Vol. 10 (newser.es) FEBRUARY, 1923
SUMMER SCHOOL NUMBER
LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE
Entered as second-class matter at Annville, Pa., under the Act of August 24, 1912
M T w T F s
Summer School Calendar
June 15 and 16 — Registration of Students.
June 18 — First Term Begins.
July 21— First Term Ends.
July 23 — Second Term Begins.
August 25 — Second Term Ends.
Committee on Summer Session
GEORGE DANIEL GOSSARD, Chairman
HON. AARON S. KREIDER T. BAYARD BEATTY
J. A. LYTER, D.D. ELMER RHODES HOKE,
R. R. BUTTERWICK Secretary
Officers of Administration and
GEORGE DANIEL GOSSARD, B.D., D.D President
SAMUEL O. GRLMM, A.M Registrar
ALBERT BARNHART Treasurer of the SiDiimer Sehool
THOMAS BAYARD BEATTY, A.M Professor of English
A. B., Lebanon \'alley College, 1905; A. M., Columbia University,
1920; Instructor in Massanutten Academy, 1906; Teacher of English,
Central High School, Pittsburgh, 1907-1914; Student Curry School of
Expression, summers 1908, 1909; student Columbia University, summers
191 1, 1917, 1918 and 1919; Principal of Schools, Red Lion, Pa., 1914-1916;
Professor, Design School C. L T., 1916-1919; study and travel in Eng-
land, summer 1922; Professor of Ivnglish, Lebanon Valley College, 1919 —
ANDREW BENDER, Ph.D Professor of Chemistry
A. B., Lebanon X'alley College, 1906; Ph.D., Columbia University,
1914; Professor of Chemistry and Physics, Lebanon Valley College, 1907-
1909; Instructor in Analytical Chemistry, Columbia University, 1912-1914;
In Industrial Chemistry, 1914-1921; Chief Chemist, Aetna Explosives
Company; Chemical Director, British American Chemical Company;
Director of Control Laboratory, The Barrett Company; Professor of
Chemistry, Lebanon \'alley College, 1921 —
ETHEL MARY BENNETT. B.A Professor of Freneh
B. A., \'ictoria College, University of Toronto, 1915; in charge of
Modern Language Department, Ontario Ladies' College, Whitby, Ont.,
1915-1919; Tutor in French and Gennan, University of Chicago, 1920-
1921; Acting Professor of French Literature, Lebanon X'alley College,
HAROLD BENNETT, Ph.D., Professor of Latin Language and
B. A., Victoria College, University of Toronto, 1915; military service
with Canadian Expeditionary Forces, 1915-1918; fellow in Latin, Uni-
versity of Chicago, 1919-1921; Ph.D., University of Chicago, 1921;
Professor of Latin, College of Charleston, Charleston, S. C, 1921-22;
Professor of Latin Language and Literature, Lebanon X'alley College,
ROBERT R. BUTTERWICK, A.M., B.D., D.D., Professor of Phil-
osophy and Bible.
A. B., Lebanon Valley College, 1901; A. AL, ibid., 1904; B. D.,
Bonebrake Theological Seminary, 1905; D.D., Lebanon Valley College,
1910; twenty-six years in the Ministry; Professor of Philosophy and
Religion, Lebanon \"alley College, 1912-1922; Professor of Philosophy and
Bible, 1922 —
SAMUEL H. DERICKSON, M.S Professor of Biological Science
B. S., Lebanon Valley College, 1902; graduate student, Johns Hop-
kins University, 1902-1903; M. S., Lebanon \'alley College, 1903; Pro-
fessor of Biological Science, Lebanon Valley College, 1903; Land Zoolo-
gist, Bahama Expedition, Baltimore Geographical Society, summer 1904;
Director, collection of Eocene and Miocene Fossils for Vassar College,
summer 1908; Student, Marine Biology, Bermuda, summer 1909; Student
Tropical Botanical Gardens, Jamaica, summer 1910; Student Brooklyn
Institute of Arts and Sciences, summer 191 1; Acting President of Leba-
non Valley College, summer 1912; Member American Association for
the Advancement of Science, The Botanical Society of America, the
Phytopathological Society of America, and the American Museum of
CHRISTIAN R. GINGRICH, A.B, LL.B, Professor of Political
Science and Economics.
A. B., Franklin and Marshall College, 191 1; Principal of High School,
Alexandria, Pa., 1911-1912; Principal of High School, Linglestown, Pa.,
1912-1913; LL.B., University of Pennsylvania Law School, 1916; Mem-
ber of Law Bar of Lebanon County and of Pennsylvania Supreme Court
Bar; Professor of Political Science and Economics, Lebanon Valley
College, 1916 —
SAMUEL OLIVER GRIMM, B.Pd., A.M Education
Millersville State Normal School, 1907; B.Pd., ibid, 1910; A. B.,
Lebanon Valley College, 1912; A. M., ibid, 1917; Columbia University,
1914-1916; Professor of Education and Physics, Lebanon \^alley College,
1915 — . Registrar, Lebanon \'alley College, 1920 —
ELMER RHODES HOKE, B.D., Ph.D., Professor of Education and
A. B., Franklin and Marshall College, 191.3; A. M., ibid., 1914; B. D.,
Theological Seminary of the Reformed Church, 1917; A. M., Johns
Hopkins University, 1920; PhD., ibid., 1922. Four years in High School
teaching; three years in the Ministry. Professor of Education and
Psychology, Hood College, 1920- 1922; Professor of Education and Psy-
chology, Lebanon \"alley College, 1922 —
HELEN ETHEL MYERS, A.B Librarian
A. B., Lebanon Valley College, 1907; Drexel Institute Library School,
1908; Assistant New York Public Library, 1908-1910; Cataloger, Univer-
sity of Chicago Library, 1910-1911; Librarian, Public Library, Lancaster,
Pa., 1912-1921; Member American Library Association; Lebanon Valley
College Librarian, 1921 —
IRVIN EUGENE RUNK, B.D., D.D College Pastor
HIRAM H. SHENK, A.M Professor of History
A. B., Ursinus College, 1899; A. 'SI., Lebanon X'alley College, 1900;
Student, University of Wisconsin, summer term; Instructor in Political
Science, Lebanon Valley College, 1899-1900; Professor of History and
Political Science, 19001916; Custodian of Public Records, Pennsylvania
State Library, 19 16 to date; Instructor in Y. M. C. A. Summer Schools,
Blue Ridge, N. C, 1916-1920, Silver Bay, 1918, and Lake Geneva, 1921;
Educational Secretary, Army Y. M. C. A., Camp Travis, 1917-1918; Pro-
fessor of History, Lebanon X'alley College, 1920 —
Professor of Elementary Education
(To be elected.)
