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Xelianon "^allep 


Vol. 10 ( FEBRUARY, 1923 

No. 8 








Entered as second-class matter at Annville, Pa., under the Act of August 24, 1912 











































M T w T F s 

Summer School Calendar 

June 15 and 16 — Registration of Students. 
June 18 — First Term Begins. 
July 21— First Term Ends. 
July 23 — Second Term Begins. 
August 25 — Second Term Ends. 

Committee on Summer Session 



R. R. BUTTERWICK Secretary 

Officers of Administration and 


SAMUEL O. GRLMM, A.M Registrar 

ALBERT BARNHART Treasurer of the SiDiimer Sehool 

THOMAS BAYARD BEATTY, A.M Professor of English 

A. B., Lebanon \'alley College, 1905; A. M., Columbia University, 
1920; Instructor in Massanutten Academy, 1906; Teacher of English, 
Central High School, Pittsburgh, 1907-1914; Student Curry School of 
Expression, summers 1908, 1909; student Columbia University, summers 
191 1, 1917, 1918 and 1919; Principal of Schools, Red Lion, Pa., 1914-1916; 
Professor, Design School C. L T., 1916-1919; study and travel in Eng- 
land, summer 1922; Professor of Ivnglish, Lebanon Valley College, 1919 — 

ANDREW BENDER, Ph.D Professor of Chemistry 

A. B., Lebanon X'alley College, 1906; Ph.D., Columbia University, 
1914; Professor of Chemistry and Physics, Lebanon Valley College, 1907- 
1909; Instructor in Analytical Chemistry, Columbia University, 1912-1914; 
In Industrial Chemistry, 1914-1921; Chief Chemist, Aetna Explosives 
Company; Chemical Director, British American Chemical Company; 
Director of Control Laboratory, The Barrett Company; Professor of 
Chemistry, Lebanon \'alley College, 1921 — 

ETHEL MARY BENNETT. B.A Professor of Freneh 

B. A., \'ictoria College, University of Toronto, 1915; in charge of 
Modern Language Department, Ontario Ladies' College, Whitby, Ont., 
1915-1919; Tutor in French and Gennan, University of Chicago, 1920- 
1921; Acting Professor of French Literature, Lebanon X'alley College, 

HAROLD BENNETT, Ph.D., Professor of Latin Language and 

B. A., Victoria College, University of Toronto, 1915; military service 
with Canadian Expeditionary Forces, 1915-1918; fellow in Latin, Uni- 
versity of Chicago, 1919-1921; Ph.D., University of Chicago, 1921; 
Professor of Latin, College of Charleston, Charleston, S. C, 1921-22; 
Professor of Latin Language and Literature, Lebanon X'alley College, 
1922 — 

ROBERT R. BUTTERWICK, A.M., B.D., D.D., Professor of Phil- 
osophy and Bible. 

A. B., Lebanon Valley College, 1901; A. AL, ibid., 1904; B. D., 
Bonebrake Theological Seminary, 1905; D.D., Lebanon Valley College, 
1910; twenty-six years in the Ministry; Professor of Philosophy and 
Religion, Lebanon \"alley College, 1912-1922; Professor of Philosophy and 
Bible, 1922 — 

SAMUEL H. DERICKSON, M.S Professor of Biological Science 

B. S., Lebanon Valley College, 1902; graduate student, Johns Hop- 
kins University, 1902-1903; M. S., Lebanon \'alley College, 1903; Pro- 
fessor of Biological Science, Lebanon Valley College, 1903; Land Zoolo- 
gist, Bahama Expedition, Baltimore Geographical Society, summer 1904; 
Director, collection of Eocene and Miocene Fossils for Vassar College, 
summer 1908; Student, Marine Biology, Bermuda, summer 1909; Student 
Tropical Botanical Gardens, Jamaica, summer 1910; Student Brooklyn 
Institute of Arts and Sciences, summer 191 1; Acting President of Leba- 
non Valley College, summer 1912; Member American Association for 

the Advancement of Science, The Botanical Society of America, the 
Phytopathological Society of America, and the American Museum of 
Natural History. 

CHRISTIAN R. GINGRICH, A.B, LL.B, Professor of Political 
Science and Economics. 

A. B., Franklin and Marshall College, 191 1; Principal of High School, 
Alexandria, Pa., 1911-1912; Principal of High School, Linglestown, Pa., 
1912-1913; LL.B., University of Pennsylvania Law School, 1916; Mem- 
ber of Law Bar of Lebanon County and of Pennsylvania Supreme Court 
Bar; Professor of Political Science and Economics, Lebanon Valley 
College, 1916 — 


Millersville State Normal School, 1907; B.Pd., ibid, 1910; A. B., 
Lebanon Valley College, 1912; A. M., ibid, 1917; Columbia University, 
1914-1916; Professor of Education and Physics, Lebanon \^alley College, 
1915 — . Registrar, Lebanon \'alley College, 1920 — 

ELMER RHODES HOKE, B.D., Ph.D., Professor of Education and 

A. B., Franklin and Marshall College, 191.3; A. M., ibid., 1914; B. D., 
Theological Seminary of the Reformed Church, 1917; A. M., Johns 
Hopkins University, 1920; PhD., ibid., 1922. Four years in High School 
teaching; three years in the Ministry. Professor of Education and 
Psychology, Hood College, 1920- 1922; Professor of Education and Psy- 
chology, Lebanon \"alley College, 1922 — 


A. B., Lebanon Valley College, 1907; Drexel Institute Library School, 
1908; Assistant New York Public Library, 1908-1910; Cataloger, Univer- 
sity of Chicago Library, 1910-1911; Librarian, Public Library, Lancaster, 
Pa., 1912-1921; Member American Library Association; Lebanon Valley 
College Librarian, 1921 — 

IRVIN EUGENE RUNK, B.D., D.D College Pastor 

HIRAM H. SHENK, A.M Professor of History 

A. B., Ursinus College, 1899; A. 'SI., Lebanon X'alley College, 1900; 
Student, University of Wisconsin, summer term; Instructor in Political 
Science, Lebanon Valley College, 1899-1900; Professor of History and 
Political Science, 19001916; Custodian of Public Records, Pennsylvania 
State Library, 19 16 to date; Instructor in Y. M. C. A. Summer Schools, 
Blue Ridge, N. C, 1916-1920, Silver Bay, 1918, and Lake Geneva, 1921; 
Educational Secretary, Army Y. M. C. A., Camp Travis, 1917-1918; Pro- 
fessor of History, Lebanon X'alley College, 1920 — 

Professor of Elementary Education 
(To be elected.) 


