Skip to main content

Full text of "The last age of the Church"

See other formats

BR 270 .W8 1840 

The last age of the Church 

This is an authorized facsimile of the original 
book, and was produced in 1 973 by microfilm- 
xerography by University Microfilms, A Xerox 
Company, Ann Arbor, Michigan, U.S.A. 


HajSt 3gr of tftr Cburrh. 


Now first Printed 

jfiom a ittimustrfpt 

In the 




Fellow of Trinity College, and Treasurer of St. Patrick's Cathedral. 



JAN 17 1989 





» s 



JAN 19 1942 

n Cfje preface* 

Well known popular Writer 
on the History of theChris- 
r 3> tian Church has given it as Milnfr. 

Hist of the 

his Opinion, that whoever Church, vol. 

iv. p. J2I. 
will carefully examine the original Records, Lond. 1819. 

will soon be convinced that the Merits of 
Wychfffe^ as a Reformer, have been con- 
siderably exaggerated. I low far this is 
true or not, the Writer of these Rages will 
not attempt to determine ; hut certain it is, 

vi The Preface. 

that to " examine the original Records," 
with a View to discover the real Doctrines 
ami Opinions of IVycluffe, is much more 
easily said than done; and the Header 
»lH***t*:*l*> fur SnH^SiiL^.m from iLe l*Soj£ni- 
pkers of die Ketormer y or from tlie I ££+&»- 
rians of the Period, will soon be convinced 
that the original Records, and above all, 
the *till remaining Writings of Wyclyffe 
and his followers, have never been ex- 
amined with the Care and Attention ne- 
cessary for the Purpose of forming a just 
La ti mate of his Opinions, ami of the Merit 
of his Efforts at a Reformation of the 

The List of JVyclyffes Writings pub- 

Tit* Pnjiut. vii 

lished bv Bishop Bait, in his Work, Scrij*- (>nt. »l p. 


tor urn Majoris Drytannia: CataloyuSy has 
been necessarily made the Ba>is of all that 
^ulr^ecjut-ut Writers have collected. ItTWlhr^uf 

tin Ldr 4d 

8h2h, ftrtttttu m^ra!u2ifci^« wiiitt aatifflT sustifvuil sus- A** m*':w„ 

Did*, b* 
dItions y bv tfie learned and mcletuiurible /•</<* £*»**, 

J MA. Oxf. 

./0///1 Leiria, of whose Labours every 1S20. 
Student must speak with Gratitude. Mr. Memoir* of 

r, , i i i i i . • /r " / '/ B * 

llumr also lias done much toward* agisting ii,<. iu». 

future Inquirer^ by the very valuable /„ r< m,v 

List of the Reformer's Writings that he i*jo. 

has compiled. Here, however, we must 

stop; Mr. Vuwjharis Compilation has The Life 

of Jonn fit 

not added much to our Knowledge of Wyciije, 

D.D. By 

the Subject, nor can it be commended jz vw 

fa . ham. 

either for Accuracy or Learning; and L,nJ. 1S31. 
b 2 

V1 » The Preface. 

The Life of Mr. Le Bas does not profess to do more 
c 'hat. ir. l» than follow his Predecessors. His hum- 
Lund. 1832. bier Task, however, has been executed 
with great Elegance and Judgment. 

The Truth, therefore, is, that until the 
Works of Wychjffc, real and supposititious, 
be collected and published, it is vain to 
talk of determining his Opinions, or fixing 
his real Merits as a Reformer ; and it is 
with the Hope of directing Attention to 
this Subject that the following Tract 
Appendix is now printed. The learned Hcnru 

au His tor. J 9 

Litterar. ci. Wharton was willing: to believe that all 

V. Gut. to 

Cave. vol. H. the Writings of Wycluffe might in his 

own. 1743. Time have been recovered : "omnia Widen* 

scripta" he says, « in Anglia ad hue deli- 

The Preface, i* 

tescerc, et ex Dibliothecis nostris qua pub- 
licis qua privatis in lucem erui posse, 
lubenter crederem." Perhaps we have 
still all the MSS. that existed in Whar- 
ton's Time, and it may he still within our 
Power to rescue them from the Oblivion 
in which they have so long been suft'ercd 
to remain. But the Chances of their De- 
struction are every Day becoming greater, 
and Delay in such an Enterprizc is highly 
dangerous. It is true that many of these 
Documents will be found dry, and to the 
popular Reader uninteresting; buried in 
the barbarous Latinity of the Schools, or 
concealed under the perhaps still more ob- 
solete English of the fourteenth Century. 

The Preface. 

But they who would engage in such a 
Labour as the Publication of the Works 
of IVycltJiffe, must be above the narrow 
Influences of modern Utilitarianism. They 
must keep in View a higher Field of Learn- 
ing than comes within the Sphere of Mer- 
cantile Speculators in Literature, or Useful 
Knowledge Societies. They must feel 
that the Value of these Documents as 
Compositions, is but a secondary Object 
in their Publication ; the great End must 
be the Discovery of Truth, and the Pre- 
servation of the Remains of an illustrious 
Character in our History. What nobler, 
what more imperishable Monument could 
the Gratitude of England raise to her first 

The Preface, Xl 

Reformer, than a complete and uniform 
Edition of his extant Writings ? 

The Editor is fully sensible that the 
Tract which is now for the first Time given 
to the public, is very far from being a 
favorable Specimen of the Works of Wye- 
\\fffe. But it commended itself for Publi- 
cation on many Grounds : First, its Short- 
ness. Secondly, its early Date ; for it bean* 
internal Evidence of having been composed 

in the Year 1350", and must, therefore, (if Sec Pa t c 

really by n ychjffe,) have been the earliest 

of his Writings. Another Motive for pub- 
lishing this Production is furnished by the 
Consideration, that, if it be genuine, it 
reveals to us a Fact not dwelt upon, so far 

xii The Preface. 

as the Editor knows, by any of the Re- 
former's Biographers; namely, the Con- 
nexion which existed between the earlier 
Doctrines of Wyclyffe % and the propheti- 
cal Speculations of the Beguins, circulated 
under the Name of the famous Abbot 

It remains, however, to be proved, that 
the Tract now printed is really IVyclyjflVs; 
and this, the Editor admits, seemed to 
him an additional Reason for selecting it 
for Publication ; inasmuch as it served at 
once to raise the Question, How far we 
have certain Grounds for attributing to 
IVycliufle the Writings that exist under 
his Name; nor is it perhaps too much 

The Preface. xui 

to say, that this i9 a Subject which the 
learned World has never been in a Condi- 
tion to consider fully. Yet there is no 
preliminary Question more deserving of 
Attention, if we would form a just Es- 
timate of our Reformer's Merits ; for 
it must be evident to every reflecting 
Header, that if we are in any Degree un- 
certain of the Genuineness of such Wri- 
tings as are quoted under the Name of 
IVyclyffe, the Conclusions drawn from 
them, as to the Nature and Character of 
his Doctrines, must be in the same Degree 
uncertain, and destitute of Authority. 

In the present Case, the Grounds upon 
which the following Treatise has been as- 

The Preface. 

signed to Wyclyffe, are no more than 
these : — First, that it is found in a MS. 
Volume of the fourteenth Century, which 
contains several other Tracts, that are be- 
lieved to be Wyclyffe s. Secondly, that 
it has been ascribed to IVyclyffe, by Bishop 
Bale, Mr. Lewis, and, after them, by his 
more modern Biographers. 

These Remarks are not made with a 
Design to cast any Doubt on the Genu- 
ineness of the following Treatise. It is 
very probably by Wyclyffe, although we 
have no better Reason than the Authority 
of Bale for thinking so. But if any 
Reader should entertain a Doubt on this 
Subject, deeming the Tract unworthy of 

The Preface. xv 

our Reformer, (as many will doubtless feel 
it to be very different from what they 
would have expected from the Pen of 
Wyclyffey) the Editor must confess him- 
self unable to satisfy such Scruples; nor is 
he aware of any Argument by which the 
Authority of Bait- and Lewis can be sup- 
ported. The Conclusion, however, to 
which he desires to bring the Reader, and 
for the Sake of which he has hazarded 
these Remarks, is simply this, that until 
the various Treatises attributed to Wyclyffe 
are collected, and rendered accessible to 
the Learned, it is vain to think of deciding 
the Question how far any given Tract is 
worthy or unworthy of his Ren. 

w i The Preface. 

One other Particular, concerning the 

following Work, remains to be considered. 

i shan't Mr. Vawjhan tells us that "this is one'<e of . .. , , 1% , . . . 

H'ydiffe, ot the Keiormer s Pieces that is to be 
Hi. Note, found only in the Library of Trinity 

'2ml Edit, /, ii iv * I. M , „i • e 

College, Dunlin ; and tins may, tor 
aught we know, be true, although per- 
haps it only means that no other Copy of 
the Tract was elsewhere found by Mr. 
Vauyhan. Certain, however, it is, that 
Bishop Hale has entered the Treatise in 
two different Places of his Catalogue, and 
under two different Titles ; from which 
we may infer, that in his Time, or in the 
Times of those from whom he copied, the 
Tract was found in two different Collec- 

The Preface. xvn 

tions. In one place he enters it thus: — jtai<t*$, D* 


(See No. 84 of Lewis's Catalogue.) Brytanni*. 

Cent. m. p. 

*' De simotiia socerdotutn, lib. I. lieu magni ". ... 

' B Lewis, LifV 

sacer dotes in tenebris." of H«7# 

p. iys. 

In another place he rives it the Titled; ls ' 

1 B p. 454. 

under which it is now published, and de- ;,,„,», p. 
.. . . 205. So. 

scribes it thus : — H^, 

44 /A* ultima (Ptate Eccksi<p t lib. 1. Sacerdotes, 
fjroh dolor! versatile* in vitiis." 

It is by no means improbable, therefore, 
that a second Copy of the Tract may still 
exist, under some Disguise, in our public 
or private Libraries. 

The Volume from which the Treatise 
is now printed, is preserved among the 

xviii The Preface. 

MSS. of Archbishop Ussher, in the Li- 
brary of the University of Dublin, It 
appears to have been once the Property of 
Sir Robert Cotton, whose Autograph is 
found on the lower Margin of the first 
&e Nhhoii Page, in his usual Form of Signature : 


I ' !at { ■ lt •' Robert Cotton Bruceus." 

.No. 5. 

On the upper Margin of the same Page, 
in a Hand of the early Part of the six- 
teenth Century, now nearly obliterated, 
may be traced the Words, 

44 IViclefe roas a thousand thre huderyd thrc 
gchorr and uiij" 

Over which Sir Robert Cotton has writ- 

The Preface. *»* 

"Anno 13GS. ll'icklif tcorkes to tfie Duk oj 

Nothing appears in the Volume to in- 
dicate the exact Year in which it was 
transcribed, but the Hand-writing would 
lead us to assign it to the latter End of 
the fourteenth or Beginning of the fif- 
teenth Century. It is imperfect in some 
places, but contains a very valuable Col- 
lection of the Tracts of Wychjffe^ for a 
complete List of which the Reader is re- 
ferred to some Papers that were published 

in the Year 1835, in the British Maya- British Ma- 
gazine, vol. 
zitu: ; where he will also find an Ac- vii. p. 532, 

m and P' 690, 

count of the treatise, now for the first / w. vKi. p. 

