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Full text of "Lebanon Valley College Catalog: Extension, Saturday, and Evening Class Bulletin"

Lebanon Valley College 

BULLETIN 



EXTENSION, SATURDAY 
and EVENING CLASSES 

1945 - 1946 



PUBLISHED BY 

LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

ANNVILLE, PA. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE BULLE TIN 

Volume XYYIV August, 1945 Number 5 



Entered as second class matter at thei post office at Annville, Pennsylvania, un- 
der the Act of August 24, 1912. Published in the months of January, February. 
April, May, August, October, and November. 



Faculty of Extension, Saturday and Evening School 



Clyde A. Lynch, A.M., B.D., Ph.D., D.D., LL.D. 

President 

Hiram H. Shenk, A.M., LL.D. 
Professor of History and Social Science 

Samuel H. Derickson, B.S., M.S., Sc.D. 
Professor of Biological Science 

Andrew Bender, Ph.D. 

Professor of Chemistry 

Paul A. Wallace, Ph.D. 
Professor of English 

G. A. Richie, A.M., B.D., D.D. 
Professor of Bible and Greek 

Milton L. Stokes, M.A., LL.B., Ph.D. 

Director of Extension and Evening Classes and Professor of Economics 

Stella J. Stevenson, Ph.D. 
Professor of French and Spanish Language and Literature 

V. Earl Light. Ph.D. 

Associate Professor of Biological Science 

Lena Louise Lietzau, Ph.D. 
Professor of German 

George G. Struble, Ph.D. 

■ | ; Associate Professor of English 

L. G. Bailey, Ph.D. 
Professor of Psychology 

' : Mary E. Gillespie, M.A. 

: Director of the Conservatory 

Alvin H. M. Stonecipher, Ph.D. 
Dean and Acting Professor of Philosophy 

Amos H. Black, Ph.D. 

Professor of Mathematics 

Clyde S. Stine, Ph.D. 
; , Professor of Education 



GENERAL STATEMENT 

Through extension work in Harrisburg, evening classes at the col- 
lege in Annville, and summer school, Lebanon Valley College has for 
many years enabled many students to obtain college courses and secure 
academic degrees while continuing their regular occupations. By a care- 
ful selection of courses and consultation with the heads of the depart- 
ments of the college or the director of extension and evening classes, a 
student can meet the requirements of the college for a baccalaureate 
degree while earning a livelihood. 

All extension and evening courses are taught by full-time members 
of the college faculty. The courses offered in extension and evening 
class work are so alternated from year to year that a student can readily 
secure those required for graduation. 

ACADEMIC STANDING 

Lebanon Valley College is fully accredited by the Department of 
Public Instruction of Pennsylvania, the American Association of Col- 
leges and Secondary Schools of the Middle Atlantic States and Mary- 
land. It is a member of the Association of American Colleges and of 
the American Council on Education. 

Lebanon Valley College is a Member of the National Association 
of Schools of Music. The Conservatory of Music is fully accredited by 
the Department of Public Instruction of Pennsylvania. 

LOCATION 

The college is situated at Annville, twenty-one miles east of Harris- 
burg: on the Benjamin Franklin Highway. Students from Harrisburg 
and the vicinity may commute to the college in less than fortv minutes 
time. 

REQUIREMENTS FOR DEGREE 

Lebanon Valley College offers the degree of Bachelor of Arts (A.B.) 
and the degree of Bachelor of Science (B.S.) 

Residence Degrees will be conferred only upon candidates who have 
requirement completed a minimum of 30 semester hours work in regu- 
larly conducted classes on the college campus. This re- 
quirement may be met through attendance at evening and Saturday 
classes offered at the college. 

Candidates for degrees must obtain a minimum of 126 se- 
Hours mester hours credits in academic work, and four in Physical 

Education. Extension and evening class students are not required to 
have the work in Physical Education. 

Oualitv Candidates for degrees must also obtain a mimimum of 130 
j* . y quality points, computed as follows: for a grade of A, 3 
fomts points for each credit hour; for a grade of B, 2 points; for 

a grade of C, 1 point. No quality credit will be given for a grade of D. 
Major *^ s par * °^ * n ' s total requirement, every candidate must 

and Minor Present at least 24 semester hours in one department (to 
be known as his Major), and at least 16 semester hours in 
another department (to be known as his Minor). Both Major and Minor 
must be selected before registration for the sophomore year, the Minor 
to be suitably related to the Major, and chosen with the advice and ap- 
proval of the Head of the Major Department. 

