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Full text of "The Lawrenceburg Baptist cook book"

The Lawrenceburg 
Baptist Cook Book 



'l^^ 




compiled by 

THE LADIES' AID SOCIETY OF THE 

BAPTIST CHURCH 




Class. 1 X 1 11 

Book J=17- 

GoRyrightN" 

C0F«!1GHT DEPOStr. 



The Lawrencehurg 
Baptist Cook Book. 




Compiled By 

The Ladies' Aid Society of the 
Baptist Church, 

Lawrencehurg^ Ky. 



^ 

^S? 



PENTECOSTAL PUBLISHING COMPANY. PUBLISHERS. 
LOUISVILLE. KY. 



TXn 15 
.■L31 



(Topyrlgbta^ 1913 b? 

Bbe TLaftles" 12\.l6 SocUty of I3I)« ^^apUsl (Tburcb. 

'{.awrenceburg. ~3if. 



0^ 



Preface. 

^^f <^* c^* ^^ 

The numerous calls for our cook book has made nec- 
essary the issuance of this edition, which we give to the 
public in a revised and enlarged form, believing it will 
meet with favor. A great many new recipes have been 
added, which are the contributions of some of our best 
housewives; to them and to all \Vho have rendered assist- 
ance, we wish to gratefully acknowledge our indebtedness. 
It is with the hope that we have done something toward 
the improvement of human food, that we send this vol- 
ume forth. 

THE BAPTIST LADIES' AID SOCIETY. 



CONTENTS. 



Page. 




Page. 


Table of Weights and 




SOUPS. 




Measures 

Table of Proportions . 


..13 
..14 


To Clarify Soup Stock.. 26 
Soup Stock 26 


BREADS. 




Bouillon 


...27 






White Soup 


...27 


Pone Bread 


.15 


Vegetable Soup .... 


...28 


Corn Bread 


.•15 


Chicken Soup 


...28 


Cornmeal Muffins . . . 


••15 


Calfs' Head Soup . . . 


...28 


Batter Cakes 


• -15 


Chicken Gumbo . . . 


...29 


Hot Water Corn Bread 


I 16 


Gumbo File 


...29 


Spoon Bread 


..16 


Oyster Soup 


...29 


Soda Biscuit 


..16 


Potato Soup 


...29 


Biscuit 


..16 


Tomato Soup 


...30 


Baking Powder Biscuit 


.17 


Tomato Bouillon . . . 


...30 


Drop Biscuits 


• -17 


Cream of Tomato Soup.. 31 


Beaten Biscuits . . . 


..17 


Cream of Corn Soup . 


...31' 


Beaten Biscuits No. 2.. 


..17 


Cream of Celery Soup 


..31 


French Rolls 


..18 


Cream of Asparagus Soup 31 


Potato Rolls 


..18 


Amber Soup 


...32 


Magic Yeast 


..18 


Caramel for Coloring 




Light Rolls 


..19 


Soups and Sauces . 


...32 


Quick Sally Lunn .... 
Sally Lunn 


..19 
. .19 


Black Bean Souo .... 


. . ^2 


X^XCIV^XV A_/\^C4AA V-'V^L*!^/ .... 

Noodles for Soup . . . 


• • • 0^ 
'■■33 


Raisin Bread 


..20 


Croutons 


■ ■■33 


Cinnamon Rolls .... 


..20 


Forcemeat Balls . . . 


■ ■■33 


Hot Cross Buns 


. .21 


Egg Balls 


'■■33 


Bread Sticks 

Salt Rising Bread . . . 


..21 
..22 


FISH AND OYSTE 


RS. 


Boston Brown Bread . . 


. .22 


Baked Fish 


...34 


Brown Bread 


•.23 


Baked Fish No. 2 ... 


• ••34 


Popovers 


..23 


Boiled Fish 


..•34 


Buckwheat Cakes . . . 


•.23 


Fish Pudding 


...35 


Buckwheat Cakes (with 




Salmon Turbot .... 


...35 


out yeast) 


. .24 


Fish Timbale 


...36 


Rice Cakes 


. .24 


Fish Balls 


.■■36 


Pancakes 


..24 


Fried Oysters 


...36 


Waffles 


..24 


Scalloped Oysters . . 


.■.36 


Graham Wafers 


..24 


Oyster Cocktails . . . 


■■37 


Nut Bread 


. .25 


Scrambled Eggs and 




Fried Toast 


..25 


Oysters 


■ ■■37 


Cornmeal Mush .... 


.•25 


Oyster Pie 


■ ■■37 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



^^S^- 


Page. 


Oyster Fritters 


•38 


key 


51 


Creamed Oysters in 




Chestnut Stuffing 


51 


Toast Cups 


.38 


Celery Stuffing 


51 


Oyster Patties 


.38 


Duck Stuffing 


51 


Panned Oysters 


.39 


Meat Loaf of Left-Overs 


51 


MEATS. 




ENTREES. 




Boiling 


.40 


Croquettes 


52 


Frying 


.40 


Chicken Croquettes . . . 


52 


Roasting 


.40 


Ham Croquettes 


53 


Broiling 


.41 


Salmon Croquettes . . . . 


53 


Larding 


.41 


Cheese Croquettes .... 


53 


To Broil Steak 


.41 


Egg Croquettes 


54 


Rolled Steak 


.41 


Nut Croquettes 


54 


Ham Toast 


.42 


Beef Loaf 


54 


Hamburg Steak 


.42 


Chicken Loaf 


54 


Beefsteak Fritters . . . 


.42 


Boudans 


55 


Fried Liver 


•43 


Egg Timbals 


55 


French Pot Roast 


•43 


Chicken a la Terrapin. 


55 


Stuffed Stew 


• 43 


Chicken Mousse 


56 


Fricassee of Dried Beef. 


• 43 


Stuffed Peppers with 




Meat Balls 


• 44 


Tomato Sauce 


56 


Creamed Turkey or 




Creamed Chicken in Po- 




Chicken Hash .... 


•44 


tota Shells 


56 


Baked Hash 


•44 


Timbal Shells 


57 


Fried Chicken 


•44 


Chicken Timbals 


57 


Chicken Pie 


•45 


Creamed Celery and 




Chicken Pie No. 2 


.45 


Chicken 


57 


Chicken Pudding 


•45 


Creamed Sweetbreads . . 


58 


Salmi of Chicken 


.46 
.46 


Sweetbread Cutlets .... 


58 


Smothered Chicken . . . 


Creamed Brains 


58 


Broiled Chicken .... 


•46 


Brains With Eggs 


59 


A Spanish Steak 


•47 


Souffle of Mushrooms.. 


59 


Breaded Lamb Chops... 


•47 


Salmon Souffle 


59 


Saddle of Mutton 


•A1 


Aspic Jelly 


60 


Seasoning for Sausage . 


.47 


Jellied Chicken 


60 


Mutton in Casserole . . . 


.48 






Sausage Roll 


.48 


SAUCES FOR MEAT 




Fried Ham 


.48 


AND FISH. 




To Cook a Ham 


•48 


White or Cream Sauce. 


61 


To Keep Sausage 


•40 


Nut Sauce 


61 


To Boil a Ham 


.40 


Brown Sauce 


61 


A Cider Boiled Ham . . . 


. 40 


Drawn Butter Sauce.... 


61 


Broiled Quail on Toast. 


.50 


Mushroom or Sweet 




Roast Turkey 


■50 


Bread Sauce 


62 


Oyster Stuffing for Tur- 




Egg Sauce 


62 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



Page. 

Tomato Sauce 62 

Pimento Sauce 62 

Cream Cucumber Sauce.. 62 

Mint Sauce 63 

Sauce for Cold Meats. ..63 

Tartar Sauce 63 

Hollandaise Sauce 63 

Bearnaise Sauce 64 

Mustard 64 

Horseradish for Winter 

Use 64 

Cranberrj^ Sauce 64 

VEGETABLES. 

How to Cook Beans ...65 

Boiled Potatoes 65 

Stufifed Potatoes 65 

Scalloped Potatoes 66 

Potatoes Au Gratin 66 

Saratoga Chips 66 

O'Brien Potatoes 66 

Parisienne Potatoes ....67 

Potato Croquettes 67 

Sweet Potatoes 67 

Scalloped Sweet Potatoes. 67 

Cauliflower 68 

Kershaw 68 

Corn Pudding 68 

Corn Fritters 68 

Fried Corn 68 

Creole Green Corn 6g 

Peppers 69 

Stewed Peppers 6q 

Fried Green Tomatoes ..70 

StufTed Tomatoes 70 

Young Onions 70 

Stufifed Onions 70 

Boiled Rice With Cheese 

Sauce 71 

Cheese Sauce 7^ 

Cheese and Rice 7^ 

Rice Croquettes 7^ 

Macaroni 72 

Asparagus Tips 7'^ 

Creamed Cabbage 72 

Salsify 72 



Page. 

Fried Egg Plant 72 

Creamed Celery 73 

Filled Celery 73 

Cucumbers 73 

Vegetable Rarebit 74 

To Stew Dried Fruit 74 

Baked Pineapple 74 

Baked Pears 74 

Baked Apples 75 

Fried Bananas 75 

EGGS. 

To boil Eggs 76 

Poached Eggs 76 

Shirred Eggs 76 

Scrambled Eggs 76 

Dressed Eggs 77 

Dressed Eggs No. 2 77 

Scalloped Eggs 77 

Omelet 77 

Omelet No. 2 78 

Spanish Omelet 78 

Swiss Omelet 78 

Swiss Eggs 79 

CHEESE. 

Cheese Fondu . . . 
Cheese Ramekins . . 
Cheese Straws . . . 
Cheese Wafers . • . 
Cottage Cheese . . 
Welsh Rabbit . . . 

SALAD. 
Waldorf Salad .... 
Grape Salad .... 
^"egetable Salad . . 
Banana Salad . . . 
Pierian Banquet Sal 
Peach Salad . 
Fruit Salad in 
Baskets . . 
Fruit Cocktail. 
T^ruit Salad . 
Pimento Salad 
Fruit Salad . 
Fruit Salad . . 



Oran 



.80 
.80 
.80 
.81 
.81 
.81 

.82 
.82 
.82 
.82 
.82 
.83 

.83 
.83 
.83 
.83 
.84 
.84 



8 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



Page. 

84 
85 



Fruit Salad No. 2 
Cheese Salad . . . . 

Asparagus Salad 05 

Cucumber Salad 85 

Tomato and Cucumber 

Jelly Salad 86 

Tomato Jelly 86 

Tomatoes Stuffed with 

Cucumbers 86 

Chicken Salad 87 

Cucumber Ribbons . . . .87 
To Shred Lettuce 87 

SALAD DRESSING. 

Mayonnaise Dressing . . .88 

Salad Dressing 88 

Salad Dressing No. 2.. ..88 
Mayonnaise (uncooked).. 89 

Olive Oil Dressing 89 

Dressing for Slaw 89 

French Dressing 90 

SANDWICHES. 

Chicken Sandwiches . . .91 
Peanut Sandwiches . . .91 

Nut Sandwiches 91 

Sandwiches 92 

Ham Sandwiches 92 

Cheese Sandwiches . . . .92 

Fruit Sandwiches 92 

Celery Sandwiches 93 

Lettuce Sandwiches . ...93 
Brown Bread Sandwiches. 93 

Cheese Canapes 93 

Layer Sandwiches 93 

Date Sandwiches 94 



BEVERAGES. 

Coffee 95 

Tea 95 

Iced Tea 95 

Chocolate 96 

Egg Chocolate (one 

glass) 96 

Matinee Punch 96 

Fruit Punch 96 

Raspberry Shrub 97 



Page. 

Blackberry Shrub 97 

Blackberry Acid 97 

Grape Juice 98 

How to Fill and Seal 

Bottles 98 

Syrup for Lemonade. .. .98 

PASTRY. 



Puff Paste 

Plain Paste 

Pastry 

Pastry for Short Cake 
Fruit, Pies, Etc 



• 99 

99 

100 

100 

Meringue for Pies 100 

Lemon Pie (one pie) .... 100 

Lemon Pie 100 

Orange Pie loi 

Cream Pies loi 

Cream Pies No. 2 loi 

Cream Pies (Three 

pies) 102 

Cream Pie 102 

Cream Pie 102 

Jelly Pie 102 

Chocolate Pie 103 

Chocolate Pie Without 

Meringue 103 

Buttermilk Pie 103 

Cocoanut Pie 103 

Pineapple Pie 104 

Mock Mince Pie 104 

Caramel Pie 104 

Caramel Pie No. 2 T04 

Jam Pie los 

Bob Andy Pie 105 

Butterscotch Pie T05 

Apple Pie 10; 

Molasses Pie to6 

Stack Pies 106 

Rhubarb Meringue Pie . to6 

Rhubarb Pie 106 

Pumpkin Pie T07 

Mock Cherry Pie 107 

Amber Pie 107 

Green Tomato Mince- 
meat 107 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



Page. 

, . . io8 
. ..io8 



Mince Meat . . . 
Mince Meat No. 

DESSERTS. 

Apple Dumplings 109 

Cocoanut Roll 109 

Fritters no 

Bell Fritters iro 

Cream Puffs no 

Peach Pudding no 

Queen of Puddings in 

Orange Roly Poly n i 

Rice Pudding in 

Brown Betty 112 

Peach Betty 112 

Jerusalem Pudding ....112 

Date Pudding 112 

Prune Pudding 113 

Thanksgiving Pudding.. 113 
A Delmonico Pudding ..113 
Woodford Pudding .. ..113 

German Puffs IT4 

Favorite Pudding . . ..114 

Ginger Pudding 114 

Sponge Roll 115 

Rolled Jelly Cake . . ..115 

Raisin Puff 115 

• Lizzie's Hot Cake 115 

Inexpensive Cake for 

Sauce 115 



Suet Pudding 

Fig Pudding 

Plum Pudding 

Plum Pudding No. 2 . . 

Tapioca Pudding 

Boiled Custard 

Quaking Custard . ... 
Baked Orange Custard 
-VTarshmallow Pudding 

Maple Sponge 

Pineapple Sponge . . . 

Chocolate Jelly 

Fruit Pudding 

Snow Jelly 



tt6 
116 
it6 
n6 

IT/ 

T17 

itR 

.tt8 

.tt8 

.T19 
.119 
.119 
. 120 

.I2T 



9 

Page, 

Lemon Jelly 121 

Orange Jelly 121 

Bavarian Cream or Char - 

lotte Russe 121 

Charlotte Russe (white) 121 
Raspberry Bavarian 

Cream 122 

Orange Charlotte 122 

Ambrosia 123 

Strawberry Shortcake . . 123 

SAUCES FOR DESSERTS 

Sauce for Apple Dump- 
lings 124 

Sauce for Plum Pudding 124 

Favorite Sauce 124 

Foam Sauce 124 

Hard Sauce 125 

Hard- Sauce No. 2 ....125 

Cold Lemon Sauce 125 

Hot Lemon Sauce 125 

Oradnge Sauce for Pud- 
ding 125 

Caramel Sauce 126 

Chocolate Sauce . . ..126 

Cream Sauce 126 

Plain Sauce . . 126 

CAKES. 

Cake 127 

How to Mix Plain Cake 128 
To Mix Sponge Cake 

or Angel Food 128 

How to Mix Fruit Cake 129 
Snow Mountain Cake . . 129 

White Lily Cake 129 

Three Egg Cake 130 

White Cake 130 

White Loaf Cake . . . . 130 

Two Egg Cake 130 

White Cake 130 

Plain Cup Cake 131 

Cream Cake 131 

Feather Cake 131 

One. Two, Three, Four 
Cake 131 



10 



TABLE OF 
Page. 



Nut Cake 

Orange Cake . . . 
Orange Cake No, 2 
Sponge Cake (Never 

Fails) 

Sponge Cake . . . 
Sponge Muffins . 
Angel Food . . . 
x\ngel Food No. 2 

Angel Food 

Economical Spice Cake 

Pound Cake 

Lady Baltimore Cake 

Marble Cake 

Chocolate Marble Cake 

Devil's Food 

Chocolate Sponge Cak 
Chocolate Nut Cake . . 
Apple Spice Cake 
Apple Sauce Cake 
Jam Cake . . . 
Jam Layer Cake. 
Mince Meat Cake 
Fig Cake .... 
Fruit Cake .... 
Uncooked Fruit Cake 
Cooking Club White 

Fruit Cake 

White Fruit Cake . . . 
Hickory Nut Cake. . . 

Pecan Cake 

Pecan Cake , 

Black Cake 

Black Fruit Cake . . . 

Black Cake 

Fruit Cake 

Caramel Teacakes . 

Sand Tarts 

Hot Drop Cakes . . . 

Doughnuts 

Brown Sugar Teacakes 
Scotch Cakes . . 
Oatmeal Cookies 

Rocks 

Marguerites . . 
Tea Cakes , , . 



131 
132 
132 

133 
133 
133 
133 
133 
134 
134 
134 
134 
135 
135 
135 
136 
136 
136 
136 
137 
137 
U7 
138 
138 
138 

139 
139 
139 
139 
140 
140 
140 
140 
141 
141 
141 
142 
142 
142 
142 
143 
143 
143 
144 



CONTENTS. 

Page. 

Ammonia Tea Cakes . . . 144 

Cookies 144 

Ginger Cake 144 

Ginger Snaps 145 

Ginger Snaps No. 2.... 145 

FILLINGS FOR CAKES. 



Icing (No .1) 

Icing (No. 2) 

Marshmallow Icing 
Cocoanut Filling . 



Chocolate Coated Icing 147 



Chocolate Icing 
Chocolate Filling . . . 

Maple Icing 

Hickory Nut Filling 
Caramel Filling . . . 
Cream Icing . . . 
Uncooked Icing . 
Divinity Icing . , 
Lemon Butter . . . 
Orange Icing . , . 
Fondant Icing . . . 

ICES. 

French Ice Cream 
Plain Ice Cream .. 
Custard Ice Cream. 
Crushed Fruit Ice 

Cream 

Caramel Ice Cream 
Peach or Apple Ice 

Cream 

Peppermint Ice Cream 



.146 
. 146 
. 146 
147 



Almond Caramel Cream 153 



Banana Cream 
Chocolate Ice Cream 
Sliced Peach Melba . 
Bisque or Macaroon 

Ice Cream 

Biscuit Tartoni 

Vanilla Parfait 

Nut Parfait 

Maraschino Parfait . , 
Frozen Pudding . . . , 
Strawberry Mousse . . 



.147 
.147 
.148 
.148 
.148 
.148 
.149 
.149 
.149 
.149 
.150 



151 
151 
151 



.152 
.152 

.152 

[52 



.153 
.153 
.153 

.154 
•154 
.154 
.155 
• 155 
.155 
.156 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



Mock Pistachio Ice 
Cream 

Sherry Bisque . . 

Lemon Sherbet . 

Fruit Sherbet . . 

Orange Ice .... 

Orange Delicious. 

Orange Sherbet. . 

Canteloupe Ice. . . 

Pineapple Sherbet 

Apricot Ice . . . 

Grape Ice 

Milk Sherbet. . 

Mint Sherbet . . 

Cranberry Sherbet 

Cherry Ice 

Glace or Fruit Ice 

Fruit Frappe . . . 

Frozen Punch . . 

Fruit Sherbet . . . 

Angel Cake Cases for 
Ice Cream 



Page. 



156 
156 
157 
157 
157 
157 
158 
i=;8 
158 
158 
159 
159 
159 
160 
160 
160 
161 
161 
161 



II 

Page. 

..166 



161 



SAUCES FOR ICE 
CREAM. 



Orange Sauce 

Maple Sauce 

Sauce for Ice Cream 

Fruit Sauce 

Hot Chocolate Sauce 
Sauce for Frozen 
Pudding 



.162 
.162 
.162 
. 162 
.163 

.163 



PRESERVES, JELLIES, 
ETC. 

Crab Apple Jelly 164 

To Keep Jelly From 

Moulding 164 

Blackberry Jam 164 

Cranberry Jam 165 

Raspberry Jam 165 

Orange Marmalade .... 165 
Pineapple and Straw 

berry Preserves . ...165 



Quince Honey 

Sun Cooked Strawberry 

Preserves 166 

To Can Berries 166 

How to Sterilize Jars... 167 
To Can Peaches, Pears, 

Etc 167 

To Can Tomatos Whole 167 
To Sulphurize Peaches, 

Pears and Apples .... 167 

To Can Corn 168 

Canned Beans 168 

To Keep Corn 168 

Canned Sweet Peppers 168 

PICKLES AND CATSUP. 

Cucumber Pickle , 

Sweet Cucumber Pickle 

Cucumber Pickle 

Yellow Cucumber Pickle 
Green Tomato Pickle . , 
Sweet Green Tomato 

Pickle 

Spanish Pickle .... 
Spanish Pickle No. 2 
Cream Chow-Chow . 
Ripe Pepper Catsup 
Oil Pickle 



Sweet Relish 

Ripe Tomato Catsup 
Ripe Tomato Catsup 
No. 2 

Grape Catsup , 

Ripe Tomato Relish 
(Uncooked) 

Beet Relish 

Pickled Beets 

Chicago Hot (uncook- 
ed) 

Watermelon Sweet 

Pickle 

Peach Sweet Pickle . , 
Sweet IMango Pickle 



170 
170 
170 
171 
171 

171 
172 
172 
173 
173 
174 
T74 
174 

174 
175 

175 

175 
176 

176 

176 
177 

177 



12 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



Page. 
CONFECTIONERY. 



Egg Kisses or Mei 
ingues 

Egg Kisses 

Cherry Foams . . 

Butter Scotch . . . 

Praulines 

Chocolate Fudge . 

Caramel Fudge . . 

Marshmallow Fudge 

Peamit Brittle .... 

Cocoanut Fudge . . 

Hickory Nut Candy 

Chocolate Caramels 

Caramels 

Cream Candy . . . 

Chocolate Fondant . 

Pulled Candy . . .. 

Granulated or Brown 
Sugar Candy . . 

Divinity 

Ribbon Candy 



178 
178 
178 
T7Q 
179 

179 
180 
180 
180 
181 
181 
181 
i8t 
182 
T82 
183 

t8:? 
18^ 
f84 



Page. 

....'85 
. . . 18.S 



Seafoam Candy 
Cracker Jack . 

Candy Pudding i3j 

Fondant 186 

French Candy Without 
Cooking 187 

MISCELLANEOUS RE- 
CEIPTS. 

Carpet Cleaning Receipt 188 
Oil Paint and Varnish 

Cleaner j8S 

Cold Water Lye Soap..fS8 
Furniture and Floor 

Polish T85 

Silver Polish 189 

Furniture Polish 189 

To Corn Beef 189 

To Dry Beef 189 

To Preserve Eggs 190 

Hints and Helps 191 



Table of Weights and Measures. 

^2^ ^* ?^* ^5* 

To measure a cupful of dry material, fill the cup and 
level off with a case knife. 

To measure a spoonful of dry material, dip the spoon 
into the material and level off with knife. 

To measure a half spoonful, divide a spoonful length- 
wise with a knife. 

A heaping spoonful or cupful is all the spoon or cup 
will hold. 

A scant cupful is measured by filling cup to within 
one-eighth of an inch of the brim. 

A 'half pint cup is the standard of measurement. 
Four teaspoons of liquid makes one tablespoon. 

Four tables|X)on6 make one wineglass. 

Sixteen tablespoons of dry material or twelve table- 
spoons of liquid make one cupful. 

Two cupfuls make one pint. 

Two cups of butter solidly packed make one pound. 

Two cups of finely-chopped meat make one pound. 

Two cups of granulated sugar make one pound. 

Four cups of flour make one pound. 

Nine or ten eggs make one pound. 

Two level tablespoons of butter make one ounce. 

All measurements are level, unless otherwise stated. 
13 



Table of Proportions. 

^w ^•' ^x* t^^ 

Allow two teaspoons of baking powder to two cups of 
flour. 

One teaspoon of cream tartar and one-half teaspoon of 
soda to two cups of flour. 

One teaspoon of soda to two cups of molasses. 

One teaspoon of ?ocla to one pint of sour milk. 

One tablespoon of gelatine to one pint of liquid in 
winter; use more in summer. 

Two or three eggs to one pint of milk for custards. 

Four heaping teaspoons of corn starch to one quart 
of milk for a solid custard. 

One cup of liquid to two cups of iiour for muflfins. 

One cup of liquid to one cup of flour for batter. 

One-half cup of yeast or one-fourth cake of compressed 
yeast to one pint of liquid. 

14 



BREADS. 

^* c^* c5* c^ 

Pone Bread. 

One pint meal, one tablespoon lard, one cup butter- 
milk, one-half teaspoon soda. Mix well, make into small 
pones with hands, and put on hot greased baker. Bake 
in oven 30 minutes. — Louise Bell. 

Corn Bread. 

One heaping pint corn meal, one heaping tablespoon 
flour, one-half teaspoon soda, one and one-half Ivacups 
buttermilk. Have baker hot and well greased; put on 
corn bread, leave on top of stove a few minutes, put in a 
hot oven and cook until brown. — Mrs. J. E. Paxton. 

Cornmeal Muffins. 

One pint buttermilk, one teaspoon soda, one teaspoon 
salt, one or two eggs, one pint meal. Put soda in milk, 
add other ingredients and bake in hot, well greased muffin 



Batter Cakes. 

Make as muffins, only have batter thinner; fry in 
cakes on hot griddle. 

15 



16 Breads. 

Hot Water Corn Bread. 

Pour boiling water over meal and stir until well scald- 
ed; thin down with sweet milk until it drops well fiom 
spoon; beat out all lumps. Drop from spoon on hot, 
great^ed baker and brown on both sides. Bake on top of 
stove. — Jennie Lillard. 

Spoon Bread. 

Two cups meal, one cup sweet milk, four ej^gs, one tea- 
spoon salt, two cups buttermilk, two tablespoons melted 
butter, two scant teaspoons soda. Pour four large spoons 
of boiling water over meal and stir well ; add well beaten 
eggs and other ingredients, except soda which should be 
dissolved in a little warm water and added last. Beat 
well, pour into a greased pan and bake in oven. Do not 
cook too long. Serve with spoon from pan and eat with 
melted butter. — Mrs. Morgan. 

Soda Biscuit. 

One and one-half cups buttermilk, one level teaspoon 
soda, one teaspoon sugar and salt, one full tablespoon lard, 
three cups flour. Work with spoon and roll out. — Miss 
Chambers. 

Biscuit 

One-half teacup soda, three-fourths teacup cream tar- 
tar, two tablespoons flour. Sift all together four times 
and keep in covered can. Just before using for biscuit, 
stir up contents of can with spoon to keep well mixed. 



Breads. ^'^ 

When ready to make biscuit, sift together one pint flour 
and one rounded teaspoon of this mixture. Add one-half 
teaspoon salt and one heaping tablespoon of lard. Mix to 
soft dough with buttermilk. This makes delightful bis- 
cuit.— Mrs. F. E. Feland. 

Bahing Powder Bismit. 

Two cups flour, two heaping teaspoons baking powder, 
one rounded tablespoon lard, a pinch of salt. Mix with 
sweet milk or water to a soft dough. Bake in quick oven. 

— Martha Bell. 

Drop Biscuit. 

One cup buttermilk, one-half teaspoon salt, one-half 
teaspoon soda, one teaspoon baking powder, one tablespoon 
lard. Mix well into a batter stiff enough to drop from 
spoon, using sufficient flour for that purpose. Grease bis- 
cuit pan with lard and drop spoonful at a time in pan. 
Bake quickly. — Mrs. Morgan. 

Beaten Biscuit. 

One quart flour, one iron spoon lard, one full teaspoon 
salt, one-half teaspoon baking powder. Knead lard into 
flour well before adding milk and water (equal parts). 
Make into a stiff dough and work on a kneader until the 
doug% is smooth and blisters. Bake about 20 or 25 min- 
utes in moderate oven; too hot an. oven blisters tliem.— 
Katherine P. Botts. 

Beaten Biscuit. 

One quart flour, one tablespoon lard, one tablespoon 



18 Breads. 

butter, one-half teaspoon salt, one teaspoon sugar. Make 
into stiff dough with equal parts of milk and water and 
knead until doug)h blisters. 

French Bolls. 

One quart flour, three tablespoons lard, whites of two 
eggs, two and one-half heaping teaspoons baking powder. 
Mix to a soft dough with sweet milk. Roll out, cut witli 
biscuit cutter, grease top with melted butter and fold 
over. Bake in quick oven. 

Potato Bolls. 

One cup raw potatoes (put through meat grinder), 
one cup lard, one cup sweet milk, two eggs, one-half cup 
sugar, one teaspoon salt, two cups warm water, five cups 
flour, one cake Fleischmann'e yeast. Dissoilve yeast in 
warm water and mix well with other ingredients. Beat 
well, and let rise in warm place six hours. Then knead 
well, adding just enough flour to keep from sticking. Roll 
out one-half inch thick, grease one-half of top with melted 
butter, fold over and cut with round cutter. Grease on 
top, lay in well greased pans one inch apart. Let rise in 
warm place one and one-half hours. Bake in quick oven. 
— Louise Bell. 

Magic Yeast. 

One cake magic yeast, three cups warm water, three 
medium size potatoes, one cup potato water. Soak yeaet 
in warm water; boil potatoes, remove from water and 
mash fine. Add yeast, one cup of potato water and suffi- 



Breads, 19 

eient flour to make a stiff batter; beat well, stand in a 
warm place until light, then keep in a cool place. It is 
ready for use whenever wanted. — ^Loiiise Bell. 

Light Bolls. 

One quart flour, one-half cup lard, three tablespoons 
of prepared Magic Yeast, one-half cup sugar, one teaspoon 
salt, whites of two egge. Mix to a soft dough with warm 
milk or water and set in a wann place for six hours. 
When light, knead well, adding more flour if necessary, 
roll half an inch thick, grease with melted butter, fold 
over, grease again and cut with small biscuit cutter. 
Place in greased pans, let rise until light, (about one and 
oneJhalf hours), and bake in quick oven. Make up night 
before for noon meal or breakfast, and at 8 a. m. for night 
meal. — Louise Bell. 

Quick: Sally Lunn. 

Three eggs, one cup milk, two and one-half cups flour, 
two-thirds cup sugar, one-half cup lard or butter, two 
teaspoons baking powder. Mix well together, bake in 
muflfin rings in quick oven. — Mrs. Lockridge. 

Sally Lunn. 

One pint prepared Magic Yeast, one pint sweet milk, 
one pint sugar, yelks of three eggs, one cup butter or lard 
(butter preferred). Use flour to make a soft dough. 
Make up night before wanted for use, put in greased pan 
large enoug-'h to allow for rising ; grease on top with but- 
ter and set in warm place over night. Next morning, 



20 Breads. 

knead just enough to make smooth, using as little flour as 
possible to prevent sticking. Eoll out one and one-half 
inches tihick and cut with biscuit cutter; roll edges in mel- 
ted butter, put in greased pan and let rise until light. 
Bake about 20 minutes. If liked, make meringue of 
whites of Qgg^, put on top of lunns and brown. — Mrs. 
Bell Ottenheimer. 

Raisin Bread. 

Take part of sally lunn dough, work raisins into it, 
make into loaf, grease on top with butter, sprinkle with 
icinnamon and bake. In addition to raisins, use currants 
and nuts; fill greased baking powder cans one-half full, 
let rise and bake. Then slice, butter, and serve as sand- 
wiches with afternoon tea. 

