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•mi.-- ■:•-:■:■. 

Jrarridburg,, Pennsylvania 



1953 - 1954 

First Semester 

Registration September 28, 1953 

Classes begin September 29, 1953 

Examinations January 25-29, 1954 

Second Semester 

Registration February 1 , 1954 

Classes begin February 2, 1954 

Examinations May 24-28, 1954 


The College Center is located at Harrisburg, the capital city 
of Pennsylvania. Classes will be held in the Central School Building, 
Sixth and Woodbine Streets. 

Lebanon Valley College is situated twenty miles east of Harris- 
burg, in Annville, Lebanon County. Elizabethtown College is located 
in the town of the same name, in the northern part of Lancaster 
County and also twenty miles from Harrisburg. The Center in Harris- 
burg is in a densely populated section of the state, equi-distant from 
each campus. Public transportation is available from the neighboring 



Announcement of Courses 


1953 _ 1954 

Volume 3 

August, 1953 

No. 1 



The Lebanon Valley - Elizabethtown College Center offers a 
curriculum designed to meet the academic, vocational and cultural 
needs of residents of the central Pennsylvania area. 

The Center will present opportunities for educational advance- 
ment to those whose regular employment allows them to attend class- 
es only in the evening. 

Course offerings will be chosen from the catalogues of both 
colleges, thus making it possible to transfer credits to either institution 
when this is desired; also, credits may be transferred to other institu- 
tions according to their established regulations. The program offered, 
therefore, has been planned to serve the needs of those wishing to 
earn college degrees as well as those pursuing courses for vocational 
or cultural benefit alone. 

The teaching staff for the Center will be composed of faculty 
members from Lebanon Valley and Elizabethtown Colleges. 

No graduate courses are offered through the Center. 




Frederic K. Miller, A.B., A.M., Ph.D President 

Howard M. Kreitzer, B.S., M.A., Ed.D Dean of the College 

Ivin B. Moyer Business Manager 


A. C. Baugher, A.B., B.S., M.S., Ph.D.. LL.D President 

Henry G. Bucher, A.B., Ed.M., Ed.D Dean of the College 

K. Ezra Bucher, B.S., M.S Treasurer. Business Manager 


Alice M. Brumbaugh, B.S., M.A. . .Assistant Professor of Sociology 

Henry G. Bucher, A.B., Ed.M., Ed.D Professor of Education 

K. Ezra Bucher, B.S., M.S. . .Asst. Professor of Business Education 

Robert A. Byerly, A.B., B.D., A.M Instructor in Bible 

Constance P. Dent, B.A., M.A Asst. Professor of Psychology 

Carl Y. Ehrhart, A.B., B.D Professor of Philosophy 

Emma Engle, A.B Instructor in English 

Alex J. Fehr, A.B Instructor in Political Science 

Albert L. Gray, Jr., B.S., M.B.A.. .Asst. Professor of Business Adm. 

Byron Lynn Harriman, A.B., M.A Asst. Professor of Psychology 

Carl E. Heilman, A.B., A.M. . .Associate Professor of Mathematics 
Elmer B. Hoover, B.S.,. M.Ed.. .Associate Professor of Education 

and Teacher Training 

Gilbert D. McKlveen, A.B., Ed.M Professor of Education 

W. W. Peters, Ph.D Professor of Sociology and Psychology 

G. A. Richie, A.B.. B.S., A.M., D.D Professor of Religion 

Robert C. Riley, B.S.. M.S Associate Professor of Economics 

and Business 

Ralph S. Shay, A.B., M.A Assistant Professor of History 

George G. Struble, B.S. in Ed., M.S. in Ed.. Ph.D. . .Professor of 

Earl Weller, M.A Instructor in Spanish 



Lebanon Valley College and Elizabethtown College are fully 
accredited by the Department of Public Instruction of Pennsylvania 
and by the Middle States Association of Colleges and Secondary 
Schools. They are members of the Association of American Colleges 
and of the American Council on Education, and are on the approved 
list of the Regents of the University of the State of New York. Both 
institutions are approved by the Veterans Administration for veterans 7 
training under public laws 16, 346, and 550. 