The A.B. degree will be awarded to those fulfilling the requirements 
for a Major in the following departments: Bible and Religion, English, 
French, German, Greek, History, Latin, Mathematics (Arts option). 
Political Science and Sociology, Philosophy, and Psychology. The B. S. 
degree will be awarded to those fulfilling the requirements for a Major 
in the following denartments: Biology. Chemistry. Mathematics (Science 
option), Physics, Business Administration and Economics, Education, 
Music Education. 

Students majoring in Education must take two Minors of not less 
than 18 semester hours each. 

4 



GENERAL REQUIREMENTS 

Certain courses embodying the fundamentals of a liberal education, 
are required by all students. These courses, which vary slightly 
according to the degree sought, are ao follows: 

Bible 14 and 82 6 hours 

English 16 and 26 12 hours 

Foreign Language 1 

History 2 6 hours 

Hygiene and Orientation 2 hours 

Mathematics 3 

Philosophy 32 2 hours 

Physical Education 4 hours 

Psychology 13 3 hours 

Science 4 

Social Studies 6 hours 

Economics 16 or 

Philosophy 23-A and 23-B or 

Political Science 16 or 

Sociology 13 and 23 

1 For the A.B. degree 12 hours of Foreign Language are required. 

For the B.S. degree 6 hours are required above the beginners' course. Courses 
may be selected from French, German, Latin, or Spanish. 

2 This may be made up from the following courses: History 13, 123, 213, 23-A, 
23-B, 46, 412, 422, 43-B. 

3 Math. 13, 23, and 48 are required for the degree of B.S. in Science. Pre-Medical 
students may substitute an elective for Math. 48. Students majoring in Business Ad- 
ministration and Economics are required to take Math. 13 and 23 or 113 and 123. 

4 Biology 18, Chemistry 18, and Physics 18 are required of candidates for the 
B.S. degree with a major in Science. Others may elect one of the three. 

For explanation, of the numbers see the college Bulletin. 

Students outlining a course for a degree should communicate at 
once with the Head of the Department in which they intend to Major. 

Candidates for the Baccalaureate degree who desire to be admitted 
to advanced standing by virtue of work done in other institutions, should 
lose no time in having their credits evaluated by the Registrar, in order 
that they may be informed as to what requirements they must meet for 
graduation. 

PRE-PROFESSIONAL COURSES 

The college offers pre-medical, pre-legal, pre-theological courses 
to prepare students for entrance to schools of Medicine, Law, and The- 
ology. For students who wish to major in the field of economics in 
preparation for the business world, the college offers a course in Bus- 
iness Administration. Students interested in these fields should write 
to the Registrar for the College Bulletin. 

MUSIC 

The college has a separate department, the Conservatory of Music, 
for those interested in Music. Students interested in this field should 
write either to the Director of the Conservatory of Music or the College 
Registrar for the bulletin of the Conservatory. 

CREDITS 

Credits will be issued to all students showing the courses attended, 
grades and number of semester hours credit. 

FEES 

A fee of one dollar will be charged for matriculation. In the case of 
students registered in both extension and evening courses only one ma- 
triculation fee is required. The tuition charge for Extension and Sat- 
urday and Evening Courses will be $8.50 for each semester hour of 
credit. A special tuition fee of $5.00 per semester hour will be charged 
persons who desire to take any of the courses as an auditor, without ex- 
amination and without credit. 

5 



Fees are due and payable within ten days after receipt of the bill 
from the Finance Office of the College. Remittances' should be made to 
Lebanon Valley College and may be sent by mail to the Secretary of 
the Finance Committee. 

REGISTRATION 

Special registration evenings for the extension classes in Harrisburg 
will be held in th e Central High School Building, on Forster Street, from 
7:00-9:00 p. m. on Monday and Tuesday evenings, September 17th and 
18th. At that time students interested in Extension classes may meet 
and consult with the director, and extension class' teachers relative to 
their courses. Students unable to register on either of the above eve- 
nings may do so on the evening the class in which they are interested 
meets. 

