Skip to main content

Full text of "The last vvill and testament of Basil Valentine, monke of the order of St. Bennet : which, being alone, he hid under a table of marble, behind the high-altar of the cathedral church, in the imperial city of Erford : leaving it there to be found by him, whom Gods providence should make worthy of it : to which is added two treatises, the first declaring his manual operations, the second shewing things natural and supernatural"

See other formats


'■5> . / 










Bafif Valentine, 

Monke of the Order of 
St. B E N N E T, 

which being alone, 

He- bid under a Tab^c of Marble, behifid the 
Hi^h-AItar of the Cathtdral Ghurch, in the Im- 
perial Gity of Erford: leaving it thereto be 
found by liiai, whom Gods Providence 
fhould make worthy of it. 

To which is added 

The Firfl declaring his Manual Operations* ■ 
The. Second (hewing things Natural and SttJcrna^ 

Neve? before Publiihed in EngUfi» 


Printed hyS.G.nnd B,gAot Edirard Brer^fleri 
and ate to be fold cU the fign of the Cra/zc ' 

To the Readen 

IF wc TcRcdt on former Agcs,and confider hoV 
few there were of fucli that employed them* 
CcWcs in the fcruciny of the fccret Arcamtms > 
of Nature^ and how deftitute the Philuro* 
phers of thofe times were of thofe hcipes and ad-^ 
Vintages that conduce to the right undcrftanding 
of fnch Mi fieri es which we enjoy. ThiiHermcs 
the Prince of Philofophers Icemed to be alone,and 
the only Invciitoiir of this moil excellent Art. 
Crvmerui tht Abbot, and our Country-man, after 
thirty years lludy, and cxpenlive pradife and la- 
bour, was compelled to feek in Italy far a Mailer^ 
Flamell the Lnmian did partake of the fame hard 
Fortune, togctlier with many other of the Anci- 
ents. Our Author B.ifilm confelTeth that he 
(hould never have attained unto the knowledge of 
this Art, if by Gods fpecial grace Ibme Books of 
the Ancient Maftcrs had not come into his hands; 
Have we not then caufc to blels God that we are 
in fuch an Age, and in fuch a Nation al fo wherein 
we nnay convcrfe with many, both Ancient and 
Modern, fuch vvhote works do fpeak 
them to be Servants to the Molt High, beloved of 
him, and acquainted with the moltoctult and fe- 
tret Myjicrkf atid Arcanumsdi Nutur'e^ that hav- 
ing toiled and fpent much ot their precious time 
in frturlefs labours, to prevent the like in their 
(iicceflb'.ir^s \u\x diicovued, and i$ it- wcxq chalk- 

A 2 «* 

To the Readerl 
cd out the'way ( fo far as was lawful for them tc 
^o ) how the Ingenious may attain to the tru 
under ftanding of this Noble Art : Such is our 
B t/z/i;rf, who from his infancy was dedicated to 
the fervice of God ? .and did fo well improve 
thofe fpi ritual aiid natural Talents he was entruii- 
ed withal, that there was not any thing he at^ 
tempted the knowledge of, that was concealed 
f;om him. Of fo charitable and liberal a fpirit 
was he of, that he became ufeful and helpful ^ 
liis Brethren, not cnly in curing their Maladies, 
but intruding them in the knowleigeof Natures 
fecrets ; Alfo he could not go to his eternal reft 
in peace, unlcfs he imparted unto polkrity the 
means and wayes how he attained unto lo great 
Mifteries. Wllich Mifierics, and the feveral pro- 
ceftes and ways of Operation you will hnd in this 
llibfcquent Trcatife, being the moft principal, ex- 
cellent, and plain of all his works ^ and I may 
juftly fay, of all the Books that are extant on this 
ILbje^. It is one of the grcateii unhappinclles 
that doth accompany Mankind, that there isfuch 
zBaheil ot Languages, that every Language is 
not undcrliood in every place, this alone prevents 
the difcovery and growth of many profound Mi'- 
rteries,'how ignorant were our predecelfors of the 
work* of Bafillui^ becaufe they were wr^pt up 
for the moft part in the German Language, very 
little thereof being in Latiuc^ until ot late years 
this part was^one into Englijh-, as it is prefumed i 
by one that uiflerftood not the terms of the^rf, 
by the many grofsmiliakes committed, as the ren- 
dring Vitrum Antimonii-, the Vitr^sl of Antimony^ 
andmany other, fothat out of the Love I heart 
the Author, .;.n4 to the piopagaung io ingeniou 

1 4) the RcadcrJ 

5!*7Qn(l true an Art and Science, I have Correded , 
^ great part ot' the fbrmerTranllation, and d^ novo 
Tranilatcd the reft, that was fo impcrfedly done 
that it would not admit of amendment, more is 
alfu added unto it, that was not in the tormcr, 
the meannelTe and plainnefsof theftile, pleadeth 
for it felt, that the fubjedl is Left undcrllood in 
that drefs, and that the Author did aftcd it, be- 
ing pleantifully endowed with that grace of hu- 
mility, aftedrlng things more than words, as ap- 
pears throughout his writings. Read him dili- 
, gently and often, for the ofner you read him, the 
plainer doth his works appear, it being ufual with 
the beft of Authors in this Art, to difcover the ie- 
cret Arcanum f moli plainly, yet £o dirperfcdly,and . 
in fo confufed a Method, that the envious and un- ' 
worthy (hall never be able to reduce them into 
their due order> therefore often reiterate the read- 
ing of this Book, and compare his iayings with 
tlie fayiilgs of other Philofophers, and if thou art 
adcptcd unto this ficrcd Science^ thou wilt moii 
. ealily apprehend the Manual Operation there- 
of, I need fay no more concerning oiir Author^ 
if you read his works, they will fufficiently tclti/ie 
his worth. I heartily wilh every one of you, if 
adepted thereunto, as much contentment and plea- 
' fure in the reading and operating the fcveral 
. works herein mentioned and difcovcr^d by our 
Author^ as himfclf had in the vyriiing and expe- 
rimenting them. And that your labours and ex- 
pences may be crowned with equal fuccefs, fo that 
you as devoutly and hunibly undertake the flnter- 
prlfe, as he did, and make fo good an vife of what 
Divine Providence (hall permit you to partake'©!, 
■• as ci^ Author did. Which that your number 

To the Rcaaer. 
may incrcsrfc to the improvement of tnic^«. 
ledge and Philofophy, to the advancement ot the 
Medicinal Science, for the health of Mankind,and 
to the multiplying of riches in your hand, or in 
the hands of fuch that may be helpful to the poor 
and needy, is the daily prayer cf, 




P R E F ^A IC E 


E N T R A N q.„£ 






HcftJS thu time U , cSie^that by the go^d 
^ pleafure df' Alrnighty Gb'd my Creator^ and 

his dearly beloved Son Jefus Chriii , m^ 
Labnratfjryin ibis Qorrupihle JVortd draiveth to ^an 
ind-t and am to' approach from this earthly hahora- 
toty u?tt3 the heavenly^ and atn creeping daily and 
hourly nearer to the end^ and am to cl)/e accords 
ing to the appjvited time of my dear Sjviojtr^ aiming 
it the true Manna , or heavenly fud (f Etcrnat 
'^lifit fighing c mtinnally after the enjoying of fitch 
icbc^ 5 which bjve\i fnlmfs o^ x^^rlajiing fys i 


I th liigU tt wy duty in corifcicHce^ to he reconciled if^ ( 
^jiiChtijirmwiyHo my fiUovp Mcmhe>'Sihjt arc aliv^ I 
a t thd "_ frcferit , andnith thofc^ whlcy ^re in fUcccedm | 
finitn agcs^-fothat my Soul may he at rc% patiently 
naiting for the Lords call-^ And to become anlinhahi" , 
taut of that heavenly taradife^ and to be matricu- 
tl^cd info the book^ of lifc^ and ftand in re^dinefs day 
'tthd nightto look^fir my Lords comings At the conr- 
fideratim hereof I call to miud my rsrritings^ rchich I 
fct dorian to paper-, as otha' ancient Fhilofiphers have 
dnnehefaremi^ pnhlif^nngall fuch myli cries of na-' 
ii&e-t rvh^rcby jrtlflsy, and fuch thft bear an affe- 
m^n and^ love unto frich mylHcal truths may be bene- 
fited^ arid the fame I lovingly and readily leave to 
them^ as much as the highfji Spagyrick^-) arid heaven^ 
ly Fhyfician hath granted and revealed unto me > 
hlytonfcience fitrthtrhiith pycffedmt^intbe purfu- 
an c of a ChrijiJan live^ and performance cf my pro- 
piife^di^ated by nature^ to mike a larger relation^ be- 
ceaufe it is a thing mett and necejjary to fct forth the 
l^anu.ilf which arebtloivzin^ hexe^XQito^ aud ought to 
he 'idefcribcd eifcntjlantially^ to 'inform the judge- 
• vteiit of fuch men addi&ed hereunto to the full-, nanic- 
iyhi}r:> natures bolts ^ rvhichfhe feieral i^ays thrujied 
juTiifard^ to losk^ ftrongly her fecrets^are to he thrujhd 
hac\ i ; ^^^^^ ^^-'^ ^^o>'J" of worldly "freifurcs might be 
Hnl'CK^-i thai the k^ioivlcdge of tranfctndent myficries 
rj.zyte attained unto & upon ferious continued pray- 
pi^^mto the Creat.r^mens' judgement and under jiand- 
in^jn'c'hi ib ' more he eg^d on* 
. I .;r> i^?Kp-Hi upon either by foroe or indigency^, nor 
■ / 3 .; "-:in^^.!x:y^r felf-^nd t'>jet djtvn any letter^ and 
{^ ji'.ft'c./f tj ;■ [ikrity \ onty a meer confideration of 
4^CJ>W-i^ty -^*^d cf the iiiifrablcne^ of tlU ivsrld^vi^hcre 
i^cXihildren of darknejl ure alrmfi <iHiti hji in their 

The Preface' 

froapin^ n>.n', hfthrmfedmetddAfi'' I amn^i 
able to exprc'fi <oorv much my mind U ftfflcxcd^ vphcn 
I thinks OH the folly of this frail r^orld^ ard confd^f 
ih& Cymmerian dark^nejlof itf Childnti^ jn^hich thiuk^ 
themfdves cf deep urjdcrfiandlng^ trhen they havt 
heard fmc fjppenc. if their Vniverfity Chair-men 
difcoHTpfcd flf^ thereby fuppnfiH^ to be much cnlight' 
ned in their underjlandings. Where is that high and 
precious Medicine of the ancient Thiloffhers^ which 
lived before any Vniverfity tPOf talk^d^ 'or heard of^ 
rcho receiiied their Kevelations upon an earneji pious 
prayer unto Gody joyning thereunto their daily jearch- 
ings into natural things ^and laying their havids to the 
rvork^ Whither I fay^ is fled their painfulnefs and ^ 
indujiry r Surely to no other place, than to the horridy 
impurty and fordid Apothecaries-flopSy deeply precipi- 
tated 'and buried in the earthy and funk^ Jo deep ^t hat 
the ringingnor fmnding of hells yand beating of morr 
tcrs are able to roufe it : thus their praife and the glor 
ry ofthehighedis at a ftand\ and tvho produccth any 
good of it ? lihus mtich am I perfivadedy that if my 
■ trritings (hall be produced to light after my deaih-y 
and the judicious pofterityy and Difciples of them 
do rightly ready meditatey and underjland them n^clK 
and do out of a Chrijlian intention feeK.-, divCy am 
v?ork^ the fame only to the glory of Gody and the 
lone and charity of their fohvp Brethren andChrifii" 
anSy then by means of their anions arid n^ork/y that 
dcptndy from fich good and proper fundamentals^ rriJi 
he difcovered and laid open to the publicly vi £jr, ali 
ihofe fopperies and forger ieSyVirhich thcfe great mouthed 
vain-glorious fcHorvSy and high conceited foolSy r^hich 
pfocUim themfelves to be the file FhyfciansandMs- 
jUr^of both Medicines y that is of the inyvard and'out-- 
mardj and arrogate to tbcmfclvfs great dignities And 


murths in the worlds when there is no canfe for it^ 
Their intentioHs are Jet upon no other foundaitmsjjut 
to live in great rejpe&^ to haunt after vain-glory rptth 
d feared confcience^ t» deprieve their fellor» Chrifiians 
#/ their monies by cheating^ nil thty look^ for^ is to be 
talkldof and live in reputation ^ they jHch^fullof 
diabolical pride and vanity up to the ears^ thefe its 
the end^ in great t^o and mifc.ry have their poor Souls 
drorvned moji lamentably ! rvo^ rvo^ to you ^hildre0 
of Satan ! Here I intend not to ufe any prolixity of 
words ^ nor to hriyjg in any fuch matters , r^hich are 
keterogenealtomy purpnfc y attheclofingof mybook^ 
Jmllbemore largs in my exprc^ons^ as far as the 
. heavenly Prince Jhall enable me todi^ Tvherc as for 
m final Corollary to all my vpritings^ I jhall annex 
things n^ith that privijo and intreaty^ that all thofey 
9t>hich intend to he reaJydnd confcionable in their Me-- 
dieamentSy 'may aid and cure their opprejfcd fcllotp 
Chrifiians-^ and to fcarch and inquire into fuch things^ 
which God for fuch purpofes hath ordained-^ and iru'^ 
flantedthem into nature. 

'this prefcnt buok^ of mine dcfcrves to be called [A 
bght unto djr\ncfs\ fir other things^ which in my 
former n>ritings I have difimrfcd of by tray of para^ 
hlesy Ti?hich ftile I made ufe of the rather ^ becaufe it if 
f roper to Philifophers^ are declared in this my laji in" 
formation-i where Ideal in plain and clear jvordsy 
dffcribingy and naming tU matter openly^ Jhemng 
ithe preparations from the beginning-^to the middle and 
ind-i demon\irating-,and fating befire the eyes of men 
the matter in general and particular, C';^^w/z>^, and.. 
jufiifying the truth thereof ^ and making a dlfiin&ion 
hetv^ixt tbegrmnd and no ground^ in fo plain termSy\ 
that the very Children miy undcrfiand-^ and feci i^ 
wpith their hands^And becaufe this beok^ajfii^dctk ano-t 

The Preface. 

fher h^owlcdge-i diffmtjg from others of my nnriiwf^ 
trhcrein I have not vpritUn fi ohfcurcly^ normtde I 
^fi (^ffttchfuhtihies^ai the a>icmtts did^rrho lived he- 
fore mc and ended their djys happily^ therefore dnth 
it require another place aJJi to be laid up in^ and kept 
fecret from the perverfnefs of men in the xrorld* J 
do not defire it fhould be buried with wc, to be a prcy^ 
and food for JVorms^ but it (hall be left above grottttfi, 
dnd }rept ferret from wicked tnen^ and my purpnfe 
y^ that it Jhall be laid into afecret place^ where nnne 
JJiallcome near it^ but hcyforrrhom God hath ordain-* 
ed another voritings of mine jhall fooner fee thepublick^ 

But k^otp thou^wb^evet thru art^ into, whofe hand 
this my la(i tejlament eomes^wJtich contains the 'Ee^ 
V elation of heavenly and earthly wy1eries^itrt?ill hap- 
pen to thee hy a divine providence-, to n>hofc cuflod^ of. 
my devotion then perfrm^dy I committed it^ dep'ftting 

., the Jame into that fccret place together vrith other 
things -i not inf creed upon any grounds of necejfitiesy 
or jiraightnefjes^ to leave it there^ only for him.,Tvhom 
God^s goodnefs Jl^all appoint to find it. For it is not 
good forme to lit God^s creatures andmytlcry^ wlnck 

. 4fe too ahftrufe already^ and ftept from the light intd 
dtrk^efs.^ by reafon of the malicious perverfencfs of 
the mcksd world to dye with me^ as-enviou/s men art 

■ wont to do with gifts., they are entriifiedrvithal j but 
tven leave a gUmpfe of truth and of the clear heaven^ 
thinking befitting to dtfcharge my confciencc inputting 
forth the talent to ufary^ let the will of the Lord be 
done in him., whom he dcemeth to he worthy ofit<, ifH» 
fphofe care and diligence I commit it from henceforth 
sndfor everf For I 4 Cloyjhr-man^ and an unworthy 
Servant of the Divine infinite trinity confcfs^ attd 

' ^^k^oTphdge., that I fljculd never have cm t Jo far in 


The Preface. 

^^y k^flrvkd^e of thefe endkfs niy!lcrksy in the Am'* 
h^y of jf.ttfi^al thim/-,in the nidinrathn^& cban'Ang 
their qu tVitkr , f>r ^ ft^e <^nd ftrongi Hphnld'in-7 of this 
profound k^nnvkd-fT^e, of the true McdiH/ie-y according to 
tMff Ordinance (r^hirchy I am ready to do good to ^U 
■ and every nne^rvhich d(fireth my help herein) Tvbich af 
Thttve dme hithertn^ fo my dcfire k that God would 
enable me todrt the fame to the laji of 'my breathings 
I fay I fhould never have attained unto it^if hyGodf 
fiecial good/uf^^ g/^-^^ ^^i mercy^ fever at hooks had 
mi come into my hands-, r^ritten (f ancient Majkrs > 
vphicb departed thif. life a long time before me^ cauftng 
great jny ti me, ftirring up in me a return of he-^rty 
thanks tri Cody who fo gracioufly rv/K pleifed in his 
providence to hcitow them on me. in the Chyjicr kfore 
any of my FcdorpSf 

fidi Jpeak^ it rvithout any vain-glory^ I hawe done 
fomuch good thereby to my fellnm^'Chrifiians^ as ever 
rpof pojnhle pr me to do^ which next to God , re-* 
turned thanks for it , even to the end of my 
days* . ' ' ■ 

Norv ri>hereM I can be Sten^ard no longsf , I 
have d/ne acording a^ my abilities rpouldgive leave : 
Jet others alf) be indkfiriom^ and mt defective in 
their SteivardfJjip^ I return mine into the faithful 
bands of God Almighty y and dcln<er up to h\f Di- 
vine pors^er and glory^ i^ijhad of the Keys for the 
hcitfe^ all the allotted myfteries Jet dorrn here in my 
Tilting > leaving them to hU difpfng^ to beJioj» 
them after my death unto him^ vchom hk Divine rvill 
fh^ll chufe thereunto^ to be for the k^torpledge of hit 
f raiJc-1^ or: byname y the good and help of fuch, that 
jtand in want of fteccjfaries and'heahhy for the a- 
tf)iding and punning of all worldly pmipe^ prides 
jpantonnefs -i luxury^ rajhmfs^ pleajun^ ca-?^ 


. The Pfef^GC. 

^ctoHfucfiy ' and ^ightfulnefr^ or cOnUmp of or 

Lcrrd God Almighty^ nmciful Gracious Fa^htt 
rf thine only begotten Son Jciiis Chrili , who art 
only the Lord of Sabaoth, the frinci^le of all things 
that are m.idc by thyWoxdy and definite eyid ^f all 
Creatures above and bdorv V I fm\m'if&abk Map^ 
and Earth-rporm , retHrn th^nkj with my bahling 
tongue from the inncrmfi Center of my hurt-y »/jj? 
bs{iheen pkjjcd to enlighten me with the great light ^ 
of thy heavenly and earthly nrifdome^ and the greatest 
mylhries of the created fecrecies and treajures of thU 
IForld^ together with thy Divine fai'ing word ^ by 
Tchich I learn to knovp thine Ahriighty pntr and 
wonders* 'to thee belongs eternal fraife-i kmour^and . 
gl(^y , from eternity unto eternity , that thou haji ■ 
kefiowed on we health and lively hood^ flreyigth^ and 
abilityi ta kehelfftl to myfillovt^ Chrhlians in their 
nccejjjties and infliiled infnnities with thofe my- 
fiical healing Medkines^ together with fuch f^iritual 
comforts^ ti raifi the drooping Jpirits^ Lord-, tothet 
alone belongs fower^ might ^ and glory., to thee ^ 
the praifcy honour-, and gratcfulncH, fur all the mtt-^ 
cies and graces thou haji bejiowed on\we^ andhajl 
frcferved me therein till to tlm my gr&at age-, an4 
lowefi weaJ^efi* 0\ th ni God of all graces., and far^ 
fher of aUcomfortjybe not au^yi^i^hme-, that I 4^" 
liver up tc thee-, mine eternal Creator y the Keys % ftty 
Sttwardjhip-, wrapt np in this Fcrgamene-, aca^ding 
to the duty my calling andconfcience calls for'; ^ii" 
thefe thou fnffer'^jh me to kecp-houfe the moji of my 
time^til'l now-,thou haft calUdyand forcfen me to be thy 
fervant and Steward-, and haft gracietffly afforded^ 
that I Jhould enjoy the n.ble fweet frnits-^which were 
gathered in thy Almmary to my loft injiant end^ 


The Preface. 
l^hlch « 7»?„0 Lord^Ikth in thy power ^ I hjfeech thei 
for the dear merits of Jcfus Chrift, come nojVy whefi 
thou fleafeji^ inclofe my hearty receive my Soul infi 
fhy heavenly 'throne of gracc^ let her he recommend-^ 
ed unto thee gracioujly^ thou faithful God^ vphd 
haji redeemed her on the holy Crop with the moji pre^ 
ciom linUnre of the true bloudofthy holy body : therk 
y my life well ended on^hi4 earthy grant to the body 
aquietrcfiy tiH at the liji djy^ body and foul joyti 
^gain^ and are of a heavenly co^ipojluon : fir now 
my onlydcftre is th he dijfolvcd^ and to be with my 
Lord Chriily Ihe which thou Almiqjny-, Uoly^ and 
fie-avenly trinity grant to me-y andaU goodChrifiUiri 
hilievers. Amen. 

"that I may come to the work^ intendedy and mal^ 

■ ji beginning (f tht wirk^in handy if God be pkafed t'h 

Utthu book^ come tfi thy hands y before dU things un'^ 

ijpfjsntly you return he arty^and unfeigned thank/ for 

p:v in the next place I bcfeech him to beftow on thee 

dlfi grace and blcjjingy a healthful bodyy fucccfi. 

fultyto accompli (h all the points fet dott?n herey which 

itnd t) the well-fare and bene ft of thy Neighbour y 

'and to prepare them according to the Manualsy whicB 

p t^at endl fetdowHy and prcfribe themy that you 

^ly hjppily and fuccesfuVy begin the wor)i^y that the 

middle and end be correjpondent thereunto^ 'then be 

ntft flap-tongu' d^ and re five abflutely in thy hearty 

no\ to ehtruji with thofe myjicrics any maliciouSy un- 

grjttful y and falfe fncny much lefs fhoUldfi thou 

make them p^rtak^rs thereof: for if Almighty God 

jvjtild bejioiv it on other Sy he [cmldd^ it immediately^ 

Mnd grant the fame by other means and ways with- 

i>ut thee* therefore look^ to ity tempt not the Lord 

thy Gidy fur he will mk be moclCd. Be fiknt andre^ 

fttyingM meditmngon Gods punijhmnti jffhich m 


the tf cface. 

ntanii able to out-runsk^ef a gved inUntim i kt no^ 
your gnedy mindrftn ott-^ hon^ycu may get ahundand 
of Gold and Silvtr riches^ and vanity^ hut before aU 
things^ which are mitten herein^ let that be your 
cheifejl aim^ horn y>n may appear helpful in rpord 
and deed to promote the health of thy Neighbonr Chri" 
jiiaH : 'then have you "given-tdnd hronghf an offering 
jof thanks-} and God n>ill hefion> more upon thee-, and 
ppith fuch'Kevelations will come to ihee^ more than 
ever you roould have believed* • ' 

therefore inftead of a pcrfeii Phyficli^ book^^ I have 
annexed at the endthofc precioui Medicines v with 
Tpinch even to this hour J: have cured fuccesfuty many 
difficult Symptnmes.i and difeafes^ held by others to ht 
incurable: which I recommend linto thee with the 
refl of the things contained in thefe writings.^ to thy 
confcicnce to he wary^ and not to abufe any of them^ as 
much or thy life and Smlis near and dear unto thee* ' 
If thou receive^ thUr faithful admonition and 
warnings which I give- unto thee here and there ai. 
the beginnings middle^and end, and in other placed 
alfoj and djcfi accordingly -i then thou canji not bet o» 
thankful for thefe things^ which through Gods per^ 
miffian fhall be intimated and made known to thee out 
if this book; 

Butincaji thru ifpiltftrive againfl my faithful 
wparmng and fatherly admonition^ thefe myfieriesi 
n?hich were hid from the Icarned^and thou fufferji tg 
€ome into ftrange hands I look^ to thy fclf blame 
not me^ think, ntt that there is any reconMation for 
thee-, being out off ffom all thofe^ which liu: and dit 

*thHS I let it refl , committing execution to the 
tiighefl-y which dwelktb in Heaven-, who punifheth 
fnd 0vptg^^ ^ mnner of fin ^ vices^ iniq^ties, 


The I^eface. 

ccjfjry thuT to defcnhe thif niy Declaration before my 
othir lyrltings ^ and to prove ihe fame vp'tth examr' 
fks^ that every one^ wh^m God Jh all judge to he rpor" 
thy of may conceive^ underliartd^ and ftthom thttrtic 
begimuHgy the true middle-^ and the true end of all 
created things • 'thereupon I furpfed to ma\e a he- 

' ginning cf it with a ncceffary relation of the Origi- 
naly beginnings and exijiency of Minerals andMe- 
talsj fr-m which ar'iftth this mijl noble and -precious 
Medicine ^ [rvbcreby is procured a healthful long 
Ufe^ and abundance of riches are obtained: Name* 
ly from ivhencc Minerals dnd Mctals have thcir ori" 

. ginal^ how they be brought to light-, that fcdrcherj 
into Natural things mayk^ow the whole NHnrt m 
her circumference^ before ever they lay hand to the 
^ork^.y and acquaint thcmfclves weiltheremih : then, 
fiillthconeivlll flnam and ruH forth the other'iont 
Art will produce the other \.at I aft ^l I what is fought 
for^ will be overtaken in joy^ and that which batkbetn 
Imfdfor^ -will happily be enpycd* 
y I'his my baok^I divide int^ five parts-iekkofthem 
is Jubdkiidcd i^to certain Chapters and Farts. As 
for the ft He lifedherc^ it ought not to bej:xpe&ed tj be* 
any other than is met for a Miner^ after the conditio^ 
vf Mine-werks^wavth^ all Rhetor ick,i- andfrnical 
mamcr of eloquent expreftons, 


^ It the firft part of my intended work^I willdefhri!?e 
chiefly the manner-, nature, a?id properties ef Mi'ne^ 
mirks, in which gr^of Minerals and MetalSyofthe 
firft Jperm, nativity, quality, and propertyy asalfi cf 
$k exhalation attd inhalations 


♦ The Preface* 


*ih:feeond fart fh all be a kjndof recspltalathnof 
the fkii part J n^herefljdl be contained alfoarcUthn 
of the condition and ocsafion of Mims^ Oars^ Stones^ 
pajfages andCkfts^mth their coherent liquors-^porpers 
and efcrations^ ^ ofGold^ Silver^ Copper^ Iron^ Ttn^ 
LeadyMercury-, and the refi of Minerals » 


In the third part is declared in manifeft^and literal 
exprejjims voithout any defe^ and obfcurity-ithe Uni- 
verfal of this vphole xporld^ hevp allfhilofophersht^ 
fore me^ with me^ and after me^ have made that moft 
ancient great fione^ whereby health and riches were 
obtained^ ofthepoffibility,^ hoW',andofryhatitmaybe 
done-itogetber with a perfi^ Declaration oj my XIL 
Keys^ with the names of our matter, 


In the fonrth part I defcribe all the particulars of 
Metals^ which the one is endued with^ before the o- 
ther^ out of which may be had perfe^ healthy and an 
advantage unto the getting of great riches ^with all the 
Manuals in general and particular^ belonging there\ 
tfntp : this fourth part I have intituled^ the Manuals 
c/Bafilius Valcntinus, wherein isftpewedhorv all ^£e- 
tals and Minerals^ fitting tberamto^ may be brought 
t6 their high d} prep a 'a-ion^ 


The Preface. 
V. ' 

Ih the pftb pjrt 1 have annexed the tranfcendcnt^ 
moji dear wonderful Medicine of all Metals and Mi- 
nerals^ and of other things^ which God Almighty had 
ordainedy and gracioufly granted for men^ n?ho in 
the Valley of mifery are fubje^ to fick^ejfes and po- 
verty-, that they tjry have a remedy to help tkmfclves 
againft hoih' 

God the Father of mercy and falvatinn^ who liv- 
eth from eternity to eternity^ being ahove all the 
Creatures^ grant ^ace and hlcffing to this my fur- 
^ofe-i that I may write fo^ that every one may under- 
fiand^and Gods infinite mercyy& that it together with 
bis graciom goodnefs^redcmption mayfeem k^own-^ac' 
k^owledged^and continually meditated upon-^and every 
one may call en the Great Crcatour day and night ■> 
^mixing t'> them fervc nt hearts fo to dire^ all their 
thoughts^ that they may make no otherwife of this no-, 
hie Creature of God and tranfcendent great myftery of 
Natxre^ together with the Anatomy thereof but only 
to the great honour of God^ and the good of all good 
Children* 'the fame grant this Father Son and Holy 
Gbofi in his mercy^ PiXncn . 



the Cdtttents of the firfl fart of the hool^ 

THe firft Chapter treatethof the acthtnal 
liquor o^ Metals..^ p2g«i' 

The 2. Chap.trcateth of the fe€d of Me- 
tals P^^«4* 
3-. Of Metalline nutriment 7 

4. Of the (hop, or officine of Metals i o 

5. Oftheegrelficnandingrellion of Metals 13 

6. Ofthediffolution and redudionofxMetals 16 
y. Of the afcenfion and dcfcenhon of Metals 19 

8. Of the refpiriwg Metal, or quick Oar 2 x 

9, Of the expiring, or dying Metal 24 
I c . Of pure and fine Metal 2 7 
1 1 . Of the impure Metal 3 b 
i2.0f thcperfedMetal .33 
i^.Of theimperfd(^Mctal ^6 
1 4^ Of the Soap Metal 3 9 
: <; » Of the inhalation, of inbreatliirg 41 

£. Of the exhalation and out breatliings ^3 

7. Of<:orurcation, adhalation, or glittering 45 
Si O^ folium and jf>o/z«w,(him*mcr and glowet 47 

9, Of the ful i ginous, vapours a-nd aihes 4 8 

0. Of the Metalline water, or lie ' 50 

1 . Of the (ctd^ and o f the hull of th^ feed 5 7 

2. Of the dikiing, or hrc rod 5^ 

b 2 Chip. 2 3. Of 

A T A B L E. 

^hap. 23. Of the glowing rod P^g«5^ 

24. Ofthe leaping rod 5S 

(i<, Oi the fuYcilla^ orftriking rod 59 

2 6 . Of the trembling rod 6 2 

2 7. Of the falling, or nether rod 6 3 

28. Ofthe fuperior rod 6$ 

2 9. Of rcfting vapours, or fedimcnts 6S 

3 c. Ofthe weather fait C^ 
3 1. Of the ft one fait 70 
3 2 • Ofthe Subterranean Pools 7 1 
3 3. Of the Metalline Gold, or of the Metalline 

bed 72 

34. of Metalfine ftreams 7^ 

3 5« Of Chalk, or ftone Meal 74 

35.0iLtheblaft 75 

3 7. Of the brittle fluff 77 

38. Of the blank fire 78 

3^. Of the Mine glue 80 
^o. Of corroding Huff to eat ftoncs thorow 8 1 \ 

41. Of having nnaterials ufcd for a flcdd , or 
dray 82 

42. Ofthe frofl: in the Mine-works 84. 

43. Of the flaming fire 85 

44. Of the roafting fire S5-- 

45. Ofthe corroding fire 86 

46. Ofthe glowing hrc 87 

47. Of the Lamp hrc SS 
48.^0fthe cold fire 89 ' 
4 9 7t) f the w arm fire ^ ® . 

7hc Contents of the fecJJtd fart. 

;. Chap. /^F Mines sndCrius, what the middle 

\^ works oi Oars are F^^'93 

r. Ofthe eencral operations of fcveral Metals 9 


3 . Of ftoncs, rocks, flints of Gold', and their ftrik- 
ingcourfes . pag.97 

4. Of the oar of filvcr, and its running, or ftriking 
palTages 9^ 

5. Of Copper oar, its fronc, and ftriki'ng pa'& 
fage . lox 

5, Of Iron oar, its ftocks,floats, fallings and llrik- 

ing pafTages 1 06 

7, Of Lead oar, its mine, and ftriking paflagc no 
S. Of Tin oar, its itocks, floats, fallings and Itrik- 

ing paflages ' 1 14 

p. Of Mercurial oar, and its pafTages 117 

ic. Of Wifmuth, Antimony, Sulphur, Salt, Salpc- 

ter and Talk i iS 

1 1« Of a comparifon between Gods Word and the 

Minerals 1 20 

12. How Jewels are wrought, th« blcffingsGod 
befiows on Miners 124 

1 3 . Of the eiTence of Gold 1 26 

the Contents of the third party Jfeing a Vcclaratioii 
of the XIL Keys. 

The firft is declared pag.j 5 5 

The fccond Key declared 1^2 

The third Key declared i ^^ 

The reft are declared according to the c?our& going 
on in that part 1 4 g 

"^he Contents (fthefcnnb part concermng the parti" 
euhrs made of the y» Metals^ hors> they may be 
prepared with profits 

FIrft of the Sulphur ©f Sol, whereby Lune ^'^ 
ting'd-int©Gd4 , inf 


The particular of Lune, of the extr46tion of i^ 

Sulphur and Salt pag. 188 

Of the particular of Mars, how its Sulphur and 

Salt is extradcd i<pi 

Of the particular of Venus, how itt Sulphur and 

^alt is extracted 1 92 

Of the particular of Saturn, how its Sulphur and 

Salt is extraded 1 94 

Of the particular of Jupiter, how its Sulphur and 

Salt is extradcd 261 , 

Of the particular of Mercury, of its Sulphur and . 

Salt 202 

Of the Oyl made of Mercury, and its Salt 204 
Of the particular of Antimony, its Sulphur and 

Salt 205 

Afliort way to make Antimonial Sulphur and 

Salt 207 

^{hc Contents c,f the Praaick^ 'trcatife^ together with 
the XIL Keys and Appendix^ 

OF the grent Stone of the Philofophers 

OfthehrftKey 232 

O f the fecond Kt y 236 

Of the third Key 239 

Of the fourth Key 2^2 

Oftfic^fthKey ' 245 

Of the lixth Key 249 

O f the feventh Key 252 

Of tlie eighth Key 256 

Ofthc ninth Key ^ 265 

Of the tcTith Key 267 


— - A T A B L E. 

3f the eleventh Key " pag.'2 7 1 

Df the twelfth Key ' 274 

Df the Hrft matter of the Philofophcrs Stone 277 
A brief Appendix and phin Repetition or Reite- 
ration, wherein is treated of the PhiJofophers 
Sulphur^ Salt^ and Mercury^ and alfo o£ Anti- 
mony-^ C:'pper-]vat€r^ Common Snlphur^ Calx five . 
Arfcnich^^ S.dtpetcr^ SMarmoniac^ 'Tartar^ Vint-^ 
gar-i and W^inc* 
A Philofophick Work upon Sol-^ added 5^t7>g yiot in 
the former 'irayfjlation* 

'thcn^ follovp the conclufion and ekperiments* 

"npHe firft Sedfion treats of Sulphur, and the fer- 
J ment of Philofophcrs pag. 343 

2. Sedion. Of the Philofopher. Vitriol 344 

3 . Sedion. Of the Philofophers Magnet 345 
Allegorical exprellions betwixt the holy Trinity, 

and the Philofophers Stone 3 47 

Of Sulphur of Saturn ' 349 

Of Sulphur of Jupi ter 350. 

Of the Sulphur of Mars and Venus 351 

Of the Sulphur of Sol 352 

Of the Sulphur of Mercury 3 <j ^ 

Of the Sulphur of Lune ibUy 

Of Sulphur of Antimony :^^4 

Of the Sulphur of Vitriol ibid. 

Of common Sniphur 355 
Of Vitriols, hrft of the Vitriol of Sol and Lune 5.56 

Of Vitiiol of Saturn and Jupiter ihid^ 

Of Vitriol of Mars o;;7 

O f Vi trio 1 of Ven us ihid. 

Of Vitriol of Mn'ciiry 3^8 



Of Gommon Vitriol 1 5 

Of the Vulvar Magnet . 1 6 

A Philofophick work upon Vitriol by another 17 
To bring quick Mercury to a Lunar fixation by a- 
nothcr 21 

ihe coHUms of the fifth and lafi part. 

TReatcth of the great Medicinal virtue of the 
Metalline and Mineral Salts fage 1 . 

Of Aurum Potabile 

A defcription of the fiery Tartar 6 

Of the Salt of Tartar 7 

A Treatife concerning the MicrocoCnc or the 

Uttle World which is mans body. 
Of the Miftery of the Microcofme and its Medici • 

nal parts belonging unto man. 



j^aii'>ti 5 as ifio) are vsu 



Ic ii iccn by all the works that ar^ undert:ikci;. 
about metals, that there is nothing io volatile as 
:p.etal is, and To nothing Itlrs and inoveth more 
^ubtilly thaxiir v^j>ut.thh l^irin^ :^nd movhis; I 

A. '^UeofOnyt»ieaItH^ilcsy>lik<illCivU teeters' Jf^^f^elrsy'": 



BalneiXiifloin t A3 









Gm« I^B C 

CrtterescUv^aii '^f 






SafconiM... ,— - - 


4f ft f f f I ^f f f f f f f 

T H E F I R S T 





Of the JE.thmd Hqnir of Mctals^^ or of the metal 


GO D hath created things under ground^ 
as well as the thhigs above ground : By 
the things under ground, I underlbnd 
Metals, xMinerals, in which there is im- 
planted alfo a tertility to their iced , without 
which the kcd could neither grow nor increafe. 
Seed which is barren, Iiath not that fertility : by 
which it is coliedrcd, that there is ibnie diftindtion 
betwixt teed and fertility , If we will enquire 
barrowly what-fcrtility is, the hd\ and furell way 
^5, to conllder lite and death of creatures, how 
tliey hold , together ^ for death is barren, but a 
living life is fcrtil, bceaufe it ftirreth and moveth- 
It is lecn by all the works that are undertakcu 
about metals, that there is iioihir.g ib volatile as 
metal is, and fo nothing ftirs and -moveth ir^ore 
fubtilly thatut ^^j>ut.thh Srin^^ vcA moving; I 

2 Bafilm Valentine his lafl 

will call here the Ferch of metals, by rcafoii of its 
continual proceeding, and uncelTant moving ; and 
becaufe the fame is not vifible in metals, and doth 
It m a twofold way, therefore I will let the old 
word ftand, and call its itirring a Luhricum^ and 
its Fcrch a Volatile s for with the vertue xvA po-y- 
crof boththete^it performeth all that, what it 
needs for the perfcdion, purity, and fizatiod ot its 

Seeing Fcrch is a perpetual living and forthgo- 
ing thing, one might admire and fay, of what 
condition is metal then, which we behold with 
our eyes, and feel with our hands •, which being 
thus hard and coagulated, whether the (ame be 
alive or dead , and whether the life or Ferch in 
metals may be deftroyed, (which is impofsiblej 
what is the condition of it, or how comes it to 
pa{s > I anfwer, that a metal may be alive when 
it reikth, as well as when it groweth, or ftirreth ■■> 
and here a diftinclion muft be made again betwixt 
the death of metals, and their reft and quietness. 
For death toucheth only the bodies, when they 
perifh ^ but the life it (elf, or Fcrch cannot perilh 
or ceaie : therefore if a metalline body be extant, 
then is it at hand vifibly two manner ot ways. 
The one is w I'uiitld^^ and is difcerned in its mo- 
ving too and fro, and if it be forced by a itrange 
dangerous heat i then it turns to a volatility, and 
flyeth away. The other way is-, vvhcn it is at 
hand in coagul.ito^ wherein it relteth io long, till 
It be reduced into its liqmd:i-}i^ and that is done 
in a twofold way, and laireth \^o long as the body 
Lfte.h, but as loon as the body is deikoyed or 
^on., and is come or entred into a more, either 
i.oblc or ignoble body, then its Fcrch or life is 


lV/7/ and Tell amnt. 3 

gone alfo : therefore if you will referve and keep 
a body, then ta~ke good notice of its Fcrch or life •> 
for if you once ftir it, and hunt'it indifcreetly, 
you do it with the lofs or diminution of the bo- 
dy, wherein it is, f6r that hfe never goeth away 
•mpty,' but liill carrieth along one lite or Fcrch 
after the other, carrying it away fo long, 
the lalt it leaveth none. But what the condition 
is of the moving and quittncfs of that life, and 
how Nature bringeth it to a relt, mufr be exadlly 
confidcred. For an accurate knowledge demon- 
ftrateth, that there is a difference "betwixt the life 
cf the feed and of the body •, for deal with the 
feed which way you will, you cannot bring it to 
z volatility^ becaufe it is againft its kind i andfo 
the body alfo is of the iame condition h but the 
Fcrch alone may be braught to it. For if you 
provide food for thcFcrch^ then you ftrengthen 
its whole work, even as a mother doth h'tr child^ 
which (lie fecdcth and chcrifheth well, and bring- 
eth the fame the better to its reft \ fo is it alio 
with the Fcrch* Therefore all fuch wliich ga2e 
and view only the feed and body, and know not 
the fundamentals about the Fcrch^ lofe the body, 
becaufe they dbierve not Natures progrefs and 
proceedings, putting the cart before the horfe, or 
the formolt they put hmdmofr. This reirand 
fieep of the Fcrch fervcth tor that ufe, becaufe 
it prefer veth the body from deih-udion, or con- 
(umption being once come into its peiiecirion. 
For as long as it awakneth, fo long it confumech, 
but when it is at relt, then it ihndeth clofe in a 
laitingnefs, and when jt hath nothing to feed up- 
Dn, then it corrodeth and fcizeth on its own body, 
:onfuming it quite, at laft it llirreth and moveth 

B 2 to 

4 Bafiliui Fakntims his hft 

to another place. Hence is it that treafures, or 
pagement, which are buried, awaken at laft, con- 
fume their own bodies, reducing them to dull, 
fo that nothing of them remains but either a 
mear ftone or flux, as in many places is to be 

. CHAP. II. 

Of the feed of Metals. 

A LI thofe Authors which have written about 
the mctaline feed, agree in that, when they 
fay Sulphur is the maiculine feed of metals,. and 
Js^iercury is the foeminine feed v which faying muft 
be taken in its genuine (enfc ^ for conimcn Sul- 
phur and common Mercury are riot meant there- 
by. For the villble Mercury of metals is a bo- 
dy it felf out of bodies, and fo it cannot be a 
kcdi : and being cold, its coldnefs fcr fe can- 
not be a feed ', and the Sulphur of metals being 
a 'food, how can it be a feed? Yea, a feed con- 
fumeth Sulphur, how can one feed deftroy the 
other !* if io, what body fhuold it produce ^ It 
is tlierefcre an tiror, if thjt fhould be taken in 
the common lenfe ; if the Mercury of bodies is 
in a work, and hath taken food, then all the fex 
Mercuries protrude one body, as tlie ci>e of the" 
lex is in its predominancy, fo the body riieth. 

Seeing tlure are leven of thefe Mercuries, it 
happeneth, that when the feed of Mars and Ve^ 
711(6 hath the predominancy, they produce a maf. 
culine body of Sol^ but if the feed ot Saturn 
and j///pi/cr doth piecominate:, then is produced 


will and Teflame'/it. 5 

a foemlne body, which is called Lnde *> Mercwry is 
an afsiftant on both fides. 

The fiiTie happeneth unto other bodies : but 
theie arc always and in every and each work to- 
gether ^ for they are indivifible, as it is meet alfo, 
what iTianner of oody could be produced elfe ? 
For Nature hath perfedl bodies, though in them- 
lelves they muft be diflolvcd again, yet arc they 
perfed for, and in their time. For what nianner 
of feed could that be, if it (hould be defective in 
any of its branches ? 

Therefore every body hath its perfeft feed, 
hence the trafmutation hath its ground in the 
afcenun and defctntion of metals, which other- 
wife could not be, if they were not homogeneal 
in their feed. For if any man faith, that iilver 
is \\^:>i gO'd, clowns believe that alfo, becaufe they 
have not fundamental knowledge of the feed, 
ho w it is to go out ot one body into the other, 
or elfe it wants its fertility, neither can it be na- 
turally without a body, wherein it refteth. There 
belong (even diftindt parts to an unformal body 
of metals,to bring it by noarifhment into a form, 
VIZ' I. An earth. 2. A ftone. :^. An earthafti. 
^, Earthly Itreams. 5. Glafs or fubterraneal me- 
ta!. 6" Tnc fubterranean tincture. 7. The (ubter- 
ranean fnligo or feed, (fume.) All thefe are the 
materials of the body •, and as earth is mans 
matter , out of which God mide him , unto 
which he mull return again : fo all other bodies 
alfo at laft return to earth, that Miner which is 
judicious and knowing herein, him I judge to de- 
(erve the name of a Miner. For there are but few 
of them which are rightly infornied herein, or 
huh an/ faafxm?atil knowledge ot it, though 

B 3 they 

they arc daily imployed about it : though fome 
might fay, they could not but be knowing it their 
profefsion, yet it is not fo really^ if ib, what 
right uk can ^ey make of thenn ? They put 
wrong names upon them, are ignorant of their 
iitility,and this is the reafon why they many times 
run them wafle upon heaps, where after fome 
time they turn to goodnefs, and the longer they 
lye there, tl\e better they are : this inltrudtion de- 
ferves no hatred, but ratha a grateful acknow- 

why (hould Philofophers be believed to know 
any thing,? But where is it written, that, men 
(hould feek and find mercury of the body in a 
fubterranean fumj , ftone , glalle , but in their 
hooks? \vhere are learned artihcial finings infu- 
liginations , incinerations, nutritions , but from 
them r* The (led of 'metals as it is perfed, fo is its 
Ferch^ or life invifible. Where do thofe men flay, 
which will work according to nature, and know 
none of thefe, neither do they know where to get 
it : yet fall upon Artift?, exclaiming upon them 
to be falie, and all iUch as are imployed in their 
ways : but ,we lee and hear how ignorance runs 
on. It is impoisible to get a body without feed, 
it were as- much as to fay, a feed is without ferti- 
lity. Therefore perufe it exadly in its dilToluti- 
on, the redudion of it will aiibrd its body : work 
cheerfully. , 

■ But it is none of the meanefl work, as fome of 
the moit antient Philofophers have faid, which 
called it a double work: for thus they fay, the 
metal mull firif pals through the Melters hand, 
afterward it mufl come into the hands of the Al- 
chymifl, if To be the feed fliall be known in the 


IVilI and'TefiamenU J 

artihcial work : they mean or intimate by this 
faying thus much, that there is a twofold dilTo- 
lution, the one is, when the expert Melter brings 
the frangible body e^^ naturali condurtione into a 
malleabjenefs, whereby its impurity is gotten off. 
Then comes the Alchymlft, reduceth the body in- 
to cind!ers, calxes, glaires, colours, fumes, fubter- 
ranean, in which the feed of metals relteth, and 
the Yerch or life is found fertile in the body, and 
is reducible into a fpiritual water or ^rirna mate- 
ria^ according as the quality and property of the 
mettal is,and is divided artificially into its natural 
principles, according to the proceis of the Chy- 
rnick art, of which more in another place (hall be 
fpoken, when I (hall treat of the Minerals. 


Of the Metalinc Nutriment'^ 

ALthough it belongeth not to this place, how 
miner alia fojJtUa are made under ground, 
however I will give a hint of it, how nature 
makeththem out of (ubterranean moift liquors 
and Myne crefcencies, which afterward ferve to 
be a food to metals ^ not fuch liquors which are 
decoded above ground *, therefore if you fhould 
adde here above ground, decoded ones to metals, 
undilTolved in their corporeal form, your work 
would be in vain : and where there are fuch mi' 
tier alia fojjili^i there are Myne-works alfo if not 
with it, yet are they not far off, as isfeenin 
many Mynes. As in Hungary are digged the fair- 
eft and bell: fulphur-alloms and Mmeral or Myne 

B 4 Vidriol 

8 Bajilm ^^"^nlentinus hU lajl 

Vicftriol. And about Harcynia are digged fait 
VidrioL About GoJIar, Mansfield^ Zellerfield^^nd 
at Efhland in Helvetia is digged Minc-falt, and at 
Hall there is great ftore of it,where there is found 
alfo very curious Sulphur. But you muft note, 
that thefc minerals are not ulcd thus grolTely, but 
are prepared firft, which is a curious work to 
bring a mineral thu'; high by fubliming into 
flores ^ which are half metalline, efpecially it 
made with metal, the metal being reduced into a 
mineral, from that the flowers are made : thus 
you fee natures forwardnefs, and how (he is re- 
ducible to her }irft water, Sulphur and Salt. Many 
make thefe flowers without metal, which are not 
fo good though, as the former way. For an oleum 
made of Vitriol or Copper,and is diflilled,is more 
effedual, yea a thoufand times more pretious in 
its operation, than that is,which is made of com- 
mon Vitriol, whom nature hath not yet exalted. 
Its true, the Hungarian Vitroil, in its efficacy and 
vertue is found wonderful and fufficient enough, 
becaufe Nature hath graduated it to a greater iic- 
city, and brought it to a ripcnefs more than o- 
thers were, and is more excellent than the reft- 
By tfiis preparation they can make ufe of the mi- 
nerals,ftrengthen and encreafc their pleafure there- 
by. If any thing is to be made meet for metals, 
then it muft be done out of metals, with metals, 
and through or by metals, which is the real and 
only manual whereby may be hit the hardncis of 
the mineral flowers, always take from them, and 
adde nothing to them ^ this is the Art, which 
askcth great wondering, and deep meditation. 
Thus you muft learn to go to work, for thefe 
flowers are found often clalely compared, which 


WiU and TeBmenU 9 

Miners very feldome know, elpecially in Himgary 
and Jfallachia^ thay are as fair as ever any red 
glowing oar may be, they are of a cr^Trallne tranf- 
parent redncfs, are good gold and illver accord- 
ing as they are ting'd, this is a rare knowlcdge,aii 
art worthy the bed coniideration, which is to 
make glafs of a hardnefs, from thence it is, that 
the fubterranean glaffes make up the metal, there- 
by they come to their form. 

The preparation of thcfe flowers have their 
great utihty in phyfical ways, if their excrements 
be taken from them, and their ordours: thelc 
excrements are the feces of minerals, are nought 
for metals, ftirring up evil fedimcnts, which bring 
damage unto m.etals , a twofold evil comes from 
the miftaking of minerals : for decoded ones 
are a dangerous poifon, and corrofive unto me- 
tals, as we fee above ground, when aquafcrtis is 
mad^ of them, which corrcdeth,teareth,divideth, 
and parteth metals, and the other w^hich are fair 
to look on, flicking unto metals, and their worft 
poifon, for as (bon as thefe approach, they kindle 
and caufe the dangerous fediments, all availeth 
nothing unto them, though they have and keep 
their form. As an infeded man hath ftill the 
form and face of a man, though he be infedred-. 
and infcdeth others alio, and in cafe it turn all 
to one metal, yet it is biit an empty one, and no- 
thing in it. This is a very necelTary obfervation 
for Miners and Laborators 5 for if they regard 
it not, they obftrudf not only their work, but 
endanger themfelves alfo *, becaufe the metal is" 
not onely turned into a volatility , if any fe- 
ces or excrements be added thereunto, and that 
alfo which iftayeth , comes to be unmalleable^ 


I o Bafilwus ^a lentim h is fafl 

and fufFers continually diminution, as long as it is 
■iinder the hammer. Thofe that work them, 
have caufe to look to it, if they fall on them with 
any tire, their reward ("urely is fome mine difeaie, 
which experimentally is known how. their poifon 
49th ftick and hang on the top of the furnace and 
in their chefts, turning to arf:nick and inch poi- 
(bnous fumes and feeds, and do hurt .every way, 
as woful experience evidenceth. 


Of the metaline Jhof^ Officina.mctallorum, 

ALl natural w^orks have their fpecial conveni- 
ent places in which they work \ where there 
is any fuch place or (hop, in which fome glorious 
and precious thing is made v and' fometimes. 
though the inftrument be veryhoi:rid and mon- 
ftrous, and its matter unknown, yet- they are ex- 
tant in that officine. 

Firft, touching the glory and praife of this of- 
bcine^it is likned to a Church, in whicli the feed 
and the Ferch axe married to the body, therein 
they eat, reft, and work, thither they carry all fair 
and pleafant materials under ground wherewith 
rhey are clad, and they have another kind of f^re^ 
v/ater, air, and earth, for the things that are ac- 
compliihed and perfeded therein, thelamecan 
hardly be parted again, no not with the help of 
the neather- air, if (0 be, that it mujft be parted 
afunder, then lee and make trial of it on the 
cu ry of metals. 

Again, the things made fo hard and fixt cannot 


' WtR and TeBam^nt. 1 1 

jbe parted, as may be feen i)y gold, how firm and 
fixt is it in the fire ? the caufe whereof is the fub- 
terranean heat and cold which it imparteth unto 
metals, and makes them firm thereby, for it is a 
ftony firmament o( the earth, and giving to me- 
tals their llony power, it groweth hollow and 
fpongy. full of pores, which at lafi; are fill'd up 
with metals, even as Bees do fill their hives with 
hony, and in the end it parts, and is carried av/ay 
in the flick or (Scohes^) For the Earth-fbnc is not 
confumed under ground, becaufe it is a fediment, 
not fuffering any thing to cijme in or out. Hence, 
is that diiference betwixt the Earth-ftone and the 
jterrellial-firmamental-ftone, which is one of the 
mineral-works. Let no man gainfay, that a ttone 
fhould have together both heat and cold at once> 
to afford the one now,and then to hide the other, 
for when it worketh upon inferior metals, theii it 
hideth its celdnefs, and To it helpeth every way, 
this is its trad and inftrument, heat and cold of 
the fubtcrranean fire-ftone. 

, The modern Chimifts which are ignorant, not 
knowing Nature aright, and - do n ot take notice 
of her ways, ufe (Irange inftruments, and then 
they make or caufe to be made all manner of vef- 
fels, according as every one of them hath a fan- 
cy to, but in natures ways they know little, (he re- 
gardeth not the variety of torms, and inllead of 
thefe, (he takes a fit and lafting inftrument, which 
holdeth in the work, and every form follows or 
accompanies the feeds precedency. The folly 
and ignorance of workmen is aggravated in that 
^becaufe they defpife the knowledge of minerals. 
The inftrument fhe ufeth hereunto I (liould 

m ake m-rntion of it here, but wave it at this timc^ 
( , and 

^ 2 Bafilinut Valentm hu fall 

and will do it in another place^ where you may 
kekfor, and take nc>tice of it. Thofe which 
think theniCilves to be the wifefi: do fay, that it is 
a vanity to obferve mathematically the Hits a- 
bove, and to order any work after feafonable days 
and hours, it is fomething faid, but not fo well 
grounded. But this is moll certain, that if yon 
work according to common courfe , otherwife 
than we do, tbliowing only your own fancies, 
^hen is your labour in vain. There is a difference 
to be made betwixt the upper ibrs, and the me- 
talline ilars, which (hine and have their influence 
into the bodies. Touching the ftars above, they 
in their light and motion have a fingular influ- 
ence > and the fcars^ below have their influence 
alfo upon their metals, ^tkis.each -Ilea ven hath its 
peculiar courfe and inftrument, where the liirs 
iituation may be apprehended. An op.tcmn cr- 
pis jtcilatiim compaCir aftrall body, dil^ers in its 
candrtion from a.cjr/?/^ //^cir////^, if you inter^d to 
Beam here fomething, then you muft be indutlri* 
ous and grudge no pains, it would require a huge 
volume, if I (Kould defcribe ptrtlcul.irly the 
whole circumference of fubtrrranean Mine- 
works : it ^vould not (ufHce to* nominate the 
things only, but mud: demonflrate alfo, that all 
that, which I attribute to them, to be true, I fay it 
would ask a great deal oF writing, to difpoic the 
brains of milconceited men to a belief: what 
fnould I fay of fuch materials, on whom I could 
not impofe htting names, though I knew them, 
for who is that man which hath done learning in 
our School ? Hire I muft needs ipeak as belong- 
ing properly to this place, thit no volume in tai.s 
world can b: writtcn-in vv'iieh could be fet dovva 


WilUndTejlment. 15 

all and every f articular mannaU ^s Laborators 
Ibinetlmes might ask s therefore an Artilt having 
given him fome hints of things, mull endeavour 
to order his work, and manage the fame judici- 
oufly, muft put his hands to the work, and get 
knowledge by his own practice. I dired: ilich men 
in their work to Natures proccfs under ground, 
let them fearch there, and take an hontft Miner a- 
long to Ihcw him her inftruments,and mattersffor 
prating, lying, and ignorance availeth here no- 
thing. ) Every one wifneth to get riches, but the 
means for the getting of them are not refpondent: 
if I were the beft limner, and cculd fet forth in co- 
lours the form of any inftrumtnt,then m.en would 
underfland it^ it w^ould help in this cafe, they 
would fee it, and feel it with their hands, and un- 
dertake the work, if all were fet down. 1 know 
what,and how much ought to be put in a book, l- 
put things fitting in.and did it faithfully. 


Of Egrcfjon and IngnjjtGn of Mctahi 

THe work of metals evidenceth a perpetual 
going in, and coming out , for hereby the 
Egrefsion is underilood not only the Egreision ci 
the whole work, that in fon^e place a whole me- 
taline tradf comes into decay, when it wants food 
to be nourifhed any further, and hath devoured all 
its bodies, but alio a partial egrefsion •-> for liill the 
one (eeketh the other,and follows at the heel.This 
we fee by the m.ercury of metals, being poiired is fcattertd into thoulands of little quick 


1 4 BaftUus J^alerjtwus h s lifi 

corns, all of them return to their body •, in the 
fame condition is vol.itik. & Luhricum *, and the 
Fcrch alfb goeth torth in (iiiall bits, at lafl: it joyn- 
eth in a body {bmewhere,even as Bees meet toge- 
ther : it recciveth nu more than it hath need, the 
overplus fwarineth to another Myne-officine, 
which parting and diltributing, affords many and 
feveral Mine-works, according to the difpoiition 
of the officine and nourifhmcnt, and according as 
it is infringed in its work in the egrefsion ^ the 
Fcrch and the feed go on in their volitUtty^ and if 
they had wings, that Vohtile is fo thin, that it can 
hardly be di learned, yet is it foliated like a heap 
of atoms h thus ILibtilly it flyeth away, and the 
Fcrch. mvl\ ftill have its fced^ the feed its h:dy^ and 
that its thin atoms. My meaning is not, that its 
egrefsion is from or out of the earth into the air, 
to fly about there, and then to come into ground 
again ; which is not fb, nor can it be, becaufe its 
natural work -iS not in the air, unkfs men bring 
it forth parpofely, then is it of another conditions 
of that egrefsion I do not fpeak here, becaufe it is 
done by day ^ but this gocth through the earth* 
which funds m the furnace, not appreheniivc or 
vilible to us,and runs through clefts and palTagcsi 
For if the earth giveth way to the ingrelsipn and 
egrefsion, even as the water doth to fi(hes, and 
Va(^ air to birds, as Ion?, as metals come to their 
lione-hrmament , which ftone-hrmament dilfers 
from the earth-firmament, when it meets w^ith 
that, it goeth about, looking out for another paf- 
fagci, like as water that flowcth about a Itone, and 
not through it, yet it Itayeth in its own flone, and 
recciveth itrength of it, and turns there to a bo- 
dy ; and as it jjccth in its e greision from one me- 


will and Tejlament. i S 

taline firmament, ftone-firmamcnt to another, it 
thorow eaten (oaked, be it at what uiftancc ic 
\^ill, attadeth the Liihricum^ even as a bird draws 
its feet up to its body in its flight •, for if they 
touch any where, then they loofe fomew^hat ot 
the body, and the Luhrlcum in its ingrefsion fuf- 
fcrs ic to come again to a ilrength of operation v 
for when both are joyned, then the metal increaf- 
eth, and attradeth its food in a wonderful way, 
and nourifheth it felf', and it is to be admired^ 
that in this ingrefsion, when that L^drlami comes 
more and more to its officine, how it increafeth 
and ftrengtheneth it (elf fo long, that atjaft the 
work is made iirm in the officine. This ftrcngth- 
tiing can not be learned to-be anyoth^.r, than 
the metaline mercury doth make it, for in the Hift 
place it turns it there into a !iqmdiwi,\\hf::rc after- 
ward it receiveth all, doth coagulate and congelc, 
according as the bodies are either mafcidme or fa- 
mininc^ at lafi it is brought to a folid hxed body 
of SiL This ingrefsion makes that fubterranean 
place noble and traitful, and is iingular, when it 
hath an afcending oar in work, that air is very 
w^holfome, and if the air above with melting be, 
not infcded with arfenick fumes, then it aftord? 
la faluber air to dwell in. 

This is a manududion unto the whole ^ft^f- 
work,how the iame ought to be proceeded in^that 
ore may ftand and not awaken, but turn to its 
jitream, and fcill abide in its bodies company, it 
is loath to make an egrelsion, if once it made a 
true ingrefsion, and fetled it felf to the work y 
for it reiteth not in its place, neither doth it relt 
in its whole trad, but wcrketh continually, and 
is well feen, what its iixiua or tiiH,ht is, and where: 


7 6 Bafjlm Valfntims his lafl 

itfcttethto a fluid body, or earth-falt, which it 
ftirrs and rouleth (b long, yea, it pantethand 
movcth in it fo long, till it gets a liquid body, 
then turns it to a terrene body, and is flill brought 
on to a further height and hardnefs : and that is 
the right coagulating, congealing, liquidating,and 
fixing of mercury b which if done accordingly, 
then it aifords fomething. 


Of the diffolution and rcdnCnon of metals* 

IT IS apparent, that natural heat is the caufe of 
the fluidne(s of metals dilfolution, bccaufe the 
^c^d. of merals in it ielf is very hot, and the iluid 
matter of metals is hot alfo, as being oliginous, 
and its heat increafcth, when it comes to its offi- 
cine, or fhop, becaufc that alfo being hot encreaf- 
eth the hear the n:iore, hence it is why it is hot in 
the work, and hath need of it, for at hrlt it 
would bring no more into its body, unlefs it were 
ioluble and fott, it bringcth nothing into it, un- 
Icis it be palTed through tiiefc three heats, and hx- 
c'd by them : then examine it,, and adde another 
fluid thing to it, which did not pafs through the 
three heatis: fee whether tie metal will receive 
it, or no ? Secondly, they mufl: be diffolved, that 
they may be cleanfed \ the condition of liquid 
things is to produce to the outiide things htting 
the work it hath in hand. This lolution is diitiudt 
from other artiHeial diirolutions,where the body is 
onlym.elted,asbytheMeltcr when he feparatetii the 
excrements from it ', for nature doth noc melt the 


will and T ell ament, }J 

farth as men do, but as corn groweth abSVc 
ground, (b fiie lea vcth corn and husks together s 
here is a great difference betwixt ourmelthig 
md the dilTclving of Nature y if we could ob- 
serve that diflindion in our dilTolutions andmelt^ 
ngSjWe (hould not be at fo great loifes Scdamages 
■s we are : I muft needs mention about aurump^ 
abiky how men' do bufie themfelves about it, as 
nany heads jas many ways they chu(e to the mak- 
n2^ of it. Some take that which is not yet (cpa- 
ated from the metal containing yet the cinders of 
xcrements, or wo^-fe things. They take corro- 
[ive waters, acetum dqnaviUy and the like : pray 
ell me,what doth Nature takeSjWhen flie is about 
he dilTolving of a congealed water > She takes 
'.one of theie things, only maketh ufe of a heat, 
''ou mufl do the like, if you will take a metalline 
ody, which Nature hath perfected, and through 
lelcing and fining is come to us, if you v/ill dif- 
3lve and reduce it to its hfft matter, then roulc 
le Ferch , thus you may make any mettalline 
ody potable, being made pure, and fuperhne, 
len its excrements are gone, made not with ad- 
itionals of corrolive things : the fluxing of fuch . 
latters rather make the metals harder : if a bo- 
y (hall be fixed, w^e fix it from without, which 
Jature doth not, for (lie fixcth the feed, then the 
our fetteth and turns to fuch a fixation, that the 
i/Tolving above ground cannot mafrer it. A 
^ater, which congealeth,hath at firil: a little cruft, 
oing on in it till it be quite congealcd,but here it 
^ngealeth from within to the olithde, hence you 
lay gueife^ at that glorious foundation of pro- 
d:ion,on Mercury of tiie body,m'akinga natural", 
''atum ftt^er jkmtmi thus are. the metals joyned 

G accord^ 

1% Bafiliui Valentims hit lajl 

according to which the artificial work is ordered: 
wc have a hint given how mercury of metals is 
dipt and allayed, and its luhicrum is catched. 
Conceive not of this hxation, to be as when iron 
is hardened to fteel, and then reduced to a foft- 
nefs asTin is oft this is called only a clofe hardnefsr, 
which keeps the body in a malleablenefs, and 
keeps it fo clofe together, that the fire above 
ground cannot hurt it, all hardnefs above ground 
may be mollified in fire, but not the other ■•> be- 
caufe it holdeth all fiery tryals : therefore as the 
hardnefs made above ground hardneth bodies in 
the water, fo on the other fide, the water, which 
is in metalline bodies muft be taken out, then 
it congealeth. The fubterranean air hardneth 
the earth, earth remaineth earth, and turns not to 
ftone, and the fame keeps the water from running 
together, or congealing : keeping it from turn- 
ing to pearls and pretious ftones, and fuch may 
be made of that water. To get the internal fire 
out of metals, though it be molt high skill, how- 
ever it is feafeable, and found in its place, where \ 
write of the like, in a more ample manner. I give, 
a hint of it in this places, as Miners ought to do, 
of whofe exprefsions I borrow now : The reft 
which wholly extradeth this fire, which lyeth be- 
twixt the fry]c&^ leaving nothing behind, that is, 
where the Lui^rkuni and VoLttik is together, leav- 
eth it, produccth ic, and exccrncth it. The Mans- 
feldian-Jlatc^ nukes it appear, that its Vohtik is 
gone, and its Lubricum alfo, where its impurity is 
yet betwixt the /'ro/cc75and is not a fair pure work, 
but a compound one. 


will and Te^ament. 1^ 


Of the afcenfion and dcjcenfion of nietals* 

1*His new kind or manner of fpeaking and 
writing of metals is caufed by experience, 
Ifor the firft perpetual ingrefsion of the Ferch en- 
creafeth and ftrengtheneth a^t rirli: mthcofficina 
and Matrix^ the Mercury of bodies^ bringing it on 
to its perfedt and full ftrcngth > being made whol- 
ly eifedual and potent, then it begins by degrees 
to cloth it (elf with a body, at firft he attradtcth 
and receiveth the meancfl, which he puts off a- 
gain in the iirl^ place, which is done the cafier V 
tor no body amongft them all is (boner put off.For 
the body of Saturn is fo thin, that it appeareth to 
the eye like as a fair body doth through Lawn or 
TifFeny ^ its fpirituality appeareth through its bo- 
dy » its fpiritual body is the metal of Mercury, 
or as I fhould rather call it, its proper, near, and 
tpecial body, which work giveth a manududtion 
unto many other fair works ^ for it makcth a 
garment for SMurn out of the fubtilefi: earth, af- 
ter he rifeth higher, puts a harder and better gar- 
ment on him, which is not fo eafily put od' ^*- 
that of Saturn-, or at leaft not with fo fmall t 
work, which is caufed by the work of the Mcr- 
zury of bodies. For the Mercury of bodies by 
reafon of its fluidnefs is the hotteft, as he maketh 
it appear in Saturns afceniion, putting a cinereal 
body on him out of earth, hence i^ it why Saturn 
is fo full of cinders inclining to a brittleneis of 
afhes, and begins to found by reafon of the me- 
talj though it be not yerv firm, however yet it if. 

C 2 at 

at the next place for incorporation : its found i 
more deaf, is further off from iron, and neare 
unto mercury by rcafon of heat. Obferve no\^ 
at the afcending of this metal, it lyeth near th 
alhes, cleanfed by the Saturnal water, but abov( 
ground it turns not to be glaffe out of the a(hes 
'•out of fait or earth-water, or Saturnal-water, o: 
out of fapd or Hone. But what is that pure fub- 
terrenean Earth-glalle , which if it foundct^ 
breaketh not : it is a matter which Nature thruil- 
cth upon a heap together, which if yon touch, ii 
Ibiuidetb, and is very clear, of a great compad- 
nefle, and very firm, in this work it doth mingk 
with allies and (alt water, and turns to a glaffe ol 
earth, or to a dark glaffey 6rm iron. Nay, tell 
me, if a metal or Earth-colour,yea, a good found 
metal be- dilfolved to a colour, and is brought in- 
to a glalfe, doth it hot look of a copper-colour ? 
yes truly. Therefore iron may foon be turned 
into another thmg,which is done naturally, where 
-fiich metalline iroii colours is reduced in Hunga- 
ria into a Lixivium^ and is turned into a very 
good copper, however it retaineth the glatsinelTe, 
though the colour hath exicated it fbmewhat 
through the mercury <^f bodies : for the liquid- 
neile it hath flil), and is nobilitated further to a 
malleablenefle and hxation, therefore take notice, 
of this tiiiduring matter, which you find prepa- 
red by this body in this Oj^ciwj, it reduceth the 
iron to copper with abundance of proht. \ 

Put thcie colours away and behold how the 
mercury of bodies is paffed through many white 
bodies, and hath liill a fair white fuligo^ and 
that very fixed, how finely is it clad in it, and 
maketh a fair and pure body oiLuna^ into which 


Will and Te^amenU 2 1 

he clads himfelf fo ftrongly that it cannot be 
taken from thence by burning, becaufe it pafTed 
ieveri times thorough the greateft fubterranean 
heat, which deftroyeth corruptable bodies, un- 
.kfs they be clofely and compa<f|:edly incorporated 
to the mercury of bodies : nothing goeth beyord 
that hre, neither of the upper, nether, or middle- 
fires. Therefore behold how neatly Nature work- 
cth and rifeth, calcining the whole body of Lunciy 
which calx is nothing elfe but the body of Sol^ its 
tindrure and tinging quality it taketh from the 
perfedion and depth, which is in the fire, and 
can aiford it, that colour muft keep fo long till 
it defcendeth again ; there is nothing which can 
mafter this Ere : the dcfcending may foon be 
.perceived by this afcending, and thediiierence 
.of it is this, at the afcending it getteth the tin- 
d:in-e firlf, before it gets the body, but here ijt 
loofeth it fooner : and this is the reafon why de^ 
rcending oars are more perfed, then the alcendr 
ng ones. 



Of rej}iring Metal-, or of ^ick^ oar. 

Ecaufe with and by Myne-works an obftru- 
*dion is made upon Nature, which ^s the 
caufe that feveral metals are gotten,and diftind"i- 
-ons put on them, that damages and lofles might 
I be the better avoided, in the working of theni. 
'For as each received a particular name and proper- 
ly in or at the work,fo in the digging of them, fe- 
i xral manuals are invented for thetinding oi them 

C 3 and 

2 2 JBajJUui l^alentims his lajt 

and hereunto life was made of the Rod. To 

diftinguifli metals by colours is a curious skill, as 
Red gold glafs, Myne green, black oar : however 
their working is not fo exadly known that way. 
That I may lofe nothing in or at their melting, 
I ufe this means •. firll, I muft certainly know the 
property of the oar, before it be beaten out,whilft 
it is yet under ground in its breathing : for oars 
and metals breath only under ground, though 
they breath in feme fort above, yet the lame 
breathing is very weak, not going far from the 
body h and the rod alfo iticks only upon the up- 
per metals, which is the greatelt advantage we 
have : for fire caufeth metals to breath into a 
flame, and the fire-crates and pt-diggers caufe 
only a volatility and clofing compadnefs, where 
a threefold damage enfueth. Firft, there flyeth 
away, not only much of the metal, but that alio 
which ftayeth turns to be volatile, and in the fe- 
veral meltings of it, always fomething goeth 
amifs. Secondly, the remaiader of it grovveth 
unmalleable, which hardly can be helped. Third- 
ly, eJevated minerals are burnt to a compadtneis, 
which if not done, would prove very advanta- 
gious in the After-work, and chiefly they would 
be very ufeful in Medldna^ being naturally pre- 
pared thereunto, which is the reaion why many 
inrheir After-workings labour in vain, taking 
other improper minerals thereunto. For that 
fojjile Vitriolum at Goflar^ where neither filver nor 
lead groweth m that Mineral, where it is prepa- 
'3red highly, copper may be made of it without 
' any other addition : that Vitriol atfbrdeth an oil ' 
'alfb, which perfedly curerh the Gout ; if all 
thcfe good qualities fhouid be burnt away with 


will and Tejlame^t. 2 3 

^e filver, were it not great damage ? Therefore 
[ take fuch a metal which attradeth breath, and 
when the unbreathing or adhalation is ftronger, 
then is it a Hving metal, becaufe a lively quality 
is in it : for breathing things are alive, and 
wreathing is compared unto lite, fuch metal like 
a breath, proveth as a child from ten years to ten 
?years, even fo this metal groweth, till it come to 
its perfed (late and body, afterward it getteth 
another name, and cOnfequently there muft needs 
be obferved a great difference in their working, 
and are afunder as much as a hve thing differs 
from a dead one, which ought to be taken into 
confideration, becaufe this diftindnefs being ob- 
iferved, affords a neat and pure work. Hithec 
belong all mixt oars, which at feparating are 
parted afunder and not before, (as the ufual cu- 
liome is.) As in Hungary there is had every 
where gold-filvcr (that is, in it there is goldj 
which in its colour and ponderofity is pure, hath 
loft nothing, and is itillinits working quality, 
and if it had not been interrupted, and digged 
I up unfeafbnably, then that filver would have been 
turned to pure gold ', that filver may eafily be 
i brought to a filar perfedtion, and in it felf is it 
better-to be ufed for pagamenu and is of better 
ufe for cementation. In like manner the copper 
I at Mansfield is good for it, and proveth much 
I better in the work, ' than other copper, for it 
wanted but a little, it had been burnt quite into 
filver. The beft quality of fuch copper is that 
they are of a deep colour , they have not loft 
that, as ufually EkClr urn's do. But this is to be 
noted, fuch oars are of that quality, that the big- 
ger part of the body hideth the leffer part in 

C 4. melt-^ 

melting, it is not feen, nof felt, except at the 
wafhing and parting, there it is Icen : whilft it is 
yet among the earth, it is a breathing oar, and is 
of fuch a compound, as you heard : you may 
confide in it without a proof, though the cake of 
it be of filver colour or of a copper colour. This 
is it apparent, how Nature augmcnteth a meta- 
line body, protruding it upward from below, and 
that which is neathermolt, is thrufted toward that 
which is uppermofr, in a marvellous fubtile way : 
for dead bodies bring rtill more to it, making it 
heavier in the mercury, then joyneth the nourilh- 
ment alfo, which are the prepared minerals, af- 
fording their tjndture,like goodfodd,which breeds 
good blood : hence flom mineralium have their 
exigence ; if you cannot learn their off^fpring in 
that way, there is no other nor better way for it. 
For this is the true tindure, and not that mouldy 
prgrolle aVoHm or viihcm fo called, where fuch 
highly mingl'd oares or tranfparent Veins break, 
they may be cryed up for an EU&rumj but impro- 
perly called fo : for the colours glitters fo purely 
therem one among another, like in a ChryfoHthe - 
or tranfparent Amber, 


Of cxfiring mctal^ or of dead metal. 

MEtals have their fet time as well as all other 
creatures, they decay and dye when their 
appointed time comes, For when Nature hath 
brought the metalline body unto Sol, then by 


Will arJTeBaMenU 25 

reafon it wanteth nonrifhmtilt, and is ftarving, 
then it comes dowti, gets a ftronger exhalting, 
and the attradive breathing turns to an expirati- 
on, and aerial breathing brings it to the iires- 
breath. If the cxpirapation grovveth ftronger in 
a metal than its adjpiration is, then it defcendetfi 
by degrees,and decayeth^dc then is it called a dead 
oar or metal , for ftill one external body or other 
departcth from it, at laft in one place or other it 
maketh a total egrejiion with its breath, life, and 
feed. This breathing is known by the particu- 
lar Kod of each *, this alfo Hketh a particular 
place and work, becaufe -great gain is afforded 
both by this and by the living one. Conlider it 
well, a metal, which defcendeth from its perfedli- 
on into another body, it is like when a man lofetli 
his lively colour, and at laft his body, that is, its 
ponderofity, and then the gold turns, not to a 
goldifh filver, but to an E/^d?rz^;w, that is, to ^o/, 
which hath loft its tindlure. This is a great piece 
of proof, to difccrn fuch lilver-gold trom true 
lilver •, in its gravity it is found heavier than other 
filver, retaining the body, and lofing only its co- 
lour or tindure. 

It is a greater skill to reftore a tindlare to a 
dead and decayed colour, and to make it iix. At 
feparating it keeps the quality of SoL The like 
condition is red lilver in, which hath lofc its co- 
lour, making an incorporation and union with 
copper, Co that it quite dyeth in its body- To 
get this filver out of the copper, and reilore its 
peculiar colour, is a great skill, which Melters are 
ignorant of, belongeth meerly to the Chymick 
Art and its Laboratory. How many fuch 
EkClnum are brought tor filver and copper? 


? <? ^afilims FaJentim his lajl 

the Buyers thereof have great gain in it. Of the 
fame and the Hke condition are other metals of. 
Is it not Co, all iron in Hungary is brittle, what is 
the reafon > becaufe copper is in it : if that be 
gotten out in that artihcial manner, as it ought, 
tfiat iron proves fo hard, that no lieel is compara- 
ble to it ^ Out of that iron are made Turkifh 
fwords (fabeisj mails, w^hich no weapon or Bullet 
can enter or break , thefe mails alio are not very 

Note, the lubncnm at the defcending of Mer- 
cury, muil hive r(^Ti, from flippery things eafily 
iomewhat may be gotten fooner than from hard 
things : ilippery things leave always fomewhat 
behind j the fame they do v^^ith their tinging bo- 
dies, putting them off ftill fo, that in the afcend- 
ing in their [Volatile they alTume the body, and 
elevate it. 

Note^jf you have any material in hand, and ia 
yonr After-work you would know whither you 
muli keep to the Lubricum or Vulitlle (thefe two 
muft be thy help.) Then your Ituif muft be pre- 
pared, either the flippery or volatile way : if you 
will have a body either aicend or defcend, take 
notice of the flux in the metal : jhppery ones are 
more open th^in the hard ones. When tindrures 
begin to depart, which are a ftrengthner to, then 
the ftuif groweth more fluid, comes clofer toge- 
ther than in the quick metal. 


Will and Te^ar/:enU tj 


Of ptre or fine Met ah 

WHen a Metal, be it iii the afcenfiou or de- 
fcenfion, is in its feven Syflem's or confti- 
tutidn, then it refteth or endureth, till it comes 
into another body. If you meet with fuch oar, 
it yields the pureit metal, that may be had in the 
world : our Melters call this Super- j|ae. But our 
Super-fining, which hitherto was iriUfc, is an im- 
pure work in regard of this : for in the clarify- 
ing, if it milTeth but the leaft grain, then is it not 
yet right. Such metals, as may ealily be conceiv- 
ed, is pure good and malleable, lofeth nothing in 
any work whatfoever : though all metals may be 
made fuper iine, yet none can be made finer than 
gold is, which no element is able to touch, to 
take any thing from it, or to turn it to a Glimmer' 
(Splium) or cats-filver, of a glittering quality. 
Silver at Marychurch at Lorraync is more iinC 
than others. Super-Hne is called that, when a me- 
tal is pure, and rid of its excrements or drofs, 
which may eafily be taken off, and hindereth it 
not in its fining. In filver Myne-works there 
are often found fuch natural proofs of pure and 
fine oar, that it might fpeedily be digged and 
broken, though it mult be melted again by reafon 
of its Spolium^ or by reafon of Itrange colours 
and flowers it hath robbed, yet it eafily may be 
performed, which ferveth afterward for an in- 
llrudion, how Mineral-colours muft be obtained^ 
as Azur^ CbryfocoUey though they ftand in the Mi- 
iieral-glaife : fuch colours love to be in fiich pure 


t9 ' Ealllit^l^aJentinuihi!;Ufi ' 

oare, but are not fo foon inoculated, unkfTe it be 
in the Sude or codtion, in which the metal is very 
pure^and yields more naturally the mercury of the 
body, be it in the afccniioa or deicenllon, alfumeth 
then another body. Hence is it apparent, hovv 
the fame ought to be proceeded within the artiJi- 
cial After-work, out of one body into another, 
bow the body, in which it is, and from which it 
mufl: be had, oCight to be prepared, namely, it 
ra'uft be made pure and Super-tine. It appeareth 
m the fu/ij^i gold, cfpecially in that of. IFuUa- 
cina^ in whSft it is moft pure : how that mercury 
of metals puts oif his body, and the mercury of 
the body come from the mercury of the metal, 
puts the gold together into a clofe body and rega- 
ins, and it is feen in the gilding, how tirmly and 
clofely it fticketh, wanteth but a fmill matter of 
an augmenting quality, its Spolinm is only ob- 
ftrudfive thereunto : it is of a tranfmuting and 
elevating quality, if the other body be awakened 
zKo : for a body which is between awaking and 
lleeping eifedeth nothing, it muft be awakned 
wholly: if at the on boiling of a metal, asoT 
that Italhn gold, bz biit the ieaft impurity, that 
is, a heterogeneal part, it could not be brought to 
a compadtneiTe, which is feen at gilding. There- 
fore you mull: give an exad attention to learn to 
underftand what the prima materia of metalline 
bodies is, and how their 'Elevation is either ob- 
ftruded or augmented !> hovv homogeneal things 
are brought to a body. It is apparent in the mer- 
cury of metals, how qjofe and compad it ftands 
together in the flux, which flux cannot be takea 
from it : purity is the reaiba or caufe of that 
coDipa(Saeire, being there is no other metal mix- 

will and Tellamerf. ^9 

cd*with it : alToOn as any metalline body joyneth 
with it, then is it disjoyned, be it what metal or 
body it will. Hence it doth appear, how mctaU 
are brought to reft from their labour, namely, it 
they be tirft pure v for into pure matter may b- 
brought what is intended for it i which appcai- 
eth in the mercury of metals, its purity is the 
caufe why it doth not appear to the eye, but only 
in Its flux or hardnelTe. The mercury of metals 
is the flux of the mercury of bodies, that is, 
when wat:r comc-s to it, or the mercury of me- 
•tally bodies is come into the water inftead of ^ the 
air, which otherwif; is in the water : take it into 
confide rj-t ion, what manner of skill is required 
to get wind or air out of the water, and to bring 
another mercury into that place, if you get the 
air, which is in the earth , out of that earth, 
and in its lieu you get in the mercury of metalline 
bodits, then you have a Mercury in CoaguLuo v 
endeavour now how you may coagulate it, but 
not in the ordinary , common , and vulgarly 
known way. Bring ftill another mercury ot bo- 
dies inftead of the Marin-watcr into that water, 
then you have a fair pearl, take that fame mercu- 
ry of bodies, reduce it to an earth,' which muft be 
pure, inftead of the air then you have a pure jewel 
as pure as may be had from that,earth is in its co« 
lour, or you may put one to it, which you pleafe, 
it is a thing feafable. Thefe and the like pieces 
are afforded by parity, all which the work ot na- 
ture is a leader unto. ( Men that cart fb many foul 
aiperfions upon Philofophers are unworthy and 
not to be regarded^ nor credited, what they can 
foam againit their rare and glorious inventiojis 
•about the three principles, from whence all thcfc 


3 o I'W// and TeftamenK 

things have their Original. Make trials oTit> 

you will affirni to be true, what I have laid. 


Of impure Metal* 

THere is found ll:or& of metalline oars, hut 
few of them are pure, and few there are 
that- break or grow one by the other •, therefore 
thefe muil be leparated and fpoken of apart : 
The great work and expences which their clean- 
ing requifeth from their grofleneiTe let Melters 
{peak of; (eparating hath been ifivented,at which 
iome good things of the oars do ftay, the reft 
flieth away, and their fining is ufeful, efpecially 
when oars or metals are in their afcenhon^though 
it be chargeable. But to find EleBnms ^ and 
bring them to good by fcparating, differs from 
the former hning, and require th a fingular way 
of melting. Cunning and iubtile Artills may 
pretend to get filver out of iron, (I believe they 
may, if there be any in it) as they do in Srveed- 
land* Ofemund^lwdLys containeth lilver, which is 
only oif driven,, and calcine away the iron, and 
thus they cheat people : can they do the like 
with the iron which breaks in 67)^.-? .^ no fuch 
matter. Therefore take heed of "fuch cheaters, 
and take notice that nature loveth to keep her 
own ways orderly, and keeps together two and 
ibmetimes three forts of oarS in their afcenfion 
and defcenfion, whereby Ihe intimateth a way 
imto the After-work , but men in their fancy 
think upon other .lueaKS, though to nopurpofe. 


Bafjlius Valenttnus his hjl 3 r 

View all the Mines which are in Europe^ you will 
find no other cars but impure ones, that is, a 
mixture of them, for their nature maketh them, 
as much as I ever could learn : if you can fhew 
me the contrary, I will afTent unto thee, And 
this is the fccoud Argument, that metals are in 
their afcenfion and dcfcenfion unto perfedneflTe : 
if each had its peculiar work and initrument, 
then men needed not to take To much panis in 
melting to feparate them. For it is a difficult 
work to joyn weeds and ftanes, becaufe thefe are 
heterogeneal,and are of ditferingmatters : but the 
other joyning Toon together,require fpecial work- 
ing to be fcparated •> therefore view exadly the 
bodies two manner of ways, which is no fmall 
inftru(fi:ion. Firfr, m what manner you feparate 
the afhes from the fumes or food, this minifters 
already a twofold (eparatmg of metal, the earth 
from the tindure, there you h?.ve a twofold fepa- 
rating, and fo forth. Secondly, take notice of 
the Flux, to drive the cold fire with the warm, 
and the warm ^ith the cold, then you will be 
able to feparate the bodies from Mercuries^ then 
you have already feparated the metals without 
lofTe and damage, ufe thy lelf exad ly to it, and 
be carefvJ in obferving their names, not regarding 
the Miners exprefsions and terms, for the names 
they give to oars are falfe : for thole,which- build 
and dig after clefts and palTages, have their names 
of their bodily matters after the forts of the mi- 
nerals, and are diftindf therein. But youmufr 
call them after the forts of the feven bodies, and 
learn to prepare them h this work is of greater 
utility. Men are at great expences to get corro- 
five waters, to get afunder thefe metals, they do 

3 i Bafjl'm yalentmus his hjl 

it alfo by way of melting and cafting -, but fucli 
waters add great poifon to the work : it is a bet- 
ter way to do it with Lixivmms or (harp waters, 
wliich are not fb poifonous, learn their prepara- 
tion. There is another kind of inipiire oar, of 
which I made mention here and there, which 
contain Myne-llacks , you may read of in the 
Chapter of the Cinders, but there is a difference 
betwixt the cinder and the llack, for Hack are 
more corny, yet that alfo turns at lalt to cinders, 
Thefe flacks are the caufe of the cold fire, and 
cinders caufe the w^vm jntc^ or the Vrcdincs me- 
tallomm : thefe cold flacks are hardly gotten Qff ^ 
from the metal, becaufe they come from the cold 
flux hre of" mercuries altitude : for as the cinder 
comes from bodies j fc are thefe flacks of mer- 
cury i it is fecn, when you will have flacks of 
other matters than ufualiy they belong thereunto, 
then the mercury of bodies is rou2ed, which by 
the work is nothing elfe but a clofure and ftreani , 
tor \i you can conveniently get away the flacks, 
then you may perform and accomplifli Ibmething 
clfe with the Are of mercury, and it is neither 
ufual nor artihcial to deal much in cold tire :f6me 
Miners call it MijpucVsl-.Ndils £ns^ that Latlne 
name they put upon : it is true, it is vejyhard 
knit together, it is ditHcult to dig it , and to 
make its oiir to. good, and Antimony alfo is hard- 
ly gotten from other metals ("except from Sol) 
without damage : however, with advantage ic 
may be done curioufly, only you muil be expert 
in A^tJmwies qualities, i: or they belong toge- 
ther and are joyned , as Tin and Lead , Ji^if- 
mtith or MjiinefiJ' among or ^betwixt Iron and 
Copper. This IS a good diredionj and is (ufHci- 
\^ ' ' ent 

WiOandTeflament. J 3 

ent for fuch, who know what belongs to. meiN 
ing. '•■■'■ 

—rrw. —— M,/;::- 


Of pcrfecimetah 

T I If 7 Ho could tell what gold and filver were, 
V. V it they were not known hi their- perfe^ 
jftion, for when they are perfed:, it appeareth, 
when they have their colour, their weight, their 
malleablenels, their flux and hafdtiefs i and this 
perfed metal Nature hath produced compadly 
and purely ^ for (iich perfect, pure, and compad: 
,old is iound in Hungary^ in the white.marble^ 
which prefently may be broken, as alfo filver, 
copper: the difference betwixt the pcrfedtand 
Dure is,becaufe metals are not pure before they zvq 
Derfcdt --i and fo there may b^ a pcrted oar^ which 
s not pure : which defed is found in manyof our 
nctals, which come to their pertedion alToon as 
n any other Forreign. pajrts, but in their perfed: 
Durity they are defedlive fometimes. This is to be 
loted by this metaUa body murt hril: be •perked, or 
Drought to its perfedion, before it can be fixtiand 
t is of great know rightly what 
ixednels meaneth. 

A body which hath its due tindure, weight, 
md graduation, yet it hath mixed other obltru- 
'^ive impurities, here comes the work, and nature 
)egins to copulate theie two, tindure and gra- 
lation brings the metal into a purifying *, this pu- 
ifynig is hxation : for pure is as much as tix.And 
:iote, that the ground of the flrft is the body, 

D whidi 

34 Bafiliui Vahntinn^ hU lajl 

which is a fccret, into that I muft bring the tin 
dlure and gradation as well as lean, and take thejni 
tind:ure from Sol^ which is a thing feafable : then 
is it an E/£^r«w, which is a water , for in water f 
it abideth, then I take its ponderohty for it, and jj! 
bring it into an Okum^ or into a Sulphur^ the bo 
dy remaineth ftill, for in the afcenfion mercury }e 
lyeth the foundation of the body, as an Embrion^ 
to it comes ponderofity, which maketh itformal^ 
then comes Luhrkum^ after that comes the Vola- 
tile with the tincture, and perfedteth all the reft ic 
hath need ot to its perfedion. Why doth rea- 
fon play the fool in defpiiing the ways of nature, 
llpt obfcrving her courle ? For behold how won- 
derfully ihe bringeth rednefle into copper, turn- 
ing it into bralTe, but is not fixt, becauieitwas 
not her intent , it is a mcer colour which all 
other oars ealily imbrace, but is not iixt, which 
colour is eafily driven away with wood and coal- 
fire. Therefore it is a thing of great concern- 
ment to iearn rightly to know the bodies \ for at 
dilToiutions the property of a pure metal is 
known, what its tincti re, body, fait, and ponde- 
rofity is, efpecially if exadly be coniidered the 
anatomy ot all bodies after the Chymick way, 
how curioufly and properly are they anatomized ; 
w^e call the immature Ibirit, a fpirit of mercury > 
the perfed tindlure we call an knima^ or Sulphur, 
the ponderofity is called the fait or body, for the 
After-work conlirmeth the fame, that that fixati- 
on doth not only hold ni the fire, and all corro- 
five waters, efpecially that of Saturn-^ which is a 
precious one, more than other Aqua-fortis, but 
better in the malleableiieiTe without the §l^ari \ 
it holdeth alfo in the cement, becaufe it comes 


will and Teilament. 3 5 

mt of it. Therefore it is to be admired, why 
nen talk (b Itrangly of it, when they know no- 
hing of it, from whence it is, or what thecaufe 
tf it is ! But it is fo, the one hearkneth to the 
'ale of the other, and know no more than they 
ave from hear-faying s for they know not what 

fay, nor how to help what the work aileth, 

1 out of tune and difordered •, and if any fix 
nd lafting medicine is to be made, then that 
letal is beft, even as a vegetable which is come 
3 its maturity. This procelTe muft be obfcrved, 
Ifc all labour is in^ vain. For how can ye de- 
ri;y the body of a tiling that hath no body, 
Tjch lelTe can you have the tindure of it, before 

comes into the body : a tinware may b^ gotten 
om it, but not all the colours of that tindlure : 
er- exac^neiTe mufr be ufed, becau(e it is the 
rcateil: skill to do fo. On^ thing more I mufl 
.eds fpeak of, thofe that aim meerly with a 
reat and deep longing at riches (hould view 
■ods myllerics every where , if they compare 
le Scripture rightly, will hnd an inftrucSion, 
lat a (piritualty is held forth in an earthly thing: 
a metal be brought out of tb.e earth, and out 
-. its Officina^ like a man that is fet into another 
X. it abideth and liveth without food, is not 
.ad, but is alive '■> though it doth not ad, yet it 
it:th, and may foon be awakened : thus we 
3pe alio, that in the other eternal life, where 
lere is Sahbathiim & Sahhnthi^ things will hz 
Dne in a more glorious way. God maketh uie 
f us here for his prai(e, to make ufe of metals in 
lat kind : it will not be for our mifule and dii- 
:ace,but rather put greater honour upon us,more 
lau ever we put upon metals. 

D 2 CHAP. 

3 6 Bafilius Vahnun^s his'Iajl 


Of hnfofcci.nutaU 

1* He imperfedi: metal \% the wildeit among, all 
the reft v becauie tt'containcth all impurities 
with a confafed mixture. Ufually there is iet in 
a work of many pieces, which no man yet know 
eth ^hat they are, ' in which you rind matters 
joyiied, which are prepared and. unprepared of 
many bodies. Now if you will reduce that mat 
ter and cleaafe its metal, then the unprepared 
matter muft hril be wafhed away, and regard not 
the matter fb much as :the metal, which is yet 
tender and young in it, you muft not calcine it> 
but another lire belongeth to it. This perfedrion 
coniifts in nine fevaal pieces, which muil be well 
conlidered;, each muft be handled as it ought , if 
io be, the;' metal (hall not Dalfcr any wrong and 

Firlt^ conrid^r.WLll, .whetlier tlie oar bs in 
afceniion or dcfceniiou, then you may help its co- 
lour and whole body : for that metal, which is in 
its alcenfion muft be aided in its /j/i/^w, but the> 
metal, which is in its dicfcenrion mull be helped 
with S:f}liiim^ cKc it clyetli away, becaufe it is 
not pcifecled in its due place and (?j^>i>2j •, and 
that iU(ital is in a form accordingly. Thus maKc 
your proof, and be in your After-work the mere 
incou raged. 

. Seconclly, you muft take nohce of the nourifii-l 
ment or tood, which as I may fay, is notfullyj 
digefied , further the lame in its concoclion, 
elfe the excrements cannot well be gotten, 


will and Tejlament, 3 7 

off, v/hich would be the caufe of unmalleable' 

Thirdly, yci muft take notice of the Alix, that 
which is fluid muft be fried : for if both fluxes 
{hould be opened, they v/ould hardly be con- 
gealed again. For to diiTolve a new running 
Mercury of bodies, which per fe are running,- 
would prove a mecr duft andatome. 

Fourthly, remember the hardness or fixation 
of it, in what degree of afcenlion or defcenfion 
it is, that you niay add thereunto, an equal iirc- 
of its body : for cinders requireth one fort of 
tire, and ////igi,j/(?x,requixeth another kind of fire, 
and calcination mult have a due .fire : then your 
proceedings will be right, if you know the pro- 
per condition of fuch bodies, elfe'Jyou wrong 
them, by making it brittle, and flyeth off at a fe- 
cond calling. 

Fifthly,make a true diftindion betwixt the two 
imperfedions : from thence this metal hath its 
name i the one is of the body, the other is of, the 
inftrument : firft, take in hand the inftrument, 
and endeavour to help the body in the .preparati- 
on, and ftay its flux or running into another, and 
you drive the Sebwaden^ or the cuticle of the feed^ 
then goeth the cuticle of the feed, and the Fetch 
.or lite. 

Sixthly, confider that fire, which nature hath, 
-that you do not incroach or intrench too far upon 
the bodies : direcT: and order all your work upon 
the Vredines or foap, joyn it with your fire to the 
inftrument of the body. 

•v Seventhly,you ought to be inftruded well about 

\ \}at tindure of tjie Elecirums^ that you put not 

oif SjI mftead of Luna yhcc^uCc you.^re .^lot 

D ::» ex- 

58 BafiJm'^^alentinmhU h^ 

experienced enough in the fleeping tin(ftare or co- 
lourj which you are to awaken in the defcenfion, 
or when in the alcenfion you are to llrengthen 
and to keep them. Painters have a term in their 
profefsion which they call elevating and fhadow- 
ing) the fame you muil apply here to bodies, when 
they are in their perfedlion : therefore anatomize 
the bodies. 

Eighthly, we (ee Limners to mingle their co- 
lours with water and oil, and fo carry them on, 
you mufr learn a due preparation of the water, 
to imbibe the colour, which is a metalline wa- 
ter, whereby you corrode with not deftroying 
the colours, w^ ich you intend to have, it" you 
make aie of any other water btfides this, then all 
your labour is in vain \ cool with oil, then it re- 
maineth pure, and thus you have mucli ftrength- 
ened the Foiium* 

Laflly, take notice that the metal be ftraight- 
eitcd (b , that it look for no more food. All 
fuch things belonging thereunto you Hnd enough 
by this inibument, or not far off from if, or 
elie you may bring it caiily thereunto : all will 
be but impertedf, therefore put your help to it,you 
have natures halt work for advantage, with great 
pity it hath often been beheld, how fuch noble 
and pretious initruments Iiave been confumed in 
fire , which could have been for feveral good 
ufes, the workmen in their carelefsnefs not re- 
garding them. All other metals belong unto < 
this : for very (eldome is found a whole perted: 
metal, which fhould not want one help or other. 
He that is acquainted with thefe .will per- 
form thefe works with greatet advantage and 
more utility. F»r there murt be extant a per- 


Will and TejiamenU 3 p 

^cdncfs, if any thing (hall be purged, €0 that ano- 
ther pure or fix thing be brought in, be it the cO' 
lour or pondcroiity. 


Of the Soap-metal^ or Metallum Urcdinuna. 

1' F our upper Eleinents could not make a metal 
i to be nianifeft and apparent to us, who 
would have undertaken to work any metal. The 
great heat and cold which is under the ground i$ 
the caule of the body of metal, according to the 
predominancy of that heat and cold which is in 
the body. Tiie deeper the heat or cold is in that 
body, the fairer is its tin(^ure > this is a true fay- 
ing, But what this heat or cold is above, and 
what is attributed to the Plai:>et above, under- 
{landing men muft know it. 

At tirrt when the Ferch goeth forth, and goeth 
along through the earth with the fced in its fir- 
mamental officina^ then it comes forth fometimes, 
as far as its breathing may reach before it be in- 
fringed and allayed j it ftiil carrieth fome of the 
purert metal, and the fuperiour elements atford 
their virtue for their joyning : for where the ele- 
ments are in a conjundion, there they make a bo- 
dy, and force fomething from the F^rc^, then it 
rifeth and falleth, as it falls, fo it lieth (till, this is 
the reafon why the corns are fo Itrangely falhion- 
ed, they are either round or oval, and fo come to 
the metal accordingly, and is found : fometimes 
it falleth into the water, where it was catcht and 
overtaken^ but molt of all it loveth to be in the 

D 4 Vcdinu 

40 Bafilmydentinu^hh h^ 

Vredbies >or: foap, hence got- that name. Soaps- 
are mineral lprings,whcre the metal loveth to lye, 
thefe fpring from below,and thefe are foundfome- 
times wholly gilded over, and they caft upward 
taps of fuch colour.In thisCountry fuch fprings are 
near Rivers, at the toot of Mountains, but in the 
Almen they are on the top of the (bap as it were 
uplide down, on thefe iticketh the Ferch which 
paiTeth by it, or the air which forceth it from it. 
The whole bufinefs lyeth in the metalline waters 
as they are dillblved in their falts, thus they eafily 
imbrace the Fernh^ or the metal of that Fcrch and 
feed which it carrieth forth, and that goeth tor 
the beft Tin which is on the foap, being of an 
iron (hot, which iron is of feveral djifcrent de- 
grees, but here in this place it^is not energetical, 
as being obftruded by two parties. 

