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Lebanon Valley College 

Summer School Bulletin 


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Annville, Pennsylvania 

Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2011 with funding from 

LYRASIS Members and Sloan Foundation 



June 10 --Registration 

June 11 Classes convene 

July 19 End of first six weeks, Examinations 

July 22 Registration of students entering for last six weeks 

August 29 - Final Examinations 

August 30 Commencement Exercises 

Students may register for the twelve weeks' Summer Session 
or for the first six weeks or the last six weeks onlv. 


Volume XXXIV April, 1946 Number 2 


Dr. P. A. Wallace, Editor; Publications Committee: P. A. W. Wallace, Mary E. 
Gillespie, A. H. M. Stonecipher. 

Published during the months of January, February, April, May, August, October, 
N'ovember, by Lebanon Valley College, Annville, Pa. Entered as second class matter 
it the Post Office at Annville, Pa., under the Act of Congress of August 24, 1912. 


Clyde A. Lynch, A.M., B.D., Ph.D., D.D., LL.D. 


Hiram H. Shenk, A.M., LL.D. 
Professor of History and Social Science 

Samuel H. Derickson, B.S., M.S., Sc.D. 
Professor of Biological Science 

Samuel O. Grimm, A.M., Sc.D. 
Registrar; Professor of Physics and Mathematics 

Andrew Bender. Ph.D. 

Professor of Chemistry 

Paul A. Wallace, Ph.D. 
Professor of English 

G. A. Richie, A.M., B.D., D.D. 
Professor of Bible and Greek 

Stella J. Stevenson, Ph.D. 
Professor of French and Spanish Language and Literature 

Lena Louise Lietzau, Ph.D. 
Professor of German 

V. Earl Light, Ph.D. 

Associate Professor of Biological Science 

George G. Struble, Ph.D. 
Associate Professor of English 

L. G. Bailey, Ph.D. 
Professor of Psychology 

Alvin H. M. Stonecipher, Ph.D. 
Dean and Acting Professor of Philosophy 

Edward P. Rutledge, M.A. 
Director of Musical Organizations 

D. Clark Carmean, M.A. 
Band and Orchestra Instruments and Director of Slimmer School 

Amos H. Black, Ph.D. 

Professor of Mathematics 

Clyde S. Stine, Ph.D. 
Professor of Education 

Frederic K. Miller 
Professor of History 




Lebanon Valley College will offer this summer a twelve weeks' sum- 
mer session to meet the needs of those who have returned from the armed 
services, and others, for an accelerated college course, and to meet ih? 
requirements for teacher certification. 

The twelve weeks' summer course will begin June 10 and close 
\ugust 30. This period will be divided into two sessions, the one 
running from June 10 to Julv 19, and the other from July 22 to Au- 
gust 30. Students wishing only six weeks of work may enroll for 
either the first or second session. 


Registration by mail in advance of the opening date of the session 
is urged. 


Credits will be issued to all students showing: the courses attended, 
grades, and number of semester hours credit. Courses taken during the 
Summer Session are credited towards the college degrees. One hundred 
and twenty-six semester hours of academic credits are required for the 
bachelor degrees. For complete information concerning the require- 
ments for degrees the candidate should refer to the college catalogue or 
write to the Registrar. 


A registration fee of $1.00 is charged each student. 

The tuition fee is $10.00 per semester hour credit. 

A laboratory fee is charged for Science courses. 

A library and activity fee of $2.00 will be charged and will be used 
for the library and for the promotion of student activities. 

The charge for rooms will be $3.00 per week and for board $9.00 per 

The college will not open the dining room unless there is a sufficient 

A deposit of $3.00 is payable to cover room and breakage. 

The fees are payable at the time of registration as a condition of 
admission to classes. 


Students wishing" room and board should notify the Director of the 
Summer School, so that suitable arrangements can be made in advance 
of registration. 

Each room in the Men's Dormitory is furnished with a chiffonier 
and book case, and for each occupant a cot, a mattress, one chair, and 
a study table. Students must provide their own bedding, rugs, towels, 
soap, and all other furnishings. 