JOHANN M. BLOSE, MUS.D., Director of the Conservatory of
Music, and Pfofessor of Piano, Organ and Theoretic Music.
Oberlin Conservatory, 1882-1885; violin pupil in Luigi van Kunits,
Vienna, 1910-1911, and Ovide Musin, New York, summer, 1912; pupil
of Dr. Geo. F. Root and Frank Gleason, Chicago, (composition and
orchestration), 1889-1890; piano pupil of William F. Sherwood, Chicago,
1889-1890; Dr. William Mason, New York, summer, 1905; Joseph Git-
tings, Pittsburgh, summer, 1913; Mus.D., Waynesburg College, 1893
(having completed the work in composition and orchestration required
at Oxford, England, leading to the doctor's degree) ; director of the Con-
servatory of Music, Waynesburg College, 1885-1888, 1890-1901; director
of School of Music, Washington, (Pa.), 1901-1914; instructor in organ,
theory, and composition, Washington Seminary, 1901-1904; organist-
choirmaster, leading Pittsburgh churches, 1902-1912; director of Atlantic
City School of Music, 1915-1920; organist-choirmaster, St. Nicholas' R.
C. Church, Atlantic City, 1915-1920; conductor, Atlantic City Symphony
Society, 1915-1920; director of Hood College Conservatory of Music,
1920-22; director of Lebanon Valley Conservatory of Music, 1922 — •
FRANCES W. BLOSE Pianoforte and Ear Training
R. PORTER CAMPBELL, MUS.B., Pianoforte, Organ, Harmony
and History of Music.
Diploma in Pianoforte, Lebanon \'alley College Conservatory, 1915;
Diploma in Organ and Bachelor of Music degree ibid 1916; Teacher of
Pianoforte, History and Theory, 1915-1917; U. S. Service, 1917-1919;
private teaching, 1919-1920; Pianoforte and Pedagogy under Aloys
Kramer, and Arthur Freidheim, Summer Session, New York, 1921;
Organist and Choirmaster of Seventh Street Lutheran Church, Lebanon,
Pa.; teacher of Pianoforte, Organ, History and Harmony, Lebanon
Valley Conservatory, 1920 —
RUTH ELIZABETH ENGLE, A.B Pianoforte
(On leave of absence 1922-23.)
A. B., Lebanon Valley College, 1913; graduate of the New Kngland
Conservatory of Music; Pupil of Hutchinson, New York, and Study at
Columbia University, 1922-23.
FRANK F. HARDMAN, Voice, Snght Singing and Public School Music
Graduate Lebanon Valley College Conservatory of Music, 1908;
Student of W. W. Gilchrist, Philadelphia, 1909-1910; Director of Music,
Mercersburg Academy, 1915-1918; Studied at Cornell University, Summer
Session, 1918; Director of Pennsylvania College of Music, Meadville,
Pa., 1919-1922; Vocal Department Lebanon Valley Conservatory, 1922 —
SIR EDWARD BAXTER PERRY, Chevalier de Melusine, Pianoforte,
Musical Aesthetics and Concert Pianist.
Piano — Junius W. Hill, Boston, 1871-1875; Dr. Theodore Kullak,
Berlin, 1875-1878; Franz Liszt, Weimar, session of 1878; Dionys Bruck-
ner, Stuttgart Cionversatorium, 1883-1884; Madame Clara Schumann,
Harmony and Composition — Junius W. Hill, Boston, 7871-1875;
Carl August Haupt, Berlin, 1875-1878; Anton Seifritz, Stuttgart, 1883-
Aesthetics, Acoustics, German History, Literature and Philoso-
phy — University of Berlin, 1875-1878; the same at Polytechnic School
Concert Pianist — In America 1878-1881; in Europe 1897-1898
(receiving Knighthood with title of "Chevalier de Melusine" from Prince
Guy de Lusignan, Grand Master of the Order of Melusine, in Paris)
in United States and Canada, 1898-1917, — nearly thirty-four hundred
Lecture Recitals, of which he is the originator.
Teaching — ^Boston, 1878-1881; Oberlin Conservatory, 1881-1883
Tremont School of Music, Boston, 1886-1889; visiting director, National
Conservatory, Dallas, Texas, and various other similar institutions
1905-1910; director of music, Woman's College, Montgomery, Alabama
1918-1921; Hood College Conservatory, 1921-1922; Lebanon Valley College
Conservatory of Music, 1922 —
THE third year of the Summer Courses of Lebanon Valley
College will open on Alonday, June 18 and continue until
Saturday, August 25, inclusive. The Summer Session will
be divided into two Terms of five weeks each. Exercises in each
subject will be held six days a week. This new and unique plan
of arrangement of Terms has been afloDted believing that it
will meet the needs of three classes of persons: those who desire
to earn credit for six weeks' training in the early part of the Summer
and to have a long vacation in the latter part of the Summer; those
who prefer to have the vacation period first, and to engage in study
during the latter half of the Summer; and those who desire to make
more rapid advancement towards a degree, and will therefore attend
the School through both Terms for this or other reasons.
Inasmuch as the Summer Session is authorized and approved by
the Trustees of the College, and directed by the Faculty, it is an in-
tegral part of the work of the institution. All the resources of the
institution are placed at the disposal of the students. All courses
are open to men and women alike. All courses will be taught by
regular members of the college Faculty, or, in a few cases, by other
suitable persons selected to augment the Faculty for the Summer
The sessions are held in the buildings of the College at Annville.