207, and p. 
time printed, " (Dn \\)t last 3gc of tI)C 402. 

xx The Pnjitct, 

Cbttcbr," with ail Exposure of cer- 
tain Mistakes that have l>een committed 
respecting it. Several of the Remarks 
contained in those Papers have been 
transferred to the Notes, which 
will be found at the End 
of the present 

11 Zte \mt &s* of 
tfcc Cbivtbt. Ei> 


(Tl;c last .Ctcic 

of tfir 


Has forsortoe grcu prts- 
tis sitting* in bcrfctncssfs (J p» «<>«• 
in sdbabcfoc of fcccf/ nojt 
^ Jaunnge f)im fat opmljj 
;&g^| critf / al f is I foillc jcuc 3ft 
fou auauncc mc. ]hi mafce rcsmtaciouns/ 
f £ fobtdjc ben clrpib bnmcs/ ffirst fnujtis/ 
oftr pcnctouns/ aftt'r ft opmu'oun of 
fjcm fat trctc ffs math, jfor no more 


\ lib C$c last 9gc of ttje Cf)irrt)e. 

scbulbe fattt bencficis be rcscrucb fane 
smalt/ }i( no prrjurj cause of snmonne 
tocre trctibc/ fe tubicfje 3: scie no)t at 

Joachim, f is trjme. 23ut gjoac&ur/ in bis book of 
fe scent's of profctts J of fe scmngis of 
popes 3 of f e cbargts of profetts/ tretnngc 
f is mattr/ } spckrmgc of f e rente of bmncs/ 

r«»i. 9o. seif f us/ fottre tubttlaciouns IDaittf fe 
profete baf bifore sett/ f e seurjnty } nrme 
tbapttre/ to entre into feCbirebe of (Hob/ 

iternard. 3 13crnarb acorbtf fere fotf/ bpon can- 
ttca/ f e f re J f rittn sermon/ fat ben/ n 
nn>tln brebe/ an artoc flcrmge in ban/ 
cbaffarc toalkyngc in berkencssis/ (J mnb. 
bais beunlrie/ fat is to sene/ antecrist. 
/2ij)tln brebe foas tobannc alle fat slotoen 
sctmtis bcmijb bem st'If bo serttnse to 

Tfie last 3gr of tfie Cftirrftr. xxtl 

Goto/ J f is tons ?e firstc tn'bulacioun fat 
ontutjc fc ^f)trct)C ofCjob. J>e artoe flcijngc 
in ban toas beseem of Ijcretikis/ J fat 
toas fc sccunbe tnbulacioun fat entrcb fc 
£bircl)c of (E rist. JJat is put of bi toisfcom 
of senntis/ as fc firstc toas cast out bi 
stcbfastcncssc of martin's. CJjafifarc toalk- 
tjngc in fccrfccnesst's is fc prnui Ijercsic of 
snmonnans/ bi rcsoun of tofjicljc yt frtitoc 
tnbulactoun scijal cntrc into Cristts 
(iTIjirdjc/ fc toljidje tn'bulacioun or an. 
gusci) scijal cntrc ft iffjircljc of vfrist in 
fc tmnc of vc fjuntorib ucr of .x. Icttrc/ toljos 
entjc toe ben/ as £ luclc prcuc/ J fis mns- 
cljctf scijal be so Ijcttn fat toel scijal be 
to fat man of ljoln If Ijirdjc fat vane scbal 
no;t be on Itjur. &nb fat E ^rcue fits 

x\\)i £f)e lait 3gr of ttje Cljurftr. 

joacuim. bi ^Joacbrin in bis book of fc toccbis of 
profctis. ittcn of ebrcu tungc baucf nii 
Icttris/ antJ bijngijngc fro ?e first of cbrcto 
Icttris/ 1 jeuimge to cucnj Icttrc an bun- 
fcrfa ^ccr/ ft ooltic {Testament toas cnbifc 
tuljanc f c noumbrc }cucn to fc Icttris tuas 
fulfills, ^o fro pc bngnnnnngc of cbrcto 
Icttris i\\ to Crist/ in fc tobicfjc ft oolfcc 
{Testament luas cntjfb/ lucrcn ttuo nab 
ttocntn IjuntjrfbtJts of ^ccris. J)is also [be] 
scljclutj' openln bi btscripcioun of tijmc/ of 
Etuebi. (L-uscbt/ Ucljc/ 3 JDavjmounb/ most 
iilymound. prcucli of acountcris/ or talkeris. ^o 
Cristcn men Ijaucn xxi Icttris/ } bncnjn- 
mmge fro vc fust of TLatnn Icttris/ 1 
uunngc to ecljc .c./ re nctoc {Testament 
luas cnfcfo toljannc j 1 c noumbrc of f cs as- 

IT fir last flu* °f tftr Ourtir. wlm 

stngncb Icttris tons fulfillib. &nb f is is as 
sop as in fc bignnnnngc (Sob malic 
bcucnc J erf c/ for f c oollic {Testament is 
figur of f c rtctoc. J3ut aftir 3Joad)im } joachim. 

£3cbc/ fro f c bngnnnnngc of ILatnn Icttris Bede. 
to fc comnngc of Crist toercn scucne [jun- 
ta fo 3ccrc/ so fat Crist cam in fc [jontafo 
of .1/. Icttrc/ Crist stene to Ijcucnr/ anb 
aftir fat/ unta'i .U'. Icttrc/ Crist bclnuercb 
[)is Cljircljc fro nij>tln turtle/ fc toljicljc luas 
fcfirstcbrcbcfatCiobbtsCbircljc luas innc. 
3ftir fat/ bntJir .m. Unix/ Crist bclnuercb 
bis Cljircljc fro ft nrfoc flnjngc i\\ ban/ 
fat luas fc secunbe trilutlacioun of fc 
Cbirclje/ t fat luas bemnngc bn 3Joacf)im Jpat, ' ii "- 
3 ofcrc fat bnbir .m. Iettic scljrlucbc fc 
multitubc of Ijcrctt'Ius contrarrjingc fc 

txbiii Cfc* ,a8t a 9* of tj>e Cfcirrfje. 

birft of Crist bis pascioun 3 bis asscn. 
cioun/ tn fat fat .m. Icttre most figure*) 
Crist, ©turn Icttre tn fe abccc man be 
sounefc totf opim mouf sauc .m. Icttre one/ 
fe fobicrjc man no;t be sotmefc but to if 
clos motif, ico Crist mijjtt nou come out 
of f e maijbcnes toombe/ but scljc baobc be 
clos. glnb f es ben ttcrse of .m. Icttre/ 

College claustris cxire solcnt patcfactis/ 
Etna set) ex istis no cgrcbitur nisi dausis. 

Stftit fat/ bn&it .x. Icttre/ toas fe 
frifcfcc tribulacioun in (Jjoobis Cbircbc/ 
f c lobicbe .x. Icttre is last of Itatim Icttris/ 
J fc frftoc tribulacioun scljal be scljctofa 
i\\ fc bonbrto }ccrc of .x. Icttre. I prcuc 
tt bi ttoo icsouns/ fc firstc is ffs. ^Jctir 

Ct)f la»t flgc of tf)r Cftirrfjr. XXIX 

ft apostle fc fobicrje tons in ft tmnc 
of J. Icttrt/ innate not bttirlr? bistric 
5?mnoun ittagus/ but bi rjclpc of \3oul/ Act. s. 
f c torjicfjc foas f e f rittenef 3postil. ^0/ 
)ii .x. Icttrc be fe frittcnefc fro .L Irttrr/ 
in ft tmnc of .x. Icttrc (Crist scrjal clansc 
rjis (fijircrjc fro marcljaunfcisc tonlfcnngc 
in ticrkencssis. \)t sccunfcc rcsoun is sucrje. 
5it cam no^t fat trtbulacioun fat scrjal be 
in (fiotrtris (Cbircrjc bi cause of crjaffarc 
toalinmgc in fcerkencsses/ } fat fat is pro. 
pljcstcfc scrjal come, fetffc fanne fat toe 
ben in .x. Icttrc/ as it is scljcaitti/ f is trt- 
bulacioun sdjal come in .x. Icttrc ofcre 
aftir/ but aftt't .x. Icttrc/ fat is f c last of 
Hatijn Uttris/ scrjal be no tribulacioun 
in (fiotiois (fljtrcrjc bote fc fourfe J fe 

XXX Chr (jst age of tfie Cf)irrt)f. 

laste/ fe fobicbe sebal be bi ft toeuel of 
Auucmt. mijtJtjan/ fat ts 3nteerist/ f e tobiebe tribu- 
lactottn bi no Uatnn Icttrc man be eerie- 
ftcoy as f es f re btfore. jpfor bis comrjnge 
oonln to Goto is knotoen/ J knolulecfje of 
bun to (Tioo oonln reserueo*. ^before tt 
foltm'f fat bnoir x lettre sebal be sebefofa 
f ilke tribulaeioun fat sebal be in (fiooois 
Oirebe/ bij resoim of ebaffare toalknnge 
in oerkenessis. 

pat lue ben bnoir fe IjunoritJ ^eere of 
rode. ..v. lettre/ I- sebetue sebortln bn 13eoe upon 
Joachim. ji C profetis of ^ibille/ anto bn Eoaebim in 
fe book of ft seeois of profetis/ J ofere 
toriteris of stories. jFfro fe bngnnnnngc 
of Uatnn lettris to (iTrist Ibii/ tucic seuene 
bunorto ;eer/ anil fro <£rist til nolo/ 

C1)f last flgt of t&e C!)trrt)r. XXXI 

f rittcnc fjunfcrib 3ccr nnfc sixc J fnftt}/ so Nota. 
fat f ere ben to come of our abecc but fourc 
3 fourtn 3ccr/ } hi f is of f r fjuntorfo }ccrc 
of .x. bef passfo sixc J fifty }ccrc. \h 
srmncs bi cause of tofjidjc sueljc pcrsccu. 
cioun scljal be in <SoN»'s <TI)irci)e our 
tmnc ben fts/ for Gotfois Oircrjc is 
founts in kmira&c of prclatis. Jh's same 
rriicnctJ Eoacljim in fc boola's bifore. 3lso Joachim, 
for gootJts of bob (C&irdjc fat prclatis 
to if Ijol&cf to Ijcm/ as pensiouns/ first* 
funis/ fermes/ prouenbris/ ft toljidjc man 
tocl be clcpfti collibiste/ fes srmncs anil 
ofcrc sueljc ben marcljauntoisc toallnmgc 
in tocrfcencssis. \h manere of trtbulacioun 
scljal be sucl) as loacljtm scif in fc book Joachim, 
of fc crjargc of profctis. jTtcn of bolrj 

Xxxii tilt las! age flf t&e etmrtjr. 