Each room in the Women's Dormitories is furnished with a rug, 
bed, mattress, chair, dresser, book case, and study table. All other de- 
sired furnishings must be supplied by the student. 


Lebanon Valley College offers two courses of study leading to the 
Baccalaureate degree: 

(1) A course leading to the degree of Bachelor of Arts (A. B.) 

(2) A course leading to the degree of Bachelor of Science (B. S.) 
The total number of credits required of candidates for these degrees, 

is in each case, 126 semester hours of academic credits and 4 in physical 

Candidates for degrees must also obtain a minimum of 130 quality 
points, computed as follows: for a grade of A, 3 points for each credit 
hour; for a grade of B, 2 points for each credit hour; for a grade of C, 1 
point for each credit hour. No quality credit will be given for a grade 
of D. 

As part of this total requirement, every candidate must present at 
least 24 semester hours in one department (to be known as his Major), 
and at least 18 semester hours in another department (to be known as 
his Minor). Both Major and Minor must be selected not later than the 
beginning of the Junior year, the Minor to be suitably related to the 
Major, and chosen with the advice and approval of the Head of the 
Major department. Majors in education must have two Minors. 

The A. B. degree will be awarded to those fulfilling the requirements 
for a Major in the following departments: Bible and Religion, English, 
French, German, Gi'eek, History, Latin, Mathematics (Arts option), Po- 
litical Science and Sociology, Philosophy, and Psychology. The B. S. 
degree will be awarded to those fulfilling the requirements for a Major 
in the following departments: Biology, Chemistry, Mathematics (Science 
option), Physics, Business Administration and Economics, Education, and 
Music Education. 


Certain courses embodying the fundamentals of a liberal education 
are required of all students. These courses, which vary slightly accord- 
ing to the degree sought, are as follows: 

Bible 14 and 82 6 hours 

English 16 and 26 12 hours 

Foreign Language 1 

History 2 6 hours 

Hygiene and Orientation .„. 2 hours 

Mathematics 3 

Philosophy 32 __._ — _ 2 hours 

Physical Education .__. 4 hours 

Psychology 13 3 hours 

Science 4 

Social Studies — — 6 hours 

Economics 16 or Political Science 16 or 

Philosophy 23-A and 23-B or Sociology 13 and 23 

1 For the A.B. degree 12 hours of Foreign Language are required. 

For the B.S. degree 6 hours are required above the beginners' course. Courses 
may be selected from French, German, Greek, Latin, or Spanish. 

2 This may be mac'e up from the following courses: History 13, 123, 213, 23-A, 
23-B, 46, 412, 422, 43-B. 

3 Math. 13, 23, and 4S are required for the degree of B.S. in Science. Pre-Medicai 
students may substitute an elective for Math. 48. Students majoring' in Business Ad- 
ministration and Economics are required to take Math. 13 and 23 or 113 and 123. 

4 Biology IS, Chemistry IS, and Physics 18 are required of candidates for the 
B.S. degree with a major in Science. Others may elect one of the three. 

For explanation of the numbers see the college Bulletin. 



Through Summer Sessions, extension and evening classes, Lebanon 
Valley College is enabling many teachers and others to attend College 
courses and secure academic degrees who, for one reason or another, 
could not otherwise do so. By a careful selection of courses and consul- 
tation with the heads of departments in the college a student can meet 
the requirements of the college for a baccalaureate degree while contin- 
uing in his or her occupation. 


In addition to the General Requirements listed above some of the de- 
partments require students majoring therein to take certain additional 
courses in subjects closely related to the Major. 

Students outlining a course for a degree should communicate at once 
with the Head of the Department in which they intend to Major. 