The environment, the social life, the opportunities for healthful
recreation, as well as for quiet and effective study make this an
ideal location for a Summer School.
The courses are planned primarily for the following groups of men
1. Those who wish to complete their college entrance require-
2. Those who desire to shorten the period of college residence or
to make up deficiencies.
3. Teachers in service v^'ho wish, while teaching, to advance to-
wards a college degree.
4. Those who hold the Bachelor's degree and desire to work to-
wards the Master's degree.
5. Those wdio wish to meet the requirements for the various
classes of teachers' certificates.
6. Teachers whose certification is already satisfactory, but who
desire to improve and to keep abreast of developments in their
7. Persons who desire collegiate instruction for other reasons
Lebanon Valley College is fortunate in being unusually well
equipped with buildings for its various needs, including attractive
modern residence halls for men and for women. The Administration
Building contains administrative offices, classrooms and laboratories,
and is very well adapted to this purpose. Other splendid buildings are
the College Church, Engle Conservatory of Music, and Carnegie
Library. The library is well stocked with books and periodicals,
and the laboratories are well equipped for their purpose. The gym-
nasium, the campus with its tennis courts, and the athletic field
complete the equipment for physical education and recreation.
The college is located at Annville, on the William Penn Highway,
21 miles from Harrisburg and five miles from Lebanon. It is on
the main line of the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad between
Reading and Harrisburg, and is also connected with both Harrisburg
and Lebanon by trolley. Trolleys leaves for Annville: from Harris-
burg, every hour, on the hour; from Lebanon at twenty-five minutes
after the hour. P. & R. trains for Annville leave Harrisburg at
4:35, 6:10 and 10:20 A. M., and at 1:00, 3:25 and 6:30 P. M. Trains
leave Reading at 5:00, 7:05 and 10:15 A. M., and at 3:15, 6:05 and
8:45 P. M.
There are no formal examinations for admission to the summer
school. Students, both men and women, will be admitted to such
courses as the respective instructors find them qualified to pursue
In order that the work may proceed with dispatch upon the open-
ing of the term, it is urged that arrangements for registration be
made by mail. Applications for admission and registration will be
received by the Registrar up to and including Saturday, June 16;
address, Annville, Pa.
Registration may be made in person at the Registrar's office in
the Administration Building on June 15 and 16 from 9 A. M. to 4
P. M., exclusive of the noon hour. No registrations will be made
and no changes in courses permitted after June 19.
Registration may be made for the Second Term on July 19, 20
and 21. from 1 P. M. to 4 P. M.
J .;-^'-i-sps«^.,w w ^^^\pii'^i,^^^'4m^^^i^^<9i>^'*
Instructors will keep strict and accurate record of attendance and'
students will be expected to be present at every class appointment.
Absence from class exercises may be excused only in case of illness.
Certificates will be issued to all students showing the courses at-
tended, grades and number of semester hours' credit. Courses taken
during the Summer Session are credited towards the college degrees
on the same basis as courses taken during the regular college year.
One hundred and twenty-four points, exclusive of Physical Educa-
tion, are required for the bachelor's degrees, and twenty-eight for
the master's degree. The requirement of one year's residence for I
the master's degree may be met b}^ attendance upon both terms for
three Summer Sessions. For complete information concerning the
requirements for degrees the candidate should refer to the college
catalog or address the Registrar.
Credit towards college entrance will be granted for the satisfac-
tory completion of courses such as are usually offered in secondary
schools. The Summer Session will offer a sufficient variety of courses
of this grade to meet the needs of those who desire such work.
Inasmuch as Lebanon Valley College is an accredited institution,
on the first list of colleges and universities, persons who complete
the courses offered may safely assume that their credits will be hon-
ored wherever they may be presented. Students are advised, how-
ever, of the desirability of inquiring in advance whether courses
which they propose to elect will be acceptable as satisfying the par-
ticular requirements or purposes for which they are taken.
A rej2:istration fee of $5 will be charged each student, whether
registration is made for one or two terms.
The fee for tuition is $25 per term, payment of which entitles the
student to attend as many as three courses.
The charge for board and room is $7 per week, $35 per term.
The entire charge for registration, tuition, board and room for one
term is therefore $65. two terms, $125.
The fees for each term are payable at the time of registration, as
a condition of admission to classes.
Professor Beattv. together with four members to be elected from
the student body, will constitute an i\ctivities Committee. It will
be the purpose of this Committee to develop the social life of the
school by planning a number of social activities, entertainments,
lectures, excursions, hikes, or such other forms of recreation as may
be found desirable.
The library will be open and in charge of a trained librarian for
a suitable number of hours daily. The hours will be announced at
the opening of the session.
In connection with the Summer Session a demonstration school,
which will afford opportunity for observation, demonstrations, ex-
Derimentation. and practice teaching, in the various grades, ele-
mentary and secondary, is being planned.
NOTICE TO BOARDING STUDENTS
Each room in the Men's Dormitorv is furnished with a cot,
mattress, one chair and student table for each occupant. Students
must furnish their own bedding, carpets, towels, napkins, soap and
all other necessary furnishings.
Each room in the Women's Dormitory is furnished with bed,
mattress, chair, dresser and student table. All other desired fur-
nishings must be supplied by the student.
One 40-watt light is furnished for each occupant of a room. Any
additional lights must be paid for by the student.
The more desirable rooms will be reserved in the order of appli-
cation. No fee is required. Address the Registrar promptly in order
that the most attractive room available may be reserved for you.
MT. GRETNA BIOLOGICAL STATION
Mount Gretna is a paradise for the Naturalist or Biologist. The
opportunities for study of inland forms of life are unlimited. An
abundant variety of plant and animal associations and varied eco-
logical conditions are accessible. The topography consists of moun-
tains with a wide range of forest trees and shrubs, deep ravines, with
cold mountain streams, carrying the pure spring water through
densely vegetated swamps out into richly cultivated meadowlands.
