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Full text of "Leading business men of Lewiston, Augusta and vicinity, embracing, also, Auburn, Gardiner, Waterville, Oakland, Dexter, Fairfield, Skowhegan, Hallowell, Richmond, Bath, Brunswick, Freeport, Canton, Buckfield, Mechanic Falls, South Paris, Norway, Farmington and Winthrop, with an historical sketch of each place, illustrated"

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Loan and Trust Co. 

CAPITAL, - - $100,000.00. 

Paid into the Treasury in Cash. 

Eastern Office, 131 Devonshire St., Boston, Mass. 

Western Office, KANSAS CITY. 

Offers to Savings Banks, Insurance Companies, Investors of Trust Funds 
and Private Investors. 



And their 

These Bonds are SEC Oi^ED by pii^ST moRTGHGE loans to the amount of 105 
per cent, of all Bonds issued, deposited with the 

Boston Safe Deposit and Trust Company, Trustee. 

And each bond bears the Certification of the Trust Co., to that effect. The Pt^lNCiPflii 

and iflTEt^EST of all securities sold by us are paid at our BOSTOfl oppiCE. 

We GUAt^RfiTEE every loan that we sell, and offer nothing but 



c. A. pRt^i^s, m. m. mAsoH, 

President and Western Manager. Treasurer and Eastern Manager. 




9^ 1-'^ Exchange aiid lO^ Mai-Uct MtreciN, 




History of Xorway, Maink, royal octavo, 07(5 pp., 

111., (sheep, $5 00). clotli $4.00- 

History of the 16th Maine Regiment, by M;ij. A. 

R. Small, 3U0 pp.. Ill L.oO 

History of Parsonsfield, 516 pp., 100 HI., clotli, . . 8. .50 

WiLiiEY's Anti-Slavery History, r2mo, 514 pp., 111., . 2.01) 

Portland City Directory, Annual 2.'>0 

Crawford's White Mountains, 228 pp., 111., .... ]..50 

Thurston Genealogies. 600 pp., by mail, 5.l^5 

Greene's Questions in Surgery, ].0o 

York Deeds, 6 vols., over 600 pp. each, per vol ,5.00 

York Wills, 1 vol., 965 pp 5,00- 

The Stanley Family, 352 pp.. III., ,s oo 

The Marston Genealogy, 604 pp., Ill , cloth 4.00 

A Tale of Home and War, 200 pp., 1.2.5. 

Agent-S Wauted for "Baptist Hymn Writeis and their 

Large com/H(.s.s<oa to sjood agents. 
We also have an extensive 


Where .\11 kinds of Printing is done quickly, cheaply and welL 

Millions Invested Without Loss. 

Kansas Investment Company 



Cash Capital and Surplus, $ 600,000 

Guarantee, 1,100,000 

PIhI? r^lnWnr Kansas Mortgages. Principal and Interest 
7 iJl^iV V/Cnl. Guaranteed and Payable in Gold. 

6DnD PC\TT Gold Debendure Bonds. Interest Payable 
rbtC tCiN L. Quarterly. 

These Bonds are Secured by First Mortgages, and are 

i^bsoliitely Safe. 


Before investing elsewhere, investigate these Securities and see a 
large list of Banks, Trustees and Individual Trustees. Send for our 
new pamphlet, just out. 

J3ostorL Offi.ce, 101 Ue-v-oizslzzre St., CoTTxer of 'Wetter. 

H. E. Ball, Pres. '(^ Topeka, Geo. C. Morrell, Vice-Pres. ) Boston 

B. R. Wheeler, Sec. \ Kan. P. T. Bartlett, Asst. Sec. f Mass. 

Agent in DardinEr, Maine : 


President of the 

Office :— Gardiner National Bank. 


Business Men 









258 Purchase Stkket. 

. ^ lA- 


" I am wonderfully delighted to see a body of men thriving in their own fortunes, and at the 
same time promoting the public stock, or, in other words, raising estates for their own families, 
by bringing into the country whatever is wanting, and carrying out of it whatever is superflu- 
ous. Nature seems to have taken particular care to disseminate her blessings among the 
diffei-ent regions of the world, with an eye to their mutual intercourse and traffic among man- 
kind, that the nations of the several parts of the globe might have a kind of dependence upon 
one another, and be united together by their common interests." — Addison. 

In offering this book to the public the aim of tlie publishers has been to present 
in a concise manner the principal events in the history of this section of the State, 
and a brief review of its leading business interests. 

In the following pages will be found descriptions of the immense manufacturing 
establishments, to whose influence Maine owes much of its fame as a manufacturing 
centre. We doubt if there is a section of New England, with the same population, 
whose manufactures are so celebrated the world over, as are those of Maine. The 
financial institutions and wholesale and retail houses described in this volume are also 
leaders in their particular lines, and their push and enterprise is rapidly extending the 
influence of this section of the State as a great trade center. 

In conclusion, we beg to extend our hearty thanks for the liberal patronage this 
work has received. Our advance orders liave necessitated the printing of twelve 
thousand copies to supply the demand . 


M:ERCA.:?<r'X'iLHi pxjblishin-gs- CO. 


Introduction to Business Notices. 

In the following pages \ill he found brief notices of the 'principal 
Business firms of the section under review. While the majority are old, 
established houses and leader in every sense of the word, we have men- 
tioned others who, though reo^tly established, are, through their enterprise 
and ability, deserving of noiid Abundant evidences of energy and talent 
have been met ivith in everddepartment of commercial, professional and 
social life. We commend the\ firms as a whole, to the favorable atten- 
tion of all into whose hands Us volume may fall, believing that they well 

of this section of Maine. 


represent the business interests 





Emerson, Charles S 96 

Holt, Hiram Co., The 246 

Hobbs, M. C. &Co 256 

Royal, W. B. «& Co 282 


Belcher, S. Clifford 247 

Bearce & Stearus 287 

Bisbee, George D 320 

Chandler, David H 262 

Greenleaf, E. O 250 

Stilphen, A. C 147 

Stevens, Greenlief T 224 


Bixby & Buck 184 

Cashing, George 190 

Chandler & Estes 60 

Douglass & Cook 86 

Denuison, B. L 334 

Ellis, W. W 35 

Estes, Nelson D 43 

Fernald, J. M 52 

Mitchell, W. A 315 

Stacy, E. lyj 225 

Stevens, Byron 332 

Towusend, A. W 336 


Auburn Savings 81 

Augusta " 12& 

Bath " 349 

Brunswick Savings Institution 328 

First National, The (Augusta) 131 

First " (Bath) 345 

Franklin County Savings (Farmington) 244 

Granite National (Augusta) 137 

Gardiner " 162 

Gardiner Savings Institution 158 

Hallowell National 173 

Lincoln " (Bath) 346 

Manufacturers National (Lewiston) 65 

Merchants " (Gardiner) 167 

Marine " (Bath) 348 

May, Samuel E. & Co 58 

National Shoe & Leather (Auburn) 93 

Northern National (Hallowell) 174 

Oakland " (Gardiner) 169 

People's Savings (Lewiston) 72' 

People's Trust Co. (Farmington) 243 

People's Twenty-Five Cent Savings (Bath).. 351 

Pejepscott National (Brunswick) 329 

Sagadahoc " (Bath) 350 

Winthrop " 298 


Neal. Mrs.. 46 

Smith &Reid 117 




Cumrainffs, S. A f36 

Dickson, John 55 

Johnson & Percival 121 

Norris, F. B 46 

Otten, A 216 

Snow, F. D 330 


Bailey, L. M 315 

CaldwelKfe Libby 306 

Cobb, John F. & Co 80 

Cummings, C. B. & Sous 288 

Cushman, Ara Co 97 

Davis, H. E. & Co , 318 

Dennison, H. P 314 

Dingley, Foss & Co 85 

Jordan, M. V. B 317 

Morgan, \V. F. & Co 303 

Smith, Pray & Co 92 

Wi-e & Cooper 94 


Atwood, J. F 82 

Attwood, George B 83 

Atkins, Edwin H 176 

€lair, J. B 222 

Day, F. 1 47 

Hersey, F. L 124 

Hatch Brotliers 26 1 

Hatch, Davis, J r 346 

Kenney & Swett 293 

Kenney &, Piuramer 281 

Loud, Percy 207 

Lemont, M. M 350 

Morrell, C. O .52 

Stone. W. R 126 

Stephenson, A. L 151 

Soule, S. & Son 163 

Swain, A 227 

Smith, C. R 279 

Shaw, A. S. & Co 310 


Benson, H. A. & Co 225 

Bickneil, S. & Son 311 

Clark, Hiram ■. 122 

Flinn James T 222 

•Gilsou, P. H 160 

Litchfield, C. J. & Co 83 

Libby, J. B 150 

Nevens, C. T 81 

Packard, C. F. & Co 252 

Smith &, Gardiner 168 

Wade iSr. Dunton 60 

Wilshire, George II. & Co 215 

Warren, F. A. & Son 32 


Ballard, George S 124 

Darrab, J. G 213 

Lander, J. C 146 

Pierce, A. J 130 

Wood Daniel 62 


Bucknam. J. A. & Co 268 

Dunning, M. S 352 

Dillaway, S ;,. 354 

McGrillis, N. L....'. 197 


Kane & Stuber 161 

Lowell, D. W 55 

Lowell & Putnam 211 


Ayer & Greeley 226 

Briggs, C. H 84 

Currier, S 174 

Chancy, J. F 332 

Dorman, H. P. & Co 68 

Dow tfe Green 217 

Davis, S. (t 300 

Flood, G. S. & Co 213 

Hayden, J. F 353 

aagar, W. S 305 

Olys, William B 342 

Potter, A. H 160 

Robbius, L. C 44 

Smith. H. R. & Son 84 

Stone, E 124 

Spear & Whitmore 331 

Wood, J. N 71 


Bailey, Emery 58 

Bryant, Charles 135 

Bates, H. A 345 

Bigelow, F. B 87 

Damon, M. L 223 

Davis, J. W 231 

Hardy, B. M 260 

Leavitt, H. & Son 183 

Merrill, E. C 261 

Roberts, E.J 132 

Titcomb, A. C 138 

Woodbury, N. & Son 61 


Bangs Brothers 131 

Hathaway, C. L 295 

Johnson, James A 35 

Maxim, S. P. & Son ; . . . . 279 

Stevens, D. B 38 


Randall, William Mrs 262 

Wilder, K. F. Miss t 256 

Welch, M. N. Miss 265 




Anderson Samuel. . . .' 341 

Allen, C. \\ 329 

Abbott, Charles A 40 

Allen, G. M 59 

Auburn Drug and Chemical Co 85 

Alden, Burt L. & Co 94 

Barbour, H. W 54 

Bixby & Buck 184 

Bridgham, Levi 198 

Clark, K. VV 48 

Gushing, Horatio W 189 

Gushing, George 390 

Cotton, F. iM 237 

Dorr, George VV 206 

Fuller, W. H 185 

Field, J. M 224 

Oilman, F. H 226 

Ooulding, George VV 227 

Oerry, A. M 280 

Harden, C. H 152 

Houlehan, John C 154 

Hawes, J. Q. A 177 

Heath, Aklcu A 178 

Jackson, J. A 150 

Johnson, E. W .330 

Kimball, O. W. & Co 41 

Low, Ira H 217 

Mixer, J. M 128 

Marr, C. E 263 

Noyes, A. O. Mrs 288 

Norway Medicine Co 289 

Olfene, E. A 41 

Partridge, ('harles K 119 

Partridge, Frank R 121 

Patten, R. T 186 

Robinson, William A 84 

Reynolds, Nathan 311 

Rawson, J. A 322 

Springali & Co 196 

ShurtlefE, F. A 278 

Tarbox, S. 261 

Thomas, M. B .312 

Towiie, J. S 334 

Wakefield Brothers 43 

Warren, G. E 1.53 

Walker, J. C 271 

Wilson, F. H 332 


Atwood, C. B. & Sons 322 

Atkins, O. A 82 

Bartlett, F. & Sou 89 

Bussell & Weston 139 

Brown, George W 1.56 

Bucknam, J. A. & Co 268 

Bolster, N. Dayton 277 

Bowker, C. VV. & Co 283 

Boardman, S. J ^^^ 

Childs & Staples 311 

Chickering, J. F 317 

Darrah, VV. C 59 

Ehrenfried, George ^^ 

Files, Everett F 239 

Gallert, D 206 

Gore & Davis 315 

Hill Brothers 8^ 

Hamlen, C. N ^'^ 

Heselton Bros. & Co ^87 

Hines, J. W 251 

Howe & Ridlon 288 

Ireland, S. S ^^^ 


" '. , 146 


Kelly E. O... 
Little, Z. F.. 
Lowell, E. H 

Mooney, F. P. Mrs ^^ 

Norton, A. C 
Paul, E. S. & Co 


Philbrook & Leighton ^24 

Preble, Sidney T 

Presby, L. A. & (Jo 

Pelletier, O. J 

Piper, G. T. & Co 

Purington, John L 

Prince, S. B, & Z. S 

Percy, D. T. & Son 

Kamsdell, H 

Rice, H. H 

Soper, L. H 

Smith, Harmon 

Stetson , G. C 

Tattle & Frazier 238 

Tuttle George A 343 

Tubbs, C. N. & Co 291 

White & Wildes ^84 

Webb. F. C. & Co 335 



Bangs, F. A 

Eaton, Charles A.. 

Foye, D. W 

Field, William R... 
Goss, A. D. &E. F.. 

Hatch, John C 

Harlow, A. E 

Learned, Amos 

Morton, L. J 

Pollister. S. A 

Porter, W. A 

Royal, M. N. & Co. 
Stackpole, George. 
Spinney & Hayes., 


















Bartlett & Dennis 156 

Brewster, W. E 197 

Beaumont Edward 337 

Cony, Daniel A. & Co 115 

Currier, S 174 

Dill, Benj. U : 162 

Day & Co 177 

Gardner, Benjamin 131 

Ham, J. B. & Co 38 

Holway, Oscar & Co 98 

Hooker, C. A 356 

Jackson & Curtis 304 

McGrillis, C. P 195 

McLure & Danfortli 222 

Mitchell, G. J 349 

Mallet E. B., Jr 314 

Parrott, B. F. & Co 123 

Pai tridge & Danforth 294 

Ranger & Butler 265 

Savage, Frank J 235 

Tibbetts, J. E. cfe Co 86 

Tufts, M. P 260 

Willis Henry & Co 95 

Woodbury, Morrill & Gage 189 

Wait, Charles S 256 

Waterville Grist Mill, The 208 


Allen, Daniel & Co 40 

Allen, George A 94 

Adams, T. H 264 

Bradford, Conant & Co 33 

Blake, L. L. & Co 48 

Cummings, Charles S 28S 

Emerson, O. E 2( 7 

Fairbrother, E. F. & Co 183 

Groves, Oscar H 126 

Perry, D. B 270 

Preble & Keene 152 

Record, S 49 

Sturgis, Charles M 116 

Snell, George 354 

Titcomb & Cole 253 

Vaughan, Thomas 89 

Wells, A. L. & Co 118 

Wheeler, W. H 228 


Batchelder, J. & Son 224 

Cilley, J. A. & Co 233 

Fairfield Furniture Co 232 

Flagg, Charles & Son 304 

Moore, W. H 155 

Trask, T. 247 

Wadsworth Brothers 151 


Bolster, H. N 279 

Crowell, C. S. & Co 55 

Downing, G. P 287 

Soule, K. W 121 

Wing, F. A. & Co 207 


Atwood, Abram 36 

Jenkins, Charles 138 

Moulton, M. S. & Co 127 

Sabourin Elie 45 


Atwood, Abram 36 

Atwood, C. B. & Sous 322 

Atwood & Lowell 92 

Arnold, George D 190 

Blake, Spear & Co 66 

Bicknell Henry W 123 

Baker, Thomas M 126 

Boynton & Farr 130 

Braun Brothers ife Co 154 

Bartlett & Dennis 156 

Brewster, W. E 197 

Bolster, >f. Dayton 277 

Brlggs, F. C 278 

Bennett, J. C. & Co 295 

Barron, F. W 331 

Chase & Bean 92 

Crafts, A. B 99 

Cony, Daniel A.. fe Co 115 

Caswell, H. C 132 

Childs & Staplt^s 311 

Chickering, J. F 317 

Chase, H. L. ct \V. E 357 

Douglas, E. C 3S 

Dingley, John & Co 83 

Dill, Benjamin U 162 

Day & Co 177 

Dyer, A. C. 280 

Fuller, T. & Son 124 

Fuller, James E 12» 

Fuller, A. A Son 164 

Fogg. F. J 196 

Garner, John 6^ 

Gordon, A. K. P 96 

Gardiner Beef Co 170 

Gerry, E 264 

Gould, D. C. & Co 346 

Gilbert & Foss 294 

Gore & Davis 315 

Ilutchins, E. H 40 

Howard Brothers 45^ 

Haskell, I. N. & Co 91 

Hill, Lucius 121 

Flaskell, George D 136 

Harringt'jn, A. C 176 



Hillman, R. S 188 

Hines, J. W 251 

Howe & Ridloii 288 

Harris, R. C 344 

Hamlin, J. H 310 

Harris, F. N. (Wholesale) 252 

Jones, Levi tfe Co 298 

Jordan, B. R. & Co 329 

Lord, J. C. A- Son : 60 

Libby, George C 122 

Lowell & Simmons 174 

Leighton & Haines 196 

Lincoln, W. M 206 

Leonard, A. W 221 

Lowell, E. H 254 

Mitchell, Isaiali 89 

McGrillis, C. P 195 

Marshall, Paul 215 

Morse & Cannon 216 

McLure & Dauforth 222 

McDonald, F. H. Co 274 

Morin, E. D 332 

Nealey & Miller 33 

Nichols, T. L 355 

Peabody, J. L. .t Co 58 

Penley, Arthur M 87 

Peables & Garcelon 89 

Parsons, J 55 

Penley, Albert .M 94 

Pulsifer, W 95 

Pinkham, H. D 178 

Pierce, A. A 184 

Patterson, H. D. A Co 186 

Prescott, E. S 190 

Pooler, Fred 214 

Preston, L. G 254 

Peterson, W. 337 

Partridge & Danforth , 294 

Eoche & Curran 42 

Ring, William H 169 

Rogers, L. W 216 

Ranger & Butler 265 

Russell, Waller S 342 

Stevens & Goss 82 

Stevens, Edwin T.. 80 

Symmes, J. C 88 

Savage, C. B 120 

Smith, Tobey & Co 161 

Spaulding, A. C. & Bro 806 

Smith, Harmon 307 

Snow, L. D 335 

Thompson & Howes 185 

Towne, Edwin 207 

Tufts, M. P 260 

Tarbox, S. 261 

Tubbs, C. N. & Co 291 

Umbei bine, I. F 30(i 

Voter, Warren S 307 

Webber, F. L 138 

Wakefield, C. E. & Son 149 

Woodbury, Morrill & Gage 189 

Wiggin & Nye 236 

Waugh, James H 255 

Wait, Charles S 256 

Witham, L. E. & Co 263 

Williams, A. F 353 

Webber, W. G. & Co 304 

W«bb, F. C. & Co 335 


Andrews House 279 

Cony House 139 

Commercial House 345 

Cushirtg Hotel 317 

De Witt, The 70 

Exchange Hotel (Lewiston) 69 

Elm House { Auburn ) 97 

Elm House (Farmington) 253 

Elm House (Norway) 286 

Evans Hotel 166 

Elmwood Hotel 210 

Exchange Hotel (Farmington) 254 

Elms, The (Mechanic Falls) 271 

Franklin House 140 

Fairfield House. 235 

Hesclton Hotel 188 

Harlow House 316 

Lincoln House 68 

Park House ^8 

Rockingham Hotel 73 

Revere House 95 

Stoddard House 260 

Tebbetts, C. C 294 

Tontine Hotel...- 331 

Willows " 245 

Wintbrop House 299 


Bubier & Mason 67 

Beale, C. & Co 140 

Berry, John W l^-"* 

Davies, George F 208 

Dunham, A. H 280 

Manchester, J. R ^^8 

Redmond, James B 227 

Sherman, J. M 65 

Storah, F. H. & Co 93 

Spaulding & Kennison 214 

Shepard, J. H 354 

Walker, E. L 189 


Davis, E. E. & Co H^ 

Hamlin, J. H 310 

Kane & Stuber 161 

Murphy, T. J • ^^ 

Mathews, F. W H^ 




Callahan, T. F. & Co 66 

Chase, L. W 191 

Carsley, J. W 255 

Covel, N. & W. C 345 

Dickinson, S. A 209 

Fish, S. D. &.Son 104 

Fairar, Byron 250 

Graves, E. A .386 

Hamlen, H. H 125 

Longley, J. P 49 

Littlefield, Fred «& Co 164 

Michaud, George B 45 

Philbrook, G. C. 2:J7 

Bobbins, F. A 212 

Sager, E. A 150 

Scott, James H .S44 

Tucker, C. S 291 

"Wood & Walker 90 

Williams, J. D 28.3 

Warren, F. A. & Son 321 


Barbier, Emile 130 

Dirigo Laundry (D. B. Morse) 272 

Hatch, H. E 349 

Le Blanc, Joseph 53 

Low Brothers (Star laundry) 211 

Norway, August 293 

Quimby, A. K. P 52 

Wing. L. B 153 


Flood, G. S. & Co 213 

Nichols, Read 355 

Sawtelle, J. R 156 


Alexander & Hubbard 334 

Bradbury, R. S 87 

Bryant, G. A 140 

Cony, G. A. & H 133 

Chase, L. W 191 

Cummings, O. M 293 

Dunning, Charles W 348 

Emerson, S. L 90 

Colder, L S 48 

Hanson, F. M 213 

Hill, C. A ..'. 214 

Jewell, Williim. 151 

Legard, George E ;5I6 

Mills Brothers 223 

Mitchell, W. A 315 

Perkins, Hiram 272 

Savage, Parker N 138 

Shorey, C. & Co 208 

Trask, C. F 152 

Tasker, E. D. A Co 159 

Wilshire, George H. & Co 215 

Waterman & Jordan 271 


Allen, M. J 190 

Brown, S. T. & E. M 330 

Bradstreet, J. S. & F. T 159 

Clark & Milliken 305 

Canton Steam Mill Co 309 

Duren, A. H. & C. E 233 

Davis, S. G 300 

Flanders, E. A 200 

Gray, Joshua & Son 1 63 

Gould, C. A 265 

Haley, James E 352 

Hathaway, C. L 295 

Irish, C. M. & H. A 322 

Jordan, Frost & Co 37 

Jewett, H. W. <& Co 162 

Kennebec Framing & Lumber Co 231 

Lawrence Brothers 165 

Maxcy S. N. Mfg. Co 157 

Nye, Stephen A 233 

Oakland Mfg. Co 148 

Pingree, R. C. & Co .35 

Prescott, J. F 244 

Ranger, Geoi'ge W 264 

Totman, N. & Sons 233 

Totman, E. & Co 236 

Trafton, N. A 294 

Varney, J .349 

Weston & Brainard 183 


Auburn, Historical Sketch of 74 

Augusta, " " " 100 

Bearce & Clifford Construction Co., The. . . 38 

Batii, Historical Sketch of. 338 

Buckfield, " " " 318 

Brunswick," " " 323 

Brown, Levi G. (horseshoeing) 251 

Conant, S. F. (compound vapor bath) 182 

Canton, Historical Sketch of 308 

Chase, Homer N. & Co. (nurserymen) 320 

Dickey, H. H. & Son (leather belting) 34 

Dexter, Historical Sketch of 191 

Drake, G. ( baskets) 265 

Dunbar, M. C. (human hair) 41 

Equitable Mortgage Co 360 

Field, D. P. & Co. (ice) 67 

Fairfield, Historical Sketch of 229 

Farmington, " " " 239 

Farmington Mfg. Co. The, (ear protectors).. 257 

Freeport, Historical Sketch of 313 

Gardiner, " " " 141 

Gower, John (book publications) 299 

Horton & Pierce (rubber goods) 37 

Heath & Tainter (sewing machines) 51 

Hallowell, Historical Sketch of 170 

Hooper C. T. & Sons (wall papers, curtains) 359 

Kennebec Light & Heat Co 113 

Lewis, E. E. (architect) 169 



Moses, Charles T. (corn packer) 19S 

Mechanic Falls, Historical Sketch of :^66 

Mason, W. W. (truckiiiff) 347 

Newman, Lara & Co. (ice) ^^ 

Norway, Historical Sketch of 2^4 

Norway Tanning Co 286 

Oakland, Historical Sketch of. 218 

Oxford County Dairying Asso 322 

Roak, George M. (florist) 88 

Riggs, G. L. & A. S. (tanners) 2.^)6 

Richmond, Historical Sketch of. 301 

Singer Mnfg. Co 49 

Stone, H. L. (bicycles) 126 

Skowhegan, Historical Sketch of 179 

South Paris, Historical Sketch' of 27.5 

Trafton, N. A. (cattle and sheep) 294 

Varney, E. V. (horse-shoeing) 262 

Waterville, Historical Sketch of 200 

Winthrop, Historical Sketch of. 296 

Young, Freeland (billiards) 290 


Bailey's C. M. .Sons & Cj. (oil cloths) 299 

Dunn Edge Tool Co 220 

Eureka Hosiery Co 99 

Emerson & Stevens Mnfg. Co. (scythes, axes) 224 

Fuller & Co. (whiting and putty) 175 

Hutchins, H. Wesley (boxes) 82 

Hubbard & Blake (edge tools) 223 

Holt Hiram Co., The (bay knives) 246 

Irish, F. L. & Co. (brush blocks) 321 

Irish, C. M.& H. A (biush blocks) 322 

Jackson, J. S. & Son (block mfrs.) 357 

Lewiston Machine Co 37 

Lewiston Bleachery & Dye Works 54 

Lucas, C. II. (screw drivers) 310 

Morbe, Mark (paper boxes) 96 

Marshall, C. (shovel handles) 225 

Pulsifer, J. Roak (leather counters) 90 

Paris Mnfg. Co. (children's carts, etc.) 277 

Skinner, H. B. & Co. (bobbins, spools, etc.) 72 

Wheeler, Charles E. (fishing rods) 262 

Withington, C. & Sons (brushes) 321 


Auburn Marble and Monumental VVorks. . . 91 

Augusta Marble Works 127 

Augusta and Waterville Marble Works 139 

Blaisdell, Stephen 223 

Boston, E. C 305 

Faugbt, Henry M 128 

Gardiner Marble Works 161 

Morse & Bridges 197 

0'Connell,J. J 47 

O'Connor & Owen 292 

Verrill A. J. & Co 86 


Carman & Thompson 54 

Dexter Machine Co 195 

Dustin & Hubbard Mfg. Co 221 

Eagle Iron Works l"?? 

Field. Edwin F 48 

Fay & Scott 199 

Gay & Parsons 120 

Greenwood, Chester 257 

Holmes Gear Works, The 167 

Hallowell Iron Foundry 175 

Jones, A. C 278 

Jumper, Charles H 39 

King, A. B. & Co 46 

Perry, Joseph 156 

Penney, J. W. & Sons 273 

Purinton, F. H 328 

Robbins & Sons 163 

Watson, S. J 3.50 


Chaney, H. W 187 

Colby, C. II 333 

Gilpatrick, E 215 

Hnyden & Robinson 217 

Jordan, C. A 99 

Libby, W. A 68 


Atwood, L. Mrs 

Bigelow, H. H. Mrs. 
Chase, F. E. Mrs. . . . 
Chase, E. A. Miss.. . 


Dean, N. E. Miss 282 

Dillingham, A. Mies 315 

Emery, A. L. Miss , . 300 

Fhigg. B. R. Mrs 185 

Frizzell, B. F. Mr. & Mrs 222 

Farnham, Julia A. Mrs 228 

Hacker, A. Miss 3-37 

Jordan, L. M. Miss 134 

Lemont, J. T. Mrs 66 

Page, George R 68 

Packard, G. M 292 

Rouse, E. A. W. Mrs 342 

Stewart. G. C 247 

Smith, M. A. Mrs 336 

Wilson, C. R. Mrs 304 


Green, John 237 

Goodwin, W. R 64 

Johnson, D. H 176 

Learned & Brown 208 

Smith, John B. & Co 61 

Taber, Henry A '. 212 

Ward, A. D 123 




Excelsior Picture Frame Co 280 

Knowlton, D. P 135 

Piper, J. C. 345 

Wardwell, H. B 66 



Allen, C. A 250 

Bucknam, J. A. & Co 2()8 

Ballard, L. VV 39 

Barker, M. B. Mrs 56 

Bean & Hamlin 139 

Chadwick, W. E 212 

Carpenter, Gilbert H 21(1 

Glover, George H 62 

Hunt, Charles C 136 

Hughes, J. D 164 

Heath & Tainter 51 

Lothrop, W. L 62 

Laughtou, N. J 63 

Taylor, N. S 47 

Towle, George F 311 

Wheeler, W. J 281 

Washburn, J. G 351 


Callahan, George A 67 

Calvert & Waldron ^ 73 

Dexter Gazette. ^ 197 

Farmington Chronicle 253 

Goodwin, H. L 264 i 

Howard H. W. Printing Co., The 341 

Knowlton, D. H. <fe Co 246 

Knowlton, McLeary & Co 246 

Morse. W. S 93 

Thompson, .J. W 309 

Weeks, W. H 45 

White, Charles R 158 


Ayer, George O 1 27 

Call,B. L 195 

Carleton, C. G 209 

Hendee, J. S 138 

Hawkes, N. S 186 

Higgins, J. C. & Son ;!55 

Hatch, A 85f) 

Kimball, A. W 305 

Mclutosh, George ] (ii) 

Reed, A. O ;)33 

Stanley, F. E 5i) 

Sturtevant, E. E 185 

Starbird, E. R 255 

Vose, S. S. it Son 213 

Worthley, W. E. G 03 


Bowdoin Paper Mfg. Co 3.S7 

Hollius worth & Whitney Paper Co 158 

Poland Paper Co 274 

Richards Paper Co 167 

Wood, Robinson & Co 92 

Warren, S. D. & Co 162 


Bennett, 1 123 

Bridge, VV. C 274 

Cressey, D. B 42 

Faiigrieve's Restaurant 191 

Hibbert, Samuel 41 

Harrison , George "W 344 

Potter, A. G 56 


Bailey, A 152 

Berry, Arthur L 161 

Conant, F. A. & Co 50 

Davis, Farr & Co 125 

Davis, A. E 217 

Davenport George P 358 

Franklin Company, The 34 

Garcelon & Hunton Q6 

Howe, Freelaud 292 

Hall, W. T 306 

Kendall, J. C 316 

Lydston, William 56 

Maine Benefit Association 98 

Macomber, George E 133 

Maxcy, Josiah & Sons 154 

Neal, W. B 165 

Pennell, William M 331 

Small, J. T. & Co 60 

Stoddard, J L 164 

Voter, F.E 261 


Drake, James B 343 

Davenport, (4eorge P 358 

Olys, William B 342 


Donnell, J. T. & Co , 353 

Johnson Brothers 355 

Lord, II. S 346 


Abbott Family School 248 

Colby University 210 

Dirigo Business College 125 

Farmington State Normal 258 

Lewiston Commercial, The 70 




Eastern Steamship Co ?>oS 

Kennebec Steamboat Co Ifi6 

Kennebec Steam Towing Co 159 


Allen, D. W. & Co 238 

Brooks, George B 91 

Brooks, S. S. & Co 130 

Blackwell, S. H 235 

Day, Josepli H 46 

Doian Furnace Co 187 

Emerson, O. E 207 

Folsom, C. VV 226 

Fai rar, S. L 352 

Greenwood, Charles 44 

Goss, A. L. & E. F 62 

Hardy, J. D 247 

Johnson, D. H 176 

Lander, J. C 146 

Leavitt, W. C 294 

Pratt, T. L. cfe Co 51 

Richardson & Libby 282 

Swanton, Jameson & Co 347 

Umbeihine, I. F 306 

Watson & Co 351 

Winslow, J. A. & Son 342 

Williamson, 136 

Ward, A. D 123 


Catland. T. E 42 

Cross, George W ]63 

Fairbanks, J. A 137 

Houghton, C. R 312 

Littlefield, John B 71 

Sabourin Elie 45 


Androscoggin Mills 57 

Avon Mill 71 

Abbott, Amos & Co 194 

Bates Manufacturing Co 57 

Barker Mills 97 

€\)ntinental Mills 72 

Edwards Manufacturing Co 137 


Andrews, L. H ;^;^r) 

Blaisdell. H. S 117 

Bickiiell & Neal 155 

B. B. C. C. (B. L. Filene) 350 

Carter, P]. B 1 Sfj 

Davis, E. E. & Co 114 

Dolloff & Dunham 217 

Dwinal, O. B. & C H 271 

Douglas, J . L 347 

Estes & Ward 184 

Elliott, F. Q 291 

Hall, A.J 120 

Hawthorne, W 357 

Isaacson, S. A. & I. B 64 

Johnson, A. A 225 

Kenney & Plummer 281 

Lincoln, G. W 198 

Ledyard, William 348 

Martin, P. E. & Co '52 

Maher, J. J. & Co 134 

Nasou, Charles H 129 

Pinkham & Sherburne 128 

Partridge. B. W 153 

Richards & Merrill 40 

Sykes, K. M. & Co .53 

Small, E.N 206 

Salley, U. G 237 

Snow, A. J 356 

Soule, Fred S 317 

Snow, Jordan 335 

Twombly, J. H. & Co 85 


Allen, Daniel & Co 40 

Adams, T. H 264 

Crane, F. E. A Co 43 

Clark, John M 347 

Dillingham. C. \V 300 

Dorman, K. S .321 

Flajig, Charles & Son 304 

Knuwlton, D. & Son 122 

Perry, D. B 270 

Stuigis, Charles M 116 

Vaughan, Thomas 39 

Wells, A. L. & Co 118 

Wheeler, W. H 228 


Authoine, A. W. & \V. B .59 

Blethen, H. A 198 

Blake, E. G 245 

Clifford, C. W 3.52 

Davis, A. A 329 

Field, J. M 224 

Goodridge, F. J 211 

Hayden, Charles F 359 

Lord & Lowell 115 

Lambard, J. S 159 

Lovejoy, F. A 215 

Presson, George McL 244 

Rogers, G. S. & G. L 150 

Richards, S 278 

Spiiiigall, John VV 196 

Smith, O, W 317 

Wright, A. S 70 

Wood, J. H 209 

Woodward, C. A t 157 




Bolster, H. N 279 

Grossman, C. P 63 

Frizzle, B. F. Mr. and Mrs 222 

Hillman, R. S....: 188 

Owen, F. H 1^4 

Smith, L. A 251 


Augusta Water Works HI 

Gardiner Water Co 160" 

Richmond Water Co 303- 

Waterville Water Co 214 






ri^HE genesis and evolution of a New England city is an event of large histori- 
WSWP cal signification and broad interest. From the solitude of a wilderness to the 
bustling prosj^erity of a great and enterprising city, there is a range of progress wide 
enough to cover almost every form of human activity, and every tiMusition of human 
life. First, a few settlers' camps clustering around the river; then a frontier village 
with all its privations and haunting fears; then a town just opening up to the concep- 
tions of national life and commercial possibilities; finally, the railroads and mills 
I'apidly develop the long nourished germs into the intenser and more highly-organized 
action of municipal life. To understand, the history of any city or country, one must 
know the character of the people, and the peculiar conditions of the environment 
which have affected their progress. To one interested in the welfare and destiny of 
the human race as suggested in its history, no less than to one on whom the charms 
and beauties of his native place have a strong, affectionate hold, the study of the 
growth of so representative a city as Lewiston reveals much of interest and value, 
and amply repays careful and continued study. 


Nature is not impartial, as we are sometimes asked to believe. She has her special 
favorites, on whom she lavishes her choicest treasures, and whose successful develop- 
ment is inevitable. When she gives vast motor power situated in a community and 
an age pre-eminnent for manufacturing, it is not without a meaning, as a centui-y or 
two plainly declares. As we grope among the misty traditions and mistier records 
that throw their feeble light on the early life of the now great industl'ial center 


of Lewiston, we find that its charms and superiority were enrly recognized. Upon 
the aboriginal mind, the glimmer of a thought of what the place was fitted for and 
destined to became, could never have dawned, yet in their own crude way tliey seem 
to have been not incapable of appreciating it. Lured, not unlikely, by the music of 
the falls, in harmony with their own impetuous natures, they seem to have frequented 
this locality, even to have made it the favorite meeting-place and center of the tribe in 
this part of the State, which went by the euphonius title of Anasagunticooks. With 
their j^eculiar predeliction for high-sounding epithets, they dubbed the Lewiston Falls 
" Amitgonpontook," which we doubt if they themselves thoroughly understood, and 
certainly no one since has mastered its meaning to any marked extent. What sort of 
jubilations the Anasagunticooks used to enjoy themselves here withal, is not at the 
present time definitely known, but it doubtless was not much advanced on the usual 
manner of people of their range of intelligence. They seem to have liad a modified 
form of the ancient eastern religion of ancestor worship, and the fact that this was 
a great burial place of the tribe, undoubtedly made it a center for their religious'life 
and ceremonies. They seem to have been quite numerous, though Ear from strong 
and active. Numerous skeletons have been discovered in various parts of Lewiston, 
and these silent memorials will perhaps still occasionally lecall dim visions of a for- 
gotten past, when the names and memories of its early inhabitants shall be known by 
the place no more. 

Any one who follows the Androscoggin river up its broad, rushing course can see 
that the great falls that constitute its chief superiority, make it much more difiicult, 
indeed impracticable for navigation, compared with the Kennebec or the Penobscot; 
consequently, though the region at its mouth was settled about 1630, one of the earliest 
places so favored in the State, yet the portions of valuable land farther up the stream 
were settled later than many spots on the two other great rivers of Maine. It is un- 
necessary to go into a consideration of all the fluctuations and ti'ansitions of owner- 
ship through which the Androscoggin region, known as the Pejepscot Purchase, passed 
during the middle of the seventeenth century. Prominent among the Indian chief- 
tains who were active in these land treaties, was a certain Warumbee, a man of unu- 
sual discernment and ability, supposed to have had his headquarters in this vicinity. 
The endless disputes between proprietors, settlers and original owners, doubtless 
helped to retard the settlement of Lewiston, which was not practically effected until 
the year 1770. 

The original movers for the founding of Lewiston were two Boston merchants, 
Jonathan Bagley and Moses Little, also prominent members of the Pejepscot Com- 
pany, who in 1767 obtained a grant for the country about Lewiston Falls, and imme- 
diately set about the colonizing and developing of the region, whose advantages they 
were not slow to perceive. They decided to call the prospective town Lewiston, but 
for what reason does not appear. The ground surveyed was about five miles square, 
along the north side of the river, around the falls. The first actual settler was l^aul 
Hildreth, who arrived with his wife and infant child in the summer of 1770, from 
New Gloucester, N. H., and had soon erected his log cabin on the river bank, near 
the i^resent situation of the Continental mills. The family returned to New Glouces- 



ter, where tliey spent the following winter, but came back and spent with two other 
families, several lonely seasons here before the gloom and loneliness were lighted up 
by the arrival of other strong spirits like their own. The families of David 
Pettingill and .Mr. Varnan of Dracut, Massachusetts, were also settled here in 

'^-^^'•;" ' ' 






the years 1770-71, and the former, particularly, became very influential in build- 
ing up the new settlement. Lawrence J. Harris accomplished more, perhaps, than 
any other one man in laying the foundations of Lewiston. He came in the au- 
tumn of 1770, with a company of eight workmen, and erected the frame of a mill 
at the falls, which he completed in the following spring, when he made a permanent 
settlement here. In consideration of his services he received large grants of land 
from the ])i-oprielors, Capt. Little and Col. Bagley, in addition to one hundred acres 
for each of his five sons to be selected in any jiart of the plantation, so that his fami- 
ly was very influential in building up the little town. The small size of the place 
w^as one great protection against Indian hostilities, which were never suffered here, 
except by rumor ;ind anticipation, the surrounding Indians always remaining friendly. 
The town was surveyed and laid out into fifty lots of one hundred acres each, by 
Amos Davis, in 1773, who himself settled here in 1774. The same year witnessed 
considerable accessions to their numbers, among otheis, Israel Herrick, Jesse Wright, 
Jacob Barker, Thomas and James Cjburn with their families, helped to increase the 


now steadily-growing village. The Revolutionary War caused many families to set- 
tle back from the coast, beyond the reach of the English marauders, and the exces- 
sive taxation. Among others who were valuable accessions in 1775, were James Gar- 
celon, Josiah Mitchell, Joel Thompson, Stephen Coffin, Mark Pettingill, and Joel 
Wright. Daniel Reed, Jonathan Hodgkins, Ebenezer Ham, and Stephen Cummings, 
also came during the next few years, and added weight to the business and affairs of the 
place. Amos Davis was a leader in town affairs during its early history. He was 
the most prominent in advancing the interests of the Friends' Society in this vicinity, 
and among other gifts to advance the town, bequeathed ttie land on Sabattis Street, 
for the old burying ground. He also built a small wooden building which served for 
a number of years as the meeting and schoolhouse. 

Israel Herrick founded one of the ablest and strongest of Maine families. His 
son John founded the first tavern in this vicinity, and served the town for many years 
and in various capacities. He was long chairman of the selectmen, and was a mem- 
ber for many years of the Massachusetts Legislature, also taking part in the making 
of the State Constitution in 1820. He was widely noted for his unfailing generosity. 
Of his sons, Oliver won distinction as a captain in the war of 1812, and Ebenezer 
was elected to Congress, where he was a great honor to his native State, ranking 
among Maine's greatest legislators. 

James Garcelon was one of the leading members of the first board of Selectmen, 
and among his descendants has been a Governor of the State. 

Among the descendants of Ebenezer Ham, founiler of the Ham family of Lewis- 
ton, have been some of our most distingnished military and municipal officers. 

Daniel Reed was one of tlie youngest settlers in the new town, and gaining great 
respect and honor as the first school teacher, became one of the most influential of the 
town's citizens. He served in the town government for twenty-six years, being chair- 
man twelve; was town clerk fifteen years; served one term in the Massachusetts Leg- 
islature, and four in the Maine Legislature ; he was appointed by President Wash- 
ington to be the first postmaster of Lewiston, in 1795, and held the position for about 
forty years. 

A census of the town, taken in 1788, showed that there were seventy-six families 
settled here, and this number kept constantly increasing. Among other leading men 
who came about this time, were Messrs. Pettingill, Cole, Smith, Hinckley, Merrill 
Carvill, Ames, Hatch, Banks, Mitchell, Field, Lake, and Thorn. Lewiston, though 
very small at the time, had three representatives in the Revolutionaiy War, David 
Pettingill, who died in the service, his son Benjamin, and Joel Thompson. The town 
by rapid growth had increased to three hundred and thirty families in 1793. The 
records of the early meetings, held for the formation of a local government, together 
with other town documents have been lost, but in 1795, in response to a petition pre- 
sented the year before, a town charter was granted to the citizens of Lewiston, and a 
town government soon organized. The first selectmen were John Herrick, James Gar- 
celon, Joel Thompson, Winslow Ames, and Daniel Davis. The first town clerk was 
Noah Litchfield, who held the office for eight years ; among his successors have been 
Daniel Read, for fifteen years ; Winslow Ames, one year; Joel Thompson, six years ; 



Nathaniel Reynolds, one year; Wm. Garcelon, seven years; Stephen H. Read, four 
years; John M, Frye, one year; S. G. Phillips, three years; E. P. Tobie, twenty- 
three years; John Smith, one year. 

At the time of incorporation, the Gore settlement was added to the Lewiston set- 
tlement in establishing the town. Among other traditions as to the name of Lewis- 


ton, is one ascribing it to an Indian of the region, named Lewis, who is said to have 
entered a canoe above the falls, while in a state of intoxication, and drifting away in 
the current, was carried over the falls and drowned. Just before going over he 
shouted (?) out to the observing spectators that they should name the falls " Lewis 
Falls." This rather apochryphal story contains in itself all refutation necessary, and 
it would require a great deal of credulity, as well as ignorance of the Indian mind, to 
deem it true for a minute. Like some of the n)yths which grew up in prehistoric 
days as an explanation of existing facts, it was undoubtedly an after-growth, devised 
by some ingenious mind anxious to solve the inexplicable problem of the origin of the 
town's name. 


The closing years of the last century found the town already well established, 
growing steadily, with premonitions of its future prosperity just dawning in the most 
observing minds of its citizens. The center of the town was at what is now Lowell's 
Corner, and about this quite a country trading' business had been built up by David 
Davis, James Lowell and Nathan Reynolds, The only manufacturing, thus far, was 
that of the saw and grist mills, but the magnificent water power of the falls had not 
escaped observation, and plans of improvement were lying doriii;\nfc, which were des- 
tined to spring up in gi'eat enterprises early in the following century. The only 
means of communication with Portland and other towns was by means of the stage 
and team routes, and Lewiston was then considered quite remote in the backwoods, 
but here by itself in the woods were being laid the foundations of one of the most 
magnificent industrial developments New England has know^n. 


The first few years of the century witnessed no remarkable events or growth, but 
by the end of the first decade it was already i*ecognized as a town of great promise. 
The greatest industrial achievement up to that time, was the erection by Col, Little, 
in 1809, of a large saw, grist, fulling and cai'ding mill combined, at a favorable place 
near the falls. Unfortunately this was burned in 1814. In the year 1811-12, the 
erection of the first meeting-house in the southern part of the town was a marked 
sign of progress. The town took a decided interest in the war of 1812, though the 
war brought only trouble and loss to itself. A company w;is raised hero in 1812, un- 
der the command of Capt. Oliver Horrick, and it suffered severe loss in the engage- 
ment on Lake Champlain, July 2, 1813. A considerable numbyr of volunteers from 
this town were slain. In Sept. 1814, Col. Walter R. Bliisdell of Lewiston, raised a 
regiment in this vicinity, two companies being from this city, which performed valua- 
ble services in the field. After the war a wave of gre:iter progress set in, and busi- 
ness men from this and other states began to discover and discuss the great advantage 
of Lewiston as a mill site. 

In 1818, the Baptist church edifice was erected at a cost af $2,2G0, and in 1820 the 
Freewill Baptists also erected a church building. During this time the school in- 
terests were advancing, chiefly owins^ to the untiring efforts of " Master Bond," a man 
of much force of character and mind, who was in charge of Lewiston's schools from 
1809 to 1839, 

The growth and extent of the milling interests of Lewiston, are eminently worthy 
of exceptional and careful mention. Not later than 1819, a decided start in this di- 
rection had been taken in the erection of a woolen mill, which was burned in 1829. 
But a larger and better mill was erected in 1830, and its success was the breeze which 
kindled the growing plans for utilization of the vast water power here into a blaze. In 
1834, as the result of long work and thorough planning on t!ie part of Lewiston and. 
other capitalists, the first great stock company, the Lewiston Falls Manufiicturing Co,, 
with a capital of $100,000, was incorporated and started operations in the manuf:^c- 
turing of satinet, Thomas B. Harding was the first man to manufacture cotton, Lew- 
iston's great specialty, setting up two looms here in 1844, The Great Androscoggin 



Falls, Dams, Locks mucI Canal Company, incorporaterl in 1836, wilh $100,000 capital, 
was the first to adequately develope the magnificent water power of the falls. The 
name was ciiiinged in 1845 to the Lewiston Water Power Company, and the massive 
granite looks at the falls, and the great canal, sixty-two feet wid^, three-quarters of a 
mile long, supplying all the inills, were the results of their valuable work. The stocks 


and works of this company passed into the hands of the Franklin Company, by pur- 
chase, in 1857. The great dam of adamantine strength, completed at an outlay of 
f 100,000 in 1863-64, was the work of this latter company. The Lincoln Mill was one 
of the earliest large mills to start cotton manufacturing, dating its work since 1846. 
It has a capacity of 21,744 spindles, producing 3,500,000 yards of sheeting per annum, 
but has not been run steadily the last few years. 

The fiist mill erected on the canal was the Bates, No. 1, u hich was incorporated 
in 1850, and commenced manufacturing cotton goods in 1852. Bates No. 2 was com- 
pleted and started in 1854; No. 3 in 1863; and No. 4 in 1881. The whole number 
of spindles in this great series of mills, is 63,672; annual consumption of cotton, 
5,184,000 pounds; annual production of goods, 10,400,000 yards of quilts, ginghams, 
chevoits, towels, dress goods, shirtings, colored duck, cotton ad es, and seersuckers. 
Over 1,600 hands, male and ft'tnale, are employed, and the monthly pay roll is around 

Next, in the order of time, is the Hill Company, incorporated in 1850, and opera- 
tions began in 1854. Two large mill buildings are kept constantly humming to the 
time of 51,630 spindles, and 8,600,000 yards of cotton goods, chiefly shirtings, sheet- 
ings and twills are run out every year. A thousand hands are employed, and about 
$26,000 paid out every month in wages. 



The Androscoggin Mills were incorporated in 1860, and commenced manufactur- 
ing in 1861. These large mills, containing about 60,000 spindles, and pi'oducing an- 
nually 9,227,090 yards of cotton goods, together with numerous outlying buildings, 
comprise the extensive plant of this company. They employ a thousand hands, and 
the monthly pay roll is estimated at about $45,000, 

The Continental Mills, incorporated 1865, began operations 1866, contain 70,000 
spindles, have an annual production of 17,500,000 yards, sheetings and drillings, an 
employee force of 1,200 hands, and a pay roll of 840,000 per month. 


Besides these great cotton mills are : the Lewiston Bleachery, with three hundred 
and sixteen employees, and a monthly pay roll of $25,000 ; the D. Cowan & Company 
Mill, producing 300,000 yards woolen goods annually, with a hundred and eighty-five 
employees and a monthly pay roll of |3,700 ; the Cumberland Mill, producing $300,- 
000 worth of woolen goods per annum, with fifty eraj^loyees and monthly pay roll ol 
^,000 ; the Avon Mill, manufacturing quantities of quilts and towels. Not counting 
in the machine shops we thus find that, estimating roughly, in the great cotton 
industry alone, 245,000 spindles are kept constantly at work, 45,727,000 yards of 
various kinds of cotton goods, produced every year, 4,800 persons era])loyed, and 
$166,000 every month or $1,992,000 annually paid in wages. When we remember 
that this great industrial development has raised the population from two thousand to 
over twenty thousand, and all the material wealth it has brought to the people, we 
ean better appreciate how much Lewiston owes to its magnificent situation and its 
inexhaustible water supply. The development of its manufacturing industries has 


largely increased the extent of all its other commercial interests, and made it the cen- 
ter and leading city of all this part of the State. 

While this great industrial advance was being made, Lewiston was forging steadi- 
ly forward in other and all lines. Her religious growth was fostered by the estab- 
lishment and maintenance of numerous church societies. Her educational affairs were 
advanced by the opening of the High School in 1850, and of the Maine State Serai- 
nary in 1855. The Lewiston Journal was established May 21, 1847 by Wm. H. Wal- 
dron & Co. ; the first editor was Dr. F. Lane, succeeded by Wm. H. Waldron and 
Nelson Dingley, Jr. The issue of the Daily Journal was commenced in 1861, con- 
temporaneously with the incorporation of the city. The charter for the city govern- 
ment of Lewiston was granted, but the government was not organized until the fol- 
lowing year, and the first mayor, Jacob B. Main, inaugurated in 1863. 

The patriotic interest in the civil war was very deep and enthusiastic in Lewiston, 
as is shown by the fact that the first regiment in the State was largely organized here. 
Capt. N, J. Jackson of Lewiston, was chosen Colonel of the First Maine Infantry and 
performed gallant services at the front, for which he was promoted to be a Brigadier- 
General. Capt. Silas B. Osgood, Col. Wm. R. Ham (slain at Cold Harbor), Major 
Knowlton (slain in the Shenandonh Valley), and Lieut.-Col. Edwin Illsley, were 
among the gallant officers who upheld the honor of Lewiston, and of whose glory she 
was nobly proud, even amid tlie suffering and loss of battle days. 

The large number of eleven hundred and fifty soldiers were enlisted here, only 
sixteen of these being drafted. Lewiston generously furnished her full quota of men 
without delay, being represented in almost every regiment which left the State. 
The contributions of money from Lewiston were constant and large. Among other 
amounts furnished were, $31,970.00 for the support of soldier's fiimilies, and 1100,275 
for bounties. A Ladies' Aid Society was actively and devotedly employed through- 
out the struggle, and the valuable assistance rendered in all lines, is far beyord the 
possibility of computation. One hundred and twelve officers and privates fell dur- 
ing the war, and their death brought irremedial grief to many Lewiston homes. As 
a fitting token of gratitude and honor, the names of all who fell are inscribed on the 
beautiful Soldiers' Monument, designed and executed l)y Mr. Franklin Simmons, 
artist, of Lewiston. The occasion of the unveiling of the monument, February 28, 
1868, was appropriately celebrated, the address being made by the Hon. Wm. P. 
Frye. The monument is located near the northeast corner of the City Park. 

An important event in the history of Lewiston, was its incorporation as a city in 
1862." Owing to the unsettled state of affairs, produced by the war, the city govern- 
ment was not immediately organized, the first mayor, Hon. Jacob B. Ham, being 
elected and inaugurated in the next year. The list of chief city oflicials h:is been as 
follows: Mayors, Jacob B. Ham, 1863-64; Wm. P. Frye, 1865-66; Geo. H. Pils- 
bury, 1867; Is;iac N. Parker, 1868-69; Wm. H. Stevens, 1870; Alonzo Garcelon, 
1871; David Cowan, 1872; N. W. Farwell, 1373 ; H. IF. Dickey, 1864 ; Edmund 
Russell, 1875-77; Jesse S. Lyford, 1878 ; Joseph H. Dav, 1879-80 ; Mandeville T. 
Ludden, 1881; David Farrar, 1882; Alonzo M. Garcelon, 1883; Xelson Howard, 
1884; Charles Walker, 1885; David Cowan, 1886; D. J. McGillicuddy, 1887; 
Horace C. Liitle, 1888. Of these honorable gentlemen, the following are deceased : 



Jacob B. Hani, Isaac N. Parker, David Cowan, N. W. Farwell, H. H. Dickey, 
Edmund Russell, M. T. Ludden, Wm. H. Stevens. The Hon. Wni. P. Frye is well- 
known throughout the country ns the able representative of Maine in the United 
States Senate. Lewiston hns been represented in the gubernatorial chair of Maine 
by such talented men as Ex-Governors Dingley and Garcelon. The City Clerks of 
Lewiston, since its incorpoi-ation, have been as follows: E. P. Tobie, lb63-75 ; E. A. 
Nash, 1876-77; F. D. Lyford, 1878; C. F. Goff, 1879; E. A. Nash, 1880-82; VV. J. 


Rodick, 1683-85; John S.-ibjn, 1886-87; John F. Putnam, 1888. In this connection, 
special honor should be given to the veteran clerk, Mr. E. P. Tubie, who served the 
town and city up to the time of his death, 1875, for nearly forty years. The work of 
compilation, by Mr. John F. Putn im, is of great value to all interested in the statis- 
tics and history of Lewiston. 

The financial history since the has coincided in Lewiston with the general 
experience of the country. There has been real and solid advance, though the undue 
inflation and sudden depressions which hnve occurred since the w;ir, have not been 
entirely escaped here. Tiie magnificent power of Lewiston's almost unlimited water 
supply has served as a rock foundation for her business interests, and renders them 
certain of gn^at development and expansion in coming years. 

The population of Lewiston has advanced as follows: — 1830, 1,549; 1840, 
1,801; 1850, 7,584; 1860, 7,428; 1863, 8,761; 1870, 18,602; 1S80, 19,083. At the 
present time it is estimated at a little over 20,000, which is now steadily advancing. 
A study of these statistics beais corroberative evidence to what has been already said 


of the immense impetus given to the growth of the city by the introduction of the 
milling in 1836, and its subsequent development. This is also demonstrated by the in- 
creased valuation of the city. Since 1856, the yearly valuations has been estimated 
as follows : — 

































































One of the greatest undertakings ever made by the city was that resulting in the 
erection of the City Hall, in 1866. This fine building, one of the largest and most 
beautiful of its kind in the State and New England, is a striking testimony to the 
enterprise and liberality of Lewiston's citizens. It is built of brick, with fine granite 
trimmings, and both externally and internally is handsomely and elaborately fur- 
nished and adorned. The cost of the building was $200,000. It contains a large and 
admirably selected and arranged public library, bearing ample evidence to the intel- 
ligence and strength of intellectual things in Lewiston. There is also a finely 
arranged and decorated hall, admitted to be " one of the finest in New England," 
capable of seating about 2,500 people. Here numerous dramatic, operatic, orches- 
tral, and other first-class entertainments are furnished, to the delight and instruction 
of the citizens, (see page 30.) 

Among other members of the present city government, outside of those already 
mentioned are the following. Aldermen — A. D. Barker, W. H. While, M. A. Coyne, 
Fred L. Farr, P. X. Angers, M. A. Murphy, F. L. Hoyt; City Treasurer — David 
Farrar; Auditor — E. L.R.Hunt; Solicitor — W. H. Judkins ; Chief Engineer — 
I. B. Merrill; Marshal — S. A. Cummings; Collector — E. G. Woodside. 

The advance and power of business interests in Lewiston have been largely due 
to the untiring eflForts and cooperating plans of its leading commercial men. The 
present Board of Trade has the following officers: President — C.I. Barker; First 
Vice-president — T. E. Eustis ; Second Vice-president — S. D. Wakefield; Secre- 
tary — Horace C. Little ; Treasurer — B. Peck. Other members of Board of Man- 
agement : F. W. Dana, R. C. Reynolds, L N. Wood, A. B. Nealy, C. H. Osgood, 
E. P. Ham. The membership of this important organization contains the leading 
business men of the city, and is contributing an inestimable amount to the progress 
and development of the city's interests. , 

Bates College, one of the leading institutions of education in ihe State, is situated 
at Lewiston. It w;is incorporated in 1856, with an endowment of 815,000. The 


collegiate course was first established in 1868, -when its name was changed from 
"Maine State Seminary," to Bates College, in honor of the munificence of its chief 
benefactor, Benj. E. Bates, nf Boston, who has given over 1200,000 to the institution. 
The Rev. Oren B. Cheney, d.d., formerly of Augusta, tl)e first president, being elected 
in 1856, has continued to exercise th^ duties of this office with ability and satisfac- 
tion up to the present time. The faculty is comi)Osed of ten able scholars and 


instructors, and thi" standard of work is maintained at the highest rank. There are 
about one hundred and fifty students at the present time in all de|)artments. Among 
the principal buildinns are Hathorn, Nichols and Parker Halls, and the Gymnasium. 
The Nichols Latin School is the preparatory department to the college. The Theo- 
logical School, established in 1870, is one of the important departments of the col- 
lege, and is admirably conducted and supported. Faculty of the College : Rev. Orin 
B. Cheney, D.D., President; J.Y.Stanton, a.m., Prof, of Latin and Greek; R. C. 
Stanly, A.M., Prof, of Chemistry and Geology; Tiiomas L. Agnell, a.m.. Prof, of 
Modern Languages; Geo. C. Chase, Prof, of Rhetoric and English Literature; B. F. 
Hayes, Prof. Mental and Moral Philosophy ; J. M. Rand, Prof. Mathematics. Fac- 
ulty of the Theological School: Rev. Orin B. Cheney, d.d.. President ; Rev. John 
Fullonton, D.D., Pi'of. of Ecclesiastical History and Pastoral Theology; Rev. B. F. 
Hayes, d.d., Prof, of the Evidences of Christianity, and Moral Science; Prof. J. A. 
Howe, D.D., Prof, of Homiletics; T. H. Rich, a.m., Prof, of Hebrew. 

The region around Lewiston is one of the most beautiful in this delightful State. 
The drives over fine roads in every direction reveal innumerable prospects of beauty, 
and Maranocook and many other beautiful resorts are brought almost next door by 
the railroad. Being furnished with admirable rail connections, both with Portland, 
Bath, Waterville, Hangor, etc., has been an inestimable boon to the growth of the 
city, both socially and commercially. Among the leading churches which represent 
the religious life of the city are the Pine Street Congregational and Free Baptist 
churches; the Maine Street Free Baptist; the Bates Street Baptist; the Park Street 
Methodist ; the Hammond Street Methodist ; the Trinity Episcopal ; the St. Joseph's 
Roman Catholic, and Bates Street Universalist. 



The water supply of the city is deserving of especial mention. In 1874, the first 
movement was made which resulted in the present admirable and efficient system. In 
1876, the city, by a popular vote, authorized the purchase of the old saw mill site for 
$200,000, together with the right to take from the Androscoggin river such supplies 
of water as the city should need for domestic or mechanical uses. The pumping 
station was erected at this point, and this was completed in 1878, at a cost of $455,- 
509, commencing operations in December of that year. The city reservoir was built 
on Mitchell's Hill, about two miles from the city, at a cost of about $40,000. It 
is capacious, and thoroughly fitted with the best facilities for storing and purifying 


the water supply. The city is constantly making improvements, and has succeeded 
in obtaining for the growing population one of the most satisfactory water systems 
in the state. Of recent years more careful and extended attention has been given to 
the question of sewerage, and measures have been taken and are now being medi- 
tated for placing this department in the best position to meet the wants and demands 
of a constantly increasing population. Sanitary measures in general are essentially 
and thoroughly considered here, and executed with great rapidity and good results. 
The City Physician is Dr. R. R. Ricker, and all work in this department receives 
prompt and effective care. One department of the City Government esjjecially 
worthy of mention is that of Police, which is conducted with great fidelity and the 
most careful attention to the interests of the citizens. This department is under the 
superintendence of City Marshal S. A. Cummings. To Lewiston belongs the honor 
of being one of the first cities in the United States to establish a long-needed 
reform, by adding a police-matron to its officials. Mrs. Eliza E. Knowlton has per- 
formed the large and important duties of this office with the most satisfactory results, 
and has demonstrated effectively the need and value of this great work. This is but 
one evidence of the liberal and progressive spirit-exhibited by the citizens of Lewis- 
ton in advancing their municipal life to the highest possible standard. The P^'ire 
Department of Lewiston is almost celebrated for ihe perfection of its technique and 



efficiency of its services. Lewiston has had some several fires, but has never suffered 
from a widespread conflagration, and this is largely due to the magnificent work and 
thorough reliability of this department. The Chief Engineer is 1. B. Merrill, who 
with four assistants, renders the efficiency of the department a mntter of perfect 
confitlence. Over $12,000 is annually spent upon this department by the city, and 
the security of its manufacturing, commercial, public and domestic property most 
reliably obtained. This fact adds not a little to its superiority as aii industrial site. 


The corner-stone was laid July 4, 1871. The building was dedicated Dec. 5, 1872. 
The interior of large hall, 80x165, and 37 feet and 2 inches high. The floor will seat 
1,G00 i^eople ; the galleries will seat G72. Tiie building is 165 feet on Park street, 
180 feet on Pine street, 40 feet on Lisbon street. The height from the sidewalk to 
cornice, 100 feet. The height of spire is 206 feet. The vane is 9 feet long. 






The religious and philanthropic work of the city is also maintained by numerous 
benevolent institutions and societies. The social life of the city is of that refined 
and elevated type which is often seen in an atmosphere charged with high educa- 
tional ideals. The presence of the college adds a tone of culture and progress which 
is most perceptible and valuable. It also affords exceptionable privileges to the 
young men of Lewiston to obtain a liberal education at home and with greatest 
facility. The social amenities are fostered by many large and active societies which 
receive especial attention here from the generous tendencies of the citizens. The 
piablic-school system is naturally and thoroughly elevated in its type and manage- 
ment. It has been modeled according to the highest standards, and placed under the 
control of broadly-educated and able officers. The people are also generous in 
its support, realizing its surpassing importance. During the past year the appropri- 
ation of the city to the public schools was $24,000 ; total receipts being |35,430, and 
total expenditures $37,502. $1,500 was also appropriated by the city for an evening 
school, for the advantage of those who, workitig in the day, could not improve the 
usual opportunities. For the coming year $28,000 for day schools only, and $1,500 
for evening schools were appropriated by the city. Under the able management of 
the Superintendent of Schools, Mr. A. M. Edwards, with a talented corps of assist- 
ants and teachers, the work is conducted thoroughly and satisfactorily, and the finest 
advantages afforded the children of Lewiston. The Free High School is strong and 
progressive in all departments, affording a broad education in the fundamental prin- 
ciples of higher learning, and fitting those who take the classical directly for college. 
The advances made in this department have been correlative with the city's growth, 
and based on the discoveries and laws of modern learning. 

Lewiston has built its prosperity upon a broad and substantial basis of great natural 
advantages, but it also shown the highest energy and skill in making the superstruc- 
ture solid and durable. To the sacrificing and far-reaching efforts of its citizens is 
chiefly due the great success which has worthily rewarded them, and the merit of 
that prosperity is shown both in its substantial nature and promise of endurance, and 
in the moderate and wise manner in which they have made use of it to obtain a 
higher culture and more liberal development as men and citizens. With such a 
history of achievements, and so powerful and highly developed an internal life at 
present, though of course much work is yet to be done in the future, the city of 
Lewiston may face it with confidence and hope. The growth of the past has been 
harmonious along all lines, and at the present time the city presents one of the most 
satisfactory and brilliant pictures of the prosperity and enterprise of New England's 
sturdy race. As the successes and rewards of the past have come as the well-earned 
result of hard, steady efforts and wise planning, so, beyond question, the future con- 
tains yet more happy and prosperous iruits of this progressive spirit on which the 
second greatest city of the Garden State has been firmly and grandly built up. 




Nealey & Miller, Wholesale and Eetail 
Dealers in Groceries, Flour, and Provisions, 
Corner Bates and Mfiin Streets, Lewiston. 
Among the many houses engaged in the 
handling of Groceries and Piovisions in this 
vicinity, that of Nealey & Miller is clearly 
■entitled to be given a leading position, and 
this fact is so generally known that we hardly 
consider it necessary to detail at length our 
reasons for ascribing such prominence to it. 
Cari'ying on business both wholesale and 
retail, this concern as a matter of course must 
dist-.-ibute an immense quantity of goods in the 
course of a year, and although we have no idea 
what the total value of the firm's annual busi- 
ness is. still we feel confident that it is unsur- 
passed in this locality. This representative 
enterprise was inaugurated 1860 as H. Day & 
Co., and later Day & N"ealey, and the existing 
co-partnership was not consummated until 
1882. Ml-. A. B. Nealey is known to many by 
reason of his connection with the State Legis- 
lature, and his associate in business, Mr. C. H. 
Miller, has served the public asa member of the 
City Council. Both of these gentlemen have 
shown that it is possible to utilize in the direc- 
tion of public affairs the same qualities which 
yield success in the prosecution of private busi- 
ness enterprises and it would be well for tax 
payers in general if more of our successful men 
of bu>iness could be elected to protect their 
interests. Messrs. Nealey & Miller carry on an 
establisliment occupying three floors, measur- 
ing 2.5x100 feet and located at the corner of 
Bates and Main Sts. Groceries, Flour, Meats, 
and Provisions are handled very extensively, 
and employment is afforded to twelve assist- 
ants. It is not the practice here, as it is in 
some stores where both kinds of business are 
done to neglect retail for wholesale customers, 
and a prime cause of this concern's general 
popularity is found in the courteous and 
prompt attention given to the smallest buyer. 

Bradford, Couant & Co., Wholesale and 
Retail Dealers in Furniture, Carpets and Drap- 
eries, 199 and 2')I Lisb>n Street, Lewiston. It 
is not hard to guess the reason for the acknowl- 
edged superiority of the goods handled by the 
house of Bradford, Conant & Co.. after inspect- 
ing the stock carried at the spacious warerooms 
on Lisbon Street, for the more thoroughly the 
examiner is acquainted with such goods, the 
more clearly he will be able to appreciate the 
thoroughness with which they are made, and 
the beauty and originality of their designs. 
This business enterprise is one of which every 
public-spirited citizen of Lewiston has reason 
to be proud, for it has been tiouducted for over 
half a century, (having been inaugurated in 
183.5) and has always been under the control of 
men remarkable alike for strict integrity and 
far-seeing enterprise. The founders were 
Messrs. Pinkham & Bradford, who were suc- 
ceeded by the firm of Bradfoi'd & Conant, the 
present style being Bradford, Conant & Co., 
adopted in 1863. As now constituted, the firm 
is made up of Messrs. .J. C. Bradford, and Gran- 
ville Blake, and Mrs. Lucy W. Conant. The 
factory is located at East Auburn, and contains 
three floors, of the dimensions of 100x75 feet. 
The Furniture here produced has found 
its way into many a home, and it presents 
a refreshing contrast to the "ginger-bread 
work," so generally supplied to the public. It 
is made to loear as Avell as to sell, and hence is 
the cheapest, as well as the handsomest, in 
many respects of any in the market. The stock 
of Carpets carried is also worthy of mention, 
for it includes Staple and Standard Goods of 
all grades, and will be found complete in all 
departments, from the cheapest Woolen to the 
most expensive Brussels or Wilton Velvet. 
Customers are at all times assured prompt and 
courteous attention, and not the least induce- 
ment is the perfect confidence which may be 
placed in all representations made. 



The Frauklin Company, Mill and Real 
Estate Owners. Office under DeWitt House, 
Park Street, Lewiston. We have little need to 
remind our readers, or at least such of them as 
are residents of Lewiston or vicinity, of the 
important services that the " Franklin Com- 
pany " has rendered in developing and more 
fully extending the business interests of that 
city for these have been so pronounced and so 
well-applied as to have been in the highest 
degree productive and successful. The Com 
pany to which we have reference was incorpor- 
ated in the year 1854, with a capital of $1,00(),0<)0 
and its stockholders and controlling spirits have 
been from its inception, made up of our most 
prominent and most truly representative citi- 
zens. Among the impoitant and valuable pieces 
of property owned by this organization may be 
mentioned the Lincoln Mills, one half the 
Lewiston Bleachery, the DeWitt House and 
many other buildings, as well as several 
hundred acres of land most eligibly and cen- 
trally located in the city of Lewiston. No 
intelligent person need be told that the estima- 
tion in which the ownership of property in any 
given locality is held, depends very largely upon 
the course of conduct pursued by the heavier 
owners of real estate in that vicinity and. this 
being accepted as a fact, no argument is re- 
quired to show that the gentlemen associated 
together under the name of the Franklin Com- 
pany have exerted a powerful influence in 
maintaining values, as they are all evidently 
strong personal believers in Lewiston and her 
future, and indeed a perusal of the names of the 
Company's officers and directors will show that 
they are those of men who have shown their 
public spirit in many other ways beside those 
connected with their association in the Com- 
pany. Treasurer, Wm. B. Wood ; Clerk and Act- 
ing Agent, Wm. D. Pennell; Directors, Wm. B. 
Wood, Lyman Nichols, Nathan Cushiiig, F. L. 
Richardson, Edward L. Wood. William P. Frye, 
Jacob Edwards. Those desiring to put money 
into real estate for business or investment pur- 
poses would best conserve their own interests 
by ascertaining what the Franklin Company 
has to offer, as it is prepared to dispose of ex- 
tremely desirable property at low figures to the 
right parties. 

T. J. Murphy, "The Hatter," Sign of 
Gold Hat, Lewiston. It is said that the waiters 
in the fashionable hotel dining-rooms in Boston 
and New York, have a habit of looking at the 
name in the hats of strangers whom they are 
called upon to serve, and if it is that of a 
fashionable and high-priced hatter, they will 
show the guest every attention with the expec- 
tation of getting a fat fee, while if it is some 
name unknown to them, they will allow the 
unfortunate owner of the "tile" to nearly 
starve rather than bother with waiting upon 
him. The advantage of procuring a Hat from 
"Murphy, the Hatter," of this city is, that it is 
not necessary to look inside of it to learn its 
superior quality, for this is plainly manifest to 
all who know a good article of the kind when 
they see it. The business carried on by Mr. 
Murphy was founded in 1868, by Messrs. P. P. 
& A. L. Getchell, who were succeeded by the 
present owner in 1873. His celebrity is by no 

means confined to Lewiston, as both a whole- 
sale and a retail business are done throughout 
this portion of the State. The "Sign of the 
Gold Hat" indicates where Mr. Murphy's 
establishment is located, and callers will find 
themselves well repaid as the stock carried is 
so heavy and varied, and the prices so low, as 
to offer exceptional inducements to buyers. 
Gents' Furnishing and Fine Fur Goods are 
handled, as well as Hats, and four competent 
assistants employed. Mr. Muiphy is well- 
known in this city, and was formerly connected 
with the Common Council. He has done much 
to advance our local business interests, and 
fully deserves the personal popularity he enjoys. 

H. H. l>ickey & Son. Top Roll Coverers; 
Manufacturers of Leather Beltins:. Loom Straps 
and Pickers, and Dealers in Rubber Belting, 
Roller, Clearer and Slasher Cloths, Lacings, 
Rivets, etc., Main Street, near the Canal, Lew- 
iston. This, of course, is not the proper place 
in which to present an essay on the economical 
transmission of power, but, nevertheless, the 
importance of the subject is so great that one 
might well be pardoned for discussing it at 
almost any time. Although the various indus- 
trial journals throughout the country have had 
much to say on this question, still it may be 
truly stated that the majority of our manufac- 
turers do not properly appreciate the great gain 
which may be often made by proper attention 
to this single detail of their establishments. 
Where power is transmitted by means of belts, 
their material, construction and adjustment 
have much to do with their efficiency, and in 
the single matter of adjustment alone, it is 
obvious that whether a belt be so loose as to 
slip excessively, or so tight as to induce unnec- 
essary wear upon the bearings as well as upon 
itself, there must be a waste of power, and con- 
sequently a sacrifice of efficiency. We need 
not go into a consideration of the influence of 
material, etc., upon the comparative economy 
of belting, but will simply state that care exer- 
cised in the selection of either Leather or Rub- 
ber Belting, will be amply repaid. One of the 
best known houses in this .State, in connection 
with the manufacture and sale of Belts, is that 
of H. H. Dickey & Son, and an evidence of the 
esteem in which the goods they handle are held, 
is seen in their already large and steadily in- 
creasing business. Operations were begun in 
18.'54, by Mr. H. H. Dickey, and just twenty-two 

! years later the firm-name became as at present. 

I Mr. William Dickey has now sole charge of the 
extensive business, and that he proposes to 

1 fully maintain the prestige of the establishment 

j is seen by the care exercised in the manufac- 
ture and selection of the goods offered for sale. 

] He is a native of Nashua, N. H., and a member 

j of the Masons and Odd Fellows. Three floors 
are occupied, measuring 00x40 feet, and ten 
assistants employed, orders being promptly 
filled and shipped all through the States. 

1 Leather Belting is extensively manufactured, 

I and Rubber Belting, Roller, Clearer, and Slasher 
Cloths, Lacings, Rivets, etc., are dealt in largely. 
Blacksmiths' Aprons, Loom Straps, Pickers, 

I etc., are also in stock, and all goods are supplied 

I at the lowest market rates. 



R. C Piagrree*& Co., manufacturers of 
Long and Short Lumber, office 136 Main Street, 
Lewiston. The Lumber interests of this section 
would be but very imperfectly represented in 
these pages, were not mention made of the 
house of R. C. Pingree & Co., and this would 
still be the case, if every other house engaged 
in this line of trade were treated of to the ex- 
clusion of the one mentioned, for this concern, 
since its establishment in 1855, has taken a po- 
sition among the leaders in the leading industry 
of Maine. Business was commenced by Messrs. 
S. R. Bearce & Co., just about a third of a cen- 
tury ago. and it has been continued under the 
present style since 1875. Mr. K. C. Pingeee is a 
native of New Hampshire, while Mr. S. R. B. 
Pingree was born in this State and in this city. 
Mr. Pingree, senior, is a Justice of the Peace, 
and stands very high in the Masonic Fraternity. 
It is impossible, considering the limited space 
at our disposal to give any adequate description 
of the extensive manufacturing plant which this 
house is obliged to maintain, in order to keep 
pace with the orders received, but some faint con- 
ception of its magnitude may perhaps be gained 
from the statement that the annual output 
amounts to about 22,000.000 feet, equally divided 
between Long and Short Lumber. Employment 
is afforded to one hundred and seventy- five hands 
and both a wholesale and retail business i^ done. 
A three hundred horse-power engine is required 
in combination with extensive water-power, to 
run the necessary ma- 
chinery, and the facil- 
ities at hand are so large 
and so admirably ar- 
ranged as to permit the 
prompt and accurate fill- 
ing of orders at all times. 
An extensive Planing- 
Mill is maintained, run 
by water-power, in which 
every kind of Moulding 
and House Trimming is 
manufactured. We need 
not say that this concern 
is a credit to the city, for 
that is self-evident, but 
we must take this oppoi"- 
tunity to express our ap- 
preciation of the sterling integrity which char- 
acterizes its management. 

W- W. Ellis, Fine Paper, Envelopes and Mis- 
cellaneous Stationery, Engraved Wedding and 
Visiting Cards, a Specialty. No. 2 Frye Block, 
Lisbon Street, Lewiston. What must without 
doubt be considered as one of the leading 
houses of the kind in this State, is that con- 
ducted by Mr. W. W. Ellis at No. 2 Frye Block, 
Lisbon Street. This enterprise has been In 
operation since 1880, and from the first has 
been characterized by liberal yet discriminat- 
ing management, and by the honorable method 
employed in every department. Mr. Ellis was 
born in Boston, Mass., and is very generally 
known throughout Lewiston and viciuity. The 
premises utilized by him comprise two floors 
of the dimensions of 75x25 feet, and an im- 
mense stock is carried, consisting of Fine 
Paper, Envelopes and Miscellaneous Stationery, 
Blank-books, Art Goods, Albums, etc., together 
with Pictures, Picture Frames, and similar 

articles of utility and ornament. Special atten- 
tion is given to Mercantile Printing, .ind those 
who contemplate having anything done in thi? 
line would do well to examine the advantages 
offered by Mr. Ellis, as he is prepared to furnish 
thoroughly artistic work, and no merchanc can 
afford to have his printing done in a cheap and 
inferior manner. Orders are filled at short 
notice, and no fancy prices are quoted. En- 
graved Wedding and Visiting Cards are another 
specialty, and this concern is an authority as 
regards correct style in the getting up of tliese 
useful little messengers. The assortment of 
Art Goods, Pictures, etc., shown is much too 
extensive to allow of our de^cribing it, but it is 
well worth visiting and ranks favorably with 
that offered at a much more pretentious 
establishment. Picture Frames are made to 
order at prices as low as the lowest, and can be 
supplied at very short notice. 

E. S. Paul & Co., Wholesale and Retail 
Dealers in Dry and Fancy Goods. 174 Lisbon 
Street, Lewiston. There is more than one 
house in this city engaged in the handling of 
Dry and Fancy Goods, of which no public- 
spirited citizen of Lewiston has any rea>on to 
be ashamed, but among them all we question if 
one could be found more worthy of the highest 
praise and appreciation than that conducted by 
Messrs. E. S. Paul & Co.. ac No. 174 Lisbon St. 
We feel no doubt but that we will be supported 
in this assertion by a large majority of those 
acquainted with the facts in the case, as the 
record of this house has been such as to merit 
its receiving the highest confidence and most 
liberal support of residents of this vicinity. 
Business was begun in 1867, under the style of 
Goddard &, Paul, and was so continued up to 
1876, when the present firm-name was adopted. 
As now constituted, the firm is made up of Mr. 
E. S. Paul, a native of Buxton, Mr. A. W. 
Fowles, who was born in Whitefield, and Mr. 
W. A. Paul, who claims Auburn as his birth- 
place. We need not allude to these gentlemen 
further personally, other than to remark that 
the senior partner has been a member of the 
Auburn Board of Aldermen, and was connected 
with the School Committee of that city. The 
firm occupy four floors of the dimensions of 
100x50 feet, to carry on their extensive opera- 
tions, and give employment to thirty assistants. 
Dry and Fancy Goods of every variety are con- 
stantly in stock, and a wholesale, retail and 
manufacturing business is done. Cloaks and 
Dresses being made very extensively. A special 
feature of the business is the manufacture and 
sale of ladies' outside garments, of which a full 
assortment of all sizes and prices is carried. 
These are warranted first-class in every respect. 
Low prices prevail in every department, and 
only reliable goods are handled. 

Jas. A. Johnson, Manufacturer of Doors, 
Sash and Blinds, Glazed Windows, Door and 
Window Frames. Factory, Cross Canal, Lewis- 
ton. There is going to be an active demand for 
Doors, Blinds, etc., as long as houses are built and 
occupied and as this is the case, it follows that 
no line of business is more staple and firmly es- 
tablished than that of the Door and Blind Man- 
ufacturer. Mr. James A. Johnson of this city is 



very prominently identified with the industry in 
question, for he has carried on his present 
establisliment since 1SS5 (at which date he 
succeeded Mr. J. Miller, who began operations 
in 1872), and has built up a heavy and increas- 
ing patronas^e. Mr. Johnson was born in 
Parsonfield, Me., and is well known in Lewis- 
ton and vicinity. His facilities for furnishing 
Doors, Sash, Blinds, etc., are of the best, and 
he is entirely competent to meet all reasonable 
demands as regards the character of his pro- 
ductions and the celerity with which orders 
are filled. Employment is given to five assist- 
ants, and the latest improved machinery is 
utilized in the handling of stock. Building 
operations have been greatly simplified by the 
establislament and the successful results at- 
tained by such enterprises as this, and the 
cost of building has also been materially 

Dousrlass & Cook, Books, Stationery, 
Paper Hangings, Window Shades, Pictures and 
Frames. Frames Made to Order. 188 Lisbon 
Street, Lewiston. "A beautiful store and an 
elegant stock" is perhaps as short and yet as 
eorrect a description as can be given of the 
establishment carried on under the firm name 
of Douglass & Cook at No. 188 Lisbon Street, 
and if business relations ai-e entered into with 
this house, it will be found that the favorable 
impression first made will only be deepened 
and added to. This enterprise was inaugurated 
about a score of years ago by Mr. Oscar G. 
Douglass, who was born in this State, and has 
been City Marshal of Lewiston. In 1872, the 
firm of Douglass & Cook was formed, and, 
although Mr. Cook retired about 12 years later, 
the business has been continued by the senior 
partner since without change of style. The 
premises in use are of the dimensions of 9.3 x 3.5 
feet, and comprise one fioor and a basement. 
Employment is afforded to three efficient assist- 
ants, and a really remarkable assortment of 
goods is carried, including Books, Stationery, 
Window Shades, Pictures, Frames and Paper 
Hangings. These latter, although we have 
placed them last upon the list, are well worthy 
of careful examination, for Mr. Douglass does a 
very large business in the sale of Wall Paper, 
and at all times is prepared to supply the latest 
novelties and the most approved designs at the 
lowest market rates. He handles the produc- 
tions of the best manufacturers in the country, 
and his goods are sure to give satisfaction. 
Pictures are also dealt in very extensively, and 
Paintings, Engravings, Etchings, Photographs, 
etc., are shown in great variety. A specialty is 
made of the manufacture of Picture Frames to 
Order, and some decided bargains may be had 
in this line, while a full supply of the leading 
Papers and Periodicals is always on hand. 

Abrani Atwood, Wholesale and Retail 
Dealer in Meat, Fruit, Vegetables and Fish. 
Oysters a specialty in their season. 1.59 Lisbon 
Street, Lewiston. Those who have done busi- 
ness with Mr. Abram Atwood long enough to 
have become familiar with his methods and the 
excellence of his service, need not be advised to 
patronize his establishment in the future, but as 

there are doubtless many apmong our readers 
who have not had this experience we think it 
will be both pleasant and well-advised for us to- 
call attention to some of the many advantages 
he has to offer. To begin with his store is a 
fine and commodious one (60x2.5 feet in size 
and including one floor and a basement) and it 
is very completely fitted up for the carrying on 
of the business in the best possible manner. 
Dealing as he does in such perishable com- 
modities as Meat, Fish, Oysters, Fruit, Vege- 
tables, etc., Mr. Atwood has spared no expense 
to provide the most approved means of preserv- 
ing the same when the weather is warm or 
otherwise unfavorable, and he has found his 
reward in the character of his patronage, for no 
one likes to purchase articles of food which 
have been improperly cared for. He was born 
in Wellfleet, Mass., and is widely and favorably 
known in Lewiston and also in Auburn where 
he has been in this business for 20 years. A 
large and varied stock is at all times carried of 
the goods we have mentioned, and during their 
season a specialty is made of the sale of 
Oysters. All the most popular varieties of 
these delicious bivalves being handled. Three 
assistants are employed and all orders promptly 
and satisfactorily filled. 

S. A. Cuinming'S, Manufacturer of Con- 
fectionery, 228 Main Street, Lewiston. The 
progress made in every department of manu- 
facture of late years has not failed to include 
that of Confectionery, and such of our readers 
as like sweets can now congratulate themselves 
that never before was it possible to secure Con- 
fections of such excellent quality at the present 
low prices. Although the immoderate con- 
sumi^tion of Candy is doubtless hurtful, (as is 
also that of Beef or any other article of food), 
still it is now generally conceded by physicians 
that Confectionery is entirely harmless when 
used as it should be, and common sense cor- 
roborates this view of the subject, as evidences 
are afforded on every side that its habitual use 
is not at all incompatible with the most ex- 
huberant health. It is to be taken for granted 
of course, that pure goods only shall be used, 
and such are by no means hard to obtain here 
in Lewiston, as Mr. S. A. Cnmmines, of No. 223 
Main Street, is prepared to furnish tliem in any 
desired quantity, either at wholesale or retail. 
He is a manufacturer as well as a dealer, and 
hence is able to put his prices down t'> the 
lowest notch at which first-class materials can 
be furnished. The premises utilized are 75x30 
feet in dimensions, and three capable and 
efficient assistants are employed. Not only 
Confectionery, but also Fruits, Tobacco, Cigars, 
etc., are handled, and those capable of appre- 
ciating a fine glass of Soda Water will find Mr. 
Cummings ready to supply the purest and most 
delicious Fruit Syrups in combination with 
Fresh and Sparkling Soda. This gentleman is a 
native of Belgrade, Me., and has been a mem- 
ber of our City Council, was Clerk of Board of 
Overseers of Poor for five years. Deputy Sheriff" 
of Androscoggin County, and is now City 
Marshal. He begun operations here in 1884, 
and has made hosts of friends by integrity and 
close attention to business. 



Jordan, Frost & Co., Eastern, Western 
and Southern Lumber, Mouldings, Gutters and 
Brackets, Steam Planing Mill and Lumber Yard 
Foot of Cross Canal, Lewiston. It has long 
been known to builders and others interested, 
that the house of Jordan, Frost ife Co., offered 
special advantages to those desiring lumber of 
any description and the result has been that the 
firm in question has done a very large and pros- 
Ijerous business Although we have spoken in 
the past tense it is to be understood that the 
same desirable condition of affairs exists at the 
present time, as indeed no one could doubt who 
is familiar with the honorable business methods 
employed and the low rates at which goods are 
supplied. This representative enterprise was 
inaugurated some twenty years ago under the 
present firm name, the gentlemen carrying it 
on being Messrs. A. E. Frost and F. M. Jordan. 
These gentlemen are now the sole proprietors,' 
and Mr. Wm. Jordan's interest having been 
purchased by the other partners in ]8S6, are 
extremely well-known in this community. Mr. 
Frost is a native of Tewksbury, Mass., while his 
associate in business was born in Auburn, Me. 
Eastern, Western and Soutliern Lumber is very 
extensively liandled, and Mouldings, Gutters 
and Brackets are manufactured in considerable 
quantities, a steam planing mill being run at 
the foot of Cross Canal. A specialty is made 
of kiln-dried hard wood flooring and sheathing. 
Employment is given to twenty men and great 
pains are taken to insure the prompt and 
accurate filling of all orders. 

Lewiston Machine Co., opposite Upper 
Maine Central Depot, Lewiston. The manufac- 
ture of textile machinery is one of the great in- 
dustries of the country, and it is one that can- 
not be carried on successfully unless conserva- 
tism be combined with enterprise, and economy 
with liberal business methods. This may seem 
a contradiction of terms, but it is only appar- 
ently so, and every manufacturer will appre- 
hend our real meaning, which is economy as to 
every detail of manufacture, but enlightened 
liberality as regards the acquisition of desirable 
patents and the employment of the best availa- 
ble skill. Many changes have been made in 
American textile machinery within the last 
quarter-century, and as a rule it is run over one 
third faster than was formerly the case. Eng- 
lish mill-owners and operatives visiting this 
country always remark this, and it is generally 
understood that man for man. the production 
of a cotton or woolen mill here is considerably 
greater than in the Old Country. Higher speed 
involves the necessity of moie perfect design 
and construction, and it is owing to the perfec- 
tion which its products in the shape of Textile 
Machinery have.attained, that the Lewiston Ma- 
chine Company is in so prosperous a condition. 
It was organized in 1864, witii a capital of $100,- 
000, and has for its present officers and dii ectors 
the following widely-known gentlemen : Pres- 
ident, C. I. Barker; Treasurer, F. Kelley ; Agent, 
R. C. I^eynolds; Directors, N. Dingley, jr., John 
W. Farwell. C. I. Barker, E. S. Davis, James 
Dempsey, E. T. Gile, and L. L. Shaw. An ex- 
tremely elaborate and costly plant is maintained, 
including one of the best foundries in the State, 
and employ mtnt is given to two hundred hands. 

The furnishing of strictly reliable and first-class 
Machinery at the lowest market rates is the aim 
of those having this enterprise in charge, and 
the large and increasing sales show that this de- 
sign is fully and satisfactorily carried out. The 
works are located opposite the Upper Maine 
Central Depot, and co\er a considerable area of 

Hortou & Peirce, Dealers in Rubber 
Goods, 87 Lisbon Street, Lewiston. So general 
and important are the applications which have 
been made of Rubber Goods, that they have be- 
come one of the great necessities of civilization 
in this climate at all events, and by their judi- 
cious use, enough can be saved in doctor's bills 
in the course of a year to more than square the 
account. To begin with, everybody ought to 
have a pair of Rubber Boots. When we say 
everybody, we mean everybody, — young or old, 
rich or poor, and these indispensable articles 
are now supplied at such low rates that they 
are within the means of all. It is always the 
truest economy, however, to get a good quality 
of Rubber Goods, and this may be done by 
patronizing the establishment conducted by 
Messrs. Horton & Peirce. at No. 87 Lisbon 
Street, for these gentlemen carry one of the 
most complete stocks in the State of Maine, 
comprising all grades and kinds of Rubber 
Goods, and will fully guarantee every article 
sold to prove precisely as represented. They 
po a wholesale and retail business, and occupy 
one floor of the dimensions of 3.'3x40 feet, to- 
gether with a basement of the same size. 
Among the articles in stock, the following may 
beenumerated: Ladies' and Gents' Mackintosh 
Garments; Gents' and Boys' Rubber Coats, 
in all weights and sizes; Ladies', Misses' 
and Children's Rubber Circulars, in various 
colors. Special attention given to Ladies' 
Cloth Surface Garments, in all latest close- 
fitting styles. Cotton and Rubber Hose, all 
weights and sizes; Elastic Stockings, Anklets, 
Leggins, Armlets, etc., made to order on short 
notice. Elastic Bands in great variety. White 
Hospital Sheeting, Bandage Gum and Sheet 
Horse Cover's and Hoods. Wagon Boots, 
Blankets. Nursing Bottles, with Fittings, Nip- 
ples, Tubes and Brushes. Lycoming & Good- 
year Glove Rubber Boots, and Foot-Weai- in all 
styles. Rubber Hai.s, Gloves, Mittens, Tubing, 
Mats, Leggins. Aprons, Crib Sheets, Dress 
Shields, Capes, Bibs, Sponge Bags, etc. Foot- 
Balls, Dolls, Rattles, Combs, Chair Tips, Corks, 
Face Bags, Cots, Ice Bags, Pants, Matting, Stair 
Treads, Window Cleaner.>. etc. Physicians' 
Supplies and Druggists' Sundries, Air and 
Water Beds, Pillows, Cushions, Rings, Syringes, 
Atomizers, Tubing, Hot Water Bottles, and the 
list might be almost indefinitely extended. 
But enough has been said to give an idea of the 
resources of the establishment, and no one 
wishing anything made of Rubber can afford to 
let this store remain unvisited. A full stock of 
Gents' Furnishing Goods has recently been 
jidded, which are sold at low prices. Mr. W. R. 
Horton is a native of Reading, Mass , while Mr. 
A. F. Peirce was born in Waltham, in the same 
State, and these gentlemen possess advantages 
in the handling of the articles mentioned, 
which would be hard to parallel elsewhere. 



D. B. Stevens, Manufacturer of Doors, 
Blinds, Sash, etc., o4 Main Street, Lewiston. An 
establishment which has come to be known by 
builders and others as the headquarters for 
Carpenters' Supplies and 
similar articles, is that 
carried on by Mr. D. B. 
Stevens at No. 34 Main 
Street. Business was be- 
gun by Mr. Stevens in 
1871, and he has steadily 
increased the scope of his 
operations until now cus- 
Itomers throughout this 
section are supplied. He 
is a native of Woodstock, Me., and is very wide- 
ly known in Lewiston and vicinity, and a mem- 
ber of the Fiee Masons :nid Grand Army. The 
premises occupied for the storage and sale of 
goods comprise two floors of the dimensions of 
75X.S0 feet, and an extensive stock is constantly 
carrien of Doors. Sash, Blinds, Door and Win- 
dow Frames, Glazed Windows. Mouldings, 
Brackets, etc., as well as a complete assortment 
of Carpenters' Supplies, including Butts, Knobs, 
Locks, Weights, Cord, etc. Many of these 
goods are manufactured by Mr. Stevens at his 
Planing Mill on Cross Canal, which occupies 
two floors, measuring 40 x 60 feet, and requires 
about 10-horse power to run the machinery 
used. Employment is given to ten assistants, 
and we must not forget to mention that an im- 
portant- department of the business is the paint- 
ing of blinds to order, this work being done in 
the very l»est manner and at short notice. IjOW 
prices prevail at Mr. Stevens' establishment. 
and ordt-rs are promptly and accurately filled, 

J. B. Ham & Co., Millers. Flour, Grain 
and Feed. Mill and Office in Grand Trunk 
Yard, Lewiston. It is impossible to make a 
review of the leading industries of Lewiston 
and vicinity without the attention soon being 
called to the trade in Flour, Grain, Feed, etc., 
for this is of so much importance that it occu- 
pies a very high comparative position when the 
totals for each branch of trade are footed up, 
and engages the best efforts of some of the 
most prominent of our citizens. There, for in- 
stance, is the firm of J. B. Ham & Co. This 
house begun operations in 1872, and has now 
built up a business which easily entitles it to a 
position in the very front rank of those con- 
cerns conducting similar establishments. Since 
the decease of Mr. J. B. Ham, which occurred 
in September, 1888, the business has been con- 
ducted by his son. E. J. Ham, under the same 
firm-name. Mr. Ham is a native of IvCwiston. 
The senior partner was the first Mayor of this 
city, and held the oflice for two terms; also 
had been Ilepresentative to the Legislature. A 
large and admirably equipped Grist Mill is 
maintained, located in Grand Trunk Yard, and 
Flour. Grain, Feed, etc., are handled very ex- 
tensively — Grinding in car lots being done, 
many wholesale houses being supplied. Em- 
ployment is given to six assistants, and 
every order is assured early and careful atten- 
tion. No lower rates are fixed anywhere, and 
that the advantages ottered are fully appreciated 
is evidenced by the steadily increasing busi- 
ness done. 

The Bearce & Cliflford Construction 
Company. Teams for Heavy Trucking fur- 
nished at Lowest Cash Prices. No. 242 Hay- 
market Square, Lewiston. It is becoming more 
and more the custom — in fact, it may be said to 
be a well-nigh universal practice at the pi'esent 
day — to do work of any magnitude on the 
"contract system," and, although some objec- 
tions have doubtless been raised to this method 
of doing business, they have been aimed more 
directly at the employment of irresponsible 
parties than at the system itself. As prominent 
and widely-known a firm of contractors as can be 
found in this State, is that of The Bearce & Clif- 
ford Construction Company, whose office is at 
No. 242 Haymarket Square, and the reputation of 
this concern for probity and entire reliability is 
as high as the operations of the firm are exten- 
sive. One of the latest examples of their work 
is that afforded by the dam built for the Little 
Androscoggin Water Power Company, at 
Auburn, in the construction of whidi a force of 
ninety men was employed night and day. Mr. 
S R. Bearce is a native of this State, while Mr. 
J. D. Clifford was born in Columbus, Ohio, 
both gentlemen being connected with the 
Board of Trade, and Mr. Bearce with the Odd 
Fellows. Contracts will be entered into for the 
l^uilding of Masonry of any description, and 
the experience and facilities of this concern are 
such that it has but little to fear from competi- 
tion when good work is demanded. A very large 
Trucking business is also done, in which em- 
ployment is given to twenty-five men, sixty 
horses and twenty two trucks. Teams are fur- 
nished at the lowest cash prices, and first-class 
service in every respect is guaranteed. The 
shortest notice only is required "to assure the 
supplying of transportation facilities in any 
desired amount, and very low rates are made 
on large orders. 

K. C. Doiig"las, Dealer in Groceries, and 
Provisions, Meats and Fish, also Fruits and 
Confectionery. No. 2.59 Lisbon Street, Lewiston. 
The establishment carried on by Mr. E. C. 
Douglas at No. 2.59 Lisbon Street has been 
known to the public for a number of years, but 
has never borne a higher reputation than it has 
since the present proprietor assumed control in 
1884. Mr. Douglas is well known about town 
being a prominent business man and was a 
member of the City Council for 1886-87, and his 
trade is rapidly and steadily increasing, under 
the influence of the close attention he gives to 
the wants of the public? The store utilized 
measures 6.5xoO feet and the stock ou hand is 
remarkable alike for extent and variety. It 
comprises Choice Family Groceries, Provisions, 
Meats and Fish, together with fall lines of 
Fruit and Confectionery. It w^ll thus be seen 
that a full assortment of household supplies is 
to be had at this one store and not a few people 
recognize the advantages of doing all their 
marketina' atone establishment and place their 
orders with Mr. Douglas. He employs two 
competent and polite assistants, and as long as 
he adheres to his present practice of giving a 
full equivalent for every cent he receives, he 
may confidently rely on the continued favor of 
the public. Goods are promptly delivered and 
are sure to prove as represented. 



Li. W; Ballard, sole agent for the cel- 
ebrated Knabe Piauos, also Orf^ans and 
Sheet Music, Lewiston. A piano or an 
organ costs a good deal of money, even 
when supplied at the lowest possible rates 
and very few people can afford to invest 
such a sum without being assured that 
they are getting value for value. It is 
owing to the comparatively high price 
which must be put on a tirst-class instru- 
ment that some unscrupulous dealers 
offer pianos and organs intrinsically 
worthless, at much lower rates than can 
be made on any article of merit. If you 
wish a piano, buy it of a responsible 
house, for such can sell (food instiuments 
as cheap as anybody and a poor one is 
dear at any price. If any information is 
desired relative to musical instruments 
or merchandise, call on Mr. L. W. Ballaid, 
under Music Hall, and he will be found wil- 
ling and able to lend all necessary aid. 
He began the sale of Pianos, etc., here in 
1867, and now conducts one of the finest 
establishments of the kind in the State, acting 
as sole agent for the celebrated Knabe Pianos, 
as well Hs those produced by Behr Biotliers of 
New Yoik, and the Emerson Piano t'o , of Bos- 
ton, while he also represents the K^tey Organ 
Co.. which in our opinion makes the finest cub- 
inet organ in llie world. Sheet Music, Instruc- 
tion Books,— in fact everything in the musical 
line, may be obtained through Mr. Ballard at 
the lowest maiket rates. His goods are fully 
guaranteed and his representations may be im- 
plicitly relied upon. 

Clias. H. Jumper, Brass Founder; Manu- 
facturer of all kinds of Brass and Composition 
Castings, and Zincs for Batteries. Shop, corner 
of Canal and Asli Streets, Lewiston. As it is 
often of great importance to know where Brass 
or Composition Castings may be made of fine 
finish and accurate proportions, we take this 
opportunity of calling the attention of those in- 
terested, to the establishment of Mr. Charles 
H. Jumper, at the corner of Canal and Ash 
Streets, for facilities are there at hand for the 
casting of such materials in a thoroughly first- 
class manner, and the work which has been 
turned out in the past is an assurance of what 
may confidently be expected in the future. 
The ente rprise was inaugurated in 1867, by Mr. 
John F. Loomis, and passed under the control 
of its present proprietor some twelve years later. 
Mr. Jumper was born in New Gloucester, Me. , 
and is connected with the Free Masons. He is 
a thorough mechanic himself, and only employs 
such to assist him, and as a consequence his 
establishment has attained a reputation for fine 
and accurate work, which is as high as it is 
deserved. One floor is occupied of the dimen- 
sions of 25x40 feet, and Brass and Composition 
Castings, Zincs for Batteries, etc., are manufac- 
tured to order. Also, Weights for trotting 
horses are manufactured to order. Especial 
attention is given to the making of Models, and 
those realizing the importance of having such 
made in the very best manner, would do well to 
patronize Mr. Jumper, when they have occasion 
for skillful work of this kind. Repairing is also 
done at short notice, and all prices are fair and 

Thomas Vauglian, Dealer in Furniture, 
Carpeting, Coffins, Caskets, and Robes. No. 
281 and 233 Lisbon Street, Lewiston. Although 
it is unquestionably true that the furniture 
dealers of Lewiston and vicinity are many and 
enterprising, still there are some houses in this 

line of business that are particularly worthy of 
patronage, and we have no hesitation in saying 
that one of the foremost of these is that of 
which Mr. Thomas Vaughan is the proprietor, 
located in his new building at 231 and 233 
Lisbon Street. Mr. Vaughan ought to under- 
stand his business by this time at any rate, for 
he has carried it on for nearly a quarter of a 
century, having founded it in 186-5. He occu- 
pies premises comprising five floors of the 
dimensions of 7-'>x25 feet, and carries a stock of 
Furniture, Car])ets, etc., such as only a dealer 
of ability and experience could get together. 
It embraces goods of all grades and prices and, 
coming from the most reputable manufacturers, 
is guaranteed to prove as represented in every 
instance. Whether you want to spend $1U0 or 
one-tenth that sum on furniture, call on Mr. 
Vaughan and you will get polite attention, 
prompt service and satisfactory goods at bottom 
prices. Undertaking is made a special branch 
of the business, and a complete stock of Coffins, 
Caskets, Robes, and Funeral Goods of all 
descriptions, is always on hand. Everything 
necessary will be furnished if desired, includ- 
ing Hearses, Hacks, etc., and the charges are 
made as low as the nature of the accommoda- 
tions supplied will permit. Mr. Vaughan is a 
well-known citizen and is very generally and 
highly esteemed in the community. 



Richards & Merrill, Merchant Tailors, 
and dealers in Ready-Made Clothinsr and Gents' 
Furnishing Goods, Lyceum Hall Block, Lis^bon 
Street, Lewiston. Important as the Clothing 
trade is in this city and numerous and influen 
tial as are the houses engaged in it, there is no 
difficulty experienced in choosing the represen- 
tative and leading concern in this line of busi- 
ness, for no one acquainted with the facts in the 
case would think of disputing the claims of 
Messrs. Richards & Merrill to that honor. This 
firm began operations in 1S5?>, so that the 
first quarter-century of its existence has now 
been reached, and one might search very long 
amongst the history of the business enterprises 
of this State before coming across a record 
which would parallel in all respects that held 
by the house alluded to. One ot its most prom- 
inent characteristics is keeping faith with its 
customers. Messrs. Richards & Merrill never 
intentionally allow an article to leave their store 
which will not prove in eacli and every respect 
fully equal to the representations made concern- 
ing it, and as a consequence those who know 
the firm best place the most implicit confidence 
in its promises and statements. Mr. D. O. Rich- 
ards is a native of Durham, while Mr- J. L, 
Merrill was born in Yarmouth, and both these 
gentlemen are members of the Royal Arcanum, 
and are likewise connected with the Board of 
Trade. Two floors are utilized of tlie dimen- 
sions of 85x30 feet, and the stock of Ready- 
Made Clothing and Gents' Furnishing Goods 
carried is one of the largest in the entire State, 
and certainly the most extensive in this portion 
of it. Suits are on hand of all sizes and styles, 
and those wishing garments which can be de- 
pended upon should visit this establishment 
where they will find courteous attention and 
low prices. All grades of Ready-Made Clothing 
are handled, and for those who prefer custom 
work special provision is made, a department of 
the store being exclusively assigned to this 
branch and the most skillful and experienced 
tailors employed. Satisfaction is guaranteed 
and no exorbitant rates are charged. 

E. H. Hutchins, Grocer, 2.5 Main Street 
Lewiston. If there were no other reason for 
making mention of the establishment conduct- 
ed by Mr. E. H. Hutchins at Xo. 25 Main Street, 
than that of its long standing, it would still be 
worthy of a place in our columns, for this is 
the oldest grocery store in the city, having been 
opened about a half-century ago. But Mr. 
Hutchins is not dependent upon this fact for 
the celebrity his enterprise has attained, but 
rather is it due to the methods which have gov- 
erned its manaeement since he assumed posses- 
sion in 1875. lie is a native of Rumford, Me., of 
which town he was formerly postmaster. Mr. 
Hutchins has largely increased the tiade of the 
establishment of which he is now proprietor, and 
has done so by a very simple process — making 
it desirable to do business there. He has proved 
to the satisfaction of the public that he handles 
rehable goods, that he guarantees them to prove 
as represented, that he extends courteous treat- 
ment towaid all and that his prices are as low 
as the lowest. Under these circumstances his 
success is not to be wondered at. A very large 
and varied stock i.s carried and three active and 
polite assistants are at hand to give all orders 
prompt and careful attention. 

Charles A. AhlM>tt, Apothecary, corner 
liisbon and Main Streets, Lewiston. One of 
the oldest established of the kind in 
Lewit.ton, is that conducted by Mr. Charles A. 
Abbott, at the corner of Lisbon and Main 
Streets. This undertaking was founded over 
thirty years ago, and passed through several 
hands before coming into the possession of its 
present proprietor, in 1884. Mr. Abbott was 
born in Dover, New Hanipshiie, and is a mem- 
ber of the Masons and Knights of Honor. The 
premises utilized by him aie of the dimensions 
of .35x25 feet, and are very completely fitted up 
for the carrying on of a first class retail Apothe- 
cary business. The stock, which includes Drugs, 
Medicines, Toilet Articles, etc., is both large 
and well-selected, and has been chosen with a 
special view to the cariying on of an extensive 
Prescription trade. It comprises Standard 
Drugs, etc., from the most reputable producers 
aud wholesalers in the country, and is thorough- 
ly desirable in every respect. Mr. Abbott; is 
also well provided with all the necessary appar- 
atus for the handling, mixing, etc., of the 
articles which he deals in, and not the least 
popular feature of his establishment is the 
maintainance of the lowest possible prices in 
every department. Pains are taken to give all 
callers prompt and polite attention, and Pre- 
scriptions are filled without undue delay, at all 

Daniel Allen & Co., Manufacturers of 
and Dealers in Furniture, Cofiins, Caskets, 
Robes, etc. Also, Carpetings of all kinds. No. 
225 Lisbon Street, opposite Post Oflice, Lewis- 
ton. It is but right that among the most prom- 
inent business enterprises of this city, mention 
should be made of that conducted by Messrs. 
Daniel Allen & Co., at No. 225 Lisbon Street, 
opposite tbe Post-office, for this establishment 
is one of the largest in this portion of the State, 
and it has attained its present size by hard 
work and intelligent management on the part 
of those carrying it on. The inauguration of 
the enterprise in question, was in the year 1870, 
by Messrs. Carter, Allen & Maxwell, and the 
l^resent firm-name was adopted some fourteen 
years later. Mr. Allen is anative of Bowdoin,Me., 
aud formerly connected with the School Commit- 
tee in that place and iu Webster, afterwaid being 
a member of the Common Council of this city. 
JStr. Allen, whose death occurred iu March, 1888, 
since which date the business has been in 
charge of iMr. William Allen, who was with him 
for three yeais previous, was very well and 
favorably known in Lewiston and vicinity, and 
the house bearing his name was the first to an- 
nounce that it was prepared to undertake the 
entire charge of funerals, its services in this 
capacity, being of a very liigh order of merit 
and in great demand. Embalming, etc., will 
be done in accordance with the most approved 
modern methods, and Coffins, Caskets, Robes, 
etc., are supplied at the very lowest rates. The 
premises occupied compiise five floors of the 
dimensions of 100x25 feet, and a magnificent 
assortment of Carpets aud Furniture is shown, 
including goods of all patterns and grades, aud 
the productions of some of the best manufac- 
turers in the country. Employment is afforded 
to eight assistants, and we need hardly say that 
every article sold is guaranteed to prove just as 




O. W. Kimball & Co., Druggists and 
Apothecaries, Jobbers and Retailers of extra 
quality of Spruce Gum, 260 Lisbon Street. Lew- 
iston. The amount of Spruce Gum which is 
annually marketed in this State would surprise 
many of our readers, and indeed it is hard to 
realize what becomes of the immense quantity 
produced. That Spruce Gum is the only gum 
fit to use, is becoming more clearly understood 
every day, and provided it be of first-class 
quality there can be but little doubt that it is 
not only non-injurious, but in some cases posi- 
tively beneficial. The house of O. W. Kimball 
& Co., of this city, has gained an extended I'ep- 
utation for fair dealing and strictly honorable 
business methods, but we question if it has 
established a higher name in any special depart- 
ment than it has in that devoted to the hand- 
ling of Spruce Gum, which it is prepared to 
supply, either at wholesale or retail, at the 
lowest market rates. One floor is occupied of 
the dimensions of 55x2.5 feet, and an extremely 
varied stock is on hand, comprising Drugs, 
Medicines, Chemicals, Cutlery, and Druggists' 
Sundries of about every description. Business 
was begun in 1874, under the present firm 
name, and since that date a trade has been 
built up which need not shrink from compari- 
son with that of any similar establishment in 
this city. Mr. Kimball is a native of Augusta, 
and a member of the Odd Fellows. Employ- 
ment is afforded to three courteous and 
thoroughly competent assistants, and either 
wholesale or retail orders will receive early and 
careful attention. The assortment of Medi- 
cines, Drugs, etc., is most complete, and it is 
therefore possible for this house to guarantee 
satisfaction in the filling of prescriptions, etc., 
as the utmost care is exercised and reasonable 
charges made. 