Candidates for the Baccalaureate degree who desire to be admitted 
to advanced standing by virtue of work done in other institu.ions, should 
lose no time in having their credits evaluated by the Registrar, in order 
that they may be informed as to what requirements they must meet for 


As a pre-requisite to the granting of all degrees the candidate must 
have completed a minimum of 30 semester hours work in regularly con- 
ducted classes on the college campus. Teachers in service may meet this 
requirement by attending the Summer School and Friday and Saturday 
classes held during the year at the college. Credits earned in extension 
classes are not residence credits. 


Lebanon Valley College Summer Session offers recreation in the fol- 
lowing: Archery, Badminton, Hand Ball, Organized Hikes, Tennis and 
Volley Ball. Swimming facilities ai'e available within a short distance 
of the college, and at Hershey and Mt. Gre'.na. For those interested in 
Golf, Hershey has the finest public golf course and club house in the East. 

Various social affairs, such as picnics, teas, and trips to historical 
places, museums and industrial plants will be arranged under the aus- 
pices of the summer school. 


Annville, the home of Lebanon Valley College, is ideally situated on 
the Benjamin Franklin Highway, twenty miles east of Harrisburg. Mt. 
Gretna, nationally famous summer resort, lies but seven miles south. Her- 
shey, Pennsylvania's recreational center, is located seven miles west and 
is easily reached by bus, train or auto. Indiantown Gap is situated only 
about ten miles northwest of Annville. 




S14. Introduction to English Bible. An appreciative and historical 
survey of the literature of the Old and New Testaments. This is a re- 
quired course for all students proceeding to a degree. Two or four 
semester hours credit. 

S82. The Teaching of Jesus. This course attempts an intensive 
study of the religious concepts of Jesus as set forth in the Gospels. Re- 
quired of all proceeding to a college degree at Lebanon Valley College. 
Two semester hours credit. 


S18. General Biology. A course in the general principles of Bio- 
logy including the consideration of both plants and animals, their rela- 
tion to their environment and to each other, the principle of metabolism, 
growth, differentiation, adaptation, reproduction, evolution and human 

The summer period offers a distinct advantage for biological work 
in that much more of the work may be done in the natural habitat of the 
organisms under consideration. 

The work will require about six hours work per day and will be 
divided between the field, the laboratory or the class room as best meets 
the requirements of the material being studied. The laboratory fee is 
$16.00. Eight semester hours credit. 

S74. Biological Problems. This course is open to a limited number 
of students majoring in Biology who have made a distinguished record 
in their previous courses. It consists in working out problems assigned 
to them involving a practical application of various methods of tech- 
nique, originality of method and interpretation, and the development of 
the spirit of research. A weekly conference and report on the progress 
of the work will be required, and a detailed report including complete 
records of the work done must be presented before Summer School ex- 
aminations. Laboratory work with conferences. Credit hours and time 
adjusted to the problem assigned. 


S48. Organic Chemistry. Three hours lectures and recitations and 
six hours of laboratory work daily. The course includes a study of the 
sources, classification and type reactions of organic materials. It includes 
foodstuffs and their relation to nutrition, dyes, pharmaceuticals, explos- 
ives, coal tar intermediates and manufacturing processes. 

The laboratory work consists of about sixty experiments covering the 
Dreparation and study of a wide range of representative compounds. 
Prerequisite Chemistry 18. Laboratory fee is $24.00. Eight semester 
hours credit. 

This course will be offered during the first six weeks of the 
summer session. 



SI 6. Principles of Economics. A course dealing with the principles 
underlying the operation of the economic system. A study of production, 
value, distiibution and consumption. Three or six semester hours credit. 

S33. Money and Banking. This course deals with: the nature and 
functions of money; monetary standards and systems; monetary develop- 
ment in the United States; the National banking system; the structure 
and functions of the Federal Reserve System; commercial banking; 
credit and its uses; credit control; monetary policy and the business 
cycle; central banks; investment banking; savings banks; consumptive 
credit institutions; agricultural credit. Three semester hours credit. 

S36. Principles of Accounting. A course in accounting principles 
and their application in business to sole traders, partnerships, and cor- 
porations; books of original entry; operating accounts and balance 
sheets; the preparation of financial statements; columnar books; con- 
trolling accounts; elements of corporation accounting; branch house ac- 
counting; business papers. Six Semester hours credit. 