<£ bircbc scbal be scnto in a mancrc of ca- 
rennc/ fci scbal be cast out as boggc tn 
carnoten. mijttjts placis. ?Der foif acortjtf (Tamo- 
wau^ y " senct's/ ia a book fat be depif polltcratt- 
con/ f e siuenf i book/ pe tenf e cbapitrc/ 3 
be alencf (Srcgor sciimgc pus/ pcstilcncis/ 
smijttingts to gfberc of folia's/ ] burthjngc 
to gfberc of relumes/ J ofir jjarmes scljal 
come to fe crfc/ for fat tuorscbtpis of 
boly Cljtrcbe bef jcuc to bnluorfi men. 
in ub. s'. s3nH i\\ f e etucfe book/ befaute of prestis 
among (Tiooots folk bnmgif in tirnauntis. 
J>at f is tribulacioun is ni}}c/ anb toljanne 
it scbal come/ bi bnn fat tretif f is matir 
is/ lubannc men scljulle toantc teef/ anb 
comnnlij alle cbilbrcn/ boren siffen fc 
first pestnlence/ ben sucb fat toantcn ei^te 

Ctje last 3gr of tfjr Cfiirrfjr. xxxill 

gretc tccf . ?Dertoif acorbif ittcrlrm 3m. iieriyn 
brosc/ fat sue!) angusebe is nn;c / Cor as 
bn bem/ in fc tmnc of fe mnsebcif of fc 
fcok/ fat toe depc frauncc/ fat scbal be 
bistroncb bn ft sixtc of irlonb/ ft tnitt is 
our knng to if fjis crjilorrn. ^ibillc acor- sii.iii*. 
&if brrto/ fat sucrjr tribulacioun is nn;e/ 
in f cs bcrsc : 

C r i alius surtuutus nquilc bi'ctricta signa/ 
JiUmbus aborabit/ est bibs btx prcsulc 

^apa et'to moritur/ Sbesar rrgnabitubique/ 
S«b quo tunc bana ccssabit gloria tiers. 

JJci fat tretcn f cs bcrsc of §?flnllc/ allc fat 
£ bauc seen/ acorben in f is/ fat scculcr 
polucr of fc JDooln (Goost clispirib/ J fat 

XXXii) £*>* la*t flge of the Cflirrfie. 

tof/ bcniaunce of stocrb/ mnscbcifs bn- 
knotoc biforc/ bi toljicljc men fes iJaics 
scbule be ponnsebftj/ scbulcn fallc for srjnne 
of prcstis. iVlcn scljal fallc on bem/ J 
caste bem out of bcr fattc bencficis/ anb f ct 
scbule sene/ be cam in to bis benefice by 
bis IknnrcUc/ fes bi couenant maab bi* 
fore/ be for bis scrunsc/ } fes for mo- 
nene/ cam into (fiobbis (£ bircbe. Jeanne 
scbal ccbe sucbe prcst erne/ alas/ :3las/ 
fat no goob spinjt btuellrtj fotf me at my 
comnngc into (Sobbis eTljircbc. P* 
toorbis of jostle 2. c°. fc f rfobc. I scibc 
fat Crist entrcbe into booln f ingis/ fat 
is boln vf bivebe/ bn ijoln Imnmgc ] Ijohj 
Master of tccljuigc/ pmmge fc jfaHtr for bs. J>c 
schoiys. j-^ illJS(cr of ^ c fjoivi S rcljcrsif / fc fribbc 

Cfie last 9ge of tfie Cftirrljf. xxxtl 

book of Utmgis/ fc b. c ./ aftir ft talis 
of tetois of Salamon/ ftrc toas n stork 
babfcc a bcrtj/ 3 bis bcrb luas spent) bntJir 
a bcsscl of glas/ anfc tobannc f is stork sau 
bis brity ) fat be mij;tc no>t come to 
bum/ be brou^t a litil recto luormc out of 
toil&irncssc/ ] tuff bis bloob be anoimtifce 
ft glas. ]h glass to barst/ J ft brfo 
fleuc bis torn, ^o ourc HortJ ft jfafctr 
of beucne IjabtJC mankvmbc in belle/ fat 
luas glasime/ fat is to seije britil as glas. 
<To brcke it be brou}t sucbe a litil recti 
luormc/ fat luas our ILortJ %bu Crist/ 
as Baut'f stiff ft on J itocntii ialmr. 2i. p sa L 21. 
©go sum bermis/ J non bomo/ 5 am a 
luormc "l no man/ 1 to if bis bloofc be 
Uclijucrccj manncs kimfcc. 5^earic luritif/ zach. 9. 

XXXbi Cfte last 2qt of !!)e Cfjirrbr. 

vc nnnrc cbapitrc/ fou forsopc tuif bloob 

of tuttncssr/ or f i testament/ bast lebbc 

out !)cm fat lucre bounbe in fe pnt. *?o 

tobannc tuc tocrcn snnful/ J cbilbrcn of 

turarre/ Clobbis sone cam out of bcucne/ 

(J premjing rjts fabir for bis encmncs/ J 

be beneb for bs panne/ mnebe rafcre nob 

tuc ben maab riufttl hi bis blootJ scbulcbc 

u.»n». v. saucb. }Joul turitif to pc tomanns. 

b. c°. Jt}c scbal prenc for bs. Ebtis 

tucnte into bcucne to apcre to fc scmlant 

Hcb. 9. of Clob for bs. }Joul to pc bebrccs. J)c 

lubiebe scmlant be grauntc bs 

to see/ fat Imtcp 1 rcgncy 

luipout eenbe/ 

ft men. 



Ow far the foregoing Tract 
has Buffered from the Care- 
lessness or Ignorance of the 
Transcriber, it will not be 
possible to determine, until 
another Copy shall be discovered. It is the 
Object of the following Notes to correct some 
of the more obvious Mistakes, as well as to 
trace the Historical Origin of the Tract, and 
to explain its References and Allusions. The 
Editor has not thought it necessary to pre- 
serve in every Instance the Contractions of 
the original Manuscript ; but he has carefully 

\l Notes. 

retained the Spelling, even in some Casts 
where an Error of the Transcriber is evident. 
The Anglo-Saxon Letters, |» and >, are used 
throughout the MS., and are preserved, as being 
characteristic of the Orthography of the Pe- 

Page xxiii. line 3. 

£lo)i fjammge f)im fat opcnln cricf. 

There seems some Error or Omission of the 
Transcriber here; but the Allusion is probably 
to St. Matt. iv. 9. A learned Friend has 
ingeniously suggested to the Editor, that 
11 nought-having" may mean disregarding, 
pro nihilo habeu(cs y not fearing, abhorring, 
or thinking any Harm of him that openly 
crieth, 4% all these Things will I give thee, if 
thou wilt tall down and worship me;" >• e. not 
fearing the Demon of Simony. " Avaunce" is 

Notts. xl 

perhapi substituted for adoraveris, in order 
to render the Passage more applicable to 

Clerical Simony, or Purchase of Preferment. 

Ibid, line 6. 

|)c( mnkc rcscrundouns. 

The Exactions of the Court of Rome had 
been made the Subject of Legislation in Eng- 
land, from the 35 of Edw. I., in which Year 
(A.D. 1306-7) Petitions were presented to the 
King from the Nobility and Commonalty of 
the Realm against the intolerable Exactions of 
the Pope; (&><]>cr varils voris ct intollcrabi- ItyUv, Pi«- 

... ... ....... ciu Par- 

Ma* (/ruc<UHi7iwus,oj>j)rc88W7iious, wjurn8 t liam 

ct cjrlorsionibus .... auctoritatc ctmanJato 379. 

Domini Paper;) and these Petitions were the 

Occasion of a Statute, passed at a Parliament Statutes •/ 

held at Carlisle in that Year, whereby the y^ '*' 

Papal Taxation of Abbeys and Religious Lo*d. ihio, 

p. 150. 

xlii Notes. 

Houses was restrained, and in certain Cases 
prohibited. In the Year 1350-1, however, 
(25 Edic. III.) only Six Years before the Date 
Ibid. p. of the Tract before us, the Statute against 
Album's Papal Provisions of Benefices was passed, 
Codex, p. in which the Pope's Power of presenting to 
Edit. Benefices in England, in Violation of the Rights 

of the natural Patrons, was restrained, and the 
Provisors attached. The Word Reservation 
seems to be used in the Text to denote the 
Provisions prohibited by these Acts of Par- 
liament; — it is thus defined by Du Cange : 
(itostarium, u Jiescriptum seu ma tula turn sumtni Ponti- 
Jtcis, quo certorum benejiciorum, cum raca- 
verint, collationem sibi resercat faciendum 
cui voluerit, aliis legitimis collatoribus ex- 
clusis" This is exactly what the Statutes 
Cok* : referred to term Provision. The Word Reser- 
Part i. cation, however, is used by our modern Law- 
isj »ect. Authorities in a more general Sense, to denote 


Notes. xliii 

a Rent or Profit reserved by the Owner of an 
Estate or Tenement forh is own Use : and in 
this Sense the First Fruits or Annates, Tenths, 
and Pensions, claimed by the Court of Hume, 
are rightly termed Reservations, and in their 
Origin are clearly Simoniacal: such Pensions, 
First Fruits, and Tenths being in fact the 
Price paid to the Court of Rome for Colla- 
tion, as appears from the Statute 13 Ric. II. Statutes of 
Stat. 2, c. 2, (A.D. 1389-90,) where after re- i'oKU^To, 
citing the Statutes 25 Edw. III. and 30 71 - £"*• 
Edtc. I. the Act goes on to complain : Etja 
monsirc soit a nr. S*. le Roi $c. " And now 
it is shewed to our Lord the King, in this pre- 
sent Parliament holden at Westminster, at 
the Utas of the Purification of our Lady, .... 
by the grievous Complaints of all the Com- 
mons of his Realm, that the Grievances and 
Mischiefs aforesaid do daily abound, to the 
great Damage and Destruction of all this 
e 2 

xliv Notes. 

Kealm, more than ever were before, viz. that 
now of late our Holy Father the Pope, by 
Procurement of Clerks and otherwise, hath 
reserved, and doth daily reserve to his Colla- 
tion, generally and especially, as well Arch- 
bishopricks, Bishopricks, Abbeys, and Prio- 
ries, as all other Dignities, and other Benefices 
of England, which be of the Advowry of Peo- 
ple of Holy Church, and doth give the same 
as well to Aliens as to Denizens, and taketh of 
all such Benefices, the First Fruits, and many 
other Profits, and a great Part of the Treasure 
of the said Kealm is carried away and dis- 
pensed out of the said Realm by the Purcha- 
sers of such Graces ; and also by such privy 
Reservations many Clerks advanced in this 
Kealm by their true Patrons, which have 
peaceably holden their Advancements by long 
Time, be suddenly put out : Whereupon, the 
said Commons have prayed our said Lord the 

Notes. xlv 

King, &c." And again, in Statute 6 Ben. IV. 
(A.D. 1404) cap. 1. Sur la gretouse com- Ibid, p. is. 
pleint, &c. " For the grievous Complaints 
made to our Sovereign Lord the King by hit 
Commons of this Parliament, holden at Co- 
rentry, the vj. Day of October, the vj. Year of 
his Reign, of the horrible Mischiefs and dam- 
nable Custom which is introduct of new in the 
Court of Rome, that no Parson, Abbot, nor 
other, should have Provision of any Arch- 
bishoprickor Bishoprick, which shall be void, 
till he hath compounded with the Pope's 
Chamber, to pay great and excessive Sums of 
Money, as well for the First Fruits of the 
same Archbishoprick or Bishoprick, as for 
other less Services in the same Court, and 
that the same Sums, or the greater part there- 
of, be paid beforehand, &c." 

