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Vol. 11 (NEW SERIES) FEBRUARY 15, 1924 

No. 1 1 

ADM [MS ri< \ 1 !()\ m 11 l)li\C, 


19 24 




Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2011 with funding from 

LYRASIS IVIembers and Sloan Foundation 

C A L E x\' U A R 












































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Summer School Calendar 

July 5 — Registration of Students 
July 7 — Summer Session Begins 
August 15 — wSummer Session Ends 

Committee on Summer Session 

GEORC.E 1)AM1:L COSSARD, Cluiirninn 

J. A. lA'lER, D.D. SAMUEI. D. (xRiMM, Rri-tstn,^ 


Officers of Administration and 

(;i-:ORGi: J )AXib:L COSSARD, B.D., D.D Presidcm 

SAAIUKL (). GRIMM. A.-\f Registrar 

ALBI':R'r JJARNHART Treasurer of lite Sinniiier Sehool 

SAMUEL 11. DERICKSON, M.S Professor of Biologieal Science 

J!. S.. Lebanon \'alley College, 1902: graduate student, Johns Hop- 
kins University, 1902-1903; ^.l. S., Lebanon X'alley College, 1903; Pro- 
fessor of Biological Science, Lebanon X'alley College, 1903; Land Zoolo- 
gist, Bahama Expedition, Baltimore Geographical Society, summer 1904; 
Director, collection of Eocene and Miocene Fossils for \'assar College, 
summer 1908; Student, Marine Biology, Bermuda, summer 1909; Student 
Tropical Botanical Gardens, Jamaica, summer 1910; Student Brooklyn 
Institute of Arts and Sciences, summer 1911; Acting President of Leba- 
non N'alley College, summer 1912; Member American Association for 
tlie Advancement of Science, The Botanical Society of America, the 
j'hytopathological Society of America, and the Anu-rican Museum of 
Natural History. 

SAMUEL OLIV]^i^^ GRIMM, R.Pd., A.M P,liiea.:io,i 

Millersville State Normal School, 1907; \'.\'d.. ibid.. 1910; A. B., 
Lebanon \'alley College, 1912; A. .M.. ibi.l.. 1917; Columbia Cniversitv. 
1914-1916; I'rofessor of Ivlucalion and l'bv,-,ics. I.rbannn \;iHrv C.dlr^i-, 
1915. Registrar, Lclfanoii \-alK-v ClU-gf. I'^ju 

( IlklS'llAX k. GL\(ikl('II. A.r.., I.L.I;., frnfessor of I'nliheal 
Seit'ne(' and /u'Jtnniiies 

A. r.., I'laMklin and .\lar>hall Collc'.^c, I'M I; l'rinci,.al of High Scbn,,l, 
Alexandria, I'a., 1911 1912: Principal of lliuli School. Linglestown, Pa., 
1912-1913; ]J..i!., I'uiversily nf I'ennsyK .inia Law School, 1916; .Mem- 
iit-r of Law of i.cliaiuin Cunitv ;iiid of Pennsylvania Supreme Court 
IJar; Professor of p.dilical ScicuL-c and J';cv)iioinics, Lebanon \':dlev 
College, 1916— 

MRS. MARY C. GREEN. Professor -of Prench and Dean of WonKU 

Student. New York Conservatory' of [Music, 1896-97; Private Teacher 
of Piano, 1897-1900; Travel and Study: Berlin, 1900-01; Paris, 1901- 
1909; Florence, 1909-10; Johannesburg, 1910-11; Paris, 1911-14; Listruc- 
tor in French, Lebanon \'alley College, 1916-20; summer 1923. Ecole des 
N'acances. Paris; Professor of ]""rench and l);-an of Women, Lebanijn 
\alley College, 1920— 

'lll()\L\S llAN'AkI) JIEAT'IA'. A.M Professor of P.ngltsh 

A. B., Lebanon \alley College, 1905; A. M., Columbia University. 
1920; Instructor in Massanutten Academy, 1906; Teacher of English. 
Central High School, Pittsburgh, 1907-1914; Student Curry School of 
IC.xpression, summers 1908, 1909; student Columbia L'niversitv, summers 
1911, 1917, 1918 and 1919; Principal of Schools, Red Lion, Pa.,' 1914-1916; 
Professor, Design School C. L T., 1916-1919; study and travel in Eng- 
land, summer 1922; Professor of English, Lebanon X'alley College, 1919 — 