Registration for the evening classes at Annville will be held on 
Friday evening, September 21st, from 7:00 to 9:00 p. m. 

EXTENSION COURSES— 1945-1946 

Central School, Forster Street, Harrisburg, Pa. 
Classes begin the week of September 17th. 

Course Time 

Psychology Mondays, 7:00 p. m. 

History Tuesdays, 7:00 p. m. 

Mathematics Tuesdays, 7:00 P- ni. 

Economic Geography Wednesdays, 4:30 p. m. 

Economics Wednesdays, 7:00 p. m. 

English Thursdays, 7:00 p. m. 



American Government 

Biology 

Education 

Principles of Sociology 

Spanish 



To be determined at time 
of registration. 



DESCRIPTION OF COURSES OFFERED 
IN HARRISBURG 
BIOLOGY 
E-18. General Biology. This course fulfills the science requirements 
of students proceeding toward a degree excepting those majoring in 
science in which case additional science courses are required. In addi- 
tion to two hours of lectures per week, four hours work per week in the 
laboratory is required. The laboratory work will be held on Friday eve- 
nings or on Saturdays. Credit will be gi anted to those students who wish 
only the lecture work and not the laboratory work. Throughout the 
year. Four semester hours credit per semester. 

ECONOMICS 

(One or more of the following courses, depending on demand.) 
E-16. Principles of Economics. A course dealing with the principles 
underlying the operation of the economic system. A study of production, 
value, distribution and consumption. The course is based partly on lec- 
tures and partly on a discussion of problems. Throughout the year. 
Students may take either or both semesters. Three semester hours 
credit per semester. Wednesday evenings, 7:00 p. m. 



E-113. Economic Geography. The course deals with: the field and 
function of economic geography, distribution of population, the earth, 
land forms, influence of soils, temperature, winds and ocean currents, 
climates of the world. Much of the course will deal with the more im- 
portant commodities' of the world's trade — their production, export and 
import in the various countries of the world. Stress will be laid on the 
chief sources of raw materials, their industrial uses and the ma ike ting 
and transportation problems connected therewith. Particular stress will 
be placed on critical and strategic materials, their availability and sub- 
stitutes, if any. Fiist or second semester. Three semester hours credit. 
Wednesdays, 4:30 p. m. 

E-33. Money and Banking. This course deals with: the nature and 
functions of money; monetary standards and systems; monetary develop- 
ment in the United States; the National banking system; the structure 
and functions of the Federal Reserve System; commercial banking; 
credit and its uses; credit control; monetary policy and the business 
cycle; central banks; investment banking; savings banks; consumptive 
credit institutions; agricultural credit. One semester. Three semester 
hours credit. Wednesdays, 7:00 p. m. 

E-73. Contemporary Economic Problems. This course is devoted 
specifically to the study of present day economic problems. It deals 
with the problems of rationing, price ceilings, inflation, taxation, the 
business cycle, the banking system, agriculture, transportation, popula- 
tion, labor, post-war period. One semester. Three semester hours credit. 
Wednesday evenings, 7:00 p. m. 

EDUCATION 

(One or more of the following courses, depending on demand.) 

43. History of Education in the United States. The development of 
education in the United States in relation to social and economic changes 
from colonial times to the present, including detailed study of develop- 
ments in Pennsylvania. One semester. Three semester hours credit. 

E-83. Educational Measurements. Preparation for testing by the 
classroom teacher is offered through studying principles of validity and 
reliability, appraising and constructing tests, and considering the use of 
results. Laboratory fee of one dollar. Three semester hours credit. 
One semester. 

E-2;03. Visual and Sensory Techniques. Psychological bases for 
sensory aids; use of apparatus; sources of equipment and supplies. Lab- 
oratory fee of four dollars. One semester. Three semester hours credit. 
May be taken for two hours credit. 

ENGLISH 
(One or more of the following courses, depending on demand.) 

E-16. English Composition. This course is required of all students 
proceeding to a college degree. Throughout the year. Six semester hours 
credit. Thursday evenings, 7:00 p. m. 

E-26. Survey of English Literature. This course is required of 
students proceeding to a college degree. Throughout the year. Three 
semester hours credit per semester. Thursday evenings, 7:00 p. m. 