Old fields, once under cultivation and now reserved for military
purposes, supply unusual types of uncultivated forms of life. The
lake and ponds are rich in aquatic forms, some of which are very
rare. The flora is rich in fungae, mosses, ferns and flowering plants.
Over thirty species of ferns are found in the vicinity. Over one
hundred species of flowering plants have been identified by classes
in a single day's tramp. An herbarium of several hundred species
may be collected in a season.
Birds and insects are abundant both in species and numbers and
in the summer season offer excellent opportunities for the study of
breeding habits and life histories.
All necessary equipment from the biological laboratories of the
college will be transferred to Mt. Gretna, where the head of the
department of Biology will be in residence, and where he will or-
ganize a Biological Station under conditions which will afford most
extraordinary opportunities for the pursuit of this branch of science.
Inasmuch as Mt. Gretna is but a few miles distant from the college,
it will be possible for students who so desire to take courses at the
college in the forenoon hours and at the Biological Station in the
afternoon. The Summer Session plans to arrange for automobile
transportation so as to make this possible.
TEACHER PLACEMENT SERVICE
Our Appointment Bureau co-operates with the Placement Service
— Teacher Bureau — of the Department of Public Instruction, Har-
risburg. Pennsylvania, thus offering additional facilities for the place-
ment of our graduates and alumni.
The Teacher Placement Service has been established by the De-
partment of Public Instruction and its purpose is to assist school
officials secure competentlv trained teachers and to aid teachers
secure suitable positions in fields of service for which their training
best fits them.
No enrollment fee is required and no charge is made for any ser-
vice rendered by the Bureau. Blank forms for enrollment and a
circular containing full particulars with regard to the work of the
Bureau may be obtained by addressing Placement Service, Teacher
Bureau, Department of Public Instruction, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania.
EXTRACTS FROM THE CERTIFICA-
The following extracts are taken from the certification require-
ments as published by the State Council of Education. "All persons
holding- Standard, Normal or College certificates shall be considered
to have the standard qualifications."
I. PARTIAL CERTIFICATES
This certificate is issued bv the Superintendent of Public Instruc-
tion upon the request of the local county or district superintendent
under whose authority the applicant is to teach, and entitles the
holder to teach in the designated county or district for a period of one
year the subjects prescribed for the elementary school curriculum.
Applicants for this form of certificate must have had four years
of high school education, or the equivalent, and eight semester hours
of professional training.
The first renewal of this certificate is dependent upon a rating of
"low" or better plus six semester hours of further professional train-
ing. Subsequent renewals require a rating of "middle" or better and
six additional semester hours of professional training.
The Partial Elementary Certificate wU\ be converted into the
Standard Certificate when the holder has the qualifications required
for the Standard Certificate.
The minimum salary guarantee for the Partial Elementary certifi-
cate is eighty-five dollars a month.
(This certificate differs from the above in that it requires in addi-
tion tw'O years of collegiate education.)
II. STANDARD CERTIFICATES
This certificate is issued by the Superintendent of Public Instruc-
tion and entitles the holder to teach for a period of two j^ears the
subjects prescribed for the curriculum of the elementary school or
such subjects as maA^ be specificallv written upon its face in either
the elementary or secondary field of education as may be prescribed.
Applicants for this form of certificate must have had a four year
high school or equivalent education and two years (seventy semester
hours) or the equivalent of professional training for teaching. Ob-
Servation, participation and practice teaching of not less than six
semester hours or its equivalent must form a part of this requirement.
The first renewal of this certificate is dependent upon a rating of
"low" or better. Subsequent renewals require a rating of "middle"
This certificate is issued to the holder of a Standard Temporary
Certificate or its equivalent at the end of its first period or any sub-
sequent renewal period on a rating of "middle" or better and evi-
dence of four years of successful teaching experience.
In art education, commercial education, health education, home
economics or music, not less than three years of approved training
beyond high school grade in the specified field shall be required for
a Standard Permanent Certificate.
This certificate entitles the holder to teach for three years the
subjects prescribed for a public high school of the third class or to
teach in any public high school of the Commonwealth the subjects
indicated on its face.
The applicant for this certificate must be a graduate of an approved
college or universitv and must have successfully completed at least
eighteen semester hours of work of college grade in education dis-
tributed as follows:
Introduction to Teaching 3 semester hours
Educational Psychology 3 semester hours
Electives in Education selected from the fol-
lowing list 6 semester hours
History of Education
Principles of Education
Technique of Teaching
Practice teaching in the appropriate field . .6 semester hours
Three years of successful teaching experience in the field in which
certification is sought, together with a teaching rating of "middle"
or better, may be accepted as the equivalent of th^ practice teaching
The holder of this certificate will be certified to teach each subject
in which not less than twelve semester hours have been completed.
The scope of this certificate will be extended to cover a field of
learning when the distribution of the applicant's credentials so war-
This certificate may be renewed once on a rating of '"low" or better
plus six additional semester hours of work of college grade,, one-half
of which must be professional.
The issue of this certificate is dependent upon the possession of
the qualifications required for the Provisional College Certificate
and in addition thereto three years of successful teaching experience
in the appropriate field and the satisfactory completion of six semes-
ter hours of additional work of at least collegiate grade, one-half of
which should be professional and the remainder related to the sub-
jects or subject fields in which the candidate is certified to teach,
together with a teaching rating of "middle" or better.
This certificate entitles the holder to teach for life the subjects
prescribed for a public high school of the third class, or to teach in
any public school of the Commonwealth the subjects indicated on its
Additional Branches. — In order to add a subject or subject field to
a certificate, credentials showing the satisfactory completion of
twelve semester hours of approved training must be presented.
COURSES OF INSTRUCTION
The Summer School Committee reserves the right to withdraw
courses whenever the number of apphcants does not justify the or-
ganization of a class.
While High School courses are not listed below, such courses as
are commonly offered and accepted for college entrance will be
given if there is sufficient demand to justify tlie formation of classes.