Candidates for admission to the freshman class, matriculating 
at either Lebanon Valley College or Elizabethtown College, must 
meet the following minimum requirements: 

English 4 units 

Foreign language (in one language) 2 units 

Mathematics 2 units 

Science (laboratory) 1 unit 

Social studies 1 unit 

Electives 6 units 

Total required 16 units 

Candidates whose preparation does not precisely coincide with 
the foregoing distribution of units may be admitted to the College 
Center if, in the judgment of the Admissions Committee, they are 
qualified to do satisfactory college work. 

Students who transfer from another institution are required to 
present evidence of good standing and honorable dismissal. 

Those who are interested in the courses offered, but who do not 
wish to matriculate, may be admitted if they are graduates of an 
accredited high school or if they hold an equivalency certificate ac- 
quired through examination. 



^Tuition (per semester hour) $15.00 

Fees are due and payable within 10 days after receipt of the bill. 
Remittance may be sent in accordance with instructions on 
the bill. 

Laboratory fees will be charged as indicated under the listing of 
the individual course. 

* Auditing fee (per semester hour) $7.50 


Teachers in service may carry a maximum of six hours of credit 
per semester as prescribed by the Pennsylvania State Department of 
Public Instruction. Other students are permitted a maximum of nine 
hours of credit per semester. Requests for additional hours of credit 
will be considered on their individual merits. 


The minimum number of registrations for a single class shall 
be eight, except in unusual cases. 


Each professor shall determine for each class and for each stu- 
dent when a student's repeated or continued absence from class has 
jeopardized his class standing with respect to that subject. The pro- 
fessor will then counsel with the student regarding his work. If, after 
this, the student continues to be absent, the professor may, at his 
discretion, drop the student's name from his class roll, and the stu- 
dent may be reinstated only by taking an examination or by giv- 
ing other evidence, as the professor sees fit to demand, of his ability 
to continue the course. 


The registration days for the collegiate year 1953-1954 are: 
First semester, September 28; second semester, February 1. 

To expedite the opening of the school year in September, pre- 
registration by mail is urged. Requests for registration forms and 
other college publications may be addressed to: 

Henry G. Bucher, Dean D. Clark Carmean 

Elizabethtown College Qr Director of Admissions 

Elizabethtown, Penna. Lebanon Valley College 

Annville, Pennsylvania 
or phone to Harrisburg 3-3555. 

General information about Lebanon Valley and Elizabethtown 
Colleges may be obtained from the catalogues of each college. Copies 
of these catalogues will be sent upon request. 


Grading System 

Class standing will be determined three times a year for faculty 
consideration: nine weeks after the opening of college, and at the end 
of each semester. 

The standing in each course is indicated generally by classifica- 
tion in seven groups, as follows: 

A (90-100%) signifies that the record of the student is distin- 

B (80-89%) signifies that the record of the student is very good. 

C (70-79%) signifies that the record is good. 

D (60-69%) signifies the lowest sustained record. 

F (Failed) signifies that the student must drop or repeat the sub- 
ject and cannot be admitted to subjects dependent thereon. If a stu- 
dent fails twice in a course, he may not register for it a third time. 

I (Incomplete) signifies that work is incomplete, but otherwise 

Withdrawal from Courses 

W indicates withdrawal from a course any time within the first 
six weeks of a semester. If, however, a student withdraws after six 
weeks, the symbol WP will be entered if his work is satisfactory, and 
WF if his work is unsatisfactory. The mark WP will be considered 
as without prejudice to the student's standing, but the mark WF will 
be counted as a grade of 50 in averaging grades. 

Tentative Schedule 

1953 - 1954 








Pol. Science 





Classes meet from 7 to 9 p.m. 


(All courses are for three hours credit, unless otherwise indicated.} 



23 llah 


22 45a 


Introduction to Accounting — This course includes 
a thorough study of the principles of debit and 
credit; analysis and use of journals and ledger; finan- 
cial statements; controlling accounts and subsidiary 
ledgers. Practice set and problems are to be com- 
pleted for single proprietorship enterprises. 

Mathematics of Finance — The course seeks to 
present the mathematical principles and operations 
used in financial work. A detailed study of com- 
pound interest, compound discount, and annuities is 
undertaken. Application of these principles is then 
made to practical problems of amortization, sinking 
funds, depreciation, valuations of bonds, and build- 
ing and loan associations. 