E-66. Shakespeare. A study of selections from comedies, tragedies, 
and histories. Three semester hours credit each semester. Thursday 
evenings, 7:00 p. m. 



E-526. American Literature. This course will deal with American 
Literature from the beginnings to the present day. Throughout the year. 
Three semester hours credit per semester. Thursday evenings, 7:00 p. m. 

HISTORY 

(One or more of the following courses, depending on demand.) 

E-36. The History of England and the British Empire. This course 
deals with the development of England and the Empire from the earliest 
times to the present. Throughout the year. Three semester hours credit 
per semester. Tuesday evenings, 7:00 p. m. 

E-46. Political and Social History of the United States and Penn- 
sylvania.* A general survey of American History with particular at- 
tention to social and cultural trends. Attention will be given to the his- 
tory of Pennsylvania. Throughout the year. Three semester hours credit 
per semester. Tuesday evenings, 7:00 p. m. 

E-63. Economic History of the United States. A study of the eco- 
nomic background of American History including the growth of Ameri- 
can agricultural and industrial interests, from their colonial beginnings 
to their present day development. Three semester hours credit. 

E-213. The Renaissance and Reformation. A study of the political, 
economic, cultural, and religious changes that occurred from the thir- 
teenth to the sixteenth centuries. First semester. Three semester hours 
credit. 

E-223. The French Revolution and Napoleon. A survey of the con- 
ditions in seventeenth and eighteenth century Europe which led to the 
outbreak of Revolution; the events of the Revolution itself; and the 
effect of the Revolution upon the rest of Europe. Napoleon and the 
results of his work. Second semester. Three semester hours credit. 

MATHEMATICS 

(One or more of the following courses, depending on demand.) 
E-13. Advanced Algebra. Covering ratio and proportion; variation; 
progressions; binominal theorem; theorem of undetermined coefficients; 
logarithms; permutations and combinations; theory of equations; partial 
fractions, etc. First semester. Three semester hours credit. Tuesday 
evenings, 7:00 p. m. 

E-23. Plane Trigonometry. Definitions of trigonometric functions; 
right and oblique triangles; computation of distances and heights; de- 
velopment of trigonometric formulae. Second semester. Three semester 
hours credit. Tuesday evenings', 7:00 p. m. 

E-36. Analytic Geometry. The equations of the straight line, circle, 
ellipse, parabola and hyperbola are studied. Numerous examples are 
solved, and as much of the higher plane curves and of the geometry of 
space is covered as 1 time will permit. Throughout the year. Three semes- 



* Attention is called to the action of State Council of Education, December 
4, 1942. 

"That subsequent to September 1, 1943, all permanent certificates issued by 
the Department of Pubilc Instruction to teach in the public schools of the Com- 
monwealth, shall, in addition to the present regulations, require a basic course 
in the history of the United States and Pennsylvania. 

And further, that subsequent to September 1, 1944, all certificates issued by 
the Department of Public Instruction to teach in the public schools of the Com- 
monwealth shall, in addition to the present regulations, require a basic course 
in the history of the United States and Pennsylvania." 

The above course is designed to meet the requirements of the State. 

8 



ter hours credit per semester. Tuesday evenings, 7:00 p. m. 

E-103. Elementary Statistics. General introduction to the use of 
statistics; method of collection of statistical data, tabulation and graphic 
presentation; statistical tables, simple curves, semi-logarithmic or ratio 
charts, various types of charts; ratios and percentages; frequency dis- 
tribution; averages; dispersion and skewness; fitting curves; time series; 
fundamentals in index number construction; correlation. This course 
will be offered strictly from the mathematical viewpoint. If there is 
a sufficient demand the course will be followed by a course in applied 
statistics 1 — Business Statistics — offered by the Economics Department 
of the college, the second semester. One semester. Three semester hours 
credit. Tuesday evenings, 7:00 p. m. 

POLITICAL SCIENCE 
E-16. American Government and Politics. A course designed to give 
the students a working knowledge of the fundamentals of Federal and 
State Government. Three or six semester horns credit. 

PSYCHOLOGY 

(One or more of the following courses, depending on demand.) 

E-13. General Psychology. This course aims to acquaint the stu- 
dent with the psychological standpoint and with the fundamental psy- 
chological principles. It includes a study of such topics as native tenden- 
cies, acquired tendencies, emotions, imagination, memory, and reasoning. 
Lectures', discussions and laboratory work. Three semester hours credit. 
Monday evenings, 7:00 p. m. 

