accepting ; past, accepted idj 
acceptable: adv. acceptably, s ao> 
cepiability^ acceptance^ acceptation^ 

ACCESS', s. Means or liberty of ap* 
proachuig; increase, pi. acces^s 
s. occesAton, accessary --pi. accitsa- 
ries: adj. accessory. 

ACCES'SIBLE. adj. Possible to be 
approached, or reached, s. acas 
stbiUiyj pi. accessibilities. 

ACCIDENT. 8. The property oi 
quality of any bein^ which may 
be separated from it, at least in 
thought; casualty; chance, adj 
acciaental : adv. accidentally. 

ACCES'SORY. adj. Joined to ; addi 
tional. s. accessory^ pi. accessori a 

ACCIFIENT. s. A receiver. 

ACCITE. ». To call, to summon 
pr. par. acciting; past, acctW ; a. 
acctter, accitor. 

ACCLAIM'. *. A shout of praise j 
acclamation, (little used.) 

ACCLAMA'TION. s. Shouts of ap 
plauso. adj. accUimatory. 

ACCLIMATE v. To habituate to a 
new climate, pr. par. acclimating; 
past, acclimated: adj. acclimative. 

ACCLIVITY. 5. Steepness, reck- 
oned upwards, pi. acclivities : adj 

ACCOM'MODATE. v. To render * 
convenience ; to make suitable \ 
to compromise, pr. par. accommo 
dating; past, accommodated: s 
accommoaaiiony accommodator 
adj. accommodable. 

ACdOM'PANY. V. To go with, as a 
companion ; to escort, pr. par. ac- 
companying; past, accompanied; 
8. accompaniment. 

ACCOM'PLICE s. A partner is 

ACCOMPLISH. V. To complete; 
to execute fully ; to obtain . to 
adorn, pr. par. accomphshing; past 
accompUshed: s. accomplishment, 
adj. accomplishable. 

ACCORD. t». To ?LgTe<i. w. "^"w. im*. 
cording'; pa«t, accordea: %. oeccvA^ 



A'BLE. adj. Having ability; adv. ably. 

A'BLE-BOiyiED. adj. Strong of 

ABLUTION. 8. The act of cleans- 
ing, adj. Muent 

A B(5aKD. adv. On board ; in a ship ; 
into a ship. 

ABaDE. The preterit of abide, s. 

ABOL'ISH. V. To annul; to put an 
end to ; to destroy, pr. par. abol- 
ishing; past, aboHshed: ». abol- 
isher: aqj. c^olishable. 

ABOLITION, s. Act of abolishing. 

ABOMINABLE, adj. Hateful, de- 
testable, adv. abcmxnably: s. 

ABONTINATE. v. To abhor, to de- 
test, pr. par. abomijwHng ; past, 
abominated : s. abomination. 

ABORIGINES, s. The earliest in- 
habitants of a country, adj. abori- 
gtnal : adv. abori^nally. 

ABORTION. 8. Act of bringing 
forth prematurely ; the produce of| 
a premature birth, adj. abortive: 
adv. abortively : s. abortivenes*. 

ABOUNEK. V. To have in great 
plenty ; to be in great plenty, pr. 
par. abounding ; past, iAoundca. 

ABOUT*, pr^. Around; surround- 
ing ; near to, &c. adv. about. 

ABC/VE. prep. Higher in place; 
higher in rank ; more than ; too 
proud for. adv. above. 

ABO'VE-BOARD. adv. In open 
sight; without disguise or con- 

tioned previously. 

ABRA'DE. v. To nib off. pr. par. 
abrading; past, abraded. 

ABRA'SIOxN. s. Act of abrading, 
adj. abrasive. 

ABREAST, adv. Side by side. 

ABRI'DGE. V. To contract, to dimin- 
ish, to cut short, pr. par. abridg- 
ing ; past, abridged : s. abridger^ 

ABROAU. adv. Without confine- 
ment ; from homt , in another 



AB'ROGATE. v. To repuil, to an- 
nul, pr. par. abrogating; past, tA 
rogated : s. abrogaior, ahrogaiion 

ABRUPT', adj. Broken, craggy 
sadden, unexpected, adv. abrupP 
ly : s. abruption, abruptness. 

AB'SCESS. s. A tumour tilled witk 
matter, pi. abscesses. 

ABSCINiy. v. To cut off. pr. par. 
abscinding ; past, abscinded. 

ABSCIS'SlON. s. Act of abscindinj^ 

ABSCONiy. V. To hide ; to depart 
secretly, pr. par. absconding; 
past, absconded : s. absconder. 

AB'SENT. adj. Not present; inat^ 
tentive. v. absent; pr. par. eA* 
senting; past, absented: s. a6* 

ABSENTEE*, s. A word applied, by 
the British and the Irish, to m«i 
of large estate who reside out of 
their country. 

AB'SOLUTE. adj. Unconditional; 
not relative; not limrted; posi- 
tive ; certain, adv. absolutely : i 

ABSOLUTION, s. Actof absoWinjp 
acquittal ; remission of ^ins. adj. 

ABSO'LVE. V. To free, to ac<iuit,to 
discharge, pr. par. absolving, 
past, absolved: s. absolver. 

ABSONANT, adj. Contrary to re^ 
son; not to the purpose; incon- 
sistent, adv. absonanUy. 

ABSORB', v. To suck in ; to swat 
low up. pr. par. absorbing ; pasti 
absoroed: adj. absorbent. 

ABSORPTION, s. Act of absorb- 
ing, adj. absorptive. 

ABSTAIN', v. To keep from; to 
forbear, pr. par. abstaining ; past, 
abstainea: s. abstainer. 

ABSTE^MIOUS. adj. Temperate, 
sober, aostinent. s. abstemiousness 
adv. abstemiously. 

adj. Of a cleansing quality, s. a6- 

ABSTINENCE, s. Act of abstain 
ing. ad^. abstinent «d.v. a6sit- 



ABSTRACT, v. To take firom ; ton to admit with apprubation. pr. 

separate, pr. par. abstmcHngt^ nnr. ar.cfniiner : raivt^ ace^nitd niii 

paist, absiraeied: adj. ab'stract^ 

abstractive : a. ab'stract^ absirac- 
Itoftf tibstractedness: adv. tAstracU 

ABSTRITSE. adj. Hidden; difficult. 
8. abstnuentss : adv. abstrusdy. 

ABSURD', adj. Unreasonable; in- 
consistent ; contrary lo reason, a. 
absurdity^ pi. eAsurdUiei: adv. 

ABUN'DANCE. s. Plenty; more 
than sufficient, adj. abtmdani: 
adv. abtmdantly. 

ABU'SE. V. To make an ill use of; 
to treat with rudeness, pr. par. 
abusing ; past, tUmsed: b. wuse^ 
abusivenesSy abvuer: adj. abtuive : 
adv. abusivdy. 

ABUTMENT. «. That which abuts 
or borders on. 

ABYSS'. 8. Depth without bottom; 
a prodigious gulf. pi. abysses. 

ACA'CIA. s. A species of drug. 

ACAD'EMY. s. A soc'ety united for 
the promotion of some art or 
science ; the place where sciences 
are taught, pi. academies ; s. acad- 
emician : adj. academialf academic, 
academical: adv. acadenucklly. 

ACANTHUS. *. A species of plant, 
pi. acanthuses. 

ACCE'DE. V. To be added to;- to 
come to; to assign over; to 
agree, pr. par. acce<Kng ; past, ac- 

ACCEL'ERATE. v. To husten, to 
quicken, pr. par. accelerating! 
past, accelerated: s. acceleration: 
adv. accelerative. 

ACCENT. *. Manner of speaking, 
or pronouncing; sound given to 
a particular syllable; mark of] 
that sound, v. accent; pr. par. 
accenting; past> accented: adj. 

^CCEN'TUATE. «. To place the 
accents properly, pr. par. accen- 
tuating; past, accmtuated: b. ac- 

par. accepting; past, accepted adi 
acceptable: adv. acceptably, s ao> 
ceptabiliiy^ acceptances acceptation^ 

ACCESS', s. Means or liberty of ap- 
proaching ; increase, pi. accesses 
8. accession, accessary --pi. acciua- 
ries: adj. accessory. 

ACCES'SIBLE. adj. Possible to be 
approached, or reached, s. acas 
stbtUiy^ pi. accessibilities. 

ACX5IDENT. s. The property oi 
quality of any bcin^ which may 
be separated from it, at least in 
thought; casualty; chance, adj 
4icciaental : adv. accidentally. 

ACCES'SORY. adj. Joined to ; addi 
tional. s. accessory^ pi. accessori s 

ACClFIENT. s. A receiver. 

ACCl'TE. «. To call, to summon 
pr. par. acciting; past, accited: a, 
acctter^ accitor. 

ACCLAIM', s. A shout of praise ; 
acclamation, (little used.) 

ACCLAMA'TION. s. Shouts of ap 
plauso. adj. acclamatory. 

ACCLIMATE, v. To habituate to a 
new climate, pr. par. acclimating ; 
paniy acclimated : Vidj. accUmative. 

ACCLIVITY, s. Steepness, reck- 
oned upwards, pi. acclivities : adj 

ACCOM'MODATE. v. To render * 
convenience ; to make suitable ; 
to compromise, pr. par. accommo 
dating; past, accommodated: s 
accommoaation^ accommodator 
adj. accommodable. 

ACdOM'PANY. V. To go with, as a 
companion ; to escort, pr. par. ac- 
companying; past, accompanied I 
s. accompaniment. 

ACCOM'PLICE. s. A partner is 

ACCOM'PLISH. V. To complete: 
to execute fully ; to obtain . to 
adorn, pr. par. accomplishing; past 
accomplished: s. accomplishment. 

adj. accomplishable. 
ACCORliy. t). To ^fe^i. 'wt.'^'w. ote 
in:EPT. V. To receive willingly ;|| rordtng; ^aftX^aaordAd: va««rt<L, 


nceordance : adj. accord%nl : adr. 
nccm^ntly^ accordingly. 

ACCOST. V. To speak to; toad- 
dress ; to salute, pr. par. tuxost- 
ing; past, accostM: adj. accosta- 

ACCOUCHEUR', a. A surgeon who 
attends a female during her con- 

ACCOUNT. 8. A computation of 
debts or expenses; profit; advan- 
tage ; distinction ; saJce ; narrative. 
V. account; pr. par. ctccouniing; 
past, accounted: s. accontrUani^ 
accountability — pi. accounicAUi- 
Ues: adi. accountable: adv. tic- 

ACCOU'TRE. V. To equip, to dress, 
pr. par. accoutring ; past, accov^ 
tred : s. accoutrement. 

ACCREiyiT. V. To procure or give 
honour or credit to. pr. par. ac- 
crediting ; past, accremied. 

ACCRES'CEiNT. adj. Increasing. 

ACCRETION. $. Act of increasing ; 
increase, adj. accretive. 

ACCRUE'. V. To be added to; to 
arise from. pr. par. accruing; past, 
accrued: s. aecruemeni. 

ACCU'MULATE. v. To pile up ; to 
heap together; to increase, pr. 

J>ar. accumulating ; past, acctanu- 
ated: s. acotmutohon, accumula- 
tor: adj. ae^*tmtUative: adv. accu- 

ACCURATE, adj. Exact ; very cor- 
rect, s. accuracy f pi. accuracies: 
adv. accurately. 

ACCURSE'. V. iTo doom to misery ; 
to invoke a curse, pr. par. occurs- 
ing ; past, accursecL 

ACCU'SE. V. To charge with a 
crime ; to blame ; to censure, pr. 
par. accusing; past, accused: s. 
accusation^ accuser: adj. accusable^ 
aect*sative^ accusatory. 

ACCUSTOM. V. To habituate; to 

inure, pr. phv. accustoming ; past, 

accustomed: adj. accustomary: 

adv. accusioma*'iiy 

ACK s. One; a single point, or.' 

cards or dice. ij 


ACERBATE, v. To make sour, nr 

par. acerbating; past, acerbukd, 
ACER'BlTY. s. Sourness, severity 

pi. acerbities. 
ASCES'CENT. adj. Growing sour 
ACE'TOUS. adj. Sour. 
ACHE. s. Continued pain. v. adbt* 

pr par. aching; past, etched r i 

ACHIIiyVE. V. To perform, to le 

complish. pr. par. achieving ; puslt^ 

achieved: s. adUever^ achievement 

adj. achievable, 
A'CID. s. A sour substance, tdi 

acid: s. acidity^ pi. acidities: jl^ 

ACHROMATIC, adj. In optics, ap< 

plied to telescopes, — "contrived 

to remedy aberrations." 
ACIDULATE, v. To make sonr. 

5)r. par. acidulating; past, acidm' 
atea: adj. act^u/a/tvf, acidulous. 
ACME, s. The heig! t. 
ACKNOWLEDGE, v. To confoi 

as a fault; to own as a benefit, 

pr. par. acknowledging ; past, ao- 

fcnowledged : a. admowledgmf i< 
A'CORN. s. The seed of the oak. 
ACOUSTICS, s. The doctrine oi 

ACQUAINT. V. To inform; to 

make familiar with. pr. par. at' 

quainting; past, acquainttd: s. 

ACQUIESCE*. V. To be satisfied 

with, either really or apparently. 

pr. par. acquiescing ; past, acqtd' 

esced: s. acquiescencce : adj. a^<i 

ACQUI'RE. V. To gain, to obtain. 

pr. par. acquiring; pv^st^ acquired: 

s. acquiremeiUt acquirer: adj. ere* 

ACQUISITION, s. Act of acquis 

incr ; thing acquired. 
ACQUIT. V. To declare innocent ; 

to absolve, nr. par. acquitting; 

past, acquitted: s. acq^titinnct.. 
A'CRE. s. A quantity o** land, con* 

tnining 180 square perches. 

A'CRID. adj. Of a hot, biting taste; 




I CRIMONT. .% SharpnesSj severi- 
ty, corrosiveneas. pi. aenmoniea : 
adj. aeriaumiaus : adv. acrwuni' 

a^» Belonging to profound learn- 

iCROSS'. ado. Athwart; laid over, 
■0 as to cross. 

iCROSTIC. s. A kind of verses, of 
which the first letter of every line 
being taken, a particular name is 
fbond. adj. acrosliCf aeroskeal: 
adv. mcroaUcaUy. 

kCT. V. To be in action ; to produce 
effect; to perform a borrowed 
character, pr. par. o/eUngf past, 
oded .* s. ae(, oetton, odor, 

ACTIONABLE, adj. Admittin|^ an 
action in law ; liable to an action. 

1CT1V£> adj. Having the power or 
quality of acting ; busy ; nimble ; 
quick, adv. oc&vefy; s. aaUviiy^ 
pL a^hities. 

ICTRESS. 8, She that performs 
any thing, pi. adreues. 

ICTUAL. ady. Real; not specula- 
tive, adv. aatualty. 

iCTCJARY. 9. A clerk who com- 
piles minutes of the proceedings 
of a court, or society, pi. actuaries. 

ICTUATE. V. To put into action, 
pr. par. actuating; past, aetuaied: 
m. actuation : adj. ocfua/ioe. 

ICTJMEN. s. A sharp point ; acute- 
ne ss. 

kCUTE. adj. Ending in a point ; 
•harp; of a penetrating mind, 
adv. acutely : s. aeuteness, 

lEXAGE. 8. A maxim, a proverb. 

IDA'GIO. A term in music, de- 
noting slow time. 

ID^AMANT. s. A stone of impene- 
trable hardness; the diamond, 
adf. adamantine, 

IITAMITE. s. The name of a reli- 
gious sect, who used to pray na- 

|J)APT. 0. To fit, to suit. pr. par. 
adapting; past, adapted: s. aaap' 
taOon^ adaption: adj. adaptabU: 
adap/aduity^ pi. acUipiabiUtia 


ADD. V. To join ; to perform add!, 
tion. pr. par. adding ; past, added, 

AD^DER. 8. A serpent, a viper- 

ADDEJTDA. «. Things to be 

ADDICT. V. To devote, to dedicate, 
pr. par. addicting; past, addicted, 
s. addiction, 

ADDITION. 8. Act of addmg; 
thing added, adj. iuUtd'oNoi: adv. 

AD'DLE. V. To make stupid; to 
confuse, pr. par. addling; past, 

ADDRESS'. V. To prepare one*s-seU 
to enter upon any action ; to ap- 
ply to another, bv words ; to ac- 
cost, pr. par. aadreeainr; (tast, 
addressed: s. address, addresser. 

ADDU'CE. «. To bring forward ; to 
ofier in argument, pr. par. ad 
dudng; past, adduced: adj. ad- 
ducent, adoMeible, 

ADDUCTION. 8. Act of adducing. 

ADEMPTION, s. Act of taking 
away ; privation, adj. ademptive. 

ADEPT. 8. One completely skilled 
in any particular art. adv. adeptlf. 

AIXEQUATE. adj, Enual to ; pro. 
portionate. adv. adequately, a 

ADHERE. V. To stick ; to continue 
firmly fixed, pr. par. adhering ; 
past, adhered, s. adherence^ ad- 
Kerent, adherer: adj. adherent: adv. 

ADHE'SION. 8, Act of adhering: 
adj. cuihesive: adv. adhesively s. 

ADIEU', int. Farewell, s. adieu, 

ADJA'CENT. adj. Lying netr; 
neighbouring, s. ttdjacency, pi. aJ- 

AiyJECTIVE. ». A word added to 
a noun to signify some quality, 
adv. adjectively. 

ADJOIN . V To jom to ; to be con- 
tiguous to. pr. par. adjoining , 
past, adjoined, 

ADJOURN'. V. To put off to another 
('.ay, or to aT\oln«i \viu^ o^ \.Vv^ 
•jame day. pt. ip». adjvwmivi^ ; 


^Mist, adjourned : s. tidjoummtni^ 
ADJUDGE'. V. To give a judicial 
sentence; to jud^; to decree, 
pr. par. adjudging; past, adjudg- 

ADJUDICATION. «. Act of adjudg- 

ADJUNCT, a. Something adherent 
or united to another; a person 
united to another, a. adjundion : 
adj. adjuneif adjunctive ; adv. ad- 

ADJU'RE. T». To impose an oath 
upon ; to charge earnestly, pr. par. 
adjuHng; past, adjuTred: s. adju- 
raiion^ adjurer, 

ADJUST. V. To regulate , to render 
conformable, pr. par. admitting j 
past, adjusted: s. adjuster^ aj^usU 

AD'JUTANT. *. An assistant regi- 
mental officer, s. adjutancy^ pi. 

ment of proportions ; act of mea- 

ADMINISTER, v. To give, to af- 
ford, to perform ; to act as minis- 
ter or agent, pr. par. admmister- 
i^gi past, admimsiered: adj. ad- 

ADMINISTRATE, v. To act as a 
minister or agent, pr. par. admin- 
istrating; past, admtnt«<ra<eel.* s. 
admtnistrationj administraior, ad- 
ministrairix^ (pLadmimttratrius) : 
adj. eubninistrattve. 

AiyRflRAL. 8. The chief conmiand- 
er of a large fleet, s. admiralty^ 
pi. admiraltlies* 

ADMIHE. V. To regard with won- 
der or pleasure, pr. par. admir- 
ing; past, admired: s. admiration, 
admirer: adj. admirable: adv. ad- 
mtrably, admiringly, 

ADMIS'SlON. s. The act or practice 
of admitting, s. admissibility: 
adj. admissible • adv. admisswely. 

ADMIT. V. To let in ; to grant, pr. 
par. admitting; past, admitted: 
If, M^n/'Oi'na!, admitter. 


ADMiwX. o. To mingle witli. pr 
par. adn^txing; pest, admixtd: s 
admixHon^ euimixtuans. 

ADMONlSa V. To warn of m ftult; 
to reprove gently ; to iafom. pr. 
par. admonishing; past, cdbnon- 
tshed : s. admonisher. 

ADMONITION, s. Actof adnxmish- 
ing ; advice or informatkm given, 
s. admonitor : adj. admomUivef ad' 
monitory: adv. ad m o n itorHy. 

CY. s. The ace succeedinif c]i3d« 
hood. pi. of adolesoeney, aaokaem' 

ADOPT. V. To receive as our own, 
to receive for use. pr. par. adopt 
ing; past, adofted. s. adofUr^ 
adoption: adj. adoptive t adv. 

ADORE. V. To worship with est sr* 
nal homage, pr. pax. adortng; psit« 
odond : s. adorxUion, adorer: aij 

ADROIT, adj. Dexterous, skilfil, 
active, s- adroitness: adv. adroitiy. 

ADORN'. V. To dress; to deck witk 
ornaments, pr. par. adorning; pant, 
adorned : s. aaomer^ adommitni, 

ADRIFT, adv. Floating withou* i 

ADSTRICTION. s. Act of binding 
together, adj. adstrietive. 

ADULATION, s. Extreme flattery 
s. adulator : adj. adulatory^ mdu 

ADULT s. A person full grown. 

ADULTERATE, v. To corrupt by 
eome admixture, p. par. aduUer' 
ating; past, adulterated- a^j* 
adulterate : s. adulteration. 

ADULTERY, s. Violation of the 
marriage bed. pi.adulteries: e.adul 
terer, fem. adtUtress, pi. adultresses. 

ADUST, adj. Burned up; scorched, 
s. adustion. 

ADVANCE*. V. To move forward; 
to promote; to accelerate; to 
propose, pr. par. a<{oanctn#; past, 
advanced: s. €idvancef advancer^ 


I»oit unity, y. adettniagef pr. par. 
ado€miaging; past, tubfaniaged,: 
adj. advantageous: ady. adoatUagC' 
€u^y : 8. adoanUigeofuaness* 

A£rV£NT. «. The name of one of 
the holy aeaaons, signifying ^^ the 
romioff**, — ^that is, the coming of 
Jesus Christ, which is made the 
subject of Christian devotion dur- 
ing the four weeks immediately 
before Christmas. 

ADVENITTIOUS. adj. Accidental, 
extrinsic, adv. adoeniUioudy. 

ADVENTURE. «. Accident; a 
chance ; an enterprize. y. adoen' 
ture; pr. par. adventuring { p^st, 
adoentured: s. adoenturer: adj. 
adventurous: adv. adoenluroudy. 

AiyVERB. s, A word joined to an- 
other word, to signify some qual- 
ity or circumstance respecting it. 
adv. adverhiaUy. 

ACrVERSARY. s. An opponent; an 
enemy. pL adversaries. 

AiyVERSE. adj. Opoo&inff, hostile, 
calamitous, adv. aaversdv : s. ad- 
verseness, adversity, pi. aaverstttes. 

ADVERT. V. To attend to; to 
speak of. pr. par. adverting ; past, 
adverted: a. advertence: adj. ad- 

ADVERTI'SK v. To inform; to 
make public, pr. par. advertising ; 
past, advertised: s. advertisement, 

ADVrCE. s. Counsel, instruction, 

ADVrSE. V. To counsel, to inform, 
to make acquainted, pr. par. ad- 
vising; past, advised: adj. ad- 
visable: adv. advisably: s. advi- 

AD^VOCATE. V. To plead or es- 
pouse the cause of another, pr. 
par. advoeatinfff past, advocated: 
8. advocate, advocation, advocacy, 
pi. advocacies: adj. advoeative. 

AOVOLUTION. s. Act of roUing 
towards, adj. advolutory. 

ADVOU'SON. s. The right of pres- 
cntation to a church, or ecclesias- 
tics/ beaeSce. I 


AEHIAL. adj. Belonging to, or in 
habiting the air ; placed in the air 

iEl'RIE. s. A young brood or nest of 

iEHEFORM. adj. Gaseous; havmg 
the form of air. 

iSHOLlTE. «. A solid substance 
which has fallen out of the air, as 
a meteoric stone. 

JEROUOGY. «. Thedoctrihcofthc 
air. pi. ceroiogies: adj. eerologtcaL 

JEROMTTER. 8. An instruaient for 
weighingjhe air. 

AEROSTATION, s. The science o* 
weighing air. 

^'RONAUT. s. One who ascends in 
a balloon, adj. mronautical. 

AF'FABLE. aOj. Of easy manners ; 
courteous ; complaisant, adv. affa- 
bly : s. affability, pi. affabilities. 

AFFAFR s. Business; something 
to be managed or transacted ; in 
military language, a skirmish. 

AFFECr. V. To act upon ; to influ- 
ence ; to pretend, pr. par. affect- 
tng* / past, ckffected : s. affectation : 
adv. affectedly, tiffectingly. 

AB'FECTiON. *. State of beinsf af- 
fected; love; personal attachmeri. 
adj. e^ectionate: adv. affectionately. 

AFli'ETUO'SO. A term of music, 
signifying to be sung or played 

AFFl'ANCE V. To betroth; to 
bind, by promise, to marriage, pr. 
par. affiancing; past, affianced. 

AFFIDA' VIT. s. A declaration upon 

AFFILIATE, v. To associate, ally, 
or unite with. pr. par. affiliating, 
past, affiliated. 

AFFILIATION, s. Adoption; act ul 
taking a son or a daughter. 

AFFINITY. *. Connexion with; re- 
lation to; relation by marriage, 
opposed to consanguinity, pi. af- 

AFFIRM'. V. To ratify ; to declare. 

pr. par. cffirming; past, affirmed: 

s. affirmance, affirmant, affirmor 

tion, affirmer : wly ajjirmatice^ of- 

Jirtnablt : adv. afllrmaU»tl\j. 


AFFIX. V. To unite to the end ; to 

subjoin ; to connect with. pr. par. 

affixing; past, affixtd: s. ajfix^ 

AiBTLATlON. «. Act of breathing 

upon. adj. afflaiive. 
AFFLICT. V. To cauie pain; to 

grieve, pr. par. ajflidif^f past, 

tifflicied: 8. affUcter^ ^icUon: 

adj. afflictive : adv. ^Uciivdy. 
APFLOENCE. *. Act of flowine; 

ezuberanoe of riches: plenty, adj. 

aMitent : adv. affhunUy, 
AFFLUX s. Act of flowinff to ; the 

thing which Hows. pL affluxes : s. 

Allf'ORD'. V. To yield or produce ; 

to grant or confer any thing, pr. 

par. affording ; past, (mhrdM. 
A FFRAN'CHISE. v. To make free. 

pr. par. tiffranchising ; past, of- 

AFFllAY'. «. The fighting of two 

or more persons, in some public 

y.iace, and causing terror to 

AFFRICTION. *. Act of rubbing 

one thingupon another. 
AFFRIGHT, v. To affect with fear; 

to terrify, pr. par. t^righting ; 

past, affrighted: s. affright, qf- 

AFFRONT. V. To msult, to offend. 

pr. par. affroniine ; past, affront- 
ed: s. affroni^ affronUr, 
AFFU'SE; «. To pour one thing 

upon another, pr. par. affusm^; 

past, affyLud: s. c^ptsion. 
AFLOAT, octo. ando^;. Floating. 
AFORE'SAID. adj. >Iehtioned be- 
AFRAID', adj. Struck with fear; 

terrified ; fearful. 
AFRESH', adv. Anew ; over again. 
AFRICAN, adj. Belonging or re- 

latmg to Africa. 
AFT. adv. Abafl ; at the stern ; to 

the stern. 
AFTER, prep. Following in place; 

in pursuit of; behind; in imitation 

of adv. q/ier. 
AF^^KRCLAP. 8. An event happeu-i 


mg after an affair is suppomd to 

be at an end. 
AFTERMOST, adj. Hindmost. 
AF'TERFART. ». The latter part. 
AFTERPIECE. *. A farce, or an) 

smaller entertainment, after the 

Al^'T^RWARDS. aAo. In succeed- 
ing time. 

AFTERNOON. *. The time froiB 
the meridian to the evening. 

AGAIN', adio. A second time ; onc« 
more ; on the other hand ; besides. 

AGAINST, prep. In opposition to,* 
contrary ; in provision for. 

A'GATE 9. A precious stone, of thr 
lowest class. 

AGE. e. A period of time ; a hundred 
years ; the latter part of life ; old 
age ; number of years, adj. aged^ 

A'GENT. 9. That which acts; a 
substitute ; a deputy ; a factor. 

A'GENCY. «. The quality of acting ; 
state of being in action ; the of- 
fice of an* agent, pi. {igenciea. 

AG'GERATE. v. lo heap up. pr. 
part. c^geroHi^; past, aggerated. 

AGGLOMERATE, v. To come to- 
gether, in a ball, as thread, pr. 
par. agglomerating; past, ag» 
glomeraiedf s. agglomeration : adj. 

AGGLUTINATE, v. To join, as ii 
by glue or some other mucilage 
pr. par. agglutinating ; past, ag- 
gluUnated: s. agglutination: adj. 

AG'GRANDIZE. v. To make great*, 
to enlarge ; to increase in power, 
pr. par. aggrandizing; past, og^ 
grandized : a. agf^randizementf ag» 

AG'GRAVATE. v. To make heavi- 
er ; to make worse, pr- par. ag 
gravating; past, aggravated: s. 

AG^GREGATE. s. The entire; col- 
lective result, pr. par. aggr^ai* 
ing; past, aggregated: s. aggre» 

AGGRESS*. V. To commit the first 
acl of v\o\ei\eft. vt. wx» o^resv 


mgf past, aggrt8$ed. b. aggrtt- 
sion, aggressor: a^j* a^ressive: 
adr. aggresstvely. 

AGGRIE'VE. V. To ^ve aorrow; 
to Tex. pr. par. aggrietringi 
paat, aggrieved: s. Mg^prMvanoe, 

AGHAST, ado. Struck with ter- 
ror; amazed. 

AGILE, adj. Nimble, ready, active. 
8. agility^ pi. agilities. 

A'GITA'tE. V. To affect with per- 
turbatioB. pr. par. agiUUingj' 
past, agilatsa; a. agiUUion^ agi- 

AGCy. adv. Past; as, loi^ ago, a 
year ago. 

A.GOG'. ado. In a state of warm ima- 
gination, or mental intoxioatioB. 

Relating to prize-fighting. 

AG'ONT. s. The pangs of death ; 
violent pain. pi. agonies : ▼. ago 
nixej pr. par. agonizing ; past, 
agonized: s. agomxer. 

AGRA'RIAN. adj. Relating to land. 

AGREED. V. To be in concord ; to be 
of the same opinion ; to suit with, 
pr. par. agreeing; past, agreed: 
adj. agreeable: adv. agrwMy: 
m. agr^ahlenessy agrtematt 

AGRICULTURE. «. The art ofl 
cultivating land. adj. agrieuUural: 
8. agriculturist. 

AGROUNiy. ado. Touching the 

A'GUE. s. An intermitting fever, 
with cold fits, succeeded by hot. 
adj. aguish. 

AHA ! ini. A word intimating tri- 
umph and contempt. 

AHEAiy. adv. Further onward than 
another; forward. 

AID. V. To help, to support, to suc- 
cour, pr. par. aiding; past, atded; 
a. aid, aidanee, aider: adj. aidiesi. 

AUX-DE-GAMP. s. An officer who 
conveys the orders of a military 

AIL V. To pain, to trouble, pr. 
par. ailing/ past, atied: a. ail' 



AIM. V. To point the view to 
direct the steps tovards. pr. par 
amwig; past, ainud: s. atrit, 

AIR. 4. The element encompassing 
the earth ; a gentle gale ; ,a sp<) 
cies of music ; the mien or man 
ner of the person, adj. airy : v. 
air ; pr. par. airing / past, axrid. 

AIR'DRAWN. adj. Drawn or paint- 
ed in the air ; imaginary. 

AIR'ING. s. Salutary exposure to 
the air ; a short journey, to enjoy 
the free air. 

AIR'-GUN. s. A species of gun 
chaived with condensed air. 

AIR'-PUMP. s. A machine fr»r ex- 
hausting air out of proper veosels. 

AISLE, s. The walk in a church, or 
wing in a choir. 

KikX. ado. Partly open, in rela- 
tion to a door. 

AKIN', adj. Related to; alUed to 
by natu re. 

ALABASTER, s^ A kind of noH 

ALACRITY, s. Nimbleness, cheer- 
fulness, pi. alacrities. 

ALAMODE. adv. According to the 

ALARM'. V. To call to arms; to 
surprise with the apprehension of 
danger ; to disturb, pr. par. 
alarming; past, alarmed, s. 
alarm^ cUanmst 

ALA'RUM. s. See Alarm. 

ALAS' ! int. A word expressing 
lamentation, pity, or concern. 

AL'BUM. s. A book with unwht 
ten leaves. 

AL'BUMEN. s. That Mhich forms 
the serum of the blood ; the white 
of an egg. adj. albuminous. 

AL'CHYMY. s. Anciently, signified 
the most abstruse part of chym- 
istry, as the attempt to transmute 
common metals into gold ; but it 
is no longer ranked amongst the 
sciences, s. alchymist. 

ALCOHOL. 5. A highly rectified 
spirit of wiT\e. v olcohoUx*. ; ^\ 
par. olcohoUztng , ^^\.^uX«>hA\V». 


AL'CORAN. *. The Koran, the 
book of the Mahometan precepts. 

AL'COVE. s. A recess. 

AL'DER. s. A species of tree. 

AL'D£RMAN. s. An elder-man ; a 
magistrate of an incorporated 
town. adj. aldermanie, 

ALE. 8. Strong beer. 

A LEM'BIC. 5. A vessel used in dis- 

ALERT, adj. Brisk, watchful, s. 
alertness : adv. aUrUy. 

ALEXAN'DRINE. s. A line of 
verse, containing in English poet 
ry 12 syllables. 

ALOFBRA. s. A kind of arithme- 
tic, adj. algebraic: adv. algebrai 
colly: s. algebraist, 

AL'IBL Elsewhere ; in law, a plea 
which alleges the defendant to 
have been distant from any cer- 
tain place, when the crime was 

ALLIEN, s. A foreigner; a person 
not naturalized m the country 
into which he has emigrated. 

A'LIENATE. v. To transfer to 
another; to withdraw the affec- 
tions, pr. par. ahenaiing; past, 
aUenated : adj. aUencMe : s. ajteno- 
iton, aUenaior. 

Having wings. 

ALIMENT. *. Fopd, nourishment, 
adj. alimental, alimentary. 

ALIMONY. 8. Legal allowance, by 
the husband to his wife, after 
separation, pi. alimonies. 

AL'IQUOT. adj. Even; without a 
remsunder, as 2 is an aliquot part 
of 6. 

ALI'VE. a4f. In the state of life; 

AL^LALL s. a species of vegeta- 
ble ; a kind of chymical salt. adj. 

ALIi. adj. The whole number; 
every one ; ever}* part. adv. all : 
s. all. 

ATiLAY*. V. To quiet, to pacify. 
^/ par. aiktymff; past, allayed. 
ALL-FOURS. s, A kind of game at 


cards ; on both hands and feet, at 

the same time. 
ALLEGATION. «. Act of alleging 

declaration ; plea. 
ALLE'GE. V. To affirm, to main 

tain, to declare, pr. par. aUeging, 

past, alleged: s. wegaiiony «i> 

leger : adj. allegable. 
ALLE'GIANCE. s. The duty of i 

subject to his superior : aJq. aU$ 

AL'LEGORY. s, A figurative rela 

tion. pi. allegories: adj. aUegorit 

allegorical : adv. allegorically : r 

all^orize; pr. par. allegorvang, 

fast, aUmrixed : s. allegorist. 
LCGRO. A term in music, de 
noting a sprightly motion. 

ALLELU'JAH. s. A word of spiritu- 
al exultation, signifying ^^givc 
£>raise to God.** 
'LEMAND. A term in dancing, 

ALLE'YIATE. v. To lighten, to 
ease. pr. par. alleviating; ps>t, 
alleviaied: s. aUemoHon, aluvia- 
tor i adj. aUevuUtve. 

ALl^Y. s, A narrow walk oi 

ALLFANCE. s. State of being al 

ALLIGATION, s. Act of binding 
together; the arithmetical mle 
which teaches to adjust the prie« 
of compounds formed of several 
ingredients of different value. 

AL'LIGATOR. s. The crocodile; 
used chiefly for the crocodile oi 

ALLITERATION, s. Beginning 
several successive words with 
llie same letter. 

ALLOCATION, s. Act of putting 
one thing to another. 

ALIXTDIAL. adj. Not feudal; in. 

ALLOT*. V. To distribute by lot 
to grant ; to distribute, pr. par 
allotting; past, allotted: s. aOoi 

ALLOW . V. To admit, to grant, to 
yield, pr. par. allowing : past, «/- 
looped : a. allowance : ^v oI^Q'umi.Hu 


ALTjOT. 9. Baser metal mixed with 
that which is of greater value ; 
abatemeet. ▼. tUl<^ ; pr. par. al- 
loyme ; past, alloyed. 

AIX-SAIOTS-DAV. ». The day on 
which there is a general celebra- 
tion of the saints; the first of 

AfX'SPICE. s. A kind of spice. 

ALL'SUFPICI£NT. adj. Sufficient 
for every thing. 

ALLUDE. V. To speak of indirect- 
ly ; to hint at. [ht. par. aUvdmg ; 
past, aUuded. 

ALLUHE. V. To entice, pr. p»r. 
alluring; past, allured: s. al- 
hirer, alluremerU: adj. alluring: 
adr. atturingly. 

ALLU'SION. s. Act of alluding; 
indirect reference, adj. allusive: 
adv. alluaivdy. 

ALLO'VIAL. adj. Relating to al- 
luvion ; consisting of alluvion. 

ALLU'VION. *. That which is car- 
ried by a flood, as land formed 
ne ar a river. 

ALLWI'SE. adj. Having infinite 

ALLY*. V. To unite by kindred, 
friendship, or confederacy; to 
confederate, pr. par. oUymgf 
past, allied : a. atfyj pi. allies. 

A L/MANAC. s. A calendar of the 

MIGITTY. adi. Omnipotent, all- 
fowerful. 8. Jilmghiy. 
M'OND. s. The nut of the al- 
AL'MONER. s. One emplojred, by 
aaother, in the distribution of 
alms. - 
Al-MOST. adv. Nearly. 
ALMS. 8. Something given gratui- 
tously, in relief of the poor. 
ALMS'HOUSE. 9. A house appro 

printed to the use of the poor. 
ALOE. s. A kind of plant. 
ALOFT, adv. On high, above. 
AiaNE. adj. Without another 

ALONG', adv. At \fiiigth; length 


ALOOP. ado. At a distance. 
ALOUiy. ado. Loudly. 
ALPHABET, s. The letters of a 

language, adj. alphabetical' adv. 

ALPINE, adj. Relating or belonging 

to the Alps. 
ALREA'DY. ado. At the present 

time ; before the present. 
ALSO. ado. In the same manner 

ALTAR, s. A place raised for wor 

ALTER, v. To change; to mak 

otherwise than it is. pr. par. a/- 

iering ; past, altered : s. alteration • 

adj. alterative^ aliercUjle. 
ALTERCATION. *. Dispute, de- 

bate, controversy, v. aUercatef pr 

£ar. altercating ; past, altercated. 
TER'NATIVE. s. Choice of two 
things. 8. alternatively. 

ALTERNATE v. To perform al- 
temately ; to change one thing for 
another, reciprocally, pr. par. al* 
temating ,• past, alternated : s. al' 
temation, alternative: adj. alter' 
note : adv. aUemately. 

ALTHE'A. s. A kind of shrub. 

ALTHOUGH, conj. Notwithstand 
ing ; however. 

ALTITUDE, s. Height. 

ALTOGETHER, adj. Conjunctly, 

ALTM. s. A kind of mineral salt, 
adj. ahaninous. 

ALUM'NI. s. Pupils; youths who 
have been educated at any parti- 
cular college. 

AL'WAYS. adv. Perpetually. 

AM. V. The indicative mood, first 
person singular, of the verb to be. 

AMAIN*, oar. With vehemence; 
with vigour. 

AMAL'GAM. s. A composition of 

AMALGAMATE, v. To form into 
amalgam ; to unite intimately, pr. 
par. amalgamating ; past, amaU 
gamated: s. amalgamation: adj. 

„w..^. . — .„g,— , .^..^.„ . amalgamaiivt. 

Mse, throughout; onward. ijAMANUE^'SlS. s. K v^t^^ ^\*^ 

AMA— AM«: 

writes what another iictatea, or 
copies what another has written, 
p]. amanuetises. 

AM'ARANTH. s. A kind of plant. 

AMASS'. V. To accumulate, pr. 
par. amassing; past, amassed: s. 

AMATEU'R *. A lover of any par- 
ticular pursuit, or system. 

AM'ATORY. adj. Relating to love ; 
containing sentiments of love. 

AMA'ZE. o. To confuse with ter- 
ror ; to put into confusion, with 
wonder, pr. par. amazing ; past, 
amazed : s. amazement .• adj. amaz- 
ing: adv. amazingly. 

AM'AZON. s. One of an ancient 
race of women, famous for val- 
our ; a virago, adj. amazonian, 

AMBAS'SADOR. s. A person sent, 
in a public manner, from one gov- 
emment to another, fem. anwas- 
sadress: adj. ambassadoriaL 

AM'BER. s. A species of resinous 

AMBIDEXTROUS, adj. Expert 
with both hands. 

AMBIENT, adj. Surrounding, en- 

AMBIG'UOUS. adj. Having a dou- 
ble meaning, s. ambiguity^ pi. am- 
biguities : adv. ambiguoudy. 

AMBITION, s. Desire of eminence, 
ad], ambitious: adv. ambUwudy. 

AM'BLE. V. To move easily; to 
walk alfectedly. pr. par. ambling ,' 
past, ambled: s. amble^ ambler: 
adv. amblingly. 

AMBRO'SIA. 8. The imaginary food 
of the gods. adj. ambrosioL 

AMBULATE, v. To walk about. 

{)r. par. ambulating; past, ambu- 
ated: 8. amInUaiion, ambulator: 
ndj. ambulatory^ ambulative. 
AMBUSCADE, s. A hostile con- 
cealment ; ambush, v. ambuscade ; 
pr. par. ambuscading; past, am- 
AM'BUSH. s The post where sol- 
diers are plnced, in order to fall 
un^xpffcted)y upon nn enemy. 
A3IEPUORA TE. v. To make bet- 


ter ; to miprove. pr. par. asiuim 

rating ; past, ameliorated • s. oms 

lioraiion : adj. amedoraime, 
AMEN'. A Hebrew word, used in 

devotions, meaning, at the end «f 

a prayer, so be it — at the end »f a 

creed, so it is. 
AME'NABLE. adj. Responsible, 

tractable, adj. amenably. 
AMEND*. V. To reform, to corr«*et. 

pr. par. amending; past, omeioU? 

s. amendment, amender, 
AMENDS'. «. Recompense, ccmi- 

At^N'ITY. s. Pleasantness, agreea* 

bleness of situation or of manoers. 

pi. amenities. 
AMERCE'. V. To punish with a pe 

cuniary fine. pr. par. amerci^ 

past, amerced: s. omerconsiil, 

AMERICAN, adj. Relating or be 

longing to America, s. ^meriean 
AMERICANISM, s. A word or 

phrase peculiar to the people of 

America. * 

AM'ETHYST. s. A precious stone, 

of a violet colour bordering on 

A'MIABLE. adj. Lovely, virtuoos, 

pleasing, s. amtability, pi. amia 

oilities: adv. amiably. 
AM'ICABLE. adj. Friendly, kind. 

adv. amicably: s. amicalnlity, pi. 

amicabHities, amicableness. 
AMID", AMIDSr. prep. In the 

midst ; mingled with. 
AMISS', adv. Faulty, criminal. 
AM'ITY. s. Friendship, peace, pi. 

AMMaNIA. s. Volatile alkali, adj 

ammoniac^ ammoniacal. 
AMMUNITION, s. Military stores 
AM'NESTY. 8. Act of oblivion, pi 

AMONG', AMONGST, pr^. Min 

gled with. 
AMORO'SO. A term in music, sig^ 

nifving in a eof\ or loving mannei 
AM'OROUS. adj. Loving; naturally 

inclined to love. adv. amorously 

u. omorotisnMS. amorist^ amtrnv. 


IWaTlOX I. Acl of remo«]nB, 
tMl>HIB'IOU.'f. adj. CojuhlB t 

UrtrHITHETATRE. *. A circular 
ot ovni buildiuE. or which ihe 
■rea or pit ii reiurved for eihibi- , 

one aboie onoLher. tili.amphilhi-] 
airic, ampAilhiairUal.- adi. am-; 
phiUwnlricaUy- I 

UTf LE. adj. large. H Ae, atiffici- 

WPLIFV. V. To enlarge, lo «w- 
aeiale, to improve by new adili- 

ftmit. pr. 



mprove by new a 
nr. amplifying 1 p 
9. ampt\ficatiini, am 

. ■UTATE.fl.Tociiloffialemi 
■giplied peculiarlj' to limln. pr. 
par. ampuliUing,- ptaXfOm/nilaltd! 


|| giin pr. par. onniogiiinj-, pan. 
I anaiogixrd; B- analogism. 
'AKAL'VSIS. I. Separation of ele 
I mentaiy porta, pL annlyaea, 
JJf aualysis; by minulcaeparatiuu 
and cxaminalioa of parts, adv. 
AN'ALVZE. ». To resolve a cm 
pound JDio iu firatnlGineiitK. pr 
par analyiing ; psat, annti/itd. 

N'ARCHlT.'*. Wont of gutem 
1 mePt; uationalconfuilaD. pl.dn 
angles,- i, anaretiri ■- adj. ansr 
ANA'TUEMA. I. A curae pronounc- 
ed by ecclesiaiticiil authority, v- 
anatiuinittiit ; pr. par. anatliemii' 
ihiw; paat, ono" 
malltmatiin-, adj. 

ANATOMY, a. Tht 

*N. One of the indefinitB articlM. 
ANABAPTIST. * Oar, »ha o 

poaei the haplisra of inronla. 

~~ hapfirm: ad}. anabapfiMtie,a, 


AN-AGRaM. J. A conceit,* 
frointheininipoiitiDn or Ic 
»dj. nnmirrommalUal ! adv. 
grammatieaily ; t. nfugra 

ANALia^Tic, Tnalectical. 

aitj tdf aia/ogicaUg: r. aiti2a- 

A.WCESTOS. s, Oue frDniwhom a 
ponon iaTrmoteWdEicendEit k 
oneerfry, pi. anratriit: ailj. an- 

ANCdOB. a. An instrumpnt r'oi 
holding a ship in a certain plare. 

pail, anchored: a. anchtimp. 

ANCHaVT. a. A lillle ma-ii-h. 

itBwtfnrMltce. pi. nmftoiTiM. 
AN'CIENT. Brfj. Past, former, ol 

(Treat age. aJv- ancimtW. 
ANCiL'LARY. adj. Siibwrvloiil. 
'AND. A copulaliveeonjunclioQ. 
ANDANTE. tlinuEic;-~eiprei>iv(^ 

AlfECDOTE. (.Secret hiaiorv; bio 
grnphicalincidMi i a minntn pai 
tide of private lire. adj. antcai" 

AfiEMOG'RAPHY. J. Deai-i-iai. 

oflliecautf, ot I^m; W\ni». 
(ANEMOM'STTEB. i. im uinmmrA 



lo show the ilitaotioinjl' 

AN'EUKISM. a. An irreg 

■ or Ttlo 
if gardei 

AMG'£:R. I. Severn diapleaaiirD 
wrath. V- angtr{ pr, par. ongvr 
■ing; putt, angcrid,- adj. ongry 
adv. angrily. 

ANG'LE. ). A teriD in gpomeliy 
aij. tnnpilfr .■ aAt. angZlarti/ .- s 
angalarity, pi. imgiilanila. 

ASffLE. V. To fiah wjih a «d and 
hook, pr, par. angling; pait, on- 

S(«(,- t. angle, angler. 
L."Lir.ISM. jr. An EngUah idiom. 
V. anglicise ; pr. par. anghoBng ; 
past, nng-fioMii. 
ANC'CISH. ». EiooHivepair, cithpi 
of mind ok hndy. adj. nnniuAerf. 
ANHELATION. t. Act of panlinir: 

AIViMADVERT. u. To conaider, 

wumiKfirWinr ; put, anirruulnrf- 

AllMADVeH'SION. 'jr. Act of nni- 
midTorting; loproof. adj.nnunad. 

ANIMA r.'CULE. * A OTiall uiimaL 
AN'IMATE. U, Togirelir 
liten, to cncouniiie, li 
■pr. par. aniniaiiAg; pan, 

proper Ipm per. pi 

A^KEXW-'roioin to, >l the ead; 
to unite. p[. qiar. aUTuxing; pM, 

ANM'HILATE. w. To d(utFD7, lu 
annul, pr. par. amuABniin^ ,- paai, 
onniAt/iifAI.- I. BRniAilafiOH I nS 
annihaabtt. ^■ 

ANNIVERSARY, a A day ««!«. 
■brated in il nnnually Telums. pl> 

jIAVVIO DOM'lM'. In thenuaf 

I^rd. A. a 
^AZM} MUJVDl. In th«]mr«f 

proclaiit), la 

piibluh. pr. no 

ANNOV. r. To mo1c•^ to teua 
pt.par. BH?uijTn|- past, onnajitd. 

AWNUAL. arf;! YcarN. iaating onl; 

_ — -It. amimalh 
ANfiUijr. I. Yearly rent, jearl; 

ANNUL'! r'ToiTake void. pr. par. 
plat, anautltd: t. Uf 

AJilMOS'lTY, 1. Vehement haired ; 

Zi^^"-^ ■ 

AN'NULAR. adj. In Ihs form of i 

Tine. adj. annularis. 
ANMJNCIATION. .. Act of aiv 

ATTISF. .. A apecict of aromatie 

.ANK'LF- I. The joint which eon. 
Mint, the foot Mtitb the leg. 

AN-ODTNE. * Amitigaloiofpain. 
A\Olf(T, I. To rnb with oinl. 


|»r. p&r. anoirUir^; past, anoini- 
tdL: 8. tutoinUtfm 

A.NOM'ALY. s. Irregalarity ; devm- 
tioa from the common rule. pi. 
anamaliet: adj. anomalous. 

ANON', ado. Qaickly, loon, some- 

ANONYMOUS, adj. Without 
name. mdv. anonymously. 

ANOTH'ER o^*. Not the same: 
one more widely different. 

AN'SWER. r. To speak in return 
to a question ; to speak in oppo- 
sition ; to be accountable for ; to 
correspond with. pr. par. answer- 
ing; past, answered: s. anstoer: 
adi. answert^le: adr. onnoeroAZy. 

ANT. s. An emmet. 

ANTAG'ONIST. *. One who con- 
tends; an opponent, s. aniago- 

ANTARCTIC, adj, A term in as- 
tronomy, relating to the southern 

ANTECE7DE. v. To precede; to 
go before, pr. par. anteceding; 
past, anUeeded: s. antecedence: 
adi. antecedent: adv. antecedently. 

ANTBCES^SOR. s. One that goes 

ANTECIIAM'BER. s. A chamber 
that leads to the chief apartment. 

ANTEDATE. t>. To date earlier 
than the true time. pr. par. ante- 
dating ; past, antedated. 

ANTEDILU'VIAN. adj. Existmg 
before the flood. 

AiN'TELOPE. s. A species of quad 

ANTEMERIDIAN, adj. Before 
noon. A. M. 

ANTEMUN'DANE. adj. Before the 
creation of the world. 

TIMATE. s. The last syllable in 
a word, or line of verse, except 

ANTiTRIOR adj. Going before; 
previous, s. anteriority^ pi. ante- 
riorities : adv. anteriorly. 

ANTHEM, s. A hymn, sung in al- 
teraate parts ^ 


ANTHRACITE, adj. Composed 
chiefly of carbon; not bitumm- 

ANTHROPOPH'AGI. s. Eaters of 
human flesh ; cannibals. 

ANTICHRISTIAN. adj. Opposed 
to christtaniU'. s. aTitichristianiiy, 

ANTICIPATE. V. To act or thmk 
before an event, pr. par. anifict- 
patingf post, anticipated: s. an- 
ticipaiion^ anticipator : adj. on/tct 

ANTIC.' adj. Strange, ridiculous 
s. antic: adv. antidy. 

ANTICLI'MAX. s. A sentence, o. 
which the last part expresses 
something lower than the first, 
pi. anticlimaxes. 

ANTICOSMETIC. adj. Destructive 
of beauty. 

ANTIDOTE. *. A remedy for poi- 
son, adj. antidotoL 

ANTIEPTT. adj. See 

ANTIFEBRILE, adj. EfficaciouB 

ANTIMONARCH'AL. adj. Against 

government by a single person 

s. antimonarchist. 
ANTIMONY. 8. A mineral sub 

stance, of a metalline nature, pi. 

antimonies: ady arUmomoL 

who was opposed to the establirh- 

ment of the Federal Constitution 

of the United States. 
ANTIPATAL. adj. Opposing ?o 

ANTIPATHY. 5. Natural dish ke , 
aversion, pi. antipathies. 

iVNTIPH'ONY. s. An echo, or re- 
sponse, pi. aniiphonies. 

cious against the plague. 

ANTIPH'RASIS. s. An expression 
in which the words, are used in a 
sense opposite to their just r<iean- 
ing. pi. antiphrases: adj. anti" 
phrastic: adv. antiphrastically, 

ANTIPODES, s. People who liv« 
on opposite mu\d\a.i\«^ %Tvd \ti. ^^. 
posite latilud«%. «.^^. onltpodaV 


ANTri»OL'OMlST. ». One opposed 

to war. adj. antipolomisiic. 
ANTIQUAillAN. adj. Relating to 

antiquity, s. anii^fttariant antiqua' 

rvy pi. aniimiants, 
ANTIQUATt V, To make obso- 

iete. pr. oar. aniiquaiingi past, 

ANTIQUE, adj. Ancient, old. adv. 

antiquely: a. antiquity^ pi. anii- 

ANTISCORB17TIC. adj. Efficaci- 
ous against scurvy. 
ANTISEPTIC, adj. Preventive ofl 

ANTlSPASMOmCo^;. Efficacious 

against cramp. 
ANTITH'ESIS. s. Contrast in 

words, pi. antitheses, 
CAL, adj. Placed in contrast. 

adv. aniitheiicaUy. 
ANTXER. s. Branch of a stag's 

horn. adj. antlered, 
ANTCE'Cl. s. People who live in 

opposite latitudes, on the same 

AN'VIL. s. The iron block on which 

a smith lays his metal, to be forged. 
ANXI'ETY. s. Trouble cf mind, 

about a future event, pi. anxieties: 

zd\, anxious : adv. anxiottshf, 
AN*!, adj. Whoever, whatever; 

one of many. 
APA'CE. adv. Quickly, speedily. 
APART, adv. Separately ; at a dis- 
APARTMENT, s. A separate room; 

a chamber. 
APATHY. 8. Want of feeling, or 

of passion, pi. apathies. 
APE. 8. A kind of monkey. ▼. ape ; 

pr. par. aping; past, aped: s. 

aper: adj. apish: vAj, opiahly : s. 

APEPSIA, APEPSY. s. Want of 

natural roncoction. 
APERIENT, adj. Gently purgative. 

adv. aperiently. 
APERTURE, s. An open place. 
APEX. s. The tip or point. Lat. pi. 
tfjnces; English^ apexes. 


APHJE'RISIS. s. A figure n mm 
mar, by which a letter or vfllabU 
is tdcen from the beginning of a 
word. pi. aphmrises. 

APHEXION. f. That part in the 
orbit of a planet, woich is the 
most remote from the son. 

APH'ORISM. s. A maxim; a pff» 
cept contracted into a ■hen sen- 
tence, adj. aphoristioal t adv. 

APIARY, f. A place for bee& pi. 

APIECE', ado. To thopartorahan 
of each. 

APOCALYPSE, s. RevelaUon ; tha 
last book of the new testament, 
adj. apocaiypiiMU. 

APOCRYPHA, s. Books added to 
the sacred writings, of donbtlVd 
authoritv. adj. apocryphal t air 

APOGEE, s. A point in the heaf^ 
ens, in which the sun, or a planet, 
is at the greatest distance fran 
the earth. 

APOLOGL'E. s. A kmd of f^Ue. 

APOL'OG Y. s. Excuse, defence. pL 
apologies: v. apohgize^ pr. par. 
apologvnng ; p«8t, apoie^iMd x 
adj. apologetic^ apologetical : adv. 

A remarkable saying ; a valuaUe 

APOPLEXY, s. A general deprira 
tion of animal sensation, pi. ap 
poplexies : adj. apoplectic^ apopitt 
tical : adv. apopUeticaUy. 

APOSTATE, s. One who has H^ 
serted his former profession, 
either in politics or religion. ▼ 
apostaiixe; pr. par. aposiUiUxing ^ 
past, apostattxed: adj. apostaiicai 
s. mposlacy^ pi. apostades. 

APOSTLE, s. A person sent with 
mandates ; a title particularly ap 
plied to those whom Christ de 
puted to preach the gospel, adj 
apostolic^ apostolical: aav. apo9' 



- meech, to another person or 
Jiing; iu grammar, the eontrac- 
tioB of a word, by the use of a 
comma. ▼. apostrophize ; pr. par. 
igtosirophixing f past, aposiro- 
phixed: adj. apostropMe* 

APOSTUML «. An abscess. 

APOTH'ECARV. s, A compounder 
an'd vender of medieiues. pi. 

A remarkable saying ; a valuable 

APOTHFOSIS. s. Heathenish dei- 
fication, pi. apotheoses, 

APPAL'. V. To affright, to dismay, 
pr. par. appaUing ; past, appalUd. 

APPANAGE, f. An appurtenance 
of land. 

APPARA'TUS. 8. Utensils; philo- 
sophical instruments. Latin, pi. 

APPAR'EL. 8. Dress, habUiments. 
▼. apparel f pr. par. apparding; 
past, appareled, 

APPARENT, adj. Easily seen; cer- 
tain ; different from what a thing 
appears to be ; seeming ; not real. 
adv. apparently. 

APPARI'TION. *. Appearance; a 

APPEAL'. V. To remove a cause 
from a lower to a higher tribunal ; 
to refer, pr. par. appeaUng ; past, 
appealed: s. appeaJL 

APPEAR. V. To come in view ; to 
be apparent, pr. par. appearing ; 
past, apMored: s. appearance. 

APPE'ASE. V, To quiet, to pacify, 
to reconcile, pr. par. appeasing t 
past, appeased: adj. appeastUfU: 
s. appeasement^ appeaser, 

APP> L'LANT. *. One who appeals. 

APPLL'LATE. adj. Created on ap- 
peal; having the power to hear 
and determine an appeal. 

APPELLA'TION. «. A name. 

APPEL'LATIVE. adj. Common, 
nsual. adv. appellaivedy. 

APPENEK. V. To hang, or attach, 
pr. par. appending ; past, appeTid- 
edt g. fffpendage : adj. (t/tpendant.\ 


APFEN'DIX. s. Something appcnri 
ed : a supplement, pi. apptndixe.\ 

APPERTAIN'. V. To belong to. pr 
par. appertaining; past, appertan^ 
ed: s. apperiainment : adj. apptr 

Stronff desire, pi. appetences^ ap 

APPETITE, s. Desire; keenness 
of stomach. 

APPLAiny. V. To praise, by clap- 
ping the hands ; to praise aloud 
pr. par. applauding ; past, ttp- 
plauded: s. applauder^ applause: 
adi. applausive. 

APPLE, s. A species of fruit. 

APPLICABLE, 047. Suitable; at 
tributable. s. applicability y pi. oj> 
plicabilities : adv. applical*ly. 

APPLICA'TION. s. Act of apply 
ing ; attention to some particular 
affair ; thing applied, adj applita 
tivej applicator^. 

APPLY'. V. To join ; to lay upon ; 
to use as means ; to fix the mind 
upon ; to have recourse, pr. par 
applying ; past, applied : s. applied 
appliance^ applicant. 

APPOINT. V. To fix ; to mark out ; 
to elect, pr. par. appointing 
past, appointed : s. appointer^ ap 

APPOR'TlOiN. V. To assign in just 
proportion, pr. par. apportioning 
past, apportioned: s. apportiontr 

APPOSITE, adj. Proper, appropH 
ate. adv. appositely: s. apposite 

APPOSI'TION. 8. Addition of new 
matter ; agreement of nouns with 
each other. 

APPRAISE. V. To fix a price <n 
pr. par. appraisiTig ; past, ap 
praised: s. appraiser ^ appraisement. 

APPRECIATE. «. To value at a 
just rate or price, pr. par. apjtrf 
dating; past, appreciated: 3. ap- 
preciation : adj. appreciable. 

APPREHEND', v. To *cyi^, \<i ^Tir 
der&tand: to lVv\iv\& otv \v\\V *««. 


pr. par. apprehending; past, ap- 
prehended: 8. apprehender^ appre- 
hension: adj. apprehensive: adv. 

APPRENTICE, s. One who is 
bound, by covenant, to remain 
with another, for a certain period, 
in order that he may acquire a 
knowledge of an art or a trade. 
V. apprentice; pr. par. apprentic- 
ing; past, appreniiced: s. appren^ 

APPRl'ZE. V. To Inform, pr. par. 
apprizing ; past, apprized, 

A PPROACH'. V. To come towards ; 
to come near. pr. par. approach- 
ing; past, approached: s. ap- 
proach^ approacher: adj. ap- 

APPROBATION, a. Act of appror- 
ing ; approval, adj. approbatory. 

APPROPRIATE. V. To assign to 
some particular vae. pr. par. ap- 
propriating; past, appropriaied: 
adj. appropriate^ appropriative : s. 
appropriateness^ appropriation^ ap- 

APPROVE. V. To like; to be 
pleased with; to prove, pr. par. 
approving; past, approved: adj. 
approvable : s. approvalj approver, 

APPROXIMATE, v. To bring 
near ; to approach, pr. par ap- 
proximating ; past, approximated : 
8. approximation. 

APRICOT. 5. A kind of fruit. 

ATRFL. s. The fourth month. 

AA'RON. a. A cloth hung before, 
to keep the other dress clean, 
adj. aproned. 

APROPaS. To the purpose ; well- 
timed (pronounced apropo'.) 

APT. adj. Fit, inclined, ready, adv. 
aptly : s. aptness^ aptitude. 

APTOTE. s. An indeclinable noun. 

A'QUA. s. In Latin, signifies water. 

AQUA-KOR'TIS. s. Nitric acid. 

AQUA-KEGFA. s. Nitro-muriatic 


AQUAHIUS. «. AsignoftbeyodI 

ac ; the waterman. 
AQUATIC, adj. Relating to toy 

thing that inliabits water. 
AQUA-TINTA. «. A Bpecies of en- 
graving, imitating drawings made 

with Indian ink, or bistre. 
AQUA-VIT£. 8. Brandy, or ipM 

of wine. 
A'QUEOUS. adj. Watery. 
AQUEDUCT, a. An artificial con 

veyance for water. 
A'QUILINE. adj. Resembling aa 

eagle ; (when applied to the nos^ 

hooked, or Roman. 
ARA'BIAN. adj. Relating ot }» 

longing^ to Arabia. 
AHABLE. adj. Fit for cultiT8tio& 

8. arabiliiy^ pi. arabiliitea. 
AR'BITER. a, A juds;e; ona.wlw 

has the power of decisioii. fem 

arbiiresSy pi. arbitreaaea, 
AR'BITRARY. adi. Despotic; ia 

dependent of rules, adv. ar^iira 

ARBITRATE, v. To decide, to do 

termine ; to submit to arbitrator! 

pr. par. arbitrating; past, orfti 

traied : s. arbitration^ arbitrator 
ARBORES'CENT. adj. Growing ia 

the form of a tree. 
AR'BORIST. a. One who makes 

trees his study. 
AR'BOUR a. A bower. 
ARC. a, A segment of a circle ; ai 

ARCADE, a, A continued arch; a 

walk covered with an arched 

ARCA'J^UM. a. A secret, pi. ar^ 
' cana. 
ARCH, a. Part of a circle, not more 

than a half. v. arch; pr. par 

arching; past, arched* 
ARCH. adj. Pronounced ark ; when 

prefixed to a word beginning with 

a vowel. Chief. 
ARCH. adi. Waggish, mirthful 

adv. archly: a, archneaa. 
ARCHAN'GEL. a. One of the high 

est order of angels, (pronounced 


ARCHBISFOP. s. A chief bishop, 
a. archbishopric 

ARTHDEA'CON. & One who sup- 
phes the bishop*8 place and of- 
fice. 8. archdeaconry^ pi. archdea- 

ARCUDUCH'ESS. s. A tiUe given 
to certain princessea. pi. arch- 

ARCH DUKE. s. A title given to 
certain princes. 

ARCH'ER. s. One who uses a bow. 
8. archery. 

ARCH'ETYPE. *. The original. 
proikoanced ark -e-type: adi. arc^ 

ARCHEOL'CXSY. s. A discourse on 
antiquity, pronounced ark-C'Cto- 
gy. pi. archiologies. 

COPAL. adj. Belonging to an 
archbishop, pronounced ark-i- 
epi^copalj or ark-epis'copoL 

ARCHITECT, s. A professor of the 
art of building, pronounced arkf- 
e-tect. s. architecture: adj. archi- 
tectural^ architective. 

ARCH'ITRAVE. s. The moulding 
next above the capital of a column, 
pronounced arhf-e-trave. 

ARCH'IVES. s. A place for public 
records; or, the records them- 
selves, pronounced arV-eeves. 

ARCH'OiN. s. One of the nine chief 
magistrates of Athens, pronounc 
ed ark -on. 

ARCTIC, adj. Relating to the arc- 
tic circle, or to the north, pro- 
nounced ark-tic. 

ARCUA'TIOxN. s. Act of bending ; 

AR'DENT. adj. Hot, eager, s. ar- 
dencVj pi. ardencies: adv. ardently. 

AR'DOUR- s. Heat ; heat of affec- 
tion ; desire; courage. 

AR'DUOUS. adj. Hard to climb; 
difficult, adv. ardtumsly: s. ar- 

ARE. V. An inflexion of the verb to 

AHEA. s. The surface contained 
hetween anv JJaea. 


ARENA. 5. That part of a theatrt 

which is \e{i vacant for the con* 

tests or sports. 
AR'GENT. *. The wliite coloiu 

used in coats of arms, bright, 

like silver 
ARGILLA'CEOUS. adj. Partaking 

of clay. 
AR'GUE. V. To reason, to dispute. 

pr. par. arguing; past, argued: 

8. arguer^ argument, argumenia" 

tion: adj. argumentative: adv 

argumeniaiively : adj. argument- 
AHID. adj. Dry, parched. 8. arid- 

ityy pi. aridities. 
A'KlEa. s. A sign of the zodiac ; 

the ram. 
AKIET'TA. s. A short air, song, or 

ARIGHT, ado. Rightly. 
ARK/SO. The movement of « 

common air. 
ARI'SE. V. To mount upwards ; to 

get up ; to proceed from. pr. par. 

arising /past, arisen. 
ARISTOCRACY, s. A governnicnt 

by nobles; the highest clhss in 

society, pi. aristocracies. 
ARISTOCRAT. «. One who favours 

aristocracy, adj. artsiocralic^ aris» 

tocratical : adv. aristocratically. 
ARITHMETIC, s. The science of 

numbers; the art of computation. 

s. arithmetician: adj. arithmeiicaL' 

adv. arithmetically. 
ARITHMOMETER, s. An instru- 

ment for solving questions in 

ARK. s. A large chest ; a vessel to 

swim on the water, as the ark o. 

ARM. s. Th»? limb which reaches 

from the hand to the shoulder ; a 


ARM. V. To take arms ; to furnish 
with arms. pr. par. arming : past, 

ARMA'DA s. A fleet of war 

ARM'AMENT. s. A force e<\ui^v«* 
for war *, unpVe.meivV.'a o? "ww. 


ARM'FUL. s. As much as the arms 
ciin hold. 

ARMJL'LARY. adj. Resembling a 
bracelet, adj. armiUaUd. 

ARMISTICE, a. A suspension of 
arms; a short truce. 

ARM'LET. 5. A little arm, as an 
armlet of the sea ; a bracelet for 
the arm. 

ARMOURIAL, adj. Belonging to the 
arms of a family; belonging to 

ARM'OUR. s. Defensive arms. s. 
armouri/^ pi. armouries i ar- 

ARM'PIT. s. The hollow place un- 
• der the shoulder. 

ARMS. s. Weapons of offence 

ARM'Y. s. A numerous body of sol- 
diers, pi. armies. 

AROMATIC, adj. Spicy, fragrant. 

ARaSE. V. Did arise. 

AROUND', adv. In a circle; on 
every side. prep, around. 

AROU'SE. V. To wake from sleep ; 

to excite, pr. par. arottfuip ; past, 

AR'QUEBUSS. s. A hand-gun. pi. 

A R'KACK. 5. Commonly called rack. 

A species of distilled liquor. 

A RRAIGN'. V. A prisoner is said to 
be arraigned, when he is brought 
forth, and put upon his trial, pr. 
par. arraigning { past, arraigned: 
8. arraignment. 

ARRANGtr. V. To place in order; 
to settle, pr. par. arroifiging; 
past, arranged: s. arrangenvmty 

AR'RANT. adj. Bad in a high de- 
gree, adv. arrantly. 

AR'RAS. s Tapestry. 

ARRAY'. V. To put in order: to 
deck ; to dress, pr. par. arraying; 
nnst, arrayed. 

ARRE'AR. s. That which is left un- 
paid, or not done. s. arrearage.^ 
T»(\v. arrear^ behind. 

ARREST. V. To seize ; to stop. pr. 
ajr arresting • /)Mt, arrested. 


ARRETT. «. A decree, prooomieed 

ARRrVE. V. To come to; tc retell 

pr. par. arrivingi past, arrived 

8. arrival 
AR'ROGANCE. s. Undue assump 

tion;; haughtiness, adj. arrogant 

adv. arroganily. 
AR'ROGATE. v. To claim nnjuttly 

pr. par. arrogating; past, arro 

gated: s. arrogaiion, 
AR'ROW. s. A dart; the pointed 

weapon which is shot from a bow. 
AR'SENAL. B. A depositary foi 

things requisite to war. 
AR'SENIC. s. A mineral substance^ 

which is a violent corrosive poi- 
ARISON. s. The crime of felonionsly 

burning houses, and other things 

defined by law. 
ART. s. The power of doing some 

thing not taught by nature; skill; 

dexterity, s. artist. 
AR'TERY. s. A conical canal, which 

conveys the blood from the heart 

to air parts of the body. pi. «r- 

teries : adj. arterioL 
ARTFUL, adj. Performed with art, 

cunning, adv. artfuUy: s. artftim 

ARTICHOKE, a. A species of e» 

culent plant. 
ARTICLE. B. A part of speech ; s 

particular part; terms; stinula- 

tion. V. arttde; pr. par. articling, 

past, articled. 
ARTICULATE, v. To pronounce 

distinctly, pr. par. articulating, 

past, articulaied: s. articulationt 

&6\. articuJate: adv. articulaiely. 
AR'rJFICE. *. Trick, stratagem, 

fraud, art. 
ARTFFI'CIAL. adj. Made by art 

Petitions, adv. artijidally. 
ARTIFICER, s. An artist, a manu- 
facturer, a contriver. 
ARTIL'LERY. s. Missive weaponr, 

cannon, pi. artilleries. 
ARTISAN', s. A practiser of an art. 
ARTLESS, adj. Unskilful, withoul 

. fraud, adv. artlesshi : «. arll^ssntM 


ASBES^*>S. 8, A kind of stone. 

ASCEND. V. To go upwards, pr. 
pv. ascending; past, ascended: 
Ailj. ascendant : 8. ascendency^ pi. 

ASCEN'SION. s. Act of ascending, 
adj . ascensive. 

ASdENT. 5. Rise ; an eminence or 
high place. 

ASCkRTAlN'. V. To know surely; 
to make certain ; to fix ; to estab> 
lish. pr. par. ascertaining { past, 
ascertained: adj. ascertainable, 

ASCETIC, s. A disagreeable pro- 
fessor of religion. 

ASCRl'BE. V. To attribute, or. par. 
ascribing i past, ascri^ea: acy. 

ASCRIPTION. *. Act of ascribing. 

ASHAM'ED. adj. Touched wiUi 

ASH'ES. s. Remain! of any thing 

ASHaRE. ad6. On shore; to the 

ASIATIC, adj. Relating or belong- 
ing to Asia. 

ASI DE, adv. To one side ; to an- 
other part ; from the company. 

ASK. V. To petition, to beg, to de- 
mand, to enquire, to question, to 
roauire. pr. par. asking; past, 

Sideways, obliquely. 

ASKEW, adv. Aside; with contempt 
or envy ; obliquely. 

ASLANT, adv. Obliquely. 

ASLEEP . ado. Sleeping ; at rest 

ASP. s, A kind of poisonous ser- 

ASPAR'AGUS. * A kind of escu- 
lent plant 

AS PECT. s. Appearance ; direction 

ASPEN. <idj. Belonging to the asp- 

ASPER'ITY. s. Roughness, severity, 
pi. asperities, 

•ASPERSE. V. To calumniate, pr. . 
par. tuperst'nff,- past, aspersed: J 


8. iuperser^ aspersion : adj. asper- 

AS'PIRATE. V. To pronounce witt 
full breath, pr. par. aspiriitng; 
past, <ispirated: s. aspirate^ a^i- 

ASPl'RE. V. To pant af\er ; to desire 
eagerly, pr. par. aspiring; past, 
aspired: s. aspirant. 

ASSAFffiriDA. s. A kind of iU 
smelling drug. 

ASSAIL'. V. 1^ assault, to attack 
pr. par. assailing; past, assailed 
s. £usailant : adj. assailable. 

ASSAS'SIN. s. A murderer; one 
who kills by secret violence, v 
asscusinate; pr. par. assas.nnat 
ing ; past, assassinated : a. assas 

ASSAULT'. V. To attack, to assail 
pr. par. cusauUing ; past, assault- 
ed : s. assault, 

ASSAY*. V, To make trial ; to try ; 
to endeavour, pr. par. assayir^g , 
past, assayed: s. assay. 

ASSEM'BLE. v. To bring together ; 
to meet together, pr. par. asvem- 
bling ; past, assembled : s. (usent' 
bly, d1. assemblies ■ s. assembbigf. 

ASSENT*. V, To agree to. pi par. 
assenting; past, assented: s. assent, 

ASSERT. V, To maintain, to de 
fend. pr. par. asserting ; past, as 
serted : s. assertion^ asserior. 

ASSESS'. V. To apportion, or tax 
pr. par. assessing ; past, assessed 
adj. assessable: s. assessment^ as- 

AS'SETS. s. Funds or property for 

ASSEVERATE, v. To declare ear 
nestly. pr. par. asseverating; past, 
asseverated : s. asseveration. 

ASSIDU'ITY. s. Diligence, pi. as 
siduities: adj. assiduous: ddv. as 

ASSIGN'. V, To mark out ; to con- 
vey a right ; to appoint or depute. 

' pr. par. tissigning ; past, assigned 
adj. ansignt^li: s. assignation. 

ASSIGNEE', s. One \o YiVvom wc\ 
thing 18 asBigned. 


ASSIMILATE, v. To convert to( 
the same nature ; to cause resem- 
blanre. pr. par. assimilating; 
past, assimilated : s. asstmilation. 

ASSIST. V. To help. pr. par. assist- 
ing; past, asust^d: s. assistance: 
adj. assistant: s. assistant. 

ASSi'ZE. s. Regulation, (assizes, 
meeting of provincial law-courts.) 

SSaCIATE. V. To join as a com- 
panion ; to unite, pr. par. associat' 
tng* ; past, assodcUed : s. associate, 

ASSORT, v. To place in classei. 
pr. par. assorting; past, assoritd: 
8. a^ortmerd, 

ASSUAGE^. V. To mitigate, to ease, 
pr. par. assuaging; past, 05- 
svaged: s. assuager. 

ASSIM'SIVE. adj. Softening, miti- 

ASSU'ME. V. To take, to usurp, pr. 
par. assuming ; past, assumed. 

ASSUMPTION. 5. Act of assum- 
ing. ^Ayassumptwe: adv.oMuiiif- 

ASSU'RE. V. To give confidence; 
to insure, pr. par. assurixtg; past, 
assured: s. assurance: adj. as- 

ASTERISK. *. A mark (*) used 
in printing. 

ASTERN', adv. In the hinder part 
of a ship ; behind another ship. 

AS'TEROIDE. s. Something par 
taking of the form of a star, adj 

ASTHMA, s. A difficult, short res 
piration. adj. asthmatic, atthmati 

ASTON'ISH. V. To confound, to 
amaze, ^r.^^r. astonishing; past, 
astonished: s. tutonishmeni : adv. 

ASTOUNiy. V. To astonish, to stun. 

pr. par. astounding; past, as- 

ASTRAL, adj. Relating to the stare. 
ASTRAY', adv. Out of the right 

wav, or place. 
AyrRjanON. s. Act of contract- 


ing by medical appiicatioiis ; wS^ 

ASTRl'DE. ado. With the legs 

open ; with a leg on each lide. 
ASTRIN'GENT. adj. BindiDg, con* 

tracting. s. mrfnngnoicy,* pi. M> 

AS'TROLABE. «. An instrament 

formerly used for ascertainiog 

ASTROL'OGY. ». The pretended 

science of foretelling by the atari. 

8. astrologer : adj. tutroU^ical, 
ASTRON'OMY. s. The science ol 

the heavenly bodies, s. astrono- 

mer: adj. astronomical: adv. M> 

ASTU'TE. adj. Subtle, connifig. 

adv. astutely. 
ASUN'DER. adv. Apart, separately. 
ASY'LUM. s. Place of safety. 
jAT. One of the prepositions. 
ATE. V. Did eat. Little used. 
ATHEIST. 8. One who denies the 

existence of God. adj. atheistical: 

adv. atheistically : s. atheiam. 
ATHLETIC, adj. Of a strong and 

vigorous body. 
ATH VikKT.prep. Across, through. 

adv. athwart. 
ATMOSPHERE, s. The air which 

surrounds the earth, adj. atnu* 

mheric, atmospherical. 
A'TOM. s. A very small particle. 

adj. atomic, atomical, 
AT(/NE. V. To expiate, pr. par. 

atoning; past, atoned: s. atonC' 

ATROCITY. 8. Horrible wicked- 
ness, pi. atrocities : adj. atrocious , 

adv. atrociously. 
ATROPHY. *. Debility, for want 

of nourishment, pi. atrophies. 
ATTACH'. V, To join, to arrest, ta 

seize, pr. par. attaching ; past, at- 
tached: s. attachment. 
ATTACK'. V. To assault ; to begin 

a contest, pr. par. attacking ; past, 

attacked: s. attack. 
ATTAIN'. V. To procure, to f».ach. 

pr. par. attaining ; past, atttMied , 

B. crftainmenU 


ATTAWDER. «. The act of at- 
tainting ; state of being attainted. 

ATTAINT. V, To disgrace ; to cor- 
rupt the blood, by a judgment af- 
ter conviction of felony or trea- 
son, pr. par. tUtminiing ; past, at- 
lainted: s. attcunt. 

ATTEM'PER. v. To mingle, to 
•often, to fit to. pr par. tUtemper- 
mg' ; {Mist, atteirqterea : s. aiten^ptr' 

ATTEMPT. «. To endeavour, to 
try. pr. par. aitempiin/g ; past, at- 
tempted : s. cMempt. 

ATFENiy. V. To give attention, or 
aid ; to be present at. pr. par. at- 
tending ; past, attended : s. attend- 
•noe, attendant. 

ATTENTION, s. The act of attend- 
ing; particular respect, adj. ai- 
tentive: adv. attentively: s. atten- 

ATTENTATE, t;. To make thin, 
or slender, pr. par. attenuating; 
past, attenuated : s. attenuation. 

ATTEST. V. To sign as a witness ; 
to b^u* witness, pr. par. aitestmg ; 
past, attested: e. attestatum^ at- 
teste r, attestor. 

ATTIC, adj. Belonging or relating 
to Attica, or to Athens; pure; 
classical ; elegant, s. atticism. 

ATTIC, s. The garret or upper- 
most room in a house. 

ATTI'RE V. To dress, to habit, to 
array, pr. par. attiring; pa8t,'crf- 
tired: 8. attire. 

ATTITUDE, s. A posture. 

ATTOR'NEY. *. One appointed to 
transact business for another; a 
species of officer, in courts of law, 
proper, pi. attorneys; but often 
erro neously spelled attomies. 

ATTRACT. V. To draw towards, 
pr. par. attracting ; past, attracted .• 
s. attraction: Siay attrcuitive: adv. 

ATFRIBUTE. v. To ascribe, pr. 
par. aitribvting ; part, attributed : 
s. of tribute: adj. aitnhutahle. 

ATTRI'TION. s. Act of wearing 
anv thing, by fibbing. j 


ATTU'NE. V. To make ansical • 
to tune. pr. par. sXtuawngf past^ 

AU'BURN. adj. Brown; of a dark, 
reddish brown. 

AUCTION, s. A mode of public 
sale. V. auction ; pr. par. auction^ 
ing; past, auctioned : s. auctioneer 

AUDA'CIOUS. adj. Impuaentl 
daring, adv. audacumsiy : s. au 
daciiy, pi. audacities. 

AU'DIBLEI adj. Loud enough to b 
heard, adv. audibly. 

AU'DIENCE. s. The act of hearing 
a hearing ; hearers. 

AU'DIT. V. To examine the ac- 
counts of another, pr. par. audit- 
ing ; past, audited. 

AU'DITOR. s. A hearer ; an exam- 
iner of public accounts, adj. air 
ditory, pi. auditories. 

AU'GEIR. s, a tool for boring holes. 

AUGHT, s. Any thing. 

AUGMENT. V. To increase, to 
become larger, or more. pr. par. 
augmenting ; past, augmented : a. 
augmentation : adj. augmentative : 
s. augmenter. 

AU'GUR. V. To conjecture by 
signs ; to portend, pr. par. augur- 
ing ; past, augured: u. augur ^ 
augury, pi. auguries. 

AUGUST, adj. Great, magnificenl. 
adv. augustly : s. augustness. 

AU'GUST. s. The eighth month. 

AUNT. s. A father's or moiherV 

AURE'LIA. 8. The first apparent 
change of the maggot of insects. 

AURICULAR adi. Within the 
sense or reach of hearing ; secret 
adv. auricvlarly. 

AU'RIST. s. An ear-surgeon. 

ous meteor, peculiar to northera 

AUS'PlCE. J. An omen, protec- 
tion, adj. auspicious: adv. auap%- 
ciovsly : s. auspiciousness. 

AUSTE'RE. adj. Harsh; of a din- 
tant manner. Oidv. aust«rtdl>)* % 
austerity^ p\. austerities. 


AUS'TRAL. adj. Southern. 

AUTHEiN'TIC. adj. Proceeding 
from sufficient authority, v. au- 
thenticate ; pr. par. atUhenttcating { 
past, authmiicaied .• adv authen- 
ticaUy : s. aviheniicily^ p\. ou^Aen- 

Ali'THOR. 5. One who first effects 
or produces any thing, s. author- 

AUTHOR'ITY. s. Testimeny, in- 


of ablKii 
a penoA 

AVAUNT. mt A woid 

rence, used to drive 

AVENGE'. V. To punish in behalf 

of another; to revenge, pr par 

anmgingi past, avenged. ■ 

avtTiger, * 

A' VENUE. B. A way of approach. 
AVER'. V. To declare solemohb 

pr. par. averring; pant, ancrtw* 

8. avemwKL 

Alienee, power, pi. authorities: A'YERAGE. v. To fix one degrea 
udj. authoritative: adv. att(Aortto-| of value upon things of different 

AU rOBIOG'RAPHY. » Memoirs 
of any person, written by himself, 
pi. autobiographies. 

AUTHORIZE. V. To make legal ; 
to justify, pr. par. authorizing; 
past, authorized : s. authorization. 

AUTOCRAT, s. An absolute 
prince, ad}, autooatic: 
tonraiically : a. autocracy^ pi. au- 

AUTOGRAPHY, s. A particular 
person's own hand-writing; or 
the original manuscript, distin- 
guished from a copy. pi. autogra- 
phies.- adj. autograpJucaL 

AUTOM'ATON. s. A machine 
«/hich has a power of motion 
within itself, adj. automatical. 

AU'TUMN. s. The season of the 
year between summer and winter. 
ndj. autumyud. 

AU^IL'IARY. s. An assistant, pi 
auxiliaries : adj. auxiliary. 

AVAIL'. V. To aid in promoting; 
to profit, pr. par. availing ; past, 
availed: b. avail: adj. available: 
adv. availably. 

AVALANCHES. «. Prodigious 
snow-balls, that frequently roll 
down the mountains, m Savoy. 

AVAXT-COU'RIER. s. One who is 
despatched before the rest, to 
notify their approach. 

A'VARICE. s. Insatiable desire ofl 
wealth, ady avaricious : ndv. ava- 
rlrimisly: s. nvariciov.sness. 
A VAST. tnt. Enough, stop. 

qualities, pr. par. enferagtng, 

past, averaged : a. average. 
AVERSE', adj. Not favourable 

opposed to. 8. aversion: ad* 

AVERT. V. To turn aside ; to keep 

off pr. par. averting! past, 

averted: s. averter. 
A'VIARY. 8. A place incloaed for 

birds, pi. aviaries. 
AVID'I'rY. s. Greediness, eager 

ness. pi. avidities. 
AVOCA'TION. 8. Business which 

calls a person away from his usual 

employment ; opposed to Toca« 

tion. adj. avocative. 
AVOIiy. V. To make void ; to shun; 

to decline ; to escape, pr. par. 

avoiding; past, avoiaed: s. oMiid- 

AVOIRDUPOIS'. oAj. A kind of 

weight, having 16 ounces in the 

AVOUCH'. «. To affirm, to main- 

tain, to vindicate, to justify, nr. 

par. avouching ; past, croucnei 
AVOW. V. To declare with confi- 
dence ; to own or confess, pr. par. 

avowing ; past, avowed : a. avawab 

adi. ovotoo^^: adv. avowedly. 
AVUL'SION. 8. Act of pulling one 

thing from another, adj. avulsive 
AWAIT. V. To expect, to attend. 

pr. par. auditing; past, awaited 

s.. awaiter. 
AWAKE*. V. To rouse out of sleep 

to put into new action, pr. par 

awaking ; past, aiooke. 
lAWABlV. t). To «L«l\vjLA«jja.j\.o ^ft\«t 


mine. pr. par. awarding { past, 

%aoardta: s. award, 
AW£. s. Reverential fear; rere- 

rence ; dread, adj. at^uJ .• adv. 

AWK'WARD. adj. Inelegant, unpo- 

lite, clumsy, s. mwkwoHnetsg adv. 

AWL. 8. A pointed instrument, for 

boring holes in leather. 
AWN'ING. s. A covering spread 

over a boat or ship, to keep off 

the sun and rain. 
AXE. s; A kind of hatchet 
AX'IOM. t. A proposition, evident 

at the first view, and which can- 

■ot be made plainer by domou- 



AXIS. t. The line, real or imagin 
ary, that passes through any 
thing, and on which it may re> 
volve. pi. axes. 

AX'LE, AX'LETREE. s. The pin 
which passes through the midst 
of a wheel. 

AYE. adv. Yet. 

AY'RY. 8. The nest of a bird of 
prey. pi. ayries, 

A'ZOTE. 8. Nitrogen ; that part of 
the atmospheric air, which will 
not support lifb. 

AZ'IMUTH. f. A term in astrono- 

A'ZURE. 8. Light blue. 




BAB BLE. V. To prate hke a child ; 

CO talk idly. pr. par. babbling; 

past, babbled : s. bahbUy babbler. 
BABE, BA'BY. s. An infant, pi. 

babe8j babies: adj. btAyish: aav. 

BABOON'. 8. A kind of monkey. 

AN. 8. A devotee to Bacchus, the 

i|pod of wine. adj. bacchanalian, 
BACH'ELOR. s. An unmarried man; 

one who has taken his first degree, 

at a college. 
BACK. 8. The hinder part of the 

body ; the rear ; the place behind ; 

a large vat adj. bade 
BACK. V. To mount on the back of 

a horse ; to maintain, as a second. 

pr. par. backing; prist, backed. 

B/^CK'BITE V. To censure the ab- 
sent. V. backbite ; pr. par. backbit- 
ing ; past, backbitten : a. backbiter. 

BACKGAM'MON. s. A kind ofl 

BACK'SLroE. V. To fall off; to 
apostatize, pr. par. backsliding; 
fMUSt, backxlided: s. backslider. 

BACKWARU aJJ. UnwilJiag, he8-\ 

itating, sluggish, dull. adv. back 

toardfy: s. backwardness. 
BACK'WARDS. adv. With the bark 

forwards ; towards the back ; re* 

BA'CON. 8. The dried ilesh of a 

BAD. adj. m, not good, vicious, un* 

fortunate, adv. badly .* s. badness. 
BADE. The preterit of bid. 
BADGE, s. A token by which a 

person is known ; a mark. 
BAD'GF.R. s. A kind of quadruped. 
BADTNAGE. i. Light or piayful 

BAFFLE V. To elude, to confound, 

to defeat, pr. par. baffling ; past, 

baffled: s. baffler. 
BAG. s. A sack or pouch, v. hagi 

pr. par. bngtring ; past, bagged. 
BAGATELL'E. s. A trifle. 

BAG'GAGE. s. The furniture of an 
armv ; luggage. 

BA'GNIO. s. A house for bathing. 

BAG' PIPE, s, A kind of musico) 

BA FL. 5. Surety gWeu Cot ^ ^ct%<w?\ 
appearance nl coutl*. V^e^\v^ W^ 


another, v. bail; pi par. bailing 
past, bailed : adj hailable. 

BAI'LIFF. s. The chief magistrate 
of a certain class of corporate 
towns ; a sheritf 's officer who ex- 
cK:utes arrests ; an under-steward 
of a manor. 

BAIL'IWICK. s. The jurisdiction of| 
a bniliff, or of a sheriff. 

BAIT. V. To put meat upon a fish- 
hook ; to feed on a journey, pr. 
par. baiting; paiSt^ baited: s. baii. 

B.4lT. V. To attack with violence; 
to harass by the help of others, 
pr. par. baiting ; past, baited. 

BAIZE, s. A kind of coarse cloth. 

BAKE. V. To harden in the fire; to 
liarden with heat. pr. par. baking; 
jpnst, baked: s. baker. 

BAL'ANCE. 5. An instrument for 
weighing ; difference of weight or 
amount; equipoise, v. balance; 
pr. par. balancing ; past, balanced : 
8 balancer. 

BAL'CONY. a. A frame before the 
window of a room. pi. balconies. 

BALD. adj. Wanting hair ; naked; 
inelegant; mean. s. baldness. 

BAL'DERDASH. s. Words jumbled 
together, without judgment. 

BA LE. s. A large bundle ; a pack- 
age. V. bale; pr. par. baling; 
past, baled. 

BALEFUL, adj. Full of misery; 
full of mischief, adv. balefully. 

BALIS'TA. *. A warlike instrument, 
anciently used to throw stones 
and darts. 

BALK. s. A great beam, used in 
building; a disappointment, v. 
balk; pr. par. balking; past, 

BALL. s. Any thing made in a round 
form ; an entertainment of danc- 

BAL'LAD. 5. A species of song. 

BAL'LAST. s. Something put at the 
bottom of a ship, to keep it 
steady, v. ballast; pr. par. ballast- 
ing; past, ballasted. 

RALLE'T. s. A kind of dance, (pro- 
aounced htU-iay,) 


BALLOON', i. A spheroid, tmmA 

of silk ; which, when infijited 

with hydrogen gas, or rarefiod ain 

BAULOT. t. A mode of giving 

votes, originally by meant of little 

balls, v. millot; pr. par. Udloting; 

past, balloied. 
BALM. s. A species of arom^ie 

herb; any thing that soothes or 

mitigates pain. adj. balmy. 
BAL'SAM. a. Ointment; unguent; 

a kind of plant, adj. halsamic 
BALUSTRA'DE. s. An assemblage 

of balustres, fixed on a terrace, 

or on the top of a building. 
BAMBOO^, s. An Indian plant, of 

the reed kind. 
BAN. s. A curse, excommanic2iimi, 

BANA'NA. s. A species of planta*n 
BAND. s. Means of union or con 

nexion; any thing bound round 

another ; a company of soldiers, 

or of other persons, v. band ; pr. 

par. bandtng; past, banded. 
BAND^AGE. s. Something bound 

over another, v. bandage ; pr. par. 

bandaging ; past, bandaged. 
BANiyBOX. 5. A slight box, used 

^or things of smaU weight, pi 

BAN'DIT. s. An outlawed robber. 

pi. banditti. 
BAN'DY. adj. Crooked. 
BAN'DY. V. To beat to and fro ; to 

exchange ; to agitate, pr. par. 

bandying; past, bandied. 
BANE. s. Poison; that which de- 
stroys, adj. baruful; s. baneful' 

BANG. V. To beat, to thump, to 

handle roughly, pr. par. banging, 

past, banged: s. bang. 
BAN'ISH. V. To condemn to leave 

the country; to drive sway, pr, 

par. barushing; past, banished- 

8. banishment. 
BAN'ISTRE. 5. A kind of railing. 
BANK. s. The earth which confines 

a river or lako; any heap piled 
1 up ; a pV^Lce vrtieie isvou^n \% doii 


posited. T. hnnki pr. par. bank- 
ing: jkvbI, banked: s. banker, 

BAim'KUPT. OiiJ. lu debt, beyond 
the power of pajdnff. ■. bankrupt^ 
bankruptcy^ pi. bankrvptws. 

BAN'NCR. 8. A flag, a standard. 

BAN'NERET. s, A Uttle banner. 

BANQUET, s. A feast, v. banquet; 
pr. par. banqueting ; past, ban- 

BAN'TER. V. To challenge idly , 
to tease, pr. par. bantering ; past, 
bantered: s. banter, banterer. 

BANTLING, s. A little child. 

BAPTrZE. «. To administer bap- 
tism ; to christen, pr. par. baptiz- 
ing; past, baptized, s. baptism: 

BAPTIST, s. One who practises 
adult baptism, by immersion. 

BAR. s. That which is laid across a 
passage, to hinder entrance; a 
Dolt; obstruction; the place 
where causes of law are tried, or 
where criminals stand ; members 
of the profession of law, &.c 

BAR. V. To fasten or shut vrith a 
bolt; to prevent, pr. par. barring; 
past, barred. 

BARR s. The points that stand 
backwards, in an arrow, v. barb ,*| 
pr.par. barbing; past, barbed, 

BARBA'RIAN. a. A man uncivil- 
ized ; a brutal monster, adj. bar- 

BAR'BAROUS. adj. Uncivilized, 
cmeL s. barbarism, barbarity, pi. 
barbarities: adv. barbarously. 

large animal roasted whole. ▼. 
barbecue; pr. par. barbecuing; 
pist, barbecued, 

BAR'BER. s. A man who shaves 
beards for hire. 

BARD. s. A poet adj. bardie, 

BARE. adj. Naked, unadorned, in- 
digent, threadbare, v. bare; pr. 
Jiar. baring; past, bared: adv. 
arely: s. bareness. 

BARE'FACED. adj. With the face 
naked ; impudent, adv. barefaced' 
fy 0. barc/hcedness. 


BARETOOTED. adj. Without 
shoes or stockings. 

BARE'HEADED. adj. With the 
head uncovered. 

BARE'LEGGED. adj. Having the 
legs bare. 

BARE'NECKED. adj. Having the 
neck bare. 

BAR'GAIN. s. A contract; astipu 
lation ; the thing bought or sold 
V. bargain; pr. par. bargaining 
past, bargained: s. bargainer. 

BARGE, s. A pleasure-boat ; a sea 
commander's boat. 

BARK. s. The rind or covering of 
tree; a small ship. v. bark; pr 
par. barking; past, barked. 

BARK. V. To make the loud noise 
uttered by a dog. v. bark; pr 
nar. barking; past, barked: a. 
bark, barker. 

BARTiEY. s. A species of grain. 

BARM. s. Yeast; the matter nut 
into a liquid, to cause it to fer* 
ment. adj. barmy. 

BARN. s. A house in which is pnv 
served any sort of grain, hay, w 

BAR'NACLE. 5. A kind of shell 
fish ; a species of sea-fowl. 

BAROM'ETER. s. An instrumen 
for ascertaining the pressure o 
the atmosphere, adj. barometticnl 
adv. barometrically. 

BAR'ON. s. A degree of nobility 
next to a viscount, fem. baroness 
pi. baronesses : s. barony, pi. bat 
onies : adj. baronial. 

BAR'ONET. *. The lowest degnye 
of honour in Great Britain and Ire 
land, that is hereditary, s. ban 
netcy, pi. baronetcies. 

BARllACK. s. A building to lodge 
soldiers ; a temporary barn. 

BARHEL. J. A round, wooden ves 
sel; a cylinder, v. barrel; pi 
par. barreling ; past, barreled. 

BAR'REN. adj. Unfruitful . not fer 
tile. s. barrenness. 

BARRICA'DK v. To stop up a pas- 
sage, pr. par. barricading i j^^^l^ 
barricaded: a. barria'dit. 


B.\R*RICR «. A barrwuide, a forti-f 

BAR'RISTER. s. A pwrson quali- 
fied to plead the cause of clients, 

in a court of justice. 
BAR'ROW. a. A kind of carriage, 

moved or supported by the hami 
BAR'ROW. s. A hillock over a 

B\RTER. V. To exchange one 

thing for another, pr. par. barter- 

tngi past, bartered: a. barter , 

BASALTE& t. A kind of atone, 

found in perpendicular blocks. 

atlj. bastUtic 
BASE. s. The bottom of anything; 

the string which produces a baise 

sound. V. base ; pr. par. basing ; 

pnst, based. 
BASE. adj. Mean, dishonest, adv. 

basely: s. baseness. 
BASE'MENT. s. A continued base, 

extending a considerable length. 
BASHAW, s. A pacha, or viceroy 

of a Turkish province. 
BASHFUL, adj. Modest, shy, 

sheepish, a. basf^tUness: adv. 

BASIL'IKON. 5. An ointment. 
BAS'ILISK. s A kind of serpent. 
BA'SIN. 5. A small vessel to hold 

water, for washing ; a pond. 
BASIS, s. The foundation, first 

principle, pi. bases. 
BASK. V. To lie in a place, in order 

to receive heat. pr. par. basking ; 

past, basked. 
BAS'KET. *. A vessel made of] 

twigs, rushes, or splinters. 
B\SS. adj. In music— grave, deep. 
B VSS-RELIE'F. s. Sculpture, the 

figures of which do not stand out 

from the ground, in their full pro 

BASSOOPT. s. A species of musical 

BASTARD, s. An illegitimate child; 

unv thing spurious, adj. bastard { 

s. hastardy^ pi. bastardies : v. bas- 

fnrdixe; pr. par. bastardizing; 
pHMt, ifasimrdaid. 


BASTE. V. To beat with a attek; 

to sollen with butter, when n aal 

ing; to sew slightly, pr. pat. 

hasimg i past, hcaUd, 

Turkish puniafament. v. ftajtinodb, 

pr. par. oaa/iM<u2tn^ ; paat, ttnlU 

BAS'TION. f. A hum maaa of 

earth, standing out nt>m a nn- 

Xart ; a bulwark. 
T. «. A kind of animal. 
BATCH, a. A quantity of bread 

baked at one time. 
BATCH'£L(»l. See BiMXEun. 
BATE. V. To lessen ; to lower the 

price, pr. par. 6a<ing-; past, 6«taL 
BATH. s. A vessel for bathing in. 
BATHE. V. To wash ; to go uiti> a 

bath. pr. par. batkingf past, 

BATHOS, a. The art of sinking, in 

poetry, or other literary composi- 
BATON, a. A marshaPs staff. 
BATTALION. #. A certain division 

of an ormy. 
BATTER. V. To beat against, wjth 

violence, pr. par. battering ; past, 

battered: s. batter^ battery ^ pi. bmt' 

BATTLE, s. A fight ; an encounter 

between opposite armies, pr. par 

batilir^; past, batUed : s. batUer 
BATTLEDORE, s. An instrument 

used for striking a shuttlecock. 
BATTLEMENT, s. A wall with 

open places, to look through, or 

annoy an enemy. 
BAUT.K. See Balk. 
BAWBLE. 8. A gewgaw; a tn- 

fling piece of finery. 
BAWD. *. A procurer, or procnreM. 

s. batodry, pi. bawdries: adj. haw* 

dy : adv. hawdily. 
BAWL. V. To cry out with great 

vehemence, pr. par. bamtng, 

X3St, hntcled: s. bawlf bowler 
Y. adj. Inclining to a cheanut 
BAY. s. An opening into the land ; 
a harbour \ \.V\^ vXtXe o^" asv^ ^av- 

■lug It biv." 
B*Y. ». A kind of Unrel. 
BWONET. ». A kind of dion 

• woni, Bied U the eud of a niui- 

ket. c. iajoiMj ,■ pr. par, bayontl- 

*"f: pA^i bayonilcd- 
BAZAR'. 1. A constant muketj ■ 

covered market- piare. 
BG. >. To have loioe certain Hate; 

to ^liftl- pf, par. being r l>aAi 

JiMR- 1. bcinr. 
nUArH. I. The shore, OTitnmd. 
MfiA-COfl.*, Amatk erected, W di- 

n^cl navigaLoTS- i. benEtiriage. 
BEAD. & A (erf imall globe, pi. 

inada, imall globea strune «ji a 

thread, «nd Died by the Roman- 

BEA'DLE. t. A pelt; ollicer in par- 
BEAIXROLL. i. A catnlogue o( 

A man employed 
■rally for anothe 

BtkDSMM, 3. 
BEA'Glil «.' a" . 

HEAK. I. The biU or horu; mautl 

at a biwi; llwllead of a ahip 

.di. ItaAri 
BEAM. *. Themnin piece ortim 

ber which lupporti the lofls of ; 

house; any li " 

Ihst pari of i . . 

of which the acalei BFoiutpeni 

«>! I ihs pole of a chariot ; a n 

of lijlht. ndi,Anim.y. 
BEAH ». To'shonl forth ; to emil 

la emit ityi or beimi. pr. p> 

hraming r past, biamei. 
BF,AN. ». Aepecloiof legammoi; 


bearing; part, ioi 
BEAR. J. A «pccici 

■dj. biariih. 
flEAR'tlVG. ). The site of any 

with rrgJird Id suinelhing 

pr. par. 

par. heardi 


■rding; pan, biardia. 

adj. bttirMea, beanhf^ 
BEAST. I. Ad aeimal a;jtingui>h- 

ed from birdi, inaects, £>hea, and 

man. adj. teaiUUu, luaatlf: i. 

BEAT. V. To .trike, to conquer, 

to ihrob. pr. par. bialiag [laMt, 

BEATIFY, tt. To make happy; 10 
bless, pr. par. bcatifi/ing! paM, 
bealificd.- adj. ieatjfic, bialificiii: 
adv. beaiificajhi ; u. btatlfiaiiitiR, 

BEAU. I. A tbp. French plural 

BEAtT-MONITE. : The gayor fash 

ionabip world. 

BEaU'TY. X That uapmblngB o 
Braces which pleases the eye. t 
baailify; pr. par. btaulifipite 
Dutl, banifljiril: adj. beatilifil, 
OsRulenui; adv. baivl^fidts. btau- 

BEATER, i. A ipecipacif nnpliFbi 
oua animal, COVE rpcl wilh llba 
fTir; a hat, made of the fine fur o, 

BEA'VKR- 1^. Tliat part of ■ hel 

mEL which caa be raised irho 

BECAL\r. V. To 11111 the elemcnla 

lo depriro of wind. pi. pir. 6s 

enhnins ; pJJPt. beca/mtd. 
BECA'ME. V. Tile prBleik of h- 

BFCAtrSF, omj. For this tcaMHi 

BECK. J. .^Bicnu-illi the hind; 

nnd nfromimnil, 
BECttOri. «. To niske a ..qn. w 

par. bf.rkimiiit put, brehaua 
BECCME. n. To enter into <,.m^ 

1 appi-a 

IManlinrtiiltnhleand i>l 
BED. I, THrt on »-hich anj tdim 

BEDAUB', c. TodBub over. pr. par 
btdaubiag ,' past, beilnuboL 

BEIVDING. I. Tbe futniture of ! 

BEDEW. V. Tomoitienwithdew 
deatng ; past, bt^uxi. 


BEffLAM. J. Comiplei 



b«d, b; age or mcknees. 
BED'ROOM. 1, A bed-chiunber. 
StUXSTEAD. a. The iVatne on wblc> 

BEE, >. The inaect ihat mokei 

BGE'HIVE. *. The caw in 

BEACH, i. Atind of d^c 

tree. adj. btadien. 
BEEF. J. The 



. pi. bttvti, Tat oien fc 
>. Tho piit par. of ihe ■ 

BEET. I. The name arm 

BEETLE. J. A epecias i 

I bcnTf mallet. 
BEETU:. r. To jut out 

BEPCyRT:, prrp- Failher omnuri , 
he front of; in tbe preMnce 

BEt'O'KEHA.ND. •ub, InaH^dcOt 

BEFRIEND'. 0. To favour, to be- 

kind [n. T)r, pat. bt/rimJuif; 
pnet, bcfriendld. 

EU. o. To nsk, to seek bj peti- 
lion. pr. par. brggmg; paat, 

BEGAN', 0. Did begin; pr.ofi*fBi. 
BEGET. V. To generate, to pnc 


o^gimng' - - 

-qB -M-eor, bu 

idj. beg^rly. 
BEGIN'. V. 1o enter onon »ome- 
bing new. pr. par. beginning, 
iist, brgiim pret. began: i. it- 
■inner, bcgvmiing. 
B^GIKD'. V. To bind with Hjgrrdle; 
pr. par. b^prding; 
pnsl. begirt. 
BEGO'NE. int. Go Bwa;; heDCe, 

Bt:GOT. v.' The ptetarit of bigit 

past par. brgaiiau 
BECRfME. V. To Boil with dirt 

deeply impreiBed. pr, pir. btgrim 

ing ! past, htgrinud. 
BEGRUDCE. r. To an-rj. pr. paJ 

btgnulging ; miBl, begrudged. 
BEGUI'LE. «. To delude, to da 

ci^ivB. pr. par. begvSing; paM 

hegiiUrd: s. btrJiiler. 
BEHA'VE. B. To conduct, pr. pat 

bihniring; part, behatud! a. ImAs 

BEHEAD'. B. Tokill.bycuttinfol 
the head, pr. par-6fAfa(bn^,'put 
bfJieaded; ^. behead. 

BEHELiy. P. Did behold. 

BEHEST. 1. Command, precept. 

BEIIIMJ', p,tp. On the back of, 
in the rear of. adl, bMnd. 

BEFItNCHAND. adv. In a dale is 
which rent or profit, or an; adiaii- 
tagc, ig antic iin tpd ; backward, 


BCMOUy. r. To Tiew, to spe. r 

pu. bdiMiTigi paat, biheliti 

BEHOOTE. v. To be fit ; 10 I 
raaet. {jr.pai.Moonulg-,- pBBt,l 

BELA'BOUa B. TnlieBt,tqthiii 
pr- par. btiabourm^; paxt. b 

BELAr. ». To.plioe; to men. 
rope, bj laying 010 end o 
anothei. pr. par. bdai/iag ; pi 

BELCHES. ToejeetwLtidrramthe 

BFX'DAME. ». A hng. 

BEL'Ffty I. Theplacs where belli 

BELVa o. To aivB tho lia to; to 
Bilumniate logivE a felae reprB- 
eentation of, or. par. iciying-; 
put, belied: a. M^bfr. 

BELIEVE, u. To credi 
authority of another, 
tkoing; put, beiieeal; 

?'■ r"- 

BEU^ 1. A hollow body, of cot 
sae\i.\. fonned 10 aound by tome- 
Ihi B striking It 

BFLLE. J. Ayounglody. 

BELLE-LETTBES. J. Polite lilara- 

a bull: (Dvwironl 
lomng ! pigc, helloi 

I. pr.piir,£ef- 

BELLOWS, r. Aainitrument used 

BELOKr.'. 1!. Tobetbepropenyof. 

pr, pir. bdnnging; nnst, bdoneed. 
BELOW, prep. Tinder in place. 

rank, or dignity; unworthy of. 

BELT. s. A Birdie. v.Ull; pr.fu. 

betting ; paat, betted. 
BEMOAK'. O. To lament, pr. ptr. 

manbig ! Tuat, bawaiit± 
BENCH. 1. A kind of seal. pL 

BENCH-EB. ». A judge. 

UENa n. To incline, to turn, to 
fiubdue- pr. par. bending f paalt 
bent: B. bead: adj. bcndaale. 

BENEATH', prtp. Unilet «»er in 

BENEDICTION. .. A b,«ning. 
BENEFACTOR. J. Or* who con- 
I a benefit, fern bewfactreai, 
btnefielrefiei ! t. btne/kdiOH. 
BEN'EFICH. J. An ecclesioKical 

ivinr. adj. beneficed. 
BENEF'ICSNCE. ». Actifo fiood 
iie«s. ai3j. benrftcml : nJv. hmyi- 

BENEt'l'CrAL. mli. Aiitinlanenua, 
'■-'pful. id'-iicnrJirMs. 

BEN'EFIT. ». Favour conrprredi 
advaiiUiBe: profit, aij. btnejidai : 
adv. bcn^ieily: i. ftmyii; pr. 
pur. beii^tii\^ : poaC, bent/iltd. 

SEKEV'OLtlNCE. i. Diapo^iiunRi 
do gnnd; klndQSiw. adj. benevo- 
lent; adY. btneBolentty. 

BENIGJ*". adj. Kind, liberal, gtncr- 
ouB. adv. benignly. 

BEMG'NITT. .. Graciou=iie»,aet. 
ubI kinikieBS. pi. beai^lia adj. 
benignant; ad'f. benigTumlly. 

BEN-ISON. I. BlesBins,benedicti.n. 

BENT. V. Thi prct. aid past par. 
^(iend: a. Lent. Inclination,^ 

BEQUEST'. I. SomelliiQ^ IntS. h' 


BEREAVE'. V. To ttrip of; to d^- 

STivt ot. pr. v^ir. bereaving! past, 
ereji: n. bereavement. 
BERGAMOT.^. A kind of perfume. 
BER'RY. s. A small fruit, pi. berries. 
BER'YL. 8. A kind of precious stone. 

BESEECH'. V. To intrent, to sup- 
plicate, pr. par. beseeching; past, 

BESET. V. To besiege, to hem in, 
to embarrass, pr. par. besetting ; 
past, beset 

BESHREW. V. To wish a curse 
to ; to wish ill to. pr. par. beshrew' 
tng ; past, beshrewed. 

BESIDE, prep. At the side of 

BESI'DES. prep. Over and above, 
adv. besides. 

BESIE'GE. V. To lay siege ta pr. 

Ear. besieging f past, besieged: s. 

BESME'AR. V. To daub, to soil, 
pr. par. besmearing f past, be- 

BESOUGHT'. V. The pret. and past 
par. of the v. beseech. 

BESPANG'LE. v. To adorn with 
spangles, pr. par. bespangling; 
past, befpanglea. 

BESPATTER v. To soil, by throw- 
ing filth, pr. par. bespattering; 
past, bespattered. 

BESPEAK'. V. To order any thine, 
prospectively, pr. par. bespeak- 
ing ; past, bespoke^ bespoken. 

BESPRINK'LE. v. To sprinkle over, 
pr. par. besprinkling; past, be- 

BEST. adj. Superlative of good. 
adv. best. 

BESTIAL, adj. Belonging to a 

beast ; brutal, s. bestiality^ pi. besti- 

nJiiies : adv. bestially. 
BESTIR'. V. To put into vigorous 

action, pr. oar. bestirring; past, 


BESTOW. V. To give, to confer 
upon. pr. par. bestomng; past, 
^as/offfed.' a. besiowcr. 


BESTRIDE. «. To stride over ; to 
ride on. pr. par. beairidinf, pwi, 

^T. s. A wager, v. bH; pr. par. 

betting; past, bet, betted : s. beiier 
BETI'DE. V. To come to \mu ; t« 

BETI'MES. adv. Seasonably ; early 

in the day. 
BETaKEN. V. To signifv, to fbn 

show. pr. par. bef<Mcening, past, 

betokened: s. betokener. 
BETRAY'. V. To give into the 

hands of an enemy ; to disclose 

that which has been intrusted to 

secresy. pr. par. betraying; past, 

betrayed: s. betrayer. 
BETROTH'. V. To contract in mar 

riage. pr. par. betrothing; part, 

betrothed: s. betrothment 
BETTER adj. Comparative of 

good. V. beiier; pr. par. bettering, 

past, bettered : adv. better. 

the intermediate space ; from one 

to another, in partnership. 
BEVERAGE, s. Drink. 
BEVT. 8. A flock of birds ; a com- 
pany, pi. bevies. 
BEWAI'L. V. To bemoan, to lament. 

pr. par. betoailing; past, bewailed, 

8. beuxuler. 
BEWA'RE. V. To regard with cao 

BEWILDER V. To lose in pathlesv 

places; to puzzle, pr. par. 6c 

vrildering ; past, bemldered. 
BEWITCH'. V. To injure by witch. 

craft ; to charm ; to enrapture, pr 

par. bewitching; past, bewiichea. 

8. bewitchery beuntchery^ pi, be 

BEYONiy. prep. On the farther side 

of; farthir onward than; past 

adv. beyond. 
BI'AS. 8. Inclination, either of mst* 

ter or mind. v. bias, pr. j)ar. 

biasing ; past, biased. 
BIB. 8. A chlld^s apron. 
BIB'BER s. A tippler. 
BI'BLE. 8. The sacred volume, ad? 




BIBLIOG'RAPHY. «. History of 
books, pi. bibUographiM : •. bib- 

BIB'ULOUS. adj. Absorbing moist- 

BICKTRING. s. A slight quarrel. 

BICOR'NOUS. adj. Having two 

BID. V. To desire, to command, to 
offer a price, pr. par. bidding,- 
past, bidden : s. bidder. 

BiD£. V. To endure, to suffer, to 
dweller, par. bidirig ; past, bode. 

BIDEN'TAL. adj. Having two 

BICN'NIAL. adj. Continuing two 
years ; happening every two years 
adv. bienntaUy. 

BIER. 5. A carriage on which the 
dead are carried. 

BTFEROUS. adj. Bearing twice a 

BIG. adj. Large, s. bigness. 

BIG'aMY. s. The crune of having 
two wives, or two husbands, at 
once. pL bigamies. 

BIG'OT. s. A person blindly de- 
voted to a certain party, adj. big- 
oted : s. bigotry^ pi. bigotries'. 

BILEL s. A thick yellow secretion ; 
a sore swelling, adj. bilious. 

BILGE. V. To spring a leak. pr. 
par. bilging; past, bilged: s. 

BILL. s. The beak of a fowl; a 
hatchet with a hooked point ; a 
written paper of a certain kind. 

BIL'LET. 5. A small paper ; a note ; 
a ticket directing soldiers at what 
house to lodge, v. billet f pr. par. 
billeting: past, bxUeted. 

BIL'LTARDS. s. A kind of play. 

BILTLNGSGATE. s. Ribaldry, foul 
language : A cant word, borrow- 
ed from Billingsgate, in London. 

BIL'LION. s. A million of millions. 

BIL'LOW. s. A wave. adj. billowy. 

BIN. s, A placo where corn or wine 
is deposited. 

BIIV'ACLE. 5. A sea term, denoting 
the compass-box. I 

Bl'^ARY. adj. In couples, I 



BIND. V. To confine with bonds, 

to contract; to fasten together 

pr. par. bmding: past, bound: a. 

BIOG'RAPHY. *. Personal history. 

pi. biographies: s. biographer. 

adj. biographical : adv. biographic 

BITAROUS. adj. Having two at 

BIPARTITE. . adj. Having tw 

BITED. s. All animal having tw 

feet. adj. bipedal. 
BIPETALOUS. adj. Consisting o 

two flower leaves. 
BIRCH, s. A kind of deciduous 

tree. adj. birchen. 
BIRD. s. A feathered animal. 
BIRDLIME s. A glutinous sub- 
stance, for catching birds. 
BIRTH, s. The act of coming into 

life ; rank by descent ; thing born ; 

a place on board a vessel, for hold* 

ing a bed. 
BIRTH'DAY. *. The day on which 

any one is born ; the anniversary 

of one's birth. 
BIRTHRIGHT, s. The rights to 

which a person is born. 
BIS'CUIT. 5. Hard bread. 
BISECT. V. To divide into twd 

parts, pr. par. bisecting; past, 

bisected : s. bisection^ bisector. 
BISH'OP. s. One who is placed over 

several churches, s. bishopric^ the 

diocese of a bishop. 
Bl'SON. 5. A kind of wild ox. 
BISSEXTILE, adj. Relating to eve 

rv fourth or leap year. b. bisstjctile, 
BISTRE. 5. A kind of paint. 
BIT. 5. That part of a bridle which 

is in the mouth ; a small piece ; a 

BIT. V. Did bite. 
BITE. V. To crush or pierce with 

the teeth, pr par. biting; past, 

bit, bitten: s. bite. 
BITTER, adj. Having a hot, acrid, 

biting taste, s. bitterness: adv 

BITTERN, s. A Vm^ o? \i\Te^. 

Bl r— BLA 

iDCtuous matter, dug out of the 
sa.'tli, or skimmed on lakes, adj. 
bittaninous: adv. biiuminoudy. 

BIVOUAC 8. The place where an 
army lies under arms. ▼. bivouac ; 
pr. par. biifoitacking ; past, bitwu- 

BLAB. V. To tell what ought to be 
kept secret, pr. par. blabbing; 
past, blabbed: s. blabber. 

BLACK, adj. Of the colour of night ; 
dark ; horrible, v. black ; pr. par. 
blacking f past, ilackea: adj. 
blackish: s. blackness, 

BLACK'EN. V. To darken, to de- 
fame, pr. par. blackenit^; past, 

BLACK'GUARD. s. A dirty feUow ; 
a rascal. 

BLACK'GUARD. v. To apply abu- 
sive and scurrilous epithets, pr. 
par. blackguarding f past, black- 

BLACK'LEG. s. A professed gam- 

BLACK'SMITH. s. A smith who 
forges iron. 

BLAD'DER. s. The vessel which 
contains the urine. 

BLADE, s. A spire of grass ; the 
leaf of an esculent plant; the 
sharp part of a weapon. 

BLAME. V. To censure, to charge 
with a fault, pr. par. blaming; 
past, blamed: adj. blameable^ 
blameless: s. blam^lessness. 

BLAME'WORTHY. adj. Deserving 
biame. s. blamewortkuuss. 

BLANCH. V. To whiten, pr. par. 
blanching ; past, blanched. 

BLAND, adj. Mild, gentle, adv. 
blandly : s. blandness. 

BLANDISHMENT, s. Act of fond- 
ness : caresses. 

BLANK, s. A space not written 
upon ; unprofitable result of a 
lotterv chance. 

'BLANK'ET. s. A woolen cover for 
a bed. «. blanketing. 

BLA«PHE'ME. v. To speak irrever- 
4^iJ/ of God. pr. par. blaspheni' 


ingi past, blasphemed: adj. 62as- 
phanous: adv. bhupheatMudy : % 
blasphemer^ blasphemy^ pL Ma> 
BLAST. V. To wither, to injare, i« 
invalidate, pr. par. 6/as^iing'; pasi, 
blasted: s. blast 

BLAZE, s. A flame ; a mark mado 
in a tree with a hatchet, v. blaze; 
pr. par. bkusir^ ; past, blazed : a. 

BLA'ZON. V. To deck, to embellish, 
to make public, pr. par. hlazotif 
ing; past, 62azoiua .• b. blazonry. 

BLEACH, r. To whiten, pr. par. 

bleaching; past, bleached: s. 

BLEAK, adj. Cold, chill, adv. bleak- 

ly: 8. bleakness. 
BLEAR, adj. Dim with rheum or 

BLEAT. V. To cry as a sheap. pr. 

par. bleating; past, bkaied; s. 

bleat^ bleater. 

BLEED. V. To lose blood; to drop 
as blood ; to draw blood from. pr. 
par. bleeding; past, bled: s. bluitr, 

BLEMISH, s. A mark of deformi- 
ty ; a scar , a reproach ; disgrace, 
pr. par. blemishing; past, 62nn- 

BLEND. V. To mingle together; 
to confound, pr. par. blending, 

^»ast, blended. 
ESS. V. To make happy; to 
prosper, pr. par. blessing; past, 
blessed: s. Vessing: &dv. Uessedly, 

BLEW. Preterit of the v. blow. 

BLIGHT. V. To blnst. pr. par. 
blighting; past, blighted: s. blight^ 

BLIND, adj. Deprived of sight, v. 
blind; pr. par. blindi7ig ; past, 
blinded • adv. blindly : s. blindness, 

BLINDTOLD. v. To cover the 
eyes. pr. par. blindfolding ; past^ 
blindfolded: adj. blindfold. 

BLINK. V. To wink ; to see ob- 
scurely, pr par. blinking; past, 



BLISS, s. The highest decree of 
happiness, adj. blissful : adV. hUss- 
fuUy : 8. bliss/ulness. 

BLIS'TER. s. A pustule formed by 
raisinff the cuticle, t. biisier ; pr. 
par. wsUring ; past, bUstered, 

BLITHE, adj. Gay, airy. adv. 
bUlhdy : s. bUiheness. 

BLOAT\ V. To swell; to make 
tur^d. pr. par. bloating f past, 
bloated: s. bloaiedness. 

BLOCK, s. A heavy piece of tim- 
ber; a mass of matter; a sea 
term for a pulley ; sometimes used 
in the United States, for a row 
of houses, or pile of buildings. 

BLOCK. V. To shut up. pr. par. 
blocking /past, blocked. 

BIXX^KA'DE. s. A siege carried on 
by shutting up the place, v. block- 
ade; pr. par. blockading f past, 

BLOCK'HEAD. s. A stupid fellow, 
adj. blockheaded, 

BLOOD. 8. The red fluid which 
circulates in the bodies of ani- 
mals, ady bloodt/j bloodless : adv. 

BLOOiyHOUND. s A hound used 
for hunting men. 

BLOODTHIRSTY, adj. Desirous 
of shedding blood. 

BLOOM. V. To yield blossoms, pr. 
par. blooming ; past, bloomed : s. 
oloom: adv. bloomingly. 

BLOS'SOM. 8. The flower produced 
before the seed. v. blossom ; pr. 
par. blossoming ; past, blossomed. 

BLOT. V. To obliterate, to .erase, 
to disflgure. pr. par. blotting; 
past, blotted: s. blot. 

BLOTCH, s. A spot on the skin. 
adj blotched. 

BLOW. s. Bloom, blossom, v. 6/010,* 

pr. par. blowing : past, blovsed. 
BLOW. s. A stroke. 

BLOW. V. To make a current of 
air; to pant. pr. par. blowing; 
past, blown : s. bhwy blower. 

BLOWPIPE, s. A tube used by va 
rioua artiScbrs. 


BLUFBER. 4. The fat of a laiye 

BLUB'BER. V. To swell the cheeks 

with weeping, pr. par. blubbering; 

past, blttobered. 
BLUDGEON, s. A short, heavy 

stick, used as an ofiensive weap- 
BLUE. s. One of the seven original 

colours. Sid}, bluish: &d\. bluely - 

s. blveness. 
BLUFF. «. A steep bank, or high 

bold shore. 
BLUN'DER. V. To err, to mistake 

pr. par. blundering; past, blun 

dered: s. blunder ^ blunderer. 
BLUN'DERBUSS. s. A kind of short 

gun, with a wide mouth, pi. blun 

BLUNT. V. To dull the edge or 

point, pr. par. blunting; past; 

blunted: adj. blunt: adv. bluntly: 

s. bluntness. 
BLUSH. V. To become red. pr. 

par. blushing; past, blushed; s, 

BLUS'TER. V. To roar as a storm. 

pr. par. blustering; past, bluster 

ed : s. bluster^ blusterer. 
BOAR s. The male swine. 
BOARD. 5. A flat piece of wood , 

entertainment ; an assembly seat- 
ed at a table, s. boarder: v. 

board; pr. par. boarding; past, 

BOAST. V. To braff, to magnify, 

to exalt, pr. par. boasting; past, 

boasted: s. boosts boaster: adj 

boastful: adv. boast/vlly. 
BOAT. s. A small vessel, in which 

persons pass over water, v. 60a/ , 

pr. par. boating; past, boaltd, 

adj. boaiable. 
BOATMAN, s. He that manages a 

BOATS'WAIN. s. A petty ofiicei 

on board a ship, pronounceo 

BOB'BFN. *. A small roller of wood, 

on which thread is wound. 
BODE. V. To poTleiid. ^t. ^m. b^ 

i^S } P&3t, boded. 



BOD'ICE. s. Stays. HBONETTA. s. A kind of sca-esh. 

BODKIN, s. An instrument used to BON'FIRE. s. A fire made for some 

bore holes, &.c. 
BODV. s. The material substance 

of an animal ; matter, opposed to 

spirit; a collective mass. pi. 

bodies: adj. bodied: adj. and adv. 

BOG. s* A marsh; a morass, v. 

bog; pr. ^^T. bogging; past, ('Og'- 

ged: adj. boggy. 
BOHE'A. s. A species of tea. 
BO'GLE. s. A bugbear; a spectre. 
BOG'GLE. V. To start ; to hesitate. 

pr. par. boggling ; past, boggled : 

8. boggier. 
BOIL. V. To be agitated by heat ; to 

heat to a certain degree, pr. par. 

boiling; past, boiled: s. boil, 

BOISTEROUS, adj. Violent, loud, 

roaring, stormy, adv. boisterously: 

s. boisterousness. 
BOLD. adj. Daring, brave, rude. 

adv. boldly: s. boldness: adj. 

BOLE. s. A measure containing six 


BOL'STER. s. Something laid un- 
der the head ; a pad. v. bolster ; 

pr. par. bolstering ; past, bolstered. 
BOLT. 5. An arrow; the bar of a 

door; a sieve, v. bolt; pr. par. 

bolting; past, bolted. 
BOTiUS. s. A kind of large pill. pi. 

BOMB. s. A hollow cannon-ball. 
BOMBARD. V. To attack with 

bombs, pr. par. bombarding ; past, 

bombarded: s. bombard^ bondMr- 

BOM'BAST. s. Inflated language. 

adj. bombastic, bombastical : adv. 

BOND. s. Cords or a chain ; union ; 

imprisonment ; written obligation. 

8. bondage: v. bond; pr. par. 

bonding; past, bonded. 
BONDS'MAN. s. A male slave. 
BONE. s. The solid parts of the 

body of an animal, v. bone ; pr. 
pai. Sont'ng; past, boned: adj. bony. 

public cause of triumph. 
BOJ^-MOT', s. a jest, a witty re. 

ply. Pr. 
BON'NET. s. A species of bat. 
BON'NY. adj. Handsome, pri'.tly. 

adv. bonniiy. 
BOOBY, s. A dull, stupid fellow. 

pi. boobies, 
BOOK. s. A volume in which we 

read or write, v. book; pr. pa& 

booking; past, booked. 
BOOK'BInDER. ». One who binds 

BOOKCASE. 5. A case for holding 

BOOKSELLER. 9. A man who sellf 

BOOK'WORM. s. A worm that 

eats holes in books ; a student too 

closely devoted to books. 
BOOM. s. A lar^e spar, on which « 

sail is spread, v. boom ; pr. par. 

booming; past, boomed. 
BOON. s. A gift, a grant, adj. 60011, 

gav, merry. 
B(X)R. s. A rustic clown, adj. 

boorish; adv. boorishly: s. boor^ 

BOOT. s. Profit, gain; over and 

above; a cover lor the leg. adj. 

booted, bootless. 
BOOTH, s. A temporary house, 

made of boards. 
BOO'TY. s. Plunder, pi. booties. 
BO'RAX. 8. A kind of artificial salt. 
BOR'DER. s. The outer part ot 

edge. 8. borderer: v. border, pr. 

par. bordering ; past, bordered. 
BORE. V. To pierce ; to make hol« 

low. pr. par. boring ; past, boredi 

s. bore, borer. 
BORE. V. Did bear. 
BORNE. Part, passive of the verb 

BOROUGH. 5. An incorporated 

BOR'ROW. V. To take from an 

other, upon credit; to use at 

one's own. pr. par borrowing 
\ past, borrowed: %. bo) rower 



B(ySOM. s. The breast, v. bosom;] 
pr. par bosoming ; past, bosomed. 

BOSS. 5. A stud ; the part rising in 
the midst of any thing, pi. bosses. 

BOTANY. 5. The science of plants, 
adj. botanic, botanical ; adv. botan- 
ically : v. botanize ; pr. par. bota- 
nizing; past, botanized: s. bota- 

BOTCH, s. A part of any thing ill 
Buished ; a bad workman, pi. 
botches: pr. par. botching; past, 
botched : s. botcher. 

BOTH. adj. The two. conj. both. 

BOTHT.R. V. To perplex and con- 
found, pr. par. bothering; past, 
bothered: s. boiherer. 

BOTTLE, s. A vessel with a nar- 
row mouth, to put liquors in ; a 
bundle of hay or grass, v. bottle ; 
pr. par. bottling; past, bottled: s. 

BOT'TOM. ». The lowest part ; the 
ground under the water, v. bot- 
tom; pr. par. bottoming; pabt, 
bottomed: adj. bottomless. 

BOUGH, s. An arm or large shoot 

BOUGHT. Preterit and past part, of 

BOUNCE. V. To fall or fly against 
any thing with great force, so as 
to rebound; to spring, pr. par. 
bouncing; past, bounced: a. 
bounce^ bouncer. 

BOUND. V. To limit ; to terminate, 
pr. par. bounding; past, bounded :\ 
s. bound: adj. boundless: adv. 

BOUND. r.'To jump, to spring, pr. bounding; p^sit^ bounded. 

BOUND'ARY. ». Limit, pi. bound- 

BOUNDTN. adj. Required by con- 

BOUN'TY s. Generositv, pecunia- 
rv encoTiragement. pi. bounties: 
adj. bounteous^ bountiful: adv. I 
hn^tnteoft^i/t bountifully. I 

bouquet! s. A nosegay. FY. pro-' 

notinced boo-kat/. I 

BOURN, s. A bftand, a limit, /, 


BOW. V. To bend, to incline, pi 
par. bowing ; ji^gl, bowed: s. 6oia 

BOW'ELa s. The inner part; in- 

BOWER, s. An arbour. 

BOWL. s. A vessel to hold liquids, 
a basin ; a round mass, which may 
be rolled along the ground, v. 
bowl; pr. par. bowling; past, 
bowled: a. bowler. 

BOWSPRIT. 5. A spar running out 
at the head of a ship. 

BOX. 8. A case made of wood or 
other substance ; a fight.* pi. box- 
es : V. box ; pr. par. boxing ; past, 
boxed : s. boxer. 

BOY. s. A male child. Sid]. boyish: 
adv. boyishly: s. boyishness, boy* 

BRACE. V. To make firm; to bind, 
pr. par. bracing ; past, braced ? 
s. brace, bracer. 

BRACELET, s. An ornament fo. 
the arm. 

BR A'CHMAN. s. A priest of India, 
of the first cast of Gentoos. 

BRACK'ET. s. A piece of wood, 
nailed against a wall, to support 

BRACK'ISH. adj. Having a slight 
flavour of salt. s. brackishness. 

BRAD. s. A sort of nail, with an 
oblong head. 

BRAG. V. To boast ; to display os 
tentatiously. pr. par. bragging 
past, bragged: s. braggart, btag 

BRAID. V. To weave together, pr 
par. braiding; past, braided: s 

BRAIN, s. That collection of vessef* 
and organs in the head, front 
which sense and motion .iri6«. 
adj. brainless: v. brain; pr. par 
braining . past, brained : s. braif' 

BRAKE. *. A thicket of brimbles. 
BRAM'BLE s. Any rough, prickly 


BRAN. s. TheWaWft ot coTti^ ^t^ivtcA* 


BKANCH. 5. The shoot of a tree, 
from one of the main boughs ; a 
smaller river running into a larger ; 
any distinct article, pi. branaus : 
V. hranch; pr. par. branching; 
past, branched: adj. branchless, 

BRAND. 5. A lighted stick ; a mark 
made on a criminal, with a hot 
iron ; a stigma ; a sword, v. 
brand; pr. par. branding; past, 

BRANiyiSH. V. To wave or«hake; 
to flourish, pr. pax. brandishing; 
past, brandished. 

BRANDY, s. A strong liquor, dis- 
tilled from wine. pi. brandies. 

BRA'SIER. 5. A manufacturer that 
works in brass. 

BRASS, s. A yellow metal, made 
by mixing copper with lapis cala- 
mi naris. pi. brasses: adj. brassy. 

BRAT. s. A child, so called in con- 

BRAvA'DO. s. A boast, a brag. pi. 

BR A y EL adj. Courageous, adv. 
bravely : v. brave ; pr. par. brav- 
ing ; past, braved : s. bravery ^ pi. 

BRA'VO. s. A man who murders 
for hire. 

BRAVU'RA. s. A kind of song, re- 
quiring great vocal power. 

BRAWL. V. To quarrel noisily, pr. 
par. brawling; past, brawled: s. 
brawl^ brawler. 

BRAWN. 8. ITie fleshy part of the 
body ; the flesh of a boar, prepar- 
ed in a particular manner, adj. 

BRAY. V. To make a noise as an 
aps. pr. par. braying; past, bray- 
ed: 8. bray^ brayer. 

BRAZE. V. To solder with brass, 
pr. par. brazing ; past, brazed: s. 

BRAZ'EN. adj. Made of brass. 

BREACH, s. A gap ; infraction ; 
quarrel, pr. par. breaching; past, 

DftEAD. s. Food made of ground 


BREADTH. «. The measure of any 
plain superficies, from side to 

BREAK. V. To burst open by force , 
to divide ; to overcome, pr. par. 
breaking ; past, broken : s. break^ 

BREAK'FAST. v. To eat the first 
meal in the day. pr. par. break- 
fasting; past, breakfasted, a. 

BREAST, s. The middle part of the 
human body, between the neck 
and the belly, t. breast ; pr. par. 
breasting; past, breasted. 

BREASTWORK, s. In fortifica- 
tion; — works thrown up as high 
as the breasts of the defenders. 

BREATHE, v. To draw in air by the 
lungs, pr. par. breathing; past, 
breathed: s. breath: adj. breath- 

BRED. Preterit and past part, of th« 
v. breed. 

BREECH'ES. ». The garment worn 
by men, over the lower part ol 
the body and thighs. 

BREED. V. To procreate; to eda 
cate. pr. par. breeding , past, bred 
s. breeds breeding. 

BREEZE, s. A gentle gale, adj 

BRET. *. A kind of turbot. 

BRE'THREN. ». The ancient plu- 
ral of brother. 

BREVE. 8. A term in music. 

BREVET. 5. A rank by brevet, sig. 
nifips a title a degree higher than 
is denoted in the oflicer^s com- 

BREVIARY, s. An abridgment; a 
book containing the daily service 
of the church of Rome. pi. 6re- 

BREVITY, s. Shortness; concise, 
ness. pi. brevities. 

BREW. V. To make liquors by mix* 
ing several ingredients, pr. par. 
brevnng ; past, brewed: s. brewer^ 
brewery, pi breweries. 

BRI'AR, BRI'ER. s. A species uf 
^ iViotny p\aii\... ^y briainj^\ >-ieT>j 


BRIBE, s. A reward given corrupt- 
ly, s. bribery briltery, pi. briberies : 
y. bribe; pr. par. bribing} past, 

BRICK, s, A piece of burned clay, 
used in builaing ; a loaf of bread, 
shaped like a brick, v. brick f pr. bricking i past, bricked. 

BKICK'-KILN. 5. A place to burn 

BRICKLAYER. ». A brick-mason. 

BRIDE. 5. A woman recently mar- 
ried, adj. brifkU. 

BRIDE'GKOOM. 8. A man recently 

BRIDES'MAID. a. She who attends 
upon a bride. 

BRIDGE, s. A building raised over 
water, for the convenience of pas- 
sage ; the prominent part of the 
nose ; the supporter or the strings 
in a lute, liddle, &.c. v. bridge; 
pr. par. bridging; past, bridged. 

BRTDLE. V. To restrain, to govern, 
pr. par. bridling; past, bridled: 
s. bridle^ bridler. 

BRIEF, adj. Short, concise, adv. 
briefly : s. briefness. 

BRI'tR, BRI'AR. s. A species of 
thorny plant, adj. briery, briary. 

BRKx. 5. A vessel with two masts, 
and square rigging. 

BRIG A'DE. s. A division of forces ; 
a body of men. v. brigade ; pr. 
par. brigading; past, brigaded 
adj. brigadier. 

BRIGAND', s. A robber. 

BRKiHT. adj. Shining; full ofl 
light, s. brightness: adv. bright 
ly : V. brighten; pr. par. brighten- 
ing ; past, brightened. 

BRIL'LIANCY. s. Lustre, splen 
dour. pi. brilliancies: adj. bril- 
liant . adv. brilliantly. 

BRIM. s. The edge of a small ves- 

BRIMFUL', adj. Pull to the top. 

BRIM'STONE. *. Sulphur in lumps 
or rolls. 

BRINTyLED. adj. Streaked. 

BRINE. 5. Water impreg-nated with 
tfoJt. adj. An'ny. 


BRING. V. To fetch from ; tn con- 
vey ; to attract ; to draw along 

pr. par. bringing ; past, brought. 
BRINK, s. The edge of any place, 

as of a precipice or river. 
BRISK, adj. Lively, gay, vivid, 

bright, adv. briskly: s. briskness 
BRISK'EN. V. To make brisk, pr 

par. briskening ; past, bnskened. 
BRISKET. 5. The breast of an 

BRISTLE.*. The stiff hair of swine. 

V. bristle ; pr. par. bristling ; past, 

bristled: adv. bristly. 
BRITISH, adj. Relating to Britain. 
BRITTLE, adj. FragUe; apt to 

break, s. brittleness. 
BROACH. V. To pierce a vessel 

to tap ; to suggest ; to utter, pr 

par. broaching; past, broached 

s. brwicher. 
BROAD, adj. Wide, large, open 

gross, adv. broadly: v. broaden 

pr. par. broadening; past, broad 

BROAiySIDE. s. The side of a 

ship; a volley of shot, fired at 

once, from all the guns in the side 

of a ship. 
BROCADE. 8. A species of silken 

stuff, adj. brocadeil. 
BROCCOLI. 5. A upecies of cab- 

BROGUE, s. A kind of shoe ; a 

. cant word for a provincial accent. 
BROIL. V. To cook, by laying on 

the coals, pr. par. broiling , j>ast 

broiled: s. broil, broiler. 
BRaKEN. Past part, of break, a 


depressed in spirit ; grief-worn. 
BROKEN-WIND'ED. adj. Having 

short breath. 
BROKER, s. A factor ; one tha 

does business for another. 
BRCKERAGE. s. The pay or re 

ward of a broker. 
BRONZE, s. Brass; a metal com 

pounded of copper and tin. v 

bronze ; pr. pa,t. bronaiai^ ; '^'QlA^ 




BROOD. ». Offspring; the number 

hatched at once. 
BROOD. V. To sit as on eggs; to 

remain long in anxiety ; to mature 

by care. pr. par. brooding i past, 

BROOK, s. A running water, less 

than a river. 
BROOK. V. To bear, to endure, pr. 

par. brooking ; past, brooked, 

BROOM, s. A small tree ; a besom. 

BROTH, s. Liquor in which flesh is 

BROTH'EL. ». A house of ill fame. 

BRaTHER, s. One born of the 
same father or mother, adj. broth- 

BROTHERHOOD. *. The state or 
quality of being a' brother. 

BROUGHT. Preterit and past part, 
of the V. bririg. 

BROW. s. The arch over the eye ; 
the forehead; the edge or brink 
of anv high place. 

BKOVVlJKAT. V. To bully, pr.par. 
bronbtating » past, browbeaten. 

BROWN, adj. The name of a col- 
our, adj. brovmish. 

BROWSE. V. To eat branches or 
shrubs, pr. par. browsing; past, 
browsed, s. browser. 

BRUISE. V. To crush or mangle 
with a heavy blow. pr. par. bruis- 
i^ f past, bruised. ' s. bruise^ 

BRUIT, s. Rumour, report, v. 
bruit; pr. par. bruiting; past, 

BRU'M AL. adj. Belonging to winter. 

BRUNETTE\ s. A woman with a 
brown complexion. 

BRUNT. 8. Shock; violence. 

BRUSH, s. An instrument used for 
sweeping ; a rude assault ; a 
thicket. V. brush.' pr.par. brush- 
ing ; past, brushed: 9.brusher: 
adj. brushy. 

BRUSH'WOOD. s. Rough, low, 
close thickets. 

BRUTE, s. A creature without rea- 
son, adj. brutal: aidw. brtUally : v. 


brutalize; pr. par. brutahxmg 

past, brutalized. 
BUB'BLE. 8. A smaU bladder oi 

water, v. bubble; pr. par. bvh 

bling; past, bubbled. 
BUC'ANIER. 8. A pirate. 
BUCK. 8. The male of the falloik 

deer, and of some other quadru 

BUCK'ET. 8. A sort of small tub. 
BUCKLE. 8. A link of metal, with 

a tonffue or catch, made to fasten 

one tning to another, v. buckle 

pr. par. budding ; past, bwJcML 
BUCK'LER. s. A shield. 
BUCK'RAM. 8. A sort of stiffened 

BUCK'SKIN. 8. The skin of a buck. 
BUCKWHEAT. «. A species oi 

BUCOL'IC. adj. Pastoral. 
BUD. 8. The first shoot of a plant 

V. bud; pr. par. budding; past| 

BUDGE. V. To stir. pr. par. budg. 

i^gt past, budged. 
BUDG'ET. 8. A bag; a store oi 

BUFF. 8. A sort of leather, pr» 

{)ared from the skin of the buffa> 
o; the colour of the leather, 

which is a very light yellow. 
BUFF. V. To strike, pr. par. btf 

Jing; past, buffed: s. bu-ff'er. 
BUFFALO. 8. A kind of wUd cow. 

pi. buffaloes. 
BUF'FET. 8. A blow with the fist. 

V. birffet ; pr. par. buffeting , past, 

BUFFET. 8. A cup-board. 
BUFFOON'. 8. A man whow pro- 

fession is to make sport, s mif 

foonery^ pi. buffooneries. 
BUG. *. A species of insect 
BUG'BEAR. *. A frightful object. 

hunting horn. 
BU'GLE. 5. A kind of glass orna 

mont, of a cylindrical form. 
BUILD. V. To erect, to rest upon 

pr. pnr. building; past, buiU: n 



BULIf. g. A round body, or root, 
ai/j. bulhmts. 

6UL'F1N(/H. s. A species of sing- 
ing bird. pi. hulfinches. 

RULK. s. M.ignitjde, size. adj. 
bulky: s. Indkiness. 

BULL. s. Tlie male of black cattle; 
a p-ipal mandate. 

BUL'LET. s. A small metal ball. 

BIJLIXTIN. 5. A military or other 
public document. 

BLL'LION. s. Gold or sUver in the 

BUL'LOCK. s. An ox. 

BUL'LY*. s. A noisy, blustering, 
quarrelsome fellow, pi. btdUes: 
T. bully; pr. par. bullying; past, 

BUL'KUSH. 8. A species of large 
rush. pi. bflruskes. 

BUL'WARK s, A bastion ; a forti- 

BUM'BLEliEE. *. The wild bee. 

BUMP. s. A swelling, a protuberance. 

BUMP. V. To make a loud noise; 
to strike against, pr. par. bump- 
ing ; past, bumped, 

BU>IPER. s. A cup filled to the 

BUMPKIN, s. An awkward, heavy 

BUNCH. *. A cluster; a number 

of things tied together, pi. bunch- 

e«.* ad), bunchy 1 s. bunchiness. 
BU.VDLE. s. A number of things 

b«)und together ; a roll. v. bundle ; 

pr. par. bundling ; past, bundled. 
BUNG. s. A stopper for a barrel. 

▼. bung; pr. oar. bimging; past, 

Bl'NG'LE. V. To perform clumsily ; 

to borch. pr. par. bungling; past, 

bungled: s. bungler: adv. bung- 

BUNN. *. A kind of light bread. 
BUNTING. 5. The stuff of which 

a ship*8 colours are made. 
BUOY. 5. A light substance, floating 

on the water, and tied to some 

thing at the bottom, v. buoy; 

pr. par. Intojtn^; pi^^, buoyed. 


BUOTANCY. *. The qualitv o 

floating, pi. buoyancies : adj. Aiiiy 

ant : adv. buoyantly. 
BUR'DEN, BUR'THEN. *. A load, 

something grievous ; the verse re- 
peated in a song, v burden ; pr. 

^SiT. burdening ; pa9l^ burdened . 9, 

ourthen; pr. par. burihening; 

past, burthened : adj. burdensotne^ 

BU'REAU. 8. A chest of drawers. 
BUR'GESS. s. An officer of a cer- 

tain rank in a corporate town ; a 

representative of a borough-tow.«u 

pi. burgesses. 
BURG'LARY. s. Act of feloniously 

entering a house by night, pi. bur* 

glaries. a. burglar: adj. burglari- 

ous; adv. burglariously: s. bur* 

BURG'OMASTER. 5. One employ- 

ed in the government of a city. 
BURLES'QUE. adj. Ludicrous, s. 

burlesque: v. burlesque; pr. par. 

burlesquing ; past, burlesqued : 

s. buriesquer. 
BURLETTA. s. A musical farce. 
BURN. V. To consume or wound 

with fire ; to be on fire. pr. par. 

burning ; past, burned^ Invnt : s. 

bum^ burner. 
BUR'NISH. V. To polish, pr. par. 

burnishing; past, burnished, s. 

burnish^ burnisher. 
BURR. s. The rough head of a cer 

tain plant. 
BUR'ROW. V. To mine as rabbits. 

pr. par. burrowing; past, bur- 
rowed: s. burrow. 
BURST. V. To break suddenly, pr. 

par. bursting; past, burst. 
BURTHEN, s. See Bubden. 
BURT. V. To inter ; to put into a 

grave, pr. par. burying; past, 

buried: s-. hirial. 
BUSH. s. A thick shrub, pi. bushes 

adj. bushy: s. bushiness. 
BUSHEL, s. \ measure containing 

eicrht (gallons. 
BUS'KIN. s. A kind of half-boot, 

a shoe, worn by Ihcatvcvetvl «fiX«t« 

of tragedy, ady buskined. 

RUST. 5. A svatue, representing a 

person as far as the breast. 

BUS'TARD. s. A wild turk»jy. 

BUS'TLE. V. To Ue busy; to stir 
pr. yt^T. l/ustling past, 6u«</ed.« s. 
bustle, busVer. 

BUS'Y. adj. Fully employed ; bust- 
ling ; meddling, v. busy ; pr. par. 
buttying; past, busied: adv. busi- 
ly : s- business. 

Birr. A conjunction ; a preposition. 

BUTCH'ER. s. One who kills do- 
mestic animals for the purpose of 
food. V. butcher ; pr. par. butcher- 
ing ; past, butchered: adj. butch- 
erly : 8. butchery, pi. butcheries. 

BUTLER- s. A servant who takes 
care of the wines, and superin- 
tends the table. 

BUT'-END. s. The blunt end. 

f^UTMENT. 5. That part of an 
arch which joins it to the upright 

BUTT. 5. A mark to shoot at; a 
blow given by a horned animal ; a 
large barrel. 

IJUTT. V. To strike with the head, 
pr. par. butting ; past, butted. 

IJUTTER. 5. An unctuous sub- 
stance, made from milk. s. butte- 
ry, pi. butteries: v. butter; pr. 
par. buttering ; past, buttered. 