Cinnamon Rolls. 

Three-fourth cup flour, three-fourth cup mashed pota- 
toes, three-fourth cup milk, one-half cup lard, three level 
tablespoons sugar, two level tablespoons salt, two eggs, 
well beaten, one cake of Fleischmann's Yeast dissolved in 
one-half cup lukewarm water. Mix ingredients well to- 
gether, cover and set to rise in a pan of warm water. 
When yeast foams up and bubbles begin to break, add 
enougih flour to make dough (about seven cups). Divide 
the dough into two equal parts. To one Dart add one 
cup chopped raisins, one-half cup sugar, one teaspoon 
salt, and one tablespoon cinnamon. Put the two pieces 
of dough to rise in separate pans ; when they have doubled 
their bulk, knead a few minutes, roll one-half inch thick, 



Breads. 21 

cut out, (lip in melted lard and fold one-half over; pinch 
edges together and put in pan to rise. Sprinkle cinna- 
mon rolls with sugar and cinnamon, let rise, and bake 15 
minutes in quick oven. — Sue Paxton. 

Hot Cross Buns. 

One and one-half cups milk, one-half cup sugar 
(scant), one-sixth cup lard or butter, one-half cup tepid 
water, one-half teaspoon salt, one-fourth nutmeg grated, 
one-fourth teaspoon soda, one-third cake of yeast, flour to 
form sort of putt}'. Dissolve yeast in tepid water, add to 
it milk which has been scalded and cooled ; then add but- 
ter or lard, sugar, salt, and nutmeg with sufficient flour 
to make quite a stiff batter. Cover, eet in a warm place, 
and when thoroughly lig'ht (about five 'hours), add soda 
dissolved in a spoonful of water; then add enough flour 
to roll like biscuit. Eoll out one-half inch thick, cut with 
biscuit cutter, and lay on greased tins ; cover and let stand 
until light (about 45 minutes or one hour). Make a 
deep cross on the top of each bunn with a knife. Bake a 
light brown from 20 to 25 minutes. When done and 
Adiile hot, brush over the top with a mixture of one beat- 
en white of egg and one tablespoon sugar. — Mrs. Dunlap, 
Mississippi. 

Bread Sticl'S. 

Two cups scalded milk, four tablespoons sugar, one- 
half cup butter, one teaspoon salt, whites of three eggs, 
seven and one-half cups sifted flour, one cake Magic Yeait 
dissolved inone-fourth cup lukewarm water. Mix milk, 



22 Breads. 

sugar, butter and salt; when lukewarm, add flour, yeast 
and whites of eggs well beaten. Knead well, let rise un- 
til light. Then shape into long, thin strips about eight 
inches long and one-half inch thick. Let rise again, put 
in hot oven, reducing heat at the end of five minutes 
The sticks should be very crisp and dry. Serve with soup. 

Salt Rising Bread. 

At night before making bread, scald one-half cup 
milk; cool, add a pinch of salt, soda and sugar and thick- 
en with two tablespoons of meal. Set in warm place. 
The next morning, take one cup boiling water, cool to 
lukewarm with cold water, add one teaspoon sugar, one 
teaspoon salt, one-half teaspoon soda and make into a 
thick batter with flour; beat well, add mush and beat 
again. Set in pan of warm water and keep warm until 
very light. Sift four quarts flour, add one tablespoon 
lard, two tablespoons sugar, pour in yeast and make into 
a dough, using more warm water if necessary. Knead un- 
til dough blisters; make into loaves, grease tops and pur 
in greased pans, filling about half full. Set in warm 
place to rise and keep an even temperature. Bake in 
moderate oven about 40 minutes. If nights are cool, 
make mush at noon the day before making bread. — Worlie 
McManaway. 

Boston Brown Bread. 

One cup flour, one cup corn meal (unbolted), yellow 
meal preferred, two cups Graham flour, one cup butter- 
milk, one cup sweet milk, two teaspoons baking powder, 



Breads. 23 

one Qg^, one teaspoon salt, one cup molasset^, one and one- 
half teaspoons soda. Dissolve soda in a little hot water, 
add molasses and beat well, then add salt, egg well beaten, 
sweet milk, baking powder, white flour and beat again. 
Then add sour milk, corn meal, Graiham flour and beat 
again. Put in one pound baking powder cans, set in ves- 
sel containing hot water, cover closely and steam three 
hours. Set in oven and dry out for 20 minutes. — Eussel 
Chambers. 

Brown Bread. 
One and one-half cups sour milk, one-half cup sour 
cream, one cup corn meal, one cup white flour, two cups 
Graham flour, one cup molasses, two teaspoons soda, one 
cup of seeded raisins, one teaspoon salt. Steam three 
hours. 

Popovers. 

One cup sweet milk, one cup flour, one egg, one-half 
teaspoon salt. Beat all together hard until creamy and 
full of bubbles. Bake in hot, greased muffln rings for 30 
minutes.- — Mrs. Alice Lillard. 

Buckwheat Cakes. 

One and one-half pints buckwheat flour, one teaspoon 
salt, one teacup of good yeast. Make into a stiff batter 
with tepid water, add yeast and salt and set in warm 
place over night. Next morning, thin with sweet milk in 
which a little soda is dissolved, if it should ihave soured; 
if not sour, omit soda. Cook over hot fire. — Mrs. A. C. 
Witherspoon. 



24 Breads. 

Buckwheat Cakes (Without Yeast.) 

Two cups buckwheat flour^ one teaepoon soda, one tea- 
spoon salt, two and one-'half cups buttermilk, one table- 
spoon melted butter, one tablespoon molasses, two eggs 
beaten separately. — Louisville. 

Rice Cakes. 

Two cups cold boiled rice, one cup milk, one cup sifted 
flour, one teaspoon salt, two eggs, two teaspoons baking 
powder. If rice is moist, use less milk. Mix into smooth 
batter and bake on hot griddle. — ^Louisville. 

Pancakes. 

One pint sweet milk, one-half teaspoon salt, two eggs 
beaten separately, two teaspoons baking |X)wder, flour for 
thin batter. Beat well together, stirring in the beaten 
whites the last thing. 

Waffles. 

One and one-half pints of flour, one pint sweet milk, 
two tablespoons melted butter, two teaspoons baking pow- 
der, one-half teaspoon salt, two eggs beaten separately. 
Mix baking powder, salt and flour, then butter, next the 
beaten yolks and milk and lastly the whites beaten stiff. 
Bake at once. — Mrs. H. B. Carpenter. 

Graham Wafers. 

One cup brown sugar, one cup buttermilk, one-^half 
cup butter, one teaspoon soda, five cups Graham flour. Re- 



Breads. 25 

serve one cup of flour to roll out with. Roll thin, cut in 
squares, stick with fork and bake quickly. Flavor with 
vanilla, if liked. — Mrs. Bell Ottenheimer. 

Nut Bread. 

Three and one-fourth cups flour, two cups ground 
nuts, one cup sugar, three-fourth cup eweet milk, two 
eggs, one-half teaspoon salt, three teaspoons baking pow- 
der (slightly rounded). Let rise 20 minutes before bak- 
ing. Bake 45 minutes in slow oven. — Mrs. Elizabeth 
Burrus. 

Fried Toast. 

One cup cream or rich milk and one egg beaten to- 
gether. Salt to taste ; dip slices of stale baker's bread in 
this mixture and fry in skillet in which a tablespoon of 
butter has been melted. Brown on both sides and serve 
at once. — Mrs. Carpenter. 

Cornmeal Mush. 

Let four cupt? of water boil ; salt, and stir in gradually 
onecup of sifted mead ; cook 30 minutes. Eat with cream 
and sugar, or butter. Mold in pan, slice, dip in flour and 
fry for breakfast. 



SOUPS. 

ft(5* C^* CfT* ?^^ 

Soup stock is made from cheap cuts of meat, or from 
left over meat and scrape, all of which can be utilized 
for this purpose. The meat should be cut in pieces and 
soaked in cold water for half an hour before cooking ; the 
bones should be broken and are added for the sake of the 
gelatine which the}^ contain. Put on to cook in cold 
water, cover and simmer slowly for several hours. Make 
the day before using. White stock is made from chicken 
or light meat and light colored vegetables and spicee. 
Brown stock is made by frying meat and vegetables brown 
before adding water; it may also be colored with caramel. 

To Clarify Soup Stock. 

Put the stock to be cleared in a stew pan, allowing the 
white and shell of one egg to one quart of stock ; beat the 
white slightly, break the shell in small pieces and add to 
stock. Place on front of stove and stir constantly until 
boiling point it? reached, then let boil two minutes with- 
out t^tirring. Stand on back of stove for 15 minutes, re- 
move scum and strain through a cloth. 

Soup Stocli. 

One beef shin, one onion, one turnip, one teaspoon 
salt, sprig of parsley, five quarts water, one carrot, two 

26 



Soups. 27 

etalks celery, two bay leaves, twelve cloves. Break bone 
and put on in cold water; simmer slowly for four hours, 
then add vegetables cut fine and herbs and boil one hour 
longer. Let cool, remove cake of fat from top. Strain 
and keep in cool place. — Mrt?. J. M. Johnson. 

Bouillon. 

Four pounds lean beef, two quarts cold w^ater, one on- 
ion, one-half turnip, one-half carrot, two pounds bone, 
one tablespoon salt, four black pepper corns, four cloves, 
one tablespoon mixed herbs. Break bone, cut meat In 
pieces, add water and heat slowly; then add other ingre- 
dients and simmer slowly for five hours. There should 
be three pints when done. Strain, cool, remove fat, and 
clear. — Mrs. J. W. Lockridge. 

White Soup. 

Carcast? of two chickens or one turkey, one bunch ol; 
celery, one quart water, one small white onion, six cloves, 
two potatoes, one tablespoon minced parsley, one quart 
hot milk, two tablespoons butter. Break the bones and 
add onion stuck with cloves and celery cut in small pieces; 
boil together until water is reduced to one pint, then 
strain. Have potatoes boiled and prest^ed through a 
sieve, rub butter into them while hot; pour over them 
the hot milk, add broth from bones and return to fire ; let 
boil up once, add minced parsley and serve with a slice 
of hard boiled egg in each plate. — Mrs. Morgan. 



38 Soups. 

Vegetable Soup. 

One good size soup bone, one pint corn, one-half pint 
onions, one pint cabbage, one pint tomatoes, salt and 
pepper to taste. Cover soup bone well with water, add 
vegetables chopped fine and cook all until well done, 
about three hours. — Mrs. Minnie Springate. 

Chicken Soup, 

One grown fowl, one cup boiled rice, one gallon cold 
water, one cup milk or cream, salt and pepper to taste. 
Put fowl in cold water, boil slow'ly for three hours, skim- 
ming several times; add rice, salt, pepper and cream and 
a little thickening; throw in a little parsley or thyme 
before serving. — Mrs. Thomas. 

Calfs Head Soup. 

Put calf's head into one and one-half gallons of water; 
let boil until meat drops from bone; take it out and chop 
very fine. Take out brains, and mix with them one pint 
of port wine and one pint of Madeira wine and une tea- 
spoon of ealt. To the chopped meat, add an onion or two 
chopped fine, a handful of parsley, one teaspoon each of 
cloves, allspice, black pepper and a little sage. Eeturn 
all to kettle, and add a little flour and butter size of 
hen's egg, worked together; Just before taking from fire, 
add several lemons sliced. — Louisville. 



Soups. 25) 



Chicken Gumho. 



One chicken cut up for frying, one cup okra, one onion 
sliced, three quarts water, three cups tomatoes, 1 cup 
corn, salt and pepper, a few cloven, allspice, and pinch 
of nutmeg tied up in muslin bag. Flour chicken and fry 
in a little fresh bacon grease. Cut up vegetables and 
put them with spices in soup kettle, cover with two quarts 
water and boil until done; pour remaining quart of wa- 
ter over chicken and simmer until meat falls from bones. 
Eemove chicken, chop fine and add together with the 
water in which it was cooked to the vegetables. Thicken 
and serve with a spoonful of boiled rice in each plate. 

Gumho File. 

Gather sassafras leaves just before they mature, dry 
in the shade, powder, and keep for flavoring soup; adtj 
one tablespoon just before serving. 

Oyster Soup. 

One quart oysters, one-half gallon new milk, one cup 
cream, one-fourth pound butter, three tablespoons flour, 
salt and pepper to taste. Melt half of butter, stir in flour 
until smooth, add hot milk slowly, stirring all the while, 
heat to boiling point. Heat oysters in their own liquor, 
add to hot milk and cook until edges curl ; add hot cream, 
rest of butter, and seasoning, also cracker crumbs if de- 
sired. Serve at once. — Mrs. Carpenter. 

Potato Soup. 
Four large potatoes, one quart boiling milk, one table 



30 Soups. ] 

spoon butter, two well beaten eggs, one cup cold milk^ 
one tablespoon each of chopped onion, parsley, and cei-j 
ery top or leaves, salt and pepper to taste. Boil potatoofi 
until done, rub through a coarse sieve, and add hot milk,! 
onion, parsley, celery and steam until like thick cream;; 
add butter, eggs very slowly, and cold milk. Serve very! 
hot. 

Tomato Soup. 

One quart tomatoes, one quart water, one-fourth pound! 
ham cut in pieces, one slice of onion, one-fourth teaspoon i 
soda, three level teaspoons cornstarch, two tablespoons; 
butter, one bay leaf. Place tomatoes in granite kettle,: 
add water, ham, bay leaf and onion. Cover tightly and 
cook fifteen minutes; retrain through a sieve fine enough] 
to remove seeds. Set aside to finish next day. Heat; 
soup to boiling point; moisten starch with cold water' 
stir it into soup while boiling, and when thickened to the! 
consistency of cream, add seasoning and soda. Serve ati 
once with tiny squares of toasted bread. Sufficient fori 
twelve persons. — Mrs. H. V. Bell. 

Tomato BouUlon. ' 

One quart can tomatoes, one pint water, a slice of on-i 
ion, a bay leaf, a few celery seed, one cup whipped cream,; 
whites of two eggs well beaten. Boil tomatoes, water,! 
onions and herbs together for 15 minutes; press through! 
colander, add whites of eggs, boil five minutes and strain! 
through cheese cloth; add a pinch of soda. Eeheat, add] 
whipped cream and serve at once with strips of toasted, 
bread. — ^Irs. Carpenter. ; 

i 



Soups. 31 

Cream of Tomato Soup. 

One quart of tomatoes, three pints milk, one heaping 
tablespoon flour, two heaping tablespoons butter, one 
level teaspoon soda, salt and pepper to taste. Cook to- 
matoes until soft, add soda and rub through sieve; put 
milk in double boiler; melt butter, add flour and rub 
until smooth, add a little milk and stir all into milk in 
double boiler; add tomato pulp, salt and pepper, let boil 
up and serve. — Mies Chambers. 

Cream of Corn Soup. 
One pint canned or grated corn, jolks of two eggs, two 
pints boiling water or chicken stock, one pint hot milk, 
three tablespoons butter, two tablespoons flour, a slice of 
onion, salt and pepper. Boil corn and water together 15 
minutes, then rub through a sieve; add salt and pepper 
and let simmer, while you rub butter and flour together; 
add these to the corn mixture, stirring until it thickens. 
Now add boiling milk in which onion has been scalded. 
Cook one minute, add beaten yolks slowly and serve at 
once. — Mrs. Morgan. 

Cream of Celery Soup. 
Two and two-thirds cups celery pulp, two slices of on- 
ion, three pints milk, four tablespoons butter, three table- 
spoons flour, one pint cream, pepper and salt. Cut cel- 
ery fine and cook in very little water until tender, rub 
through sieve; put milk in double boiler with onion; mei 
butter, add flour and put in hot milk; add celery pulp, 
cream, pepper and salt and serve with a spoonful of whip- 
ped cream in each plate. 



32 Soups. 

Cream of Asparagus Soup. 

Allow one cup of asparagus pulp to three cups of milk 
or cream; bind together with one tablespoon of butter 
and one tablespoon flour rubbed together. Season to 
taste. Reserve ^ome of the tender tips to serve in plates 
of soup. All cream soups may be made this way. 

Amber Soup. 

One chicken or remains of two roasted ones cut in 
pieces, add a soup bone with three quarts of water. Cook 
slowly for four hours, then add one onion fried in a little 
butter, six cloves, one carrot, three stalks of celery, and 
a little parsley. Cook for an hour, by which time the 
stock should be reduced to two quarts. Strain, and when 
cold, remove fat from top, clear and strain again. Ee- 
heat and add a tablespoon of caramel for a richer color- 
ing. — Mrs. Carpenter. 

Caramel for Coloring Soups and Sauces. 

Melt two tablespoons granulated sugar, stir until a dark 
brown, add slowly one-half teacup boiling water and sim- 
mer until dissolved. Keep in glass jar and use according 
to judgment. 

Blaclc Bean Soup. 

Two cups black beans, six cups cold water, one quart 
beef stock, one onion, two sprigs parsley, four cloves, one 
teaspoon mixed thyme and sweet marjoram. Wash beans, 
soak over night in cold water; next morning, put in soup 



Soups. 33 

kettle, add onions, cloves and herbs and simmer until 
beans are soft. Rub tliem through a colander, return to 
kettle, add beef stock and simmer for an hour. Put slic'3^ 
of hard boiled eggs and thin slices of lemon in tureen 
and pour in soup. 

Noodles for Soup. 

Mix together one egg, a little salt and flour for a stiff 
dough. Roll into a thin sheet, sprinkle with flour and 
roll up, then cut in threads and drop in boiling soup. 

Croutons. 

Croutons are small pieces of light bread, cut in fancy 
shapes, toasted or fried and put in soup just before serv- 



ing. 



Forcemeat Balls. 



. Use any kind of meat, grind fine, season with salt, pep- 
per and onion juice; use a few cracker crumbs and bind 
together with a raw egg. Make into tiny balls, put into 
soup a few minutes before serving. 

Egg Balls. 

The yolks of two hard boiled eggs, mash, season with 
salt and pepper, one teaspoon butter, a little parsley and 
just enough raw egg to bind together. Mold into small 
balls, drop in soup a few minutes before serving. 



FISH AND OYSTERS. 

^^t ^W <^% ^^^ 

Baked, Fish. 

Take out backbone of fish, leaving head and tail on. 
Chop fine two small onions and fry in one tablespoon of 
butter; add sufficient soaked bread to fill fish, the yolk of 
one egg and season all with salt and pepper, nutmeg Mnd 
chopped parsley. Stuff fish with mixture, pour over it 
melted butter, put a little water in pan and bake in mod- 
erate oven. — ^Mrs. J. R. McMichael. 

Bahed Fish. 

Take a six-pound fish, clean thoroughly and salt it. 
When ready to cook, stuff with the following dressing: 
take five large crackers, juice of one lemon, butter size 
of walnut, season highly with salt and pepper; mix into 
a smooth dressing with hot water and put inside the fish. 
Place fish in baking pan with sufficient water to cover 
bottom; sprinkle with pepper and salt and lay on top a 
few strips of fat bacon. Put in oven and baste frequent- 
ly until done. Garnish with slices of hard boiled eggs 
and lemons cut in rings. — Mrs. D. iL. Moore. 

Boiled Fish. 

Dress the fish nicely and cover in a fish kettle with hot 
water seasoned well with salt. Remove the scum as it 

34 



Fish and Oysters. 35 

rises and simmer, allowing about ten minutes' time for 
every pound; when about half done, add a little vinegar 
or lemon juice. Take out, drain and dit^h carefully, pour- 
ing over it drawn butter; or garnish w^ith sprigs of pars- 
ley and serve with egg sauce. If fish kettle is not avail- 
able, tie in clean cloth and boil ; it can then be lifted out 
without breaking. 

Fish Pudding. 

One-pound boiled fish, one and one-half tablespoons 
butter, one-half tablespoon flour, one-fourth teaspoon pep- 
per, one-half cup cream, yolks of two eggs, one and one- 
half teaspoons salt, one teaspoon lemon juice. Mash fish, 
put through sieve, add salt, pepper and lemon juice. rJelt 
butter in saucepan, add flour, stir until smooth and add 
cream, stirring until well scalded; add fish, take from 
fire and add beaten eggs. Butter a mold and fill with 
the pudding, pressing it well against the sides. Put mold 
in pan of water and cook in oven thirty minutes. 
Serve with potatoes and rich sauce. — 'Mrs. J. M. John- 
eon. 

Salmon Turhot. 

One can of salmon, one heaping tablespoon flour, two 
eggs well beaten, one pint milk, butter size of walnut, 
salt and pepper to taste. Remove skin, bones and oil 
from salmon ; melt butter, add flour and pour slowly over 
them the milk, stirring constantly until it thickens ; pour 
the mixture over the salmon, stir lightly and add eggi^, 
mixing all lightly together. Put in baking dish, cover 
with buttered crumbs and bake thirty minutes. — Texas. 



36 Fish and Tysters. 

Fish Timhale. 

Eemove bones from cold boiled fish and pick into 
shreds; to every pint, add three-fourths cup of cream 
sauce, salt, pepper and onion juice to taste and two eggs. 
Mix together and beat hard. Grease a border mold with 
butter and press the creamed fish well into it; set mold 
in a pan of hot water, cover closely and cook inside of 
oven until firm. Turn out and serve with cream sauce 
and Parisienne potatoes; the receipt will be found under 
head of "Vegetables." 

Fish Balls, 

One pint of fish picked fine, two beaten eggs, lump of 
butter, one pint of mashed potatoes, salt, pepper and pars- 
ley and a little cream, if too stiff. Mix well together, 
roll into balls and fry in hot lard. 

Fried Oijsters. 

Wash and drain oysters and dry between tow^els; sea- 
son with pepper and salt, dip first in beaten egg and then 
in cracker crumbs and let them lie awhile before frying; 
fry in half lard and half butter; or roll in sifted meal 
and fry. 

Scalloped Oysters. 

Butter a baking dish and put a layer of oysters on 
bottom, then a layer of fine bread crumbs, then a layer 
of oysters and so on until pan is almost full, leaving a 
layer of buttered crumbs on top. Season each layer with 



Fish and Oysters. 37 

salt, pepper and bits of butter and pour cream over all 
to moisten crumbs well. Bake in aven for tliree-quarterr- 
of an hour. 

Oyster Cocktails. 

Six tablespoons of tomato catsup, six drops of tobacco 
sauce, one saltspoon of grated horseradish, two table- 
spoons lemon juice, a dash of salt and paprika, one table 
spoon of finely chopped celery. Bury small oyster in ice 
until needed, have glasses, in which they are to be served, 
thoroughly chilled. Put five oysters in the bottom of 
each glass, pour a portion of sauce over them and serve. 
This is sufficient for six cocktails. 

Scrambled Eggs and Oysters. 

Wash and drain one pint of oysters; put them in a 
pan of boiling water and cook until edge^ curl, then drain. 
Break five eggs and add to the oysters well seasoned with 
salt and pepper. Toss them into a hot frying pan in 
which has been melted two tablespoons of butter and 
scramble all together. A nice dish for breakfast. — Mrs. 
F. E. Feland. 

Oyster Pie. 

Line a baking dish with rich pastry, fill it with oysters 
seasoned well with salt, pepper and butter, add a little 
cream. Cover with upper crust with slits in it and bake 
until brown. 



38 Fish and Oysters. 

Oyster Fritters. 

Take one egg, one-half cup of milk and one cup of 
sifted flour and make into a smooth batter; season small 
oyster with salt, pepper and a little lemon juice, covei 
each oyster well with batter, then take four at a time and 
drop into smoking fat ; fry brown and drain on paper. 

Crea7ned Oysters in Toast Cups. 

Drain one pint of oysters in colander; strain the juice 
and heat in double boiler, season with salt and pepper and 
add one cup of cream. 'Melt one large tablespoon of but- 
ter, add one tablespoon of flour and pour on them the hot 
liquid; add oysters and cook a few minutes. Serve in 
toast cups garnished with parsley. To make the toast 
cups, cut slices of bread two inches thick and four inches 
square ; remove the crust and scoop out center, leaving n 
shell about ha!lf an inch thick all around. Brush inside 
and outside with melted butter and brown in a quick 
oven. — ^Mrs. Morgan. 

Oyster Patties. 

For the filling, make a sauce by cooking together one 
tablespoon of butter and one tablespoon of flour; when 
smooth, pour upon them one gill of oyster liquor and one 
gill of cream, making one-half pint of liquid altogether. 
Stir until thick and boiling, then drop in oysters and cook 
until they ruffle. Season with salt, white pepper and just 
a suspicion of mace; add a well beaten egg, a drop at a 



Fish and Oysters. 30 

time and cook just a minute longer; take from fire and 
put in patty cases, which should be hot. This is enough 
sauce for a solid pint of oyeters; use small oysters. For 
the cases, make a rich pastry and bake in patty tins, press- 
ing the pastry into the shape of the tins; bake small 
rounds for covers and when cases are filled, put on tops 
and serve hot.^ — Louise Bell. 

Panned Oysters. 

Put two tablespoons of butter in frying pan, and when 
bubbling hot, lay in twenty oysters well drained of their 
liquor. Cook until oysters ruffle, add salt, pepper and 
juice of one lemon. Serve at once on rounds of buttered 
toast. 



MEATS. 

^* t^ i^ f^ 

Boiling. 

Meat, in order to be tender, should be gently boiled, 
rather than boiled fast; cook in a closely covered kettle, 
and if necessary to add more water, use boiling water. A 
little vinegar put in the water with tough meat or poul- 
try will make it tender. Very salt meats or dried meats 
should be soaked over night in cold water before cooking. 
Allow twenty or thirty minutes to each pound of meat 
when cooking. 

Frying. 

The fat must be very hot and deep enough to entirely 
immerse article to be fried. A coating is thus formed 
on the outside and in this way kept from absorbing 
grease. Another method of frying, is to put the article 
in a very hot skillet with a small amount of fat, which 
gives it the seasoning of a broil. 

Roasting. 

Put on rack in roaster, put a little hot water in bottom 
of pan with some pieces of fat from meat; dredge with 
salt, pepper and flour. Have oven very hot at first in 
order to cook meat on outside and thus prevent the 
juices from escaping. After half an hour reduce the 
40 



Meats. 41 

heat and cook slowly. Baste with with water in bottom 
of pan. 

Broiling. 

In broiling, the meat is to be quickly browned, turning 
often, (first on one side, then the other, over a hot fire. 
It should be seasoned after it ie cooked. 

To Baste. — ^To pour water or butter over meats while 
baking or broiling. 

To Dredge. — ^To sprinkle with flour. 

Grill.— To broil. 

Saute. — ^To semi-fry in a very little lard or butter. 

Larding. 

Ctit firm bacon into very narrow strips with a sharp 
knife ; place one end in a larding needle, draw it through 
the skin and a small bit of the meat, leaving the strip 
of pork in the meat. The two ends left exposed should 
be of equal length. The larding may be arranged in any 
way to suit the fancy. If you have no larding needle, 
the strips may be tied on and strings removed before 
sending meat to table. 

To Broil Steak. 

Grease broiler or skillet with some fat from steak, have 
it very hot; put in steak and turn frequently, searing on 
both sides. When done as liked, put on dish ; salt, pepper 
and butter to taste. 

Boiled Steak. 

Have ready one large tenderloin steak one and one-half 
inches thick. Make a dressing of cold biscuit, salt, pep- 



42 Meats. 

per, lump of butter and warm water, season with sage and 
onion and spread on steak. Roll up steak and tie in the 
middle and at each end with clean cord. Put in pan witli 
lumps of butter and some water, and bake in oven until 
done, basting frequently with the liquid. Eemove cords 
before serving. — Mrs. J. W. Lockridge. 

Ham Toast. 

One pint of lean ham minced fine, one-half cup of 
cream, two eggs, a dash of cayenne pepper. Stir together 
over fire until it thickens, and spread on hot toast. Nice 
for breakfast. — Louise Bell. 

Hamburg Stealc. 

Run lean beef through a meat chopper. Season highly 
with salt, pepper and finely chopped onion. Add a little 
flour, make into a large cake or smaller ones, if preferred. 
Put into a skillet with plenty of melted butter and bake 
thoroughly. — Mrs. H. B. Cassell, Harrodsburg. 

Beefsteak Fritters. 

One pound raw beef finely chopped, one-fourth tea- 
spoonful of black pepper, one and one-half teaspoons of 
salt, six eggs. Mix beef, beaten yolks and seasoning to- 
gether, fold in stiffly beaten whites, drop from a spoon 
into hot lard and fry a light brown; drain on brown pa- 
per. Cook new potatoes, pile in center of dish, pour 
melted butter and a tablespoon of minced parsley over 
them and arrange the fritters in a border with a sprig of 
parsley here and there. — Mrs. Carpenter. 



Meats. 43 

Fried Liver. 

Cut in thin slices, place on platter, pour boiling water 
over it and immediately pour off (this takes away the un- 
pleasant flavor). Sprinkle with salt and pepper, roll in 
flour and fry slowly in hot lard until brown on both sides. 

French Pot Boast. 

Select a three-pound lean roast of beef. Brown one- 
half pound of butter in a pot; put roast in butter and 
cook for thirty minutes, turning it frequently so that it 
may brown well on all sides. Then add two medium size 
onions and a quart of boiling water. Cook slowly on 
top of stove (not next to fire) for three hours, keeping 
pot closely covered. Season with salt and pepper; thick- 
en gravy with flour and serve hot with roast. — Mrs. E, 
F. Eipy. 

Stuffed Stew. 

Take round steak, make slits in it about two inchee long. 
Fill with bread stuffing, roll up and tie wdll. Put into 
a baking pan, add a sliced onion, a 'carrot, a sprig of 
parsley and a quart of water. Cover the pan and cook 
slowly for two hours. Serve with brown gravy. — Mrs. 
J. L. Croesfield. 

Fricassee of Dried Beef. 

One tablespoon butter, one tablespoon flour, one cuj) 
cream, one can dried beef, one ^gg, salt and pepper to 
taste. Melt butter, add beef and stir until well mixed, 
then stir in flour, eggs, salt and pepper, and lastly cream. 



44 Meats. 

Cook until thick and serve on buttered toast. — Mrs. Cas- 
sell. 

Meat Balls. 

One and one-half pounds beef cooked and chopped fine, 
three eggs well beaten, three onions chopped fine, one 
pound pork chopped fine. Salt and pepper to taste. Mix 
thoroughly, add some bread crumbs, make out like sau- 
sage, roll in flour and fry in hot lard. — Mrs. Stanley 
Johnson. 

Creamed Turkey or Chicken Hash. 

Cut remnants of cold fowl fine, put in pan and cover 
with water. When boiling, add two tablespoons of cold 
mashed potatoes and season with pepper, ^alt and a little 
onion. Thicken with bread crumbs, then add s. cup of 
cream, let boil up and serve. — Mrs. H. B. Carpenter. 

Baked Hash. 

Use left-over meats for this dish. Take one pint of 
ground meat, one-half cup of cold mashed potatoes and 
one-half cup of bread crumbs. Add one egg and enough 
sweet milk to moisten well. Season with butter, pepper 
and salt and a little onion, if liked. Mix well together, 
put in pan and bake in oven. — Mrs. Bell Ottenheimer. 