Firft, the water is an obllrudion unto it, for 
oar mull give way to water, it is carried away : 
fuch foap oar is fedome found by the Vndines^ or 
in the foap. 

Secondly, this Scohes powder or duft is not in 

its right officina^ becaufe it is not in this fubterra- 

nean air and element, where the lingular officina 

of metal is, and in this manner of condition are 

almoft all the (oap-metals in Europe^ but in other 

•Countries where there are none, or very few of 

•the(e nether mcta!s, if there be found any of 

■ them in the Dam earth of the highell or upper- 

moft metal, then is^it another matter, needs not 

• to be related here, becaufe it fcrv^eth not for our 

' work. Such metals are the bell, becaufe thty 

' lye dcepell at the metal 5. and if you intrench too. 

Inigh unto them with the. fire, then they £ye away 

twitk' thec'f £rc/:?5 by reafbn of their tranlcendent 

' V •' .Av ,; lupcr- 

JVill and Te^amen t. 4 c 

^uperfineneis: therefore when this ponderous Ycrcb 
and feed is, grown very hot in both heats of his 
work,c(peciallyin the dcfcenlion^then is it mighti- 
ly firengthened , in the confuming it groweth 
more hcmogeneal to the upper Mercuries of the 
earth and its inftrument, therefore it doth afTo- 
date thereunto, and obtaineth a going again, and 
this is the ground of alcending and going up- 
ward, befides or without of the nffichtjt as much 
as is known. 


Of inhjlatlon or inhrejthir.g. 

IT is a curious work to build after-clefts and 
pafTages, for it feemcth a thingjto be credited, 
that in them the breathings have more their going 
in and out than through the whole earth belides, 
but it is not advifable to take fuch fetches about, 
becaufe there is a nearer way unto it, namely, 
unto the metals, as if one would go to the well, 
and goeth all the ftreams down, through and by 
all the fp^ings, whereas there is a nearer way to 
go the foot-path, the fame condition it hath with 
the halations and breathings, becaufe the fumes 
and vapours lye therein,and are obltruclive rather 
to the breathing, than helpful. Therefore look 
not (o much upon clefts and palTages, but rather 
upon the halations or breatiiings, which keep 
their ftroak throughout the earth, becaufe the 

! fame doth not hinder its courfe,as men may deem. 
For we mufc know that the oars do breath only 

I under groui]d, and (hJe breathings are orderly 



4^ l^^filiusl^aJentirmhis hft ' 

ciiiliiigulflied. This is a remarkable thing, that 

oars breath from below where they are, and this 

is the difference betwixt the halation, vapour, 

fume, or breath, which goeth oblique, the crofs 

way, lateral way, or afar oif. Th,ret"ore here is 

• to be fpoken of that inhalation, when li goeth in 

its own ilrcngth, what it fheweth and figniheth, 

t:.': fume is lent unto the metal from the fuperiour 

fiiir layes, from thence (lie may have what fhc 

v/ill, and what (he hath need of for her fuftcn- 

J.:t;on, that brin^^eth the nourifhment, and driv- 

C-?. all downvvarsi co the metal and the lower 

pi .'.nets, but no farther than upon the earth, but 

though the Dam earth pr amm tcrr^^ there the 

oar or metal receiveth the inhalation, which 

arif-eth from the work, mar^eth uIL of it : for it 

is manifeft that the elements cannot reach deep 

into the ground. Seeing the halations are invi- 

lible, whofe being cannot be ieen iiiThem, a mans 

breath can fooner be difcerned and feen^ than the 

halation may •? which may be known byaiv;t- 

ten^ when a metal worketh, then it breatheth, 

which breath i.t draweth again, and fo forth : 

then the Sun muil: come in to help, for if the Sy- 

Jleme is at the inhalation, which muft be known 

artificially, there is the purell: earth, from whence 

man is taken,as fome ancient writers do conceive, 

which earth containeth many hidden virtue^ in 

the after work of Metals. This inhalation fcrveth 

chiefly for thit purpofe as you heard, to draw, 

f wallow, and take down the food into the body^ 

For you muft not think, that fne lets it lye in the 

body, after fhe hath brought it in, but it is a Vii 

retentive to keep that faft, which it drunk in, and 

to that end (he prepareth in that whole journey 


TVill and TeBament. 43 

from that place where (he recciveth or borroweth 
gf the Sun, which drivcth down all pondcroi:. 
things, as we fee by all fuch juyes and (aps wh' 
are driven downward \ in this drawing down . . 
hath this quality, what Taps or juyces it taketh, 
the Tame fink down deeper more and mere, and 
fublimcth them the more highly into its flores* 
But this I call flores^ when it cannot fuhlime any 
further, and brings it at lafl: to a garment cr body 
otf a metal. 

He that knoweth thefe flowers rightly, he hath 
learned fomething of nature, and he that know- 
eth of what they are made, h^ is come yet fur- 
ther \ but fiich flowers are made naturally of 
mean ftuif, which worketh . by a threefold fire, 
among which the inhalations fire is not the mean- 
eft, but the chiefeft, becaufe it is the next unto 
perfection. But this breatfiing is more a fiery 
aerial heat, than it hath of any hre, becaufe it 
: flameth without any kindling , otherwifc it 
would combure the nutriment in the officina^ (he 
concealeth rather, kcepeth things together, and 
flrengtheneth them, itexpelleth humidities and 
vapours-, and confequently it cauleth thofe evil 
vapours, fumes, and breaths, which poifon the 
whole earth below, and are the caufe of many 
dangerous difeafes, as it hath been known. 


• Of exhalations or out-hnathings* 

CEeing, ftirring, and moving, muft be continu- 
ally at the metalline work as long as the me- 

44 I^afilm Va. leh th.iv. his laft 

tal attradu^th, and efpccially the in moving or • 
taking into, Iience the next inhalation of the liv- 
ing oar mull be jftronger, therefore Nature affords 
iOy that becaufe the halations can come no fur- 
ther in the metal , becaufe metal is the end 
ot the work under ground, that t;hen the exha- 
lations mull: draw on, and mult turn into the 
metal, the return of that metals breathing from 
below into a true natural breathing of metals 
growethloftnmg, t'lat it kjndleth, yet without 
a light or Hamc, but gloweth without a flame or 
light, and purgeth that which is to be purged in 
the work, not oAly in the work in the officina^ but 
in the whole matter, till fte heaveth and protrud- 
cch the pure atomes of the earth, which the Sua 
gloriouily dilTolvcth again into juyces ^ for the 
atomes are the flowers of the terrene-ialt , (he 
cannot indure them, neither are they ufeful in the 
earth, but muft be difTjlved again in the uppex 
airi but this exhalation, though it be always 
about the metal, yet is it apparent in its liotten ox 
Kubed'j^ what the oar doth, then the breathing 
feizeth on the Rotten or Kiibcdh and kindleth 
them, then is the metal in its decay or decreaie, 
and is a dead, metal, and molt of the lire goeth 
forth, which kindleth this Ked^ and the cold iiiy- 
eth by the nether metal, which groweth predomi- 
nant, hence w^e fee what Vredines are able to 
do, when they are predominant , in metals, then 
the cold gets the upper hand, and difgraceth the 
oar, bringing it as low as lead ^ but if heat get 
the upper hand, then the metal groweth higher 
and higher, and more lively. This is the difference 
betwixt the heat of hres,which is called Vredines^ 
the vehicle.of that heat is the inlfrument or anat- 


will and Trjidment. 45 

'ter which aflfbrdeth the place oVit.Yo'^Vredbics are 
'the caufeoffome thing, but fire deitroyeth it,oi the 
Vredlnes maybe without the hre,& above the fire. 
TheiTioft ancient Philolbphers call it ccflcjhs&i/t' 
fernaics vires h for it is apparent in gold, that fire 
cannot prevail againli it, but only againfl the tlux 
of it, and canrot confume it, and the Mercury 
cannot hurt neither, only he bringeth hardncis 
unto it, which is good, -but to vvhat purpoie ^ 
for he is not turned to any filver i both thete 
■breathings, upper and nether, in and out-breath- 
ing comes all to one, and is not only its quality 
to fhew and make known the metal and oar, but 
pafTeth through the earth alfo, to keep them from 
turning into ftoncs, to tlay aiid keep them porous 
one upon another, and to make them pure : for 
itpurgeth the earth, as the fcl.rr breathing above 
doth the air,&asthcfame breathing above bring- 
eth and caufeth wind, mifr, rain, hoar froft,fnow, 
even fothe fnbterranean breathingcaufeth vapors, 
fumes,breaths,faps, minerals, foaps,d^c. and bring- 
'.eth forth gold out of their ieed. He that under- 
ftandeth thefe nether, upper, and other metors, 
he may make all manner of quick After-works i 
For Art treadeth into the foot-lreps of Nature. 

^ CHAP. XV \h 

Of corrufcation-i or of adhahtlon-, or to breathing 
or glittering. 

Miners feeing this breathing afcend by night; 
like a dame, they count that only a breath- 
ing,andnone eKK which ^fr/e is not a true breath- 

4^ BafiUus Valentinm his lafi 

ing, but only a corrufcdtion^ for it burneth away 
the excrements, not wholly, only fuch things 
that are naught and poifonoiis, purgeth the air 
from the fame (link ■-, for where (hould the cuti- 
cle of the feed get out, if *it fhould not be carri- 
ed forth, partly by this flame of fire, and partly 
by the water ? For this ftink weakeneth the oar 
mightily, efpecially it (poils its colour, whereas 
it may eafily be burned or wafhed away, before 
it groweth to fuch a ftink, be it in fofih or li- 
quours. This breathing or gliftering ftrength- 
eneth the cinders, it toucheth them not in a way 
of heat, but in a way of fire, and is not an up- 
boiling, but a burning unto. 

Seeing this ftuff which this corrufcation feiz- 
ethon, is found often in a place where no metals 
are, therefore is it very deceitful, however com- 
monly and for the moii part of a metalline 
breath* For note the metal never aflfords or caft- 
eth any flame,neither doth it confume in burnmg, 
but flyeth away and vanifheth, you cannot know 
which way if is gone s therefore thefe exuvis 
f^ermatU-, or husks of the feed, is a greater infedi- 
on, and plainer evidence, that there is an oar at 
hands becaufe ir maketh many glorious things 
apparent, which the fire fcizeth on, it mufr not 
quite be melted from , its outgoing is a fign 
that it doth no good by the m.tals, neither 
can it ihy with it, unlefs it fiick tioie# Here you 
may obferve again,that fire doth not good to me- 
tals, but a warmth which doth not come from 
fire, as a natural heat is in man without fire i for 
where are the coals which nature ufeth for oars, 
yet is it hot ? where is there any better blail to 
make things congeal ? A cold without a trolt is 


will and Te^ament'. 4? 

another matter, as it appeareth in Pearls. I call 
it Vrcdlncs^ as a warmth without an heat, yea> 
this heat and froll cauieth a food unto hre, it can- 
not indure it any where about it , therefore if 
you bring a metal into its heat and cold, then you 
have already a ground for the After work '-> you 
have litilc learning or skill, if you do not know 
io much 


0/Folium Qc Spoil um •, or of the Schimmer 
ajid Glimmer. 

•T He fecond or other thing which apparently 

i (hews and diitinguilheth metals, is the co- 

[our. The condition of colour is this, that they 

are not fo difcernabie, by reafon of their dark- 

iic(s, in which they naturally are, they are eleva^ 

red and brought to a Folium , or are exalted 

through a Folium^ as an obfcure and untranfpa- 

fcnt folium doth the fame in a lucidum & tranflu-- 

v.idum corpus -i the fame mufi a tranlparent /y/i///^» 

lo in a thick body, as m^ctals are an opacum corpm-i 

Lining like the moon with a borrowed light into 

he body, and the folium giveth it forth out^ of 

■hat body. 

Such a folium or glitter may be made artiiicial- 
y, but nature fheweth that it may be had from a 
Volatile '■> though it be true, that that Volatile may 
lot be bad, unlefs in its feed and body : yet it is 
bon extant with the body , for he that knoweth 
dot the condition of the folium^ he canneithei" 

rthe flux nor congelation bring any oar or me- 

4 ^ BajiUus Valentims his lafl 

tal into its true tindrure ;, the condition of this 
Folium is, that it is as thin as' any leaf in the 
world can be, of thcfe leaves is compofed a me^ 
tilline body. 

Countcrteit Chymifis bufie themfdves ' very 
iimch with their StraUims , SupcrflratHms^ but 
here it is naturally thinner than beaten^old, and 
this is called opaca. fcr^icuita^^ an in brought leaf, 
i\ox. gilded in, or lilvered. Here li eth a carious 
skill for tinging, with this leaf, jf brought into 
the Glimmer h one knowledge is the caufe of ano 
ther, and as it is (een in a glowing and glittering 
iplendour, that there is no cxhvi£ .Jpermat'j^ or 
hull of the feed at hand, neither may it be known 
in any fdhim or jpoliiim , by its jf'Ccuhtm^s or 
night lights , to prepare that leaf and jp: Imm^ 
which foon doth louicn and free it felf, and this is 
ihe chicieft thing, tor it goeth off with the worii 
pollen, and comes on alfo, and mult fettle and 
reft. . ': \v.\^.:. 


L )f fi^Uginous vapours and .ajhcs* 

Touching the white foot of me.tals, which is 
a precious garment to iilver, it" only brought 
into Mercuries,\ wonderful to behold, .tllat, iix 
corruption of metals and of the hdi bodies 
fl\oiiid attbrd the higheli: and the uppermoil turu 
ii) be the lowermpit, where thefe foots are found 
iurely there is metal at hand alfo i. Luitkirand 
more natural is hardly feen, then there is in Siy^ 
ria where they .make good iteel ot- it.: ; Jn iFaUa-. 


Will and Tell dment. *4^ 

chh it breaketh or is found near lilver, and this 
is the fureft thing in the metalline work,as well in 
the Natural, as in the After-work, which feemeth 
moil incredible unto the people ^ and again, that 
which is moft uncertain proveth to be moil cer- 
tains the reafon of it is, becaule they know and 
underhand it not better. Miners have in their 
clefts and palTages things hanging and lying, in 
which great matters might be had and found, but 
require great toil, and is a dangerous work by 
reafon of their poifon. Though the Halation 
and breathing goeth along^ yet it carrieth many 
thing with it, which hardly may be gotten from 
it, neither doth it quit the pain andexpences. 
Miners call the matter after their way indifcreet- 
ly and inconiiderately, as the greedy Alchymifts 
fiippofe, that when men (peak of the Mercury of 
bodies, to be the Mercury of metals \ or the ialt? 
of bodies, to be a fait like other common fait h 
Afhes of Saturn are feen here neatly, before they 
come or go any higher, and before they do turn 
unto filver, for foon do they imbrace Antimony v 
the fame the congealed water or coagulated Sa- 
turn hath likewKe, and is a pure proof to all me- 
tals, and groweth deep. 

Then there is a pure Wifmuth, which is grois, 
containeth a congealed water of Saturne-, which 
is found alfo with great gain about metals, when 
they are reduced to their hrft matter, then it 
jfcendcth into a glais metalline work,and the a(h- 
work ceafeth.Chymifisin old times,and now al fb 
made themfelves very buiie with their fait, to 
Tiake all bodies potable thereby, having reduced 
hem hrft into (alts ; but here is an alhurh out of 
*r(hes , which afhes afford fahs , which is but 

E in 

5 o Baflius f^alentinus his lajl 

m vain h for aihes are garments, intimating and 
pointing at the thing which is clad, and the oar 
cloathcth It felf wich it, when it is coming near 
the day. The condition of Potabilia is other- 
wife, they muft be brought into potablenefs, and 
is done in a clean contrary way than they go to 
work with. But thefe are lerved well enough, 
that goc for nothmg but for gold , Nature giveth 
to (uch thefe garments ', it giveth the llip before 
men are aware of, I mean the body, therefore 
look well unto bodies. 


Of Scobes and metalline n>jtci\ of the Schlich am 
lye (Lixivium.) 

^l Ature in her work mult frill have an increafe 
^ and decreafe, fome things are coming, and are going v and as above ground at the 
mt^iting, and at the hammer metals do lofe fume- 
what, io it is under ground. But how thefe (ub- ' 
terranean decreaf^s are difcerned , which like 
crums of bre^d (hould be prcferved. Nature be-^ 
ing provident keeps them together alfb, bringing 
them unto the day liglit, that they might be 
brought to good, and that metal is known aifo 
to he under that ground by the Scobs or A%/i 
which it excerneth, namely, the rocks, ftones, [ 
flints, which fucked nature dry in her work, 
thcic are tlie otfals, if empty of metals, and if 
fome good oar be in it, then that may well be |j 
called Sehlicb or fiiding, becaufe it fudeth away 
from tne work, ic frealcth away, where fuch |j 


will and Te^ament. ^i 

Aiding is, take notice of it/or it breaks offtiom the 
matter in the officlna^ wherein metals are in their 
work, and perform their office,and that Schlich oic 
Hiding is a fure fign that metils are in that place- 
So the Lixzx/f//w alfo, or metalline water is a 
fure forerunner of metals, and it difTolveth ftill 
in the work, and loofeneth fomewhat from the 
;metals, in which there is a Scbnede and vertue : 
for as I have faid, when I made mention of mi- 
nerals, where there are fojfilia m'lneralia^ there is 
fure a Mine-work. And where ilich minerals 
are, they foon diiTolve into a water of Lixivium : 
and this is the difference betwixt the water and 
the Lixivium '■> water affords only the mineral, 
and the metals allow the flowers thereunto, oat 
of thefe comes a Lixivium : the effed of this 
Water and Lixivium is well known, for they car- 
ry in a hidden way flowers or tind:ures of oars. 
The Cement or Lixivium ^tSchjvelnitz in Hunga- 
^y corrodcth iron into a Schlich or iTiding :, and 
that iron Aiding is taken again out of the 
Dray, and is cafr, then is it good' Mercury. There 
ire more of fuch Lixiviums , but men regard 
rhem not, that water alio Is a fign of a very pure 
oiineral , for let us conhder the water at G^flzry 
ioth it not yield pure white and red Vitriol ^ and 
n feveral other places there is found good cop- 
per, filver, and lead : out of thefe waters may 
>e had again minerals, as you pleafe or intend to 
lave them, without any great pains-taking. For 
fa mineral is exficcated, then'it hath no more 
fie ftrength to run forth, but groweth tough, and 
iS dried up finking into the ground. " There 
ire waters in Hungary^ favouring of Sulphur and' 
^llom, which afford ll:ore of gold and copper v 
E 2 aliumi- 

51 Bafiiius VdeniinttS hh la^ 

alluminous water in Mifnia. afford filver and cop 
per > the waters in Bohemia which tafte of faHtcx 
Or iron, afford feveral forts of roetal,except gold. 
The Mints in ^fjrzV have their fpecial metalline 
waters and lixivutms , befides other excellent 
Mine-works, infomuch that the whole Mines are 
of meer lieel, copper, gold, filvcr, quickfilver, 
and other things-mens hearts may wifh for. The 
fait waters at fV<:?;/ci^e;^/7o//y^, do they not llgniiie 
that there are curious Mnie-works there ? which 
if the inhabitant took more notice of, and were 
more known, what gains could they not make 
of them ? The more thele waters are running, 
the better they ferve for many ufes \ if they are 
ftanding, itis a fign that there are evil andi bad 
minerals at hand } and that there are cide, ma- 
ters, and minerals that were gone and left behind 
in abundance, of (ediments and fumes. Take heed 
of thefe. 


Of Scoria ^/^^i Exuvium, of the feed andh^fU 
of the feed* 

THe utmoft, and laft decreaife, and diminution 
of metals is cinder, which is very good and 
harmlefs. I mean that cinder which metals put 
off by their Vredincs or foaps. For the cxuvium 
or husk which the corrufcation or by-breathing 
leaveth behind," and is like unto a cinder, is ano- 
ther (brt of cinder, like unto that which comes 
from the forges of Smiths and Melters j for be- 
fides tliat they weigh their bodies, they clcanfc 


will and Tefiament. 5 J 

them alfo, tho igb the lye doth purge the Maie- 
rals and colours, yet themfelves alfo do purge, aS 
iUecn by the cinders which every metal leavcth 
behind in the Hre, which however are not Ifke 
unto this. By this cmdcr it is £cQn alfo, that 
there are metals at hand > for the cinders of Mi- 
nerals, which the corrufcation caufeth, are pal- 
pable, known, and vifible : Underftanding Mi- 
ners know the fame h There is a metalline cinder 
among the llacks, but not known, which is the 
reafon why llacks are fo brittle,elfe they would be 
malleable, or elfe they could be caft ^ompaCt^fome 
have undertaken that work, but they could not 
get off thefe cinders. 

Touching the Schrvadenox Husks, thefe do 
fairly intimate the departing of the feed, and of 
the work of all bodies : for when the ball ceaG' 
cth to work, and hath no more food, neither of 
the minerals, nor of the bodies, and now the Fa- 
Imm is gone into SpolmnZ:, then it is at feparating, 
and breaketh the band of the leaf 'and feed,which 
is called the Schwaden or Husk^ it is anextream 
poifon, it deftroyeth all that liveth, efpccially 
breathing things •, for it is its intent to return thi- 
ther againi therefore to what place foever it com- 
€th, finding things tliat move and ftir, the fame it 
deitroyeth, and it felf alfo s and af laft, it return* 
eth to the officina of the feed, helps to glue on and 
imbibe, and turns to be a band again. Where 
fuch poifon is, be fure that there was (ilver and 
metal there, but never in that place, where it 
went forth, and is turned into another thing » 
for after the decay of each body, and of its leaf, 
and after the oli-plucking a lingular husk, the 
lafr it raaketh is the tiercelt '•> for there it lyech 

E 2 like 

54 Bafilml'^dentinmhU U^ 

like a Sfecuhm upon the water, and eafily tum- 
eth into nouriftiments, which is thercafonwhy 
it turneth (b fooii to the metals, and Co the nou- 
rifhments are iiiieded contrary to their quality,: 
that it wandereth (6 up and down is the reafon, 
becaufe it containeth (bme of the feed and of the 
life, and is the untowardnefs : for the feed mull 
have fomething in which it may lye, which if it 
be not one of the bodies of the feven metals, 
then • 19 it fiich a poifon or husk, this is the skin 
wherein it containeth irfclfi fo long till the cor- 
rufcatibn forceth it away, which then is death 
unto it 4-- . 

' 'j -A I'il ,cl:&\ -. . — "^^ """ ' 

>bii^ ,b.r CHAP. XXII. 

Of'thejhimng rod^ or of the fire rod* 

HE- that intehds-to meddle with rods, muft 
• rriotifollow after his own fancy, nor bring 
ilovdttiesi^tnto Mine-works out of his fuppofiti- 
®iiW - fpor nature indureth not to be curb'd in her 
ordei-y -but max mui\ be regulated according to 
NatLirc. Concerning the rod, good notice muft 
be taken of the Breathing, and this Lucens vir* 
g^^/j-^-or iire-rod is ordered upon the operative 
and attrad:ive breathing •, for if it were ftrong, 
though it doth not kindle, yet it doth its office, 
through and by a heat appropriated to its quali- 
ty. A great heat in a furnace puts out a (mall 
heat, light , or fire , the fame effed hath this 
breathing upon this Rod, which being kindled 
and ftuck in, is put out, no upper air or wind can 
hurt it 5 for our upper fire cannot Kve or burn 


will and TefiamnH. 5>T 

Lindcr ground, for ';if a light or candle be hiC 
cgainft a (lone or earth, it is put out, Ixcaufe it 
cannot fall in. It atttadeth the nutriment, 
which maketh this Rod burn, and fucks it dry. 
This is remarkable in the matter of this Rod, 
that it hath an unduoiity which doth not burn, • 
as the feeds husk is, who(e poifon put out lights 
under ground in an extraordinary manner- And 
the breathing above ground doth the fame in a 
peculiar manner. Few Miners know this fire, 
and is the only means whereby the inhalation is 
known. This hre-work, thus extraded, is of 
fpeclalufe in Mines, and then in the After-work 
is of feveral ufe for m.etals^ of the which -more 
in its due place : to defcry fire by fire is no mean 
skill,and the fabterranean fire can in no other way 
be maftered. Ancient Philofophers have written 
much of it : how fuperiour elements liiake their 
jundture with the nether, intimating alio that by 
the means of the middle, £lements mixik. be learn- 
ed the emergy of the fuperiour aud (ubterranean. 
For they are fpirits which joyn the fouls above 
the groiler bodies below, elfe nothing could have 
any luccefs within the earth, and tor their ops- 
ration there mufl be a med'mm^ a gluten : to tyd' 
and bind fire with fire, is a firange maxime, but 
is a true one : hence cometh a refer ve of fire, 
which never burneth -, all three mufi be together : 
for the upper is the light fire^ and the metal is 
the flame-fire, and the nether is the burning fire. 
This we (hall know at the great day in the other 
life, v/hereGod will feparatc the burning from 
the flame, when it flametli \ then will the burn- 
ing confume Hell, and Hell will foon be burned 
away , neither will there be any clcarnels, but 

E 4 dark- 

darknefs, becaufc God beftoweth the light upon 
his chofcii ones, which is neither a flame nor a 
burning 5 here thefe mult fland together. Be ac- 
quainted with its friendhnels and friend{hip,make 
it thy advantage, which is abitrufely hid, and go- 
eth invilibly. 


Of the glor/mg Rod. 

BEcaiifi the fiirring of the Rod is fallen into 
abufe among many people 5 however it is a 
fundamental way to know and to bring forth the 
metals, if duly and naturally ufcd. It is an un- 
deniable truth, as I made mention of it afore, 
that metals do breath, and the fame breathing is 
invifible > the bell means to learn it is the Rod, 
this is the rcafon why I call this rod the glowing 
rod, becaufc it revealeth and (hewcth the exhala- 
tion of metals, which exhalation is of a fiery 
heat, though it calteth neither flame nor {parks, 
yet it is of fuch an heat, that it gloweth in its 
«nanner , and brmgs the rod into a glowing, 
which is an mfallible lign that there is a living 
metal at hand. This rod, if it fnould be more 
glowing without a flame, there mufl: be ufed fpe- 
cial matter, which rcceiveth that Are, elfe it can- 
not be done with any utility. Concerning that 
- rod •, it is a itick or Itaif, of the length of half 
an ell, of hard wood, as of oak, unto jt is fafren- 
ed the matter, even as a torch or link is made oj 
pitch or wax : this matter mult be of an undfu- 
cus matter, either ot an animal, vegetable, or 


JVill andTeflamnt. 57 

fomewhat elfe, whicli is upon or above groand •, 
it muft not be too ftrong, otherwife it fetsthe 
breathing on fire v no talk, wax, pitch, or refcin 
is fit to be uled, nor any mineral, othervvife that 
breath, mineral, or metal would i-wt its food on 
fire, and confume it ^ it muft be ^ calx of earth, 
which catcheth that heat (iiddenly, and fmothers 
in a heat as calx doth above ground, b:ing moift- 
iied, it falls thus hot off from the rod. This 
lime, burnt above by breathing, is good for fevc- 
ral ufes. But this breathing doth not feize on the 
undtuofity or Mine-wax *, elfc how could the nou- 
rifhment of minerals profper ? Miners call it a 
Spath^ a true calx of the earth. It is not corroded 
and feized on under ground, .becaufe it hath too 
much of humidity. Some call it a Mine Mer- 
mel or fubterranean Mermel^ but is no fuch mat- 
ter, becaufe he doth not indure the weather above 
ground, cxliccateth, and by breathing is kindled 
at laft. 

The huge Mountains in Norrpay^ the oars in 
Srpedeland^ feize on it and corrode it, they are full 
of Spath or calx, in their glowing they grow hol- 
low ^ for if they were in a flame, that land hid 
been confumed long ago. For as foon as that 
Earth-water comes torth from this Spath^ and the 
exliccating earth cometh forth alfb, then the hid- 
den fire ialls into their places. 


* ^ Bafilius raJenthitti his M 


Of the I u ping Kod^ 

\7 \I Hi1ft metal is in its pnriiication, that it 
^ neither rjfeth nor movetli, then it hath 
its breathing the fame as it is of a lingular condi- 
tion, muft be di (covered and let forth by a lingu-- 
hr Rod -, which Rod is of two ilicks held toge^ 
ther with both hands : vvhere there is fuch a 
breathing, it lyeth clofe on that Rod, no man is 
able to hold theie ilicks together, if that breathe 
ethon them: and if it were a foigle liick, it 
would break in two, the innea^Uide where this 
Rod is laid together muft be ai^oirited with Mar- 
cafite, that breathing draweth it do7/nward,evin 
as the Magnet is of an attradf ive Ofitaiity, to draw 
ironv fo draweth the breathing of'fhis oar, the 
Marcaiite h becauie the condition and property of 
theMarcafite is to. ft'rengeh.n the "breathing of 
the purification. There is not a better way -of 
Rchnlng, as to u(e to each metal its peculiar M$r* 
cafitej there is a twofold Matciiltc,- out above 
of the Vredhtos^orupptr elemental- heat', and the 
other of the nether, of this Ma-rcafite Sr/^j/ic/? or 
fmali duft is put to the point of the Rod the me- 
tals breathing caufetH the Rod-to-leapa(under. At 
melting of oars and metals there mult be added 
a double llack, an upper and a nether, that thiC 
metal may bleak the better h the like mufi be ob- 
ftrved here at this purifying and rr.tining. The 
Marcafites, becauie fefpecially thole above, not 
thofe under ground) carry foap -metal, and are 
pure, help the purityng very much j pure fer- 

iWtR andTeflamenU 5 a 

mcnt put to dowj fenpenteth the iame quickly > 
the fame condition is In oars, a fmall addition 
will further their Rehning. There is a general 
complaint, that Marcafite requircth a great deal 
of labour, before it can be brought to any good, 
-what is 'the reafon ? the true manual is unknown. 
I call that a manual, when Nature 
can be afsifted with advantage and ^ Manual^ 
skill. Add to any metal or oar ^ ^ ^^*^' 
calcined, which you intend to refine, that is fit to 
be added, you will quickly fce the eflfed:. I could 
ipeak of the feveral Marcafites, of the feveral oars 
and metals, but it is needlefe for the after-works , 
I would not willingly have perverfe men be ac- 
quainted with fhefe fecretSy they have it often 
in their hands, but they do not 

know what they have j for what . ^*^. ^f'^ffi^^ ^f 
' ^i. \A r. £■' ^ ' '^ ^ nmH the Magnet 
IS the Marcalite or iron ? is it not q^ Load-hone, 

the Magnet } and what is it of ^e J^arcafite of 

gold > is it not Laiul ? and fo I*^^ if ^he Lapis 

torth of the reft. Go down in- ^^^"^* 

to the Mine, take this r.]le along with thee, then 

you will come out of it more wife than you went 

{ down, and be thankful for it. 


Of Furcilla, or of the ftrikjng Rod. 

AS mans natural breath gpeth in and out, fo is 
the halation aKb, and it carrieth all the reft. 
Mans breath when he drinketh wine, fmells not 
little of it, or after any other hard fented food, 
this carrieth this breath in and out all other fent- 


^ o Bafillus f^alentl>m his lafl 

hig breaths out of mans body r even To do I com- 
pare this hilation alfo, with a natural quick 
breath, which carrieth all the rell, that come in 
the Fercb and feed. So there is no other brick- 
ing rod for it, but what is of a years growth, 
which othervvi(e is called a Sommer-hth, this the 
Miners cut o.f after the ufaal way, and fo iu the 
Name of God they go.': it it ftrikes in, then is it 
good s if not, then his unlucky hand and mif- 
fortnne is blamed, which is hllen upon him, and 
thinks that his handy-works are not blelTed ^ thus 
out of a filfe conceit men fuppofe their own apt- 
neft and difpolition, either hinder or further them 
therein, not coniidering Gods gifts and blefsing > 
and the moft of them do not know after what, 
and^t what, thofe rods do rtrike,they wear it un- 
der their girdle, or on their hat-band, keep it in a 
devotion, as their fuperftition leadeth them unto, 
to get their bread according to their necefsity ; 
God hath beftowed enough on them, if they knew 
how to manage their things judicioufly. 

There is one thing -to be noted alfo, that the 
feveral airs or breathings have their feveral ope- 
ra.tions, cfpecially upon aerial things. For Aftro- 
i:omers appropriate fomc trees and fruits to the 
air; The upper air hath the upper part of the 
trees and their fruits, the nether air polTelleth the 
toot, milketh and attradcth the juyce they yeild, 
becaufe it is their allotted part, as vvell as the up- 
per part is allotted for the upper air, where it ef- 
tedeth the juyce, leaves, fruits, as it is feen, that 
the blefsing cometh from above at Hrft, which is 
palpably (cen in propt twigs, they make the twig 
.and the fruit twiilingly hrm, and this fap fmketa 
in due time, which is drawn up by degrees by a 


will and Te^ment. 6i 

j hot air from below, which is the'r food, their 
work, matter, and all aerial things. 

Therefore if you take fuch a rod, cfpecially of 
a Hazel, or of a Kray tree, whofe fap is full, and 
beareth a pleafant and fweet fruit, it drawcth the 
fame downward, that the rod muft link and 
ftrick, it will fuck out the juyce when the rod 
ftands right on its palTage, this holdeth from 
above unto this rtation, where the rod ftandeth 
ftill, that place they call the oars itation, frandint; 
as firaight as a line. 

This rod draweth the halation naturally after 
the fap fo Ibongly, that the rod do:h bow to the 
halation, and to that earth, unlefs it w^ere fo 
firongely pinned that it could not bow. It doth 
not draw obliquely, and ftricketh neither at the 
upper nor thelower,but at the middle part, which 
is called the wind, and is good neither for the 
one, nor for the other, neither doth it breath, 
thralling together the beams, making their outer 
rind, according as it is eitler good or bad, fo it 
hurteth or furt lereth the upper and lower breath- 
ing. This diltindicn mufi be well obfcrved , the 
llreams and oars run that way alfo. Hereunto 
are ufed the tops of Almond-treeS; and of (uch 
fruit-trees as do conlift of a mear kernel, and an 
hard fhell j for fuch (bells, and the afhes of fiuch 
trees, and all that they have, are much aerial and 
iiery, which ferve belt for the metalline work, 
and the beft kindling coals are made of them5and 
are very light. 


4t BaJiUus ydentinus his laji 


Of Virgula tripidans *, or of the heaving cr 
trembling Rod* 

THe breathings driving the fumes together 
above and below, you muft conceive, that it 
requireth great skill to difccrnoth.r. breathings 
troni this s the breathings of the upper Element 
are jovial, and the nether breathings are jovial 
alfo, the fame is apparent in their worK. The 
wind alfo is jiipter^ he fumeth thefe together, 
and that breathing can hardly be difcerned by the 
rod : this skill is of an high ftrain : This heaving 
rod doth (hew the way, it muil: be made of a me- 
talline lamine, as of lieel, which muft be thrulicd 
below the dam earth, at the end of that earth 
thefe breathings and halations come together,and 
the rod ftirreth, quaketh, which it doth not, un- 
lefe at fuch a time. The raycs of the infer! our 
and fuperiour bodies may not be ftayed, but only^ 
at the work they d.Q (land ^ for at their breathing 
they have their afceniion and defcenfion, are not 
held in their life's going, unlcfs by the matter of 
this rod, there is a knot on that fiick, and it is 
hollow like a Cane •, this matter of the rod is 
made of an Elccirttm^ drawn from the beft thin 
lamins of Luna and S^;/, put into a glafs-head, 
w^hich hindereth not the breathing, bccaufe it 
will not be hindered, as a veflcl may, made above 
ground s therefore look how you thrive, if you 
drive it in too deep, if you take not matter out of 
^he inferiour earth matter, as hath been mention- 
ed before. 


will and Te^amentl 6^ 

The flrength you perceived oF the Ibriking 
rod, if there be an aerial halation at hand, you 
fee how that rod quaketh , for the infcriour 
afccndeth and toucheth, and the fupcriour de- 
Icendcth and toucheth likcwKe, which rouzeth 
as it were the Ferck^ or life and feed of the metal. 
The liKe appeareth in the clouds, how they move 
to and fro, before any fnow or other weather 
comes, and before the vapours be digelied, which 
[afccndeth : the fame procefs have the halations 
iubterranean, before they can m.ingle with the fu- 
pcriour halations, they mufi be pluck'd olf, emalg- 
:d : it any of them afccnd yet higher, they dii^ 
folve either into rain, or congeal into fnow jdew, 
jand hoar- froil:, before they part afunder. 


Of the falling llodj or of the nether Kod^ 

THat there is a peculiar and vehem.ent movini^ 
quality and power in the breathing and hala- 
tion upward and downward, which may not be 
frayed by any oppofition, the famie is apparent in 
all the vegetables of the world. Rain and great 
:hick m-ifrs may keep from us the folar fhine, but 
nothing can ftay this breathing, becaufe it fbfikes 
diredly thorow, but if it proveth weak in iti 
tertiiity, it is the fault of the mild air > a (hot out 
of a gun, if it is to go a great way through the 
air, is cooled. This is the reafon why the folar 
beams have not that operation under ground, as 
they have above it, and hence al(b it is that the 
xetalline matter is not fo tertile, however they 


#4 Bafilius Valentinm hh lafi 

do what they can, defcend to the metal, where 
theyroLize a hre and preic.rvcthe fame. Thus 
the Sun-beams mult eliedl all in a magnificent 
and glorious manner, not only above to prefer ve 
with its luflre the lights oi all the rtars,but by day 
alfo to impart unto the world and men the day- 
light. By thefe beams it cafts into the earth a 
difperfed fire, which is advantageous to the pre- 
fervation of {iibterranean things i they thrult to- 
gether homogeneal things, and bring metals to a 
compadnels, that they may be had pure above 
ground, they relye and lean on them '-y from 
hence hath the rod its original. For at fome cer-. 
tain time you fee the Sun draw water (as the vul- 
gar fpeech isj fo the beams have that quality, they 
comfort metals by ftricking downward. There 
Is ufed a flricking rod, above at its twift is left a, 
part of the fiicK cf three thumbs length, at the 
off-cutting take out the pith,put fupcrfine Sol into 
the halation whichgoeth in,pulls the rod in, where 
the oar is. Thereafonof it is, becaufe the ne- 
ther breathing of the air is there, and goeth a- 
gainfr, draweth this breathing, carrieth it down, 
and the metal within the rod is pulPd down- 
ward, as it would joyn the (ame with the rell of 
that body. Thus the breathings and halations 
are copiilated > the beam muft conceive on the 
earth, in which it is to operate, it bnngeth no 
rain to the earth, but the vapours of the earth 
which rife,the lame make or caufe the rain,Ihovv, 
and hoar-frcft, bring the fame to the earth, ini^ 
Libing the lame therewith i the lame operatiort 
it hath on the fubtcrranean vapours, caufed by 
the breathing of the metals within '-, in their 
aiccnllon it makes them heavy, fo that they are 


Will and 7>.UweJt^t. 65 

able to fall unto Sol, helping the fame in its fertile 
work. Having accomphfhed its fertility of tht 
work, then fuch metalline rain fallalfoon the 
metal, maketh it ponderous, moveth its Ferch in 
the Liihrimm^ and drawcth the rod down alfo 
more vehemently than it doth to the ftrJking 
rod which toucheth not the mctah butmeerljr 
the breathing, which is not- yet nobilitated 
through or by halation. This breathing might 
very well be called a fruitful rain, which thus 
comfoxtcbly rcfrefheth them i it is notaruning 
rain, but only a breathing which by the deep glit- 
tering 5'^?/ is made noble. It knot fiifficiefitly 
expreired, when- ignorant fimple Miners ufuaiiy 
fay, that the Sun in her influences worketh gold 
not telling the manner ot it (as I mademenclon 
ot but now) themfelves may go yet to fchooi and 
learn their lelTon better. 

'- ~:.- luz'.. ^ ~~^ 

Of the Suferkr Kod. 

AS thePlanets have not their fixed and certain 
' Evolution in the lirmament , for ths which 
hey are called erratick tors, thelelFer remain in 
heir hxed ftacions : the metalline bodies are of- 
he ametjuahty ; for they do not ftick clofe unt6 
■odies, butiUeand fall: for that realon I com- 
pare them to tne various motions of the (tars', 
bove, their body is rolling and voluble, Icd^ 
nd tinged by the Fc-ch and Seed, which is 
K t!ie mol part of the Suns condition. Pla- 
nts with the Sim are of a (pcciai agreement 

't6 BiifiVm f^alentinHS his hH 

in motu &.lumim , and their body may be faid to 
bt Luhricum & volatile* 

...This Rod is appropriated unto planets which 
hang their bodies to the feeds as Jong as th^ great 
breathing of 5^/ holds ftill, and fuiiers hiinftlfto 
{)£ obfcuri^d, andhemuft fuffer in giving his lu- 
ftre to the Earth by rain, mill:, and ihow, fc long 
till he breaks thorow them. So the Bodies alio 
are corruptible in this upper fire, more than the 
lower in their work. Therefore fuch a rod muft 
be applied which I call an upper rod, that the op- 
pofite breathing of the refleding mettalline beams 
i^hich were received of the Sun, and ftrengthen- 
ed again may be returned from the bottome to 
thcSyflerii-, be it as high as it will, 
i . . This Firrco or Rod, ' is a twifted tender branch 
ofa Hazel, which from that twii] on the bulk is 
hollow three hngers length, for its pith mult be 
out of it, and the mercury of metals muA be put 
in, tlie weight of three barley corns or grains : 
this Rod fiirreth the halation iwm below up- 
w^ard, this is the condition of this Rod, whereby 
is known that that metal is of an intirm bodyL 
wanting the influence of upper planets, being de- ,r, 
tectiveof theSolax licat, and not of that beJQW, 
and is the caufe why Merc uric s^luhricum in tlie 
iK)d is ftirred, making it rebound i mtimating^j^ 
that it is unht for his work, and that another, bo^ ^j^ 
dy is fitter. The planets with their intluenco 
work more on impcrftdt metals, than on per-i 
tcd'.Qne' • For the Sun doth not put a garment on 
n|,4]tCLuy ofthebody, bat a certain confiellation 
doth it, the refi )oyning in the work, and are 
found next to it, except Sol and Lma^ thefe m.ed- 
oile not with this Rod. Though thefe alfo arc 



W til am Teftamej2t. 6y 

planets,and belong to a perfect: breathing, and have 
their particular rod, as ethers ^ave theirs, which 
prefs toward their feveral work, they are fitted 
for not aiming at the works matter, which mak- 
cth its principle as the mercury of metals. 

There muli be had a fnfficicnt infirudion for 
to know it. It is thus , a metal is known before 
it caiis any cruft, and how deep the oar lieth, and 
how it may be wrought upon. If I would knovy^ 
vvhether there be a f iafficiency in that oar , the 
famellearn by the leap of this Rod i if it be «t 
Saturnal oar, the Rod leapcth the Jiiore , more 
than the condition of the body^ of Saturn is. 
For this Rod doth not (lir the body,but that which 
is the moftin that body, namely, the mercury of 
the body '-, for it yields good iWe of it, and may 
3Ut on caiily another garment, and be a^mercury 
Df metals, and fo forth. 

If in that place be Tin and Wifmuth, the rod 
ipplied leapeth not fo quick, but more ilowly 
han it doth where Saturn is i, where a Copper or 
ronoar is, there that rod moveth more ilowly 
'et : But this mull: be obferved, that there is no 
wreathing about metals , unlcfs they be under 
;round •, for vvhcn they ai'e there, then are they 
.1 their works, whether they be increafing or de- 
reaiing, they cannot be without breathing then.' 
hus much of thefc rods. 


^8 V^^llius Falentinus his la':i 


Of rifling vapours J or of their ft dirmnts. 

Mine-works meet with many natural obftru- 
dions, as all other worldly things are fub- 
jecft unto. For aJJ things fublunary are in fub- 
jedlionunto corruptiblenefs , the fame happtneth 
alfo unto metals ^ they llif^er by their cold and hot 
fires, that they quite evaporate and expire. A5 
when their vapours and fumes grow ponde- 
rous , cannot vapour away upward : where 
fuch vapours are , Miners cannot brook under 

In a cellar, where new wine , or new beai 
is on working, thaf vapour (liffers no' candle tc 
burn, by realon of the ponderous it/? •, or fume 
which cannot fo foon enter the ground , unlei: 
theie fumes be extenuated in their ponderofity 
' This fain matter lieth on clo{e,is like warm meal," 
callic Caries^ which diliersfrom ^inOftiocolhtm^^o 
that is in the rocks naturally, and dilfolves at lai 
into a tiie. This doth not fo, and keeps ftill 
dry powder , and is heavier then mine-aflics 
which are light, and dilTolve into (alts, which th 
metal doth not, but abideth a ccnftant fedlmLm 
which is like an unwholcfome fiinking vapour 
choakin^thc oars,turning them intoarottennei 
b-iingobitrudtcd in their driving above and b 

TuLfc fumes are cauf.d , v»-hcn there are hai 
rocks to V, hich tire mult be applyed, which ca^ 
ii^thill fumes, which being we^r^ened in its riiin 
f^i owraiaa placs, grow ponderous, and i; 


will and T^flamfnt. 69 

creaCes for evil andpoifonous things will foon 
gather to an heap. It is fecn in gold,, being dif- 
iblved into water, let it Itand a while, and the im- 
pure minerals feparate from the elTence of gold , 
and fettle to the bottomc. Excrements ot metal 
are foon brought to that pofture •, for being 
brought to a glowing by a (inall heat, they calt 
. fuch a malignant fun le, which choak men imme- 


Of IVeathcr-falt^ halitus mclufus. 

THe malignant breathing , as it is generally fo • 
called, is a peftilent fait, which mdangereth 
not onely the Miners, but hurts the oars alfo : for 
it allayeth or maketh the breathings fall , which 
are in the oar, being thereby -obffrudcd in their 
natural working. Tlie manner of the fettling of 
thefe breathings are^vvorthy tol)e noted. It may 
be compared unto an Eclipfe, though the beams 
wliich afccndcth keepeth its cQurfe,yet the breath- 
ing ft^yeth it, and will not let it go about that 
place 5 being in that ftay and condition , its Ferch 
and feed parteth j at laft , through its fides or 
walls It fulFcrs iluid oars to come in*, thence is 
the original of fuch fluid oars, of which there are 
fevcral forts. But this is to be noted *, That wea- 
ther is calbd a weather, becaufe it is not of (uch 
clear air, as it is above ground with us, iiill car- 
rieth fomething with it, which is grolTcr and 
hurtful unto man more than the air above with 
us : for rnen arc not comiaiandcd to dwdl aud live 


7o Bafilhi Vdentin'U his lall 

iiiidcr-grounds but if any ones imployment lieth 
that way, he muft be contented to do (b, commit 
his condition to God Almighty '■> becaufe he muft 
indurc, and fuck in ill fumes, and get Mine dif- 

• Thisfubtcrranean air growing ponderous, by 
Teafon of the fume and water-ttone, which ftop 
arid corrupt the crofTe parage, then it is called a 
Weather-lalt : this is apparent when a burning 
«andlc is brought in, thefc ponderous fumes do 
quench it like water, at laft, they choak the men 
alfo. Therefore when that is feen and felt, let 
Miners come out again, for they can do no good 


Of Cos mctallicuSj orftonc-fak* 

THe air, being of one piece of pure earth, at 
laii turncth to a flone. There are Several 
forts of Stones, as there are fcvcral bodies in the 
earth, though all of them are but an earth. The 
longer the matter lieth, the harder and fatter it 
will be. Such ftones cannot be ftirr'd er heav'd 
unlcfs by fire, which fcizeth on the earth , tnd 
confumcs it, and turns it to a terrene firmament, 
as fcales are in filhcs, and bones in beafts. Thefe 
tlfo the Lord will have in his good time with fere. 
This moved the Ancients to confume their ctr- 
cafes with fire j though flefh foon comes to rot- 
tennefs under ground, yet the bones do not con- 
fume fo foon, the fire confumcs them being turned 
to sarth-afhej. 


Will and Teftament: T-^ 

^•: Tills fait is hurtful unto metals, takkig from 
them their working, without it they cannot con- 
tinue in their hfe, but muft expire and die , b'e- 
■ca»fc nothing can penetrate it. The difference 
betwixt thcftone-filtand the ftone-meal is this: 
thefalthcavethitfelf, when the frone growethtp 
ahardncfs, which formerly hath been a precious 
ftonc, and the air could penetrate ic. but now it 
begins to turn into an horn-ftonc, when this me4l 
comes to the height of its as^e, it turneth to a 

Here is it rtquifite to relate the difference be- 
twixt the nether and upper ftone, which partly is 
obftrudivc, and partly a furtherance to the Mine- 
work •, thev may increafc under ground, but in 
the after-work no fronfi is good, becaufc they have 
no nutriment, aud therefore rau 11: per i(h and be fa- 
milhcd for want of food. 

V' c--^ ■ ^ . .:Ul.:Jr. " ; 


Of the Subterranean Fools* 

THerc is a moft heavy cafe which befalls clefts, 
paflagcs, and ftrudurcs, called watcr.pools 
under-ground. For it is a truth undeniable, that 
clefts and paffagcs under ground have their wa- 
ters, both the day-wat€r and the night water, if 
once opened, then are they made paflablc, which 
prove the utter ruin of Mine -works. Therefore 
my counfci is, not to make paffages navigable to 
•Gome to the oars. ]t is jull: as if one would dig 
a mans heart out of his body, and he would begin 
to dig at the pulfe,and fo a long all the way to the 
t 4 heart. 

72 Bafilius J^'^altntinm his lajl 

hcart,WGuld it not be an horrid butchery *, There 
is a nearer path to the wcI', what ueeds to make 
far fetches about. There is a twofold water un- 
der ground j the day-water , and the ground- 
water, the day-warer is not hurtful unto the 
ftrudturcs, but rather helpful, foaking away ma- 
ny things, and takes away many times from the 
fbges the ground-water. Let the ground- water 
be kept out as much as polfible may be, for it 
doth hurt, if it cannot palTe away, neither let it 
fpring from below out of its CatharaSs^ Keep 
out the fire alfo , for both are hurtful to metals, 
and to all things in the world , it they play the 


Of Aurum metallicum i of the metalltne gold^ or 
of the metalline bed- 

^ • Here is another fathefs under ground, wher« 
f. m^'tial? grow, neither is it the hull of the 
iced, rjor theftone Oleum Petroleum ox Naphta^ 
but it is like unto zxiVredo or Mine-foap. Itdilfers 
much from foap \ foap doth not burn, becaufe it 
containeth a hidden fulphur, not a combuiiible 
one, but an incombu/tible en i this is the reafon 
why it doth not burn in a flame , neither doth it 
feize on any other thing, but only on the pure me- 
tal, if that fhould not continue with it, the metal 
could not come neither into afceniion nor defcenr 
lion, it coufumcth hrlt of all in the metal, even 
as greafe doth in the Animals. This fatn/'f^ is not 
fir from the ear h when it is predominant it con- 
fume th 

Will and Te^amenin 7 ? 

iluTieth the metal quite, and evaporatetli. Oi! 
is uf that vertue ifpu/on the top of a drink, 
be it what it will, it keeps in its firength and 
coolnefs -> this fatnefs (huts up the oars body that 
no breathing; can pafs. Fatnefs hath a great 
affinity with iron, and is one of its next kindj 
of the which great volumes could be writ- 

In the County of Schrpartzhurg^ at Wackers^ 
^(?r^, there is ftore of fuch fatnefs , looks like 
quick-filver and fwimeth and tind:ureth red, like 
Bole, fhis colour it took hold on, and it may be 
extracted from it,fome call it a mercurial body or 
aTin-glafs,lead-glafs, Wifmuth, or Antimony » 
it fcizeth on all thofe, and when this fatnefs doth 
not turn to a fatnefs of fuch metals, where the 
feed is predominant , then it turns to a volatility, 
and to a great Robber. This fatnefs is a greafic 
earth, glittering like afalves of b red and brown 
glowing, as if it were Quick-filver or beaten 
7j//^, orglafs ftrowed into. In the Rocks of 
Bohtmie and 'tranfylvimia. there is great ftorc of 
it at Goflar^ and at Scalkenn^ard^ even as quick- 
filvcr or lead-oars are > many qf them arc found 
here and there. 


Of Mttalllnc fir earns. 

\J\] Hpn Ytrch and Seed muft part from their 

V V work by reafon of the fediments,be they 

what they will, and expire not naturaJlv, then the 

pars turn to floneS; w-hich Mincis c^WY luxes 


74 Bafilius VaUntinm hh la^ 

though they know not from whence they comf, 
nothing can be raade out of them, they are fufi- 
ble or fluid, when melted in fire, but nothing 
can be brought into them, becaufe they are not 
porous, or no air can get into, which maketh them 
more noble. It is Grange in Nature if any good 
thing be driven out of the body, it will not re- 
turn thither ^ for if life be gone from man, the 
body receiveth it no more j but thefe are things 
poflible to God alone. My intent is not here to 
write of miraculous things, but onely of things 
natural , 1 wave the former. It is to b? admi-- 
red that the body of dead metals is fo fair, where- 
as other bodies which are dead confumc away to 
nothing : metals aUb come into a corruption, buti 
in a long time their death is like any glaf, keeps 
its colour,e (pecially if it was oPa Marcafite^ hence 
are learned the colours of Marcafites , for green , 
blue^ white fluxes are found therein, as metalhn^ 
flowers have been, which are generated of three 


0/ Greta, Chalk^or Stone-meal. 

WE fee in this our air, that no fume or 
wind afcendeth in vain, it dilTolveth a- 
gaia mto one thing or other, thither refort many 
meteors , the like meteors hath the earth under 
ground : For the fume which afcendeth from the 
fire halation of the oar, or of the metal, and-af- 
fords the ftone-meal (Cre/^J wherever it falls or 
lighteth, it grindeth more, and incrcaferh abun- 

will and Tejlament. 7 5 

lantly having a dangerous fait, whereby it hurts 
hofe places where metals are , Gfpccially when 
hey are in their afceniion , hindering their co- 
our. It is apparent in the flat at Mansfield ^ 
-vhere it lieth betwixt the fpoaks of the oars, and 
;an hardly be got from thence, it robbcth and 
lonCumcth Folium ^nd Spolium : Theftone-meal 
tiaktth a Kujf with ftonc-marrow , turning it to 
I kind of marble, called the Fetfione^ or DohUt^ a 
iouble ftonc, and is dark and very iirm, it ftriketh 
ire, being for the moft part of fire. 

Hither belongs the 7W/i;/,but intending to make 
mention of them in another place, I wave them 
lere : however they alfo are fuch a meal, and 
iiifer from others herein , becaufe it inclineth 
nore to a cold hre, wherein it meltcth like fnow^ 
as the others do, and dilTolveth fooner into water 
;han into meal, and this turns fooner to meal than 
into water 5 if it be of Icfs matter than it hath of 
the ftonc marrow, than it afforils a fair ice or 
:ryftal, called VttrHm Akxandrinnm^ or Mary's 
[ce, which cannot be maftere«l in bot Hres, but it 
meltcth in cold fires, is very hurtful unto metals '-, 
infomuch, that by reafon of it Mine-works fall tp 
ruin, as it happened at Stolherg. 


P OfSpiro, oroftkehl4. 

1'Hc Sf>iro^ orBlafl is an Infirument which 
bringeth to right the weather or ohihuded 
aire, otherwife all would turn to ilone.where it is, 
and would be at a frand there , if tliC lower iirc 

7 6 Bafilm P^alenti^us his laft 

(hoLild enter inftcad of the air, and cxiccateth, 
though it doth not kindle, if a piece be beaten oif 
of it, then it appeareth fo, and thb piece which- 
flieththus afide giveth to it mak- 
ctb the ftone, and how nature frameth the oar 
and metal : but jewels and precious itones are 
from another oft-fpring out of fvveet waters* 

In this inftrument their dwell together fire and 
air, which take their power and matter from the 
malignant weather, where they confame all pon- 
derous matters through fire, inhghtcning the re- 
maining matter it hath. Make that Spiro or 
Blal^ into a ball of copper, and an heads bigncfs, 
foder it bright and light, let no air get into it, 
leaveafmallhole, where a needle may enter, at- 
trading the water, which purpofely muft be made 
and fet for it : there muft be had a pan of coals at 
hand,which muft be kindled, and the ball laid in- 
to it, turning the little hole toward the coal-fire, 
and it will blow the fire forcibly ^ which being 
done, it groweth hot, and maketh the water boil 
m the ball, which fumeth and carrieth it forth 
with a great fierceneis, blowing on the coals 
{irongly,and thus it maintaineth the fire by breath 
ing ftrongly in the manner of a pair of bello wes , 
driven from without : hereby feveral good things 
are efleded, and, the condition of this ball is,that 
it (hcweth what may be done above ground with 
the like, no ufc can be made of it behind that 
place, becaufc nature her felf hath fuch a bhi\ 
tor her fire . 


will and Te^amtnt. 77 


O/Pulfa, nr of the Breakjbtff-, or brittle matter^ 

THis fait is ingcndrcd ufually by malignan 
fume, which the mine-fire ihould have s Anc 
when the ftones be very hard, then there muft U 
made a Hre of wood^ where the fume draweth 
to the lione-fire, and groweth thkk, and if the 
fumts of SHccinim^znd of other things are joyn- 
ed, it tiirneth then to (Uch poifon, that the oar 
muft be aided^elfe it perifheth, for that fume lieth 
on the oar fuliginous Kcholt which corrode and 
confume the oar y there a ball muft be applied, 
which is round and hollow, having a hole at a 
bignels at which a q iJ may enter, it muft be Co 
clofe, that mo air may either enter or get out,this 
ball muft be filled with gun-powder, cover the 
fame v/ith cot ten-wool boiled in falt-pcter, then 
dip it in melted pitch, which i^ mixed with fome 
Sulphur, kindle that ball, let it go down in a box, 
or tiing it on a Stolln or Chamber, when the ball 
flieth a funder, it expelleth that fume, not only by 
that fmoke, but with the blow or report the gun- 
powder makes, Such a ball may be applied alfo 
to water, and be funk in an inftrument under wa- 
ter, in vvhich noifome hfties are feared , its crack 
will kill the fifties that arc there j there is a pafts 
which giveth no rcport,but onely burneth,and de- 
ftroyeth , and heaveth this fait i but have a care 
what pafte you make ufe of, and have a refpecl to 
the upper-Scaffolds, whether they be old or new, 
that they be not imbeiled, and your pafte rr.uA be 
ipixcd, fo that it may do no hurt. 


7 5 Balilius ralentmus his laji 


Of Clathrum, oToftheBlank:fire> 

THis fire needs nothing for its food, (hmeth in 
darkncfs, is a fpecial fire for Mine works, 
quittcth the charges^ if applyed , more than the 
expenccs do , beiiowed upon Talk or Bromith 
work -i For oil in fome places may be had cheap 
enough, calls no fmoak, deliroyeth fumes : it is 
put into a glals ball, which is put into a basket, to 
keep it fafe from water a-nd fand, which affords a 
light to the work-men. Miners ought to know 
how to enter their ground for the hight or me- 
talline Specuhm^ which is a fmgular manual , for 
the metalline breathings, and atter-halations joyn 
and come together, require fpecial inftruments 
whereby they may be known 5 for where theie 
•lojoyn, and the diurnal breathing is^ predomi- 
m^it, then it exhaleth by day, (hineth outofthe 
tarth ^ Miners call this a Metalline breathing : 
true it is fo, but they leave out fomething, foitis 
hut half a breathing •-> if the after-breathing is 
predominant, thenitappearethby thdit Sfecnlum 
and light wherein it maketh it felt known. She 
is in work with fomething, and there is at hand 
Tuch a metal , metals do ihine, though it doth 
Mot appear fo to our eyes , like as rotten wood 
c^oth : by day they arc not quiet, as long they arc 
working , but there muft be reflexion of their 
work, ^\hich is this light. It calkth no beams 
as the day-light or rotten-wood doth, by night it 
rccciveth one from fuch a dark or duskilh ihadow- 
cd li^lu. 

Will and Tejiament^ 79 

Fair and carioiis breathings are (een therein, 
■^nd that light of darknefs is a light you may fe 
by it, he that is diftant from it five or fix yards 
-feethitnot, norcanrtthou neither, foritisfuch 
a light, as is in the eyes of Cats, Dogs, and Wolves, 
which can fpie thee, though thou canfi: not fee 
them, for there is a light at night as wdl as by 
day, which is apparent in thcfe bodies , which re- 
ceive their light from this Nodurnal night, for if 
that power were in themfe Ives they would eja- 
culate beams, which they do not, and experience 
evincethit, that there is a fubterranean ignis jdif" 
pet/J^;, a fcattered Hre. 

This light is twofold, the firli lighteth, being 
thus prepared in a ball of fome fithes or worms > 
ofjuiceso£ herbs, and faps of wood, being di- 
ililled, and the d-iftilled vvater behig put into it. 
Take a pure Cryftallmc glafs, it calls a curious 
light under gruond, if mercurial water be put in- 
to itv -it graduateth the waters made of worms 
and of woods very highly in this darknefs, which 
is called the light, it may be done and ufed alfo 
by day, but much better in fubterranean darknefs , 
in which th e hre lyeth hid, and muft be routed 
an4aw4kcned by fuch material and inftrumental 

The fecond light is Speculum^ which jcceiveth 
that light, and giveth an intimation of fuch hot 
or cold iires, which not every Clown or Miner 
i-mderftands : for as it (hineth in the SpcHlum-^ fo 
kindltth this hre, and is the oar. In mans body 
they are difcerned well enough, from whence the 
difeafes have their feveral names, but are not 
fearchedinto. The difference' bstwixt the ball 
and the Spcculvm istheiame with that which L 

5^ o eafUius Kalenttnus fjislajt 

above ground, I can view all the members of my 
body, but not my face, I can behold the light, but 
what the Sun of this light is, which miniftreth 
the luftre unto it, the fame I cannot behold or dif^ 


of the Gluten or Mine-glue* 

THe bed: help a»d remedy, which may be ap- 
plied to fubterranean pools, are wells : tor 
where thcfe break forth, they carry that water 
away : a betterand nearer is not than the Gluten, 
to dam up or keep out the day water , that they 
do not run any farther i» this damning hath great 
utility h it maKeth the water not only llimy and 
rough, but drivcth it backward, that it be fer- 
Ycd for fomc other ilTue, and be rid of it in that 
place, where it is naught , and mcerly obftrur 

If the day- water be thus flopped by a Gluten , 
that it cannot run and gather at the link, then 
that giound-water may foon be drawn away at 
the Unk , the deeper the links are cleanftd, the 
morethefe ground-waters or {prings arc divert- 
ed , and at lafl are turned alfo to day-waters , or 
may be damned up, and made run another way 
where they may not be obllru(^ive to the fcatloldr,^ 
and where drivings of mils are ntt had at the 
lume places, the Gluten may be ufcd , tl:ien the 
Scaffolds and Strudurcs in tlT<^ paifages, clefts, and 
Mines may be fecn, the dams an] Gluten are the 
belt helps hereunto. 


WiUanclTe^amnt. Sr 


Of T R U T A, or of a Pajl for to corrode the ftom 
through J or through eating* 

1'Here is almofl nothing which is a greater 
hinderance unto Mine-wotks, than waucr is, 
and where the Gluten is not fufficient to Keep it 
out, and in places where it is (liut in, and muii be 
drawn away with lower buildings, as with Stoln-, 
or beams and pipes: it is an huge and dangerous 
workjtomake thefe thorow-breathings good and 
holding : it cofteth many mens lives, and great 
expences mull be made, therefore ways and means 
muft be thought upon to make ways through with 
burning, to make f iich a hre v/hich corrodeth the 
rock, and grinds the ftone, eating it Itnall and- 
thin, that the water may get thorow-, and run 
away, that the Miners may not lofe their lives 
in that water, as uDaliy it betalls them, .at fuch 
works. This fire corrodeth great ftones in run- 
ning waters or rivLi? !> it is a corroding fire, a 
Gjute-H being made, which is lined or covered 
with combulcibles, poured or caft down through 
a channel or pipe, guard'ed from water, that Glu- 
ten may be eftectual, though it be und^r water 
.iiany fathoms deep, it Hill corrodeth further, ga- 
rhering ftrength by that, it cateth upon and burn- 
nh, and prei'ieth itiil lower, it doth not i!iioak,be- 
ing a running corrofive fire. 

There are fome laps and gums, which if boil- 
ed to a hardneis, and mingled with unilaked lime, 
iindle and burn (o ftrongly, that they corrode the 
rock, make an hole into^ as big and as deep as 

G you 

8i BajUtus Falenttnus hu lA\i 

yoQ will have it, To that the water muft fink a- 
way, there mull: be fct a pipe of wood or of other 
materials, as deep as the water rofe, and mult be 
fet and funk to the very bottome , and of this 
Gluten, Palt or ftuff muft be put into, let the hole 
of the Pipe be clofcd with pitch, to keep out. the 
water, make fmall bullets of this Paft, kindle 
them, it eatcth down even out at the StoU^ or 
beams erd, the bignefs of the hole mufl be accord- 
ing to the Pipes mouth below, which muft be 
equally wide with that above, when the Pipe is 
cleared, and way made for the water to run out 
at the hole, then all that water-pool under -ground 
will fink away, and clear the chambers below. 
This is a curious skill for to break through rocks, , 
if well contrived and well ordered with exa(^ 


Of f/^eTraha, or heaving materials pffcdin^e^d of 
a dray or flead* 

IT is known, that breathing, and halation, and 
the weather uphold all both artificial and natu- 
ral things : it is apparent in great Edihccs, that 
the things cxpofcd to weather cannot hold, if nei- 
ther water nor wind tied , the great reparations 
in fuch llrudlarcs fignihe fo much. 

There is a place in Zips cr Scpufatm^ called the 
T^ohcfchar::^ where firm iteel afcendeth by day, and 
in that place there is no Mine of fieel, no inftru- 
m.nt can get any fcale from it, but lying in the 
weather one winter and fum.mer, it gets a fcale of 
two fingers thick. Thus it is apparent, that the 


. weather heaveth alfo a ftoU:, or the great beam or 
metalline bodyjwhy (hould it not lift and heave a 
ftonc. This appeareth further at the falling 
down of great fnow-balls from Mountains about 
Saltzhurg^ and in Styria^ where great pieces of 
rocks fall down with fuch fnow-balls, as big as an 
houfe is, which heat and cold hath thus corroded 
and loofened. Hmnihal making the Alps pafla- 
ble for his army, poured warmed vinegar on the 
Rocks, whereby he made them fo brittle, that 
they foon could b^ wrought thorow s oil doth 
the like, if well prepared. Acetunt's made of 
vegetables cf wine, beer, fruits, are pretious for 
fuch purpofe. Cilhrn waters may be turned into 
Acetunis^ if coded with honey, being made warm 
firlt 5 this dri veth the hre back, which is in Itones, 
for there arc commonlyHor;^-/^^//^/ and Fire-jiones^ 
which are made brittle by fuch means. There is 
made a Petroleum alfo, i"o that you need no fallet- 
oil,nor any other •, no, nor Naphta neither, drawn 
from Ofieinmarl^^ or calcined flints, fuch water- 
aceturri's being poured upon, and other frighing 
waters, whereby the hardeit flints are terrified and 
made brittle. It ftands upon'/natural reafon, that 
fuch ftones muil: be dealt withal in this manner ,' 
For behold the GlHten and Aquafort, of what ef- 
hcacy thefe are ? Doth it not corrode the Pumice- 
Hone like Bees-wax, and the Tcp-ftone like a mare 
ble of divers colours. Confider well the whit- 
marble, and the Aiding fand, in which the Pumice, 
is, you will had what manner of Lixivium's may 
be boiled from them. 


d4 tsAjuim f^aiemmtts ms laji 


Of the froji in Minc-rvork^. 

THe greatefl: troubles that Miners are put unto 
is to pull and draw up the filths and ftones 
that are naught,out of the Mine-works, that a way 
be made to come deeper in. Above ground they 
call it an help of rubbifli. It cofteth no great 
matter to cleanie, difTolve^and void thefe rubbifhes 
with corrofivc watery it cofteth little, if rightly 
mianaged and handled, to diifolve firft the lighteli 
things, thcfe being made riddance of, the reft may 
cafily be voided. That earth under ground muft 
not be lock'd upon, as that is above with us,adorn- 
ed with grafs, for under ground thereisleaftof 
the earth, there is a mixture of all manner of 
things, as falts, juyces, minerals, ftones, the leaft 
part is earth, and yet that part is the nobleft, for 
but of it are made all manner ct metalline bo- 
dies : There are (harper things, all of which mult 
not be ufed at once i and muft be cifedfed with 
thefe, when that which is above cannot be ap- 
plied to that which is beneath : juyces alio are 
calie in their ufcs tor to corrode and make brittle. 
Sulphur alone pcrformeth the work, which is a 
poifon unto juyces andfaps. Miners and fuch 
that are imployed about luch works huiIl have 
knowledge of fuch things,and exercife thcmlelves 
herein by way of practice : for all particulars be- 
longing to thele manuals cannot be fet down up- 
on white and black : experimental knowledge 
muft be joyned hereunto, not only a depending 
trem things written. 



IVdl ni^d Tejtament. c 5 


Of the flaming fire* 

WHereas there is occafioii for great and 
imall tires in Mine-works, v/hichmuft 
be learned and applied according to the feveral 
forts of metals, and not after the manner of 
their (tveral meltings and finings, and the con- 
dition of fach nccelTary tires mult be known alfo. 
To iht down thefe in their particulars would re- 
quire great pains, and the writing thereof would 
rife to a great volume : it is the duty of under- 
ftanding Melters and Finers to order and regulate 
themfelves in their fires, according as each metal- 
line condition rcqulreth, to further and not to hin- 
der their work j and fo I commit thefe to their 
further and ferious thoughts, and to take thefe 
things into a fuller conlideration. 


Of Ignis torrens, or of the roafting fire. 

I^Hings inclining to afhes, and foot, and ex- 
crements of metals, and the exuvmms or 
mils of bodies Melters fuppofe may be taken and 
gotten off fafely in a roafting or calcining hre,they 
nakea great tire of wood under thcm,roaft,or 
:alcinc the metal, that as they fuppofe they retain 
lothing thereof, or of fuch oftals you lieard of 
low, they yield their exuviim^ and copper yields 
:inders and llacks j but if frightened, then it 
I G 3 rub- 

S6 Eajilm yalentinus hh h^ 

rubbethand confumeth iron ? therefore nealing is 
more commendable, as they do at Mansfield^ a 
great heap of oar is laid together, which they 
kindle, let it ftand in a gentle glowing heat, and 
burn away that which fhould come oif m that 
glowing. Metals in Srpcdland are healed thus at 
the heat of the Sun in Summer, there it runs iinely 
together, and purgeth it felf fo neatly, infomuch 
that it would be refined, if it ftaid its time in that 
heat. This nealing I do better approve of than 
of the calcining in a fire flame. There is a two- 
fold glowing fire, and metals require a twofold 
glowing or nealing : one fort of it is ufed at 
Mansfield^ they kindle with bundles of frraw the 
heaps of flats, let them glow of their own accord, 
•and they do it like an heap of coals, and the o:tr is 
nealed, which is put in for that purpofe. Se- 
condly, nealing is good alfo for bodies of ftones, 
reducing them into calxcs , but thofe that made 
metalline calxes in an iticlofing heat, or glowing 
fire, they got only the calxes of the hodksexH- 
v'mms. Therefore neither themfelves, nor others 
have any caufe to marvel, if they do no good in 
that way. 


Of the corroding fire* 

THis fire ought to be kt among the coal fires, 
being of a confuming nature, and their cor- 
rofivencfs is m the cold fire, and it hath the fame 
qualities which the burning fire hath i it fliineth. 
and buineth , its burning is corroding, ;in that it 


Will and Tejiament. 87 

is better than the other, becau/e k doth not burn 
it to afhes, but brings the bodies to a duft or land, 
which would be toilfome, if by filings it fhould 
be brought to ftars : the next neighbour to this 
lire is the glowing fire, of the which I will give 
only an hint. 


Of Ignis candens, or of the glomng fire* 

THis fire is purpofely ordered upon metalline 
bodies, it condimeth them, being their mat-, 
ter is naturally inclined thereunto : This ^re is 
of great concernment, making their bodies very 
malleable, their exuvium's (by on the Float, and is 
the beft quality they have, that they put off in 
that glowing the thing which will be gone, and 
the good thereof remains. Things now allays 
are flighted , the world fuppofeth to have skill 
enough it wants no further knowledge, $l^ot ca- 
fita tot fcnfm h every one> thinks hisjwic beft, 
though fome have fcarce begun to know any of 
thefe things i which is the reafon why men are ihll 
kept to their rudeneis. Men may fuppofe, I mean 
by this corrofive water an Aquafort i it is no fuch 
matter : how many tuns of precious Aquafort is 
ufed in Vain at Gnjlar on the Hartz-, which would 
ferve for better ule, and the expences laid out tor 
wood mi^ht have been faved. 


88 EaJiUui^^alenU?mm$ hjl 


Of Ignis incubans, or of the Lamp-^re- 

"T His fire ferveth when metals are wrought 
■ 1 openly, and not luted in, than the metal doth 
not flie away in a dull, nor doth its bcft run away? 
for you heard that a flaming fire is hurtful, for to 
work metals withal. Lamp-difhes are common- 
ly of glafs, fet in an earthen pan, filled with afhes 
or (and, kept in a fweating, in that fweat many 
fuppofc the metal receiveth its body, or the one 
changethinto the other : I leave this tranfmuta- 
tion jn its worth , and cannot approve of it. 
Touching this warmth, I cannot difprove nor find 
fault with it, and all metals indeed fhould bedeak 
witnal in this manner. 

Thefetwo fires of oars and the Lamp-fire, if 
rtliey'were made idc ot in medicinal ways, woiald 
do better than tlie calcining or flaming fire can do, 
where'^hcfe are of no ule, and the long fire mull 
orderly be kept in ah equal heat, if any good (hall 
be doheV '^'' Some ^ kept the Lamp-fire in a Stove- 
furriace^; wber- all things were (poiled in the 
workings it was either too hot or too cold : it 
was. of ix:) equal heat, which the work in the end 
did (hew, .bc^aufe it was not well governed. 


will A?7dT eft :me/t, ^9 


Cft'hc cold f,r£' 

THis is a ftrange h're, little can be faid ot it to 
thofe which cannot conceive of it , whether 
it was not taken notice of, or whether ihcy did 
defpair of it I know not : this is it which elfe- 
whereis called coagulating', it cannot condime 
the other rire , it can melt the work, but to con- 
fume it is impofsible 5 it works in the air as well 
as in the Mre, where it (hewcth its efficacy, and is 
the fole proof of its fufiblenefs ;, metalline mer- 
cury is of a cold fuiion, all other fafions are hot \ 
if you believe it not, f.el it \ the hxation of the 
warm flux is called coagulation, there the one op- 
pofeth the other h the one congealeth, the other 
keeps in a liquidnefs : this difference mufr be 
known by thofe which are imployed about melt- 
ing of metals, and their fluxes. 

It is of concernment, to govern this Are well, 
Dr how ftones are to be weighed, and things that 
ire excefsively cold are a death to a t-^mpcred ho- 
ly :what animals do live either in too cold or too 
lot a hre, and to {peak precifely of life, it is im- 
)ofsiblc to do that, as tofpeak really of God.- 
herefore gaze not upon dehnitions, what humane 
eafon is able to conceive of: Philofophy is ftrang- 
y conditioned, and it appeareth by this fire alio, 
thing which is very cold,may contain a life how- 

when it is in its higheft degree of afcenflon, 
hen it comes down again,it turnf to riivcr,then to 

ropper s 

0O Eafiliut ^alentinm his Uft 

copper -y if the nether hot hre doth it not, then, 
furely the cold fire muft do it, for itdiiTolvech; 
again into its mercury, which is the flux of the 
cold fire, if it layeth hold on it, then it muft run 
to all bodies, in itsrunnilii^ it putsoff not only the 
netheriiToll but the uppermoltbody alio > take this? 
into further confideration. 


Of the warm fire* 

OF this I have fpoken' already > it can be made 
and governed leveral ways, coals, wood, 
pitch, oil, and other combuflible things are fit for 
it. There I would only fpeak of an heat, which 
is good for the flux of metals, whereby they are 
purged, as you heard above : needlefs to be repeat* 
ed here. . 

Thus much of this firfi: Part ^ where I infirm- 
ed about the nether work, or fore-work, govern- 
ed and obferved by nature, whereby (he holds 
forth unto us metals and minerals in their forms. 
9e thatconceiveth aright of this work and confi- 
dcrs it, worketh with advantage and utility, and 
is a great help to proceed fuccefstully in Alchymie, 
which imitateth and treateth into her fteps.I wi(I)i 
hearty fucceis to all fuch, which bear anaft<ftioij 
and 1 ove thereunto. 

Fraije, HonoHr^ and Glory he unto the Supream Af^- 

Jtcr of Mines, by tvhofc tvord and ppill all things 

are m^de^ ordained-, and brought to 

theif forms^ Am;^n. 

End of the fir ft Part;' 



6f the Lafl 


O F 

Basiiius Valentinus ^ 

Frier of the Order of 5;.Benedidus,. 

Wherein are repeated briefly feme principle 

Heads of the firft Part , what coiirfe 

Nature obfcrveth under groundg and how 

me ah are generated and produced to 

lighc; as Gold, Silver, Copper, 

Iron, Tin, Lead, Qijick- 

filvtr^ and Minerals. 

In like manner of precious Stones ^ and of 

linftures of Metals, how they are difcerned, 

and what relation tbey have to the 

Holy Sciiptures. 


Printed for Edward Brew^er^ at the Crme in 
Sc. P^hU ChuYch'^ardyJ$7o. 




O F 

Basiiius Valentinus^ 


Of Mines and CHfts^ and rvbat manner of middle 
and fecond ivorks are in oars* 

IN the iirft place there lieth a ncccisity upon 
every Miner, to know how to iearch and 
dive into metalline paiTagcs, how they flrike 
aIong,and thty muft be well acquainted with 
ill their occaiicns and conditions •, and if at any , 
)lace he intends to taW to work, he muft know 
low to ufe the Magnet of the Compafs, where 
Lail:, South, Weft, and North lieth, and learn the 
vays of this and that oar, and where their ifTuc 
J, and be well informed of the long and (horc 
:roaks of metalline palTages, where they draw 


5^4 Dajiuus f^ aiemmm ms laii 

together to a metalline form. The forms o' 
metaliiie oars are (everal , (bme carry Talk fiats 
an oar which containeth filver and le d ^ others 
are very brittle, having Ikcle of Slate and Tali^. 
and thefe are difceriied by their iirmnefs : there 
are other ftones in which appear Copper, and the 
flowers of Zrvitter: tliereare oti'.rs 5ifo which 
have flat float? and flate-ftone, in which is 
wrought Copper oar : hence it may be gathered, 
that by reafon of tm^it (everal forms, are produ- 
ced fevcral fruits , and in Mines toward the 
South better oars are found, then there are fome 
toward the Wefl called after-oars:, between which 
there is always ordered or placed a center of per- 


Of general operations of fiver al metals* 

ALmighty God for his eternal honour and glo^ 
ry hath held forth to mankind innumerable 
wondrous works, which he as the fole Mediator 
and Creator hath fct forth in natural things, the 
fame he hath (hewed alio in his omnipotency un- 
der ground, in metals and minerals, of them we 
may learn, as the twelve Sybils prophefied of the 
bright, true, and only Son of Rightcoufnels and 
Truth, in which do relt attcr tlic tweb e ports 
and gates of Heaven , and after the twelve 
months, nloveable and unmoveable, vifibleand 
inviiiblc bjdics, the ieven Arch-angels Handing 
before the Throne of God s after thefc the fevcii 
Planets, Sun, Moon, Mars, Jupiter, Ycnus, Mer- 



will and TejUment. 95 

cury,Saturn,aiidthereftof theftars,^ and thefe- 
vea irjetalline oars in their properties, as Gold, 
Silver, Copper, Iron, Tin, Lead, Mercury, then 
Vitriol, Antimony, Sulphur, Wifmuth, Koboh, or 
Brafs-oar, Allom , Salt, and other mineraj 


That the true center may be comprehended and 
conceived of, God iiath made thehrft ieparation 
according to his word: The Spirit of the Lord 
moved upon the water, the whole elemental bod y^ 
of the earth hath been v/ater-,. but the Spirit ot 
the Lord Zebjath hath divided it, and faihioned 
the earth from the muddincis of the water, and 
therein all metalime fruits that ever were created 
and generated under ground,. alUhefe were firii 
water, and may be reduced again unto water ^ 
all other creatures, b^ they animals, vegetables,mi- 
nerals, all thcfe are produced from the hrfi water, 
the feveral kinds of beails, hlhes, and (ea-mon- 
fters, after the Lords fpirit, and after the hxii: 
:ternal breathing EfTence, which brought forth 
mdftaped things tinged and untinged, ibtt and 
hard, (mall and great creatures ^ after the twelve 
'.rones in the brell-plate of A.zron* He created 
nan after his own image, the holy Spirit was in- 
fuied into Adnm^ who had a fulneis of eternal 
wifdome , and that according to the order of 
Mclchizcdec'^. Almighty God, who is the hrlf 
md laii, the hrft principle and end of all things, 
.:iath let his gifts into times and hours, days and 
years, which according to his eternal Decree have 
rheir revolutions j he hath blefr iu his molt holy 
Tieans Abraham^ Ifaac^ Jacobs haron^ Mdchizt-^ 
ieck^^ and others he hath inhnitely bleffed, ac-» 
:ording to his good will and plealure trom eter- 


9 4 Bafilm ^alentinus kis lajl 

nity, putteth feveral periods unto them , and in 
his unfcarchable decree and will he hath laid the 
foundations alfo for Minerals and Metals, a help 
for the (upporting men in their necefsitiesin this 
niifcrable life ^ thus h .t;:: he meliorated and ex- 
alted the earth in her goodnefs •, men have reafon 
to return hearty thanks unto the Creator for it. 

God in his gracious providence, next unto the 
knowledge of himfelf, and of his holy Word, 
can beftovv no better gift to man, t/aii to indue 
him with the true knovv^ledge of Met^is and Mi- 
nerals : Jews thought themfelvcs wile men here- 
in : but as little fbme Miners know Minerals and 
Metals, as httle knew the Jews their Mefsias and 
Gods word in its true fence. Therefore from 
that bleflcdand promifed Country the knowledge 
of pretious itones, minerals, and metals are come 
to us, as by an inheritance, as being the laft, and 
are become the hrft, and they the la(h but in the 
end Heavens gate will be opened unto them again, 
internal and external gifts and means will be h^~ 
ftovvcd on them, and the true u(e of metals will 
be none ut the mean ell. 

.where there are fertile ft ones, be they rocks, 
flnts, peeblis, marbles, in their central points is 
found what they arc ui their 'operations. The fe- 
veral gums and rehns, the one excelling the other 
Tu beauty, iraniparcncy, hardnefs, or liquidneis, 
are known and diicerned by their tragrancy and 
taft : ■ Miners ought to endeavour inceflantly, and 
in timplicity, hov»^ the neareli way may be chofen 
to find out the Mineral-palTages and veins, 
which God and Nati!r:ei:.ith laid direct courfes* 


will and TeflayKent. 9 7 


Of the fiones^roch^^ andflintsofGold^ its o^erat'mi^ 
condition-i and ftriking courfes* 

Gold is wrought in its proper rocks and mar- 
bles, and in the piuvil: matrix of the firm- 
eft earth , of a moft perfedt fait , and 
Mercury, purged from all feces^ and impure fpl- 
rits, with the conjundion of a natural highly 
claritied Heaven, of white, yellow, and red iv}- 
phurecus earth, after the liery nature of SoJ-y in 
a deep fixation V 1 infomuch that none ot al 
other metals hath an higher, compadcr, and 
more ponderous body of a goldifh matter , in 
which there is no humidity \ all the elements arc 
equally ni ic bound up, which in their unit}^ have 
wrought fuch a fixed body, tinged the fame 
rhroughout with an.everlaliing^ citrin colour, 
with the dcepeft tye and uniting of its pure earth, 
5ulphur and Mercury , and with its Vitriol ef- 
ence it doth all, what the Sun among the Star^ 
loth operate. Naturally, all is gold,what cleav- 
:th thereunto in and at all fides: and it is found 
n the bell: and clofeft ftones and pailages, and the 
DOwer of Sol worketh meerly upon that car, and 
n its quality is comparable unto SoU This noble 
^old lione and oar is fbmetimes mixed, -and on 
tsoutfide there fiicketh (ome oMcure and dark 
natter, having annexed to it ibme fiats and other 
permatick matter , which detradfs from the 
'jOodnefs of its own nature s and though the 
>eator hath indued it with great Vertues, yet 
loch it humble it felf, and iuffers it Iclf to be 

H found 

^8 BafUlurVahnt'tnus hU U^ 

found in defpicab'^Mineral-itones, where it lof- 
eth much ot" its tindure, as is apparent by the 
Touch-ftone, where the mixture of Copper, Sil- 
ver, Tin, and others is feen s all thefe mixed im- 
purities can be feparated from it with artiiicial 
Manuals, and with little ado .it may be brought 
into a perfed: ftate. Gold oars naturally arc 
wrought thus, that the gold ftands in it clcfe, 
compad, firm, and good, which is found fome- 
timcs in the crofs paiTagcs. Its iixedncfs is found 
in the deepncfs under-ground, where it hath its 
greatefl power, and it is found alfo fometimes 
m a fpeckled jaipis, full of ey^s, and mixed with 
flints in its palTages, where many times Vitriol 
flint is found abundantly^ which Vitriol is the 
beil among all other forts of Vitriols. The H;/;/- 
^^r/^./ Vitriol hath the precedence before all the 
reA, vAiizh is fLilEciently known in their proves 
and exemines, as may be dcmonftrated to the eye. 
In its paf(a.gcs are found fometimes fluxes of (e- 
veral colours, which are interclined with gold, 
and mull: be forced with fire. To that purpofc, 
it is rcquiiite that it be dealt withal with iiich 
iire, as you heard in the hrft part, comimonly 
Ztvittcrs and Zirn ftones are fiich, which mult be 
lumped and beaten, and drawn to a narrownefs, 
and hncd. 

Gold is wrought alfo in franding.pafTagcs, and 
on level ground, tlic oats and luch paliages are 
yellow ifn, rocky, and of an iron fhot-find in 
clifts is it oh-grown compactly, and generally it 
is found near Flint-v/orx4s, fometimes it is found 
in a flint, or in a liver-coloured jafpis, fometimes 
in white pc.bles, that gold which is in it is of a 
white colour, like filver, or in white-copper oari 


WiSandTellament. ^p 

where it fiicketh lioary and rugged : it is found 
alfb in brittle Limc-fiones, where it ftands curPd 
witli black {peeks unfprinkled, is granulated, like 
drops found in the fubtileft firm ftoncs, fpotted 
with iron moals or fpots, and are protruded in 
fair yellow flowers, and are a black exhalation 
thruil: out. It is found alfo in fireaked flat-works 
in pure paflagcfs, mixed with .a blew Horn-ftone 
and flat , in flinty glittering pallages it is found 
hoary and compad wrought. There are found 
alfo flat marble floats, wherein in all your clifts is 
wrought inherent gold, mixed with green grit, 
and iron fpots \ iometimes it is found alio in 
fquare iron fliots, or porous marble Marcafites , 
but for the moft part in grits> fonietlmes gold 
oar is found alfo compadl and firm in black paG- 
fages : fome gold oars and gold palTages are found 
alio to be of Minerals and of Vitriol, and Miners ^ 
in Htt'rigary efpecially can difcourfe of it, .becaufe 
gold oar is found in that manner in thole parts. 


Of fiher oar^ of its Minc^ operation^ cortdition-i 
arid ftriking f^Jfagcs* 

Cllvcr oar -is wrought in its own fione, of a 
perfect: nature and moil noble earth,- and of a 
fix clear Sulphur, Salt, and Mercury, which with 
fa mixture doth joyn in a fix and firm uniting, 
and appeareth of a degree lowtr than the gold is, 
and is the beft metal next to gold, and in the fin- 
ing of it it loofcth very little, and is feparatcd 
fer fe^ or with other metals joyncd in the fire, it^ 

H z natural 

loo Bajiliut Vmnlinu^ his U\t 

natural fitted ftone caufeth the filver oar, follow- 
ing its heavenly influence, and the nodrurnal in- 
fluences of the Moon. In Northern parts the 
moft filver pafTages are found ■•, for as Luna bor- 
rowcth her light trom 5^', even fo the Silver paf- 
fages and filver fioncs, have at their right fide 
Gold pafTages, and with that noble Qljeen L«- 
rarla is compared a root, whereby the Gold paf- 
fages acquire ftrength, and get the more power 
in that mixture, and get their oars from their 
roots. Ancient Philofophers wrote firangcly of 
Vertues, to be a fertile y oak-fellow of Sol^ which 
may be applied to the upper and nether metalline 
work, becaufe nothing is fo fix, next gold, than 
filver is in its parfedtion, and is the reafon why 
lilver-pafTages are accompanied with white fluxes 
and mineral veins, next thereunto are fiich paf- 
fages, in w^hich arc generated red Mineral-fulphur, 
and red yellow juices of the noble gold. 

Silver metalline oar is wrought many times in 
a red goldiflmeis, and cometh forth better than 
the other , a proof whereof may be had, if well 
ordered. White glod oar-is naturally thus ting- 
ed of white copper gkiis, which caufe fuchoars 
and palTages, by reafon of the food of their per- 
fedf Minerals, and with the glais oar black fumes 
arc exhaled, and feed upon Wifinuth, Lead, and 
Tin oar, whetein -Minerals that frrike near upon 
the Lunar palTages, are greedily refrefhed , thus 
growcth the finriLtt and compadelt filver oar of 
itspurc, proper, and unmixed Itone, meliorating 
the bad places and inltruments which filver oar 
hath many remariiable vertues next unto gold, 
from the heavenly influences, changing levcral 
Ibrts of lilver lloncs, difceding from the originals 
of their highefi iiuifiicd unity. They 


will and Teftament. I o i 

Tliey ^arry and produce alfo, not only mixeci 
chambers ^nd Mine chiils, but alfo feveral hard 
and fturdy mixed oars in whole Hint-works, and 
other copper-flowers, yellow and black oar, and 
are found different in their nature, form, and tin- 
cture, fo that the one is more hard, fturdy, llatty, 
broader, narrower, whiter, blewer, in its coleur 
thus qualihed and natural in its end, middle, and 
beginning. This is the reafon why thefe filver 
fruits and oars are found differing in their colours 
and forms, the one being more compad:, fairer, 
and of a better glafs, than the other. Sometimes 
there is found in fuch a vein or palTage firm and 
compad: gold, filver, and copper, fo it is found 
fometimes at Krenacb. 

There are found and feen alfo in a certain vein 
and pafiage in mixed Lime-ilones, lead, iron, and 
copper oar union and jundture. And in one Mine 
is found copper oar, in another is found filver 
oar, and in another Mine there is found an iron 
Hone ■-, why (liould not fuch remarkable diftindi- 
.ohs be taken notice of, which Nature from Gods 
imagination hath held forth fo glorioully unto 
Miners, and fet thefe before them to be difcern- 
ed by them. Some filver pailages are found alio 
in their natural Zachjioncs^ which either are in 
the hanging or lying ones. Silver palfages (hew 
themfqves alfo with blue gritty flowers, hollow- 
ed fluxes, in fprinkled Marbles, and carry flint- 
works of feveral colours, and thefe palfages and 
clifts are full of pleaiant filver colours, of yellow 
and green, of a colour of Gollings, the more 
they are mingled with fuch colours, the more 
they have wrought. 

There are fomc filver pafTages and veins, which 
H 3 carry 

102 BafilmV'dentlnmhU hjl 

carry three diftind colours after the manner of a 
rain-bow, where the one colour worketh in na- 
ture either more clofely, or more mildly than the 
other, in a curious order, and the one may be 
difcerned before the other in their pafeing ftroaks 
and (hootings, together with their Chamber-co- 
lours and floats, as they fell feverally and apart 
in each Mine-oar. 


Of Copfer oar^ of its jJone-y operation:, and 
jinking p-^ages* 

Copper oar is wrought in its own and proper 
ftone, of good pure fait and over-hot burn- 
ing Sulphur, through an heavenly imprefsion 
iiito all its parts, tinged red throughout, not 
quite freed from a fuperfluous humidity, in an af- 
finity with iron, becaufe copper and iron are nigh 
kin one to another, becaufe their dwellings and 
houlesarefet one by another, and is the reafbn 
why the one may eallly be tranfiiiuted into the 

Th*s metalline oar is much wrought in flat 
float-worKs, which are green flinty ', many times 
it app:areth in a red or brown form, and is (een 
aJfo like lime ftoue in black and yellow flat- 
works like unto coals in green flinty pafTages, in 
a twofold manner, either current, or in a manner 
cF a float : it is red and brown, mixed 
with a green colour, foirie are of a lazure colour, 
/orne ot a copper glafs, llinty and iron flrot,or of a 
white food.Tne copper mi in itspaiTageis lome- 


will and TejUment. i 05 

times rich ol: gold, and of filvcr, as it is accom- 
panied with curious Z.?c/? itones , and inclofed 
with pafTable ftones, if fp be that other metals 
and minerals do not intrench upon them, which 
corrode and confume them. And copper-oar is 
a ilat-work alfo, mixed with foliated earth, and 
the mercuric.] c'^pper is hardly brcuglit out of it 
at or in an ojcdiniiy melting, affords fiore oi iron, 
and unripe. copper-food, 'which rub very much 
the copper in roifting, aiici make it unmalleable : 
the richcit copper-oars are found in Hungary^ Bo- 
hem'u-> Sihfu^l'l.mnngia^ HaJJja^ and VoigtUndia '-> 
the like is fotind alfb about Trj///-Dz^//, where it 
breaketh every where in a manner of a float, 
mixed with fand oar, and where it breaketh ve- 
hemently in the flat work, they call that ilatof 
clifts, they are poor in filvcr, and fuch muftbe 
roafted or calcined, in fome places it breaks in a 
fair blue and brown colour, or it looks ruddy, of 
' a copper gbfs, and like unto green oaker, and 
fo metimes- it is white goldifh , whicli is called 
white copper oar: it groweth white at an effe- 
dtual mixture, becaufe at its uniting it aflumeth 
or takcth in much of (ilver and of lead : it 
breaks alfo of a yellowifli and lazure-like colour, 
green Hinted vppn floats and moving palTages, in 
lime and fpoiigeous ftones. It breaks alfo of a 
blue colour blew oaker, is copper, glaiTy, and flin- 
ty, iu great and huge rocky and marble paiTages, 
being m>ixed with a white marble : they are rich 
infilver, in green Hat ftones which arc clear and 
brittle , it lieth dry and green in clifts , open 
caves, and pafTages, like green frogs infprinkled 
one in another, in a firange manner, dlftind: or 
parted with Itrange pleafmt colours, wlijchgri- 

H X d-L:-t-d 

10 4. EafiJiti^.^^ale'rithms'nh h^ 

duated works are lofcrs in 'half their worth •, in 
thefe rocks arc ftrange clitts of Marble, andot 
white veins, yellow flint is infprinkled and mix- 
ed with copper paffagcs, which yield much fil- 
ver, have few flowers, are of a ponderous form, 
break very flinty, of a red glafs, of a green co- 
lour mixed with yellow flowers, thefe flints are 
joyned with white gold marble, of a green colour, 
belides the rocky pafTage. 

Tlxcrc is found alfo copper oar which is rich 
of lilvcr, flinty, and not white goldifli, is oi a 
white Ihining glafs, mighty in dry hollow flat- 
mines, fome whereof are mixed with iron, or 
forts of Wifmuth or tire-fl:ones. At the one 
hanging of fome pailages is wrought the Chryf)- 
coUa and copper oar j on the other hanging of 
the Mine is wrought pure flint, all according to 
the quality and condition of the oar. And it is 
to be oblervcd, feeing that copper oars are ufually 
mixed with Sulphur, eaiily unite with the nether 
metal, and joyn with their Hones, therefore green 
flinty copper oar which cany in the dry lead, flat- 
ty palTages, a black Molbcn are Mineralli(h,and are 
not rich in lilver, nor rich- in Jpccics^ encompalled 
with immature iron and parted: copper oar, and 
ibme are tree ot it, if far ieparated afunder, 
tromi dry mineral flats, arc richer in gold and 
lilvcr, according as the Itones take, in a good na- 
tured oar, they uiually intrench upon gold and 
lesd rocks, or antimoiiial oar, as alio upon iron 
and filvcr ftones. There are found alio flinty paf- 
iagrs, that have their Mineral juices of Vitriol, 
and Sulphur •, fome whereof partake of allom, & 
rJiiven flu no fan. 

T->.ic ci mmonly have the befl: and mofl cop- 

will and Tejlamnt. 105 

per pafTages, which are leait mingled with ether 
metals, as lime, and tartareous l1:ones, in which 
black floats and llats do break, are inclofed with 
green, and are of mild quality ^ at Eijlcben and 
Mansfield himcrs put their (evcral proper names 
to it very exadly , according unto their nature. 
Miners in Mifhh know kalt how to diftinguifli 
thefe, the upper part of clay-earth they call Ph- 
tredo^ in which the true earth is alio, and when 
they come to theilones, they call it the Vay-ivor}^^ 
becaufe they cover all the reit, and turn quite to 
{tone. The third place they come unto they call 
Night'work^^ becaufe it is eaiily lifted and heaved 
one after another, and is pure, then they come 
to the Cave- or Hok-r^or]^^ which muft be hollow- 
ed and fet, here are the flones which muft be 
broken, then they come unto the llat, and below 
that llat they come unto the fand oar, though 
fometimes it be cn-grow^n at the Lochiverg^ or 
hole-work above the llat, then they turn unto 
t'le dead earth again. Slat and richeit copper oar 
at the filver breai hing licth alfo on the rocky, 
lorn-ftony combuftible oars , which have their 
>old and iilver palTages of your (pecial kind, a- 
nong which there are found feveral formes how 
?ach of them is difcernable. In Hungary and 
Zarinthia the pafTagcs yield copper oars, w^iich 
opper is very malleable, and is at a dearer rate 
han any is in all Europe-, as their Minerals alfo, 
nd elpecially the Vitriol there is held to be the 
eft : as alfo their Antimony in counted the beiU 
Tnat Virriol hath the bcii: and rareti vertucs, 
/iiich is known to true Naturaliils, and txpcri- 
[Kc hath proved the fame to be true. I ipcak 
DiTiething liov/ , which if Kcafcn and Undcr- 

lo6 Bafilius yakntinus his lajl 

(landing were anfwcrabic, many expences, hard 
work , and good time could be laved , and it 
comes only from hence, bccaufe Gold breaks fo 
near to it, and at the (ame oars is found, where 
that earth is impregnated with goldiili Qcd^ and 
makeuieof the fame food in many fubtile unit- 
ings. Minerals in their generating qualities are 
better fupported among perfect metals, where 
they are higher and moreerfedual, and are beif 
ufed for both fuch perfed metals, in cafe Nature 
be rightly imitated, the ancient Philofophers have 
had experience of, and made 'trials of it. There 
is a remarkable ditference found among Minerals, 
and partly from copper oars j they are Minerals 
andMetals, each their particular nature and be- 
ing, among which ibme oars look green, and 
bleach at the day, and grow near other metals '■> 
but their ftones are molt like unto lead-ftones, 
fome whereof are groffer, fotter and harder than 
others, and fome are more obfcure, dark, mud- 
dy, and fome more green, and fo forth. 


