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Lebanon Valley College 


Vol XXVIII AUGUST, 1939 No. 5 





Published Moiitiiiy. iiintcred as sccorid-class matter at Aniiviiis Pa., uiidci ict of 

August 24. 1912. 


CLYDE A. LYNCH, Chairman 





CLYDE A. LYNCH, A.M., B.D., Ph.D., D.D., LL.D President 

SAMUEL 0. GEIMM, A.M Registrar 

MILTON L. STOKES, M.A., LL.B., Fh.B. Director of Extension, Sat- 
urday and Evening Classes. 



HIRAM SHENK, A.M., LL.D Professor of History 

SAMUEL H. DERICKSON, M.S., Sc.D. Professor of Biological Science 

SAMUEL O. GRIMM. A.M Professor of Physics 

CHRISTIAN R. GINGRICH, A.B., Lh.B.. Professor of Political Science 
and Sociology. 

MARY C. GREEN Professor of French 

PAUL A. WALLACE. Ph.D Professor of English 

G. ADOLPHUS RICHIE, A.M., D.D Professor of Bible and New 

Testament Greek, 

MILTON L. STOKES, M.A., LL.B., VYi.D. Professor of Business Ad^ 
ministration and Economics. 

STELLA JOHNSON STEVENSON, Ph.D.. Professor of French Liter- 

V. EARL LIGHT, Ph.D Associate Professor of Biological Science 

LENA LOUISE LIETZAU, Ph.D Professor of German 

GEORGE G. STRUBLE, Ph.D Associate Professor of English 

L. G. BAILEY, Ph.D. Professor of Psychology 

MARGARET A. WOOD. M.A Instructor in Ecoyiomics 

AMOS BLACK, Ph.D Professor of Mathematics 

PAUL O. SHETTEL, M.A., B.D., ^.l^.T).. .Acting Professor of Philoso- 
phy arid Religion. 

CLYDE S. STINE, A.M., Ph.D Acting Professor of Education 

FREDERIC K. MILLER, A.M Acting Professor of History 



Through extension work in Harrisburg, evening classes at the col- 
lege in Annville, and summer school, Lebanon Valley College has for 
many years enabled many students to obtain college courses and secure 
academic degrees while continuing their regular occupations. By a care- 
ful selection of courses and consultation with the heads of the depart- 
ments of the college or the director of extension and evening classes, a 
student can meet the requirements of the college for a baccalaureate 
degree while earning a livelihood. 

All extension and evening courses are taught by full time members 
of the college faculty. The courses offered in extension and evening 
class work are so alternated from year to year that a student can readily 
secure those required for graduation. 


Lebanon Valley College is fully accredited by the Department of 
Public Instruction of Pennsylvania, the American Association of Col- 
leges, and Secondary Schools of the Middle Atlantic States and Mary- 
land, and the American Association of University Women. It is a 
member of the American Council on Education. 


The college is situated at Annville, twenty-one miles east of Harris- 
burg on the Benjamin Franklin Highway. 


Lebanon Valley College offers two courses of study leading to the 
Baccalaureate degree : 

(1) A course leading to the degree of Bachelor of Arts (A. B.) 

(2) A course leading to the degree of Bachelor of Science (B. S.) 
The total number of credits required of candidates for these degrees, 

is in each case, 126 semester hours of academic credits and 4 in physical 
education. (Extension and evening class students are not required to 
have the work in physical education.) 

Candidates for degrees must also obtain a minimum of 130 quality 
points, computed as follows: for a grade A, 3 points for each credit 
hour; for a grade B, 2 points for each credit hour; for a grade of C, 1 
point for each credit hour. No quality credit will be given for a grade 
of D. 

As part of this total requirement, every candidate must present at 
least 24 semester hours in one department (to be known as the Major), 
and at least 18 semester hours in another department (to be known as 
his Minor). Majors in Education are required to take two Minors. Both 
Major and Minor must be selected not later than the beginning of the 
Junior year, the Minor to be suitably related to the Major, and chosen 
with the advice and approval of the Head of the Major department. 