JOHANN M. BLOSE, MUS.D., Director of the Conservatory of 
Music, and Pfofessor of Piano, Organ and Theoretic Music. 

Oberlin Conservatory, 1882-1885; violin pupil in Luigi van Kunits, 
Vienna, 1910-1911, and Ovide Musin, New York, summer, 1912; pupil 
of Dr. Geo. F. Root and Frank Gleason, Chicago, (composition and 
orchestration), 1889-1890; piano pupil of William F. Sherwood, Chicago, 
1889-1890; Dr. William Mason, New York, summer, 1905; Joseph Git- 
tings, Pittsburgh, summer, 1913; Mus.D., Waynesburg College, 1893 
(having completed the work in composition and orchestration required 
at Oxford, England, leading to the doctor's degree) ; director of the Con- 

servatory of Music, Waynesburg College, 1885-1888, 1890-1901; director 
of School of Music, Washington, (Pa.), 1901-1914; instructor in organ, 
theory, and composition, Washington Seminary, 1901-1904; organist- 
choirmaster, leading Pittsburgh churches, 1902-1912; director of Atlantic 
City School of Music, 1915-1920; organist-choirmaster, St. Nicholas' R. 
C. Church, Atlantic City, 1915-1920; conductor, Atlantic City Symphony 
Society, 1915-1920; director of Hood College Conservatory of Music, 
1920-22; director of Lebanon Valley Conservatory of Music, 1922 — • 

FRANCES W. BLOSE Pianoforte and Ear Training 

R. PORTER CAMPBELL, MUS.B., Pianoforte, Organ, Harmony 
and History of Music. 

Diploma in Pianoforte, Lebanon \'alley College Conservatory, 1915; 
Diploma in Organ and Bachelor of Music degree ibid 1916; Teacher of 
Pianoforte, History and Theory, 1915-1917; U. S. Service, 1917-1919; 
private teaching, 1919-1920; Pianoforte and Pedagogy under Aloys 
Kramer, and Arthur Freidheim, Summer Session, New York, 1921; 
Organist and Choirmaster of Seventh Street Lutheran Church, Lebanon, 
Pa.; teacher of Pianoforte, Organ, History and Harmony, Lebanon 
Valley Conservatory, 1920 — 


(On leave of absence 1922-23.) 

A. B., Lebanon Valley College, 1913; graduate of the New Kngland 
Conservatory of Music; Pupil of Hutchinson, New York, and Study at 
Columbia University, 1922-23. 

FRANK F. HARDMAN, Voice, Snght Singing and Public School Music 

Graduate Lebanon Valley College Conservatory of Music, 1908; 
Student of W. W. Gilchrist, Philadelphia, 1909-1910; Director of Music, 
Mercersburg Academy, 1915-1918; Studied at Cornell University, Summer 
Session, 1918; Director of Pennsylvania College of Music, Meadville, 
Pa., 1919-1922; Vocal Department Lebanon Valley Conservatory, 1922 — 

SIR EDWARD BAXTER PERRY, Chevalier de Melusine, Pianoforte, 
Musical Aesthetics and Concert Pianist. 

Piano — Junius W. Hill, Boston, 1871-1875; Dr. Theodore Kullak, 
Berlin, 1875-1878; Franz Liszt, Weimar, session of 1878; Dionys Bruck- 
ner, Stuttgart Cionversatorium, 1883-1884; Madame Clara Schumann, 
Frankfort, 1884-1885. 

Harmony and Composition — Junius W. Hill, Boston, 7871-1875; 
Carl August Haupt, Berlin, 1875-1878; Anton Seifritz, Stuttgart, 1883- 

Aesthetics, Acoustics, German History, Literature and Philoso- 
phy — University of Berlin, 1875-1878; the same at Polytechnic School 
Stuttgart, 1883-1884. 

Concert Pianist — In America 1878-1881; in Europe 1897-1898 
(receiving Knighthood with title of "Chevalier de Melusine" from Prince 
Guy de Lusignan, Grand Master of the Order of Melusine, in Paris) 
in United States and Canada, 1898-1917, — nearly thirty-four hundred 
Lecture Recitals, of which he is the originator. 

Teaching — ^Boston, 1878-1881; Oberlin Conservatory, 1881-1883 
Tremont School of Music, Boston, 1886-1889; visiting director, National 
Conservatory, Dallas, Texas, and various other similar institutions 
1905-1910; director of music, Woman's College, Montgomery, Alabama 
1918-1921; Hood College Conservatory, 1921-1922; Lebanon Valley College 
Conservatory of Music, 1922 — 

o n 

2 w 

J- H 
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THE third year of the Summer Courses of Lebanon Valley 
College will open on Alonday, June 18 and continue until 
Saturday, August 25, inclusive. The Summer Session will 
be divided into two Terms of five weeks each. Exercises in each 
subject will be held six days a week. This new and unique plan 
of arrangement of Terms has been afloDted believing that it 
will meet the needs of three classes of persons: those who desire 
to earn credit for six weeks' training in the early part of the Summer 
and to have a long vacation in the latter part of the Summer; those 
who prefer to have the vacation period first, and to engage in study 
during the latter half of the Summer; and those who desire to make 
more rapid advancement towards a degree, and will therefore attend 
the School through both Terms for this or other reasons. 

Inasmuch as the Summer Session is authorized and approved by 
the Trustees of the College, and directed by the Faculty, it is an in- 
tegral part of the work of the institution. All the resources of the 
institution are placed at the disposal of the students. All courses 
are open to men and women alike. All courses will be taught by 
regular members of the college Faculty, or, in a few cases, by other 
suitable persons selected to augment the Faculty for the Summer 

The sessions are held in the buildings of the College at Annville. 
The environment, the social life, the opportunities for healthful 
recreation, as well as for quiet and effective study make this an 
ideal location for a Summer School. 


