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1953 - 1954
Registration September 28, 1953
Classes begin September 29, 1953
Examinations January 25-29, 1954
Registration February 1 , 1954
Classes begin February 2, 1954
Examinations May 24-28, 1954
The College Center is located at Harrisburg, the capital city
of Pennsylvania. Classes will be held in the Central School Building,
Sixth and Woodbine Streets.
Lebanon Valley College is situated twenty miles east of Harris-
burg, in Annville, Lebanon County. Elizabethtown College is located
in the town of the same name, in the northern part of Lancaster
County and also twenty miles from Harrisburg. The Center in Harris-
burg is in a densely populated section of the state, equi-distant from
each campus. Public transportation is available from the neighboring
LEBANON VALLEY — ELIZABETHTOWN
Announcement of Courses
1953 _ 1954
STATEMENT OF AIMS
The Lebanon Valley - Elizabethtown College Center offers a
curriculum designed to meet the academic, vocational and cultural
needs of residents of the central Pennsylvania area.
The Center will present opportunities for educational advance-
ment to those whose regular employment allows them to attend class-
es only in the evening.
Course offerings will be chosen from the catalogues of both
colleges, thus making it possible to transfer credits to either institution
when this is desired; also, credits may be transferred to other institu-
tions according to their established regulations. The program offered,
therefore, has been planned to serve the needs of those wishing to
earn college degrees as well as those pursuing courses for vocational
or cultural benefit alone.
The teaching staff for the Center will be composed of faculty
members from Lebanon Valley and Elizabethtown Colleges.
No graduate courses are offered through the Center.
OFFICERS OF ADMINISTRATION
LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE
Frederic K. Miller, A.B., A.M., Ph.D President
Howard M. Kreitzer, B.S., M.A., Ed.D Dean of the College
Ivin B. Moyer Business Manager
A. C. Baugher, A.B., B.S., M.S., Ph.D.. LL.D President
Henry G. Bucher, A.B., Ed.M., Ed.D Dean of the College
K. Ezra Bucher, B.S., M.S Treasurer. Business Manager
COLLEGE CENTER FACULTY
Alice M. Brumbaugh, B.S., M.A. . .Assistant Professor of Sociology
Henry G. Bucher, A.B., Ed.M., Ed.D Professor of Education
K. Ezra Bucher, B.S., M.S. . .Asst. Professor of Business Education
Robert A. Byerly, A.B., B.D., A.M Instructor in Bible
Constance P. Dent, B.A., M.A Asst. Professor of Psychology
Carl Y. Ehrhart, A.B., B.D Professor of Philosophy
Emma Engle, A.B Instructor in English
Alex J. Fehr, A.B Instructor in Political Science
Albert L. Gray, Jr., B.S., M.B.A.. .Asst. Professor of Business Adm.
Byron Lynn Harriman, A.B., M.A Asst. Professor of Psychology
Carl E. Heilman, A.B., A.M. . .Associate Professor of Mathematics
Elmer B. Hoover, B.S.,. M.Ed.. .Associate Professor of Education
and Teacher Training
Gilbert D. McKlveen, A.B., Ed.M Professor of Education
W. W. Peters, Ph.D Professor of Sociology and Psychology
G. A. Richie, A.B.. B.S., A.M., D.D Professor of Religion
Robert C. Riley, B.S.. M.S Associate Professor of Economics
Ralph S. Shay, A.B., M.A Assistant Professor of History
George G. Struble, B.S. in Ed., M.S. in Ed.. Ph.D. . .Professor of
Earl Weller, M.A Instructor in Spanish
Lebanon Valley College and Elizabethtown College are fully
accredited by the Department of Public Instruction of Pennsylvania
and by the Middle States Association of Colleges and Secondary
Schools. They are members of the Association of American Colleges
and of the American Council on Education, and are on the approved
list of the Regents of the University of the State of New York. Both
institutions are approved by the Veterans Administration for veterans 7
training under public laws 16, 346, and 550.