Fried Chicken. 

Dress chickens, if possible, the day before wanted for 
use and put on ice. When wanted for use, salt and flour 
well and fry in hot lard, browning each side evenly;. then 
draw to back of stove and cook until tender. Or the 



Meats. 45 

pieces may be clipped in beaten egg and then in cracker 
crumbs and fried. When done, pour off all the grease, 
except about two tablespoons, stir in two tablespoons of 
flour and when blended, pour over them a pint of milk; 
cook until thick and pour over chicken or serve from 
gravy bowl, as preferred. 

Chicken Pie. 

iCut up young chickens ae for frying, stew in barely 
enough water to cover until tender. Line a baking dish 
with pastiy, lay into it the pieces of chicken and make 
rich with butter. Season liquor with salt and pepper, 
add a sprig or two of thyme, pour over chicken and put 
on top crust, prick with fork and bake until a nice brown. 
—Martha Bell. 

Chicken Pie. 

Take a large fat chicken, wash well in salt water, joint 
and put in a pan almost full of water. Add a minced 
onion, two stalks of celery cut fine, a slice of lemon and 
four potatoes cut in small pieces. Take a few pieces of 
cloves, spice and stick cinnamon, tie up in a cloth and 
cook until chicken is tender. Make a good pie crust and 
line a pan, put in chicken, add one cup of tomatoes, salt 
and pepper to taste. Cover over with crust and bake in 
oven. — ^Sue Paxton. 

Chicken Pudding. 

Cut up one large chicken as for frying and simmer 
until meat falls from bones. Beat four eggs light, add 
one pint of milk, two tablespoons of melted butter, salt 



46 Meats. 

and pepper, and sufficient flour to make a thin batter. 
Cut meat fine, put into the batter, pour into a deep dish 
and halve. — Tennessee. 

Salmi of Chicken. 

Take cold minced chicken, moisten well with drawn 
butter, heat and season with celery salt and pepper. Cov- 
er the bottom of a baking dish with bread crumbs; add 
to the chicken one beaten Qgg and lemon juice to taste 
and pour into dish. Cover with buttered bread-crumbs 
and bake to a nice brown. 

Smothered Chid-.en. 

Select a young chicken, dress and split open on rjack. 
Heat a skillet hot (not enough to burn), put in a little 
lard, lay chicken in skillet with back down and let brown, 
then turn and brown on the other side. Add sufficient 
hot water to make a stew, cover and cook until tender. 
Season well with butter, salt and pepper and, when done, 
add one cup of cream and thicken. This method of 
cooking chicken gives it the season of a broil and a deli- 
cious flavor. — Mrs. Martha Lillard. 

Broiled Chicken. 

Split the chicken down the back, lay in salt water for 
half an hour, then wipe dry and put on ice until wanted. 
When ready to cook, put a steel frying pan on stove until 
hot. Sprinkle chicken with salt and pepper and grease 
well with melted butter. Put into hot skillet, place a 
tin plate over it on which put a small flat iron to weight 



Meats. 47 

it clown. Turn often until a golden brown and then re- 
move to back of stove to finish cooking. Watch careful- 
ly to prevent burning. Lay on hot dish, pour melted 
butter over it and garnish with thin slices of lemon and 
curled parsley. — Mrs. Morgan. 

A Spanish Steah. 
Have a sirloin steak three-fourths of an inch thick, 
hack well on both sides with a sharp knife. Put steak 
in a very hot skillet and turn often until done. Have 
ready equal parts of ripe tomatoes, onions and sweet green 
pepper chopped fine. After lifting out steak, put vege- 
tables in skillet with one teaspoon of butter; Sitir until 
well heated, put on steak and serve. — Texas. 

Breaded Lamh Chops. 

Trim the chops, sprinkle with salt and pepper, dip 
them in melted butter and let it cool on them. Have 
ready the yolks of two eggs well beaten; dip the •cho])s 
in this and then in bread crumbs. Let them broil over a 
clear fire. Add one teaspoon of lemon juice to the gravy 
and garnish with lemon sliced very thin and curled pars- 
ley. — Louise Bell. 

Saddle of Mutton. 

Gas'h meat to the bone. >Put in pan with w^ater in the 
bottom. Mix spices, sprinkle through gashes, over meat 
and in the gravy. Put thin slices of bacon in the gashes. 
Baste frequently. Salt and pepper to taste. — Mrs. E. B. 
Thomas, Georgetown. 

Seasoning for Sausage. 
Fifteen pounds lean meat, four tablespoons salt, two 



48 Meats. 

tablespoons of sage, five pounds fat meat, one and one- 
half tablespoons cayenne pepper, two tablespoons black 
pepper, two tablespoons brown sugar. Cut meat into 
strips, mix seasoning together and sprinkle on meat be- 
fore grinding. Make all spoons heaping. — ^Mrs. Thomas, 
Georgetown. 

Mutton in Casserple. 

Take three pounds of lean mutton, cut in suitable 
pieces to serve, carefully trimming off all fat. Place the 
fat in frying pan ; when very hot, add the pieces of meat, 
well floured, two chopped onions and one-half teaspoon 
of pepper. Fry until brown, turning frequently, then 
add enough hot water to cover meat. Put in casserole, 
one turnip and one carrot sliced thin, pour over this the 
meat and put on cover. Place in oven, bake one hour; 
add teaspoon of salt, cover and bake one hour longer, 
then serve. 

Sausage Boll. 

Two cups of flour, one-half teaspoon of sugar, one-half 
cup of lard ; mix well, add one-fourth cup of cold water 
and one teaspoon of salt. Roll out, put in fresh sausage, 
make in small rolls and bake in oven. — Mary Paxton. 

Fried Ham. 
Place slices of ham in boiling water and cook until 
tender; put in frying pan and brown. 

To Cooh a Ham. 
Take a 1'5-pound ham, fill roasting pan half full uf 
boiling water, add half a cup of apple vinegar; put ham 
in roaster with skin side up and bring to a boil as quickly 



Meats, 49 

as possible, then boil slowly for four hours. Take skin 
off, cover with brown sugar, mustard and bread crumbs 
moistened with vinegar; return to oven and bake half 
an hour with a slow fire. — Mrs. J. R. Paxton. 

To Keep Sausage. 

Pack fresh sausage solidly in a stone crock, put in 
oven and bake three or four hours; there should be 
enough grease from sausage to form a cake on top; if 
not, melt fresh lard and pour on top. Tie up and keep 
in cool place. When wanted for use, slice and fry in 
skillet.— Mre. E. H. Marrs. 

To Boil a Ham. 

If ham is two or three years old, soak over night in 
cold water, skin side up. Next morning, scrape careful- 
ly, cover with cold water, add one dozen each of cloves 
and allspice, six whole grains of black pepper, one pod 
of red pepper, one teacup of vinegar. iLet barely boil 
(ne\'er 'hard) which will take nearly all day. Take up 
and skin while hot and cover thick with brown sugar. 
Make a sauce of one teacup of vinegar, two tablespoons 
of mustard, and one pint of water. Put ham in pan and 
add enough water to keep from burning, putting a few 
cloves and allspice in water. Moisten sugar on ham 
with mixture and baste twice with cold sauce. — 'Mrs. E. 
B. Thomas, Georgetown. 

A Cider Boiled Ham. 

Wash a lean ham thoroughly and soak it in cold water 



50 Meats. 

for twenty-four hours. Wipe it dry and put into a porce- 
lain kettle with cider enough to more than cover it. Cook 
it slowly, allowing fifteen minutes to every pound of meat. 
Let the ham stand in the liquor in which it has been 
cooked until it is cold. Then carefully remove the skin 
and wipe it dry. — ^Louisville. 

Brpiled Quail on Toast. 
Split the quails up the back and parboil them in hot 
water in a covered baking pan until tender. Salt and 
pepper them, dredge well with liour, dip in melted but- 
ter and lay on broiler, breast down; turn often until 
brown. Serve on squares of toast with crust removed 
and pour the butter gravy over them. Garnish with 
curled celery. — Mrs. H. B. Carpenter. 

Roast Turkey. 
Have turkey dressed and salted at least 24 hours before 
roasting. A tender ten-pound turkey requires three 
hours for roasting. Wash turkey, stuff, rub with a little 
salt and spread the breast, wings and legs with butter 
and flour mixed together until creamy. Dredge the bot- 
tom of pan with flour and put in a hot oven, reducing the 
heat as necessary, that the bird may not become too 
brown before it is well done. As soon as the flour is 
browned, baste the turkey with one-third cup of butter 
melted in three-fourths cup of hot water, and after this 
is used, baste with the fat in pan which has cooked out 
of turkey. Turn the bird often, that it may brown even- 
ly and baste frequently. If it becomes too brown, cover 
with buttered paper. — Mrs. W. H. Morgan. 



Meats. 51 

Oyster Stuffing for Turhey. 

Break stale bread into small pieces; soften with hot 
water, add butter to season well, salt and pepper and two 
cups of chopped oysters. Stuff into turkey; make small 
cakes of remainder and brown. 

Chestnut Stuffing. 

One pint fine bread crumbs, one pint shelled chestnuts 
boiled and chopped fine, one-half cup melted butter, salt, 
pepper and chopped parsley to season; add hot water to 
moisten, if necessary. 

Celery Stuffing. 

Make plain stuffing and season with finely cut celery. 

Duclc Stuffing. 

One and one-half cups cracker crumbs, one cup shelled 
peanuts finely chopped, four tablespoons butter, one cup 
of cream, a little onion juice, salt, pepper and cayenne 
to taste. — ^Missouri. 

Meat Loaf of Left-Overs. 

Grind through meat cutter any kind of left-over meat. 
To one quart of meat, use one pint and a half of bread 
crumbs, three egg?, salt, pepper, a little onion juice and 
sufficient warm] water to moisten. Make into a loaf, put 
in baking pan with a little water and some lumps of but- 
ter; baste often, bake until done. 



ENTREES. 

Croquettes. 

This general recipe will answer for all kinds of meat. 
Brains, mushrooms, or sweetbreads may be combined 
with chicken for chicken croquettes. To each pint of 
ground meat, allow one cup of cream or milk, one round- 
ing tablespoon of butter, two rounding tablespoons of 
flour, one level teaspoon of salt, one teaspoon of onion 
juice, a little lemon juice, a salt spoon each of pepper and 
grated nutmeg, a dash of red pepper and two well beaten 
eggs. Melt butter in pan, add flour, rub until smooth, 
pour on milk gradually, stirring until thick and smooth; 
add eggs just before taking from fire, then add seasoning, 
them meat, mix well, spread out to cool. When cold, form 
into croquettes ; beat an egg with one tablespoon of water, 
roll croquettes into sifted bread crumbs, then in egg, 
then in crumbs again and lay in cool place for two oi' 
three hours. Fry in smoking hot fat deep enough to im- 
merse them and drain on brown paper. They can be 
made without eggs, if preferred. 

Chicl'en Croquettes. 

One pound cold boiled chicken, four eggs, one-half cuj) 
cream, one-half pound stale bread with crust remove J, 
one-half pound butter, one onion chopped fine, one tea- 
spoon chopped parsley, a little nutmeg, salt and pepper 
to taste. Pour over the bread-crumbs, some of the liq- 

52 



Eni/1'ees. 53 

uor in which chicken was boiled, add the yolks of two 
eggs, butter, cream, onion, nutmeg, parsley, salt and 
pepper and cook to a mush ; then add ground meat. When 
cold, add two whole eggt?, sbape in cracker crumbs, dip 
in whites (reserved) well beaten, and again in cracker 
crumbs. Fry in very hot lard. — ^Ethel Eipy. 

Ham Croquettes. 

One teacup chopped ham, one teacup boiled rice, pep- 
per to taste. If too stiff, add a little cream. Mix to- 
gether, shape, dip in egg, roll in cracker crumbs and fry 
a light brown. — ^Lillard Witherspoon. 

Salmon Croquettes. 

One ean salmon, same quantity of mashed potatoes, 
yelks of two eggs well beaten, butter size of 2gg, a pinch 
of salt, black and cayenne pepper to taste. Make into 
pear shapes, roll in white of egg, then in cracker crumbs 
and fry in hot lard. — Mrs. Powell Taylor. 

Cheese Croquettes. 

Three tablespoons butter, three tablespoons flour, one 
cup grated soft cheese, three-fourths cup milk. Melt 
butter, add flour, and pour on gradually the milk, stir- 
ring until thick and smooth, add ■cheese, season with salt 
and cayenne pepper and spread on plate to cool. Shape 
into balls (not too large), roll in crumbs, Qggti and crumbs 
and fry in hot fat. Pass with lettuce course. — Mrs. 
Morgan. 



5 1 Entrees. 

Egg Croquettes. 

One-half dozen hard boiled eggs, three-fourths cup ot 
cream or new milk, one cup bread crumbs, three table- 
spoons butter, salt and pepper to taste. Scald cream and 
pour over bread crumbs, add butter and stir until smooth, 
add eggs which have been put through meat grinder, then 
salt and pepper. When cold, t?hape into croquettes, roll 
in crumbs, Qgg and crumbs, and fry a delicate brown iu 
smoking hot lard. 

Nut Croquettes. 

One cup ifinely chopped nuts, 1 cup mashed potatoes, 
one cup bread crumbs, two eggs, one tablespoon lemon 
juice, one-half teaspoon onion juice, a grating of nutmeg, 
salt and pepper to taste. Mix well together, add cream 
until of proper consistency to shape. Make into balls, 
roll in Qgg, then in bread crumbs and fry in very hot lard. 
—Martha Bell. 

Beef Loaf. 

Two pounds round steak, ground fine, two eggs, two 
double handfuls of cracker crumbs, three onions ground, 
one-half teacup melted butter, one-half can finely chop- 
ped tomatoes, celery seed or chopped celery, if liked, salt 
and pepper to taste. Drain juice from tomatoes, mix ail 
ingredients well together, form into a loaf and bake one 
and one-fourth hours; baste often with juice of tomatoe« 
— Lexington. 

Chicken Loaf. 

Two pounds finely chopped chicken, two cups bread- 
crumbs, one tablespoon onion juice, juice of one lemon, 



Entrees. 55 

one tablespoon chopped parsley, two eggs, a little butter, 
t;alt and pepper to ta^te. Add a little cream, make into 
a loaf and bake in oven one honr, basting with butter 
and water. Slice thin when cold. 

Boudans. 

One pint cold meat or chicken chopped fine, one-half 
cup hot stock, one tablespoon butter, two eggs well beat- 
en, two tablespoons cracker crumbs, salt and pepper to 
taste. Stir over fire until well mixed; fill cups or tim- 
bal molds two-thirds full and stand in biscuit pan half 
full of boiling water and set in moderate oven 20 min- 
utes. Turn out on platter and sers^e with cream and 
mushroom sauce. — Mns. J. M. Johnson. 

Egg Tinihah. 

Four eggs, three-fourths cup milk, salt and pepper to 
taste. Beat eggs slightly, add milk and seasoning and 
strain into buttered timbal molds, set in a pan of hot 
water and bake until Ifirm. Garnish with parsley and 
serve with tomato sauce. The recipe will be found under 
head of "Sauces for Meat and Fish." 

Chicken a la Terrapin. 

Three tablespoons butter, one tablespoon flour, on'i 
pint chopped chicken, one-hal'f pint milk, three hard 
boiled eggs, salt, pepper and a little parsley. Eub flour 
and butter together and stir into boiling milk. When 't 
begins to thicken, add eggs pressed through a sieve, chick- 
en and other ingredients. Serve on toast. — 'Mrs. Burton. 



56 Entrees. 



Chicken Mousee. 



One cup chicken stock, one cup pounded chicken, one 
tablespoon gelatine dissolved in water, yolks of two eggs, 
one tablespoon sherry, one cup whipped cream, whites oi 
three eggs, salt, pepper and a little celery salt. Cook to- 
gether stock, well beaten yolks of eggs, salt, pepper, and 
celery salt for one minute after getting hot. Add chick- 
en, sherry, gelatine and lastly, whites of eggs. Beat to- 
gether until cool and set on ice. Slice and serve with 
mayonnaise. — Mrs. J, M. Johnson. 

Stuffed Peppers With Tomato Sauce. 

Cut the tops from green or red peppers, remove parti- 
tions and seeds, and stand in cold water for an hour. 
Drain and till with chopped veal, chicken or beef, a little 
onion and some bread crumbs; season all well together 
with melted butter and put in a pan with one cup or 
more of stock or water. Cover the top with bread- 
crumbs and bake 40 or 50 minutes. The peppers may 
be opened and stuffed from the side and an egg may he 
mixed with meat. — Mrs. Sandlin. 

Creamed Chicl-en in Potato Shells. 

Peel four large potatoes of same size ; cut off each end 
and split through the centers into halves; scoop out the 
inside, leaving a thin shell ; throw into cold water and let 
stand for an hour. Drain, wipe dry and fry in boiling 
fat until a golden brown. Make a rich cream sauce sea- 
soned well with pepper, salt and a little celery salt; add 



Entrees. 57 

minced chicken and when well heated, serve in 'hot pota- 
to shells ; garnish with parsley. Creamed fish is also nice 
served in same way. — ^Mrs. Morgan. 

Timhal Shells. 

Three-fourths cup flour, two-thirds cup milk, one egg 
slightly beaten, one tablespoon olive oil, one-half teaspoon 
salt. Mix together flour, salt, milk and egg, when 
smooth, add olive oil. Dip a hot timbal iron in this bat- 
ter and fry the mixture which clings to it in hot fat deep 
enough to cover. If the batter is not smooth, strain it. 
Fill the shells with oysters, peas, mushrooms, etc. — Mrs. 
Bernard Griffey. 

Chicken Timhals. 

Two cups ground chicken, one cup bread crumbs, two 
tablespoons melted butter, one cup cream, three egg^ 
beaten separately, one teaspoon chopped parsley, one 
teaspoon onion juice, one teaspoon salt, a dash of red pep- 
per. Mix all ingredients together, except whites of eggs, 
which must be beaten stiffly and folded in last. Fill 
well buttered timbal molds with mixture, set in a pan 
of boiling water, cover closely and bake fifteen minutes. 
Turn out and serve with tomato or mushroom sauce. 

Creamed Celery and Chicken. 

To one cup of thick boiling cream sauce, add two cups 
ground chicken, the yolks of two eggs, salt and pepper to 
taste ; cook over fire for three minutes, stirring constant- 
ly ; then spread on a dish to cool. When cold, form into 
round shapes, make an indentation in center of each with 



58 Entrees. 

back of spoon, roll in flour, then in beaten whites, tbtvi 
in crumbs and fry in hot fat and drain. Fill the small 
cavities with creamed celery and serve very hot; garnish 
with parsley. The cavities may also be ifilled with peas 
or mushrooms. — Mrs. Morgan. 

Creamed Sweetbreads. 

Prepare sweetbreads by soaking in cold water for an 
hour or two, changing the water twice. Take out and 
place in boiling salted water to which has been added a 
little lemon juice or vinegar. Cook slowly {for ten or 
fifteen minutes (hard boiling spoils them), drain and put 
into cold water; remove fibre, cut in small pieces and 
serve in cream sauce on toast, or in patty shells or crous- 
tades. 

Sw'eethread Cutlets. 

Chop ifine one pair of sweetbreads and one-half dozen 
mushrooms; mix together with thick cream sauce (about 
a cup full) season well with salt and pepper and a little 
lemon juice. When cold, make into pear shape, flatten 
between palms of the hands to half an inch thick, stick 
a piece of spaghetti in the small end to simulate a bone; 
roll in crumbs, egg and crumbs and fry as you would cro- 
quettes* Chicken cutlets are made in same way. 

Creamed Brtflins. 

Soak over night in cold water, carefully remove tissue, 
then put in hot water with one teaspoon vinegar; boil 
gently for 20 minutes, then lay in cold water. Drain, 



Entrees. 59 

break in pieces, then add a cream sauce seasoned with a 
little onion juice, cayenne and 6alt; stir in the yolks of 
two eggs, and turn mixture into buttered ramekins, cov- 
er with crumbs and bake fifteen minutes. 

Brains With Eggs. 

Prepare as in pr^eding receipt, then scramble with 
several eggs in hot butter; serve on toast. 

Souffle of Mushrooms. 

Make a thick white sauce with one-fourth cup each cf 
butter and flour and one-half cup each of thin cream and 
the liquor drained from a can of mushrooms ; season with 
salt and pepper. Separate three eggs, beat the yolks 
well, add the mushrooms sliced thin and stir into the hot 
sauce. Beat the whites quite stiff and fold in gently. 
Put the mixture into a buttered baking dish, cover with 
bread crumbs and bake slowly about twenty minutes. 
Cheese or tomato souffle may be made with same propor- 
tions. — M. Bowling Bond. 

Salmon Souffle. 

Eemove salmon from can, rinse well with hot water, 
tear into flakes and season with salt, paprika and lemon 
juice. Make one cup of thick cream sauce, add to it the 
salmon and the yolks of four eggs well beaten; then fold 
in the stiffly beaten whites, turn mixture into a buttered 
mold, set in a pan of hot water and ba'ke until firm. Turn 
out and serve with pimento sauce. — Mrs. Morgan. 



60 Entrees. 

Aspic Jelly. 

Soak one box of Knox gelatine in one cup of cold wa- 
ter^ add one quart soup stock, one stalk celery, one onion 
minced fine, four cloves, five black pepper corns, a bay 
leaf and juice of one lemon; boil slowly for one-hayf 
hour. Clear with whites of two eggs and broken shells 
and strain through a cloth. If you have not the soup 
stock on hand, add two teaspoons of beef extract and one 
quart water. Mold in shallow pans, cut in fancy shapes 
and place around meat as a garnish. 

Jellied Chicken. 

Ornament the bottom of a mold with thin slices of hard 
boiled eggs and pickles; pour over this a layer of aspic 
jelly when just beginning to congeal; when firm, put in 
a layer of boiled chicken cnt in stripe, then a layer of 
jelly, then eggs and pickles, and so on till mold is full. 
When cold, dip. mold in warm water and turn out on 
platter. Garnish with curled celery and serve with may- 
onnaise. 



Sauces For Meat and Fish. 

f^ j^ «5* «5* 

White or Cream Sauce. 
One tablespoon butter, one tablespoon flour, one cup 
hot milk or cream, salt and white pepper to taste. Melt 
butter in pan, add flour and stir until smooth, then add 
milk gradually and then seasoning; simmer until it thick- 
ens. 

Nut Sauce. 

Add nuts to cream sauce. 

Brown Sauce. 

One tablespoon butter, one tablespoon flour, one cup 
water or beef stock, salt and pepper to taste. Melt but- 
ter in eauce pan and stir until brown, add flour and 
brown again, then add stock gradually, stirring until 
thick and smooth, or it may be colored with caramel. 

Drawn Butter Sauce. 

Melt two generous tablespoons of butter in a sauce pan, 
add two teaspoons flour and pour over one cup of boiling 
water; stir until it thickens, then add gradually one-half 
tablespoon of butter, beating until smooth. Serve with 
fish. When wanted acid, add lemon juice. Pickles, ol- 
ives, oysters, etc., can also be added. 

61 



62 Savces for Meat and Fish. 

Mushr^oom or Siveet Bread Sauce. 

Add cliopped mushrooms or chopped sweet breads (par 
boiled) to cream sauce. — Frankfort. 

Egg Sauce. 

To one cup of white sauce, add one teaspoon of lemon 
juice, three chopped hard boiled eggs and one tablespoon 
of chopped parsley after taking from fire. 'Serve with 
fish. 

Tomato Sauce. 

Cook three tablespoons of butter, one slice of onion, 
two cloves and four black pepper corns together, stirring 
constantly until slightly brown; add two tablespoons of 
flour, stir until brown, then add gradually two cups ")f 
stewed and strained tomatoes ; bring to boiling point, add 
salt to taste and strain. 

Pimento Sauce. 

To one cup of cream sauce, add one-half cup of pimen- 
toes rubbed through a sieve. Season with salt and pep- 
per.' — Mrs. Morgan. 

Cream Cucumber Sauce. 

Put two medium size cucumbers on ice until chilled; 
peel, mince fine and drain in colander without pressing; 
turn into bowl, season with salt, pepper, lemon juice and 
onion juice. Have ready a cup of whipped cream into 
which has been beaten a pinch of soda; stir lightly into 
cucumbere and serve immediately. Nice for fish. 



Sauces for Meat and Fish. 63 

Mint Sauce. 

Five tablespoons chopped mint, eight tablespoons vin- 
egar, two tablespoons sugar, a little white pepper. Dis- 
solve sugar in vinegar, add mint and stand in warm place 
an hour or two before using. Serve with lamb. 

Sauce for Cold Meats. 

Yolks of three eggs, one tablespoon flour, one table- 
spoon butter, one wine glass of jelly, one tablespoon mus- 
tard, one-half teacup vinegar. Beat eggs and jelly to- 
gether, mix flour and mustard with a little vinegar; pui 
all ingredients together and cook until thick, stirring to 
keep smooth. When cold, chop cucumber pickles very 
fine and add. — Mrs. Thomas, Georgetown. 

Tartare Sauce. 

To one cup of mayonnaise, add a little chopped pickle 
and parsley minced fine. Serve with fried ifish, oyster^, 
jellied chicken. — Mrs. Posey. 

Hollandaise Sauce. 

One-half cup butter, yolks of two eg^, one-half tea- 
spoon salt, juice of one-'half lemon, one-half cup of boil- 
ing water, a speck of cayenne. [Beat butter to a cream, 
add yolks gradually, then lemon juice, pepper and salt. 
Put in granite pan over hot water and beat with egg 
beater until sauce begins to thicken; then add boiling 
water, beating all the time.. Wlien like a soft custard, 
it is done. Serve with meat or feh. — (Miss Chambers. 



64 Sauces for Meat and Fish. 

Bearnaise Sauce. 

Yolks of two eggs, three tablespoons boiling water, one 
tablespoon lemon juice, three tablespoons salad oil, a 
dash of salt and cayenne. Beat yolks very light, put in 
pan and set in boiling water; stir into it, a few drops at 
•a time, the salad oil, then gradually the boiling water, 
next the lemon juice, cayenne and salt. To be served 
with fish, chops, cutlets and steaks. 

Mustard. 

Three tablespoons ground mustard, one egg, one table- 
spoon sugar, one teacup vinegar, one tablespoon olive oil. 
Cook three or four minutes. — Mrs. Lockridge. 

Horseradish for Winter Use. 

One large teacup of grated horseradish, two tablespoons 
sugar, one-half teaspoon salt, one and one-hail f pints vin- 
egar. Mix, bottle and seal. — Louisville. 

Cranberry Sauce. 

Put one quart of cranberries in sauce pan, add one 
pint of water, cover tightly and set on back of stove; let 
simmer until all the berries have burst, then add on^ 
pint of sugar; remove cover and boil for twenty minutes 
without stirring. — ^Mrs. Mikalson, Montana. 



VEGETABLES. 

t(5* C(5* «^ c^ 

How to Cook Beans. 

To one-half gallon beans, alilow one-half pound coun- 
try bacon, one heaping tablespoon sugar, one level table- 
spoon salt. Take tender beans that are well matured, 
string and break up one quart, shell one quart, put in 
kettle with meat, cover with one-half gallon of water and 
boil for three hours or until very low; add more water if 
necessary. — 'Mrs. J. R. Paxton. 

Boiled Potatoes. 

Peel potatoes, or scrape if new, lay in cold water until 
ready to cook; then put in boiling water well salted, and 
boil until tender. Pour off water at once, shake pan over 
stove to dry out moisture and serve at once with melted 
butter or cream sauce. 

Stuffed Potatoes. 

Select large potatoes of uniform size, wash, dry, put in 
a hot oven and bake until done. €ut in halves, remove 
inside, mash well, season with butter, cream and salt, 
beat until light, fill empty shells, put back in oven until 
well heated. 'Serve with a teaspoon of whipped cream 
on each. 

65 



C)6 . . Veyetahles. 

Hcalloped Potatoes. 

Peel potatoes, and cut in thin slices or cubes; parboil, 
drain, and put a layer in a pan, sprinkle with salt, a lit- 
tle flour and bits of butter. Eepeat until pan is full, 
pour in cream or rich milk until almost covered. Bake 
in oven until potatoes are done and well browned and 
the milk has formed a thick sauce. 

Potatoes All Gratin. 

Cut cold boiled potatoes into dice; have ready grated 
cheese and white sauce. Put a layer of potatoes in bak- 
ing dit?h, sprinkle thickly with cheese, salt and paprika 
to taste, cover with white sauce; repeat until dish is full, 
having sauce sprinkled with cheese on top. Bake in oven. 

Saratoga Chips. 

Peel large potatoes, slice very thin with potato cutter 
and lay in ice water for an hour or two. Take out, a 
few at a time, wipe dry and fry in deep boiling lard; 
take out with wire spoon when brown, drain on brown 
paper and sprinkle with fine salt. 

O'Brien Potatoes. 

Cut Irish potatoes in thin slices and parboil. Put a 
layer of potatoes in a baking dish, then a layer 
of Jamaica pepper sliced, a sprinkling of flour and 
salt and bits of butter; repeat until dish is full; fill with 
cream or rich milk and bake in oven. — Mrs. E. V. John- 
son. 



Vegetables. G7 

Parisienne Potatoes. 

Peel potatoes, scoop out little balls with a French po- 
tato cutter, throw into cold water for a while, then boil 
in hot, salted water until tender; drain, sprinkle with a 
little salt and serve with cream sauce or melted butter 
with minced parsley sprinkled over. 

Potato Croquettes. 

Two cups mashed potatoes, two tablespoons cream, one 
tablespoon minced parsley, one teaspoon onion juice, 
yelks of two eggs, one teaspoon butter, salt and cayenne 
pepper to taste. Add beaten yelks to mashed potatoes, 
put in other ingredients and stir over ifire until mixture 
leaves the sides of pan. When cool, form into balls, roll 
in beaten whites, then in crumbs and fry in boiling lard. 
Or make an opening in balls, fill with peas, a little 
creamed meat,etc., close opening and fry as usual. 

Sweet Potatoes. 

Boil until tender, scrape well, dip in melted butter, 
roll in sugar, put in a baking dish, sprinkle with lemon 
juice and brown. — Sue Paxton. 

Scalloped Sweet Potatoes. 

Boil or steam with skin on, peel, slice and place a layer 
in baking dish, sprinkle thickly with sugar and dot gen- 
erously with lumrs of butter. Eepeat until dish is full ; 
pour in a very little warm water and bake until brown 
and almost candied. 



68 Vegetables. 

Cauliflower. 

•Eemove outside leaves, wat^h carefully, break apart 
and cook in salted boiling water until tender. Take 
up carefully, drain, and pour over it a rich cream sauce. 
— Mrs. Carpenter. 

Kersliaw. 

Wash, scrape the inside, cut in smalil pieces, put in a 
kettle and boil until tender. iPut in pan with skin 
down, cover thick with sugar, put a lump of butter an 
each piece and bake in a slow oven one and one-half 
hours. — Mrs. Paxton. 

Corn Pudding. 

One pint tender com, two eggs, two tablespoons sugar, 
two tablespoons butter, one cup rich milk, salt to taste. 
Avoid cutting corn too close to cob, but leave a little of 
the grain which can be scraped off with knife. Beat egg 
and add to corn, then add other ingredients; bake until 
firm, about half an hour. — Mrs. Morgan. 