S73. Marketing. The course deals with methods and policies of the 
marketing of agricultural products and the merchandising of manufac- 
tured commodities; meaning and importance of marketing distribution; 
marketing functions; trade channels; development of marketing meth- 
ods; cooperative marketing; price policies; trade information; market 
analysis; merchandising costs and prices; an analysis of the merits and 
defects of the existing distributive organization. Three semester hours 

S113. Economic Geography. The course deals with: the field and 
function of Economic Geography, distribution of population, the earth, 
land forms, influence of soils, temperature, winds and ocean currents, 
climates of the world. Much of the course will deal with the more 
important commodities of the world's trade — their production, export, 
and import in the various countries of the world. Stress will be laid on 
the chief sources of raw materials and their industrial uses and the 
marketing and transportation problems connected therewith. Three se- 
mester hours credit. 


In anticipation of the time when a fifth year of work may be required 
of secondary teachers, Lebanon Valley College has so arranged sequences 
of courses that its students may, upon graduation, continue graduate 
courses in the Schools of Education of the University of Pennsylvania 
and Temple University without loss of time or credits in securing the 
masters degree. Lebanon Valley College will continue to offer work lead- 
ing to the granting of the provisional certificate and for teachers who do 
not desire a master's degree, such work as is at pi'esent required for the 
college permanent certificate. 

S33. Secondary Education. The evolution of the secondarv school in 
the United States: secondai-v education in other countries, current nmb- 
lems and trends in secondarv education. Three semester hours credit. 


S23. History of Education in the United States. The develop- 
ment of education in the United States in relation to social and 
economic changes from colonial times to the present, including 1 detailed 
study of developments in Pennsylvania. Three semester hours credit. 

S72. Philosophy of Education. This course aims to provide a basis 

for constructive thinking: in the field of education. Various theories in 
education will be considered. Two semester hours credit. 

S82. Educational Measurements. Preparation for testing" bv the 
classroom teacher is offered through studying- principles of validitv and 
reliability, appraising 1 and constructing tests, and considering the use of 
results. Laboratorv fee of one dollar. Two semester hours credit. 

S93. The Junior High School. The development of the junior high 
school; its function in the American public school system. Three semes- 
ter hours credit. 

S112. Principles and Techniques of Secondary School Teaching. A 

studv of principles, practices, and methods with their significance to 
secondary school teaching 1 . Two semester hours credit. 

S123. Introduction to Education. An introduction to the field of 

education through the studv of the American educational svstem. the 
place of the school in society, the training: and function of the teacher. 
Three semester hours credit. 

S203. Visual and Sensory Techniques. Psvchological bases for sen- 
sory aids: use of apparatus: sources of eauipment and supplies. Labora- 
tory fee of four dollars. Three semester hours credit. May be taken for 
two hours credit. 


S16. English Composition. Required of all students proceeding; 
to a college degree. Three or six semester hours credit. 

S26. A Survey of English Literature. This course is required of 
all students proceeding to a degree, except those prepai'ing for a B.S 
in Chemistry. It is offered in two parts: Students may take either or 
both, depending on their requirements. Three or six semester hours 

S63-B. Shakespeare. A study of the principal comedies and trage- 
dies. Three semester hours credit. 

S152. History of the English Language. Historical studv of the 
English sounds, inflections, and vocabulary, Standards of correctness; 
current usage. Recommended especially for prospective teachers' of 
English composition. Two or three semester hours credit. 

S512. Poetry of the Romantic Movement. A study of early Nine- 
teenth Century poetry, with special attention to five poets: Wordsworth, 
Coleridge, Byron, Shelley, Keats. Two or three semester hours credit. 

