Vol. 11 (NEW SERIES) FEBRUARY 15, 1924
No. 1 1
ADM [MS ri< \ 1 !()\ m 11 l)li\C,
SUMMER SCHOOL NUMBER
LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE
Digitized by the Internet Archive
in 2011 with funding from
LYRASIS IVIembers and Sloan Foundation
C A L E x\' U A R
Summer School Calendar
July 5 — Registration of Students
July 7 — Summer Session Begins
August 15 — wSummer Session Ends
Committee on Summer Session
GEORC.E 1)AM1:L COSSARD, Cluiirninn
IIOX. AARON S. KREIDI.U I. BA\AkI) BKAHA'
J. A. lA'lER, D.D. SAMUEI. D. (xRiMM, Rri-tstn,^
R, k. Bl TTERWICl^ CHRISTEW R. GIX< iRK H
Officers of Administration and
(;i-:ORGi: J )AXib:L COSSARD, B.D., D.D Presidcm
SAAIUKL (). GRIMM. A.-\f Registrar
ALBI':R'r JJARNHART Treasurer of lite Sinniiier Sehool
SAMUEL 11. DERICKSON, M.S Professor of Biologieal Science
J!. S.. Lebanon \'alley College, 1902: graduate student, Johns Hop-
kins University, 1902-1903; ^.l. S., Lebanon X'alley College, 1903; Pro-
fessor of Biological Science, Lebanon X'alley College, 1903; Land Zoolo-
gist, Bahama Expedition, Baltimore Geographical Society, summer 1904;
Director, collection of Eocene and Miocene Fossils for \'assar College,
summer 1908; Student, Marine Biology, Bermuda, summer 1909; Student
Tropical Botanical Gardens, Jamaica, summer 1910; Student Brooklyn
Institute of Arts and Sciences, summer 1911; Acting President of Leba-
non N'alley College, summer 1912; Member American Association for
tlie Advancement of Science, The Botanical Society of America, the
j'hytopathological Society of America, and the Anu-rican Museum of
SAMUEL OLIV]^i^^ GRIMM, R.Pd., A.M P,liiea.:io,i
Millersville State Normal School, 1907; \'.\'d.. ibid.. 1910; A. B.,
Lebanon \'alley College, 1912; A. .M.. ibi.l.. 1917; Columbia Cniversitv.
1914-1916; I'rofessor of Ivlucalion and l'bv,-,ics. I.rbannn \;iHrv C.dlr^i-,
1915. Registrar, Lclfanoii \-alK-v ClU-gf. I'^ju
( IlklS'llAX k. GL\(ikl('II. A.r.., I.L.I;., frnfessor of I'nliheal
Seit'ne(' and /u'Jtnniiies
A. r.., I'laMklin and .\lar>hall Collc'.^c, I'M I; l'rinci,.al of High Scbn,,l,
Alexandria, I'a., 1911 1912: Principal of lliuli School. Linglestown, Pa.,
1912-1913; ]J..i!., I'uiversily nf I'ennsyK .inia Law School, 1916; .Mem-
iit-r of Law r.ar of i.cliaiuin Cunitv ;iiid of Pennsylvania Supreme Court
IJar; Professor of p.dilical ScicuL-c and J';cv)iioinics, Lebanon \':dlev
MRS. MARY C. GREEN. Professor -of Prench and Dean of WonKU
Student. New York Conservatory' of [Music, 1896-97; Private Teacher
of Piano, 1897-1900; Travel and Study: Berlin, 1900-01; Paris, 1901-
1909; Florence, 1909-10; Johannesburg, 1910-11; Paris, 1911-14; Listruc-
tor in French, Lebanon \'alley College, 1916-20; summer 1923. Ecole des
N'acances. Paris; Professor of ]""rench and l);-an of Women, Lebanijn
\alley College, 1920—
'lll()\L\S llAN'AkI) JIEAT'IA'. A.M Professor of P.ngltsh
A. B., Lebanon \alley College, 1905; A. M., Columbia University.
1920; Instructor in Massanutten Academy, 1906; Teacher of English.
Central High School, Pittsburgh, 1907-1914; Student Curry School of
IC.xpression, summers 1908, 1909; student Columbia L'niversitv, summers
1911, 1917, 1918 and 1919; Principal of Schools, Red Lion, Pa.,' 1914-1916;
Professor, Design School C. L T., 1916-1919; study and travel in Eng-
land, summer 1922; Professor of English, Lebanon X'alley College, 1919 —
AXDREW BENDER, Ph.D Professor of Chemistry
\. P.., Lebanon \'alley College, 1906; Ph.D., Columbia University.