The A. B. degree will be awarded to those fulfilling the I'equire- 
ments for a Major in the following departments: Bible and New Testa- 
ment Greek, English, French, German, Greek, History, Latin, Mathe- 
matics (Arts option), Political and Social Science, Philosophy and Re- 
ligion. The B. S. degree will be awarded to those fuliilling the requii'e- 
ments for a Major in the following departments: Biology, Chemistry, 
Mathematics (Science option), Physics, Business Administration, Edu- 
cation, and Music Education. 


Certain courses embodying the fundamentals of a liberal education 
are required by all students. These courses, which vary slightly 
according to the degree sought, are as follows: 


Bible 14, 52 or 82 
English, 16, 26 
*French 16 or 

German 16 
History, four hours, 

exclusive of Hist. 16 
Philosophy 32 
Philosophy 26 or 

Economics 16 or 

Pol. Science 16 or 

Sociology 13 and 23 
Biology 18 or 

Chemistry 18 or 

Physics 18 
Psychology 14, 23 
Physical Education 

In Physical Sciences 

Bible 14, 52 or 82 

English 16, 26 

French 16 or 
German 16 

History, four hours, 
exclusive of Hist. 16 

tMath. 13 and 23, 46 

Philosophy 32 

Philosophy 26 or 
Economics 16 or 
Pol. Science 16 or 
Sociology 13 and 23 

Biology 18 

Chemistry 18 

Physics 18 

Physical Education 



In Education 
Bible 14, 52 or 82 
English 16, 26 
French 16 or 

German 16 
History, four hours, 

exclusive of Hist. 16 
Philosophy 32 
Psychology 14, 23 
Economics 16 or 

Pol. Science 16 or 

Sociology 13 and 23 
Biology 18 or 

Chemistry 18 or 

Physics 18 
Physical Education 

*Twelve semester hours of Foreign Language are required of all candidates 
for tlie A.B. degree ; six hours of this total must be from French 16 or Ger- 
man 16. 

tPre-Medical students who are majoring in either Biology or Chemistry may 
substitute an elective for Math. 46. 

For explanation of numbers used above see the College Bulletin. 


In addition to the General Requirements listed above some of the 
departments require students majoring therein to take certain additional 
courses in subjects closely related to the Major. 

Students outlining a course for a degree should communicate at 
once with the Head of the Department in which they intend to Major. 

Candidates for the Baccalaureate degree who desire to be admitted 
to advanced standing by virtue of work done in other institutions, should 
lose no time in having their credits evaluated by the Registrar, in order 
that they may be informed as to what requirements they must meet for 

Bachelor of Science with a major in Education. Teachers College 
credits from recognized institutions are allowed on the following basis: 
work of a professional character will be equated on the basis of semester 
hours. Graduates who have taken the full two years' normal course 
based upon four full years of high school work usually receive approxi- 
mately 60 semester hours, though each case is evaluated individually. 
A total of 126 hours of academic credits is required. For full information 
address the Department of Education, Lebanon Valley College. 


The Pennsylvania State Council of Education has approved the 
following regulations for the College Provisional Certificate. 

This certificate entitles the holder to teach for three years in any 
public high school of the Commonwealth the subjects indicated on its 
face, and to teach in the elementary field where the applicant is a 
holder of a certificate for teaching in this field or has completed an 
approved curriculum in preparation for teaching in such field. 


The applicant for this certificate must be a graduate of an approved 
college or university and must have successfully completed at least 
eighteen semester hours of work of college grade in education distributed 
as follows: 

Introduction to Teaching 3 semester hours 

Educational Psychology (General Psychology is a 

prerequisite) 3 semester hours 

Practice Teaching in the Appropriate Field 6 semester hours 

Electives in Education selected from the following 

list 6 semester hours 

Secondary Education Educational Sociology 

Elementary Education Educational Systems 

School Efficiency History of Education 

Special Methods Principles of Education 

School Hygiene Educational Psychology 

Educational Administration Technique of Teaching 

Educational Measurements 

The practice teaching requirement may be met by taking Education 
136-A and Education 136-B. 