BUTTERFLY, s. A kind of beai>- 

tiful insect, pi. butterflies. 
BUT'TOx\. s. A kind of knob oi 

ball. V. button ; pr. par. bvMonin^i 

past, buttoned : s. buttoner. 
BUTTON-HOLE. s. A bole to 

catch the button. 
BUTTRESS, s. A wall built to sup- 

port another wall. pi. buttresses. 
BUX'OM. adj. Gay, lively. 
BUY. V. To purchase, to acquire bj 

paying for. pr. par. buying ; past, 

bought: s. buyer. 
BUZZ. V. To hum, to whisper, pr 

par. buzzing; past, buzzed: 9- 


BUZZARD, s. A species of hawk. 

BY. A preposition. 

BY'-CORNER. s. A private cornet 

BY'-LANE. s. A lane oat of the 
usual road. 

BY'-LAW. s, A law made to regu 
late the business of a corporation 

BY'-PATH. s. A private or obscure 

BY'-ROAD. *. An obscure road. 
B Y'STANDER. s. A looker-on ; on€ 

BY'- WORD. s. A saying, a proverb 

jBYRE. 5. A cow-house. 



CABAL', s. The secret science of 
the Hebrew rabbins; a body of 
men united in some close design ; 
intrigue, s. caitaller; adj. cahcUis- 
tic, cabcUistical : v. *:abal ; pr. par. 
cabalUng ; past, caballed. 

CAB'BAGE. s. A species of culina- 
ry vegetable. 

CAB'BAGE. V. To steal in cutting 
clothes, pr. par. cabbaging ; past, 
cabbaged : s. cabbage, cabbager. 

CAB'IN. s. A small chamber in a 
ship ; a cottage. 

CAB'INET. s. A set of boxes or 

timwera for curiosities ; a privalell a corpse.. 


loom in which consultations arn 
held ; ministers of state, a^tscm 
bled in council. 

CA'Bl K. s. The great rope of a 
ship, 1p which the anchor is fas^ 

CABRIOLET. *. An open carriage 

CACK'LE. V. To make a noise like 
a hen. pr. par- cackling; past, 
cackled : s. cackle, cackler. 

CACaPHONY. 5. A bad sound o. 
words, pi. cacophonies. 

CADAVEROUS, adj. Looking like 



CAD'ENCE 5. Fall; state of sink- 
ing ; decline. 

CADET*, s. A person who serves 
in expectation of an office. 

CA'DI. 5. A magistrate amongst the 

CVDU'CEUS. s. The rod or^wand 
with which Mercury is depicted. 

C.ESU'RA. «. A figure in poetry, 
by which a short syllable afler a 
complete foot, is made long; a 
pause, adj. OBsural. 

CXGE. s. An inclosure of twigs, 
wires, or bars, in which animals 
are confined, v. cagpc; pr. par. 
cuffing ; past, caged. 

CAIKN. s. A heap of stones. 

CAJOLE'. V. To flatter; to cheat, 
pr. par. cajoling , past, cajoled : s. 
cajolery cajolery^ pi. cajoleries. 

CAl'TIFF. s. A mean villain. 

CAKC. s. Something of a form 
rather flat than high; a kind of] 
delicate bread, v. cake ; pr. par. 
caking; past, caked. 

CALABASH', s. A species of large 
gourd, pi. calabashes. 

CALAMANCO, s. A kind of wool- 
len stntf. pi. calamancoes. 

CALAM'lTY. s. Sudden misfortune, 
pi. calamities: adj. calamitous: 
adv. calamitously. 

CALASH', s. A small carriage of 
pleasure, pi. calashes. 

CALCAREOUS, a/;. Of the nature 
of lime. 

CALCl'NE. V. To reduce to a calx. 
pr. calcining f past, calcined: 
adj. calcinnhle: s. calcination. 

CAL'CULATE. v. To enumerate, 
f* conjecture, pr. par. calculating,', calculated: adj. calculabk 
8. calculation^ calculator. 

CAL'DRON. *. A pot, a boiler. 

CALEDONIAN, adj. Relating to 

CALENDAR. 5. A register of the 

CAL'ENDiilR. s. A machine formed 
of rollers, in which cloth is press 
ed. v. calender ; pr. par. calender 
V pastf aUenMrea. 


CAL'ENTURE. ». A distemper oe- 

culiar to sailors in hot climates 
CALF. s. The young of a cow ; 

the thick part of the leg. pi. 

CAL'IBER. 5. The bore of a gun. 
CAL'ICO. s. A kind of cloth, mado 

of cotton, pi. calicoes. 
CA'LIPH. 5. A title assumed oy 

the successors of Mahcmt-t, 

amongst the Saracens. 
CALIDITY. s. Heat. pi. calidiiies. 

parts of a turtle. 
CALL. V. To summon, to name. 

pr. par. calling; past, called: s. 

call^ calling. 
CAL'LIPERS. s. An instrument foi 

measuring the diameter of a cylin- 
CAL'LOUS. adj. Indurated, hard- 
ened, insensible, s. callosity^ pi. 

callosities: adv. callously: s. cal- 

CAL'LOW. adj. Without feathers, 

CALM. V. To allav, to ruict, to 

pacify, pr. par. calming; past, 

calmed: s. calm^ calmer: adj 

calm : adv. calmly. 
CALOMEL, s. Mercurv sublimed. 
CALOR'IC. s. The modern chymi- 

cal name of heat. adj. calorijic. 
CALORIM'ETER. *. An instrument 

for ascertaining the quantity ol 

disengaged heat. 
CALUMNY, s. Slander, false 

charge, pi. calumnies: s. calum- 

niationy calumniator: adj. caiumf 

nious : adv. calumniously. 
CALVE. V. To produce a calf pr. 

par. calving ; past, calved. 
CAL'VINISM. s. The docirine of 

Calvin, s. calvtnist; adj. calvinis- 

CALX. 8. Any thing rendered redu- 
cible to powder, by burning pi. 

CA'LYX. s. The cup of a plant, pi. 

CAMB'LET. 8. k Vaiv^ o^ cViV\v 
(CAM'BRIC. 8. KVAiid o? ^ti«N\vo»tiE^ 



f'AME. Preterit of the v. come. 

CAM'EL. 8. A species of beast of 

CAiMEL'OPARD. s. A species of 
quadruped, sometimes called a 

(/AM'EO. s. A stone, with various 
figures and representations of 
landscapes, formed by nature. 

CAM'ERA-OBSCU'RA. s, A spe- 
cies of optical machine. 

CAMP. s. A number of military 
tents. V. encamp. 

CAxMPAIGxY. 5. The period of an 
army*s operations in the field, dur- 
ing one season, v. campaign : pr. 
par. campaigning; past, campaign- 
ed: b. campaigner. 

CAMPES'TRaL adj. Growing in 
fields ; relating or belonging to a 

CAM'PHIRE. 5. A kind of resin, 
adj. camphirated. 

CAls. s. a cup ; a vessel for carry- 
ine liquids. 

CAN. V. To be able. 

CANAIL'LE. s. The very lowest of 
the people ; the rabble. 

CAiNAL'. 5. An artificial water- 
course ; a conduit, through which 
any of the juices of the body flow. 

CAN'CEL. V. To cross a piece of 
writing; to obliterate, pr. par. 
canceling f past, canceled, s. can- 

C.\N'CER. 5. A corroding, incura- 
ble sore. adj. cancerous. 

CANDID, adj. Sincere, fair, open, 
ingenuous, adv. candidly: s. can- 

CAN DIDATE. s. A suitor for any 
place of honour or profit. 

CAN'DLE. s. A light made of wax 
or tallow. 

CANDLESTICK. ». The instrument 
which holds a caudle. 

CANDLEMAS, s. The feast of the 

purification of the Virgin Mary, 

which was celebrated with many 

lights in the churches, pi. candle- 



CAN'DOUR.«. Ingenuous less; open 

CAN'DY. V. To become congealed 
pr. par. candying; past, candied; 
s. candy, pi. candies. 

CANE. s. A kind of strong reed. v. 
cane; pr. par. caning; past, 

CANI'NE adj. Relating or belong- 
ing to a dog. 

CAN'ISTER. s. A case, now gene 
rally made of tin ; but formerly 
of canes. 

CANK'ER. s. A worm that destroys 
fruit ; something corrosive, v. 
canker; pr. uar. cankering ; past, 
cankered: aoj. cankerous. 

CAN'NIBAL. s. A person who eats 
human flesh, s. cannibalism, 

CAN'NON. s. A great gun. 

CANNONA'DE. v. To attack or bat- 
ter with cannon, pr. par. cannon* 
ading; past, cannonaded: s. can- 
nonade, cannonading. 

CANCKE. s. A small boat, made of 
the trunk of a tree. 

CAN'ON. s. A rule ; a church law ; 
a dignitary in cathedral churches, 
adj. canonical: adv. canonically: 
s. canonicals. 

CAN'ONESS. s. In popish countries, 
women living after the example 
of secular canons, pi. canonesses, 

CAN'ONIZE. V. To declare any 
person & saint, pr. par. canonizing, 
past, canonized: s. canonization. 

CAN'OPY. s. A covering spread 
over the head. pi. canopies: adj. 

CANT. s. A peculiar form of speak* 
ing; a whining pretension to 
goodness ; barbarous jnrgon ; aoc- 
tion. s, canter: v. cajit; pr. par. 
canting; past, canted. 

CANTEE'N. s. A small vessel, in 
which a soldier carries something 
for drinking. 

CANTER. V. To gallop gently, pr. 
par. cantering; past, cantered: s. 
canter, canterer. 

CANTHAR'IDES. s. Spanish flies, 
I , u ied lo nAse \»Vv^e,T«. 



CAN'TICLE. 3, A song ; the lODg 
of Solomon. 

CAN' TO. s. A certain division of a 
poem. pi. eanioes. 

CANTON, CANTON', v. To dis- 
tribute an army over a district, pr. 
par. cantoning ; past, cantoned : s. 
canton, cantonment. 

CAN'VASS. V. To solicit, to exam- 
ine, pr. par. canvassing f past, 
canvassed : s. canoa^s^ camoasser. 

CANZONET, s. A little soncr. 

CAP. s. A cover for the head; the 
topmost ; the highest, v. cap ; pr. 
par. capfting; past, capped, 

CATABLE. <m/;. Endued with suf. 
ficieiit power; able; capacious. 
8. capability^ pi. capabilities, 

CAPA'CIOUS. adj. Capable of con- 
taining much ; internally lai^e. 
adv. capaciously: s. capacity^ pi. 

CAP a pi, CAP a pie. From head 
to foot. 

CAPAR'ISON. *. A sort of cover 
' for a horse ; a pompous dress, v. 
caparison ; pr. par. caparisoning ; 
past, caparisoned. 

CAPE s. Headland; promontory; 
the neck-piece of a cloak or coat. 

CATER, s. A leap, a jump ; an 
acid pickle, v. caper ; pr. par. ca- 
pering ; past, capered: s. caperer. 

CAPILLA'IRE. s. A kind of syrup. 

CAPIL'LARY. adj. Resembling 
hairs; relating to very small 

CAPITAL. *. Head of a pillar; 
chief town ; stock of a trader or 
company, s. capitalist. 

CAPITAL, adj. Relating to the 
head; affecting the life; chief, 
principal, adv. capitally. 

CAPITATION. *. Numeration by 

CAPITOL, s. The temple of Ju- 
piter, at Rome; a building in 
iwhich the legislature holds its 

CAPITULATE, v. To surrender 
hj^ Bffreejnent. pr. par, captiuiat'll 


tngf past, capitulated s. eapitu- 

CATON. s. A castrated domestic 

CAPOU'CH. s. A monk's hood. 

CAPRI'CE. s. Freak, fancy, whim, 
adj. capricious: adv. capriciously: 
s. eapriciousness. 

CATRICORN. s. A sign of the zo- 

CAPSTAN, s. In sea language, the 
cylinder or windlass used for 
winding up a ffreat weight. 

CAPTAIN, s. A commander: the 
commander of a ship, or of a com- 
pany of soldiers, s. captaincy, pL 

CAPTIOUS, adj. Eager to object; 
ensnaring; caviling, adv. cap 
tiously : s. captiousness. 

CAPTIVATE. V. To deliffht high 
lyi (figuratively) to enslave, pr 
par. captivating ; past, captivated. 
8. captivater, captivation. 

CAPTIVE, s. One taken in war; s 
prisoner, s. captivity, pi. captivi' 

CAPTOR, s. He that takes a pris- 
oner, or prize, s. capture. 

CAPTURE, y. To seize in war. pr. 
par. capturing { past, captured: s 

CAPUCHIN, s. A monk of the re 
formed order of Franciscans. 

CAR. s. A sort of carriajre. 

kind of fire-arms. 

CAR'AVAN. *. Abody of merchants 
or pilgrims. 

CARAVANSARY, s. A house built 
for the reception of travellers, in 
the east. pi. caravatisaries. 

CARAVEL', s. A kind of ship, for- 
merly used by the Spanish. 

CAR' A WAY. s. A kind of aromatic 

CAR'BON. s. Charcoal, pure coaL 
adj. carbonaceous, carbonic. 

CAR'BUNCLE. s. A jewel which 
shines in the dark ; a red spot or 
pimple, on the body. ad^. carlmt^ 


CARCASS, s. T>ie dead body of| 
an animal ; (in gunnery) a kind of 
bomb. pi. carcasses, 

CARD. s. A piece of very thick pa- 
per ; a paper printed with figures, 
used in games: an instrument with 
which wool and flax are combed, 
s. carder: v. card; pr. par. car(2- 
<*'>§' ? past, carded. 

CARDINAL, adj. Principal, chief. 

CAR'DINAL. s. One of the chief 
governors of the Roman church. 

CARDIN'ALATE. a. The office of 

CARE. 8. Solicitude, anxiety, con- 
cern, regard, heed. y. care; pr. 
par. canng; past, cared: adj. 
cartful^ careless: s. careftUness : 
adv. carefuUyy carelessly. 

CAREEN'. V. To lay a vessel on 
one side, in order to repair the 
other, pr. par. careening; oast, 

CAREER'. «. A race; course of 
rapid action, v. career; pr. par. 
careering; past, careered. 

CARESS'. V. To treat in a kind, or 
loving manner, pr. par. caressing; 
past, caressed: s. caress^ pi. ca- 

CAR'ET. s. A grammatical point 
(a)i deioting that something is 
omitted in its right place. 

CaR'GO. s. The lading of a ship, 
pi. cargoes. 

CARICATURE', s. A ridiculous 
representation of a person, or a 
circumstance, v. caricature; pr. 
par. caricaturing; past, carica- 
tured: a. caricaturist 

CAR'IOUS. adj. Decayed ; rotten. 

CAR'MELITE. s. A white friar. 

CARMIN'ATIVE. s. A medicine 

^or expelling wind. 
CARMI'NE. *. A powder of bright 

red, or crimson colour. 

CAR'NAGE. s. Heaps of flesh; im- 
mense slaughter. 

CAR'NAL. adj. Fleshly, not spirit- 
•lal. adv. cnmalhf. 

CARyATION. s. The nume of the 


natural flesh colour ; tSe nanui of 

a pink flower. 
CAR'NIVAL. s. A feast before lent 
CARNIVOROUS, adj. Having a 

natural inclination to eat flesh. 

adv. camivorously. 
CAR'OL. V. To sing, to warble. 

pr. par. caroUng; past, caroled. 

8. carol. 
CAROU'SE. V. To drink ; to keep a 

festival, pr. par. carousir^ , past, 

caroused: s. carousal^ carouser, 
CARP. 8. A kind of fish. 
CARP. V. To cavil, to censure, pr. 

par. carping; past, carped: u. 

carp^ carper. 
CAR'PENTER. s. An artificer hi 

CARTET. 8. A cover for a floor, v. 

carpet; pr. par. carpeting; past, 

CClfT3€ fed 

CAR'RIAGE. s. A vehicle, beha- 
viour, conduct ; act of carrying. 

CAR'RION. s. Flesh unfit for tht 
food of man. 

CARRON A'DE. s. A very short can- 
non, used for discharging grape* 

CAR'ROT. 8. A garden root. 

CAR'RY. V. To convey from a place; 
to bear. pr. par. carrying; past| 
carried : s. carrier. 

CART. 8. A kind of carriage with 
two wheels, s. carter^ cartage 
V. cart J pr. par. carting; past, 

CARTE-BLANCHE'. 8. An unlim- 
ited commission. 

CARTEL'. *. A writing containing 
stipulations between enemies, 
generally relating to an trxchange 
of prisoners; a vessel sailing un« 
der those stipulations, v. cartel; 
pr. par. cartelling ; past, cartelkd. 

CARTE'SIAN. adj. Relating to the 
philosophy of Des Cartes. 

CARTHU'SIAN. 8. A monk of the 

CAR'TILAGE. s. A smooth and 
solid bodv, softer thjin a bone, but 
harder than a ligament, adj. car- 


CARTOON*. $. A painting or draw- 
ing on large paper. 

CARTOUCH'. a. A box to hold 

CARTRIDGE. ». A gun-charge, 
generally in paper. 

CARTWRIGHT. *. A maker of| 

CARVE. V. To cut wood, stone, or 
meat ; to engrave, pr. par. earo- 
ing; past, carved: s. carver, 

CASCA'DE. s. A waterfall. 

CASE. s. Condition, with regard to 
outward circumstances, state, 
contingence; question: Tariation 
of nouns ; a sort of cover. 

CASE. V. To inclose in a case. pr. 
par. casing; past, cased. 

CASE'MATE. s. In fortification, a 
subterraneous or covered arch- 
work, adj. casemaied. 

CASE'lVfENT. «. A window opening 
upon hinges. 

CASH. s. Money, s. cashier: v. 
cash; pr. par. cashing; past, 

CASHIETI. V. To discard ; to dis- 
miss from a military office, pr. 
par. cashiering; past, cashierecL 

CASK. 8. A barrel, v. cosA:/ pr. par. 
cashing; past, cashed. 

CASKTT. s. A small box or chest, 
for jewels. 

CAS'SlA. s. A sweet spice. 

CASSI'NO. *. A game at cards. 

CASS'IOWARY. s. A large bird of 
prey. pi. cassiowaries. 

CAS'SOCK. *. A close garment. 

CAST. V. To throw away, to shed, 
to compute, to contrive, pr. par. 
casting; past, ca5<.* b. cast^ caster. 

CASTANET, s. Small shells of 
ivory, or hard wood, which dan- 
cers rattle in their hands. 

CASTE, s. In India, a term denot- 
insr a certain rank in life. 

CASTELLATED, adj. Having tur- 
rets and bnttlements like a castle. 

CASTIGATE. V. To chastise, lo 
punish pr. par. castigaiir^ ; past, 
tastignted: s. castigalion: adj. 
§astfj'al4f/yc jl 


CASTLE, s. A fortified house, adj. 

CAS'TOR OIL. s. An oil extracted 
from the palma-christi. 

of measuring and laying out the 
ground for an encampment. 

CA'SUAL. adj. Accidental ; arising 
from chance, adv. casually: s. 
casualty^, pL casualties. 

CA'SUIST. s. One who justifies evil 
actions by argument, adj. casuisti- 
cal: adv. casuistically : s. casuis' 
try, casuistries. 

CAT. s. An animal of the feline 

CATACHRESIS. s. Abuse of 
words, pi. catachreses : adj. cola- 
chresticcu; adv. catachresticxiUy. 

CATACOMBS, s. Subterrancoa 
cavities for the burial of the dead. 

CATALOGUE, a. An enumeration 
of particulars ; a list. 

CATAPLASM, s. A poultice. 

CATAPULTA. s. An engine used 
anciently to throw stones. 

CATARACT, s. A waterfall. 

CATARRH', s. An issue of humour 
from the glands, adj. catarrhal 

CATASTROPHE, s. Terminating 
event ; unhappy conclusion. 

CATCALL, s. A squeaking instru- 
ment, sometimes used in theatres 
to condemn a plav. s. catcalling 

CATCH. V. To lay hold of, to seize, 
to ensnare, pr. par. catching; past, 

CATCH, s. Seizure; advantage 
taken ; thing caught : a sort of 
hook ; a kind of song. pi. catches. 

CATCHPENNY, s. A worthless 
pamphlet, calculated to gain mon- 
ey, pi. catchpennies. 

CATCHTOLL. s. A common bailiff. 

CATECHISE. V. To question mi. 
nutely. pr. par. catechising; past, 
catechised: s. catechifer^ catechism ^ 
catechist: adj. catechistical : adv. 

CATEGOR'ICAL. adj. Absolute, 
direct, ad^. categoricalbu. 

CATEtiORY. 1. A clan, in ordei 

or ideal, pi. caUgona. 
CATflNA'RlAN. aij. Beumblii.g ; 


tained by leivea «nd fraila. 

GATES. ). Viandii ibod. 

CATGUT. ». A Wiing for mu 
initruiDCDtB, mule rrom Ihc t 
tins or in animal ; a ipecii 


CAU'TEBV. 1. Aninttrai 
by sureooni, for burning 

CAUTION. V. Pindence, roiencot, 
uDiipection ; warning, v. ov- 
,- ;)r. par. caulioning; put. 
Honed: adj. cavtionary, cou- 


of a diocnae. 
CATH'OLrC. a>J. Oni 

tal. ». qkAoKc, c-"-' 

CATTLdl t. DomaatiCBted b 

CATSUP, i. A poignant li. 
made Tram muihroonu, and i 
other vegelablc* 

CAUGHT. Preterit and puil pan. 

CAULIFLOWER, i. A ipecipa of 

CAUSE^^j. That which eRecta; 
■ubjeet of litigation ; party, v. 
cniM,- pr. par. cavstnffi post, 
caujcd: ffdj. cavxdt eavacUsm ndv. 

CAULK. v.'To slop the leamB ofa 
ship. \,t. par. cnuttin^-; past, 
timlkti a. couttrr. 

CAirSEWAY. J. AwnyraiBPdanH 
psTed aboTs the real or tht 

CAUSTIC. orfj.Destroyine the tei- 
ture of any thing, by ita hoi, cor- 

CAVALrEB. (. A horeeman « 

CAVALI'ER. odj. Warlike, biugh 

tv. adv. civeaiKrly. 
CAVALRY. J. Men monried on 

CAW. V. To cry aa a crow; pr.par. 
CAZl'qUF.. 'j. AchbforihoSouth 

CE'DAR. I. A apecin of tree. 
CEDE, D, To yield, to Baalgn by 
virtue of treaty, pr. par. adiag ■ 

:EIL.'i>. TocOTertheinnerroorol 

a building, pr. par. ailmg; put, 

ailed: a, reiimg. 

CFl.'F.BRATK v. To eolcmniie, to 

keramoui. pr. pat. teUhrating , 

t. crkhratedi e. cdibratuni, ctl 

liar, celibrily. pi. reIeMii/$. 

CELERITY. ». SwifliHae, apeed, 

v^loeilv, ciespateh. pi. attrilla. 
CEL'EllV. J. AepecieaofcUiiurj 
regetablc. pi. CfJeWu. 


CELESTIAL, adj. Heavenly, -e- 
lating to the upper regions adv. 

CEL'IBXCY. s. Unmarried state, 
pi. celibacies, 

CELL. 8. A small cavity or hollow 
place; the cave or httle habita- 
tion of a religious person, adj. 

EL'LAR. s. A subterraneous apart- 
ment, s. cdUra^e. 
EL'LC/LAR. adf Consisting of lit- 
tle cells or cavities. 

CELTIC, adj. Relating to the Celts. 

CE'MEiVT. s. Cohesive matter; 
bond of union, v. cement; pr. par. 
cementing; pzai, cemented: s. ce- 
menUttion, cementer. 

CEM'ETERY. 5. A place for the 
dead. pi. cemeteries. 

of a religions order, who lives in 
a convent, or in a community, un- 
der a certain rule ; in opposition 
to a hermit, who lives in solitude, 
adj. ccnobitical : adv. ccnobiticaUy. 

CEN'OTAPH. s. An empty tomb, 
erected in honour of a person 
buried at another place. 

CEN'SER. s. A vessel in which in- 
cense is burned. 

CEN'SOR. s. One empowered to 
correct manners, adj. censorial^ 
censorian: adv. censonaUy : s. 

CEXSORIOUS. adj. Addicted to 
censure ; severe, adv. censorious- 
/'/,* 8. censoriousness. 

CE.VSURE. *. Blame, reprimand, 
reproach, v. cenvire; pr. par. cen- 
suring ; past, censurea: adj. cen- 
surable: s. censurer. 

CEySUS. s. An account of the in- 
habitantfl, made by public authori- 
tv. Latin pi. census. 

rENT. s. A hundred, a coin equal 
to the hundredth part of a dollar. 

CENTAUR. *. An imaginary being, 
suppoited to be compounded of a 
man and a horse ; the archer in 
the zodia**^ jj 


CENTENARY, adj. The numbtr 
of a hundred, s. centenaricui : adj. 

CENTIPEDE. *. An insect with 
many feet. 

CENTRE, s. The middle; that 
which is equally distant from ail 
extremities, adj. central: s. ctn- 
traHty: adv. centrally: v. centre; 
or. par. centring ; past, centrid. 

CENTRIFUGAL, adj. Hecetiing 
from the centre, adv. centrij'u 

CENTRIPETAL, adj. Approacn- 
ing the centre, adv. ceninpetally. 

CEiVTRIPLE. adj. A hundred-Jbhl. 

CENTU'RiON. s. A Roman officii 
who commanded a hundred men. 

CENTURY, s. A hundred ; a hun- 
dred years, pi. centuries. 

CEPHAL'IC. adj. Medicinal to the 

CERATE s. An ointment made ol 
wax. adj. cerated. 

CERECLOTH, s. Cloth dipped in 
wax or gum. 

CEREMONY, s. Outward rite; ex 
ternal form in religion, or state, 
pi. ceremonies: adj. ceremonial^ 
ceremonious: adv. ceremoniously: 
s. ceremoniousness. 

CERTAIN, adj. Sure, indubitable, 
determined, adv. certainly : b. cer- 
tainty^ pi. certainties. 

CERTIFICATE. *. Written tcsti 
mony. adj. certificated. 

CERTIFY. V. To make a formal 
attestation, pr. par. certifying ^ 
past, certified: s. certification^ cer 

CERUXEAN. adj. Sky-coloured j 
li(rht blue. 

CERUMEN, s. The wax fonned In 
the ear. 

CESS. s. A levy upon the inhabit- 
ants of a place, according to 
their property, pi. cesses : v. cess 
pr. par. ceasing ; past, cessed 

CESSATION. *. Act of ceasing; 
stop; suspension of action. 

CES'SION. s. Aclofced\w^\-wsi 
nation ; ossignmeDX. 


CES I US. s. The girdle of Venus. 

(;ETA'CE(3US. adj. Of the whale 

CHAFE, jj. To heat by nibbing; to 
make angry; to fret. pr. par. 
chafing; past, chafed: s. dhajer. 

CHAFF, s. The husks of oats, &c. 

CHAF'FINCH. s. A species of bird, 
pi. chaffinches. 

CHA'FIiNG-DISH. s. A portable 
grate for coals, pi. chafing-dishes. 

CHAGRIN', s. Ill humour, vexa- 
tion. V. chagrin ; pr. par. chagrin- 
ing; past, chagrined. 

CHAIN. V. To fasten, to link, to 
unite, pr. par. chaining ,• past, 
chained: s. chain. 

CHAIN'-SHOT. s. Two balls fasten- 
ed together by a chain. 

CHAIR, s. A moveable seat; a 
seat of authority ; a sedan, v. 
chair; pr. par. chairing; past, 

CHAIRMAN, s. The president of 
an assembly ; one whose trade it 
is to carry a chair. 

CHAISE, s. A sort of carriage. 

An English measure of coals, con- 
taining 36 bushels. 

CHAL'ICE. s. A sacramental cup. 

CHALK, s. A species of calcareous 
fossil, pr. par. chalking; past, 
chalked: 7i6\.chdlhi : b. chalktness. 

CHAL'LENGE. v. To call another 
to answer for an offence, by com- 
bat ; to accuse ; to object to. pr. 
par. challenging; past, challeng- 
ed: 6. challenge^ challenger: adj. 

CHALYB'EATE. adj. Impregnated 
with iron or steel. 

CH AM A'DE. s. The beat of a drum, 
indicating a desire for a parley. 

CHAM'BER. s. An apartment. 

CHAM'BERLAIN. s. An officer ofl 

CHAM'BER-MAID. s. A female 
who attends in a bed-chamber. 

CHAMELEON. *. An animal which 

i« iiaid to assume the colour of 

:/fose things to which it is applied. 


CHAM'OIS. s, A kind of soft leath 

CHAM'OMILE. s. The name of an 

odoriferous plant. 
CHAMK V. To bite with a frequent 

action of the teeth, pr. par. 

champing; past, champed. 
CHAMPAIGN', s, A kind of wine; 

a flat open country. 
CHAMPAIGN', adj. Relating to a 

flat open country. 
CHAMTION. s. A warrior; on« 

who engages in single combat. 
chance!, s. Fortune, accident v. 

chance ; pr. par. chancing ; past, 

CHAN'CEL. s. The place in a 

church where the altar stands. 
CHANCELLOR, s. An officer cf 

the highest power and dignity in 

the English courts of law ; an of* 

ficer of high rank in universities. 
CHAN'CERY. s. A court of equity 

and conscience, pi. chanceries. 
CHANDELIE'R. s. A branch foi 


CHAN'DLER. s. A maker of can 
dies; a seller of corn, and of things 
required for the use of ships, s. 
chandlery^ pi. chandleries. 

CHANGE. V. To alter ; to put one 
thing in place of another, pr. par* 
changing; past, changed: b» 
change: adj. changeable: adv. 
changeably: s. changeableness. 

CHAN'NEL. s. The hollow bed oi 
running waters; a strait or nar- 
row sea; a gutter or furrow, v 
channel; pr. par. channeling; post, 

CHANT. V. To sing ; to sing in the 
cathedral service, pr. par. chant 
i^S i past, chanted i s. chani^ 
chanter y chaniress^ pi. chantresses, 

CHANTICLEER, s. A name given 
to the house-cock. 

CHANT'RY. s. A chapel endowed 
with revenue, for priests to sing 
mass for the souls of the donors, 
pi. cfuintnM. 


CHA'OS. $, A confused mam or 
mixture, adj. chaotic: adv. cka- 

CHAPEAU'. 8. The French name 
tor hoL 

CKAPEU a. A species of church. 

CHA'PEROiN. V. To attend on a la- 
dy, in a public assembly, pr. par. 
chaperoning; -past^ chaperoned, 
HA PLAIN, s. He that attends 
the king, or other great person, or 
body of men, to perform divine 
service, s. cAof/aincy, the office 
of a chaplain ; pi. chaplaincies. 
HAPLET. 5. A garland or wreath 
for the head. 

CHAPMAN. 8, A petty merchant. 

CHAPTER, s, A division of a book ; 
an assembly of the clergy of a ca- 
thednd or collegiate church. 

CHAR. 5. A kind of fish. 

CHAR. V, To burn to a black cin- 
der ; to work by the day. pr. par. 
r/iam/ig*; past, charred: n. char. 

CHARACTER, s. A mark; a 
stamp ; a letter used in writing or 
printing, adj. characteristic: v. 
characterise ; pr. par. characteris- 
ing; past, characterised. 

CHARA'DE. *. A species of riddle, 
ustially in verse. 

CHAR'CXJAL. s. Coal made by 
biiruin? wood under turf. 

CHARGE. V. To entrust; to com- 
mission for a certain purpose; to 
accuse ; to censure ; to load a 
gun ; to place to account, pr. par. 
charging; past, charged: s. charge: 
adj. chargealtle. adv. chargeably. 

CHAR'GER. 5. A large dish; the 
horse of a cavalry soldier ; an in- 
strument used in charging a gun. 

CHAR'IOT. s. A carriage of pleas- 

' ure or state, s. charioteer. 

CHAR'ITY. s. Tenderness, kind- 
ness, love, benevolence, alms, 
liberality to the poor. \t\. charities: 
adj. charitdJile : aJv. cfuirititbly, 

CHARLATAN', s. A quack, or 
mountebank, adj. charlatanical: 
M. {Aarltt/anry^ pi. charlatanries. \ 


CHARiM. «. Words or philires 
imagined to have some occult 
power ; delight, beauty. «. c/Mirr/t- 
er : V. charm ; pr. par. charming ; 
past, charmed: adv. charmingly. 

CHAR'NEI^HOUSE. s. A «ep(,si 
tory of human bones. 

CHAKT. s. a map for seamen ; a 
delineation of coasts. 

CHARTER, s. Written cv-dence, 
legal power of incorporation ; ex- 
emption. V. charier; pr. par. 
chartering; past, chartered. 

CHASE. V. To hunt ; to pursue .la 
an enemy ; to drive away. pr. par. 
chasing; past, chased: s. cfuute^ 

CHASM, s. A cleft; a place un> 

CHASTE, adj. Pure, uncorrupt, 
undefiled. v. chasten; pr. par 
chastening; past, chastened: adv 
chastely ; s. chastity^ pi. chastities 

CHASTl'SE. V. To punish ; to re- 
duce to order or obedience, pr 
par. chastising; past, cfiasiiscd 
s. chastisement. 

CHAT. V. To prate; to converse 
at ease. pr. par. chatting; ])a8t, 
chatted: s. chat^ chatter: adj. 

CHATEAU*, s. A castle; a stately 

CHATTEL, s. Moveable property ; 
real estate not freehold. 

CHATTER. V. To make a noise 
as a pie, or other unharmonious 
bird ; to talk idly or careless.y 
pr. par. chattering; past, chatter 
ed: s. chatter^ chatterer. 

CHAUNT. V. See Chant. 

CHEAP, adj. To be had at a low 
rate; easy to he had;. not respect 
ed. adv. cheapiy: s. cheapness. 

CHEAPEN. V. To ask the price 
to lessen the value, pr par. cheap 
ening ; past, cheapened: s. heap 

CHEAT. V. To defraud, to impow 
upon, to trick, yt. \^ar. cKeatinfj 
past, cheated : s. cKeat^ dneoUir. 


CHECK. V. To repress, to curb, to 
reprove, to chide ; to control ; to 
draw upon a bank. pr. par. check- 
*»*§• ,• past, checked. 

CHECK, s. Stop ; sudden restraint ; 
curb; a reproof; cloth made in 
squares ; a draft on a bank, for 
the payment of money. 

variegate; to diversify in the 
manner of a chess-board, pr. par. 
checkering; past, checkered: s. 
checker^ chequer. 

CHECKMATE, s. A term in the 
gpime of chess, v. checkmate; pr. 
par. checkmaiing; past, check- 

CHEEK, s. The side of the face be- 
low the eye. 

CHEER. V. To incite ; to encour- 
age; to inspirit; to comfort; to 
gladden, pr. par. cheering; past, 
cheered: s. cheer: adj. cheerful, 
cheerless : adv. cheerfully, cheerily. 

CHEESE, s. The curd of milk, 
pressed into a cake. 

CHEESE'CAKE. s. A cake made of 
soft; curds, sugar, and butter. 

denls in cheese. 

CHEESE'PRESS. s. The press in 
which curds are pressed, pi. 

CHKESE'VAT. s. The wooden vat 
in which the curds are confined, 
in pressing. 

CHEMISE'. 5. A shift. 

CHEMIST, CHYM'IST. s. A sepa- 
rater and examiner of matter, and 
prepnrer of various compounds, s. 
chemistry, chymistry : adj. chemi- 
cal, chymicaJ: adv. chemically, 
rhymiaiily. The latter mode of 
spelling this word, is the most cor- 
rect ; but the former is the most 

CHER'ISH. V. To support, to shel- 
ter, to nurse, pr. par. cherishing ; 
past, cherished • s. cherisher, cher- 

CHER'RV. s. A species of small 
f'uj'C. pj cherries. 


CHER'UB. i. A celestial tpint 

Hebrew pi. cherubim • Englivh {iL 

cherubs; adj. cherubic. 
CHESS. 5. A sort of game. 
CHESS'-BOARD. s. The boaid oo 

which chess is played. 
CHESS'-MAN. s. A puppet or coun- 

ter for chess, pi. chess-men. 
CHEST, s. A box made of wood«ii 

other materials. 
CHES'NUT. s. A smaU nut, ol • 

brown colour. 
CHEVALI'ER. s. A knight ; a title 

of honour. 
CHEVAUX-DE-FRISE'. s. A defen- 
sive instrument of war, made ol 

timber and iron spikes. 
CHEW. V. To grind with the teeth j 

to masticate, pr. par. chewing, 

past, cheu>ed. 
CHICA'NE. s. Artifice, trick, fraud 

V. chicatie; pr. par. chicaning 

past, chicaned: s. chicanery, pi 

CHICK'EN. s. The young of a bird, 

particularly of a domestic hen. 

ardly, timorous. 
CHICK'EN-POX. s. A species oi 

eruptive disorder. 
CHID. V. Did chide. 
CHIDE. V. To reprove, to reproach, 

to blame, pr. par. chiding; past, 

chided, chidden : s. chider. 
CHIEF, adj. Principal, capital, of 

the first order, s. chiej* adv. 

CHIEF, CHIEFTAIN, s. A leader; 

a commander ; the head ot a clan. 
CHIL'BLAIN. s. A sore made by 

CHILD, s. An infant, or very 

young person, pi. children: adj 

childish : adv. childishly. 
CHILD'HOOD. s. The state of » 

child ; infancy. 
CHILL. V. To make cold ; to de 

press; to deject; to blast witb 

cold. pr. par. chilling ; past, chill' 

ed: s. chill, chillness: ndj. chilly, 
CHIME. V. To soi.nd in harmony 

to correai^ivd vr t^iVAUow «\t ^t» 



portion; to agree; to jingle, pr. iCniV'ALRV. s. Kjiightho<jd ; n 
par. chiming; past, chinud: s. military dignity; the qiiuUtica- 

chimk, chimer. 
CHIME'RA. s. A vain and wild 
fancy, adj. chimerical: adv. chi' 
r HIM NET. s. The passage through 
which the smoke ascends from 
the fire iii a house. 

CHIM'NEY-PIECE. s. The work 
round the fire-place* a mantle- 

cleans chimneys. 

CHIN. s. The part of the face be- 
neath the under lip. 

CHI'NA. s. China-ware, porcelain. 

CHIN'COUGH. «. A violent and 
convulsive cough, to which chil 
dren are subject. 

CHINE, s. That part of the back in 
which the back-bone is. 

CHINE'SE. adj. Relatuig to China. 
8. Chinese. 

CHINK, s. A small aperture, v. 
chink^ to fill the spaces between 
the logs of a cabiL ; pr. par. chink' 
tag ; past, chinked : s. chinker. 

CHINK. V. To shake, so a? to make 
a sound, pr. par. chinking; past, 

CHINTZ. *. Cotton cloth printed 
with colours, pi. chintzes. 

CHIP. V. To cut into small pieces, 
pr. par. chipping; past, chipped: 
8. chip. 

CHIRCTGRAPHY. s. The art of 

(;HIR0L'0GY. 8. Talking by the 

CHIROMANCY, s. The pretended 
art of foretelling events by in- 
specting the hand. pi. chiroman- 
cies ; s. chiromancer. 

CHIRP. V. To make a cheerful 
noise, as birds, pr. par. chirping ; 
p?iflt, chirped : s. dUrp^ chirper. 

CHIS'EL. s. An instrument with 
which wood or stone is pared, v. 

rJUtel ; pr. par. chiseling; past, 
CUrrCHA T. s. Prnttle, idle talk. I pr. chmisine ; piisX, choused. 

tiuns of a knight, as valuur and 

virtue; the general systen o\ 

knighthood, pi. chivalries: :dj 

chivalrovs : adv. chivalrously . 
CHOCOLATE, s. A substance 

made by grinding the kerne! of 

the cocoa-nut. 
CHOICE, adj. Select, careful, s 

chencey choiceness : adv. choicely. 
CHOIR s. An assembly or ban 

of singers ; the place where the 

sine. adj. choral. 
CHOKE. V. To suffocate, to sto 

up, to suppress, pr. par. choking , 

past, choked. 
CHOL'ER- s. The bile ; the humour 

supposed to produce irnscioility 

anger ; rage. adj. choleric. 
CHOLERA-MOR'BUS. s. A sudde 

overflowing of the bile. 
CHOOSE. V. To select, to elect 

pr. par. choosing; past, chosvn 

6. choice^ chooser. 
CHOP. V. To cut with a quick 

blow ; to break into small pieces 

pr. par. chopping; past, chopped 

8. chop, chojfter. 
CHOP. s. A Chinese word, signify 

ing quality. 
CHOPS, s. The mouth of a beast 

the mouth of a man, used in con 

tempt; the mouth of any thing 

in familiar langunge. 
CHORAL, adj. Belonging to a 

choir or concert, s. chorister. 

CHORD, s. The string of a musical 
instrument ; a right line, which 
joins the two ends of any arc of 
a circle. 

CHORIAM'BIC s. The foot of a 
verse consisting of four syllableSi 
as anxietas. 

CHO'RUS. s. A band of singer*; 
part of a song in which the whult 
company join. pi. choruses. 

CHOSE. The preterit of the v. 

CHOUSE. V. TocheM.,lo\.T\r.\i. ^ 


CHRISM. *. Holy ointment, s. 
dirisniatory, pi. chrismaiories. 

CHRIS'TEN. V. To baptize; toini- 
tiate into Christianity, by water ; 
to name. pr. par. christening ; 
past, christened: 8. chrisiener^ 

CHRIS'TEiNDOM. *. All those re- 
gions, taken collectively, in which 
the inhabitants profess the Chris- 
tian religion. 

CHRLS'TIAN. s. A professor of 
the religion of Christ, adj. chris- 
tian : s. Christianity. 

CHRISTMAS, s. The day on which 
the nativity of Christ is celebrated, 
pi. chrisirnases. 

CHROMAT'IC. adj. Relating to 
the colour of light, and of natural 
bodies, and to a species of ancient 
music now unknown. 

Relating to diseases of long con- 
tintiance. adv. chronically. 

CHRON'ICLE. s. A brief history, 
with dates, s. chronicler. 

CHRONOL'OGY. s. The science ofl 
computing relative time. pi. chro- 
nologies: s. chronologist: adj. chro- 
nological: adv. chronologically. 

CHRONOM'ETER. s. An instru- 
ment for the exact measurement 
of time. 

CHRY'SALIS. 8. An insect, such 
as a butterfly, when changing from 
its torpid state, pi. chrysales. 

CHRY'SOLITE. s. A precious 
stone, of a dusky green, with a 
shade of yellow. 

Having a large or fat face. 

CHUCKLE. V. To utter a smoth- 
ered laugh, pr. par. chuckling ,• 
past, chuckled. 

CHUM. s. A chamber- fellow in the 
universities. ^ 

CHUNK, s. A short, thick block, 
or bit of wood. 

CHURCH, s. The collective body 
of Christians ; the body of Chris- 
tians adhering to one particular 
/orm o/' worship; t/je place which 


Christians consecrate to the wor* 
ship of God. pi. churches: y. 
church ; pr. par. churching , past, 

CHURCH'. WARDEN. *. An officer 
yearly chosen to preserve thf 
property of a church. 

CHURL, s. A rustic ; a rude, surly, 
ill-bred man ; a miser, adj. churl' 
ish: adv. churlishly: s. churlish' 

CHURN, s. A vessel m which but- 
ter is, by agitation, coagulated. 
V. chum ; pr. par. churning ; past, 
churned: s. cnumer. 

CHYLE, s. A white juice, formed 
in the intestines, and aflerwards 
converted into blood, adj. chylO' 
ceous^ chylous, 

CHYM'lSt. 8. See Chemist. 

scar remaining after a woui.d. 

CICATRIZE. V. To apply such 
medicines to wounds or ulcers, as 
will cover them with a skin. pr. 
par. cicatrizing; past, cicatrixed, 
s. cicatrization. 

CICERCNE. s. An Italian woid, 
used to signify a guide, pi. cice- 

CI'DER. 5. The juice of apples, ex- 
pressed and fermented. 

CIMME'RIAN. a<// Extremely dark 

CINCTURE. 8. Something worn 
round the body; a bandage. 

CIN'DER. s. A mass of any thing 
burnt in the fire, but not reduced to 
ashes ; a hot coal, that has ceased 
to flame. 

CINERA'TION. a. The act of re- 
ducing to ashes. 

CIN'NAMON. 8, The fragrant bark 
of a low tree in the island of Cey- 

CINQUE, s. A five ; a term uscsd in 

CrON. 8. A sprout ; a shoot from a 
plant ; the shoot engrafted on a 

CITHER. 8. Any arithmetical fig- 
nre; but in general denoting 0; 
hence, VVve a.^^eW^\.vjxv \.o ^ ^etson 


of no eflFxsiency, " a mere cipher :" 
it also means, a secret mode of 
GorrespondUig. t. cipher ; pr. par. 
dphenngi past, ciphered: s. ci- 

CIRC£N'SIAN. adj. Relating to the 
exhibitions in the amphitheatre of 

CIR'CL£. s. A line every where 
eqaidistant from a common cen- 
tre. V. circle; pr. par. circling; 
past, circled. 

CIR'CUIT. s. Motion around ; com- 
prehensive tour; space; extent, 
adj. drciiitous: adv. drcuitausli/. 

CIRCULATE. V, To move in a 
circle; to flow around, pr. par. 
circulating; past, circulated: s. 
circulation: adj. circulatory. 

CIRCULAR, adj. Round, like a 
circle ; Circular letter^ a letter ad- 
dressed to several persons, on 
some common affair, adv. circu- 

rounding, encompassing, going 
round, s. circumambiency. 

around, pr. par. circumambulating; 
p3St, circumamJnUated : s. ctrcuM' 
ambulation: adj. drcuma'n}bvlato- 

CIRCUMCISE, r. To perform a 
certain religious ceremony, insti- 
tuted by the Jews. pr. par. cir- 
eumcmng; past, circumcised: s. 

CIRCUM'FERENCE. s. Boundary 
of a circle ; the periphery, adi. 
circumfereniicd : adv. drcumfe- 

Btnimsnt used in surveying. 

CIRCUMFLEX, s. An accent used 
to regulate the pronunciation of 
svllablps. pi. circumflexes. 

CIRCUMFLUENT, adj. Flowing 
around. «. circumfluence. 

dprinsr from house to house. 

CIRCfTMFU'SE. V. To pout, to 
spreracl around, pr. par. ctrcum- 


Justng; past, drcumfus/'d • a 

CIRCUMJA'CENT. adj. Surround 

ing, lying round. 

expression of words ; a circuit o- 

compass of words, adj. circumlo" 

euiory. ♦ 


around, pr. par. circumnavigat- 

v^S i past, drcumnavigated : adj. 

drcumnavigable : a. drcumnavi- 

CIRCUMSCRrBE v. To limit, by 

a real or imaginary circle, pr. par. 

drcumscribing; past, circumscrth' 

ed: 8. circiimscHpticn : adj. cir 

CIRCUMSPECT, adj. Cautious, 

attentive, watchful, s. circmnspec- 

iion^ circumspectness : adv. aV- 


CIRCUMSTANCE, s. Something 
relative to a fact ; incident ; con- 
dition ; event, part. adj. circum- 
stanced: adj. circumstantial: adv. 

rounding wall ; the fortification 
thrown up around a place be- 
sieged. V. circumvallate ; pr. par. 
circumvallating ; past, drcumval- 

ClRCUMVENr. V. To deceive, to 
cheat, to defeat by stratagem, pr. 
par. circumventing; past, circum- 
vented: s. dmimvention. 


of flvinp round. 
CIRCUMVOLVE'. v. To roll 

around, pr. par. circumvolving ; 

5)ast, circumvolved : s. circiimvo' 

CIR'CUS. 5. An open place, or the- 
atre, for equestrian exhibitions, 
pi. dr cases. 

CIS'TERN. s. A small reservoir : an 
enrjospd fountain. 

CISTERTIAN. s. A monk of the 
order of reformed BcufidvtUw^i. 

CIT'ADEL. s. \fotltfefta,^<*^%VW 


V-yyiiOS. I A Ui^ kind of lemon. 

(laving a hiayur^ in aiicieot [own 
cluLmiiiff ttuatititi, 2ty preacnptmA- 

Cl V-ET. t. A peirume (Vom the civet 

ing, s. ciBilili/, fl. ■dvililies ; ndv. 

■iaing J put, ctvi^iJea-' b. ctTtfua- 
CiVIL'IAN. J. OnewhopmreiBCTB 

intin law, nmiorgcnnnil equity. 
-CLACIC s. a loating and impuilu- 

CLAD. T'ruteril and past par. oFthe 

T. dotla. 
CLAIM. B. Todemaii 

ig-,- past, ri^ 

»ly. pf, pai 

CLAM, a'a specie 
CLAM'BEEl. i>. To . . 

oulty. pr. paf. dambenag; paat, 

CUM'My =jy.Vi«!oii»,Bli 


cToinovring- .- paat, tlaiaauTid. 
CLAMP, s. Apiweofwondjninarf 

ultengih ; 11 lieap ofturf or b 


cloHtllitBuly ! t. 

CLANti'OUft, CLANG-Oa ». A 

loud, shrill sound. 
LAHK. p. TuBialie a loud, rattling 
noiiG, pr. pai. claaluttg; poai, 
k;LAP, D. To sttiko 

■J-pptnef paM, 


CLAl'liOABD. t- A narrow Ijoard. 

covuni^g of liouEca in the new set- 
llemcntB orAmiTJoa. v. dapioanl, 
hr. par. dapboardin^ f paat, ciap- 

CLrR&OBSClIRE .. Light eri 
:n painting, 
r. ). A , apeciea oT French 

CLAfrLFY. D. To clear from im 
iliaa. pr, par. clar^fi/iagi put, 
jfird.- i. darificalim. 

CLARION. I. A irunipel. 

CLAHIONEI-. I. A kind of wind 

CLASH. V. To make a nuisa, bj 
mutual collision to oppoee. pr. 
par. dashing past, dfuAbd.- l 

1 anf thing 
daip; pr. 



pen*, clasping post 

CLASS. J. A rank or order aT per> 

■am oi' thing: & number of roung 

p'i. classes .- v. clnan ; pr. par. dot* 
iBff.- past, (Jajset 
CLAS'SIFV. p. To arrange .a 

' iMi/ji'ig-,' part, 

'-'-- '—■ '^---ture, and 


CLA rXER. V. To make a noise, 

by striking two sonorous bodies 

together, pr. par. clattering; past, 

clattered- 8. clatter ^ datterer^ clcU- 

CLAUd£. 9. A sentence ; an article 

or particular stipulation. 
CLAW. $. The foot of a beast or 

bird, armed with sharp nails ; the 

pincers or holders of a shell-fish. 

V. claw: pr. par. clawing; past, 

CLAY. s. Unctuous and tenacious 

earth ; earth in general, v. day ; 

pr. par. claying; past, clayed: 

adj. clayey. 
CLAlfMORE. «. A two-handed 

CLEAN, itdj. Free from dirt ; neat. 

T. cleans pr. par. cleaning; past, 

cleaTud : s. deanliness^ cUarmess : 

adj. deanly. 
CLtlANSE. V. To free from dirt ; 

to purify; to scour, pr. par. 

cleansing; past, deansed: s. 

CLEAR, adj. Bright, transparent, 

serene, perspicuous, evident, v 

clear; pr. par. clearing; past, 

cleared: s. clearer^ clearance^ dear 

ness : adv. dearly. 
CLEARING, s. In the United States, 

signifies that part of a forest, 

which is in a state of preparation 

for the plough. 
CLEAR-SIGHTED, adj. Perspica- 
cious ; discerning, s. dearsighted- 

CLEAVE. V. To adhere, to stick, to 

unite aptly, pr. par. deaving; past, 

cleaved: s. cleaver. 
CLEAVE. V. To divide with vio- 

lence ; to split, pr. par. deaving; 

past, cloven or cfe/V : s. cleever. 
CLEP. s. A term in music. 

CLEFT. Past par. of the v. to cleave. 

CLEG. s. A horse-fly. 

CLEVIENCY. s. Mercy, remission 
of severity, pi. clemencies: adj 
dement: adv. clemently. 

CSENCH. V. Se Clinch, 


CLERGY, s. The body of men, ap 
pointed by due ordination, for the 
service of God. 

CLER'GYMAN. a. A man in holy 
orders, pi. clergymen. 

CLER'ICAL. adj. Relating to the 

clergy, adv. derically. 

CLERK, s. A clergyman ; a ma 
employed under another, as wri 
ter ; the layman who reads th 
responses to the congregation i 
the church, to direct the rest, s 

CLEVER, adj. Dexterous, skilful, 
just, fit, proper, adv. cleverly: s. 

CLEW. s. Thread wound aiound 
something ; a guide ; a direciiuu. 
V, deio; pr. par. clewing; past, 

CLICK. 5. A sharp, small, succes- 
sive noise, pr. par. clicking ; pa«t, 

CLI'ENT. s. One who applies to an 
advocate for counsel and defence; 
a dependant. 

CLIFF, s. A steep rock. 

CLIFT. s. A large split in a rock. 
adj. dified. 

a. Relating to a period of life, 
when some great change is sup- 
posed to befal the body. 

CLI'MATE. a. A space upon the 
surface of the earth, measured 
from the equator to the pt»lar cir- 
cles, ill each of which spaces ihe 
longest day is half an hour in 
length ; a region or tract of land 
differing from another by the tem- 
perature of the air. 

CLI'MAX. s. Gradation ; ascent ; a 
figure in rhetoric, by which a sen- 
tence rises gradually, pi. climaxes. 

CLIMB. V. To ascend with labour ; 
to mount, pr. par. climbing; past, 
climbed: s. climber. 

CLIME, a. Climate, region, tract ol 

CLINCH. V. To hold in the hand 
with the fingers bent ; to confine;* 
to fix : to bend tVie po\ii\.c>^ xvw;C^ 


pr. par. clinching ; past, clinched : 
K. clinch. 

CLI NCI. V. To hang upon, by twin- 
ing around, pr. par. dining; 
past, dung: s. dinger. 

CLIN'IC, CLIN'ICAL. adj. Relating 
to ^ person who from sickness is 
compelled to remain in bed. A 
*» clinical lecture" is delivered by 
a medical professor at the bed 
side. adv. clinically. 

CLINK. V. To strike, so as to make 
a small, sharp noise, pr. par. cUnk- 
i'^'Sf past, clinked: 8. dink. 

CLIP. V. To curtail, to cut short, 
pr. par. cZip/>mg- / past, c/ip^et^.* s. 
cUpy clipper. 

CLOAK. 8. An outer garment; a 
concealment, pr. par. cloaking; 
past, cloaked. 

CLOCK, s. The instrument which 
tells the hour, by striking upon a 
bell ; a sort of beetle. 

CLOCK. V. To cluck ; to call as a 
hen calls her chickens, pr. par 
clocking; past, clocked. 

CLOD. s. A lump of earth, v. dod; 
pr. par. clodding ; past, clodded. 


CLOiyPOLL, r*n^«^ * 


CLOG. V. To load with something 
that may hinder motion; to ob- 
struct ; to burthen, pr. par. clog- 
ging; past, dogged: s. dog. 

CLOG. s. A coarse shoe, with a 
wooden sole. 

CLOISTER, s. A place of religious 
seclusion, v. cloister; pr. par. 
cloistering; past, doisiered adj. 

CIX)SE. V. To shut, to conclude, to 
end. pr. par closing ;p3ist^ closed. 
adj. close: adv. closely: s. close- 

CLOS'ET. 8. A small room for re- 
tirement, or for the preservation 
ol valuable things, v. closet ; pr. 
par. closeting ; past, closeted. 

CLOT. s. Concretion, coagulation. 

V, riot: pr. par. dotting; past, . 
rjti//£j: .\dj. clotty U 


CLOTH, s. Any thing woven for 
dress or covering. 

CLOTHE. V. To cover with cloth, 
to dress, pr. par. dothing; past, 
clothed : s. pi. dothes ; a. clothier^ 

CLOUD, s. An opaque assemblage in 
the sky ; any state of obscurity or 
darkness, v. doud ; pr. par. cloud' 
in^ ; past, dovded : adv. cloudily 
adj. doudy^ cloudless : s. cUnuk 

CLOUiyCAPT. adj. Topped witk 

CLOVE, s. A kind of spice. 

CLOVE. The preterit of the t. 

CLaVEN: The past par. of the t. 

CLOVEN-FOOTED. adj. Having 

I the hoof divided into two parts. 

^CLaVER. s. A species of trefoil 

I adj. dovered. 

CLOWN, s. A rustic ; a coarse, ill- 
bred man ; one who makes sport 
at a theatrical entertainment, adj. 
clownish: adv. cUnonishly: a. 

CLOY. V. To satiate, to surfeit, pr. 
par. cloying ; past, cloyed. 

CLUB. s. A heavy stick ; the name 
of one of the suits of cards ; a so- 
ciety which meets at stated times. 
V. dub ; pr. par. dubbing ; past 

CLUB-FOOTED, ad;. Having short 
or crooked feet. 

CLUCK. V. To call chickens, as a 
hen. pr. par. clucking; past, 
'ducked, * 

CLUE, CLEW. s. Thread wound 
around something ; a guide ; a 

CLUMP, s. A shapeless piece of 
wood or other matter; a cluster 
of trees. 

CLUM'SY. adj. Awkward, heavy, 
artless, unhandy, adv. clumsily: 
8. clumsiness. 

CLUNG. The preterit and past par 
of the \. cUne. 


(XUSTER 5. A bunch ; a number 
of things of the same kind grow> 
ing or joined together, v. duster ; 

^T. par. clustering,' past, dustered. 
(JTCH. V. To gripe, to grasp, 
pr. par. clutching, • past, clutehed 
8. dutch. 

LUTTCR 5. A noise, a bustle, t. 
clutter; pr. par. dutteringi past, 
'X)ACH. s. A carriage of pleasure 
or state. 

COAiyJUTOR. s. An assistant; a 
partner. acH. coadjuiant. 

COAG'ULATE. v. To curdle; to 
form into concretions, pr. par. 
coagulating f past, coagwated: s. 
coagulcUion, coagidator: adj. co- 

CX)AL. s. The common fossil fuel ; 
the cinder of burnt wood ; char- 

CX)ALES'CE. V. To unite, to grow 
together, to join. pr. par. coalesc' 
ing; pastt coalesced: s. coales- 

COALl'TION. 8. The act of coa- 
lescing; persons combined. 

COARSE, adj. Not refined; rude, 
gross, unaccomplished. adv. 
coarsely: s. coarseness. 

COAST, s. The edge or margin of 
the land next the sea. v. coast; 
pr. par. coasiing; past, coasted: 
8. coantfr. 

COAT. *. The upper garment ; ves- 
ture. V. coat; pr. par. coating , 
past, coated 

COAX. V. To wheedle, to flatten 
pr. par. coaxing ; past, coaxed : m 

COB. s. The spike of an ear of 
maize ; the core, after the corn is 
taken off. 

rOB'BLE. V. To mend any thing 
coarsely, pr. par. cobbling; past, 
cobbled: s. cobbler. 

COB'WEB. *. The web or net of a. 
spider, adj. cobwebbed. 

COCH'TNEAL. s. An insect from 
which a red colour is extracted 


COCKA'DE. s. A ribbon worw in 
the hat. 

COCR'LE. s. A small shclI-fish ; a 
weed that grows in corn. 

COCK'NEY. s. An iU-bred native jf 

COCKTIT. a. The area where 
cocks fight * a place on the lower 
deck of a man of war, where arc 
subdivisions for the purser, sur- 
geon, and his mates. 

COCK'SWAiN. s. A petty officer 
on board of a man of war. pro- 
nounced cokf'Sn. 

CO'COA. s. A kind of plant. 

iCOD. s. A kind of fish : codlings t 

J'oung cod. 
DE s. A system of laws or regu- 

COIXICIL. 8. A supplement to a 

COiyDLE. V. To parboil, pr. par. 
coddling ; past, coddled. 

COEFFrCIENT. adj. Uniting in 
action, s. co-efficacy ^ co-efficiency ^ 
pi. co-efficacies^ co-efficiencies. 

CO-E'QUAL. adj. Equal to another, 
s. co-equaUty, pi. co-equalities. 

COERCE'. V. To force, to restrain, 
pr. par. coercing; past, coerced. 
s. coercer^ coercion: adj. coercive: 
adv. coerdvely. 

CO-ESSEN'TIAL. adj. Participating 
of the same essence, adv. co-esser^ 

CaETER'NAL. adj. Equally eter- 
nal, adv. co-etcmaUy : s. co-eter- 
nity, pi. co-eternities. 

CO^AL. adj. Equally ancient; 
living in the same age. 

CO-EXIST. V. To exist at the same 
time. pr. par. co-existing; past, 
co-existed: a. co-existence : adj. co- 

CO-EXTENiy. V. To reach to an 
equal distance, pr. par. co-extend' 
ing; past, co-extended' h. co-eat' 
tension: adj. co-extensive. 

COFFEE. 8. The berry of the cof- 
fee tree ; a drink by the itv« 
fusion of the bettWa vxi\»o\. N«"«tf2i 

COrPER. 1. A chert, generallj for 

ktepina monaj. 
norfm t a cbert in winch a 

dead human body ia inisrrsH. 
COG. * The M-"- 


iviociog. adv. cf^DLf/y 
ftiiTO, pi- cogeneiet. 
OGiTATE. r. Tothinli. pr. par. 
dsgilalin^,- mat, cogilaled: i. 
cogiiatioTi! am. cogitaUv.. 
nOGNA'TE. ««. Kindred. 
COGJJI'TION. ». Knowledge ; the 

txiG'wYzANC&T^ndicJsl notice; 
judicial Buthority. adj. ragTu'iaAfe. 

OOHAB'iT. v. To dwell with an- 
other; to liie together, an hus- 
band mil wife, pr. par- toAofcii- 
ing I past, a^utbtted : a, cn&abil- 
anl, cohabitalim. 

COHE'IR. J. Oi^ of two or tnoin 
persons who inherit the aamo 
estate, fem. coharcu, pi. calteir- 

OOHE'RE. »- To nick together; to 
suit. pr. par caAinng; post, m- 
hered: a. colurena, cBhertary: 
adj. cnhereni- 

COHE'SION- t. Act of cohering, 
adl. csAuiM.- adt.aAtnvtiy: i. 

COHORT- s. A troop of snldien. 

COIF. ). A hood, s cap. ndj. coifid. 

COIL. 0. To gather into a narrow 

cumpasB. pr. par- coiling; put, 

OmCl'DE. V. To .neet in the same 
point 1 lo agree, pr. pur. coiMid- 
ingl part, coiaadtd! a, cnina- 
litncr : adj. coindJeni ; adv- coin- 

COKE. I. rii-ooal xhich hu beM 

COL'aSDER. j. A Mniner. 
COLD. adj. Wanting heat; haTii^ 

_ I. s. cM, caldntu: ad>. eobSg. 
COLD-HLOOirEU. aJJ. Without 

fcelinn: cruel. 
COLD-HEARl'-ED.wj;'. iDdiflennt, 
-itkg passion, t. mU-htarlal- 

COLPWOHT. I. A apecie* of ciIh 

COlIa'PSE. b. To ftll together 
par. cDllapiing i pavt, coUofv- 


COLLATE. V. To compare ons 
:opy or thing with tnother of ibe 
lame hind ; to place in m eccLe- 
iiaiticaJ benelicB, pr. par. coBat- 
mg; past, coltaUd: m. coUoftaia, 

COLLATERAL, adj. Side to side, 
running parallel ; not lineal, u a 
eon ia relBled to hi* Ather, bnt re 
Jated Bi unclcFi, nephew^ and 
couaina- adv. coilaiemihi. 

COL'LEAGL'K i. A pinner in of 
:iue. V. eoUtagvi, 
igwmgf pMt, »^ 

pr. par. coUengvmgi pi 
IOLLECT, c. To Bather, ti 

COLLECT, a. A abort, compendi 

C0LT.EGE. I. A corftmunlty ; ■ 
public place of itudy; a itate- 
anembly- a. callfgiaa ; adj- cot 

COLl-IER. I. Adiggernfcoala; ■ 

' ler in coals ; a ahip Ihat drriM 

la. H. collliTj, pi. collitna. 

COLLIGATION, j. The act o. 

COLTXICATE. «.. Tq pli 

er; toiUIiaa. pr. par. coUocaliag; 
pact, taltaeaiid: >■ coUiNuliDn, 

COLLOCUTION. *. Conference, 

COL'LOQUV I. Conrerpnce; eon- 

COLLffDE. D. To plij IP cnneBrt, 

fraud, pr. par. coilwlingi putt, 

COLLUSION. (. Act bf colluding, 
aili. coifiuinc, coMiMory.- adv. coi- 

OJLOS. 1. A BrammjliMl poi.l (0. 

uHd to muk i piuie ErenLerthan 


crofa regiment. 
OOL'ONr. ). A body orpcopts aet- 

tlcd in s foreign coonlr)'; tlic 

countty where Ihof niiiae. pi. 

colonia a. caioniil! iii]. colonial. 

\. ealoAiu; pr. pnr. catamingi 

nstt, eafani'ud.- ■. colnitiftnfton. 
rOUlNNA-Dt J. A range of insu. 

1M«I columnfl. 
I'GLOS'SUS. a. A natua of enor- 

moiig mngnltiide- Latia pi. coJautj 

adj. eotaaiiL 
COLOUR t. The (ppennnce oi 

iHxlin to the eve j hue; dieipre- 

pr. pir. alainng put, Cobiuvdj 
sill, rolmirlui, 

COLOURS, t. A .Undird; an en- 
sign of war, 

fOl.T 3. AT0Urtehor.e. 

COLTER. I. The .harp iron of a 
piou(>h, that euu perjiendiculncly 

LOL'UMBARY. ». A d< 

O^L'UMBINE.' s.' A a 
plant, llie Jiame of the 
-majniii pantamitnc. 

COMB. » 

lief fe- 

f-OrtJMN 7." X'roind pillu, by 
«hieh inmelhinB i> mp^rted 
btKiyof anj tlSng, pressing ini 
cully, upon iti hue; a bodji of 
•taaprn, Rsaadinto u oblong; sj 

nedtopua thro-igh the paleg 
9 world : one khtouqii iha 

to (ep.1- 

of a cock i the canliea in which 
be*ll]oiiirC theilhoQej'. y.cnmh; 
pr. par.comCitng'.' pBBt,iwnoai ft 

COM'BATf. B. To fight, (0 oppose, 
pr, par combitting : paat, combat- 
cd: t. com4«(, Mim/iB(fln(. 
OMBl'NE. o. Tojointoge-ther to 
leLlle by com p»ct i to ooal^wie. 
pr. par- fomftinifif ; pail, cambin- 
ti; t, lombinalian. 
COMBUSTIBLE. iWi, Suire^tibla 
aimbviiihilily, earn.' 

cdME."B. To draw near; lo artivo 

Iw derived from, pr par. 

. ; poat, csmf. 

COM'E;d¥. J: A dmrnitic repnaen 


kind; «n amuHlng dnLinii pi 

ameiila: t.ameiHart. sdj. emiic, 

[ME^LV. Uljj. Gracerti, d<:c™ii 
handsome. Mv. anndif: *.coiHeft- 

COM-ET. ». Aionofplanei. 
COWFIT. I. A kind of iwedtmeal. 
COM-FORT. B. Tn slrenglhcn. to 

pr. par. comjartine; paal, pwi. 

/nrW.- .. tomfirl. .nmjhrtlr 

adj, cpni/bWafife, comfurtltsa ■ mlv. 

raiMTREY. Jt. A ipecietflf plsi.l, 
COMIC, COM'ICAL. ^i. Raiaiifl 

mirth! uiorrV! TpUting to eoiii<^ 

dv. adtf. comictJIv- 
nOWITY. ». Courtesy, civiliiv 
CGM'MA, 9. A Frrammallcil mini 

pan ofa tone- 


orders, to direct, pr. par. com- 
manding; past, commanded: s. 
comjnandf commander, command- 
ant, commandment : adj. command- 

COMMEM'ORATE. v. To preserve 
the memory of, by some public 
act. pr. par. commemorating; past, 
commemorated : s. commemoration: 
adj. comm-emorabUy commemora- 

COMME'NCE. V. To begin; to make 
a beginning, pr. par. commencing ; 
past, commenced: s. commence- 
ment. A Commencement^ at a col- 
lege, signifies the day on which 
degrees are conferred. 

COMMENiy. V. To recommend, to 
approve, pr. par. commending; 
past, commended: s. commenda- 
tion : adj. commendable, commend- 
atory : adv. cummendably. 

COMMEN'DAM. s. A church oen- 
efice, given in trust. 

COMMEN'SURATE.a4;.Equal, pro- 
portionate, adv. commensurately : 
8. commensuration : adj. commen- 
surable; ndv. commensurably. 

CX)MINteNT'. V. To remark, to an- 
notate, pr. par. commenting; past, 
commented: s. com'ment, commen- 
tary, commentator, pi. commenta- 
ries^ commentators. 

COM'MERCE. s. Trade; traffic 
with foreign nations ; intercourse, 
ddj. commercial: adv. commer- 

l^OMMIN'GLE. V. To mix, to blend, 
pr. par. commingling; past, com- 

(XDMMIS-ERATE. v. To pity, to 
compassionate, pr. par. commise- 
rating; past, commiserated: s. 
commiseration, commiseratorj adj. 

COMMTSSA'RTAT. adj. Relating to 
the commissary department of an 

COM'MISSARY. s. A delegate, a 
deputy ; an officer who furnishes 
provisions and ammunition for an 
ar/nj'. pL commissaries. 

COM- <;0M 

COMMIS'SION. a. The act of con 
mitting ; the act of intrusting : a 
warrant; a trust; a charge, v. 
commission ; pr. par. commission^ 
ing; past, commissioned: a. camr 
mission, commissioner. 

COMMIT'. V. To intrust ; to per- 
petrate ; to send to prison, pr. 
par. committing; past, commti//^ 
8. commitment, committal, commit- 

COMMIX'. V. To mingle, to blend, 
pr. par. commixing; past, com^ 
mixed: s. commixtvre. 

COMMaOE. s. A night-chair. 

COMMaDIOUS. adj. Convenient, 
suitable, useful, adv. comtnodious 
ly : s. commodiousness. 

COMMOiyiTY. s. Wares, merchan- 
dise, pi. commodiiies. 

COM'MODORE. s. The captain who 
commands a squadron of ships. 

COM'MON. adj. General, vulgar, 
public, mean. s. common, common- 
alty, commxmer, commonness: adv. 

COM'MON PLACE, adj. Relating to 
an ordinary or common topic ; 
trite ; vulgar. 

COMMOiNWE'AL. s. Public good. 

COM'MONWEALTH. s. A repub- 

COM'MORANCE. s. Dwelling, hab- 
itation, adj. commorant. 

COMMO'RifiNT. adj. Dying at the 
same time. 

COMMO'TION. s. Tumult, disturb- 
ance, agitation. 

COMMOTE. 0. To disturb, to agi- 
tate, pr. par. commooing; past, 

COMMU'NE. V. To partake in com 
raon ; to converse ; mutually ta 
impart sentiments, pr. par. com 
muning; past, communea: a. com 

COMMU'NICATE. v. To have ir- 

tcrcourse ; to impart ; to reveal ; 

to receive the sacrament, pr. par. 

communicating; past, rommunt 

cated: 3. communication: adj 

communicative commumcoltle. 


CX)MMirNION. s. Intercourse; par- 
ticipation; sacrament, s. commU' 

COMMU'NIIT. ». The state of 
being common; people united 
into a society, and having a com- 
mon interest, pi. communities. 

COMMITTE. V. To change, to sub- 
stitute, pr. par. commuting ; past, 
commuted: adj. comtmitable : s. 

COMTACT. s. An agreement, a 

COMPACT', adj. Firm, soUd, join- 
ed. V. compact; pr. par. compact 
ing; past, compacUM, adv. com 
pacUy: s. compactness, 

CUMPA'NION. s. An associate; a 
purtner. adj. companionable. 

COM'PAN Y. s. Persons assembled 
together; a mercantile association; 
a band; a subdivision of a regi- 
ment ; fellowship ; state of being 
together, pi. companies. 

COMPA'RE. V. To judge, or esti 
mnte relatively, things which have 
some resemblance, pr. par. com 
paring i past, compared: s. com- 
parison: adj. comparable, compa- 
rative: adv. comparably f compara- 

COMPARTMENT, s. An apart- 

COM'PASS. V. To encircle, to sur- 
round, to effect, to attain, pr. par. 
compassing; past, compassed: s. 

COM'PASS. s. Circle, extent, reach; 
an instrument composed of a 
magnetic needle and card; an 
instrument with which circles are 
drawn. pL compasses. 

COMPAS'SION. s. Pity, commis- 
eration, painful sympathy, v. 
compassionate; pr. par. compas- 
sionating; past, compassionated: 
sdj. compassionate: adv. compas- 

COMPA'T'IBLE. adj. Suitable, con- 
sistent, agreeable, s. compaiibili- 
/y, pi. compatibilities: adv. com- 


COMPA'TRIOT. s. One of the 
same country ; a fellow-patriui. 

COMPE'ER. s. An equal, a conijtan 

COMPEL'. V. To force, to oblige, 
to constrain, pr. par. coniptUing , 
^doly compelled: adj. compellabU. 

COMPENiyiOUS. adj. Short, sum 
mary, abridged, adv. compendious 
ly : s. compendiousness. 

COMPENDIUM, s. Abridgment; 

COMPEN'SATE. v. To recora. 
pense, to counterbalance, pr. par. 
compensating; past, compensated: 
8. compensation: adj. compensa- 

s. Sufficiency, ability, pi. compe 
ienceSj competencies adj. compe 
tent: adv. competently. 

COMPETITION. *. Rivalship.con 
test. s. competitor. 

COMPI'LE. V. To collect from tht 
works of others ; to compose, pi 
par. compiling; past, compiled 
s. compilation, compiler. 

CY. s. Tranquillity; ease of mind ; 
satisfaction ; civility, adj. compL- 
cent: adv. complacently. 

COMPLAI'N. V. To mention with 
sorrow or resentment; to mur- 
mur ; to lament, pr. par. cotp 
plaining; past, complained: k 

COMPLAISA'NCE. s. Civility; d«. 
sire of pleasing, adj. complaisant 
adv. complaisantly. 

COMPLEMENT, s. Generally sig- 
nilies a just quantity; complete 

COMPLE'TE. adj. Perfect, full, 
finished, v. complete; pr. p:ii 
completing; past, completed: adt 
completely: s. completeness^ co't' 

COM'PLEX. adj. Of many parts, 
entangled, s. complexity, pi com 
plexities: adv. complexly. 

COMPLEX'ION. s kr^j^^^t9Siin.\ 
(ill the '^otoiiTS, or iV\ \.\\^ cSx^vww- 


■UDcci, being Kun in one view,) 
culouT ol' tbf race. 

COMTUCATE. «. To renderoom. 
pleij to entangle one with sn- 
other; lo join. pr. pir. compli- 
cnuftgi p>Bt, eampiicattd ^ s. com- 
vlic^tiim! nij. cimuilicalaL 

COATPLIMENr. (. A nattflHng ei- 
prMMOnoiaotofciiiiitr. v. eom- 
flimeafi pr. par. compitmmtiitg ; 
put, com/itHiuRfai : gdj. ampli- 
menUU, conplimeniiiry, 

COMl'Li". D. To jiald lo; lo »c- 
cord with. pr. pat. CBmplying ; 
put, etm^ted: %. compliance.- 
tdj. comsiianf: idv. cawtiianUy. 

COMtHyNENT. "■ - ■ ■ 

(fal lowed hj • 
parting i pajt 

COMiVE. ». 

». Thatw 
) agree, to 

ro put togethei 


past, CDinpoieif .' ndo. 

ooMPos'iTE. bJj*. or » 

COMi-CSITOR. ». He thai r 

COM'POST. j. a miiUre lo 

COMPOUND'. I. To mil, lo 
bine. pr. par. eatitpounding : 
coHipotmdtd; B. com'pi>tindj 
yiuti^r,- adi. conipound. 


to comprint, pr. par. 

tg! past, mmpri- 
lUTioca ,• I. compreAflin'sn .- adj. 
eomprdtmaible, comprdiemniit : 
■dv. eoitiprtheruib/ift tfflnprthtn- 

WIMRRESS'. t.. To pre.1 logether, 
tocondenie. pr.pac. comf-Ttmng, 

(aat, comprtsata: adj. eomirraHi' 
((.- g. cumfTanbil'ly, compnssi- 

pr. par. cnrnpramnug i put 

COTrtfeOMlS'SlON. ». Actor com 

COMfRoi^flV. V. To ple^i Ic 
olvc, to eniajigle. pr. p.r. 
^romitlingi post, comprortd 

COMPUL'SION. ». AiaofcompeH. 
ina; force, adj. compubory, ew* 
■nijiiK; adv. compliMvtli/. 

COMPUNCTION. .. UneaiineHOi 

RADE. 1. A companion, ■ 

COS. ». ToiUdy; to commit M 
norf, pr. pat. conning',' paM, 


t, amcaiciuiteii: i 

CON'CAVE. rulj. HoIIob 

. toncatavdingt 

How ; Dnpo«e4 
rtiVy, p1. «» 

.. . , r^ 

coiKealir, nniccalmtnl : adj. co% 
CONCCDE. r. To admit, to grant, 
moAngi pait, 

CONCEl-VE. B To form ii 
id; tucnniprfhend; tot 
Income pregnanL pr. par. 


CONCENTRATE, v. To bnng|; 
tuwards the centre ; to bring to 
gether. pr. par. concerUrata^t' 
past, amcerUrated: s. concentra- 

AL. tidj. Having one common cen- 
tre, adv. concentrically. 

CONCEPTION, s. Act of conceiv- 
inf^; thing conceived; idea; know- 

CONCERN*, s. Business, participa- 
tion, regard, v. concern f pr. par. 
concerning; past, concerned. 

CONCERT'. V. To settle any thing 
in private, by mutual communica- 
tion; to settle, to contrive, pr. 
p ir. concerting; past, concerted. 

CON'CERT. s. Communication of 
designs ; an assembly of musicians, 
performing before an audience. 

CONCERTO, s. A piece of music, 
composed for a concert. 

CONCES'SION. 5. Act of conced- 
ing, or yielding; a grant, adj. 

CONCH, s. A kind of shell. 

CONCHOL'QCY. s. A description 
of shell-fish, or of shells; the 
science T/hich treats of shell-fish. 

CONCILIATE. V. To gain the fa- 
vour of; to reconcile, pr. par. 
conciliating f past, conciliated: s. 
conciliation, conciliator: adj. con- 

CONCI'SE. adj. Brief, short, adv. 
concisely: n. concision, conciseness. 

CON'CLAVE. s. A close assembly; 
a private apartment. 

CONCLU'DE. V. To finish; to de- 
cide ; to determine, pr. par. con- 
chiding; past, conduded: 9. con- 
clusion: adj. conclusive: adv. 

CONCOCr. V. To digest, to ripen, 
pr. par concocting; past, concoct- 
ed: s. concoction: adj. concoctive. 

CONCOM'ITANT. adj. Accompa- 
nying, adv. concomitantly: s. con- 
eomUancef conKontitancy, | 


CON'CORD. s. Agreement, anion, 
harmony, s. concordance, cont^ord- 
ancy, pi. concordandes : adj. con* 
cordant: adv. concordanlly 

CONCOURSE, s. Assemblage. 

CONCRETE. V. To coalesce into 
one mass ; to form by coucretiou. 
pr. par. concreting; past, con- 
creted : s. concrete, concreieness, 
concretion: adj. con'crete, concre- 
tive: adv. concretely. 

CONCU'PISCENT. adj. Libidinous, 
lecherous, s. concupiscence. 

CONCUR', v. To meet iu one point , 
to agree, pr. par. concurring , 
past, concurred: s. concurrtnce^ 
concurrency, pi. concurrences, 
concurrencies : adj. concurrent ■ 
adv. concurrently. 

CONCUS'SION. 5. Sudden and great 
agitation, adj. concussive. 

CONDEMN', v. To pronounce guil- 
ty; to censure; to declare unfit 
for use. pr. par. condemning; 
past, condemned- s. co7uiemnaiion: 
adj. condemnable: s. condemncr. 

CONDENSE'. V. To thicken; to 
make closer, pr. par. condensing ; 
past, condensed: adj. condense- 
s. condensation, conUensity, con- 

CONDESCENiy. v. To stoop, to 
bend, to yield, pr. par. condescend- 
ing i past, condescended: s. con- 
descension: adv. condescendingly. 

CONDI'GN. adj. Merited; suitable, 
adv. condignly. 

CONDIMENT, s. Seasoning, sauce. 

CONDITION, s. Stipulation, state, 
rank. adj. conditional^ condition- 
ary: adv. condUimuiUy. 

CONDITION. V. To make terms; 
to stipulate, pr. par. conditioning , 
past, conditioned. 

CONDaLE. V. To join in grief; lo 
vlament with. pr. par. condoling, 
past, condoled: s. condolence, con- 

CONDU'CE. V. To aid in promoting , 
to contribute, pr par. conducing, 
past, condvced ad^. coiutuare^ 


CON'DQCT. 5. Management, beha- 
viour, rci'ulaT life. v. conducff pr. 
par. conducting^' past, eondueted: 
8. conductor. 

Cf)N'DUIT. s. An aqueduct. 

CONE. s. A solid body, having a 
circular base, and declining reg- 
ularly to a point, adj. conic,, coni- 
cal: adv. conicaUy, 

CONFABULATE, v. To talk fa- 
miliarly together; to chat. pr. 
par. confabvlaiing ; past, confab- 
ulated: s. conjcdnuaiion : adj. 

CONFECTIONARY, s. The olace 
where sweetmeats are made or 
sold ; sweetmeats. pL confection- 

CONFECTIONER, s, A maker of 

CONFEiyERACY. s. League, union, 
engagement, pi. confederacies : v. 
confederate: pr. par. confederat- 
ing ; past, confederated : s. confed- 
erate, confsderniton. 

CONFER'. V. To consult, to bestow, 
pr. par. conferring f past, confer- 
red : s. conference. 

CONFESS'. V. To acknowledge ; to 
avow; to hear the confession of a 
penitent, as a priest, pr. par. con- 
fessing,' past, confessed: s. con- 
fessor, confession: adv. confessedly. 

CONFI'DE. V. To trust in; to in- 
trust, pr. par. confiding; past, 
confided: s. confi<Knce, conjider, 
confidant: adj confidential: adv. 

CONFIGURA'TION. s. The form of 
the various parts of any thing, as 
they are adapted to each other; 
the face of the horoscope. 

CONFI'NE. V. To bound, to limit, 
to imprison, to restrain, pr. par. 
confining; past, confined: s. con- 
Jiner, confinement. 

CON'FINES. s. Common boundary, 
border, enge. adj. confineless. 

CONFIRlVr. V. To strengthen, to 
establish, pr. par. confirming; 
past, confirmed: t>. confirmation: 
»dj. con^nnahle^ confirmative. 


CONFIS'CATE. v. To seize for pnb- 
lie use. pr. par. con/isca(«ng-; past, 
confiscated: s. confiscation^ cor^ 

CONFLAGRATION. *. An exten- 
sive fire. adj. confiagranL 

CON'FLICT. s. A violent collision; 
a combat; strife, v. eonfiict; pr. 
par. confiicting; past, eordUctta 

CON'FLUENC^ s. Meeting of 
streams ; a concourse ; a multitude, 
adj. confluent. 

CON'FLUX. s. Union of seyeral cui« 
rents; concourse; crowd. 

CONFORM'. V. To assimilate; to 
comply with. pr. par. con/bnnmg' 
past, conformed: s. eo^formatfon^ 
conformity^ pi. conformities: wdj. 
conformable: adv. co^formabfy 

CONFOUNiy. V. To perplex, o 
amaze, pr. par. coi\founding; past, 
confounded: s. eonfounder: adu 

CONFRATERNITY, s. A brotber. 
hood , a body of men united for 
some purpose, pi. confraternities 

CONFRONT'. V. To bring face to 
face. pr. par. confrontmg; pest, 
confronted: s. corfronier, 

CONFU'SE. V. To disorder, or per- 
plex. pr. par. confusing; past, con 
fused: s. confusion: adv. con/us 

CONFUTE. V. To convict of error 
or falsehood ; to disprove, pr. p8.r. 
confuting; past, confuted: b. con 
futation: aoj. conftdable. 

CONGE'E. s. Act of reverence, 
bow; courtesy; leave; farewell 

CONGEAL'. V. iTo become solid, as 
ice ; to concrete, pr. par. oongtal' 
ing; past, congealed: s. corneal- 
ment^ congelation: adj. congealo' 

CONGE'NIAL. adj. Of the same 
kind ; agreeable, s. congeniahiy^ 
pi. congeniaiities: adv. congeni 

CONGLOM'ERATE. v. To gather 
into a ball ; to become round, pr. 
par. conglomeratine; past, ccTt- 
glomerated: «. coa^unnveTa^oa. 


CONGLU'TINATE. v. To cement. 
>>r. par. conghUinaiingf past, con- 
^utifuiied : s. conglutination, con- 
glutiiuUor: adj. conglutinative, 

CONGRATULATE, v. To rejoice 
with a person, on account of his 
good fortune, pr. par. congrcUti- 
lating; past, congreUulated: s. eon- 
gratulator, congraiidaiion: adj. 

COxVGREGATE. ©. To collect; to 
assemble ; to bring into one place, 
pr. par. congreg(Uing{ past, con- 
gregated: s. congrl^ation: adj. 

CON'GRESS. s. A meeting; a na- 
tional assembly, pi. congresses: 
adj. congressional. 

CONGRU'lTY. 8. Suitableness, 
agreeableness, fitness, pi. eongru- 
ities: adj. congruous: adv. con- 

CONIFEROUS, adj. Bearing cones, 
tike the piue-tree. 

CONJECTURK 5. Supposition, 
guess, imperfect knowledge, v. 
conjecture; itr. yar. conjecturing ; 
p;i3t, conjectured: aidj. conjectural: 
s. conjecturer. 

CONJOIN'. V. To unite; to consol- 
idate into one. pr. par. conjoin- 
ing f \)asi, conjoined: Vidy conjoint: 
idv. conjointly. 

CON'JUGAL. adj. Matrimonial; be- 
longing to marriage, adv. eonju^ 

CON'J L'GATE. v. To decline a verb 
through its variations, pr. par. 
conjugating; pa.stj conjugatea: s. 

CONJUNCT, adj. Conjoined, unit- 
ed, adv. conjunctly. 

CONJUNCTION. *. Union, associa- 
tion, league; a connector of 
words, aclj. conjunctive: adv. con- 

CONJUNOTURE. 5. Combination 
of many circumstances; occasion; 
critical time. 

CONJU'RE V. To summon in a sa- 
cred name; to enjoin with the 
tnghcat Bolemnitjr. pr. par. con 


juring; past, conjured: s eonjU' 

CON'J URE. V. To enchant ; to play 
slight-of-hand. pr. par. conjitring, 
past, conjured: s. conjurer. 

CONNECT. V. To join, to link, to 
unite, pr. par. connecting ; past, 
connected: s. connexion: adj. con- 
nective: adv. connectively. 

CONNI'VE. V. To wink ; to pretend 
blindaess or ignorance, pr. par. 
conniving; ipasU connived: s. con- 
nivance, conniver. 

CONNOISSEUR, s. A judge, or 

CONNUBIAL, adj. Matrimonial; 
nuptial; conjugal. 

CONOI'DE. s. A figure resembling 
a cone. adj. conoidal. 

CONQUER. V. To gain by conquest; 
to overcome, pr. par. conquering ^ 
past, conquered: s. conqueror <t 
conquest: adj. conquerable. 

CONSANGUINITY, s. Relation by 
blood, pi. consanguinities: adj. con- 

CON'SCIENCE. s. Self-knowledge; 
moral feeling, adj. conscientious: 
adv. conscientiously: s. conscienti- 


CONSCIOUS, adj. Knowing any 
thing from internal judgment, or 
moral feeling, s. consciousness: 
adv. consciously. 

CONSCRIPT, adj. Registered, en- 
rolled, s. conscriptj conscription. 

CON'SECRATE. v. To make holv, 
to dedicate, pr. par. consecrating, 
past, consecrated: s. consecration , 

CONSECUTIVE, adj. Uninterrupt- 
ed ; following in train, adv. con- 

CONSEN'T. s. Act of yielding or 
consenting; concord; agreement. 
V. consent; pr. par. consenting; 
past, consented. 

CONSENTANEOUS, adj. Agrcca- 
ble to ; consistent with. adv. con- 

CONSEQUENCE, s. Eftect, deduc- 
tion, conclusVou. 3lA\. ionseqfu«*\.\^ 


tumsiquential: adv. conscqutntiy^ 

rONSfcilVA'TOR. s, A preserver of 
the public happiness. 

CONSERVATORY, s, A place for 
holding delicate things. pL con- 

CONSE'RVE, V. To preserve, pr. 
par. conserving; past, conserved: 
8. conservation: aoj. conservative. 

CONSUMER, v. To think upon with 
care; to ponder, pr. par. con- 
sidering t past, considered: s. con- 
sideration: adj. considerable: adv. 

CONSUrERATE. adj. Serious; 
given to consideration, adv. con- 

CONSIGiN'. V. To assign ; to trust ; 
to give to another in a formal 
manner, pr. par. cons^g7iuig>; 
past, consigned: 8. consignor, 

COxN'SIST. V. To agree; to sub- 
sist; to be composed, pr. par. 
consisting; past, consisted: s. con- 
sistence, consistencyt pi. consis- 
tencies: adj. consistent: adv. con- 

CONSlStORIAL. adj. Relating to 
an ecclesiastical court. 

CONSaLE. V. To comfort, to cheer, 
pr. par. consoUng; jpast,'consoled: 
s. consoler: consolation: adv. con- 

CONSOL'IDATE. v. To make firm; 
to unite, pr. par. consolidating; 
past, consolidated: s. consolidation: 
adj. consolidative. 

CONSaNANCE. s. Accord of sound; 
consistency ; congruence. adj. 
consonant: adv. consonantly. 

OON'SONANT. s. A letter, such as 
b, c, d ; the name of which can- 
not be articulated without the 
aid of a vowel ; therefore sounded 
with another letter. 

(X^N'SORT. » A companion, a 

partner; a wife or husband, v. 

consort ; pr. par. consoWmg'; past, 


CONSPIcmTY s. Brightness, 


cleameaa. pi. conspteuitua : adj 
conspicuous: adv. oonspicwm^. 

CONSFIHE. «. To concert a crime; 
to plot; to agree together, pr. 
par. conspiring; past, conspired. 
8. conspiracy, pL cunsptracies, con- 

CON'STABLE. s. This officer was 
originally so called, because his 
duty was to reflate all matters 
of chivalry, tilts, tournaments, 
and feats of arms, that were per* 
formed on horseback; the word 
now mostly signifies a petty civil 

CON'STANC Y. s. Immutability, per 
petuity, lasting affection, certain- 
ty, pi. constancies: adj. constant: 
adv. constantly. 

CONSTELLATION, s. A cluster 
of stars ; an assemblage f >f splen- 
dours or excellencies. 

CONSTERNATION, s. Astonish- 
ment, amazement, surprise. 

CON'STIPATE. V. To thicken, to 
condense, pr. par. constipating; 
past, consttpated: s. constipation. 

CONSTITUENT, s. A necessary 
part ; one who appoints, adj. con- 

CON'STITUTE. v. to erect, to 
establish, to form, to appoint, pr. 
par. constituting; past, constitut- 
ed: s. constitution: adj. constitu- 
Hanoi: adv. constitutionally. 

CONSTITUTION, s. The set of 
constituting ; corporeal frame , 
temper of body, or of mind ; frame 
of government, adj. constitution- 
al: adv. eonstitutionaUy: s. coi»- 

CONSTRAIN'. V. To compel, to 
hinder, pr. par. constratningf 
past, constrained: s. constraint 
adj. constrainable: adv. constrain 

CONSTRICT. V. To bind, to cramp, 
to contract, pr. par. constricting, 
past, constricted: 8. constriction* 
adj. constrictive. 

COPfSTRIN'GENT. adj. Binding oi 
compT«>.88Vu^. %dv. coaslrva^enttii 


CONSTRUCT. V. To frame, to] 
1 4111(1, to form. pr. par. construci- 
tng; past, conatruded: s. cori' 
slruciwn: adj. eonslrucUve: adv. 

CONSTRITE. V. To explain, to in- 
terpret. pr. par. conatruiitgf past, 

union of the body of Jesus Christ 
with the sacramental element, 
according to the Lutherans. 

CON'SlfL. t. A species of public 
officer; an officer, commissioned 
in foreign ports, to judge between 
the merchants of his own nation, 
and protect their commerce, adj. 
consular: s. consvlate, 

CONSULT. V. To take counsel 
together ; to ask counsel ; to re- 
gard, pr. par. consulting; past, 
consulted: s. consultation. 

CONSU'ME. V. To waste, to spend, 
to destroy, pr. par. consumtng; 
past, consumed: s. consumer: adj. 

CON'SUMMATE. v. To complete, 
to perfect, pr. par. consummat- 
tng; past, consummated: s. con- 
fummation: adj. consum'maie: adv. 

CONSUMTTIOiN. s. Act of con- 
luming ; waste ; the state of wast- 
inGT or perishing, adj. consumptive. 

CONTACT. 5. Touch, close union. 

CONTA'GION. 8. The emission 
from body to body, by which 
diseases are communicated ; in- 
fection, propagation of mischief, 
or disease, adj. contagious: adv. 
contagiously: s. contagiousness. 

CONTAIN'. V. To hold, to com- 
prise, pr. par. containing; past, 
contained: adj. corUainable: s. con- 

CONTAM'INATE. v. To defile, to 
corrupt, to pollute, pr. par. con- 
taminaUng; past, contaminated 
8. contamination^ contaminator. 

CONTEMN'. V. To despise, to 
slight, pr. par. contejnning'; past, 
condemned.- s. contemner. \ 



CONl-EMFLATE. v. To consider 
with continued attention; tostuily. 
pr. par. contemplating; past, con 
templated: s. contemplation^ con^ 
templator: ad], contemplative: adv. 

RARY. adj. Existing at the same 
time. 8. cotemporary^ pi. cotempo" 

CONTEMPT, s. Act of despising 
others; scorn, adj. contemptible, 
contemptuous: adv. contemptibly^ 

CONTENP'. V. To strive in oppo- 
sition; to struggle; to vie. pr. 
par. contending; past, contended: 
8. contender. 

CONTENT ON. s. Act of contend- 
ing. adj. contentious: adv. con- 
tentiously: s. contentiousness. 

CONTENT, adj. Satisfied, v. con- 
tent; pr. par. contenting; past, con- 
ientea: s. content^ contentment^ 
contentedness: adv. contentedly. 

CONTEST. V. To dispute, to liti- 
gate, to strive, pr. par. contesting; 
past, contested: s. con' test: adj. 

CON'TEXT. s. General connexion 
or body of a discourse. 

CONTEX'TURE. s. The disposition 
of parts, one amongst others ; the 

CONTIG'UOUS. adj. Meeting, so 
as to touch ; bordering upon each 
other. 8. contiguity^ pi. contigui- 
ties: adv. contiguously. 

CONTINENT, adj. Chaste, restrain- 
ed, moderate, adv. continently . a. 
continence^ continency. 

CONTINENT, s. A vast tract ol 
land. adj. continental. 

CONTIN'GEN-T. adj. Happening bj 
chance ; accidental ; unforeseen, 
adv. contingently: s. contingence^ 
contingency^ pi. contingencies. 

CONTINUE. V. To remain, to ex 
tend, to protect, pr. par. continu 
ing; pnst^ continued: s. continua. 
iion^ confmuance: a.Ay toralmuoi. 
adv. coniinuaXly. 


CONTINU ITY. s. Connexion, con- 
tinuation, pi. continuities: adj. 
continu<yus: adv. coniinuausly. 

CONTORT. V. To twist, to writhe, 
pr. par. contoriir^; past, contort- 
ed: 8. contortion. 

CONTOUR. 5. The outline; the 
line by which any figure is definua 
or terminated. 

CONTRA. A Latin proposition, 
used in composition, which signi- 
fies against. 

CONTRABAND, adj. Prohibited, 

CX)NTRACT'. V. To draw into less 
compass ; to bargain, pr. par. con- 
tracting; psisiy contracted: s. con'- 
tract contraction^ contractor^ con- 
tractedness: adv. coniractedly. 

CONTRACriBLE. adj. Possible to 
be contracted, s. contractibility. 

CONTRADICT*, v. To deny; to 
oppose verbally, pr. par. contra- 
dicting; past^ contradicted: s. con- 
tradiction^ contradicter : adj. con- 
tradictory: adv. contradictorily. 

distinguish, by qualities, not only 
different, but opposite, pr. par. 
contradistinguishing; past, confra- 
distinguished: s. contntdistinction: 
adj. contradistinctive. 

CONTRARI'ETY. s. Repugnance, 
opposition, pi. contrarieties, 

CONTRARY, adj. Opposite, ad- 
verse, contradictory, mconsistent. 
s. pi. contraries: adv. conirarHy. 

CONTRAST, s. Opposition and dis- 
similitude of figures. V. contrast; 
pr. par. contrasting; past, con- 

tification thrown up by a besieg- 
ing army, to prevent the sallies of 
the garrison. 

(•yjNTRAVE'NE. v. To oppose, to 
obstruct, to baffle, pr. par. contrct- 
vening; past, contravened: s. am- 

O'OATBAVER'SION. s. Act of con- 




«. See Co:«rBO 

CONTRIBOJTE. v. To give aid, lo 
conjunction with one or more per- 
sons, pr. par. contributing; past, 
contrinutea: s. contribution, con* 
tributor: adj. eontributive^ con- 

CONTRITE, adj. Penitent adv. 
contritely: b. conirition^ contriis- 

CONTR.rVE. V. To plan; to form 
or design, pr. par. contriving; past, 
contrived: s. eontrrvanee^ contriver. 

CONTROL', s. Check, restraint, 
power, superintendence, v. con- 
trol: pr. par. controlKng; past, 
eontroUedf adj. controUaAle: a, 
controlle r. 

CONTROVERT, v. To debate, to 
dispute, pr. par. controverting; 
^SiSi^controoerted: a. controverter: 
adj. controvertible. 

CONTROVERSY, s. Debate, dis 
pute. pi. controversies: adj. con- 
troversial: s. controversialist. 

CONTUMACY, s. Obstinacy, per- 
verseness, wilful disobedience, 
pi. eontumacies: adj. eontumad- 
ous: adv. contumaciously. 

CONTUMELY, s. Rudeness, con- 
temptuousness, reproach, pi. con- 
tumelies: adj. contumelious: adv. 

CONTU'SE. V. To beat together, 
to bruise, pr. par. contusing; past, 
contused: s. contusion. 

CONUN'DRUM. s. A low jest ; a 

CON'USANCE. 5. Cognizance, no- 
tice, knowledge, (a law term.) adj. 
conusable, conusant. 

CONVALES'CENT. adj. Recover 
ing strength, s. convalescence^ con* 

CONVE'NE. V. To assemble, to 
come together, to associate, pr. 
par. convening; past, convened: s. 

jCONVE'NIENT. adj. Fit, suitable, 
commod\o\x«. oAv. coTvottueaWu 

1^ ^ 



s. convemenoe^ conoenieney^ pi. eoiv- CONVEY' ANCER. s. One who 


CON'VENT. ». A monastery, or 
nunnery ; an assembly of religious 
persons, adj. eonveniucd. 

CONVENTICLE, s. An assembly, 
a meeting, a secret assembly, s. 

CONVEN'TION. s. The act of com- 
ing together; an assembly; a con- 
tract, previous to a definitive trea- 
ty, adj. eonventional^ convention' 

CONVERGE'. V, To tend to one 
point, pr. par. eonvergingi past, 
eonoerged: adj. eonvergeTU, 

CONVERSAZIONE, s, A meeting 
of company for literary conversa- 

CONVERSE'. V. To hold intercourse 
with ; to discourse familiarly upon 
any subject, pr. par. conoersing; 
past, conversed f s. conoersaiion: 
adj. conversant^ conversable. 

CON'VERSE. s. A term in geometry 
and logic, signifying opposition, 
adv. conversely. 

CONVER'SION. 8. Act of being 
con verted ; state of being convert: 

CONVERT. V. To change into an- 
other substance ; to change from 
one religion or course of life, to 
another ; to turn from a bad, to a 
good life ; to appropriate, pr. par. 
converting; past, converted: s. 
con'vert^ converter: ^Ay convertible : 
s. convertibility^ pi. convertibilities. 

CON* VEX. adj. Rising in a circular 
form ; opposed to concave, s. con- 
vex^ convexity^ pi. convexities: adv. 

CONVEX'aCON'CAVE. mfj. Hav- 
ing the hollow on the inside cor- 
responding to the external protu- 

CONVEY"'. V. To carry; to impart; 
to remove secretly ; to transmit ; 
to transfer, pr. par. conveying; 
pa^t, conveyed: a. conveyance^ con- 

draws writings, by which proper- 
ty is transferred, s. conveyanetng. 
CONVICT. «. To prove guilty; to 

detect in guilt; to confute, pr. 

par. convicting; past, convicted: a. 

conviction^ con'vict: adj. convict 

CONVIN'CE. V. To overcome o 

satisfy by argument, pr. par^ con 

vindng; past, convinced: s. con 

vincer: aA}. convincible : adv. con 

CONVIV'IAL. adj. Social, cheer 

ful. 8. conviviality^ pi. convtDto/t- 

ties: adv. convivially. 
CON'VOCATE. V. To call together. 

pr. par. convocating; past, convo* 

eated: s. convocation. 
CONVOKE. V. To call together, pr. 

par. convoking; past, convoked. 
CONVOLVE'. V. To roll together 

pr. par. convolving; past, con 

CONVOLU'TION. s. Act of con 

volving. adj. convoluted. 

ICONVOY'. V. To accompany by 
land or sea, for the sake of de- 
fence, pr. par. convoying; past 
convoyed: s. con'voy. 

CONVOLVULUS, s. A genus of 
plants, pi. convolvuluses. 

CONVULSE'. V. To shake violently 
into disorder ; to give an irregular 
and involuntary motion, pr. par. 
convulsing; past, convulsed: s. 
conmdsion: adj. convulsive: adv. 

CO'NY. s. A rabbit, pi. conies. 

COO. V. To cry as a dove or pigeon, 
pr. par. cooing; past, cooed: s. 

COOK. s. One whose profession is 
to dress and prepare victuals, v. 
cook; pr. par. cooking; past, cook' 
ed: 8. cookery^ pi. cookeries. 

COOL. adj. Approaching to cold, 

not zealous, not ardent, v. co(4, 

pr. par. cooiing; ^a«t^ coofe<i: %. 

II cooZ, cooler , cooItmss : ^i^n . r.ooV\>|, 

coo— COP 

COOP. s. A cage; a pen for ani- 
mals. V. coop; pr* par. cooping; 
past, cooped. 

COO'PER. s. One that makes bar- 
re\s. 8. cooperage. 

COOPERATE. V. To labour or act 
jointly; to concur in the same ef- 
fect, pr. par. co-operating; past, 
co-operated: s. co-operatton, co- 
operator: adj. co-operative. 

CO-OR'DINATE. adj. Having the 
same rank. s. co-ordination: adv. 

COOT. s. A small black water-fowl. 

COP. 8. A quantity of cotton yarn 
which has been coiled round a 

COPAL'. 5. The Mexican term for 
a gum. 

COPAR'CENER. s. Such as have 

equal portions in the inheritance 
of their ancestors. 
COPARTMENT. s. Compartment. 

COPARTNER, s. A partner; one 
that has :i share in some common 
stock or affair, s. copartnership. 

COPE. 5. Any thing with which the 
liead is covered ; a sacerdotal vest- 
ment, worn in sacred ministration. 

COPE. V. To cover, as with a cope; 
to be equally eminent or success- 
ful with. pr. par. coping; past, 
coped: s. coping. 

COPER'NICAN. adj. Relating to the 
system of Copernicus. 

CCPIOUS. adj. Plentiful, abundant; 
not concise, adv. copiously: s. co- 

COPPER. *. One of the primitive 
metals, adj. copperish. 

COPPERAS, s, A name given to 
sulphate of iron. 

COPPER.PLATE. *. A plate of cop- 
per on which figures are engraved. 

COPPERSMITH, s. One that man- 
ufactures copper utensils. 

COPPICE. 8. Low woods, cut at 
stateA times, for fuel. 
COPSE, s. A place overgrown with 

ahor* wood. (abr. from coppice.) 


COPTIC, s. The language of thft 
Copts ; the ancient Egyptian lan- 

COPULA, s. In logic, signifies the 
word which unites the subject 
and predicate of a proposition. 

COP ULATE. V. To u nite, to conjoin, 
pr. par. copulating; past, copulaU 
ed: s. copulation: adj. copulative. 

COPY. «. Exact resemblance; a tran- 
script from the original; the uu- 
tograph. pi. copies: v. copy; pr. 
par. copying; past, copied: s. copier^ 

COPY-RIGHT. s. The property 
which an author, or his assignee, 
has in a literary work. 

COQUET. *. A gay, airy girl ; a wo- 
man who endeavours to attract 
notice, v. coquet; pr. par. coijuei 
ting; past, coquetted: s. coqutti-y. 
adj. coquettish. 

CORAL, s. A subaqueous plant, of 
a stony nature, adj. coralline. 

CORD. s. A rope; a string com. 
posed of several strands or twists 
certain quantity of wood ibi 
fuel, (128 cubic feet) supposed to 
be measured with a cord v. cord. 
pr. par. cording; past, corded: ». 

CORIXAGE. s. A quantity of cords; 
the ropes of a ship ; the price 
paid for measuring cords of wood. 

CORDELI'ER. s. A Franciscan friar, 
so named from the cord which 
serves him for a cincture. 

COR'DIAL. s. A medicine that in- 
creases the force of the heart ; any 
medicine that increases strengtli. 

COR'DIAL. adj. Reviving; invigo- 
rating; sincere; hearty, s. cordu 
aiityy pi. cordialities: tidv. cordially. 

COR'iX)N. s. An extensive line of 
soldiers, to prevent communica- 
tion between different parties. 

CORDOVAN', s. Spanish leather. 

CORD'WAINER. *. A shoemaker. 

CORiyWOOD. s. Fire-wood piled 
up for measurement. 

CORE. *. The heart ; the inner part, 


CORIAN'DER. s. A plant. n 

CORIN'THIAN. adj. Relating to 
Corinth; relating to one of the 
five orders of architecture. 

CORK. s. A kind of tree ; the bark 
of the cork-tree, used for stoppers. 
V. cork; pr. par. corking; past, 
corked: adj. corky. 

COR'MORATJT. s. A bird that preys 
upon fish. 

CORN. s. A species of farinaceous 
pl:int ; the fruit of that plant ; an 
excrescence on the feet, hard and 
painful. V. com; pr. par. coming; 
past, corned. 

CORN' AGE. s. A tenure which 
obliges the landholder to give no* 
tice of an invasion, by blowing a 

CORN'-CRAIK. 8. The land-rail ; so 
called probably from its constant 
note, craiky craik. 

COR'NEA. s. The horny coat of the 
eve. adj. corneous. 

CORNE'LIAN. s. A kind of precious 

COR'NER. «.'An angle; a secret or 
remote place, adj. comtred. 

COR'NET. 5. A kind of musical in- 
strument; the officer that bears 
the standard of a troop of horse. 

COR'NETCV. «. The commission of 
a cornet, pi. cometcies. 

COR'NICE. *. The highest projec- 
tion of a wall or column. 

Horned ; having horns. 

CORNUCaPIA. s. The horn of 
plenty; a heathenish fiction, re- 
ferring to the horn said to have 
been broken off from Acheldus, by 

COR'OLLARY. s. Conclusion ; sur- 
plus of a train of reasoning, pi. 

CORONATION, s. The act or so- 
lemnitv of crowning a king. 

COR'OxNER. s. An officer whose 
chief duty is to inquire, on the 
part of a sovereign or state, how 
•Qy r'lolent or arc/dental death 


was caused; for which purposei 

a Jury is empanneled. 
CORONET, s. An inferior crown, 

worn bv the nobility. 
COR'POKAL. adj. Relating to the 

body; material; not spiritual 

adv. corporally. 
CORPORAL. 5. The lowest officer 

in a corps of infantry. 
CORPORATE, adj. United in n 

body or community, adv. corpo- 

rately: s. corporation. 
CORPOREAL, adj. Having a body; 

not spiritual, adv. corporeally. 
CORPS. *. A body of soldiers ; a 

professional body, pronounced 

CORPSE.' s. A dead human bodv. 

s. Bulkiness of body. pi. corpu 
. lences, corpvlencies: adj. corpulent 
CORPUS'CLE. s. A small body; a 

particle of matter, adj. corpuscu- 

CORRECT. V. To make right; to 
remark a fault ; to amend ; to 
punish ; to chastise, pr. par. coT' 
reding; past, corrected: s. cor- 
' ret^or^ correctness^ correction: adj. 
correct^ correctioe: adv. correctly. 

CORRELATIVE, adj. Having re 
ciprocal relation, adv. correlative 

CORRESPONiy. V. To communi- 
cate by alternate letters ; to suit ; 
to fit. pr. par. corresponding; past, 
corresponded: s. correspondence^ 
correspondency^ pi. con'esponden- 
cies: ad}, correspondent: s. corres- 
pondent: adv. correspondingly. 

CORRIDOR, s. A gallery or long 
aisle round a building. 

CORRIGIBLE, adj. Relating to that 
which can be amended. 

CORROB'ORATE. v. To strength- 
en, by additional evidence; to 
confirm; to establish, pr. par 
corroborating; past, corroooratett. 
8. corroboratioa^torroboTaXw j %^» 

I corroborative. 


CORRO'DE. V. To consume slowly; 
to prey upon. pr. par. cwroding ; 
past, corroded. 

CORRaSION. 4. Act of corroding, 
adj. con'osive: adv. corrosively* 

CORRUPT. V. To turn from a 
sound to a putrescent state ; to de- 
prave ; to bribe, pr. par. corrupt- 
ing i past, corrupted: 2Ay corrupt: 
8. corrupter^ corruption^ corrupt- 


CORRUPTIBLE, adj. Possible to 
be corrupted, s. corruptibility. 

COR'SAIR. s. A pirate. 

CORSE, s. A dead body, a carcass. 

CORSE'LET. s. A light armour, for 
the fore part of the body. 

CORSET, s. A pair of stays for a 

CORTEGE. 8. A train of attend- 

CORTICATED, adj. Resembling 
the bark of a tree. 

CORUS'CATE. V. To glitter, pr. 
par. coruscating; past, corusca- 
ted: adj. coruscant: s. coruscation. 

CORVETTE, s. A small frigate; a 
sloop of war. 

COSMETIC, s. A preparation for 
improving beauty, adj. cosmetic. 

COSMOG'ON Y. s. The formation of 
the world; the creation, s. cos- 

COSMOGRAPHY. *. The science 
of the general system of the world. 
8. cosmographer: adj. cosmograph- 
ical: adv. cosmogrnphically. 

COSMOL'OGY. s. The science of 
the general svstem of the world. 

LITE. s. A citizen of the world ; 
one who is at home in every place. 

COS'S ACK. 5. One of the people in- 
habiting the Ukraine, under the 
Russian government. 

COST. s. The price of any thing ; 
Bumptuousness ; luxury, charge, 
expense, detriment, v. cost; pr. 
par. "costing; past, cost: adj. cost- 
less, costly s. costliness. 

COS'TAL. adj. Belonging to the 


COS'TIVE. adj. Bound in body 
constipated, s. costiveness. 

COSTUME, s. In painting, the dif 
ferent customs of times and places, 
to which a painter must coiiforniv 
with regard to dress. 

COT. *. A small house; a cottage; 
a small bed. s. cotter. 

COT. s. A little flat boat. 

COTE. s. A sheep-fold. 

RARY. s. Existing at the same 
time. pi. cotemporaries^ contempo' 

COTERIE'. *. A friendly or fash- 
ionable association. 

brisk, lively dance, in which eight 
or more persons are engaged. 

COTTAGE, s. A hut, a cot. s. col. 
tager^ cotter. 

COTTON, s. The down of the cct^ 
ton-tree ; cloth made of cotton v. 
cotton; pr. par. cottoning; pass', 
cottoned: adj. cottony. 

COUCH. V. To lie down on a place 
of repose; to lie down in secret, 
or ambush ; to stoop ; to bend ; to 
operate in a particular manner 
upon the eye. pr. par. couching, 
past, couched: s. couch, coucher. 

COUCH'ANT. adj. Couching, squat 

COUGH, s. An expressed convul 
sion of the lungs, v. covgh; pr. 
par. coughing; past, covghed: s 

COULD. V. The preterit of can. 

COUL'TER. s. The sharp iron of 
the plough, which cuts the earth 

COUN'CIL. a. An assembly of per- 
sons met together in consultation ; 
act of public deliberation; the 
body of privy counsellors. 

COUN'SEL. s. Advice, direction, 
consultation, interchange of opm- 
ions ; those that plead a cause, v. 
counsel; pr. par. counseling; past, 
counseled: s. counsellor. 

COUNT. V. To number, to tell, to 
reckon, to esteem, to unpute, tc 

\ cViaxge. ^T. ^ai. counting; past, 

cou— cou 

counted: s. c<nin': adj. countable^ 

COUNT, s. A title of foreign no- 
bility ; supposed equivalent to an 

COUNTENANCE s Form of the 
face ; patronage, air, look. v. coun- 
tenance; pr. par. countenancing; 
past, countenanced: s. countenan- 

COUNT'ER. s. A false piece of mo- 
ney, used as a means of reckon- 
ing ; the table on which goods are 
viewed in a shop. 

COUNTER, adj. Contrary, oppo- 

COUNTERACT, v. To hinder by 
contrary agency, pr. par. counter- 
acting; past, counteracted: s. coun- 
teracttry counteraction, 

weigh against, pr. par. conterbal- 
ancing, ptisi^ counterbalanced: s. 

mony by which the deposition of 
some former witness is opposed. 

COUNTERFEIT, v. To forge, to 
imitate, to cooy. pr. par. counter- 
feiting; past', counterfdted : s. 
counterfeit, coanteyfeiter^ adj. coun- 

COUN TERMAND. v. To repeal a 
command ; to prohibit, pc. par. 
countermanding; past, counter' 
manded: s. countermand. 

COUNTERMARCH, v. To march 
back over the same ground, pr. 
par. countermarching; past, coun- 
termarched: s. countermurch. 

COUNrERMlNE. *. A well or hole 
sunk into the ground, from which 
a gallery or branch runs out under 

. ground, to seek out the enemy's 
mine ; a stratagem by which any 
contrivance is defeated, v. coun- 
termine; pr. par. countermining; 
past, countermined: s. counter- 

COnNTERMO'TION. 8. Contrary 

cou— coa 

trary movement. 

COUNTERF VNE. s. A coverlet for 
a bed. 

COUNTERPART. *. The correi- 
ponding part. 

tion against another petition. \ 
counterpetiiion ; pr. par. counter 
petitioning; past, counterpeiitiontd 

COUNTERPLOT, v. To oppose one 
machination by another, pr. par. 
counterplotting ; past, counter^ 
plotted : s. counterplot. 

COUNTERPOINT. *. The act of 
composing harmony; an opposite 
point or course. 

COUNTERPOISE, v. To counter 
balance; to act against, with equal 
weight, pr. par. counterpoising 
past, counterpoised: s. counterpoitie. 


revolution succeeding anothci, and 
opposite to it. 

SCARP. *. (In fortification.) That 
side of the ditch which is next the 

COUNT'ERSIGN. v. To sign an or 
der or patent of a superior, in qual- 
ity of secretary, to render it more 
authentic, pr. par. countersigning t 
past, countersig^iiid: s. counttr 

COUNTERTEN'OR *. A term in 

COUNTERVAIL', v. Tobeequiva- 
lent to; to have equal force ur 
value, pr. par. coii»i<«rvo»7mo*;pafit, 
countervailed: s. cou'/iiervatl. 

COUNTERVIEW. s. OpjiORition; a 

posture in wli.chtwo persons front 

each other. 
COUNTERVaTE. v. To oppose, to 

outvote, pr. par. countervoitng , 

past, couniervoted. 
COUNTERWEIGH', v. To weich 

\ pasl, counltvueigKft^L. 

oou— cou 

COUNTERWORK', v. To counttf- 
act. pr. par. couniervjorkiiig i psist^ 

COUNT'ESS. s. The lady of an ear) 
or count, pi. caunUsses, 

COUNriiNG-HOUSE. s. The room 
appropriated to the books and ac- 
counts of a merchant. 

COUNTRY, s. A tract of land; a 
region ; the place of one^s birth ; 
the native soil. pi. countries, 

CX)UN'TRY-DANCE. s. A kind of 

COUNTRYMAN, s. One born in 
the same country ; a rustic, a hus- 
bandman, pi. counirumen. 

COUNTY, s. A shti-e*; a circuit or 
portion of a country, under the 
jurisdiction of a sheriff, pi. cottn- 

COUP-DE-GRACE'. «. The stroke 
which terminated the sufferings of 
those who had been broken on the 

COUP-DE-MAIN'. s. A military ex- 
pression, denoting an instanta- 
neous, unexpected, and generally 
desperate attack. 

COUP-EKOEITi. *. The first view of 
any tiling ; a slight view of it. 

COIJPE'E. s. A motion in dancing. 

COUPT.E. s. A mcansof joining two 
things; two, a male and his female; 
a brace, v. couple,' pr. par. coup- 
lings past, coupled, 

i'OUP'LE-BEGGAR. s. One that 
makes it his business to marry beg- 
gar? to each other. 

COl) PLET. s. Two verses ; a pair 
of rhymes ; a pair. 

COUR'AGE. s. Bravery ; active for- 
titude; spirit of enterprise, adj. 
co7trag'eotis.- adv. courageoudy. 

COly RiER. 5. A messenger sent in 
haste ; an express. 

(X)URSE. s. Race : career; passage 
from place to place; progress; 
ground on which a race is run. v. 
course; pr. par. ct/ursing; past, 
coursed: 8. courser. 
COURT, s. Thepluce where a prirce 

rvaidcs; a palace; a hail or cham ji 


bei* where just.ce is administered; 

open space before a house, adj. 

courtlike, courtly, courtliness. 
COURT, r. To woo, to solicit, to seek, 

pr. par. courting; past, covrted. 
COURT'EOUS. adj. Havi.ig the re 

fined manners of a court ; polite 

adv. courteously : s. courtemismess, 

A woman of the town. 

COURT'ESY. 5. Elegance of man- 
ners ; civility ; a tenure or title de- 
rived from another, pi. courtesies. 

COURT'ESY. *. The reverence 
made by women, (pronounced 
curtse.) pi. courtesies: v. courtesy, 
pr. par. couriesying; past, coitt' 

COUR'THAND. s. The hand or 
manner of writing used in recoi da 
and judicial proceedings. 

COUR'TIER. *. One that frequents 
the courts of princes; one that 
courts the favour of others. 

COURT-MAR'TIAL. s. A court con 
sisting of militarv officers. 

COURTSHIP, s. 'The solicitation 
of a woman to marriage. 

COUS'IN. s. Any one collaterally 
related more remotely than a 
brothPT or sister ; a kinsman. 

COVE. 5. A small creek or bay. 
COVK V To arch over. pr. pt.r. 

coving; past, coved. 
COVENANT, s. A contract, a slip. 

ulation; an agreement on certain 

terms, v. covenant; pr. par. covC' 

nanting; past, covenanted: s. cop- 

COVER. ». To overspread; lo 

overwhelm; to bury; to shelter, to 

protect, pr. par. covering; past, 

covered' s. cover, covering, cov- 

COVERLET, s. The outermost of 

the bed-clothes. 
COVERT, s. A shelter, a hidin|» 

place, adj. covert : adv. covertly. 
COVERTURE, s. Shelter, defence, 

in law, the condition of a womac 

duuivc Vv« vott.ttW'ft, 


GOV F.T. V. To desire inordinately, 
pr. pai:> c.oveiing; past, coveted: 
adj. comeious: adv. covetously: s. 
cooeier^ covetousness. 

fX)V'EY. 5. A brood of partridges ; 
an old bird and her young ones. 

COV'ING. 5. A term in building, 
used of houses, that project over 
the ground-plot. 
OVV. s. The female of the bull. 
0\V. V. To depress with fear. pr. 
par. cowing; past, cowed. 
OVV ARD. s. a poltroon, whose pre- 
dominant passion is fear. 8. cow- 
ardice: adj. cowardlike: adj. and 
adv. cowardly. 

COWFR. V. To sink by bending the 
kneed ; to stoop, pr. par. cower- 
ing; past, cotoered. 

COWHERD, s. One who attends 

COVV-HOUSE. 8. A house in which 
cows are kept. 

COWTj. 8. A monk^s hood. adj. 

COW-POCK. *. A disorder, derived 
from the teats of cows, now called 
the oacdne. 

COWSLIP. * A species of prim- 

COX'COMB. *. A fop ; a superficial 
pretender to knowledge or accom- 
plishments, adj. coxcomical, 

coy. adj. Modest, decent, not ac- 
cessible, adv. coyly: s. coyness. 

COZEN. V. To cheat, to trick, pr. 
par. cozening; past, cozened: s. 
cozenage^ cozener. 

('KAB. 8. A crustaceous fish; a 

wild, sour apple. 
CRAB'BED. adj. Peevish, morose, 

harsfh. adv. crabbedly: s. crabbed- 

CRXCK. 8. A narrow breach; the 

sound of any body bursting; any 

sudden and quick sound, v. crack; 

pr. par. cracking; past, cracked: 

s. cracker. 

CRACK'BRAJiVKD. adj. Crazy. 


CRACKER. 8. A. small biscuit ; a 
squib ; a barbarous wagoner, Irom 
the interior of the southern st'Ucs 

CRACK'LE. V. To make slighi 
cracks ; to make small and fre- 
quent noises, pr. par. crackUng, 
p ist, crackled: s. crackling. 

CRA'DLE. *. A movable bed, in 
which children are rocked ; a sort 
of frame affixed to a scythe, v. 
cradle; pr. par. cradling; past, 
cradled: s. crad/rr. 

CRAFT. 8. Manial art; trade; 
fraud, cunning, rdv. craftily: s 
craftiness: adj. Ctnfty. 

CRAFTSMAN, s. An artificer, a 

CRAG. 8. A rough, steep rock. adj. 
cragt;i.d, craggy: a. craggedniss^ 

CRAM. V. To stuff wi*h more than 
can conveniently be held; to thrubt 
in by force, pr. par. cramming, 
past, crammed: s. crainvier. 

CRAM'BO. 8. A play at which one 
gives a word, to which another 
finds a rhyme. 

CRAMP. *. A spasm or contraction 
of the limbs ; a restrictii^n ; a con- 
finement, y. cramp; pr. par. cramp* 
ing; past, cramped. 

CRAN'BERRY. s. The whonleberry 
or bilberrv. pi. cranberries. 

( RANCH, CRAUNCH.t>. T> crush 
in the mouth, pr. par. croTwhingf 
past, cranched. 

CRANE. 8. A bird with a lon(» beak 
an instrument made with ropes 
pulleys, and hooks, by which great 
weights are raised. 

CRAN'IUM. *. The skull. 

CRANK. 8. The end of an iron axis, 
turned square down, and again 
turned square to the first turning 

CRAN'N Y. 5. A chink, a fissure, pi. 
crannies: adj. crannied. 

CRAPE. 5. A thin stuff, looseW 

CRASH. V. To make a loud, com 
plicated t\o\s%, ^% ^^ tjvkwj >^\v»!^ 


par. crashing; past, crashed: s. 
crojsh^ crashing". 

CRA TIC. s. A pannier or wicker 

CRA'TER. s, A vent, or aperture. 
' CRAUNCH, CRANCH. v. To crush 
in the mouth, pr. par. craunch- 
ing, past, craimched. 

CRAVAT. 8. A neckcloth; some- 
thing worn about the neck. 

CRAVE. V. To ask with earnest- 
ness ; to entreat ; to long. pr. par. 
craving; past, craved: s. craver. 

CRA'VEN. s. A coward, a recreant, 
adj. craven, 

CRAW. s. The crop or first stomach 
of birds. 

small crustaceous fish. 

CRAWX. V. To creep, to move as 
a worm. pr. par. crawling; past, 
crawled: s. crawler. 

CRAY'ON. s. A kind of pencil, used 
for drawing. 

CRAZE. V. To break, to crush, to 
weaken, to impair the intellect, 
pr. par. crazing; past, crazed: s. 
craziness: ady crazy: adv. cro2%. 

CREAK. V. To make a harsh, pro- 
tracted noise, pr. par. creaking ; 
past, creaked. 

CREAM, s. The unctuous or oily 
part of milk ; the best part of any 
thing. V. cream; pr. par. cream- 
ing; past, creamed: adj. creamy. 

CREASE. *. A mark made by doub- 
ling any thing, v. creuse; pr. par. 
creasing; past, creased. 

CREATE. V. To form out of noth- 
ing; to cause to exist ; to produce; 
to cause, pr. par. creating; past, 
created: s. creation^ creator: adj. 

CRE'ATURE. s. A being not self- 
existent, but created by the Su- 
preme Power ; an animal, a gen- 
eral term for man. 

C;RE'DENCE. s. Belief, credit, adj. 

CRKDENiyA. s. Things to be be- 
liefed articles of Ciu{.\i, 


CREDEN'TIAL. s. Tliat which gives 
a title to credit ; the warrant upou 
which belief is claimed, aiij. crz 

CRED'IHLE. adj. Worthy of credit 
8. credibility, pi. credihiUiies. 

CRED'IT. s. Belief, honour, trust, 
respectability, allowance, v. creil- 
it; pr. par. crediting; past, cred- 
ited: adj. creditable: adv. crtdit- 

CREiyiTOR. s. He to whom a debt 
is owed ; one who credits. 

CREiyULOUS. adj. Apt lo believe 
unsuspecting, adv. credulously 
8. creaulity, pi. credvHiies. 

CREED, s. A form of words, in 
which articles of religious faith 
are comprehended. 

CREEK, s. A prominence or jut in 
a v/inding coast ; a small port ; a 
bay, a cove. 

CREEK. V. To make a harsh noise, 
pr. par. creeking; pnst, creeked. 

CREEP. V. To move as a worm ; to 
grow along the ground, or on 
other supports; to move slowly 
and feebly, pr. par. creeping; past, 
crept: s. creeper: adv. creepingly, 

CRE'OLE. 5. A native of the south- 
ern parts of America and the West 
Indies, born of white European 

CREPT. Preterit of the v. creep. 

CREPUS'CCJLE s Twilight, adj 

CRES'CENT. adj. Increasing, grow 
ing. s. crescent: adj. cresdve. 

CRESS. *. A species of herb. pi. 

CREST. 5. The plume of feathers 
on the top of the ancient helmet ; 
the comb of the cock ; any orna- 
ment or tuft on the head. v. crest; 
pr. par. cresting; past, crested. 
adj. crestless. 

CRESTFALLEN, adj. Dejected, 
sunk ; dispirited. 

CREVICE, s. A crack, a cleft. 

CREW. s. A company of people 
associated for any purpose; the 
\\ compwvv o^ ^ %\vv^. 

CRIB. J. The tack ot lanngei of i 

CBlK'UAfiE. I. Asameoruutils. 

CRiCKET.i. AnitisuclLhUBqiiealii 
ur chirpi abuut avem bm fire- 
plscea ; a ipurl at which Ihe 

1. , __ J_i L.ll .„«!, -,:-L 

;CRfX:li. J. A cup: an) 
I of earth. ■. c-oMtry. 
I uhibioKt, vor 

n onus. 1. I 

CHIME, L An ncl contmry to tight ; 

■iiDlTBNceiiigleiit Hull. 
CRiMWAL adj. PartakiBg or 

mU, o-vniiwi/tly, jiL. ennunatilia^ 
ailT. triminalla. 
CIUM'INATE. 1). To BccuM,_ to 
charirc willi crime, pr. nai. o-inii- 
xatiHe! pnal. ctvainalia: a. crimi- 
ail]. cruiinalwy. 
r. Tocurlorcriipthchait. 
crimping; put, cnnyiul. 

SDDd >. cranf. 
'SON. >., Red, in n Blight de- 
gree darkeoed with hloe. v. cHm- 
™' ^Ll'"' "■'™°™'^'" I 

UhlfiGE. e. To tow, to fawi 

t, pr.T> 


r. ODelhul IS lame. 
mpplii pr. pur. tnpflingi paa 

CRl'iilS. ». Tha lieiglit, or torn I 
D disciue; critic^] time. pi. erisi 

CRISP. 0.1;. IndenteJ, brittle, n-i. 
ble, Bhorl.britk, v.trup,- pr. po 
eri*pinff; p^it, erirpid: a. ctr^nui^ 

CatlTETflOS. ». AiDMk, 

CRIT'IC. ). Onewhoisrondor. 
ndl. CI ilicnt: idv. erilically. 

CnmClSE. II. Toiilajlliecrit 
tojiid^ pr. par._ crilldan^: p> 

ion criticnl Tcmirlia. 
nfiUAK. n. Tn malit u honne.low 
noiie, like a iVog. pr. par. croot- 


A' kind of am. 
if'Uower. pi 


(OK. I. Anvcrookud orhen'; in- 
mmenl; aelicop-hook. V cnot, 
. pur. crodtiBg-,* pnii, crooili 
lOK'ED. Bd;.t 
Hiding, pcrvcrsi 

CROOtEN. V. To makB crooked 
pr. par. croo^fmn^ ; pael, crooJ^ 

CROP. I. The CT?>T of a bird ; the 
■est. V. crop i pr. par. crop- 

\ kind of pigeon, 

CRO-SIER. . ., . 

ROSS. I. OnDslrllglitliudj'iaidEt 

ROSS. adj. Trangverac, oblique) 
advorsB, peaviih. air. enuilg ■ i. 

CROS.S. V. To lav one body, or 
inn' uiictiiiBUlhwiirt nnolhvr tu 
uss OTer; to thwart, pr. ptu. 

rnrmedbvplacingfLlKiiTacniM ■ 

CROSS-CUT. t. To coi acTMS. pr. 

par. erou-mffioc'; past, crots-evL 
CBOSS-EXAIWINE. r. To trv the 

CROSS'-LEGGED, odj. HavingthR 


iiu at riddle. 

mamiiie. pr^par- crostrguali 

pat, Brosa-qtmliiHied. 
CROTCH'ET «. Aletminn 
i^iOUCH. B. Toiloop low; 

clone to the Dround; to 

pn par- croutAing! past, i 

ed: B. croHtAer. 
CROUP. J. A kindofaethmE 

CROW. . 
CROW. \ 

A k1n< 

of Urd : I 



iijtng; past, crototd. 


rBOWD, ». A multitude courused- 
ly pteflfied together- t- crowd; pr, 
nar crmffdinr; put, crovrr^ 
;R0WH. j. Tne ornament of the 


head, which c 
regal dignityj 

Aiii] ; IhB to 

past, craumai , 

CRUt:!^^ t. A chymist'a melt. 

CRlMlFV. B. To put to death hj 

cross art upright, pr. par. cnici- 
fsi«gi P"". crudjicd: r. truci- 

CRIJ'CIFORM. adj. Uiving the 

CRUDE, adj. Unfinished, inipnrp. 

raw, hnrsh, unripe. «d». erarfc/y.. 

■. c-rudeTUST, crvditVt pi. rrvdilirs. 
CRUTL. od,-. Inlintnan.hurd.hearl- 

ed, void of pity. ndv. rrue/lj .- i. 

trjidlti, pi. crvrffi'u. 
CRU'BT. t A via] for .inegar or oil, 

with a stopper. 
CRUISE. I. A >ca-adventure : a vnv- 
tgB in aearch of plunder. V. 
eruiat; pr. par. iruitinfi past. 


CRL'JID, CKUM. .. The aoHrart 
■ hr«id; a .mall pa.ticle.r (i^- 

CBJfM'ULK V. To ( 

imblmg, past 

CRUM'l'irr. a. A aoftcake. 
CRUM'PLE. V. To dtiw uno wnr. 
a; tu EOiitract, pr. par. crvmp- 
- .r. p"st, cnimpUd: ». avmpliiig. 
CKUfl'KB. I. That p;irl ol the 
scman'a furullure that rcachen 

CRUSH. D. To prcii between two 

. cruskingi paal, malitd.' s 

CRUST. .. A shell or eilcrna) coat; 

hard port ct bread. 
CRUSTA'CEOUS. adj. Shrlly, niili 


CBUS'TILV. oiJi;. Hee.irtilj, Biiip. 

plahW- a. ertistintts; adj. trrts^y. 

CBCS'ty. oi/j. Covered with > 

CRV. a. To apeak with vehemence ; 
^all importunaiclj; to proclaim; 
weep. pr. par. cryinf f part, 
jd; a. cni, nl, crru, crrrr, crytr. 

CRYPTOGTfAI'HY. .. Thetcieuca 
or writing iccret chomclerii ci. 

CBYSTALLIZr- V. To cause la 
gea) Incrjetala; to rorm into 
stnit,. pr. par. crTlUfllhing; 
I, crurfoaiiti- a. LTT)Jfa//rJa(rnn. 

CDB. ». The vounR of a beast, 
Eenerally ornbcarnr Ibi. t. mb. 


CI;BA'TI0.\. 8. The act of lying 
dowu. adj. cuoatory. 

CUBE. i. A regular, solid body, 
having six square and equal sides, 
and all its angles right angles. 

CUBE-ROOT. ». The origin of a 
cubic number ; or a number by the 
multiplication of which into itself, 
and again into the product, any 
ffiven number is formed, adj. cu- 
bical: adv. cvhioally: s. cubical- 

CU'BIFORM. adj. Of the shape of 
a cube. 

CU'Bir. 8. An ancient measure, 
equal to the length of a man^s arm 
from the elbow to the extrem- 
ity oi' the fingers ; about eighteen 

CUCK'OLD. s. One that is married 
*o an adultress. v. cuckxAd; pr. 
par. cuckolding; past, cuckolded: 
R. cuckoldom. 

CUCK'OO. 3. A species of bird. 

CU'CUMBER. 8. The name of a 
pl.ant, and the fruit of that plant. 

CUD. 5. The food which is deposit- 
ed in the first stomach, in order to 

CUEKOLE. V. To lie close, to squat. 
pr. par. cuddling f past, cuddled. 

CUDG'EL. 8. A stick to strike with. 
V. cudgel; pr. par. cudgeling; past, 
cudgeled: s. cudgeUr. 

CUE. 8. The tail or end of any 
thing, as, the long curl of a wig ; 
the last words of a speech, which 
the player who is to answer catch- 
es, and regards as an intimation to 
begin ; a hint ; an intimation. 

CUFF. 8. A blow with the fist; part 
of the sleeve, v. cuff"; pr. par. 
cuffing; past, cuffed. 

CUrRASS. 8, A breastplate, pi. cui- 

CUmASSIER. *. A soldier who 
wears a cuirass. 

CUrj)EE'. 8. One of the ancient 
monks in Scotland and Ireland. 

CVLINARV. adj. Relating to the 
kitchen, or cookery, 


CULL. V. To select from otheis; to 

pick out of many. pr. par. cullingt 

past, culled: a. culler. 
CULLlBiL'iTV. 8. Creduiity; casi 

ness of belief, pi. cullibiliiies. 
CULM. 8. A kind of pit-coal. 
CUL'MINATE. v. To be vertical; 

to be in the meridian, pr. par. 

cuiminuting; past, culminated: a 

CUL'PABLE adj. Criminal, blama« 

ble, guilty, s. culpability, pi. culf 

pabiuties: adv. culpably. 
CULTRlT. 8. A man arraigned be 

fore his judge ; one accused. 
CULTIVATE. V. To forward or 

improve the product of the earth, 

by manual industry, pr. par. cutti 

vaiing; past, cultivated: s. cufU, 

vation, cultivator. 
CULTURE. 8. The act of cultivi- 

tion; tillage. 
CUM'BER V. To encumber, to em* 

barrass, to entangle, to obstruct. 

pr. par. cumbering; past, cumber- 
ed: s. cumbrance: adj. cumbrous' 

adv. cumbrously. 
CUMULATE. r.'To heap togethc; 

to accumulate, pr. par. cumvlal' 

ing; past, cumulated: s. cumvlx- 

Hon: iidj. cumulative. 
CU'NEAL. adj. Relating to a wedge. 

adj. cuneated. 
CU'NIFORM. adj. Having the form 

of a wedge. 
CUN'NING. adj. Skilful, knowing, 

artful, sly, designing, s. cunnings 

cunningness : adv. cunningly. 
CUP. s. A small vessel to drink out 

of; a small hollow vessel. 

CUP. V. To fix a glass bell or cu* 
curbite upon the skin, for the pur- 
pose of drawing the blood by 
scarification and rate action, pr. 
par. cupping; past, tupped: s 

CUPBEARER, s. An attendant who 
gives wine at a feast. 

CUP'BOARD. *. AcasfcycWx^VvfeVsvv 
in wV\\c\\ NYctMiia "st tcwiNXveK^^x^ 
are lUced. 


CtTID'ITY. s. Concupiscence ; un- 
lawful or unreasonable longing, 
pi. cupidities. 

CU'iX)LA. s. A dome; the hemi- 
spherical summit of a building. 

CUTREOL'S. adj. Coppery; con- 
sisting of copper. 

CUR. 8. A wortnless, degenerate 
dog. adj. currish: adv. currishly: 
s. currishness. 

CU'RATE. 8. A clergyman, hired to 
perform the duties of another ; a 
parish priest. 

CU'RACY. *. Employment or office 
of a curate, pi. curacies. 

CU'RATIVE. adj. Relating to the 
cure of diseases. 

CURATOR. 8. One that has the care 
and superintendence of any thing; 
a guardian appointed by law. 

CURB. 8. An iron chain, made fast 
to the upper part of the branches 
of a bridle, and running over the 
beard of the horse ; restraint ; in- 
hibition. V. curb; pr. par. curbing; 
past, curbed. 

CURB'-STONE. s. A thick kind of 
stone, placed at the edge of a foot- 

CURD. s. The coagulation of milk ; 
the concretion of the thicker parts 
of any hquor. v. curd; pr. par. 
mrding; past. Curded: adj. curdy. 
CURD'LE. V. To coagulate, to con- 
irele. pr. par. curdling; past, 
CURE. s. Remedy, restorative, v. 
cure; pr. par. curing; past, cured: 
adj. curable. 
CUR'FEW. 8. An evening peal, by 
which William the Conqueror 
commanded that every man should 
cover his fire, and extinguish his 
light ; so that, in many places, at 
this day, where a bell is customa- 
rily rung towards bed-time, it is 
said to ring curjeio. 
CURIO^^O. 8. A curious person ; a 

CU'RIOUS. adf. Inquisitive; desir- 
ous of informntion ; exact ; nice ; 
laboured; worthy of e J'" ~* '•*'"* "^'v; 


8. curiosity J pi. curiosities: adv. CU' 

CURL. V. To turn the hair in ring- 
lets ; to writhe ; to twist, pr. pur. 
curling; past, curled: s. cwW, 
curliness: adj. curly. 

CURLEW, s. A kind of wild fowl 

CURMUDGEON, s. An avaricious, 
churlish fellow ; a miser. 

CURRANT. *. A small fruit. 

CURRENCY, s. Circulation, gene- 
ral reception, continuance, pi. cur- 
rencies: adj. and s. current: adv. 

CURRICLE, s. A chariot; in mo- 
dern times, an open chaise with 
two wheels, drawn by two horses 

CURHY. V. To dress leather; to 
drub; to rub a horse in order to 
smooth him. pr. par. currying, 
past, curried: s. currier. 

CUR'RY. 8. A word imported from 
the East Indies, denoting- a mix- 
ture of various eatables. 

CURHYCOMB. *. An iron instru 
ment for currying horses. 

CURSE. V. To wish evil to ; to exe- 
crate ; to devote ; to afflict pr. 
par. cursing; past, curscfZ : s. Lurse, 
cursednesSy curser: adv. cursedly. 

CURSORY, adj. Hasty, quick, in- 
attentive, adv. cursorily: s. cwr* 

V. To cut off, to cut 
par. curtailing ; past, 
8. curtailer^ curtail' 

short, pr. 
curtailed : 

CURTAIN, s. A cloth contracted 
• or expanded at pleasure, for the 
purpose of regulating the admis- 
sion of light, or of displaying oi 
concealing an object, v. curtain, 
pr. par. cur tomtng-,- past, curtained. 

CIJRT'SY. *. See CouRTEsv. 

CU'RULE. adj. An epithet applied 
to the chair in which the Roman 
magistrates sat. 

CURVE. V. To bend, to crook, pr 
par. curving; past, curved- s 

I curve, cumafwCj cvrvation. adj 

\ ctiroaltdr ¥• curoU)i^^.curx>VU«i 


CURVE1\ V. To leap, to bound, to 
frisk, pr. par. curveting i past, 
curveted: s. cur^vet. 

CURVILIN'EAR. adj. Consisting 
of a crooked line. 

CUSH'ION.5. Apillow for a seat; a 
soft pad placed upon a chair, v. 
cushion; pr. par. cushioning f past, 

CUS'TARD. *. A kind of sweet- 
meat, made by boiling eggs with 
milk and sugar. 

CUS'TODY. s. Imprisonment, re- 
straint of liberty, care. pi. custo- 
dies: adj. custodial. 

CUS'TOM. s. Habit; habitual prac- 
tice; fashion; established man- 
ner; application from buyers, 
adj. customary: adv. customarUy. 
8. cusinmer. 

rUS'TOM-HOUSE. s. The house 
where the taxes upon goods im- 
ported or exported, are collected. 

CVT. V. To penetrate with an edged 
instrument ; to hew ; to carve ; to 
separate, pr. par. cutting} past, 
cut : 8. ru<, cutter^ cutting. 

CUTA'NEOUS. adj. Relating to the 

CUTICLE, s. The first and outer- 
most covering of the body; the 

CUTLASS. 8. A broaj cutting 
sword, pi. cutlasses. 

CU'ri£R. s. One who makes or 
sells knives, and other edged in- 
struments. 8. cutlery^ pL cutleries. 


CUTLET, s. A steak ; properly, a 

CUTPURSE. *. A thief. 
CUTTER, s. An agent or instru- 
ment that cuts; a swift-sailing 

boat, that cuts the w^ater. 
CUTTLE, s. A kind of fish. 
CY'CLE. s. A circle; a periodical 

space of time. 
CY CLOID. s. A species of geomet 

rical curve, adj. eycloidal. 

A circle of knowledge ; a course 

of the sciences. 
CY'CLOPS. s. A fabled race of men, 

of gigantic stature, who inhabited 

the western part of Sicily, and 

were said to have only one eye, in 

the middle of the forehead, adj. 

CY'DER. s. See Cider. 
CYG'NET. s. A young swan. 
CYLINDER, s. A body having two 

flat surfaces, and one circular. 

adj. cylindrical, cylindnc. 
CYL'INDROID. *. A solid body, 

differing from the cylinder, as 

having its bases elliptical, but par 

allcl and equal. 
CYM'BAL. s. A musical instrument. 
CYN'IC. s. A follower of Diogenes 

a disagreeable, snarling ^Uow 

adj. cynicy cynical. 
CY'PHER. s. See Cipher. 
CYTRESS. *. A kind of tree. pL 

CZAR *. The title of the emperor 

of Russia, fern, czanna. 




DAB. s. A small lump of any thing; 
a blow with something moist or 

OAB'BLE. V. To smear, to daub, to 
spatter, pr. par. dabbling; past, 
Jahblsd- 8. dabbler, 

D.^ C^fO. s. A term in music, 
signifying tlmt the first part of the) 

tune should be repeated at th 

DAC'TYLE. s. A poetical foot, con 

sisting of one long syllable an 

two short. 
DAD, DAiyDY. *. A child's way of 

expre.savns C^ilVvet. ^\. dtwWxw. 
DAFFM>\1., \>kY^O\SV\^ v K 

kind ot igTuuvV 


DAG'GKR. s. A short sword, a 

. puignard. 

DAI'LY. adj. Happening every day, 
or very frequently, adv. dauy. 

DAINTY". *. Something nice or del- 
icate, pi. dainties : s. daintiness * 
adi. damiy: adv. dainiUy, 

DAI RY. 5. A place where milk is 
kept. pi. dairies. 

DArkY-MAID. s. The woman-ser- 
vant whose business is to manage 
the milk. 

DAl'SY. 5. A spring-flower, pi. 

DALE. s. A low place between 
hills ; a vale ; a valley. 

DAL'LY. V. To trifle; to play the 
fool ; to sport ; to delay, pr. par. 
dalli^ingf past, daUied: s. daUier^ 

DAM. s. The mother; a term used 
for beasts. 

DAM. V. To confine, or shut up 
water by a bank. pr. par. dammingi 

Xast, dammed: s. dam. 
M'AGE. s. Mischief, hurt, detri 
ment. v. damage; pr. par. dainag- 
ing; past, damaged: adj. damage- 

DAM'ASK. 8. Linen or silk invent 
ed at Damascus, which, by a vari- 
ous direction of the threads, ex- 
hibits flowers or other forms, v. 
damask; pr. par. damasking; past, 

DAME. s. A woman of rank; mis- 
tress of a low family; a term appli- 
ed to women in general. 

DAMN. V. To condemn, to curse, 
pr. par. damning; past, damned: 
s. damnation: adj. damnable^ dam- 
natory . adv. damnably. 
AMP. adj. Moist; inclining to wet; 
foggy, s. damp^ damper^ dampness: 
v. damp; pr. par. damping; past, 
damped: adj. dampish. 

DAM'SEL. s. A young gentlewo- 
man ; a country lass. 

DAM'SON. s. A small black plum. 
DANCE, t. To move in measure, 
w^ith steps corresponding to the 

sound of Jnstrumcnta. pr. par. 


dancing; past, danced: s. danee^ 

dancer^ dancing. 
DANDELl'ON. s. A species of plant. 
DAN'DLE. V. To shake a cliild on 

the knee, ur in the hand. pr. par. 

dandling; past, dandled: s. dan' 

DANE. s. A native of Denmark, idj 

DANE'WORT. s. A species of elder. 
DAN'GER. s. Risk, hazard, periL 

adj. dangerous: adv. dangerously 
DANG'LE. V. To hang loose and 

quivering; to hang upon any one 

pr. par. dangling; past, dangled 

8. dangler. 
DAPPER, adj. Little and active 

lively, without bulk ; pretty; neat 
DAPPLE. V. To mark with various 

colours; to streak, pr. par. dap- 

pline; past, dappled: adj. dapple. 
DARE. V. To have sufficient cour 

age; to challenge; to defy. pr. par 

firing; past, dared: s. darcr : adj 

daring: adv. daringly: s. daring 

DARK. adj. Not light; wanting 

light; opaque; obscure, s. dark, 

darkness: adv. darkly. 
DARK'EN. V. To make darx; lo 

cloud ; to perplex, pr. par. dark 

ening; past, darkened: s. darkener: 

ady. darkish. 
DAR'LING. s. A favourite; one 

much beloved, adj. darling. 
DARN. V. To mend holes, by imi- 
tating the texture of the stuff", pr. 

par. darning; past, darned: s. 

corn, darner. 
DART. s. A missile weapon, ihr'-wn 

by the hand. v. dart; pr. par. dart" 

ing; past, darted: s. darter. 
DASH. V. To throw or strike any 

thing suddenly ; to confound, pr. 

par. dashing; past, dashed- s. dash. 

DASTARD, s. A coward, a pol- 

troon. adv. dastardly: s. dasiatd- 

DASTARDISE. v. To intimidate 

to deject with cowardice, pr. par 

dostardismg ; ^vs&V^ dostardtseiil. 