Si 12. Methods of Teaching Biology in Secondary Schools. — One
hour per day. This course includes lectures dealing with the prob-
lems of High School Biology, Botany and Zoology courses, content,
types of courses and methods of collecting and preserving materials
for class demonstrations and laboratory work. Two semester hours.
Three courses are offered for those interested in Nature Study,
whether from the standpoint of a general interest or for those en-
gaged in teaching Nature Study in the grades or Botany and Zoology
in the High School. The work has been so^ arranged that a student
may pursue one or two or three courses as desired. If the three
courses are pursued it will require all of the time of the student and
will earn six semester hours of credit per term. Students desiring
to devote all of their time to this work are advised to reside at Mt.
Gretna or within convenient commuting distance.
S82. Bird Study. — One hour per dav. Lectures and demonstra-
tions on the structure, classification and distribution of birds, accom-
panied bv observations of habits, behavior and songs of about
seventy species of birds found in the vicinity of Mt. Gretna and
Annville. Illustrated lectures on birds of other regions. Two semes-
S94. Botany. — Two hours per day. This course will develop a
knowledge of living plants in their natural habitat and will include
lectures on structure, adaptations, plant societies, ecological con-
ditions, and classification. Most of the work will be done in the
field. Types of Slime Moulds, Algae, Fungae, Liverworts, Mosses,
Ferns and Flowering plants will be studied. Four semester hours.
S72. Animal Behavior. — One hour per day. This course consists
of observations of the habits of several common insects and other
animals easily accessible for school work both in their natural habitat
and in captivity. Methods of capturing and maintaining them in
captivity for observation will be taught. The project method will
be used and opportunities will be afforded for considerable work
beyond that done at the scheduled time. Two semester hours.
S18. General Chemistry. — An introduction to the study of chem.-
istry, including a study of the elements, their classification and
properties, and a study of the important compounds of each element.
During the course constant reference is made to manufacturing and
industrial processes, and interpretation of the phenomenal material
development of the present century is made in the light of the rapid
increase in chemical knowledge. The laboratory work of the course
includes about 100 carefully selected experiments. One hour lecture
or recitation daily and twelve hours of laboratory work weekly.
Text, Holmes' General Chemistry. Laboratory Fee $16.00.
S28. Ors:anic Chemistry. — A study of the sources, classification and
type reactions of organic materials, of foodstuffs and their relation
to nutrition, dyes, pharmaceuticals, explosives, petroleum products,
coal tar intermediates, manufacturing processes and recent develop-
ments in this field of chemistry. The course will include a carefully
selected series of demonstrations, the display of a large number of
representative materials and the use of a large number of charts
prepared especially for the course. A knowledge of the elements of
chemistry will be assumed. The laboratory work of the course
consists of about sixty experiments covering the preparation and
study of a wnde range of representative compounds. One hour of
lecture and recitation and three hours of laboratory work daily.
Laboratory Fee $24.00.
S14. Household Chemistry. — A beginner's course, emphasizing
the practical every day side of chemistry and including a study of
the chemistry of foods and their preparation and preservation, with
simole tests for adnlterants and preservatives, bacteria and disin-
fectants, soaps and their manufacture, medicinals, sanitation, water
supply, fuels, textiles and the elements of dyes and dyeing. One
hour lecture daily.
S28. Qualitative Analysis. — A stud}^ of the systematic methods
of separating and detecting all of the ordinary metal and acid radicles.
The laboratory work includes the analysis of about thirty solutions
and solids varying in complexity from sim^ple salts to complex
insoluble artificial mixtures. One hour of lecture or recitation and
three hours of laboratory work daily. Laboratory Fee $16.00.
EDUCATION AND PSYCHOLOGY
S182. The Proiect Method of Teaching.— This course deals with
the origin of the project method, its meaning and importance, dan-
gers and difficuUies and how they may he overcome. Each member
of the class will be expected to make an independent study of
project teaching as applied to some one special subject in which he
or she is particularly interested, and to present to the group an out-
line of plans by which all or some part of the course of study in that
subject might be taught by one or more projects. First term. Two
points. Professor Hoke.
S192. Philosophy of Education. — This course aims to orient teach-
ers and to supply a basis for constructive thinking in the field of
education. It will include a discussion of the aims and methods
of public education from the modern point of view. Various theories
in education will be considered. The class will study the changes
that have been brought about in educational conceptions as they
have been influenced by modern industrial, social, and scientific de-
velopments. First term. Two points. Professor Butterwick.
S202. The Junior High School. — After a consideration of the
history of education in America and of the demands for a reorgani-
zation of the school system. dilTerent features of organization and
administration are discussed. Such subiects as preparation of teach-
ers, curricula, courses of study and schedule making are considered
and careful attention is given to the problems of adolescence, voca-
tional guidance and industrial training. Second term. Two points.
S12. History of Education — One hour per day. This course is
an analysis of the history of education from the days of primitive
man to the present day, with special emphasis upon the work of
Rousseau, Pestalozzi, Hebart and Froebel, as the forerunners of
modern educational theories and practices. Two semester hours.
First term. Professor Butterwick.
S212. Principles of Education,— A consideration of the principles
which underlie a scientific theory of education. The course involves
the discussion of such topics as the definitions and aims of education;
various conceptions of educational values; the doctrine of formal
discipline; the relation of liberal to vocational education; the basic
principles of the curriculum, and of method; the relation of the edu-
cation process to democracv. Second term. Two points. Professor
S222. History of Education in the United States. — Study of edu-
cation in colonial times; early attempts at organizing systems of
education; the history of the elementar}' school; the Latin Grammar
school; the academy movement; the history and growth of high
schools; colleg-es and uniyersities; the present public school. Second
term. Two points. Professor Butterwick.