The college offers pre-medical, pre-legal, pre-theological courses 
to prepare students for entrance to schools of Medicine, Law, and The- 
ology. For students who wish to major in the field of economics in 
preparation for the business world, the college offers a course in Bus- 
iness Administration. Students interested in these fields should write 
to the Registrar for the College Bulletin. 


The college has a separate department, the Conservatory of Music, 
for those interested in Music. Students interested in this field should 
write either to the Director of the Conservatory of Music or the College 
Registrar for the bulletin of the Conservatory. 


As a prerequisite to the granting of degrees, colleges and univer- 
sities require that a student shall take approximately one-fourth of his 
or her work on the campus of the institution. Lebanon Valley College 
requires that a candidate for a degree must have a minimum of 30 
semester hours work in regularly conducted classes on the college 
campus. This requirement may be met through attendance at evening 
and Saturday classes oflPered at the college. The college is easily ac- 
cessible from Harrisburg. Due to the excellent highways students from 
Harrisburg and vicinity may commute to the college in less than forty 
minutes time. 


A fee of one dollar will be charged for matriculation. In the case of 
students registered in both extension and evening courses only one ma- 
triculation fee is required. The tuition charge for Extension and Sat- 
urday and Evening Courses will be $8.00 for each semester hour of 
credit. A special tuition fee of $5.00 per semester hour will be charged 
persons who desire to take any of the courses as auditor, without ex- 
amination and without credit. 

Fees for the first semester are due and payable on or before Oc- 
tober 16 and for the second semester on or before February 15. Re- 
mittances should be made to Lebanon Valley College and may be sent 
by mail to J. W. Esbenshade, Secretary of the Finance Committee. 


Credits will be issued to all students showing the courses attended, 
grades and number of semester hours. Most of the courses offer two 
semester hours' credit. In the case of coui'ses offering three hours 
credit per semester, extra classes are required for the additional hour 


Special registration evenings for the extension classes in Harri?- 
burg will be held in the Central High School Building, on Forester Street 
from 7:00-9:00 p. m. on Monday and Tuesday evenings, September 18th 
and 19th. At that time students interested in Extension classes may 
m^eet and consult with the director, and extension class teachers rela- 
tive to their courses. Students unable to register on either of the above 
evenings may do so on the evening the class in which they are inter- 
ested meets. 

Registration for the evening classes at Annville will be held on 
Friday evening, September 22nd. 

The Extension and Evening Class representative of the College in 
Harrisburg and the vicinity is Mr. Hilbei-t V. Lochner, of the Depart- 
ment of Public Assistance. 



Central Building, Harrisburg, Pa. 

Classes will begin week of September 18 

Course Time Professor 

General Psychology Monday 7:00-9:00 P.M. Dr. L. G. Bailey 

Criminology Tuesday 7:00-9:00 P.M. Professor C. R, Gingrich 

English History Tuesdav 7:00-9:00 P.M. Professor F. K. Miller 

Labor Problems Wednesday 7:00-9:00 P.M. Dr. M. L. Stokes 

English Composition Thursday 7:00-9:00 P.M. Dr. G. G. Struble 

English Literature Thursday 7:00-9:00 P.M. Dr. P. A. W. Wallace 


Administration Building, Annville, Pa. 
Classes will be organized Friday, September 22, at 7:00 P. M. 










Dr. G. A. Richie 




Dr. V. Earl Light 




Dr. S. H. Derickson 




Miss Wood 


203, 13 


Dr. Clyde S. Stine 




Mary C. Green 




Dr. Stella Johnson Stevenson 




Dr. Stella Johnson Stevenson 




Dr. Lena L. Lietzau 




Dr. Lena L. Lietzau 




Dr. H. H. Shenk 


113, 123 


Professor S. 0. Grimm 


13, 23 or 36 


Dr. Amos H. Black 


02, 32 


Professor Paul 0. Shettel 



E-163. Labor Problems in vVraeriean Industry, — ^The nature of the 
labor problem; the rise of industry and labor; the new technology and 
the wage earner; unemployment; the pi-oblem of child and woman 
labor; hours of labor; industrial accidents; unemployment insurance; 
old affc pensions; the labor movement; economic and political programs 
of organised labor; industrial conflict; labor conflict; agencies of in- 
dustrial peace, modern industrial policies; personnel management; labor 
legislation; international control of labor relations. Three semester 
hours credit*. First semester. Wednesday evenings, 7:00-9:00 p.m_. 