AXDREW BENDER, Ph.D Professor of Chemistry 

\. P.., Lebanon \'alley College, 1906; Ph.D., Columbia University. 
1914; Professor of Chemistry and Physics. Lebanon X'alley College. 1907- 
1909; Instructor in Analytical Chemistry. Colu.mbia University, 1912-1914; 
In Industrial Chemistry, 19141921; Chief Chemist, Aetna Explosives 
Company; Chemical Director. British American Chemical Company; 
Director of Control Laboratory. The Barrett Company; Professor of 
Chemistry, Lebanon X'alley College. 1921 — 


ROBERT R. BUTTERWICK. A.M, B.D., D.D., Professor of Phil- 
osophy and Bible 

A. B., Lebanon Valley College, 1901; A. M., ibid., 1904; B. D., 
Bonebrake Theological Seminary, 1905: D.D.. Lebanon Valley College, 
1910; twenty-six years in the Ministry; Professor of Philosophy and 
Relieion, Lebanon \'alley College, 1921-1922: Professor of Philosophy and 
Bible, 1922— 

HAROLD BENNETT, Ph.D., Professor of Latin Language and 

B. A., Victoria College, University of Toronto, 1915; military service 
with Canadian Expeditionary Forces. 1915-1918; fellow in Latin, Uni- 
versity of Qiicago, 1919-1921; Ph.D., University of Chicago, 1921; 
Professor of Latin, College of Charleston, Charleston, S.^ C, 1921-22; 
Profes&or of Latin Language and Literature, Leibanon Valley College, 

EDGAR EUGENE STAUFFER, A.M., D.D., Professor of English 

A. B.. Lafayette College, 1894; 1894-5, Normal Fellow Gallaudet College; 
A. M., Gallaudet College, 1895; A. M., Lafayette College, 1897; Pastorate, 
1896-1903; College Pastor. Albright College and Professor of English 
Bible, 1903-1907; Professor of English Literature in Albright College, 
1906-1920; University of Pennsylvania, Summer 1906; Pastorate, 1920 — : 
D.D., Western Union College. 1923; Professor of English, Lebanon \^alley 
College. 1923— 


0! O 



THE fourth year of the Summer Courses of Lebanon Valley- 
College will open on Monday, July 7th, and continue until 
Saturday, August 15th, inclusive, a single term of six weeks. 
Exercises in each subject will be held five times a week. 

Inasmuch as the Summer Session is authorized and approved by 
the Trustees of the College, and directed b}^ the Faculty, it is an 
integral part of the work of the institution. All the resources of the 
institution are placed at the disposal of the students. All courses 
are open to men and women alike. All courses will be taught by 
regular members of the college Faculty, or, in a few cases, by other 
suitable persons selected to augment the Faculty for the Summer 

The sessions are held in the buildings of the College at Annville. 
The environment, the social life, the opportunities for healthful 
recreation, as well as for quiet and effective study make this an 
ideal location for a Summer School. 


The courses are planned primarily for the following groups of men 
and women: 

1. Those who wish to complete their college entrance require- 

2. Those who desire to shorten the period of college residence or 
to make up deficiencies. 

3. Teachers in service who wish, while teaching, to advance to- 
wards a college degree. 

4. Those who hold the Bachelor's degree and desire to work to- 
ward the Master's degree. 

5. Those who wish to meet the requirements for the various 
classes of teachers' certificates. 

6. Teachers whose certification is already satisfactory, but who 
desire to improve and to keep abreast of developments in their 

7. Persons who desire collegiate instruction for other reasons 
<jr purposes. 


Lebanon Valley College is fortunate in being unusually well 
equipped with buildings for its various needs, including attractive 
modern residence halls for men and for women. The Administration 
Building contains administrative offices, classrooms and laboratories, 
and is very well adapted to this purpose. Other splendid buildings 


are the College Church, Engle Conservatory of Music, ^r^6 Carnegie 
Librar}-. The library is well stocked with books and periodicals, 
and the laboratories are well equipped for their purpose. The gym- 
nasium, the campus with its tennis courts, and the athletac field 
complete the equipment for physical education and rezjeatiorj. 