S232. School Management and Law. — This course considers the
organization and management of high school courses of study,
schedules, discipline, supervision of study, educational and vocational
guidance, problems of social and athletic and literary activities,
school-community activities, student self-government and other so-
cializing processes; the legal status of schools, their support and
control by state, county and local authorities. First term. Two
S242. School Supervision and Administration. — An introductory,
comprehensive course designed for students who desire to study
the principles underlying educational organization, administration,
and supervision. Lectures, reading, reports, and discussions. The
course is planned for those who are now engaged in supervision
or administration, or who look forward to careers in this profession.
Second term. Two points,
S252. Methods of Teaching in the High Schools. — A study of
the high school teaching problems; the general principles of in-
struction; the principal types of teaching; the kinds of learning in-
volved in the various secondary subjects and the corresponding
methods of instruction. The discussion of reports from observations
and practice teaching. First term. Two points.
S32. Principles of Secondary Education. — The high school pupils,
their physical and mental traits, individual differences, and the make-
up of the high school population; the secondary school as an institu-
tion, its history, its relation to elementary education, and to higher
education; social principles determining secondary education; aims
and functions of secondary education; the curriculum; the place,
function, and value of the several subjects of the curriculum; or-
ganization and management of the high school. Second term. Two
S262. Psychology. — Introductory course, intended to give the
student a general knowledge of the phenomena of the mind; to lay
the foundation for further psychological work; and to provide a
psychological basis for the study of education, sociology and phil-
osophy. First term. Two semester hours. Professor Hoke.
S272. Experimental Psychology. — A brief, introductory course in
Experimental Psvchology. A knowledge of the elements of General
Psychology will be assumed. In connection with the course the
class will make a hasty review of Psychology so far as may be neces-
sary as a basis for the work. The course will be limited to experi-
ments in the field of Sensation alone. Second term. Two points
S32. Educational Psychology. — Emphasis on the topics of gen-
eral psychology which form the basis for educational application. A
study of the mental characteristics of children of various ages; indi-
vidual differences, their measurements, causes and significance;
school tests and scales; the laws of learning, and of behavior. First
term. Two semester hours. Professor Butterwick.
S72. Child Psychology. — One hour per dav. A course on the
nature and development of intellect and character during childhood
and adolescence. Two semester hours' credit. Second term. Pro-
S282. Educational Measurements. — This course will familiarize
students with the theorv of measurement iu h>lucation and with
the statistical methods employed both in the construction and in the
use of tests. More especial attention, however, will be given to
the various tests for both the elementary and the secondary field.
Each member of the class will be expected to administer and re-
port upon at least one representative test. The course will attempt
to make clear not only how to administer tests properly, but also
how to make use of the results for the improvement of school work.
First term. Two semester hours. Professor Hoke.
S292. Mental Measurement. — This course in the measurement of
intelligence will familiarize students with the historv of the move-
ment as well as with present developments in this field. A careful
studv will be made of the uses and methods of using the various
intelligence test results. Members of the class will be taught how
to administer the Stanford Revision and Extension of the Binet-
Simon Scale, as well as the various group tests in most common use.
Second term. Two semester hours. Professor Hoke.
S92. Introduction to Teaching. — One hour per day. A studv of
the Drincinles underlving the process of learning, together with meth-
ods of directing and assisting others in the learning process. This
course is designed to assist teachers who are beginning the work of
elementary instruction and who have not had the advantage of
scientific training. The approved methods, of general application in
this field, will be studied and discussed. High School graduates
who are beginning the work of teaching and teachers who feel the
need of methods in their grade work will find this course adapted to
their needs. First term. Two semester hours.
S302. Teaching the Elementary School Subjects. — This course in
method and content of the subjects of the intermediate and grammar
grades offers a critical survey of existing conditions with reference to
the social demands made upon the school. Lectures, readings, and
discussions. Second term. Two semester hours.
S312. School Efficiency. — The course includes a study of class-
room routine, the organization of the daily study and recitation pro-
gram, hygienic standards for and care of classrooms, the making
and keeping of records, the methods of lesson assignment, the
tyoes of classroom exercises, efficient methods of study, tvpes of
questioning, and the problems of discipline. A certain amount of
observation in the practice rooms will be required. First term. Two
S102. Physiology and School Hygiene. — One hour per day. This
course offers a general survey of the principles of sanitary science
and disease prevention, the spread and control of infectious diseases,
problems of rural hygiene, personal hygiene and the social and eco-
nomic aspects of health problems. The work of the State and Local
Boards of Health will be studied. Second term. Two semester
S322. The Teaching of Reading. — The aim of this course is to
train the students in proper method of teaching reading in the in-
termediate and grammar grades, with emphasis upon the viewpoint
of the experimental school. The student will be made familiar with
the diagnosis of difficulties and the application of remedial measures.
First term. Two semester hours.
S332. Methods of Teaching Arithmetic. — A consideration of the
best ways and means of meeting the various problems as they arise
from grade to grade. In addition to the discussion of the work of
each grade, such topics as the following will be discussed: efficiency
in arithmetic; the place and accuracy of checks; habit-formation;
the use of games; motivation: rationalization; problems of local
color; methods of teaching: lesson plans; measuring results. A
careful study will be made of the new psychology and methods in
this field. Second term. Two semester hours.
S342. Practice Teaching. — The Summer Session will afford oppor-
timity for observation and practice teaching. To this end a practice
school is being arranged for, which will include both elementary
and high school grades. The work will be so organized as to make
possible the earning of six semester hours' credit.
S13. Dramatic Interpretation. — One hour per day. Members of
this course in the vocal interpretation of literature will read one of
Shakespeare's plays, several one-act plays and other types of litera-
ture. The course will furnish an opportunity for public performance,
will assist members in the designing and 'executing of settings, cos-
tumes and accessories for school dramatics and pageantry. At least
one public performance will be given each term. One semester
S42. The Romantic Movement. — One hour per day. This course
covers the works of Thomson. Grey, Burns. Wordsworth. Coleridge,
Byron, Shelley, Keats, Lamb, Hazlitt, DeQuincy, and other writers
of the early nineteenth centur3^ Attention is called to the conti-
nental literatur(> of the same period. Two semester hours.
