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Full text of "Lebanon Valley College Catalog: Extension, Saturday, and Evening Class Bulletin"

Lebanon Valley College 

BULLETIN 

Vol. XXXI AUGUST, 1942 No. 5 



EXTENSION, SATURDAY 
and EVENING CLASSES 



PUBLISHED BY 

LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

ANNVILLE, PA. 



Published Monthly. Entered as second-class matter at Annville, Pa., under act of 

August 24, 1912. 



EXTENSION, SATURDAY AND EVENING SCHOOL 



OFFICERS AND ADMINISTRATION 

CLYDE A. LYNCH, A.M., B.D., Ph.D., D.D., LL.D President. 

SAMUEL O. GRIMM, A.M., Sc.D. Registrar 

MILTON L. STOKES, M.A., LL.B., Ph.D. Director of Extension, Sat- 
urday and Evening Classes. 



FACULTY OF EXTENSION, SATURDAY AND EVENING 

SCHOOL 

HIRAM SHENK, A.M., LL.D. .. _ Professor of History 

SAMUEL H. DERICKSON, M.S., Sc.D. Professor of Biological Science 

SAMUEL 0. GRIMM, A.M., Sc.D. _ _ __ Professor of Physics 

MARY C. GREEN Professor of French 

ANDREW BENDER, Ph.D. _.. Professor of Cheinistry 

PAUL A. WALLACE, Ph.D. ___ _ _ Professor of English 

G. ADOLPHUS RICHIE, A.M., D.D. ^ Professor of Bible and New 

Testament Greek. 

MILTON L. STOKES, M.A., LL.B., Ph.D. Professor of Biisiness Ad- 
ministration and Economics. 

STELLA JOHNSON STEVENSON, Ph.D. Professor of French Liter- 
at}(re and Spanish. 

V. EARL LIGHT, Ph.D. Associate Professor of Biological Science 

LENA LOUISE LIETZAU, Ph.D. Professor of German 

MARY E. GILLESPIE, M.A. _ Director of the Conservatory of Music 

GEORGE G. STRUBLE, Ph.D. ^_ . Associate Professor of English 

L. G. BAILEY, Ph.D. _ _ _ . . _ . .Professor of Psychology 

ALVIN H. M. STONECIPHER, Ph.D. Dean; Professor of Latin Lan- 
guage and Literature. 

AMOS BLACK, Ph.D _ _ , Professor of Mathematics^ 

PAUL 0. SHETTEL, M.A., B.D., S.T.D. . Professor of Philoso- 
phy and Religion. 

CLYDE S. STINE, A.M., Ph.D. Professor of Education 

FREDERIC K. MILLER, A.M. _ . .. ^ Acting Professor of History 

JERMAIN D. PORTER, Ph.D. Associate Professor of Chemistry and 
Physics. 

2 



GENERAL STATEMENT 

Through extension work in Harrisburg, evening classes at the col- 
lege in Annville, and summer school, Lebanon Valley College has for 
many years enabled many students to obtain college courses and secure 
academic degrees while continuing their regular occupations. By a care- 
ful selection of courses and consultation with the heads of the depart- 
ments of the college or the director of extension and evening classes, a 
student can meet the requirements of the college for a baccalaureate 
degree while earning a livelihood. 

All extension and evening courses are taught by full time members 
of the college faculty. The courses offered in extension and evening 
class work are so alternated from year to year that a student can readily 
secure those required for graduation. 

ACADEMIC STANDING 

Lebanon Valley College is fully accredited by the Department of 
Public Instruction of Pennsylvania, the American Association of Col- 
leges and Secondary Schools of the Middle Atlantic States and Mary- 
land. It is a member of the American Association of Colleges and of 
the American Council on Education, 

Lebanon Valley College is an Associate Member of the National 
Association of Schools of Music. The Conservatory of Music is fully 
accredited by the Department of Public Instruction of Pennsylvania. 

LOCATION 

The college is situated at Annville, twenty-one miles east of Harris- 
burg on the Benjamin Franklin Highway. Students from Harrisburg 
and the vicinity may commute to the colleee in less than forty minutes 

time. ^ 

REQUIREMENTS FOR DEGREE 

Lebanon Valley College offers the degree of Bachelor of Arts (A.B.) 
and the degree of Bachelor of Science (B.S.) 

Res"dence Degrees will be conferred only upon candidates who have 

reaiiirement completed a minimum of 30 semester hours work in regu- 
larly conducted classes on the college campus. This re- 
quirement may be met through attendance at evening and Saturday 
classes offered at the college. 