The college is located at Annville, on the William Ptrju Highway, 
21 miles from Harrisburg and five miles from Lebanoij It is on 
the main line of the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad between 
Reading and Harrisburg, and is also connected with both Hamsburg 
and Lebanon by trolley. 


There are no formal examinations for admission tc the sura.mer 
school. Students, both men and women, will be admitted to such 
courses as the respective instructors find them qualifjed 1r> pursue 
with advantage. 


In order that the work may proceed with dispatch xipoii tiie open- 
ing of the term, it is urged that arrangements for registxation be 
made by mail. Applications for admission and registration will be 
received by the Registrar up to and including -Satrjiday July 5. 
Address, Annville, Pa. 

Registration may be made in person at the Registrai's ofRce in 
the Administration Building on July 5th from 9 A. M. to 4 P. M., 
exclusive of the noon hour. No registrations will be rnad'e arsd no 
changes in courses permitted after July 10th. 


Instructors will keep strict and accurate record of atlendarjce and 
students will be expected to be present at every class appoiatment. 
Absence from class exercises may be excused only irj case of illness. 


Certificates will be issued to all students showing tht courses at- 
tended, grades and number of semester hours' credit. Courses taken 
during the Summer Session are credited towards the college degrees 
on the same basis as courses taken during the regular college year. 
One hundred and twenty-four points, exclusive of Physical Educa- 
tion, are required for the bachelor's degrees, and twenty-eight for 
the master's degree. The requirement of one year's residence for 
the master's degree may be met by attendance upon both terms for 
three Summer Sessions. For complete information coiiicerning the 



requirements for degrees the candidate should refer to the college 
catalog or address the Registrar. 

Credit towards college entrance will be granted for the satisfac- 
tory completion of courses such as are usually offered in secondary 
schools. The Summer Session will offer a sufficient variety of courses 
of this grade to meet the needs of those who desire such work. 

Inasmuch as Lebanon Valley College is an accredited institution, 
on the first list of colleges and universities, persons who complete 
the courses offered may safely assume that their credits will be hon- 
ored wherever they may be presented. Students are advised, how- 
ever, of the desirability of inquiring in advance whether courses 
which they propose to elect will be acceptable as satisfying the par- 
ticular requirements or purposes for which they are taken. 


A registration fee of $5 will be charged each student. 

The fee for tuition is $25, payment of* which entitles the student 
to attend as many as three courses. 

The charge for board and room is $8 per week, $48 per term. 

The entire charge for registration, tuition, board and room for 
the term is therefore $78. 

The fees are payable at the time of registration, as a condition 
of admission to classes. 


Each room in the Men's Dormitory is furnished with a cot. 
mattress, one chair and student table for each occupant. Students 
must furnish their own bedding, carpets, towels, napkins, soap and 
all other necessary furnishings. 

Each room in the Women's Dormitory is furnished with bed. 
mattress, chair, dresser and student table. All other desired furnish- 
ings must be supplied by the student. 

One 40-watt light is furnished for each occupant of a room. Any 
additional lights must be paid for by the student. 

The more desirable rooms will be reserved in the order of appli- 
cation. No fee is required. Address the Registrar promptly in order 
that the most attractive room available may be reserved for you. 


Our Appointment Bureau co-operates with the Placement Service 
— Teacher Bureau — of the Department of Public Instruction, Harris- 
burg, Pennsylvania, thus offering additional facilities for the place- 
ment of our graduates and alumni. 


The Teacher Placement Service has been established by the De- 
partment of Public Instruction and its purpose is to assist school 
officials secure competently trained teachers and to aid teachers 
secure suitable positions in fields of service for which their training 
best fits them. 

No enrollment fee is required and no charge is made for any ser- 
vice rendered bj^ the Bureau. Blank forms for enrollment and a 
circular containing full particulars w^ith regard to the work of the 
Bureau may be obtained by addressing Placement Service, Teacher 
Bureau, Department of Public Instruction, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania 


The following extracts are taken from the certification require- 
ments as published by the State Council of Education. "All persons 
holding Standard, Normal or College certificates shall be considered 
to have the standard qualifications." 