S15. Modern Drama. — One hour per dav. This is a course stress-
ing the theories of play-construction and dramatic criticism. The
types of dramatic literature; the aims, the techni(|ue, the problems,
as represented by I])sen, Hauptman. Alaeterlinck, Hervieu. Rostand.
D'Annunzio, Tchekhoy, Phillips, Pinero. (ialsworthy. Shaw, Synge
and Yeates. Two semester hours.
S132. Methods of Teaching English. — One hour per day. This
course consists of lectures and discussions in the interpretation and
presentation of literature. The subject of technique in the stud}^ of
literature and the direction of library and general reading will re-
ceive special consideration. Teachers in the grammar grades and
High School will find this course of particular value. Two semester
S14. First year French. — This course includes a drill in French
pronunciation and grammar, with exercises in dictation and com-
position. Several easy texts will be read. Both terms. Four semes-
S24. Second year French. — Grammar, composition, dictation, and
the reading and interpretation of texts of intermediate difficulty.
Both terms. Four semester hours.
S34. French Literature of the 17th Century. — Study of the classi
drama. Reading and reports on the works of Corneille, Moliere
Racine, and other representative writers. Both terms. Four semes-
S12. Pennsylvania in the Federal Union. — This course covers the
period from the adoption of the Constitution of the United States
to the Civil War. The place of Pennsylvania in national affairs will
be considered. The political and economic phases of our history will
receive consideration. The course is especially adapted to the needs
of those who teach in Pennsylvania and is designed to give a more
intensive local view and at the same time a broader national outlook.
Two semester hours' credit. This course will be. offered in the
evening: during the first term.
S42. A Survey of American History to 1789. — One hour per day.
This course offers a survey of the European background of American
History and the establishment in America of European Institutions,
with special emphasis upon the English settlements. Lectures, dis-
cussions and readings. Schuyler and Fox's "Syllabus of American
History" will be used. Two semester hours. Second term.
S52. Modern European Problems. — One hour per day. This
course is planned to show the relation of the United States to Euro-
pean problems. The chief tooics discussed are the Congress of
Vienna, the reshaping of the map of Europe, the Industrial Revolu-
tion, the growth of Italian and German unity, the rise of Russia,
the late war. and current and international problems resulting there-
from. Lectures, readings, reports and discussions. Two semester
hours. Second term.
S62. Methods of Teaching: History in the Secondary Schools. —
One hour per day. In the first part of the course the principles
underlying the study of History and Civics will be discussed; the
place of History in the field of civic education; the use of illustrative
materials in "making the oast real" and generally approved methods
of presentation of the subject will receive due consideration. The
teacher's experience will be drawn upon extensively and the subject
of measurements in the teacTiing of History will be emphasized. Two
semester hours. Second term.
S32. Survey of Latin Literature. — This course offers a rapid
survey of all the best in Latin Literature. No reading in Latin will
be required but a knowledge of Latin is desirable. The course will
be conducted mainly by lectures, but a small text-book will be as-
signed for study, and readings in translation of some of the master-
pieces of Latin literature will be assigned from time to time. First
term. Two semester hours.
S42. Roman Private Life. — This course will be conducted by lec-
tures and reports on such phases of Roman civilization as the family,
education, dress, marriage customs, amusements, etc. It will be
found to provide a rich background from which to draw illustrations
and comment upon the authors read in high school. Second term.
Two semester hours.
S54. Teachers' Review Course. — This course will provide an op-
portunity for a thorough review of the rules of Latin grammar and
syntax. The texts of the Latin authors usually read in high schools
will be used as a basis for discussion of the rules of syntax, and
suggestions in interpretation will also be offered. Methods of teach-
ing Latin will be discussed, and the new movement rising out of the
work of the Classical League will be fully reviewed. Both terms.
Four semester hours.
Reading courses in the authors usually prescribed for entrance or
college credits will also be arranged if there is sufficient demand to
make up classes.
S12. Library Technique.— This course is planned with the idea
of helping teachers who mav have charge of school libraries, to
organize and administer them. Many schools cannot afford trained
librarians. In such cases this course should prove of much value
to the teacher in charge. The course will also prove helpful to any
others who may wnsh an introduction to library science. This course
includes the arrangement and administration of libraries, book pur-
chasing and other problems particularly related to school libraries.
Two or four semester hours. Miss Mevers.
Courses will be given in the following subjects provided there are
S12. College Algebra.
S22. Plane Trigonometry.
S32. Analytic Geometry.
S42. Elementary Differential Calculus.
S12. Elementary Physics. — This course will be a rapid survey of
the entire physical science, emphasizing at all points the physical
principles that ought to be thoroughly understood by the student in
the secondary school. The principal motive in offering this course
is the improvement of the teaching of Physics in the High School.
S52. Radio Telephony and Telegraphy. — This course is primarily
intended to supplement the popular interest in radio with scientific
and technical information concerning radio transmission and recep-
tion. It will be offered only on condition that there are enough can-
didates to make it mutually profitable. Candidates interested in this
course are urged to communicate with the Registrar at an early date.
S14. Beginners' Spanish. — The elements of grammar; practice in
composition and conversation, and the reading of a book of simple
stories. Both terms. Four semester hours.
S12. Economic Theory. — One hoiir per day. A course in eco-
nomic theory coyering the work of one semester. Two semester
hours. First term.
S22. Economic Problems. — One hour per day. A study of prac-
tical economic problems, continuing the work of Economics 12 and
completing the work of the first year of economics. Two semester
hours. Second term.
S12. Problems in American Democracy. — One hour per day. This
course is designed especially to meet the needs of public school
teachers. The aim is to acquaint them, by a short and interesting
survey, with the field work of the social sciences, and to qualify
them for more efficient leadership in the social work of the com-
munity. The work consists of the examination and discussion of
current social, political and economic problems, their causes and
effects and proposed solutions. Two semester hours. Offered during
the first term.
S22. Problems in American Democracy. — One hour per day. The
work of the second term will be a continuation of that of the first.
Forum discussions and reports on assigned readings will be the
plan. Two semester hours.