Candidates for degrees must obtain a minimum of 126 se- 
Hours mester hours credits in academic work, and four in Physical 

Education. Extension and evening class students are not required to 
have the work in Physical Education. 

p. ,., Candidates for degrees must also obtain a mimimum of 130 

(Quality quality points, computed as follows: for a grade of A, 3 
Points points for each credit hour; for a grade of B, 2 points; for 

a grade of C, 1 point. No quality credit will be given for a grade of D. 
... As part of this total requirement, every candidate must 

and M'no present at least 24 semester hours in one department (to 

* ^ be known as his Major), and at least 16 semester hours in 
another department (to be known as his Minor). Both Major and Minor 
must be selected before registration for the sophomore year, the Minor 
to be suitably related to the Major, and chosen with the advice and ap- 
proval of the Head of the Major Department. 

The A.B. degree will be awarded to those fulfilling the requirements 
for a Major in the following departments: Bible and Religion, English, 
French, German, Greek, History, Latin, Mathematics (Arts option). 
Political Science and Sociology, Philosophy, and Psycholosry, The B.S. 
degree will be awarded to those fulfilling the requirements for a Major 
in the following departments: Biolosrv, Chemistry, Mathematics (Science 
option). Physics, Business Administration and Economics. Education, 
Music Education. 

Students majorinsr in Education must take two Minors of not less 
than 18 semester hours each. 

3 



GENERAL REQUIREMENTS 

Certain courses embodying: the fundamentals of a liberal education, 
are required by all students. These courses, which vary slightly 
according to the degree sougfht, are as follows: 

Bible 14 and 82 6 hours 

English 16 and 26 
Foreign Language^ 

History^ . .. 6 hours 

Hygiene and Orientation 2 hours 

Mathematics'^ 

Philosophy 32 2 hours 

Physical Education 4 hours 

Psychology 14 4 hours 

Science-* 

Social Studies _ 6 hours 

Economics 16 or 

Philosophy 23-A and 23-B or 

Political Science 16 or 

Sociology 13 and 23 

1 For the A.B. degree 12 hours of Foreign Language are required. 

For the B.S. degree 6 hours are required above the beginners' co"urse. Courses 
may be selected from French, German, Latin, or Spanish. 

2 This may be made up from the following courses: History 13, 123, 213, 23-A, 
23-B, 46, 412, 422, 43-B. 

3 Math. 13, 23, and 48 are required for the degree of B.S. in Science. Pre-Medical 
students may substitute an elective for Math. 48. Students majoring in Business Ad- 
ministration and Economics are required to take Math. 13 and 23 or 113 and 123. 

4 Biology IS, Chemistry 18, and Physics 18 are required of candidates for the 
B.S. degree with a major in Science. Others may elect one of the three. 

For explanation of the numbers see the college Bulletin. 

Students outlining a course for a degree should communicate at 
once with the Head of the Department in which they intend to Major. 

Candidates for the Baccalaureate degree who desire to be admitted 
to advanced standing by virtue of work done in other institutions, should 
lose no time in having their credits evaluated by the Registrar, in order 
that they may be informed as to what requirements they must meet for 
s^raduation. 

PRE-PROFESSIONAL COURSES 

The college offers pre-medical, pre-legal, pre-theological courses 
to prepare students for entrance to schools of Medicine, Law, and The- 
ology. For students who wish to major in the field of economics in 
preparation for the business world, the college offers a course in Bus- 
iness Administration. Students interested in these fields should write 
to the Registrar for the College Bulletin. 

MUSIC 

The college has a separate department, the Conservatory of Music, 
for those interested in Music. Students interested in this field should 
write either to the Director of the Conservatory of Music or the College 
Registrar for the bulletin of the Conservatory. 

CREDITS 

Credits will be issued to all students showing the courses attended, 
grades and number of semester hours credit. 

FEES 

A fee of one dollar will be charged for matriculation. In the case of 
students registered in both extension and evening courses only one ma- 
triculation fee is required. The tuition charge for Extension and Sat- 
urday and Evening Courses will be $8.00 for each semester hour of 
credit. A special tuition fee of $5.00 per semester hour will be charged 
persons who desire to take any of the courses as an auditor, without ex- 
amination and without credit. 

4 



Fees for the first semester are due and payable on or before Oc- 
tober 15 and for the second semester on or before February 15. Re- 
mittances should be made to Lebanon Valley College and may be sent 
by mail to J. W. Esbenshade, Secretary of the Finance Committee. 

REGISTRATION 

Special registration evenings for the extension classes in Harris- 
burg will be held in the Central High School Building, on Forster Street 
from 7:00-9:00 p. m. on Monday and Tuesday evening's. Sentember 14th 
and 15th. At that time students interested in Extension classes may 
meet and consult with the director, and extension class teachers rela- 
tive to their courses. Students unable to register on either of the above 
evenings may do so on the evening the class in which they are inter- 
ested meets. 

Registration for the evening classes at Annville will be held on 
Friday evening. Seotember 18th. 

The Extension and Evening- Class representative of the Colles-e in 
Harrisburg and the vicinity is Miss Viola Fasrer. 1217 North Second 
Street, Harrisburg. 