The courses are planned primarily for the following groups of men 
and women: 

1. Those who wish to complete their college entrance require- 

2. Those who desire to shorten the period of college residence or 
to make up deficiencies. 

3. Teachers in service v^'ho wish, while teaching, to advance to- 
wards a college degree. 

4. Those who hold the Bachelor's degree and desire to work to- 
wards the Master's degree. 

5. Those wdio wish to meet the requirements for the various 
classes of teachers' certificates. 

6. Teachers whose certification is already satisfactory, but who 



desire to improve and to keep abreast of developments in their 

7. Persons who desire collegiate instruction for other reasons 
or purposes. 


Lebanon Valley College is fortunate in being unusually well 
equipped with buildings for its various needs, including attractive 
modern residence halls for men and for women. The Administration 
Building contains administrative offices, classrooms and laboratories, 
and is very well adapted to this purpose. Other splendid buildings are 
the College Church, Engle Conservatory of Music, and Carnegie 
Library. The library is well stocked with books and periodicals, 
and the laboratories are well equipped for their purpose. The gym- 
nasium, the campus with its tennis courts, and the athletic field 
complete the equipment for physical education and recreation. 


The college is located at Annville, on the William Penn Highway, 
21 miles from Harrisburg and five miles from Lebanon. It is on 
the main line of the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad between 
Reading and Harrisburg, and is also connected with both Harrisburg 
and Lebanon by trolley. Trolleys leaves for Annville: from Harris- 
burg, every hour, on the hour; from Lebanon at twenty-five minutes 
after the hour. P. & R. trains for Annville leave Harrisburg at 
4:35, 6:10 and 10:20 A. M., and at 1:00, 3:25 and 6:30 P. M. Trains 
leave Reading at 5:00, 7:05 and 10:15 A. M., and at 3:15, 6:05 and 
8:45 P. M. 


There are no formal examinations for admission to the summer 
school. Students, both men and women, will be admitted to such 
courses as the respective instructors find them qualified to pursue 
with advantage. 


In order that the work may proceed with dispatch upon the open- 
ing of the term, it is urged that arrangements for registration be 
made by mail. Applications for admission and registration will be 
received by the Registrar up to and including Saturday, June 16; 
address, Annville, Pa. 

Registration may be made in person at the Registrar's office in 
the Administration Building on June 15 and 16 from 9 A. M. to 4 
P. M., exclusive of the noon hour. No registrations will be made 
and no changes in courses permitted after June 19. 

Registration may be made for the Second Term on July 19, 20 
and 21. from 1 P. M. to 4 P. M. 


J .;-^'-i-sps«^.,w w ^^^\pii'^i,^^^'4m^^^i^^<9i>^'* 


Instructors will keep strict and accurate record of attendance and' 
students will be expected to be present at every class appointment. 
Absence from class exercises may be excused only in case of illness. 


Certificates will be issued to all students showing the courses at- 
tended, grades and number of semester hours' credit. Courses taken 
during the Summer Session are credited towards the college degrees 
on the same basis as courses taken during the regular college year. 
One hundred and twenty-four points, exclusive of Physical Educa- 
tion, are required for the bachelor's degrees, and twenty-eight for 
the master's degree. The requirement of one year's residence for I 
the master's degree may be met b}^ attendance upon both terms for 
three Summer Sessions. For complete information concerning the 
requirements for degrees the candidate should refer to the college 
catalog or address the Registrar. 

Credit towards college entrance will be granted for the satisfac- 
tory completion of courses such as are usually offered in secondary 
schools. The Summer Session will offer a sufficient variety of courses 
of this grade to meet the needs of those who desire such work. 

Inasmuch as Lebanon Valley College is an accredited institution, 
on the first list of colleges and universities, persons who complete 
the courses offered may safely assume that their credits will be hon- 
ored wherever they may be presented. Students are advised, how- 
ever, of the desirability of inquiring in advance whether courses 
which they propose to elect will be acceptable as satisfying the par- 
ticular requirements or purposes for which they are taken. 


A rej2:istration fee of $5 will be charged each student, whether 
registration is made for one or two terms. 

The fee for tuition is $25 per term, payment of which entitles the 
student to attend as many as three courses. 

The charge for board and room is $7 per week, $35 per term. 

The entire charge for registration, tuition, board and room for one 
term is therefore $65. two terms, $125. 

The fees for each term are payable at the time of registration, as 
a condition of admission to classes. 


Professor Beattv. together with four members to be elected from 
the student body, will constitute an i\ctivities Committee. It will 
be the purpose of this Committee to develop the social life of the 


school by planning a number of social activities, entertainments, 
lectures, excursions, hikes, or such other forms of recreation as may 
be found desirable. 


The library will be open and in charge of a trained librarian for 
a suitable number of hours daily. The hours will be announced at 
the opening of the session. 


In connection with the Summer Session a demonstration school, 
which will afford opportunity for observation, demonstrations, ex- 
Derimentation. and practice teaching, in the various grades, ele- 
mentary and secondary, is being planned. 


Each room in the Men's Dormitorv is furnished with a cot, 
mattress, one chair and student table for each occupant. Students 
must furnish their own bedding, carpets, towels, napkins, soap and 
all other necessary furnishings. 

Each room in the Women's Dormitory is furnished with bed, 
mattress, chair, dresser and student table. All other desired fur- 
nishings must be supplied by the student. 

One 40-watt light is furnished for each occupant of a room. Any 
additional lights must be paid for by the student. 

The more desirable rooms will be reserved in the order of appli- 
cation. No fee is required. Address the Registrar promptly in order 
that the most attractive room available may be reserved for you. 


Mount Gretna is a paradise for the Naturalist or Biologist. The 
opportunities for study of inland forms of life are unlimited. An 
abundant variety of plant and animal associations and varied eco- 
logical conditions are accessible. The topography consists of moun- 
tains with a wide range of forest trees and shrubs, deep ravines, with 
cold mountain streams, carrying the pure spring water through 
densely vegetated swamps out into richly cultivated meadowlands. 
Old fields, once under cultivation and now reserved for military 
purposes, supply unusual types of uncultivated forms of life. The 
lake and ponds are rich in aquatic forms, some of which are very 
rare. The flora is rich in fungae, mosses, ferns and flowering plants. 
Over thirty species of ferns are found in the vicinity. Over one 
hundred species of flowering plants have been identified by classes 
in a single day's tramp. An herbarium of several hundred species 
may be collected in a season. 