Dr. M. L. Stokes 

E-93. Public Finance and Administration. — A study of the economic 
functions of the state; public expenditures; the control of public expen- 
ditures; effects of public expenditures; public revenues; various 
types of state and federal taxes; the incidence and economic 
effects of each type of tax; tax systems and tax adminJstra- 
tion; public credit, its natui'e and principles; management of 
the public debt; Federal and State debt problems and policies; economic 
effects of public borrowing; budgetary practices. Three semester hours 
credif^. Second semester. Wednesday evenings, 7:00-9:00 p.m. 

Dr. M. L. Stokes 

E-16. English Composition. — This course is required of all stud- 
ents proceeding to a college degree. Three semester hours credit*. 
Throughout the year. Thursday evenings, 7:00-9:00 p.m. 

Dr. George G. Struble 

E-26. A Survey of English Literature.— This course is required 
of all students proceeding to a college degree. Three semester hours 
credit*. Throughout the year. Thursday evenings, 7:00-9:00 p.m. 

Dr. P. A, W. Wallace 

E-.36. English History. — A survey of the history of England from 
the earliest times to the present. Stress will be laid on the social 

and economic aspects of English History. Three semester hours credit*. 
Throughout the year. Tuesday evenings, 7:00-9:00 p.m. 

Professor F. K. Miller 

E-13. General Psychology. — This course aims to acquaint the stud- 
ent with the psychological standpoint and with the fundamental psycho- 
logical principles. It includes a study of such topics as native tenden- 
cies, acquired tendencies, emotions, imagination, memory and reason- 
ing. Lectures, discussions and laboratory work. Three semester hours 
credit*. First semester. Monday evenings, 7:00-9:00 p.m. 

Dr. L. G. Bailey 

E-52, Applied Psychology,-— A study of the application of the psy- 
chological principles to practical problems in the professions, in busi- 
ness and industry, in vocational selection and guidance, in personal ef- 
ficiency. Three semester hours credit*. Second semester. Monday 
evenings, 7:00-9:00 p.m. 

Dr. L. G. Bailey 

* Additional classes are required for courses offering three semester 
hours credit. 


E-32. Criminology. — A study of the cause of crime and the treat- 
ment of criminals; criminal behaviour; the police system and the crim- 
inal courts; treatment of juvenile offenders; punishment, probation, pa- 
role and reform. Observation and criticism of social agencies dealing with 
the crime problem is required. Two semester hours credit. First se- 
mester. Tuesday evenings, 7:00-9:00 p.m. 

Professor C. R. Gingrich 

E-2.3. Modern Social Problems. — ^Second semester. Three semester 
hours credit*. Tuesday evenings, 7:00-9:00 p.m. 

Professor C. R. Gingrich 


E-13. American Government and Politics. — A course designed to 
give a student a working knowledge of the fundamental laws of Federal 
and State Government. Much time is given to the study of leading 
cases. Three semester hours credit*. Second semester. Tuesday eve- 
nings, 7:00-9:00 p.m. 

Professor C. R. Gingrich 

* Additional classes are required for courses offering three semester 
hours credit. 


The following courses will be offered by the College on the campus 
at Annville during the college year 1939-40. All courses with the ex- 
ception of the Languages and the Sciences offer two hours credit per 
semester unless otherwise indicated. The French and German courses 
offer three hours credit per semester. The courses in Biology offer four 
credits per semester. Residence credit is given for all courses taken on 
the campus. 

The time for the weekly meeting of each class will be arranged 
when the classes are organized. Organization of classes will take place 
Friday, September 22nd at 7:00 p.m. 