1. Elementary 

This certificate is issued b}- the Superintendent of Public Instruc- 
tion upon the request of the local county or district superintendent 
under whose authority the applicant is to teach, and entitles the 
holder to teach in the designated county or district for a period of one 
year the subjects prescribed for the elementary school curriculum. 

Applicants for this form of certificate must have had four years 
of high school education, or the equivalent, and eight semester hours 
of professional training. 

The first renewal of this certificate is dependent upon a rating of 
"low" or better plus six semester hours of further professional train- 
ing. Subsequent renewals require a rating of "middle" or better and 
six additional semester hours of professional training. 

The Partial Elementary Certificate will be converted into the 
Standard Certificate when the holder has the qualifications required 
for the Standard Certificate. 

The minimum salary guarantee for the Partial Elementary certifi- 
cate is eighty-five dollars a month. 

2. Secondary 

(This certificate ditfers from the above in that it requires in addi- 
tion two years of collegiate education.) 

1 , Temporary 

This certificate is issued by the Superintendent of Public Instruc- 
tion and entitles the holder to teach for a period of two years the 
subjects prescribed for the curriculum of the elementary school or 
such subjects as may be specifically written upon its face in either 
the elementary or secondary field of education as may be prescribed. 

Applicants for this form of certificate must have had a four year 
high school or equivalent education and two years (seventy semester 
hours) or the equivalent of professional training- for teaching. Ob- 


servation, participation and practice teaching of not less than six 
semester hours or its equivalent must form a part of this requirement. 
The first renewal of this certificate is dependent upon a rating of 
"low" or better. Subsequent renewals require a rating of "middle"' 
or better. 

2. Permanent 

This certificate is issued to the holder of a Standard Temporary 
Certificate or its equivalent at the end of its first period or any sub- 
sequent renewal period on a rating of "middle" or better an evi- 
dence of four years of successful teaching experience. 

In art education, commercial education, health education, home 
economics or niusic, not less than three years of approved training 
beyond high school grade in the specified field shall be required for 
a Standard Permanent Certificate. 

1. Provisional 

This certificate entitles the holder to teach for three years the 
subjects prescribed for a public high school of the third class or to 
teach in any public high school of the Commonwealth the subjects 
indicated on its face. 

The applicant for this certificate must be a graduate of an approved 
college or university and must have successfully completed at least 
eighteen semester hours of work of college grade in education dis- 
tributed as follows: 

Introduction to Teaching 3 semester hours 

Educational Psychology 3 semester hours 

Electives in Education selected from the 

following list 6 semester hours 

Secondary Education 
Elementary Education 
School Efficiency 
Special Methods 
School Hygiene 
Educational Administration 
Educational Measurements 
Educational Sociolog>^ 
Educational Systems 
History of Education 
Principles of Education 
Educational Psychology 
Technique of Teaching 


Practice teaching in the appropriate field.. 6 semester hours 

Three years of successful teaching experience in the field in which 
certification is sought, together with a teaching rating of "middle" 
or better, may be accepted as the equivalent of the practice teaching 

The holder of this certificate will be certified to teach each subject 
m which not less than twelve semester hours have been completed. 

The scope of this certificate will be extended to cover a field of 
learning when the distribution of the applicant's credentials so war- 

This certificate may be renewed once on a rating of 'iow" or better 
plus six additional semester hours of work of college grade, one-half 
of which must be professional. 

2. Permanent 

The issue of this certificate is dependent upon the possession of 
the qualifications required for the Provisional College Certificate 
and in addition thereto three years of successful teaching experience 
in the appropriate field and the satisfactory completion of six semes- 
ter hours of additional work of at least collegiate grade, one-half of 
which should be professional and the remainder related to the sub- 
jects or subject fields in which the candidate is certified to teach, 
together with a teaching rating of "middle" or better. 

This certificate entitles the holder to teach for life the subjects 
prescribed for a public high school of the third class, or to teach in 
any public school of the Commonwealth the subjects indicated on its 

Additional Branches. — In order to add a subject or subject field to 
a certificate, credentials showing the satisfactory completion of 
twelve semester hours of approved training must be presented. 