Thus it appears that the Exactions of the 
Papal Court were attracting great Attention 

xlvi Notes. 

in England, at the Period when this Tract 
was written. The Parliament, viewing the 
Matter as Politicians, denounced the Papal 
Claims on the Grounds that large Sums of 
Money were annually sent out of England, 
and Aliens advanced to spiritual Livings in 
the Church ; Wyclyffe taking up the Ques- 
tion as a Theologian, censures these Exactions 
as Simoniacal, and refers to them as symp- 
tomatic of the Approach of Antichrist. 
See Gibson, The D is me 8 mentioned in the Text are the 
x«v*p Tlt ' D ectm€e Decimarum, or Tenths of all Li- 
824. vings, which, witli the First Fruits, were ori- 

Krpc/to!"' P na ^ v claimed by the Pojh?, although subse- 
rimu, c. quently annexed to the Crown ; and which now 
Aytiffe % lox\\\ the Foundation of the Fund called Queen 

l\m rtfon, June's lioiinty. 

The Pensions exacted by the Court of 
ttome \rere still more directly Simoniacal : 
they are thus alluded to in the Preamble of 

\>. r.j. 

Notes. * lvii 

an Act passed in the Reign of King Henry Sul 23, 
VIII., where the Commons, addressing the '^i.* ell- 
King, say: "That where your Subjects of W* Code*, 
this your Realm, and of other Countries and p * b * 
Dominions being under your Obeysance, by 
many Years past have been, and yet be greatly 
decayed and impoverished by such miulerable 
Exactions of great Sums of Money as have 
been claimed and taken, and yet continually 
be claimed to be taken out of this your Realm, 
and other your said Countries and Dominions, 
by the Bishop of Home, called the Pope, and 
the See of Home, as well in Pensions, Censes, 
Peter-pence, Procurations, Fruits, Suits for 
Provisions, and Expeditions of Bulls for Arch- 

bishopricks and Bishopricks, Sec 

.... It may, therefore, please your most 
noble Majesty, for the Honor of Almighty 

God, &c That no Person or Persons 

of this your Realm, or of any other your Do- 

xlviii Notes. 

minions, shall from henceforth pay any Pen- 
sions, Censes, Portions, Peter-pence, or any 
other Impositions to the Use of the said Bi- 
shop, or of the See of Rome.'* 

Page xxiv. line 2. 


This Word in the MS. is written apparently 
" samle," which must be an Error. The Edi- 
tor has ventured to adopt a conjectural Emen- 
dation, and print it " smale," i. e. small. 
This, at least, will make Sense; for, the Au- 
thor's Argument is, that if there were nothing 
of a Simoniacal Nature in the Reservation of 
Benefices, the small Benefices would be as 
often made the Subjects of the Papal Provi- 
sions and Reservations, as the " fatte" or more 
valuable Livings; but the contrary being the 
Case, it follows that the Income of the Bene- 

Notes. *1" 

fice is the real Object, and, therefore, that all 
these Exactions of the Court of Rome are Si- 
moniacal in their Origin. 

Ibid, line 4. 


An evident mistake of the Scribe for Joa- 
chim. In another Place, by a different Er- 
ror, we find the Abbot called Joachrin. See 
p. xxvi. 


In {us boofe of fc scrtu's of profctts, (Jr. 

Whether one Book or more be here referred 
to seems doubtful. The Editor is disposed to 
think that three different Works are intended ; 
—the first, Of the Secdis of Profetis ; the 


second, Of the Seyinyis of Popes ; and the 
third, Of the. Chart/is of Profetis, In ano- 
ther Place (p. xxv i) we find Joachim quoted 
44 in his Book of the Veedis of Profetis ;" 
and (p. xxix) "Jixtchim in the Hook of the 
St'cdis of Projthetis" Again (p. xxx) ** tin* 
Itookis" of Joiichim are spoken of in the plu- 
ral Number, and 44 the Book Of the Charge 
of Prophet is " is quoted, as distinct from the 

It is probable that the Book of the Secdis 
of Profetis, and the Book of the Deedls of 
Profetis, may be the same; the Word Veedis 
or Seedis being one or other of them a Mis- 
take of the Transcriber. If the Word Seedis 
be correct, the Title of the Work was prolm- 
bly 7 V seminibus propketarttm ; unless we 
take Seedis. as derived from the Verb to say y 
for dicta ; for which there seems no Autho- 
rity, especially as we And Seyinyis used to 


express dicta, in the very Passage before us. 
From the other Heading, the Title of the Book 
would be De (/est is prophetarum. The Book 
Of the Seyingis of 1* ope 8 may, perhaps, be 
meant for the Liber de Flore of the Abbot vit 
J<Michim. which the Author of his Life tells c - T * f cl * 


us was also called De summit jxtntijiciltus. Maii torn. 
It is quite obvious, however, that if these Vl1, p ' ,o3. 
Books contained the Doctrine for which they 
are quoted by Jrycliffe, (viz. that the Year 
1400 was to be the Date of the Revelation of 
Antichrist,) they could not have been ge- 
nuine Productions of the Abbot Joachim. The 
Opinion of Joachim wan, that the Year \% r Ai 
would be the Km of the total Kxtinction of 
the Christian Church, and that the Triumph 
of Antichrist was then to commence, and to 
continue for three Years and a half, counting 
from the Middle of the Year V2&i t to the End 
of the year 1 200. As in the Lines : — 

1" Notts. 

MS. liar- Hoc Cistercienni Joachim pradixit in anno 

!^* ?"?*.' Q*° Saiadinus sanctum sibi tubdidit Urbem, 

227. Cum fuerint anni completi mille ducenti, 

Et teni decies a partu Virginis alma, 
Tunc Antichrbtus nascetur demone plenut. 

R*v. at. 3, This Theory was derived from the famous 
1260 Days of Prophecy, taking Days for 
Years, and computing from the Commence- 
ment of the common Christian Era. But 
when the Year 1260 passed away and the 
Prophecy was not fulfilled, the Followers of 
Joachim attempted to correct the Hypothesis 
See the He* of their Master, and many of them (as for Ex- 
(ewionJTn am I^ e tno tteguin8 % who adopted the Specula- 
the Liber tions of /Y/iT John de Olica,) took hold of 
hquii. Ten tne '335 Days of Daniel, and from them fixed 
lot. pp. 2»8, upon the Year 133o, as the Date of Anti- 
lished bv" Christ's Destruction. The Editor has not had 
Limborck. Access to any of the Remains of I'eter John's 
quisit. Writings, but he is informed by a learned 

Notes. Uii 

Friend, in whose Accuracy he has the fullest 
Confidence, that Peter John , in his Tracta- Tract, dt 
(us de Antichrxsto, has fixed upon the Year f&SPf* 1 
1 356, as the Year of the Revelation, not the 
Destruction, of Antichrist, by adding 96, the 
supposed Date of the Apocalypse , to 1260. 
Joachim, however, in greater Conformity with 
Scripture, made the Termination of the 1260 
Days, (or Years, as he considered them,) the 
Period of the End, not of the Beginning of 
Antichrist. Our Author's Theory, supported Sr«p. uvii, 
by u Cabbalistic Computation from the Let- #l "?• 
tors of the Alphabet, which the Editor has not 
been able to discover elsewhere, makes the 
Year 1 100 the Kra of the Revelation of Antu 
chrtit ; and Wither Brute t in 131X), appear! Foi's Acu 
to have put forward a Conclusion not very J^ cnt ,,°voL 
dissimilar, although maintained on different »• p« ***• 
Grounds. His Argument was drawn from the { Cb4 [ 
Joachitic Theory of the prophetic Days taken 

Kv Notes. 

for Years, and from the Supposition that the 
133o Days of Daniel commenced at the Deso- 
lation of the Temple under Adrian. 

On the whole then it is unquestionable, that 
WijcUffe had before him some spurious Pro- 
ductions of Beguintim, circulated under the 
Name of the Abbot Joachim, but which could 
not possibly have been derived from the ge- 
nuine Writings of that Enthusiast. None of 
these spurious Hooks, so far as the Editor's li- 
mited Means of Research have enabled him to 
ascertain, have been preserved in our Libra- 
ries, or are noticed by the Authors who treat of 
the Doctrines of Joachim and his Successors. 

It is evident from p. xxxi, that the Tract 
before us was composed in or after the Year 
13-3G, the fatal Year of the Revelation of An- 
tichrist, according to the Followers of Peter 

Notes. Iv 

Ibid, line 9. 

tEbe scupntjj nnto ntjne cbapitrc. 

The Passage quoted is taken from the nine- 
tieth Psalm, as it is numbered in the Latin 
Vulgate, (ninety- first in our English Version.) 
The Editor is not aware of any Reason why 
this Psalm should be referred to as " the se- 
venty and ninth Chapter," and he is, therefore, 
constrained to assume, that there is here a Mis- 
take of the Transcriber, who, perhaps, had 
before him numeral Letters or Figures, which 
he read erroneously. The Words referred to 
are to be found in Verses 5 and 6. Non ti- 
mebi-s a timorc nocturno. A sayitta volante 
in die, a ncyotlo pcrambuhuite in tencbris . 
ab incursUy ct decmonio mcridiano. 

Ivi Notes. 

Ibid, line 11. 

Qrto i3cmar& nccortrip fere toif . 

ti>p. S. The Passage here referred to will be found 

EjTi^ned * n ^'* ^ €rnar ^ s Works, Serm. xxxiii. in Can. 
p. 1396. C. tica, num. 14, et seq. Adhuc yiisi tadio 
fuerit longitudo sermonis, has quatuor ten- 
tationes tentabo suo ordine assignare ipsi cor- 
pori Christi, quod est Ecclesia. Et ecce quam 
brevius possum percurro. Vidcte primitivam 
Ecclesiam, si non primo pcrvasa est acriter 
nimis a timore nocturno. Erat enhn nox, 
quando omnis qui intcrjicerct sanctos t arbi- 
trabatur obscquium sc pnestare Deo. Ilac 
autem tentatione devicta, et sedata tempes- 
tatc, inclyta facta est y ct juxta promissioncm 
ad sc fact am, in brcvi posita in supcrbiam 
sdcculorum. Et dolens inimicus quod frustra- 

Notts. 1»» 

tut estet, a timore oocturno convertit $e col- 
lide ad sagittam volantem io die, etvulncrax it 
in ea quosdam de ecclesia. Et sutrexerunt 
homines vani, cupidi gloria, et volucrunt sibi 
faccre nomcn : et cxeuntcs de ecclesia, diu 
camdem matrem sua??i ajjlixcrunt in diversis 
et pcrversis dogmatibus. Sed hac quoquc 
pestis dcpulsa est in sapientia sanctorum, si* 
cut et prima in paticntia martyrum. 