DJtTA. 8, Truths admilted ; things 
given, or premises, as grounds of 
argument, sing, datum, 

DA'i E. 3. The time at which a let- 
ter is written ; the time at which 
any event happened, v. date; pr. 
par. dating; past, dated: s. dater. 

DATE s. The fruit of the date-tree. 

DA'1'1 VE. adj. A case in grammar, 
denoting to whom given. 

DAUB. V. To smear with something 
aKihesive; to paint coarsely, pr. 
par. daubing; past, daubed: s. 
daub^ dauber^ daubing. 

DAUGHTER. *. The female off- 
spring of a woman; a woman, 
adj. dUiughierly. 

DAUNT. V. To discourage, to fright, 
pr. par. dataUing; past, daunted: 
adi. dauntless: s. dauntlessness. 

DAlJ'PHIN. s. The heir-apparent to 
the crown of France, fcm. dau- 
phinesSf pi. dauphinesses. 

DAW. *. A kind of crow. 

VWITLER. 5. A trifler, a dallier. 

DAWN. V. To grow luminous; to 
begin to grow light; to glimmer 
obscurely, pr. par. dawning; past, 
ddwned: s. davm, dawning. 

D\V. s. The time between the 
rising and setting of the sun, call- 
ed the artijicial day ; the time oc- 
cupied in a complete revolution 
of a planet on its axis, called a 
natural dav. 

D A VBREAK. *. The dawn ; the first 
appearance of light. 

DAYLIGHT, s. The light of the 

DAYTIME, s. The time in which 
there is light. 

DAZ'ZLb: V. To overpower with 
light. Pi*, par. dazzling; past, daz- 
zled- s. dazzler. 

DE A CON. s. One of the lowest of 
the three orders of the clergy. 
fem. deaconess: s. deaconry^ pi. 
deaconnes: s. deaconship. 

DEAD. adj. Deprived of life ; inan- 
imate; serseless. s. dead^ dead- 
ness: adj. and adv. deadly 

DEAJXEN. V. To deprive of diiy 


kind of force or sensation, fi 
make vapid or spiritless, pr. pau 
deadening; past, deadened. 

DEAD-LIFT. *. A lift without any 
mechanical aid; hopeless exi- 

DEAD-RECK'ONING. s. That esti 
mation or conjecture which lh»* 
seamen make of the place where 
a ship is, by keeping an account 
of her way. 

DEAF. adj. Wanting the sense of 
hearing, v. deafen; pr. par. deaf- 
etiing; past, deajened: adv. dtaj"' 
ly: s. deafness. 

DEAL. 8. Quantity; degree of, more 
or less ; fir-wood, or the wood of 
the pine. 

DEAL. V. To distribute cards at a 

Same; to traffic; to behave well or 
1 in any transaction, pr. par. deal' 

ing"; past, dealt: s. dealer^ dealing. 
DEALT. Pret. and past par. of the 

V. deal. 
DEAN. s. The second dignitary of 

a diocese ; the name of an officer 

in some colleges, s. deanery^ pi. 

DEAR. adj. Beloved, favourite, dar- 
ling; not plentiful; high-priced. 

s. dear^ aeamess^ deary: adv. 

DEAR'-BOUGHT. adj. Purchased 

at a high price. 
DEARTH, s. Scarcity which m;.kes 

food dear ; want ; famine. 
DEATH. *. The extinction of life : 

mortality; destruction, adj. Jea^V 

ful^ deathlesSy deathlike. 
DEATH -BED. s. The bed to which 

a person is confined by mortal 

DEATH'S-DOOR'. s. A near ap- 
proach to death. 
DEBAR'. V. To e»clnde, to hinder. 

pr. par. debarring; past, debar^d, 
DEBARB'. V. To deprive of the 

beard, pr. par. debarbing; past, 

DEBARK'. V. To dvs^vcvVmV. -^x. 

par. debarking ; ^xv&^.^ d*\iaTk«^, * 

debar katiovu 


BEBA'SE. V. Ti reduce from a 
higher to a lower state; to de- 
grade, pr. par. debasing f past, 
aebased: s. debasement^ deoaser. 

DEBA'TE. s. A personal dispute ; a 
controversy, v. debate ; pr. par. 
debating,' pasi^ debated: a-aebater: 
adj. debatable. 

DElUUCH'. V. To corrupt; to viti- 
ate ; to corrupt by intemperance, 
pr. ptLr.debauchtJig; past, debauch- 
ed: s. debauch, debauched, debauch- 
er, debauchery, pi. debauc/ieries. 

DEBENTURE, s. A writ or note, 
by which a debt is claimed ; (in 
commerce) allowance, on export- 
ation, of a certain part of a duty 
which had been paid on goods pre- 
viously imported. 

DEBIL'ITATE. v. To weaken, to 
make faint, pr. par. debilitating; 
past, debilitated: s. debilitation, de- 
bUity, pi. debilities, debilitator. 

DEB'IT. *. Money due for goods 
sold on credit ; the debtor side of 
an account, v. debit; pr. par. debit- 
ing; past, debited. 

DKBONAl'R. adj. Elegant, civil, 
well-bred. adv. debonairly. 

DEBOUCH'. V. To march out of a 
wood, or a narrow pass, in order 
to meet or retire from an enemy, 
pr. par. debauching; past, deboum- 

DEBT. s. That which one man c wes 
to another, s. debtor. 

DEBUT, s. A French word, de- 
noting the commencement or 
opening of a discourse, or of any 
design ; first appearance before 
the public, pronounced de-bu. 

DECADE. *. The sum of ten; a 
number containing ten. 

DECA'DENCE. a. Decay, fall. 

DECAGON, s. A plain figure in 
geometry, having ten sides and 

DECALOGUE. *. The ten com- 

DECAL'YATE. v. To make baM. 
pr. par. decalvaiing , past, decal- 

oatm: 8. deccUvation. 


DECAMP'. V. To shift the camp 
to move off; to depart, pr. par 
decamping; past, decamped, a. de- 

DECANT'. V. To pour off gently, 
by inclination, pr. par. decanting ; 
past, decanted: s. decantation, df 

DECAPITATE, v. To behead, pr. 
par. decapitating; past, decupiia* 
ted: s. decapitation, decapilator. 

DECAY'. V. "To decline from a slate 
of perfection ; to fall towards a 
state of dissolution, pr. pir. de- 
caying; past, decayed: a. decay, 

DECEA'SL. s. Death; depirture 
from life. par. adj. deceased. 

DECEIT. *. Fraud, a cheat, strata- 
gem, artifice, adj. deceitful: adv. 
deceitfully: s. deceiifulness. 

DECEI'VE. V. To cause one to mis- 
take , to delude by stratagem ; to 
mock. pr. par. deceiving; past, 
deceived: a. deceiver, o 'living: 
adj. deceivable. 

DECEM'BER. *. The last month of 
the year. 

DECEM'VIR. *. One of the ten gov- 
ernors of Rome. pi. decemviri. 

DECEM'VIRATE. s. The dignity 
and ofHce of the ten governors of 
Rome ; any body of ten men. adj 

DECENCY. *. Propriety of form, 
becoming ceremony ; modesty, pi. 
decencies: adj. decent: adv. de- 

DECEPTIBLE. adj. Liable to be 
deceived, s. decepiibility, pi. decep 

DECEPTION. *. The act or means 
of deceiving; cheat; fraud, adj. 
deceptive, decfjytory. 

DECERPT. adj. Cropped, taker 
off. ad], decerptible : s. decerpiioti. 

DECES'SION. 8. A departure; going 

DECI'DE. V. To fix the event of; to 
determine, pr. par. deciding; past, 
decided: a. decider' adj. decidabU- 
Qidv. decldedl'u. 


DEl^IDirOUS. ailj, FdlinB; not per-] 

DrClMAL. adj. numbci^d bjtcnj 

multipiied br ten; IncreatiDg by\ 

lem, adr. deaiaially. 
DECIMATE. V. Td tithe; to tale 

the lewth. pt. pa. daamoftne-,! 

put, dtcimaltil : e, Jtctmalion, 


cipfuringf past. iKiphtrtd. 

TOXISIOK I. Act ordecHini 

t^TDiinitioiL fldj. dtcuivt! 

DECK. ». The floor of a ship. 
DECK. r. To cover, to OTersprwd, 

lodreisito adorn, pr. par. itclaag; 

past, Mdad. 
DECLAIM'. T). To haranpic; to 

ipeik to the paaaionn. pr. pir, ir- 

dnimingi past, decUiimedi n- de- 

niTLUiATIOtf. .. Act of de- 
claiming; ailiscouTBenddreasiHl 
the naiBlonit. adj. dKlamalory. 

CECLABA'TION. I. A pioclam- 
lion, or affirmition! (in law) a 
wiitten slaiement of:!-* caase of 

UECLA'RB. P. To free fVom obeot 
ritji loeleur; lomafce linowc. Oi 
par. diclnriiigi put, dttlartd: ad< 

DECLEX'sioH. j. Actordeolinint. 
dtizlinatluii ; decay; infloiioa of 

DECLI'NE. 0. To liend ftom, to re- 
iiiie, to decav. fit- pur. tttclmag: 
put, ilerJjned: 1. 4af^ivt, declina- 
lion: adi. J;diniiA((, rftt(mn/ory. 

DECXIT'lTY. i. Inclinalion, rech- 
oBed dnwnwnnla. pi. dalivillrs 
adi. iJ(fIi'iibiu. 

DKCOCr. 0. To prepare 1it hoiL 
in^; to digest bjr the hpaior tht 
■tomaeli. pr. par. dicoeting; past, 
dfeocUd: ■- i^fctK^JO'L.- adj. dfcocf- 


collallng; pufl, Jrco:Ulid ■ a. ifco* 

DEClXoRATION. J. AlMeneoof 

DFX'OMFO'SE. #. To dccom pound, 
lo dissolve, pf. par. atcompoiing, 
pnsl, rfccnmpojd/; a. ilicompiaa, 

iDEnDBAMENT. <. Omnmcnt. 

DtCORATE B. To adorn, lo (in- 

^llisli. pr. pat. dtmralia^i putt, 

coraifd: a- decoration, drcoraUr. 

DECORTICATE. V. To divest ol 

tlie bark ta huak. pr. par. ^teorl*. 

calingi pabE, ituarfisulid.- i. Ji- 

DECORUM. I. Decency, propriety 

adj. iltcmna: adi. juwrauMy. 
DECOV. B. To liire into a cagt ; to 

DECREASE. Y'¥o'i;mV'le!i ; 10 
pr. par. decrauiiig; pai I. 


pr. pi.r. 

I, drcTifiltide. 
DECRU'TAL. adj. Appertainin, 
decree, a. Aenlal.- adj. all 

DEChbsTA'TION. i. Act ortal 

DECRr. fl. Teclomourapiinit 

renaoTB. pt. par. iWjiiig-,- p 

liDF.COI'i.E. ""Ii. Ten-fold. 

licular thing, or. f^t. detinfa-u, 
part, dfdicntei: ». dtlienliWL, « 
dienlor- adV iltiJli>i'on), 



DEnif'CE. v. To draw in a regular, I DEFECT. 5. Want; absence o' 

connected series ; to subtract ; to 
deduct, pr. par. deducing; past, 
deduced: adj. deducible. 

DEDUCT. V, To subtract, to take 
away, to separate, pr. par. deduct 
ing; past, deducted: s. deducHan. 

DEED. s. Written evidence of any 
legal act; action, whether good 
or bad; exploit; performance. 

DEEM. r. To judge, to think, to 
estimate, pr. par. deenungf past, 

DEEP. adj. Having length down- 
wards; descending fur ; profound, 
politic; grave, s. de^: adv. d^- 
ii/: v. deepen; pr. par. deepening; 
past, deepened. 

DEEP-MOUTHED, adj. Having a 
hoarse and loud voice. 

DEER. s. A kind of quadruped, pi. 

DE'ESS. 5. A goddess, pi. deissei. 

DEFACE. V. To destroy, to raze, 
to disfigure, pr. par. dejacinr; 
past, defaced: s. d^acement^ ae^ 

OEFAL'CATE. v. To cut off, to 
lop, to abate, to deduct, pr. par. 
defalaaiing; past,*de/a/ca^: s. de- 

DEFALK'. V. To cut off, to lop, to 
abate, to deduct, pr. par. dtfaikat- 
ing; past, defalkated. 

DEFA'MB:. v. To make infamous; 

to censure falsely in public; to 

calumniate, pr. par. defaming; 

past, defamed: s. defamation^ de- 

famer: adj. defamatory. 

DEFAULT, s. Omission of that 
which we ought to do; crime; 
failure ; defect, s. defaulter. 

DEFEA'SANCE. s. The act of an- 
nulling or abrogating a contract, 
adj. defeasible. 

DEFEAT. 5. Overthrow; preven- 
tion. V. defeat; pr. pax. defeating ; 
past, defeated 

DEFECATE, v. To purge from 

)ees or foulness; to purify, pr. par. 

de/rtraiii^ ,' past, defecated : s. defe- 


something necessary; fulling; im 
perfection, adj. defective: adv. 
defectively : s. defeciivenesi 

DEFECTION, s. A falling away: 
apostasy ; revolt. 

DEFEN'CE. s. Guard, protection, 
vindication, justification, apology, 
adj. defenceless^ defensible^ deftn 
sive: adv. defencelessly : s. dejcncf 

DEFEND'. V. To stand in defence 
of; to protect ; to vindicate ; to 
uphold.* pr. par. defending; past, 
d^ended: s. defendant^ definder 
a^. defendable. 

DEFER. V. To put off, to delay, pr 
par. deferring; past, deferred 
s. defermenty deferrer. 

DEF'ERENCE. s. Regard, respe.:t 
complaisance, condescension. 

DEFI'ANCE a. A challenge, s. de 

DEFI'CIENCY. s. Want; some- 
thing less than is necessary ; de- 
fect, imperfection, pi. deficiencies 
adj. defcient: adv. dejicieni/y. 

IDEFICIT. s. Want, deficiency. 

DEFI'LE. V. To make foul or im 
pure; to pollute, pr. par. defiling ^ 
past, defied: s. defilement^ defilet 

DEFIXE. V. To march off in fWes, 
pr. par. deJUing ; past, defiled: s 
defiUy a long narrow pass. 

DEFI'NE. V. To give the definition 
to explain, pr. par. defning; past 
defined: a.definer: ndj. definable. 

DEFINITE, adj. Certain, limited, 
bounded, exact, adv. definitely: 
8. defim'teness^ definition : adj. de- 
fnittve: adv. definitively. 

DEFLECT. V. 'To turn aside; to 

deviate from a true course. pi. 

par. deeding; past, drfitcted: s. 

deHection. deflexure. 
DE'FLUOUS. adj. Flowing down- 


ward flow. 
DEFORM'. V. To disfigure, pr. par. 

deforming; ^;)&\.^ deformed: 9 


deformation^ deformer^ deformity^ 
pi. deformities. 

DEFRAUD'. V. To cheat, pr. par. 
defrauditig; past, defrauded: s. 

DEfRAV. V, To bear the charges, 
pr. p&r. defraying; pjistf dej'rayed : 
a. defrayer^ defrayment. 

DEFUNCT. !«(;. Dead, deceased, s. 
defunct^ d^'unetion. 

DEFY' ». To call to combat; to 
challenge ; to slight, pr.par. c^y- 
ing; past, defied: s. depaneey de- 

DEGEN'ERATE. v. To fall from the 
virtue of ancestors ; to become of 
inferior quality, pr. par. degene- 
rating i past, degenerated: s. de- 
generacyy pi. degeneracies^ degen- 
erateness: adj. d^enetaie: adv. de- 

DEGLUTITION. *. The act of 

DEGRA'DE. v. To put one from his 
degree ; to deprive him of office, 
dignity, or t tlo. pr. par. degrad- 
ing; past, dt'graded: s. degrada- 
tion: adv. degradingly. 

DEGREES. 5. Quality, rank, station; 
step, measure, rate, collegiate 
lion our. 

DEHOR'TATORY. adj. Dissuasive. 

DE1FIC;A'T10N. s. The heathenish 
act of deifying, or making a god. 
8. deifier. 

DE'IFY. v. To make a god of; to 
adore as a sod. pr. par. deifying; 
past, deified. 

DEIGN. V. To vouchsafe, to grant, 
to consider worth notice, pr. par. 
deigning; past, deigned. 

DEINTEGRATE. v. To take from 
the whole; to spoil, pr. par. dein- 
tegrating; past, deintegrated: s. 

OE'ISM. s. The opinion of those who 
only acknowlenge one God, with- 
out the reception of any revealed 
religion, s. aeist: adj. deistical. 

DE'ITY. 8. Divinity: the nature and 
essence of God. pi. deities. 

DEJECT', p. To cast down, to af- 


flici. pr. par. dejecting; jiast, dk 
Jected: a. dtjecttdness^ dejtcierj &. 
jection: adv. dejectedly ^ dtjeciiy. 

DELA'CERaTE. v. To tear iuu 
pieces, pr. par. delacerating ; past 
delacerated: s. delaceralion. 

DELACTA'TION. a. Act of wean 
ing from the breast. 

DELAY'. V. To defer, to put off, to 
hinder, to frustrate, to detain, pr. 
par. delaying; past, delayed: s. 
delay, delayer. 

DELECTABLE, adj. Pleasing, de- 
lightful, adv. delectably. 

DELEGATE, v. To send upon an 
embassy; to intrust, pr. par. dele 
gating; pacai^ delegated: a. delegate 

DELATE. V. To blot out. pr. pr 
deleting; past, deleted: s. aeletica 
adj. detetory. 

DELETERIOUS, adj. Deadly, de- 

DELF, DELFT, s. Earthenware fi» it 
made at Delt\. 

DELIB'ERATE. v. To think. In rr- 
der to choose ; to consider ; lo 
hesitate, pr. par. deliberating' ^ 
past, deliberated: s. deliberation, 
deliberaienessy deliberator: adj. <'> 
liberate, deliberative: adv. delibt r- 

DEL'iBLE. adj. Capable of being 
destroyed, or effaced. 

DEL'ICACY. s. Daintiness; pleas- 
antness to the taste; soAness; neat 
ness. pi. delicacies: adj. delicate, adv 
delicately: s. delicateness. 

DELI'CIOUS. adj. Sweet, delicate , 
delightful to the palate, adv. de 
liciously : s. deliciousness. 

DELIGHT'. V. To please, to con- 
tent, to afford pleasure, pr. par. 
delighting; p&at, delighitd : a. de- 
light, deh'ghter. 

DELIGHTFUL, adj. Full of de- 
light; charming, sl^w delightfitlly : 
a. delight fulness. 

DELIxN'EAMENT. *. Painting; re- 
presentation bv d#»lineatiou. 

DELIN'EXTE.. t>. Tc\vivtvVv.\\\^.xvT^\ 
draught \ lo dea.\%xv\Xv\ sVs'X^i^v- '^x 


p&r. delineating; past, delineated. 
8. delineation, delineator. 

DELINQUENCY, s, A fault, a mis- 
deed, pi. delinquencies: b. delin- 

DELIQ'UIDATE. v. To melt; to be 
dissulved. pr. par. deliquidaiing ; 
p»st, deliquidated. 

DELIRIUM, s. Alienation of mind; 
dotage, adj. deUriotis: s. delirious 

DEtJVER. V. To set free, to res- 
cue, to release, to speak, pr. par. 
delivering; past, deUvtred': s. de 
liverance, deliverer^ delivery^ pi. 

DELL. s. A little dale. 

DELU'DE. V. To beguile, to cheat, to 
disappoint, pr. par. deluding; past, 
deluded: s.aeluder: &dydeluJable 

DEL'UGE. s. A general inundation; 
calamitous state of lying entirely 
under water, v. deluge; pr. par 
deluging; past, deluged. 

DELU'SION. s. The act of deluding; 
state of being deluded ; a cheat ; 
guile; deceit, adj. delusive, delu- 

DELVE. V. To dig; to open the 
ground with a spade, pr. par. delv- 
ing; past, delved: s. delve, delver. 

BEM'AGOGUE. s. A ringleader of 
the rabble; a popular and factious 

DEMAND'. V. To claim; to ask 
with authority, pr. par. demand- 
ing; past, demanded: s. demand^ 
dcmander, demandant: adj. de- 

DEMARCATION, s. Division ; sep- 
aration of territory. 

DEMEAN', v. To behave; to lessen, 
to debase, pr. par. demeaning; 
past, demeaned: s. demeanour. 

DEMENTATE. v. To deprive of 
reason ; to make mad. pr. par. de- 
mentating; past, dementated: s. 

DEMER'IT. s. The opposite tomer- 
it; want of morit. 
PKME'SNE. s. That part of an estate 

^/fich ia occupied by the lord 


himself; the improved land around 
a mansion. 

DEM'I. s. Half; one of two equal 

DEM'IGOD. s. In the heathen my- 
thology, signifies the partaking of 
the divine nature ; half a god. 

DEMI'SE. V. To grant at one's death, 
to grant by will. pr. par. demising, 
past, demised. 

DEMI'SE. s. Death, decease. Used 
only in relation to a crowned head, 
or to the crown itself. 

DEMOC'RA'CY. s. Sovereign power 
lodged in the collective body of 
the people, pi. democracies: s. 
democrat: adj. democratic, demo* 
cratical: adv. democratically. 

DEMOL'ISH. V. To throw down; 
to raze; to destroy, pr. par. de- 
molishing; past, demolislied: 

DEMOLITION, s. The act of de- 
molishing; destruction. 

DE'MON. s. A spirit; generally an 
evil spirit, a aevil. s. demoniac: 
adj. demoniac, demoniacal. 

DEMONOL'ATRY. s. Tb^ worship 
of the devil, 

DEMON'STRATE. v. To prove with 
the highest degree of certaint/. 
pr. par. demonstrating; past, de- 
monstrated: B. demonstration, de* 
monstrator: ^d]. demonstrable, de- 
monstrative: adv. demonstratively, 

DEMOR'ALIZE. v. To destroy mor 
als and moral feeling, pr. par. de- 
moralizing; past, demoralized: s. 
demoralization, demoralizer. 

DEMUR'. V. To delay a process in 
law, by formal objections; tohes 
itate. pr. par. demur-ring; past. 
demurred : s. demur, demurrer. 

DEMU'RE. adj. Sober, decent, gi ave. 
adv. demurely: s. demureness. 

DEMUR'RAGE. s. An allowance 
made by freighters, to owners of 
ships, for their stay in a poil be 
yond the time appointed. 

DEMY', s. A term relating to the 


DEN. 9. A cavern or hollow ui der 
ground; the cave of a wild beast.; 

DEN A'TION ALIZE. t>.To take a way 
nat onal rights, pr. par. denation- 
alizing ; past, denaitonalized. 

DENDROLOGY. «. The natural 
history of trees. pL dendrologies. 

DEN'IZEN. 8. A freeman ; an alien 
invested with the rights of a cit- 
izen, s. denixaUon. 
ENOM'INATE. v. To name. pr. 
par. denominating; past, denomi- 
nated: s. denomination^ denomina- 
tor: adi. denominative. 

DENO^TE. V. To mark ; to be a sign 
of; to betoken, pr. par. denoting; 
past, denoted: s. denotement: adj. 

DENOU'EMENT. s. The discovery 
of the plot of a drama, or of any: 
other work of the imagination. I 

DENOU'NCE. V. To threaten by' 
proclamation. \ir.^diT. denouncing; 
past, denounced: f?. denouncer. 

DENSE, cuij. Close, compact, ap- 
proaching to solidity. 8. density^ 
pi. densities. 

DENT. s. A mark caused by a stroke 
or blow. adj. denied. 

DE.VTAL. adj. Belonging to the 
teeth. ! 

DENTICULATED, adj. Set with! 
small teeth, or prominences re- J 
semblinjr the teeth of a saw. 

DEN'TIFRICE. a. A powder made to 
clean the teeth. I 

DENTIST, s. One who professes 
to heal the diseases of the teeth ; 
one who dresses or who draws 

DENU'DA"TE. v. To divest, to strip, 
pr. par. denudating; past, denu- 
dated: s. denudation. 

DENITDE. V. To strip ; to make na- 
ked, pr. par. denuding; past, de- 

DENUNCIATION. *. The act of 
denouncing, s. denunciator. 

DENY*. V. To contradict, to refuse, 
to disown, to renounce, pr. par 


DEOBSTRUCT'. v. To i.;ear from 
obstruction, pr. par. deobstrucl 
ing; past, deobstrucled ' s. deoh 

DE'ODAND. a. A thing given or for- 
feited to God, in case of any lUis* 
fortune, by which a human being 
comes to a violent end, without 
the fault of any reasonable crea- 

DEON'ERATE. v. To unload, pi 
par. deoneraiing ; past, deonet %ted 

DEPART. V. To go away iVt»m a 
place ; to quit ; to leave, pr. par. 
departing; past, departed: s. de- 

DEPART'MENT. a. Separate allot- 
ment * province or business as- 
signed to a particular person, adj 

DEFEND. V. To hang from; to bo 
in a state of dependence, pr. pnr 
depending; past, depended: s. de- 
pendenccy dependency^ pi. depen 
dencies: adj. and s. dependent: s 

DEFICT. V. To paint, to portrav, 
to describe, pr. par. depictings 
past, depicted: s. nepicier. 

DEPICTURE. V. To represent in 
colours, pr. par. depicturing ; past, 

DE'PILATE. V. To pull off hair 
pr. par. depilating ; ptisty depilated. 
s. depilation: adj. depilatory . 

DEPLETION, s. Act of emptying; 
state of being emptv. 

DEFLCRE. V. To lament, to bo- 
wail, to mourn, pr. par. deploring, 
past, deplored: adj. deplorable. 
adv. deplorably: s. deplorer, de- 

DEPLOY'. V. To display ; a column 
of troops is deployed, when the 
divisions spread wide, or open 
out. pr. par. deploying; past, Oe- 

DEPLUTVIE. V. To strip of its feath- 
ers, pr. par. depluming ; past, de- 
plumed, s. deplumation. 

denying; past, denied: «. denial^ DEPaNEt^T. s. Ouc X\v;jX. ^"e^<^^% 

■■■•■,■ V- Tj 

%\ V 



In- the meal. Freach praatuicia- 

DEST'lNATiOT. i The purpoae 
Ibr wUch Any thing la Bppoinled ; 

DES"rmi!:. n. Td down niiRUeiEibly; 
to devote, pr. par. doKninff ; past, 

DtlS'TlTDTE. adj. r»r»kei.. .biKi. 
don ed, abject. «. dtstilutiiiii. 

DESTROY'. B. To Qvctlurn ; to ruin ; 
to la]' waste; to kill. pt. pur. di- 
ttrttying; paBt| lUjtroycd.' a. dt- 

OESTntJCTION. .. Act or dErtrov- 
inj; state nr being deilroyed. ailj. 
d^metilit! I. daf rueh'tiUy, pL 

UaSTRUCTlVE. ««■. HaiiTK th.^ 
jjuoJitr nf destroying; wniliifti' 
ail. aalrvefively : a. dtatmctit 

DKSVDATlOJi. I. A profUM ai 

RE'SUETUDE. j. CCTsalion to L_ 
inruBtomed: diicontiauauM of 

DKTACH'. f. To sepurBte, to dii- 

pfiipige, to pnrl from. pr. par. d»- 
InMngi p»at,dj!lachtd: a. dtlach- 

HETAIL'. ». To relate particnlarl' 

lo display minutaly. "* 

Vtiling; post, detaUci 

DETEC'I". fl. Totfunover; to find 
out any rrime Or ortifice. pr. par. 
4fkcllnfi! paBt,J*etei; >. AfccJ- 

DETENTION. t. Theaetordetain- 


ro direoirmge bj H 


DETERGE', o. To cleanse, pr. par. 
itUr^Ttgl paal) ikterged; adj. luid 

DETE-RIORATE. n. To impair, to 
make worse, prjiar. deitriorating, 

DETER'MlNATE.aiiT. Settled, der 

initei establiEhed: certain, adj 

^Itrminabli: adv. dtfd-rnmnWj. 

it. ihlirminalitM. 
DETER-MlNfi.*. Tofii,tOBBlllB,to 

CDnclude,tofnrni arsBolutinn. pr. 

par. dtlermrrant ; past, ddtrmi/iid. 
DETER'SION. i. Theaclof cleans 

ing. adi. deUrnrt. 

ETEST*. V. To liRte, lo abhor. 

■pr. par. ietaiing; put, dcfesied,- a. 

litiataHm, dtltsltr.- odj, dtlala- 

titr adv. dilaiablv. 
DETHR&NE. v. I'o divcEt or re- 

galilj; lodepoBe. pt.jai.drlhrn%- 

inf-,' pHBt, dethnmed: a. drlhroiu* 

DE'I'ONATE. «. To make B Toiao 

■ " e thunder, pr. par. ddmtaling, 

^.it,dttonalid! B. dffcnnlion. 

DETORT. B. To wrfst from iha _ 

hgiaal import, meaning, or de- " 

ign. pr. pjir- delorl,7ig; past, d* 

.t>rtfd: t. ditarlion. 


detour;!',' pBEt, 

ic reputi 


pnr. dclracling; pail, detrarlii ! ». 

dtlraclion, delrnelur .■ iA], delrae 

linus, defracftm, dclrnclery. 
DETRIMENT. ». Loss, damige, 

miMhief. adj. detrlmatnl. 
DETRl'TION. ». The act of wear 

force into a 
dctmding; ) 


DETRLPTOATE. n. To lop. Id cot. 
paf. ictrunratiiif! ptst, dt 

menfed; I. detrvncalitm. 
DEUCE, t. Two: > word uaed Tut 

CBtfi 01 iic ■«Wv V«o B^V 


DEUTERONOMY, s. The second 
book of the law ; the fiflh book of 

DEVAS'TATE. v. To lay waste, 
pr. par. devasiating ; past, devas- 
toted: 8. devastation^ devastator. 

DEVEL'OP. V, To disengage, to dis- 
entangle, pr. par. developing; past, 
deoelopedi a. development. 

DEVEST, DIVEST, v. To deprive 
of clothes, to strip, to annuL pr. 
par. devesting; past, devested. 

DEVEX'IVY. s. Incurvation down 
wards, declivity. pL devexities. 

DE'VIATE. V. To wander from the 
right or common way ; to err ; to 
sin. pr. par. deviaiing; past, de 
viated: s. deviation. 

DEVrCE. 3. A contrivance ; a strat 
agem ; a design ; the emblem on 
a shield, adj. devicejul: adv. de- 

DEVIL, s. The prince of hell. adj. 
devilish: adv. devilishly: s. devU- 

DE'VIOUS. adj. Out of the common 
track; wandering; roving, adv. 

DEVrSE. 0. To contrive, to invent, 
to plan ; to grant by will. pr. par. 
devising; past, devised: adj. de- 
visable: s. devise^ deviser. 

DEVISEE'. A. He tu whom something 
is bequeathed by will. 

DEVOCATION. s. A calling away; 
a seduction. 

DEVOID', adj. Empty, vacant, void. 

DEVOI'R. s. Act of civility or obse- 

DEVOLVlir. V. To roll down ; to 
fall in succession, into new hands, 
pr. par. devolving ; past, devolved. 

DEVOLUTION. *. The act of roll- 
ing down. 

DEVaTE, r. To dedicate, to con- 
secrate, to appropriate by vow, 
pr. par. devoting; past, devoted: s. 
deootedness^ devoie^^ devoter. 

DEVO'TION. s. Act of devoting: 
the state of being consecrated or 
dedicated; p'-ayer. adj. devotional. 


DEVOUR', v. To eat up ravenously, 

to destroy or consume with rauid- 

ity and violence, pr. par. devour^ 

ing; oast, devoured: s. dfvo/nrer: 

adv. devouringly. 
DEVOUT, adj. Pious, religious, s. 

devoutness: adv. devoutly. 
DEW. V. The moisture* on the 

ground, adj. dewy. 
DEWBERRY, a. A species of fruit, 

resembling the blackberry. pL 

DEWLAP. 8. The flesh that hangs 

down from the throats of oxen. 
DEXTER, s. The right ; not the 

left : a term used in heraldry, adj. 

DEXTERITY. *. Readiness of 

limbs; activity; readiness of con- 

trivance. pi. dexterities: adj. dex 

trous: adv. dextrously. 
DEY. s. The title of the supreme 

governor of Algiers, Tunis, and 


Devilish ; partaking of the quali- 
ties of the devil ; impious ; atro. 

cious. adv. diabolically : s. dia^ol' 

DI'ADEM. 8. A tiara ; an ensign oi 

royalty bound about the head of 

eastern mouarchs ; a crown, adj. 

DI^'RESIS. *. The separation or 

disjunction of syllables; the mark 

( " ) of that separation, pi. dicere- 

DIAGONAL, adj. Reaching from 

one angle to another, so as to di- 

vide a parallelogram into equal 

parts, adv. diagonally. 
DI'AGRAM. s. A delineation of a 

geometrical figuie. 
DI'AL. s. A plate marked with lines, 

where a hand or shadow showff 

the hour. s. dinlist^ dialing 
DI'ALECT. s. The subdivision of a 

language ; style ; manner of ei« 

prossion ; language. 
DIALECTICS, s. Logic; the art of 


DIA— Die 

DIALOGUE, s. A conference; a 
con versation between two or more, 
adj. dialogue. 

DIA'METER. s. A ri^ht line which 
divides the area ot a circle into 
two equal parts. 

DIAMETRICAL, adj. Describing a 
diameter ; crossing in the manner 
of a diameter ; and hence denot- 
ing division or opposition, adv. 

DIAMOiND. s. The most valuable 
and the hardest of all gems ; pro- 
nounced dimund: vAydiamanded. 

DIAPA'SON. s. A cord which in- 
cludes all tones ; an octave. 

Dl'APER. s. Linen cloth, woven in 
flowers and other fibres; the 
finest species of figured linen afler 

Dl'APHRAGM. s. The midrifi; which 
divides the upper cavity of the 
body from the lower ; any division 
or partition which divides a hollow 

DIAR^HCET'IC. adj. Solutive,pur 

Dl ARY. a. An account of the trans- 
actions and observations of every 
day; a journal, pi. diaries: s 

DrASTOLE «. A figure in rhetoric, 
by which a short syllable is made 
long ; the dilation of the heart. 

DI'ASTYLE a. A sort of edifice, 
where the pillars stand at so great 
a distance from one another, that 
three diameters of their thickness 
are allo-%ted for intercolumniation. 

DFATRIBE. s. A disputation, or 
continued discourse. 

DIB'BLE. a. A small spade; a point- 
ed instrument, with which gar- 
deners make holes for planting, v. 
dihhle; pr. par. dibbling f past, 

DICE. a. The plural of die. 

IMCTATE. V. To deliver to ano 
ther with authority; to declare 
fy/th confidence, pr. pnr. dictating; 

p'lsf, tfirfated: a. dictnie^ dictation. 
DICTA TOR. s. A magistrate ap- 


pointed in time of exigence and 
danger, and invested with abso- 
lute authonty ; one who dictates, 
adj. dictatorial^ adv. dictatorially. 
s. dictators/up. 

DICTION, i. Style, language, ex- 

DICTIONARY, a. A book contain- 
ing the words of any language, in 
alphabetical order, with explana- 
tions of their meaning; a lexicon, 
a vocabulary, pi. dictionaries. 

DID. V. The preterit of do: second 
person, didst. 

DIDACTIC, adj. Preceptive; giv- 
ing precepts. 

DEDUCTION. 8. Separation, by 
withdrawing one part from the 

DIE. V. To lose life, to expire, pr 
par. dying; past, died. 

DIE. a. A small cube, marked on it» 
faces with numbers from one to 
six, which gamesters throw in play, 
pi. dice. 

DIE. 9. The stamp used in coinage, 
pi. dies. 

Dl'ET. a. Food, provisions, vidtnais. 
V diet; pr. par. dieting; past, 

DFET. a. An assembly of princes 
or estates. 

DIF'FER. V. To be distinguished 
from; to contend; to be of a con- 
trary opinion, pr.'par. differing ^ 
past, dffered: s. difference: adj. 
different: s. dfferently. 

DIFFICULT, adj. Hard, not easy, 
not facile, troublesome, vexatious, 
adv. difficultly: s. difficuliy^ pi. 

DII^FIDENCE a. Distrust; want of 
confidence; doubt, adj. diffident. 
adv. diffidently. 


The quality of falling away on all 

sides; the effect of fluidity, pi. 

difflnencesy diffluencies: adj. dif 


net of taking away privileges. 

DIFFUSE. D. To v^xjit owv v\>j»^ix^% 


plane, 80 that the liquor may run 
every way ; to spread ; to scatter, 
pr. par. diffusing; past, diffused: 
adj. diffuse^ diffusive: adv. diffuse- 
ly: 8. diffusenesSy diffuser^ diffu- 

DIFFU'SIBLE. a^. Capable of being 
diffused, s. diffusibiiiiy^ pi. diffu^ 

DIG. V, To pierce with a spade ; to 
work with a spade, pr. par. dig- 
ging; past, dug: s. digger. 

DIGEST. V. To distribute into va- 
rious classes ; to arrange method- 
ically ; to concoct in the stomach. 
pr. par. digesting; past, digested: 
8. digest y digestion^ digester: adj. 
digestible^ digestive. 

DI'GlT. s. Three-fourths of an inch. 

DiG'NIFy. ». To advance, to pre- 
fer, to exalt, to honour, pr. par. 
dignifying; past, dignijied: s. 
dignity y pi. dignities^ dignijication. 

DIG'NITARY. s. A clergyman ad- 
vanced to some rank above that 
of a parochial priest, pi. dignita- 

DIGRESS'. V. To turn aside out of 
the road ; to deviate ; to speak of 
sometlimg incidental, pr. par. di- 
gressing; past, digressed: s. di- 
gression: adj. digressionody digres- 
sive: adv. digressively. 

DIKE, DYKE. s. A channel to re- 
ceive water; a mound to hinder 
inundations, v. dike; pr. par. 
diking; past, diked. 

DILA'CERATE. v. To tear, to rend, 
pr. par. dilacerating ; past, ditace- 
rated: s. dilaceration. 

DILAPIDATE, v. To go to ruin ; 
to fall by decav. pr. par. dilapi- 
dating; past, dilapidated: s. dilap- 
idation^ dilapidntor. 

DILA'TE. V. To e.xtend, to spread 
out, to enlarge, pr. par. dilating ; 
past, dilated, a. dilation^ dilator. 

DIL'ATORY. adj. Tardy; slow; 
given to procrastination, adv. dil- 
atorily: 8. dilatorinesi. 

DILEM'MA. s. An argument equally 
eonc)usive by contrary supposi- 


tions: a difficult ur doubtfu. 

DILETTAJTTE. s. One who de- 
lights in cultivating or promutir. ^ 

DIL'IGENT. adj. Constant in ap- 
plication; assiduous, s. diligence: 
adv. diligently. 

DILU'CID. adj. Clear, not opaque. 
V. dilucidate; pr. par. dilucidaiingr 
past, diluddated: s. dilueidalion. 

DILU'ENT. adj. Having the power 
to thin and attenuate other matter. 

DILU'TE. V. To make thin, to make 
weak. pr. par. diluting; past, di- 
luted: 8. diluier^ dilution. 

DILU'VIAN. adj. Relating to the 

DILU'VIATE. V. To run as a flood, 
pr. par. diluviating; past, diluvi- 

DIM. adj. Not having a quick sights 
obscure, v. dim ; pr. par. dimming, 
paisty dimmed: Sidv. aimly: b. dim- 

DIME. s. A silver coin of the United 
States, of the value often cents. 

DIMExYSION. s. Space contained in 
any thing; bulk; extent, adj. dj- 

DIMINISH. V. To make less, to 
impair, to lessen, pr. par. dimin- 
ishing; past, diminished. 

DIMIN'UTIVE. adj. Small, little 
s. diminution: adv. diminutively 
s. diminutiveness 

DIMIS'SION. s. Leave to depart, 
ad], dimissory. 

DIM'ITY. s. A kind of fustian, or 
cloth of cotton, pi. dimities. 

DIM'PLE. s. A little hole, as in the 
cheek, v. dimple; pr. par. dimr 
pling; past, dimpled. 

DIN. s. A loud noise ; a violent and 
continued sound, v. din; pr. par. 
dinning; past, dinned. 

DINE. V. To eat dinner, pr. par. 
dtning; past, dined: s. diner. 

DING. V. To dash with violence 
pr. par. dinging; past, dinged. 

, ada\e. ^^^ 


IHN'GY. adj. Dark brown; dun; 
dirty. 8. dingiruss. 

DIN'NER. 5. The chief meal; the 

meal eaten about the middle of 

the day. 
DINT. s. A blow, a stroke, violence, 

force. V. dini; pr. par. dinting; 

past, dinted. 
DiaCESAN, DCOCE'SAN. ». Abish- 

op as he stands related to his own 

clergy or flock. 
DrOCESE, DrOCESS. *. The cir- 

cuit of a bishop^s jurisdiction. 

DIOPTRIC, adj. Artbrding a medi- 
um for the sight; assisting the 
sight in the view of distant ob- 
jects. 9. dioptric. 

DIP. V. To immerge; to put into 
any liquor; to moisten, pr. par. 
dipping; past, dipped: s. dip^dip- 

oferALOUS. adj. Having two 

DIPHTHONG, s. A coalition of 
two vowels, to form one sound ; 
as in vain, leaf, Caesar. 

DlPUyMA. *. A letter or writing 
conferring some privilege, adj. 

DIPLOMACY. 5. A body of envoys 
or ambassadors, pi. diplomacies: 
adj. diplomatic: adv. diplomatically. 

DIPTOTE. s. A noun consisting 

only of two cases. 
DIRE, DIR'EFUL. adj. Dreadful, 

dismal, mournful, s. direjulness. 

DIRECT, adj. Straight, not crook- 
ed, not oblique; (in astronomy) 
not retrograde; plain, express, 
adv. directly. 

DIRECT', w. To regulate, to adjust, 
.to order, to command, pr. par. 
directing; past, directed: s. direct- 
er, direction^ directness^ director. 
adj. directive. 

DIRECTORY, s. A book containing 
directions; an execnttve council, 
pi. directories: adj. directorial. 

DJRGE. s. A fnournful ditty; a 
Mong ofjamentation. 


DIRK. 8. K kind of dagger, nsed in 
the Highlands of Scotland, v. dirk 
pr^ar. dirking; past, dirked. 

DIRT. s. Excrement, mud, tilth, 
mire. v. dirty; pr. par. dirtying; 
past, dirtied : adj. dirty : adv. dir' 
illy: s. dirtiness. 

DIRUPTION. s. Bursting or break- 

DISABILITY, s. Want of power; 
weakness; legal impediment, pi. 

DISA'BLE. V. Todepnve of force; 
to weaken; to impair, pr. par. dis- 
abUng; past, disabled. 

DISABU'SE. V. To set free from a 
mistake; to set right, pr. par. dts- 
abusing; past, disabused. 

DISADVAN^TAGE. s. Loss; injury 
to interest, v. disadvantage; pr. 
par. disadvantaging; past, disad- 
vantaged: adj. disadvantageous: 
adv. disadvantageously: s. dis- 

DISAFFECTED arf/. Not disposed 
to zeal or aflection ; disloyal, adv. 
disaffeciedly : s. disajffectedness^ dis- 

DISAFFIRM'. V. To contradict, pi 
par. disaffirming; paiSijdisa^irmed; 
8. disaffirmance. 

DISAGREE'. V. Todifler; to be in 
a state of opposition, pr. par. dts 
agreeing; past, disagreed: s. dis- 

DISAGREE'ABLE. adj. Contrary, 
unsuitable, unpleasing, ofFensive. 
8. disagreeableness : adv. disagree- 

DISALLOW. V. To deiy authority, 
to consider unlawful ; to censure. 

Lpar. disallotoing ; past, disal 
ed: s. disalloumnce : adj. dts- 

DISAPPAR'EL. V. To disrobe, pr. 
par. disaj'pareling ; past, dtsap- 

DISAPPE'AR. V. To he lost to view: 
to vanish out of sight, pr. par, rfiV 
appearing; past, disappeared: %, 
disippearance disappearing. 

IDISAVPOINT «. To defeat of es 


pectation ; to deprive or bereave 
of any thLag. pr. par. disappoint' 
ing; past, disappoinrUed: s. dis- 

DlSAPPRaVE. V. To disiilce, to 
censure, pr. par. disapproving; 
past, disapproved.' a. disapproba- 
tion^ disapproval. 

DISARM'. V. To spoil or divest of 
arms. pr. par. d&sarming; past, 
disarmed: s. disarmer. 

DISARRANGED, v. To disorder, to 
unsettle, pr. pacdtsarrangtng'/past, 
disarranged: s. disarrangemeni. 

DISARRAY'. V. To undress, to dis- 
comfit, to overthrow, pr. par. dis- 
arraying; past, disarrayed. 

DISAS'TER. 8. The blast or stroke 
of an unfavourable planet; mis- 
fortune; grief, adj. disastrous: adv. 
dististrously : s- aisasirousness. 

DISA VOUCH'. V. To retract pro- 
fession; to disown, pr. par. aisa- 
vouching; past, disavouaied. 

DISAVOW. V. To disown, to deny 
knowledge of. pr. par. disavowing; 
past, disavow^: s. disavowal, dis- 

DISBANiy. V. To dismiss from mili- 
tary service; to break up an army 
pr. par. disbanding; past, dis 

DISBELIEVE', r. Not to believe 
pr. par. disbelieving; past, disbe- 
Ueved: s. disbelief, disbeliever. 

To ease of a burden; to unload, pr. 
par. disburdening; past, disbur- 

DISBURSE'. V. To spend or lay out 
money, pr. par. disbursing; past, 
disbursed: s. diM)urser, disburse- 
ment. ■ 

DISCARiy. V. To throw out of the 
hand such cards as are useless; to 
dismiss from service or employ- 
ment, pr. par. discarding: past, 
DISCERN'. V. To descry, to see. pr. 
par. discerning; past, discerned: 
8. discemer, discernment: adj. dis- 
ctmable adv discerningly. 


DISCHARGE, v. To disburden, to 
exonerate, to unload, todisenibark, 
to dismiss, pr. par. discharging, 
past, discharged: s. discharge, dis- 

DISCIVLE^ s. A scholar ; one who 
professes to receive instruction 
from another. 

DIS'CIPLINE. s. Education, instruc 
tion, rule of government ; military 
regulation, v. discipline; pr. par 
disciplining; past, disciplined: s 
disciplinarian: adj. disciplinary, 

DISCLAIM'. V. To disown ; to deny 
any knowledge of; to renounce. 
pr. par. disclaiming; past, dis- 
clnim£d: s. disclaimer. 

DlSCLaSE. V, To uncover, to open 
to reveal, pr. par. disclosing; past 
disclosed: s. discloser, disclosure. 

DISCOL'OUR. V. To change from 
the natural hue; to stain, pr. par. 
discolouring; past, discoloured: s. 

DISCOMFIT. V. To defeat, to con- 
quer, to vanquish, pr. par. discom- 
jiting; past, discomfited: s. dis- 

DISCOM'FORT. s. Uneasin'-ss, sor- 
row, melancholy, v. discomfort. 
pr. par. discomforting; past, dis- 

DISCOMPaSE. V. To disorder, to 
unsettle, to offend, to fret, to vex 
pr. par. discomposing; past, dis- 
composed: s. discomposure. 

DISCONCERT', v. To unsettle the 
mind, to discompose, to defeat a 
machination, pr. par. disconcert- 
ing; past, disconcerted. 

DISCONNECT', v. To break the 
ties. pr. par. disconnecting; past, 
disconnected : s. disconnection. 

DISCONSOLATE, adj. Void of 
comfort; hopeless; sorrowful, adv. 
disconsolately: s. disconsolateness, 

DISCONTENT', s. Want of content, 
uneasiness, v. discontent ; pr. par« 
df'jcontcniing ; \w.%\., AwtvvaVffivVei. ^ 
1 ad\, dtsconlmUd: ;w\\ . dL\*toxv\wX 

flhf; 9- ditzonitnUdnea 

DISCONTIN'UE. n. To loi 
heBion of pari.; to loae 
liBheJ cuBtoiu or right. 
tiiseonlinvi/tg ; pati^disc 
a. i^iiconftniMinGi, ditamtinualiim,! 

ISCONTlNc'lTlf, I. Lisonity of 
partB. pL •tuamtimalia: wlj. rfi>- 

IS'CORD, 1. DiMiBretiiient, oppo- 

DISCOUNT. 1, The sum ; 

ilitcnunliTig ; pBrt, dUanmird. 
DlSCOl;NT'E^ANCE. *. To dia- 
foiiroBe hy cold trealmeiili to 
■lush. pr. par. ducounroumettif ; 

DISCOUR'AGE. e. To depresa, 
doprivB of confidence, to drt 
pr. par. dincmimginp ; paat, a 
rmimgid: a. diicauragCT, diian 

OISCOURSF. *. ConneraBlion; n 
tuil inlercDurpe of loiiBiiop 

V. diicourse; pr. par. cflMoierflTi^ , 
pAflt, diseounfl: «. t^nwrurj 

t>l SCOUR'TEOUS. nA". Unri.II, nn 
vDinplaisint. ad>. diKaarlmualg. 

D1.SC0VER. V. To show, to di> 
c)aw, to make liBihlc, to detect 
pt. par. ditconring! fatl, dineae- 
fredj a. ducotierii, pi. diseoiKria 
iHneaecrtr: adj. jifcmieraAfa. 

DISCRED'IT.s. Ignominy.reproM:!! 
diwrace, want of truit. j. dU 
/r^t.pi.jmr. diwndiling! pail 
^MnuiW.' fujj. discrtditabU. 


Dl&CUKKT. nJj. Pnidfi.t. .. 
Bpecl, cnuiiouB, modeaU ai 
crally.' b. dfacreetnfjs. 

DISCBEP'ANCY. a. D[fferanc 
Irariety. pi. discrepancies 

DISCRtTION. «. Prudence; 
led^e to govern or direct 
kIj ; wiaa maiiagemenl. a 

DISCBCTIVE. adj. Sepanil 


crmmUingl pant, dtixrvntinli 
g. diicrintiaiUion, discriminali 
adv. diacrimiHateiy: adj. ditcrit 

DISCtlR'SIVE. adj. Mo.iog hi 
(ndthere; roving! desulloiy a 
diicvrsiveiy ! a. diicvrriveiua. 

DISCUR'SORY. adj. AtaunienI 

DISCUSS'. o.Toe 
FydisquiBition. p 
iQBt, diacuaaed: i 


DISDAllf. o. To Btbvn, to think 
unworthy, pr. par. dadaiainei 
pant, disdaitud: a. diadnin, dii- 
dainfvlnai : adj. (fiiib'nt/'uii adr. 



I'ne- ,' naaii diurnlMrlad : a. 

idj. d 


hnrked: a. disem 
>. V. To free fron 
inf; post, (totnimmmrrf a 


DISEMBaY'. 9. To clear (Vom-the 
bay. pr. par. disembaying j past, 

DISEMBCrDY. V. To free from the 
body; to discbarge from military 
incorporation, pr. par. disembody- 
m^; past, disembodied. 

OISEMBOGUET. v. To pour out at 
the mouth of a river; to vent; to 
eject, pr. par. disembogving ; past, 

DISEMBOWEL. ». To take out the 
bowels, pr. par. disemhoweUng { 
past, disemboweled. 

OISENCUM'BER. v. To discharge 
from encumbrances; to disbur- 
then. pi', par. diseruumbring; past, 
disencumbred: s. disencvmbrance. 

DISENGAGE', v. To disentangle; 
to clear from impediments or dif- 
ficulties ; to separate, pr. par. dis- 
engaging; past, disengaged: s. dis 

DISENNCTBLE. v. To deprive of 
that which ennobles, pr. par. dis- 
ennobling i past, disennobted. 

DISENTANGLE, v. To set free 
from impediments; to disengage; 
to separate. pr.ipvLr.disentar^Ung; 
past, disentangled: s. diserUangU' 

DISENTHRAL', v. To set free; to 
restore to liberty, pr. par. disen- 
thralling; past, disenthralled: s. 

DISENTHRCTNE. v. To depose 
from sovereignty, pr. par. msen- 
throning i past, disenihroned. 

DISESTEEM'. s. Slight regard. 

DISESTIMA'TION. s. Disrespect, 

DISKA'VOUR. s. Discountenance, 
unpropitioiis regard, v. disfavotvr; 
pr. par. disavowing; past, disfa- 
vovred: s. dis/avourer. 

DISFIG'URE. V. To change to a 
worse form ; to deform ; to man- 
gle, pr. par. disfiguring; past,(2i9- 
figyred: s. disfiguration. 

niSFRANCmSE. t>. To deprive of 
privilcgns or immunitiea. pr. par. 



disfranchising; p^st^ disfr and t9 
ed: 8. disfranchisement. 
DISGORGE'. V. To discharge by 
the mouth, pr. par. disgorgingi 
past, disgorged: s. disgorgement. 

DISGRA'CE. s. State of being out 
of favour; dishonour; cauue ot 
shame, v. disgrace; pr. par. dis- 
gracing; past, disgraced: adj. dis- 
graceful: adv. dlsp-acefully s. 
disgracer, disgracejulness. 

DISGUrSE. V. To conceal by an 
unusual dress ; to hide by a coun- 
terfeit appearance, pr. par. dis- 
guising; past, disguised: s. dis- 
guise, disguisement, disguiser. 

DISGUST, s. Aversion of the pal- 
ate to any thin^; ill-humour; 
malevolence, v. disgust; pr. par. 
disgusting; past, dt^ftu^^ ; adv. 

DISH. s. A broad, wide vessel, in 
which food is served up at the ta- 
ble, pi. dishes: v. dish; pr. par. 
dishing ; past, dished. 

DISHABILLE', s. Undress, loose 

DISHEARTEN, v. To discourage, 
to deject, to terrify, to depress, 
pr. par. dishecrtening; past, dis- 

DISHERIT. V. To cut off from 
hereditary succession, to debar 
from an mheritance. pr. par. dis- 
heriting; past, disherited: s. dis- 

DISHERISON. 8. The set of de- 
barring from inheritance; dis- 

DISHEVEL. V. To spread the hair 
disorderly, pr. par. disheveling, 
past, disheveled. 

DKHON'EST. arf;. Void of probity; 
faithless; wicked; fraudulrnt. adv. 
dishonestly: b. dishonesty ^ pi. dis- 

DISHON'OUR. 8. Reproach, dis- 
grace, ignominy, y. dishonour; pr. 
par. dishonouring; past, dishoi^ 
oured: ad\. cKs^waiummMtx *Ah 
dta^iumrabl'u : %. i»»Kwv«\w«r. 


DISINCAR'CERATE. v. To set at 
libertv ; to free from prison, pr. 
par. disincarceraiing ; past, disin- 

DISINCLl'NE. V. To produce dis- 
like to. pr. par. c2t5tncamng-; past, 
disinclined: s. disinclination, 

ly artful; cunning; illiberal, adv. dis- 
tngeniKmsly: s. disinffenwmsness. 

DISINHERIT. V. To cut off from 
an hereditary right ; to deprive of 
nn inheritance, pr. par. disinherit- 
. tng",* past, disirUierited. 

DISINTER'. V. Tounbury; to take, 
as out of the grave, pr. par. dis- 
interring ; past, disinterrea: s. dis- 

DISINTERESTED, t^dj. Superior 
to regard of private advantage; 
without any concern in an affair, 
adv. disinterestedly: s. disinterest- 

DISJOIN'. V. To separate; to part 
from each other; to sunder, pr. 
par. disjoining; past, disjoined. 

DISJOINT. V. To put out of joint ; 
to break into pieces, pr. par. dis- 
joirUing; past, disjointed: adv. 

DISJUNCT, adj. Disjoined, sepa- 
rate. 8. disjunctttm : adj. and s. 
dijtjunctive: adv. disjvncUy. 

DISK. *. The face of the sun, or of 
any planet, as it appears to the 
eye ; a quoit. 

DlSLl'KE. V. To disapprove, to re- 
gard without affection, pr. par. 
disliking,' past, disUked: s. dis- 
like^ disliket . 

DISLI'REN. V. To make unlike, pr. 
jasx. dislikening ; past, dislikened. 

OIS'LOCATE. V. To put out of the 
proper place ; to put out of joint ; 
to disjoint, pr. par. dislocating; 
past, dislocated: s. dislocation. 

PTSLODGE'. V. To remove from a 
place, to remove from a habita- 
tion, pr. par. dislodging; past, dis- 

OJSLOTXL. adj. Not true to alle- 

giaace; faith J ess; dishonest adv. 


disloyally: s. disloyalty ^ pi. dts 

DIS'MAL. adj. Sorrowful, dire, hor 
rid, melancholy, adv. dismally ; s 

DISMANTLE, v. To deprive of a 
dress ; to "strip ; to denude, pr. par. 
dismantling; past, dismanifed. 

DISMASK'. V. To divest of a mask. 
pr. par. dismasking; past, dis- 

DISMAY'. V. To terrify, to discour 
age, to depress, to deject, pr. par. 
dismaying; past, dismayed: s. dis- 

DISiVlEM'BER. v. To divide mem- 
ber from member; to .cut into 
pieces, pr. par. dismembering; j>ast 
dismembered: s. dismemberment. 

DISMISS'. V. To send away, tod s 
card, to divest of an office, pr 
par. dismissing; past, dismissed: 
8. dismissal^ dismission: adj. d\^- 

DISMOUNT. V. To throw off a 
horse ; to alight from a horse ; to 
throw from any elevation or place 
of honour, pr. oar. dismounting, 
past, dism^ounted. 

DISOBEDIENCE, s. Violation of 
lawful command or prohibition; 
breach of duty due to superiors 
adj. disobedient: ady. disobediently. 

DISOBEY'. V. To break commands, 
or transgress prohibitions, pr. par. 
disolteying; past, disobeyed. 

DISOBLIGA'TION. s. Act of dis- 
obliging, adj. disobligatory. 

DISOBLfOE. V. To refuse an act 
of convenience; to offend, pr. par 
disobliging; past, disobliged: s 
disobliger, disobligingness : ad\ 

DISORDER. 5. Want of regular 
disposition; irregularity; confu- 
sion; tumult. Y. disorder ; pr. par. 
disordering; ^tLstj disordered: adv. 

DISORGANIZE, v. To break into 
pieces; to destroy the order of. 
pr. par. disorganizing; past, disor- 
gamized: s. disorganization. 


DISOWN'. V. To deny, to renounce, 
pr. par. disoumin^fn^Bt., disowned, 

DISPAR'AGE. V. To match une- 
qaally; to treat with contdsipt. 
pr. par. <2urparagtn^; past, c2t5par- 
agtd: s. disparagement^ disparager: 
hdv ^disparagingly. 

DLSPAR'ITY. s. Inequality; differ- 
ence in rank or excellence, pi. 

DISPART. V. To divide, to separate, 
pr. par. disparting; past, aispart- 

DlSPAS'SlONATE. adj. Cool, calm, 
impartial, adv. dispassionately. 

DISPATCH'. V. See Despatch. 

DISPEL'. V. To drive, by scattering; 
to dissipate, pr. par. dispeUing; 
past, dispelled: s. dispeller, 

DISPEN'SARY. s. The place where 
medicines are dispensed, pi. dis- 

DISPENSA'TOR. s. One employed 
in dealing out any thing, a distrib- 

DISPENSE*. V. To deal out, to dis- 
tribute, to excuse, pr. par. dis- 
pensing; past, dispensed: s. dis- 
penser, dispensation: adj. dispen- 
sative, dispensable adv. dispensa- 

DISPEOPLE. V. To depopulate, to 
empty of people, pr. par. dispeo- 
pling; past, dispeopled. 

DISPERSC V. To scatter, to dissi- 
pate, to distribute, pr. par. dis- 
persing; past, dispersed: adv. dtV 
persedly: s. dispersedness^ disperser, 
dispersion: adj. dispersive. 

DISPIRIT. V. To discourage, to de- 
ject, to depress, pr. par. dispirit- 
ing, past, dispirited. 

DISPLACE. V. To put out of place; 
to disorder, pr. par. displacing; 
past, displnced. 

DISPLANT. V. To remove a plant ; 
to drive a people from their resi- 
dence, pr. par. displanting; past, 
iisplanted: s. displantation, 

DISPLAV. V. To spread wide; to 
exhibit to the sight or Tiind; to 


open. pr. par. displaying; past. 
displayed: s. display, display tr. 

DISPLEA'SE. V. To offend, to make 
Ai^gry, to make sad. pr. par dis 
pleasing; past, di^leased: s. dis' 

DISPLEAS'URE. s. Uneasiness ; 
pain received; offence; anger: 

DISPLU'ME. V. To strip of feathers 
pr. par. displuming; past, dis- 

DISPORT. V. To divert, pr. par. 
disporting; past, disported. 

DISPOSE. V. To give, to place, to 
bestow, to frame the mind, to ap- 
propriate, pr. par. disposing; past, 
disposed: s disposal, disposer: adj. 

DISPOSITION. «. Act of disposing- 
order; distribution; method; tem- 
per of mind. 

DISPOSSESS'. V. To put out of pos- 
session; to deprive of. pr. par. 
dispossessing; past, dispossessed; 
6. dispossession. 

DISPRAl'SE- *. Blame, censure, 
dishonour, v. dispraise; pr. par. 
dispraising; past, dispraised: s. 
dispraiser: adj. dispraisable : adv. 

DISPROF'IT. s. Loss, damage, de- 
triment, v. disprojii; pr. par. dis- 
profiting; past, disprqjfitea. 

DISll^OOF'. s. Confutation. 

DISPROPORTION, s. Want of sym- 
metry; disparity, y. disproportion, 
pr. par. disproportioning ; past, 
disproportioned: adj. dispropor- 
tional, disproportionate: adv. di9» 
proportionally, disproportionately : 
s. disproportionateness, 

DISPROVE. V. To confute an as- 
sertion ; to disapprove ; to disa^^f 
low. pr. par. disproving; past, 
disproved: s. disprover. 

DISPUTE. V. To contend by argu- 
ment ; to debate, pr. par. disput- 
i^Si past, disputed: s. dispute, 
disputer, disputant: ad\. oEispuUv 


DISPUTA'TION.«. Act of disputing; 
Argumentation, adj. dispuiattous^ 

DISQUAL'IFY. ». To make unfit ; 

to disable by some natural or le* 

gal impediment, pr. par. disquali- 

jyingf past, disqual^ied: s. dis- 


DISQCiI'£T. s. Uneasiness, rest- 
lessness, vexation, anxiety, v. dis- 
quiet; pr. par. disquieiinff; past, 
atsquieted: s. disqtUeUr^ disquie- 

DISREGARiy. 8. Slight notice, ne- 
gleet, contempt, v. disregard; 
pr. par. disregarding; past, <^- 
regarded: s. disregarder: adj. dw- 
regardful: adv. aisregardfuUy. 

DISREL'ISH. s. Bad taste; dislike 
of the palate, v. disrelish ; pr. par. 
disrelisning; past, disrelished. 

DISREPUTE, s. Ill character; dis- 
honour; want of reputation, s. 
disreputation: adj. disreputable. 

DISRESPECT', s. Incivility; want 
of reverence, v. disrespect ; pr. par. 
disrespecting; past, disrespected: 
•aA]. disrespectful : sidv. disrespect 

DlSRaBE. V. To undress, to un- 
covej, to strip, pr. par. disrobing; 
past, disrobed: s. disrober. 

DISRUPTION, s. The act of break- 
ing asunder; breach; rent. 

of being dissatisfied; discontent, 
adj. dissatisfatory. 

DISSATISFY, v. To discontent, to 
displease, pr par. dissatisfying; 
past, dissaii^fi&i, 

DISSECT. V. To cut into pieces ; 
to divide and examine minutely, 
pr. par. dissecting; past, dissected: 
s. dissection^ dissector. 

DISSEIZE'. V. To dispossess of a 
freehold ; to deprive, pr. par. dis- 
seizirig; past, disseized: s. disseizin^ 

DISSEM'BLE. v. To hide under a 

ialse appearance ; to pretend that 

not to bCf which is bo. pr. par. 

'^^emdltng past, dissembled: s. 


dissemblance^ dissembler: adv. dis- 

DlSSEM'iJNATE. o. To scatter as 
^ed; to sow; to spread every 
way. pr. par. disstminaiing; past, 
disseminated: s. dissemination^ dis- 

DISSENT*. V. To disagree in opinion; 
to differ, pr. par. dissenting; past, 
dissented: s. dissent. 

DISSEN'SION. a. Act of dissenting i 
disagreement ; strife, adj. dissen- 

DISSENTA'NEOUS. adj. Disagree- 
able,contrary. adv. dissentaneovsly. 

DISSENT'ER. s. One that disagrees 
from an opinion; one who refuses 
the communion of the English 
church, adj. dissentient 

DISSERT. V. To discourse, to dis- 
pute, pr. par. disserting; psist^ dis- 
serted: s. dissertation^ dissertaior. 

DISSERVE'. V. To do injury to; to 
hurt. pr. par. disserving; past, 
disserved: s. disservice: adj. dis- 

DISSEVER. V. To part in two; to 
divide, pr. par. dissevering; past, 
dissevered: s. disseverance. 

DISSIM'ILAR. adj. Unlike, heterp. 
geneous. s. dissimilarity^ pi. dis- 

DISSIMILITUDE, s. Unlikeness, 
want of resemblance. 

DISSIMULA'TION. s. The act of 
dissembling ; hypocrisy. 

DIS'SIPATE. v. To scatter every 
way; to disperse ; to live intern* 
perately. pr. par. diissipating ;pnsly 
dissipated : s. dissipation. 

DISSOCIATE. V. To separate, to 
disunite, pr. par. dissociating ^ 
past, dissociated: s. dissociation. 

DISSOL'UBLE. adj. Canabjeofbc 
ing dissolved, s. dissolubility, pi. 

DIS'SOLUTE. adj. Loose, wanton, 
unrestrained, adv. dissolviely: s. 

DISSOLU'TION. s. The act of dis 
solving; destruction, by the sepa 
ration of p^i\.%\ ^«^\.\\. 

DISSOLVE. ». To mell, to liquefy, 

eak- pr paj. diai 

DISSUADE. 0. To dehon 


OISSFLLA'BK:. adj. Conaialing of 

DlS-Sv'lfiLABLk. J. A wnni of t*c 

DISTAFF. J. The rtaff fiom which 

D[S"TANC£. t. Spsccl coonideiod 
barely in lengih.tietiveen any two 
place*; contrarictj; opppaitioti ; 
raapect. t. jiuftmor ,- pi. pat. au- 
Umcmg; past, <Ji>[ana-iJ,' sdj. dis- 
tant: adv. dislaatttf. 

DISTASTE'. J. Avcision of the' pal- 
ate; disrelish; dislike, adj. liii- 

DISTEH'FER-S. A dispro^rtionatc 
mixture of oarti t a disease : a dis- 

dMcmpertd: t. HsUvijiiranct, •i\ 

DiSTENff. ». Tc. BirBtch out 
breodlh. pi. pat. diilouiing ; ps.f 

DISTENTION. >. Thn act of di 
tending; bteadlh. adj.diiftnf. 

DISTICH. J. Acouplol.acoupleor 

DISTIL". V. To drnp; to faU by 
diupa; to flow gently and silently. 
pr. par. dtatitliTig-; past, disliltta: 
m. iitHaaiion, diMSier: adj. HitS- 

DISTlNCT.ndj. Different, separate, 

DISTI.'it-f lOX.'j. The sol of dis- 
tinguishing; diBerence; discriai' 

riority. adj. distinrttvt; adv. dis- 
liaclivdy.. s. ihslincintaeii. 
DlSTlNtrUISH. r. To nute by th* 
diversity of things; loseparateby 
some mark of honour or prefer- 

or eminent, yt- par. dialingvish- 
iTigi pnst, disliiruidud: adj. da' 
lingiashable,- s.dittinrvisher. 
DlSTOR-r. r.To,i-rithe;loHtist; 
to deforni by irr^ular motions; 

pr. pat. diaiBrtingi past, dtilorUd: 
». Jiilorhon. 
DISTRACT'. V. To pull differcnl 

plEi, to di;ran^e. pr. par. distract- 
I'tgl past, diriract^! adv. dit. 
tractedly; a. distradedTiai, du- 

DISTRAIN'. 0. To seize; to lay 

debt. pr. pat, diitrainii^; past, 

distrmned: a. dislrainer. 
DISTRESS', s. The act of making 

a legal seiiurc; calamity; miser]-; 

mlsfortnnB. v. diatriti; pr. par. 

diilTttiing! paet, dutrened.- adj. 
. dulrenful.- adv. Jalrtn/vlh/. 
DISTRIB'UTE.iF. To divide amongst 

DISTRICT. J. The cite 


toty within which a m 

an may be 

compelled to appearaj 

ce; prov. 

DISTRUST. 0. To regsrd with dif- 
fidence; nottotrust. pr.pai.^ 
trusimgi paat, diilnated: s. dit 
tnst.Mitnalfubitai! ad^cKsfnut 
/ul, diilniallui ; o&i - dulru-AfvCCe^ 

D18TUHB. .. To pui into irrepi- 

rel- pr. flit, dtalvrbbifi psiL, 
turbti- a^tkaturbratci, aiBturbtr- 
DlSU'"'Ori. i. ScpuMion, di-junc- 

DlSUKlTIi:. V. To Bepwate, to di- 
vide, (a roll aaundci'. pr. pu. dii- 
tuuttng'; pait, diiuniled: t. dii 

DISUSE, t. Ceisalionof uk; do. 

juetude. t. JimUi.ft. pU. dis. 

using I pact, Sisusai: ■. dinaage. 
DITCH. J. A lieiuh cul in the 

graund, usually between Jielda; 

riHler.p\.diicha:i.dilcJiipr. par. 

ditching; pail, dticfud: ■- ditelter, 

DITHVHAM'BIC. adj. WUd, en- 

DITTANV.' I. An herb. 
bITTa 1. A Hoid in Lhe acconnu 
of trndeflcieDi sigDiijring " the 

DITTT. I. A poem to be lung; a 
"Due. pi, dillta. 

nlURCTJC. adj. Hnvingthe pow- 
er w provoke urine- 

DlUR'iVAL. a.{f. Relating to Ihedayi 
dailv; qiiotidiui. ulv. diumaUl/.- 
I. divnialiiL 

Itl VAN"' * Tbe council of the ori- 

DIVE. ». Toainii Tolunlsrily under 
wiier ; lo go deep into any <jue«- 
lion,dacInne,ar aclence. p(. par. 
ditiniti post, dmd: a. diver, 

mVElSiE. B. Totcndtarioui wiji 
rrom one point, pr.jinr. diverginr; 
pARL, diverged: i. dmrgsna^ tdj. 


I mindbytuimiigiifiDi, 
DIVEB'SITV, J. Dilfci 

a torn off from ai 
wilbdiaw the mil 

I p." 'J;™ 

I delight, plemre, a musical com- 

DrVEST'-'o. To strip, lo make na 
lied, pr par. i/iDtjIinj-- past. A' 

DHTDE e. To BBparnlcj to part 

give in sharei. pr pur. divldiag, 
pait, dividrd! H. Jtvidrr: adv. £ 
vidldly: adj. diriival, 
DIVIDE^D, J. Tlie number to be 
divided; a ahare. ihcport allDitcil 

JDIVrK^"^'. Pattakinoof thena- 
' ■•re of God; eicelleni in a bu- 

L I. A minialer of the Goa 
prieit ; n clergyman j a theo- 


I looian. 
mVlTTE. 1 


Bo.iicalion. pr. pnr. Jltiining, 
divined^ adv. divinfly: a. di- 


DIVERSIFY. V. Tomaie^iifl! 

to varf 1 to Tariognle. pr. pn 

ttfsi/ymg! past, diEtrsijui 

mvER'SION. »- Tlirnclortu 
Mij liiiag oir from ita co 


dwtv; godhead; God, tlic Deitj. 

DmS'ION. *.'The net of dividing! 

partition; diitinclion diiunion. 

adj. ditiiible: e.dinisor. 
DtVORCET. J. Tlie legal lepnrntion 

ofhutiband and will, y.dinn-a, 

pr. pa*, iaatdng pait, dievrtid 

'. DIVULGE'.'B.Topublishitoreveal 
o the world, pr. nar. dintdgingi 
■ait, dioutged; i. diirui^fr. 

I DIVUL'SION. J. Plucking aviaf; 
:. silj. diBuliive. 


DIZ'ZY. adj. Giddy, vertiginous, 
whirling, v. dizzy; pr. par. dizzy- 
ing; past, dizzied: s. dizziness, 

DO. v. To act or behave in any man- 
ner, well or ill ; to make an end ; 
to conclude, pr. par. doingj past, 
done: s. doer. 

DOAT. V. See Dote. 

OaCILE. adj. Teachable; easily 
instructed, s. docility, pi. docilities. 

DOCK. s. A species of weed. 

DOCK. 5. A place where water is 
let in or out at pleasure, where 
■hips are built, or laid up. 

DOCK. V. To cut off a tail, to cut 
any thing short, pr. par. docking ; 
past, docked. 

DOCK'ET. s. A direction tied upon 
goods; a summary of a larger 
writing ; a list of cases in court. 

DOCK'- YARD. s. A place or yard 
where ships are built, and naval 
stores deposited. 

DOCTOR. «. One that has taken the 
highest degree in the faculties of 
divinity, law, physic, or music ; a 
physician, v. doctor; pr. par. doc- 
toring; past, doctored: s. fem. doc- 

DOCTRINE. 8. The principles or 
positions of any sect or master, 
adj. doctrinal: adv. doctrinally. 

DOCUMENT, s. Precept, instruc- 
tion, direction ; a written evidence, 
a record, adj. docutnental, docu- 

DODGE. V. To use craft; to shift 
place, as another approaches, pr. 
par. dodging; past, dodged: s. 

DOE. 8. A female deer ; the female 
of a buck. 

DOES. V. The third person from do, 
synonymous with doth. 

IXyG. 8. A well known domestic 
animal, v. dogging; past, dogged. 

DOG.'DA YS. 8. The days in which the 
dog-star rises and sets with the sun. 

DOGE. 8. The title of the chief 
magistrate of Venice and Genoa. 

DOG'GED. adj. Sullen, sour, morose. 
itiJK. dog^g-ecUy: a. doggcdness* 


DOG'GER. 8. A small ship, with 

one mast. 
DOG'GREL. adj. Loosed from the 

measures or rules of regular po- 
etry ; vile, despicable, s. doggrel. 
DOG'-KENNEL. s. A little hut or 

house for dogs. 
DOCMA. 5. Established principle 

doctrinal notion, adj. dogmatic 

dogmatical: adv. dogmatically: s 

dogmatism^ dogmatint. 
DOG'MATIZE. v. To assert posi 

lively, pr. par. dogmatizing; past, 

dogmatizea: s. dogmatizer. 
DOl'LY. 8. A species of woollen 

stuff; the name of a small napkin 

placed on our tables, after dinner. 

pi. doilies. 
DCiNGS. 8. Things done ; events, 

transactions ; feats, actions. 
DOIT. 8. A small piece of money. 
DOLE. V. To deal, to distribute, pr. 

par. doling; past, doled: s. dole. 
DOLE'FUL. cuy. Sorrowful, dismal, 

melancholy, adv. dolefully: s 

DOLL. 8. A contraction of Dorothy 

a little girPs puppet or baby. 
DOL'LAR. 8. A silver coin of differ 

ent value; equal to four shilling)- 

and six-pence, British. 
DOLOKIF'IC. adj. Causing grief oi 

DOLOROUS, adj. Sorrowful, dole 

fnl, dismal, adv. dolorously. 
DOL'PHIN. 8. A kind of fish. 
DOLT. 8. A heavy, stupid fellow 

a blockhead, adj. doltish: s. doH- 

DOMAIN'. 8. Dominion, empira 

possession, estate. 

DOME. 8. A building, a house, a fah 
ric, a cupola. 

DOMES'DAY. *. See Doomsday. 

DOMESTIC, adj. Belonging to the 
house; private; not foreign, s. 
domestic: v. domesticate; pr. par 
domesticating ; past, domesticated 
adv. domestically. 

DOM'lCll^ s. k)Row^is\^\Mi«^^\ 
residence. ad\. damlaUa'nj, 

iK>M— DOR 

DOMICIL'IATE. v. To render do- 
ni«;stic. pr. par. domiciliatingt' past, 

DOM'INAIE. V. To predominate; 
to govern, pr. par. dominating ,• 
past, dominated: adj. dominant: 
8. domination^ dominaior. 

DOMINEER'. V. To rule with inso- 
lence; to bluster, pr. par. domi- 
neering,' past, domineered. 

DOMIN'ICAL. adj. Noting the Lord's 
day, or Sunday. 

DOMlN'lCAN. s. One of the orders 
of St. Dominick. 

DOMINION, s. Sovereign authority; 
unlimited power; territory; re- 

DOM'INO. s. A kind of hood, worn 
by canons of cathedral churches 
in Italy ; a masquerade garment. 

DON. s. The Spanish title for a gen- 

DONATION. 5. The act of giving 
any thing; the thing given, s. 

DONE. The past par. of the v. to do. 

DONOR, s. A ^iver, a bestower. 

DOOM. V. To judge ; to condemn 
to any punishment; to destine, 
pr. par. dooming; past, doomed: 
8. doom. 

DOOMS'DAY. s. The day of final 
and universal judgment. 

DOOMS'DAY-BOOK. s. A book 
made by order of William the Con- 
queror, in which the estates of the 
kingdom were registered. 

DOOR. 8. The gate of a house ; en- 
trance, portal, passage. 

DOQTJET. 5. See Docket. 

POR'IC. adj. A species of ancient 
music ; an order of architecture. 

DORMANT, adj. Sleeping; in a 
sleeping posture ; private ; con- 

DOR'MITIVE. s. A soporific medi- 
cine; an opiate. 

DORMITORY, s. A place to sleep 
in. pi domiitories. 

DOR'MOVSE. s. A small animal 
which passes a large part of the 

winter in sleep. 


DOR'SAL. adj. Belonging to the 

DOSE. s. So much of any medicine 

as is taken at one time. v. dose, 

pr. par. dosing; past, dosed. 
DOST. t>. The second person o{ da 
DOT. s. A small point or spot, made 

to mark any place in a writing. 

usually a period, v. dot; pr. par 

dotting ; past, doited. 
DOTATION, s. The act of giving 

a dowry or portion. 
DOTE. V. To have the intellect ini 

paired by age or passion; to b< 

delirious ; to be in love to extrem 

ity. pr. par. doting; past, doted 

adv. dotingly: s. dotage^ dotard. 
DOTH. V. The third person oi do. 
DOUANEE'R. «. An officer of cus 

DOUB'LE. adj. Two of a sort ; one 

corresponding to the other; in 

pairs; twice as much; deceitful 

V. double ; pr. par. dovbling ; pasi , 

doubled: s. double: adv. doubly. 
DOUB'LE-DEALER s. A deceitful, 

subtle, insidious fellow. 

double signification of a sentence 

or expression. 
DOUB'LET. *. The inner garment 

of a man ; the waistcoat ; two ; a 


Spanish coin, of the value of two 

DOUBT. V. To question ; to be in 

uncertainty; to fear; to suspect; 

to hesitate, pr. par. doubting; past, 

doubted : s. doubty doubter. 
DOUBTFUL, adj. Dubious; not 

settled in opinion ; ambiguous, 

hazardous, adv. doubtfully: s 

doubtfulness: adv. doubtingly^ 

doubtless^ doubtlessly. 
DOUCEUR', s. A lure; a coaxing 

temptation ; a bribe. 
DOUGH, a. The paste of bread, oi 

of pies, vet unbaked. 
DOUGH'TY. adj. Brave, noble, il- 

lustrious, eminent: — it is now sel 

dom used^ exQ<i^X \xo\\vtvy.\.W. 

pu. (iouji'iif .' pnBt, doustd. 
DOVE. J. A Wild pigEOa. 
DOVECOT. J. A Hiaall bujldlne m 

which plg«oiiBjire bred and kept. 
D0\'BTAIL *. A form orjoining 

lyto bodies together, where thnt 

a wedgB lovencd, and therefore 
ciDDOl full oal. adj. JcmlaileL 
DOW ABLE. adj. Capable of being 

DOWAGER. J. A widow wilhsjoin- 
tnrsi the title ijivea to Udiei who 
siiriiie their husbnndB. 
DOWDY, i. An awlfwanl, ill dreni. 
edi inelegant woman. 'pLdovjdies! 
adj. dowdy. 

DOWTR, DOWRY, j. That which 
Ihe wife brings to her husband 
in murriagei thai which a widow 
pQBSefiBeB- -pi. afdoiDty^ dnvria. 

DOWLAS. (. Acoarseklndaflinen. 

DOWN, I. Soft roathors; soft wool, 
6r tander hair: ihe Edit fihrai o( 
dUdU which wing the aeeda; a 
targe, opan plain, properly a flat 
on the top or a hill. adj. doicny, 

DOWN. prqi. Along a deaceot; 
from a higher place to a lower. 

DOWN'CAST. adj. Beol down ; di. 

DOWN'FAL. "iffl^, calamity, 
adj. dmcAftdlen. 

DOWNHEARTED, adj. Dqected. 

DOWNRIGHT, adj. Plain, Open, 
apparent, iindi>|"ucd, nncereniD- 
moniooB. adv. downrighUy. 

DOWNSITTING. i. Bp»t, repose. 

DOWN'WARDS. ode. Toward- the 
cenlrei from a higher situation 
to a lower. 3d), dounioard. 

DOWRY. J. See Dowia. 

UOWSE. t. See Itei'st 

DO-XOL'OGY. I, A form of giving 
sloTy to Ond. pi. doxoiagies.- adj- 

DOXT J>. A loose wench, pi. doTia. 
UffiE. V, To Mlaaibei; lu aleep 


DKAB. .. 

The number of twelve. 

Greek c 

DRAM. >. An old 
oin; the ejglith part ul 



.. A cheek drawn for 

on arinj. v, drafl; pr. pat. lini/t 

iny; past, drafted. 
DRAG, I. To pull along the ground 

by main force ; to pull roughly aLd 

forcibly, pr. par. itragging; pan, 

draeged.. t. drag. 
DRAG'GLC V. To make dirt; by 

dragging on the ground, pr. pat 

drngSliag! past, dragglfd. 
DRAG'OMAN. t An Asiatic inter 

DRAGm. I. Akindofwingedser- 
pent, prhape iinRginary. 

DRAGOON'. I. Asoldier thatwrvei 
horsebacL i.driigaoni pt. par, 
igoaning: past, dragoonid. 

DRAIN. V. To draw off gradually! 
empty by drawing |;radually 
ay. ])[, par. draining; past, 
rined.' e. drain: adj. drain^iU. 

DRAKE. 1. Thomaleofaduck, 

DRAM. S. Such a quantity of dit 
rpirits IB ia usually dru ok 

DRA'MA. a. Apnem Dt^coDimodoted 
Co action; a pdem in which the 
Hition ii not relatpd, h<it nnrc- 
■enled. ndl, dmnndc. i/nnnntioi/i 
adv. 4ra«\allcaU.y i. dratnatiat. 

DRA'MATIZE. r. To form ntn 
Iramu. pr.par. rfrfluinfiiiny pait, 
liaTwilitid: s. irnmalhtr. 

DRAKK. Pretoritoflhflv, rfrijifc. 

DRA'fER J. One wlio sells cloth. 

DRATERY. if. Cloth-wotk t)ur 

DRAUGHT, DRAFT, i). To dnm 
out ; to caVl foiA, jrt . yai. Arosi^VX 
ing! ptil, dr(nighl»>. 


DRAW. V. To pull along; to pull 

forcibly; to pluck; to practise 

the art of delineation, pr. par. 

drawing; past, dravm: s. draw^ 

drawings drawer. 
DRAWBACK, s. Money paid back 

for ready payment, or any other 

reason; reduction. 
DRAWBRIDGE, s. A bridge made 

to be lifted up, to hinder or admit 

communication at pleasure. 
DRAWINGROOM. s. The room in 

which company assembles. 
DRAWL. V. To utter any thin^ in 

a slow manner, pr. par. drawling; 

past, drawled: s. drawl. 
DRAWN, part. Collected, pulled, 

equal, open. 
DRAW*WELL. a. A deep well, 

from which water is drawn with 

a bucket. 
DRAY. s. A sort of cart. 
DRAY'MAN. s. One that attends a 

DREAD. 5. Fear, terror, habitual 

fear, awe. v. dread ; pr. par. dread- 
ing; past, dreaded: adj. dread: s. 

DREAD'FUL. adj. Terrible, fright- 

ful, awful, adv. dreadfully: s. dread- 

J'ulness: adj. dreadless: s. dread- 

DREAM. 5. A phantasm of sleep; 

an idle fancy; a wild conceit, v. 

dream; pr. par. dreaming; past, 

dreamed^ dreamt: s. dreamer. 
DREAR, DREAR'Y. adj. Mournful, 

sorrowful, dismal, adv. drearily : 

s. dreariness. 
DREDGE, s. A kind of net. v. dredge; 

pr. par. dredging; past, dredged: 

s. dredger. 
DREGS, s. The sediment of liquors ; 

the lees ; the grounds, dross, re- 
DRENCH. V. To wash, to soak, to 

steep, to physic by violence, pr. 

par. drenching; pasty drenched: s. 

drenchy drencher. 
D/fESS. V. To clothe, to adorn, to 
embellish ; to prepare victuals for 
i^ie table, pr. par. dressing; past,' 


dressed: s. dress^ dresser^ dressmf 
adj. dressy. 

DREW. Pret. of the v. to draw. 

DRIB'BLE. V. To fall in drops ; to 
fall weakly and slowly, pr. pa» 
dribbling; past, dribbled. 

DRIFT, s. Force impellent ; im 
pulse, course ; a storm ; a deep 
body of snow. v. drij't; pr. par 
drifting; past, drifted. 

DRIFTWOOD, s. Wood carried bj 
a flood. 

DRILL. V. To pierce any thing with 
a drill ; to perforate ; to bore ; to 
teach the military exercise, pr. 
par. drilling ; past, drilled : s. drill 

DRIL'LING. 5. A kind of strong, 
twilled linen, worn by soldiers al 
the drill. 

DRINK. V. To swallow liquors ; to 
suck up ; to absorb, pr. par. drink- 
ing; past, drwn/c; B.arinky drinker. 
adj. drinkable. 

DRIF. V. To fall in drops, pr. par 
drijyping; past, dripped: s. drip. 

DRIPPirsTG-PAN. 5. A pan in which 
the fat of roast meat is caught. 

DRIA'E. V. To produce motion by 
violence ; to force along by im- 
petuous pressure; to chase, to 
nunt, to expel, pr. par. driving t 
past, driven: s. driver. 

DRIVEL. V. To let the spittle fall 
in drops, like a child, an idiot, or 
a dotard ; to be weak or foolish 
pr. par. driveling; past, dnveled: 
s. driveler. 

DRIZ'ZLE. v. To shed in small, 
slow drops, as winter rains, pr. par. 
drizzling; past, drizzled: s. driz 
zle: adj. drizzly. 

DROLL, s. One whose business is to 
raise mirth by petty tricks ; a jest 
er, a buffoon, adj. droll: s. arol 
lerif, pi. drolleries. 

DROM'EDARY. s. A sort of camel 
pi. dromedaries. 

DRONE, s. The bee which makes 
no honey ; the hum, or instrumen* 
of humming ; an idler, v. dronei 
pr. par. droning; past, droned 

\ ad\. drcmisK. 


DROOP. V. To languish with sor- 
row ; to faint ; to grow weak< pr. 

par. drooping; past, drooped. 
DkOP. s. a globule of moisture ; an 

ornament hanging in the ear. v. 

drop; pr. par. dropping; past, 

DROPSY. *. A collection of water 

in the body. pi. dropsies; adj. 

dropsicnlj dropsied. 
DROSS, s. The recrement or de- 

spuniation of metals ; rust, refuse. 

adj. drossy: s. drossiness. 
DROUGHT, s. Dry weather, want 

of rain, thirst, s. droughtiness. 
DROVE. The preterit of the v. drive. 
DROVE, s. A body or number crT 

cattle. 8. drover. 
DROWN. V. To suffocate in water; 

to deluge. pr.pd.r. drowning; past, 

droumed: s. dr owner. 
DROWSY. ad,j. Sleepy, heavy, lazy. 

adv. drowsily: s. drowsiness. 
DRUB. V. To thresh, to beat, to bang. 

pr. par. drubbing; past, drubbed. 
DRUDGE. V. To labour in mean 

offices ; to work hard ; to slave. 

pr. par. drudging; past, drudged: 

8. drudge J drudger, drudgery ^ pi. 

drudgeries : adv. drudgingly. 
DRUDGING-BOX. s. The box out 

of which flour is sprinkled. 
DRUG. s. An ingredient used in 

physic; a medicinal simple, v. 

drug; pr. par. drugging; past, 

drugged: s. druggist. 
DRUG'GET. s. A slight kind of 

woollen stuff. 
DRU'ID. a. One of the priests and I 

philosophers of the ancient Brit- 
ons and Gauls, ^idy druidiccd : s. 


DRUM. 8. An instrument of military 
mTisic ; the tympanum of the ear. 
V. drum; pr. pa»' drumming; past, 
dnrmmed: s. drum'ner. 

DRUM'tlSH. s. The name of a fish. 

DRUM-MA'JOR. s. The chief drum-^ 
mer of a regiment. 

DRUI^r-STICK. s. A stick with 
wtdch a drum is beaten* 


'DRUjVK adj. Intoxicated witn strong 
liquor; inebriated, ^dy drunken: 
adv. drunkenly: s. drunkenness^ 

DRY. adj. Arid, not wet, not moist, 
plain, hard, severe, adv. drily: 
8. dryness. 

DRY. V. To free from moisture ; to 
exhale moisture; to drain, pr. par 
drying; past, dried: s. dryer. 

DRY'a13. s. A wood-nymph. 

DRY'NURSE. s. A woman who 
brings up and feeds a child with- 
out the breast, v. dryniirse; pr. 
par. drynvrsing ; past, drynursed. 

DRY'SALTER. s. A dealer in salted 
or dried meats, sauces, oils, pic 
kles, drugs, and various other 

DRY'SHOp. adj. Without wet feet. 

DU'AL. adj. Expressing the number 
two. s. duality . 

DUB. V. To m;»ke a man a knight; 
to confer any kind of dignity or. 
new character. ^^v.^idiT.. dubbing; 
past, dnbbed: a. dub. 

DUBIOUS, adj. Doubtful, uncer- 
tain, not plain, adv. dubiously: 
s. dubiousness. 

DU'BITABLE. adj. Doubtful, uncer- 
tain. s. dvbitancy^ dubifation. 

DU'CAL. adj. Pertaining to a duke. 

DUCAT, s. A coin struck by dukes; 
in silver, worth four shillings and 
six-pence ; in gold, nine shillings 
and six-pence. 

DUCH'ESS. s. The wife of a duke 
a female who presides over a 
dutchv. pi. duchesses. 

DUCH'Y. s. See Dutciit. 

DUCK. s. A species of water-fowl 

DUCK. V. To dive under water, as 
a duck ; to put under water, pr. 
par. ducking; past, ducked: s. 

DUCK'ING-STOOL. s. A chair in 

which scolds are tied, and put 

under water. 
DUCR'LING. s. A youn^ duck. 
DUCT. s. Guidance, direction; a 

passage ihTOu^VY vjYCvOa ^-wj >Cwnxv<^ 

IS condvicled. 


DUCTILE, adj. Easy to be drawn 
nut into length; Hexible; pliable. 
a. ductility^ pi. ductilities. 

UUDG'EON. 5. A small dagger; sul- 
lenness, malignity. 

DUE. cuij. Owed; that which any 
one has a right to demand ; prop- 
er, fit. s. due ; adv. duly. 

DU'EL. s. A combat between two. 
s. dueling, dudist. 

DUEN'NA. 5. An old woman, kept 
to guard a younger. 

DU'ET. s. An air for two perform- 

DUG. 5. A pap, a nipple. 

DUG. The pret. and past par. of the 
V. dig. 

DUKE. s. One of the highest order 
of nobility. 

DUKE'DO^f. s. The seigniory or 
possession of a duke. 

DUL'CET. adj. Sweet, luscious, har- 

i>UL'CIFY. t>. To sweeten, pr. par. 
dulcifying; past, dulcified: s. dul- 

.^UL'CIjMER. 5. A kind of musical 

)ULL. adj. Stupid, doltish, blunt, 
obtuse, melancholy, adv. duUy : s. 

.JULY. adv. Properly, fitly, regular- 
ly, exactly. 

OUMB. adj. Mute; incapable of 
speech; silent, adv. dumbly: s. 

DUMTLING. s. A sort of pudding. 

DUMPS, s. In a state of sorrow, mel- 
ancholy, or sadness, adj. dumpish: 
adv. dumpishly : 9. dumpiskness. 

OUN. adj. A colour partaking of 
brown and black ; dark, gloomy. 

DUN. s. A clamorous, importunate 
creditor ; an importunate demand 
for money, v. dun ; pr. par. dun- 
ning; past, dunned: s. aunner. 

DUN. s. An eminence, a mound. 

DUNCE. 5. A dolt ; one who is slow 

in learning. 
Df TNG. *. The excrement of animals. 
r. dung-; pr. par. dunging; past. 


DUN'GEON. 5. A close prison. 

DUODE'CIMO. *. A book is said tr 
be in duodecimo, when a sheet ia 
folded into twelve parts. 

DUPE. s. A credulous man ; a man 
easily tricked, v. dupe; pr. par. 
duping ; past, duped : s. duper. 

DUPLICATE. V. To double, pr. par 
duplicating; past, duplicated: s 

DUTLICATE. adj. Duplicate pro. 
portion is the proportion of 

DU'PLICATE. 8. Another, corres- 
pondcnt to the first; a second 
thing of the same kind. 

DUPLT'CITY. s. Doubleness, deceit, 
pi. duplicities. 

DU'RABLE. adj. Lasting, s. dura- 
bility, pi. durabilities : adv. dura- 

DU'RANCE. s. Imprisonment, en- 
durance, duration. 

DURA'lION. s. Power of continu- 
ance ; length of oontinuance. 

DURESSE'. 5. Impnsonment, con- 

DU'RING. prep. For the time of the 
continuance of; while any thing 

DURST. Preterit of the v. dare. 

DUSK. adj. Tending to darkness, 
dark-coloured, adv. duskily: s. 
duskiness: adj. duskish, dusky. 

DUST. 5. Earth or other matter re- 
duced to small particles, v. dust , 
pr. par. dusting; past, dusted: s. 
duster, dustiness: adj. dusty. 

DUSTMAN. 8. One whose employ- 
ment is to carry away the dust, pi 

DUTCH. 8. The people of Holland; 
the Dutch language. 

DUTCH'ESS. 8. See Duchess. 

DUTCHT J. A territory which 
gives title to a duke. pi. dutchies. 

DU'TIFUL. adj. Obedient ; submis- 
sive to natural or legal superiors. 
Tk^y . dutifully : b. dui fulness. 

DU'TY. 5. That to which a man ia 
. by anv natural or legal obligation 
[ bound. \\l. duties: adj. duteous* 


DUUM'VIRATE. s. A government 
or juriadiction among the Romans, 
exercised by two. 

DWARF, s. A man below the com- 
mon size of men ; any animal or 
plant below its natural bulk. adj. 
dwarfish: s. dwarfishness. 

DWEILL. V. To remain, to inhabit ; 
to live in a place, pr. par. dtoelUng; 
past, dtoeli: s. dtoelUrf dweUing. 

DW'KL'LING-HOUSE. a. The house 
in which a person lives. 


DWIN'DLE. V. To shrink ; to U)M 
bulk ; to grow little, pr. par. dwin- 
dling; past, dwindled, 

DYE. V. To tinge, to colour, to 
stain, pr. pBiT. dj/ing ; pasty dy&l. 
8. dyevy dying. 

DY'NASTY. s. Government, sove 
reignty ; a race or family of rule rs. 
pi. dynasties. 

DYSENTERY, s. A looseness of 
the bowels, pi. dysenteries. 

DYSPEPSY. ». A difficulty of diges 
tion. pi. dyspq)sies. 




EACH. pnm. Either of two; every 

one of any number. 
EA'GER. adj. Struck with desire: 

ardently wishing, adv. eagerly: s. 

EVGLE. *. A bird of prey; the 

standard of the ancient Romans ; 

a gold coin of the United States, 

of the value of ten dollars. 
EAGT-ET. 8. A young eagle. 

EAR. 8. The whole organ of hear- 
ing; that part of the ear which 
stands prominent ; a spike of corn. 

EARL. 5. A title of nobility, next 
in rank below a marquis, s. earl- 

EAR'LY. adj. Soon, with respect to 
something else. adv. early: s. ear- 

EARN. V. To gain as the reward or 
wages of labour, or any perform- 
ance; to obtain, pr. par. earning' ,* 
past, earned: s. earner^ earning. 

EARTiEIST. adj. Ardent in any af- 
fection; zealous, importunate, s. 
eame.^, earnestness: adv. earnestly. 

EARTF'. s. The element distinct 
from air, fire, or water; the world ; 
■oil ; terrene matter, v. earth ; pr. 
pa*" earthing; past, earthed: adj. 
earthen : adv. earthly. 

EARTH'QUAKE. *. TTtmorot con- 
yvAwiOB of the earth 

EAR'- WIG. s. A sheath-winged in- 
sect, imagined to creep into the 
• ear. 

EASEI. s. Quiet; rest; undisturbed 
tranquillity; facility, y. ease; p<* 
par. easing; past, eased : s. ease- 
menty easiness: adv. easily: acj. 

EA'SEL. 8. The frame on which 
painters strain their canvas. 

EAST. s. The quarter where the 
sun rises, opposite to the west, 
adv. easterly: adj. eastern^ east- 

EASTER. 5. The day on rrhuh 
the Christian church commemi r- 
ates our Saviour's resurrection. 

EAT. V. To devour with the mouth; 
to corrode, pr. par- ea/ing*,* paijt, 
eaty eaten : adj. eatable, s. eater. 

EAVES. 5. The edges of the roof 
which overhanp the house. 

EAVES'-DROPPER. s. An in8idi<>u8 
listener, s. eaves-dropping. 

EBB. s. The reflux of the tide to- 
wards the sea; decline, decav. v. 

. ebb; pr. par. ebbing; past, ebbed. 

EB'ONY. 5. A kind of black wood. 
pi. ebonies. 

EBRFETY. 8. Drunkenness. oL 

EBRlOS'lT^. s. H%\>\XM^\^tw\w. 
ness. p\. ebriosUUs. 

jfiBU— EDD 

EBULLI'TlOxN. s. The act of boil- 
ing up with heat ; any intestine 
motion, adj. ebuUieni. 

ECCEN'TIUC. adj. Deviating from 
the centre ; not terminating in the 
same point; irregular; anoma- 
lous. 8. eccentricity^ pi. eccenirici- 

KCCLESIAS'TIC. s. A person dedi- 
cated to the ministries of religion, 
adj. ecclesiastical. 

ECH'O. s. The return or repercus- 
sion of sound. V. echo; pr. par. 
echoing; past, echoed. 

ECHOM'ETER. s. (In music;)— a 
kind of scale, serving to measure 
the duration of sounds. 

planation ; the act of clearing up 
an affair. 

E'CLAT. 5. Spendour, show, lustre, 
pronounced e'klaw. 

ECLECTIC, adj. Selecting. 

ECLIPSE'. 5. An obscuration of the 
luminaries of heaven; darkness, 
obscuration, v. eclipse; pr. par. 
eclipsing; past, eclipsed. 

ECLIPTIC, s, A great circle of the 
sphere, supposed to be drawn 
through the middle of *.he zodiac, 
adj. ecliptic. 

ECLOGUE. 5. A pastoral poem. 

ECON'OMIES. 8. Things which ap- 
ply to the management of house- 
hold affairs. 

ECON'OMY. 5. The management of 
a family; frugality; regulation; 
system of matter, pi. economies: 
V. economize; pr. par. economiz- 
ing; past, econonUxed: adj. eco- 
•^omical: adv. economicaUy: 8. econ- 

EC STACY. 8. Any passion by 
which the thoughts are absorbed, 
dud in which the mind is for a 
time lost ; rapture, pi. ecsiacies : 
aaj. ecstatic. 

BDA'CITY. a. Voracity, greediness. 

r>y edacities. 
EJrJ)Y. s. The water that runs con- 
iazj to the main stream, pi. ed- 


pr. par. eddyhig^ 

dies: V. eddy; 
past, eddied. 

E'DEN. s. Paradise. 

EDGE. s. The thin or cutting pari 
of a blade; brink, extremity, keen- 
ness. V. edge; pr. par. edging; past, 
edged: s. edging: ad'], edgcless. 

With the edge put into any par- 
ticular direction 

EDIBLE, adj. Fit to be eaten. 

E'DICT. s. A proclamation, com 

mand, or proliibition ; a law pro 

EDIFICATION, s. Instruction, im 

provement. adj. edijicatury. 
EDIFICE, s. A fabric, a building 

a structure. 
ED'IFY. V. To instruct, to improve. 

pr. par. edifying ; past, edijied. 
E'DILE. s. The title of a magistrate 

in ancient Rome. 
EDIT. V. To revise or prepare a 

work for publication, pr. pc r. 

editing; past, edited. 

EDITION, s. Publication of any 
tiling, particularly of a book ; the 
number of copies of any book, 
printed with the same types. 

ED'ITOR. 5. He that revises or pre- 

f tares any literary work for pub- 
ication. adj. editorial : adv. edito- 
riaUy: s. eaitm-ship. 

EDUCATE. V. To bring up ; to in 
struct youth, pr. par. educating , 
past, educated: s. education, edu 

EDU'CE. V. To bring out, to ex- 
tract, pr. par. educing; past, 
^tu(xd: s. eduction. 

EEK. V. To supply any deficiency; 
to make larger, by the addition of 
another piece, pr. par. eeking, 
i)ast, eeked. 

EEL. s. a serpentine, slimy fish, 
that lurks in the mud. 

EF'FABLE. adj. Expressive, utter- 

EFFA'CE. V. To destroy any thing 
painted or carved; to destroy 
1 1 pt. pat. effacing i ^ast^ effaced. 


EFFF^T. 8, That which is pro- 
du« ed by an operating cause ; con- 
sequence: event, v. effect; pr. effecting; past, effected: adj. 
effectibU^ effective, effectual: s. e/*- 
JectlesSf effector: dAw.effectiUilly. 

EFFECTUATE, v. To bring to 
pass ; to fulfil, pr. par. effectuat- 
tnfr; past, effectuated. 
Fri':M'INATE. adj. Womanish, 
voluptuous, tender, s. effeminacy^ 
pL effeminacies: v. effeminate; 
pr. par. effeminating; past, effemi- 
nated: adv. effeminatdy: s. effemi 
nateness, effeminaiion. 

EFFERVESCE, v. To generate heat 
by intestine motion, pr. par. eff^er- 
vescing ; past, effervesced: s. effer- 

EFFE'TE. adj. Barren; worn out 
with age. 

EF'FICACY. 5. Power to produce 
effects ; production oi' the conse- 
quence intended, pi. efficacies. 
adj. efficacimis : adv. efficaciously. 

EFFrClEN'CV. a. The act of pro- 
ducing effects; agency. \i\. efficien- 
cies: adj. and s. efficient: adv. 

EP^FIGY. 5. Resemblance; image, 
in painting or sculpture, pi. effi- 

CENCY. 5. Production of flowers; 
excrescences in the form of flow- 
ers ; (in physic) the breaking out 
of some humours in the skin. p|. 
efflorescences, efflorescencies : adj. 

EFFLUENCE. 5. That which issues 
from some other principle, adj. 

EFFLU'VIA. s. Those small parti- 
cles which are continually flying 
off from bodies. 

act of flowing out ; effusion ; ema- 
nation : that which flows out. 

EF'FORT. s. Struggle, strain, Tehe- 
ment action, laborious *endeavour. 

EFFRON'TERY. s. Impudence, 
BhjtmeleBSttesa. pi. effronteries. 


lEFFULGE'. V. To send form lustra 
or effulgence, pr. par. eff'ulgtng^ 
past, eff'ulged: s. effulgince: adj. 

EFFUSION. 8. The act of pouring 
out ; waste ; bounteous donation, 
adj. effusive. 

EGG. s. That which is laid by feath 
ered and some other animals, fVom 
which their young is produced. 

EG'LANTLNE. s. A species of rose . 

! sweet-briar. 

, E'GOTiSM. s. Too frequent mention 
of a man^s self. s. egotist: adj. <^o 
iistical: adv. egotistically. 

EGREGIOUS, adj. Remarkable, ex 
traordinary, eminently bad. adv 
egregiously : s. egrcgiousness. 

EGRESS. 5. The power or act of 
going out of any place; departure. 

EGRES'SION. 8. The act of going 

EIGHT. a(f;. Twice four. adj.cig-A^. 
adv. eighthly. 

EIGHTEEN, adj. Twice nine. adj. 

EIGHTY, adj. Eight times ten. 
adj. eightieth. 

EITHER, pron. Whichsoever of tho 
two ; each ; both. conj. either. 

EJACULATE v. To throw, to 
shoot, to dart out. pr. par. ejacu- 
lating; past, ejaculated: s. ejacti- 
lotion: adj. ejacuUitory. 

EJECT. 17. To throw out ; to cast 
forth ; to expel, pr. par. ejecting, 
past, ejected: s. ejection. 

EJECTMENT, s. A legal writ, by 
which any inhabitant of a house, 
or tenant of an estate, is command- 
ed to depart. 

EKE. v. To increase, to supply, to 
fill up deficiencies, pr. par. eking; 
past, eked. 

EL AB'ORATE. v. To produce with 
labour ; to heighten and improve 
by successive endeavours or oper 
ations. pr. par. elaborating; past, 
elaborated . %^y elciboraU %« iVio^ 
Grateness, elaooraiuya. 


ELAPSC. 0. To pass away; to glide 
sway. pr. par. elapsing ^ past, 

ELAS TIC. adj. Having the power 
of returning to the form, from 
which it is distorted or withheld ; 
springy, s. elasticiiy, pL elastici- 

EL A'TR adj. Flushed with success ; 
haughty, v. elate; pr. par. dating ; 
past, elated: s. elation. 

EL'BOW. s. The next joint or cur- 
vature of the arm below the shouU 
der ; any flexure, or angle, v. el- 
bow i pr. par. elbowing i past, el- 

EL'DER. adj. Surpassing another in 
years, adv. elderly. 

EL'DER. s. The name of a tree. 

EL'DEST. s. The oldest; having the 
riffht of primogeniture. 

ELECT'. V. To choose for any office 
or use. pr. par. electing; psat^elect- 
ed: adj. electa elective: s. election^ 
elector: adj. electoroL 

form of medicine made of con- 
serves and powders, of the con- 
sistence of honey, pi. eUctaries^ 

ELECTIONEER', v. To be active 
previous to an election, pr. par. 
electioneering { past, electioneered. 

ELECTORATE, s. The territory of 
an elector. | 

ELF.C'TRESS. s. The wife or widow 
of an elector, pi. dectresses. \ 

Attractive without magnetism ; 
attractive by a peculiar property, 
supposed onrc to belong chiefly to 
amber. I 

ELECTRl'CITY. s. The name of an 
unknown natural power, which 
produces a great variety of pecu- 
liar and surprising phenomena, pi. 
electricities : s. electrician. 

ELECTRIF Y. v. To render electric; 

to communicate electricity, pr. 

par. electrifying,' past, electrified. 

ELF^TROM'ETER s. An instru- 

ineat for me&auring the quantity,' 

eij:— EU 

and determining the quality, of 
electricity, in any electrified body. 

form of medicine made of con- 
serves and powders, of the con- 
sistence of honey, pi. electuaries^ 

ELEEMOS'YNARY. adj. I-iving up- 
on alms; depending upon charity; 
given in charity. 

EL'EG ANT. WJ. Nice ; accurate in 
discerning; pleasing by minuter 
beauties, adv. elegantly: s. ele 

EL'EG Y. s. A mournful song; a fu 
neral song. pi. elegies: z.dy elegiac^ 
elegiaxud: s. eligiast. 

EL'EMENT. s. The first or consti- 
tuent principle of any thing ; the 
proper habitation or sphere of 
any thing ; an ingredient, adj. ele- 
mental^ elementary. 

EL'EFHANT. «. The largest of 
quadrupeds. aHj. elephantine. 

EUEVATE. V. To raise, to exalt, to 
dignify, pr. par. elevating: past, 
elevated : s. elevation^ elevator. 

ELE'VE. s. Literally, a scholar or 
disciple; one who has studied 
under a particular master; one 
brought up, or protected by an- 

ELEVEN, adj. Ten and one. adj. 

ELF. s. A wandering spirit, sup- 
posed to be seen in wild, unfre- 
quented places; a fairy, pi. elves ; 
adj. elfish. 

ELF'-LOCK. s. Hair twisted by elves, 
a common superstition. 

ELI'CIT. V. To strike out ; to fetch 
out by labour or art. pr. pnr. elicit' 
ing; past, elicited: s. elicitation. 

EL'IGIBLE. adj. Fit to be chosen; 
preferable; desirable, s. eiigtbihty^ 
pi. eli Abilities. 

ELI'SION. s. The act of cutting off; 
separation of parts. 

ELITE, adj. A military word, de- 
noting the flower or chosen oart 
of an 3LKmN. 


EUX^IR. 8. A kind of medicine 
made -by strong infusion ; the ex- 
tract or quintessence of any thing. 

ELK. s. A large and stately animal 
of the stag kind 

ELXi. s. A measure containing, in 
. England, a yard and a quarter. 

ELL&'SIS. s. A figure of rhetoric, 
by which something is lefl out; 
in geometry, an oval figure, gen- 
erated from the section of a cone. 
^)1. eilipses. 
Having the form of an ellipsis ; 
oval. ^v. ellipticaUy. 

ELM. s. The name of a tree. 

ELOCITTION. s. The power of flu- 
ent speech ; eloquence ; beauty 
of words, adj. elocutive. 

ELON'GATE. v. To lengthen; to 
draw out ; to put further off. pr. 
par. elongating; past, elongated : 
8. elongation. 

ELOPE. V. To run away; to break 
loose, pr. par. eloping ; past, 
eloped: s. elopement. 

EL'OQUENCE. s. The power of 
speaking with fluency and ele- 
gance; oratory, adj. eloquent: 
adv. eloquently. 

ELSE. prmi. Other; one besides, 
adv. dse. 

ElJSEWHE'RE. adv. In any other 
places ; in some other place. 

EI.U'CIDATE. V. To explain, to 
clear, to make plain, pr. par. elu- 
cidating; past, elucidated: s. elu- 
cidation^ elucidator : adj. elucida- 

EXiU'DE. V. To escape by stratagem ; 
to avoid by artifice, pr. par. elud- 
ing; past, eluded: adj. eludible. 

ELU'SION. *. The act of eluding ; 
artifice, adj. elusive^ elusory: s. 

ELY'SIUM. 8. The place assigned 
by the heathens to happy souls ; 
any place exquisitely pleasant, 
adj. elysian. 

EMA'CiATE. V. To waste ; to de- 
prive of flesh, pr. par. emaciating; 
past, emaciated: s. emaaaiion. 


EMACULATE. v. To make clean. 

to take out spots, pr. par. emaC' 

vlating; past, emaculated: s. emaC' 

ulation: adj. emaeulate. 
EM'ANATE. v. To issue or flow 

from. pr. par. emanating; past, 

emanated: s. emanation: adj.cma 

EMANCIPATE, v. To set free from 

servitude, pr. par. emancipating 

past, emancipated: s. emancipa 

tion^ emancipator. 
EMASCULATE, v. To vitiate by 

unmanly softness; to effeminate. 

pr. par. emasculating , past, emas 

EMBALM'. V. To impregnate a body 

with aromatics, that it may resist 

putrefaction, pr. par. embalming , 

past, embalmea: s. embalm^r. 
EMBAR'GO. 8. A prohibition to 

pass ; a stop put to trade, pi. em- 

bargoes: v. embargo; pr. par. em- 

bargoing ; past, embargoed. 
EMBARK'. V. To put on shipboard, 

to go on shipboard ; to engage an 

other in any affair, pr. par. embark- 

«"g*>* past, embarked: s. embarka- 

EMBARRASS, v. To perplex, to 

entangle, pr. par. embarrassing, 

past, embarrassed: s. embarrciss- 


s. One sent on a public message. 

adj. embassadonal, ambassadorial. 

DRESS. 5. A woman sent on a 

public message. ^X.embassadresses 

am bassadresses. 
EM'BASSY. s. A public message 

pi. embassies. 
EMBATTLE, v. To arrange in or 

der or array of battle, pr. par. em 

battling; past, embattled. 
EMBEiyDED. adj. Sunk in another 

EMBEL'LISH. v. To adorn, to bean. 

tify. pr. par. emhellishing; past, 

embellished : s. embellishment 
EM'BERS. s.V\o\<f\Tv^w%\*sJRRA\»N. 

yet ei,l\n^u\aY)L^^ 


ExMBEZ'ZLE. t>. To appropriate by 
breach of trust, pr. par. embez- 
zHngt past, embexzUd: s. embez- 
zlement^ embezzler. 

BVIBLA'ZON. V. To adorn with 
figures of heraldry; to deck in 
glaring colours, pr. par. emblazon- 
xng; past, emblazoned: s. embla- 
zoner^ emblazonry^ pi. emblazon- 

EM'BLEM. 8. Inlay; enamel; an 
allusive picture ; a typical desig- 
nation, adj. emblematic^ emblemai- 
tcal: adv. emblematically. 

EM BCD' Y. V. See Imbodit. 

EMBOSS'. V. To form with protu 
berances ; to engrave with relief 
or rising work ; to cover, pr. par. 
embossing; past, embossed: s. em- 

EMBOWEL. V. To eviscerate ; to 
deprive of the entrails, pr. par. 
emboweling; past, embowele/d: s. 

EMBOWER. V. To lodge, to build, 
to bower, pr. par. embowering; 
past, embowered. 

BMBRA'CE. V. To hold fondly in 
the arms ; to squeeze in kindness; 
to include ; to seize, pr. par. em- 
bracing; past, embraced: s. em- 
bracement^ embracer. 

EMBRASURE', s. An aperture in a 
wall, through which a cannon is 
pointed; battlement. 

EM'BROCATE. v. To rub any part 
diseased with medicinal liquors, 
pr. par. embrocating; past, embro- 
cated: 8. embrocation. 

EMBROI'DER. v. To border with 
ornaments ; to decorate with fig- 
ured work. pr. par. embroidering; 
past, embrotdered: s. embroiderer^ 
embroidery^ pi. embroideries. 

EMBROIL'. V. To disturb, to con- 
fuse, to distract, pr. par. embroil- 
ing; past, embroiled: s. embroilment. 

EMBRUE'. V. See Imbrue. 

EMBRYO. 5. The offspring yet un- 

iinished in the womb ; the state 

of any thing not £t /or production. 

p/, emdrj/oes. 


EMENEK. V. To amend, to correct 
pr. par. emending; past, emjended: 
adj. em^ndable: s. emendation^ 
emendaior: adj. emenJatory. 

EM'ERALD. s. A green, precious 

EMERGE'. V. To rise out of any 
thing in which it is covered ; to 
rise into view. pr. par. emerging 
past, emerged. 

Any sudden occasion ; unexpect 
ed casualty, pi. emergences^ emer- 

EMERSION. 8. The act of rising out 
of any fluid; the time when a btar, 
having been obscured by its ap- 
proach to the sun, appears again. 

EM'ERY. 8. An iron ore, useful in 
cleaning and polishing steel, pi 

EMETIC, adj. Having the quality 
of provoking vomits, adv. emeti- 
colly: 8. emetic. 

EMIGRATE, v. To remove from 
one place to another, pr. par. enii 
grating; past, emigrated: s. emi 
grant, emigration. 

EM'INENT. adj. High, lofty, exalt 
ed, conspicuous, adv. eminently 
s. eminence. 

E^MIR. s. A title of dignity among 
the Turks and Persians. 

EM'ISSARY. s. One sent on a pri- 
vate message ; a spy ; a secret 
agent pi. emissaries: adj. emis- 

EMIS'SION. s. The act of emitting 
adj. cmmirc 

EMIT. V. To send forth ; to let go ; 
to dart. pr. par. emitting; past, 

EM'MET. 5. An ant, a pismire. 

EIVtOL'LIENT. adj Softening, sup- 

EMOLUMENT. * Profit, advan- 
tage, adv emolumental. 

EMOTION. *. Disturbance oi' mind- 
vehemence of passion. 

EMPA'LE, IMPA'LE. v. To fence 
with a pale ; to fortify ; to put tr 
death bv apVxVmc vgl «. ^\Ak« fixed 


upright, pr. par. empaling; past, 
tvwMed: 8. empalement 

EMPAN'xNEL. v. To put on the pan- 
nel ; to summon to serve on a ju- 
ry, pr. par. empanneUng; past, 

8. A desire or petition, in court, 
of a day to consider what is best 
to do. 

EMPEROR; ». A monarch, of title 
and dignity superior to a king. 

EM'PHASIS. 5. A remarkable stress 
laid upon a word or sentence; 
particular force impressed by style 
or pronunciation, pi. emphases: v. 
emphasize; pr. par. emphasizing: 
past, emphasized. 

With emphasis ; forcible, strong, 
striking, adv. emphatically. 

EM'PIRE. *. Imperial power; su- 
preme dominion ; command over 
any th*ng; dominions of an em- 

EMPIR'IC. 5. An experimenter, a 
quack, adj. empiric^ empirical: 
adv. empirically : s. empiricism. 

EMPLOY'. V. To busy; to keep at 
work; to exercise; to use as an 
instrument, pr. par. employing; 
past, employed: s. employer^ em- 

E.MKXRIUM. 5. A place of mer- 
chandise; a mart, a commercial 


I To make poor ; to reduce to indi- 
gence, pr. par. empoverishing ; 
past, empovenshed: s. empooerisher^ 

EMPOWER. V. To authorize; to 
commission; to give power; to 
enable, pr. par. empowering; past, 

BM'PRESS. s. The wife of an em- 
peror; a female invested with im 
perial dignity, pi. empresses. 

EMPTY, adj. Void, not full, evac 
uated, unsatisfactory, v. empty; 
pr. par. emptytng"/ past, emptied: 
B. emptteTf emptiness. 


make of a purple coloui. pr. par 
empurpling; past, empurpled. 

EMPY'REAN. s. The highest heav- 
en, where the pure element of f»r« 
is supposed to subsist, adj. empy 

EM'ULATE. V. To rival ; to propos 
as one to be equalled or excelled 
to imitate, pr. ^tLX. emulating; past, 
emulated: s. emulation^ emulator- 
adj. emulative. 

EMULGE*. V. To milk out. pr. pajr. 
emulging; past, emiUged: adj. 

EM'ULOUS. adj. Rivaling; en- 
gaged in competition; desirous 
of superiority. 

EN A'BLK V. To make able ; to em 
power, pr. par. enabling; past, 

ENACT. V. To establish by law; 
to decree, pr. par. enacting; past, 
enacted: s. enactor. 

ENAM'EL. V. To inlay; to varie- 
gate with colours, properly with 
colours fixed by fire. pr. par. c/i- 
ameling; past, enameled: s. enam- 
e/, enameler. 

ENAM'OUR. V. To inflame with 
love; to make fond. pr. par. sn- 
amouring; past, enamoured. 

ENCAMP. V. To pitch tents ; to sit 
down for a time in a mjirch. pr. 
par. encamping^ past, encamped 
s. encampment. 

ENCHAIN'. V. To fasten with n 
chain ; to hold in chains ; to bind, 
pr. par. enchaining; past, enchain- 

ENCHANT. V. To subdue by charm» 
or spells ; to delight in a high de- 
gree, pr. par. enchanting; past, 
enchanted: s. enchanter ^ enchant- 
ment: adv. enchantingly. 

ENCHANTRESS, s. A sorceress 
a woman whose beauty and ex 
cellencies give irresistible influ 
ence. pi. eiu:Aan(resses. 

ENCH A'SE. 1). To \tv^^\ \.o «ixv<2ss»» 
in any body, so «a Xo \»\i^^ ^^"^ 



but not concealed; to engrave.' ENDAN'GER. v. To put into hax 

pr. par. enc/uuingf past, enchased. 

BNtJIR'CLE. V. To Burround, to en- 
viron, to enclose in a ring. pr. par. 
encircling i past, encircl&i. 

ENCLinC. s. A particle vvhich 
throws hack the accent upon the 
foregoing syllable. 

ENCLaSE, liNCLCySE. v. To part 
from things or grounds common, 
by a fence ; to environ ; to encir- 
cle, pr. par. enclosing; past, en- 
closed: s. endoser^ enclosure. 

ENCCMIAST. 5. A panegyrist; a 
proclaimer of praise, adj. encomi- 
astic^ encomiasiical. 

ENCaMlUM. s. Panegyric, praise, 

ENCOM'PASS. u. "> enclose, to 
encircle, to surround, pr. par. en- 
compassing; past, encompassed: s. 

EYCaRE. adv. In French, signi- 
fies again; once more. v. encore; 
pr. par. enconng; n&st^ encored. 

ENCOUNTER, v. To engage, to 
fight, to come together by chance, 
pr. par. encountering; past, en- 
countered: s. encounter J encoun- 

ENCOUR'AGE. v. To animate; to 
incite ; to embolden, pr. par. en- 
couraging; past, encouraged: s. 
encouragement^ encourager: adv. 


ad/. Having a 


crimson colour. 

make invasions upon the right of 

another; to pass bounds, pr. par. 

encroaching; past, encroached: s. 

encroacher^ encroachment: adv. 


f. The circle of sciences; the 

round of learning, adj. encyclope- 

dian: s. encyclopedist. 
END. s. Thee-xtremity of the length 

of any thing, materially extended ; 

2iJtiraate state; final doom, pur- 
poae, intention, v. end; pr. par. 
Ending' f paat, ended. 

ard ; to bring into peril, pr. par. 
endangering; past, endangered, 

ENDEAR'. V. To make dear ; to make 
beloved, pr. par. endearing; past. 
endeared: s. endearment, 

ENDEAVOUR, ». Labour directed 
to some certain end. v. endeavour; 
pr. par. endeavouring; past, en- 
deavoured: s. endeavourer. 

culiar to a.. country; used in re 
spect to any disease proceeding 
from some cause peculiar to tne 
country where it reigns. 

EN'DIVE. 5. A species of plant. 

ENDLESS, adj. Having no end; 
being without conclusion or termi- 
nation, adv. endlessly: s. endless- 

ENDORSE*, v. To register on the 
back of a writing; to superscribe ; 
to write on the back of u bill of 
exchange, pr. par. endorsing; past, 
endorsed: s. endorsement, endorser. 

ENDOW. V. To enrich with a por- 
tion ; to supply with any external 
goods, pr. par. cndovaing; past, 
endowed: s. endowment. 

ENDU'E. V. To supply with mental 
excellencies ; to invest with other 
powers and advantages than thof 8 
of the mind. pr. par. enduingf 
past, endued. 

ENDU'RE. V. To bear, to sustain, 
to support, to bear with patience;, 
pr. par. enduring; past, endured: 
B. endurance, endurer : adyendur 

Erectly, uprightly, on end. 

EIN'EMY. s, A public foe ; a private 
opponent, pi. enemies. 

EN'P'RGY. s. Power not exerted in 
action ; force ; vigour, pi. ener- 
gies: adj. energetic: adv. energeti- 

EN'EflGIZE. t>. To give energy; lo 
excite action, pr. par. energtzir^f 
past, energized: s. energizer. 

ENER'VATE. v. To weaken, to de- 
ptvveo? Coice. Yt.^«x. enervating. 


past, enervated: adj. entroaU. s. 
emrvaier^ enervation. 
ENFEHTBLE. v. To weaken, to en- 
ervate, pr. par. enftebUTig; past, 

EXFILA'DE. V. To pierce in a right 
line. pr. par. enfilading; past, enfi' 

ENFORCE'. V. To strengthen ; to 
put in act by violence; to urge 
with energy ; to compel, pr. par. 
enforcing i past, enforced: 8. en- 
fitrcement^ enforcer. 

ENFRANCH'ISE. v. To admit to the 
privileges of a freeman ; to set free 
from slavery; to denizen, pr. par 
enfranchising ; past, enfranchised , 
8. enfranchisement^ enfranchiser. 

ENGAGE'. V. To make liable for a 
debt to a creditor; to embark in 
an affair ; to contract, pr. par. en- 
gaging; pasi^ engaged : s.engage- 
n^nt^ engager: adv. engagingly. 

ENGEN'DER. v. To produce, to 
form, to cause, pr. par. engender- 
ing; past, engendered: s. engen- 

EN'GINE. 5. Any mechanical com- 
plication, in which various move- 
ments and parts concur to one ef- 

ENGINEER. 5. An officer in an ar- 
my or fortified place, whose bu- 
siness is to contrive and inspect 
attacks, defences, and works; one 
who constructs canals, docks, and 
harbours ; one who takes care of 
an engine. 

ENG'LISH. adj. Relating to Engljftid. 

ENGRAFT*, v. To fix deeply; to 
attach, pr. par. engrafting; past, 

ENGRA'VE. V. To picture by inci- 
sions in any matter, pr. par. en- 
graving; past, engraved: s. en- 
graver^ engravery^ engraving. \ 

ENGRO.SS'. V. To thicken; to seize 
the whole of any thing; to pur- 
chase any commoditv, for the sake 
of selling it nt a high price ; to 


I grossing; ^Kst^ engrossed : a. en- 
grosser^ engrosstneni. 

ENHANCE'. 17. To advance; to 
raise in esteem, pr. par. enhanc- 
ing; past, enhanced: s. enhance 
vieni^ enhancer, 

ENIG'M A. s. A riddle ; an obscure 
question; a position expressed in 
remote and ambiguous terms, adj. 
enigmatic^ enigmatical: adv. enig* 
matically: s. enigmaiist. 

ENJOIN', v. To direct, to order, to 
prescribe, pr. par. enjoining; pa«t, 
enjoined: s. enjoincr^ enjoinmeni. 

ENJOY', v. To feel or perceive with 

pleasure ; to be pleased with ; to 

obtain possession of. pr. par. tn- 

Joying; past, enjoyed: s. enjoy fr^ 

enjoyment : adj. enjoyable. 

ENKIN'DLE. v. To set on fire ; to 
intlame. nr. par. enkindling; past, 

ENLARGE', v. To make greater in 
quantity or appearance; to in- 
crease in magnitude; to extend 
pr. par. enlarging; past, enlarged 
8. enlargement^ enlarger. 

ENLIGHTEN, v. To illuminate; to 
supply with light, pr. par. enlighU 
ening; past, enUghieiud: s. en 

ENLIST, INLISr. v. To enrol or 
register; to become a soldier, pr. 
par. enlisting; past, enlisted: s. 

ENLl'VEN. v. To make quick, to 
animate, pr. par. enlivening; past, 
enlivened: s. enlivener^ enlivening. 

EN'MITY. 5. Unfriendly disposition : 
malevolence; aversion, pi. enmi 

ENNOBLE. V. To raise from com 
monaltyto nobility; to dignify ; to 
exalt, pr. par. ennobling; past, en» 
riobled: a. ennoblement. 

EN'NUI. 5. Weariness, fastidious- 
ness, distrust. 

ENOR'MITY. 5. Deviation from 
rule; irregularity; de^T;v.N\Vj\ ^Vt^ 
cions crime. \A. ew>rmiV\e«^ : %.^ 

oopjr ia a large band. pr. par. en-\\ enormmis: Cidv. enormous^. 


ENOUGH', a. Something sufficient 
in greatness or excellence, adv. 

ENQUl'RE. V. To ask about; to 
seek out. pr. par. enquiring ^ past, 
enquired : s. enquiry^ pi. enquiries^ 

ENRAGE'. V. To irritate ; to make 
furious, pr. par. enraging; past, 

ENRAF'TURE. v. To transport 
with pleasure; to delight highly, 
pr. par. enrapturing ; past, enrap- 

ENRICH'. V. To make wealthy; to 
fertilize, pr. par. enriching; past, 
enriched: s. enrichment 

ENROBE. V. To dress, to clothe, 
pr. par. enrobing; past, enrobed. 

ENROL'. V. To insert in a roll, or 
register; to record, pr. par. en- 
rolling; past, enrollea: s. enrol- 
lery enrolment. 

ENSANG'UINE. v. To smear with 
gore; to sutfuse with blood, pr. 
par. ensanguining; past, ensan- 

ENSCONCE'. V. To cover, as with 
a fort ; to secure, pr. par. escom:- 
i^Si P^st, ensconced, 

EN.SHRI'NE. V. To enclose in a 
chest or cabinet ; to preserve as 
a thing sacred, pr. par. enshrining; 
past, enshrined. 

EN'SIGN. s. The flag or standard 
of a regiment; badge, or mark of 
distinction; the officer who car- 
ries the flag. 8. ensigncyy pi. en- 

ENSLA'VE. V. To reduce to servi- 
tude; to deprive of liberty, pr. 
par. enslaving; past, enslaved: s. 
enslavement, enslaver. 

ENSNA'RE. V. See Insnare. 

ENSU'E. V. To follow, pr. par. en- 
suing; past, ensued. 

ENTAB'LATURE. s. The archi- 
trave, frieze, and cornice, of a pil- 
ENTAtV. s. The estate entailed or 

nettJedt with regard to the rule of Ji pi. pat. enlUUng; ^^9,1^ entitled. 


Its descent, v. entail; pr. par enr 
tailing; past, entailed. 

ENTAN'GLE. v. To in wrap or iu 
snare with something not easily 
extricable; to embarrass, pr. par 
entangling; past, entangled: » 
entanglement, entangler. 

ENTER. V. To go or come into 
any place; to initiate in a busi- 
ness, method, or society, pr. par. 
entering; past, entered: s. enter 

ENTERLA'CE. v. To intermix, to 
interweave, pr. par. enierlacing; 
past, enterlaced. 

ENTEROL'OGY. s. The anatomi- 
cal account of the bowels and 
other internal parts, pi. enterolo' 

EN'TERPRIZE. s. An undertaking 
of hazard ; an arduous attempt, v. 
enterprize; pr. par. enterprizing, 
past, enterprized : s. enterpriser. 

ENTERTAIN', v. To converse with ; 
to talk with ; to receive hospita- 
bly ; to amuse ; to reserve in the 
mind. pr. par. entertaining; past, 
entertained: s. entertainment, en- 
tertainer: adv. entertainingly. 

ENTHRAL', v. See Inthral. 

ENTHRONE, v. To place on a re- 
gal seat; to invest with sovereign 
authority, pr. par. enthroning; 
past, enthroned. 

ENTHUSIASM, s. A vain belief 
of private revelation ; a vain con- 
fidence of divine favour ; heat of 
imagination ; elevation of fancy. 
B. enthusiast : adj. enthusiastic, eiv- 
thusiastical: adv. enthusiastically. 

ENTI'CE. v. To allure, to draw by 
blandishments or hopes, pr. par. 
enticing; past, enticed: s'. entice' 
m£nt, enticer: adv. enticingly. 

ENTI'RE. adj. Whole, undivided, 
complete in all its parts, adv. en* 
tirely: s. entireness, 

ENTl'TLE. V. To grace or dignify 
with a title or honourable appel- 
lation; to distinguish by a name. 


ENTITY', s. Something which really 
is ; a real being, pi. entities. 

ENTOMB'. V. To put into a tomb; 
to bury. pr. par. entombmg ; past, 
entombed: s. erUombment. 

ENTOMOL'OGY. s. That part of 
natural history which treats of 
insects. pL entomologies : 8. ento* 

ENTRAILS. 5. The intestines, the 

ENTRANCE, s. The power of en- 
tering 'into a place; the act of 
entering ; avenue. 

ENTR A'NCE. v. To put into a trance; 
to put in an ecstacy. pr. par. en- 
trancing; past, entranced. 

EINTRAP. V. To ensnare; to catch 
in a trap; to entangle, pr. par. 
entrapping; past, entrapped, 

ENTREAT, v. To petition, to so- 
licit, to importune, pr. par. entreat- 
ing; past, entreated: adj. entr eat- 
able : s. enireater^ entreaty^ pi. en- 

ENTREPOT. 8. A magazine, a 
wjirehouse. pronounced on'-tre-po. 

ENTRY. *. The passage by which 
any one enters a house; ingress; 
the act of registering or setting 
down in writing; the act of en- 
tering, pi. entries. 

ENTWI'NE. V. See Intwine. 

ENTWIST. V. To wreath around, 
or tog»!ther. pr. par. entwisting; 
p-ist, enf foisted. 

ENIT'MERATE. v. To reckon sin- 
glv. pr. pir. enumerating; past, 
enumerated: s. enumeration; adj. 

ENUNCIATION, s. Declaration; 
public attestation ; intelligence, 
adi. enunciative: adv. enunciaiivC' 


ENVET/OP. V. To in wrap, to cover, 
to hide, to surround, pr. par. en- 
veloping; past, enveloped: s. en- 
velope^ envelopment. 

ENVKN'OM. V. To taint with poi- 
son ; to poison ; to enrage, pr. 
jmr. envenominsc; patAf envenomed. 

'RTHVi'ROJV. V. To Burroundf to cn- 


compass, to besiege, pr. par. en- 
vironing; past, environed. 

EN'VIRONS. s. The neighbourhood 
or neighbouring places in the 

EN'.VOY. s. A public minister sent 
from one power to another; a 

EN'VY. V. To hate another for ex- 
cellence, happiness, or success; to 
grudge, pr. par. envying past, 
envied: s. cnry, pi. envies^ envirr: 
adj. enviable. 

ENWRAP. V. See Inwrap. 

BXyLIAN. adj. Denoting one of the 
five dialects of the Greek tongue; 
also, a particular kind of verse; 
and in music, one of the mo^osof 
the ancients. 

ETACT. s. A number, whereby we 
note the excess of the common 
solar year above the lunar; ani 
thereby may find out the age of 
the moon, everv year. 

EPAULE'MENT.'s. In fortification, 
a side-work, made either of earth 
thrown up, of bags of earth, ga- 
bions, or of fascines and earth. 

EPAULET. 5. An ornament for the 

EPHEM'ERON. s. An insect that is 
said to live only one day. pi. 
ephemera: adj. ephemeral. 

EPHEMER'IDES. s. Astronomical 
tables, showing the present state 
of the heavens, for every day at 

EPHEM'ERIS. 8. A journal ; an ac- 
count of daily transactions ; an ac- 
count of the daily motions and sit 
nations of the planets, pi. ephem' 

EPHE'SIAN. s. One of those in Eph- 
esus, to whom St. Paul addressed 
an epistle. 

E'PHOD. s. A sort of ornament, 
worn by the Hebrew priests. 

EPIC. s. Narrative; comprising nar- 
rations ; not acted, but rehearsed. 

EPICURE. 5. A follower of Enio- 
urua ; a mati ^\N«tv n<\v<:5^"^ Na vkv 
ury. adj. tpicureaa: %. ep^^cwtHasw^ 


Relating to a disease which falls 
at once upon great numbers of 
peopVe^ as a plague; generally 
prevailing; afiecting great num- 
bers. 8. epidemic 

EPIGE'UM. s. That part of the or- 
bit, in which any planet comes 
nearest to the earth. 

EPIGLOTTIS, s. The thin move- 
able cartilage, in form of a little 
tongue, which cc ^ers the aperture 
of the windpipe. 

KP'IGRAM. s. A hort poem, ter- 
minating in a poi it. adj. epigrtim- 
matic^vpigrammatical: %.epigram- 

EPIGRAPH. ». A title, an inscrip- 

EPILEPSY. ». A convulsion, or 
convulsive nM)tion of the whole 
body, or of some of its parts, with 
a loss of sense, pi. epilepsies: adj. 
epUeptfc^ milepticoL. 

ifiPILOGUE. a. The poem or speech 
at the end of a play. odj. q>ilogistic. 

EPIJ'H'ANY. s. A church festival, 
celebrated on the twelfth day afler 

EPIS'COPACY. a. The government 
of binhops. pi. episcopacies. 

ICPlS'COPAL. adj. Belonging to a 
bishop; vested in a bishop, s. nnd 
adi. ejmcopalian: adv. eptscopally. 

EPI.SODE. s. An incidental narra- 
tive, or digression in a poem, tep- 
arable from the main subject, yet 
rising natural ly from it. adj. ept- 
soth'c^ episodiciu. 

KPIS'TLE. s. A letter, adj. episto- 

E'.^ITAPH. 8. An insciiption on a 

KPITUALA'MIUM. s. A nuptial 
sonpr; a compliment upon mar- 

EPITHET, s. An sHjective de- 
n'«tins' any qunlilv, good or bad. 

EPIT'OME. s. Abridgment; com- 
pendious obLt.ract. v. epitomise: 
pr. par. epitomising ; past, epilo- 

rm'fed.' b. epttomiser, epitomist. 


EPOCH, EPOCHA. a. The time at 
which a new computation is be- 
gun ; the time from which date* 
are numbered. 

EPULARY. arfj. Belonging to feast* 
or banquets. 

E'QUABLE. adj. Equal to itself 
even; uniform, adv. eqvably : s. 
equability^ pi. eqvabiliiies. 

E'QuAL. a^;. Like another in bulk 
or any quality that admits com- 
parison; adequate to any purpose, 
even ; uniform, s. eqvxil: v. eqvnl; 
pr. par. equaling; post, equaled: 
s. equality^ pi. equalities: adv. 

E'QUALISE. V. To make even m 
be equal to. pr. par. equalising; 
past, equalised: s. equalisation. 

EQUANIM'ITY. a. Evenness of 
mind; neither elated nor depress- 
ed, pi. equanimities. 

EQUATION, a. The investigation 
of a mean proportion, collrcted 
from the extremities of excess and 
defect, to be applied to tlie whole. 

EQUATOR, a. A great circle, the 
poles of which are the "poles of 
the world: it divides the globe 
into two equal parts, the northern 
and southern hemispheres, adj. 

EQUER'Y, EQUERTIY. a. A grand 
lodge or stable for horses ; an of- 
ficer who has the care of horses, 
pi. equerieSy equerries. 

EQUES'TRl AN. adj. Being on horse- 
back; skilled in horsemanship; 
.belonging to the second rank in 
Rome. s. equestrian. 

EQUrDf.STANCE. a. Equal distance 
or remoteness, adj. equidistant: 
adv. equidistantly. 

EQUILATERAL, adj. Having all 
sides equal. 

EQUILI'BRATE. v. To balance 
equally, or. par. equilibrating; 
ipnsX^ equilibrated: n. equilibration^ 
equilibrity^ pi. equilibrities. 

EQUILIB'RIUM. a. Equipoise 


' enlttn ialo the lirit puint DfArioi 

adL}' undnr the equlnociuT, he 
miikei our i^yt and uiBhta equal. 

the I «W: 

^cy.(^i«n«_«. ^^ 


id, t. tmapnuiit. 
VttVtPAUH I. Furnhure fat 
hnreemsii; oartiiae oritaloi »f 
hide; altondaUOBi relinue, ul_ 

FQUiraiisG. I. EquBlilynf weight; 


deratitj ady- ttpiipontUruHtty, 
FQUITY. ». Jiintice, right, hoticj- 
tr, imaaTlialily^ pi, eniitia. adj. 
^quittdjlt: adf- eqidtabli/i a, Efv^ 

EQUIVALENCE >. Equolily oF 

CrpT nr wonll- ad> and a- f^'no- 
; ailv, (9«irofcn(/v- 
SqUIVOCAL. adj. Ot dmibtlbl 
■igaificslinn ; meaning dlfTeren 
thing*: iincertiin: doubtful, adi 
tgtdBocaUy: i. tquivooaineaa. 
BQUlVOCArE. iL To uiie wordi. 


tfi'iur. pait,rqwiHicafnl; i 

Eqiiivotniion; d™bl« meaning 

ESA. I. Th« whale time Itnce en 
pirlicultinlalH Mtpoclii qnchi 

atA'DUTE. _. ,.- , „„ 

rav. rir, puf' nWmlm^ ,- paBt,A 
Jiairi ■ I. frnrfifl/um, 
XltAiylCATE. r. T.i pull up 


'o df 11. 

:ebe iiilD.Berore,M)DfierthiiD, nrei) 

ERliXrr. B, To place perpend iculai^ 
ly to the homon; la raua; Ul 
build, pt. pnr, imlMg; put, 
trlcUd -■ ■• ertctiim, eretlneu, ered- 

ERELONG-, aihi. Berurc 

ERENOW. adB. Before this tii 
ER'MINE^ i. An animal which 

njtheiniriil liable Tut. adj. trm 
ERR. t). To wander; lo mim 

pr, par. fmng-,' pail, frred.- 



B'RA\T. adj. Wan 



dry. pi, ei 

book, «ing, cr 
ERRATIC, adj. WanderinB, U 
■rlain, keeping no CKiinin mlef 

ERUOR. L Mislahei infotunlarj 

adj, ■ 


ERSE, EARSE. J. The langunM <i 
I the Hichlandi of Scotland. 
ERST, aiv. AtRnt; in the bagia 

nieg: once; I'omierlv. 

CV. ». The act of oruwlna ™1; 

rednest. pi.trvhutctnaiS,iruliit 

cenrti; ndj. n-ufcucmf. 
ERUCT'. V. To bteak wind fVoB 
I the stomaeli. ^i, ^t. Tn«Ulo% 
, pMl, mictoL 


ERUCTATE, v. To vomit forth. 

pr. par. eruciaiing ; past, true- 

tatea : s. eructation. 
ERUDITE, adj. Learned, s. enuU- 

ERUPTION. 8. The act of bursting 

forth i burst, adj. eruptive. 
ERYSIPELAS, a. A disease which 

affects the siiin with a shining 

pale red, or citron colour. 
ESCALA'DE. s. The act of scaling 

the walls of a fortification. 
ESCAL'OP. a. A shellfish, the shell 

of which is regularly indented; 

indenture, pronounced skot-hip. 
ESCA'PE. V. To obtain exemption 

from ; to obtain security from ; to 

fly; to avoid, pr. par. escaping; 

past, escaped: s. escape^ escaper. 
ESCHALOT', s. A species of plant. 

pronounced shal-lot. 
ESCHEAT, s. Any lands, or other 

profits, that fall to a lord within 

his manor by forfeiture, or by his 

tenant dying without an heir. v. 

escheat; pr. par. escheating; past, 

escheated: adj. escheaiabU: s. es- 

ESCHEVV'. V. To fly, to avoid, to 

shun. pr. par. eschewing; past, es- 

ES'CORT. s. Convoy; guard from 

place to place, v. escort'; pr. par. 

escorting; past, escorted. 
ESCRITOl'RE. s. A box with all the 

implements necp«?Mry for writing. 
ESCUAGE' % :»3fvice of the shield; 

a species of tenure, by which lands 

were anciently held. 
ESCULA'PIAN. adj. Medical. 
ESCULEiNT. adj. Proper for food; 

ESCUTCH'EDN. s. The shield of 

a familv : the ensigns armorial. 
ESPAL'IER. s. A tree planted and 

cut so as to join others, v. es- 
palier; pr. par. espaliering; past, 

ESPE'CIAL. adj. Principal, chief 

adv. especially. 
ESPI'ONXGK. s. The act of pro- 
€'unng and givirg inteJJigcncc. 


ESPLANA'DE. s. The empty space 
between the glacis of a citadel 
and the first houses of the town * 
a grass-plot. 

ESFOU'SE. V. To contract or betroth 
to another; to marry; to wed, to 
embrace, pr. par. espousing; past, 
espoused: s. espousal^ espouser. 

ESPY'. V. To see things at a dis- 
tance; to discover a thing intend* 
ed to be hidden ; to see unexpect- 
edly, pr. par. espying ; past, espied. 

ESQUIRE', s. The armour-bearer or 
attendant on a knight; a title of 
dignity, next in degree below a 
knight, v. esquire; pr. par. esquir- 
»^ f past, esquired. 

ESSAY'. V. To attempt, to try, to 
endeavour, pr. par. essaying; past, 
essayed: s. essay er. 

ES'SAY. s. Attempt; endeavour; an 
irregular indigested piece; & trill. 
8. essayist. 

ES'SENCE. s. The nature of any 1*5 
ing; formal existence; the chinf 
properties or virtues of any simp la 
or composition, collected, into a 
narrow compass ; perfume ; odou • ; 

ESSENTIAL, adj. Partaking of tlie 
essence ; necessary to the consti 
tution or existence of any thing , 
important in the highest degree , 
principal, s. essential^ essentiality^ 
pi. essentialities: adv. essentially. 

ESTAB'LISH. v. To settle firmly ; 
to fix unalterably; to ratify, to 
found, pr. par. establishing ; past, 
established: s. establisher^establisf^ 

ESTA'TE. s. Condition of life; cir^ 
cumstances in general; rank, prop, 
erty. adj. estatcd. 

ESTEEM'. V. To set a value, wheth- 
er high or low, uoon any thing 
to rate high, to think, pr. par. es 
teeming; oast, esteemed: s. esteetr 

ESTIMABLE, adj. Valuable; worth 
a Wee T>T\c<i\ -yjotXVvN 'v^f esteem 


ESTIMATE. V. To rate ; to adjust 
the value of; to judge of any thing 
by. ita proportion to something 
else, pt par. estimating; past, es- 
timated: 8. estimate^ estimation^ es 
timator: adj. estimative. 

ESTRANGE', v. To keep at a dis- 
tance; to withdraw; to alienate, 
pr. par. esirar^ing; past, estrang- 
ed: 8. estrangement. 

EiiTUARY. s. An arm of the sea; 
the mouth of a lake or river, in 
whicii the tide reciprocates; a 
frith, pi. estuaries. 

ETCH. V. To engrave in a particu- 
lar manner, by means of nitric 
acid; to sketch, pr. par. etching; 
past, etched: s. etcher^ etching. 

ETER'NAL. ailj. Without beginning 
or end ; endless ; perpetual, adv. 
eternally: s. etemalisi^ eternity. 

ETER'NALIZE. v. To make eter- 
nal, pr. par. eternalizing; past,«^- 

ETHER, s. An element more fine 
and subtile than air; the matter 
of the highest regions above; a 
volatile distilled spirit, adj. ethe- 

ETKIC, ETHICAL, adj. Moral, 
delivering precepts of morality. 

ETrH'ICS. s. The doctrine of moral- 
ity ; a system of morality. 

ETH'NIC, ETH'NICAL. adj. Hea- 
then, pagan s. ethnidsm. 

ETIQUETTE, s. Ceremony. 

ETYMOL'OGY. a.. The descent or 
derivatirn of a word from its ori- 
ginal ; the deduction of formations 
from the radical word. pi. etymol- 
ogies: ^(ly etymological : adv. ety- 
mologically: s. etymologist. 

ETYMON. 8. Origin; primitive 

EU'CHARIST. s. The act of giving 
thanks ; the sacrament of the 
Lord*s supper, adj. eucharisticj 

BUDIOM'ETER. *. An instrument 
to determine the salubrity of the 


EU'LOGIZE. V. To commend, to 
praise, pr. par. eulogizing t past, 

EU'LOGY, EULaOIUM. a. Praise 
encomium, panegyric. ^X.eulogies^ 

EU'NUCH. s. One that is castrated. 
EUTHONY. s. An agreeable sound: 

the contrary to harshness, pi. eu* 

phonies: adj. euphonical 

EUROPE'AN. adj. Belonging to 

EVACUATE. V. To make empty, 
to quit; to void. pr. par. evacu 
ating; past, evacuated: s. eoa^,,^M^ 
tion^ evacuaior: adj. evacuative. 

EVA'DE. V. To elude ; to escape by 
artifice or stratagem, pr. par 
evading; past, evcuUd: s. evader. 

EVANESCENCE, s. Disappearance; 
end of appearance, adj. evanes- 

EVAN'GELIST. s. A writer of the 
history of our Lord Jesus, s. evan- 
gelism: adj. evangelic^ evangelical: 
adv. evangelically. 