1914; Professor of Chemistry and Physics. Lebanon X'alley College. 1907-
1909; Instructor in Analytical Chemistry. Colu.mbia University, 1912-1914;
In Industrial Chemistry, 19141921; Chief Chemist, Aetna Explosives
Company; Chemical Director. British American Chemical Company;
Director of Control Laboratory. The Barrett Company; Professor of
Chemistry, Lebanon X'alley College. 1921 —
SUMMER SCHOOL BULLETIN 5
ROBERT R. BUTTERWICK. A.M, B.D., D.D., Professor of Phil-
osophy and Bible
A. B., Lebanon Valley College, 1901; A. M., ibid., 1904; B. D.,
Bonebrake Theological Seminary, 1905: D.D.. Lebanon Valley College,
1910; twenty-six years in the Ministry; Professor of Philosophy and
Relieion, Lebanon \'alley College, 1921-1922: Professor of Philosophy and
HAROLD BENNETT, Ph.D., Professor of Latin Language and
B. A., Victoria College, University of Toronto, 1915; military service
with Canadian Expeditionary Forces. 1915-1918; fellow in Latin, Uni-
versity of Qiicago, 1919-1921; Ph.D., University of Chicago, 1921;
Professor of Latin, College of Charleston, Charleston, S.^ C, 1921-22;
Profes&or of Latin Language and Literature, Leibanon Valley College,
EDGAR EUGENE STAUFFER, A.M., D.D., Professor of English
A. B.. Lafayette College, 1894; 1894-5, Normal Fellow Gallaudet College;
A. M., Gallaudet College, 1895; A. M., Lafayette College, 1897; Pastorate,
1896-1903; College Pastor. Albright College and Professor of English
Bible, 1903-1907; Professor of English Literature in Albright College,
1906-1920; University of Pennsylvania, Summer 1906; Pastorate, 1920 — :
D.D., Western Union College. 1923; Professor of English, Lebanon \^alley
THE fourth year of the Summer Courses of Lebanon Valley-
College will open on Monday, July 7th, and continue until
Saturday, August 15th, inclusive, a single term of six weeks.
Exercises in each subject will be held five times a week.
Inasmuch as the Summer Session is authorized and approved by
the Trustees of the College, and directed b}^ the Faculty, it is an
integral part of the work of the institution. All the resources of the
institution are placed at the disposal of the students. All courses
are open to men and women alike. All courses will be taught by
regular members of the college Faculty, or, in a few cases, by other
suitable persons selected to augment the Faculty for the Summer
The sessions are held in the buildings of the College at Annville.
The environment, the social life, the opportunities for healthful
recreation, as well as for quiet and effective study make this an
ideal location for a Summer School.
The courses are planned primarily for the following groups of men
1. Those who wish to complete their college entrance require-
2. Those who desire to shorten the period of college residence or
to make up deficiencies.
3. Teachers in service who wish, while teaching, to advance to-
wards a college degree.
4. Those who hold the Bachelor's degree and desire to work to-
ward the Master's degree.
5. Those who wish to meet the requirements for the various
classes of teachers' certificates.
6. Teachers whose certification is already satisfactory, but who
desire to improve and to keep abreast of developments in their
7. Persons who desire collegiate instruction for other reasons
Lebanon Valley College is fortunate in being unusually well
equipped with buildings for its various needs, including attractive
modern residence halls for men and for women. The Administration
Building contains administrative offices, classrooms and laboratories,
and is very well adapted to this purpose. Other splendid buildings
8 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE
are the College Church, Engle Conservatory of Music, ^r^6 Carnegie
Librar}-. The library is well stocked with books and periodicals,
and the laboratories are well equipped for their purpose. The gym-
nasium, the campus with its tennis courts, and the athletac field
complete the equipment for physical education and rezjeatiorj.
The college is located at Annville, on the William Ptrju Highway,
21 miles from Harrisburg and five miles from Lebanoij It is on
the main line of the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad between
Reading and Harrisburg, and is also connected with both Hamsburg
and Lebanon by trolley.
There are no formal examinations for admission tc the sura.mer
school. Students, both men and women, will be admitted to such
courses as the respective instructors find them qualifjed 1r> pursue
In order that the work may proceed with dispatch xipoii tiie open-
ing of the term, it is urged that arrangements for registxation be
made by mail. Applications for admission and registration will be
received by the Registrar up to and including -Satrjiday July 5.
Address, Annville, Pa.
Registration may be made in person at the Registrai's ofRce in
the Administration Building on July 5th from 9 A. M. to 4 P. M.,
exclusive of the noon hour. No registrations will be rnad'e arsd no
changes in courses permitted after July 10th.