7526. American Literature. From the Beginnings to the Present 
Day. Three or six semester hours credit. 

Methods of Teaching English (Education 332) 




S06. Elementary French. This course is intended for those who 
begin French in College. Its aim is to enable the student to write simple 
French sentences, to carry on a conversation in easy French, and to read 
French of ordinary difficulty. College credit of six semester hours will be 
granted for this course, if followed by French 16, but it cannot be 
counted toward a major. 

S16. First Year College French. This course presupposes two years 
of high school French. It includes further drill in the principles of gram- 
mar, practice in conversation, composition, and dictation, and more ex- 
tensive reading. Six semester hours credit. 


S06. Elementary German. This course is intended to give students 
a reading knowledge of German of average difficulty, and to enable them 
to understand the spoken language and to express simple ideas idiomat- 
ically. College credit will be given for the course but it cannot be count- 
ed toward a major. Six semester hours credit. 

S16. Modern German Literature. Readine of nineteenth and 
twentieth centurv literature combined with a studv of sreoeranhv. his- 
torv. and art. Grammar and composition. Six semester hours credit. 


S56. The Gospel According to John and Selected Readings. Six 

semester hours credit. 


S23-A. Europe from 1815 to 1914. A survey of Nineteenth Century 
Europe. This course will be followed by History 23-B. Three semester 
hours credit. 

S23-B. Europe from 1914 to the Present. A study of the World 
War and post-war pioblems. Emphasis will be placed upon current his- 
tory. Three semester hours credit. 

S36. The History of England and the British Empire. This course 
deals with the development of England and the Empire from the earliest 
times to the present. Three or six semester hours credit. 

S46. Political and Social History of the United States and Penn- 
sylvania. A general survey of American and Pennsylvania history with 
particular attention to social and cultural trends. Three or six semester 
hours credit. 

S63. Economic History of the United States. A studv of the eco- 
nomic backeround of American Historv including- the growth of Ameri- 
can agricultural and industrial interests, from their colonial beginnings 
to their present day development. Three semester hours credit. 

S213. The Renaissance and the Reformation. A study of the po- 
litical, economic, cultural and social changes that occurred from the 13th 
to the 16th centuries. One semester. Three semester hours credit. 

S223. The French Revolution and Napoleon. A survey of the con- 
ditions in the 17th and 18th centuries which led to the outbreak of the 
Revolution; the events of the Revolution itself, and the effect of the 
Revolution upon the rest of Europe. The career of Napoleon and the 
results of his work. One semester. Three semester hours credit. 



S13. Advanced Algebra. Covering ratio and proportion, variation, 
progressions, binominal theorem, theorem of undetermined coefficients, 
logarithms, permutations and combinations, theory of equations, partial 
fractions, etc. Three semester hours credit. 

S23. Plane Trigonometry. Definitions of trigonometric functions, 
right and oblique triangles, computation of distances and heights, devel- 
opment of trigonometric formulae. Three semester hours credit. 

S36. Analytic Geometry. The equations of the straight line, circle, 
ellipse, parabola, and hyperbola are studied, numerous examples solved, 
and as much of the higher plane curves and of the geometry of space is 
covered as time will permit. Six semester hours credit. 

S46. Differential and Integral Calculus. Differentiation of alge- 
braic and transcendental functions, maxima and minima, development in- 
to series, etc. Integrations, rectification of curves, quadrature of sur- 
faces, cubature of solids, etc. Six or eight semester hours credit. 

S123. Mathematics of Finance. The course seeks to present the 
mathematical principles and operations used in financial work. A detail- 
ed study of compound interest, compound discount, and annuities is un- 
dertaken. Applications of these principles is then made to practical prob- 
lems of amortization, sinking funds, depreciation, valuation of bonds, and 
building and loan associations. Three semester hours credit. 

Note: If there should be a sufficient demand anv other standard 
course in Mathematics mav be offered. 


S32. Ethics. The aim of this course is to acquaint the student 
with the academic ethical problems, and to effect an awakening and a 
strengthening of the moral sense. This is a required course for all stud- 
ents proceeding to a degree. Two semester hours credit. 

Political Theory. See Political Science S43. 