Samuel Hibbert's Eating House. Meals 
served at all hours. 195 Lisbon Street, Lewis- 
ton. "There's no place like home," says the 
old song that has found its way to the hearts of 
millions of people, and that there is " more 
truth than poetry" in that assertion, we are 
sure our readers will agree. But one cannot 
always be at home, and therefore the only 
course to puisue is to patronize establishments 
that are as homelike as possible. In this con- 
nection, we really take pleasure in calling our 
readers' attention to the enterprise carried on 
by Mr. Samuel Ilibbert, at 195 Lisbon Street, 
for at this place one can feel as much at home 
as liberal business methods, prompt and willing 
service, and choice and well-cooked food can 
make him. Mr. Hibbert is a native of England, 
and has been identified with his present under- 
taking since ISSG. He is a member of the Free 
Masons, and has a very large circle of friends 
in Lewiston and vicinity, for he is a gentleman 
of social disposition, and his business is one 
particularly favorable to the making of acquaint- 
ances. The premises occupied comprise two 
floors of the dimensions of 55x30 feet, employ- 
ment being afforded to five efficient assistants. 
Meals are served at all hours, and every effort 
is made to avoid those tedious waits so annoy- 
ing to anybody whose time is of value. Mr. 
Hibbert supplies his table with the best that 
the market affords, and his prices are very low 
for such superior accommodations. 

M. C. Dunbar, Hair Goods and Embroider- 

ieS( 131 Lis- 
bon Street, 
has be- 
come a 
very famil- 
iar teim to 
the ladies 
of this city 
for the es- 
ment car- 
ried on un- 
der that 
name is 
one of the 
most popular enterprises of the kind to be found 
anywhere, and has been conducted ever since 
1876. It was started at the date mentioned by 
Mrs. M. C. Dunbar. The premises utilized are 
located at No. 131 Lisbon Street, and measure 
40x22 feet. Hair Goods, Embroideries, etc., are 
very extensively handled, and the latest fashion- 
able novelties in these lines are to be had here 
as soon as they appear in the market. Especial 
attention is given to' supplying fine human hair 
of any desired shade, and an extensive and val- 
uable stock of such goods is always on hand. 
Custom Hair Work is also an important branch 
of the business, orders being filled without de- 
lay and at most reasonable rates. Employment 
is given to two experienced and efficient assis- 
tants, and prompt and courteous attention is as- 
sured to every caller. Embroidery Work to or- 
der and Stamping is another popular feature of 
the enterprise, and many ladies avail themselves 
of the opportunity to have their embroidering 
done at low prices. 

E. A. Olfene. Registered Druggist, No. 123 
Lisbon Street. Lewiston. Other things being 
equal, it is undoubtedly the wisest plan to pur- 
chase your Drugs and Medicines of the concern 
doing the largest business. Drugs depend on 
their freshness for much of their virtue, and an 
establishment that receives but a small amount 
of patronage, must inevitably carry some goods 
in stock for months and even years. This is 
unavoidable, and therefore we say, patronize a 
concern that does a big business, that is con- 
stantly renewing its stock, and that can supply 
you with fresh, pure, and in shoi-t, reliable goods 
at the lowest market rates. An enterprise of 
just this character is that carried on by E. A. 
Olfene, at No. 123 Lisbon Street. Business was 
begun by this concein in 1887, succeeded by the 
present style in 1S8S, and the public were quick 
to note the advantagt'S offered, and to support 
an undertaking so liberally and intelligently 
managed. Mr. Olfene is a native of Gray, Me., 
and is a skillful and experienced Pharmacist, 
familiar with every detail of his business. The 
store measures about 65x40 feet, and is elegant- 
ly and conveniently fitted up. The stock car- 
ried is of course large, but it is constantly being 
renewed, and is made up exclusively of fresh 
and desirable goods. Prescriptions are com- 
pounded without delay at most reasonable rates, 
and Toilet Articles, Fancy Goods, etc., can also 
be purchased of this concern to •xcellent ad- 



Cressey's New City Restaurant, Ice Cream 
and Oyster Rooms, 167 Lisbon Street, Lewiston. 
Food and health are so intimately connected 
that it ia hard to determiae wlio exercises the 
most influence over the health of a community 
— a successful physician or a widely patronized 
saloon-keeper, but one thing is sure — if people 
would have more regard for wliat they eat 
there would be a great falling off in ihe demand 
for drugs. It takes an old campaigner, how- 
ever, to fully appreciate the importance of good 
food and plenty of it, for such a man has often 
known what it was to be deprived of even the 
poorest sustenance and lias learned that no one 
who wants to retain health and strength can 
afford to neglect his stomacb. Mr. D. B. 
Cressey, who carries on the "New City Restau- 
ant" at No. 167 Lisbon Street, has more than 
once been in a position to realize what it means 
to "fight on an empty stomach," fur he has a 
war record of which any man might well feel 
proud, and is now a prominent member of the 
Grand Army. He has evidently determined to 
afford everybody in his vicinity an opportunity 
to obtain a "square meal" at a reasonable 
price for since he inaugurated the enterprise 
we have mentioned, in 18S6, he has spared np 
efforts to accommodate the public in the most 
liberal manner at the lowest possible rates. 
He is a native of Milford, Me., and, it goes 
without saying, is one of the most popular men 
in this community as his honorable business 
methods are universally appreciated, and the 
mej'ics of his establishment conceded by all. 
Two floors are occupied, measuring 8ox4U feet, 
and six assistants are employed. This is the 
largest and best equipped restaurant in the entire 
State. It has accommodations for seating 225 
people at one time, and on some occasions dines 
2000 at a meal. The Ice Cream apparatus is run 
by water power and cost $1000, being one of the 
most complete in New England. There is also 
a commodious dining-room for the use of 
military and fire companies, etc., where the 
" boys " can have a good time as well as prompt 
service, meals being cooked to order at ail 
hours. Table board by the day or week is 
furnished and the rates tor regular boarders 
are very low indeed. Ice Cream and Confec- 
tionery are largely handled and Oysters in 
every style made a specialty in their season. 

Roche & Currau, dealers in Meat, Fish, 
Groceries, Provisions and Flour, 249 Main Street, 
Lewiston. Of course in so extensive a commu- 
nity as that to be found in Lewiston and vicin- 
ity, there must be many establishments devoted 
to the sale of Family Stores, etc., and so in fact 
there is, but few among them handle so great a 
variety of these goods as that conducted by 
Messrs. Roche & Curran at No. 240 Main Street. 
This enterprise was inaugurated in 188(), and has 
already reached a much greater development 
than that of many similar undertakings of 
double its age. Messrs. Edward Roche and 
James Currau are both natives of Lewiston and 
are well and favorably known about the city. 
They have worked hard to gain success, and 
no one familiar with their business methods 
will begrudge them the heavy trade they have 
built up, for it has been attained by entirely le- 
gitimate means, and is being steadily added to 
in the same way. One floor and a basement are 

occupied and a very heavy and varied stock is 
carried, comprising Meat, Fish, Groceries Pro- 
visions, Flour, Fruit, Confectionery, etc., togeth- 
er with a choice assortment of Tobacco and 
Cigars. Employment is afforded two efficient 
and polite assistants and customers are attend- 
ed to with promptness and courtesy. Messrs. 
Roche & Curran sell at the lowest market rates 
but do not. offer low prices on account of hand- 
ling inferior stock. All goods sold by them are 
warranted to prove as represented, and ordeis 
are delivered accurately and promptly. 

T. R. Catland, Machinist and Locksmith, 



of all 
Key Fit- 
ting and 
ing of all 
kinds of 

No. 120 
St., Lew- 

Me. It is a source of much amusement to those 
who are not members of the fraternity them- 
selves, to see the tenderness with which the true 
sportsman regards his gun, fishing-rod, etc., and 
they cannot understand why he should consider 
them as anything more than pieces of iron or 
wood of a certain value. But to those who 
" know how it is themselves" no explanation is 
needed and they would as soon think of laugh- 
ing at a man for showing affection for his wife 
and family as they would on account of his fond- 
ness for the companions of his sports. We feel 
sure that we number many lovers of field sports 
among our readers, and lience take special pleas- 
ure in directing attention to the establishment 
of Mr. T. R. Catland at No. 120 Lisbon Street, 
for this gentleman is excellently prepared to 
serve them and we can recommend the goods 
he handles as being strictly reliable aud sure to 
prove as represented. Mr. Catland was born in 
Damariscotta, Me., and became connected with 
the establishment he now conducts in 1887, suc- 
ceeding Mr. H. A. Whitney. The premises uti- 
lized comprise one floor of the dimensions of 
.'iOx;W feet, and both a wholesale and retail busi- 
ness is done, sporting goods of all descriptions 
being e:^tensively handled. Fine lines of cut- 
lery, locksmith's goods, etc., are carried, and 
among the first-named articles are many special- 
ly adapted to sportsmen's use. Gun and lock- 
smithing is done in the very best manner and 
the repairing of umbrellas, cutting of stencil 
plates, etc., are very important branches of the 
business. Mr. Catland's work is both neat and 
durable and his prices are equitable and fair. 
Mr. Catland is also agent for the celebrated 
Springfield Roadster. 



F. E. Crane & Co., Undertakers, dealers 
iu Coffias, Caskets and Floral Designs. Em- 
balming a specialty. No. 57 Main Street, Lew- 
iston. Residence, 'li Spring St., cor. Hampshire 
St., Auburn. It is quite unnecessary to argue 
as to the advisability of employing an Under- 
taker possessed of a thorough knowledge of 
every detail of his business where the services 
of such a practitioner are required, lor the reas- 
ons for so doing are so obvious that space would 
only be wasted iu setting them down in detail. 
Therefore, when we declare that Messrs. F. E. 
Crane <fe Co. have given abundant evidence that 
they are well prepared to satisfactorily attend 
to all the multifarious details of a city under- 
taking business, we think that the reason of the 
liberal patronage they receive is already suffi- 
ciently plain. This firm commenced operations 
here in 1886. and soon gained the confidence and 
respect of the community by the liberal and 
dignified way in which all commissions were 
executed. The warerooms are located at No. 57 
Main Street, and as some one is in attendance at 
all hours of the day or night, orders can be giv- 
en at any time, and will be acted upon with 
promptness and skill. Mr. Crane's residence is 
at 21 Spring Street, Auburn, and instructions 
may be left at that address if preferred. He is 
a native of Fayette, Maine, and is connected 
with the Knights of Pytiiias, Odd Fellows, An- 
cient Order of United Workmen and the Red 
Men. This house makes a specialty of Embalm- 
ing, and is prepared to undertake the same in 
accordance with the most approved scientific 
methods, on reasonable terms. Coffins, Caskets 
and Floral Designs are dealt in, and a sufficient 
variety is kept in stock to suit all tastes and 

Wakefield Brothers, Apothecaries, 114 
Lisbon Street, Lewiston. It is just a score of 
years since the enterprise conducted by Wake- 
field Brothers was inaugurated, and during that 
extended period of time, a record has been 
made, of which the firm alluded to may well be 
proud. Their establishment is located at No. 
114 Lisbon Street., one spacious floor being 
occupied, and a heavy and valuable stock car- 
ried, consisting of Drugs, Medicines and Chem- 
icals in great variety, a full line of Patent Medi- 
cines and Toilet Articles, Fancy Goods, etc. 
The firm is constituted of Messrs. S. D. and E. 
Wakefield, botii of these gentlemen being na- 
tives of Lewiston, and extremely well-known 
here. Although conducting a general Drug 
business, this concern gives especial attention 
to the Compounding of Physicians' Prescrip- 
tions, and we feel assui-ed that no Pharmacy in 
Maine is better prepared to give entire satisfac- 
tion to customers in this most important de- 
partment. Carrying a full assortment of costly 
as well as of ordinarj" Drugs, etc., and making 
it a point to see that no ingredients are used 
that are injuriously affected by age or other 
causes, this firm offers advantages in the filling 
of Prescriptions that are well worthy of being 
taken into consideration, and that they are 
appreciated is proved by the heavy jjatronage 
enjoyed. Reasonable rates are maintained, and 
two efficient assistants are at hand to give 
prompt attention to customers. 

John C. Hatch, Successor to Johnston & 
Hatch, Manufacturer of Cigars, No. 64 Lisbon 
Street, Lewiston. The story of the non-smoker 
who informed the habitual smoker that during 
the past 20 years he had wasted money enough 
on tobacco to buy him a house, but who was 
forced to confess, in response to a question, 
that he owned no house, himself although his 
income was as large as that of the man ho 
sought to instruct, is enough to provoke a 
smile to be sure, but it is something more 
inasmuch as it contains the gist of the oft- 
mooted question regarding the extravagance of 
tobacco using. Tobacco costs money undoubt- 
edly, so does beef and rump steak cost more 
than shin-bone, but for all that is it advisable 
to always sacrifice everything to so-called 
economy and deny oneself every enjoyment 
because, forsooth, they are not to be had for 
nothing? No, we do not think so, and in very 
few ways will money expended, return so high 
an interest in enjoyment as in the purchase of 
tobacco. If you are a smoker call on Mr. John 
C. Hatch at No. 64 Lisbon Street, the sign of 
the " Big Indian," and sample some of his 
cigars. He makes 'em and therefore knows just 
what he is selling and saving all middlemen's 
profit is able to furnish a very superior article at a 
low price. Cigars, Tobacco, Smokers' Articles, 
etc., are handled very extensively, a wholesale 
and retail business being done, and employ- 
ment afforded to six assistants. This enter- 
prise was originated in 1879 by Messrs. John- 
ston & Hatch and came into the sole possession 
of Mr. Hatch in 1885, He is a native of Jack- 
son, Me., and a member of the Odd Fellows, 
having a large circle of friends in this vicinity. 
His goods are always reliable and his prices so 
low as to make his establishment a favorite 
with veteran smokers, 

Nel.son D. Estes, dealer in Stationery, Pe- 
riodicals, Blank Books, Albums. Novelties, &c. 
Room Paper and Window Shades. Wholesale 
dealer in Paper, Twine and Paper Bags, 258 Lis- 
bon Street, Lewiston. It is no wonder that the 
establishment of which Mr. Nelson D. Estes is 
the proprietor is one of the most popular in the 
entire city, for Mr. Estes gives close attention 
to the wishes of his customers, and has built up 
his present extensive trade by dint of hard work 
and unstinting liberality in catering to the de- 
mands of the public. Mr. B. W. Parker found- 
ed the undertaking some thirteen years ago, but 
Mr. Estes assumed control iu 1884, and has since 
been sole manager. The premises occupied are 
55xo0 feet in size and are well filled by a stock 
of Books, Stationery, Blank Books, Albums, 
Wallets, Games. Wall Papers. Window Shades 
and Cutlery, together with Periodicals and a 
well-chosen Circulating Library of 800 volumes. 
This latter feature is one of the most popular 
departments of the business, for many people 
take advantage of the opportunity thus pre- 
sented to obtain the best of reading at a nomi- 
nal cost. Mr, Estes is a nativp of Lewiston and 
is very well known throughout this vicinity. 
He tiikes orders for Job Priming and delivers 
the same at short notice, guaranteeing the work 
to be first class in every respect, while the prices 
are entirely satisfactory. Customers receive 
prompt and polite attention, and ma'y depend 
upon getting reliable goods at bottom rates. 




MADE IN 144 







Charles Greemwood, dealer in Hardware 
and Factory Supplies, Stoves, Jlanires and Fur- 
naces. Plumbing. Steam Heatiu<jand Ventilat- 
ing a Specialty. UU Lisbon Street, Lewiston. 
An establishment which merits special mention 
as being one of the most corai^letely equipped 
of its kind in the entire State is that conducted 
by Mr. Charles Greenwood at No. 191 Lisbon 
Street, and ;in idea of the magnitude of the busi- 
ness done and the size of the stock curried may 
be gained from the fact that the premises occu- 
pied comprise three floors of the dimensions of 
100x25 feet. Mr. Greenwood is a native of Far- 
mington, Maine, a member of the Odd Fellows, 
and began operations here in 1S7'.>. It is hardly 
necessary to say anything about his qualifica- 
tions as a bu>iness man when reviewing the 
great establishment of which he is proprietor, 
as no better evidence could be wanted on this 
point than that afforded by the many signs of 
prosperity noticeable on every s'de. An im- 
mense stock is carried, made up of Hardware, 
Factory Supplies, Stoves, Range's. Furnaces, etc., 
as well as an extensive and complete assortment 
of Tin and Wooden Ware, ?• cket and Table 
Cutlery, Kitchen Furnishing Goods and other 
articles too numerous to mention. Employment 
is given to 14 assistants, and a specialty is made 
of the prompt and skillful filling of all orders 
for Plumbing, Steam Heating and Ventilat- 
ing. The importance of securing the best pos- 
sible methods of heating and ventilation, is too 
well known to all intelligent peoplis to require 
dwelling upon here, and we will simply state 
that Mr. (Greenwood guarantees satisfaction, 
both as regards the design and the execution of 
his work. Jobbing of every description in Tin, 
Sheet Iron, Zinc and Copper, is done at the 
shortest notice, and owing to the employment 
of skilled and careful workmen and the use of 
the best materials, a strict guarantee is given 
that all commissions of this kind will be filled 
in the most thorouj-h and substantial manner. 
Low rates pievail and the business shows a 
steady and decided increase. 

Clias. A. Eaton, dealer in Fine Confection- 
ery and Fruit, Cigars and Tobacco, 72 Lisbon 
Street, opposite Music Hall entrance, Lewiston. 
The establishment conducted by Mr. Chas. A. 
Eaton at No. 72 Lisbon Street, has certainly pe- 
culiar advantages of location, for it is opposite 
the entrance to Music Hall and is prominently 
as well as centrally situated, but as favorable as 
its position is, it would never have attained its 
present popularity, were it not for the fact that 
the goods and the prices are satisfactory, and 
the management is enterprising and liberal. Mr. 
Eaton has not been identified with this enter- 
prise for many years, but he is thoroughly ac- 
quainted with the business in every detail, and 
gives close personal attention to the carrying 
on of affaiis. One floor, of the dimensions of 
4.5x18 feet is occupied, and a heavy and varied 
stock is carried, comprising fine Confectionery 
and Fruit, together with Cigars, Tobacco, etc. 
Mr. Eaton takes pains to offer none but fresh 
and finely-flavored confections, and has attained 
an enviable reputation in this respect. His 
prices are as low as can be quoted on grades of 
similar excellence, and the Fruit he handles is 
also sold at low rates, an extensive assortment 
being generally on hand. Choice Cigars and 
Toba (!0 attract the users of the "weed,'; and 
the most fastidious can here find a Cigar to suit 

L. C Hobbiiis, Successor to A. W. Patten, 
dealer in Coal, Wood and Pressed Hay, Office 
and Yard, Opposite Catholic Church, Main 
Street. Agent for Pratt's Poultry and Cattle 
Food. The last two years have been by no 
means favorable to the development of the Coal 
trade, for the many disturbances at the mines 
and elsewhere have so seriously interfered with 
the supply of Coal as to cripple and embar- 
rass even the old established house.>^, so that 
the outlook for the formation of new ones has 
not been at all promising. Still such enter- 
prises have been inaugurated, and some of them 
liave met with success. Among these latter 
being that of which Mr. L. C. Robbins is now 
the proprietor, located at 270 Main Street, 
opposite the Catholic Church. Mr. Robbins is a 
native of Leeds and is connected with the Odd 
Fellows. The nndertaking with which he is 
identified was founded in ISSO by Messrs. Small 
& Patten, later, A. W. Patten. Mr. L. C. 
Robbins taking sole possession in 188S. Hard 
Wood, Soft Wood, Birch Slabs, Birch Edgings, 
Spruce Edgings, Spruce Slabs, also a few cords 
of Choice Rock Maple, fitted or unfitted. Good 
Coal of all kinds. 1 shall endeavor to furnish at 
the market prices Pressed Hay and Straw. 
Agents for Pratt's Food for 
Poultry, Horses and cattle. 
Office and Yard at No. 270 
Main Street, Opposite Cath- 
olic Church. L. C. Robbins, 
Lewiston. He is prepared 
to fill every order at short 
notice in a perfectly satisfac- 
-"S^ts* r_|>^s^6^ tory manner. Wood will be 
sawed and split to suit cus- 
tomers, and the lowest market rates are charged 
for every commodity dealt in. Those who have 
done business with Mr. Robbins speak in the 
highest terms of the careful attention he gives 
to orders, and we can heartily commend this 
enterprise to our readers. 



W. H. Weeks, Book and Job Printer, 232 
Lisbon Street. Lewiston. The question of who 
invented printin;^ with movable type, is not set- 
tled yet, and the advocates of Gutenbert^ are 
hard-pressed by their opponents, who present 
the names of more than one old-time worthy to 
this honor, but it seems to us that after all it is 
of more practical importance to know who is 
best prepared to do printin<i at the present day, 
and in this connection take opportunity to 
mention tlie Job Printing establishment of Mr. 
William H. Weeks, as we believe that it would 
be iiard to find one better prepared to fill all 
orders that may be intrusted to it in a thorough- 
ly satisfactory manner. Mr. Weeks was born 
in this city, and founded the business with 
which he is now connected in 1874. He is con- 
stantly adding to the resources of his office, 
and makes it a point to obtain the most taste- 
ful and fashionable type for use where orna- 
ment is considered, and by so doing, as well as 
by the taste he has shown in its arrangement, 
he has gained a reputation in the line of Artistic 
Typography whicli is as gratifying as it is 
deserved. One floor, of the dimensions of 65x20 
feet, is occupied at No. 232 Lisbon Street, 
equipped with three large presses, requiring 3^ 
horse-power to run them, and employment is 
afforded to seven assistants. The "Labor 
Advocate" is printed by Mr. Weeks, and there- 
fore the many comments which have been made 
upon its neat appearance are direct compli- 
ments to his capacity in this line. Orders, 
either large or small, are promptly filled, and 
the lowest market rates prevail. 

Geo. B. Midland, Dealer in Harnesses, 
Whips, Blankets, Robes, Horse Collars, Brushes, 
etc. Repairing neatly and jiromptly attended 
to. No. 2S9 Lisbon Street, Lewiston. A Har- 
ness which does not combine good material 
and good workman- 
ship is a dangerous ar- 
ticle to use, and those 
who think they are 
g^saving money by pur- 
=chasing an inferior har- 
ness at a price slightlj^ 
below the market price 
for standard goods, are 
making a big mistake, 
and one that may cost them many times the 
small sum they apparently save. By patroniz- 
ing the right dealer, it is possible to get a strictly 
first-cl.ass Harness at a moderate figure, and if 
you doubt this assertion, just call on Mr. Geo. 
B. Michaud, at No. 2S9 Lisbon Street, and in- 
spect his goods and prices. This gentleman 
does not handle inferior stock, and if you buy 
an article of him, you may safely depend on its 
proving as represented Yet his prices are very 
reasonable, and anything in the line of Har- 
neses. Whips, Blankets, Robes, Horse Collars, 
Brushes, etc.. can be bought of him to excellent 
advantage. Mr. Michaud is a native of Canada, 
and became proprietor of his present establish- 
ment in 1887, succeeding Mr. A. Dodge, who 
opened it in 1884. A large and growing busi- 
ness has been built up by Mr. Michaud, who 
gives special attention to Repairing and fills 
orders with neatness and dispatch, his charges 
being moderate and fair. 

Howard Bros., Dealers in Groceries, Pro- 
visions, and all kinds of Country Produce, 40 
Ash Street, Lewiston. When Messrs. Howard 
Bros, began operations here, in 1884, they had 
by no means a clear field to work in, and there 
were not a few who prophesied utter and early 
failure, giving as a reason the belitf that there 
was too much competition. Well, four years 
have passed and the ente«'prise has not failed as 
yet, and what is more, was never farther from 
failure than at the present time, judging from 
the heavy business now done. This success is 
all the more worthy of appreciative mention 
from the fact that it has been won by honorable 
and legitimate means, and so is richly deserved. 
The firm is constituted of Messis, Charles N., 
James C, and Emery N. Howai-d, all of whom 
are natives of Readfieid, Me. Mr. E. N. Howard 
has held varioas important offices at Presque 
Isle, among them that of Superintendent of the 
School Committee, and each of the gentlemen 
mentioned is well known in this vicinity. The 
premises utilized measure 60x20 feet, and Gro- 
ceries, Provisions, Tobacco, Conlectioneiy, etc., 
are very extensively dealt in, as are also all 
kinds of Country Produce. The store is located 
at No. 40 Ash Street, and callers are always 
assured of receiving prompt and courteous 
attention. Having already alluded to the large 
trade that has been built up, it is not necessary 
to say that excellent inducements are offered 
to customers, or that reliable goods are exclu- 
sively handled. These things speak for them- 
selves, so we will simply add — ''give Messrs. 
Howaid Bros, a call." 

Elie Sabouriii, Dealer in all Kinds of Fish 
at Wholesale and Retail. Fresh Water Fish a 
Specialty. Guns, Fishing Tackle, and all 
Kinds of Sporting Goods, 318 Lisbon Street, 
Lewiston Fish is oue of the most popular 
articles of food we have, 

i5^««*,^-s — ^ ''/^ ^o, for it is both cheap 
,Z^^r^5 a'^i**^^ '^"^ healthful. The 
only disadvantage con- 
nected with the use of 
of it, is that it must be 
perfectly fresh in order 
to be palatable and 
nutritious, and there is 
no difficultv in obtaining perfectly fresh fish if 
you only know where to look for it. For 
instance make a call on Mr. Elie Sabourin. 
doing business at No. 326 Lisbon Street, and 
yon will find that his stock of Fish, Oysters, 
Claras, etc., is full and complete and that every 
article sold by him is guaranteed to be satis- 
factory and to prove as represented. Mr. 
Sabourin is a native of Vermont and in- 
augurated the enterprise to which we have 
reference in 1880. He has built up a very large 
and growing business, and is now better pre- 
pared than ever before to supply anything in 
his line at the lowest market rates, and to wive 
prompt and careful attention to orders. 
Employment is given to two assistants, .and 
customers are assured courteous and satis- 
factory attention. Orders will be delivered 
when promised, and if patrons so desire they 
will be waited upon at their residences and 
their orders carefully noted. 



Mrs. Neal's Book Bindery, Journal 
Block, Lewiston. The establishment known as 
Mrs. Neal's Book Bindery, located in Journal 
Block, has a most enviable reputation for the 
turning out of excellent and durable work, and 
during the score of years that it has been in 
operation, it has built up a large and growing 
patronage, not only by reason of the nature of 
the results attained, but also on account of the 
low prices at which eveiy description of Book- 
binding, etc., is done. There is scarcely a 
house but what contains a tile of old magazines, 
an assortment of sheet-music, or something else 
that would be made a hundred times more con- 
venient and useful by being properly bound, and 
we wish to call the attention of our readers to 
the fact that at the establishment under men- 
tion particular care is taken in the doing of 
work of this kind. Ruling and Blank Book 
work of every description is also done to order 
in a superior manner at short notice, and very 
low rates are maintained in every department, 
as low in fact as the use of the best stock and 
the employment of skilled labor will permit. 
Lettering on books, traveling or shopping 
bags, pocketbooks, etc., is done promptly and at 
short notice. Such an establishment is a pub- 
lic benefit, and richly deserves most cordial 

A. B. Kinjr & Co., Machinists, Manu- 
facturers of Elevators, Dowel Machines, Saw 
Arbors, etc., etc., also General Job Work and 
Repairing, 48 Main Street, Lewiston. As the 
majority of manufacturers and others who 
have occasion to purchase a steam engine are 
not practical mechanics it is impossible for 
them to personally judge of the merits or 
demerits of any special style of machine until 
they have given it a practical trial in their own 
business, and therefore they must be largely if 
not entirely dependent upon the representa- 
tions of the house supplying them in the selec- 
tion of an engine suited to their needs. On 
this account it is obvious that only a repu- 
table concern should be patronized, and in this 
connection we take pleasure in calling the fav- 
orable attention of our readers to the advan- 
tages offered by the house known as King A 
Loring, although Mr. King is now sole pro- 
prietor, owing to the death of his associate in 
1887. This firm began operations in 1883 and 
from the beginning proceeded on the assump- 
tion that the interests of its customers were 
identical with their own. They have therefore 
sought to handle only such goods, as in their 
opinion as experienced mechanics, would do all 
that was claimed for them and as a result have 
had little reason to complain that their efforts 
to serve the public were unappreciated. Three 
floors are occupied of the dimensions of 25x45 
feet and ten assistants are employed. All 
kinds of job work and repairing are done with 
neatness and despatch and a heavy stock is 
carried of Steam Engines, Boilers, Wood-work- 
ing Machinery, Shafting, Pulleys, Hangers, 
Steam and Water Pipes, Fittings, etc. The 
store is at No. 48 Main Street, and those wish- 
ing anything in the lines mentioned should 
make it a point to call and inspect the advan- 
tages offered. Mi-. King is a native of Mon- 
mouth, Me., and is extremely well-known to 
the trade in this State. 

Joseph H. Day, Dealer in Builders' Hard- 
ware, Manufacturers' Supplies, Carpenters'^ 
Tools, Fine Cutlery, etc., 2:-)5 Main Street, near 
Bates Street, Lewiston. There is no question 
as to the status of Mr. Joseph H. Day, in the 
commercial community, and we therefore feel 
that our action in including his name among 
those of other prominent business men of this 
vicinity, needs no justification. His establish- 
ment is located at No. 235 Main Street, and the 
business there carried on was founded in 1875, 
by J. H. Day & Co., but since 1883, the present 
proprietor has conducted it alone. He is a 
native of St. Albans, Me., and the wide-spread 
esteem in which he is held here in Lewiston 
may be judged from his having been chosen as 
Mayor of the city in '79-'80. As a member of 
the Water Commission, he has fully maintained 
his reputation as a far-seeing man of affairs, 
and from first to last has earned the gratitude 
of every believer in an honest and economical 
municipal government. The premises occupied 
by Mr. Day in the prosecution of his business 
are 75x40 feet in dimensions, and employment 
is given to five competent and active assistants 
in attending to the many orders received, as 
both a wholesale and retail business is done, 
and no expense is spared in the prompt and 
accurate filling of every order. Builders' Hard- 
ware, Manufacturern' Supplies, Iron, Steel, 
Bolts, Glass, Paints, Oils. Sewer Pipe, Powder — 
in fact almost an endless variety of goods in 
these lines is carried, together with a fine assort- 
ment of Carpenters' Tools, Cutlery, Cordage, 
Bird Cages, Clothes Wringers, etc. Mr. Day 
endeavors to handle no goods but those he has- 
reason to believe will give satisfaction, and he 
strictly guarantees that every article leaving his 
store will prove just as represented. 

F. B. Norris, Manufacturer of Fine Con- 
fectionery, 61 Main Street, Lewiston. That the 
public in general is becoming more critical, 
year by year, is a fact too evident and too well- 
known to require argument, and in scarcely any 
branch of manufacture is this more clearly 
shown than in that of the Confectioner. Every 
dealer in Candy, who has had any amount of 
experience can testify, that goods that were 
once sought for are now no longer salable, 
and it must have been noticed by many who 
are not habitual users of Confectionery, that 
the tendency for some years has been in the 
direction of moi-e delicate flavors and a gener- 
ally higher grade of goods. Mr. F. 13. Norris, 
of No. 61 Main Street, owes much of his success 
to his recognizing this advance in the public 
taste, and catering to it by producing uniformly 
satisfactory Confections, for his goods are very 
popular in this vicinity, and to say a piece of 
Candy came from "Norris's" is enough to 
guarantee its purity and wholesomeness. Mr. 
Norris was born in Maine, and succeeded to 
this business in 1887. One floor is occupied, 
measuring 50x30 feet, and a large trade is car- 
ried on in Fruits, as well as Confectionery, 
while a well-equipped lunch-room is a very 
popular feature of the establishment. Employ- 
ment is afforded to seven assistants, and the 
large patronage enjoyed is promptly handled 
and steadily added to. 



F. r. Day, Dealer in Boots and Shoes, 
5 Journal Block, Lisbon Street. Mr. F. I. Day, 
who carries on the well-known Boot and Shoe 
store in this city, will observe the 25th anniver- 
sary of the founding of his business during: the 
current year, and it may well be supposed that 
if he is not able to suit the taste of the public 
in foot-wear, it is not from lack of experience. 
But in point of fact we never heard any one 
charge Mr. Day with not being able to suit the 
public taste, and indeed U such a charge were 
made, it would not require refutation other 
than that provided by the liberal patronage 
bestowed upon the enterprise of which the gen- 
tleman alluded to is the proprietor. People are 
not in the habit of trading at a store where 
goods are not kept to suit them ; and a call at 
Mr. Day's establishment at almost any time 
would show a liveliness of ti'ade which can 
only be explained in one way — the furnishing 
of satisfact<iry articles at bottom prices. The 
premises occupied comprise one floor and a 
basement of the dimensions of 65x-30 feet, and 
the stock on hand is certainly extensive and 
varied enough to suit all tastes, being made up 
of goods adapted to the wear of adults and 
children of both sexes, and including the latest 
fashionable novelties in every department. 
Four assistants are employed, and prompt and 
polite attention is assured to all. Mr. Day was 
born in Brunswick. Me., and has been a mem- 
ber of our Municipal Government, having 
served on the Board of Aldermen. He is a 
representative citizen and very widely known. 

J. J. 0'C«>nnell, Marble Works. All 
Shades of American and Italian Marble in 
Monuments, Headstones and Tablets, 137 Main 
Street, Lewistou. Although it is very true that 
skilled labor commands a high price, it by no 
means follows that it is contrary to the dictates 
of economy to employ such, for it not infre- 
quently happens that this very skill is capable 
of turning out work so much faster than un- 
skilled labor can do. that the difference in price 
is really against the latter. In stone-cutting 
for instance, some houses charge exhorbitant 
rates on the strength of their reputation, when, 
actually, equally good, if not better work, is to 
be had elsewhere, at from one-half to two- 
thirds their prices. Call on Mr. J. J. O'Connell, 
at No. lo7 Main Street, this city, and see what 
he has to offer in the way of fine stone-cutting, 
and more especially in Cemetery Work. We 
have no hesitation in saying that some of the 
most artistic and beautiful Marble-Cuttiua; ever 
done in this State, has been done at this estab- 
lishment, and that at rates which would scarcely 
buy far inferior work at certain more preten- 
tious houses. Mr. O'Connell was born in this 
city, and the inception of his present business 
dates back to 1877. The premises occupied are 
40x20 feet in dimensions, and employment is 
given to eight assistants, who, taken as a whole, 
will bear the severest comparison, both as re- 
gards skill and care, with the employes of any 
Marble Works in this section. All Shades of 
American and Italian Marble are made into 
Monuments, Tablets, Headstones, etc., and 
orders are guaranteed prompt and satisfactory 
fulfillment at the very lowest possible prices. 

Geo. Elirenfried's Fancy Dry Goods Store, 
96 Lisbon Street, Lewiston. An establishment 
which has been carried on for twenty-three 
years, and which has been a leader in its line 
for the greater part of that time, is certainly 
worthy of particular mention in any review of 
Lewiston's business enterprises, and hence we 
need make no apologies for calling the atten- 
tion of our readers to the undertaking carried 
on by Mr. Geo. Ehrenfried, at No. 9*i Lisbon St. 
This gentleman is a native of Germany, and has 
a very large circle of friends in this vicinity, be- 
ing a member of the Odd Fellows and Knights 
of Pythias, besides being known as one of the 
most liberal and enterprising business men in 
town. One floor and a basement, of the dimen- 
sions of 85x35 feet, are utilized, for Mr. Ehren-, 
fried carries one of the largest and most com- 
plete stocks of Fancy Dry Goods and Small 
Wares to be found in this section, and it requires 
no small amount of room to accommodate that, 
as well as the many customers who throng his 
store, brought there by the well-earned reputa- 
tion it enjoys for offering reliable goods at the 
lowest market rates. Mr. Ehrenfried is a care- 
ful and yet an enterprising buyer, and his long 
experience enables him to provide his custo- 
mers with just what they want, and what the 
prevailing fashion demands. Employment is 
given to five efficient and courteous assistants, 
and callers will receive prompt and polite atten- 
tion, the goods being guaranteed to prove as 
represented in every instance. 

N. S. Taylor, Violin Maker and Repairer, 
149 Lisbon St., Lewiston. Special Attention to- 
Old Instruments. Bows ('arefuily repaired. 
Choice Old Violin W^ood for Sale. Italian 
Strings Always on Hand. The violin is con- 
ceded by musicians to be the most perfect 
musical instrument yet constructed, and no 
better evidence of its superiority could be asked 
than the fact that a violin in the hands of a 
master is capable of approximating very closely 
to the tones of the human voice itself. But no 
other instrument is so dependent on the 
material used in its construction for excellence, 
and even where suitable material is used the 
result will be very unsatisfactory unless skill is 
manifested by the maker. When we say that 
Air. N. S. Taylor, of No. 149 Lisbon Street, has 
met with great success since he began his 
present business in 1887, we speak the simple 
truth, for the public ( or rather the musical 
portion of it ) have been quick to recognize the 
advantages derivable from pati'onizing Mr. 
Taylor, and have therefore given him most 
cordial support. He is a maker of Violins, and 
neglects nothing that will tend to improve the 
instruments he produces. Repairing is given 
particular attention, a specialty being made of 
the handling oC old instruments, and the most 
pronounced lover of music may safely leave his 
violin with Mr. Taylor, for this gentleman 
thinks as much of a good violin as anybody can, 
and may be depended upon to handle it with 
care and discretion. Bows are also repaired in 
a first-class manner at short notice, and Italian 
Strings are constantly carried in stock, as is 
also Choice Old Violin Wood. Mr. Taylor is 
reasonable in his charges and is deserving of 
every success. _^ 



Edwin F. Field, Machinist, Manufacturer 
of Shaftintj, Pulleys, Steam Engines, yaw- 
Arbors, Matches &c., New and Second-hand 
Engines, Boilers, Miwhiuery, etc. Agent for 
" Tanite " Solid Emery Wheels and Emery 
Grinders. Canal Street, rear Music Hall, bew- 
iston. An establishment which has gained an 
enviable reputation among the business men of 
Lewiston and vicinity, for turning out the best 
of work at comparatively short notice, is that 
conducted by Edwin F. b'ield at N^o. 36 Canal 
Street, rear of Music Hall, and anyone wishing 
anything in the line of Shafting, PuUpy, Saw 
Arbors, Matches or Steam Engines would best 
serve their own interests by giving this concern 
a call, as not only are the goods handled by it 
first-class, but the prices charged are such as to 
add to the advantages extended. This enter- 
prise was inaugurated in 1872 by Mr. Edwin F. 
Field, who was born in this city and is very 
widely known in mechanical and engineering 
circles. Two floors are utilized. 65x40 feet in 
dimensions and employment is given to eleven 
assistants. Machine work in great variety is 
done, repairing being given special attention 
and where circumstances are such that a job 
must be " rushed " through, the entire re- 
sources of the establishment may be concen- 
trated upon it, thus avoiding in many cases 
very expensive delay. A heavy stock of New 
and Second hand Goods is carried, including 
Engines, Boilers, Machinery, etc., and Boilei- 
Repairing, and Tube Setting are neatly and 
thoroughly done. Cotton and Woolen Machin- 
ery is given special and prompt attention and 
all needed repairs are made with that celerity 
and durability only attainable with the best 
facilities and the most experienced workmen. 

K. W. Clark, Druggist, dealer in Drugs, 
Medicines and Chemicals, Fancy and Toilet Ar- 
ticles, corner Main and Bates Streets, Lewiston. 
Fifteen years may be considered either a long 
or a short space of time, according to the point 
of view from which it is regarded, but when a 
business enterprise has been conducted unin- 
terruptedly for that period, it may certainly be 
looked upon as firmly established. Mr. R. W. 
Clark has been identitied with the establishment 
located at the corner of Main and Bates Streets, 
ever since 1873, and we feel that we are justified 
in saying that he enjoys the confidence of the 
public to a pronounced degree. And it is right 
that he should, for he has always striven to 
render faithful and acceptable service to custo- 
mers, and has neglected no means to increase 
the value of the enterprise he conducts to the 
community in general. ISIr. Clark was born in 
China, Maine, and is a member of the Odd Fel- 
lows (Canton). He is an experienced, skilled, 
and careful druggist and carries a large stock 
of Drugs, Medicines and Chemicals, giving par- 
ticular and personal attention to the compound- 
ing of prescriptions, and charging the lowest 
possible rates for all orders of this Itind. The 
premises occupied are 38x27 feet in dimensions, 
and contain a beautiful selection of Fancy and 
Toilet Articles which are quoted at reasonable 
prices, and which comprise the latest and most 
successful novelties. Patrons are given prompt 
and polite attention and their wishes are care- 
fully regarded. 

Li. L. Blake & Co., Manufacterers of and 
Dealers in Furniture, Carpets and Draperies, 
15.") Lisbon Street, Lewiston. Undertaking a 
Specialty. No better advice can be given to 
those contemplating the purchase of Furniture 
or Carpets than to pay regard to future as well 
as to present wants. By so doing, much annoy- 
ance may oftentimes be avoided and the truest 
economy subserved, insomuch as it is better to 
pay more outright and secure a durable, as well 
as fashionable article yian it is to put up with 
inferior articles whose only merit is their low, 
first cost, and which soon become shabby and 
unsatisfactory. This counsel is not the out- 
come of our individual experience alone, but 
is what anyone having an adequate knowledge 
of the subject will offer. To procure reliable 
goods, visit a reliable house, and to find a relia- 
ble house, proceed to No. 155 Lisbon Street, and 
enter the establishment of Messrs. L. L Blake 
& Co. There you will find a truly maiinificent 
assortment of Furniture, Carpets and Draperies 
of every description, and it is our opinion that, 
quality considered, no greater bargains in the 
goods mentioned are obtainable in Lewiston. 
Certainly, Mr. Blake ought to know how to buy 
and sell to advantage, for he inaugurated this 
enterprise in 1856. under the firm-name of A. 
K. P. & L. L. Blake, and for a quarter-century 
past has carried it on alone under the present 
style. He is a native of Gray, in which town 
he has been a Selectman and member of the 
School Committee for many years, and he has 
also been a member of our City Council. The 
premises utilized are >>f the dimensions of 100x25 
feet, and comprise five floors, and an immense 
business is done in the manufacture and sale of 
the articlt s handled, employment being given 
to eight assistants. A specialty is made of 
Undertaking, and e^ery possible modern facility 
is at hand to enable this department of the bus- 
iness to be carried on in a thoroughly satisfac- 
tory manner, low rates being maintained. 

I. S. Golder, Livery Stable, IS Franklin 
Street, Lewiston. No one at all acquainted 
with the beautiful drives in the vicinity of 
Lewiston and Auburn can wonder that there is 
a steady and increasing demand for desirable 
turnouts, and this demand is growing all the 
time. A firm who are particularly well fitted 
to satisfy the most fastidious in the matter of 
tine accommodations and good turnouts is 1. S. 
Golder, for his long experience enables him to 
select a good horse and one that will suit his 
customers. The premises are located at 18 
Franklin Street, and aftord accommodations for 
a large number of horses and carriages, em- 
ployment being given to a number of careful 
and experienced assistants. A Hack, Livery 
and Boarding Stable is carried on, and carriages 
will be furnished for any occasion at short 
notice and careful and experienced drivers are 
furnished if desired. Mr. (bolder does a large 
Livery business for he keeps everything con- 
nected with this branch of the business in 
first-class condition. The horses furnished to 
patrons are not the wrecks too often furnished 
at stables, but are all good-looking animals, fine 
roadsters, and a drive behind one is a rare 
enjoyment. He is well-known in both busi- 
ness and social circles in Lewiston, and his 
stable is one of the best patronized in the city. 



S. Record, Dealer in New and Second-hand 
Furniture, 57 Main Street, and 59 Lower Main 
Street, Lewiston. There may be, and undoubt- 
edly in one sense of the word is, a market price 
for everythino:, below which no article can be 
obtained excepting under a peculiar combina- 
tion of circumstances, but nevertheless it would 
be hard to convince an old and careful buyer of 
furniture that this commodity has a fixed and 
certain value for he has long since discovered by 
experience that what is generally considered as 
the market price is really the lowest figure at 
which the article can be sold, plus the extra 
amount called for by the individual or the 
concern selling the same. Thus it follows 
that at some establishments much greater 
bargains may be had than at others, and 
not a few of our Lewiston citizens are 
firmly convinced that Mr. S. Record of No. 
57 Sfain Street, is prepared to supply furni- 
ture, either new or second-hand, at more liberal 
rates than any other dealer in this vicinity. 
Mr. Record was born in this State and inaugu- 
rated his present enterprise in 1879. The large 
business he now does shows that he has at- 
tained a high reputation in his special line and 
we believe that thei'e is no question but what 
one would have to search carefully and far 
before meeting with such an array of induce- 
ments in the Furniture and House Furnishing 
goods line as are offered by Mr. Record. Sec- 
ond-hand household goods of all kinds. Great 
bargains in Second-hand Carpets, Straw Mat- 
ting, Floor Oil Cloths. I'arties coming to 
Lewiston should not fail to visit this big estab- 
lishment and see his large collection of second- 
hand articles. He occupies eight floors 2G feet 
wide and (>0 feet long. Mr. Record is at all times 
ready to show goods and render such informa- 
tion as it is within his power to give. All 
grades of furniture are dealt in and the variety 
shown will suit all tastes and purses. 

The Sinsrer Manufacturing' Com- 
pany. Branch 217 Lisbon Street, Lewiston, S. 
D. LaRoe, Agent. What is there to be said new 
of the Singer Sewing Machine? It has been 
before the public for years, it has met and over- 
come competition of all kinds, it has gone into 
such general use that no other make can com- 
pare with it for an instant in this respect and it 
stands to-day at the head of the list as regards 
celebrity and general usefulness. Imitations of 
it without number have been made, business 
honor and integrity — even common decency — 
have been cast to the winds by some of' its 
rivals; money has been spent like water to 
counteract its overwhelming popularity with 
the people, but to no avail, so far as supersed- 
ing it, or even seriously interfering with its sale 
is concerned. A machine must have real and 
positive merits to withstand such assaults and 
it must be carefully constructed of the best 
materials to establish the record for fine work 
and durability which has so long been held by 
the productions of the Singer Manufacturing 
Company. Their Lewiston branch was opened 
in 1879, and in 1887 Mr. S. D. LaRoe assumed 
entire charge of it. He has proved himself to 
be the right man in the right place for he has 
^' boomed " the Singer in a manner in which it 


was never *' boomed " before in this vicinity, 
and has caused his rivals to gloomily ponder on 
their probable future. Mr. LaRoe was born in 
N'ew York State and is one of the most popular 
"Sewing Machine men" in the State. He 
believes in the Singer, talks Singer and acts 
Singer and if he don't cause the sales of that 
"old reliable" to mount up to heights never 
reached before in this corner of the Union it 
won't be any fault of his for he means business 
and relaxes no effort to attain that desirable 

J. P. LiOajfley, Manufacturer and Dealer 
in Fine Harnesses of all descriptions, Trunks 
and Traveling Bigs, No. 179 Main Street, Lew- 
iston. There is no doubt, whatever, but that 
the undertaking conducted by Mr. J. P. Long- 
ley at No. 179 Main Street, is a truly representa- 

tive one in every sense of the woid, for not only 
has it been carried on in this city for over forty 
years, but for the greater part of that time it 
has held its present leading position. Mr. 
Longley is a native of Greene, Me., and began 
operations alone in 1847. Business was after- 
ward continued under the style of Longley & 
Jordan, but in 1861 Mr. Longley assumed sole 
control again and has since retained it. The 
premises occupied, comprise three floors, and 
the manufacture and sale of Fine Harnesses of 
all descriptions, Trunks and Traveling Bags, 
Horse Clothing, Blankets, Robes, etc., are veiy 
extensively carried on, employment being given 
I to seven experienced and efficient assistants. 
A specialty is made of the Celebrated California 
and Cynthaana Trotting and Racing Boots, a 
complete line being carried of these valuable 
articles. Every order is assured prompt atten- 
tion and can be filled without delay, as a full 
selection of sizes is constantly maintained. 
These famous isoots need no words of praise 
from us. They have received the warmest en- 
dorsements from prominent horsemen, and are 
without doubt, practically unequalled in their 
special line. The Harnesses made and sold by 
Mr. Longley are also standard articles. They 
have stood the test of years of service under all 
conditions, and have a reputation of their own 
for durability and perfection of workmanship. 
Made of selected materials by picked workmen* 
it would be strange if they were not far supe- 
rior to the common article in the market, and 
experience has, as we have said, well estab- 
lished their merits. Low prices are quoted on 
all the goods sold here, and during the proper 
season special inducements are' off^i-ed in Seal 
Skins and other Fur Garments. 



" F. A. Conaat & Co., Insurance and Real 
Estate Agents, Room 2 Savings Bank Block, 
Lewiston. A concern whicli has gained the 
reputation of being one of the most reliable as 
well as one of the most enterprising in this sec- 
tion of the State is tliit one whose card is 
printed ab )ve, and its operations are rapidly 
extending as our residents become more gener- 
ally conversant with the advaata'j;es it has to 
offer. Business was inaugurated by Mr. F. A. 
Conant in 188], and was continued by laira alone 
up to 18S7, when Mr. J. Edward Lawrence be- 
came associated with him under the present 
firm name. Mr. Conant was born in Topsham, 
Maine, and is extremely well known in this city 
as a prominent Odd Fellow. Mr. Lawrence is 
a native of Richmond, Maine, and his associa- 
tion with Mr. Conant has doubtless been mu- 
tually profitable, for both gentlemen are thor- 
oughly acquainted with the Insurance and Real 
Estate business and spare no efforts to serve 
their customers in so superior a manner that 
relations are made permment which would 
otherwise be quickly dissolved. In the Insur- 
ance branch of this firm's business companies 
are represented having total assets of over 
$100,000,000, their names being as follows: Con- 
tinental Insurance Co., of New York; Buffalo 
German In,. Co., of New York; American Fire 
Ins. Co., of Philadelphia; Insurance Co., of 
North America, Philadelphia; Orient Ins. Co., of 
Hartford, Connecticut; Merchants Ins. Co., of 
Newark, New Jersey; Meriden Ins. Co., of Mer- 
iden, Connecticut; Traders Ins. Co.. of Chicago, 
Illinois; Holyoke Mutual of Salem; Cirard 
Mutual of Philadelphia; Anglo Nevada of San 

Francisco, also the New England Mutual Life 
Insurance of Boston. These organizations are 
among the most celebrated and popular in the 
country, and taken in connection with the Lan- 
cashire, the Sun. the London and Lancashire, 
and the Northern Insurance Companies of Eng- 
land, form a list which is hardly susceptible of 
improvement. F. A. Conant & Co., are pre- 
pared to make as favorable rates as any agency 
can in the insurance line, and their rajjidly in- 
creasing business shows that this fact is being 
taken advantage of. 'Iliey are also in a position 
to lend valuable assistance in the buying, sell- 
ing, renting or mortgiiging of real estate, taking 
charge of same, collecting rents, etc., and be- 
ing satisfied with reasonable commissions are 
able to guarantee satisfaction to their customers. 

F. E. Stanley, Artist Photographer, Sands 
Building, Lisbon Street, Lewiston. It is not too 
much to say that the so-called " Diy-Plate Pro- 
cess" has practically revolutionized photogra- 
phy, and the vast improvement in photographic 
work observable during the past few years, is 
largely due to the employment of the new sys- 
tem. Mr. F. E. Stanley of this city is without 
doubt one of the best-known photographers in 
the United States, and portraits hearing his 
name are accepted as the standard in all parts 
of the country, yet notwithstanding his excep- 
tional reputation, there are comparatively few 
people aware that he was one of the first to 
manufacture and use the now universally used 
l^rocess to which we have already alluded. Mr. 
Stanley was among the first to make practical 
use of this valuable discovery, and he now car- 
ries on a factory for the manufacture of Dry 
Plates, his productions being highly esteemed 
in the market for their uniformity and general 
reliability. But it is as an Artist Photographer 
that Mr. Stanley excels, and after a visit to his 
magnificent Studio and Reception Rooms, it is 
difificult to avoid too much enthusiasm when 
making mention of what is to be seen there. 
The entire upper floor is occupied in the Sands 
Building on Lisbon Street, (also a dry-plate fac- 
tory of three stories). An elegantly furnished 
apartment, forty feet square, is utilized for the 
display of some characteristic samples of Mr. 
Stanley's work, and no competent and disinter- 
ested judge can visit this room without becom- 
ing convinced that the fame of the establish- 
ment with which it is connected, has been 
honestly won. Taken as a whole, this is the 
largest Photographic Studio in New England, 
with the exception of that occupied by a single 
Boston concern, and as regards elaborateness 
and beauty of appointment, it is second to 
none. Lewiston people may well feel proud of 
the existence in their midst of an undertaking 
that is conducted on a more extensive scale even 
than those in New England's metropolis, but 
they are not asked to support the enterprise on 
the ground of local pride by any means. The 
work produced here is unsurpassed. Few estab- 
lishments in the United States can equal it, and 
the branch studio maintained at Bridgton, Me., 
also turns out photographs of the highest order 
of excellence. Photographing of every descrip- 
tion is done, and finishing in Crayon, Pastel, 
Water Colors and India Ink, will be attended to 



in the most artistic manner. Mr. Stanley is a 
native of Kingfield. Maine, and is one of the 
best known of our Lewiston business men. He 
has done much to advance the interests of the 
city, both directly and indirectly, and takes a 
genuine and an excusable pride in maintaining 
the reputation his establislmieut now holds. 
And now in closing, let us say a few words 
about prices. Mr. Stanley makes his charges 
as low as is consistent with the attainment of 
the best results. He is able t.) do so, having 
every facility, and having had long and varied 
experience. It is possible to obtain photographs 
cheaper than he will make them, and some may 
think they cannot afford to patronize him. You 
cannot afford to do otherwise. A po ">r photo- 
graph is one of the most expensive things im- 
aginable at any price, for it is absolutely useless, 
and is certainly not ornamental. Better not 
spend a cent on a portrait, if you cannot afford 
to get a good one, but the prices quoted by Mi-. 
Stanley are so reasonable, that no good excuse 
can be given by anybody for not taking advan- 
tage of them. 

T. L. Pratt & Co., 183 Lisbon Street, 

The variety of Stoves and Ranges open to the 
inspection of buyers is so great that choice often 
becomes a difficult matter, but guided by the 
advice of a responsible dealer who handles 
nothing but goods of best makes choice is no 
longer difficult ; so if you want a Stove or a 
Range or Kitchen Furnishing Goods of any 
kind just give Mr. T. L. Pratt a call at his store 
18;3 Lisbon Street, and he can supply you if 
anybody can, for his stock is large and so 
is his experience, and his goods are as trust- 
worthy as his prices are low. Perhaps you 
think this rather too high praise. Well, go and 
see for yourself, and if you don't find it to be 
fully justified by facts you are under no obliga- 
tion to act upon it. Mr. Pratt's business was 
established in 1872 by Messrs. Buckley and Pratt 
in Auburn, who were succeeded in 1874: by 
Messrs. Pratt and Jones, removing to Lewiston, 
who carried it on up to 1877, since which date 
Mr. Pratt has continued it by himself. He is 
one of the best known of our business men, and 
owes his success to having made the interests 
of his patrons his own. Two floors 75x25 feet 

are utilized, together with a basement, and the 
larpe stock carried includes Stoves, Ranges, 
Hardware, Paints, Varnishes and Brushes. Tin- 
ware, Iron-ware, Wooden-ware, Farming Tools, 
Plated Ware and Cutlery, Tin, Co;iner, and 
Sheet-iron work done with a thoroughness and 
skill worthy of the highest praise. 

Mrs. F. P. IVTooney, Ladies and Gents' 
Furnishings. 24.5 Lisbon Street, Lewiston We 
doubt if there is another establishment, pre- 
cisely similar to that carried on by Mrs. F. P. 
Mooney, at No. 24.5 Lisbon Street, in the city of 
Lewiston, and indeed the liberal support which 
this enterprise receive^, would seem to indicate 
that it had the field practically to itself. Mrs. 
Mooney handles Ladies' and Gents' Furnishings, 
and Dressmaking Goods in general, and makes 
a specialty of the doing of Sewing Work of all 
descriptions at short notice, and in the best 
possible manner. Her stock will be found to 
be skillfully and carefully selected, and as for 
her prices, they speak for themselves, the 
quality of the goods being guaranteed. As a 
Dressmaker, we feel that we can heartily and 
unreservedly recommend Mrs. Mooney, for she 
is not only experienced and expert in such 
work, but also has admirable taste in the adapt- 
ing of costumes to the individualities of their 
wearers. Every detail of the work is carefully 
and thoroughly done, and the result is found to 
prove satisfactory. Mrs. Mooney is in a position 
to fill orders at short notice, and her charges are 
very reasonable. 

Heath & Tainter, Sole Agents for the 
Household, New Home, and Domestic Sewing 
Machines, Mason & Hamlin, Worcester and 
Dyer & Hughes Organs, also a full line of 
Domestic Paper Patterns, 171 Lisbon Street, 
Lewiston. Every family should have a sewing 
machine of course, and every family should 
have one of first-class make, for an inferior 
sewing machine is not to be tolerated in these 
days of progress. There is certainly no reason 
why residents of Lewiston and vicinity should 
not have the best that the market affords in 
this line, for a single concern here ( that of 
Heath & Tainter, doing business at No. 171 
Lisbon Street) handles the Domestic, the New 
Home, and the Household Machines, and if 
these are not first-class articles, then there are 
none to be found in the market. The firm is 
constituted of Messrs. E. M. Heath and F. E. 
Tainter, the former a native of Princeton and 
the latter of Dixfield. Both are members of 
the Odd Fellows ( Canton ) and Mr. Heath is 
also connected with the Masons and the 
Knights of Pythias. One floor and a basement, 
measuring 85x30 feet are occupied and em- 
ployment given to three assistants. All kinds 
of machines are repaired at short notice, and 
machines are rented at reasonable charges. 
Go to the sign of the Gold Machine at No. 171 
Lisbon Street, and you will receive prompt 
attention and honorable dealing. A full line 
of Domestic Paper Patterns is carried, also 
Mason & Hamlin, Worcester, and Dyer & 
Hughes Organs, are very extensively handled. 
These instruments sell on their merits, for they 
are of superior design and construction and 
are offered at prices that speak for themselves. 



J. M. Fernald, Bookseller, Stationer and 
Newsdealer, No. 71 Lisbon Street, under Music 
Hall, Lewistou. It is easy enough to say to 
young people making a start in life — "Be 
diligent, industrious and honest, and you will 
succeed;" it is a very simple thing to do to ad- 
vise every ambitious youth on the threshold of 
mercantile life, to learn his business thoroughly 
in every detail so tliat he cannot fail, but the 
young people of the present age are practically 
inclined, and so are very apt to ask — "What 
assurance have I that in these times of strict 
competition, superior excellence will be appre- 
ciated and rewarded?" Then it is that the 
history of such an establishment as that con- 
ducted by Mr. J. M. Fernald can be pointed out 
with profit, for no better example could be 
wished of the results of a high combination of 
ability and industry. In the year 1877, the gen- 
tleman in question began operations in a little 
store having a frontage of 4|- feet, and corres- 
pondingly humble in all its appointments. 
Scarcely a decade has elapsed, but his business 
now requires the occupancy of a store measur- 
ing 85x35 feet, the employment of six assistants 
and the carrying of one of the largest assort- 
ment of books in the entire State; in fact, we 
believe, positively, the largest assortment, if 
Portland be excluded. Now this wonderful 
growth is not the result of "luck," it is not the 
result of an immense amount of capital skill- 
fully handled, but it is the result of faith, of 
patience, of courage, and above all, of industry, 
and therefore should prove the highest incen- 
tive to every wide-awake and determined be- 
ginner in life who has brains enough to fully 
realize the truth of the axiom — "like causes, 
produce like results." Mr. Fernald was born 
in Houlton, Me., and is a leading member of 
the Odd Fellows. He is a very popular mem- 
ber of the community, and few men could have 
attained his present position and excited less 
envy in the minds of competitox's. He supplies 
New and Second-hand Books on every subject, 
as well as Blank Books, Newspapers, Maga- 
zines, Albums, Games, etc. Second-hand 
School Books are made a specialty, and parents 
may often make a decided saving by calling at 
No. 71 Lisbon Street. 

Troy Laundry, 12 Ash Street, Lewiston, 
A. K. P. Quimby, Proprietor. Hot and Cold 
Baths. It would be difficult to find a more 
genuinely useful enterprise than that conducted 
by Mr. A. K. P. Quimby, at No. 12 Ash Street. 
Public Laundries have long since "come to 
stay," in spite of the determined opposition 
that greeted their advent, and the establishment 
to which we have reference, is one of the best 
equipped public laundries in the State. It is not 
only well-equipped, but well-managed also, and 
we can assure our readers that the utmost care 
is used in handling the fabrics submitted for 
cleansing, and lowest prices are charged; 
10 cents only for Shirts, and Collars and Cuffs 
for 2 cents each. Plain Family Washing for 35 
cents a dozen. As to the nature of the results 
attained, we have only to call attention to the 
announcement made by Mr. Quimby, at the 
head of all of his laundry lists — "All work 
guaranteed to give satisfaction, or no charge will 
be made." It will be seen that Mr. Quimby 

feels confident of his ability to suit the most 
fastidious, and indeed there is no reason why he 
should uot, for since his connection with this 
enterprise in 1887, complaints have been ex- 
tremely "few and far between," and whenever 
made, have been promptly and cheerfully at- 
tended to. Mr. Quimby was born in Farming- 
ton, and is thoroughly acquainted with his 
chosen business in every detail. He employs 
three competent and careful assistants, and 
delivers all work at short notice. Spacious 
premises are occupied, and Hot and Cold Baths 
may be had at low prices, (25 cents each, 5 
tickets for §1.00,) the best of facilities being 
provided, and auy desired heat obtained. 

C. O. Morrell, Dealer in Boots, Shoes and 
Piubbers of all kinds, corner of Main and Lisbon 
Streets, sign of Big Black Boot, Lewiston. The 
store carried on by Mr. C. O. Morrell, at the 
corner of Main and Lisbon Streets, is gaining in 
popularity daily, and ijresent indications are 
that it will soon become one of the largest 
patronized establishments of the kind is Lewis- 
ton. This gratifying state of affairs is not the 
result of "bull luck," by auy means, but is the 
legitimate outcome of the earnest and intelli- 
gent efforts Mr. Morrell has made to build up a 
trade since he assumed control in 18S3. At 
this date he succeeded Mr. C. S. Newell, who 
founded the undertaking in 1872. The store is 
50x25 feet in dimensions, and no space is thrown 
away, for the stock carried is large enough to 
utilize all available room, and it is as varied as 
it is extensive, comprising Boots, Shoes and 
Rubbers of every description, adapted to the 
use of Ladies, Gentlemen, Boys, Misses and 
Children. Mr. Morrell has an idea that a stock, 
to be attractive, must be constantly being re- 
newed, and he puts his prices at figures that 
make his goods more lively, thus enabling him 
to be continually offering fresh articles. Carry- 
ing a complete stock of each line of goods, he 
is able to tit the most difficult feet, and whether 
you want a Dress, Business or Working Shoe, 
he can supply it at bottom figures, every time. 
An important department of the business is the 
repairing of Boots, Shoes and Rubbers, and 
every i^reparation has been made to insure sat- 
isfaction in the filling of such orders. Sufficient 
assistance is at hand to enable customers to be 
served without delay, and the "Sign of the 
Big Black Boot" will be found a very desirable 
place to trade. 

P. E. Martin &Co., Merchant Tailor, 80 
Lisbon Street. We often hear of people being 
frightened before they are hurt, and in one 
sense of the word this is true concerning many 
who never think of having their garments made 
to order on account of the absurdly erroneous 
ideas they have concerning the cost of custom 
work. Visions of sixty dollar Suits and fifty 
dollar Overcoats flit through their brains, and 
they shudder to think of the awful extrava- 
gance of tliose wearing such apparel. Well, 
they are right. That is to say, a man who 
gives any such prices for his clothing, is either 
extravagant or else he has an income so far be- 
yond that of ordinary work-a-day mortals that 
he is to be envied perhaps, but certainly not 
imitated. Custom-made Clothing of excellent 



and durable quality may be had for about half 
such sums as those mentioned, and a visit to 
the establishment of P. E. Martin & Co., at 80 
Lisbon Street, will prove this to anybody's sat- 
isfaction. Mr. Martin inaugurated his present 
enterprise in 1877, and not a few have discovered 
the unusual advantages he offers to customers 
as his large and growing business indicates. 
One floor is occupied, measuring .50x25 feet, and 
employment is given to twelve skilled assist- 
ants. We have not Mr. Martin's price-list at 
hand, but we are sufficiently familiar with the 
average of his charges to assure our readers 
that they are as low as the lowest for honest 
and desirable work. A fine assortment of 
Suitings, etc., is at hand to select from, and 
orders will be filled at very short notice. 

A. E. Harlow, Dealer in Fruit and Con- 
fectionery, .58 Lisbon Street. Lewiston. Eesi- 
dents of Lewiston take a well-founded pride in 
their city and its " institutions." and one of the 
most popular establishments among them, is 
that conducted by Mr. A. E. Harlow at No. .58 
Lisbon Street. There is ample excuse for the 
favorable manner in which this enterprise is 
regarded, for there is not a similar undertaking 
in Maine that is more liberally or progressively 
conducted, and the elegant store and extensive 
stock are certainly worthy of the highest enco- 
miums. Mr. Harlow was born in Winthropand 
is a member of the Knights of Pythias. The 
premises utilized by him. comprise two floors 
of the dimensions of 50x.>0 feet, and the busi- 
ness done, includes manufacturing. Wholesale 
and retail Confectionery of about every descrip- 
tion is made and sold, and the delicious flavor- 
ing, etc.. of Mr. Harlow's productions, is so 
well known that we only need give it passing 
mention. Great care is exercised in the selec- 
tion of material and in its after handling, and 
we can confidently recommend the Confection- 
ery made here, as being not only palatable but 
healthful as well. Mr. Harlow is in a position 
to quote bottom prices on his goods, and the 
very heavy trade he carries on is proof that the 
inducements he offers are generally understood. 
Fruit and Soda Water are sold as well as Confec- 
tions, and as four competent and polite assist- 
ants are employed, prompt attention may be 
given to every caller. 

Joseph LeBlanc, Proprietor of the Lewis- 
ton Steam Dye House. Clothing of all Descrip- 
tions Cleansed, Dyed, and Neatly Eepnired. 
Ladies' Dresses Cleansed, Dyed and Finished 
Without Ripping, No. 141 Main Street, Lewiston. 
Perhaps some of our readers on seeing the head- 
ing of this article will exclaim, " Oh those dye 
houses are frauds ! I have hnd the last thing 
dyed I ever will have for I never yet got the 
worth of my money !" But hold on a minute. 
Have you ever tried the Lewiston Steam Dye 
House, of which Mr. .Toseph LeBlanc is the 
proprietor ? No ? Ah ! We thought not ! 
You should remember that there are dye 
houses and dye houses, and that because you 
have chanced so far to have dealings only with 
incompetent dyers it by no means follows that 
all dyeing establishments are worthy of con- 

demnation. Mr. LeBlanc is a native of Canada 
and inaugurated his present enterprise in this 
city in 1886. He began operations with no 
flourish of trumpets whatever, confident that 
the merits of his work had only to become 
known to insure him a large patronage, and the 
progress of time has proved his confidence to 
be well-founded. Premises are occupied at No. 
141 Main Street, of the dimensions of 35x25 feet 
and an 8-horse steam boiler supplies the neces- 
sary steam, etc. Employment is given to five 
assistants, and a specialty is made of the 
handling of Clothing of all descriptions, the 
same being Cleansed, Dyed, and Neatly Re- 
paired at the shortest possible notice. Ladies' 
Dresses are Cleansed, Dyed, and Finished with- 
out Ripping, and a feature of the business which 
will be of particular interest to all housekeepers is 
the thorough Steam Cleansing of Feather Beds, 
Pillows, Bolsters, Curled Hair, etc. House fur- 
nishing goods are dyed in the most fashionable 
colors and finished in the most skillful manner, 
and Ostrich Plumes are given the utmost atten- 
tion, and are Curled, Cleansed, and Dyed any 
desired shade. 

K. M. Sykes & Co., Dealer in Clothing, 
No. 54 Lisbon Street, Opposite Lyceum Hall. 
The general introduction of machinery may 
have woi-ked hardship in some cases and 
doubtless there are many instances in which it 
has done so, temporarily at least, but on the 
whole the benefits accruing from its use must 
far exceed its effects in other directions, and in 
no special line have these benefits been more 
manifest or more widely disseminated than in 
that relating to the manufacture of Clothing. 
That a man can dress better to-day on a salary 
of $10.00 a week than he could a score of years 
ago on $15.00 is a fact too evident and widely- 
known to call for proof, and when we consider 
that from the time the wool leaves the sheep's 
back to when the goods, into which it has 
been made, are cut and sewed into shape, it has 
been handled almost entirely by machinery, 
we will see the potent influence exerted by this 
agency. A gentleman who is excejDtionally 
well-acquainted with the history and progress 
of Clothing mai)uf:i'"fure liaving been engaged 
in it for over a quaiUT of a century, is Mr. R. M. 
Sykes of the firm of 1!. M. Sykes <fc Co., doing 
business at No. 54 Lisbon Street, opposite 
Lyceum Hall. This concern began operations 
in 1858, and has for many years been consid- 
ered as one of the " institutions " of Lewiston. 
Mr. Sykes was born in Gorham. and is con- 
nected with the F'ree Masons and the Grand 
Army, having hosts of friends throughout this 
vicinity. Two floors are occupied of the 
dimensions of 95x35 and 40x.35 feet respectively, 
and a magnificent assortment is constantly 
carried of Mens', Boys' and Childrens' Clothing 
and Gents' Furnishings. There aie thiee 
courteous and well-informed assistants em- 
ployed and callers will meet with every atten- 
tion, and need feel under no obligation to buy 
as it is considered no trouble to show goods by 
this concern, which has a reputation for fair- 
dealing and low prices of which it may well 
feel proud. Satisfaction is guaranteed as all 
goods are strictly warranted to be as repre- 


Carman & .Thompson, Steam Heating 
Engineers, Practical Pipers and Machinists, 
Manufacturers and dealers in Radiators, Valves, 
Steam and Gas Pipe and Fittings, Boilers, En- 
gines, Pumps, Shafting, Pulleys, Hangers, and 
Engineers' Supplies, 48 Main Street, I.ewiston. 
Heating by steam has long since passed the 
experimental stage, and practically all well- 
informed men now agree that this is the 
cheapest, the safest, the most convenient, and, 
on the whole, the most healthful manner of 
supplying artificial heat. The arguments which 
have been urged against steam heating, had 
their rise in an imperfect knowledge of the sub- 
ject, and have no foundation in fact, when 
directed against a properly- designed and con- 
structed steam-heating plant. But we would 
most earnestly caution such of our readers as 
may contemplate the adoption of this system, 
to be sure and place their orders in competent 
hands, as otherwise, serious risk will be run, 
and much unnecessary expense incurred. The 
firm of Carman and Thompson aie well and 
favorably known as Steam Heating Engineer's. 
William \V. Carman and George F. Thompson 
are men who have made this branch of engi- 
neering a- special study, and their jnactical ex- 
perience has been such as to greatly aid them 
in obtaining a comprehensive idea of the diffi- 
culties to h& overcome in their profession. 
They are Practical Pipers and Machinists, and 
are extensive manufacturers of and dealers in 
Radiators. Valves, Steam and Gas Pipe and 
Fittings, Boilers, Engines, Pumps, Shafting, 
Pulleys, Hangers, and Engineers' Supplies in 

Lewi-ston Bleachery and. Dye Works. 

Bleaching, Coloring and Finishing of all kinds 
of Fabrics. Capital Stock, $3U0,0U0. Incorpo- 
rated January, 1872. Directors, Jacob Edwards, 
Lyman Nichols, George Uexter, Thomas Wig- 
zlesworth, Theophilus VV. Walker ; James 
Dempsey, Treasurer, Lewiston. An enterprise 
of vast importance as regards its influence upon 
the interests of Lewiston, is that carried on in 
this city under the name of the " JjCwiston 
Bleachery and Dye Works," and were it given 
an amonnt of space in this book commensurate 
with its comparative merits, it would cover ' 
several of our pages, and this amount of in- 
formation could be readily compiled if neces- 
sary, for an undertaUing of the nature of that 
alluded to involves the carrying on of so large 
a number of delicate and intricate operations, 
that a full description of them would be both 
voluminous and interesting. The Bleaching, 
Coloring and Finishing of Cotton Goods are 
done at these works fnr all this portion of New 
England, and as this part of the country pro- 
duces a mnch larger quantity of the articles 
mentioned tdan is required for its own con- 
sumption, some idea of the magnitude of the 
task may be attained, especially when we add 
that some five hundred horse-power is utilized 
in the running of the machinery used in per- 
forming the same. The plant covers about ten 
acres of gi onnd, and about one-half of this space 
is covered with buildings, of which ten are used 
altogether, employment being afforded to three 
hundred and seventy luinils. It would be idle 
for us to mention the quality of the work done, 
for it speaks for itself, and need fear no rivalry. 

general. Employment is afforded to forty com- 
petent assistants. The firm will furnish Esti- 
mates and Plans for the heating of Residences, 
Public Buildings, Greenhouses, etc., at short 
notice, and their facilities are such as to easily 
enable them to meet all honorable competition, 
both as regards the thoroughness of the work 
done, and the prices fixed ujion the same. It is 
always well to deal with responsible parties, 
and particularly so when purchasing anything 
in Messrs. Carman & Thompson's line. 

H. W. Barbour, Druggist, 268 Lisbon 
Street, Lewiston. While the question of adul- 
teration of food is of the highest importance, 
and is deserving of all the attention which has 
been given it, still it is well to bear in mind 
that other substances than those adapted to 
food are susceptible of adulteration, and that 
equally grave consequences may follow such 
treatment. That a physician's prescription 
may be rendered entirely useless by being com- 
pounded with impure material, requires no 
demonsti'ation, common sense teaches every 
person that such might easily be the case. 
The importance, therefore, of having recipes 
filled at a perfectly reliable establishment, can 
hardly be over-estimated, and the people of 
Lewiston and vicinity are fortunate in having 
so skillfully and carefully managed a pharmacy 
in their midst as that carried on by Mr. H. W. 
Barbour, at No. 208 Lisbon Street. The reputa- 
tion of this establishment is of course well 
known to most of our readers, the proprietor 
having been in business here for over thirty 
years, so this is one of the best-known drug 
stores in this part of the State, and is as popular 
as it is well known. Mr. Barbour carries a full 
stock of Pure Drugs, Medicines, and Chemicals 
at all times, and devotes his best energies to 
the task of so conducting his prescription de- 
partment as to give unqualified satisfaction to 
all who may patronize him. Precision and 
promptness are assured. Very moderate prices 
are quoted, and no pains are spared to maintain 
and increase the popularity of this branch of the 
business. All the new and popular proprietary 
medicines, together with a carefully selected 
assortment of Toilet Articles, Perfumery, Fancy 
Goods, etc., are to be found here. He is also 
sole proprietor of the celebrated Cosmetic, 
Floral Cream, one of the most popular articles 
for the complexion that has ever been intro- 
duced. Its large and increasing sale and the 
unsolicited testimony of many ladies and lead- 
ing physicians in this city, prove it to be almost 
the perfection of art, so that no lady's toilet is 
now deemed complete without it. It is not a 
paint, contains no injurious ingredients, and 
does not merely cover, but most effectually re- 
moves Moth, Tan, Freckles, and Sunburn from the 
face, causing it to look Fresh, Transparent and 
Smooth, however wrinkled or injured by the 
application of rancid preparations or irritating 
washes. All this the proprietor warrants it to 
do, and will refund the money to any lady who 
purchases it at his store, No. 268 Lisbon Street, 
if it fails to accomplish what it is recommended 
to do. This seems fair, and he will do as he 
says. If it does accomplish what he says, it 
is invaluable, if not, it costs you nothing, your 
money is returned. Ladies, give it a trial. 



C. S. Crowell & Co., Commission Mer- 
chants, Wholesale Dealers in Foreign and 
Domestic Fruit, Country Produce, etc., 161 
Main Street, near Lisbon, Lewiston. As long 
as so large an^ important a share of our busi- 
ness operations is carried on through Commis- 
sion Merchants it is obvious that the standing 
of any community in the mercantile world will 
be largely dependent upon the character and 
ability of tliose giving their attention to this 
branch of trade, and we therefore feel that no 
review of Lewiston's business interests would 
be complete were not mention made of such 
Commission Houses as might truthfully be 
called "representative." Prominent among 
these, is that conducted by Messrs. C. S. 
Crowell & Co., at No. Uil Main Street, near 
Lisbon, for during the 14 years that this enter- 
prise has been in operation (it was started in 1874) 
it has increased and developed, until now it is 
well worthy to be chosen as a leadei' among simi- 
lar undertakings prosecuted in this vicinity. Mr. 
C. S. Crowell is a native of Vassalboro, Me., 
and was formerly connected with our City 
Council. He is well known here, in business 
circles particularly, and is as generally esteemed 
as be is well known. A strictly wholesale 
business is done. Foreign and Domestic Fruit, 
Country Produce, etc., being extensively handled 
throughout the State, and the attention of those 
interested is called to the advantages derivable 
from dealing with this popular house. Returns 
are promptly made, and although it is not pre- 
tended that impossibilities can be accomplished 
and articles sold way above the market rates, 
still those consigning goods to Messrs. C. S. 
Crowell &. Co., may safely depend upon having 
their interests looked out for as carefully as 
could be wished. 

J". Parsons, Wholesale Dealer in Flour, 
Teas, Coffees, Spices, Tobaccos and Cigars, 
Haymarket Square, Lewiston. Among the 
most important wholesale houses of this city, 
mention should be made of that conducted by 
Mr. J. Parsons in Haymarket Square, for this 
is one of the most largely patronized in this 
section of the State, and the constant increase 
of its business proves that its future is to be a 
very bright one. The enterprise alluded to was 
inaugurated by Messrs. W. F. Trufant & Co., 
in 1879, and came into the possession of its 
present proprietor in 1887. Mr. Parsons had 
previously had an extended experience, bow- 
ever, in this same branch of trade, having car- 
ried it on since 1868, and so was admirably pre- 
pared to advance the interests of his new un- 
dertaking. That he has done so, no one famil- 
iar with the present extent of his trade can for 
a moment doubt, and this has been done by 
hard work and intelligent effort to meet every 
reasonable demand of his patrons. He is a 
native of Auburn, and is a member of the Free 
Masons, having a large circle of friends in this 
vicinity. The premises in use include one floor 
and a basement, and the stock carried is a very 
large and desirable one, comprising Flour, 
Teas, Cofltees, Spices, Tobaccos and Cigars. A 
Grist Mill is run at West Miuot, and grain can 
be furnished at bottom rates. Employment is 
afforded to four assistants, and all orders are 
attended to with the utmost celerity and accu- 

racy. Mr. Parsons is prepared to offer his cus- 
tomers genuine inducements, and dealers hand- 
ling goods in his line should give him a call. 

D. W. LiOwell, Manufacturer of fine Havana 
and Domestic Cigars, 182 Lisbon Street, Lewis- 
ton. Some physicians consider the use of 
tobacco injurious, others consider it harmless, 
and not a few advise and advocate its use on 
the ground that it is positively beneficial. This 
is a true statement in a nutshell of the prevail- 
ing condition of scientific belief on the subject 
and it indicates as all can see that the author- 
ities themselves are greatly at variance. But 
there is one thing they do agree on and that is 
if you use tobacco use that which is good, pure, 
and free. Jrom noxious adulteration. To obtain 
tobacco of this kind a reputable and well- 
known house should be patronized that caters 
to the best class of custom and does so large a 
business that it can afford to exercise the 
greatest care in the selection of the stock it 
handles and thus be in a position to positively 
assure its patrons that the goods supplied are 
sure to prove as represented. It is just such 
an enterprise that is conducted by Mr. D. W. 
Lowell at No. 182 Lisbon Street, and smokers 
grow enthusiastic when describing the variety 
of cigars and tobacco he has to offer, for they 
assert that for evenness and delicacy of flavor 
some of his special brands are without a rival 
at the price at which they are sold. The 
premises utilized measure 100x15 feet and there 
is employment given to ten assistants in 
filling the many orders received for Mr. Lowell's 
popular pi oductions. He is the sole manufac- 
turer of the famous " Weston " brand and in 
this alone a very large business is done. Both 
wholesale and retail orders are filled at the 
lowest market rates and courteous attention is 
given all callers. 

John Dickson, Lewiston Bakery. Wed- 
ding and Fancy Cakes a Specialty. No. 217 
Main Street. Lewiston. If " health is wealth," 
as we are told it is, then good Bread must be 
considered as the road to "wealth," for cer- 
tainly it is hard to keep one's health while eat- 
ing poor bread. A public Bakery that produces 
an excellent article in this line, and that can be 
deijended upon to furnish a uniformly superior 
grade of Cake, Pastry, etc., is that conducted by 
Mr. John Dickson, at No. 217 Main Street. Mr. 
Dickson was born in Scotland, and began oper- 
ations here in I8S4. He is connected with the 
Free Masons, and also with the Knights of 
Pythias, having a large circle of friends in this 
city. The premises utilized by him are of the 
dimensions of 5.5x3.5 feet, and employment is 
given to four efScient assistants. Although, as 
we have said, dealing extensively in Bread of 
fine quality, Mr. Dickson gives particular at- 
tention to the production of Wedding and 
Fancy Cakes, and he is known as one of the 
foremost makers of these goods in Lewiston. 
Some beautiful and original designs are con- 
trolled by him in the moulding and shaping of 
Wedding Cakes, and his prices are remarkably 
low, when the nature of the materials used and 
results attained are considered. Such orders are 
delivered promptly when promised, and entire 
satisfaction is guaranteed. 



Wm. Liydston, Eeal Estate Agent, No. 247 
Lisbon Street, Lewiston. Also Agent for the 
White Bronze Monuments and Head Markers. 
Prominent among those who have stiiven earn- 
estly and successfully to advance the best in- 
terests of Lewiston, stands Mr. William Lydston 





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the popular Real Estate Agent, and those at all 
familiar with this gentleman's past record, will 
join us in ascribing to him a large share of the 
credit fairly due to the public-spirited citizens 
who have labored early and late to give this 
municipality the position to which its extent 
and importance entitle it. Mr. Lydston is a 
native of Bowdoin, and since coming to this 
city has been closely identified with municipal 
affairs. He has served in both branches of the 
City Council and held the position of Street 
Commissioner for seven years. He became 
interested in the handling of Real Estate in 
1874 and has since become an authority in rela- 
tion to such property as his opportunities for 
becoming intimately acquainted with it have 
been of the best, and he has improved them to 
their full extent. He is prepared to Buy, Sell, 
or Exchange Real Estate, and to negotiate 
Loans and Collect Rents. The advantages of 
being represented by a man of Mr. Lydston's 
experience and position are obvious and many 
property owners avail themselves of his ser- 
vices. His ofSce is located at No. --'47 Lisbon 
Street, and callers may see samples of the 
famous White Bronze Monuments and Head 
Markeis for which Mr. Lydston is agent. 
These Monuments, etc., are much preferable to 
those made of stone, as they are practically 
indestructible and will not corrode or moss 
over, even if put under shade trees. They are 
supplied at reasonable rates and a variety of 
tasteful designs are offered. 

Mrs. M. B. Barker, (formery Mrs. M. B. 
Sprague,) Dealer in Pianos, Organs and Musical 
Merchandise. Pianos and Organs to Let. No. 
42 Lisbon Street, Lewiston. We believe that 
the public generally appreciate the fact that 
the cheapest Piano or Organ to buy is an instru- 
ment that is strictly first-class in every respect, 
and hence we will not waste space in arguing 
as to the truth of this proposition. Those who 
think that the lowest-priced instrument is inva- 
riably the cheapest are very decidedly mis- 
taken, but as such people only learn (if they 
learn at all) from experience, we will not ad- 
dress them in this brief article. It is no harder 
to obtain one's money's worth in the purchase 
of a I^iano or an Organ, than in the buying of 
any other standard article of trade, but it is 
necessary to bear in mind the fact, that to secure 
honorable treatment, you must deal with an 
honorable establishment. This store, conducted 
by Mrs. M. B. Barker, (formerly Mrs. Sprague), 
has gained so wide-spread a reputation for en- 
tire reliability, that few, if any, of the residents 
of Lewiston or vicinity can be ignorant of it. 
Mrs. Barker deals in Pianos, Organs and Musi- 
cal Merchandise in general, and occupies one 
floor of the dimensions of 80x8.5 feet, at No. 42 
Lisbon Street. She represents the " Behning," 
and other first-class Pianos, and is prepared to 
furnish either a Piano or an Organ at the manu- 
facturers' jjrice. Instruments may be hired 
here at reasonable rates, and will bo delivered 
promptly when agreed upon. Frames, Pictures, 
Christmas, Easter and Birthday Cards are also 
dealt in largely, and very reasonable rates quoted 
on the same. 

A. G. Potter, Proprietor of Central Dining 
Room, 5^ Central Block, 171 Main Street, Lew- 
iston. A good-natured hungry man is a phe- 
nomenon very rarely seen, for when anyone 
is really hungry, he is apt to forget politeness 
and everything else except his desire to be well 
fed as soon as possible. Good nature is a high- 
ly desirable thing for every man to have, and 
as the satisfying of hunger will go so far 
toward assuring it, we take pleasure in calling 
the attention of our readers to the Central 
Dining Room, located at No. b^ Central Block, 
No. 171 Main Stret, for every man eating at that 
popular resort is sure to leave it in a happy 
frame of mind, tliat is, if a hearty and nuti'i- 
tious meal at a fair price can bring about that 
result. The proprietor of this establishment is 
Mr. A. G. Potter, who is a native of this State 
and who founded the undertaking in question 
in 1877. The entire premises utilized com- 
prise three floors of the dimensions of 5.5x40 
feet, there beins 14 desirable rooms available 
for the accommodation of lodgers. Temporary 
or permanent sojourners in Lewiston will find 
that it would be difficult to hit upon a more 
satisfactory and economical plan of living than 
to lodge and board at this establishment, for it 
combines the advantages of a hotel with those 
of a boarding house, and has few if any of the 
drawbacks of either. Mr. Potter supplies his 
tables with plenty of healthful, nutritious and 
seasonable food, stinting neither in quality or 
quantity. Employment is afforded to five com- 
petent assistants, the service is prompt and the 
cooking good, and in fact the person who can't 
be satisfied here must be very hard to suit. 




Androscogrffiii Mills, Cotton Goods of all 
kinds, Canal Street, Levviston, Me. Lewiston 
is known to be the principal seat of the manu- 
facture of cotton pjoods in this State, and as the 
Androscoggin Mills easily take the precedence 
in this city in the industry mentioned, they 
may reasonably be accepted as making up the 
representative enterprise of the State of Maine 
as regards the manufacture of Sheetint;s, Shirt- 
ings, Seersuckers, Grain Bags. Etc. This great 
enterprise was inaugurated in 186U, and requires 
a capital of $1,000,000 for its prosecution, there 
being 1,000 operatives employed, and 62,000 
spindles and l,8o8 looms run. About 210,000 
yards of Cotton Goods, and 60,000 Bags are pro- 
duced weekly, and a better idea of what a great 
quantity this is may be gained from the fact 
that 210,000 yards are more than 119 miles, or 
in other words, the weekly output of cloth from 
these mills would more than reach from Port- 
land to Boston. To properly handle the im- 
mense amount of "raw material" utilized in the 
carrying-on of an enterprise of such magnitude 
requires a very extensive and superior equip- 
ment, and an inspection of the Androscoggin 
Mills will show that all necessary facilities are at 
hand to enable goods to be made combining a 
maximum of excellence with a minimum of 
cost. Three large buildinirs are occupied, two 
of them three and the other five stories in 
height, and a spacious store-house one hundi-ed 
feet square is also utilized. Both water and 
steam-power are required to drive the necessary 
machinery, and a boiler house, measuring 7ox3S 
feet, together with an engine house of about 
the same size, are maintained. The Treasurer 
is Mr. George F. Fabyan, Boston, and the Resi- 
dent Agent, Mr. George W. Bean, the Selling 
Agents being Messrs. Bliss, Fabyan & Co., of 
No. 100 Summer Street, Boston, Mass. To sat- 
isfactorily dispose of so heavy an amount of 
goods as this corporation produces is of itself 
a task of no mean magnitude, but its perform- 
ance is greatly facilitated by their high repu- 
tation for durability and general excellence, | 

and a brisk demand exists for them among 

Bate.s Manufacturing' Co., Manufactur- 
ers of Ginghams, Seersuckers, Table Cloths, 
Quilts, Damasks, Etc , Canal Street, foot of 
Pine, Lewiston, Me. The residents of Lewiston 
and vicinity are so accustomed to the sight of 
the great mills located in that city that they are 
very apt to forget what truly stupendous enter- 
prises they are, and how much the prosperity 
of the municipality is bound up in them. Taking 
only one — that conducted by the Bates Manu- 
facturing Company — as an example, we tind 
that this enterprise was inaugurated in 1852; 
that it requires the occupancy of four immense 
five story buildings of the dimensions of 275x75 
feet, and that it affords employment to over 
1,800 operatives. Now, without taking into 
consideration the amount which this corpora- 
tion pays out in taxation, without even consid- 
ering the increased value given to real estate 
by the attracting to this community of the large 
number of people directly and indirectly con- 
nected with the mills, think of the grocers, the 
butchers, the tradesmen of all kinds who owe 
the bulk of their business to the employees of 
this company, and it will be seen that its influ- 
ence in the development of Lewiston's business 
has been, and is, potent and far-reaching. 
Ginghams, Seersuckers, Shirtings, Quilts, 
Damasks, Tablecloths, and all kinds of Colored 
Cotton Goods are made, and 68,632 spindles and 
1,559 looms are kept in operation to supply the 
market. The company has a capital of $1,000,- 
000, and aboard of officers made up of the fol- 
lowing gentlemen: President, J. W. Clark; 
Treasurer, Jacob Edwards; Agent, H. L. Pratt, 
of Lewiston; Directors, Jacob Edwards, Dexter 
N. Richards, Jas. W. Clark, J. VV. Brown, Jos. 
H. Gray, O. H. Alford, Moses Kimball. The 
Paymaster and Clerk is Mr. Ralph W. Potter, of 
Lewiston, and the Selling Agents, Bliss, Fabyan 
& Co., of Boston. 



Samuel E. May & Co., Bankers and 
Brokers, and Dealers in Government Securities, 
No. 17 Lisbon Street, Lewiston. In directing 
the particular attention of our readers to the 
banking house of Messrs. Samuel E. May & Co., 
doing business at No. 17 Lisbon Street, this 
oity, we feel that however strongly tempted we 
may be to eulogize the honorable business 
methods of this old, established concern, it will 
perhaps be as well for us to remain silent, as 
otherwise our praise may be consideied as pre- 
sumptuous, and the expression of our honest 
appreciation as offensive patronage. Neverthe- 
less we are inclined to take the risk of being 
put in a false position as we are endeavoring to 
make this history of the commercial develop- 
ment of Lewiston as complete as possible, and 
the concern to which we have reference has 
played an important part in the bringing about 
of that development. Messrs. Samuel E. May 
& Co., began operation in 186.3, and continued 
without change until the death of the senior 
partner in 1886, since which time the business 
has been carried on under the same firm-name, 
so well and so favorably known to our mer- 
chants and to investors in general. The office 
is conveniently located at No. 17 Lisbon Street, 
in the Board of Trade Rooms, and seekers after 
information will find Mr. Wheelock at all times 
ready to lend such counsel and assistance as 
may be suggested by his long and varied experi- 
ence. The favorable relations established by 
this house during its extended and honorable 
career, give it peculiar advantages in negotiat- 
ing loans, etc., and enable it to fully protect 
the interests of its customers. Government 
Securities, and all first-class Investment Securi- 
ties are dealt in very extensively, principally 
New England, City, County, and R. R. Bonds, 
also Letters of Credit and Foreign Drafts, 
and those seeking a safe investment for surplus 
funds would do well to ascertain what Messrs. 
S. E. May & Co., can do for them in this line. 

Mrs. L. Atwootl, Fine Millinery, No. 9 
Lisbon Street, Lewiston. The ladies of this 
city are to be congratulated on having so first- 
class an establishment so easy of access as that 
conducted by Mrs. L. Atwood at No. it Lisbon 
Street, and that they appreciate the advantages 
which this lady offers in the course of her busi- 
ness operations is proved by the liberal and 
constantly increasing patronage accorded her. 
Mrs. Atwood's enterprise was inaugurated in 
187G. being the pioneer in its line in this city, 
and its celebrity is by no means confined to 
Lewiston, but extends for a considerable dis- 
tance throughout tlie vicinity of the city. Fine 
Millinery of all descriptions is handled and tlie 
stock exhibited is well worth careful inspection, 
for it comprises all the most fashionable and 
popular novelties in the goods mentioned, and 
the utmost taste has been shown in its selection 
and arrangement. The store is (i.')x35 feet in 
dimensions and employment is afforded to six 
skilled assistants, a specialty being made of 
custom work, and no pains spared to keep up 
the very high reputation long since won by this 
establishment in this department of its busi- 
ness. Ribbons, Laces, and all kinds of Trim- 
mings may be had here at the lowest market 
rates, andj their quality is at all times guar- 

anteed to prove as represented. It is in the 
Embroidery Department, however that Mrs. 
Atwood's enterprise is most widely and favoi'- 
ably known, and the specimens shown of this 
industry are beyond description and must be 
seen to be appreciated. Embroidery is done 
to order at low prices and very elegant effects 
are obtained. 

Dr. Emery Bailey, Dentist, Journal Block, 
20 Lisbon Street, Lewiston. It is a thing to be 
regretted, that so many people invariably asso- 
ciate the idea of Dental operations with more 
or less severe pain to the one operated upon, 
for such a state of feeling results in the teeth 
being neglected and allowed to go to ruin, 
when, if they were attended to in time, they 
might have done good service for years to 
come. It may be stated with perfect truth, 
that by the use of the improved appliances, 
etc., furnished to Dentists of the present day, 
it is possible for a skilled operator to entirely 
avoid the infliction of pain in the majority of 
cases, and if those whose teeth require atten- 
tion would only submit them to a competent 
dentist in season, they would save themselves 
much inconvenience, expense and anxiety. 
Care should of course be taken to select a prac- 
titioner who is fully informed regarding the 
latest accepted theories, etc., of his profession, 
and in this connection we beg leave to call at- 
tion to the admirable facilities at the command 
of Dr. Emery Bailey, at his spacious and finely 
equipped rooms in Journal Block, No. 20 Lis- 
bon Street. This gentleman has served the 
Lewiston public in his present capacity since 
1876, and there is not a Dentist in the city (or 
for that matter, in the State either) that holds 
a higher or more deserved reputation for giving 
careful attention to the best interests of his 
patrons. Dr. Bailey was born in Woolwich, Me., 
and is connected with the Free Masons and K.of 
P., of which he holds the office of Grand Pre- 
late of Grand Lodge, with the Royal Arca- 
num and Red Men, of which he is Sachem. 
He carries on Dentistry in all its branches, and 
is very popular, owing to the gentleness and 
care he uses, as well as to the thoroughness and 
skill with which he carries out every operation 
entered upon. His charges are always moder- 
ate, and we can cordially advise our readers to 
make use of his services. 

J. L/. Peabody & Co., Central Market, 
Dealers in Meats, Groceries and Provisions, 
Oysters and Fish. A Full Line of Choice Cigars 
and Confectionery. No. 169 Main Street, 
Central Block, Lewiston. There are many 
reasons why the Central Market should be the 
favorite, which it undoubtedly is with the gen- 
eral public, and these reasons are so sound and 
conclusive that there is no danger of the estab- 
lishment in question losing its popularity, 
under its present management at least. The 
enterprise was inaugurated in 1874, under the 
firm name of Daily & Peabody, and ten years 
later the present style was adopted — J. L. Pea- 
body & Co. Mr. Peabody is a native of New Port- 
land and is connected with the Odd Fellows. He 
is very well known about town, for during his 
extended business career in this city he has 



made many friends and has gained a well 
deserved reputation for enterprise and liberal 
methods. The premises utilized by Mr. 
Peabody are located at No. 169 Main Street, 
(Central Block) and are of tbe dimensions of 
65x30 feet. One reason for the great popularity 
enjoyed by the utidertakino; is to be found in 
the variety and extent of the stock on hand, for 
it includes not only Meats, Groceries and Pro- 
visions of all kinds, but also Fish and Oysters 
and a full line of Choice Cigars and Selected 
Confectionery. The prices are as low as the 
lowest, for goods of equal quality, and the 
employment of two assistants makes it possible 
to assure prompt and courteous attention to all. 

A. W. & W. B. Antboiiie, First-Class 
Watchmakers and Jewelers, 75 Lisbon Street, 
Lewiston. No better evidence of the wealth 
and general prosperity of a community need be 
asked for, than that afforded by the successful 
carrying on in its midst, of such an enterprise 
as that conducted by Messrs. A. \V. & W. B. 
Anthoine, at No. 75 Lisbon Street. This under- 
taking was founded in 1S8<), by Mr. A. W. 
Anthoine, who is a native of Windham, and it 
was carried on by hiui alone ujj to 1887, when 
Mr. W. B. Anthoine became associated with 
him, this gentieraau being a native of Bidde- 
ford. The premises occupied are of the dimen- 
sions of 45x18 feet, and dtfoid accommodation 
for an extremely large and varied stock of 
Watches, Jewelry, Silver Ware, Precious Stones, 
etc. These goods are offered at the very lowest 
market rates, and we know of no establishment 
in the State where the retail buyer enjoys more 
advantages, for every article sold is tuUy war- 
ranted to prove as represented, while lower 
prices are quoted than many irresponsible 
dealers are able to offer, for this firm enjoys 
the most favorable relations with manufactures 
and wholesalers, and gives its customers the 
full benefit of this state of affairs. All the 
leading makes of Watches are handled, and a 
reliable timekeeper may be purchased for a 
reasonable sum, while French Clocks are also 
largely dealt in as well as those of American 
manufacture. The assortment of Solid and 
Plated Silver Ware, is complete in every depart- 
ment, and embraces all the latest and most 
fashionable designs, and the Solid Gold Goods 
offered are also remarkable for beauty and for 
novelty. Particular attention is given to the 
Repairing of Fine Watches, and many of our 
readers will doubtless be glad to learn where 
they may have work of this kind done with the 
assurance of a satisfactory result. Employment 
is given to three competent and polite assist- 
ants, and orders for Custom Work, Repairing, 
etc., are filled at short notice. Both members 
bers of the firm are very well-known about 
town, and the senior partner is connected with 
the Knights of Pythias, while Mr. W. B. An- 
thoine belongs to the Odd Fellows. 

Darrah's Kid Glove Store, No. 117 Lisbon 
Street, Lewiston. Every person that desires to 
appear well-dressed should remember that it is 
in the minor details of the toilet that the most 
care should be exercised, for it is apt to be just 
here that the difference between perfect and 

imperfect dress is most observable. The matter 
of gloves is a very important one in this con- 
nection and no one can aff"ord to be careless in 
the selection of these articles for if the gloves be 
ill-fitting or of bad style they will spoil the 
effect of the most elaborate costume. As there 
is such a great difference in the hands of peo- 
ple — one having a long and slender hand, 
while another's is just the reverse — the only 
way to assure getting a good fit is to visit an 
establishment which makes a specialty of 
Gloves, and carries so large a stock as to be able 
to guarantee that satisfaction will be given in 
this respect. A Lewiston enterprise which for 
many years has held a leading position among 
similar houses in this portion of the State is 
that located at No. 117 Lisbon Street, and 
known as " Darrah's Kid Glove Store," and all 
our readers who may be in need of Gloves 
should certainly give this establishment a call, 
as they will find as large and select a stock and 
as low prices as are obtainable anywhere. Mr. 
W. C. Darrali founded the business he now 
conducts over 20 years ago and has steadily 
added to his trade until now it has reached 
immense proportions. Ladies' and Gentlemen's 
Gloves of all descriptions are offered, made 
and finished in first-class style and guaranteed 
as to fit and durability. Employment is 
afforded to two assistants and no delay is 
experienced in being waited upon, excepting at 
rare intervals. A specialty is made of the sale 
of Infant's Wear, and many beautiful goods are 
shown in this department. 

G. M. Allen, (Successor to Teague & 
Hale), Registered Druggist, 28 Lisbon Street, 
Lewiston, Me. It is safe to say that there are 
few, if any, establishments in this city that are 
better known to the public at large than is that 
conducted by G. M. Allen, (Successor to Teague 
& Hale,) at Nos. 28 and 30 Lisbon Street. Opera- 
tions were begun by Mr. VV. A. Teague, in 1884, 
and in 1885, Mr. S. A. Hale was admitted to part- 
nership under the existing firm-name. Mr. Allen 
succeeded to the business March 1, 1888. This 
gentleman is a native of Waldoboro, and had an 
experience of thirteen years before coming here. 
He is a member of the Knights of Pythias, Odd 
Fellows and Red Men. Originally, Mr. Teague 
confined his efforts to the carrying on of a first- 
class drugstore, but on becoming associated with 
Mr. Hale, another store was obtained, adjoining 
the old one, and the business of Cigar Manu- 
facturing was engaged in. Great success has 
been won in this new field of effort, but the 
drug department is by no means neglected, and 
no pains are spared to carry on a Family 
Pharmacy that shall be satisfactory in every 
respect. Employment is given to a competent 
assistant, and every customer receives prompt 
and careful attention. Prescriptions are filled 
with the utmost accuracy and at extremely low 
rates, the assortment of Drugs, Medicines, and 
Chemicals in stock, being very extensive and 
made up of fresh and pure goods. A full line of 
attractive Holiday Goods is offered which is not 
excelled in the city for beauty and variety. 
Mr. Allen pays particular attention to the sale 
of the "Nordeck" Cigar, and if you want an 
enjoyable and fragrant smoke at a small ex- 
pense, just try one of these popular Cigars. 



Chandler & Estes, Dealers in School and 
Miscellaneous Books, Blank Books, Stationery, 
Paper Hangings, Window Shades, Pictures and 
Frames, Artists' Materials and Fancy Goods, 
100 Lisbon Street, Lewiston. If Mr. J. C. 
Batcheller, when he founded the business now 
carried on by Messrs. Chandler & Estes, could 
have forseen the way in which it was destined to 
develop, he would doubtless have been proud of 
his work, but forty years is a long time and near- 
ly that period has elapsed since he inaugurated 
the enterprise alluded to in 1849. Ten years 
later he was succeeded by Dresser & Varney, 
who in 1865 gave place to Mr. T. M. Yarney, 
and he in turn to French Brothers in 1870. In 
1877 Mr. Benjamin Chandler assumed control 
and in 1880 this gentleman entered into partner- 
ship with Mr. I. H. Estes under the present 
firm name. Mr. Chandler was born in Unity, 
Me., and Mr. Estes in this city, the former being 
connected with the Free Masons and the latter 
with the Odd Fellows and the Knights of 
Honor. The relative position of the enterprise 
carried on by this house is soon stated. It 
stands at the head. Occupying a store of the 
dimensions of 8.5x40 feet, every inch of avail- 
able space is utilized for the accommodation 
of a stock as varied as it is extensive, and as 
desirable as it is varied. School and Miscel- 
l.aneous Books are largely dealt in and a fine 
assortment of Blank Books is shown, contain- 
ing shapes and sizes suitable for about al! the 
many purposes to which these articles are put. 
An elegant selection of fashionable Stationery 
is also offered and in the line of Paper-hang- 
ings it would be difficult indeed to excel the | 
variety exhibited. Window Shades in the most 
popular jjatterns are at hand and the prices 
quoted on them are so low as to merit special 
attention, while the collection of pictures exhib- 
ited must be seen to be appreciated. Artists' 
Materials of choice quality are sold at bottom 
prices, and the firm act as agents for the 
Boston Papers, and carry a complete assortment 
of the leading periodicals and news publica- 

fitted to assure satisfaction to all parties con- 
cerned in the carrying on of such operations, 
Mr. Small having been engaged extensively in 
Eeal Estate for the past twenty years, not only 
in New England, but in the South and West. 
He buys, sells and exchanges. Those wishing 
to raise money either on Real Estate or per- 
sonal property at a low rate of interest, or any 
business transacted in the auction line, will 
find that their interests would be best served 
by leaving their orders here. The business has 
been conducted in such a manner as to inspire 
the fullest confidence, and all customers find 
that promptness and reliability which alone 
insure success. This firm deals in all kinds of 
investments, but makes a specialty of Western 
and Southern Loans. The facilities for effect- 
ing safe investments are thus unsurpassed. 
This firm also transacts a general insurance 
business and are agents for the Dwelling House 
Insurance Co., of Boston, Mass. 

J. T. Small & Co., Real Estate Brokers 
and Auctioneers, City and Country Property 
Bought, Sold and Exchanged, Hents Collected, 
Mortgages Negotiated, No. X Lyceum Block, 
Lisbon Street. Any person — stranger or old 
resident — who may wish to obtain information 
regarding Lewiston. Real Estate, would do well 
to call upon Messrs. .1. T. Small & Co., at Room 
3, Lyceum Hall Block. Lisbon Street, and make 
known his wishes to them. This firm makes a 
specialty of the handling of this class of prop- 
erty, and are regarded as authorities concern- 
ing it. They do a large business, but find time 
to give all customers prompt and painstaking 
attention, cheerfully affording any information 
in their power to give. Complete lists are kept 
of the desirable Real Estate on the market, either 
for hire or sale, and many weary steps and not a 
few disappointments may be avoided by 
" house-hunters " who will make use of the 
facilities here provided. City, Farm, and 
Country Property handled. The negotiation of 
Mortgages and Loans is a prominent feature of 
the business and no firm in Lewiston is better 

J. C. liOrd & Sod, Dealers in Groceries, 
Flour, Meats and Provisions. No. 30 Ash 
Street. No one can visit the store of J. C. Lord 
& Son, located at No. .SO Ash Street, without 
at once becoming aware that a more than 
usually large business is done there and the 
more completely investigations are carried out, 
the more plainly evident it will become that 
this is one of the leading establishments of the 
kind in this city, and yet it is not of very long 
standing either, comparatively speaking. Busi- 
ness was begun in 1861 by .1. C. Lord, who suc- 
ceeded to the business of L. P. Huntoou in 
1888. He is a native of Albany, N. Y. ; and his 
son, E. .L, of Lewiston. Both are members of 
the Odd Fellows. Mr. E. J. Lord belongs to 
the Red Men. Their knowledge of the Grocery 
and Provision trade is best vouched for by the 
brilliant success that has attended their efforts 
to increase the scope of their operations. The 
premises occupied include one floor and a 
basement and measure 65x20 feet. An im- 
mense stock is carried, particularly in the line 
of Flour. Messrs. Lord & Son make a specialty 
of this valuable product, and offer an unsur- 
passed assortment of staudard and popular 
brands at bottom prices. Staple and Fancy 
Groceries, Meats, and Provisions are also 
handled very extensively, and attention might 
well be given to the excellence of the various 
grades of Tea and Coffee offered, and the re- 
markably reasonable prices quoted in this 
department. Messrs. Lord & Son employ three 
competent and polite assistants and guarantee 
the prompt delivery of orders. 

Wade & Duntoii, Manufact\irers of and 
Dealers in Carriages and Sleighs, Park Street, 
Lewiston. The average man does not buy a 
Carriage or Sleigh every day in the week, by 
any means, and when he does purchase one, 
it is but natural that he 
should be anxious to get 
a vehicle on which he can 
depend, for, monetary con- 
siderations aside, one does 
not like to trust his fami- 
ly, or even himself, in a 
carriage which there is 
any reason to believe is not strongly and dura- 



bly made. It is principally for this reason that 
we should advise such of our readers as contem- 
plate the purchase of :i vehicle of this descrip- 
tion to visit the establishment of Messrs. Wade 
tfe DuntOD, on Park Street, for there they will 
find a large and varied assortment of the pro- 
ductions of all the best makers (for this firm 
does not confine itself to the handling of its 
own productions,) and each and every carriage 
sold is fully guai-anteed to prove as represented 
in every respect. This business was founded 
in 1857, by Messrs. Potter, Thompson & Co., 
who were succeeded by the existing firm in 
1887. Mr. T. W. Wade was born in N. Y., and 
Mr. E. L. Dunton in Gardiner. Three buildings 
are occupied, measuring 45x60, .50x75 and 38x40 
feet in dimensions, respectively, and employ- 
ment is afforded to eighteen assistants; Order 
Work and Repairing being done at short notice, 
in the best possible manner. No house is in a 
position to extend more positive and genuine 
advantages to its customers, as regards both 
quality of work and lowuess of price, and that 
this fact is appreciated the constantly increas- 
ing business shows. 

Di's. N. Wooflbury & Son, Dentists, 
Pilsbury Block. Lewiston. " If 'twere done at 
all, 'twere best 'twere done quickly," is a 
Shakespearian quotation which may be studied 
with profit by all requiring the services of a 
dentist, for in their case the old saying "delays 
are dangerous," applies ten-fold. If people 
would more generally make a rule of visiting a 
competent dental operator at the first symptoms 
of decay in a tooth, they would save themselves 
much pain and more money. But it is well to 
assure one's self as to the competency of the 
dentist before submitting to his guidance and 
perhaps the best way of doing this is to ascer- 
tain the popular sentiment of the community 
concerning him. Applying this test, we be- 
lieve the preference in Lewiston would surely 
be given to Drs. N". Woodbury &, Son, for these 
gentlemen have practiced dentistry here since 
1871 and long prior to that date followed the 
same profession elsewhere, Dr. N. Woodbury 
having had an experience extending over a 
score of years in Auburn and Skowhegan. 
Both are natives of Auburn and are widely 
known in that city as well as in Lewiston Two 
rooms are occupied in Pilsbury Block, and 
every improved facility is at hand for the 
carrying on of Dentistry in all its branches. 
Engagements may be made in advance and 
annoying delays thus avoided, and all that care 
and gentleness can do to make things as agree- 
able as possible for patients will be done, while 
operations are carried on with great thorough- 
ness and at reasonable rates. 