EVANGELIZE, v. To instruct in 
the gospel, or law of Jesus, pr. 
par. evangelizing; past, evange- 

EVAPORATE, v. To fly away in 
vapours or fumes: to waste insen 
sibly, as a volatile spirit, pr. par. 
evaporating; past, evaporated: adj. 
evaporable: s. evaporation. 

EVA'SION. s. Act of evading; ex- 
cuse; subterfuge; sophistry, adj 
evasive: adv. evasively. 

EVE, E'VEN. s. The close of th 
day; the vigil or fast to be observ 
ed before a holiday. 

E'VEN. adj. Level ; not rugged ; not 
unequal; uniform; capable of being 
divided into two equal parts, v 
even; pr. par. evening; past, even- 
ed: adv. evenly: s. evenness. 

E'VEN. adv. A word of strong as 
sertion ; verily ; notwithstanding . 

E'VEN.HANI>¥.I>. ttAJ. \TO^^ctC\^> 



EVENING.*. The close of the day; IjEVlL-EY'ED. adj. Having a malig 

thebegrnning of night. 

E/ENT. s. An incident; any thing 
that happenci« good or bad ; the 
consequence of an action, adj. 

E'VExNTIDE. s. The time of even- 

EVIilNTUAL. adj. Happening in 
consequence of any thing ; conse- 
quential. adv. eventuaHy. 

EVEN'TUATE. v. To happen ; to 
result, pr. par. eventuating f past, 

EVER. adv. At any time; at all 
times; always; without end; eter- 

EVERGREEN. adj. Verdant 
throughout the year. s. evergreen. 

EVERLASTING, adj. Enduring 
without end; perpetual; immor- 
tal, hdv. eucrlastingly: B.everUist- 

EVERMO'RE. adv. Always, eter- 

EVER'SION. s. Act of everting; 

Ev^FRT'. V. To destroy, to over- 
throw, pr. par. everting; past, 

EVERY, adj. Each one of all. 

EVERY-DAY. adj. Common; oc- 
curring on any day. 

EVES'DROP. v. To skulk about a 
house, in the night, to listen, pr. 
par. evesdroppingf past, evesdrop- 
vedr 8. evesdropper. 

EVICT. V. To dispossess by a ju- 
dicial course ; to take away by sen- 
tence of law ; to prove, pr. par. 
evicting; past evicted: s. eviction. 

EVIDENCE, s. The state of being 
evident ; clearness ; indubitable 
certainty ; testimony; witness, v. 
evidence; pr. ]iHT. evidencing ; past, 
evidenced: adj. evident: adv. evi- 

Bl'VIL. adj. Having bad qualities; 
not good ; wicked ; corrupt s. 
er>il : adv. e^iilly. 
EVIL-DCER. s. A malefactoi one 

that commits crimes* 

naiit look. 

E'VIL-FAVOURED. adj. Ill coun- 
tenanced ; not having a good as 

E'VILMINDED. adj. Malicious, mis 
chievous, malignant. 

EVINCE', v. To prove, to show, to 
manifest, pr. par. evincing; past, 

EVIS'CERATE. v. To embowel, to 

draw, to deprive of the entrails. 

pr. par. eviscerating; past, eviice- 

EVITABLE. adj. Avoidable; that 

may be escaped or shunned, s. 

EVOCATE. V. To call forth, pr. 

par. evocating; past, evocated: s. 

EVCyRE. V. To call forth, pr. par. 

evoking; past, evoked. 
EVOLA'TION. s. The act of flying 

EVOL'VE. V. To unfold, to disen- 
tangle, pr. par. evUving; past, 

EVUL'SION. s. The act of plucking 


EWE. s. The female sheep. 
EWER. s. A vessel in which water 

is brought, for washing the hands. 
EXACT, adj. Nice; not deviating 

from rule ; methodical ; careful. 

adv. exactly: s. exactitude^ exact' 


EXACT. V. To, require authorita 
tively; to enjoin; to extort, pr 
par. exacting; past, exacted: a. 
exaction^ exacter^ exactor. 

EXAG'GERATE. v. To heap upon; 
to accumulate; to hoighten by 
representation, pr. par. exagge- 
rating; past, exaggerated: s. ex- 
aggeration^ exoggerator : adj. ex 

EXALT, v. To raise on high; to 
elevate to power, wealth, oi dig- 
nity, pr. par. exalting ; past, ex- 
alted: s. exaltation^ exaltedness^ 


EXAIVTINE. V. To try a person ac-H 
ciiso^ 1 or suspected, by interroga- 1 
turif 3 ; to question, to scrutinize ; 
to try by experiment, or observa- 
tion ; to searcn into. pr. par. ex- 
aminingi oast, examined: s. ex- 
anUnani, examination^ examiner: 
adj. examinable. 

EIXAMTLE. s. Copy or pattern; 
that which is proposed to be imi- 
tated; precedent; instance; mat- 
ter of illustration. 

EXAN'IMATE. v. To deprive of 
life; to dishearten; to weaken. 
pr. par. exanimating ; past, exan- 
tmaied : s. exanimation. 

EX' ARCH. s. A viceroy, s. exarchate, 

fcJCAS'PERATE. v. To provoke, to 
enrage, pr. par. exasperating; past, 
exasperated: s. exasperator^ exas- 

EXCAVATE. V. To hollow; to 
cut out. pr. par. excavating ; past, 
excavated : s. excavation^ excavator. 

EXCEEiy. v. To go beyond; to 
outgo; to excel, pr. par. exceed- 
ing; past, exceeded: s. exceeding- 
ness^ exceeder: adv. exceedingly. 

EXCEL'. V. To surpass, to e.xcced. 
pr. par. excelling; past, excelled. 

s. The state of abounding in any 
good quality; dignity; purity; 
goodness; a title of honour, pi. 
excellences^ excellencies: adj. excel- 
lent: ndv. excellently. 

EXCEPT. V. To leave out; to ob- 
ject ; to exclude. 

EXCEPT', prtp. Exclusively of; un- 

EXCEP'TION. 5. Act of excepting; 
thing excepted; objection, adj. 

EXCER'PT. s. Something gleaned ; 
something selected, s. excerption, 

EXCESS', s. More than enough ; su- 
perfluity; intemperance, pi. ex- 
cesses: adj. excessive: adv. exces- 
sively: s. excessiveness. 

EXCHANG'E. v. To give or quit 
one thing for the sake of gaining 


another; to give and take recip 
rocaliy. pr. par. exchanging; pasv, 
exchanged: s. exchange^ exchang- 
er: adj. exchangeable.. 

EXCHEQ'UER. s. The court into 
which -are brought all the reven- 
ues belonging to the crown ol 
England ; and in which all cause* 
touching the revenues of tn 
crown are tried. 

EXCIND'. V. To cut off. pr. par 
excinding; past, excinded: s. ex 

EXCi'SE. s. A species of tax. v.ex' 
cise; pr. par. excising; past, ex- 
cised: e6}. excisaltle : s. exciseman^ 
pi. excisemen. 

EXCIS'lON. s. Act of cutting off; 
destruction; ruin. 

EXCl'TE. V. To rouse, to animate, 
to stir up, to encourage, pr. pnr. 
exciting ; past, excited : s. excite- 
ment, exciter: adj. excitable: a, 
excitability, pi. exeitabilities. 

EXCLAIM'. V. To cry out with ve 
hemence; to make an outcry, pr. 
par. exclaiming ; past, exclaimed 
s. exclamation, exd aimer : adj.' ex 

EXCLU'DE. V. To shut out; to hin 
der from entrance or admission ; 
to debar ; to prohibit, pr. par. M 
eluding; past, excluded. 

EXCLU'SION. s. Act of excluding 
adj. exclusive: adv. exclusively: s 

from the communion of the 
church, bv an ecclesiastical cen 
sure. pr. par. exiommunicating 
past, excommunicated: adj. excom 
municable: a. excommunicate, ex 

EXCaRIATE, v. To flay; to strip 
off the skin. pr. par. excoriating 
past, excoriated: s. excoriation. 

EXCORTICA'TION. s. Act of strip- 
ping off the bark. 

EXCREMENT. *. That which ifl 
discharged from the natural pas 
sa^es of l\\e Vio^"^. ^'^y **^*'*^''*' 
(aL excrementitlous. 

fcJtC— EXE 

CY. s. Something growing out of 
another, without use, and contra- 
ry to the common order of pro- 
duction, pi. excrescences^ excresctn- 
cies: adj. excrescent 

EXCRfr-flON. s. Separation of ani- 
mal suhstance; ejecting something 
out of the l)odv. adj. excretive. 

KXCRU'CIATE." v. To torture, to 
torment, pr. par. excruciating; 
past, excrvcinied: s. excruciation. 

EXCULTATE. v. To clear from 
the imput^ Jon ol a fault, pr. par. 
exrulpating; \ia8l^ exculpated: s. 
exculpation: adj. exculpatory. 

EXCUK'SION. a. The act of deviat- 
ing from the stated or settled 
path; a ramble; a digression, adj. 
excursive: adv. excursively: s. ex- 

EXCU'SE. V. To e.xtenuate by apolo- 
gy; to remit; to disengage from an 
obligation, pr. par. excusing; past, 
excused: ndj. excusable^ excusato- 
ry^ excuseless: s. excuse^ excuser. 

EX'EC^RABLE. adj. Hateful, detest- 
able, accursed, adv. execrably. 

EXECRATE, v. To curse, to im- 
precate ill upon. pr. par. execrat- 
ing ; past, execratea : s. execration : 
adj. execratory. 

EXECUTE. V. To put in act ; to 
perform ; to practise ; to put to 
death, pr. par. executing,' past, 
executed : s. execution^ executor. 

EXECUTIONER, a. He that puts 
in act, or executes ; he that in- 
flicts capital punishment, llie 
last is the only sense in which this 
word is now properly used. 

EXEC'UTI VE. adj. Having the qual- 
ity of executing or performing; 
active, s. executiv-i: adj. executory. 

EXECUTOR, s. He that is intrusted 
to perform the will of a testator. 
8. executorship. 

EXECUTRIX, s. A woman intrust- 
ed to perform the will of a testa- 
lor. p). extcutrixis. 
JSXEM FLAR. s. A pntieTn\ an ex- 

Ample to be imitated. 


EXE^TPLARY. adj. Such as may 
deserve to be proposed to imita- 
tion ; such as may give warning 
to others, adv. exemplarily. 

EXEMPLIFY, v. To illustrate by 
example ; to transcribe ; to copy, 
pr. par. exemplifying ; past, cattn- 
plijied : s. exempl\fitr^ extmplijica^ 

EXEMPT. V. To privilege, to grant 
immunity from, pr.par. exempting, 
past, exempted: adj. exempt^ exempt 
thle: a. exemption. 

EX'EQUIES. s. Funeral rites; the 
ceremony .of burial; the proces- 
sion of burial, (without a singular.) 

EX'ERCISE. a. Labour of the body; 
labour, considered as conducive to 
health; use; practice; employ 
ment. v. exercise; pr. par. exer 
cising; past, exercised: s. exerciser 

EXERCiT A'TION. a. Exercise, prac- 
tice use* 

EXER CUE. a. That part of a medal 
which belongs not to the general 
device or subject of it, but which 
contains, in a corner of it, or un 
der a line or figure, the name ot 
the author, or some collateral cir 

EXERT'. V. To use with an effort ; 
to perform ; to enforce, to push 
to an effort, pr. par. exerting; past, 
exerted: s. exertion. 

EXFO'LIATE. v. To shell off, oi 
separate; as a corrupt bone from 
the sound part. pr. par. exfoliating, 
past, exfoliated: s. exfoliation: adj. 

EXHA'LE. V. To send or draw out 
in vapours; to draw out. pr. par. 
exhaling; past, exhaled: s. exha 
lationy exhaUment : adj. exhulable 

EXHAUST. V. To drain; to dimin 
ish; to draw till nothing is led. 
pr. par. exhtiusting ; past, exhaust- 
ed: 8. exhauster^ exhaustion: adj. 
exhaustible^ exhaustless. 

EXHIB'IT. V. To offer to view or 
use ; to offer or propose in a for- 
mal manner ; to display, pr. par, 
exhibittT^; ip«aV, 4X>vvHUA: %. ta>. 

hibii, tJhitita', ahiliilim, cxhi- 
titioner; mdj- exhibilive^ txhibi- 
lortr.- Jiir. MAiWfiM/y. 
EXHlL'ARATE. c. To make cheei- 
M; to cheer 1 to mi iviih mirth; 
to enliTen. pr. par. tihilamlinsi 

kEhOBT. b. To incite, b/woria, 
lo any good aition. pr. par. ex- 
horting J past, ezhorttd ; ■■ txharf- 
ation, tiharlcn adj. eihortativi, 

EXHUMATION. .. The act of un- 


CX'ILE. >. Banishment; state or b«. 

ing b 

friUd' H' aitement 
EXIST, t. To bet to have a 1 

pr. per. aiiling; psit, aiili 

exiaUnct: adj. etisteni- 
EX'IT. I. Recesa; departure 

of tiuitting the theatre of li) 
IX'ODUS. t Departure; journe. 

Ttom a'place: The eecond book 

deeeiibe* the journey afthelarael. 

EXON'ERAm 0. Tff unload, U. 
dieburthen- pr. par. fxoneraimg, 

adj. aiyturattvt. 
EX'OBAGLE. adj. To be moved by 

CY. .. The not of eoing out of 
the track prescribed; eiiormitj; 
groei deviation Troni rale or right, 
pi. eiBirbiiancti,ai>rbilimcies: adj. 
erorbiUirtt ! adv. exorbiianJIy. 

EXORCISE. V. To nbjure by some 
holynamei to drive nway apirits 

ant apirits, by religious i 
ie*. pr.par. ftwrrtrinB',' i 
wiW.- I. mrnier, irorc 

XOTIC. aJj. Foreign; not pro- 

EXl'ECTORATE. v. To ejett from 
. pr. par. exptclorating, 
loraUd: e. eTptclDrntiaa, 

EXPETJIENT. orfi. Proper, fit, con. 
venienl, suitable, quick, eipedl 
^eiienct, iipaHency, pL 
'], sxpedimda, expediml. 

EXPEDITE. V. To licilitale; to fioa 
Troni impediment; to hasteD; to 
despatch, pr. par.ejjmJid'ng; paat, 
CTpcdiltd: adv. npedilrly. 
EXPEDITION, a. Haste, speed, ae- 
- -itg'.^c, 


VXPEL . V. To drive out ; to force 
away; to eject; to banish, pr. par. 
eorficlling; past, expelled: s. ex- 

VXPENiy. V. To lay out, to spend, 
pr. par. expending f past, expend- 
ed: 8. expenditure. 

EXPEN'SI VE. adj. Given to expense; 
extravagant; costly, adv. expen- 
sively: s. expensiveness. 

CXPE'RIENCE. s. Practice; fre- 
quent trial ; knowledge gained by 
practice, v. experience; pr. par. 
experiencing; past, experienced: 
s. experiencer. 

EXPEK'IMENT. s. Trial of any 
thing; something done in order to 
discover an uncertain or unknown 
effect, adj. experimental: adv. ex- 
perimentally : s. experimenter^ ex- 

EXPERT, adj. Skilful, intelligent, 
ready, dextrous; skilful by prac- 
tice or experience, adv. expertly: 
s. expertness. 

EX'PI ATE. V. To annul the guilt of 
a crime, by subsequent acts of pie- 
ty ; to alone for; to make repara- 
tion for. pr. par. expiating; past, 
expiated: s. expiation: adj. expia- 
bU, expiatory. 

EXPl'RE. V. To breathe out; to ex- 
hale; to conclude ; to die. pr. par. 
evpiring; past, cx/i»red; s. expira- 
tion. • 

EXPLAIN'. V. To expound, to illus- 
trate, to clear, pr. par. explaining; 
past, explained: s. explainer ^ ex- 
planation : adj. explainable^ explan- 

EXPLETIVE, s. Something used 
only to take up room. adj. exple- 

eXPLlCA'TION. s. The act of 
opening, unfolding, or «xpanding; 
interpretation ; explanation, nay 
explicable^ exvlicaiory: s. explica- 

IliXPLl'CIT. adj. Unfolded, plain, 
clear; not merely implied, adv. 

ea^ciily: a. exjtlicitness. 


EXPLODE. V. To drive out disgrace 
fully, with some noise of con 
tempt ; to drive out with noise and 
violence, pr. psiT. exploding; pa-n,, 
exploded: s. exploder^ explosion 
adj. explosive. 

EXPLOSION, s. Act of exploding 
noise produced by exploding, adj 

EXPLOIT', s. A design accomplish 
ed ; an achievement ; a successfu 

EXPLORE. V. To try, to search into, 
to examine by trial, pr. par. ex- 
ploring; past, explored: s. explo- 
ration^ exploratory explorement : 
adj. exploratory. 

EXPOR'T. V. To carry or send out 
of a country, in the way of traffic, 
pr. par. eayoritng", past, exported. 
8. export^ exportation^ exporter. 
adj. exportable. 

EXPOSE. V. To lay open ; to make 
liable ; to put in the power of; to 
make bare ; to put in danger, pr. 
par. exposing; past, exposed: s 
exposer^ exposition^ exposure. 

EXPOSITOR, s. Explainer, ex- 
pounder, interpreter, adj. exposi- 

EXPOS'TULATE. v. To canvass 
with another ; to altercate ; to de- 
bate, without open rupture, pr. par. 
expostulating; past, expostulated 
s. expostulation^ exposttUator : adj 
expostulatory. • 

EXPOUND'. V. To explain, to clear* 
to interpret, to examine, to lay 
open. pr. par. expounding; past, 
expounded: s. expounder. 

EXPRESS*. V. To represent by any 
of the imitative arts, as poetrv, 
sculpture, or painting; to exhibit 
by language; to utter; to declare; 
to squeeze out. pr. par. express- 
ing; past, expressed: s. and adj 
express: adj. expressible: adv. e*- 

EXPRESS', adj. Copied, resembling, 
exactly like; plain; in direri 
terms ; on purpose. 


EXPRESS'. I. A nieBe>'iiB^r aa 
EXPRES-s'ltlN. ». The nci or pr 

an; thoughts are uUsred; nfhrii 
Lhe Bctof Bqueeiingof rurcingo 
Hii; thing by a press, adj. e^rt 

LPUSCSr. 0. To hint 


EXTt'RlOR. -Jj. Outward, oi 

{TER'MLNATE. v. To driie at 
to DbBllill; Id dsalroj. pr. 

EXTER'NAL. adj. Oulwird; not 
proceeding Ihun itsdr^ hav'mgthe 
ilnord gppeaninCE. adv. uler- 

< etTjce, to iDninilale. fr 
pungingi poM, fipTingid. 
3ATR B. To ojpunBe, H 

e^urgatnr: adj- cnJUr^B^' 
EX'QUISITE, o^-. Far-soogh 

EXTA.\T. odj. Standing out lo 
liew; ttaoillDg above the rest; 


EXTaIV, ECSTACY. (. Rapture. 

pi. ethui'u, testacies. 
EXTEMPORE. bJb. Withui 

medrtntinn ; sudden!}' : 

' "Hi, 

B. tximdir, altaston, & 

lamiBtb/. I 

EXTEN-SIBLE. ndj.Capnble ofbein J 

extended- t.ejeiensibititiftpi.irten. 

BbaUia. I 

SXTKN'CfATE. o. To l«nsen; lo I 

make smaU in bulk. pr. par. 

(emi^Jin^,' past, trUn Haled : 


EXTlSG'UrSH. B. Tn put out, tn 
quench, to BiippreBB, to dettmy,,atiii^iahias! 
p»sl,exliagvitlifd : s. exliaguisllir, 

GlltTlguilhlKait ! adj. ElllllflUlV 

EXTIRTATE-'r. Td root out. in 
eradicate, lolally to deslroy. pr. 
par. alirpalmg; pun, alirpalid 
t. tt/iV/iaiirm, aliiyalor .- adj. a- 

EXTOL'. B. To pmiae, to maeniry, 

toiling ; past, extolled : a. extnller. 

EXTORT-. tF. To draw hjibrrej to 

- -ceaivayitowrati to gain bf 

(OmpotitLon. meaning over and 
nbove, cilrBordlnarj, beyond. 
EXTRACr. t. To dr<5wo<H;»« 
Jmw hy chimicil onemtion; to 
solpct nnd abstract from u larirer 
trentisR. fit.'pat.r'dracling! past, 
cnraclrd: s. t*(rnd, «(mc/iort, 

EXTRAJUorCIAL. fli'.Oulorths 

lEXTRAMUN-DANE. arfi'. Beyond 
I the verge of the material world. 
- EXTRA'NFOUS. <iai.Sm\K\™™, 
i.j to anvl\iw(t\ tatM^T.-,o\ ii«m- 

adj. Nc 
ly pari ' 

not ordinarji eminen 

■bJc: pronounced, eali 

adv. etiraordinarily. 

coinpTehfudud wit^m 
EXTRA'VAGAWT. odj. WandBring 

oul orhis bounds; roving bevoua 

juU limits Dt preBCribed inelhoil: 

tilravagaHlly : m. Ulrataganee. 
EXTRA V'ASA TED. adj. Fo/ct 

out of tho proper conl&iniiig sa; 

•els. B- Istraviaatian, 
EXTRE'ME. iidr.GK3te9l,nlmDe 

nothinj;. ■. alrtmt: ndv. alrtm 

bf! I, Mtremily^ pi. alrrmiiia. 

EXTRICATE, t. Tadi^einbnmist 

perpleiily ; to diaenlonglc. nr. po' 

Hlricathtg; past, alritntid ,■ a. a 

Iricalion.- adj. silrftaKe. 
EXTRIN-SIC. *$. Eslema), out 

wanl, not intimatElv brioiigiuf 

adv. etirintitalb/. 
EXTRU-DE v. To 1nru» ofT, I 

■ff, pat 

EXTRU'SIOfJ. J. Ac, of oitn 
EXU'BERANT. adj. Growing 

■uperfluous aboots ; arm 

tiberancy^ pi. fjiuAerinffd, ej 
■nriM .• ^v. trutmin/h/. 
EXITDE. B. To sweaT ; lu imne bv 
aweol. pr. par. txaJmg,- pi 

EXULT", e. To rejoice aboTe mm.- 
ure : to triumph, pr. par. nmlhiw, 
past, eanUted.- " 

Us: wbalerHC ia ibed bj ani- 

EV'AS. J. A )-unnp hcwk. pi. tyaitt. 

KYE J.Thavrgdiior<iiinD;(l;blj 
loaih ; B Bnullratcb into whicii i 
houli goes. >. (jw; pr. par, li/iag, 
past, f/ed: I. tyer, 
:VE'BA'I.L. i.TbeappleoftheeVB, 

EVL'^Ovif. I. The hniij ajch over 

EYE'GLASS. >. A glaia to aasiatthe 
swht. pi. tyiebaata. 

EYELASH. 1.^1'he lire of hair thai 
edecH the arelid. pi. eyelashu. 

EVETLET. 1. 'A hole through which 
light Diav enter; qnj email perfo- 
ration, Tor a Ace to go through. 

EYELID. J. The membrane that 

EYtrWlTNEs's. * An*Molar erf. 

TRY. ». The place where bird> 
orpreybuild their nnts, and hat'h 
pi. tynia. 

s- A feigned fftorr, ri 

,./aln,list. FAB-ULOUS. ndj. Feigned, full of 

FAJFUICATE. V. To build, tn con- faWea. a./atuiorilj, pl./nfrufcwi- 
ttnict, to Forge, loderiae ralaelj.ft Su JaliulmBMM! w4i . foftafomiji 


FACA'DE. s. Front, pronounced 
fa-sad^ 0Yjar-8ad£. 

FACE. 9. The visage; countenance; 
surface of any thing : appearance. 
y. face; pr. par. yoctngr,' past, 

FACETTIOUS. adj. Gay, cheerful, 
lively, witty, adv. facetUmaly: s. [ 

FACILITATE, v. To make easy; 
to free from difficulty, pr. par.^a- 
ciliiaUng; mst^factUtated: a fa- 
ciiity^ yl.facUUtes, 

F.\CS1M'ILE. s. An exact copy. 

FACT. s. A thing done ; an effect 
produced; reality. 

FACTION, s. A party in a state ; 
tumult ; discord, s. yhctumary, pi. 
faciionaries^ factionist: adj. fac- 
tious: nd^./aciiously: s. factious- 

FACTFTIOUS. adj. Made by art ; 
in opposition to what is made by 

FACTOR, a. An agent for another; 
one who transacts business for an- 
other ; (in arithmetic) the multi- 
plicator and multiplicand, s.fac- 

FACTORY, s. A house or district 
inhabited by traders in a distant 
country ; a place where any thing 
is made. p\. factories. 

FACTOTUM, s, A servant employ- 
ed alike in all kinds of business; 
one who can do every thing. 

FACULTY, s. The power of doing 
any thing; ability: faculty, in a 
university, denotes the masters 
and professors of the several sci- 
ences. p\. faculties. 

FADE. V. To disappear instantane- 
ously; to die away gradually; to 
ranish. pr. pa.T. fading; paisi^ fa- 

FAG. V. To grow «veary, to faint 
with weariness, pr. pnr. fagging; 
pSLBt, fagged: a. fag. 

FAG-ENiy. s. The end of a web of 
cloth ; the refuse or meaner part 
t}f*nr thing. 


FAG'OT. s. A bundle of sticks bound 
together, for tl»e tire. 

FAIL. V. To desert, to disappoint, 
to neglect, to decay, pr. par fail- 
ing; pvLBif failed: a. failure. 

FAIN. adj. Glad, merry, fond, 
forced, adv. yhm. 

FAINT. V. To decay ; to sink mo- 
tionless and senseless, pr. par. 
fainting; past^ fainted: aay faint, 
faintish: Kdv. faintly: a.Jaintish 

/AINT-HEART'ED. adi. Cowardly, 
timorous, adv. faint-heartedly: s. 

FAIR. adj. Beautiful, clear, pure 
favourable, equal, ady. fairly: s 

FAIR. s. An annual or stated meet 
ing of buyers and sellers, a. fair 

FAIR'-SPOKEN. adj. Bland and civil 
in language and address. 

FAI'RY. s. A kind of fabled being 
supposed to appear in meadows 
and reward cleanliness in houses 
an elf p\. fairies: ad], fairy. 

FAI'SIBLE. adj. See Feasible. 

FAITH, s. Fidelity, honour, vera 
city, belief Rdyfaithfylyfaithless 
adv. faithfully: a. faithfulness 

FAL'CHION. 5. A short, crooke 
sword; a scimetar. 

FAL'CON. 5. A hawk trained fo 
sport; a sort of cannon, a. falcon 
cr, falconry y pi. falconries. 

FALCONET, s. a sort of cannon. 

FALL. V. To drop from a higher 
place ; to decrease ; to diminish 
in value, pr. par. falling; past, 
fallen: a. fall. 

FALL. s. In ihe United States, sig*- 
nifies autumn. 

FAL'LACY. s. Sophism, logical ar- 
tifice. pX.faUacies: ady fallacious: 
a. fallaciousness: adv. fallaciously, 

FAL'LIBLE. adj. Liable to error; 
such as may be decaived. adv. 
fallibly: a falhhility^ ^\. fallibilities, 

FALLl^G.felCY^^^L^'^. a.^V^^-^ 


FAL'LOW. adj. Pale red, or yel- 
low; unsown; unoccupied. ^.Jal- 
low i pr. pKT. fallowing / pa8t,ya/- 

FALSE, adj. Treacherous, perfidi- 
ous, counterfeit, adv. false^ false- 
ly s. Jalsehood^ falseness^ falsity^ 
p\. falsities. 

FALSEHEARTED, adj. Treacher- 
ous, perfidious, deceitful, s. false- 

FALSETTO, a. A musical term ; a 
feigned voice. 

FALSIFY. V. To counterfeit^ to 
forge, to confute, pr. par. falsi- 
fying; pASt^falsifiea: b. falsifica- 
tion^ falsifier : fid]. fcUsiJiable. 

FAL'TER. V. To hesitate, to waver, 
to fail. pr. par. faltering; past, 
faltered: &6v.falteringly. 

FAME. s. C'elebrity, renown, re- 
port. Ad'yfamed^fameless. 

FAMILIAR, adj. Domestic; relat- 
ing to a family; aifable; uncere- 
monious ; free. s. familiarity, pi. 
familiarities: adv. familiarly: v. 
familiarize,' pr. pzx.familiaming; 
ptist, familiarized. 

FAM'ILY. s. Those who live in the 
same house ; a race ; a genealogy. 
\i\. families. 

FAM^INE. s. A scarcity of food; 

FAM'ISH. V. To kill with hunger; 
to starve, pr. p^r. famishing; past, 

FA'MOUS. adj. Renowned, cele- 
brated, much spoken of. adv. fa- 
mously: B.famosiiy, pl.famosities, 

FAN. s. An instrument used by la- 
dies to move the air and cool them- 
selves; any thing by which the 
air is moved, v. fan; pr.psir. fan- 
ning; pnsi, fanned. 

FANATIC, s. An enthusiast; a 
man mad with wild notions of re- 
ligion. Bdy fanatic fanatical : adv. 
fanatically: b. fanaticism. 

PAN'CY. s. Imagination, taste, idea, 
taclinatioaf caprice, pi. fancies: 
^'Janci/f pr. pur. fancying: part, 


fancied: adj fanciful : adv. fat 

cifully : B.fancifvlness. 
FANDANG'O. s. A kind of verj 

lively dance. p\. fandangoes. 
FANE. s. A temple ; a place con- 
secrated to religion. 
FANFARONA'bE. a. A bluster ; a 
' tumour of fictitious dignity. 
FANG. s. The long tusks of a boar 

or other animal; the nails, tb* 

talons. aAhfanged. 
FANTASM. a. See Phantasm. 

cuij. Irrational ; subsisting only in 

the imagination ; unreal, adv.yan- 

tasticcdly, fantastickly. 
FANTASY, s. Fancy, imagination, 

idea, humour. p\. fantasies. 
FA'QUIR. s. A sortof dervise, trav 

elling about and collecting alms. 

FAR. adv. To great extent in length; 
remotely, nayfar: s.famess. 

FARCE, s. A short dramatic repre 

sentation, written without regi- 

larity, and filled with wild and I a- 

dicrous conceits, adj. farcical: 

Bd\. farcically. 
FAR'CY. 8. The .eprosy of horses. 

p\. farcies. 
FAR'DEL. s. Abundle,a)'ttle pack. 
FARE. V. To go, to pass, to happen, 

to feed, to eat. pr. par. fanny , 

pRsi, fared : s.fare. 
FAR'-FETCHED. adj. Broi^pht from 

places remote ; elaborate!) strain 

FAREWELL. m^ The parting com 

pliment ; adieu, b. farewell. 
FARINA'CEOUS. adj. Mealy; tast 

ing like meal. 
FARM. s. Ground let to a tenant, 

a portion of land tilled by a tenant 

or the owner, v. farm; pr. par 

farming; pBsX, farmed : ;iAyfarv%r 

able: B. farmer. 
FARRA'GO. s. a mass formed con. 

fusedlv of several ingredients, pi. 

FAR'RIER. s. A shoer of horses; 

one who professes the medicine 
I oniOTHe.a. %.fttrn»ni. 



I^AR'ROWi. & A liner ot pigs. v. 
Jarroto / pr. par. farrmoing ; past, 

FAR'THER. adv. At a greater dis- 
tunce ; beyond. s\io. farikest. 

FAJITHERMO'RE. 'adv. Besides ; 
over and above ; likewise. 

FARTHING, t. The fourth of a 

FARTHINGALE. 5. A hoop; cir- 
cles of whalebone, used to spread 
the petticoat to a wide circum- 

FAS'CES. 8. Rods anciently car- 
ried before the Roman consuls, 
as a mark of their authority. 

FAS'CINATE. v. To bewitch, to en- 
chant, pr. ipSiT. fascinating ; past, 
/ascinated: s. jascination. 

FAS'CINE, s. A fagot. 

FASHION, s. Form; make or cut 
of clothes ; manner ; custom, v. 
fashion; pr. -pRT. fashioning ; past, 
fashioned: adj. fashionable: s. 
fashionableness : adv. fashionably : 
B. fashionist. 

FAST, adj. Firm, immovable, strong, 
speedy, ^, fasily: s. fast- 

FAST. f>. To abstain from food ; to 
mortify the body, by religious ab- 
stinence, pr. par. fasting; past, 
fasted: s. fast, faster. 

FASTEN. ». To make fast ; to make 
firm; to cement; to fix itself, 
pronounced /oZ-n. pr. p«r. fasten' 
tng; past, fastened: b. fastener. 

rASTliyioOS. adj. Disdainful, 
sqaeamish, insolently nice. adv. 
fastidiously: b. fastidiousness, 

FAT. adj. Full-fed, plump, fleshy. 
8. fat^ fatness^ fatner^ faitener. 

F.\TALISM. s. The doctrine that 
all things happen by nec«)ssity. s. 
fat^Uist, fatality^ \>\. fatalities. 

FATE. s. Destiny ; an eternal series 
of successive causes ; death, adj. 
fated, fatal : adv. fatally. 

FATHER, s. The male parent ; the 
head of a family ; the first ances- 
tor 1 father; pr.psir. f cohering i 


niiBi^fathered- ^Ayfatlierly father, 

FATHOM, s. A measure of length, 
containing six feet. v. fathom ^ 
pr. TpaiT. ^thoming ; past, yatAo»n- 
ed: a.fathomer: ady fathomless. 

FATIGUE', s. Weariness, lassitude, 
labour, toil. v. fatigue; pr. par. 
fatiguing ; past, fatigued. 

FATIGABLE. adj. Easily wearied 
susceptible of wearmess. 

FATTEN. V. To make fat. pr. par. 
fattening; past, fattened, a. fat* 
tener: wdj.fatiish. 

FATUOUS, adj. Stupid, foolish, im- 

FATU'ITY. s. Foolishness, weak 
nessofmind. p\. fatuities. 

FAIPCET. s. The pipe inserted into 
a vessel to give vent to the liquoi, 
and stopped up by a peg or spigot. 

FAULT, s. Offence, slight crime, 
defect, y. fault; pr. pur.faultingt 
ndiSt, faulted : s-famtiness^ fault- 
lessness: adj. faulty ^ faultless, 
B.dv. faultily. 

FAUN. s. A sort of inferior heathen 
deity, pretended to inhabit the 

FA'VOUR, V. To support ; to regard 
with kindness; to countenance 
to conduce to. pr. pa.T. favouring 
p^t^ favoured: b. favour^ favour 
er: B. and ad], favourite: b, fa^ 

FAVOURABLE, adj. Kind, propi 
tious, conducive to; concurrent 
adv. favourably: s. favonrabU' 

FAWN. s. A young deer. v.faiBH, 
pr.pBLT. fawning; paBt, fawned, 

FAWN. v. To court by frisking be- 
fore one ; to court by any means 
pr. pBT. fawning; past^ faum^. 
B. faum, fatoner : aav. faioningly, 

FAY. s. A fairy; an elf; faith. 

FE'ALTY. ». Duty due to a supe 
riorlord; loya.ty. p\. fealties, 

FEAR 3, Dread, terror, awe, anxi 
ety. v. fear; pr. par. fearing 
past, /«otred: ii^. ftwfuV fww 


FEA— l''EE 

less: Sidi^JtarfuUyyJearlessly: s 
fearfubfuss^ fearlessness. 

FEA'SIBLE. a^. Practicable ; pos 
sible to be eTOCted. zAv. feasibly: 
s. JeasibilUy^ ipl.feasibiUtteSy feasi- 

FEAST s. An anniversary day of 
rejoicing; an entertainment of the 
table ; something delicious to the 
palate, v. feast; vr. par. feasting; 
jaasiy feasted: B.jeaster, 

FEAT. 8, Act, deed, action, ex- 

FEATH'ER. s. The plume of a bird ; 
an ornament, v.jmtherf pr. par. 
feathering; jmmI^ feathered: aoj. 
featherUsSf Jeathery. 

FEATURE, s. Any lineament or 
single part of the face. 

FEB'RIFUGE. adj, Havingthe pow- 
er to cure fevers, b. febrifuge. 

FERRILE. adj. Constituting a fever; 
proceeding from a fever. adj.ye6- 

FEB'RUARY. ». The name of the 
second month in the year. 

Muddiness; quality of abounding 
with Ices or sediments ; dregs, pi. 
feculences fecaUndes: ^Ayfeculmt. 

FECUND, adj. Fruitful, prolific, v. 
fecundifyt pr. par.yecwwKfytng'; 
past, feewMifud: B.fecundiiy^ pi. 

FED. Preterit and past par. oT to feed. 
FED^ER AL. a^. Relating to a league 

or contract. SLdyfederate^ federa- 
tive: B. federation. 
FED'ERALIST. s. One or* a politi- 
cal party in the United States, op- 
posed to those called democrats. 

FEE. s. Reward, recompense, v. 
fee; pr.rtAr. feeing; pa8t,y*ecdl. 

FEE'BLE adj. Weak, debilitated, 
sickly, infirm, b. feebleness : adv. 

FEE'BLE-MINDED. adj. Weak of 
mind , defective in resolution. 

FEED. V. To supply with food ; to 
furnish ; to nourish, pr. pRT.fsed- 
ing'/ past, fed: b, feeder. 
FEEL n. ~ 


things by the touch ; to be affect 

ed by; to perceive mentally, jr. 

par. feeling; past, felt: s. Jeel^ 

jeder, feeling: adj. feeling: adv. 


FEET. s. TM plural of foot. adj. 

FEIGN. V. To invent, to dissemble, 
to conceal, pr. paryeigTimg*/ papi. 
feigned: s. feignedness^ fetgntd^ 

FEINT, s. A i'alse appearance , a 
mock assault, adj. feint. 

FELICITATE, v. To make happy, 
to congratulate, pr. par. felte?- 
tating; ^ust^ felicitated : B.fehii 
tation^ felicity ^ pi, Jelicities: adj. 
felicitous : adv. felidiously. 

FE'LINE. adj. Like a cat ; pertain- 
ing to a cat. 

FELL. adj. Cruel, barbarous, inhu 

FELL. -v. To knock down, to hew 
down. pr. par. felting; pasty fell- 
ed: B. feller. 

FELL. The preterit of to fall 

FELLIF'LUOUS. adj. Flowing with 

FEL'LOE. s. The circumference of 
a wheel ; a portion of the rim of 
a wheel. 

FEL'LOW. s. A companion ; an as 
eociate ; equal ; one of a pair, v 
fellow; pr. par. fellounng; past 

who has the same right of common, 
a commoner at the universities of 
England, of the highest order, who 
dines with the fellows. 

FELLOW-FEELING, s. Sj-mpathy, 
joint interest. 

FEL'LOWSHIP. s. Compamonship, 
consort, society. 

FEL'ON. s. One who has committed 
a great crime ; a whitlow. adj./cZ 
onious: Bdv. feloniously: b. felony ^ 
p\. felonies. 

FELT. Pret. and past par. of the v. 

FELT. s. Cloth made of wool, united 
To have perception of | wVtYvoxxV. vieoLVvn^v a hide or skin. 


r£LUCCA. s. A small open boat, 
with six oars. 

FE'MALE. 8, One of the sex which 
produces young, adj. fancde, 

FOi'INlNEL a^. Of the female 
sex; soft, tender, delicate, y. fem- 
inize; TpT.^oT. Jemimzingi past, 

FEM'ORAL. adj. Belonging to the 

FEN. s. A marsh: low and moist 
ffround; a moor, a bog. dLdj. Jenny. 

FENCE, s. Guard, security, defence, 
enclosure. y.Jence; pr. par. Jenc- 
cng*; past, fenced: adj. fenceless^ 
fendbU: s. fencer. 

FEND. V. To keep off; to shut out. 
pr. ^^T. finding; ^^.aX^ fended: s. 

FENES'TRAL. adj. Belonging to 

FEN'NEL. s. A plant of strong 

FEODAL. adj. Held from another; 
bolonging to a feod or tenure, s. 
feodality^ pl.feodalities ;f€odatary^ 
p\. feodataries : B.dy fetjdatory. 

FERMENT, v. To exalt or rarefy 
by intestine motion of parts, pr. 
par. fermenting ; past, fermented: 
^.fev^ment^ fermentation: adj.yer- 
fneniable^ fennentcU^ fenneniative. 

FERN. s. A species of plant, adj. 

FERaCIOUS. adj. Savage, fierce, 
ravenous, rapaciou.s. adv. fero- 
ciously: s. ferociousness^ ferocity, 
pi. ferocities. 

FER'RET. s. A kind of rat, with 

red e}es, used to catch rabbits ; a 

kind of narrow woollen tape. v. 

ferret; pr. par. ferreting; past, 

ferreted: s.ferreter. 

FERRU'GINOUS. adj. Partaking of 
particles and qualities of iron. 

FER'RULE. s. An iron ring put 
round any thing, to keep it from 

FER'RY. V. To carry over in a boat. 
pr. ptir.ferrymg; past, ferried: s. 
/hyy, plferries, ferriage. 


FERTILE, adj. Fruitful, abundant 
plenteous, s. fertileness, fertility 
p\. fertilities : v. fertilize; pr. par 
fertilizing; p&sU fertilized. 

FER'ULA. s. An instrument of cor 
rcction, with which young scholar j 
are beaten on the hand. v. ferule, 
m. OSS. feruUng ; past, ycru/ed. 

FER'VENCY. s. Heat of mind, ar- 
dour, eagerness, zeal. pi. ferveu' 
des: B.dy fervent : ady. fervently. 

FER'VID. adj. Hot, burning, boiL 
ing, vehement a.fervidity, pl.yJr- 
viaitieSy fermdness, fervour. 

FES'TAL. acf}. Belonging or relating 

FESTIVAL, s. Time of feast, an- 
niversary-day of civil or religions 
joy. ady festival, festive: B.jestiv' 
ity, p\. festivities. 

FESTOON', s. An ornament in the 

form of a wreath. nAy festooned. 

FETCH, v. To go and bring; to 
derive, pr. par. fetching; past, 
fetched: s. fetch, f etcher. 

FETID, adj. Stinking; rancid; hav- 
ing a strong and offensive smell, 
s. f tidness. 

FETLOCK, s. A tufl of hair, that 
grows behind the pastern joint of 

FETTER, s. Commonly used in the 
plural. Chains for the feet. v. fet- 
ter; pr. par. fettering; past, ^<- 

FEU-DE-JOIE. s. A firing of guns 
on any joyful occasion. 

FEUD. s. Quarrel, contention, op- 
position ; a conditional allotment 
of land. Vidy feudal: %. feudalism^ 
feudaiary, \A. feudatanes. 

FE'VER s. A disease in which tlie 
body is violently heated, and the 
pulse Quickened, or in which heat 
and cold prevail by turns. R.dy fe- 
verish: s. feverishness. 

FEW. adj. Not in a great number 

FI'AT. *. An order, a decree. 

FIB. 5. A lie, a falsehood, v. Jib 

pr. par. Jibbing ; ^%.%X.t jv\)\)«n.-. %, 
11 Jibbw. 



ITBRE. s. A small thread or string ; 
the first constituent part of flow- 
ers. d.6\. JibrouB. 

FICK'LEl. adj. Changeable, incon- 
stant, irresolate. B.Jicklene$8: adv. 

FICTION, s. The act of feigning or 
inventing; a falsehood. 

KICTI'TIOUS. 4idj. Counterfeit, 
false, feigned, imaginary, adv.^c- 
iiiiously: s. Jiciiti(m9ness. 

FlI^DLEL s. A stringed musical in- 
strument ; a violin, v. Jiddle; pr. 
^2iT. fiddling; pzAi^ fiddled: b. fid- 

FIiyOIESTICK. s. The bow which 
a fiddler draws over the strings of 
a fiddle. 

FlErDLESTRING. s. The string of 
a fiddle. 

FIDEL'ITY. s. Honesty, veracity, 
faithful adherence. \\. fidelities. 

FIDG'ET. V. To move nimbly, and 
irregularly, pr. par. fideiting ; 
Itaslf fidgeted: a. fidgety fidgeter : 
&d\. fidgety. 

FIDU'CIAL. adj. Confident, un- 
doubting. Sidv. fiducially : ad|. ^- 

duciary: 9. fiduciary. 

tally: adj. yi- 
, pi. fiduci- 

FIE. int. A word of blame or indig- 

FIEIF. 8. A fee, a manor, a posses- 
sion held by some tenure of a 

FIELD, s. A cultivated tract of 
ground ; ground not inclosed, the 
open country. 

FIELD'FARE. s. A bird. 

FIELETMARSHAL. a. Commander 
ofanarmyin a field; the officer 
of highest military rank in Eng- 

FIELryOFFICER. s. An officer 
whose command in the field ex- 
tends to a whole regiment. 

FIELPTIECE s. A small cannon 

used in battle, but not in sieges. 
PIEND. s. An enemy; the great en- 
emy of mankind, adj. fiendlike, 

FIERCK ad;. Savage^ raveiiOBi, v\- 


olent, angry. bAv. fiercely: a. fierce 

FI'ERY. adj. Consisting of fire; ve- 
hement, ardent, passionate, s. 
J. fijeri'MSB. 

FIFE. 8. A pipe blown to the drum. 

FIFTEEN, adj. Five and ten, orvii 

nal. a<^\.fiftwnih. 
FIFTH, adj. The ordinal of five 

FIFTY, adj. Five tens. p\. fifties, 

FIG. e. A tree that bears figs ; the 

<yuit of the fig-tree. 
FIGHT. V. To contend in battle , 

to combat ; to contend, pr. par. 

fighting,' past, f ought, s. fight ^ 


FIG'MENT. s. An invention; a fie 
tion ; the idea feigned. 

FIG'URATIVE. adj. Representing 
something else; typical; repre- 
senttitive ; ndt literal, adv. figu- 

FIG'URE. s. The form of any thing, 
as terminated by the outline; 
shape; form; a statue; type. v. 

figure; pr. pSit. figuring'; past, 


FIL'AMENT. s. A slender thread ; 
a body slender and long, like a 

FIL'BERT. s. A fine hazel-nut, with 

a thin shell. 
FILCH. V. To steal, to pilfer, pr 

par. filching ; past filched : b. filch 

er: adv.filchtngly. 

FILE. s. A thread ; a line on which 
papers are strung, to keep them 
m order; a line of soldiers, ranged 
one behind another; a kind of in 
strument. v. file; pr. par. filing, 
past^ filed: B.filer^ filing. 

FILIAL, adj. Pertaining to or be* 
fitting a son or daughter, s. filia- 

FILlGREIil-WORK. ». Work curi- 
ously wrought ; a kind of wire* 


FILL. V. To store till no more can 
be admitted ; to satisfy, pr. par. 
fiUing; paat^JUled: B.Jill,jiUer. 

FIL'LET. s. a band tied round the 
head or. other part; the fleshy 
part of the thigh, applied com- 
monly to veal. V. JuUt; pr. par. 

FIL'LIBEG. s. A little plaid; a dress, 
reaching only to the knees, worn 
in the Highlands of Scotland, in- 
stead of breeches. 

FIL'LIP. v. To strike with the nail 
of the linger, by a sudden spring 
or motion, pr. ipsir.Jillipingf past, 
JUliped: B.Jillip, 

FIL'LY. *. A young mare. ipil.Jillies. 

FILM. s. A thin pellicle or skin. 

FIL'TER. V. To strain, to percolate. 
pr. pBX.Jilteringf' pdist^JUiered: s. 

FILTH, s. Dirt, nastiness. adv.//<A- 
ily: B.fitthiness: adi-Jilthy. 

FIL'TRATE. v. To strain, to per- 
colate, to filter, pr. par.Jiltrating; 
past ^filtrated: s.JiUration. 

FIN. «. The wing of a fish; the limb 
by which he balances his body, 
and moves in the water, adj. ^Ti- 
tled, Jinny, JinlesSy Jinlike. 

FrNAL. adj. Ultimate, conclusive, 
decisive, mortal. a.dy. Jinally. 

FINANCE', s. Revenue, income, 
profit. ad].Jinancial: B.Jinancier. 

PIwD. V. To obtain by searching or 
seeking ; to meet with ; to detect ; 
to supply, &c. pr. par. Jinding; 
psBt^jound: B.Jinder. 

FINE. adj. Not coarse, pure, refin- 
ed, clear, nice. B.Jine^Jineness: v. 
Jine; pr. par. ^mng*; past, ^ncd; 
adv. finely. 

FINE *. A penaltv ; a mulct. 

FINE-DRAW. V. To sew up a rent 
with so much nicety that it is not 
perceived, pr. par. Jinedrawing; 
ohbU finedrawn: a.Jinedrawer. 

FI NERY. s. Show, splendour of 
appearance. pl.Jineries. 

rXNE'SPOKEN. adj. Using a num- 
ber of Sue phrasea. 
N 2 


FINE'SPUN. adj. Ingeniousl> con- 
trived ; artfully invented. 
FINESSE', s. Artifice, stratagem. 
FIN'GER s. The flexible men»ber 

of the hand, by which men catch 

and hold. y.Jinger; pr. po-t. finger- 

ingf past yjingered: e. Jingering. 
FIN'GER-BOARD. s. The board at 

the neck of a fiddle, guitar, or lute 

where the fingers operate on tlie 

FINTCAL. adj. Nice, foppish, adv. 

JimcaUy: B.jfinicalness. 
FlN'ISrt. V. To complete, to make 

perfect, to end. pr. p^r. Jinishing , 

past, Jinished: s.Jinishy Jinisher, 

Fl'NITE. adj. Limited, bounded, 

terminated. B.Jirdientss,Jinitude. 
FIR. s. The tree of which deal-boards 

are made. 
FIRE. s. The igneous element; 

flame; any thing burning. v.Jire; 

pr. par.^rtng"; past,^rcc^ a.Jiring. 
FIRE-ARMS. s. Arms which owe 

their eflicacy to fire; guns. 
FIRFBRAND. s. A piece of wood 

kindled; an incendiary. 
FIRE;-ENGINE. s. a machine for 

extinguishing accidental fires. 
FIRE'LOCK. s. A soldier's gun; a 

gun discharged by striking steel 

with flint. 
FIRE'MAN. s. One who is employed 

to extinguish burning houses. 
FIRE'-PLUG. s, A stopple which, 

in the streets of London, covers 

a cock that conveys water for the 

FIRE'-SHOVEL. s. The instrument 

with which coals are thrown upon 

a fire. 
FIRESIDE. ». The hearth, the chim- 

FIRE'- WOOD. 5. Wood to burn; fuel. 
FIRE'- WORK. s. Showsof fire; py 

rotechnical performances. 
FiRKIN. s. A vessel containing 

nine gallons. 
FIRM. adj. Strong, hard, constant. 

steady, b. firm^ jViTTwnw^? ^^« 



FIRMAMENT, s. The sky, the 

FnVMAN. s. A grant or license giv* 

en by Asiatic potentates. 

FIRST, adj. The ordinal of one; 
earliest in time ; great ; excellent. 
Bdv.Jirst: B,JirsiUng. 

FIRST-FRUITS, s. What the sea- 
son earliest produces or matures i 
the first pronts of any thing. 

tlRST-RATE. adj. A term adopt 
ed from a ship of the first rate or 
size, for pre-eminent. 

FIS'CAL. adj. Belonging to the 
public treasury. 

FISH. s. An animal that inhabits the 
water, v. fish,* pr. par. ^/Wktnr; 
jtast^Jished: a.Jisher^JishtngjKK- 
ery^ \A.jishertes: tAy fishy. 

FISH'ERMAN. s. One whose em- 
ployment is to catch fish. 

FISH'-HOOK.». A hook to catch fish. 

FISIT-KETTLE. «. A caldron, made 

long, that fish may be boiled in it 

without bending. 

FISH'MONGER s. A dealer in fish. 
FIS'SILE. adj. Having the grain in 

a certain direction, so as to be cleft. 
FIS'SURE. s. A cleft; a narrow 

chasm, where a breach has been 

FIST. «. The hand clenched, with 

the fingers doubled down. 
FIS'TICUFFS. «. Battle with the 

fists ; blows with the fist. 

FISTULA, s. A sinuous ulcer, cal- 
lous within, adj. fistular, Jfisltt- 
tous: y.fistulate; pr. pzr. fistulat- 
ingi pasty fistulated. 

FIT. s. A paroxysm or exscerba 
tion of any intermittent distemper; 
interval ; disorder, adyfi^ul 

FIT. V. To accommodste to any 
thing : to furnish ; to become, pr. 
par. fitting; poMij fitted: tAyfit: 
tuAv. fitly y fittingly: n.fitnua^fiJker. 

FIYK adj. Four and one. 

riVETBARRED, adj. Having five 
bant, uBually applied to gates. 


FITETOLD. adj. Having five At- 
tmctions; composed of five ma- 

FIX. V. To make fast; to settle; to 
pierce. pT.pBLT. fixing; pAiXjixed: 
».fixationyfixednetSf fixity f p\'fia 
ittesyfixtwre: vAv. fixedly, 

FIZ. V. To emit a slight and tran- 
sient noise, pr. pax. fizzing; pist, 
fizzed: %.fiz. 

FIZ'GIG. 9. A kind of dart or bar 
poon, with which seamen strike 
fish; a kind of fire-work, which 
boys make up in paper, and ex- 

AB'BY. adj. Soft, not firm 

FLACCID, adj. Weak, limber, lax. 
s.Aaccidity^ pX.fiacciditie*. 

FLAG. V. To hang loose, without 
stifiTiiess or tension ; to grow fee- 
ble, pr. par. flagging; past, flag- 
ged: 8.fl!ag,flagginess:^yflaggy. 

FLA'GEOLET. i. A kind of musical 

FLAG'-OFFICER. s, A commander 
of a squadron. 

FLAG'-SHIP. 8. The ship in which 
the commander of a fleet sails. 

FLA'GELLATE. v. To whip or 
scouree. pr. par. flageUating; past, 
flageUatea: a.fliigeuation, 

FLAGITIOUS, adj. Wicked, vil- 
lanous, atrocious, s. flagitious' 

FLAG'ON. ». A vessel of drink, wit!i 
a narrow mouth. 

FLA'GRANT. adj. Ardent, burning, 
eager, notorious. tudv.flMgranUy . 

FLAG'-STAFF. s. The staff on 
which a flag is fixed. 

FLAIL. 8. The instrument by which 
grain is beaten out of the ear. 

FLAKE, s. knj thing that appears 
loosely held together, like a flock 
of wool ; a stratum ; layer, y. flake, 
pr. pw. flaking ; past, flaked: adj. 

FLAM. 8. A freak, a whim, a fancy. 
FLAMBEAU, s. A lighted torch. 
[ p\ jlambeaux 


FLABfE. f. Light emitted from fire ;|! 

fre. V. Jlamt; pr. par.^/tafntng*; 

^aatjiamed: Kdv.Juxmingly: adj. 
FLA'MEN. s. A priest ; one that 

officiates in solemn offices, adj. 

Fx!!^'MABLE. adj. Capable of 
beinff set on fire. B.JlammabiUty^ 
^V.^flammabiUtUs ,* B.Jlammation : 

FLAldlN'GO. 8. The name of a bird, 
common in many parts of Ameri- 
ca. pL^flammgoes. 

FLANK, s. That part of the side of 

a quadruped near the hinder thigh; 

the side of an army or fleet, v. 

flamk; pr. oar. flanking; past, 

JUmked: s. flanker. 

ILAN'NEL s. A 8of\, nappy stafi*, 
of wool. 

FLAP. i. Any thing that hangs 
broad and loose; a disease in 
horses, v. flap; pr. Tpa.r. flapping; 
past, /{a/jpec/: a. flapper. 

FLARE. V. To glitter with transient 
lustre; to glitter offensively, pr. 
par. flaring; paiSt^ flared. 

FLASH, s. A sudden, quick, transi- 
tory blaze. 1^1. flashes: v. flash; 
pr. par. flashing; paisi^ flashed: s. 
flasher: &d}. flashy: adv. flashily. 

FLASK, s. A bottle, a vessel. 
FLAT. adj. Horizontally level; 

smooth; not elevated; tasteless; 

insipid, s. flat, flatness: adv. flat- 

iy: v. flatten; pr.pnr. flattening; 

p^st, flattened: adyflattish. 

FLATTER, v. To soothe with 
praises ; to raise false hopes, pr. 
pdT. flattering; pviai, flattered: s. 

flatterer. flattery y pi.flatteries: adv. 


FLATULENT, adj. Turgid with 
air; wmdy; empty, a. fl[atulency, 

FLAUNT. V. To make a fluttering 

show in apparel ; to carry a pert 

or saucy appearance, pr. par. 

flaunting; pjiatflaunied: a flaunt. 

yU'VOUH s. Power of pleasing 


the taste ; odour, fragrance. aiQ 
FLAW. s. A crack or breach: a 

fault, defect, v. fl4ao; pr. imu 
flauring; paai^flatoed: adyflaim^ 

less, flawy. 
FLAX. 3. Th« plant of which line 

thread is made. adj. flaxen. 
FLAY. V. To strip oti the skin, pr 

pur. flaying; past, flayed: a. flay 

FLEA. s. A small red insect, adj 

Flecker, v. To spot; to mark 

with strokes or touches, pr. par. 
flickering, past^flickered. 
FLECTION s. The act or power 

of bending. 
FLED. Preterit and past par. of 

the Y.flee. 
FLEDGE. V. To furnish with wings, 

to supply with feathers, pr. pai. 
fledging; p^st^fledged, 
FLEL. V, To run from danger ; to 

have recourse to shelter, pr. pax. 
fleeing; p^at^fl^d. 
FLEECE, s. As much wool as is 

shorn from one sheep, a. fleecer: 

ad}, fleecy. 
FLEECE. V. To clip the fleece of a 

sheep ; to plunder, as a sheep is 

stripped of his wool. pr. par. 

fleecing ; past, fleeced. 

FLEET, arfy. Swift of pace; quick, 

nimble. vA^. peeling: s,fleetne9»: 
adv. fleetly. 

FLEET, s. A company of ships ; a 

FLEM'ING. s. A native or inhabit 
ant of the Low Countries, adl 

FLESH, s. The body, distinguished 
from the soul ; animal food ; car 
nality. v. flesh; pr. pax. fleshing 
past, fleshed: a. fleshiness: adj 
fleshless, fleshly, fleshy. 

FLESH'MEAT. s. Animal food; the 
flesh of animals prepared for food. 

FLEUR DE Lis. s. A kind of lily, call- 
ed the iris ; the emblem of France. 

FLEW. Thfe ^T«Xei\\. o'i Wv^i ^ . ^^j. 



.pUarit, complying, ductile s-Jlex- 

tbility^ ^X.JUxibUHies^JUxibleruss : 

FFJElXlON. «. The act of bending; 

a double. a.d}.Aexuous: B.Jlexure. 
FLlCKTER V. To flutter; to fluc- 
tuate ; to move with uncertain and 

hasty motion, pr. par.^ckering ; 

FLI'ER. *. One that runs away; a 

fugitive ; a part of a machine. 
1 LIGHT, s. The act of flyiiiff or 

running from danger ; a flock of 

birds flying together ; a volley ; 

the space passed by flying, adj. 

flighty: B.kightiness. 
FLIM S Y. adj. Weak, feeble, mean, 

spiritless, s.flimsiness. 
FLINCH. V. To shrink from any 

siiflering or undertaking; to fail. 

pr. psiT. flinching; p&si, flinched: 

s. flincher. 
FLING. tJ. To cast from the hand ; 

to throw : to cast with violence. 

pr. par. flinging, p^tsi^ flung: s. 
fling, flinger. 
Flint, s. a semi-pellucid stone; 

any thing eminently or proverbi- 

nllv hard. ^d\. flinty: s.fliniiness. 
FLINT-HEAR'fED.'acf;. Having a 

hard heart ; cruel. 
FLIP. s. A liquor much used in ships, 

made by mixing beer with spirits 

and sugnr. 
FLI P PANT. adj. Nuuble, moveable, 

pert, petulant. xiAv. flippantly: s. 

Htppancy^ pi. flippancies. 
FlLlRT. V. To throw any thing with 

a quick, elastic motion ; to be un- 
steady and fluttering ; to coquet. 

pr. par. flirting ; psisi^ flirted : s. 

niriy flirtation. 
FLIT. V. To fly away, to remove, 

to flutter, pr. pur. flitting; past, 

flitted-: s. flitting. 
FLOAT. V. To swim on the surface. 

pr. pur. floating; psLet^ floated : s. 

FLOCK, s. A company; usually a 

company of birds or beasts, v. 
jfock,' pr. par. flocking; past, 


FLOG. 0. To lash, to whip. pr. pat 

flogging; pii&i, flogged: &.Jlog 

FLOOD, s. A body of water; the 

sea; a deluge, y. flood; pr. par. 

flooding ; pust^ flooded. 
FLOOD'GATE. s. A gate or shutter, 

by which a water-course is closed 

or opened. 
FLOOR, s. The bottom of a room i 

a story; a flight of rooms, v. 
floor; pr. par. flooring; past, 

floored: b. flooring. 
FLO'RAL. adj. Relating to Flora, or 

to flowers, s^orist. 
FLORENTINE s. A native of Flor 

FLaRID. adj. Productive of flow 

ers ; bright in colour; embellished. 

s.floridness: Sidv. floridly. 
FL(5R'IN. s. a coin, first made I»y 

the Florentines. 
FLOTILLA, s. Any number of 

small vessels. 
FLOUNCE. V. To move with 

weight and tumult ; to deck wit h 

flounces, pr. par.^/^owncmg",* pas^, 

flounced: s.jffovnce. 
FLOUNCE. 5. Something sewed to 

a garment, and hanging loose, su 

as to swell and shake. 
FLOUNDER, v. To struggle with 

violent and irregular motions, pr. 

par. floundering; past^ floundered: 

s. flounder. 

FLOUN'DER. s. A species of flat 

fish, called fluke. 
FLOUR, s. The edible part of corn ; 

the meal. \. flour; pr. par. flour- 

ing; past^ poured. 

FLOUR'ISH. V. To be in a prosper- 
ous state ; to boast, pr. par.^«r> 
ishing; past, flourished, a.flour* 
ishyflourisher: &dv.Jicurishingly. 

FLOUT. V. To mock, to insult, pr 
par. flouting; past, flouted: a, 
floutyflouter : adv. fiou iingly, 

FLOW. V. To run or spread as 
water; to run; to glide smoothly; 
to abound, pr. par. floioing: past, 
JUmtd: a.jloiio: wdy.flovungly. 

FLO— FL"^ 

FLO^VER. 8. The part of a plant 
which contains the seeds ; an or- 
nament; the prime, v. ^ower ; pr. 
fnT.Jlowerinff; pzBt^^ioered: adj. 

FLOWN. The past par. of the ▼. to 

FLUCTUATE, v. To float back- 
ward and forward ; to be irreso- 
lute, pr. par. Jluctuating ; past, 
Jiuciuaied: s-Jiueiuaiion: adj.^Kuc- 

FLUE. 8. A small pipe or chimney, 
to convey air or smoke. 

FLU'ENT. adj. Liquid, flowing, in 
motion, copious, voluble, adv. 
fiuently: s.Jluencyy ipi.Jluencies. 

FLU'ID. adj. Having parts easily 
separable : not solid, s. Jluidity^ 
y\. fluidities. 

FLUKE, s. A kind of flat fish, call- 
ed a\so flounder ; the broad part 
of an anchor, which takes hold of 
the ground. 

FLUNI'MERY. s. A kind of food, 
made by the coagulation of wheat, 
. flour, or oatmeal. 

I* LUNG. Pret. and past par. of the 
V. to /ling. 

KLUR^RY. 8. A gust or storm of 
wind; hurry; a violent commo- 
tion. p\. flurries: y. flurry; pr. 
par. flurrying ,• pasi^ flurried. 

FLUSH. V. To flow with violence ; 
to come in haste; to glow in the 
skin. pr. par. flushing f past, 
flushed: adj. and s.flu^h. 

FLUSTER. V. To confound, to hur- 
ry, pr. par. ^us/mng",- past, ^tu- 
tered: s. fluster. 

FLUTE, s. A musical pipe; a chan- 
nel or furrow in a pillar, y. flute; 
pr. pnr. fluting; past^ fluted. 

FLUTTER. V. To take short flights, 
with great agitation of the wings ; 
to move irregularl)'. pr. par.^w<- 
tering; rthstyj^utlered : b. flutter. 

FLUVIAT'IC. adj. Belonging to 

FLUX. *. The act of flowing ; pas- 
sage, concourse, confluence, v. 
Hiue, pr par. fluxing; past, fluX" 


ed: B.fluj:ation, fluxion^ fluxihiR' 
ty^ p\.fluxibilities: Bdi-fluxtble. 
FLUX'IONS. 8. The arithmetic or 
analysis of infinitely <tmall, varia* 
ble quantities. B.fluxionist. 
FLY. V. To move through the air 
with wings ; to move with rapid- 
ity, to run away. pr. par. flying f 
^tist^ flown:^ p\.flies,flyer. 
Y'-BITTEN. adj. Stained by the 
bites of flies. 
FLY'BLOW. 8. The egg of a fly. v 
flyblow; pr. p^x.flly blowing; past, 
FOAL 8. The off*spring of a mare ; 
or other beast of burthen. v.flocU, 
pr. pRT. foaling; past^ floated. 
FOAM. 5. The white substance 
which agitation or fermentation 

?:athers on the top of liquors; 
roth, spume. v.Jbam; pr. par 
floaming; psist^floamed: diAy foamy 

FOB. 8. A small pocket. 

FOB. V. To cheat, to trick, to de 
fraud, pr. par. fobbing ; past,yb6 

FaCUS. 8. The point of conver- 
gence or concourse, where the 
rays meet and cross the axis af- 
ter their refraction. Latin pi ybci, 
English p\. focuses. 

FOtyOER. s. Dry food, stored up for 
cattle against winter, v.foader, 
pr. par. foddering ; pastfoddered • 

FOE. 8. An enemy in war ; a per- 
secutor; an opponent; an ill- 
wisher. aAyfoelike: s.foeman. 

FOETUS. 8. The child in the womb 
after it is perfectly formed; bu 
before, it is called embryo. 

FOG. 8. A thick mist; a moist 
dense vapour, near the sairface of 
the land or water, adv. foggily 
s.fogginess: tid]. foggy. 

FOI'BLE. 8. A weak side ; a blind 
side ; a failing. 

FOIL. V. To put to the worst ; to 
defeat ; to puzzle, pr. pur. foiling 
past, /oiled; «. joU.^ Jaaiw . "wJC^ 

Imundirv; a double, r.fold; at. 

FOUAGE. _ , 

iesiea. i./oIUlUI pr. psi 

ing! ptiii/alialtd: ».JbL 

FCLIO. j.Aleafwpiig6of 

SFB lorrned by ■ iheeC of puper 

flgcc ituublcd. 
FOLK. J. feople; in famUi 

eniee, nUlons. inankiad. 
rOL'LOW. V. Togo after; 

- -"") : "> «(" 

FOOL'HARDV. adj. Dating, with- 
judgment: tniully DOvGUIur. 
. 9-Jitoihardincst. 
.S'CAl'. 1. A l£!nn di-nnlinB 

oling: adi-Jiiollai. 
ITUALL. a. A boll eommoii 
tie of A blown tibililer. 
FOOT'BOY. *. A ]ow ineniiil ; 


highwif-man thai 


dccoiiipinyi to. 

pi. fir. JoUouiing I piM,/olIoictd. 

FOLT-y. 3. Wenknew of Enlelleci ; 

mind, pl/oliici. fviin-f^rtvr • i ^.i.i m- n.......ii 

'^r^nic^. ''"■/::^& Tnarrh«>,.d fight, o„fo.t. 

kmtnJ^. ^ iFOOT'STEP. J. Truce, twck; im 

FOND. aJj. Foolkblv lender; iiiiu- 1 p'i;>siin left by Ihe fool. 

dicloQily inJulrant; loting. aSv.f, FOOTSTOOL, i, A nlool for tha 

fondly- i-fonSitu. j feel. 

FONirtE. 11. To ircal with greal .fOP. I- A aimplelon, a coscomb, i 

liidiilaoncPi to caress, pr. par. vnleaAei. s.f (filing, fayfery,fA. 
fimdHng; paaljbndlidj a.fondkrl fipfiraa, fopptAmst, tAj. figf 
fondting. piih: ady-foppaMy. 

FOST. I, A clone ttysel, in which iFOB. pr^. !k™«=e of; with ro 

the water for holy haptiani li con^ "pect to ; in the place of, m aearch 

tained in the churehi tn aisort- 1 "h *^c- _ 

mem nf letters and aceenti. jFOR'AGE. v. To wander m searer. 

FOOD- .. Viclnali; any Ihing thai " pr. nar. firagotg; 

FOOL. *. Oo* to whom natniro has FORBEAR". «. To ceaJfl from any 
denied reawin; an idiot; > buf-!! ihing; [a inlennlC; to pa^ilf.: to 
(bon. v./ool; pr. par./oo(ijif.-p»al,l| delay ;tnBb«taiii. pr. par./orimr- 
foBltdr a faoUry, pi faalirial ing. pjA, farhorru: i. forbear 
' ■■ ■ - .dj.J^iA^idv./o-'" '■-•■ 


FOOL. a. A liquid 
herriet, Kahled a 
OMed with croMta. 

FORBib-. B. To pr 

if sooie-l; diql, to oppoie, lo hinder, pr, 

ided and /BrhidJingi paxt, farbulJta. 

U forbiiiiaiajQrbi'- 


FORCE, t. Slrenglh, vigour, might, 
violence, nrmumeiii. v./orcr 
por. foTdngi pa«t,/orMd. __ 

J'arar,j'Brt!hUaai! aiiyforc^aa, 
FORCEMEAT, l- A lerm or oook- 

FORCEPS, t A piLr of long.! a 
Bunrfciil iiMtrament. p].Jortft>ia. 

FORI). «. A •hallow part of a river, 
wh«ie \K iDav be jiiBied wilhniit 
iwimming. v./iirJ;pr. par. /brvi- 
in^i pan^Jm^dtdi ad]. Jnrdnblc^ 

FORC. 11^'. Antsiior-, nol behind. 

FOBKADVrSE. V. To counsel early. 
pr. jiar./oMdifBHiiij,- pa»t,/or(- 

rOREARiW. o. To provide for it- 
tuck orreBJBLsnce.iwrarethetinie 
ofnefld. pr. par.yorearnjin^.-paBt, 

FOREBO'DE. B. Ta propiosticnlo, 
lo Ibrelell. pr. par. Joriiodiitg ; 

rORECASr. V. To scheme: lo 
plan barore eimgtion. pr. par. 
Joreaulaig; pant, farttoiled! s. 
farieast, fnrrcaatrr. 
rORE'CASTLE. jr. In a thip, lliai 
n where ihcfDriimaal 9t 

IWitPDHK. .. Thai part oF Ihs 
.li.^k which is near [he bow of i 

FOaEDETEffMlNE. v. To decree 
tofarehani!. pr. pur./orsrfrfermin- 
I'lff; past.ftmfrdirmi'iied. 

FOREDOOM', fl. To predFirtinale. 
-p'.par.fortHooBmgi pailiJom- 

^ORPEMn. ». The anterior part. 

FOREFATHER, jr. Ancmori one 
who, in Jiny degree of nacending 
H-HPaloirT, iiroceds* another. 

pCiRKTINCER. i. The finger neit 


FORETOOT. 1, foul 

of n quadruped, pi. /biW«'. 
FOREGU. T,.Ta iguii.. it> give up, 

to reaign. pr. mi. foregoing i part, 

foTcgmt: a./ortsoir. 
FORE'GROUrtD, .*. The port oflhe 

fieldot'eipQnieoi' « picture which 

geema tu lie before Che figiirei. 

which is bdlnre Dii! rider. 
FORE'HEAD. i. That pnrl of lb 

face which reichea from the eyit 

upward In the hair. 

f6RE.^GE. u."To judge befura 
hand ; tobn prepcBBeued. |ir-pu 
for^dgingi patl,/onJiutged: t 

f6h^\0W.b.Tci hiTe preMrienco 
■oTj to foreace. pr. par.^^jretnav' 
'^1 [list, /orMninnn.- adj. /ore- 
knoiiKUili : e. forAnauer, Joie- 

FORE'LAND. a. A promontory, » 

headland, a capo. 
FORE'LOCK. i. The hair thai growi 

frnm tlie forepart oftho head. 
FOBETVIAN. J. The liral or chief 

p.r^on. pIT"-™™. 
F0RE;MAST. i The firat maet of 

a ship ttiwardi ihn head. 
FORETWOST. b4}. Finl in placo 

FORENOON".' I. The lime of the 

dnv before (wulvo o'clock. 
FOR E PJ'Sl C arff. Belonging lo COUf 

FORBORDAIN'. o.To predeitinEl-^ 

paat, Jbrtit - 

ime; paat 
dfv.ned; i. forearaxnation 
FOBETART. i. The part Iral in 

FORERiry. o. To precede: to hj^o 

pw[,/«™n'.. J.>.rr.nn«-. 
FORPSAiL. ». The lail oflhe fore 


wy, to foretell, ipr. pa.r.foresayif^; 

pviat, Jbrtsaid. 
FORESEE'. V. To see beforehand; 

to provide for. pr. par.yorMmng-,- 

past,, furesten: a.jbreseer, 
FOREbHORTEN. v. To shorten 

figures, in order to show those be- 

niud. pr. par. /bre«Aorfenmg*; past, 

FORESHOW. V. To predict . to 

discover before it happens, pr. 

pKT. foreshowing; past, /orejAoum. 
FORE'SIGHT. s. Prescience, prog- 
nostication, foreknowledge. 
FOREST, s. A wild, uncultivated 

tract of ground, interspersed with 

wood. a. forester. 
FORE'STAFF. «. An instrument 

used at sea for taking the altitudes 

of heavenly bodies. 
FORESTALL'. t>. To anticipate; to 

take up beforehand ; to hinder by 

pre-occupation or prevention, pr. 

par. forestalling ; past, forestaUed: 

s. forestaller. 
irORE'TASTE. s. Anticipation of. 

8. foretaster, 
rORETELL'. V. To predict, to 

prophesy, to foretoken, pr. par. 

foretelling; pviat^ foretold : a. fore- 

FORE'THOUGHT. s. Prescience, 

anticipation, provident care. 
FORETOKEN, s. Prevenient sign ; 

prognostic, v. foretoken ; pr. par. 

foretokening; pv^aX,, foretokened. 
PORE'TOOTH. s. The tooth in the 

anterior part of the mouth ; the 


PORE'WARN. V. To admonish be- 
forehand ; to inform previously of 
any future event, pr. par. fore- 
warning; pti^i, forewarned. 

FORFEIT, s. Something lost by the 
commission of a crime ; a fine, a 
mulct. V. forfeit; pr. pur, forfeit- 
ing; past^ forfeited: ^dy forfeit- 
able: a. f Off eiter^ forfeiture, 

FORGA'VE. Preterit of forgive. 
^Y?RGE. s. The place where iron is 
Aoatea into form, v. forge ,* pr. 


par. forging; past, forged.- ■ 
forger.fotgery, pi forgeries. 

FORGERY, s. 'fhe crime of falsi- 
ficution ; smithes work. pi. forge- 

FORGET. V. To lose memory of; 

not to attend ; to neglect, pr. pa.? 

forgetting; past, forgot forgotten. 

adj. forgctfid: a. forge If uilness^ 

forgetier: a.dy .forgetiingly. 

i FORGIVE'. V. To pardon, not to 

• punish, to remit, pr. par.ybrgiw- 
tng; past, forgiven: adyforgiv 
able a. forgiveness, forgive r. 

par. of the v. forget. 

FORK. s. An instrument divided at 
the end into two or more points 
or prongs, v. fork; pr. par. forh 
ing; past, forked: adv. forkedty 
a.forkedness, forkiness: adj. for- 

FORLORN', adj. Deserted, destitDto, 
forsaken, wretched, solitary, s 

FORLOPJV-HOPE'. *. The soldier* 
who are sent first to enter a breac;i. 
and are therefore doomed or ex- 
pected toperish. 

FORM. s. The. external appearance 
of any thing; representation, 
shape, ceremony ; a long seat, v 
form; pr. par. forming; past 
formed: a. formation, form,er 
ad}, formless. 

FOR'MAL. adj. Ceremonious, sol 
emn, precise, regular, external, s 
formalist, formality, p\. formali 
ties; a.dv. formally. 

FOR'MER. adj. Before another ir 
time ; mentioned before anotl.ei . 
past. adv. formerly. 

FOR'MIDABLE. adj. Terrible, 
dreadf^il, tremendous, terrific. ■ 
foi-midableness : adv. formidably. 

FORM'ULA. s. A prescribed forir 
or order, a. formulary, pl.formt^ 

FORNICATION. 8. Concubinage. 

or commerce with an unmarried 

I Yfoman. ^^ fornicator, fomicatnsa. 

FOR— * OR 

FORSA'KE. V. fo leave in resent- 
ment or diaiike ; to leave, to de- 
sert.' pr TpRT. forsaking; paat^f'^' 
Silken: a.forsaker. 

FORSOOTH', adv. In truth, certain- 
Iv, very well. 

FORSWEAR'. V. To renounce upon 
oath ; to deny i:pon oath ; to per- 
jure; to sweat falsely, pr. par. 
forswearing t past, forsworn: s. 

FORT. «. A fortified house ; a cas- 
tle; a strong side. adj. /or^ed 

i^OR'TE. ado. A term in masic; 
loudly, with strength. 

FORTH, adv. Forward; onward in 
^ime; abroad. 

FORTHCOMING, adj. Ready to 
appear, not absconding. 

FORTHWITH', adv. Immediately; 
without delay ; at once. 

FOR' TIE I'H. adj. The fourth tenth, 
next after the thirty-ninth. 

FORTIFY. V. To strengthen against 

attnciis, by walls or works; to 

cor firm, to encourage, pr. par. 

fvrtifying; past, fortijiea:. adj. 

foriffiable: s. fortification, forii- 


FORTITUDE, s. Courage, braver}', 

FORTNIGHT, s. The space of two 

FOR'TRESS. «. A strong hold; a 
fortified place. y>\. fortresses. 

FORTU'ITOUS. adj. Accidental, 
casual, adv. fortuitously: s. for- 
tuitousness, fortuity, pi. fortuities. 

FORTUNE, s. The power supposed 
to distribute the lots of life accord- 
ing to her own humour ; the good 
or ill that befals man ; success ; 
estate; possessions. kA}. fortunate: 
adv. fortunately: s. fortunateness. 

FOR 'TUNE- HUNTER, s. A man 
whose employment is to enquire 
after women with great portions, 
to enrich himself by marrying one 
of them. 

FOR'TY. adj. Four times ten. pi. 

FO^RUM. s. The market-phce in 
O ' 


Rome; the common p.ace wherw 
courts are kept. 

FORWARD, adv. Towards; to w 
part or place before; onward, 
progressively, adj. /onoarrf. 

FORWARD. V. To hasten ; to ac- 
celerate in growth or improve 
ment ; to patronise ; to advance 
pr. par. forwarding; past, for- 
toarded: s.forwarder,forv)ardness. 
adv. forwardly. 

FOR' WARDS, adv. Straight before ^ 
progressively ; not backwards. 

FOSS. s. A ditch, a moat. p\. fosses. 

FOS'SIL. adj. That may be dug out 
of the earth. %. fossil, fosstlist. 

FOSTER, v. To nurse, to feed, to 
support, to cherish, to encourage. 
^r. \inx. fostering; ^^ai, fostered , 
s. fosterage, fosterer. 

FOS'TER-BROTHER. s. One nurs- 
ed by a mother, at the same time 
with her own child ; the child oi 

* that mother, in relation to the 

FOS'TER-CHILD. s. A child nure- 
ed by a woman not the mother, 
or bred by a man not the father, 
pi. foster-children. 

FOS'TER-FATHER. s. One who 
gives food in the place of a father. 

FOS'TER MOTHER, s. A nurse. 

FOUGHT. Pret. and past par. of 
the y. fight. 

FOUL. adj. Not clean, filthy, impui -s, 
polluted, wicked. v.yb«J, pr. pir. 
fouling; paai, fouled: adv.fotUlj 
s. foulness. 

FOUL'FACED. adj. Having an ugly 
or hateful visage. 

FOUL'MOUTHED. adj. Scurrilous- 
habituated to the use of opprobri- 
ous terms or epithets. 

FOUL'SPOKEN. adj. Contumelious, 

FOUND. Pret. and past par. oCfind. 

FOUND, v. To lay the basis of any 
buildmg; to build; to establish, 
pr. par. fmtndiiig; \i9A\., founded 
s. foundation, founder, foundress. 

FOUND, u. To iotmVv^ w^NNxs^^^tm^ 
pouring mlo mx^>9i\!^i&\ Vo <s».^. \^ 


par founding; past, founded: s. 
founder^ foundcry^ ^X.founderies. 
fbUNiyER. V. To cause such a sore- 
. nciis and tenderness in a horse^s 
foot, that he is unable to set it to 
the ground; to sink to the bot- 
tom; to fail. pr. par. /oumJmng',* 
FOUNiyLING. s. A child exposed 
to chance ; a child found without 
any parent or owner. 
FOUNT, FOUNTAIN. *. A well, a 
spring, a jet, a spout of water; a 
set or quantity of characters or 
FOUR. adj. Twice two. Bi^y fourth: 

^dv. fourthly. 
FOUR'-FOLD. adj. Four times over. 
FOUR'FOOTED. adj. Quadruped; 

having four feet. 
F0UR'SC0RE.a4;. Fourtimes twen- 
ty; eighty. 
FOUR'TEEN. adj. Four and ten ; 
twice seven, ordinal adj. four- 
FOUR'WHEELED. adj. Running 

upon four wheels. 
FOWL. s. A winged animal ; a bird. 
V. fowl; pr. par. fowling; pa«t, 
fowled: a. fowler. 
FOWL'ING-PIECE. s. A gun for the 

shooting of birds. 
FOX. s. A wild animal of the canine 

species. n\. foxes. 
FOX'GLOVE. s. A species of plant. 
FOX'TAIL. s. A species of plant. 
FRACTION. *. The act of breaking; 
the state of being broken ; a bro- 
ken part of an integral. B-dy frac- 
FRACTURE, s. Breach; separation 
of continuous parts, v. fracture; 
pr. par. fracturing; past, frac- 
FRA'GILE. adj. Brittle; easily snap- 
ped or broken ; weak. ^ fragility^ 
p\. fragilities. 
FRAG'xMENT. *. A part broken from 
the whole; an imperfect piece, 
adj fragmentary. 
jP'RA GRANT, adj. Odorous; sweet 
ofameV ndr.jragranihi: t'fra- 


granse^ fragrancy^ pi. fragrat^ 

FRAIL, adj. Weak ; easily decaying , 

easily destroyed, s. frailne^iSt 

frailly y p\. frailties. 
FRAIL, s. A basket made of rushes. 
FRAME. V. To form or fabricate, by 

orderly construction; to make; 

to compose ; to regulate, pr. par. 

framing; past^ framed: a. frame, 

framtr, framing. 
FRAN'CHISE. s. Exemption froir 

any onerous duty; privilege, im 

manity. B.francnisemertt. 
FRANCIS'CAN. adj. Relating to tj-.e 

order of St. Francis. 
FRANGIBLE, adj. Fragile, brittle, 

easily broken. 
FRANK, adj. Liberal, generous, in- 
genuous, sincere, adv. frankly • 

a. frankness. 
FRANK. 4. A privileged letter 

which pays no ))ostage. y. frank 

m. par. franking; paist^ franked 
FRANK'INCENSE. s. A species ol 

aromatic drug. 
FRANK'LIN. 5. A freeholder of con 

siderable property. 
FRANK'PLEDGE. s. A pledge or 

surety for freemen. 
FRANTIC, adj. Mad : deprived of 

understanding by violent madness; 

outrageous, adv. frantically: s. 

FRATER'NAL. adj. Brotherly, pe*. 

taining to brothers, adv. frater- 

nalhf: s. fraternity^ pi. fratet- 

FRATERNIZE, v. To agree as 

brothers; to enter into brother- 
hood, pr. par. fraternizing ; pa«i. 
fraternized . s. fraternization. 
FRATRICIDE, s, The murder of a 

brother ; one who kills a brother. 
FRAUD, s. Deceit, cheat, artifice. 

ndy fraudful : adv. fraudfully. 
FRAUDULENCE. s. Deceitfulness, 

trickishness, proneness to artifice. 

p\.fraudvlencies: adyfraudtUeni' 

adv. fraudulently. 
FRAUGHT, adj. Laden, charged, 

^Wed^ stored. 


FRAY. s. A battle, a fight, a duel, a 

FRAV. V. To rub, to wear. pr. par. 
fraying; past, /ray* J. 

FREAK, s. A sudden fancy; a hu- 
mour; a whim. a.d\. freakish: adv. 
frtakishly: s.freakishness. 

FRECK'Ll:! s. A spot raised in the 
skin, by nature or the sun. adj. 
freckled^ frecklu : s. frexkUdness. 

rRECK'LKFACED. adj. Having the 
face full of freckles. 

FREE culj. At liberty, not enslaved, 
unrestrained, uncompelled. y.fru; 
pr. par. yVectng* ,• past^ freed: adv. 
freely: s. freeness^ freer . 

FREE'BOOTER. 5. A robber, a plun- 
derer, a pillager, s. freebooting. 

FREE'RORN. adj. Not a slave; in- 
ncriting liberty. 

FREEEKM AN. s. A slave manumitted, 
pi. freedmen. 

FilKE'DOM. s. Liberty ; exemption 
from servitude; independence. 

F.iI':E'HEARTED. adj. Liberal, un- 

Fj^KEHOLD. s. That land or tene- 
ment which a man holds in fee, 
fee-tail, or for term of life. s. 

FttEE'M Ai\. 5. One not a slave ; not 
a vassal ; one partaking of rights, 
privileges, or immunities, pi. free- 

FREEMA'SON. s. One of a certain 
secret order. 

F REE'MINDED. atZ; Unperplexed ; 
without a load of care. 

FREE'SCHOOL. s. a school in 
which learning is given without 

FREE'SPOKEN. adj. Accustomed to 
Kiieak without reserve. 

FREESTONE s. A kind of soft 

FREETHINKER, s. One who be- 
lieves in accordance with his own 
ludr^ment ; one not bigoted. 

FREEWILL . s. The power of di- 
recting our own actions ; volunta- 
riness. !i 


FREEZE. V. To congeal ; to be cotv 
gealed with cold, pr- par.y>-cei«n^ 
ptisty frozen. 

FREIGHT. V. To load a ship or ves 
sei with g'oods for trans))ortation. 
pr. par. freighting; pusi^ freight- 
ed : 8. freight^ freigh ter. 

FRENCH, adj. Belonging to France, 
adj. Frenchlike. 

FREiNCH'lFV. v. To infect with the 
manners of France, pr. pQT.frei^ch- 
ifying; p^st^f rencliified. 

FREN'ZY. s. Madness, distraction 
of mind. p\. frenzies: adj.yVcjmeJ. 

FRE'QUENT. adj. Often done, often 
seen, often occurring, s. frequen- 
cy^ p\. frequencies : adv. frequently, 

FREQUENT, v. To visit often : to 
be much in any place, pr. par.y*re- 
quenting; past, frequented: adj. 
frcqu^ntabU: s. frequenter. 

matical term, applied to verba 
signifying the frequent repetition 
of an action. 

FRES'CO. 5. Coolness, shade, duskj- 
ness ; a kind of painting. pX.fres* 

FRESH, adj. Cool ; not salt ; new, 
recont, florid, v. freshen; pr. par. 
freshening; pRsU freshened: adv. 
freshly : a. freshness. 

FRESH'ET. s. A flood of water. 

FRESHMAN, s. A novice; one in 
the rudiments of any knowledge 
s. freshmanship. 

FRET. V. To wear away by rub- 
bing; to vex. pr. par. fretting , 
past, fretted : s. fret^ fretter^fret 
fulness: adj. fretful: adv. fret- 

FRIABLE, adj. Easily crumbled; 
easily reduced to powder, s.fri 
ability^ p\. friabilities. 

FRI'AR. s. A brother of some reli 
ffions order, s. friary ^ p\. friaries, , 

FRICASEE'. 5. A dish made by cut 
ting chickens or other small things 
into pieces, and drossing them with 
strong sauce, y.f^ca^ce; pr. par 
ft I caseein^ ,• pvi^t ^ f r vta&wA . 

FRl— FRl 

FRICTION 7. The act of rubbing 
two bodies together. 

FRi'DAY. i. The sixth day of the 

FRIEND. 9. One joined to another 
in mutual benevolence and inti 
macy; one propitious. Sidy Jiriend 
UsSyfriendlike^ friendly: b. friend- 
line iSy friendship: 2As. friendly. 

FRIEZE, s. A coarse, warm cloth, 
adj friezed. 

FRlfcZE, FRIZE. s. A large flat 
member which separates the arch- 
itrave from the cornice. 

FRIG' ATE. s. A ship of war, next 
in size to a vessel of the line. 

FRIGHT, s. A sudden terror, v. 
frighten; pr. par. frightening; 
past, frightenea : adj. frightful : 
bliIv. frigfitJ^uUy: 9. f rightfulness. 

FRI'G I D.ttd^. Cold; wanting warmth; 
dull. s. frigidity ^ pi. frigidities j 
frigidness : ad v. frigidly. 

FRI(;ORIF'IC. adj. Causing cold. 

FRILL, s. A sort of ruffle, v. frill; 
pr. pir. frilling; p-Asi^frilled. 

FRINGE, s. Ornamental appendage, 
added to a dress or to furniture. 
V . fringe ; pr. par. fringing ; past, 
fringed: adyfringy. 

FRIPPERY. 5. Old clothes, cast 
dresses, trumpery, trifles, pi. frip- 

FRISEU'R. s. A hair-dresser. 

FRISK. V. To leap, to skip. pr. par. 
friaking; pnst^ frisked: s. frisky 
frisket\ f riskiness: adj. frisl^ul^ 

FRITH, i. A narrow part of the sea, 
where the water, being confined, 
is rouffh. 

FRITTER, s. A small piece cut to 
be fried; a fragment, v. fritter; 
nr. par. frittering; past^ frittered, 

FRIVOLOUS, adj. Slight, trifling; 

• of no moment, adv. frivolously: 
f. . frivolity^ pi. frivolities. 

FRIZZ. V. To curl, to crisp, pr. par. 
frizzing ; past, frizzed. 

FRIZ'ZLE. V. To form into short 
curJs. pr. par. frizzling; past,yri>- 

zlsd: f.frixzley frizzier. 


FRO. adv. Backward, regfressively. 
FROCK, s. A dress, a coat ; u kind 

of gown for children. 
FRO(t. s. A small amphibious ani 

n>^il, with four feet. 
FROLIC. ». A wild prank ; a fight 

of whim and levity, v.fmlic; pr. 

par. frolicking; past, frolicked: 

adj. frtdicksome: s. frolicksome- 

ness: Kds.frolicksomely, 
FROM. A preposition. 
FRONDIF'EROUS. adj. Bnaring 

FRONT. 5. The face; the van. v 

frorU; pr. par. fronting; past, 

fronted: s. frontal^ frontlet: adj 

FRONTIER, s. The marches, the 

limit, the utmost verge of any ter 

ritory. adj. frontier. 
FRONTINIAC. s. A kind of rich 

w-in A 

FRONTISPIECE, s. That part of 
any building, or other body, that 
directly meets the eye. 

FROST, s. The last effect of cold ; 
the power of congelation, adj. 
frosted^ frosty: Sidy/. frostily, s 

FROSTBITTEN, adj. Nipped or 
withered bv frost. 

FROSTWORK, s. Work in which 
the substance is laid on with in- 
equalities, like the dew congealed 
upon shrubs. 

FROTH, s. Spume, foam. v. froth; 
pr. par. frothing ; past, frothed . 
adv. frothily: s. frothiness: adj 

FRC VV ARD. adj. Peevish, ungovern- 
able, angry. Sidv.frowardly: B.fro 

FROWN. V. To express displeasure 
by contracting the face to wrinkles; 
to look stern, pr. par. frouming, 
past, frowned : s. frown^ froiorur 
adv. frowningly. 

FRCZEN. adj. Congealed with cold 
void of heat. 

FRUCTIFY. V. To make fruitful, 
to fertilize, pr. p^r. fructifying f 
p3ist,/ru.ctljud: laAy fructiferous^ 


Jructuaus : 8. JructificcUion^ fruc- 

FHU'GAL. adj. Thrifty, sparing, 

parsimonious, s. frugality^ pLyWc- 

galities : ad v. frugally. 
FRUIT, s. The product of a tree 

or plant; production, a. fruitage^ 

Jruiitrer^ jruitery^ pi. frmUritsi 

Jrui{fidness: adj. jruUfuX: adv. 

FKUI'TION. s. Enjoyment, posses- 
FRUITLESS, adj. Barren of fruit ; 

vain, idle, unprofitable. oAs.fruii- 

leixly: B. fruiilessness. 
FRUMP. V. To mock, to insult, pr. 

pnr.frwnpingt'paBi^frumped: s. 

FKUS'TRATE. v. To defeat, to 

disappoint, pr. par. frustrating; 

past, frustrated: b. frustration ; 

adj. friistrdtioe^frustratory. 
FRV^. V, To dress food in a pan on 

the fire. pr. par. frying; past, 

fried: B.fry^ td\. fries. 
FUCTDLE. V. To make slightly 

drunk, pr. par. fuddling; past, 

FUDGE, int. An expression of the 

utmost contempt. 
FU'EL. ». The matter or aliment of 

FUGA'CIOUS. adj. Volatile, s./u 

gaciousnesSy fugadty^ pl.fugaci 

FU'GlTr\'Tl adi. Not tenable, on 

steady, volatile, flying, running 

from danger. B.fugitive^fugitive- 

FUL'CRUM. ». the prop of a lever. 
FULFIL'. V. To answer any pur- 

p »8C or design ; to complete, pr. 

\i^T. fvlfilUng; i^Tist^ fulfilled, s. 

filfiUer^ fulfilment. 
FUL'GENT. adj. Shining, dazzling, 

exquisitely bright. B.fulge7icy^^. 

ful^encies ; ftugidity^ pi. fulgidi- 

PULIG'INOUS. adj. Sooty, smoky. 
FULL. adj. Replete; having no 

space void ; large. B.fuUffiuness: 


FULL. V. To cleanse clolb from itf 

oil or grease, pr. ya^. fulling 

^disty fulled: B.^tUla^e,fuUer^fiU* 

wry, v\. fulleries. 
FULL'-BLOWN. Jidj. Spread to the 

utmost extent* ab a perfect blos- 
FULL-BOTTOMED, adj. Having a 

lai^e bottoiti. 
FULL'-DRESSED. adj. Dressed in 

FULL-FED'. adj. Sated, fat. 
FULL-GROWrr. adj. Completely 

FULLING-MILL. s. A mill foi 

cleansing cloth. 
FUL'MINATE. ir. To thunder ; to 

make a loud noise, pr. par.yV/i* 

minating; pBst fulminated: B.fuU 

m ination : adj . fulminant^ ftUmin- 

FUL'SOME. adi. Nauseous, o.^Ten 

sive, gross. &av.fulsomely: B.fuJ 

FUM'BLE. V. To attempt any thing 

awkwardly, pr. par. fumbling; 

past, fumbled: B.fumbler: adv. 

FUME. s. Smoke, vapour, v. fume; 

pr. par. fuming; past^ fumed: adj. 

fumidfumous^fumy: B.fumidity^ 

pi. fumidities : Sidv.fumingly. 
FU'MIGATE. V. To smoke; toper- 

fume by smoke or vapour, pr. par. 

fumigating; pdisi^ fumigated: a. 

FUN. s. Sport, merriment, 

ny: ndv. funnily. 
FUNCTION, s. Discharoe, perform- 
ance, employment, office. B.funC' 

tionary^ p^. functionaries. 
FUND. 5. Stock, capital; that bv 

which any expense is supported. 

V. fund; pr. par. funding; past, 

FUNiyAMENT. s. Foundation; the 

back part of the body. adj. ind 9 

fundamental: Bdy.fundamenially. 
FU'NERAL. 5. Burial, interment, ob- 

spquies. adj. funeral.^ fwMxtaL 
FUNG'013S. od.v ¥.^Lct«i%<l«A.^%ystL 

gy. B./iuigostl')|^ \\. /imgoaUVt*. 


FUNG'US. J Araushroom. 

FUN'N£L. «. A sort of pipe, through 
which liquors are poured into ves- 

FUR. 8. Skin with sofl hair ; soft 
hair of beasts, v. Jur ; pr. par. 
Jurring f past, Jurred : s. furrier : 

FUR BELOW, s. A kind of trim- 
ming. V. furbelow; pr. par. fur- 
belotoingi paat^ furbelmoed. 

FURBISH. V. To burnish, to pol- 
ish, pr. pax. furbishing; p&st, fur- 
bished: B.furbisher: ady furbish- 

FU'RIOUS. adj. Mad, raging, vio- 
lent; impetuously agitatea. adv. 
furumsly: s.funousn€SS, 

FURL. V. To draw up ; to contract, 
pr. par. furling; pzat^fwied. 

FUR'LONG. *. A measure of length. 

FUR'LOUGH. s. A temporary dis- 
mission from military service. 

FURNACE, s. An enclosed fire- 

FURNISH. V. To supply witn what 
is necessary ; to give, to supply, 
to equip, pr. par. furnishing; 
p^Btffumisned: a. furnisher. 

FURNITURE, s, IVfcvables ; goods 
put into a house for use or orna- 
ment; appendages. 

FUR'RIER. s. A dealer in furs. 

FURROW. 5. A small trench, made 
by the plough for the reception of 
seed ; any long trench or noUow 
V. furrow ; pr. par. furrowing ; 
pnst^ furrowed. 

FURTHER, adj. At a greater dis- 
tance ; beyond this. oAv. further^ 
furthest: 9. furtherance^ fur- 


FURTHER. V. To put onward ; to 
forward; to promote, pr. pai 
furthering; past ^furthered. 
FURTHERMORE, adv. Moreover, 

FURTIVE, adj. Stolen ; gotten by 

theft, adv. furtively s. furtive- 

FU'RY. s. Madness, rage, passion of 

anger, enthusiasm, pi. furus: 

z.^. furylike. 
FUIIZE. s. A kind of prickly bush, 

sometimes called diwhin. adj.yur* 

FUSE. V. To melt ; to put into fu 
sion ; to liquefy by heat. pr. par 
fusing; past, fused: s. fusion, 
fusibility f p\. fusibilities : adj.yu 
FUSEE', s. The cylinder around 
which is wound the cord or chain 
of a clock or watch; a firelock. 

FUSILEER. s. A soldier armed with 

a fusil ; a musketeer. 
FUSS. s. A tumult, a bustle. 

FUSTIAN, s. A kind of cloth 

FUSTIC, s. A sort of wood used m 

FUSTIGATION. s. An ancient cus 

torn of punishing with a cudgel. 
FUSTY, adj. Ill-smelling, mouldy. 

8. fu^tiness. 
FUTILE, adj. Talkative, loqua- 
cious, trifling, worthless, s.futil' 

tty^ p\. futilities. 
FUTURE, adj. That which will be 

hereafter ; that which is to come. 

s. future^ futurity <t p\. futurities. 
FY. interj. A word of blame and 





GAB'BLE. V. To make an inarticu- 
late noise ; to prate loudly with- 
out meaninff. pr par. gabbling; 
pastt g'abblea: b. gabble^ gabbler. 
CAJrERDINE. s. A coarse frock-, 

iuiy mean dress. 

GA'BLE. 8. The triangular part of 
the end of a house, from the cor- 
nice to the top of the roof. 

GAD. V. To ramble about without 
\\ any fieUled ^ur^ose. pr. par gadf 


jf past, gadded: b. gadder: 
adv. gculdingly. 

GADTLY. s. A fly that stings cat- 
tle, pi. gadflies. 

OAE'LIC, GAL'IC. s, A dialect of 
the Celtic tongue. 

GAFF. s. A harpoon or large hook. 

GAG. V. To stop the mouth, to pre- 
vent speaking, pr. par. gagging; 
past, gagged: s. g'og-, gagger. 

6AGEL s, A pledge, a pawn, a mea- 

GA'IETY. s. See Gayety. 

GAIN. s. Profit, advantage, interest. 
V. gain; pr. par. gaming; past, 
gained: adj. gainable, gainful^ 
gainless: Sidv. gainfully: s.gtun^r, 

GAIN'SAY. V. To contradict, to op- 
pose, pr. par. gainsaying; past, 
gainsaid : s. gainsayer. 

GAIT. s. A way, march, walk, pro- 
gress, adj. gaited. 

GAITERS, s. A kind of spatter- 

G VLA. s. Any show or festivity. 

G \LA'Tf ANS. s. Persons descend- 
ed from the Gauls. 

GAL'AXY. ». The milky way. pi. 

GALE. J. A wind not tempestuous, 
yet st'onger than a breeze. 

GAL'EATED. adj. Covered as with 
a helmet. 

GALILE'AN. s. A native or inhabit- 
ant of Galilee. 

GALL. 5. The bile; an a imal juice 
remarkable for its supposed bit- 
terness ; a slight hurt by fretting 
off the skin. v. gall; pr. par. gall- 
ing ; past, galled, 

GAL'LANT. adj. Gay, well-dressed, 
showy, splendid, mngnificent. adv. 
gallantly: s. gaUantness. . 

G ALLANT*. v. To pay attention to 
ladies, pr. par. gallanting; past, 
gaUanted: s. gallant^ gallantry^ 
pi. gallantries: adj. gallanf. 

GALLEON', s. A large ship, with 
four or five decks. 


G ALXERY. s. A kind of walk aloni; 

the floor of a house \ a part of thb 

theatre, pi. galleries. 
GAULEY. s. A vessel driven by 

GAL'LIC,GAL'LICAN.a4;. French 

s. gallicism. 
GALLIGAS'KINS. «. Large opea 

GALLIMAU'FRY. s. Any inconsis- 

tent or ridiculous medley, pi- gal' 

GALLINACEOUS, adj. Denoting 

birds of the pheasant kind. 
GAL'LIOT. 8. A little galley, built 

very slight, and fif for the chase. 
GAL'LIPOT. s. A pot used formed- 

GAL'LON. s. a liquid measure, con 

taining four quarts. 
GALLOON', s. A kind of lace. 
GAL'LOP. v. To ride very fast, pr 

par. galloping; past, galloped: «. 

gallop^ galloper. 
GALLOWAY. *. A kind of small 

GAL'LOWS. s. A beam laid ovei 

two posts, on which malefactors 

are hangred. 
GALOCHE'. s. A kind of shoe worn 

over another, to keep out the wet 
GAL'VANISM. s. The action of me 

tallic substances, v. galvanize ; pr 

par. galvanizing; past, galvanized: 

^d}. galvanic f a. galvanometer. 
GAM'BLE. V. To play extravagant 

]y for money, pr. par. gamblingf 

past, gambled: s. gambler. 
GAMBOGE, s. A concreted vege 

table juice, of a bright yellow co- 
GAM'BOL. V. To dance, to skip, to 

frisk, pr. par. gamboling; past, 

gamboled: s. gambol. 
GAME. s. Sport of any kind; jesU 

y. game; pr. par. gaming; pa^st, 

gamed: s. gamester. 
GAME'KEEPER. s. A person who 

takes care ofgame. 
G AM'MON. s. The buttock of a ho|[^ 

salted asid d:\sA\ ^^\^^ v*>8Jci ^\^"^ 


GAM'U T. 8, The scale of muBical 

GAN'DER. s. The male of a goose. 
GANG. s. A troop, a company, a 

GANG'RENE. «. A mortification, a 

sore. adj. gangrenous^gar^eTied. 
GANGWAY. «. A thoroughfare or 

NTLET. s. A militarjr punish- 
ment, in which the criminal, run- 
ning between the ranks, recei?es 
a lash from each man. 

GAOL, JAIL. ». A prison, a place 
of confinement, s. gaoler. 

GAP. 3. An opening, a breach, an 

GAPE. V. To open the mouth wide ; 
to yav^'n. pr. par. gaping ; past, 
gaped : s. gflper. 

GARB. 8. Dress, clothes, habit, ex- 
terior appearance. 

GARB' AGE. s. The bowels, the ofial. 

GARBLE. V, To sift and cleanse 
spices ; to separate the ^ood from 
the bad. pr. par. garbling,' past, 
garbled: e. garbler. 

GAR'DEN. s. A piece of ground, 
enclosed and planted with herbs 
or fruits, v. garden; pr. par. gar- 
dtning; past, gardened: s. gar- 
dener^ gardening. 

GARG'LE. V. To wash the throat 
with some liquor not suffered im- 
mediately to descend, pr. par. 
fargling; past, gargled : s. gargle. 
'RISH. adj. Showy, gaudy, splen- 
did, glaring, adv. garishly: s. gar- 

GAR'LAND. s. A wreath of branch- 
es or flowers. 

GARLIC 5. A species of plant. 

GAR'MENT. s. Any thing by which 
the body is covered; clothes, dress. 

RAR'jNER. s. A store-house, y. gar- 
ner, pr. par. garnering f past, 

GAR'NET. 5. A gem, a precious 

GARmSH. V. To decorate, to em- 

bellish. pr. par. garnishing ; past, 


garnished: %. garnish^ gamisher^ 

GAR'NITURE. s. Furniture, oma. 

GARHET. s. A room on the highest 
floor of a house, adj. garreied. 

GARRETEE'R. s. One wlio lives ii 
a garret. 

GAK'RISON. s. Soldiers placed in 
a fortified town or castle to defend 
it; the town itself v. garrison, 
pr. par. garrisoning f past, garri- 

GAR'RON. s. A miserable horse, ol 
little power. 

GARRU'LITY. s. Loquacity, talka 
tiveness. pi. garrulities : adj. gar* 

GARTER, s. A string or riband, 
by which the stocking is held upon 
the leg. V. garter i pr. par. gar 
tering ; past, garierea. 

GARTH. *. The bulk of the body 
measured by the girdle ; an enclo- 

GAS. 9. A spirit not capable of be- 
ing congealed, pi. gasses. 

GASOMETER, s. An instrument 
for measuring or containing gae 

GASCONA'DE. s. A boast, a bra> a- 
do. V. gasconade; pr. par. gas- 
conading; past, gasconaded. 

GASH. V. Tu cut into small pieces, 
to cut deeply, pr. par. gashing, 
past, gashed : s. gash. 

GASP. V. To open the mouth wide; 
to catch the breath with labour 
pr. par. gasping; past, gasped: s. 

GASTRIC, adj. Belonging to the 

GATE. s. A large door, an avenue. 

B. gateway. 
GATH'ER. V. To collect; to bring 

into one place ; to glean, pr. par. 

gathering; past, gathered: s. ^o- 

ther^ gaffurer^ gathering. 
GAU'DY. adf Showv, splendid, 

pompous, idy. gaudily: s. gaudt' 

GAUGE. V. To measure the capa* 
J ciV^ of a. Neaa^ m yj\K\cVv Uq^ora 



are contained; to measure with 
regard to any proportion, pr. par. 
gaugingj'pasi^gariged: a. gavge, 

GAUNT, adj. Thin, slender, lean, 
adv. gaunUy. 

GAUNTLET. «. An iron glove, 
used for defence and thrown 
down in challenges. 

GAUZE. 9. A kind of thin, transpa- 
rent silk. 

GAVE. The preterit of the v. to gwe. 

GA VELKIND. s. A custom, where- 
by the lands of the father are 
eqnally divided, at his death, 
amongst all his sons. 

GAVOT. s. A kind of dance. 

GAWK. s. A cuckoo, a foolish fel- 
low. 8. gawky^ pi. gawkies: adj. 

GAY. adj. Air)', cheerful, merry, 
fine, showy, s. gayeiy^ pi. gaye- 
iies : adv. gayly. 

GAZE. V, To look intently and ear- 
nestly, pr. par. gazing; past, 
gazed: 8. gaze^ gazer. 

GAZETTE, s. A news-paper, a pa- 
per of public intelligence, v. ga- 
zette; pr. par. gazetting; past, 
gazetted: s. gazetteer. 

GEAR. 5. Furniture, accoutrements, 
dress ; the traces by which horses 
or oxen draw. 

GEE. s. A word used to horses. 

GEESE, s. The plural of goose. 

GELATINOUS, adj. Formed into a 
jollv, viscous. 

GEL'ID. adj. Extremely cold. s. 
geHdity^ pi. gelidities. 

GE.M. s. A jewel, a precious stone. 
V. gem; pr. par. gemming; past, 
gemmed: adj. gemmeotts, gemmy. 

GEM'INI. s. The twins; the third 
sifrn in the zodiac. 

GEN'DER. s. A kind, a sort, a sex. 

GEN'DER. V. To beget, to produce, 
pr. par. gendering; past, gender- 

GENEAL'OGY. s. History of the 
succession of families, pi. gene- 
alogies: adj. genealogical: s. gen- 


ilGEN'ERAL. adj. Comprehending 
many species or individuals ; not 
special ; not particular ; exten 
sive, common, s. general^ gtneral 
*^.Vi pl* generalities^ geKerainess 
adv. generally. 

GEN'EKAL. s. One who commands 
an army. s. generalship. 

GENERALISSIMO, s. The supreme 

GEN'ERALIZE. v. To reduce to a 
genus, pr. par. g'enera/izmg*; past, 
generalized: s. generalization. . 

GENERATE, v. To beget, to prop, 
agate, to produce to life. pr. par 
generating; past, generated: s 
generation^ generator: adj. gene- 
rant, generative. 

GENERIC, adj. That which com- 
prehends the genus, or distin- 
guishes from ouothcr genus, adv. 

GEiN'EROUS. adj. Not of mean 
birth ; liberal, munificent, strong, 
vigorous, adv. generov^ly: s. gen^ 
erosity, pi. generosities. 

GENESIS, s. Generation; the first 
book of Moses. 

GENE'VA. s. A spirit distilled from 
the juniper-berrv. 

GENEVOIS. s. Peoole of Geneva. 

GfyNIAL. adj. That* which contrib- 
utes to propagation ; natural, na- 
tive, adv. genially. 

GEN'ITIVE. adj. the name of the 
second case in grammar. 

GE'NIUS. »; The protecting or rul- 
ing power of men, places, or 
things, pi. genii: — mental power 
or faculties ; a man endowed with 
superior faculties. ])l. geniuses. 

GENOE'SE. s. The people of Genoa 
in Italy. 

GENTEEL', adj. Polite, elegant m 
behaviour, civil, adv. genteelly, s. 
genleelness, gentility ^ pi. gentiU 

GENTIAN, s. A kind of medicinal 

GEN'TILE- adj. ^OiQw^vT^^Vsi x'wa. 
i tion. 


GENTILE, s. One of an uncove-1 
nanted nation ; one who knows 
not the true God. adj. gentiU : s. 

GENTLE, adj. Well born, soft, 
bland, mild, tame. adv. gently: s. 

GENTLEMAN. *. A man of birth; 
a man raised above the vulgar by 
his character or post. pi. gentle- 
men: adj. gentlemanUke^ gentle- 
manly : s. genilemanliness. 

GENT'LEWOMAN. ». A woman of 
birth above the vulgar ; a woman 
well descended, pi. gentlewomen: 
adj. gentlewomantike. 

GENTOO. s. An aboriginal inhabit- 
ant of Hindostan. 

GEN'TRY. 5. Class of people above 
the vulgar, pi. gentries. 

GENUFLECTION, a. The act of 
bending the knee; adoration ex- 
pressed by bending the knee. 

GEN'UINE. adj. Not spurious ; real, 
natural, true. adv. genuinely : s. 

GE'NUS. a. A class of beings or 
things, comprehending under it 
many species, pi. genera. 

GEOCtN'TRIC. adj. Applied to a 
planet or orb having the earth for 
Its centre, or the same centre with 
the earth. 

GEOG'RAPHY. s. A description of 
the earth, pi. geographies: s. ge- 
ographer: adj. geographical: adv. 

GEOL'OGY. s.Tbe doctrine of the 
formation and composition of the 
earth, pi. theologies: s. geologer. 

GEOM'ETRV. s. The science of 
quantity, extension, or magnitude, 
abstractedly considered, pi. geom- 
etries: adj. geomefral^ geometrical^ 
geometric: adv. geometrically: s. 
geometrician: v. geometrize; pr. 
par. geometrizing i past, geome- 

GEOR'GIC. *. A part of the science 
of husbandry, put into a pleasing 
dresSf and set oif by all the beau- 

GEO— Glli 

ties and embellishments of poetry. 

adj. georgic^ georgical. 
GEORGIUM Si'DUS. s. One ol tbo 


GERA'NJUM. s. A kind of plant. 
GERM. s. A sprout or shoot ; thai 

part which grows and spreads. 

adj. germinant: v. germinate; pr. 

par. germinating; past, germinof 

ted: 8. germinaiton. 
GER'UND. s. A kind of ve.bal 

GESTATION, s. The act of ciiry 

insr the young before birth. 
GESTICULATE, v. To play antic 

tricks; to show postures, pr. par 

gesticulating; past, gesticulated: 

8. gesticulation^ gesticulator: adj. 

GESTURE, s. Action or posture ex 

pressive of sentiment ; movement 

of the body. 
GET. V. To procure, to obtain, to 

have possession of. pr. par. get- 
ting; past, g'o^, gotten: s. getter, 
GEWGAW, a. A showy trifle ; a 

toy, a bauble. 
GHAST'LY. adj. Like a ghost; pale, 

dismal, horrible, s. ghastliness. 
GHERKIN, s. A small pickled cu 

GHOST, s. The soul of man; a 

spirit appearing afler death, adj. 

ghostlike, ghosuy: s. ghosthness. 
GI'ANT. s. A man of a size above the 

ordinary rate of men. adj. giant- 

like^ gigantic 
GI'ANTESS. s. A woman of uncom- 
mon size. pi. giantesses. 
GIB'BER. V. To speak inarticulate- 
ly, pr. par. gibbering; past, gib 

bered: s. gibberish. 
GIB'BET. s. A gallows; the post on 

which malefactors are hanged, v, 

gibbet; pr. par. gibbeting; past, 

GIB'BOUS. adj. Convex, protube- 

rant. s. gibbosity , pi. gt^uostttts^ 

GIBE. V. To sneer ; to join censo- 

riousness with cont«».mpt pr. par. 




P^ingf past, g^d: B.gthCy giber: GIRDTiE. s. Any thing drawn niond 

adv. gibingly. 
GIB'LETS. s. The parts of a goose 

which are cut off before it is cook- 
GID'DY. adj. Vertiginous; rotary, 

whirling, inconstant, unsteady, s. 

giddiness: adv. giddily. 
GIFT. 5. A thing given or bestowed: 

offering, v. gift; pr. par. gifting f 

past, gified: s. gijtedness. 
GiG. s. A light vehicle, with two 

GIGANTIC, adj. Suitable to a giant; 

biff ; very large. 
GIGX5LE. V. To laugh idly, to titter. 

pr. par. giggling; past, giggled: 

8- giggle, giggler. 
GIG'OT. s. The hip joint ; a slice. 
GILD. V. To overlay with ffold. pr. 

par. gilding; past, gilded^ gilt: s. 

gilder, Riding. 
GILL. s. The apertures at each side 

of a fish*s head ; a measure of 

liquids, containing the fourth part 

of a pint. 
GILLYFLOWER.*. A kind of plant. 
GILT. Pret and past par. of the v. 

to gild. 
GIM'CRACK. s. A slight or trivial 

GIM'LET. s. A borer, with a screw 

at its point. 
GIMP. 5. A kind of silk twist or lace. 
GIN. 9. A trap, a snare ; a machine 

for cleaning cotton, v. gin; pr. 

pnr. ginning; past, ginned. 
GIN. 5. A kind of ardent spirits, 

properly called Geneva. 
GIN'GERBRE AD. s. A kind of sweet 

bread, or cake. 
GING'LE, JTNG'LE. v. To make a 

sharp, clattering noise, pr. par. 

gingling ; past, gingled: s. gingle. 
GIN'SENG. 5. A kind of aromatjc 

GIPSY. *. A vagabond who pre- 
tends to foretell futurity ; a wan- 
derer, pi. gipsies. 
GIRD. V. To bind around ; to fasten 

bv binding, pr. par. girding; past, 

firdedf girt: s. girder, girding. 

the waist ; enclosure, v. gtrdie, 

pr. pn.1. girdling; past, girdled: f. 

GlKL. s. A young woman, or female 

child, adj. giHish: adv. girlishly. 
GIRT. Pret. aud past par. of the v. 

to gird. 
GIRTH, s. A band by which a sad- 
dle is fixed upon a horse. 
GIVE. V. To bestow; to confer, 

without any price or reward ; to 

deliver, pr. par. giving; past, gi"»'- 

en; pret. gave. 
GIVES. *. Fetters or shackles fo« 

the feet. 
GIZ'ZARD. s. The strong musculai 

stomach of a fowl. 
GLA'CIAL. adj. Icy ; made of ice 

frozen, v. glaciate; pr. par. gla 

dating ; past, glaciated: s. glacxa 

Hon: adj. glacious. 
GLA'CIS. 5. In fortification, a sloping 

GLAD. adj. Cheerful; gay; in a 

state of hilarity; pleased, v. glad 

den; pr. par. gladdening; past., 

gladdened: adv. gladly: s. gladness 
GLADE. 5. A lawn or opening in a 

GLA'DIATOR. s. A sword-playei 

a prize-fighter, adj. gladiator}, 

GLANCE, s. A sudden shoot of light 

or splendour; a quick view. v. 

glance; pr. par. glancing; past, 

GLANb. ». An organ of the body 

adj. glandular, glandulous: 9 

GLAN'DERS. s. A disease peculiai 

to horses, adj. glandered. 
GLANDIFEROUS, adj. Bearing 

mast ; bearing acorns, or fruit like 

GLARE. V. To shine so as to dazzle 

the eyes ; to shine ostentatiously 

pr. par. glaring; past, glared* a 

glare: adv. glaringly. 
GLAHEOUS. adj. Consisting of vw 

I C0U8^ lTaJ>«\»«lTew\. \»»X\.«t ^VJ|A ^icsft 


GLASS, s. An artificial, transparent 
substance; a mirror; a vessel 
made of glass. p\. glasses: n. glos- 
siness: Ti^\.glnssy. 

GLAZE. V. To turuish with windows 
of glass; to overlay with some- 
thing shining and pellucid, pr. 
par. glazing; past, glazed: 8.gia- 

CiLEAM. s. Sudden shoot of light; 
lustre, brightness. \. gleam; pr. 
par. gleaming; past, gleamed: s. 
gleaming: adj. gleamy. 

GL£AN. V. To gather what the har- 
vesters leave behind ; to gather 
any thing thinly scattereoT. pr. 
par. gleaning; past, gleaned: s. 
gleaner^ gleaning. 

GLEBE, s. Turf, soil, ground, adj. 

GLEE. s. Joy, merriment, gayety; 
a kind of song. 

GLEN, s, A valley, a dale; a de- 

fression between two hills. 
IB. adj. Smooth, slippery, volu- 
ble, adv. gUbly . s. gUoness. 

jILlDE. V. To flow gently and silent- 
ly ; to move swiftly and smoothlv 
along, pr. par. gliding; pviBt^ glided: 
s. glider. 

^LIM'MER. V. To shine faintly; to 
be perceived imperfectly, pr. par. 
glimmering; past, glimmered: s. 
elimmer^ glimmering, 

GUMPSE. 5. A weak, faint light ; 
transitory lustre ; a short view. 

GLISTEN. V. To shine; to sparkle 
with light, pr. par. gUsUning; 
past, glistenea. 

GLIT'TER. V. To shine; to exhibit 
lustre ; to gleam, pr. par. glitter' 
ing; pnsU glittered: s. glitter: adv. 

GLOBE. 5. A sphere, a ball ; a round 
body. ad], globose, glohous, globu- 
lar : s. globosity, pi. globosities. 

GLOB'ULE. s. A veiy small globe, 
adj. globvUms. 

GLOM'ERATE. v. To gather into 
a ball or sphere, pr. par. glomer- 
aftnff' oastf glomerated: s. glom- 
raiion: adj glumeraui. 


GLOOM. 5. Imperfiect darkness; 
obscurity; defect of light, adj 
gloomy: adv. gloomily: a. gloomi 

GLaRIFY. V. To praise, to honour, 
to extol, pr. par. glorifying; past, 
glorified : s. glorification. 

GLO'RY'. s. Praise paid in adora 
tion ; honour, praise, fame, cehib- 
rity. ^\. glories: y, glory; pr. par. 
glorying; past, gloried: adj. gUh 
rixrus: adv. gloriously: s. frlor^ 

GLOSS. 5. A comment, an explana- 
tion, superficial lustre, a speciouf 
representation, v. gloss; pr. pai 
glossing; p^t, glossed: Sidy glossy 
a. glossiness. 

GLOS'SARY. *. A dictionary of oh 
scure or antiquated words, pi 
glossaries: adj. glossarial: a.glttS' 

GLOSSOG'RAPHER. s. A scholia Jt, 
a commentator, s. glossograjthy^ 
pi. glossographies. 

GL0\ E. 5. a cover for the hai d 
8. glover. 

GLOW. V. To be heated, so as to 
shine without flame ; to exhibit a 
strong bright colour, pr. par. glov 
ing; past, glowed: s. glovo: adv 

GLOWWORM. 5. A small creep 
ing grub, with a luminous tail. 

GLUE. 5. A kind of cement, v.ehit, 
pr. par. giving; past, glued: a 
gluer, glueyness: adj. gluey. 

GLUM. adj. Sullen, stubhonilj 
grave, melancholy, dull. 

GLUT. V. To swallow, to devoor, 
to cloy, to overfill, to load. pr. pai 
glutting; past, glutted : a. glut. 

GLU'TINATE. «. To join with gli'o; 
to cement, pr. par. glvtinating ; 
past, glutinated: a. gluiinaiioti^ 
ghutinosity, pi. glutinosities : adj 
gluttnative, glutinous. 

GLUTTON. *. One who indulg«is 
himsolf too much in eating, t. 
gluttonize; pr. par. glvttonizing ; 
uasl, g(u(((mt2ed .- s. gluttony, p^ 


ghtUonJes: adj. gluttonous: adv. 

GNASH. V. To strike together ; to 
clash; to grind or collide the 
teeth, pr. par. gnashing; past, 

GNAT, s, A small insect. 

GNAW. V. To eat by degrees; to 
wear away by biting; to corrode, 
pr. par. gnaioing; past, gnawed: 
8. gtunoer. 

GNOME. ». A brief reflection, worthy 
to be remembered ; one of those 
invisible people, who are fabled 
to inhabit the inner parts of the 
earth, and to fill it to the centre. 

GNaMON. 5. The hand or pin of a 

GNOMONICS. ». A science which 
teaches to find the just proportion 
of shadows for the construction 
of all kinds of sun and moon dials. 

GNOS'TIC. s. One of a numerous 
sect of christians, of the first cen- 
tury, who pretended to a high de- 
gree of knowledge, and held ex- 
travagant notions of religion. 

GO. V, To proceed, to walk, to move, 
to travel, pr. par. going; past, 
gone: s. goer^ going. 

GOAD. s. A pointed instrument, 
with which oxen are driven for- 
ward. V. goad; pr. par. goading ; 
past, goaded. 

GOAL. *. The landmark set up to 
bound a race ; the point marked 
out to which racers run. 

GOAT. s. A ruminating animal. 

GOATHERD. ». One whose em- 
ploympnt is to tend goats. 

GOB'BET. s. A mouthful ; as much 
as can *v «wallowed at once. 

GOB'BLE. V. To swallow hastily, 
wit** fumult and noise, pr. par. 
gohhiing ; pnst , gobbled : s. gobbler. 

GO-BETWEEN, s. One that trans- 
acts business by running between 
two parties. 

GOB'LET. ». A large cup. 

uOB'LIN. s. .\n evil spirit ; a fright- 
ful phantom. 

GO'-CART. s. A machine in which, 


ciiildren are enclosed, to tear.b 

them to walk. 
GOD. s. The Supreme Beir.g. idj 

godlike^ godly: adv. godlily: s 

godhead^ godliness. 
GOD'CHILD. s. k child for whom a 

person became sponsor at bsiptisin, 

and promised to see educated us 

a christian. 
GOD'DESS. s. A female divinity. pU 

GODFATHER *. A man who acts 

-as sponsor, at baptism. 
GOl^MOTHER. s. A woman who 

acts as sponsor, at baptism. 
GOD'SON. s. A boy for whom a per- 
son has been sponsor at the font 
GOG'GLES. s. Blinds for horses thai 

arc apt to take fright: glasses 

worn to defend the eye from dust* 
GOLD. s. One of the metals, ad/ 

GOLD'BEATER. s. One whose oc- 
cupation is to beat or foliate gold. 
GOLDTLNCH. s. A kind of singing 

bird. pi. gnldjinches. 
GOLD'SMITH. s. One who manu 

factiires gold. 
GONDO'LA. 5. A boat much used in 

Venice; a small boat. 
GONDOLIER, s. One that rows a 

GOVE. Past par. of the v. io go. 
GONG. *. A sonorous instrument., 

of a circular form, made of bram, 

which the Asiatics strike with a 

large wooden mallet. 
GOOD. adj. Not bad, not ill, pr.-»p. 

er, fit, uncnrrupted. s. good^ g'tod- 

ness: adj. goodly: a.dy. good 
GOOD-NATURE. ». Kindiie«»s: ha- 

bittial benevolence, adj. goodna- 

iured: adv. goodnaiuredhf. 
GOODS, s. Moveables in a house, 

GOO'DY. s. A low term of civility, 

used to mean persons, pi. gnoditf. 
GOOSE, s. A large waterfowl; a 

toiler's smoothing-iron. pi. guf^. 
GOOSE'BERRY. s. A kind .f smt.ll 

frtiit. pi. gooseberries. 

goose:c\v. 8. \ «v\\^ T^^x^^Tv, 


^^ORE. s. Blood efTused from the 
oody , blood clotted or congealed. 
V. gc^i pr. par. goria^ ,• past, 
gored, adj! gt)ry. 

GORE. V. To stab, to pierce; to 
pierce with a horn. pr. par. goring; 
past, g-ored. 

G6RGE. 5. The throat, the swallow. 
V. gorre; pr. par. gorging; past, 

GORGEOUS, adj. Fine, splendid, 
showy, raagniticent. adv. gorge-* 
oiisly: s. gorgeousness. 

GOR'GET. ». A piece of armour 
that defends the throat; a small 
convex ornament, gilt or of sil- 
ver, worn by the officers of foot, 
upon their breasts. 

GOR'GON. s. A monster with snaky 
hairs, of which the sight turned 
the beholders to stone, adj. gor- 

greedy eater; a ravenous, luxuri- 
ous feeder, a. gormandize^ gorman- 

GOR'MANDIZE. v. To play the glut- 
ton, pr. par. g'ormartotzm^; past, 

GOS'HAWK. s. A hawk of a large 

GOS'LING. s. A young goose. 

GOSTEL. 5. Glad tidings; the holy 
book of the christian revelation. 

GOS'SAMER. 5. The down of plants; 
the long white cobwebs which fly 
in the air in calm, sunny weather. 

OOS'SIP. s. Mere tattle; trifling 
talk. V. gossip ! pr. par. gossiping ; 
past, gossiped. 

GOSSOON', s. A lad; a low attend- 
ant formr-ly m the wealthy fami- 
lies among the Irish. 

GOT. Pret. and past par. of the v. 
to get. 

GOTH, t One of tne uncivilized 
people, who formerly lived in the 
northern part of Europe; a bar- 
barian, aoj. gothic. 

GOTH'IC s. A kind of architecture. 

aOTTEy. V. One of the past par. 


GOUGE, s. A kind of concave chisel 
V. gouge; pr. par. gouging; past, 

GOU LARD*, s. An infusion of ace 
tate of lead. 

GOURD. 8. A kind of plant. 

GOUR'M AND. s. A glutton ; a greedy 

GOUR'NET. 8. A kind of fish. 

GOUT. 9. A kind of disease attended 
with great pain. adj. gouty: s. gouU 

GOUT. 8. A taste, pronounced goo 

GOVERN. V. To rule, to regulate, 
to direct, pr. par. governing; past, 
governed: a(]y. governahU: s. gov- 
emance^ government^ governor^ 
governess^ pi. governesses^ govern 
ante : adj. governmental. 

GOWLn v. To howl. pr. par. gotol 
if^f past, gowled. 

GOWN. *. A woman's upper gnr 
ment ; a long upper garment, worn 
by persons of tnc learned profes 
sions and by students, adj. goum'd. 

GRAB'BLE. v. To grope; to fne) 
eagerly with the hands, pr. par. 
grabbling; past, grabbled. 

GRACE, s. Favour, kindness, fa- 
vourable influence of God on the 
human mind; pardon; a short 
prayer said before or after meat. 
adj. graceless : adv. gracelessly. 

GRACE. V. To adorn, to dignify, 
to embellish, pr. par. gracing^ 
past, graced: adj. groce/u/; adv. 
gracefully : s. gracejulness. 

GftA'CIOUS. adj. Merciful, benev- 
olent, favourable, adv. gractotw/jf 
s. graciousness. 

GRADATION, s. Regular progre« 
from one degree to apother; order, 

GRADE, s. Rank, degree. 

GRAD'UAL. adj. Proceeding byde- 
grecs ; advancing step by step. ■. 
gradualiiy^ pi. gradualities: adv. 

GRAD'UATE. v. To dignify with a 
degree in the university; to ob* 
tain a degree ; to mark with de 
grees. ^T.'^M.groduatvng; i^su. 


graduated: g. graduate^ gradua-^ 
Hon, I 

GRAFT. V. To insert a cion or' 
branch of one tree into the stock 
of another; to propagate by in- 
sertion or inoculatioiK. pr. par. 
graftingi past^ grafted: B.graJUr. 
GRAIN. 9. A single seed of corn ; 
any minute particle ; a species of 
weight; any thing proverbially 
small ; temper ; disposition, &.c. 
GRAINS, s. The husks of malt ex- 
hausted in brewing. 
GRAMIN'EOUS. adj. Grassy. 
GRAMINI VOROUS. adj. Grass-eat- 
ing; living upon grass. 
GRAM'MAR. s. The science of 
tpeaking correctly ; the book that 
treats of the various relations of 
words to one another, s. gram- 
marian: adj. grainmatical: adv. 
GRAMTUS. s. A kind of large fish. 

pi. grampuses. 
GRAN A'DO. 8. A grenade, pi. gra- 

GRAN'ARY. s. A store-house for 

threshed corn. pi. granaries. 

of mountain stone. 
GRAND, adj. Great, illustrious, 
splendid, magnificent, noble, adv. 
grandly : s. grandness. 
GRAND'CHILD. s. The son or 

daughter of a son or daughter. 
GRAND'DAUGHTER.^.The daugh- 
ter of a son or daughter. 
GRANDEE'. 5. A man of great rank, 

power, or dignity. 
GRAN'DEUR. 5. Magnificence, 

state, splendour of appearance. 
GRANDFATHER s. The father of 

a father or mother. 
GRANDIL'OQUENCE. s. High, lof 
ty, big speaking, adj. grandilo' 
GRANDMOTHER, s. The mother 

of a father or mother. 
GRAND'SIRE. 5. Grandfather; any 

ancestor, poetically. 
GRANDSON, s. The son of a son or 


GRANGE, s. A farm ; generally, ^ 
farm with a house at a distance 
from neighbours ; a granary. 

GRAN'ITE, GRAN'ATE. s. A kind 
of mountain stone. 

GRANI VOROUS. adj. Ealing grain; 
living upongrain. 

GRANT. V. To admit that which is 
not yet proved ; to allow, to yield 
pr. par. granting f past, granted 
B. grant., grantee^ grantor. 

GRAN'ULA TE. v. To be formed 
into small grains, pr. par. granu- 
lating ; past^ granulated: s. gran- 
ulation, granule: ady granulary^ 

GRAPE, s. The fruit of the vine, 
growing in clusters. 

GRAPK'-SHOT. s. A kind of small 
shot, discharged from a cannon. 

Relating to engraving; well de- 
lineated, adv. graphically. 

GRAPNEL, s. A small anchor be- 
longing to a little vessel ; a grap- 
pling iron. 

GRAPPLE. V. To contend by seix 
ing ; to contest in close fight, pr 
par. grappling; past, grappled: a. 

GRASS, s. The common herbage of 
the field, pi. grasses: adj. grassy^ 
grassless: s. grassiness. 

GRASS'HOPPER. s. A small insect. 
GRASS'-PLOT. s. A small, level 

piece of ground, covered with 


GRASP. V. To hold in the haid 
to gripe, to seize, pr. par. grasp 
ing; past, grasped: b. gratp 

GRATE. 8. A partition made with 
bars placed near to are another, 
or crossing each other , the range 
of bars within which fires are 
made, v grate; pr. par. grating, 
past, grated: 9. grating. 

GRATE. V. To rub hard, so as to 
injure or ofiend ; to make a harsh 
noi»c. pr. par. grating; T^a&t^ 
gtated: v graUr ^'i'^ . ^o.V.>'«^x>|« 

(iKA -GRE 

GRATETUL. adj. Having a duF| 
■ense of beneWB; plcuma, di.-l 
Ishifui. adv- grutcfuUi/! a- gmtt-l 

ORATIFICATION. .. The aci of 
litcaeiiigi pleasure; delight; re- 
ward, i.gratifyi pr. par. fiTUii/y-; 
tng; ann^ gratititd; 9, gFaiiner. 

CRATCMJ. >. A parlition made 

GRA'tIs. orfp. For not! 


granted withoat claim M rewan 
adv. ^nkJuitouf^.' a. gratvtty, p 

GBATULATION. i. Salutntioii 
made by eipreanng joy; eipre. 
Sinn nf joy. ii\. griliil'-toYy. 

GRAVK I. A place ii> Die gmnn 

I ma. 


CREAT. b3j. L.irgn in bulk Dr niim 
ber; chiel', pnncipal. ». grtbi, 
ertaltitsi: iuIt. ertaita. 

JREAVt:. J. A groove. 

GRKAVES. 1. Armour far ths legs 

GBCCIAiN. adj. Relating to th . 

country ofGrtece. 
GRLXISM. s. An idiom oflhe Greek 

GEF£:UX.'adj. Ravenous, Toracinui, 
;ager. iii.grrtdilii! t-grecdinas 
IBKK. r-"' " •---' 


'odig; lo cirieafiE-| 

GAAVr. aifr. Solemn, eerions, to. 
bpr. ad', graviln: e. gracily, pi. 

CaAVEuV Hardaanii. v.gTno((;| 
pr.par.gTaDfii'ng; part, graixki'.'i 
adj. gravcUi/. 

OBAVE'.STONE. 3. A alone placed 

ORAV-ITATK v. To tend lo the' 
c^ntrenfnUr.TCtioB. pr.par-grnB.: 
itniiagi ja^graifitaird: a. grav-' 
itntian^ grvvityt pi. gTavifrev. 

fiKAV dJj. White, with a mijlnro' 
of black, aiy. gmyiih.- s. groyj 

GRAZt:. u. To 031 ones: to fepd 

on (triBB : lo touch lighllj-. pr. par.! 

fjnzing; past, yniMd; s. grairr,! 

gratltr, I 

OECASK. ». The so/l pari of Hie 

fat.! pr, pur. gitaafng;' 
fSft, ffreasedr adj- greasy: adv. 
fieajt/y.- a.gnaiina4. \ 

Biij. a. 
a/j. H: 

iiing a colou 

Daly bv 

granmg! past, graned. 
rr™^^"- >■ ej^f^t gratiofss. 

;ree:\C!A'ce. ». a s|wc:« 


g&:evhorn. t. 


house mwhirh 
iheltF^rcd from 

GRffiT. o. To uldreaa at meeting ; 

lo sahilB, pr. psr. grtiting; past. 

p^lrd: B. ertrler. 
nRE'GAL. nfj. Beloneing toaRock 
GREGA'RIAN, m.^. Oflheconiinon 

GREGA'RIOU^nifi, Going ii. Hocki 
— I—""" ->i, grtganotisly,- 1 

GREGORIAN, orfj. Belonging to 

GRENADl-EB. 1. A tall foot-so) 

■ ir, whose duty formerly consist 

ill throwing hand .grenades 

GREW. Preterit of the v. logron 

GREX. adj. Seoi:.»t.i- 


(jREY'HOUND. s. A species of dog, 

fbr thtt chase. 
GRIiyiRON. s. A portable grate, on 

which meat is broiled. 
GRIEF, s. Sorrow, grievaoce, pain. 

GRIEVE. V. To afflict, to hart, to 
lament, pr. par. grieoing; past, 
gritoed: s. griever, grievance : adj. 
grUvotts: adv. grievingly^ griev- 

GRIFTIN, GRIFTON. s. A fabled 
auimal, said to be generated be- 
tween a lion and an eagle. 

GRIG, f . A merry creature ; a small 

GRILLADE. s. Any thing broiled 
on the gridiron. 

CRIM. 4d/. Having a countenance 
of terror; horrible, hideous, ugly, 
adv. grimly: s. gritnness. 

GRIMA'CE. s, A distortion of the 
countenance, from habit, affecta- 
tion, or insolence. 

GRIMAL'KIN. s. The name of a cat. 

GRriViy. adj. Dirty, cloudy. 

GRIi\. V. To set the teeth together, 
and withdraw the lips. pr. par. 
grinning; past, grinned: s. grtn, 
grinner: adv. grinningly. 

GRIND. V. To reduce to powder by 
friction ; to sha-pen or smooth by 
rubbing on something hard. pr. 
par. grindingi past, ground: s. 

GRINDSTONE, s. A stone for sharp- 
eninir edged instruments. 

GRIPE, r. To hold with the fingers 
closed; to seize; to pinch, pr. 
par griping f past, griped: s. 
gripe^ griper: adv. gripingly. 

GRISETTE ». In France, the wife 
or daut^hter of a tradesman. 

GRIS'KIN. ». The vertebraj of a hog. 
GRISXY. adj. Dreadful, hideous, 

ORISONS', s. Inhabitants of the 
mountainous parts of the Alps, in 

GRIST. *. Corp to be ground; sup- 



GRISTLE. 8. A cartilage adj. 

GKIT. s. The coarse part of meal ; 

sand ; rough, hard particles, adj. 

g^tty • 8. grittiness. 
GkIZ'ZLE. s. a mixture of white 

and black; gray. adj. grizzlec^ 

GROAN. V. To breathe with a hoarse 

noise, as in agony or pain. pr. par. 

groaning; ^Sist, groaned: s. groan, 

GROAT. 5. A small piece of money, 

valued at four pence. 
GROATS. 9. Oats that have the 

hulls taken off. 
GRaCER. s. One who sells tea, 

sugar, wine, &,c. s. groceiy^ pL 

GROG. s. Gin and water, or any 

spirit and water, adj. groggy. 
GROIN, s. The part next above the 

GROOM. 5. A boy, a waiter, a ser- 
vant ; a man newly married. 
GROOVE. V. To cut hollow, pr. par. 

grooving; past, grooved: s. groove^ 

GROPE. V. To feel where one can- 
not see. pr. par. groping; past, 

groped: s. groper. 
GROSS, orf;. Thick, bulky, shamo 

ful, enormous, impure, inelegant 

s. grosSy grossness : ti^v. grossly. 
GROT, GROTTO, s. A cave; 

cavern for coolness and pleasure* 
GROTESQUE, adj. Of a distorted 

figure ; unnatural, adv. grotesquely. 
GROUND. 5. The earth, land, coun- 
try, region, foundation, v. ground, 

pr. par. grounding; past, groum/- 

GROUNiy-FLOOR. s. The lower 

part of a house. 
GROUNiy-PLOT. s. The ground oo 

which any building is placed. 
GROUND-RENT. s. Rent paid 0»r 

the privilege of building on aa 

other man's ground. 
GROUNDLESS, adj. Void of rea 

son ; wanting ^gf<N\Jwd. ^d'H . ^;r«M."ftAr 
\ lessb| : B. gmrusalU^satM. 

0ROUN|yi,!NG. t. A fi«h wW 

'leeiitBt the botLomorihe wbIi 

— lienre, one of the iulg=r, 
GROOMff WORK. I. The fi.rt iti 

tUDi ; Ufit ptiuciple; the lint p; 

of no undcrlikLng. 
GROm\ t. A ctuiter. ■ colleclli 

■ number thronged together. 

groa/ii pr, pai. graapnigi pn 

GROUSE. .. A Itind or fowl; 

UBOUT. I. Coarae mrali [wllnrd; 

nerj Ihin, coarie mgrHr. y.gravt. 

pr. pnr. grmilinj-i' put, grotittd. 
GROVE, d. A small wood or plai^o, 

act with treei. 
GROVEL, w. To lie prone; lo crePr 

liiw on Ihs ground; %a be mean. 

pr, pnr. rrnneling; put, gratiilcd: 

GRoV s. To vegetate; to increase 
bj YPBCtation. pr- par. groimngi 

«aM,gTD)ni.- t.griver. 
□ WL r To snarl like an ftngrj' 

par. grnWing-; p»il, gnnotcd: 
EmiCT, grmBlrr. 
C ftOWTll. J. VegcUtion ; vegetable 

ORUB. B, Todig! tn ronl out ofihe 
f round, pr. par. grabbing,- post, 

Smbbtd: 1. rruA, grvbher. 
UB. i. A kindnf sniall norm. 
GRUDGK. b, Tn enuy; to give or 
tnkc unwillingly, pr. par, f^ruJg- 
inf.- past, gnijged: a. grvilge, 
rruJgtr, grudging: adl. gmdgr- 

URtTEI. t. Food n.bde bj boiling 

(jRUFF. adj. nr w>ur aipncl; of 
hinh nmiincre. adi- graffly; a. 

GRUM. nrfj. Sour, surly, severe, adv. 

ilUVM'BLE. 0, To mirrmiir with 
ili.'rnnli-nt : tn prowl, pr. pai. 
^rvn&/iflg-; past, grurnblid: a. 

GRDNT. n. 1 


_■; ndv. gnmliasiy. 

GRVPHON. a. See Gnnos. 

GUA-IACUM, J. A ipudkinalvmid. 

GUARANTEE'. : A pe-ma ^hojiil 
deriakei to <,ee Fiipo'^iioas per- 
formed. V. gvwTtn/sl; pr, par. 
guttrantaii£i ypt*,guartmteaL 
lUARD, V. 'fn WLiEh by way of de- 
fence or wnnriTy; to prntKCl ; ta 
defend, pr. par. gviirding; past, 

guard/vL, ipierjiiut: adv, gtiard 

;UA>_'nANT. Bdj, Exercising ihl 
Bulhoiilyof a euardian; (in liei- 
nidry) having the facn turned to 

GUARDIAN. I. One' that liai tlia 
e of bB orphan; *ne to whom 
care and prenvvntifln of ajij 

:UESS. B. To conjccli.rc; to jodira 
without any cprlain principfea of 
judgment, pr. par. guasiitgi past 
giiisud: t.giiaa, nl gaasa,giita 
rr.- ail. gMOaingly. 

Gl/EST. 1. One entrrtalned tn IM 
houtn-, nr at the table of another. 

GlIG'OLE, T. To miind as wBl»t 
ninning with intormimlnna oiit of 
a nnrmw-mouthcd vei«i'l, pf. par. 
piceling; past, gvgglti. 

GUIDE. D, Todlrect, lo InHuelce.ln 
initrocl. pr, par. ^ding; past, . 
adj, gvidiibU, gvideteaa. 

GOItD, J. A society, s corpnratinn, 
1 & traVcrnrt.Y.nUiwn-'m.W. 


GUILDHALL', s. The hall in which 
a corporation usually assembles ; 
a town-hall. 

GUIL£. s. Deceitful cunning; insid- 
ioas artifice, adj. etUUftu^ guile- 
less: adv. gwl^fuUy: s. guileftU- 
ness^ tntUeUssness. 

GUILLOTrNE. s. A machine for 
separating the head from the body 
at one stroke, v. guillotine; pr. 
par. guillotining; past, guillotined 

GUILT, t. Crime, offence, sin. adj 
guilty f guiltless: adv. guiltily^ 
guiUlessly: s. guiltiness^ guiltless 

GUIN'EA. t. A country in Africa; a 
gold coin, value 21 shillings ster- 

GUISEl s. Manner, mien, habit 

GUITAR'. s!'A stringed musical in- 

GULF. s. A bay; an opening into 

GULL. s. A cheat, a fraud, a trick, 
a kind of sea-bird. v. gull ; pr. par. 
guUing; yiKsiy gulled : b. guUer. 

GULLET. *. The throat ; the oBsoph- 

GULP. t;. To swallow eagerly, pr. 

par. gulping; past, gulp^t: 9. gulp. 

GULPH. s. See Gulf. 

GUM. s. A fflutinoiis vegetable sb'n- 
stance; the fleshy ctTvering that 
contains the teeth, adj. gummy 
B. gummiruss^ gummostty^ pi. gum- 

GUN. 5. The general name for fire- 
arms. V. gun; pr. par. gunning ; 
past, gunned : s. guntur^ gunnery^ 
pi. gunneries. 

GUN'NEL. s. See Gunwale. 

GUN'POWDER. s. The powder put 
into eiins to be fired. 

GUN'ROOM. s. The place, on board 
a ship, where arms are deposited. 

nUxVSHOT. s. The reach or ranpe 
of a gun ; the distance to which 
a shot can be thrown; shot dis- 
charged from a gun. 


GUN'SMITH. s. A man whose traaii 

is to make guns. 

piece of timber which reaches on 

each side of a ship, from the lial*- 

deck to the forecastle. 
GUR'GLE. V. To fall or gush with 

noise, as water from a bottle, pr. 

par. gurgling; past, gurgled. 
GURNET. *. A kind of fisn. 
GUSH. V. To flow or rush out with 

violence, pr. par. gushing; past, 

gushed: s. gush. 
GUS'SET. s. An angular piece ot 

cloth, sewn at the upper end of 

the sleeve of a shirt or shifl. 
GUST. s. Sense of tasting; height 

of perception; a sudden, violent 

blast of wind. adj. guvty. 
GUT. s. The stomach; the recep- 
tacle of food. V. gut ; pr. par. gut' 

ting: past, gutted. 
GUTTER, s. A passage for water; 

a small longitudinal noUow. 
GUTTLE. V. To feed luxuriously; 

to gormandize, pr. par. guttling , 

^ast, guttled : s. guttler. 
T'TURAL. adj. Pronounced in 
the throat; belongingto the throat. 

GUZ*ZLE, V. To gormandize; to 
swallow any liquor greedily, pr. 
par. guzzling; past, guzzled: s. 

GYMNA'SIUM. s. Formerly a place 
for athletic exercises; any place 
of exercise, ady gymnastic : adv. 

GYMOS'OPHIST. 8. One of a sect 
of Indian philosophers, who wert 

GYPSUM. *. The name of a clast 
of fossils; the plaster-stone, call- 
ed, bv chymisls, sulphate of lime. 

GYPSY. 5. See Gipsy. 

GYRATION. 5. The act of turning 
anv thing about; one revolution. 

GYRE. '5. A circle described by any 
thing moving in an orbit. 

GY'ROMANCY. s. A sort of divina- 
tion, performed by walkine. 




HA. m<. An expression of wonder, 

or surprise. 
HAB'EkDASHER. s. One who sells 

small wares, s. haberdashery^ pi. 

HABERGEON, s. Armour to cover 

the nenk and breast. 
HABILIMENT, t. Dress, clothes, 

BIT. *. State of any things— as 
a habit of body ; dress ; accoutre- 
ment ; effect of custom, v. habit ; 
pr. par. habiting; past, habited. 

HABITATION, s. Place of abode ; 
dwelling, adj. habUable. 