Of Ifon-oar-i its Mine jOperatw!^ flockj-i float f^ 
and ^ajfjgcs* 

IRon-ftong and iron-oar is wrought in its Mine- 
ftone, according to the heavenly influence of 
Mirs ■-, For he is triniis magnus^ the great Lord ot 
war, and an initrument whereby others are for- 
ced and compelled^ of an hard, cdrthly , im- 
pure fulphur of putriried fait and grofs Mercury, 
w^hich three principal pieces in thdr jundure mix 


will and Te^ament. 107 

much cf earthlinefs, therefore is it a difficult la- 
bour to mollihe iron with or in the fire, carrying 
much of impurity by reafon of itsfulphur, and 
above other metals it hath a deep red quick ipirit, 
which if it be taken from Af^r/, then is the iron 
gone alio, leaveth again a putrid earthhneis. Iron 
s not eafily mixed or joyncd ^with other metals, 
3r united in the cafting. Iron hath a threefold 
partition, and feveral parts in its earthly oar, 
namely, a Magnet, a quick metalline oar, which 
lath its quality from quick Mercury, and muft 
aold communion affinity with iron,muft be quick- 
ned and renewed with iron filings, in which he 
ieth like an Hedge -hog, and isindued by the Sun 
f Nature with glorious gifts and Adamantine 
'crtues \ at one place and lide it attradeth, and 
t the other fide itrepelleth, which vertues may 
e augmented and increafed in it i it plainly ty- 
ifieth or demonftrateth (like unto the Sun in the 
eavens) the true hour in the body of the Com- 
afs, by water and by land. 

Secondly, fleel,the hardeli: and purefl mofl mal- 
able iron, of its proper light draining place, 
'herein it licth clofe, tied and knit together, in 
1 its parts moft compadedly, which in all iron- 
orks is ufually put to the edge and point. 

Thirdly, there comes the common iron-oar^ • 
•dered together by its earthly Sulphur, which 
ree miniftrcd good thoughts to the firii: expert 
laturalifts , that Maiier of Mine- works Itthal 
lin^ who made his three principles in all things, 
d made his dimenfions in the Mines in tliree 
(Unci: parts, in which fuch metalline oar, he 
und at Hrft the iron-llone wrought in feveral 
lys, namely, upon Itandiug pafTagcs and tioats, 



fallings and proper pieces tiiig'd, after the four 
Elements and colours of the Rain- bow. Then 
•he confidered exadly its flowers, according to 
the condition of each fione-work, how and out 
ot what the iron (rone may moft conveniently be 
melted, and what manner of .inllr.rments may 
be ulcd thereunto, where it may beii and mod 
firmly be wrought ^ for its oar affords a thne- 
fold (bciety and wildntG, which are ufcful, as 
namely GLfs-hcads^ which are like a flnrp bloodr 
flone, breaKing in the manner oF a skull, are 
fcaly, and brown ji^iffui^ fome whereof are w^hite 
thorns, like the wood upon which Abraham pur« 
pofed to ofler his fon Ifjzc. Secondly, the Brown 
iione, out of which is made glafs and iron co- 
lour. Thirdly-, granulate iron-tilings in the 
ioat-work, which is fo hard, that it can f arcely 
be forced to be gotten off, or be brought to right, 
and when the iron-ftone is come to its perfed:- 
iiefs, then it breaketh off by piece- meal through 
the Itone and rock, that there .arc found whole 
Mines of iron-ftone, Cuch is the iron oar in Sty- ''^■' 
ria* The beii: iron-ltone is black, or red brown, 
fometimes it inclineth to a yellownefsyibme is ot 
a cherry-brown in the floats and frocks, fome are 
black and fmall jf>ijjtc , fome yellowilli , which 
glittereth among the reft, like a copper ftone.ot a 
brown black marble, and of a fair glafs, fome 
looks like feparated float-work, throughout, the ^•■• 
whole Mine, fome is cloddy and hoary in clayifli j- 
fields, which only is called the Driving, is as the '"* 
fand-ltonc, molt hurtful unto gold, becaufe it at- 
fordcth moltot the ftacks, and very little of iron. 
Some fricks in the gray clay, which affords mo ft 
malleable iron, but is ct a browu-iili colour. Ther e 




WillA/>dTe[tdment, . 1 09 

breaks alfogood iron ftone in tartareous and limy 
Mines, and the mort running is on the (landing 
paflages, in crifty Tandy Valk^fhnef* The grois 
clift Itones break Ibme in their flats. It uiually- 
breaks alio in the fore and after Mine-works, 
where fome of it lieth off-wafhcd among the 
Roafts, like a brown ardn and on the day there 
is no oar fo common as the iron-flone, becaufe it 
aflluiieth and taketh in other oars, and fctteth it 
thorow, thus often it change th its colour and na- 
ture, after it there infues GUfs-heads^ Emafitefy 
brown (lone, Ofcmu^dy Bolus-, together with the 
redoaker and iron (hell, all thofeaiTume the Na- 
ture of iron,and the iron-ftone receiveth the high- 
cii metals, Gold, Silver,Copper,Tin,Lead, where- 
by it groweth untoward, but gold and (ilver are 
not hurtful unto it, they make it malleable \ that 
which is mixed with copper, or with other poor 
metal ea(ily falls afunder, is brittle, of the fame 
condition is iron-flint, producing out of many 
Daflages an huge iiint, partly porous, like unto a 
Dlack flat, which befides the iron-ftone yield&th 
another grofTer or fubtiler iron. By this exchang- 
ing T^ttbal Cain-fiiQ great and tirft Mine-mailer did 
perceive, that the Itones have their adivity, he 
booking about, and finding that the Li me-(lones, 
which contain iron oar, are of (uch mixtures, 
which may be burned to lime or calx, to raife 
walls with them > and know oth^r forts of T'^/jf- 
hnts^ as alfo calx (lones are ht for to be burnt, 
uid found them to Le helpful for his melting. 
Thus the iron-ftone is aifociable unto other frones,- 
)e they metalline, or mineral. At Mnshacb 
here is copper (hot iron, which hath a lead 
oyning thereunto j Founders muft bs expert 


1 1 o . BafiUus Falentlnus hi; laft 

to deal wifh fuch oars in their melting, and Ma- 
giftrates do wifely that train up their fubjeds in 
fuch ways, for the good of the publick. Thus is 
the iron the firfl: and laft Minework, a chief metal 
which many creatures cannot want it, being of 
a moft necelTary ufe, whereby things v/ithin and 
above the earth can be forced, no man is able to 
remember all the ufes it may be imployed unto, 
for every day things fall out, to which thereis 
need of the u(e of iron : iron eafily receiveth a 
analleablenefs in a tranfmuting way, of which 
ibme of the ancient Philofophcrs have fpoken •, 
our iron is drawn from the Magnet, performeth 
many ufcful works in the affinity with copper, 
which it is near kin unto, as alfo unto the gold 
and lead, for thereby are made the moft glorious 
AkaJt^ which appear helpful in many things unto 
other creatures, as Posts write of, and attribute 
many ftrange qualities by way of parable unto 
iron i and if in writing all the vertues thereof 
ihould be comprehended, it would rife to a great 
Volume i its ftones have in many Countries dc- 
crealed, all other metalline ftones are upon their 
decay, only gold fiivcr, copper, aud leadke^:^ 
their multiplying condition all the world over. 


Of Lead'Oar^ hsMine^ condithn-, and fining 

THe lead oar is wrought under that heavenly 
imprefsion of the black and cold Saturn^ by 
nn uiidigcikd vvaterilli Sulphurj imprte metal and 


Wi II And Teftameftt. Ill 

fait* Firll:, generally tliere is wrought a brittle 
glittering lead-colour in that oar which is called 
GlaJJc^ breaking in many rocks, containeth gold 
and filver, yield grofs and lafiing Mine-works. 
Some lead llones are very broad, becaufe glaffy 
oars are mixed with it, with flints or miarcaiites, 
partly theyare glaffy, red goldifli, white goldifh, 
111 very , copper glalTy , and of copper. Some 
lead oar turn to a blue colour , mixed with a 
white tranfparency, like unto a (hot Bolus h fome 
is like unto the ftone-falt and allom s fome are of 
a dark green, like unto green floats, which lye 
gritty in a yellow or glue-coloured clay, fome are 
of a brown black, fome are yellow red, like Mi-^ 
ffhtmy fome is pure and'compad, fome is infprink- 
led and moving, fome is mixed with iron, fome 
with filver and lead, fome are mixed with marbles 
and flowers ^ fomx breaks alfo upon (landing and 
level moving pallages, and fome is wrought in 
pieces here and there in flate-mines, where black 
lead lieth along through the whole Mine ', fome 
is glaffy in Lime-ftones, and fome is very rich of 
filver in huge marble pafTages. There is a two- 
Fold Marble i, the filver palfages have a fubtilc 
light, and glaffy brittle Marble, which" looks like 
whe glafs upon gold Mine-works, is of a curious 
white glittering quality. 

Lcad-oar is wrought feveral ways, and the co- 
our of it changeth after the manner of the oars, 
:fpecially in the forts of glafs oars. For if Sa- 
urn licth below, or is in fubjedlion unto others. 
:hen the glafs hath no power to bring Saturn. 
into S:itjmu an imperfect mineral, which either 
s too hard, or elle untoward, and the Nodus of 
^cnm is a mijpuk^L or a mixture of lead and fil- 

1 1 a Bajjlius Valentirjus hii lafl 

ver, which is knitted very hard, but if foft, then 
it is water lead-glafs, of the which are found in 
gold juyces and tin-oars a kind of iron glafs or 
iron mole, but is heavier and more brittle than 
iron-glafs, by reafon of its terrellrity or earth- 
linefs, which keepc in the metal, and is neither 
too foft nor too hard, and is glalTy, white goldifh, 
red goldifh, and falls into rhe beft metalline oars. 
True lead-glalTes and oars afford half or the third 
part of lead, mixed with fonie other metal, and 
if one of the other metals be found in the glafs, 
which keeps the predominancy, then lead-paffa- 
ges are iimply good, and lead is united with 
gold, and thele are mixed ftones , for the ftones of 
Mine-oars are more wonderful in their fingular 

Thus is here the lead alfo in its fall, and bleak, 
after the heavenly imprcfsion which the Hightit 
hath fo indued, that it is fubjedl to other metals, 
and is thefupream Finer in the eifential Fruits of 
others. It caiily mingleth naturally with other 
metals, and the qualities of other oars, together 
with the leaves, bulk and roots into other Hones 
of earth ; And Saturn in his degree and power 
is the Higheft, in a fingular divifion of all his 
works, in which he flievveth himfclf in a clarified 
tranfparcnt foul, runneth into Antimony with 
its fweetnefs, which fliould meerly imbrace the 
gold 5 this 15 done ih^ not without a caufe •, for 
in its ponderoiicy it yieldeth the lightefl remedy 
to all melancholy and heavy blood. As heaven- 
ly afirals are feveral, the clouds under them are of 
all forts of colours i, fo the one lead is purrr and 
more malleable than others, as that in Englrnd 
and at Viiljicb it is km in the lead-fiones alio. 


Will and Tellament. 1 1 ^ 

For lead-oars which are mixed with othc» 
ftones, efpccially with Tuch as contain lilver, iron, 
copper, yield much of lightftones, and lead- work, 
which are pkkt out for (eparating, and the ra- 
ther if they are rich of gold. Such worthy me- 
tak there are in Hmgary^ Icfs pains are taken a- 
bout them in their hning. Mineral flints with 
their unripe juyces in the weak joyningsof Lead 
oar unite the Satumal glais h if without any mix-* 
ture affords to Potters a green glazure, if all be 
not melted into lead 'i but if youget a brittle 
mixed Rint , there the glafs is half upon iron, 
and fuch. that are moft pliable aiford melting 
glafs for hning for iuch ftardy wild oar, which 
will not melt. Artifts may. "prepare fuch Satur- 
nal glafs,mingling with it a fmall quantity of me- 
tal line flower, which will look, as fair as if it 
were a natural one. There may be extra ded 
from lead an eifedtual medicine for mans health. 
If ilate oars are found with another mixture, 
there are generated moft lix and tirm copper. 
Vitriol and calamy alfo, as they are at Gojlar in 
HarlynUn The beft lead is in England and at 

Man Dannot well be without any of his mem- 
bers > metals, according to Gods ordinance are 
of the fame quality, if man knew to make good 
ule of them, for nature hath provided richly for 
him in that way : if men work thefe ignorantly, 
what utility can they have of them ? Of the me- 
talline foul is made a chain, which linkcth toge- 
ther the jundluresof gold and iilver : thele are 
indued with a ipecial fpirit, which is diftilled in- 
^o a water through a transparent head j Nature 
congealeth under ground, in the paflages -fuch 

i watex 

114 Bafiltut Vahntinui his laji 

water urto ice, for a fign, that there is at hand 
a vein of lead, and filver, or of pnre lead, and if 
there be a mixture of other metal about it, it is 
the better. 

The beft lead paflages are fuch waters, blew, 
fcaly, T^/^y, llate-ltones, and fluid ftricked mar- 
bles at length, or carled infprinkled ones, and not 
wrapt or wound about, with moving paflages, 
jglmoft unlike^ unto filver oars. Some lead oars 
are of a whlte,rcaly, Talk-flatc, full of wide gar- 
riats, in which lead oar doth appear, which is rich 
of iilvcr. 


Of fin:, T-^^ oary operation^ mifl^ flocJ^'i floats^ 
fallings^ and ftr ihjng p'^jf'^g^^* 

Tin oar is wrought in a fand-ftone, having 
its influence from Jupiter above, wrought of 
a dark brown, purple coloured, grayiih, black 
ihjning mercurial fait, and fome fulphur mixed 
with it, interlined with an unkind grofs (lilphu- 
reous fume, all thcfe incoiporate together, mak- 
ing up the body of Tin : this unkind fume is the 
caufd of the brittlenels of Tin, and makcth all 
other metals that are melted with it unkind and 
brittle. This Tin or §^imr groweth or break- 
cth in a threefold manner, viz. it llideth, it is full 
of fumes, and it groweth in pieces : It hath a 
threefold wildneis alfo, as Shoel^ flint, and iron- 
mould which caufeth lead-work i their colours 
arc black llate, brown, and yellow. Thefe fand 
*nd fitter oars arc invironedj or inclofed in 


vviu ana i ejiamem. 1 1 j 

iTMgtity broad ihnding paflages, which appear to 
the day with §n>incrs\ Tome contain alfo rich 
paint work y lome of thefe flints muft be calci- 
ned, (bme are mixed with (lore of Tj/^ and Cat- 
filver^ wliich is a food unto S^itter^ and loveth 
to ftay there, fome there are which grovveth in a 
Glimmer or Cat-filvcr^ and is iron-mouPd, others 
alfo do ftrikc in a iirc ftone or flint, fo that Hrc 
mufl: be applied thereunto, others are in a foft 
ftone, and as it were fwimmeth along. Some 
rre richer than others. That which groweth 
pure, and in black fmall {ioiits^ and heapeth to- 
gether that natuiil work, that giveth the greatefi 
gain. And becauie Jupiter is the potent Lord of 
It, therefore it hath a mighty throne and feat, 
that is, a mighty huge Mine- oar, out of which 
Tin is made by heaps, and is of that nature and 
property that it prelleth outward, and bloifom- 
eth to a day, thrufteth off Soap-work, whence 
come the wafh work of Tin-foap : For ^j?iiter 
doth not grow in the fand of earth, befidcs in its 
body it is removed further from the (cit of its 
throne to the foot-ftool , maketh tor it felf a 
twofold dominion , in one it bordereth and 
reacheth to llates and other flones that lie about 
it, infomuch that his dominion increafeth, in 
which is not a little, but much, on the blueftones, 
fallings, floats, paflages, /S'/^j.-'// and clifts,whidi 
incline one upon another, and do joyn , many 
times a mighty Tin-flone is wrought y which 
finketh down among its own ci.ider andflate, 
and at its fmking purgeth it felf, and there come 
other fumes like clouds, which at all iides (hoof 
into, and then breaketh again as good as ever it 
did before > and it is of that good condition, that 

I ^. * it 

itdefpifeth no lodging, nor palTcth by any, but 
as poor and as delpicablc the ftonc is in that 
phce, be it ted, bro>vn, frtfl-i, or ftale, broad or 
fniall, it will prefs into, and mingle it ielt" with 
it, arid will not be forced out of it, making it 
felf great, little, groG, mild, tame, fubtile and 
pliable, even as the reft will have it, and all this 
in a natural way \ it loveth to border upon filvet: 
and iron-ftone, that Tin and* Iron be united in a 
mighty lix filver and copper oar , all which arc 
found at their feveral marxs. Tin oar is in this 
place better and malleable, if found afar off (rem 
tlint-pafTagcs , and are kfs mingled with iron 
mould, efpecially if copper ftones, which in cal- 
cining can hardly be feparated,proves Lead- work, 
without any fair glafs. 

Some of it is fo mild and foft , that w^hea 
they are cleared and calcined, ftill lofe (omething, 
for tlints and fulphureous matters, which are vo- 
latile, and cannot indurc any great heat, cctrode 
fbmewhat of the metalline Tin, which appear- 
eth by the vvhite thick fume at the calcining ; 
they are calcined thus hard by reafon of Bak§' 
iron-, elfe they might yield as much again \ for 
they lofe extreamly in calcining. It is itrange to 
fome,why they (brink together to fo fma'l a quan- 
tity,being they get a greateir quantity of lead with 
good ^'i'tcr^ at iirft brought out of the Mine. 


IViU and T'e^umer.t. 1 1 7 


Of Mercurial oar and its ^ajfagcs^ 

MErcurial oar is wrought in its proper Mine- 
ftones, by the quality of its fait earth, and 
its nimble volatile earth, in amoift, grealic,llimy, 
waterilh oletity^ which is mixed with a niofl fub- 
tile, red, (ulphureon.s digefted earth, with a mofi; 
weak ilow binding, like an unripe plcafing fruit 
of all particular metals. 

Mercury fheweth its vertue in many things ad- 
mirably, and w^orktth eifed ually upon Minerals 
and Metalline fulphur, and upon fuch which bor- 
der upon Antimonial ftoncs or oars -, it loveth to 
be in fuch places where the Tin-oars Jie higher 
than filver palTagcs. It requireth many iterating 
elfediial operations unto other oars, and is mul- 
tiplied upon other Irrange Itones, and is draw^n 
through the juycesbf Minerals and Metals, which 
are in affinity one to another, and produce many 
Ibange mifcreants , this is the reaion why it is (o 
plea(ant unto metals, Goldfmiths amalgame and 
gild with it. 

It is ufed alfo for metaljiye colours, and is 
prepared to an oil and water, for mans health,and 
is fublimed for to corrode ths worit of poifons, 
and is a true Robber, taketh along what ever cofts 
have been beftow^ed on him 5 but if he can be 
catched in his nature, then is he in fubjedioii 
and obedience unto quick and dead. He is very 
etfedual in Medicine^ cfpecially for outward foresi 
he is naught to naught, and good to good, and is 
not every bodies fiiend , though he is willing 

1 3 

Il8 BafiVw^^iile/iti/Wshh U^x 

to do what you put him upon. His metalh'ne 
flones are of the faiue nature with pure white 
flate earth, inclined to a water-blew, in frefli in- 
termingled white marbles, in a glalTy grayifh and 
porous Glimmer or [ cat-filver] which lie beneath 
betwixt the llates, in a float way , which are 
mingled in their metalline pafTages withon-fled 
Marcjfites^ and with the fubtileft fmall ftreaked 
white Talk, and are*-* thorough grown with two' 
forts, ftanding and float-ftriking pallages,in which 
is wrought a curious red fl^iining quick-filvcr oar, 
iiot unlike unto red Mine-fulphur , and fomc- 
times floweth purely out of the clifts and caves 
of the palTages, (lands in a fink or puddle toge- 
ther like water, which its natural quick fubfiance 
fufficiently evidenceth. 


Of JFifmuth^ Antimony^ Sulphur^ Salh Salt- 
^cnr and 1a\ 

' X7\7Ifmuth is wrought in its own Mine- 
V V ftone, not quiteireed from a protrud- 
ign filver , or Tin-ftone, cf an imperfed pure 
quick-lilvcr withTin-filt, and fluid filver-fuU 
phur of a brittle immifciblc earth, partly of a 
crude fluid fulphur, partly ^f a mixed much ex- 
iccated fulphur, according as k hath gotten 
irix^ after it was conceived : then it turneth a ba- 
fiard of a brittle nature, eafily uniteth with Mer- 
cury, and is wrought naturally in a two-fold 
form,, the one is fluid and metalline, is m.elted 
with dry wcod, being mixed with clay, yieldeth 
•much ot white Ai-fcmck. . The other is fmall 


Will and Tejtament. i ig 

fireaked, or j^iJ/Ff, remaineth an unripe fubftance, 
yields a hx fulphur inftead of Arfenick ; both 
thefe are filver Tf^ifmuth. 

Antimony comes from perfedt Mercury, 
wrought of little fait and a waterifli fluid fulphur, 
though it (hineth black naturally, and its out-fide 
is of an antimonial form, yet it gratuateth and 
purifieth the noble nature of Gold , and doth 
much good unto man; being artificially prepared 
in its feveral ways --, notwithftandlng its colour, 
it keepeth its high and mighty, praife and vir- 
tue : For meeting with a Malkr, which can cla- 
rifie it, and gets its natural Gold out of it, and 
extra<ft3 a bloud red Oyl from it, that (erveth a- 
gainft many Chronical difeafes '-, it mufl be redu- 
ced to a tranfparent glals : this black evaporated 
iiriripe m.etal repreients to us Gods Majefiick glo- 
ry, who is not a regardcr of perfons, befiowing 
upon poor defpifed men rarities of vertues and 
knowledge ! 

The red mine-fiilphur, which is found in lyroU 
T^oHJVpitz^ and Engadin-, and groweth in a black 
blue ilat-flone, aud hath fingular innumerable 
good vertues, wherein lyeth hid a mighty puri- 
tying quality, lyeth on with its colour unto the 
red goldifli filver oar, orCinober oar^ and looks 
almoft like unto it, whofe rednefs ihineth forth 
moil plcafantly. 

Salt hath its fpecial vertues to penetrate and to 
preferve from putrefadion, containeth a noble 
fpirit : and it were very necelTary , that men 
wouJd not be fo carelefs , and negledful in their 
feaibning with {ait,fulfering matters to ftinck and 
corrupt, confidering too llightly, and taking fo 
fmall notice of the noble gik put into jgood mi- 
. - I 4 neral 

neral works, better lying on tHeir hoary old 

Talk is an ingrown fulphur, fliincth incom- 
buftibly like gold and filvcr, clofcth and boweth, 
is tranfparcnt like glafs, is called Sulphur^ hti- 
tum^ keepeth in the fire incombuflible, like Alu" 
men plumofum^ lycth in Rocks and ftonc-works, 
feveth for graduating of nnetals. Every Hietal, 
mineral and (alt in particular is good to be ufed, 
each is diftingujfhcd in its particular name: even 
as thofc that make glafles, put their feveral names 
upon them, and put their feveral forms upon 
them, making them into drinking glalTes, flagon?, 
bodies, bolt-heads, helmets,reccivers,pcnicans,jar- 
glafles, winc-glafles, funnels, all theie he frameth 
after his own fancy, cither into fmall, great, long, 
or round forms, even as he pleafeth. 


; Ji com^arifon hctrveen Gods word and the Mine- 

Like as the heavenly glorious God in a fpiritu- 
al way, in his molt dearcli Son our Lord Jc- 
fm Chriil-i at his redeeming of mankind for the 
good of man appeared a Sun of righteoufiicfs, 
which glory the Prophet Efam hath prophtfied 
of in the Lords fpirit many years ago : How two 
Chcruhims and Scraphims having fix wings, 
moved arid fung before the Lord : Holy, holy, 
holy is the Lord Zcbaoth , of whofe glory all 
the vvorld is full, which Prophet hath ieen the 
moll omnipotent Lord of Lords, knowing hira 

will and Tei}mm\ I2.1 

a God in a Triple eflcnce, and that out of that 
noble Chaos of Jefm Cbnjt fiiould flow the foun- 
tain of life, of mercy, and right eoufnefs, which 
the Lord God made apparent on the Tree of the 
fioly Crofs, where out of the fide of his dearelt 
Son did run bloud^nd water, to which the Lord 
in the Revelation of St. John addeth, fire, fmoak, 
and fnme •, this union according to the Divine 
Word is grown at the beginning in all creatures, 
and what ever God the Holy Trinity hath ever 
created confilkth in a Trinity, eveu as the Deity 
is in an eternal Trinity : As the Deity is indivi- 
lible in the Humanity, a,3c o^ in the water and 
blood for an eternal remcnibrance, that is, the 
iirfi: and the laft letter : as in the Heavenly, even 
fo in the earthly, the perfedt Alphabet muft not 
be cut afunder, all muft ftand from the begin- 
ning to the end i and Chrifl: Jcfus purgeth his 
dear friends itill unto eternal lite through water 
and blood, faying to their hearts, allthyiinsare 
forgiven thee, thy faith doth fave thee. No man 
is favcd, unlcfs he be firil born again, that is, 
through water and blood, which throughly purg- 
eth not only men, and the fons of men, but alio 
the wh©le Limhm upon earth '-, for it is not the 
metalline blood and water, neither is it Merctiry 
and Sulphur that doth it, neither in the body un- 
der ground is any goldifli filver wrought to any 
blood red oar, the blood out of Chrill fide filed 
for the good of man,is that great evidence for thus 
all Mineral ftones, that are in the plain element of 
earth, and the fpirit of all oares, and marbles,and 
Hones come from the divine eifence, as alfo the 
heavenly fpirits for the throne of God, with the 
heavenly Angels and Spiiirs are furniflKd for the 


12 2 Eafilius Va lenthm h is laji 

praife of God : thus the earth alfb is created in 
tier ftones, oars, veins, pafTages, for the honour of 
God, and the welfare of man, which imitateth 
Gods wifdom, filled wich infinite and uncefTant 
forth-bringing of fruits. 

whence (hould be the decay of metals ? fure- 
ly even as the eyes of the hnly ApolHes and Dif- 
ciples were held, that they could not know the 
Lord in his clarified fpiritual body and elfencei 
310 more can men fee theie things in metals. 

why doth Saint JJ^/zin his Rcuelation fpeak 
of iiTioak and of fume h Surely he did not mean 
the fire, fmoak, and fume of Baker? ovens, or 
Kitchin chimneys, but there was revealed unto 
him the heavenly fire, the mii^, vapour, and fume^ 
which is exhaled from the moifture of earth,and 
elevated to the clouds : fo in the fubterranean. 
works the fume and fpoil, oroutfideof the ear 
are f.iblimed , and chc fire of the fioli: which 
xouieth the efiedual powers, vapours, and (pjrits 
maketh them come to a pcrfed unity in metal- 
line bodies. Now if there were not a iire and 
vaporous fume in the earth, how could tUy pro- 
duce their fruits, which are the minerals- and me- 
tals vnder ground ? 

As the fiery clement is covered with the airy, 
and tbciieaven with clouds, and the earth h fil- 
led by them, and together with the fire was in- 
clofed as one element with the other two. In 
like manner, at the firft Qeation, the fubterrane- 
an palTa^ and veins were laden with oars , as 
trecs-w-erc with fruit, which the Lord Geo. m pa- 
xyiiik had implanted into them. This erfedual ■ 
iife, vapour and fame is likened unto Mrrcury, 
Sulphur, Salt, and Sea-wat^r, wherein earth lieth 


WiHandT'ejUment. 125 

indofed and hiddcn,even as the fupreamefl: throne 
of God is cncompafTed by other thrones and hea- 
venly habitations. 

As the four Evangelifts are witnefTes of the 
Nev/ Tci^ament and Covenant ', fo they are a 
type arid f.ire tcftimony of the four elements, 
that the Earth is created after the holy Heaven ^ 
thus are we taught in the Lords Prayer, as it is in 
leaven, fo in the earth, in which, and beneath, 
nid under God is every where. This is in adion 
(till, King Vavid could confefs, that he could not 
hide himfelf from the Lord any where. 

Seeing the holy and bleiTed God hath laid the 
:reatures in the earth with the fjur elemental 
qualities, therefore let rational Miners open 
he eyes, and learn judicially to know the par- 
ages and clifts of oars , metals and minerals, 
hen they will get a lafting name with great 
jraife, and will be like the noble gold, which 
n a glory and beauty appeareth, when it comes 
rom the §^an^ and can be then reduced hito an 
mI, which preferreth man in a lafting health, be- 
yond any baHbm, and is become a vegetable; 
vhich is potable. 

It is feafable, thut of gold may be prepared a 
lingular Medicine for the good of man-kind, 
ecaufe man is created of God from Limus terr^y 
nd the whole earth is a Limm^ fuch another 
kledicine all the Dodors are not able to pro- 
duce , which is of a curious Iweet fragrancy, 
landing diiiinct in two lights, and mult needs 
•e in renim natiira:, becauie it was brought on 
jod his Altar, for an offering by mans art pre- 
ared, fuffer'd it to be extinguiihed. "None 
njweth what it is, neither we liteated Dodors 


12 4 ^ajilius Vahhtirm hu Ia!l 

know the preparation of it, who when their 
Confedions, Syrups, Herbs and Potions will do 
no good, and are in dcfpair, then they might wil- 
lingly run to Metals, which formerly they made 
confcience to make ufe of them in their Oynt- 
ments and Plaifters ? of this I make mention in a 
revernd remembrance for true rational Miners. 
Oat of gold and iilver are joyned not only gold 
and filver monies and other plates for mans ufe, 
but they ferve for mans ufc in many other things 
and after the hrft metals vertue, there come o- 
thers alfo more and m.ore very effedual, even to 
the laft of metals. 

Such vertues there are in minerals alfo, as in 
vitriol, antimony, allom, fait, and the like. All 
thefe are a nourifbment unto metals, even as Man- 
na was to the Ifraelites in the defart. As they are 
eafily withdrawn and taken from metals, fo it 
hapned to them alfo ■> Heathens and Chriftians 
received that Manna, together with Mines and 
Kingdoms, they are fct and fliot at jlie.heapof 
rubbiih, where they ilill worfhlp the Cilf ^ of 
this I have fpokon more in that book where I 
treated of Fojjtiu* 


Hon? preciom Stones and Jcrvels arc xpr ought ^ and 
hort'' Cnd hath hjlowcd bkjfuigs upon thofe 
that PMf\ the Mines* 

JEwels are wrought out of the fubftance of the- ; 
moll perfed:, tranfpa rent, end nobleft earthli- 
neis, with a mixuirc of the nobleil Mercury, 


Will and Te^ment. 125 

Sulphur and Salt, without any fume, or moift 
matter : are of a dry coagulation, and commonly 
are cngendred in a round form in their dwellings, 
lodgings, Hocks, and pafTages, fixedly bcund to- 
gether s fome are of a tranlparcnt lullre, others 
are more darki and they have their fcveral co- 

Not many oars are found, in which thefe no- 
ble generated bodies are brought to any perfedl- 
nefs, neither are their ftrikings afong in a way ot 
palTage, here and there they have their Centers, 
unto which are joyned tender and miraculous ac- 
crcfcencics, where they are guitatim lapidated, 
falling into the hardeft, purelt ftoncs concavities, 
growing in feveral cuticles, as we fee the animal 
Hones do grow. The more precious the Jewels 
are, the fewer there are of tl em i and the grofler 
their mixture is, the more liore there is found of 
them, which is apparent in Gjirnats'-i who hath 
hith( rto (earched into the quick fpirits of fuch 
ncl^lc Creatures, the Lord hath created tor mans 
ibeneht ? 

Pygmces or HomnnculU which in former times 
lived in hollow oars of Mines, thefe could not 
want skill in fuch ways, having traverfcdand 
travelled up and down all thefe llippery corners 
and ways- The places and fituation of fuch Je- 
wels lying fdmewhat ^nearer unto Heaven, in the 
Eafteni Countries, bordering on Paradice, fo 
here muH needs be abounding in Gold and Jew- 
Is, and ilich precious vegetables , which our 
hougfits hardly may reach unto. God requir- 
::th no more of man, whom he intfuileth with 
:hefe things, but to be faithful and juft, and is 
m argmiient tor us to think that for the fame 


12^ Bafilius Valenttnus^his lafl 

caufe pious Kings and Princes, and the old wife 
patriarchs were gifted from above to bear a love 
tt) fearch into Mine-works, and did it with an 
uprightnefs and judgement. Let honeft godly 
Chriiiian Miners chuie the better part, and learn 
to know the pearl, the fpirit of the Lord pro^ 
ceediiag out of Gods own mouth, and let them 
confider well their eternal fixation , to return 
their love again to him that hath loved them 
tirft, bringing all things to their fubjcdion, he 
imparteth all unto them abundantly in grace and 
mercy, and by the innocence and merit of his 
only fon, bcftoweth on them temporal and eter- 
nal blcfsings, and puts more glorious ornaments 
on them, and better than ever gold, filver, jewds, 
and pearls were adorned withal. 


Of the ejfencc of ,GoId^>n-'hich ys ahuniantly foitnd^ 
not only in the metal^ but Miner d alfo^ n>bfe 
energy is (herded mofl rarely^ and a Jhjrt clnfing 
of my firji and ficond Part of Minerals and Me- 
tals is annexed* 

THis Chapter is a breviary of all mineral co- ti 
lours and torms, how they after an heaven- . tf 
]y operation are daily clad in the metalline prime [[ 
matrix -, and (it forth in their fevcral words, [\ 
whereas there (hii-j.eth forth unto u& the eternal 
light of the luftrous Sun, the deity of the day of 
joys, and ot the eternal molt jixed and faireft 
Sol^ as alfo of a moft, yellow , pure, red, and 
fixed ^itria colour of heavens eternal lightning, 


Will and Te^ament. I27 

and the moft glorious paradife of all the Stars, a 
natural created light for all creatures , befides 
the beautiful Aurora, of Mineral Earths, and of 
their fubtileft, compad, and befl: binding incloied, 
fpeaking to all other white untinged Metals > I, 
Sol^ of an eflt^ntial being, am Lord of Lords in 
power, might, and perfection, I overcome all, 
and I overcome and bring them into fubjedlrion, 
1: and none of them can mailer me, but I do con- 
quer them all, they are fubjed to me, and to my 
Being, for my Kingdoms is cAablifhed with in- 
finite and invincible Power and Dignity s by me 
all metals, minerals, animals and vegetables are 
ftrengthened and redihed ^ for I give to every 
one that knoweth me in my green, blue, and red 
Nature, all what I have, and what he defireth, 
I caufe to drop down after the four cardinal 
flreams of Tifon^ Gihon^ the nobleft fublhnce of 
Viercury, in the form of a mofi: pure tranfparent 
cryftalline water, and the moft noble fubftance 
of Sulphur , of Hidckel and Fhratb the cleareft 
■aireft Aftral fait from a Vitriol fait, which 
through all Mines flew upward very fruitfully, 
and penetrates all the mineral ftones. I alone 
graduate and exalt the filvcr, unto Luae^ I give 
ight and luftre in all righteoufnefs, of my ver- 
tue do fpeak all Magi^ Naturalilts,' and Scribes all 
he world over, from the Eaft to the Weft, I am 
;he Lord over the heavenly clarified garments 
md colours, I adorn rhc hrniamcnt, the weather, 
'.cloath the Rain-bow after Gods will, I exalt all 
twelS) all fuch growths and creatures^ and what 
[Cannot inwardly walk through and reach unto 
la my courfe, I leave it to be perfected with my 
riend and lover the Lnne^ (lie re^seiveth the belt 


1 i 8 BafiUus rdentinm his hfl 

J5art of me, and of the fubtileft an abundance^ 
the Indies^ Hungary^ Carinthia teftifieth the rame> 
for all what is to h've, and is to receive a lite> 
rejoyceth in me, and next God, in none elfe, for 
to him honour and glory belongs folely aft^r huB, 
I find no higher Lord and Commander. Bnt for 
my part I do not reit, neither do I delire any reft, 
do my office readily into which my Creatour hath 
placed me, I let my plyablcnefs be found glori- 
oufiy, like a wax in Hones, which have by reafon 
of hardncfs fire enough, if need. 

I am hid from unwife men, and am ready to 
be dilcern'd by men of underlbnding. 1 am 
predominant abundantly in a well known Mi- 
neral, as alfo in M^irs and Venm which are of 
low degrees : in them I lie hid alfo , all xhSz 
have a double fpirit, well known unto Lunc^ 
pleafant to her, and next unto her. Hence God 
fuffered Mofes to ercCt a brafen Serpent, in the 
defert after my colour , in harkning unto the 
people, at the mount Stna'u My bcft and faireft 
colour appeareth in tranfparcnt juyces, as vitriol, 
which after my condition 'n\ due time pcnetra- 
teth Oars, whereby they grew rich in luft, a id 
are train'd up in a pleafant form corroded into 
a greennefs, like fealing wax, green like Goofe- 
dung, blew like Saphir, and lb torth, fometimcs 
of the colour of a water flint : my red and 
white colour is the. bell, which are heartily : 
wifh'd for. I love to be kindled in vitriol, and 
further it after defcenliou in its green food, unto 
a deep red fpirit, after whole laxative purging 
cometh that expeded aquj. Sauirni , the true ) 
acide-JVcU : from whence I my fclf and all other " 
Metals, Animals and Vegetables have my oflf- 


wiu and Tejtamem. 12^ 

(pring and life. For Metals and Minerals ri^ 
only from thence, have their beginniug and ori^ 
ginal from it, for it is that quickening water, 
which ordinary Miners do not know of, is known 
only to Philofophers. It worketh Minerals and 
Metals in (everal ways, in form of taps which did 
skept,piire, white, compa6t, found like purified 
Sugar, in a blue flate-work. An extraordinary 
pleafant Mineral for all colours. Salt Oars are 
at a farther diftance , which by my attadive 
changing, are found in floats, blocks and pafTages, 
which in many places, bring the water unto the 
day-light, fo that it often is found a pure and 
dry Salt above ground, of glafsie light flames, or 
in a great frofl like unto flocks of (now, there 
Ihooteth a brittle, glafsie light (lone, wrought in 
great pieces : in the fame order are all other Jew- 
els according to mine inlightned heavenly ftone, 
difiributed among their operations, worths, and 
vertues, and clarified in a mcft fix'd tranrparcn- 
cy, and indewed with an everlafting fpiric, di- 
fiind: in feveral colours, as Diamond, Smaragds, 
Carbuncles, Saphirs, Rubies , Cnryftals, Chalce- 
donian, Jafpis, Berill, ChryfolithjOnix, Carmel> 
Turkois, Lazur-iione, Margarits, Coralls, lerra 
Lemnia-, Terpentine-flones, and Garnats, of deep- 
,f r low colours, each in its heavenly colours order 
is tranlparent, and naturally is created, andpre- 
fcrved in its own officina : Hence it may be ar- 
gued, that all thefe together with good fruits 
lerve for mans good, both for his body and fpirit ^ 
for nothing is hid from my tranfparent pow- 
er,, my fplendor and luftre ovcr-ihadoweth aU 
thee, and are held to their growing i^nto ma- 
turity: let no^ creatures marvel a.tthcic (everal 
K diftin- 

1 so Bajmus VAlenUnus hts laft 

diftindions from whence they all (hould come^foi' 
^11 Save their principle from me, and from my 
ipirit, which is hidden in me, which none can 
dive into, fave the fole Creator of. all things, 
from whom it proceeded as out of his Divine 
mouth. Thus I clofe up rry (peech, and my fclf 
ftartle at fo great a myftery, and atteft in truth 
for a farewel, that I am not only the Gold and 
f)refent Sol^ but give alfo flrength and power to 
all the inferies terrene (pirits : for Arijicm and 
Onizon is in fubjedtion unto me, for I am «& and 
», God be prailcd for ever. 

Thus I conclude the (econd part of my Mi- 
neral book, wherein I have (hewed iuithtully as 
much as I know, and could in my indultry ap- 
prehend : let others do their endeavours alfo, let 
them produce their knowledge alio, that the 
light of the nobly nature may Itill be fupply'd in 
her plenitude, and may npt go out , whereby 
caufe would be given to the enemy and envious 
men, to be outragious againll (uch truths. Let 
God ftill and unceflantly be importuned with 
prayers and thankfgiving. For thefe ends I have 
written thefe my two Treatifes , and annexed 
the manuals at the beginning (which otherwife 
needed not to be done) that by carneft prayer 
and thaukfgiving , and continued earneit wor- . 
Ihipping of God, every one might caretully exer- 
eife himfelf therein, and be convinced in his rea- 
son, how gloriouily almighty God hath created, 
ordained, and held foith nature, to perform her 
operations under ground, and to produce unto 
the day light tormally their Nativities and fruits, 
that we may reap thereby not only our fulle- 
nance, but may aciinowkdge Gods infinite mer- 

WiU and Teltament. 1 ^ X 

cy and goodnefe, for which none can return fuf- 
ficient thanks. However let every one do hi» 
duty, and as much as he is able to perform with 
his heart and tongue, pray to God in fincerity fo« 
his grace, blefiing and wildoni, to conceive by 
hisipiritof truth and righteouihcfs of his great 
and wonderful Creature, that the honour of God 
may be exalted above the Heaven, and be pro- 
claimed with infinite praise throughout ail the 

End of the fecond Part. 


2i/l ob oiio Y'ioyj ij[ *iev. • 
fhiwrmofcq o5 ^J6c^l^ 
161 V'iiiuonit fit boOx-)3 -{]/< 
Y^J ovrjjrr >:: oj frnob'iiv; ' 




O F 

Basilius Valentimus 

His laft 


Treating of the Univerfal work in the 
whoIe^World, with a perfedl Decla- 
ration of the XII. Keys •' where- 
in is fignificantly exprcffed 
the name of the great 

There u an Elucidation alfo of all his foY^ 

met writing : puilijhcd for the good 

of the pojienty^ and fuchy that 

are lovers of wifdom. 


Printed by 5". G. & B. G. for Edipard Brew-' 

{i^r 3 at the Crar^e in Saint Pauls 

Church'jard^ i tf 70. j 

? W M I 7 

■J I . 

Dm V 





I s 

A Declaration of the 
XII. Keyes^ 

HEre followeth the third part of my in- 
tended writings, wherein is truly 
(hewed the original and prime matter 
of our Philofophick Itone, which is a 
perfedt inftrudion to the pradlick part, which 
{heweth the dired way to the inexhaultible foun- 
tain of health, and of the abundance of riches 
to provide tor mans neceflaries: and this is a 
Declaration of my former writings, which is left 
for a love-token to all thofe that are lovers of 

My triend you muft note, that by this intend- 
ed work touching the Minerals, I had reafbn ta 
prcrix the two parts of Minerals , and Metals, 
and their Oars , holding it a necefsiry to hold 

K jL forth 

1^6 \AnEluctdaUono^theXIl,Ke)S. 
forth a light unto the ignorant, how that one' 
ipirit from above frameth all fach Oars, Metals, 
and Minerals, taking their original under ground 
for to generate thereby. For earth is always 
ready and covetous to attrad and to retain that 
ipirit, which proceedeth from Heavens powers, 
which it perfenteth in procefs of time in a for- 
mality and perfedtion. The manner of it hath 
been fpoken of fufficiently in my former writings, 
which is the reafon why I give only hints of them 
in this place. 

Note, that all things proceed from a heavenly 
influence, elemental operation, earthly fubftance, 
from this mixture arife the four ElementSy wa- 
ter, air, earth, which engender by the help of fire 
hid therein, in a warm digdHon, producing a 
Soul, Spirit, and Body. Thele arc the three prime 
principles, which in a coagulationcome to a Mer- 
cury, Sulphur,- and Salt, the(e three being in con- 
jundion, according to the nature of the ieed pro- 
duce a perfedbody s be it in the Kingdom, either 
of Minerals, Animals, or Vegetables. All things 
in the world, that are viable and palpable- are di- 
vided into thefe three Kingdoms: the Animal 
which contains fuch that have a lively breath, 
compoied of iicfh and bloud , as men , beaf[S, 
worms , hfhes , fowls. The vegetables which 
contains trees, herbs, feeds, roots, fruits, and all 
fnch things that are of a growing quality, the 
Minerals contains all manner of Oars, Metals, 
Minerals, Marcalits, Calves, Zinks^ LoboVs^ all 
•foris ot fiints, pecbles, wifmuths, Itones, precious 
ones ana. others. 

Animds liave their fpecial kt^-. a fpermatick 
/libitance, wh'ich after a copulation generate flclli 


Ail Elucidation of the XI T, Ke)U 1 3 7 
and bloud, which feed is their prima matcriafiom 
a heavenly influence, created by God of the four 
Elements, wrought by nature, which formerly 
were quoted in my writings. 

Vemahles alfo have their proper feed which 
God befiowcd on them, according to their feveral 
qualities and form by a heavenly and fyderial in- 
fluence, and receive their elemenal fruitful grow- 
ing from the earth, with an order, thereby to ge- 
nerate and augment, 

Mirerals and Metals alfo have their original 
feed from God, by the heavens influence in a 
liquid aereal fubiiance, by a Mineral fpirit, ful- 
phureous Soul and enrthly Salt in one body joyn- 
ed:of thefe I have fpoken m my former v/ritings. 

Note further, if any of thefe Metalline and 
Mineral kinds (hall be brought to a farther propa- 
gation and augmentation, it muft be reduced to 
its firlf feed and prima materia* 

If you will tranfmute Metals, augment them, 

bring them into a tindure, or Philofophick ftone, 

you mull: firft underftand, how you may deflroy 

by a fpagyrick Art, the Metalline and Mineral 

form and feparate it into a Mercury, Sulphur, and 

Salt, thefe three muft be purely feparated, and 

brought to their lirft principles. 

. This feparation is done in, and by a Mercurial 

fpirit, fulphureous Soul and a white Salt. Thefe 

three in a due ordering of a true manual muft be 

; joyned again, that they maybe brought to the 

I higheft and moft perfeCl purity. 

In which conjunction muftexadrly be obferved 
the quantity : after this conjundion the whole. 
f ubftance is meerly a liquid fubftance and philofo- 
phick water, in which all the Elemei:its, hrftthc 


1 5 8 An ElucUatio'^ cf ttjp XI f, K^ju 
heavenly, than the elemental, and laftly the earth- i 
!y qualities are (hut up and lie hid therein. 

For the Mercurial (pirit is cold and moid:, the 
fulphureous Soul is warm and dry, and this liquor 
is the true prints materia^ and hrit (ted of Metals 
and Minerals, which by Vnlcans Art is brought to 
a plufqutm terfe&hn-^nto a tranfcendent fix'd Me- 
dicine, out of which is generated the true Philo- 
fophick ftone , and mL'il be produced in that 

Therefore ob(erve and take notice, that all 
Metals and Mmerals have only one O't^ from 
which generally their defcent is, he that know- 
eth that rightly, needs not to deftroy Metals, to 
cxtradt the Spirit from one, the Sulphur from a 
fecond, and the Salt from a third. For there is 
a nearer place yet, in which thefe three,- Spirit, 
Soul , and Body lye hid in one thing *, well 
known > and may with great praife be gotten, 
it (hall be nominated afterward in (everal terms. 

He that Icarneth to know exadly this golden 
feed, or this Magftct^ and fcarcheth througaly in- 
to its properties, he hath then the true root of 
life, and may attain unto that, his heart longeth 
for. In my former writings, as alio in the XII. 
Keys, from the hri] to the laft, I ordered thus my 
ftile in writing, wherein I held forth unto poftc- 
rity the praiiick^^ how the great (ione of Philo- 
fcphers, or the bed purihed gold may be made 
^xit of Sulphur and Salt, w^itli the help of the 
5pirit of Mercury, which muftbj drawn from a 
crude unmdted Minera^ accordi.ig to the Tenor 
of my hfth Key fet dowa in a parabolical man^ 
why 1 4td th: V. ork of t le R i!o(';p)iK:k ftonc 


^n Elucidation! of the ri I. Ke\s. 13^ 
apon the Geld Metal, this is the reafon that the 
fiiTiple Laborators , to whom \s unknown the 0- 
ther body , or fuhje^fum , which containcth all 
the three principles : though it be a thhig well 
known, yet is it a ftrangcr to their brains, may 
learn hereby more wit and knowledge. Many 
of the ancient Philofophers , which lived long 
before me, have in the fame manner with me ob- 
tained the true univerfal ftonc of all myfteries and 
health, as their books, which are extant, give evi- 
dence thereof. The firft time I took great pains 
and was at great expences, and confumed much 
time about the purilicd Gold , a^lledged in the 
firli Key , this heavenly fton£ I prepared in the 
Cloifter I lived in, and happily obtained it. The 
higheft in heaven belicwtd his further grace and 
blefsing upon me, that I took into further conil- 

o * 

deration the tinging animated fpirits placed and 
planted into their ieveral bodies. Let no man 
be a(hamed to learn, to add more to his learning, 
and to dive further into that , which was hid 
from him, notwithftanding his knowing ways* 
Nature relerveth many things in her iecrecy, 
j which mens dull undcrltanding and (liortnefs of 
j lifee cannot reach unto. 

Whereas God in his great goodnefs hath bc- 
ilowed this great gift upon me, for an improve- 
ment of that talent, I have imparted the lame to 
nay fellow Ghrilbans in the faid XII. Keys. 

Thofe that are endued with deeper wits and 
knowledge, and in their hearty and careful en- 
deavours Ikive further to dive in the Art, wil} 
Imeet in the fame place with a more ealie and 
more known matter, which almoft was namedand 

I^o An Elucidation cftheXU, ^cp* 
fet down, of an effedriial quhlity, out'of which 
in like manner, as the ancieiits before rac,"in their 
exadt fpecalati jn and pradrick have, in the cud 
better known the only Icopeahd drift, wmch hath 
been pradifed fevercl times by me alfo^in a fhdrter 
time, and lefs pains taking, both they and I have 
obtained health and riches : in this known and 
defpicable matter and Mineral fubftance is fojnd 
a iulphur and tindure more effedual^ and more 
worthy, than the beft Gold can afford, whTch is* 
fluid and open, and its Mercurial fpirit aKb, and 
its mylVicul • Salt is free and open, whofe vertues 
may with lefs^ains in a vilible manner be drawn 
fiomit. '_■■'.-;■'.' 

He that hath coufidcred exadily itiy -i^I. Keys, 
frequently perufing^tlie' fame, muil: iieeds* con- 
ceive, and that therein is held forth the. whole 
preparation of our it one, from the beginnii^g to 
the end, without any delect, yet fo that; jt only 
ihould be prepared of Gold fitted, for it. But 
we, according to Gods ordinance in natarc,^have 
pointed at a Gold, which is much bettcr,.an4 re- 
quireth to be taken into a deep confideration , 
which being unknown and ftrange to Novices, 
for Tome reaions I forbear to give them . any dire- 
clion thereunto, with a rcfolution to write and 
to point at flich matters, as themfelvcs are inclin- 
ed to feck for their feed in them. ;- .j " 

At the beginning of my. XII. Key% according 
to the manner of PnilofopherSj in a parabohca 
way I made relation of the property and wor 
of our iXoiiQ and balfam, how it was made by Ar 
tifts, which as by an inheritance is come to me al- 
io, wh-rein I (poke as much as was meet ot t^e 
government of the fire, chargeable appearance, 


An BlucidaVou of the XIL ICeji. 1 41 
and of the chiefeft planetical colours, and the fi- 
nal end thereof. After the accomphfnment of 
thefe'perufe well the XII. Keys, for each contaiii- 
eth a particular work. 

The hrlt Key infcrmeth you, that if you feek 
for the feed in a Metalline Body, as in the Gold, 
then before all things it niuft moft exadly be 
purged from all its impure kprofie, and that no- 
thing muii: be mix'd with our Fountain, but fuch, 
which is cf a pure (permatick quality. This pu- 
lifymg is perform'd with Antimony, which 
ftands in a near relation, and affinity unto Gold^ 
which is the reafon , why antimcnial fulphur 
purgeth the Soul of Gold, graduating the fame 
to a very high degree. On the other-fide, the 
Gold can meliorate in a (hort time the Soul of An- 
timony, and can bring it to a firm fixation, exalt- 
ing Antimony and Gold to an equal dignity and 
vertue, and can be brought not only unto a white 
Metal of Lune^ but alfo to a transcendent Medi-. 
cine for mans health, of which you fnall have a 
further diredion hereafter, when I (hall treat in 
particular of Antimony. Although Antimony 
hath promifed unto Saturn a fociable brother- 
tiood, becaufe Antimony's quahfication doth reft 
in fome fort on the quality of Saturn in an equal 
concordance, yet after the fixation of the exalted 
Sulphur of Antimony , his next friend Sjmrn 
cannotget any prey from him, becaufe the King 
received him into his golden Palace- and make 
him partaker of his triumphing Kingdom. This 
Is the reafon, why he can endure now heat and* 

Ifroft, and overcomes it, and frandeth with the 
[iingaConquerorin great and tranfcendcnt glory, 
I The purifying of the Gold is perform'd thus ; 
I . • Lami' 

145 An Elucidation of thf XII. Keji. 

Laminate the Gold thinly, after a due mannen 
calt it thrice through Antimony, afterward the 
Kcgiilus which is fet at the through cafting 
mult be melted before the blaft in a llrong tire, 
and driven off with Saturn^ then you wjU find 
thepurefj, faireft, ihioH: luftrous Gold , plcafant 
to behold, as much as the luftre of Sol is. This 
Gold is now fitted to furrender its innermoft, 
being iirft brought from its fixednc(s into a de- 
frrucStive form, ^nd pafs through the Salt-fea of its 
corruptiblencfs, is drowned therein, efcapcd i^ 
gain, and appcareth vifibly. 

l^he fecondKey* 

^ 4 y Friend, note, and take that into a feriousi 
Ivl coniidcntibn, becaufe the chiefeft point 
lyeth herein '-, cau(e a Balneum be made, let no- 
thing come into it, which Ihould not be there, 
that the noble iced of the Geld fall not into a de- 
iirud:ive and irrecoverable oppofition after its de- 
Itrudion, ^nd take an exad and careful view of 
llich things , which my fccond Key informeth 
thee of, namely what matter you ought to take 
to the Kings Balneum^ wturcby the King is de- 
l»'royed, and its external torm broken, and its 
ttiidttikd Soul may come forth, to this purpoic 
will ftrve the Draron and the Eagle^ which is 
Niter and Sdl Qrmoniack^^ both which after their 
Lnion arc nude into diAquifrt^ as you (ball be 
further informed of in my Manuals , where I 
fhall treat m particular of Gold, of other Metal?- 
and Minerals, into which Bjlmum the Ring is 
thrown , being iirft, as in the quoted place you 


An rhridjt'OH of the XII. Kfjs. I45 
(hall hear- bioi^ht into :in Jmalgama of Mercu- 
ry and ot Sulpf ur, which prefently fei2tth on 
him, corra'etaah his member,, and is difTolved, 
and is prt(eiitly mortihed of this Salt-water into 
a moit iplenacnt tranfparent Oyl. You muft 
note, that this diflolution is not fufficient, and 
the Ring is not minded as yet to let go Iiis Soul 
out of his iixcd body, which you can fee when 
you feparate the water from the diflTolved body 
of the King, where you (hall find fixed powder 
of Gold, out of which you will hardly get his 
Soul that is therein. Therefore follow my coun- 
fti and bear the yoak, which I bore before you, 
and learn to know exadily in pains taking, fur- 
ther rhus, as I (hall inform you. Having dif- 
I {blved your Gold wholly in the faid water, and 
brought it into a pleafant yellow Oyl, then let 
it liand well luted for a day and night in a very 
gentle Balneum Maria^ the feces which are fetled, 
mull: Le feparated from it, then take this pure 
diffolution, put it into a well coated body, or 
IPvetort, apply a Helmet to it, with a Receiver, 
in the beft manner luted to it, fet it into a (and 
Capel, drive the Gold with the w^ater over the 
Helmet, iterate this a third time, then abftradt 
the water in Balneum MarU^ you will find a fair 
Gold-powder, keep this in a glafs for an hour In 
iire, let the remaining huiinidity be drawn from 



144 ^^ ElmdMion of the XII. Ke)S. 

* Ibe third Key* 

'^'Heii take of good fpirit of Salt-niter one 
A part, and of dephlcgmed fpirit of ordinary 
Salt, three parts, pour thefe fpirits together 
warm'd a little, into a body on the fore-written 
Gold powder, lute a Helmet and Receiver to it, 
drive the Gold over as formerly in fand fcveral 
times with an iterated diitillation, the oftner the 
better, let the Gold come to be volatile more and 
more, and at laft let all come over. By this re- 
peated driving ov€"r, its fixed body is divided, all 
its Members are torn afunder and opened, and 
leaveth willingly its Soul to a fpecial Jiidge, of 
which my third Key will give fuiEcient infor- 

Note further, that after this work thofe fait 

fpirits muft be abfini^ed from the Gold, which 

was driven over, very gently in Bdmo MarU^ let 

nothing of the tincture of the Gold come over, 

that the body (uUcr net any diminution ; then 

»take thatjSold, cr rather theicCj^i-yibls of Gold, 

from wh& you have^ ieparated the water, put it 

in a Rt\^cM.ratiDg jp^n, ietit.under a Viuftie, let 

its lirfi iirc^ gentle-tor an hour, kt all its corio- 

fivenels bcr^5^kcn away, then your pow^der will be 

,of a fair iwarlc^ cdlour , as iubtile as ever was 

leen, put it lai a clean viol, pour on it frefh ipirit 

of ordinary vSalt, iirH brougtit to a fweetn(:fs,1et 

it ftand iiv a- gentle digeliion, let that fpirit be 

'deeply tin^'danO tranfparent, red like a Ruby, 

.'cant It orl, pou.ron treik, extrad again,\iterate 

jthe wori\ uf canting ^ and pouring ~oni:tiil no 

'^ ■' ■■ ' ^' more 

An Elucidation of the Xll. Ke^^u 145 
more tincture of it appeareth, put all the(e ex- 
tradions together, ieparate them in Balnco gently 
from the Sulphur of Sol^ then that powder is fub- 
tile and tender , of great worth •, this matter is 
f-ich, which in a fhort procefle rranfmuteth Lune 
in its tindlure to the higheft perfedion. acording 
to the diredion of my XII. Keys. 

He that hath fbme knowledge herein, may j 
make this quere ; whither this extradied dry Soul 
and Sulphur of the King be juii that Soul, of 
which Philofophers have this faying : the Philo- 
fophick work for the preparation of the moft 
precious ftone requireth three things, viz- a wet 
volatile Mercury, or a Mercurial fpirit, a wet vo- 
latile fulphurous Soul , and a dry aftrai Salt, 
which after its diffblution together with the two 
iirft raufi be apparent and knownina waterifli 
form i which w^ay comes that about, becaufe in 
this procelTe nothing is fpoken of any Merculrial 
fpirit and volatile Soul, but the Soul of the King 
appeared in a fubtile form of powder } The an- 
fwer hereunto I delay fo long till the Querift 
learns better to underftand the diftindlion in this 
book, and I will perform my promife, and fet his 
anxious and intangled mind at liberty, which is 
fo much troubled about this doubt, and will deal 
with him as a good father may deal with his fon ■-> 
in and with this fcope, wherein our Maftery lieth, 
have been fooled moit of the Wits, leading them 
captive in their erroneous ways, beuig led about 
in a dcfart of miilead ways, becaule in their fup- 
pofed deep wits, they had not conceived fo much 
of the manner, how all things of theworld arc 
generated, and that every fpirit muithave aSoul 
and every Soul a tit fpint, and that both fpirit and' 

I j\6 ^n Elucic^ation of the XlU ^n^ 

Soul are fpirits and fpiritual, which muft have a 
body, in which they may have a dwelling. 

Gold and Silver, but chiefly Gold is brought to 
the hii^heft Hxednefs, by fuch degrees as natqre 
did afford, infomuch its nature is found very hot 
and fiery, freed from all phkgmatick humidity, 
of which hum is not fo wholly treed, though fne 
hath obtained a fulphur-fixed degree, and iiaycth 
for the" King, to warm her cold body with his hot 
feed, which concerns the particulars, and belongs 
unto them, which in that place flnll be plainly 
demonftrated. In Gold there is no waterifli hu- 
midity at all, unlefs it were reduced again into 
Vitriol, which woidd be but an ufelcfs and un- 
profitable work, and would require huge cxpen- 
ces, in cafe the Philcfophers ftone fhould be of Vi- 
triol of Gold, of which there mull be, had great 
flore •, indeed in that Vitriol there would be 
found a convenient fpirit, which nature would 
defire, of a wliite quality, as al(o a Soul and Salt 
of a, gl or i ous e;Srence. 

Biit what Countries, Goods, Lands, have hc^n 
dilapidated this way, I wave to difcourie of only, 
this warning I give to my Difciples, nature hav- 
ing left a nearer way to keep and to imitate that, ^ 
that they alio might take heed to fall into fuch ex- 
tream and inextricable poverties. 

The fblar Mercury Sol^ being never brought fo 
far unto dellrudion, neither did the ancient Phi- 
lolophers ever make ufe of that way, as being a 
thing clean contrary un'-o nature, cpntaineth in- 
I deed an humidity, but it is a meer Elemental wa- 
terilh humidity after its dilTolutlon , and good 
f for nothing, water and other principles do not 
liand in the tkments, but the Elements reft in 


Ah Elucidation of the XU. Ke^.. 147 I 
the principles and feeds of- Metals, ot" the which 
I have fpokcn formerly. Therefore let none be 
foover witty, as to make our ftone only ot dry 
and fully digeired Gold : btcaufe its phlegmatick 
humidity is entred into a dry hxedncfs and hxed 
coagulation,which is not found (b in other Me- 
tals, though they alfo are fiibjed: to a hard coagu- 
lation and pafled through the hre, yet are not 
wholly digelted, nor brought to a full maturity 
from the natural original root , which ought to 
be taken notice of 5 and be not olfended at my 
former writings if they feem to run contrary 1 
againil this. | 

Though I have (hewed, that the Spirit, Soul, ] 
and Body come all from one Metalline eflence, 
and mufl be prepared thus, among which I held 
the Gold to be the beft,- however I dealt herein as | 
it flamed ht for aPhilofopher. the hke the ancient 
Phiiofophers have done before me , but I hope \ 
you took notice of my proteftation, that I gave f 
Ipecial caufe thereby to your Ipeculation, to take, 
the better notice of nature and her principle, and! 
to coniider the original^bccaule it was not meet tor 
me to inform all men, how the doors are bolted 
within, and efpecially at thit time, when I nevcrl 
intended to write thus plainly of thele things, 
which are hid even from the beii of men, but j 
when my heavenly Prince commanded, at the! 
changing of my mind, not to bury the imparted 
talent, but to do the IIkc to thole, whom God 1 
-thirki worthy, to leave it to tiiem. One rule i 
more I muft put to thy remembrance , of fuch 
points, which formerly Ihavefet down, of which ] 
I fpoke now, that you may the lels blaiBC me, as 
if I did refitfe thclc things now, which 1 former- 
ly wroteof. L 2 P^riife 

148 ^fi Elucidation oftheXll.Ke)$, 

Petufe all fuch which fincc the beginning of 
the world have written of Metals, you will find , 
that they were all of one mind, and that I make 
ufe of their iayings": that the iirfl: and the laft 
Metal is a Metal, becaufe the hrft Metal hath al- 

V ready obtained, and gotten the forth-going feed 

I of Metals in a Metalline quality, which doth no- 
thing elfe, but that it goeth on unceiTantly in the 
Metalline generation, as I ipoke of m the hrft 

\ and fecond part of Minerals and Metals , and 
in this part alfo I have fpoken of it in fevcral 
places. J 

' Many have called Gold Lead, and Lead they 
called Gold, becaufe it was found not only of the 
fame ponderoufneis,but becaufe three deep gliter- 
ing ftones have foleiy gotten from this Planet 

' their tranfcendent perfe^ion , and many other 
cauies befides, which to relate here, would fall too 

I long and needleis. And this is it which asketh 
wildom to di/linguifli in this and in other things, 
and exadlly to fearch into Gods myfteries, and 
natures laid before us. But man through Adams 
fall being brought to a deep blindnefs, therefore 
mens under/landing are fo eclipfed, that they can 
hardly conceive of this, and of ot:her myiHcal 
matters in nature. 

The obduration being fo great among the co- 

1 vetous, that for the moil part they fearch and dive 
into fuch myfkries out of nicer covetoufnefs , 

I pride, and ambition, made the ancient Philofo- 

' pliers upon command tk inlpiratlon of the highefl 
aim at that, as to put a certain Ihy to their hands, 

^and to write of fuch myfteries in fuch a manner, 
that unworthy men ihould not underftand it, and 

/ but worthy men only in their illumination might 


An Elucidatioa of the XII. KeyK 1 4^ 
perceive it : and writing often o^c thing, have 
mingled other among, under/landing ftill the one 
and the fame. In feveral places they {hewed,that 
the Philo(bphers ilone is, and comes from an ani- 
mal, others from a vegetable feed, and a third 
fort faith, it comes from a Mineral feed : others 
write that ftone is made of an animal, vegetable, / 
and Mineral feed together. All this is only un- V 
derfiood of the Mineral and Metalline feed, and 
confifteth not in any plurality of feeds. Hence { 
this Art grew eclipfed, infomuch that fcarce one 
among many thoiifands hardly attaineth unto * 
the knowledge thereof : and for that reafon is it 
held for an Art, becaufe not every Dunce (bould ( 
bring it into his Beetle-head, and why (hould it ? i 
For li this Art were as common as Brewing of 
Beer, and Baking of Bread, then any one may 
judge what good could be look'd for i. would not ^ 
all manner of victs be pradifed publickly without ■ 
any controlling ? i 

Tiieretore f uch men, which in their lofty mind 
are meerly for Pomp and Pride, muft be clipped 4 
in their wings, and theie things ought not to be 
put into their mouths, tilings are clear enough I 
for thefe, on whom God intends the bellowing of 
them. • / 

I return now to the thing I intended, which is 
to teach a defirous Schollar, how to proceed fur- 
ther with the extraded Soul of Gold : Truly it 
is much to difcover fach myfleries > I warn every 
one to make good ufe of them \ and note, that if 
you have the purple mantle of SoU as the fulphur 
of Sol^ then b^ thankful unto God for it, bear 
no evil mind againll thy neighbour, unlock your 
•golden fced .according to the Tenor of the 
L3 Key, 

T 5 3 ^nT. held at 10 n o\ t'.^e X U .I^rj. 

Key.tuxn it to water ', for in our Art there muft be 
Body, Soul, and Spirit, which run together in the 
innermoft root, the one layeth hold on the other 
meliorateth the lame throughout in its whole 
quality , infomuch that there is a new created 
world and earth, which afterward is illuminated 
by the Soul, and is exalted into a tranfcendent 

Therefore it is requifite that you know, how to 
infufe your golden feed into the new body, and 
to brhig it to a fluid fubftance : look about thee, 
and fee where you may find it : if you iind none, 
defpair not, but be ot good comfort, think upon 
means, and ask counfcl of god Saturn-) ho will 
not let thee go without a refolve, he will put into 
thy hand a deep glittering Miner a tor an ofrcring, 
which in his Mine is grown of the lirft matter of 
all Metals, if this Mincra after its preparation, 
which he will (hew unto thee, is fct into a frrong 
fublimation, mixed with three parts of bole, or 
tyle mealy then rifeth to the highell mount a no- 
ble fublimate, like little feathers, or alumcn plu- 
mofmn^ which m due time dilTolveth into a flrong 
and efl-eclual water, which bringeth thy (izlA m a 
little putrefadion very fuddenly into the hrft vo- 
latility, if fo be there be added to it a due quanti- 
ty of water, that it may be difTolved therein, 
there th^ twig with the bulk doth unite, that 
.phey are able toafcend above the higheli moun- 
tain, and (by inl^parably together a Soul and Spi- 
rit, or a Spirit and Soul. 

It is requihte,that you be (lored with water for 
the body or Salt to dilTolve the fame alio, and 
coagulate the fame into a new clarihed body^ 
which Vv'iil never part afundcr, neither in love 


An Elnciditi<:a of theXfl, Kejf. 1 5 1 
nor woe, kcaufc they are vi one nature, nativi' 
ty, and original, and have been fo from the be" 
ginnmg. For they all have their beginning and 
birth from the power of this volatile bird. But 
remember well that thefe Mineral fpirits are in 
other Metals alfo, and are found elfcdrual in one 
Mineral, trom whence with more eafe and lefs 
charges it may be had,: the bufii^efs is only here- 
in, that you learn to know, what this Mercurial 
Spirit, Mercurial Soul, and Afiral Salt is, that the 
one may not be taken in ftead of the other,which 
would caufe a huge crrour. You will iinde, that 
the nature of the golden fulphur confifteth only 
in all^ Metals, which are comprehended among 
the red,^ and have a fellow dominion with other 
Minerals, by reafon of the fiery tinging fpirits, 
but themagnetick power and its quality relleth in 
its: white Mercurial fpirit, which bindeth the 
Soul , and diffolveth the body , therefore the 
Ajirum of Sol is found not only in Gold, that 
with the addition of the fpirit of Mercery Siiid 
the SoUr Salt only the Philofbphers ftone could 
be made, but may in like manner be prepared 
artiticially out of Copper and Steel, two imma- 
ture Metals, both which as male and female have 
red tinging qualities, aswdlasGold'it felf, whi- 
ther the fame be taken out of one alone, or cut of 
both, being tirll entred into an Union. Befides, 
this Mineral in our Mothers tongue is a Mineral, 
called Copper water, and of broken, or digged 
Verdigreece, or Copper, there can be made a Vi- 
triol, in all which is found glorioul'iy a Soul of 
the beft Gold, and come well to pais very proht- 
ably many ways,no Country clow^n can believe it. 
Therefore note here, what you ought to obferve, 

L 4 intend 

T 5 2 An Elucidation of the XII, Ke)%. 

intend thy thoughts, and give not over,unlefs you 
be come fo iar, that you know natures myftical 
conjundrion and her dilTolution, then you will 
find, what is requifise* for you to know, and re- 
turn thanks unto thy Creator, make ufe of it for 
fiis glory, and be beneflcial to the needy. 

This white fpirit is the true Mercury of Philo- 
fophers, which bath been before me, and will be 
^iter me, without which the Philofophers ftone, 
and the great mylliery cannot be made, neither 
umvcrfally nor particularly^ much Icis a f articular 
tranfmutation. And this (pirit is the Key to the 
opening of all Metals, and their locking in again. 
This fpirit is afTociable urito all Metals, becaufe;, 
they have their defcent from its fanguinity, as you 
heard often. Fos it i:; that true prinmmmobUe^ 
fought of many thoufands, and found by few, 
and yet all the World is greedy of it, is fought 
afar off, and found near at hand, it is and moveth 
before the eyes of all men, for if this fpirit be 
fed with a Metalline Sulphur and Salt, of thefe 
three there will be one matter made, not much 
unlike to the Philofopliers great ftone, however 
duly muft it be , proceeded in, and a true procels 
from the beginning to the end muft be oblerved : 
for this corporal Salt miift be dilTolved into this 
fpirit, diffoived, tarn'd, and brought into its pri- 
ma materia^ as the fpirit himielf is : then both 
th^fc of one equal dclcent and birth by means of 
fire with coagulating of the fpirit may be gene- 
rated a third time to a firm fixation, and to a 
pure tranfparent Vv^hite clarified body, thenaiucr" 
tills acconiplifhed aH^edo the Soul, which is dif- 
foived, muii: feek for her reli: again, penetrate 
iuch a pure body, unite with the fame, and rife 


AnEhcidatton of tht XlL Ke)U . I 5 3 

heif dwelling therein, that thefe three be perma- 
nent, and ibiding conftjntly in one body eternal- 
I ly clariHed. 

And that you may be informed, how in this 
manne?: both your dilTblved feeds, as the fpirit ot 
Mercury, and the Soul cf the Gold be made again 
iix and corporeal, note th^ it is done only by tha 
proper Salt of Sul^ which in this Art is called a 
body. Now obferve here, that you take no he- 
i terogeneal thing in ftead of it. what manner of 
procefs is here nfed, read my fourth Key^ where 
the truth of it is held forth with fmgular exam- 
ples, and proofs j but you are fpecially to obferve 
(in cafe you do not underlrand that Key) this 
: plain and true information, look upon the body 
of Gold, not as if no other benefit could be reap- 
ed of it, but only his Soul ^ not fo : im^pute no 
fuch weaknefs unto that body, but after you have 
drawn forth itsSulplmr^ there Is yet in it the Salt 
of glory, and the triumphant vidrix, without 
which your fpermatick feed cannot be brought 
unto any coagvlacion. And even this Salt now, 
iof which I made Co long a difcourfe, how you 
ought to bring it out of its corporeal form 
through means of the fpir'it of Mercury into its 
prima materia, is afterward turn'd again into a 
deeply purified and exalted body. 

Therefore take your 5^/^r earth, out of which 
you drew your feeds, or the true Lio?ts bloud, and 
reduce it by reverberating to a hx'd powder, and 
' btile impalpable afnes, extrad: from thence a 
i^e^ry fubtile Salt, as bright as Ivory is, hereafter. I- 
♦V]I1 teach you in the Manuals, how the body of 
Sol is anatomized by the particulars^ and to bring 
t into a Snlpbur^SiU and Mercury, Then proceed 


unto the pradlck and conjun<5lion5 and have a 
care, that you be provident therein, that at their 
-conjundlion you do not too much to tlie one, nor 
.too little to the other, take notice of the quanti- 
ty, and obferve exadly the divifion of the feeds, 
hereunto minifter a certain meafure, and mark 
my fixth Kcy^ then pfoceed in the begun pro- 
eels, according to the order of the leventh, 
eighth, ninth, and tenth Kcfs^ as formerly I had 
informed you about it , go on with it to the 
appe'arance of the Kings honour and i^lory, to 
his higheit purple garment, and pure god:n 
piece, is called the triumphing Lord and Conque- 
rour over all his fubjeds, tram the Eali to the 
Weft h which if you have attained unto them re- 
turn thanks to God, be fervent in praying, be 
mindful of the poor, be a ftudent unto Ibbriety, 
temperance; abftinence, and above all unto taci- 
turnity ; for it is the greatell and raolr hainous fin, 
to let unworthy men l^now of it. 

The augmentation of this heavenly l^one, as 
alfothe fermentation is needlefs to be fpoken of in 
that place,'as being deicdbed in my two kft Kcys^ 
Scheld forth to the fall,not doubting if God grants 
fo much b]e{sing,and imparteth thisitone,thc fenfe 
of thefe two Keys will be more conceived ot : for 
no heterogencal things muft be brought to our 
Metalline iubrtance,neither at the bcginning,mid- 
dle, or end, but the Mercurial ipirit, and the di- 
gelied Medicine, fpoken of in my eleventh Key* 

To be further as good as I promled, concern- 
ing other things, quoted in my Keys^ know ye, 
that no Philofopher is tied wholly unto the Me- 
tal of Gold, of which I (poke largely hitherto, 
and difcribed the true fundamentals thereof, and 


An L lucid.itic^ of the XIL Ke^S. 1 5 5 

syou heard afore, the whole myftery lit th here' 
n, viz» in the tinging of red iiery (pirits of Me" 
alline Souls, and all what is tinged red, and i^ 
[nown to have a fierced fulpiiur, all fuch are kind 

the Solar Aiimm^ and when the Mercurial 
pirit is joyned with, then the proceedings may 
^0 on Vniverfalitcr and Farticulariter^ that a tin- 
^ure be obtaned from them , whereby Metals 
.nd vulgar Mercury can be exalted, and be order- 
d according to the tenor of the procefs. 

Such Souls and goldifh Sulphurs are found 

noft elfedual in Mars and Fer'us-i as alfb in Vity'i- 

/, and both Venus and Mars can be reduced into 

moft etfedual Vitriol^ in which Metalline Vitri- 

1 afterward all the three principles^ as Mercury^ 
Uilphur^ and Salt are found under one heaven, 
nd with little pains and (hort time each can be 
aken out of it apart, as you (hall hear, when I 
hall make further relation of the Mineral Vitriol^ 
vhich is digged in Hungary-, of a high gradation, 
slow if you have wit and underftanding, and art 
nclined and heartily defireth to conceive of the 
rue meaning of my iC^yx, --and of my other writ- 
ig?, thereby to unlock ithe locks of Metalstor our 
:ore, then you (hould have taken notice and ob- 
srved, that in all thefe I have written not only 

" the Metal of Sol-, of its Sulphur and Salp^ but 
have interlined and mingled alfo, and made 
'nifrrmal other red Metals, from whence may 
ba^the myftical.Ma'lery : therefore men ought 
itarate often the reading of Philofophick 
ooks, . then a true fenfe and meaning may be 
rawn from them, which without divine illumi- 
ation cannot be neither, &c. 
: But hoping that thofc;, who are fully and reaU 

1 5 5 u4ri Elucidation cf the XU , Ke^jU 
ly rclolvcd to incline thtir hearts unto vvifclom 
will give more attention thereunto, than th 
other mad worldlings, tor whom thefe my writ 
ings were not intended : for I (poke as plainly a 
ever polsibly I could, and this kindled light fhal 
further be purihcd, (o that true and imcere Novi 
CCS may have a full light withent an cclipfe fron: 
th^ir beginning to their ending. To which enc 
1 took thefe pains to difclofe that, which all th( 
World was filent in, and concealed it to thci; 
laft end, and buried ii m iiknce to their ver^ 

The fcope I aimed ai; in fo doing, was not tc 
bunt after any vani glory, but rather, that God 
gracious-provident goodncfs might be held torth 
unto pofterJty, that the future ages might become 
feeing, and (bme of the poikrities ey^s might be 
kept open, and be helpful unto their needy fellow 
Artiil, and make them partakers of Gods graces 
and gifts. Though my mi*nd be mightily per- 
plexed, when I think on what I have done, be- 
cauie I write (o plainly, not knowing into whofe 
hands after my departure thefe my writings may 
come : However, I hope, let them be what they 
will, that they will remember, and lay to heart 
my faithful writings inlerted in my former and 
thefe pre'fent writings, that they deal with this 
book, and ufe itfo, tnat they may 'give g.ox)d ac 
compt for it to Almighty God. 

Touching further the Vitno}^ I fi-iould make 
mention ot it in my Manuals, where I treat and 
write generally of Minerals \ But it being fuch a; 
tiugular Mineral, whofe f.dlovv whole nature doth 
norproduce, befides, Vitjriol beTore all others is of 
-rcat afiinitv unto Metals; and is next kin unto 


An Blucidatkn of the Xli. Ky. I 57 

them, for out of all Metals there can be made a 

Vieriol, or Chryftal (Chryftal and Vitriol is taken 

for one) therefore I would not bereave it of its 

own praile, and put its commendation too far 

bff, but rather preferr it, as there is juil caufe, bc- 

'!" fore other Miner als^ and the iirft place, next to 

'Metals (hould be given unto it , for f fetting 

"^ afide all Metals and Mincralsj this' is fufiident to 

'^ make thePhilolophcrs fione of it, which no other 

"l* in the World can do the like, though feme 

'' panicularitcr are a help to firther that worki, and 

•^ Antimony alone is a iufficient Mailer hereunto, as 

in its due place more (hall be fpoken of. However 

5 none is thus much dignitied in'its worthine{s,that 

"' the faid Philolophick Hone could be made of it as 

''' this Vitriol is. Therefore ancient Philofbphcrs 

^^ nave concealed this Mineral as much as ever they 

^ :ould, and would not reveal the fame to their 

'^' Dwn Children,that they (hould not divulge it in 

he World, but be kept fecret, though they pub-i 

(lied, that fuch preparation is made out of one 

hing, and out of one body, which hath the na- 

ure of Sol and Lji^e^ and containeth alfo the 

Mercury, vf herein they faid true enough, becaufe 

t-is Co. But here I mull admonifh you, that you 

'-^ nay turn this argument, and fettle your thoughts 

vholly upon Metalline Vitriols, becaufe I intruft- 

d you, that out cf Venus and Mars there can be 

lade an excellent Vitriol , wherein are found 

le three principles for the generation .of our 

one , but you mull further note alio, that 

cverthelefs thefe three Metals, as 5pirir/^,. ^;ii- 

:j, Corpus are buried and hid in a Mineral 

itriol, as in a Mineral it.fclf. - Uudcriland 

'^^ lis according to the diftin(5t mtures of Vitriol. 




15'^ ^n Elucidation of the XII, Kejs. 
For the beft, which accoirding to my experien 
fliewed it (elf moll: efFedual , herein is tha 
which is broken, and digged in Hungary^ oi 
very deep degree of tindare, not very unlike ui 
to a fair blue Saphivj having very little of hum 
ditics, and other additional, or ftrange Oar^ 
the oftner it is dilTolved and coagulated, the mo. 
is it exalted in its deep tinging colour, and is b 
held with great admiration. 

This high graduated Vitriol is found crude i 
thofe places, where Gold, Copper, Iron, is broke 
and digg'd, and is abundantly trajifported froi 
thence into forraign parts, infomneh that fom( 
times there is great fcantnefs of it in thofe part 
and elfewhere. 

Though the vulgar people can afford no bettt 
name to it, calling it only d. Copper-iv ater^ how 
ever, ancient Philophers by reafon of its ur 
fpeakable vertue and dignity cxtolPd it, an 
call'd it Vitriolmn^ for that reafon, bccaufe its fp; 
ritual Oyl containeth all the three principles ot a 
the triumphing qualities. 

If you get fuch .deep graduated and well pre 
pared Mineral, called Vitriol^ then pray to Go 
tor underftanding and wifdom for yo^r intentioi 
and after you have calcined it, put it into a we^ 
coated Retort, drjvc it gently at hril, then in 
creafe the hrc, there comes in the fei-m of a whit 
fpirit of vitriol in the manner of a horrid fum( 
or v/ind, and cometh into the Receiver as long a 
it hath any fuch material in it. And note, tha 
in this wind are invilibly hid all the tbne princi 
Jflesy and ^le together out of that dwellmg 
therefore i^H^^^ necclTary, tofeek and fearch al 



An EIuctdatiGu of the XII. Ky. 1 59 

ways in precious things, becaufe by this means 
there is a nearer way open unto nature's myfte- 
ries, and is held forth to all Tuch,' which are able 
to conceive of Art and VVifdom. 
' Now it you feparate and free this expeli'd 
fpirit well and purely per modum dijiillatioriyf', 
from its* earthly humidity, then in the bottom of 
ij the glafs you .will find the treafure, and funda- 
mentals of all the Philofophers, and yet known 
to few, which is a red Oyl ^ as ponderous in -f— 
weight, as ever any Lead, or Gold may be, as 
thick as bloud, oi a burning fiery quality, which 
is that true fluid Gold of Philofophers, which 
nature drove together from-the three principles, 
wherein is found a fpirit, foul, and body, and is 
that pbilof)phick^ Gold^ (aving one, which is its 
dilTolution, during the fire, and not iubjed to any 
corruptiblenefs, elfc it flieth away with Body and 
Soul, for neither water nor earth can do it any 
hurt, becaufe it receiveth its firll birth and begin- 
i'P' ning from a heavenly water, which in due time is 
cii poured down upon the earth. 

In thefe. together driven goldifh waters lieth 
hid that true bird and Eagle^ the King with his 
heavenly Splendor together with its clarified Salty 
.tia which three you find (hut up in this one thing 
and golden property, and from thence you will 
get all that, which you have need of for your in- 

Therefore Tet that golden body you have ob- 
tained, which in dignity and vertue is exalted be- 
yond all other Gold, into its due and lawful difTc* 
lution, Its due time, then the Angel of the high- 
cit will appear unto thee, and tell thee that it is 
the Sefoiier of all the myfteries in the World, re- 



^ ceive 

1^0 An Elucidation of the Xll, ICejs. 
ccive it with joy and keep it fafe, for ic quality is 
niore heavenly than carth'y, therefore doth it 
Jieaftily indine'to ftrive after that, which is above, 
from whence it had its Original. 

If you have feparated 'this Prophet from his 
matter which remained, then you neec^not to 
undertake any further procef^;, you were taught 
faraholicaliy in my XII. Keys. For even in his 
remaining formal fiibllance you may hnd, and ex- 
pet^ from thence a pure immortal Soul, together 
wath the glory of the Salt, both which are ob- 
tained by means of the fpirit, and muft be had 
from thence, and no impure, or contrary thing 
mull: be added thereunto. And it is done in the 
fame manner as I told you in my itCcj'/, with the 
Soul and Mt of the Gold by the faturnal water, 
in whofe^lace this fpiritual Mercurial fpirit 
might be ufed with better advantage. 

Obferve only this di/ierence, that the Salt muft 
be drawn forth from the Mercurial body, as it 
hapncd unto the Soul, with the fpirit of. Mercu- 
ry > whereas on the other fide the Salt of Gold 
muft not be drawn forth with the faturnal-water, 
becaufe it is too weak for the body of Gold, but 
with a water, which hath been exprelTed in the 
defcription of partimlars* 

This diltindtion muft be exacflly obfervM, be- 
ing of great concernment , becaufe .the Salt ot 
Vitriol is not fj itrongly guarded, and is not in fo 
^ix'd a body, as the Gold is, but is ftill an open 
body, which faw no coagulation as yet, nor pal- 
led it through any melting tire, therefore that bo- 
dy never came as yet to any compadnels, ti-cre 
is room left for its ovvn fpirit to enter inco^ ^ -i 
embrace, and unit; with its liKe^ and a iuu.^^ 


An Elmidation of th^ X fl. KeyU 1 6 1 

white cxtradion of Salt may be had, whereas en 
the other fide a fliarper matter mult penetrate 
Gold, as you (liall hear, when I fnall fpeak iiiore 
of it in its due place. 

Behold now, my friend, whatfoever thou art, 
what mind I bear towards thee, and how I am 
aifeded unto thee in my heart, the like I never 
durft look for from thee. Confider it vvell, how 
fnicerely and faithfully I difclo(e unto thee all thy 
locks and bonds, whereby the whole Philolbphick 
wifdome is (hut up, which hitherto never entrcd 
into any mans thoughts, much lels that ever it 
was pradifed, or difcovered i and* nothing caufed 
me to dolt, but only Gods infinite mercy, my 
good will and love toward my Neighbour, which 
my PredecefTors have not done io compleatly, and 
was put off unto me to do it. 

Having thus feparated your three Mineral bo- 
dies, and ordered them into certaui divilions, and 
put away the dreg?, wherein they lie hid, then 
look to it, that you negled none of it, by the di- 
minifhing of the quantity, which would prove a 
great fault to your vv^ork,and l^eep each in its own 
' and due quantity, otherwife in your work you 
cannot come to a happy end. 

This is the thrift which ib many have mified, 
md, have writen great volumes about it: for all 
^hat cometh from our Philoiophick Gold, and 
iiath divided it (elf into three parts, the fame 
null be brought into one, without any lois and 
liminutiun, which is to enter into a new form 
igain, and become a meliorated iubftance, and 
lothing of it muft be done away, but only the 
eccj terr£ in which the glorious Salt had its 
Iwelling, Therefore do that I told you of, an 1 

M joy a 

t6t Jn Eluclaation of the XfU Knf, 

joyn the fpirit with the body, bring the body alfo ■ 
into a fpirit, dilTolve and exalt it into the highelt 
fpi ritual power, in that diflblution the body 
turns to a fpirit, and the Ipirit with the body . 
uniteth and joyneth into one fubftance, that after 
the exchanging of all manner of colours, there ' 
cometh a white body like fnow, tranfcending all 
whitenelTcs. This is the greatcft myilery ot this 
world, about which amoiig the learned and fup- ' 
poied wits, fuch dii'putings in the world have 
been, that a palpable thing , and a vifible one 
could be reduced into its prim^t materia^ and out 
of that may be tnade again a new clarified and 
better fubftance, by the bountiful nature leading 
the way thereunto. 

Thus you have made aud brought into the 
world the ^^en of Honour^ and the hrif bcm 
daughter .ot Pmlofophers , which after her due 
pertedion is called the white Elixir^ of which 
great volumes are extant. Having brought your 
work thus far, then you have defervcd to be re-1 
ceivcd nito the lurha of Philofophers, and you 
get more Art, Wifdom, and Underfuanding than 
all Sophilters , which prate much -of thele my- 
(hcal things, and yet know not the leaft thing of 
it. Therefore it is juft that you fhould be pre- - 
fcrred before them, and let them fit below thee 
in fhame and difgrace, and in their darkncfs of* 
mifunderfianding, io fong till nature doth en-^ • 
lighten them alio. 

That you may bring and lead that new Philcn. 
fophick Creature by the means nature afforded, 
unto the highetl perfedion , after which youJ 
heart with all her endeavours doth llrivc, then 
remcmbei tliit neither man nor bealt without a 


^n Elucidation of the XU, ^e^s. 1 6 j 
living Soul can neither (iir nor move : and as 
man here in this life, through temporal death 
loTeth his Soul, offering the fame again unto the 
Almighty God, from whom he had it hril, into 
his mercy and merits of Jcfm Chriji^ where after 
the departure of the Soul the dwelling, as the 
body of it, is left quite dead, which is buried in 
the ground, V;here it rotteth, and mull leturii 
unto duft aixl afhes, being a due reward, which 
the fall of our hrft parents in Paradife have de- 
ferved, and from them, as by an inheritance is 
falPd upon us : after which putretadion there 
are raifcd again on the^rcat day new and clarih- 
ed bodies, and the departed Soul taketh her dwel- 
ling up again in that new body \ after tliat, there 
is no more parting of body nor fpirit, nor foul : 
but Ixcaufc the Soul hading a clariried body, then 
with the (amc flie maketh an cverlailing Union, 
which neither DtvW nor Death can deftroy, nor 
disjoyn any more, nor briug it into any corrupti- 
on, but from henceforth info all eternity we are 
and ihall be like unto the bcli Creatures of God, 
which before our mortality and departure of the 
(pirit, of the foul and body could never be, God 
help and grant unto us all a blefftd refurrcdtion. 

This high and mighty example having its 
foundation , not in humane thoughts, v/it, or 
pride, nor in an ungrounded prating but in the 
great Creamtr's true word, whi^h he hath re- 
vealed unto us through his lervant and holy Pro- 
phet Mofesj doth inform you, what you ought to 
do further with your new begotten Creature, that 
you may get a perfedt birth without any defedr, 
to the praile of the Highell:, the Father of lights 

M 2 and 

I (J4 ^n Elucidation of the XIUK ys, 

and mercy, from whom we receive all perfect 
gitts whicn he gracioully befloweth on his Chil- 
dren, for which we are not able to return fuffici- 
cnt thanks unto him. 

Now if you will proceed well in your work, 
then joyn the new body with his Soul, which you 
formeilydrc-w frqm, that the compound in its 
vertue be compleat , and there be apparent in the 
end a flMfu'im prfeBion o^ it : then is begot- 
ten the Kid Kirig of glory in a iiery fubilancc, 
and higliiy c arlhcd body, exalted above all pow- 
ers upon earth, from thbice (pringeth the golden 
fountain, he that thinketh of it is renewed in all 
his Members, and .there rifn wholly a new life : 
for the which God be praifed for ever more. 

The augmentation of this huge treafure toge- 
ther with the fermentation thereof, for the trani- 
mutation of Metals doubtkfs you have taken no- 
tice of exadly afore , where I wrote of Gold 
how it mull be handled, and what direction I 
have given you, thei^unto, the fame you mull: ob- 
fer-, for here is all one procefs from the middle to 
the end, the beginning only asketh alteration, by 
reafon of the two dillind matters : fcr the 
which God be praifcd whom we beleech, to give 
ushisgrace and blcfsing, that we may make good 
life of this treafure, and after this life we may 
enter into the heavenly Kmgdome.. 

The love to my Neighbour hath moved me to 
write of thefe things, whicfi in my long experi- 
ence I found to be true, following the ftepsof^ 
bountiful nature, which made me a £ooth-iayer 
in natural tnings, and I am ailured, that if thelc 
my w^ritings are made publick after my death, 
and my other books fliaringin the fame fortune, 


An Eludditi:a of theXlI, 7<e)f. 1 6 5 
they muri: undergo many cenftires. For fonie 
will cxtreamly condemn me, delivering me- unto 
Satan, becaufe I have written fo plamly : Others 
there will be, which will q..ite overthrow my 
writings, crying them out to be Lies, Superrtiti- 
on, and Diabolical works, the like cenfure other 
illuminated men before me have undergone, 
which they feel to this day s for men are fo in- 
credulous in the(e points, that fo mighty an ope- 
ration Ihould be found againft all manner of in- 
firmities, befidesthe tranfmutation of Metals in 
lb defpicable a matter, (over which the Iron 'Mjh 
with hi's efpoufed Wife Venuf^ together wi^h the 
deep glittering Sol-) is, and mult have the predo- 
minancy) and with incredible profit it fhould by 
Art be /brought to (uch perfedion. The Art great, and the matter fo contemptible, it 
procureth tiie more doL;bt and unbelief: thefe 
unbelieving men I let underftand only thisnota-, 
ble example, whereby the eyes of thofe, that arc 
•going unto Emim^ (hall be opened, and thereby 
ihall acknowledge that I have written no un- 
truth, but dilclofed fuch a truth very plainly. 
And note, that the ancient Pnilofophcrs endea- 
voured to dclcribc the preparation of the ttone 
under a notion of diltilling oi wine and the (pi-' 
rit thereof, which in their work are almoft like 
one to another. For i. they taiighc out of the 
beft wine to make a fpirit, without anyftrange 
f>hlegme,. which to this day among vulgar Ar- 
tiils muft be, and is called the right and true my- 
ftlcal fpirit of wine , wticreas it may foon be 
proved, that this Cippoled fpirit of wine con- 
taincth much inyifi jle humidity, or phlegme, in 
an inf-nfible mann.r, which is nociiing cKe, 

M 3 but 

1 <5 ^^Elucidation of the XII, Krf. 
but its vegetable Mercury : for the fiery fpirit of 
wine is the true fire and foul cf the wiiie. Every 
Sulphur containcth fccrctly its original and prin- 
cipal Mercury : Vegetables in their kind , the 
An-mils in their kind, and the Minerals alfo after 
their Kind. 2. They taught how this fpirit of 
wine mull be fcparated in two dilrindt parts, 
namely, that this fpirit of wine be poured upon ' 
white calcined tartar, and be drawn over in a 
gentle diftillatlon. In this diftillation is fepara- 
ted the fecret and true fpirit of wine from its 
Vegetable Mercury, as I faithfully infonr^ed you 
inj my Manuals. From the remaining earth 
they taught a Salt be drawn, to be added to the 
xc(fljhed fpirit, whereby it is fortified and 
ftrengthned in its fubftance, and at laft the Philo- 
fophers ftone (hould be generated. It is mighti- 
ly againft Gods ordlnance^that a Vegetable (hould 
produce an Animal, or an Animal produce a Mi- 
neral. By way of a parable, the pradick part is 
held forth under the notion of this preparation. 
Now as they taught of the wine, fo in like man- 
ner alfo by a (hort way m.ay our Gold be prepa- 
red, Tnot the ufual and common Gold) and may 
be diffolved, divided, feparatcd, and brought into 
its firfl principle. 

But you mull note, that this dilfolution and fe- 
paration was never defcribed plainly by any of 
the ancient Philoiophers which lived before me, 
and knew the hUzijienum^ why I do it, the love 
to my Neighbour hath moved me thereunto, 
which I bear trom the Center of iTiy heart to all 
thofe, which overcome this myiiery without 
faldiood, and fnunning vices with a taithful 
heart, in a knawlcdge and real piety. In 


An Elticidatioa of theXlJ. Ke)t. 1 6y 
the firfi: place be inform'd^that our Gold ffomuch 
fpoken of hitherto) mult never be taken tor fuch 
Gold by any of our Difciples, which hath been 
melted, and fully digefted by nature, for herein 
ftich errour is committed , that men dilapidate 
all what they have^ and loofe.both the beginning 
and end of all their works. Although not only 
from Gold, but from other Metals alfo this C/e- 
nodium^ and Jewel may be had, in the preparati- 
on ot it, particMhripcr much protit and advan* 
tage may be gotten in that, which concernetU 
mans health, as hath been formerly told > how- 
ever, without the fpirit of Mercury the Vnivev'^ 
fd of the World to be gotten meerly from the 
body of Sok is impolsible, and will be impoGi- 
ble, unlels the Creatour of all things produce 
another ordinance, to change aj;id alter his Crea- 
ture after his own will. But as that is impolsi- 
. ble, fo it is impofsible alfo, to deal againft Gods 
Creature in.rhat kind, as to find out that whole- 
• feme prolit, which to your longing defire you 
expe6b. You may believe it for a truth,as Chritt 
himfelf is , that the Philolbpher's (lone would 
not be fo ftrange, rare, and unknown a thing, it 
would be common to Kings and Potentates, if 
God would permit it to be made of Gold alone> 
and the three Jewels of intinite fixed vertues hid 
therein, could be had oUt of it ! 

My intent is not in this prelent Treatife to u(c 
any prolixity in writing i, thofe that are not quite 
blinde, and have their eyes open, have enougn al- 
ready to attain unto real knowledge, and com- 
mand both his mind and hands, not to pats by 
the weightieit, and eileem high things tiiac arc 
utworcay, and to tali wich the blind iiuo the pit, 
M ^ made. 

I<8 Jnrluc''daUfino\th(XJLKe\i, 

made for them. To uhofe that are real in their 
detirc tor to attain unto art and vvifdom, and in- 
tend to proii,ate the fame without fophiftication, 
and dcfire in reality to glory in that honourable ■ 
truth, you may fhcw a real proof of it in this 

I tell thee really for the higheft truth, that you 
miy difTolve onr GjU^ naturally driven together, 
inafliort way, to bring it to its primufiMcria^ 
and is done thus : take the known Mineral Spi- 
rit, hi which our Mercury^ Su'pbur^ and Sxt is 
(hut up , containing that Philofophick myiVical 
Gold, pour that gtitt^u-?: upon white calcined 
tartar, ti\de two contrary quaiiried nutters will 
be tiising, let them ft^j together till their con- 
tention and ftrite be ended, and our Gold hide it 
felt invifibly in t^e vegetable 5j/^iZ6T£, or in the 
belly (i tartar : lute a Helmet to it, diitil it at 
iirit gently in Bili.i , then increafe your lire, then 
He,m:s his volatile bird will tly away trom our 
Gold in ti^jat fnAi nation^ and lit on thehigheft 
pinnacles of the Temple, looking about Avhich 
way to betake himfelf, but foon is catch'd in the 
Hecciur. which niult be pure and very dry : when 
yo 1 fee ihhis flight is but llovv, then take'the glais 
out ot the B .7;f)', fet it in alhes, increaie your hre, 
then will (he tiy more nimbly, keep that lire fo 
long till all is come over, and her brother the 
Hed Vragoji:,' hiding his rednefs under a red co- 
lour in a whiti(h fum.e, will begin to fellow after 
his i'!y lag brother. Then ceafe with the hre, the 
drops bJng .11 talln from the Helmet, t^ke it orf^ 
that 'Abich you hnd in the Kecciicr^ you a*c to 
ke. p LvS a treaft re of myikri'es. In this manner 
you iuvc gotten wifdomc, underibnding, »nu 

^nLlucidation of xh XlJXe)U ^ ^^ 

skill, the fLmdamentals alfo and defires of Philo- 
sophers : by this {hart witty proof you learn and 
get that knowledge, how tliis water may be 
(ought after, found, and lighted on, and is not tO 
be efteemed a common water, but is that real in- 
fallible k'ji't;i/y n^^fcr, of which at the beginning 
I have written, and repeated the lame theoftner> 
which in a Spiritual manner from the heavens 
fjTVCr is poured dovvn upon earth, beginneth and 
accompliflieth the generation, of all Mctajs, for 
that reafon the ancient Philofophers call'd this 
water Mercury^ but 1 call it the Sfirit of Mer^ 

Now if you proceed right in this work, and 
you know what food and what drink to give to 
this bird, viz* Sulphur and Salt of Metal, then 
you may attain unto tlje end of the great work, ' 
which is almoft like unto the Philofophers great 
work, and you may get profit infinitely ^jrticn- 
lariter many ways •, you muft note, that this is not 
the true Philofophick diiTolution, but only one, 
which parliculariter performeth firange matters, 
and is a jpccnlum^ in which our Mercury, our 5^/, 
and our Lurte is (eenhleaking, which is a prefent 
coriuting of unbelie^vmg "Ibomzfes^ diicovering 
the blinduLls of ignorant nien. The diiTolution 
of the three principles I have dtfcribed unto you 
formerly, which is of a flower pace, requiring 
time and -patience, and an exad: attention to 
make, or hx'm^'thne into .9;/e, which work is done 
in itfelf per je^ without mixing of anyheterogc-' 
neal matter, only that which lycth hid in it, muft 
do it . For the t ountain oi (alvation is the illumi- 
nation of the Soul, and the Silt of the clarified 
body, are all in that one thing, exiifeut from one^ 

tyo jin Elucidation cf the XI f, Ke^U 
iwn^ or thrce-y which mail be brought and redu^ 
ccd to one-, which is the golden vcrtue of all Me- 
tals, exalted above all pc^wcrs, together with the 
£j2;/eand white body, which are no where toge^ 
ther, but only in this one are found, and in that 
which is next kin unto it, which knowing Phi- 
lofophers always held in great efteem, but igno- 
rant and blind men deipilid and difgraced the 
fame. But thoie, whofe eyes are once opened, 
love to flick unto much, covet to hide the matter 
froiTi wicked men, and ftudy day and nifhthow 
the ignorant might be kept from it. Thys I clofc 
this third part. 