Johu B. Smith & Co„ Practical Pipers 
and Plumbers, Wholesale and Retail Dealers in 
Boiler Tubes, Wrought Iron Pipe, Fittings, 
Valves, etc., Lead Pipe, and Plumbing Material, 
40 Lower Main Street, Lewiston. It seems to 
be impossible for some people to appreciate the 
the importance of having such work as Steam 
and Gas Fitting done only by those who com- 
bine experience and skill, and yet it would 

seem as if the frequent instances occurring on 
every side of waste or damage caused by defec- 
tive pipe laying would be of themselves enough 
to convince the most careless that not every- 
body is competent to undertake work of this 
description. Take it in Steam heating alone 
and it will be found that much of the undis- 
puted economy of that method over the system 
of heating by Stoves, Furnaces, etc., may be lost 
by the improper arrangement or unworkman- 
like fitting of Pipes and hence consideration of 
economy, not less than of safety demand that 
only skilled men should be entrusted with the 
carrying out of the necessary operations. Messrs. 
John B. Smith & Co., of No. 40 Lower Main 
Street, this city, make a specialty of Piping and 
Plumbing, and have every facility to fill orders 
at the very shortest notice and at the least pos- 
sible expense. Carrying as they do what is re- 
gai'ded by competent ci'itics as the largest and 
most complete stock of Pipe, Tubing, and such 
goods in the State, they are prepared to furnish 
anything in these lines without delay and at 
the lowest market rates. The business was 
begun in 1878 by ^Messrs. Smith & McClure and 
came under the control of the present firm in 
1880. Mr. Smith was born in Lowell, Mass., 
and is one of tlie most widely and favorably 
known of our citizens, having been connected 
with the Board of Aldermen for two years. 
The premises occupied are 45x35 feet in size 
and employment is afforded to twenty assist- 
ants. This firm are agents for the Gurney Hot 


Water Heater, and make a specialty of hot 
water heating, both a wholesale and retail busi- 
ness being clone and Boiler Tubes, Wrought 
Iron Pipe, Fittings, Valves, Lead Pipe and 
Plumbing Material very extensively.dealt in. 



W. li. IjOtlirop, agent for Ivers & Pond 
Pianos, 1S6 Lisbon street, Lewistou. If there 
was but one kind of piano manufactured, the 
task of choosing an instrument would be en- 
tirely done away with, and tlie imaginative and 
descriptive powers of many a hard-working 
salesman would not be so heavily drawn upon, 
as they are under present conditions. But there 
are many styles of piano on the market — sooae 
excellent, more good, still more fair, and even 
more yet positively bad. Those who buy as 
cheap an instrument as possible will chdose the 
latter, and afterward repent having done so. 
Others will pay a fair price and get a fair or 
good piano, and a few will order the highest- 
priced instrument to be found ; having plenty 
of money, and believing the most expensive to 
be necessarily the best. This belief is entirely 
erroneous. It is not only possible, but easy, to 
obtain as fine a piano as is manufactured, with- 
out paying an exorbitant price, and the way to 
do it is to visit Mr. W. L. Lothrop, at No. 18(3 
Lisbon Street, and order an " Ivers & Pond." 
"How do we know this?" you ask. By ex- 
perience. The Ivers & Pond piano is a high- 
grade, modern-built instrument, of sweet and 
powerful tone, responsive action, great dura- 
bility, and beautiful finish, and it is sold at a 
fair and reasonable price. These pianoa always 
(jive satisfaction, and you will never regret hav- 
ing chosen cue. Mr. Lothrop is a native of 
Leeds, Maine, and is connected with both the 
Masons and the Odd Fellows. He has been the 
county agent for the Ivers & Poud Pianos since 
1886, has made many sales, and has shown the 
instrument he handles to be the equal of all, 
and the superior of two-thirds of the pianos on 
the market today. 

Daniel Wood, Dealer in Crockery, China, 
and Glass Ware, Kerosene Goods, Cutlery, and 
Rogers' Silver Plated Ware, Lisbon Street, 
Lewiston. If there be any among our readers 
who are disposed lo believe that there is not an 
active demand in this community for goods of 
the finest quality and most beautiful design we 
would certainly advise an inspection of the 
stock of Mr. Daniel Wood, for this gentleman 
has been engaged in his present business here 
for 21 years, but has been in business in Lewis- 
ton for 40 years, and would not be apt to offer 
goods which he did not have good reason to 
believe would be in strong demand. As ele- 
gant an assortment of Crockery, China, and 
Glass Ware as is to be found in this portion of 
the State, may be seen at his establishment. 
No. 151 Lisbon Street, and no further proof can 
be needed of the general culture of the com- 
munity than the immense quantity of the finest 
goods annually sold by Mr. Wood. He is a 
native of Acton, Me., and began operations here 
iu 1848. In 1849 as Wood & Weeks. Seven 
years later he became sole proprietoi', and has 
since continued the enterprise alone. He is 
one of the most universally respected of our 
citizens, and it is to be regretted that his dislike 
for public office has prevented his expei-ience 
and integrity being employed in the direction 
of our municipal government, with the excep- 
tion of a single terra which he served as Coun- 
cilman. But nevertheless Mr. Wood has earned 

the gratitude of the public by supplying reliable 
and desirable goods at fair rates and we can do 
no better than to heartily advise all wishing^ 
anything in the line of Crockery, Glass Ware, 
Kerosene Goods, Cutlery, Rogers' Silver Plated 
Ware to procure the same at this store. It is 
of the dimensions of 25x100 feet, and twa 
courteous and well-informed attendants will 
give customers prompt attention. Wedgewood, 
Majolica and Japanese Wares are made special- 
ties and many beautiful novelties are shown. 

A. L. & E. F. Goss, Stoves, Agricultural 
Implements, etc., 41, 43 & 45 Main St., Lewiston. 
The enterprise couducted by Messrs. A. L. & E. F. 
Goss has been in operation for over a quarter 
of a century, this firm succeeding Mr. John 
Goss in 18(),5. To state that this concern ranks- 
with the leading houses iu the State engaged in 
handling Stoves, Furnaces, Agricultural and 
Dairy Implements, etc., is but to call attention 
to a well-known fact, for it is generally under- 
stood among the purchasing public that both 
as regards the variety and quality of the stock 
carried and the prices quoted on the same, 
Messrs. A. L. & E. F. Goss have no reason ta 
fear comparison with any of their competitors. 
Both members of the firm are natives of 
Danville and both are well known. Mr. A. L. 
Goss having been a member of the Lewiston and 
Auburn City Council while Mr. E. F. Goss has 
represented the same community in the Legis- 
lature. The premises occupied are very spacious 
consisting of four floors and basement of the 
dimensions of 65x90 together with a large store 
house for agricultural implements 1 Main St. — 
From these figures some idea may be gained of 
the size of the stock carried, and as the firm 
confines itself to no special make of goods but 
seeks to supply its customers with all such as 
experience has proved to be of real value under 
the conditions of practical use, it is obvious 
that no better place can be found at which to 
purchase anything in its line. Among the 
more popular of their specialties may be men- 
tioned the "Royal Clarion" and the "Royal 
Grand" Ranges, and the "Dining Room Com- 
panion," this latter stove being manufactured 
and patented by the firm. It is made in ten 
different styles and finishes and is without doubt 
one of the very best Parlor Cook Stoves on the 
market, being elegant in design, economical of 
fuel and requiring but little attention. Re- 
frigerators and Dairy Goods are also very ex- 
tensively handled at wholesale and retail, and 
in the line of Agricultural Implements no other 
house iu the State can make such a showing, 
for not only is the assortment unequalled, but 
every provision is made for carrying a full 
line of repairs in stock for all the different class 
of goods they handle. This of itself gives them 
a large trade to supply the wear and tear of 
their extensive sales for the last twenty-three 
years, which accommodation their patrons 
greatly appreciate. 

Georg"e H. Glover, Musical Instruments, 
149 Lisbon Str-eet, Lewiston. The motto "get 
the best" is an excellent one to follow when 
making purchases of any kind, as a general 



thiiiif. Imtit is particularly worthy of observance 
when choosin<j a musical instrument, as an in- 
ferior Jirticle of this kind is dear at any price. 
Such I if our Lewiston readers as are musically 
inclined, will be f^lad to learn of an establish- 
ment where Pianos, Organs and other musical 
instruments may be obtained at the lowest mar- 
ket rates, and of guaranteed quality, and we 
therefore take pleasure in calling their attention 
to the enterprise conducted by Mr. George H. 
Glover at No. 149 Lisbon Street. One floor of 
the dimensions of 75x50 is occupied, and an 
extensive stock carried, comprising not only 
musical instruments but also musical merchan- 
dise in General. Mr. Glover begun operations 
in 1877, then being located in Auburn. Ten 
years later he removed to his present quarters 
and is now better prepared than ever before to 
assure satisfaction to his customers. Repre- 
senting the Ciiickering, I'rescott and Ilallett & 
Davis he is certainly well able to supply the 
best that is to be had in the piano line, while as 
special agent for the Prescott Organs he can 
offer equal inducements in that direction. Brass 
Instruments, Music. Musical Merchandise etc., 
are furnished at prices that cannot fail to be 
satisfactory, and the goods are in all cases re- 
liable and iirstclass. Mr. Glover is a teacher 
of the Cornet and also gives instruction regard- 
ing the use of otiier instruments. Pianos and 
Organs are tuned at short notice in a first-class 
mannei-, and especial attention is given to the 
general repairing of musical instruments. 

W. E. a. Wortbley, Photographer, Pills- 
bury Block, Lewiston. That homely old 
proverb which declares that " The proof of the 
pudding is in the eating" goes straight to the 
root of the matter, as indeed all those homely 
old proverbs are wont to do, and no better 
instance of it can be found in modern life than 
that afforded by the work of the photographer. 
One may talk of "light and shade " of " atten- 
tion to details" of "artistic handling of a sub- 
ject," for hours and it will not give half the real 
insight into a photographer's skill that could 
be obtained by a few minutes' examination of 
his work. So we will not take up space in 
describing the many excellencies of the pro- 
ductions of Mr. \V. E. G. Wortbley of this city, 
but will simply invite our readers to visit his 
studio in Piilsbury Block, over the Young 
Men's Christian Association, and see for them- 
selves. This gentleman was born in Phillips, 
Me., and is a member of the Odd Fellows. He 
inaugurated his present enterprise in 1870 and 
has built up a very large and steadily increas- 
ing patronage by his prompt attention to 
orders and by always striving to do his best. 
Photographs of any desired size will be made 
and tliose who are most familiar with such 
work are the most outspoken in their praise of 
the system of finish and generally satisfactory 
character of Mr. Worthley's productions. India 
Ink and Crayon Portraits are also made in the 
very best manner and at low prices and a fine 
line of colored photographs is at hand for the 
inspection of those interested, and orders for 
coloring are executed in a superior manner and 
at low prices. The premises are .50x45 feet in 
dimensions, and employment is afforded to two 

C P. Ci'ossman, Proprietor of the Boston 

5 Cent Store, 5 and 10 Cent Counter Supplies at 
Wholesale and Retail, No. SS Lisbon Street, 
Opposite Music Hall, Lewiston. Lewiston's 
" Boston 5 Cent Store" is one that fully deserves 
its name, for after a thorough inspection of its 
stock and prices and a comparison of them 
with those of Bailey (who conducts what is by 
far the most exten.sive establishment of the 
kind in Boston or New England) we are pre- 
pared to assert that the comparison is by no- 
means entirely in favor of the Metropolitan 
enterprise. Of course it would be absurd to- 
intimate that our Lewiston store contained so 
heavy a stock, but it is a fact that in those lines 
that are carried by it, it offers fully as great 
inducements to buyers as Mr. Bailey ever did. 
The "Boston 5 Cent Store" was founded in 1881 by 
Messrs. Grossman A Davis and a year later Mr. 
C. P. Grossman assumed sole contiol, which he 
has since continued. He is a native of Smith- 
field, Rhode Island, and possessed of that 
liberal enterprise and readiness to take advan- 
tage of any peculiarity of the market without 
which, great success in such a business as he is 
engaged in is impossible. The premises occu- 
pied are of the dimensions of y5x4ti feet and 
a really tremendous stock of Glass, China, 
Crockery, Baskets, Tin Ware, in short all that 
endless array of articles carried in a store of 
this kind, is on hand and sold at wholesale 
and retail. Employment is afforded to four 
active land pnlite 'assistants and any article 
in stock will be promptly and cheerfully shown. 

N. J. Laugrhtou, Pianos and Organs, 
84 Lisbon Street, Lewiston, and 17 Court 
Street, Auburn. There is no more satisfying 
or gratifying evidence of the general prosperity 
of the people of this country, than that afforded 
by the immense number of Pianos and Organs 
sold annually, for although of course some of 
these instruments find their way into the homes 
of the rich, the great majority of them are pur- 
chased by working people. By this expression 
we mean, of course, all those who support 
themselves by the labor of their hands or 
brains as distinguished from those who are in 
receipt of an adequate income without necessity 
for personal exertion. The charms of music in 
the home, have been too often and too eloquent- 
ly described to need mention here, and the 
demand existing for musical instruments shows 
that these charms are generally appreciated. 
We have no set advice to offer regarding the 
selection of a Piano or an Organ, other than 
'• get the best." Don't buy an unreliable instru- 
ment at any price, and to get a reliable one, 
patronize a reliable dealer. Mr. N. J. Laughton 
of No. 84 Lisbon Street, Lewiston, and 17 Court 
Street, Auburn, acts as agent for some of the 
best manufaciurers in this country, and no 
mistake will be made by those leaving an order 
with him. He is a native of Auburn, a member 
of the Odd Fellows, and represents such houses 
as Decker Brothers, Wilcox & White, Krauch 

6 Bach, etc. One floor, measuring 45x25 feet is 
occupied, and employment given to two efficient 
assistants. A branch store at Auburn was 
opened in March 1888, with a full line of Pianos, 
Organs, and Musical Merchandise. No one 
wanting a Piano or an Organ should neglect 
paying Mr. Laughton a visit. 



The Blue Store, S. A. & I. B. Isaacson 
Proprietors, One Price Clotliitiij Establishment, 
Corner liisbon and Ash Street, Lewiston. 
Since the '• Blue Store " came under the con- 
trol of its present proprietors it has become one 
of the "institutions" of Lewiston and the 
advantages it has to offer in the way of Cloth- 
inpr, etc., are so pronounced and unusual that it 
may be considered as liaving no competitor in 
its own special line of business. One reason 
why it is in a position to offer inducements so 
^ireatly superior to those of rival houses is to 
be found in the fact that it is a branch of a large 
Boston concern. The Blue Store was originally 
opened in 1881, but it was not until 188(3 that 
Messrs. S. A. & I. B. Isaacson took it in charge. 
They have built up a business such as under 
ordinary circumstances would have been the 
work of a full decade in less than two years, and 
liave done it too by strictly legitimate and hon- 
orable methods. Some few dealers may com- 
plain because of the sudden cessation of the 
enormous profits they used to make, but what 
is their loss is the people's gain and the people 
show that they appreciate it by liberally patron- 

izing the house that sounded the death-knell of 
exhorbitant figures. Two floors are in use of 
the dimensions of 85xoo feet, and a stock of 
Clothing is carried which it would be very diffi- 
cult to equal in this city. Hats, Furnishing 
Goods, etc., are also exhibited in profusion and 
employment is afforded 1o ten assistants. Mr. 
S. A. Isaacson is a native of Russia and Mr. I. 
B. Isaacson of Boston, Mass., both gentlemen 
being connected with the Knights of Pythias 
and the first-named with the Odd Fellows as 
well. Not only is the concern a leading one in 
business circles, but the gentlemen constituting 
it are also very prominent socially and have 
hosts of friends throughout this section. 

W. R. Goodwill, Steam and Gas Fitter, 
and dealer in Steam and Gas Fitters' Tools and 
Supplies. Hot Water Heating a Specialty. 
No. 30 Main Street, Lewiston. Although Steam 
and Hot Water Heating are becoming more and 
more popular and widely used, as their advan- 
tages become better known, still there have 
been instances in which they utterly failed to 
give satisfaction, for with these systems of 
heating, much more than when stoves or fur- 
naces are used, a great deal depends ui)on the 
manner in which the necessary apparatus is 
adjusted. The moral is plain. Be sure that 
those who undertake to put in operation such 
arrangements for heating, are competent and 
responsible parties, and no mistake can possi- 
bly be made on this score if Mr. VV. R. Good- 
win be employed, for he has attained a reputa- 
tion for skillful and tliorough work in this line 
that could only have been won by sheer force 
of merit. Business was begun by Mr. David 
Bickford, and in 1886 this gentleman became 
associated with Mr. W. R. Goodwin, succeeded 
by Mr. Goodwin in 188T. One fioor is occupied 
tneasuring 40 x 2.j feet, and Wrought Iron Pipe, 
Fittings, etc., are extensively dealt in. There 
are six competent and careful assistants em- 
ployed, and those favoring this house with an 
order for either new work or repairing, may 
feel positively assured that the same will be 
filled in the most conscientious manner and at 
the lowest market rates. This is a representa- 
tive house and one worthy of unreserved com- 



Manufacturers' National Bank, Lew- 
iston. Althouf^h our National Banking system 
is no doubt imperfect in certain respects still it 
approaches as closely to perfection as most 
schemes of human origin, and on the whole has 
made a record since the war of which its 
sponsors need not be ashamed. It is not for us 
to act as a champion of the system for if any 
defence of it may be needed there are far abler 
pens than ours ready to enlist in such a cause, 
but we cannot refrain from suggesting that the 
most severe critics of our National Banks have 
not as a rule met with such brilliant success in 
the conduct of their private business affairs as 
to indicate that they were born financiers or 
far-seeing managers. Even the most prejudiced 
person however would scarcely have the audac- 
ity to deny that the Manufacturers' National 
Bank of this city had been of great service to 
our local business men since its establishment 
in 1875, for such a denial would be of no avail 
even if made, so generally convinced is the com- 
munity of the value of the aid extended by the 
institution mentioned. It has a capital of 
$200,000 and a surplus of $83,000, and its man- 
agement has shown on more than one occasion 
that they have an abiding faith in this city and 
its business men, and are therefore prepared to 
show their faith by their works in every legiti- 
mate way. The officers : Messrs. J. M. Rob- 
bins, President ; C. I. Barker, Vice-president ; 
and Addison Small, Cashier, are all well-known 
and highly esteemed citizens both in public 
and private life, and the present condition of 
the bank is the strongest possible endorsement 
of their faithfulness and zeal. The Board of 
Directors consists of Messrs. J. M. Robbins, C. 
I. Barker, E. S. Davis, James Munroe, T. E. 
Eustis, Oliver Newman and L. L. Blake, and 
there is no reason to doubt that the high record 
of the past will be fully maintained if not im- 
proved upon with the progress of time. 

occupied consists of one and one-half stories, 
containing two floors 18x30 feet in dimensions. 
This enterprising house is ready within short 
notice to execute any order which may be en- 
trusted to them, and perfect satisfaction guar- 
anteed. Mr. Sherman was born in Belfast, Me., 
and is a well-known citizen, being a member of 
the City Government; also a member of the 
Odd Fellows, -Knights of Pythias, G. A. R. and 
Order of the Red Men. 

J. M. Sherman, Painter, Grainer, Glazier, 
Paper Hanger and Fancy Decorator, No. 96 
Chestnut Street. ''In the elder days of art" 
all decoration and beautiful artistic work was 
confined to the religious and public buildings 
and the palaces of the favored rich. Now, 
through the advancing influences of civiliza- 
tion, the achievements and effects of artistic 
coloring are brought within the reach of almost 
every one who can appreciate their value, and 
the higher tone and happiness which have thus 
been brought into our life is of the greatest 
influence and value. The refined taste exhib- 
ited everywhere in this branch of business 
causes one to stop and wonder if this industry 
has not reached the height of perfection. 
Among the well-known business firms of Lew- 
iston is the familiar name of J. M. Sherman, 
whose business is located at No. 96 Chestnut 
Street. As a painter he has no superior in this 
section of the State, and as the business was 
established here in 1872 by Mr. Sherman, it is 
recognized as one of the leading ones in Lew- 
iston, Mr. Sherman being favored by the finest 
class of custom in the city, as he does very fine 
work in House Painting, Decorating, Paper 
Hanging and Fancy Ceiling Work, Etc., six 
experienced hands being employed. The shop 


Newman, Lara & Co., Dealers in Ice, 
Lewiston. Americans traveling abroad, and 
more particularly in England, find much to 
admire and much to condemn, but they are 
unanimous in declaring that their native coun- 
try is beyond comparison with any other in one 
respect at least, and that is the general use of 
ice in warm weather. For instance, they say 
that in England such a thing as '"ice water" 
as we understand it is practically unknown, 
excepting in such hotels and other public re- 
sorts as specially cat»n- to American tastes, 
what the English call "ice water" being 
merely water that has been somewhat cooled 
by being kept in a refrigerator for a while. The 
use of ice over here is increasing rapidly, and, 
as our readers well know, Maine is the most 
important field of supply for this indispensable 
article. The enterprise of our citizens engaged 
in the ice business has greatly developed our 
resources in this direction, and the State is so 
far north that it is very exceptional to have 
what is known as a " short crop." Messrs. New- 
man, Lara & Co., of this city, are extremely 
well-known in connection with the handling of 
ice, and their many customers will be pleased 
to know that they are better than ever prepared 
to supply their rapidly increasing list of pa- 
trons at the present time. This concern began 
operations in 1872, and have since gained an 
enviable reputation for the uniform superiority 
of their service and the lowness of their rates. 
Mr. Oliver Newman was born in Carthage, Me., 
and has been a member of the Board of Alder- 
men of this city, while Mr. Lara is a native of 
Turner, Me., and has served in various impor- 
tant public positions, such as County Treasurer, 
Councilman and Alderman of the city of Au- 
burn. Mr. E. L. Philoon, who has been in the 
employ of this firm for many years, was in 1887 
admitted to partnership. He is a native of 
Liverraore, where for years he held positions 
as Chairman of Selectmen and Superintendent 
of School Committee. He has also served his 
adopted city of Auburn on school boards. He 
is thoroughly acquainted with ice business in 
all its departments and is determined that his 
firm shall continue to merit the confidence of 
its patrons. Orders for ice left with Messrs. 
Peables & Garcelon, or Mr. A. K. P. Jordan, 
popular grocers of Auburn, receive prompt 
attention. The firm maintain an extensive ice- 
plant, including two storage houses of the 
dimensions of 100x160 and 30x60 feet respec- 
tively, having a capacity of about 4,.500 tons. 
Employment is afforded to fifty men in winter 
and ten in summei-, and as prompt attention is 
given to all complaints of poor service, etc. 
customers are assured a regular and abundant 
supply of ice. 


Blake, Spear & Co., Dealers in Groceries 
and Provisions, Main Street, Lewiston. Among 
the many establishments located in Lewiston 
and devoted to the sale of Groceries and Pro- 
visions, we do not know of any that offer more 
genuine advantages to its customers than that 
carried on by Messrs. Blake, Spear & Co.. of 
Main Street. This enterprise was inaugurated 
by the above-named gentlemen, and its devel- 
opment has been in accordance v?ith its merits, 
the business now done being sufficiently large 
to call for the employment of competent and 
experienced assistants. The members of the 
firm are very well known in this vicinity. The 
premises occupied are commodious, and con- 
tain an extensive assortment of Groceries, 
Provisions, etc., that give ample evidence of 
having been carefully selected by competent 
hands. Appealing especially to Family Trade, 
Messrs. Blake, Spear & Co. pay particular at- 
tention to handling goods of such a character 
as to be especially adapted to household use, 
and sell nothing that they believe to be un- 
worthy of trial. While placing their prices at 
the lowest possible figures, they do not lose 
sight of the fact that the best class of patrons 
prefer quality to quantity, and so take pains to 
furnish only reliable articles. Prompt and 
polite attention to customers is insisted upon 
at this store, and orders are quickly and accu- 
rately delivered. 

Mr.s. J. T. Lemout, Fine Millinery, Cor- 
sets, Etc., 117 Lisbon Street, Lewiston. As 
there is no portion of the costume more con- 
spicuous, so there is none that exerts a greater 
influence over the entire appearance than does 
the hat or bonnet which may be worn, and 
every lady should use care in selecting this part 
of her apparel, for in no other is a proper indi- 
viduality more pleasing and effective. In order 
to learn what is best suited to one's personal 
needs there is no other way equal to visiting an 
establishment where a complete variety of the 
latest fashionable productions in the millinery 
line are kept in stock, and there inspecting the 
different shapes and combinations. It is impor- 
tant of course to know that the styles on exhi- 
bition are such as are worn in the best society, 
and the only way to make " assurance doubly 
sure" on this point is to patronize a house of 
leading reputation, and there is no similar 
establishment of which this may be more truly 
said than that conducted by Mrs. J. T. Lemont. 
at No. 117 Lisbon Street. This enterprise had 
its inception in 18(37, and has long been held in 
the highest estimation by the ladies of Lewis- 
ton and vicinity, for they have found that the 
goods "upplied are always reliable and first- 
class, while the prices are uniformly reasonable. 
One floor, measuring ^>'>x2o feet, is occupied, 
and Fine Millinery of all descriptions is kept 
constantly on hand. Both Trimmed and Un- 
trimmed Hats and Bonnets are handled, and 
Custom Work is done at short notice in the 
most tasteful and artistic manner. A very full 
line of Corsets, Bustles, etc., is carried, includ- 
ing Warner's, Ferris's and Geo. Frost's goods, 
and no greater inducements are attainable else- 
where than are offered here in this special 

T. F. Callahan & Co., Manufacturers of 
and dealer in Trunks and Traveling Bags, 286 
Lisbon Street, Lewiston. None but experienced 
travelers appreciate the importance of having 
a trunk that can be depended upon to preserve 
its contents intact, for none but such people 
have had an opportunity to realize how little 
protection the ordinary cheap trunk affords. 
The best, surest and most economical way to 
purchase a good article of this kind is to buy 
of the manufacturer direct, and if you want 
the neatest, strongest, most durable and most 
convenient trunk that is to be had, you can do 
no better than to place your order with Messrs. 
T. F. Callahan & Co., doing business at No. 286 
Lisbon Street. This firm is made up of Messrs. 
T. F. and E. A. Callahan, both of whom are 
natives of this city and prominent citizens, Mr. 
T. F. Callahan having served in both branches 
of the City Council, and now occupying the 
position of Water Commissioner. The premises 
utilized are of the dimensions of 7.5x30 feet, and 
Trunks, Traveling Bags, Shawl Straps, Trunk 
Straps, Etc., are manufactured and sold both 
at Wholesale and Retail. Tiunks of all kinds 
will be made to older or repaired at short 
notice, and at prices that cannot fail to please. 
An extensive stock of Hats, Caps, Umbrellas, 
and Gentlemen's Furnishing Goods in general, 
is also carried, and all the fashionable novelties 
in Head- wear. Collars, Neckties, Scai-fs, Etc., 
are obtained at the earliest possible moment 
and offered for sale at bottom prices. This is 
a representative establishment, and well de- 
serves the pronounced success it has won. 

H. B. Ward well. Dealer in Fine 4rt 
Goods, Picture Frames, Engravings, Oil Paint- 
ings, Artists' Supplies, Stationery, etc., 29 
Lisbon Street, Lewiston. An establishment 
which no art-lover can afford to remain in igno- 
rance of is that conducted by Mr. H. B. Ward- 
well at No. 29 Lisbon Street, and we can promise 
such as have not already visited it a rare treat, 
for a most magnificent display of Fine Art 
Goods is there made, and it is so tastefully and 
artistically arranged as to greatly add to the 
effect of tiie articles exhibited. Mr. Wardwell, 
who conducted a similar enterprise at Auburn 
for some years opened his present store in 1887, 
and has rapidly built up a large patronage as 
the inducements he has to offer are m;uiy and 
decided, and so large and varied a stock is car- 
ried that all tastes may be suited. The premises 
utilized are of the dimensions of 70x40 feet, 
and employment is afforded to four competent 
assistants. Oil Paintings, Engravings, Etchings, 
Statuary, Artists' Materials, Stationery, etc., 
are supplied at suiprisingly low prices, and it 
is clearly evident that Mr. Wardwell must have 
a most intimate acquaintance with every detail 
of his business to enable him to conduct opera- 
tions on so liberal a basis. Picture Framing is 
made a specialty, and all kinds of frames will 
be made to order from the plainest to the most 
elaborate. Mr. Wardwell is a member of the 
Odd Fellows, and has gained many friends in 
and about Lewiston. He is courteous and 
obliging and fully deserves his growing popu- 



Bubier & 3Iason, House and Carriage 
Painters and Paper Hangers, 82 Bates Street, 
Lewiston. Other things being equal, it is 
always more economical to have a thing done 
skillfully than unskillfully. and if this simple 
truth were moi e generally borne in mind, much 
vexation and not a little money would be saved. 
It is a popular belief that anybody can paint a 
house, and so they can — after a fashion. But 
to paint a house properly requires skill and 
experience, and although the first cost of hav- 
ing the woik done in the best manner may be 
greater, the superior durability of it will more 
than make up for the difference, to say nothing 
of the gain made in appearance. Messrs. Bubier 
& Mason have won a high leputation for the 
excellence of their work since beginning oper- 
ations iu 188(5, and we have no hesitation in 
heartily commending them to such of our 
readers as may wish anything done in the way 
ot House or Carriage Painting. The firm is 
made up of Messrs. E. Mason and J. D. Bubier, 
both of whom are natives of Maine and thor- 
oughly acquainted with every detail of their 
business. One floor, of the dimensions of 30x45 
feet, is occupied at No. 82 Bates Street, and 
employment is given to four competent assist- 
ants. Orders will be given immediate atten- 
tion, and satisfaction is confidently guaranteed. 

Geo. A. Callahan, Steam Job Printer, 21 
Lisbon Street, Lewiston. This may be called 
the "age of printer's ink" for the virtues of 
this magic fluid (which by the way isn't a fluid 
at all, but more properly a paste) are now uni- 
versally recognized, and the man who wishes to 
buy at low rates makes equally free use of it 
with the man who wishes to sell at a profit. 
One of the chief principles of success in busi- 
ness is — "Procure a good article and then let 
the public know of it", for the world is too 
wide to allow every man to know his neighbors' 
business, and therefore it is not to be expected 
that a large trade can be buTit up unless meas- 
ures are taken to see that the community 
at large are informed as to the inducements of- 
fered. Modern job printing has become an 
art, and the day when any amateur with a hand- 
press and an unlimited supply of self-confidence 
could successfully compete for work of this 
kind has gone by, for the public has been edu- 
cated up to a point where the crude produc- 
tions of such would-be printers are rejected 
with contempt. It requires both experience 
and large facilities to carry on a job printing 
establishment nowadays, and both of these have 
bad their influence iu building up the large pat- 
ronage enjoyed by Mr. Geo. A. Callahan, who is 

engaged in carrying on an enterprise of this 
kind at No. 21 Lisbon Street. This gentleman 
is a native of Lewiston, and began operations 
over a quarter of a century ago, having founded 
his business in 1802. He is a very well known 
and highly esteemed citizen and a member of 
the school committee. One floor measuring 
85x85 feet is utilized, and three large presses 
operated, a four-horse engine furnishing the 
motive power. Both book and job printing are 
done in the very best style, and the resources 
of the establishment permit the assurance that 
only short notice is required for the furnishing 
of work in any desired quantity while the rates 
chaiged aie low and equitable. 

D. P. Field & Co., Dealers in Ice, 
Oflices at -JO Hammond Street, P. C. Tarbox «fc 
Co.'s, Wm. Cloutier & Co.'s, C. H. Grafifam's, 
A. L. & E. F. Goss', and E. H. Kimball's Coal 
Office, I^ewiston; Stevens & Lord's, Knight & 
Chase's, A. M. Penley's, and A. B. Craft's, 
Auburn. " I\!eep cool " is excellent advice at 
all times and particularly so in summer when 
old Sol threatens to burn us all up. But, like 
most good advice, this injunction is much 
easier to give than to follow, and hence any- 
thing tending to make it less difficult must he 
held to be in the nature of a public benefit. In 
this connection let us call attention to the en- 
terprise inaugurated by Messrs. D. P. Field & 
Co. in 1886, for these gentleman are dealers in 
Ice, and are prepared to do their best toward 
keejjing the whole community cool at the low- 
est market rates. Although only beginning, as 
we have said, in 1886, they have already built 
up a large trade, and this is not at all surpris- 
ing to those who are conversant with the bus- 
iness methods they pursue. The facilities for 
leaving orders are numerous and wide-spread, 
there being offices established at Messrs. P. C. 
Tarbox & Co.'s, Wm. Cloutier & Co.'s. C. H. 
Graff am' s, A. L. & E. F. Goss', and E. H. Kim- 
ball's coal office, Lewiston, and Stevens & 
Lord's, Knight & Chase's, and A. B. Craft's, 
Auburn. The firm is constituted of Messrs. D. 
P. Field, Hilman Smith and L. G. Lord, who 
reside in Auburn, although their business is 
largely done in Lewiston, their i^rincipal office 
being on Hammond Street. The gentlemen of 
the firm are well known to most of the citizens 
of our two cities. They are all members of the 
G. A, R., having cheerfully resjionded to their 
country's call for help in her hour of danger 
during the late rebellion, Mr. Field as a mem- 
ber of the 29th Maine Keg't, Mr. Lord as a 
member of the 12th Maine Reg't, and Mr. Smith 
as a member of the 8th Maine Reg't. Mr. Field, 
the senior member, has been especially honored 
by his townsmen, having been a member of the 
City Council of Auburn, and subsequently with 
the Board of Aldermen, and now being Repre- 
sentative to the Legislature. Messrs. Lord and 
Smith, the other two members of the firm, are 
old residents and quite well known, Mr. Lord 
being for many years a member of the well- 
known firm of Stevens & Lord, blacksmiths, 
Auburn. Mr. Smith is the ex-Sheriff of our 
county, having filled the office for six consecu- 
tive years. Storage capacity of the jnnount of 
five thousand tons is had, and Androscoggia 
River Ice is handled at wholesale and retail. 



H. P. Dorman & Co., Dealers ia Coal 
and Wood, office Cedar Street, near Lincoln, 
Lewiston. Among the minor evils and incon- 
veniences which at times combine to make the 
householders lot far from being a happy one 
may be mentioned that of not receiving goods 
when they were promised, for it requires but 
experience to realize that the failure of dealers 
to keep their agreements in this respect may 
cause considerable bother and annoyance to say 
the least. Especially is this true as regards 
such bulky articles as coal and wood, for special 
preparations have generally to be made for their 
reception, and therefore we feel that we are do- 
ing our readers a service by directing their at- 
tention to an establishment where these com- 
modities are not only supplied at the lowest 
market rates but where all promises made are 
strictly adliered to. We have reference to that 
conducted by Messrs. H. P. Dorman & Co., and 
are sure that practical trial of the advantages 
offered by this house will bear us out in all that 
we have said in its favor. Business was begun 
in 1878 by the existing firm which is made up 
of Messrs. H. P. Dorman and S. T. Woodward, 
the former a native of Bridgton and the latter 
of Bath. The premises utilized are sufficiently 
spacious to provide storage facilities for thirty- 
five hundred tons of coal and about one thou- 
sand cords of wood, and being situated on the 
line of the railway the expenses of handling are 
reduced to a minimum, thus allowing goods to 
be retailed at very low rates. The office is lo- 
cated on Cedar Street, near Lincoln, and orders 
will be given prompt attention. 

Liincoln House, L. C. Dunham and C. F. 
Andrews, proprietors, Lewiston. One often 
hears the question asked, on the cars and else- 
where, "I am going to (such a place), where 
would you advise me to put up?" Now, such 
an inquiiy is a very natural one to make, if a 
man has no previous acquaintance with the 
city or town which he proposes to visit, and as 
many come to Lewiston daily, for the first time, 
we wish to say right here, that if a hotel is 
sought that shall be complete in its appoint- 
ments, convenient in its location and liberal in 
its management, we know of none better than 
the Lincoln House, conducted by Messrs. Dun- 
ham & Andrews. Under the name of " Lincoln 
Block," this was carried on as a boarding house 
up to 1886, when after extensive and thorough 
ovei'hauling, repairing and renovation, the 
present name was adopted. The premises in 
use comprise five floors of the dimensions of 
100x50 feet, there being one hundred guest 
rooms, which are conveniently arranged and 
very comfortably furnished. The table is sup- 
plied with excellent food, skillfully and care- 
fully cooked, while the service is both coui'- 
teous and prompt. Both the proprietors are 
very well-known gentlemen, and are also pro- 
prietors of the popular Elm House, Auburn, 
Mr. Dunham being a member of the Board of 
Alderman. He is a native of Leeds, while Mr. 
Andrews was born in Greene. The terms are 
very reasonable, board being but one dollar per 
day, and a first-class livery stable is connected 
with the establishment, at which stylish and 
speedy teams may be obtained at low rates. 

W. A. Libby, Contracting Mason, 26 Pine 
Street, Lewiston. Ordinary justice requires 
that in making mention of the leading business 
men of this section the name of Mr. W, A. 
Libby should not be omitted, for this gentleman 
is one of the most widely known of our citizens, 
and has established a reputation for probity 
and strict fulfillment of agreements that of itself 
would cause him to be worthy of a place in our 
pages. He is a native of Wales, Maine, and be- 
gan operations here in the firm of W. A. Libby 
& Co., becoming sole proprietor of the enter- 
prise in 188."). He is a member of the Free 
Masons, and it is most fitting that he should 
be, for he is one of the foremost contracting 
masons of this State, and is piepared to un- 
dertake operations of the greatest magnitude, 
and give satisfactory sureties as to responsibilty, 
good faith, etc. But those who are familiar 
with his work in the past would not be apt to 
ask for such bonds excepting as a mere matter 
of form, for the reputation we have already al- 
luded to is widely known in the community and 
the most utter stranger would have but little 
difficulty in soon arriving at a satisfactory con- 
clusion as regards Mr. Libby's standing. He 
employs an average number of thirty assistants 
and occupies a spacious office at No . 20 Pine 
Street, where he may be seen by those desiring 
anything in his line. 

George R. Page, Fine Millinery, 27 Lis- 
bon Street, Lewiston. When Mr. George R. 
Page began business in Auburn twenty years 
or more ago, it is probable that he had not the 
slightest idea that at the present time he would 
conduct what is in all respects the leading 
establishment of its kind in Lewiston, but such 
has been the outcome of the unremitting efforts 
he has made to serve the public in the best 
manner possible, and it gives us pleasure to re- 
cord success so worthily bestowed. "Smartness" 
and deceit may make a good showing for a time 
but in the long run genuine merit and honor- 
able business methods afford the sui'est path- 
ways to success, and the experience of Mr. Page 
is but further confirmation of this truth. He is 
a native of Winthrop, Maine, and is one of the 
best known of our merchants. The premises 
in use are of the dimensions of 75x35 feet, 
and are none too large to properly accommodate 
the heavy and varied stock carried which in- 
cludes Millinery and Fancy Goods of every de- 
scription, and which for "cleanness and general 
desirability is worthy of careful study and ad- 
miration. Employment is given to seven as- 
sistants, and the utmost willingness is exhibited 
in the showing of eoods as Mr. Page invites all 
to inspect his stocH and is anxious to facilitate 
such inspection by every means in his power. 
Low prices combined with first-class attractions 
are hard to resist, so that the heavy business 
done is only what is to be expected. The Cus- 
tom Millinery deparment is one of the best 
equipped in the State, and those employed 
therein rank with the highest as rejjards taste 
and skill. Buying of the leading jobbing 
houses and manufacturers, Mr. Page's connec- 
tion in New York and Boston markets together 
with the fact that all bills are discounted in ten 
days, customers are enabled to obtain the very 
latest and most desirable goods at the lowest 
possible prices. 


John Garner, 

Dealer in Fancy 
Groceries, Patent 
Medicines, Meats 
and Provisions, 
Passenger and Ex- 
change Agent, 213 
Park Street, Lew- 
iston. This well- 
established Gro- 
cery and Provision 
House has a wide 
reputation for the 
fine stock of Staple 
and Fancy Gro- 
ceries always to be 
found here. This 
house was estab- 
lished by its pres- 
ent piopiietoi in 1SC4, and for the past quarter 
of a century has enjoyed a large and lucrative 
wholesale and retail trade, extending among 
many of our leading families. The premises 
occupied for the business are located at No. 213 
Park Street, and consist of one floor and base- 
ment each 9-5x1 ^ feet in size, where a very fine 
and attractive stock of Groceries and Provisions 
is carried, including fine Teas, Coffees, Spices, 
the best brands of F'lour, and Choice Meats and 
Provisions, al.«o a full line of Patent Medicines. 
Mr. Garner is als'« the sole agent in this vicinity 
for the celebrated Fleischraanu & Go's. Com- 
pressed Yenst, Agent for Hecker's Self-raising 
Flour, also Passenger and Exchange Agent. 
The steadily increasing trade of this house re- 
quires the services of five competent assistant*, 
and the business is transacted in an energetic 
and enterpiisiiig niiinner. The store is finely 
arranged in all its departments, and the atten- 
tion to customers is all that could be asked for. 

these with the reliability of the proprietor tend 
to preserve a business so well conducted as 
this. Mr. .John Garner is a native of England, 
and is one of Lewiston's most prominent citi- 
zens. He is one of the directors of the Peoples 
Savings Bank of Lewistnn, and has been a mem- 
ber of the City Government four years as Alder- 
man and Councilman. He is also the President 
of the Lewiston and Auburn Grocers Associa- 

tion and a Justice of the Peace. Mr. Garner 
also belongs to the Masons, Odd Fellows and 
Knights of Honor, and can honestly say that 
during the quarter of a century he has been in 
business he has paid dollar for dollar. If you 
intend visiting any part of the world, especially 
Europe, or sending for friends, or sending money 
to friends, buy your Passage Tickets and Drafts 
of John Garner. 

Excliang-e Hotel, K. Young, proprietor, 
Lewiston. A hotel rnn expressly ior the ac- 
commodation of business men should be spoken 
of in a businesslike manner, and we shall en- 
deavor in this brief sketch of the public house, 
whose name leads this article, to state facts in 
a succinct and comprehensive manner, worthy 
of the careful attentiou of those for whose 
perusal it is specially intended. The Exchange 
Hotel is one of the oldest-established institu- 
tions of the kind in this vicinity, and under its 
present management it bids fair to attain a 
popularity beyond any it has ever known. The 
reason of this is not hard to guess, for since 
Mr. R. Young, who now owns it, assumed con- 
trol, he has studied to please his patrons and 
to gain a reputation for bis house that would 
assure it continued prosperity. He has suc- 
ceeded in both these endeavors, and we can 
and do heartily advise those whom business or 
pleasure calls to this locality to make the 
Exchange Hotel their headquaiters for the fol- 
lowing reasons: ], It is centrally located, being 
near to all stores and depots. " 2, The accom- 
modations are strictly first-class, the building 
being four stories in height, and 75x100 feet in 
dimension, and fifteen efficient assistants em- 
ployed, enabling the wants of guests to be 
promptly and satisfactorily attended to at all 
times. 3, The terms are very reasonable, being 
but $2.00 per day, and very liberal arrangements 
are made with regular boarders. 4, The table 
is supplied with an abundance of nutritious 
and v?ell-cooked food, which is promptly and 
neatly served. Those four reasous might be 
greatly added to, but enough has been said to 
indicate what trent nent the traveler receives 
here and to furnish cause to give this hotel the 
preference. Mr. Young is a native of Corinna, 
Me., and a member of the Knights of Pythias. 
He has hosts of friends, and will continually 
add to them as long as he adheres to his pres- 
ent liberal business methods. The facilities 
enjoyed by this hotel to cater to its guests are 
unsurpassed. This hotel is owned by its land- 
lord, Mr. Young, who pays cash for everything 
required in running the house, thereby securing 
the best at the lowest possible price, which 
goes to the benefit of the guests in the reason- 
able rates charged them for Jirst-class accom- 
modations. Everything is systematized about 
this hotel, as one will readily see by taking a 
look about the house. In the basement, par- 
titioned off, one notices almost a complete gro- 
cery. In another apartment a Fish and Meat 
shop, and in another apartment neatly packed, 
is a year's supply of kindling wood, shavings,' 
charcoal, etc. In the kitchen, neatness and 
order prevail. A finely-equipped laundry is also 
a prominent feature of this finely conducted 



The Lewiston Commercial School, 149 

Lisbon btreet, Geo. E. Gialiam, Principal. It 
is but laiely that we have occasion to mention 
an enterprise that seems to iis to be of such 
vital importance as is such an institution as the 
Lewiston Commercial School, of which Mr. 
Geo. E. Graham is the principal, and when we 
do, we can but regret the small space which the 
stern necessity of keeping this book within 
reasonable bounds limits us to. When we use 
the term "vital importance," we do so with a 
full realization of its meaning, for in the course 
of a somewhat extended and vaiied experience 
in all parts of this country with business men 
and business methods, we have come to have 
an appreciation of the priceless value the train- 
ing given the conscientious student in so excep- 
tionably t^eIl-equipped and managed an insti- 
tution is to liim. The Lewiston Commercial 
School is under the direction of George E. 
Graham, its talented principal. This gentleman 
brings to his chosen profession that mingled 
enthusiasm characteristic of the true teacher. 
This ydioiil is designed to qualify young ladies 
and gentlemen for business in a short time and 
at little expense. The instruction given is 
strictly individual, there being no classes what- 
ever. By this system pupils of any grade may 
enter at any time. The school will be open 
every day and evening excepting Saturdays, 
thereby giving those who are employed during 
the day, an opportunity to acquire a business 
education without interfering with their rlaily 
occupations, as piecisely the same studies aie 
pursued evenings ;is are taken during the day 
session.*. The Business Cour.^e includes the 
following studies: Bo< k k( eping, Penmanship, 
Business Correspondence, ("ommercial Law, 
and the Solving of Aiithmetical Problems by 
the Shortest and Most Practical Methods. 
Those who desire a thorough preparation for 
business can get it here in as short a time as 
possible, and at a very moderate expense. 
Terms: Day Sessions. — Full lousiness Course 
(six months), $2.5.00. Full Business Course 
(three months), $l.o.O(i. Evening Sessions. — Full 
Business Course (six months), $l.o.('0. Full 
Business Course (three months), $7.-50. Wed- 
ding, Addtess, and Visiting Cards and Penman- 
ship of every description promptly executed at 
the schoolrooms. A specialty is made of 
teaching Penmanship exclusive of the business 
course. Day or Evening. — 12 Lessons, $2.00. 
Hours, 9 to 12 a.m.; 2 to .5 and 7 to 9.30p.m. 
The above prices include all stationery free of 
charge, and every effort is made to advance 
the pupils as fast as their abilities will permit. 

A. S. Wright, 50 Lisbon Street, Lewiston. 
Dealer in Jewelry, Watches, Clock, Silver Ware. 
There aie no Jewelry stores in this portion of 
the State that are better known than that car- 
ried on by Mr. A. S. Wright, at No. 50 Lisbon 
Street, and it goes without saying that this es- 
tablishment is as favorably as it is widely 
known, for otherwise no such immense patron- 
age would be enjoyed as is now the case. Mr. 
Wright is a native of Lawrence, Mass., and in- 
augurated the enterprise in question in 1SS3. 
The premises occupied are 65x:W feet in dimen- 
sions and contain a really magnificent stock of 

Watches, Jewelry, Silver-Ware, Clocks, etc., 
which is made up entirely of trustworthy goods 
and which is offered at the lowest market rates 
that can be quoted on standard articles of equal 
value. Employment is given to two courteous 
and efficient assistants and every caller is as- 
sured prompt attention and strictly honorable 
treatment. Repairing both of VVatches and 
Jewelry is given special attention, and owners 
of fine chronometers may leave their timepieces 
here with the full assurance that they will be 
handled ill a skillful manner and put into the 
best possible condition. All the standard makes 
of watches are sold, and bargains may be had 
either in the purchase of a cheap movement or 
in the most elaborate productions of the watch- 
maker's art. Clocks of many kinds are also ex- 
tensively dealt in, and solid and plated silver 
waie is sold at the lowest market rates. 

The DeWitt, H. A. Brick, proprietor, 
corner of Park and Pine Streets. It is 
much easier to describe an ideal hotel on paper 
than it is to realize that ideal in practical life, 
and indeed it is evident that even if a house 
were conducted in a manner perfectly satisfac- 
tory to one man, it would fall short in many 
respects of what was wanted by the remaining 
ninety-nine in the hundred. ''Many men of 
many minds " are what the hotel keeper has to 
provide for, and it is but larely that one meets 
with the success attained by Mr. H. A. Brick 
in his management of the DeWitt House. This 
popular hostelry is one of the oldest in this 
section of the State, having been originally 
founded clo.>~e on to half a century ago. After 
various vicissitudes it passed into the hands of 
Messrs. Quinby A Muich in 1878, and in 1886, 
the present jiroprietor assumed possession. He 
is a native of Augusta and a member of the 
Kniahts of Pythias, and is one of the best- 
known of our Maine hotel men, being the Vice- 
president of the State Association as well as 
Vice president of the National Hotel Men's 
Association. We may say in passing, that the 
associations alluded too are of great value to 
the traveling public as well as to hotel proprie- 
tors and managers, as their chief aim is to 
improve the efficiency and I'educe the needless 
expenses of hotel-keeping throughout the coun- 
try. The DeWitt House comprises four floors, 
measuring 75x80 feet, and contains one hun- 
dred and twenty-five guest-rooms as well as a 
finely-equipped billiard hall, barber shop, etc. 
All modern conveniences and comforts are fur- 
nished to patrons, and we must make special 
mention of the table, as the most luxurious 
accommodations will fail to give satisfaction 
unless the " inner man " is properly looked 
1 out for, and we can assure our readers that 
more than one so-called " Metropolitan " estab- 
i lishment, located in Boston or New York, 
[ would have to lower its colors to the DeWitt 
I in this respect. Employment is afforded to 
forty assistants, and the machinery incidental 
to the successful working of so elaborate an 
j enterprise runs with that smoothness so grate- 
ful to those disliking the bustle always found 
[ in less ably managed houses. The terms are 
reasonable, and special rates are made by the 
week or month. 



Avon Mill, Quilts, Duck, Towels, etc., 
Lincoln Street, Lewiston. The old-fashioned 
quilt, made up of from hundreds to thousands of 
pieces and sometimes bearing designs which of 
themselves were enough to drive sleep from the 
pillow is rapidly becoming a thing of the past, 
and although the recent craze for patchwork 
resulted in many more monstrosities being put 
together, still this has already died out and the 
great factories are more than ever relied upon 
to supply the demand for quilts. The Avon 
Mill, located on Lincoln Street, in this city, 
produces an article in this line which meets 
with a large and ready sale as will be seen 
when we state that the annual output amounts 
to about one hundred and fifty thousand quilts, 
and this is all the more worthy of notice as the 
Mill only begun operations in 18S2, and hence 
has by no means reached the full limit of its de- 
velopment. Light and heavy Duck are also man- 
ufactured very extensively three hundred and 
fifty thousand yards being made yearly, and Plain 
and Fancy Towels to the amount of eighteen 
thousand per week are produced in great variety. 
The buildings utilized comprise a Mill measur- 
ing 50x100 feet, a Bleachery of the dimensions 
of24x.i0 feet, and a Dye-house 67x82 feet in 
size. Forty-four looms are in operation and a 
135 horse-power water-wheel is required to 
furnish motive power. The company carrying 
on this important enterprise was organized 
some six years ago with a capital of $100,000, 
and is made up of residents of Lewiston and 
vicinity. The President, Mr. C. I. Barker, the 
Secretary and Treasurer, Mr. F. H. Packard, and 
the Agent, Mr. A. D. Barker, are all natives of 
this city. The company's interests are in 
good hands, it will be seen, and its future is 
apparently assured. 

occupied measuring 35x20 feet, and one assist- 
ant employed, repairing of all kinds being 
promptly and neatly executed and the manu- 
facture of Nason's Patent Net Rings carried 
on. We advise sportsmen to give Mr. Little- 
field a call, for he knows their wants and seeks 
to gratify them in a satisfactory manner. Mr. 
Littlefield is agent for the New Mail & Ival 
Safety Bicycles. He also deals in all kinds of 
New "and Second Hand Bicycles, Buys, sells 
and exchanges. 

Jobii B. Littlefield, Gunsmith, and dealer 
in Sporting Goods, Fishing and Shooting Tackle, 
14 ikiain Street. Under the operation of the 
present game laws, Maine is coming more and 
more into prominence as a " sportsmen's par- 
adise," and we are convinced that if the wise 
restrictions now placed upon the killing and 
capture of game are only faithfully adhered to, 
and all infractions of them surely punished, 
this state of affairs will not only continue, but 
in the near future some of the noble sport of 
days gone by can be had again. It only needs 
the co-operation of the people to make this 
result sure, and it seems to us as if the material 
advantages consequent upon attracting many 
strangers to the State during every " open sea- 
son " must be apparent to all. Mr. John B. 
Littlefield, who succeeded Mr. C. F. Nason at 
No. 14 Main Street, is evidently determined to 
give such sportsmen from Boston and other 
large cities, as may give him a call, a favorable 
opinion of the goods supplied in Lewiston, for 
he carries a stock of Guns, Sporting Goods, 
Fishing Tackle, Bicycles, Etc., that would not 
disgrace a much more pretentious establish- 
ment, and what is moie, he quotes prices on 
this assortment that cause many a visitor to 
open his eyes and wonder why he bought his 
outfit before leaving home. Mr. Littlefield is a 
native of Waterville, Me., and succeeded Mr. 
Nason in 1887, the latter gentleman having 
founded the business in 1852. One floor is 

J. N. Wood, 64 Middle Street, Lewiston. 
Dealer in Coal and Wood. Mr. J. N. Wood is 
the veteran Coal and Wood dealer of Lewiston. 
He commenced business twenty-three years 
ago. The coal consumed in Lewiston then was 
nothing when compared with the consumption 
at the present day. The sales were then meager, 
very few of the people at that time dared to 
leave the old black log for the black diamond — 
only about seventy tons of coal was sold the 
first season and that only by persistent push. 
Mr. Wood continued the business alone for a 
short time then joined partnership with Mr. 
Isaac Golder. and the firm thus continued until 
the death of Mr. Golder in 1875 — during the 
eight years that Wood & Golder were in com- 
pany they did a very prosperous business. 
They did not confine their sales to Coal and 
Wood but handled Lumber of all kinds and had 
quite an extensive trade in Hay. The " Grass- 
hopper year", so called, was a lively one in the 
Hay market and Mr. Wood foresaw the inevi- 
table and purchased all the standing grass pos- 
sible. Hay that year sold in Lewiston at $40 
per ton, and Wood and Golder had none to 
much to meet the demand. Since the decease of 
Mr. Golder Mr. Wood has continued the Wood 
and Coal business but has had little to do with 
Lumber and Hay. It is surprising to note the 
difference in the amount of Coal consumed in 
Lewiston today as compared with twenty-three 
years ago. By strict integrity, courteous de- 
meanor and endeavoring by every possible 
means to meet the demands of his customers 
Mr. Wood has built up a business of gigantic 
proportions. Coal at the present writing is 
selling at .$7.50 per ton, which is only fifty cents 
per ton above Portland prices. The highest 
that Coal has been sold in the city during the 
time that Mr. Wood has been in business was 
§16 per ton for Anthracite and $40 for Bitumi- 
nous. The facilities for discharging and re- 
loading Coal from Mr. Wood's yard are almost 
marvelous. He has sheds so located that a car 
of Coal can be unloaded in five minutes. The 
Coal is deposited in pockets from which it can 
be reloaded for delivery at very small expense. 
Mr. Wood uses a motor, power being furnished 
from the city water works. He has a splitter 
manufactured by Hildreth Bros., of Harvard, 
Mass., and with one man at the saw and two 
men at the splitter ten cords of Wood can be 
manufactured for the stove per day. Mr. Wood 
usually prepares his wood while it is yet green, 
piles it under cover during the early spring 
months, and in the autumn he has seasoned 
wood for delivery which cannot fail to please 
the most fastidious. He buys nothing but first- 
class coal and is always ready to guarantee sales 
as pertains to quality and quantity. Mr. AVood 



has one office in Auburn at the store of J. Ding- 
ley, on Main Street. In Lewiston he has an 
office at 179 Lisbon Street, and Wakefield Bros. 
Drug store. His yard and main office is at 64 
Middle Street, near the upper Maine Central 
Depot. These offices are all connected by tele- 
phone, and all orders are sure to receive prompt 
attention. A few years since Mr. Wood 
erected buildings for storage purposes at the 
Maine Central upper station where he has the 
best of facilities for the storage of Flour and 
General Merchandise. Mr. Wood has traveled 
extensively and is well known. He is a very 
genial, public spirited man, always openly ad- 
vocating enterprise for the public good, and as 
ready to denounce the shams of the present 
day. Be sure and call on him when in want of 
fuel of any kind and you will be so well treated 
that you will be more than willing to patronize 
him thereafter. 

People's Saving's Bank, Incorporated 

February 12, 1875. A '' People's Savings Bank" 
that is true to its name, is what the most en- 
lightened and prosperous community will wel- 
come and what the most improvident and care- 
less people cannot afford to be without. Many 
a man of middle age bitterly regrets that the 
saving habit he has been forced to form by the i 
pressure of circumstances was not inaugurated 
by him of free choice when youth and freedom 
from responsibility combined to make life 
pleasant, so that now as family cares increase 
and occasional aches and pains remind him that 
he is not the man he once was, he would not 
have to fear that the grim specter of abject 
poverty would seize upon his family if he 
should be stricken down for a month or even a 
year. Moralizing Is apt to be profitless work, 
and we are aware that it is especially so in these 
pages, but it is impossible for any thinking man 
to have the subject of Savings Banks brought 
before him without as a natural consequence 
being reminded of the bitter woe a proper use 
of these institutions might avert. No man 
worthy of the name wants to be dependent him- 
self and much less does he want to have his 
loved ones dependent upon sti-angers for sup- 
port and as long as present opportunities exist 
in this country, as long as healtii. strength and 
skill last no man should excuse himself fiom 
doing what even the "beasts that perish" have 
sense enough to do — provide in time of plenty 
for coming seasons of dearth and famine. No 
one can say " I know not whom to trust." The 
People's Savings Bank of this city has been in 
operation since 1875, it has time and lime again 
vindicated the confidence placed in it, and a 
dollar confided to its custody is much safer than 
it would be in its owner's pocket. "Money 
breeds money " is a homely but expressive say- 
ing and it lias one cardinal merit — it is strictly 
true. The first thousand dollars are always the 
hardest to save and no one need feel discouraged 
at the slowness with which this sum accumu- 
lates. Persevere and success is sure. The peo- 
ple now have deposits amounting to nearly $SUO,- 
000 in this bank and are adding to them every 
month. The surplus is nearly $ 25,000. The 
President Mr. C. I. Barker, and Treasurer Mr. 
E. C. Well man, are emphatically the right men 
in the right place, and with the Board of Trus- 
tees consisting of Messrs. C. I. Barker, A. B. 

Nealey, S. A. Cummings. John Carver, H.iW. 
Maxwell, W. M. Chamberlin, A. K. Savage and 

D. B. Sawyer, may be depended upon to run the 
People's Bank in the interests of its namesakes. 
The institution deserves hearty encouragement 
and we are glad to see that it is receiving it. 

Continental Mills, Manufacturers of 
Sheetings, etc., foot of Chestnut Street, Lewis- 
ton. As every well informed person knows, it 
is principally on account of the enterprise of 
her people as manifested in manufacturing op- 
erations that New England has been able to re- 
tain her prominent position among the other 
sections of the Union, for the advantages de- 
nied to her by the comparative sterility of the 
soil have had to be compensated for by vigor 
and confidence in developing the resources 
found in her swift-running streams and thus 
enabling mighty factories to be run by purely 
natural forces. One of the most extensive and 
most elaborately designed of these manufactur- 
ing plants is that utilized at the " Continental 
Mills, " located at the foot of Chestnut Street in 
Lewiston, and this enterprise is as well known 
as it is great in magnitude, for since its inaugu- 
ration in 1864 its productions have found their 
way to nearly every quarter of the globe, and 
have established for themselves a reputation 
for even merit and desirability that has resulted 
in an immense and constant demand for them. 
To supply this call 1500 looms and 70,000 
spindles are run and 1250 hands employed, 12 
large buildings occupied and water power 
equal to that of 1400 horses utilized. It goes 
without saying that the management of so col- 
lossal an industry calls for taleuts of a high 
order especially in these days of strict compe- 
tition, and it is also evident that the Conti- 
nental Mills must have been in good hands as 
otherwise they never could have attained their 
present position. The Treasurer is Mr. Geo. 

E. Towne of Boston, while Mr. R. C. Pennell is 
the Clerk and Paymaster, and Mr. E. S. Davis 
the Agent, the Directors being Messrs. Nathan 
Cushing, C. H. Wood, George E. Towne, L. 
Nichols, William J. Botch, Nathaniel Thayer 
and John N. Graham. The Auditors are Messrs, 
A. M. Newton and H. C. Little. 

H. B. Skinner & Co., Manufacturers of 
Bobbins, bpools and Skewers, also Dealer in 
Wood of all Kinds, Lewiston. Orders by Mail 
Promptly Attended to. Modern manufactur- 
ing enterprises are so dependent upon one 
another that prosperity and adversity are, as a 
general lule. experienced by ijractically alKof 
them at the same time and as a consequence 
"hard times" in one branch of industry are 
soon felt in others that at first thought would 
seem to have no conuectiou whatever with that 
originally affected. And, on the other hand, an 
important and prosperous line of manufacture 
like that devoted to the production of cotton 
and woolen goods, gives rise to numerous enter- 
prises of less magnitude in supplying its require- 
ments. For instance take the manufacture of 
Bobbins, these articles are of course indis- 
pensable to every mill engaged in the produc- 
tion of cotton or woolen goods and they are 
used in such enormous quantities that no small 
facilities will suffice those engaged in supply- 



ing the same. Probably one of the best 
equipped bobbin factories in this State is that 
conducted by H. B. Skinner & Co., at Nos. 2 
and 4 Cross Canal, where two floors are occu- 
pied of the dimensions of 100x20 feet and all the 
necessary machinery is run by water-power. 
This enterprise was inaugurated over thirty 
years ago by a Mr. Drew, later by a Mr. Gilmer, 
twelve years ago by Messrs. L. E. Brown & Co., 
of which Mr. Skinner was the Co., and since 
passing into the possession of the present pro- 
prietors, H. B. Skinner and A. E. Madison, it 
has been greatly developed and extended. 
Bobbins, Spools and Skewers are very largely 
manufactured, employment being given to 
fifteen assistants and many wholesale dealers 
supplied. In addition to above three teams are 
used in their extensive Wood Business, this is 
sawed to order any length desired. Orders are 
promptly filled and the very lowest market 
rates prevail. 

Calvert & Waldron, Publishers of the 
Lewiston and Auburn Daily and Weekly Gazette, 
Book and Job Printing, Waldron's Block, Lower 
Main Street, Lewiston. Messrs. Calvert and 
Waldron certainly require no introduction to 
many of our readers, for as the publishers of 
the "Gazette" their names have become familiar 
to the 3500 subscribers of the Weekly, and the 
1800 subscribers of the Daily paper, and as it is 
estimated that there are on the average five 
readers to every copy issued it will be seen that 
about 26,000 at least must know of this well- 
established firm. But it is not so much the 
fact of their publishing the "Gazette" that we 
wish to call attention to as it is the superior fa- 
cilities they have at hand for the doing of job 
printing of every description, for their work in 
connection with the paper mentioned speaks 
for itself, while there are many non-subscribers 
who frequently have occasion for good printing 
at fair prices, and who would best serve their 
own interests by patronizing the " Gazette " 
printing establishment. The business conduct- 
ed by these gentlemen was inaugurated in 1872 
by the late Col. W. G. Waldron, well-known as one 
of the good old war-horses of New England 
journalism, and the present firm-name was 
adopted in 1880. Mr. Thomas E. Calvert was 
born in England, Mr. Chas. W. Waldron being 
a native of Auburn. The premises utilized 
cover two fioors of the dimensions of 60x50 feet, 
and three steam presses including a Campbell 
cylinder, enable the firm to fill all orders at the 
shortest possible notice. Employment is afford- 
ed to twelve assistants, and some of the best 
specimens of Book and Job Printing ever seen 
in this city are turned out here in the ordinary 
course of business. 

Hotel Rockingham, Lewiston, A. F. Irish 
Proprietor, R. C. Harmon Clerk. It is of course 
evident that no information can be of more in- 
terest to the majority of strangers visiting a 
community for pleasure or profit than that re- 
lating to the character of the hotels to be found 
there. What people want to know first of all is, 
where can I find a quiet home-like hotel, where 
guests are made to feel at home, and where 
comfort and convenience are carefully studied, 
at moderate expense and receive acceptable 
accommodations. The question is a natural 
one, and when asked in connection with Lew- 
iston, the answer is easy to give. The Hotel 
Rockingham is a new house, each room being 
connected with the office by electric bells and 
speaking tubes, lighted by gas throughout and 
heated by steam; being seven miles drive to 
Poland Springs, three miles to Lake Grove, 
Horse Cars running to the foot of the Lake 
thence by steamer across the Lake to the Lake 
Auburn Hotel, also one mile to Auburn Crystal 
Springs. It has become a favorite with the 
"knowing ones." Its proprietor A. F. Irish, and 
the clerk, Mr. R. C. Harmon, are well known 
throughout the community. The Hotel Rock- 
ingham contains spacious and convenient 
rooms, and employment is given only to effi- 
cient assistants, and guests are waited upon 
with courtesy and promptness. The table and 
service of this house are all that one could ask 
for. Free sample rooms. First-class in every re- 
spect. Newly furnished throughout, heated by 
steam, Billiard room. No pains will be spared 
to make guests comfortable at reasonable rates. 
Hack and Livery Stable connected with the 
hotel. The prices are very reasonable for first- 
class accommodations. We therefore advise 
all visitors to Lewiston undecided where to 
stop, to try the Hotel Rockingham, as the facil- 
ities at his command enable the proprietor to 
offer first class accomodations, and it is accord- 
ingly .only natural that this house should be 
largely patronized. 


-OF — 


OME cities are remarkable for the enterprise and progressiveness which char- 
acterizes their citizens; some for the natural commercial advantages which 
bring prosperity, and still others for a charming situation in the midst of many beau- 
tiful scenes of nature. Auburn is remarkable for all of these. The history of Auburn 
is of a quiet but suggestive type, marked by the features which have characterized 
the growth of the ^est towns and cities of New England. It was originally a part of 
a large section of the Pejepscot Purchase, which went under the name of Bakers- 
town and included present Auburn, Minot and Poland. The city as now composed 
has been a gradual assimilation of territory from other towns in the vicinity. Auburn 
village, the nucleus of all future growth, was first settled by Joseph Welch, in 1797. 
He erected a log hut near what is now Golf's Corner, and began to clear the ground. 
As other settlers came, they built around this clearing as a center. Mr. Doblmeyer 
put up the second house, which was a framed one, and he also built and ran a grist 
mill. The third settler in this vicinity was Solomon Wood. Near the present site of 
the Auburn depot, settlers had come a little earlier, among whom were Benj. True, 
Jabez, Levi and Daniel Merrill from Turner, and Jacob Stevens from New Gloaces- 
tor. In 1791, Elias Merrill, of New Gloucester, bought up a large section of land 
here and took a prominent part in its settlement and cultivation. 

One great feature of the early settlement of this region, was the bitter and pro- 
longed litigation over land titles. In 1736, the General Legislature of Massachusetts 
had granted a large section of land to some officers and soldiers who had engaged in 
an expedition to Canada in 1690. These grants conflicted with the Prejepscot claims 
which went further, and the only result of long fighting was that the settling of the 
town was delayed many years. After the town had begun these, old disputes would 
arise like the ghost about the battle-field and caused many a scare, though perhaps 
not much damage. The action of the Massachusetts legislature was here very much 


at fault, as according to the best accounts they gave away, or sold, the same land 
three successive times. Undoubtedly, hud it not been for this chaotic state of titles, 
Auburn would have been settled earlier, as this was one of the loveliest, healthiest 
and most fertile spots on the whole course of the Androscoggin. Col. Moses 
Little was one of the most ])rominent and influential men in the early affairs of Au- 
burn, as he was of Lewiston. He was the agent of the settlers here, and owned 
much property himself, so he spent the most arduous endeavors in getting their rights 
and titles sustained, and induced many to settle, contributing a very marked share in 
the founding of the town. His two sons, Joseph and Edward, also did much to 
advance the town, tiie 1 itter in |)articnl;ir, residing here and taking great and active 
interest in all local affairs. He w;is most influential in the establishment of the First 
Congregational Church and also the Lewiston Falls Academy, in 1835, of which he 
was an incorporator, and which afterward in honor of numerous benefactions was 
named for him. 

From its late settlement, Auburn was not able to share in the honors or the toils 
of the Revolutionary War, audit w.vs not until the effects of the war had been largely 
overpassed that it begun to grow. Efside the Auburn village and depot settlement, 
there were two other village stations settled, which became a part of the latter town. 
One grew up about a mill erected by Jacob Muson, on the Little Androscoggin, in 
1786. By 1789 there were seven families here, namely, the Small, Moody, Starbird, 
Bailey, Emerson, Coombs and Libby families. There were also four or five families 
settled at Young's Corner, on Wilson's Pond, now Lake Auburn. All these scattered 
settlements were gathered up into the town which was incorporated under the name 
of Poland, in 1798. In the following year the settlement began to show signs of 
rapid advance. Lots were surveyed and opened by Philip BuUen and Mr. Ballard. 
The town grew quite markedly up to the beginning of the nineteenth century. 

In 1802, a part of the town which was rapidly progressing was set apart and in- 
corporated under the name of Minot. This included all of primitive Auburn which 
was set apart when it was incorporate*! as a town. Among other very early settlers 
in this neighborhood, were James Perkins, Asaph Howard, John C. Crafts, Azee 
Kingsley. These, together with the families of James Parker, John Downing, Benj. 
Noyes, J. Nason, Mr. Bray and Mr. Verrill, built up a considerable settlement to the 
west of Wilson's Pond, which grew into the township of West Auburn. James Per- 
kins, being a blacksmith and gunsmith, naturally look a prominent part in the affairs 
of this vicinity, as the services of such skilled mechanics were then very highly valued 
in all the pioneer settlements. 

North Auburn, at the head of Lake Auburn, which has since gained a wide rep- 
utation as a summer resort, was first settled by Simson Caswell, in 1787, who came from 
Plymouth County, Mass. He built a mill, which greatly advanced the growth of the 
village now known as North Auburn. East Auburn, at the outlet of Wilson's Pond, 
about three miles from the falls, was first settled in 1797, by William Briggs, with a 
large family. Soon after, Benj. Pettengill, Joshua Taylor and Philip Peaslee, settled 
near by, and a mill erected by the first named, soon caused a considerably village 
to grow up in this part of the town. 



One remarkable feature of the enrly history of Auburn, was the witch stories. 
These were rarer in Maine than in Massachusetts or Mew Hampshire. The wife of 
Johnny Merrill was supposeil to be afflicted with this epidemic disease, but its effects 
do not seem to have been of a rare or peculiar order. Whenever Johnny did not do 
as Mrs. Merrill desired, trouble would ensue in the family log-cabin. A yoke of oxen 
which he sold to a neighbor once on a time, were fouii<l the next morning in that 
neighbor's barn dead on their backs. This, according to popuhir superstition, was 
Aunt Molly's work, feminine witches being supposed to care nothing for the strength 
of an ox when they had any purpose to fulfill. Another neighbor, Samuel Knox, 
borrowed a wagon of Johnny to drag home sotne grain in, but when he came to load 
it the trouble began. As fast as he juit it in on one side it went out the other. Nat- 
urally, not understanding the law of gravity, he attributed it to Aunt Molly. These 
and other stories about Aunt Molly and other feminine disciples of Hecate went the 
rounds; but popular superstition did not go so far as in Mass;ichusetts or the old 
counties, and happily no s.mguinary results followed. 

The early years of the nineteenth century w ere spent very quietly in the clearing 
of the ground and preparing for the farm, lands which have since been successfully 
develoj)ed. There were now no longer any French or Indi;nis to trouble, so the good 
work went steadily on. At the time of the war of 1812 the town was yet too young 
to take any active pait, but it shared in the privations and depressions which followed 
that financial mistake. An important domestic event occni red when Jacob Read 

opened the first 

near Goff's Cor. 

trader here, and 

tion stone of the 

business which 

in Auburn. The 

and traders kept 

creasing, until at 

great fire of 1855 

business houses 

lished about 

Prominent in the 

history of Aub'rn 

who was an able merch 

the term, and whose fi 

he has left endurins: testim 

store here in 1822 
He was the first 
laid the founda- 
wide commercial 
has since cent'red 
number of stores 
constantly in- 
the time of the 
there were 25 
already estab- 
Goff's Corner. 
eaily commercial 
was James Goff, 
highest sense of 
memory, of which 
cherished in this 

city of his adoption. The first hotel was opened here in 1822, by Jacob Reed, and 
long served as a way-inn on the stage route, one of the great features of life in this 
region before the establishment of the railroad. 

In 1&42, Auburn's separate career was begun, as it was then incorporated as a 
town, after long waiting and delays. The blessings of a magnificent situation and 
untiring energy now began to be most marked. In 1848, the opening of a railroad 
to Portland created a new financial epoch, and created a demand for the fine manu- 



facturing facilities here enjoyed. Business continued steadily to expand and dur- 
ing the next decade assumed considerable proportions. The great fire of 1855 de- 
stroyed twenty-five or more buildings around Gofi^'s corner, but as was experienced 
in other places, the people rose to the occasion and erected finer structures in every 
way than those that were burned. Though the loss could not immediately be recov- 
ered from, yet the great enterprise shown continued the advance of the town at a 
rapid i^ace. The following years, 1856-57, witnessed the erection here of the County 
Buildino-s, Court House and Jail at a cost of over 1100,000. This fact reveals the 

position which Auburn had already taken in the county. In 1859 a part of the town 
of Danville was annexed to Auburn to meet the exigencies of the demand for land. 

The civil war aroused all the energies, active and latent, in the town of Auburn. 
A most enthusinstic support was given to all measures in support of the government. 
Four hundred and twenty men were enlisted here, of which number only fifteen were 
drafted. Only once was a draft needed, and then only for a few hours. There were 
also seven Auburn volunteers in the navy. Thirteen men were killed in battle, and a 
very much larger number were lost by sickness or capture. The town paid large 
sums to the advance of the cause, $62,365 in bounties, and several thousand dollars 
for the support of soldiers and in private charities. 

Among the talented and able oflScers who went from Auburn were Josepli S. 
Fillebrown who enlisted in and was made adjutant of the 1st regirtient and 



was afterward lieut,-col. of the 10th ; Chas. S. Emerson, a captain in the 1st, and 
afterward a lieut.-col. in the 29th ; Lieut. Phineas Dill ; H. L. K. Wiggins, surgeon j 
Jas, C. Felsom, 1st lieut. in 1st reg't ; E. T, Luce, lieut.-col. in 23d, A. C. Pray, cap- 
tain in 23d ; Jos. Dingley, adj't of the 8th ; Lieut. W. H. Chamberlain of the U. S. 
regulars; Lieut. Benj. M. Bradbury of the 10th ; Granville Blake, captain in the 29th; 
Capt. Jos. Little of the 3d New Hampshire; Chas. B. Rounds, captain in 31st, and 
Rev. A. C. Adams, chaplain. This long and most honoi-able list of commissioned oflS- 
cers from Auburn, many of whom rose from the ranks, was complemented by the re- 
markable bravery and esprit shown by the uncommissioned soldiers, both of which 
render Auburn's soldiers' memories such as it may well be proud of, and has carefully 
preserved and commemorated. 

The building of a bridge between Anbiirn and Lewiston, in 1823, Avas very bene- 
ficial to bcth, and opened up a great many advantages which contributed to its 
progress. The erection of the academy building, in 1835, was another evidence of 
the growth in size and refinement of the town. Mr. Edward Little gave nine acres, 
and considerable money to the academy, which was named soon after, '-'The Edward 
Little Institute." 

At the close of the war Auburn continued its advance in all lines, and in 1868 had 
arrived at the dignity of a city charter, which was granted by the legislature. The 
people, however, seemed loth to give up their accustomed form of town government, 
and did not decide to accept this charter till the following year. Thomas Littlefield 
was chosen the first mayor in 1869. A police court was established the same year of 
which Nathaniel Finch was chosen judge. The city now contained all of the town 
of Danville, the remainder of which was annexed in 1867. 

Since its incorporation as a city, Auburn has made marked advances in industriah 
commercial and social lines, and has developed into a powerful and well-organized 
city. Its business interests have not been beyond the depressions which at times have 
swept over the country, but in the main have gone steadily forward. At the present 
time Auburn ranks in this respect among the first few cities of the state, and this is 


due, both to the great natural advantages, and the enterprising genius of her business 
men. Among the chief manufacturing and commercial enterprises now conducted 
are shoes, for which she has a national reputation, cotton and woolen goods, grain and 
produce, carriages, iron goods, brick and furniture. 

The valuation of Auburn for 1887-88, was for real estate, $3,734,130; for personal 
property, $816,950 ; total valuation, $4,550,080. The total debt of the city is only 
$227,500, and is being steadily reduced. The tax rate is low, and advantages of sit- 
uation for manufacturing, outside of the great water power of the river, are unusually 
excellent. The city officers for 1887-88 were Hon. A. VV, Penley, mayor ; John N. 
Foster, president of the board of aldermen; J. W. Mitchell, city clerk; N. M. Neal, 
president common council ; D. W. Verrill, treasurer ; Frank F. Goss, school commis- 
sioner; Thomas Liltlefield, collector; and Geo, C. Wing, solicitor. 

The modern city of Auburn is one of the most delightful for a summer sojourn. 
It contains about tifty square miles of beautiful residences, farm and woodland, inter- 
spersed with lovely lakes and charming rivers. It is on the west side of the great 
Androscoggin river with its tremendous water-power force, almost unlimited in its 
possibility of development. The Little Androscoggin river also runs through, afford- 
ing several thousand horse power and good fishing and boating. Lake Auburn, the 
jargest in the vicinity, containing eight or ten square miles, is a very popular summer 
resort. Two first-class hotels have been erected near the lake, and the outing privi- 
leges are widely famed and highly enjoyed. Poland_^prings and Lake Maranocook 
are other noted resorts in the vicinity, easily and shortly reached. The drives through 
the city and country are exceedingly beautiful. The country is diversified with nu- 
merous romantic and delightful regions. It is an ideal summer home for a visitor de- 
siring a quiet, satisfactory and recuperating enjoyment. After having known the 
charm of the region it lingers in the memory as an abiding pleasure. 

The social, educational, and religious life of Auburn, is of a high tone, and admir- 
ably sustained. Ever since the early days of the town, the most careful and generous 
attention has been given to education, with the result that its twenty-four schools are 
maintained at the highest standard, and its beautiful high school, formerly the Ed- 
ward Little Institute, is one of the most widely famed in the state. Its graduates 
enter Bowdoin and other colleges, where they rank among the first scholars. There 
are churches of the Baptist, Free Baptist, Congregational, Methodist and Universal 
list denominations here, and the religious activity in philanthropic work and in pre, 
serving the moral life of the city are very wide and effective. Though Auburn is not 
one of the oldest cities in the state, it has now reached a position where, ior its good 
government and internal well-being, it is looked up to throughout Maine and well-de- 
serves all the honor which has attended the efforts to beautify and uplift it of its good 
citizens in the present and the past. 




Jolm F. Cobb & Co., Manufacturers and 
Wholesale Dealers in Boots and Shoes, 95-97 
Main Street, Auburn, Boston office No. 301 Dev- 
onshire Street. Although there are some peo- 
ple, even at the present day, who affect to 
lament the decay of handicrafts and who sigh 
for a return to the "good old days" of hand 
labor and patient drudging, they are happily in 
a very small minority, and indeed it is not to be 
wondered at that they are, as such reasoning as 
theirs, legitimately and consistently carried out 
would result in the steamboat being abandon- 
ed the row-boat on the ground that an oars- 
man must have skill while a steamboat passen- 
ger need have none. The trifling fact that if 
this were done there would be but very few 

travelers, does not seem to be worthy of their 
consideration any more than is the fact that 
the entire substitution of hand for machine 
labor in the shoe industry for instance would 
result in whole communities going barefoot- 
Machinery has undeniably worked wondrous 
changes in the manufactui-e of shoes, and a fine 
example of the perfection to which it has been 
carried may be seen in the establishment con- 
ducted by Messrs. John F. Cobb & Co., at Nos. 
9.5 and 97 Main Street, in this city. Five floors 
are occupied of the dimensions of 42x70 feet, 
and three floors in addition 37x80 feet, making 
22,500 feet of floor room, and a twenty horse- 
power is required to drive the ingenious and 
highly efficacious machinery in use, employ- 
ment being given to one hundred and fifty 
hands, The enterprise now conducted by the 
firm mentioned was inaugurated more than forty 
years ago by Messrs. Harris and Cobb, who 
were succeeded by Cobb & Mills, then by Cobb, 
Robinson & Co., and they in turn by Mr. J. F. 
Cobb, who continued alone until 1869, when the 
existing co-partnership was formed by the ad- 
mission of Messrs. John Pickard and in 1883, 
Chas. E. Cobb. The senior partner is a native of 
Sumner, Maine, and has long ranked as one of 
our representative citizens having been a mem- 
ber of the Board of Aldermen as well as hold- 
ing other positions of trust and responsibility 
such as President of the Mechanics Savings 
Bank, Director and Vice-president of Shoe and 
Leather National Bank etc. Mr. John Pickard 
is a native of Lewiston, and Mr. Chas. E. Cobb 
of this city, and the firm is very extensively 
known among the shoe trade, etc., throughout 
the country, doing business in nearly every 
State in the Union from Maine to California. 
The firm carries on a Boston office at No. 301 
Devonshire Street, and makes a specialty of the 
production of mens' fine and medium grade of 
boots and shoes, handling the same at whole- 
sale and doing a large and growing business. 



C. T. Ne veils. Manufacturer nnd Dealer in 
Carriages and Sleisjhs, Wheels for Sale. Repair- 
ing of all Kinrls, Junction of Turner and Pleas- 
ant Streets, Auburn. A carriage is one of those 
articles that look comparatively simple and easy 
to make when all done, but wiiich really requires 
a high degree of skill and experience to manu- 
facture successfully. A finished carriage is the 
result of the combined work of .several trades, 
for the wood-work cannot be done by he who 
makes the iron-work, vrhile the painting and 
varnishing are attended to by men who prob- 
ably know nothing about "trimming" as the 
upholstery work on a carriage is called. There- 
fore as we have said, a well-made carriage is a 
production involving much skill and thought, 
and to produce such vehicles riglit along in the 
ordinary course of business is what few raakei's 
have gained so high a reputation for as has Mr. 
C. T. Nevens who carries on operations at the 
junction of Turner and Pleasant Streets. He is 
a native of Lewiston and founded his present 
undertaking in 1.S70 and some time since his 
productions were accepted as the standard of 
what such articles should be, a standard which 
he has rigidly adhered to. The manufacturing 
facilities are very extensive, there being seven 
floors utilized, measuring 60x45 feet and equipped 
with improved machinery, etc., including an 
elevator of sufficient capacity to convey the 
largest vehicle to the upper floors. Employ- 
ment is given to twenty assistants and a very 
large wholesale and retail business is done, order 
work being made a specialty and turned out at 
short notice and at the lowest market prices 
for first-class articles. Farm wagons and carts 
are also made together with wheel-barrows, and 
these goods will be found as strong and durable 
as the carriages made are easy and elegant. 
Wheels are sold at low rates and repairing of 

all kinds is done in a thorough and workman- 
like fashion that is bound to suit. Mr. Nevens 
carries a very extensive assortment of the lead- 
ing makes and styles of carriages other than 
his own and no one wanting either carriage or 
wagon can aftord to omit paying him an early 

Auburn Savines Bank, James Dingley, 
President, George fl. Brown, Treasurer. In 
these days of education and culture there is a 
rule for everything, and whether a man wishes 
to win distinction in mercantile or professional 
pursuits, he is expected and advised to proceed 
aocoiding to certain arbitral y loimulas laid 
down by who consider themselves quali- 
fied to assume authority regarding such sub- 
jects. But to our mind there has as yet been 
no decided improvement made in the good old- 
fashioned receipt for getting on in the world, 
which was simply this: "Spend less than you 
earn." There is irthing very hard to under- 
stand about this advice nothing, in fact, beyond 
the compiehension of the merest child, but 
still it is the master key by which all may open 
the door of prosperity and pass in, secure 
against the hardships and privations of those 
without. Don't be discouraged if your earn- 
ings are small, save money. Save a dollar a 
day if you are in a position to do so; save a 
cent a day if you can possibly do no better. 
The iireat thing is to attain the habit of saving, 
for with this five hundred dollars a year will 
offer opportunity to provide for the future, and 
without it a man earning ten times that sum is 
apt to die in a poor-house. Smile at these 
words if you will, but when you are thi'ough 
smiling look about you. Consult your own 
experience, and then if you consider them fool- 
ish and ill-advised treat them with whatever 
contempt you please. Don't hoard money up 
and keep it in the house, or bury it in the 
ground, but put it in the bank where it will 
work for you night and day and add to itself. 
What bank, you ask? Well, put it in the Au- 
burn Savings Bank. You can do no better. It 
will be safe there. A liberal interest will be 
allowed on it, and you will find the officers of 
the institution ready to afford you any informa- 
tion you may wish for. Just a score of years 
ago this bank was founded, and the dejjosits 
now amount to over $700,000. A Reserve Fund 
and Undivided Profits, amounting to $24,000, 
show how the enterprise has been managed in 
the past, and we wish it still greater success in 
the future, for it has accomplished a grand 
work in the community and deserves the earn- 
est, cordial support of every resident of this 
city. The President is Mr. James Dingley, the 
Vice-president, Mr. George S. Woodman, and 
the Treasurer is Mr. George H. Brown, — three 
names, of themselves enough to guarantee the 
high standing of the institution. The Trustees 
are Messrs. James Dingley, Geo. S. Woodman, 
Richard Dresser, Frank Bartlett, D. W. Verrill, 
Daniel Lara, John A. Morrill, A. M. Peables 
and Daniel Holland. In conclusion, let us say 
that as an undertaking of this kind is in a 
great degree a co-operative enterprise, it can 
offer greater advantages to many than to few, 
and hence the more it is patronized the better 
it is for depositors. 



Stevens & Goss, Dealers in Groceries and 
Provisions. Flour a specialty, next to Goff Block, 
Main Street, near Court Street, Auburn. A re- 
liable grocery store is one of the indispensable 
requisites of every community, since health, 
and perhaps life to some extent are largely de- 
pendant upon the vigilance and probity of the 
dealers supplying food for domestic purposes. 
In general esteem of consumers and dealers in 
Auburn, the house of Messrs. Stevens & Goss 
fully meets the requirements of the public in 
every regard. The business was established by 
this firm in 1886, and from the beginning has 
been conducted on a basis of the strictest integ- 
rity and fair dealing. The establishment is lo- 
cated at 94 Main Street, Phoenix Block. The 
premises comprise a store covering an area of 
50x80 feet, and is veell stocked with Staple and 
Fancy Groceries and Provisions of all kinds, a 
specialty being made of Flour and the most 
positive guarantee of excellence of merchan- 
dise is always given. The above-named goods 
are supplied by this firm at retail, at a fair 

f>rice for the quality of goods, and prompt de- 
ivery is made free of charge to any part of the 
city. The individual members of the firm are 
Messrs. J. M. Stevens and H. A. Goss. both na- 
tives of this State, Mr. Stevens being born in 
Auburn, and Mr. Goss in South Paris, both en- 
joying in a full measure the confidence of the 
people of this city. Mr. Goss is a member of 
the Odd Fellows and Red Men, and Mr. Stevens 
of Masons, Odd Fellows and Red Men. 

J. F. Atwood, Dealer in Boots, Shoes, 
Hats, Caps and Gents' Furnisliings, 33 f'ourt 
Street, Opposite Post Office, Corner of Main, 
Auburn. A careful review of the interests of 
Auburn develops the existence of a class of 
houses in every respect prepared to compete in 
the several lines they represent, with the rival 
establishments of any city. Their magnitude, 
ample resources, high commercial standing, and 
remarkable enterprise, are matters of which 
Auburn, has evei-y reason to be proud. It is 
our mission to show to the outside world what 
this city produces, what it has to sell, the 
advantages possessed by it over many others, 
and the attractions it offers to capital for pev- 
manent investments, and to the trade as a pur- 
chasing center. In the especial branch of the 
retail shoe business, the house of Mr. J. F. 
Atwood must be awarded by the casual observer 
a foremost position. This establishment was 
founded by its present management in 1870, and 
from the first has ever maintained its present 
prosperous condition. Premises are utilized in 
Elm Block, opposite Post Office, comprising a 
store 80x22 feet in dimensions, and may be 
justly said to be one of the best appointed 
stores in this city. The energies of this house 
are devoted to the retail trade in B(Jots, Shoes. 
Hats, Caps, and Gen(s' Furnishings of which 
is carried the finest and most complete stock to 
be found in this section. Mr. Atwood is a 
native of Cape Cod, Mass., and too well known 
to this community and the trade to require 
from us any personalities, suffice it for us to 
say that his long experience in the business has 
given him a keen knowledge of what is demand- 
ed in the trade, and he is able to offer induce- 
ments to patrons, seldom if ever excelled. 

O. A. Atkins, Dry and Fancy Goods, Dress- 
making, etc., 23 Third Street, Barker Mill Dis- 
trict, Auburn. Eligibly located in the Barker 
Mill District Auburn. Me., is the Dry and Fancy 
Goods establishment of O. A. Atkins. Its 
prosperous career extends over a period of 
eleven years, and the fine assortment of goods 
constantly in stock, at most reasonable prices 
has done much toward establishing the en- 
viable reputation it now holds. The original 
founders of this business were Dunn and Atkins 
who started in 1877, and in 1879. O. A. Atkins, 
assumed full management <»f the business. The 
premises occupied cover an area of 23x18 feet 
located at No. 23 Third Street. The store is 
fitted up with every facility for the prosecution 
(if the retail trade, a specialty being made of 
Dressmaking, and the stock dealt in includes a 
varied assortment of Dry and Fancy Goods, 
Notions, etc., in great abundance which are 
offered at prices as low as they can be bought 
for elsewhere. Knowing as we do the reputa- 
tion this house has gained, we can but feel that 
any further remarks at our hands would be 

H. Wesley Hutchins, Manufacturer of 
Patented Scale-Board Boxes, Auburn. Although 
inventions relating to any well-established 
manufacturing process are, as a general thing 
very difficult to introduce and firmly place in 
the market, still when an invention is perfected 
which is such a palpable improvement on any- 
thing that has preceded it that no proper com- 
parison can be made, it only needs proper 
handling to make its way against whatever 
organized competition may be brought against 
it. Here we have the secret of the very excep- 
tional degree of success attained by the Scale- 
Board Boxes of Mr. H Wesley Hutchins, for 
these articles are manufactured under patents 
issued to, and controlled by. that gentleman, 
whose productions are now sold throughout the 
country, as they are conceded by competent 
judges to be unrivalled for the purposes for 
which they are designed. The inception of 
this enterprise occurred in 1876, under the man- 
agement of Messrs. Hutchins, Noyes & Co., and 
it has been carried on since by the New Eng- 
land Scale-Board Box Co. and the Boston Box 
Co., coming under Mr. Hutchin's sole control in 
1880. He is the Inventor and Tatentee of the 
Scale-Board Box, Box Machine, and Process of 
Manufacture, and the demand for the goods 
may be judged from the fact that the annual 
production amounts to about one million and a 
half boxes, six floors of the dimension of 130x 
.50 feet being occupied, and fifty hands employed 
to accomplish this result, and water power foot- 
ing up to one hundred horse being utilized to 
run the highly ingenious machinery in use. 
This factory has only been occupied since Feb- 
ruary, 1887, and is arranged in the most im- 
proved modern style. Mr. Hutchins is a native 
of Minot, and is one of the best-known inven- 
tors and manufacturers in the country. He is 
a Mason of the highest degree, and is also 
prominently connected with the Odd Fellows. 
Few of our successful business men have so 
thoroughly deserved the appreciation of the 
public, and those most familiar with the obsta- 
cles Mr. Hutchins has overcome hold him the 
highest in their esteem. 



Georgre B. AttTVOod, Dealer in Boots. 
Shoes and Rubbers, No. 44 Court Street, Oppo- 
site Elm House, Auburn. There are certain 
houses in every city that enjoy an undisputed 
superiority in their several lines of trade, and 
this is as true of those in Auburn as in any 
other place. In the matter of fine shoes at 
retail this position is undoubtedly held by the 
establishment of Mr. George B. Attwood located 
at No. 44 Court Street opposite Elm House. Mr. 
Attwood learned the trade of bottoming shoes 
in 1857, and continued to work for Cushman & 
Merrill, then carrying on a business at West 
Minot until they dissolved partnership; he then 
worked for Ara Cushman until he moved to 
Auburn, after which he worked for Joseph 
Merrill until he moved to Mechanic Falls in the 
spring of 1865. After Mr. Merrill moved he 
opened a retail Boot and Shoe Store, running a 
custom and repair shop in connection at West 
Minot, and so continued until 1881, when he 
located at his present quarters, 44 Court Street, 
Auburn, and the result of his long engagement 
in the shoe trade, and the unusual ability and 
enterprise which he has shown in the manage- 
ment of his business is seen in the very large 
and increasing trade he now enjoys. A fine 
store, 45x25 leet in dimensions, is occupied and 
employment is given to experienced and able 
assi.stants. The entire establishment consti- 
tutes what is generally regarded as a fine ap- 
pearing and first class retail Boot and Shoe 
Stoie, and it is certainly a credit alike to its 
proprietor and the community in which it is 
located. The very complete stock on hand 
contains articles to suit every vai'iety and gra- 
dation of taste, and although none but reliable 
goods are handled, there is a sufficient number 
of grades carried to permit all purses to be 
suited, and the general average of prices will be 
found very reasonable. Mr. Attwood has been 
Selectman of Minot and was City Treasurer of 
Auburn in 1886. 

John Ding-ley & Co., Dealers in Groce- 
ries, Crockery, Oil-cloth, Lime and Cement, 
Phoenix Block, 86 Main Street, Auburn. A bu- 
siness enterprise which has been carried on for 
over thirty years in this city and which has 
from its inception been conducted in a manner 
both honorable and progressive can hardly fail 
to be a popular one, and such is the case with 
that we have now under mention, for the house 
of John Dingley & Co., is as highly respected 
as it is well known, and its patronage is not 
only very extensive but is continually increas- 
ing. The undertaking was inaugurated by 
Messrs. J. Dingley jr. & Co., this taking place 
as we have said over thirty years ago. The 
original firm was succeeded by Messrs. Dingley 
& Brewster, and this in turn by the present 
concern in 1886. Mr. John Dingley was born in 
Dunham, Me., and is connected with the Free 
Masons. He has, as a matter of course, a most 
thorough and perfect acquaintance with the 
many details incidental to the carrying on of 
such a business as his, and is consequently in a 
position to offer the public some very decided 
advantages at times when the market affords 
opportunity for foresight and resolution to as- 
sert themselves. The premises occupied are i 

located at No. 86 Main Street, Phce lix Block, 
and comprise two fioors measurinii :>5x55 feet, 
together with a storehouse of the dimensions 
of 80x40 feet. A very heavy stock is carried 
and an idea of its vaiiety may be irained from 
the fact that it includes (Groceries, Crockery, 
Oil-cloth, Lime and Cement. 

C. J. Litchflelcl & Co., Carriage Manu- 
facturers, Custom Work a specialty, Carriage, 
Sign and Ornamental Painting. Repairing of 
all kinds, Corner Turner and Pleasant Streets. 
The comfort of both horse and driver is depend- 
ent in a very c<msiderable degree on the vehicles 
used and the importance of having a carriage 
made as light as is consistent with safety, and 
as easy riding as possible, can scarcely be over- 
rated. Comparatively few people realize that 
the durability of a vehicle (other things being 
equal, is principally dependent on its springs, 
yet such is the fact, for experience and carefnlly 
conducted experiments, have shown that the 
sudden and violent shocks, a carriage or wagon 
receives when unprovided with springs, or 
equipped with those of inferior construction or 
design will destroy it much quicker than when 
properly made springs are used. The firm of 
C. J. Litchfield & Co., of this town have built 
up a large patronage, and high reputation, by 
the skill they have shown in turning out car- 
riages, which are both durable and elegant in 
appearance, and a by no means unimportant 
factor in their success has been the fair and 
reasonable prices they have put on their pro- 
ductions which consist chiefly of Light Car- 
riages, although they do manufacture some 
heavy waaons. • This now extensive manufac- 
turing and retail business was founded in 1885 
by Mr. C. J. Litchfield, and in 1886 the firm- 
name became C. J. Litchfield it Co. The prem- 
ises occupied are located at the corner of Tur- 
ner and Pleasant Streets and comprises four 
floors and a basement, each covering an area of 
75x50 feet, where is conducted the can-iage 
manufacturing business in all its branches. 
Employment is furnished to seven skilled and 
thoroughly experienced workmen, and a special- 
ty is made of Custom Work and repairing of all 
kinds, also Carriage, Sign, and Ornamental 
Painting, is executed in the most satisfactory 
manner. The individual proprietors of this 
prosperous establishment are Mr. C. J. Litch- 
field and Mr. S. A. JNIiller, all thoroughly prac- 
tical business men in a position to fully guar- 
antee their productions. A full line of new 
sleighs is carried. Carriages of all kinds re- 
ceive the same careful attention, and are sup- 
plied at the lowest market rates. 



W^illiani A. Robinson, Druggist and 
Apothecary. Dealer in Trusses, Paints, Oils, 
Varnish, Paper Hangings, etc.. Auburn. As 
the sick and the well, those who wish to avoid 
illness and those who wish to gain health, all 
patronize the establishment conducted by Mr. 
William A. Robinson in this city, it follows as a 
matter of course that he does a very large busi- 
ness, and also that as he is thus enabled to buy 
goods in large quantities and thus obtain them 
at the very lowest manufacturers' and whole- 
salers' rates, putting him in a position to offer 
special inducements to his customers both as 
regards the freshness of his stock and the low 
prices quoted on the articles constituting it. 
The enterprise we have under consideration 
was inaugurated in 1867 under the firm name of 
Kobinson & Beedy, and came under the sole 
control of itspresent efficient manager and pro- 
prietor in 1884. Mr. Robinson was born at 
Vineyard Haven, Mass., but has been complete- 
ly identified with the best interests of this com- 
munity for many years. The premises occupied 
by him are of the dimensions of 70x30 feet, and 
employment is given to three highly competent 
and courteous assistants, such goods as Trusses, 
Paints, Oils, Varnishes, Paper Hangings, etc., 
being handled, as well as Drugs, Medicines and 
Chemicals of all descriptions. A specialty is 
made of the careful and accurate compounding 
of physicians' prescriptions and the facilities 
at hand to insure success and guard against 
error in this line are so complete and ingenious- 
ly devised as to make mistakes practically im- 
possible. Mr. Robinson is also very favorably 
known in connection with certain Toilet prep- 
arations and home remedies which have proved 
themseves to be all that is claimed for them. 
Among them may be mentioned Robinson's 
Tonic Dressing for the hair, Bayleaf Lotion for 
the complexion, Shampoo "ronic for Dandruff, 
Robinson's Garget Remedy and Grandmother's 
Thoroughwort Syrup for coughs and colds. 

C. H. Briggrs, Truckman and Dealer in 
Hard and Soft Wood, Pressed Hay and Straw, 
Shavings in large or small quantities, Junction 
Pleasant and Turner Streets, Auburn. Every- 
body nowadays, at some time or the other, wants 
to secure the services of an expressman or 
teamster, and as a great deal of anxiety and an- 
noyance may be saved by knowing where a per- 
fectly reliable man may be found who is en- 
gaged in this business we need present no 
excuse for bringing to the notice of our readers 
so trustworthy an establishment as that con- 
ducted by Mr C. H. Briggs, located at the junc- 
tion of Pleasant and Turner Streets, Auburn. 
The inception of this enterprise was in 1886, by 
its present able proprietor. A large and in- 
creasing patronage is enjoyed, the very best of 
accommodations being furnished, and all orders 
executed with a combination of speed and fidel- 
ity that would be hard to match elsewhere. Mr. 
Briggs was born in Turner, Maine, and is con- 
nected with the Free Masons and Odd Fellows. 
He employs six horses and seven large wagons, 
and two light wagons in his work, and five as- 
sistants are required to handle the volume of 
business transacted. Trucking for manufac- 
tories and teaming of all kinds will be done 

promptly and satisfactorily, and all directions 
carefully followed. In addition to the Trucking 
business Mr. Briggs deals very extensively in 
Hard and Soft" Wood, Pressed Hay and Straw, 
also Shavings in large or small quantities. The 
premises occupied for the accommodation of 
the merchandise dealt in consists of three 
stories, each .55x25 feet in dimensions. We 
commend the enterprise of Mr. Briggs to our 
readers as one that occupies a prominence in 
the business community of Auburn. 

H. R. Smith & Son, Dealers in Coal, Wood 
and Hay, 212 Court Street, next to M. C. R. R., 
Auburn. Although it certainly seemed at times 
during the past half year or so as if Coal was to 
become a luxury very desirable no doubt, but 
quite out of the reach of ordinary people, this 

danger has happily been averted, and the ques- 
tion of fuel has returned to its proper position 
in the domestic economy. There is at all events 
a consolation in knowing that the supply at 
the mines is in no danger of exhaustion for gen- 
erations to come, and if we can only induce 
those gentlemen who have devoted themselves 
to the handling of it to send along a proper 
quantity, there need be no alarm experienced 
regarding the possibility of keeping warm, and 
no experiments made in the line of accustom- 
ing ourselves to eat our food raw. But in all 
seriousness, no such mistake should be made 
as to ascribe the high prices that may be quoted 
on coal to the greed of local dealers, as these 
gentlemen would only be too willing to sell it 
at one-half the present rates even if they saw a 
fair and reasonable profit for themselves in do- 
ing so. Of course we speak of the standard 
and reputable concerns and one of the very best 
known of these is that carried on by Messrs. H. 
R. Smith & Son on Court Street, next to the M. 
C. R. R. This enterprise was inaugurated in 
about 1872, and in 1883 it came into the prosses- 
sion of Mr. Chas. E. Smith, who in 1884 was 
succeeded by the present firm which is made 
up of Messrs. H. R. and S. B. Smith, the former 
is a native of Hallowelland the latter of this city. 
As Mr. H. R. Smith has acted as Mayor of 
Auburn as well as Representative to the Legis- 
lature, he is very widely known thi-oughout 
this section and we may add, is as highly es- 
teemed as he is well known. His son is also a 
prominent business man and the magnitude of 
the transactions carried on by the firm is indi- 
cated by the capacity of the storage facilities 
which is equal to the accommodation of 4000 
tons of coal, and over 6000 are sold in the course 
of the year. Both a wholesale and retail busi- 
ness is done in Wood and Hay as well as in Coal, 
and employment is given to eight assistants, 
all orders being promptly filled at the lowest 
market rates. 



Ding-ley, Foss & Co., Manufacturers of 
Boots, Shoes and Slippers, Auburn. Auburn 
contains more than one shoe factory of large 
extent and iiigh repute but among them all it 
would be impossible to find any in which more 
pains were taken to produce goods fully up to 
the standard in all respects than is the case at 
that of which Messrs. Dingley, Foss & Co., are 
the proprietors. The undertaking carried on 
by these gentlemen was begun in 1875, and its 
present extent affords significant indication of 
the appreciation evinced by the public for the 
goods coming from this factory. As now con- 
stituted the firm is made up of Messrs. J. Ding- 
ley, jr., who is a native of this jcity, H. G. Foss, 
who was born in Wayne, E. G. Sprague, Green 
andE, M. Stevens, Auburn,all partners being well 
known, particularly Mr. Dingley who has offici- 
ated as Representative and also as State Senator. 
The premises now occupied for manufacturing 
purposes comprise a new factory off Hampshire 
Street, five floors of the dimensions of 154x40 
feet, and are equipped with a thirty-horse en- 
gine, and of course with all the necessary im- 
proved machinery, etc., there being two hun- 
dred hands employed. The special line pro- 
duced is Men's Fine Boots and Shoes, and con- 
siderable attention is also paid to the manufac- 
ture of Slippers, and Tennis and Base-Ball Shoes. 
There is an office maintained in Boston at No. 
105 Bedford Street, corner of Lincoln, and the 
demand for the goods produced by this factory 
is a brisk and increasing one, for they have been 
found to stand the test of actual wear in a sur- 
prisingly satisfactory manner and are sold to 
dealers at very reasonable rates. They are such 
goods as may safely be "warranted" for the ut- 
most care is used in their production. 

and they are prepared to guarantee perfection 
of fit as well as of style to those who may favor 
them with orders for custom garments. Twelve 
skilled assistants are employed, and customers 
can be supplied at short notice. 

J. H. Twoinbly & Co , Custom Tailors, 
Gents' Furnishing Goods, 0pp. Y. M. C. A. 
Block, Court Street, Auburn. It is doubtless 
very true that a woman who feels herself to be 
well dressed is perfectly at ease as a general 
thing, even amongst the most imposing sur- 
roundings, but the same may be asserted with 
equal justice of ninety-nine men out of one 
hundred, or at least it may be said that the con- 
sciousness of being dressed as well as their 
neighbors is «if the greatest value to about all 
men if they wish to meet those with whom they 
have dealings on equ;il terms and without the 
slightest embarrassment. Such being the case 
it needs no argument to prove that no one 
should be considered extravagant for dressing 
in accordance with the prevailing style and 
having his clothing made by a house that 
makes a specialty of fine and artistic work in 
this line, and in this connection we may well 
speak of the euterpiise conducted by Messrs. 
J. H. Twombly& Co., on Court Street, opposite 
the Y. M. C. A. Block. This establishment 
was founded in 1885, and it has already become 
the headquarters for those desiring to inspect 
and select from the latest examples of Foreign 
and Domestic suitings, etc., for a large and full 
assortment of these goods is always to be found 
on Messrs. J. H. Twombly & Go's counters as 
well as an unusually varied collection of Gents' 
Furnishings of correct pattern. Messrs. J. H. 
Twombly and Geo. H. Cobb, who are both 
members of the Red Men, constitute the firm. 

Auburu Drug- & Chemical Co., Court 
Street, Auburn. This company was incorporat- 
ed in 1881 for the purpose of extending the sale 
of the Standard Remedies formerly prepared by 
H. C. Packard & Co. The capital is $50,000.00, 
and the directors compinse some of the 
leading business men of this section. The 
original firm was started in 1877, Mr. Packard 
coming from lieadfield. Me. Owing to the 
rapid increase of business the present company 
was organized consisting of S. F. Merrill, Presi- 
dent; N. W. Harris, Vice-president; H. C. 
Packard, Treasurer; W. B. Kilbourne, Secretary, 
and the trade, large as it was, has been extend- 
ed. The preparations of this company are all 
made from tested prescriptions and care is 
taken that only the freshest and purest drugs 
and herbs are used in compounding them, and 
the same care is used in putting them up as 
when the sales were one-tenth of their present 
magnitude. An agent of the company drives 
through the several towns in this part of the 
State ill a team costing almost §1,000.00. This 
is used in supplying the trade as the demand 
for these Standard Remedies is steadily extend- 
ing and increasing. While the trade in the 
Standard Medicines is very large that is not the 
sole business. On the contrary one will find 
here an elegant and commodious drug store, 
fully stocked with everything in the line 
of Pure Drugs and Chemicals. Toilet Articles, 
Fancy Goods, etc.; a specialty is also made of 
the preparation of physicians' prescriptions. A 
number of careful and experienced assistants 
are employed who will give all orders prompt 
attention. The following are some of the pre- 
parations of this company: Pix Liquida Com- 
pound, a clean, bright, effectual cough cure, 35 
cents; Kilbourne's Bismuth Mint Lozenge, 
cures sick headache and all unpleasant results 
of indigestion, 25 cent-: Packard's Purity Pow- 
der, a Tooth Powder, which not only cleanses 
the teeth, but it disi' U'cts the mouth, and is 
positively harmless, 25 cents; A. D. & C. Co.'s 
Best Honduras Sarsaparilla Extract, cleanses 
the blood, aids digestion, cures constipation, a,nd 
does you good, 85 cents; Packard's Condition 
Powder is put up with as much care as if for 
man's use, instead of the horse he loves. You 
will find it the best powder for the least money. 
1 pound boxes, 25" cents; Packard's Carbolic 
Ointment, the finest thing you ever saw in that 
line, just the thing for sunburns, or any other 
burn, sore, cut or eruption; Kilbourne's Pain 
Stop is a perfect thing m its line, good for in- 
ternal use in small doses, and excellent for ex- 
ternal use; Heave and Cough Capsules, sure 
cure for coughs of all kinds, and recent cases of 
Heaves, and will surely help all cases; Dr. 
Watson's Liniment. These may be ordered 
either direct of the company or through your 
nearest drug store in any place. Trade supplied 
by J. W. Perkins & Co., and Cook, Everett & 
P'ennell, Portland. Retail orders sbould be sent 
to Auburn Drug & Chemical Co., Aubinn. 