Birds and insects are abundant both in species and numbers and 
in the summer season offer excellent opportunities for the study of 
breeding habits and life histories. 

All necessary equipment from the biological laboratories of the 
college will be transferred to Mt. Gretna, where the head of the 
department of Biology will be in residence, and where he will or- 
ganize a Biological Station under conditions which will afford most 
extraordinary opportunities for the pursuit of this branch of science. 

Inasmuch as Mt. Gretna is but a few miles distant from the college, 
it will be possible for students who so desire to take courses at the 
college in the forenoon hours and at the Biological Station in the 
afternoon. The Summer Session plans to arrange for automobile 
transportation so as to make this possible. 


Our Appointment Bureau co-operates with the Placement Service 
— Teacher Bureau — of the Department of Public Instruction, Har- 
risburg. Pennsylvania, thus offering additional facilities for the place- 
ment of our graduates and alumni. 

The Teacher Placement Service has been established by the De- 
partment of Public Instruction and its purpose is to assist school 
officials secure competentlv trained teachers and to aid teachers 
secure suitable positions in fields of service for which their training 
best fits them. 

No enrollment fee is required and no charge is made for any ser- 
vice rendered by the Bureau. Blank forms for enrollment and a 
circular containing full particulars with regard to the work of the 
Bureau may be obtained by addressing Placement Service, Teacher 
Bureau, Department of Public Instruction, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. 



The following extracts are taken from the certification require- 
ments as published by the State Council of Education. "All persons 
holding- Standard, Normal or College certificates shall be considered 
to have the standard qualifications." 

1. Elementary 

This certificate is issued bv the Superintendent of Public Instruc- 
tion upon the request of the local county or district superintendent 
under whose authority the applicant is to teach, and entitles the 
holder to teach in the designated county or district for a period of one 
year the subjects prescribed for the elementary school curriculum. 

Applicants for this form of certificate must have had four years 
of high school education, or the equivalent, and eight semester hours 
of professional training. 

The first renewal of this certificate is dependent upon a rating of 
"low" or better plus six semester hours of further professional train- 
ing. Subsequent renewals require a rating of "middle" or better and 
six additional semester hours of professional training. 

The Partial Elementary Certificate wU\ be converted into the 
Standard Certificate when the holder has the qualifications required 
for the Standard Certificate. 

The minimum salary guarantee for the Partial Elementary certifi- 
cate is eighty-five dollars a month. 

2. Secondary 

(This certificate differs from the above in that it requires in addi- 
tion tw'O years of collegiate education.) 

1. Temporary 

This certificate is issued by the Superintendent of Public Instruc- 
tion and entitles the holder to teach for a period of two j^ears the 
subjects prescribed for the curriculum of the elementary school or 
such subjects as maA^ be specificallv written upon its face in either 
the elementary or secondary field of education as may be prescribed. 

Applicants for this form of certificate must have had a four year 
high school or equivalent education and two years (seventy semester 
hours) or the equivalent of professional training for teaching. Ob- 


Servation, participation and practice teaching of not less than six 
semester hours or its equivalent must form a part of this requirement. 
The first renewal of this certificate is dependent upon a rating of 
"low" or better. Subsequent renewals require a rating of "middle" 
or better. 

2. Permanent 

This certificate is issued to the holder of a Standard Temporary 
Certificate or its equivalent at the end of its first period or any sub- 
sequent renewal period on a rating of "middle" or better and evi- 
dence of four years of successful teaching experience. 

In art education, commercial education, health education, home 
economics or music, not less than three years of approved training 
beyond high school grade in the specified field shall be required for 
a Standard Permanent Certificate. 

L Provisional 

This certificate entitles the holder to teach for three years the 
subjects prescribed for a public high school of the third class or to 
teach in any public high school of the Commonwealth the subjects 
indicated on its face. 

The applicant for this certificate must be a graduate of an approved 
college or universitv and must have successfully completed at least 
eighteen semester hours of work of college grade in education dis- 
tributed as follows: 

Introduction to Teaching 3 semester hours 

Educational Psychology 3 semester hours 

Electives in Education selected from the fol- 
lowing list 6 semester hours 

Secondary Education 

Elementary Education 

School Efficiency 

Special Methods 

School Hygiene 

Educational Administration 

Educational Measurements 

Educational Sociology 

Educational Systems 

History of Education 

Principles of Education 

Educational Psychology 

Technique of Teaching 
Practice teaching in the appropriate field . .6 semester hours 


Three years of successful teaching experience in the field in which 
certification is sought, together with a teaching rating of "middle" 
or better, may be accepted as the equivalent of th^ practice teaching 

The holder of this certificate will be certified to teach each subject 
in which not less than twelve semester hours have been completed. 

The scope of this certificate will be extended to cover a field of 
learning when the distribution of the applicant's credentials so war- 

This certificate may be renewed once on a rating of '"low" or better 
plus six additional semester hours of work of college grade,, one-half 
of which must be professional. 

2. Permanent 

The issue of this certificate is dependent upon the possession of 
the qualifications required for the Provisional College Certificate 
and in addition thereto three years of successful teaching experience 
in the appropriate field and the satisfactory completion of six semes- 
ter hours of additional work of at least collegiate grade, one-half of 
which should be professional and the remainder related to the sub- 
jects or subject fields in which the candidate is certified to teach, 
together with a teaching rating of "middle" or better. 

This certificate entitles the holder to teach for life the subjects 
prescribed for a public high school of the third class, or to teach in 
any public school of the Commonwealth the subjects indicated on its 

Additional Branches. — In order to add a subject or subject field to 
a certificate, credentials showing the satisfactory completion of 
twelve semester hours of approved training must be presented. 



The Summer School Committee reserves the right to withdraw 
courses whenever the number of apphcants does not justify the or- 
ganization of a class. 

While High School courses are not listed below, such courses as 
are commonly offered and accepted for college entrance will be 
given if there is sufficient demand to justify tlie formation of classes. 


Si 12. Methods of Teaching Biology in Secondary Schools. — One 

hour per day. This course includes lectures dealing with the prob- 
lems of High School Biology, Botany and Zoology courses, content, 
types of courses and methods of collecting and preserving materials 
for class demonstrations and laboratory work. Two semester hours. 