EXTENSION COURSES 

1942-1943 

Central School, Forster Street, Harrisburg, Pa. 

Classes beerin the week of September 14th 



Course 

General Psychology 07- 
Applied Psychology 

Survey of Ene'lish Litera- 
ture or Shakespeare 

English History or 
The Renaissance 

Economics 

Mathematics or 
Statistics 

English Composition or 
American Literature 

Political Science 



Time 
Mondays, 7:00 p. m. 



Dr, 



Professor 
L. G. Bailey 



Tuesdays, 7:00 p. m. Dr. P. A. W. Wallace 

Tuesdays, 7:00 p. m. Prof. F. K. Miller 
Wednesdays, 7:00 p. m. Dr. M. L. Stokes 

Wednesdays, 7:00 p. m.Dr. Amos Black 

Thursdays, 7:00 p. m. Dr. Geo. G. Struble 
Thursdays, 7:00 p. m. Dr. H. H. Shenk 



DESCRIPTION OF COURSES OFFERED 
IN HARRISBURG 
BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 
E-13. Economic Geography. The course deals with: the field and 
function of economic geography, distribution of population, the earth, 
land forms, influence of soils, temperature, winds and ocean currents, 
climates of the world. Much of the course will deal with the more im- 
portant commodities of the world's trade — their production, export and 
import in the various countries of the world. Stress will be laid on the 
chief sources of rav/ materials, their industrial uses and the marketinsr 
and transportation problems connected therewith. Particular stress will 
be placed on critical and strategic materials, their availability and sub- 
stitutes, if any. First or second semester. Three semester hours cred- 
it. Wednesday evenings, 7:00 p. m. Dr. M. L. Stokes 

OR 

ECONOMICS 
E-16. Principles of Economics. A course dealine with the prin- 
ciples underlying the operation of the economic system. A study of pro- 



duction, value, distribution and consumption. The course is based partly 
on lectures and partly on a discussion of problems. The course is re- 
quired of all ma.iors in Social Science and Business Administration. 
Throughout the year. Students mav take either or both semesters. 
Three semester hours credit. Wednesday evenings, 7:00 p. m. 

Dr. M. L. Stokes 
E-73. Economics of War. The course aims to acauaint students 
with the various economic problems created bv war. the effect of war on 
the national and international economv. The course will deal in partic- 
ular with: economic causes of war; economic objectives of war; problems 
of war production; war labor problems; financinp' the war effort — both 
public finance and business finance; the price problem; fiscal control, 
credit control and general price ceiling; control over demand' the sup- 
ply of strategic materials; war time management of the monetary and 
banking system; war time foreign trade control; transportation in war 
time; consumers in war time; economic warfare; post war international 
economics. First or second semesters. Three semester hours credit. 
Wednesday evenings, 7:00 p. m. Dr. M. L. Stokes 

ENGLISH 

E-lfi. English Composition. — This course is required of all stud- 
ents proceeding to a college degree. Throughout the year. Three semes- 
ter hours credit. Thursday evenings, 7:00 p. m. 

Dr. George G. Struble 
OR 
E-526. American Literature. This course will deal with American 
Literature from the beginnings to the present day. Throughout the year. 
Three semester hours credit. Thursday evenings, 7:00 p. m. 

Dr. George G. Struble 
E-26. Survey of English Literature. This course is required of all 
students proceeding to a college degree. Throughout the year. Three 
semester hours credit. Tuesday evenings. 7:00 p. m. 

Dr. P. A. W. Wallace 

OR 
E-63. Shakespeare. A brief survey of the drama from ancient 
Greece to Elizabethan England, followed by a study of Shakespeare's 
principal comedies, histories and tragedies. Throughout the year. Three 
semester hours credit. Tuesdav evenings. 7:00 u. m. 

Dr. P. A. W. Wallace 
HISTORY 

E-36. The History of England and the British Empire. This course 
deals with the development of England and the Empire from the earliest 
times to the present. Throughout the vear. Three semester hours 
credit. Tuesday evenings, 7:00 p. m. Professor F. K. Miller 

OR 

E-213. The Renaissance and the Reformation. A studv of the po- 
litical, economic, cultural and social chanp-es that occurred from the 
13th to the 16th centuries. One semester. Three semester hours credit. 
Tuesday evenings. 7:00 p. m. Professor F. K. Miller 

E-223. The French Revolution and Napoleon. A survey of the 
conditions in the 17th and 18th centuries which led to the outbreak of 
the Revolution; the events of the Revolution itself, and the effect of the 
Revolution upon the rest of Europe. The career of Napoleon and the 
results of his work. One semester. Three semester hours credit. Tues- 
day evenings, 7:00 n. m. Professor F. K. Miller 

MATHEMATICS 

E-13. Advanced Algebra. Covering ratio and proportion; variation; 
progress" ons; binominal theorem; theorem of undetermined coefficients; 