Elementary Mathematical Statistics — Covering 
graphic representations, averages, dispersion, skew" 
ness, correlation, curve fitting, normal probabality 
curve, index number, involving problems in social 
sciences, business administration, and natural sci- 



Principles of Economics — This is an introductory 
course which is designed to acquaint the student with 
fundamental economic concepts and principles and 
to show the relationship of economic theory to cur- 
Courses other than listed may he offered upon sufficient demand. 



rent economic practices. During the second semester 
special emphasis is placed upon economic problems 
arising in agriculture and industry, consumer needs, 
prices, money and banking, government controls and 
other economic activities. 

10 37b Human and Economic Geography — The relation 

of climate and topography to human activities will 
be studied. Special attention will be given to the food 
resources of the world including the part they play in 
the commerce of the world. During the second se- 
mester natural resources other than food will be 
studied, and their location, present utilization and 
potential importance will be stressed. The develop- 
ment of world trade routes and laws of trade will be 

48 48b Industrial and Labor Relations — The course in- 

cludes an evaluation of the historical development of 
the union movement and the collective bargaining 
process. A study is made of union-management rela- 
tionships and procedures for the alleviation of ten- 
sion, alternatives to force, and the role of govern- 
ment participation and control for the realization of 
industrial peace. 


30 38b Educational Measurements — Preparation for test- 

ing by the class-room teacher is offered through 
studying principles of validity and reliability, ap- 
praising and constructing tests, and considering the 
use of results. Prerequisites: Psychology 20, 23. 
Laboratory fee of one dollar. 

— 21a Curriculum in Arithmetic — This course includes 

the mastery of the fundamentals of the subject 
matter of arithmetic in grades 1 to 8, inclusive, 
together with the application of the fundamental 
psychological principles in teaching the subject and 
an acquaintance with materials of instruction and 

— 10— 


— 27ab Public School Art — The aim of this course is to 

enable students to teach public school art. It includes 
drawing, the elementary principles of design, letter- 
ing, composition, and color harmony and their appli- 
cation to home, school and community interests. 

20, 21 23a Public School Music — This course deals with edu- 

cational principles and their application to the teach- 
ing of music, and with methods and materials to be 
used in the elementary schools. It aims to prepare 
the prospective elementary teacher to meet specific 
problems of music instruction in the grades. Included 
in the course are the study of rote singing, note read- 
ing, the child voice, music appreciation, and related 

— 37b Curriculum in Science — This course is a study of 

many of the fundamental facts, principles and laws 
that every prospective teacher should know in order 
to understand and interpret nature study, health, 
and geography, so that he may be able to make this 
work applicable to the everyday life of the child. 
This gives the child an acquaintance with the mate- 
rials that are part, of his environment. 

45 32b Visual and Sensory Techniques — Psychological 

bases for sensory aids; study and appraisal of various 
aids; use of apparatus; sources of equipment and 
supplies. Laboratory fee of four dollars. 


30ab lOab Composition — A study of the fundamentals of ef- 

fective English through their practical application in 
oral and written themes, through class discussion, 
and through individual conferences. 

20 20ab World Literature — A study of the most important 

pieces of Western World literature from Homer to 
modern times. The aim will be to trace the develop- 
ment of the mind of man and his sense of aesthetic 
and ethical values. Some attempt will be made to 
show how developments in literature are paralleled 
by similar developments in art and music. This 
course will satisfy sophomore literature requirements 
for the college degree. 



22 38a Speech — This is a study of effective speaking be- 

fore groups of various types. Emphasis will be placed 
upon the correction of speech defects, proper articu- 
lation, poise, and interpretative reading of both prose 
and poetry. Drill in parliamentary procedure, speak- 
ing from notes, and preparing papers. 


1 lOab Elementary French — This course is intended for 

those who begin French in college. 

10 20ab First Year College French — Continuation of high 

school French or of Elementary French, listed: 

1 lOab Elementary German. 

10 20ab Modern German Literature. 


10 lOab History of Civilization — This course is a brief sur- 

vey of the major civilizations from ancient times to 
the beginning of the modern period. Social, cultural, 
religious, political and economic aspects are con- 

24ab 30ab Political and Social History of the United States 

and Pennsylvania — A survey of American History 
from the earliest settlements to the Truman Admin- 
istration. Special attention is given to the history of 
the colony and state of Pennsylvania. This course 
is designed to fulfill the state requirements for United 
States and Pennsylvania history. 