Most of the courses are given on Friday evenings from 6:30-8:15 
and from 8:15-10:00 p. m. This enables a student to take two courses 
with four hours credit per semester, if two courses are desired. Should 
a class so desire, a course may be given on some other evening or Sat- 
urday morning. 

In the case of the courses in Biology two hours of lecture work 
will be offered one evening and the laboratory or field work required 
for the courses will be offered at the college on Saturdays from 8:00 a.m. 
to 12:00 or at a time suitable to the class. 


14. Introduction to English Bible. — An appreciative and historical 
survey of the literature of the Old and New Testaments. This is a 
required course for all students proceeding to a degree. Throughout 
the year. Two semester hours credit per semester. 

Dr. G. A. Richie 

18. General Biology. — This course fulfills the science require- 
ments of students proceeding toward a degree, excepting those major- 
ing in science in which case additional science courses are required. The 
course offers four hours' credit per semester. Two hours' credit per 
semester are assigned to class lectures and two to laboratory work. 
Four hours' work per week in the laboratory is required and may 
be done on Saturday forenoons or any evening during the week ex- 
cepting Monday evening. At the first meeting of the class the time 
for the laboratory work will be designated. The time will be chosen 
to suit the convenience of the class, as far as possible. Credit will be 
granted those students who wish only the lecture work and not the 
laboratory work. The course will be given throughout the year. 
Lecture course, Monday evenings, 7:00--9:00 p.m. 

Dr. V. Earl Light 

38. Zoology. — The course is intended to acquaint the student with 
the structure, life history, and behaviour of representatives of each 
phylum of animals. In the study of types, structure, function and 
adaptation are given equal emphasis. The principle of phylogeny and 
ontogeny are considered. 

The laboratory and class work is supplemented by field studies 
including observation of habits, ecological conditions and the use of 
keys for identification and classification. Lectures and laboi-atory work. 
Four semester hours credit. Throughout the year. 

Dr. S. H. Derickson 

S-16. Principles of Economics. — This course will deal with the fun- 
damental principles of economic theory. This course is a required course 
for all students of the Social Sciences and for students of Business Ad- 
ministration. Three semester hours credit. Throughout the year. 

OR Miss Wood 

14. Economic Geography. — The course deals with: the field and 
function of Economic Geography, distribution of population, the earth, 


land forms, influence of soils, temperature, winds and ocean currents, 
climates of the world. Much of the course will deal with the more 
important commodities of the world's trade — their production, export, 
and import in the various countries of the world. Stress will be laid on 
the chief sources of raw materials and their industrial uses and the 
marketing and transportation problems connected therewith. Two 
semester hours credit. Throughout the year. Miss Wood 

202 or 203. Visual Education. — The psychology of visual and sen- 
sory aids to learning and their administration will be studied. Special 
attention will be given to the sources and types of visual aids which 
are within the means of the ordinary school system and classroom 
teacher. Lectures, readings, reports, demonstrations and individual pro- 
jects. The State coui-se will be followed. Laboratory fee $2.00. Two 
or three semester hours credit. First semester. 

Dr. Clyde S. Stine 
13. History of Education. — An analysis of the history of education 
from the time of early Greek education to the present day. Special at- 
tention will be given to the aims, content, organization, and results of 
the educational systems of various countries, as well as to the great 
leaders of educational thought. Three semester hours credit. Second 
semester. Dr. Clyde S. Stine 

82. Educational Measurements. — A critical analysis of the problems 
in measuring the results of teaching. A study of the uses and adminis- 
tration of representative tests and scales for junior and senior high 
school subjects. Two semester hours credit. Second semester. 

Dr. Clyde S. Stine 
312. Public Speaking. — The fundamentals of public speaking. The- 
ory and practice in speech composition including treatment of problems 
of interest, clarity, persuasion. Theory and practice in delivery. Second 
semester. Two or three hours. 