Com Fritters. 

■Cut as much green corn from cob as wanted; cut tho 
grain onlly half and scrape the rest. Add salt, pepper, 
one or two beaten eggs and two tablespoons of flour. Drop 
by spoonfuls in hot fat and brown on both sides. — Mrs. 
Cassell. 

Fi'ied Corn. 

Fry out two or three slices of bacon ; have com cut 
from cob, add a little water and pour into hot grease; stir 



Vegetables. {59 

well and cook 20 or 30 minutes. Add salt and pepper 
jnst before taking off. 

Creole Green Corn. 
'Six ears of com, one large chopped sweet green pepper, 
two chopped ripe tomatoee, one large tablespoon butter, 
one small chopped onion, one-half teaspoon salt, one tea- 
spoon sugar. Score the kernels and press out the pulp oi 
corn. Put butter in pan, heat and cook together pepper 
and onion until soft; add com and cook ten minutes, then 
add tomatoes. — 'Mrs. McCarter. 

rs. 



The sweet, green peppers make quite a welcome addi- 
tion to the vegetable list. They are pretty cut in rings 
or strips and used as a garnish for sliced tomatoes. Cut 
off stem end, remove seed and cook for five minutes in 
boiling w^ater, then drain. They can be ^filled with boiled 
rice, well seasoned with butter, mashed potatoes, com 
pudding and baked in oven, imparting a delicious flavor 
to all. 

Steived Peppers. 

Use either green or ripe peppers ; cut peppers in halves, 
remove the stems and seeds, and cut each half into five 
or six pieces lengthwise. Put some butter into a sauce 
pan and when hot, add peppers; shake over the fire for 
fifteen minutes, then add enough boiling water to cover 
the peppers. 'Season with salt and a dash of paprika and 
cook slowly for twenty minutes. Serve hot with a gar- 
nish of plain boiled rice. — Anne B. Lillard. 



70 V ('()(■ liddcR. 

Fried Green Tomatoes. 

Select firm green tomatoes before they begin to turn, 
cut in thin slices, sprinkle with salt, dip in meal and 
saute in hot lard, turning so that they may brown on 
both sides. 

Stuffed Tomatoes. 

Peeil and core smooth ripe tomatoes; place in baking 
dis'h and ifill with following stuffing: one cup bread- 
crumbs, two tablespoons melted butter, one teaspoon on- 
ion juice, one tablespoon chopped parsley, pepper and 
salt to taste. Fill tomatoes and bake in oven. — Mrs. 
Thomas, Georgetown. 

Young Onions. 

Cut ollt' tops and roots, remove outer skin and cook (un- 
covered) in boiling water until tender; drain off water, 
season wdth salt, pepper and melted butter or serve in 
cream sauce. 

Stuffed Onions. 

Select six medium size onions, remove outer skin and 
boil twenty minutes; drain wdll. Cut a slice from the 
top of each onion, remove center carefully, leaving a cup 
nearly an inch thick; chop the portion taken out quite 
fine with an equal amount of meat; add one-half cup of 
soft bread, moisten with stock or milk, season highly and 
fry for ten minutes in two tablespoons of butter. Fill 
onions with preparation, place in baking dish with a cup 
of stock and bake until tender; then cover with bread- 
cm it]l)s and brown quickly. — M. Powling Bond, 



Vcfjcfahfrs. 'i'l 

Boiled Rice With Cheese Sauce. 

Wash a cup of rice through several waters; have ready 
in a kettle a half gallon of rapidly boiling water well 
salted ; drop the rice in slowly, to as not to stop the boil- 
ing, stir a little at first to keep grains from sticking to 
])ottom, then boil hard without stirring until grains are 
perfectly tender. Drain through colander and set in 
oven or on back of stove to dry off; put in a dish and 
pour over it cheese sauce, lifting the rice with a fork, ^o 
the sauce can penetrate to bottom portion. 

Cheese Sauce. 

Melt one tablespoon butter, add one tablet?poon flou;, 
and when blended add one cup of milk gradually an-l 
stir until smooth. Set pan in hot water, add two table- 
spoons of grated cheese, and, when melted, it is ready for 
use. — Martha Bell. 

Cheese and Rice. 

Put a layer of boiled rice in a dish, then a layer ol 
cheese broken up; repeat 'until pan is full. 'Season with 
salt, dot with bits of butter, moisten with a little cream 
and bake until cheese is melted. 

Rice Croquettes. 

One cup boiled rice, yolk of one egg, one teaspoon 
melted butter and a little cream or milk if not moist 
enough. Add beaten yeilk to rice, then other ingredients; 
make into balls with flour hands; let stand awhile, then 
roll in beaten white of egg, then in crumbs and fry a 
golden brown. — Mrs. Carpenter. 



72 Vegetables. 

Macaroni. 

Boil macaroni in boiling salted water until tender, 
drain and pour over it cold water to blanch it. Cook to- 
gether one quart tomatoes and two chopped onions; put 
macaroni in baking dish, pour over it the cooked toma- 
toes and onions, add salt and pepper, a lump of butter 
and bake in oven.' — Mrs. Wiley Searcy. 

Asparagus Tips. 

'Boil until tender in salted water and drain ; have read v 
slices of toast which have been dippd in melted butter, 
lay on them the tips and pour over a rich cream sauce. 
Can also be served in patty shells or crustades. — Mrs. Car- 
penter. 

Creamed Cabbage. 

Cut a head of cabbage moderately fine; I'oil in salted 
water (uncovered) until tender; drain and pour over it a 
well seasoned cream sauce. It can be scalloped by bak- 
ing in oven after sauce is added. 

Salsify. 

Wat^h, scrape well, cut in one-half inch pieces and 
throw into cold water. Boil until tender, drain and serve 
in cream sauce or mash, mix with bread crumbs, cream, 
butter, t^alt and pepper and bake in oven. If preferred, 
it may be scailloped without mashing. 

Fried Egg Plant. 

Parboil, cut in slices one-half inch thiok and season 



Vegetables. 73 

with t^'dlt and pepper; dip in beaten egg and cream (one 
egg ai'd one tablcspcon of cream) then in cracker crumbs 
and eaiite on both sides in butter or lard. 

C^'eamed Celery. 

Wash, cut into inch or two inch lengths, boil until ten- 
der, drain and serve in a cream sauce. 

Filled Celenj. 

Select choice small stalks of celery of even size ; mash 
Philadelphia or cream cheese smooth by adding new milk, 
a seasoning of paprika, a little 'ooarse salt, a teaspoon of 
apple brandy and one-ha^lf cup of tomato sauce; smooth 
into celery with wet knife; then sprinlde the (filled celery 
with cheese pressed through ricer. Place in a dish of 
cracked ice and serve crisp with meat course. — M. Dow- 
ling Bond. 

Cucumbers. 

Cut off each end, peel thick to remove all the green 
skin; now draw a sharp pointed knife down the ctacum- 
bers lengthwise with enough pressure to make a groove; 
have these about one-fourth inch apart; or use a three 
tined fork for this purpose, drawing it down the full 
length of cucumber. Cut cucumbex across in thin slices; 
they will be notched at regular intervals and are very 
pretty. Stand in ice water until crisp. 



74 Vegetables, 

Vegetable Barebit. 

One-fourth peck of onion=, one quart canned tomatoes, 
one-half pound of cheese, one teaspoon sugar, one table- 
spoon butter, one tablespoon lard, one pint boiling water, 
salt and pepper to taste. Peel and slice onions and put 
them into a fr^dng pan with the water, butter, and lard. 
Cover and cook slowl}- for one hour, stirring often; ad'l 
tomatoes and allow all to cook uncovered for fifteen or 
twenty minutes, so that water in tomatoee may evaporate; 
then turn into a buttered baking dish, slice cheese and 
lay on top and bake in oven until cheese has melted and 
become brown. Serve on hot split beaten biscuit, wa- 
fers, or from dish as preferred. This amount is sufficient 
for six people. — Anne B. Lillard. 

To Stew Dried Fruit. 

Wash fruit w^ell in warm water and soak over night; 
cover, stew gently in water in which it was soaked, until 
tender; sweeten and when sugar is dissolved, empty in 
dish. 

Baked Fineapple. 

Place a layer of grated pineapple in a baking dish, 
sprinkle over it sugar, cracker crumbs and bitt^ of butter; 
repeat until dish is full. Put buttered crumbs on top 
and bake in oven about thirty minutes. 

Baked Pears. 

If fre>h pears are used, they should be peeled, halved 
and stewed until tender; canned pears may be used a'leo. 



Vegetables. 75 

Put in pan, sprinkle thickly with sugar, dot with butter, 
add juice from pears and bake until done and brown, 
basting often with liquor in pan. 

Baked Apples. 

Eemove the cores from tart apples before peeling, peel, 
put in baking dish and stew until tender; then sprinkle 
thickly with sugar, add lumps of butter and bake in oven 
until brown and syrup is like jelly; ifill centers with 
marsh mallows and return to oven until they have melt- 
ed. Or another way is to fill centers with chopped nuts 
and raisins when apples are put in to bake; when cold, 
the whole should be jellied and may be served as a dessert 
with cream. 

Fried Bananas. 

Slice bananas lengthwise, roll in flour, and fry in hot 
butter. — ^Mary Paxton. 



EGGS. 

t^^ ^^ 5(5* ^^ 

To Boil Eggs, 

For soft boiled eggs, put eggs in saucepan, cover with 
boiling water and set on back of stove where water will 
keep below boiling point for five minutes ; if liked medi- 
um, let stand ten minutes. Proportion the quantity of 
water to the number of eggs to be cooked, about a pint 
to an egg. To cook eggs hard, let them simmer for twen- 
ty or thirty minutes in water that is barely bubbling. 
This method renders the yolk mealy and more digestible. 

Poached Eggs. 

Break the eggs, one at a time, into a skillet of hot wa- 
ter ; when white is firm, take up with perforated skimmer, 
sprinkle with salt and pepper and dot with butter; serve 
on rounds of toast. 

Shirred Eggs. 

Separate w^hites and yolks ; beat whites to a stiff froth 
and drop into buttered patty pans ; in center pllace the un- 
broken yolk; add a small lump of butter and a dash of 
salt and pepper. Place in hot oven and brown slightly. 
— 'Lillard Witherepoon. 

Scrambled Eggs, 

Four eggs, three tablespoons milk or cream, salt and 
76 



Eggs, 77 

pepper to taste. Beat together, turn into hot frying pan 
in which a tablespoon of butter has been melted and stir 
until cream3\ Do not cook too fast. 

Dressed Eggs. 

Boil seven eggs twenty minutes, put in cold water and 
remove the shells. 'Chop whites fine and mix in salad 
bowl with white sauce. Smooth in bowl and grate yolks 
on top. — Mrs. Matt. Birdwhistell. 

Dressed Eggs. 

Eemove shells from hard boiled eggs and cut in hailves 
either across or lengthwise; take out yolks, mash fine, 
season with salt and paprika, add a few chopped olives 
and a little mayonnaise and ifill each white; fasten to- 
gether with tooth picks. Or the yolks may be mixed 
with a little mustard, butter, cream and salt and put 
baok into whites. 

Scallopped Eggs. 

Boil eight eggs until hard, throw into cold water and 
remove shells. Cut in thin slices, place a layer in a bak- 
ing dish, then a layer of crumbs; season with salt and 
pepper and bits of butter, then put another Layer of eggs, 
a layer of crumbs and so on until dish is full. Moisten 
well with cream, cover top with buttered crumbs and 
bake in oven half an hour. — Louise Bell. 

Omelet. 

Four eggs, four tablespoons water, one tablespoon of 



n Eggs. 

butter, salt and pepper to ta^te. Beat eggs just enough 
to blend whites and yolks; add water, salt and pepper, 
and beat until frothy on top. Melt butter in frying pan 
and pour in mixture. As it cooks, cut with a knife and 
pull edges towards center with a fonk. When .a light 
brown next the pan, fold o\^er with a broad knife and slip 
on hot platter. Do not have fire too hot, or it will be 
tough. 

Omelet. 

Six eggs, one cup of cream, two tablespoons flour, salt 
to taste. Mix flour with a little cream, then add re- 
mainder and then yolks of eggs well beaten. Beat whiter 
and stir in. Melt a lump of butter size of walnut in a 
baking pan, pour in mixture and bake twenty minutes in 
a moderate oven. — Mrs. Cassell. 

Spanish Omelet. 

Three eggs, three tablespoons milk, one-half cup ham 
■finely chopped, and a little onion and pepper ifinely chop- 
ped. iSalt to taste. Beat eggs, add milik and salt; melt 
butter in frying pan and, when hot, pour in egg mixture. 
When a crust is formed on bottom, sprinkle ham, onion 
and pepper over omelet, fdld, turn on a hot platter and 
sprinkle over the top a little chopped parsley. 

Swiss Omelet. 

Two ounces grated cheese, two ounces melted butter, 
six beaten eggs, salt and pepper to taste, one teaspoon 
each of finely minced parsley and onion. Mix together. 



Eggs. 7^ 

turn into frying pan in whieh butter has been melted and 
cook until set. Fold over and serve at once. — Mrs. Car- 
penter. 

Swiss Eggs. 

Butter the bottom of a baking dish, and cover witli 
thin slices of cheese ; break four or five eggs and drop on 
cheese, being careful to keep jdlks whole. Sprinkle with 
salt and pepper, pour four tablespoons of cream over eggs, 
sprinkle with grated cheese, cover the top with buttered 
crumbs and bake in over twenty minutes. — Louise Bell. 



CHRESE. 

i^^ f^^ K^^ ct?* 

Cheese Fondu. 

One cup sweet mi]k, three eggs beaten separately, one- 
half cup stale bread crumbs, one tablespoon of butter, 
one-fourth pound grated cheese. Da.sh of red pepper. 
Scald milk, add bread crumbs, butter, pepper and cheese. 
Take from fire and stir in eggs. Baike twenty minutes 
in buttered baking dish. Serve at onceJ — Mrs. Burton. 

Cheese Bamelins. 

One-half cup of sweet milk, one-had f cup of bread 
crumbs, one cup grated cheese, two tablespoons butter, 
one-third teaspoon mustard, yolks of two and whites of 
three eggs, cayenne pepper and salt to taste. Scald milk 
and pour over bread crumbs; add butter, yolks of Qgg^^ 
and seasoning. Beat whites of eggs very stiff and fold 
in gently. Bake in ramekins or ordinary pan and serve 
at once. — 'Mrs. Sandlin. 

Cheese Straws. 

One cup of flour, two tablespoons butter, one cup 
grated cheese, one-fourth teaspoon baking powder, one- 
half teaspoon salt, one-fourth salt spoon cayenne; mix 

80 



Cheese. 81 

stiff with ice water and roll thin. Cut in narrow strips 
about five inches long and bake on greased letter paper 
on the bottom of an inverted tin. Sprinkle with a little 
salt just before taking from oven. — Miss Chaml)ers. 

Cheese Wafers. 

One cup of grated cheese, two cups of flour, two table- 
spoons of butter, two teacBpoons of baking powder. A 
little salt and cayenne pepper. Mix with ice water. — 
Mrs. A. H. Witherspoon. 

Cottage Cheese. 

iSet vessel containing fresh clabber in pan of hot wa- 
ter; heat through, stirring occasionally, until curd sep- 
arates from whey. Drain several hours in a thin muslin 
bag. Take out, put in a dish and dress with cream and 
salt to taste. Or it may be molded into little balls and, 
with a nut pressed on top of each, served with salad. — 
Mrs. Lockridge. 

Welsh Rahhit. 

Melt one tablespoon of butter, add two cups of cheese 
cut ;fine and stir until melted; add yolk of one egg beaten 
with one-half cup of milk or cream, one-fourth teaspoon 
of salt, one-half teaspoon of mustard, one teaspoon of 
Worcestershire sauce. Stir until smooth and serve on 
toasted crackers. — Martha Bell. 



SALAD. 

C^"* C:7* Ct^* ^t^* 

Waldorf Salad. 

Peel and dice tart apples, add same amount of crisp 
celery diced, and nuts according to taste. Mix lightly, 
serve on lettuce or cabbage leaf. 

Grape Salad. 

One and two-thirds lb. malaga grapes, one-half pound 
nute. Halve and seed grapes, mix with nuts and serve 
with whipped cream mayonnaise. — Louisville. 

Vegetable Salad. 

One small head cabbage, one small onion, enough ripe 
tomatoes to color. Chop all fine, mix together, add sugar, 
salt and pepper to taste ; then pour over all mild vinegar. 
Canned tomatoes may be used. — ^Mrs. McMurry. 

Banana Salad. 

Split bananas lengthwise, roll in olive oil and then ia 
ground peanuts ; put a little mayonnaise on top and serve 
on lettuce leaves. — Mrs. A. H. Witherspoon. 

Pierian Banquet Salad. 

Upon each slice of pineapple, lay half of a peach; fill 
cavity with whipped cream dressing, and lay halves of pe- 
cans on top. Serve on lettuce leaves. — Mrs. Carpenter. 

82 



Salad. 83 

Peach Salad. 

Fill halves of peaches with chopped pears and nuts, 
put a small quantity of lemon jelly on top of each, then 
on this a spoonful of mayonnaise. — ^Mrs. Lockridge. 

Fruit Salad in Orange Ba^lx&ts. 

Cut out a piece of each side of orange cup, leaving a 
strip for handle over the top; take out pulp, mix with 
chopped pineapple and blanched almonds. Fill basikets, 
serve with wliipped cream dressing and put two maraschi- 
no cherries on top of each. 

Fruit Cocktail. 

Put into frappe glasses, three strawberries (canned or 
fresh), some grated pineapple, one teaspoon orange pulp, 
the same of grape-fruit, one teaspoon lemon juice, one 
teaspoon raspberry juice, a little sugar; then fill the cup 
with maraschino cherries. Serve very cold. 

Fruit Salad. 

Oranges, sliced pineapple, grapes, marshmallows. 
Serve with whipped cream dressing and maraschino cher- 
ry on top. — Mrs. E. W. Eipy. 

Pimento Salad. 

One-half box gelatine dissolved in three-fourths cup 
cold water; add one cup boiling water, one-fourth cup 
vinegar, half cup sugar, juice of one lemon, one cup pe- 
cans, two cups celery or apples, six pimentoes, salt to taste. 
Serve with mayonnaise dressing. — Helen Ripy. 



84 Salad, 

Fimit Salad. 

One can chopped pineapple, three oranges cut in small 
pieces, maraschino cherries cut in halves, one-half cup 
chopped almonds, one-half cup chopped pecans. Mix 
with salad dressing. Make a jeilly of juice of pineapple, 
cherries, oranges, juice of one lemon and one-half box 
gelatine, color a delicate pink; when congealed, cut in 
pieces and serve with fruit salad. — Mary Paxton. 

Fruit Salad. 

^ Yolks of four eggs well beaten, two tablespoons lemon 
juice, one tablespoon Tarragon vinegar, one tablespoon 
sugar, one teaspoon mustard, one-half teaspoon salt, a lit- 
tle cayenne pepper. Add vinegar and lemon juice to 
eggs, put in teaspoon butter, put in double boiler and stir 
constantly until thick. Set the dish in cold water and stir 
a few minutes. Just before using, add one pint of whip- 
ped cream and pour over salad. One pound malaga 
grapes, skinned and seeded, one-fourth pound shelled pe- 
cans, three slices pineapple (do not cut too small), one 
small tart apple, one cup celery hearts. — 'Louisville. 

Fruit Salad. 

Eight oranges (Florida preferred) cut in small pieces, 
two large bunches celer}', one-fourth pound shelled pecans, 
one quart gelatine jelly, with a little sugar and two lem- 
ons. Put the nuts in the bottom of glass cups, add orange 
and celery, pour over this the gelatine jelly; let set over 
night. Serve with salad dressing made with one cup 



Salad. 85 

scalded vinegar, one egg, one-half teaspoon mustard, one- 
half teaspoon ealt, one tablespoon flour, one tablespoon su- 
gar. Mix dry, then add egg and one-half cup buttermilk 
or sour cream; pour into hot vinegar, and stir until it 
thickens ; if too thick, add a little more buttermilk. Put 
molded salad on a lettuce leaf, pour dressing around it, 
put a spoonful of whipped cream on top. A maraschino 
cherry on top makes it even more attractive. — Mn;. J. T. 
Boswell. 

Cheese Salad. 

One cup cream, whipped, two tablespoons cold water, 
four tablespoons grated cheese, four tablespoons hot water, 
one tablespoon knox gelatine, red pepper and salt to taste. 
Soak gelatine in cold water, add hot water and stir until 
dissolved; add cheese, salt and pepper, then whipped 
cream. Mold and serve with oil mayonnaise. — Mrs. E. 
W. Eipy. 

Asparagus Salad. 

Serve in rings cut from green or red peppers or in 
lemon rings, with oil mayonnaise. 

Cucumber Salad. 

Two large cucumbers, one cup sugar, one can grated 
pineapple, six lemons, one box gelatine, one pint boiling 
water. Peel, split cucumbers, remove seed and grate ; add 
lemon juice, sugar and pineapple, color a light green 
with green coloring. Soak gelatine in a little cold water 
five minutes, add boiling water, stir until dissolved and 
put with other mixture. Mix together, put in mold and 



86 Salad. 

when it begins to thicken, add nuts if liked. Serve with 
mayonnaise. — Mrs. E. H. Marrs. 

Tomato and Cucumber Jdly Salad. 

Peel and grate four large cucumbers and put in sauce 
pan with one-half cup water, four tablespoons vinegar, 
one teaspoon onion juice, one-half teaspoon salt and a 
dash of white pepper. Simmer .five or ten minutes, press 
through a sieve and add a few drops of spinach green col- 
oring ; into this, stir two tablespoons gelatine soaked in a 
half cup cold water; pour liquid into small round ring 
molds. When stiffened, unmold on lettuce and fill centers 
with mayonnaise dressing and surround closely with over- 
lapping slices of small red tomatoes. This will serve eight 
peopile and is very pretty. — Mrs. MicCarter. 

Tomato Jelly. 

One-half box gelatine, one can tomatoes, one cup cold 
water, a tablespoon Worcestershire sauce, one-fourth onion 
sliced, a staLk celery, a few grains cayenne, a bay leaf, 
clove and sprig of parsley. Soak gelatine in cold water; 
cook together other ingredients (except sauce) fifteen 
minutes ; add soaked gelatine, and when dissolved, strain ; 
add &auce, pour into mold and set in 'cold place to harden. 
Nuts, olives, etc., may be molded in this jelly; use indi- 
vidual molds, turn out on lettuce leaves and serve with 
mayonnaise. 

Tomatoes Stuffed With Cucumber's. 

Skin tomatoes, scoop out centers from stem end. 



Salad. 87j 

fill with finely minced cucumbers seasoned with a few 
drops of onion juice and ealt. Put a spoonful of mayon- 
naise on top of each .and sprinkle minced parsley over 
aH; serve on lettuce leaf. Tomatoes are also fine stufPed 
with chioken or ham salad. 

Chiclcen Salad. 

Cut white meat from chicken in cubes, pour over it a 
little French dressing and let it marinate an hour; add 
diced celery and almonds and pecans according to judg- 
ment and mix with mayonnaise. — ^Martha Bell. 

Cucumher EMons. 

Select large cucumbers, cut a thick slice from each 
end, then cut crosswise in one inch slices; cut each one 
of these slices .around and around with a sharp knife to 
form ribbons. Throw into ice water to become crisp. 
Use as a garnish on tomatoes or any kind of salad or fish. 

To Shred Lettuce. 

Wash lettuce, fold each leaf together and cut with 
scissors into shreds, being careful not to cut through cen- 
ter. Shake out, wrap in damp cloth and lay in cool place. 



Salad Dressing. 

t^ «(5* C^ 4:5* 

Mayonnaise Dressing. 

One-half teacup of butter, yolks of twelve eggs, four 
tablespoons of sugar, one-fourth salt spoon of cayenne, 
one small tablespoon of mustard, one teacup of vinegar, 
one salt epoon of white pepper. Beat yolks very light, add 
butter, mustard, vinegar, sugar and pepper. Stir all to- 
gether, set in vessel of hot water, and cook until thick, 
stirring constantly to keep it smooth. Eemove from 
stove, and stir in salt to taste, and the juice of one-half 
lemon.— Mrs. H. V. Bell. 

Salad Dressing, 

Yolks of four egg^, two tablespoons of butter, one-half 
cup of cream, one-half cup of vinegar, one teaspoon of 
mustard, one teaspoon of salt, one-fourth teaspoon of 
cayenne pepper, one tablespoon of sugar. Melt butter in 
a pan, add cream, then sugar, mustard, pepper and salt, 
then vinegar. Cook in a double boiler, stir constantly 
until it thickens. Just before using, add one cup of 
whipped cream. — Mary Paxton. 

Salad Dressing. 

Three eggs beaten separately, one teaspoon mustard, 
one-half teaspoon pepper, one tablespoon of sugar, one 

88 



8alad Dressing. 89 

tablespoon flour, one teaspoon salt, butter eize of walnut, 
one cup of cream or milk, one-half cup strong vinegar, 
one tablespoon of olive oil. Beat yolks, add butter, cream, 
then vinegar. Cook over hot water until it thickens, add 
sugar, salt, pepper, mustard and flour. Add whites of 
eggs well beaten ; when it begins to cool, add olive oil. — 
Mrs. D. L. Moore. 

Mayonnaise (Uncooked.) 

Yolks of two egg^, one-fourth teaspoon of cayenne 
pepper, three-fourth teaspoon of salt, juice of one lem- 
on, one cup of olive oil. Have eggs and oil very cold. 
Add the salt to the lemon juice, then the yolks; then add 
slowly the olive oil, stirring all the time. Beat until 
thick. Nice for asparagus salad. — Mrs. Henry etta 
Griffey. 

Olive Oil t>ressing. 

Put in a large basin the yelks of three eggs, a little 
salt and a very little cayenne pepper. Add one teaspoon 
of olive oil and beat until mixture is creamy, then pour 
in slowly one scant cup of olive oil; stir until smooth. 
Add two tablespoons of vinegar and one tablespoon of 
cold water. Some like a llittle garlic chopped fine. — 
Louisville. 

Dressing For Slaw. 

Yolks of four eggs, one tablespoon flour, one-half cup 
good vinegar, one teaspoon white mustard seed, one cup 
cream, one tablespoon sugar, one teaspoon celery seed, salt 



90 Salad Dressing. 

and pepper to taste. Mix together and cook, stirring all 
the time.' — Mrs. McMurry. 

French Dressing. 

Five tablespoons of o'live oil, one-half teaspoon of salt, 
two tablespoons of vinegar or lemon juice, one-fourth 
teaspoon of pepper, a few grains of paprika. Stir until 
well blended. Add a little onion juice, if liked. 



SANDWICHES. 

t^* ^^ t^f ^^ 

Chicken Sandwiches. 

One loaf of fresh baker's bread will make eight sand- 
wiches. Slice bread with saw knife and then block into 
any preferred shape with cutter. Use one pound can of 
Blue Label Boned chicken, one heaping teacup of chopped 
celery or pickle, one teaspoon of salt, one heaping teacup 
of chopped pecans, one teaspoon of onion salt, one-half 
teaspoon of white pepper, two drops of tobasco. Cut chick- 
en into large dice and put in cool place to marinate in 
one-half teacup of olive oil ; then prepare nuts and celery. 
Do not mix ingredients and seasoning until bread ie cut 
and each piece dipped lightly into whipped cream. A 
cup of mayonnaise added to fiilling is good. If sand- 
wiches are to be kept several hours before using, they 
should be wrapped in damp cheese cloth. — «M. Doweling 
Bond. 

Peanut Sandwiches. 

One small can of deviled ham, one jar of peanut but- 
ter. Mix with salad dressing and spread on thin slices 
of buttered bread. — Mary Paxton. 

Nut Sandwiches. 

Cut thin slices of bread in any desired shape, spread 
91 



92 Sandwiches. 

with oil mayonnaise and sprinkle with broken pecans or 
hickory nuts and press together. Thin slices of olivee 
can be used in same way. — Martha Bell. 

Sandwiches. 

Grind together one cup of English walnuts. Whites 
of six hard boiled egg^, three tablespoons of sweet pickles. 
Mash yolks and add one teaspoon of salt, one teaspoon oi 
prepared mustard, one-half teaspoon of pepper, one table- 
spoon of melted butter and one-half cup of vinegar. Mix 
all together and spread between thin slices of bread or be- 
tween wafers. — 'Mrs. E. H. Marrs. 

Ham Sandwiches. 

One box ham loaf, one can sweet peppers, two table- 
spoons mixed mustard, one bottle olives. Mix ham and 
mustard well, chop olives and peppere fine and mix all to- 
gether with mayonnaise, using just enough to make a 
paste. Spread on thin slices of bread. This will make 
two dozen sandwiches. — Mrs. Glasscox. 

Cheese Sandwiches. 

Two cups cream cheese, one small can sweet peppere, 
chopped olives and pecans. Mix with mayonnaise and 
spread on thin slices of buttered bread. — Mary Paxton. 
ton. 

Fruit Sandwiches. 

Chop finely nuts, raisins and dates, mix to a paste 
with orange juice, and spread between thin slices of but- 



Sandwiches. 93 

tered bread cut into fancy shapes. Serve with chocolate 
or afternoon tea. 

Celery Sandwiches. 

One cup green sweet peppers chopped fine, one cup cel- 
ery chopped ifine, one cup almonds. Chop adl fine, mix 
with mayonnaise and spread on thin slices of buttered 
bread. — ^Mary Paxton. 

Lettuce Sandwiches. 

Butter bread, spread with mayonnaise, sp'rinkle with 
nuts and put a crisp lettuce leaf between; omit nuts -f 
desired. 

Brown Bread Sandwiches. 

Butter very thin slices of brown bread and lay be- 
tween them finely chopped almonde slightly salted. 

Cheese Canapes. 

Cut white bread into strips two inches long and one 
and one-half inches wide. Spread each with cream cheese 
mixed to a paste with cream dressing; garnish with rib- 
bons of red pepper. Or cut stale bread into rounds with 
biscuit cutter, brush with melted butter, spread thinly 
with prepared mustard and sprinkle thickly with grated 
cheese. Place in oven until cheese melts. Serve canapes 
as sandwiches or with lettuce, watercress or any green 
salad. 

Layer Sandwiches. 

Cut the crust from each side and end of a loaf of 



94 Sandwiches. 

bread in a single slice; then cut bread in four slices 
lengthwise; spread soft butter sparingly between the 
slices, then stack together with chicken fil'ling between 
■first two layers, nut filling between next two, and chicken 
filling between last two. The chicken filling is made by 
mixing minced chicken with mayonnaise and nut filling is 
m.ade in the same w^ay. Wrap in damp cheese cloth, put 
a light weight on top and when ready to serve, slice and 
serve on lettuce leaves. Any preferred filling may be 
used. 

Date Sandwiches. 

Mash dates and add enough cream to make a paste. 
Slice bread thin, put on it ^a layer of whipped cream, then 
a layer of dates, then a la3'er of chopped nuts, then more 
whipped cream, and lastly the other slice of bread. — 
Katherine Lockridofe. 