Candidates for admission to the freshman class, matriculating
at either Lebanon Valley College or Elizabethtown College, must
meet the following minimum requirements:
English 4 units
Foreign language (in one language) 2 units
Mathematics 2 units
Science (laboratory) 1 unit
Social studies 1 unit
Electives 6 units
Total required 16 units
Candidates whose preparation does not precisely coincide with
the foregoing distribution of units may be admitted to the College
Center if, in the judgment of the Admissions Committee, they are
qualified to do satisfactory college work.
Students who transfer from another institution are required to
present evidence of good standing and honorable dismissal.
Those who are interested in the courses offered, but who do not
wish to matriculate, may be admitted if they are graduates of an
accredited high school or if they hold an equivalency certificate ac-
quired through examination.
SCHEDULE OF FEES
^Tuition (per semester hour) $15.00
Fees are due and payable within 10 days after receipt of the bill.
Remittance may be sent in accordance with instructions on
Laboratory fees will be charged as indicated under the listing of
the individual course.
* Auditing fee (per semester hour) $7.50
LIMIT OF CREDITS
Teachers in service may carry a maximum of six hours of credit
per semester as prescribed by the Pennsylvania State Department of
Public Instruction. Other students are permitted a maximum of nine
hours of credit per semester. Requests for additional hours of credit
will be considered on their individual merits.
The minimum number of registrations for a single class shall
be eight, except in unusual cases.
Each professor shall determine for each class and for each stu-
dent when a student's repeated or continued absence from class has
jeopardized his class standing with respect to that subject. The pro-
fessor will then counsel with the student regarding his work. If, after
this, the student continues to be absent, the professor may, at his
discretion, drop the student's name from his class roll, and the stu-
dent may be reinstated only by taking an examination or by giv-
ing other evidence, as the professor sees fit to demand, of his ability
to continue the course.
The registration days for the collegiate year 1953-1954 are:
First semester, September 28; second semester, February 1.
To expedite the opening of the school year in September, pre-
registration by mail is urged. Requests for registration forms and
other college publications may be addressed to:
Henry G. Bucher, Dean D. Clark Carmean
Elizabethtown College Qr Director of Admissions
Elizabethtown, Penna. Lebanon Valley College
or phone to Harrisburg 3-3555.
General information about Lebanon Valley and Elizabethtown
Colleges may be obtained from the catalogues of each college. Copies
of these catalogues will be sent upon request.
Class standing will be determined three times a year for faculty
consideration: nine weeks after the opening of college, and at the end
of each semester.
The standing in each course is indicated generally by classifica-
tion in seven groups, as follows:
A (90-100%) signifies that the record of the student is distin-
B (80-89%) signifies that the record of the student is very good.
C (70-79%) signifies that the record is good.
D (60-69%) signifies the lowest sustained record.
F (Failed) signifies that the student must drop or repeat the sub-
ject and cannot be admitted to subjects dependent thereon. If a stu-
dent fails twice in a course, he may not register for it a third time.
I (Incomplete) signifies that work is incomplete, but otherwise
Withdrawal from Courses
W indicates withdrawal from a course any time within the first
six weeks of a semester. If, however, a student withdraws after six
weeks, the symbol WP will be entered if his work is satisfactory, and
WF if his work is unsatisfactory. The mark WP will be considered
as without prejudice to the student's standing, but the mark WF will
be counted as a grade of 50 in averaging grades.
1953 - 1954
Classes meet from 7 to 9 p.m.
* COURSES OF STUDY
(All courses are for three hours credit, unless otherwise indicated.}
Introduction to Accounting — This course includes
a thorough study of the principles of debit and
credit; analysis and use of journals and ledger; finan-
cial statements; controlling accounts and subsidiary
ledgers. Practice set and problems are to be com-
pleted for single proprietorship enterprises.
Mathematics of Finance — The course seeks to
present the mathematical principles and operations
used in financial work. A detailed study of com-
pound interest, compound discount, and annuities is
undertaken. Application of these principles is then
made to practical problems of amortization, sinking
funds, depreciation, valuations of bonds, and build-
ing and loan associations.