And before I begin the fourth part*, concerning 
Tarticidaria^ I mufl: needs fpeak fomething of the 
Philofophers Vitriol^ Sulphur^ and Magnet. 

My friend, you mull npte, that this defcription 
I make now of the ciTence of Vitriol rcileth on- 
ly upon t jials made, the vidf orious triumph o f 
the higheil wifdome came by inheritance trom 
the mod ancient Philofophers unto me, and 
comes now unto thee, wherein experimentally 
it's found, that there is a fubterranean Miner d 
Sah^cdWcd Vitriol, which, for dying of Cloaths, 
and many other ufes, men cannot well pofsibly be 
without it, for it carrieth on and eateth through, 
by reafon of its (harpnefs, which is diftindl from 
other Salts, in refped of their qualities : fcr the 
Mineral oi^ this Salt is ftrangc, of a Very hot and 
iiery quality, as apparent in its' fpirit, and con- 
taineth a twcfold fpirit, whith is miraculum na- 
iur£^ and is not found the like in other Salts \ and 
this Salt is an Hermjpbrodlte among other Salts, it , - 
is white jnd red, even as you will have it, it hath 
aa extraordinary mwdicinal quality, pertorming 


AnrJucid&tionof theXlLKfy. 171 

:hings in an incredible manner. This Saltc on- 
:uineth a cOmbulliblc Sulphur^ which is not m 
}ther Salts. Therefore in Metalline aifairs touch- 
ng their tranfmutation, it performeth more thafi 
Dthers, becaufe it hjpeth not onely to open fomc, 
)uc helpcth the generation of othei;?, by rcafon 
:)f its innate heat. When Vitriol is feparated by 
neans of Hre, then its fpirit at iirft comes in a 
tvhite form, after that there com.cs from its 
;arth a spirit of a red condition, fraying in the 
^arth, the Salt being united with its expell'd Mer- 
:ury and Sulphur, can (harpen them : the remxain- 
der that fiayeth behind, is a dead earth, of no 
efficacy. Let this fufficc for* your learning, and 
:oniidLr well what the Creator holds forth unto 
thee, ni nature by this now Kindled ternarie : for 
iS you find in Vitriols body three diftind things, 
as Spirit, Oyl, and Salt, even fo you may expe<fi 
From its own ipirit again (which without the 
nriingling of its Oyl, is driven from its matter J 
:hree diltindf things, evai as you did formerly 
from the body of Vitriol, which deferveth very 
well the name of Spccujum fafientids phyfie£^ 
leld forth purpofcly to man to view himfelt. 
For if you can ieparate this fpirit of Vitriol as it 
^ught, then that affords again unto you. three 
"yrincipks^ out of which only, without any othet 
iddition, fince the beginning of the w^orld the 
Philofophers Itone hath been "made : from that 
,'ou have to exped: again a fpirit of a white form, 
mOyl of red qualiry, after thefe two a Chriftal- 
ine Salt, thcfe three being duly joyned in their 
oerfedion, generate no iefs than the Philofophers 
^rcat fione -, for that white fpirit is meerly the 
.^hiloibpiiers Mercury, the j:ed Oyl is the Soul, 



and the Salt is that true Mignetick body, as I told 
you form-rly. As from the fpiritot Vitriol is; 
brought to li^ht the red and white tind;jre, fb 
from its Oyl there is made l^enm her tin&urc^ and 
in the Center they are much diitincl araiidLr, 
though they dwell in one body , porieising 
one Iodide : it matters not, tor the will ot" the. 
Creator was fo, to hide that myilery from unwor- 
thy inen : obferve and coniider it well, if fo bei 
you intend to be a true follower of Philolophcrsv( 
In this knowledge lyeth hid an irrecoverable er-^ 
i"oiir,worldly wits cannot conceive of it, that the 
(pirir of Vitiiol, and the remaining Oyl fliould 
be of (b great dilhndion \n their vertue. Touch- 
ing their properties, the fpirit being well diifolv- 
cd, and brought into its three principles^ Gold 
and Silver only can be made by it, and out of its 
Oyl only Copper, which will be apparent in a 
proof made. The condition of the fpirit of 
Vitriol, and its remaining Oyl is this, that where 
there is Copper and I^o^/, the S oLir [ccd commonly 
. is not far, and again where there is feed 
of Gold at hand, Copper and Iron is not far from 
it, by reafon of its ata-adfive Mag»ietick quality 
and love, which they, as tinging fpirits in a viffble o 
manner continually bear one to another. There- 
fore Fen'is and M:irs 'are penetrated and tinged 
with 'the (upcrabounding tindture of- Gold, and 
in them there isfownd much more the rot of the 
rcdnnClmx, than i;i Gold it fclf, as I made further 
relation of it in my other books, unto which 
there belon>^ah alfo the Miner a of l^itriol^ which |i 
goeth beyond thcfe ni many degrees, becaufe its 
ipiritis m:er Go'. i and rupcd')^ a crude indigeited 
undure, and in verv^ truth (as Goi him-|i 


An Elucid ^t'cn of the XIL Kejs. 173 

fclf is*) is indeed not found otherwilc- 

But this (pirit, as you heard, muft be divided 
into certain dil)ind: parts, as into a fpirit, foul, 
and body, the (pirit is. the Philoibphick water, 
which though vihbly parted afunder, yet can ne- 
ver be fcparated radio aly^ (btcaufe of their un- 
avoidable affinity they bear, and have one to anor 
therj as it appeareth plainly, when afterward 
they are joyned, the one in their mixture cm- 
biaceth the other, even as a Magnet draweth 
Iron, but in a meliorated elTence , better than 
they had before their difToImtion. This is the 
thrift, beginning, middle, and end of the total 
l?hilofophick vvifdome, aMording riches and 
health, and a long lite ^ it may rather be fii, 
md really proved, tint this fpiiit is the ellence 
Df Vitriol^ bvcaufe this Spirit and Oyl do diiier fo 
rnuch, and were never united radically, becaufe 
:he Oyl cometh after the the fpiiit. eacii can be 
received apart : This fiery fpirit may rather and 
Tiore fitly be called an eilence, iuiphur, and fub- 
llane-e of Gold, and it is (b, though it lyeth lurk- 
; I ng in Virriol as a fpirit. 

This golden water, or fpirit drawn from Vitri- 
)1, contains again a fulphur anclMagnct, its liil- 
hur is the aninti^ an incombiiftible hre, the Mag- 
let is its own Salt, which in the conjundlion at- 
radreth its Sulpluir and Mercury, uniteth with 
he fame, and are infeparable Compjinions. Firit 
in a gentle heat is dilfolved the undigefted Mer- 
urialipirit, by this is further cxcractcd, after a 
vlagnetick quality , the jklpbuiConf ai:hnj , in 
iat"earth Itickcth the Salt, waicii is extradted 
:lfo in a Magnetick way by ihc Mercuriai fpirit, fo 
ill the one is a Ma2,ncc unto the otnei, h^^aring a 

174 -^^ Elucidation of the XI T. Ke)S, 
Magnetick love one to another, as fuchthlngsf 
where the lali together \\'ith the mtdiuyn is drawn 
forth by the ^irfr, and arc thereby generated, and 
thus take their beginning. In this feparation 
and dilTokition the Spirit, or Mercury is the firft 
Magnet, (hewing its Magnetick Vertiie toward 
the Sulphur and Soul, which it quafi Magnes at- 
tradteth, this fpirit per modum diftiilatimis being 
abfolvcd and freed, flieweth again its Magnetick 
power toward the fait, which it attradleth from 
the dead earth •> after tliQ Cpint is Separated from 
it, then the Salt appeareth in its purity ^ i^ that 
procefs be ftirther followed, and after a true or- 
der and meafure the conjunction be undertaken, 
and the Spirit and Salt be fet together into the 
Philofophick furnace, then it appears again,how 
the heavenly fpirit flriveth in a Magnetick way 
to attradits own Salt, it di/folveth the famej 
within XL. days, bringeth it to an uniform wa-^ 
ter with it felf, even as the Salt hath been before 
its coagulation. In that defrruction anddiiTo- 
Iution appeareth the hugefc blacknefs and Eclipfe^i 
and darKnefs of the earth, that ever was feen. 
But in the exchange thereof a bright glittering 
whitenefs appearing, then the cafe is altered, and j 
the diffolved Ruid waterifh Salt turns into a Mag- 
net > tor in that dilTolution it laycth hold on \tr p^ 
own fpirit, which is the fpirit of Mercury, at- 
tradfeth the fame powerfully like a Magnet, hid- 
ing it under a form ot a dry clear body, bru^g-' 
ing the lame by way of uniting intp a deep coarj 
guiation and hrmlixednels by means of aconti-f 
nuedhre, and the certain dcgra:s' thereof. ■ 

TiiC King with the white Crown being thur 
generated, and by exiccation of all humidities 



An Elucidation of the XII. j^^js. 175 

"being brought to a fixed frate, then is it nothing 
clfe, but earth and water, though the other Ele- 
■ments be hid therein inicnlibly •, ihowever, both 
thefc keep the predoniinance, though the fpirit 
turn to earth, and can never be feen in a watcr^f 
form, and this double new bom bodyabideth 
ftill in its Magnetick quah'ty , for ss Toon as itsde* 
parted Soul is rcftcred after its white luxation, 
then like a Magnet it attradeth the fame again, 
uniteth with it, then are they exalted to their 
highcft tincture and rithedo-, with a bright trant- 
parcntnefs and clarity. Thus in brief you have 
a (hort relation of Vitriols, Sulphur, and Magnef. 
Pray to God for grace, that you nnay conceive 
iright of it, put it then to good u(e, and be mind- 
tul cf the poor and needy. 

At the doling I anncd this briefly, to hold 

' forth unto you a natural proof, that you preient* 

]y fling and throw down the Sophifier^ and take 

his Scepter from him. . Note, that from all Me* 

itals, elpeeially from Mars and Fenuf-^ which arc 

i very hard and almofl: fixed Metals, of each apar^ 

can be made a Vitriol > this is the redudion of a 

Metal into a Mineral : for Minerals grow to Me^ 

tals, and Metals were at firfi Minerals, and fo 

Minerals are froxima materia of Metals, but no5 

■frima : from thefe vitriols may be made, other 

redudions, namely a fpirit is drawn from them 

by the vertuc of fire. 

This fpirit being driven over, then there is 
again a redudlion of a Mineral into its ipintual 
dfence, and each fpirit in it^ reduction keepetha 
Metalline property : but this fpirit is not the fri- 
ma materia* Who is now fo grofs and abfurd, 
diat (liould not be able to conceive further and 

belie VL% 

iy6 An Elucidation of the Xfl, Kf^s. 
believe, that by thfcle redudtions from one to the - 
other there be a way to prima mnerh^ and at 
lall to the feed it felf, both of Metals and Mine- 
rals : though there be no nccefslty to dcltroy Me- 
tals, becaule their feed in the Minerals is found 
openly Hxed. 

O good Gqd, what do thefe ignorant men 
thinkji is not this a very eafie, and Childrens like 
labour ? the one begets the ether, and the one 
cometh from the ether, is there not bread bak'd 
of Corn, upon diftind: wor^s ^ the World is 
blind, and will be fo to the end of it ', Thus much 
at this time, and commit thee to the protedion 

End of the third Part 




O F 

Basilius Valentinus 



The Manuals vehernn be treateth, how Me^ 
tah and fome Minerals may Particu- 
lariter he hrought to their highejl 

'rintcd by S. G. & B. G. for Edmard Brez^.-. 
ji^r > ac the Crane in Saint Pad> 
Church'jardy 1^79. 




O F 

^articuLirs frcm the fe-ven Metah^ hovp thej 
WA) bg ^r (fared u^t:h profic. . 

Firft of the Sulphur of So!^ whereby Lune is 
tinged into good Gold. 

TAke of pure Gold, which is three times- 
cafi through Antimmy , and of well 
purged Mercury viye, being prefl 
through leather, fix parts, ma^e of ic 
1 Jmalgama^ to the quantity of this Amalgime 
rind twice as murh of common Sulphur, kt it 
'aporate on a broad pan in a gentle heat under a 
lutHe, Itirring it ftill will with an Iron-hook, let 
fe fire be moderate, that the matter do not melt 
gether, this Gold calxmuilbebrought to the 
I'lour of a Mary-gold flower, then is it right ^ 
en take one part of Saltpeter, one part or Sa- 
riiionic, half a part of grinded peeblcs, draw a 
N 2 water, 



Igo Of Sulphur of So], 

water from it. Note, this water miift be dravvnl , 
warily and exaftly s To draw it after the com- 
mon way will not do it : he that is ufed to Chy- 
mick preparations, knows wh^t he hath to dt) i 
And note, you muft have a ibong Ibne Retort, 
which muft be coated, to hold the fpirits clofcly : 
its upper part mull: have a pipe, upward of half s 
fpans length, its wide'cfs muft bear two tingerj 
breadth, it muft be iet firft in a dilhlling furnace 
which niuft be open above, that the upper pipe 
may (land out diredly^, apply a large receiver, late 
it well ; l':t your firit lire be gentle, then increafe ii 
that the Retort look glowing hot : put a (pconfu 
of this ground matter in at the pipe,clofe the pipe 
fuddenly with a wet clout, the Ipirits come ruft^' 
ingly into the receiver : thcfe (pirlts being fetled 
then carry in another fpoonful: in this manner yoi 
proceed till you havediftilled all.Atlaft givetinK 
to the fpirits to be fetled, to turn into water : th 
water is a helli(h dilTolving flrcng one, which dii 
folveth inftantly prepared Gold culx, and laming 
ted Gold, into a thick iolution, of which I mad 
mention above in the third part. ^This is tha 
water, which I mention in my fecond Key 
which diffolveth not only Gold, but bringeth 
to a volatillity, carrying it over the helmet 
whofe anima may afterward be drawn from it 
torn body. 

Note, the fpirit of common Salt effcdeth th 
fame, if drawn in that manner, which I fhalN 
(peak of afterward. It tliree parts of this Salt J^" 
fpirit be taken, and one part ot Jpiritus nitri^ it i J'' 
ftronger than Salarinonick water :' and is bettei ^'''^^ 
becauie it is not fo ccrrohve, dilTolveth Gold th H 
fooner, cariietii it over the helmet, maketh it vc 

^ him 



Of Sulphur of Sol i8l 

latile and fit to part with its foul i you have your 
choice to ufe which you think bell, and may eafier 
be prepared thus : Take one part of the prepa- 
' red Gold calx, and three parts of the water^which 
you make choice of, put it into a body, lute a hel- 
met to it, fct it in warm afhes, let it dilfolve, that 
. which is not dilTolved, pour three times as much 
water upon, that all dilfolve : let it cool, feparate 
the feccs^ pvX the folution mto a body, lute a hel- 
met to it, let it ftand in a gentle heat day and 
night in Balncn MarU^ if more feces be (etled, fe- 
parate them, digcll them apain in the Balneo nine 
days and nights, then abftradlthe water gently to 
; a jfiffitnde.Vikc unto an Oyl in the bottome '-> this 
i. abftradcd water muli be poured on that fiijji' 
\ tudc : this mnft be iterated often, that it grow 
weary and weak : remember to lute well at all 
times. To the oleity on the bottome pour frefh 
water, which was not yet u(ed, digeft day and 
night firmly clofed, then (et it in a fand Capel, 
diitill the water from it to a thicknefs : make the 
abftracJed water warm, put it into a body, lute it, 
abfrrad it, iterate this work, and make ail the 
Gold come over the helmet. 

Note, at the next drawing always the fire raufi 
have one degree more : the Gold being conie over 
into the water, abttracl the water gently from it 
in theBalny to the oleity, fet tlie glafs into a cold 
place, there will ihpot tranfparent Cryftals, thefc 
are the vitdol of Gold, pour tlie water from it, 
dliiiil it again unto an oleity , fet it by tor 
(hooting/ more Chryllals will fhoot, iterate it as 
long as any do Ihoot. DiiTolve thefe CryAalls 
in di:ti!Ied wat-.r, put to it of purg::!dMcicury 
triiee times as much, iliake i^ abo. t, many co- j.'*rs 

N z will 

lix of Sulphur of So]. 

wiil appear, an Ar/iakam.i falls to the grouncf, 
the water ckarcth up, evaporate the Amjlgamj. 
«:eiicly under a mu^c^ ftirring ititill, with a wyar, 
at laft you get a pp.rple coloared powder, fcarlet 
like, it diliolveth in Vmegar into a bloud-redncls. 
Extract its anlmx with prepared fpirit of wine, 
mixeci witii the fpirit of common Salt, entred 
together into a fweetneis s Ti is tindtnre of Sol 
is like a traniparcnt Ixuhu^ leavintr a white body 

Note, that without inf:)rmation you cannot 
attain unto the fpirit of Sale, if it be not iwtet, 
it hith no extradive power i, to the attaining 
hereof, obiervc thefe following manuals : i^kc 
good fpirit of Slit, dephlegir.ed exadly, driven 
tortn, in that manner, as you fhall hear anon. 

TaKe one part of it, adde half a part to it of 
the befi^i^ir't of wine, which iuuft not have any 
phlegme.,b t muft be a meer Sulphur of v/ine,and 
mult be prepared in that manner, as I fnall tell 
you anon : lute a helmet to it, dra'^/ ij over 
firongly, leave nothing behind s to the abiiradrcd 
^put more ipirit of wine, draw it over, loi^t- 
what ilroVig':! than you did. the iirilituTie, weigh 
it, piit^ a third time more to it, draw it over 
ag^dn, well luted, putrifie this for half a month, 
Oi fo long as tt U, f .vect, and it is done in B-ilny 
very gently : thus the ipirit of Wine and Salt is 
prcpaicd, h li: its conoiity, and is ht [or extract- 

Take the Ri-'by- red. prepared Go\<\ powderput 
ot" this prepared ipirit Qi Salt and Wine, io much 
that ]t Ihnd two lingers breadth (.>vcr \t, f:.t il in 
a gentle heat, the Ipirit will be rcdting'cl, \.\\\% 
red Ipiric b., canted oil, pour a new ipirit on 


Of Sulphur of Sol 183 

that, which remained on the bottomc, fet It luted 
into^ gentle heat, let it be tinged deeply, then 
cantitolf, this work muft be iterated, that the 
body of Sol remain on the bottome like calx vivey 
which keep, for therein llicketh yet more of the 
Silt of Gold, which is eifedual in ways of Me- 
dicine, as fhall be (liewed anon. 

Thofe ting'd fpirits put together, abftracS: 
them gently in Balmo^ there will be left a red 
fubtile powder in the bottome, which is the true 
tindure a^iimated^ or Sulphur of Gold, dulcifie it 
with diftilPd rain water, it will be very fubtill, 
tender, and fair. Take this extracted Sulphur 
of Sol^ as you were taught, and as much of Sul- 
phur c>{ Mars^ as you (liall hear anon,when I treat 
of Mars : grinde them together, put it in a pure 
glafs, pour on it fo much of fpirit of Mercury^kt 
i: itand over it two fingers breadth, that the mat- 
ter in it may be difTolved, fee to it that all diffolvc 
into a Riiby-like Gold-water, joyntly drive it 
over, then is it one, and were at hxd of oneftem, 
keep it well, that nothing of it evaporate, put it 
to leparated fiher calx^ being precipitated with 
pure Salt, and afterward well edulcorated, and 
dried, fix it together in a fiery fixation, that it 
fublime no more : then take it forth and melt it 
in a wind-oven, let it ftream well, then you have 
nnited Bride and Bridegroom, and brought them 
nnto Gold of a high degree ; Be thankful to God 
ior it as long as you live. 

T (hould give further dircdrion, how this ex- 
traded Soul of Sol ihould be further proceeded 
in, aud to make it potable, which miniltreth great 
ikength, and continued health unto man. But 
it belonging unto Mcdicinals, I delay it to that 
N 4 place, 

184 Qf Sulphur of So!. 

place, where further mention (hall be made ot 

At thisprcfent T will fpeak only how the white 
Sclar body (hall fiirthcr be anatomized, and that 
by Art its Mercury vrve^ and its Salt may be ob- 
tained. The procefs of it is thus : 

TaKethe white body of Sol^ from which you 
have drawn its anima^ reverberate it gently for 
half an hour, let it become corporeal, then pour 
on it well reditied.hony-water, which is corro- 
iive, extradt its Salt in a gentle heat, it is done in 
ten days fpace, the Salt being all extradeid, ab- 
ilradt the waterjfrom it in Balncoy edulcorate the 
Salt with iterated difdllings, with common di- 
flilled water, clarifie it with fpirit of wme, then 
you have Sol auri^ of which you (hall hear more 
in its due place, of the good qualities it liath by 
way of Medicine upon man. On the remaining 
matter pour fpirit of Tartar^ of which in ano- 
ther place, becaufe it belongeth unto Medicinals: 
diged: thefe for a months time, drive it through 
a glafs, Retort into cold water, then you have 
qii'ck Mercury of 5o/, many iirive to get it, but 
in /lin. 

There is one myflery more in Nature, that the 
white Solar body having once loll its anima^ may - 
be ting'd agaiij, and brought to be pure Gold, 
which myitery is revealed to very few : I (hall 
give a hint of it, that you may not grumble arffie 
to have concealed any point m the work. 

I hope you have confidered and taken to heart, 
what I have cntrufted you withal libout the uni- 
verfal ftoiie of Philofophers in my third part, 
namely how it redeth mecrly upon the white 
fp rit of Vitriol, and how that all three princi- 
pLs are found only in this rpixit,aiid how you are 


Of Sulphur of Sol 185 

ro proceed in, and to brini^ each into its certain 
ftatc and order. 

Take thePhilofopbick Sulphtfr^ which in order 
is the feccnd principle, and is extradled w th the 
fpirit of Mercury^ pour it on the white body of the 
King^ digeft it for a month in a gentle Balny^ then 
iix it in a(hes, and at lafi: in fand, that the brown 
powder may appear, then melt it with a fluxing 
powder made of Saturn^ then will it be malleable 
and fair Gold, as it was formerly, in colour and 
vertue nothing defcdive. 

But note, the Salt muft not be taken from'thc 
Solar body, of which I made mention formerly, 
ia a repition of the XII. Key^ where you may read 
of it. There may be prepared yet in another 
manner a tranfparent Vitriol, from Gold in the 
following manner. 

Take ^ood Aqua Regis made with Sal armomac' 
one pound, ii £/?, diifolve four ounces of Salmiac ' 
in Aquafnrty then you have a Ihong Aqtta Kegi^^ 
dilHU and redihe it often over the helmet, let no 
feces flay behind,let all that afcends be tranfparent. 
Then take thinly beaten Gold rolls, call: tormerly 
through Ant'im my-, put them into a body, pour on 
h Aqua Regif^ let it dilTolve as mnch as it will, 
or as you can diffolve in it : having difTolved all 
the Gold, pour into fome Oyl of fartar^ or Salt 
of T'artar diiTolved in fountain water, till it be- 
gins to hifs, having done hifsing, then pour in a- 
gain of the Oyl,do it fo long that all the dilTolved 
Gold be fall'n to the bottome, and nothing more 
of it precipitate, and thtAqjialiegys cLarup.This 
being done, then cant off thQ Aqjta Rcgii from 
the Gold calx, edulcorate it with ccmmon wa- 
ter j eight, ten, or twelve tim^s : the Gold calx 

t%6 Of Sulphur of Sol 

teing well fctlcd, cant off that water, and dry 
the Gold calx in the air, where the Sun doth not 
(bine, doit not over a fire,, for as foon as it feel- 
«h the leafr heat it kindleth, and great damage 
isdone, for it wo'Jd fly away forcibly, that no 
man could ftay it. This powder being ready 
jilfo, then take ilrong Vinegar- pour it on, boil it 
continually over the fire in a good quantity of 
Vinegar, Itill ftirring it, that it may not Itick un- 
to the'bottome, for xxiv. hours together, then 
the fulminating quality is taken from it : be care- 
ful you do not eiidangcr your fell- ; cant off that 
Vinegar, dulcine the powder, and dry it. This 
powder may be driven per ale^nhicum without 
tny corrotive, bloud-re3, tranfparent and fair, 
which is llrange, and uniteth willingly with the 
fpirit of wine , and by means of coagulation 
mayhehrcja^bt to a Smar body. 

Do not fpeak much of it to the vulgar : if you 
ireceive any benefit by and from my plain and 
open iliformat ion, be thus minded, to keep thefe 
myfteries (ecret ftill to thy dying day, and make 
no {hew of it, elfe thou art naked and lyeft open 
to the Devils temptations in all thy ways : there- 
fore pray give attention to what 1 fhall tell thee, 
for 1 will impart unto thee thisjrca.tum alfo,and 
Cntruft thee upt n thy con!'vience with it. 

TaKc good fpirit of wine b<ing brought to the 
kighelt degree, let fa*l into it (ome drops of Ipi- 
tit cf Tartar, then taKe thy Gold powder, put to 
it three times as mucii ot" the bvii and iubtilcli: 
common fiovvers of fulphur, grind thcfe toge- 
ther, let it on a flat pan under a mnftc-^^ give to it a 
gentle lire, let the Gold p.owder be in a growing 
heat, put it thus glov^^ing into the fpirit oe wine, 


Ipf^uJiihrofSol. 187 

ant off the fpirit of ivinc, dry the powder a* 
gainlt a heat, it will be porous. Being dried, 
then adde to it again three parts of florcs fulphu- 
yU^ let them evaporate under a muffle^ neal the re- 
mairing powder in a ftrong heat, and put it in 
(pirit of wine: iterate this WQik fivi times, at 
lad: this Gold powder will be fo fcftand porous a$ 
firm butter, dry it gently, becauie it melteth 
eafily. Then take a coated bt)dy, which in its 
hinder part hath a pipe, lute a helmet to it, apply 
a receiver, fet it freely in a ftrong land Capel^ let 
your hrfl lire be gentle, then nicreafe it, let the 
body be almoft in a glowing heat, then put in xht 
foftned well dried Gold powder , being made 
warm, behind at the hollow pipe, (hoot it in 
nimbly, there come drops nito the 
helmet, keep the hre in this degree fo long, till 
nothing more afcendeth, and no more drops fill 
into the Receiver. Note, In the Receiver there 
muil be of the beft fpirit of wine, into which the- 
drops of Geld are to fall. 

Then take this fpirit of wine, into which the 
Gold drops did fall, put it in a pcllican, leal it 
Hermetke^ circulate it tor a month, it turneth then 
to a bloud-red it one, which melteth in the hre 
like Wax, beat it (mall, grinde among it Lunar 
talx^ mdl them together in a ftrong pot, being 
grown cold, put it in aqujfon^ there precipitateth 
a black c^h^ melt it, then y(/u tmd much good 
Gold, as the Gold powder and the fpirit ot wine 
together with tiie moyety, and the added Litnsr 
t.iix ^ild weigh, bur one nioyety of the Lunar 
calx is.noL ting'd,t:tie other is as good as it ro 
bcidld. ' It you hit this rightly, thai be tlvmk- to God : it"not,'"do not b'ame mc, 1 could not 
make it plainer unto tnce. Now 

1S8 of the Particular o' tunc. 

Now if you will make this Vitriol, then take 
the powder formerly made, boyled in Vinegar, 
pour on it good fpirit ot common Salt, mingled 
with Saltpeter water, and the fpirit of Salt of A'i- 
ter, this Saltpeter water is made, as :iqjulartari is 
made with Saltpeter j Gold is diiiolvcd in this 
water : which being done, then ablirad: the wa- 
ter to a thicknefs, let it in a Cellar, then there 
ihoo eth a pure Vkriol of SgI^ the water which 
ftayeth with the Vitriol mult be canted olf,diiiil it 
again to a fpijfttndc^ fet it in the Cellar, more ot 
the Vitriols will {hoot,iter3t: this work as long as 
any Vitriol fliooteth. If ycu ar minsled to make 
the Philofophers ftone out -of Sohr Vitriol^ as 
fome phantafiick men endeavour in that way , 
then be frrll: acquainted and ask couniel of thy 
purfe, and prepare ten, or twelve pound ot this 
J^trlol^ then you may perform the wor.^ very 
well, and the Hu,tgarLin Vitriol, and others 
digged out of Mines will permit th-e to do 
lU You may extrad froni this Vitriol alio 
its Sulphur and Salt, with Spirit of wine, 
which being all cafie wrok,- it is needleile to 
cefcribe it. 

Njiv foUorpcth the Particitlar of Lune, and of the 
extra^ionof its Sulphar ^>/iSalt. 

' Akeof c.dxvive^ and common,Sak ay:a^ neal 
_ them together in a VVind-oven, then extrad 
Hk Salt purely from the calx with warm water, 
coigulat^: it again, pi;t to it an equal quantity of 
new calx, ix, extratf the Salt trom it, it^r.-.te 
I three times, then is th: Sa't prepared. 



Of the Particular of Lune. 1 8 ? 

Then take the prepared Lunar calx-, jhatlfie 
'.he calx "With prepared Salt in a glais Viol, pour 
Itrong-water on it, made of equal quantities of 
Vitrhl and Saltpeter^ abfirad: the ar^uafir t iiom 
it^iterated a third tinne, at lait drive itlkongly,Iet 
the matter well melt in the glars,then take it forth, 
your Lz/;^^ is tranfparent and blewifh, like unto 
an ultra mamie* Having brought Lune thus tar, 
then pour on it ftrong diltilled Vinegar, fet it in a 
warm place, the Vniegar is ting'd vv'ith a tranfpa- 
lent blue, like a Sapfnr^ and attradeth the tin- 
dciixe of Ltmc, being feparated from the Salt, all 
which comes from Lmte goeth again into the Vi- 
negar, Vv'hich muft be done hy cdulcoration^ihtn 
you will hnd the Sulphur of hum hir and clear. 
Take one part of this Sulphur of Lune^ one half 
part of the extraded Sulphur of Sol, llx parts 
of the fpirit of Mercury y joyn»all thefe in a body, 
lute it well, let it in a gentle heat, in digeftion, 
that liquor will turn to a red brown colour > 
having all driven over the helmet, and nothing 
fland in the bottome, then pour it on the matter 
remaining of the filver you drew the Sulphur 
from, lute it well, fct it in afhes for to coagulate, 
and to lix it xi. days and nights, or when you fee 
the L«/f^r body be quite dry, brown and nothing 
of it doth any moie rife, or fume, then melt it 
quickly with a fudden flux fire b Jore the blaii:, 
calt it forth , then you tranfmitted the whole 
fubltance of Silver into the belt m.oft malleable. 

Of this particular o^ Silver, I have made 
mention in another place, namely in the repetiti- 
on of my 1 2. /iLfy/,where I wrote that the ipirit of 
Salt alfo can dettroy LunSj (q that a fotaflc tune 


1 90 Of the PdYttcuUr of Lunc. 

Can ht made of it : Of which potable Lune in 
the lad part mention (liall be made of. You muft 
note, that further miifl: be proceeded with L«;/c, 
f nd a more exad anatomy muft be made upon 
Lune^ thus : 

when you perceive that the Sulphur of Lune 
is wholly extraded/ and the Vinegar takes no 
more tindure from her, nor the Vinegar doth 
tgft any more of Salt, then dry the remaining 
calx of iilver, put it into a glafs, pour on it corrc" 
five Hony water, as you did to the Gold, yet it 
muft be clear, and without any /ece/, fct it in a 
warmth,forfour5orhve days, extract L/^//e's -S'^.V, 
%vhich you may perceive, when the water grow- 
cth white. The Salt being all out of it, then 
jRbirrad the Honey water, edulcorate the corrofivc- 
nefs by diftilling, and clarifie the Salt with fpirit 
•t wine, the remaining matter muft be ednko- 
r^^'ci and dried, pcur upon it (pirit of T^artar^ 
fligcft it for halt a month, then proceed as you 
i'ld with the Gold, then you have Mercury o'i 
Lune, The (aid Salt of Lune hath excellent 
ycrt(ips upon mans body, of which I fhall fpeak 
in anorhcr place. The efficacy of its Salt and 
Sulphur may be learned by this foUowi ng pro- 

Take of the sky-coloured Sulphur, which you 
cxtradcd from Lune^ and is redified \v ih fpirit 
.of wine, put it in a glafs, pour onit twice as 
much of fpirit of Mercury^ which is made of the 
white fpirit of Vitriol^ as you have heard in the 
fame place. In like manner take of the extraCf- 
ed and clariiied Salt of Silver, put to it three 
times as much of fpirit of Mercury , lute well 
lioth glafles, fet them into a gentie Balny^ for 


Of lb'' VuTttcuUr cf Mars. t n 

eight days and nights, look to it that the Sulphar 
and Salt loofc nothing, but keep their quantity 
asthey were driven out ot the Siher. Having 
flood thele eight days and nights, then put them 
together into a glafs, feal it Hermitkey fet it in 
gentle alhes, let all be diilolved, and let it be 
brought again into a clear and white coagulatioHy 
at lalt tix them by the degrees ci hre, then the 
matter will be as white as Snow, thus you have 
the white tindture, whieh with the volatile dif- 
folved j?/iw^ of ^./youmayanimatc^ hx, bring 
to the deepcft rednels, and at lart fcrmem-,2x\d 
augment the (an\e in infinitum^ the ipirit of Mer^ 
cury being added thereunto.' And note, that up- 
on Gold a pro eels isto be ordered, with its Sul-- 
fhttr and Salt. 

If you underftood how their prhnum mobile 
is to be known, then is it needlcfs in this manner, 
and to that purpoi'c to deftrcy Metals, but you 
may prepare every thing from, or ot" their hxit 
elience, aid bring th.m to their full perfection. 

Of the Farticnlar of Mars, together with the extra- 
Ciion of its Anirna and Salt. 


Ake of red Vitriol Oyl, or Oyl of Sulphur 
_ one part- and two parts of ordinary Well- 
water, put thofe together, dilTolve therein hlings 
of fteel , this diflolution muft be hltred being 
vvarmM, let it gently evaporate a third part of it, 
then let the glafs in a cool puce, there will fhoot 
Cryftals as Iwcet as Si.g;r, wl:ich is the true Ki- 
triol of Mursy cant ott tnat water, let it evapo- 
rate more, let it agahi in « coid place, more Cry- 


l9^ Of tiff Particular of Venus. 
ftals will (hoot, neal them gently under a muffle,!^ 
ftlrring ftill with an Iron-wyar,then you get a fair 
purple coloured powder , on this powder caft di- 
Ihll'd Vinegar, extrad the animaoiMars in a gen 
tic Balny, abltrad: again the Vinegar,and^/^/c(;rj^e 
the anhna. This is the anima of Mars^ which 
being added to the fpirit of Mercury^ and united 
with the anima of Sel^ tmgtthLunc intoSol^ as 
yoii heard about the Gold. 

Of the ? articular of Venus, tphat myfteries therr arc 

hid therein-, and of the Extra^ion of its 

Sulphur and Salt. 

TAke as much of Venus as you will, and make 
Vitriol of it, after the ufual and common 
practife : or take good Verdigreece, fold in (hops, 
it effedfeth the fame, grind it fniall, pour on it 
good diftilPd Vinegat, fet in in a warmth, the Vi- 
negar will be tranlparent green, cant it oif, pour 
on the remaining matter on the bottome new Vi- 
negar, iterate this work as long as the Vinegar 
taketh out any tindure, and the matter of the 
Verdigreece on the bottome lieth very black : put 
the ting'd Vinegar together, diftill the Vinegar 
from it to a dryners,eire a black Vitriol will flioot, 
thus you get a purihed Verdigreece , grind it 
fmall, pour on it the juice of immature Grapes, 
letitftandin a gentle heat, this j^.yce maketh a 
tranfparent tiudture. as green as a Smirag'd^ and 
attradteth the red tindture of Venus^ which affords 
an excellent colour for Painters, Limmers, and 
others for their feveral ufes. 

When^the juycc cxcradts no more of the tin- 


Of the ?a.rticuhr $f Venus. i P3 

^ijre, then put all the extradion together, ab- 
ftrad the moyety cf this juycc gently, i'l^t it into 
a cool place, there fhootetha very fair Vitriol, if 
you have enough of that, then you have matter 
enough, to reduce the fame, and to make of it 
the Philofephcrs itone, in caie you (hould make 
a doubt to perform this great myftcry by any o- 
ther Vitriol. Of this preparation I have ipoken 
already Parabolice in the book of the Keys^ in the 
Chapter o£ the Wine- vinegar, where I laid, that 
the common Jzoth is not the matter of our 
Itonc, but our Azotl.\ or materia prima is extradt- 
ed with the common Azoth^znA with the Wine, 
which is the out-preif juyce of unripe Grapes, 
and with other waters alfo miifl: be prepared, 
thefe are the waters wherewith the body of Ve- 
nus muft be broken, and be made into Vitriol, 
which you muft obferve very well , then you 
may free your felves from many troubles and per- 

But efpecially note, that the way of the Vni- 
vcrfal wkh this Vtriol is-underftood in the fame 
manner, and is thus conditioned, as I told you in 
the third part of the Vniverfaly and pointed at 
the common Hungarian Vitriol^ and even as well 
out of A/^rj, put Farticulariter to be dealt upon 
with Ve nils* Therefore know, that it may be ' 
done with great proht, it you drive forth the red 
Oyl.of Vi-riol^znddiiijlvc Mzrsid i . And Cry- 
ftailiie the fokuion,as you vVere told, when I treat- 
ed of A/irx. For in this diil^lution and coagulati- 
on Venus and M^rj- are united, this Fitriol muft be 
Kalcd under a mifjie unto a pure red powder, and 
nuft b.^ extracted mrther withdiftill'd Vinegar,as 
ong as there is any rednefsinit, thjn you get the 

O artimt 

1^4 Of tht' Particular Of Sat'tn. 

anim^ of Mars^ and of Vc^u< doubled, of this 
doubled versie afrer the add tijn of the ajri- 
ma of Sol-i which you made in the betore qi ortd 
quantity take twice as much of Silver calx-, uiid 
fix it, as you heard when I fpoke ot the Tanicular 
of Mars and oi SoU 

But note, that there mufl be twice as much of 
the fpirit of Mercury y then there was allowtd in 
that place, but in the reit the proctls is ali.'ve.The 
Salt of Venus rciuk be extradrcd when the JL^yce 
taketh no more of the green tiiidure, then taKc 
the remaining matter, dry it, pou.f Honey water 
upon it, tht n that Salt goetli in that licat tor live> 
or fix days, and clarihe it with fp'rit or Wine, 
then is the Salt ready for your Medicine. 

Of the Tanicitlar cf SdXurn^ together with the ex- 
tra&ion of its Soul and Salt* 

MOft men hold and count Saturn an unwor- 
thy and mean Metal, and is abuled molt 
bafcly in ievcral expeditions, whereas, if Known 
in its internals, more laudable exploits would be 
performed with it, and many excellent Meaic'ties 
be prepared of it. Being it is my intention to 
put an Elucidation to my former writings^ to 
leave it after me for a Legacy unto poltcrity, that 
fimple men ot ordinary capacity might Know 
and conceive alfo of the things I tormerly wrote 
of, which after the refurredion ot n:y Hclh my 
ielf ihali bear record unto, that I have written 
more than was meet, which others before me 
have purpofely concealed : it b^ing my purpoie 
to declare fundament^tlly all CuchF articular s^ 


Of the Part'cuLr of Sa tumJ 1 P} 

ivhich formerly at large I difcourfed of in a Phi' 
lofophick manner, thus , that this my Dcclariti' 
on made in my decr^pitc age be noted confciona" 
bly by thofe into whofe hands it comts, that thi^ 
iny Revelation, which in Gods providence wil^ 
be dilpofed of, to be a lamp of truth unto all tnQ 
world, may not be imparted unto men unworthy 
of Gods myfteries, which aclknowkdge not the 
Creatour of them in a pure humble and penitent 
heart, perfevering con verfa ti on , and a fervent 
purpofe to incline unto and towards him. Tiiis 
prefent writing I leave as a precious ba'^gewith 
an carneft proviib, that men would look and ob* 
(erve caretuUy every lettet contained in this, and 
other of my writings, which in all hdclity I hold 
forth unto them ; And begin now with Saturn'^ 
v/ho in all probability after Aftronomick rules is 
the highcft and chicfcft Lord in the coeleft-*al 
fpheres, by whofe influence the ftthterranean Sa'- 
turn hath its lite and coagulation, putting that 
black colour on it, the reft fiom the beft to the 
worft follow after, whole {plcr.dour erlightneth 
that whole firmament, and is incorruptible. 

I fhould fpeak fomcthing oif Sjitarns Nativity^ 
from whence he taketh his oif-fpring, but in' this 
place I do not hold it rcquilice (being there hath 
been mention made of it in fcveral places in my 
other booksj becaufe it is to no purpofe for No^ 
ifim^ and to repeat all, would increafc the vo- 
lume, which I do not intend, purpoiing only to 
elucidate (uch things, which formerly have been 
dllivered in obicure terms. 

Note, Saturn is ntit to be thus flighted by rea- 
fon of its external dcipicable form, if he be 
wrought ill a due proccfc after the Fhilofophers 

If 6 Of thf PdrUcuhr of Saturn.^ 
way, he is able to requite all the pains the Art- 
feeking Laborers beftow on him, and will ac- 
knowledge him rather to be the Lord, and not 
the fervant : a Lords honour is due unto him, 
not only in rcfpedt of mans health, but in re- 
(pec^ alfo of meliorating of Metals : the prepa- 
ration of it is thus : 

Take red Minium, or Cerufe, thefe are of fevc- 
ra]|worths, the cne is better before the other, ac- 
cording to their feveral examinations, thofe that 
are fold in (hops are feldome pure,, without 
their due additionalstmy advife is, that every Ar- 
tllt undertake himielt the deil:rud:ion of Saturn^ 
the procefe of it is feveral, of the (beft I give this 
hint : 

Take pure Lead, which yields to the hammer, 
as m cl> as you pleafe, laminate it thinly,the thin- 
ner the better, hang thefe lamins, in a large glafs 
filled with ftiong Vinegar, in which is dillblved 
a like quantity of the belt Salarmoniac, (Liblimed 
thrice with common Salt, Itop the glafTes mouth 
vciy clofely, that nothing evaporate, i^tt the glafs 
in alhcsot a gentle hear, othcrv^ifc the ipirits of 
tlie Vinegar and Salarmonick afcend, and touch 
the Satnrnal lamins , at the tenth, cr.tweltth 
day you will fpic a fubtile Cerufe hanging on thefe 
. lamins^ brulh them o^ with a Hares foot, go on, 
get enough of this Ccrule, provided, you buy 
good Wurcs, it iophiiticatcd, you labour in vain. 
Take a quantity of it, if you pleaie, put it in a 
body, pour ftrong Vinegar on it, which "ieveral 
• times hath been redtiiied, and was fbrtiiied ft 
the lalt red:ihcation with a lixteenth part ot fpi- 
nt of vulgar Salt, dephlegmed , and drawn 
over ; liop the body well, or which is' better, 


Of the Particular of Saturn^ ^97 

lute a blind-head to it, kt the body in afhes to be 

digefted, (wing k otten about, in few days the 
Vniegar begins to look yellow and fweet, atthe 
tirft, iterate it a third time, it is fufficicnt. The 
remnant of the Cerufe ftayeth in the bodies bot- 
tome Linfhapely, filter the ting'd Vinegar ckarly, 
that is of atranfparcnt yellownefs : put all the 
ting'd Vinegar together, ablirad: two parts of it 
in Balneo MarU let the third part ftay beliind, this 
third part is of a reafonablc Kuhedo^ (et the glais 
in a very cold water then the Cryftrals will (hoot 
the fooner, being (hot, take them, cut with a 
woodden fpoon, lay them on a paper for to dry^ 
thcfe are as fweet as Sugar, and are of great ener- 
gy againit inflamed (ymptomes : abftrad the Vi- 
i^iegar further in B lineo^ in which the Chryf^als 
did (hoot, fct that diifillation afide, for the (hoot- 
ing of more Cryfrals, and proceed withthefeas 
you did formerly. 

Now take all thefe Chryftals together, they in 
their appearance are like unto clariiied Sugar, or 
Saltpeter, beat them in a Morter ef glafs, or iron, 
or grind them on a Marble unto an unpalpable- 
ncfs, reverberate it in a gentle heat, to a bloud- 
like rednt(s : Provided, they do not turn to a 
blacknefs. Having them in a Scarlet colour, put 
them in a gla(s, pour on a good fpirit oi juni-. 
per, abllraded from its Oyl, and rcdliiied feveral 
times into a fair, white, bright manner, lute the 
glafs above, fet it in a gentle heat, let the fpirit of 
. Juniper be ting'd with a tranfparent rednefs like 
bloud, then cant it off" neatly from xh^ feces into a 
pure glafsiwith that provifo,that no impure thing 
run therewith, on the feces pour other fpirit of Ju- 
•niper^extradtfliil^ as long as any fpirit takcth th$ 

O 3 tin* 

1^8 Of the Particular Saturn. 

tincfturc : keep thcfe fcces^ they ccntaln the* 
Salt. ' 

Tike all thele ting'd fpirits together, filter 
them, abftradt them gently in Bairns, 'there re- 
iria'ncthin the bottome a neatCarnatiori po'vJcr, 
whicn is the anim^ of Stturn^ pour on it Rain^ 
water, often diftill'd, diftill it ibongly (cveral 
times, to get off that, which liaid with the (pi- 
rit ot Juniper, and fo this fubtile powder will be 
edulcorated delicately : keep it in a ftrong boyl- 
ing, cant it oif, then let it go off neatly, let it dry 
gently , for fafeties. fake , reverberate it again 
gently for its better exiccation, let all impurity 
evaporate, let it grow cold, put it in a Viol, put 
twice as much of fpirit of Mercury to it, which 
I told you of in the third part ot xh^VniurfiK 
entruited you upon your confcience with it, ieai 
it HermSice^ fet it in a vaporous Batlr, which I 
prefcribed at the preparation of the fpirit of Mer- 
cury, called the Philofophers fimus equidus^ let it 
ftand in the Myflical furnace for a month, then 
the ani na of Samrn clofeth daily with the fpirit 
ot Mercury, and both become infeparable, mak- 
ing up a fair tranfparent deeply ting'd red Oyl : 
look to the government of the fire, be not too 
high with it, elfe you put the fpirit of Mercury 
as a volatile fjpirit to betake himfelf to his wings, 
forcing him to the breaking of the glafs : but if 
thcfe be w(.ll united, then no fuch tear look for, 
for ci.e nature cmbruCwcn and upholdeth thd 

Tncn take this Oyl, or diflblved anima of Sa^ 
iurn out of the Viol, ic is of a gallant fragrancy,. 
pl.t it into a boc'j, apply a Helmet to it, lute it 
' Well, drive it oveij then foul and fpirit is uni- 

Of thf Part:ctilar of Siturn J 19^ 

ted together, and fit to tranfmutc Mercury preci-^ 
pitated into Sou 

r le precipitation of Mercury is done thus ; 
take one part of the (p:rit of Salt of Niter, and 
thrccp-irt- cf Oyl of Vitriol, put tkfe together, 
Call inco it halt a part of quick Mercury, being 
very well p^r^ecl, i ,t it in Saxi^., put a reafonable 
f rnn^ nre to it, fo that the ipirits may not fly 
a Aay, let 't itand a whole day and night, then ab- 
ftr.t.:t Al tlie (phits, then you find in the bcttomc 
n j:r:cip!t.itea Merciry, lomc what red, pour the 
lr.viL< Oil ic a^iin, let it (hnd day and night, ab- 
Li cx :t ag.ia, then yTur precipitate will be more 
r.d ciun at the firlr, pour it a third time upon it, 
thcii a jirrail lirongly, then your precipitate is at 
the highcit mhcdo^ dulcihe it with diftilPd water, 
let ic ftrongV ^^ exiccated. Then take two 
parts of this prccipated Mercury, one part ofthe 
diffoIvcd^^/V/r/^^/Oyl, put thcfe together, fet it 
in alhcs, kt all be lixed, not one drop muft flick 
any v^hcre to the glals. Taen it mult be melted 
with due additional of lead j they clofe together, 
al!ord Gold, which afterward at the calling 
through Antinony may be exalted. 

I iiave informed you hereof where I treated 
of Mercury vive- But note, that Mercury muft 
not be precipitated, unlels with pure Qyl of Vi- 
tri /, or Oyl of Fenus^ with the addition of the 
fpirit of Salt Niter : Albeit fuck Mercury cannot 
be brought to its higheit fixation, by way of pre- 
cipitating, but its iix'd coagulation is found in 
Saturn:, as you heard. 

Beat the abovefaid Mercury fmali, grind it on a 
flone, put it in a Viol, pour c^n jt the diifolved Sa-" 
thrnal Oyl, ix entreth inilantly, if £b be you pro- 

,0 4 ceeded 

20 Of the Particular of Saturn, 

ceedcd right in the precipitation, feal the Viol* 
Hermetice^ fix it in alhes, at lad in fand, to its 
highell fixation, then you have bound Mercury 
with a true knot, and brought him into a fix co- 
agulation, which brought its form and fubftance 
into a melioration, with an abundance of riches, if 
you carry it on a white precipitate, then you get 
only fiiver, which holds but little of Gold. 

One thing more Imuft tell thee about this 
proceis, that there is yet a better way to deal 
upen SAtiirn^ with more profit, that you may 
not have any caufe to complain againlt my not 
declaring it, take it thus : take two parts ot the 
abovefaid dilTolved Oyl , or oi the S.juirnal 
Soul, one part of Ajintm SjIU^ and oi Antimn^ 
jtial Sulphur J whofe preparation followeth after- 
wards, two parrs, half as much of Salt ct Mars^ 
asallthefcare, weigh them together, put all in- 
to a glafs Vial, let the third part of it be empty, 
ict it in together to be fixed, then the Sak of A/j/v 
openeth m this compound, is fermented by it, 
and the matter begins to incline to a blackrefs, 
for ten, or tvvelve^days it is (ftlipfed, then the 
Salt returns to ics coagulation, laying hold in its 
operation on the whole compound, coagulate it 
iVrit m^l deep brown Mais, let it Hand thus un- 
f(i»-rcd in a continued heat, it turncth to a bloud- 
redfedy, encreafe the fire, that you may ice the 
Jlirum Soils to be predominant, which appear- 
eth in a grceniOi colour, like unto a Rain-bow ; 
keep this hre continually, let all thele colours va- 
nilh, it turneth to a ^ranfparent red fione very 
ponderous, needleis to be projeded on Mercury, 
hut fingeth after its pertcCtion, and fixation all • 
white Metals into the purelt Gold. Then take 


Of the P^rtUuIar of Jupiter. 2 of 
of the prepared fixed red ftone, or of the pow- 
der one part, and four parts of any of the white 
Metal, firft let the Metal melt half an hour, and 
let it be well clarified, then projed the powder 
upon it let it drive well, and fee that it beentred 
into the Metal, and the Metal begin to congeal, 
then is it tranfmiited into Gold, beat the pot- in 
pieces, take it out, if it hath any Slacks, drive 
them with Saturn, then is it pure and malleable. 
It you carry it on L//??e, then put more of the 
powder to it than you do upon Jupter and Sa- 
turn-i as half an ounce of the powder tingeth five 
ounces of Lttne into SoU let this be a miracle, fool 
not thy Soul with imparting this myftery unto 
others, that are unworthy of it. Proceed with 
Salt of SatHr/i.,dLS you were informed about Mars 
and Fema, only diililred Vinegar performeth that, 
which Honey water did by the other, and clarific 
it with (pirit of Wine. 

Of the Particular of ]t\pktT^ together with the ex^ 
traction of its anima and Salt. 

TAkc Pumice-(^ones, fold in (hops, neal thefn, 
quench them in old good Wine, neal them 
again, and quench them as you drd formerly, let 
this neaHng be iterated a third time, the ftronger 
the Wine is you quench withal, the better it is, 
after that dry them gently, thus ar^ they prepa- 
red for that purpcie. Pulverile thefe Pumice- 
llones iubtilly, then take good Tin, laminate it, 
ftra title it in a cementing way in a reverberating 
Furnace, reverberate this matter for live days and 


2 o 2 Of the Particular of Mfrcury vivc. 

nights in a flaming firc^ it draweth the tindturc 
ot the Metal, then gr«nd it fmall, iirlt fcrapiHg 
the Tin-lamms, p.t it ill a ^Lls body, poi^r on 
it good diftillcd Vinegar, ilt it in digdtion, the 
Vinegar dra^vcththe tincture, which is rLd-ycl- 
low, abflrad this Vinegar in Balmo^ edulcorate 
the ani,?ij oif Jufmr with ciitiJled water, exic- 
categontly, proceed in the reil: as you did with 
the anlma ot Saturti^ viz. dilFoIve rauically in, or 
with the fpirit of M:rcii,y^ drive them over.po r 
that upon two parts cf red Mercuyy precipit t- i, 
.being precipitated with this Vcnerean fang' i.:e 
quality, then coagulate and fix : if done fucccls- 
iuUy, you may acknowledge Jitfiur\ bounty^ 
that gave leave to tranfmute this fncipitate into 
Gold which will be apparent at their melting. 
It performcth this alfo, it tranfmuteth ten parts 
of Ltme into Gold^ if other Sulpb/irs be added 
thereunto : force no more upon Juriter^ it's all 
he is able to do, being of a peaceabLdifpolition, 
he told all^what he could do. The procefs about 
this Salt, is, to extrad it with diililled Rain-wa- 
ter, clarified with fpirit or Wine. 

Of the F articular of Mercury vive, and of its 

Sulphur and Salt. 

TAke of quick Mercury^ fublimed feven 
times, lib. fenm, %nnd it very fmall, pour un 
it a good quantity of fliarp Vinegar, boil it on 
the fire tor an hour, or upward, itirring the m it- 
ter with a woodden fpatule, take it from the firj, 
let it be cold, the Mcr cury ktlah. to the botcoaie, 
and the Vinegar cleareth up : it it be ilo a' in tfc 

clear ai^ 

Of the Partifuhr of Mercury vivo. 2 05 
clearing, let fome drops of fpirit of Vitriol fall in 
the Vinegar, it doth precipitate the other, for Vi- 
^r-a/ ptecipitateth Mercury vive ^ Salt of I'artar 
precipitateth 5 7, I'em-if and c^mmen Salty doth 
precipitate Lun:^ and Mars doth the like to Venm^ 
a lixivium of Bcech-afhcs doth it to Vitriol^ and 
Vinegar is for common Sii fhnr^ and M^^s for 'Xar^ 
tar^ and Salipctcr for Antimony, Cant oif the 
VintH,ar from the precipitate^ you will find the 
Mercury \h\Q a pure waili'd Sand, pour on it Vine- 
gar, iterate this work a third time, then edulco- 
rate the matter, let it dry gently. 

Take two ounces of ay^ima of MarSj one ounce 
of anima of Saturn^ one ounce of anima of Ju" 
piter^ diiTolve thefe in lix ounces of Mercurial fpi- 
rit, let all be difTolved, then drive it over, leave 
nothing behind, it will be a Golden water, like a 
traniparcntdiffolution of ,9.;/, your prepared and 
edulcorated Mercury muft be warm'd in a ftrrng 
Viol, pour this warm'd water gently on it, a til- 
fing will l^'e, ftop the Viol, then the tTsing is 
gone > then fcal it Hermetice^ fet it in a gentle 
Bainy, in thi days the Mcrcw^y is diilolvcd into a 
gra(s green Qy I, fet the Viol in afhes for a d.y and 
night, rule your tire gently , this grecii colour 
turneth into a yellow Oyl, in this colour in hid 
the Kubedo^ keep it in this lire, and let the mat- 
ter turn to a yellov/ powder, like unto Orpi- 
menti when no mere e^mes over, then let the 
glals in Sand for a day, and a night, give a ftrong 
fire to it, let the faii^ft Kuby-ruhedo appear, melt 
it to a hxedncls with a fluxing powder made of 
Saturn^ it comes now to a malleablenefs, one 
.pound of it concaincth two ounces of good 
I Gold, as deep, as ever Nature produced any. Re- 

2o4 Of the of Mercurial Oil. 

member the poor, do not precipitate thy felf into 
an infernal abyfle, by forgetting thy felf in not 
doing the duties you ought to perform in regard 
of the blefsing. 

An Oyl made^of Mercury, and its Salt. 

1*Ake quick N4ercury, being often fublimed, 
and redificd with Calx (tivc^ put it in a bo- 
dy, diflolve it in a heat, in ftrong Nitrous water, 
abftrad the watee from it, the ccirofivenels 
which ftayeth there, mull be txtriv^cd with good 
Vinegar, well boy led in it : at lal^ abfiradt this 
Vinegar, the remainder of it mull be dulcihtd 
with difiiird water, and then exiccated. After- 
ward on each pound mull be poured /i/?. i. of 
the beft fpirit of Wmc, let it Hand luted in pu- 
trefaction, then drive over what may be driven, 
firft gently, then more ftrougely, from that which 
is come over, abrtrad the Ipirit of Wine fer Bat- 
ntum^ there ftayeth behind a.fragrant Oyl, which 
is Jftmm Mcnurii^ an excellent remedy againft 
Venereal difeafes. 

Seeing the Salt and Jilrum of Mercury is of 
the fame Medicinal operation, I hold it needlels 
to write of each in pirticular,and will joyn their^ 
operation into one, and declare of it in the lalt 
part about the Salt of Mercury, becaufe they are 
of one effed in Medicinal operations. Take the 
made Oyl, or Ajirum Mcrcuriiy which by reafon 
of its great heat keeps its own body in a perpe- 
tual running, calling it on the next Handing 
earth, from which you formerly drew the Oil. ^^ 
Set it in a heat, the Oyl drawcth its own Salt > 


of the Particula of Antimony. a o 5 
that being done, put to it a reafbnable quantity of 
fpirk of Wine, abftrad it again, the Salt ftayeth 
behind, difTolved in the frefh fpirit of Wine, be- 
ing dulcified by cohobation : Then is the Mercurial 
Salt ready, and prepared fcr the Medicine, as (hall 
be mentioned in the laft part. Mercury is able to 
do no n^iore, neither Farticulariter^ nor Vniverfa- 
liter^ becaufe he is far off from Fbilofiphirs Mer^ 
cury^ although many are deceived in their fancies 
to the contrary. 

Of . the Particular of Antimony, together with the 
cxtraciioH. of its Sulphur andSdu 

1* Ake good Hungarian Antimony, pulverife it 
fubtilly to a meal, calcine it over a gentle 
heat, ftirring it ftill v^ith an Iron wyar, and let it 
be albified^ and that at lalt it may be able to hold 
out in a ftrong iire. Then put it into a melting 
pot, melt it, call it forth, turn it to a tranfpa- 
rent glafs, beat that glafs, grind it fubtilly, put it 
in a glafs body of a broad flat bottom, pour on 
it diltilled Vinegar, let it ftand luted in a gentle 
heat for a good while, thaVhiegar extradleth the 
Antimonial tindlurc, which is of a deep rednefs, 
abftract the Vinegar , there rcmaineth a fweet 
yellow fubtile powder, which muft be edulco- 
rated with diftilled water, all acidity muft be tak- 
en oif, exiccate it ', pour on it the beft gradua- 
ted f pi rit of Wine, (et it in a gentle 'heat, you 
bave a new extr-'dion, which is fair and yel- 
low, cant it off, pjur on ether fpirit , let it 
ixtt^d as long a^ it jan, then ablirad the fpi- 
rit of Vv^ine, exiccate, you find a tender deep 


2 o6 Of the Particula of Antimony, 
yellow fubtilc powder of an admirable Medici- 
nal operation, is nothing infaiour unto ^cuhie 

Take two parts of tkis powder, one part of 
Solar S^dp-mry^rmd thdc (rrull, then rikc three 
parts of Sulphur of Mars^ pour on it lix parts of 
Spifit of Mrc-ry, fct it in digelrion well J-.fed, 
hi the Sulphur ot iViar/be diilblved totally, then 
carry in a fourth paiti^of the ground^iiattcr of 
the Sulphur of Jiitirv^ry, and of Sol, lute and 
digcll, let all be difTolved, then carry in more of 
your ground Sulphurs, proceed as fornicriy, itera- j 
ting it (b long till all be diifolved, thi.n the mat- 
ter becomes a thick brown Cyl, drive all over 
jcyntly into one, leave nothing behind in the bot- 
tome, then pour it oa a purely fepara ted L«>i^r 
calx:, hx it by degrees of hre, then melt it into a 
body, feparate it with an Aquafort^ iix times as 
much of Sol is precipitated then, above the pon- 
derohty the compcMid did weigh, the remainder 
of Ltine fervcth for fiich works you pleaie to put 
it unto. 

The Anttmmial tirMitre being extracted total- 
ly from its Vitmm^ and no Vinegar takes more 
hold ot any tindfure, then exiccate the remain- 
ing powder, which is ot a black colour, put it 
into a melting pet, lute it, let it iknd in a realf li- 
able heat, let ail the fulphureous part burn away, 
grind the remaining matter, pour on it new di- 
itiiled Vniegar, cxtracr its Salt, abilrad: the Vine- 
gar, edulcorate the acidity by cohobaiion^ clarihc 
io longXo that the water be whitt and clear. If 
you "have proceeded well in your manuals, then 
tie leller time will be required ro extrad the Au" 
Umonial Salt^ as ycu (liail hear of it, \\ hereby 


Sulphur and Salt cf ^ntimonm. 207 
you may obferve, that the Antimonid Sulphur is^ 
cxtradcd in the follawing manner, and is ot" 
the fame Medicinal operation, but is of a quick- 
er and fpeedier work, which is a matter ot con-* 
fcquence, and worthy to be taken notice of.' 

A jhort nfsy to ntaJ^e Antimomal Sulj-hitf 
and Salt* 

TAke good Vitriol, common Salt, and un- 
llaked Lime, of each one pound, four ounces 
of Salt-armoniac, beat them fmall, put them in 
a glais body , pour on it three pcnnd of com- 
mon Vinegar, let it ftand in dig(illion Itopp'd tot 
a day, put it afterward into a Retort, apply a re- 
ceiver to it, diltill it, as ufually an aquafrt is 
diftill'd. Take of the off drawn liquor, and of 
comimon Salt, one pound of each, redfifie them 
once more, let no muddineis come over with it, 
all mult come clear : then take one pound of 
pulverifed antimonial glafs, pour this fpirit on it, 
lute it well, digefl, and let all be dilTolved ', then 
abftratt the water in Balneo MarU^ there remains 
in the bottome a black, thick, fluid matter, but 
fomewhat dry, lay it on a glafs Table, fet it m a 
Cellar, a red Oyl floweth from it, leaving (bmc 
feces behind, coagulate this red Oyl gently upon 
a(hes, let it be cxiccated there > th( n pour the 
belt fpirit of Wine on it, it exrraftcth a ilndture 
which is bloud red, cant off that which it ting d, 
pour other ipirit of Wine on the rtmaincler, let 
all rednels be extradted, thus you have the tinciure 
or Antimonial Sulfhur^ which is of a wondertul 
Medicinal efficacy, and is ^qmv^knt unto potable 


2o8 Sttlphur and Salt of: ^ntifhonjl 
Gold, as you heard in the former proceG. And 
it^ preparation ferveth now to proceed with it 
Farticulariter^ as I (hewed In the former. This 
black matter, which Hayed behind after the ex- 
tradtron of Sulphur^ muft be well cxiccated, ex- 
trad its fnow-white Salt with diftill'd Vinegar, 
edulcorate it, claritie it with fpirit of Wine, ob- 
fcrve its vertues in Medicina , of the which in 
the laft part. 

Thus I conclude my fourth part alfo. Other 
myiieries in Nature, and fome augmentations 
might be here annexed, but I wave them, men- 
tioning only the chiefcft of rhcm, and are fuch, 
which may be wrought eafily , and in a (hort 
time, and whereby good ftore of riches may be 
gotten. The reit , which are not of that im- 
portance, and may eaiily draw Novices into er- 
rours, bringing no protit for the prefoit, may in 
good time by careful pradife be found out and 

If you only know thcfe, whereby health and 
wealth is obtained, then the(e metalline Sulphurs 
in their compounds may bring great proht unto 
you, to. write of all thcie circumilantially, is im- 
poisibJe to one man, it is of an infinite labour 
Call upon God for grace and mercy : A tunda- 
mental Theory alfords the pradfick part, from 
thence flow infinite fprings, all from one head. 
If you go otherwife to work, than I entreated 
you to do by the Creatour of heaven and earth, 
then all youradions will be retrograde unto a 
temporal diiafter. 

I (hould annex here the efficacies of .other Mi- 
nerals, which are nevt unto Metals : but feeing 
they arc of no ability unto tranfiautation of Me- 

SulfhuT and Salt of Antmori% %6~^ 
lals : but feeing they are uf no ability unto tranf- 
.inutation of Metals, but are only Mcdicina],un<J 
are qualified to do their work to tht admiration 
of thofc that make ufe of them, I leave tricni at 
this time. The Almighty hath put wonderful 
vertues into Metalline Salts » which h^vc been 
found approved (everal ways. 


End of the fourth Part. 



Together with the 

X 11 KEYS 




Great Stone 


Ancient Philofbphers. 

Written and left by Bafilm ^ dentins a Ger- 
mj?zMonkeof the Order of St, Benmt. 

Printed by S, G. U S. G^ for Edward Brew^ 
fi^f 2 U ^hc Crane in Saint Pauls • 
Chanh^jArd^ i 6jo, 




O F T H 1 


BBir^^ pofjefjed mth humane fedr^ t $ei 
gan to confider , out of the fimplicit^ 
of Nature^ the mtferies of this World^ 
ind exceeding}) lamented with my fdf the #/- 
^ehces committed bj our F^r^ Par^ntSy and h$w 
^■ittle rtf^nt^ncf there vpm throughout the w$rld^ 
%nd that men grew daily worfe and werfe^ am 
ner/ial pumjhment withjut redemption hanging^ 
"iver the heads of fuch impenitenti : Therefore 
9gade/ha(i torfithdratp m) [elf from fin ^ and 
iid farewell to the Worlds and addiB my felf 
•0 the Lord M his o.-ilj Servant, 
Having lived feme time tn my Order^ Then 
^ 3 alfi. 

:: 14 The Preface, of the Author. 

difoj after I had dor/e mj appointed devotms, 
meddling not vptth frivol ii6 things ^ leaft mj 
'vain thoughts thio^^gh tdlemfs fbjuld yttid 
caufe^ of greater evils ; / took upon wif diVt-. 
ge'/ftlj to fearch ii^to Nature^ and thrcughh t9 
Anatmize the Arcanaes thereof ^ nhich T 
found to he the greate^ pleafure next to Et r^ 
nal things^ Having found in our Mor.afery 
TTianj looks written hjPhilofopkrs of ancient] 
timey nho had truly foUovped Nature in their 
Studs Wd Search y thpf gave a greater encou- 
ragemht^ to my mindy to learn thvje things 
thej knevp j andjhough tt proved difficult to me 
in the beginnings jet at lajl it proved more 
eafie. The Lord [a granted (to whom I dajlj 
prajei)Mat I [houldjee thofe things that others 
hefcre me had feen» 

. In our MonaHrjy one of mj Fellows jt^ 
much tormented with the S tone ^ that he often- 
times la) hedrid^ had fought to man^ PhjfitianSy 
AKddif paired of anj Ulp from ihfm^ rcftgr.ed 
up his life to Gody having I ay d afide allhu* 

1 hen began J to ^n atomize vegetables^ and 
difiilled them-, I extracted their Salts and 
Quiiitffjence : Gut amongfl all theffy couldl 
rnot pnd an) thing , that would free -m) fid 
Broihrr from his di'ftempery although / trjed 
viar^'i things y for the) were not fo efjeRual in 
their degree to cure that diferfe^ fo that far 


The Preface to the Author. '57y" 

fix years fpaco there was hardly any vegeta-- 
ble 5 that I had not m fome way or other 
wrought upo/7. 

Then I hent my thoughts to r.nfider further 
of thi^s matter^ and to addiB my felf to a fun-^ 
dame-fit A knowledge ^and fear ch after thofe ^id- 
d^n uertues which the Creator had placed in 
Mettals and Adineralu ^he more I fought 
into them^ the mare I found:, one fecret ftill 
flowing from another ; God profpered my irt" 
deaz;ours^ that I tryed many things^ and my 
Eyes alfo faw thofe ^vertues^ which Nhture had 
tnfufed into Mettals and Minerals ^ yea^ f 
z'ariom-i that the) are not eafily underfiood hi 
the ignorant and (lothfuL 

Amofigfi all thofe I happened on d certain 
Miner aU c cmpofed of many colours^ and of ue^ 
rj or ^at power in Arty I (XtraBedits Spiritu^ 
al Efjence^ and therehj in a few days ^ reftored 
my lick Br other to his former health : For this 
Spirit w^ fo ftrong, that it did much reviue 
or fortijie the fpirit of my Brother^who as long 
as he lived daily prayed for me for he lived 
long after y ay.d then hid me farewell. His and 
mj pra)ers did fo much prevail , that the 
Creator^ di f cover edy and hj reafon of my dili" 
gence did demon\lrate unto me^ even thaty 
which yet remai'neth hid to the wife men^oS 
. the) call themf elves. 

So therefore in this Treatife will I declare^ 
P ^ and 

aiS The Preface of the Author^ 
iir^d f^ far as if lawful for me to doy ffveaU 
The Stone of the Ancients granted unto lU for 
the health and comfort of man in this VaEe) of 
mtfer)^ M the chief e^ of aH Earthly Treafure. 
Writing th'fe things not for mj own b»t the he^ 
refit oj foflefitjy following therein the method 
i find in the writings of many verj learned 
mens fo that tj mj writings ^ the diSates of Phi* 
hfophy which are very fhort and t/Enigmati- 
cafy thon main attain that Rock on which Truth 
f/f/.^,;^Vj tfith a temporal reward and eternal 
h ejjl/ios^ Atnea^ 


O F T M E 


o r T H E 

Ancient Philofophers. 

DEar Friend and lover of Art, In my Pre- 
face Ipromifed to (hew unco thee, and 
to fuch others who arc very deiirous to 
learn the Properties of Nature, and di- 
ligent fcarchers into Art, That Corner Stone, 
tnd that Rock, fo far as I am permitted from 
above, as our Anceftors the Ancients prepared 
their Stone, which they attained from the Moil 
High, for the prcftrvation of their health, and 
for their beneht in this prefent world. That t 
may therefore perform my promife, and not 
lead thee into Labrinths by Sophiftick errours, I 
will reveal unto thee the Fountain of all good 
things •, therefore obferve my following words^ 
and diligently weigh them, if thou haft a defirc 
to learn this Art : I (hall not ufe much Elo- 
quence, that is not my intent, very little will be 
learned from that, I delight in brevity, whiclt 
ChaW cQutaiii the foundation of the matter- 


2:S Ofth- Great Stone. 

Kno;v, that very £:W jnve attained unto t'lC 
poTcisionof this M-igificry, alchoii^ii many iiavC 
laboured and wrought i;i our Stone, but the true 
knowledge and obtaining thereof, the Creator 
hath not made common, but will grant the fame 
to fuch as are avcrfe to lies, and love the truth, 
and which with humble hearts mofr diligently 
feek the faid Art, cfpecially to fuch who love 
God. unfeignediy, and pray luito him thc^refore. 

wherefore I tell xhcc for '^a trifth ; if ^thou 
wo'-i.ldfr make our great and ancient Ston", fol- 
low my Dodrine, and above all things pray to 
the Maker of every Creature,' that he may beiiow 
on thee his grace and blelsing tojliat end s and 
if you have tinned, confefs and deal ri^teoully, 
and reioive upon it, that you fin no more, but 
live holily, that your heart may be hlled with 
tvery good things and remember wdien ye are 
prvterred to honours, *to be helpful to the poor 
and indigent, that you deliver them from their 
miuri.s, and retrcfti them with yoyr -bountiful 
hand,, that you may obtain the greater blelsing 
from the Lord, and through the Contirmation 
^^of Faith receive your Throne in Heaven prepared 
tor you. 

, My friend defpiie not, ncr contemn the real 
^ writings ot fuch men, wtio had the Stone before 
iisv ior next unto FevcTation of Goal obtain- 
■ ed it from them, and Icf the reading ot them be 
many times and very often reiterated, leaft yoa 
forget the foundation,and the truth be cxcinguiilit 
as a Lamp. 

Then be not unmindful of your dilig:nt labour 
always feekihg in the writings of Aiithors j and 
be not of an uniuble mind, b,it rely on that hxt 


of the Philof.phrrs ^^9 

Rock, Vv herein all wife men do unanmioully 
concurr, for a wavering man is foon led into a 
v\ roug way, and precipitateth himfclf into many 
crrours j and men ot wavering minds fcldome 
build firm hoafes. 

Seeing our moft ancient Stone arifcth nor 
from combudjbie things, becaufe it is free from 
all danger of the tire, therefore feek not for it^, 
in fuch things, wherein Nature will not have JC 
to be found or to be, as if one (liould tell thee ic 
is a vegetable work, it is not^ although a vegeta- 
•tive nature be in it. 

For note, if itlhould be with our Stone, as it 
is with an herb it would eafily be confumed in 
the fire, and nothing would remain but its Salt, 
and although thofe before me, have written many 
things of the vegetable Stone, yet know, my 
friend, that it will be difficult for thee to under- 
fland it, for becaufe our Stone, doth vegetate, 
and multiply its felf, therefore have they called 
it vegetable. 

Know further, that brute Annimals have no 
incrcafe but in their like nature 5 therefore need 
you not (earch after, nor prefume to make the 
true Stone, but of its own proper feed, whereot 
our Stone hath been made from the beginning : 
Alfo, my friend, take notice and imderftand, that 
you take not any Animal foul for tliis work, 
ior tlefh and bloud, as they are granted and be- 
llowed by the Creator upon Animials, do proper- 
ly belong unto Animals wherewith God hath 
framed them, lo that an Animal is made there- 
of : But our Stone which trom the Ancieiats 
came to me as an Inheritance, proceedeth and 
ariieth from tv/o and from one thn:g, which con- 


2 20 Of the Or eat Stone. 

taur-th a third concealed, this is the pure truth 
and rightly (poken '-, for male and temale by the 
Auciearswere taken for one body, not by reafon 
of the outward appearance to the eye , but in 
rcfpcd of that love inaplanted, and from the be* 
guinln^ infufcd into them, by the operation of 
Niture, that they may be known to be one, and 
as the tvvd do propagite and increale their 
Seed, f) alfo the iced of the Matter, whereof 
oar Stoiic: is made, may be propagated and iug- 
nun ted. 

It you arc a true lover of our Art, you will 
zuAch cibem and wifely condder this faying, lealt 
you fall and flip with other blind Sopliifkrs into 
tbe pit prepared by the enemy. 

My Friend, that you may underhand from 
whence this feed cometh, enquire of thy fclf to 
what end thou wouldil prepare the Stone, then 
Will it b: mmiFed unto thee, that it proceedeth 
from no other matter, than .from a certain me- 
tj.iick root, from whence alfo, the metals them- 
ielves, by the Creator, are ordained to proceed, 
whicli how it is done. Note, 

Tnat m the beginning, when the Spirit moved 
:.!pon the Waters, and all things were covered 
withdarknefs, then the omnipotent and eternal 
God, v*hofe beginning and whofe wifdome with-^ 
i>.;t cndy was from eternity, by his unlearchable 
Cojnlel, dri create the^ Heaven and the Earth, 
^lid all things vifible and invihble in them con- 
uiucd, Oi.t oi' noting, by what nam.s f:)ever they 
iie called, for God nude all thing; cf nothing. 
il.u how this raoft glorious Creatio.i vvai done, I 
ihillnot now treat, let the Scriptures and Faich 
judge tncre o:". 

0f th^ PhUofophnu 2!LI 

The Creator hi the Creation, gave to cvtry 
Creature a peculiar feed, that there (hould be an 
cncrcafe (kaft they (hould tend to a coiicluficn or 
dctriri.ent) whereby Men, Animak, Vegetables, 
and Metals might be preferved, neither is it law- 
ful to Man, to produce a new feed at his pleafurc, 
but is a^ainft God's Ordinance, for to him is 
granted propagation and increafe '^ for the Crea- 
tour hath reierved to himfelf the power to crcute 
Seed, elfc were it pofsible for Man to ad as Crea- 
tor alfo, which muft not be, but is proper to the 
liigheft power. 

Then conceive thus of the feed proceeding 
from Metals, that the Celcfiial inftiience, accord- 
ing to Gods good pleafure and ordinance, de- 
fcendeth from above, and mixeth it (elf with th^e 
Aftral properties , for when fuch ccnvindion 
happens, then thefe two beget an Earthly lub- 
Ci:ancc, as a third thing, which is the beginning of 
our feed, its firft original, whereby may be de- 
tnonftratcd the antiquity of its generation, from 
which three the elemenesdo arife and proceed, 
as water, agree and Earth, which work further 
by afubterranean tire, until it bring forthaper- 
' fed thing, which Htrmes^ and all others before 
HiC, have called the three hrft Principles, becaufe 
we could find no more from the beginning of the 
Magiftery, and they are found to be an intrinfick 
Soui,an impalpable £piiit,and a corporeal and vi- 
fible Efllnce. 

Now whe n thefe three do dwell together , 
they do proceed by copulation, by fuccefs of 
time , by Vulcans help into a palpable iub- 
ftance, viz* into Mercury, Sulphur ^ and Salt, 
^iiich three if by commixtion, they are brought 

2 22 Of the Grea' Stone 

to induration and coagulation, as Nature doth 
many ways operate, then is there made a perfcdt 
body, as Nature would have it, and its Ic-d is 
chofen and ordained by the Creator. 

Whofbcver thou art that prefumcfl to dive 
into the fountain of our work, and hopeit to ob- 
tain, by thy ambitious enterpriie, the rewardof 
Art, I tell t hee by the eternal Creator, for a truth 
of all truths, that if there be a Metalick Soul, a 
Metalick Spirit, and Metalick form of Body,' 
that there mull alfo be a Metalick Mercury, a Me- 
talick Sulphur, and a Metalick Salt, which of ne- 
cefsity can produce no other than a perfedt Meta- 
line Body. 

If you do not underftand this that you ought 
to nnderftand you are not adepted for Philofophy, 
or God concealeth it trom thee. 

Therefore in briet thus, It v*'ill not be pofsible 
for thee to attain this end with proht in a Meta- 
lick way, unleis you conjoyn the laid three Prin- 
:ipks into one , without errour. Underltand 
further, that Animals arecompoled of Flefliand 
Blood, even as Man is, and have a living Spirit, 
find breath iiifufcd in them, which they enjoy as 
Man doth \ but they are without a rational Soul, 
wherewith Man is endued above all Animals : 
Therefore when they dye they are at an end, nei- 
•;her is there any hope of them torcver. But 
Man, 1^ he olTer up his life by a tcmiporai death 
to his Creator, his Soul furviveth, and . after his 
piirihcation, his Soul returning to his purihed Bo- 
dy (hall again dwell therein^ fo that Body and 
Spirit are again uaiited, and will clearly manitelt 
their Ccleitial clarihcatioa, which can. nevier be fe- 
parated co all eternity, &c. 


of '.he Phiicfoijhers. 225 

Therefore Man by reafon of his Soul is eftcem- 
ed a fixed Creature (although he eye a tcr ; oral 
deathj yet (hall he live forever i, for Man's -L^th 
is only a clarihcatioii, that by certain dcg/ces or- 
deined of God »hc might be freed trciii 1 is i^rie- 
vous Sins, and tranfplanted into a better Uate, 
which happtneth not to other Animals, there- 
fore are they not clkemed iixcd Creatures, for 
lifter their death .they enjoy no Refurrcdtion, for 
they want a rational Soul, tor which the only and 
true Mediator the Son of God hath Ihcd his 

A Spirit may abide in fbme certain Body, hut 
it doth not therefore follow, that it is there to bs 
fixed, although thaf Body agree with the Spirit, 
^nd the Spirit be not angry with the Body, for 
they both want that itrong part which ovcr- 
cometh and confirmeth the Body and Spirit, and 
pr: Lrveth and detendeth it from all dangers, viZ' 
the nioft precious, noble, and hxt Soul : ii»>T 
where the Soul is wanting there remains no hope 
of Redemption > for any thing without a Soul is 
imperfect, which is one of the highelt Myfteiics 
wiiich ought to be known to the wife and dili- 
gent (eeker of our Work : And my confciencc 
'Will not luftcr me 10 pafs over this in lilence, but 
to reveal it to thofe, who loye the foundation 
of wiidome. Th^re my beloved iriend, be thou 
attentive to what J ihall tell thee, that the Spirits 
hid in Metals are not alike, the one|r' 
volatile, or more fixt than the other. So alfo^re 
their Souls and Bodies unequal > whatfoever Kle- 
tal conraineth in it felf ail the three parts of 
feiity, tnat Metal hath obtained that power to 
^pide in the tire, and overcome all its enemies, 


2 24 OftheCrea^ St^ine 

which L> only found in Sot : Luna containcth W 
itfclf a fixed Mercury, therefore (he flyeth not 
fo foon in the fire, as do th'other iniperted mt* 
tals, but abideth her cxamen in the hre, and ma- 
nifcfteth it very nobly by her vidory, j,that greedy 
Saturn cannot pr6y upon her. 

Amorous Venus cloathed and pofTefled with an 
abundant tin^nse, for her body is alnnoft all a 
mcer tindture, like in colour to that which is in 
the beft metal, and by rcafon of its abundance of 
tincture appcareth to be red, but by reafon her 
body is leprous,that firm permanent tinfture can- 
not >abide in an imperfeft body, but is found to 
fly with the body \ for when the body is confum- 
cd, the foul cannot ftay, but is forced to be gone 
and fly, bccaufe Its habitation is confumcd and 
deltroyed by the fire, fo that it can find no place 
nor kfioweth where to tarry, but in a fixed body 
(he willingly and conftantly inhabiteth. 

Fixed Salt hath given and lett with warlike 
Mars a hard, conftant, and grofs body, whereby 
is manifdted the, gencrofity of his mind, from 
which warlike Captain can hardly any thing be 
gotten, for his body is lo hard that it can hardly 
be penetrated > but if his fierce valour be ipiri- 
tually united with the fixity ot Lunay and the 
beauty of Ve^m by a right mixture a curious har- 
mony may be made, by which fome Keys may bf. 
fo advanced, that the necay it he get up th* 
higheit itcp ot the Ladder, may get a living Far- - 
ticft aritcr i for the PhiegmacicK quality, or m^ift 
natLU*c of Lmj ought to be dryea up by the ar- 
dent bioud ot VenM-, and its great biaci^ntfi cor- 
reded by the Silt ot M.2r/. 

There is no uiccGity toi you t j ftck yo. r ^ccd 


in theE!ements,for our (bed i=; not put (b far baek^ 
butthcrc i.v a nearer plj^c, whtrc. o".i i'ccd hath 
its certain habitiuion and lodging, ibtliat it you 
only piJirie the Mercury, Sulphu:r, and Salt, (ot 
the Philofophers; (b that of their Soul, Spirit, and 
Body be made an inicpiirabk conji;ndlion, which 
may never be (cparated the one from the o.hcr, 
nor can be divided, then is made the perfcd: bond 
of Love, and aiiabitation is fufticieatly and ex- 
cellently prepared for the Crown. 

Know alio, that this ijj only a liquid Key, like 
unto the Celelbal property and dry water, addict- 
ed to an Eairthly fiiblrance, which are all bn.t one < 
thing, proceeding ani growing from three, two,.' 
and one, if yon can apprehend this, then have* 
you obtained the maftery, thenconj'cyn the Bride 
with the Bri^Jegroom, that they may feed nnd' 
nourilheach other with thcirown flcdiand blood, 
and increafe infinitely from their own feed. 

Although I could willingly out of love reveal' 
more unto you, yet the Creator hath prohibitccti 
me ^ wherefore it becometh rnc not to ipeak vwoici 
clearly of thcfe things , lefi thegifcs of the Molt. 
High be abufed, and that I Oiould be the cauC of 
mittingof many fins, fothat I (hould pulldowii- 
Divine Vengeance lipon me, and with otlkrrs be"' 
caft in to eternal puniiliments. 

My friend, if theie things be uot clear enough' 
I unto thee, then wijl I lead thcc to that my pva- 
: dick part, v/ho I accomplifhed, the Stone of the 
i Ancients by the aihftance of the Almighty, conti-' 
der it well, and with diligent and frequent rcitc* 
ration throughly read my XII Keys, and fb pro* 
ceed, as i fhall here teacli and infcrLiCf you^ funda- 
mentally by way of Parable. 

%i6 Of the GreAt Stone 

Take a piece of the bcft fine.GoId, and fcparatc 
the fame iii parts, by Tach means as Nature hath 
granted unto the Lovers of Art, even as an Ana- 
tomic divideth the dead body of man, and 
thereby (earchcth into the inward parts of the 
hnuiane body, and make thy Gold to be reduced 
to what it was at the Hrlt, then will you find the 
Seed, the beginning, middle, and end, whereof 
our Gold and its Wife were made, viz* out of a 
penetrating fubtil Spirit, and of a pure chaft and 
immaculate Soul, and of an Aftral Silt andBal- 
fam , which after their conjundlion are nothing 
cKe but a Mercurial Liquor, which fame water 
was brought to School to its own God Mcrcuryy 
who examined that water, and having found it 
to be legitimate and without deceit, he joyned 
in fjiendlhip with it, and joyned with it in Ma- 
trimony, and fo of both them was made an in- 
combullible Oyi, then Mercury grew {'o proud 
that he {c:ixzc knew iiimfclf ^ he caii: off his Ea- 
gles wings, and himfclf (wallowed up the llip- 
pcry tail of the Dragon , and oiiercd battel to 

Then Mzr/ gathered his Champions together, 
and gave command that Mercury fliould be in:i- 
prif( •ned,to whom Vulcjn was appointed Gaolor, 
until he (ho.ild be freed by fomc of the feminine 

After the(c things were rumored abroad,the o- 
ther Planets met together, and held a counfcl, 
ihcy conlidered what was ht to be done that they 
might wifely proceed. Then Saturn the hril in 
Order with a fierce Speech began to fpeak after 
this manner. 

I S^tnni^ the hi^hcft Blanet in tl^ firmament, 


tf the PhiUfophers. 2tj 

protcft before you all my Lords, that I am the 
moft unprofitable and contemptible of you all, of 
♦n infirm and corruptible body, of a black colour, 
obnoxious to the injuries of many afflidions in 
this miferable world, yet am the examiner oS 
you all. For I have no abiding place, and I take 
with me whatfoever is like unto me : the caufc of 
this my mi(ery is to be imputed to none but in- 
conftant Mereury^ who by his carelcisnefs and neg- 
ligence hath brought this evil upon me : There- 
forc,my Lords, I pray you,rcvcnge my quarrel o» 
him, and feeing that he is already in Prifon, kill 
him, and let him putrefie there, until not one 
drop of his bloud be any more found. 

Saturn having ended his Speech, brown Jufi-' 
ter came on , and began his Speech , with hil 
bended knees, and with the reverential honour of 
his Scepter, commending the requcils of his fel- 
low Saturn-^ commanded all fuch to be puniflicd 
that (hould not put thofe things in exccution,and 
fo he made an end. 

Then came Mars with his naked Sword vari- 
oufly coloured, like a fiery glafs, ihining with di- 
Yers and ftrange rays, he brought this Sword to 
Vulcan the Gaolor, to put therewith in executioa 
all thofe things commanded by the Lords, which 
when he had killed Mercury^ he burnt his bones 
in the fire, wherein Vulcan the Gaolor was very 

In the mean time, whilft the Executioner was 
performing his office, comes in a beautiful and 
white (binning Woman, in a long Robe of a lit- 
ver colour, woven with fcveral water-colours^ 
which when (he was received, (he appeared to bs 
lAina^ S$ls wife •, (he fell on her face, aad with^ 

0^2 iaany 

12? Of the Gvnt Stone 

Riany (ears, and on her knees bclought them, that 
her husband Sol might be let ijt liberty out of the 
Prifon, into which A/crcwr^ by force and deceit 
had call hirti in, where to this day he hath been 
detained by the Command of ch' other Planets \ 
but Vulcan denied her, for he was fo commanded 
to do, and perfifted in hrs purpofc in executing 
the Sentence. Then came Dame VcnUs in a gar- 
ment, of pure red, interwoven with green, of a 
moft Beautiful countenance, a moft graceful and 
pleafant fpeech, and molt aniiable gefiure, bearing 
iiibft fragrant flowers in her hand, which by the 
variety of the colours did wonderfully refrefh 
and delight the eyes of thole that looked rn her ', 
(lie made interceliion. in the Chaldean Language 
uiito Vulcan as Judge fot liberty, and put him in 
remembrance, that Redemption muft come frcm 
z womian kind ^but his cars were ftopt. 

In the mean tiitie while thefe two thus con- 
ferred together, the heaven opened tt felf, and 
thence came a great Animal with many thoufands 
of young ones, drivi;ig away and expelling the 
Executioner. He opened his ]aws wide , de- 
voured the precious Lady Tf^w the huerceder, 
crying with a loud vOife, my defcent is of \Vc;- 
men, and Women have plentitully fpread abroad 
my Iced, and have hlkcl the Earthwith it •, heV 
Sou] is kind to mc, therefore will rt-edindilotii 
rifh my fcif with her blood- : When thi^ Aniiilul 
liad thus loudly fpok;:n, he with'dr'ew himU'lt 
into" a certain Conclave,' And flr.^t the door after 
him'y and a}] his young ones follovved him in or- 
der, where they wanted mAich irlcrefood thl^S 
before, and they drank of^ the former ificbmbb- 
itibl^/O)!, and theydid 'eafily dig^lUh^r meat 
■ -^^ smd 

of the philosophers. 21 f 

and their drink, and they had many more youn^ 
o les than before, and this happened often^, unUt 
they had replenilhed the whole world. ' j 

when all theie things had fo- happened^ man]^ 
skillful men of every Co an try, learned in all l^ind 
of Studies, met together, who endeavoure^i to 
find out the interpretation of all thofe things 
md fpceches, that they migiit for the moll part 
;ht:tter underitand thofe things, but none of X&eni 
JcoLild attain unto it, for they were not all of one 
ipind, until at laft came forth a certain Old Man, 
his Beard and Hair as white as Snow, with aPur^ 
pie garment from the Head to the Foot, he had.a 
Crown on his Head, whereon there Ihined a moft 
precious C-irhuncle, he was girt about with the 
Girdle of Life , he went on his bare Feet, he 
(pake from a lingular Spirit that was hid in him, 
his Speech penetrated through the innermoft parts 
(of the body, fo that the Soul heartily received i|g 
This mm afccnded the Chair^ and exhorted the 
Aifembly there met to be filent, and to hearken 
diligently to what he fhould tell them, for he tvas 
fent trom above to interpret unto them the atbre- 
faid wi Icings, and to reveal it by Philofophick ex- 

ri-:.When: they were all quiet, he began after this 
manijer. .iii: v.. 

A A^ake, O Man,and contemplate on the Lightj 
Icii the Darknef& (educe you : The Gods of For- 
tune, and the Gods of the greater Nations, have 
revealed unto mc in a deep ileep. O how happy 
rsi-±u Minv That acknowledgeth the Gods, how 
great and wonderful things they work, and hap^ 
©y is he whofe eyes are opened, that he may lee 
t:he light, which before was biddcti. 

^\ 3 Two 

136 Of the Gr est S tone 

Two Stirs have the Gods gran ted unto Man, 
to lead them to great wifdom,J which ftcdfaftly 
behold, O Man, and follow their fplendor, foi 
wifdom is found in them. 

The Phoenix of the South hath fnatcht awa) 
the heart out of the breaft of the huge beaft ei 
the Eaft, make wings for the bcaft of the Eaft, a; 
hath the bird of the South, that they may be c- 
qual •, for the beaft of the Eaft mult be bereaved 
of his Lions skin, and his wings muft vanifn,and 
then muft they both enter the Sat Ocean, and re- 
turn again '^with beauty. Sink your di(quietcd 
Spirits into a deep fountain, that never wants 
water, that they may be like their Mother, that 
lyeth hid therein, and from three came into the 

Hungary firft begot me, the Heaven and the 
Stars preferve me, and I am married to the 
Earth s and although I am forced to dye, and to 
be buried, yet Vulcan reviveth me the fecond 
time, therefore Hungana is my Native Country, 
tnd my Mother containeth the whole world. 

when thefc things were heard by the AfTem- 
bly then prefent, he further fpake thus. 

Make that which is above to be beneath, and 
that which is vifible tobe invifible,and that which 
is palpable to be impalpable : And again, make 
that which is above be made of that which is be- 
neath, and the viftble of the invifible, and the 
palpable of the impalpable thing > this is the 
whole Art abfolutely perfed: without any dck^ 
or diminution, wherein dwellcth Death and Life, 
Death and Refurrcdion, it is a round Sphcar, 
wlicrein the GodJefs of Fortune driveth her Cha- 
fict, and coir. mu ska teth the jjift of Wifclcm to 


«/ the P hthfophers. t J I 

the Men of God. Its proper name i$ according 
to our temporal undtrltanding, All'm Ally ; Jlic 
Highell he is Judge over things eternal. 

Whofocver dclirtth to know what the AU m 
AH is, let him make very great Wings for the 
Earth, and force her Co much, that (he lift her 
fclf up, and raiic her fclf on high, laying through 
the A'lf into the Supream Region ot the highclt 
Heaven. Then burn her wings with a very 
ftrong Fire, that the Earth may tail headlong into 
the Red Sea, aiyi be drowned therein, and with 
Fire and Air dry up the Water, that thercct^ 
Earth may be made again h Then I (ay have you 
the AH in All. 

But it you cannot apprehend this, inquire into 
thy (elf, and fcek about in all things that are to 
be found throughout the world : Then will you 
jind the AH in All-, which is the Actradive Power • 
of all Metallick and Mineral things, proceeding 
from Sah and S idphnr^ ^nd twice begotten of 
Mercury : More (I tell you) is not meet tor me to 
(peak of that, which is the All in All^ bccaufe AH 
is comprehended in AH* 

This Speech being made, he faid further, O my 
Friends, thus by the hearing of my voice have 
ye learned wiidom , from what and by what 
means ye ought to prepare the Great Stone of the 
Ancient Philofophers, which healeth all leprous 
and imperfect Metals, and openeth unto them a 
new Birth5and preferveth men in health, and pro- 
longeth their lives, and hath hitherto prcfcrved 
me by its Celeftial power and operation, that 1 zn\ 
very willing to dye, bemg weary of this life. 

Praifed be God for ever for his grace and wi(^ 
dom , which of his mercy he hath^a long tim<? 
belto wed on mc, Amen* Q^-f Ait4 

27 2 ThfX\l^'f)S. 

And (o he v.\nifncd away before their eyes. 
. This Speech bLiiig eiidud, every one returned 
wntohis own home trorn whence tkey came, me- 
clitat'mg niv^ht and day on thefe things, and la- 
bouring every one accordini^ as the cxpcrtures of 
their Genius enabled them, &c* 

Now follow the XII Keys of 

Basil I US Valentfnus, , 

wherewith rheDoorsare opened to the nioli .Anci- 
ent Stone of our Anedlors, and the molt fe- 
cret Fountain of all Health is difeoveirtd. 

rieX\lKe)S. 2? 

JTNow, rny Friend, that ii-npure and defil 
^ things are not i\t tor our work v for their L 
prolie,can be no iielp inpuroperations^that whic 
is good is hindred by that which is impure, 

- All Wares (old frofn the Mines are worth ones 
money, but when they are ibphiilicated, they ar© 
unlit for ufejfor they are couuterfeited^aijd are not 
of th: fame operation as they were before. 

As Phyficians cleanfe and purifie the inward 
parts of the body, by means of their medicineSjCX- 
pelling all impurities from thence. So alfo ought 
our bodies to be purged and purihed from all their 
impurities,that pcrkdfion maybewTought in our 
Birth :pur Mailers require a pure and undehlcd bo- 
dy, which is not adulterated with any ipot or 
ftrange mixture : For the Addition of anothes 
thing is a Leprofie to our Metals. 

The Kings Diadem is made of pure Gold, and a 
chait Biide mui\ be married uuro him. 

Wherefore if you will work upon our bodies, 
take the m.oit ravenous grey Wolf, which by rea- 
fon of his Name is iubjed to valorous MjA'j-,but by 
.the Gcnefis ot his Nativity he is-the Son.of old Sa- 
f/^r j,foiifl4 l\X Mountains 6c in. Vallies of the World; 
He IS vQiy. hiu]g,ry, cait unto hnn the Kiaigs body, 
that hejn-4yi;>e ntjpyflK^d by itiand when h^ hath 
utvoijijrjL^.infe iKin^friake a great Fire,,intO;>>:hich 
ciit tht'fiVVpJfi, that he be quite burned^ f hen will 
th^' ivingbv at. liberty again : When you i^tve done, 
tiiis t!KJv»ia:irii<'=|]i.hath the Lion overcome the ,VVojf, conff 
n^v:cl c^hi; tind any more on iiim to tixd upon^ paur- i 4 
S|idig.i|50ur body-prepared tor the bci^hining of ] r/Jxvi'^ 
o.:r wori^. 

ij&P^^-nl^U'>,tb^U: t:hi;i.;i^, the right and true way 
tfip^iV^:r!vj-ir.;o.KSv,turi:hc Lion puuneth himieif 
by i:i)x. L^iuod ca l^c VVol^ ai<a tnc CuiCture ot ins 

r J4 Th XII. K^y 

blood wondci fully rcjoyceth in the tin(^urc of 
the Lion, for both their bloods arc nearer of km 
.one to the other •> when the Lion is fatisHed his 
fpirit is made fironger than it was before, and his 
Eyes (bine with great fplendor like the Sun, and 
his inward Elfencc is ot great efficacy, and is pro-, 
titablc tor any thing you apply it unto : And 
when it is To prepared, the fons of men return it 
thanks, who are troubled with grievous difeafes, 
falling licknefs, and other diitempers : The ten 
Lepers follow him, and delire to drink of the 
blood of his foul, and all fuch that are alBidted 
with difcafcs, exceedingly rejoyce in his fpirit. 

For whoibevcr drinketh of this golden foun- 
tain, foon fecleth a renewing of his nature, th^ 
taking away of evil, the comtorting oUhe blood, 
the itrengtfiening of the heart, and tlK pertcA 
healing ot all the members throughout the bo- 
dy, cither exterior or ulterior ^ it openeth all the 
nerves and pores, expelling the evil, that good 
may come in its place. 

But, my Friend, you mud take very diligent 
pare, that the Fountain of Life be pure and clear, 
t-hat 110 Grange waters be mixed with ouif Foun- 
tain, lelt it prove a mlfcreant, and of a wholc- 
(ome Filb a Serpent be prod^upfi : If al(o by a 
medium a corrofivc (hould brfoyned, by which 
our body might be dillolvcd, fee that all the cor- 
'rdfiVc be walhed away v for no corrofives arc to 
be Lifed again ft inward difeafes (liarp things pe- 
netrate and deftroy, and beget more difeales y our 
Fountain muft be without any poilbn, although 
poiicn expclleth poilbn. ..^ 

When a Tree bringeth forth unwholefomc and 
ungrateful fruit, it ii cut ©ft" at the ftcm, and 


fomc othci kind oF fruit is graftcJ in, then the 
graft luiitcth it (elf with the fttm, io that of the 
ttem, roat^ and graft, a good Tree is picduccd. 
which according to the worknr.ans dtiirc briii^- 
cth forth whoWfome and plcafing fruit. 