BEVERAGES. 

^% ^w ^* c^* 

Coffee. 

Have coffee pot thoroughly clean and well scalded. 
Grind icoffee fairly tine, put in pot allowing one table- 
spoon to each cup of cold water. Add the white of an 
egg slightly beaten, let all come to a boil and boil for 
three minutes, stuffing the spout with paper to prevent 
the aroma from escaping. Set on back of stove, scrape 
grounds from sides and pour in one-half cup of cold wa- 
ter, which perfects the clearing. The use of the egg is 
not absolutely necessary, the cold water will clear it. 
Where .a large quantity is to be made, allow one cup of 
ground coffee to eix cups of water. After setting on back 
of stove, let stand ten minutes before servino-. 

Tea. 

Use freshly boiled water for m^aking tea; scald tea- 
pot, then put in one teaspoon of tea for each cup of boil- 
ing water. Pour water over tea, stand back on stove to 
steep for five minutes. Do not boil. 

Iced Tea. 

Make a little stronger than u^ual, dilute with cold wa- 
ter. Serve in tall glasses with crushed ice, a slice of 
lemon and a sprig of mint in each glass. 

95 



96 Beverages. 

Chocolate. 

Six cups milk, two cups boiling water, one cup sugar, 
a pinch of salt, three squares of Baker's bitter chocolate. 
Scald milk in double boiler. Put chocolate in saucepan 
and hold over hot water until melted, now add the two 
cups of boiling water graduall}^, stirring to keep «nooth; 
add sugar, and when smooth, put on stove and boil two 
minutes. Put this in the hot milk and beat two minutes 
with egg-beater to prevent scum from forming on top. 
Serve in chocolate cups with .a teaspoon of whipped 
cream on top of each. — Louise Bell. 

Egg Chocolate {One Glass.) 

Yolk of one egg, well beaten, one heaping teaspoon 
sugar, one heaping teaspoon cocoa, one cup cream or milk. 
Then add beaten white of egg. — Mary Paxton. 

Matinee Punch. 

One pound sugar, three pints hot water, one cup 
lemon juice, one cup orange juice, one and one-half cups 
raspberry juice, one-half cup of some red fruit, one-fourth 
cup pineapple cut in dice. Dissolve sugar m hot water 
and stir to a clear syrup, add fruit juices. Scatter pine- 
apple and red fruit over ice in punch bowl .and leave un- 
til chilled, then turn other mixture into bowl. — Mrs. H. 
B. Carpenter. 

Fmit Punch. 

One can grated pineapple, juice of six lemons, juice of 
four oranges, one pint strawberry preserves, one pint 



Beverages. 97 

cherry preserves, two and one-half pints ice water. Mix 
pineapple, preserves, and frnit juices together and let 
stand for two or three hours. Add water, and sweeten 
more, if needed ; then add a large cupful of crushed ice. 

Raspberry Shrub. 

Place raspberries in stone jar, cover with cider vine- 
gar and let stand twenty-four hours. Strain and press 
out juice. To each quart of juice, add one quart of su- 
gar. Stir until sugar dit^solves, then boil ten minutes. 
Bottle and seal while hot. Serve in glasses with crushed 
ice. 

BlacMerry Shmb. 

One quart blackberry juice, one pound white sugar, 
whites of two eggs, one pint cider vinegar. Strain juice 
through cloth, add other ingredients; boil and skim well. 
Seal while hot. — Mrs. McMurry. 

Blachberry Acid. 

Twelve pounds blackberries, two quarts water, five 
ounces tartaric acid. Dissolve acid in water, and pour 
over blackberries which have been placed in stone jar. Let 
stand forty-eight hours, then strain. To each pint of 
acid, put one and one-half pints of sugar, stirring until 
dissolved. Bottle and cork tightly. When ready to use, 
put one teacup of acid to a pitcher of ice water. — Rich- 
mond. 



98 Beverages. 

Grape Juice. 

Twenty pounds grapes, three pounds sugar, three 
quarts water. Stem grapes, wash and put in kettle with 
water. Boil, strain, add sugar, and boil ten minutes. 
Then strain and bottle. Two bushels of grapes will make 
a little more than four gallons. — Mrs. J. M. Johnson. 

How To Fill and Seal Bottles. 

Stand bottles in a pan of warm wateT, iill to overflow- 
ing with hot liquid, press cork in firmly, and insert top 
of bottle in melted sealisg wax. 

Syrup For Lemonade. 

Mix four cups water, three cups sugar, and boil for 
fifteen minutes. Add one cup lemon juice, cool and put 
in glass jar. When wanted for use, dilute with ice water 
according to taste. 



PASTRY. 

^^ c5* ^^ ^^^ 

Puff Paste. 

Two and one-half cups flour, one cup butter, one-half 
teaspoon salt. Wasli the hands and dip them first in hot 
water and then in cold water. Wash the butter in cold 
water, working it with the hands until it ie light and 
waxy ; pat all the water out. Shape into two thin cakes 
and put on ice to harden; put salt in flour, rub in one- 
third of butter with hands, and mix with ice water into 
moderately stiff dough; knead until smooth. Sprinkle 
the board lightly with flour and lay paste on it, roll out 
about one-fourth of an inch thick, break the remainder 
of butter in bits and spread on paste. Now fold the parts 
over from each side until edges meet ; next fold over ends 
but not to meet, then double the paste and roll from you 
with light strokes until one-third of an inch thick; fold 
and roll as before repeating four or five times. Put on 
ice at leaet an hour before using ; bake in quick oven. 

Plain Paste. 

Three cups flour, two-thirds cup lard, two-thirds cup 
ice water, one teaspoon sugar. Mix lard, flour and sugar 
together, add water and set in 'cold place at least half an 
hour before using. — Mary Paxton. 



100 Pastry. 

Pastry. 

Two €ups flour, three-fourths cup lard (or half lard 
and half butter), one teaspoon salt, ice water for stiff 
dough. Roll thin, and bake before putting in .filling. 

Pastry for Short Cake, Fruit Pies, Etc. 

Two cups flour, two heaping tablespoons lard, two lev- 
el teaspoons baking powder, one teaspoon salt, cold water 
or sweet milk for moderately stiff dough. Add yolk of 
one egg if preferred. 

Meringue For Pies. 

For each white of egg, allow^ one rounding tablespoon 
sugar. 'Beat whites stiff, add sugar gradually and beat 
well. Spread on top of pies and brown in slow oven. 

Lemon Pie (One Pie.) 

Four tablespoons sugar, two tablespoons butter, one 
tablespoon flour,two eggs,four tablespoons hot water, juice 
and grated rind of one-half lemon. Mix sugar and flour to 
gether, rub butter in smoothly, add yelks, grated rind and 
lemon juice, then pour on very gradually the hot water, 
stirring to keep smooth. Cook over hot water until 
thick and put in crust which has been previously baked. 
Make meringue of whites of eggs, put on top and brown 
in oven; — 'Mrs. R. H. Maris. 

Lemon Pie. 

One and one-half cups boiling water, two cups sugar, 
two heaping tablespoons butter, three egg^, three heaping 



Pastry. 101 

tablespoons com starch, juice of one and one-half lemons. 
Boil sugar, butter and water together ; beat yolks of eggs 
and add corn starch dissolved in a little cold water ; add 
this to boiling mixture, stirring constantly. Cook until 
very thick and for several minutes after it begins to boil. 
Add lemon juice and pour into crusts which have been 
previously baked. Make meringue of whites. — ^Mrs. Mik- 
alson, Mont. 

Orange Pie. 

One large cup sugar, one heaping tablespoon flour, 
three eggs, two tablespoons melted butter, grated rind of 
one and juice of two large oranges. Mix together sugar 
and iflour, .add orange juice and gratings, then well beaten 
yolks and lastly butter. The juice of one-half lemon im- 
proves it. Use whites for meringue. — Miss Chambers. 

Cream Pies. 

Six eggs beaten separately, one and one-half pints new 
milk, two cups sugar, five tablespoons flour, butter size of 
an Qgg. Put on milk, beat eggs, flour and sugar together, 
and stir into boiling milk ; cook until a thick custard ; fla- 
vor to taste and piit in baked crusts. Use whites for 
meringue. — 'Mrs. Wiley Searcy. 

Cream Pies. 

Five eggs, two cups sugar, two tablespoons flour, two 
tablespoons butter, one and one-half pints cream, one nut- 
meg. Beat yolks, add sugar and flour mixed together, 
then cream and butter. Put in double boiler, stir con- 



102 Pastry. 

t^tantly untilly ready to boil, then put in crusts and bake. 
Make meringue of whites. — Mrs. J. E. Paxton. 

Cream Pies (Three Pies.) 

Five eggs, beaten separately, one pint cream, one cup 
butter, one pint sugar,- one heaping tablespoon flour. Use 
whites for meringue. — Mrs. Alice Lillard. 

Cream Pie. 

One cup brown sugar, one pint milk, one tablespoon 
butter, two tablespoons corn starch, whites of two eggs, 
cinnamon and nutmeg to fliavor. Mix sugar, corn etarch, 
butter and stir into hot milk; cook until thick, then fold 
in lightly the beaten whites. Pour into baked crusts and 
brown slightly in hot oven. — Mrs. J. W. Major. 

Cream Pie. 

One quart new milk, two cups sugar, four eggs, two 
heaping tablespoons flour. Put one and one-half cups of 
sugar in yolks of eggs, add flour and stir into boiling 
milk until a thick custard; 'flavor with vanilla. When 
cold, fill baked pie crusts and cover with meringue made 
with whites of eggs and one-half 'cup sugar. Set in oven 
to brown.— Mrs. H. V. Bell. 

Jelly Pie. 

One cup sugar, one-half cup butter, one cup acid jelly, 
four eggs. Beat well together and flavor to taste. — 
Louise Bell. 



Pastnj. 103 

Chocolate Pie. 

Three eggs beaten separately, one pint cream, two cups 
sugar, one-half cup butter, three tablespoons flour, three 
tablespoons bitter chocolate, grated; flavor with vanilla. 
Put cream in double boiler; melt chocolate in pan, add 
butter, flour, sugar, and yolks of eggs ; beat well together, 
pour over them the hot cream gradually, stirring con- 
stantly, return to fire and cook until t^hick; fill baked 
crusits and finish cooking. Make meringue of whites. — 
Mrs. Alice Lillard. 

Chocolate Pie Without Meringue. 

Four eggs, three tablespoons cream, three tablespoons 
butter, one and one-half cups sugar, two squares bitter 
chocolate. Melt chocolate, add butter and sugar, and 
when well mixed, add eggs and cream. Beat well to- 
gether, put in half baked crusts and bake in oven. — Mrs. 
Morgan. 

Buttermilk Pie. 

One egg, yolks of two eggs, two cups sugar, one-half 
cup melted butter, two tablespoons flour, one cup butter- 
milk, flavor with lemon. Use whites of two eggs for 
meringue. — Mrs. Cassell. 

Cocoanut Pie. 

One pint milk, one cup sugar, one cocoanut grated, 
three eggs beaten separately. Add sugar to beaten yelks, 
then cocoanut, then milk. If prepared cocoanut is used, 
take one heaping cup. Make meringue of whites.' — ^Mise 
Chambers. 



104 Pastry. 

Pineapple Pie. 

Five Qgg^ beaten separately, one-half cup butter, one 
cup cream, two tablespoons flour, two cups sugar, a small 
can grated pineapple. Beat sugar, flour, yelks of eggs 
and butter together, add pineapple and cream and cook 
over boiling water until a thick custard. Put in par- 
tially baked crusts and Ifinish baking- Use whites fur 
meringue. — Mrs. 'Lockridge. 

Mock Mince Pie. 

Two 'Cups sugar, one cup buttermilk, one cup seeded 
raisins, one teaspoon flour, two tablespoons butter, four 
eggs beaten separately, one teaspoon each of cloves, cinna- 
mon and nutmeg. Mix together, put in partially baked 
crusts and cook until done. Use whites for meringue. — 
Martha Bell. 

Caramel Pie. 

Two cups brown sugar, one cup milk, three table- 
spoons butter, four eggs, two tablespoons flour, flavor with 
vanilla. Moisten sugar with just enough water to make a 
thick paste ; add butter and cook to a thick syrup ; beat 
yolks of eggs, add flour, stir until smooth and pour grad- 
ually into the syrup, stirring all the time. When the mix- 
ture becomes very thick, pour into crusts which have been 
previously baked. Make meringue of whites. — ^Mre. Mor- 
gan. 

Caramel Pie. 

One pint brown sugar, one cup sweet milk, yolks of 



Pasiry. 105 

three eggs, one tablespoon butter, two tablespoons flour, 
a pinch of salt. — Mrs. Ad die Springate. 

Jam Pie. 

One cup jam, one cup butter, one-half cup sweet milk, 
four eggs beaten separately, one cup sugar. Mix all to- 
gether and cook until thick, p'ut in baked crusts, using 
whites for meringue. — Mrs. E. H. Marrs. 

Boh Andy Pie. 

Four eggt^ beaten together, one cup butter, three cup>: 
sugar, one cup cream, two and one-half tablcf^poons flour, 
flavor to taste. Put in unbaked crusts and bake very 
slowly. — Mrs. A. H. Witherspoon. 

Butterscotch Pie. 

One cup light brown sugar, two eggs, two tablespoons 
flour, one cup cold water, two heaping tablespoons butter, 
one teaspoon vanilla. Mix sugar, flour, and yolk of eggs 
to a smooth paste, add gradually the water and butter and 
stir over hre until thick, then add vaniMa and pour into 
baked crusts. Use the whites for meringue. A few ba- 
nanas sliced into crusts and then covered with filling 
makes an excellent pie. — Mrs. Matt Birdwhistell. 

Apple Pie. 

Line a deep pan with a good crust, take firm tart apples, 
peel and slice thin, add plenty of butter and sugar, a lit- 
tle nutmeg, a few drops of lemon juice; cover over and 
bake. Serve hot. — ^Sue Paxton. 



106 Pastry. 

Molasses Pie. 

Two eggs, one cup brown sugar, one cup molasses. But- 
ter size of Qgg, rind and juice of two lemons. — Louisville. 

Stack Pies. 

One cup butter, tw^o cups sugar, six eggs, flavor to taste. 
Beat all together and cook over hot water until real thick. 
Bake six flat crusts of paltry and spread each with filling 
and stack. It may be iced if desired ; nice for luncheon. 
^-Mrs. Miatt Birdwhistell. 

Bhuharh Meringue Pie. 

One quart rhubarb, one and one half cups water, two 
and one half cups sugar, four eggs beaten separately, two 
level tablespoons flour, flavor with lemon. Stew rhubarb 
in water; when done, add other ingredients and took to- 
gether until thick. Pour into baked crusts and cover with 
meringue made of white of eggs. — ^Mrs. J. W. Major. 

Rhubarb Pie. 

Cut rhubarb in one half inch pieces : fill pie pans with 
good crust, sprinkle sugar thickly over bottom, put in 
pieces of rhubarb (uncooked), until pan is almost full, 
strew thickly with sugar, dot generously with butter and 
moisten with water, being careful not to use too much. 
Put narrow strips of pastry across top each way, dampen 
with water, sprinkle with sugar, and bake slowly in oven 
until a nice brown and a thick syrup has formed in pie. 
— 'Mrs. Morgan. 



Pastry, 107 

Pumphin Pie. 

iStevv pumpkin in a very little water until very soft and 
press through colander. Line a deep pan with good pastry 
and make 'filling as follows : — Two cups stewed pumpkin 
a scant pint of milk, one cup sugar, two eggs, one teaspoon 
ginger, one half teaspoon cinnamon, one half teaspoon 
saltytwo tablespoons butter. Bake in one crust. — Mrs. 
Carpenter. 

Moch Chewy Pie. 

One cup cooked cranberries, one cup seeded raisins 
stewed, one table spoon cornstarch, three tablespoons sugar. 
Flavor with vanilla if liked. Bake with upper and lower 
crusts. — Mrs. Major. 

Amber Pie. 

Five eggs beiaten separately, one and one half cups 
sugar, one cup butter, one pint cream, one heaping table- 
spoon flour, one cup damson preserves. Use whites for 
meringue. — Mrs. Stanley Johnson. 

Green Tomato Mincemeat. 

One peck green tomatoes chopped. Drain the water 
off, throw away, and put on the same quantity of fresh 
hot water. Eepeat this until they have been scalded 
three times. Then drain and add five lbs. brown sugar, two 
lbs. seeded raisins, one cup chopped beef suet, one cup 
vinegar, two tablespoons salt, two tablespoons ground cin- 
namon, two tablespoons allspice, one grated nutmeg. Boil 



108 Pastry. 

all together until thick and put in self sealers. — ^>Irs. Lou 
E. McKee. 

Mince Meat. 

Two lbs. tenderloin beef, one and one-half lbs. suet, 
one lb. currants, four lbs. white or brown sugar, one-half 
lb. each of candied orange and lemon peel, one and one- 
half lbs. raisins, four lbs. chopped apples, one quart cher- 
ries, one quart peaches, two nutmegs grated, one tab- 
spoon cloves, two tablespoons allspice, two tablespoons 
mace, three tables?poons cinnamon, one quart whiskey, one 
quart grape juice. Boil meat until tender, and grind or 
chop fine and salt. Chop all fruits and suet, mix to- 
gether, let come to a boil and can in quart jars. This 
will fill nine qurts. — Mary Paxton. 

Mince Meat. 

Four lbs. lean boiled beef chopped coarse, three Ibe. suet 
chopped fine, eight lbs. pared and cored apples chopped, 
five Ibe. seeded raisins, three lbs. Zantee Currants, five lbs. 
sugar, one lb. citron chopped fine, and one lb. candied 
lemon peel chopped, two quarts boiled apple cider, one 
pint cider vinegar, four teaspoons cinnamon, two tea- 
spoons nutmeg, twelve teaspoons salt, one teaspoon cloves. 
Boil thirty minutes and put in self-sealers. This makes 
one dozen quarts. — Mrs. Minnie Springate. 



DESSERTS. 

i^ ?(5* c^* %5^ 

Apple Dumplings. 

One third cup butter, one egg, three fourths cup sweet 
milk, one-half teaspoon salt ,one tablespoon sugar, two 
full teaspoons baking powder, enough flour to 
make a soft dough. Put on board and roll about one 
fourth of an inch thick, spread with butter and thickly 
with chopped apples. Roll tightly ae you would Jelly roll. 
Cut crosswise in pieces about three inches long ; stand on 
end in buttered pan. Mix thoroughly a heaping table- 
spoon of flour, two thirds cup of sugar, and one pint of 
water and pour over dumplings. Drop smaK lumps of 
butter on each dumpling, dust with grated nutmeg and 
bake in moderate oven. Serve with cream. Other kinds 
of fruits may be substituted, grated pineapple being es- 
pecially nice.' — ^Mrs Wiley Searcy. , 

Cocoanut Roll. 

Melt one half cup of butter and stir into it two cups of 
sugar. Eoll nice pastry thin and spread on it the butter 
and sugar; sprinkle over it shredded cocoanut and a few 
raisins. Eoll up, pinch the edges together and place in 
pan. Pour over it one half cup of hot water, sprinkle 
sugar and bits of butter over top and bake in moderate 
oven until brown. Serve with sauce. — -Louise Bell. 

109 



110 Desserts. 



Fritters. 



Three eggs, three cups flour, two cups buttermilk, one 
teaspoon soda. Beat eggs separately ; add to the yolks the 
milk and flour alternately; stir in sock, then fold in stifif- 
lly beaten whites. Add chopped .apples, peaches, pineapple, 
oranges, etc.; drop by spoonful into boiling lard and fry 
a light brown. Serve with maple syrup. 

Bell Fritters. 

One cup boiling water, two tablespoons butter, one cup 
flour, three eggs. Put butter in saucepan, add flour and 
stir until it leaves sides of pan. Kemove from fire, cool 
some, and beat in the eggs one at a time. Drop by spoon- 
fulls into boiling lard and fry a golden brown. 

Cream Puffs. 

One and one-half cups flour, two-thirds cup butter, one 
cup boiHing water, five eggs beaten separately. Boil but- 
ter and water together and stir in flour while boiling; 
beat until smooth ; when cool, add beaten yolks and then 
stiffly beaten whites. Drop on tins and bake thirty min- 
utes. Fill them with the following cream : one pint milk, 
one cup sugar, two-thirds cup flour, two egg?. Beat eggs, 
flour, land sugar together and stir into boiling milk. Cook 
until thick and flavor with vanilla. 

Peach Pudding. 

One can of peaches, one cup flour, one cup sugar, one 
teaspoon baking powder, four beaten eggs, one tablespoon 



Desserts. Ill 

melted butter, two cups milk, one-fourth teaspoon salt. 
Mix flour and sugar well, add melted butter, eggs, milk, 
baking pow^der, salt and peach juice; whip for four min- 
utes. Put peaches in a buttered pudding mould and pour 
the custard over them. Bake in moderate oven until a 
rich brown. Serve with thick cream. — ^Mrs. Coleman 
Warford. 

Queen of Puddings. 

One pint bread crumbs, one quart milk, one pint sugar, 
four eggs beaten separately, grated rind of one lemon, but- 
ter size of an Qgg. Bake slowly until well done. Beat 
whites of eggs to a stiff froth with a teaspoon of sugar. 
Spread over the pudding a layer of jelly and then the 
whites of eggs; brown in oven. — Jennie Lillard. 

Orange Boly Poly. 

Make a nice dough, roll it out into a narrow long sheet 
about a quarter of an inch thick. 'Spread thickly over it 
peeled and sliced oranges; sprinkle liberally with white 
sugar, scatter over all grated orange peel, then rolil it up ; 
fold the edges well together to keep the juice in. Wring 
a cloth out of hot water, flour it well, tie the pudding in 
it and boil one and one-half hours. Serve with lemon 
sauce. 

Rice Pudding. 

One cup rice, one pint milk, two ounces of butter, three 
eggs, one and one-half cups sugar. Boil rice until ten- 
der, drain and add milk; then stir in butter and yolks of 



112 Desserts, 

eggs beaten with sugar. Put in baking dish and bake 
half an hour. Make meringue of whites, spread on top 
and brown. Serve cold with sauce or cream. — Mrs. F. 
V. Nelson. 

Broivn Betty. 

Spread the bottom of a well buttered baking dish with 
a thick layer of browned bread crumbs. Add lumps of 
butter, then a layer of sweetened apple sauce and a sprink- 
ling of nutmeg, more lumps of butter, a layer of crumbs, 
alternating with layers of apple sauce. Have the top 
layer of crumbs and butter. Bake thirty minutes, serve 
hot with sauce. — Mrs. McCarter. 

Peacli Betty. 

Make as brown betty, using chopped, uncooked ripe 
peaches; omit nutmeg. Bake and serve with cream. — 
Martha BelH. 

Jerusalem Pudding. 

Two pounds dates, one-half pound nuts, one quart 
sweet milk, one cup flour, one cup sugar, six eggs beaten 
separately. 'Put in pan and bake. Serve with whipped 
cream. — ^Mrs. P. H. Marrs. 

Date Pudding. 

One cup dates, one cup shelled pecans, two eggs beaten 
separately, one cup sugar, one teaspoon baking powder, 
one tablespoon flour. Dredge nuts and dates with the 
flour; beat baking powder into whites of eggs and sugar 



Desserts. 113 

into yellows. Mix al together and bake. — Mrs. Harry 
L. Wetherbee. 

Prune Pudding. 

One pint milk, one-ha'lf -cup bread crumbs, one-balf cup 
sugar, one cup of stewed chopped prunes, one tablespoon 
butter, three eggs, a little cinnamon. Beat eggs with su- 
gar until light, add a pinch of salt, cinnamon, milk, 
crumbs and prunes. Mix well, turn into a butttered pud- 
ding dish, dot top with bits of butter and bake slowiy un- 
til custard is set. Serve with cream and sugar or a lemon 
sauce, — ^Virsinia. 



o^ 



Thanhsgiving Pudding. 

Four eggs beaten separately, one cup sugar, one -cup stale 
cake crumbs, one cup raisins, one cup chopped nuts, two 
tablespoons butter, four tablespoons whiskey. Mix well 
and bake until it begins to thicken; do not overcook. 
Serve with whipped cream. — Mrs. Burton. 

A Delmonico Pudding. 

Five eggs beaten separately, three tablespoons corn 
starch, six tablespoons sugar, one quart milk. Make into 
a custard and cook until thick ; pour into baking dish and 
bake until set. Place over a layer of canned peaches, 
make a meringue of whites, spread over top and brown. 
Serve with or without sauce. — tMrs. A. €. Witherspoon. 

Woodford Pudding. 

Three eggs, one cup sugar, one-half cup butter, one cup 



114 Desserts. 

flour, one teaspoon soda, three teaspoons butter-milk, cin- 
namon and nutmeg to taste. Dissolve soda in butter- 
milk, mix aill well, pour into pudding dish and bake slow- 
ly. Make a meringue of whites, spread on top and brown. 
— Mrs. J. W. Lockridge. 

Germam, Puffs. 

Five eggs, one pint new milk, two tablespoons butter, 
a pinch of salt, ten heaping tablespoons flour. Mix well, 
beating out all lumps. Bake in muffin rings and serve at 
once with sauce. — Anne B. Lillard. 

Favorite Pudding. 

Lay slices of stale cake in the bottom of a pudding dish, 
dot with bits of butter; then put a layer of canned black- 
berries, cherries, or any fruit preferred. If berries have 
not been sweetened, sprinkle with sugar. Put anothe? 
layer of cake, then fruit. A few raisins scattered through 
improves it. Make a custard of one pint milk, yelks of 
two eggs, one tablespoon flour and one-half cup sugar, 
pour over pudding, put in stove and bake. Make a mer- 
ingue of whites, and brown. Serve with sauce or cream. 
This is also good made with slices of buttered bread in- 
stead of cake. — Mrs. W. H. Morgan. 

Ginger Pudding. 

One cup butter, one cup sugar, one cup buttermilk, four 
cups flour, two eggs, one cup molasses, one tablespoon 
ground ginger, one teaspoon cinnamon, one teaspoon soda 
dissolved in hot water. Bake in biscuit pan, cut in 
squares and serve with rich sauce. — Mrs. J. M. Posey. 



Desserts. 115 

Sponge Roll. 

Three eggs, one cup sugar, one cup flour, one-half cup 
hot water, one teaspoon baking powder. Bake in quick 
oven, spread with jelly, and roll quickly on napkin spread 
with sugar. — Mrs. M. E. Jones. 

Foiled Jelly Cake. 

Three eggs, one cup sugar, one cup flour, two table- 
spoons water, one teat?poon each of cloves, spice and cin- 
namon, one heaping teaspoon baking pov^der, a pinch of 
salt. 'Bake in large, flat pan, turn out on board and 
spread jelly on top; roll while hot. — Mrs. Glasscox. 

Raisin Puff. 

Two eggs, one-half cup butter, two cups flour, two table- 
spoons sugar, one c-up sweet milk, one cup seeded raisins, 
two teaspoons baking powder. Steam thirty minutes in 
small molds. Serve with cream or sauce. 

Lizzie's Hot Cahe. 

Two eggs, two and one-half cups flour, one cup milk, 
one-half cup brown sugar, one-half cup white sugar, three 
tablespoons butter, two teaspoons baking powder. Serve 
with sauce. — ^Miss Chambers. 

Inexpensive Cake for Sauce. 

One cup sugar, one-fourth cup butter, one and one-half 
cups flour, one-half cup sweet milk, two eggs, one and 
one-half teaspoons baking powder, two tablespoons jam, 
spices to taste.— Mrs. R. H. Marrs. 



116 Desserts. 

Suet Pudding. 

One cup chopped suet, one cup molasses, one cup sour 
milk, three cups flour, one teaspoon soda, one-half cup 
raisins, one-half cup currante, spices to taste. — Miss Susie 
Hooper. 

Fig Pudding. 

One-fourth pound •figs chopped fine, two cups bread 
crumbs, one cup brown sugar, one-fourth pound suet 
chopped fine, two eggs, one-half nutmeg grated, one des- 
sert spoon molasses, one tablespoon flour, grated rind and 
juice of one lemon. Steam three hours and serve with 
hard eauce. — ^Mrs. H. B. Carpenter. 

Plum Pudding. 

One large coffee cup beef suet (chopped), one large 
cup black molasses, one large cup buttermilk, two large 
cups raisins (chopped) one dessert spoon soda, one dessert 
spoon salt, one tablespoon cinnamon^ one teaspoon all- 
spice, one-balf nutmeg grated, flour to make stiff batter. 
Divide, put in two molds and steam three hours. — Mrs. 
Cassell. 

Plum Pudding. 

One and one-half pounds seeded raisins, one pound figs, 
three-eighths pound citron, 5 cents worth each of candied 
lemon and orange peel, one pound currants, three-fourths 
pound shelled almonds, one pound dates, one large nut- 
meg, one quart cherry preserves, one tablespoon cinna- 



Desserts. ll'i' 

mon, one pint sherry wine, one tumbler brandy or whis- 
key, one pound beef euet chopped fine, one pint stale 
bread crumbs, one-half pint sifted flour, six eggs, one-half 
tablespoon ground cloves, two teaspoons baking powder. 
Mix well and steam from four to six hours. — ^^Mrs. E. V. 
Johnson. 

Tapioca Cream. 

Three tablespoons tapioca, one quart milk, three eggs 
beaten separately, three-fourthe cup sugar, one-half tea- 
spoon orange extract. Soak tapioca in water over night ; 
8cald milk, add tapioca and cook imtil clear; stir in the 
yolks of eggs beaten light with sugar, cook two or three 
minutes, add pinch of salt and flavoring and cover with 
meringue made of whites of eggs, beaten stiff with one- 
hallf cup powdered sugar. Brown in slow oven and serve 
cold. — Mrs. J. W. Major. 

Boiled Custard. 

One-half gallon new milk, two cups .sugar, yolks of six 
eggs, whites of eight eggs, one-half cup flour. Beat 
yolks of eggs very light; mix one and one-fourth cups of 
sugar and flour with yolks, beating well together. Pour 
this mixture very slowly into the boiling milk, stirring 
constantly. Eemove from stove when as thick as de- 
sired, and stir in the whitee of eggs which have been beat- 
en with three-fourths cup of sugar. Flavor according to 
taste.— Mrs. H. V. Bdll. 



118 Desserts. 

Quaking Custard. 

One tablespoon Knox gelatine, two €ups milk, one-half 
cup cold water, yolks of four eggs, three-fourths cup su- 
gar, two 'Ctups cream whipped. 'Soak gelatine in cold wa- 
ter, scald milk; beat eggs and sugar together until light 
and pour into hot milk, stirring all the while. Cook until 
it begins to thicken, then pour over the gelatine and stir 
until dissolved. Flavor with vanilla and color pink if 
liked; when cool, fold in the cream well whipped and 
pour into mold. When ready to serve remove from mold, 
garnish with sliced bananas, crystallized fruit, sections of 
oranges or in any way desired. Serve with whipped cream. 
The whites of eggs may be made into egg kisses and serv- 
ed with it. — ^Mrs. Henryetta Griffey. 

Baked Orange Custard. 