Three courses are offered for those interested in Nature Study, 
whether from the standpoint of a general interest or for those en- 
gaged in teaching Nature Study in the grades or Botany and Zoology 
in the High School. The work has been so^ arranged that a student 
may pursue one or two or three courses as desired. If the three 
courses are pursued it will require all of the time of the student and 
will earn six semester hours of credit per term. Students desiring 
to devote all of their time to this work are advised to reside at Mt. 
Gretna or within convenient commuting distance. 

S82. Bird Study. — One hour per dav. Lectures and demonstra- 
tions on the structure, classification and distribution of birds, accom- 
panied bv observations of habits, behavior and songs of about 
seventy species of birds found in the vicinity of Mt. Gretna and 
Annville. Illustrated lectures on birds of other regions. Two semes- 
ter hours. 

S94. Botany. — Two hours per day. This course will develop a 
knowledge of living plants in their natural habitat and will include 
lectures on structure, adaptations, plant societies, ecological con- 
ditions, and classification. Most of the work will be done in the 
field. Types of Slime Moulds, Algae, Fungae, Liverworts, Mosses, 
Ferns and Flowering plants will be studied. Four semester hours. 

S72. Animal Behavior. — One hour per day. This course consists 
of observations of the habits of several common insects and other 
animals easily accessible for school work both in their natural habitat 


and in captivity. Methods of capturing and maintaining them in 
captivity for observation will be taught. The project method will 
be used and opportunities will be afforded for considerable work 
beyond that done at the scheduled time. Two semester hours. 


S18. General Chemistry. — An introduction to the study of chem.- 
istry, including a study of the elements, their classification and 
properties, and a study of the important compounds of each element. 
During the course constant reference is made to manufacturing and 
industrial processes, and interpretation of the phenomenal material 
development of the present century is made in the light of the rapid 
increase in chemical knowledge. The laboratory work of the course 
includes about 100 carefully selected experiments. One hour lecture 
or recitation daily and twelve hours of laboratory work weekly. 
Text, Holmes' General Chemistry. Laboratory Fee $16.00. 

S28. Ors:anic Chemistry. — A study of the sources, classification and 
type reactions of organic materials, of foodstuffs and their relation 
to nutrition, dyes, pharmaceuticals, explosives, petroleum products, 
coal tar intermediates, manufacturing processes and recent develop- 
ments in this field of chemistry. The course will include a carefully 
selected series of demonstrations, the display of a large number of 
representative materials and the use of a large number of charts 
prepared especially for the course. A knowledge of the elements of 
chemistry will be assumed. The laboratory work of the course 
consists of about sixty experiments covering the preparation and 
study of a wnde range of representative compounds. One hour of 
lecture and recitation and three hours of laboratory work daily. 
Laboratory Fee $24.00. 

S14. Household Chemistry. — A beginner's course, emphasizing 
the practical every day side of chemistry and including a study of 
the chemistry of foods and their preparation and preservation, with 
simole tests for adnlterants and preservatives, bacteria and disin- 
fectants, soaps and their manufacture, medicinals, sanitation, water 
supply, fuels, textiles and the elements of dyes and dyeing. One 
hour lecture daily. 

S28. Qualitative Analysis. — A stud}^ of the systematic methods 
of separating and detecting all of the ordinary metal and acid radicles. 
The laboratory work includes the analysis of about thirty solutions 
and solids varying in complexity from sim^ple salts to complex 
insoluble artificial mixtures. One hour of lecture or recitation and 
three hours of laboratory work daily. Laboratory Fee $16.00. 



S182. The Proiect Method of Teaching.— This course deals with 
the origin of the project method, its meaning and importance, dan- 
gers and difficuUies and how they may he overcome. Each member 
of the class will be expected to make an independent study of 
project teaching as applied to some one special subject in which he 
or she is particularly interested, and to present to the group an out- 
line of plans by which all or some part of the course of study in that 
subject might be taught by one or more projects. First term. Two 
points. Professor Hoke. 

S192. Philosophy of Education. — This course aims to orient teach- 
ers and to supply a basis for constructive thinking in the field of 
education. It will include a discussion of the aims and methods 
of public education from the modern point of view. Various theories 
in education will be considered. The class will study the changes 
that have been brought about in educational conceptions as they 
have been influenced by modern industrial, social, and scientific de- 
velopments. First term. Two points. Professor Butterwick. 

S202. The Junior High School. — After a consideration of the 
history of education in America and of the demands for a reorgani- 
zation of the school system. dilTerent features of organization and 
administration are discussed. Such subiects as preparation of teach- 
ers, curricula, courses of study and schedule making are considered 
and careful attention is given to the problems of adolescence, voca- 
tional guidance and industrial training. Second term. Two points. 
Professor Hoke. 

S12. History of Education — One hour per day. This course is 
an analysis of the history of education from the days of primitive 
man to the present day, with special emphasis upon the work of 
Rousseau, Pestalozzi, Hebart and Froebel, as the forerunners of 
modern educational theories and practices. Two semester hours. 
First term. Professor Butterwick. 

S212. Principles of Education,— A consideration of the principles 
which underlie a scientific theory of education. The course involves 
the discussion of such topics as the definitions and aims of education; 
various conceptions of educational values; the doctrine of formal 
discipline; the relation of liberal to vocational education; the basic 
principles of the curriculum, and of method; the relation of the edu- 
cation process to democracv. Second term. Two points. Professor 

S222. History of Education in the United States. — Study of edu- 
cation in colonial times; early attempts at organizing systems of 
education; the history of the elementar}' school; the Latin Grammar 


school; the academy movement; the history and growth of high 
schools; colleg-es and uniyersities; the present public school. Second 
term. Two points. Professor Butterwick. 