Kdwin T. Stt'veiis. Dealer in Groceries, 
Meats and Provisions, No. 203 Turner Street. 
The Grocery and Provision establishment locat- 
ed at No. 203 Turner Street is not only already 
popular but is beconiinj^ more and more so, as 
the people get better Hcquainted with the busi- 
ness methods of its present proprietor, and 
have more of an opportunity to learn of' the 
uniform merit of the goods handled and the 
low prices, at which they are sold. This enter- 
prise was started in 1874 by S. Macumber, and 
since 1886 has been conducted by the present 
proprietor, Mr. Edwin T. Stevens. A fine store 
is occupied of the dimensions of 60x25 feet and 
the stock on hand includes everything in the 
fine Staple and Fancy Groceiy line, together 
with Meats and Poultry of all kinds in their 
seasons also everything included in Provisions. 
Two reliable and experienced assistants are 
employed and the public has discovered that all 
representations made at this establishment can 
be implicitly relied upon, for it is the idea of 
Mr. Stevens to sell every article on its merits 
and not to take advantage of the inexperience 
of any buyer. The most fastidious will find 
themselves able to get choice cuts of Meats 
here, that will give complete satisfaction, and 
the choicest Family Groceries are also to be had 
at the lowest market rates. Mr. Stevens is 
among the most popular business men of Au- 
burn. He is a member of the Free Masons and 
also is the present Commander of Buruside 
Post, G. A. R., No. 47. 

J. E. Tibbetts ct Co., Dealers in Flour, 
Corn, Meal. Oats, Wheat, Bran, Middlings, 
Cotton Seed and Linseed Meal, Hay, Straw, etc., 
Mill 83 Knight Street, Storehouse near Elm on 
M. C. R. R., Auburn. Among the more impor- 
tant articles of Merchandise handled in this city, 
due mention should be made of Flour, Corn, 
Meal, Oats, Feed and Pressed Hay, Straw, etc., 
as these staple products are in brisk demand, 
and quite a number of enterprising houses are 
employed in supplying them. One of the best 
known and most largely patronized establish- 
ments engaged in this trade is tliat now con- 
ducted by .1. E. Tibbetts & Co., whose mill is 
located at the head of Knight Street, near 
Turner Street. The undertaking alluded to was 
established in 1861 by the senior partner of the 
present firm, and in 1883 Mr. N. S. Tibbetts was 
admitted to the firm, since which date the firm 
name has been J. E. Tibbetts & Co. They have 
built up a thriving and extensive business by 
means of intelligent management and close at- 
tention to the interests of iheir customers, as 
well as those of themselves. They are both 
natives of the State of Maine, and excellent 
judges of the articles in which they deal, and 
are in a position to accommodate all classes of 
trade by exeicising judicious discrimination as 
to their respective ne^ds. The Grist Mill occu- 
pied comprises four floors each 7;">x50 feet in 
dimensions and is supplied with every facility 
necessaiy for the conduct of the business which 
is operated by water j)ower. and an extensive 
manufacturing wholesale and retail business is 
done. A large and complete stock is carried 
thus enabling all orders to be filled with celer- 
ity and accuracy, and in fact it is to this char- 
acteristic of their business that Messrs. Tibbetts 

& Co. owe no small part of the exceptional suc- 
cess attained. Mr. J. E. Tibbetts is a member 
of the city council of Auburn. 

A. D. & E. F. Goss, Confectionery, Fruits 
and Cigars, 48 Court Street, Auburn. A popu- 
lar house in Auburn concerned in those 
branches of business included under the al)ove 
headings is that of Messrs. A. D. & E. F. Goss. 
This business was established in 1884 by Mr. 
A. D. Goss. and in 1887 Mr. E. F. Goss was ad- 
mitted to the business since which date the 
style has been A. D. & E. F. Goss. The prem- 
ises occupied cover an area of 45x20 feet, locat- 
ed at 48 Court Street. Which is well stocked 
with a complete and varied assortment of Con- 
fectionery, and Foreign and Domestic Fruits, 
also Cigars and Tobacco and in addition to the 
above-named lines of goods, the Messrs. Goss 
deal extensively in Soda Water and Ice-Cream, 
for which purpose their establishment is 
supplied with a fine Soda Fountain and Ice 
Cream Sah>on. and altogether they conduct a 
first-class retail trade, and their stock of deli- 
cacies, are guaranteed always pure and fresh. 
Both Mr. A. D. Goss and Mr. E. F. Goss are 
natives of Danville, Me., and are in a position to 
offer the stongest inducements to patrons, and 
their retail trade is drawn from the best classes. 
Mr. A. D. Goss is a prominent member of the 
Red Men and E. F. Goss of the Knights of 

A. J. Verrill & Co., Marble Workers. 
Mimuments, Tablets and Headstones on hand 
and made fiom the very best Italian and Amer- 
ican Marble, Shop on Tuiiier Street, Auburn. 
A statue, a monument, a tablet — in fact artistic 
stone-work of any description is quite beyond 
the power of words to give an adequate idea of 
and comes completely under the category of 
that which "must be seen to be appreciated.'* 
Therefore we will not waste our space or tire 
the patience of our readers by attempting a de- 
scription of some of the productions of Messrs. 
A. J. Verrill & Co., but will simply say "visit 
their establishment on Turner Street, and see 
for yourselves." The firm in question is made 
up of Messrs. A. J. Verrill and F. A. Rendall, 
and begun operations in 1882. Mr, Verrill was 
formerly a member of the city council, and both 
he and Mr. Rendall are connected with the Odd 
Fellows, the latter gentlemen being also a mem- 
ber of the Ancient 0)der of United Workmen. 
Two floors are occupied of the dimensions of 
50x55 feet, and the work done is not confined 
to marble alone but includes some granite as 
well, as for instance facades for buildings, etc. 
Employment is given to six skilled assistants, 
and the facilities at hand are ample to insure 
the prompt and thorough filling of orders. A 
very large and valuable stock is ready for in- 
spection, particularly in the line of tablets and 
headstones, and those contemplating the pur- 
chase of an article of this description will find 
Messrs. A. .). Verrill & Go's goods satisfactory, 
not only from an artistic but also from a pecu- 
niary point of view, as they are offered at sur- 
prisingly low rates and are fully guaranteed in 
every respect. 



F. B. Big-elow, Dentist, 3^ Phoenix Block, 
Main Street, Auburn. While it is undeniably a 
fact that operations on the teeth are apt to be 
isomewhat painful on account of the extreme 
sensitiveness of the nerves connected there- 
with, still it is also a fact that the great progress 
made in dental science, and in the perfection 
of dental instruments within the last score 
of years has rendered painless many operations 
which were formerly quite the reverse. Then 
again it may truly be said that the average of 
education and ability is much higher among 
the dental profession to-day than was ever the 
case before, and this of course, tends to 
make it easier for those whose teeth require 
attention. As skillful and conscientious a prac- 
titioner as is found in this vicinity is Dr. F. B 
Bigelow whose office is located at No. 3^ Phoenix 
Block, and we voice the opinion of tiiose most 
conversant with his abilities, when we say 
that it is impossible to find a dentist anywhere 
who is more anxious to fully satisfy his patrons, 
and who takes more pains to do L'ood reliable, 
-durable work. lie makes a specialty of manu- 
facturing artificial teeth. Dr. Bigelow is known 
to about everybody in Auburn and vicinity. 
He inaugurated the practice of his profession 
in Lewiston in 1870, where he served as State 
Liquor Agent in 1879. In 1876 he traveled ex- 
tensively through South America. Since 1883 
Dr. Bigelow has successfully conducted the 
dental profession at his present location in 
Auburn, 3^ Phoenix Block. Main Street. He 
has spared no expense in fitting up his operat- 
ing rooms with the most improved and effective 
appliances, and keeps himself fully informed 
as regards the progress of Dental science, thus 
as.suring his customers the most approved treat- 
ment. Dr. Bigelow is a native of Livermore 
and well known in this community. He has 
also been a member of the School Board of 
Lewiston. His rates for making artificial teeth 
are very reasonable, and all work is promptly 

Arthur W. Penley, Dealer in Beef, Veal, 
Mutton, Lamb, Pork, Sausages, Vegetables, 
«tc., No. 40 Main Street, Auburn. When 
Mr, A. W. Penley of Nos. 40 and 42 Main 
Street, began the sale of Groceries in 1>'^87, he 
had already been engaged in the handling of 
Meats for some 22 years having inaugurated 
that business in 18(35. The wisdom of his 
course in adding a grocery department soon 
became apparent for the public he had served 
so well in the matter of supplying Meats, etc., 
concluded that he would extend similar advan- 
tages in his new field of operations and they 
were not disappointed. Both Staple and Fancy 
Groceries are handled and the very lowest 
market rates possible on first-class goods are 
maintained. Mr. Penley was born in Auburn 
^formerly old Danville), and is a member of the 
Order of Red Men. He has many friends in 
Auburn and vicinity and his honorable busi- 
ness methods and strict adherance to all prom- 
ises made have gained him the respect of all 
having dealings with him. The store occupied 
measures 2.')x40 feet and employment is afford- 
ed to five assistants, every order being given 
careful and prompt attention. Mr. Penley does 

a large business in Meats, and is prepared to 
furnish anything in this line in any desired 
quantity, and at pos-itively the lowest attainable 
rates. Choice cuts are a specialty, and the 
most fastidious buyers are assured satisfaction. 

R. S. Bradbury, Livery. Boarding and 
Feed Stable, Court Street, near the Bridge, 
Auburn. The man who can ride behind a 
spirited and speedy horse — see him fly along 
at a word or a sign from his driver, or slacken 
up in obedience to a command without a feeling 

of exhilaration and light-heartedness has our 
profound sympathy, for the chances are that he 
is no longer able to extract enjoyment from 
anything. It is a pity that this form of relaxa- 
tion is not made more general use of by our 
business men, for if it were there would not be 
so many mournful tales of premature old age ex- 
tant—so many cases of brain disease and insan- 
ity brought about by over application and under 
recreation. Drugs are all very well in their 
place but at best they are but a makeshift and 
only do imperfectly what nature is willing and 
anxious to do perfectly if she is only allowed an 
opportunity. Fresh air, rapid motion, change 
of scene, cheerful conversation— all these are 
remedial agents more efficacious and infinitely 
more agreeable than any to be found in an 
apothecaries store, and they have one addi- 
tional and pronounced advantage — they leave 
no bad effects behind. Perhaps we may be 
considered unduly enthusiastic on this subject, 
but this enthu.siasm is the result of experience 
and observation, and is fully justified by the 
facts in the case. Of course to obtain the best 
results from driving, an easy carriage and a 
strong, kind and quick-moving animal are requi- 
site, and so after seeking to inspire our readers 
with a desire for amusement of this kind, we 
can do no less than to inform them where such 
may be obtained at low rates. Fortunately this 
is easy to do for Mr. Russell S. Bradbury of this 
city is excellently prepared to suit the most 
critical of drivers, having a fine stable under his 
control, and the experience of over twenty years 
to guide him in the management of it. Four 
floors are utilized measuring 50x100 feet, and 
there are seven assistants employed, thirty 
horses and ten carriages being cared for. Car- 
riages are furnished for any and all occaions, in- 
cluding weddings and funerals, two fine hearses 
being available, and many modern hacks and 
careful drivers. Orders are given prompt at- 
tention and no lower rates are quoted anywhere 
for similiar accommodations. Connection by 
telephone. Mr. Bradbury was born in Lewiston, 
and is a member of the Knights of Pythias and 
also of the Odd Fellows, being one of our best- 
known and most esteemed citizens. He has 
reason to be proud of his establishment which 
is really one of the finest in the entire State. 




J. C. Syuiines, Dealer in Meats. Fish, Gro- 
ceries and Provisions, Old Goff Market, No. 56 
Court Street, Auburn. The commercial advan- 
tages of Auburn have brought men of enter- 
prise and capital to establish themselves in our 
midst, and nearly every branch of industry is 
here carried on vigorously. The establishment 
popularly known as the Old Goff Market, and 
located at No. 56 Court Street, was founded in 
1869 by Messrs. Symmes & Atwood, on Main 
Street, vrho were succeeded by Mr. J. C. Symmes 
in 1877, moving here in 18S6. He has been en 
gaged in the Meat and Grocery business for 
twenty-two years, and has a thorough and prac- 
tical knoweledge of all its details, to which he 
devotes his close personal supervision, thus in- 
suring his customers every possible advantage 
to be obtained in the city. This market com- 
prises one floor 45x25 feet in dimensions, 
which is well stocked with a choice selection of 
Meats, Fish, Groceries and Provisions and a 
specialty is made of Fruit,. The extensive retail 
trade of this house requires the service of two 
experienced assistants, and all orders are 
promptly attended to and goods are delivered 
to any part of the city. Mr. Symmes is a native 
of Newfield, Maine, and a well known citizen of 
this community, and has been connected with 
the city government as both councilman and 
alderman. He is recognized not only as a lib- 
eral buyer, but as a man whose business man- 
agement is honorable, and with whom business 
relations prove not only prolitable but as pleas- 
ant and lasting. 

Geo. M. Roak, Florist, 124 and 152 High 
Street. This is neither the time nor the place 
to indulge in a eulogy of flowers and fiower- 
lovers, and indeed it is very unprofitable work 
at the best to endeavor to argue people into a 
fondness for and appreciation of these "smiles of 

nature" as somebody has called them, for if 
a person has not a love for flowers born in him, 
it is idle to seek to inculcate it by example or 
precept. In this article then we will treat the 
subject from its commei cial side alone and that 
this is of great importance no one need be told 
who is at all familiar with the demands of cus- 
tom and fashion as regards flowers and their 
uses. To begin with, it is impossible to con- 
ceive of articles better adapted to all occasions 
than are flowers for taste and custom sanction 
their use in time of joy and in time of sorrow, 
on the breast of the bride and on the bosom of 
the departed one. Flowers may be safely given 
when any other gift would be refused, and so 
wide is the range of their capabilities that either 
distant respect or fervent admiration may be ex- 
pressed by them more eloquently than by words. 
Science has made possible many strange things 
but in nothing has she ministered more to the 
gratification of the wishes of cultivated people 
than in producing the most delicate flowers even 
at the height of our most inclement weather. 
Summer and Winter are much alike to the 
modern gardener in this — given the demand and 
he can supply about any blossom at any season. 
In Auburn and vicinity the trade in flowers is 
practically controlled by Mr. Geo. M. Eoak, of 
Nos. 124 and 152 High Street, for this gentleman 
has such facilities and such skill as to render 
competition out of the question. He was born 
in this city and begun business here in 1876, soon 
building up a large trade which has since stead- 
ily increased. Two large greenhouses are main- 
tained, measuring 128x45 and 112x18 feet re- 
spectfully, and three skilled assistants are em- 
ployed, flowers suitable for all occasions being 
raised in immense quantities. A specialty is 
made of Roses and the number and magnifi- 
cence of the varieties shown of this royal flower 
are truly wonderful. Mr. Koak furnishes any- 
thing in his line at the lowest rates and is 
prompt in the delivery of all orders. 



Peables & Garcelon, Dealers in Choice 
Groceries and Provisions, Phoenix Block, 70 Main 
Street, Auburn. In compiling the various indus- 
tries of Auburn, the retail grocery aud provision 
trade assumes a decided importance. Among 
those who supply Fresh Groceries and Provisions 
is the house of Messrs. Peables & Garcelon 
Their store is located in Phoenix Block, TO Main 
Street, and is well stocked with Staple and 
Fancy Groceries, Provisions, etc. This business 
was originally founded by L. F. Chase in 1865, 
and in 1871 Mr. Peables was admitted to the 
firm, and the business was conducted under the 
name of Chase & Peables till 1873, when it be- 
came Peables & Penley. In 1882 the title was 
again changed and became as at present, 
Peables & Garcelon. The premises occupied 
consist of one floor and basement each covering 
an area of .55x22 feet, which are admirably ar- 
ranged for the extensive business transacted. 
Eeliable clerks are employed, who wait upon 
customers in a polite and attentive manner, and 
all goods are delivered promptly as desired. 
This is one of the most reliable establishments 
in its line in Auburn, and the stock carried com- 
prises everything usually to be found in a first- 
class Grocery and Provision establishment. 
Messrs. Peables & Garcelon are both natives of 
Auburn, Me. Mr. Peables is a member of the 
Odd Fellows, Free Masons and Knights of 
Pythias, and has been connected with the city 
government as councilman for three years. Both 
gentlemen are well and favorably known 
throughout this community, and number their 
friends by the score. Goods are sold in quanti- 
ties to suit purchasers, and the prices will be 
fouud as reasonable as any in town for the same 
quality of goods. 

F. Bartlett & Son, Dealers in Dry and 
Fancy Goods, Auburn. An establishment that 
is very widely known and most generously pat- 
ronized by the ladies of Auburn and vicinity is 
that now conducted by the firm of F. Bartlett & 
Son. This highly popular house which deals in 
Dry and Fancy Goods was inaugurated in 1881 
by Messrs. Bartlett & Jordan, and prosperously 
conducted under that title until 1884, when the 
firm's name was changed to its present style 
of F. Bartlett & Son. An extensive retail busi- 
ness is transacted, and a fine store is occupied 
covering an area of 70x25 feet with a large 
basement used for storage purposes. The ele- 
gant stock carried by Messrs. Bartlett & Son 
comprises a fine assortment of Dry and Fancy 
Goods of all kinds, including many fashionable 
novelties. Mr. Frank Bartlett the senior part- 
ner of this house has been engaged in this line 
of trade for the past twenty-five years, aud is 
thoroughly conversant with all the details of the 
business. He is a native of Abbott. Maine, and 
his son Mr. Frank L. Bartlett, of Auburn, Maine. 
They are both well known and highly respected 
in social as well as business circles. Mr. Frank 
Bartlett is a member of the Odd Fellows, and a 
trustee of the Auburn Savings Bank, and has 
held the office of Councilman and Alderman. 
Mr. Frank L. Bartlett is a member of the Red 

Hill Brothers, Wholesale Fancy Goods, 
Hosiery and Small Wares, 57 Court Street, 
Auburn. Among the many wholesale houses 
located in this city there is not one which is 
more deservedly popular, orVhich gives promise 
of a more succesful future than that of which 
Messrs. Hill Brothers are the proprietors and 
which is engaged in the handling of Fancy 
Goods, Hosiery and Small Wares. Business 
was begun by present firm in 1882, but both 
partners were in same business in Lewiston and 
Auburn since 1868, but in present location since 
1882, and as very superior inducements were 
offered to customers from the first, it followed 
as a matter of course that a large patronage 
was at once attained which has since been rap- 
idly and steadily added to. The firm consists 
of Messrs. C. W. and B. J. Hill, both of whom 
are natives of Stetson, Maine, and very well- 
known citizens, Mr. B. J. Hill having been a 
Representative to the Legislature and now be- 
ing a State Senator. The premises occupied 
are of the dimensions of 125x.35 feet and are ex- 
tremely well-stocked with Fancy Goods of 
various kinds. Hosiery, Notions. Laces, Gents' 
Furnishings, etc., employment being afforded 
to six assistants. It has been the experience of 
this house, at least, to be remarkably successful 
in "holding" their customers and we think that 
a careful comparison of the prices here charged 
with those of other establishments, not exclu- 
ding some making far greater pretensions, will 
go far to explain this large trade. 

Isaiah Mitchell, 211 TurnerStreet, A.uburn. 
Dealer in Groceries and Provisions. It is a de- 
cided advantage to housekeepers to be able to 
put perfect confidence in the establishment 
from which they obtain their Groceries and 
Provisions, for they are often obliged to send 
their orders by those who are too young to be 
able to discriminate between that which is good 
and that which is not. Of course unsatisfac- 
tory goods can be returned even after a trial of 
them if their quality was misrepresented, but 
this proceeding at the best takes time and 
trouble and is one that no one likes to have re- 
course to, unless it is absolutely necessary. So 
it is that those dealers who have gained a repu- 
tation for reliability and honorable business 
methods enjoy the largest and most permanent 
trade, and one to be classed with these in 
Auburn, is Mr. Isaiah Mitchell whose establish- 
ment is now situated at 211 Turner Street. This 
enterprise was founded in 1879 by Messrs. 
Manly & Noyse, and since 1884 Mr. Mitchell has 
had sole control and management of the entire 
business, which has met %Yith success from that 
date as it was bound to do under his skillful 
management. The premises occupied comprise 
a store 50x25 feet in dimensions, and are well 
stocked with a fine and fresh assortment of 
Groceries, Meats and Country Produce. Two 
experienced assistants are employed and all 
customers are insured prompt and courteous at- 
tention, and all goods dealt in are offered at the 
lowest market rates for first-class quality. Mr. 
Mitchell was formerly located on Spring Street, 
where he was burned out, losing every dollar, 
in 1877. Mr. Mitchell is a native of Durhana, 
Maine. He is well and favorably known in this 
vicinity. He is a member of the Ancient Order 
of United Workmen and Sons of Temperance, 
and has held the office of Sheriff of Strong, Me. 



J. Koak Pulsifer, Manufacturer of Leather 
Board Counters, Auburn. Push, eneriry, vim and 
determination are sure to win success where suc- 
cess is possible, and a shining example of the 
truth of this statement is to be seen in the rapid 
and steady extension of the business carried on 
by Mr. J. Roak Pulsifer, at No. 28 Miller Street. 
Mr. Pulsifer is a native of this city, and became 
sole proprietor of his present uiidertaking in 
1886, the enterprise having been inaugurated by 
Messrs. Pulsifer* Fuller in 1877. and this firm 
was succeeded by Messrs. H. B. Pulsifer & Son, 
who in turn were succeeded by Mr. J, Roak 
J ulsifer. The premises utilized comprise three 
floors of the dimensions of 40x60 feet, and are 
equipped with a ten-house engine to drive the 
necessary machinery for the manufacture of 
Leather Board Counters, Pasted Heeling's, etc. 
Lrnployment is afforded to sixteen assistants, 
and a large wholesale trade is carried on par- 
Ucularly m Massachusetts. The productions of 
Mr. Pulsifer's establishment are rapidly becom- 
ing known to the trade as being of remarkably 
even quality of great and durability, and as a con- 
sequence the demand for them is steadily and 
rapidly increasing. It is unfortunate that many 
concerns handling Leather Board pay more at- 
tention to cheapness than to quality for this 
material is susceptible of a wide range of uses 
It properly made, and the prejudice felt against 
It in some quarters is not due to any inherent de- 
tects in it but rather to the fact that only imper- 
tect s^peciinens have thus far been used therein. 
Mr. Pulsifer gives prompt and accurate attten- 
tion to orders and guarantees his goods to prove 
just as represented. 

Wood & Walker, Manufacturers of Har- 
nesses, Dealers in Robes, Whips and Horse 
Clothing, Trunks, Bags and Umbrellas, Main 
Street, Auburn. The old rliyme which tells how 
— "for want of a nail the shoe was lost, for want 
of a shoe the horse was lost, for want of a horse 
the rider was lost, and all for want of a horse- 
shoe nail," conveys a moral regarding the im- 
portance of small things which is as worthy of 
attention as much now as ever, and which 
every runaway accident we hear of. resulting 
from some portion of harness giving way, or 
some other small breakage, give a new example 
of. Too much care cannot be put into either 
the manufacture or selection of a harness, for 
all considerations of safety and prudence de- 
mand that it be made of the best materials, by 
experienced hands. It is chiefly on account of 
their productions being fully up to the highest 
■tandard, that Messrs. Wood & Walker have 
built up so large a patronage during the past 
twelve years, that they have carried on this in- 
dustry, for it is well known to their customers 
that they faithfully endeavor to combine 
strength with neatness, and durability with 
reasonable prices. This establishment was 
founded in 1867 by Messrs. Covill »& Wood, and 
has been under the management of the present 
proprietors since 1876. The premises now oc- 
cupied by them are located at N"o. 90 Main 
Street, and cover an area of .50x25 feet, where 
they manufacture all kinds of Harnesses, and 
deal in Robes, Whips and Horse Clothing. 
Trunks, Bags, Umbrellas, etc., and a fine retail 
trade, and custom and jobbing work, is trans- 

acted. Two experienced and careful assistants 
are employed, and the house has attained a 
high reputation for honorable and reliable treat- 
ment and fair prices. The individual members 
of this firm are J. C. Wood and W. S. Walker, 
both Maine men by birth and members of the 
Odd Fellows, and thoroughly experienced and 
practical business men, and highly esteemed 
citizens of Auburn. 

S. L. Emerson, Livery, Sale & Baiting 
Stable, Opposite Roak Block, Main Street, 
Auburn. Extravagance is to be avoided of 
course, but if men confined to sedentary em- 
ployments would as a general thing spend a 
larger proportion of their income on horse-hire 

there is but little doubt that this procedure, 
although it might seem extravagant at the time, 
would eventually prove to be in the line of the 
strictest economy. How so? you ask. Well, 
let us answer that question in genuine Yankee 
fashion by asking others. Who among the 
workers in a community are most firmly in the 
grip of the demnn of dyspepsia? Who are fre- 
quently obliged to force themselves to go 
through with their day's labor when every effort 
brings pain and can only be made at a destruc- 
tive expenditure of vital energy? Who are most 
apt to suffer weeks of confinement in a sick bed 
put to great expense for doctor's bills and 
medicines and taught to consider themselves 
lucky if their positions are not taken from them 
during their illness? There can be but one 
reply — those engaged in sedentary employments, 
clergymen, lawyers, book-keepers, salesmen, 
clerks — all in fact whose work does not take 
them into the open air or expose theiii to the 
revivifying influence of the sunlight are living 
an unnatural life, are peculiarly subject to 
disease and unless they take advantage of such 
means of healthful and exhilerating recreation 
as is afforded by the livery stables they need 
not be surprised at the almost inevitable result, 
impairment of health. There are some good 
stahles in this city, but there are none either in 
Auburn or its vicinity, that offer better accom- 
dations than those of which Mr. S. L. Emerson is 
the proprietor located on Main Street, opposite 
Roak Block. Mr. Emerson is a native of Aji- 
burn and has been a member of the City Coun- 
cil. He founded his present business in 1883 
and it has since been conducted in such a man- 
ner as to make the large business now done 
only the legitimate outcome of such honorable 
and liberal methods. Two floors are utilized 
measuring 125x65 feet and 35 carriages and 30 
horses are at hand. First-class teams are fur- 
nished at reasonable rates for all occasions and 
liberal arrangements may be made for the 
regular hire of turnouts.. 



Auburn Marble and Monumental 
Works, End of Court Street Bridge, Auburn. 
Every intelligent person in the community has 
a tolerably correct idea of the value of articles 
in general use such as clothing, provisions, etc. 
but there is some in- 
formation which is 
not common property 
such as that pertain- 
ing to the cost of 
Marble or Cemetery 
Work. From the very 
nature of things it is 
evident that the great 
majority of people 
can have but a hazy 
and imperfect idea of 
what should right- 
fully be charged for 
stone work, more es- 
pecially for that de- 
signed as a memorial 
of the dead and it 
therefore becomes of 
importance when 
placing an order for 
anything in that line 
to patronize only such 
a reputable house as 
one can feel positively 
assured will not take 
advantage of the pre- 
vailing ignorance to 
fix exhorbitant rates 
on its productions. 
The residents of Au- 
burn are fortunate in 
having an establish- 
ment located in their city, which is noted for 
turning out Marble and Granite Monument 
work unexcelled either for beauty of design or 
pei'fection of finish, and are especially to be 
congratulated on the fair and reasonable rates 
at which they may have their orders filled by 
the popular concern in question. We refer to 
that of which Mr. Geo. B. Smith is the proprie- 
tor, located at the end of Lewiston bridge and 
all that we have said in favor of this enterprise 
will be subscribed to heartily by those who have 
been familiar with it at any time since it was 
inaugurated in 1850 by Mr. H. K. Smith. The 
present owner has been in possession since 
1884 and when we say that he has fully sus- 
tained the established reputation of the house 
for fair dealing and low prices we feel that 
further praise is quite uncalled for. He is a 
native of this city and is connected with the 
Knights of Pythias. The premises occupied 
measure 40x25 feet and employment is given 
to eight skilled workmen, all orders being filled 
at short notice. Some beautiful specimens of 
fini.shed work are on exhibition and all inter- 
ested should make it a point to give Mr. Smith 
a call. To parties desiring to have a Monu- 
ment. Tablet, Headstone or Curbing placed in 
the spring or summer he offers extra induce- 
ments to order now. He manufactures them 
this winter, and places them in the cemeteries 
in the spring or summer at prices much lower 
than they can be made after the opening of the 
spring trade. Me has the largest variety of 
designs to select from in the State. These 
works have been established nearly 40 years, 

and Mr. Smith is determined to keep up the 
reputation which they have gained for first- 
class work, low prices, and fair dealing with 
his patrons. 

I. N. Haskell & Co., Dealers in Groceries, 
Meats and Provisions, Auburn. A finely ap- 
pointed store devoted to the sale of Groceries 
and Provisions in this section of Auburn, is 
that of Messrs. I. N. Haskell A Co., whose com- 
modious store is fitted up with every facility 
for the proper conduct of the extensive retail 
trade transacted. This house was established 
in 1879, by the present proprietors, and the 
premises occupied comprise one floor of the di- 
mensions of 50x65 feet, which are finely fitted 
up and stocked with everything in the line of 
Groceries, embracing the finest quality of Teas, 
Coffees and Flour, besides a full line of choice 
and fresh Meats and Provisions of all kinds. 
Three polite and attentive assistants are em- 
ployed, and orders receive prompt attention, 
goods being delivered to all parts of the city 
free of charge. In addition to the above-men- 
tioned business Mr. Haskell is himself exten- 
sively engaged in the Poultry business raising 
fancy birds. He has about 500 fowl in his yard. 
All goods dealt in by this house are above com- 
ment, and all purchasers are well aware of 
their extra quality. The individual members of 
the grocery firm are Mr. I. N. Haskell, a native 
of Auburn, Maine, and Mr. A. W. Miller, of 
Oldtown, Maine. Mr. Haskell is a member of 
the Odd Fellows, and Mr. Miller has been 
councilman of Auburn and selectman of Old- 
town. Both these gentlemen are thoroughly ex- 
perienced in their business, and highly esteemed 
in this community. 

Geo. B. Brooks, Dealer in Hardware, Iron 
and Steel, 10 Court Street, Auburn. A name 
which has long been idenitfied with the best in- 
terests and most progressive commercial spirit 
of this vicinity is that of Mr. Geo. B. Brooks, 
the prominent dealer in Hardware, Iron and 
Steel, etc. The business was started in 1860, 
under the firm name of Barker Brooks, and 
since the death of Mr. Brooks senior in 1879, it 
has been under the sole control and manage- 
ment of his son, Mr. Geo. B. Brooks. A fine 
and extensive retail trade has now been built 
up in this city and vicinity, and the stock and 
dealings of this house are noted for their thor- 
ough reliability and liberal management. A 
fine store, with basement, each 50x25 feet in 
dimensions with plate glass front, located at 10 
Court Street, is now occupied, and completely 
stocked with a fine assorment of Hardware 
goods. Iron and Steel, Farming Implements, 
Window Glass, and Cutlery, etc.. which have a 
great patronage for their guaranteed reliability 
and the advantageous rates at which they are 
sold. A competent force of reliable assistants 
are employed t* meet the growing demands of 
the trade. Mr. Brooks is a native of Auburn, 
and is among our most respected and success- 
ful merchants. He is a men)i)er of the Ked Men, 
and exercises an unobtrusive yet powerful in- 
fiuence in the social affairs and life of Auburn. 



Smith, Pray & Co., Manufacturers of 
Ladies', Misses' and Children's Fine Boots and 
Shoes, Nos. 166 to 172 Main Street, Auburn. 
It is unfortunate that so large a proportion of 
the public pay so small attention to what firm 
manufactures their boots or shoes, for the reason 
that on this account it is generally impossible 
to feel sure that the last pair bought are of the 
same make as those that gave such satisfaction 
before. For instance there is the firm of Smith, 
Pray & Co., that makes a specialty of the manu- 
facture of Ladies, Misses' and Children's Fine 
Boots and Shoes. This concern bends all its 
energies to the task of producing superior 
articles of the kinds mentioned. It has every 
facility to turn out such goods at the smallest 
possible expense without sacrifice of quality; 
USPS the best obtainable stock, the most effec- 
tive machinery, employs men of experience and 
skill in every department and as a consequence 
produces Boots and Shoes that are unexcelled 
and in certain respects very hard to equal. 
Now if those who have worn these goods and 
appreciated them had made themselves familiar 
with the name of the firm manufacturing them 
can any one doubt that the business of Messrs. 
Smith, Pray & Co., large as it is, would be 
greatly increased? And can anyone doubt that 
the general result would be to improve the 
quality of boots and shoes of all kinds as their 
manufacturers saw that the public was noticing 
what they were doing? It is beyond question. 
The business carried on by Messrs. Smith, Pray 
& Co., was founded about a score of years ago 
by Foss & Smith, the present partnership having 
been formed in 187.5. Mr. Smith is a native of 
Topsham and Mr. Pray of this city, the former 
being a member of the Odd Fellows and the 
latter of the Masons. Four floors are utilized, 
measuring 60x30 feet and 100 assistants are em- 
ployed, the factory being located at Nos. 166 to 
172 Main Street. A New York office is main- 
tained at No. 104 Duane Street, and a very large 
business is done. 

Atwoocl & Liowel!, Dealers in Groceries, 
Meats and Provisions, Fresh Fish, Oysters and 
Clams, 220 Court Street. As desirable a place 
as we are acquainted with in Auburn at which 
to purchase fresh Groceries, Meats and 
Provisions in general, is that now conducted by 
Messrs. Atwood & Lowell, at No. 220 Court 
Street. Operations having been begun by J. Q. 
A. Atwood in 1873. and conducted under that 
name, until 1877, when the firm name became 
Atwood & Lowell. The premises occupied by 
them cover an area of 60x25 feet and the stock 
carried is one that must be seen to be appre- 
ciated, as in no other way can its many good 
points be properly understood. The line of 
Groceries dealt in is a very complete one, 
while Meats and Provisions of all kinds are 
constantly on hand. Particular attention is 
also paid to the handling of Fresh Fish, Oysters, 
and Clams, of which a fine assortment is always 
at hand to from, and offered at the low- 
est market rates. Employment is given to two 
well-informed and obliging assistants, who give 
prompt and polite attention to customers and 
see that every order is carefully filled and accu- 
rately delivered. A large business is done and 
the trade is steadily increasing. The individual 

members of this thriving firm are Messrs. C. S. 
Atwood and W. G. Lowell, both natives of 
Minot, Me., and well known in the social as well 
as business circles of Auburn. Both being mem- 
bers of the Odd Fellows and Red Men and Mr. 
Lowell is also connected with the Free Masons, 
and a member of the Knights of Pythias. 

Wood, KobiDSOii & Co., Paper Jobbers 
and Manufacturers' Agents, 101 Main Street, 
Auburn. Boston office, 13 West Street. Of all 
the materials manufactured at the present day 
there is probably not one capable of being put 
to more widely diverse uses than paper. And 
not only is it capable of a wide range of service, 
but it is actually employed in such, as may be 
seen from the fact that the wheels under a 
Pullman car and the sheet on which the lady of 
fashion inscribes her dainty characters are made 
of one and the same material — paper. It goes 
without saying that a product such as this 
must be sold in enormous quantities, and that 
its luiudling must have enlisted the services of 
many al)le men of business, for while there is 
no ciininunity so rude and uncultivated but 
what paper is of value to it, there is none so 
highly-civilized and advanced as to be able to 
dispense with it. One of the best-known houses 
in Maine engaged in the Paper Trade is that of 
Messrs. Wood, Robinson A Co., whose place of 
business is at No. 101 Main Street, and the 
celebrity these gentlemen have gained is prin- 
cipally due to the fact that, acting as Manufac- 
turer's Agents, they have been able to offer 
exceptional inducements, more particularly to 
large consumers of paper. The enterprise they 
conduct was inaugurated in 1882 by Messrs. C. 
A. Robinson & Co., and a year later the present 
style was adopted, the partners being Mr. B.F. 
Wood, a native of Lewiston, and Mr. C. A. Rob- 
inson, who was born in Brasher Falls, N. Y. 
The former gentleman is connected with both 
the Odd Fellows and the Free Masons, and en- 
joys an extensive acquaintance among those 
interested in the production of paper, as does 
also Mr. Robinson, his associate in business. 
This firm have found it necessary to move 
twice to enlargetl quarters. Three floors are 
now occupied, measuring 28x65 feet, and more 
room is now being provided. A specialty is 
made of the handling of Printing and Wrap- 
ping Paper, five assistants being employed, and 
a very large and rapidly increasing business is 
done as Jobbers and Manufacturer's Agents for 
the Sale of All Kinds of Paper. 

Chase & Bean, Wholesale and Retail 
Dealers in Meats, Fish, Produce, Fruits, Canned 
Goods, etc. Oysters a specialty in their season, 
No. 108 Main Street, Auburn. An establishment 
that is capable of supplying a large share of 
household wants, is that of which Chase & 
Bean are the proprietors, and which is cen- 
trally located at 108 Main Street, Auburn. This 
establishment was founded twenty years ago 
and has been under the management of its 
present proprietor since 1888. Mr. Chase con- 
ducted the business alone fiom 1884 to 1888. 
They have established a reputation not only for 
the variety but also for the excellence of the 
goods handled that has resulted in the build- 



ing up of a very large and growing trade. Mr. 
Chase is a native of Portland and a member of 
the Odd Fellovps, and Mr. Bean a native of 
Auburn, both having many friends in this vi- 
cinity. The premises comprise one floor and 
basement each of the dimensions of 60x80 feet. 
They transact a large retail trade in choice 
family Groceries, Meats. Fish and Provisions, 
also handle a large quantity of Flour from the 
leading mills of the country, and a choice line 
of Foreign and Domestic Canned Goods; Fish of 
all kinds, and Oysters in their season are made 
a specialty. Employment is given to only cour- 
teous and efficient assistants, thus assuring 
prompt and polite attention to every customer. 
Some very superior inducements are offered in 
the particular line of goods dealt in. Perfect 
confidence may be placed in all representations 
made, as every article sold is fully wai'rauted to 
be as described. 

Tbe NatioDal Shoe & Leather Bank, 

Ara Cushman, President, M. C. Percival, Cash- 
ier. Capital, .$400,OUO. Mechanics Savings Bank 
Block. To so carry on a banking institution 
as to fully protect the interests of its stock- 
holders, and at the same time exercise a wise 
liberality in the encouragement of deserving 
home enterprise, is a task for which very few 
men are really fitted, and, indeed, the more 
thought one gives to the subject, the more 
plainly it is seen that it is practically impos- 
.^ible to so manage an undertaking of this kind 
as to suit everybody, and the only wonder is 
that some banks come so near to the attain- 
ment of this impossibility. Take the National 
Shoe and Leather Bank of this city as an exam- 
ple. Here we have an institution that was 
founded in 187-5, more particularly in the inter- 
ests of the shoe and leather trades of this vicin- 1 
ity, as its name indicates. Mr. Ara Cushman, 
it's President, is universally known as one of j 
the leading shoe manufacturers of the United 
States, and it is an open secret that much of 
the success which has generally attended the 
shoe trade of this section during the past 
dozen years or so has been brought about and 
I'endered possible by the workings of the bank- 
ing enterprise of which Mr. Cushman is the 
head. Yet for all this its benefits have been 
by no means confined to the shoe industry, and 
there is more than one business man in Auburn 
who can testify from his own experience to the 
truth of this assertion. Having a capital of 
$400,000 and a surplus of $40,000 the bank is in 
a position to afford great assistance in such 
cases as it may seem advisable so to do, and its 
management have never yet been found back- 
ward in extending aid to a legitimate object 
when such help was consistent with the main- 
tenance of the prosperity of the institution 
under their charge. Indeed, an examination 
of the names of those acting as Directors — Ara 
Cushman, John F. Cobb, F. M. Jordan, R. C. 
Jewett, B. F. Briggs, Geo. C. Wing and M. C. 
Percival — is enough to inspire the fullest con- 
fidence in the bank and its methods, for these 
gentlemen are known to all in this vicinity, and 
we but do them simple justice in saying that 
they are as highly esteemed as they are well 

F. H. Storah & Co., House and Fresco 
Painters. Paper Hangers, Graiuers and Glaziers, 
dealers in Paints, Oils, Varnishes, Colors and 
Mixed Paints of all Kinds. Shop rear of Au- 
burn Block, Auburn. One of the first proverbs 
to which the attention of childien is called is 
" Practice makes perfect," and certainly it would 
be difficult to find one more thoroughly true in 
every respect. "Habit is second nature" is 
another saying in the same line, and daily expe- 
rience demonstrates that in practical life noth- 
ing can take the place of prolonged practice. 
Therefore, when it is desired to have a thing 
done as it should be, it is an excellent idea to 
place the order with one who has had sufiicient 
practical experience to be a master of the sub- 
ject in all its branches. It is for this reason, 
among others, that the work turned out by F. 
H. Storah & Co. is so uniformly good, for these 
gentlemen have been engaged in business as 
Painters, Glaziers and Paper Hangers for many 
I years. They have added to their stock a full 
line of Wall Papers, Ceiling Decorations and 
Picture Mouldings. Their goods are all new, 
and will be sold at lowest prices. They also 
employ a large crew of first-class Painters and 
Paper Hangers which will enable them to do 
any work in their line with neatness and dis- 
patch. Tiieir Paper Room will be open day and 
evening through the busy season. All orders 
by postal will receive prompt attention. They 
have been entrusted with the filling of many 
important commissions in their line of business, 
and their work is sure to be durable as well as 
ornamental, and the best of materials are used 
in the filling of orders. Messrs. Storah Sc Co. 
are prepared to undertake all branches of their 
business at short notice. Messrs. F. H. Storah 
I and VV. W. Pettingill are the members of this 
I firm. Their charges are always reasonable, and 
estimates will be cheerfully furnished. 

W. S. Morse, Plain and Fancy Job Print- 
ing, Main Street, Auburn. The fine Job Printing 
establishment of Mr. W. S. Morse has for many 
years been one of the most complete concerns of 
its kind in Auburn. The enterprise was inau- 
gurated by the present proprietor about four- 
teen years ago. and from its inception it has 
been conducted with rare tact and energy and 
consequent success. The commodious office 
utilized by Mr. Morse is located at No. 88-92 
Main Street, and is admirably equipped with 
first-class steam presses, type, lighted by electric 
lights from a plant located in the office, and has 
all the necessary appliances for the prosecution 
of fine, plain, and fancy job printing, experi- 
enced hands are employed in this establishment 
as compositors and pressmen, and every facility 
for executing orders for all kinds of job work 
at short notice and in the best style of the ty- 
pographic art is possessed by the proprietor. 
Mr. Morse is an expert, practical printer. His 
aim has ever been to meet every want of his 
patrons, and to keep even pace with the im- 
provements made from time to time in his art,and 
in these particulars he has been eminently suc- 
cessful. Mr. Morse is recognized as among the 
successful leaders in this line of' industry in 



Albert M. Penley, Dealer in Staple and 
Fancy Groceries, 98 Main Street. The almost 
innumerable goods included in the term. 
Staple and Fancy Groceries are such as are to a 
great degree indispensable, and when the many 
millions of people in this country alone, whicii 
must be supplied with them, are brought to mind, 
it will be readily seen that an enormous business 
in these commodities must exist. Of the eastern 
houses engaged in the retail department of this 
trade, none bear a higher and more deserved 
reputation than does that of Mr. Albert M. Penley 
doing business at No. 98 Maia Street. Auburn, 
for its operations extend throughout this vicin- 
ity, and it has been characterized from the 
first by the signal ability of its management and 
the perfect dependence which could be placed 
on its representations. This business was 
founded in 1883 by Mr. Albert M. Penley. He 
now occupies the spacious store located at the 
above-named address, which is completely 
stocked with a choice assortment of everything 
usually included in the line of fine Staple and 
Fancy Groceries. A full line of Meats, Vege- 
tables, and Fresh Fish is also carried. The ex- 
tensive retail trade transacted requires the ser- 
vices ©f three capable and efficient assistants, 
and every detail of the business is most ably 
handled. Mr. Penley is a native of Auburn, 
and despite the many cares and duties incident 
to an active business life, he has managed to 
discharge the duties of a member of the Com- 
mon Council, in a manner highly creditable to 
himself and his constituents, and also to gain 
additional honors as a member of the Board of 
Aldermen, and at present he holds the honorable 
position.of Mayor of Auburn. 

Wise & Cooper, Ladies' and Misses' Per- 
fect fitting Boots, Koak Block, Main Street, 
Auburn. It is well known that in no other sec- 
tion of the country is the manufacture of Boots 
and Shoes pushed to such a degree of perfection 
as in New England, and hence it follows that 
to excel amongst New England manufacturers 
is as high as it Is well-earned and honorable. 
Messrs. Wise <fe Cooper inaugurated the manu- 
ufacturing enterprise they now conduct in this 
city in 1863. and at the present time their pro- 
ductions take the very highest rank in the mar- 
ket against all competitors. They advertise to 
make perfect fitting Boots for Ladies and Misses, 
and that they carry out this announcement to 

Geo. A. Allen, Dealer in New and Second' 
Furniture, Carpets. Stoves, Glass and Crockery 
Ware, Chamber Sets and all kinds of Household 
Goods, No. 5 Roak Block, Auburn. One of the- 
most necessary lines of trade engaged in, and 
one whose goods are in constant demand i* 
that of the dealer in House Furnishing Goods, 
etc. One of the most complete establishments 
of this kind in Auburn, is that conducted by 
Mr. (tco. a. Allen, who engaged in this business^ 
in 1882, and from the inception has manifested 
marked business ability, and has been success- 
ful in building up a prosperous business, which 
necessitates the occupancy of a store covering 
an area of ti0x30 feet in addition to a storehouse 
2.5x30 feet in dimensions. The store is located 
at No. .5 Roak Block, Main Street, where a large 
stock of New and Second-hand Furniture may 
be found, also Carpets, Stoves, Glass and Crock- 
ery Ware, Chamber Sets, and all kinds of House- 
hold Goods, also Musical Goods, etc. In addi- 
tion to this retail business, Mr. Allen acts as 
Appraiser and Auctioneer. The extent of this 
business requires the services of courteous and 
competent clerks, and patrons are assured of 
receiving prompt and gentlemanly attention 
while dealing ac this house. One advantage 
offered by Mr. Allen is that of enabling patrons to 
secure first-class furniture at about one-half of 
its value, simply on account of its having been 
used for a short time. Also those contemplat- 
ing breaking up house-keeping can dispose of 
their Furniture by calling on Mr. Allen who 
will be found liberal and just in his dealings. 
Mr. Geo. A. Allen is a native of Auburn and a 
member of the Free Masons. He is a thorough- 
ly competent and practical man of business to- 
which he devotes his personal attention. 

Burt L. Alden & Co., Druggists and 
Apothecaries, Dealers in Drugs, Medicines, Sta- 
tionery, (-igars, etc., Gents' Furnishing Goods, 
No. 10 Third Street, Barker Mill District, 
Auburn. One of the finest appearing Drug^ 
Stores in Auburn, is that conducted by Mr. 
Burt L. Alden, at No. 10 Third Street, Barker 
Mill District. This is not a case where appear- 
ances are deceitful either, for this establish- 
ment bears an enviable and well-earned reputa- 
tion for the purity and freshness of its goods, 
and the prompt and courteous attentions paid 
to customers, so that even the most obstinate 
stickler to the old adage "handsome is that 
the letter is proved by the fact of their goods handsome does" cannot withhold his approval, 
being favorites with such ladies as have been The inception of this enterprise was in 1876, 
aflfoidedan opportunity to test their many good under its present title, and Mr. Alden has since 
qualities. Any dealer who desires to increase carried on the business in a most successful 
his trade in the special direction mentioned manner being an educated and experienced 
would do well to secure a supply of Messrs. druggist and apothecary, having cultivated a 
Wise & Cooper's Goods for they are invariably j great amount of natural aptitude and ability by 
satisfactory and both as regards durability and the most careful study and experiment. The 
style will meet every requirement, while they ! store is .50x2.5 feet in dimensions, employment 
are supplied at such rates as will permit of an I being given to only reliable and courteous clerks, 
adequate profit on their handling. Mr. John B. The stock on hand is made up of a fine assort- 
Wise is a native of Haverhill, Mass., and is con- ment of Drugs, Medicines, Chemicals, Fancy 
nected with the Free Masons, being one of the Goods and Toilet Articles, as well as a large 
best-known men in the State engaged in the and unusually complete selection of Stationery, 
handling of shoes, while his partner Mr. A. H. ' Cigars, etc., also Gents' Furnishing Goods. 
Cooper was born in Richmond, Me., and is also Mr. Alden also manufactures a fine brand of 
a prominent figure in the shoe trade. Two { Cigars. He is a native of Auburn, and well 
floors are occupied, measuring 45x30 feet, fully i known in her social circles being a prominent 
supplied with steam power etc., and employ- member of the Free Masons, Knights of Pythias 
ment is given to thirty skilled assistants. , and Red Men. 



S. A. Pollister, Fruit, Confectionery and 
Cigars, Stationery, Periodicals, etc. Daily and 
Weekly I'apers a specialty, Court Street, Auburn. 
An enterprise of special interest to the people 
of Auburn, and one that will be of value to 
learn something about in this volume, is the 
Periodical and Stationery business of this city, 
and among the many houses engaged in this 
line is that of Mr. S. A. Pollister who has had 
sole control and management of this establish- 
ment since 1S!S5. His store is located at 88 
Court Street, where he trjinsacts a large retail 
tra<lein Stationery and Periodicals, Fruits, Con- 
fectionery, Cigars, etc. The business of this 
house is steadily increasing, and its resources 
are ample to meet all demands made upon it, 
and its policy entitles it to the consideration of 
this community who will find assured advan- 
tages in dealing here. Mr. Pollister makes a 
specialty of all the Daily and Weekly Papers. 
His store is under able and efficient man- 
agenunt. a full and complete stock of books 
and small fancy goods is carried, also a circula- 
ting library of four hundred volumes. Mr. Pol- 
lister is a native of Portland, Maine, a gentle- 
man thoroughly conversant with the minutest 
detail concerning his business to which he 
gives his close personal attention, and our citi- 
zens are assured that they can obtain here the 
latest and most popular periodicals of the day, 
and we can commend them to no better house 
in Auburn, dealing in these lines of merchan- 
dise. Mr. Pollister has recently erected and 
now occupies a commodious three-story brick 
block the dimensions of store being 20x60 feet. 

W. Pulsifer, Wholesale and Retail Dealer 
in Flour and Groceries, and Canned Fruits of all 
kinds. Main Street, opposite New Bridge, near 
Barker Mills, Auburn. One of the best known 
and largely patronized Grocery stores in this 
section is that carried on by Mr. W. Pulsifer, 
located on Main Street, opposite New Bridge, 
near Barker Mills, and it thus merits mention 
in a work ti eating of and seeking to encourage 
commercial enterprise and activity. This en- 
terprise was founded in 1877 under the title of 
Pulsifer & Co., as a wholesale and retail store, 
and a year later the wholesale business was dis- 
continued, the above firm continuing until 1883, 
when Mr. W. Pulsiver assumed full control of 
the business which he has continued up to the 
present time. Mr. Pulsifer was born in Poland, 
Maine, and few of our citizens are better known, 
and at the same time more generally esteemed, 
and his public spirit is generally acknowledged 
and appreciated. So far as circumstances have 
permitted he has striven to make his establish- 
ment a model of what such an undertaking should 
be, and though he has not made it perfect (and 
no one knows that such is the case better than 
he) he has no reason to be ashamed of the re- 
sults of his labor. The premises occupied 
measure 50x30 feet, and a choice stock is car- 
ried and satisfaction is guaranteed (in every 
reasonable instance) to his patrons. The stock 
includes everything in the Grocery line besides 
Flour of the best brands, and Canned Fruits of 
ail kinds, and the prices are guaranteed to be in 
accordance with the lowest in the market. 

Revere House, corner Court and Main 
Streets, Auburn. A first-class hotel. Central 
location, steam heat, electric bells, electric 
light, hot and cold baths, and all modern im- 
provements. Table and all appointments first- 
clsss. Hot and cold water on every floor. Terras, 
$1.00 to $2.00 per day. Mrs. S. P. Kyerson, propri- 
etress. It is a good thing for any community 
to have a hotel carried on within its borders 
which can be confidently recommended as one 
where every reasonable provision is made for 
the comfort and well-being of guests, for the 
advent of strangers always has a tendency to 
stimulate trade, and there is no surer way to 
attract the best class of purchasers to a town 
than to provide for their hospitable entertain- 
ment when they get there. The Revere House, 
of which Mrs. S. P Kyerson is the proprietress, 
has been carried on for several years, and its 
infiuence upon the development of Auburn's bus- 
iness interests has been by no means unmarked. 
Although this house does not pretend to vie 
with the first-class establishments in the large 
cities, as regards elegance of appointments, etc., 
it does endeavor to make its patrons feel at 
home, to give them all they want to eat, of 
excellent quality, and to provide them with 
comfortable rooms, and clean, easy beds ; and 
that this endeavor meets with success is in our 
opinion beyond a doubt, being evidenced by 
the popularity of the Revere House with the 
traveling public. This popular house is located 
at No. 21 Court Street, and has gained a more 
than local reputation, and gives every sign of 
largely adding to it in the future, when its pro- 
prietress gains more experience and enlarges 
her facilities for carrying this pursuit. The 
table is supplied with the best the market af- 
fords, and the terms are very reasonable for 
first-class accommodations. 

Henry Willis & Co., Manufacturers of 
Flour, and Dealer in Flour, Corn, Meal, Shorts, 
Oats, Cotton Seed Meal, Table Salt and Higgins' 
Eureka Salt, Wool Carding, 91 Main Street, 
Auburn. No doubt bread made of any other 
first class flour would "rise" just as well and 
be as nutritions and palatable as though it 
were made of the special brand handled by 
Messrs. Henry Willis & Co. in this city, but 
nevertheless it would be hard to convince some 
of our older residents of this fact, for the reason 
that they have used this firm's flour for over a 
quarter of a century and have no desire to ex- 
change what they know to be good for what 
may be worse and certainly cannot be better. 
Messrs. H. & M. Willis founded their business 
in 1860 and in 1865 Willis, Parsons & Co., which 
continued till 18><i, then changed to H. & M. 
Willis. The firm is now H. Willis & Co. Both 
are Free Mason.>, and Mr. H. Willis has also 
been a member of the City Council and also 
of the Board of Assessors. Ware rooms are 
located at No. 144 Main Street, Roak Block, and 
comprise one floor, measuring 30x60 feet and a 
fine assortment is constantly carriad of Flour, 
Corn, Meal, Shorts, Oats, Cotton Seed Meal, 
Table Salt and Higgins' Eureka Salt, also Hig- 
gin's English Dairy Salt. A force of four men 
is employed, and orders are given prompt at- 
tention, with the guarantee that all goods sup- 
plied will prove just as represented. 



Chas. S. Emerson, Dealer in all kinds of 
Junk, also Ploughs, Harrows, Cultivators, etc.. 
Main Street, opposite Maine Hotel, Auburn. 
Very few men can think of ''junk" without 
also thinking of their boyhood days, for where 
is the boy who has not at some time begun a 
commercial career which perhaps in later years 
was to become a celebrated one. and involve 
transactions to the amount of thousands of 
dollars by negotiating for the exchange of va- 
rious odds and ends such as bottles, old iron, 
copper, etc., for sufficient coin of the realm to 
enable him to defy the contingency of the home 
money market and enable him to pay his own 
way to see the circus he had set his heart on 
seeing ? A boy who has not had this experience 
has been cheated out of a chief pleasure of boy- 
hood, for the clown never looks as funny nor 
the animals so fierce as when seen through eyes 
that have grown keen searching for "unconsid- 
ered trifles" in every nook and corner. The 
Junk business is a great, yes, a tremendous in- 
dustry. Hundreds of thousands of dollars are 
invested in it, and it has enlisted the services of 
some of the most energetic of our business men. 
Mr. Chas. S. Emerson of this city began opera- 
tions here in this line of trade in 1877, and his 
establishment has for some years ranked among 
the most prominent in the State. He is a native 
of Litchfield, Maine, and has served for several 
years in our city council. Mr. Emerson saw 
some stirring times during the late Rebellion, 
and was commissioned as Lieutenant-Colonel of 
the 29th Maine Volunteers, and breveted Col- 
onel in partial recognition of his services. He 
is now the highly popular commander of Burn- 
side Post No. 47, G. A. R., and has literally 
"hosts" of friends in this vicinity. His store is 
located opposite the Maine Hotel on Main 
Street, and five assistants are employed therein. 
Ploughs, Harrows, Cultivators, etc., being 
largely handled, as well as junk of all kinds. 
A heavy stock is carried, and positively the 
lowest market rates maintained. 

Garcelou & Hunton, Fire, Life and Ac" 
cident Insurance and Real Estate Agents, No. 3 
Phoenix Block, Auburn. The older the world 
becomes the wiser it gets, and with the passage 
of years there is a constant increase of more or 
less destructible property, so that the field for 
Insurance is constantly and rapidly widening. 
A large proportion of the many agents scattered 
throughout the country find ample employment 
in satisfying the popular demands for reliable 
insurance, and those doing business in this 
town are not a whit behind the rest in prosper- 
ity. One of the most popular and successful 
of our Auburn agencies is that conducted by 
Messrs. Garcelou & Hunton, at No. 3 Phoenix 
Block, and its total volume of business will to- 
day not suffer by the strictest comparison with 
that of some of the oldest of its competitors. 
There is nothing surprising in this as to begin 
with Messrs. Garcelon & Hunton are both ener- 
getic, enterprising men, and consequently well 
known and highly esteemed by many of our 
bu-iiness men, and then again they have always 
made it a point to represent only such com- 
panies as are not only reliable but which settle 
losses promptly and do not put their policy 
holders to needless expense. Those familiar 

with the different Insurance Corporations will 
admit the truth of this after a perusal of the 
list of companies represented by them. Messrs. 
Garcelon & Hunton are also interested in the 
handling of Real Estate. In all the various 
branches of their business they consult the in- 
terests of their customers bt^lieving them to be 
identical with their own, and that this course ia 
appreciated is proved by the many commissions 
executed by them, 

Mark, Manufacturer of Paper Boxes 
and Cartons, 28 Railroad Street, Auburn. Of 
course in a city where the manufacture of boots 
and shoes has assumed the dimensions and 
importance which it has in Auburn, it is but 
natural that numerous subi^idiary enterprises 
should have sprung up which depend for pat- 
ronage upon the greater industry carried on in 
this vicinity. Among these, one of the best- 
known and most deservedly popular is that 
conducted by Mr. Mark Morse, at No. 28 Rail- 
road Sti-eet, for this gentleman manufactures 
Paper Boxes and Cartons, and as these are used 
by practically all shoe manufacturers, and those 
produced by Mr. Morse are all that could be 
desired as regards both quality and price, why 
it is by no means strange that a very large bus- 
iness should have been built up by him since 
beginning operations in 1881. Mr. Morse is a 
native of Gray, Me., and is a member of the 
American Legion of Honor, and has a large 
circle of friends in Auburn and vicinity. The 
premi-^es utilized by him are of the dimensions 
of 50x80 feet, and comprise three floors, employ- 
ment being afforded to from fifteen to twenty 
assistants. Five horse-power is required to run 
the machiuei'y in use, and ample facilities are 
at hand to fill all orders without annoying delay, 
and at the very lowest market rates. 

A. K. P. Gordon, Groceries. Flour, Grain, 
Meats and Fruits, 62 Spring Street, Auburn. 
Leaving the question of prices out altogether, 
one prefers to trade with a concern that he 
knows will give him courteous attention and 
fair ti'eatment. It is natural that such should 
be the case, and so strong is this preference that 
a man will often patronize a firm that averages 
higher prices on its goods than some of its com- 
petitors, for no other reason than that given. 
Therefore when a house is found which com- 
bines both of these good qualities — which not 
only extends courtesy and fair dealings to all, 
but also quotes the lowest market rates on its 
goods, it is not surprising that its trade should 
be not only large already, but steadily and rap- 
idly increasing. Such a position is that held by 
the enterprise carried on by Mr. A. K. P. Gor- 
don, located at 62 Spring Street, Auburn, 
and its circle of patrons is consequently being 
constantly extended. The undertaking was 
started by Mr. C. Stackpole, and conducted by 
him until 1884, when he was succeeded by its 
present able manager and proprietor, Mr. A. K. 
P. Gordon. Mr. Gordon is a native of Durham, 
Maine, and is connected with the Free Masons 
and Odd Fellows, and has many friends in this 
community. A store is occupied 60x25 feet in di- 
mensions, and a very complete stock is shown 
consisting of Groceries, Meats, Fruits, Flour and 
Grain. Two reliable assistants are employed. 



Clm House, Court Street, Auburn, Dun- 
ham & Andrews, Proprietors. In commending 
this hotel to our readers it is perhaps well to 
begin by saying that those who prefer glitter 
and show to comfort and consideration, will 
not find it here. Those however — and we be- 
lieve the majority of travelers are of this class, 
who enjoy a " good, old-fashioned inn " — will 
find as perfect an example as is in existence 
today, in the popular Elm House, which for 
twenty-nine years has been located on Court 
Street, Auburn. Here is the cozy office, with 
its open fire, around which can always be 
found, through the cool weather, a circle of 
arm-chairs. Then the dining-room, in which 
is served a most appetizing meal, with every- 
thing in plenty, and all cooked in "home" 
style, or as a traveling man very aptly ex- 
pressed it, '"as mother used to cook." The 
beds are clean, old-fashioned and comfortable, 
and when we add that the present proprietors, 
who have had a long experience in the busi- 
ness (as they have for some time conducted the 
Lincoln House, Lewiston) are not only retain- 
ing the old patrons of the house, as well as add- 
ing new ones, we think our readers will find 
they can at least do no better than to give this 
house a trial on their next visit to this section. 
Another feature which reminds one of the " days 
of long ago" is the sight of the stages starting 
for different towns off the line of the railroad. 
These stages make their headquarters at the 
popular Elm House, and those contemplating a 
stage journey will find this the most conven- 
ient house to stop at. 

sales, although it may be mentioned that goods 
from these mills received a high award at the 
Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia. The 
officers of the company are as follows: Pres- 
ident, W. W. Bolster; Treasurer, A. M. Pnlsi- 
fer; Agent, William Hayes. The Board of Di- 
rectors is made up of Messrs. A. M. Pulsifer, 
W. W. Bolster. J. W. Kimball, R. B. Dunn, M. 
C. Percival, S. D. Bailey aud Edward Robinson, 
all of which gentlemen are natives of this 
State, and widely-known citizens, the majority 
of them having held high public offices, and 
standing high in the esteem of the entire 

Barker Mills, A. M. Pulsifer, Treasurer, 
William Hayes, Agent, Manufacturers of Sheet- 
ings and Shirtings, Aubuin. Tb say that the 
manufacture of cotton goods is an industry of 
national importance is simply to repeat what 
every schoolboy knows to be a fact, and that 
Auburn and Lewiston form the principal seat 
of cotton manufacture in this State is equally 
well known. We have no space to devote to a 
consideration of the reasons why Auburn of- 
fers special advantages to the textile manufac- 
turer, but we may say in passing that the un- 
failing and abundant water-power available in 
this city is of the greatest importance in the 
successful prosecution of manufacturing opera- 
tions. Taking for instance the Barker Mills as 
an example, we find that 400 horse-power is re- 
quired to drive the necessary machinery, and 
that all this vast amount of force is furnished 
by the river. There are some drawbacks, to 
be sure, to the use of water-power, which par- 
tially compensate for its cheapness as com- 
pared with steam, but on the whole it must be 
reckoned as an important aid to the attainment 
of the highest economy. The Barker Mills 
were established in 1873, and are now known 
through their products in all parts of the coun- 
try. Fine Sheetings and Shirtings are manu- 
factured very extensively, just how extensively 
may be learned from the fact that 4,000,000 
yards or 2,272^ miles of these goods were pro- 
duced last year. Five floors are utilized, of the 
dimensions of 250x80 feet, and there are 275 
operatives employed. As to the quality of the 
work turned out, no better evidence is needed 
than that afforded by the large and increasing 


Ara Cush man Company, Ara Cushman, 
President, Samuel F. Merrill, Treasurer, 209 
Court Street, Auburn. Boston office. 128 Sum- 
mer Street. That this is emphatically the age 
of machinery is h proposition that may well be 
called self-evident, for we are surrounded on 
every hand with plain proofs of it, and there is 
scarcely an article of food, drink or clothing 
but what owes some portion of its making, at 
least, to machinery of one kind or another. 
Associated with, and in some degree suggested 
by machinery, are immense manufactories, in 
which are employed hundreds of men, and by 
this means another important saving is made 
in the cost of production, as it is obvious that, 
other things being equal, two men can produce 
more than twice as much as one man, two hun- 
dred men a much larger proportionate amount 
than half that number, and so on, until, keep- 
ing within reasonable bounds, we may say that 
the larger the force employed, the more there 
is produced per man. Therefore when wo find 
an establishment like that under the control of 
the Ara Cushman Company, equipped with the 
most improved labor-saving machinery, so ar- 
ramred as to obviate unnecessary handling of 
stock or goods, employing six hundred to 
eight hundred hands, and run on a system so 
perfect that each department forms a part of a 
harmonious whole, thus doing away with fric- 
tion and waste of energy, it may be concluded 
in perfect safety that goods are produced which 
combine a maximum of excellence with a min- 
imum of cost, and on further investigation into 
the standing of the Company's productions in 
the market, it will be found that the conclusion 
arrived at is justified by the facts, for no house 
in the trade enjoys a higher reputation as re- 
gards both the lowness of its prices and the 
desirability of its goods. This great enterprise 
was inaugurated by Mr. Ara Cushman in 1854, 
and in 1865 the firm assumed the name of the 
Ara Cushman Co. The gentlemen associated 
with Mr. Cushman are Messrs. Samuel F. Mer- 
rill, John C. Hollis, Murray B. Watson, and 
Geo. E. Davis, all of whom are well-known and 
highly esteemed citizens. The senior partner 
is President of the National Shoe and Leather 
Bank. In the spring of 1888 the firm was 
changed to a corporation, under the name of 
the Ara Cushman Company, of which Ara 
Cushman is President, Charles L. Cushman, 
Vice-president, Samuel F. Merrill, Treasurer, 
Murray B. Watson, Clerk. A great portion of 
the output of this concern is disposed of 
through its Boston office, located at No. 128 
Summer Street, and a heavy business is done. 


Oscar Holway & Co., Flour, Grain and 
Grass Seed, 19 School Street, near Maine Cen- 
tral Depot, Auburn. Forty-one years ago the 
enterprise conducted by the house of Oscar 
Holway & Co. was inaugurated, today this con- 
cern stands at the head of the trade in Me., and 
ranks with the best known and most largely 
patronized in all New England. There you have 
in a nutshell the history of this popular under- 
taking, and it is one of which every public 
spirited citizen of Auburn should feel proud. 
The firm is made up of Messrs. Oscar Holway, 
Frank E. Tobey, Geo. P. Martin, and Chas. C. 
Holway, the first two gentlemen being natives 
of Fairfield, the third of Monmouth and the 
last of Augusta, Maine. All are well-known 
business men, and all are gentlemen whose in- 
tegrity and ability in matters pertaining to the 
goods they handle have never been brought into 
question. The firm utilizes four buildings in 
this city, and also carry on an establishment at 
Augusta for the accommodation of their cus- 
tomers in that section. Employment is afford- 
ed to ten assistants here in Auburn, and a very 
extensive wholesale business is done through- 
out New England. Flour, Grain and Grass 
Seed are the great staples dealt in. and as we 
have before hinted no concern in the New Eng- 
gland States is better prepared to supply goods 
of standard quality at the lowest market rates. 
Flour is made a specialty and is handled in 
all grades and the most popular brands at the 
smallest possible margin. Orders are attended 
to with celerity and accuracy, and the instruc- 
tions ot customers are carefully noted. 

uated, overlooking the entire Park and fronting 
the main street. Water is brought daily to the 
house from the celebrated Poland Spring. 

Park House, Mrs. S. C. Yeaton, Proprie- 
tress, corner of Main and Academy Streets, 
Auburn, two minutes walk from Grand Trunk 
Depot. Transients accommodated at reason- 
able rates. Experience will do wonders to 
smooth and make easy any undertaking or pur- 
suit, and certainly traveling is no exception to 
the rule, some even going so far as to say that 
by the time a man learns how to travel propei'ly 
he is too old to leave home at all, but however 
this may be, there can be no doubt that one of 
the fundamental rules of comfortable traveling 
is to know how and where to find the best hotels. 
It is by no means always the most pretentious 
or high-priced houses that are the most desir- 
able or home-like, and a conspicuous example 
of this truth may be found in the case of the 
Park House, of which Mrs. S. C. Yeaton is the 
proprietress, located at the corner of Main and 
Academy Streets, two minutes walk from the 
Grand Trunk Depot. The accommodations for 
both transient and weekly boarders are emi- 
nently comfortable and complete. This house 
was first established in 1860, and has been under 
the able management of Mrs. Yeaton since 188.3. 
It is a three-story house and covers an area of 
50x60 feet, and contains twenty-five guest rooms 
and has four fine suites of rooms suitable for 
families. Mrs. Yeaton has established a repu- 
tation for low rates and unremitting efforts to 
please and satisfy her guests. She does a large 
business and fully deserves her success, as it 
is but the legitimate result of her liberal man- 
agement ana fair treatment. This hotel enjoys 
exceptional advantages as a summer resort, be- 
ing close to Auburn Park and is delightfully sit- 

Maine Benefit Association, of Auburn. 
Chartered March 5, 1885. The object of this 
Association is to furnish protection to the wid- 
ows, orphans, or other dependents of its mem- 
bers, by the payment of a cash benefit to such 
dependents at the death of its members. This 
organization was chartered by the Legislature 
of Maine by an act approved March 5, 1885. By 
the terms of this charter the rights of members 
are protected and the perpetuity of the Associ- 
ation secured by the most carefully drawn pro- 
visions and safeguards. By the terms of the 
charter fifteen per cent of all death assessments 
collected is deposited in interest bearing secu- 
rities with the State Treasurer as a reserve 
fund. This deposit, already large, is to be in- 
creased every year until it shall amount to one 
hundred thousand dollars, every dollar of which, 
with the income of the absolutely and en- 
tirely for the benefit and protection of the mem- 
bers of the Association. There you have a cleai", 
succinct and straightforward statement of what 
the Maine Benefit Association proposes to do; 
now for a necessarily brief consideration of the 
means by which they propose to do it. Persons 
between the ages of eighteen and fifty-five in- 
clusive are eligible to membership under cer- 
tain right and proper conditions, and after an 
examination by the Association's physician. 
The funds essential to the carrying on of the 
enterprise are secured as follows: First, By an 
Admission Fee, which is the same to all ages, 
and which varies from $5.00 where $1,0U0 insur- 
ance is wanted up to $15.00 where insurance to 
the amount of $5,000 is carried. Second, By an 
Annual Fee, payable semi-annually, and rang- 
ing from $3.00 to $5.00 according to the amount 
of insurance held. Third, By a series of assess- 
ments on the members, graded according to 
their age at the time of joining, and as frequent 
as circumstances require. Not one penny of 
the money collected by this third means can be 
used for expenses of management or anything 
else excepting the payment of death claims. A 
state of affairs that will be appreciated by those 
who know how to sympathize with the honest 
old sea captain who put a dime in the contribu- 
tion box "for the heathen," and then added a 
dollar to "pay for getting it to them." The 
Association is Purely Mutual. The mem- 
bers are the only stockholders, and as only 
sufficient money is collected to assure the pay- 
ment of losses, there is no heavy surplus accu- 
mulated to tempt the cupidity of any one. 
Listen to these words from the Association's 
prospectus, and treasure them in your memory, 
for they are literally " as true as gospel." "Life 
Insurance, under any and all systems, consists 
in collecting from the living to pay the repre- 
sentatives of the dead." Kemember this; and 
bear in mind also that anything more or less 
than this is not true Life Insurance. Those 
having direction of the Association claim that 
its system provides Life Insurance simply, 
directly and inexpensively, and in our delib- 
erate opinion this claim is well-founded, and 
the Maine Benefit Association should be joined 
by every eligible person who cares for the 
future of those dependent upon him. Circulars 



giving all desired information can be had on 
application at the general office. Goff Block, 
Eoom 5. We present the names of the officers 
below, and feel that no stronger closing argu- 
ment could be given to establish the reliable 
nature of the enterprise. President, George C. 
Wing. Vice-presidents, Wallace H. White. S. 
Clifford Belcher. Treasurer, Nathan W. Har- 
ris. Medical Director, Wallace K. Oakes, m.d. 
Secretary, S. Arthur Lowell. Manager, Milton 
r. Ricker. Directors, George C. Wing. Auburn ; 
Charles II. Gilbert, Canton; George I). Bisbee, 
Buckfield; Seth M. Carter, Auburn; John B. 
Redman, Ellsworth; Nathan W. Harris. Auburn ; 
Albert R. Savage. Auburn ; Milton F. Ricker, 
Auburn; Wallace H. White, Lewiston. 

Eureka Hosiery Co., Manufacturers of 
Cotton, Cashmere, All-Wool and Worsted Ho- 
siery, Auburn. It is owing to tbe estublishment 
and operation of such enterprises as the Eureka 
Hosiery Co., that the general avenge of Hosiery 
manufactured in this section of the country is 
so high, and when one comes to recall the old 
home-spun goods, and to remember the high 
price of handsome Hosiery at that time, some 
idea is gained of the benefits the community re- 
ceive from the operation of accumulated capital. 
A manufacturing enterprise pays a dividend to 
its owners of course (or at least it should do so) 
but it also pays a dividend to the public, for if "a 
penny skived is a penny earned" we have all of 
us received many a liberal return from enter- 
prises in which we have not invested a dollar. 
The Eureka Hosiery Co. is located at No. 10.3 
Main Street, Auburn. It was established and 
incorporated in 1^:88, Geo.. C Wing, President, 
A. A. Waite, Treasurer and Manager, while the 
Directors are Geo. C. Wing. M. 0. Percival, A. 
A. Waite, all gentlemen well known in business 
circles. Its works are equipped with the most 
improved machinery in use, and its productions 
are made from choice selected wool, entirely free 
from cotton, shoddy, or waste of any descrip- 
tion. The colors are absolutely fast ; they will 
not crock or fade, and are the most perfect fit- 
ting stockings in the market being knit in con- 
formity with the foot, and are warranted to 
give entire satisfaction to the wearer. They 
also make to order children's stockings with 
double knees any size required, also lumber- 
men's heavy fulled socks for lumbermen and 
teamsters. The Eureka Hosiery Co. has had a 
most extended experience in connection with 
the manufacture of their goods, and take pains 
to maintain the reputation long since gained, 
and have every facility to assist them in so do- 
ing. These Hose are being sold by all first-class 
dealers throughout the country. Mr. A. A. 
Waite, the Treasurer and Manager, was for 
nearly fourteen years carder and spinner, in 
various cotton mills, in making plain and Ladies' 
dress goods. We print below a testimonial from 
Heselton Bros., the enterprising and successful 
Dry and Fancy Goods dealers in Skowhegan, as 
follows : — 

"We guarantee the Eureka Hose to give sat- 
isfaction in every respect. Made from the best 
selected wool, entirely free from cotton, shoddy 
or waste of any description. Being knit in con- 
formity with the foot gives them the desired 
shape. The colors are black, navy blue, drab, 
brown and scarlet. 

C. A. Jordan, Carpenter and Builder. 
Jobbing of all kinds promptly attended to, and 
satisfaction given. Shop No. 14 Mechanics 
Row, rear of Auburn Hall. The services of a 
competent and reliable carpenter are pretty 
sure to be in active demand in such a place as 
Auburn, and not a few house-owners and oth- 
ers would like to hear of a carpentering estab- 
lishment, where they could place their orders, 
with the positive assurance that they would 
creeive prompt and careful attention. This 
business was started in 1878 by Paine & Jordan, 
succeeded by C. A. Jordan in 1882, and Jordan 
& Bond in 1884, and since 1887 the business 
has been conducted by Mr. Jordan. Not a 
great while elapsed after Mr. Jordan began 
operations here before considerable trade was 
built up, as all orders intrusted to him were 
carried out in the most satisfactory manner, 
and all agreements closely adhered to. This 
method of doing business has been steadily 
followed ever since, and as a result Mr. Jordan 
has an enviable rejmtation among those best 
acquainted- with his work. Buildings from 
the hands of this firm, such as the Auburn 
High School, Stanley Dry Plate factory, Avon 
Mill, and residences of F. M. Jordan, Charles 
Gay. Fred Olfene, B. F. Briggs, Ara Cushman, 
F. H. Briggs, and many others, show some of 
the best examples of heavy framing and fine 
finishing to be found in the cities of Auburn 
and Lewiston. 

A. B. Crafts, Dealer in Choice Family Gro- 
ceries, Fine Teas, Coffees, Meats and Provi- 
sions, 178 Court Street, Auburn. A man who 
really makes a specialty of handling Choice 
Family Groceries, and supplies such goods at 
reasonable rates, is as sure to build up a large 
business eventually as he is to please his cus- 
tomers, and it is to be regretted, to say the 
least, that the feverish haste for wealth which 
actuates too many of those who have engaged 
in this line of trade, only results in their trying 
to dispose of second-class goods at first-class 
prices, with the legitimate conclusion that 
neither they nor their customers are satisfied. 
A proof of the soundness of our views on this 
subject may be found in the exceptional suc- 
cess attained by Mr. A. B. Crafts, of No. 178 
Court Street, in endeavoring to do business in 
such a manner that no one concerned should 
have good reason to complain, for this gentle- 
man has handled Choice Family Groceries from 
the inception of his undertaking, and has 
gained the good will, as well as the custom, of 
his patrons, by so doing. He began business 
in conjunction with Mr. Pulsifer, in 1877, under 
the style of Pulsifer & Crafts, but since 1881 he 
has carried on operations alone. Mr. Crafts 
was born in Hebron, Me., and is connected 
with the Odd Fellows and the Grand Army. 
He has gained the name of selling at a low price 
as well as of handling only reliable goods. A 
fine line of Fresh and Cured Meats is carried 
in addition to the complete assortment of Gro- 
ceries in stock. Mr. Crafts has lately moved 
into his new quarters — a fine large store, 
built on the site of the old one, — with plate 
glass front, and all modern improvements, 
where he and his assistants will attend to the 
wants of customers, old and new, to their sat- 




^^jI^HE history of Augusta presents features of unusual interest even in this unu- 
i^^^ sually interesting region of New England. Few spots in this country can 
trace back the advent of English influences to a more remote period, and few can 
show more glorious and worthy results evolved by more than two centuries and a 
half of growth from these original sources. Geographically, Augusta is nearly in the 
center of the Kennebec valley, and as such it was a favorite rallying place for the 
Kennebec Indians, by whom it was called "Cushnoc," the exact signification of which 
does not seem to have been yet discovered. Upon the site where now stands the fair 
city of Augusta, the Canibas tribe were often accustomed to meet both for purposes 
of peace and war, though they seem to have been a quiet, unaggressive people, as 
were most of their brethren of the Kennebec nation. For this reason, as well as for 
its fertility and accessibility, the Kennebec Valley was early chosen by the first colo- 
nists of New England as a trading center, and in 1629, before even Boston was found- 
ed, a trading-house was established here at Cushnoc by the Pilgrim Fathers of Ply- 
mouth. Probably not half a score of New England cities can trace their origin back 
80 far as this. The trading-house continued here and prospered for about thirty years, 
and during that time was not seriously troubled by the Indians. In 1654, as the 
record shows, Lieut. Thomas Southworth was the Colonial Agent here. But about 
the end of this decade, a cloud arose in the shape of the Indian troubles which began 
to grow threatening throughout New England, and in 1660, thinking that this place 
was too near and open to attack from Canada, the Plymouth colonists withdrew and 
abandoned the trading-house to the mercy of the elements and more cruel aborigines. 
For about a century the place lay desolate, and no attempt was made to restore it, 
though traces of the old settlement were visible in 1692. 


A more successful attempt to establish a settlement was made in 1754, though not 
primarily for that purpose. It was toward the end of the French wars, when the ac- 
tivity and spirit of that versatile but inconstant people were beginning to decline be- 
fore the stubborn resistance of the more persevering English. As the latter kept 
driving the French further back, they reestablished old settlements, and erected forts 
to maintain their conquests. One such, called Fort Western, was erected in 1754, on 
the ruins of the old trading-house at Cushnoc, by the Plymouth Colony, who still 
claimed the ownership of the region under their old charter. This fort was built very 
substantially and well garrisoned, as it was expected to protect the whole lower val- 
ley of the Kennebec, but no attack was made upon it during the war. In fact, Au- 
gusta never seems to have suffered at all from foreign invasion. Soon after the fort 
was completed, the fall of Quebec and the close of the war, removed all fears and re- 
straints, and something more than a military settlement began to give signs of appeai'- 
ing. Houses were erected, clustering around the fort, most of the garrison, who were 
disbanded and might have departed, remaining and receiving choice lots of land for 
settlement. Other colonists commenced to come in, attracted by the fine soil, situation 
and the protection afforded by the fort, and within a decade quite a flourishing settle- 
ment had grown up here. The first record of a religious meeting being held, was in 1763, 
on the occasion of a visit of an English missionary named Mr. Bailey, who afterward 
settled further down the river, but made journeys occasionally through this region, 
and labored faithfully here, though most of the colonists were not in sympathy with 
the English church. 

The land was formally and legally apportioned by the Plymouth owners to the 
garrison and other settlers in 1762, Avhen fifty large and fine lots were surveyed and 
allotted on each side of the river, around Fort Western. The commandant of the 
fort, Capt James Howa.d, was a leader in the first settlement, and was allotted sever- 
al large tracts of land. Benjamin Hallowell and Nathaniel Bowman also bought up 
large sections though not residents. Among the most prominent and active residents 
in these early days, were Ezekiel Page, Edward Savage, Ephraim Cowen, Josiah 
French, the first and only innkeeper for many years, and Pease Clark. Under able 
and far-sighted management, both at home and abroad, the place advanced rapidly in 
size and character, until in 1771 it was granted a town charter, and incorporated un- 
der the name of Hallowell, in honor of Benjamin Hallowell, Esq., who owned large 
sections of land here, and had done much to advance the town. By the time the 
Revolutionary struggle broke out, the town had advanced too far, and become too 
firmly established to be set back in its growth, but it did not do much more than main- 
tain its own while the conflict lasted. Several military companies were raised here, 
and the town partook actively as well as earnestly in the maintenance of the great 
cause. The most direct touch of warfare it experienced was when Benedict Arnold 
with his small but heroic and devoted band marched through here in 1775, on the fateful 
expedition to Canada. Rumors of war, also, but little more came hither when the British 
invaded the Penobscot. Fort Western was repaired and strengthened, though never 
called into active demand, except for the quartering and training of volunteer troops. 
Although Augusta has never seen much bloody fighting, it has had more or less mili- 


tary aroma about its atmosphere, on account of the presence of soldiers and military- 
buildings. The arrival of Samuel Cony, who came to Augusta from Massachusetts 
in 1777, has hardly been equalled in importance by the advent of any other one man, 
as he not only did much for the town himself, but founded a great family whicli has 
always been very active and generous in discovering and forwarding its best interests. 
The weary years of war and deprivation dragged themselves on until 1783, when the 
Declaration of Peace aroused great exultation and joy here, and again the town started 
on a rapid course of advancement. 

The census of Hallowell, taken in 1784, showed a population of 692, and every 
year now brought large additions. As the people spread out and the farms grew 
through all the environing region, a movement sprang up and slowly grew stronger 
toward the formation of two sepai*ate towns. By 1796 this movement for division 
had grown importunate, and culminated in the following year in the separation from 
Hallowell of that part which is now Augusta. The new town, when first divided off, 
was called Harrington, in honor of Lord Harrington, a distinguished English patriot 
who had sympathized with the colonists during the Revolution, and who had evident- 
ly some ardent and influential admirers here. But this name seemed " too English, 
you know," to the large majority, and after it had been borne a few months, a spon- 
taneous movement to change it sprang up, which resulted in the choice of "Augus- 
ta." There may have been some prescience in the minds of those far-seeing citizens 
of the importance the town would gain in after days, but if they had foreseen all its 
history they could not have chose a more stately and fitting name than Augusta. 

The new town started on its independent career with a population of between 
eight and nine hundred, which had increased in 1798 to 1,140, and grew rapidly larger. 
Every augury was favorable, and the most promising sign was the dauntless and push- 
ing spirit of its citizens, which has lain at the root of its great progress. A good ev- 
idence of this was shown in 1797 in the erection of the Kennebec bridge, which was 
the most extensive and formidable enterprise yet completed in Maine — no small tribute 
to one of its then smallest towns. But " coming events cast their shadows before." 
The progressive character of the town was early felt, for when Kennebec County was 
incorporated in 1798, Augusta was made the shire town, although one of the youngest, 
having only been formed the ye::r before. The cause is shown however, in the fact 
that a large proportion of the County oflScers were from Augusta, such men as Joseph' 
North, Daniel Cony, James Bridge, John Davis, Henry Sewall and VVm. Howard. 
Augusta has had good reason to know that a country's wealth is in its men, for though 
never one of the largest places in the State, it has exercised an ever-increasing influ- 
ence, surpassed by no other city, in State affairs, because of the number and charac- 
ter of its truly great men. The last year of the eighteenth century was distinguished 
by the formation of a volunteer tire company, one of the earliest in the State. 

The first years of the nineteenth century opened auspiciously, and steady expan- 
sion in all lines and departments of the town life was the order of the day. An evi- 
dence of its financial growth, was the establishment of the first State bank here in 
1804. A movement of another but not less important character, resulted in the erec- 
tion of the first church edifice here in 1809, at an expenditure of $8,000. With the 


vigor of mind and spirit which characterized all its endeavors, the citizens of Augusta 
early gave careful attention to military affairs, and in 1806 was formed the " Augusta 
Light Infantry Company, Cnptain Vose," one of the finest military organizations the 
State has ever known. It soon became famous through Maine for the perfection of 
its discipline, the beauty of its maneuvers and its thorough equipment in every par- 
ticular. The enthusiasm shown in its establishment and maintainance was remarka- 
ble, and the laurels of glory which it won are yet fresh in the minds of many of the 
older citizens. 

In the years 1808 and 1809, a series of remarkable disturbances occurred in this 
vicinity, which have had few parallels in the history of New England. Augusta, be- 
ing the seat of the county jail, was naturally the center of the troubles, though its 
citizens, so far from being to blame for them, were largely instrumental in preventing 
their consequences from becoming momentous. A large part of the outlying districts 
of the Kennebec Valley had gradually become settled by squatters, without any claim 
to the land, not a few of whom were the reverse of mild in their dispositions. Con- 
sequently, when the owners sent surveyors through the region to lay out land for sale, 
and the sheriffs followed to maintain those who had bought land in their rights, the 
old squatter inhabitants were naturally "riled," and resisted to the best of their ability. 
Several sheriffs were severely handled and injured, and the excitement grew continu- 
ally in intensity. A large number of arrests were made, and the old county jail 
house here was overstocked with unsavory inhabitants. But arrest only made the . 
squatters more aggressive, and a large number of them rallied to the rescue of their 
imprisoned friends. The news of the approach of a considerable force was received 
in the town, and the militia was called out, but they were not strong enough to pre- 
vent the jail from being set on fire and burned to the ground, though they managed 
to keep their hands on the prisoners and prevented their release. The affair gradually 
blew over for a while, the guilty met their requisite punishment, and the course of law 
and order went steadily on through the county before which the lawless had inevitably 
to retreat. A new and stronger jail and court house was erected, which promised to 
stand the strongest attack. But even greater excitement ensued during the next year. 
A party of surveyors were working in the vicinity of Malta, when ihey were sudden- 
ly surprised and fired upon by a party of men disguised as Indians. One of them 
was so severely wounded that he died from the effect. Popular indignation caused a 
most thorough search to be made for the murderers, and nine of the old squatter in- 
habitants of the region were arraigned on this charge. 

While these unique distractions were occurring at home, Augusta had also been trou- 
bled by events outside. The Embargo, first laid on our commerce in 1807, had gone 
on for several years, making things worse and worse, and Augusta suffered severely 
with the rest. Twice the citizens of Augusta drew up strong and pointed resolutions 
for the personal consideration of President Jefferson, and so powerfully were they put 
and difficult to answer, that the President wrote a personal letter which exists to-day 
in the city records, and in which he made important concessions from his policy. In 
1810 the census showed an increased population of 1,805, and a total valuation of 
$178,064. In this year the Kennebec Bank was incorporated, with a capital stock of 


$100,000. The sentiment of the town was strongly opposed to war, and in 1810 the 
Herald of Liberty, a Federalistic paper was started to represent that sentiment. But 
the war was declared, despite of them, in 1812, and foregoing private feelings and 
interests, the citizens joined with noble patriotism in the endeavor to maintain the 
national honor. Men and supplies were devoted to carrying on an iindesired war, but 
when it was over none were gladder than the citizens of Augusta. 

In 1815, Judge Cony, with his usual liberality, established an enduring monument 
to the city's and his own fame, in the founding of the " Cony Female Academy." At 
that time the subject of the education of women had received but a very small share 
of the attention it deserved, but under the leadership of Judge Cony, thoughtful men 
ot Augusta made long advances on the old methods, and to the marvelous develop- 
ment which has attended this department of education in recent decades, the city of 
Augusta has contributed no small share. After the close of the war of 1812-15, the 
great question in Maine was its proposed separation from Massachusetts, and Augusta 
was strongly for separation. Under the first State census taken after the separation, 
the town in 1820 contained 2,457 inhabitants, and the valuation $282,549, both show- 
ing a large increase over the last decade. In this year $1,200 was appropriated for 
schools, $1,500 for the poor, and $2,300 for roads, which figures give a good idea of 
the town's jirogiess and liberality. 

In 1825 a movement of large importance to the interests of Augusta was inau- 
gurated, resulting in the establishment in that year of the Kennebec Journal, than 
which there has since been no more reliable, progressive and valuable paper in the 
State. Its first i^roprietors were Eaton & Severance, and the Journal has gone on 
steadily incieasing its circulation and power. The daily edition was first issued in 
1870, and served to extend its already wide and marked influence. An event of great 
interest at the time, and large consequences since, occurred in 1826, when the steam- 
boat "Legislature" came up the Kennebec to Augusta, from Boston via Portland. 
Since that time steamboat commimication with Boston has constantly kept up and 
this has been a marked influence in the upbuilding of the commercial interests here. 

The location at Augusta of the State Capital was a great benefit to its advance in 
many directions, and all items bearing on this point have a special interest. For over 
a decade after the separation, the State Legislature continued to meet at Portland, 
but it was obvious that this could not continue to be the favored spot, since it was 
indisputably too far from either the geographical or numerical center of the State to 
be considered. Many heated discussions were held in the early Legislatures on this 
important point, whicli was the rock on which one after another they all split. Each 
town which had a ghost of a show was very active and prominent in pushing its own 
claims, promising everything possible and impossible, if it were only made the favored 
spot. The first result which grew out of the discussions was that some place in the 
Kennebec Valley was undeniably considered by the majority as the most desirable 
spot. Then it came to a choice between a number of growing towns in this section, 
Hallowell taking the lead with Augusta a close second. A committee ajipointed by 
the Legislature, in 1821, i-eported in favor of the former place, but the decision was 
altered and deferred from year to year, until finally in 1827, after almost an intermin- 



able dispute and liard feeling, Augusta was chosen for the site. A large influence in 
deciding this choice was the quiet but powerful words and measures of the able men 
who now as always represented Augusta with unsurpassed devotion and talent, and 
also to the substantiality of the advantages which Augusta possessed. The great 
beauty and value of Weston Hill, which was offered by tiie town as a site, and where 
now the Capitol stands, was an inducement of great weighi. The town also offered 
others of a monetary character, and being as near as possible to both centers, and the 
head of navigation on the Kennebec, it carried off the day with honors, and the wis- 
dom of the choice has since been attended with increasing force as the years have 
clearly shown its advantages. 


Among other chai'acteristic movements of the times was the erection of the Uni- 
ted States arsenal in 1828. It was the greatest day the town had ever known, when, 
on July 4th, 1829, the cornerstone of the new Capitol was laid. An immense con- 
course witnessed the military display, which consisted of regiments from other States 
as well as almost all in Maine. Distinguished visitors from all parts of the country- 
were present, and the services were very impressive and appropriate. The leaders of 
the day's celebrations were the able legislators of Augusta, who had done so much in 
securing the occasion, Nathaniel Weston, Reucl "Williams, James Bridge and Henry 
W. Fuller. In 1830 the population had risen to 3,980, and there were already twen- 
ty-three members of the three leading professions situated here. The State House 
was completed in 1832,"at a total cost of $138,991, to which Augusta contributed much 
more than its due share. In extent it is 150x54 feet, the wings being 33x54 feet, and 


the central portion 84x56 feet. It sets on a commanding position, and its front is 
beautifully finished ofi"with an arcadedcollonade of eight Doric pillars, 81 feet in height; 
the height of top of cupola is 114 feet from the base; the reception hall is handsome- 
ly finished oflf, and contains statues and paintings of some of Maine's greatest men; 
here also 5»re the flags carried so honorably on many battle-fields by heroic soldier 
sons. The various department rooms and the two legislative halls are thorougly fitted 
up and models in their way. There is a large and valuable State library here under 
able and scientific management. The State House has listened to many powerful and 
noteworthy addresses, and has witnessed some remarkable occurrences. In front of 
it were stationed a large number of volunteer troops, and from its steps have been 
consigned stars and stripes, which were afterward baptized with fire and blood. A few 
years ago it witnessed a bloodless civil war between the two great parties represented 
in the State. One gained an apparent sweeping victory through the State and took 
possession of the State House. But charges of collusion were made and all the 
members-elect of, and those supported by, the other party, took up their headquarters 
on the State House green. By some inexplicnMe turning of the table after a few 
days the party inside was ousted and those outside got possession of the building in 
a body, and for the rest of that year this "anomalous legislature" was of one political 

The year 1827 was not entirely fortunate, though Augusta gained the Capitol in 
that year, for the old Kennebec Bridge, which had stood so many freshets and storms, 
was burned, and a great conflagration causing much damage and loss to Augusta 
ensued. But measures of restoration were immediately begun and in the general re- 
joicing over the victory and the building of the State House, the minor loss was sub- 
ordinate. The year 1834 witnessed the commencement of the building of the Maine 
Insane Hospital, which, in the choice of Augusta as Capital, naturally was located 
here. The work continued for six years, and in 1840 this noteworthy instit^ition was 
completed. It has since been enlarged and improved; its methods have been broad- 
ened and made more scientific with the great advances made by mental science itself, 
and it now ranks among the best and most ably managed in this country. In this first 
year of its operation — 1840 — it treated one hundred and twenty-nine patients, and 
during the year 1887 some seven hundred and fifty-four patients enjoyed its privi- 
leges, which shows its great growth in the last half-century. The present superin- 
tendent is Dr. B. T. Sanborn, who has hail long and thorough experience in the treat- 
ment of mind troubles, and has noticeably affected and improved the entire system 
here since he has taken charge; so that it is now in a most admirable state, and on a 
level with the most approved institutions of the kind. 

The commercial interests of Augusta were largely interested in the building of 
the great dam, which was begun in 1835 and completed in the following year. It 
was a work of great magnitude and required a large outlay, but the value and neces- 
sity of the waterpower had already become evident, and neither the enterprise nor the 
faith of the business men of Augusta was wanting. It did require strong faith, 
however, to believe that a dam powerful enough to resist the tremendous spring 
freshets which occasionally occurred, could be built, and this faith has been tested 


many times. In 1839 occurred n gi-eat freshet, which broke and seriously damaged 
the dam in several places as well as considerable property near it on the banks. But 
this disaster did not discourage the people, and the dam was rebuilt stronger the fol- 
lowing season. Another great freshet came in the sprii)g of 1846, but the dam this 
time proved strong enough to withstand it, and less damage was done. A fire at 
the dam in 1850, changed its aspect somewhat, and in 1855 there was another freshet, 
which succeeded in breaking through in several places. But the greatest freshet ever 
known here since the dam was built occurred in 1870. It came with increasing force 
for several days and finally swept away the dam entirely. But it was rebuilt in the 
same year, the people rising to the urgency of the occasion, with greatly increased 
strength, and at a cost of $150,000. So thoroughly was the work done this time that 
though many times since the water and ice have risen high and strong against it, it as 
yet, has stood firm and steadfast. The railroad bridge which was also destroyed in 
1870 was rebuilt at great expense and much more strongly. 

The population in 1840 had increased to 5,314, and the next decade was one of the 
most prosperous in Augusta's history, the population in 1850 having come near its 
high-water mark, being 8,232, and the valuation $2,337,138, a remarkable increase. 
One great and helpful influence to Augusta's business interest during this decade, 
was the work done on the river, toward the broadening and deepening of its channel, 
which was begun in 1845 and has since been continued and renewed with good re- 
sults. In 1848 the incorporation of the Augusta Savings Bank bore witness to the 
increase of wealth among the citizens. But a much more important incorporation 
occurred in 1849, when in response to an urgent appeal the Legislature granted a city 
charter to Augusta. After an interesting and protracted political struggle, General 
Alfred Redington was selected and elected as the first Mayor, and the new city gov- 
ernment was inaugurated with the brightest auspices in 1850. In 1851 an event of 
incalculable importance to the city took place when tiie first railroad train came 
through, upon the opening of the road to Augusta in that year. Since that day the 
commercial life of Augusta, as well as its social and political life, have been most in- 
timately connected with the railroad and has gained much profit therefrom. The year 
1853 was marked by two important events — the occurrence of one of the greatest 
fires the city had ever known, and the arrival and settlement here of the Hon. James 
G. Blaine, who has since brought much fame to the city of his home, and who is 
greatly honored and beloved here. The year 1854 marked the close the first century 
of the city's uninterrupted life and growth, and was celebrate<l with appropriate cere- 
monies. The election of Governor Samuel Cony reflected honor on his native city. 
In 1858, in answer to a pressing need, the erection of a new, larger and stronger 
county jail was begun. 

About the close of this decade the questions of slavery and SecesiJion were be- 
coming topics of burning thought and discussion, and Augusta, naturally, as the Cap- 
itol, became the center of the State-feeling. All the measures of the National and 
State Governments were earnestly watched, and when the call to arms was made in 
1861, this city was among the first and most generous. It became the central rally- 
ing place for the State forces and not only led, but heartily entered many movements 



for the advancement of the great cause. The first company here was raised April 22 
1861, by Capt. H. G. Staples, and joined the third Maine Regiment, one of the earliest 
formed and sent to the field, in which there were two Augusta companies. A great 
bivouac and rendezvous camp for the volunteers was made on the State House Green, 
and here, among others, the 7th, 8th, 9th and 11th Regiments were enlisted and dis- 
patched. Later, the 13th, 14th, 15th, 24th, 28th, 29th, 30th and 31st Regiments were 
all organized here and went forth to battle, in all of which and other State regiments 
were gallant sons of Augusta. The record of the city for generosity, the bravery 
and the genius of its officers and men was unsurpassed, and will ever form a bright 

page in the military history of the State. Large 
sums were devoted to bounties, soldiers' families 
and supplies, and active and influential branches 
of the Sanitary and Ladies' Aid Societies were 
situated here. The honor and death list of Au- 
gusta was large, and heavy drafts were made upon 
her affectionate sorrow. The memory of the hon- 
ored dead is preserved not only by a noble monu- 
ment, but also imperishably in the hearts of the 
people. The city had hardly recovered from the 
immediate sense and experience of war and its 
bloody troubles, when, like its sister city, Port- 
land, and soon after her, it also experienced a 
severe baptism of fire. It was in the night of 
September 7, 1866, that this greatest confiagration 
ever known in Augusta broke out, and it lasted 
through a large part of the following day. It 
originated in a large tenement building on Water 
Street, near Oak, and continued its rapid course 
until almost all the business portion of the city 
was laid in ruins, sweeping down botli sides of 
Water Street and laying bare the west side of the 
city from Winthrop Street to Bridge. Every 
bank building in the city, every lawyer's office, as seems always to be the case, 
and almost every building used for business purposes, two large hotels, the Post- 
office and many dwelling-houses, were burned to the ground. In all, eighty-one 
buildings, foity-nine of them of brick, and valuable, were lost, and the total damage 
was estimated at about $500,000, only about half of which was insured. The fire- 
department worked most heroically and deserve the highest praise. With some of 
their apparatus destroyed and much impaired, they kept up a steady and gallant fight 
from the beginning of the fire to the end, and only by the most strenuous efforts 
could the fire be stopped where it was. They ventured on places where death seemed 
certain, and though lielp was gallantly afforded by surrounding towns, bore almost all 
the peril and exhausting toil and won the laurels of enduring praise. Although the 
firemen were of unsurpassed courage and skill, the test of the fire showed that some 



of the methods and appliances then in use were too antiquated, and these faults 
were so thoroughly remedied that the department now ranks with the highest in 
morale and efficiency. This fiery disaster was a great throw-back for the town, and 
one which, though oaet with great courage and energy, has never been entirely recovered 
from. The business men of Augusta immediately formed a committee, and in the 
extraordinary zeal and interest shown in the rebuilding of the burned district and the 
reestablishment of business interests retarded, new avenues of industry were opened 
up and a more energetic spirit fostered, so that the balance of results of the fire was 
not entirely on the debit side. The business section, and Water Street in particular, 
was built up much more substantially than before, and Augusta is certainly a far 
handsomer city by reason of the fire. The extreme care and attention which have 
been brought about in this field by this great disaster, is the city's greatest safeguard 
and assurance against any repetition of it taking place. 

An era of building, not confined to the parts visited by the fire, now set in and the 
year 186S was marked by the erection of many new and beautiful structures. An- 
other evidence of the expanding spirit of the city was shown in 1869, when the Free 
Bridge system was adopted and all the people's hearts gladdened by the removal of 
the tolls. Despite the great freshet of 1870, the city continued to advance through 
the following decade, though more slowly than before the war, and not without suffer- 
ing severe depression through the great financial panics which swept over the country 
at this time. 

In 1880 the population had become 8,666, and it has been increased somewhat 
more rapidly under the better prospects of the present decade, so that it is now in the 
region of 10,000. Liberal appropriations were made last year, and the policy of wise 
and economical generosity maintained. The school department received $20,781.59, 
which was carefully administered, and in every respect this department does credit to 
the long and unremitting efforts to perfect it, which have so generously been bestowed 
by the city and its leading men. There were 2,367 school children in the various dis- 
tricts of the city last year. There are twenty-three districts in all, and the teachers, 
buildings and facilities in each are all of a high order of merit. Especial attention is 
given by the school-board and the supervisor to the securing of first-class teachers, 
and the results as shown in the improvement of the pupils have been very satisfac- 
tory. The system of grading, and studies, are arranged according to the most ap- 
proved educational methods adopted and used in this country. The high school has 
been named in honor of one of Augusta's most distinguished citizens and a liberal 
benefactor of its educational interests, the " Cony Free High School." It is under 
the able superintendence of Mr. Geo. B. Files, who, assisted by a talented corps of 
teachers, has raised it to the highest level of New Eigland's famous public school 
standard. The curriculum is thorough, scientific and practical, fitting either for col- 
lege or for business, and furnishing every ingredient of a good English education. 
Special attention is now being given to the scientific department, and the results at- 
tained both in the case of those who go directly from here to college, and those who 
take a general course as a preparation for business, are highly creditable to the school 
and to the city. The great wealth of Augusta, which has always laid in the character 


and ability of its citizens, will be powerfully conserved so long as the present efficient, 
inestimably valuable school-system is preserved. « 

The fire department has been constantly improved ; it is now on a most efficient 
and admirable footing. Last year only $855.16 were needed to maintain it, yet it 
performed every duty with the utmost dispatch and effect, accomplishing a saving of 
many thousands of dollars to the city. The force consists of thirty-two men, (includ- 
ing the chief engineer, Henry T. Morse), divided into two steam fire-engine com- 
panies, with every modern and necessary appliance. There has been much discussion 
in recent years over the water question, and the Augusta Water Company has intro- 
duce its hydrants throughout the city. The completion of this water-work system, 
which draws its supply from the illimitable source of the Kennebec, will mark a great 
advance in the city's life, and contribute no small share to its further progress. 

The sanitary preeminence of Augusta has been long and widely famed. Screened 
from the harsh east winds which devastate the Atlantic coast, it has other marked 
advantages in the great water-course which makes its soil salubrious and its drainage 
perfect. It has added much to the successful life of Augusta as a State Capital that 
it has always enjoyed such unusual health privileges. A local board of health keeps 
a constant watch-care over every possible invasion and spread of infectious diseases. 

One noble institution, which cannot be passed without mention, is the New Eng- 
land branch of the National Military Asylum for disabled soldiers, located at Togus 
Spring, about four miles from Augusta, This was established by act of Congress 
and first opened here in 1866. Four large brick buildings (100x50) in the form of a 
quadrangle were erected here in 1868, and these have been much improved and en- 
larged since. Several hundred invalid veterans here find a quiet home under favorable 
surroundmgs, and every attention is shown to those who risked their all and sacri- 
ficed much ot their life to the interests and safety of their country. 

The social life of Augusta has peculiar features from the fact of its political 
character. Every other winter when the Legislature is in session, the season is a very 
brilliant one, and this gives a much wider and more varied social life than is enjoyed 
by most places of its size. From this fact, also, though there are a number larger, 
there is no city in the Stote that is better known than Augusta. The business streets 
and houses, public buildings and beautiful graded drives, all give one the impression 
of a large and prosperous city, and the visitor is surprised to learn that the population 
is no larger than it is. But, though Augusta has owed much to this periodical acces- 
sion of influential visitors, it has owed far more of its internal development to the 
enterprise and foresight of its own able citizens. These have not spared any effort to 
develop its every resource to the utmost, and to give it every privilege enjoyed by the 
largest cities, and their efforts and sacrifices have been abundantly rewarded, in the 
growing fame, wealth and power of the city. Its handsome appearance and natural 
advantages make it no unworthy Capital for a great and growing State like Maine, 
and it will undoubtedly continue to advance in unison with the State. The business 
interests are now full of life and constantly expanding, and every line of the city's 
affairs are bright with promise. 



MF there is any one desideratum for the prosperty and thrift of a city or town, it 
is a thorough system of water-works, furnishing an abundant and never failing 
supply of pure water for its inhabitants. Not only does it promote the industries 
and the business industries of the city, but as a sanitary measure alone, a water sys- 
tem is worth many times its cost. But to go still further there is no method yet dis- 
covered which is stich an adequate protection to the ignitable property of a place as 
that furnished by well constructed modern water works. Augusta has but very 
recently completed a water system of which she is justly i^roud, as one of the most 
complete and honestly constructed of any in the country. Today we have a spacious 
reservoir, 24 miles of mains and a pressure of 125 pounds to the square inch on 
Water Street, throwing a stream over the tallest building wiiich can be found on the 
street. The system was built between July and December, 1886, by the Augusta 
Water Company who contracted with Mr. Geo. P. Wescott and Mr. Joseph H. Manley 
of this city to construct the works. Over 700 men were employed in the undertaking, 
which was performed in the most thorough manner regardless of occasional draw- 
backs and obstacles, and is now, when finished, universally regarded as a credit to the 
city. The water is taken from the Kennebec river above the dam and is found upon 
analysis to be extremely pure. It is pumped into a reservoir upon Burnt Hill and 
thence distributed through the pipes as needed. The nature and extent of the works 
can best be understood by a detailed description of tlie main features of the system 
in order. 

The pumps were manufactured by R. D. Wood ifc Co. of Philadelphia, and invented 
by A. Geyelin, a member of the firm. They required 40 tons of pig iron in their 
manufacture and are capable of pumping 2,000,000 gallons in 24 hours under an 
elevation of 300 feet, with perfect ease. The cylinders or valve chests are about five 
feet long, each has 96 brass valves 3 inches in diameter. They weigh about 10,700 
pounds each, are double acting, pumping both ways of the stroke, which is 19 inches ; 
and are both connected with a 12-inch punij). The large gear wheel weighs 4,600 
pounds and is 96 inches in diameter. The running movement of the pumps is 25 
strokes per minute, being capable of pumping against a pressure of 160 pounds to the 
square inch; and they lift 7 tons of water at every stroke. The 12-inch column of 
water in the pumping main travels at the rate ©f three feet per second. The turbine 
wheel which drives the pumps is supplied with power from the Edwards Company's 
canal. It is 72 inches in diameter with 30 phosphor bronze buckets and developes 
175 horse power. A filtering house consuming sofne 90,000 brick, contains two 
circular wells in which is filter material sixteen inches tliick, lying on a perforated 
copper plate, beneath which is a chamber receiving the filtered water in its course to 
the pumping well, surrounding the circular ones, or filterers. The water while filter- 
ing i)a8ses into the circular well above the filter bed, then down through and out into 
the pumping well and is taken from there and thrown into the reservoir. To cleanse 
the filter, the filter water is compelled by a system of gates to pass up and through 


the filter bed, washing out all sediment, and is then taken away by a pump erected 
for that purpose and thrown away. This jirocess of cleansing continues until the 
water becomes clear. The filtering beds consist of gravel of different grades thor- 
oughly washed before placed in position, and was obtained at the gravel bank at 
Cnmberland Mills. The reservoir situated on the hill to the south and west of the 
Poor Farm, is 19 feet in height, a prominent object to one looking west from the 
north end or east side. It has a capacity of 8,000,000 gallons, and its bottom has an 
elevation of 307 feet above the Kennebec river below the dam, the top or crest being 
326. Water is held at the elevation of 325 feet above the surface of the river below 
the dam, 290 feet above Water Street at the junction of Bridge, giving 125 pounds 
pressure to the square inch. 

At the elevation of 325 feet the reservoir contains over 6,000,000 gallons, while the 
twelve-inch pipe that supplies it will deliver that and the capacity of the pump 
besides in less than twenty-four hours, if required. In the construction of the reser- 
voir care was taken to make it perfectly water tiglit, and to do this some 7,000 cubic 
yards of clay were used. This clay started from a deep trench beneath the center of 
the embankment and rose to within two feet of the top, making a wall averaging five 
feet in thickness well puddled and rolled. Adjoining this at the surface of the ground, 
after sod and soil had been removed was a two foot thickness of clay passing to the 
inside slope and thence down the slope to another trench, which acted as a footing 
for the gravel and paving. Overlying the entire bottom, clay was puddled at dif- 
ferent depths, according to the nature of the material beneath. 