S102. Biology for Teachers. — One hour per day. Lectures and 
discussions on the fundamental principles of Biology with special 
emphasis on those phases of the work that will be most helpful to 
those engaged in or preparing to teach either Biology or related 
subjects. Two semester hours. 

S122. Practical Biologry for Teachers. — Two hours per day. 
Laboratory and field work in Biology. This course supplements 
S102 and can be taken only by those who are pursuing that course 
or have had a course in General Biology. Methods of conducting 
field studies, collecting materials for demonstration and dissection, 
technic in preserving materials and preparation of microscopic slides 
are combined with the study of plant and animal forms illustrating 
the fundamental principles of Biology. Two semester hours. 

S82. Bird Study. — One hour per day. Lectures and demonstra- 
tions on the structure, classification and distribution of birds accom- 
panied by observations of habits, behavior and songs of about sev- 
enty species of birds. Illustrated lectures of birds of other regions. 
Two semester hours. 

S132. Hygiene. — One hour per day. A consideration of tlie best 
methods of developing and maintaining physical and mental vigor. 
A sufficient discussion of the anatomy and physiology of the various 
organs of the human bodj^ is entered into to enable the student to 
make practical application of the principles of hygiene presented. 
The course will include many demonstrations with dissections, 
models and histological preparations of tissues. 


S18. General Chemistry. — An introduction to the study of chem- 
istry, including a study of the elements, their classification and 
properties, and a study of the important compounds of each element. 
During the course constant reference is made to manufacturing and 
industrial processes, and interpretation of the phenomenal material 
development of the present century is made in the light of the rapid 
increase in chemical knowledge. The laboratory work of the course 
includes about 100 carefully selected experiments. One hour lecture 
or recitation daily and twelve hours of laboratory work weekly. 
Text, Holmes' General Chemistry. Laboratory Fee $16.00. 

S28. Oi^^nic Chemistry. — A study of the sources, classification 
and type reactions of organic materials, of foodstuffs and their rela- 


tion to nutrition, dyes, pharmaceuticals, explosives, petroleum prod- 
ucts, coal tar intermediates, manufacturing processes and recent 
developments in this field of chemistry. The course v^^ill include a 
carefully selected series of demonstrations, the display of a large 
number of representative materials and the use of a large number of 
charts prepared especially for the course. A knowledge of the ele- 
ments of chemistry will be assumed. The laboratory w^ork of the 
course consists of about sixty experiments covering the preparation 
and study of a wide range of representative compounds. One hour 
of lecture and recitation and three hours of laboratory work dail3^ 
Laboratory Fee $24.00. 

S14. Household Chemistry. — A beginner's course, emphasizing 
the practical every day side of chemistry and including a study of 
the chemistry of foods and their preparation and preservation, with 
simple tests for adulterants and preservatives, bacteria and disin- 
fectants, soaps and their manufacture, medicinals, sanitation, \\'ater 
supply, fuels, textiles and the elements of dyes and dyeing. One 
hour lecture daily. 

S28. Qualitative Analysis, — A study of the systematic methods 
of separating and detecting all of the ordinary metal and acid radicles. 
The laboratory work includes the analysis of about thirty solutions 
and solids varying in complexity from simple salts to complex 
insoluble artificial mixtures. One hour of lecture or recitation and 
three hours of laboratory work dail3^ Laboratory Fee $16.00. 


S192. Philosophy of Education. — This course aims to orient teach- 
ers and to supply a basis for constructive thinking in the field of 
education. It will include a discussion of the aims and methods 
of public education from the modern point of view. Various theories 
in education will be considered. The class will study the changes 
that have been brought about in educational conceptions as they 
have been influenced by modern industrial, social and scientific 
developments. Two points. 

S202. The Junior High School. — After a consideration of the 
history of education in America and of the demands for a reorgani- 
zation of the school system, different features of organization and 
administration are discussed. Such subjects as preparation of teach- 
ers, curricula, courses of study and schedule making are considered 
and careful attention is given to the problems of adolescence, voca- 
tional guidance and industrial training. Two points. 

S12. History of Education. — One hour per day. This course is 
an analysis of the history of education from the days of primitive 


man to the present day, with special emphasis upon the work of 
Rousseau, Pestalozzi, Hebart and Froebel, as the forerunners of 
modern educational theories and practices. Two semester hours. 