S232. School Management and Law. — This course considers the 
organization and management of high school courses of study, 
schedules, discipline, supervision of study, educational and vocational 
guidance, problems of social and athletic and literary activities, 
school-community activities, student self-government and other so- 
cializing processes; the legal status of schools, their support and 
control by state, county and local authorities. First term. Two 

S242. School Supervision and Administration. — An introductory, 
comprehensive course designed for students who desire to study 
the principles underlying educational organization, administration, 
and supervision. Lectures, reading, reports, and discussions. The 
course is planned for those who are now engaged in supervision 
or administration, or who look forward to careers in this profession. 
Second term. Two points, 

S252. Methods of Teaching in the High Schools. — A study of 
the high school teaching problems; the general principles of in- 
struction; the principal types of teaching; the kinds of learning in- 
volved in the various secondary subjects and the corresponding 
methods of instruction. The discussion of reports from observations 
and practice teaching. First term. Two points. 

S32. Principles of Secondary Education. — The high school pupils, 
their physical and mental traits, individual differences, and the make- 
up of the high school population; the secondary school as an institu- 
tion, its history, its relation to elementary education, and to higher 
education; social principles determining secondary education; aims 
and functions of secondary education; the curriculum; the place, 
function, and value of the several subjects of the curriculum; or- 
ganization and management of the high school. Second term. Two 

S262. Psychology. — Introductory course, intended to give the 
student a general knowledge of the phenomena of the mind; to lay 
the foundation for further psychological work; and to provide a 
psychological basis for the study of education, sociology and phil- 
osophy. First term. Two semester hours. Professor Hoke. 

S272. Experimental Psychology. — A brief, introductory course in 
Experimental Psvchology. A knowledge of the elements of General 
Psychology will be assumed. In connection with the course the 
class will make a hasty review of Psychology so far as may be neces- 
sary as a basis for the work. The course will be limited to experi- 


ments in the field of Sensation alone. Second term. Two points 
Professor Hoke. 

S32. Educational Psychology. — Emphasis on the topics of gen- 
eral psychology which form the basis for educational application. A 
study of the mental characteristics of children of various ages; indi- 
vidual differences, their measurements, causes and significance; 
school tests and scales; the laws of learning, and of behavior. First 
term. Two semester hours. Professor Butterwick. 

S72. Child Psychology. — One hour per dav. A course on the 
nature and development of intellect and character during childhood 
and adolescence. Two semester hours' credit. Second term. Pro- 
fessor Butterwick. 

S282. Educational Measurements. — This course will familiarize 
students with the theorv of measurement iu h>lucation and with 
the statistical methods employed both in the construction and in the 
use of tests. More especial attention, however, will be given to 
the various tests for both the elementary and the secondary field. 
Each member of the class will be expected to administer and re- 
port upon at least one representative test. The course will attempt 
to make clear not only how to administer tests properly, but also 
how to make use of the results for the improvement of school work. 
First term. Two semester hours. Professor Hoke. 

S292. Mental Measurement. — This course in the measurement of 
intelligence will familiarize students with the historv of the move- 
ment as well as with present developments in this field. A careful 
studv will be made of the uses and methods of using the various 
intelligence test results. Members of the class will be taught how 
to administer the Stanford Revision and Extension of the Binet- 
Simon Scale, as well as the various group tests in most common use. 
Second term. Two semester hours. Professor Hoke. 

S92. Introduction to Teaching. — One hour per day. A studv of 
the Drincinles underlving the process of learning, together with meth- 
ods of directing and assisting others in the learning process. This 
course is designed to assist teachers who are beginning the work of 
elementary instruction and who have not had the advantage of 
scientific training. The approved methods, of general application in 
this field, will be studied and discussed. High School graduates 
who are beginning the work of teaching and teachers who feel the 
need of methods in their grade work will find this course adapted to 
their needs. First term. Two semester hours. 

S302. Teaching the Elementary School Subjects. — This course in 
method and content of the subjects of the intermediate and grammar 
grades offers a critical survey of existing conditions with reference to 


the social demands made upon the school. Lectures, readings, and 
discussions. Second term. Two semester hours. 

S312. School Efficiency. — The course includes a study of class- 
room routine, the organization of the daily study and recitation pro- 
gram, hygienic standards for and care of classrooms, the making 
and keeping of records, the methods of lesson assignment, the 
tyoes of classroom exercises, efficient methods of study, tvpes of 
questioning, and the problems of discipline. A certain amount of 
observation in the practice rooms will be required. First term. Two 
semester hours. 

S102. Physiology and School Hygiene. — One hour per day. This 
course offers a general survey of the principles of sanitary science 
and disease prevention, the spread and control of infectious diseases, 
problems of rural hygiene, personal hygiene and the social and eco- 
nomic aspects of health problems. The work of the State and Local 
Boards of Health will be studied. Second term. Two semester 

S322. The Teaching of Reading. — The aim of this course is to 
train the students in proper method of teaching reading in the in- 
termediate and grammar grades, with emphasis upon the viewpoint 
of the experimental school. The student will be made familiar with 
the diagnosis of difficulties and the application of remedial measures. 
First term. Two semester hours. 

S332. Methods of Teaching Arithmetic. — A consideration of the 
best ways and means of meeting the various problems as they arise 
from grade to grade. In addition to the discussion of the work of 
each grade, such topics as the following will be discussed: efficiency 
in arithmetic; the place and accuracy of checks; habit-formation; 
the use of games; motivation: rationalization; problems of local 
color; methods of teaching: lesson plans; measuring results. A 
careful study will be made of the new psychology and methods in 
this field. Second term. Two semester hours. 

S342. Practice Teaching. — The Summer Session will afford oppor- 
timity for observation and practice teaching. To this end a practice 
school is being arranged for, which will include both elementary 
and high school grades. The work will be so organized as to make 
possible the earning of six semester hours' credit. 


S13. Dramatic Interpretation. — One hour per day. Members of 
this course in the vocal interpretation of literature will read one of 
Shakespeare's plays, several one-act plays and other types of litera- 
ture. The course will furnish an opportunity for public performance, 


will assist members in the designing and 'executing of settings, cos- 
tumes and accessories for school dramatics and pageantry. At least 
one public performance will be given each term. One semester 

S42. The Romantic Movement. — One hour per day. This course 
covers the works of Thomson. Grey, Burns. Wordsworth. Coleridge, 
Byron, Shelley, Keats, Lamb, Hazlitt, DeQuincy, and other writers 
of the early nineteenth centur3^ Attention is called to the conti- 
nental literatur(> of the same period. Two semester hours. 