Inside this clay wall and lining and beneath the paving, above the original surface, 
was placed the best clay material the reservoir site afforded, rolled in layers of eight 
inches depth. The clay wall was rolled in six-inch layers, and not allowed to dry or crack 
in the sun. The poorer material was placed outside of this wall of clay, being 
intended to act as a weight, as it has no effect as a water-tight medium. Surrounding^ 
this embankment on top and the outside slope are some 2,000 cubic yards of loam 
covered with sodding, which is necessary to prevent washing by rains. There are 
now laid 6,839 feet of 12 inch pipe, 1,443 feet of 10 inch pipe, 59,589 feet of 8 inch 
pipe, 44,698 feet of 6 inch pipe, 9,616 feet of 2 inch pipe, 5,295 feet of 1 inch pipe, 
and there are 80 city hydrants and 12 private hydrants. The iron pipe is from the 
manufactory of R. D. Wood & Co., Philadelphia, and is prevented from rusting by a 
process which introduces tar into the pores of the iron under a high temperature. 

The depth of mains below the surface is five feet and a half and is thus below the 
frost. There are gates at each end of the bridge and the 10 inch main which crosses 
can be empted at any time. Gates are placed in the pipe so that the water can be 
shut ofi* from certain sections an^l streets when necessary. The pipe is all tested at a 
pressure of 300 pounds to the square inch, and, in fact, the entire pumping main has 
that strength. The value and usefulness of these water works is now fully demon- 
strated, not only by the constant supply of pure water they afford, but also by the 
fact that they save our citizens $4,000 yearly for insurance premiums, reductions of 
rates having been made by the insurance companies in consequence of this increased 
protection these works bestow against fire losses. The works have also had their 


effect upon the city fire department, which has been enabled to dispense with its 
cumbrous and expensive engines and to substitute a hose cariiage service, making 
use of the numerous hydrants of the water service. 


^HE Augusta Gas Light Company was incorporated Mircli 9tli, 1853. The city 
was first lighted with gas October 26, of the same year. The Hallowell Gas 
Light Company was incorporated April 8, 1854, the works were built by the same com- 
pany which built the Augusta works, in 1855. The two conipanies were united under 
the name of Augusta and Hallowell Gas Light Co., and the company continued under 
that name until February 4th, 1867, when it was changed to Augusta Gas Light Co., 
and the Hallowell j^ortion of the plant sold to private citizens. The streets of 
Augusta Avere first lighted with gas in 1859. The Legislature, in February 1887, 
chartered the Kennebec Light & Heat Co., and authorized the Augusta Gas Light 
Co. to sell its property and franchise to it. The legislature also gave the Kennebec 
Light & Heat Co. full authority to purchase the property and franchise of the Gar- 
diner Gas Light Co., and gave it authority to furnish light and heat in Hallowell. 
The Kennebec Light and Heat Co. was organized in order to combine the lighting of 
Augusta, Hallowell and Gardiner by gas and electricity under one Corporation. The 
property of the several companies has been transferred to the Kennebec Light & Heat 
Co. Under the new management large suras have been expended in permanent repairs, 
and in a new gas plant. New main pipes for distribution have been laid in the prin- 
cipal streets and a new gas holder of 45,000 cubic feet capacity has been built. This 
holder was built in the most substantial manner of brick and iron. The company, 
also built four large purifiers of the most improved pattern. On the east side of the 
river, the Kennebec Light & Heat Co. have leased from the Edwards Manufacturing 
Co. power and erected a building to generate their electricity. The building is 60 
feet in length and 36 feet wide and one story in height. Two large turbine wheels, 
constructed by Mr. P. C. Holmes of Gardiner, have been placed in one of the new 
flumes and furnish the power for the electric light station. 

During the summer of 1888 a number of street electric lights were put up by the 
company, proving so satisfactory that in the following October a contract was made 
with the city government for 54 arc lights of 2,000 candle power each, to be placed at 
street corners. These lights are equal to 270 gas lamps, furnishing nearly twice the 
former amount of illumination. Besides these some dozen others are owned by 
private parties. Seven of the city lamps, on Water and Cony Streets burn all night, 
at a yearly cost of 1125 each. The others burn from sunset till midnight, and cost 
$75 each per year. 

The company propose to extend their lines, and string their wire so as to furnish 
electricity in Hallowell and Gardiner as well as in Augusta. Both systems of electric 
light are to be used, the arc and incandescent, and one of the most extensive electric 
plants in New England will be established. 




E. E. Davis & Co., Clothiei-s and Hatters, 
under Cony House, Augusta. In no branch of 
business at the present day can a man afford to 
abate any appreciable de^ee of exertion to 
push to the front, for competition is brisk and 
enterprising, and if an undertaking, however 
well equipped and apparently secure is left to 
run itself, the consequences are very apt to be 
similar to those of a sailing vessel served in 
the same way, — ruin and destruction. This 
statement is more applicable of course to some 
business pursuits than to others, where there is 
not so much ability required, or where the field 
of operation is larger and less thoroughly work- 
ed, but of none can it be urged with more truth 
and force than in that relating to the handling 
of Clothing, etc., for in this there is apparently 
" war to the knife " declared between rival 
dealers. An establishment devoted to this 
trade in Augusta, which has met with an unu- 
sual degree of success in gaining the favor and 
patronage of the public, is that conducted by 
Messrs. E. E. Davis & Co., located on Water 
Street, under the Cony House. The inaugura- 
tion of this enterprise was in 1879, and the rap- 
id but steady increase that has characterized 
the extension of its trade cannot but be gratify- 
ing to its projectors, however well it may be de- 
served. The store utilized is of the dimensions 
of 27x60 feet, and is well fitted up for the dis- 
play of an exceptionally varied and desirable 
stock of Fine Clothing, Hats, Caps, and Gents' 
Furnishing Goods, having the finest front and 
most attractive display windows in the city, if 
indeed they are equalled in the State. Four 

courteous assistants are employed, and gar- 
ments unexceptional in cut and style may be 
had here, at surprisingly low rates. Especial 
attention is called to the make, trimming and 
fit of their clothing, the better grades being city 
SHOP made, and far superior in style and fit 
to garments usually offered by small manufac- 
turers who are unable to secure the skilled 
help and overseers obtained in large cities, and 
he must be hard to suit indeed, who is not perfect- 
ly satisfied with some one of the many fashion- 
able and beautiful fabrics from which these 
suits are made. New and nobby styles of head 
gear are on hand at all prices, and the line of 
Gents' Furnishings shown comprises all those 
numberless conveniences used by the most care- 
fully dressed. Messrs. Davis & Co.. are highly 
esteemed by the community for their ability 
and probity, and give their personal supervision 
to all the business of their establishment, 
thereby insuring perfect content on the part of 
their numerous patrons, who are drawn from 
within a radius of fifty miles of Augusta. The 
policy upon which their business is conducted 
is characterized by liberality and the careful fos- 
tering of the interests of their patrons, so that 
transactions once entered into with this house 
may be not only pleasant for the time being, but 
permanently. The individual members of the 
firm are Messrs. E. E. & W. H. Davis, the first 
having been engaged in the Clothing business 
nearly seventeen years, and the latter nine. 
Both are well known and highly respected citi- 
zens and business men of this city. 



Lord & Liowell, Watches, Clocks and 
Jewelry, Water Street, Under Cony House. 
Among the best known and most reliable estab- 
lishments of the kind in Augtista, is that now 
conducted by Messrs. Lord & liOwell, centrally 
located on Water Street, under the Cony House. 
This establishment has a well-earned reputation 
for the excellence of its wares, and the fidelity 
with which work entrusted to it is performed, 
hence its business is prosperous and steadily 
increasinor. This house was first established in 
1883 by Messrs. Wheeler & Lord and success- 
fully conducted by them until 1887, when the 
firm-name was changed to its present style of 
Lord & Lowell. With the advancement of any 
community in wealth, intelligence, and culture, 
the fine arts of decoration and adornment pros- 
per, and the skill and taste of the jeweler is 
brought more constantly and generally into 
requisition. Twenty years ago it would have 
been impossible to have found customers for 
that class of goods which are now really in the 
greatest demand. The stock carried by Messrs. 
Loi'd & Lowell, comprise the finest grades of 
Watches, Clocks, Silver Ware, and a beautiful 
and unique selection of Jewelry, calculated to 
please the most fastidious. The premises 
occupied comprise a store 20x50 feet in dimen- 
sions, a part of which is neatly fitted up as an 
optical room, where a fine stock of Spectacles, 
Eyeglasses, etc., is displayed. The entire 
management of both Jewelry and Optical 
departments is under the personal direction of 
the proprietors. Messrs. Lord & Lowell are 
both natives of Maine, and men of judgment 
and sound business principles, and of exquisite 
taste in the selection of their stock. 

Daniel A. Cony & Co., Groceries, Corn, 
Flour, Hair, Lime, Cement, Hides, Wool, Wool 
Skins, Fertilizers, Grass Seed and Hay, Corner 
Cony and Bangor Streets, East Side. The num- 
ber of concerns in this country engaged in 
handling what is known as "staple" com- 
modities, is of course something enormous, for 
where there is a population of 60,000,000 souls 
to be fed, clothed and otherwise provided for, it 
is evident that there must be many hands to do 

the work. As a genernl rule the merchants of 
the United States are enterprising, sagacious 
and perfectly reliable, so that it requires a 
special degree of excellence to attain distinction 
when the average is so high, and therefore, 
those firms which liave gained prominence are 
all the more worthy of mention. It is a well- 
known matter of fact, that so prodigal is Ceres 
in her bounty in the State of Maine, that there 
are many stores which are the i-endezvous of 
the farmers with harvests of grain and produce. 
The prominent position which the house of 
Daniel A. Cony & Co., occupies among the 
representative firms of Augusta, deserves dis- 
tinguished mention, and admirably supports 
the statement we have just made. Jfo history 
of Augusta's moie prominent business houses 
would be complete without mention of that con- 
ducted by the above named firm. The prem- 
ises utilized comprise three floors of the dimen- 
sions of 22x65 feet, as well as three large store- 
houses; the stock always on hand being Grocer- 
ies, Corn, Flour, Hair. Lime, Cement, Hides, 
Wool, Wool Skins, Fertilizers, Grass Seed and 
Hay. Employment is afforded to five efficient 
assistants, and both a wholesale and retail busi- 
ness is done, the transactions being by no 
means confined to this city alone, but reaching 
all over the entire county. The firm is made 
up of Messrs. Daniel A. and Frederick Cony, 
both of whom are too well known personally 
to require further mention. The advantages 
offered to purchasers are such as can only be 
extended by houses doing a large and growing 
business, and whether a large or small quantity 
of goods are wanted, it will be found advisable 
to deal with this enterprising concern, for 
orders are promptly, carefully and honestly 
filled, and the lowest mai-ket rates are strictly 
adhered to. Family Groceries are handled 
extensively, and the prices quoted on these 
goods, together with the excellent quality of 
the commodities furnished, have resulted in 
making this the most popular department of its 
kind in the city. Through strict personal 
attention to their business and liberal dealings 
with the public, this firm has acquired a reputa- 
tion not to be equaled by any similar concern in 
the entire State. 




Cbas, M. Sturjjis, Furniture, Curtains, 
Curtain Fixtures, Coffins, Caskets and Robes, 
173 Water Street, Augusta. This house was es- 
tablished in 1883, and from its inception has en- 
joyed a steadily increasinjr trade. The premises 
located at No. 173 Water Street, comprise three 
floors, each 25x65 feet in dimensions, with a 
basement of the same size, and a large store- 
house outside, which are well arranged for the 
conduct of the business in all its branches. A 
large and well-assorted stock of Furniture is 
always to be found here, comprising Parlor, 
Dining-room, Chamber and Hall Furniture, 
Curtains, Carpets and Draperies, Curtain Fix- 
tures, etc. These include new and original de- 
signs, and are elegantly finished and upholsteied 
in costly and medium priced fabrics, compris- 
ing all the elements of attractive appearance, 
durability and usefulness. The large retail 
trade of this house requires tlie employment of 
thoroughly capable and experienced clerks. 
Mr. Chai'les M. Sturgis also deals in Coffins, 
Caskets and Robes of which he constantly car- 
ries a large and complete assortment. Mr. Stur- 
gis is a native of Fairfield, Me., and is a mem- 
ber of the Free Masons and Knights of Pythias. 
He is a practical business man and gives it his 
close personal attention, a fact which insures 
all customers the most perfect satisfaction. 
This house occupies an important and well- 
recognized positirm in the trade, and as such 
we recommend it to our readers. Mr. Sturgis 
is polite and attentive to all and is well-fitted 
by long experience for successfully carrying on 
the business, and well deserves the confidence, 
consideration and esteem he enjoys, which has 
resulted in a large trade throughout this section. 

F. W. Mathews, Hats and Furs, also a full 
line of Gent's Furnishing Goods. Trunks and 
Bags, Water St. A hat being as it were the finish- 
iugtouchon amaii's costume, naturally attracts 
a degree of attention out of all proportion toit& 
apparent importance, and a person who would 
look well dressed with a '"shocking bad hat" on 
would certainly merit a position in some museum 
as a rnra avi'i. On the other hand, a fashionable 
and well-made hat will do much towards making- 
any one presentable, and thus no portion of the 
costume merits more careful attention. In order 
to be sure of obtain ng an article of head-gear 
suited to one's individual peculiarities, an es- 
tablishment carrying a Irtrge and varied stock 
should be patronized, such a one, in fact as is 
conducted by Mr. Fred W. Mathews, cor. Water 
and Bridge Sts. This gentleman has conducted 
the enterprise in question since 1881, having as- 
sumed entire control of it on the retirement in 
1884, of Mr. Upham. The premises utilized are 
20x40 ft. in area, and the stock comprises Hats, 
Caps and Furs of all kinds, it will be found full 
and complete in all its branches, and the long 
established reputation of this house for hand- 
ling none but reliable goods is sufficient proof, 
if proof be needed, that this is a most desirable 
place at which to trade. Mr. Mathews is one of 
our truly representative citizens, being a native 
of this city, and having a large circle of friends 
and patrons here. He transacts a laige and 
ever-increasing business, a fact which enables 
him to keep his ever-changing stock replete 
with all the very latest styles and novelties. 
All callers may feel assured of prompt and 
willing attention and careful consideration of 
their needs. 



H. S. Blaisdell, Dealer in Fine Ready- 
Made Clothinj; and Gent's Furnishing Goods, 
Under Hotel North, Augusta. First impres- 
sions are actually of much more importance 
than most people are willing to acknowledge, 
for although we all wish that others should 
believe us to be in the habit of forming an 
opinion of a person or a thing only after 
mature consideration, as a matter of fact, in the 
majority of cases our judgment is very apt to 
be considerably influenced by first appearances 
and first thoughts. Everybody knows that a 
well-dressed man can go where a badly dressed 
one would not be permitted, and as it is in this 
■case, so it is in others, it is for the advantage of 
all of us to wear well-made and fashionable 
Clothing. But before it can be worn it must be 
bought, and one of the best places that we 
know of in this section of the city at which to 
procure anything of this kind is the establish- 
ment of Mr. H. S. Blaisdell, located Under 
Hotel North, Water Street, Augusta. Business 
was began by this gentleman in 18S4, and he 
lias steadily increased the scope of his opera- 
tions until they have reached their present 
magnitude. He is a native of Maine and well 
known in this city and vicinity A store and 
basement are occupied, each of the dimensions 
of 2.5x()0 feet and a very fine stock of Clothing 
is exhibited, also Gentlemen's Furnishing 
Goods, embracing all the latest fashionable 
novelties in these lines. Two experienced and 
polite assistants are at hand to serve customers 
with the utmost celerity, and every effort is 
made to satisfy all. The prices are very reason- 
able and the goods the best the market affords. 
Also a branch store in Skow began at 104 Water 
Street, next door to the Post Office. 

Smith & Reid, State Book Binders, and 
Manufacturers of Blank Books Ruled to any 
Pattern, Magazines, Law and Library Books, 
Music, etc., Bound to Pattern Previous Vol- 
umes, Works of Art Bound in the Most Elabor- 
ate Styles if Desired. Allen's Block, Augusta. 
Book-Binding is much more of an art than the 
majority of people are aware of, but every 
lover of reading knows the luxury of using a 
volume that is bound as it, that is to 
say, so bound that it will stay open at any 
point, be durable and agreeable to the touch 
and capable of standing rough usage without 
serious injury. The firm of Smith & Reid, 
State Book-Binders, is doubtless one of the best 
known concerns in New England, engaged in 
this line of business, and since operations were 
begun in 1854, the firm name then being Hart- 
ford & Smith, a very important and extensive 
trade has been built up. The present firm has 
been in existence since 1880. Mr. Reid entering 
as partner in that year, and being the active 
member of the firm, having adopted this trade 
since he was a boy, and through hard work 
and perseverance has made an everlasting 
reputation as an expert Book-Binder. Both 
members of the firm ai-e Free Masons and Odd 
Fellows, Mr. Reid also being an A. O. U. W., 
Knight of Honor, and a native of St. John, N. 
B. Mr. Smith was born in this city, having 
formerly been connected with the old dry goods 
firm of Fowler, Hamlen ife Smith, till he 
severed his connection with the firm, going 

West, where he remained for two years. He 
returned to Augusta in 188.5 and is one of the 
city's smartest and most popular business men. 
The premises utilized are of the dimensions of 
40x(i5 feet, and the most improved and efficient 
machinery is employed, 4-horse power being 
required to run the same. Not only Book- 
Binding, but also Blank Book Manufacturing is 
extensively engaged in, and a specialty is made 
of the Ruling of Blank Books to order. Maga- 
zines. Law and Library Books, Music, etc., will be 
bound to correspond with previous volumes, 
and at rates that will bear the severest com- 
parison witli those of other houses. Mr. Reid 
is one of Augusta's most spirited and respected 
business men, and is also one of the city's 
officials, being a member of the City Council, 
and Director of the Building Association, lias 
always in view everything pertaining to the well- 
fare of this thriving jjlace, is also a stockholder 
of the new Trotting Association, and is 
altogether a citizen who is counting his friends 
by the score, who is an honor to the city, and 
through his own exertions, " a self made man." 

C. N. Hamlen, Dry and Fancy Goods, 
Corner of Bridge and Water Streets, Augusta. 
In every city and in every town, too, for that 
matter, there are certain houses, that are so 
well known in connection with special lines 
of trade, that a native or old resident cannot 
think of one without thinking of the others 
also, and it is just this knowledge, that the 
stranger in a city does not get, and is therefore 
under a disadvantage, when purchases are to be 
made. However, hero in Augusta when one 
who is acquainted thinks of Underwear, 
Hosiery and Fancy Goods in general, the firm 
name of C. N. Hamlen, Corner of Water and 
Chestnut Streets, comes into his mind for the 
simple reason that the two are so intimately 
connected that this result is inevitable. This 
well-known house was established over fifty 
years ago by the father of the present pro- 
prietor, Mr. C. N. Hamlen, who assumed full 
proprietorship about ten years ago, and has 
continued the business in the same liberal 
manner. A large and thriving business has 
been built up by energy, enterprise, and a care- 
ful study of the public needs, and the trade is 
still increasing with the city's growth. The 
premises occupied cover an area of 25x55 feet, 
and employment is afforded to five courteous 
and efficient clerks. A large stock is on hand, 
comprising everything in the line of Dry and 
Fancy Goods, and these articles are sold at a 
very small margin. Mr. Hamlen, being a 
shrewd business man, knowing the Dry Goods 
business thoroughly, believes in " quick sales 
and small profits," and as a consequence the 
stock is constantly fresh and new. Mr. Hamlen 
was born in this city and, as might be supposed, 
being liberal in his dealings, genial and court- 
eous to visitors, buyer or no buyer, he 
counts his friends and customers by the score, 
and his success in business is therefore justly 
deserved, as he always has given close personal 
attention to every detail of his business, there- 
by showing his ability and justly-wqn name as 
one of Augusta's most industrious business 
men and citizens. 



A. li. Wells & Co., Dealers in Parlor, Cham- 
ber and all kinds of Common Furniture, Coffins, 
Caskets and Burial Robes a specialty, No. 7 
Bridge's Block, Water Street. Augusta. For 
over half a century has the enterprise conduct- 
ed by Messrs. A. L. Wells & Co., been in opera- 
tion, and those at all familiar with the under- 
taking need not be told that it ranks with the 
most truly representative of our city houses. 
Founded in 1837, by C. R. & H. N. Wells, this 
business has steadily grown from small begin- 
nings until now the puemises occupied comprise 
five floors and abasement of the dimensions of 
30x60 feet, and emploj^ment is given to eight as- 
sistants, both a wholesale and retail trade being 
carried on. Sept. 1st, 1888, the firm of C. R. & 

H. N. Wells dissolved, and since then Mr. A. L. 
Wells, the present proprietor, has conducted 
the business under the firm name of A. L. Wells 
& Co. He was born in this city, and is too well 
known here personally to render any further 
comment necessary. He handles Furniture of 
every description, including Folding Chairs, 
Rattan Goods, Parlor and Chamber Sets, etc., 
and no house in this State is in a position to 
oflFer more genuine bargains, or is worthy of 
more absolute confidence. Tlais may seem an 

unqualified endorsement, and so it undoubted- 
ly is and is meant to be, for it is impossible for 
any fair-minded and unprejudiced person to in- 
vestigate the past record and future prospects 
of this concern, without feeling that it is deserv- 
ing of the most liberal support, and that the in- 
ducements offered by it are worthy the atten- 
tion of every intelligent buyer. Besides hand- 
ling Furniture, Mr. Wells is a competent Fune- 
ral Director, and extensive dealings are had iia 

Coffins, Caskets. Hurial Robes, etc., a large stock 
of these goods being carried, and the prices on 
the same being placed at remarkably low fig- 
ures. No 7 bridge's Block. Water Street, is the 
address of Messrs. A. L. Weils & Co., and no 
one wanting anything in their line can afford to 
pass this establishment. Mr. Wells has been in 
the Furniture business since the end of the 
war, having been with the well-known Furni- 
ture house of Messrs Blake & Co., of Lewiston, 
Me., for sixteen years. He carried a gun in the 
war when only sixteen years old; he belongs to 
the G. A. H., and is also a member of the Free 
Masons and Odd Fellows. That he thoroughly 
understands the business is evident from the 
importance it has attained among similar enter- 
prises in this section, and the prices quoted on 
the goods show that he is prepared to meet all 
competition. Patrons are assured prompt and 
satisfactory service. 




Ghas. K. Partridge, Druggist, Water 
Street, Corner Market Square, aud 0pp. New 
Post Office. This gentleman is one of the best- 
known pharmacists in the State, and the estab- 
lishment conducted by liim on Water Street at 
the Corner of Market Square, directly opposite 
the new Post Office building, is known as one 
of the best appointed in this section. He has 
worked hard to serve his patrons faithfully and 
well, has spared neither time nor expense in 
supplying the very best accommodations obtain- 
able, and has succeeded in establishing a large 
trade which steadily grows from year to year. 
But what is even more gratifying than this 
liberal support is the entire confidence that is 
freely manifested in this establishment by those 
who are best acquainted with its resources, and 
the methods pursued in its management, which 
fairly justify the title of '• Partridge's Old Reli- 
able Drug Store." Mr. Charles K. Partridge 
bought in 1865 the old drug stand, established 
in 1828, on the opposite corner of Market 
Square, where now is located one of E. C. 
Allen's great publishing houses. The conflagra- 
tion of that year swept away his store and 
stock but he secured a lease of his present store 
in Granite Hall Block, then in process of con- 
struction, temporarily locating his business in 
Bridge's Block until his new store was com- 
pleted and ready for occupancy in the spring of 
1866. In 1874 his brother was admitted to the 
business and the firm name became Partridge 
Brothers, but in 1887 Mr. C. K. Partridge again 

assumed full proprietorship, and the record of 
faithful and continuous service from the first is 
one of which he has every reason to be proud. 
The premises measure 24 x 70 feet and contain a 
heavy and varied stock of Drugs, Medicines, 
Chemicals, Proprietary Articles, Atlas Paints, 
Oils and Fancy Goods (for Toilet and similar pur- 
poses.) Mr. Partridge's prices are very moderate 
aud his goods are sure to prove as represented in 
every instance. The facilities at hand for the 
prompt and accurate comi^ounding of physi- 
cian's prescriptions are hardly susceptible of 
improvement, and special attention is given 
to the filling of all such orders. The store and 
laboratory of Mr. Partridge are models of com- 
pleteness and convenience. The valuable stock 
of fresh and reliable drugs, medicines and fancy 
articles is tastefully displayed, and an elegant 
soda fountain is a notable feature of the 
establishment. Experienced assistants are 
employed, the prescription department, how- 
ever, being under the close personal super- 
vision of the proprietor. Mr. Partridge 
is a well-known and lifelong resident of 
Augusta. He was appointed by the Governor 
one of the three Commissioners of Pharmacy, 
on the enactment of the Pharmacy Law in 1877, 
and was first Secretary and afterward President 
of the Board until his resignation from the 
commission. Mr. Partridge prepares many- 
specialties in Medicines of his own invention 
which are favorably known, among them the 
" U. S. Gold" Remedies. 



Gay & Parsons, Man- 
ufacturers, Augusta Ma- 
chine Works, Augusta. In 
the manufacture of hard- 
ware specialties this firm 
occupy .so prominent a po- 
sition as to demand more 
than brief notice in this 
work. The business was 
first commenced in 1879, 
and both gentlemen having 
a practical knowledge of 
the work, a persevering en- 
ergy, and an ambition to 
succeed, have combined in 
making it a prominent fac- 
tor of the business world. 
The premises occupied by 
this house are located on 
Khines' Hill. Their build- 
ings are fitted up with 
every convenience for the 
execution of the various 
manufactures, the machiu- 
eiy being all of the most 
approved designs. From 
twelve to fifteen hands are 
employed by the firm, 
many of whom are experts 
in their special branches of 
the industry. Two floors, 
30x60 feet, are occupied. 
Specialties: all kinds of 
Machine Works, and have 
manufactured for the last 
ten years the "Double Ac- 
tion Ratchet Screw Driver," 
on that alone have some- 
times employed thirty men. 
Have been located in Au- 
gusta in same business 
since 1879. The present 
shop, since 1888. has been 
located on Rhines' Hill. 
We desire to call special 
attention to some of the 
points of real merit that 
make the Ratchet Screw 
Driver a favorite with me- 
chanics, amateurs, and all 
who have occasion to use 
similar tools. The ratchet 
mechanism consists of the 
well-known system of 
Square Toothed Ratchet 
and pawls, which has stuod 
the test of ages, and 
has become the accepted 
and acknowledged stand- 
ard wherever ratchet move- 
ment is required. In ap- 

plying this principle to our Driver we have 
been able to arrange and proportion the vari- 
ous parts so as to combine the greatest possi- 
ble Strength and Durability, and still retain 
that symmetry of form and elegance of style so 
desirable and necessary in first-class tools. 
Their ratchets and pawls are made from Bar 
Steel, and are Extra Long, giving a great 
length of bearing to resist strain and wear. 
The Blades are hand-forged from the best qual- 
ity of steel, carefully tempered and tested. 
The best of material is used throughout. Geo. 
E. Gay was born in Thomaston, Me., and is a 
member of the United Friends. J. H. Parsons 
was born in Harrison, Me., and is a member of 
the Masonic Lodge and United Friends. 

A. J. Hall, Merchant Tailor, 153 Water 
Street, Augusta. With a thorough knowledge 
of the business, and having acquired the repu- 
tation of expert, as a cutter of fashionable cus- 
tom clothing, Mr. A. J. Hall has established, at 
153 Water Street, what is now one of the most 
popular Tailoring establishments in the city. 
It is doubtless equal in every appointment to 
any other in this line in Augusta, and is well 
arranged for the display of stock. The line of 
goods carried is such as to meet the wants of 
the most fastidious and fashionable. The 
stock of woolens, both foreign and domestic, 
shown by Mr. Hall, is from the best manufac- 
turers in America and England, and it embraces 
all the latest novelties. The business was es- 
tablished in 1883, by Mr. Hall, who has ac- 
quired a well-deserved reputation for strict 
attention to business, liberality in all dealings, 
and care in the fit and fashion of garments, 
which qualities are guaranteed perfectly satis- 
factory, this fact having had much to do with 
the success which he has attained. 

C. B. Savage, Dealer in Fine Groceries, 
Flour of all Grades, Selected Teas, Coffees, 
Spices, Meats, etc., also the Celebrated Colburn 
Butter. Among the many houses in Augusta 
that carry a superior grade of Groceries and 
Provisions that now conducted by Mr. C B. 
Savage, located on Cony Street, deserves special 
mention. This house was established in 1867 by 
Green & Haskell, and in 1887 Mr. C. B. Savage 
assumed full proprietorship and has by energy 
and perseverance, attained the position he now 
occupies among the business men of Augusta. 
The business premises occupied by him com- 
prise two floors, each 20x60 feet in dimensions, 
and are admirably arranged for his trade, 
having all necessary facilities for carrying on 
the business. Courteous and obliging assistants 
are constantly employed, while the stock em- 
braces all kinds of staple and fine Groceries, 
Flour of all grades, Selected Teas, Coifees and 
Spices, Fresh and Canned Fruits, Vegetables, 
Meats, etc. A specialty is also made of the 
celebrated Coburn Butter, his facilities for 
handling and furnishing choice goods being 
unsurpassed in this section of the city. Mr. 
Savage is an energetic gentleman of long ex- 
perience in his business, to which he devotes 
his close personal attention thus insuring per- 
fect satisfaction in all respects to his numerous 
patrons. Mr. Savage is a native of Augusta and 
well deserves the success he has attained. 



The Fuller Drug- Store, Established 
1819, Frank R. Partridge, Apothecary, Augusta. 
As an important factor in the growth and 
general progress of the city, the drug trade 
has played no insignificant part as can be 
illustrated by the detailed history of the 
above house, which was established in 1819, by 
Mr. Eben Fuller, and popularly known as the 
Fuller Drug Store. Since 1887 this establish- 
ment has been under the management of its 
present proprietor, Mr. Frank R. Partridge. It 
is located on Water Street, Augusta, occupying 
the first floor, which is 25xn0 feet, with a com- 
modious basement for additional storage. He 
carries an extensive and complete stock of 
Drugs of all descriptions, pure and unadulter- 
ated Chemicals, Patent Medicines, Perfumery, 
Combs, Sponges, Brushes, Soaps, etc., etc., and 
a handsome and elegant assortment of Toilet and 
Fancy Articles, with all such goods as are to be 
found in a well-regulated establishment of this 
kind. There is also carried an assortment of Cut 
Flowers and Floral Designs for any occasion at 
short notice. Two clerks are employed and cus- 
tomers are served and orders filled with the most 
px'ompt and courteous attention. The most 
watchful care is exercised under all circum- 
stances, and particular attention paid to com- 
pounding Physicians' Prescriptions, in the 
preparation of which the utmost accuracy and 
greatest care is shown, using only the purest 
Drugs and Chemicals, thereby enjoying the con- 
fidence of all the physicians in thu city. Mr. 
Partridge is a native of Augusta, and a member 
of the Masonic Order. He is an experienced 
and practical apothecary, winning success by 
"well-directed personal efforts and a determined 
endeavor to promote the interests of his 

liUCius Hill, Dealer in Flour and Choice 
Family Groceries, Water Street, Augusta. As 
a source of food supplies of every kind, the 
city of Augusta will be seen through these 
pages to possess advantages equal if not 
superior to many cities of greater size. Among 
the numerous houses engaged in this line, vve 
note that of Mr. Lucius Hill, which is located 
on Water Street, and which was established in 
1S8G, by the present enterprising manager, and 
has since its start become well and favorably 
known throughout the community for the fine 
quality of its goods as well as the reasonable 
prices maintained. The store which is 20x60 
feet in dimensions has a large basement for 
storage, and is admirably arranged for the dis- 
play of goods dealt in, being finely and fully 
stocked with a carefully selected line of Choice 
Family Groceries and Flour. Families are sup- 
plied with Choice Butter, Fresh Eggs, Fine 
Teas, Pure Coffee and Spices, Sauces, Pickles, 
Preserves, etc. Two efficient assistants are 
employed to wait upon customers, and all 
orders are carefully filled and promptly deliv- 
ered. Mr. Hill is a native of Vermont and a 
member of the Free Masons. We can com- 
mend his house to the attention of our readers 
believing as we do that his facilities, goods and 
terms, are sure to be found desirable, and 
highly satisfactory, and knowing him to be an 
honorable and liberal gentleman in all business 

R. W. Soule, Commission Merchant and 
Auctioneer, Wholesale Dealer in Produce, 
Foreign and Domestic Fruits, Allen's Block, 
Water Street, Aug\xsta. The swift and cheap 
transportation offered now by railways, steam- 
boats, etc., has rendered possible and in fact 
common place many wonderful things, and not 
the le<)st surprising of these is the bringing of 
many tropical fruits, and other productions, to 
our very doors. As such perishable articles 
require prompt and careful handling, in order 
to retain their marketable qualities, there has 
been gradually brought into operation a most 
admirable and complete system, which puts 
them before consumers with the greatest pos- 
sible expedition and economy, but which our 
space forbids more than this allusion. Among 
the Wholesale and Retail Commission Mer- 
chants. Auctioneers, and Dealers in Produce, 
Foreign and Domestic Fruits, etc., in Augusta, 
the house of R. W. Soule holds a high position, 
and since its establishment in 1885 by its pres- 
ent proprietor it has built up a very extensive 
trade. Mr. Soule is a native of Maine and a 
prominent member of the Odd Fellows. The 
four floors and two basements, each 40x60 feet 
in size, occupied by Mr. Soule and located in 
Allen's Block, Water Street, is well stocked 
with a seasonable supply of Produce, etc., in- 
cluding immense quantities of Fruit in its sea- 
son. Tiiree experienced clerks are constantly 
employed and the house is in the possession of 
every facility for procuring and handling these 
delicacies, and customers are found throughout 
the entire State, and are being constantly added 
to, as the many advantages held by Mr. Soule 
are better understood and appreciated. 

Johnson & Percival, Successors to Ken- 
nebec Confectionery ManTy. Manufacturers of, 
and Wholesale and Retail Dealers in Pure 
Candies, Plain and Fancy Cake and Ice Cream 
Made to order. No. 117 Water Street. Among 
the varied industries pursued in Augusta, the 
house of Messrs, Johnson & Percival, Manufac- 
turers and Dealers in Pure Candies holds a 
prominent place in the trade centre. This 
establishment was first established under the 
title of the Kennebec Confectionery Manufac- 
tory, and so conducted until 1886, when Messrs. 
Johnson & Percival assumed full control of the 
business, and during the time since elapsed 
have most ably managed their establishment 
which is located at No. 117 Water Street and 
comprises three floors each covering an area of 
20x60 feet. The extensive manufacturing 
wholesale and retail trade transacted by this 
firm requires the services of five very capable 
and thoroughly experienced assistants. The 
energies of the house are devoted to the manu- 
facture of Pure Candies of every description, 
and Plain and Fancy Cake and Ice Cream are 
made to order in any quantity. Therefore we 
take pleasure in calling the attention of our 
many readers to this first-class and thoroughly 
reliable establishment. The pi'oprietors are 
Mr. J. L. Johnson and Mr. H. W. Percival, both 
natives of Maine, and well known citizens of 
Augusta. Mr. Percival is a member of the 
United Workmen. 




Manufactured by HIRAM CLARK, Augusta, Me. 

The advantage over all other lovr delivery 
wagons consists in the peculiar construction of 
the combination fifth wheel and the low straight 
line draft attachment, the Drop Axle and Fifth 
Wheel Combination being so arranged that the 
wagon can be turned around in a very small 
compass, while the shafts or pole are attached 
at such a point on the drop of axle that a low 
straight-line draft is obtained, which makes the 
wagon haul very light and easy. The body 
rests alike on both axles and only 24 inches 
from the ground, therefore it can be loaded 
and unloaded with very little lifting, also avoid- 
ing the tiresome necessity of climbing off and 
on a high wagon to deliver goods. In the 
manufacture of these wagons great care is taken 
in the selection of stock; nothing but the very 
best oak and hickory is used, and the iron work 
is nicely forged and fitted so as to obtain the 
greatest amount of strength and durability. 
The Drop Axle Delivery Wagon is the most 
desirable wagon for delivering goods ever 
offered to the public. Patented Jan. 31, 1888. 
Manufactured by Hiram Clark, 29 Water Street, 
Augusta, Me. 

Geo. (/. Libby, Dealer in fine Groceries 
and Provisions, Meats of all Kinds, Grain, Feed, 
Cordage, Lime and Cement, 131 Water Street, 
Augusta. The number of concerns in this 
country, engaged in handling what are known 
as "staple" commodities is, of course, some- 
thing enormous, for where there is a population 
of over 60,000,000 souls to be fed, clothed and 
otherwise provided for, it is evident that there 
must be many hands to do the work. As a gen- 
eral rule the merchants of the United States 
are enterprising, sagacious and perfectly reliable, 
so that it requires a special degree of excellence 
to attain distinction, when the average is so 
high and therefore, those firms which have 
gained prominence are all the more worthy of 
mention. One of the foremost of these in this 
city is that now conducted by Mr. Geo. C. 
Libby, engaged in the retail trade of Groceries 
and Provisions, Flour, Grain, Lime, Cement, 

Field and Garden Seeds, at No. 131 '* Water 
Street, for the articles handled by him are 
"staple" in the full sense of the term, being 
uniformly excellent in quality, and such as are 
indispensable in every family. The enterprise 
now carried on by Mr. Libby was founded by 
B. Libby & Co., who gave place to the present 
proprietor in 1887. The premises utilized by 
him comprise two floors and basement each 
22x60 feet in size, and are fully stocked with 
complete lines of the goods handled. Employ- 
ment is given to a sufficient force of assistants,, 
and the service is prompt and courteous. Mr. 
Libby is a native of Augusta, and so well 
known in this community as to hardly need 
personal mention at our hands. He is a prom- 
inent member of the Free Masons, and a thor- 
oughly reliable and well-known citizen and 
business man of Augusta. 

D. Knowlton & Son, Coffins and Caskets, 
Water and Oak Streets, Augusta. If any enter- 
pi'ise is entitledto prominence and confidence 
that of Messrs. D. Knowlton & Son can cer- 
tainly make such claim, as it ranks among the 
most reliable Coffin and Casket Manufacturing 
establishments in this city. This business was 
established in 1822 by the senior partner of the 
present firm and during the sixty-seven years 
elapsed since then, this house has under its 
energetic and capable management enjoyed an 
uninterrupted success. The proprietors possess 
an extensive experience in all branches of their 
business, and by care and industry they have 
built up a larsie and steadily increasing retail 
trade in all styles of Coffins and Caskets. The 
premises utilized for this business are located 
on Oak Street, and comprise three floors each 
60x25 feet in dimensions and are equipped with 
every necessary requisite for the proper con- 
duct of the business. Every department of the 
enterprise is in fact well organized and under a 
thorough control. Mr. Chas. Knowlton is a 
native of Augusta and enjoys a high reputation 
as a citizen and reliable business man. 



B. F. Parrott & Co., Wholesale Flour, 
Grain and Feed, Augusta. One of Augusta's 
old-established enterprises is that conducted by 
Messrs. B. F. Parrott & Co., on Water Street, 
for it is over 30 years since this undertaking was 
begun, it having been founded in 1858. The 
concern does a wholesale business, handling 
Flour, Grain, Corn, Oats, Shorts, etc., very 
extensively, and occupying two floors of the 
dimensions of 55x100 feet, respectively. A 
well appointed Grist Mill is run in connection 
with the enterprise, so that Messrs. B. F. Par- 
rott & Co., are certainly in a position to supply 
anything in their line at manufacturers' prices. 
The flour produced by this house is in active 
demand among retailers, for they have found it 
to be a favorite article with their customers, 
who appreciate a fresh and pure article. 
Horse-owners, Stablekeepers, etc., also express 
a decided preference for the Feed coming from 
this concern as they say it is more uniform 
in quality thau any they are able to obtain 
elsewhere. However this may be, it is at all 
events sure that Messrs. B. F. Parrott & Co., do 
a very large business, and spare no pains to 
give their customers entire satisfaction. Or- 
ders are filled at very short notice and the low- 
est market rates are invariably quoted at this 

A. D. Ward, Formerly of Ward & Cogan, 
Plumbing and Steam Heating, Furnaces, Ranges 
and Kitchen Goods, Hardware, Iron and Steel, 
Paints, Oils and Varnishes, Carriage Stock, 
Agricultural and Carpenters' Tools, Cutlery, 
&c., 163 Water Street, Augusta. Mr. A. D. 
Ward needs no introduction to our Augusta 
readers for they will remember him as a mem- 
ber of the firm of Ward & Cogan as well as by 
the accommodations he has extended to the 
public since inaugurating his present enterprise 
in 1887. Mr. Ward was born in this city and is 
connected with the Free Masons. For a num- 
ber of years he has been prominently identified 
with the Plumbing, and Steam Heating business, 
and no man is considered a more competent au- 
thority on such subjects. His establishment at 
163 Water Street comprises five flooi-s of the 
dimensions of 20x.55 feet, and contains an unusu- 
ally heavy and complete stock of Furnaces, 
Ranges, Stoves, Kitchen Goods, Hardware, Iron, 
Steel, Paints, Oils and Varnishes, together 
with Carriage Stock, Agricultural and Carpen- 
ters' Tools, Cutlery, etc., not forgetting a full 
line of Plumbing and Steam Heating apparatus, 
Supplies, etc. Both a wholesale and retail busi- 
ness is done and employment given to twelve 
competent assistants, thus enabling Mr. Ward 
to promise prompt and skillful attention to 
orders, and the carrying out of the most dfficult 
work in superior manner and at reasonable 
rates. Plumbing cannot be done too carefully 
or too thoroughly, and much annoyance and not 
a little sickness would be avoided if the public 
were to remember this fact and place their 
orders only at such reliable establishments as 
that conducted by Mr. Ward, Steam Heating 
plants will be set up and warranted to give 
entire satisfaction and save fuel, and in 
this as in other departments, the charges made 
are very moderate. 

Henry W. Bicknell, Dealer in Tea, Cof- 
fee and Fancy Groceries, No. 158 Water Street, 
Augusta. While it is not the purpose of this 
book to praise one business enterprise at the 
expense of others, still the right has been exer- 
cised of calling attention to really meritorious 
establishments of all kinds, and it is in pur- 
suance of this policy that we give space to a 
consideration of the enterprise of which Mr, 
Henry W, Bicknell is the proprietor, and which 
is carried on at No, 158 Water Street, Augusta. 
This gentleman is engaged in the retailing of 
Choice Family Groceries of various kinds and 
makes a specialty of handling of such staple 
products as Teas, Coffees, etc., and in addition 
to these goods Mr, Bicknell carries a fine line of 
Cigars and Tobacco. He began operations in 
1881, and has built up a liberal degree of patron- 
age, for his business methods are such as to 
inspire general confidence and he has invari- 
ably made it a point to practice none but legiti- 
mate means of extending his trade. The prem- 
ises occupied are composed of one floor and 
basement, each 20x50 feet in size, and all the 
available space is taken up in accommodating 
the stock carried, for this is both large and. 
varied and will compare favorably with that of 
more than one store of greater pretensions. 
The prices too are as they should be, and those 
who wish to deal at an establishment where fair 
dealing, and a liberal spirit are always obsei'v- 
able, would do well to place a trial order at 
least with Mr. Bicknell, for we are assured that 
he stands ready to do his part toward estab- 
lishing a connection that must of necessity 
prove pleasant and mutually profitable. 

Bennett's Oyster and Dining-Rooms, 192 
Water Street, Augusta. " Good Food, Neatness 
and Cleanliness," are about all the attributes to 
be looked for in a first-class dining-room and as 
these are made specialties at the establishment 
conducted by Mr. I. Bennett, at No. 192 Water 
Street, Augusta, it is not to be wondered at that 
this is one of the most popular restaurants in 
the city and is doing a business that increases 
as the reputation of the accommodations ex- 
tended to guests become more widely known. 
The enterprise to which we have reference was 
inaugurated in 1868, and at once leaped into 
popularity as it was evident from the beginning 
that Mr. Bennett was determined to give his 
customers not fair but liberal treatment. He is 
a native of Augusta, and no man with whom 
we are acquainted has a more intimate knowl- 
edge of the business in which he is engaged. 
This restaurant comprises two floois, each 
65x35 feet in dimensions, and its dining-rooms 
are tastefully and conveniently fitted up. for the 
comfort of its many patrons. Employment 
is given to three experienced and courteous 
assistants. Food is served promptly as well as 
temptingly and the prices are put so low that 
no one need go hungry against his will. A 
large trade is also carried on in Oysters which 
are served in all styles of cooking and may be 
had at all hours. The same qualities which 
have won popularity for Mr. Bennett's Dining- 
Rooms are manifested in this department of 
his trade. We commend this restaurant to all 
our interested readers as an honorably con- 
ducted and first-class establishment. 



T. Fuller & Son, Wholesale and Retail 
Dealers in Groceries, Provisions and Country 
Produce, Lambard Block, Water Street. Largely 
engaged in the wholesale and retail branches of 
the Grocery and Provision business we would 
mention Messrs. T. Fuller & tSon, who have for 
the past twenty-four years been recognized as 
among the prominent business nun concerned 
in promoting the commercial interests of Au- 
gusta. This business was established in 1865 
by Messrs. Fuller & Son, and from its inception 
gave promise of vitality, which the succeeding 
years have only rendered more apparent. The 
premises occupied for trade purposes comprise 
a store and basement, each 20x60 feet in dimen- 
sions, and is located in Lambard Block, Water 
Street. The stock is without exception one of 
the most complete in the city. They carry an 
immense stock of Groceries, Provisions and 
Country Produce, and are enabled to suit the 
large variety of tastes catered to, and every- 
thing is sold at the most reasonable market 
prices. The extensive wholesale and retail 
business transacted requires the services of 
four very capable assistants, and it may be 
safely asserted that in freshness, quality, and 
special variety, the stock carried here, has no 
superior in the city. Messrs. T. & A. T. Fuller 
are both natives of Augusta, where they are 
widely known and esteemed. 

F. L. Hersey, Dealer in Boots and Shoes, 
No. 1.56 Water Street, Augusta. What was un- 
known to our ancestors is now an imperative 
necessity for us. We speak of the retail Boot 
and Shoe stores. Formerly the local shoemaker 
was the pride of St. Crispin for the whole 
parish, and all the people submitted their 
understandings to him. Now all average 
shaped feet are supplied from immense and 
economically managed boot and shoe factories. 
American machinery, particularly Sewing Ma- 
chines, and American genius in meeting all 
diflSculties and surmounting them, are respon- 
sible for the great and beneficial change. 
Among other enterprising business men en- 
gaged in the boot and shoe trade in this city is 
Mr. F. L. Hersey, who keeps one of the finest 
assortments of ready made Boots and Shoes, 
for Ladies, Gentlemen, Youths, and Children, 
and at prices sure to suit the times, and cus- 
tomers' pockets. This enterprise was estab- 
lished by its present proprietor in 1878, and is 
located at 156 Water Street, and consists of a 
store and basement, where is transacted a live 
business in the above named line of goods. 
Mr. Hersey is well known among the repre- 
sentative business men and citizens of Augusta. 
His establishment is known all over the county 
as the Boston Boot and Shoe Store. Prices the 
lowest, as this store is the only one of its kind 
which transacts a strictly cmh business, 

Georgre S. Ballard, Dealer in Crockery, 
Glass, Plated and Britannia Ware, Manuf r of 
all descriptions of Tin Work, Augusta. There 
is no house in Augusta with better facilities for 
supplying Crockery than that of Mr. George 
S. Ballard. No. 165 Water Street. The premises 
which are desirably located, comprise two 
floors, each 20x60 feet in dimensions, and the 
stock in trade is very complete, comprising 
everything beautiful and desirable in the wide 

range of Crockery, Glass, and Plated Ware, 
plain and ornamented in beautiful designs, and 
suited to all requirements of the general public. 
In quality, variety, and prices, Mr. Ballard may 
safely invite comparison with any competing 
house in this city. He supplies Britannia Ware, 
Plain and Japanned Ware, and Fancy Goods of 
every description. He is also a Manufacturer 
of all descriptions of Tin Work, and has by his 
square dealing and energy, established himself 
in a prosperous retail trade which is steadily 
increasing. Mr. Ballard is a native of West- 
brook, Me., and has been established since 1857. 

Pbilbrook & Leigh ton. Dealers in For- 
eign and Domestic Dry Goods, No. 172 Water 
Street. Among the prominent merchants en- 
gaged in -this important branch of industry, 
we are pleased to call attention to Messrs. Phil- 
brook & Leighton whose fine and complete 
establishment ranks among the leading houses 
of its kind in Augusta. This house was estab- 
lished by the above-named gentlemen in 1882, 
and has already gained a large share of public 
favor. They occupy two floors of the handsome 
building located at No. 172 Water Street, cover- 
ing an area, each of 22x60 feet in dimensions. 
They carry a large and finely selected stock of 
Dry and Fancy Goods, consisting of the newest 
domestic and mostpopular foreign importations 
in the Dry Goods line. The extensive retail 
trade already acquired by this house requires 
the services of three thoroughly experien ced 
assistants and the details of the business are 
most ably managed under the direct personal 
supervision of the proprietors. The individual 
members of the firm are Mr. A, W, Philbrook 
and Mr, W. B. Leighton, both natives of Au- 
gusta, and well and favoi-ably known in social 
as well as business circles. They are men of 
rare natural ability and enjoy in a pre-eminent 
degree the respect and confidence of all who do 
business with them. 

E. Stone, Dealer in Coal, No, 123 Water 

Street. If the public needed to be reminded 
how important Coal had become during the 
last 25 or .30 years, they certainly have been 
given that reminder by the numerous and seri- 
ous labor troubles that brought about so pro- 
nounced a shortage in the supply last winter, 
and it is perfectly safe to say that more than 
one worried householder or manufacturer 
declared that if the time ever came when coal 
returned to its normal price, he would lay in a 
supply that would tide him safely over any 
such condition of affairs in the future. No 
house in Maine enjoys a better reputation as 
regards the handling of Coal in large or small 
lots, than does that conducted by Mr. E. Stone, 
at No. 12.3 Water Street, and nowhere else can 
oi'ders be placed with a more well-founded as- 
surance that they will receive instant and care- 
ful attention, Mr, Stone was born in Gardiner 
and is connected with the Odd Fellows, He 
has been identified with his present enterpi'ise 
since 1884 and has built up an extensive and 
permanent trade of which he may well be 
proud. Both a wholesale and retail business is 
done and employment is afforded to eight 
assistants. All the standard grades of Coal are 
handled, and the very lowest market rates are 
quoted on all kinds and sizes. 



Dirij^o Siisiness CoUege^ R. B. 

Capeii, Water Street, Opposite Post 
Office, Augusta. That a prejudice 
exists aj^aiust Business Colleges in 
some quarters is undeniably true, and 
that this prejudice is not entirely 
lacking in foundation, is also a fact 
that must be acknowledged however 
it may be deplored. But it should be 
remembered that the faults of some 
institutions of this character should 
not in common justice be visited upon 
others that are conducted on radically 
different principles, and if some Busi- 
ness Colleges are more theoretical than 
practical, there are others that be- 
stow upon those attending them a 
valuable business training, unattain- 
able by any other means than those 
pi ovided by years of ill-paid drudgery 
at otiice-work. We speak with some 
earnestness, as our observations of 
practical business methods in this 
and in other States, have caused us to 
fully realize that a year spent under 
competent tuition will make a young 
man more valuable to his employers 
than an experience extending over 
four times that period in so-called 
"practical business life." The " Di- 
ri^o Business College." located on 
Water Street, opposite the Post Office, has been 
in operation siuce 1863, and doubtless many of 
our readeis are by this time conversant witli its 
merits. It is conducted by Mr. R. B. Capen, 
whose record as a progressive and conscientious 
educator is ample guarantee that the institution 
under his charge will not suffer for lack of 
skilled and painstaking direction. It is Mr. 
Capen 's aim to prepare his pupils for the duties 
of commercial life, to ground them thoroughly 
in the principles and practice of correspond- 
ence, banking, etc., and in short to so equip 
them that they will be able to use their natural 
abilities to the best advantage and successfully 
engage in the grand " competitive examination " 
going on constantly in all parts of the civilized 
world. Nothing is neglected that can aid in 
securing this end and particular attention is 
paid to the teaching of the " New Short-Hand " 
for " time is money," nowadays, and a knowl- 
edge of the art of Short-hand means the ability 
to save your employer time, and consequently 
money. The terms of tuition are very reason- 
able and further information will be cheerfully 
given by Mr. Capen on application. 

H. H. Hamlen, Harness Manufacturer and 
Dealer in Saddles, Harnesses, Blankets, Robes 
and Trunks. H. H. Hamlen at his store on 
Water Street, Augusta carries a large stock of 
Harnesses of all kinds, manufactured by him- 
self. He sells at both wholesale and retail, and 
his trade extends throughout Maine and New 
England. He also carries a very large line of 
Fur Robes, Wool and Plush Lap-Robes, Horse 
Blankets, Whips and Horse Goods of all 
descriptions, also Trunks, Bags, Extension 
Cases, etc. Having been in business in Au- 
gusta, where he was born, more than thirty 
years, he is well kuown and has the confidence 
of the community. 

Davis, Farr & Co. (Successors to Benja- 
min Davis & Co., Established 1817), General In- 
surance Agency, 129 Water Street, nearly oppo- 
site Post-office, Augusta. The amount of in- 
surable property in Augusta and its immediate 
vicinity, reaches a very high sum total, and if 
it is not all fully covered by policies in reliable 
companies, it is not by any means the fault of 
our insurance agents, for no more active or en- 
ergetic a set of men can be found in any busi- 
ness. Among those who have already attained 
a high position in this fraternity, are Messrs. 
Davis, Farr & Co.. Fire and Life Insui-ance 
Agents, located at No. 129 Water Street, nearly- 
opposite the Post-office. This agency was orig- 
inally established in 1817 by Mr. Benjamin Da- 
vis, and conducted by him until 1879, when the 
firm name was changed to Davis, Farr & Co. 
These gentlemen announce that they are pre- 
pared to "place insurance in reliable compa- 
nies at honest rates," and as no more than this 
can be asked by the most exacting customer, 
it is not surprising that they have found plenty 
of business to attend to. Prominent among 
the organizations represented are the Hartford, 
of Hartford, Phoenix, of Hartford, National, of 
Hartford, Home, of New York, Phenix, of 
New York, German American, of New York, 
Fi-anklin, of Philadelphia, Fire Association, of 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, of Philadelphia, 
Royal, of England, Imperial, of England, Liv- 
erpool, London & Globe, of England, Mutual 
Life, of New York. These are noted through- 
out the eountry for their fair dealing and 
promptness in the settlement of losses. Mr. 
Farr is a native of Litchfield, Me., and well and 
favorably known in this community. He is a 
member of the Free Masons, Knight Templars, 
and Odd Fellows. He has also held the office 
of Town Collector and Supervisor of Schools 
in Litchfield. 



Thomas M. Baker, Dealer in Groceries 
and Meats, Darby Block. Augusta. It is the 
opinion of experts that certain Augusta houses 
show as large and desirable variety of the goods 
in which they deal as is to be found in similar 

establishments located in cities of much greater 
size and pretensions. For example they point 
to the store of Thomas M. Baker located at No. 
1 Darby Block, Augusta, and ask where a finer 
assoi'tment of Groceries of all kinds and Meats 
are to be found. The stock shown in the em- 
porium is certainly a fii'st-class and varied one, 
and it is hard to see what is lacking to make it 
perfect in all its details. This house was first 
founded by Messrs. Baker & Longfellow in 1877, 
and in 1882 the firm-name was changed to 
Baker & Yeaton, and in 1885 Mr. Thomas M. 
Baker, assumed full control. The present new 
premises occupied cover an area of 55x20 feet, 
and is finely stocked with a choice assortment 
of everything in the above mentioned line of 
merchandise. The services of two competent 
assistants are required to wait upon the many 
customers who daily throng this establishment. 
Mr. Baker is a native of Maine and all repre- 
sentations made by himself or his clerks may be 
confidently relied upon and accepted with the 
utmost confidence. 

W. R. Stone, Dealer in Fine Boots, Shoes, 
and Rubbers, Repairing Neatly and Promptly 
Done, Darby Block, No. 189 Water Street, 
Augusta. As the boot and shoe trade of 
Augusta forms a significant element in the 
make up of the city's enterprises, in referring 
to the above house it may be statetl that the 
special line to which its best energies ai-e con- 
fined is the handling of medium and first-class 
lines of Boots, Shoes and Rubbers. He carries 
some of the finest goods manufactured in New 
England. This house was established in 188;3, 
by Mr. W. R. Stone, since which date this gen- 
tleman has so successfully managed his large 
retail trade, that to-day his house ranks among 

the first in the city engaged in the shoe trade. 
Premises located at No. 189 Water Street, 
Darby Block, covering an area of 50x22 feet are 
utilized, and the assistance of experienced 
clerks are required, in addition to the close per- 
sonal supervision of the proprietor. A specialty 
is made of repairing of all kinds included in 
this branch of business, which is neatly and 
promptly done. Mr. Stone is a native of 
Palermo, Me., well known in this city and a 
prominent member of the Masons and Odd 
Fellows. In conclusion we will remark, that 
while we do not indulge in laudation of any 
house in particular, it shall be within our prov- 
ince to state to the trade and our readers that 
if they would have their interests highly con- 
served the acquaintance of this house should be 

H. L. Stone, Agent for Columbia Bicycles 
and Tricycles. 189 Water Street, Darby Block, 
Augusta. The ingenious and enthusiastic 
wheelman who divided cyclists up into two 
parts — " those who ride Columbias and those 
who would if they knew enough," might have 
been a little extreme in his statement, but he 
will be readily pardoned by those who have 
made practical trial of the famous Columbia 
wheels. From the "Mustang" of 1878 to the 
"Light Roadster" of ten years later, is a great 
stride, and yet the manufacture of the Columbia 
'Cycles have not the least reason to be ashamed 
of the "Mustang" and "Standard Columbia" 
of the fii'st-named date, for they were the em- 
bodiment of the most advanced ideas of the 
time, as the "Light Roadster" and "Expert" 
of the present day are. It is in this constant 
progression, in this never ending desire to pro- 
duce the best wheel possible, that the chief 
element of the wonderful popularity of the 
Columbia Machines is to be found, and we hon- 
estly believe that to-day for use on American 
roads, and especially the hilly ones of this 
State, there is not a Bicycle or a Tricycle in the 
world that can compete with the Pope Manu- 
facturing Company's production. Strength, 
rigidity, lightness, ease of propulsion, cheapness 
of repairing — all these are combined in these 
mac^jines and we do not wonder that since Mr. 
H. L. Stone, the resident agent, began opera- 
tions in 1885, he has been very successful in 
increasing the number of Columbia riders. 
His office is in Darby Block, No. 189 Water 
Street, and those wishing any information in 
the bicycle line would do well to give him a 
call, as he is very well informed on the subject 
and is willing to cheerfully give any informa- 
tion in his power. He can supply wheels at 
Boston prices and every one sold is fully 

Oscar H. Groves, Manufacturer of Parlor 
Furniture, No. 207 Water Street, Augusta. It 
is hardly necessary to say that Parlor Furni- 
ture when it is ready for use looks decidedly 
different from what it does when in process of 
manufacture, but for all that, no one who has 
never visited such an establishment as is con- 
ducted by Mr. Oscar H. Groves at No. 207 
Water Street, has any adequate idea of the 
many operations that must be gone through 
with before the finished product is ready for 



.the market. Carelessness or undue haste in 
the carrying out of any of these operations 
may make a decided difference in the durability 
^nd real value of the article bandied, and it is 
chiefly owing to the painstaking care that is 
observed in this respect that the Furniture pro- 
duced by Mr, Groves bears so high and enviable 
a reputation among dealers and others ac- 
quainted with its merits. The gentleman 
alluded to was born in this State and is con- 
nected with the Odd Fellows, inaugurating his 
present enterprise in 1881. The premises util- 
ized comprise two floors of the dimensions of 
30x50 feet, and employment is afforded to 
seven skilled assistants. Mr. Groves' busi 

M. S. Moulton & Co., Dealer in Fish 
of all kinds, Oysters a Specialty, Water Street, 
Augusta. In these days of rapid progress and 
forgetfulness, what was unheard of yesterday 
is practiced to-day and forgotten to-morrow, so 
that we accept quite, as a matter of course, 
things tbat to our ancestors, and even ourselves, 
at an earlier date would have been looked upon 
as the wild dreaming of a madman. Among 
these may be mentioned the system, now prac- 
ticed as an ordinary function of the govern- 
ment, of stocking our ponds, rivers, lakes, and 
even the ocean itself, with fish. The impor- 
tance of Fish as a food supply for the people is 
just beginning to be rated at its full value, and 

ness is entirely manufacturing and whole- it is not too much to expect tbat under the 
sale, and he offers special inducements to influence of improved methods of fish culture, 
dealers who will introduce his goods into new despite the increased consumption, fish will be 

localities, guaranteeing that both the workman- 
ship and the price of his furniture will be satis- 

Geo. O. Ayer, Photo. Artist, Corner Bridge 
and Water Streets, Augusta. Photography has 
come into great prominence of late years, and 
its application to the art of engraving and other 
industries has been of much service in facilitat- 
ing work, and saving much unnecessary and 
wearisome detail. Although largely used for 
mechanical purposes, photography at its best is 
by no means a mechanical art, and the truth of 
this statement will, we think, be apparent to 
all after a little consideration. A successful and 
artistic photographer, must not only have an 
intimate and perfect acquaintance with the 
various processes necessary in obtaining a per- 
manent and satisfactory picture, but he must 
also know under what conditions of light, etc., 
the exposure of the plate can best be made, and 
must arrange so as to secure these as nearly as 
possible. It is right here that the chief differ- 
ence becomes apparent between an artist and a 
bungler, and it is right here that Mr. Gejo. O. 
Ayer, at the - - . - 

cheaper and more plentiful in the future than 
has been the case in the past. A well-known 
house engaged in the fish trade in Augusta is 
that now conducted by M. S. Moulton & Co., 
retail dealer in all kinds of Fish, Oysters^ 
Clams, etc. This enterprise was inaugurated in 
1875 by B. S. Wright & Co., who were succeeded 
in 1881 by the present proprietor, who since 
that date has conducted the bu.siness under the 
style of M. S. Moulton & Co. Mr. Moulton was 
the Co., of Wright & Co., and managed that 
business since its inception in 1875. Mr. 
Moulton is a native of New Hampshire, and is a 
member of the Free Masons. The premises 
occupied cover an area of 20x60 feet and a large 
retail business is done, requiring the services of 
two thoroughly capable assistants. A large 
stock is constantly carried and goods are 
promptly supplied at rates that will compare 
very favorably with those quoted by other 

Auffiista Marble Works, Robert Fox, 

proprietor. Cony Street, Augusta, Me. It is not 

corner of Bridge and Water I to be wondered at that people are very apt to 

Streets, this city, has clearly shown his 
superiority. He began business operations for 
himself in 1880, and conducted the business 
personally until 1885, when he bought out a 
Photographic Gallery in East Boston, at No. 74 
Meridian Street, and has ever since, most of the 

find themselves at a loss when suddenly called 
upon to place an order for a Monument, or for 
cemetery work of any kind, for knowledge of 
the most reputable and able house concerned in 
the production of such articles is not generally 
distributed, and hence it is hard to. determine 

time remained in that city. When this addi- whom to patronize. If any of our readers are 
tion took place he left his gallery in this city in this undecided condition, we feel that we are 
in charge of Mr. J. F. Libby, who is considered doing them a real service by calling their atten- 
as Augusta's most tasteful and skillful photo- tion to the work turned out at the Augusta 
grapher. He is extremely courteous and ac- 1 Marble Works on Cony Street, for Mr. Robert 

commodating, and enjoying the patronage of 
the elite of the city, and being a thorough 
artist, he has succeeded in making this place 
known all over the country. He is well assist- 
ed by Mrs. Ella Jones, a sister to Mr. Ayers, 
who is in charge of the printing department, 
and by viewing at the gallery the large variety 

Fox, the proprietor of this establishment, pro- 
duces Monuments, Gravestones, etc., that are 
fully equal to the best, and his prices are 
more moderate than those generally placed on 
work of the highest order of excellence. The 
enterprise to which we have reference was start- 
ed in 1884, and soon received liberal and cordial 

of work done during the year 1887, and by i support, as it was plainly evident from the start 
closely inspecting the views of private resi- { that Mr. Fox had no desire but to fully satisfy 

' ■' ' ' every customer. He shows a varied collection 

of beautiful and tasteful designs for Monuments, 
Headstones, and everything in that line, and 
will cheerfully give estimates of the probable 
cost of cemetery work of any kind, and guar- 
antee that he can carry out the same to the sat- 
isfaction of his patrons. Three assistants are 
employed, and orders are filled at very short no- 

dences, etc., taken by Mr. Libby, and ornament 
ing the cosy waiting-room, we are bound to 
acknowledge that by leaving this gallery in 
charge of such an able artist as Mr. Libby and 
his assistant, Mrs. E. Jones, that Mr. Ayer is a 
judge of true artists, and such a business con- 
ducted in such a courteous and artistic way is 
bound to succeed beyond the usual expecta- 



Pinkham & Sherburne, Props, of the 
Boston Branch Clothing House, 132 Water Street, 
Augusta. When the average citizen makes up 
his mind to buy anything, he wants to be con- 
vinced regarding the following points before 
placing his order : First, are the goods reliable. 
Second, are they of good style, and third, are 
they offered at the lowest market rates. No 
one wants to pay more for an article than it is 
worth, and certainly this is a very excusable 
feeling, for the most of us have to work hard 
enough for our money, and when we throw it 
away, we like to do so with our eyes open and 
not unwittingly. Now Pinkham & Sherburne, 
who carry on the Boston Branch Clothing Store 
at No. lo2 Water Street, announce that they are 
prepared to supply anything in their line at the 
" lowest living ijrices," and as they sell not only 
Clothing but also Furnishing Goods, Hats and 
Caps, Underwear, Traveling Bags, Rubber 
Coats. Umbrellas, etc., it will be seen that their 
" line " is a tolerably extensive one. This busi- 
ness which was formerly conducted by E. G. 
Storer came into the possession of the present 
firm in Oct. 1888. They occupy premises measur- 
ing 20x40 feet and if they have any space to spare 
it escaped our attention, for it certainly seemed 
as if the stock covered everything. The busi- 
ness corresponds with their stock, for it is very 
extensive indeed and is increasing with steadi- 
ness and rapidity. This firm employ purely 
legitimate methods and have built up their 
present trade by hard work and good judgment. 
They buy cheap and sell cheap and always give 
an equivalent for every penny received. 

J. M. Mixer, Druggist. No. 4 Bridge Block, 
Water Street, Augusta. No man can be en- 
gaged in any particular line of business for sev- 
eral years without becoming comparatively ex- 
pert and well informed in it, and particularly 
is this the case with one who is well fitted 
naturally to conduct such an enterprise as he 
has chosen, and who has made a careful study 
of the theory as well as had a large experience 
in the practice of the line of trade with which 
he is identified. Mr. J. M. Mixer of No. 4 
Bridge Block, 194 Water Street, needs no intro- 
duction to the residents of Augusta for he has 
carried on a first-class pharmacy in this city 
since 1886, and it is a very significant fact that 
those who are the most thoroughly familiar 
with his business methods speak in the warm- 
est terms of the advantages of trading with 
him and "practice what they preach," by 
giving him their exclusive patronage in the 
purchase of Drugs, Toilet Articles, etc. The 
premises occupied by Mr. Mixer comprises one 
of the handsomest Drug Stores in Augusta, 
covering an area of 50x2.5 feet, and fitted up in 
the most approved style, with a fine high, 
frescoed ceiling and mosaic floor and the stock 
includes Drugs, Medicines and Chemicals of all 
descriptions and every facility is at hand to aid 
in the compounding of physicians' prescriptions, 
or family receipts. Two competent and cour- 
teous clerks are employed and this establish- 
ment is noted for the accurate and prompt man- 
ner in which all orders and patrons are served. 
Pure and fresh ingredients only are used, and 
no exorbitant prices are ever charged, while all 
annoying delays are avoided. 

J. R. Manchester, House and Sign Paint- 
er, Grainer, Glazier and Paper Hanger, Dealer 
in Paints, Oils and Colors, Cony Street, Augusta. 
One of the well managed and thoroughly relia- 
ble Painting and Paper Hanging establishments 
in Augusta, is that conducted by Mr. J. R. 
Manchester located on Cony Street. It was 
founded in 1886 by its present proprietor, and 
since that time has won a wide custom arid 
reputation for the finest work, as the fitting 
rew ard of business enterprise, and careful atten- 
tion to the wants of patrons. The proprietor 
by long experience and thorough knowledge of 
every department of his business is admirably 
fitted to superintend the finest class of work, 
and is enabled to do this at unusually reason- 
able rates. He employs five thoroughly skilled 
assistants, and the large number of houses 
which he has painted and decorated in the 
most approved and beautiful styles, bear ample 
testimony to the high character of his work. 
He is prepared to fill all orders for House and 
Sign Painting, Graining, Glazing and Paper 
Hanging, and also deals in Paints, Oils and 
Colors of all kinds. He does the finest kinds of 
Graining and Wood-finishing and in every 
respect his work is first class. All patrons may 
place the most perfect confidence in his honor- 
able dealings and skilled and satisfactory work. 
Mr. Manchester is a native of Augusta and takes 
an active and honorable part in the commercial 
and social life of the city. 

Henry M. Faught, Manufacturer of and 
Dealer in every description of Cemetery Work 
in Marble and Granite, both Foreign and 
Domestic, Water Street, Augusta. The selec- 
tion of an appropriate monument or headstone, 
is generally a task of no small magnitude and 
of no little delicacy, for the choice must be 
governed by so many considerations that each 
individual case demands individual treatment. 
Under some circumstances a tall slender shaft 
of marble conveys the proper effect, while 
under other conditions a massive block of 
granite is more satisfying and appropriate. In 
fact no general rule can be given, and the best 
that can be done is to visit an establishment 
where ample facilities are at hand for the 
supplying of anything in the line of Cemetery 
work and taking advantage of the opportunities^ 
there offered for study and comparison. Such 
an enterprise is that carried on by Mr. Henry 
M. Faught on Water Street, the premises util- 
ized conprising two floors and a basement, of 
the dimensions of 27x53 feet, and an extensive 
stock of Marble and Granite, both Foreign and 
American, in the rough and finished, being at 
hand to select from. Mr. Faught has conducted 
his present undertaking since 1883 and does a 
very large business, both retail and contracting. 
He employs seven skilled assistants and there 
is no house of which we have knowledge that is 
capable of rendering more uniformly first-class 
and satisfactory service to its patrons. Enjoy- 
ing special facilities as regards the purchase of 
Foreign and Domestic Marble and Granite, Mr. 
Faught makes it a point to give his customers 
the benefit of his favorable relations with pro- 
ducers and hence fixes his prices at remarkably 
low rates. 



Ghas. H. Nasoii, Merchant Tailor, Manu- 
facturer of Fine Ready-M;ifle Clothins and 
Dealer in Hats. Caps, and Furnisliinoj (ioods, 
135, 137 and 139 Water Street " Fine feathers " 
may not make " fine birds." but they are very 
apt to exert a powerful influence in that direc- 
tion, and if the other old sayin:i, "birds of a 
feather flock together," be considered, it will be 
seen that those who take no p;iins with their 
dress and are slovenly and unattractive in 
appearance are very apt to be classed on a plane 
below those who are more careful. It pays to 
dress well. This may be accepted as an axiom 
and, within reasonable bminds. no young man 
can spend too much on his clothing. But he 
can throw away money by not baying to the 
best advantage, and right here we want to say 
that no better establishment can be found to 
deal at than that conducted by Mr Charles H. 
Nason at Nos. 135, 137 and 139 Water Street. 
This gentleman is a native of Halloweli, a 
member of the Free Masons and the Odd Fel- 
lows, and one of the most enlerpiising and at 
the same time reliable businessmen in Augusta. 
Two floors and a basement are occupied by 
him, the premises being of the dimensions of 
50x60 feet and a magnificent st »ck carried con- 
sisting of Fine Ready Made Clothing, Hats, 
Caps, Furnishing Goods, etc. Mr. Nason is a 
Manufacturer of Ready-Made Clothing and 
hence can offer such goods at bottom prices. 
He also does a very extensive Merchant Tailor- 
ing business, carrying a fine supply of Foreign 
and Domestic Woolens in stock, and making 
garments to order at but a slight advance over 
ready-made prices, perfection of fit and general 
satisfaction being guaranteed. Employment is 
afforded to 45 efficient assistants and orders can 
be filled at remarkably short notice, while the 
assortment of ready-made garments contains 
sizes and varieties to fit men of all figures. 

James E. Puller, Wholesale and Retail 
Grocer, 123 and 127 Water Street, Augusta. 
No matter what part of the country be visited, 
Maine or California, Minnesota or Texas — it 
will be found that the Grocery business is one 
of the most important branches of trade and 
that it absorbs a large share of the ability and 
capital of the community. Truly we must "eat 
to live" and the articles included under the 
general head " Groceries " are so many and so 
indispensable that existence would be practi- 
cally impossible without them. Of course, 
then. Groceries are in great demand and estab- 
lishments devoted to their sale are many and 
extensive, but few among them are worthy of 
more careful consideration than that conducted 
by Mr. James E. Fuller at Nos. 123 and 127 
Water Street, for this is one of the most popular 
houses of the kind in Maine, and enjoys an ex- 
tremely heavy and constantly increasing patron- 
age. Seven floors are utilized of the dimen- 
sions of 22x60 feet, together with a store-house 
of ample proportions, and it is hardly neces- 
sary to add after calling attention to accom- 
modations of such magnitude, that the stock 
carried is a very heavy one. Both a wholesale 
and i-etail business is done and employment is 
given to six courteous and efficient assistants. 
Buying in such large quantities, it of course 
follows that goods are procured at the lowest 

attainable rates and that all competition can be 
easily met. Orders are promptly and accurately 
delivered and every article sold is warranted to 
prove as represented. 

Augrusta Savings Bank, 174 Main Street, 
Augusta. It would be difficult to find an idea 
capable of working more mischief and at the 
same time more generally held, than that of 
making a fortune at a "jump." How many 
men there are who plod along taking no heed 
of the future but dimly believing that some 
time or other their time will come and they will 
find themselves raised in some mysterious 
way from poverty to wealth. How, they do not 
know; when, they do not know, but, neverthe- 
less, they hold to this faith year in and year out, 
confident in the truth of the proverb that "For- 
tune knocks at every man's door at least once in 
a life-time," and relying like the immortal Mr. 
Micawber on something "turning up." Now 
this is no way to live at all. It is childish and. 
foolish in the extreme, and those who allow 
themselves to be guided by such views will see 
youth slip away, middle-age come, and finally 
weakness and poverty assume chief control and 
land the believer in " luck" in the poor-house 
if not in a worse place. Provide in time of 
strength for time of weakness. You are now 
able to earn more than you need to spend, see 
that you insure against the time when the 
balance may be the other way. Small savings 
mount up wonderfully, and those who have 
noticed how soon the trivial sums expended 
here and there "spoil a ten- dollar bill," as the 
saying is, should bear in mind that this ratio of 
I increase will be even added to, if such suras 
j are deposited instead of being thrown away. 
Try it for a while. Open an account with the 
1 Augusta Saving's Bank and find out for your- 
self whether what we have said is true or not. 
Is not the plan worth trying? We do not ask 
you to spend a cent, quite the reverse in fact. 
If you find we have deceived you, that saving 
don't pay and that those who save are the igno- 
rant and not the intelligent members of the 
community, you can withdraw whatever de- 
posits you have made and proceed as before to 
wait for that marvelous event that is to put an 
end to all work and worry. But first, try our 
plan for a year at least. The Augusta Savings 
Bank has been in operation since 1848 and is 
as secure as such an institution can be. The 
gentlemen entrusted with its management are 
representative citizens, and are fully able as 
well as honestly anxious to protect the interests 
of depositors. The process of depositing and 
withdrawing money at this bank is very simple 
and involves but little delay and no annoying 
"red tape," and all business is transacted with 
courtesy and care. William S. Badger is Presi- 
dent; William R. Smith, Treasurer; Edwin C. 
Dudley, Assistant Treasurer. Liabilities— Jan. 
1, 1889. Deposits, $4,805,954.10; interest, $132,- 
318.34; reserved fund, $212,500.00; prem. ap., 
$1,010.74; total, $5,169,783.18. Resources— Dis- 
trict of Columbia bonds, $31,000; public funds, 
$2,496,600; railroad bonds, $1,317,857.50; bank 
stock, 60,000; loans to National Banks, 24,000; 
loans to cities, 12,000; loans on mortgages, 
$129,933; loans on collaterals, $416,944.54; real 
estate and furniture, $16,600; premiums, $88,- 
435.42; cash, 596,412.72. 



S. S. Brooks & Company, Dealers in 
Hardware, Iron, Nails, Glass, Carriage Wood 
Work, Paints, Oils and Varnishes, Manilla Cord- 
age, Belting, Lace Leather &c., Central Block, 
opposite Post Office, Augusta. Such a number 
of articles have come to be included within the 
term " Hardware," that exceptional experience 
and ability are called for on the part of those 
undertaking to carry on an establishment suc- 
cessfully in which Hardware is given special 
prominence. That this experience, and this 
ability are fully possessed by the gentlemen 
constituting the firm of S. S. Brooks & Co., no 
one acquainted with the facts will deny, for this 
house has been identified with the Hardware 
trade for nearly half a century, having had its 
origin in 1842. The firm is made up of S. S. & 
W. H. Brooks, both of whom were born in this 
city. The premises occupied are very spacious 
comprising seven floors of the dimensions of 
22x60 feet, and affording accommodation for 
the very heavy and complete stock that the im- 
mense business done compels the firm to carry. 
This business is both wholesale and retail, and 
the services of seven assistants are required to 
properly attend to orders. Iron, Nails, Glass, 
Carriage Wood-Work, Paints, Oils, Varnishes, 
Manilla Cordage, Belting, Lace Leather, etc,, 
are to be had here in quantities to suit, and at 
the lowest market rates, and every article sold 
is fully guaranteed to be as represented. The 
stoie is located in Central Block, opposite the 
Post Office, and callers will receive prompt and 
polite attention, and will find that their orders 
will be carefully observed. Messrs. S. S. Brooks 
& Co., are in a position to guarantee their cus- 
tomers prices as low as the lowest, and have no 
trouble in maintaining their position among the 

Steam Dye House, (a few doors south of 
R. R. Bridge), Emile Barbier, Proprietor. An 
Agency in every Maine Central station to Bar 
Harbor, and Knox & Lincoln Railroad station to 
Camden. These Steam Dye Works weie estab- 
lished in 1867 in Augusta, by the present pro- 
prietor, Mr. Emile Barbier, and so encouraging 
has been his success, that to-day he is the pro- 
prietor of the large Steam Dye House located 
on Water Street, a few doors south of the R. R. 
bridge, and since it was thrown open to the 
public, twenty-two years ago, has met with uni- 
versal approbation and a steadily increasing 
business. The premises occupy two floors, each 
20x40 feet in dimensions. The Works are 
equipped with the latest improved machinery 
and every requisite for their operation. Four 
skilled hands are employed and all work is 
guaranteed satisfactory. A specialty of this 
house is the dyeing, cleansing and pressing of 
Ladies' and Gentlemen's Garments without rip- 
ping or taking off the trimmings ; Lace Curtains 
are cleansed and finished to look as good 
as new: Kid Gloves cleaned and dyed 
black; Feather Beds and Pillows are thorough- 
ly renovated by steam ; general agency for the 
New England Crape and Lace Refiuishing Co. ; 
also, new goods or heavy cloth for stores, Dyed 
and Finished in the best manner at very low 
prices, and all work intrusted to this establish- 
ment will be done in the best manner, and the 
prices will be found as low as any similar con- 

cern. Mr. Barbier is an excellent business 
manager, whose qualifications have won for him 
a prominent position in this line of business. 
He is also highly esteemed as a citizen through- 
out the community. 

Boynton & Farr, Dealers in Groceries,. 
Provisions, Meats, etc.. Flour of all grades. Fine 
Teas and Coffees, Edwards Block, Water Street, 
Augusta. When Mr. E. M. Boynton started the 
enterprise with which he is now identified, in 
Dec, 1887. it was with the determination to carry 
on a strictly first-class family grocery, and we' 
are sure that none who have been familiar with 
the enterprise from its inception, will dispute 
that this resolve has been fully carried out. In 
March 1888 Mr. Boynton became associated with. 
Mr. Farr under the existing firm name and the 
steadily increasing patronage the concern re- 
ceive, is the best proof that their methods of 
doing business are honorable and enterprising. 
Mr. Boynton is a native of Liberty, Maine and 
is connected with the Free Masons, the Ancient 
Order of United Workmen and Seth Williams 
Post G. A. R., while his partner was born in 
West Gardiner. We spoke of the enterprise as 
a first-class family grocery, but in point of fact 
it is something more than that, as a full line of 
Provisions and Meats is carried, and thus practi- 
cally all the food supplies required can be obtain- 
ed here. P'lour is one of the most important food 
staples, and the firm have taken special pains 
to build up a reputation in the handling of this 
commodity, dealing only in such brands as they 
can conscientiously lecommeiid, and making 
their prices in accordance with the lowest mar- 
ket rates. Fine Teas and Coffees are always to 
be had at this popular store, and as "the proof 
of the pudding is the eating" we ask no stronger 
confirmation of the truth of this statement than 
tliat afforded by a careful trial of the goods of- 
fered. Staple and Fancy Groceries, Canned 
Goods, etc.. in immense variety are always in 
stock, and bottom prices and polite treatment 
are assured to every customer. 

A. J. Pierce, Successor to J. D. Pierce & 
Son, Importers and Dealers in Crockery, China 
and Glass Ware, French and Bohemian Fancy 
Goods, Silver and Nickel Plated Wares, No. 159^ 
Water Street, Augusta. Among the enterprises 
of this kind in Augusta few establishments have 
greater prestige than the extensive retail Crock- 
ery, China and Glass house of Mr. A. J. Pierce. 
This house was established in 1842, under the 
title of J. D. Pierce & Son, and so conducted 
until 1880, when Mr. A. J. Pierce assumed full 
proprietorship. Its field of operations is by no 
means confined to the city, but extends 
throughout the trade radius of Augusta. Such 
a business as is here transacted was not built 
up in a day; it is the result of careful industry^ 
a thorough knowledge of the wants of the 
trade, enterprise in procuring supplies at the 
fountain head, and handling them on small 
margins, and energy in maintaining a high 
standard of out-put and strict integrity and 
fair dealing. The premises utilized by Mr. 
Pierce are located at No, 159 Water Street, and 
consist of a store 20x65 feet in dimensions, and 
is fitted up with special reference to the busi- 
ness which involves the importing and retailing 



of Crockery, China, and Glass Ware, French 
and Bohemian Fancy Goods, Silver and Nickel 
Plated Ware, Table and Pocket Cutlery, 
Scissors, Tea Trays, Lamps, Chandeliers, etc., 
etc. Mr. Pierce is a native of Augusta and a 
member of the United Workmen. Even the 
most casual observer upon visitinoj his store 
cannot fail to be impressed with the system 
and completeness of the establishment, and 
which it may be safely asserted has no superior 
in this city. 

Benj. Gardner, Dealer in Flour, Grain, 
Feed, Hay, Straw, Groceries, Provisions, and 
Country Produce, 42 and 44 Cony Street, East 
Side, Augusta. So prodigal is Ceres in her 
bounty in the State of Maine that there are 
many stores which are the rendezvous of the 
farmers with their harvest of grain and other 
produce. Augusta is particularly rich in first- 
class houses whose trade extends over the 
entire State. The house of Mr. Benj. Gardner 
is one of the most substantial and enterprising 
in the city, and carries a large stock of Flour, 
Grain, Feed, Hay, and Straw, also Groceries, 
Provisions, and Country Produce, at his prem- 
ises, situated at Nos. 42 and 44 Cony Street, 
East Side, which comprises two stores of two 
floors, and each floor covering an area of 40x60 
feet. This business was established by Mr. 
Gardner in 1880, who has since built up a flou- 
rishing retail trade, requiring the services of 
capable assistants. Mr. Gardner is a native 
and well-known citizen of Augusta, and a prom- 
inert member of the Odd Fellows. With 
capital ample for his requirements, and a 
thorough knowledge of all the details of the 
business, Mr. Gardner has met with success 
and prosiDcrity hitherto, which will doubtless 
continue with him as long as he remains active- 
ly concerned in the trade. 

Bangs Brothers, Manufacturers of Win- 
dow Frames, Doors, Sash and Blinds, East Side 
Kennebec Dam, Augusta. A very busy es- 
tablishment is that conducted by Bangs Broth- 
ers at the Kennebec Dam, for the productions 
of the mills carried on by them are in active 
demand, and no difficulty is experienced in dis- 
posing of all the work that is turned out. 
The business was begun in 1875, and it has 
steadily increased, until now fifty assistants, 
and a variety of improved labor-saving machin- 
ery are required to keep up with the orders re- 
ceived. Window Fi-ames are a specialty with 
them, and they use their patented Packet-cap, 
which is extensively used in Boston and vicin- 
ity, with hard-pine pulley stiles. Doors and 
Door Frames are very extensively manufac- 
tured, and Windows, both glazed and unglazed, 
are largely dealt in, both a wholesale and a 
retail business being done. Band-sawing and 
Circle work are done to order at short notice, 
and Planing of all descriptions is also given par- 
ticular attention. Messrs. Bangs Brothers en- 
joy special facilities for the successful carrying 
on of their business. The lumber (of which 
they use two million feet yearly) is left on a 
side track near their factory. Ample water 
power is available, and everything necessary 
to the filling of orders to the best advantage 

is at hand. The firm deal extensively in 
Hard Pine Lumber, and are prepared to furnish 
it at short notice in quantities to suit. The 
prices charged in every department will be 
found to agree with the very lowest market 
rates, and the character of the goods furnished 
speaks for itself. 

Report of the Condition of 


At close of Business, Dec. 12th, 1888. 


Loans and Discounts $810,887.99 

Overdrafts, secured and unsecured. . 2,328.56 

U. S. Bonds to secure circulation 2.50,000.00 

Other stocks, bonds and mortgages. . 27,940.00 

Due from approved reserve agents. . . 71,913.42 

Due from other National Banks 1,829.32 

Real estate, furniture and fixtures. . . 200.00 

Current expenses and taxes paid .... 2,799.49 

Checks and other cash items 12,585.21 

Bills of other Banks 10,406.00 

Fractional paper currency, nickels 

and cents 101.08 

Specie 22,623.00 

Legal tender notes 4,000.00 

Redemption fund with U, S. Treas- 
urer (5 per ct. of circulation), 11,250.00 

Total $1,228,864.07 


Capital stock paid in $250,000.00 

Surplus fund 60,000.00 

Undivided profits 31,542.95 

National Bank notes outstanding 212,630.00 

Individual deposits subject to check. 658,090.54 

Cashier's checks outstanding 1,648.01 

Due to other National Banks 14,952.57 

Total $1,228,864.07 

State of Maine, County of Kennebec, ss.: 

1, C. S. Hichborn, Cashier of the above-named 
Bank, do solemnly swear that the above state- 
ment is true to the best of my knowledge and 
belief. C. S. Hichborn, Cashier. 

Subscribed and sworn to before me, this 15th 
day of December, 1888. 

J. R. Gould, Notary Public. 

Correct. — Attest : 

D. A. Cony, ) 

Thos, Lambard, ? Directors. 

Oscar Holway, ) 



A. Cony, President. 
Thomas Lambard. 

Oscar Holway. 

JA3IES W. North. 

Lendall Titcomb. 

D. A. Cony, President. 

C. S. Hichborn, Cashier. 

C. R. Whitten, Asst. Cashier 



H.C. Caswell, Flour, Groceries, Provisions 
Beef, Pork, Mutton, Lamb, Poultry, Sausage, 
etc Oranges, Lemons and Bananas, Tobacco 
and Cigars, No. 4 Granite Hall Block, Water 
Street, Augusta. Reliable goods, fair prices, 
prompt service, and courteous attention to cus- 
tomers. — these are the reasons for the liberal 
patronage bestovped upon the enterprise novr 
conducted by H. C. Caswell, at No. 4 Granite 
Hall Block, VVater Street, and our readers will 
admit that these are enough to gain success for 
any undertaking, and especially for one con- 
cerned in the handling of such indispensable 
commodities as Family Groceries, Provisions, 
etc. This establishment was inaugurated in 
1884 by Messrs. Blackwell & Turner, wdo were 
succeeded by the firm of Webber & Co. In No- 
vember, 1887, Mr. Caswell became sole proprie- 
tor. The trade is already a large one, and if 
the present rate of growth is continued, it will 
soon rank with that of the oldest established 
house of the kind in this section. The prem- 
ises, occupied comprise one floor and a base- 
ment each of the dimensions of 20x80 feet, and 
contain a very carefully selected stock of goods 
including the choicest grades of Flour, as well 
as the best selections of Groceries and Provis- 
ions of all kinds, such as Beef Pork, Mutton, 
Lard, Poultry, Sausages, etc., also Oranges, 
Lemons and Bananas, and the best and most 
popular brands of Tobacco and Cigai's. Low 
prices are quoted on all these articles and the 
most careful buyer will find that nothing is to 
be lost, and much to be gained, by placing their 
orders here. Three capable assistants are con- 

stantly employed, and every effort is made to 
serve customers promptly as well as politely, 
and orders are delivered without unnecessary 
delay. Mr. Caswell is a native of Augusta, and 
belongs to the A. O. U. VV. 

E. J. Roberts, D. D. S., Water Street, 
near Post-office, Augusta. In the rapid im- 
provements of the last quarter of a century, 
every branch of business has seemed to move 
forward, but none more so than the dental 
art, which would seem to be at its height, 
especially as we view the appliances and im- 
provements of our best dental rooms. Dr. E. 
J. Roberts is the leading man in this city en- 
gaged in this profession, and no pains or money 
is spared to provide every modern invention, 
and all branches of dentistry are conducted in 
an enlightened manner. Dr. Roberts occupies 
an elegant suite of rooms, handsomely fur- 
nished, and supplied with every convenience 
for the comfort of his many patrons. He is 
located on Water Street, near Post-office. Dr. 
Roberts founded his establishment in 1860, and 
has since that date obtained a reputation for 
first-class work and reasonable prices. He is 
thoroughly conversant with the dental art, and 
conducts it in all its varied and difficult opera- 
tions. Dr. Roberts is a native of Maine, and 
well and favorably known in social as well as 
business circles of this community. We com- 
mend him and his establishment to the favora- 
ble notice of all the interested readers of this 



Geo. E. Macomber's Insurance Agency, 
Granite Hall Block, Market Square, Auajusta. 
Fire, Life and Accident Insurance in the best 
American and English Companies. Capital rep- 
resented, $50,000,000. Every man identified 
with the control of property, whether as owner, 
trustee or administrator, will recognize the im- 
portance of fire insurance. No man can lay any 
claim to business wisdom who disregards this 
duty, whether it be to himself or through him- 
self to others. It of course relieves a business 
man of much anxiety to feel that his stock is 
fully covered by insurance; but care should be 
taken that this is placed in perfectly responsi- 
ble and reliable companies, lest it should be 
discovered that the feeling of security was but 
ill-founded after all. As it is entirely out of the 
question for every man who desires insurance 
to personally investigate the solvency of the 
many companies now engaged in this business, 
the best plan, undoubtedly, is to intrust the 
placing of Insurance to some old-established, 
and well-known agency, which has served its 
customers well in the past, and has every in- 
ducement to continue to do so in the future. 
Life, compared to Fire Insurance, has to be 
looked upon in quite a different light. We 
have so often alluded to the importance of Life 
Insurance to the best interests of the communi- 
ty, that there is little rnox'e to be said to rein- 
force it. The most striking argument that can 
be offered for it is to be drawn from some one 
of the practical examples of '"sudden deaths" 
that from time to time occur. We can quote 
instances where well-known parties have had 
their lives insured during the first days of a 
month, and who suddenly died but a few days 
later, their policy being $10,000. The shcatuess 
and uncertainty of life — how often do we read 
and hear the words, until they fall on the ear as 
a thrice-told tale, and, while we mentally give 
our assent to it, apply it rather to our neighbor 
than ourselves. It must come to us all, howev- 
er, sooner or later, and the prudent man real- 
izes that it is his duty, as well as his interest, to 
protect himself against the chance of an abrupt 
termination of his life. The satisfaction it af- 
fords in the feeling of security arising from the 
knowledge that no matter when the dread de- 
stroyer comes, your family is provided for, is of 
itself sufficient reason for insurance. In regard 
to accident policies, similar reasons could be ar- 
gued in particular to the public who are travel- 
ing considerable, and where in such cases acci- 
dents are apt to take place at any moment, with- 
out warning, and even though taking all possi- 
ble precautions. Any party representing such 
three lines as Fire, Life and Accident, may just- 
ly be called " a city's most important person- 
age," and as this sketch is based upon matters 
of facts, and relating to Augusta, Me., Mr. Ma- 
comber is actually, in every way this city's prin- 
cipal Insurance man. Since 1870, Mr. Macom- 
ber has controlled this Agency, the companies 
he represents being the largest and soundest, 
are as follows : ^tna of Hartford, Conn. : Com- 
mercial of Hartford ; Hanover of N. Y. ; Insur- 
ance Co. of North America. Philadelphia; In- 
surance Co., State of Pa.. Philadelphia; Conti- 
nental of N. Y. ; Springfield, Mass.: Niagara, 
N. Y. ; First National, Worcester: New Hamp- 
shire, Manchester; Merchants, Newark, N. J.; 
Queen of England ; London & Lancaster of 

England: Norwich Union of England; Citizens 
of Pittsburg; Granite State, Portsmouth, N.H. ; 
Quincy Mutual, Qumcy. Mass.; Lancashire of 
England; Holyoke Mutual, Salem, Mass.; Com- 
mercial Union of England; Peoples of Man- 
chester, Eng. ; Fireman's Fund of California; 
Traders & Mechanics, Lowell, Mass. ; North 
British & Mercantile, England; Fire Insurance 
Association of England ; Western of Canada; 
Northern of England: ^tna Life of Hartford, 
Conn.; Travellers' \Mg and Accident, Hartford, 
Conn.; Lloyds Plate Glass, N. Y. ; the total 
amount being .$100,000,000. Mr. Macomber is 
at present Mayor of Augusta, it being the third 
term he is serving in that capacity. Being high- 
ly respected, and taking a lively interest in the 
growth and welfare of the city, much of the 
piosperity of Augusta's flourishing business is 
due to its Mayor's high business qualifications 
and activity. He is well known, not only in this 
city and County, but tliioiigh the entire State of 
Maine. Mr. Macomber solicits corre-sponiience, 
and is ever ready to afford any additional infor- 
mation desired. 

G. A. & H. Cony, Stable, Market Square, 
Augusta. The Livery and Boarding Stable car- 
ried ou by Messrs. G. A. &, H. Cony has long 
been known as one of the best appointed in the 
State, but since it was remodeled and enlarged 
in September 1888, it has held a higher position 
than ever, and the facilities for the accommo- 
dation of customers seem now incapable of im- 
provement. There is a carriage- room on the 
first floor, measuring 50x110 feet, and a room 
of sioiiliar dimensions ou the second floor ca- 
pable of accommodating fifty horses, there be- 
ing five roomy and well-ventilated box-stalls and 
every provision made for the comfort and well- 
being <»f the animals cared for. Horses will be 
boarded by the week or month at very moder- 
ate rates, and we can assure our readers that 
the most valuable animals may be left here in 
perfect safety as the conveniences are first-class 
and kind treatment is invariably given. The 
upper story gives ample accommodation for 
thirty tons of hay. and the building also con- 
tains an elegant offio<- with fine toilet room, a 
parcel room, one for the storage of Robes, a 
Harness room. Hostler's room, etc. Business 
was begun in ]874underthe firm name of Cony, 
Farrar & Co., but since the death of Mr. Farrar 
in 1888. the present style has been adopted. 
The property has been owned from the first by 
the Messrs. Cony, Mr. Farrar simply having an 
interest in the livery stock. The location is re- 
markably central and convenient, being adja- 
cent to the railway station and but half a block 
from the steamboat landing, and strangers in 
Augusta should by all means embrace the op- 
portunity oflEered to drive about the city and 
vicinity— known throughout New England as 
among the most picturesque in the country. 
The firm are very liberal in catering to the 
public, and take pride in furnishing unexcep- 
tionable turnouts at low rates. Experienced 
and civil drivers will be supplied if desired, and 
we feel convinced that those who patronize this 
establishment on the representations here made 
will have reason to thank us for calling atten- 
tion to the advantages offered.* 



"The Bazaar," Gents' Furnishings, Um- 
brellas, Overalls, Jumpers, etc. Crockery, 
Glass and Tin Ware, 5, 10 and 25 Cent 
Goods. Novelties added weekly. Frederick 
H. Owen, Bazaar, Water Street, Augusta. 
Before paying 15 or '/O cents for an article 
elsewhere, be sure it is not on our 5 or 10 
Cent Counters. If the word "Bazaar" be 
defined to mean an establishment where 
goods in great variety are sold at lowest 
rates we believe that no one familiar with 
the facts would question the justice of its 
application to the emporium conducted by 
Frederick II. Owen, at the Bazaar, Water St. 
This gentleman may be entitled one of the 
leaders in this line of trade in Augusta, and 
it would be difficult to find a man more 
thoroughly posted, or one more alive to the 
demands of the times. He began business 
in 1S85 and during the time since elapsed he 
has built up a reputation for low prices and 
fair dealings. He is a native of this city 
and is one of the most widely known of our 
Augusta merchants. Two floors are occu- 
pied and a stock carried which is hard to 
parallel elsewhere either for size or variety. 
Among the moie prominent goods handled 
are Novelties, Fancy Articles, Toys, Games 
and hundreds of other things which our 
limited space will not arlmit of mention. 
All these goods are classed and sold as 5, 10, 
and 25 cent good.*^. Thiee reliable and cour- 
teous assistants are employed and the entire 
business is conducted by Mr. Owen on a 
high plane of honor and fair representation 
of all goods and one price, that the lowest. 

Mis.s Li. 31. Jordan, Millinery and 
Fancy Goods, No. 154 Water Street, Augusta. 
Among the many fine stores located on 
Water Street one of the most attractive in 
its line is that conducted by Miss L. M. 
Jordan. This establishment was founded 
in 1878 by its present proprietress, and from 
its inception has ranked among the first- 
class establishments in this line of trade in 
Augusta. The store covers an area of 20x50 
feet, and is elegantly fitted up for the taste- 
ful display of the large stock handled, which 
embraces a complete line of Millinery and 
Fancy Goods, and in fact everything usual- 
ly called for in a first-class Millinery and 
Fancy Goods Store. Experienced assistants 
are employed and all orders are filled 
promptly. It is with pleasure that we 
recommend Miss Jordan and her establish- 
ment to tire favorable attention of all our 
readers who have not patronized her; here 
they can obtain fresh goods of the latest designs 
and newest fashions at fair and reasonable 
prices. Miss Jordan is a native of Augusta and 
is thoroughly experienced in all the details of 
her business and well deserves the success she 
has achieved. 

J. J.PMaher & Co.. Edward's New Block, 
North End Clothing House, Augusta. Travel- 
ers in this country from foreign lands, however 
much else they may see to admire, always find 
time to notice and to express their surprise at 
the well-dressed condition of the people here 
as a whole. There is no such attention paid to 

the wants of the people by clothiers abroad, as 
there is here, where the competition among 
those engaged in the business is so keen, that 
$2.00 is more often made on suits of clothes 
than $5.00, and where most of the dealers be- 
lieve it is better to sell a large quantity at a 
small profit, than a small amount at a large 
profit. The clothing business is so arranged 
now that dwellers in the metropolis have no 
advantage whatever over those living in the 
surrounding smaller cities in the matter of pur- 
chasing clothing. It is a well-known saying, 
and one of no small amount of credence, that 
" the clothes make the man." But they must 
be good clothes, however, which is quite an- 



bit» business, one of the city's well-known and 
hishly-respected citizens, and is what may be 
termed "a self-made man." 

other thing, and the trouble is nowadays to 
find an establishment where garments suitable 
for the outer covering of a gentleman are made 
of good, honest material, which are of fashion- 
able style, perlect fit, and last, but by no means 
least, at a reasonable outlay. This business of 
J. J. Maher & Co. was started Nov. J 2, 1887. 
The store contains as full and as complete 
an assortment of clothing, Underwear, Hats, 
Caps, etc., etc., en Jin, everything belonging 
to a first-class gents' furnishing goods store, 
as can be found in any store even in the me- 
tropolis. The stoie is well lighted, and meas- 
ures 24x60 feet in dimensions. The policy up- 
on which Mr. Maher conducts his business is 
characterized by libeiality, and the careful fos- 
tering of the interests of his patrons, so that 
transactions once entered into with him may 
be not only pleasant for the time beins-, but of 
a permanent nature. Buyer or no buyer, every 
one is requested lo inspect his assortment be- 
fore making a bargain anywhere, and the gen- 
eral opinion has always been that .). J. Maher 
& Co., the clothiers, carry an A I complete as- 
sortment, and is invariably the cheapest in 
Augusta, which means a great deal. Beside 
clothings. Mr. Maher is manager of the firm of 
Dr. J. J. Maher & Co., the proprietors of the 
celebrated " Clover Bitters," " Clover Balsam 
and Relief Liniment," all of which are so well 
known all over New England that further rec- 
ommendation of these celebrated medicines by 
our pen is entirely unnecessary. Mr. Maher 
was born in Springfield, Mass., is a prominent 
member of the A. O. U. W., was in 1887 elected 
overseer of the poor for a teim of three years, 
and is today, through perseverance, honest 
dealings, and strict "personal" attention to 

Cliarles Bryant, Dentist, 140 Water 
Street, Augusta. American dentists have the 
reputation of being the best in the world, and 
certainly if they are not they should be, for 
they have an excellent opportunity to practice 
their profession on +heir fellow-countrymen, as 
the latter have the poorest teeth of any nation. 
Another advantage they enjoy is in the supe- 
rior inventive talent of citizens of the United 
States, which has been used to such good pur- 
pose of late years in dentistry, that much of 
its attendant drudgery is now greatly lightened, 
and much trouble and expense are thus saved. 
Among the dentists who have gained the con- 
fidence of the public the establishment con- 
ducted by Charles Bryant holds a deservedly 
high position. This gentleman began the prac- 
tice of his profession in Augusta, in 1884. His 
patronage is at present large and select. At 
this establishment one may have their teeth 
extracted, and artificial ones inserted. His op- 
erating room is supplied with all the latest 
modern instruments and facilities for thorough 
and artistic work, and all unnecessary display 
of them is carefully avoided, a point that will 
be appreciated by nervous or timid patrons. 

D. P. Knowlton, Dealer in Picture Mold- 
ings, Oil Paintings, and Steel Engravings. Pic- 
ture Framing a Specialty. Upholstering and 
Jobbing. 101 Water Street, nearly opposite 
Post-office, Augusta. The artistic taste of a 
community is a sure index of its refinement 
and culture, and we are safe in asserting that 
in no city of equal magnitude is this more evi- 
dent than in Augusta. This city possesses, to 
a marked degree, in its establishments, every 
facility for fostering the aesthetic tastes of the 
community, and it is in a large measure due to 
a house like that of Mr. D. P. Knowlton, which 
serves as a prominent type that these to-be de- 
sired results have been obtained. Mr. Knowl- 
ton has been established in this line of busi- 
ness in Augusta since 1881, and during the pe- 
riod elapsed this enterprise has steadily ad- 
vanced in importance until it has attained its 
present position. The premises utilized for 
the business are located at 101 Water Street, 
nearly opposite the Post-office, and comprise 
two floors and basement, each 20x60 feet in 
dimensions, where is tastefully displayed the 
very fine and complete assortment of goods 
handled, which consists of a fine selection of 
Picture Moldings, Oil Paintings, and Steel En- 
gravings. Employment is given to capable 
and reliable assistants, and the extensive retail 
trade, which is under the direct management 
of Mr. Knowlton, is most efficiently managed. 
Mr. Knowlton makes a specialty of Picture 
Framing, and in additon to the above-named 
line of business he is prepared to do Uphols- 
tering Work, and all jobbing in this line is 
promptly attended to. All work intrusted to 
his care is executed in the best manner possi- 
ble, and patrons visiting this establishment will 
find many inducements to purchase, difficult to 
duplicate elsewhere. 



Charles C. Hunt, Hallett & 
Davis Pianos, Augusta. The recog- 
nized superiority of the Hallett Sc 
Davis Pianos over many others in ii^e 
has of late years created a demand for 
these instruments almost equal to the 
facilities for their productions, grent 
as they are. Popular among the denl- 
ers who are agents for these instru- 
ments is Mr. Charles C. Hunt, who.'-e 
establishment is located on \Vat< r 
Street, Augusta, and is so efficiently 
and ably managed by him. Mr. Hunt 
is acceded to be one of the ablest and 
most reliable judges of musical instru- 
ments, especially Pianos and Organs. 
The premises occupied consist of three 
floors, each 20x60 feet ill" dimensions, 
■where many fine specimens of these 
popular instruments are displayed. 
The business transacted here com- 
prises an extensive retail trade iu 
Pianos, Organs, and Sheet Music, re- 
quiring the assistance of two thor- 
oughly competent clerks, who are 
polite and courteous in their attention 
to visitors, who are invited to inspect 
the goods dealt in hen% before pur- 
chasing elsewhere. Mr. Hunt is a 
native of Peadfield. Me., and a mem- 
ber of the Free Masons. He is an 
efficient business man and in his 
keeping the interests of his patrons 
are admirably subserved. 

Georg-e D. Haskell, Dealer ia 
Choice Family Groceries, Wholesale 
and Retail, Provisions, Teas and Cof- 
fees, Cony St., East Side. We know of 

no more worthy example of the old 

and representative houses of Augusta than the 
popular establishment now conducted by Mr. 
Geo. D. Haskell, and located on Cony Street, 
East Side. This establishment was originally 
started under its present title of George D. 
Haskell. This house possesses a valuable and 
extended experience in the Grocery and Pro- 
vision interest, and by liberal treatment of 
customers has rapidly advanced in public favor. 
Mr. Haskell occupies attractive premises, com- 
prising three floors, each covering an area of 
40x65 feet, which are well stocked and very 
conveniently arranged, and the trade is very 
large, both in wholesale and retail. Four very 
competent and experienced assistants are in 
attendance, thus insuring the patrons of the 
house prompt attention. A large and well- 
selected stock is constantly kept on hand, in- 
cluding the choicest Family and Fancy Gro- 
ceries, Provisions and Meats. Also Fresh and 
Salt Fish of all kinds (the only Fish Market on 
the East Side), Glass Ware, Crockery, and 
Earthen Ware, Lamps, Flower Pots. Wooden 
Ware, etc. Mr. Haskell is also Agent for the 
Barton Cheese and Coburn Butter. No infe- 
rior goods are sold, and every effort is made to 
avoid adulterated articles. The low prices and 
fine assortment carried have given this estab- 
lishment the large trade it enjoys. Mr. Has- 
kell is a native of Augusta, and a member of 
the Odd Fellows, and is an active business man, 
enjoying the respect and esteem of this 

O. Williamson, Manufacturer and Dealer 
in Furnaces, Stoves, Hardwaie, Tin Ware and 
Cutlery; Plumbing; also Coal Merchant. A 
full line of Agricultural Tools, IMoweis, Horse 
Rakes, Plows, Plow Castings. No. 6 Union 
Block, Augusta. An Augusta businejs house, 
whose reputation is by no means confined to 
the city, or even the State, is that now con- 
ducted under the name of O. Williamson, at 
No. G Union Block, Augusta. Mr. Williamson, 
who is now the sole propiietor and director of 
this enterprise, is a native of Maine. This 
Manufacturing and Retail business in Furnaces, 
Stoves, Hardware, etc., was established twenty 
years ago, under the firm name of Williamson 
& Greenwood, and so continued until 1879, 
when the firm was changed to Williamson, 
Ward & Cogan, and in 1887 Mr. O. Williamson, 
the present proprietor, assumed the full con- 
trol and management of the business. The 
premises utilized for Hardware and Plumbing 
comprises four floors of the building, each cov- 
ering an area of ;"0x2:J feet. lie has also five 
floors devoted to Agiicultural Implements,. 
Seeds and Phosphate, opposite 6 Union Block. 
The energies of this liou^e are devoted to the 
manufacture and retail branches of the above- 
named lines of business, giving employment to 
twelve thoroughly reliable and experienced as- 
sistants. The stock carried embiaces Fur- 
naces, Stoves, Hardware, Tin Ware, Cutlery, 
etc., and in the Plumbing depaitmeut. Force 



Pumps, Tubs, Copper Boilers, Stop-cocks, and 
Lead and Iron Pipes. Also Mowers, Horse-rakes, 
Plows, Plow Castings, and everything usually 
kept in a first-class agricultural store. A spe- 
cialty is made of job work of all kinds, which 
is promptly attended to. Mr. Williamson is 
one of our prominent and well-known citizens, 
having been a member of the School Committee. 