Pack 25, line 7. 

cbnffarc toalktingc in fcerknessis is tfjc 
prnui fjrrcsie of smnonnans. 

Here our Author abandons St. Bernard's In- 
terpretation, which expounds ncgotium pcram- 
bulans in tencbris, not of Simony, but of Hypo- 
crisy, and Avarice. Scrpit hudic putida tabes In Cant 
per omne corpus Lcclcsur, ct quo latius, eo W1 jn ,, 
v 15. 

lyiii Notes. 

desperatius: toque periculosius, quo interius 

omnes qua sua sunt quarunt. Mi- 

nistri Christi sunt, et serviunt Antichristo. 
Honorati incedunt de bonis Domini, qui Do- 
mino honor em non deferunt. Inde is quern 
quotidie vides meretricius nitor, histrionicus 

habitus, regius apparatus hide 

dolia pigmentaria, inde referta marsupia. 
Pro hujusmodi volunt esse et sunt ecclcsia- 
rum propositi, decani, archidiaconi, episcopi, 
archiepiscopi. Aec cnim h&c mcrxto cedunt, 
sed negotio illi, quod pcrambulat in tencbris. 

Ibid, last line. 

on hutc. 

Cant. Talcs. As ChdUCCr. 
v. 3041. 

And hcre-againcs no Creature on live 

Of no degree availlcth for to strive. 

On lire is now contracted or corrupted into 

Notes. lix 

aliee. Thus we say, a~coming t a- saying, a- 

board, a-purpose, asleep , a-nay, Sic, for 

on coining, on saying, on board, on purpose, 

&c. By which it appears that Dr. Tl'alli* is Walluu 

mistaken in supposing this Class of Words to Gram - An- 

be compounded with the Preposition at. l^ul'sIo'. 

John Hopkins, in his Version of Psalm 1765 - 
lxxvii. 1G, has retained the old Form, on 
trembling, for a-trcmlling ; 

" The Waters, Lord, perceived thee, 
The Waters saw thee well, 
And they for Feare away did flee 
The Depths on trembling fell." 

Numerous instances will be found in Chau- r«nt. Tales. 
cer, as, *• 1689 - 

" On hunting ben they ridden really." 
and again, J bid. v. 

136GC. 7. 
11 He could hunt at the wilde dere, 
And ride on hanking for the rivere." 


Ix Notes. 

Page xxvi. line 2. 

This Word should probably be haven / but 
it is haveth in the MS. In the next Line, 
44 byngynge," for " bygynnynge," is an ob- 
vious Mistake of the MS. 

Ibid, line 9. 

foercn tfoo an& tfcocnty 6unlrrtbl»ts of ?ccrts. 

By this Date the "Writer probably intended 
the Interval from the Birth of Ilcber, to the 
Birth of Christ: which by the Computation 
of Ih'de in his Chro?iicon sire de sex (ctati- 
bus mundi, wanted but five Years of 2200, 
a mere Trifle with such Expounders of Pro- 
phecy as our Author. 

Xote*. l*i 

Ibid line 12. 
(Suscbi, UcIjc, 5 ^anmounU. 

The Works here referred to are, proba- 
bly, the Chronicon of Euscbius, translated Opp. B. 
and preserved by St. Jerome ; the venerable ^^° n ^ t% 
Bede '8 Chronicon , site de sex cctatibus mun- Ed. Vaiiar. 
di; and the His tor ice Eccles'uuticcc Brevia- " u 
rium y sice de Christianarum rerum memo- 
ria y Libb. X. of Hay mo, Bishop of Ualbcr- 
stadt, who died A.D. 853. 

Page xxvii. line 5. 
fro j>e bcgnnnijngc of latin Icttrts. 

That is to say, from the Foundation of 
Rome. The Writer speaks in round Num- 

Ixii Notes. 

Ibid, line 15. 


This Word is perhaps a Mistake of the 
Transcriber for denied, i. e, deemed, const' 

Page xxviii. line 8. 

nnfc fcs ben berse of .tn. Icttre. 

The Editor has not been able to find these 
Verses elsewhere. The Letters of the Alpha- 
bet are represented as Colleges, or Members of 
a College, all the rest of whom go forth 
when the Gates are open; one only, viz. 0f, 
when they are shut. College is for Colleger 

Notes. l*iii 

Page xxix. line 3. 

tut bi bclpc of }Joul. 

This alludes to the well-known Story, told 
by a great Number of the Antients, of the 
Destruction of Simon Magus, by the Prayers 
of Saints Peter and Paul. Sulpitius Sere- Sacra Hut 
rus relates this Event in the following Words : jjj' ^£ 
Etenim turn iUustris ilia adrersus Simo- Amttel. 
ww, Petri ac Pauli congressio fuit. Qui 
cum magieis artibus, ut se Deu?n proharct^ 
duolus suffultus decmoniis e tolas set, oratio- 
nibus Apostolorum fugatis damonibus, dc- 
lapsus in terrain, populo inspectante dis- 
ruptus est. The same Account is given by 
St. Cijrill of Jerusalem ; after stating that Cauch. »i. 
Simon had so far succeeded in deceiving the 14# 
Romans, that the Emperor Claudius had 
erected a Statue to him with the Inscription 

lxiv Xotes. 

Library 2IMflN'I 0EP. 'AHfl, he adds: M The Error 
°i ** f*l 8 P rea ^* n o » tftat goodly Pair, Peter and Paul, 
ii. Tnui«l.) the Rulers of the Church, being present, set 

mf^ 9 "*' M attera ri S nt a S ain J ani1 on Si mon» tne 8U P- 
6s. posed God, attempting a Display, they straight- 

way laid him dead. Simon, that is, promised 
that he should be raised aloft towards Heaven, 
and accordingly was borne through the Air 
on a Chariot of Daemons ; on which, the 
Servants of God falling on their Knees, gave 
an Instance of that Agreement, of which 
Matt. x?iii. Jesus said, If two of you shall agree as 
ly * touching any Thing that they shall ask, it 

shall be done for them : and reaching the 
Sorcerer with this Unanimity of their Prayer, 
they precipitated him to the Earth." 
o P p B For other Authorities, see the Note of the 

Cyril, jbl. Benedictine Editor of St. Cyrill, on this Pas- 
Fa^ 1 7 2<>» g ^ ^ xilletnont, Memoires pour scrvira 

Notes. !*▼ 

VHistoire Eccletiastique ; &iint Pierre, Tom. i. 
Art. 34. p * 176 ' 

Ibid, line 6. 
Crist schnl clansc ftis Otrc!)r. 

In the Original this is, " Chirche schal 
clansehis Chirche;" the Editor has not hesi- 
tated to correct so obvious a Mistake. 

Page xxx. line 1. 

tfjc fccbcl of mtjb&atj. 

Demonlum mcridianum, alluding to Ps. 
xc. 6, in the Vulgate. 

Ibid. lineC. 

A Mistake of the MS. for Wherefore, 

lxvi Notes. 

Ibid, line 10. 

in fccduncssis. 

The Word in was omitted by the Original 
Scribe ; but is added in the MS. by a more 
recent Hand. 

Ibid, line 12. 

33ctoe upon tfje profetis of Sbibtllc. 

This Reference is to some spurious Work 

attributed to Bede, and which is probably not 

the same as the Tract De Syhillis, published 

Sibyllliu among Bede's Works, and also by Joh. Op- 

le«?tw 9opivus Brettanus, at the End of his Edition 

Aucta, &c of the Sybillinc Oracles ; for that Tract does 

Opi! Drct- no * contain any tiling like the Computation 

tanno, Mvo. f rom the Latin Letters, for which Dcdc il 
P*ri<, Id07, . . . , 

\\ an. here referred to by our Author. 

Notes. lxvii 

Page xxxi. line 8. 

Gotrtris cfjircfjc is fount) to in fcnnra&c of 

This Expression is illustrated by the Pre- 
amble of the Statute of ' l'rotisors, (25 Edw. statute* of 
III.): "Whereas late in the Parliament of ^ l * ffl/ "'' 
good Memory of Edward King of England , 21c. 
Grandfather to our Lord the King that now 
is, the xxv. [ley, xxxv.] Year of his Reign, cibmm'i 
holden at Carlisle, the Petition heard, put be- Cod«x, p. 
fore the said Grandfather and his Council, in 
his said Parliament, by the Communalty of 
the said Realm, containing: That whereas 
the Holy Church of England was founuYn in 
the Estate of Prelacy, within the Pculm of 
England, 6cc." 

Ibid, line 13. 

ft tol)tr|)t maw fori be depfo colltbfstt. 

Colly biste, from the Greek Word aoAA^mK, 
which is used St. Matt, xxi. 12, where St. •Te- 
ll. Huron, rome remarki : Sedquia erat lege praceptum, 
mi. 1*2^ 1 3 ut nemo usuras acciperet, etprodesse non pote- 
torn. tii. rat pecunia fanerata, qua commodi nihil ha* 

Ed. f"u/- 

lartii, 4to. otr€t 9 et interdum sortem perdcret, cxcogita* 
Xjf'v. , verunt et aliam technam, ut pro nummular Us t 

\tl>0. Col. -,,,,. . 

162. Colly bistzs facer en t, cujus vcrbi proprictatcm 

Latina liiujua non exprimit. Collyba dicun- 
tur apud eos, qua nos appcllamus tragemata, 
vel vilia munuscula. Verbi gratia, frixi 
ciccris, uvarumque passarum, et poma di~ 
vcrsi generis. 

See also Du Cange, Glossarium, vv. Colli- 
Hum, Collybista. 

Notes. lxix 

Page xxxii. line 1. 

srftal be stp& in a mancrc of carcjmt. 

Carcyne, from the old French, carogne, 
carrion ; M seyd in a manere of carcyne/' 
perhaps may mean, " they shall be spoken of 
as a Sort of Carrion," unless there be here 
some Mistake of the Transcriber, which is not 
improbable. The next Clause, " thei schai 
be cast out as dogge in myddis places," is 
possibly an Allusion to Is. v. 25. Et facta 
runt morticinia corum, quasi stercus in me- 
dio platcarum ; the Word dogge being a 
Mistake for dongc ; and, "in myddis places" 
the Author's Version of in medio platcarum ; 
although it is highly probable that myddis is 

IxX Not €8. 

Ibid, line 3. 

fjcr trip acortiip Camosensts. 

JoAn of Salisbury, called Camotensis, bo- 
cause he was Bishop of Chartres, The Pas- 

PJycrat.p. sage referred to occurs in his Polycraticus, 

Hat £39 5lL ' c ^ e NttflfW Curialium, J^ib, vii. ccr/>. 20. 