S15. Modern Drama. — One hour per dav. This is a course stress- 
ing the theories of play-construction and dramatic criticism. The 
types of dramatic literature; the aims, the techni(|ue, the problems, 
as represented by I])sen, Hauptman. Alaeterlinck, Hervieu. Rostand. 
D'Annunzio, Tchekhoy, Phillips, Pinero. (ialsworthy. Shaw, Synge 
and Yeates. Two semester hours. 

S132. Methods of Teaching English. — One hour per day. This 
course consists of lectures and discussions in the interpretation and 
presentation of literature. The subject of technique in the stud}^ of 
literature and the direction of library and general reading will re- 
ceive special consideration. Teachers in the grammar grades and 
High School will find this course of particular value. Two semester 


S14. First year French. — This course includes a drill in French 
pronunciation and grammar, with exercises in dictation and com- 
position. Several easy texts will be read. Both terms. Four semes- 
ter hours. 

S24. Second year French. — Grammar, composition, dictation, and 
the reading and interpretation of texts of intermediate difficulty. 
Both terms. Four semester hours. 

S34. French Literature of the 17th Century. — Study of the classi 
drama. Reading and reports on the works of Corneille, Moliere 
Racine, and other representative writers. Both terms. Four semes- 
ter hours. 


S12. Pennsylvania in the Federal Union. — This course covers the 
period from the adoption of the Constitution of the United States 
to the Civil War. The place of Pennsylvania in national affairs will 
be considered. The political and economic phases of our history will 
receive consideration. The course is especially adapted to the needs 
of those who teach in Pennsylvania and is designed to give a more 
intensive local view and at the same time a broader national outlook. 



Two semester hours' credit. This course will be. offered in the 
evening: during the first term. 

S42. A Survey of American History to 1789. — One hour per day. 
This course offers a survey of the European background of American 
History and the establishment in America of European Institutions, 
with special emphasis upon the English settlements. Lectures, dis- 
cussions and readings. Schuyler and Fox's "Syllabus of American 
History" will be used. Two semester hours. Second term. 

S52. Modern European Problems. — One hour per day. This 
course is planned to show the relation of the United States to Euro- 
pean problems. The chief tooics discussed are the Congress of 
Vienna, the reshaping of the map of Europe, the Industrial Revolu- 
tion, the growth of Italian and German unity, the rise of Russia, 
the late war. and current and international problems resulting there- 
from. Lectures, readings, reports and discussions. Two semester 
hours. Second term. 

S62. Methods of Teaching: History in the Secondary Schools. — 
One hour per day. In the first part of the course the principles 
underlying the study of History and Civics will be discussed; the 
place of History in the field of civic education; the use of illustrative 
materials in "making the oast real" and generally approved methods 
of presentation of the subject will receive due consideration. The 
teacher's experience will be drawn upon extensively and the subject 
of measurements in the teacTiing of History will be emphasized. Two 
semester hours. Second term. 


S32. Survey of Latin Literature. — This course offers a rapid 
survey of all the best in Latin Literature. No reading in Latin will 
be required but a knowledge of Latin is desirable. The course will 
be conducted mainly by lectures, but a small text-book will be as- 
signed for study, and readings in translation of some of the master- 
pieces of Latin literature will be assigned from time to time. First 
term. Two semester hours. 

S42. Roman Private Life. — This course will be conducted by lec- 
tures and reports on such phases of Roman civilization as the family, 
education, dress, marriage customs, amusements, etc. It will be 
found to provide a rich background from which to draw illustrations 
and comment upon the authors read in high school. Second term. 
Two semester hours. 

S54. Teachers' Review Course. — This course will provide an op- 
portunity for a thorough review of the rules of Latin grammar and 
syntax. The texts of the Latin authors usually read in high schools 
will be used as a basis for discussion of the rules of syntax, and 


suggestions in interpretation will also be offered. Methods of teach- 
ing Latin will be discussed, and the new movement rising out of the 
work of the Classical League will be fully reviewed. Both terms. 
Four semester hours. 

Reading courses in the authors usually prescribed for entrance or 
college credits will also be arranged if there is sufficient demand to 
make up classes. 


S12. Library Technique.— This course is planned with the idea 
of helping teachers who mav have charge of school libraries, to 
organize and administer them. Many schools cannot afford trained 
librarians. In such cases this course should prove of much value 
to the teacher in charge. The course will also prove helpful to any 
others who may wnsh an introduction to library science. This course 
includes the arrangement and administration of libraries, book pur- 
chasing and other problems particularly related to school libraries. 
Two or four semester hours. Miss Mevers. 


Courses will be given in the following subjects provided there are 
sufficient candidates. 
S12. College Algebra. 
S22. Plane Trigonometry. 
S32. Analytic Geometry. 
S42. Elementary Differential Calculus. 


S12. Elementary Physics. — This course will be a rapid survey of 
the entire physical science, emphasizing at all points the physical 
principles that ought to be thoroughly understood by the student in 
the secondary school. The principal motive in offering this course 
is the improvement of the teaching of Physics in the High School. 

S52. Radio Telephony and Telegraphy. — This course is primarily 
intended to supplement the popular interest in radio with scientific 
and technical information concerning radio transmission and recep- 
tion. It will be offered only on condition that there are enough can- 
didates to make it mutually profitable. Candidates interested in this 
course are urged to communicate with the Registrar at an early date. 


S14. Beginners' Spanish. — The elements of grammar; practice in 
composition and conversation, and the reading of a book of simple 
stories. Both terms. Four semester hours. 



S12. Economic Theory. — One hoiir per day. A course in eco- 
nomic theory coyering the work of one semester. Two semester 
hours. First term. 

S22. Economic Problems. — One hour per day. A study of prac- 
tical economic problems, continuing the work of Economics 12 and 
completing the work of the first year of economics. Two semester 
hours. Second term. 


S12. Problems in American Democracy. — One hour per day. This 
course is designed especially to meet the needs of public school 
teachers. The aim is to acquaint them, by a short and interesting 
survey, with the field work of the social sciences, and to qualify 
them for more efficient leadership in the social work of the com- 
munity. The work consists of the examination and discussion of 
current social, political and economic problems, their causes and 
effects and proposed solutions. Two semester hours. Offered during 
the first term. 