32 43a Contemporary World History — This course is de- 

signed to acquaint the student with the general con- 
ditions and problems of the period from 1914 to the 
present. Special emphasis is placed on North Amer- 
ica and Europe; a less detailed study is made of 
South America, the Pacific area, Asia and Africa. 
Political and economic aspects of recent history pro- 
vide the fundamentals of this survey. 



19 — Mathematics of Finance 

(See Business Education) 

22 45a Elementary Mathematical Statistics 

(See Business Education) 

13 11a College Algebra — This is a fundamental course in 

mathematics and should be elected by all freshmen 
planning to take additional courses in mathematics 
or physics. 

14 12b Trigonometry — After a study of the usual topics 

of plane trigonometry, the essentials of spherical trig- 
onometry will be covered. This course is advised for 
all freshmen planning to take additional courses in 
mathematics or physics. 

Prerequisite: Plane Geometry and Algebra. 


10 41a Introduction to Philosophy — This course is an in- 

troductory view of the leading systems of philosophic 
thought from the Greek schools down to the present 
time. It is designed to develop the ability necessary 
to evaluate current theories of the universe and to 
formulate a sound philosophy of life. 

31 — Philosophy of Religion — The purpose of this 

course is to inquire into the validity of religious 
knowledge, as evidence is available from the realms 
of nature, moral experience, aesthetic experience, 
religious experience, and history. The difficulties in- 
volved in religious belief are examined, with the aim 
of arriving at an adequate religious viewpoint. 


lOab 41b American Government — This course is a survey 

of the political institutions of the United States with 
special emphasis on the national government, but 
with some consideration of Pennsylvania state and 
local government. 



21 40a International Relations — This course is designed 

to acquaint the student with the major factors which 
influence the relationships of national states today 
with special emphasis on the more important inter- 
national organizations presently at work in the 


20 lOab General Psychology — A beginning course in gen- 

eral psychology, designed to acquaint the student 
with the fundamental psychological principles and 
their application in daily life. 
Lectures and discussions. 

23 30a Educational Psychology — A psychological study 

of the nature of the learner and the nature of the 
learning process. The course includes such topics as 
individual differences, motivation, emotion, and 
transfer of training. 

Prerequisite: General Psychology. 

21 22b Child Psychology — This course includes such 

phases of child study as infant behavior, child ad- 
justment, and motor and emotional development. 
Other topics to be discussed include motivation, ima- 
gination, language, development, thinking, intelli- 
gence, social development, and personality. 

41 — Introduction to Clinical Psychology — This course 

is designed to acquaint the student with the major 
types of educational and behavior problems, and 
with the most important techniques of individual 
diagnosis and treatment currently employed. Widely 
used individual tests and scales and projective tech- 
niques are presented, and various psychotherapeutic 
methods are briefly considered. Laboratory fee of 
three dollars. 

30 40a Applied Psychology — A survey of the applica- 

tions of psychology to the various fields of human 
relations. Among the areas covered are vocational 
guidance, human adjustment, public opinion and 

—14— - 


propaganda, advertising methods, work and effi- 
ciency, and fatigue. 

Lectures, discussions, special reports, and field 

Prerequisite: General Psychology 20. 

22 — Mental Hygiene — A study of wholesome and ef- 

fective personality adjustments, including the causes 
and treatment of the more common social and emo- 
tional maladjustments. 


lOab lOab Introduction to English Bible — An appreciative 

and historical survey of the literature of the Old and 
New Testaments. 

32 30a The Teachings of Jesus — This course attempts an 

intensive study of the religious concepts of Jesus as 
set forth in the Gospels. 

40 10a Principles of Religious Education — A fundament- 

al course investigating some of the theories, princi- 
ples, and problems of religious education. 


20 10a Introduction to Sociology — This is the study of 

culture, social change, and social institutions. This 
is a prerequisite for all other sociology courses. 

22 43a The Family — The chief problems center in court- 

ship and marriage adjustments, husband-wife types, 
marriage prediction scales, and parent-child rela- 


1 Iddo Elementary Spanish — This course is intended lor 

those who begin Spanish in college. 

tO 20ab First Year College Spanish — Continuation of high 

school Spanish or of Elementary Spanish, listed