'Grated rind of one-half orange, juice of one orange, ono 
cup sugar, four eggs, one pint cream. Beat eggs, sugar, 
and orange juice together, stir gradually into boiling 
cream, beating well until mixture is cold; pour into cus- 
tard 'Cups, set in a pan of hot water and bake in oven until 
custard is set. Serve with sweetened sections of orange 
and whipped cream. — ^Mrs. Morgan. 

Marshmallow Pudding. 

One tablespoon gelatine, one-half cup cold water, one- 
half cup boiling water, whites of four eggs, one cup sugar. 
Soak gelatine in cold water, dissolve in hot water. Beat 



Desserts. 119 

whites of eggs very stiff, add gelatine very gradually and 
beat until smooth ; add sugar slowly, beating all the time. 
Flavor to taste. Color in two or more colors, mold in 
layers and serve with whipped cream. — Mary Paxlon. 

Maple Sponge. 

Two cups brown or maple sugar, two level tablespoons 
gelatine, one-half cup hot water, one and one-half cups 
cold water, whites of two or three eggs, one cup Englisti 
w^alnuts. Dissolve sugar in hot water and boil to a syrup ; 
soak gelatine in cold water and pour the hot syrup over it, 
stirring until dissolved. When nearly set, beat in stiffly 
whipped whites and nuts cut 'fine. Serve with whipped 
cream. — Mrs. J. W. Major. 

Pineapple Sponge. 

Three eggs beaten separately, one-half box Knox's gel- 
atine, three tablespoons lemon juice, one- half cup sugar, 
one-half cup milk, a small can of pineapple. Cook milk, 
yelks of eggs, sugar and pineapple juice together, add gel- 
atine, which has been soaked in a little cold water, and 
stir until dissolved. Add lemon juice and when about 
to congeal, stir in beaten whites and chopped pineapple. 
Nuts may be added. ' Mold and serve with whipped cream. 
— ^Mrs. Lockridge. 

Chocolate Jelly. 

One-third box gelatine, one pint boiling water, two 
squares of chocolate, one cup nuts, sugar to taste, one cup 



120 Desserts. 

maraschino cherries. Soak gelatine in a little cold wa- 
ter, melt chocolate in the hot water and pour over gela- 
tine, stirring until dissolved ; sweeten and flavor with va- 
nilla. Pour into a mold and when ready to set, stir in 
chopped nuts and cherries cut up. Serve with whipped 
cream. — ^Katherine Lockridge. 

Fruit Pudding. 

One-half box gelatine, one-half cup cold water, two- 
thirds cup sugar, two-thirds cup raisins chopped fine, 
two and one-ha'lf cups milk, one tablespoon brandy or 
whiskey, three tablespoons almonds cut fine, five eggs beat- 
en separately, one-fourth pound macaroons broken fine, 
two teaspoons vanilla. Soak gelatine in 'Cold water; 
make a custard of eugar, yelks of eggs and milk; dis- 
solve gelatine in custard, add raisins, macaroons, almonds, 
vanilla and brandy. When it begins to thicken, beat in 
whites of eggs that have been whipped. — Mrs. E. H. 
Marrs. 

Snow Jelly. 

One-half box gelatine, one and one-half cups sugar, 
three lemons, one pint boiling water, whites of three egga. 
Soak gelatine in a little 'cold water, dissolve in boiling 
water and add lemon juice and sugar. When beginning 
to congeal, add whites of eggs slightly beaten and beat to- 
gether very hard until it congeals and is light and delicate. 
Serve with a custard made of the yolks of eggs and one 
pint of milk and sugar to taste. — ^Mrs. Morgan. 



Desserts. 121 



Lemon Jelly. 



One-half box Knox gelatine, one c\ip €old wiater, one 
and one-half cups boiling water, one cup lemon juice, su- 
gar to taste. Soak gelatine in cold water, dissolve in boil- 
ing water; add lemon juice, eugar to taste, dissolve and 
pour into mold. 

Orange Jelly. 

Make as lemon jelly, using one lemon and one pint of 
orange juice. Mold in shallow dish, cut in cubes and 
serve in baskets or cups made from orange peel, with 
whipped cream over the top. Cut out pieces from side, 
leaving half the peel whole for the basket and a strip half 
an inch wide for the handle ; remove pulp carefully. 

Bavarian Cream or Chaiiotte Russe. 

Two cups milk, one cup sugar, three egg'^, one-half box 
Knox gelatine, two cups thick cream whipped, pinch of 
salt. Heat milk, add eggs and sugar beaten together, pour 
over gelatine which has been soaked in one-third cup cold 
water and stir until dissolved. Flavor with vanilla, cool, 
and when it begins to stiffen, fold in the whipped cream. 
Line a mold with lady fingers stuck together with white 
of egg, and pour in charlotte rusee; serve with whipped 
cream. Or mold in angel food cake with center scooped 
out. — ^Mrs. Morgan. 

Charlotte Russe (White.) 

One-third box of gelatine, one cup new milk, one cup 
sugar, one and one-half pints cream, whites of three eggs. 



122 Desserts. 

Put gelatine in milk and keep warm until fully dissolved. 
Beat eggs^ add sugar, beating it in thoroughly. Whip 
cream very stiff and mix well with eggs and sugar. When 
gelatine is dissolved, pour it over this mixture and stir 
quickly; put in mold. Serve with a custard made with 
the yolks of eggs. — Mrs. J. M. Johnson. 

Raspherry Bavarian Cream. 

One pint cream, one cup sugar, one-half box gelatine, 
one pint jar of raspberries. Chill and w'hip cream ; mash 
berries and strain out the juice. Soak gelatine in one- 
half cup of cdld water and dissolve in one-half cup of 
boiling water, add raspberry juice and sugar (use lees su- 
gar if berries have been sweetened). Strain liquid into 
a broad pan; when cool, beat until it begins to thicken, 
then fold in whipped cream carefully. Mold in large or 
small molds and serve with whipped cream or custard 
sauce. Other fruit juices may be used instead of rasp- 
berry. — Mrs. Morgan. 

Orange Charlotte. . . 

Two tablespoons gelatine, one-half cup cold water, 
one-half cup boiling water, one cup sugar, whites of three 
eggs, three tablespoons lemon juice, one cup orange juice 
and fine pulp. Soak gelatine in cold water, dissolve in 
hot water, add sugar and lemon juice and when cool add 
orange juice and pulp. When it begins to jelly, add 
beaten whites and whip together hard until light and 
ready to congeal. Turn into a mold lined with lady 
fingers and serve with whipped cream. — Mrs. Morgan. 



Desserts. 133 

Ambrosia, 

Peel oranges, divide in sections, and cut each section 
in pieces. Put into a deep dish a layer of oranges, sprin- 
kle with powdered sugar, then with grated cocoanut ; put 
next a layer of peaches, sprinkle with sugar and cocoanut 
and repeat until full. — Martha Bell. 

Strawberry Short CaJce. 

Four eggs, two cups sugar, two and one-half cups flour, 
one tablespoon baking powder, one cup boiling water. 
Mix yellows, and sugar, add beaten whites and pour on the 
boiling water slowly, then add flour and baking powder. 
Bake in flat pan, ice, put a layer of whole berries on top, 
sprinkle with sugar, then whipped cream on top of this. — 
Mrs. E. W. Eipy. 



SAUCES FOR DESERTS. 

%^^ ft5* C^* ^* 

Sauce for Apple Dumplings. 

One pint sugar, one teacupful butter, one tablespoon 
cold water, three eggs beaten separately. Mix all to- 
gether except whites of eggs and heat in double boiler. 
Just before serving stir in the well beaten whites. — Mrs. 
Goddard. 

Sauce For Plum Pudding. 

One egg, one cup brown 6ugar, one-half cup butter, one 
tablespoon of brandy or water. Stir well together ami 
set in pan of hot water to cook, being careful not to cook 
too long or it will curdle. — Mrs. Lockridge. 

Favorite Sauce. 

One cup powdered sugar, one-half cup butter, one-half 
cup cream, flavor to taste. Beat well together, set in 
pan of hot water and stir until well heated, but do not 
boil. 

Foam Sauce. 

One-half cup butter, one cup sugar, one-half eup cream, 
two eggs beaten separately. Cream butter and sugar well 
together; add well beaten eggs and cream, put all in a 
small! pitcher, set in boiling water and stir until it foams. 
Use any preferred flavoring. — 'Louisville. 

124 



Sauces for Desserts. 125 

Hard Sauce. 

Ten tablespoons of powdered sugar, two tablespoons 
butter. Mix until white, flavor with nutmeg, put finely 
chopped citron over top. — Louisville. 

Hard Sauce. 

One cup butter, unbeaten whites of two eggs, two cups 
powdered sugar. Beat all well together, flavor with sher- 
ry wine. — Mrs. E. V. Johnson. 

Cold Lemon Sauce. 

One cup butter, two cups powdered sugar, juice and 
grated rind of one lemon. Cream butter and sugar, stir 
in juice and rind of lemon, grate nutmeg on top. 

Hot Lemon Sauce. 

One cup milk or water, one-half cup sugar, one teaspoon 
flour, yolks of two eggs, grated rind and juice of one dem- 
on. Heat milk in double boiler, stir in flour, sugar and 
eggs beaten together. Remove from fire and add lemon 
juice and grated rind; serve hot. Orange may be sub- 
stituted for lemon. 

Orange Sauce For Pudding. 

Whites of two eggs, one tablespoon melted butter, one 
tablespoon grated orange peel, juice of two oranges, pow- 
dered sugar. Beat whites stifl', stir in powdered sugar 
until creamy; add butter and orange juice. 



126 Sauces for Desserts. 

Caramel Sauce. 

Put one cup sugar in a sauce pan, stir until melted and 
of a light blown color. Add one cup of boiling water 
or milk and simmer for 15 or 20 minutes. Add table- 
spoon of butter and flavor with vanilla. Add nuts if 
liked. — Mrs. Morgan. 

Chocolate Sauce. 

One-half cup grated chocolate, two cups milk, three 
cups sugar, one tablespoon butter, melt chocolate over hot 
water, pour over it the hot i;\ilk, and when perfectly 
smooth, add sugar and butter. Cook to the consistency 
of cream. Flavor with vanilla or cinnamon. — ^Louise Bell. 

Cream Sauce. 

White of one egg, one-half cup powdered sugar, one cup 
thick cream whipped. Flavor as liked. Beat egg, add 
sugar, beating both well together; then add whipped 
cream, mixing lightly together. 

Plain Sauce. 

Cook two cups sugar and one cup of water, adding a 
large spoon of butter. Or cream may be used instead of 
water, making a much richer sauce, in which case the 
l)utter will not be needed. Cook as thick as desired. 



CAKES. 

C^ tf^* c^ c^ 

All materials for cake should be fresh and of the very 
best quality. After reading recipe, collect all ingredients 
called for. Sift flour and sugar before measuring, using 
fine granulated sugar land well dried iflour; then separate 
eggs, beating each well. The best cooks also wash the 
butter, although some, who make good cake, do not adhere 
strictly to this rule. Before mixing cake, prepare mold by 
lining it with brown paper and greasing well with melted 
lard. If a layer cake, it is usually sufficient to grease pans 
and dust them well with flour, then invert pan and shake 
out gently the superfluous flour. Have oven moderately hot 
when cakes are put in, then gradually increase the heat 
as the cake rises. When baking a mold cake, put a thick 
paper or tin top over it, also a pan of hot water on grate 
in oven ; after it has risen sufficiently, the top may be re- 
moved and, when beginning to brown, remove hot water. 
A cake is usually done when it shrinks from the pan or 
mold. Insert a broom-straw into the thickest part, and 
if it comes out clean, the cake is done. Open and shut 
oven door carefully while cakes are rising; if necessary ^o 
turn them, do so gently. Use a wooden cake spoon with 
slits in it for mixing cake and beat batter well if you want 
a fine grained cake. 

127 



128 Cahes. 

How To Mix Plain Cake. 

'Sift and measure flour and sugar, separate eggs, meas- 
ure baking powder and sift into flour or add the last thing. 
Wash butter and cream it, adding sugar gradually, beat- 
ing until light and creamy; a little of the liquid added 
will help wdth the creaming process, w^hich is very neces- 
sary to the success of the cake. If a recipe calls for yelks 
off eggs, beat them until light and add to creamed butter 
and sugar. Add flour and milk alternately, then stiffly 
beaten whites. Fine cakes can be made without beat- 
ing whites, but the batter must be well beaten after 
they are added. Layer cakes will bake in from twenty- 
five to thirty minutes according to thickness. Mold cakes 
require from fifty minutes to two hours. Cake batter may 
be baked in large thin sheets, then cut in rounds, triangles 
or fancy shapes and iced in different colors, sprinkled with 
cocoanut, chopped nuts, etc. 

To Mix Sponge Cahe w Angel Food. 

'When yelks of eggs are used, beat them very light, add 
sugar, then beaten whites, then fold in flour and cream 
tartar. For angel food, beat whites of eggs very stiff, 
add cream tartar and beat well, then add sugar, folding 
it in thoroughly and carefully. Then fold in flour lightly, 
the motion being one of cutting through batter at bottom 
and lifting it towards the surface. Do not beat. Turn 
the mixture into ungreased mold or pans and invert on 
wire cake cooler until it drops out. 



Cakes. 129 

How To Mix Fruit Cake. 

Have fruit prepared before beginning to mix eake. Have 
raisins seeded, and cut up, citron shaved, currants picked 
over, washed and dried, almonds blanched and cut up. 
Dredge fruit and nuts by putting them in a large pan and 
sifting a little flour over them, mixing it through well 
with the hands; this is to prevent fruit from falling to 
the bottom of cake. For black cake, brown the flour, by 
putting a pan of white flour in oven and stirring constant- 
ly until it is browned evenly all through. Prepare this, 
too, beforehand. Mix batter las for plain cake, puting in 
ingredients in same order, unless molasses is used, which 
must be added before flour. If brandy is used, add just 
before fruits and nuts which are added last. Put in mold, 
set in a pan containing two or three inches of hot water, 
put thick paper or top over mold and bake very slowly. 
Put a pan of hot water on rack. Let cake remain in mold 
until cold. 

Snow Mountain Cake. 

Whites of ten eggs, four cups flour, two teaspoons bak- 
ing powder, two cups sugar, one cup butter, one cup water 
or milk, three tablespoons buttermilk, flavor to taste. 
Biake in four layers. — ■ Mrs. Glasscox. 

White Lihj Cake. 

Whites of six eggs, two cups sugar, three cups flour, one 
cup sweet milk, three-fourths cup butter, one teaspoon 
soda, two teaspoons cream tartar. Flavor to taste. — Mrs. 
Lou E. McKee. 



130 Cakes, 

Three Egg Cake. 

Whites of three eggs, three-fourths cup butter, two cups 
sugar (scant), one and one-fourth cups sweet milk, three 
cups flour, two teaspoons baking powder (slightly heaped). 
—Mrs. J. P. Ripy. 

White Cake. 

One and one-half cups sugar, three cups flour, one cup 
sweet milk, three-fourths cup butter, whites of five Qggi^ 
(unbeaten), two rounded teaspoons baking powder. — 
Martha Bell. 

White Loaf Cake. 

Whites of twelve eggs, one large cup butter, two cups 
sugar, four and one-balf cups flour, one cup sweet milk 
or cream, two rounded teaspoons baking powder. Flavor 
with vanilla. Bake in moderate oven. When done, re- 
move from the pan, take paper off, then turn the pan back 
over the cake. — Mary Gray. 

Two Egg Cake. 

Two eggs, two cups sugar, two tablespoons butter, two 
cups milk, four cups flour, four teaspoons baking powder. 
— Mrs. Junius. 

White Cake. 

One cup butter, two cups sugar, one cup sweet milk. 
Whites of eight Qgg^y four cups flour, two teaspoons bak- 
ing powder. — Mrs. H. B. Carpenter. 



Cakes. 131 

Plain Cup Cake. 

One-half cup butter, one and one-half cups sugar, one 
cup milk or water, three cupts flour, four eggs beaten separ- 
ately, two teaspoons baking powder, juice and rind of one 
lemon. Bake in greased skillet in moderate oven about 
three fourths of an hour. — Mrs. Matt Birdwhistell. 

Cream Cake. 

Break two eggs into a cup, fill with rich cream, empty 
in a pan and beat well with eg^ beater; then add slowly 
one cup of sugar and beat until light; add two cups flour 
(scant measure) with one heaping teaspoon of baking 
powder and beat again. Flavor with vanilla; bake in 
rings or shallow pans. — Louisville. 

Feather Cake. 

Two cups flour, one cup sugar, one Qgg, one tablespoon 
butter, one cup sweet milk, one teaspoon baking powder. 
Bake in rings and eat hot with fruit. 

One, Two, Three, Four Cake. 
One cup butter, two cups sugar, three cups flour, four 
eggs, one-half cup milk. Put ground spices in one-half 
of batter; bake in layers and put together with icing. 

Nut Cake. 
Whites of seven eggs, two-thirds cup sweet milk, three 
and one-half cups flour, two-thirds cup butter, two tea- 
spoons baking powder, two tablespoons sherry wine, one 
and one-half cups chopped pecans, or ground hickory nuts. 



132 Cal^es. 

Wash butter, cream it, add ,^ugar and then unbeaten white 
of one egg and beat until light. Mix other ingredients 
as usual. Bake in layers.^ — Mary Paxlton. 

Orange Cake. 

Yelks of five eggs, white of one egg, one cup sugar, 
one-half cup butter, one-half cup sweet milk. Two 
cups flour, one heaping teaspoon Eoyal Baking Powder. 
Beat yelks very light, add sugar and beat again, then add 
butter washed and creamed, milk, flour baking powder 
and white of egg beaten to a froth. Flavor with lemon 
extract. Bake in three layers and put together with fil- 
ling as follows: — ■ One large Florida orange, one-half 
lemon, yolks of two eggs, one cup powdered sugar, two 
tablespoons melted butter, two tablespoons corn starch, 
one-half cup cold water, one cup boiling water. 
Put hot water in double boiler, mix corn starch 
with cold water and stir into hot water, cook until clear ; 
add eggs and sugar well beaten together and stir until 
smooth, then add grated peel and juice of lemon and 
orange and cook until it thickens. Spread between layers 
of cake, cover it with cooked icing flavored with extract 
of orange. Garnish with candied orange peel cut in 
small squares and placed over the cake. — Mrs. J. T. Bos- 
well, Louisville. 

Orange Cake. 

One-half cup butter, one and one-half cups sugar, one- 
half cup orange juice, two and one-half cups flour (scant), 
four eggs, four level teaspoons baking powder. Bake in 
layers and put together with icing. — 'Mrs. Morgan. 



CaUs. 133 

Sponge Cake. {Nemr Fails.) 

Two cups sugar, two cups flour, four eggs, one-half 
cup cold water, two teaspoons baking powder, a pinch of 
salt. Flavor with lemon. — Mrs. Powell Taylor. 

Sponge Cake. 

Eleven eggs beaten separately, the weight of ten eggs in 
sugar, weight of eix eggs in flour. Juice of one lemon. — 
Louisville. 

Sponge Muffins. 

Two eggs beaten separately, one cup sugar, six table- 
spoons cold water, one tablespoon lemon juice, one and 
one-third cups flour, two teaspoons baking powder. Bake 
in muffin rings. 

Angel Food. 

One and one-half tumblers sugar, whites of eleven large 
eggs, one tumbler flour, one teaspoon cream tartar. Sift 
flour and sugar five times: sift cream tartar with flour, 
flavor with lemon ; bake in loaf in moderatf e oven. — Mr^. 
Fred Terhune. 

Angel Food. 

Whites of sixteen Qgg^, one teaspoon salt, two level tea- 
spoons of cream of tartar. Two tumblers of sugar, one 
and one-half tumblers of flour. Sift flour and sugar sever- 
al times before measuring. Put salt in eggs, and when 
half beaten, add cream tartar and beat until stiff. Fold 
in sugar and flour lightly. Bake in loaf in moderate oven. 

— Mrs Claxon. 



134 Cakes. 

Angel Food. 

Whites of sixteen eggs, one teaspoon cream tartar, one- 
half teaspoon tartaric acid, two medium size goblets flour, 
two medium size goblets sugar. Sift flour and sugar sev- 
eral times before measuring. Mix with fork. Bake in 
two layers in ungreased pan with a little flour sifted into 
them; have oven moderately hot. When done, let them 
stand in pans and sweat. While hot, peel off brown crust. 
Put together with marshmallow icing. — Mrs. McMurry. 

Economical Spice Cake. 

One cup brown sugar, one cup white sugar. Yolks of 
two eggs, one heaping tablespoon butter, one cup butter- 
milk, one-half cup cold coffee (liquid), one level teaspoon 
soda, one small teaspoon baking powder, one teaspoon cin- 
namon, one teaspoon cloves, one-half teaspoon allspice, 
three cups flour, a pinch of salt. Dissolve soda in butter 
milk, beat batter well, bake in layers and put together 
with icing made with whites of eggs. — ^Mrs. Morgan. 

Pound Cake. 

Twelve eggs beaten separately, one pound butter, one 
pound sugar, one pound flour, one teaspoon baking powdei'. 
Beat well. 

Lady Baltimore Cake. 

Three- fourths cup butter, one and three-fourths cups 
sugar, one cup milk, three and one-half cups flour, whites 
six eggs, two teaspoons baking powder, flavor with rose- 



Cakes. 135 

water. Bake in layers, put together with filling as follows. 
Make a cooked icing, allowing two cups sugar to three 
eggs; before putting on cake, add one cup nuts chopped 
fine, one cup chopped seeded raisins and one-half cup 
chop ped figs. — ^Martha Bell. 

Marble Cake, 

One cup butter, two cups sugar, four cups flour, one cup 
cold water, whites of six eggs, two teaspoons baking pow- 
der. Mix and take out a small portion of batter and add 
to it one spoonful each of spice, cloves, cinnamon and 
ginger; also two tablespoons whiskey if liked. Put in a 
mold a layer of white batter, then streak with dark, then 
with white until all is used. Bake thoroughly and ice 
with white icing.— Miss Rachel Lillard. 

Chocolate Marble Cake. 

Use any white cake batter, take out part, and stir in 
melted chocolate to color it. Streak as other marble cake 
and bake in mold. Flavor with vanilla. 

Devil's Food. 

Two cups white sugar, one-half cup butter, four cups 
flour, one-half cup sour milk, one-half cup hot water, two 
eggs beaten separately, one teaspoon vanilla, one teaspoon 
soda, one-half cup grated chocolate (unsweetened). Cream 
butter and sugar, put soda in milk and add alternately 
with flour and eggs. Add hot water, vanilla, and choc- 
olate which has been melted over hot water. Bake in 
layers in moderate oven. — Mrs. Fred Terhune. 



136 Calces. 

Chocolate Sponge Cake. 

Two egg=, one cup sugar, two teaspoons baking powder, 
one and one-half cups flour, one-half teaspoon salt, a 
square of melted chocolate ( unsweetened), one-half cup 
boiling water, two teaspoons vanilla. Beat eggs, add sugar 
and beat well, then flour, baking powder, chocolate, vanil- 
la, and lastly hot water. Mix well, pour into buttered 
mold or bake in layers and ice. — Mre. E. W. Ripy. 

Chocolate Nut Cake. 

One and one-half cups sugar, one-half cup butter, two 
eggs, two cups flour, two squares bitter chocolate, one-half 
cup buttermilk, one and one-half cups chopped nuts, one 
teaspoon soda, one-half cup boiling water, flavor with 
vanilla. Pour boiling water over chocolate, add soda and 
set aside to cool ; cream butter and sugar, add beaten yelks, 
buttermilk, flour, chocolate mixture and whites of eggs 
beaten stiff to which have been added the nuts. — ^Martha 
Bell. 

Apple Spice Cake. 

One and one-half cups sugar, one-half cup butter, two 
and one-half cups flour, two eggs, one teaspoon cloves, 
two teaspoons cinnamon, one-half nutmeg, one full cup 
stewed apples, one teaspoon vinegar, one teaspoon soda, a 
pinch of salt, one cup raisins, one-half cup nuts. Mix 
well, adding soda to apples; bake in layers and ice with 
marshmallow icing. — Mary Paxton. 



Cakes. 137 

Ap'ple Sauce Cake. 

One Q^^, one-half cup butter, one cup sugar, one and 
one-half cups apple sauce, one cup raisins, one-half cup 
chopped nuts, two cups flour, two teaspoons soda put in 
flour, one-half teaspoon vanilla one-half teaspoon cinna- 
mon, one-fourth teaspoon each of cloves and allspice. 
Bake in layers and spread with following dressing — 
cream one-fourth cup butter, beat in one and one-half 
cups powdered eugar and two tablespoons cold coffee. — 
Mrs. M. Earnest Jones. 

Jam Cake. 

Two cups sugar, one and one-half cups butter, four 
cups flour, one-half cup buttermilk, two cups jam, six 
eggs, one teaspoon soda, one nutmeg, two tablespoons 
spice, two tablespoons cinnamon, ten cents worth figs, ten 
cents worth of raisins, citron if liked. — 'MrsjBuster. 

Jam Layer Cake. 

Three eggs, one cup butter, one cup sugar, two cups 
flour, one teaspoon soda, three tablespoons buttermilk, one 
cup blackberr}' jam, spices to taste, raisins if liked. Bake 
in layers, and put together with caramel or any preferred 
icing. — 'Mrs. Buster. 

Mince Meat Cake. 

Two cups brown sugar, one-half cup lard, four cups 
flour, one pound mince meat, two teaspoons jam, two cups 
buttermilk, one-half nutmeg, one tablespoon cinnamon. 



138 Cakes. 

Bake in layers and put together with caramel. — Mrs. D. B. 
Cheatham. 

Fig Cake, 

Three eggs, one cup butter, two cups sugar, four cups 
flour, two cups chopped raisins, two cups chopped figs, 
one cup blackberry jam, one cup chopped hickory nuts, 
one cup buttermilk, one dessertspoon soda, one tablespoon 
spice, one tablet?poon cinnamon, one tablespoon cloves, one 
glass whiskey. Dissolve spices in whiskey and soda in 
buttermilk. — 'Mrs. M. Earnest Jones. 

Fruit Cake. 

Two pounds sifted flour, two pounds butter, two pounds 
powdered sugar, twenty-four eggs beaten separately, four 
pounds raisins, two pounds citron, one pound shelled al- 
monds (not blanched), one pound figs, one pound cream 
nuts(niggertoes), one teacup brandy, one ounce cinnamon, 
one tablespoon each of cloves and allspice. Leave out 
enough flour to dredge fruit.- — Louisville. 

Uncooked Fruit Cake. 

Four pounds raisins, three pounds currants, two pounds 
dates, one pound figs, one quart peanuts, one pint almonds, 
one quart English walnuts, {rrind and pack in a bowl, 
and every three layers, dampen with wine. Let stand 
several days before slicing. — Mary E. Cheatham. 



Cakes. 139 

Cooking Club White Fruii Cake. 

One cup butter, two cups sugar, two and one-half cups 
flour, one small cup cream. Whites of seven eggs, two 
level teaspoons baking powder, one pound blanched al- 
monds, one-fourth pound citron, one pound raisins, one 
pound dates, one pound figs. — ^Louise Bell. 

White Fruit Cake. 

Three-fourths cup butter, two cups sugar, one cup milk, 
three cups flour, whites of five eggs, two teaspoons bak- 
ingpowder, two cups white raisins, one and one-half cups 
chopped almonds, one cup candied pineapple, one cup can- 
died cherries, one-half cup citron, one cup grated cocoanut. 
Chop fruit before measuring. — -Mrs. Morgan. 

Hickory Nut Cake. 

Ten eggs, one pound sugar, one pound butter (light 
weight), one and one-fourth pound's flour, one and one- 
half teaspoons baking powder, one-half pound raisins, one- 
half pound ifigs, one pound hickory nut meats, one-half 
pound citron, one glass whiskey, two nutmegs. — Mrs 
George Hoffman. 

Pecan Cake. 

One pound sugar, one-half pound butter, one pound 
fl.our, six eggs beaten separately, one heaping teaspoon 
baking powder, two pounds pecans (before hulled) one and 
one-half pounds raisins, two nutmegs grated, one tumbler 
of whiskey. Bake nearly three hours. — Mrs. H. V. Bell. 



140 Cahes. 

Pecan Cake, 

One pound granulated sugar, three-fourths pound but- 
ter, one pound flour, one-half dozen eggs, one heaping 
teaspoon baking powder, two pounds seeded raisins, two 
pounds shelled pecans, one cup orange peel grated, two 
nutmegs grated, one-half cup molasses, one large cup whis- 
key.— Mrs. F. E. Feland. 

Black Cake. 

■Six eggs, one-half pint buttermilk, one teaspoon soda, 
one and one-half pints sugar, one pint butter, four pints 
flour, one-half pint whiskey, one pint raisins, one pint 
currants, one pint 'figs, one-half pint citron, one-half pint 
candied pineapple, one pint jam, one pint pecans, one 
pint almonds, one-half pint candied orange peel, one tea- 
spoon each of cinnamon, spice and cloves. Bake four 
hours. — Mrs. Glasscox. 

Black Fruit Cake. 
Three eggs, one cup lard, one cup sugar, one cup butter- 
milk, one teaspoon soda, one cup sorghum molasses, one- 
half cup whiskey, flour for real stiff batter, one pound 
raisins, one pound dates, one pound figs, one pound citron, 
one pound currants, one cup nutmeats, one cup jam, one 
tablespoon each nutmeg, cloves, and spice. Bake four or 
five hours in slow oven. — ^Sue Paxton. 

Black Cake. 

Fourteen eggs beaten separately, one and one-fourth 
pounds butter, one pound browned flour, one pound brown 



Cakes, 141 

sugar, one small teacup vinegar, one teaspoon soda dis- 
solved in vinegar, one-half pint whiskey, one-half goblet 
brandy, one pound citron, one-half pound blanched al- 
monde, one-half teacup black molasses, one-eigth pound 
each of candied orange and lemon peel, one pound figs, 
one-half pound dates, four pounds raisins, two pounds cur- 
rants, one-half teaspoon each of nutmeg, cinnamon, all- 
spice and cloves. — Mrs. J. S. Morris, Lagrange. 

Fruit Cake. 

One pound butter, one pound brown sugar, one pound 
flour, .fifteen eggs beaten separately, three pounds raisins, 
one pound dates, one pound almonds, one-half pound 
pecans, one grated cocoanut, one-half pt. molasses, a small 
glass whiskey, one pound candied cherries, three-fourths 
pound ifigs, one-half pound citron, one-half pound candied 
orange peel, one-half nutmeg, one teaspoon each of cin- 
namon, spice and cloves, one teaspoon baking powder and 
one teaspoon soda. Extra pint of flour to flour fruit. — 
Mrs. Northcut, Louisville, Ky. 

Caramel Teacdkes. 

Three pints light brown sugar, one pint butter, five 
eggs, one heaping tablespoon baking powder. Flour for 
stiff dough. Eoll thin and bake in quick oven. — Mrs. 
Mary Gilliland. 

Sand Tarts. 

'Beat together two eggs, reserving white of one. Cream 
one cup of butter with two cups granulated sugar and add 



142 Cakes. 

eggs; then sufficient flour to make dough stiff enough to 
roll out thin. Cut in two inch squares, dip in white of 
egg, sprinkle with cinnamon and press an almond in 
centre of each. Bake in moderate oven. — Miss Marshall. 