The Kii;g walke h through iix places in the 
Celeftial tiimai-nciit, but in the (eventh he keeps 
hisleat', tor the Kiugs Palace is adorned with 
golden Tapeftry : It now you underfiand what 
I iay, then have you opened the hrftLock with 
this Key, and removed the bolt that hindred, 
but jf you cani.otfnd any light herein, then will 
not your glafs Spedacles proht you any thing, 
nor your natural Eyes help you to find out that. 
at hi\ which you would at the beginning. I 
(hall (ay no more of this Key, as luciM Faprm 
taught met 



rht' XII K^)r. 
the 1 1. Key, 

IN the Court of great Potentates various kinds 
of drink are found, yet fcarce any of them 
alike in fnfiell, colour, and tali, for their prepara- 
tion is different i yet all they all drink, becaufc 
they are all made and neceiTary for their particular 
ufes in the family. 

when the Sun fcadeth forth his bcaiTis,irradia^ 

:i^g them fhrough t»".e Clouds it \l ^ommonlv 
:aid, that the Sim attradtth Watef, and that i^ 
will rain *, and that if it attcn happen, the; year 
proves fruitful. 

For the building of a Princely Palace, various 
and divers Workmen- and Mcchanicks muft be 
(et on v^ork,bcfore it be called a bcautifulSc perfe<f^ 
Palace. Where ftones are required, wood muft not 
be ufed. 

Through the daily ebbing and tlowing of the 
raging Sea, which are caufed by a certain Sympa- 
thy from the Celeftial influences. Countries arc 
enriched with many and great riches, for at every 
return it bxingeth with it fome good to the Inha- 
' A Virgin that is to be married, is firft richly a- 
domed with variety of precious garments,that fl^c 
may pleafe her Bridegroom, and beget in him by 
look ing on her a more vehement artedion , but 
when the Spoufe is to take a carnal cognizance of 
her Husband.all thefe Garments are laid afide,nci- 
ther doth fl-ie keep any thing on her, but what the 
Creator granted her at the beginning. 

Even lb our Bridegroom Apllo^ with his Bride to be married , but hrft divers Garments 
are to be made for them,their heads 3c bodies mui^ 
be well wafhed with water:which waters you mufi 
learn' by the divers ways of difliUing, for they arc 
much'unlike, fome are flrong, fome are weak, ac- 
cording as there is ute for them, as I faid of the Se- 
veral forts of drink v and ki]ow,that when the hu- 
midity of the Earth afcendeth, and is elevated to 
the Clouds, it is there coagulated, and. by realbn of 
i its pondcroiitf ralJLth apain,whereby the abfirad- 
cd humidity is a^ara reftortd unto the Earth, 


MS Th- XII. Ke)U 

which ivfrwHiirth , feedeth, and nourifhcth the 
Eirth, that leaves and grafs do thence i^nw^ 
torch, therefore fome preparations of your wa- 
ters ought to be often diiVilled : That that which 
is dravvn from the Earth, may be often returned 
unto it, aud okcn abilracftcd s as the Sea Eurifut 
doth otten leave the Eirth, and covereth it again, 
always keeping its bounds or period. 

when thus the Kings Palace is prepared and 
adorned by feveral worKmen, and the glalfy Sea 
isfinifned, and the Palace furni(hed witngodcls, 
then may the Kingfately enter, and keep there 
his Rchdcnce- 

But my friend know, that the naked Bride- 
groom muit be efpoufed to his naked Bride •,therc- 
torc all ttioie preparations for the adorning their 
ijirmcnts, and beautitying their faces, mull be 
taken away, that they may lye down as naked as 
they were born, that their feed be not deftroyed 
by any Itrangc mixture. 

For a concluiion of this difcTourfe, I tell ydu 
f ruely, that the motl precious water, wherewith 
the Bridegrooms Bable mail: be made, muftbc 
wifely and with great care prepared of two Fen- 
cers Cunderlhnd of two contrary matters J that 
one adverfary may drive out the other, and they 
mult be prepared tor the fight, and the Prize mult 
be won : For what advantage is it for the Eagle, 
to build her Nell in the Rocks, where her Qiick- 
cns will dye on the tops of the Mountains, by 
rcafon of the coldneis of the Snow > 

But if you adde to the Ea2,le the o\d Dragon, 
which hath a long time had his habitatioi^ among 
i)tones, and creepcth out of the Caves, and put 
them both in the Internal Pit, then will P/«/#j 


' The XII. Ke)U 2 J f 

breath upon them, and will enforce a fiery vola- 
tile fpirit out of the cold Vra^un^ which by its ({jn)^ 
great heat burneth the EagltT feathers, and mak- p. ^ ^ x 
cth a fweating Bath, that the Snow on the highc ft 2. f ^a ^ 
Mountanis melteth, and turncth into water. ^ 

whereby the MincraLBath is well prepared, 
which bringeth riches and health to tlie King. 

Tk 1 1 1. itCf V. 

2/1 o TheXllKe)S. 

BY water hrc may ^>e wnollyex^i .p'-iiH^rk '*• 
much water be caft into littic fire,then rnc tire 
gives way to the water, and yieldeth up the vi- 
ctory unto it : So mull our Hery Sulphur be con- 
quered, and overcome by water prepared accord- 
ing to Art. 

If after the feparation of the water, the tiery 
life of our Sulphureous Vapour can but again 
triumph and obtain the vidlory •, but no conqueft 
can be herein obtained, unlefs the King adde torce 
and power to his Water, and hath given it the 
Key of his own proper colour, that he may be 
thereby deftroyed and made invillble \ yet at this 
time his vifible form ought to return, yet with 
a diminution of his fimple EfTence, and meliorati- 
on of his Condition. 

The Limner can paint yellow upon white, and 
red upon yellow, and then a purple col our i, and 
although all the colours appear, yet the lall highly 
excels in its degree : The like ought to be cb- 
ferved in our Magiftery^ which being done, then 
have you before your eyes the light of all wlf- 
^om, that (hineth in darknefs, but burneth not. 

For our Sulphur burneth nut, yet it fliineth far 
and near , neither doth it tinge any thing, urlefs it 
be prepared and tinged with its own tindure, 
whereby it may afterwards tin^e weak' and im- 
perfed Metals : For it is not in the power ot this 
Sulphur to tinge, unkfs the tindure be given it 
in the fixation : For the weakercannot overcome, 
but the ftronger may obtain the vidory over the 
weaker, and the weak muft yield tothelirong. 
Therefore obfcrve for this.difcourfe the following, 

That which is weak cannot fuccQiir the weak, 


nor adniinifter any help in the operation, and one 
combiiftible thing cannot defend another com- 
biiftible thing, kit it alfo be burned > therefore if 
?. defender muft be, that mud aiiifl the combulH- 
ble and defend it : Then that defendor muft have 
a greater power than he that needcth his defence 
protection 5 and principally in its fublbnce ought 
to be mcombuftible. 

So he that would prepare our incombufiiblc 
Sulphur of the Phil ofophers, let him firfl coniidcr 
with himfelf, that he feek our Sulphur in that, 
wherein it is incombuftible, which cannot be, un- 
Jefs the Salt Sea have (wallowed up the body, and 
cai: it np again : Then exalt it in its dt grce, that 
it far exceefi in brightnefs all the other Scars in the 

^ And in its owa Effencc is fo full of blood, as Is 
the Pellican, when (he woundeth her own brealf, 
and without prejudice to her body , nourilheth 
and feedeth,many young ones with her oWn 

This is the Rofe of our MaftcrD, of ^ purple 
colour, and the Red Blood of the Dragon, 
whereof fo many have written •, it :s that purple 
Mantle , richly leaved , in our Art, wherewith 
the Queen r>t Health is covered , and where- 
with . all Metals wanting heat may be re- 

Keep fafcly this honourable Mantle, to- 
gether with the Aftral Salt , which follow- 
crh this Coelcitial Sulphur, Icir iome evil befal • 
it , and give unto it of the volatility of the 
Bird,, as much as will tuifice' ^ then will 
the Cock devour the Fox , airi will aftcr- 

R v/.rds 

^2 Of.TfJfOreat Stone 

wards be drowned in the water, ^d bjingrc" 
vived by the fire, will be again devoured by th^ 
Fox, that like may be reftored to its like. 

Ihc IV. Key. 


ALL Flcd^ that came from the Earth, muft be 
corrupted and jretiirn to Earth again, as it 
was Earth at the firft, then that Earthly Salt be- 
gettcth a new generation, by a Cceleftial revivifi- 
cation, for if it v^xre not firil Earth, there could 
be no revivification in our work h for in the Earth 


ofthePbilofcfheru 247 

IS the Ballbm of Nature, and is their Salt who 
fought after ft he knowledg of al! things. 

At tKe Diy of Judgment' the World Hull be 
judged by Fire, that which was made by the 
Creator of nothing , mufr by Fire be burnt to 
Afhcs, out of which Aflies t!ie Phoenix prdduceth 
her young : For in thofe Afhes lye the true and 
genuine Tartar whicft mfift bediilolved^anJ-whcn 
thatisdiirolved,theiirongdt Lock of the Kings 
Palace nny b:^ opened. 

After that burning, a nevvHeavew, and a new 
Earth (I1.1II be farnied,and the new Man (lull more 
g^oriouily (hinc forth, than ever he lived in the old 
\V orld, tor he (nail be purititd. 

when Allies and Sand are well "saturated and 
concofled in the iire, then the A:rti(l turneth it in- 
roGlafs, which afterward will endure hi the. tire, 
and in colour like a traiilpatent Stone, ai^id is not 
any more like AfoeS^ and this- to the ignorant is 
a great Miltery, but not fo in any wi(e to the ex-, 
perieiiwed Artifr, bLcauie they miderfiand the rea- 
(on thereof, by their uiidcrfianding, and daily ex- 

Workmen prepare L'me of Stones, by b.iiiiirig 
them, that it may be ht for their vtor betore 
its preparation in thr hrj, rx is a' Stone, and can- 
not be Died in wcrk as Lime : Tiie Stone js m. -. 
turated in the hve, and rteei^^etlf'from thefire a 
V. ry high degree of heat, and is made fo fltong, 
that there is fcarce any thing comparable to the 
fiery Spirit di Cm: £/z:t, it it be brouglit to i:^^ 

Every thing being burnt to AHxs by At: \\'\\ 
y'.eli a Salt, if in the Anatomizing therLO': yt.u 
.axe able to i^^.^ a; art if? Sulpftu-r and Met jury, 

■ '• " ^ R 2 and- 

^44 ThfyillKjf. ^ 

and again reftow theni to their Salt, according 
to the pure method of Art i, then may you apain 
by the means of Fire, make thereof again, what 
it was before its deftn.dion or anatomy ■, which 
the wife Men of the World call fooli(hnefs, and 
efteem thcfc things as trilles, and fay, this is a 
new Creation, which God grants not to finful 
man , but they do not underftand that this 
was created before , and that the Artili doth 
only fhew its increafe and Magiikry by the Seed 
of Nature. 

If th- Artiii want Afhes^ he cannot m.ake Salt 
for our Art, tor without Salt our work cannot be 
made into a body, for Salt only coagulatcth all 

For as Salt doth fuftain all things, and prc- 
.{erveth them from putrifadioni even fo the Salt 
of our Mafkrs prclcrveth Metals, left thty be re- 
duced to nothint*, and be corrupted, which can 
in no Wife happen, unlefs their Balfcm perifh, 
and the iiKorporated Saline Spirit ceafe to be \ 
then would their body be altogether dead, and 
nothing could be thereof made to any advan- 
tage, b.caufe the Spirits cf the Metal are de- 
cayed, and at their departure left a naked and 
void habitation, into which no life can be again 

You that are Students in this Art, know; fur- 
then^ that Salt out of Aihes is of very great uie, 
much virtue is contained in them 5 yet is that 
SaJt unproiitable, unltis its iuiide be turned out- 
wards, and Its outi^de iiiwcrds, for it is the Spi- 
rit only thargiveih power and life, (for the nak- 
ed body avo'dcth nothing. J • ^f yoLiknov/ how 
to cbiLiin that. tk:n havt vcuthe Salt of the Phi- 

Jofbphcrs, and the true incombufiible Oyl, where- 
of they have written mai:y things before me: 

Although th^t many vpife^ 
Have foucfht for me vptth care » 

let fcv^ confidcr jphzty ' 
My hidden tfeifure are* 


2 4^ 7/;^XII A'/^r. 

THE vivifying' power of the Earth, pro- 
ductth all things that prccecd there from : 
And he that faith that the Earth is without lite, is 
in an errour. 

For that uiiich is dead cannot adde to that 
which hath 111 e,, uid the off-fpring of the dead 
ceafe, becauie the Spirit of Life is wanting, 
therercfor-c the Spirit is the Life and Soul of tlic 
Earth , ""tliat dwelleth in it, and opcrateth on 
Earthly things, from the Coeleltial and Syderial. 
For all Herbs, Trees, and Roots, and all Metals 
and Minerals, receive thdr powers, increafe, and 
nouridnrient from the Spirit of the Earth : For 
the Spirit is the Life, which is nourifiied by the 
Stars, and adminiilereth of its nourifhmcnt to all 
Vegetables.^ And as the Mother preferveth the 
T^etii^ in the Womb, and feedeth it there h Co alfo 
doch the Earth nourifli in its Bofbm the Minerals, 
by its Spirit received from above. 

wherefore the Earrh afibrdeth not tnofe vir- 
tues of its ic\i\ but the living Spirit which is in 
it •, and if the Earth fhould be nithout that Spi- 
rit, it were dead, and coul^ not yield any more 
nourifnmcnt, becaufe tiie Spirit would want^ that 
Sulphur or Fa tncfsvv'hich preferveth the vivify- 
ing power, and produce tii all growing things by 
its Nutriment. 

Two contrary Spirits may dwell together, yhut 
not ealily agree. R'jr w^hen Gunpowder is kiud- 
led,t^ole two'Spirits whereof it is madetly the 
one 4or th^otiier with great noife and violence,' 
and .vaniih into fume, that none knoweth whi- 
tiicr they aregonc^, or wriat' they were,.unk(s tky 
knew by experience what Spirits they were, and 
iu what (ubf^Cc they had had thur being. 


efthe Philofop-jrrs, 247 

whence you may know, thou Teacher into Art, 
t-hitLife is onfy a m^er Spirit, fo that every thing 
that the ignorant World repute for Dead, may be 
igain reduced- into an imperceptible, vifible, ar.d 
fpiritual Life, and may be prcferved therein, if 
Life only can operate wi^h Life, which Spirits 
feed and noiirilh thcmlLlvcS by a Coekftial fub- 
ftance, and are procreated from a Coeleftial, Ele- 
mentary, and Terrell ial fubftance, which is called 
thz M'teniihtformis* 

A"'d as Iron hath its Magnet, which by its 
wonderful' and invilible love attrac^eth it ■■) fo alfo 
hath our Gold a Magtiet, which Magnet is the 
Frim-i Materia of the Great Stone. If you un- 
derfrand thcfe my expreflions,you are blelTed with 
riches above all the world. 

I will reveal one thing more unto you in this 
Chapter. When a Man looketh in aGlafs, there 
is the rciledrion cf his Image, which if you go to 
touch with your hands, you hnd nothing tangible 
but the Glafs wherein the perfon looked : So alfo 
trom this matter rriuii be drawn a vilible Spirit, 
which neverthelefs is impalpable. That very lame 
Spirit, • fay, is the Pvadix of the Life of our Bo- 
dies, and the Mercury of the Philofophers, from 
whence our liquid Water is prepared in our Art> 
which you muft make again Material with its 
own Compoiition, and by fome certain means 
reduce it from the loweft tothe iiighell degree in- 
to amofrperfcd: M-aifcine. ^ For our beginning 
Is^a fe:rct and palpable body, -the middle, is a fu- 
gitive Spirit, and a-goldenw^ater without any 
currofive, by ^^h\ch our Mafters prolonged their 
Vivci V and cnccKJ is a molt hxfKie.Iicmc lor hu- 
m..ut ^ind NL-f aiiine bodies, which to know ^s ra- 

H .4- thcr 

M8 7lje\llKf)<. 

ther granted to Angels than Men, although fomc 
men are adopted to the fame knowledge, who by 
their earneft prayers obtained the lame of God, 
and are thankful to him therefore, and helpful to 
the needy. 

For a Cocliifion of thefe things, I tell you for 
a trath. that one work proceedeth from another > 
for our matter muft be very well and highly pu- 
rihed in the beginning of our work, then diflfolv- 
ed and defif^.yed, and throughly broken and re- 
duced into duft and alhes : When this is all done, 
then make thereof a volatile Spirit white as Snow, 
and another volatile Spirit red as Blood , which 
two Spirits contain in them a third, and yet are 
but one Spirit. Thefe are the three Spirits, that 
prefcrve and prolong Life, joyn them together, 
give them their natural meat and drink, as much 
as they need, and keep them in a warm bed, until 
the pertld ti-me of their Nativity r, then (hall 
you fee and underftand what the ';;:reatcr and Na- 
ture harh difcovered unto you •, and know that 
my lips never yet fo plainly revealed any thing. 
Fi/rGod hath placed more efticacy and v/ondcr- 
fulneis in Nature, than many thouiands of Men 
can believe h but I am fealed upon alfb that 
othLrs alter me may write of thofe wonderful 
natural things which are granted by the Creator, 
be- by l*cois are counted for fupernatural > for 
that which is- natural luth its firlt original from 
th^t which is fupernatural, and yet arc they found 
together to be only Natural. 



Tm VI. Key, 

■ ^irTjTJsr- ?.-;gT^riaa.-^i.^^-.yr..-^' . 

MAn without a Woman' is elleenied but as 
half a body , and a Woman wichout a 
Mun liktwife obtaincth the name but of half a 
body, for either of. them by themfclvcscan pro- 
duce no fruit ^ but when they live together in a 
Conjugal. State, the body is perfed, and by ihdr 
Seed an incrcafe {lieccedeth. 

250 TheYSlKey, 

when too much Iced is ci([ on the ground, tliat 
the land is overburdened, mature ii;uit cannot be 
txpeded i, andii there be too little leed then the 
fruit Cometh up thiii, and inftead thereof ^row- 
tares, whence liO pro/it can bcexpcdled. 

It' any will not burden his Goniciesce with ini 

. in felling of Wares,]et him give his Neighbour juit 

meaJ5are,and lethlmuie )ui\ weights and meafures, 

. then h'eavoideth curies, and gaineth the bleliings 

of, the poor. 

In great waters it is ealie to be drowned, and 
fhallow waters are eafily exhaulkd by the heat of 
the Siln, that they are of no ufe. 

Therefore to obtain your deiired end, a certain 
meafure muft be obferved in the commixtion of 
the Philofophick Liquid Subftance, that the 
~ greater part do not over-power and over-prefs 
thelelTcr, whereby the Ejfed will lje hindered, 
and leli the lelfer be too wc^k tor the greater, but 
let there be made an equal dominion : lor great 
rains arc unprofitable to Fruits, and overmuch 
drought hindreth true Maturity, wherefore it 
Neptune hath rightly prepared his Water-bath, 
then take a Juft quantity of the jlqua FermnneitSy 
and have a great care that you take not too mi.K;h , 
nor too liti;le. 

A double hery man mult be fed with a white 
Swan w^hich will kill each other, and will again 
revive. And the Air of the four parts ot the 
W'orld mufr poilefs three parts of the included 
fiery Man, that the fong ot' the Sw^an may be 
heard^ when- lliC harmouioully tings her farewell, 
Then the rofted S-van will be food for rhe.Knig, 
a)id the hery Kiug •will exceedingly love 


pleafant voice oT the Qiiccn, and out of his great 
love enibraceth her, and (atiateth himtUf with 
hcr^ until .both vanifli. and become one body. 

It is commcn]y'faid,that two men can over- 
come and conquer one, cfpecially if there be fpace 
enough to excrcife their fury > Avhcrefore knov/ 
from a true ground^ that adorable wind miift come ^ 
called r////;/n/«i,3cthen-a fmgle wind caIIedN'/7//i-:S 
thcle v/ili fiercely blow from the Eaftand South, 
but when they ceafe, fo that of the Air is, made 
Water, then be confident that aCorpojfeal thing 
may be made of a Spiritual, and that thcnumbti* 
wiil bearrulc through the four parts of the -year, 
in the fourth Hea^ven, after the (even Planets have 
exercifed their domJnion , and will rinilh their 
courle in the lowermoll habitation of the Palace, 
and are ready for the highcft Examen, fo thcfc 
two that were fent have overcome and condimed 
the third. 

The Knowledge of our Magiftcry is herein ve- 
ry neceifary for divilion, and conjundion muit he 
rightly make, if Art is to produce riches, and the 
Scales muft not be faliifyed by unequal weights. 
This'is the Rock we propoled, that you be iure to 
finifh this Work by an artiiicial Heaven, by Air, 
and by Earth, with true Water and preceptibie 
Fire, in giving of a lawful weight without any 
dcfed, as I have rightly informed you. 


ihe XII A'of- 


N' Atural heat preferveth the Life of Man, for 
if that be gone, Life ceafet.'-i. 
Natural lire, if it be moderately ufed, deferi'^' 
cth againft cold, but too much is deflru^bive. It 
is not of neceifity that the Sun do corporally 
tou-li the Earth, it is luilicient that the Si '.n doth 
manifelt its power at a diftince by its Rayes, 
which by refl.dion agaiiilt the Earth, arc much 
ftrengthncd , for by that means it hath power 
•nout^h to. perform its ofee, and to maturate 


by cottcodion \ for by the clifrcn' 

the Sun-bcain5 are tempera ted , fo 

nicans of the Air the fire operat- 

means of the Fire the Air opcrat- 

The Earth -withe ut the Water can produce 
nothing, and again, the Water withc.ut the 
Earth exciteth rothing*:* as the Earth and the 
Water need each others alliAance in the produdli- 
on of Fruits, fb m no wife can the Fire withcirt 
the Air, nor the Air without the fire^ for the 
Fire without the Air hath no Life, and the Air 
without the Fire canuot maniteit its heat and 
drynefs. ■ 

The Vine hath more need of th.c heat and 
beams of the Sun at the lattLi time ot its inata- 
ration, than it, had in ^ the bc.s^inuing of the 
Sparing : And if the Sun doth firongly operate in 
the Autumn, the Vine doth Vcild -a better and 
ftronger ]uice, than if the heat of theSun-bcan.ti 
be weak or dchcient. 

In the Wii tei the common people .coi,nt all 
things dead, bccaulL- the cold bindua the Earth 
that nothing can grow \ but as (bon as the Spring 
appeareth) that ciie cold kiTcnLth by the afcenc 
of the Sun, all things revive. Trees und Herbs 
grow, and Int-dfs which hid rhemfelvcs trom 
the cold Winter creep forth otit' -tt' their holcs 
and caves in .the Earth \ ail Vegetables yeild -i 
new favour, and their ExceliCiicy is ditcovcrcd 
by their fair, amiable , ai:d varicut> coIqlis \;£ 
their Blollomes -, z\\\' then the SL'.mmer continu- 
cth the operation, and : r n^^tii . t<.;r[h Fu^iis 
from thefj ievural ki^.d^ ol: Flo.vers<1 - 1 or 
vhiJi thanks be i^iveii to th.: Cre..u.'i-r ^ v', !u. 

3 54 TheXllKejs. 

by his OrJlii-iiice hath (et bouHas unto thefc 
th!ih3,s by Nitare. ..; . 

So yeir followcth^ afrep year, until the World 
be a^ain cle(troyed by its Nlaker, and they that In- 
habit j therein be exalted by the glory of God, 
tjlien (hall all Earthly Nature ceafe to worii, and 


terntl Cotleirial one Hull be in its (read. 

'^' when the S m dcclineth from us in the Winter, 
k cannot dilTolvethe Snowy Mountains,but when' , 
,it approachcth nearer in the Summer,the Airis • 
hott-.'', and more powerful to diiTolve the Snow, 
rhat it turneth it into water^and deftrcyeth it : Fpr- 
the weak, miiii yeild to the ftron^^er , and the 
irroni^er over-rukth the weak. 

'Ihusalfo in our Mai^illcry the government of 
thcFire mutx be dblerved, that the moiil Liquor 
be not too faddenly dryed up, and the Pnilofp 
phick Earth too fuddcnly melted and dilfolved > 
^lle but of whokfome Fiflies in yo'ur Water yoii 
Vill generate Scorpions. But if you defire to b; 
a true Mailer of your Wi rk ^ then take your" 
Spiritual Water, \vl>;;rcon the Spirit moved atthe 
beginning, and fhut the door of defence upon 
ic i for from that time (hall the Heavenly City be 
bellcgcd by Earthly Enemies, and your Heaven ~ 
liiuli: be Iirongly defended with three fences and 
V. alls, that there be no entrance but one, and let 
I 'iat be very well guarded. Wlien all thefe things 
arc done. Kindle your Philofophick Lamp, ai-d 
ieek what you have loil, give lo mucU light as m..y . 
iurl?ee : For Know.^ that Lili:(fts and Worius Uye n 
the cold and moifl Earth, for it is tueir N-;turv- •> 
but mans h.ib:tauon*i$ ordained i6 be upon the 
Earth in a tc^xlpv:rate aiid even coaditu n : 
the -dngelical Spirits tliat have not iin E^nhlv , but 

"'^ ' -an 

7hey.\\ Key. 255 

an Angelical body, andare*iiot obnoxious to the 
pollutions of finful Flcfh -> as man is, they are 
placed in a higher degree, that they can bear 
without aiiy prejudice both heat and cold^ both in 
the higher and lower Region ; And when Man 
fliall be puriiied,he fhall be like thefe G^eleftial Spi- 
rits i for God ruleth both Heaven and Earth, and 
worketh all things in all. 

If we rightly behold our own fouls, then (hall 
we be made Sons and Heirs of God, to effedt that 
which feemeth now impoffible to us : But this 
cannot be done, unlefs the Waters be dryed up, 
and Heaven and Earth with all Men be judged by 


5 '-2 

Th" XII STfis. 
The VIII. Key 









LLFlL^ be It Mins orBeafisydidethnoin- 
cixait cr propagation, ntilcis it be hritputri- 
iicd, alio the Seed -hen it h Sown, and all that 
is under (.1- belonging; to Vegetables cannot m- 
^Micbi.tby puirit.6ioi:. 


neXllKqi. 257 

Many infers and worms receive life, fo th^^ 
by mccr putrifadion they attain a vivifying 
power and motion •, which ought \o be de' 
fervcdiy cfteemed, as a wonder above all won^ 
ders : This Nature hath granted, for the fame 
vivifying increafe and infpiration of life is very 
much found in the Earth, and by the fame rea- 
fon is excited in its ipiritual Seed by the other 

This is demonftrableby examples v The Coun- 
try-wife knoweth it very well , for they cannct 
produce a Hen for their u{e,but by the putrefaction 
of the Egg,out of which the Chicken is generated. 

If bread fall into honey. Ants are bred there, 
which alfo is a lingular myftery in Nature above 
others : The alfo unlerftandeth, 
that worms proceed out of putrid tleih of Men, 
Horfc5,and other Beafts^ and alfo Spiders, worms, 
^c. in Nuts, Apples, Pears, &c. None are able 
to enumerate the various kinds and fpecies of 
Worms,,which proceed frompatrefadion. 

The (kmc is aUb obferved in Vegetables, th:t 
divers kinds of Herbs, as Nettles and many others 
grow in thofe places where fuch never grew, 
now their feed tell, only came by putrtfa9:( on, 
the caufe is, that the earth in thofe places is di{^ 
pofed, and as it were impregnated for thofe pro- 
^dudtions, which hath been infufed from above 
by the fyderial property, that the Seed hath (piri- 
tually been formed into them s which Seed pu- 
trifyeth its felf in the Earth, and by the ope* 
ration and co-afiillance of the Elements . doth 
generate a corporeal matter, according to its 
nitural (pecies , fo that the Star» with the 
E-ments can excile a new Seed which was 

S njt 

2 c, 8 The\\lJCe)S. 

«ot before > and afterwards by fuececding putre- 
faftion may be incrcafed i> But it is nSt granted to 
Man to excite a new Seed '-, for the Oper^ttion of 
the Elements, and the EfTence of the Stars are not 
in hispower tofornu 

Thus divers forts of Vegetables grow only by 
patrefad:icn , brt the Country-man looks upon 
itasufual, and confidereth not, neither can he 
imagine or underfland any rcafon for it, for by 
them its elreemed only as cuflomary : But you, 
v/hcm it becometh to know more than the vul- 
gar, may learn the caufes and fundamentals by ob- 
fcrving thefemy large demonftrations and expref- 
ilons, ziz* from whence this living power of rc- 
fufcitation and generation (liould proceed, not 
elleeming It as cuftomary, but of a diligent fearch- 
cr into Natures Myfteries > becaufc in truth all 
life procecdeth from and is caufed by putrefa- 

Every Element hath in its (clf its corruptio* 
and its viciiiitude of generation : L^t the defiros 
of Art be fare of this, and know it from a right 
foundation , that in every Element the other 
three are hid : For the Air, containeth the Fire, 
Water, and Earth in it:, felf, which fcemetn to be 
incredible, yjt it is true > fo alfo the Fire contain- 
eth Air, Water, and Earth i, and Earth contain- 
eth WatCT, Air, and tire,- cKc they could HOt gc-^ 

And the water hath part of the Earth, Air, 
and Fire, otherwife no generation could follow, 
yet not vvithfran ding every Element is diithid:, al- 
though they are all mixed •, which is evidently 
f jimd by dilhllation in the reparation ef the Ele- 


But I will more clearly demcMiurate this unto 
you, left you being ignorant, judge that what T 
have laid are mear words and not truths, I tell 
you, who earneftly intend the reparation of Na- 
ture, and to underftand the divifion of the Ele- 
ments, that in the diftillation of the Eitth, firft 
the Air cometh very eafily, then after feme certain 
time cometh the Element of Water, the Fire was 
included in the Air, becaufe both are of afpiri- 
rial EiTencc, and do both wonderfully love each 
other. Tne Earth remaineth in tae bottome, 
wherein is the molt precious Salt . 

In the diftillation 'of the Water, the Air and 
Fire tirft come over, then the Water and the body 
of Earth remain in the bottom. The Element of 
Fire, if it be extraded by Fire into a vihble fiib- 
iiance, the Water and the. Earth may be taken 
apart, fo then the Air remaineth in the other three 
Elements, for none of them can want Air : The 
Earth is nothing, neither can it produce any thing 
without Air s the Fire burnetii not, nor hath any 
Ufe without Air •, the Water cannot bring forth 
any fruit without Air, neither can the Air con- 
fume any thing, nor dry up any moifture, but by 
natural heat, becaufefevour and heat is found in 
the Air, therefore the Element of Fire niuft needs 
)e in the Air •, for whatfiever is hoc and dry is of 
:he fubftance of Fire h wherefore one Element 
;annotwant the other, but the commixtion of 
:he four Elements is always found m the generati-' 
3n of all things : And he that denieth this doth 
\ot underftand the Miftcries of Nature, neltl C!C 
lathhe fearched into their properties. 

For you ought to know,^ if any thfn^ proceed 
)y p\Urefadtion it muit of iiecedity b- after tin? 

26o • The XIl Ke^s. 

manner : The Earth by its fccret and hidden 
moifhare is reduced into corruption, or a certain 
dcftriidion, which is the beginning of putrefa- 
dllom for witliOLit moifture, as is the Element of 
water, there can be no true putrefaction: For if 
any getleration do proceed from putrefadion, it 
' muft needs he kindled and produced by the pro* 
perty of heat or Element of fire ^ for without 
natural beat no produdion can be made, and if 
that produdion do alTume a Irving breath and 
motion, that cannot be v/ithout Air *, for if the 
Air did not co-operate therewith, and lend its aid, ; 
then the iirli compolure and fubltance from 
whence the generatic^n proceeded, would of it lelf 
be fuflocated arid dye for want of Air i wherefore < 
it is clearly (eenjaiid fundamentally dtmonlirated, '' 
that no perfed creature can be gei:erated without 
the miniflration of the four Elements, and that al- 
ways one Elr.ment fnewcth its operation and life 
rn anocher, which ismanifelkd by putrefadirion. 

For without that (i, e, Jir) nothing could be 
brought to light, from this time and tor ever, and 
that all rhe tour Elements are neceffary for a per- 
fed: generation, and refufcitation. Know that 
whcnAdam the hrft Man was fornied by the great 
Creator out of a lump of Earth, there did not as 
yet appear any preceptible moti6ir of life, until 
God breathed a Spirit into him^ then was that 
lump or Earth endowed with'^ower. In the 
Earth was the Salt ;. e. the body, the infpired Air 
was the Mercury., the Spirit. The Air by this in- 
jfpiraticn did g)ve a genuine and temperate heat,j 
whkh was Sulphur, /. c. Fire, then it moved it 
fcif, arid Adam manifefted by this motion, that a 
iivir-^ foul was inipired into him? tor Fire can- 

not be withoiTt Air, an4 fo no Air 'without 
Fire : The Water was incorporated with thp 
Earth , for of neceffity they muft be^ogetWr 
in an equal commixture if you ^xpe<3: life to 

So Adam was firft brought forth, generated - 
and compounded of Earth, Water, Air; and Firci 
of Soul, Spirits and body > and cf Mercury, Sul- 
phur, and Salt. 

After the fame manner Eve the firfl Womaij 
and Mother of us all, pcrtook of the fame com- 
pofition, being taken i'lom' Adam'-> fo Eve was 
produced and buiided from Adam : which note 

And that I may again return to putrefaction, 
let the feeker of our Magiftery, and inquirer into 
Philofophy know, that for the fame reafon no 
Metalline Seed can operate, or augment it felf,. 
unlefs this Metalline Seed, by it felt only, with- 
out any ilrange addition or mixture, be brought 
to a perfed putrefadicn : As no Seeds of Vege- 
tables or Animals can produce any increaft with- 
out putrefadion, as is already declared v fo alfb 
underftand of Metals, which putrefaftion muft 
attain its perfed operation by the bcneiic of the 
Elements h not that the Eemcnts w the Seed, 
as before is fuilicicntly manifeficd, biM that Metal- 
line Seed, which is begotten by a Coeleliial, Sy- 
derial, and Elementary EiTence, and is brought 
into a Corporiety, mult be further reduced, 
by the 'Elements into fuch a putrifadion and 

Note thi§alfo, that Wine containeth a volatile 
Spirit, for in its diftilktion the Spirit hril: com- 
eth oven and tl^n the Fiegme : Bat if it be 

S 3 firll 

2^2 _, TheXWKe^^. 

tivil: by continual heai» turned into Vinegajf, its (pi- 
it i:> not To volatile as before \ for in tTie diftilia- 
• ion of the Vinegar, its Water ot Fkgm co#ieth 
x{\, and the Spirit laft \ and although it be the 
ame matter that v/as before in the veffel, yet hath 
\X. by far another-property., being no more Wine, 
but by the putrcfadion of continual heat is tranf- 
muted and made Vinegar : And every thing that 
is extradcd and circulated with Wine, or its Spi- 
"'rit, hath a fjr diffr-rent propriety and operation, 
than that which is extradfcd with Vinegar. 

For if the Vitriumof Antimony \i^ extradfcd 
with Wine, or Spirit of Wine, it provoketh many 
Stools and Vomits \ bccauie its poifon and venom 
is not yet deiu-oyed orextind*, but if the Vitri- 
umof Antimony be extraded with gooddiltill- 
cd Vinegar, it givtthafair extradionof a high 
colour : Then extrad the Vinegar ^tr M B and 
the yellow remaining powder being well edulco- 
rated by often wafhings with comnion VVater> 
that alLicctolity be done av/ay, then is itaiweet ; 
powder which doth not" excite any more Stook, 
but is a very excellent Medvcine for ufe, which ex- 
cels even to admiration, and may be dcfervcdly 
called the Wonder of Medicine. 

This wonderful powder in a moift place rcfolv- 
cth into a Liquor, which is of excellent vXc in 
Ciirurgeiy, curing without any p^:"* 
Whereot" enough. 

And Li"ii> is principally to be noted tor aeon- 
cluuon.cii" this^ifcourfe, that there isaCaleilial 
Crf:;ture generated, whofe life is preferved by the 
Stars, anci tvd by the four Elements, wdiich ought 
robe killed, and then patrihed^ which^ionc, t}"ke 
ScLis by means of the Elements will again infufe 


life into thofe putride bodies, that it may again be 
Hiade that heavenly fubftance, which had its ha- 
bitation in thfrhigheft Region of the Firmament, 
if that be done, you (hall perceive that the Terrc- 
ftial is taken from the Coelcftial, with body and 
life, and that the Terreftitl Body is reduced into a 
Caleftial Subflance, 

SAturn the highefl of the Cceleftial p]anets,hat/| 
themeanet authority in ourMagitoy, yet 15 
he the chcifeit Key in the vv^hoie Art , but placed 

^ 4 in 

16 ^ TheyiWKeju 

^n the lowert degree, and is of very little cftima- 
tion in our Art, although by his fwift flight he 
hatft-clevared himfllf into the highcft pitch above 
all the Luminaries, yet at the clipping of his 
wings, he muft be reduced to the loweft light of 
all, and by corruption niuft be brought to a meli- 
oration, whereby the black muft be changed into 
white, and the white into red s and the other Pla- 
nets mull pafs through all the colours in the 
world , until they come to the proper fupera- 
bounding tlndure of the triumphant King. 

And To I tell you, that although Saturn be 
eftecmcd the mcaneft in the whole vvorld,yct hath 
he in him that power and eflicacy,that if his pure 
Eflence, which is beyond mcafure infenfibly cold^ 
be added to a current fiery Metalline body, its 
running quality may be *taken away, and may be 
made a maleable body,a^ Saturn it (elf i5,bat of far 
greater hxity, which Tranlmutation hath its ori- 
ginal beginning and end from Mercury, Sulphur, 
and Salt. This feems difficult to be underi^ood 
bym.any, as indeed it is*, but becaufc the matter 
is vijc, therefore muft the intclle(f^ be acute and 
hi^h.for tht'rc miuft be unequal fratcs in thjs w^orld 
to cijfcem Maiiers from Servants. 

t roiTi 5^///; /f proceed many colours, that arc 
made by preparation and Art, as black, a{h-€oIour, 
white, yellow, and red, md bciidcs thefe in their 
mixturts oiiie other colours, fothat the matter of 
t.iC Piiilolophers muft pafs through many colours, 
bcfcrc that great Stone^can be exalted to its^ cer- 
tain degree of pcrtcdlion : For as ofteh"Ts a aew 
pjfid^'e 'is opened ro the Fire, lo citcn isanew 
lon.i and iptcies ot its vcuiiiCnts given it tor a rc- 
Wui J, uni J the poor Ariiii gets licheSjand nccdeth 
not to boiiow of anoti:tr. When 

The%\lKe)S. 2^5 

when the Lady Venw pofielTeth the Kingdom^ 
and doth rigbdly deftrlbiite the Offices according 
to theCuftomcs of the Kings Court, (heappeareth 
inMagnifick fplendor, 2ind Mufica beareth before 
her a iTpecious Enfign of a red colour, whereon is 
painted Charity^Vi^xy beautiful in her ^recn Robes', 
and in her Court Saturn is the Mafter Prefidcnt, 
who iV'hen he performs his office, Afironomy car- 
ries a black Enfign before him, whereon fides is 
beheld painted in a yellov/ and red garment \ Ju- 
fittr with his Scepter takes, upon him the Office 
of a MarfhaN, and before him goes FJjctork.z 
with an Enfign of ^n afh-colour, whercn Spis 
is moil beautifully painted with fplendid co- 

Mars ishardned in warlike affairs, and beareth 
rule in the fitry heat, and Gcomctria draweth be- 
fore him a Curtain of a bloody colour, whereon 
Fortitude is decerned, cloathed with a^ red gar- 
ment : Mercury takes his place as Chancellor, and 
before him Arithmetka beareth an Enfign of all 
colours, whereon Temperance is painted in glo- 
rious colours. 

5(?/ he is Vice-Roy of the Kingdom, and--€^r^- 
matica beareth a yellow Enfign before him,wherc- 
on Jullice is painted in a golden Robe : which 
Vice-Roy, although he hath the greater .power in 
his Kingdom, yet Queen Venus hath blinded and 
conquered him,with her tranfcewdent fplcndour. 

ThtnLuna alfo appears, and Viak^tica carries 
before her a filver coloured & (hiningVail,\vhcr e'- 
en Prudence is painted of an a7ure colour : And 
bccaufe Luna's Husband dyed (he gained the Of- 
. fice her felf, left Queen Vcuis fiic uld get into the 
government againjfor (he called her to an account 

■ #f 

166 rt^XII/C^f. 

©f her ofHcc, then the Chancellour aflillcth her, 
that a new Government may be eftablifhed, and 
both them rule above the Queen : UndcrftaHd, 
that one Planet muft drive out arid difpoirefs ano- 
ther of his government, office, pofTelfion, and 
power, until the befl: of all attain the highcft 
power, and with the beft and moft fixt colour 
given them by their lirfl Mother, out of an in- 
nate conftancy, love, and amity they obtain the 
victory : For the old w^orld palTcth away, and 
the new is come in its place, and one Planet de- 
ftroyeth another fpiritually, that h(>that is ilrong- 
eft continues till the laft by feeding upon the 
other , two or three being overcome by only 

For a final conclafion yoi\ may underftand 
hereby that you mufr take the Coeleftial, Lihra. 
Ancs^ ^aHTU5^ C.inm\ Scrrplo^ and Capricorn^ and 
at the other end of the ballance put Gemini^ Sa- 
gittary^ Aquarics^ Pifces^ and i^irgo > then caufc 
that the golden Llw^ leap into the lap of Virgo^ 
To 'will that part of tl^ Scale be the weighted, 
-and weigh down the others then let the twelve 
Signs ci the Heaven come in oppofition to the 
Vlciadcs. And fo after the hnitliing of all the 
colours of the world, there will at lalt be a con- 
iundion and union, that the greateft cometh to 
be the Icait, and the leal; to be the greatcft, 

If that tbc nature of the n>holen^or!d remained^ 
Only in one jiate^ form-^ or quality-, 
And other forms cctdd not by Art be gained^ 
I'hc vpmdcrs of the ivorld would ceafc to he* 
And Natures tnyjicrics would not he raifcdy 
F'orivhofe dlfioveries let God be ;^raifed* 


the X Key. 



/J # s rt .,.^^ti 

IN oar Scene uaadcbymc, and others loiigbe- 
. tore mc, are all the Elements, and a]! the im- 
neral and inetallne fornr;S, yea, aiidali the quali- 
ties and propcrt'es of the whole world contain- 
ed i, for therein is fonnd the greatelUnd ftrongeif 
heat : For bv its sreat intcrm^l hre the cold body 


5^8 rheWlKe^f. 

of Sitit^n iS warmed, and by that heating^ 
challg^d into th j beiijgold ; In it alfo is found tbe 
grcatcitcold, for by its con jundi on the hot Na- 
ture of Ff^^/^r is teiTip^rated, and quick <Meraii^y 
ccagiilated, anl by the fam: reaf on, by its feily 
3 tranfmiTtcd into tile beftfixt Gold:,, Becaufe ill 
thdQ properties ot our matter of- tlie great Stoi^e 
are intufed by Nature, which' properties are coS- 
ccr:^eti and maturated by the degrees of fire, ui|- 
till they have attained the highefl pcrfcdipii, 
which cannot be done before t hat Mount Etm'ih 
Sicilia be confamed by its flames, and notiiciri: 
cold be found any more in the hi^heft Hyferbo- 
'7can Mountains, which place may alio be calte^ 
FUlclfi/fi* I 

If fruits are gatliered J)cfore they are ripe, the^ 
are untimely and unprohtable, neither arc the 
tat for vie ', lb unlcis the Potter burn and concoc 
fcjs wares enough in the lire, they are UHtit; f( 
t^ie, becaufe they were not luf&ientl^'-Maturateil 
in the tire. v ••;: ' v * ^| 

So alio concerning O'lr E/i.wybii inuf^^ilii- 
gently confider thit a juit time be given ity;anj 
inat before that timenoriiini^ of it^ virtue be;^der 
arjcfed, Jcli it be alpcrled and efletmedfpr aii binh 
worthy thiui^. - - ■- {| 

It is evidently known, .that if the blofloms &e 
plucked oli^ no fruit can grow there, therefore 
baft is not for our Magiikry, therefore he" that 
jDukes too much l.ait ieldomedoes good in our 
Art, but by lull more is fpoiled than perform- 

wherefore kt nr fearcher of Truth fuffct 
him^d^ to be deceived witn overmuch defire to 


TheXll Ke)S. 260 

gatficif and pluck it before its time, kfl: the Appk 
flip from^him, and the Stalk cnly remain in his 
hand : For in truth, if our Stone be not fuffid^ 
cntly maturated, no ripeHc(s can be produced 
from it. 

The Matter is diiTolved in Balneo^ and united 
by putrcfadtion in Afhcs it produceth flowers *, iis 
Sand all its fupcrfluous humidity is dryed-away 1 
but a quick fire maturateth it with fixation, not 
that you nmfl needs ufc Balncmn MarU^ Fimm 
Eqmnus:, Afhts and Sand fucccifivcly , but that 
the degrees and regiment ef the Fire be(o per- 
formed ; For the Stone is made in an empty Fur- 
nace, of a threefold defence [or wall ■ hrmly lockt 
up, inclofcd and concoded with a continual 
Fire, iftitil all Clouds and Vapours vanifh, and 
the Garment of Honour appear in the greateii 
fplendor, ihid remains in one place -of the l-ow-cft 
Heaven, and it be Itopt in its coiyrfe. And whcc 
the King can lift up his Armcs no longer^ hz 
hath obtained the government of the whole 
World, for he is made the King of everlafting 
fixity, no danger can ever hurt him , for he is 
become invincible : Now let me tell you, when 
y-our Earth is diliblvcd in its proper Water, drj 
away the Water throughly by its due Fire, then 
will the Air breath into it a new life, aiid whcia 
■this life is incorporated, you have aMatter,whkh 
. defer vedly can have no other naj^ie, than the great 
Stone of the World i> that as a Spirit pcnctiateth 
humane and m.ctalline bodies, and is the univerlal 
Medicine, without dcfcvi, for it expel' cth the 
evil and prefer veth the gco4, it is a'Ko a meliorati- 
on, to corred: the evil with the ^ood.; Ics colour 


a7o TheXllKej^. 

«^eclineth from a (hining; rednefs to a purple, from 
a Ruby to a Gravate colour, and in weight it is 
exceeding and very great. 

Whofbever {hall be adopted to this Scone, let 
him return thanks to the Creatour of every crea- 
ture, for that Coelcftial BalCime s and let him pray 
that for hinifclf and his neighbour he may uk it for 
the fuitentation of this temporal life, and that 
he may enjoy eternal happinefs in this vaHcy of 
miferles, and in the other world to cqme. 

Let God be highly praifed for this his unex- 
preiTUc gift and grace forever, Amen* 


The XII Key. 

'the XI Kiy 


THE eleventh .Key of the multiplication of 
our Great Stone I will difcover and revca? 
mto you by way of Parable after this manner. 

In the Eaft ther^ dwelt a Knight, called (7/- 
i'J»£/zx, wh€) mightily sboundcd inweaUh, i:nd 


2 72 T(f- Xll Ke\!;. 

did excel 1 in all good things : He choft arid took 
for his Wife his own Siller Euridice '> but when 
hg could have no iifue by her, h * imputed it to 
his fins in chufing his own Sifter for his wife: 
With his daily prayers hebefought and bcg'd the 
moft high God, that he would communicate to 
him his Grace, and give way to his requell . 

Being fometime overcome with deep fleep , 
there con\e to him a man flying, named Ph^bus^ 
he toucht his feet, which were very hot, and faid, 
Moft Noble Hero , you have travelled through 
maiiy Kingdoms and Provinces5and many Towns 
and Regions, and have undergone many dangers 
in the vaft Ocean, and Iiave fuftained fo much of 
the war, that you liave acquired that Noble Or- 
der, ana have merited that dignity before any 
other, having broken many weapons in Duels and 
Tourneaments, and have often obtained honour 
by the Venerable Matrons : Therefore my Father 
in Heaven commanded me, that I fliould declare 
luito you, that your fupplicarions were heard j 
therefore you are to cake the blood of your right 
iide, and the blood out of your Wifes left fide, 
and the blood which was concealed in the heart 
of your Father and ^/iother, they are naturally 
two, and yet but one blood i, conjoyn thefe toge- 
ther, and caufe again thit they enter the Globe 
of the feven Makers, nakculy encioiedi 
then is that migmy generation nourilhed with ^iis 
own flefh, ana is renevved with iiis o/zn no'^- 
ble blood > if you have done this rigntly you th .il 
leave a numerous generation, and uiue/xgoi: ten 
of your ownbody : But Know, that the L d 
ia the eiguth Revolution of time, will hii'ih i^- 
cour-lc, as the firil iced out of whicti at firit ic . 

inadc : If you do this often, and always bcgin- 
cfl anew, you (hall fee your Childrcns Children : 
That the great World fliall be throughly reple- 
ni(hcd by the generation of the Icfler, t^iif-may- 
abundantly polfeis the Coeleftial Kingdorh^of the 
Creator. . *-"'-". \ 

This being cndeds Thjdhus fled away agaitii and 
the Knight awakened out of his flcep, an|Jaro{c 
from his bed, and having done all things as he 
was commanded, he not only found good fuc- 
ceis in his undertakings, but God alfo gave to him 
and his Wife many ChiIdren,who by their Fathers 
Teflament did poflefs a memorable name, and the 
Honour of that Noble dignity did forever endure 
in that family with great riches. 

Now, Son of Art, if you have underftanding, 
you need no other interpretation;, but li you 
have no underftanding impute it uot unto mc, but 
to your own ignorance. 

tor I am prohibited to open this Lock any 
more, and Imuft obey, and obierve its method 5 
but to whom the Omnipotent gives to know, to 
him U is evident enough, and dearly written j 
yea, and more clearly than can be believed. I have 
dcfcribed the wholeprocefs hguratively,and after 
the Philofophick manmr, and as my predecclTors 
have done^ yea, and more phinlyAhan them, for I 
have concealed ncthiur^ : If you remove the veil 
from your Eyes, you ihalftiad that which many 
have Ibught, and tew hnd , for the Matter is abfo- 
lutely exprefTcd by its Nami-, the bcgimring^mia- 
fllle, and end is alio demoultrated. 


2 74 

the XII. Key. 

A Fencer who knowcth not how to ufe hiswca- 

pon, it canbc oi no advantage to him, bc- 

catife Ik heith not rightly learned tJhe uie thereof ^ 

anc^rhi.r that better undcriiands it than himfcIF, 

%htii,i^ with h'nij the- i.nskliiful mufi needs be 


TheXllKeyu a "5 

: beaten by him i, He that hath well attained the 
Maflcrjr Qf rfic Fencing School wins the Prize* 

So h^that hath by the Grace ot the Oamipo- 
tcnt God obtained the Tindture, and knowcth 
not how to Life it^ (b it happeneth unto him as 
was faid ot" the Fencer, that knew not the ufe of 
his weapon : But (eeing this twelfth and Ii&.Kcy 
is for the iinifhing of my Book, I will not detain 
thee any longer in parabolical or figurative ex- . 
preffions, but without anyobfcurity I willdif- 
cover this Key of the Tindf are in a moli perfcd: 
and true proceis , Therefore obferve my docffrine 
as it follows. 

When the Medicine and Stone of the Philofo- 
phcrs is made, and pcrfedly prepared out of the ' 
true Virgins Milk, take thereof one part, of the 
bcft and purelc Gold, melted and pureed by Anti- 
mony, three parts , and reduce it into as rhiu 
plates as polhbly you can, put thcfc together into 
aCrufible, whcrchi youuie to melt Metals, firit 
give a gentle Fire for twelve hours, then let it 
Itand three days and nights continually in a melt- 
ing Fire, then are the pure Gold and the Stone 
nade a mecr Medicine, of a fiabtile, fpiritual,and 
penetrating quality : For without the terment of 
2old the Stone cannot operate, or exercife its' 
:inging quality, being too fubtile andpenctra- 
:ive : but being fermented and united with its 
ike ferment, the prepared tindure obt lineth an 
ngrefs in operating upon other bodies.Then take 
)f the prepared ferment one part, toathoufand 
)arts of mq^d Metal, if you would tinge it.thcii 
:now for f very certain truth, that it iliall be 
ranfmuted'ii^p^ood and hxt Gold : For the ore \ 
ody crubraccth the other although ^they be not 
T 2 alii* 

2 7<^ ^heXllKf^S. 

alike, yet by the force and power added to/.t, ^ 
is made like unto it •> like having its original fr 


He that ufeth this means, to him is revealed all 
truth. The Porches of the Pallacehave their go- 
ings forth at the end, and this Policy is not to be 
compaj^d to any Creature : For it poflelTeth ^// 
in Jll^ as naturally and originally in this world 
can poiiibly be done under the Sun. 

Beginning of the firfi Beginnings confider the entk 
End of the laji End^ fee to the Beginning. 

And let the Middle be faithfully remembred by 
you, then will God the Father, Son, and Holy 
Ghoft, give unto you, whatfoever you require for 
Spirit, Soul, and Body. 


TheXllKe)!. 277 




Philosophers Stone. 

fik Stone ff fouftd ivhich h cflecmidvik^ 

From vphich vs drawn a iire volatile* 
Whenofour noble Stone its felf H made-, 

Compofed ofrvhite and red that ne're will fadi. 
Its called a Stone^ and yet vs no Stone i 

Andin that Stone Dame Nature rvorkj' alone* 
*ihe Fountain that from thence did fometime ftorVj 

Hvi fixed Father drorpned hath alfo. 
Hk life and body are both devoured., 

Vutil at lali h'ps Soul to him refiored : 
And hy volatile Mother \5 made one., 

And alike with him in his own Kingdime* 
Himfelf alfo virtue and power hath gained. 

And far greater jhength than before attained* 
In old age alfo doth the Son excell^ 

His own Mother.) who is m.ide volatile.^ 
By Vulcan's Art-, but firft its thus indeedy 

*the Father from the Spirit mujl proceed* 
Body., Soul^ Spirit., are in two containe d^ 

ihs total Art may well from them be gained* 

Tt comes from one^ and if oM only things 

I'hc V datile andjixt^ together bring. 
It if five and three^ and yet only one. 

If thh ymdonot con'cive^ yon get mm. 
Adam in a Balnco rcfideth 

If here Venus like himjclf ahidcth 
JVlnch wM prcp.ircd at the old Dragods cofl^ 

IFhre he his greatcfi ihength and ponfer loft. 
Its nothing cljc faith one Philofophus, 

But a Mcrcurius Duplicatus, 
Iifvlll fay no morc^ its name I have (horpn^ 

"fhricQ happy if the man to whom its k^ojvn. 
Seeh^fir it there^ and jfare not cofi and pains j 

'Ike end rpill crown the tpork^ vcith health and 


A Btid 

A B 1^ lEF 


And plain 

Repetition or Reiteration, 

O F 

Basilius Valentinus 

The Monkc of the Order of St. Bemeu to his Book of 
the Great Stone of the Ancients. 

2 8o r^^XIIiTnf. 

TTK-jfJiuf Vakntinus^ Monck of the Order of 
Saint Bennct^ have written a fmall T.ea- 
tife, and as the Ancients, have revealed in a 
Philofbphick njanncr, how that moft excellent 
Treafuie may he attained, by which the true 
Pbilorophers did exceedingly prolong their 

And although, as my CGnfcicncc bcarctli me 
witncfs before the Highcfi: in the Heavens , to 
whom all iccrets arc manifefr, I have written no 
untruths, but have made the Truih it felf i'o plain 
that uuderRanding men need no m^ore light, (tor 
my Thicc>iy written for them, which was con- 
Firmed end made plain by the pradick of the 
twelve Keys, is fufficitnt.) Neverthclcis the un- 
quietnefs of my mind fo wrought with m-:_,^ 
tiiiough my various cogitations, that I undertook- 
to add tins fmall Trad , to demonftrate by 
(liorter way, and as it were by this means to pu- 
rine that j^nrning light, whereby every lover of 
ti'ic wifdome, may have his del*re the more full- 
hlled by that fplcndor and clearncfs. And al- 
thoudi many cfrcem it clear enough already, and 
fo heap upon me the burden of many evils, yet 
kt every one know, that to thoic that arc dull of 
undr:rfhnd:ug,they will find that which they (eck 
to be iiihcuk enough, but ^ to the adcpted plain 
aiid caii" •, therefore my fcarcher of truth attend 
Li my laiirudions, and you Oiall li*^ the trut 
V. :.y to Art. 

i-r 1 ira ye written nothing but 'what I (halV 
;.;r;r \\ :rnciG unt^"! after my c!citth,'S.Bd at tkc K< 
i- rrc^i'cn oi my body. 

You (hall faithfully and truly find the (hortcc 
way, in the follcwing difcourfc •> for my fay- 
ings ;,rc founded in iimplicity, and not in Sophi- 
ftic^l Expreiiions. 

I have mentioned and demon ftrated, that all 
things are made and compounded of three EiTen- 
ces, z/iz.ot Mercury, Sulphur, and Salt h and it is 
true that I have faid. 

But know this, that the Stone is made of one, 
two, three,* four, and {i\e: : Of five, that is, th« 
quiuteffence of its Matter ^ Of four, are under- 
ftood the four Elements h Of three, they arc the 
three principles of all tnings h Of two, for that 
is the double Mercurial fubRance h Of one, that is 
the Ens primum of all things, which flowed f r««ri 
the Fiat of the firA Creation. 

Many well miaded Artifts may be doubtful by 
all thefe fayings, to attain the foundation and v.n- 
deritanding of the following difco verier, there- 
fore I {hall firft very briefly fpeak, of Mercury , 
fccondly, of Sulphurs thirdly, of Salti for thcfc 
are EflTences of our Matter of the Stone. 

Firft know, that no common Argent vive if kt 
for our ufe h but our Argent vive is made of the 
beft Metal by the Spagirick Art, pure, fubtile, 
clear , fplendcKt , as a Fountain, tranfparent as 
Chriilial, without any impurity i of this . make a 
Water or incombuflible Oil : for Mercury was at 
the firft Water-as all Philoibphcrs agree to this my 
faying and dodlrine. 

In thisMercuriaK)il3diiroIve its proper Mercury, 
out of which the Water was made, and prccijMtate 
that Mercury v;ith its proper Oil, then have you a 
double Mercurial lubftance j and know that your 
Gold muft be iirft diflblved in a certain Water, 


282 Th^XllKfy: 

cxprefTcd in my fecond Key, after its purification, 
as in tht firft Key, and muft be rednced into a fub- 
tile Calx, as is mentioned in the tou.rth Key h and 
then the faid Calx muft be Tub limed by Spirit of 
Salt, and precipitated again, and by reverberation 
reduced i.nto a fubtile Powder j then its own pro- 
per Sulphur will the more eafily enter into its 
own fubftance, and be in amity wiih it, for they 
wonderfully love each other. So haye you two 
'fubftances in ojie, and is called the Mercury of the 
Philofophers, and yet is but oncfubltance, that is, 
the firil ferm.ent. 

Nojv follorvctb rphat is to he faid ?/ Sulphur. 

YOur vSuIphur you muft feck in the like Metal, 
then you muft know how to extradt it out of 
the body of the Metal by purification, and de- 
ilrudion of its form and reverberation, without 
any corn^five, whereof I gave yo.i a hint, and 
minded you of it- alio in the third Key : Then 
•lif?blve this Sulphur in its own proper Wood, 
whereof it was made before its fixation, accord- 
ing to its due weight fhcwn in the lixt Key \ then 
have you nouriflied and dilTolved the true Lion, 
with the blood of the green Lion ; for the fixt 
blood of the red Lion, is made out of the volatile 
blood of the green Lion-, therefore are they of 
©nc nature. And the volatile blood maketh the 
^xed blood volatile, and the fixed likewife mak- 
•th the volatile blood fixt, as it was before its fo- 
lution. Then (et them together in a gentle heat, 
until the whol. Sulphur be dilTolved s then have 
you the fecond ferment, nouriftiiHg the fix«d SuU 

TheX\lKe)S. 2 S3 

pliur with the volatile, as all Philofophcrs agree 
with me herein : this afterwards is driven over 
with Spirit of Wine, red as blood, and is called 
AuTHmFotahle^ whereof there is no reducftion t# 
a body. 

Imllalfo give you my ofinionof th^S^\t 
of the PhilofopherS' 

CAlt maketh fixt and volatile, according as is 
its degree it is ordered and prepared: For 
the Spirit of Salt of Tartar, ii it be drawn fcr 
/^,and wichout addition, maketh all Metals vo- 
latile by refolution and putrifadtion-, and xefolveth 
them into a true Vive, or current Mercuty, as n^y 
pratick do(^rine holdeth forth. 

Salt of Tartar per fe fixeth moft hrmly, efpc- 
cially if the heat of Calx Five be incorporated 
with it, for both thcle have a lingular degree of 

Soalfo the. vegetable Salt of Wine both fixeth 
and maketh volatile according to the divers pre- 
paration thereof, as its ufe rcquireth, which cer- 
tainly is a great myiiery of Nature, and a won- 
der of the Philolbphick Art. 

If a man drink Wine, and out of his Urine z 

•Icar Salt be made, that is volatile, and maketh 

Other fixed things volatile, and carrieth it over 

ihe helm with it, but itfixeth not 5 and although 

the Man drink nothing but Wine, out of whoic 

I Urine the Salt was made, yet it hath another pro- 

;perty, than the Salt ot Tartar, or of the Feci* ot 

; Wine : For there is made a tranfmutation in the 

I body of Mjiii, lo that out of a Vegetable, that i«, 


©ut of a Spirit of Wine, an animal Spirit ©f S^\t 
is made, Horfes by t\iQ corroboration of their na- 
tural vertue,dotranrmute,Oats,Hay,3nd fuch I-ke, 
tnd f on vert it into fat and flefli i fo doth the Bee 
make Honey out of the beft of Flowers and Herbs. 

So andeaif ind of other things : This Key and 
and Caufe confifitth only in putrifadion , from 
whence fach a reparation and tranfmutation tak- 
eth its original. 

The fpirit of con:in:ion Salt, which is drawn- 
after a peculiar manner, maketh Gold and Silver 
volatile, if a fmall quantity of the fpirit of ^hc 
Dragon be added to it, it dilfol veth it, and carrieth 
it over with it per Akmhicmn^ as alfo doth the 
E^g/e with the Dragms fpirit, which d welleth in 
tony places ■> but if any thing bemelifid with Salt, 
before the Spirit be feparated from its body, it hX" 
fih much more than it volatizeth. 

1 his : farther tell you, if the fpirit of common ^ 
Sik be united with fpirt of Wine, and both be 
three times diliilled over together, then it waxeth 
1 Wcet, and loofeth its acrimony : Thi^ prepared 
fpirit doth not corporally dillolve Gold, but if it 
ht p*)urcd on a pr pared Calx of Gold, it extract- 
cth its higheft tincture and rednefs f, which if it 
be rightly done, it reduccthpure and white Lmtit 
into the fame colour whereof its body was, be- 
fore it was extraded : Alfo the old body, wijl 
again attain its colour by the Love of enticing 
^euHf, being def:ended trom the fame origincU, 
ftate, and biood, whereof tliis is no:^ a place to 
fpcak any ttirthcr. 

-Know, alio the fpirit of Salt deftroyeth L«- 
ua , and reduccth it into a iplrituaj Ei^tCncc, 
according to my infircidlon, from wiiencc 


TheXll Ke)U 28$ 

ifterwards Luna fotahik may be prepared 
which fpirit of Luna is apptopriatcd to the 
fpirit of Sol^ as Man and Wife, by the copu- 
lation and conjunction of the fpirit of Mer<:U' 
ry, or its Oil. 

The fpirit liethin Mercury, feekthc tindurc 
in Sulphur, and the coagulation in Salt , then 
have you three Matters, which may again pro- 
duce ibme perfed thing, that is, the fpirit in Gold 
fermented with its own proper Oyl. Sulphur is 
plentituUy found in the propriety of moil precious 
Vmus^vi\i\c\\ iniiameth the iixcd blood gotten of 
her: The fpirit of the Philofbphick Salt gives- 
vidory to coagulation, although the fpirit of 
Tartar,and fpirit of Urine, together with the ttuc 
Acelum may do much ^ tor the fpirit of Vinegar 
is cold, and the fpirit of Calx vivc is very hot, 
therefore are they elkemed and found to be oi 
contrary natures : Now I fpeak not according to 
the Philofophick cuftome : But it doth not be- 
come me to difcover more plainly, how the inner 
d«ors are locked. 

This I faithfully tell you for a farewell: Seek 
your Matter ni a Metalline fubftance, make there- 
of Mercury j which Ferment, with Mercury: 
then a Sulphur, which Ferment with its proper 
Sulphur, and with Salt reduce it into Order, diltill 
them togc-thet, conjoyn them all according to 
their due proportion, then will it become that one 
thing, which before came trora one > coagulate 
and hx it by a continual heat i then multiply and 
ferment it three times, according tbthedodrint 
of my two laft Keygj then fhail you attain and hnd 
the end and corclulion of your dclire : "jiieuic 
of thf tmdure, the twelvetb Key> hath abfolute'y 

28 6 rh^XllKfy. 

the certain proccfs, without and doubtful expref- 

Thanl\s he umo God. 

FOr t Conclufion of this Appendix, I muft 
needs tell you that out of black Sattitn and 
frindly Jove^z Spirit may be extraded, which is 
tfterwards reduced into a fwect Oyl, as its n6bli:ft 
part^ which Medicine, farticuLrmr doth molt 
abfolurcly take away the nimble running quality 
from common Mercury ^zndi bringeth him to a me- 
lioration, as I taught you before. 

A N 


HAving thus attained the Matter, nothing re- 
mains but that you look well to the Fire, 
that you obfervc its Regiment, tor herein is the 
highcil concernment, and the end of the work : 
For our Fire is a common Fire, and our Furnace is 
a common Furnace , although they that were be* 
tore me have written, that our Fire is not a com- 
mon Fire, yet I tell you in truth, that they did 
»fter their manner conceal all Milkrics , bccaule 
the Matter is vile, and the Work but little,, which 
Sy the Regiment of the Fire only is furthered and 


TheXll Kns. ^87 

TheFirC'Of the Lan^p with Spitit of Wine i* 
unprofitable, the expence thereof would be in- 
credible : fimusErmm fpoilcth it, fot it cannot 
perfcd the work by the right degrees ot t !«. 

Many and various Furnaces are not conveni- 
[cnt, tor in ourthrcerold Furnace only the'degrce« 
;of Fire are proporuonably obkrved ^ therttbrc 
Set no pratling Sophifter lead you into errours. 
i^vith many lurnaces : And as our Furnace is* 
common, io is our Fire common , and as our 
Matter is common, io is our Giafs likened to the 
<Jlobe ot die Earth : You need no turthtr in- 
ftrudions con-ernin^ the Fire, its Regiment, r4r 

V For he that hath the Matter will foon fisda'. 
Furnace, he that hath Meal can (oon find an Oven^ 
and needs take no turcher care for baking oi the 

There is no meed to write peculiar books of 
this (ubjed, only oblerve the Regiment of the 
Fire, to know how to diltinguith between cold 
and hot, if you attain this you have done the.; 
Work, and brought the Art to a concliiiion : Fot 
which let the Creator of Natujrc be pralfed iot 
iver, JmCfi* 

j8 8 A Shrt maj and Repetition^ &c, 
Of Mercury* 

T Here arc feveral forts of Mercery. Mercury 
of Animals and Vegetables is meerly a fwrnc 
«f- an incomprehcnfible being, unkfs it be caught, 
*nd r.^duced to an Oyl, then is it for ufe. But 
McrcLU-y of Metals is ©f another condition, as 
tl-iataltb of Minerals: though the fame alfo may 
kc compared with a fume, yet is it comprel^iii- 
b!c aod riuining. One Mercury is better aA 


A Jhort vpa^ and 'l^rpftitlof^j^&cc. 28? 
nobler than the other: for the 5o/^r Mercury is 
the bcil of them all , next unto that is the Lji- 
nar Mercury, and fo forth. There is a diiferencc 

alfo among Sa'ts and Sulphurs : amon^ the Mine- 
ral Salts, that carrieth away the EcU, which is 
made of Antimony: and that Sul^ hur, which is 
^tawn from Vitriol^ is preferred b(.forc all others. 

V Mercu- 

a 90 'a !h$rt vpdj and RefetitiQn^ Sec. 
Mercury of Metals is hot and dry, cold animoift, 
it containcth the four qualities. 
There are Medicaments prepared of it5ofa won- 
derful efficacy, of feveral forts and forms, which 
IS the reafon, why there is fuch a variety of trcr- 
tues therein : in Mercury lieth hid the high eft ar- 
canum for mans health, but is not to be ufed 
crude, but muft firft be prepared into its eflencc. 
Itjsfablimedwith Copper- watcv and is further 
reduced into an Oyl. There is an Oyl made ^f 
it per fc^ without any corrofivenefs , which i? 
pleafant and fragrant : feveral forts^of Oyls wioi 
additionals can be made of ir, good for mai^^ 
things. It is prepared alfo with Gold , being 
firft made into an amalgame h tfiers is tnt^c k 
precipitate of it in water, wherein it diflblveth 
green, like unto a fmarag'd, or Chryfolith ^ the 
volatile Mercury fervethfor outward ufc,if a fepa- 
ration is made by fbme meai^^, 'and is brought in- 
to fubtile clear liq^fory -and then to a red 6rown 
powder, and its received corrofivenefs is fepa- 
rated, then it may do well for other tifes. 
The mixed Mercury fervcth for inwkrd uft- 
Mercury being purg'd, is precipitated tvith the 
blood of Ve:iuf:>is well digefied withdiftilPd Vi- 
negar, and thus his corroding qualitjjy is tak^n 
off: Have a care what quantity you mJuiiiQi^ , if 
it being, giyai in a fri^c dofps 
part very- well : kit.fbr>its opt 
qually (ublimed i-^ito 'the^^ixy 
found in Saturn, his mallettblcnefs is^^ppsreitt, 
when he is robb'd of his life : he containeth his 
own Tjndtiire upon white and red, being brought 
in his h^d coagulation uutO a white body, is 
.li.ij^'d agajji by.yitriol water, and being reduced 


unto Gold, is graduated by iintiniony. Though 
that blood-thirfty Iron Captain with his Spear af- 
(aultcth Mercury very much, yet he alone cannot 
conquer him, uiilcfs cold Saturn, come in to hide 
him, and Jupiter command the peace with his 
Scepter. Such procefs being fiMifli'd, then the An- 
gel Gahriel^tht flrcngth of the Lord,and Vriel the 
light of God hath fliew'd mercy unto humble 
Michael^ then Raphael can make right ufe of the 
highcft Medicine, nothing can prevail againft th e 
'Medicine. Thus much be fpoken ol Mercury: 
now I fwingc my fclf from hence, and ily to a 
place where froft and heat can better be tolerated, 
and endured. 

Of Aniimony- 

rTfallcth very difficult to Mechanicks, to have 
done learning with their compafTcs : be- 
caufe that great ArchiteU J EHOVA H hath 
refcrved many things for his own power. In the 
fame condition we iind Antimony, it is very diffi- 
cult to find out ail the mylkries that are hid theire- 
iu.-, its vertue is miraculous, its power is gfeit, 
its colour hidden therein. Is various, its crude bo- 
dy is poifonouSjyet its eiTence is an antidote againft 
goifon, is like unto Quick-lilver, which ignorant 
Phyficians can neither comprehend, nor Iind > but 
the knowing Phyfician, belie veth it to be true, as 
having made many experiments with it. 

This Mineral containeth much ot" Mercury, 
much of Sulphur, and little of Salt, v/hich is the 
cauie why it is To brittle and appliable : for there 
is DO malleaibleiiefs in it, by teafon of the (hiajl 

V 2 quantity 

quantity of Salt, the moft amity it bcarcth unto 
Saturn is by reafon of Mercury : for Phifolc- 
phers Lead is made out of it, and is affcdcd un- 
to Gold, by reafon of its Sulphur : for it purgeth 
Gold, leaving no impurity in it *, there is an equal 
operation in it with Gold, if well prepared, and 
miniftred to man Medicinally ; it flicth out of the 
fire, and keeps tirmly in the tire, if it be prepared 
accordingly. Its volatile fpirit is poy {bnous, purg- 
eth grievouily not without damage unto the body, 
its remaining tixedncfs purgeth alio, but not in 
that manner, as the former did, provokethnot 
to Ilool, but feeketh mcerly the difeafc , where 
ever it is , penetrateth all the body and the 
members thereof, fuffcrs no evil to abide there, 
expels it, and brings the body to a better con- 

In brief, Antimony is the Lord in Medicinals, 
there is made of it a Regtefus out of Tartar and 
Salt, if at the melting ot Antimony fome Iron- 
filings be added, by a Manual ufed, there com- 
eth torth a wonderful Star, which Philtbphers 
before me, called the Signat-fiar : this Star be- 
ing icveral times melted with cold Eanb-falt^ 
it groweth then ycllowifh , is of a fiery qua- 
lity, and of a wonderful efficacy : this Salt after- 
ward aiibrds a liquor-, which further is brought 
to a hx incombuftiblc Oyl, which fervcth for 
leveral ufes. 

Befides, there arc made of common Fegulus 
ot Antimony curious flowers, either red, yellow, 
or white , according as the fire hath been go- 
veru'd. Thcie flowers being exrraded, and the 
excrad, without any addition ter fc being driven 
iuio an Oyl, have an admirable efficacy. This 


A Ihort wii and Repetitlon^^c. 2p^ 

cxtraftion may be made alfo with Vinegar o^ 
crude Antim ony, or of its Kegulus i but it regui" 
retha longer time, neither is it fo good as the for- 
mer preparation. 

And being reduced into a P/^i/i/?<e^, there is a 
glafs made of it fer />, of which I made men- 
tion in my eight Key^ which is extracted alfo i 
then abftrad^ there remaineth a powder of in- 
credible operation , which may iafely be ufed, 
after it hath been edulcorated. This powder, 
being difTolv'd, healeth wounds, fores, &c^ cau- 
fing no pains : this powder, being e:xtra<^ed once 
more with fpirit of Winc> or driven through the 
Helmet, with fomc other matter, affords a fwect 
Oyl \ to fpeak further of it is needleis. 

Antimony is melted alfo with cold Earth-falt^ 
difToIv'd, and digefted for a time in fpirit of wine, 
it affords a white lix'd powder, is effedual againft 
morbus GalUciis , breaks inward Impofkims v it 
hath fcvcral vertues befidcs. You muft learn to 
prepare Antimony your felf, lay hands on, dive 
into its inward qualities , you will meet with 
wonderful matters : for my confcience will not 
differ me to difcover all its qualities : I deflrc not 
to load the Phyficians curfes upon me, which were 
at great expences, and toyled much in burning 
of Coals about its preparation, if I (hould rcb 
them of their lively-hood. Therefore learn 
thou alfo, as thy predeceffors did •, fcek as I have 
donei then you will find alfo, what others have 
told of. 

There is made and Oyl alfo of Antimony, the 
flying Dragon being added thereunto,which being 
rediticd thrice, then it is prepared : thougha Can- 
cer were never fobadjand the JFolfn^xa fo biting, 

V.3 ye; 

2C4 'ffl^ort n-aj and Repftition^icc, 
yet thefe with alJ their feIIows,bc thty fiflHU\oi 
old Ulcers, nuift fly and be gone : the little pow- 
der of the flying Dragon prepared with the Li- 
<xis blood, muft be mtniftred alfo, three, or four 
Grains for a Dofe, according to the parties age 
and complexion. 

A further procefs rhay be made with this Oyl 
with the addition of a water , made of flronc 
Serpents, and other neccflary fpiccs> not thofe 
which are tranfported from the Indies : this pow- 
der is of that efficacy, that it radically curcth ma- 
ny Chronical difeafes. ' 

There is made a red Oyl of Antimony, Calx 
Vive, Sal-ariTiOuiac, and common Sulphur, which 
hath done great cures in old Ulcers : with (lone 
Salt, or with common Salt, there is forced from 
Antimony a red Oyl, which is admirable good for 
outward Symptoms. 

There is made a fublimate of Antimony, with 
fpirit of Tartar and Salmiac, being digefted for 
a time, which, by means of Mars^ is turn'd into 
■quick Mercury. This Anti menial Mcicury hath 
been ibught of many, but few have gotten it : 
which is the reafon why its praife is not divulg'd^ 
much leis is its operative quantiy known : if you 
know how to precipitate it well, then your Ar- 
row will hit the mark, to perform grange mat- 
ters-, its quulities ought" hot to be made com- 
mon. , ' V 

It is needle(s to 3efc'ribe its combuiliblc Sul- 
phur, how that is made of Antimony, i^ is eafic 
and known : but that which is fix'd, is a fecret, 
-.nd hi4dcn from many. If an Oyl be made of 
ic, in which its own Sulphur is difTolv'djand the(c 
be fixM together, then you have a Medicine oi 


rare qualities, in vertue, operation, and atjility^far 
beyond Vegetables. 

Quick-filver being imbibed with quick Sul- 
phur, melted with Antimony for Ibme hours in a 
Wind-oven, the Salt of the remainder being ex- 
traded with dillilFd Vinegar, then you have the 
FhilofofhiTs Salt , which cureth all manner of 

There is an acetum made of Antimony, of an 
acidity, as other acetums are s if its own Salt be 
dilTolv'd in this acetum^ and dilhlPd over, then 
this acetum is fi"\arpned , which is aii excellent 
cooler in hot fwellings, and othet inflamed Sym- 
ptoms about wounds, efpecially if there be rnadc 
an Unguent of it together with anima of Saturn* 

The QuintelTence ot Antimony is the higheft 
Medicine, the nobleft and fubtilell found in it, 
and is the fourth part of an Vniverfal Nkdicine. 
Let tile preparation of it be ilill a mylkry, its 
quantity, or Dofe is three Grains, there belong 
four inttruments to the making of it, the Fur- 
naec is the fifth, in which Vulcayi dwelleth, the ' 
Manuals, and the government of fire afford the 
ordering of it. 

You Phyficians, if you be wife, {eek out this 
Medicine in that fubjed, where it lieth in, and 
may be found beft, and moft effedtual. I forbear 
to ipeak further of Antimony, let Jufiinian judge 
of theyeft* i 

V4 Of 

7gi Ajhort vaj mci Repftitionyicc. 

Of Copper-jratcu 

IF I could prevail wich Ap4h to be merciful, 
and to give liberty to hisMttfe to be myaffi- 
fnnce in the defcribing of Art and Wifdom, then 
would I bring in an oflTering unto Minerva^ where- 
by the Gods of wifdom might take notice of z 
grateful mind for their gifts thty had beftowcd > 
and I would wiitc of a mincraU whofc Salt is (ct 
forth in the higheft manner,whofe great and good 
qualities are of that tranfcendenq', that reafon is 
notable to comprel end, or to conceive of them. 
It went generally by the name of Copper-rpater^ to 
make the meaning and fcnfe of it plain *, let men 
know, and be thus informed of it, that Vnriol 
containeth two (pints, a white, and a red one : 
the white fpi.rit is the white Sulphur upon whit<^ 
the red fpirir is the red Sulphur upon red > He that 
hath cars let him hear ! 

Obferve it diligently,2nd remember every word, 
for they arc of a large extent, every word is as 
ponderous as a Centner /ione. The white (pirit 
is fowr, caufeth an appetite, and a good digcftion 
in a mans iiomach. The red fpirit is yet (fowrer, 
and is nriore ponderous than the white, in ifs di- 
ftilling a longc r fire mu/t be continucil, becanfe it 
is fixer in its degree. Of the white by diftilling 
of Sulphur oi Lune is made argentum potabile. 
In the like manner the Gold, being deflroycd in 
the fpirir of common Salt, and made (piritual by 
ciftiliing, and its -Sulphur takeu from it, and 
joyricd with a red fpirit in a due Dofe, that it may 
}k diffolved, and then for a time putrified in (pi- 
licof WinCj to be further digeftcd, and often ab- 


traded, that nothing remain in the bottom, then 
you have made an aurum prtabile^ of which great 
volumes have been WTitten, but very few of their 
procefies were right. Note, that the red fpirit 
muft be redtihed from its acidity, and be broiij^ht 
into a fweetnefs, ilibtilly penetrating of a pkafant 
talk and fweet fragrancy. 

I have told you now great matters, which ilip- 
pM from me againft my intention, the fweet fpirit 
is made of Sulphur of Vitriol, which is combufti- 
ble, like other Sulphur, before it is deftroyed : for 
the Sulphur of Philofophers,(note it welljisnot 
combuftible j its preparation needs not to be fet 
down, being eafic, rcquireth no great pains nor 
great expencts, to get a com.buftible Sulphur out 
of Vitriol. 

This fweet Oyl is the clTence of Vitriol, and is " 
fuch a Medicine, which is worthy the name of the 
third Pillar of the univcrfal Medicine. The Salt 
is drawn from Cokhntar^ and is diiTolved in the 
red, or white Oyl, or in both, and is diftilPd again, 
if it be fermented w^th Vcnus^ it performeth its 
office very well : for it affords fuch a Medicine, 
which at the melting tingeth pure Iron into pure 

Colcbotar of Sulphur affords true fundamentals 
unto healing of peri(h'd wounds, which other- 
wife are hardly brought to any healing : and dich 
fores, which by reafon of a long continued white 
rednefs will admit of no healing, Co /cit^r^r affords 
an ingrefs thereunto , fctting a new foundation ; 
that quality and vertuc is not in ihcColchotar:> but 
the fpirit together with the Salt are the Malkrs, 
which dwell therein. 

s There 

7.pS ^ fljort 1^ cij a?7a Repetitioi7^ &C. 

There is made of Copper and Vcrdigrcece ^ 

Vltrjol of a high GCi^ree, and isfarfpread in i^s 
tinclnirc : There is a Vitriol made of Iron alio 5 
which is of a ftrange qualityifor Iron and Copper 
are very nigh kind one to another, belong toge- 
ther, as man and wife , this myftery fhould have 
been concealed, but being it is ot great concern- 
ment, I could not forbear but to fpeak of it. 

Vitriol corrovied with Sal-arrwoniac, in its fub- 
limation there arifeth a combuftible Sulphur, to^ 
gccher with its Mercury, of which there is but 
little, brcaufi:^ it hath mort of Sulphur. If the 
fame Sulphur be fet at liberty again by the Eaglc^ 
with fpirit of Wnie, there can be made a Medi- 
cine of it, as I told you formerly of it. Though 
?here be a ncan-r way to make a combuftible Sul- ' 
phur o«t of Vitriol, as of its precipitation upon a 
precedent diifdution , by the Salt, or liquor of 
Tartar, as alio by a common lixiv'mm made of 
Becch-afhcs \ yet this is the bcft reafon, becauft 
the body of Vitriol is better^ and more opened 
\vii:\ the Key ot the Eagle. There are other my- 
freries hidden i]i Vitriol, which in your operative 
quality are excellent, and .are known apparently, 
as Venus and Mirs bear real record in their fpirits, 
the fame doth knowledge Sol and hitne : but I 
•do not intend at this time to write a perfed book 
of Chiruriiry : and to make relations of parti- 
culars, in conmiendation of Vitriol : I have al- 
ready written too much of it, you are to learn 
and feorchalfov you will find that Vitriol needs 
no Prodlor to ipeak for it, and it will iufHcicntly 
inform you of an ablblute Chirurgick book^ con- 
tained in its nature as a third part of the univer- 
ftl^ againfrall manner of difeafcs. 


^ jl:ort v: ay a?:£i Repetition? jSic, 2gp 

In the doling hereof I tell you thus much, that 
there is not found in its nature, neither cold nor 
moift quality, but is of a hot and dry fubfrantial 
quah'ty, and is the reafon, wiiy by its tiper-a- 
bounding calidity it heateth other things, digeft- 
cth them, and at ]a/t it bringeth them to a fi-ll 
maturity, the fire being continued for a certain 

The things I write of Vitriol , I have not 
begg'd nor borrowed from other mens writings, 
but found them fo in my long contmued pradick, 
whereby nature enabled me to become a Swth- 
fayer^hy permiilion of the Hi gheil Creator, t^hat 
that nobly implanted quality might be avouched 
by a faithful and true evidence ot one of her de- 
voted Difciplcs. 

And I fpeak thus miuch for 21 nienv.randiun^ that 
if Taris can keep fafely Helena without troubles, 
that the noble City of Troja in Greece be no m.ore 
ruined ^d dcfiroyed, and Friamm together with 
Menelaus be no more afflided and diiiraded 
thereby, then He&or and Achilles will agree well 
enough, to obtain that royal Race, without going 
t© war for it, and be PofTelTors of that Monarchy 
in their Childrens Children, and their ofr-fpiing 
and pofterity for the enlarging of their Domini- 
ons, by increafuig their riches infinitely, againit 
which no enemy dareth ftir. 

Of common SuJ^lmr. 


THc ufual common Sulphur is not fo pcrfed'tly 
exalted in its degree, and brought unto ma- 
turity, as ittis found in Antimony and Vitriol. 


:j o o ^ \loort way dnd Rfpftitlon^ &C. 
There is made of k.pcr fcj an Oyl againft putrid 
ftiiiking woimds , dciiroying and killing fuch 
worms, which grow in themv efpecially if that 
little Salt in it be diffolved from its Sulphur. 
There is made of it a Balfam with Sallet Oyl^or 
* Oyl of Jimipcr, in like manner with the white fpi- 
' rit of Terpentine, and is of a red colour, is made 
tiius : take flowers of Sulphur, made with the 
Cnlclynar of Vitriol, digel? them for a time in 
Horfe-dung, or any other way , this Balfam may 
fafely be uled for fuch, that are in a Confumption 
of the Lungs, eipecially if redified fcveral times 
with (pirit of Win'^ , drawn-over, and fepara- 
ted , that it be bleed red. This Balfam is a 
prcftrvative agiinft corrnptio^i and rotten- 

The Qnintcffencc of Sulphur is in a Mineral^ 
where a Sulphi.!rcoii>' flint in generated : this beat- 
en pecbles bi:ingput in a glafs, and on it bepow- 
redadrong Aq.jafort, made of Vitriol and Salt- 
peter, artd let d'iTolve what may be diffolved, ab- 
HrafL tha*- Wata, tlv^ remainder muft be well 
iiuigfled, and reverberated toarednefs, pour on 
that ipirit of Wine, extradi its tindure,afterward 
C!rc!alite for a timein thePcllican, let all the ef- 
fence of Sulphur be feparated, it ftayeth below 
thefpiritof Wine, like fat Sallet Oyl, by reafon 
ok its pondcronfntfs : its Dofe of fix Grains is 
found ta work fifHciently. If you digcfl: in this 
elTeneeof Sulphur, Myrrhe, Aloes^imd other Spi- 
ifcs^ it extracfls their vertues, and makes it into a 
a B-ilfam, which (uifers no flcfi),or other parts that 
are fubjedrunto putrefaction, to tall into rotten- 
ncis, for which caufc the Ancients have put this 
name to it : Baljamitf mortuorum^ 


^ Jhortvpaj and Repetition^&cc. ^oi 
Thus I clofc to fpeak any further of combufti- 
blc Sulphur. There may be niadt an Oyl of it^ 
which is found very uftful, the Sulptiur muli be 
fublimed in a high inftrument with a good heat, 
which fubhmation in a long time changeth into a 
Liquor or Oyl, ihnding in a humid place s but 
being I do n©t intend to ufe any prolixity of 
words, I let it reft (o. That may be coded a 
Liver out of conamon Sulphur, which is tura'd 
unto miilk : and it may alio be changed into a 
red Oyl, with Lin-Iced Oyl ••> Jnany other Medi- 
cinals may be made out of Sulphur : Its flowers, 
cifence, and Oyl, are preferred before the rcli, to- 
gether v/ith the white and red hxcd Cinober, 
which are made of it, becaufe in them is found a 
mighty vert ue. 

Of Calx vlve- 

"THe fecrets of Qnick-lim.e is known to few 
men, and few there arc, which attained to 
a perfedf knowledge of its qualities : but I tell to 
you a real truth, that though LiiBc is contempci* 
ble, yet there hcth great mcttcrs therein, and re- 
quireth an undemanding Mealier, to take cut 
of it what lieth buried in it ^ I mean to expcll its 
pure ipirit, which collaterally Ihnds in affinity 
with Minerals, is able to bind, and help to maRc 
fix the volatile (pirits of Minerals : for it is of- a 
fiery efTence, heateth, concodeth, and bringeth 
unto maturity in (hort time^, when in many 
years they could not be brought to it : the groi» 
earthly body of it doth not do the teat, but its Ipi- 
rit dorh it, which is drawn cut of it : tbistpirit 


3c2 A fijort waj and Repetitioni^c^ 
h of that ability, that he bindeth and iixeth other 
volatile fpirits. For note, the fpirit difTolveth 
Ocult Cancromm^ di/Tolveth Cryftals into a liquor : 
thefe two being duly brought into an unittpcr 
modum diiiilhtionis (I will fay nothing at this 
time of Diamonds and fuch like fioncs) that wa- 
ter dilTolvtth and brcaketh the Ibne in the blad- 
der, and the Gouty Tartar fctled into the joynts 
ot hands and feet, fafFcrs not any Gout to take, 
root ill thok parts, this rare fecert I taught one of 
my faithful Diicipks-, and the great Chancclloun 
ot the invincible C^yl?r, is liill thankful unto me ■ 
tor it, and many great perlons belides. 

Qnick-lime is ftrengthncd , and made more 
heiy,, and hot, by a pure and unfbpliiliicatcdipi- 
rit of Wine, which is ofcen poured on it, and ab- 
ftradfcd again, then the white oak of Tartar muft 
be grinded with it, together with its additional, 
which mull be dead, and contain nothing, then 
you will draw a very helliih fpirit , in which great 
myikries lye hid. How this fpirit is gotten, I 
told it, oblsjrve it, keep it, take it tor a tare-well. 

Of Arfcdick^ 

A,Rknick is in the kindred of Mercury and An* 
■■ timony,-asaBaftavd ina Family may be: its 
whole ilibtcance is pcyionous and volatile, even 
as the tormcr two, in its external colour to the 
eye, it is white, yellow, and red, but inwardly it 
is adorned with all manner of colours, like t© its 
Metals, which it was fani toioiiake, being forced 
thereunto by hre. It is fublimed per fc-, with- 
<«ut ad.diti;^)n, and alio in its fubliming there arc 


A \hort TPay and Repetition^icc. ;o j 
added feveral other matters, as occafion requireth- 
If it be fublimed with Salt and Mars, then it 
looks like a tranfparent Cryftal, but its poyfon 
ftayeth ftill with it, unfit to be joyned, or add-jd 
to Metals \ hath very little efficacy to tranHnute 
any Metal. 

The Subterranean Serpent bindeth it in the 
Union of fire, but cannot quite force it, that it 
might ferve for a Medicine for man and beali, it 
it he further mix'd, v/ith the ^alt of a Vegetable 
ftone, which is with Tartar, a»d is made like urr- 
to an Oyl, it is of great efficacy in vvoi.nds, whfch 
are of a hard healing : it can make a Coat for 
deceitful Venns to trim her haiidfomly, ■ th-it the 
inconllancy of her falle heart may be diicloicd. 
by her" wavering fervants, without gain, wjth hci 
pr c j udice and dama ge. 

when Antimony and Mars are made my com- 
panions, and am exalted by them to the top of 
Olympis^ then I aiTord a Ruby in tranfparcncc 
and colour to that, which cosneth from Om^u^ 
and am not to be eikemed lefs than it : if I an). 
proved by affiidion, then I fall Oif like a iiovver, 
which is cut off and withers : rherrforc nothing 
can be made of me, to hx any Metal, or tinge it 
to any profit, becanie I toriook my body totally^ 
and dillributcd my Coat, to play, and lot lobc 
caft for it : therefore let no ncicher prail'e or 
difpraife me, urJefshe have for very hungvr taken 
a pound of mc into the body ; thoiigh it he ger> 
an Antidote to iave his life -, however, be i^^ 
get nothing out of Metals by it : in other things 
he may havea Treafiire in it, ^ unl o which te;v aic 
comparable to it, 

I Arfeny fay of my f Jf at the cloiing hereof 

3 04 A fio/t wds and Repetition^Zcc. 
that it is a very difficult thing, to find my right 
and due preparation, my operation is felt exceed- 
ly, if made tryal of, and it is a great danger, if 
ignorant men make ufc of me : he that can be 
withont me, let him go to my kindred : and if 
you can equalize mc with them, that I may (hare 
with them in the inheritance, then all the world 
Ihall acknowledge, that my dcfcent is from their 
i>lood : but it is a v^ry hard task for any nun, to 
fee a (l^ephcrd into a royal Icat to make him King. 
But Patriarchs being dclccndcd from (hcpheards, 
and were prcferr'd to royal dignities, I will there- 
fore' prtfcrbc no limits, nor pafs any judgement : 
For wrong and right may be found in this leaf. 

However, take you notice, that I amapoy- 
fonoiis volatile bird, have torfaKcn my dcarell, 
and moll coijhding friend, and feparated my (elf 
as a Leper, which muil live aloo£ orf trom other 
men. C^re me iirit of my inhrmity^ then I ihail 
be able to heal thole, which have need of me, 
t:iat my praite may he conhrmed by poyfon, and 
my name for an cvcrlauing remembrance, to the 
honour of my Co uitry, is nothing interior unto 
M.z/T«rC;;r/i//f, and it will be tound in the end, 
in what manner Hinnihal and Sclpio were re- 


Two Elements are predomiinant in me, as fire 
.and air, the l.iier quantity is water and 
earth : I am hciy, buuning, and volatile. There 
is in me a fiibtile fpiric, I am altogether like unto 
Mercury, hot in the in-iide, and cold in thcout- 


fide, am flippery and very nimble at the exptlling 
of my enemies. My grcateft enemy i? common 
Sulphur, and yet is my beft friend alfo, for being 
purged by him, and clarified in the fire, then am 
I able to allay all heats of the body, within and 
without, and am one of the bcft Medicaments, to 
expell,and to keep off the poyfcnous plague. 

I am a greater cooler outwardly than Saturn^ 
but my fpirit is more hot than any, I c^ol, ^ud 
burn, according as men will make uie of me, and 
according as I am prepared* 

when Metals arc to be broken, I muft be a help, 
clfc no vi(flory can be obtained : be the under- 
flandings great or fmall. Before I am dcftroyed I 
am a meer Ice, but when I am anatomized, then 
am I a hellifh fire. If fluto can mafter Cerberus^ 
to make him take his dwelling again in the Ille of 
Iftw/e, then he may fnatch a piece of love from 
VettHS^then Mars muft fubmit, and may live rich- 
xly with Lune^ which may equally be exalted to 
the Crown of the honourable King, and -be pla- 
ced with him in equal henour and dignity. 

If I fhall happily enjoy my end, then my Soul 
muft be driven out cunningly, then I do all what 
Keth in my power, of my felf alone I ara able to 
cffe<5l: nothiag. But my love is to a jolly woman, 
if I am married unto her, and our copulation be 
kept in Hell, that we both doXweat well, then 
that which is fubtile, flings away all hlthinc(s,then 
we leave behind us rich Children, and in our dead 
bodies is found the beft Treafure, w^hich we be- 
queathed in our laft Will and Teftament. 

X Of 

:o6 A jhort way md RepetltmyScc. 

Of Sal-armoniac^ 

C Al-armoniac is none of the meaneft Keys, t# 

c.^ open Metals thereby : therefore the Ancient^ 
have compared it with a volatile Bird, it muft ht 
pivpavea^clfe you can do no feats with it *, for if it 
b rot prepared^it doth more hurt than good unto ^ 
Metals, carrieth them away out at the Chimney- • 
\licle ', it can elevate and fublimc with its fwift 
win^s the tiftdure of Minerals,. and of fbme Me- 
tals, to the very Mountains, where flore of fnow ' 
isfoind, ufually even at the greateft heat of the 
Summer, if it be fiiblimed with common Salt, i 
then it purgeth and clearcth, and may be ufed I 
laf;ly._ ^ ^ 

He that fuppofeth to tranfmute Metals with 
this Salt, which is io volatile, furcly he doth not 
hit the nail on the head.for ic hath nofuch power; 
but to dclircy Metals,and make them fit for tranf- 
mutation, in, that rcfpedt it hath fufficicnt power : 
for no Metal can be tranfmuted, unlefs it be firft 
pr^p.rcd thereunto. My greater Ikcngth which 
lic^h in me, may be drawn from me by liiblimlng 
raid cementing. The greateft fccret in me you . 
v^ill tind, when I am united with Hydra^ which 
is to devour and fwallow m'e, that I alfo may 
iL-rn with her to be a water Serpent, then ha'^c I 
prepared a Bath for the Nymfba^ and have got- 
ten power to malic ready a Crown for the King, 
tiiaUiiC fame may be adorned with Jewels, and 
may with honour and glory be fet on his head. 


Of Tartar. 

THis Salt is not kx down in the book of Mi- 
nerals, but is generatccj of a vegetable feed, 
but its Creator hath put fuch vertue into it, that 
it beareth a wondeful love and friendfliip unto 
Metals, making them malleable : itpurgeth htine 
Unto a whitenefs, and incorporateth into her fuch 
additional, which are convenient for her, being 
digefted for a time with Minerals, or Metals, and 
then fublimed and vilified, they all come unto c^ 
quick Mercury, which to do,- there is not any ve- 
I gctabk Salt befide it : is not this a v.^onderful 
1 thing ? That Oratour is yet to be born, which 
ihall be of that ability and eloquence as to exprefs 
fufficiently all the myfteries hid in it. But to 
make out of it the Philofophcrs fione, is no fuch 
matter : being it is a vegetable, and that power 
I is not given to any of the vegetables. It is m 
Mcdicina a very good remedy, to be ufed inward- 
ly and outwardly i its Silt being made fpiritual 
and fweet, it difTolveth and breaketh the lione in 
the bladder, and dilfolveth the coagulated Tar- 
tar of the Gout, fetled into the joynts, or any 
where befides- Its ordinary fpirit, which is ufed 
for opening of Metals being uted and applied out- 
wardly, alio layeth a foundation Ux healing of 
fuch Ulcers, which admit hardly any healing, as 
there arc Fiflula's, Cancers , Wolves, and inch 
like. I know nothing more to write of Tartar, 
for having (eparated it felf,and left its nobleil part 
in the Wine. 

X 2 Of 

; cS ^jhort waj am Repetition ^%lc. 
Of Vinerar. 

\N Jlchimv ai]cl Mcdicini^ nothing almoftcan 
be prtpaied, but Vinegar muft ftt a helping 
liand to it. Therefore I thought it convenient 
to let it have its due praife and commendation, 
cfpecially to infcrt it here in this treatife. In Al- 
chimy it is ufed to Tet Metals and Minerals into pu- is ufedalfofor to extrad their effences 
and tindures, being hr/i: prepared thereunto, even 
as the foirit of Wine is ufual to extract the tin- 
ctures from vegetables. 

In deferveth its praife alfo, for it 
taketh the pure from impure, and is a feparator^ 
and taketh from the Mineral Medicaments their 
iharpnils and corrofiveneis, h'xeth that, which is 
vojatilc-and is a great defendant agaiull: poyfon,as 
I told you,when I fpoke of tb.e Antimonial glais. 

Vinegar is uLd inwardly alfo, and both men 
andbcnftarc benefited thereby: outwardly it is 
applied to hotint^iammation-s and fwellings, for a 
cooler. Spirit ot Wine and Vinegar are of great 
uie, both m Ak\kmy and Phylick, both have their 
liefcent from thcuUine, arc of one fubflance i but 
differ in the quality, by reafon of putrifadtion, 
the Vinegar got there, of the which I told you 

I muit acquaint you with one thilig, which is 
this, that this is not the Philofophers Vinegar-, 
oij- Vinegar, or acctum is another liquor, namely 
a matter it (elf: for the (tone of Philofophers is 
made out oi Azot of Philofophers, which mult be 
pier, red wjch ordinary diftilj'd ^x^r, with fpirit 
^pf V> :ne, and with other waters bcfides, and muii 
be red L Qtd unto a certain order. Note 


4 fhort vpay andRepetitiony &c. 309 

Note this for a memQtandunh if cKftilM pu*^ 
Vinegar be poured upon dcftroyed Saturn^ aad is 
kept warm in Marie' s-bath^ it lofeth its acidity al- 
together, is as fweet as«any Sugar, then abftraft 
two, or three parts of that Vinegar, fct it in a 
Cellar, then you will find white tranlparent 
ftones, like unto Cryftals, thefearc an excellent 
cooler and healer of all adufi: and inflamed Sym- 
ptoms. If thefe Cryftals arc reduced into a red 
Oyl, and poured upon Mercury, precipitated hf 
Venus-, and proceeded in further as it ought V if hisrightly, then neither SdnotZune will 
hinder thee from getting riches. 