S222. History of Education in the United States. — Study of edu- 
cation in colonial times; early attempts at organizing systems of 
education; the history of the elementary school; the Latin Grammar 
school; the academ}"- movement; the history and growth of high 
schools; colleges and universities; the present public school. Two 

S242. School Supervision and Administration. — An introductory, 
comprehensive course designed for students who desire to study 
the principles underlying educational organization, administration, 
and supervision. Lectures, reading, reports and discussions. The 
course is planned for those who are now engaged in supervision 
or administration, or who look forward to careers in this profession. 
Two points. 

S252. Methods of Teaching in the High Schools. — A study of 
the high school teaching problems; the general principles of in- 
struction; the principal types of teaching; the kinds of learning in- 
volved in the various secondary subjects and the corresponding 
methods of instruction. The discussion of reports from observations 
and practice teaching. Two points, 

S32. Principles of Secondary Education. — The high school pupils, 
their physical and mental traits, individual differences, and the make- 
up of the high school population; the secondary school as an institu- 
tion, its history, its relation to elementary education, and to higher 
education; social principles determining secondary education; aims 
and functions of secondary education; the curriculum; the place, 
function, and value of the several subjects of the curriculum; or- 
ganization and management of the high school. Two points, 

S32. Educational Psychology. — Emphasis on the topics of gen- 
eral psychology which form the basis for educational application. A 
study of the mental characteristics of children of various ages; indi- 
vidual differences, their measurements, causes and significance; 
school tests and scales; the laws of learning, and of behavior. Two 
semester hours. 

S72. Child Psychology. — One hour per day. A course on the 
nature and development of intellect and character during childhood 
and adolescence. Two semester hours' credit. 

S302. Teaching the Elementary School Subjects. — This course in 
method and content of the subjects of the intermediate and grammar 
grades offers a critical survey of existing conditions with reference to 


the social demands made upon the school. Lectures, readings, and 
discussions. Second term. Two semester hours. 

S102. Physiology and School Hygiene. — One hour per day. This 
course offers a general survey of the principles of sanitary science 
and disease prevention, the spread and control of infectious diseases, 
problems of rural hygiene, personal hygiene and the social and eco- 
nomic aspects of health problems. The work of the State and Local 
Boards of Health will be studied. Second term. Two semester 


SIOO. Classic Mythology in English Literature. — One hour per 
day. A study of the important features of Greek mythology, fol- 
lowed by the reading of selections from important English poets 
who make extensive use of mythological allusion. Two semester 

S52-a. American Literature. — One hour per day. This is a course 
in the history of American Literature with special emphasis on 
Emerson, Hawthorne and Whitman. Lectures, discussions and as- 
signed readings. Two semester hours. 

S42. The Romantic Movement. — One hour per day. This course 
covers the works of Thomson. Grey, Burns, Wordsworth, Coleridge, 
Byron, Shelley, Keats, Lamb, Hazlitt, DeQuincy, and other writers 
of the early nineteenth century. Attention is called to the conti- 
nental literature of the same period. Two semester hours. 

S15. Modem Drama. — One hour per day. This is a course stress- 
ing the theories of play-construction and dramatic criticism. The 
types of dramatic literature; the aims, the technique, the problems, 
as represented by Ibsen, Hauptman, Maeterlinck, Hervieu, Rostand, 
D'Annunzio, Tchekhov, Phillips, Pinero, Galsworthy, Shaw, Synge 
and Yeates. Two semester hours. 

S72, The Short Story. — One hour per day. This course covers 
the history of the short story and makes an analysis of the same. 
Students taking this work are required to write examples illustrating 
the types studied. Two semester hours. 

SlOL Tennyson and Browning. — One hour per day. This course 
is intended to furnish an intensive survey of the works of the authors 
with a view to the relation of their work to the great movements 
of their time. Two semester hours. 

S102. Carlyle and Ruskin. — One hour per day. This course is 
designed to furnish the student with a knowledge of some of the 
fundamental forces that have entered into the English life of the 
past 75 years. The development of the social note will be stressed. 
Two semester hours. 