Edwards Manufacturing' Company, 

Cotton Mills, Water Street, Augusta. For a 
good many years New England has maintained 
her supremacy in the line of Cotton Manufac- 
turing, and the State of Maine has done its 
share toward securing this condition of affairs. 
Maine has always labored under some disad- 
vantages as compared with her sister states, by 
reason of her comparative remoteness from 
the great centers of trade, but the natural ad- 
vantages she possesses in the shape of valua- 
ble water-powers, etc., together with the enter- 
prise and industry of her citizens, have done 
much to neutralize the offset referred to, and 
have led to the establishment within her bor- 
ders of such mammoth undertakings as that 
carried on by the Edwards Manufacturing Com- 
pany, on Water Street, by the Kennebec! Dam. 
The plant utilized at this point is very exten- 
sive indeed, and jet is so far insufficient to 
supply the active and increasing demand for 
the companies goods, that there is being 
erected a large five-story factory, in addition to 
the buildings already occupied. These consist 
of three mills, comprising five stories and a 
basement each, and within these buildings 
may be found 1,.500 looms and 60,000 spindles, 
employment being given to seven hundred 
hands, and the monthly pay roll amounting to 
$18,000. The goods produced are Prints and 
Shirtings, and the output of the Edwards Man- 
ufacturing Company is too well known to the 
trade in general to make it necessary for us to 
call attention to its superior and uniform excel- 
lence. The selling agents are Bliss, Fabyan & 
Co., 100 Summer St., Boston, and 71 Thomas St., 
New York, and the management of the Co.'s 
affairs is in the hands of the following well- 
known gentlemen:— President, Dexter N. Rich- 
ards; Treasurer, Jacob Edwards; 'Agent, N. W. 
Cole ;f Clerk, Chas. B. .Fohnson; Directors, Dex- 
ter N. Richards, Jacob Edwards, Isaac Fenno, 
Chas. U. Cotting, J. H. Manley, J. Manchester 
Haynes, O. H. Alford. 

J. A. Fairbanks, Dealer in Fishing Tackle 
and Fine Cutlery, Sewing Machines, Dog Col- 
lars, Whistles, Bells, etc. Roller Skates in great 
variety. Fine Breech-Loading Rifles and Double 
Guns a Specialty. Gun Store and Office, 111 
Water Street, Augusta. One of the best stores 
in Maine for the purchase of Fishing Tackle, 
and everything used by sportsmen, is conducted 
by J. A. Fairbanks. He is well known among 
sportsmen, and his store is 
the headquarters for all kinds 
of Amunition, Whistles, Bells, 
Roller Skates, etc. In addi- 
tion, he sells Sewing Machines 
of popular makes, and all in 
want of one of these useful 
articles would do well to ex- 
amine his stock. Too much 
cannot be put into either the 
manufacture or selection of 
a Gun, for all considerations 
of safety and prudence de- 
mand that it be made of the 
best material by experienced 
hands. It is chiefly on ac- 
count of his productions be- 
ing fully up to the highest 
standard, that Mr. Fairbanks 
has built up so large a pat- 
ronage. Experienced and careful assistants aro 
employed. Orders are given prompt attention, 
and Repairing is done in the best manner, at 
the shortest notice and lowest price. It is 
believed that no house can offer more liberal 
inducements, or is in any way better prepared 
to fully satisfy its patrons. 



Desig-nated Depositary of the United 

Capital, 8100,000. 

Surplias, 825,000. 

Augusta, Me., Jan. 12, 1889. 


Assistant Cashier, 













Charles Jenkins, Dealer in Fresh, Salt, 
Smoked, Canned and Pickled Fish, Oysters and 
Claras, Opposite Kennebec Journal OflSce, 
Water Street. A very popular establishment in 
this city is that carried on by Mr. Charles 
Jenkins, opposite the Kennebec .Tournal office 
on Water Street, and this popularity is due not 
only to the business methods of the firm men- 
tioned, but also to the nature of the commodity 
in which he deals, for everybody likes fish, and 
there is no house in the State that takes more 
pains to supply a good and reliable article, than 
that of Mr. Charles Jenkins. The premises 
occupied are of the dimensions of 18x40 feet 
and contains a stock made up of Fresh, Salt, 
Smoked and Pickled Fish, Oysters, Lobsters, 
and Clams. Pickles by the jar or gallon are 
also extensively handled and Oyster and Fancy 
Crackers are on hand in great variety. A pop- 
ular feature of the enterprise is the free deliv- 
ery of goods to any part of the city, and in fact 
the business methods throughout are as liberal 
as they are intelligent. This undertaking was 
founded in 1876 and during the past twelve 
years has become more or less familiar to every 
citizen. Therefore we need hardly say that it 
deserves hearty support, for the public have 
long since discovered that a due equivalent is 
given here for every penny expended and that 
the best of goods are supplied at the lowest 
market rates. 

Parker N. Savage, Livery Stable, Cony 
Street, Augusta. Getting a horse at the average 
Livery Stable is a good deal like getting a wife 
— you may strike a good one the first time but 
the chances are all against you. Now on the 
goodness of the horse depends all the enjoy- 
ment of driving, for one can put up with 
ancient and springless carriages, rough roads, 
and even bad weather on a pinch, as long as they 
have a speedy and willing animal between the 
shafts; but the finest vehicle and smoothest 
roads are of no avail if the horse has to be 
" driven " in fact as well as in name. A Livery 
Stable which since its establishment in 1884, 
has gained a high reputation and a large 
amount of custom by the fine character of the 
turn-outs furnished by it, is that conducted by 
Mr. Parker N. Savage on Cony Street. This 
gentleman is a native of Augusta and widely 
known here. The premises in use by him com- 
prise one building with all the facilities of a 
modern Livery and Sale Stable. A large num- 
ber of Horses and Carriages are now accom- 
modated here and those wishing to procure a 
stylish and elegant team at a reasonable price, 
should give Mr. Savage a call. Employment is 
given to capable assistants and all horses en- 
trusted to this stable are assured the best of 
care and attention, and the kindest treatment. 

F. Li. Webber, Dealer in Choice Family 
Groceries, Fine Flours, Meats, Country Produce, 
etc., No. 4 Union Block, Augusta. It is useless to 
ask our readers if they wish to be assured of 
polite treatment and fair dealing when placing 
their orders for Groceries and Provisions, for 
everybody of course does have just this wish 
and is by no means always able to gratify it. 

However, we can afford some assistance at 
least to those who are not entirely satisfied 
with their present relations with grocers, etc., 
for we feel assured that Mr. F. L. Webber, of 
No. 4 Union Block, Water Street, Augusta, is 
in a position to satisfy all who may favor him 
with their custom, and we have no doubt but 
that those who have dealings with him will 
sustain us in recommending his establishment 
to all who appreciate reliable goods and courte- 
ous treatment. This concern was first estab- 
lished twelve years ago and after one or two 
changes in its management, came under the con- 
trol of Messrs. Blackwood & Webber in 1875, 
and was successfully managed by them until 
1882, when Mr. F. L. Webber assumed full pro- 
prietorship. The premises utilized by him are 
6.5x20 feet in dimensions, and the stock on hand 
is sufficient to fill all the available space, being 
made up of Choice Family Groceries, Fine 
Flours, Meats, and Country Produce, etc., and 
beifig complete in every detail. Employment is 
given to three assistants, and Mr. Webber 
endeavors to handle no goods except such as 
he can recommend, and to place his prices at 
such figures that all will be satisfied. Mr. 
Webber is a native of Maine, and well known 
in social as well as business circles, being a 
member of the Masons, Odd Fellows, and 
United Workmen. 

J. S. Hendee, Photographer, Augusta. 
Since the time that the great French artist dis- 
covered the art of daguerreotyping, photo- 
graphy has been making rapid and continual 
advances, until to-day it occupies a position of 
commanding infiuence. Mr. J. S. Hendee, 
opened his Photographing Studio here in 1859, 
and the popularity and success which have at- 
tended his subsequent progress speaks most 
conclusively for his skill as an artist, and the 
good taste of the people of Augusta. He occu- 
pies three well-fitted up rooms, each 22x72 
feet in dimensions, and located on Water Street, 
and is prepared to offer all his patrons the 
most satisfactory work in the way of fine photo- 
graphy, and every facility is at hand in the way 
new and improved apparatus for the production 
of first-class work. An examination of his work 
and the testimony of his large circle of patrons 
will confirm all the claims for his talent and 
workmanship. Mr. Hendee is a native of Ver- 
mont and has made many friends in our midst by 
his thorough and uniform courtesy and trained 
skill as an artist. He is ably assisted in his 
Studio by the talented and popular Miss Juliet 
Bigelow, who is considered to be one of the 
finest retouchers in Maine. 




Cor. Water and Bridge Sts., 




Cony House, G. A. &, H. Cony, Proprie- 
tors,iWater Street, Augusta. It is fittincr and 
proper that in this review of tlie commercial 
interests of Augusta and vicinity, we should 
make prominent mention of such an establish- 
ment as the Cony House, for the leading hotel 
of the State's capital is certainly worthy of re- 
spectful consideration. This house Las been 
conducted without change in ownership for 
nearly a score of years, in this respect standing 
alone among similiar institutions in this city. 
The premises occupied comprise four floors of 
the dimensions of 90x60 feet, and are divided 
up into fifty rooms. Both Messrs. G. A. & H. 
■Cony are natives of Augusta, and are so univer- 
sally known here that further personal mention 
of them is hardly called for. Suffice it to say 
that although they take pride in the past record 
of the Cony House, they are by no means dis- 
posed to rest on their laurels, but on the con- 
trary are ever on the alert to improve the char- 
acter of the service offered to the public. Ten 
experienced assistants are employed and a care- 
ful supervision of the entire establishment is 
kept up, thus assuring that guests shall receive 
the attention and respect that are their due, and 
that the complete system in operation shall not 
suffer from neglect in any of its details. The 
table is supplied at all«seasons of the year with 
the best that the market affords, and the bill of 
fare is sufficiently varied to suit all tastes. Cook- 
ing and serving will be found very satisfactory, 
for great pains have been taken in this depart- 
ment and the result is most gratifying and ac- 
ceptable. The terms for regular or transient 
guests will compare favorably with those asked 
for decidedly inferior acccmimodations else- 
where, and in short liberality and experience 
are plainly observable in the management of 
this establishment from roof to cellar. A first- 
class Livery Stable is connected with the hotel, 
this being conducted by Messrs. G. A. & H. 
Cony, and having been in operation since 1874. 
Messrs. G. A. & H. ('ony are natives of this 
city, and Mr.G. A., a member of the Free Masons, 
and Mr. H. Cony, an Odd Fellow, both gentle- 
men being well known about the city. Car- 
riages will be furnished for any occasion at 
short notice, and experienced and careful 
drivers are furnished when desired. Single and 
double teams can be obtaifued here at very low 
rates, and horses suitable for ladies (»;riving can 
always be supplied. 

Augusta & Waterville Marble Works, 

W. H. Turner, Proprietor; Monuments, Tablets, 
and Grave Stones, of Italian and American 
Marble, also Scotch and American Granite 
Monuments, Bridge Street, Augusta. Main 
Street, Waterville. The enterprise known as 
the "Augusta and Waterville Marble Works," 
must be familiar to every resident of this city, 
for it has been carried on for nearly 40 years, 
having been inaugurated in 1850. A branch 
house is maintained in Waterville, on Main 
Street, and the premises occupied in this city 
comprise two floors 20x.50 feet in dimensions 
together with ample yard-room, the establish- 
ment being located on Bridge Street. Monu- 
mental Tablets and Grave Stones of Italian and 
American Marble, are dealt in very extensively 
and will be made to order at short notice. 
Designs will be furnished on application, and 

Cemetery Work of all kinds done at the lowest 
market rates and in an eminently satisfactory 
manner. The proprietor, Mr. W. H. Turner, is 
a native of Augusta and a member of the Free 
Masons. He employs five experienced and 
skilled assistants and permits no work to leave 
his premises that is not fully up to the stand- 
ard which the public have learned to expect in 
connection with orders filled at this old estab- 
lished concern. Both a wholesale and retail 
business is done and Marble is by no means 
the only material worked, for both Scotch and 
American Granite are handled to a considerable 
extent and some very tasteful and beautiful 
monuments are produced. The importance of 
combining good taste and fine workmanship in 
Cemetery work can hardly be over-estimated, 
and those having any orders to place in this 
line can do no better than to give Mr. Turner a 

Bean & Hamlin, Pianos, Organs, and Sew- 
ing Machines, 128 Water Street, next to Ken- 
nebec Saving Bank, Augusta. A most desirable 
place in Augusta, for the purchase of Pianos, 
Organs and Sewing Machines of all makes is that 
of Bean & Hamlin located at No. 123 Water St. 
This lepresentative firm was formed here in 
1888, and has from the beginning met with 
decided and deserved success. The office and 
store room are located at the above address and 
are filled to the utmost capacity with the ele- 
gant assortment of Pianos, Organs, and Sewing 
Machines of all styles and makes. They 
supply everything in their line at the lowest 
prices, for first-class instruments, and all are 
warranted, and satisfaction always guaranteed. 
Both are natives of Maine, and well known 
in the business circles of this community. They 
have unsurpsissed facilities for successfully con- 
ducting a large trade. They are reliable and re- 
sponsible in business, and have won success in 
trade here because of their sterling worth and 

Bussell & "Weston, Foreign and Domestic 
Dry Goods, under Cony House. Augusta be- 
ing one of the most popular and enterprising 
cities of the State, it is not at all surprising 
that this city is also a great distributing point 
from which goods are sent to all the sections 
adjacent. There are many enterprising firms 
here engaged almost exclusively in this class of 
trade and among these none bears a higher 
reputation, not only for energy and shrewdness, 
but also for strict commercial probity, than 
does that known as Bussell & Weston, doing 
business on Water Street, under the Cony 
House. This enterprise was founded in 1881 by 
Messrs. Bussell and Weston. The house deals 
in Foreign and Domestic Dry Goods at retail, 
and occupies a store 2.5x40 feet in dimensions, 
for the accommodation of the heavy and com- 
plete stock which is constantly on hand. Large 
quantities of everything included in the Dry 
and Fancy Goods line are disposed of, and three 
very capable, and thoroughly efficient assistants 
are employed. The individual members of the 
firm are Mr. \V. F. Bussell and Mr. N. Weston, 
both natives and highly respected citizens and 
business men of Augusta. Their trade is 
rapidly growing and they evidently have a 
bright future before them. 



G. A. Bryant, Livery and Sale Stable, 
Bowman Street, Augusta. Of the many means 
of relaxation and recreation open to the peo- 
ple nowadays, few, if any, have that perpetual 
charm and infinite variety that characterize 
riding and driving. There is something in 
associating one's self with a good Tiorse that 
almost invariably tends to drive away " the 
blues," and when gliding along behind a 
speedy stepper, the brisk motion, the fresh air, 
and the sense of power that comes when con- 
trohng a spirited and powerJul animal, all 
combine to make a man forget the rise in com 
or the drop in wheat, and cause him to be 
happy and irrepressible for the time being. So 
it is no wonder that riding and driving are pop- 
ular, and that Livei y Stables increase and mul- 
tiply. Of course to experience the pleasurable 
sensations hinted at above, you want a good 
horse, and one of the surest ways of securing 
one, if you propose to hire a turnout, is to call 
on -Mr. G. A. Bryant, who conducts the Livery 
and Sale Stable, on Bowman Street, Augusta. 
This establishment was founded in ]88;3, by 
the piesent proprietor. Two stables are occu- 
pied, covering an area of 30x100 feet, affording 
ample room for the hoises placed here on sale, 
in addition to those owned by Mr. Bryant. 
The business requires the services of very capa- 
ble assistants. Mr. Bryant is a native of, and 
extremely well known m Augusta, and his in- 
telligent efforts to provide a much more desir- 
able service to his patrons than the average sta- 
ble aflfords, have met with great success, and 
tiained him many well-wishers. The prices for 
letting horses aie as low as circumstances will 
permit, and carriages can be fuinishtd for any 
occasion at short notice. 

G. A. Bryant, Proprietor Fianklin House, 
corner Cony and Bowman Streets. Augusta 
has many fine hotels, but Jew of them com- 
bine, in so satisfactory a manner, the com- 
forts of a home and the conveniences of a 
public house, as does the j.opular Franklin 
House. It will be seen that the location of the 
house is central, and this faet, together with 
the liberal and accommodating manner in 
which the hotel is managed, have had much to 
do with the success of its entei prising propri- 
etor, Mr. G. A. Bryant, who has conducted it 
since 1885. The hotel contains eighteen looms, 
all of good size and well lighted. The closest 
inspection of the house, from roof to cellar, 
will only discover neatness and order, as the 
proprietor keeps a vigilant watch over the 
whole establishment, and not only requires his 
employees to keep affairs in that condition, but 
by personal supeiintendence satisfies himself 

that his orders are strictly complied with. 
The best of accommodation is furnished for 
either transient or regular boarders, at most 
reasonable rates, the best that the market af- 
fords being served to guests, and the large 
number that patronize the house shows how 
the treatment received is appieciated. 

C. Beale & Co., House and Sign Painters, 
and dealers in Paints, Oils, Varnishes, Japan, 
Putty, Glass and Paper Hangings, No. 5 Union 
Block, Water Street. The work of the house 
painter is very important, combining as it does, 
utility and beauty, and it is becoming more and 
more important every year as the popularity of 
'• Queen Anne," and similar styles of houses in- 
creases. The day has gone by when a square 
structure covered with white paint answered 
for a dwelling house, and nowadays we have 
cosy looking buildings with a bewildering con- 
fusion of angles, etc., painted in three or four 
colors and appearing as homelike without as 
they are inviting within. But to get the best 
effect from such dwellings it is essential that 
they should be painted by experienced hands, 
and n-t only that, but the material used should 
be firhi-class and able to stand the severity of 
our New England weather. Therefore house- 
owners will find it worth their while to take 
some little trouble to place all work of this kind 
in competent hands, and they can possibly do 
no better than to leave their orders with Messrs. 
C. Beale & Co., doing business at 5 Union 
Block, Water Street, Augusta, for this concern 
has been engaged in the painting industry since 
1833, when it was established by Mr. J. Beale 
and continued by him until 1837, when Mr. 
Heath was admitted to the firm, and its style 
became Beale & Heath. In 1850 it was changed 
to Beale & Farnham, and so continued until 
1873, when the present style was adopted of C. 
Beale &, Co. They have gained a reputation 
second to none for durable, tasteful, and en- 
tirely satisfactory work. The individual mem- 
bers of the present firm are Messrs. C. Beale, F. 
H. Beale, and E. F. Blackman, all of whom are 
natives of Maine, and well-known and highly 
respected business men of this community. 
The business piemises occupied by Messrs. C. 
Beale & Co., consists of three floors and base- 
ment of the building, each (50x22 feet in size, 
where in addition to custom work in House and 
Sign Painting they have a wholesale and retail 
qrade in Paints, Oils, Varnishes. Japan, Putty, 
Glass, and Paper Hangings. Employment is 
given to a larpe number of thoroughly experi- 
enced and skilled assistants, and all orders in 
any of the above lines of business will be 
promptly filled and executed in the [most satis- 
factory manner. 


-OF — 


MN this State of magnificent rivers, the Kennebec has been widely regarded as 
unsurpassed for its beauty, and the power and charms of tlie towns and cities 
which adorn its banks. Since the early days of the colony, Gardiner has always been 
among the most influential and prominent of the communities in this part of the State. 
With Hallowell and Augusta it gives a solidity and power to this heart of the State 
which makes it a great center of industrial and political interest. The Kennebec 
Indians were the first known human occupants of this vicinity. They have left 
traditions and memorials not loud but deep. The bones of tlieir departed ancestors 
are occasionally discovered throughout this region. All evidences go to show that 
the tribe was powerful and advanced beyond the ordinary Indian standard. Their 
form of government and mode of life was nearly the best that has been discovered to 
exist upon the hunting stage. They had their councils and chiefs, their orators, poli- 
tical managers and medicine men. The fertility of the soil made them more than 
commonly agricultural in their tastes, so that they were in the main a peaceful tribe, 
and did not give much annoyance to the p]nglish, who first came into this region to 
form a permanent settlement about the middle of the 18th century, though there had 
been trading stations alonsr the river before that time. 

After various transitions of ownership, a grant of this region was made in 1729 to 
William Bradford, of the New Plymouth colony, the title later revoking to the 
colony itself. Through the " Kennebec Purchase," Dr. Sylvester Gardiner became a 
proprietor in the company endeavoring to colonize this region in 1754, and to him 
this region owes more than to any other man. Dr. Sylvester Gardiner was one of 
Boston's most talented, learned and able professional men. Greatly interested in the 
growth of this vicinity, he gave such earnest and energetic attention to its progress 
that a large grant of land here was awarded him for his services. In 1760, he sent 
out a little company of seven men and four women, with their families, who were 
landed at this point of the river, and laid the foundation of the town afterward 
named in Dr. Gardiner's honor. 



In the following year Dr. Gardiner had a mill erected here, which was of great 
utility to the little but growing village. Among the earliest settlers were Thomas, 
Fitch, Lovis, Winslow, Davis, McCausland and Philbrook. The first white child 
born was Jonathan Winslow. Before the settlement advanced very far it was con- 
fronted with the intemperance question in the large importation of bad whiskey, etc., 
which obstruction to their progress was not removed until after a long and hard 
struggle. Benaiah Door, who came here in 1763, became influential in the early days 
of Gardiner. 

Dr. Sylvester Gardiner, 
though very energetic and 
successful in the druggist 
business, where he made his 
fortune, had strong conserv- 
ative leanings. He was one 
of the largest proprietors in 
the State of Maine, owning 
here over 100,000 good acres ; 
but when the Revolution 
came on he gave them all up 
for the sake of principle and 
the mother country. As he 
espoused the British cause he 
was obliged to leave Boston 
and his great possessions be- 
hind. But through many lit- 
igations after the war, his 
sons managed to gain pos- 
session of their legitimate 
heritage, which gave im- 
mense returns for Dr. Gardi- 
ner's laborious efforts. After 
the war, Dr. Gardiner re- 
turned to Boston, and died at Newport in 1786. 

The Revolution, however, found few Tories in this vicinity. Great enthusiasm was 
shown in the support of the principles and battles of the Revolution. By united 
action the settlers around were able to send a company of thirty men, under Reuben 
Colburn, to Cambridge in 1775. Others also enlisted in the disastrous expedition to- 
Canada under Benedict Arnold, who passed through the Kennebec valley in the fall 
of 1775. The town contributed more than its due share, and took the deepest interest 
in the great cause; none rejoicing more heartily in the Declaration of Peace in 1783. 

The closing years of the eighteenth and first of the nineteenth century were ones 
of marked progress. By 1803, this part of the region had so increased as to be set 
of£ from Pittston and incorporated as a separate town. Its original name was " Cab- 
bassia," from the Indian, meaning "the place where sturgeon abound." At this time 
the population was estimated at about two hundred and fifty inhabitants. 

The "CASTLE," one of the Oldest Buildings. 



The first town officers were as follows: — Moderator, Dudley B. Hobart; Town 
Clerk, Seth Gray; Selectmen, B. Gannett, D. B. Hobart and William Barker. Soon 
after tliis the primitive name was changed in honor of the family which had done so 
much to upbuild the place. The Gardiner Lyceum was founded in 1822, and was a 
strong influence in advancing the intellectual life of the place from that time on. 

Among the most prominent citizens of Gardiner at this period was the Hon. Geo. 
Evans, who represented this District in Congress and was a leading man in State 
politics for many years. 

An important commercial epoch was inaugurated in 1826, by the arrival of the first 
steamer run on the Kennebec, The Waterville. Since then the facilities for transpor- 
tation on water have rapidly increased, and now constant communication by water i» 
maintained with Boston and other great cities. This fact has been very helpful to- 
our business interests, developing them and rendering Gardiner one of the choicest- 
places for manufacturing settlement in the State. This place is now the practical 
head of summer navigation on the Kennebec. 

In 1848, the beautiful Oak Grove Cemetery was completed and consecrated. In 
1850, the arrival of the first telegraphic dispatch ; and in 1851, the entrance of the 
first railroad train into Gardiner were events of deep and wide importance, whose 


influence of upbuilding has been constantly felt up to the present time. Among the 
most remarkable men Gardiner produced in the first half of the century was William 
Burns, born in 1819, who achieved a great success, both in Boston and New York, as 
a leading journalist. The population of Gardiner in 3 850 had arisen to 6,486, and its 
valuation was $2,098,000. In the same year it was incorporated as a city, the first 
mayor being Mr. R. H. Gardiner, and the city clerk John Webb. Since that time 
Gardiner has continued to develop its municipal government until it is so effectual 
and reliable that it is a model, and has been, to many new cities. The Kennebec river 
at Gardiner can easily float a vessel of 800 tons, and during the first half of this cen- 



tury the shipping interests of Gardiner were prosperous and progressive. The decay 
of this interest, and the separation from Gardiner of other towns, tended to retard its 
growth, but tlie introducing of manufacturing enterprises has neutralized it and inau- 
gurated a great advance movement. 

The military history of Gardiner has been honorable and energetic. A riflemen 
company was formed in 1813, which took an important part in the land troubles about 
Augusta in that year. In the Mexican war the city was represented by Col. F. T. 
Lally, Capt. Chas. N. Bodfish and other gallant soldiers. The duties involved by the 
civil war were discharged witli eagerness and celerity. A full quota of men was sent, 
largely enlisted in the 1st, 3d, 9th, 11th, 14th, 15th, 24th, 28th and 29th State Volun- 
unteer Regiments. Col. Geo, M. Atwood, of the 24th, and other gallant officers and 
men maintained the honor of the city, not without loss "and death. The city contrib- 
uted generously to all allied measures, and has not ceased to cherish the memory of 
its noble soldier sons. 


= »--1KAii.-0; 


_. ^'-jsif^'Z'^^ 

The water supply 
of Gardiner is chief- 
ly confined to the 
Cabossee Center riv- 
er, though there is 
a possibility of vast 
power to be obtain' 
ed from the Keime- 
bec by wise utiliza- 
tion. On the former 
stream there are 
eight powers whose 
lowest possible value 
is 1200 horse, and GARDINER WATER WORKS. 

which is capable of great advancement. The privileges for manufacturing here are of 
the finest, both as concerns the natural power and facilities of market. Among the 
chief interests are lumber, machines, iron work, furniture, grain, plaster, woolen goods, 
paper, carriages, axes, brooms and other utensils. No observant man can doubt that 
Gardiner is destined to great progress along these and other industrial lines. 

Gardiner has always been famed for its refinement and high moral standard. The 
schools are liberally and wisely managed; the churches and all charities and benevo- 
lent work admirably sustained. The situation of the city is remarkably beautiful and 
healthful. All sanitary measures have received careful attention, and natural advan- 
tages improved by wise measures and works. The water supply is unsurpassed, and 
no luxury or utility necessary to a modern city is lacking. It is a most delightful 
spot for a long and delightful summer residence. The cool breezes from the river, the 
charming drives throughout the vicinity which contains many attractions, and the 
easy communications possible with the great cities, render it a favorite among summer 
visitors, who have come to see its advantages. Every year these become better 
known, and as the fame of the city spreads, there can be little doubt that the spirit 



which carried it forward in the past will continue its development until before many- 
decades it takes its natural jjlace among the leading social and industrial centers of 
the State. 

From the commercial standpoint recent years have brought good results and promise 
of greater things in the immediate future. A more admirable situation to enjoy and 
share all the advancing prosperity of the Garden State could hardly be chosen. With 
the finest water and 

rail facility, being on 
the main line of the 
Maine Central rail- 
road, and connected 
with Boston also by 
a steamer route mak- 
ing several round 
trips a week. Mag- 
nificent passenger 
steamers render this 
line a most enjoya- 
ble one during the 
season, and freight 
rates to Boston and 
the whole country 

are reduced by the transportation of this excellent route. The large business devel- 
opment in many lines has served to advance the prosperity of the whole city. 

The advantages of locating here for any manufacturer could hardly be over esti- 
mated. Great inducements are oflfered and the facilities and privileges here are un- 
surpassed. With \,\e tested and reliable enterprise of its citizens, and the great 
opportunities now opening before the city, it is not unreasonable to expect that Gar- 
diner is destined to sure and advancing prosperity, and that it will come to be one of 
the leading centers of the Kennebec valley, after all, and prominent among the largest 
and most influential cities of the State. 





a^RDI^ER, ME. 

Z. F. Liittle, Dealer in Dry Goods, Water 
Street, Gardiner. There are not a few people 
who have a preference for being served with 
promptness and politeness when purchasing 
goods of any kind, and such people are very 
apt to fail to see the advantages of dealing at 
an immense establishment, where there is so 
beautiful a " system," that while the customers 
are waiting for their goods so much time elapses 
that there is danger of their being out of style 
before they are received, and will not tolerate 
being obliged to waste time, as is frequently 
the case in larger stores — Boston and New 
York. Many shoppers know from sad experi- 
ence what it is to make their way through a 
struggling crowd to some counter in an im- 
mense store, only to be told that the " depart- 
ment" of which they are in search is some- 
where in the vicinity of a half-mile or so far- 
ther along, and finally, after having by persist- 
ent exertion reached the spot pointed out, had 
to wait anywhere from five minutes to half an 
hour before they transacted their business and 
received the goods. But those familiar with 
shopping at the dry goods establishment con- 
ducted by Mr. Z. F. Little, of Water Street, 
Gardiner, will, by entering this popular store, 
select his goods, pay for them, and be on the 
street again in less time than the first opera- 
tion could be gone through with in some places. 
When hunting for " bargains," don't forget 
that " time is money," and few of us can afford 
to waste it. Without any exaggeration, this 
store may be considered as one of the largest 
and best conducted this side of Boston. It 
contains two floors, each 50x80 feet in dimen- 
sions, both splendidly lighted and well venti- 
lated, divided into several departments, all of 
which are attended to by courteous assistants. 
The shelves are filled with a complete assort- 
ment of everything pertaining to a first-class 
Dry-Goods Store, and the counters always con- 
tain a great variety of "great bargains." Not 
only Dry and Fancy Goods are on hand, but 
also a select stock of Carpets, Wall Papers and 
Crockery. Mr. Little started in business in 
Gardiner, January 1, 1883, a few doors from his 
present store, but as the trade increased to 
such an extent that room for customers was 
sometimes at a premium, he was compelled to 
have an establishment built according to his 
need of space, which was done under his own 
directions, and on September 1, 1885, he re- 
moved into his present capacious emporium. 

Mr. Little is one of the shrewdest buyers, and' 
dealing with the manufacturers directly, as he 
buys in quantities, he is enabled to defy any 
competitors, and his prices therefore are "bed 
rock." As a man of great business capacity, 
enterprising and courteous to all, Mr. Little has 
contrived to make his establishment the most 
popular one for miles surrounding, and is al- 
ways willing to further the interests of the city 
by giving Jiis personal support to any new 
enterprise. Mr. Little is looked upon as one of 
Gardiner's most energetic and honored business 
men and citizens. 

J. C. Lander, Dealer in Hardware, Ship 
Chandlery, Crockery, Glass and Plated Ware, 
Paints, Oils, Cordage etc., 233 Water Street, 
Gardiner. Goods delivered free of charge. 
This year marks the 22d anniversary of the 
founding of the enterprise carried on by 
Mr. J. C. Lander at No. 2-33 Water Street, and 
it is fitting that this iwiew of Gardiner's bus- 
iness interests should make prominent mention 
of the house in question, not alone from the 
fact alluded to above, but also because this en- 
terprise is one of the most popular in this sec- 
tion of the State, and is generally recognized 
as being a truly representative undertaking. 
Operations were begun under the firm name of 
Tibbets & Lander, the present proprietor 
assuming sole control in 1874, or just eight 
years after the business was established. He 
is a native of this city, and is almost universally 
known hereabouts, having served in the City J 
Government, and being prominently connected * 
with both the Free Masons and the Odd 
Fellows. Mr. Lander occupies premises of 
the dimensions of 25x60 feet, compi'ising three 
floors, and also utilizes a spacious storehouse 
for the accommodation of a portion of his 
large and varied stock, which includes Hard- 
ware, Ship Chandlery, Crockery, Glass and 
Plated Ware. Paints, Oils, Cordage etc. These 
goods are offered at the lowest market rates, 
Mr. Lander enjoying the most favorable rela- 
tions with producers etc., and hence being 
able to buy to the best possible advantage. 
He acts as agent for the sale of White, New 
Home and Remington Sewing Machines and j 

does a large business in this department alone, 
as the inducements he offers are too exceptional 
to disregard. Orders are promptly filled and. 
goods delivered free of charge. 



A. C. Stilphen, j^ttorney and Dealer in 
Investment Securities, Gardiner. One of the 
best known gentlemen in Kennebec County is 
A. C. Stilphen was born in Dresden, Lincoln 
County, Me., in 1842, coming to Gardiner in 
1862, since which time he has been identified 
with its interests. During the late war, and for 
several years after, Mr. Stilphen held the posi- 
tion of deputy collector of Internal Revenue, 
much of the time acting as collector. In 18(39, 
was admitted to the bar in Augusta, since 
which time he has practiced in Gardiner. Ow- 
ing, however, to his large practice from corpo- 
rations, and his interest in financial matters, he 
has withdrawn from general practice, confin- 
ing himself to corporations only. He is a di- 

absolute correctness the quality of every title 
submitted to him. The three rules to be ob- 
served as requisite to a good mortgage loan are 
the following, viz.: — Firxt, Ample security in 
the value of the property mortgaged. Second, 
An absolutely perfect title. Third, Proper care 
and watchfulness of the property mortgaged 
as security, after the loan has been made to 
prevent waste and depreciation. We claim 
that every loan we make is, and shall be, 
founded upon an unqualified observance of the 
three rules above mentioned; and we further 
claim that our mortgage loans will bear the 
closest inspection by the most conservative in- 
vestors; and to make valid and available this 
claim, this committee will repurchase any loan 

rector in the Oakland Manufacturing Company, it makes and sells, if the purcliaser of it, after 
and was general manager for the first seven \ an examination of the security, can demon- 
years. He is also director and general repre- i strate that the security was not exactly as we 

sentative for Maine of the Commonwealth Loan 
and Trust Company, who negotiate and deal in 
First Mortgages on Improved Farm and City 
Property in Eastern Kansas and Western Mis- 
souri. Also in strictly first-class City, County, 
School and Water Bonds. We take the follow- 
ing from their circular: — 

"The business of this Company is to obtain, 
by loans of money, first mortgages on improved 
farms and city property in Kansas and Mis- 
souri, in sums varying from $200 to $10,000, and 
offer the same for sale to Eastern investors. 
We do not loan money in the far Western and 
undeveloped counties of Kansas, Nebraska and 
Dakota. We prefer to accept a lower i-ate of 
interest than is obtair ed by some other Com- 
panies that loan there, and thereby save all 
doubts as to the character of our securities. 
We make loans in Eastern Kansas and Western 
Missouri (in the counties bordering on Kansas), 
where corn, cattle and hogs constitute the 
chief products of the farming communities, 
and are a never-failing source of profit to the 
farmer. We loan only on first mortgages, cover- 
ing improved property valued at not less than 
three times the amount of the loan in each in- 
stance. The principal and interest of all our 
loans are payable at our Boston ofiice (interest 
semi-annually). We deliver to each purchaser 
of a loan a full set of papers, viz.. Mortgage 
Note or Bond, Mortgage Deed, Abstract of Ti- 
tle, and Insurance Policy when there is insur- 
ance on the buildings. We take care of every 
loan we sell until it is paid off — principal and 
interest. We collect and pay the interest, see 
that taxes are paid by the borrower on the 
property mortgaged, and that the insurance is 
kept in force. We watch the property to pre- 
vent strip or waste, or depreciation for want of 
proper repairs, and thereby save the investor 
all trouble and expense of looking after his 
security. We do not make a loan on any prop- 
erty until our inspector employed for this 
special purpose examines and reports all the 
facts respecting it, and such report has been 
approved by the Kansas City office. Our in- 
spectors are salaried men, and the tenure of 
their employment with us depends upon the 
ability, accuracy and care they exhibit in mak- 
ing a thorough examination and conservative 
estimate of the value of the properties they 
inspect. Abstracts of title are examined with 
tlie utmost care by an attorney, with special 
reference to his competency to certify with 

represented it to be when he purchased it. 
This is the plan on which the Commonwealth 
Loan and Trust Company does business, and 
we do not believe in any other plan. Intelli- 
gent Eastern investors buy Western mortgages 
of those companies, or persons, in whom they 
have personal confidence. Large capital stock 
and high-sounding phrases do not influence 
them. The absolute fact that the security is 
ample and the borrower a trustworthy debtor, 
are the business conditions that every investor 
should insist on. We secure these conditions, 
and can assure our customers that the princi- 
pal of the loans purchased of us will be paid at 
maturity, and the interest promptly paid as it 
accrues. Our accounts are kept at the Boston 
office, and will show at any time the exact fi- 
nancial condition of the Company; and any of 
our customers or stockholders are cordially in- 
vited to call on us at any time, and receive a 
statement of our assets and liabilities. Inter- 
est coupons on all loans sold by us are cashed 
at our Boston office, 131 Devonshire Street. 
Funds may be deposited with us, at either of 
our Eastern offices, for investment, and inter- 
est at six per cent per annum will be allowed 
on the same from the date of deposit until 
placed in satisfactory mortgage loans and the 
loans delivered. At close of business, July 31, 
1888, being the end of its first eighteen months 
business, the Company had deduced in divi- 
dends fifteen per cent on its capital stock, and 
had additional undivided profits amounting to 
fourteen per cent. 


HoK. Oscar H. Bradley . . . East Jaffrey, N. H. 
Pres. Monadnock Savings Bank. 

Geo. M. Woodward Taunton, Mass. 

Pres. Taunton Copper Mnfg. Company. 

Geo. F. Baker Boston, Mass. 

A. C. Stilphen Gardiner, Me. 


Edwin B. Rogers Brookline, Mass. 

Treasurer Bay State Boot and Shoe Co. 

F. H. Foster Topeka, Kan. 


F. M. Hayward Topeka, Kan. 


Dr. F. D'Obert Topeka, Kan. 

C. A. Parks , Boxton, Mass. 

W. W. Mason Bostc^i. Mass. 

L. R. Smith Kansas City, Mo. 

Late Cashier Bank of Odessa. 





Manufacturers and Wholesale Dealers in 

(Jutstef^, Conductoi'^, Moldiiig^, Bed plafs^, 

Spring Bed Stack, BrDDm Handles, &c. 

74 and 96 Summer Street, Gardiner. 

One of the prominent manufacturing enter- 
prises that h;ive done so much to give (iardiner 
the leading po-ition it occupies, is that carried 
on by the Oakland Manufacturing Company, 
74 to 96 Summer Street. This Company pro- 
duces and sells at wholesale, Gutters, Conduc- 
tors, Moldings, Bed Slats, etc.. together with 
Broom Handles, Spring Bed Stock and other 
commodities of similar character. The entire 
plant utilized, covers an area of two acres of 
ground and includes five buildings, fitted up 
with improved machinery and supplied with 
100-horse water power, in addition to that 
aflforded by a 40horse steam engine. The 
annual out-put of the works is very large, the 
company having prosecuted the enterprise in 
question for about seventeen years and built up 
a heavy and increasing demand for its pro- 
ductions. The success attained is of 
due to various causes, but the chief element 
which has aided in bringing it about is the lib- 
erality and enterprise the company has shown 
in keeping itself fully up to the times as re- 
gards facilities for carrying on the business to 
the best possible advantage. By taking this 
course, it is enabled to easily meet all compe- 
tition, either as regards the excellence or the 
cheapness of the articles handled, and thus add 
to i'ts list of customers continuously. The 

President, Mr. J. Gray, and the Treasurer, Mr. 
A. E. Wing, are both well-known citizens who 
are highly esteemed in the community, and the 
works are under the immediate supervision 
of Mr. A. W. McCausland, the efficient Superin- 

To meet all demands for large orders for 
quick delivery, they carry an immense stock of 
hard and soft wood lumber, which is kept in 
huge piles in their mills, stock-houses and 
yard.s. Their four dry-kilns are kept in con- 
stant use night and day, drying stock for dif- 
ferent uses. All of their mills and yards are 
well protected from fire by eight hydrants, 
which are connected directly with the city 
water company's mains, and show a pressure 
of ninety-five pounds, thus requiring no other 
power to force an abundance of water to any 
point required. Adding to the above watch- 
men's clocks, electric alarms, etc., their cus- 
tomers can feel assured of prompt attention. 

The work of such Mills has wrought a great 
change in carpentering, relieving it of the hard 
hand work formerly spent upon planing and 
jointing, tongueing and grooving, woi'king 
gutters and moldings, sawing brackets, etc. 
The proprietors thoroughly understand their 





taken as a whole, is hard to match in this city. 
It includes Fresh, Salt, Dry and Pickled Fish, 
Beef, Pork, Lamb, Mutton, Poultry, Veal, Tripe, 
Salt and Smoked Provisions, Flour, Staple and 
Fancy Groceries, Country Produce, Cigars and 
Tobacco, etc., and is offered at prices that have 
done much to build up the very heavy trade 
that this firm is engajied in. Deserving to rank 
among the -eally great inventions of the nine- 
teenth century, is that by which food products 


Fresh, Salt, Dry and Pickled Fish, 

Beef, Pork, Lamb, Mutton, Poultry, Veal, Tripe, Salt Provisions, Sausages, 

Choice Brands of Flour, Staple and Fancy Groceries, Country Produce, 

Cigars, Tobacco, Fruit and Vegetables. 

The first necessity of life is food. We may 
manage to do without proper clothing, and may 
retain health with perfect ease when dressed in 
rags, but no long continued abstinence from 
nutritious food is possible without its resulting 
in serious harm. Therefore the question of 
food supply is of prime importance, and the 
reason why we have given great prominence to 
the establishments devoted to furnishing the 
public with Groceries, Provisions, etc., becomes 
evident to all. The enterprise carried on by 
Messrs. C. E. Wakefield & Son, on Water St., 
is worthy of particular mention in this con- 
nection, and when we come to review the man- 
agement given it during that long period of 
time, we have done much to explain the large 
measure of success attained. Judging from the 

results at hand, there seems to be no question may be perfectly and cheaply preserved for any 
b ut that from its inception this business has period of time, for, by this process, a possible 

future shortage of the crops may be 
provided for, or those who would other- 
wise be deprived of the healthful influ- 
ence of fresh meats or fresh vegetables, 
supplied with both these articles in 
first-class condition. There is an im- 
mense amount of capital engaged in the 
packing industry, and some brands of 
these goods have gained a world-wide 
celebrity; but for evenness of merit and 
fineness of flavor, there are none which 
deserve to be classed above those sold 
here. It has been well said by one who 
had made the subjpct a life-study, that 
the sea, baiien and sterile as it appears, 
was nevei tlieless capable of producing 
more food to the iicre than any species 
of soil, however fertile. The great value 
of fish, oysters, etc., as a cheap and em- 
inently nutritious food, has been known 
for many years, but as by analysis, ex- 
perimenting, etc,, the peculiar proper- 
ties of the vaiious articles of food 
been carried on with an eye to the interest of | used by man have been ascertained, fi sh has 
patrons as well as to those of the firm. It is become more firmly established than ever in 
evident that the popularity of this house could 1 popular favor. Fresh fish to be good must be 
not be nearly so great as it is were the contrary fresh, and the best way of assuring one that 
the case, and as this is the right spirit in which it is supplied in that condition is to deal only 
to conduct any business venture, we are very with a responsible and reliable house. The 
happy to be in a position to give it the public | premises occupied comprise two floors and a 
recognition it deserves. The interests of the j basement, and measure 20x60 feet, employ- 
customers are looked out for in various ways. | ment being afforded to four competent assist- 
First, the quality of the goods handled is kept ants, and both a wholesale and retail business 
as high as possible; then every effort is made to I done. Mr. C. E. Wakefield was born in 
assure prompt and polite attention to all pa- \ Gardiner, and is widely known about towH. 
trons, and finally, the goods are sold at the ] He is connected with the Odd Fellows, and 
very lowest rates consistent with a living profit, j both he and his sou are much respected for 
These gentlemen carry a stock that is remark- 1 uniform fair dealing, and as enterprising and 
able alike for extent and variety, and that, ; progressive business men. 



J. A. Jackson, Druggist aud Apothecary, 
wholesale and retail dealer in Patent Medicines, 
Taney Goods, Paints, Oils, Dye Stuffs, Perfum- 
ery and Cigars, Corner Store, opposite Evans 
Hotel, Gaidiner. It would be a strange omis- 
sion did we not make mention of the time- 
honored establishment conducted by Mr. J. A, 
Jackson on Water Street, opposite the Evans 
Hotel, for this enterprise is a truly representa- 
tive one in every sense of the word, and no 
review of Gardiner's business interests can be 
considered as complete unless it contains some 
account of the undertaking in question. Oper- 
ations were begun in 1855, under the firm-name 
of -J. A. Jackson & Co., and five years later Mr. 
Jackson assumed sole control, and has since re- 
tained it. He is a native of Pittston, aud a 
member of the Odd Fellows, being known 
throughout the community. The premises 
utilized comprise two floors and a basement; 
the stock on hand is as varied as it is large, 
being made up of Patent Medicines, Fancy 
Goods, Paints, Oils, Dye Stuffs, Perfumery, 
Cigars aud many other articles, a very extensive 
wholesale and retail business being carried on. 
Mr. Jackson employs two experienced and cour- 
teous assistants, and all callers are assured 
prompt and polite attention. The compound- 
ing of Physicians' Prescriptions is made a 
specialty, and great pains are taken to continue 
the high record this establishment has held for 
so many years in this department. The stock 
of Drugs, Chemicals etc., is very large and most 
carefully selected, and so far as experience and 
ability will admit, mistakes are made impossi- 
ble. The charges will be found to be moderate 
and fair, and orders will be filled with the 
utmost celerity consistent with safety. 

G. S. & G. L. Kogrers, Jewelry and Sil- 
ver Ware, Water Street, Gardiner. It is impos- 
sible to use too much care in the selection of 
Jewelry, for there is no article of personal wear 
that is looked upon as more accurately repre- 
senting the taste and position of its owner. 
Eichness is to be sought for, while showiness 
is of course to be avoided, and the most satis 
factory method with which we are acquainted, 
to obtain jewelry that will please the eye and 
not offend the taste, is to visit such an estab- 
lishment as that conducted by Messrs. G, S. & 
G. L. Rogers, on Water Street, and make 
choice from the many standard articles and 
fashionable novelties kept in stock. As this 
enterprise has been cairied on for the last 
thirty-one years, its proprietors ought certainly 
to have a well-established reputation by this 
time, and such of our readers as live in Gardi- 
ner or vicinity need hardly be told what stand- 
ing is held by Messrs. G. S. & G. L. Rogers, for 
this concern has ranked with the most reliable 
in the State for many years. The premises 
utilized are 20x60 feet in size, and the assort- 
ment of Jewelry, Silver Ware, etc., shown, is a 
most complete and varied one. This firm are 
in a position to meet all honorable competition, 
and while they pay more attention to the qual- 
ity of their goods than to offering cheap arti- 
cles, their prices will be found to compare fa- 
vorably with those quoted at other establish- 
ments on goods of equal merit. 

R. A. Sagrer, Manufacturer and Dealer in 
Harness, Saddles, Bridles, Collars, Whips, 
Robes, etc., 146 Water Street, Gardiner. Some 
horses are so intelligent that they can do about 
everything but talk, and it is to be regretted in 
some cases that they cannot do that also, for if 
they could, they would be able to express their 
opinion of the kind of harness they have to 
wear sometimes, and this opinion would be 
well worth hearing, you may be sure. It pays 
to get good harness every time. Your horse 
feels better, acts better, moves better, and looks 
better, and the expense of providing him with 
a first-class harness is not necessarily any 
more than the price that is often demanded for 
an inferior article. The whole secret is, — go 
to the right place. Mr. R. A. Sager, of No. 
146 Water Street, has been known in connec- 
tion with his present enterprise since 1848. He 
is, as may be supposed, a thoroughly expert 
harness maker, and allows nothing to leave his 
shop that is not done in a careful and work- 
manlike manner. Mr. Sager was born in Hal- 
lowell, Me., and is a member of the Free Ma- 
sons. He is known thi'oughout this section, 
and his work is even better known than him- 
self, for it is in active demand, and is recog- 
nized as being of standard quality. The prem- 
ises in use measure 20x50 feet, and five compe- 
tent assistants are employed. Harness, Sad- 
dles, Bridles, Collars, Whips, Robes, and other 
horse goods, are kept in stock, and offered at 
bottom prices, and no one wanting a trustwor- 
thy article of this kind will regret placing their 
order with Mr. Sager. 

J. B. Libby, Carriage aud Sleigh Manufac- 
turer, corner Church aud Mechanic Streets, 
Gardiner. That it is always best to get a 
good article is a tolerably safe assertion to 
make, for the few exceptions that might be 
pointed out only serve to emphasize the rule. 
Particularly is this the case where Carriages 
and such light vehicles are concerned, for these 
articles have many severe strains, and much 
constant wear put upon them, and hence it is 
absolutely necessary that they be constructed 
of the best materials, put together in a careful 
and skillful manner. The Carriages and Sleighs 
made by Mr. J. B. Libby, at his establishment 
on the corner of Church and Mechanic Streets, 
serve to prove the truth of what we have stated, 
for these productions have gone into general 
use since Mr. Libby began operations in 1873, 
and their enviable record under the most unfa- 
vorable conditions, shows that selected stock 
and good workmanship can always be depended 
upon to win. The premises occupied comprise 
three floors, of the dimensions of 20x60 feet, 
and are fitted up with all the machinery, etc., 
necessary to carry on the manufacture of Fine 
Carriages and Sleighs to the best advantage. 
Particular attention is given to Order Work, and 
Mr. Libby is always ready to hear suggestions 
from his patrons as regards the style and ar- 
rangement of their vehicles, and to carry them, 
if practical, or show where they can be im- 
proved, if improvement is necessary. Repair- 
ing is also done with neatness and dispatch, at 
low rates, and seven competent assistants are 
at hand to fill all orders without delay. 



.THE ONLY •• • • 


A. Li. Stephenson, Successor to J. W. 
Estes & Son, Boots, Shoes and Rubbers, 125 
Water Street, Gardiner. There are probably 
very few of our readers but what have experi- 
enced more or less difficulty in getting foot-wear 
to suit them, for it is a well-known fact that 
boots and shoes are among the hardest of all 
articles of wearing apparel to select. The most 
successful dealer is the man who recognizes the 
diversity of taste among his customers, and 
acts accordingly. Therefore after inspecting 
the stock carried by Mr. A. L. Stephenson at 
No. 125 Water Street, one feels no surprise at 
the very extensive business carried on, for it is 
plainly evident that provision is made for sup- 
plying widely varying wants. Boots and Shoes 
for business, street and dress wear are included 
in the assortment offered, and by no means the 
least noticeable characteristic of this establish- 
ment are the bottom prices quoted in the vari- 
ous departments. Mr. Stephenson acts as 
agent for the celebrated '' James Mean's Three 
Dollar Shoes " and also for the famous Howard 
Shoes, which take a high rank among the finest 
goods produced. He is also agent for the 
American Rubber Company, and always has a 
full assortment of the standard rubbers, over- 
shoes etc., made by that well-known corpora- 
tion. Mr. Stephenson is a native of Hingham, 
Mass., and is connected with the Odd Fellows 
and the Knights of Pythias. He succeeded 
Messrs. J. W. Estes & Son in the control of his 
present business early in 1888, and his reputa- 
tion for enterprise and fair dealing is already 
firmly established. Customers not only know 
what they are gettihg, but also know that they 
are being supplied at the lowest market rates, 
and the stock is so large and varied that the 
most difficult feet can be fitted, while the latest 
novelties are always to be found therein. 

William Jewell, Livery Stable, 61 Water 
Street, Gardiner. The person that doesn't go 
to ride more or less when in Gardiner or its 
vicinity, makes a big mistake, for if he or she 
is ill, it will do them good, and if sickness is 
not present, the invigorating motion, the pure 
air, and the enjoyment of the beautiful scenery 
will drive it farther away than ever. The man 
■who told a friend that remonstrated with him 
for spending his money on horse hire, that he 
was " only paying his doctor's bill in advance, 
and getting a bij; discount," evidently knew 
just what he was talking about, for pure air 
and healthful diversions are the cheapest of 
drugs, and are all the more worthy of being 
taken advantage of because they are within 

the reach of all. A team can be hired for a 
very small sum of money, and if you don't 
believe that a good horse and carriage can be 
secured at a Livery Stable, just call on Mr. 
William Jewell, on Water Street, and see what 
he can do for you. Mr. Jewell only opened 
his stables in 1886, but he has already obtained 
a large circle of patrons, and owes the greater 
part of this success to his policy of furnishing 
first-class accommodations at reasonable rates. 
He was born in Topsham, Me., and has many 
friends in this city. The premises utilized 
measure 40x70 feet, and three competent assist- 
ants are employed, all orders being given 
prompt and painstaking attention. 

Wadsworth Brothers, Manufacturers of 
Cherry. Imitation Cherry, Ash and Oak Cham- 
ber Sets, Water Street, Gardiner. No doubt 
most, if not all of our readers, have noticed the 
improvement in quality and reduction in price 
that have occurred in connection with the man- 
ufacture of household furniture of late years, 
and if so, some of them must have wondered 
how this condition of affairs was brought 
about. Well, it may be broadly said that the 
chief reasons are the general introduction of 
improved machinery, and the dividing-up of 
furniture-making into specialties. For in- 
stance, the well-known house of Wadsworth 
Brothers, doing business on Water Street, this 
city, makes a specialty of the manufacture of 
Cherry, Imitation Cherry, Ash and Oak Cham- 
ber Sets. The premises utilized comprise four 
floors of the dimensions of 40x70 feet, and two 
floors measuring 40x20 feet, costly and ingen- 
ious machinery being operated by water power, 
and employment being given to fifteen expe- 
rienced assistants. This enterprise has been 
carried on for nearly a quarter of a century, 
having been inaugurated in 1865 by Messrs. 
Morgan & Sypher. The firm name was changed 
during the same year to L. W. Tibbetts & 
Morgan, and again in 1866, to Tibbetts. Morgan 
& Co. In 1868, Mr. M. C. Wadsworth, the 
senior partner of the present firm, assumed 
control, and in 1886. the existing co-partnership 
was entered into under the style of Wadsworth 
Brothers. Both members of the firm are na- 
tives of Pittston and members o( the Free 
Masons, and Mr. M. C. Wadsworth has filled 
many public positions of trust, such as mem- 
ber of the city council and of the school com- 
mittee, representative to the legislature for 
two years, etc., beside being connected with 
the Grand Army. He saw a good deal of ac- 
tive service during the Rebellion, going in as a 
private in Company B of the 16th Maine, and 
coming out as 2d lieutenant. Some of the 
most important engagements of the entire war 
were participated in by Mr. Wadsworth, for he 
fought at South Mountain. Fredericksburgh, 
Chancellorsville and Gettysburgh, being taken 
prisoner on that last historic field, and confined 
for twenty long months, during which time he 
saw the inside of Libby, Danville, Macon, Sa- 
vannah, Charleston, and Columbia prisons. 
Both Mr. M. C. Wadsworth and his brother are 
very extensively known in Gardiner and vicin- 
ity, and in a business way are even more widely 
acquainted, shipping goods to nearly every part 
of the State, and carrying on a large and in- 
creasing trade. 



A. Bailey, Fire Insurance, Depot Square, 
Gardiner. In spite of the fact that American 
fire apparatus is unquestionably the finest in 
the world, and that the Fire Departments of our 
large cities are made up of picked men, drilled 
with almost military severity, and capable of 
accomplishing astonishing results, fire losses 
in this country are greatly in excess of those 
occuring in other civilized communities, where 
the provision made for fighting fire is not near- 
ly so elaborate or so effective. The explanation 
of this apparent contradiction lies in the diif- 
erence between the method of building at home 
and abroad ; the English or French Warehouses 
and other large structures being so arranged, 
and composed of ^such material that even 
should a fire break out in one room, it can gen- 
erally be confined to the single apartment in 
which it started. Under existing American 
methods, the only wise thing for merchants 
and others to do, is to insure as completely as 
possible, for no matter how careful one may be 
to avoid setting fire to his own premises, they 
are apt to be consumed at any time by reason 
of the carelessness or ignorance of his neigh- 
bors. Fortunately there are plenty of facilities 
offered for the placing of Insurance in perfect- 
ly reliable companies, and among these may be 
mentioned the enterprise conducted by Mr. A, 
Bailey in Depot Square, of this city. This 
gentleman is a native of Gardiner and com- 
menced operations in his present line of busi- 
ness in 1884. Owing to energetic and liberal 
business methods, he has already been instru- 
mental in the placing of many policies, and the 
popularity of his agency is largely due to the 
standard character of the companies represent- 
ed. They are as follows : Liberty of New York 
Mutual Life of New York, Hanover, New York, 
Phoenix, Hartford, Springfield, Springfield, 
North British and Mercantile, London, Royal 
Insurance Co., Liverpool, and Portland Marine 
Underwriter. Mr. Bailey is in a position to 
write policies in these well-known organiza- 
tions at bottom rates, and gives prompt atten- 
tion to all orders. 

C. H. Harden, Dealer in Drugs and Med- 
icines, Choice Perfumeries, Toilet and Fancy 
Goods. Prescriptions a Specialty. 165 Water 
Street, Gardiner. We are often told that con- 
fidence in one's physician is a most important 
aid to recovery, and the experience and common- 
sense of us all, combine to support the truth of 
this statement. But if confidence in one's 
medical adviser is so powerful an element in 
the regaining of health, confidence in the phar- 
macist who is called upon to compound his 
prescriptions, must also be no small service, for 
no physician, however skillful, can foresee the 
errors which may be made in the filling of such 
orders, and therefore the only thing to do is to 
have them carried out by some one who is 
known to be both competent and careful. It is 
hardly necessary for us to state that Mr. C. H. 
Harden, of No. KJS Water Street, is fully pre- 
pared to compound the most difficult prescrip- 
tions at short notice, and in a most accurate and 
conscientious manner, for this gentlemim has 
been identified with his present enterprise for 
nearly a decade(having become connected with it 
in 1879), and has long since proved himself 
worthy of the fullest confidence. He was born 

In this city, and is a member of the Free 
Masons, being widely known here as a skillful 
pharmacist and an enterprising business man. 
The store he conducts has been in operation 
since 1830, but was never more completely 
stocked, or more capable of meeting all demands 
upon it than it is at the present time. Drugs, 
Medicines and Chemicals are on hand in great 
variety, and a most beautiful assortment of 
Choice Perfumeries, Toilet and Fancy Goods is 
also open to the inspection of the public. 

Preble & Keene, Dealers in Furniture, 
Carpets and Bedding. Undertaking a specialty. 
Upper end of Water Street, Gardiner. That it 
is wise to make home as attractive as possible, 
we think no intelligent person will deny. A 
man owes a duty to his wife, to his children, 
and to himself in this respect, and the reasons 
must be very weighty that can excuse him from 
doing his utmost to furnish his dwelling to the 
best advantage. The expense is not necessa- 
rily great by any means, for furniture is now 
sold at remarkably low rates, and this cheap- 
ness is not attained by the sacrifice of durabil- 
ity, either. Of course we mean provided the 
furniture be bought at a reputable establish- 
ment, and in this connection we may well say 
a few words concerning the goods offered by 
Messrs. Pieble & Keene, at their store on 
Water Street. To begin with, this firm suc- 
ceeded, in 1882, Mr. James Nash, who began 
operations in 1870. Messrs. Preble & Keene 
have thus been before the public for about six 
years, and the unanimous verdict is that they 
give full value for money expended, every time. 
Furniture, Carpets, Bedding, etc., are very ex- 
tensively handled, as may be judged from the 
fact that the premises utilized comprise seven 
floors, each of the dimensions of 50x50 feet, 
and is one of the largest establishments in 
Maine. Mr. Preble is a native of this city, and 
Mr. Keene was born in Randolph, Me., both 
gentlemen being members of the Odd Fellows. 
Employment is given to five assistants, and 
customers are promised courteous treatment as 
well as standard goods at low rates. Particu- 
lar attention is paid to Undertaking, and the 
facilities at hand are all that could be desired, 
while no exorbitant charges are made. 

C. F. Trask, Livery Stable, Water Street, 
Gardiner. Everybody is familiar with those 
people who are said to "enjoy life as they go 
along," and really such a disposition is to be 
envied, although of course in enjoying the 
present, the future should not be entii'ely lost 
sight of. Relaxation is as necessary to a hard- 
working man as it is to a steel spring, or to a 
piece of rubber, for although the spring may 
be kept bent and the rubber stretched for 
years, if necessaiy, still neither will last so long 
as it would under different circumstances. 
Many a man who found his head aching daily, 
and a generally uncomfortable feeling all over, 
has been made "as good as new" by a little 
riding in the open air, and in fact there is 
nothing that is more powerful in driving away 
the blues, and making a new man of one, than 
a brisk drive along a good road. If you don't 
believe it, just go to the Stable carried on by 



Mr. C. F. Trask, on Water Street, and hire one 
of his stylish and speedy turnouts. Take your 
wife along, of course; or if you have no wife 
take an agreeable companion of some sort, and 
if you don't come home with an appetite like 
a horse, and with new strength and courage to 
take up your daily tasks again, why the only 
thing to do is to repeat the dose on the next 
pleasant day, and keep it up until health and 
cheerfulness are restored. Mr. Trask is very 
reasonable in his charges, and no expense is 
too great, anyway, where happiness is con- 
cerned. He is a native of Jefferson, Me., and is 
connected with the Free Masons, having a large 
circle of friends in town, and having been iden- 
tified with his present enterprise since 1884. 
Mr. Trask's accommodations are always satis- 
factory, and it is not strange that his establish- 
ment is very liberally patronized. 

B. W. Partridg"e, Merchant Tailor, and 
Dealer in Fine Ready-Made Clothing, Water 
Street, Gardiner. There are many things in 
which an American citizen can take honest 
pride, and one of the most gratifying of these 
is the generally well-dressed appearance of his 
fellow countrymen. In other lands the nobility, 
the so-called "upper-classes,"' enjoy almost a 
monopoly of handsome and comfortable cloth- 
ing, but in the United States, rich and poor, old 
and young, dress neatly, tastefully and season- 
ably. Exceptions can be pointed out, of course, 
but these are by no means confined to any 
station in society, for we have fully as many 
rich men, proportionately, who wear shabby 
clothes as we have workingmen who do not 
care to dress as handsomely as their fellows. 
The general prosperity of this country, is, of 
course, the prime reason for this gratifying state 
of affairs, but there is another powerful factor 
that helps to make it possible, and that is the 
moderate price at which good clothing can be 
obtained. Let us, for instance, visit the estab- 
lishment of Mr. B. W. Partridge, on Water St., 
and see what he has to offer in the way of goods 
and prices. We choose this establishment as it 
is one of the best-known in this section and is a 
truly representative one in every respect, hav- 
ing been founded over half a century ago by Mr. 
O. H. Partridge, the exact date being 18;!5. The 
present owner took control in 1887, and has 
fully maintained the ancient prestige of this 
time-honored house. He is a native of this 
city and a member of the Knights of Pythias. 
Two fioors and a basement, of the dimensions 
of 22x65 feet are occupied, and employment 
given to fifteen assistants. Merchant Tailoring 
in all its branches is carried on, and a very 
heavjr stock of Imported and American Suit- 
ings, is at hand for the inspection of customers, 
the goods being of late styles and guaranteed 
excellence, and garments being made from 
them at short notice and in a thoroughly first- 
class manner. A full assortment of Fine, 
Ready-Made Clothing is also constantly carried, 
and perfection of finish and generally honest 
workmanship throughout, make these garments 
very desirable and very cheap at the prices 
quoted on them. No one need to be ill-dressed 
while such an establishment is in operation, 
and we take pleasure in unreservedly commend- 
ing it to our readers. 

City Steam Laundry, Kenniston Block, 
156 Water Street, L. B. Wing, Proprietor, Gardi- 
ner. Public Laundries have not been in general 
operation for a very long space of time, but 
nevertheless their sudden withdrawal would 
cause widespread and serious inconvenience to 
the community at large. People have to get 
accustomed to the idea of having their clothes 
washed away from home, just the same as they 
do any other novelty, but the family that aban- 
dons the practice after having once commenced 
it, is the rare exception, for its advantages far 
outweigh any real or fancied drawbacks. Not 
a few people are deterred from sending their 
clothes outside by the fear that such a cotrrse 
is very expensive, but really this fear has little 
or no foundation in fact, for if any of our read- 
ers will acquaint themselves with the price-list 
in force at the well-known " City Steam Laun- 
dry," No. 156 Water Street, Kenniston Block, 
they will find that the service rendered is as 
economical as it is efficient. The enterprise 
alluded to was started in 1884, and has already 
attained great popularity. Its proprietor, Mr. 
L. B. Wing, is a native of Gardiner and a mem- , 
her of the Odd Fellows, and has hosts of friends 
in this community. The premises occupied 
by him are 20x60 feet in size and include two 
floors, employment being afforded to seven 
competent and careful assistants. Mr. Wing 
guarantees that the work done here shall be 
first-class in every respect, and the arrange- 
ments for the prompt* delivery of packages 
are very satisfactory. 

G. E. Warren, Apothecary, Milliken Block, 
Gardiner. It is impossible to have extended 
dealings with Mr. G. E. Warren of Milliken 
Block, Water Street, without feeling that he 
thoroughly understands his business in every 
detail; and indeed it is no wonder that he is 
thoroughly acquainted with it, for, in addition 
to his five years' experience in this city, he con- 
ducted a similar enterprise in Hallowell for 
fifteen years. Mr. Warren was born in Farm- 
ingdale, where he was Town Clerk for some 
time. He is a member of the Free Masons, and 
has made many friends in Gardiner and vicin- 
ity since beginning operations here. The prem- 
ises occupied measure 20x60 feet, and a heavy 
and most skillfully selected stock is carried, 
comprising Drugs, Medicines, Chemicals, etc., 
of all kinds, Mr. Warren spares no pains to 
make his establishment entirely trustworthy in 
every respect, and endeavors to give all cus- 
tomers complete satisfaction. That he has 
succeeded admirably thus far. is proved by the 
liberal patronage received, and there can be no 
doubt but that a continuance of the methods 
employed will steadily add to the popularity of 
his establishment. Prescriptions are com- 
pounded with the utmost care, and those who 
desire to feel assured that they can rely upon 
the manner in which their orders of this kind 
are filled, should, by all means, patronize Mr. 
Warren, as he is as skillful and experienced as 
he is careful, and so is especially well-equipped 
for the carrying on of work of this kind. His 
prices are very reasonable, and all -customers 
are promptly served. 



Josiah Maxcy & Sous, Insurance Agents 
and Brokers, 195 Water Street, Gardiner. The 
laws of man are constantly being changed, and 
are not infrequently violated witli impunity by 
those whom they should bind, but not so the 
laws of nature. Natural law is unchanging 
and inviolable; if one goes against it, the 
consequences are sure, and ofttinies terrible, 
and as nature is no respecter of persons, all 
are equally forced to obey her behests. Grad- 
ually, but surely, the fundamental principles of 
existence are being discovered and acted upon, 
and it is owing to the great law of average 
that powerful companies can be formed to 
insure the community against loss by fire. 
Insurance is one of the great interests of the 
age. In money, power, and influence, it ranks 
\yith banking, railroading, mining and mercan- 
tile pursuits. The penniless and dependent 
are protected through its blessed influence. 
All over the globe the protecting power of this 
science is felt. The only question to be con- 
sidered is, Which are the best conducted and 
safest companies in which to insure? In our 
day it is manifestly the part of prudence to 
"divide risks" when effecting a large amount 
of insurance, as the surest safeguard against 
loss is to obtain policies in a number of the 
best companies. But the facilities possessed 
by those desiring insurance, for ascertaining 
the status of companies doing business in their 
locality, are not always the best, and they 
largely rely on the underwriters having agen- 
cies in their midst. It of course relieves a busi- 
ness man of much anxiety to feel that his stock 
is fully covered by insurance, if care is taken 
that it is placed with perfectly responsible and 
reliable companies. As before mentioned, it is 
entirely out of the question for every person 
who desires insurance to personally investigate 
the solvency of the many companies now en- 
gaged in this business, and the best plan is 
therefore undoubtedly to intrust the placing of 
insurance to some old-established and well- 
known agency, which for years has served its 
customers faithfully, with every inducement to 
do so in the future. Such an agency is carried 
on by Messrs. Josiah Maxcy & Sons, 195 Water 
Street, Gardiner. It was established by Josiah 
Maxcy in 1860, who conducted it alone till 187.3, 
when he admitted as partner his son, Josiah 8., 
who has constituted one of the firm ever since, 
and in 1881, Mr. W. E. Maxcy entered the firm, 
the name remaining Josiah Maxcy & Sons. 
The integrity of this foremost of all insurance 
agencies in Gardiner is almost a proverb, and 
representing the most substantial and reliable 
fire insurance companies in the world, we may 
safely state that the bulk of all the insurance 
placed with any agency of this city goes to the 
oldest and best conducted, that of Messrs. 
Josiah Maxcy & Sons, and they represent the 
following well-known companies: Hartford 
Fire Insurance Company; Home, of New York; 
Insurance Company of North America, of Phil- 
adelphia; Fire Association of Philadelphia; 
Commercial Union of London; Imperial, of 
London; National, of Hartford. This enter- 
prising firm also transact a general brokerage 
business, making loans on mortgages, and the 
members of the concern being young and en- 
ergetic, taking active part in the furthering of 
this thriving city's welfare, the Messrs. Maxcy 

are considered as some of Gardiner's foremost 
merchants and citizens, and being leaders in 
society their names as business men and favor- 
ites of the inhabitants for miles surrounding, 
are so well known that comments from our pen 
are entirely unnecessary. 

Brann Brothers & Co., Dealers in Gro- 
ceries, Meats and Provisions, 97 and 99 South 
End Water Street, Gardiner. Among those 
Gardiner establishments which may well be 
called "popular" in every sense of the word, 
that conducted by Messrs. Brann Brothers & 
Co., at 97 and 99 South End Water Street, must 
be given especial mention. This firm handle 
Groceries, Meats and Provisions, and do a 
business that is increasing steadily, although it 
has been established about fourteen years, and 
is already very large. Two floors are occupied, 
measuring 25x60 feet, and a sufficient number 
of assistants is employed to permit of all or- 
ders being filled with promptness and care. 
The firm is constituted of Messrs. A. A. and W. 
E. Brann, and J. E. Cunningham, the two first- 
named gentlemen being natives of Gardiner, 
while the latter was born in Waterville. All 
aie well known and highly esteemed in this 
city, Mr. A. A. Brann having an especially 
large circle of friends, as he served for two 
years in the city council. The stock on hand 
is composed exclusively of goods of standard 
character, as the firm cater to the best trade, 
and have no desire to handle other than satis- 
factory articles. The prices quoted are as low 
as can be named on such commodities, as the 
concern enjoys the best of relations with pro- 
ducers, wholesalers, etc., and is consequently 
able to buy to the best advantage. The assort- 
ment of Staple and Fancy Groceries is very 
complete, and includes full lines of Canned 
Goods, Relishes and other luxuries. 

John C Houlehan, Dealer in Pure Drugs 
and Medicines, Select Toilet and Fancy Arti- 
cles, Perfumes, Fine Cigars, at No. 142 Water 
Street, Gardiner. A Tasty Drug Establish- 
ment. During the past summer Mr. John C, 
Houlehan, who for over fifteen years had 
served in the capacity of chief clerk in one of 
the leading drug stores in Gardiner, decided to 
make a change, and go into the Drug business 
for himself, and accordingly leased the store 
No. 142 Water Street, which he proceeded to 
have fitted up, and about September 1st opened 
one of the prettiest and most convenient Drug 
Stores to be found in this section. The fixtures 
are of mahogany, and with plate glass windows 
and electric light, the effiect in the evening is 
very telling. Mr. Houlehan handles everything 
connected with a first class Drug Store, using 
only the best of chemicals, dealing extensively 
in a certain Sarsaparilla and Spruce Gum 
Cough Syrup, both of which are not to be 
equalled anywhere, and enjoy a very large sale. 
Mr. Houlehan has a high reputation as a care- 
ful and reliable Druggist, and is fully acquainted 
with every detail of his trade. Being a favor- 
ite in society, counting his friends by the score, 
and being young and enterprising, he will no 
doubt soon succeed in ranking among the most 
prominent of Gardiner's business men. 




Bicknell & Neal, Clothing and Furnish- 
ings, Water Street, Gardiner. It is not neces- 
sary at this late date to call attention to the fa- 
vorable manner in which ready-made Clothing 
compares with that which is made to order. 
Every intelligent person knows that the day of 
*' slop-work " has gone by, and that ready-made 
garments are now produced that are undistin- 
guishable from the best Clothing made to meas- 
ure. Of course there are some Clothiers who 
cater to an inferior class of trade, or who de- 
pend on the inexperience of their customers to 
make a sale, but if an establishment similar to 
that conducted by Messrs. Bicknell & Neal, on 
Water Street, be visited, it will be seen that the 
garments in stock will bear the most severe 
examination and comparison. The firm al- 
luded to began operations in 188.5, and have 
established an enviable reputation for furnish- 
ing customers with stylish, durable, and per- 
fect-fitting Clothing, at the lowest market rates. 
Of course, under the circumstances, their trade 
was bound to rapidly increase, and in point of 
fact there are few similar enterprises in the 
State that can show so great a development in 
the same length of time. One floor and a base- 
ment, measuring 22x65 feet, are occupied, anjd 
a fine stock is carried, comprising not Cloth- 
ing alone, but. also Gentlemen's Furnishing 
Goods of the latest patterns and most approved 
manufacture. A judicious buyer can make a 
small sum of money go a good ways, nowadays, 
in the Clothing line, and no better establish- 
ment is known to us at which to accomplish 
this than that carried on bv Messrs. Bicknell & 

W. H. Moore, Manufacturer of Bed Slats 
and Spring Bed Materials, Water Street, Gardi- 
ner. As a third of one's life is, or should be, 
passed in bed, it is not surprising that the de- 
mand for beds should be brisk and constant. 
The Spring Bed has been called " the index of 
civilization," and as a matter of fact we believe 
that Spring Beds are unknown in uncivilized 
lands. They have gone into universal use in 
this country, however, and the house without a 
Spring Bed is quite a rarity nowadays. Im- 
proved methods of manufacture have so les- 
sened the cost of the luxuries that they can 
now be afforded by all, and one of the foremost 
of those who have brought about this gratify- 
ing condition of affairs is Mr. W. H. Moore, 
who has manufactured Spring Bed Material for 
the last score of years, having begun operations 
in 1868. The premises he utilizes are very spa- 
cious, the plant covering some half an acre of 
ground, and five buildings being occupied. 
Employment is afforded to twenty-five assist- 
ants, and a very large amount of material is 
annually produced. Mr. Moore is a native of 
Gardiner, and is well known in and about the 
city, having been elected to the Board of Alder- 
men. The manufacture of Excelsior from 
Spruce, which is by a new process, patented in 
March, 1888, forms a very important depart- 
ment of his business, and the demand for these 
goods is extensive and increasing. Mr. Moore 
makes it a point to exercise a close, personal 
supervision over the various details ot his en- 
terprise, and is thus in a position to guarantee 
that all articles leaving his factory are thor- 
oughly and honestly made. 



Joseph Perry, Machinist and Millwright' 
and Manufacturer of Circular Saw Mills, Shin- 
gle and Clapboard Machines, Water Wheels, 
Shafting, etc. Mill Work and Jobbing' done 
promptly. Circular Saws constantly on hand. 
Corner Bridge and Summer Streets, Gardiner. 
Wof)d-working machinery is naturally in active 
demand in a State so liberally endowed with 
lumber and with manufacturing facilities as 
is Maine, and of all the machinery of this kind 
placed upon the market, none bears a higher 
reputation, both for efiiciency and durability, 
than that manufactui-ed by Mr. Joseph Perry, 
at the corner of Bridge and Summer Streets. 
Mr. Perry should certainly produce a superior 
article, if experience has anything to do with 
it, for he has been identified with his present 
enterprise for over half a century, having in- 
augurated it in 1836. He is a native of Tops- 
ham, Me., and is a recognized authority in this 
city on municipal affairs, having been a coun- 
cilman for three years, and a member of the 
Board of Aldermen for two years. Mr. Perry 
occupies premises comprising three floors, of 
the dimensions of 35x80 feet, and utilizes a 
twenty-five horse-power engine in the running 
of the necessary machinery. Employment is 
given to twenty-one assistants, and Circular 
Saw Mills, Shingle and Clapboard Machines, 
Water Wheels, Shafting, etc., are very exten- 
sively manufactured. Mill work and jobbing 
of all descriptions are done at short notice and 
at reasonable rates, and the past record of this 
establishment shows that all such orders are 
insured painstaking attention, and will be car- 
ried out in the most durable and workmanlike 
manner. Mr. Perry carries a complete assort- 
ment of Circular Saws constantly in stock, and 
offers the same at the very lowest market rates 
on goods of equal quality. 

Bartlett & Dennis, Groceries and Grain, 
Water Street, Gardiner. Thirty years is a long 
time for any business euterpise to be continued, 
and considering that the firm of Bartlett & 
Dennis has been before the public for the pe- 
riod mentioned, it is not surprising that this 
concern should be one of the best known in 
the city, or that we should deem it worthy of 
special mention in a work that is intended to 
call attention to the most prominent and truly 
representative of Gardiner's mercantile under- 
takings. Messrs. Bartlett & Dennis operate a 
well-appointed Grist Mill, that is run by water- 
power, and that ofttimes finds its capacity se- 
verely taxed in meeting the demands upon it, 
and are also extensively engaged in the hand- 
ling of Groceries, etc., conducting a spacious 
establishment, located at 210 Water Street, and 
comprising three floors and a basement, of the 
dimensions of 2{)x8() feet. Employment is 
afforded to six efficient assistants, and both a 
wholesale and retail business is done. Mr. 
Bartlett is a native of this city, and is very 
widely known here, as is also Mr. Dennis, who 
was born in Litchfield, and is connected with 
the Free Masons. The firm has established a 
most enviable reputation for progressive enter- 
prise and strictly honorable business methods, 
and we take pleasure in making note of the 
success of so highly deserving a house. 

J. R. Sawtelle, Wholesale and Retail 
Dealer in Lime, Plastering Hair. Hydraulic and 
Rosendale Cement. Wool, Hides and Wool 
Skins, Water Street, Gardiner. An entei'prise 
which bids fair to attain extended proportions 
in the future, is that carried on by Mr. J. R. 
Sawtelle, on Water Street, and this fact is grat- 
ifying, not only to the gentlemen mentioned, 
but also to the public at large, for as Mr. Saw- 
telle deals chiefly in building materials, the 
prosperity of his business indicates correspond- 
ing prosperity in the surrounding community. 
He began operations here in 1882, and occupies 
premises comprising two floors, of the dimen- 
sions of 25x60 feet. Lime, Plastering Hair, 
Hydraulic and Rosendale Cement are among 
the more important commodities dealt in, and 
Wool, Hides and Wool Skins are also exten- 
sively handled. Mr. Sawtelle has had an ex- 
tended experience in his pi'esent line of busi- 
ness, and understands it thoroughly in every 
detail. He has carried on operations in Hallo- 
well for fifteen years or so, and is well known 
throughout the trade as a careful and discrim- 
inating buyer, who sells goods entirely on their 
meiits, and hence exercises unusual care in the 
selecuon of the same. Employment is given 
to two efficient assistants, and every effort is 
made to give all orders prompt and painstaking 
attention, and supply goods of standard qual- 
ity at the lowest market rates. 

Geo. W. Brown, Successor to E. S. 
Brown & Co., Dry Goods, 185 Water St., Gar- 
diner. "Brown's Dry Goods Store" has been 
widely and favorably known in this vicinity 
for over a quarter of a century, and no higher 
praise can be given Mr. George W. Brown, the 
present proprietor of this establishment, than 
to say that since he assumed control in 1880, 
the enterprise has become more popular and 
more largely patronized than ever before. The 
business was founded in 1860 by Messrs. E. S. 
Brown & Co., and was carried on under that 
style until the change mentioned above took 
place. The premises occupied are located at 
No. 185 Water Street, and comprise two floors, 
of the dimensions of 22x55 feet. A very heavy 
and varied stock is carried, made up of Foreign 
and Domestic Dry Goods of all descriptions. 
Dress Goods, Hosiery, Gloves, Corsets, etc. 
Special attention is given to the sale of Small 
Wares, and a very desirable selection of such 
goods is always at hand to choose from. Mr. 
Brown is a native of Gardiner, and is well 
known as an enterprising and progressive busi- 
ness man, who believes in and practices liberal 
methods. He employs five efficient assistants, 
and assures to all callers prompt and polite 
attention. The motto of this establishment 
has long been '"Not to be undersold," and the 
present proprietor is certainly well fitted to so 
manage as to fully live up to it, for he is a care- 
ful and experienced buyer, and enjoys such 
relations with produceis and wholesalers as to 
enable him to easily meet honorable competi- 
tion at all times. Low prices, reliable goods, 
prompt service, courteous treatment — these 
certainly form a strong array of attractions, 
and fully explain the great and increasing pop- 
ularity of the establishment w^e have noticed in 
this article. 



jiC. A. Woodward, Dealer in Fine Watches, 
€locks, Jewelry, Solid Silver & Plated Ware, 
No. 200 Water Street, opposite Post Office, 
Gardiner. Repairing promptly attended to. 
Since the birth of civilization, even in its low- 
est form, the love of the beautiful, as displayed 
in jewelry, has been a prominent characteristic 
of the race, and has only strengtliened and 
grown with time; and with the advancement 
of any community in wealth, intelligence and 
culture, the fine arts of decoration and adorn- 
ment prosper, and the skill and taste of the 
jeweler is brought more constantly and gener- 
ally into requisition. Twenty years ago, it 
•would have been impossible to have found cus- 
tomers for that class of goods, which is now 
really in the greatest demand. It is usually 
thought by the public, that large cities always 
contain the choicest articles from which to se- 
lect, which was actually the case, perhaps ten 
years ago or so; but if the purchaser, in need of 
jewelry etc , would inspect the assortments 
kept in the stores of jewelers in cities like 
Gardiner, they would come to the conclusion, 
that the store kept by Mr. C. A. Woodward of 
200 Water Street, can display as complete and 
as varied a stock of Silver Ware, Clocks, 
Watches, etc., etc., as any other store through 
the whole State of Maine. In regard to prices, 
we may safely state, that as Mr. Woodward 
receives his goods directly from the manufac- 
turers, he is able to successfully compete with 
any jewelry establishment this side of Boston. 
Since Mr. Woodward started this business, June 
1st, 1888, he has succeeded in building up as 
flourishing a trade as only energy, geniality 
and liberality can produce. Jewelry of every de- 
scription is displayed in handsome show-cases, 
from the plated ware to the pure, eighteen 
carat, and with a choice assortment of Diamonds 
and Watches from the best manufacturers in 
this country, and imported French and Swiss 
ones, this store may safely be called the "palace 
of gems." Opera and Marine Glasses in large 
variety. Eye-glasses to fit everyone are always 
on hand, and the Repairing Department is paid 
extra attention, as Regulating and Repairing 
Jewelry of any description, and Watches in 
particular, is to-day considered as the most im- 
portant one among the Jewelers. The store is 

handsomely fitted up. A full stock of Cut- 
leiy is another attraction of this well-kept 
and stocked " palace of gems." Mr. Wood- 
ward is constantly in attendance on the steadi- 
ly iiicieasing customers, whose verdict invaria- 
bly has been, that the cause of success, which 
so far has and will pursue Mr. Woodward in 
this new enterprise of his is on account of 
honest dealings, and knowledge of the selec- 
tion of his elegant, and complete stock. Mr. 
Woodward was born in Dresden, Maine, and 
although not having resided in Gardiner more 
than a year, he is well-known in society, count- 
ing his friends by the score, being one of this 
thriving city's most popular young men on ac- 
count of his genialty and liberality. He is a 
member of the Masonic Lodge and Knights of 

S. N. Maxcy IHanufacturing- Co., Man- 
ufacturers and' Dealers in Gutters and Mold- 
ings, Dooi-s, Sash, Blinds, Door and Window 
Flames. Job Work of all kinds done promptly, 
Summer Street, Gardiner. One of the most 
completely equipped establishments in Gardi- 
ner, is that conducted by the S. N. Maxcy Man- 
ufacturing Company, on Summer Street, and 
the annual output of Gutters, Moldings, 
Doors, Sash, Blinds, Door and Window Frames, 
is very large indeed. This enterprise was in- 
augurated in 1865, and ranks with the most 
firmly-established in the Stare, the productions 
of the company being accepted as of standard 
quality, and the demand for them being brisk 
and continuous. The entire plant in operation 
covers an area of some two acres, and com- 
prises several large buildings, some fifty horse- 
power being utilized. Employment is given to 
fifteen assistants, and no pains are spared to 
fully maintain the record long since established, 
of furnishing a uniformly superior article at 
the lowest market rates. Mr. Maxcy is a na- 
tive of Gardiner, and is one of the best-known 
of our business men throughout this vicinity. 
The company with which Mr. Maxcy is identi- 
fied makes a specialty of Gutters, Moldings, 
and House Finishing Materials, and is most 
excellently prepared to fill orders of this kind 
at short notice, and in an entirely satisfactory 



Hollinsrsworth & Wliitney Paper Co., 

Water Street, (THidinei-. The names of Hol- 
lingswoith & Whitney are too permanently 
identified with tlie manufacture of Paper in 
this country to ever be forgotten when that in- 
dustry ib under consideration, and some idea of 
the extent of the business carried on by the Hoi 

tide. As a specialty, be pays considerable 
attention to orders for Rubber Stamps, an 
article which for the last year or so has become 
an almost indispensable article, not only for 
the business community, but also for the house- 
hold, ns stamps for clotlies are so cheap that 
few housewives can dispense with one. Orders- 

lingsworth «& Whitney Paper Company may be for printing of all descriptions, as well as en- 
gained from the fact that their mills in this city, ; graved work, such as visiting, wedding and 
large as they are and capable of turning out invitation cards, are neatly executed, and th» 
fourteen tons of Paper daily, are after all but a i prices so low that competition from other par- 
small portion of their entire plant, which in- [ ties is out of the question. Mr. White being 
cludesoneat Windsor,Conn.,one at Watertown, born in Gardiner takes great interest in the 
Mass., and one at South Braintree in the same welfare of this booming city, and being young, 
State. The Gardiner establishment covers five energetic and enterprising, a successful future 
acres of ground and comprises eight buildings, | business career awaits him, and he is today 
two steam engines being utilized, of the power | considered as one of Gardiner's promising lead- 
of one hundred and fifty and one hundred horse, ing young business men. 
respectively. Employment is givtn to one hun- j 
dred men, and s-ince operations were begun i 

here in 1875, an enormous quantity of Paper [ Gardiner SavinsT.s Iustitution,WaterSt.^ 
has been produced and an amount of money i Gardiner, Although the city of Gardiner pre- 
^„ ,„ „ i„. .„ .1 .^ 11 1 sents many an indication of prosperity and 

thrift, and the general appearance of its stores 
and other business enterprises clearly proves- 
the existence of a progressive and enlightened 
spirit among those making up the population, 
still, to our mind, the very best evidence of all 
going to show that Gardiner is a desirable place 
to live in, is that afforded by the carrying on 
of such an institution as the Gardiner Savings 
Institution, and tlie remarkable financial show- 
ing made by that old-established enterprise. To 
successfully operate a Savings Bank, it is ne- 
cessary, first, to put it under the management 
of men in whom the community has absolute 

put in circulation in this vicinity, which has 
been of great service in developing the business 
resources of the community. Gardiner has 
many advantages as a manufacturing center, 
and it is the successful operation of just such 
vast enterprises as the one under consideration 
that will go faither than anything else to make 
these advantages generally known, and cause 
them to be utilized to the mutual benefit of all 
parties concerned. The Hollingsworth ife Whit- 
ney Company is under the immediate direction 
of Messrs. Sumner Hollingsworth, C. A. Dean 
and E. B. Eaton, the first-named gentleman oc- 
cupying the position of President, the second 

Charles R. TVliite, Mercantile Printing, 
Office Supplies, Rubber and Metal Stamps, Sta- 
tionery, Wall Paper, etc., 8 Depot Square, Gar- 
diner. We can justly say that one of the most 
gratifying evidences of the increase of correct 
artistic taste among all classes of society is the 
great attention that is now paid in the beauti- 
ful designs in the way of Job Printing of every 
description. Our productions in this line are 
not surpassed by those of any other country in 
the world, and every year this gratifying feat- 
ure becomes more marked, and there is plenty 
of work for those that turn out first-class jobs. 
We have here mentioned the merits of Print- 
ing, and representing in able manner this very 
important article in Gardiner, we call the read- 
er's attention to one of this city's most prom- 
ising young business men, Mr. Charles R. 
White, whose office is located at .3 Depot 
Square. This business was established by the 
present genial proprietor in 1886, and since its 
inception it has rapidly increased in patronage, 
Mr. White's motto being '-Fair dealing, quick 
sales and small profits." His office contains a 
full supply and well selected stock of Office 
Supplies in all its branches. Bill files of all 
kinds and account books ready made or to 
order. Wall Paper is also extensively dealt in, 
as Mr. White deals directly with the most 
prominent manufacturers of this necessary ar- 

officiating as Vice-president and Selling Agent, confidence; second, to so conduct its affairs as 
andthethirddischarging the responsible duties to prove this confidence to be well deserved; 
of manager. This is one of the leading indus- and third, to bring forcibly before the minds of 
tries of the State, and we take pleasure in giving the people the many advantages consequent 
It the prominence it deserves. upon the formation of saving habits, and the 

comparative ease with which nearly every man 
can save a portion of his earnings if he leally 
tries to do so. Man has been called "a bundle 
of habits," and in many respects such a char- 
acterization is just. Comparatively few of our 
daily acts are performed entirely by the volun- 
tary exercise of the will, and it is just as easy 
to get into the way of saving mechanically, as 
it is to follow the more general course and 
spend mechanically. Nor is any reasonable en- 
joyment lost by so doing. A man who puts 
money aside, who has a thoughtful care for the 
future, and who seeks to protect his family 
from prospective want by the exercise of pres- 
ent prudence, finds true and generous compen- 
sation for his self-denial, and takes satisfaction 
in the thought of the growing sum to his credit 
that is in no way tainted by any miserly love of 
money for its own sake. A saving community 
is a prosptrous, peaceable, intelligent and 
cheerful one, and he who casts his lot with 
such a people has every reason to expect hap- 
piness and contentment. The Gardiner Sav- 
ings Bank has been carried on for over half a 
century, its inception dating back to 1834. It 
has for officers, Mr. Weston Lewis, President, 
and Henry S. Webster, Treasurer, the Board of 
Trustees being composed of Messrs. Weston 
Lewis, Edward Robinson, David Dennis, L. D. 
Cooke, W. W. Bradstreet, Isaac J. Carr, Sanford 
N. Maxcy. No detailed individual mention of 
these gentlemen is necessary. They are known 



throughout this vicinity, and the fact that the 
institution under their charge has now deposits 
confided to it amounting to over $1,750,000, 
shows the esteem in which they are held. A 
reserve fund of $100,000 is carried, and cer- 
tainly the Gardiner Savings Bank has no reason 
to fear comparison with any similar institution 
in the country. 

J. S. & F. T. Bradstreet, Saw Mills, 
Water Street, Gardiner. Considering the large 
number of Saw Mills carried on in this State, 
and the immense capacity of many of them, it 
seems almost incredible that the supply of lum- 
ber should have held out to the present time, 
and still more surprising that those in a posi- 
tion to know should maintain that there is 
more merchantable standing timber in Maine 
today than there was a score of years ago. 
Those making this assertion explain it by say- 
ing that the former hap-hazard way of procur- 
ing lumber has for years been done away with, 
and that under present methods of lumbering 
the future is fully provided for. Some idea 
of the annual consumption of Maine lumber 
may perhaps be gained from the fact that a 
single establishment at South Gardiner turns 
out about 100,000 feet daily. This mill is run 
by Messrs. J. S. & F. T. Bradstreet, who have 
an oflBce on Water Street. Operations were 
begun in 1878, and employment is given to 150 
men, the entire plant in use covering an area of 
two acres of ground, and including a steam- 
engine of 350 horse power. Both members of 
the firm are natives of Gardiner, and the enter- 
prise they conduct is one of the most impor- 
tant in the city, and has done and is doing 
much to extend the fame of Gardiner as a 
manufacturing center. 

Kennebec Steam Towing Company, 

William Perkins, Agent, Water Street, Gardi- 
ner. The value of the services rendered by 
the steam towboats of the present day in ex- 
tending the navigable area of rivers, and other 
confined and winding streams, can hardly be 
overestimated, and it is especially noticeable in 
this State, which ships enormous quantities of 
ice and other commodities, in a manner that 
would be impossible were it not for the numer- 
ous and powerful fleet of steam tugs main- 
tained in this vicinity. The chief requisites of 
an efficient and satisfactory steam-tug service 
may be summed up as promptness, reliability, 
and the maintenance of moderate charges, and 
we need hardly say that the general popularity 
enjoyed by the Kennebec Steam Towing Com- 
pany among ship-owners, consigners, etc.. is 
largely due to the fact that this Company 
spares neither trouble nor expense to furnish 
just such a service as we have mentioned. Op- 
erations were begun in 1880, and a most grati- 
fying change was soon noticeable in the man- 
agement of our river traffic. Mr. William Pei-- 
kins, the Gardiner agent, has an office on 
Water Street, and gives instant and careful at- 
tention to all orders received. The Company's 
charges are fair and reasonable, and the service 
is strictly first-class and entirely satisfactory. 

E. I>. Tasker & Co., Hack & Livery Sta- 
ble, opposite Depot, Gardiner. First-Class 
Teams Furnished at all Hours on Reasonable 
Terms. During the ten years that the enter- 
prise conducted by Messrs. E. D. Tasker & Co. 
has been carried on in this city, it has become 
one of the most largely patronized undertak- 
ings of the kind in this section, and it is but 
due to its proprietois to say, that every provis- 
ion has been made to meet all demands in a 
first-class and liberal manner. The premises 
occupied, are located oppo.-^ite the Depot and 
are 40x140 feet in dimensions, employment 
being given to three competent assistants. The 
firm announce that they are prepared to fur- 
nish Frst-class Teams at all hours on reasonable 
terms, and those who have made trial of their 
accomodations are foremo.'st in proclaiming 
that this announcement is fully justified by the 
facts. Hacks will be supplied for Funerals, 
Parties, Weddings or other occasions at short 
notice, and careful and expert drivers are inva- 
riably placed in charge of such conveyances. 
The facilities for boarding horses are of the 
best, animals being assured proper care and 
comfortable quarters. Mr. Tasker was born in 
Randolph, while Mr. C. O. Turner, his associ- 
ate in business, is a native of Wiscasset; both 
these gentlemen being connected with the Free 
Masons, and Mr. Turner with the Odd Fellows 
also. Sale Horses are constantly kept on hand, 
and we would most certainly advise those wha 
wish to purchase a trustworthy animal, to call 
and see what this firm has to offer them. The 
advantages of buying of a reputable concern 
should certainly be apparent to all, and there 
need be no fear of imposition when dealings are 
being had with a house of such standing. 

J. S. Lambard, Jewelry and General Va 
riety. Auctioneer and Real' Estate, 153 Water 
Street, Gardiner. Few, if any, of our Gai'di- 
ner readers, need to be informed that Mr. J. S. 
Lambard is one of the best-known business 
men in the city, for this gentleman has carried 
on operations here ever since 1856, and has 
been prominently identified with Real Estate 
and General Commercial Interests for a num- 
ber of years. Mr. Lambard occupies one floor 
and a basement, 22x65 feet, and handles Jew- 
elry and General Variety Goods very exten- 
sively. The stock he offers is one well worthy 
of a much more detailed description than we 
can give it in these columns, and we should 
certainly advise any one who wants anything 
in the line of Jewelry, etc., to give Mr. Lam- 
bard an early call. His goods are all fully 
guaranteed to prove as represented, and his 
prices only need comparison with those of 
other houses to be appreciated. The high rep- 
utation held by this establishment is the best 
proof of the uniform excellence of the goods 
dealt in, and the services of two assistants are 
required to attend to the many orders received. 
Ml". Lambard was born in Gardiner, and is con- 
nected with the Free Masons. He is considered 
an authority on local Real Estate, as he has 
given close and long-continued attention to this 
subject, and has handled many valuable prop- 
erties. As an Auctioneer Mr. Lambard is also 
most favorably known, and his services are fre- 
quently availed of in^this capacitj-. 



Gardiner Water Company, Gardiner. 

Although "doctors disagree" very frequently 
regarding minor points, there are certain prin- 
ciples which are unanimously subscribed to by 
physicians of all schools, and prominent among 
these is that relating to the paramount im- 
portance of a pui-e and abundant water sup- 
ply. The painstaking and exhaustive re- 
searches into the origin and causes of the more 
prevalent and dangerous diseases, made by sci- 
entific men of late years, have resulted in the 
discovery of many startling facts, and it has 
been demonstrated beyond the possibility of a 
reasonable doubt, that some of the most de- 
structive epidemics — epidemics which have 
swept away thousands of lives, and placed 
whole communities in mourning — would never 
have occurred had proper attention been paid 
to the water question. Not a few popular 
beliefs have been proved to be totally errone- 
ous, and one of the most widespread of these 
(that well water is necessarily purer and more 
wholesome than that fiom ponds or rivers) is 
so far at variance with the facts that, generally 
speaking, it may be said, that a well is the 
worst possible source from which to obtain 
driuUing water. Taste is of but little use in 
determining the true chanicter of water, for 
careful analysis has demonstrated that filth 
and poison may be present without being de- 
tected by the palate or seen by the eye. Under 
these circumstances the beneficent effects of 
such an enterprise as that conducted by the 
Gardiner Water Company can hardly be over- 
estimated, for leaving the question of protec- 
tion from fire entirely out of the reckoning, the 
general health of the community cannot fail to 
be materially heightened by the opportunity 
presented of obtaining an unfailing supply of 
pure water at a comparatively nominal ex- 
pense. These Water Woiks were built in 1885 
by Messrs. Weston Lewis and Josiah S. Maxcy, 
the supply being taken from the Cobbossee 
river, at a point just above the stone dam 
erected by the company, and conducted 
through some fourteen miles of pipe to Gardi- 
ner, Farraingdale and Randolph. A powerful 
Blake pump elevates the water to a reservoir 
230 feet above the Kennebec river, thus giving 
sufficient " head " for all purposes. There are 
now some seven hundred consumers on the 
company's books, and the demand for water 
service is steadily growing. As the Cobbossee 
river drains a chain of lakes remarkably free 
from chances of contamination, the water is 
admirably suited for domestic use, being pure, 
sweet and clear, and in short, ranking with the 
best in the countiy. Whatever the enterprise 
that Messrs. Lewis and Maxcy undertake, it is 
bound to succeed, as both gentlemen aie con- 
sidered to be the most active and most shrewd 
of Gardiner's business men, taking energetic 
measures, whenever an opportunity presents 
itself, to further the interests and welfare of 
this, one of Maine's most prosperous of cities. 
Both above-named gentlemen are highly hon- 
ored and respected by all who have had busi- 
ness connections with them, on account of 
their square dealings aud liberal methods of 
doing business. With such men as Messrs. 
Lewis and Maxcy the city of Gardiner may 
justly be proud aud honored to count them in 
their midst. 

P. H. Oilson, Manufacturers of Light Car- 
riages and Sleighs, Heavy Wheels, Rims, Shafts, 
and Mortised Hubs for sale, 26-;>0 Maine Ave- 
nue, Gardiner. There is many a Carriage and 
many a Sleigh in this vicinity that came from 
the shop of P. H. Gilson, for this gentleman 
has beeu concerned in the manufacture of such 
goods for thirty-seven years, and has produced 
a large number of Vehicles during that time. 
He was born in Boston, Mass., and is a mem- 
ber of the Free Masons and also of the Knights 
Templar, having a very large circle of friends 
in Gardiner and vicinity. The premises occu- 
pied are located at 26-30 Maine Ave., and com- 
prise four floors of the dimensions of 20x50 feet, 
there being a blacksmith, a paint, and a wood- 
working shop in operation, and employment 
being given to seven assistants. Light Car- 
riages and Sleighs, Heavy Wheels, Rims, Shafts, 
and Mortised Hubs, are manufactured and sold 
at low rates, and the reputation this establish- 
ment has held for so many years, of turning 
out durable aud trustworthy work, is as well 
deserved today as ever. Mr. Gilson takes pride 
in the lecord of his factory in this respect, as 
he has every reason to do, and gives close per- 
sonal attention to the various processes of man- 
ufacture so as to assure a continuance of so de- 
sirable a celebrity. Selected stocks and the 
most improved methods combine to make the 
Carriages, etc., manufactured here fully equal 
to the best, and equal care is taken in the doing 
of Repairing, such orders being filled at short 
notice, in a thorough and neat manner. 

A. H. Potter, General Truckman and 
Stevedore, and Dealer in Coal, Roger.>*' Block, 
Depot Square, under Journal office, Gardiner. 
It is just ten years ago that the enterprise 
known as the "Citizen's Coal Yard " was estab- 
lished in this city, and as Mr. A. H. Potter as- 
sumed control of the undertaking in 1885, he 
has had it under his management during about 
one-third of its existence. Under his liberal 
business methods the enterprise has become a 
popular and largely patronized one, and many 
of our citizens would never think of obtaining 
their supply of coal elsewhere. Mr. Potter 
has made it a rule from the inception of opera- 
tions to handle only coal of standard quality, 
and hence he is in a position to guarantee sat 
isfaction to all who may favor him with an 
order. Employing ten experienced assistants, 
he is also able to promise early and accurate 
delivery, and as a large supply of coal is gener- 
ally on hand, orders for any kind or size can be 
filled without delay. The yard affords capacity 
for the storage of three thousand tons, and is 
very conveniently located. Mr. Potter's office 
is in Rogers' Block, Depot Square, under the 
Journal office, and favors left there or sent by 
mail will receive prompt and careful attention. 
A General Trucking and Stevedore business is 
also carried on by Mr. Potter, and he is espe- 
cially well-prepared to undertake heavy job- 
bing at short notice and on reasonable terms. 
His teams are powerful and well-equipped, aud 
are in charge of careful and experienced drivers. 
Mr. Potter is a Gardiner man by birth, and is a 
member of the Free Masons, being very widely 
and favorably known. 



Gardiner Marble Works, (formerly 
works of Hiram Preble.) Gardiner, Monuments. 
Grave Stones, Tablets and everything: in Marble 
or Granite Work. The enterprise now known 
as the " Gardiner Marble and Granite Works" 
■was inaugurated just thirty years ago, its foun- 
ders being Messrs. Preble & Johnson. Mr. 
Hiram Preble carried it on alone for an extend- 
ed period of time, and finally, in 1SS2 the 
business came into the hands of Mrs. Emma J. 
Preble who has since had sole control. When 
this lady announced her intention of carrying 
on the undertaking, there were not a few who 
prophesied failure, and many, even of those 
who wished her every success, considered her 
chances dubious. But what has been the re- 
sult? During the six years that have since 
elapsed the patronage accorded the enterprise 
has increased in no small degree, the character 
of the work turned out was never better than 
it is to-day, and in short the Gardiner Marble 
and Granite Works are fully prepared to meet 
all honorable competition, and to produce 
stone-work that cannot fail to satisfy any fair 
minded person. Monuments, Gravestones, 
Tablets etc., are made to Older at the shortest 
possible notice, and Cemetery Work of all de- 
scriptions will be done in a prompt and pains- 
taking manner. Mrs. Preble is prepared to give 
personal attention to the wishes of her custom- 
ei's, and those who wish anything in the line of 
stone-work are invited to notify her by mail, 
when she will visit them in person, show spec- 
imens of work etc, and give full information 
regarding prices. The advantage of dealing 
directly with the proprietor rather than with 
some irresponsible agent is obvious, and will be 
appreciated by all who are acquainted with 
business methods. Mrs. Preble employs seven 
experienced and skillful assistants and occupies 
premises on both Church and Bridge Streets. 
Her prices are as low as is consistent with good 
work and satisfaction is fully guaranteed. 

Kane & Stuber, Cigar Manufacturers, 
Hats and Caps, Water Street, Gardiner. The 
firm whose card we print above, comprises two 
industries which are not frequently associated, 
but the results attained have been so gratify- 
ing that we need not say that their undertak- 
ing is a pronounced success. Operations were 
begun in 1876, and a very large business has 
since been built up, for exceptional induce- 
ments are offered in some respects, and the 
public are quick to take advantage of liberal 
methods and honorable dealing. Mr. Kane is a 
native of W^ilmington, Del., while Mr. Stuber 
was born in Utica, N, Y., both gentlemen being 
intimately acquainted with the various details 
of their business, and giving close personal at- 
tention to the filling of orders. The premises 
occupied comprise one floor and a basement, 
and employment is afforded to five experienced 
and efficient assistants. The Cigars manufac- 
tured by Messrs. Kane & Stuber are noted for 
their uniform excellence, both of material and 
of workmanship, and it is not surprising that 
they should be in active and increasing demand. 
Hats and Caps of the latest and most fashiona- 
ble patterns are also handled very extensively, 
and supplied at the very lowest market rates. 

Artbur L. Berry, Insurance Agent and 
Broker, Water Street, Gardiner. Insurance 
has become so universally recognized a factor 
in modern business methods that the man who 
is not insured lias become the exception rather 
than the rule, and we find the most intelligent 
and progressive members of the community 
taking the fullest advantage of the opportuni- 
ties offered for the protection of their families 
and themselves. As it is convenient to place 
all policies, whether Fire, Marine, Accident or 
Life, through a single agency, it is not surpris- 
ing that Mr. Aithur L. Berry, of Water Street, 
should find a brisk and continuous demand 
made upon his services, for he represents some 
of the strongest companies in the world, and 
can write Fire, Maiine. Life or Accident Poli- 
cies on the most favorable terms. He was born 
in this city, and has been identified with his 
present undertaking since 1882. Two offices 
are occupied, and two assistants employed, all 
callers being given prompt sind courteous at- 
tention, and any desired information cheer- 
fully afforded. As for the character of the In- 
surance offered, no further proof of its reliabil- 
ity can be required than the standing of the 
companies represented, a list of which is here- 
with given : German American. Phoenix, Queen, 
Guardian, New Hampshire, Lancashire, Mer- 
chants, New York, Peoples', Holyoke Mutual, 
Provident, Washington, Travelers' Life and 
Accident of Hartford, and the Equitable Life 
Assurance Society of New York. It will be 
seen that risks placed by Mr. Berry are widely 
distributed, and it would be difficult to make 
up a list that would combine more real ad- 

Sniitb, Tobey & Co., Commission Mer- 
chants, and Dealers in Staple and Fancy Gro- 
ceries, all kinds Fresh Fish and Meats, Whole- 
sale Fruits and Produce, 242 and 244 Water 
Street, Gardiner. The firm of Smith & Tobey 
began operations in 1882, and soon e-^tablished 
a business that has steadily and rapidly grown, 
until now it will bear comparison with that of 
many houses of much greater age. Both part- 
ners are natives of Gardiner, and both are 
members of the Odd Fellows, being well known 
in the community as enterprising and progres- 
sive business men. The premises utilized are 
located at 242 and 244 Water Street, and com- 
prise two floors, each of the dimensions of 
50x83 feet. A very heavy stock is carried, and 
it is as varied as it is large, for it includes Sta- 
ple and Fancy Groceries, all kinds of Fresh 
Fish and Meats, together with Fruits and 
Country Produce. The business done is both 
Wholesale and Retail, an important depart- 
ment of it being the selling of goods on com- 
mission, an industry for the successful pros- 
ecution of which this concern enjoys special 
advantages. Consignments are solicited, and 
returns will be made with promptness and 
accuracy. Employment is given to four effi- 
cient assistants, and the retail department of 
the establishment is most liberally patronized, 
for the public are quick to learn where to buy 
to the best advantage. Reliable goods and 
bottom prices are bound to tell, and the trade 
is evidently destined to continue to" grow for 
some time to come. 



Senjamia U. Dill, Dealer in Corn, Flour 
and Provisions, Ship Stores, West India Goods, 
New Bedford Cordage, Oakum, Bone and other 
Fertilizers, opposite Public Library, Gardiner. 
There is no need of our saying that the under- 
taking conducted by Mr. Benjamin U. Dill in this 
city is one of Gardiner's representative enter- 
prises, for the fact is too well known to require 
argument or even statement. Mr. Dill was 
born in Gardiner, and began operations here in 
1865. From 1865 to 1888, is a long period of 
time, very nearly a quarter of a century, yet 
during all that time the establishment with 
which Mr. Dill is identified has maintained its 
position as a leader among enterprises of a 
similar character. The premises utilized are 
located on Water Street, opposite the Public 
Library, and comprise two floors and a base- 
ment, of the dimensions of 25x70 feet. Corn, 
Flour, Provisions, Ship Stores, Family Gro- 
ceries, etc., are handled very largely, and New 
Bedford Cordage, Oakum. Bone and other Fer- 
tilizers, are also extensively dealt in. As might 
naturally be supposed in the case of so old-es- 
tablished an enterprise, the most favorable 
relations are enjoyed with producers, wholesal- 
ers, etc., and as a consequence the inducements 
offered to customers are many and pronounced. 
A competent force of assistants is employed, 
and all orders are filled with the utmost 
promptness, the quality of the goods being in 
all cases guaranteed to prove as represented. 
Mr. Dill is thoroughly conversant with every 
detail of his business, and gives close personal 
attention to its supervision. As a member of 
the city council he has rendered valuable ser- 
vice, and is in every respect a truly representa- 
tive citizen. 

H. W. Jewett & Co., Manufacturers and 
Dealers in Lumber, Clapboards, Shingles and 
Laths. All kinds ef Dimensions Sawed to Or- 
der. Bridge Street, Gardiner. No resident of 
Maine at least needs to be informed regarding 
the importance of Lumber as an article of com- 
merce, for it is to her vast supplies of this ma- 
terial that the State chiefly owes her present 
position, nor is this supply so nearly exhausted 
as some people would have us think. On the 
contrary, it is asserted by those in a position to 
speak with authority, that there is actually 
more merchantable standing timber in Maine 
now than there was ten years ago, and they 
ascribe this fact to the more scientific methods 
practised by the lumbermen of today than 
were employed in the past. It is at all events 
sincerely to bo hoped that this statement is 
justified by the facts, for Maine can poorly 
afford to lose the revenue brought in by the 
sale of Lumber. One of the best-known houses 
in this vicinity, handling this indispensable 
commodity, is that of Messrs. H. W. Jewett & 
Co., doing business on Bridge Street. This en- 
terprise was inaugurated in 1863, and is of no 
small magnitude, the entire plant in operation 
covering an area of five acres of ground, and 
employment being afforded to ninety assist- 
ants. Lumber, Clapboards, Shingles and Laths 
are very largely manufactured, the works being 
run by water power, and about ten million feet 
of Lons: Lumber being produced annually. All 
kinds of Dimensions are Sawed to Order, and 

the facilities are such that such woi"k can be 
done at short notice and most reasonable rates. 
Mr. H. W. Jewett was born in Alna, Me., and 
is known thi-oughout the Lumber trade. The 
entire enterprise may be considered as a repre- 
sentative one, and is a credit to the locality in 
which it is carried on. 