Of mne. 

THe true vegetable ftone is found in Wine, 
which is thcnobleft of all vegetables : itcon- 
taineth three (brts of Salt, three forts of Mercur>-. 
and three forts of Sulphur. 

The firft Salt fticketh in the wood of the Wine, 
which if burnt to aflies, and a lixivium made ©t 
it to have its fait drawn forth, which mufi: be co- 
agulated. This is the firft Salt. 

The fccond Salt is found in Tartar, if that be 
incinerated, then draw its Salt forth, dilToIve and 
coagulate it feveral times, and let it be fufficiently 

The third Salt is this,when the Wine is diflill'd 
it leaveth feces behind, which are made to pow- 
der, its Salt can be drawn out with warm Water, 
each of thefe Salts hath a fpecial property : hh 
their Center they ftand in a harmony,becaufe they 
defcend from one root. 


3 1 o A^ort vpaj and Repetition ^Sic. 

It hith three forts of Mercury, and three 
forts of Sulphur. The ftrft Oyl is made of the 
ftem, the (econd Oyl is made out of crude Tar- 
-tar, the third is the Oyl of Wine. There is a 
flrange property in the fpirit of Wine : for with- 
out it there cannot be extraded any true tindurc 
of S>1^ nor can there be made without it any true 
aurum potjbile : but few men know how a true 
fpirit c^ Wine is made, much lefs can its property 
be found out wholly. 

Several ways have been tried to draw, and to 
get the fpirit of Wine without fophiftication, as 
by (cveral inftruments and diftilliugs with metal- 
line Serpents, and other ftrange inventions, of 
Sponges, Papers, and the like. Some caufed a 
rediiied aqicaviu be frozen in the greateft froft, 
expeding the phlegm thereof (hould turn to Ice, 
the fpirit thereof to keep liquid, but nothing was 
- done to any purpofe. 

The true way for the getting qf it, I told yoa 
of at the end of my Manuals ; for it muft be 
fubtile, penetrating, without any phlegm, pure, 
aerial, and volatile, fo that air in a magnetick qua- 
lity may attrad: it, therefore it had need to be kept 
clofc m : it is of a penetrating and effectual ope- 
ration, and its ufe is feveral. 

There are three, which are the nobleft Crea? 
tures in the world, thcfe three bear a wonderfu} 
afifedtionone toanother* Among Minerals it is 
Hian, out of whofe Mumz is made an Animal i 
ftone, in which Microcofme is contained. Among • 
Minerals Gold is the nobleil, whofe iixednefs is a -' 
iliiiicient teilimony of its noble olf-lpriug and 
kindred. Among Vegetables there lieth hid a 
Veojetable ftone. Man loveth Gold and Wine 

above t "^i 


A jhort vpaj and Repetition^ ^c. 3 ^ I 
above all other Creatures, which may be beheld 
with eyes. Gold loveth Man and >Vine, becau(e 
lit lets go its nobleft part, if fpirit of Wine be 
:put to it , be ing made 'po^^^^e ■> which giveth 
Iftrcjigth to man, and prolongeth his life m 

Wine bcareth affection to man alfo, and to 
[Gold, becaufe it cafily uniteth with the tincture 
of Sol , expelleth naelancholly and faduefs, re- 
frcfheth and rejoyceth mans heart. He that hath 
thefe three ftones may boldly fay, that he hath the 
{tones of the Vniverjal, much of it is talk'd and 
written: but what eye hath fecn it! not one a- 
mongft many hundred of millions. 

Thefe flones, renew men and beafts, cure Le- 
prous Metals, caufe barrennefs to become fertile, 
with a new birth, humane reafon is not able to 
comprehend it, nor conceive of it. 

If a redified Jlqua vit£ be lighted, then Mer- 
cury and the vegetable Sulphur feparateth, that 
Sulphur burns bright, beingameer hre, the ten- 
der Mercury betakes himfelf to his wings and fir- 
cth to his Chxos* 

He that can (hut up and catch this fiery fpirit, 
he may boaft, that he hath gotten a great victory 
in the Chymical battle : for this Vegetable iicry 
iulphur is the only Key to draw the Sulphur from' 
mineral and metalline bodies. 

Thus I clofe my book, the tbings cont ained 
therein are not grounded on opinions,as moft Pby- 
flcians rely on the Authors, that (uch and fuch ' 
Herbs are cold and moill, dry, and warm, in the 
tirft, fecond, and third degree : becaufe they heard 
their Authors affirm it, themfelves neither iaw it, 
nor made tryal of it : making mcer colledions 


3 1 2 A fbort waj and Repetition^ &c. f 

from other mens writings, patching up volumes* t 
The things I wr©te of, I know by a long experi- 
mental knowledge, to be true : this my experi- 
fflice I hope will take place, and get the victory as 
die Amazons did in theit prude nee. 

The eternal heavenly ipirit refreih our Souls, 
that wc may walk in heavenly ftrcets, forfaking all 
felfe aad erroiaeous by-ways. Amen. 


TH £ 




O F T H E 

Sulphur, Vitriol, and Magnet 

of the Philofophers* 

s E c T. I. 

Of the Sulphur and Ferment of the Philofiphers. 

I» Have written for thee Seeker of that mod: 
noble and blelTed Art of Chymiftry, a imall 
, Treat ife of thePhilofophers Stone, divided 
into XII. Keys, and haveexpreflely nomina- 
ed the Matter of the Philofophcrs Sulphur in the 
irft Key, and taught you in the fecond Key how 
ou ought to diitili our water of the Eagle and 
old DragoHy who had his dwcllidg a long time 
1 Rocky Clifts, and crept iiV and out in Subter- 
anean Concaves and Hollow places i pour this 

A a Spirit 

344 ^f^^^ 'Ph.hfcfhrs ntrt J. 

Spirit upon purged and fined Gold, let it difiblvc 
and putrifie tourtecn days in Ba nc M^ru diiiAl 
it, and pour the Water again en the Gold Ca'x, 
andcohobate this until the Gold pcfsovcr with 
the Watcr.ja this again to di;?Jl,aLiu. 6vi\ iW a- 
ttr gently, leave a third part ot it in the bottome, 
then kt It into u Cellar, let it Coagtlate and Ciy- 
fiilli/e, wjO\ thcl^, Cryiials with ail'ihd Water, 
amaig ma them with Mtrcuiy vive, evaporate 
the Mercury gcnt'y^ then you have a li bti'c pow- 
dtr, pat it in a glafs, lite it, rtverhaatt it for 
three days and nights, do it gently, thus is the 
Fhiloicpiicrs Su'phur well prepared tor your 
work, and this is the Purple Mantle, or Philofo- 
phick Gold, keep it liitely in a glals for your con- 

S E C T. II. 

Of the FhiLfofhcrsVitrhU 

IHave told you plainly how Philcfophcrs Sul- 
phur is niade, which loco m.-fculU is to make 
the King, or Man , now you muft have the te- 
niale, or wife, which is the Mercury of Philofo- 
phers, or the materia prima lafidvi^ whKh muft be 
made artificially : for our Azoth is not con.mon 
Vinegar , but is extraded with the con anon 
Azothy and there is a Salt made of materia pri^ 
tna , or Mercury of the Philcfophcrs , which 
is coagulated in the belly of the earth. When 
this matter is brought to light, it is not dear, and 
is toiled every wht re, Chiaclren play with it: it 
is pondcrons, and tiuh a lent oi a dead body, toi 


Of the fhilofophftl yitriel. 345. 

€wo Gilders you may buy this matter for the 
work: Thcrdore take this matter, diftilJ , cal- 
cine, fublime, reduce it to aflies 5 for if an Ar- 
tift want afhes, how can he make a Salt, and he 
that hath not a Metalline Salt, how can he make 
thePhilofophers Mercury ? 

Thtrctore , if you have calcined the matter, 
then extract its Salt, rcdihc it well, kt it fhoot 
hito the Vitriol, which muft be fwect, without 
any corrofivencis, or ihirpnefs of Salt. Thus 
you get the Philofophcrs Vitriol, or Pnilolophick 
Oyl, make further ot it a Mercurial water, thus 
you have perform'd an artiikial work : this is 
called the Philofophcrs Azoth^v^^hich purgeth La-' 
ton^ but is not yet wafh'd. For Az. th wafhtth 
Laton-, as the Ancient Philo(bphers have totd two 
or three thouiand years ago. For the Philofophick 
Salt, or Laton muli: with its own humidity, or its 
own Mercurial water be purg'd,diirolv'd,dilliiPd, 
attract its M^gnet-^^wdi itay with it. And this is the 
Philofophers Mercury. or Mercwriwf duplicstm^ and 
are two fpirits, or a Ipirit and water of the Salt 
of Metals. Then this water beareth the name of 
fuccus Lunaridi^ aqua cjelcjiis^ acctum I'hilfopho-' 
Tum'^ aqua Sulfhurii^ aqua fcrmanens^ bene- 
di^a. Take eight, or ten pans of this water, and 
one part of your Ferment^ or Solphur of S l^ fet 
it into the Philofophcrs E^g, lute it well, put it in 
the Aihanar^ into that vaf orous, and yet dry tire, 
govern it, to the appearance of a black, white, 
and red colour, then you get the Fhiiofophers 
flone, and you enjoy this noble, dear, and blefied 
Medicine andTiuCture, and you may worii mira- 
des with it, 

A a 2 SECT, 

34 * ^/ ^^^ Fhitoj others Magn t. 


Of the Fhihfpkrs Magnet* 

HErmes the father of Phi^ofc| htv^ had tMs Arty 
and was the hril that wrote ct it. crx pr^pa- 
led the fioneout ct Mcrcury.Sol^ui n Lun .vi ihe 
Philofophcrs : vvhtm m.ry thoul.r.a b he u tors 
have imitated, n.y itU alio cid the '^--i. ; ^^^^\ 
fpeak really, that the ruiIcUphi.^i^ j .re ^^ ^ivn^ 
pofed of two bodies, the be^innir^ ;■: ^ ^ of 

it mult be with PhiloiopMciv ^ cj . ■ 

And this is novv frimA mite.i ..-li : 

materia ^ri;wd belongs on)} to C^oc:, auu ;.>,>.agu- 
lated in theentrulsof the E^rih, fidr ii to Mer- 
cury, then into Lead, then into Tin ai.. C- ppcr, 
then into Iron, &c» Thus the ccgulited Mercu- 
f y muft by Art be turn'd into its trima mnerii^ or 
water, that is, Mercurial water. This is a Itone 
and no Itone, ot which is made a volatile fire, in 
form cf a water, which rlrowneth and difv^veth 
its fix't father, and its vohtile mother. 

Mct.iLine Sih is an imperfw^ft body , which 
tumeth tcP.iUofcphickMercy,thatis,ii.to2 per- 
manent, or Dlefiea wetter : and is the I hilcfophtrs 
Mjgnct^ which Juvt ih it;, Pmiofophick Mirj,lrick- 
cth unto him, and abiduth v^itli him. Thus our 
S4 hath a M^../;e/^alio, wiiich M:;g,net is the hrrt 
root and mattei- Oi our ftone : Ii J" ou conceive of 
and under 'hnd ii,y Lyii^y^h^u yc^. are the licheft 
man in the world. 

Hermes fJtii, ri.iLc thir.^; . it r^q- Tcd for the 
work J niit a vol-Uic, or ivier^.-aul Wiccr, a(j7(a 


c.e/c'f jjr, then Leo viridU^ which is the Philofophick 
I i<fr, thinly £f Hermew^ Snl^ or FtrmenU 

Laitly iiutc, Philoibpncrs had two ways, a wet 
one, whicti I made uie ( -F, and a dry one : herein 
y.a liii.i pro.o.jd Philoiophically , you muft 
purg. wwllthe Pniioioph: IS Mercury, and make 
Mcic^ry with M.rcury, adding the Philofophick 
Slit, icrment, or S.dpnur of Philofbphers, and 
prucccG tncrcin, as yon hcaird formerly, then you 
h4Vi. the Piiiiofcphcrs M^^/iu^ that is, thePhilo- 
fojiiers Mefcuiy. Secoiidly, the Met aihne Salt, 
or Piiiloiophick Silt. Thirdly, ^s HermetU^ oe 
Pniiolopliiwk Sulphur. 

Tnus I iuvc delineated the whole Art, if you 
do uoc uu Jeriland it, then you will get nothing, 
nor art thou predeiiinated thereunto. 

Aik^rkJ exprejjiifns betn>ixt the Holy'Irlnity and 
ihc Fhibfofhers fione* 

DEar Chr'ftian Lover, and well wilher to the 
blelicd Arr : how gracioully and miracu- 
loully hath tlic Holy Trinity created the Philofo- 
phers iioue. f or God the Father is a ijpirit, and 
yetmakcrh himlclf known under the notion of a 
man, as he Ipeaketh? Genef 1 . Chap, let us mak^ 
man, an image like unto us. I em, this exprclfi- 
Oil in his worK (peak of his mouth, eyes, hands, 
and teet '» i'o PhilofopherS vMercury is held a (pi- 
xitual body, as Pnilolbphercs call him. God the 
Fattier begctteth his onely Son J E S U S 
C H il i S T, which is God and Man , and is 
witnout tin, neither needed he to die : but he 
laid dowiv his lite freely, and xok again, for 

Aa 3 his 

3 4 8 ^U^onricA txpreffion betnixt^ &c. 
his brethren and fiftcrs Hike, that they might live 
V^ith him eternally without fin. So is Sol^ oi 
Gold without dwfeiS) and isfixt holds out glori- 
ouily aH'hery examcns, but byreafon of its im- 
pcrftd and lick brethren and fillers^ it dieth, and 
.ri(:'th glorioully , rcdeemeth and tingeth them 
unto ttcrnil Hfe, making them perfcd unto good 

The third pcrfon in the Trinity is God the ' 
Holy Giiuft, a comforter fent by our Lord Chrijl 
Jeftis unto his believing Chriliians, who ftren^th- 
neth and comforteth them in Faith, unto eternal 
litej even fb is the fpirit of material Sol^ or of 
the body of Mercury, when they come together, 
then is he called the dnuhte Mercury^ thefe are two 
fpirits, God the Father, and God the Holy Ghoft ; 
i3vt G>.>i the Son, a gloriricd Man, is even as our 
-gloriheJ. and hxed Sol^ or Philofophers ftonc h 
iincc'L^/H is called "trinus^ namely, out of two 
waters, or ipivits of Mineral, and of Vegetable, 
and of the Animal of Sulphur of Sol : Thcfe 
aru chj Two and Tiirce, and yet but one : if you 
Vncl'critand it not, tiien you are not like to hit 
,aj^,y. ;T.U!S hy way of a iimiiitude I delineated 
unto'jhce futJijiently the VniverfaU Pray to 
.'God for a b!eiiing. for without him you are noc 
lirie to proJpvi at all. 







Sulphur, Vitriol, and Magnet 

S E C T. I, 



Of SulftJttr of Situm. 

J, wy| {i- % Here is extra iSed from calcined Sa- 
turn with diilill'd Vintgar a Cry- 
ftallineSalt, which is diltiird with 
Spirit of Wine unto a red Oyl. Tui* 

Oyl cureth Melancholly, hcry Pox, old Ulctrs^jiai 

many other inhrmitics betides. 

2. T.iis Oyl coiguUtech and fixcth Mercury, 

bein^ lirli: precipitated wicli O/lot" Vicrioi, tor 

all Powders and Mcdicamcucs , which are to 

Aa 4 nuiis 


3 JO Of Sulphur of ]ixnipcv. 

make ^ol and L««e, muft be madc^fix, holding in 

all fiery tryals. 

3. Out of this Oyl is made a glorious Tindure, 
if you take three parts of Mercury of Mars, and 
one part of this red Oyl of Saturn, joyning, coa- 
gulating, and fixing them : this work may be ac- 
complished in a months time^or fome what longer. 
This Tin(9:ure may be augmented with Mercury 
ci Mars^ufque in infimtumh projeding one part of 
it upon three parts of ISol^ to make thereby an in- 
greffe for the Tindure h one part of this Tincture ; 
tranimuteth thirty parts (if fo be it be well prepa- 
red) of Mercury and oiLune into good SoU Re- 
member thy Creator ,^nd be mindful of the poor,: 
then the the Lord will be mindful of theealfo. 

C H A ?^ II. 
Of Sul^f nf Jupiter. 

1** Here is made of 7»f i>er,a Salt like that which 
is made of' Saturn, from thenee iscxtrai^ed^ 
^and diltilPd a red fweet Oyl: this Oyl tingeth 
SatL!rn,*b^ing firii calcined with Sal. armoniack 
into SoL 

S. 2^. The Limature of Jupiter being calcined 
with Ca:x vive for a day, ^and the Calx being 
wa(h'd firom it, then you have a foCd powder, if 
you CJ.U reduce it again into a fluidnels,and' fcpa- 
r.:r. it with Sat>ini,'thcn you may get enough of 
^ Gold and Silver. 

-> r icrc is a calcination made of Tin and * 
' L. td .vi :h common Salt, but better is it, if made 
\vii.h::>wiitjqf the cipup mon of Vitriol and Peter, 
''•'• ■ " -the 

Of Sulphurs of Mars and of Venus. 3 5 1 
the Oyl of Vitriol being added unto Calx of Ju- 
fiter and Saturyi^ and made one ma(s of it, lute 
it well, let it Itand for eight days and nights in 
warm Sand, and then drive it ; one Centuer of 
Lead affords in this manner fix Mark and a half 
of fine Lune : pne Mark of fuch Lune yields two 
drachmcsof SoL 

This hath been my firft piece to make Lune 
^ndSol withal. Note, thefe fix Mark and a half 
of Lune afford thirteen drachmes of Sol^ this 
Sol and Lune amounts to 2 cS.CildorS, or 20. 
pound and 1^. (hillings. 


Of Sulphurs of Mzrs andVtnus* 

I, Tp'Ake fome pounds of Verdigrecce, extrad 
J. its Tindare with diflilPd Vinegar, let it 
fhoot, then you have a glorious Vitriol, out of 
which you may diftill per retrort a red Oyh This 
Oyl dilibiveth Mars turning into a Vitriol, which 
is reduced in a long time in a great fire unto a 
red Oyl, then you have together Sulphur of Mars 
and V^enu^'i add fomdwhat of Sulphur o^ Sol^ coa- 
gulate and fix itjthen you have a Medicine, wnich 
meliorateth Men and Metals. 

2- Luftc is graduated with the Oyljand a good 
part of the Kings Crown is gotten. 

3 . Two equal parts of laminated Sol , and 

Lhhb melted together, putrificd in this Oyl for a 

day and a • night, turneth them into good Gold. 

In this Oyl you will find many ilrange affeds 

^ and vertues. Lmis Vci}. ' • 


5S2 Of Sulphur §[ Sol 


Of Sulphur of Sol. 

V T Have formerly told how Gold is made fpi- 

X ritual unto the Purple Mantle. New ii you 
are about to make atiru-n potabilc^ then you may 
dilT'^lve with the Oyl of Vitriol that ip-rstiial 
Gold, extrad, and draw it over with Spirit of 
Wine : this js a Medicine, which cureth many 
difficult difeafes, and is wonderful in efficacy. 

2. This S Jar Sulpfmr tingeth prepared Calx 
of Lune into good Geld, but. you heard in my 
former expreiEons, that the King hath only an 
honourable Garment ^ and muU raife-his Rents 
and Subfidies iiom his Si bj.ds, w.Ux be bathed in 
his flouri(h\ng bloud and Iwcat, muft be deitroy- 
ed and glorioufly renc w'dv.hen is he able to mai\e 
his poor brethren and {liters to be Kings alio, and 
legitimate their baiiards. 

Antimony is a baltard of Saturn, bow much of 
Keguluf it hath, fo miuch is turned into 5y/ ? its 
^ue Dofe of Tladurc bein^ hiit added thereunto. 
Miircafte a baiiaid ot Jupiter^ is turird to Sal al- 
To by means of ar Tincture. Vitriol . nath in it a 
Mi.ta!line Mercury, a balhrd of fcfm-, as much 
as it hath of it, {o much is ting'd into S ;/. 

::. If you add the Solar Sulphur unto Sulphui 
of Vitriol, Vcn'US and Mars^iud tucU hx them ar- 
tificially, then you have alii cturc tor Men and 
Kktals, expelling all mc'.nn..r ot <lficalcs : and 
thjshxMpO'vvder ilw^ahFjttuuLiaurLnne intc 
S:L Laui Lev* 


Of Sulphur of Mercury. 3 5 j 


OfSulfhifr of Mercury. 

MErcury is the Original of all Metals, and is- 
a fpiritaal body, and a fugitive fcrvarit, 
when it is caft into the fire, then it flyeth into his 
Chaos, Bat he that can catch him, he gets then 
the Sulphur of .Mercury, or Water of Sulphur, or 
a^na bcmdi^a^ the Key of the Art, which open- 
cth Metals Philofophically. The Philofophers 
Mercury, and not the Vulgar, being reduced unto 
w^ater, diflblvcth the Philofophick Salt together 
with the Purple Mantle, by putrefa6hion and dis- 
tillation, for is is Mtrcurm duplicatus* 


Of Sulphur of Lune. 

i. ^r*HisL«we is made fpiritual by means of 
,1 our water, of the fecond ;Key, and may 
eafilybe made into potable filver, whereby many 
difeafes ate cured. 

2. Feed three parts of this fpiritual Lunc \^ ith 
equal parts of Virgins Milk, and bring two of 
them unto fixation, then you have an augment 
of Liine^ which breedeth monthly young ones, 
thefe are taken forth, and their places are fuppli- 
ed with Mercury vive,€^c. This powder is re- 
duced with Borax, then ycu have an augmcntum 


354 Of Sulphur of Antimony. 

C H A P. V 1 1. 

Of SMmr of A.ntiir]ouY* 

l.'T' is made out ofs* Vitrum Antimonii 
K wlttidiliiird Vinegar a fvveet extradion, 
let is acetum be feparated trom it : on the re- 
mainder pour (pint of Wine, which muft be ex- 
tracted, and the pure from impure fcparted. Tnis 
fvvect extradion draw over^kt the fpirit of vvine 
by cohobation be often drawn from it, and that 
powder may be reduced to a glorious Oyl of An- 

This Oyl cureth all manner of dileafcs, being 
m'niiired ui a convenient Vehicle. 

2. Further, take one part of this Oyl^and two 
parts of the Mercurial watcr,in which is diifoiv- 
cd a fourth part of the purple Mantle, thendif- 
folve, conjoyn, lute Hermetically, coagulate, and 
iix. This Tindturc tln^cth Lune Zi\d Mercury 
into Sol. Tills is that pure Sulphur of Antimony, 
which is mad.^ of the Vitrum ot Antimony per /e, 
without any addition of Sakpeter,Salt,or Borax. 


Of Sulphur of Vitriol. 

I. TpHere is made of Vitriol a lixivium with 
\ afhes of Beech-wood, and a Sulphur is 
dxdvvn from this Vitriol, and is pr^cipitacea with 
S::]: uf Tartar > then the red O/ior Suipour is 
cxtraded with J'/if^i.^frOyi;paC*iii^ the lam^' with \ 


Of fCTyfr-or^SuifiuT. 355 

fpirit of Wire, elf rrd thcfpjrit of W'lrcficm 
it. This ^loricvs Oyl cf Sulpbrr is gccd sgair.ft 
irary dileaks, it is to be ufcd aga.'rjfi Ccrd n pti- 
oi:i,DropikJ%gue5$cabbiiieis,2rd ii ch like^ 

2. Vitriol is (iiblincd withSalaiircniacalfo, 
and better than if done with a ii^ivit ni^ becatfe 
the body of Vitriol is better cpeiud ai:d c'iTolv- 
ed. This fubbniate is dilTolvcd into ^n Cyl , 
.whereby crude Mercuiy can be ccagiJattd ^ r.d 
fix'd, of the which I (hall write more aronj 
wlien I treat of Vitriol. 



Of common Sulphur. 

Here is a Liver rcade of^ yellow Sulphur 

^ with Linfecd Gyl, then deccdt and putri- 
fie it in a liximum n.ude ct Sal Alcaly, and then 
diftili it, pour this water rn ly'es, whicbi<e^ly 
came out of the furnace, irr:Libt ih'.ni iftrcwi^ 
diiuU it ^ir retortam^ yci' h uve a ycllcw water oT 
it like ar aqtiajort^ which tir.gxili X^?/C. Take one 
jpart of this water, and trc p. it 0\ I trar cah-^kt 
St itand three days and nigl is ii vaini Satid, the 
fourth part of it turntth i ntc C cc, be leduced, 
Lparated, and purged w ith Saiftrn 

2. Further, buJpui wiih ihc c-r.irrj a of 5*;?- 
tnrn-i being often c:ii\cn cwr aro hxed, ii.ay 
then fately be ufed inv^aidly ttr a K.cdicine : but 
pro;eded on Luyt£y in the fa.x it afiords gocd 
Gold a fourth part. 

5. Of the Gray powder and Calx zhx' eqra 
parts,one poi-nd^a fcvnhpsrt oi UiHii^c gitiTid 


55^ Of vitriol of Sol, arj $fLixnci 
therewith, and driven over per ntnrtam^ alford-^ 
« glorious red Oyl, which is of a fixing and gra- 
duating quality. 

4, Laftly, Itel! you, take of thisOylof Sul- 
phur, of Venus-, and of Murs^ add thereunto the 
Oyl of the Sulphur of Antimony, bind thife to- 
gether with the Oyl, or Water of Mercury, hx itj 
then you have a Medicine for Men and Metals^ 
viz* to tinge Mercury and Lune into Sol* 


Of Vitriols. 


Of Vitriol '/Sol, and cf Lnnc* 

IN the firfi: place you rmil have our water of the 
coid Earih fJt;^znd of the E^'jle^ where- 
with Gold and Silver are made fpiritual, and co- 
agulated incoCryOals, or a Metalline Vitriol , out 
of which is diltilled wirhipi/k of wine, after its 
proper manner^ and Qyl ot Sulphur, to be ufed 
after the manner of Metal. 


Of Vitriol of Saturn, <z;/^(7/ Jupiter. 


Icinc Saturn, or Ji^piter, cxtr^d its Mimnf 
Viih diltiird Vinegar, let itputritic tourtccii 


Of ritrUI of MntF.y &t do^ Vcrvis. ^ 57 

days, let the Vitriol (lioot. This muft be driven 

over with Spirit of Wine, it ;,ficrd a Iweet Oyl, 

and it is the Sulphur ot Saturn ind J tpiter. This 

'Oyl coagulateth Mercury, and be ng iirlt precipi- 

I tared with Oyl of Vitriol, it tixeth ic. 


Of Vitricl fUzxs. 

TAke the filings of Mars and Sulphur equal 
parts, calcine ihtm in a briciv-kill toa pmplc 
i colour, pour on it diitiird Water, or Vinegar, it 
extrudcth a ^>recn colour, abllrad two|>9rtS'.of 
chat water, let it (hoot : thus you have ^^ble Vii- 
triol, difiiil from it, a red oyl, take an buiiee of it> 
add to it Mercurial water, in which is difloly'd 
Soi^ hx this Tindure, Lead, Silver,aiid Tinj arc 
tranfmuted thereby into pure Gold. ■ 

Return thanks to God the Creator of Mine* 
ralSj Metals,, arid all other Creatures ! 


Of Vitriol of y^xiMS. 

I Have tanght you already to extraft the tranf- 
parent Vitriol out of Vermy and to diftiil its 
red Oyl. T his Oyl diflblvcth Mars, into Vitriol> 
ana being once more d iiiiir d />cr rc^onj'^ forci- 
bly, th^iyou have an excellent Tinging ^Y^ or 
Salt ..ot Mars* This is the Kings Exci^n^n, 
which Lringcth in his Rents, and enrichctn^im* 
This Oyl diffolvcth the Spiritual purple *Gold» 


3 5 S Of Vuriol of Mercury 

and draweth it over the Helmet. Now yoa 
have fermented the Solar Sulphur with its own 
Sulphur, which Philofophers before me have not 
done, but fermented calcined Gold, or the Galx 
of Gold in Mercnrm Duplicates^ and attained un- 
to the end they wifh'd for, as well as I. But ac- 
cording as men do work, fo is the operation of 
their Tindare, tranfmuting more,or lefs, accord- 

\.ieg to the efficacy of the Tindare. 

2. Out of the Oyl of this Martial Salt, is 

' Mercury of Antimony precipitated, and' added 
to the fwect Oyl of Vitriol, is hx'd > this Medi- 
cine next unto the Philofophers Itone is the bett, 
and.higheft Vrtiverjal upon mans body, and ting- 
cth Lune , Saturn , and Jupiter into good Soly 
holding in the examen very well. 

:^ . -There is made alfo a malfe out of Honey, 
^ Salt, and Viiicgar, and lamins oH l/'enus^ which 

, are firatified and calcined. This calcinate of its 
own accord, turns to a Verdigreece, which muft 
beextradted, cryftalKzed, and dirtilled to a red 
Oyl i which is ufed as you h:rard wibove. 


Of Vitriol of Mercury. 

I. T Tltricl of Mercury is cafily made, v/ith 
V acHjfort made of Saltpir und Ailomc bs^- 
ing diffolved therein : Cryilals d..> Ihoot like un- 
to Vitriol; thcfe being wa(h'd dhciil them intp 
a f>\'eet Oyl, with fpiric of W'in^, tirtt ftrtincd 
with Silt of Tartar, this is an excdknt Mdr^ 
cine a£ain{^ thcFrcn.h difeafe, old Ulcers, (Jiitjfe 


uf Lfmmo/2 wimoi. ?5y 

lick-, windy- ruptures, Gouts, expelling maiiy 
other dilcafes oi t of mans body. '■"'( r''""'' ' "^^'*^ 

2. ThisOy] is joyned alfo with MarttalTm- 
dures. For Mercury is ^he bond of other Me- 
tals, and maybe well ufed ? art iadant'er. ' The 
chicfelt colour of Mercury is red, that is after it ' 
is precipitated as you find in my other writings* 




I. T*Ake good HmganaHVitno]^di{io\vc it 
I indiftilled water, coagulate it, let it ihooc 
into Cryftals : iterate it five times, then is it well 
purged, and the Salts, Allums, and Niter are fc-- 
pa rated from it. Dirtill this purged Vitriol with 
(pirit of Wine unto a red Oyl, ferment with fpi- 
ritual Sol, add to it a due Dofe of quick Mercu- ■ 
ryof Antimony, coagulate, and fix, then you 
have a Tindture for men, and it tmgeth Lrffff 
aKbinto SvL 

Vifitando htterhfj, T'errjty 

In'jcniet'vs oQCultttm Lafickrrt^ 
Veram Mcdicbiarfi* 

2* t Htriol is calcined alfo to a red colour in a 
V cloie Velic'o on which pour dillilled Vine- 
gar^ and fct it in pur refaction tor duxe months, is found in a firong dilHUafion^a quick Mct- 
;cury,which you are to keep fate. Wonders m:.y be 
c&dcd therewith^ in FartiutUrs and V'lmrfdf. 

B b T^kc 

Take three parts of this Mercury, and one 
part of Sol^ joyn thefe,which being fixed affords 
2L Solar augmentum. Make your fupplies with 
its Mercury. Law Vco* 

' 5. This calcined red Vitriol is fublimedalib 
with SalarmonicLc^ this fublimatc is dilToIved into 
■>an Oy\. This Oyl iixeth Cincbar, whereof may 
be had Lune and SoU 

4. There is made a fix't water <iIfo, Salarmo- 
niac and Allom being added thereunto. This 
"water being poured upon Sulphur of Saturn , 
which before was precipitated into a red powder, 
imbibe, and coagulate, and let an ingrejfe be made 
with Sol^ then you have a Tindure, whereby 
crude Antimony is tranfmuted into good Lwwe, 
which may be tranfmuted into Sol, 

5. Laftly, I tell th^c, if you extrad the Salt 
out of Vitriol, and redifie it well, then you have 
a work which is (hort , and tingeth Lune into 
Sol^ this metalline Salt coapulateth vulgar Mer- 
cury^ and being tranfmuted into Lune^ it may be 
graduated higher by Antimony. 

Thus you have my operation and experiments, 
which may be very profitable unto you. Make 
a good Chriftian u(e of it, help the poor, cure 
the difcafed, then God will blefsyou. Jmen* 

Sulphur y VitrhU 
AmiiSmy h Mercury, 



of vulgar MagKiet. ^ 3^i 


Of vulgar Magneu 

1 . \ J Agnet contains that , which common 
j\^ji Mars hath. Common Iron may eafi- 
ly bej wrought , I need not to make many 
words of it. Magnet hath an attraftive quali- 
ty to draw Iron. 

2. There is made an Oyl o^ Magnet and Mars^ 
which is very eifc^ual in deep wounds. 

3. With Magnet and Antimony is made L«;fe 
fix, which with the Oyl ot Mars and Venns is 
graduated, and made Gold : it may be perform- 
ed alfo with Antimony and Mars. 

Thus I finifli'd my courfc \ and found many 
things in my working. My fellow brethren 
turn'd Alchymifts>.alThad the Philofophers ftone. 
I was the beginner, took great pains,. before I at- 
tained to any thing, if you read my writings di- 
ligently, you will find in the Parable of the XII. 
Keys, the prima materia-, or Philfophers Mercu- 
ry, together with the Philofophick Salt : thePhi- 
lofophick Sulphur, or Ferment, I delineated ex- 

Now I clofe, and commit you to God, and 
delire you to remember me. 

Medium 'temtcre Bean* 

Bb 2 Jod* 

3 ^ J A Prorep upors the Phihfophick 

]od. V, K. , 

A Procifi upon th' Phi'ofophirk vpork 
of Vitricl. 

HAvIng gotten this Procefs in tbeforeraid year,- 
and afterward, as you fhail hear, with mine 
own hands elaborated snd wronght^tht fame, no 
man over-looking mc, I was heartily rejoyced, 
even as if I had been new born, and returned 
hcart^,,thanks to. God : its- pradtick at the.hrlt I 
have aioi plainly dcfcribed, becauie Ihad erred in 
the com^oiing of it, and was fain to begin the 
\york anew^ I having miisM in my woru, I be- 
gun in the 1 6-^5. bccaufc the matter of tlie 
Earth, and the fpirit of Mercury was not fuffici- 
uitly purged, thcrctore the earth could not per- 
fectly h'c r.nitalat the compolition with the wa- 
.tcr, I let that quite alone, and began a new Pro- 
ceis at the end ot the year 1605. in the City c'l 
Sir jj burg ^ ukd more. diligence and cxadneis, 
tiicn mfi^^erk ( God be priiied; profpercd better^ 
ioi the whictj I am llill thanhtul to God for it. In 
t^ie nj^nic ot^thc Holy Trinity, the ip. of Otfo^ 
/?.T, Auii. io'O). 1 tooli ten pound of Vitriol, 
diflblv'd iz in diiiill-d Kain-wat.r, being warm'd, 
ki it fraud U)r a-dayand a n'glir, at that time 
nauy fi.:if were ietlcd, I nitrated the matter, 
c vjpoii ted it .gently, adxHtic^iiim ?ii(;nc^ I iet it 
on a-ceH^l place rotrylialli/e, tiiisonlhct Vitriol I 
e^i-icc^ted; diiUlved it again in diiciikd Rain-wa- 
C.r- kcic fnoot again, which work I iteraied lb 
lung, lili tuc Vjctlol got a caleiuul gr.en colour, 

. • haVing 

no /• o; ritrioL 3"^^ 

having no more any feces about it, and loft all its 
corroiivcntfs^and was of a very pleafant talk. 

This highly putrificd Vitriol, thus crude,' and 
not calcined, I put into a coated Retort, diililled 
it in open fire, drove it over in twelve hours (pace 
by an cxad government of lire in a while fume, 
when no more of thdc fumes came, and the red 
corroiiveOyl began tocome, then I kt the lire go 
out, the next morning, all bekig cold, I took ort^ 
the receiver, poured the gift in the receiver into a 
body, and iome of the lure being falPn into, I 
filterd it, and had a fair menfirual water, which 
had romeph!egme,beca»fe-ttook that Vitriol un- 
calcined, which I abltradcd in ^Balnzo^ not leav- 
ing one drop of water in it. 

I found m^^ Chaos in the bottome of a dark 
redncfs, very ponderous, which I poured into a 
Viol, fealcd it Hcrmetice, (et it on a three-foot in- 
to a wooden globe into a vaporous bach made 
of water, where I left it fo long, till all was di(- 
(blved, after Ibme weeks it (eparated into two ' 
parts, into a bright tranfparent vvater,and intaaji 
earth, which fetled to the bottome of thcglafs,in 
form of a thick black corrofivc, like pitch. 1 ie- 
parat^d the white fpirit from it, and the fluid 
blacK matter I fet in again to be dilfolved, the 
white fpirit which was dilfolv'd of it,I tparated 
agiin, this work I reiterated leaving notning in 
the Dottome, fave a dry red earth. After that, I 
purged my white ipirit per difiiUationem Very ex- 
actly, ii was as pure as tne tear that Talis troni the 
cye.theremainingcarth lexiccated under a Muffle 
ijt was as porous,and as diy as duiijOn this I pour- 
ed ag^iii my wi:it'j Ipirit, let it in a digclMon, tliif? 
IpuiL txcracted ti.e bulpi}i;r>or-hji!o(uphick gold, 

^64 APijfffs uponrhf Philofcphick 
and was ting'd of a red yellow, I canted it olf 
from the fnatter, and in a body I abftradied the 
fpirit from the Sulphur, that Sulphur ilayed be- 
hind in form of an Oy!, very fiery, nothing like 
unto its heat, as red as a Ruby : this abftrac^ed , 
white fpirit I poured on the earth again, cxtrad:- \ 
■ed further in Sulpher, and put it to the former. 
After this that Cor fits terra lookM of a paler co- „ 
lour, which I calcined for fome hours under a j 
Muffle, put it into a body, on it I poured my 
white ipirit, extradted its pure whiDi fixed Salt:, 
the remaining earth was very porous, gdod-fbr 
nothing, which I flung away, thus thc(c three 
principles were fully and- perfedly feparatcd. 

After all this I took iVy aftral clariiied Salt, 
which weighed half an o^ince, after the weight 
at Strasburg , and of thd white (pirit , which 
weigh 'd four ounces, of Klercury one ouncc,and 
a quarter of an ounce, t\\c^c I divided into two 
parts, whofe quantity Wjis half an ounce and one 
draffi, I put this Salt to one part of the water in 
a VW^ and nipped it, fet it in digeftion, there I 
faw perfccftly how the Salt diflblve^ it felf again 
in thislpirit, tiierefore I.poiircd to it the other 
part, which was half an ounce and one dram, no 
iooner this was put to it, then prefently the bo- 
dy iogethet with the fpirit turned as black as a 
Coal, a{cendcd to the end of the glafs : !ind 
having iiO room to go any further, it moved to 
alid iro, fomctimes it fetled to the bottome, by 
and by it roiir to tlie middle, then it ro(e higher, 
thus u iiiovcu trum tnc rourth of July^ to the . 
ftvench oi /Aumji , namely thirty four days, 
which wundcrtul w r^ ^ beheld with admirati* 
on y at ait iL<ik'ijcn^ un-t.d, and turned to a 


work of ^itrioU 3^> 

black powder, ftaying on the bottome, and waS 
dry, (eeing that it was fo, I cncreafed my fire in 
oncdegree, took it out of the wet, and iet it in 
afties, after ten days the matter on the bottome 
began to look fomewhat white, at which I re-^ 
joyced heartily, this degree of fire I continued, 
till the matter above and below, became as white 
as the glittering Snow. But it was not yet fix^ 
making tryal of it, fet it in again, encrealed my 
fire one degree higher, then the matter began to 
afcend and defcend, moved on high, ftaycd in the 
middle of the glafs, not touching the bottome 
of it,this lafkd thirty eight days and nights,! be* 
held then as well, asformerly at the thirty days a 
variety of colours, which I am not able to ex* 
prefs; At lall this powder fell to the bottome, 
became fix, made projcdion with it, putting one 
grain of it to one,* and a quarter of an ounce of 
Mercury, trrnfmuting the fame into very good 
Lune* Now it was time to rertore unto this 
white tinAure her true anima^ and imbibe it, to 
bring it from its whitcnefs unto rednefs, and to 
its perfect vertue. 

Thereupon I took the third principle, namely 
the anima^ which hitherto I had referved, in 
quantity it was one ounce, a quarter of an ounce, 
and one dram, poured to it my referved fpirit of 
Mercury, whole quantity was one ounce and a 
quarter of an ounce, drew it over fcveral times 
fer akmhicum^ fo that they in the end united to- 
gcther-,thofc I divided into feven equal parts .-•one 
part I poured on my clarified earth, or tincture, 
which greedily embraced its animn together with 
its (pint, and turned to a ruddinels ni twelve 
days and nights, but had no tinging quality as 
^ , Bb 4 . ycc 

^66 A Pr^icf^ upG/htfie Philofophick 
yet, faying Mercury vive and Saturn, it tranfmu- 
ted into Lunc , which Lune at the fepa rating 
yielded three Grains of Gold. I proceeded fur-* 
ther with my in:ihibition, and carried all the (c- 
ven parts of an'wu into : at the fourth imhibi- " 
tion one part of my work ting'd ten p,-rts of 
Copper into Gold, at the fiith imhibition one 
part tinged an hundred parts, at the iixfh it ting- 
ed a thoufand parts, at the fcventh it tinged ten 
thoufand parts : Thus, God be praifcd, my work 
ended facceisfully, with great joy of my heart : 
at this time I got of the true Medichte tour oun- 
ces half an ounce, and ore dram. The twolaft 
in the. ponderofity were almott equal unto the 
firft, out of this my work I paid tor Land and' 
Ground, to that Noble Gentleman 0. V. P. 
48000. Gilders. Allam 1^07. Thcfe things I 
fet down for a memorafidi^r^.^ that I (hculd not 
forget any of the manuals, and of other things 
necellary for the work. God be praifcd for ever- 
more. Amcju 

An exa^ work^^ hotv Mercury vive rt coagulated 

and brought unto a Lunar fixatlo^^ rphich 

Lune bi/lds Sol alfo in the trial* 

TAke of Mercury vive two ouiices, of pulve- 
riled common Sulphur fix ounces, grinde 
thcfe in a wooden di(]:i with a wooden PeltiiJ, fet 
it on a Coal-fire in a melting pot, ftirring it about 
•continually, let all the Sulphur evaporate : then 
take forth the Mercury.'grinde an equal quantity 
oi Sulphur with it, proceed with its heating a? 
lormerly ; iterate this worJ^ hve times \ then 
V * ^ ' fubiJme 

rori- c/ Vitriol. 3^7 

fublime this Mercury per gradus igm : take out 
this jubllmate^ break it in pieces of the bigne(s of 
a ftnall Nunt, or Bean, imbibe them in the white 
of Eg^s, then take a cementing pot, put aflies 
into it, in tha midft of it fct an Iron box,ftratltie 
into it this fublimate with rchncd illvcr, fill up 
the box, then lute an Iron lid to it, put a(hes on 
the lid, lute an earthen lid upon that, fet this pot 
into a fand Capel, let your fird: fire be gentle for 
twel\''e hours, then encreafe your fire for twelve 
hours more, at laif make a forcible fire for twen- 
ty four hours, then break open the Pot, you will 
find a black gray matter, carry it on Lead, of four 
ounces you will get three ounces of fix filver : le- 
parate this fine iilver in aquaforf^ you will find a 
good deal of black Gold Calx, rclerve the filver 
Calx apart, ;you may ftratifie , with it another 
time. Thus tar 1 went in my experience* , 


The fifth and lad part 

Gf the hfi; 



Basilius Valentinus- 

'resting uf the tranfeendent^ and mofl precf 

oia And wonderful Medicine y which the 

great Creator hath put tnto Metalline 

and Mineral SaltS-^ f$r the henrpt 

of man j to kefp him in perfeB 

' health continuxlly 

L N V iV, 
finted by S. G. &cB. G. {ox ndwardBrevp- 
ficr 5 at die Crane in Sainc ^au!s ^ 
church ^a^ard j I (5 7 o. 


The fifth and laft part 

Of the M 


Of Friar' 

Basilius Valentin us. 

BEfor.; I begin to fpcak of the Salts of Me- 
tals and Minerals, and declare their vo- 
lumes, and other precious and noble 
growth under ground, in the nrfl: place 
^Aillprvtix the preparation oi aur urn f t .bile ^ 
)ccau(;: therein lieth the Corona of Mediciuals, 
y?tii>irialitLr^ and mcriteth the Hrft place, be- 
aufc Salts of other Metals and Minerals in their 
nnate vertues are for anicuUrs only, and arc 
>rdained for to prcferve man in health ■-, and there 
s juft caufe tobigin with the making ot aurum 
■-'tJuilc without iophiitication, and will (peak of 
he dillindtion of it, that it may be judged in- 
aiiioiy to be the truconc. . 

Tiiis being my lall part, and my intention is 
o make a p.rfeci relation of aitrnm votaLilc^tox 



371 Of the fuppr natural 

the benefit of good and underflanding men, io 
whom God after my death will be/tow this my 
book, which upon tedious and laborious expe- 
•tience I wrote, wherein I fpeak not by hcar-fay, 
but the things 1 do write otj, I know experimen- 
tally to be true 

Tncrefore if God doth Llefs thee with a true 
knowledge hereof, that you would keep this fe- 
cntum in lilence and privacy, leaft you turn Gods 
bleiiing into a curfc : becaufe the preparation of 
this, and of the ftonc Is one, both have their ori- 
ginal , -and iirft generation and birth from the 
trwe feed, and Aitrologick ^imitm mobile^ called 
the (pirit of Mercury, of which formerly I have 
written more largely. For I fpeak the higfi^ft 
truth unto the.e, that neither the Vnivcrfal nor 
larfiadar T^tnUnfc^ ^either autum potubile^ nor 
oxhcx ^niverfai Miiichfc^ without this heavenly 
and fpiritual effence , which hath its original 
from the ftarry heaven, taketh and receiveth the 
fame, from thence may be had and prepared, 
therefore beliient till death,it your departing lay 
down again your talent, as I have done ^ for it 
I had not intormed you faithfully, you would 
know but little of that mylkry, and continue 
ttill with the vulgar in folly, blindnefs, and mad- 1 
neis, and you would have lent a Recipe into 
t-he greafie and falvy (hops of Apothecaries, but 
whither would thy Soul have gone after thy de- 
parture ? .into GdoPs lap, to the utmoltdeptii 
ot dariinels, wnere the Devils have their dwel- 
h'iJg places, even tit.ithcr, both thy loul and body 
would have heen fen.-, in cale thou ["houldlt have 
divnlgxd any of the(e fecrcts. 

To turn to itiy intended buiinefs, I will i|i 

ana mnjt dear Mfdicine. 373 

the firfl place inform you, what is that true and 
ligheft aurum potabile^ dud Vnivtrfal Medicim^ 
after this in crder there fclloweth another aurum 
botahik made of the lixed red Suljhur^ or Soul 
of the corporeal Gold, moft highly purged, and 
is prepared with the conjunction ot the Vniver- 
^al S fir it of Mercury, After this there folio wetb 
mother ? articular Medicine , wWch is half an 
%urum potahiki (hewing its efficacy and power in 
nnanytryals. Then I will add thereunto a d^- 
fcription of aurum pot abile, becaufe it traceth the 
(leps of Gold, and it fhcweth wonderfully its . 
^cit energy and vertues. 

The higheft and chiefeft aurum potahik^whkh 

bhe Lord God hath laid into nature, is the ex- 

coined , prepared , and fixed fubftancc of our 

(lone, before it 1$ fermented. A higher, greater, 

md more excellent Vniverfal Medicine-^ and <««- 

'um potabile cannot be tound, nor had in the cir- 

;umterence of the whole World ^ for it is a hea- 

k'cnly Balfame, becaufe its firll principles, and 

original cometh from jieaven, made formal in 

parth, or under ground, and is afterwards, being 

^xadly prepard , brought into a plufquam per- 

^e^ion^ of which firft principle and Nativity of 

his heavenly (libftance I have already written 

ufficiently, and count it ncedlefs to be repeated 


Now as this exco<fled and perfed fubftancc is 
he highefl, chiefeft, and greateli: Vniverfal Medi-^ 
ine unto man, even fo on the other fide the fasne 
natter after its ferment at ion^ is a Tindure alfo, 
nd the chiefefl:, greateft, and mofl powerful Vni- 
erfal Medicine upon all Metals whatfoever, and 
hereby may be tranfrnuted into their higheft 
u melioration 

574 Oft^e fup^rndtural 

melioration and health, namely into the purell f 
Gold. This is the iirft, chi3feft, and greateft au- 
mm potahile ^nd Vkiverfal Medidne o^thc whole 
World, of which alone great volumes could be 
written y whofe preparation was fet dt:)wn cir- jl 
oimftantially in the third part, necdlefs to be 
repeated here again i At this prefent I will fpeak 
oH the true and full proccfs^ how a true aurum 
ptahile is to be had, and prepared from Gold, 
wliich in the beft manner is moft exadly putri- 
fied. Take the extraded Soul of Gol^I, draw 
forth with the fweet fpirit of common Silt, as I 
inform'd you about the Particular of Gold,where ' ' 
the body of Gold appeared very white, abftradt 
the fpirit of Salt fron* it, edulcorate the animj 
of Sol ten or twelve times, at lall let it be purely 
exiccated, weigh nt, pour on it, four times as 
much of ^irh of Mercury^ lute it Well, fet it in 
the vaporoasBath, putrihc it gently, let the ani- 
irn oi 56'/ be quite diifolved, and be turn'.dinto 
water, or its ^rim i 'matzri.i^ both will turn into a 
bloud-rcd liquor, fair and tranlparent, ViO Ruby 
on the earth comparable itnto it. 

But thus much you mufi: note, when the anlmi ^^ 
of Si}l be^^ins to be dilTolv<.^d, and brought into its; 
primj, materh that at the firil:, 6ir the tide round ^ 
the glals, vv'here the matter lieth, there be (een ai J 
green circle, o'l it a blue, then a yellow, after-'' 
ward all the colours of a Raiii-bo^, joyn, and 
make appearance, which do laitbat a'little while. 
The a:n.^.a of Sol being Vv'hoiiy dilTolved into thc^ 
Mcrcunal jfiruv' znd nothing is (een ih the hot- 
tome, then pour to it tvv'ic'e as much of the beft ^ 
redilied Spirit of Wine, brouglit to its higheit de-. 
^ree, the glafs muii: be luted cx^Ctly-i dh/^^o ^r^d 


find moH de^ Medic wp. 375 

DUtrifie gentle for twelve, or iiftcen days togc- 
:hcT, then ablba(it fcr alcmhicum , that matter 
:ometh over in a bloud-red transparent colour : 
:his abftradiing muit be iterated^ nothing rnuft be 
left in the bottome, which is corporeal, theayou 
have the true aitrun potabile^ which can never be 
reduced into a body. 

But note, the Gold before its deftrudion and 
rxtradion ot its Soul mull: be purged in the high* 
zi\ degree. There is made another aurum ots* 
hik^ and artihciully prepared, which though it 
cannot be faid, or let down in writing to be the 
full and true potable Gold, yet is it more than 
half an aumm potabile counted^ becaufe i^t is tranf- 
cending effectual in many difeafcs, in which na- 
ture might have flood in great doubts- This half 
anrum potabilc is made in a twofold manner, 
where the latter is better and more etfcdlual thaii 
the former, and asketh more pains and time than 
the former. 

. Take this extracted Soul of Gold, drawn forth 
with the fweet fpirit of common Salt, edulcorate 
it moil: purely and exad:l>;^at lal^ exiccate it,put it 
in a fpacious Viol, or body of Gbls, pour on ic 
red Oyl of Vitriol, which was dephicgmcd^ and 
ircdihed per rctorcam^ thit h be traniparcnt.,clear> 
and white, and you may fee, that it feiieth on.thc 
Gold and dilfolveth it,and is tinged deeply red. 

Put fo much of this Oyl to it, that in it may b? 
diiTolvcd Sulphur, cr tlie Soul of Gold, let it pu- 
irihe in Bjlnc? MarU, put a reafonable tire to it, 
tiut you may fee that the Soul of Gold is quite dif^ 
folvcd in the Oyl ot Vitriol:the/?ce/,v/hica it hath 
icdcd^mml be leparated from it. then put twice as 
mr;.ii ot the beCi rcditicd Spirit of Wmc to it, 

Ci. which 

which rectification you (hall be informed of in 
this part, feal the glals, Itt noipirits of the 
Wine evaporate, (et it again in putrcfadirion in 
the Bahieo, let it be there for a month, then the 
fharpncfs of Vitriol is mitigated by the fpirit of 
wine, and lofeth its acidity and fharpnefs, both 
together make an excellent MeJicinv:, drive both 
over , let nothing ftay behind m the bottonie, 
then you get mor^ than half an aiirum pnt.ibUc^ 
in form and colour Of a deep yellow liquor. 
Note, that fome Metals in this manner Uiay be 
proceeded withal, hrlt a Vitriol may be gotten 
out of the Metal, then afpirit is further driven 
from it, and joyned in this mianmr witii tlie 
Soul, diflblved, and further digei'ted with fpirit 
of Wine, all mull enter togetR-r into a Medi- 
cine, as I told of formerly, wnich have their fpeci- 
al I fficacy. 

The fecond way to prepare this half aurmn 
p:tfbilc^ which though it be but half an anrutn 
potabik ^ yet in vertuc and ctfijacy is tar prettr- 
rcd bcrore the other now fpoKen of, and is done 

TaKc the extradfed Sx^lar Soul fpoken of above- 
P'Jt it into aViol, pcu;r on it the extradcd Phi- 
lolophick Sulphur, whicn is the fecond principle^ 
v>'h:eh is drawn witli l[jirit of Mercury trom the 
the Piljlof n hi h tartn, and Mercury, or the (pi- 
rjt of Mercury, unto an OLity, which nov/ is. 
Siilphur again, ard muil be aburacled gently per 
ni) bi.ndiii Uith^ik* 

Ot this Fni'oiophick Sulphur pour on it as 
nuicn, that the S.'Ur Soul uuy be diffo.ved, let ic 
i-.LinJi ii) a genrlc Bath, let the difiolution be made, 
then •). cr.r more ot the belt ipirit ot VVine to it, 


Of pot at le Lune. ^77 

geft gently, draw thefe over , let nothing fray 

hind in the bottome, then you have a Mtdicine, 

hich doth not want above two Grains of the 

,ht and true aurum potjbile» 

Thefe are the chiefeft ways to make the cor- 

ureal aurum pjtabile-, thisi clofe, and proceed 

rther with a (hort, but trne procefs, how the 

ilver, which is the next to Gold, concerning 

rt'cdion, is made potable alfo : this procefs mult 

2 done in the following manner. 

Take the sky-coloured Sulphur, or fpirit cf 
Ime^ which was extraded with dillilled Vine- 
ar, as I informed you in the Farticnhr ot Lurte^ 
iulcorateit, reditic it with (pirit of Wine, ex- 
ccate it, put it in a Viol,-pour to it three times 
|; much of fpirit of Mercury, which is prepared 
om the white fpirit of Vitriol, as I faithfully 
lught you ill that place, lute the glafs hrmly, fee 
in putrefadfion in the vaporous Bath, let all be 
ilTolved, and nothing more ktn in the bottome, 
len put to it in an equal quantity of theft fpi- 
t of Wine, fet it in digeltion for half a month, 
rive all over, let nothing Hay behind,'., then you 
ave the true potable L«//e, which in its efficacy is 
imirable, and doth wonders when it is ulld. 

A defcripionof the fiery 'tartar. 

3Iftill of good Wine a fpirit of Wine, redf iric 
it with white calcined Tartar, let all come 
ver, put that which is dii^illed ovct into a Viol, 
ut four ounces of well fublimed Salarmoniac 
:) one quart of fpirit ot Wine, fet a Helmet up- 
n, fet a great Receiver into cold Water, drive 
Cc 2 tiie 

;78 Ofth^SAlto-r'Arrar. 

the volatile fpirlts into, • i^cndy in B.tlrfcn M'xrUr 
leave but a little quantity of it behind. Note 
the Alembcck imiit alway; be cooled W\th wc 
deaths, then the fpirits will be dilToIved, and 
turn into a liquor. Thus is prepared this hot 
ipirit of Wine. 

Of uc Sjln-fT^rtar. 

Flrft you mufl note, that the Philofophers Tar- 
tar is not the vulgar Tartar, wherewith the 
Lock is opened, but it is a Salt, which comcth 
from the root, and is the only myltical Key for all 
Metals, and is prepared thus : make a (liarp Hxi' 
vinm oi theafhcsof SArmcnts^ or twigs of the 
Vine, boil a\\ ay all its moillure, there Itayeth he- 
hind a ruddy matter, which muft be reverbera- 
ted tor three hours in a flaming hra, liirring it 
ftilljlet it come to a whitencfs, which white mat- 
ter muli be diflblvcd in diltill d Rain-water, let 
the feces of it letilc, hltcr, iuid coagulate them 
in a glaiSjthat the nutter in it be dry, which dry 
matter is the Salt ot Tartar, from Wiiich tlie tn.c 
fpirlt is driven. 

Note, as I told now of the vertue aiid qualities 
of precious Itones, (o there are found alio many 
deipicablt, and ignoble Itones, v/hich are of great 
veTtU(.s, and experimentally are known to be of 
icirc qualities, which ignorant, and uncxpert men 
will liardlygive credit unto, neither can they 
conceiyw ot it in their dull rea(ou and undei- 
ftanding: the fame I will demonlirate w^ith the 
txampic ot Calx vive^ which in melis judgement 
is held ofno great vaiucjandiieth contemptibly m 


Of Potahh Lune. 57^. 

obfcurity, however there is a mighty verttic and 

fticacy in it, which appearcth, it application be 
made of it to the moil: hea^ii-fi djfealcs,(ltingits 
trium.phant and tranlcend^nt efficacy is almofi 
unknown for the generality, therefore for the 
gf od of fLich, which are inquilitive into natural 
and fupernatura] mylkrics, and to whomldif- 
ciofe thef: mylterics in this my b'ook, I will tor a 
tircwcll difcover alfo this myfcery concerning the 
Cdx vive^ and will (hew in the rirft place, how its 
fuirit is driven- from it, which work indeed rc^ 
q i.irLth an exp.rt Artift, who is well informed a- 
torehand of its preparation. ■ 

Tdkc unllakM I^imc as much as you will, beat, 
and grind it on a weil-driwd-uone, to an impal- 
pable powder, put on it fo much of fpiritof 
Win'e, as the pulverifcd Olx is able to drink, 
there mull not Hand any of that fpirit upon It, ap- 
ply a Helmet to it, lute it well, and p-it a receiver 
betore it,abttra61: the fpirit gently trom it mBal- 
neo^ this ablirading muli be iterated eight, or ten 
times : this fpirit of Wine ftrengthereth the fpi- 
rit of Calx mightily, and is made more tiery 
hot. Take the remaining Calx out of the body, 
grind it vtry {huil,put to it a tenth part of Salt of 
Tartar, which is pure, not containing any/ccc/. 

As march as this matter wcigheth together, add 
as much of the additional of Salt of Tartar there- 
unto, namely the remaining matter, trom which 
was extradted the Salt of Tartar, and it muit be 
w^ll exiccated, all this mufi be mingled together^ 
and put in a well coated Ret ort,three parts ot the 
Retort m/ult be empty, take a great Receiver, or 
body to it, very Itrongly. Note, the body into 
which the Retorts ^ok is put, muft have a Pipe 

Cc :: oi 


3?0 of Calx 'vi've. 

of a fingers breadth, unto which may be appl 
another body, and a quantity of fpirit of Wine 
in it : then give a gentle fire to it, at firft ihcie 
conies fome of the phlegme, which falls into the 
firft applied body : the phlegme being all come 
over, then increafe the fire, there cometh a white 
fpirit to the upper part of the body, like unto the 
white fpirit of Vitriol,which doth not fall among 
the phlegme, but ladcth through the pipe into 
the other body, draweth it felt into the fpirit of 
Wine, embracing the fame, as one lire doth joya 
with the other. 

Note, if the fpirit of Calx be not prepared 
firli by the fpirit of Wine, and drawn oif and. 
on, as I told, then he doth not fo, but falleth a- 
mong the phlegme where he is cjuench'd, lofeth 
all its tfHcacy. Thus difficult a matter is it, to 
fearch uatufc throughly, refer ving many things 
unto her fclf. This fpirit being fully entred in- 
to the fpirit of Wine, then take oif the body, put 
away the phlegme, but keep carctully the fpirit of 
Wiiie^ and fpirit of Calx: and note, both thcfe 
lp?rits are hardly fcparated, bccaufe they embrace 
cloftly one another : and being diitilled, they 
ConiL over joyntly. 

Tberetore take thefe mix'd and united fpirits, 
put thcmintoajar-glafs, kindle it, the fpirit of 
Wine oi.rnethaway, the fpirit of Calx flayeth in 
the gUfs, keep it carefully. This is a great ^r- 
c^-.//./7,'fevv of cth'ir fpirits go beyond its efHca- 
ry, it you know how to make good ufe of it. 
I.-'qLialicies may hardly be fet down in any way of 
:!.^ '^emcnt. 

■piiit 6:{\c]vcl\\ Oculi Can)rorpfm^ the 
yua'Is: .ti.eic chree being driven over 


Of Calx vive. 3^^ I 

together, and often iterated in that diih'IJinir, 
three drops of that h'qi or being miniftred in 
warm Wine, break, and diiTolvc any Gravel and 
Stone in mans body, expelling their very roots, 
not putting the patients to any pain. 

This (pirit of Calx at the beginning looks 
bluilh, being gently redified, looks white, trans- 
parent, and clear, leaving few feces behind. This 
fpirit diflblveth the molt hxed Jewels, and preci- 
ous Hones. On the other fide he iixeth all vola- 
tile fpiritJ with his tranfcendent heat. • 

This (pirit conquereth all manner of Podagri- 
cal Symptoms, be they never (o nodofe and tarta- 
rous, dilTolveth and expels them radically. 

To the omnipotent Trine God, Father, Son, 
and Ho^y Gholl, be returned hearty thanks for 
all his benefits, which he hath belbwed on man, 
and difcovered thofe fecrets, I wrought on in his 
name. To him be eternal praHes. Amen* 
All that hath breathy praife the Lord* Allelujah ! 

End ofthe fifth part 


Basilius Valentinus, 

H 1 S 


Conceniing tha^ 



The little World, which is 
Mans body. 

.What it doth contain^ and of what it Is 
compofed, what it doth comprehend^ 
• and its end and iiluc. 

A thir/s P^ofl necrfjary^ and meet for the 
howledgf of fucrj^thjt hve^ ^^i^^d 
embrace wifdome. 


•rinted by S. G. ScB. G. iot Edward Brr^i^ 
fier , at the Crane in Sainc ^auIs 
ji Church-jard ) 1 670, 


Basiiius Valentinus 



Concerning the 


THofe that feek Art, and have a clefirc to 
attain to wifdon^e, are to note, that the 
Higheft, upon my continued prayers 
hath granted unto me a Clergy-man, to 
make known the many and great rayileries of na- 
ture ; among which mans body is one to be con- 
fidered, how that is govern'd in imitation unto 
Microcofme* For it is meet that the leflTer fhould 
imitate the greater, and the fmalleft and meancft 
ought to be governed by the areateft and moft 

Microcofm: ^ or tlie gre:;t World containeth 
three thin^^s, as the moft principal, the rell, which 
come from thelcj are mcerly accidental. In the 


^^6 OftheM:crorofmer 

^rft place is to be confidered the matter and foriift 
of this World, which matter is made formal out 
of a nen-fhapc, or a nothing, and the gre^t Crea- 
tor prefentlyprefcribed an order for this matter, 
what government it (hould keep, as ft on as it 
came to a lire, or motion. This matter and f^')r:n 
is water tmd earth. For at the Creation, by a fe- 
paraton of the water from the earth, there was 
^niflied the matter and form, as two things be- 
longing one to another, from thefe all Animals 
and Vegetables have their begiiining, and other 
two things, as air and fire, which belong one to 
another, have wrought life therein. The mat- 
ter and form is earth, the Salt in that earth, the 
'body aijiren fo is it with mans body, which is Mi^ 
erocofmhThc matter was not perfcdt without the 
form, thcfe joyning into one, by Gods ordinance, 
the torra being become quick, came then to a per- 
fccftion : the matter and form got lite by motion, 
air was the f\i'i\ caufer of that motion, and pcrfedl 
maturity Wis caufcd by a convenient heat, move- 
ably inclofcJ in the air5thus the earth was brought 
to a fcrtiliry by the air, it was opcned,and became 
porous by mibtion for generation. The earth being 
impregnatcd,m.tdc her iced apparent by heraquc- 
fity, then air and hear in the ncather and upper 
Region of the Alirals caufed that a Birth was 
brought forth, the bloflbm.s were produced, and 
the appointed wasjc-ipened by concodlion of 

Calcidity is a Sulphureous hot fpirit.wh ich like 
a Medicament cxiccJteth the (upcrHuous grofs a- 
quofity and pnlegmatick matter, which in the ge- 
ntl-ation at the beginning aboynds too much in 
the earthjbctoic the air could have a fellow domi- 


Vf the Mlcrm(mei t S 7 

nion at the joyn-ng with it, carrying tl'ic fame 
along in the fl.peifluiry of htr birth. 

The (ccond principal part of the Microcofme is 
ict.thility-.ioi the matter in it ielf was \s«thout life> 
which by heat was Ihrr'd up, then the vital fpiric 
becanric to be fcniible,which is in man a Sulphurous 
(pirit, kindling, the body by a heat, exiccateth the 
{upcrfiuity ot the e^rth by the (ubtility ot its Tub- 
ftance, and ^overneth the body in a conftant mo- 
tion. For atter the heat is gone,then coldncfs get*; 
the dominion, the (pirit ot lite being gonc,no ien- 
libleneis tclt in the pulie and atterits, and a dead 
body is f( und ftiftead of life, at the departing of 
the warm fpirit of Sulphur 5 rational men ought 
to take this myftcry into con (ideration. 

The two firil Elements, the matter and forrn^ 
being apparent, and having gotten a mobility by 
the two hii Elements by light, the Micrccfme 
was not yet pcrted, the Creator allotted further 
an incrcaie ro the feed of the earth, as wtII as he 
did to Vegetables and Animals. God allowed 
unto earth an imagination tor all (crts of Tceds, 
and to bring them forth after their ieveral kinds- 
Then the earth was impregnated by imagination 
which God allotted, and the earth brought'thcfc 
feeds forth in Mans prefencc, the heat ciigeiled 
them to a maturity even till hitherto. 

Matter and foimof the Microcofme beiig, ex- 
tant, conliiting of earth and water ,then ti:e Crea- 
tor caulcd a Wtc into them by an inbreathed warn^ 
air,hfatingthc coid earthlyiubiiancc,givnig a htu 
unto life and motion, which was the Soul, which 
is the true Sulphur ot Man, fpiritusl, in com.prc- 
hcnlible : icnlibly fck by it^ own operation. Ah 
thisi^cin^hniih'dj then God allowed an iras^i- 


Jo 5 Of the Ml crocofmf. 

nation unto good, in the perfed underjflanding of 
Man, that by his imagination he could judge cf 
all the beafts, and impofe on each a proper name, 
and by thap imagination he learned to know his 
wife alfo, that (he had flefh and bones of his body. 
Then raan appeared perfed:, and that matter was 
made into a (hape, of a fenfible body. This form 
being made alive by the Soul, had allowed fur- 
ther a fiabtile fpirit unto imagination and know- 
ledge, wliich is an invifible, and incomprehenfi- 
ble form, like a work maftcr, who frameth all 
things in the mind, 'which hath its habitation in 
the upper Region of the Microcofine^ according 
to his volatility, anddeferveth the name of Mer- 
eitry^ or the invifible fpirit of mans body. Form 
and matter is earthly, the life fticketh in the mo- 
tion, and the knowledge of every underfianding 
unto good and bad ftandeth in the (harp {pecula- 
tion of the Microcofme-i the overplus found befi- 
des thefe three, nature cafteth off as a Cadaiey 
and is as a Monger, which by thefe three is found 
to be a fcparation, and a Caput mort* 
' If glorified Elm were prefent, and the Jftrah 
could Ipeak, and filent nature had a tongue to ex- 
prefs hereot, then I needed not to bring in any 
further evidence to perfwade the incredulous, ^ 
who confidercd not judicioully this my (aying : 
for a man poiTelTed with blindneft cannot pals 
any judgement upon my writings: but under- 
fianding judgeth impatience, and vvifdom: kpa- 
ratcth herfdf from folly by her own experience. 

This vital fpirit nounlheth, Ledeth, and pre- 

iervcth himfelf by the Oleityot mans Sulphur, 

wnich is predominant in the bio d af.d with, or 

throueh it doth work in the vvii^^ic body, tnac 

^ the 

"~^ «y/ ine micfOCo\me. Joy 

the fLbfrance may be pLrftdt. This Vital fpirit is 
Mercury, which is found in man, \ nd is prdcrv- 
ed by an Olcity of its likenels \ bcfides thefe two 
Mercury and Sulphur, there is a third thine in 
man, namely Salt, which lieth in the fi^lh, body, 
and bents. 

The Salt minfireth its nobleft fpirit for a nou- 
ri(hii)ent unto the bloud, which faltnefs is fomd 
thtiLin by the tafre,and difpcrfeth it felf through- 
out the body, preferveth mans body like a Bal- 
iome from putrcfadlion, and is as the band and 
copulation, whereby Mercury, cr the Vital fpirit 
continueth the longer with the Balfume in the 
fltfh, and dwtlleth together in one. For in the 
Salt there lieth a fpirit, which mufr prott<^ all 
other Balfomes in their worth and dignity. The 
remainder tound in. the fiefh, if thc(e three be 
taken from it, is a dead thir.g, as I told formerly^ 
and is good tor nothing, nor can it be uied for 
any thing. 

As this Union, Dominion, and Governments 
in Man, the like are in Metais, Minerals, and Ve- 
getables, which make up their pertedt t^ody, do 
live, keep, and are preferved in the like manner, 
as man is. As the en,- followeth upon the other io 
M^n, according to order in the like condition arc 
•other Animals atter their kind and property. As a 
Cow is an Animal, her food, as grais, is Vegeta- 
ble, this Vegetable by the heat ot the Cews body 
is putrihed, m that p..trtfa<5tionis made afepara- 
tion, which is the Key of all dilTolutions and fe- 
parations, fcparation being made, then j^oeth the 
lubnlc fpirit, the fubti)e Sulphur, and the fub« 
tile Salt of the Vegetable's lubitance of the graft 
into all Members of the whole body of the Cow, 
♦ * the 

390 ■ Of the Adicroccfme. • 

the fpirit ruleth the b:aft, the S«Iphur nourifhcth 
it, and the Silt p refer veth it. 

This being done, then Niture dilrributeth her 
gifts further, making a new ieparation i a^ of the 
ibperfluoufneis, which the Cow doth not alTumc 
by way of ailimilation, and niuft part with it, 
and diliributeth the fame farther, and that is 
Milk, this Milk is an Animal fubdance, tranfmu- 
tcd from the Vegetable. In this Milk is made 
another feparation by lire, which mail be kept 
gently, tor the fabti leu fpirit of the Milk to- 
gether, with the Sulphur fablimeth, is taKen olf^ 
and turned to a coagulated tatn^fs, which is But- 
ter. The relt is fcparated by other means, and 
precipitated, and thereby is made another icpa- 
ration, this is a fecond coagulation, oat of which 
men make their food : ot the overplus, is made 
another feparation by tire, not fo fat as the for- 
mer two: :a lall there remiincth an aquolity, 
and is of no great ufeiuhicls, becaufc tlie fpirit 
and its nutriment is taken from it by tat ievcral 

After this nature maketh to a further putrefa- 
dion another and grols excretion ot a Sulphure- 
ous and Salt fubllince^whicii ^ncrateth atrefn a 
living (pfrit, which is the excrement, this (ervcth 
for the -earth to be manured witiiall, niakmg the 
earth fertill by its Sulphur and Salt, as Ixmg of a 
grols and fat ii^bfunce, whereby new truics arc 
prodnced, here is another nutriture from an Ani- 
mal nito ti Vegetable. Ti)is maketh wheat, and 
other Fruits, and Grains lo grovv, producing a* 
fain a nutriment from the Vegetables unto Ani- 
mals. Thus one nature uoth foli^-^w atter the 
#thcr, by vulgar p:op':e aoc fo much compre- 


€f the Microcofme. 5 9 ^ 

comprehended, or fearch'd into, not caring *t^ 
learn Natures qualities fo mich, vvhi:h makcth 
f uch natural things feem to be incredible. 

To return again to thcftrudurcot Man,the no' 
. blefi rpirit of" life hath its dominion and feat for 
the mort part, and moft ftrongly in the heart of 
rn^ns body, as in the nobleft part : and the Sul- 
phur of man giveth unto that fpirit a nutriment, 
and fpiritual a ccc(s for its prefcryation by theair. 
For if air be taken away from man, then fpirit of 
life is choak'd up, departeth invifibly, and death is 
at hand; The noble Salt fpirit is a confervcr of 
both, its nobleft fpirit penetratcth throughout, 
the grolTeli matter of its Salt is call: into the blad- 
der, and that hath a fpirit of" a fpecial operation. 
That which goeth from the Salt through the 
bladder, is wrought upon by a heat, miniltreth a 
new accefs, or increafe, fo that this increafe of 
Salt in man is inexhauftiblc, unlefs it dye quite, 
and tht body be burned to a(hes, and the remain- 
der be extraded. As for an example j Take the 
Salts from Minerals, let thcfe grow again, coagu- 
late, and extra(^ the Salt again by water, the like 
is feen in nitrous earths alfo, and other common 
Salts, and there needs not to quote any further 

The fpirit of life hath its procefs into other 
Members, from the heart, into bones, arms, and 
the reit of the body that are Itirring v In difealcs 
andfymptomes he is weak, and man by reafon of 
fuch fymptomes, cannot perforwi his bahneis in 
that full Ibength as at other times, when he is 
in health, feedcth and cheriflieth his body- w'rtii 
Vegetable (pirits, which come from feeding 
bread, meats, and drinkini^ of wines 

D a thcr; 

3^2 of the Mtcrocofme^ 

hen his body growcth ftrowger, and his Vitol fpi- 
rit growcth potent by fach nutriments, in hisfu- 
per fluity difperfeth himrelf into all Members, and 
{heweth his operation. If the heart groweth 
flint, then is it a ilgn tkat the Vital fpirit is not 
nouri(hed, upon which there enfae fpeedily dead- 
ly difeafes , becai^fe that fire is not at liberty, and 
falls into an excindion, or choaking. 

The fire in the heart, and the natural heat is 
preferved, and fupported by the air, of that air 
the Lungs ftand mofl in need of: the Liver alfo 
muft have air, elfe it cannot laugh : the Spleen 
mufi have air, elfe it W\\\ be opprefs't,with ditch- 
ings and great pains : the true feat for the moft 
part of the air is necelTary for the Lung^, if thefe 
fall into any w^aknefs, the caufe thereof is, be- 
caufe the Salt doth not (hew its true, and meet 
help,and mafi go into rottcnncr;,cafting up blood 
and matter : then thr:re is at hand a corruption 
of the air, from whicli the Vital fpirit cannot 
find any true nourlduTienC , but mulf be ftar- 
v:d , becaufe the Sale clot!-i not cHlci: its con- 
(erving quality , the Sulphur , and the in- 
creife of the nonriiliment is obftrudted, and is 
not perfcd, whereby are caiifed Confumptions, 
withtrings of the body, confaming of the flefh, 
and exicc^ation d the blood, and of the marrow- 
The fabftance of Salt, or the Salt fpirit, which 
preferveth the body, hath its feat for the moll: 
part in the bladder, where all humidities have 
their iiTuc, the remaining grols Salt is feparated, 
and excerned by Urine, as you heard already. I 
repeat it here again for that end, becaufe the mofi 
noble fpirit, which doth prcferve man,doth copu- 
Lt:,and maketh fricnilhip with the Vital fpirit 


Of the Microcofme. ^91 

and its nutriment, which is Sulphur, and To they 
make the body perfcd, and if any informity be 
incident, either from the operation, or defedive 
quality of the Stars, or from a diforderly life in 
eating and drinking, and many other inconveni- 
ences, and any corruption be prefent, then nature 
is not in her perfect condition. Here the know* 
ing Phyiician muft enquire into the caufe, from 
which of thefe three the Symtome doth arifc, and 
cure the fame with convenient remedies, and not 
with any contrary Medicines : as heat muft be 
cured with heat, cold with cold, pricking with 
pricking : for one heat draweth the other, one 
cold draweth another, even as Iron is drawn by 
a Magnet V and fo pricking limples may cure 
ftitching difeafes, and poifonous Minerals can 
heal, and bring to right poyfonous Symptomes, 
if they be duly and well prepared. And although 
fometimes externally a cooler be fupplied, how- 
ever I {peak as a Philofopher, and one that is ex- 
perienced in nature, that like muft be cured and 
expelled fundamentally with the like, other wife 
true Medicaments are not applied, and the Phy- 
licians deal not really in their profeiiion. He 
that is not fundamentally learned herein, or doth 
hot obferve theie things, he is not a truePhyfici- 
an, neither can he really fay that he hath learned 
■ any truth in Phyfick, becanie he is not able to dif- 
cern cold and heat, dry and wet , for knowledge 
and experience, and a fundamental inquiry into 
natures myfteries make a good Phyiician next the 
-knowledge of the Creator, from whom all, and 
every wiidom doth defcend, and i^ the Author of 
the beginning, middle, and end thereof. 

ISext the invocation of the Creator, there fol- 
D d 2 low 

T ^ 4- ^/ ^^^ Mtcrocofme. 

low natural means and Medic?imcnts, as they arc 
found in thenafelves in their higheft degrees! make 
no further mention here of other AnimalsiMetafs 
and Minerals follow next; for in Gold, Silver, and 
ether Metals, even tu the feventh and laft Planet^ 
arc hid excellent things , Mercury being predo- 
minant in all, in Tome more than in others, and 
Minerals alfo are not without their vertuous Me- 
dicines, and the former fcven Planets were in th^ir 
beginning only Minerals. 

The Tindure of Sol together with the pota- 
ble Gold and Silver are of great efficacy, Mer- 
cury ruleth Microcofme : that, which is found in 
the bcft Metals, and molt precious ftones may be 
drawn alfo, if need be from Minerals. For per- 
Udi Metals are grown, or have their defcent from 
Minerals, as from Vitriol ,, Antimony, and the 
like. Vitriol is Sulphur, Antimony is Mercury, 
t'le Salt which is the copula, or binder, is found ni 
both, if thele are maderix, are like unto the belt 
M:tals, for they are generated by them : Mine- 
rals come from icyKt three principles, as well as Me- 
rals : the three principles come from their fnmj. 
materia^ called frimum Ens , which is nothing 
clfe bu: a watery iubifance found dry, is not like- 
ned to any matter which is grown, and is pre- 
fcrved by the four Elements,and theie are cherifh- 
ed, or nouridrt by Ailrals. The Creator hath 
ordained all thefcout of a nought, becaufe man 
fliould not gaie only upon earthly matters, but 
eonfider heavenly ones alio, and ought to know 
things iupernatural, that faith may over- top the 
rdf, and have the prerogative in things feen and 
\^\x. and be preiervcd therein. 


//; Med'icimlparUi &c. 3P x 

If Phyficians do not underftand thefc things 
they ought not to be held ior Phyiician?, irr the 
knowledge of God and ot Nature make a Phy- 
fician, as I told of it formcily , and not great 
prating without ttue knowledge ^ Good wait- 
ings pf expert men may conduce Ibmew^hat here- 

In britf, humane reafon in Phyficians is not 
able to comprehend Sufficiently , much Ie(s are 
they able to decide, tathom, and fully learn, what 
manner of Medicaments there may be made of 
the Microcofme^ for he containeth aperfed Medi- 
cine for all difeafes, like yjith like mull be expel- 
led and cured. Mercury of -the Micmcojjne is a 
living, ineomprchcnfible, ai]d volatile fpirit, as I 
have told. 

Mans Balfam drieth up a Dropfie, end the cla- 
riiied Salt of it cureth Confumptions •» in Epilep- 
tick fits it doth excellent well, and being prepa- 
red into a fragrant fpirit, all corrofivenefs being 
taken from it, is nothing inferior unto aunim po- 
tabile-, to preferve mans health s it is very excel- 
lent for curing Leprotic : Palling by fuch difeafes, 
which are of a lower nature and degree,it breakith 
the Itone in the bladder ,8c cureth all Salt Rheums, 
if the Artiftpreparetii it well, and knowcth how 
to make ufc of it afterward. 

Thus I clofe with the MicvKofmc^ contained iii 
few lines, much more could be fpoken of this 
matter, or form, mobility and imagination, how 
they were brought unto perfcdion. For if thefe 
ftand together in a true middle, will make up a 
r^eet Harmony '-> for without the matter, or 
torm ot the body, without the moving of the 
powers, and defed of perfed thoughts Orpheus 

Dd 3 will 

5^6 Of thf P!)fler) of the Microcofme, 
will not pleafe die T>olfhin with any harmoneous 
melody : as it is with man, fo it is with Metals : 
Mercury is th^ mobile in Gold, if the body be ana- 
tomized : Sulphur is hot, being driven from a 
Mineral and fixed, drieththephlegmatickLw/?^, 
warmeth her^maketh her Soul equal unto himfclf. 
In the matter and form there lieth a Salt, which 
affords the coagulation of the body : the remain- 
der in the Gold put away, for reparation will af- 
ford a further revelation. 

Vegetables alfo fhew the form of their three 
principles, the vifible matter containcth the Vege- 
table Salt, which is its confervative, the fragrancy 
of the Vegetable is the Balfam, which minifters a 
nourifliment unto its pcrfedt growth, the odour, 
or fmell of any Herb is of a volatile quality, and 
fpiritual, and the fpirit for the moft part (heweth 
it felf in the frangrancy, and penetrateth the Bal- 
fam, and its odour, be it pleafant, or not, is the 
cifence, whereby men in their fenfes learn the con- 
dition and properties of Vegetables. For other 
things I have written, I praiTe the Lord, which 
dwellcth on high. Thus clofing I wifh to every 
one the ^race and bleliing of God the Creator of 
afl Creatures, that they may be blelled, wife, and 
richjboth in this temporal and corruptiblcWorld, 
ana \\\ the other World attain to an eternal hJiiTe. 


its Medicinal parts > &c, 397 

Of the Myftery of the Microcofme, iu Medicinal 
-^arts belonging unto Man-, 
nrittcn by 


TO make ufe of the heavenly Revelation, a- 
bout two Luminaries, and of the myft-ries 
of the whole Medicine, which licth in that mar- 
vellous inftrument of the Microcofmc^ within and 
without, that is, in the body, and without, as or- 
dinary Wounds, Sores, Ulcers, that have their 
caufe from within, have their defcent from one 
root, however, mull be ftvcrally prepared and 
drcfs't. For that within is not like to that which 
is without, in refped of their operation , but in 
refped of their form and matter they are under 
one judgement. And that I may rightly inform 
my fellow Chrifiian, I mufl needs acknowledge 
and confefs, that there are two Medicines, which 
heal all difeafes and fymptomes, be they whatfo- 
ever, and are made of one, the one is called PHA- 
L ALA, and is for inward ufe, the other is called 
ASA, is for external cures -, both may be called to 
be only OnCvthey differ only in their preparations 
how both muftbe brought to their operative qua- 
lity, the way unto it is (hewed in my M^ymuls* 
For they muft firll be rightly known, and their 
nature muli be fearched into. Their matter is 
One, which by that expreilion I purpofely hold it 
forth, leall it (hould be made to© common, 1 atter 
the manner of Ancient Phllofop hers before me, 
hiding fecrets under dark fentences,hoping by the 
prayers of others to haVe theiy Souls laved, and 
Dd 4. received 

5 ?8 Of the m^^eYj of the MicYoco^rKe^ 
received into that Garden, in wli^f h our firft Pa- 
rents were created. 

Note, both Medicines are made of one matter, 
as I have already informed you. If ufed inward- 
ly, it tikes away all manner of inhrmities : the 
matter is putriiicd, (eparated, and in a (pagyrick 
way pnrgcd in the bell manner, and brought to a 
Medicine of the highcft degree, by hxing its own 
nature, which mutt be brought to pafs in the tire. 
Its former poyfonous volatile quality mull: be re- 
Ctifted, by being prepared to an everlafting fixed- 
iicfs, which expells, purges, and re<f^ihes all ma- 
lignant fpirits, that a good nature may live quiet- 
ly in a pure habitation. For this prepareth Me- 
dicine, keepeth that courfe, wherever it needeth 
with ary malignity, it will be revenged on it, and 
Itirvcth to expell it, and will folely keep polTeffion 
there : for {hecunnot endure any contrary things 
about her, v/hich are dchled with the leaft impu- 

PHALATA is the Univerfal Medicine to be ufed 
i iwardly, atd ASA is the Univerfal remedy for 
outward i.fcs : it purihcth mans blood, takcth 
away all impurity, firengthncth the brain, 
heart, ftomack, and all other parts, caufcth good 
b!ocd, Ihen^thncth the m.emory , rcpaireth the 
c'c reds, which are bcfall'n the three principles, rc- 
ftorcth all loli ihings : it is the very Key, where- 
by the body is opened : for it cliaieth away Le- 
protie, Droplie, Conlumiptions, Gout, and all o- 
ihcr dileaits generally : tor no finful Creature is 
fall'n fo totally, but (he may have a comfort unto 
falvaiion in a Ipiritual way, and a Medicine 
unto health, apponited thereunto by the Crea- 
te, r, which is had if Nature be anaicmiztd 


its Medicinal parts ^ !zc. ^g9 

by an expert Artift , to be prepared tor that 

Hcrelfpeak of fuch difcafcs, which by feme 
are called incurable : for ordinary difeaft^ there 
are ordinary' means, which here are not mention- 
ed, the ufes of them are mentioned in a fpccial 

But of my PHALAIA I fay thus much, ac- 
cording to my long experience, that nothing can 
conceal, or hide it Icif trom her, being a penetrat- 
ing fearcher into all infirmities, (he pentrat- 
cth the body fpiritually iik'e a fume, penetratcth 
the Arteries, Mufcles, and all the parts of the bo- 
dy like a Balfam, reftoreth Itrength which was loft 
by her Salt fpirit. Further, I cannot i'peak in the 
praifing of my PHALAIA, (he being a praife to 
liich that make ufeof her- He that getterh this 
PHALAIA rightly, to him is (he fufficient for to 
cure all difeafes. No tongue is able to exprcfs, 
and fet forth fully her vertues. 

As difeaCes do diHer, which are incident unt© 
the body, fo there aje means for their cure : but 
thisMedicine cureth all diiealesin general,being ot 
an heavenly fidereal quality, de(cended from the 
Elements, and generated by the three principles, 
coming trom the very heart of its Center ot the 
whole circumference of the Globe pertormeth all, 
affording to the Microcofme a pcrted Medicine 
found fo really, according as the name' imports 
ker vertuc, but if rightly made and prepared, the 
ufe of it will prove it fufficiently. 


4 o o Of the m)ft f y) of the Mlcrocofme^ 
ASA is found in the operation , for external 

Symptoms, as old Ulcers, Fiftuhes, Cancers, which 
made many Chirurgions doubt whether ever they 
may be cured i but this ASA hath made the cure : 
it condimetb all bad blood, which was fallen into 
corruption, and may be inwardly ufcd, bec'aufe 
it will then cxiccate, and dry up the fountains, 
from whence fprinc; all manner of Sores, Fiftu- 
laes. Cancers, Wc^lves, noil me tangerc^ running 
Legs Worms, and the like, be it on what part of 
the body, where Plaiftcrs, PultefTes, and the like 
cannot I e'p^ ^^"^^^ ^^^ ^^ot ftrong enough, this alone 
will do it. For f re(h wounds, be they made by ftob- 
bing,cuting,lla(hing,it needs not to be adminiftrcd^ 
being tootfrong for Rich wounds.gentler meansare 
fitter for them > Balfams, Oyls, Plaifteis, may heal 
therc,eithcr outwardly,or inwardly ^Powders and 
Potions m:iy be prepared. Symptomes in wounds, 
having their caufcs from within, muil be cured by 
fc^Tchm? into them, and the means for their cure 
jTiufl be prepared of that Itrength, that they m: y 
reach home. As in this matter, tilings muft be 
united, and be takai from the generation of 
ABIHAIL, being joyned in their prmciples of the 
firft eifence, by nature's means, its brought to the 
highefr perfedli on, whereby fuch SoFes,Ulcers,d-c. 
ere findamcntally cured. For ordinary wounds 
there h no need of it, if no Symptomes are at 
hand, and the party endangered, a Balfim only 
will perform the deed, mollifymg theilefli, and 
nature will furthcr> and promote the cure. 

Be thankful next God to me, that hath taught 
you inward and outward Medicines, and arc inch, 
which others bJore me have concealed, they can 
cure fundamaually any Symptomes, be they with- 

its Medicinal parts ^ &c. 40I 

I' in, or without on the body, fuch vcrtues are not 

found in Out-landiih woods, drugs, or herbs: 

Forraigners have their proper cJjnutcs, under 

which they have convenient Phyfical Vegetables: 

I ,our climate affords i.nto us proper Medicinal Ve- 

i getables, Animals, and Minerals for ourconllitu- 

tion h only Dodlors are not expert to make their 

Med cinal preparation out of them, I hold with 

my Phyfick PHALAIA and ASA of one name In 

- their defcent, whereby nature hatFi made me to 

be a Pbyfician ', it kecpeth good t o the lair, pre- 

; ferveth man in health and lirength the time'th^ 

Creator hath appointed for him : vertiie it li:ith 

(liew. d triLunphantly in n a ly par des, obtain:! v 

vidory.gainll all its enemies, and it was app,,. 

rent to the world,th3t thcfe two Medicines i'HA- 

LAIA and ASA of one kind, and of one ir.attcr 

made and prepared: and it is found daily, that 

in the generality they can let ^dl into a perfcxfr 

degree, as being defcended fro'iii the Center, c.n 

preferve the Center as the Root, and can bring 

things to right within and without, rending to 

that end, for which it is prepared. 

Thus I wifh the Reader, to whom I faithtully 
intimated the Manuals of it, profperity and fuc- 
cefs in the preparation of it, that it may be unto 
his health i the work will praife the Maitcf, upon 
my Oath I further inform you thus, that four 
things ar<: required to make a perfed Philofcpl er, 
and true Phylkian. 

^ Firfr, he mufl: be importunate and fervent in 
his devotion to God, as the highcft heavenly Pby- 
fician, to ask of him grace, wifdom, underitand- 
jng, and his bleffing upon his undertakings, that 
It may appear unto the world, that God grants 

40 i Of the 9^)jl(^y of the Microcofme^ 
things for the good of men , that he may be 
prdikd and magniiied for (iich benefits : and is to 
fiievv himfclf i» his life and converfation godly 

Secondly, a Phyfician ought to know the di- 
feafts, and to diflinguifti the one from the other, 
and what proper remedies he is to ufe againft 
thcfe difcafes : for without the knowledge of di- 
(cafes a Phyhcian is not perfed : mans complexi- 
on mart be difcerncd , the caiife of the difeaic 
fearch'd into, and the means well confidered, that 
no, contraries be applied, whereby further troubles 
are caufed : proper remedies fitting the difeafc 
mull be appliedjthat reftitution be made unto for- 
mer health. 

Thirdly, it is rcquifite, that he read frequent- 
iV the writings ot ancient Philofophers, and read 
ti.ein over and over, and take notice in what 
they do concurr and agree, and where they aim 
all at one mark, then he that hath undcrilanding 
will difcern the good from the bad, Sophilhy 
from truth : the ancients knew many good 
things, for mine own part I muil: conte,(s, that 
I borrowed the fundation of my knowledge 
from them, which made me to lay it to heart, 
and am theieby moved to leave for others alfo a 
corner-ftone, that truth may further be confirm- 
ed, and the grounds of it made cafier, clearer, 
plaincr,and more manjfeli by a further knowledge 
of my writing. 

Fourthly, a Philofophcrmuft learn to Anato- 
mize things in Nature, to know what they con- 
tain within and without, to feparate the poyfon 
from the Medicinal quality. Hereunto belong 
ieveral Manuals, how to diilolvc, feparate, exalt ^ 


its Midicinal parts^ &c. 4^3 

and prepare fuIJy Metals, Minerals, Vcgetabl'.^s, 
and Animals. He that hath learned all theft, he 
may difco^rfe wifely of things , conhrm their 
grounds in truth ^ but others, which arc alham- 
ed to work herein, cannot glory m any truth ; 
bccaufe by the receipts found in other mens writ- 
ings, are thefe men led, and made a trade of 
other mens writings, not endeavouring to learn 
more in their own experience : I am not alham- 
cd to learn daily, becaufc-Nature is round and 
endlefs, cannot be comprehended fully, by rca- 
fon of the (liortnefs of mans life, and none can 
fay that there is nothing left more for him. to 
learn. No fuch matter. Thus you fee, that 
Gods blelling mud be obtained by fervent and 
frequent praying unto God , the caules of di- 
feafcs muft be known , tiieir cure mult be or- 
dered according to the diredfion of Pnilof-^phick 
writings, adjoyning an c-Jtpv.irinncntal knowledge 
thereunto. He that doth, and kuoweth thefe 
four things may glory in his ways, couhrming 
things in deeds, and not to exercife a trade upon 
other mens receipts. My Medicaments, if well 
prepared and duely ufcd, will by Gods help make 
known, that they received their lirength from 
God, the maruellous Creatour to perform theic 
things, which ignorants, and men of little faith 
cannot comprehend ; by daily experience iaith 
getteth frrength, that man may praile the high- 
leit, who hath put fuch vercues into natural things, 
for the which mortals are not able to return fufli- 
cient thanks. As m^uch as lieth in my power I 
will praife the Lord day and night, and is not 
polfiblc to require him in any other way. At. the 
cloi-'ng oblerve thus much , m Sd^ool long 


-tp -1- O/' th'' m , Hrrj of the Mtcrocofme^ 
c^fcourfcs are made of the three principles of 
ail tilings, of the matter of heaven, what it is 
nude of, and on what the earth doth reft, how 
the Elements were made , and of the begin- 
ning of the Firmament, and of (everal opinions 
they are about the original caufes ot Metals, Mi- 
nvra]s,Vegctabks,of their qualities and properties, 
of the or'ginal of man, and of otfi^r Animals, 
fearcliing m their conceits into their lives, vertues, 
d'^' my Son hearken unto me, and take notice 
ofwhatlfiy: all their pret nded fayings are a 
mecr nothing, they fpeak ignorantly without any 
ecrtaintyibecaule theyhave no experimental know- 
ledge, having laid no foundation, nor have they 
learned any true decifion in their demonftration : 
Thoughts p-iy no Ciftom, or Toll, they fly into 
heaven, di icend to the neathermoft parts of the 
eirth, if experience and their thought c[o not 
concLirr, then th^ir thoi^ghts are tound a meer 
Ooinion, then th:y niidt conRfs,! did not think 
ic could be f) ! Man.*^ chor.i^'.hts are Htly compared 
vyitii a dr-jam, becaufe norliing follovvs upon an 
imagi,LL.ti()ii •-, N-iturcs fccrcts mull: be ftudied ex- 
peri ivicntally. If Artilb, or Mechanicks would 
imjj^itiO to work fuch , or -U'ch things, be it 
Watches, or ocher curious Metalline works, but 
doth not invent iic inftrumcnts, whereby to make 
that work they hive in their fancy, what can 
they produce by that imagination > An empty 
opinion, and no Art. So in the knowledge cJ 
Natural things, their fecrets require a greater ex- 
adncis to be learchcd into, which to lazy unex- 
pert men item lirange and impollible. 1 1 -11 you 
th'jrc is rcqtdred an exad: diligence to hud that, 
which lieth hid m them, it muit be done by (upi^ • 

zts Medictnd parts ^ &C. 4^5 

iation. Nature muft be anatomiied, good and bad 
in it muft be difccrned, what is contained in each 
in its Center, for the general, and what cometh 
from it in particular. 

Th erefore the Macrocofme and Microcnfmc^ yea, 
the things which grow and are found therein," are 
compared to a round Circle, in who(e middle 
there is a Center, let the Circle be turned which 
way it will, it keepeth round every way, and its 
Center ftayeth unremovcd. A Philofopher alfo 
muft know rightly the Center of each matter, 
which muft ftand unremoved in every fubftance, 
but the fubftance may be turned any way he plcaf- 
eth, and make of it feveral forms, according as it 
received its power from above. I fpeak no'A to 
be taken notice of thus : I take in hand any na- 
tural thing, diffolve, or open it by a Key, which 
is the means of the unfolding, and fcarch therein 
by a fire's proof, which is the maftjr of all 
proofs, what may be made of it : Here I find 
as many w^onders and qualities, which I never 
thought of, much le(s had I experience of. 