Hoi Drop Calces. 

Three eggs, one cup butter, two cups sugar, four cups 
flour, one cup sweet milk, one teaspoon soda, two tea- 
spoons cream tartar; flavor with vanilla. Drop from spoon 
on greased tin and bake quickl}'. — Mrs. H. V. Bell. 

Doughnuts. 

One cup sugar, two eggs, one-half cup sour milk, one- 
half teaspoon soda, two tablespoons melted lard, flour for 
soft dough. Eoll, cut out and fry in deep boiling lard. — 
Mrs. Wiley Searcy. 

Brown Sugar Teacdkes. 

One and one-half cups brown sugar, level measure, one- 
half cup butter or lard, one level teaspoon soda, two eggs. 
Flour for soft dough; cut with small cutter and bake in 
hot oven. — Sue Paxton. 

Scotch Calces. 

Two and three-fourths cups sugar, one and three-fourths 
cups butter or lard, one-half cup molasses, two eggs, five 
cups flour, three and one-half teaspoons soda, one teaspoon 
cloves, two teaspoons spice, two teaspoons cinnamon, one- 
half nutmeg. Beat eggs and sugar together, add molas- 
ses with soda dissolved in it, put lard in flour and mix 



Cakes. 143 

all together. Eoll thin and bake in quick oven.— Mrs. 
Matt Birclwhistell. 

Oatmeal Cookies. 

One and one-half cups white sugar, one-half cup butier 
or lard, two cups flour, two eggs beaten separately, three 
tablespoons sweet milk, two cups rolled oats (uncooked), 
one cup seeded raisins cut up, one cup ground hickory 
nuts, one teaspoon cinnamon, one heaping teaspoon bak- 
ing powder. Cream butter and sugar, add eggs, milk and 
flour with baking pow^der in it, add oats and other in- 
gredients. Flour the pan and drop a teaspoonful for each 
cookie. Bake in moderate oven.— Mrs Henryetta Griffey. 

Bocks. 

' One cup butter, one cup sugar, two and one-fourth cups 
flour, three eggs beaten separately, one level teaspoon soda 
dissolved in one and one-half tablespoons boiling water, 
one-half cup currants, one cup walnuts, one cup raisins, 
one teaspoon cinnamon, one-half teaspoon cloves. Cream 
butter and sugar, add other ingredients as for cake, mix- 
ing all with hands. Drop with teaspoon on unbuttered 
pan, and bake in moderate oven until brown. They will 
keep for some time. — Virginia. 

Marguerites. 

One cup seeded raisins, one cup nut meats, whites of 
two eggs. Beat whites stiff, sweeten to taste and flavor 
with vanilla; grind fruit and nuts and stir lightly into 



144 Cal^es. 

beaten egg. Use as a meringue on fancy crackers or 
wafers. Brown in moderate oven. — Mrs. E. Y. Johnson. 

Tea Cakes. 

Four eggs beaten separately, two cups sugar, three- 
fourth cup butter, one-fourth cup lard, three and one- 
half teaspoons baking powder, nearly three pints flour, one 
teaspoon lemon extract. Make dough soft, roll thin and 
bake in quick ovenj — Mrs. Henry etta Griffey. 

Ammonia Tea Cakes. 

Three eggs beaten separately, three cups white sugar, 
one-half pound butter, one cup sweet cream, one level 
teaspoon soda, two heaping teaspoons of powdered am- 
mouia, flavor with vanilla, five or six pints of flour — 
enough to roll well. Eoll thin, glaze with beaten white 
of egg$, prinkle with sugar, stick raisin in center and 
bake quickly. — 'Louisville. 

Cookies. 

One cup sour cream, two cups butter, three cups brown 
sugar, three eggs, one level teaspoon soda, one level tea- 
spoon baking powder, pinch of salt, sufficient flour for 
soft dough. Koll out one-half inch thick. — 'Mrs Wiley 
Searcy. 

Ginger Cake. 

Three cups flour, one-half cup butter or lard melted, 
one-half cup sugar, one cup cream, one cup molasses (Xew 
Orleans), two eggs well beaten, one tablespoon cinnamon, 



Cahes. 145 

one teaspoon cloves, one tablespoon ginger, one and one- 
half teaspoons soda. Sift together, flour, soda and spices, 
dissolve sngar in a little water ; when it boils, take from 
fire and add cream, stiiTing constantly. Add other in- 
gredients (except eggs) and pour gradually into the flour; 
beat to a smooth batter and add beaten eggs. Bake in 
moderate oven.— Mrs. Cassell. 

Ginger Snaps. 

One cup molasses, one cup brown sugar, one cup butter, 
two egg^, one tablespoon vinegar, one teaspoon soda, two 
tablespoon ginger. Flour for soft dough.— Mrs. R. H. 
Marrs. 

Ginger Snaps. 

One pint molasses, one pint sugar, one pint lard, two 
eggs, one tablespoon soda, two teaspoons each of cloves, 
spice and cinnamon, one nutmeg grated, two tablespoons 
ginger. Put molasses, sugar and lard on back of stove 
and let dissolve. When cold, beat in eggs, soda and 
spice; add flour for stifl:' dough, roll thin, place in pans 
not to touch, and bake in moderate oven. This makes 
a large quantity.— Mrs. Elizabeth Burrus. 



FILLINGS FOR CAKES. 

^* <(5* ^^^ ^^ 

Icing. (No.l.) 

Two cups sugar, one cup hot water, whites of three 
eggs, a pinch of cream tartar. Put sugar and cream tar- 
tar in water and stir until dissolved. Boil until syrup 
forms a long thread when dropped from tip of spoon. 
Pour gradually over stiffly beaten whites, beating constant- 
ly. Continue to beat until thick enough to spread on cake : 
flavor to taste. Vary by the addition of chopped nuts, 
raisins, etc., and by coloring differently. — ^Louise Bell. 

Icing. {No. 2.) 

Make a syrup of one cup of sugar and one-half cup of 
water ; cook until it hairs and pour over the stiffly beaten 
white of one egg, stirring and beating all the time. If 
icing is too soft, pour into a pan and set over the fire in 
a larger pan of hot water; stir until it becomes slightly 
granular around sides, take from fire, and when cool 
enough, spread on cake. If icing is too hard, add a few 
drops of boiling water. 

Marshmallow Icing. 

Two cups sugar, two-thirds cup water, whites of 2 eggs. 
Dissolve sugar in water and cook until it hairs ; just before 
taking from stove, add one dozen finely chopped marsh- 

146 



Filling for Cakes. 147 

mallows; pour at once over the stiffly beaten whites of 
eggs and beat until thick enough to spread. Ornament 
top of cate with halves of marshmallows. — Mrs. Carpen- 
ter. 

Cocoanut Filling. 

Add shredded 'cocoanut to white icing, spread on cake, 
sprinkle cocoanut on outside. 

Chocolate Coated Icing. 

Ice cake with white icing; when dry, pour over it 
melted, bitter chocolate, smooth with knife. — ^Martha Bell. 

Chocolate Icing. 

Three cups sugar, whites of two eggs, one-fourth cake 
Baker's chocolate. Add enough water to sugar to dissolve 
it, add melted chocolate and cook until it cracks against 
a cup. Pour over stiffly beaten whites, whipping vigor- 
ously all the time. Flavor with vanilla.^ — ^Mrs. A. C. Lil- 
lard. 

Chocolate Filling. 

One cup grated chocolate, two and one-half cups sugar, 
one cup milk or cream. One tablespoon butter. Melt 
chocolate in pan over hot water, add heated milk and stir 
until blended, then add sugar and butter ; boil seven min- 
utes from time it starts to boil ; take off, cool, flavor with 
vanilla, add a pinch of salt and beat until creamy. Spread 
quickly on cake. Beating while hot will make it grainy. 
Cocoanut is very good added to this filling. — (Louise Bell. 



148 Filling for Cahes. 

Maple Icing. 

Two and one-half cups brown sugar, whites of two 
eggs, one-half cup maple syrup. Cook sugar and syrup 
until it hairs from spoon, then pour over stiffly beaten 
whites ; beat until creamy and spread on cake ; one cup of 
chopped nuts may be added. — ^Mary Paxton. 

Hiclvory Nut Filling. 

Two cups light brown sugar, one-half cup cream, one- 
half cup butter, one cup nuts. Boil sugar and cream five 
minutes, then add butter and grated nuts. Beat until 
creamy and spread on cake. — ^Miss Chambers. 

Caramel Filling. 

Two and one-half cups white sugar, one tablespoon but- 
ter, one cup milk, one-half cup cream. Put one-half cup 
of sugar into a skillet or granite pan, set on stove and 
stir unti it melts and browns. Have milk heated and 
pour into melted sugar gradually, stirring until dissolved. 
Then add cream, remainder of sugar and butter ; boil until 
it forms a soft ball when tried in ice water; cool, flavor 
with vanilla, beat until creamy and spread on cake. — 
Louise bell. 

Cream Icing, 

Cook together three cups of sugar and one cup of cream 
or milk until very thick (about thirteen minutes). Flavor 
with vanilla, add a pinch of salt and beat until creamy. 



Filling for Cakes. 149 

Uncoohed Icing. 

Beat whites of eggs to a stiff froth, stir in powdered 
sugar until thick enough to spread; flavor with orange 
juice or lemon juice. 

Divinity Ici/ng. 

Put into a saucepan one cup of granulated sugar and 
one-half cup of water and cook until it threads. In a 
second saucepan, put three cups of granulated sugar, one 
cup of corn syrup and two-thirds cup of water. Cook 
slowly until it forms a hard ball in water. When the con- 
tents of first saucepan are done, pour gradually into the 
stifflly beaten whites of three eggs, add one teaspoon of 
vanilla and beat until contents of second saucepan are 
done; then add these, and beat until mixture begins to 
stiffen a little ; then add one pint of nuts and spread on 
cake. — Margaret Lillard. 

Lemon Butter. 

Yolks of three eggs, one cup sugar, butter size of wal- 
nut, grated rind and juice of one lemon. Cook in double 
boiler until thick. — Mrs. Lou E. McKee. 

Orange Icing. 

Cook one and three-fourths cups sugar and three-fourths 
cup of water together until syrup hairs. Pour over the 



150 Filling for Cakes. ' 

beaten yolks of three eggs and beat until thick enough to \ 

spread; flavor with orange juice and some of the grated \ 

peel. j 

Fondant Icing. 

Make fondant as for French candy, melt, color and j 
flavor to suit taste, adding nuts if desired. 



ICES. 

ft5* <<^ C(5* <^ 

French Ice Cream. 

One generous pint new milk, two cups sugar, one-half 
cup flour (scant), two eggs, one quart cream, one-half tea- 
spoon salt. Put milk on fire in double boiler; beat eggs, 
flour, and one cup sugar together, stir slowly into boiling 
milk. Cook 20 minutes, stirring to keep smooth. Cool, add 
cream and remainder of sugar, flavor with vanilla and 
freeze. This makes a good foundation for any kind of 
ice cream and can be varied by the use of raisins, nuts, 
fruit pulp, etc. — Mrs. W. H. Morgan. 

Plain Ice Cream. 

Firet. — 'Sweeten and flavor cream, whip and freeze. 

Second. — ^Scald cream, dissolve sugar in it, cool, flavor 
and freeze. The second method gives more body to the 
cream. 

Custard Ice Cream. 

One quart new milk, one quart cream, six egge, two 
cups sugar, one tablespoon gelatine. Soak gelatine m a 
little cold milk. Scald remainder of milk, add eggs and 
sugar beaten together, then soaked gelatine; cook until 
thick; cool, add cream, flavor and freeze, or beat whites 
and add just before freezing. 

151 



152 Ices. 

Crushed Fruit Ice Cream. 

Two quarts rich cream, one quart milk, three cups 
sugar, one pint crushed fruit. Mix cream, milk, sugar and 
four teaspoons of preferred flavoring, put in freezer and 
when partly frozen, add crushed fruit and finish freez- 
ing. — Mrs. J. L. Croesfield. 

Caramel Ice Cream. 

One large pint of milk, two eggs, two cups sugar, one- 
half cup flour, one quart cream. Beat one cup of sugar, 
flour, and eggs together and stir into boiling milk. Put 
the second cup of sugar in a frying pan and stir until 
brown and a liquid ; pour this slowly into the boiling mix- 
ture, stirring constantly until sufficiently thick and until 
the sugar is all dissolved. When cold, add cream whip- 
ped and freeze. — Mrs. H. V. Bell. 

Peach or Apple Ice Cream. 

Use thoroughly ripe soft peaches; peel, mash fine, 
sweeten and add to any good ice-cream and freeze. Stew 
apples until tender, press through sieve, make sweet, add 
plain cream and freeze. 

Peppermint Ice Cream. 

One pound peppermint stick candy, one-half gallon rich 
cream. Crush candy, heat cream in double boiler and 
pour over candy, stir well, cool, and freeze. — Anne B. 
Lillard. 



Ices. 153 

Almond Caramel Cream. 

Make a rich custard of one quart of milk, yolks of four 
eggs and one-half cup granulated sugar. Put three- 
fourths cup of sugar over a slow fire and stir until it 
melts and browns. Pour boiling custard into melted 
sugar and stir until dissolved. Brown one-fourth pound 
shelled almonde, chop fine and stir into the mixture. 
Cool and freeze. — ^Miss Marshall 

Banana Cream. 

Make French ice cream, add one pint banana pulp and 
the juice of one orange and a little lemon juice if desired ; 
sweeten more if needed and freeze. Cut little balls from 
bananas with French potato cutter and roll in orange 
juice, then in powdered sugar. Serve cream in glasses, 
garnish with banana balls and sprinkle with finely chop- 
ped nuts. — Mrs Morgan. 

Chocolate Ice Cream. 

Add sufficient melted chocolate to custard or French 
Ice Cream to color and flavor it. Flavor with vanilla and 
freeze. 

Sliced Peach Melha. 

Cut plain white cake in rounds; put a layer of sliced 
peaches on top, then a small* mound of raspberry ice 
cream, then whipped cream on top, or serve on egg kisses 
in same way. 



154 Ices. 

Bisque or Macaroon Ice Cream. 

One quart new milk, six eggs beaten separately, two 
cups sugar, one and one-half pints cream whipped, one 
and one-half dozen stale almond macaroons. Make a thick 
custard of milk, yolks of eggs and one cup oif sugar. Eub 
macaroons as fine as possible and stir into custard while 
hot; beat whites of eggs to a stiff froth and 
stir in hot custard. Cool, add whipped cream, the other 
cup of sugar and freeze. This makes three quarts. — Mr^. 
E. V. Johnson. 

Biscuit Tartoni. 

One quart cream, two eggs, one-halif cup sugar, two 
tablespoons sherry wine, two tablespoons chopped candied 
cherries, two ounces almonds blanched and shredded, three 
cups crushed macarooms. Whip cream until stiff and 
put on ice until needed. Boil sugar with sufficient water 
to dissolve it until it spins a thread. Pour slowly over 
the stiffly beaten whites of eggs, beating all the time ; add 
well beaten yolks and stand the dish in a pan of hot water 
on side of stove. Beat the mixture for ten minutes and 
set it away to cool. Add cherries which have been soaked 
in sherry, macaroons and almonds to Qgg mixture and 
fold in lightly the whipped cream. Flavor with vanilla, 
pour into a mold, pack in ice and salt and let stand five 
hours. — ^Mrs. H. B. Carpenter. 

Vanilla Parfait. 

One cup sugar, one-half cup water, four eggs beaten sep- 
arately, one pint cream whipped stiff; flavor with vanilla. 



Ices, 155 

Cook sugar and water to a thick syrup, pour gradually over 
beaten yolks and beat until thick ; add stiffly beaten whites 
and beat until cold., Fold in whipped cream, flavor, put 
in pound baking powder cans and pack in ice and salt and 
let stand four or ^five hours. Half may be colored with 
chocolate. When ready to serve, wrap cans with a hot 
cloth, slip out on dish and serve a slice of each on plates. 

IS! lit Parfait 

Whites of two eggs, one cup sugar, one-half cup water, 
one pint cream whipped, one cup nuts (shelled pecans), 
one teaspoon vanilla. Boil sugar and water together until 
it drops heavy; pour slowly on beaten whites and beat until 
cool ; add whipped cream, chopped nuts and flavoring and 
pack in ice and salt. Let stand four hours. — ^Mrs. Harry 
L. Wetherbee. 

Maraschino Parfait. 

Make as "Nut Parfait," adding just before freezing one 
cup maraschino cherries cut in halves and rolled in pow- 
dered sugar. Pack in baking powder cane and serve with 
"Orange Saurce." — Mrs. Morgan. 

Frozen Pudding. 

Make a rich custard cream; when partly frozen, ad.i 
chopped raisins, candied cherries, almonds, cocoanut or any 
kind of fruits or nuts desired. Flavor with sherry or va- 
nilla and finish freezing. 



156 Ices. 

Peach Mousse. 

One teaspoon gelatine, one dozen peaches, one-half lem- 
on, one pint cream whipped. -Peel peaches, press thioagh 
a colander and sweeten. Soak gelatine in a little 
cold water, dissolve in hot water and add to peach pulp ; 
add lemon juice, set on ice and stir, and when it begins 
to thicken, fold into it the whipped cream. Pour into a 
mold, cover tightly and pack in ice and salt. — Mies Cham- 
bers. 

Strawberry Mousse. 

Make as "Peach Mousse," adding strawberry pulp in 
same proportion. 

Moclv Pistachio Ice Cream. 

Make one and one-half quarts good French ice cream, 
add two teaspoons vanilla, and two-thirds teaspoon almond 
extract. Tint a delicate green and when partly frozen, 
add one cup of almonds blanched and pounded to a paste. 
Finish freezing. 

Sherry Bisque. 

Three pints cream, juice of six oranges, juice of one 
lemon, one cup candied cherries, one cup blanched al- 
monds, one-half teaspoon almond extract, one cup sherry 
wine. Chop cherries fine and grind almonds; whip 
cream, mix all together, add sugar to taste and freeze. 
Serve with a marschino cherry on top of each portion. 



Ices. 157 

Lemon Sherbet. 

Two quarts water, eight lemons, one quart sugar. 
Spread part of sugar on flat dish, wipe off lemons clean, 
and roll in sugar to extract the oil, then cut in halves and 
squeeze out the juice. Put all eugar together, add water 
and boil until clear, add strained lemon juice and freeze. 
A tablespoon of gelatine soaked in cold water may be ad- 
ded to hot syrup to give body. If a very clear ice is 
wanted, mix a little white of Qgg with sugar, then add 
water and boil to a syrup. 

Fruit Sherbet. 

Four and one-half cups sugar, two tablespoons foama- 
line, one quart cream whipped, one-half gallon water, five 
lemons, two oranges, one can chopped pineapple. Mix 
together and when partly frozen, add whipped cream and 
finish freezing. — Mrs. H. V. Bell. 

Orange Ice. 

Two quarts water, two pints sugar, one dozen oranges, 
one-half dozen lemons, five heaping tablespoons flour. 
Boil water and sugar to a syi:up; wet flour to a paste, and 
stir into boiling syrup and cook until as thick as starch. 
Strain while hot ; add orange and lemon juice and freeze. 
— Mrs. Wiley Searcy. 

Omnge Delicious. 

Two cups sugar, one cup water, two cups orange juice, 
one cup thin cream, one cup thick cream, yolks of two 



158 Ices, 

eggs. Boil sugar and water eight minutes, then add or- 
ange juice. Scald thin cream, add yolks of eggs and 
cook over hot water until mixture thickens; cool and add 
to first mixture, then add cream whipped stiff. Freeze 
and" let stand at least an hour before using. If liked, 
one-fourth cup of candied orange peel, shredded, may be 
added when mixture is half frozen. — Missouri. 

Orange Sherbet. 

One ounce gelatine, four cupe sugar, two quarts water, 
twelve oranges, five lemons. Soak gelatine in a little cold 
water. Boil sugar and water to a thin syrup, add soften- 
ed gelatine and stir until dissolved. Cool, add juice of 
lemons and oranges and freeze. — Mrs. Carpenter. 

Canteloupe Ice. 

Select small, well ripened canteloupes; wash off well,- 
cut in halves, remove pulp, mash and sweeten to taste ; 
add lemon juice to taste, freeze and serve in rinds with 
whipped cream on top. — Mrs. Morgan. 

Pineapple Sherbet. 

Two quarts water, two pints sugar, one can grated pine- 
apple, five lemons, one cup cream. Boil water and sugar 
to a thin syrup; cool, add lemon juice, pineapple, and 
when partly frozen, add cream and ^finish freezing. — Mar- 
tha Bell. 

Apricot Ice. 

■One quart can apricots, three and one-half cups sugar, 



Ices. 159 

three pints water, one quart cream whipped. Press apri- 
cots through colander, add sugar and water and when al- 
most frozen^ add cream and finish freezing. — Eichmond. 

Gra'pe Ice. 

One quart water, one pound sugar, one pint grape 
juice. Boil sugar and water to a syrup, add grape juice, 
and when cold, freeze. — Mrs. H. V. Bell. 

Millc Sherbet. 

Three cups sugar,^ juice of six lemons, three pints new 
milk, one pint cream. Mix sugar and lemon juice, add 
gradually milk and cream, stirring until sugar is die- 
solved, then freeze. Or use all new milk, scald it, and 
when cold, add lemon juice and sugar mixed together. 
If mixture should curdle, it will he all right when frozen. 
— ^Mrs. Morgan. 

Five Threes. 

Three lemons, three oranges, three hananas, three tea- 
cups sugar, three pints cold water. Mix together and 
freeze. — Mrs. Goddard. 

Mint Sherbet. 

Fill a half gallon vessel with green mint leaves; pour 
one quart of boiling water over them and let steep on 
back of stove. Strain, add enough cold water to make a 
gallon, juice of eight lemons and sugar to taste, but do 
not make as sweet as ordinary sherbet. Serve in frappe 
cups with roast lamb ; stick a tiny sprig of mint in each 
glass, or serve as an ice. — Mrs. Lockridge. 



160 Ices. 

Cranben'ij Sherbet. 

Boil one quart of cranberries with one cup of water 
until soft; press through a sieve. Make a rich syrup of 
one quart water and one pint sugar, add cranberry pulp, 
juice of one orange and lemon juice to taste. Sweeten 
more, if needed. Freeze and serve in frappe cups with 
roast turkey. — Mrs. Morgan. 

Cherry Ice. 

One quart chenies, one quart water, one pint sugar, 
one tablespoon gelatine, juice of two lemons, whites of 
two eggs. Cook cherries, water and sugar together until 
cherries are tender; strain and remove cherries. Return 
one cup of syrup to fire and cook until it threads, then 
pour slowly over beaten whites, beating all the time. To 
remaining syrup, add gelatine which has been soaked in 
one cup of water; dissolve and add lemon juice. When 
half frozen, add cherries and whites of eggs and finish 
freezing. — Mrs. J. M. Johnson. 

Glace or Fruit Ice. 

One quart berries, six lemons, three pints sugar. Make 
a syrup of sugar and enough water to dissolve it; strain 
juice out of berries, add a little water to pulp and press 
through sieve. Mix juice and pulp together, add lemon 
juice and sufficient water to make three quarts and freeze. 
The ice will be richer if two kinds of fruits are used; 
blackberries and cherries combine well. — Mrs. McMurry. 



Ices. ini 

Fruit Frappe. 

One and one-fonrtli pounds sugar, one lemon, two or- 
anget?, one quart water. Boil sugar and one pint water 
together for five minutes ; take off, add juice of lemon and 
oranges and cool. Add rest of water and peaches, pine- 
apples or any fruits desired. — Mrs. Burton. 

Frozen Punch. 

Six pints water, three pints sugar, one can grated pine- 
apple, one package cherry jello, juice of four oranges, 
juice of six lemons. Boil sugar and water together 20 
minutes, add jello, and when dissolved, add other ingre 
dients. Freeze and serve with a green maraschino cherry 
on top. — Mrs. Cassell. 

Fruit Shei'het. 

One-half can apricots, three oranges, three bananas, 
three cups sugar, three cups water, three lemons, one cup 
cream. Press fruit through sieve, add water and sugar 
and when partly frozen, add cream and finish freezing. 
Peaches may be substituted for apricots. 

Angel Cake Cases For Ice Cream. 

Make an angel cake from your favorite recipe, flavor 
and bake in patty pans. When cold, scoop out inside and 
ice inside and outside with fondant icing. Fill with ice 
cream and serve. Any other kind of cake may be used. 



SAUCES FOR ICE CREAM. 

^5* Ci?* K^^ ^^ 

Orange Sauce. 

Yolks of throe eggs, one-half cup sugar, one cup whip- 
ped cream, juice of one orange. IBeat yolks of eggs, add 
sugar and beat until light; add juice of orange and cook 
over hot water until it begins to thicken. Cool well and 
fold in whipped cream. — Mrs. Morgan. 

Maple Sauce. 

Two cups brown sugar, one cup cream, three-fourths 
cup maple syrup, small lump of butter. €ook together 
until thick as wanted, cool and add pecans according to 
judgment. 

Sauce for Ice Cream. 

Sprinkle over each portion of cream, maraschino cher- 
ries cut up, chopped nuts and grated pineapple, then put 
on top sweetened whipped cream. 

Fruit Sauce. 

Use raspberry, cherry or any fniit juice ; sweeten, heat 
and thicken with a little corn starch and serve cold on ice 
cream ; or sweeten plain juice and pour over cream. 

162 



Sauces for Ice Cream. 163 

Hot Chocolate Sauce. 

One square of Baker's chocolate, one-half cup cream or 
milk, one-half cup sugar, one teaspoon butter, one-half 
teaspoon corn starch dissolved in milk. Melt chocolate, 
add sugar and butter, then milk or cream. Cook over hot 
water, keep hot until wanted. /Pour a little over each 
portion of ice cream. 

Sauce for Frozen Pudddng. 

Beat the yolks of three eggs till thick, add four table- 
spoons of powdered sugar gradually; when smooth, cook 
over hot water until mixture begins to thicken, beating all 
the time; remove and beat until cold, flavor with sherry 
or any preferred flavoring, add one cup of whipped cream. 



PRESERVES, JELLIES, Etc. 

K^ ^^ ^^ ^5* 

Pret?erves and jellies should be made in small quantities 
and cooked quickly in order to preserve the color and fla- 
vor of the fruit. The usual proportion is one pound of 
6ugar to each pound of fruit for preserves; for jellies, al- 
low equal measures of fruit juice and sugar. A combi- 
nation of fruits, as apples and grapes, makes nice jelly; 
avoid the use of over-ripe fruit for jellies. 

Crab Apple Jelly. 

Wash fruit and remove stem, cut out all imperfect parts 
and blossom end; divide into quarters, but do not pare. 
Put into kettle with half as much water as fruit ; simmer 
until fruit is tender. Turn into a bag and drain without 
squeezing. Allow equal measures of juice and sugar. Boil 
10 to 20 minutes. — ^Mrs. McCarter. 

To Keep Jelly From Moulding. 

iPour melted paraffin on top after jelly hardens; when 
wanted for use, this can be removed in a solid cake. Save 
and use again. 

Blackherry Jam. 

Take nice berries, pick over well and run through meat 
grinder, using small knife. Put a measure of sugar to 

164 



Preserves, Jellies, Etc. 165 

each measure of fruit and cook until it jellies, about 30 
minutes. — ^Sue Paxton. 

Cranherry Jam. 

Put one quart of cranberries to cook in enough water 
to float them. Cook until berries have broken and the 
water is absorbed so that the whole is a thick mush. Then 
measure, and add as much sugar as fruit, and the pulp of 
three oranges, the grated peel of one orange and one cup 
of raisins. Cook all until thick and pour into a mold. 
Serve with turkey or as a jam. — Mrs. E. W. Pipy. 

Raspberry Jam. 

Mash one-half gallon raspberries, add an equal amount 
of sugar and a handful of gooseberries, if you have them. 
Cook until it jellies. 

Pineapple and Strawberry Preserves. 

Four cups strawberries, one can sliced pineapple, six 
cups sugar and a slice of lemon. 'Cook as other preserves. 
— Mary Paxton. 

Orange Marmalade. 

Slice six oranges and one lemon on vegetable slicer (or 
in thin slices with knife). To one pound allow a little 
less than three pints of cistern water; leave in stone ves- 
sel for 24 hours. Boil in preserving kettle until peel is 
tender (not mushy) ; return to jar another 24 hours. To 
each pound, allow a scant pound of sugar and add the 
juice of another lemon ; boil until it jellies. If preferred, 



166 Preserves, Jellies, Etc. 

use one grape fruit, omitting one orange. This makes 
about fourteen glasses. — Mississippi. 

Quince Honey. 

Allow one pint of sugar to one large quince and make 
a thick syrup. Peel quince and grate, put in syrup and 
boil twenty minutes. — Mary Paxton. 

Sun Cooked Strawberry Presei^ves, 

Allow one pound sugar and one cup water to each 
pound of berries. Boil water and sugar until it hairs 
from spoon ; have sound berries capped, put them in eyrup 
and simmer 1'5 minutes. Pour on shallow dishes, cover 
with panee of glass and let stand, where the direct rays 
of sun will fall on them for two or three days, turning the 
fniit two or three times each day; bring in at night. 
When thick enough, put in self-sealers. 

To Can Berries. 

Use fresh, firm fruit ; pick over, wash and drain. Fill 
cans full, set on a wet folded towel and till to overflowing 
with a syrup made by cooking together one cup of sugar 
(for each pint Jar) and one-half cup of water. Put on 
rubbers and screw on tops tightly. Lay a thick cloth in 
the botto'm of a boiler, have in it boiling water to come 
to the rims of cans and set the cans in it; cover closely 
and leave until perfectly cold. If preferred, they may 
be allowed to boil five minutes; then turn off heat and 
allow to stand in water until cold. This method answers 
only for small fruit. 



Preserves, Jellies, Etc. 1G7 

How to Sterilize Jars. 

Wash and fill with cold water, set in a kettle on a trivet, 
surround with cold water and gradually bring to the boil- 
ing point; empty and fill while hot. Put tope in boiling 
water five minutes and dip rubbers in before putting on 
jars. Always use new rubbers and perfect fitting tops. 

To Can Peaches, Pears, etc. 

Pare and halve; stew in water until tender, take out 
with perforated ddm.mer, pack in sterilized jars and fill 
with hot syrup, allowing a cup of sugar to each jar. 'Seal 
at once. 

To Can Sweet Potatoes. 

Boil sweet potatoes, peel and slice; pack them in tin 
cans and ifill to the brim with a rich boiling syrup. Wipe 
around edges and seal carefully. 

To Can Tomatoes WJiole. 

Scald, peel, cut out stem end, and pack in cans; pour 
boiling water over them until full; then seal and stand 
in a boiler of boiling water until cold. 

To Sulphurize Peaches, Pears, and Apples. 

Peel, core and quarter pears and apples ; halve peaches. 
Put two gallons of fruit in a thin i?ack or splint basket; 
have at hand a tight flour or sugar ban-el, with bottom 
in it ; place on the bottom a skillet with live coals of fire 
in it, put a stick across top of barrel and suspend fruit 



168 Preserves, J elite. Etc. 

from this ; put a tablespoon of sulphur on coals and quick-- 
ly cover with a close cover which must be at hand. Let 
fruit remain in barrel 30 minutes, then put in a stone jai' 
and cover with a thin cloth. When wanted for use, take 
out, wash, and bake, or use as fresh fruit. 