6 



logarithms; permutations and combinations; theory of equations; partial 
fractions, etc. First semester. Three semester hours credit. Wednes- 
day evening's. 7:00 p. m. Dr. Amos H. Black 

E-23. Plane Trigonometry. Definitions of trigonometric functions; 
right and oblique triangles; computation of distances and heights; devel- 
opment of trigonometric formulae. Second semester. Three semester 
hours credit. Wednesday evenings, 7:00 d. m. Dr. Amos H. Black 

OR 

E-36. Analytic Geometry. The equations of the straight line, circle, 
ellipse, parabola and hyperbola are studied. Numerous examples are 
solved, and as much of the higher plane curves and of the geometry of 
space is covered as time will permit. Throughout the year. Three semes- 
ter hours credit. Wednesday eveninp's. 7:00 v. m. Dr. Amos H. Black 

OR 

E-103. Elementary Statistics. General introduction to the use of 
statistics; method of collection of statistical data, tabulation and graphic 
presentation; statistical tables, simple curves, semi-logarithmic or ratio 
charts, various types of charts; ratios and percentages: the freauency 
of distribution; averages; dispersion and skewness; fitting curves; time 
series; fundamentals in index number construction: correlation This 
course will be offered strictly from the mathematical viewDoint. If there 
is a sufficient demand the course will be followed bv a course in applied 
statistics — Business Statistics, offered by the Economics Department of 
the college, the second semester. First semester. Three semester hours 
credit. Wednesday evenings. 7:00 p. m. Dr. Amos Black 

or POLITICAL SCIENCE 

E-16. Principles and Policies of American Government. Through- 
out the year. Three semester hours credit. Thursday evenings. 7:00 
p. m. - _ Dr. H. H. Shenk 

PSYCHOLOGY 

E-53. Applied Psychology. A survey of the applications of Psy- 
chology to the various fields of human relations. It includes such topics 
as: increase of efficiency, effect of suggestion, improvement of personal- 
ity, advertising, and the psychology of the public platform. First se- 
mester. Three semester hours credit. Monday evenings. 7:00 p. m. 

Dr. L. G. Bailey 

OR 

E-13. General Psychology. This course aims to acquaint the stud- 
ent with the psychological standpoint and with the fundamental psycho- 
logical principles. It includes a study of such topics as native tenden- 
cies, acquired tendencies, emotions, imagination, memory, and reason- 
ing. Lectures, discussions. First semester. Three semester hours cred- 
it. Monday evenings, 7:00 p. m. Dr. L. G. Bailey 

E-93. Abnormal Psychology. An introduction to the study of 
abnormal behavior, including such topics as hysteria, multiple personali- 
ty, hypnotism, analysis of nervous and mental maladjustments, and a 
study of psychological processes as they occur in the more marked 
forms of derangement. Prerequisite: General Psychology. Second se- 
mester. Three semester hours credit. Monday evenings, 7:00 p. m. 

OR 

E-63. Mental Hygiene. A study of wholesome effective person- 
ality adjustments, including the causes and treatment of the more com- 
mon and emotional maladjustments among college students. Pre-requi- 
site: General Psychology. Second semester. Three semester hours credit. 
Monday evenings, 7:00 p. m. Dr. L. G. Bailey 



MIDDLETOWN EXTENSION COURSES 

Middletown HiR-h School 

Registration for extension courses in Middletown will be held in the 
Hifirh School in Middletown on Monday and Tuesday evenines, SeDtember 
21st and September 22nd from 7:00 to 9:00 v. m. 

Students interested in extension classes may consult with the direc- 
tor and extension teachers at the times indicated relatiye to the courses 
desired. 

Any course listed in the Bulletin as beinp- offered in Harrisbura' or 
Annville, with the exception of laboratory work in the Science courses, 
will be a'iven in Middletown, provided there is a sufficient demand for 
the course. 

While working in the defense industries and other occupations it is 
possible to secure College courses and to proceed toward a College de- 
gree. 

To aid more directly in the defense industries courses may be of- 
fered in: Accounting, Chemistry, Mathematics, Physics and Statistic?. 

The time any course will be offered will be arraneed at the time 
of registration. 

SATURDAY AND EVENING CLASSES 

1942-1943 
Administration Buildiyiq, Annville, Pa. 

Classes will be organized Friday, September 18th, 7:00 p. m. 



Course 


Room No. 