E-23. Educational Psychology. Designed to meet the needs of 
students of education who are seeking from psychology the facts and 
principles 1 that have a bearing on their problems. Special emphasis is 
placed on the learning process. Prerequisite: Psychology 13. Three 
semester hours credit. Monday evenings, 7:00 p. m. 

E-43. Psychology of Adolescence. A study of the physical and 
mental changes which characterize adolescence. The questions of rate 
and variation in learning, motive, personality, disturbances and control 
of behavior will be handled. This course has been approved by the State 
Department of Education for professional credit. Three semester hours' 
credit. Monday evenings, 7:00 p. m. 

E-53. Applied Psychology. A survey of the applications of Psychol- 
ogy to the various fields of human relations. It includes such topics as: 
increase in efficiency, effect of suggestions', improvement of personality, 
advertising, and the psychology of the public platform. Three semester 
hours credit. Monday evenings, 7:00 p. m. 

E-63. Mental Hygiene. A study of wholesome effective personality 
adjustments, including causes and treatment of the more common social 
and emotional maladjustments among college students. Prerequisite: 
Psychology 13. Three semester hours credit. Monday evenings, 7:00 p. m. 

E-93. Abnormal Psychology. An introduction to the study of abnor- 
mal behavior, including such topics as hysteria, multiple personality, 
hypnotism, analysis of nervous and mental maladjustments, and a study 
of psychological processes as they occur in the more marked forms of 
derangement. Prerequisite: General Psychology. Three semester hours 
credit. Monday evenings, 7:00 p. m. 



SOCIOLOGY 
E-16. Principles of Sociology. Throughout the year. Students may 
enter either semester. Three semester hours credit per semester. 

SPANISH 
E-16. First Year College Spanish. This is a continuation and exten- 
sion of course 06 and includes further drill in the principles of gram- 
mar, practice in conversation, composition, and dictation, and more ex- 
tensive reading. For entrance to Spanish 16, the preparatory course 06 
or its equivalent (two years of high-school Spanish) will be required. 
Throughout the year. Six semester hours credit. 

DESCRIPTION OF COURSES OFFERED 

IN ANNVILLE 

The following courses will be offered by the college at Annville 
during the college year 1945-1946, The Science courses offer four se- 
mester hours credit — two hours credit for the lecture work and two 
hours credit for the laboratory work per semester. The lecture work 
and the laboratory work will be offered at a time mutually satisfactory 
to students and instructors. Residence credit is given for all courses 
taken at the college. 

The time for the weekly meetings' of each class will be arranged 
at the time classes are organized. Registration and organization of 
classes will take place in the Registrar's Office in the Administration 
Building of the college on Friday, September 21, from 7:00 to 9:00 p. m. 

Most of the courses are offered Friday evenings, and are offered 
at such times as to enable students to take two courses. Should a class 
so desire a course may be offered on Saturday mornings. 

BIBLE 

14. Introduction to English Bible. An appreciative and historical 
survey of the literature of the Old and New Testaments. This is a re- 
quired course for all students' proceeding to a degree. Throughout the 
year. Two semester hours credit per semester. 

82. The Teaching of Jesus. This course attempts an intensive study 
of the religious concepts of Jesus as set forth in the Gospels. Required 
of all proceeding to a college degree at Lebanon Valley College. Two 
semester hours credit. 

BIOLOGY 

18.. General Biology., This course fulfills the science requirements 
of students proceeding toward a degree excepting those majoring in 
science in which case additional science courses are required. In addi- 
tion to two hours of lectures per week, four hours wo;k per week in the 
laboratory is required. The lectures and the laboratory work will be 
held on Saturdays. Credit will be granted to those students who wish 
only the lecture work and not the laboratory work. Throughout the 
year. Four semester hours credit per semester. 

38. Zoology. The course is intended to acquaint the student with 
the structure, life history, and behavior of representatives of each phy- 
lum of animals. In the study of types, structure, function, and adapta- 
tion are given equal emphasis. The principles of phylogeny and ontogeny 
are considered. 