S16. General College Physics. Two hours lectures and recitations 
daily. This course will be a thorough investigation of the funda- 
mental principles of physical science, and is especially intended as a 
preparation for Physics 2, 3, and 4, and for those interested in the 
practical application of physical laws and principles. When accompanied 
by Physics 12, it meets the minimum requirements of those who are 
candidates for the bachelor's degree in science and for admission to the 
Medical Schools. Six semester hours credit. 

S12. General Physics Laboratory. Laboratory work associated with 
the subject matter of Physics 16. This course should accompany Physics 
S16. Two semester hours credit. 

Note: If there is sufficient demand an advanced course in Physics 
will be offered. 


S16. American Government and Politics. A course designed to 
give the students a working knowledge of the fundamental laws of Fed- 
eral and State Government. Three or six semester hours credit, 



S43. Political Theory. A survey of the different philosophies and 
theories of Government, Ancient and Modern, with special reference to 
political philosophy since the 16th Century. Three semester hours 

S73. Political Parties in the United States. A study of the history 
and origins of Political Parties, their organization, development, and 
methods of operation, leaders, machines and bosses, campaigns and plat- 
forms. Three semester hours credit. 


S13. General Psychology. This course aims to acquaint the student 
with the psychological standpoint and with the fundamental psychologi- 
cal principles. It includes a study of such topics as native tendencies, ac- 
quired tendencies, emotions, imagination, memory, and reasoning. Lec- 
tures, discussions and laboratory work. Three semester hours credit. 

S23. Educational Psychology. Designed to meet the needs of stud- 
ents of education who are seeking from psychology the facts and prin- 
ciples that have a bearing on their problems. Special emphasis is plac- 
ed on the learning process. Prerequisite: Psychology S13. Three semes- 
ter hours credit. 

S43. Psychology of Adolescence. A study of the physical and men- 
tal changes which characterize adolescence. The questions of rate and 
variation in learning, motive, personality, disturbances and control of 
behavior will be handled. This course has been approved by the State 
Department of Education for professional credit. Three semester hours 

S53. Applied Psychology. A survey of the applications of Psychol- 
ogy to the various fields of human relations. It includes such toDics as: 
increase in efficiency, effect of suggestions, improvement of personal- 
ity, advertising, and the psychology of the public platform. Three semes- 
ter hours credit. 

S63. Mental Hygiene. A study of wholesome effective personality 
adjustments, including causes and treatment of the more common soc- 
ial and emotional maladjustments among college students. Prerequisite: 
Psychology S13. Three semester hours credit. 

S93. Abnormal psychology. An introduction to the study of abnor- 
mal behavior, including such topics' as hysteria, multiple personality, 
hypnotism, analysis of nervous and mental maladjustments, and a study 
of psychological processes as they occur in the -more marked forms of 
derangement. Prerequisite: General Psychology. Three semester hours 


S13. Principles of Sociology. The course is intended to acquaint 
the student with the various theories of society together with the place 
of sociology in the general field of learning. Three semester hours 

S23. Modern Social Problems. This is a study in pathology. The 
organization and functions of public and private welfare and social se- 
curity agencies, preventive and remedial. Three semester hours credit, 




S06. Elementary Spanish. This course is intended for those who 
begin Spanish in college. Its aim is to enable students to write simple 
Spanish sentences, to carry on a conversation in easy Spanish, and to 
read Spanish of ordinary difficulty. College credit of six semester hours 
will be granted for this course if followed by Spanish 16. 

S16. First Year College Spanish. This is a continuation and exten- 
sion of course 06 and includes further drill in the principles of gram- 
mar, practice in conversation, composition, and dictation, and more ex- 
tensive reading. For entrance to Spanish 16, the preparatory course 
06 or its equivalent (two years of high-school Spanish) will be required. 
Six semester hours credit. 


Numerous inquiries have been received concerning courses for 
teachers desirous of re-entering the profession and from teachers who 
wish to secure certification in additional fields. Most of the courses of- 
fered in the Summer Session will serve as refresher courses in addition 
to offering credit for certification. 