S22. Problems in American Democracy. — One hour per day. The 
work of the second term will be a continuation of that of the first. 
Forum discussions and reports on assigned readings will be the 
plan. Two semester hours. 


S12. Educational Sociology. — One hour per day. The course is 
designed primarily for teachers or for persons in the later stages of 
preparation for teaching. As professional moulders of public opinion, 
the members of this class are expected to participate in the discus- 
sion of sociological questions, particularly those with educational 
applications. Two scniester hours. First term. 

S22. Rural Sociology. — One hour per day. Rural problems are 
studied and discussed with the aim of providing a foundation for 
the better development of rural economic, social and civic units. 
Two semester hours. Second term. 


Dr. Tohann M. Blose. Director 

The Conservatory offers courses of study adapted to the special 
needs of students in various branches and .arrades of advancement, 
leading to Certificates, Diplomas and Degrees. 


of five weeks, beginning June 18 and ending July 21, 1923, for the 
following courses: 

Public School Music. — This course is designed to meet the varied 
requirements of teachers in all grades. It embraces a thorough and 
practical study of Elements and Terminology of Music, Ear Train- 
ing, Sight Singing and Melodic Dictation; Elements of Harmony and 
Composition, Melodic and Harmonic Thinking, and Methods of 
Teaching. The obiect is to afTord students and teachers an op- 
portunity of acquiring a superior knowledge of the fundamentals of 
music and the science of musical pedagogy. Those desiring to enter 
this course should have some preparatory work in the study of 
Tonality, Scales and in Singing, though no advanced degree of pro- 
ficiency is prerequisite. 

This course is in full harmony with the standards set forth by 
the Department of Public Instruction of the State of Pennsylvania. 

Piano Music. — This Course consists of clear and definite instruction 
in the Mental and Manual Elements of Technic, the Art of Phrasing, 
Interpretation and Concert Playing. 

Piano Teachers who desire special work in the Art of Teaching 
will be accommodated by an excellent course of lessons in Practical 
Piano Pedagogy under the Director. 

All work in E. V. Conservatory is carefully and wisely adapted to 
the temperamental and personal needs of the individual student, 
insuring rapid and substantial progress consistent with the student's 
natural endowment, — talent, enthusiasm and industry. 


(Leopold Godowsky, Chief Editor) 

Dr. Blose is a ciualified member of the Musical Art Society, and 
is duly authorized to teach the Series. Persons desiring this course 
of lessons may pursue the same at L. V. Conservatory, receive in- 
struction endorsed by Mr. Godowsky, and upon completion of the 
course will receive the Graduate Certificate from the Art Society. 


Violin Music. — A course of training in Left Hand Technic, the 
Art of Bowing, Solo and Ensemble Playing in line with the most 
recent developments in the nse of the small king of instruments 
will be given to those who are sufficiently advanced to receive 
benefits from the work. There is a possibility that arrangements 
will be made for a limited number of primary students, — this will 
depend upon the number of persons desiring lessons. 

Organ Music. — Organists who are progressive and desire ad- 
vantages of a summer school will find here a splendid opportunity for 
advancement in the use of the Pedals, a knowledge of Stop-values, 
Phrasing, Choir accompaniment, Registration, Church and Concert 
Solo playing, Improvisation, etc. 

Vocal Music. — In this course the method embodies Freedom and 
Relaxation, Breathing and Breath control. Resonance and Rein- 
forcement, Tone color and Tone character. To this end vocal de- 
velopment and culture are necessarilv progressive. According to 
traditions of the old Italian masters, who trained many famous sing- 
ers, a few simple exercises, each embodying a definite principle, full 
of meaning and productive of good results are judiciously and wisely 
applied, and mind, the master engineer becomes director of the en- 
tire vocal apparatus, making it readily responsive to the require- 
ments of artistic sinerins:. 

Choral Music. — No branch of musical culture lends so graciously 
to musicianship as does the study and practice of standard choral 
works. The efficiency of this work depends largely upon the num- 
ber of persons constituting a chorus, and their ability to read and 
perform intelligently under the direction of a competent leader. It 
is the purpose to give the students of this department all the ad- 
vantages connected with possible choral study during the summer 
session. The Lebanon Valley Choral Society, active during the 
collegiate year, is one of the best of the kind in the state, and is 
proving to be one of the best educational factors of the institution. 


make reservations as early as is possible. Persons desiring work in 
the Conservatory are requested to report to the Director, if possible 
before May 15, and not later than Tune 1. 



Public School Course, daily routine in harmony with the Penn- 
sylvania standards $1 

Pianoforte (under the Director) two lessons per week 2 

Three lessons per week 3 

Pianoforte (under associate teacher) two lessons per week.. 2 

Three lessons per week 2 

Violin (special course) two lessons per week 2 

Three lessons per week 3 

Organ (same as Pianoforte) $25.00 and $35.00 or $20.00 and 2 

Singing, two lessons per week 1 

Three lessons per week 2 

Choral Music, three hour recitations per week free to all music 

academic students of the Summer School. 
Single lessons, in the various branches, $1.50 to $3.00. 

Organ, three manual, one hour a day per five-week session.. $ 

Two manual organ ditto 

Piano, for each hour a day per five-week session 

All Conservatory charges are payable strictly in advance of 

Information Blank 

If you are interested in, or expect to attend the Summer Session 
of Lebanon V'^allev College, the Registrar of the Summer Session will 
esteem it a favor if you will fill out and return to him, as early as 
possible, the form below. In so doing you will not obligate yourself 
in any wav, but will greatly help the School in making proper 
arrangements for its work. 

Samuel O. Grimm, Registrar, 
Lebanon Valley College, 
Annville, Pa. 

Dear Sir: 

(I am interested in) (I expect to attend) the Summer Session 
of Lebanon Valley College. Please give me the following informa- 

My purpose in attending the Summer Session is; 

I desire to study the following subjects: 

Please (reserve) (do not reserve) a place for me in the College dormi- 
tories, — the most desirable room available at the time my reserva- 
tion is received. 

I am giving, on the back of this blank, a statement of my training 
and exDerience. 


I have the following credits: 
Name of School Name of Course 

No. of Sem. Hrs. 

My experience is as follows: 
Place Grade 


Yours very truly, 

Mot-«£» in -full