Sro. Si eh'cas <yt<ia ignis per scptuaginta annos 

Babylonicre captivitatis sub aqua vixeiat, 
demum cxtinctus est, Antiocho vcndcnte Ja- 
soni sacerdotium; aut quod Beatus Gregorius 
testatur, quia pcstilentia ct fames, concussio* 
ncs gentium, collisiones regnorum, ct quam- 
plurima adversa terris proveniunt, ex co quod 
honorcs ccclesiastici ad prctium vcl humanam 
gratiarn conferuntur pcrsonis non mcritis. 

/6i<tp. The other Reference (Lino 11) is to Lib. viii. 

hii - cap. 18. Namctpcccata populi faciunl rcg- 

Notes. bun 

nart hypocritam, et sicut He gum tettatur hit" 
toria, defectus tacerdotum, in populo Dei, ty- 
rannos induxit, 

Ibid, line 10. 

bep gcuc. 

A Mistake probably for ben geve, i. e. been 

Ibid, line 16. 

nlle cjntoren boren stpf en p e first 
pestilence, (Jc. 

The Year 1348 and two following Years See Bocca- 

are recorded in all our Chronicles, as remarka- ^.?! c ** 


ble for a most formidable Pestilence which Giom, l™. 
devastated Europe, and is said to have been 
attended with this singular Circumstance, 
that the Children born after the Pestilence 


bcxii Notes. 

had begun, were found to be deficient in the 

usual Number of Teeth. It may be enough 

to quote from our English Annalists, the 

Chronicle of Caxton. Speaking of the 23rd 

Year of King Edward the Third, the Histo- 

Caxton's nan says : " % And in the xxiij Yere of his 

ChronicU, R e gne, in y e East Partyes of the Worlde, 
foL LoncL 

1528, fuL there began a Pestylence and Deth ofSara- 
syns and Paynyms, that so grete a Detli was 
never herde of afore, and that wasted away 
the People, so that unneth the tenth Persone 
was left alive. If And in the same Yere, 
about y c South Countrees there fell so moche 
Rayne, and so grete Waters, that from Chryst- 
masse unto Mydsomer there was unnethes no 
Dave nor Nyght but that rayned somewhat, 
through which Waters y c Pestilence was so 
enfected, and so haboundant in all Countrees, 
and namely, about y e Court of Home, and 
other Places, and See Costes, that unneth 

Sotes. Ixxiii 

there were lefle lyuyng Folke for to bury them 
honestly y r were deed. But made grete Diches 
and Pyttes y r were wonders brode and depe, 
and therin buryed them, and made a Renge of 
deed Bodyes, and cast a lytell Krth to couer 
them aboue, and than cast in another Renge of 
deed Bodyes, and another Renge aboue them. 
And thus were they buryed, and none other 
wyse, but yf it were so y l they were Men of 
grete Estate, so that they were buryed as ho- 
nestly as they myght." And again, " And in FoL cx*iii. 
this same Yere," [24 Edic. III.] "and in the 
Yere afore, and in the Y T ere nexte folowvnge, 
was so grete a Pestylence of Men from the 
Eest in to the West, and namely through 
Botches, y l they that sekened, as on this Daye, 
dyed on the thyrde Daye after, to y* whiche 
Men y c so dyed in this Pestylence had but 
lytell Respyte of theyr Lyggynge. Than 
Pope Clement of his Goodnes and Grace, 

Ixxiv Notes. 

gave them full Remyssyon and Forgyuenea 
of all theyr Synnes that they were shryuen of, 
and this Pestylence lasted in London fro Mi- 
ghelmasse vnto August nexte followynge, al- 
most an hole Yere. And in these Dayes was 
Deth without Sorowe, Weddynges without 
Frendshyp, wylful Penaunce, and Derth with- 
out Scarsete, and Fleynge w'out Refute or 
Sucour, for many fledde from Place to Place 
bycause of the Pestylence, but they were in- 
fected, and might not escape y f Deth, after y l 
y* Prophete Isaie sayth, AVho that fleeth fro 
the Face of Drede, he shall fall into the 
Dyche. And he y 1 wyndeth him out of y* 
Dyche, he shall be holden and tyed with a 
Grenne. Rut whan this Pestylence was ccsed, 
as God wolde, unnethes y* tenth Parte of 
the People was left on lyue. IF And in 
y* same Yere began a wonders thynge, that 
all y* were borne after y e Pestylence had two 

Xotet. lxxr 

Cheketethe in ther Heed lesse than they had 

Ifollinshed records in like Manner the Chron. »,&. 
Fact of the Pestilence, and the Desolation""; 1 "*; 
caused by it throughout Europe. Of London 378-9. 
he says that the Death " had bin so great and L<md * 15h7 ' 
vehement within that Citie, that over and be- 
side the Bodies buried in other accustomed 
burieng Places, (which for their infinit Num- 
ber cannot be reduced into Account), there 
were buried that Yeare" [viz. 13o0] " dailie, 
from Candlemasse till Easter, in the Charter- 
house Yard of London, more than two hun- 
dred dead Corpses." He also notices the Fact 
of the Children wanting Teeth, but he makes 
the Defect to be four, not two " cheke Teeth," 

as Caxtori* Chronicle stated : " % This Yeare 1Hd - P» 

in August died Philip de raloti the French 

King. Here is to be noted, that all those 

that were borne after the Beginning of that 

g 2 

ixxvi Notes. 

great Mortalitie whereof ye have heard, w anted 
foure cheke Teeth (when they came \o the 
time of Growth) of those 32 which the People 
before that Time commonlie vsed to have, so 
that they had but 28." 

Our Author, it will be observed, differs from 

Ilollinshed in making the Defect "eight grete 

Teeth," and in this he has the Authority of 

the second Continuator of the Chronicle of 

ir.tchery, William tie Nanyis, published by D'Achery 

Spicileg. m j ll!4 Spicilegium ; a Narrative which appa- 

tuin. iii. p. *■ \ • \ 

loy, mj. parently has been the Source from winch many 

of our English Chroniclers have borrowed. 
It contains a very minute History of this me- 
morable Pestilence, with several curious Par- 
ticulars not mentioned by other Writers. The 
Author endeavours to account for the Plague 
by supposing the Explosion of a Comet, whose 
sudden Evaporation, he suggests, may have 
disseminated in the Atmosphere pestilential 

Notes. l**vii 

Vapours. He tells us also that the Jews were 
suspected of having poisoned the Fountains, 
and that many of them were in consequence put 
to Death, and burnt, in various Places. The 
circumstance of the Children born with a 
smaller Number of Teeth is thus recorded: — 

Cessante autem dicta cpidemid, pestilcntid, /M.p. llo. 
etmortalitatc t nupserunt viri qui remanscrunt 
et mulicres ad invicem, conceperunt uxores 
residua per mundum ultra modum, nulla ste- 
rilis ejficicbalur, sed pragnantes hinc inde 
videbantur, et plures geminos paricbant, et 
aliqua tres infantes insimul vivos cmitte- 
bant ; scd quod ultra modum admirationcm 
facit, est quod dicti pueri nati post tempus 
illud mortalitatis supradicta, et dcinceps t 
dum ad atatcm dentium devencrunt, non 7iisi 
viginti dentes vel viginti duos in ore commit- 
niter habucrunt, cum ante dicta tempora Ao- 
minet de communi cursu triginta duos denies, 

I.xxviii y oteSt 

sub et supra, simul in mandibulis habuissent. 
Quid autem numerus iste dentium in post 
natis signijicet, multum miror, nisi dicatur, 
quod per talent et tan tarn mortalitatem homi- 
num iiifinitorum et successio?iem aliorum et 
reliquorum qui remanserant t mundus est quo- 
dammodo r en ova t us et seculum, ut sic sit 
qmedam nova atas ; sed proh dolor / ex 
hujus renovations seculi non est mundus prop- 
ter hoc in melius commutatus. Nam homines 
fuerunt postea magis avari et tenaccs, cum 
viulto plura bona quam antea possiderent ; 
magis etiam cupidi, et per lites brigas et rixas 
atque per placita seipsos conturbantes, nee 
per hujusfnodi terribilem mortis pestem a Deo 
inflictam fuit pax inter Reges et dominos re- 
formata, quinimo inimici Regis Francia ac 
etiam guerrte Ecclesice fortiores et pejores 
quam ante per mare et per terram suscitave- 
runt, et mala ampliora ubique pullularunt. 

Notes. lxxix 

Et quod iterum mirabilefuit ; nam cum omnit 
abundantia omnium bonorum csset, cuncta 
tamen cariora in duplo fuerunt , tarn de rebut 
utensilibus, quam de victualibus, ac etiam de 
mercimoniis et mercenariis et agricolis et 
scrvis, exceptis aliquibus hereditatibui et do* 
mibus quce supcrflue remcnserant his diebut. 
Charitas etiam ab Mo tempore refrigesccre 
coepit valde, et iniquitas abundavit cum igno- 
rantiis et peccatis : nam pauci invenicbantur 
qui scircnt aut vellent in domibux, villi? , et 
castris, informare pueros in grammaticalibut 

The Allusion contained in the Tract before 
us to the Circumstance of the Children want- 
ing Teeth, may possibly be urged as an Ob- 
jection to the early Date of 1350, which it 
claims for itself. For if this Circumstance of 
the Want of Teeth be a Fable, it is not proba- 
ble that it could so soon have become current ; 



and if on the other hand it be true, it seems 
hardly possible that the Fact could have been 
ascertained in 13o0, respecting all Children 
born since the first Pestilence, i. e. since 
13-18. However, it is possible that by the 
Jirst Pestilence our Author may have alluded, 
not to that of 1318, but to that of 1310, which 
D«? event. is thus described by Knighton, under that 
fA d ^w: " I n estate scilicet anno grade M. ccc.xl., 
Script.) accidit qiuedam execrabilis et enormis infirmi* 
tan in Anglia quasi communis, et prwcipue in 
comitatu Leicestriw, adeo quod durante pas- 
sione homines emiserunt vocem latrabilem ac si 
esset latratus canum; etfuit quasi intolerabilis 
poena durante paasione, Exinde Juit magna 
pestilentia hominum" 

It is no Doubt a Difficulty that the Continu- 
ator of William de iXangis und other Chro- 
nicler*, represent the Phenomenon of the Want 
of Teeth as the Consequence of the Pestilence. 

Col. 2JS0. 

Notes. l»« 

of 1348, but the Story may have originated at 
the former Period, although later Writers re- 
corded it in Connexion with the more recent 
and more formidable Pestilence. 

The Editor, however, leaves this Question 
to be decided by future Research, and by 
Judges more competent than himself. It is 
not impossible that the whole Passage in which Set p. mi. 
the Date of " thrittene hundrid yere and sixo 
and fifty" has been given, may prove to be a 
Quotation from the Book referred to under 
the Title of " Joachim in the Hook of the 
Seedis of Profetis," and if so, the Tract be- 
fore us must of course be the Production of a 
later Period. 

Pagb xxxiii. line 1. 

jWcrlin Ambrose. 
For the History of Mcvlyn, see Geffrey of 

lxxxii Notet, 

Monmouth's Ilistoria Regum Britanni(t % Lib. 
vi. c. 17, 18. The famous Prophecy olMerlyn 
will be found in Lib. vii. c. 3, 4. It has also 
been repeatedly published in a separate Form, 
with the Commentaries in seven Books of 
A Inn us de Insults, 

Ibid, line 3. 

of f c myscfceif. 