Elementary Mathematical Statistics — Covering
graphic representations, averages, dispersion, skew"
ness, correlation, curve fitting, normal probabality
curve, index number, involving problems in social
sciences, business administration, and natural sci-
Principles of Economics — This is an introductory
course which is designed to acquaint the student with
fundamental economic concepts and principles and
to show the relationship of economic theory to cur-
Courses other than listed may he offered upon sufficient demand.
rent economic practices. During the second semester
special emphasis is placed upon economic problems
arising in agriculture and industry, consumer needs,
prices, money and banking, government controls and
other economic activities.
10 37b Human and Economic Geography — The relation
of climate and topography to human activities will
be studied. Special attention will be given to the food
resources of the world including the part they play in
the commerce of the world. During the second se-
mester natural resources other than food will be
studied, and their location, present utilization and
potential importance will be stressed. The develop-
ment of world trade routes and laws of trade will be
48 48b Industrial and Labor Relations — The course in-
cludes an evaluation of the historical development of
the union movement and the collective bargaining
process. A study is made of union-management rela-
tionships and procedures for the alleviation of ten-
sion, alternatives to force, and the role of govern-
ment participation and control for the realization of
30 38b Educational Measurements — Preparation for test-
ing by the class-room teacher is offered through
studying principles of validity and reliability, ap-
praising and constructing tests, and considering the
use of results. Prerequisites: Psychology 20, 23.
Laboratory fee of one dollar.
— 21a Curriculum in Arithmetic — This course includes
the mastery of the fundamentals of the subject
matter of arithmetic in grades 1 to 8, inclusive,
together with the application of the fundamental
psychological principles in teaching the subject and
an acquaintance with materials of instruction and
— 27ab Public School Art — The aim of this course is to
enable students to teach public school art. It includes
drawing, the elementary principles of design, letter-
ing, composition, and color harmony and their appli-
cation to home, school and community interests.
20, 21 23a Public School Music — This course deals with edu-
cational principles and their application to the teach-
ing of music, and with methods and materials to be
used in the elementary schools. It aims to prepare
the prospective elementary teacher to meet specific
problems of music instruction in the grades. Included
in the course are the study of rote singing, note read-
ing, the child voice, music appreciation, and related
— 37b Curriculum in Science — This course is a study of
many of the fundamental facts, principles and laws
that every prospective teacher should know in order
to understand and interpret nature study, health,
and geography, so that he may be able to make this
work applicable to the everyday life of the child.
This gives the child an acquaintance with the mate-
rials that are part, of his environment.
45 32b Visual and Sensory Techniques — Psychological
bases for sensory aids; study and appraisal of various
aids; use of apparatus; sources of equipment and
supplies. Laboratory fee of four dollars.
30ab lOab Composition — A study of the fundamentals of ef-
fective English through their practical application in
oral and written themes, through class discussion,
and through individual conferences.
20 20ab World Literature — A study of the most important
pieces of Western World literature from Homer to
modern times. The aim will be to trace the develop-
ment of the mind of man and his sense of aesthetic
and ethical values. Some attempt will be made to
show how developments in literature are paralleled
by similar developments in art and music. This
course will satisfy sophomore literature requirements
for the college degree.
22 38a Speech — This is a study of effective speaking be-
fore groups of various types. Emphasis will be placed
upon the correction of speech defects, proper articu-
lation, poise, and interpretative reading of both prose
and poetry. Drill in parliamentary procedure, speak-
ing from notes, and preparing papers.
1 lOab Elementary French — This course is intended for
those who begin French in college.
10 20ab First Year College French — Continuation of high
school French or of Elementary French, listed:
1 lOab Elementary German.
10 20ab Modern German Literature.
10 lOab History of Civilization — This course is a brief sur-
vey of the major civilizations from ancient times to
the beginning of the modern period. Social, cultural,
religious, political and economic aspects are con-
24ab 30ab Political and Social History of the United States
and Pennsylvania — A survey of American History
from the earliest settlements to the Truman Admin-
istration. Special attention is given to the history of
the colony and state of Pennsylvania. This course
is designed to fulfill the state requirements for United
States and Pennsylvania history.