To Can Corn. 

Take eight pints of €orn and three pints of water and 
boil twenty minutes; add three-fourths pint of salt and 
boil ten minutes longer; put in glass jars and seal. — Mary 
Paxton. 

Canned Beans. 

Five quarts string beans, two quarts water, one-half cup 
sugar, one pint apple vinegar. 'Let water, vinegar and 
sugar boil, then add beans and boil 30 minutes. Place 
in sterilized jars and seal; put in a cool, dark place. — Mrs. 
^IcCarter. 

To Keep Com. 

To each gallon of corn, allow one pint of salt and one 
pint of sugar. Mix well together and pack closely in a 
stone jar; put plate over corn and press down closely, 
keep in cool place. — Mrs. Buster. 

Canned Sweet Peppers. 

Use one peck of ripe sweet peppers. Cut a thin slice 
from the stem end of eacli and remove seed. Cut around 
and around peppers with a pair of scissors, making strips 



Preserves, Jellies, Etc. 169 

as long at5 possible and about one-eighth of an inch wide. 
Cover these strips of pepper with boiling water and drain ; 
then put into ice water, using a quantity of ice. Drain 
and pack solidly in pint fruit jars. Boil to a syrup one 
quart of vinegar and two cups of sugar, fill jars with 
syrap, put on covers, seal and keep in a cool dark, closet. 
This fills four jars. Peppers prepared in this manner 
make a beautiful garnish for salad, fish, meats, etc.— - 
Mrs. J. E. McMichael. 



PICKLES AND CATSUP. 

((5* c^ ^5* C(5* 

Cucumber Fickle. 

Select small cucumbers, not over four inches in 
length; cover them with boiling water and let stand ten 
minutes ; wipe dr}^, place in self-sealers, add a small piece 
of horse radish, a few pods of pepper and a pinch of salt ; 
heat vinegar until hot, but not boiling, and cover pickles. 
Seal while hot. — Mrs. Addie Springate. 

Sweet Cucumber PicMe. 

Gather small cucumbers, two to four inches long; soak 
day and night in brine ; wipe dry and put in kettle with 
vinegar, adding one cup of sugar to one quart of vinegar, 
eight whole cloves, eight black peppers, six allspice and six 
blades of mace. Heat slowly to boiling point, pack at 
once and seal. — Mrs. McCarter. 

Cucumber FicMe. 

Pour boiling water over cucumbers for three moi;n- 
ings ; let stand a day and night each time. To each gal- 
lon of vinegar, add one teacup of salt, one teacup of su- 
gar, one heaping tablespoon of pulverized alum and five 
cents worth of mixed spices. Boil all together, pack cu- 
cumbers in jars, allowing one red pepper and one onion 

170 



Pickles and Catsup. I'M 

to each jar; pour hot vinegar over all and seal. — ^Mary 
Paxton. 

Yellow Cucumber Pichle. 

One-half gallon yellow cucumbers, three pounds brown 
sugar, one heaping tablespoon ground mustard, one tea- 
spoon cloves, one heaping tablespoon tumeric, four sticks 
cinnamon, one teaspoon spice, three pints apple vinegar. 
Gather cucumbere as soon as they turn yellow, peel, re- 
move seed, and scrape out soft part ; slice lengthwise, cut- 
ting each slice in pieces two inches long. Sprinkle with 
salt and let stand twelve hours, then drain in bag twelve 
hours. Measure cucumbers, add vinegar and seasoning 
and boil five minutes, then put in glass jars and seal. — 
Mrs. Paxton. 

Green Tomato Pickle. 

One gallon sliced green tomatoes, one-half pint grated 
hore radish, four pods green pepper chopped fine, one 
tablespoon cloves, one tablespoon black pepper, one pound 
brown sugar, one tablespoon mace, one tablespoon sweet 
oil. Salt tomatoes and let lie over night; next morning 
mix together spices; have ready a large mouthed stone 
jar, and put into it a layer of seasoning, then a layer of 
tomatoes and so on until all is used or until jar is filled 
within two inches of top; put sugar on top, then sweet 
oil and then ifill up with cold vinegar. — Mrs. Cassell. • 

Sweet Green Tomato Pickle. 

Slice one peck of green tomatoes and six large onions ; 
sprinkle through them one teacup of salt and let stand 



172 Pickles and Catsup. 

over night; drain off next morning. Boil tomatoes and 
onions five minutes in two quarts of water and one quart 
of vinegar. Drain well through a colander, then add 
four quarts vinegar, one-fourth pound ground mustard, 
two tablespoons ginger, two tablespoons cloves, two table- 
spoons cinnamon, two pounds brown sugar, one-half tea- 
cup cayenne pepper or five or six green peppers chopped. 
Boil all together fifteen minutes, put in jars and seal. — 
Mrs. A. C. Witherspoon. 

Spanish Pickle. 

Three dozen cucumbers, two heads cabbage, one-half 
dozen onions, eight green peppers. Cut in coarse pieces, 
eprinkle with salt and let stand eight hours. Squeeze out, 
pour in kettle with three-fourth ounce turmeric, one ounce 
white mustard seed, one ounce celery seed, one-fourth 
pound mustard, one-fourth pound white sugar. Cover 
with etrong vinegar and boil until it thickens. — Mrs. 

Ripy. 

Spanish Pickle. 

One gallon cucumbers, six or eight small onions, two 
pods pepper, eight pods of okra, one-half teacup salt. If 
cucumbers are large, split, remove seed and cut in 
chunks; if very small, do not cut; €ut onion (unless very 
small), okra, and pepper in pieces like cucumbers, sprinkle 
salt over them and let stand 24 hours. Drain in cloth, 
then scald with vinegar and water (using equal parts of 
each) in which has been dissolved alum size of pea; re- 
move and pour over pickle one-half gallon of hot vinegar 



Pickles and Cati$up. 173 

seasoned with two tablespoons turmeric, three tablespoonts 
ground cinnamon, three tablespoons celery seed, one tea- 
cup white mustard seed, brown sugar according to taste. 
Heat thoroughly, and, when cold, adid horse radish root 
cut up in dice, according to judgment. — Mrs. W. C. 
Woods. 

Cream Cliow-Chow. 

One quart large cucumbers sliced, one quart email 
white onions, one head cauliflower cut up, four large green 
peppers (remove seed and slice) one quart small cucum- 
bers, one quart green tomatoes sliced, one teacup flour, 
one tablespoon turmeric, two quarts good vinegar, four 
tablespoons mustard, four heaping teacups brown sugar, 
celery seed, cloves, bay leaves to taste. Make a brine of 
one cup of salt to one gallon of water, pour over cucum- 
bers, onions, etc., and let stand 24 hours, then drain well. 
Make a paste of flour and turmeric, stir in hot vinegar, 
add sugar and let come to a boil, put in all ingredients 
and let boil again, then seal. — Lexington. 

Bipe Pepper Catsup. 

Three dozen ripe sweet peppers, one dozen apples, four 
hot red peppers, one dozen large yellow cucumbers, one 
dozen onions. Remove t?eed from peppers and cores from 
apples; peel and seed cucumbers and skin onions. Grind 
all on meat grinder, mix in salt to taste, let stand 24 
hours, then drip twelve hours. Put one-half gallon strong 
vinegar on stove and add one-half pint white mustard 
seed, two heaping tablespoons ground mace, two heaping 



174 PicTcles and Catsup. 

tablespoons celery seed, three pints brown sugar. Boil 
together until seed are very tender, then pour over the 
■catsup; put on stove and stir constantly until scalding 
hot, seal while hot.i — Mrs. H. B. Carpenter . 

Oil Pickle. 

One hundred cucumbers sliced, one quart small onions 
sliced. Let stand six hours in salt water, drain and add 
one pint olive oil, two tablespoons mustard seed, two table- 
spoons black pepper, sugar according to taste. Cover with 
vinegar, let come to a boil and seal. — ^Louisville. 

Sweet Relish. 

One peck green tomatoes, one-half peck ripe tomatoes, 
one cup horse radish, three green peppers, five pounds 
brown sugar, three ripe peppers, three pints good vinegar, 
spices to taste. Cook almost an hour. — Mrs. D. B. 
Cheatham. 

Bipe Tomato Csdsup. 

Twenty-four ripe tomatoes, six onions, six green pep- 
pers, one head of cabbage. Cut up, cook four hours, and 
strain through colander. Add one pint brown sugar, one 
pint vinegar and ^ve cents worth of mixed spices ; boil 
until thick and seal. 

Bipe Tomato Catsup. 

Eight quarts tomatoes cut -fine, one cup chopped green 
peppers, one-third cup salt, two cups chopped onions, 
three teaspoons ground cloves, three teaspoons ground cin- 



Pickles and Catsup. 175 

namon, three cups sugar, three teaspoons ground ginger, 
two teaspoons grated nutmeg, one and one-half quarts 
cider vinegar. Cook all together until thoroughly done, 
strain through a sieve and boil again until thick enough. 
If liked mild, reduce the quantity of pepper one-half. — 
Mre. Fred Terhune. 

Grape Catsup. 

Cook grapes until tender, strain through a eieve and 
use the following proportions: five pounds pulp, three 
pounds sugar, one-half teaspoon cinnamon, one-half tea- 
spoon allspice, one-half teaspoon pepper, one-half table- 
spoon salt, one-half teaspoon cloves, one pint of vinegar to 
one gallon of pulp. Boil and seal while hot. — Mrs. A. C. 
Witherspoon. 

Eipe Tomato Relish (Uncoolced.) 

One peck ripe tomatoes, eight sweet green peppers, 
eight medium size onions, two- thirds pint of salt. Cut aU 
fine, sprinkle with salt, place in sack and drain all night. 
Next morning, add two pints vinegar, two tablespoons 
celery seed, two tablespoons white mustard seed, one pint 
brown sugar. Mix all and seal.— Mre. John Buster. 

Beet Belish, 

One pint cooked beets, one pint raw cabbage. Chop 
fine and add one cup of sugar, one cup of horse radish 
and salt to taste; cover with cold vinegar and seal in air- 
tight jars. — Mrs. Louis Sherwood. 



176 ricMes and Catsup. 

Pickled Beets. 

Twelve medium size beets, one quart vinegar, two 
tablespoons grated hor«?e radish, one teaspoon ginger, one 
teaspoon mace. Boil beets, remove skins and pack in jars ; 
heat vinegar and spices, strain and add horse radish ; heat 
again to boiling point, pour over beets and seal at once. — 
Mrs. M^jMichael. 

Chicago Hot. {Uncooked.) 

One peck tomatoes (cut in small pieces and drain in 
cloth), two cups chopped onion, two cupe chopped celery, 
two cups sugar, one-half cup salt, one cup grated horse 
radish, one cup white mustard seed, two cups hot red pep- 
per, six cups vinegar, two tablespoons of cinnamon, 
oloves, allspice mixed. Mix well, put in stone jar. — ^Mrs. 
E. W. Ripy. 

Watermelon Sweet Pickle. 

Peel the thick rind of watermelon and cut into any 
shape desired. Soak it in weak salt water 24 hours, and 
then in fresh water for the same length of time; then 
boil in clear water until it can be pierced with a straw, 
and let lie in cold water while syrup is being prepared. 
To one gallon of rind, allow one-half gallon strong vine- 
gar, six pints white sugar, five cents worth each of cloves, 
cinnamon bark, mace and white mustard seed. Boil vine- 
gar, sugar and spices together for an hour, then add rind 
and boil until there is just enough syrup to cover it. Seal 
while hot. — Mrs. McMurry. 



Pickles ami Catsup. I'J"?' 

Peach Sweet Pickle. 

Make a syrup of four and one-half pounds brown su- 
gar, one quart vinegar and two ounces of stick cinnamon. 
Select clingstone peaches of uniform size ; peel and stick 
each peach with four cloves and drop a few at a time into 
boiling syrup. Cook until tender when pricked with a 
fork. Add more peaches until all have been used, which 
will be about nine pounds. Boil syrup down until just 
enough to cover peachee. Seal while hot. 

Sweet Mangoe Pickle. 

Leave mangoes in water for nine or ten days, then 
soak for 24 hours in clear water. Scald them in vinegar 
and water four days, placing vine leaves between each 
layer. Peel them and remove seed; then take two pounds 
sugar, one-half gallon vinegar, one-half gallon water and 
ecald them in this for three days with vine leaves be- 
tween- Take a few of the melons, cut in small pieces and 
fill the rest of the melons with them, adding white mus- 
tard seed (previously scalded), cinnamon bark and mace. 
Make a syrup, allowing four pounds of sugar to two dozen 
melons; boil as many mangoes at a time as the syrup will 
cover, about one-half hour, then lay them on a dish to 
cool. When all have been boiled, prepare a syrup of three 
pounds of sugar to one gallon of vinegar; boil well togeth- 
er and pour over mangoes. .Put in jar and cover with a 
thick cloth. — ^Louisville. 



CONFECTIONERY. 

^^ ^5* ^* ^^ 

Egg Kisses or Meringues. 

Whites of four eggs, one and one-half cups sugar, one 
tablespoon vanilla. Beat whites until stiff and dry, beat 
into them gradually one cup of sugar, add flavoring, then 
fold in one-half cup of sugar. Cook in slow oven about 
an hour. — Mrs. Henryetta Griffey. 

Egg kisses may be varied by the addition of shredded 
cocoanut or finely 'Chopped nut meate. 

Egg Kisses. 

Beat the whites of seven eggs to a stiff froth (not too 
etiff.) Sift in one and three- fourth cups of granulated su- 
gar, putting in a heaping tablespoon at a time and beating 
the eggs several minutes beitween each spoonful, until all 
is mixed. Then throw in two heaping tablespoonfuls and 
beat just enough to mix well. Then line pans with paper, 
ungreased, and drop one large spoonful in a place, taking 
care not to let them touch. Put in stove hot enough to 
dry out, but brown very lightly. Flavor with vanilla. — 
Miss. Eachel Lillard. 

Cherry Foams. 

Two cups white sugar, one-half cup water, whites of 
two eggs. Cook sugar and water until syrup threads, then 

178 



Confectionery. 179 

pour over wellbeaten whites; flavor with vanilla and add 
chopped raisins, nuts, and Maraschino cherries. Beat until 
creamy and drop from spoon or put in pan and cut in 
squares. — Mary Paxton. 

Butter Scotch. 

One pound granulated sugar, two tablespoons soft but- 
ter, one small teacup water, a pinch of cream of tartar. 
Dissolve sugar in water; when beginning to boil, add 
cream tartar and boil until a dark straw color. Take 
from fire and add butter, cook a few minutes longer, then 
pour thinly on oiled paper or buttered marble and mark 
in squares with a knife. — Mrs. Mikalson. 

PrauUnes. 

Two cups powdered sugar , one cup maple syrup, 
three-fourth cup cream, one pint pecans or hickory nuts. 
Boil sugar, syrup, and cream together until candy forms a 
soft ball when tried in ice water. Remove at once from 
fire and beat until creamy; add nuts, cut up, and drop 
in small blobs on buttered paper or marble. — Mrs. W. H. 
Morgan. 



O'' 



Chocolate Fudge. 

Three squares bitter chocolate, two cups brown sugar, 
one cup grated cocoanut, one and one-half cups cream, 
two cups white sugar, one tablespoon butter. Melt cho- 
colate in saucepan, add sugar mixing well; then add 
cream, butter, and a pinch of salt. Place on fire and 
stir until sugar dissolves; boil until candy forms a soft 



180 Confectionery. 

ball in ice water. Cool, flavor with vanilla, and beat into 
it the cocoanut; beat until ready to cream, pour into but- 
tered tins and mark in squares. Chopped nuts may be 
used instead of cocoanut. — ^Martha Bell. 

Caramel Fudge. 

Two and one-half cups granulated sugar, one and one- 
half cupe cream or milk, one-half cup corn 
syrup, two tablespoons butter. Melt and brown 
one-half cup sugar, then add hot milk, stir until 
dissolved, then add rest of sugar, melted butter, corn 
syrup, and cook until it makes a firm ball ; flavor with 
vanilla; add chopped nuts, raisins, and cocoanut; beat 
until creamy, pour out in buttered pans and cut in 
squares. — -Mary Paxton. 

Marshmaliow Fudge. 

Two squares bitter chocolate, one cup milk or cream, 
one teaspoon butter, two cups granulated sugar, a pinch 
of salt, one-half pound of marshmallows. Melt chocolate, 
add sugar, milk and butter and boil until it forms a soft 
ball in cold water. Just after taking from fire, stir in 
marshmallows, and beat until candy begins to stiffen, then 
pour in buttered tins, cut in squares. — M. B. 

Peanut Brittle. 

Melt one pound of sugar over slow fire and brown 
slightly, then stir in as many shelled peanuts as it will 
take. Pour quickly on buttered marble in a thin sheet, 
when cold, break in pieces. — Mrs. Mikalson. 



Confectionery. 181 

Cocoanut Fudge. 

One and one-half cups white sugar, one-half cup milk, 
two teaspoons butter, one-third cup cocoanut. Melt butter, 
add sugar and milk, boil twelve minutes, put in cocoanut 
and beat until thick; pour into buttered pans and cut in 
squares. — Mrs. J. M. Johnson. 

Hickorynut Candy. 

Two and one-half cups brown sugar, one-half cup 
cream or milk, one-half cup chopped hickory nuts, a small 
lump butter. Cook until it forms a soft ball in ice water ; 
take from fire, add nuts and beat until creamy. Pour 
on buttered marble and cut in s'quares. — ^Mrs. J. M. 
Poeey. 

Chocolate Caramels. 

One cup sugar, one cup molasses, one cup cream, one 
tablespoon butter, three ounces bitter chocolate, a pinch 
of salt. Put on fire in saucepan and stir until mixture 
boils, and frequently while boiling. Try in ice water and 
when it cracks against the cup, it is done. Flavor with 
vanilla and pour into buttered tins about three-fourths of 
an inch deep. When nearly cool mark in squares and 
put in a cold place to harden.! — Martha Bell. 

Caramels. 

Four cups white sugar, one-:half cup hot milk, one cup 
corn syrup, one cup butter, flavor with vanilla. Melt and 
brown one eup of sugar, then add hot milk, and when dis- 



182 Confectionery. 

solved, the remainder of sugar, corn syrup and butter. 
Stir slowly while cooking, and when it forms a hard ball 
when dropped in cold water, pour into buttered tins and 
cut in squares. If desired, add a small square of grated 
chocolate to half of candy and flavor with vanilla and 
you will have two kinds of caramels from one cooking. 
^Mary Paxton. 

Cream Candy. 

Three pints white eugar, one and three-fourth cups wa- 
ter, one tablespoon butter, one cup cream (not milk). 
Mix sugar, water, and butter together, put on fire and 
stir until dissolved ; let them Just come to a boil and add 
cream. Do not etir; boil until a little dropped m ice wa- 
ter cracks against the cup, then pour on buttered marble. 
When cool, pull well and cut in pieces with scissors. 
This may be divided and flavored and colored differently 
while pulling; chopped nuts may be pulled into some 
and melted chocolate into another portion. — Martha Bell. 

Chocolate Fondant. 

Three cups granulated sugar, one cup milk, one-third 
cake Baker's chocolate, butter size of an Qgg. Mix sugar, 
milk, and chocolate, adding butter just before removing 
from stove. Do not stir, except enough to keep from 
sticking; try by beating half a teaspoonful in a saucer; 
when this creams and may be rolled in a ball, it is done. 
Cool, beat until it creams, then work with hands like 
dough. Make into long rolls and slice. Nuts may be 
worked in, if desired. — Miss Marshall. 



Confectionery. 183 

Pulled Candy. 

One pound white sugar, three tablespoons vinegar, ont 
teaspoon cream tartar. Add sufficient water to moisteb 
sugar; boil until it cracks against a cup when tried in 
cold water. Pour on buttered plates, and when cold, pull 
until white and cut in squares. — Anne B. Lillard. 

Granulated or Brown Sugar Candy. 

Three pints sugar, one pint boiling water, one table- 
spoon butter, two heaping teaspoons baking powder, pinch 
of salt, flavor to taste. Cook until it will crack against a 
cup, pour out on buttered marble, pull well, and cut in 
pieces. — 'Mrs. Henryetta Griffey. 

Chocolate Pulled Candy. 

Three cups brown sugar, one-half cup corn syrup, one 
cup water, one teaspoon butter, pinch of alum, one-fourth 
square bitter chocolate, flavor with vanilla. Stir until dis- 
solved, then cook without stirring until it cracks against 
a cup. Pour into a buttered dish and when cold, pull 
until light and porous. — Mary Paxton. 

Divinity. 

Four cups sugar, one cup of any good corn syrup, one- 
half cup hot water, whites of four eggs, two cups shelled 
pecans, flavor with vanilla. Cook sugar, water, and corn 
syrup until real hard candy ; pour while boiling hot over 
the whites of eggs beaten stiff; beat for a few minutes, 



184 Confectionery. 

add nuts and flavoring, then beat until very stiff and drop 
on buttered marble. — Mrs. F.E. Feland. 

Ribbon Candy. — Part I. 

Two cups white sugar, three-fourths cup milk, one tea- 
spoon butter. Put in pan on stove, stir until sugar is 
dissolved, then allow to boil until it forms a soft ball in 
cold water; pour out on marble, cool slightly and work 
with a wooden spoon until creamy, add two-thirds cup 
of seeded raisins, cut up, and a few drops of lemon juice ; 
keep soft by working with hands and press into a buttered 
tin. 

Part 11. 

Two cups brown sugar, one-half cup cream, one table- 
spoon butter, two squares bitter chocolate, one-half tea- 
spoon vanilla. Melt chocolate, add other ingredients and 
boil urtil it forms a soft ball in cold water; remove from 
fire, cool, flavor, and beat until creamy, then pour over 
Part I. 

Part III. 

Use same amount of sugar, butter, and milk as in Part 
I. Cook and work in like manner, color a delicate green 
with leaf green paste, flavor with one-half teaspoon of 
vanilla and a few drops of almond; add one-half cup 
blanched almonds, cut up, and press evenly in pan over 
Part II- Let stand several hours, turn out and cut in 
strips one-half inch wide and the strips in pieces. — 
Martha Bell. 



Confectionery. 185 

Seafoam Candy. 

One cup white sugar, one cup light brown sugar, white 
of one egg. Add a little water to sugar to start it to 
cooking; when cooked enough to make a soft ball, pour 
it over the well beaten white, add nuts as desired, beat 
until it begins to stiffen, theni drop with spoon on buttered 
plate.t — ^Mrs. Griffey. 

Cracker JacTc. 

Two cups brown sugar, one-half cup water, one- fourth 
cup sorghum molasses, one-fourth cup corn syrup, pinch 
soda, pinch alum, one tablespoon butter. Cook until it 
haire from spoon about twelve inches ; then pour over two 
boxes of puffed rice or the same amount of popped corn. 
Stir well and pour on slab and roll out; break in pieces. 
— Mary Paxton. 

Candy Pudding. 

Five pints white sugar, one and one-half pints water, 
pinch of soda, one teaspoon butter, pinch salt, one table- 
spoon vinegar, one pint nuts, one-half pint blanched al- 
monds, one cocoanut grated, five cents worth of candied 
cherries. Cook all ingredients (except fruit and nuts), 
until eyrup strings ; try in water, if it will pull, it is done. 
Pour out on marble slab. When cool, work till it creams. 
When ready to cream, work in nuts, etc., then put in 
mold.— Mrs. E. W. Eipy. 

Candy Pudding. 

Two pints white sugar, one pint light brown sugar, 
one-half pound mixed nuts, one pound dates seeded, one 



186 Confectionery. 

grated cocoanut or 25 cent package. Dissolve sugar in 
one-fourth pint of water and cook until it spins a thread. 
Butter a marble slab, mix nuts, cocoanut, and dates on 
slab and pour the candy over it, stirring all the time. 
When cool enough, work with the hands like you would 
dough. Pack into a buttered mold and let set until firm. 
— Mrs. H. B. Carpenter. 

Fondant. 

The basis of French candy is called fondant. Use two 
cups granulated sugar, one cup water, one scant saltspoon 
of cream tartar; mix and let stand one-half hour. Put 
on back of ^tove and stir until sugar is thoroughly dis- 
solved ; move to front of stove, wipe all crystals from sides 
of pan with a damp sponge, cover for five minutes and let 
boil hard. Do not stir or jar the pan while cooking as 
this will cause it to grain. Drop a little into ice water; if 
it can be gathered up into a ball and retain ite shape, it 
has reached the soft ball stage, and is done. Pour out on 
wetted marble or into broad granite pans dampened with 
water. When cool (not cold), begin to work it with a 
wooden paddle until it is a crumbly mass; cover with a 
dampened wooden pail or damp cloth which will cause it 
to sweat and become mellow. After an hour, remove cov- 
er and work with hands like dough. Pack in stone jar 
and cover with damp cloth ; it will keep for weeks in a 
cool, dry place. When ready to use, flavor, color, add 
nuts, raisins, etc., and make into shapes. Let stand sev- 
eral hours, dip in some of the melted fondant and lay on 
waxed paper to dry. — Mrs. Morgan. 



Confectionenj. 187 ! 

French Candy Withouti Cooking. \ 

Use equal parts of thick sweet cream or water and ] 

unbeaten white of egg ; stir in enough XXXX Confection- j 

er's sugar to make stiff enough to mold. Flavor, color, ; 

etc., to suit taste. i 



Miscellaneous Receipts. 

^^ ^^ ^* ^^ 

Carpet Cleaning Receipt. 

Four ounces alum, four ounces eal- soda, four ounces 
borax, two bars German soap. Put alum, borax, and sal. 
soda in two gallons of rain water, cut up soap in it and 
boil until all is dissolved; then add two gallons more of 
rain water. Scrub a small place in carpet as you would 
a hard floor and wipe with a dry cloth and so on until 
carpet is all clean. 

Oil Paint and Varnish Cleaner. 

Dissolve one-fourth pound sal-soda and two ounces car- 
bonate ammonia in one gallon of hot water. Let dissolve 
thoroughly before using. Apply with a soft sponge and 
rinse well with clear water. Dilute if solution is too 
strong. — Missouri. 

Cold Water Lye Soap. 

Two quarts rain water, one can concentrated lye, three 
quarts grease. Empty lye in water and stir until dissol- 
ved ; melt and strain grease and pour gradually into lye, 
stirring until it thickens; set aside to harden. — Mrs. 
Major.. 

188 



Misceilaneous Receipts. 189 

Furniture and Floor Polish. 

Take one-third turpentine and two-thirds sweet oil and 
mix thoroughly. Apply with flannel or soft cheese cloth 
and then rub with a dry cloth. — Miss Rachel Lillard. 

Silver Polish. 

Two-thirds is composed of one part ammonia and five 
parts water ; the remaining one-third is composed of equal 
parts of Spanish whiting and Rouge. — iLouisville. 

Furniture Polish. 

Equal parts of linseed oil, turpentine, and vinegar mix- 
ed well together. Apply with flannel rag and rub dry 
with another. Shake before using. 

To Corn Beef, 

Make a brine that will float an egg of three gal. of water, 
boil and add one quart of molasses and not quite one- 
half teaspoon of salt petre and one pound brown sugar; 
immerse the meat in this liquid while it is hot and take 
out immediately. When the pickle gets cold, put in meat 
and leave it. You can add spices to liquid, if liked. Let 
meat remain in six weeks, then hang up and smoke or 
let it remain in pickle. — ^Mrs. Sallie McQuiddy. 

To Dry Beef. 

Select tender pieces of lean beef, and remove all bone 
and trim smoothly. For each twenty pounds of beef, take 
one pint of salt, one teaspoon of salt petre, and one-fourth 



190 Miscellaneous Iieceipts. 

pound of brown sugar. Mix well together, divide into 
three parts and rub into beef well for three successive 
days, using one part each day. Eub extra salt into hole 
when you hang it up. Keep in wooden or stone vessel 
four or five days, turning it every day in the liquor it 
makes; then hang up in a dry place to drip over night. 
Before flies come, sprinkle with red pepper or borax and 
put in paper sacks. — Mrs. Caseell. 

To Preserve Eggs. 

Dissolve one-half pint lime and one pint salt in three 
gallons of water. Put in stone jar and drop eggs gently 
in. — ^Mrs. Carpenter. 



Hints and Helps. 

^* ^^^ 5(5* <^^ 

Put all starchy foods to cook in salted boiling water. 

Wash lettuce, when wilted, in cold water, put on plate, 
cover with crock or pan over night and it will be found 
tender and crisp next morning. 

Try as a flavoring, lemon and vanilla mixed. 

Milk, which has changed, may be sweetened or rendered 
fit for use again by stirring in a little soda. 

Eub lumps of sugar on the yellow rind of lemons or 
oranges and melt sugar in article to be flavored. They 
are nice to flavor tea. 

Citric acid is a very good substitute for lemon juice 
in sherberts, especially where other fruit juices are used. 

To butter crumbs, pour one-third cup of melted butter 
over one cup of bread crumbs and stir lightly with fork. 

To scald milk, set pan containing it in another vessel 
of boiling water and heat until beads form around edges 
of pan. 

To mince parsley, gather up into a compact mass and 
cut fine with scissors. 

To blanch almonds, pour boiling water over them, let 
stand until skins loosen, throw into cold water and rub 
skins off between fingers. 

Oysters added to the baked macaroni and cheese makes 
this dish more appetizing. 

191 



192 Hints and Helps. 

A raw potato sliced and added to soup which is too 
salty will absorb much of the salt and render it palatable. 

If you want a spoonful of onion juice, cut the onion in 
two and press it in a lemon squeezer kept for that pur- 
pose. 

A pinch of borax stirred into a quart of milk will keep 
it sweet. 

Lemons, that have become hardened from long stand- 
ing can be restored by covering them with boiling water 
for a few minutes. 

Save up all bits of bread left from sandwiches, etc., 
dry in oven and grind into crumbs for frying. Keep in 
glass jar. 

Wash mutton in soda water to remove strong taste. 

Plunge peaches into boiling water a few minutee to 
make the skins come off easily, then throw into cold water. 

Have lard or butter and water very cold when making 
pastry. 

Salt and lemon juice will remove iron rust, ink, and 
mildew from white goods. 

'Salt and vinegar will remove stain from teacups. 

Stand a spoon in glasses when pouring hot jelly and 
the glass will not break. 

The tope of baking powder cans are excellent for scrap- 
ing pots and kettles. 

If jelly bags are wet with water before using, the fruit 
juice will strain through much better and with less loss. 

Contents of tin cans must always be emptied as soon as 
opened; let stand two or three hours before using that 
they may have time to become reoxygenated. 



Hints and Helps. 193 

When (Chopping candied peel, rub a little butter on each 
side of the blade. It will chop easier and not stick. 

A basin of cold water in the oven will soon lower the 
temperature. 

Add a large spoonful of vinegar to water in which tough 
meat or poultry is cooked. 

Put slices of breakfast bacon or ham on a racK or broil- 
er and set in oven letting the grease drop into a pan 
placed underneath. 

Add a teaspoon of glycerine to the icing that will not 
harden. 



JUN 11 1913