Of natural things are made Po^'dcrs, Ovk, 
Water, Salt, Volatile Spirits, and fumes : In 
theic preparations are beheld woadcrs upon won- 
der?, witnefs the diftillations, digefiions, and pu- 
trefac^ions- There are found and feen n a ly (pi- 
ritual and corporeal colours, which appear black, 
gray, white, blew, green, yellow, red, »a7ure co- 
lour, with a reflexion of all manner of infpvinck- 
led colours, which cannot well be defcribed, and 
unexpert men hardly believe it. Froin thcfe pre- 
parations are fevered qualities felt, the one is cor- 
rofive and (harp, the other is plea fan t and mild^ 
the cne is fovvre, the other is fwcct, accordinj^; a«» 

• thcv^ 

4 "- ^ Of the mjiler) of the Microcofme^ 
they are prepared, fo they yield good and hdi^.^ 
poyfon or Phyfick : tor a good thing can be made 
the vvorlt poyfon, and the vvorlt poyfon can be 
turned into the beft Medicine : which is not fo 
great a marvel, bccaule all lieth in the preparari- 
on of things : though every one cannot conceive 
of It, yet it is fo, and will he a truth for ever, be- 
caufc nature hath manifeftcd her felf thus by ex- 

A blind man cannot tell how the inward part5 
of mans body arc conditioned , but the feeing 
Phyfician, who anatomi7cth the body , he can 
judge of the /ituation of rhe Heart, Brain, Liver, 
I Aings,Reins, Bladder, of the Entrals, and of all the 
Veins, and knoweth in whit form and condition 
they are. But before he hath made this anatomy, 
all thefe were hid from him, a Miner which leek- 
eth tor Oars, he doth not kiiow what riches he 
may expedf from Morals, unlcfs he open the Oar, 
and fo hue it ; what he tindeth in it by tire, then 
he may know really in his calculation, what rich- 
es he may exped: from it. So other things muft 
be proceeded in, which true Naturalilh will en- 
deavour to do , and not prate of things only 
withour experimental knowledge, difputingof with the blind man ^ learn to know the 
ground with your own eyes and hands, which 
Nature hidcth v/ithin her, then you may ipeak 
wifely of them vvith gocd reafon, and you may 
build upon an invincible Rock, if you ^o not 
fo, then you are but a Phantaftick pratei", whole 
diicourfe is grounded on land "without experi- 
ence, and \% toon ilukeu by every wind, and ru- 
ined in the end. Tae groLuid ot this knowledge 
rnuii^ be learned as you heard, by anatomizing . 


its Medicinal fdrtSy?)i.c. 4^7 

I 'and feparatingof things, which by difllllation ^^ 
^-^ade known : where every Element is(eparat:d 
apart, there it will be made known what iscolJi 
I or moift, warm, or dry. There you learn to 
' know the three principles, how the fpirit is fcpa- 
\ rated from the body, and how thcOylis fepa- 
rated from the water, and how the Silt is drawn 
from the Caput mort of each matter, and is re- 
duced again into a fpirit, aud how thefe three arc 
afterward joyn'd again, and by hre are brought 
into onel)ody. Further is here learn'd, howcach 
after its feparation, and afterward in a conjua- 
dtion may profitably and fafely be ufed for their 
feveral ufes they are prepared for : all which murt 
be done by a meditm* At the tirft Creation man 
is earthly and grofs, but his Soul, Spirit, and Bo- 
dy, being feparated'by death, putrifieth under 
ground, and when the Higheft cometh to judge- 
ment, he is raifed again, his Body, Soul, and Spi- 
rit cometh together ,according to Faith and Scrip- 
ti^re y that body is no more earthly, as it was JFor- 
fnerly, but is found heavenly and clari^ed, glit- 
tering as the Stars in the Eaft, and like the Sun is 
fecn, when all the Clouds are paft. So it is here^ 
when earthineis is broken, divided, and feparated, 
then the three jirinciples of the dead fubftance are 
made apparent, the dead one is forfaken, the liv- 
ing power comes to her perfedion, bscaufeher 
obftrudion is laid afide> that the vertue in the 
operation maybe manifeft^jd j In this Reparation 
and manifeftation is then known what thefc three 
principleFire, which are fo much difcourfed of, 
namely Mercury, Sulphur, and Salt, according to 
the condition of the fubjed. He that doth not 
think it to be true, let him go to the end of the 

Ec World, 

4oS Of the w)fierj of the Ajicnafme, 
World, where he (hall Rcl jill.what in his dumb 
capacity he could. not coaiprchcnd : It" anyone 
{hould intend to teach iv.z any other with a pro- 
lixity of words, he may nil me with words, but 
he muft prove it really alfo, for without that I 
am not bound to belJeve his words, but dcfire 
fome fign, cis7boma< one of the Tv.xlve, who 
look'd for an Ocular deniorillration : I mi^'.ht 
have left out 'Tb-mj^^ biit being there is a Chdj be- 
tween a fpiritual and wt.rldly unbeliever, I -gave 
liberty to my mind tc fpcak it, for there is a 
j^reat, difference in heavenly and worldly matters, 
touching faith and things comprehenfible, and 
there is that difference iound al(b in fidertal and 
earthly things : for fidvrrcal things arc contjpre- 
"hended by fnarp imiagination, and Arithnictick 
rules, but to the Hnding out of earthly things 
there belongethfpeculationand feparation : vfith 
fpcculation muft be joyncd an intention, and an 
apprehenfion is annexed to fpeculation, the for- 
mer is done (piritually, becaufc the fpirit of man 
doth not reft, dcfireth to apprehend more ({uali-? 
ties of the fpirit in things natural ; every fpirit 
ilill draweth its like : the refl is earthy : i'ox an 
earthy body fep4rateth by manuals the earthly bo- 
dy from the fpiritual part,, and fo" the one may 
be difcerned before and from the other. W'herea,s 
the foul in both fhew^eth her lc1f really, there- 
fore is fhe in all really, for (he tieth the" heavenly' 
and earthy togeUier. like a bond,' but when fhe 
heavenly is feparatcd from, the earthy, that die 
foul alio muft' forfake her body, then you have 
feparated and received the three as apart, which 
afrer a true knowIec!gc and conjunction can afford 
i'uch a triuniphing and claritied body which is 

■ found 

ioitw>^ in a better de^re^ f£ many thoufaiid time 
lecaufe the grofleft is'laid afide frotn the earthy. 

tor when heaven and earth come ^ be ic' 
ine'l by the great Crcatrur, then tke'greateil 
p2rs will b; coukimed by hre, and by^that purg- 
ing it will he exalted to the iamedegtee with^the 
leavcnly, 'ud ki: into the Time line, for each all 
Is creat':d L y on-^s each all is ordained by one, and 
fnoiigh through iin by one man all was corrupted 
;.nto death, yet all is by one brought to a better 
^tate ot" lite: and the onlyCreatour intends to 
iudgc all by tire, and all mult again become one, 
ivhich will be that heavenly effence, to which the 
rarthly gave way by means cf "the Hretthc eternal 
.^'lory leavhig a room to^ devil and death, from 
whwicc they Ihall look On the eled, admiring the 
^•reat Majeily and glory of God, which in a di- 
vine eifcncc cf three diitinCl perfons is all in all: 
and hath created all. 

Thus the three peiions in the deity have held 
forth in us three inviiible eifence , giving thereby"' 
:o underAand by an infearchable wifdom, v/haC 
:hcir creature and order is : we men are too weak 
:0 come higher ^ God is and v^'ill be God, and 
^c men mart be content with liich gifts afforded 
mto us : hereafter fnall be accomplifhed that 
pvhich IS propheiicd of by Prophets and Apofdes^ 
md now are conceived of only by way ot taith, 
.hgrefore we ought now to be contented, what by 
>^ature is intimated in a viilble vray : other things 
ncomprehenllble unto us, and matters of faith, 
ViJl appear better to be underiloodat the end of 
he world,God grant unto us alia true knowledge 
)f temporal goods and of the eternal. 

At the doling of this I fay, that this is th'? 

Ec 2 wh©Is 

41 o Of the m)^erj of the Mlcrocafmt-i 
whole Att and whole foundation of alf'thePhrl 
lofbphick fpcech in which is that fought, which 
many defire , taking ^reat pains, and making 
great expences, nainely to get wifdom and judg- 
ment, a long life, health and riches of this vvoild 
comprehended in few words '•> a> for example. 
Firft you mull know, that I will fhew unto you 
fuch an example of the Animals, which in the 
appearance is a mean and poor one, hut of a 
mignty confequtnce, if rightly conhdered. The 
Heii layeth an cgg,the Ome egg is by heat brought 
toa hardiicfs or coaguiation i by a further heat it 
is brought to a putrefadion, where it is corrup- 
ted : in this putrefadtion the egg recciveth a 
new Gcy^us^ wherein is raifed a new life, and a 
Chicken is hatch \I, This Chicken being ptrfcdf , 
the fhc]] opencth making way for the Chicken 
to creep forth, this Chicken comir.g to a further 
riptnefs and agc\ increafeth farther m hcr..kind. 
Thus Nature turthertth her own kind, ■ and aug- 
menteth VJcj^e ad infinitum^ True, the egg is not 
prima m.itcria of the Cock or Hen \ but the prima 
mncria of their flefh is the hrrt feed, out of which. 
the egg is gone into a form, which by the equal 
nature of the nxition oi both is driven together 
and united, from fl.ence by a further heat it went 
to a putre faction, trom thence into a new birth, 
which new birth ftill propagateth and increafeth. 

So it is with man,- tor one man alone cannpt 
produce a new birth, unlcls both feeds of male 
and female be united, for after this conjunction 
thjough Nutriment of the body, and continued 
natural heat of thefe two feeds , which in the . 
Center are known for one Nature, get a new lifc> 
and more men are begotten, which propagate fur- 

its Medicinal f}a'Hs^'&zc. 4 H 

ther by their feed, by this gieans the whole world 
is hlPd with ^neii. This Iced of man is the no* 
bkft fubtikft blood of a white quality, in which 
dwelleth the vital Spirit, which is driven toge- 
ther by motion. If thefe feed? of both kinds by 
their defire of lull are together united, and their 
Natures be not corrupted, or elfc are contrary one 
to another, then there is preferved a life by a heat, 
alid brought t@ peifcdion in the mothers womb, 
and another man is brought forth, Thus much be 
fpoken of the feed of Animals. 

The vegetable iled is made palpable and vifibic 
which from each kind of herb is fcparated and 
propagated in the «arth for an increafe, which 

■ feed muit hrft putrifie in the earth, and then muft 
be nourilhcd by a temperate moifture, at lafl this 
feed by a convenient warm air is brought to a per- 
fection , thus Vegetable- arc incrcaicd , and in 
their kind preferved : but the firll beginning of 
a vtrgctable iced is a fpiritual ellcnce or aftral in- 
fluence, whereby in the earth was gotten an im- 
agination, and became impregnated with a mat- 
ter, out of which by the help of the Elements it 
came to be fomethmg : what form of feed the 
earth was deiirous ot after the heavenly imprelli- 

. on, that form it received iirft, and brought it to a 
kind, which bringeth a further increaie by its pal- 
pable feed in the generation, hereby man may try 
his further skill : but he is not able to create a 
new feed , as Nature doth by an influence from a- 
bovc only he is able to increafe a formed feed. 

Of Metals and Minerals I inform you this,that 
there is one only Almighty Being, which is from 

. eternity, and abide h ufito eternity, which is the 
Creator of heaven and earth, nan^cK' the eternal 


4 ^^ Of the mjfitrji of the Mlcroccfmey 
Deity in three diflindl.perfoiiN which three in 
the Deity are a perfed .divine Being : and thomjh 
Iconfefsand acknowledge tliefe three perfons, yet 
Iconfefs only one God in one Being. This I do 
riow fpeak as-a Type of the hrft {:tcd of the three 
principles, that the firft beginning, to beget Me- 
talline feeds is wrought in the earth by a liderial 
imprelfion, which quality prefTcfh trom above 
into the neather a5 in the belly of the earth, and 
worketh continuaHy a heat therein, witli tl'ie help 
ot the Elements , for both muft be together : the 
earthy aifords an imagination, that the earth is 
fitted for conception and is impregnated, the Ele- 
ments nourifh and feed this fruit, brin? it on by a 
continued hot quality unto perfc<ftion,'^thc earthy 
lliblhnce aifords a form thereunto \ thus at the 
beginning the Metalline and Mineral feed is et- 
^t&.^d namely by an aftral imagination, Elemen- 
tal operation, and terrcirrial form : the aftral is 
Ilea venly,- the Elementary is fpirirual, and the ear- 
thy \s corporeal, thefc three make of their firft 
Center the hrit eflence of the Metalline feed , 
which Philofophcrs have further fear*h'd into, 
that out of this effence there is become a form ot 
a Metalline matter, palpably joyned together of 
three, of a Metalline Sulphur heavenly, a Metal- 
^ line Mercury fpiritual, and a Metalline Salt bo- 
dily, which three are found at the opening of 
Metals : for Metals and Minerals muft be broken 
and opened : Minerals are of the fame fangui- 
«ity, of the fame quality and nature, as Metals 
are, only they are not fufficiently ripened unto co- 
agulation, and may be acknowledged for unripe 
Metals, for the fpirit inthctnisfound asmighry 
Metalline as it is in the'perfecfteft Mttals* For 


its Medicinal yaru^ &c. 4^5 

Metals may be deftroyed and eafily reduced unto 
Minerals, and of Minerals are prepared Medica- 
nicnts, which ripen and tranfmute Metals, which 
vnwiX be noted : and it is done, wheu Spirit, Soul, 
and Body are feparated and puicly re-united. The 
remaining terreftrity being put off, then iollow- 
eth a pcrted: birth, and the perfed ripening by 
heat performs her office, that Spint,-Soul, and 
Body at the beginning m their tirft feed have been 
a heavenly water, which begot thcfc three, out 
of which three is become a Metalline Sulphur, a 
Metalline Mercury, and a Metalline Salt, theie 
in their conjunction made a fix, vifible, palpable 
body i hrft began a Mineral one, then a Metalline 
by an aftral imagination, digelkd and ripened by 
the Elements, and an earthly fubftance arc made 
formal and material. 

Now when thefe bodies of Minerals and Me- 
tals are reduced to their firfl beginning, then the 
heavenly feed doth appear and is fpiritual, which 
(piritual muft become an earthy one by the copu- 
lation of the Soul, which is the medium and mid- 
dle bond of their Union to make a Medicine out 
of it, whereby is obtained health, long life, wif- 
dome, riches in this mortal life : this is the true 
fpermc ot Pailofophers, long fought after, but 
not known. : whofe light was defired of many to 
be feen, a»d is even the firfl matter, which lieth 
open before the eyes -of all the world, few men 
know, it is found vifibjy in all places,NamelyMer- 
cury, Sulphur, and Salt, and a Mineral water or 
Metalline liquor, as the Center, feparated from its 
form,and made by thefe three principles. 

The Heavenly Phylician, the eternal Crcatour 
and inexhauiliblc fountain of Grace, and the Fa- 

4^4 ^/ ^^^^ M)flfr) of the MicYocofmf^ 
ther of all wifclome, Father Son and Holy Gh^ft 
inpae Deity, teach us to know really in a due 
gratcflilnefs his vvonderous works, and make us 
coheirs of his everlafting goods, that we after a 
temporal revelation may in -a true light feck for 
heavenly treafures, and may poflefs them eternal- 
ly with all the clcdls, v/here there is unfpeakablc 
glory without end , which is attained unto by 
faith in our Saviour by bringing forth ^ood fruits, 
by loving of our neighbours, and helping the 
the needy, which muft be made evident with an 
unblameable life , and due obedience to God. 

'{.d bsusq:i bn . 

T I N I 6^ 



Of the rno(\ Eminent and Incomparable 


Basil Valentine, 
Frier of the Order of the BenediSls, 


whereof dcclareth his Manual Ope- 
rations, how he hath made and prepared 
his fecret Medicines ; the Stone lanis 
out of Aniimony, and laft of all the Phi- 
lofophcrs Sronc. 


Difcovcreth things LNfatunI andSupernatural* 
as alfo the firft Tindure, Rcot, and Spirit 

of Metals and Minerals-, how they are con- 
ceived, ripened, brought forth- changed, and 

Printed heretofore in the Gcr/z.^^ Language, and 
now for the good and benefit of the Englifl} 
Nation, Tranllated into EngliJI:. 


'Printed by S, G. and B^G.^ox Edirard Breri^^ny 

and are to be fold at the fign of the Crane 

in Su Ps'ds Church-yayclj T670. 


E P [ S T L F 

r o r H E 

11 E A D E R 

Courteous Readcrj 

\fOii have here two excellent 
Jreatifes of that incompara- 
hly experienced Philofopher Bi- 
fil Valentine : 7 he Jirji where- 
of viz. his Manual Operations^ is 
jne of the moji prjpcuom and 
':leareji of alt his Book^^ which 
?ver he left behind^ or were pub- 
^'iped: If yon do rightly prepare 
Ff 2. tlofe 

tbofe (SXd edicineSj and admim- ^ 
fiertbemtothe Patient, youmlli 
findthat I ha've communicated to 
you a freeway JeweL (tAnd 
moreover:, that ym ml^ht not 
wanttheje Noble Medicines^ in 
cafe you jhouldrp ant either sh^U J 
or time^ and leafure to frefare 
them. I am refohed with the af- 
Ji fiance of Almighty God, to f re- 
fare alwayf Jomeof the Magi- 
fiery of Antimony of our Thilo- 
fofher^ t^hicb he teacheth you to 
mah^e out of Mercury and Anti- 
mony , and hath been found by 
me and many others a moH excel- 
lent Medicine in many defperate 
di^emperSy and do intend to leave 
it mth the Stationer, Mafler 


to the Reader. 
Edward Brewfter, attbeCranc 
in Pauls Church-yard, that bath 
been at the charges of the Prints 
ing of this Bool^ ; fo that yon 
may hoMe it there, tpbenjoeteTf yon 
ba^e Gccafion for itj and atfo rea- 
finable a frice, as you your felf 
will hardly be able to fre^are it 
at a cheaper rate. But yon are to 
kjiow , that I have exalted this 
Medicine i and prepared it much 
better than our Philofofher, be- 
caufe Iharoe fermented the fame 
mth a Volatile Effence of Gold, 
and then fixedthem together, fo 
that Ido account this Magifteri- 
um Antimonio-Solare w^^^- 
fer'vedly be efleemed a Panacasa. 
But hecaufe the Stone doth re- 


quire a Medicine of another na- 
ture, I have added our Philofo- 
fhersMedicine againfl the Stone j 
which you may have li{en?ife at 
the afirefaidStJtioners-Jhop. Ne- 
vertbeleff I have .added jome 
things rphich in my fraBice I 
have found to he extraordinary 
good againfl tbs Stone, to the 
things iphich our Phdofipher 
mahif ^fiof And having thtts 
exilted this Medicine, I do not 
doubt hut you mil confe/fe, after 
youhaveufedit, that you never 
hafe found a more p)Perful Me- 
dicine againji the Stone. zAnd 
hecaufe you iPant many a time a 
very gooi Purge, n>hich yet our 
miofjpber hath nn in this Boo\ 


to the R eader. 
f bis, 1 hay e li\in>ije provided 
)r you a gentle , ytt excellent 
^urge, made out of the abate/aid 
/lagiftcrium Antimonio-vO' 
ire, ofivbicb 1 am Jme^ and yon 
nil find it by experience, that it 
urgetb the body very gently of 
U noxious humors, of what qua- 
ty foc^er they mayhe^ fo that it 
lay rightly he called a'PurgAUS 
Inivtrfak. And thus Ihofethefe 
nee Medicines will ferve you, 
~not ahfolntely fir all difiempr s, 
t for the greateft fart oftbem, 

well in Chyrurgia as Medici- 
r,andyou mil not he necejfitated 

foUoup and to ma\e ufe of a 
'eat many uncertain Remedies 




OF . 

Basil Valentine, 

\Xhc rcby he he huh prepared his Medicines* 

1" N the Name of the Eternal Trmity, God the 
Father , God the Son , and God the Holy 
Gholr, I B^fil Valtntine do here fet down 
thofc Manual Operations, whereby I have 
prepared my toilowing Medicines , which by. 
God's aihflance have made me a ihccelstulanci 
Tcarce ever taiiing Phyfician. 

But bctore I let forth thoi^ Medicines, I mult 
l^iere remember, as many Authors have done be- 
fore me, which I well approve of : That the An- 
cient Searchers of Nature, who have lived long- 
ago much before me, have written of a Bird, 
named by them fhanix^ and is fUll at this very, 
time called fo. Not that fuch a Bird is really ex- 
feintj or to be found in the Wodd^ that tiyeth 

G y, irons 

4"4 ^^^^ Manual Oferdthu^ 

from one place to another, looking after her me at 
and breedeth her young i for indeed there is no 
fuch thing. But the F/m-^i:-: is aficftitiouS' Bird, 
which is never confuted in the fire, but renew- 
eth her age vhercin, and her kind is raifed by the 
fire, fo that (he laltcth to the end of the world. 
Thus likewife it is to be undcrllood of Medi- 
cines, which mud cu«^ and by rooting out con- 
fume i^xcd uileafcs, that they muitbe prepared fo 
as to be&x'd.^ before they can difp;!! hxed things- 
Fcr nothing that is lligbt, or tccbl^and weak, 
can-refift that which is firong, but the ftrong 
muft be c:,(1: o >t byalironger. Therefore the 
Ancients have invented, this Bird, and compared 
her with True Stone , being the Univerfal 
Medicine of the World. Bcfides this UniverGl 
Medicine, there are prepared many other Medi- 
cines, which indeed do not conHime difeafes uni- 
verfally, as our Stone doth, bat do work particu- 
larly every one curing certain diieafes, whereto 
they are ordained by the Moil High from the be- 
ginning at the Creation for the good of Man- 
kind, which are to be further prepared and per- 
fedfed by the Piiyfician. for l-ot diltempers re- 
quire their own phyiick '•> coll dilrempers, having 
their original from cold , do likevvife require a 
proper remedy. The like do mixed diftempers, 
which ar?: of a middle Nature. All this muft 
the skillful Phyfician know and underuand, it fo 
be he intends to gain credit by his Art : on the 
contrary, withor:t iltci: knowledge, he Vv'ill not in 
all his lite time gain any cilecm, but loofe his cre- 
dit and repiUaticn. For every Phyfician muft 
conlider, that there is a great dirTerv-nce betv»ixt 
tliole diieafcsj whica liave fully poilclTcd , and 


c; Bjfil Valentine: 4-5 

clearly overfpread the whole body, as the Lepro- 
fie, and fudi like^ and tkofe dirtempers which 
have bur taken up their Lodging in a Mans Body, 
as a Traveller doth his at an Inn h fuch are the ie-" 
I veral iorts oF Feavtrs, and other the like'mala- 
, dits. Therefore every iin^jle medicine muft be 
directed and applied to the^.difeafe, to which it 
is proper and deputed. In like manner External: 
Diiiempers han^e th^.ir pjcu'^iar Natur's , and- a 
certain difference muft be made betwixt them* 
For in old, lafting,and fpreading Ulcers and Sores, 
which arife from within, another way if Cure 
muft be ufed^then in healing of fimple, common,' 
green wounds, outwardly, made upon the fiefh, 
which may be well cured onely by outward 
application of certain Ointments, Plailkrs.Salves, 
Herbs, Balfams, and Giles : and ( except fomc 
lingular accidents by the influence of the Stars of 
Heaven, fKould require the preparation of fomc 
healing Drinks to be inwardly takenj thofe afore- 
faid Medicines m.ay b^ fufficient alone to cure' 
any green wounds, without furtlxr addition of 
any other inward means. Bat this cannot be ia 
old Ulcers, which have tlieir original from with- 
in. For their original b^ing internal, there muil: bi 
internal Phyiick likewife adminifiired , whereby 
thofe humors, v/hich keep them open,- may bi 
dryed up, and their iffuingfor th ftoppcd. . But 
may J'bme Phyficians fay v how can we rcmem- 
bei^ all this ? this would coil too mudi labour, 
and much time vv^iil be fpent in i^ndin^it ait^ 
and our life is too ftort, death will prevent its 
'herein. APhyiician ought indeed to; kno'vV it, 
if fo be he will be pcrfedt-. md difcharge his of- 
fice and calling, b'.ijje God and the World cpn- 

Gg 2 fdeiiti^' 

42(5 The MAnualOferatioui 

fcientioufly, that the account of his ftewardfliip 
may not (end him to Hell- For it is not enough, 
that a fearcher of the iecrcts of Nature faith : 
The Earth is adorned with many fweet and deli- 
cate Flowers of all manner of colours, and that 
the Birds of the Air are beautilied with feveral 
colours and pleafant feathers. This is not enough 
to make oneaPhilofopher, or fearcher of Natur's 
Arcana '-, bccaufe every Clown may behold the 
variety of colours in Flowers, blue, and all forts 
of mixtures. But when the ignorant Fellow by 
further enquiry is required to give an account of 
the original of all fuch colours, how thofe co- 
lours-ari(e, and how they are driven out by Na- 
ture > he is then as learned a Malfer as Doctor 
Coxcombe^ vvho was to talk fome broth, whe- 
ther it was faked fufficlently. Therefore fome- 
thing more is required to learn to know every 
thing, and to feareh into the hidden fecrets. For a 
fearciicr of Nature mull know more than a filly 
Country-n:a:i, -who only beholds the colours, 
which every one may do, luice they are expofed 
to every ones view , but lie mult look back, and 
by ferious (peculations fcarch and enquire, how 
thofe many colo^irs viiibly fhinning in Animals 
and Vegetables, arc likewiie let forth and do ap- 
pear in Metals. If he hnds and difccrns this, he 
is then a true fearciier of Nature indeed ; but 
without it, he is no more fuch a one, than other 
mi-expericnced Country-men. I will fpeak 
no more of this, but hereafter I miuli tell you,that 
all Natural dileaies, External and Internal arc 
caufed by two things, to wit, either by an earth- 
ly and groilcr Fxiedium, as by inordinate or fuper-, 
fiuous e?At>ing and diiiikicg, or by too much care> 


o/ Bafil Valentine. ^ 4J7 
fear, ^¥atching, taking cold, and the like i or clfc 
by more fpiritual and heavenly influences, as when 
Elemenets become infcd:ed, polluted and poifon- 
cd, whereby they produce many and manifold 
diftempers in the Iciter world. The firlt is more 
j corporeal, the other fpiritual, for it is produced 
'. after a kind of fpiritual manner. The bodily 
diftempers have their feat in the blood and lio- 
Hiack , from whence they work into the other 
parts, and caufe pain : Sach diitempers may be 
cured well enough by more earthly and gro(s 
ways, as by purging aild letting of blood. But 
as concerning fpiritual difeafes, wrought by the 
malignant influences of the Stars, they arc not 
removed by corporeal and bodily remedies, for 
they are much too weak: But it is to btr obfer- 
ved, that if fuch a fpiritual diftemper have taken 
deep root, fpiritual Medicine? are to be applied, 
which arc of that nature, that though they do 
look like corporeaHjpes, yet are they fo prepared, 
that like a Volatile Sjrit they penetrate the whole 
body, to fweep away all morbihc matter, which 
no Medicine is able to perform, vv'hich not being 
feparated from, lyeth as yet hidden in its grols 
body, what other difl:empers foever there be> 
that do not derive their original from thdc two 
natural caufes above faid, they are not Accidents 
cf Nature, neichcr ca« they be accounted natu- 
ral, but muu be judged to have been wrought bv 
Witchcraft 5 which cannot be cured as othLV 
diftempers, and with fuch remedies : but if any 
dcfireth to be freed of them, a Magical cure muft 
be ufed , neverthelefs fuch Magick muft be fol- 
lowed, as is not againfl Nature, but rather doth 
a^rce with it, and which doth not difhonour our 

G g 3 Saviour, 

4^3 X T^e Manual Of erAUom 

■Saviour, not endaiigcr our Souls, but worketh 
3n a way futirg to Nature. There iiiight be much 
faicl, and much written of theic things, but I 
hold it needlefs tor ibme pregnant rcafon, which I 
do keep to my felf. For herein neither the Wit of 
Athens can aifiit me, nor the Power of the Ko^ 
mans \ neither can the Pvichts of Crcefm or Aba- 
fit ms pay me for what X keep back in ehofc pokts 
of Magick, which I hope is prudently done of 
jne. Bat if Vranius the Father of Saturn were 
yei. alive, he would perhaps keep his refidence in 
/r<9>f »2i;7(?j-, that fo, befides the H^^z-z/jJeA^jlike a 
Cunnina, he might give an account, w^he- 
^h^r Haluetiis the Sca-c^gtc is gone, and] where 
Alcar.'vejj^m the little Sifran-rvorm makes iiis- 
Crimfoni' ^- ' 

■ Ti'iviTiay'fufrice for a Preamble to my Manual 
OpCKttrons, wherein I have given you thi^ ac- 
count, wi.ichwill be rightly midcrf bod, when 
thofe .Manual Operations ot^jPline are induftri- 
ouilyiand'vii^Oroaiiy pradf ife^ and his defire ac- idled, and then the Eyes will be opened 
to behold, what now the Ears let-ftijiriz. where 
Virtue lyeth buried, and Truth overcometh falfe- 

The Creatoiir of Heaven and Earth, the Son of 
God our Redeemer, the Holy Ghoft our Comfor- 
ter, wh.o hath (andllied us, be pleafed to allift 
me, that I may fuccefsrully finiih and put a pe- 
riod to defign of mine, to the. glory of God^ 
ito tU comfort and protit of my Neighboui', and 
to the promoting ot the Salvation of my own 

Soij. "■ ; 

I wiii now firfi:. and in the beginning write of 
■erne rv:parations of Minerals^ and difcover, how 

I have ; 

of BafiJ Valcnrinc. 42^ 

I have prepared them in the fear and Jby the a/Jj' 
fiance of God , and found them heipfiil in th- 
greateft dilicmpers.. The univerQI (hali follow 

Of Vitriol and its Preparatio/t^ as alfi of its 
Fom^er and Virtue* 

TAke good H/^Hgnrlan Vitriol^ calcine it, till 
it be of a yellowilh colour, and no higher. 
Grind this calcined Vkrio] fniall, put it into a di- 
ililling VeiTel of Glafs, with a Jong Neck, well 
Luted, Into fzpienti^' Put thereto a large Re- 
ceiver, and begin to diflillday and night with a 
Very gentle fire, that gives not a ftronger heat, 
than the Sun doth in a hot day. Afterwards in« 
creafe the hre by degrees, forcing at laft the Spirits 
with the flronged hre, till red vihbc drops do 
come over , which work hath taken up three 
days and nights. This being done, take thac 
which is left in the diitilng VcfTel, commonly 
called Ca.pit mjrtimm^ and grind it fmall 5 pour 
on it clear Rain-water hrit diftilied , and boil 
therein the Cholcotar, and the Salt of the Vitriol 
will igo into the Water. The Water being fet- 
tled and clear, Fiitre it, that the Feces may be (c- 
parated. Let the Wat er v: p. ur away g^ n;Iy m 
lomeGlais VeiTeJ, tijj the Salt be d.y > dilfolve 
the Salt again in Rain-water hril ^iftiil. d and 1^^ 
it vapour away again to drynefs. . Repeat thia 
operation the third time, andthcSaltof Vi^ripl 
will be very fair, clean, and clear. Put this dry- 
Salt into a Cucurbit of Glafs, and pour on it th<^ 
Sibovc made Spirit of Vituol, Lute the Glais ht/- 
Gs 4 fa^ienti^i^ 

4:50 The M^r^ualOperatfOKS 

JapientU^ ^aiid fet it in digeftion for (bmc dayc 
This being done, open the Glals, and put the ma- 
terials together into a Retort of Glafs, and diltill 
them lirft gently, and when it ceafeth to drop, 
increaiir the fire, and force it over, till nothing 
vijl come more. Let it become cold, and then i 
take the Spirit out of the Receiver, which mufl ,■ 
be fcmewhat large and ftrong. Put the Spirit in- j 
to a Glafs-body, and rediiie it by diiiillation, till 
it be freed from the fici^mc, and the matter in the 
Glafs-body appear to be of a red deep brown co- 
lour. Then take the Ghis-body, and let it with 
the faid Matter in a Cellar, and there will (hoot 
from it very tair, white, clear, tranfparent Chry- 
llals. Put thefj tranfparent Chryftals into a large 
Phioi, witha very large and long Neck, and pour 
on them tne hrft white Spirit of Turpentine, and 
it will boll up and foam, therefore you mufl be 
careful, and not over-hafry in doing this. The 
Chryilals v.ill diffolve, and the Spirit of Turpen- 
tine will grow traniparent, as red as blood. This 
being doi.e, pour on it three times the weight of 
common Spirit ot' Wine, fiecd fully from its 
Megme, fo that it ftand two fingers high above it. 
Then p^it a little Head of Glais upon the Neck of 
the Phiol, Luting it well, joyn to it a Receiver, 
und diliili very gently the Spirit of Wine in Bj/- 
rCQ Man£^ aiid the Piiidturc of Vitriol comes 
over very plcafavit with the Spirit ot Wine, and 
that whicli is cbrrofive reiiiams behind with the 
cily parts of the Spirit of Turpentine, ' The Spi- 
rit ot Wine being come with the Tindture, put it 
together into another Phiol, and pour en it fome 
irefli Spirit of Wine, and difrill it again gently in ' 
fialrico Marixj as you did befoic j il iuiy corrolive 


c/Bafil Valentine. 43- . 

be come over "with the'fire, it will now ftay be- 
hind. Repeat this Operation the third time, and 
the work is done and perted. Put this fair, rcd^ 
tranfparent Spirit of Vitiiol into a Pelican, add 
to it at once half an once of well pulverifed Uni- 
corns-horn, and let it (land in Circulation in » 
gentle heat a whole month. Then pour it off 
very clear from the Faxs, and the Tindure of 
Vitriol is prepared for the Medicine, of a very 
pleafant talk, and is to be ufcd after this manner 
following, to wit, Let him that is troubled with 
the Faliing-fickneis, take half a dram of it in a 
ipoonful of Lillium convallium Water, when the 
- lit is coming upon him, thus let him ufe it three 
times, and this Medicine will cure him by the 
help of God. He that is mad and dilkaded^ 
ftiould take it likewife in Wine for the fpace of 
eight days, and he will have reafon to give God, 
|hanks tor it. Moreover, if it be taken in Wine^ 
it doth refolve any hardnefs fettled in the nerves > 
and if it be conikntly ufed for fome time, even 
the Gout it (elf is con(umed and cured ihereby. 
■ . Likewife it maketh thofe who are melancholy 
f nd troubled with fadnefs, if it be ufed as before, 
very cheerful and lighthearted, difpelleth all (ad- 
nets, and breed eth good and pure blood. It hath 
been found very excellent in iwimmings and gid- 
dinefs in the head, it comforteth the brain, and 
prefcrueth the memory. If it be adminif^red in 
Confumptions of the Lungs, and any other 
Coughs, ift the manner aforelaid, it will cure thofe 
diflempcrs , and is very ufeful fQr mtny other 
■", things. 


^ 3 z The Mgmal Oporationt 

An AMltloH* 

TAke Sal-armoniac, c^iiTolve a confidcratlc 
quantity of it iirtheftrongef^ Vinegar, and 
add to it filings of Copper, let it putrihcinheat, 
till the filings are all- grown friable, fo that they 
may be grinded into powder, and you will have a 
yellow powder, which Edulcorate v/ell. 

Having done fo, dry the pov/der, and pour on 
it the red Aquavit £ vitriolic which hath been di- 
fiilltd over with its proper Salt, (b that it cover 
it all over h fet it thusdn heat, and the powder of 
the Copper will be dilfolved in the Oyl, but there 
miift foiRe fair Water beiriixed v;ith it^then draw 
It off in Sand to drynefs, and the flegme comes 
over : The remainder force out of a Hetort in an 
open fire, and you will find an oUum '/cncris^ 
graroj tranlparent. like an Emierald, Put again 
into this vlcmn (biiie of the powder of Copper, 
and it will be prcfently diilolved in it. Then 
coagulate it to drynefs, and you have a powder •, 
hatf^n ounce whcreot will tranfmute a whole 
pound of Iron being in flux , into very good- 

Of th: fipcet Effcncc of Vitrbh 

THe fweet ElTence oif Vitriol, whereby niany 
wonderful cures maybe wrought, is Only 
prepared cut of its Sulphar, which burnerh like 
JDther Erimfione. To obtain this, proceed after 
this manner. Take of the belt Vitriol youcan 

o/rafilVaent'ine^ 43 J 

get •> difTolve it in fair Foimtaiii-wafcr •, after 
this take Pct-a(hes, fuch as Dyers ule for their 
Dying, thofe dilTolve likewife in fair F^oun tain- 
water, let jc fettJe wcl], and then pour off the 
dear from the dress, and add it to the Solution of 
Vitriol, and one will infiame the other, and caufe 
a feparation. For the Sulphur of Vitriol doth 
ftparate it felf by precipitation. Make a confi- 
derablc guar.tity of ir, and Edulcorate it from all 
rmpurity. Afterwards, dry the fame Sulphur , 
which will hum like other Sulphur, being cafr up- 
on glowing coals. 

Take row this Sulphur, and (liblime it by it 
felf, without any addition, and there will remain^ 
fome Feces, which fepirate and put away. Theit 
take the Sulphur, and grind together with it half 
its weight of common Salt of Tartar, and di- 
frill tiicm together through a Retort, and thcre^. 
will come overa reddifn oyl. Pour to this oyl^. 
fome diftilled Vinegar, and there will precipitate 
a brown powder, and the Spirit of Tartar re- 
maineth in the Water. Edulcorate the fame pow- 
der very well, for therein is the treafure to hz 
looked after. This work being done pour fome 
Spirit of wine on the faid powder, and let it 
circulate in heat for eight days. Thus the excel- 
lent fweet Elfence of the Sulphur of Vitriol go- 
eth mto the Spirit of Wine, and fwim.eth upon 
the t^p in forma olci^ like oyle of Cinnamon. 
TheiTi l^parate the Ellence trom the Spirit of 
Wine, by means of a feparating Glafs, and keep 
it very carefully for uie^ it being a great treafure. 


434 Thf Manual OporathnS 

7)a' Vp of tins Medicine- 

THisEirencc of Sulphur, four grains of it be- 
ing taken in Balm- water, drycth up the bad 
humors of the blood, itrengthens and incites Men 
and Women to Copulation, cleanfeth the Womb,, 
hindreth the Rifmg of the Mother, and breedeth 
good Seed for the Procreation of Children. 

Tiie iame quantity being taken m Parfley-wa- 
ter, and continued for a fortnight, doth confumc 
all flegmatick humors of the whole bodyi, cures 
the Dropiie radically , drives out the putritied 
Blood, openeth Impofthumes, yea, you will find 
it really and in truth to do wonderful cures, if ycu 
will be induftriousand careful in the preparation 
thereof, but you muft never whil'il you live, for- 
get God your Creator, to call upon him for a Blef- 
(ing,and to render to him thanks for all his father- 
lybenehts he hath bellowed upon you. 

Njtc^ This fweet EfTcncc of Vtriol hath that 
Eminent Phyfician Dodor Hdi'tman taken out of 
this Book, and inferted in his Praxif Chy^niatrica^ 
Jub titulj lepra J where he doth explain tomething 
this Procefs. 

IthePnparation of the Stone Ignis* 

I^TOvv will I teach you tlie^chkfcfl preparation 
J-^ of Antimony, and the ufe of it in Medi- 
cine. In this Antimony are hidden, and found 
To many w^onderful myikries, that there is none 
too old to ham, aiid to learch to find them out. 


Of Bafil Vaki^.tinc, 455 

Therefore 1 will inftrudi you here to make onlF 
feme preparations 5 which alfo arc required to 
ether things. 

Take pure Mineral Antimony,which is brought 
from Hungary^ grind it {mall, and wafii it very 
clean, that the earth may be feparared from it. 
Take then a pound ot it^mij^with it as much of 
fluxing powder made of Tartar and Nitre, cover 
it with common Salt, and melt it down in a Cru- 
cible with a Itrong iire , when it is well melted 
like Water, kt it cool •> put again to it the like 
quantity of new fluxing powdcr,and melt it once 
again, and thai the liegulus will be clear and 
pure. Add to this i^e^K/^j-its weight of Nitre; 
and melt it down. Pour it out together, and 
beat oif the Scoria 5 and put again to the Ty.egH^ 
////its weight of Nitre, and melt it. Repeat this 
till all the Regulus is gone into ScorU-, which you 
muft carefully keep : Thcv will burn upon the 
tongue like fire. This being done, take the mat- 
ter to gathered grind it imall, and edulcorate the 
Salt-peter from it, and there rcmainetha brown- 
yellow powder, which dry and keep, it looketh 
like grinded glais. Take now a common 2i.t'gi/- 
lus of Antimony, made with Salt- peter and Tar* 
tir, grind it fmall, and put it into a round Glais, 
which niult not be too hi ;h, and fallen a Head 
too it. Sublimit youv Kcguluf in Sandbyitfelf 
without any addition, fwcep the Sublimate with 
a Feather again into the Glais, and Sublime it 
again i Repeat this fo long, till nothing do rife, 
but remain red and fixed in the bottome. The« 
take this fixed Antimony, and put it upon a Ston« 
in a Cellar, and in time it will be diliolvcd into 
Water, which diUill in B^l^oa Msri^, until the 


4?<^- The ManudOferdtion^ 

i|xth part cnly of the Water do. remain in the 
Goal's. . Set this in a cold place, and there will 
(hoot reddifh Chryfbls, which difiblve in Ra^u- 
water, Filtrc it, and draw oif the Flegme to a 
thicknefs •, fet it by as betore^ and the Chryftals 
will (hoot whiteaiid very pure,, like unto Salr-pc- 
ter : this is the Saj| of Antimony. Take tiiefc 
Chrylials, and pour upon them pure difiilkd Vi- 
riegar,and they willdifToivc in the Vinegar. Then 
diltiilthe Vinegar, the Glafs being very clofe Lu- 
ted, forcing at laft the Spirits into the Vinegar, 
and then the Vinegar is prepared. Take this Vi- 
negar, and pour it on the prepared brown-yellow - 
fowder, aixi fet it in Ibme warm place, and the 
Vinegar will («raw out the 1 indure of- Antimo- 
ny altogether red within half a quarter of an 
hour* Pour off this Extrasfrion together, asid 
let it todigell for eight and twenty days in 'E>dmo 
Marl£, A^fcerwards diiriil from it the Vinegar 
tnrough an Alembick in Sand, forcing in the end 
ti\t Gyle into another Glals, which comes over 
with manyfirange ai:d wonderful Veins. Re- 
<^iiie this Oylc in Allies, and the reft of the Vine- 
gar, if any be kft, will come oif, and the Oyle 
remaineta very Iweet, and of a pleatant red co- 
lour like a Ruby. Thus have you joyned the 
Sulphur With the Salt of Antimony, and brought 
It over like an Ao.n^ vit^^ which Keep vcrv care- 

. Furthermore, take again a common Kcguhtso^ 
Antimony, made with Salt-peter and Tarts r, and 
beat it to,povyder. Then take of ,lfr-Q% diiiiiled 
Vincga-r tbi :e ineafurcs, [<;»//<«•, one meiiure] id 
§fi^ four Quarts and a half, l-ut ini-o it of Sal-ar- 
nioniaQy v>f Salt of lartar Cwhctewich I will 


Of Bafil Valentine. 4^7 

teichyou hereafter at the end of my dlredlonsi I intei:d to write of the Philofophers 
.;:e, to prepare Spirit of Wine jlikewife eight 
Durces. P'geft this to the Evaporation of the 
Vinejtxar, and irun^Ic with the Salts three parts of 
yerAceT'npoiy^induimlithi: Spirit, which is ot a 
fing:Tla^ nature anckeroperty. Poirr this Spirit on 
the pi'lverifed ■Rcrjdtis of ARtimony^ and having 
the Glafs v/ell Luted, kt it fbnd in d/gefrion iix- 
tecn days ^ then dii^ill the Spirit from the Matter 
to a dryncfs, and grind four times the weigh*" of 
Filings of Strel with the fame, put it into a Re- 
tort, and putting thereto a large Receiver full of 
Wat'jr, diilili it, torcing at lali with a ftrong hre, 
and the Mercury comes over in Fumes, and i5 
qiiicKned in the Water, which is the true Mercu- 
ry of Antimony. 

Take common Spirit of Vitriol, add a little 
common W^atcr to it, and put your Filings ot 
Steel into it, let it Hand till the Filings are dif- 
folved, then pour it off clean, and put away the 
Feces. Afterwards diftill the Spirit in Aflies to a 
thicknefs, and fct the GLfs in a cold place, and 
there will ihoot good Vitriol of Iron, '^hich take, 
and having tirft vapoured away the Flegm,mingle 
with it thrte parts of the powder made ot burned 
potfhards of broken Pots : put it into a Retort, 
draw off the Flegmdhrlt, then force the Spirit 
with a flrong tiTf nito a proper gbfs, which re- 
ffifieto the height,^nd there will remain anOyl 
hrthebottome. .Pour this Oyle upon theMer-^ 
eury.^made before^ and" draw off the Flcgmeirt' 
hot'Afhcs, and the Tindure of the Acata vit£ 
remahis beliind, and doth Precipitite the Mer-^ 
;urylnto aiair hi^h coloured powder "of very* 


4j8 The AianudOperatiom 

great virtues in curing old Running Sores* 

'the ConjuntlidH of the three Frincipks^ Sul^hnvy' 
Salt-) and Mercury of Antimony » 

TAkc then of this Precipitate well Edulcorated 
with common Spirit of wine, one part •, and 
pour oh it of the above mentioned fweet Oyle, 
three parts, in a Phiol, fo that the Phiol be not 
above half full. 

Then Seal it Hermetically, and place it in a 
Phyioibphical Furnace, and the Precipitate w^ill be 
dilfolved in that continual heat. Open then the 
Gla{s, and continue a ftrong Fire, till tlie Matter 
become a h-KtA Powder, and do fix, and then the 
Scone ignis is prepared, of which I have written. 
This Scone is a particular Tincture in Mens bodies 
as well as in thofe of Metal. This may be ufed 
in many hard and dani^crous diftempers, as I have 
let it down in the dircdions for, the adminiftrati-. 
en and ufe of the fame in the Triumphant Gha-. 
riot of Antimony. . ; 

An Addition'' 

*]Jf Akc of this Stone, or particular Tindure., half 
an ounce,call: it upon twelve ounces and a halt 
cf pure Silver^or upon as much Pewter or Lead, 
let it flow very well for four and twenty hours v 
then drive it off clean, and Quart it, as Jryers 
andReiiners do, and you will find in the Silver 
two o'jnces and a half of very good Gold, and in 
Ihe Pewter or Lead one ounce, upon ;hc Cuppel. 


1/ fiifil Valentine. 45? 

Another Medkite mjidc out of AnthrD-iy and hkc- 
cury^ and of its Fffccls in oHtw:ird SorcU 

YAke- Hun^ar'ijn Antimony, and Sublrmed Mcr- 
cnry, and grind them well together, and di-^ 
ftill them through an Eartlicn Retort, torciuij'' 
them at laft with rheftrongell: hre imagin:ible, and 
you wil] obtain an ( )yle, which feparatc and keep 
apart. Put away the quick Mercury, it fobe 
there be any, and the Cinnibre you will find in 
the Neck' of the Retort. B'lt as for the Capa 
' mortiium-, grind it fmall, and put it into a new Re- 
I tort, and having poured on it 'the Oylc, hr(i: made 
warm, diflill it again trom it. Repeat this fo 
often, till the Ci/>/irw,Tf//7//?z rcmani behind like 
Allies, and then your Oyle is prepared. Atter 
this take (bmuchfrelh Antimony, as iirft of al 
the mortuam did weigh, giind it fman, and 
pour on it the Oyle hriVwarnicd, and fo many 
times diftilled as before, till the Oyle be come over 
as red as a Ruby, and the Ctpa t j?i^rtmmi likewile 
remain like Afhes in thebotLome of the GIafs,and 
then the Oyle is prepar>u. 

7he 'jre^aratiju of the Suhhute for this rFork>- 

HTAke one pound and a half of H/rigzrl.m\'[- 
triol.-onc pound of common Sale, tour oun- 
ces of Sak-pcccr; grind this tOiierher , and put 
one pound of Qaici; hivLT into cne bottome of ct 
Ghls-budy , puce it in Sind, ib that the do 
not come above the Matrcr in thcGlalsb put a 
"Head thereupon, and give it a ccnvenicnc hre, 
• * Hh audr 

and the Sublimate will (lick to the iides of the 
Glafs, which is to be ufed to your work. 

Take the above prepared Aqu^ vit£^ and add 
to eight ounces of it, three ounces of Salt-peter- 
water, and diitill it out of a Coated glals Retort, 
and you will have an ounce of" the Aqua vit£ re- 
main behind fix'd* Then put again to the Aqu^ 
vit£^ one ounce of fre(h Salt-peter-watet into a 
Retort, and diftill as before, and there will ftay 
more behind. This addition of frcfh Salt-pcter- 
watcr to the Aqua vit£^ a^ diliillation out of a 
Coated Retort, as hath been laid before, repeajt 
fo often, till all remain hxed in the Retort. 

'Xbc S^lt'petcr-ivater is made thus* 

*J*Ake unburnt Potfhards grinded fmall, and 
with three parts of the iame, grind one part 
of purified Salt-peter •, put into the Receiver half 
a pounds of Water to one povuid of Salt-peter, 
and f^rce the Spirits over into it. That which is 
fixed with this Water, put into a Glals body, and 
pour upon it the comnion Aqua vit£ vitriolic fo 
that it be fOur fingers high upon it. Then dilhll 
it till the Matter become dry. Take out this 
Matter, and dry it yet more, that the reil of thofe 
corrofrv^e Spirits may evaporate •, then edulcorate 
it well with Spirit of Wine, anil the Medicine is 


</ Bafil Valentine. 44: 

'JpHree or four grains of this Medicine being tak- 
en in fbnic good Treacle for fomc days, cmcth 
the French-pox , nay, there is no fore lb old and 
refrered , but is cured infallibly by it.- I have 
cured with it likewifc many fpreading old run- 
ning Ulcers, as Fiftula?, Cancers, the Wolf, and 
the like: for which many have with cbcir pray- 
ers given thank? to God, and me for the PhyiicK. 
The Name ot the Lord be praifed theretorc. 

^- Note^ This FJIence of Antimony hath been 
prepared by divers Eminent Phyfidans in Londm^ 
which had commiuiicated to them this Proccfs 
out of the High-Dutch^ and hath been u{ed with 
very great benefit in many delperate dilkmpers, 
and diieafes which were accounted incurable. " 

Though many more, yea numberlefs Medicines, 
may be prepared oar^t Antimony, as A(]h^^ viu^ 
Powder, Extradions , Vitra, and the Hkc , of 
which you fee my Triumphant Chariot : yet have 
I iet down here only fjch, as will be a furc remedy 
in any diftemper almcfTjas v^ell inwardly as out- 
wardly applied-. 

The ?nparatlon of a Mcdichie out of com- 
mon. Snlphur* 

'J'Ake common Sulphur, and grind it fmall.'i lien 
grind with it three parts of calcined Vitriol, 
|>utit together into a iji^hOicurbic, and Sublime 

Hh 2 ' i- 

44 ^ "^"^ Mmual O^^er attorn 

it in^^md, till nothing will S'-iblime more. Take 
then thcie Flowers, put thcni into a Glafs, and ' 
pout^ on "them a commqji Aqtia vit£ 'iart^ri^ 
which hath been diifolved in a Cellar, To that rt 
fwimm on the top of it a hands breadth. Phce 
it in a convenient heat, r.fid the Sulphur will 
open it felf in few hours, and become tranfpa- 
rent red like a Ruby. This being done, peur off 
the extradion into another Glafs, andpiv. toit 
very good dliVilled Vinegar, and the Sulphur falls 
to the bottonie with a great ftink. Pour off the 
Aaua liu-y and edulcorate well tht^ Sulphur, and 
dry it gently. Put this Sulphur again into ano- 
ther <jLlaf« Cucurbitc, and pour upon it Spirit of 
Wine, t?\'hiLh is prepared wich Philofophical 
Tartar k^ it in for three days, ,and the Spirit 
of VvincTmbibeth again that excellent Tindure 
of theSilphur ; Then pour off the Extradion, 
and draw olf" the Spirit of Wjne with a prett;y 
iaong fire in Sand, and there will come over 
with It a pleafant fweet fmclling Aquj, viu^ Hav- 
ing dene To, redifie the Qyle in Balneo MarU^ 
and draw off the Spirit of Wine gently, and the 
A'quj vit£ S/dfhwiJ remaineth in the bottome. 


7'bcVfc '■/ tins Medicine. 

ix or ciglit drops of this Oyle being taken in a 
Spoontul of Wine, arc good for thofe that 
sre in a Confumption : it is good likewife for 
Coughs, opcncth the Breiir, and Ulcers of the 
Brealr, a aifo Impolthumes j it relieveth againft 
whatfoever may occaii©n any putrefadion in a 
mans btdvj if* the uk of it be continued forfome 
time. ' • 2^/,^ 

of Bafil Valentine. 443 , 

"the Freparation of the th&itre, of Corals. 

'pAkc red Corals, break them to pieces, and pour 
on them a common Spirit of Salt, and the 
Corals will be diffolued. This being done, draw 
off by diitillation the Spirit of Salt, and Edulco- 
rate them well. Then take to one Mai'ck of this 
Powder, half an ounce of common Sulphur pul- 
verlfed, and having mingled it together, revcr^ 
berate it very gently, till all the Sulphur be bi#nt 
away. Having done fo, .^ r:nd as much Cam- 
phire with the Corals, and burn the Camphirc 
likewife away. Then Edulcorate well the Co- 
rals, and pour upon them hi^h redtihed Spirit of 
Wine, and digelr them, for eight days, and the 
Tindture of the Corals will Elevate it felf, and 
go into the Spirit of Wine. Then pour off that 
which you have extraded, and after thatdtaw 
off the S}>irit of Wine frc^rit, and there rcnlain- 
eththcTindurcof Corals behi-nd in the bottome 
like a red fat oyle of Olivt^J. 

'I'he Vfe if the Midkinc. 

CIx drops of this Tind^ure gi^cn in a Spoonfu] 
of Wine to thufe that are bereaved of their 
Senfes , rcHQreth thtnn again. ' This Tindure 
comforteth likewiic the Brain , and firengtlicns 
the Memory, difpelleth (idnels and melancholy, 
makes iighthearted , breedeth g;ood blood, gnd 
ftrengthneth the heart. It is fuch a noble Medi- 
cine, for which vye are bound iadee4 to blcfs AU 
nii^hty Godo 

444 '^^^ Ma',iU(dOfaM hns 

Of the true Solution of Pearls. 

'J'Ake very good Verdigreafc, grind it Imall, and 
dilTolve it in dillilkd Vinegar, pour oft the 
ekar, and throw away the Feces. Then diftill 
off the Vinegar out of a Glafs body to a thickncis, 
and put it into a cold place, and there will (hoot 
from it a iair Vitriol : put this Vitriol into ano- 
ther Glafs, and pour on *t a high rcdiiied Spirit 
of Wine, and dillblve therein the Vitriol very 
well V feparate the Feces from it, afterwards diAill 
off like wife the Spirit of Wine to a thickncT, and 
fet it again intoacold place, and the Vitriol fhoot- 
cth again. Put then the Vitriol into a Glais bo- 
dy, and draw ( If by deftillation the Flegme in 
Bahieo Mari£^ till the Matter becoire dry •-, take it 
out, put it into a Glals Retort, and diliill oikc 
more with a Wronger tire in Sand, and you will 
-obtain a pleafant Vinegar. Dilfolve in this Vine- 
gar as many Pearls as it will difiblve, for this Vi- 
negar worketh very well upon them, dilTolveth 
the (ubftance, but not the (hells. 

- The Pearls being dilTolvcd,draw off the Vine- 
gar in Bilmj hLr'i£-i till the 1 carls be very dry : 
Then take them out, and Edulcorate them with 
Ilofe-watcr. Put thcfe Pearls thus prepared into 
a Gla(s body, and pour fome Spirit ot Wine up* 
on them, and digefi them in gcntk heat iour and 
twenty hours, and there rifeth a p]ea(antJi4Uor 
from thePcarlcs^ which doth mount and Iwim- 
cth i^on the. Spirit ot W ine J ike an ^(^«j i'ir< 
made of Cinnamon. Pour it off together wirh 
the Spirit of W iiie, and keep it. 


€f BafiJ A^aJcntine, 445 

1 he Vfe of this Medicine* 

*pAke of this Spirit of Wine half a fpoonful, fo 
that four or five drops of the Oylc may go 
with it : It- comforteth the Heart, gives ftrength 
to the very Marrow and Bones , cureth Swim- 
ings in the Eyes, and whatfoever may be hurtful 
to the Eyes. Difpellcth Rheums in the Head, and 
the Noife in the Ears, openeth the palTage to 
Hearing, and is moreover a mofi precious trea* 
fure in majiy diftcmpers. 

NoiCy This Preparation of Pearls hath been 
borrowed of our Philofopher, by that IlluftriouS 
Reformer of G^/f»ic^/ Medicines Dodor Zrvolffer 
in his Appendix. 

• ' — ■ 

. j^ certain Cure of the StonC' 

R Of common Salt-pcter wdl purified one 
pound, and as much of the comm.on white Spi- 
rit of Vitriol. Pour the Spirit of Vitriol upon 
the Salt-peter, and the Salt-peter will be difTolv- 
cd altogether. This being done, diftill from 
thence the Spirit of Vitriol in Allies, to a thick- 
•ne(s, and fet it into fomc cold place, and the 
Salt-peter will fhoot again from it. Take two 
ounces of this Salt-peter, and the like quantity 
of the Salt of Wormwood > pour on thicm a lit- 
tle of the Oylc of Sulphur made per Campanam^ 
fo that the Salts may be like a Pultife : Mix with 
it -likewife one dram of Anuileed-oyle, and as 
nuichof Oyleof white Ambre, adding tlitretoa 

Jih 4- pound 

^.i.-<5 The MdhurdOi^sYA*:ip-i< I 

pound ot Canary Sa^'ar, and mix all the fc ingre- \ 
dients vciy wdl together. Let hini that is tor- i 
men ei with theStopc, take of this Powder every 
dry live or iix times ever v time as much as will 
lye upon a point of a knife, twice repeated, and 
this Medieiiie w^ill work upon the Stpne , and 
breaK it, and throw it out radically. I have 
dene great cures- with this Medicine, for many 
have been cured by it. Yea, in the beginning ot 
my.praclifc, I have cured one of my Brethren of 
bis- diftanpcr with the faid Mcdic'nc, when all , 
the Herbs he i:fed Would do him no go(5d. He 
prayed f.rvuirly for me to his dying day, and 
gave God thanks daily for hib Crcatuies, ieemg he 
had putfo great virtue intothtm. 

iV /c, With this Medicine very gieat cures have 
been pcrfoimcd, as concerning the Scone of the 
JKidney.s, Ly divers excellent Phyticians in C:r- 

Of tl e Scnl^ or of the Sulplmr of Lime-, or the Thi 
IffUrs SUvcr. ' . 

'J Ake comm.on Salt and quick or unllackt Lime-, 
reverberate them together in a Wind-turnace 
^vnh the Itrongclt hrc,e^trad again the Salt-peter 
yvmi warm Pxain-watcr, and coagulate it to dry- 
ncfs, min^W again with it new quick Lime, te- 
verberatc it, and extradl again, ;Lpeat tjiis the 
third tiinc. Tins'- being done, take "Calx of Sil- 
ver, being after the diflblution in A(;ua frrt pre- 
c pita ted, and mix it with the prepared Salt : put 
ix into a glafs Piiiol. pour nn it a coinaion Aqua 

o/Bafil Valentine, 4^7 

firrt^ fuch as the Goldfmiths life, rfiade of Salt- 
peter anil Vitriol, and draw it otf by diftillatiou 
in hot Sand, pour on it {bme (xc9[\A(jui firh ^^^d 
having dilHlled it likevvife, repeat it the third 
time, giving at laft very ftrong tire, that the Mat- 
ter in the Glafs may how very wdl. Let it cool 
of itfelf in the Furnace, and the Silver will be- 
come tranfparent blew in one piece. Extrad: 
this with Vinegar, tiJl you can txtrad: no more. 
JE.dulcorate that which is extra fted with Water, 
that the Salt may be feparated from it. Cohobate 
Vinegar upon the dry Sulphur, till it comes over 
like a Saphire. Reduce the fame Silver intofmall 
hhygs, and add to it its weight of Sal-arn oniac, 
and Sublinie it in a Glafs body, and the Sal-aimo- 
niac carrieth with it the Sulphur of Lune, of a 
very pleafant Sky colour, Put this Sublimate in- 
to a Dith of Glals, Edulcorate it well with Rain- 
water tiril: diftillcd, and the Sil-armpiiiac will hz 
feparated. Then dry the Sulphur of Lune, put 
it into a little body, and pour on it good re6tit-cd 
Spirit of Wine, and fet it four and twenty hour? 
hi heat, and the Spirit of Wine doth Iiiibibc the 
Sulphur of Lune tine traniparent blew like a v^a- 
phire, or Vitra mjrin^ and leavctii fome tew KCv-S 
t>chind, which fcparate from it. 

the Vfe, 

FJve or fix drops of this Tindurc bei«g takc^ 
in VV'ine, do difpell lad and mtluiicholy 
thoughts.' it preventeth unquiet deep i curctli 
^ ttiofe as ufe to rife and w^andcr up and down in- 
the night, and likewifc thc/e thaf -jiit Lunaticks. 

44 8 The Manual Opor axiom 

Giveth reft to all fuch as are reftlefs in the nighty 
and is an excellent Medicine for all thofe that are 

Tih^ fecrct of ^ick^ crV}fJI:icktLime. 

TAke good pure Chalk, burn it in a potters 
Furnace with a very ftrong lire, to bring it to 
an exad maturity. Then grind it fmall upon a 
warm Stone, and pour on it in a Glals body Spi- 
rit of wine, made with Philofophical Tartar, as 
I fliall teach in my way of making the Potable 
Gold, that the Chalk become like a thin Pultice. 

This being done, dillill from thence the Flegm, 
to the drynefs of the Chalk, pour frefh Spirit of 
Wine on it, and diftill it off again* Repeat this 
fix times *, then grind the Matter fmall, and lay 
it on a Ston::; in a Cellar to dilTolve, and there wil 
flow in few days from it a Liquor, which when 
ydu have gathered, put it into a Retort of Glafs, 
and dn'tillitin Sand i, and the Flegm comes over 
firft, v/hich keep a partr After this there cometb 
A fpiritual liquor, which is likewife to be kept by 
it fclf. Moreover take ChryCtal-ftones, Pulverile 
fhem, and grind their weight of Live or Mine- 
ral Sulphur with them. Put then this Matter 
upon a broad earthen Platter, ftirring it continu- 
ally, and burn away the Sulphur from it. Then 
Reverberate it in an open flaming Fire for three 
hours. Thi.9 being done likewile, put the Matter 
into a Glals, and pour the liquor upon it- Take 
like wile Crab> Fyes, put them into another Glafs, 
and p6ux on ihem of the fame liquor-, let it ftand 
-*retty hoi tor tourteen days and nights, and there 

o/Bafil Valentine. 449 

will rife from both a moifture, which pour off 
together very clean into a little body of Glafs, 
land rcftifie it in Balneo Maria^ and the Liquor re- 
maineth behind. Three grains of which being 
I taken in Wine, hath wrought very great and ad- 
mirable elFcdts. 

This Medicine cureth likewife radically the 
Stone of tiacJBladder and Kidnq^s both in Men 
aiKl Women. 


•yAke this burned Chalk", pour upon it , and 
then draw from it again fevcral times an Aqua 
fort made of Vitriol and Salt-peter. DiiToIve it' 
afterwards in a Cellar. Dirtill that which is dif- 
folved into an Oyl with a ftrong lire. Di geif 
with this Oyl a Calx of Lune opened with Aqna 
fort for a Month. Reduce this Calx by mekingi 
it down with Salt-peter, and Sal-armoniac, and 
refine it with Saturn, then fcparate it, and- you 
will have a white fixed Lune, which lay for a day 
and night in an Aqua fort^ and you havc^ood 
Gold which endureth all tryals. L* P. 

the Freparation of the Great Zhilfo^hkh^Stonc. 

LAftly, to clofe up all, I will now inflrud yow 
from the love'l bear to God, how I have 
made my Univerfal Medicine, or the Philoibpher 
Stone, which many Maficr-buildershavc wrought 
upon, and will difcover faithfully and truly all 
iny Manual Operations. You mufi know, that 


450 I'he Manual OporatlohS 1 

our Stone is made out of its own proper EfTencci 
for it tranfmuteth other MctaJs into real and true 
Gold, which Gold muir be prepared, and become 
a better Stone. Asd though nothing of another 
Nature niuft be ufed in the preparation of our 
Stone, which might obfirud its Majcltick Ex- 
cellency, yet the preparation of it in the begin- 
ning cannot be made without means. But pb* 
fcrvc, that, as you will hear afterwards, all Cor- 
roiivcs mull be walhed away again from it 
and ilparated, fo that our Stone may be (evered 
trom "all poifon, and be prepared tabc the great- 
ci^ Medicine. 

pL 't I bcleech you for Gods fake, that you vf ill 
keep your Tongue, and put aieal'toyour Lips, 
that you nidy n )t difcovcr what you learn out of 
ihhy iitch an incredible worldly excel lency^ to the 
itTipenitent and unworthy-, that you may not par- 
ticipate of other Mens iins where there is no 
need, and thereby prepare for your fclf th<^ way 
loH'vll and everblling Damnation, which God 
Almighty gracioully keep and preferve you from. 
Wl-erefore ubfcrve my v;ords, and lay to heart 
ray frying? , do not dillike it, that I limply relate 
thefc things, ^or many wQxds avail, little here. 
Neither let it trouble you, that the work may 
kcm llii^ht unto you, but confider the end th'at 
xvil! follow. For ingonlidcrabte is both the b^r 
ginning of the work, and the work it fclf : but 
the op is high and tKccllent , all which know- 
Jedg- '«ud experience will dilcover aud bring to 
Iii>!itc ■ 


0/ Bafil Valentine. 45- 

'Now do I proceed in the Name of the Lord to th 
Work ii fclf. 

TAke of the very bed Gold you can have oni 
part, of good Hungarian Antimony lix parts, 
melt this together upon a tire, and pour it out 
intofuch a pot as the Goldfmiths ufe -> when yoa 
have poured it out it bccometh a Kegul'M. This 
fame KeguUts muii be melted again, that the Anti* 
niony may be feparatcd trom it. 

Tjiis being done, add to itMerairy, and melt 
k again, and cleanfe it again* Repeat this the 
third time 5 and the Gold ispurged and purihed 
enough for the beginning of the Work. Then 
beat the Gold very thin, as Goldfmiths do, when 
they gild, and make an Amalgam.i with common 
Quick- filvcr, Jwhich muft be fquecfed through a 
Leather ^ Jet the Quick-filver, tume away by lit- 
tle and little upon a gentle fire, that nothing of 
it may remain with the Gold, and flir it about 
continually with a fmall Iron, and the Gold js be^ 
come fubtile,fo that its water may the better work 
upon it, and open it. 

T'he Preparation of the J^atcr* 

TAke one part of Salt-peter well puriHed, and 
grind with It the like quantity of Sal-armo- 
niac, and half as much of Pebbles very well 
cleanied and waflied. Mingle all thcle ingredi- 
ents together, and put them into an Earthen Re- 
tort, that the Spirits may not come through V.puc 
the fame into a Drilling Furnace ;. Tl)e Retgrc 

45 ^ The ManudOper^itiorit 

mud have a Pipe behind, and put as large a Re- 
ceiver as you can get to the Retort. The Refeiver 
mull lye ia a VeiTel full of cold Water, and a wet 
Linnen-cloth mull be put round about it, which 
you muft wet continually with another wetClothi 
then put again fo much Matter into the Retojft, 
till all is gone into it, and then your Water 15 

Take then of the prepared Calx of Gold one 
part, put it into a Glals body, and pour three 
parts of the above nnade Water upon it , and 
place it in warm A(hes, and the Gold will diflblve 
in it i but if it (hould not altogether be diffblved^ 
pour more fre(h Water upon it, and it will dif- 
folveall. This being done, pour it out into ano- 
ther Glafs, and \a it ftand till it become cold, 
and it will let fall fome Feces, which feparate by 
pouring the Water from them into another Glais, 
fct thisGlafs in B^l}ictim MarlcCy and put a Head 
upon k^ kt it fland in heat day and night, and 
more Feces will fettle, which feparate from it as 
before. Clofc up your Glais very well after you 
have put on the Head, and Lute another Glafs to 
the Head, and let it ftand for fourteen days in a 
gentle heat, that the Body may be well opened. 
This being done increafe the hre, and diltill off 
theFlegm to a thlcknefs, that it remain in the hot- 
tome line an Aqna vii^e' That which hath been ■ 
diliillcd, pour again into the body, having iirfl 
made it warm, and Lute again the Head to it, 
and let it ihnd to digcd a day and night. Then 
draw oM^ the Water again by diilillation , and 
pour it again warm upon it. Repeat this fo long 
till the Gold is come over altogether into a low 
fcody witha ilac boctonie. Put this fpirituali?.ed 


O/ Bafil Valentine^ 45 5 

olution of Gold again into a Glafs, and pour o^ 
: a confiderable quantity of Rain-water, putting 
lereto three parts of live Mercury to one 0^ 
rold : but you muft fqueeze firft the Mercury 
nrough a Leather, and ftir it very well together, 
nd you will fee many wonderful colours j and it 
ou do Repeat this, iHrring feveral times, thctc 
/ill fall an Amalgama to the bottome, and the 
Vater will become clear. 

This being done, decant the Water, and dry 
;cntly the Amalgama^ which having Edulccra- 
ed very well,put it upon a broad (hallow Earthen 
Matter, under a Cover, iiirr it about continually 
vith an Iron Wyar, till all the Quick-filvcr he 
umed away, and there will remain upon the 
Larthen Platter a very fair Powder ©f a purple 

ificrvpards ytu mnft prepare ynir Spirit of IVint 

rs>ith the Philofiphical Tartar , in the 

manner follorving* 

FIrft of all you are to know, that the Tartar of 
the Philofophers, whereby the Lock Is uu- 
o^ed, is not like unto common .Tartar, as many 
lo think --i but it is another Salt, and fpringcth 
rom one root \ and this is the orily Key to operr 
.nd to diflblve Metals, and is prepared as follow- 
^.Takc AQies of a Vine, which hath born GrapcSf 
hat have yeilded good Wincbmake cf them with 
varm Water as iTrong aLee, as poiFbly can be 
nade. when you have a coniiderable quantity ot 
his Lee, boil it away, and coagulate it to a diy- 
lefs, ^i^A there remaineth a reddilh Mattcr^ Fur 

4$ 4 ^^<^ AfdnualOperaiio}7<i 1 

this Matter into a Reverberating Furnace, and 
reverberate it for three days, or thereabouts, in an 
open fire, that the flame may play very well upon 
ir, aud iHr it continually, till the Matter is become 
whi^e. Afterwards diifolve this verberated Mat- 
ter in Fountain-water, and let it (ettle, pour off 
thd clear, and iiltre it, that all the Feces may be fe- 
parated, and coagulate it in a Glafs-body, and 
you will have a pure white Salt of Tartar, from 
which a true Spirit is drawn. 

Take nov/ high redihed Spirit of Wine^ fully 
freed from its flcgme \ put the fame into a Glafs- 
phiol, with as long a Neck as poilibly you can get. 
But hril of all put into it your Salt of Tartar, 
and then the Spirit to the iupereminency of three 
lingers > Lute a Head to the Phiol,and put there- 
to another Glafs, let it Ibnd in a gentle heat, th eil 
diftill gently oit the tkgme, and the Spirit of 
Tartar is opened by the Spirit of Wine, and by 
reafon of their reciprocal wonderful love, it 
comes over with the Spirit of Wine, and Is uni- 
ted with it. The remaining Feces , and fome 
Flegme ftaying behind with tlicm,* arc to be put 

This is now the right Spirit of Wine, where- 
with you may open that which the Lover of Art 
dcfiftth to know, for it is become penetrant by 

■ Take now the powder of Gold of a purple co- 
lour, and having put it into another Phiol, pour 
on it your Spirit of Winei) put it very clofe Lu- 
ted in a gentle heat, and it will extrad: the Sul- 
phur of Gold within »four and twenty hours, of 
^ high red colour like blo^d. Having done fo, 
that^it felothnot yeild sny Tind:ure more, pour 


^/ Ba/?! Valentine. 45 5 

off the Extradion very clear into a little GhCs- 
bbdy. The remainder is a white Calx, pour up- 
on this Calx the aforefaid Spirit of Wine, and let 
it (land in putrcfadion, having the Glafs well- 
ftopped for fourteen days and nights s and the Spi^ 
tit ot Wine will become of a white colour like 
milk, which pour off clear, and pour upon it frefh 
Spirit of Wine, let it ftand a day and night long*- 
er, and it will be coloured again, but not much '■> 
add this to the firfl:, and what remaineth da not 
dry, but leave it in the Glafs. Put the white Ex- 
tradion into a little body, and diftill the Flegme 
from it, till it be reduced to a (inall quantity. 

This being done, put the Glafs in a Cellar, and 
there will (hoot from it ^air :rii tranfparent Chry^. 
ftals, which having taken out, put the remainder 
again in a Cellar, and you will have more Chry-^ 
fta!s, whicli put together into a body cf Glafs, for 
it is the Sale of the PhiIo((>phers, and pour half 
the Extradion of the Sulphur of Gold upon 
them, and they v.ill dilTolve immediately, and 
melt like Butter in hot Water r And then diilill it 
together out of a Glafs-body in hot kitics-, and it 
will come over .together in u tbnii of a red Qyl, 
which tails to the hot tome, and the Spiri't cf Wiu^ 
fwimmeth upon the Cop whichfeparate trom ic 

This'isthe/rue Potable Gold, not reducible m" 
'to a body, and my ?h.ih]:i^ whereby I have carcc 
innumerable People, adminiltring bat three grain. 
of it in Wine. 

The ot^er half cf the Extracl:ion mufi ]Sz di 
fiillcd gently in B.%lnei) M,;r/> to a d rynefs, tlla 
the Spirit of Wine may bi: (epn-atcu. Pour 6i 
Tt this Oylof Gold, or Potable Go!d, and it cak 
eth up the powder in a momcn:, and bccom .s c 

Fi a miict 

45 6 The Manual Opeyatto/:s 

a much higher colour than ic was before h and this 
will diUblve in common Spirit of Wine, and o- 
ther Wine, as red as a Ruby v which conihntjy 
and wonderfully curcth all luch diftempers cf the 
body^ as have their original from within. 

Then take that ether part of Mercury of pure 
Gold, which you have kept, and pour all tnis, 
being its own Oyl, upon it : and dilMlby an A- 
lembick, but not too flrongly, and there comes 
over Tome Flegme, and the Oyl doth precipitate 
its ^vvn Mercury, and becomes white again, the 
greennefs being loll and gone. 

This work being done likewife, getaPhilofo- 
phical Igg , which the Philofbphers calJ their 
Heaven, and you will lind two parts of the Oyl 
in weight to one part ot the precipitated Mercu- 
ry. Put then the Mercury into a Glafs, and add 
the Oyl of Gold to it, Co that one part of ihe 
Glafs may be filled, and three parts remain empty* 
Seal it well, as Hermes teacheth, and put it into the 
threefold Furnace, Co that it ftand n(jt hotter than 
an Egg, which- is under a Hen to be Hatched h and 
the Matter will begin to putrihc within a month, 
and become very black > which when it doth ap- 
pear, it is then certain that the Matter is open by 
the putrefadiou, and you may be glad of that 
happy beginning. Increafe now the hrc to the 
fv.coiid degree, and the blaCiknefs will vanifh away 
in time, and change into many admirable colours. 
Thefe colours being gone likewife, increafe the 
tire to the third degree, and youi Glais will look 
like Silver, and the Rayes will become ponde- 
rous. Then increailng tlie fire to the fourth de- 
gree, the Fumes vv ill wcafe by little and JittJe, and' 
^our GluG will flnncas it were beict within with 


of Bafil Valentine. 45 7 

Cloth of Gold. Continue this fire, and the Rayes 
will difappear likewife^and there will be no more 
Ray's be iecn to rife, but you will fee your Mat- 
ter lye beneath like a brown Oyl, which at length, 
being become dry, doth appear like unto a Gn- 
nat, which is both fixed and liquid like Wax, pe- 
netrant like Oyl, and mighty ponderous. 

He that hath obtained this, may render thanks 
to God hisCreatour, for poverty hath forfaken 
him : Dileafts will fly from him, and wildome 
hath taken pcfleifion of him. For this noble 
Medicine is fuch a Stone, to ^hich nothing in the 
' world may be compared for virtue, riches, power, 
honour and mighty but it is to be preferred be- 
fore all earthly things, which the whole Univerfe 
doth comprehend. 

Having thus prepared yonr Medicine, it you 
intend to multiply it, you mutt proceed as tol- 
loweth. Take ot the prepared powder of Gold, 
of a purple colour, as you have done before, 
three parts. Add to it of the prepared Tindlurs 
one part, in a new Heaven, or Phil^bphers Egg •, 
feal it again Hermetically, and fct it into the Fur- 
nace, as before, and the Matter will unite it felt 
and dilTolvc, and be brought to pcrfcdion within 
thirty one days, which is a month, which other- 
wise will take up ten months. Thus you may 
multiply your Medicine in infiititmn^ io that you 
may perform things, which the world will account 

Th^ mofi High God and Crratour be blefTcd 
and praifed for evermore tor his unexprdiible be- 
nefits, and jil.ewife for all his "gifts and wildom he 
hath been pleaicd to bellow. 

li 3 Liftly 

4^>S rh^ A^dnual OperAtions 

Lartly, you nuift know, that this Medicine is a 
very fpititual and piercing one, which cureth any 
dilletnpers of this world, in all Creatures whar- 
ioever they be. One only grain of it being tak- 
en, ft penetrateth the whole body liSe a fume, 
chafeth out of the body all that is bad, and brings 
eth that that ys good in the room of it *, renew- 
eth the man, and maketh of him as it were a new 
man, which it prcfcrveth without any accidents to 
his Age, and the term prehxed by the mod: High. 
Contra tn jrtcm tnhn remed'mm non eft* 

This Medicine befng firit fermented with other 
pure Gold, doth likewife tinge many thoufand 
pirtsof all other Metals into very good Gold, 
as the the lad Key of mine, which is the twelfth, 
teachcth by a certain way and procefs,. whereby 
fuch Gold likewife bccometh fach a penetrant 
Medicine , that one part cf it doth tinge and 
tranfmute a thoufand parts of oher Metals, and 
much more beyond belief, into pcrtedt Gold* 
God be bleiled and praiicd both now and for ever- 
more. Amcif. 






Basil Val ei^tine, 

which he himf^lf hath annexed to his 


tor a fuller declaration of the fame. 

Jo make a true Spirit of JFlne* 

TAke Vinjim Adufium , 2v.d put it into u 
ftrong VelTd, which will ciidure the iir^i 
light it with a Match ot Brimrtone, and 
put quickly a Head of Iron or Copper upon 
it ^ and the true fiery Spirit will he reiolvcd into 
, a Water in the Receiver, which mufi be large. 
This is the true aereal fiery Spirit of Wine. 

li 3 • ^fi'^k 

4^o ' The Ma':ualOperations 

Spirit .of Mercery hy its fdf^ or Mcr- 

Put running Mercury into a Retort, and put 
to it a Receiver, which mull: ftand in a Glafs 
with Water in it. Dillill then, and the Spirit will 
precipitate it felf, and is rcfolved into a Water 
Pour out this Water, and put the Mercury, which 
incketh to the Neck of the Retort, back again m- 
to the Retort. Diftill and redific, till you have 
brought and reduced it to a Water. This Spirit 
of Mercury cureth alnnofr all diftempcrs , and 
doth extrad: the EfTcnce out of Minerals and 

A tin&ure both upon Men andMet(ils»i 

TAke the l|)iritiul Gold of a purple colpur? 
extract its Sulphur with diftilied Vinegar, fe- 
parate the Vinegar a>^ain from it, that it become 
a Powder. This Powder being dillblvcd in Spi- 
rit of red Mercury^ that is, Gold, put thereto 
Salt of Gold, and fix it. Thi^ is an Univcrfil 
Medicine for fick and difeafed bodies of Men, 
and likcwife to exalt Mttz\% to the highcft At- 

A Tin 

of Bafil Valentine, 451 

A 'tin^nre upsn JVhite> 

CAlcine Silver with Salt and Quick-lime, and 
extract its blew Sulphur, which elevate and' 
redlifie with Spirit of Wine, that it remain a Li- 
quor. DJlTolvc this in the white Spirit of Vitriol, 
md in the Spirit of Mineral Mercury. 

I do not underftand here the red Mercury, but 
the common white Mineral Mercury, cr rather 
that is extraded out of Vitriol. 

Fixit then, and you have an Univerfal Medicine 
againft all diitempcrs ^ and a Tinclure, which 
doth tip^e Lead, Pewter^ Mercury, and Copper 
into Silver. 

'to make an Ounce of Gold out of half an Ounce* 

TAke Spirit of Salt, redifie it with Spirit of 
Wine, that it become iweetiflir Pour this 
upen the Spiritual Gold of a purple colour, and 
it will extradt only the Soul or Sulphur of the 
Gold , but doth not touch the Body of Gold. 
The Sulphur of Gold doth graduate Silver into 
Gold yet no greater quantity of it, than there 
hath been ot Gold . The Body of Gold muif be 
as white as Silver- Reduce it upon a Cupel with 
Saturn, and a little Copper, and the white Body 
of Gold doth recover again its colour and pro- 
perty, and becometh good Gold. 


4^2 The Manual Operations \ 

♦ I 

7o maks the Mcrcttry of'GoU^ or the Fhilof^ 
phical Mercury. 

TAke the Gold of ^ purple colour , out 
which the Sulphur is already extra(2:ed, d\ 
gcft it with the following Water for a month 
then revive it ag^n by driving it through a Re- 
tort, \\\ the Neck whereof are to belaid thin Iron- 
plates, drive it into a Receiver with fomeWatei 
in it, and it runneth together, and becomethj 
quick Mercury of Gold. 

ihe Water is made as follon^cth* 

nj'^Akc Salt of Urine of Young Man, thai 
■* drinkcth nothing but Wine > and likewifc 
Salt of Tartar , and Sal-armoniac, ana. Let all 
this diflblve into a Xac^wox^ which red^ifie with 
Spirit of Wine, that it become very fweet. 

This is the Arcanum, wherewith the body ol 
Gold is reduced into a running Mercury. 

I'o maks ^he Salt of Gold. 

POur Gold three times through Antimony, 
beat it into thinPlates, and difTolve them in 
j4{jiia Ecgif. Diflblve likewife Salt of Tartar in 
Spirit of Wine, and dr^^vv off theFlegme, that it 
leirain like an Oyh With this Oyl precipitate 
your Gold, and {cparate again the Salt of Tartar 
from it by ablutions. Then reverberate it four- 
teen days. Pour upon this Calx of Gold^diftil- 


of Bafil Valentine. 4^5 

^ei Vinegar, let it boil gently a day and night, and 
the Vinegar doth diflblve the Salt of the Rever- 
berated Gold. W^hat remaineth in the bottome 
undiffolved , mult be reverberated again eight 
days. Then boil it again in new Vinegar, put 
this afterwards to the hrfl folution. If any thing 
remaineth yet behind, it muft be reverberated 
eight days more, till the body is gone into the 
Vinegar. Then draw^ off the Viiaegar in Baheo 
Mari£^ and you have the Salt of Gold in a yel- 
lov^ifh powder, which cureth all diftempers- 





of things 
Natural & Supernatural* 


Of the Firft Tinaurc, Root, and 

Spirit of Metals and Minerals ^ how 

they are Conceivcd^RipenedjBrought- 

forth. Changed, and Augmented. 


Difcoveredby L afil v dentine Fryer of the 
Order of the SenediBs. 


Printed by 5. G. ScB, G. for Edward Br err. 

i?/r 3 at the Crane in Saint Pauh 

Church-jiard , i 6y o. 

0/ Bafil Valentine- 4^7 

C H A p. T. 

Of th Ings N.z tura I and SHfemitmaU 

BEcaufe i purpofe to wHte of the Firft Tin 
drare, and Root of Metals and Minerals, 
and to give an account of their fpirituaf 
ElTence, how the Metals and Minerals 
ere in the beginning fpiritually conceived, and 
orporally brought forth : It is therefore necella- 
y to pfemifc foniething, and to inform you \\i 
ew words, tbat all things art divided into Natir-i 
al and SupernaturaU ■ and whatibever is Vifibe, 
"omprehenfible, and Formal, ^the fame is Natu- 
'al : But that which islncomprehcnlibie and Spi- 
itual, the fame is Supernatural, and muft be ap° 
)rchended and judged of by Faith •, as there .is 
he Creation, and lirit of all the Eternity of God; 
vhich is Infinite, Hnfearchable, and Unmeafura^ 
[)le, which Nature is not capable of, neither caif 
humane reafon cemprdiend it. Tiiis now is Su- 
jernatural, which tranfcendeth rea(bn, and is ap". 
!)rehended by Faith, which therefore isaDiviiie' 
hing, and belongcthtcTDivhiity, which j.udgeth 
)f Mens fouls. 

Secondly, and moreover there belong to Sa-' 
)ernatural things the Angels of God, which have 
larified bodies, and do perform fuch thnig$liy 
)ermiiiion of their Greatour, which othe-ryi^ifc 
loCrcafure is able to da, becaufe their vvorks art? 


4^<^ The ManudOpe'^aiions 

hidden from the eyes of all the World s as like- 
wife the works of the hellifh Spirits and Divels 
arc abftrafe, which they work by the Providence 
of the mofi high God. But above all the great 
works of God are found and difcovered to be 
Supernatural, becaufe they cannot be com- 
prehended , nor judged of by the thoughts of 
Men •, as there is cfpecially the mercy of God, and 
his great benefits, which out of his tender Love 
hellieweth unto, and bcibweth upon Mankind, 
which indeed no Man is capable to difcem and 
know comprchenfi vely : And likevvife other great 
Miracles wrought at liindry times by Chrili our 
.Saviour and Redeemer, to the confirmation of his 
Omnipotcncy and Majcfty : As where he had 
raifed Ljlz^ths from the dead^ and hkewife the 
Daughter of Jaims Ruler of the Synagogue, 
iind then the 5on of the Widow of Nain* He 
hath made the Dumb and Spcechlefs to Speakj 
the Deaf to Hear, the Blind to See » which iur 
deed are uU Supernatural things, and wonderful 
works of God: As alfo his Concepnon,Rcfurre- 
dion, Defcenfion to Hell, and A fcenfion to Hea- 
ven > which are too high and abllrufe for Nature, 
and are to be attained unto^only by Faith. 

Amonglt Snpernatural thiugs are likewife to 
hz counted E/i/^yand E/iffc/Z/Arcenlicn into Hea- 
ven, the Rapture of Saint VauU who was takcB 
up into the third Heaven in the Spirit. Furtlier-- 
more, tlure are many Supernatural things p^r 
formed by Lnagiintiou, Dreams, and Viiions,as 
very often many Miracles are wrought by Imagi 
nation, as the fpeckled and fpotted Sheep were 
conceived by t!\\Q, fpcdiled Sticks laid in the Water 
'I'iie wile Men from the Ea ft were warned by God 


Of Balii Valentine. 4^? 

in a Dream, not to return again to Herod* Their 
three Perfons hkewKe , and their three Gifts 
and Prefents, have a peculiar and myftical fence i 
as alfothe Supernatural Star. And indeed the 
Dream of Piht's Wife, who falfly Conde mned 
Jefus Chrift our Lord and Saviour, hath not been 
Natural. Neither can the Vifion of the Holy An- 
gels , vi'ho appeared to the Shepheards at the 
Nativity of Chrift , and to the Women , who 
came to the Sepulcher of Chrii^, to fee where his 
Body was laid, be accounted Natural. 

Moreover ,there have been often wrought many 
Supernatural things by the Prophefies of the 
Saints and Prophets. Thus was the voice of the 
Afs that fpoke to Bllcam^ not agreeable to com- 
mon Nature-, and interpretation of Dreams by 
Jofefb was likewife Supernatural God preferv- 
eth us many times by his holy Angels, from great 
and (ad accidents, and delivereth us from peril? 
and dangers, which otherwife naturally would 
be impolliblc. 

All this, and what elfe there may be, doth be- 
long to Divinity and Heavenly things, and are to 
be regarded by the foul. There are befides thefc 
other Supernatural things of the vifible Creatures 
of God, as we do find, fee, and difcern iu the 
Firmament, Planets, and Stars, together with the 
Elements, which indeed are beyond our reafon, 
their courfe only being obferved by the fpeculati- 
on of Arithmetick. This now belongeth to A- 
flronomy, and is a vifible , neverthelefs incom- 
prehenfible being, performing its operation mag- 
i netically , wherein likewife many miracles are 
difcovered and found, which are altogether Su- 
pernatural. For you are to underiland, that Hea- 

4^o The Manual Operauons 

ven worketh upon the .Earth , and the Eart^ 
keepeth correfpondency with Heaven : for the 
Earth hath likewife feven Planets in it, which are 
brought forth and wrought upon by the (even 
Heavenly Planets, only by a fpiritnal impreifion 
and infufion 5 and in this manner all the Mine- 
rals are wrought by tlie Stars. This now is done 
fpiritually beyond our apprcheufion, and there- 
fore to be accounted not Natural, in the manner 
t)t two, that are enamoured. The Men are vifi- 
ble, the Love is invilible, which they bear one to 
another. The Body of Man is Spiritual and Na- 
tural j but the Love is Invilible, Spiritual, Incom- 
prehenfible, and Supernatural, comparable to no- 
thing elfe then to a Magnetical attradion. For 
the invifible Love, which out ot alfedion is ipi- 
ritually attradcd by imagination, is perfeded by 

In like manner, when Heaven bearcth love to 
the Earth, and the Earth hath love, inclination, 
and atfedion tor Manias the great World for the 
little one, becaufe the little World is taken out of 
the great, and vvh_n the Earth through the de- 
fire of an inviiible imagination doth attrad: fuch 
Love of the Heavens, then is there a conjundion 
made of the Supcriour with the Inferiour, like 
unto a Husband and his Wife, which ate account- 
ed one body : And after fuch a conjundion the 
Earth becometh impregnated by ihch infulion of 
t\\Q fuperiour H:aven, and beginneth to bear a 
birth,, according t^ the infulion, which birth is 
ripened, after ics conception, by the Elements, 
and is digeitcd to a perfed maturity. This is 
iikcwife numb] e.l and accounted amougll: Supcr- 
mtural things, viz* ho v i\\Q 5upernauiral . Ef- 


of BMVakntm^. ^7i 

fence doth, perform its operation upon the Na- 

Thete arc furthermore numbred amongft Su- 
pernatural things, all Magical and Cabaliftical 
things, beini^ ilibjedt thereunto, which do fpring 
from the hght of true knowledge ■-, not fuch as 
have their original from 5uperltition, or unlaw- 
ful conjuration ufed bythoie that Conjure the 
Devil. This Magick is here not underliood by 
Me •, but f.ich as was prac^ifed by thofe wi(c Men 
or Magi, which came from the Eaft, who gave 
their judgment of things by the infpiration of 
God, according to the true and unforbidden Art, 
which likewife was ufed by the Ancients, the 
Egyptians and Arahians^ who before Writing was 
invented, did note, obferve," and remember their 
things by Signs and Characters. 

Neither is the ufe of fuch Blcffings forbidden, 
which Chrifi th^ Son of God himlclf did make 
uie oi\ as the Scripture doth tell us . And he took 
the Children, laid his hands upon them , and 
bieJfed them. But thofe that are aj^ainft God, 
and hisWord, are juitly to be rejeded, and not 
£0 be permitted, for they are not Divine, but Di- 
vellifl-i ■-> but fuch Supernatural things, Vvhich arc 
not contrary to God, nor his holy Word, they 
belong to Magick, which is no: way -hurtful to 
the^Soul. , : : ^ :-;:{ ^ ! : 

Concerning Viiions, Apparitions, and the like, 
for they have oftentimes happened unto Hoiy 
Men, they are likewife defei-vedjy counted a- 
mongil: not Natural things.Fcr vvhatfocvcr aMau 
may apprehend by fpcculation and rcaibning, that 
is Supernatural , on the contrary,^ whatfocvcr lie 
may handle, fse, and feel, that is Natural. 

Kk T'- '■•■ 

A^% The Manual OperatioKS 

Thirdly , The third part of things Natural 
and Supernatural, doth condit in the Medicine or 
Phyfick, arifing out of every ones hidden power 
and virtue > which Medicine made, of any thing, 
inuii tirft be expelled out of a Vifible, Palpable, 
and Natural Body , and be reduced unto a Spiri- 
tual,Exaltcd,and Supernatural Operation : that (b 
the Spirit, which in the beginning was infufed 
into, and granted to that body for its life, may 
beunlockt, and rendred penetrant to work, as a 
fpiritual Erfence and Fire, to which there are left 
its Vent-holes to burn, and fo findeth no Obfta- 
cle that might choak, fuppreis, or hinder the 
burning life : Otherwifc where the reparation of 
the Soul and Spirit from the Body doth not go' 
before, there can no operation of any efficacy or 
advantage follow, according as necellity requi- 
reth : For whatlbcver is vifible, palpable, and un- 
feparajed bodily, is natural and corporeal » but as 
foon as the fcparation is made , that which is 
quick leaveth the dead, recovereth its perfect ope- 
ration, and, becauij; the natural body is leparated 
the fpiritual Eflcnee is loofened and freed to pc^ 
netrat, and is become a fpiritual Supernatural Me_ 

Tofumm up all, all things, nothing excepted, 
that may be handled and telt arc Natural, but 
they mufi be made Supernatural, in cafe a Medi- 
cine be prepared out of them. For the Superna- 
tural alone hath in it a lively and quick virtue to 
work, but the Natural hath but a dead palpable 
form. For when Adam v/as Created, he was 
dead, and had uo lite of any virtue i but as foon 
as Li.e operating, quickuing fpirit cntred into 
huu-, h. fi^.ewcd his lively virtue a»d power by Su- 


( of Bahl Vaientinc. 4^3 

per natural admiration. In every thing there- 
fore, both 'Natural and Supernatural are copula- 
ted as one, and joyned together in their habitati- 
on, that every thing may be perfcd. For of all 
things created in the whole World, fomc are Su- 
pernatural, as concerning only things Spiritual 
and of the Soul: but fome are Natural and Su- 
pernatural together, as concerning the Elements 
and the Firmament \ and fuch are the Minerals, 
Vegetables, and Animals ; Which is difcerned 
and found fo to be, when thele are feparated one 
fromithe other, that the Soul goeth out of the 
body V , and the Spirit forfaketh its foul, and leav-' 
cth'the body an empty habitation. 

You are furthermore to underltand andtoob- 
ferve, that both the great and the little World arc 
made, formed, and created out of one and the 
{amefirlt Matter, by an iniinite and omnipotent 
EiTence, in the beginning at that time, when the 
Spirit of God moved upon the Water, who had 
been from all eternity without beginning. The 
great World, that /s, Heaven and Earth, was 
made firlt \ and then the little World, which is 
. Man, was made and foapicd out of the great, and 
4he Water feparated from the Earth. Th.^ Wa- 
.tcr was the Matter, upon which tiie evcrlalting 
Spirit of God moved ; out of the nobleit Earth, 
asitsquintelfence, was formed the litt'e World, 
through the aquofity, which as yet was with the 
Earth, and all this was only Natural : But after 
the infpiration of the warm Divine breath, there 
eame prefentiy the Supernatural to it, that lb 
Natural and Supernatural were united and copu- 
lated. The great World is traniitory, though 
there (hall be anew Earth or World v but the iic- 

Kk 2 x\c 

^74 Th^ A'fannal Opfrations 

t Ic World is. everlafling. The great tranlTtory 
created World will be reduced into nothing, as 
it hath been made out of nothing : But the little 
World will bcclarified by the Spirit cf God, be- 
caufe he hath the poireiiion pt iu,and will make out 
of the firiV terreftrial Water, an heavenly claiiticd 
Water. Then will folloWjthat t^e firft Matter hath 
been changed into the lail, and the lalt Matter is 
made the hrft again. The rcafon why the great 
World istranfitory, is, becaule the Spirit of God 
doth not keep his (eat and habitation in the great, 
but in the little World : For the-Man is the Tem- 
ple of the Holy Gholi, except he maliciouily do 
dehle himfelf to Hell-fire > that fo there might 
be a diiferencc, and that Spirit remain in the licile 
World , which he hath tormed after his own 
Image, and made it a holy Temple. Befides 
this, there are all things in the little \VorJd,which 
are found in the great, viZ' Heaven and Earth, 
together with the Eknieiits, and what bclongeth 
to them of the Firmament. 

We do find likewife, that in the firii Creation, 
which was out of nothing^ there did ariic three 
Things*, an Eiknee like to the Soul, and a ;6'piri- 
tual, and a Vilible one, which did preient a Mer- , 
curial Wa^er,' a fulphureous iieam of Brimitone, ] 
and a ttrreftvia! S^k* Thefe three ^^ve a com- ' 
pleate and ' perfed:,' palpablu'and tormal body to 
all things, wherein efpecially are found all the 
fourEleiiiencs pertcdt. But of this 1 have alrea- 
dy made mention in my Writings, but more par 
^ ticularly in a Book of mine 'de'MicrocoJhw* 
•• ' But ro fpeak (cracthingmore of Natural an 
^upernatutdj things, botn Spiritual and Corpb 
r aij ws dat^d. that the Woman of CJnaan wa 


c/B.ifil Valentine.; 4-5 

cui'cd of her Bloody Hux, which .had lafied, 
twelve years, by a touching only, having only, 
touched the Garment of the .9oii of God * which 
diftemper of hers was Natural, but the Medicine 
was 5'upernatural, becaufc fne had obtained this 
remedy of Chrilt the Lord by her taith. In like 
manner do we fee an excellent, high fupernatural 
Miracle in thoie three Men, Sudrach^ Meficb^ and . 
Ahcdnego^ who being caft into the iiery Furnace, 
by the commandemeiit of King Mchucbadnczary 
where miraculouily without any hurt delivered 
by Gods mighty power, I)^n*^> 

Thus liKcwifc the confufion of Tongues, and 
infusion of ieveral Languages, which happened 
at the foolifh Building of the Towqr ot B-jbel:, 
which fliould reach to Heaven, hath been reputed 
a Supernatural Wonder and Miracle. Further- 
more it was a Supernatural Sign, that thofe If- 
raclms^ which fhould hght agaiiit the Army of 
the Midiariitcs , according to Gods command, 
mult lap of the Water with their. Tongues as a 
Dog lapp-th. And the fending abroad of the 
Dove out of the Ark of Njah^ which brought 
with her a green Olivc-leaf, as a token of mercy, 
was a Divine and Supernatural MefTage. That 
the holy Man of God Mojh did llrike with his 
Staff tne hard Rock, "and the Waters gufhed out 
of it at this liroak dorh tranfcend humane reaibn. 
And it is no lefs Supernatural, that the S'llt-wate 
muft become a fweet Water fit to be drunk. An^| 
like wife the dry pailagc of tbcIpacUtcs tbrougi^ 
the Red-{eaj and that Aarons 5caff did bloiTom.e' 
are all Supernatural things. 

To Rimm up all, that Chriii the Eternal Son o 
God did riile himlelf out of the Sepuicher 
K k 3 ihroi-g: 

47^ '^^^ Manual Ofer At torn 

through the fealed Stone : That he appeared to 
the two Difciples that went to Emaus : And tliat 
he manifefted himfelf to his Difciples, the Doors 
being fafi; and fhut, thefe are things Divine and 
5'upernatural. I could alledge more Exan-pleS 
out of the Holy ^'cripture, hut I fhall pafs them 
over for brevity's fake. 

Amongft Supernatural things are likewife 
numbred allfuch figns as happen in Mines, of bo- 
dily Apparitions of Spirits, Images, Fairies, and 
Dwarts, which in feveral kinds vifibly do ap- 
pear, and do prognofticate either good or bad 
fuccefs, ruin or riches : As alfo all the Figures of 
Metals, and other (hapes which are found in the 
Earthy of Men, Fifhes, and other Beafts, framed 
and formed through the imagination of the three ) 
Principles, but digeftcd and ripened by the Earth 
and other Elements, Whereunto do belong like- ■ 
wife the Mon/ters of the Earth, and fuch things ■ 
as are found in the Earth at fomc certain times, 
of a wondertul form and (hape, after the exfpi- 
ration of which times they are not to be iound, 
and yet on another time they do appear again. 
To thefe we may refer all fuch (hapes as are (een 
by means of Water, Looking-glaffes, Chryftals, 
and the like > as alfo by Sigils and Chara^ers, 
which yet are of a dirferent nature. For fome 
ire Natural only , and yet yeild Supernatural 
fhapcs : But other fome'are produced by Conju- 
ration, which are neither Natural nor Superna- 
tiirai, but divellifh j and therefore they belong 
to Witchcraft, and pious Chriftians are prohibited 
to pradife them : As likewife all fuch means, as 
art contrary to the Holy Scripture, Gods Word 
and Compandements, arc juftly rejeded and re-: 



c/BafiJ Valentine. 47; 

futed by the true natural Cabalifts. I dp (peak 
rhis,^ that you may make a due difference, and a 
certain order of Natural, Supernatural, and not 
Natural things. 