In the original MS. these Words are re- 
peated, M in the tyme of the myscheif of the 
myscheif of the Kok ;" the Editor did not 
deem it necessary to retain so obvious a Mis- 
take of the Transcriber. 

Ibid, line 5. 

ft stxtc of Crlontf. 
This Personage is mentioned in numerous 

Note* ~ l***M 

Prophecies circulated under the Names of 
Alertyn, Gild as, Hubert of Bridlington, Sybill, 
and others, in the fourteenth and fifteenth 
Centuries, many of which appear to have had 
their Origin in the Prophecy of Mtrlyn, pre- 
served by Geoffrey of Monmouth, already re- 
ferred to, where we find " the sixte oflrlond* 
thus notieed :— 

Sextus Hihernia! mania suhvertet,et nemora Galf. Ma- 
in planitiem mutabit: Viversas portioncs ••JJjU^JJT 
unum reducet, et capite leonis coronabitur. Rer. Brit- 

The following Collection of Prophecies re- *?*'„ p Jj # 
lating to Sextus of Ireland y is from a MS. H<id*lb. 
written about the Middle of the Fourteenth 
Century, and preserved in the Library of 
Trinity College, Dublin. 

Iste sunt prophetic diuerse a diuersis pro- Cod. MS. in 

phetate de Sexto Hibernie, qui vocatur Dominus S «J ' 


Tab. 2, So. 

[here there is an erasure in the MS.] Hex An- IhAlCl B 

glie et Francie et Sextus Duminus Hibernie, de 7 ° fol jo^ 

lxxxiv Notes. 

quo Prophetie sunt notate, Hermerus Dominus 
sapientum. Anno a Creatione mundi sex 
Vid CuhHh M - Ccc ei llll - x * Lilium regnant in nobiliore 
attem Ckro- mundi iiwutbit se contra senem leonem, et veniet 
nici> • . . • .... 

N U, ifl terrain eius inter spinas regnt sut> et ctr« 

Dacherii cumdabitjilium leonis Mo anno Ji reus Jlras in 
Spirit, t.iii. ... ,v . .. . . . 

lot w hert brachio sua. Cuius regnum ent m terra tune 

thu fro/the- ti, nt > n< { U 3 j )t >r vniuersum mundum potestate 

cy is attri- ..... 

butid to agentis principalis, cum magno exerettu suo 

Johannes de (ransiet an tins et gradietur in terrain leonis 
Mm*. ....... 

carentts auxtlw, quia bestie regwms sue iam 

dentibus suis eius pellem dilaceraverint. Illo 

anno veniet Aquila a parte orientali, alis ex* 

tensis super solem, cum multitudine pullorum 

suorum, in adiulorium Filii hominis. Mo anno 

Aquila destruetur. Amor mag n us erit in 

mundo. Una die in quadam parte leonis erit 

bellum inter plures regrs crudeles, quod usque 

ad diem Mum non rider unt homines ; Ma die 

erit sanguinis diluvium, etperdet Lilium coro- 

Notes. l*xx 

nam sol is, fjuatn accepit dquila, de qua Ftlius 
hominis pottmodum curonabitur. Per quatuor 
annus sequentes Jient multa in mundo prelia 
inter oynnes homines Jidem tenentes, quia Mo 
tempore credenda sunt. Ovinia tunc erint 
communia, Maior pars mundi destruetur, 
caput mundi erit ad terrain dtelinatum, Filius 
hominis et Aquila relevabunt Me [nic], et tunc 
erit pax in toto urbe terrarum, et cvpiajrue* 
tuum, ctjilius hominis marc transiet, et portabit 
signum mirabile ad terram prumissiunis, sed 
prima causa sibi pcrmissa remanebit. 

Item versus illius sompnuitoris riri religiosi, per 

quus versus cagiwsvitur Scxtun Ilihomiff. 
Illius imperium gens barbara tenciet Mum, 
Roma volet tanto principe digna did, 
Conferet hie Mome plus laudis quam sibi Roma, 
Plus dabit hie orbi quam dabit orbis ei. 
Versus vaticinates dc Normannia, de eodem Sexto. 
Anglia transinittet Leopardum lilia Gulli, 

Ixxxvi Xotes. 

Quipede calcabit Cancrum cum fratre su- 
perbo t 

Ungues diripient Leopard i Gallica regna, 
Circulus inuictus circumdabit undeperibunt. 
Anglia regnabit, Vasconia^orta redibit 
Ad iuga consueta Leopard i Flandria magna 
Flumina concipient que confundent gene- 

Lilia marcescenty Leopardi posse rigebit, 
Ecclesie sub quo itbertas prima redibit. 
Huic Babilon veniet truces aras non teret 

Aeon Ierusalem Leopardi posse redempte. 
Ad cult urn fidei gaudebunt se redituras, 
Imperium mundi sub quo dabit hie heremita. 

Versus cuiu.ulem nomine GiMas, per quantum tern- 
}>us rt-i^nabit idem Sextiis. 

Ter tria lustra tenent cum semi tempora 

En cagus in primoperdet f subjine resumet, 

Notes. lxxxvii 

MuUa rapit medio volitans sub fine secundi, 
Orbem submittet reliquo, clerumque redueet 
Ad stat urn primum, post hoc renouat loca 

Hinc terram sperncns secundo etfiere scandit. 

In another MS. in the Library of Trinity Cod. MS. Us 
College, Dublin, there is preserved a Pro- *L bl - ColL 

, 5*s. i rin. 

phecy in which Sextus of Ireland is also Dubi. Class. 
mentioned, and which, as the Editor is in- ?; T f£ i\ 
formed by his learned Friend John Holmes, xliii. 
Esq., of the British Museum, occurs also in 
the Arundel MS. 57, fol. 4, b., where it is 
entitled, "VersusGyldedeProphctiaAquile." 

It will suffice to quote from this Prophecy 
the Lines where Septus is mentioned. 
Sextus Ilybernensis milleno militc cinctus, 

llostibus expulsis castra relicta petet, 
Menia subcersa vix antrix apta ferarum 

P'mget ct eicctus bubo nccabit apem. 

Ixxxviii Notes, 

ft foitt is our king fotp ftts cf)itorcn. 

" The witt," i. e. tho Meaning; alluding 

probably to tho Interpretation given of this part 

of the Prophecy by Alanus de Insulis, who 

supposes the then reigning King Henry II. and 

his Sons to bo intended ; his Words are :— 

Prophetia Henricus qui nunc in Anglia regnat, quinque 


vii. Libri* Jtltos susceptt ex liegina conjuge sua, quorum 

explana- units 7/tortuus est, quatuor vero supersunt. 
tionum * . . 

JUni de Habuit et scxtum ex concubina, qui clericut 

/iuu/m. est.matnue, ut aiuntjuxta (etatem,probitatis. 

1603. 12™*. Hie itaque vel sextus dicctur Henrici Regis 
" Kp ' ' JiliuSy si mortutts ille quern habuit ex Regina 
inter alios computctur, vel quintus, si soli 
supcrstitcs a prophcta numerantur, et alius 
adhuc expectandus, quern hie 3extum appcllat. 
Possumus tamen sextum istum intelligere t 
qui in Anglia rcgnaturus sit post quatuor istos, 

Notes. \xxx\x 

et alium quintum quicunque ille sit, hoc est 
she istorum frater, sive won, de quo dicitur 
quod Hybernia? sit mania subvcrsurus, ex* 
cisurus ncmora, et in planitiem mutaturus 
diversas portiones t id est regna diversa, non 
est enim unum regnum, sed plura, ad unum 
regnumreducturus t ejusquecoronam,assumpta 
fcritate et fortitudine itunina, sua capite im- 

Ibid, line 9. 

Scibtllc nccorbtf Ijcrto. 

The Verses of " Sibille" here quoted are to be 
found in a large Collection of other Prophecies of 
the same character, in a Manuscript of the four- Cod. MS. 
teenth Century, preserved in the Library of Tri- 'JjJ'^ 1 "* 
nity College , Dublin. The Editor is alsoenabled, Trin. Dub- 
through the Kindness of Mr. Holmes, to give Tal) 5 j^" 
here a complete Copy of them from the Cotton J0« 

xc Note*. 

MS. Claud. B. vii., collated with the Arutidel 
MS. 57, fol. In this latter MS. which is 
written, as Mr. Holmes conjectures, in a Hand 
of about the Year 13.50, and also in the Dub- 
lin MS. the Line Terra motus, $c. comes im- 
mediately before the Line Millenis ducentenis. 
The other various Readings are given in the 
Margin; A. denoting the Arundel, and D. the 
Dublin Manuscript. 

• Dmt tttul. " Sybil la de event ibus regnorum et eorum Iiegum 
in Cod. Dnb- ante fi uem muw Jj." » 

tin. J 

Gallorum lenitas Germanos iustijicabit t 
Italia; yravitas Gallos confusa necabit. 
cumbe* S !\ C " Succumbet Gallus b , Aquilae victricia* signa 
!>• Mundus adorabitf erit urbs sub e preside 

c Victoria. D. 
-Ai.horre- digna. 

1'it. D. Millenis ducentenis nonaqinta sub annis. 

•Vox. D. * 

'Aliis, D. Et tribus ( adiunctis, consuryet aquilagrandis. 

Notes. xci 

Terra motut erunt, quos* non procul h angu- rErit,quem. 

ror esse, *• 

fc Pliu. A. 

Constantino cades, et equi de marmore facti, 

Et lapis erectus, et multa palatia Rome. 

Papa cito moritur, Cesa. regnabit ubique, 

Sub quo tunc vana cessabit gloria 1 cleri. •Cewalwrot 

Anno tnillesimo C.ter vicesimo v. dabit ether 

Blada vina fractus fiet pro principe luctus ; 

Una colurnpna cadet, qua terrain schismate 

Gens pcriet subito, Petro testante perito. 

The last four Verses occur only in the Dub- 
lin MS., and seem to contain an Allusion to the 
Prophetical Doctrines of Peter John, or rather 
of his Followers. The Date intended is pro- 
bably 1325, taking " C.ter" for CCC ; and that 
this Year was one of the Eras fixed by the 
Beguins for the Revelation of Antichrist, ap- Limborch. 
pears from the Liber Sentcntiarmn Inqui~ ItllU Jn ' 

qui tit. ad 

sitionis Tholosana, published by Limborch ; fi n . p. 303. 
H 2 

xeii Notes, 

for Example Petrus Moresii, a Beguin, recep- 

tus ad U return ordinem Sancti Francisci conjw 
yatus, was examined by the Inquisitors on the 
8th of April, 1322, and declares, Credidit et 
credebat jirmiter, tempore quo captus fuit, 
quod Antichristus esset venturus, et consump- 
tnaturus cur sum suum, infra annum quo com- 
putauitur incamacio Domini m.ccc.xxv. 