Professor 


Bible 14 


20 


Dr. G. A. Richie 


Biology 18 


23 


Dr. V. Earl Light 


Biology 28 


22 


Dr. S. H. Derickson 


Business Administration 


18 


Dr. M. L. Stokes 


Chemistry 18, 28 


9 


Dr. Andrew Bender 


Economics 


18 


Dr. M. L. Stokes 


Education 


Philo Hall 


Dr. Clyde S. Stine 


English 


16 


Dr. Wallace and Dr. Struble 


French 


15 


Mary C. Green 


German 


13 


Dr. Lena L. Lietzau 


History 


18 


Professor F. K. Miller 


Latin 


Dean's Office 


Dr. A. H. M. Stonecipher 


Mathematics 


17 


Dr. Amos Black and Dr. S 
0. Grimm 


Music 553 


Conservatory 


Mary E. Gillespie 


Philosophy 02, 32 


5 


Dr. P. 0. Shettel 


Physics 18 


17 


Dr. Jermain D Porter 


Psycholoerv 


27 


Dr. L. G. Bailey 


Sociology 


5 


Dr. H. H. Shenk 


Spanish 


29 


Dr. Stella J. Stevenson 



DESCRIPTION OF COURSES OFFERED 
IN ANNVILLE 

The following courses will be offered by the college at Annville dur- 
ing the college year 1942-1943. The Science courses offer four semester 
hours credit — two hours credit for the lecture work and two hours credit 
for the laboratory Avork per semester. The lecture work and the labora- 
tory work are offered on different evenings. If the classes so desire_ the 
laboratory work may be offered Saturday mornings. Residence credit is 
given for all courses taken at the college. 

The time for the weekly meetings of each class will be arranged 



at the time classes are organized. Org^anization of classes will take place 
Friday. September 18th, at 7:00 p. m. 

Most of the courses are offered Friday evenings, and are offered at 
such times as to enable students to take two courses. Should a class so 
desire a course may be offered on Saturday mornings. 

BIBLE 

14. Introduction to English Bible. — An appreciative and historical 
suryey of the literature of tlie Old and New Testaments. This is a re- 
quired course for all students proceeding to a degree. Throughout the 
year. Two semester hours credit. Dr. G. A. Richie 

82. The Teaching of Jesus. This covirse attemnts an intensive 
study of the religious concepts of Jesus as set forth in the Gosnels. This 
course is ■- required f'ourse for all students proceeding to a des'ree. Sec- 
ond semester. Two semester hours credit. Dr. P. 0. Shettel 

BIOLOGY 

18. General Biology. — This course fulfills the science require- 
ments of students proceeding toward a degree excepting those majoring 
in science in which case additional science courses are required. In addi- 
tion to two hours of lectures per week, four hours work per week in the 
laboratory is required. The lectures will be held on Tuesday evenings 
and the laboratory work will be held on Wednesday evenings. Credit 
will be granted to those students who wish only the lecture work and 
not the laboratory work. Throughout the year. Four semester hours 
credit. Dr. V. Earl Light 

28. Botany. The object of the course is to give the student a 
general knowledge of the plant kingdom. One or more types of each 
of the classes of algae, fungae, liverworts, mosses, ferns, and seed plants 
are studied. 

Special attention is given to the phvlos'eny and ontogeny of the 
several groups, and constant comparisons are made of those structures 
indicating relationships. The princinles of classification are learned 
by the identification of about one hundred and fifty soecies of ijlants 
represented in the local sprinp- -^^ora. These studies are conducted in 
the field so that the plants are seen as dynamic forces adapted to their 
environment. Throughout the year. Four semester hours credit. 

Dr. S. H. Derickson 
BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 

14. Economic Geography. (See description on page 5). Three 
semester hours credit. First semester. 

OR 

153. Investments. The course deals with the develonment and 
place of investment in the field of business and its relation to other eco- 
nomic, legal and social institutions. The nrincinles of investments are 
presented along with a description of investment machinery. An an- 
alysis is made of the various classes of investment. Three semester 
hours credit. First semester. 

73. Marketing. A study is made of the methods and nolicies of 
the marketing of agriculture products and the merchandising of manu- 
factured commodities. The following tonics are dealt with in particular: 
meaning and importance of marketine distribution: marketing functions: 
trade channels; development of marketing methods: co-operative mar- 
ketins-; price policies: trade information: market analysis: marketin<? 
costs: an analysis of the merits and defects of the existina- distributive 
organization. Three semester hours credit. Second semester. 

36. Accounting. If a sufficient number demand a course in Ac- 
counting this may be offered in place of any of the above. 

CHEMISTRY 

18. General Inorganic Chemistry. A svs*^ematic study of the fun- 
damentals of Chemistry. The rapid increase in knowledge of the material 

9 



world in which we live and particularly the new knowledge of the con- 
stitution and structure of matter demands a popular approach to Chem- 
istry. While this procedure is followed in the course, the aim is to lay a 
firm foundation for those who will pursue the subject matter further. 
The time for lectures and for the laboratory work will be arranged when 
the class is organized. Throughout the year. Four semester hours credit. 

Dr. Andrew Bender 
OR 

48. Organic Chemistry. The course includes a study of the 
sources, classification and type reactions of organic materials. It includes 
foodstuffs and their relation to nutrition, dyes, pharmaceuticals, explos- 
ives, coal tar intermediates and manufacturing processes. 