HABITUATE, v. To accustom ; to 
use one*s self by frequent repeti 
tion. pr. par. habituating; past, 
habiitiated: adj. habitual: adv.Aa 

HAB'ITUDE. s. Relation, respect, 
familiarity, long custom. 

HACK. V. To cut into small pieces ; 

' to chop. pr. par. hacking; past, 

hacked : s. hack. 

HACK, HACK'NEY. s. A horse let 
out for hire. v. hack; pr. par 
hacking; past, hacked, 

HACK'LE. V. To dress flax ; to sep- 
arate; to tear asunder, pr. par 
hackling; past, AacA;(ec2 .• u, hackle. 

HACK'LE. s. A fly for angling. 

HACK'NEY. s. A hired horse ; a 
horse for common use. v. hack 
ney; pr. par. hackneying; past, 

HAD. Pret. and pa«»t par. of the v. 
to have. 

HAiyDOCK. s. A kind of fish. 

HAFT. 5. A handle; that part of 
an instrument that is taken into 
the hand. v. /io/7; pr. par. hafUng; 
prist, hajted : s. hafier. 

HACf. 5. A witch ; an enchantress ; 

HAGGARD, adj. Wild, lean, rug- 
ged, adv. haggardly: s. haggant- 
aAG'GARD, X A stack-yard. 

HAG'GESS. «. A mass of meat. 

generally pork chopped, and en 

closed in a membrane, pi. hag 

HAG'GLE. V. To cut, to chop, to 

mangle, pr. par. haggling; past. 

haggled: s. haggler. 

HAGlbGHAPHER. s. A holy wri- 

HAIL. t. Drops of rain, frozen in 
their falling, v. hail; pr. par. hail 
ing; past, hailed: a. hailstone. 

HAIL. int. A term of salutation, v. 
hail; pr. par. hailing; past, hailed. 

HAIR. s. One of the common tegu* 
ments; a single hair. adj. /uitry, 
hairless: s. ha*riness. 

HAIR'BRAINED. adJ.^WM, irreg- 
ular, unsteady. 

[HAIR'BREADTH. t. A very small 
distance ; the diameter of a hair. 

HAIRCLOTH, s. Stuff made of hair. 

HAKE. s. A kind offish. 

HAL'BERD, HAL'BERT. s. A bat- 
tle-axe, fixed to a long pole. s. 

HAL'CYON. adj. Placid, quiet, 

HALE. adj. Healthy, sound, hearty, 

HALF. s. A moiety ; an equal part, 
pi. haloes: adv. ha\f. 

HALF-BLOOiy. s. A person of the 

hnlf-blood, is one not born of the 

same father and mother. 
HALF-MOON', s. 'I'he moon in its 

appearance, when at half increase, 

or decrease. 

HALF'PENNY. s. A copper coin 
pi. halfpence^ Jialfpennies. 

HALF-SEAS-OVER. adj. A provcr- 
bial expression for any one far ad- 
vanced ; commonly used for one 
half drunk. 

HALF-SIGHT'ED. adj. Seeing im 

HALF -WAV. adv. In the middle 


HALF-WiTTED urfj. lmp«feclly 

furniahed with oieWt. 
HALI8UT. J. Aidrtoriish. 
HALL, I. A OTurt of jujiiue; i 

public room or I surporation ; i 

HALLELU'J AH, i, AwnijurUnml 

HALLOO', inl. A viord of er 
agement, when duga are let 
li thoir gaiHf^. V, hailooi p: 

.„ hi nder prpE.. ^ — „. 

noal, Ao/fudiutfw.' >. Juii/ucinalion, 
IIA'LO. I. A Jed circle round ilii 

HALT. B. To limp, to hoaitale, li 
filler, pr. par. hatlaig; past 
haitid: adi. AoU: i. hall, kaltcr 
ailu. kidilnglj/. 

HALTER. I. A rope to hang male 

haUtrhigf paet, luiUtreJ. 
MVLVE. D. To divide into twi 
pLirl9. pr. par. Aolainf ,' p:ist,/iafTT 

HAM. 9. The hip ; Ibe thigh of i 


■wcHid-nvmphB , ... , 

were CuignsA la live and die wiih 
the irces to which Ihev wi 
H kWATED.adj. Hooted ; so 

HAMES. I. The collar hy w 

hor.^ diawi. 
HAM'LET. (. A mull villag 
HANfMEh. ). An intlrunn 

hJxnmiriiigi paal, kaavntt 

.r tjioM 


lUM'MWIK. (. A iwinglng <<mL 
HAVITER. I. A lain baakcl. 
HAM'PER. 0. To (hackle, lo enUn 
gld, lo enaaare, to oom«licale, m 

rjr- kamfienng f paBt, hajaperaL 
M'STRING. I. The leodon of 
the ham. v. hnnulring; pr. ]jal 
hfunnlrinffing; past, banufnuig 

^ers; a palm. V. hand; pr. paf' 
handing; pnal, AoTM^frL 
HaND-.BARROW. *. A iVame nO 
which nay thing ia carried by tin 
liaada, withoui nvhneling on the 

HANDCUFF. 4. A manaclB; a fet- 
ter for the wrjsl. i. haailcaff'; ]>i. 
psr. hamkujing; past, handciiff- 

HAWFtlL. I. Aa much a> Ihe hand 

HAZJCXGALLOP. t. A .low, easy 

hSnD-GRENA'DE-i. SoBGRe,%.iDo 
nnd CiRo.ib)'.. 

HAMyiCRAFT. J. Manual nccu- 
palion t g man vrho lives by min- 
imi labour. E. Iian^trnflenvii. 

HAMJ'RERCHIEF. t. A piece at 
cloth, used to ■wlpa the face, or 
envec the neck. ' 

HANirLE. o. To touch; to feel 

Ota. hKuOba; pait, handled: t. 

ftoTVltr ! ad|. handUs9^ 
HXfiOMhltl. 1 A maid that waita 

■t hand. 

the hand. 
HANiySAW. I. A taw manaaed hr 
the hand. 

HAXir.SEL. I. The first aniofuiing 

anything: the first act of Rile. V. 
AandfEl; pr. par. handsdinfg; pDBl, 
HAHiXSOME.ndy.Bwiutifiil, Bnww- 
fill, elegoilt. adv. Aonininefy: c 


IIANiywniTlNG. >, A cast or rorni 

or writing peculiiir to each hind ; 

HANIfY. adj. Ready, dfiitrous, ikil- 

CuL nAv. handiljf: 1- handinat. 
UANffYWORK. I. Work or the 

HANG. V. To suspend ; lo ftiten in 

:nnt below, but sbove. pr. par. 
hanging; post, hvng; ^ hangtr^ 
HAKG'E^. a. A ihort curved awanl; 

HANGIUAN. I. A public eieeu- 

lioncr. pi- Jumrmen^ 
HANK. t. A ■ikem of Ihreod, s tin. 

T. Ann* ; pr. par. lumkiitg i past, 

HANK'EK. V. To long impnnunuU- 
ly. nr.piit: haHkcrins; yael,\ank- 

HANSEATIC, adj. ReUting lo the 

HAP. J. Chanre, fbrtune. leeid^nt, 
HAf LESS. adi. Uohappj, unfoitu- 

nate, luckless. 
HAP'LV, orfD. Perhapi, peradTeo- 

ture, bj- chance. 
HAP-PES. cTo chance; 10 come 

to pOHa. pr. par. hopptning; past. 

HAI-pViaJj. Ins 
lucky; auecBisfi. 

I. happily, 

ulor oralioii. t. Aaranjrue; pr.par, 
Aamngving' ,- past, haraT^gutd: i. 

HARA^"o. To weary, lo foliKUe. 
pr- par. tmraaing; past, fciroaiBt,- 

HAR'BINGOL i. A forerunner, a 

II^IfBOUR. 1. A lodging; ■ place 

4r abippiag. r. Aarimtr; pr. pu. 

HARD. 0,;,. Firm ; rEmiting peno- 
lon ur Beparalion; UiOiculL 

. hardening; pait, hariUntd; a. 

HABUEARNED. ajj. Earned irhh 


HARD'Fl'sTED. "dj. Coveloo., 

HARCrOCGHT. adj. VcbenicBlly 

HARffGOfTEN, «Ij. ObU inert bj 

HARD-IMOOD. i. StoulDEii, bnie 
HARiyLA&OURCD. -^j- Elaborate, 

HARITMbUTHED. mij. Disobedi 
enl lo therein; not sentible oC 
the bit. 

HARD'SHIP. I. Injury, oppreaaion, 

HaR&WARE. j. ManufaEtnrea of 

HARU'Y. adj. Bold, brave, (lout, 

darlaig, strong, a. hardirwss. 
HARK. 1. A kind of email qnsdra- 

HaRE-RELL s. a sppciesor flower 
llAR{.'liRA[NED.<»f>.VolaiilH, ua 

Bfilled, wild. 
HAKE'LU*. l.A fisture Tn Ihe np 

ni-r lip, ndj- hmrrtipprd- 
HAk'ICOT. 1, A kind of ragtut 

HAR-IER. I. A dog for faanliiw 

plaji tricki lo diveil the poptt- 

AR'LOT. J. A whnre, a rttumpel, 
a base person. ■. fuirlofTy, pi. knr- 

HARM.' I. Injury, crime, miKhief 

HAR— HAJ5 4 

detriment, adj. ham\fuly harmless: 
adv. harn\fuUy^ harmUasly: s. 

Relating to music ; concordant ; 
muaical. adv. harmonioaUy. 

HAR'MONY. s. The just adaption 
of one part to another ; musical 
concord ; concord, pi. harmonies: 
V. harmonize; pr. par. harmjoniz- 
ingi past, harmonized: s. harmon- 
istf harmonizer^ harmoniousness : 
adj. harmonious: adv. harmoni- 

HAR'NESS. s. Armour; the traces 
6lc. of draught horses, v. harness; 
pr. par. harnessing ; past, harness- 
ed: s. hamesser. 

HARP. s. A kind of stringed musical 
instrument, v. harp; pr. par. harp- 
ing; past, harped: s. harper. 

HARPOON', s. A harping iron, used 
in whalefishing. s. karpooner^ har- 

HARPSICHORD, t. A kind of mu- 
sical instrument. 

HAR'PY. s. A fabled bird. pi. har- 

HAR'RIDAN. s. A decayed strum- 
pet. 4 

HAR'ROW. s. An instrument used 
for fitting the ground for seed, and 
then covering the seed. v. harrow; 
pr. par. harrowing; papt, harrow- 
ed: 8. harrotoer. 

HAR'RY. V. To teaze, to ruffle : in 
Scotland, it signifies to plunder, 
pr. par. harrying ; past, harried. 

HARSH, adj. Austere, rough, un- 
pleasing. adv. harshly: s. harsh- 

HART. s. A male deer. 

HARTS'HORN. *. A drug made of 
the horns of the deer. 

HARVEST, s. The season of reap- 
ing, and gathering in grain, v. 
harvest; pr. par. harvesting; past, 
harvested: a harvester. 

HAS. «. The third person sing, of 
the v. have. 

HASH.. V. To mince ; to chop into 


small pieces, pr. par. hashing 
past, hashed: s. Aoaa, pi. hashes. 

HAS'LET. s. The heart, liver, and 
lights, of a hog, with the wind- 
pipe, &.C. 

HASP. s. A clasp folded over a sta- 
ple, y.hasp; pr. par. hasping; past, 

HAST. V. The second person sing, 
of the V. have. 

HASTE, s. Hurry, speed, nimbien 
ness, precipitation, y. haste, hasten 
pr. par. hastine, hastening; past, 
nasted, hastens: s. hastener, hasti- 
ness: Rdj.liasiy: adv. hastily. 

HAT. s. A cover for the head, adj 

HAT'BAND. s. A string tied round 
a hat. 

HATCH, t;. To produce young from 
eggs ; to quicken the egg, by in- 
cubation, pr. par. Jiaiching ; paet, 
hatched: s. hatcher. 

HATCH'ES. s. The doors or open 
ings in the deck of a ship. 

HATCH'ET. s. A small axe. 

HATCH'MENT.»5. An armorial es- 
cutcheon, exhibited on the hearse 
at funerals, and sometimes hung 
up in churches. 

HATCH'WAY. s. The way over or 
through the hatches. 

HATE. V. To detest, to abhor, t 
abominate, pr. par. hating; past, 
hated: s. hate, hater: adj. /lateJ'tU. 
adv. hattfully : s. hatefulness. 

HATRED, s. Hate, ill-will, malig- 
nity, abhorrence. 

HATTER, s. A manufacturer of 

HAU'BERK. *. A coat of mail with- 
out sleeves. 

HAUGH. *. A little meadow lying 
in a valley. 

HAUGHTY, adi. Proud, insolent, 
arrogant, adv. haughtily: s. haugli- 

HAUL. V. To pull, to draw, to drag 
by violence, pr. panAait/tfig*; past, 
hauled: s. hatd. 

HAUNCH. 8. *t\v^ \V\^^^<e.>iK^ 

\ the T^tiT. \\. IvautvtVw. 


HAUiNT. V. To frequent; to be 
much about any place or person, 
pr. par. haunting f past, havr^ed: 
8. haunty haunter. 

HAUTBOY, s. A kind of wind in- 
strument, pronounced ho' -boy. 

HAUTETUR. *. Fride, insolence, 

HAUTGOUT. s. Any thing with a 
strong relish, or with a strong 
scent, pronounced ho-goo'. 

HAVE. t;. To possess, pr. par. hav- 
ing; past, had. 

H V VEN. a. A port ; a harbour ; a 
station for ships ; a shelter. 

HAV ERSACK. s. A kind of coarse 
bag, in which soldiers carry pro- 

HAVOC, s. Waste; wide and gen- 
eral devastation. 

HAW. s. The seed of the hawthorn ; 
a hedge, or any enclosure. 

HAWHAW. s. A defence or bank 
that interrupts an alley or walk, 
sunk between two slopes, and not 
perceived till approached. 

HAWK. s. A bird o^ prey. v. hawk; 
pr. par. hawking; past, hawked: 
s. hawker^ hawking. 

HAWSER, s. See Halser. 

HAWTHORN, s. A thorn that bears 

HAY. s. Grass dried to fodder cattle 
in winter, s. haystack. 

HAY'MaKER. s. One employed in 
drying grass for hay. 

HAZ'AKD. s. Chance, accident, dan- 
ger. V. hazard; pr. par. hazarding ; 
part, liazarded: adj. hazardous: 
adv. hazardously. 

H \ZE. s. Fog, mist. adj. hazy : s. 

HA'ZEL. s. The nut-tree. 

HA'ZEL. adj. Light brown. 

H E. pron. The man that was named 
before ; the person ; male. 

HEAD. s. The uart of the animal 
that coniains the brain, or the or- 
gan of sensation or thought; a 
chief; aprincipal person, adj. Ae(u2, 
headed^ headless : v. haid; pr. par. 

Aeadinff; paatj beaded: s. header. | 


HEAiyACttE. s. Pain in the nead. 
HEAIXBAND. s. A fillet for th«i 

head ; a topknot. 
HEAiyBOROUGH. s. A constable; 

a subordinate constable. 
HEAiyDRESS. s. The covering of a 

woman's head. pi. head-dresses, 
HEAiyiNESS. s. Hurry, rashness, 

precipitation, adj. heady. 
HEAEKLONG. adj. Steep, precipi 

tons, rash, sudden, adv. headlong. 
HEAEKPIECE. 5. Armour for tlie 

head ; a helmet. 
HEADQUARTERS, s. The place 

of general rendezvous, or lodgment 

for soldiers. 
HEAiySTALL. s. Part of a bridle 

that covers the head. 
HEAD'STOiNE. s. I'he first or capi- 

tal stone ; a grave-stone. 
HEADSTRONG, adj. Unrestrain.jd, 

violent, ungovernable. 
HEAD'WAY. s. The motion of ad- 

vancing at sea. 
HEADT. adj. Rash, precipitate, 

HEAL. V. To ciire ; to restore from 

hurt or sickness ; to cicatrize, pr. 

par. healing; pt*%t^?iealed:s. heaur, 

healing: adj. healable. 
HEALTH, s. Freedom from bodily 

ttain or sickness ; purity, adj. 

nealihy^ healthful: s. healthjul" 

nessy healthiness. 
HEAP. s. A pile, an accumnlati< n, 

cluster, v. heap ; pr. par. heapit^g. 

past, heaped: s. heaper. 
HEAR. V. To enjoy the sense by 

which sounds are distinguished ; 

to listen, pr. par. hearing; past, 

heard: s. Iiearer^ hearing. 
HEARD. The pret. of the v. to heax . 
HEARRTN. v. To listen, to attend. 

pr. par. hearkening; past, henri 

ened: s. hearkener. 
HEAR'SAY. s. Report, rumour. 
HEARSE, s. A carriage in which the 

dead ai^ conveyed to the grave. 
HEART, s. That part of an animal 

which is considered as the source 

of vital motion; the innor p.irt 

of any thing; courage; sHrit. r 


KemrUn,' pr. par. Aeartemng*; past, 
k eartentd: s. htartener, 

HEARTBURN, s. Pain proceeding 
Irom an acrid humour in the stom- 
ach. 8. heart-lmming. 

HEARTFELT, adj. Felt in the con- 

HEARTH, s. The pavement of a 
room, on which a nre is made. 

HEARTLESS, adj. Without cour- 
age, spiritless, adv. heartlessly : s. 

HEARTY, adj. Sincere, warm, zeal- 
ous; in full health ; vigorous, adv. 
heartily : s. heartiness. 

HEAT. s. The sensation caused by 
the approach or touch of fire ; the 
cause of the sensation of burning ; 
agitation of sudden or violent pas- 
sion. V. heat; pr. par. heaitng; 
pan, heated: s. heater, 

HEATH, s. A shrub of low stature; 
a place overgrown with heath, adj. 

HEATHEN, s. A eentile, a pagan, 
adj. heathen^ heathenish: adv. hea- 
thtnishly: s. heatheniskness^ fua- 

HEATHER s. Heath. 

HEAVE. V. To lift; to raise from 
the ground; to carry; to puff. pr. 
par. Aeaoing-; past, heaved: s. heave^ 
heaver^ heaving. 

HEAVEN. 8. The regions above; the 
expanse of the sky. adj. and adv. 
heavenly: s. heavenliness. 

HEAVY, adj. Weighty, ponderous, 
sorrowful, grievous, com. heavier; 
sup. heaviest: adv. heavily: s. heav- 

RY. ad' \VeeKly. 

HEBRAfSM. s. A Hebrew idiom, 
s. Hebraist. 

HEBREW, s. An Israelite ; one of 
the children of Israel; the Hebrew 
toni^ue. adj. Hebrew. 

HEBRliyiA^r. adj. Respecting the 
Western Islands of Scotland. 

HECATOMB, t. A sacrifice of a 
hnndred cattle. 



ual, constitutional, s. hectic: adv 
HECTOR s. A bully ; a blustering, 
turbulent, noisy fellow, v. Aedkir 
pr. par. hectoring; past, hectored. 

HEDGE s. A fence made round 
grounds or a garden, v. hedge, 
pr. par. hedging; past, hedged s. 

HEDGE-HOG. s. An animal sot with 

HEED. v. To mind, to regard, to 
attend, pr. par. heeding; past, 
heeded: B.heed: adj. heeilfvL, hesd- 
less: adv. heedfuUy^ he^essly s. 
fuedftUnesSf heedlessness. 

HEEL. s. The part of the foot that 

n'ects behind, v. heel; pr. par 
'ng; past, heded. 

HEGI'RA. s. A term in chronology, 
signifying the epoch, or account 
of time, used by the Arabians, 
who begin from the day that Ma- 
homet was forced to make hi« 
escape from Mecca, July 16, A. D. 

HEIF'ER. t. A voung cow, that has 
not had a calf. 

HEIGH-HO. int. An expression o. 
slight languor and uneasiness. 

HEIGHT, s. Elevation above the 
ground ; altitude ; summit ; space 
measured upwards, v. heighten, 
pr. par. heightemt^; past, height- 

HEI'NOUS. adj. Atrocious; wicked 
in a high decree, adv. heinously: 
R. ''.ssiunistuss. 

HEIR. s. One who inherits after the 
present possessor, adj. heirless, 

HEIR'ESS. s. A woman who inher- 
its, pi. heiresses. 

HEIRliOOM. s. Any furniture or 
movable, that descends by inherit- 
ance, and is therefore inseparable 
from the freehold. 

HELD. Pret. and past par. of thit t . 
to hold. 

HELIOCEN'TRIC. adj. The helio- 
centric ^lace of a ^\^ \% wAmqi 
be sucYi M \x. ^o>3\^ ^\siv««t v^ >aA 



from the BU^,ifour eye were fixed 
in its centre. 

HELIOM'ETER. s. An instrument 
for measuring the diameters of* the 
sun and moon. 

HETJOSCOPE. t. A sort of tele- 
scope, fitted so as to look on the 
body of the sun, without ofience 
to the eyes. 

HELIOTROPE, s. A plant that turns 
towards the sun. 

HELL. 5. The place of the devil and 
wicked souls, adj. hellish: adv. 
hellishly: s. hellishness. 

HEL'LEBORE. «. Christmas flower. 

HELLENIC, adj. Grecian, s. Hel- 
lenism^ Hellenist. 

HELM. s. A covering for the head 
in war ; a rudder. 

HELMET, s. A helm ; a headpiece, 
adj. helmeted. 

HELMS'MAN. s. He who manages 
the rudder of a vessel. 

HEL'OT. *. A slave. 

HELP. V. To assist, to support, to 
aid, to remedy, pr. par. helping; 
past, helped: s. help^ helper ^ help- 
lessness: adj. helpjuly helpless: adv. 

HELPMATE, s. A companion ; an 

HELTER-SKEL'TER adv. In a hur- 
ry ; without order ; tumuituously. 

HEM. s. The edge of a garment, 
doubled and sewed, to keep the 
threads from spreading ; the noise 
uttered by a sudden and violent 
expiration of the breath, v. hemy 
pr. par. hemming; past, hemmed. 

HEM'L s. A word oflen used in 
composition, signifying half. 

HEM'ICYCLE. s. A half round. 

HEMISPHERE, s. The half of a 
globe, when it is supposed to be 
cut through its centre, m the plane 
of one of its greatest circles, adj. 
hemispheric^ hemispherical. 

a verse 

HEMXOCR 8. A species of herb. 
flEMVRRHAGE. s. A violent flux 

of blood. 


HEM'ORRHOIDS. s. The piles, the 

HEMP. s. A fibrous plant, of whir h 
coarse linen and ropes are made, 
adj. hempen, 

HEN. 8. The female of a house 
cock ; the female of any land- 

HENCE, adv. and int. From this 
place to another ; away to a dis- 
tance ; from this time ; in the fu- 
ture ; for this reason. 

HENCEFORTH, adv. From this 
time forward. 

HENCEFOR' WARD. adv. From thiP 
time to futurity. 

HENCH'MAN. s. A page, an attend 
ant. pi. henchmen. 

HEN'-COOP. 8. A cage in which 
poultry are kept. 

HEN'-PECKED. adj. Governed by 
the wife. 

longing to the liver. 

HEPTACHORD, s. Anciently, a 
musical instrument of seven 

HEPTAGON, s. A figure with seven 
sides or angles, adv. heptagonaL 

HEPTARCHY, s. A sevenfold gov. 
ernment. pi. heptarchies. 

HER. pron. Belonging to a female 
of a woman ; the objective case of 
she. emphatic pron. herself. 

HER'ALD. s. A precursor, a fore- 
runner, a public messenger, a pio- 
claimer ; one who registers gene 
alogies. s. heraldry^ pi. heraMrus: 
adi. heraldic. 

HEKB. s. Plants whose stalkg are 
sofl, and have nothing woody in 
them. 8. herbage^ herbist: adj. 

HERBA'CEOUS. adj. Belonging to 
herbs ; feeding on vegetables. 

HER'BAL. 8. A t>ook containijig the 
names and description of plants. 

HERBES'CENT. adj. Growing into 

HERCU'LEAN. adj. Of extraordi- 
nary strength, like Hercules, large; 


HERD. 5. A number of beasts to- 
gether; a keeper of cattle, v. 
herdi pr..par. herding ; past, herd- 

HERDS'MAN. s. One employed in 
tending herds, pi. herdsmen. 

HERE. adv. In this place; in the 

f resent state. 
RE'ABOUTS. ado. About this 

HEREAFTER, adv. In time to 
come ; in futurity, s. hereafter. 

HEREAT. adv. At this. 

HEREBY', adv. By this. 

HEREiyiTARY. adj. Possessed or 
claimed by right of inheritance; 
descending by inheritance, adv. 
herediiarUy: adj. hereditabU. 

HEREIxY. adv. In this. 

HEREIiNTa. adv. Into this. 

HEREOF, adv. From this; of this. 

HEREON', adv. Upon this. 

HliREOUT. adv. Out of this place. 

HER'EMITE. s. A hermit, adj. her- 

HERE'SIARCH. s. A leader in her- 

HER'ESY. s. An opinion different 
rom that of the catholic church, 
ol. heresies. 

HER'ETIC. s. One charged with 
•leresy. adj. heretical: adv. herett- 

HERETO*, adv. To this ; add to this. 

HERETOFORE, adv. Formerly, an- 

HEREUNTa. adv. To this. 

HtREUPON'. adv. Upon this. 

HEREWITH', adv. With this. 

HER'IOT. s. A fine paid to the lord 
at the death of a landholder. 

HER'ITABLE. ad-'. Capable to in- 
herit ; whatever may be inherited. 

HERITAGE, s. Inheritance; estate 
devolved by succession. j 

HERM VPHRODITE. s. An animal 
uniting two sexes. 

Chvmical. adv. hermeticcUly. 

HER'MIT. s. An anchoret ; one^who 
iT:tires from society, to contempla- 


tion or devotion, adj. hermiiieat 
8. hermitage. 

HER'NIA. 8. Any kind of rupture. 

HE'RO. s. A man eminent for bra 
very. pi. heroes: adj. heroic^ hero- 
ical: adv. heroically: s. heroism * 
8. fem. heroine. 

HERO'IC. s. An heroic verse con- 
sists, in our poetiy, often feet. 

HERON. 5. A kind of bird that preys 
upon fish ; a crane, s. heronry^ pi, 

HER'PES. s. A cutaneous inflam- 
mation, adj. herpetic. 

HER'RING. s. A small fish. 

HES'lTANCY. s. Dubiousness, un- 
certainty, suspense, pi. hesilan- 

HES'ITA'i'E. V. To be doubtful ; to 
delay ; to pause, pr. par. hesitat- 
ing; past, hesitated: s. hesitation. 

HET'EROCLITE. s. Such nouns as 
vary from the common forms of 

HETERODOX, adj. Deviating from 
the established opinion; not or* 
thodox. 8. heterodoxy^ pi. hetero- 

GE'NEAL. adj. Not of the same 
kind ; dissimilar, s. heterogeneity, 
pi. heterogeneities^ heterogeneous- 

HEW. V. To cut, by blows, with an 
edged instrument ; to chop ; to 
cut. pr. par. Actotng*; p&st^ hewed: 
s. hewer. 

HEX'ACHORD. s. A concord, com- 
monly called a sixth. 

HEX'AEDRON. s. A cube. 

HEX'AGON. s. A figure of six sides 
or angles, adj. hexagonal. 

HEXAM'ETER. s. A verse of six 
feet. adj. hexameter, hexametric, 

HEXANG'ULAR. adj. Having six 

HEX'APOD. 8. An animal with six 

HEX'AS'HLE. s. A building with six 
columns in fconlL. 


HEY. ini Vn expression of joy, or 
mutual exhortation. 

HEY'DAY. iiU. An expression of 
frolic and exultation. 

HIATION. t. The act of gaping. 

HIA'TUS. s. An aperture; a gaping 
breach; the opening of the mouth 
by the succession of an initial to 
a final vowel. 

HIBER'NAL. adj. Belonging to win- 

HIBKR'NIAN. adj. Relating to Ire 
land. 8. Hibemicism. 

HICK'UP. V, To sob with a con 
vulsed stomach, pr. par. fUckupingt 
past, hickuped: s. fuckup. 

HID, HLD^DEN. Past par. of the v. 
io hide, 

HIOAL'GO. s. In Spain, one of noble 
birth, pi. hidalgoes. 

HIDE. V. To conceal; to withhold 
or withdraw from sight or know- 
ledge, pr. par. JUding; past, hid^ 

HIDE. s. The skin of an animal, 
either raw or dressed. 

IIIDE'BOUND. adj, A horse is said 
to be hide-bound^ when his skin 
.sticks closely to his ribs and back. 

HID'EOUS. adj. Horrible, dreadful, 
shocking, adv. hideously: s. hide- 

HIE. V. To hasten ; to go in haste 
pr. par. hying ;ba,ai, hied. 

HrERARCH. 8. The chief of a sa- 
cred order ; the chief of any es- 
tablishment, adj. hierarehal: s 
hierarchy^ pi. hierarchies. 

IC. s. An emblem; a figure by 
which a word was implied, and 
used before the alphabet was in- 
vented, adj. hieroglyphic: adv. 

niEROG'RAPHY. s. Holy writing, 
nl. hierographies • adj. hierograph- 
fC, hieroerraphiccU. 

HIEROL'dGY. 8. Discourse on sa- 
cred things, pi. hierologies. 

HI'EROMANCY. s. Divination by 
.9/!cnBces pi. hieromancies. 
HtG'GLh. V. To chaffer; to be ue- 


nurious in a bargain, pr. par. kig 
glingi past, higgled: s. higgler, 

HIGH. adj. Elevated in place ; rais- 
ed aloft; rising above from the 
surface, or from the centre, adv. 
high^ highly : s. highness, 

HIGH'-FLIER. 8. One that carries 
his opinions to extravagance, adj 

HIGHXAND. 8. Mountainous re- 
gion, s. highlander. 

HIGH'-MET TLED. adj. Of proud 
or ardent spirit. 

HIGH'NESS. 5. A title given to 
princes, pi. highnesses. 

HIGH-WATER. *. The utmost flow 
of the tide. 

HIGHWAY'. 8. A great road, a pub- 
lic path. 

HIGH'WAYMAN. s. A robber tha 
plunders on the public roads, pi. 

HILARITY. 8. Merriment, gayety. 

HILL. s. An elevation of ground, 
less than a mountain, adj. hilly: 
s. hilUness. 

HIL'LOCK. 8. A little hill. 

HILT. *. The handle of any thing, 
particularly of a sword, adj. hilted 

HIM. pron. The objective case of he. 

HIMSELF', pron. A compound pro- 

HIND. adj. Backward ; contrar}' in 
position to the face. 

HIND. 8. The female to a stag ; a 
servant ; a peasant. 

HINl^ER. V. To obstruct, to stop ; 
to impede, pr. par. hindering; 
past, hindered: s. hinderer^ hin* 

HIN'DER. adj. In a position contra- 
ry to that of the face. 

HINiyERMOST. adj. Hindmost, 

HINiyMOST. adj. The last; that 
which comes in the rear. 

HINDI Ky. 8. An aboriginal inhabit- 
n nt of Hindostan. 

HIN'DRANCE. s. Impediment, ob- 

HII^GEk s. a Y>val u^oiv which a 


gate or door turns, v. hmge, or. 
par. hinging ; past, hmged. 

HINT. V. To bring to mind, by a 
slight mention or remote allusion ; 
to mention imperfectly, pr. par. 
hinHnsj past, fUnied: s. hint. 

HIP. a. The joint of the thigh; the 

HIP. 8. The fruit of the brier or the 
dog- rose. 

HIPPISH, HIPPED, adj. Melan- 

HIPPOCEN'TAUR, s. A fabulous 
monster, half horse and half man. 

HIP'FODROME. s. A course for 
chariot and horse races, or exer- 

HIPPOGRIFF. 8. A winged horse. 

HIPPOPOTAMUS. 8. The river 

HI PS HOT. adj. Sprained or dislo- 
cated in the hip. 

HIRE. V. To procure for temporary 
use, at a certain price ; to bribe ; 
to engage for pay. pr. par. hiring; 
past, hired: a. hire, hirer. 

HIRELING. 8. One who serves fut 
wages; a mercenary, adj. hireling. 

HIS. pron. Belonging to him that 
was before mentioned. 

HISS. V. To utter a noise like that 
of a serpent, and some other ani- 
mals; to condemn at a public ex- 
hibition, pr. par. hissing; past, 
hissed: s. hiss, pi. hisses^ hissing: 
adv. hissingly. 

HIST. int. An exclamation com- 
manding silence. 

HISTORIAN, s. A writer of history. 

torian ; a writer of history, s. his- 
toriography^ pi. historiographies. 

HISTORIOL'OGY. s. Knowledge of 
history; explanation of history, pi. 

HISTORV. 8. A narration of facts 
and events ; narration ; relation, 
pi histories: adj. historic^ hisiori' 
col: adv. historically. 

HISTRION'IC. adj. Befitting the 
stage, adv. histrionically. I 

HIT. r. To strike; to touch with aj 


blow ; to attain ; to clash ; to agr€<v 
pr. par. hitting; past, hit: s. hit. 

HITCH. V. To become entangled, 
or hooked together; to be caught 
pr. par. hitching; past, hitched: a. 

HITH'ER. adv. To this place, from 
some other ; to this ecd ; to this 
design, adj. hifhrr. 

HITH'ERMOST. adj. Nearest on 

this side. 
HITHERTO, adv. In any time till 

now , at every time till now. 

WARDS. €uiv. This way; towardu 

this place. 
HIVE. 8. The habitation or artificial 

receptacle of bees. v. hive; pi. par. 

hiving; past, hived. 
HO. int. A call ; a command to stop ; 

HOAR. adj. White ; gray with age. 

adj. hoary: s. hoariness. 

HOARD. 8. A store laid up in secret ; 

a hidden stock ; a treasure, v. 

hoard; pr. par. hoarding; past, 

hoarded: s. hoarder. 
HOAR'-FROST. s. The congelations 

of dew, in frosty mornings, on the 

HOAR'HOUND. 8. A species of 

HOARSE, adj. Having the voice 

rough, as with a cold ; having u 

rough sound, adv. hoarsely: b 

HOAX. 8. An imposition, a decep 

HOB, HUB. s. The nave of a wheel. 
HOB'BLE. V. To walk lameiy of 

awkwardly upon one leg more 

than the other ; to move roughly 

or unevenly, pr. par. hobbling; 

past, hobbled: s. hobble, hobbler; 

adv. hobblingly. 
HOB'S Y. 8. A pacing horse ; a na^ 

pi. hobbies. 
HOB'B Y-HORSE. *. A wooden horse, 

on which children ride. 
HOBGOB'U^, s. k^;i«^\H\J\^\V^, 

a Ct^^VvX^uV Qtv^ 


HOB'NAIL. a. A nail with a large 

HOB NOB. s. A famUiar call to recip- 
rocal drinking. 

HO'BOY, HAUTBOY. *. A sort of 
wind instrument. 

HOCK. s. Strong old Rhenish wine. 

HOD. s. A kind of trough, in which 

a labourer carries mortar, s. hod- 

n/in, pi. hodmen, 
HODGEy-PODGE. s. A medley of in- 

ffredients, boiled together. 
HOC. s. An instrument to cut up 

the earth, v. Aoe; pr. par. hoeing; 

pastf hoed. 
HOG. s. The general name of swine. 

V. hog; pr. par. hogging; past, 

hogged: adj. hoggish: adv. hog- 

gisMy: 8. hoggishness. 

UO^GO. #. High flavour; strong scent. 

HOGS'HEAD. s. A cask containing 
sixty-three gallons. 

HOG'STY. s. A place in which swine 
are kept. pi. hogsiies. 

HOG'WASH. 5. Liquid food given to 

IIOl'DErs'. s. An awkward, rude, ill- 
behaved man; an ill-taught, awk- 
ward, country girl. adj. hoiden^ 

HOIST. V. To raise up on high. pr. 
par. hoisting; past, hoisted: s. 

HOIT'Y-TOITT. adj. Thoughtless, 

HOLD. V. To grasp in the hand; to 
gripe; to keep; to retain, pr. par. 
holding; past, held: s. hold, holder, 

HOLDTAST. s. A catch, a hook, a 
support, a hold. 

HOLE. s. A cavity, a perforation, a 
hollow place. 

HOLIDAY. 5. See Holtday. 

MOLLA'. int. A word used in call- 
ing to any one at a distance, v. 
holla ; pr. par. hollaing ; past, hol- 

tlOULAND. s. Fine linen made in 

SOJ/LANDER. s. A man of Holland. ,1 a. Konesty, \\. lumftstVe* 


HOL'LOW. adj. Excavated ; having 
a void space within ; not solid, s. 
hoUou holtowness. v. holUnc; pr. 
par. hoilcwing; past, hollowed. 

HOL'LY. ». V kind of ever-green 

HOL'LYHOCK. *. A species of flow 
ering plant. 

HOLM. s. A river-island ; an islet 
the ilex ; the ever-green oak. 

HOL'STER. s. A case for a horse- 
man*s pistol. 

HO'LY. adj. Hallowed, pious, reli- 
gious, adv. holUy : s. holiness. 

HOLTDAY. s. The day of some ec- 
clesiastical festival ; anniversary 
feast ; a day of rest from ordinary 

HOM'AGE. s. Obeisance; respect 
paid by external action. 

HOME. s. Private dwelling; the 
place of constant residence. 

HOME'LY. adj. Plain, homespun, 
not elegant, s. homeliness. 

HO'MER.jj. A Hebrew measure, of 
about three pints. 

HOME'SPUN. adj. Spun or wrought 
at home ; coarse, s. horn^un. 

HOME'STEAD. s. The place of the 
house, including sometimes a 
small portion of land adjoining. 

adv. Towards home. 

HOMICIDE. 8. Murder; a man* 
slayer, adj. homicidal. 

HOM'ILY. s. A discourse read to a 
congregation, pi. homilies. 

HOMlNY, HOM'MONY. s. Maize 
pounded or ground into very coarse 


OUS. adj. Having the same nature 

or principles; suitable to each 

other, s. homxtgenealness, homog$ 

neitt/y pi. homogeneities, homogene 


HONE. s. A whetstone, v. hone 
pr. par. honing; past, honed. 

HON'EST. adj. Upright, true, sin 
cere, c\\«^%le^ ^ust. adv honestly 


HONT.V. I. The elxborale pi 

otbeet, cnracted ftoin ili 

mil- Aanifd. 
HO.VEY-COMB. J. The cell, i 

in which the bee bidibi lis I 

sdi. honey-eginlied. 
BON-E¥-MqO». I. The Snt 


KOFTORARY- <iii>. Done k hnnour; 
made in honour; conreiring hon- 
our, without eain. 

HO^^SUR. I. Dignitf, high rank, 
reputalioD, fame, ■nagnanliiiii}'. 
Y. ianoai-l pf. par. Aonmrmg-,- 
paH, konaurtd: f. ftonourer, iiM- 
BTirableaesi: aAi- hoiamrabtt, Ann' 
ourlat! ail. honourabtii, 

HOOD, 1. The upper covering or i 
Wdman'a head. »■ Jmod; pr. par. 
Koodinfi past, tioodrd. I 

HOOEXWINK. 0. To blind wilh 
•omething bound Dior tho eyca;' 
to deceive, pr. pat. hoodainktng i 
pant, Aom^unitAcd. I 

H^VIF.*. The hard, horti.v aubrtancB 
the feet of animjli- ad]> km/id, 
'"" ' Any thint; boni, -'■ -- — 

ing; post, hormd; adj. Aomy, 

ftornisf, Aomesj; i. AoriKiJness. 
HORN-BKAM, 3. A kind of tree. 
HORPi'BOOK. ,. The fir.t hook of 

children, cotetsd with ftDm, Wi 

keep it UnEoileii. 

HORN-PIPE, i A kind oflania 

aoofc. _ ... 

catchhold. V. AddjCt' pr- pD 
,■ past, hooked: t-honki 


iy thiDB circular, bj 
hich somplhina else is boi-'"- 
ij Ibing Gircular. ». Aoop; 
ir, haoptng; paiC, AiMpc^ 

HOOT li.To8honlincontompt, 
crj aa an ow). pr. par hooloig ; 
past, hootfd: t' hoott hooting- 

nop. 0, TodiBce; W jurnp ; to leap 
on one leg ; to limp. pr. par. hop. 

Sing; past, hopjKd; 9. hop, hopper. 
P. 1. A kind of plant. 
HOPF.i. Eipectatianoraomegnnd. 
V. hop* pr. par. Aapinff'; paKt, 
hoped- i. tloperi liAj, hxrpeful, htipe- 
Itti tit. hopefully, hapelaabj, 
iepinglj): t. i^/vlnesa. 


HOP-PER. I. The box or open Rum 

KO'RAL. adj. Relating to thchoan. 

HOrtbE. I. A clan ; a migratorj ere* 

H0RI'Z(5s.' 1. The line that tarim 

nates I he view. 
HORIZOIiiTAI- adu Near the ho 

HORN. I. ■fte hard body, whic 

n Ihet 


HOnoSCOPE. t. The configuTiHiM 
ofthB pUpoM, Dt the hour of birth. 

HORRIBLE, adj. Dreadful, terrible, 
shockinc. hideous, adv. hornUj. 

deteq'.ation; gloom; drearineia. 

HORSE. 1. A ipecics ofc^nadruped 

f. hora; pr. par. koratng; part, 

HORSE-BACK. t. Riding posture: 

HORSe-BftEAKR- j. One who* 

HORSK^HESmiT. .. A kind 0/ 

HOP.— H08 

HORSE'LEECH. *. A leech that 
bites horsfcb ; a farrier. 

HORSE'MAN. s. One skilled in ri- 
dinff; a rider; a man on horse- 
back, pi. horsemen: s. korsanan- 

HORSE'PLAY 5. Coarse, rough play. 

HORSEFOND. s. A pond for horses. 

HORSE'RACE. s. A match of horses 

in running. 
HORSE'RADISH. 5. An acrid biting 

HORSE'SHOE. s. A plate of iron, 

nailed to the foot of a horse. 
HORSE'WHIP. *. A whip to strike a 

horse with. v. horsewhip ; pr. par. 

horsewhipping; past, horsetohifped. 

IIORTA'TION. s. The act of exhort- 
ing: a hortatory precept, adj. hor- 
iative, hortatory. 

IIORTICUL'TT'RE. s. The art ofl 
cultivating gardens, adj. horticiU 
tural: s. horticulturist. 

HOSAiYNA. s. A form of exclama 
tion; an exclamation of praise to 

HOSE. s. Breeches ; stockings ; cov 
erings for the feet. 

HO'SIER. s. One who makes or sells 

HOSTITABLE. adj. Giving enter 
tainment to strangers; Kind to 
strangers, adv. hospitably: b. hos- 
vitality^ pi. hospitalities, 

HOSTITAL. s. A place built for the 
reception of the sick, or support 
of the poor ; a place for shelter or 
entertainment pronounced osf- 

HOS'PITALLER. s. One of a reli- 
gious community, whose office it 
was to relieve the poor ; a knight 
of a religious order. 

HOST. *. One who gives entertain- 
ment to another ; (he landlord of 
an inn; an army; any great num- 
ber : the consecrated wafer. 

HOSTAGE, s. One given in pledge 
for security of performance of con- 
HOSTESS, s. A female hott; a wo- 


man that keeps a house of pablio 
entertainment, pi. hostesses, 

HOS'TILE. adj. Inimical, adverse 
opposite; suitable to an enemy, 
adv. hostikly : e hostility ^ pi. hos 

HOSTLER. 5. One who has the care 
of horses at an inn. pronounced 

HOT. adj. Having the power to ex- 
cite the sense of heat; fiery; ar- 
dent, adv. hotly. 

HOTBED. 8. A bed of earth, made 
hot by the fermentation of manure 

HOTCH'POTCH. s. A mingled hash; 

a mixture. 
HOTCOCK'LES. s. A kind of play. 

HOTEL'. 5. A lodging-house; a pub- 
lic boarding-house. 

HOTHEADED, adj. Vehement, vio- 
lent, passionate. 

HOTHOUSE, s. A place forbearing 
tender plants. 

HOTTENTOT, s. A savage inhabit- 
ant of the southern extremity ol 
\ frica. ' 

HOUGH, s. The joint of the hinder 
leg of a beast, v. hovgh ; pr. par. 
houghing; past, hovghed. 

HOUND. 5. A dog used in the chase. 

HOUR s. The twenty-fourth part 
of a natural day ; a particular time, 
adj. hourly: adv. hourly. 

HOUR'GL ASS. s. A sand-glass which 
marks one hour- pi. hovrglasses. 

HOU'RL s. A Mahometan nymph ol 

paradise, pi. houries. 
HOUSE. 8. A place of hum in abode; 

any place of abode, v. house ; pr. 

par. housing; past, fumced: adj 

HOUSE'HOLD. *. A family living 

together: domestic management. 

s. householder. 
HOUSE KEEPER, s. A houstho'der; 

a woman who has the care of a 

family, and superintends the other 

servants, s. housekeeping. 
HOUSF.'LEEK. s. A species of plant. 
HOUSE'MAID s. A maid servant 
H0\3SE>N klKNW^i^C,. a. k ^ii,^%V w 



merrymaking, on going into anew n HUG. v. Tc press close in an em 

house. I 

HOUSETWIFE. s. The mistress of a 
family ; a little case or bag, for ar- 
ticles of female work. pi. hoitse- 
vrives : s. housewifery. 
HOUSING, t. Cloth added to a sad- 
dle, for ornament. 
HOVE. The pret of the ▼. heave, 

HOVEL. «. A mean habitation; a 

HOVER. t>. To hang in the air, over 

head, without flying one way or 

another, pr. par. hovering ; past, 

hooered : s. hover. 
HOW. adv. To what degree; in what 

manner ; for what reason. 
HOWBE'IT. adv. Nevertheless. 

HOWEVER, adv. In whatsoever 
manner; in whatsoever degree; 

HOWITZER, t. A kind of mortar, 
or cannon. 

HOWL. V. To cry as a wolf or dog? 
to utter cries of distress, pr. par. 
fimoling; past, howled: s. Aotoi, 

HOWSOEVER, adv. In what man- 
ner soever ; although. 

HOY. s. A large boat, sometimes 
with one deck. 

HOY. int. An exclamation : begone ; 
stop; halt. 

HUBBUB, s. A shout, a shriek, a 
tumult, a riot. 

HUCK'ABACK. s. A kind of coarse 
table linen. 

HUCKSTER, s. One who sells com- 
mon goods in very small quanti- 
ties. V. huckster; pr. par. huckster- 
ing; past, huckstered, 

HUiyDLE. V. To put on carelessly, 
in a hurry; to cover up in haste; 
to throw together, in confusion, 
pr. par. huddling; past, huddled: 
8. huddle^ huddler. 

HT'E. s Colour, die; a clamour. 

HUFF. s. Swell of sudden anger or 
arrogance, v. huff'; pr. par. huff- 
ing; past, huffed: adj. huffish: 
idv. hvffl^Jy.' 8. huffisMUSS, 

brace ; to fondle ; to hold fast, pr 
par. hugging; past, hugged: » 
HUGE. adj. Vast, immense, very 

>. aaj. 
L. adv.. 

great, adv.. hugely : a. hugeness. 

of the reformed religion in France; 
a French Calvinist. 

HULK. s. A ship ; a vessel of bur 
then ; the body of a ship. 

HUIXi. s. The husk, or integument , 
the outer covering ; the body of a 
ship; tne hulk. v. huU; pr. par 
huiUng ; past, huUed. 

HUM. V. To make the noise of bees ; 
to murmur, pr. par. humming ^ 
past, hummed: s. hum^ hummer^ 

HU'MAN. adj. Having the qualities 
of a man ; belonging to man. v. 
humanize i pr. par. humanizing ^ 
past, humanized : adv. humanly. 

HUMA'NE. adj. Kind, civil, benev- 
olent, good-natured, adv. humane- 
ly: 8. humaneness^ humanity. 

HUMANKlNiy. 5. The race of man; 

HUMA'TION. 8. Interment. 
HUM'BLE. adj. Low; not proud, 

modest, pronounced um'-ble. v. 

humble; pr. par. humbhng; pa>it, 

humbled: s. humUer: adv. humoy, 

HUM'BUG. «. An imposition; a v( ry 

low word. 
HUM'DRUM adj. Dull, dronish, 

HU'MID. adj. Wet, moist, watery. 

s. humidity^ pi. humidities. 

HUMILITY. *. Freedom from pride; 
modesty; act of submission, pi. 
humilities: s. humiliation. 

HU'MOUR. .*. Moisture ; the differ- 
ent kinds of moisture in man's 
body; general turn or temper ot 
mind ; jocularity ; merriment ; 
petulance; caprice, pronounced 
t^-mur, <f, humour; pr. par. Aw- 
mouring ; past, humourta : a. ^.-Ur 
morist; aAy fvuTruyrw«^\u'<^wrw!nRft 
adv. h%umorQUsb|, 


HUMP. 8. The protuberance form- 
Mi by a crooked back. 

HUMPBACK, s. Crooked back; 
high shoulders, adj. humpbacked. 

HUNCH'BACKED. adj. Having a 
crooked back. 

HUN'DRED. adj. The number con- 
sisting of ten multiplied by ten ; a 
district, supposed to contain one 
hundred families, s. hundred: adj. 

HUNG. Pret. and past par. of the 
V. to hang. 

HUNGA'RIAN. adj. Relating or be- 
longing to Hungary. 

HUNG'EfR. s. Desire of food; the 
pain felt from fasting, v. hunger ; 
f r. par. hungering ; past, hunger- 
ed: adj. hungry: adv. hungrily. 

HUNT. V. To chase wild animals ; 
to pursue ; to search for. pr. par 
hunting; past, hunted: s. hunt^ 

HUNTRESS, s. A woman that fol 
lows the chase, pi. huntresses. 

HUNTS'MAN. s. One who delights 
in the chase; the servant whose 
office it is to manage the chase, 
pi. hu7itsmen. 

HUR'DLE. 5. A texture of sticks 
woven together. 

HUR'DY-GUR'DY. s. A kind of 
stringed instrument. 

HURL. V. To throw with violence 
)r. par. hurling; past, hurled: s. 
iuAy hurler. 

Tumult, commotion, bustle. 

HURRA', HURRAH', int. A shout 
of joy, triumph, applause, or en 

HURRICANE, s. A violent storm. 

HURRY. V. To hasten confusedly ; 
to pu*. into precipitation or con 
fusion, pr. par. hurrying; past, 
hurried: s. hurry ^ hurrier. 

HURT. V. To harm, to wourid, to 

damage, pr. par. hurting; past, 

hurt: 8. hurt^ hurter^ hy-rtfulness : 

adj. hurtful: adv. hurtfully. 

aURTLEBERRY. s. The bilberry. 

/>/. hurtieberrics. 




HURT'LESS. a>dj Innocent, harav- 

less, innoxious, adv. hujilnssty, 

8. hurtlesaness. 
HUS'BAMD. s. A man married to a 

HUS'B AND. V. To manage with econ- 
omy, pr. par. husbanding; paat, 

husbanded: s. hushander. 
HUS'BANDMAN. s. One who work* 

in tillage ; a farmer, pi. husband 

HUS'BANDRY. s. Tillage; mannei 

of cultivating land ; thrift ; frugal 

HUSH. int. Silence! be still! v. 

hush; pr. par. Au^Atn^, past, At&sA- 

HUSH'-MONEY. s. A bribe, to hin 

der information. 
HUSK. s. The outer integument of 

fruits. V. husk; pr. par. huskingi 

past, husked: adj. husky: s. hu3c' 

HUSSAR'i s. Originally, a Hungari 

an horse-soldier, light-armed. 
HUS'SITE. a. One of the followers 

of John HusR, of Prague. 
HUS'SY. s. A worthless wench, pi. 

HUSTINGS, s. A council ; a court 

held; the place of meeting, to 

choose a member of parliament. 

HUSTLE. V. To shake together in 
confusion, pr. par. hustting; past, 

HUT. s. A poor cottage ; a tempo 
rary building, to lodge soldiers, v 
hut; pr. par. hutting, pdist^ hutted 

HUZZA', int. An exclamation of joy, 
or triumph, v. huzza; pr. par.Aujzr- 
zaing; past, huzza£d. 

HY'ACINTH. *. A kind of flower; 
a gem. 

HY'ADES, HY'ADo. s. A watery 

HY'DRA. *. A monster with many 
heads, slain by Hercules. 

HYDRAU'LICS. s. The science of 
conveying water through pipes 
tt ad\. K'udrauUc. 


HYDROCE'PHALUS. *. A dropsy in, 
the head. 

H Y'DROGEN. s. One of the princi- 
ples of water ; a kind of gas. 

HYDROG'RAPHY. *. Description ofj 
the watery part of the terraqueous | 
elobe. pi hydrographies: s. hy- 
arog-rapher: adj. hydrographiccU. 

H YDROL'OG Y. s. Description of the 
nature and properties of water in 
general, pi. hydrologies. 

IIY'DROMEL. *. Honey and water. 

HYDROM ETER. s. An instrument 
for ascertaining the weight of 
liquids, adj. hydrometrical. 

HYDROPHaBIA. s. Dread of wa- 
ter ; canine madness. 


HYDROSTATICS. *. The science 
of the weight and pressure of wa- 
ter. ^d.y hydrostatical : dAy.hydro- 

HYEMAL. adj. Belonging to win- 
ter, v.hyemaie; pr. par. hyemahngi 
past, hyemaied: s. hyemation. 

HYE'NA. s. A species of quadruped. 

HYGROM'ETER. s. An instrument 
to measure the degrees ofmoisture. 

Relating to marriage. 

HYMN. *. An encomiastic song, or 
song of adoration, v. hymn; pr. 
par. hymning; past, hymned. 

HYP. V. To make melancholy; to 
dispirit, pr. par. hypping; past, 


HYPERBOLA, s. A term in geom> 

H YPER'BOLE. s. A figure in rheto. 
ric, by which any thing is increas* 
ed or diminished beyond the exact 
truth, adj. hyperbolic^ hyperbolical, 
adv. hyperbolicaliy : v. hyperbolize, 
pr. par. hyperbolizing; past, hy- 
perbolized: s. hyper bolist. 

HYPERBOREAN, adj. Northern. 

HYPERCRinC. 5. A person who 
criticises with too much severity 
adj. hripercriiical. 

HY'rHEN. 5. A note of conjunction, 
as, vir-tue. 

HYPOCHON'DRIA. 5. xMelancholy. 
adj. hypochondriac^ hypochondria- 
col: s. hypochondriac. 

HYPOCRITE, s. A dissembler in 
morality or religion, adj. hypocr t- 
ical: adv. hypocritically: s. hy- 
pocrisy^ pi. hypocrisies. 

HYPOTENUSE, s. The line thnt 
subtends the right angle of a righ <• 
angled triangle; the subtense. 

HYPOTHECATE, v. To pawn; to 
^ive in pledge, pr. par. hypothecat- 
ing; past, hypothecated. 

HYPOTH'ESIS. s. A supposition ; a 
system formed upon some princi 
pie not proved, pi. hypotheses 
adj. hypothetic^ hypothetical: adt 

HYS'SOP. 5. A species of plant. 

Troubled with fits ; disordered ic 
the regions of the womb. s. hys 


lAM BUS 8. A poetical foot, con- 
sisting of a short syllable, follow- 
ed by a long one. adj. iam'bic. 

I'BIS. *. The name of an Egyptian 
bird, of the stork kind. 

ICE. s. Water or other liquid^, made 
solid by congelation, adj. icy. 

rCE'-HOUSE. .». A house in which 
ice is stored. 


ICHNEU'MON. s. A small animal 

that breaks the eggs of the croco* 

rCHOR. *. A thin watery humour. 

adj. ichorous. 
ICH'TH YOL'OGY. s. The Bcienoeof 

the nature of fishes. 
ICHTHYOPHfA^GX. ».\Svfe\.^^\v'fio.\ 

the ptacl\ce c>t «»Mvci%^sfio^« 



ft^ICLl:! 5. A shoot of ice, hanging 

ICONOCLAST, s. A breaker of im- 
ages. adj. iconoclastic. 

ICOiNOG'KAPHY. s. A history or 
description of images, pi. icono- 
graphies: adj. inconographicaL 

ICTKR'ICAL. adj. Afflicted with 

tDCA. s. A mental conception, adj. 
ideal: adv. ideally. 

IDEN'TIF Y. V. To prove sameness ; 
to make the same. pr. par. iderUi 
fying; past, ideniijied: s. identi 
Juation^ identifier. 

IDENTITY. 9. Sameness, pi. iden- 
tities: VLd], identical: adv. idenHcally. 

IDES. s. A term in the Roman kal- 
endar, denoting the 13th day of 
each month, except of March, 
May, July, and October; in which, 
it relates to the 15th. 

IiyiOM. s. A mode of speech pecu- 
liar to a language, adj. idtomattCy 
idtomaiical: adv. idiomatically. 

ID'IOT. *. One born a fool. s. idiocy^ 
pi. idiocies, idiotism: adj. idiotic, 
adv. idiotically. 

I'DLE. adj. Lazy; averse to labour; 
not engaged, v. idle; pr. par. idling; 
past, idled: s. idleness^ idler: adv. 

KDOL. s. An image worshiped as 
God. V. iddixe; (the v. is used only 
Jiguratively.^ pr. par. idolizing f 
past, idc^zea: s. idolizer. 

IDOL'ATRY. 5. The worship of im- 
ages, pi. idolatries: pr. par. idol- 
atrizing; past, idolatrized: adj. 
idolatrous: adv. idolatrously. 

IDO'NEOUS. adj. Fit, proper, con- 

W. One of the conjunctions. 

IG'NEOUS. adj. containing fire. 

IGNIPLUOUS. adj. Flowing with 

rONlPOl'ENT. aaj. Presiding over 

IG'NIS-FATUUS. s. Will with the 
wisp ; ignited vapour arising (Vom 
p*!trefi&d water. 
IGNITE. V. To kindle, pr par ig- 

IGN— 5*X 

niting,' past, igmted: s. tgnifum. 

adj. ignttible. 
IGNlV'OMOUS. adj. Vomiting fire 
IGNaBLE. adj. Of mean birth; not 

noble; worthless; not deserviixg 

honour, adv. ignobly. 
IG'NOMIN Y. s. Shame, dis^ce. pi 

ignominies: adj. ignominious: adv 

IG'NORANCE. s. Want of know- 

ledge, udj. ignorant: adv. igntt 

IGNO'ftE. V. To quash a bill of in- 

dictment, by writing on it the 

word ignoramus. 
ILL. adj. Bad, evil, sick. adv. and s. 

ill- s. illness. 
ILLA'QUEATE. v. To entangle, to 

entrap, to ensnare, pr. par. ilia- 

gveating; past, illaqueated: s. il- 

ILLATION. 8. Inference; conclu- 
sion drawn from premises, adj. 

iUaiive : adv. illatively. 
ILLAUDABLE. adj. Unworthy ol 

praise or commendation, adv. H 

ILLE'GAL. adj. Contrary to law. s 

illegality^ pi. illegalities : v illegal 

ize; pr. par. illegalixing ; p<Lst, Hie 

galized: adv. illegally. 
ILLEG'IBLE. adj. What cannot b€ 

read. s. illegibility, pi. illegibtlites 

adv. illegibly. 
ILLEGITIMATE, adj. Unlawful 

not born in wedlock, adv. illegiti- 

mately: s. illegitimacyy pi. illegtii 

n»acies: v. illegitimate; pr. par 

illegitimating; past, illegitimated 
ILL-FA'VOURED. adj. Deformed; 

ugly. s. iU-favouredness. 
ILLlfi'ERAL. adj. Not liberal ; not 

ingenuous, s. illiberality r adv. Ur 

ILLrCI'^. aaj. Unlawful; crimmai 

adv. illiciilu: s. illicitness. 
ILLIMITABLE adj. That cannol 

be bounded or limited, adv. illim 

itnbly: s. illimiiedness. 
ILLITERATE, adj. Unlettered, un 

learned, s. illiteraiy, pi. ilUtera 

ctes. iUUerateness. 


ILLNATURE. s. Habitual malevo- 
lence ; want of humanity, adj. ill- 
naiured: adv. iUnaiurealy: s. ill- 

ILLCyGlCAL. adj. Ignorant or neg- 
ligent of the rules of reasoning ; 
contrary to the rules of reason, 
adv. ilheically: s. Ulogicalness, 

ILL-STAR-RED. adj. Unlucky. 

ILLU'DE. V. To deceive or mock, 
pr. par. illuding; past, illuded. 

ILLU MC. V. To enlighten, pr. par. 
illuming; past, illumed. 

ILLITMINE. V. To supply with light, 
pr. par. illumini7ig;pdiStt illumined. 

ILLl/'MIiN ATE. v. To enlighten ; to 
adorn with festal lamps, or bon- 
fires, pr. par. iUuminating; past, 
iUwniruUed: s. illuminatiun : adj. 

ILLUMIN A'TI. 5. One of those who 
pretend to be enlightened with su- 
perior knowledge, as certain per- 
sons of the 16th century, and cer- 
tain mock philosophers on the 
continent of Europe, in our own 

ILLU'SION. 8. Theactofilluding; 
mockery ; false appearance, adj. 
illusive^ illusory : adv. Musively. 

ILLUSTRATE, v. To brighten with 
light ; to explain, pr. par. iUustrai- 
ing ; past, iUustrated: s. iUustra- 
Hon: adj. illustrative: adv. illus- 

ILLUS'TRIOUS. adj. Bright; con- 
spicuously noble for good ouali- 
ties. s. iUustriousness : adv. tllus- 

IM'AGE. 5. Any corporeal represen- 
tation ; generally, a statue ; a copy ; 
semblance; an idea. v. image; 
pr. par. imaging; past, imaged. 

rM'AuPIRY. s. Sensible representa- 
tions ; show. pi. imageries. 

IMA'GINE. V. To fancy ; to paint in 
the mind; to contrive, pr. par. 
imagining; past, imagined: s. 
imagination: adj. imaginable^ ima- 
rinary^ imnginaiive. 

I%fBALM'. V. Sec Embalm. I 



nWBE'CILE. adj. Weak, feeble, 
wanting strength, either of min^ 
or body. s. imbecility ^ pi. imbecilt- 

IMBEiyDED. adj See Embrddes. 

IMBl'BE. V. To drink in. pr. par 
imbibing; past, imbibed: s. imbi 

IMBIT'TER. V. To make bitter, pr. 
par. imbiiienng; past, imbittered. 

IMBOD'Y. V. To invest with matter; 
to make corporeal; to bring to- 
gether into one mass or body. pr. 
par. imbodying ; past, vnbodud. 

IM'BRICATED. adj. Indented with 
cavities; hollowed like a gutter- 
tile, s. imbrication. 

IM BROWN'. V. To make brown, 
pr. par. imbrowning; past, em- 

IMBRU'E. V. To steep, to soak. pr. 
par. imbruing; past, imbrued. 

IMBU'E. V. To tincture deeply ; to 
soak with a liquor or die. pr. par. 
imbuing; past, tmJmed. 

IM'iTABIj:. adj. Capable of being 
im'tated. s. imitation^ imitator: 
adj. imitative: v. imitate; pr. pa\ 
tmitating; past, imitated. 

IMMACULATE, adj. Spotless, 
pure. s. immaculateness : fldv. im- 

IMMATE'RIAL. adj. Incorporeal; 
distinct from matter. 8. intmntei i- 
ality^ pi. immaterialities: adv. tti- 

IMMATU'ftE. adj. Not ripe, not 
perfect, s. immaturity, pi. imma* 
turities: adv. immaiurely. 

IMMEAS-URABLE. ad^. Not to be 
measured; immense, s. trnmea- 
surableness: adv. rmmeasuranty. 

IMME'DIATE. adj. Proximate; hav- 
ing nothing between ; instant. 8. 
immediateness: adv. iramukately. 

IMMEIXICABLE. adj. Not possible 
to he healed ; incurable. 

IMMELODIOUS. adj. Not melodi- 
ous; nnmusical. 

IMMEMORIAL, udi. ?m time of 

IMMEnSt?. adj. Imrrieasunble, 

[MMETHOD-ICAL. adj, Conru>iid: 
without regulsriiv. >. inaulJuidi. 
cninaa: mdr. iaaiflhodically- 

lIVrHIGRATE. V. ta enter or pnei 
into; (n migrate inia. pr. par. im- 
migra£>tf; pas^ irrtmigraitd: a- 
inmignml, amnigratiim, unmigni- 

IM'UINENT. adj. Impending , 

IM>I?S'CtB& 'aij. Noropabicof 

being mingled. ■■ tnaniidbUily, 

n\, mrniidbiJitier- 
IMMrS'SION. 1. Act of immitting, 
liMMIT. V. To send in, to injwt. 

pr, par. immUHnri put, imntiled, 
IMMOBILITV. (. UnmovableneBS. 

pi- immotntiiies. 
iMMOiyERATE. adj. Eicessivc. «. 

immoderaienaSf immoderatiarL- ad v, 

IMMOD'EST. adj. Wanting shnme ; 

par- immolntiti^i pj 
a. immolalian. 

eat. *. immeniliAi , pi. unmaroGNa. 
ilMORTAL. adj. E.empt from 
dealh i pflrpctual , *. tmmoiiaUie ,- 

mnortalitif^ pi. ii 

jisr&ilflui,' adv. inunartaUy. 

iMMOTABLE. o^,'. Not la be i 

Jint'ed IVoiD ita pl.iae ; anihakt 

i- immoBobiHlyt pi- iJTtmaoabdilit 

IMMU'TABLE. itdj. Uiichan 

IB. D. To ill 

mlability. oil. 
i; the oSaprinff; prfr 

D. Sec Carii 

adj. h'ot 10 be 
1. a. a^aipab\ 

\tg; paat, impair 

. _ . ... , impntntunf. 

IMPA'LE. - "-- '■-- - 

ed hy to 
. impa^nbly. 
lummon tnwrvflon a jory. pr. par. 
''''P'"*^^"V p^ past, unporutHra. 
IMfAR'l-. ti. To make known, ro 
comrnuiiicala. pi. fir. imparlirtg i 
post, mfarlid. 
:MHAR'T1AL. oil,-, e^iiilable, dis- 
intereated. a. m^artiatih/, pi. in^ 
parfiaiitUs: ^6v. imparhalt^. 
IMPARTIBLE. «(j'. CommoniHt- 
fnpable of bang conferred 
cBlowcd- I. impartibilifyt pi. 

IMPAS'SACLE. o^'. Hot to be pars- 
ed, a. impassatii^i^if^ adt. impia 


aulfaority. pr. par. tnipiachitig i 
poat, impeachtd; ■. trnpncAfruAt^.- 
adj- imptachablif. 
IMPEARL'. V. to form in rcKm- 

with peatL pr. par. m^tarting, 

paat, itr^rarUa. 
MPECCABLE. n^. Eieinpt fVoin 
pouibilii}' of BID. 1. tntficrcobiJily, 
pi. impicaibiliiia 
IMPG'DE. I. To hinder, lo obitruct, 
Iplny, pr. pat. impiding; pait. 


unpeded: s. impethmeni: adj. im 

IMPEL'. V. To drive on towards a 
point, pr. par. impelling; past, im- 
pelled: adj. impellent: s. impeller. 

IMPENty. V. To hangr over. pr. par. 
impending; oaat^ impended : b. im- 
pendence : adj. impendent 

MPEN'ETRABLE. adj. Impervi- 
ous; not to be pierced, s. im- 
penetrability^ pi. impenetrabilities: 
adv. impenetrably. 

MPEN'ITENCE. s. Obduracy; want 
of remorse for crimes, adj. impeni- 
tent: Bdv.impenitently. 

IMPKR'ATIVE. adj. Commanding; 
expressive of command, adv. im- 
peratively: adj. imperatoriaL 

IMPERCEPTIBLE, adj. Not to be 
discovered or perceived, s. imper- 
ceptibleness : adv. imperceptibly. 

IMPERFECT, adj. Not complete, 
defective, s. imperfection: adv. 

IMPE'RIAL. adj. Relating or be- 
longing to an empire; royal, s. 
tmpericUist: adv. imperially. 

IMPERIOUS, adj. Commanding, 
authoritative, s. imperumsness : 
adv. imperiously. 

IMPERISHABLE, adj. Not to be 
destroved. s. imperishability ^ pi. 
imperishabilities : adv. imperish- 

LM PERMEABLE, adj. Not possible 
to be passed through. 

IMPER'SONAL. adj. Not varied ac- 
cording to the persons, s. imper- 
sfmaliiy^ pi. impersoncdiiies : adv. 

IMPERSPICUOUS. adj. Not per- 
spicuous, not clear, s. imperspicu- 
itif^ pi. imperspicuities : adv. imper- 
svi cvtouslv. 

CY. 5. That which has no relation 
to the matter in question; trouble- 
somencss, intrusion; sauciress, 
rudeness, pi. impertinences^ imper- 
iinencies: adj. impertinent: adv. 

IMPERTURBABLE, adj. Impossi- 


ble to be disturbed, s. trnperturfyo' 
iion: adv. imperiurbably : adj. twf 

IMPER'VIOUS. oii/.Im passable, im 
penetrable, adv. imperviously: a. 

IM'PETRATE. v. To obtain by ap 
plication or entreaty, pr. par. im- 
petrating; past, impetraied: adj. 

IMPETUOUS, adj. Vehement, vio- 
lent, fierce, passionate, s. impelU' 
osity, pi. impetuosities: adv. im- 

IM'PETUS. s. Violent tendfency to 
any point ; violent etfort. 

IMPrETY.*. Irreverence to the Su- 
preme Being ; contempt of the du- 
ties of religion; wickedness, pi. 
impieties: adj. impious: adv. tm* 

IM PlNGlir. v.To fall or strike against 
pr. par. impinging; past, impinged 

IMPLACABLE, adj. Not to be paci- 
fied ; inexorable ; irreconcilable 
adv. implacably: s. implacabiUiyf 
pi. implacabilities. 

IMPLANT. V. To insert, to infix, 
pr. par. implanting ; past, implant- 
ed: s. implantation. 

IMPLEAEK. 0. To accuse, to indict, 
pr. par. impleading; past, implead- 
ed: 8. impleader. 

IM'PLEMENT. s. A tool ; an instru- 
ment of manufacture, adj. tmple- 
mental: adv. implementally. 

IM'PLICATE. V. To entangle, to in- 
volve, pr. par. implicating; past, 
implicated: s. implication: adj. im- 
plicative: adv. implicativdy. 

IMPLICATION, s. Involution ; en- 
tanglement; inference not ex- 
pressed, but tacitly inculcated 

IMPLl'CIT. adj. Trusting without 
reserve or examination, s. impli 
ciiness: adv. implicitly. 

IMPLaRE. V, To solicit, to ask, to 
beg. pr. par. imploring; past, im- 
plored: a. implorer. 

IMPLY'. V. To involve or c»mpri«e 
as a conse<\Mewc.«i. ^^x. ■^'w.- xtw^V^y 
ing : ^«AV\mp\ttd. %• Vavp^^^^-^^^^ 



IMPOLICY, s. Imprudence, indis- 
cretion, adj. impolitic: adv. im- 

IMPOLrm adj. NotpoUte. s. tm- 
politeness: adv. impoiitely. 

IMPORT. V. To carry into any 
country, from abroad; to infer, 
to imply, pr. par. importing; past, 
imported: b. importation : adj. im- 

IMPORTANT, adj. Momentous; of 
great consequence, s. isf^oriance : 
adv. tmportanily. 

IMPORTU'NE. t?. To tease; to ha- 
rass with slight vexation, perpet- 
ually recurring; to solicit earn- 
estly, pr. par. tmporiuning ; past, 
importuned: adj. importumUe: adv. 
importunntdy : s. importunity^ pi. 

rMPOSE. V. To lay on as a burthen or 
penalty; to obtrude fallaciously; to 
put a cheat on. pr. par. imposing; 
past, imposed: s. imposition. 

IMPOS'SIBLE. adj. Not to be done ; 
impracticable, s. impossibility^ pi. 
i*npossibilities: adv. impossibly. 

m POST. 5. A tax, a toll. 

IMPOSTOR, s. One who dieats, by 
a (ictitious character, s. imposture. 

Want of power, imbecility, pi. im- 
potences^ impotendes: adj. impotent: 
adv. impoiently. 

IMPOVERISH. V. To make poor; 
to reduce to indigence, pr. par. 
hnpoverisfUng ; pal^iinpoverished. 

I M POWER. V. To give power; to 
authorize, pr. par. impowering; 
past, impowered. 

liVl PRACTICABLE, adj. Impossi- 
ble ; nut to be performed ; un- 
tractable. s. impracticability^ pi. 

IMPRECATE. V. To curse ; to call 
lir nvil upon oneVself or another. 
£. imprecation: adj. imprecatory, 

fMPREG'NABLL. adj. Not to be 
taken ; not to be moved, adv. im- 
IMPREG'NATE v. To fill, to satu- 


rate. pr. par. impregnating; pas^ 
impregnated: s. impregnation. 


. out the compass of prescription 
by no length of time, to be aliened 
or lost. 8. imprescHptibility. 

IMPRESS'. V. To print by pressuroj 
to stamp ; to take by force, pr. par. 
impressing ; past, impressed : s. itn* 
press, impression: adj. impressible. 

IMPRES'SIVE. adj. Capable of be- 
ing impressed ; susceptible ; ca- 
pable of making impression, ailj. 
impressively: s. impresstveness. 

IMPRIMATUR, s. A license to 
print ; a word formerly at the be- 
ginning of books, signifying ^* let 
It be printed." 

IMPRINT. V. To print upon; to 
mark upon any substance, by pri s- 
sure. pr. par. imprinting: pa^t, 
imprinted, s. im'print. 

IMPRIS'ON. V. To shut up, to con- 
fine. pr. par. imprisoning, p^t>i^ 
imprisoned: a. imprisonment. 

IMPROB'ABLE. adj. Unljke.y, in- 
credible, s. improbability, pi. vn- 
probabilities: adv. improbably. 

IMPROMPTU, s. A brief, ext&n- 
poraneous, and often witty or 
merry coranosition. 

IMPROPER, adj. Not well adaptel , 
unqualified, adv. improperly: b. 
impropriety, pi. improprieties. 

IMPROVABLE, adj. Capable of iin- 
provement. s. improfvabiUty : ait v. 

IMPfeaVE. V. To advance nearer to 
perfection, pr. par. improving, 
past, improved: s. improvement: 
adj. improvable: s. improvabiliiy. 

IMPlROV'IDENT. adj. Wanting cji re 
to provide, adv. improvidently : s. 

IMPRU'DENCE. *. Want of piu 
dence; indiscretion, adj. imptv 

IMPUGN', v. To attack by law or 
argument ; to oppose, pr. par. im 
pvgning; past, impugned: s. im 

lIM?\]lS'SXIiC^ %. Wottince^ io 


ability adj imjfuissani : adv. im- 

tM'PULSE. s. Communicated force. 
ad) impHlsive: adv. impulsively. 

IMlX^NiTY. ». Freedom from pun- 
ishment, pi. impunities. 

CMPU'RE. adj. Not pure, unholy, 
foul. 8. impurity f pi. impuriiies: 
adv. tn«y urdy. 

IMPUR'PLE. V. To colour as with 
purple. pr.ipai.vnpurpUnfff past, 

• tmpurpled. 

IMPUTE. V. To charge upon ; to at- 
tribute, pr. par. imputing; past, 
imputed: b, imputation: 9id^y impu- 
tative: adv. impviaiively : adj. im- 

IN. One of the prepositions, adv. tn. 

INABIL'ITY. 5. Impotence; want 
of power, pi. inabHiiies. 

[KACCES'SIBLE. adj. Not to be 
reached ; not to be approached, s. 
macceasibiltty : adv. inaccessibly. 

IN VC'CURATE. adj. Not accurate; 
not exact, adv. inaccurately: s. 
inaccuracy^ pi. inaccuracies, 

INACTIVE, adj. Not busy, idle, in- 
dolent, adv. inactively: s. inactiv- 
ity^ pi. inactivities, inaction. 

INADEQUATE, adj. Not equal to 
the purpose ; defective, s. inade 
tntacy: adv. inadequately, 

IJNADMIS'SIBLE. adj. Not to be ad- 
mitted, adv. inadmissiblv : s. inad- 
missibility, pi. inadmissibiliiies. 

TENCY. s. Negligence, inatten- 
tion, pi. inadvertences, inadverien 
cies : adj. inadvertent: adv. t7iad- 

rNAMORA'TO. s. One in love; one 
loved by another. 

INA'NE. adj. Empty, void. s. inan- 
ity, pi. inanities, inanition. 

INAN'IMATE. adj. Void of life; 
without animation, s. inanimation: 
adj. inanimately. 

#. Want of appetite, pi. inappeten- 
ces, inappetencies. 

INAPTUCABLE. adj. Not applica- 


ble. 8. tnappUcability, pi. inappU 
cabilities: adv.inapplicably: 9. ink 

INAPPOSITE, adj. Not apposite 
ill-placed ; not tu the purpose, s 
inappositeness : adv. inapjtositely. 

IN API", adj. Unfit, s. inaptness, in- 

INARTICULATE, adj. Not uttered 
with distinctness, s. inarticulate- 
ness, inarticulation: Sids. inarticu- 

INARTIFICIAL, adj. Contrary tu 
art ; artless ; rude. adv. inartifi 

INATTENTION, s. Want of atten- 
tion; disregard, adj. incUteniiva 
adv. inattentively. 

INAUljriBLE. adj. Not to be heard, 
adv. inaudibly. 

INAUGURATE, v. To invest with 
a new office, by solemn rites, pr. 
par. inau^rating; past, inaugu- 
rated: a. inauguration: adj. inau- 

INAUSPI'CIOUS. a^y. Ill-omened, 
betokening ill. adv. inauspicious- 
ly: 9. inauspiciousness, 

IN' BORN, adj. Innate; implanted 
by nature. 

IN'BRED. adj. Produced vithin; 
hatched or generated within. 

INCALCULABLE, adj. Beyond cal- 
culation, s. incalculability: adv 

INCANTATION. *. Charms uttered 
by singing, adj. incantaiory, 

INCATABLE. adj. Wanting pow- 
er ; unable to comprehend, learn, 
or understand, s. incapability, pi 

INCAPA'CIOUS. adj. Not capaci- 
ous; narrow; wanting power to 
contain, s. incapaciousness, 

INCAPA'CITATE. v. To disable; 
to weaken, pr. par. incapacitating, 
past, incapacitated: a. incapaci^, 
pi. incapacities. 

INCAR'CERATE. v. To imprison 
pr. par. incarcerating; past, *n 
carcerated: s. incarceration. 


INCARNATE. V. To clothe with 
flesh, adj. incamaU. incamaUce: 
s. incartiaiian, 

ENCASE'. V. To cover, to enclose, 
to enwrap, pr. par. incasing; past, 

INCAUTIOUS, adj. Unwary, neg- 
ligent, heedless, ail v. incauHous- 
ly: 8. incautiousness. 

INCEN'DIARY. i. One who sets 
houses, or towns, or any other vid- 
aable thing, on fire, in malice, or 
with a design of committing rob- 
bery, pi. incendiaries: adj. incen- 

IN'CENSE. s. Perfumes exhaled bv 
fire, in honour of some god or god- 

INCENSE'. V. To enkindle to rage ; 
to inflame with anger, pr. par. m- 
censing; past, incensed: adj. in- 
eensive: s. incensement, 

INCENTIVEL adj. Provocative, en- 
couraging, inciting, s. incentive. 

INCEPTION. *. Beginning, 
cepUve: adv. inceptively. 

INCERA'TION. #. The act of cover- 
in? with wax. adj. incerahve. 

LNCER'TITUDE. s. Uncertainty. 

INCES'SANT. adj. Unceasing, adv. 

IN'CEST. s. Criminal conjunction of 
persons within decrees prohibited, 
adj. inceshums: adv. inceshumsly. 

INCH. s. The twelfth part of a foot, 
pi. inches. 

INCHASE'. V. See Eicchasb. 

IN'CHOATE. adj. In an incipient 

state; just begun; imperfect, s. 


IN'CIDENT. s. Something happen- 
ing besides the main design; ca- 
sualty, adj. incidental: adv. inci- 

IiN'CJN'ERATE. v. To burn to ashes, 
pr. par. incinerating; past, incin- 
erated: s. incineration. 

INCIPIENT, adj. Beginning, com- 
mencing. s. incipience^ indpienry^ 
pK rncipienceSj indpiencies. 
INClfVlON, s. A cut i a wound made 


with a sharp instrument, adj. m 

INCITE. V. To push forward in a 

purpose ; to animate or encourage. 

pr. par. inciting; past, incited: s. 

INCIVIL'ITY. ». Want of courtesy; 

rudeness, pi. indvilitics. 
INCLASP. V. To hold fast; toclasji. 

pr. par. inda^ng; past, indaspetL 
INCLEM'ENCY. s. Seventy, rough- 
ness, unmercifulness. adj incUrtf 

ent: adv. indemently. 
INCLINATION. *. Natural aptnce.% 

favourable disposition, adj. indi" 

natory; adv. indinatorily. 
INCLI'NE. V. To bend, to lean, to 

bend towards any part ; to be fa* 

vourably disposed to. pr. par. in- 

dining; past« indined: adj. incli- 
nable: s. indination. 
INCLaSE, ENCLCSE. v. To shut 

in ; to encircle ;. to surround, pr. 

par. indosm^; past, inclosed: s. 

indoser, indosure. 
INCLU'DE. V. To shut in, to inclose. 

to embrace, pr. par. tnduding_ 

past, included. 
INCLU'SION. s. Act of including 

ndj. inclusive: adv. inclusively. 
INCOAGULABLE, adj. Incapabh 

of coagulation. 
INCOG'NITO. adj. In a state of con 

CY. s. "Want of cohesion ; irregu- 
larity, pi. incoherences^ incoheren- 
cies: KQyincohertnis sA\. incohe- 

INCOxMBUSTIBLE. adj. Not to be 
consumed by fire. s. tncombusti' 
bility, pi. incombustibilities: adv. 

IN'COME. s. Revenue ; produce of 
any thing. 

INCOMMEN'SUR ABI£. adj. Not to 
be reduced to any measure com- 
mon to both. s. incommaisurabili' 
ty: adj. incommensurate. 

INCOMMCDE. V. I'o be inconven» 
ent to ; to hinder, or slightly to 

i embatraas. ^r. pu%. inwmmoding; 


past, tneamtnoded: adj. vtcommo- 
dious: Kdv.tncommodtously:' 
commodio usness. 

liNCOMMU'NiCABLE. adj. Not im- 
partible; not to be told, s.incom- 
municahility: adv. mconuntemca- 

INCOMMUTABLE, adj. Not possi- 
ble to be changed, s. incommuta- 
bility: adv. incommulably. 

(NCOMTARABLE. adj. Excellent; 
above all competition, s. incom- 
parableness: adv. vncomparably. 

INCOMPATIBLE, adj. Inconsistent 
with something else. adv. incom- 
patibly: s. incompatibilHyt pi. in- 

INCOM'PETENT. adj. Not suitable; 
not adequate, adv. tncompetentiy : 
8. incompetence^ incompetency^ pi. 
incompetences^ incompetencies. 

INCOMPLETE, adj. Not perfect. 
adv. incompletely: s. incompleteness. 

be fully understood, adv. incompre- 
hensibly: 8. incomprehensibility. 

comprehensive, adv. incomprehen- 
sively: s. incomprehension. 

INCOMPRES'SIBLE. adj. Not capa- 
ble of being compressed, adv. m- 
compressibly : s. ineompressibility, 
pi. incompressibilities. 

INCONCEIVABLE, adj. Incompre- 
hensible ; not to be conceived by 
the mind. adv. inconceivably: s. 

INCONCLUSIVE, adj. Not conclu- 
sive, adv. inconclusively: s. incon- 

INCONGRUENCE, s. Unsuitable- 
ness; want of adaptation, adj. in- 
congruent^ incongruous: adv. in- 
congruously: s. incongruity^ pi. in- 

INCONSEQUENT, adj. Without 
just conclusion; without regular 

INCONSIiyERABLE adj. Unwor- 
thy of notice; unimportant, adv. 
tneonnderahHy «. inconaiderable- 


INCONSIITERATE. adj. Carelei* 
thoughtless, adv. inconstderatehf 
8. inconsiderateness. 

TENCY. s. Incongruity, unsteadi- 
ness, pi. inconsistences^ inconsisten- 
cies : adj. inconsistent : adv. incon» 

INCONSOLABLE adj. Not to be 
comforted, adv. inconsotahly. 

INCONSCNANT. adj. Disagreeing 
with itself; discordant, s. incon- 
sonartce, inconsonancy^ pi. tncon- 

INCON'STANT. adj. Not firm m 
resolution ; not steady in affection; 
variable, adv. inconstantly: s. in- 
constancy^ pi. inconstancies. 

INCONTESTABLE adj. Not to be 
disputed, adv. incontesiably. 

INCONTINENT, adj. Unchaste; in- 
dulging unlawful pleasure, s. in- 

putable, adv. incontrovertibly : s. 
tncontrovertibility^ pi. incontrovcr- 

INCONVE'NIENCE. s. Unfitness 
disadvantage; difiiculty. v. incon* 
vcnience; pr. par. inconveniencing, 
past, inconvenienced: adj. inconve- 
nient: adv. inconvemenily. 

INCOR'PORATE. v. To mingle dif- 
ferent ingredients, so as to make 
one mass ; to form into a corpora- 
tion, pr. par. incorporating; past, 
incorporated: s. incorporation. 

INCORPCREAL. adj. Immaterial; 
distinct from matter; distinct from 
bodv. adv. incorporeally. 

INCORRECT, adj. Not exact, inac- 
curate, s. incorrectness: adv. in- 

INCORRIGIBLE, adj. Bad beyond 
correction, adv. incorrigibly: s. 
incorrigihlenesSy incorrigibility ^ pi. 

adj. Not corrupt ; not corrupted , 
honest, adv. incorruptly: 8. tncor* 
ruption, incorruptness. 

mC0KR.\3?T\B\S^ oAj.^^^^ 


hie of corruption. adT. tneonrupti' 
Uy: 8. ineorruptibUibf. 

INCREASE'. «. To grow more in 
number, or greater in bulk; to 
advance in quantity or value, pr. 
par. increasmgt past, inerecued: 
adj. tncreasibU: a. tn'creoM, in- 

[NCREIXiBLE. adj. Surpaasing be- 
lief, adv. mcredibly: a. incr&di- 

INCREiyULOUS. odj. Sceptical; 
. not readily believing, adv. vncrtd' 
uhudy: a. incredultty, pi. mcredti- 

INCREMENT. ». Act of growing 

. greater; increase; matter added; 

invade another's right ; to creep on 
^raduaUyi without right, pr. par. 
incroacKing ; past, incroachtd: s. 
incroachtr^ incroachment: adv. in- 

INCRUS'TATE. v. To cover with a 
crust ; to cover with an additional 
coat. pr. par. incrustating; past,tn* 
crusiated: adj. incrustaie: s. in- 

IN'CUBATE. V. To sit upon eggs. 

Er. par. incubating; paat, incu- 
ited: s. incubation, 

IN'CUBUS. *. The night-mare. 

INCULCATE. V. To impress bv 
frequent repetition, pr. par. incul- 

. eating; past, ineulcaUd: s. incul- 

INCUM'BENT. adj. Resting or lying 
upon; imposed as a duty. adv. m- 
cumbenily: s. incunU}ency. 


press upon ; to embarrass, pr. par. 
, incumbering; oast, inctimberea : b.' 

INCUR'. V. To become liable to a 

punishment or reprehension, &.c. 

pr. par. incurring; past, tncvrrecf.: 

INCU'RABLE. adj. Not admitting! 
remedy, adv. incurably: s. incu- 
rabiUty^ pi. incurabilities. 

INCVRJOVS. adj. Negligent, inat- 


tentive. adv. incuriously . a tneu 

INCUR'SION. s. Invasion, without 
conquest; inroad.' adj. incursiv* 

INDEBTED, adj. Having in 
curred a debt; obliged by some* 
thing received. 

INDECENT, adj. Unbecoming, in- 
decorous, adv. indecently: a. inds» 
cency^ pi. indecencies. 

INDECISION, s. Want of determi 
nation, adj. indecisive: adv. ind^ 

INDECU'NABLE. adj. Not variable; 
not varied by terminations, adv. 

INDECOROUS, adj. Indecent; un- 
becoming, adv. indecorously. 

INDECaRUM. s. Indecency; some 
tiding unbecoming. 

INDEFATIGABLE, adj. Not to be 
wearied ; unwearied, adv. indejiu" 
igably: s. indefatigcUfleness. 

INDEFEAS'IBLE. adj. Not defea*- 
ible. adv. indefeasibly : s. indcftat- 
iblerusst indejecsibility. 

INDEFEN'SIBLE. adj. Not defen»i- 
ble. s. indefensibility. 

INDEFI'NABLE. adj. Not to be do- 
fined, adv. ind^nably. 

INDEF'INITE. adj. Not determined : 
not limited; large, beyond the 
comprehension of man. adv. in 
definitely: s. indefiniteness. 

INDEL'IBLE. adj. Not to be blotteo 
out or defaced, adv. indelibly: s. 
indelibility^ pi. indelibilities. 

INDEL'ICATE. a^\ Wanting deli 
cacy; indecent, adv. indelicately: 
s. indelicacy, pi. indelicacies. 

INDEM'NIFY, v. To secure against 
loss or penalty, pr. par. indemni- 
fying; past, indemnified: s. in- 

INDP:]VrNITY. s. Security from loss 
or punishment, pi. indemnities. 

INDENT. V. To mark with inequal- 
ities, like a row of teeth, pr. par 
indenting; past, indented: s. in- 
dentment, indenture. 

INDEN'TURE. s. A covenant, so 
named because the counter-parta 


are indented or cut one by the 
other. ▼. indention. 

INDEFEN'DENT. adj. Not support- 
ed by another; not controlled; 
not relating to any thing else. adv. 
indepcndeiMg : s. independence^ in- 
dependency, pi. indqtendences, inde- 

INDEPRrVABLE. adj. Not to be 
taken away. 

(NDESCRI'BABLE. adj. Not to be 
described, adv. indescribably. 

LNDESTRUCTIBLE. adj. Not to be 

INDETER'MINATE. adj. Not de- 

fined; indefinite, uncertain, adv. 

indeUrndnatdy: s. indeierminaiion. 

IN'DEX. 8. A discoverer ; the hand 
that points to any thing, as to the 
hour or way; a table of contents, 
pi. indexes. 

IN'DIAN. adj. Belonging to India, s. 
Indian, one of the aborigines of 

INDICATE. V. To show ; to point 
out. pr. par. indicating ; past, in- 
dicated: s. indication, indicator: 
adj. indicative, indicatory: adv. in- 

INDICT'. V. To charge any person 
by a written accusation, before a 
court of justice, pronounced in- 
dite, pr. par. indicting; past, in- 
dicted: adj. indictahle: s. indict- 

INDIFFERENT, adj. Neutral, re- 
crardless, of a middling state, adv. 
tndifferenUy : s. indifference. 

INDIG'ENOUS. adj. Natural to a 
country ; not foreign or exotic. 

IN'piGENT. adj. Poor, needy, s 

INDIGESTION, s. Weakness of 
stomach ; want of concoctive pow- 
ers, adj. indigestible, indigested. 

INDIG'NfANT. adj. Angry; inflamed 
at once with anger and disdain, 
adv. in/lignanily : a. indignance, 
indignancv, indignation. 

liVDIG'NlTY. s Contumely pi. in- 


IN'DIGO. s. A plant which produces 

a blue die. pi. indigoes. 
INDIRECT, adj. Not straight , not 

tending otherwise than obliquely 

or consequentially to a purposf; . 

not fair. adv. indirectly: s. indi 

INDISCREET', adj. Imprudent, in- 

judicious, adv. indiscreetly: s. tn 


guishable, undistinguished, adv. 

indiscriminately : s. indiscrimi/ia^ 

Hon: Si6\. indiscriminating. 
INDISPE.VSABLE. adj. Not to be 

dispensed with; necessary, adv 

indispensably: s. indispensability. 
INDlSPaSE. V. To make unfit ; to 

disincline, pr. par. indisposing, 

past, indisposed: s. indispo.'tition^ 
INDISPUTABLE, adj. Incontestar 

ble. adv. indisputably: s. indis 

INDISSOLUBLE, adj. Not solulile. 

adv. indissohibly: s. indissolubility, 

pi. indissolubilities. 
INDISTINCT', adj. Not distinct; 

not plainly marked, adv. indis 

tincUy: s. indistinctness. 
INDITE V. See Indict. 
INDIVIiyUAL. s. A single thing, oi 

single person, adj. individmd : adv 

individua-lly : s. individuality, pL 

individu a lities. 
INDIVIS'IBLE. adj. Not po.ssible to 

be divided, adv. tndivisihly : a. tn- 

divisibility, pi. indivisibilities. 
INDaCILli. adj. Unteachable. s. m- 

docility, pi. indocilities. 
IN'DOLENT. adj. Lazy, listless, adv. 

indolently: a. indolence. 
INDOM'ITABLE. adj. Unt*meable. 
INDORSE, ENDORSE', v. To write 

on the back of any written paper. 

pr. par. indorsing; past, indorsed 

a. tndorser, indorsement. 
INDOW. V. See Endow. 
INDU'BITABLE. adj. Undoubted 

unquestionable, adv. indubitably 

a. indvbitableness. 
IND(J'CE V. To offer by way of in 

duct'ioiv , voVu^ucivc.^ Vvi ^ti-H ^^vi^ 



pr. pir. inducing; past, indwied: 
8. induciment. 
INDUCT. V. '^o bring in ; to put 
into actual possession of a bene- 
fice, pr. par. inducting; past, in- 

LNDUCTION. ». Act of inducing ; 
introduction ; inferring one gene 
ral proposition, from several par 
ticulars. adj. inductiot: adv. m 

INDUE'. V. To invest, pr. par. m- 
(iutn^; past, indued: s. tnduement. 

INDULGE'. V. To encourage by 
compliance ; to fondle, pr. par. tn- 
dulging; p^at^ indulged: b. indul- 
gence: adj. indulgent: adv. indul- 

LVDURATE. v. To growliard; to 
harden, pr. par. indurating; past, 
indurated: adj. indurate: s. indu- 

CN'DUSTRY. *. Diligence, assiduity, 
adj. ijidustrious : adv. induatrious- 

INEB'RIATE. tj. To intoxicate, pr. 
par. inebriating ; past, inebriated: 
8. inebriation^ inebriety: adj. ine- 

INEFFABLE, adj. Unspeakable, 
unutterable, adv. ineffably: s. in- 

INEFFECTIVE, adj. Not effective, 
adv. ineffectively. 

INEl-'FECTUAL. adj. Not effectual, 
adv. ineffectually: s. ineffeetual- 

INEPFICACY. ». Want of power; 
want of effect, pi. inejficacies: 
adj. inefficacious: adv. inejffica- 

INEFFICIENT, adj. Unactive, in- 
effective, s. inefficiency^ pi. ineffi- 
ciencies: adv. inefficiently. 

Want of elegance, adj. tne^g'an^: 
adv. inelegantly. 

INEPT, adj. Trifling, foolish, use- 
less, adv. inqfftly: s. inqttiiude^ 

jDVEQUAL'ITY. s. Difference of 

r.omjrirav^e quantity ; uneven- 


ness; disproportion to any oflice 

or purpose, pi. inequalities. 
INEQ'UITABLE. adj. Unjust, adv 

INERT, adj. Dull, sluggish, adv 

inertly: s. inertness. 
INES'TIMABLE. adj. Too valuable 

to be rated, adv. inestimably: s. 

INEVITABLE, adj, Unavoidabloi 

adv. inevitably: s. inevitableness. 
LNEXCU'SABLE. adj. Not to be ex- 

cused. adv. inexcusably: s. inea:- 

INEXHAUS'TIBLE. adj. Not to be 

exhausted, adv. inexhaustibly: s. 

inexhaustibility : adj. inexhavstive. 
INEX'ORABLE. adj. Not to be mov- 

ed by intreaty. adv. inexorably: 

s. inexorability. 
INEXPE'DIEOT-o^/. Not expedient 

hdv. inexpediently: s. inexpediency 

inexpediency^ pi. inexpediencesj m 

INEXPE'RIENCE. s. Want of ex 

perimental knowledge, part, adj 


INEXPERT, adj. Unskilful, adv 

INEX'PIABLE. adj. Not to be aton 
ed. adv. inexpiably. 

INEX'PLICABLE. adj. Incapable oi 
being explained, adv. inexplica 
bly: s. inexplicability. 

INEXPRES'SIBLE. adj. Not to b« 
told. adv. inexpressibly. 

be extinguished; unquenchable, 
adv. inextinguishably. 

INEX'TRICABLE. adj. Not to be 
disentangled, adv. inextricably, s. 

INFAL'LIBLE. adj. Not fallible, 
adv. infallibly: s. infallibUity^ pL 

INFAMOUS, adj. Publicly branded 
with guilt ; disgraced, s. injamy, 
pi. injamies: adv. infamously. 
IN'FANCY. s. The first part of nfe 
\ noT.-^^c *, beginning, i^]. infancies 


LNTANT. s. A young child; a roi- 
nnr ; the title of a Spanish prince, 
(rem. infanta:) adj. infantile. 

INFAN'TlCIDE. s. Act of killing an 
infant ; one who has killed an in- 
fant, adj. infaniicidal. 

hVFANTRY. s. The foot-soldiers of 
an armv. pi. in/aniries. 

INFATUATE. V. To strike with 
folly, pr. par. infatuating; past, 
infatuaied: s. infatuation. 

INKEC r. V. To hurt by contagion, 
pr. par. infecting; \iva\.^ infected : 
8. i/tfection: adj. infectious: adv. 

INFECUN'DIT Y. «. Want of fertil- 
ity ; barrenness, pi. infectmdities. 

rNFEETBLE. v. See Enfeeble. 

INFELICITY, s. Unhappiness. 

INFER'. r.To deduce, pr. par. infsr- 
ring; past, t/i/crrcrf; adj. tn/errt- 
ble: 8. inference. 

INFERIOR, adj. Lower in place; 
lower m value or excellence, s. 
inferiority^ pi. inferiorities. 

INFER'NAL adj. Hellish, detest- 

INFEST. V. To harass, to disturb, 
pr. par. infesting; past, infested: 
adj. infestwms: s. infestation. 

IN'FIDEL. s. An unbeliever, adj. 
infidel: s. infidelity^ pi. infdeliUes. 

IN'FINITE. adj. (Jnbounded, un- 
limited, immense, adv. infinitely: 
s. irfinitify nl. infinities^ infinitude. 

IT^FIN'ITI VE. adj. In grammar, the 
infinitive mood affirms or intimates 
thfi intention of affirming, but not 

INFIRM', adj. Weak, feeble, s. m- 
firmitify pi. infirmities. 

INFIRM'ARY. s. A lodging for the 
weak or sick. pi. infirmaries. 

INFIX'. v.To drive in; to fasten, 
pr. par. infixing ; past, infixed. 

INFLAME. V. To kindle; to set on 
fire. pr. par. ir^laming; past, in- 

INFLAMMATORY, adj. Having 
the power of inflaming, s. inflam- 

INFLA'TB *. To %yr^ with wind.; 


pr. par. inflating; past, vifiaitd 

a. inflaiion. 
INFLECT. V. To bend, to turn, pr 

par. injecting; past, infected: adj 

inflective: s. irmection. 
INFLEX'IBLE. adj. Not to be bent 

or incurvated. adv. inflexibly a. 

infUxibiUty^ pi. iriflexwilities. 
INFLICT. V. To put in act, or im 

pose as a punishment, pr. pur 

inflicting; past, inflicted' adj. in 
jCictive: s. infliction. 
IN'FLUENCE. s. Ascendant power 

power of directing or modifying. 

V. influence ; pr. par. influencing , 

past, influenced: adj. influential. 

adv. injluentially. 
IN'FLUX. 5. Act of flowing into any 

INFOLiy. V. To inwrap. pr. par. in- 

folding ;_past, infolded. 
INFaHA'TE V. To cover wiih 

leaves, pr. par. infoliaiing; patt, 

infoliated: s. infoliation. 
INFORM'. V. To instruct; to supply 

with new knowledge; to acquaint. 

pr. par. infitrming; past, inform- 
ed : 8. informaniy injormntion^ in- 

INFORM'AL. adj. Irregular; co i- 

trary to established forms, adf. 

informally: s. informality^ pi. f> 

INFRACT. V. To break, pr. par. 1 1- 

fracting; past, infracted: s. t.> 


w.Toadmittotheprivilegeofafr* e- 

man. pi par. fn/rancAising* ,* pa.rt, 

infranckised: s. infranchisement. 
INFRAN'GIBLE. arf;. Not to be 

broken, s. infrangibUity : adv. m- 

INFREQUENT, orf;. Not frequent. 

rare; uncommon, adv. infrequent- 

ly: 8. infreqttence^ tnfrequcncy^ pi 

INFFJNGE. V. To violate; to break 

laws or contracts, pr. par. infring 

ing; pasrt;, infringed. 8. infingt- 




ur fur^ pr. par. infuriatiTigt past, 

INFU'SE. V. To pour in, to inatil. 

pr. par. ir^usiitg; past, v\ftued: 

ad]. tTifusive, infusible: •. tn/usion. 
IN'GATHERING. *. The act of 

getting in a harvest. 

beget, to produce, pr. par. ingen- 

deringi past, ingendered. 
INGE'NIOU.S. adj. Witty, inventive. 

adv. ingenioitslif : s. tii^nenut^jr, pi. 

CNGEN'UOUS. adj. Open, fair, can- 

did. adv. ingenuously: s. ingenu- 


fNGLORIOUS. adj. Wxihont ^lorv; 

void of honour, adv. tnglorwusly. 
IN'GOT. *. A mass of metal. 

propagate trees by incision, pr. 

par. ingrafting; past, tn^o/ted.* 

8. ingraflmeni. 
N'GRAINED. part. adj. Dyed in 

grain ; deeply fixed. 
IN'GRATE. adj. Ungrateful, s. in- 

INGRATIATE, v. To put in favour; 

torecommend to kindness, pr. par. 

ingratiating; past, ir^^raiiated: s. 

INGRATTl UDE. s. Retribution of 

evil for good. 
^NGRE'DlElNT. s. Component part 

of* a body, consisting of several 

iN'GRESS. s. Entrance ; power of 

entrance, s. ingression: adj. in- 

gi exsive. 
CN'GUINAL. adj. Belonging to tbe 

INGI'LP. V. To swallow up, in a 

vast profundity; to cast into a 

gulf pr. par. ingulfing; past, in- 

INC;UR'GITATE. v. To swallow 

down, pr.par. mgrtrgt/o/tn^t past, 

ingurgitated: s. ingvrgiiation. 
fNHAB'IT. V. To dwell in. pr. par. 

infu^iting; past, inhabited: adj. in- 
habitable: s. inhabitation^ inhabit 
an/, inhafiitancy. 


INHANCE'. t>. To raise, to advance 
to heighten in price, pr. par. iti 
hancing; past, inhanced. 

INHA'LE. V. To draw in with ar. 
pr. par. inhaUng; past, inhaled : a. 

CAL. adj. Discordant, unmusical, 
adv. inhamumiously : s. inhanno- 

INHE'RE. V. To exist in something 
else. 8. inherence^ inherency: udj. 
inherent: adv. inJierentiy. 

INHER'IT. V. To receive or possess 
as an heir ; to derive from an ances- 
tor, pr. par. inheriting; past, in- 
heriied: adj. inheritable: adv. nir 
heritably: s. inheritance^ inheritor^ 
inheritress^ pi. inheritresses. 

INHIBIT. V. To restrain, to hind-r, 
to prohibit, to forbid, pr. par. in. 
hihiting; past, inhibited: s. inhiii- 

IKHOS'PITABLE. adj. AfTordirg 
no kindness or entertainment to 
strangers, adv. inhospitably: in- 
hospitality^ pi. inhosjntaliiies. 

INHU'MAN. adj. Barbarous, savspo, 
cruel, adv. inhumanly: t. inhu- 
manity, pi. inhumanities. 

INHU'ME. V. To bury in the earth 
pr. par. inhuming; past, inhumed 
adj. inhtfmative: s. inhumation. 

INIM'ICAL. adj. Unfriendly, hcstile, 
adverse, adv. inimically. 

INIM'ITABLE. adj. That cannot b#» 
imitated, adv. tnimiiably: s. tn* 

INIQ'UITY. s. Injustice, wicked- 
ness, crime, wd], tnitfuiUma : adv. 

INITIAL, adj. Placed at the begin- 
ning, s. initial: adv. initially. 

INITIATE. V. To enter; to instruct 
in the rudiments of any art. pr. 
par. initiating; past, initiated: s 
initiation: ndy iniiiatory. 

INJECT. V. To throw into. pr. par. 
injecting f past, injected: 9 injec- 

INJOIN', ENJOIN'. V. To direct, to 
U order^ to prescribe pr. par. t» 

WS. <ujf. WUhouijiii 

[NJU.NOTION. «. Act nf injolnini 
command. >dj. injnncAM. 

IWJURE. V. To hurt on^uitly; 
wrong, pr. pat. iAJvnng; pai 
n^urtd: ». injury, pi. iiyVrKj, i 



LNJUSnCL *. Iniquilj, wr 

INK. ■. A liquid, u>H!d Trir 

■Dd pcintii^. r. ink,' pr. p 

inri Duli iniidi adj. u 

IKK'STAND. .. A utenail fo 

IKLAV. B. To divt 



- INNUETDO. ». An uhlique hi 
[fiNU'MliRABLC. nrf). Nirt 

INO'DOROtlS. ndj. Wanting scent 
aJv. infuforously. 
J INOFFEN'SIVE. od/. HatnilcM, in 
silt. ad». ino^/nliiiKJjF.- a. I'n/' 

'■ INOE'FOBTll'NE. nrfj. UnMamnii 

[NCIR'DINATE. nrf). Irregular, ui 
~' Uwful. adv. inonliruldy.' i. iiur 

■- IM'QLIEST.' ». Judicial inquiry or 

I- INQUl'ET. adj. Disquiel. ■. mjral. 

B INQui'RE, E\QU1'RE. o. To atk 

par. inyiunnj- ; pMt, in^uirKt; 

a INQuTIrnoR." riudicial inqninr. 

JKNAV-IGABLE. ailj. Not poiiibli 
Itr.SKR. ndj. Interior, auperlntive 

INNOCUOUS, 'adj, HarmlcM. adi 
IN'SOVAT&B. Toiiiltodiideannv 

adv. inniii»i(07i'a(/j). 
'- IHQUIS'lTlVE, adj. Curioua; harj 

in flearch. adv. infuililiiK^ a. I'l 

IPTROAD. 3. Incuraion. 
mSALlTBRITV. i. Buwhoteaome 

nesi. ndj. inwhibriout. 
INSA'NE adj. Dimrdored iu mind. 

B. inmnitTf. pi. iruaniUti- 
INSA'TIABLE. adj. Grocd j hajrond 
- ■*-. pUfl(uiA-'j .■ a. lAfs 

INSATIATE, ndj. Greedy, m u 

. INSCRI'BE, B. To write on »nT 
.Ul lo dedionie. pr. par. in 
rfim^r paati insenbtdi a in 
__ ihtr. 
INSCEUfl'ION. I. Ad nt m»«ih 


ing ; thing inscribed, adj. inscrip 

WSCRU'TABLE. adj. incapable of 
being discovered, adv. inscrutably: 
8. inscrutability. 

IN'SECT. s. A small animal, hav- 
ing a separation in the middle, or 
between the extremities of its bo- 
dy, joined by a ligature, as a com- 
mon fly. V. insect ; pr. par. insect- 
ingy' past, insected: adj. insectUe. 

INSECTOL'OGER. s. One who 
studies or describes insects, s. in- 

INSECU'KE. adj. Not secure, adv. 
insecurely : s. insecurity^ pi. inse- 

INSEN'SATE. adj. Wanting sensi- 
bility; wanting feeling, adj. in- 
sensitive: s. tnscnsation, 

INSEN'SIBLE. adj. Imperceptible; 
void of feeling ; void of meaning, 
adv. insensibly : s. insensibility, pi. 

INSEPARABLE, adj. Not to be 
separated, adv. inseparably: s. in- 

INSERT*. V. To place in or amongst 
other things, pr. par. inserting; 
past, interted: s. insertion. 

enclose in a shrine, pr. par. in- 
shrining; past, inshrined. 

INSID'IOUS. adi. Sly, treacherous, 
adv. insidiously: s. insidiousness. 

IN'SIGHT. 5. Deep view ; thorough 
skill in anything. 

INSIG'NIA. 5. Distinguishing marks 
of office or honour. 

INSIGNIFICANT, adj. Wanting 
meaning; void of signification; 
mean. adv. insignificantly: s. in- 
significance^ insignificancy, 

INSINCE'RE. ndj. Wanting sincer- 
ity, adv. insincerity, s. trwtncertfy, 
pi. intincerities. 

INSIN'UATE. V. To push gently in- 
to favour or regard, pr. par. insin- 
vaiing; past, insinuated: adj. in- 
sinuative: s. insintuition, insinua- 

INSJP'W adj. fVanting taste, adv. 


msipidly: b. ins^indity, p\. ins^nd^ 

ilNSlST*. V. To stand or rest upon; 
to persist in. pr. par. visistiiigi 
past, insisted. 

INSNA'RE. V. To entrap, pr. par 
insnaring; past, insnared: s. in* 

INSC/CIABLE. adj. Not sociable 
adv.insociably: s. insociability. 

IN'SOLENT. adj. Haughty, over 
bearing, adv. insolently: a. inso- 

INSOL'ID. adj. Not solid, s. insoUdi- 
tv, pi. insolidiiies. 

INSOL'UBLE. adj. Not to be dissolv- 
ed or separated, adv. insolubly: s. 
insolubility , pi. insolubilities. 

INSOL'VABLE. adj. Not to be et- 
plained, adv. insolvably. 

INSOLVENCY, s. Inability to pay 
debts, pi. tmo/venctes; adj. m^r/ 

INSPECT', tj. To look into, by way 
of examination, pr. par. inspecting, 
past, injected: s. ins])ection, in- 
spector: adj. inspectorial. 

INSPER'SION. 5. Act of sprinkling 

INSPI'RE. V. To draw in the breath, 
to breath into ; to infuse into the 
mind ; to impress upon the fancy, 
pr. par. inspiring; past, inspired: 
8. inspiraiiony inspirer: adj. in 

INSPIRIT. V. To enliven, pr. par 
inspiriting; psLsX, inspiriiea : s. in 
spiration: adj. inspiritive. 

INSPIS'SATE. tJ. To thicken, pr. par 
inspissating; past, inspissated: s 

INSTA'BLE. adj. Inconstant, adv 
instably • s. instability, pi. in.ttabil- 

INSTALL . v.To adva nee to any rank 
or office, by placing in an official 
seat, or stall, pr. par. installing , 
past, installed: s. instedlationy in 

INSTALTVIENT. s. Act of installing; 
in commercial language, a certain 


portion of a to be paid at 
stated times. 

IN'STANT. adj. Pressing, urgent, 
earnest, immediate. 

IN'STANT. s. Such a part of dura- 
tion wherein we perceive no suc- 
cession ; a particular time. 

INSTANTA'NEOUS. adj. Done in 
an instant, adv. msianianeotisly : 
s. instanianeousness. 

INSTAURA'TION. s. Reparation, 
renewal, s. insiaurator. 

INSTEAD, adv. In the room or 

[N'STEP. s. The upper part of the 
foot, which joins the leg. 

IN'STIGATE. V. To urge to ill. pr. 
Yi^iT.insiigatmg; past, msUgaied: 
adj. insligative: s. insiigation^ in- 

INSTIL'. V. To infuse by drops ; to 
insinuate any thing imperceptibly 
into the mind. pr. par. instilling; 
past, insiilled: s. instillation^ in- 
stiller^ instilment. 

INSTINCT, s. The power determin 
ing the will of brutes ; desire or 
aversion acting in the mind, with- 
out the intervention of reason, 
adj. instinctive: adv. instinctively. 

IN'STiTUTE. V. To fix, to establish, 
to commence, to prescribe, pr. 
par. instituting; past, instituted: 
8. institution^ institute^ institutor: 
udj. institutive^ institutio7iary. 

INSTRUCT. V. To teach, to direct, 
pr. par. instructing; past, instruct- 
ed: adj. instructive: adv. instruct- 
ii^dy: s. instruction^ instructer^ 
instructiveness^ instructress. 

IN'STRUMENT. s. A tool used for 
any work, or purpose; a frame 
constructed so as to yield harmo- 
nious sounds, adj. instrumental: 
B. instrumentality: adv. instrumen- 

INSUBJECTION. s. State of diso- 

INSUBOR'DINATE. adj. In a state 
of disorder or disobedience, s. m- 


INSUF'FERABLE. adj. Intolerable. 

adv. insufferably: s. insufftral>U* 

INSUFFI'CIENT. adj. Not sufficient 

adv. insufficiently : s. insvJ/ictenCA 

insufficiency^ pi. insufficiencies. 
IN'SULAR. adj. Belonging to an 

island ; having the quality of an 

island, s. insularity. 
INSULATE. V. To form into an 

island ; to separate, pr. par. tn.'U- 

laUng; pnst^ insulated. 
INSULT. V. To treat with insolence 

or contempt, pr. par. insulting, 

past, insulted: adi. insulting: adv 

insultingly : s. in suit, insidter. 
INSU'FERABLE. adj. Invincible; 

insurmountable. &dv. insuperably : 

B. insuperability. 
INSUPPORTABLE, adj. Intolcra 

blc, insuSerable. adv. insupporta 

bly: s. tnsupportahleness. 
INSU'RE. V. To exempt from hazard, 

by the payment of a certain sum ; 

to make sure. pr. par. insurir^ , 

past, insured: s. insuraricCy insurer. 
INSUR'GENT. s. One who rebels 

against the established govern- 
ment of a countrv. 

perable. adv. insurmountably: a 

INSURRECTION, s. A seditious 

rising, adj. insurrectional^ insur- 
INSUSCEPTIBLE, adj. Not suscep- 

tible. s. insusceptibility: adv. m- 

INTAG'LIO. s. Any thing that has 

figures engraved upon it, so as to 

rise above the ground.- 
INTAIL'. See Entail. 
INT AN'GIBLE. adi. Not to be touch- 
ed, adv. intangibly: s. iniangtbUi- 

ty^ pi, intangibilities. 
INTEGER, s. The whole of any 

thing, ad], integral : adv. integrci- 

lyj s. integrality. 
INTEGRATE, v. To form jnf 

whole ; to contain all the parts of- 

pr. par. miegrating^ 9a8t^ initi 


be understood, adv. inielligihly: 

INTEG'RITY. 5. Entireness, incor- 
rupiibility, honesty, pi. integrities. 

IN'I'fclG'UMEiNT. s Any thing that 
covers or envelops another thing, 
ridj. integumentoL 

liN'lELLLCT. 5. The intelligent 
mind. adj. iniellecituU : adv. tntel- 
lectually: s. intdUdualist^ intelUc- 

liN'TEL'LIGENT. adj. Knowing, in- 
structed, skilful, s. inieUigence^- 

I.N lELLIGlBLE. adj. Possible to 
be understood, 
s. intelligibility. 

INTEM'PERATE. adj. Immoderate 
in appetite ; drunken ; ungovern- 
able; exceeding the just or con- 
venient mean. adv. inUmperately : 
fi. intemperance. 

INTEND'. V. To mean or design. 
"pr-iYdx. intending; past, intended: 
s. iiUender^ intention.^ intendment. 

INTENIXANT. s. An officer of the 
highest class, who oversees any 
particular allotment of public busi- 

INTENSE', adj. Raised to a high de- 
gree ; vehement, ardent, adv. m- 
iensdy: s. intenseness^ intension^ 
intensity^ pi. intensities, 

IMTENT'. adj. Anxiously diligent. 
8. intent^ intentness: adv. intently. 

INIEN'TION. s. Design, purpose, 
adj. intentional: adv. inieniionally. 

IM'ER'. V. To bury. pr. par. inter- 
ring ; past, interred: s. interment. 

adj. Inserted out of the common 
order, to preserve the equation of 
time. V. intercalate; pr. par. inter- 
calating; past, intercalated: a. in- 

INTERCE'DE. v. To pass between; 
to mediate, pr. par. interceding; 
past, interceded. 

INTERCEPT. V. To stop and seize 
in the way ; to obstruct, pr. par. 
intercepting; past, tn/crc<j>/ea.- s. 
interception^ intercepter: adj. t»- 
ffr'-epiive: ndv inter ceptwely. 
mTLRCESHiON. s Act of inlci- 


ceding ; mediation, s. intercessut ; 
adj. intercessory. 

INTERCHAIN', v. To chain ot link 
together, pr. par. interchaining, 
past, interchained. 

INTERCHANGE', v. To give and 
take mutually ; to put each in tlie 
place of the other, pr. par. inter- 
changing; past, interchanged ■ 
adj. inter changeablt: adv. inier^ 
duingeably : s. interchangement. 

IN'TEKCOCfRSE. s. Commerce 

IWrERDICT'. V. To forbad, to pro- 
hibit. pr. par. interdicting; past 
interdicted: s. in'ierdict^ interdic- 
tion: adj. interdictive^ interdictory 

INTEREST. ». To concern, to ef 
feet. pr. par. interesting; past, m 

IN'TEREST. 5. Concern, advantage, 
influence over others ; money paid 
for the use of money. 

INTERFE'RE. v. To interpose ; to 
intermeddle, pr. par. interfering, 
past, interfered: s. interference. 

IN'TERIM. s. Intervening time. 

INTE'RIOR. adj. Internal, not out 
ward. 8. interior. 

INTERJECTION, s. Intervention ; 
one of the parts of speech. . . in- 
terject; yix.^oj. interjecting,; past, 

INTERLA'CE. v. To intermix ; to 
put one thing within another, pr. 
par. interlacing; past, interlaced. 

INTERLARD', v. To insert bel ween, 
r. par. interlarding; past, inter- 

INTERLE'AVE. v. To insert bl:irk 
leaves into a book. pr. par', intf 
leaving; ]iast, interleaved. 

INTERLl'NE. v. To write in alter- 
nate lines ; to write between two 
lines, pr. par. interlining; past, 
interlined: adj. interlinear^ inter- 
lineary: a. interlineation. 

INTERLaPE. V. To intrude ; to run 
between parties, and intercept the 
advantage one should gain from 
the other, pr. par. interlopit:g 
past, tntertoped : s. interloper. 



IN TERLUDE. 5. Something played 
at the intervals of a festival or play. 

INTERMAR'RY. v. To marry some 
of each family with another, pr. 
par. inie7'mar7ying; past, intermar- 
ried: 9. intermarriage. 

INTERMEEKOLE. v. To interpose 
officiously. pr.pKT. intermeddling; 
past, intermeddled: a. intermeddUr. 

adv. intermediately. 

INTERMINABLE, adj. Immense: 
without limit, adv. interminably: 
adj. interminate. 

INTERMIN'GLE. v. To mix. pr. 
par. intermingling; past, intemun- 

INTERMIS'SION. s. Act of inter- 
mitting; cessation for a time. adj. 

INTERMIT. V. To cease or forbear 
for a time. pr. par. intermitting; 
past, intermitted: adj. intermittent. 
adv. intermitiingly. 

INTERMIX'. V. To mingle; to mix 
pr. par. intermixing; past, inter 
mixed: s. intermixture. 

UNTER'NAL. adj. Inward, adv. in- 

INTERPOLATE, v. To put any 
thing into a place to which it does 
not belong, pr. par. interpolating; 
past, interpolated : a. interpolation^ 

INTERFaSE. V. To place between; 
to thrust in, as an obstruction, in- 
terruption, or inconvenience, pr. 
par. interposing; p^si^ interposed : 
3. interposition. 

INTERTJIET. v. To explain, pr. 
par. interj^reting; past, interpreted: 
8. interpretation^ interpreter: adj. 
interpretative^ interpretable: adv. 

INTERREG'NUM. s. The time in 
which a throne is vacant between 
the death of one prince, and the 
accession of another. 

INTERROGATE, v. To question, 
pr. par. interrogating; past, m- 
terrogaied: s. interrogation^ inter- 


rogator: adj. interrogative^ inter* 
rogatory: Jidv. interrogatively. 

INTERRUPT. V. To hinder froa 
proceeding, by interposition, pr. 
par. interrupting; past, inifmipi- 
ed: a. interruption^ interrupter 
adv. interruptedly. 

INTERSECT, v. To cut; to divide 
each other mutually, pr- oar. t»> 
terseciing ; ^SiStf intersected : s. tn« 

INTERSPERSE', v. To scatter 
I amongst other things, pr. par. in 

ierspersing; past, interspersed: s. 

INTERSTICE, s. Intervening space. 

adj. interstitial. 
INTteTVVI'NE. V. To unite, by 

twisting one in another, pr. par 

intertwining; past, intertunned. 

IN'TERVAL. s. Intervening space 

or time. 
INTER VE'NE. v. To come between. 

pr. par. intervening; past, inter- 
vened: a. intervention: adj. inter- 

INTERVIEW. 8. Mutual sight; 

meeting of persons generally by 

INTERWEAVE', v. To mix one 

with another, in a regular textuie. 

pr. par. interweaving; past, in- 

INTESTATE, adj. Dying without 

a will. s. intestate^ intestacy. 
INTES'TINE. adj. Internal, s. m- 

slave, pr. par. inthralling; past, 

inthralled: s. inthralmenl^ ith- 

INTHRaNE. V. To raise to royalty. 

pr. par. inthroning; past, inlhror^ 

ed: 8. inthron€m£nt. 
INTI'CE. V. See Entice. 
IN'TIMATE. adj. Familiar ;closelj 

acquainted, adv. intimately: s. in 

timacy^ intimacies. 
INTIMATE. V. To point out indi 

rectly. pt. pax. valixwAw^; \»a^. 


ttivmated: s. intimaUoti: adv. m- 

INTIM'IDATE. v. To make fear- 
ful, pr. par. intimidaiing ; past, 
tntimidaied : a. iniimidatiun, 

INTI'RE, ENTl'RE. (m(;. Whole, 
unbroken, adv. iniirely: s. tntire- 

INTI'TLE, ENTITLE, v. To give 
a claim to; to have a title, pr. 
par. intiUing; past, irdiUed. 

IN TOLERABLE, ad^. Insufferable, 
adv. intolerably, 

INTOLERANCE. «. Want of pa- 
tience to bear the opinion of 
others, adj. intolerant. 

INTOMB. V. To enclose in a tomb, 
pr. par. tniombing; past, iniombed. 

INTONATE. V. To thunder, pr. par. 
intonating,' pasi^ intonated : s. in- 

INTOX ICATE. V. To make drunk, 
pr. par. intoxicating ; past, intoaei- 
rated: s. intoxication. 

INTRACTABLE, adj. Unj^overna- 
ble, obstinate, adv. intractably: 
s. intractability^ intractableness. 

put into a trance, pr. par. intranc- 
ing ,' past, intranced. 

INTRANQUIL'ITY. s. Unquietness; 
want of rest. 

INTRANSITIVE, adj. Not transi- 
tive, adv. intransitively. 

INTRAP, ENTRAP, v. To en- 
snare, to entangle, pr. par. intrap- 
ping; past, intrapped. 

tition ; to solicit, pr. par. intreat- 
ing; past, intreated. 

INTRENCH'. V. To fortify with a 
trench ; to encroach, pr. par. in- 
trenching ; past, intrenched : s. in- 

INTREPID. a((;. Fearlrss, daring, 
adv. intrepidly: s. intrepiaity. 

INTRICATE, adj. Entangled, com- 
plicated, adv. intricately: s. in- 

INTRIGUE. 8. A plot; a private 
transaction in which many parties 

are engaged, v. intrigue'; pr. par. 


intriguing; past, intrigued: s. at* 
triguer: adv. intrigvingly. 

INTKIN'SIC. adj. Inward; interna) 
real ; true. adv. intrinsically, 

INTRODU'CE. V. To conduct an- 
other to a place or person ; to 
bring any thing into notice or prac- 
tice, pr. par. introducing; past, 
introduced: s. introduction: aid), 
introductive^ introductory. 

INTROMIT. V. To send in ; to lei 
in ; to admit ; to intermeddle, pr. 
par. intromitting ; past, introtnit- 
ted: s. intrumisaion. 

INTRU'DE. V. To enter without in- 
vitation or permission; to encroach 
pr. par. intruding; past, intruded. 
s. intruder. 

INTRU'SION. s. Act of intruding, 
adj. intrusive: adv. intrusively. 

INTRUST. V. To treat with confi 
dence; to confide, pr. par. intrust 
ing; past, intrusted. 

INTU'ITIVE. adj. Immediately per- 
ceived by the mind, without the 
intervention of argument or testi- 
mony, s. intuition: adv. intuitively. 

INTWI'NE. V. To twist or wreath 

together, pr. par. iniwining; past, 

INUEN'DO. s. See Innuendo. 
INUM'BRATE. v. To shade; to 

cover with shades, pr. par. inum- 

brating; past, inumbrated: s. m« 

IN'UNDATE. v. To overflow with 

water, pr. par. inundating ; past, 

inundated: s. inundation. 
INURBAN'ITY. s. Want of courte- 

ousness; rudeness; unkiyidness. 
INUTRE. v. To habituate; to accus 

tom. pr. par. inuring; past, iJt- 

ured: 8. inurement. 
INURN'. V. To entomb ; to bury 

pr. par. inuming; past, iniimea, 

INUTILITY, s. Uselessness. 

INVA'DE. V. To make a hostile en- 
trance; to infringe, pr. par. i»- 
vading; past, invaded: s. invader 

INVA'SION. s. Act of invading, adj. 

nw— iNV 

INVAL'ID. adj. Weak ; of no weight 
or cogency; null. v. invalidalei 
pr. par. invalidating; past, invaU- 
dated: s. invalidation^ invalidity. 

INVAL'UABLE. adj. Inestimable, 
adv. invaluably. 

INVA RIABLE. adj. Unclianffeable. 
adv. invariably: s. invari(wleness. 

INVEC'TJVE. 5. Censure; satirical 
or reproachful accusation.. adj. in- 
vective: adv. invecUvelif. 

INVEIGH'. V. To utter censure or 
reproach, pr. par. inveighmg; past, 
inveighed: s. inveigher. 

IN VEi'GLE. V. To persuade to some- 
thing bad or hurtful ; to allure, pr. 
^a.r. inveigling; past, inveigled: s. 
tnveigletneniy inveigler. 

INVEN'OM. v. See Envenom. 

INVENT. V. Tofind out ; to produce 

- something not made before; to 
fabricate, pr. par. inventing; past, 
invent^: s. invenier^ invention: 
adj. inventive. 

INVENTORY, s. An account or 
catalogue, pi. inventorws: v. in- 

INVERT'. V. To turn upside down ; 
to place the last first, pr. par. in- 
verting; past, inverted: s. inver- 
sion: adj. inverse: adv. inverkdly. 

INVEST. V. To place in possession 
of a rank or office; to confer; to 
enclose, pr. par. vrwesting; past, 
invested: s. investment^ investiture. 

INVES'TIGATE. v. To search out; 
to examine, pr. par. investigating; 
past, investigated: s. investigation^ 
investigator: ndy investigtUive. 

INVETERATE, ad/ Old ; obstinate 
by long continuance, s. inveterate- 
ness: adv. tnveteraiely. 

INVIiyiOUS. adj. Envious, malig- 
nant. 8. invidiousness : adv. invM- 

INVIG'ORATE. v. To endue with 
vigour, pr. par. invigorating; post, 
invigorated: s. invigoration. 

IN VIN'CIBLE. adj. Insuperable, un- 
conquerable, adv. invincibly/: s. 


INVrOLABLE. adj. Not to ho. pro- 
faned; not to be broken, adv m* 
violably: s. inviolabiUty: adv. tit- 
viohblu: adj. inviolate. 

INVIS'IBLE. adj. Not to be seen, 
adv. invisibly: s. invisibility. 

INVI'TE. 0. To ask to any place 
with entreaty and compliiisance; 
to allure, pr. par. inviting; pn&t^ 
invited : s. invtter^ invitation: adv. 

IN VOC ACTION, s. Act of invoking 

IN'VOIc£ 8. A catalogue of the 
freightof aship; or of the articles 
and price of goods sent by or to a 
factor, adj. invoiced. 

INVaKE. V. To call upon, to im- 
plore, pr. par. tnooActi^*; past, tn- 

INVOL'UNTARY. adj. Not having 
the power of choice; not done 
willingly, adv. involuntarily. 

INVOLVE'. V, To inwrap, to imply, 
to comprise, pr. par. involving 
past, involved. 

INVOLU'TION. s. Act of involving. 

INVUL'NERABLE. adj. Not to b« 
wounded, adv. invulnerably. 

IN'WARD. adj. Interna], within, 
adv. inuwrdly. 

INWRAP. V. To cover by involu- 
tion ; to involve, pr. par. inwrap' 
ping; past, inwrappea. 

INWREATH'. V. To surround as 
with a wreath, pr. par. mwreath' 
ing; past, intoreatfied. 

INWROUGHT, adj. Adorned with 

lON'IC. adj. Relating toor belon|gring 
to one of the orders of architec- 

laTA. s. A tittle ; the smallest let- 
ter in the Greek alphabet. 

IPECACUAN'H A. s. An Indian plant 
of emetic virtues. 

IRAS'CIBLE. adj. Easily provoked, 
s. irascibility: adj. ircucibly. 

IRE. s. Anger, rage. adv. irefidly 

I'RIS. s. 'The rnmbow, the cicQle 
round lY\e pi\^)X o^ >X» «^^\ ^^ 
fleur de ^iA 


I'RISri. adj. Belonging to Ireland. 
rt. Irishisni. 

IRK'SOME. od;. Wearisome, tedious, 
troublesome, s. irksomenesa : adv. 

I'RON. s. The hardest and most use- 
ful of the metals, adj. iror^. 

1 RON. V To smooth with an iron ; 
to shackle with irons, pr. par. 
iroHinsr; past, ironed. 

I ROiXMONGER. s. A dealer in iron. 
8. ironmongery. 

I'RONMOULD. s. A stain caused by 
oxydiitcd iron. adj. ironmoulded. 

I'RON Y. 5. A mode of speech, in 
which the meaning is contrary to 
the words, pi. ironies: adj. ironi- 
cal : adv. ironically: s. ironist. 

IRRA'DIATE. v. To shine upon; to 
emit beams of light, pr. par. irra- 
diating; past, irradiated: s. irra- 
diance^ irradiation. 

mRA'TIONAL. adj. Void of reason; 
a!)surd. s. irrationality: adv. irra- 

[RRECLAIM'ABLE. adj. Not to oe 
reclaimed, adv. irreclaimahh/. 

IRRECONCILABLE, adj. Not to be 
reconciled, adv. irreconcilably. 

IRRECOVERABLE, adj. Not to be 
regained , not to be remedied, adv. 

IRREDU'CIBLE. arf;. Not to be re- 
duced, adv. irreducibly. 

IRREF'RAGABLE. adj. Not to be 
confuted, adv. irrefragably. 

IRREFUTABLE, ad;'. Not to be re- 
futed, adv. irrefutably. 

IRREGULAR, adj. Deviating from 
rule, custom, or nature; imme^hod- 
ical. 8. irregularity: adv. irregu- 

IRREL'ATIVE. adj. Having no ref- 
erence to. adv. irrelatively. 

IRRELEVANT, adj. Not applica- 
ble ; not to the purpose, adv. ir- 
relevantly: s. irrelevancy. 

fRRELIEV'ABLE. adj. Not admit- 
tinjET relief. 

IRRELI'GION. s. Want of religion; 
contempt of religion, adj. irreli- 

gious: adv. irreligiously. 


.IRREME'DIABLE. adj. Admittu.g 
no cure. adv. irremediably. 

IRREMaVABLE. adj. Not to be 
removed or changed, adv. irre 

IRREMU'NERABLE. adj. Not to be 

IRREPARABLE, adj. Not to be re 
covered or repaired, adv. irrepa 

from blame, adv. irreprehensibly. 

IRREPRES'SIBLE. adj. Not to be 
repressed, adv. irrepressibly. 

from reproach, adv. irrq>roacha- 

IRRESIS'TIBLE. adj. Superior to 
opposition, s. irresistibility: adv. 

IRRES'OLUTE. adj. Not constant 
in purpose ; not determined, adv. 
irresolutely: s. irresolution. 

IRRESPON'SIBLE. arf;.Not respon- 
sible, s. irresponsibility. 

IRRETRIEVABLE, adj. Not to be 
repaired; irrecoverable, adv. tr- 

IRREVERENCE, s. Want of rever- 
ence; want of respect, adj. irrev- 
erent: adv. irreverently. 

IRREVER'SIBLE. adj. Not to be 
reversed, adv. irreversibly. 

IRREVOCABLE, adj. Not to be 
revoked, s. irrevocabtUiy : adv. ir- 

IR'RIGATE. V. To moisten, to 
water, pr. par. irrigating; past, 
irrigated: s. irrigation: adj. tr- 

IRHITATE. V. To provoke, to teaze, 
to stimulate, pr. par. irritJitingf 
past, irritated: adj. irritable: s. ir- 
ritation^ irritability. 

IRRUPTION. 5. The act of forcing 
an entrance; inroad, aidy irrvpfive. 

rSINGLASS. s. A glue prepared 
from the intestines of a fi'^h. 

rSLAND. s. A tract of land sur- 

i rounded by water, s. islander. 

'ISLE. s. An island ; a long walk to 


(S'OLATE. V. To detach, to sepa- 
rate, pr. par. isolating i past, iso- 

IS'SUE. V. To come out; to make 
an irruption, pr. par. issuing; 
past, issued: s. issue. 

ISTH'MUS. s. A neck of land, join- 
ing a peninsula to a continent, pi. 
isthmuses. ' 

IT. One of the pronouns. 

ITAL'IAN. adj. Relating or belong- 
ing to Italy. 

ITALIC, adj. Denoting a species 
of type. 


I'TEM. s. A new article ; a bint. 

ITERATE. V. To repeat; to ui.oi 
again ; to inculcate by frequent 
mention, pr. par. iterating; past, 
iterated: s. iteration: adj. iterati'>e. 

ITIN'ERANT. ad/. Traveling, wan- 
dering, adj. itinerary. 

ITIN'ERARY. s. A book of travels, 
pi. itineraries. 

rVORY. s. The tusk of the clephanf . 

r VY. 8. A species of creeping plan* 
adj. ivied. 


JAB'BER. V. To talk idly ; to chat- 
ter, pr. par. jabbering; past, jab- 
bered : s. jabber^ jabberer. 

JACK'AL. s. A small animal, sup- 
posed to start prey for the lion. 

JACK' AN APES. s. A monkey; a 

JACK'ASS. s. A male ass. pl.jocA:- 

JACK'DA W. s. A species of crow. 

JACK'ET. 5. A short coat, ^dyjack- 

JACOBIN, s. A friar of the order of 
St. Dominic; the name of a fac- 
tion in the French revolution, so 
railed from their assembling in the 
monastery of the Jacobin friars. 
8. jacobinism. 

J ACK-PUD'DING. 5. A zany; a mer- 
rv andrew. 

JACOBITE. 5. One attached to the 
person and family of James the 
Second of England, after his abdi- 
cation. 8. jacobitism. 

JACTITATION, s. Tossing; rest- 
lessness ; vain-bonstinnr ; a torm 
in the cnnon law, denoting a false 
pretension to marriage. 

J ACUL A'TION. *. The act of throw- 
ins a missive weapon. 

JADE. s. A horse of no spirit; a 
worthless nag; an impudent wo- 


JADE. V. To tire, to harass, to dis* 

pirit. pr. p^r. jading; pasty jaded. 
JAG. V. To cut into teeth, like those 

of a saw; to stick, as with a pin. 

pr. par. jagging; past, jagged- 

^^i'JfiggV' s.jaggedness. 
JAIL, GAOL. s. A prison, b. jailer. 
jJAL'AP. 5. A medicinal drug. 
JAM. s. A conserve of fruit, boiled 

with sugar and water. 
JAM. tj. To squeeze closely; to 

enclose an object between two 

bodies, so as to render it immova- 
ble, pr. pwc. jamming ; past, jam- 

JANE. s. A kind of fustian. 
JAN'ITOR. 8. A door-keeper. 
JANIZARY, s. One of the guards 

of the Turkish emperor, ad] jan- 

JAN SENIST. 5. One who espouses 

the religious opinions of Jnnsen< 

bishop of Yores, s. Jansenism. 
JANTY, JAUNTY, orf/. Showy, 

fluttering, iSnicnl. s. jantiness. 
JAN'UARY. s. The first month of 

the year. 
JAPAN'. V. To varnish anil embellish 

with gold and raised figures, pr. 

par. japanning; past, japanned: 

6. japan, japanner. 
JAR. t>. To sVnV.^ OT n^t\\.^ vcx^^oe* . 

larly ; lo c\aE)a\ Vo ii^N. vw ci^\«** 


tion. pr. par. jarring; paat^ jar- 
red: s.jar. 
J\R. s. A kind of earthen vessel. 
JAR'GON. s. Unintelligible talk. 
JARGONELL'£.s. A species of pear. 
J ASTER, s. A hard stone, of a bright 

green colour. 
JAUN'DICE. s. A disease, which 

makes the skin yellow. Ad^- jaun- 
J AUNT. s. A short drive, v. jaunt; 

pr. \^r. jaunting ;^ jaunted. 
JAUN'TY. adj. See Janty. 
JAVELIN. 5. A kind of lance. 
JAW. 5. The bone of the mouth, in 

which the teeth are fixed ; iu low 

language, " gross abuse." 
JAY. s. A kind of bird. 
JEAL'OUS. adj. Suspicious in love; 

emulous, s. jealousy: adv. jeal- 
JEER. V. To scoff, to mock. pr. par. 

jeei-ing; past, jeered: %. jeerer : 

adv. jeeringly. 
JEHCVaH. s. God, in the Hebrew 

JEJITNE. adj. Empty, vacant, hun- 
gry, not saturated, unaffecting. s. 

jcjvnenessy jejunity. 
JEL'LY. s. Any thjng brought to a 

glutinous and viscous state, pi. 

je.llics. adj. jellied. 
JEN'NET. s. A Spanish horse. 
JEOPARDY, s. Hazard, danger, 

peril. V. jeopardize; pr. par. j>c>p- 

a rdizing , past, jeopardized. 
JERK. V. To strike with a quick, 

smart blow ; to pull suddenly, pr. 

\i:xT. jerking; pzat^jerked: a.jerk^ 

JER'KIN. s. A jacket; a close 

JESS. s. A short strap of leather, 

tied about the legs of a hawk, 

with which it is held on the hand. 

p\. jesses: part. adj. je55«J. 
JES'SAMINE. s. A fragrant flower. 
JEST. V. To joke; to make merry 

by words or actions, pr. par.^W- 

•ng; ]>nst, jested: a. jest^ jester: 

ndv. Jestingly. 
JESVIT. s. One of a religious andW c\osft.^T.^;iLT.ioimng';past,.7oi««/ 


learned order. B.jesuiiism: adj. 
Jesuitic Jesuitical : ady.jesuiticaUy 

JET. 5. A beautiful fossil, of a 6ne, 
deep black colour ; a spout or shoot 
of water, y.jet; pr. par.^'e^ltng-, 
jpaaty jetted. 

JEW. s. A Hebrew, an Israelite, 
fern. Jewess, pi. Jewesses: adj. 

JEWEL. 5. Any ornament of great 
value; commonly, such as arc 
adorned with precious stones; 
a precious stone, y.jewd: b. jew- 

JEWS'-HARP. 5. A trump ; a kind 
of musical instrument, held be- 
tween the teeth. 

JIF'FY. s. An instant. 

JIG. s. A light, careless dance; a 
song. V. jig; pr. par. jigging, 
laasi, jigged. 

JILT. s. A woman who gives her 
lover hopes, and deceives him. 
y.jilt; ])T.^r. jilting; past,j'i7/crf. 

JING'LE. V. To clink; to sound 
with a kind of sharp rattle, pr. par. 
jingling; past, jingled: b. jingle. 

JOB. 5. Trifling work ; a piece of 
chance work ; a piece of labour 
undertaken at a stated price; a 
low, mean, lucrative affair ; a sud- 
den slab with a sharp instrument. 
v.job; pr. p^r. jobbing; pasty job- 
bed: s.jobber. 

JOCK'EY. s. One who rides horse? 
in a race ; one who deals in horses ; 
a cheat, y. jockey; pr. par. jockey- 
ing; pastf jockeyed. 

JOCOSE', orfy. Merry, iocular. s./o- 
coseness : adv. jocosely. 

JOCULAR, adj. Used in jest; merry. 
s. jocularity : adv. jocularly. 

JaCUND. adj. Merry, gay. adv.^'o- 
cvndly: s jocundity. 

JOG. V. To push; to shake by a 
sudden impulse ; to give notice by 
a sudden push ; to travel slowly, 
pr. par. jogging; pnsly jogged: » 

JOHN-DaRY. s. A kind offish. 

JOIN. V. To grow to; to unite: t« 


JOIN'ER, 8. One whose trade is to 
make utensils of wood compacted, 
s. Jmner^ joinery. 

JOINT, s. Articulation of limbs; 
hinge, v. joint; pr. par. jointing,- 
pa.sty jointed. 

JOINT, adj. Shared amongst many; 
united in the same possessions. 
d6v. jointly. 

JOINTURE, s. The wife's estate. 

JOIST, s. The secondary beam of 
a floor, v. joist; pr. paj. joisting ; 
past, joistid. 

JOKE. s. A jest. y. joke; pr. par. 
joking; past, joked : adv. jokingly. 

JOL'LY. adj. Gay, merry, plump, 
handsome, s. jollity: adv. jollity. 

JOL'LY-BOAT. s. The small boat 
of a ship. 

JOLT. V. To shake as a carriage on 
rough ground, pr. par. jolting; 
past, jolted: s. jolt^ jolier. 

JONQUILLE'. 8. A species of daf- 

JOSTLE. V. To jnstle; to rush 
against, pr. par. jostling; past, 
jostled: s. jostler 

JOT. s. A point, a tittle ; the least 
Quantify assignable. 

JOUR'NAL. 8. A diary ; an account 
of daily transactions, s. journal- 
ist: V. journalize; pr. par. jour- 
nalizing ; past, journalized. 

roUR'NEY. s. The travel of a day; 
passage from place to place, v. 
journey; past, journeyed. 

JOURNEYMAN, s. A hired work- 
man ; formerly a workman hired 
by the day. pi. journeymen. 

JOOR'NEYWORK. ». Work done 
by the day. 

JOUST, s. Jilt; tournament, mock 
fight. V. joust; pr. par. jousting; 
past, jousted. 

JOVIAL, adj. Gay, merry, cheer- 
ful. 8. jomalty: adv. jovially. 

JOWL. 8. The face or cheek ; the 
head of 

JOY. 8. Gayety, merriment; the 
passion, produced by any happy 
occurrence^ v. joy: s. jovfvlness: 
adj. JMifulf juyouj . adv. joyfully^ 


joyously: adj. joyless: adv. joy- 

JU'BILEE. s. A public festivity ; a 
time of rejoicing, adj. jubilant. 

JUDAICAL. adj. Jewish; belong- 
ing to the Jews. adv. judaically . 
8. Judaism. 

JUDGE. V. To decide; to form or 
give an opinion, pr. par. judging , 
pasti judged: a. judgment^ judger 
adj. judicatory ^ judicial: adv. judi- 

JU'DICATURE. 8. Power of dis- 
tributing justice; court of justice. 

JUDI'CIAL. adj. Practised in the 
distributing of public justice, ad v 
judicially: a. judiciary ^ pi. judi 

JUDI'ClbuS. adj. Prudent, wise 
skilful, s. judiciousness: adv. ju- 

JUG. 5. A large drinking vessel. 

JUG'GLE. V. To play tricks, by 
sleight of hand. pr. par. juggling, 
past, Juggled: a. juggler: adv. 

JUG'ULAR. adj. Belonging to the 

JUICE. 8. The liquor, sap, or water, 
of plants and fruits; the fluid in 
animal bodies. Sidy juicy, juiceiess 
8. juiciness. 

JU'LAP. 8. A kind of medicine. 

JULY'. 8. The seventh month o 
the year, so called from Julius 

JUM'BLE. V. To mix violently and 
confusedly together, pr. par. fww- 
bling; past, jumbled: s. jumble, 

JUMP. V. To leap, to skip. pr. par. 
jumping; past, jumped: s. jump, 

JUNCTION. 8. Act of joining; 
union; coalition. 

JUNCTURE. 8. The line at which 
two things are joined together, 
critical point or article of time. 

JUNE. 8. The sixth month of the 

JU'NIOR. s. Oxv^ Nws.w^«i Si«KSk 

JUH'TA, JUN'TO. », A cabal; a 

t Goda ; oau ol' the 

JCST. adj. Equiliblsj h< 
. true- i- juttice^ nut 




JtJRlS£>ic*riON. ». Legal nalhorilj; 
any authority eiteDdi. kdj.juni- 

JURJSPBU'DllNCE. t. The icience 
or law. adj. juriyiTvdml. 

lU-RIST, L One akiUefl in the 
science of law. 
U'RV. «. A compMjF of mer, 

pi. jiiria: t. juror, jttryninn 

JUS'TIKV. f. To clear rrom im- 
puted Built; to defend, pr. par. 
juilifi/oig! iMa,juit^al: t.Jiu 
tifitr, hatiHtalar. 
USTLC, JOSTLE. ». Toencoan 
ter, Id Clash, pr. par. juitUng 
ptu, jtutlid,- ■.jWUer. 
JUT. B. Tnpuih or shoot into prom. 
iDBDCPi ; In cume beyond the nuin 
bulk ; ID inn agaiiiat. pr. pu. Jul 
tirifft past, jullaL 
JU-VE-MLE. adj. VouIhlU, ]foup( 

lilily, pi. jttvnailift. 
JUXTAPOSfTlON. t. Appomtk J: 
act of placing tugelher; atale Jt 
I being placed by eaob other. 

KAIL. I. A kind of cabbage. 
KAL'ENDAB.j,Anaccounloft..._ .. 
lUnGAROa.t. An animalof South 

'V, KEL'PIE. t. A auppoaed 
it of the watera. pi. ktlfiei. 

ahead, pr. par. lailgingi pait, 
KEEC I. The boltom of a ahip. a. 
KLCI^N. I. The piece i 

KK'EN.'<4-."sharp", ae"er^ 

a. keenntii: adv. keenly. 
KEEP. e. To retain; topr«Kne; 

la tend ; lo hale care of: pr. par. 

keeping! pail,t«>l.' a.keip,httpi 
KEEPSAKE. J. A gift, in token 

KEEVE. I. A larje tub, need cbiefl; 

KE(- 1. A ima]) bureL pirl. ndj. 


hole of a to 
KEPT. Prel. 

A place for dogs; the 

kmneLinfi pB)t,ini 
and pait par. at the 
RERKEU t. The edible aubi^inre 

t'SEY. ». O 
KETCH, a. A 

ib-kclth ; 

r iBtBgum. 
, atnffi 


KETTLE-DRUM. ». A drum, of| 
-which the head is spread over a 
body of brass or copper. 

KEY. 5. An instrument used to open 
a lock ; the parts of a musical in- 
strument which are struck with 
the fingers; a certain tone, to 
which every composition of music to be adapted. 

KEY -STONE, s. The middle stone 
of an arch. 

KIBE. s. An ulcerated chilblain. 

KICK. V. To strike with the' foot, 
pr. par. kicking; past, kicked: s. 
kick^ kicker, 

KICK'-SHAW. 5. Something un- 
common, fantastical, or ridiculous. 