The Verses, as quoted by our Author, are 
very corrupt in the Original MS. The Editor 
has therefore ventured to alter "n'ccMs" into 
11 victricia ," »« urbis" into " wros," and 
11 tessabit" into " cessabit." 

Ibid, last line. 


Tin's Word is very probably corrupt, although 
Lewis, who appears to have recoived from Dub- 
tin a Transcript of this Tract, or copious Ex- 

A5*«. xcm 

tracts, does not seem to have considered it so, 
for he has inserted the Word in hi« Glossary, 
and quotes for it only the Authority of the 
Passage before us ; he says, 

44 Elispired, perhaps for expired. Secular Hist, of the 
power of the Hooly Goost expired, alluding to /j' ( >/,v o»f. 
the secular Power the Popes have. For having ls -°- 
quoted four Verses of Sibillc, one of which is: obsolete 
Papa cito moritur, Casar rcanabit ubinuc, noT ? l > in 

1 %oc.) 

Wiclif adds, thei that tretcn this Verse of 
Sibille, allc that I have seen, accorden in this, 
that secular power of the Hooly Goost clis* 

Page xxxiv. line 13. 
ft toortris of 2Josue 2. c°. ft f rfo&c 

The Editor is unable to explain this Re- 

xciv Notes. 

Ibid, line 17. 

ft jllwsttx of S-c&oIds tefjerstf . 

Peter Comestor, Chancellor of the Cathedral 

of Paris in 1164, and Author of the Historia 

Scholastica, is the Person here called Master 

of Schools. The Passage referred to occurs in 

the Hist. SchoL on the third Book of Kings, 

cap. viii. (not cap. v. as quoted by our Author), 

and is as follows : — 

Petri Co- Fabulantur ludei ad eruderandos lapides 

Hirttorit celcriiLS habuisse Salomonem singuinem rer- 

HUt SchoL ... . ,„ . .. ., 

N'\ Florent. fniculi qui lamir duttur : quo aspcrsa mar- 

\5'26.fol. mora facile iccabantur, quern invcnit hoc 

CXVll. J ill 

modo. f Erat Salomoni strutio habens pul- 
lum, et incluius est pullus sub vase vitreo. 
Quern cum videret strut io t sed habere ncquirct: 
de descrto tulit vermiculum : cuius sanyuine 
liniuit vitrum, etfractum est. 

Notes. xcv 

The same Story with the very same mystical 
Application of it which is made by our Author, 
is given by Peter Berchorius in his Reducto- 
rium morale* who quotes from Gervase of 
Tilbury. This latter Writer, as we learn from 
Berchorius, took the Story from Peter Comes- 
tor, and being an Englishman, was most proba- 
bly the immediate Source from which the Au- 
thor of the Tract before us derived it, especially 
as Gervase wrote upwards of a Century before 
Berchorius, who died in 1302. The Editor has 
not had an Opportunity of consulting the Work 
of Gervase of Tilbury, but it is probable tha* 
Berchorius has done little more than extract 
his Words. 

Dc struthione mirabile quid ponit Gerua- Btrrhorii 
sius, ct videtur accivcrc dc Historia Scholas- £*■ ,"•*• 

* lib. xiv. c. 

tica. Dicunt Iuda»i (ut ait) quod cum Salomon 60. n. 4. p. 
tcmplum adijicarct, ut lapides citius sculpe- \ ct ^eL 
rentur t inclusit pullum struthionis in vase 1683 - 

xcvi Xotes. 

vitreo, quern cum struthio habere nequiret, 
ad desertum iuit, et exinde vermem qui Tha- 
tou8 dicitur, apportauit, cuius sanguine vt- 
trum liniuit ; fractoque statim vitro, pullum 
recuperauit. Quo agnito Salomon de san- 
guine illoru?n vermium lapides templi fecit 
liniri, et sicfaciliter potuerunt imprimi vel 
sculpi. Idem verb Geruasius dicit Romze in 
quodam antiquo palatio Jialam liquorc lactco 
plenum, esse inuentam, quo liniti lapides 
facillimi! sculpebantur. Talis vermis vidctur 
fuisse Christua. Pullus cnim Struthionis, i. 
homo (qui erat per crcationcm pullus, et 
Jilius Dei Patris) fuerat incarccratus, et 
carceri culpie et pance, a mundi principio 
destinatus. Struthio ergo, i. Deus Pater, a 
deserto paradisi, vermem, t. Christum homi- 
nem factum, adduxit, et ipsum per passio- 
nem occidit, vel occidi pcrmisit, et sic cuyn 
isto sanguine portas carceris infcrnalisf regit, 

Notes. xcvii 

et pullum suum hominem liberavit. Zac. 9. 
Tu ante in in sanguine testamenti tut eduxisti 
vinctot tuos de lacu, Jgitur quicunque ro/a- 
erit Inpidem, quicunque cor suum durum et 
lapideuniy per contritionem scindere, et per 
conversationem sculpere decreuerit, adhibeat 
sanguinem huiw vermin, i. dummica passionis 
memoriam, et liquorem lacteum memorise sua* 
henedictfC) et sic nunquam erit ita durum nut 
ttbstinatum, quin recipiat contritiouis scissu* 
ram, et correctionis sculpturam. Kzech. 30. 
Auferam cor tapideum de came vestra, et da- 
bo vobis cor carncum. 

The same Story occurs in some Copies of c,rna n»- 
tlie Gesta Roma nor um. where the Artifice by ■ ,awor *'"» 

,, J &c. trankU- 

which the Worm " thumare, (as it is there tod from the 
called,) Mas detected, is ascribed to the Em- Latinbythe 

Rev. Char- 

peror Dioclttian of Rome. See Swans Trans- let Sua*. 
lation of the Gesta liomanorum, vol. I. Introd. /^* 
p. lxiv. 1824. 

xcvui Notes, 

The Name of the Worm, to which the mar- 
vellous Property of breaking Stones is ascribed, 
is corruptly given by the foregoing Authori- 
ties. It is called by the Jews, not tamir, or 
thamus, but schamir p*!2tT), and frequent Al- 
lusions to it occur in the Habbinical Writers. 
The original Story is to be found in the Tal- 
mud, and seems intended to explain what we 
read 1 Kings, vi. 7, that neither Hammer nor 
Axe nor any Tool of Iron was heard in the 
Temple of Salomon while it was in building. 
Talmud The following is an abridged Account of the 
TracV original Legend: Solomon, when about to 
Gittin. fol. build the Temple, perceived by his Wisdom, 
that it would be more acceptable to God, if 
built of Stones upon which no Tool of Iron 
had ever been raised. Whereupon he inquir- 
ed of the Rabbis how this was to be effected.— 
They told him that he must procure the Worm 
Schamir, by the Help of which Jloses had cut 

09. col. 1,3. 

Notes. *«* 

the Stones of the High Priest's Ilreastplatc. 
Solomon then inquired where this Worm was 
to be found. The Habbis confessed their Ig- 
norance, but advised him to summon certain 
Devils, and compel them, by Torments, to 
make the Discovery ; this was done, and the 
Devils answered, that Atchmedai, the King of 
the Devils, alone, could tell where the Worm 
Schamir was to be found. Accordingly, lie* 
naiah, Son of Jehoiada, was sent with a Chain 
on which the Name of (Jon was inscribed, to 
bind Aschmedai, and bring him before Solomon. 
It took some Time to capture Aschmedai, and 
a long Account is given of the Difficulties of 
the Undertaking. At Length, on the third 
Day, he is brought to Solomon, who asks him 
for the Schamir, Aschmedai answers, It is 
not in my Keeping ; butSara'Dima (the Angel 
that presides over the Sea) has it, and he will 
entrust it only to the Wild-Hen (Nbttnn), 


from whom he exacts an Oath for its safe Re- 
turn. Solomon asked what the Wild-Hen did 
with the Schamir ; the Daemon answered, She 
brings the Worm to the Rocky Mountains, 
destitute of Grass and Verdure, and by its 
means she breaks down their Rocks ; she then 
carries up the Seeds of Trees, and thus the 
Mountains, once Barren, become covered with 
Woods. Having obtained this Information, 
Solomon sought out the Nest of the Wild- Hen, 
and enclosed it, with her Young Ones, in a 
Covering of transparent Crystal. The Wild- 
Hen, on her Return, seeing her Xest andYoung 
Ones, but finding herself unable to enter it, 
flew away, and soon after returned with the 
Worm Schamir ; whereupon Solomon's Ser- 
vants, who had been lying in Wait for her, set 
up a great Shout, which so terrified her, that 
she dropped the Worm, and thus Solomon ob- 
tained Possession of it. The Wild-Hen, how- 

Notes. a 

ever, flew away, and hanged herself, for having 
lost the Worm, and broken her Oath. See 
Eisenmenger y Entdecktet Judenthum Theil, 
I. p. 350. Johan. Christoph.Wagenseilii Sota, 
p. 1072, and Buxtorfti Lexicon Chald. et 
Talmud, in voce T 1 — E?. 

Page xxxv. line 1. 

after ft talis of trim's of §?aIamon. 

That is, " reherseth, after, or according to, 
the Tales or Legends of the Jew s, concerning 

Ibid, line 8. 

tfjc glass to barst. 

To, perhaps for "al to," statim, peni- 
tus. Thus in our English Version of the 
Bible, (Judg. ix. 53.) " And a certain Woraan 

«i Notes. 

cast a Piece of a Millstone upon AbimeUch'i 
Head, and al to brake hli Skull." 

Ibid, line 1 1. 

pc on 1 ttucntn inline. Qi. 

Tho lxlitor is not sure that ho has rightly 
deciphered the Letters represented by ** 2t ;" 
he once thought they were •' ti" but this 
seemed inexplicable, and he now believes them 
to be an Attempt of a very ignorant Transcriber 
to represent in Arabic Numerals the Number 
of the Psalm referred to. 

Pa ciK xxxvi. line 15. 

}3oul foritip to tfje Romans. 

This Reference belongs to what goes before, 
not to what follows. Mr. Vaugkan, in his Life 



ofWydiffe % not perceiving this, has iltered JJJ \^ 
the Text to make the Sense perfect, and quotes Edit, 
the Passage thus: " So, when we were sinful, 
and the Children of Wrotli, God's Son came 
out of Heaven, and praying His Father for 
His Enemies, lie died for us. Then much 
rather shall we be saved, now we are made 
righteous through His Blood. St. Paul 
writeth to the Romans, that Jesus should 
pray for us, and that lie went into Heaven to 
appear in the Presence of God for us. The 
same also he writeth to the Hebrews, the 
which Presence may He grant us to behold, 
who liveth and reigneth without End. — 

Mr. Vaughan, however, does not tell his 
Readers what Passage of the Epistle to the 
Romans, occurring, also, in the Epistle to the 
Hebrews, he supposes our Author to have 
quoted. There exists, in Fact, no such Pas- 



sage ; nor does the Text stand in Need of any 
Kmendation. The References, in both Cases, 
come after the Passages quoted ; and this re- 
moves all the Difficulty which Mr. Vaughan 
appears to have found in the Reading of the 
original Manuscript. 

hn is. 

Princeton Theological Seminary Libraries 

1 1012 01199 0092