The laboratory work consists of about sixty experiments covering the 
preparation and study of a wide range of representative compounds. Pre- 
requisite Chemistry 18. Laboratory fee is $24.00. The time for lec- 
tures and for the laboratory work will be arranged when the class is 
organized. Throughout the year. Four semester hours credit. 

Dr. Andrew Bender 

98. Analytical Chemistry. A course in Analytical Chemistrv will 
be offered if there is a sufficient demand for it. The course offers eight 
semester hours credit. Dr. Andrew Bender 

ECONOMICS 

16. Economic Theory. A course dealine with the principles of eco- 
nomics. Throughout the year. The course mav be taken either semes- 
ter or both semesters. Three semester hours credit. Dr. M. L. Stokes 

OR 

33. Money and Banking. This course deals with: the nature and 
functions of money; monetarv standards and systems: monetarv devel- 
opment in the United States; the national banking system: the struc- 
ture and functions of the Federal Reserve Svstem: commercial bankine: 
credit and its uses; credit control: monetary policy and the business 
cycle; central banks; investment bankine; savings banks: consumptive 
credit institutions; agricultural credit. Either semester. Three semes- 
ter hours credit. Dr. M. L. Stokes 

EDUCATION 

202 or 203. Visual Education. — The psychology of visual and sen- 
sory aids to learning and their administration will be studied. Special 
attention will be given to the sources and types of visual aids which 
are within the means of the ordinary school system and classroom 
teacher. Lectures, readings, reports, demonstrations and individual pro- 
jects. The State course will be followed. Laboratory fee, $4.00. First 
semester. Two or three semester hours credit. Dr. Clyde S. Stine 

13. History of Education. An analysis of the history of education 
from the time of early Greek education to the present day. Special at- 
tention will be given to the aims, content, organization, and results of 
the educational systems of various countries, as well as to the great 
leaders of educational thought. Three semester hours credit. Second 
semester. Dr. Clyde S. Stine 

OR 

82. Educational Measurements.— A critical analysis of the problemsi 
in measuring the results of teaching. A studv of the uses and adminis- 
tration of representative tests and scales for junior and senior high 
school subjects. Second semester. Two semester hours credit. 

Dr. Clvde S. Stine 

NOTE: If there should be a sufficient demand any other standard 
course in the Secondary Educational field may be offered in place of 
or in addition to History of Education or Educational Measurements. 

ENGLISH 

63. Shakespeare, A brief survey of the drama from ancient 

xo 



Greece to Elizabethan England, followed by a study of Shakespeare's 
principal comedies, histories and tragedies. Throughout the year. Three 
semester hours credit. Dr. P. A. W. Wallace 

522. American Literature. From the beginnings to the present 
day. First semester. Three semester hours credit. 

Dr. George G. Struble 

152. History of the English Language. Historical study of Eng- 
lish sounds, reflections and vocabulary. Standards of correctness, cur- 
rent usage. Recommended especially for prospective teachers of Eng- 
lish. Second semester. Three semester hours credit. 

Dr. George G. Struble 

OR 
132. Contemporary Drama. A survey of American and British 
Drama since 1890. Three semester hours credit. Either semester. 

Dr. Georsre G. Struble 
FRENCH 
06. Elementary French. — This course is intended for those who 
begin French in College. Its aim is to enable the student to write simple 
French sentences, to carry on a conversat.'on in easy French, and to 
read Frtnch of ordinary difficulty. College credit of six semester hours 
will be granted for this course, if followed by French 16, but it cannot 
be counted toward a major. The course is given throughout the year. 

Mary C. Green 
OR 
16. First Year College French. — This is a continuation and exten- 
sion of course 06, and includes further drill in the principles of grammar, 
practice in conversation, composition, and dictation, and more extensive 
reading. This course is given throughout the year. Three hours credit 
per semester. Mary C. Green 

GERMAN 

06. Elementary German. Intended to give students a reading 
knowledge of German of average difficulty, and to enable them to un- 
derstand the spoken language and to express simple ideas idiomatically. 
College credit of six semester hours will be granted for this course 
only if followed by German 16. The course is given throughout the 
year. Dr. Lena L. Lietzau 

OR 

16. "Kulturkunde." — The making of Modern Germany, its geog- 
raphy, its institutions, its social and artistic life, illustrated by maps, 
pictures and readings from contemporary literature. This course is not 
only a preparation for the study of German literature but is intended 
also for those who wish to use German as a tool for advanced work in 
science and other fields. Throughout the year. Three semester hours 
credit. Dr. Lena Lietzau 

If there should be a sufficient demand anv other course in German 
listed in the College Bulletin mav be o-iven in nlace of the above. 