The laboratory and class work is supplemented by field studies in- 

10 



eluding observations of habits, ecological conditions, and the use of keys 
for identification and classification. The laboratory work will be on 
Saturday mornings, 8-12. Throughout the year. Four semester hours 
credit. 

Note: If there should be sufficient demand, other courses in Biology 
may be offered. 

BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 

S-36. Principles of Accounting. A course in accounting principles 
and their application in business to sole traders, partnerships, and cor- 
porations; books of original entry; operating accounts and balance 
sheets; the preparation of financial statements; columnar books; con- 
trolling accounts; elements of corporation accounting; branch house 
accounting; business papers. Three or six semester hours credit. 

CHEMISTRY 

18. General Inorganic Chemistry. A systematic study of the funda- 
mental principles of and the sources', properties and use of the important 
elements and compounds. The lectures are illustrated by displays, dem- 
onstrations, experiments and moving pictures. In the laboratory the 
student acquires first-hand acquaintance with numerous 1 representative 
substances and methods. The laboratory fee is $16.00. Throughout the 
year. Four semester hours credit per semester. 

48. Organic Chemistry. Two hours lectures and recitations and 
three hours of laboiatory work. The course includes a study of the 
sources, classification and type reactions of organic materials. It includes 
foodstuffs and their relation to nutrition, dyes, pharmaceuticals, ex- 
plosives, coal tar intermediates and manufactuiing processes. 

The laboratory work consists of about sixty experiments covering 
the preparation and study of a wide range of representative compounds. 
Prerequisite: Chemistry 18. Laboratory fee is $24.00. Throughout the 
year. Four semester hours credit per semester. 

ECONOMICS 

13. Economic Geography. The course deals with: the field and 
function of economic geography, distribution of population, the earth, 
land forms, influence of soils, temperature, winds and ocean currents, 
climates of the world. Much of the course will deal with the more im- 
portant commodities of the world's trade — their production, export and 
import in the various countries of the world. Stress will be laid on the 
chief sources of raw materials, their industrial uses and the marketing 
and transportation problems connected therewith. Particular stress will 
be placed on critical and strategic materials, their availability and sub- 
stitutes, if any. One semester. Three semester hours credit. 

16. Principles of Economics. A course dealing with the principles 
underlying the operation of the economic system. A study of production, 
value, distribution and consumption. Three or six semester hours credit. 

63. Economics of Consumption. The study of economics is ap- 
proached from the consumer viewpoint. The course includes a study of: 
the role of the consumer in economic life; consumer's choices; forces 
back of consumer demand; consumer education; budgeting; co-operative 
buying; reasons for high costs; producer aids to consumer; standards 

11 



for consumers; government aids to consumers. One semester. Three 
semester hours credit. 

EDUCATION 

43. History of Education in the United States. The development of 
education in the United States in relation to social and economic changes 
from colonial times to the present, including detailed study of develop- 
ments in Pennsylvania. One semester. Three semester hours credit. 

83. Educational Measurements. A critical analysis of the problems 
in measuring the results of teaching. A study of the uses and admin- 
istration of representative tests and scales for the junior and senior 
high school subjects. One semester. Three semester hours credit. 

113. Principles and Techniques of Secondary School Teaching. A 
study of principles, practices, and methods with their significance to 
secondary school teaching. One semester. Three semester hours credit. 

203. Visual and Sensory Techniques. Phychological bases for sen- 
sory aids; use of apparatus; sources of equipment and supplies. Labora- 
tory fee of four dollars. Three semester hours credit. May be taken 
for two hours credit. 

Note: If there is a sufficient demand, any other standard course 
in the secondary field may be offered in addition to, or in place of, any 
of the above courses. 

ENGLISH 

16. English Composition. Required of all students proceeding to 
a college degree. Six semester hours credit. 

26. A Survey of English Literature. This course is required of all 
students proceeding to a degree, except those preparing for a B.S. in 
Chemistry. It is offered in two parts'. Students may take either or both, 
depending on their requirements. Three or six semester hours credit. 

E-66. Shakespeare. A study of selections from comedies, tragedies, 
and histories. Three semester hours credit each semester. 

152. History of the English Language. Historical study of the 
English sounds, inflections, and vocabulary. Standards of correctness; 
current usage. Recommended especially for prospective teachers of Eng- 
lish composition. Two or three semester hours credit. 