S103. Arnold and Swinburne. — One hour per day. This course 
will deal with the phases of the literature of doubt that arose in the 
last half of the nineteenth century. Two semester hours. 


S14. First year French. — This course includes a drill in French 
pronunciation and grammar, with exercises in dictation and com- 
position. Several easy texts will be read. Two semester hours. 

S24. Second year French. — Grammar, composition, dictation, and 
the reading and interpretation of texts of intermediate difficulty. 
Two semester hours. 

S56. Advanced Conversation & Prose Composition. This course 
is intended to promote fluency in conversation, and will include the 
writing of short essays in French. Two semester hours. 


5100. The Roman Republic. — A study of the political and con- 
stitutional history of the Roman Republic. Causes and motives will 
be discussed, with the idea of relating ancient experience to modern 
problems. Two semester hours. 

S46. History. United States History. Three hours. From the 
close of the Revolution to the end of the Civil War: the Critical 
period; the Adoption of the Constitution; Federalist Supremacy; the 
PoHtical Revolution of 1800; the Second War with Great Britain; 
the development of National Consciousness; the Slavery Question; 
the Civil War. 

5101. Modem European History. — A study of political movements 
in Europe from 1815 to the present time. Course Avill be conducted 
by lectures, readings, reports and discussions. Two semester hours. 


Courses in Latin meeting the requirements for Entrance or College 
credit will be arranged if there is sufficient demand. 


Courses will be given in the following subjects provided there are 
sufficient candidates. 
S12. College Algebra. 
S22. Plane Trigonometry. 
S32. Analytic Geometry. 
S42. Elementary Differential Calculus. 



S12. Economic Theory. — One hour per day. A course in eco- 
iiouiic tlu'ory covering' the work of one semester. Two semester 
hours. .: 

S22. Economic Problems. — One liour per day. A study of prac- 
tical economic problems, continuing the \york of Economics 12 and 
completing the work of the tirst year of economics. Two semester 


S12. Problems in American Democracy. — One hour per day. This 
course is designed especially to meet the needs of public school 
teachers. The aim is to actpiaint them, by a short and interesting 
survc'N', with the field Asorlc of the social sciences, and \o qualifx' 
tiuin for more efhcicnl K-adrrship in the social work of the lom- 
nuuiity. The Nvork consists of the examination and discussion <>f 
current social, ])olitical and economic problems, their causes and 
rtfccts and f)roposed sohuions. Two semester hours. 


S12. Educational Sociology. — One liour [wi day. Tlie corrrsc i-^ 
dc-.signed primarils' for teachers or for persons in the later stages of 
preparation for teaching. As professional moulders of public opinion, 
the members of this class are expected to participate in the discus- 
sion of sociological questions, particularly those with educational 
applications. T^yo semester hours. 


S22. Introduction to Philosophy.— One hour per day. A stud) 
of r(|)rcs(iitati\e philoso])hical \\ritings. T\yo semester hours credit. 

S52. Ethics.™ One hour i)er day. This course will be primarily 
(•on,~,truc-iive and critical, and historical onl\' in so far as its con- 
structive jjurpose demands. Two semester hours credit. 

Inforniation Blank 

If you are interested in, or expert to attend the Summer Session 
of L.ebanon \"alley College, the Registrar of the Summer Session will 
esteem it a favor if \-ou will till out and return to him. as earh- as 
possible, the form below. In so doing you will not obligate yourself 
in any way. but will greatly help the Sehool in making proper 
arrangements for its work. 

Samuel O. Grimm, Registrar, 
Lebanon Valley College, 
Annville, Pa. 

Dear Sir: 

(I am interested in) (I expect to attend) the Summer Session 
of Lebanon Valley College. Please give me the following informa- 

My purpose in attending the Summer Session is 

I desire to study the following subjects: 

Please (reserve) (do not .reserve) a place for me in the College dor- 
mitories, — the most desirable room available at the time my reserva- 
tion is received. 

I am giving, on the back of this blank, a statement of my training 
and experience. 

Remarks: : — 

I have the following credits: 
Name of School Name of Course No. of Sem. Hrs. 


My experience is as follows: 

Place Grade 


( ^>U.^^..>M^yC^ j 

Yours very truly. 

Name in full 

Present address 
Home address