HISTORY 

63. Economic History of the United States. A studv of the back- 
ground of American Historv includino' the orowth of American Agri- 
cultural and Industrial Interests from Colonial beginnings to the pres- 
ent day development. ' One semester. Three semester hours credit. 

Professor F. K. Miller 

163. Economic History of Europe. The course deals with the eco- 
nomic achievements in Eurooe from nreliterarv times to the present: 
economic life in the Mediterranean Basin in Classical times: the founda- 
tions of economic life in the Middle Aees: th<^ Manorial svstem and 
agrarian society the towns, trade, and industry in the Middle Ages; 
the expansion of Europe and the a"'e of discoverv: the Industrial Rev- 

11 



olution and the beffin-Mnffs of modern indus+rv and aericulture: Capital- 
ism and commercial policies in the earlv modern period: revolution in 
power, transportation and communication; economic imperialism and the 
World War; the post-war world. One semester. Three semester hours 
credit. Professor F. K. Miller 

OR 
23-A. Europe From 1815 to 1914. A survey of Nineteenth Cen- 
tury Europe. This course will be followed by History 23-B. First 
semester. Three semester hours credit. Professor F. K. Miller 

23-B. Europe From 1914 to the Present. A study of the World 
War and post-war problems. Emphasis will be placed upon current his- 
tory. Second semester. Three semester hours credit. 

Professor F. K. Miller 
LATIN 
Any course listed in the CoUeee Bulletin for which there is a suf- 
ficient demand will be offered. Three semester hours credit per semes- 
ter. Dr. A. H. M. Stonecipher 

MATHEMATICS 
13. Advanced Algebra. Covering: ratio and proportion, variation, 
progressions, binominal theorem, theorem of undetermined coefficients, 
loffarithms, permutations and combinations, theory of eauations. partial 
fractions, etc. First semester. Three semester hours credit. 

Dr. Amos H. Black 
23. Plane Trigonometry. Definitions of trigonometric functions, 
riffht and oblique triangles, computation of distances and heights, devel- 
opment of trigonometric formulae. Second semester. Three semester 
hours credit. Dr. Amos H. Black 

OR 
36. Analytic Geometry. The equations of the straight line, circle, 
ellipse, parabola and hyperbola are studied. Numerous examples are 
solved, and as much of the higher plane curves and of the geometry of 
space is covered as time will permit. Throughout the year. Three semes- 
ter hours credit. Dr. Amos H. Black 

OR 
74. Differential Equations. A course in the elements of differen- 
tial equations. Throughout the year. Two semester hours credit. 

Dr. Amos H. Black 
113. Introduction to the Mathematics of Finance. This course takes 
up the solution of the quadratic equation, logarithms, progressions, per- 
mutations and combinations, and the application of these to financirl 
problems. First semester. Three semester hours credit. 

Dr. S. 0. Grimm 
123. Mathematics of Finance. — The course seeks to present the 
mathematical principles and operations used in financial work. A de- 
tailed study of compound interest, compound discount, and annuities 
is undertaken. Application of these principles is then made to practical 
problems of amortization, sinking funds, depreciation, valuation of 
bonds, and building and loan associations. Second semester. Three se- 
mester hours credit. Dr. S. O. Grimm 

MUSIC 
553. Music History and Appreciation. In this course the devel- 
opments of music are treated briefly, with emphasis placed on the growth 
of musical movements on the lives, works and influence of the great com- 
posers. An integral part of the course will be listening to representative 
music of the different periods of musical history, and of the important 
composers. First semester. Three semester hours credit. 

Mary E. Gillespie 
PHILOSOPHY 
32. Ethics.- — ^The aim of this course is to acquaint the student with 

12 



the academic ethical problems, and to effect an awakening and a 
strengthening of the moral sense. This is a required course for all 
students proceeding- to a degree. First semester. Two semester hours 
credit. Dr. Paul 0. Shettel 

02. Introduction to Philosophy. — The course is intended to intro- 
duce beginners to the basic problems and theories of philosophy and 
quicken them to appreciation of the role played by philosophy in the 
whole movement of civilization, while at the same time giving them 
at least an inkling of the work of the greatest thinkers and arousing in 
them a desire to go to the sources. Either semester. Two semester 
hours credit. Dr. Paul 0. Shettel 

OR 
PHILOSOPHY 

23-A. Ancient and Medieval Philosophy. In this course the aim 
will be (1) to trace the development of nhilosophv. nointing out what 
of permanent value each svstem as it arose contributed toward a final 
solution of the nature of being, and (2) to show the interaction be- 
tween philosophic thought and the practical life of the period during 
which it flourished. First semester. Three semester hours credit. 