S12. Educational Sociology. — One hour per day. The course is
designed primarily for teachers or for persons in the later stages of
preparation for teaching. As professional moulders of public opinion,
the members of this class are expected to participate in the discus-
sion of sociological questions, particularly those with educational
applications. Two scniester hours. First term.
S22. Rural Sociology. — One hour per day. Rural problems are
studied and discussed with the aim of providing a foundation for
the better development of rural economic, social and civic units.
Two semester hours. Second term.
CONSERVATORY OF MUSIC
Dr. Tohann M. Blose. Director
The Conservatory offers courses of study adapted to the special
needs of students in various branches and .arrades of advancement,
leading to Certificates, Diplomas and Degrees.
THE SUMMER SESSION
of five weeks, beginning June 18 and ending July 21, 1923, for the
Public School Music. — This course is designed to meet the varied
requirements of teachers in all grades. It embraces a thorough and
practical study of Elements and Terminology of Music, Ear Train-
ing, Sight Singing and Melodic Dictation; Elements of Harmony and
Composition, Melodic and Harmonic Thinking, and Methods of
Teaching. The obiect is to afTord students and teachers an op-
portunity of acquiring a superior knowledge of the fundamentals of
music and the science of musical pedagogy. Those desiring to enter
this course should have some preparatory work in the study of
Tonality, Scales and in Singing, though no advanced degree of pro-
ficiency is prerequisite.
This course is in full harmony with the standards set forth by
the Department of Public Instruction of the State of Pennsylvania.
Piano Music. — This Course consists of clear and definite instruction
in the Mental and Manual Elements of Technic, the Art of Phrasing,
Interpretation and Concert Playing.
Piano Teachers who desire special work in the Art of Teaching
will be accommodated by an excellent course of lessons in Practical
Piano Pedagogy under the Director.
All work in E. V. Conservatory is carefully and wisely adapted to
the temperamental and personal needs of the individual student,
insuring rapid and substantial progress consistent with the student's
natural endowment, — talent, enthusiasm and industry.
PROGRESSIVE SERIES OF PIANO LESSONS
(Leopold Godowsky, Chief Editor)
Dr. Blose is a ciualified member of the Musical Art Society, and
is duly authorized to teach the Series. Persons desiring this course
of lessons may pursue the same at L. V. Conservatory, receive in-
struction endorsed by Mr. Godowsky, and upon completion of the
course will receive the Graduate Certificate from the Art Society.
Violin Music. — A course of training in Left Hand Technic, the
Art of Bowing, Solo and Ensemble Playing in line with the most
recent developments in the nse of the small king of instruments
will be given to those who are sufficiently advanced to receive
benefits from the work. There is a possibility that arrangements
will be made for a limited number of primary students, — this will
depend upon the number of persons desiring lessons.
Organ Music. — Organists who are progressive and desire ad-
vantages of a summer school will find here a splendid opportunity for
advancement in the use of the Pedals, a knowledge of Stop-values,
Phrasing, Choir accompaniment, Registration, Church and Concert
Solo playing, Improvisation, etc.
Vocal Music. — In this course the method embodies Freedom and
Relaxation, Breathing and Breath control. Resonance and Rein-
forcement, Tone color and Tone character. To this end vocal de-
velopment and culture are necessarilv progressive. According to
traditions of the old Italian masters, who trained many famous sing-
ers, a few simple exercises, each embodying a definite principle, full
of meaning and productive of good results are judiciously and wisely
applied, and mind, the master engineer becomes director of the en-
tire vocal apparatus, making it readily responsive to the require-
ments of artistic sinerins:.
Choral Music. — No branch of musical culture lends so graciously
to musicianship as does the study and practice of standard choral
works. The efficiency of this work depends largely upon the num-
ber of persons constituting a chorus, and their ability to read and
perform intelligently under the direction of a competent leader. It
is the purpose to give the students of this department all the ad-
vantages connected with possible choral study during the summer
session. The Lebanon Valley Choral Society, active during the
collegiate year, is one of the best of the kind in the state, and is
proving to be one of the best educational factors of the institution.
IT IS IMPORTANT THAT YOU
make reservations as early as is possible. Persons desiring work in
the Conservatory are requested to report to the Director, if possible
before May 15, and not later than Tune 1.
TUITION EXPENlSES IN MUSIC FOR SUMMER TER
OF FIVE WEEKS
Public School Course, daily routine in harmony with the Penn-
sylvania standards $1
Pianoforte (under the Director) two lessons per week 2
Three lessons per week 3
Pianoforte (under associate teacher) two lessons per week.. 2
Three lessons per week 2
Violin (special course) two lessons per week 2
Three lessons per week 3
Organ (same as Pianoforte) $25.00 and $35.00 or $20.00 and 2
Singing, two lessons per week 1
Three lessons per week 2
Choral Music, three hour recitations per week free to all music
academic students of the Summer School.
Single lessons, in the various branches, $1.50 to $3.00.
PRACTICE INSTRUMENT RENTALS
Organ, three manual, one hour a day per five-week session.. $
Two manual organ ditto
Piano, for each hour a day per five-week session
All Conservatory charges are payable strictly in advance of
If you are interested in, or expect to attend the Summer Session
of Lebanon V'^allev College, the Registrar of the Summer Session will
esteem it a favor if you will fill out and return to him, as early as
possible, the form below. In so doing you will not obligate yourself
in any wav, but will greatly help the School in making proper
arrangements for its work.
Samuel O. Grimm, Registrar,
Lebanon Valley College,
(I am interested in) (I expect to attend) the Summer Session
of Lebanon Valley College. Please give me the following informa-
My purpose in attending the Summer Session is;
I desire to study the following subjects:
Please (reserve) (do not reserve) a place for me in the College dormi-
tories, — the most desirable room available at the time my reserva-
tion is received.
I am giving, on the back of this blank, a statement of my training
I have the following credits:
Name of School Name of Course
No. of Sem. Hrs.
My experience is as follows:
Yours very truly,
Mot-«£» in -full