Of the number of Supernatural things are like- 
wife all water Spirits, as Syrens^ Sucmhi^zvid other 
water Nymphs, and what belongs to them. As 
alfo the Spirits that are inhabitants of the Earth, 
andthofeof theFire, which are heard, feen, and 
perceived > which bring fometime^ tidings of 
death, or fome other miichance i and fometimes 
do fhew, in certain places, riches and treafare, by, 
their Apparition. To which you may add^j^ 
Spirits of Fire, which do appear in the (hape of 
I Fire, or form of a burning. Candle i which in- 
J deed are all Spir'ts, and have impalpable bodies : 
but they are not fuch Spirits as thofe Spirits of 
Hell, which do hunt after Mens fouls, as the mofc 
precious jewel » as hellifh Lucifer, the Devil and 
his complices do, which have been call out with 
him : But they are fuch Spirits, which above Na- 
ture are the objedts of Mens admiration, and live 
only by the Elements, and are fuftained and fed by 
them, and with the diifolution of this Terreftrial 
World, will be annihilated and vanifh away, be- 
caufe there is no redeened foul in them. I (hall 
not infift longer upon this, but leave a further de- 
claration of thefe circumftances for anothei>occa- 
fion, when I fliall give you a fmgular account uf 
Vifions, and Shapes, and Spiritual Apparitions, 
which by the greater part of the W©rld are ac- 
counted to be not Natural, and yet are truly Na- 
tural, but they are found Supernatural in thqir 
pperation and wonderful quality. 
> For the further contjrmation of my purpofe, 1 

Kk 4 ^» 

47^ The Manual Operations 

do fay, that there are many things to be f6un(^ m 
Medicine , which do fliew forth and perform 
their operation Supernaturally, after a magnetical 
manner, working only by an attradive fpiritiial 
power^ which is attracted through the Air v be- 
caufe the Air is the medium betwixt the Medicine, 
and the difeafe or diftemper. Like as the Load- 
ftone always longeth for, and turneth it ^t\i to 
its Star, though this Star be sr^anythoufandmi^es 
diltant from it, yet is the fpiritiial operation and 
aifedion (b powerfnl betwixt thefc two, that they 
are drawn together by that mcdiuvh the Air, at fo 
great and vart a difiance. But becaufe this attra- 
ctive Power is generally acknowledged by all 
Men, it is grown a meer Cuftomc, and (6 it is 
held, and nothing more of abftrufenefs obferv- 
ed, what the original is of this operating pow- 

In like manner may diftempcrs and fores be 
cured ard healed,though the Patient and the Pl^y- 
llcian be far enough diliant one from the other, 
not by Benfdidions or Conjurations, and other 
unlawful prohibited means, which are contrary 
to God and Nature 5 but by fuch means, wherein 
there is a magnetical attractive power to perform 
fuch tilings. As when a Patient goeth away, and 
Icaveth the Weapon wherewith he hath been 
wounded, or fome of the blood which ilTued 
forth from the wound, with the Phyfician \ if he 
do proceed orderly uling the right means , as 
one ufcth in binding up and dreiiing of a wound, 
he will certainly recover his former health. This 
isno Witchcraif, but this healing is performed 
by tb,c attractive power of the Medicine, which 
by means^ of the Air is coilvtyed to the wound, 


of Bafil Valentine. 479 

and thereby cleanfed, for tfee performing of this 
Ipiritual operation. 

ThefeExprellions will fecm hard to many, and 
impoilible to Nature, and m^any will fay this Re- 
lation is againft Nature, whereby they will be 
moved ro difpute and to argue this queftion5whe- 
ther it be Natural, or no ? whether it be Poiiible, 
or no ? or whether this Cure be not Witch- 
craft ? 

I (hall compofe this difference thus ; That this 
Cure is Natural, but the operation of the Cure is 
Supernatural and Spiritual, becaufe it is perform- 
ed only in an attradive incomprehenfible manner. 
And that this manner of curing or healing is no 
Vv itchcratt, I do demonflrate thus, becaufe it is 
not mixed with any Witchcraft, nor any other 
mxans, which are either unnatural, or contrary 
to God the Creatour, and his holy alone (aving 
Word-, but only Natural, out of their Superna- 
tural, invifible, incomprehenfible, fpiritual, and 
attractive power, which hath its original from 
the Stars, and performeth its operation through 
the Elements. 

Laftly, That this Cure is no Witchcraft, I do 
prove thus h becaufe the Devil takes rather a de- 
light and pleafure in the fad mifchances of man- 
kind, than that he (hould adminifter any help for 
the wcllfare of Men : which befides he cannot 
pollibly perform without Gods providence and 
gracious pcrmiilion. 

Much more might be written of this magrjc- 
ticalforiE, but to prevent divtrs errors, I will let 
it alone, till I come to (peak fomething dc Mira- 
culis Naturdlbus , or Natural Miracles of the 

^^ o The Mayiual Oporations . 

' Thofe grofs and filly Head-pieces, which nc- 
vathekfs de account themfelves to be very wife 
Mafters of Philofophy, and all fuch as have not 
the perfed ufe of their fences, cannot find any dif- 
ference in thefc things. But he that is wife apd 
iinderftanding, knoweth to diftinguifh the Natu- 
ral from the Supernatural. For do but obferve 
snd confider this finnilitude, to dcmonftfate the 
truth of this thing by a rude example, that there 
are found many bealis, which die m the Winter, 
and lie dead, fo that there is no life to bedifcern- 
ed in them : But as foon as the warm Summer 
doth draw nigh, the natural heat giveth them a 
new life, that theroputed Carcafe is fully revived 
in the fame fublbnce, it hath had in its living mo-^ 
tion. Like an Herb, which dieth in Winter, and 
doth appear new and fre(h again in the Spring. 
Now the dying of fuch things is to be counted 
Natural, but the relbring them to a new life is 
in its knowledge Supernatural. But becaufe Men 
are uicd to theie things, therefore the leall: part 
of thtra doth regard that which deferveth a fur- 
ther enquiry, and give over the thoughts ofthings 
both Natural and Supernatural. 

Moreover , the grtateft part of Men do pafs by 

inbred and natural difpofitions, which are likewife' 

Supernatural s as alio abortions, and fuch as bring 

lome tokens with them into the World, which 

indeed are Natural, but through the occafioned 

nnagniation (hew themfelves Supernatural, which 

ilipernatural form, and fupernatural impreilions 

have been produced by the Iv^ other of the Cnild 

through thoughts ariiing, which unawares, and 

as it were by accident have happened unto her. 

As we do tee and had many a time, than many 


cf Bafil Valentine. 481 

Men have naturally in:ibred geftures, which they 
are never able to leave, though they endeavour it 
' never fo much. This imbred thing is Natural, 
but the conception in the Mothers womb, cai'fcd 
by the imagination of luch a thing, is Srpcrnatu- 
raL and fubjec^ to that which is made by the im- 
preliion of Hcuven. 

Finally, if you will fay that it 'if not true, that 
any one can defend that which is Supernatural, 
with certain grounds and reafons, except he hath 
learned the Natural, which hath its original and 
form from the Supernatural 5 yet he will (after 
he hath ftudied it; by a certain invented experi- 
ment be capable to demonftrate that he is a con- 
querour of thofe that w^ill not believe that which 
is Supernatural, and confute thofe that do pre- 
fume to difpute of Natural things, and becaufe 
they are ignorant of the foundation, do nothing 
but talk^idlely, and quarrel unproffitafely. 


Of the firft tinclurc^ the Root .•/ MetaL 

1*0 return to my purpofe and undertaking, 
which is to difcourfe by Gods permilfion, and 
to give an account of the hrft Tindure, the Pvoot 
and Birth of Metals and Minerals ^ it is to be ob- 
ferved, that the Tindure, whiv.h is the Root of 
all Metals, is likewife a Supernatural flying hery 
Spirit, having its fuftcnance in the and looking 
naturally for its habitation in the Earth and 
Water, where it m.ay reft and work. " And this 
Spirit is found in all Metals, and more abundant 
in other Metals than Gold : For the Geld is very 


4.8 2 7 'he Manual Operations 

clofe, folic!, and conipad, by reafon of its well 
digeftcd, ripened, and fixed body '■, therefore it 
can no more enter into the body, than the body 
doth need. But other Metals have not fuch a 
fixed body, but their pores are open and difper- 
fed, therefore can the tinging Spirit abundantly 
more penetrate and pofTefs them , but becaufe the 
bodies of other Metals are unhxed, the Tindure 
likewife cannot Oay withthefe unfixed bodies^but 
muft go out of them. And being the Tindtuie 
of Gold doth in no other Metal abound tnorc 
than in Iron and CoppLr, as Husband and Wite, 
their bodies are deftroyed, and the tinging Spirit 
from thence expelled , which breedeth much 
blood in the opened prepared Gold, and by its 
feeding doth make it volatile* Therefore when 
the volatile Gold is filled by its meat and drink, 
it taketh up its own blood, doth dry it up througli 
its own internal fire, with help and addition of a 
moift l?re, and is again a conqueft, which doth 
fix, nay, prod uceth the higheftfixednefs, Co that 
the Gold becometh a high fixed Medicine, and 
cannot make a body again, by the reafon of the 
fiiperabundant blood, except there be added to it 
a iuperfluous body, into which the abundant fix- 
ed blood doth difperfe it felf, which joyned me- 
tallick body is penetrated by the exceeding great • 
heat of the fixed blood of the Lion , like fire 
cleansed from all impurity, and immediately ri- 
pened to a perfect maturity and fixednefs : That 
thus the Servant enricheth firit his Lord and Ma-* , 
iter, becaufe the Lord cannot fparc of his clotii 
to give away, by reafon that Nature hath granted 
him but one only Salt of Honour > and the K/ ,^^.; 
can diftribute again the luheritaiiwC, ani Coui" ^ 


Of Bafil Valentine. 4^3 

oths of his Kingdome to his Servants, after he 
ath hrft taken and gathered the Tribute ct" his 
ubjcdi 5 that (6 the MaltLr and Servant may fky 
d continue together. Nor need you to wcn- 
r at this, that the King mi 'it borrow of his Ser- 
ants, becaufe their bodies are not fixed and per- 
manent, for they take up much, and can keep but 
mall credit. But if the King can participate of 
!t, hecan better overcome heat and frolt, xhzw 
e leprous Metals. And thus he becometh by this 
participation a Regent and Conquerour, particu- 
larly of all others5with great vidtory and triumph 
)f riches and health to a long life. 

I fhope you have underftood and learned e^ 
lough for the beginning of this difcourfe of Natu- 
ral and Supernatural things.and the hrft Tindure, 
he Root of Metals and Minerals, whereupon 
the Corner-ftone is placed, and the true Rock in 
general is founded, wherein Nature hath placed, 
and concealed, or buried her abitrufe and deep 
hidden gift, :;iz. in the fiery and tinged Spirits, 
which Tindfure they got from the ftarry Heaven, 
by the operation of the Elements, and are Fnade 
able further to tinge and to fix, that which had 
no tindture, and was unfixed before : becaufe 
thatL?/«e w^anteth the fuit of the golden Crown> 
together with the fixednefs, as alfo Sdturn^ 1^2'^' 
terj^ndMermry. And though Af<;?rx and l^enm 
do not want this clothing, but may communicate 
the fame to the other five > yet do I fay, that they 
can do nothmg for the gaining of riches w^ith- 
out the Lion, becaufe they are not for their need, 
provided with the fixednefs of their Mercury, 
and the flexiblenefs of their Salt y except the 
; Lion bath oyercom.e them in the fight, and they 


are notably mended and bettered which meliora' 
tion lyeth hidden in the fignate Star, or their; 
Loid-llone, from which all the Metals have re- 
ceived their gifts. ^ 

I do proceed, and in Specie pafs to the birth; 
and to the generation, how the Arch^m doth 
(hew and pour forth its power, and difplayeth! 
it, by which all theJMetallick and Mineral forms ' 
are expofed to the vievv^ and are made forma), 
palpable, and corporeal, through the Mineral,, 
incompreheniible flying, fiery Spirits* Further- \ 
more, you are to know, and with all diligence to ' 
obterve, not to pafs by with oblivion that which i 
is of great concernment, nor to look over that ' 
which is moft advantagious, and on the contrary 
to note all along the meer writing, not regarding 
the drift and fcope : For of that I do write here,! 
the highclt will be undoabtedly accounted and e- 
itemed by many the loweii:, and the llighefl the 
highell myilery. 

Firii: of all yen are to know, that all the Me- 
tals and Minerals of the Earth have one only 
Matter, and one only Mother, by which they in 
general alrogether have received their conception, 
and perfeci: bodily birth. And this Matter,' 
whicn c )meth from the Center, doth divide it 
k[\. in the k^giuning into three parts, to'produce 
(unx; corporeal thing, and a certain form of eve- 
ry Metal. Thele three parts are i<zd and nourifli- 
ed by the Elements in the Earth out of its body,' 
till they become pcrted. But the Matter, which! 
luth its original from the Centre, is framed by. 
the Stars, wrought by the Elements, formed ' by 
that which is TerrcMrial, and is a known Mat- 
te., and the true Mother of Metals Apd Minerals^; 


Of Bafil Valentine- 485 

and is fuch a Matter and Mother, out of 

ivhkh Man himfelt hath been conceived, born, 

lourKhed and made corporeal : And may be al- 

ogether compared to the middle World h for 

.vhatfoever is in the great World, that is likewile 

n the little, ai^d whatfoever is in the little World, 

hat is likewife in the great : And thus wliat is in 

:he great and little World together, that is found 

ikewife in the middle World, which joyneth tik 

^eat and the little World, aixi is a foul, which 

ioth unite and copulate the fpirit with the body. 

This Soul is compared to Water, and is indeed a 

■ight true Water, yet doth it not wet like o.her 

i/Vater, but it is an heavenly Water, found dry in 

'. Metallick liquid fubftance, and a Soul Inkc Wa- 

er, which loveth all Spirits, and doth unite them 

vith their bodies, and brin^eth them to a per- 

ed: life. Therefore it is certain, that the Water 

5 a Mother of all Metals, which being heated by 

vtarm Aereal fire, as is the Spirit of Sulphur, 

)ringeth life into the Tereltrial body through its 

ipening, wherein the Salt is apparently toimd, 

vhich doth preferve from putrcfadion, that no- 

hing may be confamed by corruption. In the 

eginning, and in the birth is wrought iirftof all 

he Quick-iilver, which yet lyeth open with a 

jbtil coagulation, becaule there is but little ot 

he vSalt communicated to it i whereby it (hcw- 

th more a fpiritual, than a corpcnreal body. Oth.r 

Petals, which are all derived from its ElTcncf', 

nd have more Salt, wliich maketh them corpo'"^ 

eal, do follow after- this. I be^in wicli the Spi- 

it of Mercury, 


^S6 Tke ManudOperaiiom 


Of the Spirit of Mercury. 

ALthough I do ufe a peculiar (lile in my Writ- 
ings, which will feem very (trange to many^, 
yet there is fufficitnt cauCe for ir. It is fufficient, 
I fay, to infift upon my Experience, and not to 
regard other mens idle Tpeeches, becaufe Iihavc 
attained to the knowledge of thcfe things, and 
ieeing'goeth always before hearing i, and 'that 
which hath its foundation is preferred before that 
which hath no ground at all. Therefore, I fa/J 
that all vifible, and palpable things are made ou( 
of the Spirit of Mercury, whicli is beyond alj 
the Terreftrial things of the whole World, and af 
things are made out of it, and have their origi- 
nal from it. For therein is all to be found, thai 
can do all, what the Artift doth defe to enquin 
into. It is the Principle to work Metals, bein^ 
made a fpiritual Effence, which is a nicer Air, an 
flyethi to and fro without Wings, and is amoving 
Wind, which after its expuliion out of its habi- 
tation by Vnlcan-i is driven into its Ch.ios^ int^ 
which it entreth again, and doth refolve it ielf 
into the Elements, where it is attradted by tiie 
Stars, after a'magnetical manner, out of love, 
from whence it went forth, and was wrought outj 
before, becaufe it delireth to be united again with' 
its likcr But when this Spirit of Mercury can be 
taken, and made corporeal, it doth then refolve 
it felf into a body, and becometh a clear, fair, and 
traFifparent Water, which is true Ipiritual Water, 
and the Jirll Mercurial Root of Minerals and Me-| 


of m[\i vaJentme. ^ 7 

tals, rpiritual,unperccivcable, incombufliblc, with- 
out any commixtion of the Terrefirial aquolity* 
It is that heavenly Water, of which much hath 
been written. For by this Spirit of Mercury all 
Metals may be, if need requireth, difTolved, open- 
ed, and without any corrolive reduced or refolved 
into their firlt Matter. This Spirit renewcth both 
Men and Beift, like the Eagle •-> conlumeth \n hat- 
focver is bad, and pvoduceth a great Age to a long 
life. This Spirit of Mercury is the chiet Key of 
all my other Key's, of which 1 liave written in 
the beginning. Therefore will I call, Come ye^ 
bleifcd of the Lord, be ye anointed with Oil, and 
refreOied with Watef : Embalme your bodies, 
that th'^y miy not • patriae, get a bad fent and 
iftink: For the heavenly Water is the beginning, 
I and the Oil a medium, which doth not burn, be- 
caufe it is made out of a fpiritual Sulphur s and 
the balibme of Salt is oorporcal, which is united 
with the Water by means of the Oil : whereof I 
fhall give you here:ifter a more ample account, 
where I do iiittnd tpfpeak and to write, fonic- 
thmg inore conceniiiig theie things. 
- And to declare furrner the Eflence, Matter and 
Form of this Spirit of Mercury *, I mult tell you, 
'thtt its E-icncei? foul like, its Matter fpiritual," 
afnd its form tcrreilrral, which yer mufr be under- 
i}o6d-by lome incomprehenfible thing. Thtit 
->: indeed hard words and expreilions, and there 
t many that will think, that thefe are vain and 
■e repetitions,'.and ftrange iayings, which do 
oducc nothing elfe b.:t i^nnge .thoughts. It is 
^, I confefs, they art Itrange, and do require 
Irrange peopk that will underihnd the meaning 
of them. It IS not a thing written foi: Country- 

LI men- 

meu,how they muftgreafe their Wagons: Kox - 
is it a {"pcech tor thole, which have not got the. 
knowledge of this Art, though they imagine; 
thcmfelves to be never fo wife. But this man 
alone 1 do repute, to be learned, which befidesthe 
Word of God , doth make enquiry by a true 
knowledge into Terreftrial things, which come 
under the judgement of reafon, and learneth to 
know the darkncfs out of light, and to chufe the 
feeming bad bcfoie the good. 

Touching the beginning of this Spirit of Mer- 
(Hiry, this is needlets to know, becaufe it is of no 
bentht, nor can it do you any good. But ob- 
ferve, that its beginning is fupernaturall y from 
Heaven, the Stars, and Elements, granted in the 
beginning of the hrft Creation, to enter further 
into a Terrellrial being. And becaufe this is 
needlefs, as I have told you, leave that which is 
Heavenly to the Soul, and apprehend it by Faith*, 
that which is of the Stars, let likewife alone ? be- 
caule luch imprcihons of the Stars are invitiblc 
ane incompreheniible , the Elements have alrea- 
dy brought torth tiiis Spirit pcrfed into the 
World, through the nourifhment of it, therefore 
do not medd.e with them neither i for no man 
can make any Element but the Creatour alone > 
andinlilt upon thy Spirit already produced, which 
is both formal and not formal, comprehenfible 
and incomprehenfible, and yet doth appear villWy, 
and you have the lirll Matter, out of which are 
grown all Metals and Minerals, and is one only 
thing, and fuch a Matter, which doth unite it 
(clf with the Sulphur of the next following 
Chapter, and is c'oagulated with the Salt of the 
iifth Chapter, fo that it be.cometh one body and 

a per- 

«/ Bafil Valentine. ^9 

a perfed Medicine of all Metals, not only to ge- 
nerate in the beginning in the Earth, as in the 
great World, but alfo, with help of a moiil iire, to 
change and tranfinute together with the augmen- 
tation in the little World. Let this not Teem 
frrange to you, becaufc the moft High hath thus 
permitted it, and Nature hath wrought it. 

There are many in the World which will^ not 
believe this, and do think it impollible, that vilihe 
and defpife thefe niyfteries, which they in no wife 
underftand. Thofe may continue in their folJy 
like AiTes and BlockheadSjtill they are illuminarcd- 
which doth not happen without the will ot God, 
but Cometh by his Providence. But vv^ife and ex- 
perienced Men, which have wrought in thelweat 
of their Brows, will bear me vvitnefs, and con- 
firm the truth j and likcwile avouch, that they 
really believe and think, that whatfocvcr I do 
write here, is nothing but truth, as true as Hea- 
ven and Hell is made and ordained for the eled: 
and damned, for a reward of good and evil. ^ I 
do not write with my Hands only, but my Heart 
and Souf doth compeil and urge me to do it, be- 
:aufe that many conceited, illuminated, reputed 
ikiilful worldlings do hate, envyv difparage, rail 
it, and perfecute this myftcry to the outmoll skin, 
:>r to the inmoit kernel, which harh its original 
Vom the centre. ^ But I am fure, that time will 
:ome, when my marrow is vaniihed, and thcfe 
)ones of mine is dried up, that foire people will 
incercly take my part, though I am in my Grave, 
nd would be willing to fetch me from the dead, 
f God would permit it, but that will be a thing 
iiif ollible. Therefore I have left them in writ- 
ing, whereby their faith and coniidcnce will havt 

L 1 2- ■ a ical 

4^0 The Md'mal Operations 

aiealof ccrta'mty and truth, to bear witncfs of 
iY:e, what hath been my lafi Will and Tdhrnent, 
which I have left to thu^ poot, and to all the ad- 
niirevs oi myikrius. Though it did not become 
me to write io many things, yet could I not, 
without doibghurt to my foul do otherwife, then 
to drive 3 i^hnee and brightwefs through the 
tiouds, that tUc day-may appear, and the obf cure 
night, together svlih the cloudy and dark tempeils 
may bediipcr{(fd. > 

Hivt how the Archdsm worketh further by the 
Spirit of Mlrcmy in the Earth, or in the veins of 
the Earth, you are to underflard, that after the 
Spiricual feed h framed trom above by the im- 
prdiion ^f the Stars, and ted and nouiifhed 
througb'the Elements, this feed is changed into, 
and >5 become a Mercurial water : as in the begin- 
ning the ^^reat WorW likewiie was m.ade of no- 
thing •■) tor the Spirit moved upon the Water,and 
thus was this cold, watLrilh, and terrcfirjal Crea- 
ture revived to lite by an heavenly warmjth. It- 
was in the great World the power of God, and 
the operation of th.e light o^ -Heaven •, in the little 
WorJd liKcwiie the power of God, and the ope- 
ration by his divine and holy breath to work in 
the 'Earth. Furtheimore, the Almighty did 
grant aud ordain means, ter the performing of 
the fame, that the Creature might get power to 
wcrR upon another creature, and one might help 
?/ad promote the otiier, for the performing and 
pcr^^ectingof all the works of the Lord. Thus 
was granted to the Earth an iiillutnce to generate 
by tne LumJnanes of Fleaveu, and likewiie an 
interual heat to warm 6c to ripen that which v/as 
tooccldfor the e^rth, by rcaiun of irsacuoiity, 


c/E-iiii Vakil tine. 49- 

4fld thus to every Creature a peculiar Genius ac" 
cord ing to its kind •, that fo therejsraifcd a (ub*- 
tile {lilphineous lieam by the Harry Heaven > no^ 
a common, but another clarified, clean, and pure 
llcam, feparated from others, which doth unite 
it iclf with the Mercurial iubfiances by which 
warm property in a long time the humidity is 
dryed up by little' and little, and then the foul like-/ 
prop-jrty bein^ joyned with it, which givtth tioQ. 
body and ballome or maintenance, and worke th 
before too upon the earth by a fpiritual and flarry 
influence. Tnus happcneth then a gcncratioii pf 
Metals, according to the comroi^^^ipn,, ©f '|he, 
three Principles, and according ^as theytakf in; 
more or lefs oi thele tljrec, (o the body is formed. the .Spirit of Mercury is dircded ai^d; 
fprijicd from above upv^n Animals, then is there 
produced an Animal Being , bur if it ieizcth up- 
on yLgetabies, a VegeiaDle work is brought.fQrtl), r 
And it it talls.iipon Minerals, by reaibn of itsjn-: 
fufed nature, there v;ill ipring thence Miiierali>' 
and Metals. Ncverthekfs, every oiie.js diiferently 
iwroi)^iit : The Animals by another torm by 
thcmic4vcs, the Vegetables after a manner proper-, 
to themielves, and the Minerals liiiewjfe on %^^l 
chcrHfafnion , cvay one after a iiygular way v^ 
kyhcitof in f pecie much more might be wjitten, , 
lud a more "full and exad idatlon mi^ht be 
oiade. _ ^ 

^ Here may be jufdy demanded. r:OW this Spirit 
^/ Mercury may be had and oixained, orhowic*; 
'3 to be made, and wh'ch way, and after what 
Banner it may be prepared, that it may cure di^^ 
iciTjpers, and change and alter all Metals of the, 

rioi?Ier kind, :.s they are venerated in the little, 
'■ tl 3 Wc>rld, 

^j 9 2 The Manual Operat tons 

World, by a tranfmutatian and augmentation of } 
their feed? Many will expedl an anfwer to this < 
qaeftion, which I {hall no: keep back from them, 
but faithfully difcover, as much as I have leayc by 
Gods command and judgement, in the manner as 1 
folio we th. 

Take in the Name cf the L( rd red Mineral 
quickfilver, which lookcth Hke Cinnaber, and the 
beft mineral Gold that can be gotten '■> take an e- 
qual quantity of them both, and grind them to- 
gether, before they have been in any fire i pour 
upon them an Oil of Mercury made by it fclf, out 
ot the coixmon putrified and fublimed Quick- 
filverj digcil them for a month, and you will 
have an Extraction, which is more heavenly 
thaut^rrlftria]. Diftill gently this Extradion in 
BdncoMari£^ and the Flegmc comcth over, and 
the ponderous Oil rcmaineth in the bottome, 
which taketh up into it k\^ al] Metals in a mo- 
ment. Add to this three times the quantity of 
Spirit of Wine, circulate it in a Pelican till it be- 
cometh b!ood-red, and hath recovered an incom-- 
parable fweetnels. Pour off the Spirit of Wine, 
and e.dd to it frcdi Spirit of Wmc. Repeat this 
fo long, till the whole matter be dilTolved into z\\ 
c-xcceding fwcct and luby colour tranfparcnt li- 
quor, which mingle afterwards together. Pour 
it upon white Calcined Tartar, and diilill it with a 
itrcng frc in Afhcs, and the Spirit of Wine re- 
Jiiaineth behind with the Tartar, but the Spirit of 
Mercury ^-ometh over. This Spirit of Mercury 
being mixtd wich the Spirit ot Su'phnr Solis, to- 
gether with its Sslt, whofoevtr frail bring them 
over thus joyned and united together, that they 
may not be feparated in infimmm^ he will have 


of Bafi] Valentine^ 493 

fuch a work (if fo be it doth receive its Ferment 
in a due mearureand prefixed term, with Gold by 
a Sohition, and is brought in its perte(^ maturity 
to a plufquam perfection) to which nothin:; may 
be compared, for the preventing of difeafes and 
poverty, and for a rich and faperfluous recreation 
of the body as well as of goods. 

This is the way to obtain the Spirit of Mercu- 
ry, which I have difcovered fo far, as the Highefl 
Emperour hath given me leave to do. I hope 
you will ufe wifely and difcreetly my Manual Ope- 
rations required to this work, and laid open 
by me, that you naay not fuffcr in Hell fire for 
my faithful warnings-, becauie the door which 
(givtth entrance to the Kings Court, is unlock'd' 
and odened by one Key alone, v/hieh cureth all 
diitempers, as the Dropfie , Confuraption , the 
Gout, the Stone, the Falling-ficknefs, Apoplexy, 
Leprofie, and of what name (oever they be in ge> 
ncral. This is likewife a remedy for ail forts ot 
French-pox, and all other old hihng Sores, as the 
Wolfe, Tettars, Worm, Fifr Jcs, Cancer, Spread- 
iing'and fjetting Ulcers and Holes, as I have dilco- 
i;ered to, and hidden n'othmg from you. 

Final iy,obferve this, that you will make known 
3nly this, and no more, that, bccaufe any Art 
lath its beginning and original from the Spirit 
)f Mercury, which is quickned and revived by 
,he fpiritual Sulphur, that an heavenly tiling dotii 
ife trom them together, and with, and Ly the Salt 
hey become corporeal and formd 5 bur ihe prin- 
iple of the Soulv the Spirit, andthcBudy, you 
/ill let it be and continue a Load-iionc, as really 
: iSj and cannot be acca iuted to be any other 
jiing. But the final fum-m is thiS; that withoi t 
LI 4. the , 

49a The ManudOpefAtions 

the Spirit of Mercury, which is the only Kc7 to 
make the corporeal Gold Potable,the Philofopher- 
ftone can never be made nor prepared. Do not 
objcd a^ainir, nor contradidt this fentence, but 
keep iilencc h. for I will give over (peaking, be- 
caufclilencc is impofed upon you and me by the 
competent Judge, and begin the Execution your, 
idt:> lc?aving. further enquiry to. another which, 
hath fiot jas y^t pleaded his caufe. 


Of the Splnt ofC)pp:y» 

THE Star rMmtdy^oim is hard and very, diffi- 
cult to be reckoned, as all the Mathemiatici- 
ans and Aftroiiomers mufr bur me vvitnels i for 
her courfe doth much ditfer from the other fix 
Planets, 'theretore her Nativity is likewiieot ano- 
ther natures becaufe the birth of Venus doth pof- 
kijs the hit table after Mercury, - As concerning 
the generation of Metals, Mcra^ry maketh efle- 
ctual, but F>/?.vi doth incite, and givcth lull: and 
deiirc, together with bL-autitulnefs, which doth 
occal]on it. Though I do not ^lieem n^y iclf, nor 
take upon me to be an Ailronomer, to the 
account of the heavenly m'^tion is kiiown^he-^ 
caule I ought to fpend m^j time in prayers in the d 
l.cuse'of God: Neverthelefs, that the rcmainder| 
of the time, after Diviue Service is performed,! 
may not pafs idlely away, I have relolvc^tt^ fpend 
tlic reif ot my time in enquiiing into.; natural 
r hiu^s. Thus it is a ha,rd matter to hiid out v^'batj 
is produced i^.nd biougiu^ forth by Kf^W,^ 

of Bafil Valentine. 49 S 

whence Vems hath taken her beginning and ori- 
ginal, becaufe (he is clothed to excefs,with that 
(he hath no need cf v and, on the other fide muft 
want, that (he (tandcth in need of^ as touching 

But you are to know^thzt Venus is clothed with 
an heavenly .Sulphur, which doth far exceed the 
fplendour of the Sun, becaufe there is found much 
more Sulphur in her, then in Gold. But that 
you may learn, v.^hat the matter is of the faid Sul- 
.phur oi Gold, which dwelleth and reigneth a^ 
bundantly in Fe;////, and of which I have fpoke f j 
much, know then, that it is likewife a flying and 
very hot fpirit, which can (earch and penetrat all, 
as alfodigeit, ripen, and bring to maturity, viz* 
theimpertedMetale into perfed, which the un- 
experienced doth not believe., If you ask, how 
the Spirit of Copper can ripen^and bring to per- 
fedion other imperfed Metals, it being it (elf, in 
its body imperfedt, and npt fixed ? I anfwer, as I 
have told you already, that this Spirit cannot have 
or hold in Cgpper a fixed body tor an habitation v 
therefore the habitatioa being burn'dbyfire, the 
gueil goeth out of it likevvKe^ a,nd muft leave his 
habitation with impatience, for hedwelleth there- 
in like an ^ hireling. But in the lixed body of 
Gold he hath a protedlion, that nothing can drive, 
him out without the Sentence of a peculiar jikI^jc, 
becaufe he hath taken poileflion of his habiratipn 
like an heir, and hath takea root in that fixed bo- 
. 4y^ that cannot be caft out lo eaiily. The Tin- 
dure, which Venus hath obtained, is likewile lo 
be found in M^^r/, yea, much more powerful, 
higher, and mojipe excellent ; For Mars is the Hus- 
b(^nd, FenH( the Wife i whereof I havefpokcii 


4^6 The Mdmdl Operations 

more at large in thofe Writings of mine concern- 
ing them. This Tindure is likewife found in 
Verdigreafc and Vitriol^ as in a Mineral, of which 
^a whole Volume might be written : And in all 
thefe things there is found a Sulphur, which doth 
burn, and yet another Sulphur, which doth not 
burn, which is a wonderful work. The one is 
white, the other red in the operating birth : but 
the right and true Sulphur is incombullible , for it 
is a meer and true Spirit, out of which is prepa- 
red an incombuftible Oil, and is indeed the Sul- 
phur out of which the Sulphur of Gold, out of 
one and the fame root, is made and prepared- I 
do difcover many Secrets, which ought not to be 
done > but I do not know how to help it. To 
«:;^ceal:all, is likewife a thing unanfwerable h yet 
it is good not t« do overmuch y as I have dcfired 
m that Proteltation of mine, not to forget my tt^ 
qiidl. -^ 

This Sulphur may be very well called and 
chriikned the Sulphur of the wife, becaufe in it 
is found all wifdome, if you except the Mercurial 
Spirit, which is to be preferred, and with it, to* 
gcther with the Salt of Mars- mnll be united 
through a fpirirua] copulation, that three maybe 
brought to a c^rrelpondency, and be exalted into 
one opcrattion. " - 

This ipiritual Sulphur deth likewife and in the 
fame manner derive its original from the upper 
Region, as the Spirit of Mercury doth, but with 
another form and fafhion, vviiereby the Stars do 
i;icw.a (tparation in fixed and-unhxed, in tinged 
and not tinged things. • The Tiuclure deth con- 
Ui: only in the Spirn ot Copper, and chiefly of its- 
:oi.ibrt, and is a meer {team, itinkiiag ard of a- 


of Bafil Valentine. 497 

very ill fent in the beginning : And ih\^ nvixtviud 
be rcfoIveJ in a liquid manner, that the fiinking 
incoiiibulTible Oil may be prepared out of it, 
which yet muft have its original from M^rs- This 
Oil is eafily joyned with the Spirit of Mercury, 
and do foon take up all metallick boclies,bciiig hrft 
prepared according to the account given by me in 
my Keys . 

I do not keep here any order of the Planets^ 
and that julily, not without feme realon i for I 
do follow their generation, that is^ the order and 
rank which J do follow 5 bccaufe Vema hath much 
Sulphur, (he hith been together with M rs^ di* 
gefted and ripened fooner than any other Metals > 
but becaule they have had but little help from the 
inconfianr Mercury, being he had no room left 
him to work harder, by reafcn of the fuperabun- 
dant Sulphur, they could not receive cr obtain a 
melioration of their unhxed bodies Now will 
I difcovcr a myftery to yo^, tkat GoU^ Vcmis^ and 
Mars., have in them .one and the lame Sulphur^oncf 
Tindturc, and the fame Matter of thjr Tindure, 
which Matter of the Tindtnrc is a Spirit, a Mill, 
and Fume, as hath been faid before, v/hich hath- 
penetrated, and doth penetrate all bodies : It you 
can bring it into captivity, ar.d^doacuate it with 
the Spirit, which is foiaul in the Salt of Mirs^ 
and then do joyn wiJV the fame the Spirit of 
Mercury, according to ti-cir weight, and do fe- 
paratc them from all impurity, that they become 
fweet, ?nd fv^cet-fmtlljng,. without any coiro- 
five, you h.ivG then , a Mi.di.ine, to which no- 
thing in the VVorM nwy be compared/, if you 
terment tliisMt'dicine with tlx? iliining Sun, you 
have made aningrcfs, which is pcnc-trai.t tc work 
and to tranlmutc all JvU tals. <c> 

4 9^ Thf Manual Operations. 

Eternal WiCdom, what thanks muft be ren- 
dred unto thee, for thefe great myilerie?, which 
yet the children of Men do not regard at all, and 
do fcorn to enquire, and to learn what thou halt 
hidden in Nature. They fee it with their eyes, 
and do not know it s they hold it in their hands, 
and do not comprehend it^ they touch and han- 
dle it, and do not know what they have, or what 
they make, becaufe the inward part is concealed 
from them. . . • 

1 will ialtly really, out of love to God, difco- 
ver yet this unto you, that the root of the Philo- 
fophieal Sulphur, which isan:heavenly fpirit, to- 
g;:ther with the root of the ipiritual lupcrnatural 
Mercury,and the principle of the fupernatural Salt 
is in one,and is found in one Matter, out of whi>h 
the Stone, which hath been before me,is made, and 
not in man}' thin^Sjal though theMercury be drawn 
by it felt by all the Philoiophcrs, and the Sulphur 
by it felf,befidcs the Salt a part. ,..That To Mercu- 
ry is tound in one, and the SulpKur in one. and the 
Salt in one. Notwithftanding all this, I do tell 
you, that this is to be undcrftood oi their fuper- 
fluity, which is found moil in every one, and 
particularly in many v/ays m.7 be ufed prohtably, 
and prepared to a Medicine and tranfmutation of 
Metals. But the univerfal, as the ^reatelr trea- 
iureof tcrrerrrial knowledge and wifdcme,; and 

. ot' all the three principles, is o*ie only thing, and | 
is found in one only thing, and drawn out of it, jj 
u^iiich can r;.dL:ce all Metals into one only thing, r 
and is the true Spirit of Mercury, and the foul of 
Su'phiir joynal together v/1 1 h the fpiritual Salc^ 
inciolccl I'.nd.r one hci^vcii, and d'^'<-lliug m oiv^ 
bo. y -, uud i:; i[\^ pra^ou /^iid tiie Eagle, it is the, 

G/ Bafil Valentine. 49? 

\ing and the Lion, it is the Spirit and the body, 
vhich muft tinge the body ot" Gold to be a Medi- 
;ine, whereby it getteth abundant power to tinge 
Dthers its conforts. 

O bleifed Medicine, granted by God thy Crea^ 
:our ! O heavenly Loadltone of t'^at great attrii- 
^ive love ! .() bountiful fubflance of Metals, ho^ 
great is thy power, how unfcarchable is thy vir-- 
tue, how ("tout is thy coitftailcy > He is bleifed up^ 
ion earth, that hath gou real knowledge of thy 
light, which the Worid'taketh no notice ot. He 
(hall not iurfer poverty, no diikrripcr fliall touch 
him, no difeafe fliall do him any hurt, till to the 
prefixed time of death, and to his laft hour, 
which the King of Heaven hath fct and prefixed. 
ilt is impolfible tor all the tongues of Men to ex* 
prels and '^o declare the wifdome, which is laid in 
tlie trcafure of this fountain. All the Oratoirrs 
muft become dumb, and be brought to confulion, 
nay be allonifhed and made uncapable ot fptak- 
ing any thing, if they fliould behold and know 
this fupcrnatural Majefly. And I am amazed my 
felf, when 1 do tliink and coniider, that I have re- 
vealed (o m.any things s but I hope with my pray- 
ers to prevail with God, ihat he may not lay this 
to my charge as a- mortal fin, becaule I have be- 
gun this work in his fear, have obtained it by his 
mercy , and have revealed it to his glory and 

O moil Holy and cverlafiing Trinity,! do give 
unto thee both with my heart and^mouth, praile, 
hpnour, and glory, for that thou hail: revealed to 
me the great wildcme of this terrefirial World, 
befides thy Divine Word^ whereby 1 have got the 
knowledge of- thy Almighty pov\\r, and li-perna- 


5oo 'J Ije Manual Operation 

tural miracles, which men will not acknowledge- 
I do moll humbly befeech thee to grant unto me 
further prudence and knowledge, tO make ufe of 
their power and virtue with perpetual thankf^ \ 
giving to thee, to the benefit of my neighbour^ ' 
and to Kiy own wellfare as well fpiritual as corpo- • 
ral. That fe thy Name may be praifed, magnified ! 
and glorified, tor all thy creatures both in Heaven ' 
and on Earth, and my enemies may acknowledge • 
that tho.i art a Lord tull of infinite wonders, that 
they like wife once may repent and be converted, 
and not perilli in the darkncls of falQiood. So help 
me and us all God the Father, GodtheSoji, and 
God the Koly Ghort, exalted above all in his 
Throne, Glory, Power, and Majeily \ whofc wif- 
donic hith neither beginning nor end, and before 
whom all the Creatures, heavenly;, terrelh'ial and 
helhin, with fear do ll^ake and tremble, bklT.d and 
praifed tor evermore, Am^n. O Seraphin , O 
Cherubin, how great are thy wonders and works, 
looii ill ■mercy upon tiiy Servant, and turn thine 
augLr trom liim, becaufe he hath revealed theie . 
thiag<j. " 

CoTicernlng the generation of Copper, the 
Reader is nioreover to know and to obferve, that 
the Copper is generated oi.:t of much Brimftone, 
but its Mercury and Salt are equal in the fame , 
tor tikre is neither mort nor lels in quantity of 
ont and the oth^r to be found. Now becauie " 
xi-st Brimicone cc^h exceed in quantity the Salt f 
and Mercury, there arifeth from thence a great i 
tiiiging rediiels, which great rednefs^ hath lb poi- 5 
Llud uie Maai, that the N'ercury could not per- i 
tccr itsiixedneis, that a m. ore firxed body might ' ' 
have bcGH produced oat of it. You are further 


O/ Badl Valeimne. 50 1 

3 know, that the form of Venus body is of the. 
.mc condition that a Tree is of, which hath and 
oth yield abundance of gum, as i? the Pine and 
ir-tree, with other forts of Trees more, which 
rum is the Sulphur of the Tree, which drives 
at fometimes this Gum at the fides of it, by rea- 
)n of its too ^';reat abundance, and becauie it 
innot harbour it all. Such a Tree now, that is 
nged with fo much fatnefs by Nature, and the 
ipening of the Elements, burneth and taketh iire 
Timediately ^ neither is it heavy, and is never fo 
arable as Oak, and the like hard wood, which is 
)lid and compad:, and hath not its pores fo open, 
s tliat fort of light wood , that the Brimftone 
night abundantly reign in it. But therefore hath 
he Oak-wood more Mercury^ and a better Salt> 
han the Pine or Fir-tree. And fuch wood is ne- 
'er fo much apt to fwim i>poH the Water, as the 
Ir-trce is, becaufeit isclofe, folid, and coirpad, 
hat the Air in it cannot bear it up. The fameisi 
o be underftood of Metals, but efpecially of 
jold, wliich, by reafon of its much fixed and 
veil ripened quick- til ver, hath a moft folid, com- 
)adt, clofc, Hxed, and invincible body, to which 
leither Fire nor Water, neither Air, nor any pu- 
refadion of the Earth can do any hurt, bccaufe 
ts pores areclofed u^, and the corrupting power 
3f the Elements cannot injure it. which fixed- 
lefs, and folid, and compadt conjundion do dc- 
nonftratc its natural ponderofity, which is not to 
yt tound or proved in other Metals, which may 
5e dilcerned not only by weighing it in a pair of 
5calcs, but you will find it iiKewife, if yon put 
3ut aScrupel of pure gold upon a huiidred pound 
lecighc of Quick-fiivcr, it will fall preftntiy to 


5 o i ] he Manual Oper attorn i 

the bottomc, whereas all other ponderous Metals, 
laid upon Quick-filver fwitn upon it, and do not 
fink to the bottome, becaufe their pores are more 
largely extended, that the Air or Wind may pafl 
through them to bear them up, ' 

Furthermore, concerning the Spirit of Venus or 
Copper in Phyfick, you are in iine toob(erve, t\m 
it is found very necelTary and wholefomc m'lU 
virtue and efficacy, not only that Spirit which li- 
eth in Primo Ente^ but that Spirit likewTe which 
is found in the laft Matter: Its virtue, power, 
and operation is fuch, that in Rifing of the Mo- 
ther it is to be preferred before any Medicine! 
whatfoever •, as liivcwife againft the Falling Sick- 
nefs particularly th^ re is nothing comparable td 
it. This Spirit hath moreover received a (ingu- 
ral gift to dry up the Dropiie. It prcferveth the 
blood trom putretadion, and doth digeft everj 
thing, that might be againft, or be hurttul to tht 
ftomack. It brcaketh the Stone, of whofeNatui"! 
it F. Outwardly, it layeth the foundation if 
Wounds for the cure of them. The Sore called 
long ago iVo/i tne tangerc^ and any old Ulcers, U 
they never fb deep rooted^t layeth hold upon theiil 
malignity, and uihereth in a ground for the heal^ 
ing of them. Outwardly it doth purihe, and 
fearchcth for the certain kernel, where the Cure 
and the working Medicine may falten, and have 
its beginning. Burin wardly it fearcheth and pc- 
netrateth throughly, and tindeth out any malig- 
nity ]n the body ot Man. It is like to the noble(t 
\yound-drink > there is no Impoilhume, but it is 
cured by it. 

To fumm up all, I do fiy, if you have a fpecial*- 
care cf this Spirit of Copper, it will woik fuclf 

. . \AO;ldcrS 

of Bifil Valentine. 50^ 

wonders borh inwardly and outwardly, as will 
be accounted of all incredible and fupernatural. 
And thus much of the Spirit of Copper. 

Lalily, and to conclude all, you are to know, 
that the Spiiit of Copper is a hot Spirit, pene- 
trant and fcarching, conijuning all the bad hu- 
mors and flegmc, both in Men and Metals, and 
may be jiifily accounted the Crown of Phyflck. 
tt is Very fiery and piercing, incombustible, yet 
fpiritual and without form v and therefore is ca- 
pable lii\e a Spirit to further m particular the ig- 
nition, digefiion, and ripening of things without 
a form. 

And if you are a true enquirer Into Natures 
Arcana^ let this Spirit be recommended unto you, 
it will never forfakc you in any necclfities, or 
wants either of health or riches, if you do exact- 
ly obfcrve , and juftly adminilrer it. I am in 
hopes iny requells and defires will once find place 
with, and be heard of many which make enquiry 
into Nature, and are very dehrous to iearch after, 
and to learn its kcrets- Therefore they will 
whet their (ences, open their eyes, and give leave 
to their cars to hear^chat (uch things may be learn- 
ed out of this relation ot mine, that never were 
obfervcd, nor fightjy undtrfiood bctore, which 
are found in this Spirit ot Copper both inwardly 
and outwardly. He that will not give heed to, 
nor oblerve and underit.uid theic writings of 
I mine, hath not found o;ir many myiteries, nor 
enquired with conirancy and truth without me, 
neither learned or gotany proritableknovvledge. 
Therefore no man can pal?> his verdidt upon mj, 
as touching the Spirit of ^^c/////, except he hath 
I turned the Copper^ ani exactly ttudied all the ie- 

Ni m cret? 

5 01 The Afanual Oi^eratmt 

*^rcts of its inward virtue, as I have done. If I 
can get the knowkdt^c of any thing that is better, 
whicli I am as yet ignorant of, I do moft earneft- 
ly beilech you, not to conceal any thin§, and his- 
elcdrinc (lull be very well rewarded in a thou- 
fand ways. And thus^ recommend you to tl>c 
moil High Creator. Realon cannot always ap- 
prehend, that wich Venns cm reach unto. No 
thoughts can quickly hnd it out, and humane 
wit thi'ulkth it far trom it felf. Its Spirit alone 
•will judgcall, and tliC xNieiciiry will tlun co-ope- 
rate widi it. 


Of th Gcncrjtiut //Mars, its Sflrlt 

My^rj-and Vcntfshivc one and the fame Spirit 
and Tindi;re, as ciie Gvid and (>ther Me- 
tals hive, though this Sp.rit be found in ever^ 
Metal, in (bme a greater, in otii;.rfome in (inallei 
quantity, It is undeniable, and confeffcd of all J 
tnat there are divers men, and divers opinions j 
although men in the beginning are niadc out of 
one tirlt Matter, and generated and born out of 
one Seed, yet is there a manifold diticrence of 
their opinions , becaufc the operation of the 
Stais hath occafioned this, and not without a 
caule; for the intluence of the great World vrork' 
eth the other, fnamely the dirTercncc of opinions) 
atter It ielt in the little World j bccaule all the 
Opniions, Nature, and 1 houghts together^ with 
the whole complexion of Man, do derive .their 


of BafilViJcfirine. 5^ J 

original only from the influence of the Sfars of 
Heaven, and do fhtw themfclvcs according to 
the Planets and Stars, where nothing can wif h- 
itarfd, nor oblirud: luch an influence, beo^ufe tiiC 
gcricrat'on of their pcrftdion is already perform- 
ed and brought to a period or hnidied. For ex- 
ample, a man is naturally inclined to Study, one 
hath a mind f.r Divinity, another f^r the Study 
of the Law, the third torPhyfick, the fourth will 
be a Philofophcr. Besides all this, there are many 
wits, that h.ive a natural inclination for Mccha- 
nick Arts i as one turncth a Limner, another a- 
Goldfmith i, this min a Shoomaker, that man a 
Tailor, another a Carver, and fb foith, manifold 
and innimunble All this happenech hy the in- 
fluence ot the Stars^ whereby the imagination Is 
ftrtngthned and rounded lup^rnaturally, whercia 
it rclolvcth to continue. As we do hnd, if a mail 
hath once taken -up a refolution in iiismind, and 
laid a toun lation upon k^ that no man is able ta 
bring or keep him from it, that he fliould not io 
obltinatcly itand upon it, death only exceptedy 
which at lait clofccii up all. The fame is to be 
underfiooi of Chymiiis and Alchyjuills^ which 
having got (^,ncc into the fecrets of Nnure, do 
not intend to give tbtm ov^r fo ealily,exGept they 
have more exactly (earched Nature, and whol- 
ly abfolval and hnifhed the lludy thereof, whicli 
yet is no eaiic matter. Thus you are likewit^ to 
undcrlUndof Metals, that according as the infu- 
iionand imaginaciun happeneth from above, ia 
happeneth tae torm liKcwile \ although Metals 
are altogether called Metals, and are indeed Me- 
tals, yet as you have underibod by the divers opi- 
nions of men^ 'which arc altogether men out of 
M m 2^ ©fts 

50^ The M amalOperMtons 

one matter, there may be manifold and diver s 
Metals, of which one hath got an hot and dry^, 
another a cold and moift, anotlicr a mixed com- 
plexion and nature. Tf lerefore, bccaiile the Me- 
tal of Mars hath before others been ordered by a 
grofs Salt in the greateft quantitySn its degree, its 
body is the hardeit, moli inflexible, ftrongeil, and 
courleli, which Nature hath thus -granted and 
appropriated to it. It containeth the lealt part 
of Mercury, a little more it hath of Sulphur, but 
the greateft part of Salt : and trom this mixture 
is fprung its corporeal being, and is thus born in- 
to the World, with fhe hdp of the Elements. 
Its Spirit is in operation equal to other Spirits : 
but if the true and right Spirit of Iron can be dif- 
cerned, I do really, and not uwwifely tell you, 
that one grain of its Spirit or quintelTence, taken 
•and adminiftred in Spirit of Wine, comforteth 
and frrengthneth a mans heart, mind,and courage, 
fo that no tear of any ot his enemies may be per- 
ceived : It fiirreth up a Lion Jike heart within 
him, and doth inflame to begin and confummatc 
a fight with Venus* If the Conjundion of Marf 
and Venus doth rightly happen in a certain con 
ilellation, they have fuccefs, victory, and conqudl, 
both in love and forrow,in hghts and peace, and 
will continue ot one mind, though tiie whole 
W'Orld (liould bear a ipleen and enmity againlt 
them. But becauie I am an Eccleliaftical man, I 
have fubjeded my (^c\^ to fpirituality, and have 
recommended my foul to God, without enticing 
of humane concupifceiice, and allurements of the 
Ivift of the tieih, which being unpermitted, pre- 
pare away to Hell v but Gods command, tear, 
and permiliion of the will of men, licenced by 


c/ jKaiiJ Vaiennnc. 507 

lis command, make the way ready for Heaven, 
( they do perfcvere in the true worQiip o£> and 
:he true and lively faith in the Throne of Grace, 
the Mediator and InterceirorJefusChrill oar Sa- 
viour. This Spirit cureth, difpelleth and heal- 
?th wonderfully all Martial diftempers, as the Dy- 
Qnteryor Bloody-flux, the Courfes of Women, 
white and red, any loofneft and open fores in the 
Legs, Bones, and the whole Body, together with 
all (uch diftcmpers both inward and outward, by 
what name focvcr they may be called,Masare oc- 
caiioned by bloody M?ri, ihe names whereof I 
(hall forbear to recite, becaufe thcic dlftempeis 
and difcafes, which are (iibjed to Mars-^ and under 
his jurisdiction, are conieiTed by and known to 
experienced and skillful Phyiicians. 

This Spirit of Iron being rightly difcerned and 
known, hath a fecret affinity with the Spirit of 
Copper, that they may be fo joyned together, 
that there rifeth one only matter from them, of 
one and the fame operation, form, fubRance, and 
3eing, which will cure and relieve the fame di- 
ftempers , and tranfmute the particularities of. 
iMetals with proht and honour. But Iron toge- 
Ither with its virtue ought properly to be coniide- 
red. in ithe manner tollowing, that it hath a terre- 
tlrial body only in its corporeal form, which bo- 
dy may be ufed to a great many thing^s, to alter 
the blood, to outward wounds, to a graduation 
of Silvef ■> and invtardly to the conltipation of 
the body > which yet is not always benehcial to 
ule, neither in a Mans body inwardly and out- 
wardly, nor yet as concerning Metals. Becaufe 
theic is no great advantage to be made^er /e. 
Mm 2 with- 

5o8 Th MarualOperaUon< 

•without riie known right nitans^ which do belong 

to Natures; fecrct knowledge. 

I inuft lemcinbcr one thhig more, that the 
Loaliftoue aflci the true Iron arcalmolr ot one and 
the funeufe in bodily dihcnipcrs, and arc ahiioli 
of oiieand thcTame Nature, even as it is accord- . 
ing to a Divine, Spiritml^ and Elemental icncc, 
betwixt the Body, its Soul, and the Chaos, out ot" 
■which the Soul and Spirit are gone, tl-c Body is 
framed laR of all out of that cciv.pc'ruion. Wnat 
fi-kall we do ii©w, the ignorant and rude will not 
apprehend it, thole as undedbnd f'^^mething will 
take no notice of my writings, and thofe Nature , 
(iirpaiiing Wits will Hnd fault. Here I do want j 
(bme adyiec, for I would fain hnd OLit a way, that 
all theie mighty wife men might contuiuc my 
friends; Which I iliall dLclare to you thus, that, 
btcaule the Argument it (elf doth declare and 
pronounce the lentence and concluiion, there the 
feiblutioii remains th open, and cannot come flir- 
tht.r L nder any judgment of the mind, but aiuf; 
bedeclared, rtiblved, retained, and lignitied by it j 
felt. I 

" Finally, obfervc this in this Oiapter, that no ' 
Jioufe-Heeping caa be rightly and conitantly per- 
formed betwixt a married couple, where one 
party will tuni and di ive the Charict towards the 
^alt,rhe other towards the W eft: For they pollibly 
cannot draw after this tafliion, the faid Chariot in 
an equal poife, whence there arilcth a greatdif- 
{(.niion and hinderaixe to obtain that which they 
imagined. But it: (uch Married Perions do in- 
tend to govern their Houle well, tliey muft be of 
one ipirit, one opinion, one mind, and vjitue to 
perform and adt ail, that is in their hearts and 


linds to work one with the other, 'if Co be the'' 
)ve and f^itiituhicfs is pert'cd. For want of on^ 
i thefc parts, the three Principles arc not rig':it- 
^ together. Fcr Mercury is t'lill of cow:;rcliij5 

f. fcid too little, as concerning conflancy and fixed" 
cfs. Sulphur is too little, it cannot heat the Lo" 
iy of love, it being too much quenched. And 
he Salt hath not its due, fit, and natural kind nci- 
her, but is too hard, and too much, and there- 
ore is the caufeof a hard coagiilatign, is (harp 
md fretting, and dotli not (hew it ielf by tideliry 
md conftancy. This is tjie courfe of this World, 
and the World is bi-g of this vice, for there is but 
little confrancy.^fmall love, and leis tidelity. This 
Philofophical exampk, I hope, will not be mif- 
conltrued, becaule 5)'r^c/7 extollcth and difpiaif- 
eth the faithfulntfs and malice (^ a falfe woman, 
and both in a dirfi rent manner. With this I bid 
Mars farewell, becaule no man knoweth to diftin- 
guilh things of one and the fame nature, much 
Kfs fuch as arc of a dirferent, but he which hith 
thus obierved them, and hath made a llridj: en- 
quiry into their nature and properties,and by fuch 
acurate enquiries hath found them out and learned 
them. ' God the Father ot Heaven, and the ever- 
lafling power, which yet was from the beginning, 
fcpirateus in fuch a manner, that this tcrreiiriai 
and corruptible body may attain unto, receive and 
comprehend the heavenly, (piritual, and incof rii-. 
ptible clarification. 

If you cannot difcern and know Iron by it felf, 
give it a help meet for it. Judge then, and you 
\yill difcover its pgwcr. 

■ M m ^ CHAP. 

5 1 o Th ^'funual Opffd' ions 


Of the Spirit f Gold. 

THe hrightnefs of Heaven hath now com- 
manded me tochange myPcn,todircoveri 
thing of Fortitttde and ot Conftancy, bccaufe th 
€in\ is a burning confuning hrt^ hot and dry 
wherein there is a true power of all natura^ 
things, which power of the Slui worketh wif 
dome, riches, and health. My heart is feizecf 
upon by forrow, andmyipirit within it fclf be 
cometh allonilhcd, to manifeft and to bring tc 
light iiach things, as have not been difcovered and 
commonly laid open before me, and to reveaU 
that which hath been buried in the deprli witH^ 
very great ilcrecy. Notwithflanding, if I do go 
into my felf, and examine my co'nfcicnce, I could 
not hnd any other alteration to turii my mind, 
and to bring it upon fome other delign, which 
might obftrud my former rcfolution, But I (hall 
fpeak with difcretion, and write with prudence, 
that no evil may be occafioned by it, but rathef 
fcme gratcRil good obtained, which I have deli^ 
vered m the lame manner, as other Philorophers 
have done before me- 

Obierve well, and having hx'd your thoughts^ 
putalide dU thefe Urarige things,: which are not 
lerviceabic to you'r fpcculation ot Philoiophy,butj 
rather do de Itroy that advantage, which you havd 
(o-carntft!y f^jught for. Kjiow then, that "if. yoii| 
do e:.rnd:;y Jong for, and heartily dcfire to "get 
thjs^golden Load-ftone, your prayers hrft of all 
miili be lightly made to God, in true knowledi:c. 



of Bafil Valentine. 5^^ 

Contrition, forrow^and true humility, for to know 
and to learn the three different Worlds, which 
are fubjedl to hunaane reafon •, as there is the fu- 
percelelVial world , wherein the immortal foul 
keepeth its feat and refidence, belldcs its firft ori- 
giiial, and is by Gods crcatioH the iirH: moviag 
(cnfibility, or the lirft moving fenfible (bul, which 
of a fupernatural being hath wrought a natural 
life s and this fuul, and this fpirit, is the root, and 
the tirft fountain, and the firfi Creature exifting 
' in the life of any thing, and the primum mobiky 
which ha^h been controverted fo much by learned 
and very wife men. Furthermore, obferve Jike- 
wife the fecond CelefHal World, and take very 
good notice of it, for therein do reign the I la- 
nets, and all the heavenly Stars have their courfe, 
virtue, and power in this heaven, and do perform 
therein their fervice, -for which God hath placed 
them there, and do work in this their fervice by 
their Spirit, both Minerals and Metals. 

Out of thefe two Worlds arifeth another dif- 
ferent World, wherein is found and comprehend- 
ed, what the other two Worlds have wrought and 
produced, out of the Hrft fuperceleftial World is 
derived the fountain of life, and of the foul*: 
Irom the fecond Celeftial World doth fpring the 
light of the Spirit : And from the third, the Ele- 
mental World, Cometh the invincible, heavenly, 
yet fentible fire, by which is digefted and xipened 
that which is comprehenfible. Thefe three mat- 
ters and fublbnces do generate and bring forth 
the form of Metals , amcngft which 'Gold hath 
the pre-eminency, becaufe the Sydereal and Elc- 
jiiental Operation hath mellowed and ripened the 
.Mercury in this Metal the more lublhntially, to a 


5 1 » The MaouaL Operations 

fufficient and pcrfedl maturity^ And as the Scc^ 
of a Man doth tall into the Womb, and toucheth 
the McnjlrHum^ which is its earth > but tlie Sccd:> 
which g,octh out of the Man nito the Woman, is 
wrought in both by the Stars and El-mcnts^ that 
it may be united and nourifhcd by the Earth to a 
generation : So you are likevvifc to undcrftand, 
that the loul of Metals, which is conccjved by an 
unptrceivcable, invifible , inconiprcheiiiible, ab- 
ftrule, and fupeinatural Celcftial compolition, as 
put of Water and Air, whicti are formed out of 
t!ie Chaos, and then t'luther digefted and ripened 
by that heavcuiy "Ekmcntal light and hrc of the 
Sun, whereby the Stars do move the Powers, 
when its heat in the inward parts of the Earth, 
as in the Womb is perceived : For by the warm- 
ing property of the Stars above, the Earth is un- 
Jocftt and opened, that the infiifed fpirit of the 
ifame may yield tood and nourifliment, and be 
enibled to generate fonreching, as Metals, Herbs, 
Trees, and Beath, where every one particularly 
bringtth with it its Seed for a further multiplica- 
lion and augmentation. And as the conception 
pf a M-in JS Ipiritual and heavenly, whole foul 
and fpirit by nourifl-iment of the Earth in the 
Mothers Womb, are formally brought up to a 
perfection : So likewiie it is tp be obierved an d 
understood in every particular of Metals and Mi- 
nerals. But this is the true (ecret of Gold, z^i;^:, 
to ir.liruct and teach you by an c/iample andlimi- 
iitudt', whereby the poilibility of Nature, and its 
iPA'ftery is to be found in the manner following. 
It is probably true, thatthe heavenly light of the 
iSun is od a riery prcprrty, and of a hery being, 
which the mo'r high God, as Creufpr of Heavci> 


cf Bafil Valentine. 5T3 

and Earth hath granted to it, through an heaven- 
ly, con Iran t, and hxtd fulphureou# fpirit, for the 
prcfervation of its fubflance, forn), and body y 
which creature by reafon of its fwift motion and 
courfe, through its iWiftncfs is inflamed, and fet 
on fire by the Air •, which inflamation will neves 
beextinguifhed, as long as the motion doth laft, 
and the whole created vifiblc World doth conti* 
nuc and endure, nor in the leaftdiminiihed in its 
power: becaule there is no combultibje matte^f 
exfiant, which might be given to it, whofc coiit 
fumpcion might caufe the decay of that great light 
of Heaven. So is Gold by the Super iour of it^ 
EiTence thus digefted and ripened, and is become 
of iucli a hxed invincible aature, that nothing at 
all can hurt it i becaufe the upper lixed Stars have 
penetrated the lower, that the lower hxedStays^ 
by reafon ot the infufion and grant of the upper^ 
iiced not to - ive place to their equal i becaule the 
lower hath received and obtained fuch a conftant 
tixednefs from the upper. This now is very well 
to be noted and obierved, as concerning the iirit 
inatterof Goldw 

I mult alkdge yet another finiilitude according 
to the manner of Philofophers, of the great light 
of' Heaven,- and of that iinall Fire, which bring 
terreftrial is here kindled every day, and is mado 
to burn before our eyes. Becaufe that great light 
hath a magneticai likcnefs, and an attradiva 
loving power with that Imall hre here upon earth, 
which yet is without form and impalpable, and 
found only fpiritual, invifible, inienlible, and in-^ 
comprehenfible. It is remarkable, as it is proved 
and demonltrated by experience, that that great 
light of heaven hatji a great love fcr, and bear^ 

514 Tht Mdh ual Operatio'r. s 

cth an afTcdlion and inclination to the Jittle fire, 
which is terreikial, by rcafon of the fpiritual Air, 
whereby both are agitated, and preserved from 
their utter ruin and deflrudtion. For do butj^con- 
fider, as foonas the Ait, through great moifture 
or huniidity, which it hath attradted and taken in^ 
conceiveth any corruption, that fo through milis^ 
and further coagulation and conjundtion, clouds 
are generated, the beams of the Sun are hindrtd 
and (jbltruded, that the Sun cannot obtain its re* 
flexion, nor have itsjdue penetrating and fcarchr 
ing power : So likcwife this little terreftial hre 
doth never burn fo clear in' dark, cloudy, and 
rainy vv^eather, neither doth it (hew it felt with 
that gladnefs in its opera tio», as when the air is 
fair, pure, clear, nnmixed, and heavLnly* The 
caufe is this, for through the oblhcle of the moift 
air, the love is hindred and obllruc5ted, that the 
attractive power growing (ad, cannot exercife its 
perfeA love and operation, as it ought to do > for 
the contrary element, the aquolity, caufeth this 
obftru(9:ion. As now the Sun, that heavenly great 
light, hath a fpecial communioa and love with 
thefinall terreih'ial fire, to attrad: after a magie- 
tical manner : So like wife hath;theSun and Gold- 
a fpecial correfpondency, and a. peculiar attra^iMO 
power and love together, becaufe the Sun haib 
wrought the Gold through the three principleSy 
have their Loaddone, which is neareit of all rer! 
lated to the Sun, and hath attained to the hi.ghefti 
ilegrec,fo that the three Principles are found niQib 
mighty and powerful in the (ame. Next to it is: 
Gold in its corporeal form, btcjuie it is framti. 
out.ol' the three jprinciples, but' hath its original: 
tnd.ibe^iiiniii'g ftQOi the heavenly an.l gulden 


0/ Bafil VakiuiriC. 5^5 

Loadftones. This is now the greateft wifdom, 
)f this World, a wilclon^.c bcyoiid all wifdomc 
lay, a wiidomc beyond all hi.manc reafon arxi uii- 
icrlianding. For by this vvifdom is Hrft of all 
ipprehtndcd the Creation, the heavenly EiTer.ce,. 
the operation of the \ irmament, the ^Miitual inm- 
gination- and corporal being, and doth compre- 
hend all the qualities and properties, and what- 
foever 5oih maintain and prckrve a man. In- 
this golden Loidirone is and iycth buried the dii- 
foliuion and opening of all the Minerals and Me- 
tals, their government, as alio their matter of the 
hi\ generation, and their power, as touching 
health. Moreover the, coagulation and fixation 
of Metals, together with the operation to cure 
all difeafes. Take a fpecial care of this Key, for 
it is heavenly, (yderal,and elemental, orrt of which 
the terreftrial is generated. ..It is Supernatural 
and Natural together, andisborn out of the (pi- 
rit of Mercury, heavenly •, out of the fpirit of 
Sulphur, fpiritual •, but out of the fpirit of Salt^ 
corporeal. This i^he whole way, and the whole 
fubftance, the beginning, and the end. For the 
Spirit and Body arc fo knit together in one by the 
Soul, that they can never be fepa rated, but do ge- 
nerate a moli: perfed and hxcd body, which cai: 

Qut.of this fpiritual Eflence, and out of this 
fpiritual Matter, out of which the G<s!d hiliof 
all is made corporeal into one body, is the Potable 
Gold more fublbntially to be made, then Gut oi' 
Gold it (elf, which mult be m.adc fpiritual, bctore 
. the Potable Gold can be prepared out or it. Th-: 
Spirit cureth likewife the Leprofie, the Frcnci' 
Pox, as being a dipcrfixed Merciijial Eftlncs - 

$16 The MdnualOoerdtion^ 

dryeth np and confumcth the Dropfie, and all 
lunning open Spres, whi:h have afflidei a long 
time. Ccmf orteth the Heart and Brain, itreni^t i- 
neth the Memory, brcedeth good Blood, and 
caufeth glaclnels and defire, and naturalintice'. 
ment to Carnal Copulation. It' you mix the 
Quinteifence of Pearls with the Tindiire ot Co- 
rals, a^d do adminiikr and joyn with it, the fame 
quantity of this fpiritual EfTence of Gold, the 
quantity of two grains, you may alTure your felf, 
and boldly rely upon it, that no natural dilkmper 
can trouble you, or ^o you any hurt to endanger 
your health. Becaule the Nature of the Spirit of 
Gold is to change and alter all intirmiti-s, to take 
theni away, and to care them, that fo the body 
may become pertcdt vvithout any diliemper. The 
Quinteirence ot Pearls doth comtort the Heart, 
ftrengrhneth the Memory and Sences. The Tin- 
<^ure of Corals difpcUeth al] poifon together 
with the evil fpirits, which do abhorr that which 
is good. 

Thus can the foul of Gold reduced into Wa- 
ter, the fpiritual Elfence ot Pearls, and the 
phur ot Corals united in one do fuch thin^% 
wh'ch to Nature leem other wife incredible. But 
bccaufe experience doth contirm the infallible 
truth, it is then defervedly a Cordial in this- mor- 
tal life, and i> jultly, by reafon of its wonderful 
cfFeds, preferred before all the Cardials, by what 
names foever they may be called. I am a Spiri- 
tual Man, iltbjcdt to the Eecleliaftjcal State, and 
engaged by a Spiritual- and Divine Oath to the 
Order of t le Benedicts , whereby through my 
devout prayers I do receive great and precious 
promifcs of the Word of God, to the comfort of 



0/ Bafil Vafcntine- 517 

my foul : Bnt in corporal afHidions of my infir- 
mity, as well as of my Brethren, I have not found 
nor uCed a greater Cordial by Gods blelling, than 
this compofition of the three things aforefaid. 
God grant, blefs, and increafe this power and vir- 
tue to the end of this temporal World, which men 
muft exchange for death. 

O thou golden power of that foul of thine ! O 
thou golden underltanding of thy ("pirit I O thou 
golden operation of thy body ! God the Creator 
preferve thee, and grant to all tcrreltrial Creatures 
which love and honour him, the true knowledge 
of all his gifts, that his will may be done in Hea- 
ven, and on Earth. And thus much may futlkei 
for tlie preicnt for thediicovery ot the Spirit of 
Gold, till the coming again of Elijf . 
To th's I will add yet this fhort Proceft. 
Take Spirit of Salt, and with itextrad: the Sul- 
phur of Gold. Separate the Oil of Salt from it, 
and redihe the Sulphur of Gold with Spirit of 
Wine, that it may become pleafant, without any 
corrofiveneis. Tiien take the true Oil of Vitriol, 
made out of the Vitriol of Verdlgreaie, diflblvc 
in it Iron : make again a Vitriol out of it, and dif- 
iclv^: it again into an Oil or Spirit, wliich re- 
dtifie likewile, as bcfore,with Spirit of wine. Put 
them together, and draw oJf the Spirit of Wine 
from thence. Diliolve. the matter, which rc- 
maineth d.y behind, in Spirit of Mercury, in :^ 
due proportion or Vv eight. Circulate and coagu- 
late it. When it becometh conftant and Hxed 
without riling any more, you have then, if ycui 
Fernient it with prepared Gold, a Medicine t« 
*■ tiiHge boch Men audMe tali* , 


5l3 The AfAnualOveratioht 


Of the Impure of Stiver* 

I^He Tindure and Spirit of Silver is of a 
Sky-colour, otherwife it is a watcrifli Spirit, 
cold and moift, and not fo hot in its degree, as the 
Spirit which is found in Gold, Iron, or Coppery 
therefore is Silver more flegmatick than fiery, al- 
though it hath been reduced by lire out of its wa- 
terifh fubftance unto a coagulation. In what man- 
ner Metals do obtain their tinging Spirits and co- 
agulation '-) in the fame manner have the Stones 
likewife received their hardneis, fixednels, and 
Tindure, as by one and the fam^e influence. In a 
Diamond is found a fixed and coagulated Mercu- 
ry, therefore this Stone is harder and more fixed 
'than other Stones, and is not to be broken as they 
are. ' In a Ruby is found the Tind:ure of Iron,or 
tH^ Sulphur of Iron. In an Efmerauld the Tm- 
drure of Copper, in a Granate theibul cf Lead. 
In Pev/ter the Tindfure which is found in the 
ftone called Topallus. Chryllal is attributed to 
common Mercury. And in a Saphir is found the 
Tindure and Sulphur of Silver , yet every thing 
in particular, according to its nature and kind > 
and in Metals likewife according to their 
■form and kind. And when the blue colour is 
fepa rated and taken away from the Saphir, then 
is its garment gone, and its body is white like a 
Diamond. Thus when Gold hath loft its foul, it 
^ yieldeth then a white body, and a fixed white 
body of Gold, which is called Lnna fixa by the 



cf Bafil Valentine. JlP 

fcarching Students and Novkcs in this Art. 

What hath been faid as concerning the Stone 
eaHcd Saphir, foi- your inllradion, you may ap- 
ply to the better knowledge of the Nature of 
Metals. For this blue Spirit is the Sulphur and 
Soul, out of which Silver hath its life, as well in 
the Earth, as above the Earth, by Art, and the 
white Tindure of Silver, upon white always, in 
a magnetical form of that one thing and Crea- 
ture, whxrcm the Trimttm Ens Anri likewife is 

You moft Eminent Orators, where is here your 
Rhetorick to declare this Myftery ? And you re- 
puted Enquirers. into Natures fecrets, what is 
become of your writings and knowledge ? you 
Phylicians likewife, where is your opinion and 
judgment gone } perhaps beyond Seas, to fetch 
fomething trom far remote places, wherewith 
you may cure xh^d Dropfie, and other lunarydi- 
Ikmpers. You will fay, my fpeech is too dark for 
you> if -fo, kindle then that Terrellrial lire, and 
fearch and be not afhamcd to make friendfhip 
with Vulcan \ let no pains taking difcourage you, 
and you will rind by the permilfion of the Eter- 
nal God, that the Spirit of Silver all alone con- 
taineththat, which will perftdlrly cure and difpclj 
thcDropfic: Even as the Spirit of Gold, and of 
Mercury, can radically cure the Confumptlon, To 
that even the center it (elf of the faid diftcmpcr 
may not be found. 

But that Silver is not fo provided in its degree 
' with a hot fubitance and quality, in the veins of 
the earth, but is fubjedcd to a wateriih kind ^ 
this fault is to be laid upon the great light of hea- 
ven, which by reafbu of it? wateriih influence 
N n hath 

5 * o J f)e Ai anuM uperAitons 

bath planted this quality into thefecond Cfcaturc' 

and into the fecond Planet of the Earth, as into 

Sjlvcr. And though Silver doth carry wirh it a 

fixed Mercury, or fixed Quick-filver, which h 

born in it : neverthelefs it wanteth the hot fixeci 

Sulphur, which might have exadly dryed up and 

confumed the Flegme, which is the caufe it hath 

not obtained a compad body, Except it be done 

after v/ards by Art of the lefTer World. And be- 

cau{e the body is not folid and compad, by reafon 

of its waterifli fubftance, hence are its pores not 

well flopped up, nor confolidated, that it might 

^ave a due ponderofity, and endure a fight v;ith 

ts enemies. Which vertues ought altogether to 

be found in Gold, if fo be it muft conquer all its 

foes, and endure all the tryals without fault. All 

things are hard and difficult in the beginning, but 

when they are brought to a period, they areeafie 

to be undtriiood and cemprehended. 

It you do rightly obferve and learn to know 
the fpirit and 'ioul of Silver, you will eafily ap- 
prehend the main work, how they muft yeild the 
end of their ufefulneis. Therefore I will pro- 
pofe unto you an example, and inftrudf you by a 
Country rule, what you are to apprehend and to 
confidcr horn child rens play, to things of great 
concernmentjthat you may ad vantagioully enquire 
into, and meditate upon them, viz* A common 
Countryman foweth Linfeed upon a well dunged, 
and v7ell tilled ground, which Linfecd comes forth 
out .of the earth after its putrefadion,by the ope- 
ration and furtherance of the Ekments, and lay- 
€th bjfore our eyes a matter of Fia-x together 
with its Seed, which it bringeth iucrcafed with 
it r which Flax is pluckt oli" and feparatcd from 

of B^tfil Valentine. 5 '^ i 

its Seed. This Flax cannot be lifcd, nor prepa- 
red with any profit tor any work, except it be 
Jirlt ot all putrihcd through Water, by which pu- 
trtfadicn the body unlockcth it felf, andgaineth 
;jn ingreis of its ulctliliuis. After this putretadion 
and unlocking is performed^the Flax is dryed again 
by the Air and the Sun, and through this coagu- 
lation reduced and brought again to a tormal be- 
ing, that it may further (ervc for work. This 
prepared Flax is waflied, beaten, broken , and 
fwinged, laii of all heckled, that the pmtm ah 
impHTj^ the clean from the unclean, the gvols.from 
that which is (ubtill may be {eparated, which 
utherwife is impoifible to be done and performed, 
except tlie aforefaid preparation go before. After- 
wards they Spin this Flax, and it becometb Yarn* 
This Yarn is boiled in Water upon the hre, or laid 
into Lees and placed by the hre, whereby a new 
purification happcneth, that (o the imparity and 
luperfluous uncleannels may be further fevered 
and ieparated. After the Yarn is rightly wafhed 
and cleanfed, it is "dryed, and carried to a Weaver> 
and Cloth made out of it •, whicn Cloth by often 
wetting with Water is clariHed and whited,cut in 
pieces by Taylors, and other people, and ufed ac- 
cording to every Houfe-keepers'neceility. And 
after (uch Linnen Cloth is torn cfcid worn to pie- 
ces, aud as it were reduced to nothing, then arc 
the old raggs pickt, and gathered, and carried to 
a Paper-miil, where the Maitcr inaketh Paper out 
of them, which may likewiie be ufed for feveral 
things. This Paper being laid upon fome Metal 
or Glafs, and tJ^^eu lighted and burnt, the Vegeta- 
ble Mercury goeth then out of the Paper into the 
Air, and flycch away. Toe Salt remaineth in the 
" ' N.a 2 Aihcs> 

$21 The Manual Over at torn 

Alhes, and the burning Sulphur, that which is not 
(b quickly confumed in the burning, is refolvcd 
into an Oil, which i<^ an excellent Medicine for 
dark and bad Eyes. ' Tins reiblved Oil hath in it 
tn cxtraordniary fatnefs, which the matter oi'thc 
Paper hath carried with it from the beginning of 
its hril: Seed of Hax : And thus the laft matter of 
tlax, as Paper, is again refblved into the hrft mat- 
ter, as into the pingued fulphureous oleofity of 
the Linefeed, together with a Reparation, ot its 
Mercuiy and Salt ^ that fb out of the lall,thehrlt 
as the foundation, is made manifelt, and out of 
the iirfl: the virtue and operation is kaown and 

Though this Argument be rude and grofs, yet 
will you learn by It things fecret and fubtil. For 
that which is fubt:], muft be infufcd under grofs 
examples inXo ignorant people ■-> for they are to 
learn, to put oli" tliat which is grofs, and to take 
in that which is fubtil. Thus you arc like wife to 
undcrftand, that the iirff matter of Metals muft be 
obferved, irudicd, and found oiit, through the dit- 
coucry of their laft matter, which lafl matter, as 
there are the abf olute and per^c^ Metals, muft be 
divided and feparated, that it may appear alroge- 
ther naked to a mans IJycs; and then there ifiay be, 
learned o: known by fuch a divilion,what the iirll 
matter hath been in the beginning, out of which 
the lafl: is made. I'hus much ' concerning Silver. 
1 had Icveral things yec tomention,butIvvilIleave 
them for another time : mo/i heartily bcfecching 
you , and exhorting you upon your confcience, 
that you will obferve all thefc things which I have 
diicovcrcd unto you, and- all thefe letters which 
arc c( mprchended betwixt Alfha and Onuiga^ and 


carefully keep all my fayings* and writings, that you 
may not crave pardon For your lins, and Uilfcr evcrlali:- 
ing vengeance to eternity. Lailly, I do impart this yet 
unto you. Take the sky-coloured Sulphur of Silver, 
which hath been extraded out of Silver, and rediried 
by Spirit of Wirlt. Diffolve it according to its weighl 
in the white fpirit of Vitriol, and in thefweet fentcd 
fpirit of Mcrcury,and -coagulate them together through 
afrixation of fire, and you will get the pollellion of 
the white Tindure, and its Medicine. But if you know 
the Frimnm Mobile^ it is then needicfs, becaufe you may 
bring the work to pcrfedion out of one. 

■ C H A P.~ V flT ^ 

Of the Soul orTinaure of f ei^vtcr. 

T He benign Jtfplter is almoft of a middle nature a- 
mongfi all the Metals. He is neitjier too hot, nc)r 
yet too cold, not too warm, nor toomoift. He hath 
not too much of Mercury, nor yet of Salt, and of Sul- 
phur there is kaftof all in him. Pewter is found white 
in its colour j yet of thefe three Principles one doth ex- 
ceed the other, as it hath been clearly difcoverci in its 
divilion, accordrng^to the true enquiry into natures fe- 
crets. Out of this compolition and mixture of the 
three principles, is generated, and wrought, and coa- 
gulated into a Metal, and brought to a maturity of per- 
tedion, Jupiter a God of peace, a- bountiful Governor, 
and a Lord and Prince of the middle Region, as con- 
cerning his elkte, eiTence, profeffion, virtue, form, and 
fubftance i for he keeptth the;imean, and there can hard- 
ly happen any difiemper, where jupitcr may de any 
extraordinary hurt, if his Medicine be iobcriy ufed in 
Hot too great a quantity. It is likt. wife reputed need- . 
Icfs, where his Medicine is not required, toad miniiicr 
ic, not being called tor, to Itrange mlngs: but is juiUy 

Nn . .- r... ..; 

rcfervedfor thcfe, where the body and- di/lempcr have a 
fimilitudeor likenels with the upper ihrs,and their help 
in virtuc^power^and operat!On,and Co agree togaher in 
their conjnn6lion,that there may not be found anycon- 
trarjety,ncitherinthe operation,nor in the operatingna* 
ture.The fpiril oi Jupiter is found fiiclT^that it mayin no 
wife be fpared in the generation of Metals , as like wife 
no fpirit of any Metals may be put by, becauie they 
muft needs concord and agree from the lowelt to the 
higheft degree, if there fhall follow a perftdf metal in 
the Earth, andlikewiie in the little World by tranimu- 
tation and augmentation. Thk is now to be under- 
flood thus, that all degrees, from the lowclt Metal to 
the highcft inperfedion, miuil: be gone through , as like- 
wife the Metals muil perform their courfe from the ve- 
ry Lead toGold^by reafon of the hxednefsof theTin- 
diure and Body, notwithflanding that Saturn keepetH 
the chiefefr place in the highelf Region, wherein the 
Afiri do rci^n, and the Stars do perform their morion. 
The generation of Pewter in and above the Earth, is 
brought to light after the follovving manner. Asa 
Man, and other Beafisare tirii brought up and fed with 
the milk of their Mother, and there is no meat to be 
found upon the face of tlie Earth, more convenient and 
ht for the bringing up of Men than milk^for their meli- 
oration is for the mofc part by an animal Sulphur, which 
ycildeth the nouriH-jment. T^us likcwnfe is Pewter fed 
and brought up by its metaliick Sulphur, which is nioft 
agreeable to it, and (ucketh in more warmth and heat 
than Saturn, and therefore is Jupiter the more digefted 
and rOited, whereby alio his body becomcth more con- 
ftant and fixed in the degree of Salt. 

Jupiter ordcreth that }iis Lurdfnip and Dominions 
ma> be well governed, and juftice be rightly admini- 

:J to everyone in his Court of judicature. The 


Spirit of Jupiter doth prot.d and preferye from all 
diftempersand difeafes incident and hurtful to the Li- 
ver. Its Spirit is naturally, as for its tafle like unto 
honey. Its Mercury being nnade volatile, doth^get a 
venomous quality, for it purgeth vehemently, and pe- 
netrateth with violence. Therefore it is .not always 
good, that its unlockt Quick-filver (hould be thus tim- 
plynfedbyitlclf •, biit it a corredion goerh before, it 
may be very well ufed with exceeding groit uftiulnels 
in thofe diitcmpcrs and difeafes, which are immeaiate- 
ly fubjed: to his influence sithat is to fay, when you have 
taken away from Cedekjel'its venc^nous volatility, and 
it is placed into a better and more tixed eftate, which 
doth refift poKon. •- r 

This defcription will tranfcend the capacity ot a 
common Phyfictan, becaufbthis Art and Science doth 
not coniiit in bare words, but cometh by experience: 
in words hath a common Phyfician his end and foun- 
dation s but the preparation of our Medlcme dotn be- 
gin with words, but its foundation is in a certain tryal 
to be made by experience, which foundation is laid up- 
on a hard Rock by manual operation. But the other 
upon a leaking Reed, and mcer Sands therefore that 
which is hrm and unmoveable, made by the hands ot 
Nature, is iufdy preferred before bare words, which do 
flow from an incoiiftant fantaitick fpeculation, becaufe 
the workmanfhip commends always its Maikr. 

I do not fpeak now after my Poetical manner, nor 
do I write in that ftile, which I have ufed in the difco- 
very of that miraculous nativity of the ieven Planets 
in my Occults Fhiloffhh;n6tha do I make ufe of a ma- 
gical or cabaHftical manner. !> much Icis do I obferve tfc 
Method oi thoie, which have induikloally uudied and 
Icarn-d the ies-rct, h'dden, and (dpernatural Arts, as 
th re are R^Jromxriia-, ■Mrommtu^ Geomantia, Tyr - 

>^ 11 ^ mmiWi 

5 56 The MariUrJOpera^ion^ 

mantia^ Nig^'om.nitia^ aiui the like : but my purpole and 
intention for the prtfcnt is to difcover thelccrecsof 
Nature, that the Lovers of Art, and Children of this 
(earching and defired wifdom, may, by the blelfing, 
mercy, and permiifion of God, apprehend, obferve, 
and ftudy them, and after a diligent obfervation may 
learn and keep feme ufcful things, as well concerning 
the generation of Metals in two parts, in the greater 
and lefler world, as alfo the true medicine, which theie 
Metallick and Mineral forms do contain in their in- 
ward parts, which are apprehended and demonftrated 
by dividing, that their fni\ beginning is notorioully 
manifefied in three feveral things. Then is Nature un 
covered, and the fecret parts are laid open by putting 
otf the temporal cloths, and all i^s fecret virtue, pow- 
er, and operation difcovered for the good and health of 
Mankind. My pcrfccutors and unskillful Phylicians 
will fay, you fpeak much of Geefe, and I do not know 
the Ducks yet ^ who knowcth whether every thing 
be true, which you have Cct down for truth in your 
writings. I will (lick to the things I have experience 
of, and which are pradifed by my fellow Phylicians v 
thus fliall I continue undeceived, and I do alTuredly 
know, that I need not take any pains for to learn no- 
velties. He that is of fucli a reiolution, will certainly 
abide with his Ducks, and never defcrve rofted Gecfc, 
tolearMthefecrets of Nature. 

Eut I do finccrely confefs, and call the mpft High 
Trinity to witneis, under the lofs of the nobleft fpiri- 
tual jewei, thaj whatfoever I have vvritten, and fhall 
yet write here, is truth,and will- be found to be nothing 
cKt but truth. But that every under/landing, and every 
common Man, but efpecially thofethat arehateisand 
pcilecutors of theic fecrets, do not undcrliand my Vv^rit- 
^? io well and,tb clcariy, this;llay, I cannot help. 


of BafiJ Valentine. 527 

Pray you t(^ God for His grace, and you perfecutors ask 
him forgivenefs, work chcarfully, and ufe your reafon 
when you read, and there will be no (ecret to abftrufe 
for you, but you will by enquiry find it out. More- 
over, I do exhort you, that whofoever findeth out this 
gift of God, may without intermiliion, day and night, 
oifer moft hearty thanks with all humility, and reve- 
rence, and due obedience to God the Creatour chiefly : 
becaufe no Creature is capable to render fufficient 
thanks, which might equalife this benefit : therefore 
diligence is to be known by a true and real induftry, ac- 
cording to ones power. I have done my due, for which 
I intend to. anfwer to God and the World j> for what 
thefe eyes of mine have feen, my hands have felt, and 
my felf with reafon infallibly comprehended, (hall no 
body take away from me in this life, death excepted, 
which doth feparate all things. 

I have not indeed been forced to write theft thin;»s, 
but whatfoever I have done, I have neither done out of 
ralhnefs, nor yet out of a defire to get to my felf a 
temporal lafting Name '•» but I have been put upon it 
by the command of Chrift the Lord, that his Majefly 
and Mercy, in Eternal and Temporal things, may not 
be hid from any man, but may be manifejfted to the 
praife, hoi^our, and glory of his holy and evcrlafling 
Name, that it may be, by reafon of its omnipotency, 
confirmed by the performing of great miracles, magni- 
fied, acknowledged, and injits Majefty e^calted. 

The feDond thingjthat moved me to write this, was 
Chriftian charity to my Neighbour, ti) do him as much 
good as to my ielf, and thereby to heap fiery coals up- 
on the heads of mine enemies. 

. And laftly, that all my adverfarics likewife might ac- 
knowledge, what errors or by paths others had been 
in, in comparifoa to me, and who had moft td it h fully 


5^8 The Manual Operations 

difcovcred Nittircs Arcana^ whether I vMto be con- 
demned, or they to be iuftlHcdr And then laft of all, 
that the higheft miltcry might not be altogether choak- 
ed in darknefs, nor overwhehned by the (welling wa- 
ters, but being freed from the miry and filthy ditches of 
a fimple and ignorant crue, might get many witnefleS| 
by fpreading abroad of a true, certain, and due ac - 
klpwledgment, to follow my footftcps in difcovcring 
the- truth.' 

*'^^They attribute to me in my Lordfhip, of the 12. 

"3t§i^s of the Stars of- heaven, the Archer and Fifhef, 

^c^bf rhefelam born, bccauic I was in an aquofity 

^before I began to live", but the Archer hath fixed his 

Arrow into my heart, tliat I having loii this jaqtiofity 

ioT'mine, was made worthy of the dry earth : And 

tliough the earth wis brought into a foft {ubfiance by 

the Water, yet are you to know, that the Water was 

.confumed through the dry and warm Air, and fo all the 

foft matter of the Earth being vanillied, I was made 

worthy to receive that hardnels by the aforefaid exfic- 


By^this, as well the Scholar as the wife man, are to 
take good notice and diligently to obferve, that Jufiter, 
as well as other the chiefett Planets,is fubjp|t to the tour 
Elements, which Elements have received tneir Centrum 
from above, and are born as others are. 

To conclude all, I will let you know, tliat if you do 
cxtrad out of the benigne Jupiter his Salt and Sulphur, 
and make Saturn flow very well together with them, 
Saturn doth get a fixed body, is purified, and becometh 
clear by them, and is a total change, and real tranlmu- 
tation of Lead into good Pewter, as you will find it up- 
on a rnort accurate trial. And though this may fcem to 
you not to be true,yet areyoutoundcribnd,tha* by rea- 
lon that the Salt ot Jn^mr is made more corporeal only 


cf BLifil Valentine. 5^9 

by its Sulphur, it likewifc hath received an efficacy and 
a power to penetrate Sstnm^ as the vilefi: and moft vo- 
latile Metal, and to bring it to its own Tubftancc by 
making it better, as you will really iind it to"be fo. 

CHAP, ix! ^ 

Of the Spirit cf Saturn cr 'iinUun sf Lead* 

SAtuT/i to generate his Metal, which is Lead, is pla- . 
ced in the upper Heaven above all the Stars. But 
in the lower parts of the Earth he'doth keep the low- 
ell degree. As the uppermoii light of Sautrn^is nnount- 
ed to the higheft altitude of all the lights of Heaven i 
fo like wife in imitation of the fame, hath Nature giv- 
en leave and permitted, that his Children of the lowei:^ 
Region have retired themfelves by Vulcan to thoit. ot 
their quality, according as Saturn hath been moved. 
For the upper Light is thecaufe of it, and hath gene- 
rated an unfixed body of Lead, through v^hich g© and 
arc drawn open pores, that the Air can have its palBge 
through this Saturnine body, and bear it up. But tb 
nre eafily worketh upon and confumeth it, bcc 
the body is not folid and compadt by reafon cf it 
hxednels. This is well to be obferved by a fer?^ 
quirer into all things •, becaufe there is a vaft ■ ' 

betwixt fixed and unfixed bodies, and thenjthu . ,, <i 
thisfix:edners and unfixednefs: And though' S'>i«r'^, 
is of a (ingular ponderofity before other Metals > yet 
will you obierve, that when they are poured out toge- 
ther, after their conjundion in the melting of them, 
the other Metals will always fall to the bottome,as'iIlie- 
wife it happeneth with ether Metals, by pouring them 
through Antimony. Whereby it doth appear, thar o- 
ther Metals have a more folid and (^mpad: body, than 
SaXiirn(:d.i\ raife \ becaufe it mult^ive place to other 
Metals, make room for them,andyeild the vidory :for 


■ If 3 o I'he Manud Opr/at/.o^;s 

/ vanifheth away, and IsconiiimcJ together with thefe 
iinconllant and unhxed Metals. For there are the three 
groffcft qualities of the three principles in Satum^ ^and 
by rcafon tliat its Salt is altogether fluid in conaparifon 
toWncr Metals and Planets, therefore is like wife its bo- 
dy mort^uid, inconftant, unfixed, and more volatile^ 
than any Mctallick body. 

How Saturn doth proceed towards his regeneration, 
you arc to know, that as common Water through na- 
tural cold, by the alteration of the, upper Heaven is 
congealed,ro that it become ^h a coagulated Ice : (b liAc- 
wife it is demonftrated, that Lead is coagulated and 
made corporeal by rcaton of the great cold, which is 
found in its Salt before any other Salt. The congealed 
Ice is refolved through warmth, and fo is the coagula* 
ted Lead made fluid by fire. It hath moil Mercury ia 
it, yet inconflant and volatile : But le(s of Sulphur,and 
therefore according to the fmall quantity of the fame, 
its cold body cannot be heated i and left of all of- Salt, 
but fluid : otherwife the Iron would be more liquid 
andmalleable.than5'^t«r//,if the Salt alone could im- 
part both the malleablenefs and fluidity, bccaufe Iron 
doth carry with it more Salt than any other Mctal.And 
being there is a difference to be found in thefe things, 
you muft carefully obfcrve how Metals are to be diflin- 
guifhed. All the Phiiofophers indeed, beiides my felf, 
have written, that the Salt caufeththe coagulation, and 
the body of every Metal : And this is true, but I (halJ 
let you fee by an example, how this is to be underftood. 
jilumeH flumafum is vc^utcd and probably accounted 
t© be a meer Salt, and herein may be compared to Iron, 
which Salt of the aforefaid Alumcn flmiojltmis never- 
thelefs found to be as a mitter, and not liquid like Iron. 
On the contrary. Vitriol doth fi-iew it ieif like Salt hi 
t fmall quantity, yet liquid and open > and therefore its 


Of Bafil Valentine. 5 3 . 

Salt cannot caufe Co hard a coagulation in its appropri- 
ated Metal, as that other Salt doth. Although all the 
Saks of Metals are grown out ot one root, and cn^ 
feed, yet is there a difference of their three principles 
to be obfcrved : As one herb diliers from the other ,an<i 
likewifeinMen and other Beads a difference is found as 
concerning the original of their qualities.,and th<.ir three 
principles, where one Herb hath Tomething more of 
this, another Herb more of that kind i which is like- 
wife to be underfiood of Men and Beafts,* The foul of 
Lead is of a fweet quality, as alfo the foul of Jupiter^ 
and yet (weeter, fo that as for fweetn«fs there is hardly 
anything comparable to it, being tirft highly purified 
by reparation, that the pure being very well fevered 
from the impure, there may follow a compleatperfe- 
^ion in the operation. Otherwife the fpirit of Lead 
is naturally ecld and dry, therefore I do advife both 
Men and Women not to make too much ufe of it, for 
itover-cooleth Humane Nature^ that their feed cannot 
pcrfed or perforui its natural operation , nor is it good 
tor the Spleen and bladder. It doth attract the flegma- 
tick quality, which breedeth melancholyin Men. For 
Saturn is a Governour, and fuch a melancholy one, 
whereby a Man is upheld'and (trengthned in his n>elan^ 
choly : Therefore if its fpirit be ufed, one melancholy 
fpirit doth attradt the other, whereby a mans body is 
freed and releafed from its iufufed melancholy. Out- 
wardly is the foul of Sainrn very wholefome in all fores 
and wounds, whether they be old or green, whether 
they happen by thrufting or cuting, or naturally by 
means incident, fo that hardly any other Metal will do 
the like. It is a cooling thing in all hot aiid fwcHcd 
Members > but to eat aw^ay, and to lay a foundation 
for healing in all corrupt and putrified fores, which 
have their iifuini forth from within, there the noLk 

32 The 2\4anualO'0eratiois 

Venus hath the pre-eminency > becaufe Copper is hot in 
i EiTence to exllccate and dry up,but Lead on the cdn- 
ytfary is found to be cold in its EHeace. 
^ That heavenly Light of the Sun is much hotter than 
V the Light of the Moon, becaufe the Moon is much Icfs- 
cr than the Sun, which doth comprehend the eight part 
of magnitude in the circle of meafuring and dividing. 
And if the Moon fliould exceed the Sun in this magni- 
tude of the eight part, as the Sun doth exceed the 
Moon ', then 'all the fiuit, and whatfoever groweth up- 
on the earth would be fpoiled, and there would be a 
continual Winter, and no Summer would be tound* 
Butthe eternal Creatour hath herein wifely prefcribed 
a certain order and law to his Creatures, that the Sun 
fhould give light by day, and the Moon by night, and 
thus be lerviceable to all Creatures. 

Tliofe Children which are addidred to the influence 
oi Saturn^ are melancholy, far! y, always murmuring, 
like old covetous mifers, which do not good to their 
own bodies, and are never fatisiied 5^;^hey ufe their bo- 
dies to hard labour, vex and fret themielves with trou- 
blefome ihouglits, and are very feldome fo cheerful as 
to recreate themfclves w^ith other people, neitiier do 
they care much for natural lo^^e of handlome and beau- 
tiful women, 

To Aim up all, I do tell you, that Saturn is generated 
out of little Sulphur, little Salt, and much immature 
and grols Mercury •, which Mercury is to be accounted . 
like skum or froth, which fwimeth upon the v/ater, in 
. comparilbn to that Mercury which is found in Gold, 
being of a much hotter degree. Hence it is, that the 
Mercury of Saturn hath not fo frcfh and fo running a 
life, as that which is niade out ot Gold, becaule more 
heat is found in this, to which the running life oweth 
its original, Therefore it is like wife to be obferved in 


: inferiour world ot/the little Vulcan^m the augmcn- 
ion and tranfmutation ot Metals, what defcripticn 
;ave given you of thefe three principles of Satur:^ 
nceniing their original, quality, and complexion, 
d every one is to know, that no tranfmutation cf 
y Metal can arife frotn Saturn^ by reafon ot its great 
Id, except the coagulation of Mercury : btcaufe the 
Id Sulphur of Lead can quench and takt awayjthe hot 
nning fpirit of Quick-iilver, if the Procefs be right- 
pertormed , therefore it is rightly to be obferved, 
It the Method bLtib kept, that the Theory may agree 
ith the pra^ice, and concurr in a certain meafure and 
ncord. Wherefore you mult not altogether rejed: 
iturn^ nor vilify and difparage it ^ for its nature aud 
rtue is not as yet known but to. a few ■. For the Stone 
the Philofophers hath the hrft beginin^ of its hea- 
nly refplcndent Tindure only from mm Metal, and 
infufion of this Planet^ is the Key orfixedncfs deli- 
red to it through putrefadfion \ becaufe that out of 
c yellow there cannot come any red thing, except 
ere be firil: made out of the beginning of the black a 
bite one. 

There are yet many things to be treated of, as of 
any miracles of natural and fupernatural things v but 
:caufe fome other bulmefs hath hindered me from 
akirtg a more ample and fuller relation of them, I 
all here conclude this Treatife of rrane > and the ref^ 
ncerning the hidden fecrcts of Minerals, you (hall 
^ve in other writings, viz* in a peculiar book of An- 
Tiony, Vitriol, Sulphur, Loadftone, and which more, 
pecially before others are endowed, and do adhere to 
em, from which Gold and Siiver derive their crigi- 
.1, middle, and end i, together with the true tranfmu- 
tion in particular i, which their virtues, powers, and 
icacies they have received out ef one thing, • wherein 


^ -, «. ^'- Trjt jvi anuai uverattcr^s 
theic, together with the reft of Metals invifibly Co hz 
generated, are hidden, which matter is clear aad plaii. 
enough before any mans eyes i but becaufe its virtue 
power, and efficacy, lyeth buried very deep, and is un- 
known to the greater part, therefore is this matter like- 
wife accounted and efteemed, abjed, vile, and unlit, foi 
want of true knowledge of it', till the D'fciples oi 
Chrift travelling toward Ew^/;«f,have their eyes open- 
ed, that theydifcern by the Breaking of Bread, what 
wonderful Vniracles the rich Creatour hath planted and 
put into a contemptable Creature : Its Name is Hermes 
in its Armes there is a flying Serpent, which is its Wife, 
and is QdXhA AfhroditiZ^ that can fearch all mens hearts ■ 
and yet it is all one, and one only thing, and one on) 
Being, which is common every where, and known ii 
all places ; |M;y one doth touch and handle it, and 
doth ufe it tPftiings bafe and vile. Man doth highly 
cfteem that which is of fmall value, and rzy.^s that 
which is High. It is nothing elfe but Fire and Water, 
out of which the Earth with alhftance of the Air is 
generated, and by which it is as yet prefcrved. I do 
give molt hearty thanks to the moll High for his gitts. 
And thus having difcovered enough, according to the 
Tcfolution I had taken in this Treatifc of mine, I take 
my leave. All will be found in the fcparation. 

F I N I :>.