Dr. P 0. Shettel 

23-B. Modern Philosophy. A continuation of 23-A. Second se- 
mester. Three semester hours credit. Dr. P. 0. Shettel 

PHYSICS 

16. General College Physics. The course will be a thorough in- 
vestigation of the fundamental principles of Physical Science. Lectures 
and laboratory work. Throughout the year. Three semester hours 
credit. Dr. Jermain D. Porter 

12. General Physics Laboratory. Laboratory work assoc'ated with 
the subject matter of Physics 16. This course should accompany Physics 
16. One semester hour credit. Dr. Jermain D. Forcer 

PSYCHOLOGY 
53. Applied Psychology. A survey of the aDplications of Psvchol- 
ogv to the various fields of human relations. It includes such tonics as: 
increase in efficiency, effect of sug!?estions. improvement of nersonality, 
advertising, and the psychologv of the public platform. First semester. 
Three semester hours credit. Dr. L. G. Bailey 

OR 

13. General Psychology. This course aims to acauaint the student 
with the psvchological standpoint and with the fundamental psvcholog'- 
cal principles. It includes a study of such topics as native tendencies, ac- 
quired tendencies, emotions, imagination, memory, and reasoning. Les- 
tures, discussions. First semester. Three semester hours credit. 

Dr. L. G. Bailev 
93. Abnormal Psychology. An introduction to the studv of abnor- 
mal behavior, including such topics as hvsteria. multiple persona lit v. 
hypnotism, analysis of nervous and mental maladjustments, and a study 
of psychological processes as thev occur in the more marked forms of 
derangement. Prerequisite: General Psvchology. Second semester. Three 
semester hours credit. Dr. L. G. Bailey 

OR 
63. Mental Hygiene. A studv of wholesome effective personal- 
ity adjustments, including the causes and treatment of the more common 
and emotional maladjustments among college students. Pre-reauisite: 
General Psychologv. Second semester. Three semester hoars credit. 

Dr. L. G. Bailev 
SOCIOLOGY 
16. Principles of Sociology. Throughout the vear. Students mav 
enter either semester. Three semester hours credit. Dr. H. H. Shenk 

13 



SPANISH 

06. Elementary Spanish. This course is intended for those who 
beg'in Spanish in college. Its aim is to enable students to write simple 
Spanish sentences, to carry on a conversation in easy Spanish, and to 
read Spanish of ordinary difficulty. College credit of six semester 
hours will be granted for this course if followed by Spanish 16. 

Dr. Stella J. Stevenson 
OR 
16. First Year College Spanish. This is a continuation and exten- 
sion of course 06 and includes further drill in the principles of gram- 
mar, practice in conversation, composition, and dictation, and more ex- 
tensive reading. For entrance to Spanish 16, the preparatory course 
06 or its equivalent (two years of high-school Spanish) will be required. 
Throughout the year. Three semester hours credit. 

Dr. Stella J. Stevenson 

OR 
26. Spanish Literature of the Nineteenth Century. Novels and 
plays will be studied and discussed in class or reported unon. Compo- 
sition and conversation. Throu<?hout the vear. Three semester hours 
credit. Dr. Stella J. Stevenson 

STATISTICS 

103. Elementary Statistics. General introduction _ to the use 
of statistics; method of collection, tabulation and graphic presentation; 
analysis and interpretation; charts; averages, dispersion and skewness; 
correlation; application to the study of business cycles, population, and 
other problems. Required course for all majors in Business Adminis- 
tration and Economics. The course is a particularly valuable course for 
those preparing for Civil Service Examinations. This is strictly a first 
course in statistics. Either semester. Three semester hours credit. 

Dr. Amos Black 
ASTRONOMY 

13. General Astronomy. A course in descriptive astronomy. Re- 
ports on assigned readings. Important constellations and star groups are 
studied. 

A fine four-and-a-half inch achromatic telescope adds to the inter- 
est of the subject. One semester. Three semester hours credit. 

Dr. S. O. Grimm. 



These couises in Spanish may he used equally with French. German, Greek, and 
Latin to meet the general college reciuirement in foreign language. 

14 



In accordance with the wishes of the War Department, Lebanon 
Valley College, along with other colleges and universities throughout 
the country, has accelerated its program of studies. The purpose of this 
academic speed-up is, on the one hand, to enable young men to com- 
plete their college education before being called to military service, and, 
on the other, to enable those who have already been accepted by the 
Army or Navy for the Enlisted Reserve Corps to complete their educa- 
tion in the shortest possible time. 

The accelerated program has been accomplished, not by the elim- 
ination of standard courses, but by lengthening the summer sessions 
and increasing the Evening School and Extension classes. It is now 
possible for students in regular attendance at the College to complete 
the work required for the baccalaureate degree in three years instead 
of the traditional four. Extension students may, by taking advantage 
of the increased number of evening classes offered during both the win- 
ter and the summer, materially shorten the time hitherto required for 
attainment of the bachelor's degree. 

If you wish to learn how the accelerated program may be adapted 
to your individual needs, write to Dr. M. L. Stokes, Director of Ex- 
tension and Summer School, Lebanon Valley College.