KID. 9. The young of a goat. v. kidj 
pr. par. kidding; past, kidded. 

KIiyNAP. V. To steal human be- 
ings, pr. par. kidnapping; past, 
kidnapped: s kidnapper. 

KID'NEY. 5. One of the intestines. 

KID;i\EYBEAx\. s. a kind of legu- 
minous plant. 

KILL. V. To deprive of life. pr. par. 
killing; post, killed: s. killer. 

KILN. s. A kind of stove, v. kiln- 
dry; pr. par. kilndrying; past, 

KIM'BO. 8. The arms are said to be 
a-kimbo^ when the hands are plac- 
ed upon the hips. 

KIN. s. Relation, either of consan- 
guinity or affinity; a relation, s. 

KIND. s. Race ; generical class; par- 
ticular nature ; sort. 

KIND. adj. Benevolent; favourable; 
beneficent, s. kindness: adv. kind- 

KINiyHEARTED. adj. Having 

great benevolence. 

KIN'DLE. V. To set on fire; to in- 
flame, pr. par. kindling; past, 
kindled: a. kindler. 

KINE. 8. An old plural for cow. 

KING. 8. A monarch; a supreme 
governor, adj. kingUke: adv. hng- 
ly: 9. kinf^dom. 

KlIVG'CRAFT. s. The art of gov- 


KINGTISHER. s. Aspecieiofbiitl 
KING'S-E'VIL. 8. A disorder, called 

also scrofula 
KINS'MAN. 8. A man of the sanvt 

race or family, pi. kinsmen. 
KINS' WOMAN. 8. A woman of the 

same race or family, pi. kinswo' 

KIRK. 8. An old Scotch word for 

KIR'TLE. 8. A garment, part, adj 

KISS. 8. Salute given by joininglips, 

pi. kisses: v. kiss; pr. par. kissing, 
past, kissed: s. kisser. 
KIT. 8. A large bottle ; a diminutive 

fiddle ; a small wooden vessel ; a 

milking-pail, like a churn. 

KITCH'EN. 8. The room where 
provisions are cooked, s. kitchen' 
earden^ kitchen-maid, Htchen-stujf 

KITE. 8. A bird of prey; a fictitious 
bird made of paper. 

KITES'FOOT. 5. A kind of plant. 
KITH. 8. Acquaintance, (used by 

the Scotch.) 
KITTEN. 8. A young cat. v. kitten , 

pr. par. kittening; past, kittened. 
KNACK. 8. A petty contrivance ; a 

toy ; a readiness ; an habitual fa 

KNAP^SACK. 8. The bag which a 
soldier carries on his back ; a bag 
of provisions. 

KNAKL'ED. adj. Knotted. 

KNAVE. 8. A petty rascal ; a scoon 

drel ; a card with a knave painted 

on it. s. knaverVy knavishness: adj. 

knavish: Bdy.knavishly. 
KNEAD. v. To beat or mingle an 

stuff or substance, — as dough, pr. 

par. kneading; past, kneaaed: s. 

KNEE. 8. The joint of the leg, where 

it is joined to the thigh. 
KNEEL. V. To perform the act of 

genuflection ; to rest on the knee. 

pr.\>BT. Jcneeling; pMi^ kneeUA. 

[ Tang aX. «l ^Mtk&x^ 


KMCK'-KNACK. i. Any trifle wr 

KNIFL. s. An edged ingtrument ated 
for cutting, pi. knives. 

KNIGHT. 8. A man advanced to a 
certain degree of military rank. 
In England, knighthood confers 
the title of Sir. v. knight ,* pr. par. 
km^hting; past, kmghted: adv. 
knightly: s. knighthood. 

KlNIGHT-ER'RANT. s. a wander- 
ing knight ; one who went about, 
in quest of adventurea. a. knight- 

KNIT. V. To weave without a loom ; 
to unite, pr.par. knitting ; past, 
knitted: aaj. hut: a. knitter. 

KNOB. s. A protuberance ; any part 
bluntly arising above the rest. adj. 
knobbed^ knobby, 

KNOCK. V. To clash ; to be driven 
suddenly together; to beat, as at 
a door, for admittance, pr. par. 
knocking; ^diSt^knodced : a. knack- 


KNOLL. M. A little roaiid hill; the 
top or cope of a mountain or hill 

KNOP. s. The bad of a flower; any 
protuberance or bunch, adji km^ 

KNOT. ». A cOk.n>lication of a eord 
or string, &c v. knoif pr. \wr. 
knotting i past, knotted: a. knttti- 
ness: adj. Knotty, 

KNOW. V. To perceire with cer- 
tainty ; to be informed of; to dis- 
tinguish; to recognise, pr. par. 
knoOringfjpMtf known: adv.Jbunv- 

KNOWL'EDGE. s. Certain percep- 
tion; learning; illumination of 
the mind. 

KNUCKLE. 9. The joints of the 
fingers, protuberant when the fin- 
gers close; the knee-joint of a 
calf. V. knuckle; pr. par. knudc 
ling; past, knuckled, 

KaRAN, ALCORAN. $, The book 
containing the precepts of Ma- 


LAB'DANUM. «. A kind of resin. 

LA'BEL. 8. A small slip; a small 
slip of writing ; any thing append- 
ant to a larger writing, v. label; 
pr. par. labeling; past, labeled. 

LA' BlkL. adj. Uttered by the lips, 
part. adj. lahiaied. 

LABOR'ATORY. s, A chymist's 
work-room. pi. laboratories. 

LABORIOUS, adj. Diligent in work ; 
requiring labour, s. whoriouSluss : 
adv. lahortouaiy. 

LABOUR, s. The act of doing what 
requires a painful exertion of 
strength ,; pains ; toil. v. U^our ; 
pr. par. Iqhouriftg; ^paat^ laboured: 
.8. labourer. 

LAB'YRINTH. s. Amaze; a place 
formed with inextricable wind- 
ings, adj. labyrinthian, 
LABUn'IVUM:s. A shrub or the cy- 


» -J 


LACE. 8. A string; a cord; oma 
ments of fine thread, curiouslv 
woven; textures of thread, wito 
ffold or silver, v. lace; pr. par. 
laeing; pest, laced. 

LA'CERATE. v. To tear, ta rend 
pr. par. lacerating; past, lacet'ated. 
8. laceration: adj. lac-ereAUf lacera 

LA'CHRYMAL. adj. Generating 

LACHRYM'ATORY. s. A vessel in 
which tears were gathered, in 
honour of the dead. pi. lachrym- 

LACK. V. To want. pr. par. lack- 
ing; past, lacked: a. laac^ lacker, 
(little used.) 

LACK'BRAIN. 8, A person that 
wants wit. 


lacker f pr. par. lackering; past, 

LACKEY, s. An attending servant; 
a foot-boy. 

LACON'IC. adj. Short, concise, adv. 
Ulconically : s. laconism. 


LACTIFEROUS, adj. Conveying or 
bringing milk. 

LAD. s. A boy ; a stripling, in famil- 
iar language. 

LAD'DEK. s. A frame made with 
steps placed between two upright 

LADE. V. To load, to freight, pr. 
par. lading; past, laded: a. lading. 

LA'DLE. s. A large spoon. 

LA'DY. 5. A woman of high rank : 
— the title of lady properly belongs 
to the wives of knights, and aJl 
titled personages of every supe- 
rior rank; to the daughters of 
earls, and of nobles ' of higher 
rank. pi. ladies: adj. ladylike: s. 

LA'DY-DAY. 8. The day on which 
the annunciation of the blessed 
Virjrin is celebrated. 

r. A'DYSLIPPER. s. A kind of plant. 

LAG. V. To loiter; to move slowlv. 

{)r. par. lagging; past, lagged: s. 

LA fC. s. One of the people, distinct 
from the clergy, adj. latcal. 

LAIR. s. The couch of a boar, or 
wild beast. 

LAIRD, s. The lord of a manor, in 
the Scottish dialect. 

LA'ITY. s. The people, as distin- 
guished from the clergy, pi. laities. 

LAKE. s. A large diffusion of inland 
water ; a middle colour, between 
ultramarine and vermilion, adj. 

LAMB. s. A young sheep, adj. lamb- 
like: V. lamb; pr. par. lambing; 
past, lambed. 

LAM'BENT. adj\ Playing about; 
gliding over without harm. 

JJiMRKIN s. A little lamb. 


LAME, adj. Crippled; disabled in 
the limbs ; imperfect ; unsatisfac 
tory. V. lame ; pr. par. laming; past, 
lamed: s. InmiBness: adv. lamely. 

LAMENT. V. To bewail ; to mourn ; 
to bemoan, pr. par. lamenting, 
psisif lamented: B.lamentilam€nia- 
iion: adj. lamentable: adv. lament' 

LAMINA, s. A thin plate ; one coat 
laid over another, adj. laminated. 

LAM'MAS. s. A festival which oc- 
curs on the first of August. 

LAMP. s. A light made with oil and 
a wick; the vessel in which the 
light is contained. 

LAMFBLACK. ». A "kind of black 
substance, made from smoke. 

LAMPOON', s. Personal satire, writ- 
ten for the purpose of vexing, v. 
lampoon; pr. par. lampooning , 
past, lampooned: s. lampooner. 

LAMPREY. 8. A fish like the eel. 

LANCE. 8. A long spear, s. lancer. 

LANCE. V. To pierce; to cut; to 
open with a lancet, pr. par. lanc' 
ing ; past, lanced. 

LAN'CET. 5. A small, pointed, sur- 
gical instrument. 

LAND. 5. A country ; a region, dis- 
tinct from other countries ; earth, 
distinct from water, v. land; pr 
par. landing; past, landed. 

LANDAU', s. A coach, of which the 
top may be occasionally opened. 

LANDFALL. 5. In naval language, 
the first land discovered after a 

LANiyGRAVE. s. A German title 
of dominion, fem. landgravine. 

LAND'HOLDER. «. One who holds 

LANiyLADY. s. A woman who has 
lands or houses, and has tenants 
under lier; the mistress of an inn. 
pi. landladies. 

LANiyLORD. 8. One who ownii 
lands or houses, and has tenants 
under him , the master of an inn 

LANiyMARK. s. A«k^ vVv\tv^ %^ w> 
to preaeiNQ VYi<& Vk^ai'Qd^xvM^ ^V 

iporent erne 

LANtJUAGE. J, Human upesch; 

tincl ftoin otheti. adi. langvagfd, 
LiVNG'UISH. ». To grow foeble; to 
pine away 1 lolookwiDi lanneH 
or tendemeaa. pr. par. hng-wiA- 
iBg; put, LmgiuilUii: iilv. /an- 
e™i*uie(y.- adj, fangW; I. tan 

LANIG'EROUS. arfj. Boflrinn wool 
LaSH. aJj. LoosPi not tillfd up 

nnt Hit, nnl plump, s. ionbwsl 

adv. btnkty. 
LASSqVESET. i. A comiiirin fcwt 

wildier; agmna at cards. 

Tor A candl« : 

taised a»cr ihe root or* buiiiUnK. 
LANII-GINOUS. adj. Downji cov- 
ered with a soft b;iir- 
LAN'YARdS. I. Short pieces of 

cord, fhatcned to aetertil machinea 

LAP !i, Towraportwiataround;to 

foldi to lick up. pr. par. tappnigi 

paat, lapped: a. b^ 
LAP. I. The part of the clothnathnt 

i( apread over Ihe kncBa. i. hp- 

djig^ ItpfMl 
r.APEL' I, That part of the eoat 

LAPlDA.K'v.TAP'IDrST, t. One 
who GnishfiB or deals la atonea or 

I.APIDES'TENT. adj. GrDwing or 

I,A?1S.V A«u.._ 

LA FIS-LAZEJ'LI. i.Tbeaiareit(jne; 

Ul'PET. t. Tbo pnrts of aheod- 

drejB which hang looas. 
LAPSE. 1. Flow, ftll, slipi fiiUure 
of a bequelt. v. lapa; pr. par. 
tasting; oaat, Inpstd. 
J.APWING! I. A clBinorDua bird 
with long wingt. , 

LAHBOARD. adj. The left lin;-a\ jiim, toldwd. 

poted to itirboard. 
jLAR'CENY. I. Theft, without vi* 

Icnce. pi. jaremiei. 
iLARCH. I. AspecieaDrcDnirerou* 

LARD. J. The gr«aie of «wiiie, » 
hrdi pr. par. iirJuij- ,■ paBl,la>J- 
I td. 
LAR'DER. a. The room where meal 

LaWLo^'. Wide, eilensiTe, plen- 
I tiful, diffuae, without restraiut. »■ 
I tuTgcnas: adv. largebf. . 
LAR'CESS. a, A prbaent, a gift, a 
I bountn. pi, targetia. 

, LABGHETTO. I- Muai- 

LABK. J. A amall sJnginE bird. 
LABK'SPUB. 1. A kind of pkol. 
LA-RUM. J. Alarm; an inEtrumenl 

LASCAR, a. A nniive mb 

E^nor, of India. 
LASCrVIOUS. adj. Lewd; 

LASH. a. A alroka with ai 


V. laih; I 

:hlnf; piet, lathti: tJasha: 
LASS. I. A ^rl I n maid. pL iatm 


LAST. 1"*?- Latest ; thflt which A* 
i»a all Ihe rcBl in timej hiud- 
loBt ; lowest. Rdl. lailly. 

LAST. n. To endure ; to continus. 


(.ATCHET. s. The string that fast- 
ens a shoe. 

LATE. adj. Contrary to early; slow; 
tardy, &,c. s. lateness: adv. lately. 

LA'TKNT. adj. Hidden ; concealed ; 
secret, s. latency : adv. latently. 

LATERAL, adl Relating or belong- 
ing to the side. s. laterality: adv. 

LATH. 5. A long thin piece of wood. 
V. UUh ,' pr. par. lathing; paattlath- 
ed : adj. lathy. 

LATHE, s. The revolving tool of a 

LATH'ER. tJ. To make a foam ; to 
cover with foam of water or soap, 
pr. par. lathering; past, lathered: 
8. lather. 

LATIN, s. The Latin language, s. 
L/atinisni^ Laiinist^ Laumty: v. 
LatirUzc; pr. par. Latimzing; past, 

LAT'ITANT. adj. Concealed; ly- 
ing hid. 8. latitancy^ latitaiion. 

LATITUDE, s. Breadth; width; 
room ; space , the extent of the 
earth or heavens, reckoning from 
the equator to either pole ; free- 
dom from settled rules ; laxity. 

strained ; not confined. 

lATTER adj. Happening after 
something else ; modern ; lately 
done or past. adv. latterly. 

LATTICE, s. A reticulated win- 
dow ; a window formed of grate- 
work. V. lattice; pr. par. latticing; 
past, latticed. 

LAUD. V. To praise, pr. par. laud- 
ing; past, lauded: s. laud^lauder^ 
laudation: adj. laudative^ lauda- 

LAUD* ABLE. adj. Praiseworthy; 
commendable, s. laudahUity: adv. 

LAUI^ANUM. s. A soporific tinc- 

LAUGH. V. To make that noise 
which sudden merriment excites, 
pr. par. laughing; past, laughed: 
H. laughf laugher J laughter: adj. 
kn^iiable: adv. lauglUngly, 


LAUGH'INGSTOCK. 9. An object 
of ridicule. v 

LAUNCH. V. To force a vessel inti 
the sea; to rove at large, pi 
par. launching; past, lavnchcd: a. 

LAUN'DRY. •, The room in whirh 
clothes are washed; the act or 
state of washing, pi. laundries: » 
laundress^ jA. lM4.ndresses. 

LAU'REATE. adj. Decked or inrefct 
ed with laurel, v. laureate; pr. pai 
laureaiing; past, laureated: g. lau . 

LAU'REL. s. A species of shrub, 
adj. laureled. 

LAURUSTl'NUS. «. A species of 
flowering shrub. 

LA'VA. s. Liquid and vitrified mat- 
ter discharged from a volcano. 

LA'VATORf. 8. A waah. pi. lava- 

LAVE. V. To wash. pr. par. laving t 
past, laved, s. laver. 

LAVENDER, s. A species of aro- 
matic plant. 

LAVISH. V. To scatter with profu- 
sion; to waste, pr. par. lavishing t 
past, lavished: s. lavisher^ Umisk 
mentj lavishness: adj. /ovisA : adv 

LAW. s. A rule of action ; a decree 
a statute or custom publicly es 
tablished; judicial process, adj 
lawful: s. laujyer^ lawfulness^ law- 
giver: adv. lawfully: adj. lawless 
8. lawlessness: adv. lawlessly. 

LAWN. s. An open space between 
woods ; fine linen, adj. lawny. 

LAX. adj. Loose; not confined, s. 
lax^ laxaiiony laxity: adj. laxaiive. 

LAY. Pret of the V. to /le. 

LAY. V. To place, to put, to wager, 
&o. pr. par. laying; past, laid. 

LAY. s. Grassy ground; meadow; 
ground unploughed, more proper- 
ly written lea; a song, a poem 

LAY. adj. Not clerical; regarding 
or belonging to the people, tt 
layman^ pi. uiajmeu. 

LAY'ER. s. \ bXt^vVvjiuv w xc»^ \"«Ow«6^ 

LA'Z^R. «. One ^filoTTMi^ ^^;w»» 


■eoQB with filthy and peitUential 

LAZARETTO, s. A hoase for the 
reception of the diseased. 

CA'ZY. adj. Idle, sluggish, slow. s. 
laziness: adv. lazily. 

LEA. s. An extensive plain. 

LEAD. V. To guide by the hand ; to 
conduct; to introduce by going 
lirst ; to induce, pr. par. leading; 
past, led: u. leader, 

LEAD. s. One of the metals. 

LEAF. s. The green deciduous part 
of plants and flowers * a part of a 
book, containing two pages ; any 
thing foliated or thinly beaten, 
pi. leaves: adj. leafed^ leafless^ l^fy. 

LEAGUE, s. A confederacy, v. 
kague; pr. par. leaguing; past, 
leagued: s. leaguer. 

LEAGUE, s. A measure of length, 
containing three miles. 

LEAK. s. A breach or hole which 

. lets in or emits water, v. leak; pr. 
par. leaking; past^ leaked: ».leak- 
age^ leakiness: adj. leaky. 

LEAN. V. To incline; to bend; to 
rest against, pr. par. leaning; past, 

LEAN. adj. Not fat; meagre ; want- 
ing flesh, s. leanness: adv. leanly. 

LEAF. V. To jump, to bound, to 
spring, pr. par. leaping; past, Ut^ 
ed: 8. leap^ leaper. 

LEAP-FROG. s. A play of children, 
in which they imitate the jump of 

Every fourth year. A common year 
has 365 days; leap-year, 366. In 
leap-year, February has 29 days, 
but in other years, only 28. 

LEARN. V. To gain the knowledge 
or skill of. pr. par. learning; past, 
learned: s. learner ^ learning: adv. 

I£ASE. s. A contract, by which a 

temporary possession is granted 

of houses, lands, Slc. v. miss; pr. 

par. Uasing; past, leased: s. lease- 


wherewith to tie any thing; a 
brace and a half. pi. leashes. 

LEAST, adj. The superlative of 

LEATH'ER. s. Dressed hides of an- 
imals, adj. kaihem, 

LEAVE. «. Grant of permission; 
allowance; farewell. 

LEAVE. V. To quit, to forsake, to 
depart from ; to have remaining at 
death; not to deprive of; to oe 
queath. pr. par. leaving; past, left. 

LEAVEN, s. Ferment mixed with 
any body, to make it light; any 
mixture which makes a genera] 
change in, the mass. v. leaven; 
pr. par. leavening; past, leavened. 

LEAVES, s. The plural of /ea/ 

LEAVINGS. «. Remnant; relics, 
refuse : — it has no singular. 

LECIITROUS. adj. Provoking lost; 
lewd. 8. lechery: adv. lecherously. 

LECTURE. *. A discourse pro- 
nounced upon any subject; the 
act or practice of reading, v. leC" 
ture; pr.par. lecturing; past, lec- 
tured: s. lecturer^ lectureship. 

LED. Pret. and past par. of the ▼• 

to lead. 
LEDGE, s. A layer ; a stratum ; :i 

ridge rising above, or projectini; 

beyond the rest. 
LEDG'ER s. An account-book. Se« 

LE^ s. That side which is oppositt 

to the wind. adj. leetvard. 
LEECH, s. A mean professor of the 

art of healing; a kind of smaP 

water serpent, v. leech; pr. par 

leeching; past, leeched. 
LEEK. s. A kind of plant. 
LEER. s. Oblique view; a laboured 

cast of countenance, v. leer; pr. 

S)ar. leering; past, leered:' adv. 

"LEES. s. Dregs; sediment. 

LEET. s. A law-day; a minor coort 
of jurisdiction. 

LEFT. Pret. and past par. of the w 
<o leave. 

LEASH, s. A /eathet thong; aband\\LES"t. adj. ^vD\ft.:Q\a\ t«\f^ 


LEG. s. The limb between the knee 
and the foot. adj. legged. 

LIlG'ACY. s. a bequest made by 
will. pi. legacies. 

LE'GAL. tidj. Done or conceived 
according to law ; lawful, s. legal- 
ity^ pi. legalities: v. legalize; pr. 
par. legalizing; past, legalized: 
adv. legally. 

LEG ATG. «. An ambassador; am- 
bassador from the pope. s. lega^ 
Hon- adj. legatine. 

LEGATEE', s. One who has a legacy 
lefl him. 

LEGATION, s. Deputation, com- 
missionf embassy. 

LEGEND, s. A chronicle or register; 
any memorial or relation ; any in- 
scription, particularly on medals 
or coins, adj. legendary. 

LEGER 5. In commercial language, 
the book into which accounts are 
finally posted. 

LEGERDExMAlN' » Sleight of hand; 

LEGER'ITY. *. Lightness ; nimble- 
nesB. pi. legerities. 

LEGIBLE, wlj. Such as can be 
read. s. legibility: adv. hgibly. 

LE'GION. s. A body, of Roman sol- 
diers, consisting of about five thou- 
sand; any great number, adj. le- 

LlS'GlSLATE V. To make laws. pr. 
par. legislating; past, legislated: 
8. legislation, legislator, legislature: 
adj. legislative: adv. legislatively. 

LEGITIMATE, adj. Lawful; reg- 
ular ; born in wedlock, v. legiti- 
mate; pr. par. legitimating; past, 
legitimated: s. legitimacy, pt. le- 
gitimacies, legitimation: adv. le- 

LEGUMINOUS, adj. Belonging to 
pulse ; consisting of pulse. 

LEIS'URE s. Frewdom from busi- 
ness or nurry. adj. leisure: adv. 

LEM'ON. s. A species of fruit. 

LEMONA'DE. s. A liquor made of 
water, sugar, and fhe juice of 


LEND. V. To afford or supply, on 
condition of repayment or return. 

J)r. par. lending; past, lent: 8. 

LENGTH. *. The extent of any 
thing material, from cud to end ; 
horizontal extension ; extent of 
duration or space, v. lengthen ; pr 
par. Ungthentng; past, lengthened 
adv. Imgthuoays, lengthwise: adj 
lengthy, tediously long: s. lengthi 

LENIENT, adj. Assuasive ; soflen 
ing ; mild. adv. leniently. 

LEN^iTY. s. Mildness, mercy, ten- 
derness, adj. lenitive: v. /em/y, 
pr. par. Unifying; past, lenifi&i. 

LENS. s. A glass spherically con- 
vex on both sides, pi. lenses. 

LENT. Pret. and past par. of the v. 
to lend. 

LE^T. s. The quadragesimal fast; 
a time of abstinence, adj. /en/en. 

Doubly convex ; of the form of a 

LENTI'GINOUS. 0^7. Scurfy; fur- 

LENTIL, s. A kind of plant. 

LE'O. s. The fiflhsign of the zodiac. 

LEOPARD, adj. A spotted beast of 

LEPER. *. One infected with a lep- 
rosy, s. leprosy: adj. leprous. 

LEPORINE adj. Belonging or re- 
lating to a hare. 

LESS. adj. The comparative of lit- 
tle. V. lessen; pr. par. lessening; 
past, lessened. 

LESSEE, s. The person to whom 
a lease is given. 

LES'SON. s. Any thing read or re- 
peated to or by a teacher; precept 

LES'SOR. s. One who grants a lease. 

LEST. One of the conjunctions. 

LET. V. To allow; to permit; to put 
to hire ; to grant to a tenant, pr. 
par. letting; past, let. 

LET. s. Hindrance, impediment. 

LETH'ARGY. s. A morbid d!c<sH*%v 
ness. p\. Ulhnrgus ; ^j^y \«ftvjw ^ 

[ adv. lethargpcoU'vf. ^^^^ 


L¥TH'EAN.a4;. Oblivious; causing 

LETTER *. A character ia the al- 
phabet, a written message; an 
epistle ; the literal meaning, v. Ut' 
Ur; pr. par. Uttering; past, Ut- 

LETTER-PRESS. *. Print; what 
is given in types from a wntten 

LETTUCE. 8. A kind of plant. 

LEVANT, s. The east, particularly 
those coasts of the Mediterranean 
east of Italy* adj. Uvantine. 

LEVEE, s. The concourse of those 
who crowd round &. man of power. 

LEVEL, adj. Even, plane, flat, 
smooth, horizontal, v. level,' pr. 
p ir. leveling; past, leveUd: s. levels 
levder^ levelness, 

LE'VER. 8. The second mechanical 

LEVERET, s. A young hare. 

LEVEROCK. 9. In Scotland, de- 
notes the lark. 

LEVI ATHAN. «. Some very large 
tish. \ 

LEVIGATE. V. To polish; to 
smooth ; to rub or grind to an im- 
palpable powder, pr. par. levigut- 
ing; past, Uvigated: a. Uvigatutn. 

fJir VITE. *. One of the tribe of Levi; 
a Jewish priest, adj. leviticdL 

LEVITY. «. Lightness; inconstancy; 
idle pleasure, pi. levities. 

LEVY: V. To raise; to raise sup- 
plies of money or men. pr. par. 
levying; past, levied: s. uvy^ pi. 

LEWD. adj. Wicked, dissolute, li- 
bidinous, s. lewdness: adv. lewdly. 

LEXICOGTRAPHER. s. A writer of 
dictionaries, s. lexicography^ pi. 

LEX'ICON. s. A dictionary. 

Li' ABLE. adj. Subject to; not ex- 
empt. 8. liability^ pi. liabilities. 

LI AR. s. One who tells a falsehood. 

LIBATION. *. The act of pouring 
wine on the ground, in honour of 
gome deity; the wine so poured. 
LrBEL. s. A defamatory writing; 

a lampoon; a declaration exhibited 
in a civil court, v. libel; pr. par. 
libeUng; past, libeled: b. libeier 
adj. libelous: adv. libelously. 
LIB'ERAL. adj. Generous ; boanti* 
ful; free to excess, s. liberaiity^ 

S'. liberalities: adv. liberaUy. 
'ERATE. V. To free ; to set free, 
pr. par. liberating; past, liberated 
8. liberation^ liberator, 

LIB'ERTINE. s. One who lives with 
out restraint or law ; a rake. adj. 
libertine: s. libertinism. 

LIB'ERTY. s. Freedom ; exemption 
from tyranny; immunity; per- 
mission ; part of a town, without 
the bounds of the corporate juris* 
diction, pi. liberties. 

LIBIO'lNOUa adj. Lewd, lustful 
s. libidinist: adv. libtdinously. 

LI'BRA. s. The seventh sign in the* 

LI BRARY. s. A large collection ol 
books, pi. libraries: s. librarian. 

LI'BRATE. V. To poise; to balance 
pr. par. librating; past, librated, 
8. libration: adj. libratory. 

LICE. s. The plural of louse. 

LI'CENSE. s. Exorbitant liberty, 
contempt of, legal and necessary 
restraint; leave, pernission. v. 
license; pr. par. licensing; past, 
licensed: s. licenser. 

UCEN'TIATE. s. One who has a 
license to practise any faculty oi 

LICEN'TIOUS. adj. Unrestrained 
by law or morality; presumptu- 
ous; u neon fined, s. lioeniiousness 
adv. licentiously. 

LICHEN, s. Liverwort. 

LICK. V. To pass over with the 
tongue; to lap. pr. par. licking 
past, licked: b. lick, ticker . 

LICK. s. In the United States, means 
a place impregnated with salt, so 
as to attract quadrupeds to enjoy 
its savour. 

Nice in the choice of food. s. lick 

Lie— LIG 

LICTOK. s. A beadle who attended 

the Roman consuls. 
LID. 8. A cover for a pan, box, &.c. 
LIE. s. Any thing impregnated with 

some other body, as soap or salt. 

LIH^ s. A criminal falsehood ; a 
charge of falsehood ; a fiction, v. 
lie,' pr. par. lyino^; past, lied: s. liar. 

LIE. V. To rest horizontally ; to lean 
upon, &c. pr. par. lying; past, lain. 

LIEGE, s. A sovereign-, superior 
lord. adj. liege, 

LIEUTENANT, s, A deputy; a 
second in rank. s. Ueuienanci/y pi. 

LIFE, s Union and co-operation of 
soul and body; vitality; anima- 
tion, pi. lives: adj. lifeless: adv. life- 
lessly: 8. lijetime. 

LIFE'-GUARD. «. The guard of a 
king^s person. 

LIFT. V. To raise from the ground ; 
to heave : to elevate, pr. par. lij't- 
ing; past, lifted: s. lijly hfler. 

LIG'AMENT. s. A band to tie parts 
together, adj. ligamental. 

LIG' ATURE. s. Any thing tied round 
another ; bandage, s. ligation. 

LIGHT. 5. The material medium of 
sight ; that body by which we see. 
V. Ught; pr. par. lighting; past,/i/. 

LIGHT, adj. Not heavy; not bur- 
chensome ; active ; slight ; gay ; 
airy; bright; clear, s. lightness: 
adv. lightly: adj. Ughi-keaded^ light- 
hearted^ light-minded. 

LIGHT'EN. V. To make light; to 
flush with thunder; to shine like 
lightning, pr. par. lighlning; past, 

LIGHTER, s. A large boat for un- 
loading ships. 

UGHT'-HOUSE. s. A high build- 
ing, at the top of which lights are 
hung, to guide ships at sea. 

UGHTTNING. s. The flash that at- 
tends thunder. 

LIGHTS, s. The lungs; the organs 
of breathing : we say lights of other 
BoimaJttf and lungs of men. 


UG'NEOUS. Mj. Made of wood. 

resembling wood. 
LIG'NOUS. adj. Of a woody sub 

LIGNUM-VI'Tk. 4. Guaiacum ; a " 
very hard wood. 

LIKEL adj. Resembling ; having re- 
semblance ; equal, s. likeness^ like- 
liness : adj. and adv. likely. 

LIKE. V. To choose; to approve: to 
b«; agreeable to. pr. par. liking 
past, liked: s. liking. 

Appearance, show, probability. 

Ll'KEN. V. To represent as having 
resemblance ; to compare, pr. par. 
likening; past, likened. 

LIKE' WISE. adj. In like manner; 
also; moreover; too. 

LI'LACH. s. A kind of tree. 

LIL' Y. s. A plant, and also its flower, 
pi. lilies: adj. liUied. 

LIMB. s. A member ; a jointed or 
articulated part of animals ; a 
bough, adj. limbed. 

LIM'BER. adj. Flexible; easily bent 
s. limbemesa. 

LIM'BERS. s. In military language, 
two wheel carriages, having boxes 
for ammunition: and, in naval 
language, little square apertures 
cut in the timbers of a ship, to 
convey the bilge water to the 

LIM'BO. 8. A feigned region border- 
ing upon hell, in which there if 
neither pleasure nor pain; any 
place of misery or restraint. pL 

LIME. s. A viscous substance, for 
catchiug birds ; matter of which 
mortar is made. v. lime ; pr. par 
limxng; past, limbed: adj. limy. 

LIME. s. A species of small lemon 
LIME'-KILN. s. A kiln in whicb 

stones are burnt to lime. 
LIME'-STONE. s. The stone of 

which lime is made. 
LIM'IT. s. Bound ; border % \\\.t»«»\ 

reac\). v. X\mX\ ot. v^t. VvxaVx*^* 

past, limited : *. WwXalVora.^^ 


LIMN. V. To draw; to paint any 
thing, pr. par. limning, past, limn- 
ed: 8. limner. 

LI'MOUS. adj. Mi^dy, slimy. 
' i*lMP. t;. To halt ; to walk lamely, 
pr. par. limping f past, limped: s. 
lintpf limper: adv. kmpingly. 

LIMTID. adj. Clear; transparent, 
s. limpidnesSy limpitude. 

IJN'DEN. *. The lime-tree. 

LINE. s. Longitudinal extension ; a 
slender string; that which has 
length without breadth, &c. &.c. 
adj. lineal: adv. lineally: ady linear: 
s. lineation. 

LINE. V. To cover on the inside; 
to strengthen, pr. par. lining; past, 
lined: s. lining. 

LLN'EAGE. 8. Race; progeny; fam- 
ily, ascending or descending. 

LINEAMENT, s. Feature ; discrim- 
inating marie in the form. 

LIN'EN. s. Cloth made of hemp or 
flax. s. linendraper. 

LING. s. A kind of sea-fish. 

LING'ER. V. To remain long in lan- 
guor or pain ; to hesitate ; to be in 
suspense, pr par. lingering; past, 
lingered: s. lingerer: adv. linger- 

LINGUADENTAL. adj. Uttered by 
the joint action of the tongue and 

L(NG'(JIST. s. A person skilful in 

LIN'IMENT. *. Ointment, balsam. 

LINK. 8. A single ring of a chain ; 
any thing doubled and closed to- 
gether ; a torch made of pitch and 
boards, v. link; pr. par. linking; 
past, linked. 

LLNK'-BOY. 8. A boy that carries a 
torch, to accommodate passengers 
with light. 

LINNET, s. A kind of small bird. 

LIN'SEED. 8. The seed of flax. 

LINSEY-WOOL'SEY. «. Stuff made 

of linen and wool mixed. 
LINSTOCK. 8. A kind of match, 

Ufned in firing cannon. 
L/JVT. s. Flax ; linen scrnped into 

M so/l woolly substance. 


LIN'TEL. 8. That part of a door- 
frame which lies aci-oss the dooi> 
posts, over head. 

LI'ON. 8. The most magnanimouii 
of beasts, fern, lioness^ pi. lionestes, 

LIP. 8' The outer part of the mouth ; 
the edge of any thing. Bdy lipped. 

LIFOTH' YMY. 8. A swoon ; a faint- 
ing fit. adj. lypothymxms. 

LI'QUATE. V. To melt; to liquefy, 
pr. par. liquating; past, liquated. 
8. Uquation: adj. ligvable. 

LI'QUEFY. V. To melt; to dissolve, 
pr. ^dx. liquefying; past, liquefied: 
s. hqvef action: adj. liquefiabU. 

LIQUES'CENT. adj. Melting, s. 

UQUEUR'. 8. A cordial. 

LI'QUID. adj. Fluid; dissolved, s. 
liquid^ liquidity. 

LIQUIDATE. V. To clear away ; to 
lessen debts, pr. par. li^idating; 
past, liquidated: s. liquidation. 

LI'QUOR. 8. Any thing liquid ; any 
strong drink. 

LrQUOKlCE. 8. See Licorice. 

LISP. V. To speak with too frequent 
appulses of the tongue to the teeth 
or palate, pr. par. lisping; past, 
lisped; B. lisp, lisper: adv. lispingly.. 

LIST. 8. A roll; a catalogue; en- 
closed ground, in which tilts are 
run, and combats fought ; a strip 
of cloth, next to the selvage. 

LIST. V. To desire ; to choose ; to 
be pleased. 

LIST. V, To enlist ; to enrol or re- 
sister; to retain and enrol sol* 
diers ; to enclose for combats ; to 
hearken to ; to listen, pr. par. list- 
ing; past, hsted 

LISTEN. V. To hear; to attend; to 
give attention, pr. par. lisiemng^ 
past, listened: s. listener. 

LISTLESS, adj. Without any de- 
termination to do one thing more 
than another ; careless ; heedless. 
8. lisllessness: adv. listlessly. 

LIT. Prei. of the v. to hgU. 
LIT'AN Y. 8 A form of supplicatory 


LIT'ERAL. adj. According to the 
primitive meaning; not tigurative; 
fbllowingthe letter or exact words, 
s. literalist, UtenUity: adv. literally, 

LITERARY, adj. Respecting let- 
ters; appertaining to literature. 
8. literature, 

LITERATE, adj. Learned. 

LITKRATL s. The learned. 

LITKARGE. s. Lead vitrified, eith- 
er alone or with a miiture of cop- 

LITHOG'RAPHY. *. The art or 
practice of ongravincr upon stone. 

LITIGATE. 0. To contest in law. 
pr. par. litigating; j>:isi^ litigated : 
8. litigant^ Utigation: adj. litigant^ 

LIT'TER. s. A kind of vehiculary 
bed; the straw laid under animals, 
or on plants; a brood of young; 
any number of things thrown slut- 
tishly about, v. litter f pr. par. lit- 
ieringi past, littered. 

LITTLR adj. Small in cjuantity or 
extent ; diminutive ; unimportant. 
8. littleness. 

LITURGY, s. Form of public 
pravers. adj. liturgic^ Hturgical. 

LIVE. V. To be in a state of life ; to 
exist ; to be nourished, &c. pr. par. 
living; past, lived: s. liver: adj. 

LIVE'LIHOOD. 8. Support of life; 

IJVE'LY. adj. Brisk; vivacious; 
gay ; airy ; energetic, s. liveliness. 

LIVER. *. One of the entrails. 

LIVERY. ». The act of giving pos- 
session ; state of being kept at a 
certain rate ; the clothes given to 
servants; a particular dress, pi. 

LIVID, euij. Discoloured, as with a 
biow ; black and blue. s. lividness., 

Ll'VRE. s. A French coin, value 

alxiiit 18 cents. 
LlX-lVIUM. s. Lie; water imprej^- 
'ntft'Kt with alkaline salt, Slc. adj. 

itxivia/^ lixiciaiey liximated. 


LIZ'ARD s. An animal resembling 
a serpent, with legs. 

LO. ird. Look, behold. 

LOAD. V. To burthen; t(» freight; 

to encumber; to charge a gun. 

pr. par. loading; past, haded: s, 

LOAiy-STAR. s. The pole-star; the 

LOAiySTONE. *. The magnet. 

LOAF, s, A mass of bread ; a maai 
of refined sugar, pi. loaves. 

LOAM. s. Fat, unctuous, tenaciou 
earth, adj. loamy. 

LOATH, adj. Unwilling, not inclin 
ed, disliking. 8. loather^ loathing. 
adj. loathsome: u. loathsomeness. 

LOATHE. V. To hate, to abbor, to 
consider with the disgust of satiety. . 
pr. par. loathing; past, loathed. 

LOAVES, s. The plural of loaf. 

LOBBY, s. A narrow passage in a 
house, pi. lobbies. 

LOB& s. A distmct part :— common- 
ly used for a part of the lungs. 

LOB'STER. s. A kind of crustaceous 

I/yCAL. adj. Having the properties 
of place; relating to place; con 
fined to a particular place, s. lo- 
cality^pl' localities: aav. locally. 

LOG A'TE. V. To place ; to fix in a 
particular place, pr. par. locating 
past, located: s. location. 

LOCH. s. A lake. 

LOCK. s. An instrument ased to 
fasten doors, &.c. the part of a gun 
by which fire is struck ; a chamber 
in a canal, for raising and lower 
ing boats; a tufl. v. lock; pr. par 
locking; past, locked. 

LOCOMaTION. s. Act or powc 
of changing place, adj. locomotive 

LO'CUST. s. A devouring insect ; a 
kind of tree. 

LODGE. V. To place in a temporary 
habitation ; to afford a temporary 
dwelling; to place; to fix; to lie 
flat. pr. par. lodging ; pa8t<«2o<if^dL 
8. lodge, lodger, V>ai^ivg. 

,LODGEfME:j«a:. %. \y>»^v<^ « 

*X)F— LON 

coLocation in a certain pbce; 
poMsession oi' the enemy's work. 

LOFT. s. The highest door; rooms 
on high. 

IjOF'TV. adj. High; elevated; sub- 
lime ; proud ; haughty. 8. lofliness: 
adv. lojlity. 

L(Xi. s. A shapeless bulky piece of 
wood; a piece of wood, which, 
with its line, serves to measure 
the course of a ship at sea. 

LOG'ARITHMS. ». The index of 
the ratios of numbers, one to 
another, adj. logarithnuCf loga- 

LOG'-BOOK. «. A register of a ship's 
way, and other naval incidents. 

LOG'GERHEAD. s. A dolt ; a block- 
head, adj. loggerheaded, 

LXyGIC. 5. Tiie art of reasoning. 
&dj. logical: adv. logically: s. logi- 

WXJOM'ACHY. s. A contention in 
words ; a contention about words. 

WG WOOD. s. A species of die- 

|X)IN. s. The back of an animal, 
carved out by the butcher. 

LOITER. V. tolinffer; to lounge; 
to idle. pr. par. loitering; past, 
loitered: s. loiterer. 

(^OLL. V. To lean idly ; to rest la- 
7ily against any thing ; to hang out 
— useS of the tongue, pr. par. loU- 
ing; past, lolled: s. idler. 

LOL'LARD. s. A name given to the 
first religious reformers in Eng- 
land ; one ofthe followers of Wic- 

LONE. adj. Sk)litary; nnfVequented; 
single. 8. loneliness: adv. lonely. 

LONG. adj. Not short; extended; 
tedious, adj. long-lived, long-suf 
Jering, long-tongued: adv. long- 
wayst lonewise. 

LO.VG. V. To desire earnestly; to 
wish with eagerness continued. 
Dr. par. longing j past, longed: s. 
tnnging: adv. longingly. 

LONGBOAT, s. The largest boat 
belonging to a ship. 
LOjYGE. s a thrust with t sword. 


LONGEVITY. *. Ungth if hfe. pi. 

LONGIM'ETRY. «. The art or prac 
tice of measuring distances. 

LON'GlTUDE. s. Length ; the great- 
est dimension ; the circumference 
of the earth, measured from any 
meridian ; the distance of any part 
of the earth to the east or west oi 
any place, adj. longitudinal: adv. 

LONG-WINDED, adj. Long-brealh- 
ed; tedious. 

LOO. 8, A kind of game at cards. ▼. 
loo; pr. par. looing; past, looed. 

LOOK. V. To direct the eye to or 
from any object; to expect; to 
seem. pr. par. looking; past, look' 
ed: 8. looker, 

LOOK'ING-GLASS. s. A reflecting 

LOOM. s. The frame in which 
weavers work their cloth. 

LOOM. V. To appear unnaturally 
large at sea. pr. par. loonUng; past, 

LOON. s. A mean lazy fellow 

IXX)P. s. A double, through which 
a string or lace is drawn, v. loojt 
pr. par. looping; past, looped: % 

LOOSE. V. To unbind; to untie; to 
relax, pr. par. loosing; past, loosed, 
8. looseness: adj. loose: adv. loosely. 

LOOS'EN. V. To untie ; to part ; to 
separate, pr. par. loosening, past 

LOP. V. To cut or chop short, pr 
par. lopping; past, Icpp^ n, lap 
pery loppings. 

LOQUA'CIOUS. adj. Talkative, a. 
loquacity: adv. loquaciously. 

LORD. s. A monarch; a ruler; f 
roaster; a nobleman : a genera] 
name for a peer of England. ▼ 
lord; pr. par. lording; past, lord 
ed: 8. lordlineas: ad], lord-like 
adv. lordly: s. lordship, 

LORE. s. Instruction; knowledge 

LOR'iCATE. V. To plate over, pr 

\paT. loricating; past, loricaied: • 

LOSE B. To forfeit by unj 

1 an it not to Jild. pi"- p«r. 
poBt, /nrf.- M. JoW, pL /i««i. 

(J)rTERr. ». Abjidb of chance. 

LOUD. ml). Xoiay; Clunoioni. >. 

loudiuii' ad*. JuWilv. 
tOUGH- J. Aiuke; f large inland 

LOUIS D^QVL s'\ golden coin of 

France, Talued it aboal twenty 

•hillinj. iiHrliiig. 
LOUNGE. B. To idle; to li»flli.»ily. 

pr- par. hangiagi past, laiaigcd! 

t. lounetT: 
LOUSt;. J A ipeciea at insect, pi. 

iicc: adj. ioujy.- odv. JmmJj.- a. 

LOUriSli, nd;. Clownish. ad». lavl- 

LOVi:. n. To resnrd with iianlonate 
ilTtictlDn; to deiiifht In. {if. pan 
lonlig ; pagl. 'obrT: i. bnc, lovrr, 
jDDDigTiew; adj. iouc/v; ad'. JotwJji, 
lociagly: *. locc-faiiintr, loce-knol, 
laei-Uller, bm-Jhilfli iam-mig, 
lam-lokea: adj. (oMjrict. 

LOW. arfj". Hat Wgh ; not deep; not 
derated; jngiiD. >, Jomr; pr. par. 
loaerin^: pait, loiMra/.- a. fois- 
Hnt, Imeerrr.' Ad*, toah/: a. Isu- 

LOW. i. To bellow aa a cow. pr. 

par. inirisr; pa*t,iinm</.. a. Imoi'iig-. 
LOWER. r.Toappeardarh,itormj 

■nd gloomy; to Ih.wn. pr. pu-. 

^H^enAg'> pait, iome w .' ■. unotr: 

adi Ininrfnf .- adv. Imaermgli/. 
LOW"ERM0ST. ndj. Loweat. 
LOWIANO. J. A Tow country, 
LOWSFIR'ITED. orfj. Dejcciedi not 

iiTp\v\cav/ird\y. i-IotoipiTitttlnas- 
LOrAL. adi.Obodiontitrut lathe 

dr. '^"^ 

LOZTNGE. I. A R'nuof medicise 
M held in the momh till in.di 
, a cake of piCKtved Iruila. 
LUIfBER. I. A aliirdr drune. k 

boobv. adT. lMbl«^f. 
LU'BBIcaTI!. *. To mnke smooth 

or slippery, pr. par, b'/iHcating, 

pul, tuAncafai; s. fubriciifDr, f» 

bricily; adj, Jbbn'ccwj. 
LU'CE.\T. ndj. Shiaine; aplendii. 
LUCERJNE a. Aipeciaanrplaiil, 
LU'CID. adj. Shining; pnllucid 

une. a. iudiily, /uciiinui.- adr 


Oiling IhihL adv. tucifiroaiig. 
L U'CI FORM. d^i'. Hiiiiig ihe Qstut 

of light. 
LUCK. I. Chance; fortune, adj 

iuckyr i. ludanai: adr. Ivdiil:/: 

adj, htklan. 
LU'CBaTIVE nJ;:Gainriil,proliin. 

hie, a, hicratiJuntU! adv. Jucrn- 

Lti'CRE. I. Gain, proiit. 

LU'CUiiBATE. u. To atudy by can. 
dle-li«ht. pr. psr. fticnira ling , 
paat, luciiAralaf .. a iucv^ralJDn. 

LU-CULENT. od)'. Clear, ceruin. 
ndv. lucuifHth- 


Ttan: adv. ludicnnatu. 
LUFF, «. To keep cloce tolh» winil. 
pr par, hiffing; p»*t, lujfU: 1. 

LU&'a. The ear; > kind oT tmall 

LUa, ..To drag l)ylh8ear;tn pull 

LUGGAGE. 5. Anything 

idv. luiewanaly. 
CAnirMalo tlEen, (c 
J. hllit<s! paal, I'lBnL 
. A«m^V> i>^^'Biiw«i 

LIIMUA-Ca I. Fain abovl the loi 


;LL"SORV,fli/j.i;seJinpky; ipoitirt 

Ituring, pan, tailtd : udj. 
_ . » ot I ivsljid.- t luiljviata: adv. liut- 

;»n).thingverirbulky /„rfj, 
toiisvaluo-v. lumiej-- 1 


narTtS: ndj- baniiui 
dy; 1. fummotrinc 
hapeleu maw,; i 

LUNATION. ». A re.olulion of i 

LUNCH, LUNCH'EON. s. Ai mi, 
food as Dn:'B h^cl con hold: 
meal between breikfiet and \K 

■ 'LUSTRE. «. BriehtnMS, splendoor. 

iLUSTHliVG. J. A ahinidg giik. 
STY. adj. Stout; ligoroui. «. 
Tiifincra.' adf. /uidTy. 
LUTA'RIOUS, orfj. Uvinn in mud; 
' or the colour ai' mud. 
^ LUTE. s. A Elringed iuslrumeut of 

'LUTE. a. A composition with which 

luff,- pr. pur, hiSrig; pail, haiti 

i. ndj. Deni 

;ring o/ 1 
.ting II.. 

LUNT. .. Th8 inaloh«!ord v 

which guDB are iired. 
LU'PIKE. t. A hind of pulse. 
LURCa ». A forlorn or desoi 

LURE, (. An enticenwnl. i. lun,- 

pr. par. hiring! past, Ivrtd. 
LU'RfD. adj. Gloamy, dumal. a. ht- 

rUbiaa: adr, htnd^. 
LURK, B,Tolieinirait; to lie 

den, pr. par- lurlanf; put, I 

td: s. iurJtw. 
LUS'CIOUS. adj. Sweet, plensing. 

rloying. g, luicioumeu i adv. lui- ^ 


ILUTULENT. a^. Muddy. 

i; LUXUTtlANT. orfj.Eiuberantu* 

peiiluousl)' plentcoui, a. liamii 

aact, bizui-ianejr,- ais.bixnrtimlfg. 

V, l-wcvriale i pr. f3T. hauriathig, 

i LUXTJRY. I. ¥oluptuoa.neM; »d- 

LVDIAN, ndj. A 

; adj. tuzu 

M: Bd<. . 

!. LYE. r. See U\. 

. Water ; Iranaparent, 


H^CAPffNI. 1, A kind of paitellMACAW. ■. A large apeciei of 
mtal. biiiled in broth; a aort of ptrrol. 
•iroll iifiol; iPap. llMACE. i. An eniitrn or aotVir):*, 


home before magistrates ; a kind 
of spice, s. mace-bearer. 

MVCERATE. v. To make lean ; to 
wear away ; to steep almost to so- 
lution, pr. par. macerating; past, 
macerated : s. maceration. 

IIACHIAVE'LIAN. s. A followerof 
the opinions of Machiavel. adj. 
machiiioelian: s. machiavelLim. 

MACHINA'TION. s. Artifice, con- 

MACHI'NE. 5. Any complicated 
v/ork, in whicli one part contrib- 
utes to the motion of another; an 
engine, s. ntackuiery^ pi. machine- 
ries^ machinist. 

M ACK'AREL. s. A kind of sea-fish. 

MAD. adj. Disordered in the mind; 
furious, s. madness: adv. madly: 
adj. mad-brained: s. mad-cap., mad- 

MAD'AM. 5. The term of compli- 
ment, used in addressing a lady. 

MADDEN. V. To become mad; to 
make mad. pr. par. maddening; 
past, maddened. 

M\D'DER. s. A plant used in dying. 

MADE. Fret, and past par. of the v. 
to make. 

M.ADErR-\. 5. A rich wine, made 
at the island of Madeira, pronounc- 
ed Ma-da'-ra. 

M^^DON'NA. s. A name given to 
pictures of the Virgin Mary. 

MAiyRIGAL. 5. A pastoral song; 
inv light, airy, short song. 

MAGAZI'NE. *. A store-house; 
commonly an arsenal or armory, 
or repository for provisions; a mis- 
cellaneous pamphlet. 

M AG 'GOT. 5. A small grub. adj. 

MA'GIC. s S:)rcery; enchantment, 
adj. magical: adv. magically: s. 

MAGISTE'RIAL. adj. Such as suits 
a magistrate or a master; lofty; 
arrogant ; despotic, adv. magiste- 

MA'GiSTRATE. *. A man invested 
with authority; a governor, s. 
magistracy y pi. magistracies* I 


MAG'NA CHAR'TA. 5. The gre« 
charter of liberties, signed in Ling 
land, by King John. 

MAGNANIMITY. *. Greatness of 
mind. adj. magnanxinmis . Adv 

MAGNE'SiA. 5. A white alkaline 
earth, used in medicine. 

MAG'NET. s. The loadstone; the 
stone that attracts iron, adj mag- 
netic^ magnetical: adv. mMgneiical* 
bj: s. magnetism. 

MAGNIFICENCE, s. Grandeu- of 
appearance ; splendour, adj. mag* 
nijicent: Sidv. mogni/icenily. 

MAGNIFY. V, To make great; to 
exaggerate ; to exalt, pr. par. mttg- 
nifying; past, magnified: a. mag- 

MAG'NITUDE. s. Greatness; com- 
parative bulk. 

MAGNaLIA. 5. A kind of flowering 

MAG'PIE. s. A kind of bird. 

MAHOG'ANY. *. A kind of reddish 
wood. pi. mahoganies. 

i. A mussulman ; a professor of 
the religion of Mahomet, s. JlTo- 
hometardsm: 2id\. JMahometan, 

MAID, MAIDEN, s. A woman un- 
married ; a virgin, adj. maiden^ 
maidenly^ maidenlike. 

MAIL. s. A coat of steel network, 
worn for defence ; any armour ; a 
postman's bundle ; the conveyance 
by which the bag of letters is sent, 
v^ mail; pr. par. mailing; past, 

MAIM. V. To deprive of any neces 
sary part ; to cripple, by loss of a 
limb. pr. par. maiming; pastj 

MAIN. adj. Principal; chief, adv. 

MAIN. 5. The ocean. 

MAIN'LAND. s. The continent. 

MAIN'MAST. *. The chief or middle 

M AIN'SAl [^ s. The at^il ^^ \.Vv«iXKvYBw 

ilAlNl'AlN'. a. ta prtuivt; tol 

wUh the neeeoirLci of life, pr. 
par- maintaining! px^i laainttnn- 

MAUSTOe.ii Tlio'tupofihoio*; 

MAlfi'VARD. *. The v»rd of t 


miscliief. 1. mB;.™«MMIt 

imblp nu- 

MALrCK'. ndj. Unnit 

Iv- mafignlh, 
MALIG'NAKT. adj. Mn 


\IZE. J. Indinn corn. 

'ESTY. I. Dignily; gpandco 

vilion uf ippBinmcB ; the lit 

pl.i ■ ■ 

a{ kiilgB uid qui 

adj. mniu/ie; ndi. majudeuify. 
ftlA'JORwf;. Greater, unior, elder. 

H. rnajority, pi. mdioHfiu. 
MA'JOK. J. I'iie officer acil tbore 

■ ciiptain. 
MAJOR'ITV. >. Stnte of bein^ of 

Tull age; office ora Diajor. pl.nui- 

KlAKiC v. Tu fnrm, to cr»le; lo 
compel; la raiie ai prollt. &c. 
pt. pn^. makingi pan, nurfi.- a. 


0^ maiignnttf. 
MAlSl. t, A ki idjir beatET DC ham- 

■ J - '"^ 

MAL'LAJIO, I. The drake of the 

ild il'icli. 

MALLEABLE, ailj. Capable orb«- 
' ig apread by bpntiiig with q batn 
ler. s. tnal&abilili/, pi. malltaLU 

MAL'LET. I. A I'onJen hammer. 
MALLOWS, t A kind of plaoi. 

■1- grape; ■ 


kind of wine. 




per. pL. maladus, 
MALAOA.-1. A kinder 

ported Trom Malagt. 
MAL'API^IRT. adj. Saner 

with impudence. (. mo/a 

aril, raalapnily. 
MALE. 1. The he of «nr apecioi. 

adj. mn(«. 
MAL'CO\TENT, ).Onewho is <ii>- 

aotiBfied. adj. malamlait: a. mid- 

MALEDFL'TION. j. a ciirae; de- 

AftLEFACrrOR. I. An oBender 

'MALEF-IC. oi/j.Miachiei 


Practice con- 

MALT. «. Grain ateeped in water, 
aail dried- J nojt ; pr. pur. null- 
iitg; B«ti,tiuillid: i.malltUr. 

MALTKEAT. D. ToUee with rm>Bl>* 

irtaliag; p«M, mnllttaled; a. mat 
trtaier. nudtrratmmU 
MALVERSA'TION. ». Misheha 

MAM'ELUKli I. A cavali} aoldiel 

MAN. !. A human being; the male 

MAN. V. To J'uinUh H-ith men ; 10 
^A. pi. par. manning, 

MAN'ACLE LAchainrarlhehanda 


l£^B. Tc 

ricU. 1 


managing; pasl, numofrn': ■■ man 
a^tmcnl, tnimngrc- ndj. majtagt 

«. adj. mateiio-| "'/'.■ idv. maiiagwbhj. 

'<S- MANCH'ET, (. A small UaCot tn» 

if dl!ai||il ; de-ll bleuL 


MANDARIN', s. A Chinese noble- 
man or magistrate. 

MAN'DATli. s. Command ; precept ; 
commission sent or transmitted, 
adj. mandatory. 

MANDRAKE, s. A kind of nlant. 

MAN'DREL. 5. An instrument used 
in a lathe. 

MANE. s. The hair which hangs 
from the neck of horses or other 

M ANE'GE. s. A place where horses 
are trained, or horsemanship 
taught, pronounced ma-wfje. 

MA'NES. s. Ghostf shade, pronounc- 
ed ma'-nes. 

MAN'GANESE. s. A kind of mineral. 

MANGE, s. The itch or scab in cat- 
tie, adj. mangy. 

MAN'GER. *. The trough or vessel 
in which animals are fed with corn. 

MANG'LE. tJ. To lacerate; to cut 
or hack to pieces; to press with a 
mangle, pr. par. mangUng; past, 
mangled: s. mangier. 

MANG'LE. s. A rolling press fbr 
smoothing linen ; a calender. 

MANG'O. 5. A kind of Indian fruit, 
used for pickling. 

MANGROVE. 5. A species of plant. 

MAN'HOOD. s. Human nature. 

MA'NIA. s. Madness, rage. 

MANIAC, s. A mad person. 

M/VN'IFEST. adj. Plain, open. v. 
■manifest: pr. par. manifesting; 
past, manijested : s. manifestation^ 
mantjesiness : adv , manifestly. 

M AN'IFEST. *. The written particu- 
lars of a ship's cargo. 

MANiFES'TO. *. Public protesta 
tion. pi. mantjestoes. 

M AN'IFOLD. a^;. Of different kinds; 
many; complicated, adv. mani- 


MAN'IPLE. s. A handful; a small 
band of soldiers, adj. miauyular 
8. manipiilation. 

MAN'KIND. s. The race or species 
of bumao helntrs, 


MAN'NA. s. A gum, or honey-like 
juice, collected into a solid form. 

MAN'NER. 5. Form; method; cus- 
tom ; mien ; sort. s. mannerliness 
adj. and adv. mannerly. 

MAN'NERIST. s. A person who per 
forms all his works in one unvan 
ed manner. 

An operation of military tactics 
a stratagem ; any kind of manage 
ment. v. matueuvre; pr. par. ma 
nauvring; past, manauvred: s. 

MAN'OR. s. A certain district oi 
land. adj. manorial. 

MANSE. 5. A parsonage-house. 

MAN'SION. 9. The house erected 
on a manor ; a house adapted for 
a permanent residence ; place of 

MAxN'SLAUGHTER. s. Murder; 
the act of killing a human being, 
not wholly without fault, thougl) 
without malice. 

MAN'SLAYER. s. One that has kill- 

ed another. 
MAN'SUETUDE. s. Mildness, gen- 

tleness, tameness. 

xMANTELET*. s. A small cloak : in 
fortification, a kind of movable 
pent-house, driven before the pi- 
oneers to shelter them from tne 
enemy's shot. 

MAN'TLE. s. A kind of cloak, v. 
mantle; pr. par. mantling; past, 

MAN'TLE. V. To be expanded ; to 
spread luxuriantly; to froth; t 
ferment, pr. par. mantling; pas* 

MAN'TUAMAKER. *. One who 
makes gowns for women. 

MAN'UAL. adj. Performed or used 
by the hand. adv. manually: s. 

MANUFACTORY, s. The practice 
of making any piece of workman 
ship; the place where mavv.wC^», 
lure 18 earned on. ^V manMyas-tA 


MANUFACTURE, s. The practice 
of making ar.^ piece of workman- 
ship; any thing made by art. v. 
manufaciure i pr. par. mantc/oc- 
turing; past, manufactured: 8. 

MANUMrr. V. To release from 
slavery, pr. par. manumitting { 
past, manumitted. 

MANUMIS'SION. s. Act of manu- 

MANU'RE. V. To enrich with some 
fertilizing matter, pr. par. manur- 
ing ; past, manurm : s. mjanure. 

MAiYUSCRIPT. 8, Hand-writing; 
a written book. 

MAN'Y. adj. Numerous; not few. 

MANY-COLOURED, adj. Having 
various colours. 

MAP. a. A delineation of countries. 

MA'PLE. s. A kind of tree. 

MAR. V. To injure; to spoil, pr. 
par. morrtng"/ past, marred. 

MARAU'DE. V. To plunder, pr. par. 
marauding; past, marauded; s. 

MAR'BLE. s. A kind of stone; a 
little ball, supposed to be mndeof 
marble, with which children play. 

MAR'BLE. V. To variegate or vein 
like marble, pr. par. marhUng; 
past, m/irbled. 

MARCH, s. The third month of the 

MARCH. V. To move in military 
form ; to walk m a grave, delibe 
rate, or stately manner, pr. par 
marching; past, marched- s. ma^cA, 
pi. marches. 

MARCH'IONESS. s. The wife of a 
marquis ; a lady raised to the rank 
of marquis, pi. marchionesses. 

Mare. *. The female of a horse. 

MARES'CHAL. s. A marshal. 

MAR'GIN. s. The verge; the bor- 
der; the edge of a page, led blank, 
adj. marginaL 

MAR'GRAVE. s. A title of sove- 
reignty, m Germany, fem. mar- 

MANGOLD, s. A kind of yellow 
/fo iver. 


MARI NE. adj. Belonging to tYiei 
MARl'NE. s. A soldier taken un 

shipboaird, to be employed in de> 

scents upon the land, &.c. 
M AR'iNKR. s. A seaman ; & sailor. 
MARITAL, adj. Pertaining to i 

MAR'ITIME. adj. Performed on the 

sea; naval ; bordering on the sea. 
MAR'JORAM. s. A species of fra« 

grant plant. 
MARK. 5. A token ; a stamp; notice 

taken ; any thing at which a mis- 
. sile weapon is directed ; a sum oi 

thirteen shillings and four pence. 

V. mark; pr. par. marking; past, 

marked : s. marker. 
MAR'KET. s. A public time, and 

appointed place, for buying and 

selling; purchase and sale. v. mar- 

ket; pr. par. marketing; -past, 

marketed: s. marketer: adj. mar 

ketaJble: s. market-town. 
MARKS'MAN. s. One skilful in hit 

ting a mark. pi. vfuirksmen. 
MARL. 5. A kind of fertilizing clay 

adj. marly: s. marl-pit. 
MAR'LINR s. Long wreaths of un 

twisted hemp, dipped iu pitch. 
MARLINESPIKE. s. a small piece 

of iron, for fastening ropes to- 
MAR'MALADE. s. The pulp of 

quinces or of oranges, boiled with 

MARMOSET, s. A small monkey. 
MAR'MOT. s. A small animal, call- 
ed mu3 alpinus. 
MAROON'. 8. A free, or a runaway 

negro, living in the mountains in 

the West Indies. 

of the second order of nobility, pi. 

marquises^ marquesses: s. mar^ 

MAR'RIAGE. s. The act of uniting 

a man and woman for life. adj. 

MARROW. *. An oleaginous suh 

stance, contained within the bones. 
MAR'ROWFAT. *. A kind of pea. 
iNl\KKX . "o.To vaJfc.^ fet Vv\«V»nd oi 


HARSH. «. A r«n; 1 bag; a sHamp. 

pi. marahti: adj. manhy. 
MARSH-MAL'LOW- a- A kind of 

MAR'SHAL. S. The chiefofficef o 

arms ; anj ana who KguUlei ran 

or order at » feasliOT aiij otht 

MAR™HA^L,11. ToBrrangej lonn 
in order, pi- par. nutriAolinj;,- pas' 

MART. 1. A market; a 'placs 

MAB-TUI- adj. Wtttlike, given t 

MARTINET. ». A strict mUitar 

MARTINMAS, i. iTie feast of St. 

Martin; the lllhuf Noscmber. 
M AR'TVR. J. One who, by hia death, 

taring; paat,inartyTOi: a. mnrtjr 

MARTYROLOGT. .. A regisler of 
marttrs. ti], marigrologia. 

MAB'VEL a a wonder; wy Ihing 
astoniahmg. pr. pat. marveling; 
part, mnrufJed.- aJj. nuirceUaus: 
adT. maraeWowJj ,■ «. momeUirai. 

MASCULINE. aJj. Mnlo; rcaem. 

fif B: maicuiiiunas. 
MASK. f. Anything mi ngliJ OTbeat. 

en logether into an undistineaisli. 

ed or confused body, v.maihi pr. 

pii.maihing; past, nuiAsL 
MASK. 3. A coyer to diagiiiBe (he 

(ice; ati3or;»Al!UaM\cyeit<i> 

■tulilT. pr. par. tniuftinj-,- pail, 


offrec and accepted, adj. a 
B. masonry. 
MASQtICftA'DE, i. A oi.e. 

pr. t>ir. mas^radinir: past, . _ 
(Ufroded: a. masqutradtr. 
1AS8. J. Abody; a lump; alargt 
qimnlitv; aasemlilage ; theaerrici 

MAS'SIVE.oJi'. Heavy; pDnderoiw. 
B, nuasivtnai; adv. masriittli/. 

MAST. 1. The .beam raiiedabove 
T«ae«1, to which the lail ia fiiei); 
the fruit of the Dak and bceth. 

MASTER. I. One who hasJiecTanUi 
adiroctor. a sDvernur;an ovuer j g 
j'DunggentlemQn; tine who teach- 
es: a man eminently skillbl in . 
practice or KOieneo. ». master, 
pr. par. mjnlering! ^laat^-maiUred. 
adv. miultrlv! t.maatcru, 

MASTER-KEY. j. A kcj which 
opena manv l«l.a. 
lASTERPIECE, ». Anj thing doM 
or made with Hitnordinary ekM. 

MASTER-STROKE. .. Capital per- 
formance; an able act ol^policjr. 

MASTIC. I. A kind of gum; a kin< 

MAsTICATlOi*. *. Tha act rf 

mn.iticitling; past, majii'cnteA 
MAS'TIFF. * AdOBOflhelargeit 

3 game* of 

•jia:iiiigi onst, mnlltd, 


principal cards ii 

MATCH. 3. Any thing that calchei 

amaVl tbi^ at ■«iiQ4,Sv^^i"«i™»i«j. 

I wlj. nuUch- 

m. match, pi. nmlcJia wlj. i 

M,\TCH-I.OCK. ). Th« lock o 
muBkcl, lo which t tnatub u 

MATE. I. A companiati ; the BGDOad 

MA'm*T™m!Sch"tom«.y. pr 

nar, mnting; past, mdiAJ. 
HATE'RIAL. adj. Conibtin^ ol 



HaTER'NAL. od('. Motherly; be 

fitting 01 pertaining to i malhet 

t. nttUtrmlii- 
MATilKMATICS. >. The iclenci 

which contemplate! whatever I. 

capable orbeing numbered or mca 

iad: , 

I. nvithtmaticatly. 


mnrning. b. matinj^ mctr 


lATttlClDE. -I." Slaughtpr of a 

TE. ». To 
iniherahip of 

in?,' put, matriml 


lilliwT. pL m 


iaiti: g. matri- 

It foriaed bjr tappaiiXxoa. 

Matter. V-To he or importance-. 
'. par. mattet-ingi paal, maUerftli 
MATTKASS. *. A kind of bed. pL 

MATURE'. Bdj. Ripe; perrHcted by 


r; pr. p»r. 

L. e. To beat; 10 bniiK. pr 

MAUSOLE'UM'. j. a pompouj fu 

'. t. The ato'mach of en uii- 
I; iheciawnfobird. 
MAVV'K'ISH. eili. Apt to cauK 



MAX'ILARY. LdJ. Belonging 
MAX'IM. t. A eencral principle; u 
MAXIMUM. 1. The greateel qium- 
MAY- T. To be at \i\,tnj; to b« 

f, s-The Eflh month of tha 

far. a. may-diy, the firat ds^ oi 

lay : a. mny-pali. 

MAY. e. To gather flawera on Maj 

day. pr. par. mnjriiig-; paai, ainyrd. 

MAV'OR. I. The chief magiMnta 

of a cily. rem. mnyoraa, pi. mny- 

oraitt; mayoro/(y, pi. niasorn(Ji«, 

MAZE. I. A labyrinth; confusior 

of thought, adj. maty. 
ME. jirtn. The objeetivo caae of / 
MEAD. s. A kind of drink, modeiit 

MEAO, MEAiyOW. i. I^iature nr 
srasj-land, nnnually mowed fur 

MEA'GRE, ndj. Lean, noor. a. ata- 

grriuil! idt.tnrngr,}!/. 
MEA1» J. A repmt; the flour or 
pari of corn. adj. neoiy.' ■ 

MEAL'y'mOUTH'ED. ^. Uaixa 

. ». mealy-mimlhtdnaii, 
IMEAK u^. WuitUe disnlK; at 


low rank or birth; low-minded; 
base ; middle, s. meanness • adv. 

MEAN. s. Mediocrity ; middle rate ; 
measure ; instrument ; that which 
is used in order to any end : more 
generally used in the plural ; — as, 
a means. 

MEAN. V. To have in the mind ; to 
purpose; to understand, pr. par. 
meaning; past, meant: s. meaning. 

MEAN'DER. s. Serpentine winding; 
winding course, v. meander; pr. 
par. meandering; past, meandered. 

MEAS'LES. s. An eruption of the 
skin, attended with fever, adj. 
measled^ measly. 

MEA'SURE. s. That by which any 
thing is measured; proportion; 
sufficient quantity; limit; means 
of action, v. measure; pr. par. 
measuring; past, measured: s. 
measurer^ measurement : a.dy meas- 

MEAT. *. Flesh to be eaten; food 
in general. 

MECHAN'ICS. .^. A mathematical 
science, which shows the effects 
of powers or moving forces, adj. 
mechanic, mechanical: adv. me- 
chardcnlly: s. mechanic, mechanism, 
m£chanician, mechanist. 

M SO'AL. s. A piece of metal, stamp- 
ed in honour of some remarkable 
performance, adj. medallic: s. med- 

MEDAL'LION. s. A kind of large 

MECKOLE. v: To interpose, to act 
in. pr. par. meddling; past, med- 
dled: 8. meddler: adj. m£ddlesome. 

ME'DIATE. V. To interpose, as an 
equal friend to both parties ; to in- 
tfifcede. pr. par. m4!diaiing; past, 
mediated: a. mediation, mediator ; 
fern, medtatress, mediatrix: adj. 
mediatorial, m^diaton/. 

MEtriCABLE. adj. that may be 

JrtEiyiC^L. adj. Phvsical; relating 
to the art of heahng. adv. medi- 


MEDICAMENT, s. Any thing \xaed 
in healing; generally, a topical 

MED'ICATE. V. To tincture or mi- 
pregnate with any thing medicinal 
pr. par. mxdicating; past, medicat 
ed: s. medication. 

MEiyiCINE. s. Physic ; any remedy 
administered by a physician, adj 
medicinal: adv. medicinally. 

MEDIOCRITY, s. Moderate degree, 
middle rate. pi. medioctnties. 

MEDITATE, v. To Uiink on: to 
plan ; to contrive, pr. par. mediiat' 
tng; past, meditatea: s. meditation: 
adj. meditative. 

MEDITERRA'NEAN. adj. Encircled 
with land. 

ME'DIUM. 5. Any thing intervening; 
middle place or degree, pi. media^ 

MEDLAR, s. A kind of fruit. 

MEDLEY. 5. A mixture ; a miscel- 

MEDULXARY. adj. Pertaining to 
the marrow. 

MEED. 5. Recompense; reward. 

MEEK. adj. Mild in temper; gentie. 
s. meekness: adv. meekly: v. meek- 
en; pr. par. meekening; past, 

MEET. adj. Fit ; proper, s. meetnrss 
adv. meetly. 

MEET. V. To come face to face ; to 
encounter; to join another in the 
same place, pr. par. meeting; past, 
met : s. meeting. 

ME'GRIM. 5. Disorder of the head 

MEL'ANCHOLY. s. Sadness, pen 
siveness, gloom, adj. melancholy 

MELANGE', s. A mixture. 

ME'LIORATE. v. To make better 
to improve, pr. par. meliorating 
past, meliorated: s. melioration. 

MELLIF'EROUS. adj. Producing 

MELLIFACTION. *. The art or 
practice of making honey. 

MELLIFLUENCE, s. A honied 
flow ; a flow of sweetness, adj 
mdVflutni^ nvtUiJlu«yu*. 


MEL'LOW. <idj. Soft with ripeness; 
fally ripe. v. mellow; pr. par. me^- 
loimng; p: st, mdUnjoea: 8. mellow- 
ness. I 

MEL'ODRAME. s. A dramatic per-; 
formance, in which songs are in- 

MEL'ODY. s Sweetness of sound, 
adj. melodious: adv. melodiously: 
8. melodiousness. 

MEL'OiN. s. A kind of fruit. 

MELT. V. To make liquid ; to dis- 
solve, pr. par. milling ; past, milt- 
ed: s. melier: adv. meltingly. 

MEM'BER. s. A limb; a part of a 
discourse or period *, one of a com- 
munity, s. manbership. 

MEM'BRANE. s. A web of several 
sorts of fibres, interwoven for the 
covering of some parts of the 
body. adj. membraneous^ membra- 

MEMENTO s. A memorial notice; 
a hint to awaken the memory. 

MEM'OIR. s. An account of trans- 
actions, familiarly written. 

MEM'ORABLE. adj. Worthy of be- 
ing remembered. &d\ . memorably. 

MEMORAN'DUM. s. A note to help 
the memory, pi. memaranda^ mem- 

MEMCXRIAL. s. A monument; some- 
thing to preserve the memory; an 
address, reminding of services, and 
soliciting reward, s. memx>rialisi. 

MEM'ORY. s. The power of retain- 
ing or recollecting things past; 
exemption from oblivion, pi. mem- 

MEN. s. The plural of man. 

MEN ACE. V. To threaten, pr. par. 
menacing; past, meTMced: s. mjen- 

MENA'GERIE. *. A collection of 
foreign animals; the place in 
which they are kept. 

MEND. V. To repair, to correct, to 
improve, pr. par. mending; past, 
mended : s. mender. 

MENDACIOUS, od;. False; lying. 
8. mendacity. 

MENVlCAm\ s. A beggar ; one of 


some begging fraternity, adj. im^a^ 
dicant : s. mendicity. 

ME'NIAL. adj. Belonging to the 
retinue or train of servants, s. me* 

MEN'S AL. a<J/. Belonging or relating 
to the table. 

MEN'STRUUM. *. Any liquid usea 
as a dissolvent, or to extract the 
virtues of ingredients by infusion 
and decoction. 

MEN'SURABLE. adj. Measurable; 
that may be measured, adv. meas- 
urably: s. measurability. 

MENSURATION, s. The art or act 
of measuring. 

MENTAL, otp'. Intellectual ; exist 
iug in the mind. adv. mentally. 

MENTION, s. Oral or written ex- 
pression, or recital of any thing 
pr. par. mentioning; past, men 


MERCANTILE, adj. Trading, com 

MER'CENARY. adj. Venal; hired: 
too studious of profit, s. nurce^ia- 
rUy pi. mercenaries. 

MER'CER. s. One who sells cloths, 
s. mercery. 

MER'CHANDISE. s. Traffic ; com- 
merce; wares, v. merchandise; pr* 
par. merchandising; past, merchan- 

MER'CHAfJT. 5. One who traffic* 
to remote countries. adj.merc/uiTi/- 

MERCILESS, adj. Void of mercy, 
pitiless, s. mercilessness : adv. mer- 

MERCU'RIAL. adj. Formed under 
the influence of Mercury; spright- 
ly : consisting of quicksilver. 

MER'CURY. s. One of the planets; 
thechymist^s name forquicksilver 

MER'CY. s. Clemency, pardon, pl. 
mercies: &6}. mercijul : sdv. mer- 

MERE. adj. That or this only; such 
and nothing else; absolute, ad? 



MSRETRI'CIOUS. adj. Sucli bj 

ly fiilwBhow. adt. mtretridaai 

MERUE. V. Tu iiumi>r9e i to be n 
lowaii up; 10 be mink. pr. j 
mtrging; nut, nwgml. 

M[i:RILI'IA». 1. Mid-day: the line 

tKeauiicrmaeajillHioil thehigti- 
esl point of glory or power, odj. 
meridian, meridional: adi. mcri- 

MER'IT. t. Desert eicellenc 
leriing honour or inward. », i 

MEB'MA D. 1. A len Mnnar , 

> liah's Ull. 
MER-RY. adj. Pleasant i cheerful; 

MESKV-AK'DREW. J. A'bu^ii; 

MER'RY-THOUGHT. ». A furked 

hone, in the body of fowis. 
HER'SION. 1. The act ofsinki 

MES,S, a. A dish at portion of (bod; 

™'™ "ad^' pr.pst. -It 

MES-SAGE »', An enand; a 

MEffSE-tGEB- J. One who o. 

ME.SS['AH.' J. Tho AiuHnled; the 

MESSIEURS. I. Sin; nntlsner 
MKSS'MATE. 1. One who enle 

the tiiVitt table wiili another. 
JVlESSClAGE. J. The house ai 

Itroond nit npart ftir haugehold 

Mai-%. pronoimced fnrs/'Va^^. 
M^-TAI-*. A firm, hea»T, and b«r^ 

*uij)<anc9, t'uiibtfl b^ bo, malle- 


able and ductile, adj. nulal&E.- i. 

MKTALLURg'v. j. The art nf 

Korklnff In initials. ■. TucfaOurriit 

METAMOR'PHOSE. c. To change 

IbaJbrmonhope. pr. par.mj^nmui^ 

idj- tiufa/f Aon'c, m^iphorit 
MKTAPHRASE. a. A mere verbal 

mther. s^mriaphrasl: adj. met^ 

MfeTACrtVS'LCS. I. The doclrioB 
<r the general alTection^or Bub- 
tlnnces existing, s. mrfajjAv^cion 
idj. ntlaphyaic, melufkysicah adj. 
METE, «. To measure, pr. par. 

mtling; nait, fnehd; *.ineltT. 


ieralion of soula from body to 

inv. pi. ntltmpavcliosa. 

METEOR. .. Any body in the «U 

il>y,ofBfl>ii and transitory n.. 

METEOHOUOGT. j. The doclrrnB 
■era. «dj, ualroro'ogieol.-*. 

METHOD. J. ConTenient ord«i 
repularity. adj. melMical: air. 
Tnelhoiicallj/: T.mdftmliitijir.par. 

METH'ODlS^rsTj. One nf [he lell- 

gioni secti. adj. miltijdiitieal, •, 


METONTMT «, A rhclurical Bgnre, 

d on Ihfi •orernl relation! 

le and eflett, container and 

led, digit and thin j signified. 

METRE. I. Speech ronllned to t 
crrtRln nnmher and harmunic dia 
poiitioB-nrayllables; torsojiDef 

METROraLlS. *, The chief eily of 

o/iHi; Bitj. mriroiiDWn'i. 


the mother cWurch ; an aTchbishop. 
adj. metropolitan^ belonging to a 

METTLE, s. Spirit, courage, sub- 
stance, adj. mettled, mettlesome, 

jMEW. s. A cage fur hawks ; an en- 
closure ; a sea-fowl. v. mew; pr. 
par. mewing; past, meircct. 

MEZZOTIN'TO. s. A kind of en- 
graving, so named as nearly resem- 
bling puint ; the word importing, 
" half painted." 

MiAS'iMA. 5. Such particles or at- 
oms, as are supposed to arise from 
distempered, putrefying, or poi- 
sonous bodies. 

MICE. s. The plural of mouse, 

MICH' A ELM AS. s. The feast of the 
archangel Michael, celebrated on 
the 29th of September. 

MICHE V. To lie hid; to absent 
one*8-8elf, as a boy from school, 
pr. par. nuching; past, miched: s. 

MI'CROCOSM. 5. The little world: 
the body of man is«o called. 

MICROM'ETER. *. An instrument 
for measuring small spaces. 

MrCROSCOPE. s. An optic for view- 
ing and magnifying small objects, 
adj microscopic, microscopical, 

MIIXDAY. adj. Meridional; being 
at noon. s. midday, 

MirXDLE. adj. Equally distant from 
two extremes; intermediate, adj. 
middlemost : s. middle. 

MICTDLING. adj. Of middle rank ; 
of moderate size; having moderate 

3ualities of any kind. adv. mid- 
MllXiE. *. A gnat. 
MIlTLANDo/^ Surrounded by land. 
MID-NIGHT. s. The depth of night ; 

.welve o*clock. 
MliyRIFF. s. The diaphragip. 
MIDSHIPMAN, s. A naval officer, 
next in rank below a lieutenant. 

fil. midshipmen, 
DST. s. Middle. 
MID'SUMMER. s. The summer sol- 
sticfi, reckoned to fall ou the 21st 


Mn/WAY. adj. In the middle of a 
passage, s. midway. 

MID'WIFE. s. A woman who assists 

women in childbirth, pi. midwivcs 

s. midwifery. 
MIEN. s. Look, manner, air. 
MIFF. s. Displeasure; ill-humour. 
MIGHT. V, Pret. of may, 
MIGHT. 8. Power, strength, force 

adj. mighty: adv. mightily: s. 

MIGN0NETT1E. s, A kind of annual 

MI'GRATE. V. To remove IVom one 

place to another, pr. par. migrai' 

tng; past, migrated: s. migration: 

adj. migratory. 
MILD. adj. Kind; soft; tender; 

compassionate, s. mildness: ac*v 

MIL'DEW. s. A disease in plani. 

V. mildero; pr. par. mildewing; pant, 

MILE.' 8. The usual measure of 

roads; in England, 1760 yards, i. 

MIL'IARY. adj. Small ; resembling 

a millet-seed. 
MIL'ITANT. adj. Fighting; a tcnn 

applied to the church of Christ 
MIL'ITARY. adj. Engaged in Ihfl 

life of a soldier ; suiting a soldier 

warlike; effected by soldiers, s 

MIL'ITATE. V, To oppose; to ope 

rate against, pr. par. militating 

past, militated. 
MILl'TIA. s. The people in arms 

the popular force of a nation. 

MILK. 8, The liquor with which 
animals feed their young from the 
breast, v. milk; pr. par. milking 
past, milked: s. milker, 
adj. milky : s. milkmaid, tnilkman^ 
milkpail, miUcpan, mUksop. 

MILL. s. An engine for grinding 
com, &,c. V. mill; pr. par. milling, 
past, milled: s. miller^ mill-dam^ 

MILLENA'RIAN. s. One who ex. 

i oecl« \.Vi« xdvU^uuvum 


Mir;LENARY. adj Consisting of 
a thousand. 

MILLEN'IUM. 5. A thousand years; 
generally taken for the thousand 
years, during which some imagine 
Christ will reign on earth, after 
the resurrection. 

MIL'LEPED. s. A species of insect, 
so called from its nurasirous feet. 

MILLEN'NIAL. adj. Thousandth; 
consisting of thousandth parts. 

MIL'LET. s. A kind of plant; a 
kind «f fish. 

Aill/LliNER. s. One who makes la- 
dies' head-dresses, and sells rib- 
ands, &c. 

MIL'LION. s. The number of a hun- 
dred myriads, or ten hundred thou- 

MILT. s. The sperm of the male fish; 
the spleen, v. milt: pr. par. milt- 
»>t»-; past, milted: s. milter. 

Imitative, adv. mimttrically. 

MIM'IC. s. A ludicrous imitator ; a 
mean or servile imitator, v. mimic; 
pr. par. mimicking; past, mimick- 
ed: adv. mimicaUy: s. mimicry^ 
ol. mimicries. 

MiiNA'CIOUS. adj. Full of threats, 
s. minacify. 

Mr\'ARET. s. A kind of spire. 

MI'NATORY. adj. Threatening. 

MINCE. V. To cut into very small 
parts, pr. par. mincing; past, 
minced: adv . mincingly: 

MIND. s. The intelligent power; 
intellectual capacity ; choice ; 
memory, v. mind; pr. par. mind- 
ing; ptist^ minded : adj. mindful: 
adv. mindfully : s. mindfulness. 

MINE. pron. Belonging to me. 

MINE. s. A place or cavern in the 
earth, which contains metals or 
minerals ; a cavern dug under any 
fortiScation, that it may sink for 
want of support; or, in modern 
war, that powder may be lodged 
in it, which, being fired, may blow 
up whatever is over it. v. mine; 
pr. par. mining; past, mined: s. 


MIN'ERAL. 8. A fossil body mat 
ter dug out of mines, adj. mmcro.. 
s. m.incralist. 

MINERAL'OGY. ». The doctrine of 
minerals, s. mineralogist, adj 

MING'LE. V. To mix; to compound, 
pr. par. mingling; past, mingled 
s. mingler. 

MINIATURE, s. A painting ia 
water colours, very small and del 
icate ; a representation in a small 

MINTKEN. adj. Small, diminutive. 

MIN'IM. s. A dwarf; a note in music 

MIN'IMUM. s. The smallest quan- 
tity possible. 

MIN'ION. s. A favourite ; a low un 
principled dependant. 

MIN'ISTER. 8. An agent; one wl o 
acts under another; one who servsn 
at the altar; a delegate, v. min- 
inster; pr. par. ministenng; paf\, 
ministered: s. ministration: adj 
ministerial: adv. ministerially. 

MIN'ISTRY. 8. Office; service; ec- 
clesiastical function; agency; body 
of ministers, pi. ministries. 

MIN'NOW. 5 A very small fish. 

MI'NOR. adj. Less ; smaller ; incoA 

MI'NOR. s. One under age ; the se : 
ond or particular proposition in a 
syllogism, s. minority^ pi. mr/iort 

jMIN'OTAUR. 8, A monster, invent 
ed by the poets, half man and half 

MIN'STER. 8. A monastery ; an ec- 
clesiastical fraternity; a cathedra! 

MIN'STREL. 8. A musician; a 
singer, s. minstrelsy, pi. minstrel 

MINT. 8. A kind of plant. 

MINT. *. The place where money 
is coined, v. mint ; pr. par. mint 
ing; past, minted: s. mintage 

MIN'UET. 8. A stately reguiar dance 
generally ^etfoim^d. vs^ V«c* '^'«k 

[ sons. 


wlINUTE. adj. Small, little, slen- 
'ier. 8. minuteness : adv. minutely. 

MLN't'TE. s. The sixtieth part of 
an hour; a short note. v. minute; 
pr. par. minuting past, minuted : 
8. minute-book. 

MlNUTliK. s. The smal.est par- 

MINX. s. A kind of small quadru- 
ped; a pert, wanton girl. pi. 

VllR'ACLE. 5. A wonder; some- 
tliing above human power, adj. 
miraculous: s. miraculousness: adv. 

AIRE. s. Mud. adj. miry: s. miri- 

llRK'Y. adj. Dark. B.mirkiness. 
dlR'ROR. 5. A looking-glass; a 

RTH. s. Merriment, laughter, 
adj. mirthfuly mirthless: &ds. mirth- 


«fl ISA D VENTURE, s. Mischance; 


1ST. s. A hater of mankind, s. 

misanthropy: adj. misanthropic, 

misanthropical: adv. misanthropi- 

!1S APPLY'. V. To apply to wrong 

purposes, pr. par. misapplying; 

past, misapplied: s. misapplication. 

, riSAPPREHENiy. V. Not to un- 
derstand rightly, pr. par. misap- 
prehending; past, misapprehended: 
s. misapprehension. 

MISBECO'ME. V. To be unseemly, 
pr. par. misbecoming; past, misbe- 

MISBEHA'VE. v. To behave im- 
properly, pr. par. misbehaving; 
pvistj misbehaved : b. misbehaviour. 

MISCALCULATE, v. to reckon 

wrong, pr. par. miscalculating; 

past, miscalculated: s. misialcuJa- 

MISCAL'. V. To name improperly. 

pr. par. miscalling ; past,fntfca//«c2. 

M^SCAR'RY. V. To be lost on the 
wa} ; to fail ; not to have the in- 


tended event pr. par. miscarry^i 

ftiist, miscarried: a. miscamage. 
SCEL'LAN Y. s. A mixed variety 
pi. miscellaaits : adj. miscellaneous* 

MISCHANCE', a. lU-luck; misfor. 

MIS'CHIEF. s. Harm; hurt; injury. 

adj. mis(dueoous: s. mischievous* 

ness: adv. mischievously. 
MIS'CIBLE. adj. Possible to be 

mingled, s. miscU)Uityf pi. misci' 

MISCI'TE. V. To quote wrong, pr 

par. misdtingi past, misdted: s 

MISCOMPUT A'TION.5. False reck- 

MISCONCEIVE'. V. To entertain a 

mistaken notion, pr. par. miscoX' 

ceiving; past; misconceived: a 

MISCONDUCT. V. To manage 

amiss ; to carry on wrong, pr. ptr 

misconducting; past, misconawi 

ed: 8. miscon'duct. 
MISCONJECTURE. v. Toconjeo- 

ture wrong, pr. par. misconjectu r» 

ing ; past, misconjectured : s. mis' 

conjecture, misconjecturer. 

MISCONSTRUE', v. To interpr?! 

wrong, pr. par. misconstruing ; 

past, misconstrued: s. misconsirut' 

MISCOUNT*. V. To reckon wrong. 

pr. par. miscounting; past, mi> 

MIS'CREANT. s. A vile wretch. 
MISDA'TE. v. To mark vvith untruo 

time. pr. par. misdating; past, 

MISDEED'. *. Evil action. 
MISDEMEAN'. v. To behave m. pr. 

par. misdemeaning ; past, misde 

meaned: s. misdemeanour. 

MlSDC. V. To do wrong, pr. par. 
misdoing; past, misdone: a. mis* 
doer, misdoing. 

MISEMPLOY'. V. To use to wrong 
purposes, pr. par. misemplcytng ^ 
past, misemployed: a misempUnf 



MI'SER. 5. A wretch covetous to 

MIS'ERY. s. Wretchedness; un- 
bappiuess; misfortune, pi. mise- 
ries: adj. miserable: adv. mise- 

MISFORTUNE. *. Calamity; Ul- 

MISGIVE'. V. To fill with doubt, 
pr. pa.r. misgiving; past, misgiven; 
s. misgioing. 

MISGOVERN. V. To govern ill. 
pr. par. misgoverning ; past, mis- 
governed: 8. misgovernment. 

MISGUIDE. V. To direct ill. pr. 
par. misguiding i past, misguided: 
s. misguidance. 

MISHAP, s. Ill chance. 

MISINFORM'. V. To deceive by 
false accounts, pr. par. misinform- 
ing; ^diSX.^ misinformed : b. misin- 
formxition^ misinformer. 

MISINTER'PRET. v. To explain in 
a wrong sense, pr. par. misinter- 
preting; past, misinterpreted: s. 
misintetp relation, misinierpreter. 

MlSJOIN'. V. To join unfitly or im- 
properly, pr. par. misjoining; past, 

MISJUDGE'. tJ.To mistake; to judge 
wrong, pr. par. misjudging; past, 
misjudged: s. nUsjvdgment. 

MISLAY'. V. To lay in a wrong 
place, pr. par. mislaying; past, 

MISLEAD*. V. To guide a wrong 
way. pr. par. misleading; past, 
misled: s. misUader. 

MIS'LETOE. *. A kind of plant, 
which grows on trees. 

MISMAN'AGE. v. TTo manage ill. 
^ pr. par. mismanaging; past, mis- 
managed : s. mismanager^ misman- 

MISMATCH'. V. To match unsuit- 
ably. pr. par. mismatching; past, 

MISNAME. V. To call by a wrong 
name. pr. par. misnaming i past, 

MISNCMER. t. A wroug name. 


MISOG'AMIST.a. Amarria^.' hate 
MIS-SPENiy. V. To spend ill, to 

waste, pr. par. mis-spending ; past, 

mis-spent: s. mis-spender. 
MISPLA'CE. V. To put in a wrong 

place, pr. par. misplacing; pa^L. 

MISPRINT*. V. To print wrong, pr. 

par. misprinting; past, misprinted: 

8. misprint. 
MISPRISION, s. Mistake, scorn, 

neglect, concealment. 
MISPRONOUNCF. v.To pronounce 

improperly, pr. par. mispronounc- 
ing; psist, mispronounced : a. mis 

MlSPROPOR'llON. V. To join 

without due proportion, pr. par. 

misproportioning ; past, mispro 

portioned: s. misproportion. 
MISQUOTE'. V. To quote falsely. 

pr. par. misquoting; past, mtsquoi- 

ed: s. mis(motaiion. 
MISRECI'TE. t). 'To recite wrong. 

pr. par. misreciting; past, misre- 

citea: s. misrecital. 
MISRECK'ON. V. To reckon wrong. 

pr. par. misreckoning ; past, mis- 

recmnud : s. misreckonirig. 
MISREPORT'. v.Togivea false ac 

count of. pr. par. misreporting ; 

fiast, miftreported. 
SREPRESENT. v. To represent 
not as it is. pr. par. misrepresent- 
ing; past, misrepresented: s. mis- 
representation, misrepresenter. 

MISRU'LE. s. Tumult; confusion. 

MISS. s. The term of honour to a 
young girl. pi. misses. 

Miss. V. To mistake; not to hit 
to fail of obtaining, pr. par. miss 
ing; past, missed: s. miss, pi. misses 

MIS'SAL. s The mass-book. 

MISSHAPE' V To shape ill; to 
deform, pr par. misshaping; past 
misshaped: adj. misshapen. 

MIS'SILE. adj. 'Thrown by the hand, 
s. missile. 

MIS'SION. s. Commission ; legation 

MIS'SIONARY. s. One sent to prop- 
agate religion. ^V. ru&^voTiuvTxfc,*'^ 
J adj. missioTMin,. 


MlS'Sl VE. adj. Such as it sent, or 
i)irown. s. missive. 

MiS r. 5. A loWf thin cloud ; a small , 
thin rain; dimness, adj. misty: s. 
mistiness: adv. muiiilt/. 

MiSTA'KE. V. To conceive wrong; 
to take something for that which 
it IS not. pr. par. mistaking ; past, 
mistaken: pret. mistook: s. mis- 

MISS'l'ATE. V. To state wrong, 
pr. par. misstating; ^Bi^misstated: 
8. misstatement. 

MISTEACH'. V. To teach wrong, 
pr. par. misteacldng; past, mis- 

MlSTl'ME. V. Not to time right, pr. 
par. mistiming f past, mistimed. 

MISTOLiy. par. Erroneously nar- 

MIS TRANSLA'TE. v. To translate 
incorrectly, pr. par. mistt-anslat- 
ing; past, mistratislatcd : s. mis- 

MISTRESS, s. A woman who gov- 
erns or teaches; a woman who 
has something in possession, pi. 

MISTRUST. 5. Diffidence; sus- 
picion, w. mistrust; pr. par. mis- 
trusting; past, mistrusted: adj. 
mistrustful^ mistrustUss : s. mis- 
trustfulness: adv. mistrustfully. 

MISTU'NE. V. To tune hadly. pr. 
par. mistuning; past, mistuned. 

MISUNDERS'l AND*, v. To miscon- 
ceive, pr. par. misunderstanding; 
frist, misunderstood. 
^ SU'SE. V. To treat or use im- 
properly, pr. par. misusing; past, 
mlrused: s. misv^age. 
MITE. s. A small insect; a small! 

f»article. I 

TKJATE. V. To alleviate; to 
nioliifv. pr. par. mitigating; past, 
mitigated: s. mitigation^ mitigator: 
adj. mitigahlc^ mitiganiy mitigative. 

MITRE. 9. A kind of episcopal 

crown, adj. mitred. 
MITTENS s Gloves without fin- 


MITTIMUS, s. A warrant by which 

a justice commits an offender to 

Mix. V. To unite, to mingle, pr. 

par. miaing; past, mixed: s. mix 

er, mixture. 
MIXTILIN'EAR. oJ;. Consisting ol 

a line, or lines, part straight, uns 

part curved. 
MIZ'ZEN. s. The mast in the stem 

or hinder part of a ship. 
MIZ'ZLE. V. To rain small drops, 

like mist. pr. par. mizzling; past, 

MNEMONICS, s. The art of assist- 
ing memory, adj. mnemonic^ mne- 

monical: adv. mnemonicaily. 
MOAx\. V. To lament; to deplore. 

pr. par. rnxxining; past, mo4xned: 

s. moan^ moaner: adj. moanfui. 

adv. moanf'uUy. 
MOAT. s. A canal of water, round 

a castle, v. moat; pr. par. moating, 

past, moated. 
MOB. s. A crowd ; a tumultooui 

rout. V. mob; pr. par. mobbing , 

past, mobbed. 
MOB. s. A kind of female undress, 

for the head. 
MOBIL'ITV. s. The power of being 

moved; nimhleness; in cant Ian* 

giiage, the populace, pi. mobilities, 
MOC'CASON. s. An Indian shoe. 
MOCK. V. To deride ; to laugh at. 

pr. par. mocking; past, mocked: 

s. mocker, mockery: adv. mcr4'tng'- 

MOCK. adj. False ; not real. 
MOCK'ING-BIRD. s. A bird which 

imitates the notes of other birds. 
MODE. s. Manner ; form ; method • 

a kind of silk. adj. modish: adv 

modishly: s. modishness. 
MOD'EL. s. A small representation 

a copy to be imitated, v. models 

pr. par. modeling; past, modeled: 

s. modeler. 
MODERATE, adj. Temperate; not 

excessive. ▼. moderate; pr. par. 

moderating; past, moderated: s. 

moderation, moderator- adv mrdb* 
I futeh|% 



MOrrEIlN. adj. According to thejMOTWENT. s. Impulsive weight. 

present mode; recent; not ancient. 
B. moderns: v. modernize; pr. par. 
modernizing; past, mjodemizea: s 

MOD'EST adj. Diffident; not im- 
pudent; chaste, a. modesty: adv. 

MODICUM, s. A small portion. 

MODIFY. V. To alter the form »r 
appearance, so as to accommodate 
something, pr. par. mjodifying; 
past, modijicd: s. modification: 
adj. modifiable. 

MODULATE, v. To form sound to 
a certain key, or to certain notes, 
pr. par. mx>dulating; past, modu- 
lated: a. modulation^ modulator. 

MO'DUS. s. Compensation for tythes. 

MOGUL'. 5. An emperor of India. 

Ma HAIR. s. Thread or stuif made 
of camel's, or other hair. 

MOI'DER. V. To puzzle, to perplex, 
to confound, pr. par. mmdering; 
past, moidered. 

MOI'DORE. s. A Portuguese coin, 
rated at twenty-seven shillings! 

MOI'ETY; s. a half. pi. moieties, 

MOIST, adj. Wet in a small degree; 
juicy, v. moisten; pr. par. moisten- 
ing;, moistened: a.moisiener^ 
moistness^ moisture. 

MOL AS'SES. s. Treacle ; the spume 
or scum of the juice of the sugar- 

MOLE. s. A natural spot on the 
body; a mound; a little animal, 
that works under ground, s. m^le- 
hill I 

MOLECULE. 5. A small mass, or 
' MOLEST'. V. To disturb ; to vex. 
pr. par. molesting; past, molested: 
p. mx)lester^ molestation. 

MOI/LIENT. adj. Softening, s. pi. 

MOL'LIFY. V. To soften; to ap- 
pease, pr. par. mollifying; past, 
molli/ied: s. moUiJier^ mollificaticn: 
ad]. moUiJiab^e. 

MOLl^EN. Past par. oftbe v. iomeli. 

force; importance; an indivisible 
particle of time. adj. momentous, 
momentary, momentaneous : adv. 

MOMEN'TUM. s. Impetus; force. 

MON'ACHISM. 5. The monastic Ufa 

MON'ARCH. 5. A king. s. monar^ 
chy, pi. tnonarchies, monarchist 
adj. monarchal, monarchial. 

MOiYASTERY. s. A house of reli- 
gious retirement, pi. monasteries' 
adj. monastic: adv. monasticaUy. 

MOrV'DA Y. s. The second day of the 

MON'EY. s. Metal coined for the 
purpose of commerce, adj. mowieci, 
or properly, moneyed, moneyless. 

MOiYEY'S- WORTH, s. Something 
valuable; worth its cost. 

MONCER. s. A dealer, a spller. 

MONG'REL. adj. Of a mixed breed. 

MOiYITOR. s. One who warns of 
faults, or informs of duty. fem. 
monitresSy pi. monitresses: adj. 
monitory, monitorial: s. monition. 

MONK. s. One of a religious frater- 
nity, adj. monkish. 

MONK'E Y. *. An ape , a baboon. 

MOiYOCHORD. s. An instrument 
of one string. 

MON'ODY. s. A poem sung by one 
person, pi. monodies. 

MON'OGRAM. s. A cipher; a char 
acter compounded of several let- 

MON'OLOGUE. s. A soliloquy. 

MONOM'ACHY. s. A duel. pl.Tno 

MONOPET'ALOUS. adj. Havin 
one leaf. 

MONOPOLIZE. V. To obtain th 
whole; to engross exciusivelv 
pr. par. monopolizing ^ past, mo 
nopolized: s. monopolizer, monop 
dy, pi. monopolies, monopolist. 

MON'OPTOTE. s. A noun used onlf 
in some oblique case. 

MON'OSYLLABLE. s. A word of 

one syllable. «Ldy TfVDUosfvj\\flX>\t- 
M0NOTO^O\3S. aai. N^^xvNavv^?,^-^. 

ftlON— MOR 

riety in cadence, s. monotony: adr 

MONSOON'. 8. The trade wind. 
MONSTER. ». Something out of 

the cuinmon order of nature, adj. 

fnonstro-us: s. monstrousness: adv. 

MONTH. 8. A division of time, 

either by the sun or moon. adj. 

and adv. monthly. 
MOxYUMENT.*. Anythingbyv«rhich 

remembrance is preserved; a tomb. 

adj. monumental, 
MOOD. s. A variation of a verb ; 

temper of mind. 
MOOD'Y. adj. Angry; out of humour, 

sad. 8. moodiness: adv. moodily. 

MOON. s. The changing luminary 
of the night ; the satellite of the 
earth, s. moon-beams^ moonlight, 

MOON-EYED. adj. Dim-eyed ; pur- 

MOOR. s. A marsh ; a fen. s. moor- 
cocky moor-gam£^ moor-hen. 

MOOR. s. A native of Morocco. 

MOOR. V. To fasten by anchors, pr. 
par. mooring; past, moored: s. 

MOOSE, s. The large American deer. 

MOOT. V. To plead a mock cause, 
pr. par. mooting; past, mooted: s. 

MOP. s. A utensil for cleaning a 
Hoor, &,c. V. mop; pr. par. mop- 
ping ; past, mopped. 

MOPE. V. To be stupid; to make 
spiritless, pr. par. moping; past, 
moped: adj. mopish: s. mopishness. 

MOR'AL. adj. Relating to the pi^c- 
tice of men towards each other, 
as it may be virtuous or criminal; 
known and admitted in the general 
business of life. s. pi. morats: s. 
morality, moralist : adv. morally. 

MOR'ALIZE. V. To make moral; 

to explain in a moral sense, pr. 

par. moralizing; past, moralized: 

s. moralizer. 
mOKASS^. s. A fen, a bog; a moor. 
/'/. morasses* 


MORA'VIAN. s. One of a religious 
sect, founded in Moravia. 

MOR'BID. adj. Diseased, s. nwrbii. 
ness: adv. morbidly. 

MORBIFIC, adj. Causing disease. 

MORBaSE. adj. Proceeding fiom 
disease, s. morbosiiy. 

MORDA'CIOUS. adj. Biting, b, mor- 

MOR'DICANT. adj. Biting, acrid. 
B. mordication, 

MORE. adj. In greater quantity oi 

guality. 8. more: adv. more. 
REEN'. 5. A kind of stuff. 

MOREL'LO. 8. A kind of cherry, pi 

MOREaVER. adv. Besides; like- 

MORN, MORN'ING. *. The first part 
of the day. 

MOROCCO. *. A fine sort of leather 

MORaSE. adj. Of sour temper; 
peevish, a. fnorosene*** adv. mO' 

MOR'RIS-DANCE. *. a kind or 
dance, s. morris-dancer. 

MOR'ROW. 8. The day after the 
present day. 

MOR'SEL. s. A small piece, a mouth- 

MORTAL, adj. Doomed to death ; 
deadly; human, s. mortality, p). 

! mortalities: adv. mortally. 

MOR'TAR. s. A vessel in which 
things are pounded ; a wide can- 
non ; a kind of cement. 

MORT'GAGE. s. A thing put into 
the hands of a creditor, &,c. \. 
mortgage; pr. par. mortgaging, 
past, mortgaged. 

MORTGAGEE' s. He that receivrs 

a mortgage. 
MORTGAGOR', s. He that gives 

a mortsfagre. 
MORTIF'EROUS. adj. Deadly, fatal. 

MORTIFY. V. To destroy vital 
qualities ; to vex ; to depress, pr. 
par. mortifying; past, mortified: 
8. mortification, mortifier, 

MOR'TISE. s. A hole cut in wood, 
\ lYiaX QjivoXViet ^vece may bt- put ic 


to form a joint, v. mortise ; pr. par. 
mortising; past, mortised. 

MORTMAIN, s. Such a stite of 
possession as makes it unalienable. 

MORTUARY, s. A burial nlace ; a 
gift left by a msin, at his aeath, to 
his parish church, for the recom- 
pense of his personal tithes and 
oH'erings not duly paid m his life- 
time, pi. mortitartes. 

MOSA'IC. s. A kind of painting in 
pebbles and shells, of sundry col- 

MOSA'IC. adj. Denoting the writings 
or laws of Mqses. 

MOSQUE, s. A Mahometan temple. 

MOSS. 5. A kind of plant ; a morass, 
pi. mosses: adj. mossy: b. mossi- 
ness: adj. mosS'grovm. 

ftlOST adj. The superlative of more, 
adv. mostly: s. moit. 

MOTE. *. A small particle of mat- 

MOTH. *. A kind of small Insect, 
adi. moihy^ moth-eaten. 

MOTH'ER. s. A woman that has 
borne a child ; a thick substance 
concreting in liquors, adj. mofAer- 
fe.w, motherly. 

MOTH'ER-IN-LAW. s. The mother 
of a husband or wife. 

MOTH'ER-OF-PEARL. s. A kind 
of coarse pearl ; the shell in which 
penrls are generated. 
laTION. s. The act of moving; 
impulse communicated ; proposal 
made. v. motion; pr. par. motion- 
ing; past, motioned: adj. motion- 
less^ motive. 

MOTIVE, s. That which incites to 
an action. 

MOTLEY, adj. Mingled ; of various 

MOTTO. *. A sentence or word 
added to a device, or prefixed to 
any thing, pi. mottoes. 

MOULD, s. A kind of concretion on 
thin(rs kept motionless and damp;j 
earth, the matrix in which anVi 


moulded: b. moulder: adj. mouldy 
B. mmddiness. 
MOULD'ER. V. To turn to dust; to 
crumble, pr. pal", mouldering, 

8ast, mouldered. 
ULiyiNG. s. Ornamental caviucs 
in wood or stone. 

MOULT. V. To shed or change the 
feathers, pr. par. moulting; pasif 

MOUND, s. A rampart ; a fence. 

MOUNT. 5. A mountain ; a hill. 

MOUNT. V. To rise on high ; to iro- 
on horseback; to attain in value 
to embellish, pr. par. mounting , 
pastf mounted: b. mounter^ mount' 

MOUNTAIN. *. A large hill. adj. 
mountain^ mountainous: s. moun- 

MOUNTEBANK. *. Any boastful 
and false pretender. 

MOURN. V. To grieve; to be sor- 
rowful, pr. par. mourning; past, 
mourned: s. mourner, mourning 
adj. mournful: adv. moumfuUj^ 
moumingly: b. moumfulness. 

MOUSE, s. A kind of small quad* 
ruped. pi. mice: v. mouse; pr. par. 
mousing; past, moused: s.mouser* 

MOUTH. *. The aperture in tha 
head, at which food is received ; 
an entrance, adj. mouthless: b. 

MOUTH. V. To speak big; to vo- 
ciferate, pr. par. mouthing; past, 
mm/fhed: s. mouthet. 

MOUTH'-FIECE. s. The piece of a 
trumpet, or other wind instrument, 
to which the mouth is applied. 

^MaVABLES. s. Chattels, goods, 

MOVE. V. To put out of one place 
into another; to put in motion; 
to propose, pr. par. moving; past, 
moved: s. move, movement, mover: 
adj. moving, movable: adv. moiv* 

MOW. s. A heap of corn or hay, 
inid up in a barn. 

thing is cast, or receives its form, j MOW. v. To cut wvtVv ^w^^^3c^fe. "^x, 
▼. mould; pr. par, moulding ; paL:»t, ij pat . muioing; ^^aX^xtwA'wA: %.Mvcw«r 


MICH. adj. Large in quant, y; long 

in time; many in number, s. much. 
MU'CID. adj. Slimy ; musty, s. mu- 

MU'CILAGE. s. A slimy or viscous 

body. adj. mvdlagirums. 
MU'COUS. adj. Slimy, viscous, a. 

mucousness: adj. muculent 

MU'CUS. 5. A slimy liquor, sepa- 

rntcd by the tnucilaginous glands. 
MUD. s. The slimy matter at the 

liottom of still water, v. muddy ; 

pr. par. muddying; past, muddied: 

adj. muddy: a. muddiness: adv. 

MUiyDLE- V. To make turbid; to 

r»ul. pr. par. muddling; past, mud^ 

MUFF. s. A soft warm cover for the 

MUFFIN. 5. A kind of light cake. 
MUF'FLE. V. To wrap; to cover. 

pr. par. muffling; y^d^X.^ mvjfled : 

s. mvffler. , 

MUF'TI. s. The high priest of the 

MUG. s. A cup to drink out of. 
MUGGLETO'iNl AN. s. One of a sect 

of enthusiasts, followers of Lodo- 

wick Muggleton. 

MULATTO. *. One hrgot between 
a white and a black. \A. mulaitoes, 

MUL'BERRY. s. A kind of fruit, pi. 

MULCT, s. A fine; a penalty, v. 
mulct; pr. par. mulcting; past, 

MULE. s. An animal generated be- 
tween an ass and a mare; an ani- 
mal of a mixed breed, adj.mte/ts/i; 
s. mulf'shness. 

MULETEtyR. s. A mulc-driver. 

MULL. V. To heat any liquor, and 
sweeten and snice it. pr. par. mull- 
ing ^ past, mulled. 

MULL-MUS'LIN. s. A kind of soft 

thin muslin. 
MUL'LETN. 5. A kind of plant. 
MUL'LET. s. A species of sea-fish. 
MULTATiGVhAR. adj. Many-cor- 


MULTIFA'RIOUS. adj. Having 
great diversity in itself. 8. muUi' 
jariousness: adv. multifariously. 

MULTIFORM, adj. Having varioui 
shapes, s. multiformity, 

MULTILATERAL, adj. Having 

many sides. 
MULTILIN'EAL. adj. Having many 

MULTIL'OQUOUS. adj. Very talk 



Having many names. 
MULTIPAROUS. adj. Bringing 

manv at a birth. 
MUL'TIPEDE. a. An insect with 

manv feet. 
MULTIPLE, a. A term in aritL- 

metic, when one number contains 

another several times. 
MULTIPLICAND', a. The number 

to be multiplied. 
MULTIPLY. V. To increase in num- 
ber, pr. par. multiplying; past,mu/- 

tiplied : s. multiplier^ muliiplicator^ 

multiplication: adj. multiplicabUf 


MULTIPU'CITY. s. More than one 
of the same kind ; state of being 

MULTIPRES'ENCE. *. The powet 
or act of being present in man} 
places at the same time. adj. mul- 

MULTIS'ONOUS. adj. Having many 

MULTITUDE, a. The state of be 
ing many; a crowd or throng ; the 
vulgar, adj. multiJtvdinous. 

MUM. m/. Silence; hush. 

MUM. s. Ale brewed with wheat. 

MUM'BLE. V. To speak inwardly; 
to grumble; to chew. pr. par.mtim- 
bling; past, mumbled: a. mumbUr, 
adv. mumblingly. 

MUM'MER. s. A masker; one who 
performs frolics in a personated 
dress, s. mummery^ pi. mummeriea, 

MUM'MY. a. A dead bodv, preserv 
od bl emb^imlwc. ol. mummies. 


MUMP, V. To pibblei In t.ilk \av 
nndi qiTJck, pr par taunipingi punt, 
mvmpedi 9. mumpfr. 

hlUMl'S. I. Sullenneai; > ewitlling 
of the glandB, about Ihu iliroBL 

r bj ireal 


JMiil, mun 
MUiYDAfiE- "dj. Belonging to (he 

wurld, e. mvndonitii- 
MU-NEfUltV. adj. tbinag the m- 

IdiT, of a gia. 
MUKG'REL. I. SeeMoigniEL. 
MUNI'tllPAL adj. Belonging to a 

coninratLrin. a. nuntcffs^y, (il. 

HtlNlV'lCENCE. .. UberaliiT.aa. 

muruficsJii : adv. ntittufianUtj^ 
MU'NIMEST. ». FnrtiGralion ; 6Uf 

nfuNITlON. <" AmwunitHju: niii 

ipralj tor war 
MU'ltAGE. *. Money paid to kec 

MITRAL nXpeltiiminatOB wal 
MUR'DER. i. Tlie act uf killing 
humtiii bflidg iiiiwfiill/. *. inui 
dtri pr.par iwinfcrrns'.piist.miii 
<f<rai; «, vuirdtrerr adj. nunb 
au.4 adi mun/irouitv- 
MUHIAriQ aJj. Pariakingoftho 

MURHAiN. -J. Thfl H-Wiie 


Jliiiil .of 9w«<t grapo, ■' 

and Bwaet near. 

US'CLE. (. ,' "- 

valvB shell-l 

MrSfTT To pnnderi l 
pr. par. waaings pait, i 


goddcaacs, nha are supposed to 

MUSE'UM. .. Arepoiitorjorsun- 

MUSH. >. Food of imiiiu-Hour and 

Avnler, boikd. 
MUSH-ROOM. I. A kind ofplBnl 
MU'SIC. t. Tile Kieneo cf Sarmo 
njulaoundit inatrumenul or lo- 
cal Wmonj. ndj. vaaitsl: adv 

MUSqun-O. j. a allnijijig flv ot 

pnit. pi. BiuiDiuloei. 
MLISK'-MELON. J. A kiod of fnl- 

ML'ySULMAN. ». A folloni 

Miliomcl. rPBuUr pi. muMuj 

M[;ST. n. To he obliged: n 

in thennpeilip. tA. muiUKhiott. 

MUSTARD. (. A kind of plant. 

MUSTER. B. To !)ring togcilier 
tolbmiintoanannir' pr. par.BWl- 
(erijig-p- pait, muifercd.- i, miufar, 

MUTABLE. ndJ". Subject [ochango; 

tahb/ : R. mi'/o'inn. 
MUTATION'. •.Chmae; altemlion. Silent; dniiib; not >u. 

cnl. i.mvit, aultntssr adv. mutdn, 
MUTILATE, n. To JepriTanfsimB 

eaaentinl paH. pr. p«r. matilaling 

pnat, mul/iofeit.- 1. naitilation, mii. 

MirrifJV. V. To riae agninrt au- 
thoritv ; tomoTO aedilion. pr. pic 

muliiii/ine: mtt.nmtlnir, 
hny, pi. muirnMJ.- adj. fi 


muttered: s. mutter^ mutterer: adv. 

MUTTON, s. The flesh of sheep. 
Ml/'TUAL- adj. Reciprocal, adv. 

mniuaUy : &. mutuality. 
MUZ'ZLE. 8. The mouth; a fas- 
tening for the mouth, y. muzzle; 

pr. par. muzzling; past, muzzled. 
M )[. pron. Belonging to me. 
MYNHCE'R. s. Sir, my lord ormas- 

tf r — among the Dutch. 
MYR'IAD. s. The number of ten 

thousand ; proverbially, any great 

MYRMIDON, s. Any rude ruffian. 
MYRRH, s. A kind of gum. 
MYRTLE, s. A kind of fragrant 

tree. adj. myrtUd. 


{MYSELF*. 8. An emphatieal word 
added to /. 

MYSTERY, f. Something above 
human intelligence ; any thing art- 
fully made difficult; a trade. pL 
mysteries: adj. mysterious: aov. 
mysteriously: s. mysieriousntss. 

MYSTICAL, adj. Containing a 
mystery, adv. mysiieuliy: s. mys* 

MYTHOL'OGIZE. v. To relate of 
explain the fabulous history of the 
heathens, pr. par. mythologizing-; 
past, mythologized : s. mythologist. 

MYTHOL'OGY. s. System of fa- 
bles. adj. mythologic^ myViologieali 
adv. myilwIogicaUy. 



NAB. V. Tcfcatch unexpectedly, pr. 

par. nablwig ; past, luibbed: a. 

NABOB, s. The title of an Indian 

NA'DIR. 5. The point under foot, 

directly opposite the zenith. 

NAG.- 5. A small horse. 
NAT AD. s. A water-nymph. 

NAIL. s. The horny substance at 
the ends of the fingers and toes ; 
a spike of metnl ; the I6th part of 
a yard. s. nailer^ nailery^ pi. nail- 

NAIL. V. To fasten with nails, pr. 
par. nailing; past, nailed. 

NAIVETE', s. Simplicity; ingenu- 

NA'KED. adj. Wanting clothes ; un- 
covered ; unarmed ; simple, s. 
nakedness: adv. nakedly. 

NAM'BY-PAM'BY. adj. Having lit- 
tle affected prettiness. 

NAME. s. Appellation ; reputation ; 
renown, v. name; pr. par. naming; 

Jtast, named: s. namer: adj. name- 
ss/ adv. nanuly. 


NAMFSAKE. s. One that has the 
same name. 

NANKEEN'. *. A kind of cotton 

NAP. s. A short sleep ; down. v. naj^, 
pr. par. nof^'ng"; past, napped: a. 

NAPE. s. The joint of the neck be- 

NAPHTHA, s. A pure, clear, thin, 
mineral fluid. 

NAPPY, adj. Hairy; full of down. 
8. nappiness. 

NARCIS'SUS. s. The daffodil. 

Producing torpor or stupefaction 
8. narcotic. 

NARRA'TION. s. Act of narrating; 
history, v. narrate; pr. par. nar- 
rating; past, narrated: s. narrct- 
tor: adj. narratory. 

NAR'RATIVE. s. A relation; a sto- 
ry, adi. narrative. 

NAR'RbW. adj. Not broad or wide; 
covetous ; contracted, v. narrow^ 
pr. par. namnving; past, narrotth 
ed: adv. narrowly: s. narroumess 

NA'SAL. oflj. Belonging to the nose 

N A S'CENT.a«(;.Gro wing; increa^iag. 

NAS'TV^. adj. Dirty; filthy, adv. 
nastily: s. nastiness. 

NA'TAL. adj. Native; relating to 

N A'TION. s. A people distinguished 
from another people. 

KA'TIONAL. adj. Public; general; 
attached to one's own country, 
adv. nationally: s. natioriaUty : v. 
nationalize; pr. par. nationalizing; 
past, nationalized. 

NA'TIVE. adj. Produced by nature; 
natural ; pertaining to the time or 
place of birth, s. native^ nativity^ 
pi. nativities. 

N ATURAL. adj. Produced or effect- 
ed by nature ; not born in wed- 
lock ; following the stated course 
of things ; unaffected, adv. natu- 
rally: s. naturalness^ naiuraUiy^ 

NATURALIZE, v. To invest with 
the privileges of a native subject; 
to make natural, pr. par. natural- 
ising; past, naturalized: s. natu- 

NA'TURE. *. An imaginary being, 
supposed to preside over the ma- 
terial and animal world ; the na- 
tive state or properties of any 
thing; disposition of mind. 

NAUGHT, s. Nothing. 

NAUGH'TY. adj. Bad; wicked, 
adv. naughtily: s. naughtiness. 

NAU'SEA. s. Sickness, y. nauseate; 
pr.par. nauseating; past, nat£S«a^ 
ed: adj. nausetms. 

taining to sailors. 

NAUTILUS, s. A small shell-fish, 
pi. nautiluses. 

NAVE. s. The middle part of a 
wheel, :n which the axle moves ; 
the middle part of a church, dis- 
tinct from the aisles or wings. 

N VVEL. s. The point in the middle 
of the belly. 

NAVIGATE. V. To sail ; to pass by 
water, pr. pnr. navigating; past, 
,\avigated' s. navigation^ naviga- 
tor: adj. navi^abie. 


jtTA'V v. *. An assemblage of ships ol 
war; a fleet, pi. navus: adj. iiaval 

NAY", adv. No ; not only so, but more. 

NAZARE'NE. s. One of Nniareth. 

jNAZ'ARlTE. s. One separated from 
others, by a profession of some ex- 
traordinary and special acts of re- 

NEAP. adj. Low, decrescent : used 
in relation to the tide. adj. neaped, 

NEAPOLITAN, adj. Belonging la 

NEAR. adj. Close to ; nigh ; almost ; 
not distant, adv. nearly: s. near' 

NEAR. V. To approach, pr. par 
nearing f past, neared. 

NEAR-SIGHTED, adj. Short-sight 

NEAT. adj. Elegant, but without 
dignity; clean, adv. neatly: s. 

NEB. s. Nose; beak; mouth. 

NEB'ULOUS. adj. Misty, cloudy. 

NECl!:SSARY. adj. Needful ; indis- 

J>ensably requisite, adv. necessari- 
y: 8. necessaries. 

NECES'SITY. s. Cogency: indis- 
pensableness; want; poverty; com 
pulsion, pi. necessities, v. iiecessi 
tate; pr. par. necessitating; past 
necessitated: s. necessttation : adj 

NPXK. s. That part between th 
head and the body ; a long narrov* 
part. s. neckcloth^ necklace. 

NECROMANCER, s. A corjurer 
an enchanter, s. necromancy^ pi. 
necromancies: adj. necromantic s 
adv. necromanfically. 

NECTAR *. The supposed drink 
of the gods; any pleasant drink, adj. 
neciarean^ nectareous^ nectared. 

NECTARINE, s. A fruit of the plum 

NEED. s. Exigency; pressing diffi- 
culty ; want. v. need; pr. par. need' 
ing; past, needed: s. needer, needi' 
ness : adj. needy y needful • ad v. need- 
ily, neettfully: s. needfulness. 

NEEDLE, s. K «wv^>\ VftsxxNOTv^xc^. 

1 used uv fift>NVivtt\ xXv^ «w\t^\ ^Vi?^ 

M^EiyLtSS. otj,'. Uiinecesmty. nd> 

•utJliailji- ■. nmUasnus. 
IIE^•A■RIOUS. adj. Wicktdjabom- 

Ln»blB. Bdv. n^ariouaJy.- i. n^/ii 

KfJA'TlON. J. Denid; wmmBn 

drnwn from deDml. 
KEtl'ATIVK. t A proposiiian, b; 

tide or deuial. t. Tusalivt; pt 
par, W(!Ti(iw*BC,- put, nfgoSMd; 
80J- nfmi(i«.- adv. tuaniiue/v- 
HEGLECT. B. To omU by carelew- 
tieaa; to sligjil pr. par. njyfcri- 
inS'i' |)ait, tu^rcted: i. ntglecl, 
ntglecler.aAj.iugltctfuliMly.nag;- ' 



NEPHEW, t ThB «>D of. brathM 
NEI-OTISM. ». FondneMfoiDeph- 

oigin 01 

'ing-| paal, ntrwd: adj. i 
IgDorancB. , 

NEST. 1. The t 


- J. Hatel or'fiS 
ting by beedJesidui, or oracti 
CKtelesslv. adj. tugligml: at 

tmed by a bird; 
r.wj(,-pr. par. 


Iingi paal, ruTferf.- < 


t. To hin 

trdlRG. pr. par 

nrgolialed: ■. ntyodViofi; nryod 
a(or: adj. nawdnifc. 
NE-URO. .. A black petBon. pi. ni 

WeGO'S. I. A mlitura of wine 

KEIUH.' '"*To m^jTi^iJa^ikel 
horae. pr. par, mighing; put,, 
ntiglvd: I. wight ™^ine. 

irElGHBOUR. ». One »fo 
near another. ». n^ghioia 

. NET, od>. Fu.i^'c'lear.'i^nine «<• 

, NETHtk »dj. I,o;ir 4foifd: 

vio. fuVltmait 

ETTLE. .. A aiingins herb. 

NETTLE. .,To>tiSg: loirritalP; 

voko. pr. oar. neiaingi pa.t, 

NEUROL'OGY. .. A deacription of 

KF-OROrOMY. .. The analomy of 

NEUTER adj. Ipd'flerent ; 

ffaged on either aidei iniplying no 
•ei. arfj. neutral: a. mtUraiily, ■ L 
nnulralilUt, nralmKsli adv. ntu- 

traJly,- y, nailralia . ^. ^ _ ,. 

traSiing; paal, nfnfradiedL 


B'eo. adv. nnw/Affca. 
I, iMijrfiwtitAuoJ.- wij.|NEW. ndj. Rotoldifteih, nioiiem. 
B,:;™ "-;• "ByAfcoii'-iy. I a. neanin.- sdy, nfwfy. 

NEITHER amj. and proa. Not| NEWFANG'LED. orf,. Affected hj 

KEOLWr, * Invention or nge '^"' '"^ 

new woida and phraaea. adj. n 



NEXT. adj. Nearest; immediately 

NIB. 5. The point of any thing, gen- 
erally of a pen. 

NIB'BLE. V. To bite by little at a 
time. pr. par. nibbling; past, nib- 
hied : 8. nibble f ntbbler. 

NICEl adj. Accurate, scrupulous; 
delicate; trivial, adv. nicely: s. 
niceness^ nicety^ pi. niceties. 

NICHE, s. A hollow, in which a 
statue may be placed, adj. niched. 

KICK. s. A notch; a winning throw; 
exact point of time. v. nick; pr. 
par. nicking f- past, nicked. 

SICK'EL. s. One of the semi-metals. 

KiCK'NAME. s. A name given in 
scotf or contempt, v. nickname; 
pr. par. mcknaming; past, nick' 

NIDIFICA'TION. 8. The act of 
building nests. 

NIDULA'TION. s. The time of re- 
maining in the nest. 

NIECE, a. The daughter of a brother 
or sister. 

NIG'GARD. s. A miser; a sordid 
fellow, adj. niggard: adv. nig- 
gardly : s. niggardliness. 

NIGH. adj. Near. adv. nigh. 

NIGHT, s. The time of darkness, 
adv. nighUy: adj. nighibom: s. 
nightcap, nighttuw, nightdress, 
nightfcUl, nightgown. 

NIGHTINGALE. 8. A small bird 
that sines in the night. 

NIGHTMARE, s. A morbid op- 
pression, in th<i night, resembling 
the pressure of weight upon the 

NIGHTPIECE. *. A picture so col- 
oured as to be supposed seen by 
candle or moonlight. 

NIGHTSHADE, s. The darkness 
of the night; a poisonous plant. 

in the night, upon ill designs, s. 

NIGHTWATCH. s. A period of 
the night, as distinguished by 
change of watch, s. nightwatcher, 


NIGRES'CENT. adj. Growing black, 
approaching to blackness. 

NliVI'BLE. adj. Quick, active, ready. 

adv. nimbly: s. nimblehess: %d} 

NIN'COMPOOP. 8. A fool; atrifler 
NINE. adj. One more than eight, s. 

ninth: adv. ninthly: adj. ninefold. 

8. nineholes, ninepins. 
NINE'TEEN. adj. Nine and ten : or 

dinal adj. nineteenth. 
NINETY, adj. Nine times ten : or 

dinal adj. ninetieth. 
NIN'NY. s. A fool; a simpleton, pi. 

NIN'NYHAMMER s. A simpleton 
NIP. V. To pinch, to blast, pr. par 

nippir^; past, nipped: s. nip, nip 

per: adv. nippingly. 

NIPPERKIN. 8. A little cup, a 

small tankard. 
NIPPER'S, s. Small pincers. 
NIPPLE. *. The teat; the dug. 

NIT. s. The egg of a louse, adj 

NITRE. 8. Saltpetre adj. nitrous 

8. nitrosity. 
NIVEOUS, adj. Snowy; resembling 

NO. adv. The word of denial; the 
^ word of refusal, adj. no : s. tut 

pi. noes. 
NOBIL'ITATE. v. To ennoble, pr 

par. nobilitating f past^nobiUtated 

s. nobilitiUton, 
NOBIL'ITY. 5. Tlie class of nobles. 

pi. nobilities. 
NOBLE, adj. Of an ancient and 

splendid family; worthy; sublime; 

magnificent, s. noble, nobletnan^ 

pi. noblemen. 
NOBLESSE'. 8. Nobility, collective- 
ly; dignity. 
NO'BOD Y. s. No one ; not any one. 

pi. nobodies. 
NaCENT. adj. Hurtful. 

of walking in sleep. 
NOCTIFEROUS. adj. Bringing 

N0CTV3k^X. a. \\\ tw^c^iwiTX ^\ 


what, passes by night, pi. noetua- 

NOCTUR'NAL. adj. Nightly, adv. 

NOCUOUS, adj. Noxious; hurtful. 

NOD. V. To decline the head with 
a quick motion ; to be drowsy; to 
shake, pr. par. nodding; past, nod- 
ded: s. noa^ nodder. 

NODA'TION. s. The state of being 
knotted, or the act of making 

NOI^DLE. s. The head, in contempt. 

NOIXD Y. s. A simpleton ; a species 
of carriage, pi. noddies. 

NaDOUS. adj. Full of knots. 

NOirULE. s. A small lump. 

NOG'GIN. s. A small mug. 

NOISE, s. Any kind of sound ; out- 
cry, adj. notsy, noiseless: s. noisi- 

NOlSEi. V. To spread by rumour, 
or. par. noising; past, noised. 

NOrSOME. adj. Noxious; unwhole- 
some; offensive, adv. noisomely: 
s. noisomeness. 

NOLI'TION. s. Unwillingness. 

NOLL. s. A head ; a noddle. 

NOMENCLATURE, s. The act of 
naming ; a vocabulary. 

NOM'IN AL. adj. Referring to names, 
rather than things ; not real. adv. 

NOMINATE. V. To name ; to ap- 
point, pr. par. nominating; past, 
nominated: s. nomination^ nomina- 

NOM INATIVE. ». The name of the 
case that designates the name of 
any thing. 

NONAGE, s. Minority. 

riving personal attendance. 

NONCOMPLrANCE. s. Refusal or 
omission to comply. 

NONCONFORMITY, s. Refusal of 
compliance; refusal to join in the 
established religion, s. noncon- 
formist: adj. nonconforming. 

NONE. adj. Not any ; not other. 

NONENTITY, s. Non-existence ; a 
thing /nf existing, pi. nonenft'ttw. 


NONE'SUCH. s. Something unique, 

something superior. 
NONEXISTENCE, s. Negation of 

being; a thing not existing, adj. 

NONJU'RING. adj. Belonging t« 

those who will not swear alT^i- 

ance to the Hanoverian family. • 

NONPAREIL'. ». Excellence une- • 

quailed; a kind of apple; printers' 

letters of a small size ; a kind of 

NONPLUS, s. Puzzle; inability to 

say or do more. v. nonplus; pr. par. 

nonplusing; past, nonplused. 
NON-RES'IDENT. s. One who does 

not reside at the proper place. 

adj. non-resident: s. non-residence. 
NON-RESIST'ANCE. s. Passive obe- 

dience. adj. and s. non-resistant. 
NON'SE^SE.s. Unmeaning language; 

trifles, adj. nonsensical: adv. non.' 

sensicallv: s. nonsensicalness. 
NONSUIT, s. Stoppage of a suit at 

law. y. nonsuit; pr. par. nonstit' 

i^t psist, nonsutted. 
NOO'DLE. s. A fool ; a simpletoa 
NOOK. s. A comer. 
NOON. *. The middle of the day ] 

twelve. 8. noonday\ noontide. 
NOOSE, s. A running knot. v. noose 

pr. par. noosing; past, noosed. 
NOR. One of the conjunctions. 
NOR'MAN. adj. Relating or belong 

ingto Normandy. 
NORTH. *. The; point opposite lo 

the south, adj. norths northern: 

didv. northerly: 8.north'Siar^ north' 

NORTH-EAST. t. The point mid- 
way between the north and east. 

sl6\. north-eastern: adv. north-east 


adv. Towards the north. 
NORTH-WEST. s. The point mid- 

way between the north and west. 

adj. north-western: adv. norli^ 

westerly. * 
NORWETGIAN. adj. Belonging to 




HOSE. s. The prominence on the 
face which is the organ of scent. 
V. nose; pr. par. noMng-; past, nos- 
ed: adj. noseless. 
'NOSE'GAY. s. A posy; a bunch of 

NOSOL'OG Y. s. Doctrine of diseases. 

NOSTRIL, s. The cavity in the nose. 

NOSTRUM, s. A medicine not yet 
made public. 

NOT. adv. The particle of negation, 
oi refusal. 

NaTABLE. adj. Remarkable ; mem- 
orable; careful; bustling, adv. 

NO'TARY. s. An officer whose busi- 
ness it is to take notes of any 
thing which may concern the pub- 
lic, adj. notarial. 

NOTATION, s. The act or practice 
of recording by marks, as by fig- 
ures or letters. 

NOTCH, s. A nick; a hollow cut 
in any thing, v. notch ; pr. par. 
notching; past, notched: s. notcner. 

NOTE. s. Mark; token; notice; 
reputation; account; tune; single 
sound in music; short hint; a short 
letter, v. note; pr. par. noting; 
past, noted: s. noter: adj. notewor- 

NOTH INC. s. Negation of being ; 
nonentity; nonexistence; no im- 
portance. 8. nothingness. 

NOTICE. 5. Remark; heed; inform- 
ation. V. notice f pr. par. noticing; 
past, noticed. 

NO'TIFY. V To declare; to make 
known, pr. par. notifying; past, 
notified: s. notification, 

WaTiON. *. Thought; representa- 
tion formed in the mind. 

NOTORIOUS, adj. Publicly known; 
apparent ; not hidden ; infamous. 
8. notoneiy^ pi. notorieties* 

NOT WITHSTANiyiNG. coii.With. 
out hindrance or obstruction from ; 
although ; nevertheless ; however. 

NOUGHT. 5. Not any thing; noth- 

NOU'V. f In grammar, the name of 
anv fhing. 


NOURISH. V. To increase or 8U|r 
port by food ; to maintain \ to en 
courage, pr. par. nourishing; past, 
nourished: s. nourisher^ nourish' 
ment: adj. nourishahle, 

NOVEL, adj. New ; not ancient, s. 
novelty ^ pi. novelties: v. mroelize, 
pr. par. novelizing; past, novelized. 

NOVEL, s. A tale ; an amusing 
book, chiefly of fiction, s. novelisL 

NOVEM'BER. s.The eleventh month 

of the year. 
NOVER'CAL. adj. Relating or be 

longing to a stepmother. 

NOVICE, s. One not acquainted 

with anything; a freshman; on« 

who has entered a religious house, 

but not yet taken the vow. s. nov 

NOW. adv. At this time ; at the time 


adv. Not in any manner or degree. 
NO' WHERE, adv. Not in anyplace. 
NOX'IOUS. adj. Hurtful, baneful. 

adv. noxiovuly: s. noxiousness. 
NU'BILATE. V. to cloud, pr. par. 

nubilating; past, nubilated: s. nu- 

NU'BILE. adj. Marriageable. 
NUCIFEROUS, adj. Nut-bearing. 
NU'CLEUS. *. A kernel ; any thing 

about which matter is gathered or 

conglomerated. Latin pi. nuclei. 
NUDATION. s. The act of making 

bare or naked. 
NU'DITY. 5. Nakedness. 
NUGATORY, adj. Trifling; futile; 

NU'ISANCE. s. Something noxioui 

or offensive. 
NULL. adj. Void ; of no force, v. 

nullify; pr. par. nullifying; past, 

nullified: s. nuUity^ pi. nullities. 
NUMB. adj. Torpid ; cnill. v. numb, 

pr. par. numbing; past, numbed. 

8. numbness. 
NUM'BER. V. To count; to tell; 

to reckon. \»t. ^^x. tvuToiieraM^ , 

past, numbered; «jKy wu.m\>eTV«» 

SUM— (fDR 

dcKik in the Old TesMment. 

Md'MERAL. adj. Relating tn num- 
ber. H. numeral! ndv. namira/ly. 

WtAER^RV. aij. Bolonging to a 

MU'MERATR i\' To reckon; to 
-calruLate, pr. par. maneratirig; 
pDBt, wemerattd: a. numfroifon, 

fJU'MEROUs! od/ Containing ma- 
ny; mQiiatingofmRn.T. ». omnr- 
ntumeH: ndr. maftrmdy. 

HUM'SRULL. ». A dunce ; a blook- 


RV, adj. Publio1» or miemnly 
decloratorj; verbally pronounced ; 

KUE-TrAL. adj. Pertaining < 

latinulo nmtriogc. ». nuplia 

mRSE. s. A woman who ha 

mrang; past, mtrad: s. iHlTilr. 
LlR'SERi'. f. The ehumber of a. 
n"""! llie place where sfoiiBg 

or TDnnK trc«9. pi. n«rwriet. 
NURSl,lhG. ]. One nuned: ufond- 

iL'R"rURF, I. Food; diet; eduei- 
lion. ., nuTt-un; pr.par. mirliiT. 

IVf.'s. The ^uit of 'certiiiD^reeai 
Sic ■ s. KHlfmekin, nulihrli. 
NUTATION. I. A kind of tfraou- 

1uu> mplion. 
m;T'BROV^'iN. adj. Brown like a 

NU'F^ALL. J. Hard eicrescence 

KUTMEfi. 1. Thokemelof .large 

'pnJTRiME\T. J. Food; (liment. 

NUTRITION, i. The actor qaslitj 

NIMPH, ji. AgoddenofthewDoiK 


chnnEcling: ! 


OAK. a. A gpeciea 

OAK'UM. J. rnrds 
reducprf in hfnin. 

by an 


a. ml: 


oniousnesa. i 


- par. liaring; put, oartd. 
V Tertilfl ipot, anrrounded 

kindor»tain.a4j, oaten.- 
', oalmenl. 

itat«i by Ihe attosiation of 
I'lune Being. 
OB'nVRATE. adj. Inflelibly o» 

idj. obidiai : adv. oto- 



OBEV.o.Topa) , ... 

ily with. pT. par. obegmg, 
obeyed. ■ a. obeyer. 
OBIT'DARY. I. A list of Ihe dead; 
tgialer of burials, pi- "bitvamt! 

OB'JECT. a. That about which uj 
TMjdti b eoiDlored ; mmj 

thlnf influenced bv anmeihii 

OBJECT •. Tu urge against; lo 
oppaK. pt. pnr- objeciiTiF! puflt, 
nhjecUd! I. objiclion .- adj. alf/eo- 
Imiailc : adf. objictianab'i/. 

OBJURGATE. -" ■ ■ • - 
prove, pr.) 

OBL.A'TE. iKJj. Flat at the poles : 

OBL,ATIo"VAn nlToring ; a >ac- 

OffLIGATE. ». To bind by contract 
or duly. pr. par. obligaliiig! past, 
obligaJfd: a. obli^uiion: adj. obli- 

OmCATO. adj. A mmLcal term, 
•ignifymg neoessarv, on purpose, 
for the iiistrumeni named. 

OBLI'GE. V. To bind; to impose 
obligalioa ; to indcbt. pr. par, 
vbUginir^ paAt, obUged; s. obliger, 
adj. oblieiitg! a. obfigingness. 

OBLIGEET. J. The persou tu whom 
■nother, called the obligor, ii 
bound by a legal contract. 

OBLIGOR'', a. The person bound to 
the obUcree. 

OBU-qUE. adj. Nm direct; not 
perpendicular, adv. obliqvdy; a. 
obUtpt^Tusa, cbtiguiiy. 

OBLITERATE, o. To eOice any 
thing written ;lo destroy, or. par. 
obblerating! pail, oblilcraled! a. 

OBLIVION. >. Fo^elfulnem; am- 
nesty, adj. obUoiotta- 

OB'LOifG. adj. Longer than bioad- 
i. Bblongnat. 

OB'LOqirV, s. Censoriaugspeecb: 

OBNOXTOuf^. Liable to | 
iflbmeni; reprehensible, adv. 
naxioutly .■ a. obnonauTnris. 

OBSCET^E adj. 

adv. obscttrdy; a, obaCKrity: pL 

OFSEQUIES. J, Funeral riles. 
OBStTQUlOUS. udj. Obedi 

IR'VAFiCE. I. Respect; cera 
_.., attention. iiH. 

Thiuga tB b 
. A place built 

lAtcmenea, obieenily, \ 




OBSERVE'. D, To watch; lo regard 

par. i^stTving; past, oAfent^u .- ^ 
obwVBtim, Aienier: adv. obmrt- 

OBSOLES'CENT. aij. Growing <A- 

OB'SOLETE. adj. Worn out of uaa ; 

disused, s. obsaletenat- 

B'STACLE. 9. Samelhingoppoiedi 

OBSTETRIC, adj. Relating or be- 

'STINATE. adj. Slubborn; mu- 
umactous. t. obilmacy. adv. at ■ 

OBSTREPEROUS, adj. Loud; clam 

— ua; noisy, adv. ofrjirqwrow^, 

OBSTRUCT. B. To block up ; W 
bar; lo hinder, pr. Ctr. o*)*™rf- 
Iff^,- past, obs/rvdm.' ■■ tAitnt^ 
(for.: adj. obrfrucfiw. 

OBTAW. V. To gain; lo acquirs. 
par, obtaiidng; past, obtitnudi 

OBTRO-DE. o. To thfust inbjfbrc« 

OBTirSE. a 
acute; dull 


OimATE. V. To prevent hj inle 

ceptiaiL pT. par^ obviatiHg; pas 

O»-VI0CS. adj. EatEW cecr; pUic 
open. adT. uJeiona^.- ■. oiriuu 

-pa*t, occosiDivd.- adj. occasional: 

adv. ocouwifilly. 
OCCIUEN'TAL. odj. WBrtpm. 
OCCHTDE. p. Tfl Siut up. pt. par. 

(Kcludtnf,' pait, eluded; b. oc- 

OCCULT, odj. Hidden; aecrcl. t. 

oecullnas i od?. accalKii. 
OCCCPANCV. $. Tlie act of UkLng 

OCCUPY. V. Topoisesn; tolieep: 
10 buay ; to use ; to follow as bnai- 
t)«u. pr-psv. occupying J ^Att^oC' 
cvpieJ : 1. occupier^ ocevpaHo'^- 

CKCUR'. u. To be pteienwd to Iht 
memaryoialimtion; lo appear; 
to happen- pr, pat- occurring! pait, 
occurnd: B.occurrmecnilj.citcur- 

CrCEAN. (. The maiai the greil 
«i. adj. o«uin>. 

OCEL'LAT£D. ndj. Ruembling Ihe 

OCHRE. 3. A species, or earth, of 

OCTAGON. J. A fignra conrirting 
orcight liilea and auglea. adj. ac 

OCTANG'ULAR. adj. Having eijh' 

OCTAVE. «. The eighth dnj afloi 
■ome r«fitiTal ; an eighth, Ot M in 
ler-al of (.ight Kiunds. 

OCTATO. J. Abook I< midto bei. 
acfoiio, when a gheet is folded inti 

OCTEN'NIAL. aJj. Happening evotj 

OCHTTBER. I. The tcnm mDDtfa or 

loCULlST. t. OnewhoprorePKtlo 

JODD. adj. Not even; particular; 
I strange, adv. odiuy : a. odds, od^ 

tuas, mldlly, pi. odJid'M. 
ODE. I. A tiaein to bo sung to muale. 
1aDI0US.a<$. Hateful; dclcaistila- 

jaDOUR 1. Scent; IVi^rance. adj. 

a:C()NOM'lCS. ». ManaEemenl oT 

'hoosehold alTaira. See EcoMOHir. 
OF. One flf the pteposiiiona. 
Orr. One or Ibe adverbs. 
OrFAL. I. Waste meat; refuae; 

OFFENCE'. I. TransgreeiiDD ; ia- 
pleasure given; anger, a^. of- 
JtAcilas: \. offend; 
mgi F^^^i ^tndtd: a. pffmder. 
adj. D^nuiK.' adv. D^cnnvily.- ■. 

orpEFLn. Topresenl; In ncrlfice, 

toallempt. pr. par. aJTwini', past, 

off-i.^d: *- ^B-, oJ?ri«g, oJi»r. 

OPFICE. s. A publio emnloymenL 

agency, Slc. adj. o^dtU: adv. ^ 

/oW/j.- «. offictr. 

OFFraATE. V. To disehntge the 

iei or an office, pr. par. offici- ■ 

Iff! past, officialBd. 

OFFICrNAL. nrfj. Belonging lo.or 

OFTING. ). Out 


OFF'SPRI.NG. 1. PrnpaePlion I ohil-' OMNll-0TE«T. Wj. All-pawerfbL 

nytimea. pronounced qr-n-oQinp. 
ojlaur; lUp. rj/?nus(; ad». ij/lm- 

0-GLE.'ii. To view wilh aide gUncc 

Sr. par. ogUng! post, ogfei. a. og-/(r. 
RE. a. An imsglnnry jnonster of 

the MBl. rem. DgTTM, pi. Bgrcua. 
OH. tut. An cclamalion denoting 

piin, lorrov,-, or surprlne. 
OIL. J. Any fat, greiBji unctuous 

matter, v.oil,' pr.pnr.oiiinf,- pasl, 

-difed adj. «ty: ■- mfitKM. 
OILCOLOOR. *. r>inl made bj 

grinding coloured pubstancei with 

OLNTMENT J. Uii(pi(Uit aial.E. 

OI-D. arJi. Past the middle of life: 
deciyed liv lime of Ion j oootln- 
uance-a. Ainas^aAi-ohlfiishiawid. 

«. ritagoKnanas. 

OLPACTORY ■ufj-Haiinglhewnse 

OL'IGARCHT, j. A Torm ofgDVcrn- 
ment vhich plscts the guprEme 
powerin :« small numbef i or 
racy. pi. oKgardHti: adj. w 

0-LIO. I. Amiiture; an 
OL'iVE. ». A plant prod 

the emblem or peace. 
OLYM'PIAD. J. A Grecii 

tlipiipnnflorfuuf Ttors, 
OM'BRE. J. A same at c 
OM'CLET *. A kiid 

made with wn- 


QMNIS^ICNCE. 5.Baundl(!9i know 
I 'lerige; iDlilllte wisdom. adj.Mt- 

OMNI V'OROUS.n(lj. All-devouring 
ON. Oae artheprcpoaitioiis. adv. Dfl 
ONE. adj. Single : denoted by a unit 

ONL'-EYED. adj. Having only oai 

ON'ERART. adj. Filled forcaniaye 
or burthens; comptiaingaburthBn. 
'ONERA'TION. I. Tbe act orloadiug. 
OPTEROUS. adj. BurthelisomB. 
ON'IO.\. I. & jpeeies of liulbout 

ON'LV. ads. Single; aimply; ona 
and no mare ; Ibis and no otber. 

OS'OMANCY. .. Divination by g 
name. pi. mommciet. 

ON'SET. 1. Attack; anaalt; a be- 

Di?TOL'8GT. t The science of the 
BffMtioillorbeinB in general; met- 
nptivsiEB. 1. oalologist. 

ON'WARDS. aJo. Forward; in ■ 
stale of adi inced piogrcnion. adj. 