Dr. C. S. Stine 
06. Elementary French. — This course is intended for those who 
begin French in College. Its aim is to enable the student to write simple 
French sentences, to can-y on a conversation in easy French, and to 
read French of ordinary difficulty. College credit of six semester hours 
will be granted for this course, if followed by French 16, but it cannot 
be counted toward a major. The coui-se is given throughout the year. 

Mrs. Mary C. Green 
16. First Year College French. — This is a continuation and exten- 
sion of course 06, and includes further drill in the principles of grammar, 
practice in conversation, composition, and dictation, and more extensive 
reading. Three hours credit per semester. This course is given through- 
out the year. Dr. Stella Johnson Stevenson 

26. French Literature of XVI and XVII Centuries. — A survey of 
French literary history from the Renaissance to the end of the period of 
absolute Classicism. Composition and conversation. Three hours credit 
per semester. The course is given throughout the year. 

Dr. Stella Johnson Stevenson 
06. Elementary German.— Intended to give students a reading 
knowledge of German of average difficulty, and to enable them to under- 
stand the spoken language and to express simple ideas idiomatically. 


College credit of six semester hours will be granted for this course 
only if followed by German 16. The course is given throughout the year. 

Dr. Lena Lietzau 

16. "Kulturkunde." — The making of Modern Germany, its geog- 
raphy, its institutions, its social and artistic life, illustrated by maps, 
pictures and readings from contemporary literature. This course is not 
only a preparation for the study of German literature but is intended 
also for those who wish to use German as a tool for advanced work in 
science and other fields. Three semester hours credit. Throughout the 
year. Dr. Lena Lietzau 


113. History of Civilization. — A general survey of the whole field 
of history. Particular attention will be given to economic, social, relig- 
ious arid cultural development. Two semester hours credit. Through- 
out the year. Dr. H. H. Shenk 


113. Introduction to the Mathematics of Finance. — This course 
takes up the solution of the quadratic equation, logarithms, progres- 
sions, permutations and combinations, and the application of these to 
financial problems. Three semester hours credit. First semester. 

Professor S. 0. Grimm 

123. Mathematics of Finance. — The course seeks to present the 
mathematical principles and operations used in financial work. A de- 
tailed study of compound interest, compound discount, and annuities 
i.s undertaken. Application of these principles is then made to practical 
problems of amortization, sinking funds, depreciation, valuation of 
bonds, and building and loan associations. Three semester hours 
credit. Second semester. 

Professor S. 0. Grimm 

13. Advanced Algebra.— -Covering ratio and proportion, variation, 
progressions, binominal theorem, theorem of vmdetermined coefficients, 
logai'ithms, permutations and combinations, theory of equations, partial 
fractions, etc. Three semester hours credit. First semester. 

Dr. Amos H. Black 

23. Plane Trigonometry. — Definitions of trigonometric functions, 
right and oblique triangles, computation of distances and heights, devel- 
opment of trigonometric formulae. Three semester hours credit. Sec- 
ond semester. Dr. Amos H. Black 


36. Analytic Geometry. — The equations of the straight line, circle, 
ellipse, parabola and hyperbola are studied. Numerous examples are 
solved, and as much of the higher plane cui-ves and of the geometry of 
space is covered as time will permit. Three semester hours credit. 
Throughout the year. Dr. Amos H. Black 


02. Introduction to Philosophy. — The course is intended to intro- 
duce beginners to the basic problems and theories of philosophy and 
quicken them to appreciation of the role played by philosophy in the 
whole movement of civilization, while at the same time giving them 
at least an inkling of the work of the greatest thinkers and arousing in 
them a desire to go to the sources. Two semester hours credit. First sem- 

Professor Paul 0. Shettel 

32. Ethics. — The aim of this course is to acquaint the student willi 
the academic ethical problems, and to effect an awakening and a 
strengthening of the moral sense. This is a required course for all 
students proceeding to a degree. Two semester hours credit. Second 
semester. Professor Paul O. Shettel 


Lebanon Valley College 



June 24 to August 2, 1940 

Bulletin Available 
April 1, 1940 

For further details write 
M, L. Stokes, Director