S. D. Warren & Co., Copsecook Mill. 
Paper Manufacturers, Water Street. Gardiner. 
There is not an article that is used so exten- 
sively and known so little about by the general 
public as Paper, and notwithstanding all that 
has been said and written on the subject, we 
question if one man in a hundred of those not 
directly acquainted with the business could 
give the least idea of the processes by which 
Paper is produced. Its uses we know more 
about. And even the fact that car-wheels and 
boats are made of this material, is a common 
matter of knowledge. As fine an example of 
a modern paper-mill as can easily be found is 
that afforded by the Copsecook Mill, conducted 
by Messrs. S. D. Warren & Co., on AVater 
Street, and some idea of the magnitude of this 
enterprise, and of the ready market that is 
found for the product of the mill, may be had 
from the fact that the amount of paper daily 
produced is no less than four tons. This un- 
dei taking was founded in 1860, and has long 
ranked with the leading industries of Gardiner 
and vicinity. The ponderous machinery in use 
is run by water power, and employment is 
given to fifty assistants. The proprietor, Mr. 
Warren, is a Boston gentleman, but the estab- 
lishment is under the immediate supervision of 
Mr. H. E. Merriam, who was born in Grafton, 
Mass., and who neglects nothing that would 
tend to improve the efficiency of the plant un- 
der his charge. 

The Gardiner National Bank, of Gar- 
diner. The Gardiner Bank, of which the Gar- 
diner National Bank is the successor, was char- 
tered as a State Bank by the Commonwealth of 
Massachusetts, in January, 1814, and has been 
in continual operation as a State and National 
Bank to the present time. In its three-quar- 
ters of a century of active business who can 
estimate the benefits that have been derived, 
directly and indirectly, by the community in 
which it is located ? Who can tell how many 
local enterprises owe their present existence to 
this institution? Who can enumerate the mer- 
chants that have been aided, the manufactur- 
ers that have been assisted in time of trouble, 
the almost numberless cases in which tempo- 
rary aid from the Bank has resulted in a crisis 
being successfully met, and future prosperity 
assured? " But all this help was given in the 
way of business," you say. So it was. But 
suppose there had been no bank to do this. 
Suppose dependence had to be placed on out- 
of-town institutions, managed by men who had 
no personal interest in Gardiner's prosperity, 
do you suppose that the results would have 
been the same, and our city just where it is 
today? The question answers itself. Certainly 
not. The officers and directors of the Gardi- 
ner National Bank are all well-known citizens, 
and a perusal of their names will serve to show 



how deeply they are interested in the city's 
growth. They are as follows: President, 
Isaac J. Carr, Cashier, Everett L. Smith, Direc- 
tors, I. J. Carr, P. G. Bradstreet, VV. F. Rich- 
ards, J. C. Atkins, Augustus Hopkins. The 
institution has a capital stock paid in of $50,000 
and surplus and profits of $30,000, and is in a 
most excellent financial condition in every 

S. Soule & Son, Dealers in Boots, Shoes 
and Rubbers, Davis Building, Water Street, 
Gardiner. Men are as unlike in their desires as 
they are in their characters, as a matter of 
course; and then the difference in occupations 
comes in to still further increase the variety of 
conditions to be suited in the selection of goods. 
One man, for instance, wants his shoes easy and 
comfortable, another demands that his be snug 
and tight. A calls for heavy boots; B must 
have light slippers, while C scorns extremes and 
asks for a shoe that is stylish but easy, light 
but durable. To satisfy all these demands is, as 
may well be supposed, no light task, and it is 
owing to their liaving been so successful in ac- 
complishing this result that the firm of Messrs. 
S. Soule & Son enjoys its present popularity 
and extensive trade. This concern began oper- 
ations in 187o, and occupy premises of the di- 
mensions of 28x40 feet in the Davis I3uilding, 
Water Street. Boots. Shoes and Rubbers of all 
kinds, sizes and qualities are handled, and an 
important factor in the success attained, has 
been the magnitude of the stock carried, for 
this is always sufficiently great to allow of all 
tastes being suited and all purses provided for. 
Mr. S. Soule is a member of the Golden Cross 
and Mr. H. E. Soule is connected with the Free 
Masons and the United Workmen and the 
Knights of Pythias. Both these gentlemen have 
the respect and esteem of the community, and 
"we can assure our readers that no other boot 
and shoe house in the city is in a position to 
guarantee more solid satisfaction to its cus- 

Robbins & Sous, Foundry and Machine 
Shop, Gardiner. An enterprise which has 
gained a high reputation since it was inaug- 
urated here ten years ago, is that carried on 
under the firm name of Robbins & Sons. As 
originally constituted, the firm was made up of 
Messrs. C. A. E. & A. A. Robbins, but since the 
decease of the first-named gentleman in 1886, 
the enterprise has been continued by Messrs. 
E. E. and A. A. Robbins, under the old style. 
Both the proprietoi's are natives of Gardiner, 
and are well-known citizens, the Machine Shop 
and Foundry they carry on ranking with the 
most reliable in the State. The premises util- 
ized are spacious and well fitted up, and the 
facilities for filling all orders with promptness 
and accuracy are unsurpassed, a competent and 
careful force of assistants being employed, and 
no means neglected to insure the attainment of 
the best results. Enjoying many advantages, 
the firm are in a position to make their prices 
as satisfactory as their goods, and those who 
want anything in their line will best serve their 
own interests by learning what Messrs. Robbins 
& Sons have to offer. 

Georg-e W. Cross, Gun and Lock Smith, 
and dealers in Guns, Pistols and Sporting 
Goods, High Explosive Powder for Blasting 
Purposes, Base Ball Goods, etc. Special Atten- 
tion given to Repairing Clothes Wringers. Saws 
Hammered and Filed. No. 11 Depot Square, 
Gardiner. One of the busiest establishments 
that we know of in this city, is that of which 
Mr, George W. Cross is the proprietor, located 
at No. 11 Depot Square, and it is no wonder 
that this should be the case, for Mr. Cross not 
only deals largely in Guns, Pistols and Sport- 
ing Goods in general, but also in Locks, Knives, 
Razors, etc., and beside this, makes a specialty 
of Repairing; paying particular attention to 
Clothes Wringers. Saws are Hammered and 
Filed, Carpet Sweepers, Lawn Mowers, Sewing 
Machines, Paring Machines, etc., put in order at 
short notice, and in fact Mr. Cross announces 
that he is prepared to undertake the repairing 
of anything that may be brought to him. Pink- 
ing Irons, Knives and Blades, Shears and Small 
Tools in general, are offered for sale at the 
lowest markft rates, and a full stock of ammu- 
niti(m is carried, including Powder, Shot, 
Shells, Wads, etc. Mr. Cross is a native of 
this city, and is connected with the Free Masons. 
He is also a member of the Grand Army, and 
served under Sheridan in that General's famous 
raid of which so much has been written and 
said. The premises utilized for the carrying on 
of operations, are I8x.>5 feet in size, and employ- 
ment is given to two assistants. Orders are 
filled with the utmost dispatch, and particular 
attention is given to the fitting of keys. 

Joshua Gray & Son, Manufacturers and 
Dealers in all kinds of Pine, Spruce and Hack 
Lumber, Clapboards, Shingles, Laths, Gardiner. 
Maine is so intimately associated in the minds of 
a majority of the people with lumber in one form 
or the other, that they find it impossible to 
think of the one without recalling the other 
also. As often as the figures have been made 
public, there are still very few who have any 
realizing sense of the amount of lumber that is 
annually produced in this State, but that this 
amount is something enormous, is to be seen 
from the fact that a single Gardiner establish- 
ment — that of Messrs. Joshua Gray ife Son, lo- 
cated on Summer Street — turns out nix million 
feet yearly. They own forty thousand acres of 
timber land. This is one of the oldest under- 
takings of the kind in this section, having been 
founded in 1847, and Mr. Gray has for many 
years been regarded as a representative citizen, 
having served in both branches of the City 
Council as well as in the position of Mayor. 
He is a member of the Odd Fellows, and is of 
course almost universally known and very 
highly esteemed. The firm of Joshua Gray & 
Son maintain a plant covering some five acres 
of ground, on which are located five buildings 
of varying size. Employment is given to fifty 
hands, and Pine, Spruce and Hack Lumber is 
manufactured and dealt in very largely, as are 
also Clapboards, Shingles and Laths. No con- 
cern enjoys better facilities, either for the ob- 
taining of raw material, or for working it up 
into merchantable form, and no concern is in a 
position to offer equally desirable stock at lower 



J, L/. Stoddard, Broker, Insurance Agent, 
and U. S. Claim Agent, Kennebec and Penob- 
scot River Ice and Ice Stock, bought and sold 
on Commission. Pensions, Bounties, etc., pro- 
cured. Office, Water Street, opposite Johnson 
House, Gardiner. The propriety and wisdom 
of securing a competent agent when seeking to 
bring about certain results, hardly needs to be 
mentioned in these columns, for it is to be pre- 
sumed that all of our readers are intelligent 
people, and being so, they can require no aigu- 
ment to convince them of the advisability of 
such a course. This being the case, we need 
make no apology for calling their attention to 
the enterprise carried on by Mr. J. L. Stoddard, 
who has an office on Water Street, opposite the 
Johnson House, for this gentleman acts as 
Broker, Insurance Agent, and U. S. Claim 
Agent, and may be implieitly depended upon 
to protect the interests of his clients to the 
extent of his ability. Mr. Stoddard was born 
in Edgartown, Mass., and officiated for thirteen 
years as deputy clerk U. S. Internal Revenue, 
retiring on the first of June, 1886, and inaugu- 
rating his present enterprise the year follow 

one that is not, and therefore when buying a 
harness procure it at an establishment where 
skilled labor is employed, and where a large 
and varied stock is carried. Such an establish- 
ment is that conducted by Messrs. Fred Little- 
field ife Co.. No. 211 Water Street, and those 
who will examine the assortment of goods 
shown by this firm will find that it includes not 
only Harness and Horse Clothing of every de- 
scription, but also Trunks, Bags, Whips, etc. 
Mr. Littlefield was born in this city, as was 
also his associate in business, and has been 
identified with his present enterprise since 
1S75. Four floors, ol the dimensions of 20x.55 
feet, are utilized, and six expeiienced and effi- 
cient assistants employed. Harness is manu- 
factured and dealt in both at wholesale and 
retail, and the work done at this establishment 
is strictly first class, being wairanted in every 
particular. The lowest market rates are quoted 
in every department, and it is only natural that 
a very large business should be done. 

A. Fuller & Son, Grocers and Floui* 
Dealers, Gardiner. An establishment from 

ing. He is a member of the Free Masons and I which many Gardiner families procure their 

G. A. R., and has a wide circle of friends. He 
represents the Fireman's Fund Insurance Com- 
pany, of San Francisco, the Anglo Nevada, of 
the same city, the Sun of London Insurance 
Company of the State of Pennsylvania, and 
the Provident Aid Society, of which latter 
organization he was one of the incorporators. 
Mr, Stoddard can place Insurance at the lowest 
obtainable rates, and does a large business in 
this department alone. He is prepared to buy 
and sell Kennebec and Penobscot River Ice and 
Ice Stock on Commission, and enjoys very 
favorable relations with producers and the gen- 
eral business public. Especial attention is 
given to the collections of claims, and we be- 
lieve there is no U. S. Claim Agent in this State 
who is in a better position to advance the best 
interests of those having occasion for the ser- 
vices of such a representative. Mr. Stoddard's 
charges are fair and moderate, and he is very 
prompt and painstaking in his business 

supplies of Groceries, etc., is that conducted 
by Messrs. A. Fuller A son, on Water Street; 
and this enterprise is deemed worthy of special 
mention, as it is a truly representative one in 
many respects, and is one of the most liberally 
patronized in this section. Business was begun 
in 1874 by Mr. A. Fuller, the present co-part- 
nership being formed in 1885. Both members 
of the firm are natives of this city, and the 
senior partner has served on the Board of Al- 
dermen, and is connected with the Golden* 
Cross and the Grand Army. He was a member 
of the nth Maine Regiment at the time of the 
Rebellion, and was stationed at Washington for 
a considerable period. The premises utilized 
for the carrying on of the business, consists of 
one floor measuring 40x38 feet, and a spacious, 
storehouse. Doing both a wholesale and retail 
business, it is, of course, necessary to carry a 
heavy stock, and we believe that few similar 
establishments in the State contains a more 
carefully and skillfully selected assortment of 
the best Family Groceries, Meats, etc. It will 
be found to be complete in every department, 
made up of fresh and desirable goods, and 
offered at prices that would insure the sale of 
far less standard articles. Employment is given 
to four competent and polite assistants, and 

Fred Littlefield & Co., Manufacturers 
of and Dealers in Harness, Trunks, Bags, 
Whips, etc., Horse Clothing of every descrip- 
tion, Harness at Wholesale and Retail, 211 
Water Street, Gardiner. Our Harnesses are all 

hand-made (no factory work), and made from ! customers are promised prompt and courteous 
the very best Oak Tanned Stock. We make j attention, while a full guarantee is given that 
over fifty different kinds, and will send one to goods shall prove as represented. 

any address in the State, express prepaid, sub- 

ject to examination, C. O. D., and if not per- J. D. Hujfhes, Dealer in Pianos, Organs, 
fectly satisfactory it may be returned to us at etc. Tuninii and Repairing promptly attended 
our expense. In ordering, please be very par- to. Orders by mail. Catalogues sent on appli- 
ticular and state as near as you can the style of cation. Water Street, Gardiner. It is not our 
trimmings, heft of harness, style of reins, and j intention, and indeed this is not the place, to 
about the price you wish to pay. Correspond- 1 present an essay on the intimate connection 

between music and home, but all of our read- 
ers must have noticed how essential music of 

ence solicited. Water Street. It is a very 
costly mistake to assume that the harness worn 
by a horse has but little effect upon his capac- 
ity for work, and those who hold such a posi- 
tion are growing fewer in number every year. 
Just as surely as it is easier to cut with a sharp 
knife than with a dull one, can a horse accom- 
plish more when pi-ovided with a harness 
suited to him than when he has to put up with 

some kind is to a perfect home, and hence will 
support us in the assertion that no family cir- 
cle is really complete unless it contains a musi- 
cal instrument of one kind or another. Pianos 
and Organs are doubtless the most popular of 
all family musical instruments, for although 
their cost is greater than that of simpler and 



more-portable articles, still their advantages for 
what may be called "all 'round use"— dancing, 
playing, singing, etc., — more than make amends 
for this one drawback. A good Piano or Organ 
will last a lifetime, and may be bought at a 
surprisingly low figure nowadays, if the right 
place be visited, and in this connection we 
wish to call attention to the establishment con- 
ducted by Mr. J. D. Hughes, on Water Street, 
for this gentleman can supply a Piano or an 
Organ at bottom prices, and since beginning 
operations in 1877, has built up a business that 
shows the public are quick to recognize relia- 
ble and liberal methods. The premises occu- 
pied measure 20x50 feet, and a fine stock of 
Pianos, Organs, and Musical Instruments in 
general is constantly carried. Mr. Hughes em- 
ploys three competent and polite assistants, 
and all callers are assured prompt attention 
and uniformly courteous treatment. Any de- 
sired information will be cheerfully given, and 
we would advise all interested to give Mr. 
Hughes an early call. 

John W. Berry, Fresco and Scenic 
Painter, Goodspeed Block, Depot Square, Gar- 
diner. Our readers need not be told that the 
subject of Interior Decoration has received 
great attention of late years in this country, 
for the evidences of it are to be seen on every 
side, and there are several periodicals pub 
lished which are devoted almost entirely to this 
art. That it is an art, no one will deny, and 
indeed so comprehensive is its scope that no 
one man can practice it in all its departments; 
and consequently it has been divided up into 
various specialties, of which that attended to 
by the Fresco Painter is one of the most im- 
portant. The possibilities of Fresco Painting 
are almost endless, and a skillful and original 
designer of thorough technical training can 
transform a bare and ugly ceiling into "a thing 
of beauty" if not " a joy forever." The name 
of John W. Berry is so intimately associated 
with this branch of art in the minds of resi- 
dents of Gardiner and vicinity, that the one 
cannot be mentioned without recalling the 
other. Mr. Berry is a native and a life-long 
resident of this city, and the fact that he is 
now serving his second term as mayor (he be- 
ing the youngest mayor Gardiner has ever had), 
shows the estimation in which he is held here, 
and renders extended personal mention quite 
unnecessary. He began operations in 1869 as 
a Landscape Painter, but since 1879 has de- 
voted himself to Fresco and Scenic Painting. 
Mr. Berry makes a specialty of original designs, 
so that it is not surprising that his work is 
quite devoid of that machine-like and monot- 
onous character which has ever been the bane 
of Ameiican Fresco decoration. Among the 
more prominent buildings on which he has 
been employed are the Court-House in Augusta, 
the Soldiers' Home at Togus (in which he dec- 
orated General Franklin Hall), the chapel at 
the Insane Hospital, the hall of the Knigbts of 
Pythias in this city, and the new chapel at the 
National Home. Mr. Berry's place of business 
is in Goodspeed Block, Depot Square, and those 
contemplating having anything done in the 
Fresco-painting line would do well to give him 
a call. 

W. B. Neal (Successor to B. A. Neal & Son), 
Insurance Agent and Broker. Fire, Marine, 
Life and Accident. Represent the largest com- 
panies in the World. Office over Brown's Dry 
Goods Store. Water Street, Gardiner. It is now 
over a quarter of a century since the insurance 
agency, conducted by Mr. W. B. Neal was 
founded, in 1862, it being carried on from 
that date up to 1887, under the firm-name of B. 

A. Neal & Son. Of course during its long and 
useful existence this agency has become known 
throughout Gardiner and vicinity, and the to- 
tal amount of Insurance placed by it has 
reached enormous proportions. Representing 
the largest companies in the world, Mr. W. 

B. Neal is prepared to afford Insurance of the 
most satisfactory and reliable character, and 
is in a position to quote the lowest rates on 
Fire, Marine. Life and Accident risks. Mr. 
Neal is a native of this city, and a well-known 
business man. He is also secretary of the 
Board of Underwriters. Two offices, measur- 
ing 20x40 feet, are occupied at No. 72 Water 
Street, over Brown's Dr^ Goods store, and any 
of our readers wishing information relative to 
Insurance, would do well to give Mr. W. B. 
Neal an early call, for he is an authority on the 
subject, and is always ready to render any aid 
in his power. The following companies are 
represented: — ^tna, of Hartford; Liverpool 
and London and Globe, London; Northern 
London; Germania, New York; Niagara. New 
York; Union, Philadelphia; Orient, of Hartford; 
Employers' Liability, England; Mutual Life, 
New York. No stronger or more comprehen- 
sive list could be asked for, and merchants who 
want their stock protected, manufacturers who 
want their costly machinery covered, ship-own- 
ers, etc., who want their vessels and cargoes 
insured, professional men who want to provide 
against accident or death— all these will find 
unsurpassed facilities at this office for the 
transaction of such business. 

Lawrence Brothers, Saw Mills. South 
Gardiner. In the preparation of a work of this 
kind, considerable difficulty is experienced in 
presenting an adequate idea of the comparative 
importance of the many business enterprises it 
treats of, for while some of these are of local 
celebrity, others aie known tbioughout the 
State, and not a few are known all over New 
England, and in fact even outside of that section 
of the country. Among these latter concerns, 
prominent place should be given to the house 
of Lawrence Brothers, for the undertaking 
carried on by this firm has been in operation 
for twenty-two years, and is one of the most 
important of its kind in the State. The works 
are located at South Gardiner and include a 
Saw Mill and a Planing Mill, the entire plant 
covering an area of five acres of ground, and 
employment being given to seventy-five experi- 
enced assistants. The firm is made up of 
Messrs. C, H., S., and G. Lawrence, all of whom 
were born in this city. These gentlemen have 
one of the best-equipped Lumber Mills in Maine, 
and are in a position to offer decided advan- 
tages to those purchasing lumber in large quan- 
tities. Their sources of supply are unfailing 
and they are prepared to furnish any desired 
quantity at short notice and at the lowest 
market rates. 




This Company is proprietor of the line of 
Steamers runningc from this city to Boston, and 
by connecting Steamer to Augusta. It origi- 
nated in 1834, when the pioneer Steamer " Mc- 
Donough" opened the business, not running 
direct to Boston, but making direct connection 
•with other steamers at Portland, In 1836 she 
was succeeded by the New England, which was 
the first to run to Boston, and from which time 
the direct line has been maintained, she being 
followed by the Huntress, in 1838, the John W. 
Richmond in 1840, then by the Penobscot, the 
Kennebec and the Charter Oak, in turn, then 
by the Ocean in 1850, the Governor in 1854, the 
Eastern Queen in 1857, and the Star of the East 
in 1866. which is still running and one of the 
safest and best-managed Steamers sailing from 
Boston. Her commander, Capt. Jason Collins, 
was first employed on the line in 1836, and has 
been in the same employ — with the exception 
of about eight years spent on the Pacific Coast 
— from that time to the present. He became 
captain of the Eastern Queen in 1860, and was 
transferred to the Star of the East when she 
was built, in 1806, and stands to-day as one of 
the ablest and most popular steamboat captains 
in New England. This line has been largely 
instrumental in the prosperity of the Kennebec 
Valley, and always ready to meet all the re- 
quirements of the business public. They are 
now having built by the New England Co., at 
Bath, an elegant new steamer, to go on the 
route early this season, and run witli the Star, 
giving greatly increased facilities for travel and 
freight carrying. The new steamer is to be 
265 teet in length, and 62 feet in breadth, over 
all; is to be equipped with all modern con- 
veniences, and with electriclights, electric bells 
and steam steering apparatus, and will be one 
of the most elegant steamers sailing from Bos- 
ton. Among the early proprietors of this line, 
were the well-known names of Nathaniel Kim- 
ball, William Bradstreet ancl,Isaac Rich ; while 
among the present owners are found the mem- 
bers of the firm of which Mr, Rich was the head 

and the sons of Mr. Bradstreet. who are all 
most zealous in the work of the line, which 
came to them from so worthy hands. Among 
the heaviest stockholders stand also the names 
of James B. Drake of Bath, and E. C. Allen and 
Oscar Holway of Augusta. The old patrons of 
the line, as they go upon the steamers, find 
themselves carried back to their early years as 
they find the genial officers of twenty years ago 
the Pilots, Captains Baker and Peach; the Clerk, 
C. G. Wall, whose father was one of the first 
Clerks on the line; the veteran Steward, loved 
by all, Frank Dunphy; the Second Steward, 
C. H. Stetson; the Mate, Capt. C. E. Bradstreet, 
and many a waiter who has passed nearly his 
whole life in this service. Thomas A. Rich, of 
Boston, is President, and with him are associ- 
ated Wm. H. West, of Boston ; J. B. Drake, of 
Bath; E. C. Allen, of Augusta; and Capt. Col- 
lins, as Directors; and E. L. Smith, of Gardi- 
ner, is Clerk and Treasurer. O. M. Blanchard 
is Agent at Gardiner; W. J, Tuck at Augusta; 
the veteran General Eastern Agents, Hiram Ful- 
ler, at Hallowell; John T. Robinson at Rich- 
mond ; G. C. Greenleaf at Bath ; and Charles 
H. Hyde at Boston. 

Evans Hotel, O. C Rollins, proprietor, 
Water and Church Streets, Gardiner. It has 
long been our opinion that the sei'vices rendered 
any given community by the establishment and 
maintenance of a really first-class Hotel in its 
midst, are greatly underestimated in the ma- 
jority of cases. No one who has given the 
matter any attention will deny that a liberally 
and intelligently managed Hotel will attract 
visitors to the city or town in which it may be 
located. The fact is notorious, how the class of 
people who patronize a first-class Hotel, as a 
rule have money to spend and do spend it free- 
ly, and there is not a merchant in town but 
what is benrfited more or less directly by the 
presence of such visitors. It should therefore 



be a subject for congratulation among Gar- 1 
diner business men that the Evans Hotel j 
should be under its present management, for 
there is no denying that this is a first-class j 
house, run in a first-class manner, and the effect 
of the liberal methods pursued by its proprietor 
is plainly to be seen in the character and extent 
of the patronage received. The Evans Hotel \ 
occupies three floors of the dimensions of 40x60 ' 
feet, and is most conveniently arranged and 
*very completely fitted up. The proprietor of j 
the establishment, Mr. O. C. Rollins, was born in I 
Pittston, Me. He has made many friends since 
becoming identified with his present enterprise j 
in 1867, for he is very solicitous of the comfort 
of his guests, and spares no pains to make them i 
feel entirely at home while stopping under his \ 
roof. There are ten assistants employed, and 
prompt and polite service is guaranteed, both 
at the table (which is bountifully and tastefully 
supplied), and in all the other departments of 
the establishment. 

Richards Paper Co., Water Street, Gar- 
diner. The Manufacture of Paper forms, as 
most of our readers doubtless know, one of the 
most important of Gardiner's industries, and 
the advantages afforded by the natural facili- 
ties in and about the city were early recognized, 
as will be seen from the fact that one establish- 
ment now maintained here (that run by the 
Richards Paper Company), has been in opera- 
tion for seventy-five years. About 1835, it be- 
came known as the " Richards Paper Mill," the 
proprietors being Messrs. Richards & Hoskins, 
who were succeeded in 1858, by Richards & Co., 
and in 1884 the present company was formed, 
and assumed control. The President is Mr. J. 
F. Richards. The Treasurer and General Man- 
ager, Mr. Henry Richards, and the Superinten- 
dent Mr. A. McDermid. The entire plant in 
operation covers an area of three acres of 
ground, and includes costly and elaborate ma- 
chinery of the roost approved and efficient de- 
sign. A one hundred and fifty horse-power 
steam engine is at hand to furnish motive 
power, either in connection with or indepen- 
dent of the large water power also available, 
and employment is given to seventy-five assis- 
tants, the total daily production of the estab- 
lishment amounting to eight tons and tlie pay- 
roll footing up $2200 per month. The carrying 
on of such an enterprise cannot fail to be of 
great benefit to any community in which it may 
be located, and the citizens of (Gardiner may 
well congratulate themselves on having so 
representative an industry connected with 
their city. 

sion. This enterprise was inaugurated over a 
half-century ago, being founded by Messrs. 
Holmes & Robbins in 18.37. The present firm- 
name was adopted in 1860, and the concern is 
now made up of Messrs. P. C, G. M., and P. H. 
Holmes, the first-named gentleman being a 
native of Kingston, Mass., and the two latter of 
Gardiner. The senior partner was formerly a 
Representative in the State Legislature, and all 
the members of the firm are too well known to 
require further personal mention. About one- 
half acre of ground is occupied by the plant in 
use, there being a machine-shop two stories in 
height, a foundry, occupying one floor, and a 
pattern shop, comprising three stories. A 
twenty-five horse-power steam-engine supplies 
the motive power, and a sixty-horse boiler is 
used in connection with it, employment being 
given to about forty men. The Holmes Turbine 
Water Wheel is the most important article 
manufactured, and orders for these appliances 
come in rapidly and steadily, as the Holmes 
Wheel is known to be one of the most econom- 
ical and efficient ever produced. Accurately 
Spaced and Planed Gears are also extensively 
manufactured, as well as Shafting, Hangers, 
Bridge Trees, Pulleys, Castings, etc. General 
Mill work will receive prompt and satisfactory 
attention, and while .skilled help and the best 
of material are employed, the charges made 
will be found reasonable and just. 

The Holmes Gear Works, P. C. Holmes 
& Co., Proprietors, Manufacturers of The 
Holmes Turbine Water Wlieel. Accurately 
Spaced and Planed Gears, Shafting, Hangers 
Bridge Trees. Pulleys, General Mill Work and 
Castings, Water Street. Gardiner. We need 
not point out the establishment carried on by 
Messrs. P. C. Holmes & Co., as a representative 
one in many important respects, for the fact is 
too generally known to require further exten- 

Merchauts National Bank, 166 Water 
Street, Gardiner. It is quite unnecessary for 
us to mention in detail the reasons for the es- 
tablishment of the Merchants National Bank, 
which began operations in 1884. Suffice it to 
say that the liberal patronage accorded the 
institution has fully vindicated the judgment 
of its founders, and that no Bank in the State 
has a more prosperous future apparently as- 
sured to it. Of course a prime factor in the 
succfss of an institution of this kind is the 
establishment of confidence in its directing 
officers, and the Merchants Bank is especially 
favored in this respect, for the gentlemen iden- 
tified with its maii.igemc'ut are universally 
known in this community, and are respected as 
substantial business men, who have the best 
interests of the city at heart. The President is 
Mr. David Dennis, and the Cashier Mr. Henry 
Farrington, the Board of Directors being made 
up of the first-named gentleman, together with 
Messrs. Charles Danforth, .Joseph S. Biadstreet, 
Jason Collins, and Harvey Scribner.-Under their 
fostering care the Merchants National Bank has 
already established a prominent place for itself 
in the financial operations of this .section of 
j the State, and has proved itself to be in fact, as 
well as in name, a "Merchants" Bank. The 
j institution has a capital of $100,000, and a sur- 
plus of $5,o50, and is prepared to discount 
approved commercial paper, receive deposits, 
and in fact transact a general banking business. 
While striving to aid deserving local industries 
as much as possible, the management do not 
forget that their first and most important duty 
is to keep the Bank in a perfectly sound finan- 
cial condition, and their record so far, cer- 
tainly, shows them to be well qualified for the 
task they have undertaken. 






154 Churcli Street, Gardiner, Maine. 

Smith. & Gardiner, Manutactuieis and 
Dealers in Carnages and Sleighs. Particular 
Attention paid to Ordered Work and Repairing 
done in the best manner at short notice. 152 
and 154 Church Street, Gardiner. Those of 
our readers who have read (and what New 
Englander has not?) Dr. Holmes' description of 
the building of the " wonderful one hoss shay," 
will remember how many varieties of wood 
■were named as entering into the coTistruction 
of it. Ash, oak, whitewood, hickory — all 
these and some others were combined in that 
truly "wonderful" old vehicle that was "so 
built that it couldn't break down." When it 
finally went to pieces " All at once and nothing 
first, just as bubbles do when they bust," it was 
not broken down but simply worn out, in fact, 
it came to just such an end ns its designer in- 
tended it should. Now although Carnage 
Building has not yet been reduced to such a 
science that " bi'eaking down '' is entirely done 
away with, nevertheless by the judicious selec- 
tion of materials, and the exercise of skill and 
care in putting them together, some very dura- 
ble vehicles have been produced, and those who 
want a Carriage combining eletrance of design 
with thoroughness and strength of workman- 
ship, can do no better than to place their oider 
with Messrs. Smith and Gardiner, doing business 
on Church Street. This firm begun operations 
in 1871, and their pi-oductions have for years 
been regarded as standard articles in every re- 

spect. They combine lightness with strength 
in a marked degree, and are fully warranted as 
regards perfection of workmanship and mater- 
ial. In addition to Building fine Carriages and 
Sleighs to order. This firm gives particular at- 
tention to making Express and Business Wagons 
and Pungs to order. Employing skilled work- 
men and having every facility for turning out 
first-class and durable work, it is no wonder 
that their trade constantly increases. At the 
beginning of the season, the owner of a Carriage 
or Sleigh usually finds that more or less repairs 
are necessary, either in the way of Upholstery, 
Painting or Varnishing even if nothing is 
broken. Instead of waiting until the last mo- 
ment, the far-sighted individual will send the 
vehicle to Messrs. Smith & Gardiner some time 
before it is wanted. He thus gets it out of his 
dusty barn or carriage-house, and when the 
season opens is not obliged to wait his time for 
the Carriage to be finished, as is the case when 
all come at once. Sleighs or Carriages may be 
sent in at any time for repairs, and will be 
stored free until they are wanted, ample room 
being provided for their large trade. The 
premises occupied are 42x80 feet in size and 
comprise two floors, employment being given 
to seven assistants. Repairing is extensively 
carried on, and the charges in this department, 
as well as for new work, are moderate and sat- 



Oakland National Bank, Water Street, 
Gardiner. For nearly a quarter of a century 
has the Oakland National Bank been carried on 
in this city, and we question if the full magni- 
tude of the service of this institution has ren- 
dered in building up Gardiner's business inter- 
terests will ever be appreciated. From the in- 
ception of operations in 1865, the bank has 
been managed in a conservative, and yet lib- 
eral manner, and thouojh making no great pre- 
tensions, still its record is one that might well 
be envied by many a much more aggressive 
and prominent institution. There is a wide 
difference between the meaning of the words 
"prominent" and "important," although they 
are frequently used in the same sense. And 
we know that tiiose conversant with the facts 
will subscribe to our assertion that the charac- 
ter of the service rendered by the Oakland Na- 
tional Bank has been such as to make that 
institution of much more importance than 
prominence. The Bank has a capital of .$.50,000, 
surplus and other undivided profits $32,600, 
and is as sound as a rock financially, being 
most admirably prepared to maintain the hon- 
orable position it has held so long, and giving 
every promise of enjoying as bright a future as 
it has a past. The President, Mr. Joshua Gray, 
and the Cashier, Mr. S. Bowman, are well 
known and popular gentlemen, who are highly 
esteemed in Gardiner and vicinity, while the 
Directors are composed of such men as Joseph 
Perry, Myrick Hopkins, P. N. Barstow, and 
Charles Swett, in addition to Mr. Gray, the 
gentleman first mentioned. After presenting 
such a list of names, there is no need of dwell- 
ing further upon the solidity of the institution. 
Its affairs could not be in better hands, and 
success is assured under such circumstances. 

William H. Kins', Dealer in Beef. Pork, 
Lard, Hams, Butter, Cheese, Poultry, Vegeta- 
bles, Canned Goods, Tobacco, Cigars, Salt and 
Fresh Fish, Country Produce, Choice Grocer- 
ies, and Fruits of all kinds, 141 Water Street, 
Gardiner. There are certain advantages which 
householders find in trading at the establish- 
ment conducted by Mr. William H. King, at No. 
141 Water Street, which certainly go far to ex- 
plain the exceptional popularity of the house in 
question. Mr. Ring sells so large a variety of 
food-products that it is possible to purchase all 
one's supplies of him, week after week, without 
sameness and monotony. Meats, Fish, Pro- 
visions and Groceries — all these are obtaina- 
ble at his store, and that, too, at prices that 
will compare favorably with those quoted else- 
where on goods of equal merit. The premises 
utilized comprise one floor and a basement, 
and measure 2.5x60 feet. A large stock is car- 
ried, and Beef, Pork, Lard, Hams, and other 
Fresh and Cured Meats form a prominent part 
of it, while Fresh and Salt Fish are also exten- 
sively handled. Staple and Fancy Groceries, 
selected expressly for Family use, are offered at 
the lowest market rates, and Country Produce 
and Fruits of all kinds are also for sale at bot- 
tom prices. Especial attention is called to the 
Butter and Cheese handled at this establish- 
ment, for they are received direct from the best 
dairies, and are fully guaranteed. Mr. liing 
employs three efficient and polite assistants, 

and all callers are assured prompt and courte- 
ous attention. He was born in this city, and is 
a member of the Knights of Pythias. Mr. Ring 
has been identified with his present enterprise 
for about seventeen years, and well deserves 
the success he has won. 

E. E. Lewis, Architect, Water Street, Gardi- 
ner. There are few men but what make up 
their minds to build, sooner or later, for it is an 
inborn instinct in humanity to wish to own 
the roof over its head. Now a man who con- 
templates erecting a building of any great pre- 
tensions, of coui-se always employs an archi- 
tect, but it is often the case where only an or- 
dinary dwelling is to be built, that the services 
of an architect are looked upon as unnecessary, 
and will be dispensed with in order to save ex- 
pense. We believe such a course to be not only 
unwise but also un-economical, for the cost of 
drawing up the plans, etc., for an average 
dwelling-house is really very small, and the ad- 
vantages of having specificatioiis to go by are 
too numerous to allow of their being lightly set 
aside. Every man has his own ideas of how he 
wants his house built, and if a competent arcbi- 
tectjbe engaged, these ideas may be put into 
practical shape; their mistakes corrected and 
their good points taken advantage of. Some 
pains should be taken, of course, to choose an 
architect who would heartily lend his co-oper- 
ation in the attainment of satisfactory results, 
and in this connection we desire to call the at- 
tention of our readers to the record made by 
Mr. E. E. Lewis of this city. Since he began 
operations here in 1884, Mr. Lewis has shown 
himself to be a competent and original archi- 
tect, who is not above receiving suggestions 
from his customers, and has gained no^small 
degree of popularity by reason of the evident 
personal interest he takes in carrying out the 
commissions with which he is favored to the 
best advantage. His office is located at 161 Water 
St., and employment is given to two assistants, 
enabling him to produce plans, etc., at short 
notice, while his charges are, in all cases, mod- 
erate and equitable. 

Geoi-ffe Mcintosh, Photographer, Water 
Street. Gardiner. We need not describe the 
various steps by which the art of Photography 
has reached its present perfection, for our read- 
ers are of course aware that great progress has 
been made of late, as shown by the results at- 
tained by Mr. George Mcintosh, at his studio 
on Water Street, for this gentleman is an Artis- 
tic Photographer in every sense of the word, 
and the portraits produced by him will bear 
comparison with those coming from the most 
noted Boston and New York photographers. 
The premises utilized comprise a reception- 
room, of the dimensions of 20x20 feet, and 
three other apartments, having an area of 
20x40 feet, every facility being at hand for the 
convenience of patrons, and also for carrying 
on operations to the best advantage. Mr. 
Mcintosh was born in Hallo well, Me., and in- 
augurated his present enterprise in 1872. He 
has been favored with many orders, and the 
results have been so uniformly and highly sat- 
isfactory that a large and steadily growing 
business has already been established. 



Gardiner Beef Co., Commission Mer- 
chants in Chicago Dressed Beef, 69 Water St. 
We eastern people are apt to smile good-na- 
turedly at times at the pretentious and " big" 
assertions of our fellow-citizens of the " bound- 
less west," but nevertheless it must be confessed 
that in certain things they do indeed " beat the 
world," and one of the most important indus- 
tries in which they excel, is the raising and 
handling of Beef. Since " Chicago Pressed 
Beef" began to be known in our eastern mar- 
kets, there has been a long and bitter fight for 
the supremacy, but it is now, and has been for 
some time, settled that western beef is, on the 
whole, far superior to that of our own raising, 
and that " Chicago Dressed Beef" is as good as 

the best, and very hard to beat in any partic- 
ular. This beef is sold all over the United 
States at the present time, and in some foreign 
countries, and we have yet to learn of an 
authenticated instance where it failed to give 
satisfaction to any reasonable puichaser. Ap- 
preciating the sharp competition which they 
have to withstand, they make it a point to 
handle only such an article as cannot fail to 
please. One of the most enterprising and 
largely patronized of the many houses dealing 
in this product, is that carried on by the Gar- 
diner Beef Co., in this city, at No. 69 Water 
Street, and the volume of business done shows 
how abundantly the goods dealt in are appre- 




^FIE irony of history is well illustrated in the fortunes of the twin cities — Hal- 
lowell and Augusta. A century ago the former place seemed to have much 
the better prospects. Including all of the present territory occupied by both cities, 
it gave strong evidence of becoming the leading city of the Kennebec valley. But 
though that part of the original town set off and named Augusta, has had better 
fortunes than the rest, there is still much of great interest and historical value in the 
older city of Hallowell. The earliest settlement within the limits of old Hallowell 
was at Cushnoc, now Augusta. Here the Pilgrims built their block-house in 1629, 
and here in 1754 was Fort Western established by the Massachusetts colonists. 
Around this fort for several miles up and down, and on both sides of the river, the 
old settlement grew up until it was all incorporated, in 1771, under the name of Hal- 
lowell in honor of Benjamin Hallowell of Boston, a leading owner of real estate in 
the town. What is now the city of Hallowell was originall called " Bombahock," by 
the Indians. Among the earliest settlers at this point were Jonathan Davenport, who 
came in 1762, Samuel Bullen and Ezekiel Chase who came in 1783. When the town 
was incorporated in 1771, the settlers from this section took a leading part in the local 
government. In the following year there were nioety-six tax-payers within the limits 
of the town. The first religious meetings were held in the vicinity of Fort Western, 
and the first minister, Rev. John Allen, came in 1774. 

The growing settlement naturally took a deep interest in the symptoms of war which 
now began to manifest themselves. Being of a liberty-loving, enterprising disposi- 
tion, it immediately espoused the cause of its countrymen, regardless of evil conse- 


quences to itself; for, although the war greatly retarded its advancement, it never 
murmured or bated a jot of its strong endeavors to promote the struggle for victory. 
A committee of safety and correspondence was formed at Hallowell, among the earli- 
est of the Revolutionary committees in the District of Maine. 

In the early part of 1775, soldiers were sent to Boston and engaged with gallantry 
in the fighting around that city. Hallowell, itself, had a glimpse of the battle-field 
and of the stern-faced men who were engaged in the struggle, when Col. Benedict 
Arnold, with his heroic and unflinching band of volunteers passed through the town 
in the fall of 1775. Quite a number enlisted for the expedition from this town, and 
but few returned from the desperate, forlorn expedition. In the year of Indepen- 
dence, 1776, this little settlement subscribed the sum of £66 to advance the cause, an 
amount which at that time and place was equivalent to many thousands of dollars 
now. A company of volunteers was also raised. 

The years of the war dragged slowly on, each one increasing the burdens on the 
people, yet evidently bringing the close and reward of the struggle nearer. The year 
1779 was remarkable for the fact that an unusually large tax was raised, amounting 
to over $12,000. In that year fifty men were sent from Hallowell to engage in the 
unsuccessful expedition against the English posts at Castine and Bagaduce; the failure 
being due to the inefficiency of the leadership, and not to the gallantry of the soldiers. 

The close of the war in 1783, not only caused great rejoicings, but also more 
practical fruit in an immediate resumption of the forward movement in size and 
wealth which the war had stopped. Business now began to expand ; new settlers 
came and laid out farms, and especially around Fort Western. Every year witnessed 
marked changes, already foreshadowing a town of considerable size and importance. 
By the beginning of the next decade, both the " Fort" and "Hook" sections of old 
Hallowell were prospering and spreading widely through the surrounding country. 
A post-office had been established in each section and at the "Hook"; besides the 
mercantile stores were several flour and saw mills, a distillery and brewery. A meet- 
ing-house had already been built and opened, and in 1791 the " Hallowell Academy" 
was incorporated by the General Court of Massachusetts. At that time it was the 
highest institution in the District of Maine, and was the best in New England, north 
of Exeter, N. H. This fact well illustrates the leading position in the State, which 
Hallowell had so early taken, and also the cultivated character of its citizens. The 
population in 1790 had risen to 119-4, and was increasing rapidly. 

The year 1797 was marked by an- event, than which hardly a more important one 
has taken place in the history of the town, namely, the separation of Augusta. This 
movement had caused much discussion for several years, the settlement at the " Fort" 
claiming a distinct name and government, and after much fighting they carried their 
point, inflicting a blow not yet overcome in the growth of the old town. After the 
separation Hallowell continued to advance, but slowly, up to the present century. 

The first decade witnessed much growth in size and wealth, though the Emgargo 
had a paralyzing effect on commerce for a time. At the beginning of the war of 1812 
considerable business interest was manifested here, but the war had a deadly effects 
and it was long before it was recovered from. Although at much personal loss and 


inconvenience, the people of Hallowell entered into the war of 1812 with patriotism 
and devotion. 

"The valuation of the town in 1830 was $315,000, and among its property were 
3,916 tons of shipping, which showed that the town had already gained quite a marine 
interest. The decline of this and the cotton interest injured the growth of the town 
more than any other two agents, but other openings came to help supply their loss, 
and especially the great development of the granite business. 

The Hallowell artillery, formed in 1821, was a great institution, the first, and best 
at the time in the State. Two brass six-pounders and a tunbrill formed the battery 
of this primitive organization, but it accomplished a good work, introduced a salutary 
discipline, and was a strong and healthful influence in the social and political life of 
the time and locality. Many anecdotes and reminiscences of this " ancient and hon- 
orable" body exist to the present day. 

The history of Hallowell through the middle of this century was one of slow and 
natural development, unmarked by any striking events. A great tornado in 1846 
caused a great deal of damage, but no loss of life. From 1850 on, the slavery ques- 
tion became more and more prominent and exciting, the sentiment of the town being 
strongly in favor of the abolition of slavery. When the civil war broke out a large 
number of its citizens were ready to oflfer their lives for the maintenance of the Union 
and the freedom of the slave. Considerable detachments from this town joined the 
First, Ninth, Eleventh, Thirteenth, Twenty-fourth, Twenty-eighth and Twenty-ninth 
Maine Regiments, and some soldiers from Hallowell, were in almost every regiment 
sent out by the State. Many gallant men and talented officers went from Hallowell. 

Since the war the progress at Hallowell has not been so rapid as at an earlier 
period, yet sufficiently marked to be undeniable. Among other interests the granite 
resources of the town have been admirably developed, making the name of the town 
famous in many parts of the land, for the unusual density, durability and beauty of 
the celebrated rock found here. The name of the late lamented Governor Bodwell 
naturally suggests itself in connection with this interest, which he did so much to 
develop here. The late Governor was highly hojiored at his home in Hallowell, and 
his death, while occupying his responsible position, was a sad blow to numerous friends 
and sympathizers in this city. 

The city government of Hallowell was incorporated in 1850, and has always been 
noted for the extreme care and honor with which its business has been conducted. 
All protective measures through the employment of trained and competent fire and 
police officers are carefully provided for, and every endeavor made so that an unusual 
degree of security is obtained for property and person. The sanitary standard is 
among the highest in this unusually salubrious State, and the death rate very low, 
hardly one in one hundred. A city physician is employed to exercise careful super- 
vision over every health interest of the city. The moral standard also of the town is 
of a rare and lofty type, the slow growth of the city having prevented the introduc- 
tion of influences which tend to break down the bulwarks of society. There are 
churches of almost every important denomination, which are largely attended and 
exert a wide and efficacious influence for the highest good of the citizens of the city. 




Hallowell National Bank, Hallowell. 
The Hallowell National Bank is one of our 
city institutions, of which we may excusably 
feel a little proud, for although it may do busi- 
ness on a smaller scale than some of our other 
New England Banks, located in Boston and other 
large cities, still its record will bear compari- 
son, when the field operated is taken into consid- 
eration, with that of any enterprise in the coun- 
try of a similar nature. Business was begun 
in 1864 as the "American National Bank," and 
on the expiration of the charter in 1884, it was 
renewed, or rather re-issued, under the present 
name. Mr. John Graves, the President of the 
Bank, is a native of Kingston, N. H., while Mr. 
A. D. Knight, the Cashier, was born in Lincoln- 
ville, Me. He is judge of the municipal court, 
and is very popular with our resident business 
men, always being ready to grant any accom- 
modation permitted by his duty to the Bank. 
The^ABsistant Cashier is Mr. W. H. Perry, who 
is also widely and favorably known, and the 
Board of Directors is made up of Messrs. John 

Graves, William Wilson, B. F. Warner, and A. 
D. Knight and David Elliott. The capital stock 
amounts to $50,000, there being a surplus of 
$12,500, together with undivided profits amount- 
ing to over $5,860. No better financial condi- 
tion could be desired than this Bank exhibits. 
It pays a dividend of four per cent semi-annu- 
ally, and its deposits have largely increased, 
and it is particularly pleasant to note this fact, 
not only on account of its being a local institu- 
tion, but also because its management have al- 
ways made it a rule to assist deserving Hallo- 
well enterprises as much as possible, and the 
outcome is gratifying, insomuch as it proves 
that liberality pays, and that the confidence of 
the Bank in Hallowell's business men and busi- 
ness interests is fully justified by the facts. 
Mutual aid within reasonable limits is one of 
the essentials of success in any community, 
and it would be well if the example set by the 
Hallowell National Bank were more generally 



Northern National Bank, Water Street, 
Hallowell. Me. "Brilliant" financiering is all 
very well in its way, no doubt, and " young Na- 
poleons of Wall Street," who make something 
out of nothing by the simple process of buying 
that which they have not the means to pay for, 
may be valuable men to have in the community; 
but many people are old-fashioned enough to 
think that solid merit is more to be desired than 
mere outer show, and that a successful gambler 
may make a very poor figure as a legitimate 
banker. To conduct financial operations in 
which large amounts are involved to the best 
advantage, requires a tiiorough business train- 
ing and a judicious combination of conserva- 
tism and enterprise, and in practical life no 
" nerve " or " dash," or " inspiration," can take 
the place of such qualifications. The history of 
the origin and development of the Northern 
National Bank of this city, shows that it has, 
on the whole, been exceptionably fortunate in 
its managers, and the present condition and 
future prospects of this institution, gratifying 
as they are, have been hardly worked for and 
honestly won ; not by " brilliant " methods, but 
by intelligent, honorable and progressive finan- 
ciering. The inception of this enterprise dates 
back over half a century, for the Northern 
Bank was incorporated under State laws in 183o, 
becoming a National bank in 1864. In 1884 its 
charter was renewed for another score of years, 
and none were better pleased at this than our 
resident manufacturers and merchants, for they 
have learned to appreciate the aid which this 
bank is able to offer. The President of the in- 
stitution was Justin E. Smith up to January, 
1888, when he retired on account of old age and 
ill health, when the present President, Mr. Jas. 
H. Leigh, succeeded him. Mr. Smith died in 
April, the same year. Cashier, Mr. George R. 
Smith, and the Assistant Cashier, Mr. George A. 
Safford. These gentlemen are natives of Hal- 
lowell, and require no introduction to our read- 
ers. The Board of Directors is composed of 
Messrs. James II. Leigh, Ben. Tenney, S. Tit- 
comb, C. L. Spaulding and D. P. Livermore, 
and the present financial condition of the bank 
may be judged from its having a surplus of 
$25',000, with a capital of $100,000. 

Lowell & Simmons, Dealers in Groceries, 
Meats, Vegetables, Grain, Provisions, etc., 
Perley's Block, Water Street, Hallowell. It is 
by no means an uncommon occurence for the 
inquiry to be made, " Where can I find a per- 
fectly reliable Grocery and Provision Store?" 
and as a truthful answer to this question is 
bound to prove of interest to hundreds of our 
readers, we take pleasure in calling attention 
to the establishment conducted by Messrs. 
Lowell & Simmons, located in Perley's Block, 
Water Street, for if ever an enterprise deserved 
the name of reliable, it is certainly the one 
with which they are identified. This concern 
began operations in 1817, and hence has stead- 
ily served the public for seventy-one years, and 
the record made by it during this long period, 
is one of which its present proprietors may well 
feel proud, for it affords a guarantee not only 
of their reliability but of their enterprise, and 
will bear the severest comparison with that of 

any similar house in this city. This enterprise 
was originally established in 1817, by Mr. John 
Lowell, and conducted by him until 1867, when 
Mr. Jno. H. Lowell assumed control of the 
business and continued it alone until 1882, 
when Mr. G. F. Simmons was admitted as a 
partner, since which date the firm name has 
been as at present — Lowell «fe Simmons. The 
premises occupied comprise three floors and a 
basement, each covering an area of 65x45 feet, 
and an extensile wholesale and retail business 
is done. Three experienced and polite assist- 
ants are at hand to give prompt attention to 
every caller. The stock handled is a very large 
one, and every facility is at hand for the preser- 
vation of the same in the way of immense re- 
frigerators, etc., and comprises Groceries, 
Meats, Vegetables, Provisions, Grain, etc. A 
specialty being made of Chicago Beef. Orders 
are delivered promptly and no pains spared to 
give complete satisfaction to every customer. 
Both members of the firm are natives of Hal- 
lowell and well known and highly respected 
throughout the entire community. Mr. J. H. 
Lowell has been connected with the city gov- 
ernment as Mayor, Alderman and Councilman; 
and Mr. G. F. Simmons as Alderman and Coun- 

S. Currier, Dealer in All Kinds of Coal, 
Wood, Hay, Flour and Feed. Agent for the 
best Fertilizers. Also connected a First-Class 
Livery Stable. North End of Water Street, 
Hallowell. An establishment that is highly 
esteemed and liberally patronized by the resi- 
dents of Hallowell and vicinity, is that carried 
on by Mr. S. Currier, at the North End of Water 
Street. Mr. Currier has been in charge of the 
enterprise in question since 187o, it having been 
started in 1845 by Mr. Samuel Johnson. Coal, 
Wood, Hay, Flour and Feed, are dealt in very 
extensively, and the most approved Ferti- 
lizers are also largely handled, Mr. Currier 
acting as agent for the manufacturers and be- 
ing in a position to sell at the very lowest rates. 
He is one of the most generally known of our 
business men, and is a member of the City 
Council. The premises utilized include one 
building containing three floors, of the dimen- 
sions of 55x45 feet, and another with two floors, 
measuring 65x70 feet, together with sheds hav- 
ing a capacity 3,000 tons of coal and 300 cords of 
wood. Both a wholesale and retail bu^iness is 
done, and orders are filled without delay and 
always at tlie very lowest market price. A 
specialty is made of supplying family trade, and 
those who purchase their Fuel or (irain uf Mr. 
Currier, may depend upon getting just what 
they pay for every time. A first-class Livery 
Stable is carried on in connection with the en- 
terprise, and stylish and speedy teams may be 
hired for any desired time at fair rates. Hacks 
and Barges will be furnished for all occasions 
at short notice, and only experienced and cour- 
teous drivers are employed. The livery accom- 
modations have proved the most popular fea- 
ture of Mr. Currier's business, and he is always 
striving to make the serviee as perfect as pos- 
sible. His horses are carefully selected and 
the vehicles are easy-riding and kept as neat as 



Hallowell Iron Foundry, George Ful- 
ler's Sons, Iron Founders and Machiyists, Manu- 
facturers of Iron and Brass Castings, Shafting, 
Hangers and Pulleys and General Mill Work. 
Dealers in Iron Pipe for Steam, Gas or Water. 
Steam and Gas Fittings constantly on hand, 
South End, Water Street, Hallowell. The 
Hallowell Iron Foundry may justly be regarded 
as one of the "institutions" of the city, for 
not only has it been in operation for many 
years, but its proprietors are recognized 
throughout the State as representative citizens, 
as well as enterprising business men. The un- 
dertaking had its inception just about half a 
century ago, its founder being Mr. J. P. Flagg, 
who was succeeded by Mr. W. K. Prescott. In 
1850. the firm of Prescott & Fuller was formed, 
and ten years later, Mr. George Fuller assumed 
sole control, the existing firm, name "George 
Fuller's Sons" being adopted in 1878. The 
gentlemen associated under this (style, are all 
natives of Hallowell and are all brothers, the 
firm consisting of Messrs. Geo. S., W. H. H., J. 
W., B. F.. and C. T. Fuller. It is very rarely 
that a family becomes so prominent in public 
affairs as this one has, but each member of it is 
a firm believer in Hallowell and her future, and 
is ready to do what he can at any time to ad- 
vance or protect the city's interests. Mr. Geo. 
S. Fuller has been Alderman and Mayor. Mr. 
W. H. H. Fuller has served in both branches of 
the Council, and Mr. B. F. Fuller has been a 
Common Councilman, while Mr. J. W. Fuller 
has occupied the positions, of City Clerk and 
Assessor and is now Mayor. The firm carry on 
a general business as Machinists and Founders; 
Manufacturing Iron and Brass Castings, Shaft- 
ing, Hangers and Pulleys, and attending to Mill 
Work generally. A varied assortment of pat- 
terns for Building Fronts, Columns, etc,, can be 
found at their works. Some of the most costly 
Iron Fronts in this part of the State can here be 
found. Fence and Kailingscan be manufactured 
at short notice. Iron pipe is dealt in largely, 
and Steam and Gas Fittings are kept always in 
stock. The works are located at the South 
end. Water Street, and are extensive and most 
completely fitted up, comprising various build- 
ings which are occupied as Foundries, Machine 
shops, Pattern shops etc. Employment is af- 
forded to thirty experienced men, and a spec- 
ialty is made of the production of Print Blocks 
for Oil Cloth, Paper Hangings, etc. This concern 
has unexcelled tacilities for supplying anything 
in its line, and the magnitude of the business 
done is sufficient to test these facilities severe- 
ly. Even excellence, is striven for in every de- 
partment of the works, and the productions of 
Geo. Fuller's Sons are recognized as being of 
standard quality. They are so well known and 
highly regarded that they need no encomiums 
at this late day, and we will only remark that 
the same careful supervision is exercised in 
€very department of the business as was the 
case when this house had a reputation to make, 
and with the same result — superiority and uni- 
form excellence of product. The annual output 
of this concern is of great and increasing value. 
Orders are filled with the promptness and accu- 
racy due to perfect system, and no enteprise is 
better prepared to furnish anything in this line 
at the lowest market rates. 

Fuller & Co., Hallowell, manufacturers of 
Whiting and Putty; works on Litchfield road. 
Among those common articles of commerce, 
which are by no means imposing in appearance 
and of which but little is known by the general 
public, mention should certainly be made of 
Whiting and Putty, for these are used for a 
great variety of purposes, and it is hard to see 
how they could be dispensed with in the doing 
of certain kinds of work. The manufacture of 
Whiting is a simple operation, but like many 
other simple operations, there is a right way 
and a wrong way of doing it, and the quality of 
the product may be much impaired by im- 
proper handling. The residents of Hallowell have 
an excellent opportunity to gain a practical 
knowledge of Whiting and Putty manufactur- 
ing, for the firm of Fuller & Co. carry on a well- 
equipped factory on the Litchfield road, and 
the daily product reaches a very considerable 
amount. Some idea of the extent of the busi- 
ness done may be gained from the fact that the 
average annual manufacture of whiting is eight 
hundred tons. The chalk from which this is 
made is procured from the ohallc cliffs of Eng- 
land. This is brought to New York by steamer 
or otherwise, and from there re-shipped by 
coasters to their dock in Hallowell. These 
works are run only during the spring, sum- 
mer, and early fall — generally from the middle 
of April to ihe early part of November. This 
firm, we might state, by the way, is identical 
with that of George Fuller's Sons, the sama 
gentletnen composing it, so that the ^f?*Utiwell 
Iron Foundry and the enterprise under no! 
are under the same management. We have i 
that the manufacture of Whiting is a simple 
operation, and so it is,' consisting merely of 
crushing chalk into an impalpable powder and 
then forming the same into lumps; but those 
having occasion to use Whiting for polishing or 
other purposes, will confirm our statement that 
theie is considerable difference observable in 
that oflfeied in the market, some containing a 
much greater proportion of "grit" than others, 
and consequently much more apt to scratch and 
otherwise injure smooth surfaces. The out-put 
of Fuller & Co.'s Works is of uniformly supe- 
rior quality, for great care is exercised in the 
selection of stock, and the details of pulveriz- 
ing are given close and skillful attention. As a 
consequence the demand for the product of this 
f ictory is constantly increasing, not only so far 
as the Whiting is concerned, but also in the 
case of the Putty, which is made by the mixture 
of Whiting and Linseed Oil in proper propor- 
tions, the compound being thoroughly combined 
by agitation, and so packed as to remain moist 
for along period. The firm have excellent facil- 
ities and can furnish goods at the lowest market 
rates. Several vessels are employed in the 
transportation of the product, and there is also 
a considerable amount sent to customers by 
rail. Perfect order and system are observable 
in every department of this mammoth enter- 
prise, and no pains are spared by the firm to 
keep the goods fully up to the high standard 
their patrons have been taught to expect from 
them. They are in a position to supply the 
public, either at wholesale or I'etail, at the low- 
est rates, and fill all orders promptly and ac- 




Edwin H. Atkins, Boots and Shoes, Fine 
Custom Work and Repairing, Water Street, 
near Bank, Hallowell. It is said by those who 
have given the matter careful study, that there 
is not the slightest need of anybodys having 
corns or bunions, and that in the cases vphere 
such are present, it is only becaufie ill-fitting or 
badly-shaped shoes have been worn. Now, al- 
though many, and in fact most of the sufferers 
from corns, etc., will stoutly deny that they have 
ever worn shoes too small for them, still it 
should be remembered that although a shoe 
may be plenty large enough, taken as a whole, 
still it may press so hard upon a certain portion 
of the foot as to cause seiious inconvenience, 
and finally to bring about the formation of the 
painful excrescences we have previously alluded 
to. The remedy is simple. Purchase your 
boots and shoes from a house that carries so 
large and varied a stock as to enable all feet to 
be perfectly fitted, and that includes the pro- 
ductions of some of the best maker.s known. It 
is just such an assortment as this that is offered 
by Mr. Edwin H. Atkins, on Water Street, 
near Bank; and ajthough the enterprise con- 
ducted by Mr. Atkins was inaugurated only 
about 13 years ago, a very large and rapidly in- 
creasing patronage has already been attained. 
Mr. Atkins was born in Kennebunkport, Me., 
and is a member of the Odd Fellows, and very 
well and favorably known here. Realizing that 
there is a continuous demand in this vicinity for 
durable and thoroughly made foot-wear, at fair 
prices, he has endeavored to fully meet it, and 
his success is a matter of general comment. 
His store is 75x22 feet in size, and two efficient 
and polite assistants are in attendance, and all 
visitors are assured prompt and courteous at- 
tention. A specialty is made of Custom Work 
and Repairing of all Kinds. 

A. C. Harrinjftou, Dealer in Groceries and 
Provisions, Water Street, Hallowell. Included 
under the heads of Groceries and Provisions 
are such a variety of staple and indispensable 
articles that it is a matter of couise, that any 
house prominently engaged in handling them, 
must, of necessity, do an enormous business, 
and such is the case with the popular concern 
of A. C. Harrington, to a brief mention of which 
this article is devoted. The enterprise in ques- 
tion was inaugurated by its present proprietor, 
in 1878, and has "ifairly won the prosperous po- 
sition he now holds, for he has spared no pains 
to furnish his customers with just what was 
ordered by them, and has made it a point never 
to allow himself to be undersold, but to promptly 
meet all honorable competition. Mr. Harring- 
ton is a native of Topsham, Me., and ranks with 
the truly representative business men of this 
city. He has been connected with the city 
government of Hallowell as Councilman and is 
Past Master of the Masons. The business prem- 
ises occupied comprise two floors, each cover- 
ing an area of 55x;iU feet, and a large retail 
business is done, and two efficient assistants 
are employed. The store is located on Water 
Street, and the choice stock handled includes 
a complete and desirable assortment of Staple 
and family Groceries; also Fresh Provisions of 
all kinds, and those who place their orders with 
this house are assured of getting them promptly 
and satisfactorily filled. 

D. H. Jolinson, Dealer in Stoves, Ranges, 
and Furnaces, Japan, Tin and Sheet Iron Work 
and Plumbing. Sole agents for the celebrated 
Magee Furnace Go's, goods, Hallowell. It is 
said that the man who has traveled the most 
and seen much of the world is much more 
apt to be contented and settle down in one 
spot, than he who has not had his advan- 
tages; and it may also be said with per- 
fect truth, that the surest way of obtain- 
ing an article that will give enduring satis- 
faction is to visit an establishment where about 
all varieties are kept, and selecting it from 
amid an abundance. Take it for instance in 
the case of one wanting a Stove, Range or Fur- 
nace, if a call is made at the establishment of 
Mr. D. H. Johnson, and his mamouth assort- 
ment inspected, it will be strange indeed, if 
nothing can be found which will prove satisfac- 
tory, both as regards capacity and price. The 
business now conducted, by the gentleman 
above named, was inaugurated many years ago 
by Mr. James Atkins, but since 1884 Mr. Johnson 
has had sole control. He is a native of Hallo- 
well and a member of the Masons, and ranks 
with the most enterprising and highly esteemed 
of our men of business. The premises utilized 
comprise one floor of the dimensions of 50x25 
feet, and a stock is carried consisting of Stoves, 
Furnaces and Ranges. Mr. Johnson is sole 
agent for the celebrated Magee Furnace Go's., 
goods. Particular attention is paid to Japan, 
Tin and Sheet Iron work. Also Jobbing and 
Plumbing Work. All orders will be filled in the 
best manner at short notice and reasonable rates. 
Employment is given constantly to two efficient 
workmen, and anything offered for sale or 
manufactured at the establishment is guaran- 
teed to give perfect satisfaction. i 



J. Q. A. Hawes, M. D., Druggist & 
Apothecary, Hallowell. The carrving on of 
such an establishment as that conducted by J. 
Q. A. Hawes, m.p., is not a task to be assumed 
lightly by any means, for it involves great re- 
sponsibility, and the person wlio essays to fill 
the position satisfactorily, must have the assis- 
tance of a liberal education and a careful prac- 
tical training. Very few men could be found 
who are better fitted to conduct such an enter- 
prise than Dr. Hawes, for he is not only an ed- 
ucated physician and a thoroughly competent 
Druggist, but also has had abundant opportun- 
ity to put his knowledge to practical use, not 
only in civil life, but as Surgeon in the 19th 
Maine Volunteers during the Great Rebellion. 
He is a member of the Grand Army, and no 
man in this city is more generally known and 
esteemed. He has served as City Clerk and 
also as Alderman of Hallowell, and is a member 
of the School Board and also of the Grand 
Commandery of Maine, Free Masons, besides 
being a Commissioner of Pharmacy in the 
State of Maine. The enterprise with which 
Dr. Hawes is now identified was inaugurated 
in 1820 by a gentlemen named Fales who was 
succeeded in 1867 by Messrs. Warren & Hawes, 
Dr. Hawes becoming sole proprietor ten years 
later. He is a native of JiOvell, Maine, and 
handles Drugs, Medicines, Chemicals, Druggists' 
Sundries etc., very extensively, employing com- 
petent and careful assistants. Dr. Hawes is 
very reasonable in his prices, particularly in 
his Prescription Department, to which especial 
attention is given. No trouble is spared in the 
compounding of such orders, and the implicit 
confidence shown by the public in Dr. Hawes 
facilities and skill, is amply justified by the 

Day & Co., Corn, Flour, Plain and Fancy 
Groceries, Crockery, Lamp Ware, Cutlery, 
Plated Ware, &c., Water Street, Hallowell. Of 
course it would never do to pass over such an 
establishment as that carried on by Messrs. 
Day & Co., on Water Street, without mention, 
for this undertaking is in many respects a rep- 
resentative one, being of very long standing 
and being controlled by representative men. 
It was inaugurated in 1841, under the firm name 
of Day & Co., and in 184.5 the style was changed 
to F. J. Day. Ten years later, the original and 
present firm name was re-adopted, the proprie- 
tor now being Mr. C. A. Cole. This gentleman 
was born in this city and is too well-known to 
require personal comment. Mr. Cole is con- 
nected with the Masonic Order. The firm oc- 
cupy three floors of the dimensions of 32x50 
feet, and carry an immense stock of Corn, 
Flour, Staple and Fancy Groceries etc., together 
with complete assortments of Crockery, Lamp 
Ware, Cutlery, Plated- Ware etc. Employment 
is given to several efficient and courteous assis- 
tants, and customers are served with a prompt- 
ness and politeness that are as gratifying as 
they are unusual. Mr. Cole handles only relia- 
ble goods, but for all that, the prices are as low 
as the lowest and no greater bargains are ob- 
tainable anywhere. Doing a large business and 
being well-known to producers, wholesalers etc., 
the firm is enabled to purchase on the most ad- 
vantageous terms, and it is the policy of Mr. 


i Cole to share these benefits directly with cus- 
tomers. As a consequence, the public have 
long since decided that this is a good store to 
patronize, and tliis decision is confirmed by the 
every-day experience of each customer. 

Sidney T. Preble, dealer in Fancy Goods, 
Hosiery, Corsets, Gloves, Ribbons, Ladies' Mer- 
ino and Cotton Underwear. Neck Wear and 
Laces a Specialty, Hallowell. One of tli*' most 
varied, and at the same time one of the cleanest 
stocks with which we ;ire acquainted, is that 
carried by Mr. Sidney T. Preble, of Hallowell. 
As some of our readers may not know just 
what is meant by a "clean" stock, we will ex- 
plain that when an assortment of goods is com- 
posed entirely of fresh and desirable articles 
that are reasonably sure to be in active demand, 
and contains no old-fashioned or unseasonable 
goods to amount to anything, it is technically 
called "clean." Such is the stock we have re- 
ferred to, and therefore it is but natural that it 
should meet with a ready sale, and that the es- 
tablishment in which it is found is very popu- 
lar. Mr. Preble began operations in 18S7, and 
occupies a fine store 20x8.5 feet in dimensions. 
Among the articles handled may be mentioned 
Fancy Goods, Hosiery, Corsets, Gloves, Rib- 
bons, Ladies' Merino and Cotton Underwear, 
Small Jewelry and Cutlery, a specialty being 
made of Neck Wear, and Lace, which are han- 
dled in great variety, and offered at prices much 
below those quoted at many establishments sup- 
plying no better or more fashionable goods. 
Employment is given to a sufficient force of as- 
sistants, and courteous attention is assured 
every caller. Mr. Preble is a native of Sullivan, 
Me., and highly respected in the social and bus- 
iness circles of this community, and is a mem- 
ber of Ancient Order United Workmen. 

Eagle Iron Works, McClench & Co., Pro- 
prietors, Hallowell. The ''Eagle Iron Works" 
are very extensively known throughout this 
State, and indeed it would be surprising if such 
were not the case, for they have been carried on 
for nearly half a century, having been founded 
by Mr. McClench in 1886. The present pro- 
prietors are McClench & Co., the firm being 
made up of Messrs. Geo. B. McClench and W. 
A. Winter. Mr. McClench being born in Mt. 
Vernon, Me., and Mr. Winter in Hallowell. 
Mr. McClench was alderman for two years and 
councilman for five years. Mr. Winter was 
formerly a member of the Board of Aldermen 
and Assessor, and both he and Mr. McClench 
are very generally known. The premises util- 
ized comprise a foundry, of the dimensions of 
30x80 feet, and a blacksmith shop, measuring 
25x30 feet, employment being given to ten com- 
petent assistants. Both steam and water 
power is made use of, and General Foundry 
work is done, orders being promptly filled in a 
manner only possible where ample facilities are 
combined with skill and experience. A spec- 
ialty is made of the manufacture of Oil-cloth 
Machines, and the many commissions executed 
in this line show the esteem in which the work 
done at the Eagle Iron Works is held by those 
in a position to judge intelligently. The prices 
quoted by Messrs. McClench & Co. are as low 



as could be wished, for although the employ- 
ment of inferior material or of incompetent 
workmen is carefully avoided, the experience 
of years and the possession of a complete and 
effective plant put the firm iu a position to 
meet all competition and guarantee complete 

H. D. Pinkharn, dealer in Beef, Pork, 
Lamb, Mutton, Poultry, Veal, Tripe, Salt Pro- 
visions, Sausages, Country Produce, &c. ; also, 
Pruit and Vegetables in their season, No. 1 Per- 
ley Block, Water Street, Hallowell. The gen- 
tleman whose card we print above, has been 
identified with his present enterprise for very 
nearly a score of years, it having been founded 
by him in 1869. In 1S70 the firm name became 
Pinkham & Small, but in 1871 the original style 
was resumed, and Mr. Pinkham has since car- 
ried on operations alone. He is a native of 
Hallowell and was formerly a member of the 
city government, being connected with the 
Common Council. The premises occupied com- 
prise two floors and a basement, measui ing 55x 
35 feet, and being located at No. I Perley Block, 
Water Street. Beef , Pork, Lamb, Mutton, Poul- 
try, Veal, Tripe, Salt Provisions, Sausages, &c., 
are kept in stock at all times and very exten- 
sively handled; while Country Produce, Fruits 
and Vegetables are also largely dealt in. Mr. 
Pinkham employs two capable assistants, and 
makes it a point to see that his customers get 
prompt and polite attention. As for the quality 
of the goods handled, that is best attested by 
the character of the patronage, it being conced- 
ed that no similar establishment in the city 
caters to a higher class of trade. Low prices 
are quoted on everything in stock, and some of 
the choicest cuts of beef, etc.. to he found any- 
where, may be obtained at this highly popular 
store. Special pains are taken to insure accu- 
racy in the delivery of goods, and one of the 
most gratifying characteristics of the manage- 
ment is the faithfulness with which all promises 
made are lived up to. 

Alden A. Heatli, Apothecary, Water 
Street, Hallowell. As useful, and in fact indis- 
pensable, as physicians are to a community, 
they are hardly more so than are well-managed 
drug stores, for it is on them that physicians 
must depend for much of their success. Of 
course it is possible, and was once the univer- 
sal practice for the village " doctor" to supply 
his own drugs, etc., buying them at wholesale, 
and compounding the medicines himself, but 
this style of doing things had many serious 
disadvantages, not the least of which was, that 
by the time the stock on hand was exhausted, 
of any particular drug, its virtues were apt to 
be greatly impaired by age and other causes. 
But all this has j^one by in localities of any im- 
portance, and in fact it has been about fifty 
years since Hallowell was without a first-class 
Apothecary Store, as that of which Mr. Alden 
A. Heath is now the proprietor was founded as 
many years ago by Mr. Samuel Page, Mr. Heath 
having assumed full control of the business in 
1877, and has since conducted it with ever-in- 
creasing success. Tbis gentleman was born in 
Whitefleld, Me., and has been a resident and 
prominent business man of this town so long a 
time that he has become a Hallo.well man by 
adoption, at least. He is a member of the Ma- 
sons and Odd Fellows, and of course is very 
widely known, and is as highly esteemed as he 
is well known, for he has given abundant evi- 
dence in the fact that his chief aim is to serve 
the public in the best manner possible, and al- 
though his trade has long been a large one, he 
has steadily continued his efforts to please. 
The premises occupied are located on Water 
Street, covering an area of 60x30 feet, compris- 
ing a fine Drug Store, well stocked with a fresh 
and reliable assortment of Drugs, Chemicals 
and Medicines of all kinds. Also a fine assort- 
ment of everything included under the head of 
Druggists' Sundries. The public are assured 
the most reliable goods, and skilled and efficient 
service when patronizing this house. 




^HE oddity of its old Indiiin name has secured to Skowbegan a wider celebrity 
beyond the borders of the State than most towns of its size enjoy, but in the 
beauty of its situation, the character and refinement of its people and the solidity of 
its interests, this enterprising town is worthy of all and even more fame than it has 
received. It is situated thirty-three miles from Augusta, and can be reached directly 
by a branch of the Maine Central Railroad, of wliich it is the terminus. Sheltered 
by lovely hills, with fine water privileges, a fertile soil and salubrious climate, this 
beautiful town near tlie center of Maine is one of those delightful spots which some- 
times surprise an experienced traveler with glimpses of charms he has never seen 
before, and remain one of the most treasured of memory's bright pictures. The name 
of the toAvn was about the only thing bequeathed to it by its earliest inhabitants, 
who were quite famous for inventing odd cognomens of this character, and who seem 
to have exhausted most of their inventive talent in this way. It does not seem to 
have had the distinction, shared by most of the towns on the Kennebec River, of 
having been a national burying-ground for the untold number of ancestors of that 
powerful tribe, but rather to have been one of the earliest summer resorts of this 
Garden State. The Kennebec pronunciation of the same was "Skoohegan," and 
meant "the place to water." Hither the worthy warriors of the Kennebec tribe, with 
their families, used to come in the spring and stay till autumn, the great attraction 
being the salmon fishing which was largely indulged in. The king of fish was very 
numerous here at that time, and could be caught, by wading into the stream, in great 
numbers. This favored spot seems to have been the chief fishing resort of the Ken- 
nebec tribe, other varieties beside the salmon being very plenty. When this region 
of Maine was first settled in the latter part of the last century, the present town of 



Skowhegan was then a part of Canaan ; the beauty of the place suggesting to the 
original Puritan settlers the thought that it was not unworthy of being associated, at 
least by name, with the promised land. Its individual history began with its separa- 
tion from Canaan and incorporation in 1823, but the first settler of Canaan, named 
Peter Hayward, had planted the little log cabin that grew into a prosperous town 

near Skowhegan Falls as early as 1771. For a number of years growth wns unusu- 
ally rapid, and sufficient to allow this region to furnish about one hundred men to the 
advancing of the cause of independence during the Revolutionary War. Despite the 
set-back given by the embargo and war of 1812, the growth of the town went on 
steadily up to the time of its incorporation in 1828. The first officials of the town 
were as follows: Moderator, Joseph Patten ; Town Clerk, Samuel Weston ; Select- 
men, Benjamin Eaton, .Joseph Merrill, Samuel Weston, Josiah Parlin. When the 
town was incorpoi-ated it went by the name of Milburn, but the majority of the peo- 
ple preferred to keep the ancient name of the place, and, as is generally the case, they 
had their way, and the name was changed back again to Skowhegan. The town con- 
tains 19,071 acres of valuable territory, forming the best part of the old town of 
Canaan. Though the town pursued its unbroken path of progress quietly and stead- 
ily, it yet took a deep and hearty interest in the great questions which agitated the 
whole country from 1850 to 1860, and when the war broke out in 1861, it had many 
loyal sons ready at once to offer their lives and their fortunes for the sake of the 
country. Enlistments were made in one of the first regiments to leave the State, the 


Second Maine Volunteers, Col. Jameson, from Bangor. Other Skowhegan men went 
out and performed gallant service, chiefly in the ranks of the Sixth, Ninth, Four- 
teenth, Eighteenth, Twenty-eighth and Thirty-first Regiments. Of over a hundred 
who enlisted, at least a third were tenderly and deeply mourned by those who could 
ill spare their generous, noble lives, and no fitting commemoration of their memory 
has been spared. The quarter of a century which has elapsed since the war, while 
witnessing no remarkable changes, has seen steady progress and evolution in every 
department of town life. The germs of prosperity have been carefully nurtured, and 
are springing up with promise of large harvests. The sanitary, educational, and 
religious interests have received general and careful attention. In two lines, espec- 
ially during tlie present decade, when the greatest progress has been seen, namely, 
the commercial and summer tourist interests have marked advances been made. 

Situated on an advantageous portion of the great Kennebec, the possibilities of 
develojjment of watei--|)ower at Skowhegan have long attracted the attention of care- 
ful observers, but only in recent years have they received a tithe of the improvement 
wliich they deserve. The most noted of these powers is situated at Skowhegan 
Falls. At this point there is a natural fall of twenty-eight feet in half a mile, almost 
all in perpendicular sections, and the power obtainable can be further increased by 
dams so as to be practicably unlimited. The bed and banks of the river, as well as 
an island in the center of the channel, are all of solid rock, so that admirable sites 
can be obtained, and the present " North " and " South Channel " dams are rendered 
of impregnable strength. The bulk of the manufacturing interest is situated here at 
the " Falls," and largely on the channel island, where the opportunities for an advan- 
tageous site are unsurpassed. There is another immense power lower down the 
stream, at what is known as the " Basin," and a great fortune here awaits the skilled 
eye and experienced management of some enterprising merchant who may develop 
it. There are also two other good privileges on the Wesserunsett Stream, which 
empties into the Kennebec at Skowhegan. Not only the fact that there is such a 
vast water-power here, but its situation as the natural and controling center of trade 
for all upper Somerset, and parts of Franklin and Piscataquis Counties, the great 
quantities of lumber available here, and the advantageous privileges of site and 
exemption from taxes given to manufacturers, render this a peculiarly favorable loca- 
tion for commercial enterprises. The business of Skowhegan has considerably 
increased during the present decade, and is undoubtedly destined to undergo great 
development in the not far distant future. 

Skowhegan has also enjoyed no small share of the swelling tide of summer visitors 
every year. The drives and walks through the surrounding country are unsur- 
passed, the hunting in the forests and fishing in river and lake are excellent, and the 
facilities for quiet, homelike board render the pleasant old town of Skowhegan one of 
the most satisfactory places to spend a summer vacation in the State. 




Dr. S. F. Conant, Inventor and Proprie- 
tor of the Health Restorer and Life Preserver, 
Compound Vapor Bath, Elm Street, Skowhe- 
gan. Truly " the vporld 
moves," and the methods 
and practices of one age 
are superseded by the 
more intelligent opera- 
tions of a succeeding one. 
This is not the place (even 
if we had the requisite 
space) to enter into a dis- 
cussion of the old meth- 
ods of healing disease. 
Everybody is more or less 
familiar with their gen- 
eral principles, and everybody is aware that 
they often fail to have the desired effect. The 
propriety of filling an already weakened stom- 
ach with nauseous and sometimes poisonous 
drugs, is questioned by some of the foremost 
thinkers of the day, and the "regular" physi- 
cian who confessed that every dose of medicine 
was "a blind experiment," only voiced the 
inward conviction of many of his brother prac- 
titioners. It is generally conceded now that 
nature really effects the cure, when one is 
wrought, and that the true province of the 
physician is to use his skill to assist natui-e as 
much as possible. It is on this great princi- 
ple that the highly-valuable invention of Dr. S. 
F. Conant acts, and it was only after a most 
thorough and exhaustive study of the subject 
that the doctor brought his invention to its 
present perfection. Briefly speaking, it is an 
air-tight receptacle in which the patient is 
placed, the head alone remaining outside. 
When in this position the patient is given what 
is known as the "Compound Vapor Bath," the 
result of which is to disinfect poison and expel 
disease. In the first place let us remember that 
if our body secretes its own wastes faster than 
it excretes, it must necessarily become diseased. 
Now, then, what is to become of the body when 
thus charged, if these wastes are retained until 
they become tainted or decomposed? Disease 
in some of its forms is inevitable; and show me 
the person so scientific as to be able to inform 
us where it will manifest itself or what form it 
will take. Now Dr. Conant declares that a pure 
blooded body cannot become diseased while 
pure, or free from poisonous deposits. And 
furthermore, that upon these elements depos- 
ited, all disease, regardless of the names in- 

vented for the various symptoms, finds a basis. 
Consequently, if we would respect the demands 
of mother nature, we must take measures to 
unload the blood and tissues of these deposits, 
instead of undertaking to coerce by drugging 
the dyspeptic stomach. He is often accused of 
promising to cure everybody by the C. V. Baths; 
while the truth is he claims to cure no one. 
But whatever name is given to the disease, if 
the vital organs are not already fatally destroyed 
he declares his ability to extract all movable 
deposits, and by permeating the veinous or 
capillary system by these purifying fumes, the 
entire system is disinfected in a prompt and 
effective manner, thus inviting nature to the 
restoration of physical power. Such a thing as 
a healing remedy has not, as yet, been invented 
outside of nature; and all that any reasonable 
man can claim is to aid nature by removing the 
embargo that her work may go on unobstructed. 
No one will dispute the person who declares his 
ability to smoke a ham to the marrow in a fev^ 
hours. Then why dispute his ability to smoke 
the entire body through much quicker while he 
has the absorbents actually at work, by the 
increased circulation of the veinous blood as a 
vehicle of transportation? Were it not for this 
veinous distributor does anyone suppose that 
morphine would ever be injected through the 
skin for the purpose of bringing the system 
under its paralyzing influence? It is too def- 
initely established now for anyone to dispute 
his ability to feed the blood by this method, as 
he is armed to-day with thousands of positive 
witnesses who have dared to take his advice 
with the treatment and adhered to the work 
until the body has been unloaded of these ele- 
ments of disease. His failures have been almost 
universally from those chronic invalids who 
have been led to believe that there was no rea- 
son why they should not be cured by as few 
Baths as their neighbor had been. No one can 
tell how many loads there are to be hauled 
away, but patiently back up the little cart so 
long as there is any poisonous rubbish to load 
on, is his advice. As a matter of course there 
are cases so fatally advanced as to render it 
impossible for nature to get in her work after 
renovation. And there are other conditions 
where the patient has not vitality enough left 
to go on with the work; but in each and every 
case injury is out of the question, and he hereby 
challenges any practitioner, by any method, to 
compare with his average, even with the most 



chronic invalids who are entire strangers to 
him, but have followed bis advice with his 
method in their homes. He cordially invites 
all who are suffering from disease in any of its 
forms, to investigate the results of this principle 
in their own behalf. We might enter into elab- 
orate explanations, showing that the thing is 
possible; that through the numberless pores of 
the skin, action and re-action can take place, — 
disease going out and health and life coming in, 
— but for what purpose? No more convincing 
proof can be asked by the most skeptical than 
that many serious symptoms of disease have 
been cured in this way, and this fact can be 
easily verified by proper inquiries. Dr. Conant 
calls the Compound Vapor Bath a " Health Re- 
storer and Life Preserver," and it certainly de- 
serves its name. He is a native of Topsham, 
Maine, and a member of the Odd Fellows, be- 
ing one of the best-known residents of Skow- 
began. His rooms are located on Elm Street, 
four apartments being utilized and every neces- 
sary facility provided. Callers will receive 
polite and considerate treatment, and all de- 
sired information will be cheerfully given. 

E. F. Fairbrotber & Co., Wholesale 
and Retail Dealers in Furniture, Carpets, Bed- 
ding, etc., Nos. 05 and (57 Water Street, Skow 
began. There is many a home in Skowhegan 
and vicinity that is wholly or partially furnished 
from the establishment of E. F. Fairbrotber & 
Co., and the fact that this is the case, and that 
those who have patronized this concern in the 
past are most enthusiastic in its praise at the 
present, speaks louder and more eloquently 
than words can, regarding the resources of the 
house and the treatment accorded cu.stomers. 
Business was begun in 1877 by Mr. E. F. Fair- 
brother, who afterward took Mr. Geo. C. Fair- 
brother into partnership, under the firm-name 
of E. F. Fairbrotber & Co. This association 
continued until terminated by the death of the 
junior partner in July, 1887, and Mr. E. F. Fair- 
brother has since retained sole control. He is 
a native of Skowhegan, and few of our busi- 
ness men are better known, none being more 
thoroughly respected. Mr. Fairbrotber is very 
upright in his dealings, rejecting even the ap- 
pearance of anything wrong, and the public 
have long since learned that all goods coming 
from his store are sure to prove as represented 
every time. His experience of ten years, from 
1867 to 1877, in the Wholesale Furniture busi- 
ness in Boston, has been of great advantage to 
him in buying goods, and in many other ways. 
The premises occupied comprise four floors, 
measuring 30x122 feet, and contain a very heavy 
and valuable stock of Furniture, Carpets, Bed- 
ding, etc. They are located at Nos, 65 and 67 
Water Street, and are well worthy of a visit 
from any one who contemplates buying any- 
thing in the House-furnisbing line. The as- 
sortment contains the most fashionable novel- 
ties as well as staple goods, and is fresh and de- 
sirable in quality, as Mr. Fairbrotber does not 
believe in letting his stock mold on his hands, 
and puts his prices at such figures that a brisk 
business is always carried on. Both a whole- 
sale and retail trade is transacted, and employ- 
ment is given to four competent and polite as- 
sistants. Orders will be promptly delivered, and 
the goods are sure to suit the most fastidious. 

Weston & Brainard, Manufacturers of 
Hard and Soft Wood Lumber, Island Avenue, 
Skowhegan. There are few houses engaged in 
a similar line of business, and located in this 
State, that are in a position to fill orders more 
promptly and satisfactorily than that carried 
on by Messrs. Weston & Brainard, on Island 
Avenue. Lumber has been manufactured on 
this water power for nearly one hundred years, 
but not till 1880, when the present firm was 
formed, had it been attempted on a large scale. 
Mr. Weston is a native of Skowhegan, while 
Mr. Brainard was born in Columbia, Cal., this 
latter gentleman being connected with the Odd 
! Fellows. Both members of the firm are thor- 
oughly acquainted with the Lumber business, 
and not a small part of the efficiency of their 
mills is due to the close personal supervision 
constantly exercised. The manufacture of 
Hard and Soft Wood Lumber is carried on very 
extensively, the plant covering an area of three 
acres of ground, and comprising three build- 
ings beside numerous storage-sheds, etc. Both 
a wholesale and retail business is done, em- 
ployment being afforded to fifty men or more, 
and the most improved labor-saving machinery 
utilized. The past year machinery for baling 
sawdust and other waste material has been put 
in. This, while quite a departure from ordi- 
nary saw mill methods, promises to prove a 
successful venture. All orders are filled at the 
lowest market rates, and large or small commis- 
sions are executed with equal promptness and 

Dr. H. Leavitt & Son. Dentists, Water 
Street, Skowhegan. Undoubtedly the best way 
to preserve the teeth is to take proper care of 
them in the first place, but as unfortunately 
most of us have so abused our teeth when 
young as to cause them to show unmistakable 
symptoms of decay by the time that we have 
arrived at years of discretion, it becomes neces- 
sary to call in skillful professional aid, in order 
to prevent matters becoming any worse. It is 
well for the community that there are many 
competent Dentists ready to undertake the care 
of the teeth at moderate charges, but it is very 
bad for the commnnity that there are a few 
ignorant and dishunrst practitioners, who pro- 
fess to be masters ol the science of Dentistry, 
but who are unfit to treat anything more deli- 
cate than the teeth of a saw. Be sure therefore 
that you visit a competent operator, and if you 
decide to avail yourself of the accommodations 
offered by Dr. H. Leavitt & Son, doing business 
on Water Street, you may congratulate yourself 
on having escaped all danger of receiving any 
but the most skillful and honorable treatment. 
The senior member, Dr. H. Leavitt, is a native 
of Athens, Me., and is a member of the Free 
Masons, and Frank A. Is a native of Dover, 
Me. Dr. H. Leavitt opened his present ofiice 
here in 1867. The premises occupied are con- 
veniently situated and appropriately fitted up, 
comprising two rooms, of the dimensions of 
20x30 feet. Drs. Leavitt are prepared to fill all 
orders in the line ot operative dentistry, and 
the work they have done in the past speaks 
better than words could, concerning what may 
be expected in the future. Their charges are 
fair and moderate, and callers mil receive 
prompt attention. 



Estes & Ward, Clothing, Hats and Caps, 
Water Street, Skowhegan. There are two ways 
of finding out anything. One is by persistent 
inquiry, and the other by carefnl observation. 
For example, suppose a stranger in Skowhegan 
should want to know where he could buy a suit 
of Clothes, a Hat, Underwear — in short, a whole 
outfit — to the best advantage. Well, he might 
go about asking those whom he thought would 
be able to tell him, or he might observe what 
establishments offered the most attractions and 
seemed to be doing the largest business, but in 
either case he would probably find himself at 
the end of his investigations in the store carried 
on by Messrs. Estes and Ward, on Water Street. 
The senior member started in 1861 ; this firm has 
been in operation since 1888, but they have the 
facility of "getting there" very strongly devel- 
oped, and offer advantages that many a much 
older house cannot equal. Mr. Estes is a native 
of Durham, Me., and Mr. Ward of Skowhegan. 
Both partners are personally well known here, 
both in a business way and socially. The prem- 
ises utilized, comprise one floor and a basement' 
of the dimensions of 20x100 feet, and as fine a 
stock of Ready-Made Clothing, Hats and Caps, 
Men's P'urnishings, etc., is carried as can be 
found in this section of the State. Three effi- 
cient and courteous assistants are employed and 
customers are waited upon with celerity and 
politeness. "Call once and you'll call again," 
is a safe thing to say when talking about this 
establishment, for it is the almost invariable 
rule with those who give Messrs. Estes & VVard 
a trial order. Prices are very low and only reli- 
able goods are handled. 

White & Wildes, Dealers in Dry Goods, 
Water Street, Skowhegan. The feminine pas- 
sion for shopping is often made sport of by the 
lords of creation ; but if every store were con- 
ducted on the same principles that are notice- 
able in that carried on by Messrs. White & 
Wildes on Water Street, there would certainly 
be no need of offering any explanation of a 
fondness to visit them. The establishment to 
which we refer was opened in 1879, and few, if 
any, of our local business enterprises, have 
become so firmly implanted in the favor of the 
public, during the past ten years. Both mem- 
bers of the firm were born here, and both are 
thoroughly familiar with the details of their 
business, and are determined to carry their 
store as near to perfection as circumstances 
will allow. The premises in use comprise one 
floor and a basement, and are of the dimen- 
sions of 22x125 feet. Both a wholesale and 
retail business is done, and employment is 
given to twenty assistants, orders being filled 
without delay and with the most gratifying 
care. Tiie assortment of Foreign and Domestic 
Dry Goods carried is very complete, for it in- 
cludes all the latest and most popular novelties 
as well as full lines of those standard goods 
that are always in request. Trimmings, Laces, 
Embroiderie.s and Notions, are also largely 
handled, and the prices quoted in every de- 
partment are such as to make it well worth 
one's wliile t > pay this store a visit. Dress- 
making is extensively carried on, and no better 
work is dcme in this section of the State. The 
facilities at hand are excellent, and complete 
satisfaction is assured. 

Bixby & Buck, Wholesale and Retail 
Dealers in Books, Stationery, Wall Papers and 
Fancy Goods, 78 Water and 30 Russell Streets, 
Skowhegan. It would certainly be an unpar- 
donable omission did we fail to make mention 
of the enterprise carried on by Messrs. Bixby 
& Buck, at 78 Water and 30 Russell Streets, for 
this is a representative house of its kind, and 
ranks with the most prominent in this section 
of the State. Operations were begun in 1865, 
under the existing firm name, the partners 
being Mr. A. R. Bixby, a native of Norridge- 
wock, and Mr. F. R. Buck, who was born in 
Bucksport. This latter gentleman is connected 
with the Odd Fellows and both are members of 
the Free Masons. A large wholesale and retail 
business is done, and Drugs, Books, Stationery, 
Paper Hangings, Picture Frames and Fancy 
Goods are extensively handled. The premises 
utilized comprise two floors and a basement, 
measuring 20x100 feet, together with a store- 
house of ample proportions. Where so varied 
a supply of articles is carried, it is impossible 
in a notice so brief as the exigencies of space re- 
quire this to be, to make proper detailed men- 
tion of the many commodities contained within 
it; but it may be broadly stated, that whatever 
the firm of Bixby & Buck offer to their custom- 
ers, is sure to be reliable, and fully worth the 
price set upon it. Their stock of Drugs is 
noted for its freshness and purity, and not a 
few people make it a rule'to have all their pre- 
scriptions prepared at this establishment. The 
Books handled are varied in binding as well as 
in subject, and not only is a fine assortment of 
the most popular works carried, but orders will 
be taken for any desired book, the volume be- 
ing supplied at the regular market price. Some 
beautiful patterns are shown in Wall Papers 
and Picture Frames, and choice designs are also 
offered at low rates. 

A. A. Pierce, Dealer in Meat. Fish and 
Vegetables, Skowhegan. Many a housekeeper 
is looking for just such an establishment as 
that carried on by Mr. A. A. Pierce, on Water 
Street, and we take pleasure in commending 
this enterprise to such inquirers, for we know 
that Mr. Pierce's methods are bound to please, 
and we know that those who have business 
dealings with him are outspoken in their ap- 
proval of the accommodations he offers. Oper- 
ations were begun in 1886, and the trade has 
since been steadily increasing. Mr. Pierce is a 
native of Portland, and a member of the 
Knights of Pythias, and has a large circle of 
friends in this vicinity. The premises utilized 
are of the dimensions of 20x40 feet, and the 
stock on hand is not only large but unusually 
varied as well, as it includes Meats. Fish and 
Vegetables. It will be seen that the greater 
part of the household food supply may be ob- 
tained of Mr. Pierce, and as his prices are all 
that could be reasonably desired as regards 
fairness, etc., it is well worth while giving him 
a call. The Meats on hand comprise Beef, 
Mutton, Veal, Lamb, Pork, etc., and either 
Choice Cuts or Soup Stock are to be had at all 
times. The Fish handled are various in kind 
and fresh in quality, while the Vegetables, 
received direct from the producers, are quoted 
at prices as low as the lowest. 



E. E. Sturtevant, Portrait and Crayon 
Artist. Life-size prayon Purimiis a, specialty. 
Studio, Madison Street, Skowhen^an. We take 
great pleasure in callinfj attention to tlie facili- 
ties provided by Mr. E. E. Sturtevant for those 
who wish to obtain accurate and artistic por- 
traits, for a really first-class portrait is a treas- 
ure that improves with age, and will be cher- 
ished long after other things would be cast aside 
and forgotten. The ordinary piiotograph is 
very unsatisfactory to those who are acquainted 
with what has been accomplished in the pho- 
tographic line, for the common photograph does 
not give one the real expression of the face it 
purports to represent, although it may be a 
"striking" likeness for all that. Mr. Sturte- 
vant is wonderfully successful in the posing of 
his sitters, and as all his work is very carefully 
finished, one may visit more than one of the 
celebrated Boston and Vew York studios before 
obtaining equally gratifying results. This we 
know from personal experience, and to all who 
wish to get portraits ol real interest and value, 
we would say, ''Go to Sturtevant's." Mr. 
Sturtevant is a native of Milo, Me., and is con- 
nected with both the Free Masons and the Odd 
Fellows. He began operations here in 1882, and 
has built up a large and increasing patronage 
by strictly legitimate methods. The premises 
occupied comprise three apartments of the 
dimensions of ;;0x40 feet. A specialty is made 
of Life-size Crayon Portraits, and those who 
know what wonderfully life-like results have 
been attained by Mr. Sturtevant, will not be 
surprised to learn that this is one of the most 
popular branches of his profession. His prices 
are moderate, and all should visit his studio. 

Mrs. B. K. Flag-ff, Millinery and Fancy 
Goods, Madison Street, Skowhegan. An es- 
tablishment which deserves special and flatter- 
ing mention, is that carried on by Mrs. B. R. 
Flagg, on Madison Street. It is deserving of 
this treatment on many accounts, among which 
may be noted the fact of its long-standing, for 
it was founded over a quarter of a century ago, 
operations having been begun in 186't. " Mrs. 
Flagg is a native of Newcastle, Me., and few 
ladies of this place are better-known or more 
generally esteemed. Her store has long been 
a favorite resort with those seeking Millinery 
and .Fancy Goods that could be depended 
upon, and the enterprise shown in obtaining 
the latest novelties in these lines, is fully noted 
and cordially appreciated by the public. The 
store is 20x3U feet in size, and the stock on hand 
is worthy of much more than a passing glance. 
Mrs. Flagg's exceptional experience, combined 
with natural good taste, enable her to offer 
valuable advice in regard to the selection of 
Millinery Goods, etc., and she is ever ready to 
offer suggestions lo such as may d&sire a little 
help in determining what is best suited to them. 
Custom Work is attended to at short notice 
and low rates, and Millinery Goods of all kinds 
are at hand for customers to choose from. 

W. H. Fuller, Druggist and Apothecary, 
23 Madison Street, Skowhegan. We doubt if 
we could name a single enterprise in Skowhe- 
gan that is more generally or favorably known, 
than that conducted by Mr. W. H. Fuller, at 
No. 23 Madison Street, nor is there any reason 
for surprise that this should be so. The enter- 
prise in question was inaugurated very nearly 
thirty years ago, having had its inception in 
18.59, and during all this time has been a great 
public accommodation, so that its popularity is 
perfectly natural. Mr. Fuller is a native of 
Keadfield, and is personally very extensively 
known throughout Somerset Co. The premises 
utilized by him measure 20x50 feet, and the 
stock on hand comprises Drugs, Medicines, 
Chemicals, etc., in great variety, a full assort- 
ment of fine Toilet Goods, etc., being also at 
hand, and the fitting of Trusses a specialty. 
Employment is given to two assistants, who 
w'ill be found courteous and careful in their 
filling of orders, and the means at hand for the 
quick and accurate preparation of physicians' 
prescriptions are believed to be as complete 
and as well advised as any to be found in this 
section. A specialty is made of this branch of 
the business, and no pains are spared to insure 
satisfaction to every customer. The charges 
are reasonable and right, and so numerous and 
well considered are the precautions taken 
against error, that it is apparently impossible 
for any serious mistake to go undetected. 

Thompson & Howes, Dealers in Fresh 
Meats, Fish and Vegetables. South Side 
Market. The "South Side Market" has "got on 
the right side" of many of our most experienced 
householders, for the inducements offered to 
customers are hard to resist, and the quality of 
the goods handled is always first-class. One 
thing that strikes a stranger doing business 
with this house for the first time, is the chree- 
fulness and alacrity with which he is waited 
upon. Nothing is more exasperating than to 
go into a store and have to wait around until 
some one sees fit to attend to you, and yet this 
experience is the rule rather than the excep- 
tion in some establishments that could be 
named. The proprietors of the South Side 
Market— Messrs. Thompson & Howes— don't do 
business that way, and callers at their store 
may feel assured of being served at the earliest 
possible moment. The result of this and other 
popular features of the management, is to be 
seen in the large business that has been built 
up since operations were begun in 1886. The 
premises occupied are 20x40 feet in size and the 
assortment of goods on hand comprises Fresh 
Meats, Fish and Vegetables, in great variety. 
Employment is given to two efficient and polite 
assistants, and as no pains are spared to facili- 
tate operations as much as possible, and the 
system of delivery is prompt and accurate, a 
good deal of business is done with very little 
fuss and trouble. The firm consists of Mr. 
Frank Thompson and Mr. Fred Howes, both 
being natives of Skowhegan, and the latter a 
member of the Odd Fellows. The firm is a 
popular one, and its members give close per- 
sonal attention to business. 



R, T. Patten, Reo^istered Pharmacist, 43 
Water Street, Skowhegan. One generally feels 
considerable hesitation in giving advice as to 
what physician shall be consulted, or at what 
Pharmacy prescriptions shall be compounded, 
for the consequences of advising wrongly in 
either case are too grave to be lightly assumed. 
Still we feel perfectly sure that all who may 
patronize the establishment conducted by Mr. 
K. T. Patten, at No. 4.3 Water Street, will have 
no reason to regret having done so, for we know 
that the stock of Drugs, Medicines and Chemi- 
cals there carried is full and complete, and we 
also know that Mr. Patten may be depended 
upon to compound every prescription with 
which he is intrusted with care. He is a Skow- 
hegan young man, and is connected with the 
Masons, is a prominent officer in the Wheel 
Club and Athletic Association, and is the cham- 
pion bicyclist of Maine, and opened his present 
store in 1887. He is always ready to aid the fur- 
therance of business or pleasure. The premises 
occupied are of the dimensions of 20x50 feet, 
and are well arranged and fitted up for the pur- 
poses for which they are used. Mr. Patten en- 
deavors to handle only Pure and Fresh Drugs, 
etc., and secures that end so far as possible by 
procuring his supplies from the most reputable 
sources, and manufacturing most of his prepar- 
ations from the crude drugs. He is very mod- 
erate in his charges, and employs sufficient 
assistance to enable him to fill all orders with- 
out undue delay. 

H. V>. Patterson & Co., Fancy Grocery, 
Tea and Coffee Store, 14:3 Water Street, Skow- 
hegan. An establisliment that has come to the 
front rapidly since it was opened in 1886, is 
that carried on by Messrs. H. D. Patterson & 
Co., at No. 143 Water Street. Thie Arm is what 
is known in some parts of the country as a 
"hustler," and when it sets out to accomplish a 
thing, it takes no half-way measures, but just 
works for all it is worth, until the desired end 
is attained. When the business was started it 
was with the idea that there was room here for 
a first-class Fancy Grocery and Tea and Coffee 
store, and the result has proved that this idea 
was entirely correct. The firm are jobbers of 
Teas, CoflFees and Flour, and run tvro large 
stores, giving their retail customers the full ad- 
vantage of dealing with a house that does busi- 
ness on a large scale, and gets coriesponding 
reductions in rates. Mr. Patterson is a native 
of Belfast, Me., and is very thoroughly ac- 
quainted with the Grocery business, both in its 
wholesale and retail forms. He is a fine judge 
of Teas and Coffees, and the goods offered by 
the firm are remarkable for their rich and deli- 
cious flavor no less than for the low prices at 
which they are quoted. The premises utilized 
comprise two floors, measuring 20x100 feet, and 
we can assure our readers that none of this 
large amount of space is wasted, for the im- 
mense stock carried occupies all the available 
room. Those doing business here may depend 
upon being treated with courtesy, and above 
all, with that fairness and liberality that distin- 
guish an honorable house from one that is of 
the opposite character. 

N. S. Hawkes, Photographer. Water St., 
Skowhegan. Few people, aside from those con- 
nected with the profession, have any idea of 
the number of things that must be attended to 
in order to produce a good photographic like- 
ness, and if more were generally known re- 
garding the difficulties that must be met and 
overcome, there would be much less surprise 
expressed at the rarity witTi which a really 
good photograph is met with. Among the best- 
equipped artists in this line that we know of 
in this section, is Mr. N. S. Hawkes, whose 
studio is located on Water Street, over Skow- 
hegan Market. Mr. Hawkes was born in Au- 
burn, and began operations here in 1885. Three 
apartments are occupied and every attention is 
paid to the comfort and convenience of patrons, 
prompt attention being given to every caller 
and every needful facility being at hand to en- 
able orders to be filled at short notice, in an 
eminently first-class manner. The work done 
at this studio is very carefully finished, and es- 
pecial attention is given to securing a perfect 
likeness, and at the same time preserving that 
softness of outline so indispensable to a really 
ai t i-^ t ic picture. Mr. Hawkes is remarkably lov? 
in lii& prices and is straightforward and cour- 
teous in his dealings, so that it is a pleasure to 
do business with him. He is a member of the 
Grand Army and has a war record of excep- 
tional interest, as he took part in some of the 
most famous engagements of the Rebellion; 
among these were: Second Bull Run. Gettys- 
burgh, Fredericksburgh, etc., and while a pris- 
oner in the hands of the enemy, Mr. Hawkes 
saw the inside of Andersonville and Richmond. 

E. B. Carter, Custom-Made Clothing, 
Water Street, Skowhegan. There are certain 
subjects which every man feels an interest in 
as a matter of course, and one of the foremost 
of these is that pertaining to Clothing, and how 
to buy it to the best advantage. It is unneces- 
sary here to point out the advantages of being 
well-dressed. Every thinking person is aware 
that, — other things being equal, — a well- 
dressed man will meet with better treatment, 
make a more favorable impression, be able to 
transact business to better advantage, and in 
short be supeiior in about every respect to a 
man who is handicapped by shabby garments. 
Therefore we will only say, that none but the 
rich can afford to dress poorly, and even then 
they lose more than they gain by so doing. A 
call at the establishment of Mr. E. B. Carter, on 
Water Street, will convince the most bbdui-ate 
that dressing well need not necessarily cost a 
great deal of money, for Mr. Carter produces 
Custom-Made Clothing at remarkably low 
prices, and he guarantees fit, goods and making 
to be what they really are — first-class. This 
establishment was opened in 1885, and it is a 
great favorite with those aware of its merits, for 
at few places can so liberal a return be obtained 
for every dollar expended. Premises measur- 
ing 20x40 feet are occupied, and employment 
given to from 8 to 15 assistants. Mr. Carter 
carries a fine assortment of Foreign and Do- 
mestic Fabrics to select from, and makes up 
garments in the very latest style at short no- 



Heselton Bros. & Co., Dealers in Fancy 
Dry Goods, Corsets, Ladies' Underwear, Linen 
Goods, etc. ; 5 and 10 Cent Goods a specialty, 
137 Water Street. Skowhegan. There is not a 
doubt but that many of our lady readers, resid- 
ing in Skowhegan, know much more about the 
establishment carried on by Messrs. Heselton 
Brothers & Co., than we do, for the character of 
the goods by this firm is such as to appeal 
directly to feminine trade, and as the enterprise 
has been in operation since 1881, abundant op- 
portunity has been afforded to judge of the bus- 
iness methods of the concern and the extent to 
which it is entitled to the patronage of the 
public. That those most familiar with the en- 
terprise fully share our opinion concerning it, 
we know, for otherwise no such extensive bus- 
iness could be cari'ied on as is now the case. 
Fancy Dry Goods, Corsets, Ladies' Underwear, 
Linen Goods, Hosiery, Laces, Ribbons, etc., are 
some of the more prominent articles handled ; 
and extensive dealings are also had in .5, 10 and 
25 Cent Goods, these being made a specialty and 
given particular attention. The premises occu- 
pied are located at No. 137 Water Street, and 
are of the dimensions of 40x75 feet, with plate 
glass front. The store is one of the best arranged 
for the business carried on by this firm of any 
to be found on the Kennebec river. Ladies ac- 
customed to trade here speak in the highest 
terms of the celerity and willingness shown in 
serving them. The prices will bear comparison 
with those quoted at any similar store, quality 
considered, and goods are never misrepresented 
in the least degree. M. B. Heselton, senior 
member of this firm, is a member of Carrabasset 
Lodge, No. 34, 1. O. O. F., of Parmenas Encamp- 
ment, No. 18, L O. O. F.; also of the Grand 
Lodge and Grand Encampment, L O. O. F. of 
Maine, and D. D. Grand Patriarch of the 14th 
District of Maine. He has held the office of 
Scribe of the Encampment for six terms. 

H. W. Clianey, Carpenter and Builder, 
Russell Street. Skowhegan. It would be an ex- 
cellent thing if every man could own the house 
he lives in, and it is to be regretted that so 
many who could have homes of their own if 
they chose, are content to live in hired houses, 
and every ten years or so pay the price of a build- 
ing for the mere privilege of occupying one. 
The cost of a comfortable and convenient dwell- 
ing-house is considerably less than what many 
people think, for although it is of course easy 
to spend $10,000 on an edifice of this kind, stiil 
one-tenth of that sum will build a cozy and 
comfortable home. Should you feel disposed 
to question our figures, or if you are interested 
in the .subject, and disposed to learn more re- 
garding it, just call on Mr. H. W. Chaney, doing 
business on Russell Street. He is a native of 
Skowhegan. and has carried on operations here 
since 1884, and as a carpenter and builder ranks 
with the foremost in this vicinity. Mr. Chaney 
thoroughly understands his business, and 
always having the interests of his patrons at 
heart, can offer some valuable suggestions to 
intending builders. He occupies two floors, 
measuring 20x30 feet, and employs six compe- 
tent and experienced assistants. Estimates 
will be furnished on application, and every 

facility afibrded for the ready and satisfactory 
dispatch of business. Jobbing orders are also 
given prompt attention, and Repairing will be 
attended to without delay and at moderate 

Dorau Furnace (/Oiupany, Madison St., 
Skowhegan. The question whether Stoves or 
Furnaces afford the best means of heating a 
house, is to bH decided entirely by a considera- 
tion of the circumstances in the case; but it 
may be truthfully said that very few people 
who have once experienced the conveniences of 
a Furnace, are content to go back to Stoves 
again. By the use of the Doran Wood Furnace, 

those living where wood is plenty, can get any 
required amount of heat at a very small ex- 
pense, either of time or money, for this Furnace 
is very economical of fuel, and is simple in con- 
struction and most effective in action, requiring 
very little care. The patentee, Mr. W. Doran, 
is a native of Augusta, and a member of the 
Free Masons. He carries on business on Madi- 
son Street, and deals in Furnaces, Stoves, Tin 
Ware, Plumbing M;iterials, etc. Business was 
begun in 1850, this establishment having been 
for years one of Skowhegan's representative 
business-houses. The premises utilized com- 
prise two floors and a basement, and measure 
30x80 feet. Both a wholesale and retail trade 
is carried on, and the advantages enjoyed are 
such that bottom prices are quoted on all the 
goods handled. .Jobbing orders are given im- 
mediate and pains^taking attention, and Plumb- 
ing of all kinds will be done in the most thor- 
ough and satisfactory manner, at low prices. 
Mr. Doran employs four competent assistants, 
and guarantees that every article bought of him 
shall prove as represented. Callers are assured 
courteous attention, and the establishment fully 
deserve its unquestionable popularity. 