ON'VX. I. 
loOZE. ). & 

id gem. pi. 

panoane opj,,(.lf?. 3. Cloadinem 
ostic adi ' trajispnroncy. pi. ojinoi 
■' OPAQL'E'. adj. Dark; nc 
sure 11 f*"'- ■''*■ •V<"n"^'J- 

ig bad to- CPEN, 11. To uiiclcwe; I 

It, opefud: adj. 


OMIT. 0. T 
miulUd. ' *" 

:t uromitling. adj. 
ir. imiHoig-,- part, 

ing! adj. vptnajid, irpmhandci 

cpen?i^artedt openmipifltpt. 
JOP'EBA. ». A nigsical dr^roa. 
inrKRATE. r. To ara."- \o f ">*'i'* 
i effiicU ft. ^w. opwoihKlE* ^*-' 


operated: a, operation^ operator: 
adj. operative 

OPEROSE. adj. Laborious ; full of 
trouble and tediousness. s. ope- 
roseness, operosity. 

OPHTHAI/MIA. *. A disease of the 
eyes. adj. ophthalmic. • 

OPIATE, s. A mediciuc that causes 
sleep, adj. opiate. 

Ol'lPlCER. s. One that performs 
any work ; an artist. 

OPIN'ION. s. Persuasion of the 
mind, without proof or certain 
knowledge; sentiments; judg- 
ment, adj. opinioned. 

CPIUM. s. A soporific drug. 

OPODEL'DOC. s. The name of a 
plastei , and of a popular oint- 

OPOS'SUM. s. A kind of American 

OPPaNENT. adj. Opposite; ad- 
verse, s. opponent 

OPPORTU'NE. adj. Seasonable; 
convenifut; well-timed, adv. op- 

OPPORTU'NITY. *. Fit time; con- 
venience ; fit place, pi* opportu- 

OPPOSE. V. To act against ; to re- 
sist; to put in opposition, pr. par. 
(^posing; past, opposed: s. i^- 
poser ^ opposition. 

OPPOSITE, adj. Placed in front ; 
adverse; repugnant, s. opposite: 
adv. oppositely. 

OPPRESS'. V. To crush by hard- 
ship ; to overpower, pr. par. op- 
pressing; past, oppressed: s. op- 
pression^ oppressor: adj. oppressive: 
adv. oppressively. 

OPPROBRIOUS, adj. Reproachful; 
causing infamy; scurrilous, adv. 
opprohi iavsly: s. opprobrium. 

OPPUGN". V. To oppose; to attack; 
to refute, pr. par. oppugning; 
past, oppugned : s. oppugner. 
OPTATIVE, adj. Expressive of de- 
OPTIC, OPTICAL, adj. Visual; re 
lating to the science of vision 

941' opUccU: 8. optics^ optician. 


OPTIMISM. 8. The doctrine thai 

every thing in nature is ordered 

for the best. 
OPTION, s. Choice , election; wish 

adj. optional, 
OPULENCE, s. Wealth; ricbe* 

adj. opulent: adv. opulently. 
OR One of the conjunctions. 

OR'ACLE. 8 Something delivered 
by supernatural wisdom ; on« 
famed for wi;sdom. adj. oracvlan 
adv. oracularly. 

ORAL. adj. Delivered by mouthy 
not written, adv. orally. 

OR'ANGE. s. A kind of fruit. ■ 
orangery, pi. orangeries. 

ORA'TION. s. A speech made ae 
cording to the laws of rhetoric j 
an harangue. 

OR'ATOR. 8. A public speaker; i 
man of eloquence, adj. oratorical, 
adv. oratorically : s. oratory. 

ORATORIO, a. A kind of saci^o 
drama, the subject being generally 
taken from the scriptures, and set 
to music, adj. oratorioL 

ORB. 5. A sphere; a circular body; 

a celestial body. adj. orbed. 
ORBA'TION. s. Privation of parent* 

or children ; any privation. 
ORBICULAR, adj. Spherical. 

ORB'IT. s. The line described by 

the revolution of a planet. 
ORCH'ARD. 8. A garden of fruil 


The place where musicians sit; 

the band of musicians. 
ORDAIN'. V. To appoint; to de. 

cree ; to establish ; to invest, pr. 

par. ordaining; past, ordained: & 

ordination, ordainer: adj. ordain' 

ORDE'AL. *. A trial by fire or water 
OR'DER. *. Method; regularity; 

command; a rank; a religiou* 

fraternity; a class, v. order; pr. 

par. ordering; past, ordered: » 

orderer, orderliness: adv. orderly, 
OR'DINABLE. adj. Such as mav 

be appointed. 


OK'DINAT..* adj. Denoting order, 
as second, third, fourth. 

OR'DINANCE. s. Law; rule; ap- 
pointment, adj. ordin/mt 

OR'DINARY. adj. Established ; reg- 
ular ; common ; mean; ugly. adv. 

OR'D[NARY. s. A place of eating, 
where the meal is established at 
a certain price, pi. ordinaries. 

OR'DINATE. adj. Regular; method- 

ORD' NANCE s. Cannon; great guns. 

OK'DURE. s. Excrement; filth. 

ORE. s. Metal unrefined. 

OR'GAN. s. A natural instrument; 
an instrument of music, adj. or- 
ganic, orgamcal: adv. organically: 
s. organism^ organist. 

OR'GANIZE. V. To construct so 
that one part co-operates with an- 
other ; to form organically, pr. par. 
organizing; past, organized: s. 

(XRIENT. adj. Rising, as the sun ; 
/ eastern; bright, adj. oriental: s. 

OR'IEICE. s. An opening or perfo- 

OR'IFLAMB. s. The ancient golden 
sfindard of France. 

OR'IGIN. s. Beginning; source, adj. 
original: adv. originally: s. origi- 
7ialiiy: pi. originalities: v. origi- 
nate; pr. par. onginating; past, 
originated: s. origination. 

ORIGINAL, s. First thing of the 

ORTSON. s. A prayer; a supplica- 

OR'NAMENT. s. Embellishment; 
honour, adj. ornamental: adv. or- 

ORMTHOL'OGY. s. A discourse on 
birds, pi. ornitliologies : s. omt- 

OR'PHAN. s. A child who has lost 
its father or mother, or both. adj. 

OR'PIMENT. *. A fossil of a yellow 
R'RERY 5. An instrument, rep- 


resenting the motions of the heav- 
enly bodies, pi. orreries 
ORTHODOX, adj. Right in opinio:? 

and doctrine, s. orthodoxy. 
0RTH0;EPY. 5. The art of pro- 

nouncing words properly, s. or- 

ORTHOGRAPHY. *. The art or 

practice of spelling, adj. ortho* 

graphical: adv. orthographically, 
ORTOLAN, s. A kind of bird. 
OSCILLATE. V. To move back- 

ward and forward, pr. par osah 

lating; past, oscillated: s. oscillct- 

tion : adj. oscillatory. 
aSIER. s. A tree of the willow 

OS'NABURG. s. A kind of coarse 

linen cloth. 
OS'PREY. a. A large blackish hawk. 
OS'SEOUS. adj. Bony; resembling 

a bone. 
OS'SIFY. V. To change to bone. pr. 

par. ossifying; past, ossified: s. 

ossification: adj. ossific. 
OSTEN'SIBLE. adj. Such as iaprop- 

er or intended to be shown ; co- 
lourable ; pretended, adv. osiensi' 

OSTENTATION, s. Outward show: 

ambitious display; vain show. adj. 

ostentatious: adv. ostentatiously: s. 

OSTLER, HOSTLFR. s. The man 

who takes care of horses at an inn. 

pronounced, os'-lur. 
OS'TRACISM. *. An ancient man- 

ner of passing sentence, in which 

each vote was marked on a shell. 

V. ostracize; pr. par. ostracizing , 

past, ostracized. 
OSTRICH, s. A kind of bird. pi. 

OTH'ER. pron. Not the same ; not 

the one; something besides, adv 

OTTER s. A kind of small quad- 
OUGHT. V. Had a right to-, to be 

obliffed by duty; to be fit. 
OUNCE. «. A.vjfe\^\v\.\^V\\A^^ v\k 

lma\. p\. ounces. 


OUI^ pron. Belonging to us. 

OURSEL'VES. jfroTi. Plural of my- 
self : ourself^ is used, in the regal 
stvle, for myself. 

OUT. adv. One of the adverbs. 

OUTBAL'AIMCE. v. To overweigh; 
to preponderate, pr. par. outbal- 
ancing; past, outbalanced. 

OUTBID'. V. To bid a higher price, 
pr. par. outbidding; past, outbid- 
den: s. outbidder. 

OUTBOUND, adj. Destined on a 
distant voyage. 

OUTCAST, adj. Throvirn away as 
''f fuse ; banished, s. otUcast. 

OUTCRY, s. Cry of vehemence; 
cry of distress; clamour of detes- 
tation, pi. outcries. 

OUTDO*. V. To excel ; to surpass, 
pr. pnr. outdoing; past, outdone: 
8. outdoer. 

OU T'ER. adj. That which is without: 
sup. outermost. 

OUTFA'CE. V. To brave, pr. par. 
outfacing: past, outfaced, s. out- 

OUTFIT. *. The equipment of a 
ship for her voyage ; necessaries 
for a person going abroad, v. out- 
Jit ,• pr. par. outfitting; past, out- 

OUTGEN'ERAL. v. To exceed in 
military skill, pr. par. outgeneral- 
ing; past, outgeneraled. 

OUTGO. V. To surpass ; to excel ; 
to circumvent, pr. par. outgoing; 
past, outgone. 

OUTGROW. V. To surpass in 
growth, to grow too large, pr. 
par. outgrowing; past, outgrojon. 

OUTHOUSE, s. A building attach- 
ed or belonging to a dwelling- 
house, pi. outhouses. 

OUTLAND'ISH. adj. Not native; 
foreign, adv. outlandishly. 

OUTLAST. V. To surpass in dura- 
tion, pr. pal. outlasting; past, 

OUTLAW, s. One excluded from 
the benefit of the law. v, tyutlaw ; 
pr. pur. outlawing; past, outlawed: 
8. outlawry 


[OUTLEAP. o. To surpass m leap 

ing. pr. par. ouileaping; past, out 

OUTLET, s. Passage outwards; 

OUTLINE, s. A line by which an) 

figure is defined; contour; ex 

tremity. v. outline; pr. par. out 

lining ; jaMty outlined. 
OUTLl'VE. t». To live beyond; to 

survive, pr. par. outliving ; past| 

outlived: 8. outliver. 
OUTJVIARCH'. V To leave behind 

in a march, pr. par. outmarching, 

past, outmarch/'d. 
OUTMEAS'URE. v. To exceed in 

measure, pr. par. outmeasuring , 

past, outmeasured. 
OUTMOST, adj. The most out- 
OUTNUM'BER. v. To exceed in 

number, pr. par. outnumbering, 

past, outnumbered. 
OUTPOST. 5 A military station, 

at a distance from the camp or th« 

main body of the army. v. ouiposU \ 

pr. par. outposting; past, outposted. 
OUTPOUR'. V. To emit; to send 

forth in a stream, pr. par. ovi 

pouring; past, outpoured. 
OUTRAGE, s. Open violence ; tu 

multuous mischief, v. outrage; pr. 

par. outraging; past, outraged: 

a. autrager: adj. outrageous: adv 

o-utrageou-sly : s. outrageousness. 
OUTREACH'. V. To reach beyond^ 

to extend, pr. par. outreadiing* 

past, ouireached. 
OUTRECK'ON. v. To exceed in 

number, pr. par. outreckomng ^ 

past, outreckoned. 
OUTREIGN'. V. To reign through 

the whole of; to reign longer than 

another, pr. par. outreigning' 

past, out reigned. 
OUTRI'DE. V. To pass by riding 

pr par. oi'iriding; past, outridden. 
OUTRI'DER. *. One who precedes, 

or follows as ar attendant, un 

OUTRIGHT, adj. Immediately 

01 T— OUT 

DUTTirS'. V. Ti, leave behind in 
ruoning. pr. par, oulrunjun^.-pmi, 
UHJnjJi: prel. nulnm. 

OUTSAIL', v. To ]ea.e behind in 
Bailing, pr. pnr. autmlingi put, 

OUTSt^LL'. V. To nil for n higher 
price, pr. pnr. ailalliagj put, 

OUTSET. J. Openioi; b«i[inninB. 
DUTSHrNE. ., ToemiiluitrEi I" 

oicei in iiiBtro. pt. pat. aulMningi 

P'lvi, Butalutne. 
OUTSIDE. 1 EjWmal part; outer 

OUTSIT, s. To sit beyond the due 

limc! to sit longer than inoihet. 

pr. pnr. outsitline; pnst, uvlmi. 
Ot^^T'SKiRT. a. Suburb; edzfs. 
OUTSLEEP. 0. To aleep beyond. 

pr. mr.auiilftfing! pasl, tmliltpl. 
OUTSPREAiy. a. To eitend; 

diffiiie. pr. par- outipnaiiingi pai 

'"""'"'"■ " "■ npport; 

OUTSTATIE, o. To outfiice with 

Bffmnter.y. pr. pit. flublanTig', 

pmt, ovflbirtd. 
OUTSTRETCH-, a. Tn prtend : l<i 

■pread out. pr. par. ouiilrciching, 

out, ouMretdied. 


. j---it. outstroi 
OUTSTRIP". V. To outgo; to leii 

pi-'p pnat, outitrippid. 
ODTSWEAR'. V. To orerpower by 


■- par. 

verllnw. pr. 
:, oulsuvUiii 


pnr. Dviau^line; pn 
OUTTOP. a. To uver-^, 

vrieieitnportnMB. pr.pur. miUop- 

rnn^r part, ovtttmtfrL 
OUTVES'OM. t>. To Bifieod in 

pqimn. pr. nar, BulMaommg! pasl, 

OUTVrE. r. 


ir. pir. nufayiTig-,- ]. 

It, mt( 

OUTVOTE. 0. Tn loniaer by plu- 
ralitj of Vntea. pr. par. oulnoiiii j, 
past, Butnatid. 

OUTWALK'. V. To pn« io wait- 

'':&Jix- """■"■■"'"■ "■'• 

OUTWARD., adj. Ejternal; fo- 

wardsiroTcienport. adv. mfiDaril, 

outieardlfi, mtiiard!, 

OUTWATCH'. V. To surpn» la 

chrulncas. pr. par. uutmitch. 

i past, ovtwatchrd. 

OufwE'AR. V. Tu wear out; n 

IssI longer than "omeihlng elw. 

pr. par. oif fwnrinr,- past, orifioom 

OUTWEIGH'. V. To aioeed ii 

lEhl, die pr. par. ouftoagAtiif 

^..-t, ovtveightd, 

OUtWIT. V. To cheat; to otnr 

le by itratagem. pr. par. m t 

- . Ung ! iinit, oalmlird. 

OUTWORK. J. Parta of a furtih 

OTAL odj. Oblong; shaped likt 

OVA'TION. «. A lesiet triumph, 

nmong the Romana. 
OVEN. J. An arched catil; to baka 


fay superior influence, pr. pat 
oiurawmg ; part, oteniwed. 
OVERBALANCE, r. To weigl 
iwn; (0 prepondctate. pr. par 
'trialimaag ! past, ovtHialancti. 
OVEFBEAIf. V. To repreiB; to 

wtfigbt. pr, unr. merburdrningi 
UV ERCAST. D. To Eloud i to dark-l 

OVKBCHARfiE-, o. TochBria loo' 

OVF-RCLdlII>. V. To cover will 
cioudSr pr. pRT^ over doudiHg; pB»t 

■OVERCOME, o. To subdue; to coti 

eiamiue hivm »gain. pr. pir 
rhajiUag ; pHat, orcHiailtd. 
OVEBHKAl)'. r«to. Aiofli in the 

0VEBH>:AK'. v. Tu bear thoM who 

pr. pnr. m 


IT. V. To r 


OVERCi, overcounted. 

OVERDO, P. To do more Ihon 

enouffh. pr. par. merdoingi past, 

DVUBDSiVe'. t. To driiB too fart, 
Of beyond airength. pr. par. orer- 
ilrining ; paat, ovtrdAv™. 

OVERDRr. V. To dry 
pr. pur. ouf rdripngipaa 

OVSREA'gSK, adj. Too vehcB 

jlotiiingi past, oocrfloiiKl.- e. oeer- 

OVERFRUITTUL, adj. Too fniit- 
f..l;toola.umut. t.o«B-/™yi(. 

OVERGO'. ». ToiUfpi"'; toeicel. 

nf. pnr. ncrrgoing; pail, Dwrpon*. 

OVERGREAf . «Jj. Too great, s. 

OVERGROW, fc. To rofer with 
growlh. pr.pat. Dtft^rom'ti^ypaflt, 

OVERHANG'. B. To jut oter ; to im- 

plure. pr. 


OVERLEAP'. V. To pasa by > Jun 

pan by ij]dulgeiilly; la neglxct, 
- — merloekhis, paw, irwr* 

OVERMATCH-, r. To be loo pow- 
oDermatchiiig gioit, 
B. BvermaliA, 
RE. I. Somttbi 

O^ilRMLICH'. nrfc^rnT™ grail i 

OVEliXlGHT'. oAt. Night beSot* 

higher pinci 

OVERPASS. ». To paw o 

OVERPAV. p. To pay a 

pr. prtr. DDei7>a]^i>i^ 

OVERPLUS. 3. Suipliii; what r» 
ri^ than (ullicienU 

tn-E— OVE 

fmrfrtiis; past, ocer) 
overpotptrtr : adj. onetyowertt 

OVEllRATE.i!.Toraiea uoni 
jif.pnr notrraling. nae ovtn 

OVERREACH', o. Tu g 

piuU, oBtmacttd : t. evtrn i 
OVERRl'DE. V. To rida IT 

m.-anr-onerriiBig! paal emi 
OvrJ{BOAST.ii.TorDM n 

pr- pur- iflferTaasHng i poa 

OVCBRLN V To ham ty 

«o « hiv go ta 

nny p 

R UkL a p m g p o- 

h beg] ? n 

O LRT R *" "" row d 

b n p p meri rranf 
MB' anud omr iim, am 

OV RVaL E « T n 

h a [iriCK. pi. pur. DDcrvoliung' : 



(n'KRSIGHT. I. SupcrinlBiidence: 


[0 crowfl, pi. pu. oseriloekins, 

O'VEIIT. n5- Op«i public i iippii. 

OVCRTA KE, c To come Dp wlili.,1 
iu ipimuil; 10 UllB tj^ ■UipiitB.U 

pr, par. owrM 
nohttmed; adv. 

:o afreet 

VERWOM'. -B. Tdireitoworh 
beynnd nne's slrncgth. pr. pur. 

(/nencin-t, work does afliir ine 


boLired loo much: 

:llcil i< 


aVIFORM. adj. Hiving 

OVIP'AROIJS. Brfj. BriHging fotlh 

ox— ox\ 

fees. pr. par. ovmtng ; past, own- 
ed: 8. owner^ ownership. 

OX. s. \ castrated bull. pi. oxen. 

OX'YGEN. s. The principle of acids, 
anc' of combustions, and a neces- 


sary agent in the support of ba 
man lite. adj. oarygenated. 

OYS'TER & A bivalve, lestaceoni 


fording aliment itt provender. 

FACE. 5. Step; gait; manner of walk. 
V. pace; pr. par. pacing; past, 
paced: &. pacer. 

PACIFIC. 'a<^". Peace-makintr: mild; 
gentle. B.paciJicahon,pactjficator 
adj. pacificatory, 

PA'CIFY. V. To appease; to c^uiet 
pr. par. pacifying ; past, pacified 
B. pacijiery pacijication. 

PACK. s. A large bundle, tied up 
for carriage ; a set of cards ; a num- 
ber of hounds, &c. v./>acA,*pr. par. 
packing; past, packed: s. packer y 

PACK'CLOTH. 5. A cloth in which 
goods are packed. 

PACK'ET. s. A small pack ; a mail 
of letters ; a ship that carries let- 
ters periodically, v. packet; pr. 
par. packeiing ; past, packeted. 

PACK'HORSE. s. A hoise of bur- 

PACK'SADDLE. s. A saddle on 
which burthens are laid. 

PACKTHREAD, s. Strong thread 
used in tying parcels. 

PACT. *. A contract ; a bargain. 

PACTION, s. A bargain ; a cove- 
nant, adj. pactional 

PAD. 3. A footpath ; an easy paced 
horse; a robber that infests the 
roads on foot ; a low, sofl saddle. 
V pad; pr. par. padding; past, 

PAjyDLE. V. To row; to play in 
the water, pr. par. paddling; past, 
paddled : s. paddle^ paddler. 

FAD' DOCK. s. A small enclosure; 

a toad or frog. 
FAmOCK. s. A lock hung on a 


staple. V. padlock; pr. par. pna 
locking; past, padlocked. 

PM'kN. 5. A song of triumph oi 

PA'GAN. s. A heathen; one not a 
Christian, adj. jiogan: s. pagan- 

PAGE. s. One side of the leaf of a 
book ; a boy attending, rather in 
formality than in servitude, on a 
great person, v. page; pr. par. 

. paging ,* past, paged. 

PA'GEANT. s. Any show; a spec 
tacle of entertainment, adj. pag 5 
ant: s.pageantryy \)\. pageanities 

PA'GOD. s. An Indian idol. 

PAGO'DA. s. The temple of an In- 
dian idol; tUe name of an India* 

PAIL. s. A wooden vessel, for water, 

PAIN. s. Sensation of uneasiness, 
punishment, v. pain; pr. par. ;)atn 
ing; p^sty pained: s. painer : adj 
painful: aov. painfully: s. pcun. 

PAINS'TAKING. adj. Laborious, 
industrious, s. painstaker. 

PAINT. V. To represent by delinea- 
tion and colours; to colour, pr. 
par. painting; past, painted: 8. 
paintings painter. 

PAIR. s. Two thmgs suiting onu 
another; a man and wifa; two of 
a sort; a couple, v. pair; pr. par. 
pairing; past, ;)atr«i; s. painr 

PAL'ACE. s. A royal house; ahouso 
eminently splendid. 

PALANQUIN', s. A kind of covered 
carriage, borne on men^s shoulders. 

PAL'ATE. s. The instrument of 
\ \zieX^\ Ihe ui^^er oart or roof of 


the ino'ith; mental relish, adj. 
palatable: 8. palatableness : adv. 

PALAT'l.NATE. s. The county in 
which is the seat of a count pala- 

AL'ATINL. s. One invested with 
regal rights and prerogatives, adj. 

ALAV'ER. 5. Superfluous talk; 
deceitful conversation. 

PALPJ. adj. Wan, whitish, s. paU- 
russ: a.Cl}. palish. 

PALE. s. A narrow piece of wood, 
joined above and below to a rail ; 
any enclosure; a district or terri- 
tory, v. pale ; pr. par. pcdingi past, 
paled : s. paling. 

PAL'FREY. s. A small horse, fit for 

PALINDROME, s. A word or sen- 
tence which is the same read back- 
wards or forward. 

PAL'LNODE. !t. A recantation. 

PALISA'DP:, PALISA'DO. s. a pale 
set by way of enclosure ordefence. 
pi. palisades^ palisadoes: y. palisade; 
pr. i»ar. palisading,' pgisi^ palisaded. 

PALL. s. A cloak or mantle of state; 
the covering thrown overthe dead. 

PALL. V. To grow vapid; tt> become 
insipid ; to be weakened, pr. par. 
vailing; psist,, palled. 

PALLA'DIUM. s. A statue of Pallas, 
pretended to be the guardian of 
froy — thence any security or pro- 

PA L'LET. s. A small bed ; a mean 

PALLIATE. V. To cover with ex- 
cuse; to extenuate, pr. par. />a//t- 
ating; past ^palliated: s. palliation: 
adj. palliative. 

PALLID, adj. Pale; not bright: b. 

PALM. s. A kind of tree; victory; 
the inner part of the hand ; a mea- 
sure of length, adj. palmy. 

PALM. V. To conceal in the palm 
of the hand, is jugglers; to impose 
by fraud, pr. par. palming f past, 


PAL'MATED. adj. Having the feet 
broad ; also applied, by naturalists, 
to certain roots and stones having 
the appearance of hands oi fingers. 

PALM'ER. s. A pilgrird. 

PALMETTO, s. A species of palm- 
tree, pi. palmclioes. 

PALMIFEliOUS. adj. Bearing 

PALM'iSTRY. s. The pretended 
science or practice of foretelling 
fortunes by the lines of the palm. 
8. valmi-stef, 

PAL'PABLE.* adj. Perceptib.e by 
the touch ; easily detected ; plain, 
adv. palpably: s. palpabkness^ pal- 

PAL'PITATE. V. To beat as the 
heart ; to flutter, pr. par. foipi- 
taiing; past, palpitated: s. palpi- 

PAL'SY. s. A privation of motion 
or feeling, or both. v. palsy; pr. 
par. palsying; past, palsied. 

PALTRY, adj. Worthless; despi- 
cable ; contemptible. 8. paltriness. 

PAM. s. The knave of clubs. 

PAMTER. V. To feed luxuriously; 
to glut. pr. par. pampering; past, 
pampered: s. pamperer. 

PAMTHLET. s. A small book; 
properly a book sold unbound, 
and only stitched. 8. pamphleteer. 

PAN. s. A vessel broad and shallow; 
the part of the lock of a gun that 
holds the powder. 

PANACEA A. s. A universal medicine. 

PANA'DO. s. Food made by boiling 
biead in water, pi. panadoes. 

PAN'CAKE. s. Thin pudding, baked 
in a frying-pan. 

PAN'DEiD'lC s. A treatise that com- 
prehends the whole of any science, 
the digest of the civil law. 

PAN'DER. s. A pimp; a procurer. 
V. pander; pr. par. pandering; past, 

PANE. s. A square of glass, wains- 
coat, &,c. adj. paned, paneless. 

PANEGYR'IC. s, A eulogy ; enco- 
mium; praise. adj.panegifr{c^x'<'^iv' 


gyrize;pT. pdT. pa/ugyrizing; ptaai, 

PAiNG. s. Extreme pain; sudden 

paroxysm of torment. 
Panic. *. a sudden fright without 

PANNIER, s. A basket; a wicker 

vessel, in which things are carried 

on :i horse. 
PAN'OPLV. s. Complete armour. 

\A. panoplies : zd}. panoplied. 
PANORA MA. s. A large circular 

painting, from the centre of which 

the beholder views the objects of 

PAN'SV. s A kind of Bower, pi. 

pannes: ^dy pansied. 
PANT. V. To palpitate; to long; to 

wish earnestly, pr. par. panting, 

past, paniea: a. panter : adv. pant- 

PANTALOON', s. A man's garment; 

a character in the Italian comedy; 

a butTuon in the pantomime of 

modern times. 
PANTHE'ON. s. A temple of all the 

PANTHER, s. A spotted wild beast; 

a pard. 
PANTOMIME, s. A tale exhibited 

only in gestures and dumb show. 

adj. pantomimic^ pantomimical. 
PANTOGRAPH, s. A mathemati- 
cal instrument, contrived to copy 

drawings and designs. 
P.iNTOM'ETER. s. An instrument 

for measuring all sorts of angles, 

elevations, and distances. 
PANT'RY. s. The room in which 

provisions are deposited, pi. pan- 
PA P. s. The nipple ; food made for 

infants; the pulp of fruit. 
PAPA . s. A fond name for father. 
PA'PACY. s. Popedom; office and 

dignity of bishops of Rome. pi. 

PA'PAL. adj. Popish; belonging to 

the pope ; annexed to the bishop- 
ric of Rome. 
PAPAV'EROUI^ adj. Resembling 


PATER. 5. A substance made frora 
rags. adj. paper: v. paper; pr. par. 
papering; past, papered: s. pa 

PAPERMON'EY. *. Bills of ex- 
change; bank and promissory 

PAPIL'LARY. adj. Having emul- 
gent vessels or resemblances of 

PA'PISM. «. Popery, s. papist • adj. 
papistic^ papistictU. : s. papistry. 

dian name for a child. 

PAPPY, adj. Soft ; succulent ; easi- 
ly divided. 

PAR. s. State of equality ; equiva- 

PAR'ABLE. s. A similitude; a re- 
lation under which something else 
is figured, adj. parabolic^ parabol 
ical: adv. paraholically. 

PARAB'OLA. s. One of the cojiic 

PA'RACLETE. s. The title of the 
Holy Ghost. 

PARA'DE. s. Show; ostentation; 
procession ; military order ; place 
where troops are exercised; a pub- 
lic walk. y. parade; pr. pdir. parad- 
ing; pAst^ paraded. 

PAR'ADISE. s. Any place of felici- 
tv. adj. paradisaical. 

PAR'ADOX. *. A tenet contrary to 
received opinion; an assertion con- 
trary to appearance. p\. paradoxes: 
tid\. , paradoxical: adv. paradoxi- 
cally: s. paradoxicalness. 

PARAGOTiE. s. a figure whereby 
a letter or syllable is added to a 

PAR'AGON. s. A model ; a pattern 
something supremely excellent. 

PAR'AGRAM. s. A kind of play up 
on words. 

PAR'AGR APH. s. A distinct part o 
a discou rse. v. paragraph ; pr. par 
paragraphing; pRst^ paragraphed 
adj. paragraphic. 

PAR'ALLAX. s. The distance be- 
tween the true and apparent place 
of the sun or a star. pi. p:iraUcure9. 


PAR ALLEL. adj. Extended in the 
same direction, and always pre- 
serving the same distance ; equal ; 
like. s. parallel: \. parallel; pr. 
par. paralleling; past, paralleled: 
s. parallelism. 

lined, quadrilateral figure, the op- 
posite sides of which are parallel 
and equal. 

ARAL'OGY. s. False reasoning. 
p\. paralogies: 8. paralogism. 

PAR'ALYSE. V. To strike with the 
palsy*; to render useless, pr. par. 
paralysing; past, paralysed: s. 
paralysis^ paralyser. 

adj. Palsied : inclined to palsy. 

PAR' AMOUNT, adj. Superior; chief. 

PAR AMOUR. 5. A lover; a mistress. 

PARAPHERNA'LIA.*. Goods in the 
wife^s disposal, besides her fixed 

PAR' A PHRASE, s. A loose interpre- 
tation ; an explanation in many 
words. V. paraphrase; pr. j)ar. 
paraphrasing; paiSt^ paraphrased : 
8. paraphrasi: 3i6j. paraphrastical : 
adv. paraphrasticaUy. 

PAR'ASITE. s. One who frequents 
rich tables, and earns his welcome 
by flattery, adj. parasitic^ parasiti- 
cal: didv. parasiiically: s. parasit- 

PARASOL', s. A small umbrella. 

PAR'BOIL. V. To half boil. pr. par. 
parboiling ; past, parboiled. 

PAR'CEL. s. A small bundle ; a part 
of the whole, v. parcel; pr. par. 
parceling ; past, parceled. 

PAR'CENER. s. A coheiress, adj. 

INARCH. V. To burn slightly; to 
s»iorch ; to dry up. pr. pur. parch- 
ing; past, parched: s. parcher^ 

?ARCH'MENT. s. A skin dressed 
fojr writing on. 

PAR'DON. V. To forgive ; to remit 
a penalty, pr. par. pardoning; past, 
pardoned: s. pardon, pardoner: 
adj . pardonable : adv. pardonably, 


PARE. V. To cut ofifthe surface; tc 
diminish, pr. par. paring; past, 
pared: s. parer. . 

PAREGORIC, s. A medical prepa- 
ration, for comforting and assuage 

PARENT, s. A father or mothei 
adj. /'arento/, parenUess: adv. pa 

PAR'ENTAGE. s. Extraction; birth. 

PAREN'THESIS. s. A sentence, so 
included in another sentence, that 
it may be omitted, without injur- 
ing the sense of that by which it 
is enclosed: being commonly mark- 
ed thus, (). p\. parentheses: adj. 
parenthetic, parenthetical. 

PAR'GET. 3. A kind of plaster, v. 
parget; pr. par. pargeting; past, 

PARHE'LION. J. A mock sun. 

PARIE'TAL. adj. Constituting the 
sides or walls. 

PAR'ISH. s. The particular charge 
of a secular priest, pi. parishes: s. 

PAR'ITY. *. Equality; resemblance, 
pi. parities. 

PARK. s. A piece of eround, en 
closed and stored with beasts of 
chase, y.park; pr. psiT. parking t 
past, parked. 

PAR'LANCE. s. Conversation; talk. 

PAR'LEY. V. To treat by word of 
mouth ; to talk. pr. par. parleying , 
po-si J parleyed: b. parley. 

PAR'LIAMENT. s. The assembly 
of the king, lords, and commons 
of England. ax\j. parliamxntary. 

PAR'LOUR. s. A room in a house 
fiirnished for reception. 

PARMESAN', s. A sort of cheese. 

PAROCH'IAL. adj. Belonging to a 
parish. blSv. parochially. 

PAR'ODY. 5. A kind of writing, in 
which the words of an author, ot 
his thoughts, are taken, and, by a 
slight change, adapted to some 
newpftrpose. pi. parodies.* \. par- 
ody; ^T. ^?JC. paro^'^'a^\ '^'^s^.^ 
parodied: «Ay patroda.a»X« 


PARCXLt 5. Spoken language; word 
gi\en as an aifsurance; Droroise 
gi /en by a prisoner, when l.berated 
as a man of honour. I 

PAROQUET, s. A species of small 

PAROXYSM. 5. A fit; periodical 
return of a disease. 

PAR'RICIDE. s. One who has mur- 
dered his father ; the murder com- 
mitted, ^dy parricidcU. 

PAR'ROT. s. A kind of bird, that can 
be taught to speak. 

PARHY. V. To put aside ; to fence, 
pr. par. parrying ; pasty parried, 

PARSE. V. To resolve a sentence in- 
to parts of speech, pr. par. pars- 
ing ; psiSty parsed. 

PAR'SIMONV. s. Niggardliness; av- 
arice. Kd}. parsimonious : adv. par- 
simumously : 8. parsimoniousness. 

PARS'LEY. s. A kind of herb. 

PAHS'NIP. s. A kind of plant. 

PAR'SON. s. The rector or vicar of 
a parish ; a clergyman. 

PART. 5. Something less than the 
whole; a portion. \. part ; pr.p'dt. 
parting; pust^ parted: a.dy. partly: 
adj. pariable: s. parter. 

PARTA'KE. V. To have share of; 

• to participate, pr. par. partaking; 
past, partaken : s. partaker. 

P\RTERR'E. s. A level division of 
ground, planted with shrubs and 

PARTIAL, adj. Inclined to favour 
one party more than another, s- 
partiality y p\. partialities: adv. par- 

PARTIBLE, adj. Divisible, b. par- 

PARTI'CIPATE. V. To partake; t.o 
have share, pr. par. participating ; 
past, participated: s. participant, 
participation^ participator: adj. 

PARTICIPLE. *. A word partaking 
the nature of both noun and verb. 
idy participial : adv. participuilly. 

PARTICLE, s. Any small portion 
of a greater substance. 


PARTICULAR, adj. Relating to 
single persons or tn.ags ; nui gen* 
era!; individual, j. p^.riicular,par' 
iicularity^ pi. pat tictdarities : adv. 
particularly : v. particularize; pr. 
par. particularizing ; past, pariic' 

PARTISAN', s. An adherent to a 
party ; a pike. 

PARTITION, s. The act of dividing 
state of Being divided ; thing that 
divides. \. partition; yr.par.par 
titioning ; past, partitioned 

PARTNER, s. Partaker ; sharer ; as- 
sociate. 8. partnership. 

PARTOOK'. Pret. of the v. to par- 

PARTRIDGE, s. A bird of gime. 

PARTU'RIENT. adj. About to bring 
forth. 8. parturition. 

PARTY, s. A faction ; one concern- 
ed in any affair ; cause, pi.parfies* 

PARTY-COLOURED, adj. Having 
diversity of colours. 

PARTY-WALL. s. A wall that sep- 
arates one house from another. 

tleness ; minuteness. 

PAS'CHAL. adj. Relating to the 
passover ; relating to Easter. 

PASQUINA'DE. s. A lampoon. 

PASS. V. To go ; to move from onf 
place to another ; to be progres- 
sive; to thrust, pr. par. po^^ng", 
pKsty passed: ady passable: s. parser. 

PASS. *. Passage; road; a permis- 
sion to go or come any where; 
push ; state, pi. passes. 

PASS'ABLY. adv. Tolerably. 

PAS'SANT. adj. In heraldry, stand- 
ing on all its legs. 

PAS'SENGER. s. A traveller; one 
who is upon the road. 

PASS'ING-BELL. s. The death-bell. 

PAS'SION. s. Any effect caused by 
external agency; violent commo- 
'tion of the mind. adj. passionate^ 
passionless: adv. passionately: s. 

PAS'SION-WEEK. s. The week iio- 
\\ me^vaXeV^ ^^^eedvu^ Eiaster. 


PAS'SIVE. adj. Receiving impres- 
sion from some external agent ; 
unresisting, adv . passively : s.pas- 

PASS'OVER. s. One of the Jewish 

PASS'PORT. 5. Permission of pas- 

PA?r. adj. Not present; gone 
through. 8. past: prep. past 

PASTE, s. Any viscous, tenacious 
mixture ; a mixture, in imitation of 
precious stones, v. paste ; pr. par. 
pasting ; past, pasted. 

PASTE'BOARD. s. A kind of coarse, 
stiff, thick paper. 

PASTERN, s. That part of the leg 
of a horse between the joint next 
the foot and tiie hoof. 

PAS'TIME. s. Sport; amusement. 

PASTOR, s. A shepherd ; a clergy- 
man. zlA]. pastoral. 

PASTORAL, adj. Rural; rustic; 
relating or belongingto shepherds. 

PASTORAL, a. A rural poem; a 

PASTRY, s. Pies or baked paste, 
pi. pastries. 

PASTURE. *. Food; the act of 
feeding; ground on which cattle 
feed. v. pasture; pr. par. pastur- 
ing; p2i9t^ pastured: s. pasturage: 
adj. pasturable. 

PAS TY. s. A pie of crust, raised 
without a dish. pi. pasties, 

PAT. adj. Fit; convenient; exactly 
suitable, adv. pat^ patly: s. pai- 

PAT. 5. A light quick blow. v. pat; 
pr. par. pattirig; past, patted. 

PATCH, s. A piece sewed on, to 
cover a hole ; a small particle or 
piece, pi. patches: v. patch; pr. 
par. patching; past, patched: s. 
patcherj patchwork. 

PATE. s. The head. adj. paied. 

PATEF ACTION, s. Act or state 
of opening. 

PATENT, adj. Open to the perusal 
of all, as letters patent; appro- 
priated exclusively to the inventor; 
apparent, s. patent^ patentee. 


PATER-NOSTER. s. The Lord's 

PATER'NAL. adj. Fatherly, pei-- 

taining to a father, s. paternity, 

pi. paternities. 
PATH. s. Way; road. adj. path- 

less: s. pathway. 
PATHETIC, ad;. Affecting the pas 

sions. adv. pathetically. 

PATHOL'OGY. s. That part of 
medicine which relates to distem* 
pers, with their differences, causes, 
and effects. 

PATH'OS. s. Passion ; affection of 

PATIENCE, s. The power of suf- 
fering ; calm endurance of pain or 
labour, adj. patient: s. patient. 
adv. patiently. 

PATRIARCH, s. One who governs 
by paternal right; a bishop supe- 
rior to archbishops, adj. patr. 
archal. • 

PATRI'CI AN. adj. Senatorial, noble, . 
not plebeian, s. patncian. 

PATRIMONY, s. An estate pos; 
sessed by inheritance, pi. patri' 
monies: adj. patrimonial: adv. |m»- 

PATRIOT, s. One whose ruling 
passion is love of his country, adj 
patriot^ patriotic: adv. patrioU- 
colly: B, patriotism. 

PATROL', s. The act of going the 
rounds, to observe how orders ar« 
kept; those that go the rounds. 
V. patrol; pr. par. patrolling; past, 

PATRON, s. One who countenances, 
supports or protects, fern, patron- 
esSj pi. patronesses: s. patronage. 
adj. patronal: v. patronise; pt. 
par. patronising ; past, patronised' 
s. patroniser. 

PATRONYM'IC. s. A name ex- 
pressing the name of the father o^ 

PATTEN, s. A shoe of wood, with 
an iron ring, worn under the com- 
mon dhoe, bv womea. 


ihe qi) ick steps of many feet. pr. 
par. puttering; pustf pattered. 

PATTERN, a. The original pro- 
posed for imitation ; a specimen. 

PATTY. 3. A little pie. pi. patties: 
s. pattypan. 

PAU'CITY. *. Feivness; smallness 
of quantity. 

PA men. s. The belly, pi. paunches. 

FAU'PER. s. A poor person, who 
receives alms. s. pauperism. 

PAUSE, s. A stop ; an intermission ; 
suspense, v. pause; pr. par. paus- 
ing; past, paused: s. pauser. 

PAVE V. To lay with brick or stone, 
pr. par. paving; past, paved: s. 
pavery pavement. 

PAVILION, s. A tent; a temporary 
or movable house, v. pavilion; pr. 
par. pavilioning; past, pavilioned. 

PAW. s. The foot of a beast of 
prey. v. paw; pr. par. pawing; 
past, pawed: s. power. 

PAWN. s. Something given as a 
pledge ; the state of being pawn- 
ed ; a common man at chess, v. 
pawn; pr. par. pawning; past, 
pawned: s. pawner. 

PAWN'BROKER. 5. One who lends 
money upon pledge. 

PAY. V. To discharge a debt ; to re- 
ward, pr. par. paying; past, paid: 
8. /)ay, payer^ payment: adj. pay- 
able : s. payday y paymaster. 

PEA. s. A kind of pulse. 

PEACE, s. Rr« »te from war; quiet, 
adj. peaceable^ peaceful^ peaceless : 
s. peaceablenesSy peacejulness : adv. 
peaceably: s. peacemaker. 

PEACH. *. A kind of fruit, pi. 

PEA'COCK. *. A sort of fowl. fem. 

PEAK. s. The toj. of a hilL; any 
thing pointed. 

PEAL. s. A succession of loud 
sounds. V. peal; pr. par. pealing; 
past, pealed. 

PEAR. s. A kind of fruit. 

PEARL, s. A precious gem ; a white 
speck or film growing on the eye. 

aaj. pearly^ pearled, 


PEA— PfcO 

PEAR'MAIN. «. A kind of apple. 
PEAS'ANT. 5. A hind; one whoM 

business is rural labour. 0. jiuu 

PEAT. «. A species of turf. 

small stone, adj. pebbled^ pebbly, 
PECCABLE, adj. Liable to sin. a. 

PECCADIL'LO. s. A petty fault ;t 

venial offence, pi. peccadilloes. 
PECCANT, adj. Guilty; Ul dis- 

posed; injurious to health, s. pec- 

PECK. s. The fourth part of a bushel 
PECK. y. To strike with the beak, 

as a bird; to pick up food with the 

beak. pr. par. pecking; past, pet i- 

cd * s f}€clc 
PECTORAL, adj. Belonging to the 

PECULATION. *. Theft of the 
public money, y. peculate; pr. p; •. 
peculating; paBt^ peculated : s.ptc 

PECU'LIAR. adj. Appropriate; be- 
longing exclusively, s. peculiarity^ 
pi. peculiarities: adv. peculiarly. 

PECU'NIARY. adj. Relating Uf 

PEIXAGOGUE. *. A schoolmaste- 
a pedant. 

PE'DAL. adj. Belonging to a foot 
s. pedcUs. 

PED'ANT. s. A schoolmaster; a 
man vain of low knowledge, adj. 
pedantic: didy. pedtinticalfy: s. ped- 

PEIXDLE.v.Tobe busy about trifles , 
to sell as a pedler. pr. \\aT. ped- 
dling; past, peddled: a. pedlT^ 

PED'ESTAL. s. The lower member 
of a pillar; the basis of a statue. 

PEDESTRIAN, s. One who makes 
a journey on foot. adj. pedestrian. 

PEDICLE, s. The footstalk. 

PEDICULAR, adj. Having the 
phthiriasis or lousy distemper. 

PEiyiGREE. s. Genealogy, Imeage. 

PEDIMENT, s. In architecture, an 
oruamental projection, &c. 


PEDOBAP'TISM. s. Infant baptism, 
s. yedobapiist. 

PEDOMETER, s. k mathematical 
instrument, by the management 
ol'the wheels of which, pa«:es are 
numbered, and distances measur- 

FEEL. V. To decorticate; to flay, 
pr. par. peeling; past, peeled: s. 
pedy peeler. 

PEEL. s. A board used by bakers ; 
the riud. 

I'EEP. V. To make the first appear- 
ance ; to look slily or closely, pr. 
par. peeping; past, peeped: s. petp^ 

PEER. s. One of the same rank ; an 
equal ; a nobleman, fern, peeress^ 
p I . peeresses : s . peerage. 

PEER. V. To come just in sight ; to 
look narrowly, pr. par. peering; 
past, peered: s. peerer. 

PEER'LESS. adj. Unequalled ; hav- 
ing no peer. adv. peerlessly: s. 

PEEVISH, adj. Petulant ; easily of- 
fended, adv. peevishly: s. peevish- 

PEG. s. A wooden pin. v. peg; pr. 
par. pegging; psist, pegged. 

PEl^F. 5. Money, riches. 

PEL'ICAN. s. A kind of bird. 

PELrSSE'. s. A kind of co:it or robe. 

PEL'LET. s. A little ball. v.peUet; 
pr. par. pelleting; past, pelleted. 

PELLICLE, s. A thin skin. 
ELLMELL'. adv. Confusedly; tu- 

PELLUCID, adj. Clear; not opaque, 
s. pellucidiiy, pellucidness. 

PELT. 5. A skin; a hide; a blow 
from something thrown, v. pelt; 
pr. par. pelting^ past, pelted: s. 

PELTRY, s. Furs or skins, pi. pel- 

PEN. s. An instrument for writing; 
a small enclosure, v. pen; pr. par. 
penning; p^si^ penned. ^. penner^ 
penman^ pi. penmeUy penmanship 

PE'NAL. adj. Denouncing a penal- 
ty, didv. penally. 


PEN'ALTY. s. Punishment; cen 

sure ; fine. pi. penalties. 
PEN'ANCE. s. Infliction suffered a^ 

an expression of repentance fov 

sin ; repentance. 
PENCE, s. Plural of penny. 
PEN'CIL. s. A small brush of hair^ 

a black lead pen. v. pencil; pr. 

par. penciling; past, penciled: a. 

PEN'DANT. s. Something hanging; 

a flag. adj. pendant. 
PENDENCE. s. State of hanging-. 

inclination, s. pendency: adj. pcru- 

PEN'DULOUS. adj. Hanging. B.pen. 

PEN'DULUM. 8. A weight hung so 

that it may easily swing backwardd 

and forwards. 
PEN'ETRABLE. adj. Such as may 

be pierced, s. penetrabUity. 
PEN'ETRATE. v. To pierce; to 

enter beyond the surface, pr. par 

penetrating; past, penetrated: a. 

penetration : adj. penetrative^ pen- 
PENGUIN, s. A kind of bird. 
PENIN'SULA. s. A piece of land 

almost surrounded with water 

adj. peninsulated, peninsular. 
PENITENCE, s. Repentance ; sor- 

row for crime, adj. penitent ^ peni- 
tential : s. penitent: taAv. penitently^ 

PENITENTIARY, adj. Relating lo 

the rules and measures of pen- 

ance..8. penitentiary, pi. pejitten- 

PEN'KNIFE. s. A knife used to cut 

T)ens. pi. penknives. 
PENNANT, s. A small flag. 
PEN'NATED. adj. Winged. 
PENNILESS, adj. Poor. 
PEN'NON. s. A small flag. 
PEN'NY. s. A small coin. pi. pennies^ 

pence: adj. penny wise: a. penny 

PENNYROY AL. s. A species of 

PEN'NYWEIGHT. <. k^^v^N-^a^xw- 


PEN'SILE, aJJ. Hanging. 

("ZiVSlON. 8. A payment made an- 
nually, for services performed, y. 
pension ; pr. par. peiuioning; past, 
pensioned: a. pensioner: adj. pen- 

PEM'SIVE. aJJ. Sorrowfully thought- 
ful. Sidy, pensioely: b. pensiveness. 

PE.N T. aJJ. Shut up. 

PEN TACHOKD. s. An instrument 

with five strings. 
PEN TAGON. s. A figure with five 

angles, adj. pentagonaL 

PENTAM;ETER. s. a verse of five 

feet. adj. pentameter. 
PENTANGULAR, adj. Five cor- 

five leaves. 
PKNTASTYLE. ». A building in 

which are five rows of columns. 
PENTATEUCH, s. The five books 

Mf Moses, pronounced pen' -ia-tuke. 
PkN'TECOST. s. Whitsuntide. 
l^tNTHOUSE s. A shed sipping 

iVom the main wall, 
t KNUL'TIMA. s. The last syllable 

out one. adj. penultimate. 
PB;NUM'BRA. s. An imperfect 

PKNU'RIOUS. adj. Niggardly; spar- 
ing, adv.pemtriotisly: s.penurious- 

PcIN'URY. s. Poverty. 
PE'ONY. «. A kind of flower, pi. 

PE'OPLE. s. A nation ; the vulgar. 

v. people; pr. par. peopling f past, 


PEPPER, s. A kind of spice, v. 
pepper; pr. par. peppering; past, 

PEPPERCORN. 5. Something of on- 
ly nominal value. 

PEPPERMINT. «: A kind of aro- 
matic herb. 

PEPTIC, adj. Helping digestion. 

PERADVEN'TUKE. adv. Perhaps; 
may be. 

PERAM'BULATE. v. To walk 
through; toaarvej. pr. par.peram- 


hulating; past, peratnbulaied. h, 

PERCEl' VE. V. To discover by some 

sensible effects, pr. four. perceiving. 

past, perceived: ». perceiver: auj. 

perceivable: adv. perceivably. 
PERCEPTIBLE, adj. Such as mav 

be known or observed. B.percep' 

Hon: adj. perceptive: adv. percept 

tibly: s. perceptibility. 
PERCH, s. A kind of fish ; a measure 

of five yards and a half; a pole; 

something on which birds sit. v. 

perch; pr. par. perching; past, 

perched: B.percher. 
PERCHANCE', adv. Perhaps. 
PERCIP'IENT. adj. Perceiving. ■. 

PERCOLATE, v. To strain through. 

pr. par. percolating; paai^percoSu 

ed: 8. percolaitoii. 
PERCUSS'. V. To strike, pr. par. 

percussing; paai^perctissed: B.per. 

PERCU'TIENT. adj. Striking. 
PERDITION, s. Destruction ; ruin 
PER'EGRLNATE. v. To travel, pr. 

par. peregrinating; past, peregri- 
nated: B. peregrination, pa-egrintP' 


adj. Dogmatical; absolute, adv. 

peremptorily: b. peremptoriness. 
PEREN'NIAL. adj. Lasting through 

the year ; perpetual, s. perennial^ 

PERERKA'TION. s. travel. 
PER'FECT. adj. Complete; finish- 

ed. V. perfect'; pr. par. perfecting ; 

past, perfect^: s. perfection, per* 

fectness^ perfecter: adj. perfective. 

adv. perfectly, perfeciively. 
PERFID'IOUS arf;' Treacherous, s. 

perjidy : adv. perjidiouslv. 
PERFLATE, v 1o blovv through. 

pr. par. perflating; past, perflated: 

a. perflation. 
PER'FORATE-tJ.To pierce tlirough; 

to bore. pr. par. ^er/J)rfl///*g-; past, 

perforated: s. perforation, perfo- 

rator: ad\. perforative. 
PERFORCE', adv. By violence. 



PERFORM'. t>. To do; to accom- 
plish, pr. par. jjerfanning ; past, 
performed: s. performance^ per- 
form£r: ady perJormnbU. 

PERFU'ME. s. Strong odour; fra- 
grance. V. perfume / pr. par. p^.r- 
J'uming; past, perfumed: s. per- 
fumer^ perfumery: adj. perfuma- 

PERFU'SE. V. To overspread; to 
tincture, pr. pur. perfusing; past, 
ptrfused: a. perfusion. 

PERHAPS', adv. Peradventure. 

PERICARDIUM. *. A thin mem- 
brane, that encloses the heart. 

PERICAR'PIUM. 5. A membrane 
enclosing the fruit of a plant. 

PERICRAN'IUM. s. The membrane 
that covers the skull. 

nearest possible distance of a 
planet from the earth. 

PERIHE'LIUM. s. That point of a 
pliinet's orbit, wherein it is near- 
est the sun. 

PER'IL. s. Danger; hazard, v. peril,' 
pr. par. periling; past, ponied: 
adj. perihus: adv. perilously. 

PERIMETER, s. The compass or 
sum of all the sides which bound 
a Hgure. 

PERIOD, s. A circuit; era, epocha, 
length of duration; a full stop. 
adj. periodical: adv. periodically. 

PERIPH'ERY. s. Circumference, pi. 

PERIPH'RASIS. s. Circumlocution, 
pi. periphrases: v. periphrase; pr. 
par. periphrasin^ ; past, peri- 
phrased: adj. pertphrashcal : adv. 

PERISH. V. To die ; to be destroy 
ed. pr. par. perishing; past, per 
tshed: adj. perishable: s. perish- 

PER'IWIG. 5. A wig. 

PERIWINKLE, s. A small shell- 
fish; a kind of plant. 

i'ER'JURE. V. To swear falsely 
and corruptly, pr. par. perjuring: 
past, perjured: s. perjurer ^ per- 
jury ^ pi. perjuries. 


PERTMANENT. adj. Durable; an* 
changed, adv. permanenlly: i. 

PERMEATE, v. To pass through 
pr. par. permeating; past, per 
mealed: s. permeation: adj. pet 

PERMIS'CIBLE. s. Such as may be 
mingled, s. permisiion^permixtion 

PERJVIIT'. V. To allow, without 
command ; to suffer, pr. par. per- 
milling; past, permilled : s. permit^ 
permission: adj. permissible^ per 
missive: adv. permissively. 

PERMU'TE. V. To exchange, pr 
par. permuting; past, permuted. 
s. permuter, permutatioru 

PERNI'CIOUS. adj. Destructive; 
very hurtful, s. pemiciousness : 
adv. perniciously. 

PERNOCTA'TION. s. Act of stay 
ing or watching all night. 

PERORA'TION. s. The conclusi on 
of an oration. 

PERPENDICULAR, adj. Hanging 
at a right angle with the horizon; 
crossing any other line at righl 
angles, s. perpendicular^ perpen- 
dicularity: adv. perpendicularly. 

PER'PETRATE. v. To commit; to 
act. pr. par. perpetrating; pasi, 
perpetrated: s. perpetration^ perpi- 

PERPETUAL, adj. Never ceasing; 
eternal, adv. perpetually. 

PERPETUATE, v. To make per- 
petual, pr. par. perpetuating; plast, 
perpetuaUd: s. perpetuation^ per* 
petutty^ pi. perpetuities. 

PERPLEX'. v.To disturb with doubts, 
to entangle ; to vex. pr. par. per* 
plexing ; past, perplexed: s. per^ 
plexedness^ perplexity^ pi. perplexi" 
ties: adv. perplexedly. 

PER'QUISITE. s. Something gain- 
ed, by a place, over and above the 
settled wages. 

PER'RY. s. A drink made of peaia 

PERSECUTE. t>. To pursue witr 
malignity; to oppress, pr. !}ax 
persecuting ; ^?i%\.^ ptr^tcMUA. ♦. 
persecutiofa, persecutor . 

tonaiitif^ pi. personalilies: adv. ptr- 

PLR'Soi^ABLE. adj. Ksndtome; 

PER'SONATE. ». To repreBenl b; 
B IwLiiioiii ornnuined cWacUr 
toad; ID feign, pr. Mr. ytrwnn 
img-; pMt, jm-jonalBl.- «. jktmii- 

TEHSOWIFV. r. To change fi 
Ihlnglaiperion. pr.pnr.yi 
(/j™-; pBit, firmnJUii: s. pfr- 

PEfSpECTiVE. ». Forward vie"; 
view of ruturit3' ; ihe Kience 'b^ 
which IhinM ore rgnnt^ in fl pie- 

peiranae. adj. ftrtpKli^: adv. 

FE^PlCA-ClbuB. lulj. Quick light- 
ed. ■- Jirr'j}te{icittf. 

PERSPICUOLS, nrfj. Tmniparpnl ; 
clear l.>lhi;undnrsliindinB. tprr-i 
n>pcui(n; adv. »cm»cu(mii«. 

PKHSPFRE. p. To sweat, pr. par. 

Jptrnhon .■ adj. per<jiira(orp, f(r- 

P^SOATJE. *. To faring lo tinj' 
pnrliciihr opinion; to inculcate 
bv arKiiinent or vxiiajtuhtlnn. pr, 
IHrn ptrmadiiigr niA, pfmnded : 
a. B-rjimrfm 

rERSUA-SiON. 1. Act orpertuadiiiE. 

adj. ptrmaiae, firiuaiary: adv. 
fERT. nrfi". Smart; mucj. a. prrl- 

PFRTAlr. V. To helong; to relnle, i 


PERTINA-CIOL'S. adj. OtMinal^ 
atubbori). adv, pertmadouMy : %. 


FimeMto the purpoBe. adj. j«/-ti- 

mnl: nil. ferlinnitly. 
PERTURBATION. 1. Disquiet ol 

iniadi diaturbance; diioider- 
PERTU'SED. orf). Pierced with 

pfrvaed - a^ jKniaat^ pmuer. 
PERVA'DE. V. To pass IbniiiBh; M 
be BEierai. ur, par, ptrenJtfig, 
past, ptnadta; I. ptreasiim ! adj 

PERVERSA. oA". Obalinate, 
born, untnctabla. t. Ptmtn 


perceriilj: idv. jmrertrfj. 
PERVEBT". V. To liiitort from I'm 

true rpiid OTpurjioce; lacorrDj-l; 

to minlead. pr. pnr. jn-m-finf;', 

past, pereerlld : a. penerltr .- aii. 

PERVER'SION. t Act of perverting 

PElfV^OUS.<id/. Admitting pasaaga 

fV^",'"^'^: peslilptice 
PESTIF-EBOUS. adj. reaiilentiil 

PESTER. 11. Tn disturb ; to perplei; 

pr. pur. palenngl past, peiltred. 

■s. ptslirir ! adj. palemta. 
PESTHDUSE. i. An hoapil.1 fot 

prraons infected with the plogub 
PESTILESCi^ J. PlagnejpoM. adj. 

fealilml, paliliHtial : adv. }.uf ifrnf. 

lyt jtatifBnlmltif. 
PEt-TLE, I. An intimmi-nt wiih 

which anT Ihinn ia broken in a 

Irjortar. h. mtiJtation, ' 
PET. i. A fiiBht poaaion: a fit of 

peeviahneie; any creature TondleJ 

and indiiljfed. ». ;>((,■ pr. pnr.firf. 

finp,- (last, ptilij : Bd(. prtdiAi «, 

jttltishitss : ndv. prttithfy. 
PETAL, a The lof of a flower 


PtTARiy. s. An explosive engine, 
used to break down gates or bar- 

PET'EREL. 5. A kind of sea-bird. 

PETI'TION. s. Request; entreaty. 
V. petition; pr. par. peiiiionin^; 
ip:ist, peti Honed: s. petitioner: adj. 

PETRES'CENT. adj. Growing to 

PETRIFY. V. To change to stone. 
pr. pur. petrij'ying; past^ petrijied : 
a. petrifaction^ petrijicaiion : adj. 

PETTICOAT, s. Part of a woman's 

PE TtVfOGGER. s. a petty lawyer. 

PETTITOES, s. Tlie feet of a suck- 
ing pig. 

PETTO. 5. The breast ; figurative- 
ly, privacy as ^^inpetto^'' i. e. in 

I'ETTY. adj. Small ; inconsidertble. 
s. pettiness. 

PETULANT, adj. Saucy; perverse. 
8. petulance^ petulancy: adv. petu- 

PEW. s. A seat enclosed in a church. 

PEWTER, s. A compound metal, 
s. pewte7-er. 

PH^NOM'ENON. s. See Phenomo- 


PHA'ETON. s. A kind of lofty, open, 

four-wheeled chaise. 
PHAL'ANX. s. A troop of men, 

close) v imbodied. pi. phalanxes. 

Vain and airy appearance. 

PHANTASY, s. See Fantasy. 

PHANTOM, s. A spectre ; a fancied 

Externally religious. s.pharisaism\ 

PHAR'ISKE. s. One of a religious 
sect amon?5)t the Jews. 

CEUTICAL, adj. Relating to the 
art of preparing medicines. 

PHARMACOL'OGY. s. The know 
ledgo of drugs and medicines. \ 


PHARMACO'PCEIA. s. A book o« 
rules for the composition of mod 


PHAR'MACY. 5 The trade of ar 

PHA'RO, PriA'ROS. J. Alight-house 

PHaRYNGOTOMY. s. The act <»( 
making an incision into the wind 

PHEASANT, s. A species of game 

PHE'NIX, PHCFNIX. s. A fiibalou* 
bird. pi. phenixes. 

PHENOMENON, s. Appearance; 
visible quality, pi. phenomena. 

PHl'AL. s. A small bottle. 

kind. adj. philanthropic^ phUan 
ihropical : s. philanthropist. 

PHIL'IBEG. s. See Filibeg. 

PHILIPPIC, s. Anv invective cV 
clamation. v. philippize; pr. par 
philippiztne; past, philippized. 

PHILOL'OGY. s. Criticism; gram- 
matical" learning, adj. philulogic^ 
philoloscical : s. philologist 

PHIL'OMATH. s. A lover of learn- 





PHILOS'OPHY. s. Desire of acquir- 
ing wisdom; knowledge, i;atnral 
or moral ; reasoning, adj. philo 
sophiCy philosophical: a. philnso 
pher: ^Av. philosophically \.phil 
osophize; pr. par. philosophizing 
past, philosophized. 

PHILTER, s. A charm to cause 
love. s. philter; pr. pM.philtcrin^t 
past, philtered. 

PHIZ. s. The fice, in contempt. 

PHLEBOTOMY, s. Blood-letting 
s. phlehoiomist : v. phlebotomize 
pr. par. phlebotomizing f past, pht* 

PHLEGM, s. The waterv hnmoui 
of the body; coolness; indifference 
adii.phlesrmalic 'egniaticnllif 

PHLEG'MONOUS. a</i. U^^^^^*. 

fHLEME. I. An iiiBinimeiit to 
liLcud with, parliculitly lued Toi 

WlLOf 'is-TON. *. An eiploded ebjT- 
nable bodi 


PHLr,M'ci-.».Th«<. . 

fire, atlj- phorphoraUd. 
PHRAStI: I. An idiom; Mjle; e»- 

PHB ASEOL'OGT. ). Style ; diction. 
l-HSeNEriC, ail. Mad. 
ClIRENOL-OGV. ., ThoKicnceof 

PHKEN'S?. I, Modnets. fVphrtn- 

tia: pdj. pArcfHfff'. 
PIIR yC 1 AN. rvI/.Denoti DS. ■ mongit 

Ihii jinciontB, A ■pri^htl}' and ini- 

PHTHISIC, PHTHiS'lS. ». A con- 
■iimplian. adj. oA^Auicni. 

PHYSIC AL. ndj.Relftt'nB "• "»•'"«. 
or to nitunl pliilosophy; medici- 
Bil. «d'. pAjjicnUj. 

tHYS-lC. 1. The BCienoB of healing, 
iJangi pan, phj/ridcd; t-phi/ii- 

PHVSIOCiflOMV. *. Ths ortof dis- 

knowina the forluno, by the fiMi- 

phynognonuat •. phifrioptomtat. 
rnVSiOLOGY. * The JoEtnno of 
n of the w<irk< af 
aingie, phyaolo 

nature. adj-pAwjio 
jyailr a.phyBahgi 

Pi ASrTER. I. An IWlian coin 
IIAZZA. 5 A Willi under ■ 
»F.|,nnrtPd 1)¥ nilinra- 
IIBRACH or FfBROCH. «. Altlnd 

liighlaiiden of Scotland. 
IrrCA. I- A particular sited tjpe. 
PtCABOON'. s. A robber. 
PICK. r. To chuoae; to Hlecti tu 

gather; to open a lock. Sic. pr. 

pAf'pickingi pitl,pidad: 9-fK^ 

PICKIIT. 1. A iharp ilake; t.^iur^ 
poited bePore an army. v-pioUf, 
pickrlingi pia\,pi(JalnL 

pi&'/le.' , 

Elckled. T. fi'cUe,' ] 
ng; putipicJiUd. 
I'lCK'NlC. J. An a™ 

PICK'POCKET. ». A Ihier, win 

itealifri'm the pocket. 
FICKTHANK. i. A tal^warer; ■ 

PICTOBIAI. adj. Produced by * 

PfcTURESqUP. ndj. Eiproiai 


lukcd, with tome- 

PIE'BALD. adj. OTyarioua eolonr* 

PltXC *. A pin ef the whole; ■ 

fragmenl; a picture; a perronn 

PIECE.' D.^o'enlarge by the addi- 
tion of a pibCB ; to joir,, pt. par 
pifdngi pa>t, pieced ■. pitccr. 

PIED. adj. Vat'u^piUd. a. pitdaaa. 

"iridge is raised. 

pr. par. piercin 
plerciitftua, pun 

•; fta jner 



PIG s. A. sow or boar ; a mass of 
un forged lead, &c. v. pig; pr. par. 
pigging; ^disi, pigged. 

PI'GEON. s. A kind of bird. 

pro EON HEARTED, adj. Timid. 

PI'GEONHOLES. s. An old English 
game : cavities or divisions in 
which papers are deposited. 

PKjGIN. 5. A small wooden vessel. 

PfGMExNT. s. Paint. 

PIG'MV, PYG'MY. s. a dwarf, pi. 
pigmies^ pygmies. 

PlGNORA'tiON. s. The act of 
pledging, adj. ptgnorative. 

PIG'NUT. s. A kind of nut that 
grows in the earth. 

PIGTAIL, s. A cue; a kind of 
twisted tobacco. 

PIKE, s A fish; a lance used by 
foot-soldiers, adj. piked. 

PIKE'LET. 5. A light cake. 

PIKE'MAN. s. A soldier armed with 
a pike. pi. pikemen. 

PIKE'STAFF. s. The wooden staff 
of a pike. 

PILAS'TER. s. A small square col- 
umn, y 

PILCH'ARD. s. A kind of fish. 

PILE. 5. A heap; a strong piece of 
wood driven into the ground, to 
make a firm foundation, v. pile; 
pr. par. piling; past, piled : s. piler. 

PIL'FER. V. To steal, pr. par. pU- 
Jering; prist,, pilfered : a. pilferer. 
adv. pilferingly. 

PIL'GRIM. s. A traveller; a wan- 
derer; one who travels to sacred 
places, for devotion, a. pilgrimage. 

PILL. s. Medicine made into a small 

PIL'LAGE. V. To plunder; to spoil, 
pr. par. pillaging; past, pillaged; 
8. pillagpr. 

PIL'LAR. s. A column; a supporter, 
adj. pillared. 

PlL'LIOiN. s. A low soft saddle, 
placed behind another, on which 
a woman rides. 

PIL'LORY. 5. A kina of punish- 
ment, pi. pillxjrtes. pr. par. pd- 
toring; past, pillored. 


PIL'LO W. s. A support for th* ^ »ad 
V. pillow; pr. par. pillowing; past, 
pillowed: s. pillow-case. 
PILOS'ITY. s. Hairiness adj. pilous, 
PI'LOT. s. He whose office is to 
steer a ship. v. pilot ; pr. par. }iu 
loting ; past, piloted : s. pilotage. 

PIMENTO, s. A kind of spice, pi 

PIMP. V. To pander, pr. piiT. pimp 

ing; past, pimped. 
PIM'PLk. s. A small red pustule. 

adj. pimpled. 
PIN. s. A short wire, used to fasten 

clothes ; any thing driven to hold 

parts together, v. pin; pr. par. 

pinning ; past, pinned : s. pincase^ 

pincushion^ pinhole. 
PINASTER s. The wild pine. 
PIN'CERS. 3. An instrument for 

drawing nails, &c. 
PINCH. V. To squeeze, to gripe, to 

be frugal, pr. par. pinching; past, 

pinch^: s. pinchy pi. pinches^ 

PINCHBECK. 5. Mixed gold-col 

oured metal. 
PINDAR'IC. s. A.1 ode, in the man 

ner of Pindar, adj. pindaric. 
PINE. s. A species of tree. adj. piny 
PINE. V. To languish; to wea» 

away with misery or pain. pr. par 

pining ; past, pined. 

PINE'APPLE. s. A kind of fruit. 

PI'NEAL. adj. Resembling a pine 

PI'NERY. 5. A place where pine. 

apples are raised, pi. pineries. 
PIN'FOLD. s. A place in whicl 

beasts are confined. 
PIN'GUID. adj. Fat. 
PIN'ION. s. A joint of the wing 

fetters, v. pinion ; pr. par. pinion 

ing ; liSiSt^ pinioned. 
PINK. s. A flower; a colour; a 

kind of ■'ieavy, narrow-sterned 

PINK. V. To work in eyelet holes 

to stab; to pierce, pr. par. pink 

ing; past, pmfced. 

flN.NAf.E. A A 

PINNAtJLE. t A tunet, 
•|.iriiiir point, idj. jiinmia 

PIS'Am «. ThoUoMtof 
drci., which Bin luuM. 

PISTCyLELi. Acainarm-nYcaiii 
Uiea, und minv degree* of tildO. 

PISTON. I. A rod moiini wilhi* 
a c>l>iKler. 

PIT. I. Ahole; inibjn: Ihemt.)- 
die part or i theatre, r.fti,- fi 

¥r. KittiHg; Taa,pilltd. 
A PAT. I. A Hutter; ■ light, 

PITCH. 1. The taain of the pine, 

frOCS. aJj. Delnut; godly; 

gioui; CBTorul oftlie duUea 
31 eJlT relation, adv. piputty^ 
P\f s. A disorder or fowlt 

Ihff two honheaJi. 

PIH6, ». To nlajsn Ihe pipe; to 
emilA ahhll ■amid. pr. par. pip- 
ittgimA, piped: a. piptr. 

M-i'lStforfi, Wwk; hot; boiling. 

I'll'KIN. I. A smnli enclhRn leiBol 

piquanthfi ■. /iiQWifV' 
FIQUK ». Dl-will; pelt)' malice; 

prudgB. ». piipie; pr. pa., pijvtnf ; 

nndt, piqued. 
TiqUET. It Agameateardi. 
ITRACr. J. Tlieactorrabhingon 

reh- , i'l'l UH'ER.' .t Aii''MrtiKn i 

PITCHWRR. I. An ini 
with which hayoi com ii a wagon. 
ITCH'PIPK J. An inatni 

. adj. piualorv, 
rn of the aodiac 

PIS'CGS. .. A ag< 

the fi-hra, j,, 

MSClV-OftOlIS. aJj. Plih^Blmg. |l 
nSH, tnL A conlempluouB eiclam-' PLACABF.E 

roiv of a pUnl 
h. adj. pilAliti, 
• : adr. pilkily, 
ge law, uacd hi 

PITV. J. Cornpaasion; aympathj 
Ibrmiierr. v.pHi/! pr. pat. pihiing, 
pnul, pititd: gdj. fitliihk, piU/vl, 
pllilal: 1. jNtj/Wnuj : adv. ;ii(t 

Pi VdT. J. A pin on which any thing 

A boi Tor the ci 

a. placabilil!) : ad» plae- 
The act DrJpLACARD'. i. An eoict; a mani- 

, piMnUng! paat,ll placarding ; ^ti, placaritd. 
V,n.A.C&. a. Paiticular |>oniai 


sp^.ce*, locality; office, v. place; 
pr. par. placing; past, placed: s. 

PLACE'MAN. s. One who exercises 
a public employment, pi. placemen. 

PLA'CID. adj. Gentle; quiet ; soft, 
s. placidnesSf placidity: adv. pla- 

PLA'GIARY. 5. A thief in literature; 
literary iheft. ^.pla^arism^ plagi- 
arist: adj. plagiary. 

PLAGUE, s. Pestilence; anything 
troublesome or vexatious. v./)/ag7^e; 
pr. par. p/ogn^mg",- past, plagued: 
s.plagrur: Sidy plaguy: adv. />/a- 

PLAICE, s. A kind of flat fish. 

PLAID, s. A variegated cloth; a 
cloak made of plaid. 

PLAIN, adj. Smooth ; level ; open ; 
clear; simple, b. plain^ plainness : 
rdv. plainly: adj. plaindealing^ 
J lainhearied, plainspoken. 

PLAINT, s. Lamentation; complaint, plaintfuly plaintlesSy plaintive: 
v. plutntiveness : adv. plaintively. 

PLAINTIFF, s. One that brings a 

PLAIN'WORK. 5. Needlework, as 
distingfuished from embroidery. 

PLAIT. 5. A fold; a double, pro- 
nounced plate. V. plait; pr. par 
plaiting; p^st^ plaited: b. phtiter. 

PLAN. s. A scheme; a model, v, 
plan; pr. pTiX. planning; past,/)2a7i- 
ned: B. planner, 

PLANE, s. A level surface ; an in- 
strument for smoothing boards, 
pr. par. planing; past, planed: s. 

PLAN'ET. s. One of the erratic 
stars. ^(\\. planetary. 

PLANE'-TREE. s. A kind of tree. 

PLANIM'ETRY. s. The mensura- 
tion of plane surfaces, adj. pZam- 

f'LAN I SPHERE, s. A sphere pro- 
jected on a plane. 

•-^LANK. s. A thick, stroncf board, 
v. plank; pr. par. planking; past, 

PLA'NO-CON'VEX. adj. Flat on one 


side, and convex on the other a 

PLANT, s. Any vegetable produi, 
tion. ^. plant; pr. par. planting, 
past, planted: s. plantation^ planter 

PLANTAIN, s. A kind of tree, and 
its fruit. 

PLAS'TER. s. A glutinous or adhe- 
sive mixture, v. plaster; pr. par. 
plastering; past f plastered: s.plaS' 
tering^ plasierer. 

PLASTIC, adj. Having the power 
to give form. 

PLAT. V. To weave, pr. par. plat" 
ting; pust, plaited: b. platter. 

PLAT. s. A small piece of ground. 

PLATE, a. A piece of metal, beat 
out into breadth; wrought silver, 
a dish to eat off. v. plate; pr. par. 
plating; pKSt^ plated. 

PLATFORM, a. A level place be- 
fore a fortification; an elevated 
stage ; a scheme. 

PLATI'NA. s. A recently discover- 
ed metal, of the colour of silv«r; 
heavier than gold; and, nexi to 
iron, the hardest of metals. 

PLATON'IC. adj. Relating to t^e 

Philosophy, opinions, or school of 
lato, s.platonism^platonist: adv 

PLATOON". 5. A small square body 
of musketeers. 

PLATTER, s. A large dish, gener- 
ally of earth or wood. 

PLAU'DIT. s. Applause. 

PLAU'SIBLE. adj. Superficially 
pleasing; specious, ndy plausws: 
adv. plausibly: s. plavjsibility. 

PLXY. v. To sport; to game; to 
touch a musical instrument ; to 
operate; to personate a dranu 
pr. par. playing; past, played, a. 
piny t player: ^y playful: s. play* 
Julness: adv. plajifully: s. playbook^ 
play day ^ play debt^ play rellau\ play' 
house^ playmate^ playtmng. 

PLEA. s. The act or form of lead- 
ing ; an apology. 

PLEAD. V. To enter a plea ; to ar 
gue before a cc^vvtV. Ck^ \ws.Vvi.^\ \.^ 
reasou nv\\.\v ^tiolOafcx. m . ^^t . ipXwxAi 


tng ; pn&i^ pleaded : s. pkader: adj. 
pleadiil U. 

PLEAS' AxNT. adj. Delightful; good- 
humoured; gay. s. pleasarUness^ 
pleasantry f pi. pleasantries: adv. 

PLEASE, r. To gain approbation; 
to like. pr. par. pUastng; past, 
pleased: s. pleiser, pUasingness : 
adv. pleasingly. 

PLEAS' U RE. s. Delight; gratifica- 
tion; choice, adj. pleasurable: s. 
pleasurableness : adv. pleasurably. 

PLEBEIAN. J. One of the lowpr 
people, adj. plebeian. 

PLEDGE, s. A pawn; a gage; a 
surety, &c. v. pledge; pr. par. 
pledging; past, plained: s. pledger. 

I F.E1'ADES, PLEl'ADS. t. A north- 
ern constellation. 

[LEN'ARY. adj. Full; complete, 
adv. plenarily. 

PLENIPOTENCE. s. Fulness of 
power, adj. plenipoient. 

tiator invested with full power, pi. 
plenipotentiaries: adj. plenipoten- 

I LE'MST. 5. One that holds all 
space to be full of matter. 

PLEN'ITUDE. s. Fulness; reple- 

PLENTEOUS, adj. Copious; abun 
dant. s. plenteoitsness: adv. plen 

PLENTY, s. Abundance; fruitful 
ness. adj. plentiful: s. plentiful- 
ness: adv. plentifully. 

PLE'ONASM. s. A figure of rhet- 
oric, by which more words are 
used than are necessary. 

PLETH'ORA. 5. The state in which 
the vessels are fuller of humours 
than is agreeable to a natural state 
of health. 

PLEU RISY. s. An inflammation ofl 
the pleura, pi. pleurisies : adj. pleu- 
ritic^ pleunttcnl 

PLI'ABLE. adj. Easy to be bent; 
flexib]e. s. pliability^ pi. pliabili- 
iies: adv. pliably* 


PLPANT. adj. Bending, fleuMo: 
easy to take a form. ^. ]»2tancy. 

Fold; double. 

PLI'ERS. s. An instrument by which 
any thing is laid hold of, to bend 

PLIGHT. V. To pledge, pr. par. 
plighting; past, pUghted: s. pUghi' 

PLIGHT, s. Condition; state. 

PLINTH, s. The lowermost parte 
a pillar. 

PLOD. V. To toil ; to travel labori- 
ously; to study dully, pr. par. plod- 
ding; psisifploaded: s. plodder. 

PLOT. s. A small extent of ground; 
a scheme; a stratagem v. pioti 
pr. par. plotting; p^si^ plotted: a. 

PLOUGH, s. An instrument of ag- 
riculture. V. plough; pr. par. 
plouglUng; past, ploughed: s. 
ploughery phmghboy^ ploughland^ 
ploughman^ ploughshare. 

PLOVER, s. A kind of bird. 

PLUCK. V. To pull with nimble- 
ness or force ; to snatch, pr. par. 
plucking i Tp&st^ plucked . B.pludc^ 

PLUCK, s. The heart, liver, an<» 
lights of an animal; courage. 

PLUG. s. Any thing driven in, to 
stop a hole. v. plug; pr. par. plug 

ging; past, plugged. 
PLUM, s, A kind of fruit, s. plunu 

PLU'MAGE. s. Feathers. 
PLUMB, s. A plummet, v. plumb, 

pr. par. plumbing ; pBsi^ plumbed. 
PLUMB, adj. Perpendicular to the 

PLUM'BEAN. adj. Consisting of 

PLUM'BEOUS.oi{;. Resembling lead. 
PLUMB'ER. s. One who maktt 

things of lead. 
PLUME, s. A feather of birds; a 

feather worn as an ornament, v 

plume; pr. par. pluming; past, 

plumed' adj. plumelesi 
PLV3^VG'¥LRbUS. adj. Featliered 

fLU*M[PEDF,. s. A rowl tliat has 
PLUM-MET. 3. A laaden wEiehl. 

PL if MOUS, PLU'M V .odj . Feathcrj; 

rcuerablinff feathen- a. f'fiunonfy' 
PLUM?, u^. lucllning to fatnua; 

>t«ek; fuil and amaDth. s-pluinp- 

npu; adv. plumpty^ 
n-VtAP. V. 1 o fall ilke a itone intg 

water, pr. pat. filmajiing/ past, 

plurapifi^- adv. piumfi. 
"LU.NDKR. a. To pillage, pr. par. 

pliindaing: p.-iHt, plandtred; t. 

PLUNGB. 0. To pm or immerto 
BUddedy uader water, in. 

par. plunging! past, ; 
J'''"We, f tangs'-. 

TLU'RAL. alj. Implj'ii^g marc thi 
□ni!. «■ plvrntHi/: adv. plvraUy, 
I'LUSH. I. A kind Df doth. 
FLU ViAL, PLU'VIOUS. orfj. Re- 

J*I.Y. V. "To work diligently; to ao- 
]J4:it. pr. par. ^/yin^,' paati ;j^i£: 

PLV'ERS. J. Sea Pliem. 

rNEUMATICS. a. Tba acience of 
tho demily and preasuro of the 
i.tmo»piiere. adj. pnnrtJiBiit 

POACH. V. To boil iliBhtly. 
pluiidoT by Btealtb. pr. par. voa 
ing; fiXi,paadiii: t-fanoier. 

POCK. 1. A piiatuU. 

iiilD clothes, pr. par. ^Kittling! 
paal, pnek'ted. 

rOC'ULIiNT. adj. Fil for drink. 

ron. a. Tba case of If^min. 

. voocA- 

P(fEM! ". 

enirrarcd on a ring or other Ihil 
PffET, I. A writer of poenn. f 
poelai, pi. jiiKlrita: adj. piKtic. 
fatSeai! aiT. j/Btlicalhi: a-pixli-f. 

fsTliR. J. AWlo,: 

I. poigim^ici/ ; 


POINT. I. A ihorp end i a 
particular place, &c. v.pont.-pi 
par. ptiiAitng; juat, pointed.- t 
poiHttr^poinJcdnesr; a^J. ptaititeai 
adv. poinlaUy. 

POINTI'JL I. Anj Lbing lliat poinM 

POl'KtR^i. \^e'nom; any thing uia 
■ignant. T.powm; [>r. par. poiwr. 
7^; past, p^iiomd m. pmrnrt^ 

idv. poHDROUl/y. 

■Lid I. Weight 


poising; -asAt^poivd. 
POKIl J. A bag; ■ aack; akind ol 

POKE. B. To feci in Iho dark ; ti 
search »ny thing with a long in 
Blruinent. pt. par. yokingi paal 

lie polea. a. /xpfimfy, leDdcni 
JPOLC. I. ThecHremityoftheaa 

POLE-AXE. t. An ai 

POLCSTAR. I. Aiiir near ihe pole. 
POLl'CE. i.Thereplalionofaeiir 

or country; olCcsra cinplayed in 

pieaerving the peace. 
POL-ICY. I. The art of goyMnmBnt i 

prudence, Sc. pi, poliaes, 
POL-rSH. o. Toamoothi to brighten, 

to rvtine. pr. par. iialiihing! paat, 

pjiUrhrd: a. piilish.. potukeri adj. 



of 4*legaikt maanen. f. poltiemen .-iPOMAl^ s. A fnpMM o iD l M Cii t . 

ndvjoiiUly. [taSlAN'DER. s. A perfuaed ImJI 

POLITIC, adj. Political ; civil ; pm-lj or powder. 

dent ; znCnl adv. poUticaUy. I POMATUM s. An otntmeiit for the 
POL'ITICS. s. The scieoce of gov- hair. y. pomatum ; pr. par 

eromcut. ^dj. political : adr.poUU- honing; past, 

ctdly: 8. politician. 
P(^L'1TV. $. A form of government ; 

fiolicy ; art. pi. politus. 
POLL. 9. The nead ; a catalogue or 

lii»t of tliose vyho vote. v. poll; 

pr. par. polling; p^st, polled. 

POMfTGRAN ATE. «. A kind oftree. 

and its fruit. 
POM'MEL. s. A round ball or knob; 

the knob that balances the blado 

of a sword ; the protuberant part 

of a saddle, before. 

POLLARD, s. A tree lopped; the POM'MEL. ©.To beat with any thing 
chub-fiah ; a mixture of bran and t*"c*t "d bulky; to bruise, pr. par. 
meal. y. pollard. I pommeling; psM^pomeUd. 

A multiplying 

POL'LEN. s. A sort of fine bran. 

POLL-L'VIL. s. A disorder in a 
Intrse^s neck. 

POLLU'TE. V. To make unclean; 
to defile; to corrupt, pr. par. pol- 
luting; paLSt, polluted: s. pollution, 
polluter^ poUutedness. 

POLTROON'. 9. A coward, s. pol- 

1»0LV AiNTHUS. ». A kind of plant, 
pi. polyanthuses. 


POLYG'AMY. J. The act of having 
more than one wife. s. polygatntst. 

POL'YGLOT. adj. Containing many 
languages, s. polyglot 

POL'YGON. s. A figure of many 
angles. Sidj. polygonal. 

mL'YGRAM. s. A figure of many 

I'OL'YPUS. 8. A sea animal with 

many feet ; any thing with many 

roots or feet. pi. polypuses: adj. 

POLYSYL'LABLE. s. A word of 

many syllables ; a word of more 

than three syllables, adj. polysyl- 

labiCy polysyliabicaL 

POLY'THEISM. 5. The doctrine ofj 
\ plurality of gods. s. polytheist: 
adj. polytheistic, polytheisiical. 

POM'ACE. 8. The dross of cider- 

WMA'CEOUS. adj. Consisting of 

POMP. s. Splendour, pride, ostenta- 

tioo. adj. pompous: b. pompowty s 

adv. pompously. 
POMPION. 8. See Pumfkci. 
POND. 8. A small pool of water; 

a lake. 
PON'DER V. To consider ; to muse. 

pr. par. pondering; past, ponder* 

ed: a. ponderer. 
PONDERATION. *. The act of 

weighing, adj. ponderable^ pen- 

PON'DEROUS. adj. Heayy, weighty 

B.ponderousness: ^dv. ponderously. 
PON'IARD. s. A dagger, y. poniard 

pr. par. poniarding; past, 7>omar<i' 

PONTAGE. 8. Duty paid to repair 

PONinFF. 8. A high priest ; the 

pope. adj. pontificy poniijical: a. 

poniijicate: ady. pontificaUy. 
PONTON'. 8. A floating bridge of 

boats, pronounced />on-<oon'. 
PONY. 8. A small horse, pi. ponies. 
POOL. 8. A lake of standing water. 
POOP. 8. The hindmost part of a 

POOP. V. A ship is said to be poop- 
ed, when she receives on her poop 

the shock of a high and heavy sea. 
POOR adj. Not rich; necessitous; 

paltry; lean. s. poorne**; adv. jBoor* 

ly: adj. poorspirited : s. poorspirit" 

POP. s. A small, smart, quick sound. 


niDlion. i>r. pn. popping i yni 

POPR I. The biihop of Home : i 

small full- iii-Fopish,- a.piipedan 

pfifitry; ariv. pwbhlu. 
P6Pt.J0 W. ., A am»e at csrds. 

ed Willi All, in the iniddie of tin 

POl'fiVJAV. s. A parrel ; a wood 

petkor; a iHflli.g ra|.. 
POPLAR. (. AkincortrBB. 

k nnd worutGiJ. 
TOt'PET I. See PufPtr. 
PO!"PY. I. A kiud of flower, pl- 

POPULACE. *. The >ulgiir; the 

POP'OLAR. ndj, Vulgtir; plenilng 

10 ihe peoplB. «. popuhrilif! adv. 

P.>P'UI.ATE, t>. To breed pcDple; 
lo liil wiih mliabiUiKi. pr. par. 
pnpiihting;^tA,pt'p"Jt<led: t.pop- 
viatiim! aili. populous: i. pi/Hi- 
itmsnets: na-t. pin"tloml^, 

PORCELAIN, t China wue- 

PQRCH. I. A rortiroj a coiercd 
-viilk. pi. fenha. 

PI R'CUPINE. J. A liind or animal. 

PC RE. I. Spiracle of (he (kin. adj. 

p6rE. b. 'fa hull with 


PORK.' J. Swine'i flesh. ■. porin-, 

fnriul. pnrUine. 
rORTHVRV. fcMnriileora partic- 

POR'POISE, POB'PUR. I. The aen- 

hug, pl. porpouer, porpuma. 
PORRECnoN. I. The act orraach- 

PORT. V. To CHin-. pr. pu- pnrt- 
jr.- pail, ported: adj. JiorbiUf .- B. 

PORTAGE, i. CarriaBB; price ol 

PORTAL. J. Agate; the arch of* 

P(JR-«;l]L'LlS. I. A Bort of nii»- 

pl- jNjrlcwAwM.- sdj. partctdliici 
FORTEKD'. e- Toforel(ikfin:to fotB^ 
atiow. pr- par. porloiJing-; psM, 
;igrlOiiIeii: «. /Mrrnuum, jmrlihL 
PORTIA. I. One wholiuthe chargo 
of a gatei D CDrrleri A klnii of 
Kranit beer. leni. porlreii, pl-JNtA- 

PORTFOLIO. J. A core for keen- 
ins loose papers. 
PORTHOLE. J. A hpla ins .Inn 

POR'TICO. I. A covered walk, la 
fmiit of abouiB. pl porticoea, 

POR'TIO.N, t. A port asaigBed- >. 
porliani pT.pur. portioning ; p»<t, 
porlioiud: s. poriiancn adj, por- 

FORTLV. aij. Of etolely niion: 

POKtSaNT'EAU- J. A ehesi or 

}i:\e in which cLothee are carried. 

PORTMOTE. J. A court held io 

PORTRAIT. I. A pictn™ drawn 

frnm lift. a. porlnifvn. 
PORTRAY'. B. To paint i todeaorih* 

bj picture- pr- pir. parlrai/ing , 

Jiatit, porlrayrj. 
POR'TKEVE. 1. The bailiff of a port 

P^a^ iKa^Woi?' 

void, fVDin poat tonulalus, the 

t^SK^S'. V. To hi>e u aU awn 
tOKnu; ID mske miiUer of. 
|Ur j-ouaiiiit put, /nukuhI; 
faaHHiaii, piismar: adj. jibh 

(USjilUliL aJj. UaviiiEtbepui 
u> he, III t<i IM doibv. Bdv.^Hunl 
1, poanbiiiti/, -pL. poHibilUkt- 

I^JST s. Arneuengeri quickcoune 


ol* tili 

.i,n- i 

^.,, , _. y, pail I pr. pur. 

piiiling past, poifnJ-- l. pojlnj*, 
pa'ler, poslbog, pastcAaiic, pott- 
hutt^ pathofse^ posthovsr^ post- 
nnn, peatmoMltr, poil-ojlia, poat- 

f CwrbATE. r. To c 


txUafum, fmtiiialian : adj. fnMi- 

PC^URE. I. PoiiliOD, diapiniliai 
I prutito ulilicHl OM- 
■( the bodj. 
PCrijY.i. AmuiloQDaruieiibaKk 

en. pL poua. 
POT. I. A ie*ul to hold Uiiaid*, 
die. ». pel: pr. par. poUmgi pot, 
polird: I. polAcrb, /loUoaJb 
Pt/TABLE. Bifj. Drinkable. «. r» 

POTASH. I. Ad alkaline nlL ^ 

POT A'TION.i.Drinkingbout; drink. 
POTATO. 1. A kmd of uculuit 

. pi. mCh/hj. 

PaTCNT. ad/. Powerful; 
potent^ pittmty, pi. pofi 
PO'TCNTATE. a a moi 

. fellow. 



I^w "IiIl "^ 

l*0STHUMOUS. ad/. Done, hsd. 

or puhliihed. after a '' 

deatti. idr. ^iIAikhoujIv 
POSTIL'IOS. I. Adriverol 

or poMchtiie. 

lOUS. a4j. Done or contri 

ruSTMERID'lAN oA'. Beij 

a(lrriirK>n, P.M. 
POSTPO'NC, o. To piitofl 

lay. pr. par, pnilpo.iing 

postpmri, >. pnstpoTitintr 
POSTSCRIPT. ». Something idded 

to the end of a letter. 
IXBTULATE. •, To asunmB wiih- 

oal proof, pr. par. porfuiid'ng- ; 
qui, paitulaUd: i. pojhilaK, poi- 

'^.- a. yotentiatity^ 
niTH'KB. 1 Kuitle; tumDIt. 
^ TOTHOUSE. J. An ale-hoiHB. 
POTlOn. I. A draught ; cDminaDl; 

POTTAgK. j. Adj thiDK boiled for 

POTTER. I. A inBk>:r of earthea 

■OTVALIAST. ndj. Heated t* 
tnumeetn alrong drink. 
■- POUCjf i."A.mallhBg; a pocket. 
pi. pnueha: V. potich^ pr. par. 


A loFl, mollif^'ing 

i,|i|ii..;-.<ii"i. .. poullia; pr. par. 
jnnitlli:ing; past, pvrultiad^ 
POUI.TBY. * D"me>tic fowls, pi 

PCTJNCE.I. TheHlnnorabird* 
fie^^, Uul^ ^wder of gnn vam* 

FOi;— PRA 

lach or rosin, v. pounce ; pr. par. 
pouncing ; past, pounced. 

rOUNCETBOX. s. A small box, 
perforated, pi. pounceiboxes. 

POUND, s. A weight ; twenty shil- 
lings; an enclosure. 

POUND V. To beat; to shut up. pr. 
par. pounding; p&s.^ pounded: s. 

POUND' AGE. s. A certain sum de- 
ducted from a pound; confine- 
ment of cattle in a pound. 

POUR. V. To empty liquid out of 
a vessel; to flow. pr. par. pour- 
ing; pust^ poured : s. pouret 

POURTRAY'. V. See Portbay. 

POUT. V. To look sullen, by thrust- 
ing out the lips ; to frown, pr. par. 
pouting; past, pouted: s. potU^ 

POVERTY, s. Indigence, meanness, 

POWDER, s. Dust ; any body com- 
minuted. V. powder; pr. par. pow- 
dering; past, powdered: s. povt- 
derer, powderhom, powdermiU. 

POW'DERING-TUB. s. A vessel in 
which meat is salted. 

POWER, a. Authority; influence; 
ability; strength, adj. powerfuly 
potoerless: s. powerfulness : adv. 

POX. s. Pustules. 

POZE. V. To puzzle, pr. par. poz- 
ing; past, pozed. 

PRACTICABLE, adj. Performable; 
possible to be accomplished, s. 
practicability^ pi. practicabiliiies: 
adv. prndicably. 

PRACTICE. 5. Frequent repetition 
of an act; use; actual perform- 
ance, adj. practical: s. practical- 
ness, adv. practically. 

PRACTISE. V. To repeats an act 
frequently; to do; to e.xercise. 
pr. par. practising; pnst^ practis- 
ed: 8. prnrtisery practitioner. 

adj. Meddling ; impertinently bu- 
sy. 8. pragmaticalness: adv. prag- 
matically • 

PRAIRIE J. A tract of land, in the 


valley of the Mississippi, and otoei 
parts of the west, destitute of trees, 
and covered with long, coar»e 

PRAISE, s. Commendation; ap- 
plause; honour, v. praise; pr. par. 
praising; past, praised: a. praiser, 

PRAISE'WQRTHY. adi. Commend- 
able. 8. praiseworininess : ad?. 

PRAME. s. A flat-bottomed boat. 

PRANCE. V. To spring and bonnd 
pr. par. prancing; past, pranced 
8. prancer. 

PRANK, a. A frolic ; a mischievous 

PRATE. V. To talk idly ; to chat 
ter. pr. par. ;»ro<mg"; past, /»ra/c</ 
8. pratey prater: adv. pratingly. 

PRATTLE. V. To talk lightly, pr 
par. prattling; past, prattled: s. 
prattle^ prattler. 

PRAV'ITY. s. Corruption, badnesa. 

PRAWN, s. A small crustaceous fish. 

PRAY. V. To petition ; to entreat, 
pr. pax. praying ; pasty prayed : a. 
prayer: Rdv.prayingly: s. prayer- 

PREACH. V. To pronounce a pub- 
lic discourse, upon sacred subjects, 
pr. par. preaching; pasty preached 
s. preamer. 

PREADMON'ISH. v. To caution o 
advise beforehand, pr. oar.pread' 
monishing; past, preaamonished 
8. preadmonition. 

PREAM'BLE. s. Something previ- 
ous; introduction, v. preamble; pr. 
par. preambling; past, preambled. 

PREAM'BULATE. v. To walk be- 
fore, pr. par. preambulating; past, 
preambuLated : s. preambulahon . 
adj. preambulatory. 

PREAU'DIENCE. s. The right or 
state of being heard before an 

PRE BEND. s. A stipend granted in 
cathedral churches. aAyprebe^xdad, 
8. prebendary y pi. preben iaries. 

PRECA'RIOUS. adj. Dependent, 
uncertain, s. prccttrvQ(u«tv»^*. ^iSN 


PRE(. ATORY. adj. Suppliant. 

PKKC: A L" TION. *.* Preservative cau 
tioii. adj. precautional. 

Pf»K(/E'DE. V. To go before, in rank 
oi time pr. p:ir. preceding f past, 
preceded : s. precedence^ precedent : 
adj. prece'dent. 

PRKCESSION. 5. Act of preceding. 
RE(.E>i'TOR. s. He that leads a 

I RF/CEPT. 5. A command, injunc- 
tion, mandate, s. preceptor: adj. 
preceptive^ preceptory. 

PRECINCT, s. Outward limit, 

PRECIOUS, adj. Valuable: costly, 
s. preciousness : adv. preciously. 

PRECIPICE, s. A headlong steep. 

PRECIPITATE. V. To throw head- 
long; to hasten unexpectedly. 
fj4-. par. precipitating; past,precip- 
itated: s. precipitation^ precipitance^ 
firecipitancy : ndy predpiiate^ pre- 
cipitant : adv. precipitately. 

PRECIPITATE, s. A corrosive med- 
icine, made by precipitating mer- 

PRECrSE. adj. Exact ; strict ; nice, 
s. precisian^ precision^ preciseness : 
adv. precisely. 

PRECLU'DE. V. To shut out or hin- 
der, by some anticipation, pr. par. 
precluditig ; past, precludea. 

PRECLU'Sl ON. 5. Act of precluding, 
adj. preclusive: adv. preclusively. 

PRECO'CIOUS. adj. Ripe before the 
usual time. 8. precocity, pi. pre- 

PRE<;0'GITATE. v. To consider or 
scheme beforehand, pr. par. pre- 
cno Hating ; past, precogitated. 


PRECOMPOSE. V. To compose be- 
forehand, pr. par. precomposing ;\ 
past, precomposed. 

PRECONCEir. 8. An opinion pre- 
viously formed. 

I'RECONCEI'VE. v. To form an 
opinion beforehand, pr. par. pre- 
eon^vingf past, preconceived^ 


PRECONCEPTION. *. Act of pi« 
conceiving; notion preconceived. 

PRECONTRACT. 5. A previout 
contract, v. precontract; preton 
trading; past, jprec(«:«^rac<edL 

PRECURSOR. *. Forerunner; har 
binger. ^d\. precursory. 

PREDA'CEOUS. adj. Living by prey 

PRE'DAL. adj. Practising plundei 

PRE'DATORY. adj. Plundering; ta 

PREDECES'SOR s. One who p-e- 
ceded in time ; an ancestor. 

PREDESTINATE, v. To appoint by 
irreversible decree, pr. par. pre 
destinating; past, predestinated: 
s. predestination, predestinarian^ 

PREDESTINE, v. To decree before- 
hand. pr. par. predestining ; paiit, 

PREDETER'MINE. v. To determi-ie 
beforehand, pr. par. predetermit- 
ing; p^si^predetermtned: nd}.pT9- 
determinate: a. predetermination^ 

PRE'DIAL. tidj. Consisting of farms; 
belonging to a farm. 

PREDICAMENT, s. A class or a> 
rangement of beings or substances, 
ranked according to their naturej 
adj. predicamental. 

PREDICATE. V. To affirm any thu .g 
of a subject, pr. par. predicating^ 
past, predicated: adj. predicable, 
predicatorv: s. predicate, predico^ 
Hon, predicahility. 

PREDICT. V. To foretel ; to fore 
show. pr. par. predicting; past, 
predicted: s. prediction, predictor. 

PREDILECTION, s. Prepossession 
in favour of any particular persoi 
or thing. 

PREDISPCSE. V. To adapt prev* 
ously to any certain purpose, pr 
pur. predisposir^t pixat, predispos 
ed : s. predisposiium. 

PREDOM'INATE. v. To prevail; 
to be ascendant, pr. par. predom- 
inating; past, p*-edominated : a 
predominance, predomination : a'h 

J predominant : ad\ . fredominan 7v 

3«^ " 


P RE-ELECT. V. To choose by pre- 
vious decision, pr. par. preeUcUng; 
msi^ preelected : B.predeciion: adj. 

PREEM'INENCE. s. Superiority of 
excellence; precedence, adj. jwe- 
eminent: adv. preeminently. 

PREEM'PTION. 8. The right of 
purchasing before another. 

PREENGA'GE v. To engage by 
precedent ties or contracts, pr. 
])ar. preengaging; psiBt, preengag- 
ed : 8. preengagetnent. 

PREEXIS'TENCE. s. Existence be- 
fore, adj. preexistent. 

PREF'ACE. s. An introduction to a 
book, <fcc. V. preface; pr. par./»re/^ 
rtcing*,* past, prefaced. 

PREK'ATORY. adj. Introductory. 

PRE'FECT. s. A governor, a com- 
mando r. s. prefecture. 

PREFER'. V. To regard more; to 
exalt; to present ceremoniously, 
pr. par. preferring; past, preferred: 
8. preference^ preferment^ preferrer: 
n6\. preferable : adv. preferably. 

PREFIG'URE. V. To exhibit by an- 
tecedent representation, pr. par. 
prefguring; past, prefigured: s. 
prefiguration : Rdy prefigarniivfi. 

PREFIX'. V, To appoint beforehand; 
to put before another thing, pr. 
par. prejixing; past, prefixed: e. 
prefiv^ prefixion. 

PREG'NaBLE. adj. That may be 
won by force. 

PREG'NANT. adj. Teeming, breed 
ing, fruitful, full. s. pregnancy 
adv. pregnantlif. 

PREJUDGE*. V. To determine with 
oiit due testimony, pr. par. pre 
judging; past, prejudged: n.pre- 

PREJUWCA'TION. s. The act of 
prejudgine. adj. prejudicative. 

PREJUDICE, s. Judgment formed 
without examination; preposses- 
sion of mind. ▼. prejudice; pr. par. 
prtjvdicing; oast, prejudi^d. 

PREJUDrCI AL. «(;. Excitingprcju- 
dicc: injurious, hurtful, tid^.prefu' 

^ 2B 


PRE'LATE. s. An ecclesiastic oi 
the highest order, adj. prelatie% 
prdatxcal: 8.prelaryy ^il. prelacies 
adj. prdaiically. 

PRELA'TION. 8. Preference; the 
setting of one before another. 

PRELEC'TION. s. Reading; lecture. 
8. prelector. 

PRELIBA'TION. s. Taste before- 

PRELIMINARY, adj. Previous; in 
troductory. b. preliminary^ p\. pre- 

PRECLUDE. 8. Some short flight of 
music, played before a full con- 
cert; something introductory. ▼. 
prelude ; .pr. par. prduding; past, 

PRELU'SIVE. adj. Previous, intro- 
ductory, proemial. adj. prdusory 

PREMATU'RE. adj. Ripe too soon 
too early, s. prematureness^ prema- 
turity: adv. prematurely. 

PREMEiyiTATE. v. To think or 
contrive beforehand, pr. par. pre 
meditating; pastf premeditated : s. 
premeditation: adj. premeditate 
adv. prem^dttaiely. 

PREMIER 8. A principal minister 

of state. 
PREMI'SE V. To explain previous 

ly. pr. par. premising; past, pre 

mised: a premises. (\n law Ian 

guage) houses or lands ; previou 

PRE'MIUM. 8. Something given t 

invite a loan or bargain ; a reward 


PREMON'ISH. V. To admonish be 
forehand, pr. par. premonishing 
pMty premonished : a. premonition 
adj. premonitory. 

showing beforehand 

PRENOM'INATE. v. To forename, 
pr. par. prenominating; past,/»r»- 
nominaied: a. prerMminaiion. 

PREOCCUPY. V. To take previous 
possession of; to prepossess, pr 
par. preoccuTnjwg; ^j\^yftftWM*- 
^d: s. freocrui»oAMnv 

TOEDPN'ION. .. Opiju 

dentlr formed.' 
PKEOP"nO\. 1. Right of fim 

PREOROAIN'. V. To ordain before- 
hand. frV. ^r, jirtartiainittgi posl^ 
jirwririinrf; *. prtordinana, prt- 
ordu^tion: adj, pnordinaU. 

FREPAIIE. D. To take previoui 
measures ; (o lit fur; to adjuat Id 
pr. par- preparing i pait^prepartd ,- 
i. preparalum, prtpartr, pt^iartd- 
(KM- attj . prijinniiory, prcparali'- - 
bJt. prrparrdlg, prtparatncly. 

PBEPENSK'. mlj. Porelhouglit ; p.„ 
conceived : ng Tnjiice pnmtiw. 

PREllJiN'DliRArE. v. I'o outweish; 
to overpower by weight, pr. pur, 
prtpondrrating : past, prcpo-nOer- 
aied ; n- prrpundertma^ prepondtr- 
aiion.- Hdj. prtpondemnt 

PREPOSI'TIOS. (In grammar) . 

PREPOSslsff°'S."'f oVrmccupy; lo 

prejudice, pr. Tiar. pnposstaing, 

paat,j7r(jjOMesj(J.- a. f rqiDimMioii 
PREPOSTEROUS, adj. Absurd; 

perverted, t. pripoitiroitsa, 

adv. prqtostiratiiiy. 
PKEREQ'TJISITE. itlj. Previouily 

necessfiry. s. prcreouiailt. 
PREBOG'ATIVE. i. Eselu.ivo prlv- 

ileirc or rlirbt. adi. preroraiived, 
PliFsAGE. J. PrognorticT percep- 

tion of futurity, v. praifgi ; pr. 

par. pnsaging; past, praaged.- 

■di. prunm/W; •. praager. 
FRES'BVTER. ». a prieat; . pres- 

bTteriim. t. presbytery^ pi-preaby- 

PRESBYTE-RIAN. adj. Consisting 
of plders; governed by ciders. «. 
prabylerioTi, prajWirianijin. 
PRESCIENT, orfj. Foreknowing; 

jirophHiin. t.ptisatnce, 
PRESCRI'BR ». To inlbence by 

knedjcal direcliona. pr. par- pre- 
tcribing; past, pracribrd : t-prt- 
tcriier.' «di. prticripliai. 


I inj; ■wrillen direction. »dj. pr* 

room, jn »-hich a great person r* 

PRESENT. V""l absent, not 
post; not future. M.praoKli tdl, 

I'KES'ENT, I. A gift; Mmelhing 

pr. par. pnitntingi pa^ptaaU 
id.- aA}. praenlabli. 
PRESENTATION, i. Act of pre- 

PRESENTIM ENT.s.Prevtons idea) 
notion p.evio,!slv formed. 

PRESERVE. D. To sate ; lo defead 
from evil; to keep; to bcuor 
fruits and other vegctRblen w'x 
sugar, pr. par. preserving part, 
presenjid ; a. praerve, pratrttr 

PRESl'DE. B. To be set over; td 

'Oiinirnian ST gaietiiat. pr. pas. 
jtrtsiding; paal, jrsji'ifcd. 
PRES-IDENT. a. One placed witb 
authority over nthers ; n chaimiiFIi ; 
■ gorernor. adj. prendmliid: a, 
pre&tderury, yl prtaidetidea. 
'BESS. B. Toaciueeie; to eruah; to 

pnasHig! past, prased: s. prat, 
praser,preaure: adi. pmaingtj. 
PRESS-BED. ). A bed, so ftirmed la 

tn be shut 


ImprBssion of print by Ihn 
_._H- pl.^iramm. 
PRESTO, adv. Gajlj; vrith qaick- 

post, presumed, 




PRESUMl'TUOUS. adj. Arrogant; 
confident; irreverent, adv. pre- 

PRESUPPOSC. V. To suppose pre- 
viously. pr.pdiT.presupposingf past, 
presupposed: s. presupposed^ pre- 

PRETENiy. V. To hold out; to make 
false appearances or representa- 
tions ; to claim, pr. par. pretend- 
ing; past, pretended: s. pretence^ 
pretension^ pretender: ^s. pretend- 
edly^ pretendingly. 

PRETERIT, adj. Past. 

ral; irregular. ^Av.pretematuraUy. 

PRETEXT, s. Pretence; false alle- 

PRETEX'TA. s. The robe that was 
ivorn by the Roman youths under 
seventeen years of age. 

PPcE'TOR. s. A Roman judge, adj. 
Pretoria!^ pretorian. 

PRETTY, ndj. Neat ; elegant; beau- 
tiful without grandeur, s. pretti- 
ness: hdv. prettily. 

PREVAIL'. V. To be in force; to 
nave etfect ; to overcome, pr. par. 
prevailing; p&si^ prevailed: a.preva- 
ence : adj. prevalent : adv. preva- 

PREVAR'ICATE. v. To evade by 
fome quibble; to cavil, pr. par 
J t evaricating ; past, prevaricated , 
s. prevarication^ prevaricator. 

PREVENT. V. To obstruct ; to hin 
der: to obviate, pr. \tdi\. prevent 
ing ; past, prevented: s. preven- 
tion^ preventive: adj. preventable^ 

PREVIOUS, adj. Antecedent; go 
inir before, adv. previously. 

n^EY. s. Something to be devoured 
or seized; plunder, v. prey; pr. 
par, preying; past, preyed: s.preyer 

PRICE, s. Equivalent paid; value.' 
V. price; pr. par. pricing; past, 

PRICK. V. To pierce with a small 
puncture ; to spur. pr. par. prick' 
ing; past, pricked: a.prick^ pricker. 


PRICKXE. s. A small, sharp point 
8. prickliness : Sidv. prickly. 

PRICK'LEBACK. s. A small fish. 

PRIDE, s. Inordinate self-esteem* 
dignity of manner ; generous ela- 
tion of heart, v. pride; pr. par. 
priding; past, prided: ad}, pride* 

PRIEST, s. One who officiates in 
sacred offices, fem. priestesSy pi 
priestesses: s. priesihoody priestli 
ness: adj. priestUke, priestly: b. 

PPJESTRIDDEN. adj. Managed oi 
governed by priests. 

PRIG. s. A pert, conceited little fel- 

PRIM. adj. Formal ; affectedly nice. 

PRI'M ARY. adj. First in order; chief; 
principal, adv. primarily. 

PRI'MATE. 8. The chief eccleaias- 
tic. B. primacy. 

PRIME, s. The first part of the day; 
the beginning ; the best part ; the 
height of perfection, ndy prime: 
s. prim£nessj primer : adv. primely. 

PRIME. V. To put powder into the 
pan of a gun ; to lay the ground on 
a canvas, to be painted, pr. par. 
priming ; past, pnmed. 

PRIMEVAL, adj. Original. 

PRIMITIVE, adj. Original; estab- 
lished from the beginning; ancient, 
s. primitive, primitiveness : adv. 

PRIMOGENITURE, s. Seniority; 
state of being first born. s. primo' 
genitor: adj. primogeneaL 

PRIMOR'DEAL. adj. Original. 

PRIM'ROSE. s. A flower that ap- 
pears early in the year. 

PRINCE, s. A sovereign ; a chief ru- 
ler; a king^s son. fem. princess^ 
I. princtsses: adj. and adv. /)nnc^- 
ly: 8. princeliness. 

PRIN'CIPAL. adj. Chief; of the first 
rate; important, s.principal: adv 

PRINCIPALITY, s. Sovcreiq;nt^ v 
the co\iTv\.r^ ^\vw3tv ^^^"^ Sjfi^^V* "^^ 



PRiN'CIPLR «. Element; conttita- 
em part ; motive. 

PRINT. V. To mark by pressing ; to 
form by impression, pr. par.ptrtnt- 
ingi past, printed: n.]trmt^ pritU- 
in^, printer. 

PRl'OH. euij. Former; antecedent, 
s. priority adv. priorly. 

PRl'OR. 5. The head of a convent 
of-monks. fem. />nore5«, ^\. prior- 
esses: B. priory f p\. priories. 

PRIS\L s. A kind of mathematical 
glass, adj. prismatic. 

PIUS'MOID. «..A bod^ approaching 
to the form of a prism. 

PRIS'ON. s. A jail. 9. prisoner. 

PRISTINE, adj. First; ancient. 

PRITH'EE A familiar corruption 
of " pray thee." 

PRIVACY, s. Secrecy; retirement, 
pi. privacies. 

PRI'V ATE. adj. Secret ; alone ; par- 
ticular ; not public ; sequestered. 
8. privaJltness : adv. privately. 

PRIVATEER, s. A private ship of 
war. V. privateer; pr. par. priva- 
teering; past, privatured. 

PRIVATIVE, adj. Causing priva- 
tion; negative, b. privation^ priv- 

PRIVILEGE, s. Peculiar advantage; 
immunity, v. privilege; pr. par. 
privileging; past, privileged. 

PRIVY, adj. JPrivate; secret; clan- 
destine. 8. privity: adv. privily. 

PRIZE, s: A reward gained ; plunder, 
s. prizefighter. 

PRIZE. V. To rate ; to value highly; 
to ixct upon, as a lever, pr. par. 
prizing; past, prized. 

VKO. For ; in defence of. 

PROBABLE, adj. Likely; capable 
of being proved, adv. probably: 
s. probability^ Tp\. probabilities. 

PROBATE. *. The proof of a will. 

PROBATION, s. Proof; trial; no- 
vitiate, adj. probationaly proba- 
aonary: s. probationer. 

PROBE, s. An instrument with 
which surgeons search the depth 
of wounds. V. probe; pr. par.pro6-i 
ing; past^ probed, \ 


PRORITY. «. Honesty, tinceritj. 

PROITLEM. s. A anestion proposed 
for solution, adj. prMematieal: 
adv. problematiaUly. 

PROBOS'CIS. s. A snout ; the trunk 
of an elephant, pi. probosees. 

PROCEEiy. V. To ^ forward; to 
tend to the end designed ; to issue ; 
to advance, pr. par. proceeding, 
past, proceeded: s. prooeecis, prO' 

PROCERITY. s. Tallness; height 
of stature. 

PROCESS, s. Progressive course; 
course of law ; methodical man- 
agement, pi. processes, 

PROCES'SION. s. A train, march- 
ing in solemnity, adj. procession- 

PROCLAIM*. V. To publish solemn- 
ly; to tell openly, pr. oar. pro- 
claiming; pRBtyprodeamea: a.proc- 
lamation^ jftroclaimer. 

PROCLIVITY. *. Tendency; natn- 
ral inclination; readiness, adj. 

PROCON'SUL. s. A Roman gover- 
nor, adj. proconsular: s. procon* 

PROCRASTINATE, v. To defer; 
to delay, pr. par. procrastinating; 
past, procrastinated: 9. procrasti' 
nation^ procrastinator. 

PRaCREATE. V. To generate; to 
produce, pr. par. procreating; 
past, procreated: s. procreation^ 
procreator: adj. procreative. 

PROCTOR, s. A manager of another 
man's affairs ; an attorney iu the 
spiritual court. 

PROCU'PvE. V. To manage; to ob- 
tain ; to pimp. pr. par. procuring. 
past, procured: s. procvration^ 
procurer, procuress^ p\. procuress 
M, procurator: adj. procurable. 

PROE/IGAL. adj. Profuse, wasteful, 
lavish, s. procligalf prodigality, pL 
prodigalities : adv. prodigally. 

PRODI'GIOUS. adj. Amazing- as 
tonishing; enormous, adv. p*^ 


PHUiyiGY. s. A preternatural thing; 
a monster, pl^rodigies, 

PRODU'CE. V. To offer to the view 
or notice ; to bring forth ; to cause, 
pr. par. producing; past, produced • 
u. produce^ producer : adj. produ- 

IRODUCT. s. Thing produced; 
work; effect, s. production: adj. 
productive : 9. productiveness. 

FROEM. s. Preface, introduction, 
adj. proemiaL 

PROFA'NE. adj. Not sacred ; irrev- 
erent; secular; polluted. \. pro- 
Jane; pr. par. profaning; past, 
profaned: s. profanation^ pro- 
fanerj profaneness^ profanity: adv. 

PnOFESS'. w. To declare openly; 
to follow as a profession, pr. par. 
professing; past, professed : s. pro- 
fession^ professor: adj. profession- 
al, professorial: adv. professedly, 

PROFFER. V. To propose; to offer 
to acceptance, pr. par. proffering; 
past, proffered: a. proffer, prof 

PROFJ'CIENT. 8. One who has made 
advancement in any study or bus- 
iness, s. profcience, proficiency, pi, 

PRaFlLE. s. Tne side face. 

PROFIT, s. Gain; pecuniary ad- 
vantage; accession of good. v. 
profit; pr. par. profiting; past, 
profited: adj. profitable: Sidv. prof- 
it ablf/. 

PROFLIGATE, adj. Wicked; aban- 
doned; shameless, s. profiigate, 
profligacy: Sidv. profligately. 

PROli'LUENT. adj. Flowing for- 
ward, s. prqfiuence. 

PROFOUiND'. adj. Deep; descend- 
ing far below the surface ; lowly. 
8. profound, profoundness: adv. 

PROFUN'DITY. s. Depth. 

PROFU'SE. adj. Lavish: prodiffal; 
exuberant, s. prqfusion, prq/use' 
ness : adv. profusely. 

PROGEJVITOR #. A forefiither. 


PROGENY. *. Offspring; race. pL 

PROGNOSTIC, adj. Foretokening . 
foreshowing, v. prognosticate; pr. 
par. prognosticating; past, prog* 
nosticated : s. prognostic, progmo' 
tication, prognosticator. 

PROG'RESS. s. Course, procession, 
advancement, v.progres^; 
progressing; past, progressed: m, 
progression: adj. progressional^ 
progressive: ^dv. progressively. 

PROHIBIT. V. To forbid; to inter- 
diet; to debar, pr. par. prohibit" 
ing ; past, prohibited : a. prohibit 
tion, prohibiter: adj. prohUnHve^ 

PROJECT. V. To throw forward-, 
to jut out; to contrive, pr. par. 
projecting; Yt^si, projected : b. pro- 
jection, prqjectmeni, projector : adj. 

PROLATE, adj. Extended beyond 
an exact round, s. prolation, 

PROLEPSIS. *. A form of rhetoric, 
in which objections are antici- 
pated ; an error in chronology, by 
which events are dated too early. 

PROLIFIC, adj. Fruitful; produc 
tive. 8. proltficness: adv. prolif 

PROLIX', adj. Lon^; tedious; not 
concise, adv. prolixly: a. prolixity, 

PROLOCUTOR, s. The speaker ot 
a convocation. 

iPRCXLOGUE. s. Preface; introduc- 

PROLONG'. V. To lengthen ; to con 
tinue. s. prolongation, proUmger, 

PROMENA'DE. s. A walk. v. prom' 
enade ;pr. p^r. promenading ; past, 

PROM'INENCE. s. A jutting out; 
protuberance, part. &dy prominenit 
adv. prominently. 

PROMIS'CUOUS. adj. Mingled; 
confused, s. promisctumsiuss: adv. 

PROM'ISE. s. Declaration of desijfii; 
hopes; expectation, v. promuc^ 
pr. ^w. promisiug; -^^^x^-^nrw^aa*^ 

I. pronoaer : ^diy ^""^""^^^JSiv 


PROMONTORY. Ji A beadUnd ; a| 
cape.^1. promontoriu, 

PROMOTE. V. To forward ; to ad- 
vance, pr. par. promoHngf paat, 
promoted: p. promoier, promotion: 
adj. promotive. 

PROMPT, adj. Quick; ready. ■. 
promptitude^ promptness : ad?. 

PROMPT, r. To assist by private in 
itruction ; to help when at a loss ; 
to incite, pr. pss.promptinf^; past, 
prompted: b. prompter, 

PROMULGATE, v. To publish; to 
make known by open declaration, 
pr. par. promulgating ; past, pro- 
mulgated: 8. prommgation^ pro- 

PRONE, adj. Bending downward; 
not erect ; lying with the face 
downwards; inclined. B.proneness: 
adv. pronely. 

PRONG, s. A fork ; a pitch-fork. 

PRONOM'INAL. adj. Having the 
nature of a pronoun. 

PRONOUN, s. A word used instead 
of a noun. 

PRONOUNCE'. V. To speak ; to ut- 
ter ; to declare, pr. par. /ronoi/nc- 
ing; past, pronounced: adj. jpro- 
nounceable: a. pronunciation^ pro- 

PROOF. *. Evidence; testimony; 
trial ; test. adj. proofs impenetra- 
ble, able to resist. 

PROP. V. To support, to sustain, 
pr. par. propping; past, propped: 
8. prop. 

PROPAGATE. V. To generate ; to 
increase ; to extend, pr. par. prop- 
agating; past, propagated: s. 
propagation^ propagator. 

inlOPEL'. V. To drive forward, pr. 
par. propelling ; pwt^ propelled: s. 

mOPEN'SITY. s. Moral inclination: 
natural tendency, pi. propensities. 

PROPER adj. Peculiar; not com- 
mon; natural; fit; suitable, adv. 
PROF'ERTY. A Peculiar qua\\v^-,» 


right of poaaeasion ; thing poaaesa* 
ed. phprmeriies. 

PROPH'ECY. «. A decburation of 
something to come; prediction, 
pi. prophedss. 

PROPH'ESY. V. To predict; to fore- 
tell, pr. par. prophesying; past, 
prophesiea: B,prophesier, 

PROPH'CT. s. One who predicU ; a 
foreteller, ttm. prophetess^ p\. pro* 
phUssses: w^^. prophetic^ propheH' 
ad: sAy.propheticaliy. 

PROPLYQUATE. v. To approach; 
to draw near. pr. pn.propinq%tat» 
ing; pMi, proptnguaied: 8.^»ropm- 

PROPFTIATE. V. To induce to fa- 
vour; to conciliate, pr. par. pro- 
pitiating; past, propittatul: s.jMno- 
pitiaiion^ propitiator : adj. />rc!pt7i- 
aiory^propitious: s-propitiousiuss: 
adv. propitiously. 

PROPORTION, s. Comparative re- 
lation of one thing to another ; ra 
tio; size. ▼. pr^fortion; pr. par. 
proportioning; paBt^ proportioned: 
adj. proportionable^ proportional ^ 
proportionate: adv. proportionably^ 
proportionally^ pr(^ortionaiely : a. 

PROPOSE. V. To offer to consider- 
ation, pr. par. proposing; past, 
proposed: s. proposal^ proposition^ 
proposer: adj. propostHonaL 

PROPOUND*. V. To offer to consid- 
eration ; to propose, pr. par. pro- 
pounding; past, propoiunded: s. 

PROPRI'ETARY. s. Possessor in his 
own riffht. pi. proprietaries. 

PROPRI'ETOR. s. One to whom 
propertv belongs ; owner. 

PROPRl'ETy. s. Fitness; accara- 
cv ; iustness. 

PROPUGN'. V. To defend ; to vindi- 
cate. «. propugner. 

PROPUL'SION. s. The act of pro- 

PROROGUE'. V. To protract ; to put 
off; to delay. pr.pAr.prorogtctit^, 


PROSCRI'BE. V. To censure capi- 
tally ; to doom to destruction, pr. 
par. proscribing; past,/>n>«crt6ed; 
8. proscription : adj. proscrtpHve. 

PROSE. 5. Language written or spo- 
ken in the usual way ; opposed to 
verse ; not restrained to harmonic 
sounds, didy prosaic. 

PROSE. V. To write prose ; to make 
a tedious relation, pr. yizt. prosing; 
past, prosed: a. proser. 

PROS'ECUTE. V. To pursue; to 
continue ; to sue at law. pr. par. 
prosecuting; past, prosecuted:^ a. 
prosecution, prosecutor. 

PROS'ELYTE. s. One brought over 
to any new opinion. B.proselyiism. 

PROS'ODY. * That part of gram- 
mar, which teaches the just sound 
and quantity of syllables, and the 
measure of verse. &d]. prosodiaccU^ 
prosodical: s. prosodian, prosodist. 

PROSOPOPCEflA. *. Personification. 

PROS'PECT. 5. View of something 
distant ; series of objects open to 
the eye. s. prospectton: didy pros- 
pective: adv. prospectively. 

PROSPECTUS. 5. Plan, generally 
of a proposed literary work. pi. 

PROS'PER. V. To make happy; to 
favour; to be successful, pr. par. 
prospering; past, prospered: adj. 
prosperous: s. prosperity: adv. 

PROSPI'CIENCE. 5. The act of look- 
ing forward, adj. prospictent. 

PROSTERNA'TlbN. s. Dejection; 

PROSTITUTE. V. To sell to wick- 
edness; to expose upon vile terms, 
pr. par. prostituting; past, prosti- 
tuted: 8. prostitute^ prostitution, 

PROSTRATE, adj. Lying at length; 
lyinj^at mercy, y. prostrate; pr.par. 
prostrating; past, prostrated: a. 

PROTECT. V. To defend ; to cover 
from evil. pr. phr. protecting ; past, 
protected: a. protection, protector .i 


fern, protectress, pi. proiectresset 
adj. protective. 

PROTECTORATE, s. Government 
by a protector. 

PROTEND', t). To hold out; to 
stretch forth, pr. p^r. protending 
past, protended. 

PROTER'VITY. s. Peevishness. 

PROTEST. V. To give a solem 
declaration of opinion or resolu 
tion ; to show ; to call as a wit 
ness ; to object, pr. par. protest 
ing; past, protested: a. pro' test 
protestation, protester. 

PROTESTANT, s. An adherent of 
those, who, at the beginning of tho 
Reformation, protested against the 
doctrines of the church of Rome. 
adj. protestant : a. protestantism. 

PROTHON'OTARY. s. The head 
register, pi. proihoTiotaries. 

PRaTOCOL. *. The original copy 
of a writing. 

PROTOMARTYR. *. The first mar- 

PRaTOTYPE. 8. The original of t 

PROTRACT. V. To draw out, to 
delay, pr. par. protracting; past, 
protracted-: a. protraction, protrac- 
ter, protractor: adj. protraciive. 
adv. protr actively. 

PROTRU'DE. V. to thrust forward, 
pr. psiT. protruding; past, protrud- 
ed: a. protrusion: adj. protrusive: 
adv. protrusively. 

PROTU'BERANCE. *. Something 
swelling above the rest; promi- 
nence, adj. protuberant. 

PROUD, adj. Too much pleased with 
one*8-self ; elated ; haughty, adv 
proudly: a. pride, 

PROA'^E. V. To evince ; to show by 
argument or testimony ; to try ; to 
experience, pr. par. proving; past, 
praised: ady provable, proveable, 

PROVE'DORE. *. One who under- 
takes to procure supplies or pro- 

PRO VENDE-B.. s.YkTi ^^^5^^<Kt «»sSisRw 


moral sentence, adj. ptooerbial: 
adv. proverbially, 

PROVJ'DE. V. To procure before- 
hand ; to get ready ; to supply, 
pr. p&T. providing ; past, /^lOVUMa: 
s. provulcr. 

PROVIDENCE. 5. Foresight; time- 
ly care; divine superintendence, 
adj. providentj prooidential : adv. 
providently^ providentially. 

PROVINCE. 5. A conquered coun- 
try > a district; the proper office 
or business of any one. adj. pro- 
vincial: a. provinciality f provincial- 

PROVISION. 8. The act of provid- 
ing; measures taken; stock col- 
lected; food. v.;>itwt«o»,*pr. par. 
provisioning ; past, provisioned : 
adj . provisional^ provisionary: ad v . 

PROVI'SO. 8. Stipulation ; caution. 
adi. provisory. 

PROVaKE. 0. To rouse; to excite 
by something offensive ; to anger ; 
to incite, pr. par. provoking ; past, 
vrovoked: s. provocation^ provoca- 
tive: adj. provocative: adv. pro- 

PROVOST. *. The chief of any cor- 
porate body; the executioner of 
an nrmy. pronounced pro-vcf. 

PROW. 8. The head or fore-part of 
a ship. 

PROWL, v. To rove over ; to wan- 
der for prey. pr. par. prowling ^ 
past, prowled: s. prmoUr, 

PROXIMATE, adj. Next; near and 
immediate, adv. proximately: a. 

PROX'Y. s. The agency or substitu- 
tion of another ; the person sub- 
stituted, pi. proxies. 

PRUDE. *. A woman over-nice and 
scrupulous, s. prudery: aHj. pru- 
dish: fiAy. prudishly. 

PRU'DENT. adj. Practically wise; 
provident : discreet, s. prudence: 
adj. prudential: a. prudentials: 
adv. prudenlly^ prudentially. 

PRUNE. V. To\op\ to divest of su 


pruned: a. pruner, prumnghock^ 
pruningkntfe^ p\. pruningmives, 

PRUNE. 8. A dried plum. adj. prvw 

of stuff. 

itching or great desire, adj. j»ru 

PRY. V, To peep narrowly; to in- 
spect curiously or impertinently, 
pr. par. pryir^; past, pried: a. 
prier: adv. pryingly. 

PSALM. 8. A holy song. adj. psalm- 
odies psalmodical: b. psalmist^ 
psaimodist, psalmody. 

PSALTER. *. A psalm-book; the 
volume of psalms. 

PSAL'TERY. *. A kind of harp. pi. 

PSEU'DO. adj. False, counterfeit, 

PSHAW, vni. An expression of con- 

PTOLEMA'IC. adj. Belonging to the 
system of Ptolemy. 

PU'BERTY. *. Sexual maturity, pi 
puberties: s. pubescence: adj. pu' 

PUB'LICAN. *. A toll-^therer; a 
man that keeps a public house. 

PUB'LIC. adj. Belonging to a stale 
or nation ; not private ; generally 
known, s. public^ publication^ pub- 
licity: adv. publicly: adj. pubho- 

PUB'LISH. V. To make public ; to 
sell, af\er being printed, pr. par 
publishing; p^aty published: a. pub 

PUCE. adj. Of a dark brown colout 

PU'CELAGE. 8. State of virginity. 

PUCK. s. A supposed sprite or fairy 

PUCK'ER. V. To gather into plaitt 
or folds, pr. p^nr. puckering ; past, 
puckered: a. jmcker. 

PUITDER. *. Noise, tumult. 

PUIXDING. *. A kind of food; tne 
^ut of an animal. 

PUITDLE. s. A small muddy laKej 
a <'irtv plash, v. puddle; pr. par. 

perffuitiea. pr. par. pruning ; paBl,\\ in^ddliag; \iiM.\ .^^luddled: ^dipuddf^ 


PUERILE, adj. Childish; boyish. 
8. puerilily^ pi. puerilities. 


PUFF. s. A small breath or blast of 
wind ; any thing light and porous ; 
something to sprinkle powder on 
the hair; an exaggerated statement 
or recommendation, v. pvff; pr. 
par. pujingf past, puffed: adj. 

PUFFIN. *. A water-fowl; a kind 
of fish ; a fungus filled with dust. 

PUG. s. A kind name of a monkey. 

PUGH. int. A word of contempt. 

PUGILISM. 5. The practice of box- 
ing, s. pugilist : adj. pugilistic. 

PUGNA'CIOUS. orfj. Quarrelsome; 

fighting, s. pugnacity. 
PU'ISNE. adj. Young; inferior; 

petty; inconsiderable, pu'ny. 

PUIS'SANT. adj. Powerful ; strong. 

8. puissance : adv. puissantly. 
PUKE. s. Vomit; medicine causing 

vomit, v.pukei pr. ^BX.pvkmg; 

past, puked. 

PUL'CHRITUDE. *. Beauty. 

PULE. V. To whine, to cry. pr. par. 
ouhng ; past, puled .- s. puling. 

PULL. V. To draw violently; to 
pluck; to tear. pr. par. pulling,- 
aast, pulled: s. pull^ puller, 

Pl^ULET. s. A young hen. 

PUL'LEY. *. A small wheel with a 
furrow on its outside, in which a 
rope runs. 

PUL'MONARY. adj. Belonging to 
the lungs. 

PULP. s. Any soft mass; the soft 
part of fruit, adj. pulpous^ P^py- 

PUL'PIT. *. A place raised on high, 
where a speciker stands. 

PULSE. ». Motion of the blood; 
vibration; leguminous plants, s. 
pulsation: ad], pulsatory. 

PUL'VERIZE. V. To reduce to pow- 
der, pr. p2iT. piilvertzing, ptLst^ pul- 
verized: 8 pulverization. 

PUM'ICE. s. A cinder of some fos- 
sil, formed bv fire. 

PUM'MEL. 8. See Pommel, 


PUMP. s. An engine by which watei 
is drawn up from wells; a shoe 
with a thin sole. v. pump ; pr. par, 
pumping; past^ pumped: b. pumper, 

of plant, and also its fruit. 

PUN. 5. An equivocation; a quibble; 
an expression in which a word han 
at once different meanings, y.pun, 
pr. par. punning; past, punned 
8. punster. 

PUNCH. V. To bore or perforate 
with a punch ; to push or strike 
with the. fist. pr. par. punching; 
past, punched : s. puncher. 

PUNCH. «. A kind of nointed in- 
strument; a blow, a drink made 
by mixing spirits with water, sugar, 
and lemon-juice ; the harlequin of 
a puppet-show. pi. punches. 

PUNCHEON. 8. A cask containing 
84 gallons. 

PUNCHINEL'LO. 8, A sort of buf- 

PUNCTIL'IO. *. A small nicety of 
behaviour, adj. punctilious: s 
punctiliousness : adv. punctiliously 

PUNCTUAL, adj. Exact, nice, in 
strict time. s. punctuaUst^ punctu- 
ality: adv. punctually. 

PUNCTUATE. V. To distinguish 
by pomting. pr. par. punctuating , 
past, punctuated : s. punctuation, 

PUNCTURE, s. A small prick; a 
hole made with a very sharp point, 
v. puncture ; pr. par. puncturing^ 
past, punctured. 

PUN'GENT. adj. Sharp on the 
tongue; acrid; piercing, s. pun- 
gency: adv. pungently. 

PUNISH. V. To chastise ; to afflici 
with penalty for a crime, pr. par. 
punishing; past, punished: adj. 
punishable: a. punisher^ punish 

PUNK. *. A common prostitute. 

PUNT. s. A flat-bottomed boat. 

PU'NY. etdj. Young; inferior; petty. 
8. puniness. 

PUP. V. To produce .vhelps. pr 
par. pupping; ^^-aAV^ YurgrptA-x % 


PtrPIL. t. The apple of . 

•cholar. t.ptgiilnge. 
PUCPET. I. A «miill im.<g 

PUi"i*¥. ' 


. whelp; 1 


flpopina- i.pui^gim. 
PUR. I. A gentle nuiae, mnde by a 
cat. v.jnir; pr. par. jntfTrnj'; pasl, 


PURCHASE. J. Any Ihing boughl 
or obtained for a pnce. v. pur- 
cAatCi pr. par. /mrcAanng-,' pail, 
urchaud; i, purchaxr. 
■URE. adj. Noi sullied ; uniningled; 
chaito. B. purtntit, purily; adt. 

PURGATION, i.The>etordeani- 
ing or purifying, adj. pur^g-ofiM; 

PIJimCTOBlf , s. A place in which 
louli are luppoied to be pureed 

PURGE, v. To cicunie i to purify, 
&c. pr. p»r. purgingi foai.ptire- 

PU'RIf'v. v. To make pure. pr. par. 

purifging/ p.-,sl,piirifii4i,,.piiri- 

/Kaliun, punJUn aij, purifiaibve, 

PUTUTAN. I. A leclir; protending 

to eminent pnrily of relislou. adf. 

purilanism: ^v. pwrilamcatty, 
PURL. D.Tom 

;o rise or appear 

in unoui.iuum. pr. par. pBr/my ; 

paattpurlcd: i.pvrt. 

PURLIEU. I. The grounda on the 

bordpTs of a forest; border; en- 

PURLOtN . V. To BluBl niiy ihing in- 
iruBlrd. pr. par. ptirtointngi pail, 
pvrioinea: b. pvriomer. 

PURPLE, adj. Red linetored with 
blue. V. pvrjJe; pr. pr, purpling; 
oast.yuijilta! s.pwiyle; adj. pur- 

|FUFC'I>CRT. 1. Duign, tendeocT, 

nii!aniTi;T. v.pu}}ioH,-pr. par.jHU^ 
pnrlmg,' pnit, Dkrvorltit. 

pCii'l-OSt:. 1. XiitroUon; demgn, 
tlie end deaired. t. furpo-.t! pi 
pnr. parpaiitg! paM, furpfedi 
adv. purpoxlt/. 

IpUBR. b. See Pm- 

IPURSe. a. A iinill hf in whicb 
money a kept- Bdi. jnrjrppou^ 

I'UBSE. D. Ta put mlo a purw; to 
eoniraci as a purse, pr. par. ptirt- 
trig! past. pi;j-JB<.- adj.intrijr. 

PUtt'SER. 1. Tlie paymutet of a 

tate. pr. par. purstttnf ,- p«st| pw 

tutd : <■ pursun id, pvrtutr, fia» 

suj/.'adj. pursuable, pumanL 
rUB'SUlVANT- 1. An atteudaut m 

a hfiold. 
PUH'ULEST. adj. Coniiiting of 

corrupt maili-r or poi. a. furm- 

Itnct, p^lfvfenty. 
PURVEY'. B. To provide with con 

veniencei i lo hiy proniiioni. pr. 

pnr. purvryhg ; past, furw^. 

0. pufTryanfTi purveyor. 
PUrViEW. a. InxiiOi proTidii^ 

PU.S. J. The molter of ■ »re. 

PUSH. n. Tt> 8lnkewitl>*thnut, 
to forco or drive byimpnlse; to 
preu foiwurd pr. par. puiUng', 
pist. puiAfd .- 1. ptuo, puther. 

PUSiLLAfCIMOUS. adj. Mtu- 
spirited; fOHnrdljr. i. pHli/£ai«te- 
rfiy.- adr. piaiUniumaiuty. 

PUSS. t. The fondling dbhw of t I 

PUSTUTX 9. A imnll nrelling; ■ 
le. 1. pvitaitlt! pr. pir. jm^ 
ng; past, pustulaliJ: ■. fmt- 
on: ti6]- pvitulotO' 
PUT. tF. To fny; lo plieei to pro- 
ihrnw olT the hind, ftc 
'lling: jiiM,fUt:M.fiilItr, 

PVJTB£;¥1. n.T4iDs!L«nlteD)tJ 


corrupt, ^r.p^r. p^utrefying; past, 
putrefied: s. putrefaction: adj. jnt- 

PUTRES'CENT. adj. Growing rot- 
ten, s putrescence: Sidy putrescible. 

PUTRID, adj. Rotten; corrupt, s. 

PUTTY. 8. A kind of cement, used 
by glaziers, v. putty ; pr. par. put- 
iyi^Si past, /^K^h'edl. 

PUZ'ZLE. V. To perplex; to em- 
barrass, pr. par. puzzling ; past, 
puzzled: s. puzzle^ puzzler, 

PYE. *. See Pik. 

PYE'BALD. adj. See Piebald. 

PYd'MY. *. A dwarf, pi. pygmies: 
adj. pygmy f pygmean. 

PYR'AMID. 8. A solid figure, the 


base of which is a polygon, and the 

sides plain triangles, adj./wraimcip 

€U^ pyramidicj pyramidical. 
PYRE. 8. A pile to be burned. 
PY'RITES. *. Firestone. 
PYR'OMANC Y. s. Divination by fire 
PYROM'ETER. *. An instrument 

to measure the heat of ovens, fur^ 

naces, and intense fires. 
PYROTECH'NICS. *. The art of 

making fire-works, adj. pyrottch 

PYR'RHONISM. *. Scepticism; uni 

versal doubt, s. pyrrhonist. 
PYTHAGO'REAN. *. A follower of 

Pythagoras, adj. pythagorean. 
PYX. 8. The box in which the Ro 

manists keep the host. 


QUACK. V. To cry like a duck. pr. 

par. quacking; past, quacked: a. 

quack, a boastful pretender: s. 

QUADRAGES'IMAL. adj. Lenten; 

belonging to Lent. 
QUAD'R ANGLE, s. A square; a 

figure with four right angles, adj. 


QUAD'R ANT. *. The fourth part; 
the quarter of a circle ; an instru- 
ment with which altitudes are 
taken, adj. quadrantoL 

QUA DH ATE. adj. Square; having 
four equal and parallel sides; di- 
vided into four equal parts, s. 
quadrate : r. quadrate ; pr. par. 
quadrating; past, quadrated. 

QUADRATIC, adj. Square ; belong- 
ing to a square. 

QUAiyRATURE. s. The act of 
squaring; the first and last quar- 
ter of the moon ; state of being 

QUADREN'NIAL. adj. Comprising 
four years ; happening once in four 


QUAiyRIBLE. adj. Capable of be- 
ing squared. 

QUADRILAT'ERAL. adj. Having 

I four sides. 

QUADRILLE'. 8. A game, or adancc. 
in which fourpersons are engaged! 

four parts ; divided into four partu. 

QUAiyRIREME. *. A galley with 
four banks of oars. 

QUADRUPED. *. An animal tha 
has four legs. 

QUAI^RUPLE. adj. Fourfold. 

QUADRUTLICATE. v. To double 
twice ; to make fourfold, pr. par 
quadruplicating; past, qvadruplf 
cated: s. quadruphcation : adv 

QU-E'RE, QUE'RE. s. A word used 
when any thing is questioned. pL 
quarieSf queries. 

QUAFF. V. To drink; to swallow 
in large drafts, pr. par. qttaffing. 

QUAIL. 8. A species ofhvt^^^^gfiCDA 



press, pr. par. 

QUAINT, adj. Nice; strange; un- 
usual ; affected, s. qttaifUness: adv. 

QUAKE. V, To shake with cold or 
fear ; to tremble, pr. par. quak- 
ing; past, quaked: s. quake^ quaker, 
quakerism: adv. quakerly. 

QUAL'IF Y. V. To furnish with qual- 
ifications; to Boflen; to modify, 
pr. par. qualifying; past, qualijied: 
adj. qunlijiable: s. qualijicaUon. 

QUALITY. *. Property; accidental 
adjunct; temper. p\' qualities. 

QUALM. 8. A sudden fit of sick- 
ness, adj. qualmish. 

QUANDA*RY. *. A doubt, a diffi- 
cuity, an uncertainty : a low word, 
pi. quandaries. 

QUAN'TITY. *. That property in 
auy thing which may be increased 
or diminished ; any indeterminate 
weight or measure, oi. quantities. 

QUAR' ANTING, s. The space of 
forty days. v. qiiarantine; pr.par. 
quarantining; past, quarantined. 

QU AR'REL. s. A breach of concord ; 
a brawl ; a petty fight, v. quarrel; 
pr. par. quarreling; past, quar- 
reled: s. quarreller: adj. quarrel- 
some: 8. quarrelsomeness 

QUAR'RY. *. Game flown at hj a 
hawk ; a stone mine. pi. qtMrrtes: 
V. quarry; pr. par. quarrying; 
past, quarried. 

QUART, s. The fourth part of a gal- 
lon ; a sequence of four cards, at 
the game of piquet. 

QUAR'TAN. a. The fourth day ague. 

QUARTAT10N.5. A kindof chym- 
ical operation. 

QUAR TER *. A fourth part ; a re- 
gion of the skies, as referred to 
the seaman^s card ; a particular 
region of a town or country; (pi. 
quarters,) the place where soldiers 
are lodged ; proper station; mercy 
shown by an enemy; a measure 
of eight bushels, v. quarter; pr. 
par. guartfring; past, quartered : 
ndj. And adv. quarterly. 

quailing; pa8t,|*QUAR'TERDECK. s. The short up 

Dcr deck 

regulates the quarters of soldiers 
QUAR'TERSTAFF. s. A staff oi 

defence, pi. quartersiaves, 
QUAR'TILE. a. An aspect of tlie 

planets, when they are three signs, 

or ninety degrees, distant irora 

each other. 
QUARTO. 8. A book, in which every 

leaf, being twice doubled, makeh 

four leaves, pi. quartoes. 
QUARTZ. 8. A kind of stone. 
QUASH. V. To crush; to subdue 

suddenly; to annul, pr. par. quash- 
ing ; past, quashed. 
QUAS'SIA. 8. A kind of medicinal 

QU ATERCOUSINS. s. Those with 

in the first four degrees of kindred 

pronounced ka'-ter-cousins. 

QUATER'NITY. *. The number 

QUATHAIN. 8. A stanxa of ft ui 

lines, rhyming alternately. 
QUAVER V. To shake the voice, • 

to produce a shake on a musicui 

instrument, pr. par. quavering t 

past, quavered. 
QUAVER. 8. A shake: a musical 

note, equal in time to half a 

QUAY. 8. An artificial bank to the 

sea, or to a river, on which goods 

are unladen ; a wharf, pronounced 

QULA'SY. adj. Sick with nausea; 

fastidious, s. queasiness. 
QUEEN. 5. The wife of a king : 9 

woman who is sovereign of a ung 
' dom. adv. queenly. . 
QUEER adj. Odd, strange, adv 

queerly: s. queemess. 
QUELL. V. To crush, to subdue, pr 

par. quelling; past, quelled: a 

QUENCH. V. To extinguish fire; to 

allay, pr. par. quenching; past, 

quenched: adj. quenchnble: s 

rencher ' ^d\. quenchless. 


l^UE'RENT. 8. TSe complamaiti ; 
the plaintift'; an enquirer. 

QUERlMaNIOUS. adj. Querulous, 
complaining, adv. querimoniously: 
8. querimonioiLsness. 

QUE'RIST. 5. An enquirer. 

QUEIRN. s. Ahandmill, for grinding 

QUERULOUS, adj. Mourning; 
whining; habitually complaining, 
adv. querulously: s. querulousness. 

QUE'RV. 5. See Qujerv. 

QUEST. *. Search; act of seeking. 

QUESTION, s. interrogatory; any 
thing inquired; inquiry; disquisi- 
tion. pr.par. qtiestioning; past, 
questioned: aidyqttesiionable: adv. 
questionably: s. questioner. 

QUES'TOR. *. A Roman public treas- 

QUIB'BLE. 8. A slight cavil ; a sort 
of pun. pr. par. quibbling; past, 
q^iibbled: s. quibbler. 

QUICK, cui;. Living; not dead; swift; 
ready, adv. quickly: s. qtackness^ 
adj. quickeyed, quicksceniedy quick- 
sighted^ quickuntied : s. quickUmty 

QUICK'EN. V. To make alive; to 
hasten, pr. par. quickening; past, 
quickened: s. quickener* 

QUICK'SET. 8. A living plant, set 
to grow. 

QUICK'SILVER 8. A fluid metal, 
called mercury, by chymists. adj 

QUlIKDiTY. 8. A trifling nicety; a 
cavil, pi. qyiddiiies. 

QUIES'CENCE. s. Rest, repose, adj. 

QUI'ET. adj. Still; free from dis- 
turbance ; peaceable, adv. quietly: 
s. quiety quietness, quietude. 

QUIETUS. 8. Final discharge; com- 
plete acquittance. 

QUILL. 8. The strong feather of a 
wing, &,c. 

QUILL. V. To plait; to form in 
plaits or folds, like quills, pr. par. 
q^iiUing; past, quiUed. 

QUlLT. 8. The covering of abed. 


V. miili; pr. par. quilting; pafl, 

QUrNARY. adj. ConsisUn^of five. 

QUINCEl. s. A species of Iruit. 

QUIN'CUNX. 8. A plantation of 
trees, disposed originally in 
squares, consisting of Ave trees, 
one at each corner, and a fiflh in 
the middle, adj. quincuncial. 

QUlNQUAGES'iMA. «. Quinqua 
gesima Sunday; Shrove Sunday. 

QUINQUANG'ULAR. adj. Havuig 
five corners. 

QUINQUEN'NIAL. adj. Usting five 
yen rs; happeningoncQ in five years. 