32 43a Contemporary World History — This course is de-
signed to acquaint the student with the general con-
ditions and problems of the period from 1914 to the
present. Special emphasis is placed on North Amer-
ica and Europe; a less detailed study is made of
South America, the Pacific area, Asia and Africa.
Political and economic aspects of recent history pro-
vide the fundamentals of this survey.
LVC EC MATHEMATICS
19 — Mathematics of Finance
(See Business Education)
22 45a Elementary Mathematical Statistics
(See Business Education)
13 11a College Algebra — This is a fundamental course in
mathematics and should be elected by all freshmen
planning to take additional courses in mathematics
14 12b Trigonometry — After a study of the usual topics
of plane trigonometry, the essentials of spherical trig-
onometry will be covered. This course is advised for
all freshmen planning to take additional courses in
mathematics or physics.
Prerequisite: Plane Geometry and Algebra.
10 41a Introduction to Philosophy — This course is an in-
troductory view of the leading systems of philosophic
thought from the Greek schools down to the present
time. It is designed to develop the ability necessary
to evaluate current theories of the universe and to
formulate a sound philosophy of life.
31 — Philosophy of Religion — The purpose of this
course is to inquire into the validity of religious
knowledge, as evidence is available from the realms
of nature, moral experience, aesthetic experience,
religious experience, and history. The difficulties in-
volved in religious belief are examined, with the aim
of arriving at an adequate religious viewpoint.
lOab 41b American Government — This course is a survey
of the political institutions of the United States with
special emphasis on the national government, but
with some consideration of Pennsylvania state and
21 40a International Relations — This course is designed
to acquaint the student with the major factors which
influence the relationships of national states today
with special emphasis on the more important inter-
national organizations presently at work in the
20 lOab General Psychology — A beginning course in gen-
eral psychology, designed to acquaint the student
with the fundamental psychological principles and
their application in daily life.
Lectures and discussions.
23 30a Educational Psychology — A psychological study
of the nature of the learner and the nature of the
learning process. The course includes such topics as
individual differences, motivation, emotion, and
transfer of training.
Prerequisite: General Psychology.
21 22b Child Psychology — This course includes such
phases of child study as infant behavior, child ad-
justment, and motor and emotional development.
Other topics to be discussed include motivation, ima-
gination, language, development, thinking, intelli-
gence, social development, and personality.
41 — Introduction to Clinical Psychology — This course
is designed to acquaint the student with the major
types of educational and behavior problems, and
with the most important techniques of individual
diagnosis and treatment currently employed. Widely
used individual tests and scales and projective tech-
niques are presented, and various psychotherapeutic
methods are briefly considered. Laboratory fee of
30 40a Applied Psychology — A survey of the applica-
tions of psychology to the various fields of human
relations. Among the areas covered are vocational
guidance, human adjustment, public opinion and
propaganda, advertising methods, work and effi-
ciency, and fatigue.
Lectures, discussions, special reports, and field
Prerequisite: General Psychology 20.
22 — Mental Hygiene — A study of wholesome and ef-
fective personality adjustments, including the causes
and treatment of the more common social and emo-
lOab lOab Introduction to English Bible — An appreciative
and historical survey of the literature of the Old and
32 30a The Teachings of Jesus — This course attempts an
intensive study of the religious concepts of Jesus as
set forth in the Gospels.
40 10a Principles of Religious Education — A fundament-
al course investigating some of the theories, princi-
ples, and problems of religious education.
20 10a Introduction to Sociology — This is the study of
culture, social change, and social institutions. This
is a prerequisite for all other sociology courses.
22 43a The Family — The chief problems center in court-
ship and marriage adjustments, husband-wife types,
marriage prediction scales, and parent-child rela-
1 Iddo Elementary Spanish — This course is intended lor
those who begin Spanish in college.
tO 20ab First Year College Spanish — Continuation of high
school Spanish or of Elementary Spanish, listed