P Hotel Heselton, Bathroom and Billiard 
I Hall, Livery and Sale Stable connected. Head- 
quarters for the Forks, Athens, Canaan and 
Mercer Stages, F. B. Heselton, proprietor. 
Water Street, Skowhegan. The man who 
can put up at the " Heselton," partake of 
its accommodations, experience its hospital- 
ity, and then tjo away unsatisfied, is to be 
pitied, for he will find it impossible to get 
suited anywhere. This probably seems a some- 
what strong statement to those unacquainted 
■with the hotel to which we refer, but we have 
no fear but what those in a position to speak 
from experience will be ' pr-ictically unanimous 
in indorsing what we have said. The Hotel 
Heselton was built in 18S1, has been newly 
furnished throughout, and has every " modern 
convenience," in the full sense of that much- 
abused term. It is heated by steam and lighted 
by electricity, and is so constructed and ar- 
ranged as to provide for an abundance of fresh, 
pure air in summer time. The building is of 
very pleasing design, and contains four fioors, 
there being seventv-five guest-rooms. A thor- 
oughly appointed Bath-room and Billiard Hall 
are to be found on the premises, and the Livery 
and Sale Stable connected with the House is 
first-class in every respect, and fully deserving 
of the liberal patronage it receives. Teams 
being furnished at all hours at very moderate 
rates. This Hotel is the Headquarters for the 
Forks, Athens, Canaan and Mercer Stages, and 
is one of the most papular in the entire State, 
■with travelers who have exj^erienced its accom- 
modations. Mr. Heselton, the genial proprie- 
tor, is a native of Skowhegan. and a member of 
the Odd Fellows. One of the most popular 
features of his management of the House is 
that connected with the character of the cui- 
sine, for the table is supplied with the best that 
the market Rifords. and a pleasing variety is 
practiced in the Bill of Fare. Employment is 

given to twenty-five efficient assistants, and the 
service is prompt, polite, and in short such as 
would be expected in so well-managed an insti- 

R. S. Hillmaii, Wholesale and Retail Dealer 
in Tea, Coffee and Spices. Also Dealer in 5, 10 
and 25-cent Goods, Peddlers' Supplies. Glass, 
Tin, Crockery Ware and Notions. No. 39 Water 
Street, Sk'iwhegan. Tea, Coffee and Spices are 
articles that are sold at almost innumerable 
stores; but for all that it is by no means easy 
to find a place where fine quality is combined 
with low price. In some establishments, doing 
a small trade in this line, the goods themselves 
are all right when first placed in stock, but they 
are disposed of so slowly that they become de- 
teriorated by age and are then distinctly in- 
ferior to what they should be. Therefore, it is 
well to buy such articles of a dealer making a 
specialty of handling them, and we know of 
none more worthy of patronage than Mr. R. S. 
Hillman, whose store may be found at No. .S9 
Water Street. This gentleman was born in 
Troy. Me., and is connected with both the Free 
Masons and the Odd Fellows. He founded the 
establishment to which we have reference in 
188.5, and the extent of his present trade is suf- 
ficient indication of how the inducements he 
has to offer are appreciated. One floor and a 
storehouse are occupied and a large stock is 
carried, which is as varied as it is large, for it 
comprises (besides Tea, Coffee and Spices), 5, 
10 and 2.5-cent Goods, Peddlei's' Supplies. Glass, 
Tin, Crockery Ware and Notions, etc., etc. 
Employment is given to four competent and 
obliging assistants, and no pains are spared to 
please and satisfy every customer, the goods 
being reliable and the prices low. Mr. Hillman 
also handles Old Junk and Paper Stock, and, in 
fact, is one of the busiest men to be found in 
this locality. 



Mrs. H. H. Big-elow, Millinery, Madison 
Street, Skowhegan. Just what tbat quality is 
that enables the person possessing it to beau- 
tify a thing with a few deft touches, is a ques- 
tion that has puzzled many a head beside our 
own. Call it "good taste," and you have not 
described it. for not a few have unexception- 
able taste, and yet lack this power of which we 
speak. But no matter what it is called, it is 
indisputable that it exists, and a large share of 
the pronounced success that has been won by 
the enterprise carried on by Mrs. H. H. Bige- 
low, on Madison Street, is due to her possession 
of this " extra sense." The lady alluded to be- 
gan operations in 1887, and has proved herself 
to be particularly well fitted for the carrying on 
of such an enterprise. She carries a fine stock 
of Millinery Goods, which although not so 
large as some, is selected with such excellent 
taste and skill that it embraces articles suited 
to all ages, conditions and preferences. Mrs. 
Bigelow employs three competent and polite 
assistants, and is in a position to turn out cus- 
tom work at short notice, and in the most sat- 
isfactory manner. Trimmed and untrimmed 
hats and bonnets, in the latest shapes, are of- 
fered at the lowest market prices, and the most 
popular novelties in the millinery line are 
always to be had here on favorable terms. 

Woodbury, Morrill & Gag-e, Flour, 
Grain, Groceries and Provisions, opposite the 
Depot, Skovvhegan. Cash paid for all kinds of 
Produce. The establishment canied on by the 
well-known house whose card we print above, 
is a noteworthy one in many respects, and is 
so managed as to make it one of the most pop- 
ular enterprises of the kind in this vicinity. 
Business was begun in 1878, and has been suc- 
cessfully carried on. This concern spares 
neither time nor trouble in improving the effi- 
ciency of its service, and as a consequence, not 
only carries on one of the most liberally-man- 
aged establishments in Skowhegan, but is con- 
stantly adding to the claim it already has on the 
patronage and cordial support of the public. 
Mr. Woodbury was born in Farmington, Mr. 
Morrill in Hartlaud, and Mr. Gage in Salem. 
Messrs. Woodbury and Morrill are both mem- 
bers of the Odd Fellows and Free Masons. 
Premises measuring 125x100 feet are occupied, 
opposite the Depot, and a large and finely-se- 
lected stock is carried, comprising Flour, Grain, 
Groceries and Provisions. Both a wholesale 
and a retail business is done, and employment 
is afforded to two competent and polite assist- 
ants. Country Produce is made a specialty, 
and cash will be paid for all commodities of 
this kind. The assortment of Flour handled is 
an unusually desirable one, and being made up 
of goods selected especially for family use, it is 
well worthy the careful inspection of house- 
holders. Decided inducements are also offered 
in the purchase of Grain of all kinds, while the 
the line of Groceries handled is very complete, 
and embraces both Staple and Fancy Articles 
in great variety. They are also one of the 
largest Wool buyers in Somerset County. Cus- 
tomers are assured of perfectly fair dealing at 
this establishment, and as the prices are very 
low, no better place can be found at which to 
leave orders. 

Horatio W. dishing'. Apothecary and 
Druggist, Water Street, opposite Post-office, 
Skowhegan. Although there are not a few 
people who consider that Apothecaries, as a 
rule, have a remarkably easy time of it, still we 
question if there is another business or profes- 
sion — call it what you will — where the re- 
sponsibilities assumed are graver, and the aver- 
age reward more insignificant. To establish a 
modern Apothecary store calls for no mean 
sum of money; the fixtures are numerous and 
expensive, the stock must be large, and must 
contain goods subject to deterioration, and the 
competition is sufficiently keen to reduce prof- 
its to a minimum. But after all, the chief point 
to be considered is the responsibility. In- 
trusted with the dispensing of the most deadly 
agents known to chemistry — agents as sure 
and almost as swift in their action as a light- 
ning stroke — the apothecary must fill prescrip- 
tion after prescription, must combine all possi- 
ble ingredients, and if one small mistake is 
made, who can fcnesee the result? In a well- 
managed Drug store, however, no mistakes are 
made, and a fine example of such an establish- 
ment is that carried on by Mr. Horatio W. 
Gushing, on Water Street, opposite the Post- 
office. This undertaking has been carried on 
since 1873, and is one of the best known in this 
vicinity, for the methods displayed in its man- 
agement have met with the favor of the public^ 
and have resulted in a large business being 
built up. Mr. Gushing is a native of this place, 
and is connected with the Odd Fellows. Prem- 
ises of the dimensions of 20x60 feet, are occu- 
pied, two competent and careful assistants em- 
ployed, and especial attention paid to the accu- 
rate compounding of prescriptions at short 

E. Li. Walker, Painter and Paper Hanger, 
Water Street, Skowhegan. It is wonderful 
the change that can be made in a house by the 
proper use of Paint and Wall Paper, and if some 
people only realized how much can be done in 
this line for a little money, they would no 
longer be content to allow their premises ta 
remain shabby and worn. There are very few 
but what can afford to keep their house well- 
painted, and, indeed, it is the truest economy 
in the long run to do this, as the weather soon 
rots and destroys un painted wood- work. The 
skillfulness with which paint is applied has 
much to do with its lasting powers, and in order 
to get the best results in this respect, it would 
be well to employ the services of Mr. E. L. 
Walkei", who h^s had a large experience in such 
work, and who has every facility at hand to fill 
orders promptly and cheaply. Mr. Walker is a^ 
native of Skowhegan, and started his present 
enterprise in 1880. He employs ten efficient 
assistants, and occupies premises located on 
Russell and Madison Streets, and measuring 
24x50 feet. Orders for Painting, Paper-hang- 
ing, etc., are attended to at once, and we can 
assure our readers that they will have no rea- 
son to regret favoring Mr. Walker with an or- 
der. His charges are moderate, and as he uses 
selected stock and employs skilled assistants, 
durability is assured. 



George T>. Arnold, Dealer in Flour and 
Groceries, Country Produce, Oranges, Lemons, 
Figs. Raisins, Canned Goods, ete., etc. Cash 
paid for E<iffs. 51 Water Street, Skowbegan. 
It is frequently remarked by those doing busi- 
ness -svith Mr. Ceorge D. Ainold, at No. 51 
Water Street, that he is a good man to deal 
with, and indeed, as one becomes familiar with 
his methods, no surprise is felt, either at his 
personal popularity or the magnitude of his 
trade. He was born in Skowhegan, and is a 
member of the Odd Fellows, inauguiating his 
present enterprise in 1880. The premises util- 
ized by Mr. Arnold comprise two floors and a 
basement, and measure 20x90 feet. Flour and 
Groceries of every description are handled, and 
when we come to add to these Country Produce, 
Oranges, Lemons, Raisins, Figs, Canned Goods, 
etc., it will be seen that it is necessary to have 
rather spacious accommodations. The quality 
of the goods dealt in here is uniformly first- 
class, and it is to this that the store owes much 
of its popularity. When you buy a thing of 
Mr. Arnold, you know what you've got, and 
you may always dei)end on every representa- 
tion that may be made by him or his assistants, 
as all goods are guaranieed, and no false state- 
ments are made concerning them. The line of 
Flour for Family use that Mr. Arnold carries is 
a complete and skilifnlly selected one, and 
those wishing a bag or barrel of this indispen- 
sable commodity would do well to place their 
orders right here. Goods are promptly deliv- 
ered, and polite attention assured to all. He 
also deals largely in Vermont Cheese (Sage and 
Plain) and Butter. Also receives Fleischmann's 
Yeast Cakes three times per week direct from 
the Factory, saving twelve hours delay in 

Georg-e Ciishing-, Retail and Jobbing 
Druggist and Apothecary. Bookseller and Sta- 
tioner. 81 Water Street, Skowhegan. Also 
Agent for American Express Company. The 
establishment conducted by Mr. (ieorge Cush- 
iug. at No. 31 Water Street, is one of the best 
known in this section, not only on account of 
the many years the enterprise has been carried 
on in the town of Skowhegan, but also by rea- 
son of its being the pioneer Drug and Book 
house in Somerset County. Business was be- 
gun over half a century ajiu by Mr. William 
Dyer, this gentleman founding the enterprise 
in 18:57. In the fall of 1860 the firm-name be- 
came Dyer & Cushiug, and in 18c?0 the present 
proprietor assumed sole control. Mr. Cushing 
is a native of Skowhegan, and is connected 
with the Free Mhsous. The premises utilized 
by him comprise three and one-half floors, of 
the dimensions of 24x72 feet, and an immense 
stock is carried, both a wholesale and retail 
business being done. Drugs and Medicines, 
Books and Stationery, Wrapping Paper and 
Bags, Fancy Goods, Art Goods and Materials, 
Cutlery, Bird Cages, Trusses, Confectionery 
and Fruit, are very largely handled, and employ- 
ment is given to three competent and courteous 
assistants, who give prompt attention to cus- 
tom eis. The supply of Drugs and Medicines 
on h iiid is an exceptionally complete one, and 
eveiy facility is enjoyed for the filling of orders 
with accuracy and dispatch. Prescriptions 
compounded at this establishment are assured 

the most careful and intelligent handling, and 
the charges made are reasonable and fair. The 
supplying of physicians with pure Drugs in 
quantities is a specialty with this house. Mr. 
Gushing is Agent of the American Express 
Company, and 'the business has his personal 
oversight. Mr. Gushing also deals largely in 
Spruce Gum of the very best giades, and sends 
to dealers in all parts of the State and country. 
Samples are sent with prices on application. 
In the month of December a very extensive 
stock of fine Christmas and art goods is car- 
ried, and his store is the most attractive one in 
all these parts. This is a progressive house, 
and Mr. Gushing keeps ahead in all the various 
departments of his business. 

M. J. Allen, Mill-Wright, Sawing, Plan- 
ing, etc., Island Avenue, Skowhegan. Time is 
money, as everybody knows, in this age of 
progress, and the amount of time — and conse- 
quently of money — that is saved daily by such 
establishments as that conducted by Mr. M. J. 
Allen, on Island Avenue, is almost inconceiv- 
able. Mr. Allen does Sawing, Planing, Turn- 
ing, etc., to order, at the very shortest notice, 
and as his shop is equipped with the latest im- 
proved wood-working machinery, and he has 
ample water-power available to keep things 
moving, he is in a position to rush orders 
through with great speed, and to meet all de- 
mands that may be made upon his resources. 
He is a native of Skowhegan, and is very well- 
known in that vicinity, having inaugurated his 
present enterprise here in 1874. He is a mem- 
ber of the Ancient Order of United Workmen. 
The premises utilized are of the dimensions of 
50x2.50 feet, and an adequate force of experi- 
enced and skillful assistants is at hand. Mr. 
Allen is very reasonable in his charges, and as 
his work is uniformly accurate and satisfactory, 
it is not surprising that he does a very large 

E. S. Prescott, Dealer in all kinds of Fancy 
Groceries. 51 Water Street, Skowhegan. The 
term "Fancy Groceries" means much more 
now than it used to, for one article after the 
other has been put upon the market, until the 
complete list is a very extensive one, and the 
business of handling the goods mentioned in it 
has become a special branch of trade. Certain- 
ly one of the best known and most successful 
establishments, devoted entirely to the sale of 
Fancy Groceries, is that of which Mr. E. S. 
Prescott is the propiietor. located at No. 51 
Water Street. This enterprise had its incep- 
tion in 1877, and the rapidity with which it has 
developed and increased only shows that it 
has been skillfully and liberally managed. Mi*. 
Prescott is a native of Vassalborough. He em- 
ploys two efficient and polite assistants, and 
utilizes premises of the dimensions of 20x50 
feet. Fancy Groceries of every description are 
kept in stock, and callers will find a most com- 
plete assortment of choice Canned Goods, Pick- 
les, Relishes, Condiments, Jams, Preserves, and 
in short everything that properly comes under 
the liead of Fancy Groceries. Mr. Prescott is 
very reasonable in his prices, for he buys in 
large quantities, and gives his customers the 
benefit of the saving made by so doing. Orders 
are promptly filled. 




li. W. Chase, Livery and Sale Stables, 
Also Dealer in Carriages, Harnesses, Robes, 
Wbips, etc.. Water Street, opposite Hotel Hes- 
elton. Tbe establishment is well worthy of a 
visit from all interested in Good Horses or Fine 
Carriages, for at this place ore o^tn either buy 
or hire anything in this line, and is sure of get- 
ting his money's worth in either case. Mr. 
Chase was born in York, Maine, and is con- 
nected with the Odd Fellows. He inaugurated 
tbe enterprise to which we have reference in 
1885, and has already niised it to a leading po- 
sition among undertakings of a similar nature 
in this section of the State. The premises in 
use comprise two floors of the dimensions of 
50x200 feet, and employment is given to three 
efficient assistants, orders being attended to 
without delay and in the most satisfactory 
manner. A good horse and comfortable, stylish 
carriage, will be supplied by Mr. Chase at a 
very low price, and strangers in town who wish 
to get an idea of the lay of the land, can find no 
more agreeable and economical way in which to 
do it than by hiring one of his turn-outs for an 
afternoon or so. Some fine animals are always 
on hand for sale purposes and those who are 
wise enougii to buy their horses of reputable 
parties, would do well to note what Mr. Chase 
has to offer. Carriages, Harnesses, Robes and 
Whips, are also sold at the lowest market rates, 
and everything will prove as represented. 


lO & lit 31{i«IisuuSt., 




lEXTER is one of the most enterprising and important towns in the north- 
western part of Penobscot county. It is readied directly by railroad, branch- 
ing off from the main line of the Maine Central at Newport, and is situated about 
thirty miles from Bangor. It lies in the midst of a fertile and beautiful rural district, 
and contains about 20,370 acres of valuable territory. The tov/n owes its growth 
and prosperity, not only to the favorable situation it possesses, but also to the efforts 
of generations of pushing and honorable men who have made it their home. It wa3 
first prospected and surveyed in 1772 by interested owners of the land, who thought 
this an advantageous spot, and wanted to lay out a town here; but the outbreak of 
the Revolutionary war delayed matters, and it was not actually settled until about 
thirty years later. 

In 1801 the long-talked-of and proposed settlement was made, so that the town 
dates its birth back almost to the beginning of the century. The first settler was 
Ebenezer Small, who hailed from Gilmanton, N. H. Soon after he had broken soil 
for his cabin and farm, a man named Elkins arrived, who was long a leading light in 
the dark, early days of Dexter. So much so, in fact, that the place was popularly- 
known as "Elkinstown" up to its incorporation under its present name in 1816. 


Among other early settlers were Joseph Tickler, Seba Smith, Wm. Mitchell, Simeon 
and John Stafford, Jeremiah Abbot, and Shepley Smith and Maxwell with their fami- 
lies. These energetic and cour^jgeons men (for it required some courage to push thus 
far out into the wilderness in those d:iys, as it was not a pleasure excursion) were all 
farmers by birth and education. The place was located as township No.',4, fifth range, 
one of the " no-name townships." The early settlers received grams of good land, 
and improved them so rapidly that the fame of the town spread through the State 
and attracted many new-comers. By 1813 the boundary lines throughout the town 
had been established and all the land was taken up by the settlers. A township 
charter had been granted in 1804, and so quickly did it grow up that within ten years 
a movement was started for incorporating it as a town, which resulted in the grant- 
ing of a town charter by the Legislature on the 17th of June, 1816, the place being 
named in honor of the Hon. Samuel Dexter of Boston, who was a large owner of real 
estate here, and prominent in the up building of its interests. 

The population which in 1810 was 136, had lisen in 1820 to 461, and the valuation 
in that year was $27,391. The first church edifice here was erected by the Univer- 
salists in 1829, and this was followed in 1834 by the church of th«^ First Congregational 
Society. The population in 1830 was 885, and had increased to 1,464 during the 
next decade, so that it was evident that the town was making steady progress. 

Dexter from its age and situation, was not able to take much part in the war of 
1812, but when the British sent their invading fleet up the Penobscot in 1814, fifteen 
Dexter men volunteered as militia and joined the American forces, many of whom 
after the repulse, escorted them all the way from Bangor home in unusually quick 
time. Some of the demoralized forces did not even stop here, but started oflf in the 
direction of Moosehead Lake. 

An event long remembered in Dexter was the " Great Tornado " of 1848, when 
the force of the wind tore up great trees by the roots, leveled barns and houses to 
the ground, and not only created great damage, but endangered many lives. Old 
people used often to say, and perhaps say still, that there was never seen anything 
like the " great storm of '48." 

In 1850 yet further progress was revealed by the census, the population being 
1,948. During the next decade nothing of particular note happened to the town, and 
while deeply interested in the slavery troubles in other parts of the country, it con- 
tinued on its way of unchanged growth at home, and in 1860 numbered 2,365 people, 
with a total valuation of $465,023. The town entered into the civil war with the 
utmost patriotism and devotion. A large number of its leading citizens and strong 
young men enlisted in the Union army, most of the volunteers going to the Second, 
Sixth, Eighteenth, Twenty-fourth and Thirty-first regiments. The town showed great 
liberality throughout in its appropriations of money and supplies, and the Ladies' Aid 
Society was very active and generous in its services. 

During the first few years after the war the town felt the effects of the " boom" 
which spread all over the country, so that it grew and prospered rapidly until, in 1870, 
the population was 2,875, and the valuation, $1,006,966. After this came the great 
financial depressions throughout the country, and Dexter again felt the effects and 
fell away some, though only a little, and the old spirit still remained ready to revive 



at short notice. The popiilation in 1880 was 2,563, and the valuation $963,029. In 
the present decade a revival of business and general interest has taken place, and 
greater advancement has been made than for many years past. The manufacturing 
interests have extended rapidly, and now includes lumber, grain, boots, shoes, carri- 
ages ami furniture. The population is in the region of 3,000, and the valuation has 
risen to over a million dollars. 


The opening of the branch of the Maine Central from Newport, was a great thing 
for Dexter, and has contributed much to its wealth and growth. While the business 
affairs have been prospering, other interests have not been neglected. Education has 
received the careful attention which the mind of New England has always discerned 
as extremely important. The schools are conducted liberally and well, and main- 
tained at a very high standard. There is a fine public library here, containing several 
thousand of carefully selected and valuable books ; and in tnatters relating to intellec- 
tual advancement the citizens of this progressive town are well and thoroughly posted. 
In religious affairs the town is unusually active; there is a representative church here 
of almost every prominent denomination. 

Through the railroad Dexter is coming in for its share of the annual tide of sum- 
mer visitors to this " Garden State," and moreover is proving itself well worthy of 
the honor. A quiet and beautiful town, situated in a delightful region, where every- 
thing that can charm the eye and nourish the tired frame back to vigorous health is 
found in abundance, it is no wonder that its fame grows with every passing year. 




Amos Abbott & Co., Woolen Manufac- 
turers, Grove Street, Dexter. The manufacture 
of Woolen Goods is one of Maine's great in- 
dustries, and it is one that is destined to develop 
■wonderfully, if not interfered with by mistaken 
legislation. There are many woolen mills car- 
ried on in this section of the State, but among 
them all it would be hard to find another one 
with a record similar to that held by the under- 
taking carried on under the firm-name of Amos 
Abbott & Co. This famous enterpi'ise was in- 
augurated in 1825, and was the first Woolen 
Mill in Maine to ship goods to the Boston and 
New York markets. It has exerted a most 
powerful influence in extending the celebrity 
and advancing the true business interests of the 
town in which it is located. Amos Abbott, its 
founder, was born in Andover, and Messrs. J. 
and G. A. Abbott, who now carry it on, are 
natives of Dexter. The plant utilized covers 
an area of three acres of ground, and includes 
seven buildings in addition to a spacious store- 
house. The machinery in use is of the most 
improved description, and is run by water- 
power, employment being given to fifty hands. 
It seems idle for us to refer to the business 
methods of the gentlemen conducting this time- 
honored enterprise, for they are already well 
known, doubtless, to the majority of our readers. 
The goods made by this Mill are accepted by 
those in the trade, as the standard by which 
others may be judged. No pains are spared to 
make the product fully equal to the reputation 
so long held by it, and the admirable system in 
operation at this Mill, permits of every detail 
of the manufacture being closely sci'utinized. 
Skilled hands are employed, and the pay-roll 
amounts to some $1,500 per month. 

S. D, Fish & Son, Harness Manufactur- 
ers, Grove Street, Dexter. Everybody knows 
that some men can get a great deal more speed 
or a great deal more work out of a horse than 
others can, and that, too, without injuring or 
overworking the animal. Now what is the 
I'eason of this? Well, a good part of it is, these 
men thoroughly understand their business. 
They have made a study of horse-flesh, know 
the habits of the animal perfectly, and make it 
a rule to get acqu.iinted with the individual 
peculiarities of every horse they handle; for 
horses have their peculiarities the same as men. 
Then they have the harness especially suited to 
the animal that is to wear it, and here is an 
important point that everybody can appreciate, 
but that is too often neglected. Messrs. S. D. 
Fish & Son, doing business on Main Street, are 
well-qualified to render efficient aid in the selec- 
tion of a proper harness, for they are manu- 
facturers of skill and experience, and give 
careful, personal attention to every order. 
Premises of the dimensions of 30x60 feet are 
occupied, and employment given to two efficient 
assistants, thus enabling the firm to turn out 
Order Work or Repairing at short notice. Only 
the best of material is used ; and the work done 
here is as remarkable for its strength and dura- 
bility as it is for its neatness and fine finish. 
There is carried in stock a fine assortment of 
Harnesses, Horse Furnishings, etc., and the 
prices quoted on the same will be found to be 
"right" in every respect. Messrs. Fish *& Son 
also deal in New and Second-hand Carriages, 
which they claim to sell very low for cash, or on 
easy terms. They are also ready at all times to 
exchange carriages to the mutual satisfaction 
and benefit of both parties concerned. In fact. 



to deal with all justly, so that they will come 
again and influence their friends to call, not 
only for Carriages, but Harnesses of their own 
manufacture as well. 

Dexter Machine Company, Main Street, 
Dexter. The position held by Dexter as a man- 
ufacturing center, is so prominent that the 
great majority of our readers are doubtless 
aware of the many advantages the town offers 
to those desirous of establishing mechanical 
industries. Besides being so situated as to 
afford excellent facilities for the reception of 
raw materials and the shipping of finished 
goods. Dexter affords ample and unfailing 
water-power, a point which is greatly appreci- 
ated, as it reduces the cost of production and 
puts the manufacturer in a position to be quite 
independent of coal-handlers' strikes and such 
serious interruptions to business. One of the 
latest enterprises of magnitude to be inaugu- 
rated in this town, is that establised by the 
Dexter Machine Company, Builders of Machin- 
ists' Tools in 1887. This starts out under the 
most favorable auspices, for it is under the 
management of able and experienced men who 
have already given decided proof of their fitness 
for the position they occupy. The President of 
the company is a Dexter man by birth and is 
well known in this vicinity, we refer to Mr. F. 
E. Burger who also acts as Superintendent. 
The Secretary and Treasurer is Mr. J. B. Haskell, 
and the general foreman, Mr. C. S. Kinney. 
The plant utilized by the company, is of mod- 
ern construction, and embodies the latest im- 
provements, thus enabling orders to be filled at 
short notice and at bottom rates. Employment 
is afforded to ten skilled assistants. 

B. L. Call, Photographer, Grove Street, 
Dexter. To hear the extravagant claims made 
by certain parties, one would really think that 
a monopoly of artistic photography was held 
by them, and that no one else could accomplish 
satisfactory results. But are these claims well- 
founded ? No, fortunately not; nor is there any 
prospect of their being, so long as the same 
sun shines for all, and the same opportunities 
are open to all who are not afraid to work. 
Mr. B. L. Call doing business at No. 1 Grove 
Street, does not profess to be the only Photog- 
rapher in the State capable of making satis- 
factory likenesses, but for all that, is able to 
produce as faithful and finely-finished pictures 
as anybody could desire. He has carried on 
his present establishment since 18S6, and has 
built up a liberal and increasing patronage by 
keeping all promises made to customers, and 
furnishing first-class work at moderate rates. 
Mr. Call is a native of Exeter, being thoroughly 
acquainted with the many details of the busi- 
ness. The premises utilized, comprise two 
floors of the dimensions of 30x.50 feet, and con- 
tain the latest improved apparatus, and all other 
necessary facilities. Pictures, Frames and 
Moldings are carried in stock, and are offered 
for sale at the lowest mai ket prices. All orders 
will be given prompt and careful attention, and 
those wishing anything in the Picture line should 
certainly pay the firm a visit. 

C. p. McGrillls, Groceries and Feed, at 
the Depot, Dexter. Considered from some 
standpoints, 18 years is a very long time, while 
from others it seems but a brief period after all. 
But however long or short a time it may seem, 
the fact remains that few business enterprises 
attain so high a position in the esteem of the 
public in 18 years as hns that conducted on 
Main Street, at the depot, by Mr. C. P. McGril- 
lis. This gentleman was born in Dexter. Me., 
and founded the undertaking with which he is 
now identified, in 1870. He has resorted to no 
illegitimate or questionable methods to build up 
his business, but has proceeded from the first, 
on the good, old-fashiimed principle of giving a 
dollar's worth for a dollar, and assuring equal 
and equitable treatment to all. The premises 
utilized comprise two floors, measuring 40x100 
feet, and the stock on hand 's made up of 
Choice Staple and Fancy Groceries, selected 
especially for family trade, together with Flour, 
Corn and Feed of all kinds; also dealer in Po- 
tatoes and Country Produce. Mr. McGrillis 
employs three assistants, and supplies Goods 
in quantities to suit, doing both a wholesale 
and retail business. He endeavors to fill orders 
promptly and accuVately, and so far as care and 
hard work can assure this being done, custo- 
mers of his may depend upon it. The prices 
quoted on the many articles handled, are as 
low as can be named by any dealer in similar 
goods, and no trade is sought for by misrepre- 
sentation and deceit. 

S. S. Ireland, Dealer in Dry and Fancy 
Goods, Carpets and Woolens, corner of Main 
and Grove Street, Dexter. Perhaps there are 
still a few ladies residing in Dexter or vicinity, 
who are not thoroughly acquainted with the 
Inducements offered at the establishment con- 
ducted by Ml". S. S. Ireland, at the corner of 
Main and Grove Streets, and if so, we can do 
them no more genuine service, than to earnest- 
ly advise them to visit the store in question, 
and see for themselves, Mr. Ireland is a New- 
port man by birth, but has carried on business 
in this town for nearly a score of years. He 
occupies premises of the dimensions of 25x60 
feet and handles Dry and Fancy Goods, Carpets. 
Woolens etc., in immense variety. No one can 
be in business, without paining a pretty correct 
idea of what the public really want, and it is 
often remarked by visitors to Mr. Ireland's 
store, that they are sure to find there just the 
styles and goods they are looking for. His 
prices too. are very acceptable, for he manages 
business on the "quick sales and small profits" 
principle and so is always offering some note- 
worthy bargains. The cai-pets exhibited at 
this establishment, are well worthy of the 
examination of not only those who wish to buy, 
but also those who wish to keep informed re- 
garding the latest fashionable novelties. Em- 
ployment is afforded to two competent and 
courteous assistants, and callers are invariably 
given prompt and polite attention, and furnished 
all desired information. In short, Mr. Ireland's 
store is conducted on liberal and far-sighted 
principles, and amply deserves its great popu- 



SpriDgall & Co., dealers in Pure Drugs, 
Chemicals, Medicines, Toilet Articles, Books, 
Stationery, & Fancy Goods, Sheet Music and 
Musical Merchandise, Main Street, Dexter. 
There are many reasons why the enterprise car- 
ried on by Messrs. Springall & Co., on Main 
Street, should receive special consideration, for 
not only is it of old establishment, but it is also 
of prime importance to the community at large. 
It is over a quarter of a century since opera- 
tions were beg-un, for the house of Barron, 
Springall & Co., became known to the public in 
3860. Fifteen years later, the present firm-name 
was adopted, and the business has steadily de- 
veloped with the growth of the town in which 
it is located. Mr. Springall was born in Dexter, 
and is a member of the Knights of Pythias. He 
is known throughout the community, and is 
looked upon as being one of the most thor- 
oughly competent dispensing Chemists in this 
section. The firm make a specialty of the 
handling of Pure Drugs, and being very careful 
as to where they obtain their supplies, are in a 
position to speak with confidence concerning 
the Chemicals, Medicines, etc., which they 
carry in stock. Accuracy Jn Dispensing is a 
fundamental principle of the business, and 
those having physicians' prescriptions can cer- 
tainly do no better than to have them com- 
pounded at this popular establishment, such 
work being done at short notice, and at low 
prices. Toilet Articles, etc., are dealt in largely, 
and a fine line of Books, Stationery, and Fancy 
Goods is at hand to select from, at rates as low 
as can be named anywheie. Sheet Music and 
Musical Merchandise are offered in great 
variety, and two competent and polite assist- 
ants give prompt attention to all. 

Leighton & Haines, Groceries and Crock- 
ery, Agents for American Express Company, 
Main Street, Dexter. All housekeepers are 
aware that there are a variety of articles, which, 
while included under the head of Groceries, are 
still not to be bought to advantage in every 
grocery store. These goods are generally called 
"Fancy Groceries, and include the latest novel- 
ties iu Eelishes, Condiments, etc., as well as 
Canned Goods, Jams, Preserves, etc. A house, 
which while dealing in all descriptions of Family 
Groceries, still makes a specialty of Fancy 
Articles, is that of which Messrs. Leighton ife 
Haines are the proprietors, located on Main 
Street. This enterprise was inaugurated in 
1880, and the public were quick to appreciate 
the advantages attendant upon dealing with 
this firm. The premises in use are 20x60 feet in 
dimensions, and contain an attractive stock, 
attractively arranged. Both partners give close 
personal attention to the business, and being 
well posted in its various details, are able to 
maintain the high standard of efficiency this 
house long since established. Employment is 
given to two experienced and polite assistants, 
and callers are in all cases shown due consid- 
eration, and assured being waited upon at the 
earliest possible moment. In addition to the 
Staple and Fancy Groceries handled, consider- 
able of a trade is carried on in Crockery, a fine 
and varied selection of these goods being al- 
ways on hand. Purchasers may depend upon 
the articles bought, for no misrepresentation is 
allowed here, and the prices are always low. 

John W. Springall, Watchmaker and 
Jeweler, Dealer in Watches, Clocks, Jewelry, 
Silver Plated Ware, Spectacles and Eye Glasses. 
Agent for the American Watch. Grove Street, 
Dexter. The man who has once carried a 
really accurate watch, will never be satisfied 
afterward with a time-keeper that is not to be 
entiiely depended upon. There is a peculiar 
satisfaction in owning a watch that you can 
" swear by," known only to those who have ex- 
perienced it, and if any of our readei-s should 
be about to purchase a Watch, we would most 
certainly advise them to pay a fair price and get 
a reliable article. Those living in Dexter or 
vicinity, can do no better than to place their 
order with Mr. John W. Springall, doing busi- 
ness on Main Street, for this gentleman makes 
a specialty of fine Watches, and is in a position 
to offer unsurpassed inducements to purchasers. 
He was born in this town and is a member of 
the Knights of Pythias, and since opening his 
present store in i884, has built up a large busi- 
ness by close attention to his patrons and fair 
dealing with all. Mr. Springall warrants the 
Watches he sells to give entire satisfaction, and 
knowing how much depends on the care they 
receive, he gives certain directions to watch- 
owners on his business card that are worthy of 
a careful observance. Condensed they are as 
follows: " Keep the Watch free from dust, 
dampness and extremes of heat and cold; have 
it cleaned annually; don't let it run down; 
wind at regular intervals with a perfect fitting 
key and hold it still while doing so; hang it up 
when not in use, and buy a good Watch to be- 
gin with." If these simple rules are followed, 
the result will be gratifying enough to pay for 
the trouble many times over. Mr. Springall 
makes the Repairing of Fine Watches a specialty 
and does such work at short notice and at low 
rates. He carries a fine stock of Clocks, Jew- 
elry, Silver Plated Ware, Spectacles, Eye Glasses, 
etc., and offers these goods at most reasonable 
rates. One assistant is employed and callers 
are assured prompt and courteous attention as 
well as fair dealing, and desirable goods at low 

F. J. Fogg', Dealer in Family Groceries, 
Meats and Fish. Prominent among the well- 
known establishments in the Grocery and Meat 
business in Dexter, is the house of F. J. Fogg, 
which since its inception has ever maintained a 
high reputation for integrity and honorable 
business dealings. The premises utilized for 
the transaction of business consist of a fine 
store and basement, where is handled one of 
the most complete stocks of groceries and pro- 
visions carried in Dexter. The stock embraces 
evei'ything included in the line of choice family 
groceries, meats, and, in fact, all the condi- 
ments and delicacies usually carried by a first- 
class house of this kind. Prompt attention is 
given to all orders, which are accurately filled 
and delivered to all parts of the town. The 
proprietor is an active business man, who gives 
close personal attention to all branches of the 
establishment, especially to the purchasing and 
selection of the goods, which are guaranteed to 
be the best the market affords. None in this 
line of trade in Dexter enjoy a higher reputa- 
tion for reliability, and the success of this house 
is as well-merited as it is prominent. ' 



W.E. Brewster, wholesale and retail dealer 
in Corn, Flour, Oats, Shorts, Cotton Seed Meal, 
and Fine Groceries, Dustin Block, Main Street, 
Dexter. Everybody has use for Flom-, and a 
great number have use for Oats, Shorts, and 
Feed in general, so that we feel sure that a few 
words concerning where all these articles can 
be bought to the best advantage will prove of 
interest. By calling on Mr. W. E. Brewster, 
doing business in Dustin Block, Main Street, 
you will find a heavy stock of such goods as we 
have mentioned ; and what is more, you will find 
that the prices are away down to the lowest 
notch, for Mr. Brewster makes a specialty of 
the sale of Corn, Flour, Oats, and Shorts, giving 
particular attention to the two first-named ar- 
ticles, and is prepared at any time to supply 
customers, either at wholesale or retail, with 
any desired quantity. He is a native of Park- 
man, is connected with the Free Masons and 
the Odd Fellows, and inaugurated his present 
enterprise in 1887, having already built up a 
large and growing trade. The premises utilized 
comprise three floors and a storehouse, and are 
of the dimensions of 2.5x60 feet Cotton Seed 
Meal is handled quite extensively, and Fine 
Groceries of all descriptions are dealt in large- 
ly, and guaranteed to prove as represented 
every time. Mr. Brewster gives close personal 
attention to his business, and employs sufficient 
assistance to enable him to fill all orders with- 
out delay. 

and the quality of their work is widely ac- 
knowledged to be unexcelled by any print- 
ing establishment outside the large cities. 
The Gazette job-print is widely known among 
theatrical managers as the only establishment 
in Maine with facilities for doing their class of 
work, and it is continually in receipt of large 
orders from all parts of the country. 

Dexter Gazette, Day & Bunker, Proprie- 
tors; E. Bunker, Manager, Dustin .Block, Main | 
Street, Dexter. It is a quarter of a century 
since the Dexter Gazette was established, and 1 
some very radical changes have taken place in ! 
the town since this enterprise was begun. It j 
is said that few papers survive more than a 
year, fewer still five years, and when we come 
to reckon up those that have existed over a 
score of years, we find that they form a very 
small percentage of the whole. The Dexter ; 
Gazette has lived and prospered all this time, 
simply because it was liberally managed and 
ably edited, and as these characteristics dis- 
tinguish it now as much as ever, it is only 
natural that its popularity should be growing I 
daily. Broad in its views and catholic in its 
ideas, the Gazette has always striven to advance 
the best interests of Dexter, and though there 
niay have been errors of judgment at times, no 
one can honestly question the purity of its 
motives. Mr. E. Bunker, the Manager, is a 
young man of energy and unquestioned busi- 
ness ability, a member of the F. & A. M., and 
also belongs to the I. O. O. F. He is too well 
known to render it necessary to make further 
personal mention of him. The same may be 
said of the Editoi-, Mr. H. F. Day, a graduate of 
Colby University, and a member of this wide- 
awake firm. Mr. Day works hard to keep his 
paper in the front ranks, and has reason to con- 
gratulate himself on the success he attains. 
The premises occupied measure 31x63 feet, and 
comprise two floors, the necessary presses, etc., 
requiring ten horse-power to run them. The 
typographical appearance of the Gazette is very 
neat, and the paper is as attractive to the eye 
as it is to the intellect. The proprietors make 
a specialty of Job Printing in all its branches, 

N. Li. McGrillis, Clothing Manufacturer, 
Upper Main Street, Dexter. The manufacture 
of Clothing has reached enormous proportions 
of late years in this country; first, because the 
number to be clothed has largely increased, and 
second, because the tendency has been toward 
the wearing of ready- made garments, and the 
centralization of its making into large shops 
where the various processes could be more eco- 
nomically carried on. Take, for instance, a 
single establishment in this town — that of Mr. 
N. L. McGrillis, located on Upper Main Street. 
This gentleman is a native of Skowhegan, and 
is connected with both the Free Masons and 
Odd Fellows. He became identified with his 
present enterprise in 1874, and some idea of 
the magnitude of his business to-day, may be 
gained from the fact that employment is given 
to two hundred hands. The premises occupied 
are of the dimensions of 2.5x70 feet, and are 
fitted up with the most improved facilities, etc., 
for the carrying on of operations to the best ad- 
vantage. Mr. McGrillis does a strictly whole- 
sale business, and his iproductions are well 
known to the trade in general, being in con- 
stant demand, owing to their uniform excel- 
lence and the low figure at which they are 
quoted. He gives prompt attention to every 
order and his trade is consequently increasing. 

3Iorse & Bridg^es, Manufacturers and 
Dealers in All Kinds of Cemetery Work; Scotch 
Granite a specialty. No. 19 Grove Street, Dex- 
ter. Branch Shop at Newport. An enterprise 
which, having its origin in the centennial year, 
has steadily grown in public favor up to the 
present time, is that carried on by Messrs. 
Morse & Bridges, at So. 19 Grove Street. This 
firm is prepared to undertake Cemetery Work 
of all descriptions, and certainly has ample fa- 
cilities to enable it to meet all honorable compe- 
tition and attain results that cannot but be sat- 
isfactory. Mr. Morse was born in Augusta, 
while Mr. Bridges is a native of Dexter. The 
former is connected with the Knights of Pyth- 
ias and the latter with the Odd Fellows, both 
being extremely well-known in this vicinity. 
A branch shop is maintained at Newport, but 
the headquarters of the concern are at No. 19 
Grove Street, where premises of the dimensions 
of .30x60 feet are utilized, and many beautiful 
specimens of finished work shown. Scotch 
Granite is made a specialty by Messrs. Morse 
& Bridges, and those at all familiar with this 
ornamental and durable stone, will recognize at 
once its peculiar fitness for use in Cemetery 
Work. A gi-eat variety of chaste designs are 
open to the inspection of patrons, and those 
wishing any information relative to the cost, or 
advice regarding the style of any proposed mon- 
ument, headstone, or similar article, will be 
I cheerfully furnished with it on application. 



H. jV. Blethen, Watches, Clocks, Jewelry 
etc., special attention given to Repairing, Main 
Street, Dexter. No thinking person needs to be 
told that it is of the first importance, when 
purchasing anything in the line of Watches, 
Jewelry, etc., to patronize a strictly reliable 
house, yet an opposite course is occasionally 
pursued by those who ought to know better, 
and the result is uniformly — dissatisfaction. 
There is no excuse for allowing one's self to be 
imposed upon, for the reliable jewelry houses 
of a community are easily found, even by a 
stranger, if trouble is taken to make a few in- 
quiries, and it is safe to say that if such in- 
quiries were made in Dexter, about the first 
establishment pointed out would be that of Mr. 
H. A. Blethen, located on Main Street. Cer- 
tainly the residents of the town have had 
abundant opportunity to judge concerning the 
reliability of the enterprise in question, for it 
was inaugurated over a quarter of a century 
ago, its inception occurring in 1861, under the 
firm name of H. A. & A. G. Blethen & Co. Mr. 
H. A. Blethen became sole proprietor in 1876, 
and the last decade has added largely to the 
reputation and patronage of the establishment. 
Mr. Blethen is a native of Dover, and is con- 
nected with the Odd Fellows. The premises 
occupied are of the dimensions of 20x.50 feet, 
and the stock on hand is sufficiently large to 
enable all the available space to be fully util- 
ized. Watches, Clocks, Jewelry, Silver Ware and 
such goods are dealt in largely, and Mr. Blethen 
is prepared to meet all honorable competition 
in the way of furnishing standard articles at low 
prices. He employs three careful aud polite 
assistants, and gives special attention to Re- 
pairing; Watches, Clocks, Jewelry, etc., being 
put in order at short notice, and in a neat and 
durable manner at a low price. 

Charles T. Moses, Packer of " Royal Brand " 
Sugar Corn, Main Street, Dexter. Factories at 
Dexter and Corinna. The discovery of the pro- 
cess by which vegetables, meats, and other per- 
ishable products can be preserved for an in- 
definite period, must be accepted as one of the 
great events of the century, for it has I'esulted 
in the building up of a vast industry, and in 
making it possible to provide in time of plenty 
against prospective famine. Seamen and other 
travelers can now enjoy a healthful and refresh- 
ing diet at all times, and by the proper use of 
Canned Vegetables, Fruits, etc., entirely avoid 
that terrible scourge — scurvy. Sugar Corn is 
one of the characteristic productions of this 
continent, and we are all too familiar with the 
many ways in which tiiis nutritiuous food can 
be utilized, to render it necessary to speak at 
length concerning its great and abiding popu- 
larity. Fresh from the field, it is a delicacy that 
it is hard to equal, and by improved methods of 
canning, and careful selection of the corn 
handled, .some of our Packers succeed in won- 
derfully preserving the desirable qualities of 
the fresh Corn. None have been more success- 
ful in this respect than Mr. Charles T. Moses of 
this town, and his Factory on Lower Main Street 
is a scene of bustling activity during the can- 
ning season. Two floors, measuring .">0x60 feet, 
are occupied, and employment is given to 130 
assistants. The finished product is shipped to 

all parts of the country, aud is in demand 
wherever an honestly put-up article of the kind 
is appreciated. Mr. Moses was born in Standish, 
Me., and is to be congratulated on having built 
up so flourishing a business. 

Levi Bridgbani, Registered Apothecary, 
21 Bank Block, Main Street. Dexter. It would 
be difficult to find an establishment of more 
genuine value to the community than that car- 
ried on by Mr. Levi Bridgham, Bank Block, 
Main Street. This undertaking was founded in 
1872. and has since largely developed as its in- 
fluence to the public became more plainly man- 
ifest. Drugs, Medicines and Chemicals are 
supplied in quantities to suit, at the lowest 
rales that can be named on first-class goods; 
and as the filling of Prescriptions is given es- 
pecial attention, customers may feel assured of 
their favors being appreciated, and of their 
orders being haudled with that skill and accu- 
racy so desirable in this connection. Every 
precaution is observed that will tend to reduce 
the liability of error to the smallest possible 
amount, and eveiy facility is at hand that can 
aid in attaining this result. Mr. Bridgham is 
moderate in his charges, and certainly has 
solved the problem of combining reliable serv- 
ice with popular prices. The sale of Books, 
Fancy Goods, etc., forms another important 
department of his business, and is conducted on 
the same liberal scale that characterizes the 
management of his Drug Trade. The Stock 
carried is Iresh, varied and acceptable, and 
customers are treated with a courtesy and con- 
sideration that are delightful and unusual. 

G. W. Lincoln, Custom Clothing, Main 
Street, Dexter. It may safely be said that 99 
men out of 100 would have their clothing made 
to order were it not for the additional expense 
of so doing. Every man likes to wear a good- 
fitting suit, and it stands to reason that one 
made to order is much more apt to fit as it 
should, than one ready-made. Now so far as 
the expense is concerned, many people make a 
big mistake. There is not really much differ- 
ence between the price of a custom-made gar- 
ment and one that is not made to order; that 
is, provided the goods, trimmings, etc., are the 
same; and right here comes in the reason why 
many ready-made suits are sold cheap, — they 
are made cheap and have defective ti'immings. 
Call on Mr. C W. Lincoln, at his store on Main 
Street and see what he can do for you in the 
way of furnishing a suit to order at a low figure. 
Mr. Lincoln is a native of Waterville, and has 
been engaged in his present line of business for 
more than thirty years, so that he certainly 
ought to understand it thoroughly by this time. 
Premises measuring 20x60 feet are occupied, 
andemploymentgiven to ten efficient assistants. 
Orders will be filled at shoi-t notice, and satis- 
faction is confidently guaranteed, both as re- 
gards fit and finish. Mr. Lincoln's prices are 
invariably moderate, and considering the su- 
perior durability of the garments made <it his 
establishment, it is doubtful if they are actually 
more expensive than ready-made clothing. 





Fay & Scott, Machinists 
and Founders. Manufactur- 
ers of, and Dealers in, Machine 
Tools, Machinery, etc.. Spring 
Street, Dexter. Nowadays, 
when Machinery plays so im- 
portant a part in production, 
and when the margin be- 
tween the cost price and the 
selling price of most manu- 
factured articles is so nar- 
row, it is of the highest im- 
portance to every manufactur- 
er to equip his works with the 
most improved machinery and 
to keep a sharp watch, lest 
the progress of invention 
should leave him in the rear, 
with an equipment that for- 
bids his competing with other 
houses in the same line of 
trade. Not only machinery 
but machine tools, are con- 
stantly undergoing improve- 
ment, and there is no house 
in the State that gives moie 
careful attention to furnish- 
ing its customers with the 
best there is to be had in this 
line, than that ot Fay & Scott, 
doing business on Spring St. 
Business was begun in 1881, 
and as manufacturers and oth- 
ers were quick to recognize 
the genuine character of the 
advantages gained by those 
leaving their orders with this 
concern, a large and growing 
trade has already been estab- 
lished. Mr. Fay was born in 
Massachusetts, and is an Odd 
Fellow, while Mr. Scott is a 
Maine man by birth, and a 
Mason, both being well-posted 
in every detail of their busi- 
ness and giving it their close 
personal attention. In this 
way, not only their interests 
but also those of their custo- 
mers are fully protected, and 
the firm stands ready to guar- 
antee that every Machine and 
every Tool they sell, shall 
prove as represented. Iron 
Working and Special Machin- 
ery of all Descriptions are 
Manufactured and Dealt in, 
employment being given to 25 
assistants; and premises of 
the dimensions of 40x80 — 
Machine Shop, two stories; 
and Foundry 30x80 feet occu- 
pied. Ample water-power is 
at hand to drive all necessary 


E. A. Flanders, Lumber, Box-Shooks, 
Spool Stock etc,, Dexter. Wood-Avoiking is 
without doubt one of the most important in- 
dustries in the State, and not the least impor- 
tant division of it, is that devoted to the pro- 
duction of Box Shooks, Spool Stock, Cloth 
Boards etc. The active and constantly increas- 
ing demand that exists for these articles, makes 
the field a promising one for those who are pos- 
sessed of the necessary enterprise and "push " 
to cultivate it successfully, and a proof of this 
is to be found in the rapid development of the 
enterprise carried on by Mr. E. A. Flanders 
since he inaugurated it in 1880. The premises 

occupied, measure 30x60 feet, and employment 
is given to ten assistants, Mr. Flanders, who 
is a native of Dexter, does both a wholesale 
and retail business and is well prepared to fur- 
nish anything in his line at the lowest market 
rates. He deals largely in Lumber and is in a 
position to meet all honorable competion, as he 
enjoys the most favorable relations with pro- 
ducers and has all necessary facilities to fill 
orders promptly, accurately and in short, satis- 
factorily. Standard grades of material are 
used at this establishment, and they are worked 
up in a careful and thorough manner. 




pHE early history of Waterville is inseparably connected with that of Winslow^ 
of which it was for many years a part. The former place was settled about 
the middle of the eightheen century, and underwent the usual experience of a tiny 
frontier colony in this region, harrassed by the French and Indian war. As a neces- 
sary protection a fort, or more properly, perhaps, a block-house, was erected at Wins- 
low in 1754; and around this as a nucleus, the embryo town slowly and painfully 
grew up. After the French wars with their attendant fears and perils were safely 
over, the great attractions of the Kennebec valley soon made it a favorite with set- 
tlers who soon began to flock hither in ever-increasing numbers. The Indian name 
for that part of Winslow, now Waterville, was Tacconet, which has since been cor- 
rupted to Ticonic. This place was a great center of the Kennebec tribe of Indians. 
Their greatest orator and the great warrior, Bomazeene, beside other leading men of 
the nation, lived here. At Tacconet tribal gatherings were frequently held, and one 
of the great reasons which drew them here was the fact that this was the great burial- 
ground of the tribe. The Indians themselves have long since disappeared from this 
region ; but the ancient bones of many generations remain, and will lemain for centu- 
ries to tell the sad tale of a departed race. 

At the time of the Revolution Winslow was too small and unimportant to take any 
noticeable part in the struggle, but several settlers from the vicinity were participants, 
and the region was not entirely unacquainted with the taste of battle, as the passing 
through of Arnold's expedition, and the invasion of the British up the Penobscot, both 
affected it directly. After it was all over the valley settlements again began to grow, 
and up to the beginning of the present century a most prosperous period was enjoyed. 
In 1784 the first mill was erected at Ticonic Falls by Samuel Redington, and this 
represented the growth of a new settlement on the opposite side of the river from 
the old town. So rapidly did this section grow that by 1802 it was large enough to 



be set apart from Winslow as a town by itself under its present name, derived from 
its magnificent water supply. After it began its separate existence it grew even more 
rapidly for a while, as the establishment here of a Baptist Seminary in 1813 is ample 
testimony, showing that it had become tlie center and most eligible site of all this 
portion of the valley. But the influences set at work by the embargo in 1807, and 
the war of 1812, spread all through New England, affecting her growth and commer- 
cial prosperity ; and they did not spare Waterville, which up to the middle of the 
century underwent the alternate times of "booming" and depression which were the 
usual experience of the towns in the State. In the war of 1812, the young town 
took a deep interest, and sent quite a number of its young men down the river as 
participants in the cruises of the famous Yankee privateers. When the British again 
invaded the Penobscot valley in 1814, it was near enough to witness some of the effects 
of the defeat and flight of the Americans. Though not directly affected by the decay 
of American shipping, it yet suffered indirectly by the general commercial depression 
which resulted therefrom throughout Maine and New England. 

The opening of the railroad, about the middle of the present century, was a most 
important event for Waterville, and marked the opening of a new epoch in its his- 
tory. Its commercial prospects were immediately brightened, independent of the 
important industry which was opened 
by the establishment of the railroad 
machine and repair shops here. The 
magnificent water privilege here, now 
for the first time, began to be ap- 
preciated and it has since received 
increasing attention. Manufacturing, 
to which evidently a large part of 
Waterville's progress has been and 
must be ^ue, now began to assume 
considerable proportions, and the con- 
sequent benefits have been very ex- 

During the civil war the town per- 
formed its duty in a most patriotic 
and generous manner. A goodly 
number of its sons and maturer citi- 
zens responded to the call for volun- 
teers, and throughout the struggle it 
never failed to fulfill every request THE OLD FORT BUILT IN 1754, 

for men and money immediately and ungrudgingly. In the First, Second, Fourth, 
Sixth, Fourteenth, Fifteenth, Eighteenth, Nineteenth, Twenty-First, Twenty-Fourth, 
Twenty-Eighth and Twenty-Ninth volunteer regiments of Maine, were noble repre- 
sentatives of Waterville's best families, and not a few of these were called upon to 
sacrifice a member to the nation's weal. This period, though far from prosperous 
materially, is the most honorable and glorious in the history of the town. • 


Since the war the progress of the town in all lines has been steady and marked. 
The population in 1870 had risen to 4,852, and the valuation was $1,904,017. Part 
of the town was set off in 1873, but nevertheless the population in 1880 was 4,672, 
while the valuation had arisen to $2,612,496 ; both these figures have since been in- 
creased by at least one-half, as the present decade has been one of marked advance- 
ment. The expansion of commercial interests and rise of real-estate values have 
been the most important characteristics of recent years. The valuable manufacturing 
privileges at the Ticonic Falls have received attention, and are now undergoing a 
development which must contribute largely to the material growth of the town. 
Cotton mills, woolen mills, saw-mills, are already well under way here, and the pros- 
pect of the town's becoming a leading manufacturing center seems assured. Among 
other prominent industries, the tanneries, machine and iron foundries, and furniture 
manufacttnies, deserve attention. The machine shops of the Maine Central railroad 
have grown steadily with the growth of the road itself, and are now of considerable 
extent and first importance. The depot here is one of the most beautiful and con- 
venient of any on the road. 

Opposite the lailroad station stand the dark-gray, handsome buildings of Colby 
University, in the midst of a fine campus, with greensward and magnificent elms in 
abundance. This is one of the leading Colleges in the State, and was organized and 
incorporated in 1813 as a Seminary, especially with the idea of training ministers, by 
the Baptist denomination of Maine. It was first called the Maine Literary and The- 
ological Institution, :ind the first President was the Rev. Jeremiah Champlin, d.d. In 
1820 it was granted collegiate powers by the State Legislature at its first meeting, 
and the name was changed to " Waterville College." At the same time important 
donations of land were made. The first graduates after it became a college were 
George Dana Boardman and Ephraim Tripp. The former was the great Baptist mis- 
sionary to the Karens in Burmah, The growth of the College through the middle 
period of the century was gradual and slow, yet steady. At the time of the civil 
war it liad already become a marked force in the life of the State, and contributed 
some of its best and most brilliant members to the Union cause. Among other cele- 
brated alumni of this period was Gen. Benjamin F. Butler. Twenty of Colby's sons 
served in various ways during the war. The beautiful Memorial Hall was erected in 
honor of those who fell in the service. 

In 1867 the name of the institution was changed to Colby University, in honor of 
Gardiner Colby, Esq., of Boston, Mass., who became a very large contributor and 
benefactor. Its influence in the State and New England has always been strongly 
Baptist; but it has always welcomed students of other denominations, and its courses 
are thoroughly scientific and unsectarian. It has now about two hundred students 
and is accomplishing a strong and most useful work. The curriculum is high, many 
talented instructors are connected with the institution, and the presiding administra- 
tion is vigorous and progressive. It has become a vital force in the State, and is not 
only destined to grow continually with it, but beyond it, extending its influence ever 
wider through the country, and advancing the intei-ests both of Waterville and of 



The social life of Waterville is in no small degree affected by the fact that it is a 
college town. Not too large to be thoroughly permeated by this academic spirit, the 
town is heartily in sympathy with the life and aims of the college. The social season 
practically begins with the college year and closes at its end. Many students enter 
the general society of the town and that of the various churches, and are often its 
active life. Tlie culture and refinement of the town is consequently of a more than 
usually advanced type. As the college acts upon the town, increasing and uplifting 
its intellectual standards, so the town reacts upon the college, adding the charms of 
social life, and these are often among the pleasantest memories of graduates. It is 

still-an open question among educators whether the greater quiet and freedom from 
many temptations which the colleges situated in the country and smaller cities enjoy 
do not more than counterbalance the advantages which come from being situated in 
a great city, and an interested student will find all the great privileges and beauties 
of the former class at the highest point of development in Colby University, here in 
the delightful town of Waterville. 

The immense advances made by the State of Maine as a summer resort have been, 
and will continue to be an even more advantageous influence to Waterville. Situated 
in the center of a most charming district, and itself possessed of many attractions 
for the tourist and summer resident, the advancing years will only serve to increase 
and enhance these. The Maine Central Railroad, which has already done so much in 
advancing tlie town, as its great business increases, makes it better known and more 
appreciated, and every year is marked by a larger number of visitors. The drives in 
and about the town are very beautiful, unsurpassed anywhere in the State. Outside 
of the five handsome buildings of the college and its campus, there are many hand- 



some buildings and grounds. Many charming spots of natural interest and beauty 
are in the immediate vicinity; and in every direction, whether by rail, stage-coach or 
ordinary carriage, tlie country opens up great attractions, many of which are not yet 
widely known. The Kennebec and Messaloiiske rivers, beside the other beautiful 
streams and lakes, offer the best facilities for boating and all kinds of aquatic sports. 

The streams and ponds on all sides abound in black and silver bass, and also gamy 
trout, and partridges, quail, woodcock and other game can be found by the enterpriS' 
ing sportsman in considerable numbers and not far away. Even deer have been 
known to venture down near the town, and some have been shot near by in recent 
seasons. No more quiet, restful and attractive spot for a delightful and recuperative 
summer vacation could be discovered. Its convenience to the railroad, and yet unsur- 
passed attractiveness in all the delights of country life, are great points in its favor, 
and will gain in influence every year as they become better known. It is also a great 
railroad center, and this contains great promise of growth. The branch of the Maina 
Central to Skowhegan, tlie two main lines through Levviston and Augusta, and those 
going via. Bangor to Belfast, Bar Harbor, Moosehead Lake and Canada, all meet here 
and make it one of the most traversed spots in the State. Even short acquaintance 
shows one that as a cominerci:il, social and tourist center Waterville has a great 
future before it, which before many decades have passed will make it one of the lead- 
ing cities in the State. And not the least satisfactory consideration is that by reason 
of its location and character, its natural and sanitary advantages, and its cultured and 
progressive people, it is fully worthy of all the prosperity wiiich the great develop- 
ment of Maine has and will biinsi to it. 



>^^TER"V"ILi:.E, ME. 

L. A. Presby & Co., Wholesale and Retail 
Dealers in Dry and Furnishin'jf Goods, Small 
Wares, etc Rubber Goods of All Kinds a Spec- 
ialty. Dunn Block, Waterville. An establish- 
ment which every resident of Waterville has 
reason to be honesily proud of is that con- 
ducted by Messrs. L. A. Presby & Co , iu Dunn 
Block, and we only regret that the necessity of 
keeping this book within reasonable bounds 
compels us to forego giving this enterprise the 
extended notice its merits and comparative 
importance demand. Business was begun in 
1884, and the rapid growth of the trade to its 
present imposing dimensions shows that the 
public have been quick to appreciate the advan- 
tages of dealing with this house. The firm is 
constituted of Mr. L. A. Presby, a native of 
Boston, and Mr. K. W. Dunn, who has passed 
most of his life in Waterville, and is a graduate 
of Colby University. Both a wholesale and re- 
tail business is done, and six stores are occu- 
pied, having total dimensions of 150x75 feet. 
The department devoted to Dry Goods is of 
course a special favorite with the ladies; and 
they have reason to feel pleased at the induce- 
ments offered them, for no house in the county 

is in a position to place a greater variety of 
seasonable goods before its patrons, or to name 
lower prices on standard articles, since they 
manufacture many of their goods, and receive 
them first hand. Everything in tlie Dry Goods 
line is handled by this concern, and whatever 
representation may be made concerning the 
articles on sale may be strictly depended on, 
for no statements are allowed to be made by 
salesmen that are not precisely in accordance 
with the facts. This, of course, has exercised 
a most powerful effect in bringing about the 
present feeling of confidence that is manifested 
by the purchasing public regarding this con- 
cern, and this feeling is also sustained by the 
fact that the various announcements made from 
time to time respecting special sales, etc., have 
always proved to be justified by the actual 
facts. Furnishing Goods and Small Wares are 
handled very largely, and Rubber Goods and 
Boots and Shoes are made a specialty — all de- 
scriptions being dealt in, and only the produc- 
tions of reliable makers offered. Employment 
is given to eight courteous and eflficient assist- 
ants, and all orders, whether large or small, 
ere given prompt attention. 



E. N. Small, Merchant Tailor, Dealer in 
Clothins: and Gents' Furnishing Goods, Main 
Street, Waterville. " It takes all sorts of people 
to make up the world," so everybody admits, 
but at the same time, how few of us can allow 
a man to suit his own taste in matters of dress, 
etc., if it happens to run contrary to our own ; 
Some men prefer Ready made and some prefer 
Cnstom-made garments, and in the large ma- 
jority of cases, every man has good reason for 
■whatever preference he may have. It may be 
stated as a general truth, that any individual 
knows better what is suited to him than any 
other party possibly can, and the wisest course 
to pursue is to do as Mr. E. N. Small does, and 
stand prepared to furnish customers either 
with Custom or Ready-made Clothing, as they 
may choose. Mr. Small was born in West Ver- 
non, and begun operations in his present line 
of busines in 1876. He occupies one floor of 
the dimensions of 25x7o feet, and has ample fa- 
cilities at hand to accomodate his customers in 
the best possible manner and without delay, 
employing eight assistants, and positively 
guaranteeing that every garment leaving his 
hands shall prove as represented. Under these 
cirumstances it is hardly necessary to add that 
Mr. Small's business is thriving and that his 
list of both old and new customers is con- 
stantly increasing. He is connected with both 
the Free Masons and the Odd Fellows and is 
also a member of the Grand Army, having 
formerly served as Orderly Sergeant in Co. A., 
of the 16th Maine, and afterward as a com- 
missioned officer in the Cavalry. He was 
present at Gettysburg and Fredericksburg, 
and certainly has no reason to be ashamed of 
his record. We heartily commend his enter- 
prise for we know that its management is char- 
acterized by honesty and fair dealing. 

D, Gallert, Dealer in Dry Goods, Main St., 
Waterville. There is no use in trying to carry 
on a Dry Goods Store nowadays so as to supply 
the best of goods at the lowest market rates, 
unless considerable experience has been had in 
this line of trade, for the competition is so keen 
that the margin between profit and loss in the 
sale of Dry Goods is very narrow indeed. 
Those who have have had dealings with Mr. 
D. Gallert at his establishment on Main Street, 
will fully agree with us when we say that he 
offers baigains in many lines that it would be 
hard to find equalled elsewhere, and in his case 
we have a good example of what experience 
can do, for he has been engaged in his present 
enterprise for a quarter of a century, having in- 
augurated it in 1862. He is a native of Prussia, 
and a member of the Free Masons, and the es- 
tablishment occupied by him comprises two 
floors of the dimensions of 25x75 feet. The 
stock on hand is so varied and extensive that 
it is impossible to give any adequate description 
of it here, and we can only advise our readers to 
call and see for themselves, as the assortment 
is not only extensive but is offered at prices 
that cannot fail to be appreciated by all careful 
buyers. Both Fancy and Staple articles are 
handled, and five assistants are at hand to give 
customers that prompt and polite attention for 
which Mr. Gallert's establishment has long! 
been noted. 

George W. Dorr, Druggist and Apothe- 
cary, also a full line of Fancy Goods, Cigars,, 
etc.. Main Street, Waterville. An establish- 
ment which contributes its full share to the 
mercantile activity of Waterville is the Drug 
Store of Dr. G. W. Dorr, which is located on 
Main Street. This house was founded by Dr. 
Dorr in 1850. As a Druggist and Chemist of 
experience and practical knowledge he is main- 
taining a first-class position in the profession, 
and holds the esteem and confidence of the en- 
tire community. His handsomely appointed 
store is well stocked with pure and fresh Drugs, 
all the standard Proprietary Medicines, and the 
best Chemicals, as well as Perfumery, fine Soaps 
and other Toilet Articles. The Prescription De- 
partment is under the trustworthy management 
of the proprietor and two assistants, who care- 
fully and conscientiously prepare physicians' 
prescriptions and family recipes at all hours, 
using only pure drugs, and allowing no substi- 
tution in compounding the same. The store 
covers an area of 20x60 feet, and has ample ac- 
commodations for transacting the large and 
prosperous retail business. The most desirable 
inducements are oifered to the public, both in 
excellence of goods and economy of prices. 
Dr. Dorr is a native of Augusta, and a member 
of the Free Masons, and has the requisite talent, 
training and good judgment to win the highest 
success as a thorough master of his profession. 
He also prepares the following specialties: pro- 
prietor of Dorr's Wild Cherry Bitters; Dorr's 
Fragrant Odozone for the Teeth ; Dorr's Com- 
pound Syrup of Tolu, Tar and Wild Cherry, for 
Coughs, etc.; Dorr's Instantaneous Cleanser, — 
knocks the spots out of all kinds of goods, and 
Dorr's Condition Powders. 

W. M. liincoln. Dealer in Groceries, Pro- 
visions and Meats, Main Street, Waterville. It 
is almost an invariable rule that in all centers 
of business, there are certain houses in each 
line of trade that stand pro-eminent, and have, 
by close attention to the wants of their cus- 
tomers, a thorough knowledge of the business 
and purchasing goods direct from first hands, 
built up a trade that goes ahead of that of many 
of their contemporaries. Such an establishment 
in Waterville is the Wholesale and Retail Gro- 
cery, Provision and Grain House of W. M. 
Lincoln. This house was founded in 1857, and 
has, for the past thirty-one years, been the 
center of a first-class trade, which both in ex- 
tent and quality has few, if any, successful 
rivals in Waterville. The premises occupied 
for the business are located on Main Street, and 
comprise two floors, each 40x60 feet in dimen- 
sions, with an additional outside storehouse. 
At the store will be found a full and choice as- 
sortment of Staple and Fancy Groceries, also 
Provisions and Meats, which embraces every- 
thing usually handled by a first-class house in 
this line of trade, and are guaranteed to be the 
best goods to be obtained in the market. Con- 
stant employment is given to two experienced 
clerks and all orders are promptly attended to. 
Mr. Lincoln is a native of Waterville and a 
member of the Free Masons. His high personal 
character is a sufficient guarantee of .the sub- 
stantial and reliable manner in which all busi- 
ness is transacted. 



F. A. Wing & Co., Commission Merchants 
and Wliolesale Dealers in Foreign and Domestic 
Fruit, Common Street, Waterville. Although 
it is very true that under certain circumstances 
even the most enterprising and liberal business 
methods will fail to bring about satisfactory 
results, still it is an undeniable fact that the 
prosperity of any community depends largely 
upon the character and energy of those carry- 
ing on mercantile operations within its bounda- 
ries. Taking this view of the subject, it is 
evident that the commission merchants of this 
country have done much to establish the repu- 
tation enjoyed by Americans in general for 
shrewdness, foresight, and tbe early adoption 
of the most improved methods, for there is no 
class in the mercantile community that is more 
distinguished for the possession of just these 
qualities than tbat mentioned. The house of 
F. A. Wing & Co.. located on Common Street, 
has only been before the public in its present 
form since 1SS7, but it has already built up a 
very thriving patronage, and maybe considered 
as having "come to stay," in good earnest. Mr. 
Wing was born in Fayette, Me., and is a mem- 
ber of the United Workmen. Foreign and Do- 
mestic Fruits of all kinds are very extensively 
handled at VVholesale, and the premises occu-. 
pied comprise one floor and a basement o# the 
dimensions of 40x65 feet, together with a spa- 
cious storehouse. The facilities enjoyed for the 
procuring and handling of the commodities 
dealt iu are of the very best, and no concern in 
this section is in a position to offer more favor- 
able terms to those who may favor it with an 
order. Superior advantages are also enjoyed in 
the line of Selling Goods on Commission, and 
those consigning articles to Messrs. F. A. Wing 
& Co. may depend on receiving prompt and sat- 
isfactory returns;. Much is already done in 
the commission line, and the business is as yet 
but imperfectly developed. 

Percy Loud, Dealer in Boots and Shoes, 
Main Street, Waterville. No two individuals 
are exactly alike in the matter of general ap- 
pearance, and when we come to particularize 
and compare details, we find even an increased 
dissimilarity. The consequence is, of course, 
that what may suit one vvill be far from suiting 
another; and so we find that if a large custom 
is to be had in any business relating to the sup- 
ply of articles of personal wear, for instance, a 
sufficiently large and varied stock must be 
carried to supply widely varying tastes. It is 
probably owing to his appreciation of this truth 
that one of our Boot and Shoe merchants, Mr. 
Percy Loud, has met with such gratifying suc- 
cess, for at his establishment, located on Main 
Street, may be seen about every imaginable 
style and kiud of footwear, both for the house 
and street use. This gentleman, who is a native 
of Massachusetts, began his business operations 
in Waterville iu 1872, and during the sixteen 
years he has been before the public, he has 
established a reputation for furnishing reliable 
goods at low prices. The premises comprise a 
store and basement, each 20x55 feet in dimen- 
sions, so that it will seen that there is ample 
space to accommodate the large retail trade en- 
joyed. The general prices of this establishment 
will be found as low as is compatible with the 
best of stock and workmanship. 

O. E. Emerson. Dealer in New and Second- 
Hand Stoves, Furniture, Crockery Ware, Tin 
Ware, etc., 21 Main Street, Waterville. There 
can be but very few of the many keeping house 
in Waterville, that have not heard of the estab- 
lishment conducted by Mr. O. E. Emerson at 
No. 21 Main Street, for this gentleman began 
business in 1867, and has dealt in House Fur- 
nishing Goods so long and offered so many at- 
tractive inducements in the purchase of such, 
that his customers are now numbered by the 
thousands, and are to be found throughout Wa- 
terville and its vicinity. Mr. Emerson was bora 
in Bangor, and is a member of the Free Masons. 
The premises utilized by him comprise four 
floors of the dimensions of 2.ix70 feet, and two 
floors measuring 25x40 feet, an immense stock 
being carried of New and Second-Hand Stoves, 
Furniture, Crockery Ware, Tin Ware, etc. This 
stock has been selected with all the intelligent 
judgment that an experience of about twenty- 
one years allows Mr. Emerson to exercise, and 
both as regards variety and completeness it 
would be difficult to improve upon it. Stoves 
of every approved pattern and of all capacities 
for cooking or heating. New and Second-Hand, 
are offered at prices that are bound to attract 
attention, while in the line of Furniture an as- 
sortment is shown that embraces all grades and 
kinds of articles, and includes those designed 
for kitchen, dining room, parlor or bed-chamber. 
Some very decided bargains are to be had in 
this department, and also that devoted to the 
sale of Crockery Ware, while in the way of Tin 
Ware there is to be had all of the one hundred 
and one articles required in modern housekeep- 
ing at bottom prices. Three courteous assis- 
tants are employed and customers given prompt 
and polite attention. 

Edwin Towne, Dealer in Flour, Tea, Cof- 
fee and Spices, No. 17 Main Street, Waterville. 
An accommodating spirit and a determination 
to do the fair thing in every transaction are 
very powerful aids to success in any business 
enterprise, and they have not failed to exercise 
their usual effect in the case of Mr. Edwin 
Towne who begun operations in Waterville in 
1880. At his store. No. 17 Main Street. Mr. 
Towne carries on a thriving trade in Groceries 
and Provisions, and has many regular custom- 
ers who have tested by years of experience the 
genuineness of the bargains and the uniform 
excellence of the goods he has to offer. He is 
a native of Wiuslow, and a member of the Free 
Masons; also a member of A. O. U. W., and is 
widely known in the community as an enter- 
prising and reputable merchant who neglects 
no honorable means to extend his business 
operations. Mr Towne claims to have the best 
line of Flour. Tea, Coffee and Spices in the 
place, and certainly the assortment he exhibits 
of these goods is admirable not only for its 
completeness but also for the standard charac- 
ter of the articles composing it. The premises 
utilized comprise one floor and a basement, 
and measure 22x80 feet, and everything is so 
arranged as to permit of the prompt and accu- 
rate filling of all orders. ''Edwin Towne's 
Best American Soap" is very extensively han- 
dled at this establishment, and those who want 
a superior soap at a low price should give it a 
careful trial. 



liCarned & Brown, Plumbers and Steam 
Fitters, Dealers in all kinds of Plumbing and 
Steam Fitters' Supplies, 27 Main St., opposite 
Post-office, Waterville. The importance of hav- 
ing such work as Steam and Gas Fitting done 
by experienced and skillful hands only, would 
seem to be sufficiently obvious to need no par- 
ticular mention were it not for the fact that 
hardly a day passes but what news is circulated 
of some accident happening, owing to steam or 
gas piping being improperly done. Now there 
is no necessity for such occurrences, as there 
are concerns that are possessed of both the ex- 
perience and the ability to fill all orders for 
Piping and Plumbing in a thoroughly satisfac- 
tory and durable manner, and one of the best- 
known and oldest-established of these is that of 
Learned & Brown, doing business at No. 27 
Main Street; also branch on Bridge Street, Fair- 
field, under the superintendence of John Green. 
The enterprises cairied on by this firm were in- 
augurated in 1865, and has for many years occu- 
pied a leading position among similar undertak- 
ings in this section. Mr. Learned is a native of 
Winslow, Me., and Mr. Brown was born in Bos- 
ton. The premises utilized are 25x60 feet in 
dimensions, and a large stock is carried of Steam, 
Gas and Water Pipes and Fittings of every de- 
scription, these goods being sold at bottom 
prices and guaranteed to be of standard quality 
in every respect. Orders for Piping and Plumb- 
ing will be given prompt and careful attention 
at all times, and as three efficient assistants are 
employed, and the most improved tools and ap- 
pliances at hand, the most difficult jobs can be 
undertaken with a guarantee of complete satis- 
faction. Mr. Learned belongs to the Masons, 
and Mr. Brown belongs to the Odd Fellows. 

C. Shorey & Co., Livery and Boarding 
Stable, rear of Corn*er Market on Temple St., 
Waterville. It would be a shame indeed, if 
there were no way by which strangers in town, 
or others not owning horses could not take ad- 
vantage of the many beautiful drives in the 
vicinity of Waterville, but fortunately abundant 
opportunity is offered to enjoy the drives men- 
tioned, as one of the best equipped Livery 
Stables in this section of the State is carried on 
by Messrs. C. Shorey & Co., in the rear of the 
Corner Market on Temple Street, where two 
floors are utilized of the respective dimensions 
of 40x70 and 20x80 feet. This enterprise was 
inaugurated in 1886 by Mr. C. Shorey, who be- 
came associated a year later with Mr. L. ^V. Rol- 
lins under the present firm-name. Both these 
gentlemen are natives of Albion and members 
of the Free Masons, and they both endeavor to 
serve the public in the best possible manner. 
As a consequence, their establishment is a very 
popular one, and we can unreservedly commend 
it to our readers, for we know that all patrons 
are assured courteous treatment, and that the 
teams furnished are neat, stylish and satisfac- 
tory in every respect. Horses will be taken to 
board and given the best of care and accommo- 
dations, and any special directions given will be 
conscientiously observed. The prices are ex- 
tremely reasonable, and no one entering into 
business relations with this firm will have 
reason to regret it. 

The Waterville Grist Mill, which has 
been run since May 1, 1888, by Mr. W. S. B. 
Runnels, has been thoroughly repaired and en- 
larged, and an addition of one "run" of stone 
has been made by him, also a machine for 
cleansing grain before ground, so that now the 
already well-earned reputation of this establish- 
ment will be enhanced under the management 
of Mr. Runnels. It is very evident to all who 
will take time to observe the bustle and other 
signs of activity about the premises, and it is 
a pleasant and agreeable task for us to chron- 
icle this success, for the reason that it has been 
brought about by purely legitimate means, and 
has been won by hard, earnest and intelligent 
work. The new proprietor, Mr. Runnels, was 
born in Vassalboro, and is a member of the 
Ancient Order of United Workmen, also of the 
Masonic Order. The establishment of which 
he is proprietor occupies two floors of the 
dimensions of 85x80 feet, and is equipped with 
new machinery which is now run by water 
power. Both a wholesale and retail business 
is done, and Flour, Corn, Meal and Feed are 
sold in quantities to suit at positively the lowest 
market rates. That Flour, Meal, etc., are much 
more valuable and nutritious in a perfectly 
fresh condition than when they have been cai'- 
ried#n stock for weeks and months is known to 
all, and one of the reasons of the popularity of 
this establishment is to be found in the fact 
that being a manufacturer, he is able to furnish 
these indispensable commodities fresh ground. 
A heavy trade is also carried on in building 
materials, such as Lime, Cement, Plaster, etc., 
only standard articles being handled, while 
Salt, Hay and Straw are very extensively dealt 
in and carried in stock at all times. Prompt 
and courteous attention is given to customers 
by Mr. Runnels or his two efficient assistants, 
and bottom rates are named on every article. 

Geo. F. Davies, Carriage and Sign Paint- 
er. First-Class Repair Shops Connected. Sav- 
age's Hall, Mechanic Square, Waterville. Among 
the successful business enterprises in Water- 
ville, the Carriage and Sign Painting establish- 
ment of Mr. George F. Davies, occupies a prom- 
inent position in this line. He commenced 
business in Waterville in 1884, and has, through 
his native ability, energy and perseverance, 
built up his present desirable business. The 
premises utilized are located in Savage's Hall, 
Mechanic Square, and are equipped with every 
facility for the execution of Carriage, Sign and 
Ornamental Painting. Mr. Davies is also pre- 
pared to do Repairing in this line and has a 
first-class Repair Shop in connection with his 
other premises. He is doing a flourishing busi- 
ness in his different branches, and guarantees 
satisfaction to every patron. Mr. Davies is 
thoronghly conversant with all the details of 
his business, having been engaged for eleven 
years in Augusta, Me., in the same line of oper- 
ations. Mr. Davies is a native of Sidney, Me., 
and belongs to the Masonic Order and the 
Knights of Pythias. He is prompt and reliable 
in all his engagements, and has, through these 
important qualifications, laid the foundation for 
a prosperous and enviable business career in 
this vicinity in the near future. Mr. Davies is 
a gentleman well-known and highly respected 
in social and business circles of this community. 



C G. Carleton, Photographer, 66 Main 
Street, Waterville. Probably iu no branch of 
the arts have more improvements been made 
during recent years than in that of photography ; 
and the avidity with which the inventions of 
late days have been availed of by the profes- 
sion, is a convincing proof of the spirit of en- 
terpise which has been a distinguishing feature 
of those concerned in the business. Mr. C. G. 
Oarleton has been established here since 1862, 


as a Photographic Artist, and has a long and 
practical experience. His Studio is located at 
''oQ Main Street, and comprises Reception and 
Operating Rooms, covering an area of 25x100 
feet, which is considered one of the finest and 
largest in the city. Mr. Cai leton is an example 
of a painstaking, thorough artist. A visit to 
his Studio will amply rep.iy the lover of the 
beautiful and artistic. Mr. Carleton is a native 
Whitefleld, N. H. ; well-known in social as well 
as business circles of this community, being a 
member of the Free Masons. He has achieved 
most honorable distinction as one of the finest 
and best-known Photographic Artists of this 

S. A. Dickin.son, Harness Manufacturer 
and Dealer in Whips, Robes, Blankets, Bells, 
Trunks, Valises, etc., etc. Rubber Boots for 
Wagons. Horse Cov- 
ers, etc., cor. Temple 
and Main Sts., Water- 
ville. The only way 
to make a good and £ 
satisfactory Harness is 

ductions. Using strong and standard material, 
and paying strict attention to every detail of 
the manufacture, Mr. Dickinson is enabled to 
fully guarantee that his Harnesses shall stand 
every proper test to which they may be sub- 
jected, while he supplies them at the lowest mar- 
ket rates. Mi-. Dickinson is a native of VViscasset, 
Me., and has been engaged in the Harness busi- 
ness about sixteen years ; his father being in 
the same business in Wiscasset for twenty 
years. Therefore he is thoroughly conversant 
with every detail of the business, and warrants 
his goods to stand hard and constant usage. 

J. H. Wood, Dealer in Jewelry, Watches, 
and Silver Ware, Main St., Waterville. Among 
the many prominent concerns engaged in this 
line of business is that of Mr, J. H. Wood. 
This house was established by Mr. Wood in 
18H2, and since that date he has achieved grat- 
ifying success, and is now the proprietor of the 
attractive establishment located on Main Street. 
This establishment comprises a store 1.5x.iOfeet 
in dimensions. Here can be found a stock of 
Jewelry, Watches and Silver Ware of the finest 
workmanship and most artistic design and fin- 
ish, and everything in the Jewelry line that is 
to be found in a first-class and thoroughly- 
equipped establishment of this kind. Mr.VVood 
is a native of this State, and is a prominent 
member of the Free Masons. He is an enter- 
prising and reliable business man, well-known 
throughout the community as he has been so 
long engaged in this business and so well 
known to the trade. We are not called upon 
to make any pei'soual comments. In general 
regard his house is one with which it is desir- 
able to maintain business relations. 

to combine thorough 
workmanship with the 
best of materials, and 
he who attempts to do 

business on any other basis is sure to produce 
an inferior article. This seems sufficiently ob- 
vious to be understood by all, but nevertheless, 
many of the Harnesses on the market are by no 
means what they should be, being made more 
to sell than to use ; and therefore we believe 
it will be of value to such of our readers as may 
have occasion to purchase a Harness, to know 
where the same may be obtained, made in such 
a manner that satisfaction can be guarranteed. 
We have reference to the establishment con- 
ducted by Mr. S. A. Dickinson, at the corner of 
Temple and Mnin Streets, for this gentleman 
has attained a reputation for careful and dur- 
able work, that will be found to be fully de- 
served by those who may make trial of his pro- 

Li. H. Soper, Dry Goods, 54 Main Street, 
Waterville. It is to the fair sex that the dealer 
in Dry Goods looks for the bulk of his patron- 
age, and as this is the case, it is evident that 
among the ladies can the popularity of an es- 
tablishment of this kind be best ascertained. 
Abiding by the verdict there obtained, we have 
no hesitation in according a prominent position 
to the enterprise carried on by Mr. L. H. Soper, 
at 54 Main Street; for this undertaking must be 
well worthy of patronage or it would never re- 
ceive the many warm commendations we have 
heard bestowed upon it. Mr. Soper was born 
in Oldtown, and begun operations here in 1877. 
The premises utilized by him consist of two 
floors, measuring 25x75 feet and fully occupied 
with a heavy and skillfully selected stock of 
Dry Goods of standard quality, embracing 
many of the latest and most fashionable novel- 
ties of the day. In the line of Dress Goods 
alone, such decided inducements are offered as 
to more than repay the trouble of a visit, and 
we need not remind those who have had deal- 
ings with Mr. Soper, that every article leaving 
his store is sure to prove just as represented. 
Employing six efficient and always courteous 
assistants, he is able to assure all callers quick 
and polite attention, and, as is well known, 
makes it a point to allow no one to undersell 
him, the quality and style of the goods offered 
being taken into consideration. 



Colby University, President, Rev, G. D. 
B. Pepper, College Street, Waterville. From 
the landing of the Puritans up to the present 
day, New England has always provided the best 
possible educational facilities, and the wisdom 
of this course, even from a strictly utilitarian 
point of view, has been the theme of many an 
orator and writer. The mentfil training acquired 
in our schools and colleges has done much to 
enable New Englanders to deserve the reputa- 
tion for culture, enterprise and progressive ideas 
that they hold throughout the civilized world, 
and the idea that education unfitted a man to 
engage in the struggles and combats of mer- 
cantile life has long since been abandoned by 
all save a few determined enemies to progress 
of any kind. One of Waterville's most popular 
institutions, and one whose influence is much 
more powerful and far-reaching than many 
people suppose, is that known as Colby Univer- 
sity, located on College Street. This was char- 
tered in 1820, and was known as the "Water- 
ville College " for many years, assuming its 
present title in 1867. The President, Reverend 
G. D. B. Pepper, d.d., ll. d , ranks with the 
best-known and most successful educators in 
the country, and those who have the advantages 
derived from the training received at the estab- 
lishment under his charge have reason to con- 
gratulate themselves on the perfection of their 
equipment. We might present a long list of 
distinguished graduates of Colby University, 
but refrain from doing so, as however interest- 
ing such a list might be, it might convey a 
wrong idea of the aims of the institution. Its 

management conscientiously endeavor to fit the 
pupils under their charge for tlie all-important 
duties of American citizenship, and however 
gratified they may be when some of their stu- 
dents attain distinction, they find their best 
reward in the thought that the educated, earnest who graduate from the University cannot 
fail to exert a proiiouned influence in the happy 
settlement of the many important questions 
now crowding upon us as a people. There are 
eight buildings occupied and about one hundred 
and twenty students are in attendance. We would 
like to give a detailed description of the vari- 
ous departments of the University, but space 
forbids and we will simply state that every pro- 
vision is made for careful and thorough instruc- 
tion, and the health of the pupils is zealously 

George Jewell, Proprietor Elmwood Hotel 
and Silver Street Livery, Hack and Boarding 
Stables, Waterville. There is no disputing the 
fact that the "Elmwood" Liveiy, Hack and 
Boarding Stables occupy a leading position 
among similar establishments of the kind in 
Waterville; and it is perfectly natural that such 
should be the case, for their proprietor is one 
of the most experienced stable-keepers in the 
State and spares no expense to afford his cus- 
tomers every accommodation. The enterprise 
under his charge was inaugurated in 1858, and 
we are happy to say that never before in its 
history did its future look more prosperous, 
and never before was Captain Jewell better 
prepared to serve his patrons in a thoroughly 



first-class and satisfactory manner. He is a 
native of Waterville and a member of the Free 
Masons, also Odd Fellows and is one of the 
representative men of this community, havinjj 
a very large circle of friends and being very 
popular both socially and in a business way. 
The "Elmwood" Stables, are located at the 
Elmwood Hotel and on Silver St., and are the 
most extensive as well as the best appointed in 
Waterville, employment being given to ten as- 
sistants. Captain Jewell gives personal atten- 
tion to the Letting and Boarding of horses and 
is consequently enabled to guarantee prompt 
attention and efficient service to such as may 
favor him with their patronage. His establish- 
ments are well supplied with horses, carriages, 
etc., intended for letting purposes, so that the 
large livery trade carried on can be fully accom- 
modated, and we can assure those who have 
not yet made trial of Captain Jewell's facilities 
that they are equal to the best and are in fact 
far superior to those of the average livery 
stable, while his prices are low and equitable. 
Hacks will be furnished for all public occasions 
such as Funerals, Weddings, Parties, etc., and 
commodious and easy-riding barges together 
with experienced and careful drivers, will be 
supplied to large excursion parties, etc. All of 
the horses, vehicles, harnesses, etc., used in the 
Elmwood stables are kept in first-class condi- 
tion, and as a consequence the most fastidious 
customers can find no reasonable ground for 

V. J. Goodridgre, Manufacturing Jeweler 
and Dealer in Watches, Clocks, Jewelry and 
Silver Ware; also Diamonds and Optical Goods, 
Main Street, Waterville. Among Waterville 
establishments which have great and deserved 
popularity, that of Mr. F. J. Goodridge, located 
on Main Street, deserves prominent mention, 
for although this enterprise was only inaugu- 
rated in 1880, it has long since gained the full 
confidence of the public. Mr. Goodridge, who 
is a native of Dexter, and a member of the 
Knights of Pythias, is a Manufacturing Jeweler 
and Dealer in Watches, Clocks, Jewelry and Sil- 
ver Ware, and being thoroughly acquainted with 
the practical details of the manufacture of jew- 
elry and similar articles, he is able to intelli- 
gently recommend to his customers such goods 
as he deems adapted to their use. By liberal 
and strictly honorable dealing, he has gained 
the entire confidence of those who have done 
business with him, and everything coming from 
his store may be implicitly depended upon in 
every respect. One floor, 24x0.5 feet in size, is 
occupied, and the assortment of goods shown is 
noteworthy both on account of its extent and 
its completeness. Watches in Gold and Silver 
cases are offered in great variety, at bottom 
prices, and Mr. Goodridge is prepared to furnish 
a perfectly reliable time-piece at an extremely 
low figure. In Clocks also, some surprising in- 
ducements are extended, and in the line of Sil- 
ver Ware he shows the latest productions of the 
most popular manufacturers. Diamonds and 
Optical Goods are given jjarticular attention, 
and Mr, Goodridge has some beautiful brilliants 
in stock, set in the most fashionable manner 
and offered at prices as low as can possibly be 

LfOW Brothers, Star Laundry, Main Street, 
Waterville. New England people as a general 
thing are rather conservative, and are not given 
to making changes without some good reason 
exists for doing so; but on the other hand, they 
are quick to recognize genuine merit, and hence 
may be depended upon to patronize any really 
worthy enterprise to which their attention may 
be called. As a case in point, let us refer to the 
high degree of .success attained by the popular 
"Star Laundry," of which Messrs. Low Brothers 
are the proprietors, located on Main Street. 
This enterprise was inaugurated in 1885, and 
some little time elapsed before any considerable 
amount of business was done, but as soon as 
the fine character of the work turned out be- 
came known, and it was learned that the prices 
were as reasonable as the work was satisfactory, 
a large patronage was accorded the firm, and 
this has steadily and rapidly increased up to 
the present time. Both mpmbers of the firm 
are natives of Belfast, and to both must due 
credit be given for the establishment of an in- 
dirstry so useful to the community, for both 
have worked hard and earnestly to keep all 
promises made, and to thoroughly cleanse the 
finest fabrics without injuring them in the 
slightest degree. The public has long since 
discovered that the cock and bull stories circu- 
lated by certain interested parties, calculated to 
convey the impression that goods intrusted to 
a public laundry would be soon destroyed, were 
entirely unworthy of credence, for however it 
may be with other concerns, the Star Laundry 
employs no agents or machines that could pos- 
sibly harm the articles treated by them. 

Lowell & Putnam, Manufacturers of 
Fine Havana and Domestic Cigars; Private 
Brands a Specialty. Dealers in Chewing and 
Smoking Tobaccoes, Pipes, Cigarettes, etc., etc., 
corner of Main and Common Streets, Water- 
ville. We know that smokers who are not yet 
acquainted with the establishment conducted 
by Messrs. Lowell & Putnam, at the corner of 
Main & Common Streets, will thank us for ad- 
vising them to make trial of some of the fine 
brands of Cigars and Tobacco there obtainable, 
for the firm mentioned is really offering some 
superior and exceptional inducements to users 
of Tobacco, and by so doing have already built 
up a very large trade, although business was 
not begun until 1887. Mr. Lowell is a native of 
Lewistou and Mr. Putnam of Lewiston, the 
former being an Odd Fellow and the latter a 
member of the Knights of Pythias. The store 
occupied measures 18x.35 feet, and contains a 
very extensive and intelligently selected stock 
of Chewing and Smoking Tobaccoes, Pipes. Cig- 
arettes and Smokers' Articles in general, to- 
gether with a magnificent assortment of Cigars 
made by this concern, and including articles 
made of the finest imported stock as well as 
those of choice domestic material. Messrs. 
Lowell & Putnam are able to quote very low 
prices on Cigars, as they save one profit by re- 
tailing their own goods, and depend more on 
the magnitude of their business than anything 
else to repay them. Customers are given 
courteous and prompt attention, and the list 
of regular patrons is already a large one. 



F. A. Robbins, Harness Maker and Uphol- 
sterer, Furniture, Sleif^lis and Carriages Uphol- 
stered. Harnesses made to order and kept 
constantly on hand. Head of Silver Street, 
Sign of the Big Whip, Waterville. Those who 
have made trial of the pro- 
ductions of Mr. F. A. Rob 
bins, doing business at the 
head of Silver St., (Sign oi 
the Big Whip) need no urg 
ing to patronize him in the 
future, for such uniformly 
excellent -work as he turns 
out is not so common as to 
excite no comment or ad- 
miration. Mr. Robbins is a 
native of Skowhegan, and i« 
connected with both the 
Odd Fellows and the Order 
of United Workmen, having 
carried on his present under- 
taking since 187C, and being 
among tbe best and most 
favorably known of the mer- 
chants of Waterville. He is 
extensively engaged in the 
manufacture of harnesses, 
and as he has always en- 
deavored to use only reliable 
material and put the best of 
work into such articles, it is 
not surprising that his repu- 
tation in this line of manu- 
facture is an unusually high 
one. A fine assortment of 
single and double harnesses 
is kept constantly on hand, 
and the facilities for the turning out of order 
work are such that these goods can be made to 
order at very short notice, when desired, and at 
the lowest market rates. Much is also done in 
in the Upholstering line, he carrying a full line 
of Upholstery Goods, and a specialty is made of 
the upholstering of Furniture, which is attended 
to in tlie most careful and artistic manner and 
all work warranted to be satisfactory. Mr. 
Robbins employs two skilled assistants and oc- 
cupies premises 22x4,5 feet in size. Fair dealing 
is assured to all customers and we can heartily 
recommend this establishment. 

W. E. Cbadwick, Dealer in Pianos, Or- 
gans and Sewing Machines, Main Street, Water- 
ville. A well-established and highly-regarded 
business enterprise in Waterville, is that con- 
ducted by W. E. Chadwick, at No. 37 Main St., 
for the sale of Pianos, Organs and Sewing 
Machines. Its inception was in 1884, and since 
that date the present proprietor has had sole 
control. As is well-known, it is particularly 
desirable when purchasing a Piano, Organ or 
Sewing Machine, to be sure that you will re- 
ceive honorable and liberal treatment, for 
certain unscrupulous manufacturers have pro- 
duced such close imitations, as regards appear- 
ance, etc., of standard and popular articles in 
this line, that no one who is not an expert in 
judging such goods can be assured that they 
will not be deceived. Mr. Chadwick is a grad- 
uate of Bryant & Stratton's Business College 
of Boston, and was, for a number of years 
after leaving that College, emp/oyed by the 

New England Organ Co., of Boston. The ex- 
perience which he had with this large house, 
together with that which he has had since, in 
business for himself in Waterville, has made 
him perfectly familiar with the almost endless 
varieties of Pianos, Organs and Sewing Ma- 
chines on the market at the present time, and 
one buying of him may rest assured that the 
purchase will prove strictly as represented in 
every respect. A large assortment is on hand 
to choose from and the lowest market rates 
prevail. Mr. Chadwick is a native of Water- 
ville and one of our best-known business men. 
He is a member of the Free Masons and Odd 

Henry A. Taber, Plumbing and Steam 
Heating. Agent for the Gorton Steam Heating 
Boiler. Water Street, Augusta; Branch Store 
on Temple Street, Waterville. The importance 
of the work done by the Plumber is so evident 
that even the least observing cannot fail to 
appreciate it, partially at all events; and it is on 
account of its importance that we feel sure that 
our readers will be interested in learning of a 
Plumbing Establishment which stands second 
to none in the character of the work done and 
the fair treatment extended to every customer. 
We refer to that conducted by Mr. Henry A. 
Taber, on Water Street, Augusta, and Temple 

Street, Waterville. We feel confident that the 
closest investigation and most careful trial will 
only serve to confirm the go'id opinion which 
we hold of the enterprise. It was established 
in Augusta in 1878, and in Waterville in 1887. 
A fine stock is carried of Plumbing Materials 
of all kinds, which are offered at the lowest 
market rates. Mr. Taber is most excellently 
prepared to fill all orders with the least pos- 
sible delay, for he gives employment to eight 
skilled and experienced assistants, and has 
every facility at hand to aid him in turning out 
the best of work. He gives close personal at- 
tention to the many details of his business, be- 
ing a practical Plumber himself, and the result 
of his endeavors to please his customers is to 
be seen in the trade carried on, which is already 
extensive and is steadily increasing. 



G. S. Flood & Co., Shippers and Dealers 
in all kinds of Anthracite and Bituminous Coal, 
Wood, Lime, Cement, Hair, Pressed Hay, Straw 
and Drain Pipe. Coal Yards and Office, corner 
Main and Pleasant Streets ; Down-Town Office, 
Marston Block, Waterville. The residents of 
Waterville are to be congratulated on having so 
enterprising and honorable a house of which to 
procure their supplies of coal, etc., as is that 
conducted by Messrs. G. S. Flood & Co., having 
their yards and up-town office at the corner of 
Main and Pleasant Sts., and also maintaining a 
down-town office in Marston Block. This en- 
terprise was started by Mr. E. C. Low in 1875, 
and passed under the control of Mr. G. S. Flood 
a year later. The present firm was formed in 
1882, and has met with great success in its 
efforts to extend and develop the trade now en- 
joyed. Mr. G. S. Flood is a native of Clinton, 
and both he and his associates in business are 
vei'y widely known throughout this section. 
The coal yards of the firm cover about an acre 
and a quarter of land, and eight buildings are 
utilized in the carrying on of the business, em- 
ployment being given to ten competent hands. 
Anthracite and Bituminous Coal of all kinds 
are handled very largely, both at wholesale and 
retail, and the relations had with producers are 
such that customers of this firm are assured the 
lowest market rates, whether large or small 
quantities are ordered. Prompt delivery is an- 
other popular feature of the management of 
the business, and no pains are spared to insure 
satisfaction. Wood, Lime. Cement, Hair, Straw, 
Pressed Hay, and Drain Pipe are also dealt in 
in quantities to suit, and fair dealing and cour- 
teous treatment may be confidently expected 
by all doing business with this popular concern 

J. G. Darrab, Crockery and Glassware, 
General Variety. Main Street, Waterville. It 
is very nearly a score of years since the enter- 
prise conducted by Mr. J. G. Darrah on Main 
Street, was inaugurated, and as may be sup- 
posed from the fact that " experience teaches" 
he is now better prepared than ever to supply 
the public with anything in his line at the most 
satisfactory prices, and when we speak of 
" anything in his line," we are aware that we 
are covering a wide ground, for Mr. Darrah 
handles a general variety of goods, besides giv- 
ing particular attention to the sale of Crockery 
and Glassware. Two floors are occupied, of the 
dimensions of 30x45 feet and the stock carried 
is a very heavy one, comprising every staple 
article in the commodities handled as well as 
many of the latest and most fashionable novel- 
ties. Mr. Darrah is a native of Richmond, and 
is connected with the Knights of Pythias. He 
gives employment to three assistants, who will 
be found courteous and well informed, and 
strives to give every customer, not only per- 
fectly fair and equitable treatment but also 
prompt and painstaking attention. A large 
business has been built up by the steady em- 
ployment of such methods, and as Mr. Darrah's 
prices are always as low as the lowest while his 
goods are uniformly reliable, his trade is sure 
to grow as long as he serves the public so faith- 
fully and intelligently. Mr. Darrah has also a 
branch store on the old Post Office Stand with 
the largest stock of Fancy Goods in the State. 

F. M. Hanson, Livery and Boarding Stable, 
Silver Street, Waterville. The establishment 
conducted by Mr. F. M. Hanson, on Silver St., 
and popularly known as a First-Class Stable, 
was founded by him in 1882, and is one of the 
best public Stables in Waterville. The prem- 
ises utilized measure 90x23 feet, and comprise 
two floors, there being a number of stalls and 
accomodations for several Carriages. Mr. Han- 
son employs only competent and reliable assist- 
ants, and spares no pains to keep at the "top of 
the heap," as regards the accomodations he 
offers his customers. He does not proceed on 
the principle that apparently actuates many 
stable-keepers — giving the least possible service 
for the greatest possible sum — but on the con- 
trary, realizes that the same laws that govern 
success in any other legitimate business are 
applicable to his own, and that a satisfied pat- 
ron is not only apt to come again, but to induce 
one or more friends to follow his example. As 
a consequence, Mr. Hanson's business is an 
increasing one, and those favoring him with an 
order may depend upon its being promptly and 
satisfactorily filled. Those wishing to board 
their horses will find this Stable to possess every 
facility requisite for the good care and comfort 
of horses, and would do well to give it a trial. 
Mr. Hanson is a native of So. Windham, Me., 
and a highly respected resident of Waterville. 
He makes his charges as low as the proper 
maintenance of his plant will permit, and they 
will bear comparison with those asked for far 
inferior accomodations. 

S. S. Vose & Son, Photographers, Main 
Street, Waterville. Although it is unquestion- 
ably coi-rect to speak of Photographs as " sun- 
pictures," and to say that they are produced by 
the action of light upon a surface made sensi- 
tive by proper treatment, still the sun does not 
do everything by any means, for if it did there 
would be no good photographers and no bad ones 
and one man possessed of the necessary appa- 
ratus could do just as good work as another. 
This we know is not the case, and it is there- 
fore evident that human taste and skill enter 
largely into the bringing about of satisfactory 
results, and that to procure a good picture one 
must patronize a competent artist. Since 
Messrs. S. S. Vose & Son began operations here, 
in ISSU, they have often proved their ability to 
turn out portraits equal to the best, and we 
have no hesitation in advising any of our read- 
ers who may desire a faithful and life-like rep- 
resentation of themselves or of a friend to give 
this popular concern a trial. It is made up of 
Mr. S. S. Vose, a native of Cape Cod and a mem- 
ber of the Odd Fellows, and Mr. E. A. Vose, 
who was born in Turner and is connected with 
the Knights of Pythias. The former gentleman 
is also a member of the Grand Army; and as a 
private in Co. I, of the IGth Maine, he fought in 
the great Rebellion, was taken prisoner at the 
Battle of Gettysburg, and only released after 
IG months and 20 days of captivity. The prem- 
ises occupied as a studio, reception room, etc., 
comprise two floors, of the dimensions of 20x60 
feet, and are conveniently fitted up for the com- 
fort of patrons and the doing of the best work. 
Sittings will be given until satisfaction is at- 
tained, and very low prices are quoted on all 
classes of work. 



C. A. HUl, Livery, Boarding and Sale 
Stable, Main Street, Waterville. Although the 
day of stages has passed away, the demand for 
the Livery Business lias only increased with 
advancing wealth and retinement, and the first- 
class Livery Stable is now, as much as ever, and 
it will continue to be, a practical necessity in 
every cultivated community. The Livery Busi- 
ness of Mr. C. A. Hill of this place, was estab- 
lished here in 1872, and has continued unin- 
terruptedly since then to meet all demands 
upon its services in the most prompt, courteous 
and satistactory manner, being without a 
superior in this vicinity, and ranking with the 
best city stables. The line Stable now occupied 
and used, is located on Main Street, and covers 
an area ol oUxGO feet, and is fitted up and stocked 
in the most appropriate style. Horses and 
Carriages are kept constantly in readiness, and 
the most satisfactory and agreeable arrange- 
ment can be made at any time for any of the 
requirements of a first-class Livery Stable. The 
public will also find the best opportunities here 
for boarding and the sale of horses. The ad- 
vantages of this stable and the liberal and re- 
liable methods of its able proprietor are too 
well known to the residents of Waterville to 
need any commendation. Mr. Hill is a native 
of Skowhegan, a member of the Odd Fellows, 
and is universally awarded a place among our 
most honorable and representative citizens. 

Fred. Pooler, Dealer in Groceries, Water 
Street, Waterville. In compiling the various 
industries of Wateiville, the Eetail Grocery 
trade assumes a decided importance. Among 
those who supply fresh groceries is the house 
of Mr. Fred. Fooler. His store is located on 
Water Street, and is well stocked with choice 
Staple and Fancy Groceries of every descrip- 
tion. This business was established by Mr. 
Pooler in 1863. having been under its present 
management for the past twenty-five years. 
The store is 23x65 feet in dimensions, and is ad- 
mirably arranged for the extensive business 
transacted. Courteous clerks are employed, 
who wait upon customers in a polite and atten- 
tive manner, and all goods are delivered promp- 
ly when desired. This is one of the oldest 
pstablishments in its line in Waterville. Mr. 
Pooler is a native of Waterville. He is well and 
favorably known throughout the community, 
and numbers his friends by the score; and his 
prices will be found as reasonable as any in 
town for the same quality of goods. 

mission prompt and painstaking attention. 
The enterprise conducted by Messrs. Spaulding 
& Kennison, was started in 1875 by Mr. S. D. 
Savage, but for a considerable time has been 
under the control of its present proprietors. 
Mr. Spaulding is a native of Waterville, while 
Mr. Kennison was born in Norridgewock; the 
latter gentleman being a member of the Knights 
of Pythias. One floor is occupied of the dimen- 
sions of 30x85 feet, and a full assortment of 
Paints and Painters' Materials is carried, thus 
enabling all orders to be filled without delay. 
The work done will be found to be both durable 
and elegant in appearance, while the lowest 
rates consistent with the employment of first- 
class materials are maintained. 

Spauldiiig- & Kennison, Carriage, House 
and Sign Painters, West Temple Street, Water- 
ville. House and Sign Painting and Ceiling 
Decoration, are three different trades, each re- 
quiring special practice and skill, and it is 
comparatively seldom that a concern is found 
that is prepared to execute orders in any or all 
of these lines at short notice, and with a guar- 
antee of satisfaction. Such, however, is the 
position held by Messrs. Spaulding iVs Kennison, 
doing business on West Temple Street; and we 
can assure any of our readers who may wish 
anything done in their line, that they cannot 
possibly do better than to favor the firm itUuded 
to with their orders, as every facility is at hand 
and skilled labor available to give every com- 

Waterville Water Company, Water- 
ville. The idea of Waterville without a water- 
supply is hardly consistent with the name of 
that thriving town, and we are happy to say 
there is a water-supply, and a most excellent 
one, too ; for since the Waterville Water Com- 
pany put in the present system in 1887, this 
town has no reason to fear comparison on this 
score with any of its neighbors. As a matter 
of fact, this is one of the largest systems in the 
State of Maine, as it supplies both Waterville 
and Fairfield through some twenty miles of ca- 
pacious cast-iron mains. It is a great conven- 
ience to manufacturers, of course, and is well 
appreciated by them, the immense car shops of 
the Maine Central Eailroad, for instance, being 
supplied by the Company ; but after all the best 
reason why its introduction should be a cause 
for rejoicing, is the powerful influence it will 
exert on the prevention of disease. One of the 
most celebrated physicians the world has ever 
seen has declared as the result of his life-expe- 
rience, that "dirt and disease are inseparable," 
and the dictates of common sense echo the 
sentiment. Without wholesome diinking wa- 
ter, no community can be healthful, for pure 
air, pure food and good habits, powerful as 
they are in warding off disease, are all of no 
avail when the system is being poisoned by the 
use of water containing organic and refuse 
matter. The surprising, but well-authenticated 
cases of chronic disease which have been 
brought about by the continuous use of certain 
mineral waters, are too well known to require 
detailed mention here, but it may not be gen- 
erally understood that the v