QUIN'SY. s. A tumid inflammation 
in the throat. 

QUINTAL. 8. A hundred weight. 

QUINTES'SENCE. s. A fiflh being: 
an extract from any thing, con- 
taining all its virtues, in a smt W 
quantity, adj. quintessenttoL 

QUINTUPLE, adj. Fivefold. 

QUIP. 8. A sharp jest ; a taunt. 

QUIRE. 8. A body of singers; a 
choir; the part of the churth 
where the service is chanted; a 
bundle of paper, consisting of 
twenty-four sheets. 

QUiR'ISTER. 8. A chorister. 

QUIRK. 8. A taunt, jest, subtility. 

QUIT. 0. To discbarge an obligu- 
tion ; to clear oneVself of an af- 
fair; to repay; to requite; to w- 
quit; to resign; to depart from. 
V. quit; pr. par. quitting; patt, 
qyitied: s. quittance, 

QUIVER. 8. A case for arrows, adj 

QUIVER. 9. To quake; to shiver 
pr. par. quivering; past, qwve9'ed 

QUIX'OTISM. ». Romantic or ab- 
surd notions or actions. 

QUOIT. 8. A kind of discus, tn 
throw at a mark. 

QUORUM. 8. A bench of justices, 
such, a number of any officers as 
is snfl^cient to do business. 

QUO'TA. 8. Share; proportion nt- 
siffned to each. 

QUOTE. V, To cite %xi ^\sN.V«st\VBk 
I adduce \\vft VI ot^% ci!l *,'Wi'C«i«t- \ 


pn. quoting; past, q%u>ted: s. jvo-jQUOTIDlEN. adj. Daily; happen- 
UUion. quoter, ing every day. 

^.Ty^Tiu ^ ,r F » i^ QUOTIENT, s. The number pro 

QUOTH. I. Qtioihl, say I, or -aid ^^^^^ by dividing two given num. 
l, quoth Iu,aajB he, or waid he. J bers, the one by the otW. 




RABA'TE. V. To recover a hawk to shining; brightly sparkling, adv. 

8. radiance. 

the hand. pr. par. rabaiingf past, 

RABBET. V. To pare pieces of 
wood so as to fit each other, pr. 
par. rabbeting; past, rabbeted: s. 

RAB'BI, RAB'BTN. s. A Jewish doc- 
tor. adj. rabbinieaL 

RAB'BIT. 8. A species of furry 

RABBLE, s. An assemblage of low 

RAB'ID. adj. Fierce, furious, mad. 
8. rabidness, 

RACE. s. A family, ascending or 
descending ; a generation ; a par- 
ticular breed; a water-course; race 
ginger^ ginger in the root; con 
test in running; course, y.race; 
pr. par. racing ; past, raced: s. 

RACK. 8. An engine of torture; tor- 
ture; a neck of mutton; a grate; 
a wooden grate, in which nay is 
placed, for cattle ; arrack. 

RACK. V. To torment by the rack \ 
to torment; to draw from the lees, 
or. par. racking; past, racked. 

H iCI^ET. 8. An irregular clattering 
noise ; an instrument to strike a 
ball. V. racket; pr. par. racketing; 
past, racketed • adj. rackety. 

RACK'RENT 8. Annual rent, raised 
to the uttermost. 

RACOON'. 8. A species of small 

HA'CY. adj. Strong, flavorous; tast- 
ing of the soil. s. racineis, 
RAVI ANT. adj. Emitting tay«-, 

radiantly : 
RA'DIATE. V. To emit rays; to 
shine, pr. par. raduUing; past, rod' 
iated: s. radiation. 

RAEKICAL. adj. Affecting the root; 
primitive; implanted by nature, 
s. radicaUty: iuiv. radically. 

RACKICATE. V. To take root; U. 
plant firmly and deeply, s. radita- 

RAD'ICLE. 8. That part of the seed 
of a plant, which, upon its vege- 
tation, becomes its root. 

RAEKISH. 8. A species of esculi at 
root. pi. radishes. 

RA'DIUS. *. The serai-diameter o! 

a circle. Latin pi. radti. 
RAF'FLE. *. A species of lottery 

V. raffle; pr. par. rajffling; past, 

raffled: s. raffller. 

RAFT. 8. A tloat of timber, v. raft, 

pr. par. rafting; past, rafted. 
RAFTER. *. The secondary lim- 

hers of a house, adj. raftered. 
RAG. 5. A piece of cloth, torn from 

the rest ; a tatter, adj. ragged: s. 

RAG'AMUFFIN. *. A paltry, mean 

RAGE. 8. Violent anger ; fury ; en 

thusiasm ; newest fashion, v. rage, 

pr. par. raging; past, raged: adv. 

RAG'MAN. 8. One who deals in lags 

pi. ragmen. 
RAGOlf T. 8. Meat stewed and 

ly seasoned, pronounced ra-goo'. 
RAIL. 8. A cross beam, fixed at the 
; ends, in two upright posts ; a kiud 


o** bird. V, rail; pr. par. railing; 
DLst, railed. 

RAIL. V. To use insolent and re- 
proachful language, pr. par. rail- 
ing; past, railed: a. railer^ rail- 
lery, pi. railleries. 

RAl'MENT. *. Vesture, garment, 

RAIN. V. To fall in drops, from the 
clouds, pr. par. raining; past, 
rained: s. rain. adj. rainy: a. 

RAIN'DEER. 8. A large northern 

RAISE. V. To lift, to elevate, pr. 
par. raising; past, raised. 

RAI'SIN. s. The fruit of the vine 
dried, pronounced ras^n. 

RVJAHL. s. A Hindoo prince. 

RAKE. 5. An agricultural instru- 
ment, with teeth ; a man addicted 
to pleasure, pr. par. raking; past, 
raked: s. raker: adj. rakish: adv. 

RAL'LY. V. To put disordered or 
dispersed forces into order; to 
treat with satirical merriment, pr. 
par. rallying ; past, rallied. 

RAM. 3. A male sheep ; Aries, the 
vernal sign; an instrument for 
battering walls, adj. rammish^ 
strong scented. 

RAM. V. To drive by violence; to 
stuff hard. pr. par. ramming; past, 
rammed: a. rammer. 

RAM'BLE. V. To rove loosely and 
irregularly; to wanner, pr. par. 
rambling; past, rambled: a. ram- 
ble^ rambler. 

RAM'IFY. t>. To separate into 
branches, pr. par. rarni/ying; past, 
ramified: a. ramification. 

RAM'bUS. adj. Branchy. 

RAM'PANT. adj. Exuberant; over- 
growing restraint. In heraldry, 
reared up, as if ready to combat 
an enemv. s. rampancy. 

RAM'PART. s. The platform of the 
wall behind the parapet. 

RAN'CID. adj. Ill scented, a. ran- 
ndness^ randdiiy. 

R \N'COROi;S. adj. Malignant : ma- 


licious in the highest degree. ». 
rancour: adv. rancorously. 

RAN'DOM. *. Want of direction, 
want of rule or method ; chance 
adi. random. 

RANG. Pret. of the v. to ring, 

RANGE. V. To place in order ; tc 
put in ranks ; to rove : to lie in 
a particular direction, pr. par. 
ranging; past, ranged: a. range, 

RANK. adj. High growing; luxu- 
riant ; strong scented ; gross, s. 

RANK. 5. A class; an order; di^ 
nity ; a line of men placed abreast 
pr. par. ranking; past, ranked. 

RANKLE. 9. To fester ; to be in 
flamed in body or mind. pr. par 
rankling; past, rankled. 

RANSACK. V. To pillage ; to search 
narrowly, pr. par ransacking 
past, ransacked. 

RAN'SOM. 5. Price paid for liberty 
V. ransom ; pr. par. ransoming 
past, ransomed: a. ransomer 

RANT. V. To rave in violent o» 
high-sounding language, without 
proportionable dignity of thought, 
pr. par. ranting; past, ranted: 6. 
ranter, rant. 

RANUN'CULUS. *. A kindofgarw 
den plant, pi. ranunculuses. 

RAP. s. A quick, smart blow; coun- 
terfeit com. pr. par. rapping; past, 

RAPA'CIOUS. adj. Addiciod to plun- 
der; seizing by violence, adv. ra> 
paciously: a. rapacity. 

RAPEL s. Act of taking away ; vio- 
lent defloration of chastity ; a kind 
of plant. 

RAFID. adj. Quick, swift, s. mpid» 
ity : adv. rapidly : a. rapids, a part 
of a river where the water is rapid 
over a moderate descent. 

RA'PIER. s. A kind of sword, used 
onlv in thrusting. 

RAPINE, s. Actofplunderw5^ 
.RAPAKES:. s. k vi'^^\\\^ ''^aw*^ 
.1 deier. ^^ 

HaPTOBE. I Emuc)-! : 

RAtULoil;. Scaice; nnconunoa; no 
frequent; iHni nw. r rartnta 
rorrij, pi. rortJiu-- "di. rare/y, 

RAHEESHOW. «. A riiow oirriei 
in a boi. 

RAREFY. •. To n»k« ihini con 
irary to condeTot, pr-par. ran 
fymg: put,rmjiid: t. rartfat 
ban : idj. ntTcfialjU. 

RAS<:AL. ,. A mfsn rellow; i 

RASH. srfT- HjhIy violenl; Mtinp 
withoat cDution or refleciiuii. sdi. 

RASH. t. AnEiupLiDiidnttiebodT. 
RASH'ER. (. A tliln illaeorbacon. 
BASF. V. To rub to powder, with a 

lety rough Ele. pT. -pit. ratpmg; 

paM, niiHd.. ■■ rasf, riufKr. 
RASPBERRY, i. A kiod of fruit. 


E.ji, AMof»cr«pingor 

mark in writing, whem 
ling hii be«n acrapcd 

aATAFl'A,RATlFrA. t. A kind of 

RVTAW. fc Anlndisniane. 
R^TE. I. Filed price; settled bI- 

Juwnnce ; degree. T. rate; pr. par. 

ralmg; pgit, rotel; ulj. raioWs.- 

Illivi nUably. 
RATE 0. To chide, pr.par.radng'; 

panlj raUd- 
RATH. «. A mound. 
BATHER, adv. Mora t.illingli'; 

ulth heller liking with belter 

RATIFV. I To confirm, pr. par. 
ro^inf, pit»,ratifitt: *■ nxliji- 

RATia >. The rchlionwhirh one 
Ihinit hM tn arnlhcr of Ihe inme 
Unit, in rcappdt to innBintudo or 
(jimntitf; rula nf proportion. 
RATlOVm^y^ t. To Teoson, lo 
myiiR. pr. pax. rod'nrfnoiing; ]^it. 

RATIOS. J. A ee 

thare orpruui'iona* 

of reasoning; agreeable to reuont 

mdieioui. a. ralioaUila! idv. >» 

RATS'BA.\E. J. Poiaon for ratoi 

1 bodiei not .ery 
J. nUUingi put, 


RATTLESNAKE, f A kind ofMr 

rIiVCITY. 1. Hoaneneu. 

RAVAGE.i-Tolavva.te toplu« 
der. pr. par. rsuaging put, ror 
agtd; a. rot'ogr, rAW j^T' 
AVE. V. To bs dclirioui; to Ult 
irralioiinlly ; to be unroMonablT 
food. pr. pnr. roEiiif ,- put, nmaf 

RAVEL, t. To enUngle. pi paf 
ravtline; past, ravtlea. 

RAVELIN. ». la forliliration^ I 
HorkconiiitiiigoftwoHices ' 


called a halT-mooa, bv aoldieri. 

LATEN. 1. Aapecioanrcro*. 

LA'VEN. 0. To obtain bT TioleBOe, 
tu devour with j;reat rapncit} t(i 
prey with npnElly. pr. par. niwH 
inc.- psil. miifmd.- adj. rmamtt- 
sdv. ra'jnuutfy.' >. mttunaiua. 

LAVriSE. 1. A deep hollow, naualll 
" ■ nyholloww" 

- .""rjjy by 1 

to dpiighl; to train^on. pr. ptt 
Tonuhing; paal, raoiihtdi fr ro^ 
ishir, raoiihmnil. 
RAW. nil;. ImmalurBt unripe; nrt 
Mlvcoakedt new bleak, culd; 
nnl'apun; not coiered with tin) 



RAZE. V. To efface; to extirpate; 
to overthrow, pi . par. razing; past, 
razed: s. razurt 

RA'ZOR. s. A knife used in shaving 
the beard. 

RE-ACCESS', s. Visit renewed. 

REACH. V. To touch with the hand 
extended ; to arrive at ; to stretch 
forth ; to extend to. pr. par. reach- 
ing; past, reached: s. reach. 

REACT*. V. To return the impulse 
or impression, pr. par. reading; 
past, reacted : s. reaction. 

READ. V. To peruse any thing writ- 
ten or printed, pr. par. reading; 
past, read: s. reader^ reading. 

READMIS'SION.s. Act of admitting 

READMIT. V. To admit again, pr. 
par. readmitting; past, readmitted: 
8. readmiitance. 

READ'Y. adj. Prompt; prepared; 
eager ; near ; easy ; expedite, adv. 
readily: s. readiness. 

REAL. adj. Relating to things, not 
persons ; not personal ; not ficti- 
tious; genuine; consisting of things 
immovable, as land. s. reality^ pi. 
realities^ realty: adv. really. 

RE'ALIZE. V. To bring into being 
or act ; to make real. pr. par. re- 
alizing; past, realized: s. realiza- 

REALM, s. A kingdom; a king's 

REAM. *. A bundle of paper, con- 
taining 20 quires. 

REAN'IM ATE. v. To revive ; to re- 
store to life. pr. par. reanimating; 
past, reanimated. 

REAP. V. To cut com; to obtain, 
pr. par. reaping; past, reaped: s. 
reaper^ reapinghook. 

REAPPEAR*. V. To appear again, 
pr. par. reappearing; past, reappear- 
ed: s. reappearance, 

REAPPLICATION. «. Act of apply- 
ing anew. 

REAR. 8. The hinder part ; the last 
in order. 

REAR adj. Raii^; half-roasted. 

HEAR V To rmae np : to move up- 


wards; to bring to maturity; t4 
breed, pr. par. rearing; past, rear 

REASCEND*. v. To climb again ; to 
mount again, pr. par. reascending^ 
past, reascended: s. reascension. 

REA'SON. s. The rational faculty; 
cause ; argument ; moderation, v 
reason; pr. par. ratsoning; past, 
reasoned: adj. reasonabU: s. rta 
sonableness: adv. reasonably: s. 

REASSEM'BLE. v. To collect anew 
pr. par. reassembling; past, reas- 

REASSERT*, v. To assert anew, 
pr. par. reasserting; past, reassert- 

REASSU'ME. V. To resume ; to take 
again, pr. par. reassuming, past, 

REBAPTI'ZE. V. To baptize again, 
pr. par. rebaptizing; past, rebap' 

REBA'TE. V. To blunt ; to beat to 
obtuseness. pr. par. rebating; past, 

REB'EL. s. One who opposes lawfu^ 
authority by violence, v. rebef, 
pr. par. rebelling; past, rebelled. 
s. rebellion: adj. rebellious: adv 

REBOUND'. V. To spring back ; to 
be reverberated, pr. par. rebound- 
i'ngi p^st, rebounded: s. rebound 

REBUFF'. 8. Quick and sudden re- 

REBUILD*. V. To build anew. pr. par. 
rebuilding; past, rebuilt. 

REBU'KE. V. To chide; to repre 
hend. pr. par. rebuking; past, re 
buked: s. rebuke^ rebuker. 

RE'BUS. *. A word or name repre- 
sented by things ; a sort of riddle, 
pi. rebuses. 

REBUT*. V. To retire back ; to re 
turn an answer to a rejoinder, pr 
par. rebutting; past, rebutted: s 

RECALL*.*. To callbwiViA^^'^^^^ 
pr. par. recdUiug; ^^»x% T*t»»«A 
•.recaU. ^^ 



REC A N7 * . V. To retract ; to recall ; {] and less musical than song ; chant 

to contradict what one has said or 
done. pr. par. recanting; past, re* 
canted: s. recantation^ recanter. 

RECAPITULATE, v. To repeat the 
sum of a former discourse, pr. par. 
recapitulating; past, recapitulated: 
8. recapitulation* adj. recapitukUo- 

RECAPTURE. V. To retake a pri«e. 
pr. par. recapturing ; past, recap- 
tured: s. recapture. 

RECAST*. V. To throw again ; to 
cast anew. pr. par. recasting; past, 

RECE'DE. V. To fall back; tore- 
treat ; to desist, pr. par. reeding; 
past, receded. 

RECEIPT. 8. Act of receiving; 
a written acknowledgment of 
something paid or received ; pre- 

RECEl'VE. V. To take or obtain ; 
to embrace intellectually; to ad- 
mit; to entertain as a guest, pr. 
par. receiving; past, received: s. 

RECENT, adj. New, late, fresh, s. 
recentness: &6v. recently. 

RECEPTACLE. *. A vessel or place 
into which any thing is received. 

RECEPTION. 8. Act of receiving ; 
state of being received, s. recep- 
tihility: adj. receptive. 

RECESS'. 5. Retirement; retreat; 
place of retirement ; remission or 
suspension, pi. recesses ; recession. 

RECHARGE', v. To accuse in re- 
turn ; to charge again, pr. par. re- 
charging; past, recharged. 

RE'CIPE^ 8. A prescription. 
RECIPIENT, s. A receiver ; that to 
which any thing is communicated. 

RECIPROCAL, adj. Acting in vi- 
cissitude ; alternate ; done by each 
to each ; mutually interchange- 
able, hdv. reciprocally : s. recip- 

A kind of tuneful pronunciation, 

adv. recitaiively. 

RECI'TE. V. To rehearse; to repeat . 

to enumerate, pr. par. reciting, 

past, recited: s. recito/, recitation. 

RECK'LESS. adj. Careless; heed 
less; untouched, s. recklessness. 

RECK'ON. V. To number ; to count; 
to esteem, pr.par. reckoning; pasty 
reckoned : s. reckoner ^ reckonmg, 

RECLAIM'. V. To reform ; to cor 
rect; to recall, pr. par. redaiming 
past, reclaimed: adj. reclaimabU 
8. reclamation. 

RECLl'NE. V. To lean back; to rest 
pr. par. reclining; past, recHned 
8. reclinaiion. 

REClLXySE. V. To close again, pr 
par. reclosing; past, rechtsed. 

RECLU'SE. *. One shut up ; a re- 
tired person, adj. recluse: s. r& 

RECOGNISE. V. To acknowledge; 
to recover and avow knowledge 
of; to review, pr. par. recognis- 
ing; past, recognisea: s. recogm 
sance, recognition: adj. recogniz 

RECOIL'. V. To rush or fall backj 
to slink, pr. par. recoiling; past, 
recoiled: s. recoil. 

RECOIN'. V. To coin over again 
pr. par. recoining; past, recoined: 
8. recoinage. 

RECOLLECT', v. To recover to 
memory; to recover reason or 
resolution ; to gather again, pr. 
par. recollecting; past, recoUecied: 
8. recollection. 

RECOMBI'JJE. V. To join again, pr 
par. recombimng; past, recombm' 
ed: s. recombination. 

RECOMMENCE', v. To begin anew, 
pr. par. recommsncing ; past, r^ 

RECOMMENiy. v. To praise to an- 
other; to make acceptable, pr. 
par. recommending; past, recom- 
mended: adj. recommendahle : s. r^ 
commendation^ reeomnender: adj. 

Vioremusical tlian common speech A\ recoTrwnMntwui.lwnj. 



RECOMMIT. V, To commit anew; 
to send back. pr. par. recommit- 
ting; past, recommitted. 

RECOMPENSE, v. To repay, to re- 
quite, pr. par. recompensing; past, 
recompensed: s. recompense. 

REC'0.\CILE. V. To restore to fa- 
vour ; to make consistent, pr. par. 
reconciling; past, reconciled: s. 
reconcilement, reconciUcUion: adj. 

RECOiN'DITE. adj. Hidden, pro- 
found, abstruse. 

RECONDUCT', v. To conduct back 
again, pr. par. reconducting; pasi;, 

RECONQUER. V. To conquer again, 
pr. par. reconquering; past, recon- 

RECONNOITRE, v. To examine; 
to view. pr. par. reconnoitring; 
past, recotmoitred. 

RECONSIDER v. To consider anew, 
pr. par. reconsidering; past, recon- 

RECONVEY'. V. To convey again; 
to reassign, pr. par. reconveying; 
past, reconveyed. 

RECORD'. V. To register; to cause 
to be remembered, pr. par. record- 
ing; past, recorded : s. rec'ord, re- 

RECOUNT. V. To relate in detail ; 
to tell distinctly, pr. par. recount- 
ing; past, recounted. 

RECOURSE'. *. Frequent passage ; 
rettirn ; recurrence, &c. 

RECOVER. V. To restore from sick- 
ness or disorder; to grow well 
from a disease ; to regain, pr. par. 
recovering; past, recovered: adj. I 
recoverable: s. recovery. 

RE'CREANT. adj. Subdued; false; 

RECREA'TE. v. To refresh after 
toil ; to amuse, pr. par. recreating; 
past, recreated: s. recreation: adv. 

RE'CREMENT. *. Dross; superflu- 
ous or useless parts, adj. recre- 
tnentalt recrementUious. 


RECRIM'INATE. v. To return one 

accusation with another, pr. par 

recriminating; past, recriminated 

8. recriminatunif recriminator: adj 

RECRUIT. V. To repair with new 

supplies, pr. par. recruiting; past, 

recruited: s. recruit. 
RECTANGLE. *. A figure having 

four sides, of which the opposite 

sides are equal, and all its angles 

right angles, adj. rectangled, recV 

RECTIFY. V. To make right ; to re 

form ; to improve by repeated dis 

tillation. pr. par. rectifying; past, 

rectified: adj. recUfiable: s. rectiji 

cation^ rectifier. 
RECTILIN'EAR. adj. Consisting oi 

RECTITUDE. *. Straightness; just 

ness; uprightness. 
RECTOR, s. A ruler ; a governor ; 

a parson of an unappropriated par- 
ish, adj. rectorial: s. rectory^ pi. 

RECUSATION. *. Act of lying and 


s. Act of reposing, or resting in 

RECUR'. V. To come back to th* 

thought ; to have recourse to. pr. 

par. recurring; past, recurred: a. 

recurrence: adj. recurrent. 
RECURSION. 8. Return. 
RECUR'VATE. v. To bend back. 

pr. par. recurvating; past, recur- 

vaied: s. recurvation^ recurvity 

adj. recurvous. 
RECU'SANT. adj. Refusing to con 

form. s. recusant, recusancy. 
RED. adj. Of the colour of blood, s. 

red, redness: v. redden; pr. par. 

reddening; past, reddened: adj. 

reddish: s. reddiskness. 
REITBREAST. s. A kind of bird. 
REI^DLE. s. A sort of red minora. 

REDEEM'. V. To ransom ; to relieve 

from forfeiture ot c"5k.'^\.>N''&."^^ >a>H 


tng; past, redeemed: adj. redeemo' 
able: s. redeemer. 

REDEMPTION. ». Act of redeem- 
ing; state of beinff redeemed, adj. 
reaemptory: s. redempiumer^ a for- 
eigner who pays his passase to the 
United States by service for a cer- 
tain time. 

REiyHOT. adj. Heated to redness. 

REDINTEGRATE, v. To restore; 
to make new. pr. par. redinUgrat- 
ingi past, redintegrated: s. redin- 

RE'DOLENT. adi. Of sweet scent, 
s. redolence, redolency. 

REDOUB'LE. v. To become twice 
as much ; to increase in a twofold 
decree, pr. par. redoubkl^;t' past, 

REDOUBT. 8. The outwork of a 

REDOUBTABLE, adj. Formidable; 
terrible to foes. 

REDOUND'. V. To be sent back, by 
reaction ; to conduce in the con- 
sequence, pr. par. redounding; 
past, redounded. 

REDRESS'. V. To set right; to amend; 
to remedy, pr. par. redressing; 
past, redressed: a. redress, redress- 
er: adj. redre5Stv«. 

REDSHANK. *. A kind of bird. 

REDU'CE. V. To bring back; to 
make less ; to degrade ; to impov- 
erish; to subdue, pr. par. reducing; 
past, reduced: adj. reducible. 

REDUCTION, s. Act of reducing ; 
state of being reduced, adj. reduc- 

REDUN'DANT. arf;. Superabundant, 
exuberant, s. redundance, redun- 
dancy: adv. redundantly. 

REDU'PLICATE.t>. To double, pr. 
par. reduplicating; past, redupli- 
cated • s. reduplication : adj. redu- 

REDWING. 8. A kind of bird. 

REED. 8. A species of small cane ; 
an instrument tnrough which the 
threads are drawn, in a loom. adj. 

REEF, /, A certain portion of sail, 


C6 ^racted by being tied op; i 
chain of rocks. V. ruf; pr. p9f 
reefing; past, reefed. 

REE%. 8. Smoke, steam, pr. p{| 
reeking; past, reeked: adj. reeJcy. 

REEL. 8, A turning frame, upol 
which yarn is wound; a kindol 
dance, pr. par. reeling; past, reeled 

REEL. V. To stagger, pr. par. reel 
mg"; past, reeled. 

RE-ELECT'. V. To elect again, pr. 
par. re-electing; pdiSt, re-decied: ■ 

RE-ENACT. V. To enact again, pr 
par. re-enacting; pasi, re-enacted t 
s. re-enactment. 

To strengthen with new assistance 
or support, pr. par. re-enforcing; 
past, re-er\forced : a. re-enforce 
menl, reinforcement. 

RE-ESTABLISH, v. To establish 
anew. pr. par. re-establishing; past, 
re-estahlished : s. re-esiablishmjenL 

RE-EXAM'INE. v.To examine anew, 
pr. par. re-examining; past, re-«j»- 
amined: s. re-examination. 

REFECTION, s. Refreshment, s 
refectory, a room of refreshment ; 
pi. refectories. 

REFER'. V. To dismiss for informa- 
tion or judgement ; to betake to, 
for decision ; to reduce to, as to 
the ultimate end. pr. par. refer' 
ring; past, referreu: adj. refera* 
ble, refendble : s. referee, reference, 

REFl'NE. V. To purify ; to polish ; 
to aflect nicety, pr. par. refining; 
past, refined : adv. refinedly : s. re- 
iinement, refiner. 

REFIT. V. To repair; to equip 
agnin. pr. par. refitting; past, r9 

REFLECT. V. To throw or bend 
back ; to consider attentively ; to 
throw reproach or censure; to 
bring reproach pr. par. rejlectiiig, 
past, reflected: adj. reflectent, re 
flective : s. reflection, reflector, 

RE'FLEX.od/Bent or directed back 
waids. adj. rejlexible: s. reflexibii 



REFLUKXT. adj. Floivi 
REFtMH. 1. Backward c 





REFRACT. II. To break the inlural 
course of ray». pr.pir, r^/rarfing; 
pBjt, rifmclid: t. rifnvUion: adj. 

REPRACTORV. ailj. Ob«inalB, 
rontumicioua. b. rtjiaclariiun. 

REFRAIN'. D. To hold book; lo 
forbear, m. pa. rijroining : past, 

BEFKAN-GIBtE. tif. Capoble of 
being rofracltd. 1. rt/raiWiWiiy. 

REFRESH'. D. To ncnm l to re- 
lieve afler piri, Ailiguc, or WADt; 

ed: adj, ngardj'al, rigaritcia: nit. 

rtgariJvUfft regnrtUtasiff. 
RE-tiEiNT. adj. Ciuverning ; BiErcw> 

Ing vicarious ulliorily. i. r^«t, 

MpiWJ, p|. ffgfneiu. 

RCy:icidI. I. A murderer of hit 
■■ ji the murder of ode', king 
. Ttgieidal. 
[MEN. 1. That cure in diet and 

RE'GEMEHT. J. A body ofmldter*, 
comniandedbvBcolnnel. (Uj. rr^ 
nunCal; g. nginlenlali, the uni- 

Jriihrr, TtA-uhm 


par. njfnglrnlingi pml, rifrige- 

rattd: idj- Ttfrigcrml.- 1. nfnge- 

RETUfiE. s. Shelter from dinEei 

or dirtroHi. §. n/Hga. 
EEFUL'GENT. adj. firigtit, .biiiinK 

miendid. b- rtyWfftnn: adv. «■ 

REFUNDS 'b. To pour bnek ; to re^ 
pay. pr. por. r^uniingi past, rt 

HfcFlTSEi o. To deny whi 

cited o 

Ired; U 


rfJitMOg; paiL^ reused. 

'fumt. TffMm. 
REFUTE, v. To prote ftdse or erro- 

neoua. pr. par. r{/'w/irtg-; past, rt- 

futii: ndj. Mfutobfe; >. iVtilndon. 
RfcGAIN'. B. To recover, lo gam 

anoiT. or. por. regiUning; part, 

(iiaiAl,P.H. rorefreahilogntirV. 
pr.par. rf^nliBif.- pail.rtffateJ.' a. 

REiJAL'IA. f. EniiffM of rojaltj. 

.E'GIOiV. ). Tract of load; cnuulrji 

.E'GISTER. 1. An account of any 

thing, regularly kept; the officer 

who registers, &c. ». TigisUr,- pr. 

par. rtgisttring; paat, regiitartdi 

■a, re^;iiiryy rcffistration. 
fieaiSTRAR. I. ThB ofBcer »ha 

rnOtd.- a. r „ .. 

REGRESS'. 1. l-uaaRfl back. t. n- 

grew/ pr. par. ngnssing; poal, 

rfrrtfsfd: t. Ttertision. 

REUREl*. t. Veialion al •nmclhiug 

■grrt; pr- 


lent with tBemodapreie rib- 

ed; governed hvttrici reftulatioing 
orde r ly , a. rtgnlar, rigvlnrity: id » , 

REG'ITLATE. r. To adjuit bj ml* 
or method ; to djrert, pr. par. t*^ 
ti/nfmg; ^a»^, TtgttV&ltAi *-t*^ 
lalUm, rtgulalor- .^^^ 


REG UR GIT ATE. v. To throw back: 
to pout fKick. pr. par. regurgitat- 
ing; papt, regurgitated: 8. regur- 

REHEAR'. 0. To hear again, pr. par. 
rehearing; past, reheard: s. re- 

REHEARSE', v. To repeat; tore- 
cite ; to recite previously to exhi- 
bition, pr. par. rehearsing; past, 
rehearsed : s. rehearsal, 

REIGN. V. To enjoy or exercise 
sovereign authority ; to be pre- 
dominant, pr. par. reigning; past, 
reigned: s. reign. 

REIMBOD'Y. V. To embody again, 
pr. par. reimbodying; past, reim- 

REIMBURSE', v. To repay; to re- 

{>air loss or expense by an equiva- 
ent. pr. par. reimbursing; past, 
reimbursed: a reimbursement. 

REIN. s. The part of the bridle 
which is held in the driver's hand, 
pr. par. reining; past, reined. 

REINS, s. The kidneys; the lower 
part of the back. 

REINSERT*. V. To insert a second 
time. pr. par. reinserting; past, 
reinserted: s. reinsertion, 

REINSPI'RE. V. To inspire anew, 
pr. par. reimpirir^; past, rein- 

REINSTAL'. V. To seat again ; to 
put again in possession, pr. par. 
reinstalling; past, reinstalled. 

REINS TA'TE. v. To put into the 
same state or condition as before. 
'»!. par. reinstating; past, reinstat- 

REINTEGRATE, v. To renew with 
regard to any state or quality ; to 
repair; to restore, pr. par. rein- 
tegrating; past, reintegrated: s. 

REINVEST*. V. To invest anew. pr. 
par. reinvesting; past, reinvested. 

REITERATE, v. To repeat again 
and again, pr par. reiterating; 

■ past, reiterated: s. reiteration. 

REJECT, e. To dismiss without 

compUance ; to cast off; lo lefuwA m\\.\^^X\oti. 


to throw aside, pr. par. rejecting, 
past, rejected : s. rejection. 

REJOrCE. V. To be glad; to exult 
to exhilarate ; to gladden, pr. par. 
rejoicing; past, rejoiced: s. rejoicen 
adv. rejoicingly, 

RfUOIN'. V. To join again ; to meet 
again; to answer to an answ<!r. 
pr. par. rejoining; past, rejoined, 
8. rejoiner. 

REJUDGE'. V. To re-examine; to 
review, pr. par. rejudging; past, 

being young again. 

RELA PSE*. V. To slide or fall back , 
to fall back from a state of re- 
covery to sickness, pr. par. relaps- 
ing; past, relapsed: s. relapse. 

RELA'TE. V. To tell ; to recite ; to 
ally by kindred ; to have relation 
to. pr. par. relating; past, related: 
8. relater, relation. 

REL'ATIVE. adj. Having relation ; 
considered not absolutely, but as 
belonging to, or respecting some- 
thing else. 8. relative: adv. rela^ 

RELAX'. V. To slacken ; to remit , 
to make less secure or rigorous; 
to case. pr. par- relaxing; past, 
relaxed: s. relaratton^ relaxativt. 

RELAY', s. Dogs held in reserve, 
horses on the road, to relieve 
others, on a journey. 

RELEA'SE. V. To set ?TQe\ to fre« 
from obligation or penalty, pr. par. 
releasing; past, released: s. release, 

RELENT'. V. To soften; to grow 
tender ; to feel compassion, pr. 
par. relenting; past, relented: adj. 

REL'EVANT. udj. Relieving; rf 
fording something to the purposej 
hnving relation to. s. relevancy. 

REL'IC. s. That which is left, aftet 
thelossor decay of the rest; some- 
thing held in superstitious Fene- 

REL'ICT. s. A widow. 

RELIEF', s. Aid, help, alleviation. 



RELIE'VR y. To afford relief, pr. 
par. relieving; past, relieved: adj. 
relievabU: b. reliever. 

RELIEVO, s. The prominence of a 
figure or picture. 

RELl'GION. 5. Reverence of a Su- 
preme Being; a particular system 
of divine faith and worship, adj. 
reUgiovs: adv. reli^ously: s. reli- 

RELINQUISH, v. To forsake; to 
abandon; to leave; to quit. pr. 
par. relinquishing; past, reZtn- 
quished: s. relinquishment. 

REL'ISH. 5. Taste; effect on the 
palate; liking; delight, v. relish; 
pr. par. relishing; past, relished: 
adj. relisfuible, 

RELU'CExNT. adj. Shining; trans- 
parent, s. relucency. 

RELUCTANT, adj. Struggling 
against ; unwilling, adv. relvLC 
ianily: s. relucian(X. 

RELU'ME. V. To light anew; tore- 
kindle, pr. par. reluming; past, 

RELY'. V. To lean upon with con- 
fidence; to trust in. pr. par. rely- 
ing ; past, relied: s. reliance. 

REMAIN'. V. To be left; to stay 
behind, pr. par. remaining; past, 
remainea: s. remainder^ remains. 

REMAND*. V. To send back; to 
call back. pr. par. ranaiu/tng*; past, 

REMARK', s. Observation; note; 
notice taken, v. remark; pr. par. 
remarking; past, remarked: adj. 
remarkable: adv. remarkably. 

REM'EDY. s. A medicine by which 
any illness is cured; that which 
counteracts any evil ; reparation. 
V. remedy; pr. par. remedying; past, 
remedied: adj. remediable^ ir medial^ 

REMEM'BER. v. To bear in mind; 
to put in mind. pr. par. remember- 
•^igr* past, remembered: a. remem- 
brance, remembrancer. 

^lEMINEK. V. To put in mind. pr. 
par. reminding , past, reminded, 

REMINIS'CENCE. «. Recollection. 


REMISS'. a((7. Not careful; sloth. 

ful. adv. remissly: s. remissness. 
REMIS'SION. s. Act of remitting 
REMIT. V. To relax; to forgive- 

to abate ; to send money to a dis* 

tant place, pr. par. remitting; past, 

remitted: s. remittance^ remitter. 
REM'NANT. s. Residue. 
REMOD'EL. V. To model anew. pr. 

par. remodeling; past, remodeled. 
REMON'STRATE. v. To show rea 

son against, pr. par. remonstrating, 

past, remx)nsirated: s. remon* 

strance: adj. remonstrant. 
REMORSE', s. Pain of guilt ; pity 

adj. remorseless. 
REMaTE. adj. Distant; far re 

moved; alien-; not agreeing, adv. 

remotely: s. remoteness. 
REMOUNT*. V. To mount agaii 

pr. par. remounting; past, r*. 

REMaVE. V. To put from its place, 

to place at a distance ; to go froi i 

one place to another, pr. par. re- 
moving; past, removed: adj. re* 

movable: s. removal. 
REMU'NERATE. v. To repay; to 

reward; to compensate, pr. pa!. 

remunerating; past, remunerated. 

8. remuneration^ remunerator: adj. 

RENAS'CENCE. s. State of being 

produced again, adj. ^'cna^cent. 
RENCOUN'TER. s. Clash; colli- 

sion ; personal opposition; sudden 

REND. V. To tear with violence. 

pr. par. rending ; past, rent. 
REN'DER V. To return; to pay 

back ; to invest with qualities ; to 

yield ; to show. pr. par. rendering, 

past, rendered. 
REN'DEZVOUS. s. Assembly; meet- 
ing appointed; place appointed 

for assembling, v. rendezvous; pr. 

par. rendezvousing: past, rendez- 


apostate; a deserter, pi. renegades^ 

RENILW. «. to T«Mw^vt\ v^ T» 


peat ; to beg^n again, pr. par. re- 
netoinr; past, reneioed: adj. re- 
naoabU: a. renewal^ renewemuss. 

REN'NET. s. See Runsct. 

of apple. 

REiN'OUNCE'. V. To disown ; to qnit 
upon oath. pr. par. renauncmg;' 
pist, renounced. 

REN'OVATE. v. To renew; tore- 
store to the first state, pr. par. remh 
vating; past, renovated, a. rtno- 

RENOWN, s. Fame; praise widely 
soread. adj. renovmed. 

RENT. s. A break ; a laceration. 

RENT. s. Revenue; periodical pay- 
ment, pr. par. renting; past, rent- 
ed : 8. rental^ renter^ rent-roll. 

RENUNCIATION. «. Act of re- 

REPAIR'. V. To restore after injury 
or dilapidation ; to mend. pr. par. 
repairing; past, repair^: s. re- 

REPARABLE, adj. Capable of be- 
ing repaired, s. reparation. 

REPARTEE, s. A smart reply. 

REPASS'. V. To pass again ; to pass 
or travel back. pr. par. repassing; 
past, repassed. 

REPAST, s. A meal; act of taking 
food ; victuals. 

REPAY'. V. To pay back; to com- 
pensate ; to requite, pr. par. re- 
paying; past, repayed: s. repay- 
ment. I 

REPEAL'. V. To revoke; to abro-' 
gate. pr. par. repealing; past, re- 
pealed: s. repeal. 

REPEAT. t>. To iterate, to use 
again ; to do, speak, or try again ; 
CO reciteu pr. par. repeating; past,' 
repeated • s. repeater^ one that re- 
peats; a watch that strikes the 

REPEL, r. To drive back. pr. par. 
repHHng; past, repelled: adj. re- 

REPENT. V. To think on any thing 
pRSt with sorrow; to change the 


pented: s. repentance: adj. and i 

REPEaPLE. V To stock witn peo 

pie anew. pr. par. reperpUng; past 

REPERCUS'SION. s. Rebound, adj. 

REPERTORY, s. A magazine; a 

book in which any thing is to bft 

found, pi. repertorves. 
REPETITION. ». Act of repeating, 

thing repeated. 
REPI'NE. V. To fret; to be discon- 

tented, pr. par. repimng; past, 

repined: s. repiner: adv. rtpwingly 
REPLA'CE. V. To put into the formei 

place; to put into a new place, pr. 

par. replacing; past, reple^ed. 
REPLANT. V. To plant anew. pr. 

par. replanting; past, replant^ 
P^PLEN'ISH. V. To fill again ; to 

stock; to furnish, pr. par. replt^" 

ishing; past, replentshed. 
REPLETE, adj. Full; full to ei- 

uberanoe. s. repletion: adj. rqa*- 

REPLEV'IN.v. Totakeback orsettt 

libertv anv thine seized, pr. par. 

Tfplevining; pait, repleoimirs. 

REPLIC A TION. s. Act of replying ; 

answer to a plea in law. 
REPLY'. V. To answer, pr. par. re- 
plying; past, replied: s. reply^ pi. 

replies^ replyer. 
REPORT. V. To cause a rumour; 

to give repute ; to give an account 

of; to return ; to rebound, pr. par. 

reporting; past, reported: s. re- 
port^ reporter. 
REPaSE. V. To lay to rest ; to be 

at rest ; to confide, pr. par. rq^os- 

ing; past, reposed: 8. repose^ re* 

posal^ reposedness, 
REPOS'ITORY. s. A place where 

any thing is safely deposited, a. 

REPREHENiy. v. To reprove ; to 

censure, pr. par. reprehending, 
past, reprehended: adj. reprehenst- 

Wtf, reprehenswe: adv. reprehtnstMy, 

mind, pt, pti n7>0i/tng;paat,r«- .E£?B£SENT. «. To exnibit as if 


present; to describe; to person- 
al j. pr. par. representing; past, 
represented: g. representation: adj. 
and s. representative. 

REPRESS'. V. To crush ; to subdue, 
pr. par. repressing; past, repress- 
ed: s. repression: adj. repressive. 

REPRIEVE'. V. To respite, after 
sentence of death; to respite, pr. 
par. reprieving: past, reprieved: s. 
reprieve^ reprieved. 

REPRIMAND', v. To chide; tore- 
prove, pr. par. reprimanding; past, 
rejyrimanded : s. rep'rimana. 

REPRINT*, v. To print again, pr. 
par. reprinting; past, reprinted: 
s. reprint. 

REPRl'SAL. s. Act of seizing, by 
way of retaliation ; thing seized. 

REPROACH'. V. To censure in op- 
probrious terms; to upbraid, pr. 
par. reproaching; past, reproach- 
ed: s. reproach: Bi\}. reproachahle^ 
reproachful: adv. reproachfully. 

PiEFROBATE. adj. Lost to virtue ; 
lost to grace ; abandoned, s. rep- 

REPTIOBATE. v. To disallow; to 
reject ; to abandon, pr. par. rep- 
robating; past, reprobated: s. rep- 

REPRODUCE'. V. To produce again, 
pr. par. reproducing; past, r^ro- 

REPRODUCTION. *. Act of repro- 
ducing; thing reproduced. 

REPROTE. v. To blame; to cen- 
sure ; to check, pr. par. rqfrovtng; 
past, reproved: adj. reprovable: s. 
reprover^ reproof. 

REPTILE, adj. Creeping upon many 
feet. s. reptile. 

REPUB'LIC. ». Commonwealth ; 
popular government, adj: and s. 
republican: s. republicanism. 

REPUBLISH. V. To publish anew, 
pr. par. republishing ; past, rqwb- 
lished: s. republicaiUm. 

KEPU'DIATE. V. To put away; to 
reject; to divorce, pr. par. repu- 
diating; pvist^ repudiatea : adj. re- 
jnuUaSle: s. rqnuUaticn. 


REPUG'NANT. adj. Contrar)-, op 
posite, inconsistent. 9.repvgnanct^ 
repugnancy : adv. repugnantly. 

REPULSE', s. Act of driving back 
state of being driven back ; defeat. 
V. repulse; pr. par. repulsing,- past, 
repulsed: adj. repulsive. 

REPU'TE. s. Character; reputation ; 

established opinion, v. repute; pr. 

par. reputing; past, reputed : adj. 

reputable: s. reputation. 
REQUEST, s. Petition; entreaty; 

demand; state of being desired. 

pr. par. requesting; past, request^. 
RE'QUIEM. s. A hymn in which 

rest is implored for the dead. 
REQUI'RE. V. To demand; to mak 

necessary; to need; to request 

pr. par. requiring; past, required 

REQ'UISITE. adj. Needful; neces 
sary ; required, s. requisite. 

REQUISI"riON. s. Demand; appli 
cation for a thing, as of right. 

REQUI'TE. V. To repay; to retali 
ate; to recompense, pr. par. re 
quiting; past, requited: s. requitoL 

RESCINiy. V. To cut off; to abro 
gate. pr. par. rescinding; past 

RESCIS'SION. 8. Act of rescinding 

RE'SCRIPT. s. Written answer 
edict of an emperor. 

RES'CUE. V. To set free from vio 
lence, confinement, or danger 
pr. par. rescuing; past, rescued: a 
rescue^ rescuer. 

RESEARCH', s. Inquiry, search. 

RESEM'BLE. v. To compare; to bi» 
like ; to have likeness to. pr. par 
resembling; past, resembled: «. rC' 

RESENT. V. To take ill ; to consid- 
er as injury or affront, pr. par. re* 
setiHng; past, resented: adj. reseni 
ful : 8. resentment. 

RESERVE'. V. To keep in store ; to 
save for some other purpose ; to 
retain, pr. par. reserving; past, rs- 
served : s. reservation^ reserve., «*■ 
servedness: tmSIlV vwi«r<6t^\. 


* ning is kept in store ; an artificial 

BKSI'DE. V. To have abode; to 
dwell; to sink; to subside, pr. 
par. residing; past, resided: b, res- 
idence: adj. and s. resident. 

KES'IDUE s. The remaining part ; 
that which is left. adj. resuiuary. 

RESIGN'. V. To give up; to yield; 
to submit, pr. par. resigning; past, 
resigned: s. resignation: adv. re- 

RESILIENCE, s. The act of start- 
ing or leaping back. adj. resilient. 

RES'IN. s. A vegetable substance 
that easily ignites, adj. resinous. 

RESIST. V. To oppose , not to ad- 
mit impression or force, pr. par. 
resisting; past, resisted: s. resist- 
ance : adi . resistible : s. resistibility. 

RES'OLUTE. adj. Determined ; fix- 
ed; constant, adv. resolutely: s. 

RESOLVE'. t». To free from doubt 
or difficulty; to solve; to deter- 
mine ; to analyze ; to reduce, pr. 
par. resolving; past, re^oZi^ec/: adj. 
resolvable: adv. resolvedly. 

RE'SONANT. adj. Resounding, s. 

RESORT. ». To have recourse ; to 
repair to. pr. par. re^oWmg" ; past, 
resorted: s. resort^ resorter. 

RESOUNiy. V. To echo; to sound 
back ; to be much and loudly men- 
tioned; pr. par. resouTui/n^; past, 
> esounded : s. resound. 

RESOURCE', s. New or unexpected 
means; resort; expedient. 

RESPECT. V. To regard ; to rever- 
ence in a moderate degree; to have 
relation to. pr. par. respecting; 
^^^l^ respected: s. respect: adj. rc- 
spectful: adv. respectfully. 

RESPECTABLE, adj. Venerable; 
meriting respect, s. respectability: 
adv. respectably. 

RESPECTIVE, adj. Particular ; rel- 
ative ; not absolute, adv. respect- 

HESPI'RE, V. To breathe; to catch 


respired: s. respiration: adj. re* 

spirable^ respiratory. 
RES'PITE. s. Reprieve ; susponsion 

of a capital sentence ; pause ; in- 

terval. v. respite^r. par. respiting; 

past, respited. 
RESPLENDENT. adj. Bright; shin- 

ing. 8. resplendence^ resplendency: 

adv. resplendenlly. 

RESPOND'. V. To answer; to cot- 
respond; to suit. pr. par. remand- 
ing; past, responded: s. respondent 

RESPONSE, s. An answer; answei 
made by a congregation, speaking 
alternately with the priest, adj. 
re^onsive^ responsory, 

RESPON'SIBLE. adj. Answerable; 
accountable; capable of discharg- 
ing an obligation, s. responsibility^ 
pi. responsibilities. 

REST. 8. Repose ; cessation or ab 
sence of motion ; quiet ; peaco i 
pause ; remainder, v. rest; pr. par 
resting ; pRsi^ rested : ndy restlesi : 
adv. restlessly: a. restlessness. 

RESTAURA'TION. s. Act of recoy. 
ering to the former state. 

RES'TIFF, RES'TIVE adj. Unwil- 
ling to stir; stubborn, s. restive- 

RESTITU'TION. s. Act of restor- 
ing; retribution. 

RESTORE. V. To give back to th«« 
owner ; to bring back ; to retrieve ; 
to cure ; to recover from disease, 
pr. par. restoring; past, restored' 
8. restoration: adj. and s. restora- 

RESTRAIN'. V. To hold back; to 
withhold ; to repress ; to hinder 
to limit, pr. par. restraining; past, 
restrained : adj. restrainable : s. r«- 

RESTRICT. V. To limit; to confine, 
pr. par. restricting; past, restricted^ 
8. restriction: adj. restrictive. 

RESULT, v. To leap back ; to arise 
as a consequence ; to be produced 
as an effect, pr.par. resulting; past, 
resulted: s. resnilt. 

breath, pr^^ar respiWnjf; paalAR^Vi'^'E^ i).'^<i\^^\««3k\tft V« 


gin again pr. par. resvmingi past, 

RESUMPTION. «. Act of resuming, 
adj. resumptive. 

RESURREC'TIOIJ. s. Revival from 
the dead ; return from the grave- 

RESUS'CITATE. d.To stir up again; 
to revive, pr- par. resuscitating; 
past, resuscitated : s. resuscitation : 
j»(ii. resuscitaiive. 

RETAIL'. V. To sell in small quan- 
tities ; to tell in broken parts, or 
at second-hand. pr. par. retailing; 
past, 7'etaUed: s. refiail^ retailer. 

RETAIN'. V. To keep ; not to dis- 
miss ; to keep in pay ; to withhold, 
pr. par. retaining; past, retaiiud: 
8. retainer. 

RETA'KE. V. To take again, pr. par. 
retaking; past, retaken; pret. re- 

RETALIATE, v. To return, by giv- 
ing like for like; to requite, pr. 
par. retaliating; past, retaliated: 
B. retaliation. 

RETARET. v. To delay, to hinder, 
pr. par. retarding; past, rdarded: 
6. retardation^ retarder. 

RETCH. V. To force up from the 
stomach, pr. par. retching; past, 

RETENTION, s. Act of retaining, 
adj. retentive: s. retenttveness. 

RETICLE, s. A small net. adj. re- 
ticular^ reticulated^ retijorm. 

RETINUE, s. A number attending 
upon a principal person ; a train. 

RETl'RE r.To retreat, to withdraw, 
pr. par. retiring; past, retired: s. 
re tiredness f retirement. 

RETORT. V. To throw back; to 
curve back ; to return any argu- 
ment, censure, or incivility, pr. 
par. retorting; past, retorted: s. 
retort^ reiorter. 

RETOUCH', v. To improve by new 
touches, pr. par. retouching; past, 

RETRA'CE. V. To trace back ; to 
trace &gain. pr. par. retracing; 
past, retraced. 

RETRACT. ». To take back ; to re- 


call ; to recant, pr. par. retracting 
past, retracted: s. retraction : adj 

RETREAT, s. Act of retiring; re- 
tirement; place of privacy, v. re* 
treat; pr. par. retreating; past, r»> 

RETRENCH', v. To cut off; toles 
sen. pr. par. retrenching ; past, re 
trenched: s. retrenchment. 

RETRIBU'TION. s. Repayment ; re- 
turn accommodated to the action, 
adj. retributive^ reiributory. 

RETRIL'VE. V. To recover ; to re- 
store; to repair, pr. par. retrieving, 
past, retrieved: a. reir-ieve: adj. re- 

RETROACTIVE, adj. Having a 
backward action ; acting upon the 
■past. 8. retroaction. 

RETROGRADE, adj. Going back- 
ward; contrary, v. retrograde , 
pr. par. retrograding ; past, retro- 
graded: 8. retrogression: adj. r«- 

RE'TROSPECT. s. Backward view, 
s. retrospection: adj. retrospective. 

RETURN', v. Toturn'back ; to come 
again to the same place ; to make 
answer ; to retort, pr. par. return- 
ing; past, returned: s. return: adj. 

REUNITE. V. To join again, pr. par 
reuniting; past, reunited: a.reunion. 

REVEAL', v. Todisjcover; to show; 
to lay open. pr. par. revealing; 
past, revealed: s. revelation^ reveal 

Rp:VErLLE, REVEILLE', s. I'he 
morning beat of drum. 

REVEL. V. To feast with loose and 
clamorous merriment, pr. par. r<i>- 
eling; past, reveled: s. reveller ^ rev 
elry^ pi. revelries. 

REVENGE. V. To return an injury 
pr. par. revenging; past, reveng' 
ed: 8. revenge^ revenger: adj. re- 
vengeful: adv. revengefully. 

REVENUE, s. Income; annual prof 

RE VER'BE.R kT^. ^ ."^^Xi^^X-Xsw^ivV 
lo be duNeii\i^OB.\V^ t«s»^;5j^ ^^^ 


par. reverberating; pati, reverbe-] 
rated: adj. reverberant^ reveroer^ 
tory: 8. reverberation. 

REVE'RE. V. To reverence; to hon- 
our, pr. par. revering; past, rever- 
ed: 8. rtverer. 

REVERENCE, s. Veneration, re- 
spect ; act of obeisance ; title of 
the clergy, v. rev^ence; pr. par. 
reverencing; past, reverenced: adj. 
reverend, revcrctt^ reverential: adv. 

REVERSE*. V. To turn upside down; 
to overturn ; to turn back ; to re- 
peal ; to put each in the place of 
the other, pt. par. reversing; past, 

reversed: s. reverse, reversal: adv 
reversely: adj. reversible. 

REVERSION, s. Act of reverting : 
estote reverted, adj. reversiynary. 

REVERT. V. To return; to fall 
back. pr. par. reverting; p'tst, re- 

RE VERY. s. Loose musirig, irreg- 
ular thought, pi. reveries. 

REVEST. V. 1^ clothe again; to 
vest again in a possession or office, 
pr. par. revesting; past, revested. 

REVIEW. V. To look back ; to view 
again; to survey; to examine, 
pr. par. reviewing; past, reviewed 

8. review, remewer. 

REVI'LE. V. To vilify; to reproach; 
pr. par. reviling; past, reviled: s. 
reviler^ revilernent. 

REV^i'SE. V. To review, pr. par. re- 
vising; past, revised: s. revisal, 
revise^ reviser, revision. 

REVIS'IT. v. To visit again, pr.par. 
revisiting ; past, revisited. 

REVI'VE. 1?. To return to life; to 
reanimate; to renew, pr. par. re- 
viving; past, revived: a. revival, 

REVOKE'. V. To call back ; to re- 
peal ; to annul ; to renounce at 
cards, pr. par. revoking ; past, re- 
voked: 8. revoke, revocation. 

I £VOLT. V. To fall off from one 
to another ; to turn ; to rebel, pr. 
par. revolting; past, revolted: s. 
•wo//, revoUer, 


REVOLUTION. «. Act of revrfr 
ing; rotation; change, adj. rtttf 
Iviionary: s. revolutxiom/ist. 

REVOLVE'. V. To roll in a circle, 
to perform a revolution ; to con- 
sider, pr. par. revolving ; past, re- 

REVUL'SION. s. Act of withhold 
ing or drawing_back. 

REWARD'. V. To give in return i 
to repa^' ; to compensate, pr. par. 
rewarding; past, rewarded: s. re- 
ward, rewdrder. 

RHAPSODY, s. A collection of 
songs or verses; thoughts joined 
together without necessary de- 
pendence or necessary connexion 
pi. rhapsodies: adj. rhapsodical' 
8. rhapsodist, 

RHETORIC. 8. The act of speak- 
ing with propriety and elegance; 
power of persuasion ; oratory, s 
rhetorician: adj. rhetorical: ad% 

RHEUM, s. A thin, watery matter, 
oozing through the glands. 

RHEUMATIC. a/f;.Proceeding from 
rheum ; .denoting the pain which 
attacks the joints, &c. a. rheur 

RHlNaCEROS. 8. A species of 
quadruped pi. rhinoceroses. 

RHODODENDRON. 8. A kind of 

RHOMB. 8. A term in geom«»try. s. 
rhomboid: adj. rhomhoidal. 

RHUBARB, s. A kind of medicinal 

RHYME. 5. An harmonical succes- 
sion of sounds; the correspondence 
of the last sound of one verso to 
the last sound or syllable of an- 
other, v. rhyme; pr, par. rhym- 
ing; past, rhymed: s. rhymer, 

RHYTH'M. s. Metre; verse; pro 
portion applied to any motion 
whatever, adj. rhythmical. 

RI'AL. *. A Spanish coin. 
.RIB. 8. One of the bones which en 
1^ com^^%V\w&V^(^^.^&.c. adj. rtbitd 

BALD. adj. i 



; fenUe 
■icimas : adu. ritWy. 

dren. ailj, ricktty. 
RID. V. To «t tree) tc 

KIiyDLE. J. A 

i3t, ridcttnl.' i. rfjjjn 

RIOTCOLE. * Wit or that species 
that provoke" lau^hler; folly, v. 
riiHcvlti pT. par. ndtcuitng-.' paai, 

RiFrBAIT. ». Refuse. 

,E. ». Torob; to plunder, pr. 
. rifling: past, njfej.- a. lifler. 

pi. rifiaatn. 
IC. 1. A aiT 
digging, in a 

ill ridgR, TnadB by 

RiGADCXJN'. t A kind of brisk 

RIGHT, adj. Fit, proper, anilab! 

true, juil, Blraigbt; not left. 

ngfU: tdr, rahl, rrWUjj 


right i 


pr. par. riehling put. 

,^. Jua 

eously: a. righltovsnOB. 
Rl'GID. adj. ^titf 1 not to be bent; 

rigidly, s. rigidatn. 


RIG'OUB, BIG-OR. j. Cold, atlrl 
levEril;', auiierily, alricl- 
idj. ngorouM: adi- rtgor 

. adv. Tight 

ILL. a. . 


Rmc-WORM. .. A citciilar tetlei 
RINSE, e. To vraahsliehtly. pr.par 

riot""/ Arup'ronr; adlalH^'cB 

asunder. ] 


Rll'E, adj. E 


RISE.'fl.'"C(. \!^tm; 
\ up fiota tcftXi\ 

■ V': P". rippling, 


«well ; to ascend ; to make an in- 

surrfction. pr. par. rising; past, 

risen ; jpret. rose : a. m«, riser. 
RIS'IBLE. adj. Having the faculty 

or power of laughing; exciting 

laughter, s. risibtliti/. 
RISK. s. Hazard; danger, v. rwfc,* 

pr. par. risking; past, risked: s. 

RITE. s. Solemn act of religion; 

external observance, s. and adj. 

RI'VAL. s. A competitor, adj. n- 

val: V. rival; pr. par. rivaling; 

past, rivaled : a. rivalry. 
RlVC. v. To split; to cleave, pr. 

par. riving; past, nven. 
RIVER, s. A land current of water, 

of the first class. 
RIVET, s. A fastening pin, clench- 
ed at both ends. v. rivet; pr. par. 

riveting ; past, riveted. 
RIVULET, s. A small river; a 

RTXA' nON. s. A quarrel ; a brawl. 
RIX'DOLLAR. s. A German coin, 

worth about four shillings and six* 

pence sterling. 
ROACH s. A kind of fish. pi. 

HIKT). s. A large way; a path. 
ROAD'STEAD. s. A place in which 

ships can anchor. 
ROAM. V. To ramble; to rove. pr. 

par. roaming; past, roamed: s. 

ROAN. adj. Bay, sorrel, or black 

colour, mixed with gray or white 

ROAR. V. To cry as a lion, or any 

other wild beast ; to make a loud 

noise, pr. par. roaring; past, roar- 
ed: s. roar, roarer. 
ROAST. V. To dress meat by turn- 
ing it round before the fire. pr. 

par. roasting; past, roasted: s. 

roasts roaster. 
ROB. V. To take forcibly from the 

person; to plunder, pr. par. rob- 

otng; past, robbed : s. robber ^ rob- 
berifj pi. robberies. 
ROBE, s. A gown of state; a dreMi^ 


of dignity, v^ robe; pr. par. robu^ 
past, robed. 

A kind of bird. 

ROBUST*, adj. Strong; vigorous. 

ROCK. s. A vast mass of stone, 
fixed in the earth; a distaff, adj 
rocky: s. rockiness. 

ROCK. V. To shake ; to move back 
wards and forwards, pr. par. rode 
tnc*; past, rocked: a. rocker. 

R0(5K'ET. s. a kind of fire-work . 
a species of plant. 

ROD. s. A long twig, &c. 

RODE. Pret of the v. to ride, 

RODOMONTA'DE. s. An empty, 
noisy bluster or boast ,- a rant. v. 
rodamoniade; pr. par. rodomon' 
lading; past, rodomontade : a. ro- 

ROE. 8. A species of deer; — the 
eggs of fish. 

ROGATION, s. LiUny, supplica 

ROGUE, s. A vagabond; a knave; 
a villain, adj. roguish: adv. ro- 
guishly: s. roguishness. 

ROIST, ROISTER, v. To behave 
turbulently; to be at ^ree quar- 
ters ; to bluster, pr. par. roisting^ 
roistering; past, roisted, roistered: 
s. roister. 

ROLL. V. To move by volutation ; 
to move round on its axis; to wrap 
round upon itself; to involve in 
bandage; to run on wheels, pr. 
par. rolling; past, rolled: a. roll, 

ROL'LINGPIN. 8. A round piece of 
wood, used by bakers. 

RO'MAN. s. A native or citizen of 
Rome; a papist, adj. Roman: % 

ROMANCE'. 8. The ancient cor 
rupt Latin language, such as was 
spoken, during the middle affcs, 
in France; a military fable ot the 
middle ages ; a tale of wild ad 
ventures, in war and love ; a lie . 
a fiction, v. romance; pr. par. m- 
mancing; past, romanced: a. nh 


ROMANTIC, adj. Resembling a ro- 
mance ; wild ; false ; full of wild 

ROMP. .«. A rude, awkward, bois- 
terous, untaught girl ; rough, rude 
play. V. rompt pr. par. romping; 
past, romped: adj. rom/>t5A. 

RON'DEAU. s. A kind of ancient 
poetry; a kind of jig, or lively 
tune, which ends with the first 
strain repeated. 

ROOD. s. The fourth part of an 
acre; a pole; a measure of 16i 

ROOF. 5. The cover of a house, v. 
roof; pr. par. roofing; past, roof- 
ed: adj. rw^Uas. 

ROOK. 5. A species of small crow ; 
one of the pieces used in the game 
of chess. 8. rookery^ pi. rookeries. 

ROOM. s. Space ; sufficient space ; 
chamber; place of another, adj. 

RO(.>S't. s. That on which a bird 
sits, to sleep, v. roost; pr. par. 
rtiosting; past, roosted. 

ROOT. s. That part of a plant which 
rosts in the ground, v. root; pr. 
pir. rooting; past, rooted: adj. 

ROPEL 8. A cord ; a string, s. ropi- 
ness: adj. ropy: s. rt^tC'dancer, 

RO'SARy. s. A bunch of beads, on 
which the Romanists number their 
prayers ; a place where roses grow, 
pi. rosaries. 

RO.S'CID. adj. Dewy. 

ROSE. s. A kind of flower, adj. rosy; 
8. rosiness^ rosewater. 

ROSE. Prftt of the v. to rise. 

RO'SEATE. adj. Rosy; blooming; 
purple as a rose. 

ROSE'MARY. s. A kind of plant. 

ROS'IN. s. Inspissated turpentine; 
juice of the pine. v. rosin; pr. par. 
* rotining; past, rosined. 

ROSTRUM, s. The beak of a bird; 
th<; beak of a ship; the scaffold 
whence orators harangued. 

ROT. V To putrefy , to lose the co 
horiOD of itsf/arttf. pr. par. rowing',* 


past, rotted: s. rot adj. rotten • s, 

Whirling as a wheel. 

ROTATION, s. Act of whirling 
round like a wheel ; revolution. 

ROTE. s. A musical instrument ; 
words uttered by mere memory, 
without judgment; memory of 
words, without comprehension of 
the sense. 

ROTUND*, adj. Round, spherical, a. 

ROTUN'DA, ROTUN'DO. s. A cir- 
cular building, such as the Pan- 
theon at Rome. 

ROUGE. *. Red paint, pronounced 
rooje, V. rouge; pr. par. rouging; 
past, rouged. 

ROUGH, cidj. Rugged ; having ine- 
qualities on the surface; coarse; 
^tempestuous, adv. roughly: a. 
roughness: v. roug/ien; pr. par. 
roughening; past, roughened. 

ROUGH'CAST. v. To mould with- 
out nicety or elegance ; to form 
with asperities and inequalities; 
to dash with pebbles and mortar* 
pr. par. roughcasting; past, rough 
casied: s. roughcast. 

ROUGH'RIDER. s. One who breaki 
horses for riding. 

ROUGH'SHOD. adj. Having rough- 
ened shoes, to prevent slipping. 

ROUND, adj. Circular; spnerical; 
whole; not broken, v. round; pr, 
par. rounding; past, rounded: s. 
round: adv. round,, roundly: prep. 
round: adj. roundish: s. rounaness 

ROUND'ABOUT. adj. Indirect. 

ROUNiyELAY. s. A rondeau. 

ROUNiyHEAD. s. A puritan; so 
named from the practice of crop- 
ping the hair round. 

R0UND-R0B'IN5. A written petition 
or remonstrance, signed by several 
persons, around a ring or circle. 

ROUSE. V. To wake froTi rest , to 
excite, pr. par. rousing; past* 
rofufted: s. rouser. 

ROUT. s. Aw c\w\cvv>xavss \«»^!C>^.>a^.*. ^ 


army. v. rout; pr. par. rouUng; 
past, routed. 

ROUTE, s. Road, way. 

ROUTl'NE. s. Custom, practice. 

ROVE. V. To ramble; to range; to 
wander over. pr. par. roving; past, 
roved: 8. rover. 

ROW. s. A number of things ranged 
in a line; a rank or file. 

ROW. s. A riotous noise ; a drunk- 
en debauch. 

ROW. t>. To impel by oars. pr. par 
ronnng; past, rowed: s. ronner. 

ROW'EL. 5. A little, flat ring or 
wheel, in horses* bits ; the points 
of a spur, turning on an axis ; a 

ROY'AL. at/;. Kingly ; regal, a. roy- 
alist^ royalty^ pi. royalties: adv. 

RUB. V. To move one body upon 
another ; to wipe ; to remove by 
friction, pr. par. rubbing; past, 
rubbed: s. rw6, rubber. 

RUB'BISH. s. Ruins of building; 
fragments of matter used in build- 
ing; any thing vile and worthless. 

RU'BICUND. adj. Inclining to red- 
ness, s. rubicundity. 

RU'BRIC. 5. Directions printed in 
books of law, and in prayerbooks ; 
do called, because they were ori- 
ginally distinguished by being in 
red ink. 

RU'BY. 5. A precious stone, of a 
red colour, adj. ruby. 

RUCTA'TION. s. Belching. 

RUD'DER. 5. A helm. 

RVUDY. adj. Approaching to red- 
nes«». s. ruddiness. 

RUDE. adj. Raw ; barbarous ; un- 
taught : uncivil ; unpolished ; art- 
less, adv. rudely: s. rudeness. 

RU'DIMENT. s. First principles; 
first elements of a science; begin- 
ning, adj. rudimental. 

RUE. V. To grieve for; to regret. 

pr. par. ruing; past, rued: adj. 

rueful i adv. ruefully: s. ruefvU- 


RUFF. s. A puckered linen or mu»- 


lin ornament, for the neck ; a 8Ut€ 

of roughness. 
RUFFIAN, s. A brutal, boiiteroag, 

mischievous fellow ; a cut-throat; 

a robber, adj. ruffianly ^ ruffianlike, 
RUFFLE. V. To disorder; to put 

out of form ; to make less smooth; 

to grow rough or turbulent, pr 

par. ruffling; past, rvffHed: a. ruf 

RUG. s. A coarse, nappy, woollen 

RUG'GED. adj. Rough; full of un 

evenness and asperity, adv. >*ug^> 

gediy: s. ruggemuss, 
RU'IN. s. Fall, destruction, over 

throw; thing fallen, v. ruin; pr. 

par. ruining; past, ruined: a. ru-- 

iner : adj. ruinous: adv. ruinously, 
RULE. s. Government ; sway ; can 

on, &,c. V. rule; pr. par. ruling, 

past, ruled: a. ruler. 
RUM. s. A kind of spirits, distilled 

from molasses. 
RUMBLE. V. To make a hoarse, 

low, continued noise, pr. par. rum 

bling; past, rumbled: a. rambler. 

RU'MiNATE. V. To chew the cud ; 
to muse. pr. par. ruminating; past, 
ruminated : adj. ruminant : a. ru- , 
mination^ ruminator. 

RUM'MAGE. V. To search rudely, 
pr. par. rummaging; past, rum- 

RU'MOUR. s. Flying or popular re- 
port. ▼. rumour ; pr. par. rumour- 
ing ; past, rumoured. 

RUMP. s. The end of the back 

bone ; the buttocks. 
RUMPLE, s. A pucker; a rude 

plait. V. rumple; pr. par. rumpling 

past, rumpled. 
RUN. V. To move swiftly ; to make 

haste, &.C. pr. par. running; past, 

run ; pret. ran : a. run^ ruyxner. 

RUN'AGATE. *. A fugitive, an apos- 

RUN'DLE. 8. A step of a ladder, 
something put round an axis. 

RUN'DLET. 8. A small barrel. 
\\RV3^G. P^ftt ^ot. of the V. to ring> 


HUNG. s. A round or step of a lad- 
der, &c. 

RUNIC, adj. Denoting the letters 
and language of the ancient north- 
ern nations. 

RUN'NET. «. A liquor made by steep- 
ing the stomach of a calf in hot 
water, and used to coagulate milk 
for curds and cheese ; sometimes 
wTttten rennet. 

RUNT. s. A dwarf animal. 

RUPEE', s. An East Indian silrer 
coin, worth about two shillings and 
four-pence sterling. 

RUPTURE. 8. The act of breaking; 
state of being broken ; hernia, v. 
rupture; pr. par. rupturing f past, 
ruptured: s. ruption. 

RU'RAL. adj. Relating or belonging 
to the country, adv. rurally: s. 

RUSH. s. A kind of plant, pi. rushes: 
adj. rushy • s. rushiness. 


RUSH. V. To enter or move with 

violence, pr. par. rushing; pwl« 

rushed: s. rush. 
RUSK. s. Hard bread, made from rye. 
RUS'SET. adj. Reddishly brown.- 

ffrav ; homespun, s. russet. 
RUST. s. Oxide of iron ; tarnished 

surface of any metal ; matter br<>«l 

by corruption or degeneration, v. 

rust; pr. jar. rusting; past,n««(- 

ed: adj. rusty: s. rustiness. 
RUS'TIC. adj. Rural; rude; uu- 

taught, s. rusticity. 
RUS'TICATE. V. To reside in the 

country; to banish into the coun 

try. pr. par. rusticating ; past, ruA 

ticated : s. rustication. 
RUT. s. The track of a carriage 

RUTH'FUL. adj. Merciful; sor- 

rowful. Eidv.ruthfully: adj. ne^ 

less : 8. ruthlessness. 
RYE. A kind of esculent grain. 


SAB'BATH. s. A day appointed for 

. public worship, and rest from la- 
hour, adj. sabbatic^ sabbaticaL 

SA'BLE. s. A kind of fur. 

SA'BLE. adj. Black. 

SABOT*. s. a sort of wooden shoe. 

SA'BRE. s. a cimetar; a short 
sword with a convex edge. v. sa- 
bre; pr. par. sabring; past, sabred. 

SACCHARINE, adj. Having the 
taste or any other of the chief 
qualities of sugar. 

SACERDaTAL. adj. Priestly; be- 
longing to the priesthood. 

SACH'EL. s. a small sack or bag. 

SACH'EM. s. The title of some 
American chiefs. 

SACK. s. A bag, a pouch, a large 
bag; a Utnd of sweet wine. 

SACK. V. To take by storm ; to pil 
l:ige. pr. par. sacking, past, sack- 
ed: 8. sackf sacker. 

SACK'BUT. s. A kind of trumpet. 

SACJK'CLOTH. s. Cloth of which 


sacks are made; coarse clotli 
sometimes worn in mortification. 

SA'CRAMENT. s. An oath ; any 
ceremony producing an obligation, 
the eucharist. adj. sacramental: 
adv. sacramentally. 

SA'CRED. adj. Immediately relating 
to God ; devoted to religious uses; 
holy; consecrated, adv. sacredly: 
8. sacredness. 

SACRIFICE. V. To offer to heaven; 
to immolate as an atonement or 
propitiation; to destroy; to kill, 
pr. par. sacrificing; past, sacri- 
ficed: s. sacrifice^ scu:rificer: adj. 
sacrific^ sacrificat^ sacrificatory^ 

SACRILEGE, s. The crime of ap 

propriating to oneVself what is 

devoted to religion ; the crime of 

robbing heaven, adj. sacrilegioust 

adv. sacrilegiously: s. sacriU^vwk'*- 

. ness. 

-SAU- lu'j. Sorrowful; glnomx; H- 
riotie. V. JoJi^; pi. pir. iadikn- 
inff • paat^ sadUeiuti: adv- aoiUjf- 

thlSaiX.. I. The Beat which ii fiul 

iof «< 

r hertw; ■ 

SAl/UUCEIi I. One of the moBI 
ancient KCt> imariKit ihg Jew>. 

SAFE. oJj, free from danger- frei 
from hurt, ad., m/(^: s. »-/>. 

SAFECON-liUCT. t. Coiivojr; guard 

SAteJuARD. 1 'DefBiioB, i^lt 

'[■■LOWER. «. A ipeciea 

SALAMAK'UblB. j. Ansninul <vp- 


LARV. 1. Staled hire ADmiilor 

^eriiKliiiBl paymenl. pi. viana. 

»ALE. I. ThaDctorulling vent 

lulj. lakablt a. MoUatlt- 

V. Stably, 

.SALESMAN, a. One who Hilla. pL 

SAL'IRiM*. adj. Leaping, bounding. 
SAL1QUE-. rut;. Belonging to the 



SA(;E. J. A soeeio. o 
SACK. adj. WiM 



SA'tia I The granulotirf 

4in li:s(Miidia pbni. |{- 

Said. Prel. aud pa.1 par. of the t.[I, 

io sny: odj- ■lDro»;u<li 

^CITTAL adj. Belonging [oau 

SALIKE. «lf. Conaiating of uH; 

SALrVA. . The juiee -which i, 
aeparatea b« the aalival glands 

SALIVATE. B. To purge bv the 
salival glands, pr. par. sfJicaiiHy, 
past, sativaud.- a. anhoattan- 

RAL'LOW. t. A tret of the senna 
of willow. 

SAL'IOW. oiH. SicWy, jellow. a. 

SAL'LV J. Erupliooi iaaue fron 
n pluCR besieged quick egreaa. 
pi. satlits: V, siiUyi pf. par. MoUy 
ing pail, aatliaL 

SAL'LtPoRT I. A gate ftom whicli 

ALMAGUN'Di fc A mixture o 
I ehopped meala. 
idaheetwhich SALM'OK. t. A (pectea of fiik 
nd proflGlD a 5AL00^'. n. A Bpacio»> hall < 


sr tbii) 


of herb. 

SAI.TANT. adj. 

ue, v.mM.-pr-vat. i 



healthful, promoting health, s. sa- 

SAL'UTARY. adj. Wholesome, 
healthful, safe, advantageous, s. 
sa hi tartness. 

SALU'TE. V. To greet, to hail, to ad- 
dress, pr. par. saluting; past, sa- 
luted: s. salute^ snlutcUiony saluta- 
tory^ pi. saluta-tories. 

SALUTlFEROUS. adj. Healthy, 
bringing health. 

SAL VABLE. adj. Possible to be 

SAL'VAGE. s. Reconnpense allow- 
ed by the law, for saving goods 
from a wreck. 

SALVATION, s. AcJ^of saving ; 
preservation from eCernal death; 
reception to the happiness of 

SALVE. 5. A glutinous matter, ap- 
plied to wounds and hurts ; help ; 
remedy, v. salve; pr. par. salving; 
past, salved. 

SAL'VER. s. A plate on which any 
thing is presented. 

SAL'VO. 8. An exception; a reser- 
vation ; an excuse, pi. salvoes. 

SAME, adj. Not different; identi- 
cal ; not another, s. sameness. 

SAMPH'IRE. 8. A plant preserved 
in pickle. 

SAMPLED, s, A specimen, an ex- 

SAMPLER. 8. A pattern of work, 
a specimen. 

SAN'ABLE. adj. Curable; suscep- 
tive of remedy; remediable. 

SAN'ATIVE. adj. Powerful to cure ; 
healing, g. sanativeness. 

SANCTIFY. V. To make holy; to 
free from the power of sin for the 
time to come. pr. par. sanctifying; 
past, sancii/led: 8. sanciificaiionj 

SANCtlMONIOUS. adj. Saintly; 
having th« appearance of sancti- 
ty, adv. sanctimoniously: s. sancti- 
moniousness, sancUmony^ pi. sanc- 

SANCTION. ». The act of confir- 
mation, which givet to any thing 


its obligatory power ; ratincatioft. 
v. sanction; pr. par. sanctioning , 
past, sanctioned. 

SAiNCTlTY. s. Holiness ; the state 
of being holy. pi. sanctities. 

SANCTUARY, s. A holy place; a 
sacred asylum, pi. sunctvaries. 

SAND. 5. Particles of stone not con- 
joined, or stone broken to powder, 
v. sand; pr. par. sanding; past, 
sanded: s. sandiness: adj. sandy. 

SAN'DAL. *. A loose shoe. 

SAND'BLIND. adj. Having a defec. 
m the eyes, by which small par- 
ticles appear to fly before them. 

SANL. adj. Sound, healthy. 

SANG. Pret. of the v. to sing. 

SAN'GtJLNE. adj. Red; havmg the 
colour of blood; warm; ardent; 
confident, adj. sanguineous: s. san- 
guvurusSy sangvinity. 

SANG'UINARY. adj. Cruel, Moody 

SANHE'DRhM. s. The chief coun- 
cil among the Jews. 

SAN'ITY. 5. Soundness of mind. pL 

SANK. Pret of the v. to sink. 

SAP. s. The vital juice of plants; 
the juice that circulates in trees 
and herbs, ady sapless ^ sappy : a, 

SAP. V. To undermine ; to enter 
under ground, pr. par. sapping 
past, sapped : s. sap^ sapper. 

SA'PIENCE. s. Wisdom, sageness, 
knowledge, adj. sapient. 

SAPLING, s. A young tree; a young 

SAPONA'CEOUS. adj. Soapy; re 
sembling soap ; Aaviog the quali 
ties of soap. 

SAPPHIC, adj. Denoting a kind of 
verse, after the manner of Sap- 

SAPPHIRE. 8. A precious stone, of 
a blue colour. 

SAR'CASM. s. A keen reproach ; a 
taunt ; a gibe. adj. sarcastic, sar 
castical: adv. sarca&lxtaW^, 

iSAR'CE^¥.T. ». Yvci^.,\>Nccw^'«w«v 


SARCOPH'AGUS. s. A sort of stone 
cutiin or grave, in which the an- 
rieiits laid those bodies which 
were not to be burned. Latin pi. 

SARDONIC, adj. Forcpd or feigned, 
as applied to laughter, smiles, or 

AR'DONYX. s. A kind of precious 
stone, pi. sardonyxes. 

SARSAPARIL'LA. «. A kind of tree; 
a kind of herb. 

SASH. s. A belt, worn .by way of 
distinction ; a ribbon worn round 
the waist, by ladies; a window, 
so formed as to let up and down, 
by pulleys. 

SAS'SAFRAS. s. A kind of tree. 

SaT. Pret. and past par. of the ▼. 
to sit. 

SATAN, s. The devil, adj. jotomc, 
satamcal .- adv. satanicaUy. 

SATCH'EL. s. A little bag; com- 
monly a bag used by school-boys. 

SATE. V. To satiate, to glut, to pall, 
pr. pat. sating f past, so^cZ. 

SATELLITE, s. A small planet, re- 
volving round a larger. 

SA'TIATE. V. To satisfy, to fill, to 
glut, to pall. pr. par. satiating; 
past, satiated: s. scUiety, 

SATIN. 5. A soft, close, and shin- 
ins^ silk. 

SATINET, s. A sort of slight satin. 

SATIRE, s. A poem, in which wick- 
edness or folly is censured, adj. 
satirical: adv. satirtcally: s. saiir- 
ist: V. satirize; pr. par. satirixing; 
past, satirized. 

SATISFACTION. $. The act of 
satisfying; the state of being 
pleased ; gratification ; amends ; 
atonement for a crime, adj. satis- 
factory: adv. sati^aciorily : s. sat- 

SATISFY. V. To content; to please 
to such a degree, that nothing 
more is desired, pr. par. satisfy- 
u^; past, satisfied: s. satisfier. 

SATRAP. 8. In rersia, a governor 
of a district ; a kind of viceroy ; 
1 nobleman in power. 


SATURATE, v. To impregnate liU 
no more can be received or im- 
bibed, pr. par. saturating; past, 
saturated : s. saturation. 

SATURDAY, s. The last day of the 

SATURN. 8. A remote planet of 
the solar system. 

SATURNA'LIAN. adj. Sportive, 
loose ; like the feasts of Saturn. 

SATUR'NIAN. adj. Happy, goldea 




SATUR'NINE. a^. Gloomy, grave, 

SATYR. 8. A sylvan god. 
SAUCEL 8. Something eaten wkh 

food, to improve its taste. 
SAUCETAN. 8. A small skillet, with 

a long handle, in which sauce ot 

small things are boiled. 
SAU'CER. s. A small pan or platter. 

in which sauce is set on a tabln ; 

a piece of china, into which a tea 

cup is set. 
SAU'CY. adj. Pert, oetulant, vamy 

lent, impudent, auv. saucily: h. 

SAUNTER. V. To wander abwit 

idly; to loiter; to linger, pr. prir. 

sauntering; past, sauntirtd: s. 

SAUS'AGE. 8. A roll or ball of mekt, 

minced very small, and sometimi^s 

stuffed into skins. 
SAVAGE, adj. Wild, uncultivated, 

untamed, barbarous, s. MUNm** 

adv. savagely: s. savageness. 
SAVAN'NA. 8. An open meadow, 

without a wood. 
SAVE. V. To preserve from dangei 

or destruction ; not to spend or 

lose. pr. par. saving; past, saved. 

8. saver ^ savings savtngne8S: adv. 

SAVE. prep. Except, not including. 
SAVE'ALL. 5. A small pan, insert* 

ed into a candlestick, to save the 

ends of candles. 
SAVIN, s. A species of plant. 
SAVIOUR. «. The Kedeemer; 

Christ. , 

SA'VORY. *. A kind of plant, pi 



SAW. Pr 


of which, ' 

SAW'DUST. a. Daat made bj ihe 

SAWFIT. J. A pil,'over which lim- 
ber ii bid lo be uwcd. 
SAX'OW. s. One of ths pEople who 

inhabited the norlhero pnrt of G«r- 

manv- adi- Saron. 
SAY. I. To apeek; lo ulicr in wordi^ 

to tell, pr- par. ooying',- paa(, utid: 

1. tat/, laying. 
SCAB. J. An iticriiBlatiun, formpd 

o-flr a ton. bj dried matter, a-li. 

Kfitiitfd. tcabby, Kobimis.- b. AfriA- 

Mnn, icabbintii. 
SCAB'RAItD. t. The gheath of a 

SCAB-KOUS. cdj. Rough; rugged; 

^AFTOLD, (. A temporary gnl 
•iiows Of ipeMalors; the H'llcr; 

for the 
par. sen 


rkmen. ». icaffold ; pr. 
.iffiHingl part, acnffbldtd: 

ig ladders against 

pr. par. scrddmgt pn 
SCALE. J. Ahalanre 

which, iying orer another, make 
Ihs coalB of fiihei. y.icale; pi 
par'. Kaling; paal, lailed: adj 
noM, Uflfji.- ■. icaliittu 

SCAL'LOI'. 0. To mark on the e<lg« 

'loping: psst. taill^td. 
SCALI-. I. The okuil { Ihe cranium; 

y. lenlp: pr. par. icaijnng, pait, 

SCAM'l'KR. ». To fly with .perf 

'ng ; paat, jcjnif red. 
kH. V. To eiamino 

nnling I. 

SfAiYDAL. J. Offence giTc: 

r; pail, 

fumy. V- Bcandntizti pr.par. icoiw 
dalizing,- pagt, scaTUnIixtd: adj 
irnmii/cHi.i.- ad». (cmulci/inu/y.- >. 

/, acai^ .- adv. 


a pirliculir purpdioj ■ certain 

iCAra'GOAT. J. The goat set at 
liberty l<v the Jews, on the day of 
•olemn ripiatlon. 
SCAt'E-MENT. i, A general term 
for (he manner ofcninmunKBting 
the impulse of the wbeeli to tba 

BCAPTLARY. ». Part of the hatut 

ifa friar, conaiatingoftwo narrow 
ilipi of cloth, covering the back 

SCAR, I. A mark made br a hurt oi 

SCAR'AMOUCR t. A buffoon is 

SCARCE, ndj. Notplentirul; rare; 
— '" on. adT. acflrcf^.- ■. 
tenrofv, pi- aearalk*. 


SCARECROW. 8. An image or clap- 
per, sel up to friffhtcn birds. 

SCARF, s. Any thing that hangs 
lo4>se upon the shoulders or dress. 

SCARPSKIN. s. The cuticle; the 
epidermis ; the outer scaly integ- 
uments of the body. 

SCARIFY. V. To let blood by th^ 
incisions of the skin, commonly 
after the application of cupping- 
glasses, pr. par. scarifying; past, 
scarified: s. scarification^ scariji- 
caior, scarifier. 

SCAR'LCT. s. A colour compound- 
ed of red and yellow, adj. scarlet. 

SCARP, s. The slope on that side 
of a ditch which is next to a for- 
tified place, and looks towards the 

SCATE. 8. A kind of wooden shoe, 
with a steel plate underneath, used 
to slide on the ice. y. scats; pr. par. 
seating ; past, icated, 

SCATE. s. A fish of the species of 

SCATTER. V. To throw loosely 
about ; to sprinkle ; to disperse ; 
to spread thinly, pr. par. scattering; 
past, scattered: adv. scatteringly. 

SCAVENGER, a. A person whose 
province is to keep the streets 
clean, more commonly employed 
to remove the dirt. 

SCENE. 5. The stage ; the general 
appearance of any action ; a dis- 
play ; part of a play. s. scenery: 
pi. sceneries: adj. scenic 

SCENT. 8. The power of smelling; 
the smell ; odour, good or bad. v. 
scent; pr. par. scenting; past, 
scented: adj. scentless. 

SCEPTIC. 8. See Seeptic 

SfJEPTRE. 5. The ensi?n of royalty, 
borne in the hand. adj. sceptered. 

SCHEiyULE. 8. A writini, addi- 
tional o* appendant; a small scroll; 
a little inventory. 

SCHEME, s. A plan ; a combination 

of various things in one view; a 

project ; a contrivance. ▼. scheme; 

pr. par. sduming; past, schemed: 

§ schemer 


SCHISM, s. A separation or division 
in the church of God. s. schismatic 
adi. schisinatical: adv. schismnti- 
callxf: V. schismaiixe; pr. par 
schtsmatizing ; past, schismatixed. 

SCHOL'AR. s. One who learns of i 
master; a disciple ; a man of let 
ters. adj. sdioiastic, scholastical . 
adv. scholasticaUy. 

SCHaUAST. s. A writer of ex 
planatory notes. 

SCHCLIUM. s. A note ; an explan* 
atory observation. * 

SCHOOL. 8. A house of discipline 
and instruction ; a place of literary 
education, v. school; pr. pai. 
schooling; past, schooled: s. school 

SCHOOL'FELLOW. s. One bred at 
the same school. 

SCHOOL'MAN. s. One versed in the 
niceties and subtleties of academi- 
cal disputation, pi. sdutolmen. 

SCHOOL'MASTER. s. A man whD 
presides and teaches in a school. 

SCThOOL'MISTRESS. s. a woman 
who governs a school, pi. school 

SCHOONER. 5. A small vessel with 
two masts. 

SCI'ENCE. s. Knowledge ; certainty 
grounded on demonstration; any 
art or species of knowledire. adi. 
scientij^.. ^ •' 

adj. I'roducing demonstrative 
knowledge; producing certainty. 

SCIM'ITAR. s. A short sword, with 
a convex edge. 

SCINTILLATE, v. To sparkle; te 
emit sparks, pr. par. scintillating 
past, scintillated: adj. scintillani 
s. scintiUatton. 

SCrOLISM. s. Suoerficial know 
ledge; not sound knowledge, s 

SCrON. s. A small twig, takei 
from one tree, to be engrafted in 
to another. 

SCIS'SORS. s. A small pair of shears, 
or blades movinsr on a pivot. 


SCO— sec 

Relating to the language or man- 
ners of the Sclavi, or people of 

SCOFF. V. To treat with insolent 
ridicule, or contumelious language, 
pr. par. scoffing; past, scoffed: s. 
scoff"^ scoffer: adv. scojffingly. 

SCOLD. V. To quarrel clamorously 
and rudely, pr. par. scolding; past, 
scolded: s. scoW, scolder^ scolding: 
adv. scoldingly. 

SCOI/LOP. *. A pectinated shell- 

SCONCE. 5. A fort ; a bulwark ; the 
head ; a pensile candlestick, gen- 
erally with a mirror to reflect the 
light. V. sconce; pr. par. sconcing; 
past, sconced. 

SCOOP, s. A kind of large ladle ; 
.1 vessel with a long handle, used 
to throw out liqiior ; a sweep ; a 
<troke. V. scoop; pr. par. scooping;\ 
oast, scooped: s. scooper. 

SCOPE. 5. Aim, intention, drift, 
room, space, liberty, license. 

SCOPULOUS. adj. Full of rocks. 

udj. Diseased with the scurvy, adv. 

SCORCH. V. To burn superficially, 
pr. par. scorching; past, scorched: 
V'.. scorch. 

SCORE, s. A notch or long incision ; 

1 line drawn ; an epoch; an era; 

debt imputed; sake; twenty, v. 

iscore; pr. par. scoring; past, 


SCORIA, s. Dross, recrement, adj. 

SCORN. V. To despise, to slight, to 
revile, to fontemn, pr. par. scorn- 
ing; pasi^ scorned: s.scom^scorner: 
adj. scornful: adv. scornfully. 

SCOR'PION. s. A reptile w'ith a ven- 
omous sting ; one of the signs of 
the zodiac. 

SC'OT. s. Shot, payment, parish pay- 

SCOT. s. A native of Scotland, adj. 
Scotch, Scottish: s. ScoHtcism. 

SC:or-FREE. adj. Without pay- 
ment, untaxed, unhurt. \ 


SCOUN'DREL. s. A mean rascal 
a low, petty villain. 

SCOUR. V. To rub hard with anf 
thing rough, in order to clean the 
surface ; to cleanse; to whiten ; to 
rove; to range, pr. par. scouring, 
past, scoured: s. scourer, 

SCOURGE, s. A whip, a lash, a 
punishmft>nt. v. scourge; pr. par. 
scourging; past, scourged: s. 

SCOUT, s. One who is sent privily 
to observe the motions of an en- 
emy. V. scout; pr. par. scouting, 
past, scouted. 

rCOW. s. A large flat boat. 

SCOWL. V. To frown ; to look an- 
^ry^ sour, or sullen, pr. par. scowl- 
t'lgr past, scowled: s. scowl: adv. 

SCRAB'BLE. v. To make unmean- 
ing or idle marks, pr. p5r. scrab- 
bling; past, scrabbled. 

SCRAG, s. Any thing thm or lean ; 
the small end of the neck. adj. 
scraggy: s. scrnggedness^ scrag- 

SCRAM'BLE. v. To catch at any 
thing, eagerly and tumultuously, 
with the hands; to catch with 
haste, pr. par. scrambling; past, 
scrambled : s. scramble, scrambler. 

SCRAP. 5. A small particle ; a littlo 
piece; a fragment; crumb. 

SCRAPE. V. To deprive of the sur- 
face, by the light action of a sharp 
instrument ; to erase, pr. par. 
scraping ; past, scraped : s. scrape, 

SCRATCH. V. To tear or mark with 
slight incisions; to tear with the 
nails, pr. par. scratching; past, 
scratched : s. scratchy scratcher 

SCRATCH'ES. s. Cracked ulcers or 
scabs, in a horse's foot 

SCRAWL. V. To draw or mark 
irregularly or clumsilv. pr. par, 
scrawling ; past, scrawled: s. scrawl, 

SCREAK. V. To make a shrill or 
loud noise, pr. ^ar. &cr€iLk\tv%\'^'^^>, 

sC/lv— SC»R 


SCREAM V. To cry out shrilly, as' itnies: v. scrutinize; pr. par. »cm 
iu agony or terror, pr. par. scream* ; tinizing; past, scrutinized, 
ing; past, screamed: s. scream, ' SCRUTOi'RE. 5. A case of drawen* 
screamer. i| for writing. 

SCREECH. 9. To cry out as in ter- SCUD. v. To flee; to run away with 

roror anguish, pr. par. screeching; ^^ 
past, screeched: s. screechy pi. 

SCREEN. 9. Any thing that affords! the wind. 

precipitation, pr. par. scudding^ 
past, scudded. 
SCUD. s. A cloud swiftly driven by 

shelter or concealment, v. screen; 
pr. par. screemng; past, screened. 
SCREW, s. One of the mechanical 
powers. V. screw ; pr. par. screw- 
ing; past, screwed. 

SCRIBBLE, t;. To fill with artless 
or worthless writing; to write with- 
out use or elegance, pr. par. scrib- 
bling; past, scribbled: a. scribble^ 

SCRIBE. 5. A writer; a public no- 
tary ; a Jewish teacher or doctor 
of the law. 

SCRIMP, adj. Short, scanty. 

SCRIP. 8. A small bag; a satchel. 

SCRIPTURE. *. Writing; sncred 
writing; the Bible, adj. scrtptural. 

SCRIVENER, s. One who draws 
contracts; one who engrosses 
writings first drawn by a lawyer. 

SCROFULA, s. A depravation of 
the humours of the body, which 
breaks out in sores, commonly 
called the king's evil. 

SCROLL, s. A writing wrapped up. 

SCRUB. V. To rub hard with some- 
thing coarse and rough, pr. par. 
scrubbing; past, scrubbed. 

SCRUB, s. A mean fellow; any 
thing mean or despicable; a worn- 
out broom, adj. scrubby. 

SCRUF. 8. The same with scurf. 

SCRU'PLE. *. Doubt; difficulty of 
determination; perplexity; twenty 
grains, v. scruple; pr. par. scru- 
plint^; past, scrupled: s. scrupler. 

SCRUPULOUS, m/;. Nicely doubt- 
ful ; hard to satisfy in determina- 
tions of conscience ; captious, s. 

SCRV'TINY. s. Inquiry, search, ex- 
Ainiuatioa witn nicety, pi. scru- 

SCUFFLE, s. A confused quarrel 
a tumultuous broil, v. scujffle'; pr 
par. scuffling; past, scuj^^: s 

SCULK. V. To lurk in hiding places; 
to lie close, pr. par. sculking; past, 
sculked: s. scutker. 

SCULL. 5. The bone which incases 
and defends the head ; the arched 
bone of the head. 

SCULL. V. To propel a boat by 
ra^ans of a single oar, at the steriu 
pr. par. sculling ; past, sculled, 

jSCULL'CAP. 8. A head-piece; a 

j night-cap. 

SCUL'LER. s. A cock -boat; a boat 
in which there is but one rower ; 
one that rows a cock-boat. 

SCUL'LERY. s. The place where 
common utensils, as kettles or 
dishes, are cleaned and kept. pL 

SCUL'LION. *. The lowest domes- 
tic servnnt. 

SCULP'TOR *. A carver; one who 
cuts wood or stone into images. 

SCULPTURE, s. The art of carving 
wood, or hewing stone, into im- 
ages; carved work, v.sculptur-, 
pr. par. sculpturing; past, scul) 

SCUM. s. That which rises to tl e 
top of any liquor; the dross; the 
refuse, v. scum; pr. par. scum 
ming ; past, scummed : s. sctimmti 

SCUPPER, s. In a ship, a smaV 
hole in the side, above the deck, 
bv which water is discharged. 

SCURF, s. A kind of dry, miliary 
scab; any thing sticking on the 
surfice. adj. scurfy : s. scurfness. 

SCURRILOUS, arf;. GroeslvoppiH 
bnovia\ lewdly jocular, vile: low 

set)— SEA ■ 
fn/in«/^, ». scunilily, pi. 

SCUTCH-EON. I. The shield rep 
irraoridorBruDui}'. SeeEscuri 



, thnlloK 

ill grate; n quick pace. 

SCUT-TLK. ». To PMi hol«3 in the 

duck or aides or a ihip, for Lhe 

purpose of Einking her. pr- par. 

srtillling! pul, scvlUid. 

ii£\. t. The Mem ; the water ; a 

SKA'UOARD. 1. The land near lhe 

SEA'BOAT. ». A v«m1 oapablo of 

Sl^ABR^E. ). Wind blowiof 

SEA-CALF. sJ The seal. pi. ma. 

SEA'Co'aL. s. Coal, so called, nol 
becauae fotind in the >qa, but be 
'.auae brought to London by aen 

SEA COAST, i. Shore; edge of the 

SE.V^OMPASS. a. The card anc 

PlECE. t 

: any thUi( 


'ROVEEL 1. Apirate. 
'SERVICE. I. Service at K>. 
SEA'-SHORE. i. The cout of tba 

SEA'SICK. (utj. Sick, ai new to; 

r> on lhe teL 
SEA'-SIDE. 1. The edge of the MfB. 
SEA-TERM. >. A word of art uaod 

.SEA'WOBTHY. adj. Fit to go t» 
■ ; applied to a abip. a. Bauor- 

SEAL. s. The aea-calf. 
SEAL. 1. A stamp engraved ivilh ■ 


FARING, adj. Tra. 

_ .__rofthedii 

SCA-GULL 1. A bird i 

FEA'HORSE. 5. A kind of 6sh. 
SEAIHAN. ». A nilor, a navigaloi 

tGA-MEW. (. A fowl Ibal frequent 


ing*,- paat, aaled £• Bta 
SEA L'lNG-WAT, t Hard i»a: 

SEAM. I. The auturn whe 
two edge, uf cloth are aeu 

pr.par. Kuming-,- paat; > 

SEA'POV. J. See Swot. 

SEAR. V. To burn, lo cauterlie. 
pr. par. searing; part, aeared. 

SEARCH. V. To examine, lo pi- 
plnre, to LdqulK. pr. par. sparcV 
in^; pasl.jHircW; a. search, pi 

SEA'SON.' J. One of the four parts 
the jeir ; a fit time. adj. itn- 
abU-- adT. maanably . a. aa- 

SEA'SnN. V. To mil with ftiod anj 

lSUlT. 1. li. dloia-, M1.1 -Ct^™ 


which one may sit. v. xai; pr. 
par. seating; past, seated. 

SECE'DE. V. To withdraw from; to 
leave, pr. par. seceding; past, se- 
ceded s. seceder, secessioji. 

SECLU'DE. V. To confine from ; to 
shut up apart, pr. par. MC^iuitii^ ,*^ secluded: s. sedusion, 

SECOND, adj. The next in order to 
the fir^ ; next in order or dignity, 
adj. secondary: adv. secondly^ sec- 

SECOND, s. One who accompanies 
another in a duel; one who sup- 
ports or maintains; th.e sixtieth 
part of a minute, v. second; pr. 
par. seconding; past, seconded. 

SE'CRET. adj. Hidden, not reveal- 
ed, concealed, retired, s. secrecy^ 
secret: adv. secretly. 

SECRETARY, s. One intrusted with 
the management of business; one 
who writes for another, pi. secre- 

SECRETE. V. To hide; to conceal; 
to separate, pr. par. secreting; past, 
secreted: s. secretion: adj. secretory. 

SECT. s. Men united in certain te- 
nets, s. sectary^ pi. sectaries. 

SECTA'RIAN. adj. Belonging to 
sectaries, s.sectarian^ sectarianism. 

SECTION, s. The act of cutting or 
dividing; a part divided from the 
rest. adj. sectional. 

SECTOR, s. A geometrical instru- 

SECULAR, adj. Not spiritual; re- 
lating to the affairs of the present 
world, s. secularity^ secularization: 
▼. secularize; pr. par. secularizing; 
past, secularized: adv. secularly. 

SECU'RE. adj. Free from fear ; ex- 
empt from terror; confidential; 
■afe. V. secure; pr. par. securing; 
past, secured: adv. securely: s. 
security y pi. securities. 

SEDAN' s. A kind of portable coach; 
a ch.iir. 

SEDA TE. adj. Calm, quiet, unruf- 
rfod. adv. sedately: s. sedateness: 
ndi. .Ke<fathe. 
SEITENTARY. adj. Wanting mo- 


tion or action ; inactive, s. seden- 

SEDGE, s. A growth of narrow flags, 
a narrow flag. adj. sedgy. 

SED'IMENT. s. That which settles 
at the bottom. 

SEDITION, s. A tumult, an insur- 
rection, adj. sedithus: adv. sedt 
tiously : s. seditionary^ pi. seditianf 
aries, sedifiousness. 

SEDU'CE. V. To draw aside from 
the right ; to tempt ; to corrupt, 
pr. par. seducing; past, seduced: 
8. seducer^ seductioti : adj. seductive^ 

SED'ULOUS. adj. Assiduous, indus- 
trious, diligent, adv. seditiously: 
s. sedulousness. 

SEE. s. The diocese of a bishop. 

SEEL V. To perceive by the eye; to 
observe, pr. par. seeing; past, seen, 

SEED. s. The orgranized particle 
produced by plants and animals, 
from which new plants and ani- 
mals are generated, v. seed; pr. par. 
seeding; past, seeded: s. seedling, 

SEEiyPEARL. s. Small grains of 

SEEDS'MAN. s. One who sells seed, 
pi. seedsmen. 

SEEK. V. To search for ; to solicit 
pr. par. seeking; past, sought: s« 

SEEM. V. To appear; to make a 
show ; to have semblance, pr. par. 
seeming; past, seem£d: adv. seemr 
tngly : s. seemingness. 

SEEM'LY. adj. Decent, becoming, 
fit. zdv. seemly : s. seemliness. 

SEER. s. A prophet ; one who fore* 
fspps future events. 

SEE'SAW. s. A reciprocating mo- 
tion. V. seesato; pr. par. seesaunng, 
prist, seesawed. 

SEETHE. V To bou; to be hot. 
pr. par. seething; past, stethed. 

SEG AR', CIGAR', s. A littie roll of 
tobacco, smoked without a pipe. 

SEG'MENT. s. A figure cortainea 
bf^tween a chord and an arc of a 
circle, or so much of a circle as is 
\\ cut o^ \iN XWX. cViftxd. 


SE'dREGATE. v. To set apart ; to 
separate, pr. par. segregating; 
past, segregalea: s. segregation. 

SEI'GNIOR. 8. A lord ; the title of 
honour given by Italians. 

SKI GNIORY. s. A lordship, a terri- 
tory, pi. seigniories. 

SEIi^E. 5. A large net, used in fish- 

SEIZE, t;. To take hold of; to grasp ; 
to take by force, pr. par. setzir^ ; 
past, seized : s. seizure. 

SLL'DOM. adv. Rarely, not often. 

SELECT. V. To choose in prefer- 
ence to others rejected, pr. par. 
selecting; past, selected: adj. select: 
8. selection, selectness. 

SKLENOG'RAPH Y. s. A description 
of the moon. 

SELF. One of the pronouns, pi. 
selves: adj. selfsame. 

SELFISH, adj. Attentive only to 
one's own interest, adv. selfishly: 
8. selfishness. 

SELL. V. To give for a price; to 
vend. pr. par. selling; past, sold: 
a. seller. 

ed^e of cloth, &,c. adj. sehedged. 

SEM BLANCE. s. Likeness, resem- 

SEMi. s. A word which, used in 
composition, signifies half. 

SEM'l BREVE, s. A note in music, 
containing half the quantity of a 

SEM'ICIRCLE. s. Half a circle. 
ndj. semicircular. 

SEM'ICOLON. s. Half a colon (;). 

SEMIDIAM'ETER. s. Half a diame- 

SEM'IMETAL. s. A half metal ; an 
imperfect metal. 

SEM'INAL. adj. Belonging to seed; 
contained in the seed. 

SEM'IN \RY. 8. A seed plot ; a place 
of eaucation. pi. semintiries. 

SEM'IQUAVER. s. A note in mu- 
sic, containing half the quantity of 
a quaver 


SEM^IVOWEL.*. A consonant which 
makes an imperfect sound they 
are six in number, f, 1, m, n, r, s. 

SEN'ATE. s. An assemblv of coun- 
sellors, who share in tne govern 
ment; a parliament, s. senator r 
adj. senatorial. 

SEND. V. To despatch, to commit 
sion, &.C. pr. par. sending; past 

SENES'CENCE. ». The state of 
growing old ; decay. 

SEN'ESCHAL. *. The judge of 
certain court of justice. 

SE'NILE. adj. Relating or belonging 
to old age. s. senility. 

SE'NIOR. s. One older than another. 
8. seniority, pi. seniorities, seniory^ 
pi. seniortes. 

SEN'NA. s. A kind of medicinal tree. 

SENNIGHT, s. The space of seven 
nights and days ; a week. 

SENSATION, s. Perception by the 

SENSR *. Faculty of perceiving; 
perception by the senses ; under- 
standing, meaning, import, adj. 
sensible: s. sensibility: adv. sen-n* 
bly: adj. senseless: adv. senseless- 
ly: s. senselessness. 

SEN'SITIVE. adj. Having sense or 
perception, but not reason ; easily 
affected, adv. sensitively. 

SENSaRIUM. *. The part where 
the senses transmit their percep- 
tions to the mind; the seat of sense. 

SEN'SUAL. adj. Pleasing to the 
senses ; carnal, s. sensualist, ten- 
suality: adv. sensually. 

SEN'TENCE. s. Determination or 
decision, as of a jnd^^e ; doom ; a 
maxim ; a short paragraph, v. sen 
fence.; pr. par. sentencing; past 

SENTENTIOUS, adj. Short ano 
energetic, adv. ^ententiously : s. 

SENTIENT, adj. Perceiving, hav- 
ine perception. 

SENTIMENT, s. Thought, noti.m^ 


«?LN— SER 

BEN'TI:;EL, sentry. «. One who 
watches or keeps guard to prevent 
surprise, pi. sentinels^ sentries. 

SEPARABLE, adj. Susceptive of 
disunion, s. separability. 

SEPARATE. V. To divide into parts; 
to disunite, pr. par. separating; 
past, separated: auj. separate; adv. 
separately: s. separation^ separator. 

BETOY. *. An Indian native, who 
is a soldier in the infantry of the 
East India Company. 

SEFTAiYGULAR adj. Having sev- 
en corners or angles. 

SEPTEMBER, s. The ninth month 
•f the year. 

SEPTEiYNlAL. adj. Lasting seven 
years ; happening once in seven 

SEPTENTRiaNAL. adj. Northern, 
s. septentrionality. 

SEPTIC, adj. Having the power to 
promote putrefaction. 

SEPTILATERAL, adj. Having sev- 
en sides. 

SEPTUAGEN'ARY. adj. Cor.sisting 
o sevcntv. 

SEPTUAGES'IMA. s. The third 
Sunday before Lent. 

SEPTUAGINT. s. The ancient 
Greek version of the Old Testa- 

SEPTUPLE, adj. Seven times as 

SEPULCHRE. 5. A grave; a tomb, 
adj. sepulchral. 

SEPULTURE, s. Interment, burial. 

SEQUA'CIOUS. ad;. Following; at- 
tendant. 8. sequactousntss. 

SE'QUEL. s. Succeeding part ; con- 
spqtience ; event. 

SEQURS'TER. v. To separate from 
others, for the sake of privacy , to 
pal aside : to remove, p'. par. se- 
questering; past, sequestered. 

SEQUES'TRATE. v. To sequester; 
to separate ; to take away. pr. par. 
sequestrating; past, sequestrated: 
3. sequestration. 

SERA'GLIO. s. In the east, a house 
^or coiicublnes. pronounced se- 


SER'APH. s. One of the order of 
angels, pi. seraphim: adj. seraphic 

SEREN A'DE. s. Music or songs wito 
which ladies are entertained, by 
their lovers, in the night, v. Mrs 
node; pr. par. serenading; past, 

SERE'NE. adj. Calm, placid, q«tet. 
8. serene^ serenity : adv. serenely. 

SERF. s. A slave ; one bound to the 

SERGE, s. A kind of woollen clothe 

SERJEANT. ». A degree in law, 
next below a judge ; a petty offi 
cer in the army, &.c. a. sergemitry 

SE'RIES. s. Sequence, order, sue 

SE'RIOUS. adj. Grave, solemn, im 
portant. adv. seriously: s. serious 

SER'MON. 5. A discourse pronounc- 
ed by a divine. 

SE'ROUS. adj. Thin, watery, s. «*• 

SERPENT, s. A kind of venomous 

SERPENTINE, adj. Winding like a 
serpent ; curvilinear. 

SERRATED, adj. Formed with in 
dentures like the edge of a saw 
s. serration. 

SERVE. V. To work for ; to attend 
at command; to assist, pr. par. 
serving; past, served: s. servant^ 
service y servitude: adj. serviceahUi 
adv. serviceably. 

SER'VILE. adj. Slavish, mean, fawn- 
ing, adv. servilely: s. servility. 

LIAN. adj. Containing a foot and 
a half. 

SESS. 5. Rate; cess charged; tax< 
pi. sesses. 

SES'SION. s. The act of sitting; the 
space during which an assembly 

SET. t». To place; to put in any 
situation or place, &c. pr. par. set- 
ting; paat,»e<; adj. set: s. srt, setter, 

SETACEOUS, adj. Bristly. 

SET-OFF. s. Any counterbalance; 

w a ie<^OTXiTa^tida.tvQa s a decoration- 


SE'TON. 8. An issue; a rowel. 

SLTTEE'. 5. A long seat, with a 

SETTLE. V. To place in any cer- 
tain state; to establish; to fix. 
pr. par. settling; past, settled: s. 
settledmssy settlement^ settler. 

SEVEN, adj. Four and three, ordi- 
nal adj. seventh: adv. seoenthly : 
adj. sevenfold, 

SEV'ENTL^EN. adj. Seven and ten. 
ordinal adj. seventeenth. 

SEVENTY, ai;. Seven times ten. 
ordinal aA\. seventieth. 

SEVER. V. To part by violence , lo 
force asunder, pr. par. severing; 
past, severed : s. severance. 

SF.VERAL. adj. Different; distinct 
from one another; divers, adv. 
severally: s. severalty. 

SEVE'RE. adj. Sharp, censorious, 
rigorous, adv. severely: s. severity y 
pi. severities. 

dFW. V. To join by the use of a 
needle, pr. par. sewing; past, sew- 
ed: s. sewer, 

Sr^W'ER. s. A passage for water. 

5EX. s. The property by which any 
animal is male or female, pi. sexes: 
adj. sexual. 

Sl'XAGEN'ARY. adj. Threescore. 

SEXAGKS'IMA. *. The second Sun- 
day before Lent. adj. sexagesimal, 

SEXAN'GULAR. adj. Having six 
corners or angles. 

SEXEN'NIAL. adj. Lasting six years; 

hapnoning once in six years" 
SEX'TANT. s. The sixth part of a 

circle; an astronomical instrument. 

SEXTON. 5. An under officer of a 

SEX'TUPLE. adj. Sixfold. 
SHAB'BY. adj. Mean, paltry, adv. 

shabhily: s. shabbiness. 
SHACK'LE. V. To chain, to fetter, 

to bind. pr. par. shackling; past, 

shackled: s. shackle. 
T5TJAD. s. A kind of iish. 
SHADE. 8. The cloud or opacity 

made by interception of the light: 

darkness; obscurity, v. shade; pr. 


par. sJiading ; past, shaded: i 
shadiness: adj. shady. 
SHADTOCK. s. A kind of orange. 
SHAD'OW. s. The representation 
of a body by which the light •» 
intercepted ; opacity ; shade, v. 
shadow; pr. par. s/iadowing; past, 
shadowed: adj. shadowy. 
SHAFT, a. An arrow; the handle 
of a weapon ; the pole of a car- 
riage, &c. adj. shafted. 
SHAG. s. Rough hair ; a kind of 
cloth, adj. shaggy: s. shaggedness, 
SHA'GREEN. s. The skin of a kind 

of fish. 
SHAKEL V. To put into a vibrating 
motion , ♦n acitate. pr. par. shak- 
ing; past, siuiken: s. shake^ shaker, 
SHALL. V. A defective verb. 
SHALLOON', s. A slight woollen 

SHAL'LOP. s. A small boat. 
SHALLOT, s. See Eschalot. 
SHAL'LOW. adj. Noi deep. s. shot- 

SHAM. D. To trick ; to cheat to 
doJude with false pretences, pr. 
par. shamming; past, shammed- 
8. sham : adj. sham. 
SHAM'BLES. s. The place wheia 

butchers kill or sell their meat. 
SHAM'BLING. adj. Moving avvk- 

wardly and irregularly. 
SHAME. 5. The passion felt when 
reputation is supposed to be lost ; 
ignominy; disgrace, v. shame ; pr. 
par. shaming; past, shamed: adj 
shameful^ shameless: adv. shame 
fvUy^ shamelessly: adj. shamefaced. 
SHAM'ROCK. s. A three-leaved 

SHANK. 8. The middle joint of tlie 

log ; the handle. 
SHANTY, adp. Showy, giy. 
SHAPE, v. To form, to mould, pr 
p^r. shaping; past^shaped: s. shape, 
shapeliness: adj. shapeless^ shapely. 
SHARE. V. To divide, to part, to 
partake, pr. par. sharing; past, 
shared: s. share^ sharer. 
SHARK, s. A WvTv^u^ ^^. 
SHARP . adj . YL^^w^ ^xcvc. w"^^ ^>aN 




f. s.*Mrp,' pr. pur. sharpuigi SHELXi fi ARK. s. A kind of hickory 

pant, sharped: s. sharper^ sharp 
1USS: adv. sharply. 

SHARPEN. V. To make keen; to 
point; to edge. pr. par. sharpen- 
tng; past, sharpened. 

SHARP'-SIGHTED. adj. Having 
quick sight. 

SHARP-WITTED, adj. Having on 
acute mind. 

SHATTER. V. To break into pieces; 
to impair, pr. par. shattering; past, 

SHAVE, t;. To pare off with a ra- 
zor ; to pare close to the surface, 
pr. par. shaving} past, shaved: a. 
shavelings shaver ^ shaving. 

SHAWL, s. A part of modern fe- 
male dress. 

SHE The female pron. personal. 

^HKAF. s. A bundle of stalks of 
corn bound together, pi. sheaves. 

SHKAR. V. To clip or cut. pr. par 
shearing; past, sheared, shorn: s 
shears, shearer. 

SHEATH, s. The case of any thing; 
the scabbard, v. sheath, sheathe; 
pr. par. sheathing; past, sheathed. 

SHED. s. A shelter made of boards. 

SHED. v. To pour out; to spill, pr. 
phT. shedding ; pust, shed: a. shud- 

SHEEP, s. A species of animal, adj. 
sheepish: adv. sheepishly: s. sheep- 
ishness, sheepcot, sheepjbld, sheep- 

SHKER. adj. Pure, clear, unmingled. 

SHEET. *. Any thing broad and 
thin, such as linen or paper, v. 
sheet; pr. par. sheeting; psiSi, sheet- 
ed: s. sheeting. 

SHEET-ANCHOR, s. The largest 

SHEK'EL. 5. An ancient Jewish 

SHrX.P. s A board fixed against a 
wall, &c. to place things on ; a 
sand-bank or rock in the sea. pi. 
shelves'' adi. shelvy. 

SHELL, s. The external crust, v. 
sAe/// pr. par. shelling; past, shell- 
ti: adj shelli/: s. shellfish. \\ 

SHEL'TtiR. *. A cover from injury 

protection, v. shelter; pr. par. shel 

tering;ptiBt, sheltered: adj. shdter% 
SHEL'TIE. s. A Scotch pony. 
SHELVE t;. To place on shelvei ; 

to furnish with shelves ; to slope 

pr. par. shelving; past, sheloidt 

adj. shelving, shelvy. 
SHEPHERD, s. One who tends 

sheep, fern, shepherdess, pi. ship- 

SHERBET, s. A kind of drink. 
SHERIFF, s. An officer to whom 

id intrusted, in each county, tha 

execution of the laws. s. shriev- 

altyy the office or jurisdiction of a 

SHER'RY. s. A kind of Spanish 

SHIELD, s. A buckler; defence; pro 

tection. v. shield; pr. par. shield 

ing; past, shielded. 
SHIFT. V. To change place; tc 

change; to find some expedient 

pr. par. shifting; past, shifted: a 

shin, shifter t adj. shiftless. 
SHIL'LING. 5. A coin, equal to 12 

SHIN. s. The fore-part of the leg. 
SHINE. V. To glitter, to glisten 

pr. par. shining; past, shone. 
SHIN'GLE s. A thin board, to covci 

houses. V. shingle; pr. par. shinr 

gling; past, shingled. 
SHIP. s. A large vessel of burden, 

with sails, v. ship; pr. (>ar. ship* 

ping; past, shipped: s. shippings 

shipioreck, shipwright. 
SHIPBOARD, adv. In a ship. 
SHIRE, s. A division of a kingdon.; 

a cotmty. 
SHIRK. V. To practise mean or art 

ful tricks, pr. par. shirking; {»ast« 

SHIRT, s. The under garment of a 

man. v. shirt; pr. par. shirtingi 

past, shirted. 
SHIVER, t;. To break at once into 

many parts; to quake ; to tremble- 
pi. T^'dx. sKxDeiniig^,* past, shivered. 


SHOAL, s. A great multitude ; a 
throng; a shallow place, adj. shoal. 

SHOCK, s. CouHict; concussion; 
otl'ence ; a pile of sheaves of corn. 
V. shock; pr. par. shocking; past, 
shocked: adv. shockingly. 

SHOD. Fret, and past par. of the v. 
to shoe. 

SHOE. s. The outer cover of the 
foot. V. shoe; pr. par. shoeing; 
past, snod: s. shoer^ shoeblack^ 

SHONE. Fret, and past par. of the 
V. to shine. 

SHOOK. Fret, of the v. to shake, 

SHOOT. V. To discharge any thing, 
so as to make it Hy with speed or 
violbuce ; to strike with any thing 
shot. pr. p;ir. shooting; past, «Ao<.* 
8. shoot^ shooter. 

SHOF. s. A place in which goods 
are sold by retail -, a place for work. 
V. shop; pr. par. shopping; past, 
shopped: s. shopper^ slwpboard^ 
shopkeeper^ shopman^ pi. shopmen. 

SHOF'LIFTER. s. One who, under 
pretence of buying, steals goods 
out of a shop. 

SHORE. Pret. of the v. to shear. 
past par. shorn. 

SHORE, s. The coast of the sea ; 
the bank of a river ; a drain ; the 
support of a building, v. shore; 
pr. par. shoring; past, shored. 

SHORT, adj. Not long ; defective ; 
scanty, v. shorten; pr. par. short- 
ening; past, shortened: adv. sfiort- 
ly: s. shortness: adj. shortlived^ 

SHORTHAND. *. A method of 
writing in compendious charac- 
ters ; stenography. 

SHOT. Pret. and past par. of the v. 
to shoot. 

SHOT. s. The act of shooting ; the 
missile weapon emitted by any in- 

SHOULD. Pret. or the V. sJiall. 

SHOUL'DER. 5. The joint which 
connects the arm to the body. v. 
shoulder; pr. par. shouldering; past, 


SHOUT, s. A loud cry of triumph 

or exultation, &c. v. shout: pr. 

par. shouting; past, shouted: a, 

SHOVE, t;. To push. pr. par. «Ao4> 

mg*; past, shoved: s. shove. 
SHOVEL, s. An instrument for lift- 

ing earth, &,c. v. sfiovel; pr. par. 

shoveling; past, shoveled. 
SHOW. V. To exhibit to viow; to 

prove, pr. par. showing; past, 

shoum: s. show: adj. shmoy. 
SHOWER. *. A fall of rain; a 

storm of any thing, falling thick. 

v. shower; pr. par. showering^ 

past, showered: adj. showery 
SHRED, v. To tear mto small pieces. 

pr. par. shredding; past, shredded- 

s. snred. 
SHREW, s. A peevish, malignant^ 

clamorous woman, adj. shrewish • 

adv. shrewishly: a. shrewishness 
SHREWD, adj. Cunning, smart 

adv. shrewdly: s. shrewdness. 
SHRIEK, v. To scream, pr. pw . 

shrieking; pnsty shrieked: s. shriek. 
SHRIEVALTY. 5. The office of « 

sheriff, pi. shrievalties. 
SHRILL, adj. Sounding with a pierc- 
ing, tremulous, or vibratory sound. 

8. shrillness: adv. shrilly. 
SHRIMP. *. A small fish. 
SHRINE, s. A case in which some 

thing sacred is deposited. 
SHRINK. V. To contract ; to shrivel 

pr. par. shrinking; past, shrunk. 

SHRIVEL. V. To contract into wrin 
kles. pr. par. shriveling; past, 

SHROUD, s. A dress for the dead; 
a shelter: the ropes which sup- 
port a mast. v. shroud; pr. par. 
shrouding; past, shrouded. 

DAY. 5. The day before Ash-Wed- 
nesday, or Lent. 

SHRUB, s. A bush; a small tree; a 
kind of iirink. s. shrubbery^ p^ 

SHlR\3G. d. To «Tv^^«a V"5krtw w 
1 dissaWa^acXivotv \^ lanJCvQ.^ ^^'^ 

thoulaen. pr. pur. ahruggtng;". 

BHHlf.NK. i^rK.andpaat|ur.althel 

SHUU-DLFt. V. To qnalie with fear, 
or avrrdlnn^ pr. pnr. sfiiiddfritigi 
pnil, afiuJifered: fe. thvdder, 

SHUPFLE. D. Tolhmw IdIo duor 
dur; In play mean llicki; to evade, 
pf. pur. ihajling; paac, (Au^i 
■. a*i;^, nhvmia: 

SHU.N. B. To Dvuld; to endetnxii 
toe«a|ie. pr.»Aun«iii^;p»it, 

SHUT. ». To cloiE lo confino to 
eiclude. nr. par. lAuffii^ ,- put, 
ihul, •.iKuller. 


SHliTTLiaoCR. ». A cotk ttuok 

ward and forward. 
SHY. ,^j. Wary, oautfDiis, merTcd. 

adr. fhyh .- s. thyruu^ 
fWrLANT. o^'. HiMlng. a.hNIa- 

SID'VL. 1. A propholeaa un. 

filCK. Wi'. Afflirl 
dligoBled. < ' 

V. nnd adj. sickly. 


iftrHl bv tho rtba; edfe; parLv; 

({inina.'iij. tidt! *. nA,- pr.par. 

aiiag! pait, riiM. 
SIDETEJOARD. t. Ths aidi-tabte on 

wWcli FtTiTenienciM are placed. 
jtbB'LorJG. B<6'. I^lenil, oblique. 


4lDI'rSlM)0r,E f. A iTnm<in'B«ulclle. 

prair-; an one aide. 
SVOLZ. a. To ga wilh the uds fore- 

moiit pr. nar. sidling ; past, aidltd. 
SIEGE. 1 Ttin act uf bcaetting a 

A boiler; hair, &c. MKiic 

SIFT.'d. To aepiralB by a iieve 
SlCFt. V. To cniil the btealh iiiidt 
] biy, u in grier. pr. par. J^nff; 

Slit, aigh^: *. cIeA. 
HT. I. Perceiiiion by Ihe evej 
I view, &c. adj. nghtlas, tiehUji 
I t. aighttincst. 

SIGN. «. A toheo; tlint bj whicb 


V. afpti pr- par. tigniAgi pait, 

I tigrud; 1. jigntr. 

SIG'NAI. I. Notics Diren by ■ tign 

J V. tigjtntat! pr. pur. at^tuditing 

pait, iienfiliud.. adv. sirnallv, 

SI&NATURE. a. A .ibii Or mirl-. 

I amongjl printera, a letter or niim- 

, preai. i>r. par. jiFBi/V'"?.- pal. 
1 ng'iySeJ: a. tigntficattm! adj «(f 

Sl'GNIOR. 1 A title or hnni-ii 

' amoagst Iha lialinnii with 1U 

Turka, ths grand signior it Iha 

SrLENCE. I. Siillren, tacitumitj, 

aMfECy. Y. n7«iee; pr. par. ailnir- 
ing-; pn»t,3iienced: adj. dtail: 30^. 

.SILraiOUK ndj. ParUking of Ihe 

I n»ti.roorflii,l. 

'SILK. a. The thread of a <-en»a 

SII.K'MRRCRR. I, A dealer in ailk. 
;S1LI. >. Thn foot ofa donr^ao, An 
,S1L1.ABUB. J. A linnor made of 
I milli nnd winp,nr eider and aiH-ar 
;S1I;LY. -.■(/. Fooli.h. aimple, w. ik 
^ aAv !,lllit>j ..nlDuu. 


SlU VAN adj. Woody: full of woods; 
belonging to a wood. 

SI L' VEK. 5. One of the metals, v. sil- 
ver; pr. par. tilvering; past, sil- 
vered: adj. silvery: s. silversmith. 

SIM'ILAR a(/;. Resembling. B.sim- 
ilarity^ pi. similarities: adv. simi- 

SSIM'ILE. s. A comparison by which 
any thing is illustrated, pronounc- 
ed sim'-il-e. 

SLMIL'ITUDE. s. Likeness, resem- 
bli'Jicf^, comparison. 

SIM'MER. V. To boil gently, pr. 
par. simmering; past, simmered. 

SI'MONY. s. The crime of buying 
or selling church preferments, pi. 
simonies: adj. simoniacal: a. simxi- 
niac: adv. simoniacally. 

SIM'PER. V. To smile foolishly, pr. 
par. simpering; i>3.siy simpered : s. 
simper: adv. simperingly.' 

SIM'PI.E. adj. Single, uncompound- 
ed, artless, harmless, silly, b. sim- 
ple, simplicity: adv. simply. 

SIM'PLETOiN. s. A silly person. 

SIM'PLIFY. V. To render plain; to 
briii^ back to simplicity, pr. par. 
simpnjying, past, simplified: s. 

SIM'ULATE. V. To f«ign; to coun- 
terfeit, pr. par. simulating; past, 
simulated : s. simulation. 

SIMULTA'NEOUS. adj. Acting to- 
gether ; existing at the same time, 
adv. simultaneously. 

SIN. s. An act against the laws of 
God. v. sin; pr. par. sinning; past, 
sinned: adj. sinful: adv. sinfully: 
s. sinfulness, sinner. 

SINCE, conj. Because that, from the 
time that. prep, since. 

SINCERE, adj. Candid, honest, iin- 
corrupt. ndv. sincerely: a. sincerity. 

SINE. s. A term in geometry. 

SI'NECURE. s. An office which 
yields revenue, without any em- 

SIN'EW. *. A tendon ; the ligament 
by which the joints are moved, 
■idj. rineioed, sinewy. 

WNG r. To form tho voice to mel- 


ody; to articulate musically, pr 

par. singing ; past, sung: a. singtr, 

SINGE. V. To scorch, to burn slightly 

or superficially, pr. par. singing , 

past, singed: s. singe. 
SIN'GLE. adj. One; not double 

particular; alone, v. single; pi 

par. singling ; past, singled : s 

singleness: adv. singly. 
SING'SONG. 5. A coutemptuous ex 

Rrcssion, for bad singing. 
G'ULAR. adj. Si.'^gle; not plural, 

particular ; rare ; remarkable, s. 

singularity, pi. singularities: adv. 

SIN'ISTER. adj. Being on the left 

hand ; deceitful ; bad. adj. sinis- 

trous: adv. sinisirausly. 
SINK. V. To fall gradually; to le- 
I cline. pr. par. siwcing ; past, su^ik. 
'SINK. s. A drain; a place of filtl . 
SIN'UATE. V. To bend in and out 

pr. par. sinuating; past, sinuuttA. 

a. sinuation, sinuosity, pi. sinuoh 

ities: adj. sinuous. 
SIP. V. To drink by small draughts. 

pr. par. stpping; past, sipped: s. 

SI'PHON, SY'PHON. s. A p\\te 

through which liquors are coii 

SIR. *. A word of respect, to men , 

a title applied to a knight. 
SIRE. .«. A father ; a title given to 

a monarch. 
SFREN. 8. A goddess who enticod 

men bv singing. 
SIR'LOIN. 8. The loin of beef. 
SIR'NAME. *. The family name. 
SIHOC'CO. s. The south-east or Sy. 

rinn wind. 
SIR'RAH. 5. An appellatiop of re 

proach and insult. 
SIR'UP, SYRUP. 8. A vegetable 

juice, boiled with sugar. 
SISTER s. A woman bom of the 

same parents, adj. sisterly: a. siS' 

SISTER. IN-LAW. s. A husband or 

wife's sister. 


incubate, pr. par. siiting; past, 

SI TE. 5. Situation ; local position. 

SITUATION. 5. Position, condition, 

SIX. adj. Twice three, ordinal adj. 
siuih: adv. sixthly. 

SIXTEEN', adj. Six and ten. ordinal 
adj. sixteenth. 

SIXTY, adj. Six times ten. ordinal 
adj. sixtieth. 

SIZE. s. Bulk ; comparative magni- 
tude; any viscous or glutinous 
substance, v. size ; pr. par. sizing; 
past, sized. 

SIZ'ER, SER'VITOR. s. A certain 
rank of students in the university 
of Cambridge, and in some other 

SKATE, s. A sort of shoe armed 
with ii'on, for sliding on the ice. 
V. skate; pr. par. skating; past, 
skated: s. skater. 

SKATE, s. A flat fish. 

SKEIN, s. A knot of thread or silk, 
wound and doubled. 

SKEL'ETON. s. Bones preserved, as 
in their natural situation. 

SKEP. 5. A little coniform house 
for bees. 

assents or believes only af^er see- 
ing unquestionable evidence, adj. 
skeptical: Sidy. skeptically : a. skep- 

SKETCH. V. To draw a plan, by 
tracing the outline, pr. par. sketch- 
ing ; past, sketched : s. sketch. 

SKEVV'ER. 5. A wooden or iron pin, 
used to keep meat in form. v. 
skewer; pr. par. skewering; past, 

SKtFF. s. A small, light boat. 

SKILL, s. Knowledge of any prac- 
tice or art. adj. skiljttl^ skilled: adv. 
skilfully: s. shUfulness. 

SKIL'LET. s. A small kettle or 

SKIM. t;. To clear off from the up- 
per part; to p.lida along, pr. par. 
sktmmifigf poAyif^,fnmea' a. shm- 
mer^ scum» 


SKIMMILK'. s. Milk from which 
the cream has been taken. 

SKIN. s. The natural covering of the 
flesh; a hide; a pelt; a husk, v 
skin ; pr. par. skinning; past, skin, 
ned: s. s/cinner^ skinniness: adj. 

SKIN'FLINT. s. A niggardly per- 

son : a very low word. 
SKIP. V. To pass by quick leaps; to 

bound lightly and joyfully, pr. par. 

skipping; past, skipped: s. skip^ 

SKIPPER, s. The captain of a small 

vessel ; a kind of worm. 

SKIR'MISH. s. A slight fight; a con. 

test. V. skirmish; pr.par. skirmish. 

ing; .past, skirmished: s. skir» 

SKIRT. 8. That part of a garment 

which hangs loose below the waist; 

edge; margin, v. skirt; pr. par 

skirting; pKsi^ skirted, 

SKITTISH, adj. Shy; easily frigVt- 

ened; volatile, adv. skittishly s. 

SKITTLES, s. Ninepins. 
SKREEN. s. A riddle or coarse sieYe; 

a shade; shelter or concealment. 

V. skreen; pr. par. skreening ; pa A, 

SKULK. V. To hide ; to lurk in T^m 

or malice, pr. par. skulking; past, 

SKULL, s. The bone that encloses 

the head. 
SKULLCAP. 8. A headpiece. 
SKY. s. The region which appears 

to surround this earth beyond the 

atmosphere; the heavens, pi. skiea 

adj. skycoloured: s. skylark^ sky^ 

lights skyrocket. 

SLAB. s. A plane of stone; the out* 
side piece of timber, when sawed 
into boards. 

SLAB'BER. V. To daub when sop- 
ping; to smear with spittle, pr. 
par. slabbenng; past, slabber td- 
s. slahberer. • 

SLAB'BY. adf Thick; viscons; wet. 

iSLXl^\^. ojdi'. Not tense; relaxed, 



loose ; remiss, v. slacks Stacken } 
pr. par. slacking^ slackenmgf past, 
slacked^ slackemd: adv. slackly: s. 

Sl^ACK. s. Coal broken into small 

SLAIN. The past par. of the v. to 

SLAKE. V. To quench; to extinguish, 
pr. par. slaking ; past, slaked. 

BLAM. V. To push violently; to 
shut rudely, pr. par. 'slamming i 
past, slammed. 

slatternly woman; a trollop. 

SLAN'DER. V. To censure falsely ; 
to scandalize, pr. par. slandering; 
past, slanderea: s. slander^ slan- 
derer^ slanderousness : adj. slan- 
derous: adv. slanderously. 

SLANG. *. Vulgar cant. 

SLANT, adj. Oblique; not perpen- 
dicular. V. slant; pr. par. slanting; 
past, slanted: adv. slantwise. 

SLAP. s. A blow with the open hand. 
V. slap ; pr. par. slapping / past, 
slapped: adv. slapdash. 

SLASH. V. To cut; to lash ; to cut 
with long cuts. pr. par. slashing ; 
past, slashed: s. slash^ slasher. 

SLATE. 5. A kind of flat, fissile 
stone. V. slate; pr. ^wr. slating ; 
past, slated : a. slater. 

SLATTERN, s. A slovenly woman. 

SL'VUGHT'ER. s. Massacre; act 
of slaving, v. slaughter; pr. par. 
slaughtering; past, slauglitered : 
8. slaughterer^ slaughter-fumse. 

SLAVE. 3. One held to involuntary 
servitude, s. slavery, slavishness: 
adj. slaiHsh: adv. slavishly. 

SLWER. s. Spittle running from 
the mouth, v. slaver; pr. par. slav- 
ering; prist, slavered: s. slaverer. 

SLAV. v. To kill; to butcher, pr. 
nar. slaying; past, slayed: s. slayer. 

SLEIj, SLEDGE, s. a carriage drawn 
without wheels. 

SLEDCjE. s. a smith's large hammer. 

SLEEK, adj. Smooth, glossy, adv. 
sleekly: s. sleekness. 

Sl«ERP. V. To taJcerest, by suspen- 


sion of the mental and coinnnu 

powers ; to be motionless, pr. par. 

sleeping; past, slept: s. skip, sleeps 

er, sleepiness, sUeplessness : adj. 

sleepless, sleepy. 
SLEET, s. A kind of smooth, small 

hail or snow. v. sleet; pr. par. deei 

ing; past, sleeted: adj. sleety, 
SLEEVE, s. The part of a garment 

that covers the arms. 
SLEIGHT, s. Artful trick ; dextrous 

SLEN'DER. adj. Thin; small; not 

bulky; sparing, adv. Slenderly: s. 

SLEPT. Pret. and past par. of the ▼ 

to sleep. 
SLEW. Pret. of the v. to slay. 
SLEY. s. The frame which contains 

a weaver's reed. 
SLICE, v. To cut into flat pieces. 

pr. par. slicing; past, sliced: s. slice, 
SLIDE, v. To pass along smoothly ; 

to slip; to glide, pr. par. sliding, 

past, slid, slidden: s. slide, slider. 
SLIGHT, adj. Small, weak, worth 

less. s. slight ness: adv. slightly. 
SLIGHT. 5. Neglect; contempt; 

act of scorn ; artifice, v. slight; pr. 

par. slighting; past, slighted: s 

slighter: adv. slightingly. 
SLIM. adj. Slender, weak, slight, a 

SLIME, s. Viscous mire; any glu 

tinous substance, s. sliminess: adj 

SLING, s. A missive weapon, made 

by a strap and two strings^ a throw; 

a kind of hanging bandage, y. sling, 

pr. par. slinging; past, slung: s. 

SLINK. V. To steal ; to sneak out 

of the way. pr. par. slinking; past, 

slunk: adj. slink, produced beloiis 

its lime; unfed; applied to the 

young of a beast. 
SLIP. v. To slide; to glide; to sneak; 

to make a false step. pr. par. slip- 
ping; past, slipped: s. slip. 
SLIPPER. 8. A loose shoe. a-av^^V* 


S»L1— SLU 

affording firm footing, s. sUpperi- 

SLIPPY, adj. Slippery ; easily slid- 
ing. 8. slippiness. 

SLiP'SHOD. adj. Having the shoes 
not pulled up at the heels. 

SLIT. V. To cut longrwise. pr. par. 
slitting ; past, sUt : s. slit. 

SLl'VCK. s. A branch torn off. 

SLOATS. s. The under parts of a 

iiLOB'BER. V. To slaver; to spill 
ujion ; to slabber, pr. par. sloboer- 
i"'gi past, slobbered: s. shbberer: 
adj. slobbery. 

SLOE. 8. The fruit of the black thorn. 

SLOOP, s. A small nhip, commonly 
with one mast ; sUx^ of V3ar^ a 
small frigate, with three masts. 

SLOP. t>. To drink grossly and gree- 
dily; to soil by spilling liquor, pr. 
par. slopping; past, slopped: s. slop: 
adj. sloppy. 

SLOP-SHOP. s. A place where 
coarse,ready-made clothes a^e sold. 

SLOPE, s. An oblique direction ; de- 
clivity. V. slope; pr. par. sloping; 
\tnst^ shped: adv.slopingly. 

SLOTH, s. Slowness, laziness, idle- 
ness ; a kind of stupid animal, adj. 
slothful: adv. slothfully: s. sloth- 

SLOUCH. 5. An idle fellow; an un- 
gainly, clownish gait or manner. 
V. slouch; pr. pax. slouching ; past, 

SLOUGH, s. A deep miry place. 

SLOVEN, s. One dirtily or" carelessly 
dressed, s. slovenliness: adj. and 
adv. slovenly. 

SliOW. adj. Not swifl ; tardy, adv. 
slowly: s. sloioness. 

SLUDGE, s. Mire. 

SLUG. s. A kind of snail ; a piece 
of shapeless metal, to shoot from 
a gun. adj. sluggish: Vid\. sluggish- 
ly- s. sluggishness. 

SLUICE, s. A water-gate. 

SLUM'BER. V. To sleep lightly; to 
ffleep : to repose, pr. par. slumber- 
tngi past, slumbered: b. slumber,' 



SLUNG. Pret. and past par. of the 

V. to sling. 
SLUNK. Pret. and past par. of t ie 

V. to slink. 
SLUR. s. A faint reproach ; a sl'ght 

disgrace ; a slight : *n musi ;, a 

mark denoting a connexion of ont 

note with another, v. slur; pi. par. 

slurring ; past, slurred. 
SLUT. s. A dirty woman, adj. slut* 

tish: Sidy, sluttishly: a. sluttishness, 
SLY. od/. 'Meanly artful; secretly 

insidious; cunning, adv. slyly: s 


SMACK. V. To have a taste, or sa- 
vour ; to make a noise by separa- 
tion of the lips strongly pressed 
together, pr. par. smaddng , past 
smacked: s. smack. 

SMACK. *. A kind of shij). 

SMALL, adj. Little, slender, minute 
s. smallness. 

SMALL'CRAFT. *.Vescels less than 

SMALL'POX. s. A kind of eruptive 

SMALTS, s. A blue substance, used 
by bleachers. 

SMART, adj. Pungent, quick, acute, 
brisk. V. smart; pr. par. smarting, 
past, smarted: s. smarts smartTiess. 
adv. smnrtly. 

Superficial knowledge.s.wwrtcrer. 

SMEAR. V. To overspread with 

something viscous and adhesive ; 

to soil. pr. par. smearing; past, 

smeared: adj. smeary. 
SMELL. V. To perceive by the nose. 

pr. par. smelling; past, 5ine2/e<{.* a 

smelly smdler. 
SMELT. V. To melt ore, so as to 

extract the metnl. pr. par. stndi 

ing ; past, smelted : s. smelter. 

SMILE. V. To contract the face witk 
pleasure, pr. par. smiling; past, 
sm.iled: s. smile: adv. smilingly. 

SMIRK. V. To look aflVctedly 8of\ 
or kind. pr. par. smirking; past* 

SNVYY^. -o. *I^ %\.x^"fe\ Vtt VxWv to 


deatroy ; t 

It. pr. p>r. smiHitgi 

1. mitiitry, imithy. 
SMIITEN. P.« par. of Ihe t. Ic 

SHOCK. >. The under sannent or 

t woirwn ! n .hift. 
SMOCK'FACEO. adj. Beardlc^, 

SMOOTH, adj. Eion on the ,<,TfaBe; 

ing! pam, imoothtd: adi. tmaBihty: 
B. smoothnas- 
fiMOOTHTACED. adj. Mild look- 

SMOf K. V. Pfct. of the ••'. la innUe. 
SMOTH'CR. 0. par. 

amothertng ; paat, smDihered. 
SMOUUDEBIHG. for. adj. Butuing 

and emoking without •eiit. 
EMUG. adj Ifice; iprure; dreiaed 

with eSeclation of uiceneii. s. 

SM U&^E. V. To import or eiporl 
gnodi, without payiiiff Iha cub- 
toma. pr. par. mrny^Bne-,' paal, 
tmugglcd: a.smaggliT. 

SMUT. I. A spot made with aoot 

SNACK, a. A shanii a part takri 
by compact i a alight, hastvrepatt 

S.'VAF'FLE.I.Abriaie whichcrossei 
Iho nnae. 

SNAG. I. A isg, or ihort pmlober 
*DCe; in the United Stetea, ihi 

with ita top towards the atr^ani. 

SNAIL. I A kind of alimy anitoal. 

SNAKE. > A apecies o( serpent. 

SNAKPROOT. J. A ipeciea orpliml 

SN ^ P. B. To break at once ; to hrcal 

■hurt ; to bite auddenlr. pr. par 

maj^iigi pasUmamtii i. aiBit 


SNECK. J. The la 
SNEER, o " 
looke ; u 

STiapptr, ji 

tpfiihiaa r adj. nxif 

SNAPDBAGON- »- A kind of plant. 

SNARE, s. A (in, a ret, a trap, ■ 

pr. par. tnannti 

S;4"arL e. To growl aa an angry 
.niinal;tOEflarli toontangle. pK 
lar. snarbngi pait, nuWai.- a. 

SNEAK. B.Tocreep>lyly;tci 

it by 

V, anfflrti«Jy. 

EZE. V. To emit wind audibly 
bj ijiB nose. pr. pat. snttimg; past, 

SNIP. a. To cat at once with acia- 
sora. pr. par. nupinng'; paM, imp- 
.prd: 3.smf,tmfper. 
INIKE. a. A small fowl of game. 
hPflVEl, M. Torunatthenoie;to 
cry aa a child, pr. par. anlKUng, 
past, J7u'w(edj a. iniMter. 
SNORE B, To breathe hard Ihrough 

SNOUT. i.TliDno>eorabeagt;t!M 
noAe. adj. tnoulti. 

SNOW. 1. Smill particles of water, 
jnoHi,- pr. par. mmang; owt, 
laid: ndj. itumy.- t. suaiDbiiU. 

S^OW■DRO^. >. An enrly flowei. 

smJUNOSEn, adj. Huto^ v «<*. 


candle ; powdered tobacco, to be 

taken up the nose. v. snuff; pr. 

par. snuffing; past, snuffed: g. 

muffer^ sniffers . 2idj. sniffy. 
SNUPFLE. V. To spoak or breathe 

liard through the nose. pr. par. 

snuffling; past, sntffUd: s. srnffUr. 
SNUG. o^/. Close; free from any 

inconvenience, adv. snugly: s 

SO. One of the adverbs. 
SOAK. V. To steep, to drench, pr. 

par. soaking; past, soaked. 
SOAP. s. A substance used in wash- 
ing, adj. soapy: s. soapiness^ soap 

SOAR. V. To fly alofl; to tower. 

pr. par. soaruig; past, soared: s. 

SOB. V. To sigh convulsively, in 

weeping, &,c. pr. par. sobbing; 

past, sw)bed: s. sob. 
SO'BER. adj. Temperate; not drunk; 

serious; solemn, adv. soberly: s 

sobriety. ^ 

SO'CIABLE. adj. Inclined to com> 

pany; friendly; familiar, s. soda- 

oility^ pi. sociabilities f sociableness. 

adv. sociably. 
SOCIAL, adj. Fit for society ; com- 
panionable. 8. sociality: adv. so 

SOCI'ETY. s. Union of many in one 

general interest; community; com 

pany. pi. societies. 
SOCIN'IAN. s. A follower of the 

doctrines of Socinut. adj. socinian: 

s. socinianism. 
SOCK. s. Something put between 

the foot and shoe ; the shoe of the 

ancient comic actors. 
SCKIK'ET. s. Any hollow pipe, that 

receives something inserted; the 

receptacle of the eye. 

After the manu^f or doctrine of 

SOD. 5. A turf, a clod. 
SaOA. s. A fixed alkali. 
SODDE!S. Pa.stpar. of the v. /oscei^c. 
SOLVER. One of the adverbs. 
SO'FA s. AAindofseat. 


SOFT. adj. Not hard ; ductile; sim- 
ple ; gentle, v. soften; (pronounc* 
ed sof'-n;) pr. par. softening; past, 
softened: adv. softly: s. sqfUner. 

SOHO*. ijit. A form of calling from 
a distant place. 

SOIL. V. To foul, to pollute, to sul- 
ly, pr. par. soiling; past, soUtd 
s. soil. 

SOIL. s. Ground ; earth, considered 
in relation to its vegetative quali 

SOJOURN'. V. To dwell any where 
for a time. pr. par. sojourning i 
past, sojourned: s. sojourn^ so- 

SOL' ACE. V. To comfort, to cheer 
pr. par. solacing; past, solaced: a 

SOL'ANDER. s. A disease in horses. 

SO'LAR. adj. Relating or belonging 
to the sun. 

SOLD. Pret. and past par. of the v. 
to sell. 

SOLD'ER. V. To unite or fasten witk 
metallic cement, pronounced so<f 
der. pr. par. soldering; past, sol- 
dered : 8. solder, solderer. 

SOL'DIER. *. One who tights for pay 
a warrior, adj. soldierlike, soldierly 
8. soldiery. 

SOLE. s. The bottom of the foot; 
the bottom of the shoe; a kind of 
fish, v.sole; Y>r. par. soling ; past, 

SOLE. adj. Single ; only. adv. solHy. 

SO'LECISM. *. An impropriety in 

SOL'EMN. adj. Religiously grave « 

awful ; formal, s. solemnity, pi. m> 

lemnities: adv. solemnly. 
SOL'EMNIZE. V. To dignify by par- 

ticular formalities; to celebrate. 

pr. par. solemnizing; past, solem 

nized : s. solemnization. 
SOLICIT. V. To importuv; to im- 

plore; to ask. pr. par. soUcitingf 

past, solicited: s. solidiationj soli' 

ISClA'CVTOVi^. oaj. \Kvvwia., care- 


fal, conceriied. ^dw, solicitously : 

B. solicitude, 
SOLID, adj. Not fluid; compact; 

strong, s. solid^ solidity^ pi. solidi' 

ties: adv. solidly. 
SOUDUNG'ULOUS. adj. Whole- 

SOLIL'OQUY. s. A discourse made 

by one, in solitude, to himself, pi. 

soliloquies : v. soliloquize ; pr. par.