512. Poetry of the Romantic Revolt. A study of early Nineteenth 
Century poetry, with special attention to five poets: Wordsworth, Coler- 
idge, Byron, Shelley, Keats. Two or three semester hours credit. 

523. American Literature. From the beginnings to the present day. 
Three or six semester hours credit. 

FRENCH 

06. Elementary French. This course is intended for those who begin 
French in College. Its aim is to enable the student to write simple 
French sentences, to cairy on a conversation in easy French, and to read 
French of ordinary difficulty. College credit of six semester hours will 
be granted for this course, if followed by French 16, but it cannot be 
counted toward a major. 

16. First Year College French. This course presupposes two years 
of high school French. It includes further drill in the principles of 
grammar, practice in conversation, composition, and dictation, and more 
extensive reading. Six semester hours credit. 

12 



GERMAN 

06. Elementary Germatn. This course is intended to give students 
a reading knowledge of German of average difficulty, and to enable 
them to understand the spoken language and to express simple ideas 
idiomatically. College credit will be given for the course but it cannot 
be counted toward a major. Six semester hours credit. 

16. Modern German Literature. Reading of nineteenth and twen- 
tieth century literature combined with a study of geography, history, 
and art. Grammar and composition. Six semester hours credit. 

HISTORY 

36. The History of England and the British Empire. This course 
deals with the development of England and the Empire from the earliest 
times to the present. Throughout the year. Three semester hours credit 
per semester. 

46. Political and Social History of the United States amd Pennsyl- 
vania. See description of cours'e and note on the new state requirements 
on p. 8. Throughout the year. Three semester hours credit per semester. 

63. Economic History of the United States. A study of the economic 
background of American History, including the growth of American 
agricultural and industrial interests from their colonial beginnings to 
their present day development. Three semester hours credit. 

123. Medieval History. Political, social, and cultural ideas of the 
Middle Ages will be treated through a study of typical institutions such 
as the manor, guilds, courts, the church, universities, and monarchical 
institutions. Three semester hours credit. 

163. Economic History of Europe. The economic development of 
Europe from the time of the Industrial Revolution to the present. Three 
hours' credit. 

213. The Renaissance and the Reformation. A study of the political, 
economic, cultural and social changes that occurred from the 13th to 
the 16th centuries. One semester. Three semester hours credit. 

223. The French Revolution and Napoleon. A survey of the con- 
ditions in the 17th and 18th centuries which led to the outbreak of the 
Revolution; the events of the Revolution itself, and the effect of the 
Revolution upon the rest of Europe. The career of Napoleon and the 
results of his work. One semester. Three semester hours crdit. 

MATHEMATICS 

13. Advanced Algebra. Covering ratio and proportion, variation, 
progressions, binominal theorem, theorem of undetermined coefficients, 
logarithms, permutations and combinations, theory of equations', partial 
fractions, etc. First semester. Three semester hours credit. 

23. Plane Trigonometry. Definitions of trigonometric functions, 
right and oblique triangles 1 , computation of distances and heights, de- 
velopment of trigonometric formulae. Second semester. Three semester 
hours credit. 

36. Analytic Geometry. The equations of the straight line, circle, 
ellipse, parabola and hyperbola are studied. Numerous examples are 
solved, and as much of the higher plane curves and of the geometry of 

13 



space is covered as' time will permit. Throughout the year. Three 
semester hours credit per semester. 

74. Differential Equations. A course in the elements of differen- 
tial equations. Throughout the year. Two semester hours credit per 
semester. 

113. Introduction to the Mathematics of Finance. This course takes' 
up the solution of the quadratic equation, logarithms, progressions, per- 
mutations' and combinations, and the application of these to financial 
problems. First semester. Three semester hours credit. 

123. Mathematics of Finance. The course seeks to present the 
mathematical principles and operations used in financial work. A de- 
tailed study of compound interest, compound discount, and annuities 
is' undertaken. Application of these principles is then made to practical 
problems of amortization, sinking funds, depreciation, valuation of bonds, 
and building and loan associations. Second semester. Three semester 
hours credit. 