If there is a sufficient demand, additional courses will be offered. 
If the course in which you are interested is not listed in this Bulletin 
write to the Director of the Summer school. 





Mary E. Gillespie, M.A. Director 

Ruth Bender, A.B. _ -..Piano and Theory 

R. Porter Campbell, Mus.B. Pianoforte, Organ 

Harold Malsh _ _ Violin 

Alexander Crawford Voice 

Edward P. Rutledge, M.A. . Band and Orchestra Instruments 

D. Clark Carmean, M.A. Band and Orchestra Instruments 

Merl Freeland, A.B. Piano 

Joseph Battista -__ Piano 

Ren aldo Rovers Voice 

The aim of Lebanon Valley College Conservatory is to teach music 
historically and aesthetically as an element of liberal culture; to offer 
courses that will give a thorough and practical understanding of theory 
and composition; and to train artists and teachers. 

The Conservatory of the college is one of a limited number of insti- 
tutions offering courses in Public-School Music for teachers and super- 
visors approved for certification by the Pennsylvania State Council of 

In response to a demand for summer courses that will enable students 
in music to earn credits to meet deficiencies, shorten attendance requir- 
ed in the regular winter terms and acquire extra training in addition to 
that otherwise obtainable in the longer terms, the Conservatory has 
joined with the academic departments of the college in offering work 
during the summer term. 

During the summer of 1946 class-room instruction will be offered by 
Professor Rutledge and Professor Carmean in the following courses : 

S363. Harmony (Composition and Orchestration). Original composi- 
tion is continued in various vocal and instrumental forms. This course 
offers opportunity and guidance in arranging music for various com- 
binations of instruments and voice, including band, orchestra, and chorus. 
The best productions of the class will be given public performance. 
Three semester hours credit. 

S103. Physical Science. Cultivation of the scientific approach to 
sound and tone, with emphasis on their application to music and musical 
instruments. Three semester hours credit. 

Instrumental Music: Class instruction is offered for beginners, on 

String I — (Violin) — 1 hour credit. 

Woodwind I — (Clarinet) — 1 hour credit. 

Brass I — (Trumpet, Cornet, Alto, French Horn, Trombone, Bari- 
tone, or Tuba) — 1 hour credit. 

Each course includes tuning, scale playing, general technique for solo 
and ensemble playing, care and repair of the instrument, and a review 
of written methods and materials. 

Percussion (Drums) — 1 hour credit. 

Percussion (Advanced) — 1 hour credit. 



Student Teaching. Students requiring practice teaching in Instru- 
mental Music may make arrangements to do their practice teaching in 
the Demonstration School at Annville. 

Professors Crawford, Malsh, Campbell and Freeland will be available 
during the summer term for private instruction in their respective 
fields. Persons interested in private instruction should address them in- 
dividually and complete arrangements in advance of the opening date. 

Professor Rutledge will be available for private instruction in wood- 
winds and brass and Professor Carmean will be available for private 
instruction in viola, cello, string bass and clarinet. 


For many years Lebanon Valley College, through extension and 
evening courses, has enabled teachers, state employees, and others in 
active employment to attend college courses and secure academic de- 
grees. Through these courses teachers may meet the certification re- 
quirements of the State Department in the secondary field. 

Extension courses are offered in the Central School Building, Forster 
Street, Harrisburg, on Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday eve- 
nings from 7:00 to 9:00 p. m. 

Evening classes are held at the College in Annville, usually on Fri- 
day evenings from 6:30 to 8:15 p. m., and from 8:15 to 10:00 p. m. 
Classes may be held on other evenings, if desired, and on Saturday 

Extension and evening classes begin the week of September 16, 1946. 

Extension and evening class bulletins containing a list and descrip- 
tion of the courses to be offered will be available August 1st. 

Students interested in extension and evening class work should write 
to Director of Extension and Evening Classes for a bulletin and infor- 
mation. The Director will appreciate suggestions as to what courses 
may be desired.