MUSIC 

553. Music History and Appreciation. In this course the develop- 
ments of music are treated briefly, with emphasis placed on the growth 
of musical movements on the lives, works and influence of the great 
composers. An integral part of the couise will be listening to repre- 
sentative music of the different periods of musical history, and of the 
important composers. First semester. Three semester hours credit. 

PHILOSOPHY 

23-A. Ancient and Medieval Philosophy. In this course the aim 
will be (1) to trace the development of philosophy, pointing out what 
of permanent value each system as it arose contributed toward a final 
solution of the nature of being, and (2) to show the interaction between 
philosophic thought and the practical life of the period during which 
it flourished. Three semester hours credit. 

23-B. Modem Philosophy. Continuation of 23-A. Three semester 
hours credit. 

32. Ethics. The aim of this course is to acquaint the student 
with the academic ethical problems, and to effect an awakening and a 
strengthening of the moral sense. This is a required course for all 
students proceeding to a degree. Two semester hours credit. 

POLITICAL SCIENCE 

16. American Government and Politics. A cours-e designed to give 
the students a working knowledge of the fundamental laws of Federal 
and State Government. Three or six semester hours credit. 

43. Political Theory. A survey of the different philosophies and 
theories of Government, Ancient and Modern, with special reference to 
political philosophy since the 16th Century. Three semester hours credit. 

PSYCHOLOGY 

13. General Psychology. This' course aims to acquaint the student 
with the psychological standpoint and with the fundamental psychologi- 
cal principles. It includes a study of such topics as native tendencies, 
acquired tendencies, emotions, imagination, memory, and reasoning. Lec- 
tures, discussions and laboratory work. Three semester hours credit. 



23. Educational Psychology. Designed to meet the needs of students 
of education who are seeking from psychology the facts and principles 
that have a bearing on their problems. Special emphasis is placed on 
the learning process. Prerequisite: Psychology 13. Three semester hours 
credit. 

43. Psychology of Adolescence. A study of the physical and men- 
tal changes which characterize adolescence. The questions of rate and 
variation in learning, motive, personality, disturbances and control of 
behavior will be handled. This course has been approved by the State 
Department of Education for professional credit. Three semester hours' 
credit. 

53. Applied Psychology. A survey of the applications of Psychol- 
ogy to the various fields of human relations. It includes such topics as: 
increase in efficiency, effect of suggestions, improvement of personal- 
ity, advertising, and the psychology of the public platform. One semes- 
ter. Three semester hours credit. 

63. Mental Hygiene. A study of wholesome effective personality 
adjustments, including the causes and treatment of the more common 
and emotional maladjustments' among college students. Pre-requisite: 
General Psychology. One semester. Three semester hours credit. 

93. Abnormal Psychology. An introduction to the study of abnor- 
mal behavior, including such topics as hysteria, multiple personality, 
hypnotism, analysis of nervous and mental maladjustments', and a study 
of psychological processes as they occur in the more marked forms of 
derangement. Prerequisite: General Psychology. One semester. Three 
semester hours credit. 

SOCIOLOGY 
16. Principles of Sociology. Throughout the year. Students' may 
enter either semester. Three semester hours credit per semester. 

SPANISH 

06. Elementary Spanish. This course is intended for those who 
begin Spanish in college. Its aim is to enable students to write simple 
Spanish sentences, to carry on a conversation in easy Spanish, and to 
read Spanish of ordinary difficulty. College credit of six semester hours 
will be granted for this course if followed by Spanish 16. 

16. First Year College Spanish. This is a continuation and exten- 
sion of course 06 and includes further drill in the principles of gram- 
mar, practice in conversation, composition, and dictation, and more ex- 
tensive reading. For entrance to Spanish 16, the preparatory course 
06 or its equivalent (two years of high school Spanish) will be required. 
Six semester hours credit. 

STATISTICS 

103. Elementary Statistics. General introduction to the use of sta- 
tistics; method of collection, tabulation and graphic presentation; analy- 
sis and interpretation; charts; averages, dispersion and skewness; cor- 
relation; application to the study of business cycles, population, and 
other problems'. Required course for all majors in Business Administra- 
tion and Economics. The course is a particularly valuable course for 
those preparing for Civil Service Examinations. This is' strictly a first 
course in statistics. Either semester. Three semester hours credit. 

The courses in Spanish may be used equally with French, German, Greek, 
and Latin to meet the general college requirement in foreign language. 

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