Instructors will keep strict and accurate record of atlendarjce and
students will be expected to be present at every class appoiatment.
Absence from class exercises may be excused only irj case of illness.
Certificates will be issued to all students showing tht courses at-
tended, grades and number of semester hours' credit. Courses taken
during the Summer Session are credited towards the college degrees
on the same basis as courses taken during the regular college year.
One hundred and twenty-four points, exclusive of Physical Educa-
tion, are required for the bachelor's degrees, and twenty-eight for
the master's degree. The requirement of one year's residence for
the master's degree may be met by attendance upon both terms for
three Summer Sessions. For complete information coiiicerning the
10 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE
requirements for degrees the candidate should refer to the college
catalog or address the Registrar.
Credit towards college entrance will be granted for the satisfac-
tory completion of courses such as are usually offered in secondary
schools. The Summer Session will offer a sufficient variety of courses
of this grade to meet the needs of those who desire such work.
Inasmuch as Lebanon Valley College is an accredited institution,
on the first list of colleges and universities, persons who complete
the courses offered may safely assume that their credits will be hon-
ored wherever they may be presented. Students are advised, how-
ever, of the desirability of inquiring in advance whether courses
which they propose to elect will be acceptable as satisfying the par-
ticular requirements or purposes for which they are taken.
A registration fee of $5 will be charged each student.
The fee for tuition is $25, payment of* which entitles the student
to attend as many as three courses.
The charge for board and room is $8 per week, $48 per term.
The entire charge for registration, tuition, board and room for
the term is therefore $78.
The fees are payable at the time of registration, as a condition
of admission to classes.
NOTICE TO BOARDING STUDENTS
Each room in the Men's Dormitory is furnished with a cot.
mattress, one chair and student table for each occupant. Students
must furnish their own bedding, carpets, towels, napkins, soap and
all other necessary furnishings.
Each room in the Women's Dormitory is furnished with bed.
mattress, chair, dresser and student table. All other desired furnish-
ings must be supplied by the student.
One 40-watt light is furnished for each occupant of a room. Any
additional lights must be paid for by the student.
The more desirable rooms will be reserved in the order of appli-
cation. No fee is required. Address the Registrar promptly in order
that the most attractive room available may be reserved for you.
TEACHER PLACEMENT SERVICE
Our Appointment Bureau co-operates with the Placement Service
— Teacher Bureau — of the Department of Public Instruction, Harris-
burg, Pennsylvania, thus offering additional facilities for the place-
ment of our graduates and alumni.
12 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE
The Teacher Placement Service has been established by the De-
partment of Public Instruction and its purpose is to assist school
officials secure competently trained teachers and to aid teachers
secure suitable positions in fields of service for which their training
best fits them.
No enrollment fee is required and no charge is made for any ser-
vice rendered bj^ the Bureau. Blank forms for enrollment and a
circular containing full particulars w^ith regard to the work of the
Bureau may be obtained by addressing Placement Service, Teacher
Bureau, Department of Public Instruction, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania
EXTRACTS FROM THE CERTIFICA-
The following extracts are taken from the certification require-
ments as published by the State Council of Education. "All persons
holding Standard, Normal or College certificates shall be considered
to have the standard qualifications."
I. PARTIAL CERTIFICATES
This certificate is issued b}- the Superintendent of Public Instruc-
tion upon the request of the local county or district superintendent
under whose authority the applicant is to teach, and entitles the
holder to teach in the designated county or district for a period of one
year the subjects prescribed for the elementary school curriculum.
Applicants for this form of certificate must have had four years
of high school education, or the equivalent, and eight semester hours
of professional training.
The first renewal of this certificate is dependent upon a rating of
"low" or better plus six semester hours of further professional train-
ing. Subsequent renewals require a rating of "middle" or better and
six additional semester hours of professional training.
The Partial Elementary Certificate will be converted into the
Standard Certificate when the holder has the qualifications required
for the Standard Certificate.
The minimum salary guarantee for the Partial Elementary certifi-
cate is eighty-five dollars a month.
(This certificate ditfers from the above in that it requires in addi-
tion two years of collegiate education.)
II. STANDARD CERTIFICATES
1 , Temporary
This certificate is issued by the Superintendent of Public Instruc-
tion and entitles the holder to teach for a period of two years the
subjects prescribed for the curriculum of the elementary school or
such subjects as may be specifically written upon its face in either
the elementary or secondary field of education as may be prescribed.
Applicants for this form of certificate must have had a four year
high school or equivalent education and two years (seventy semester
hours) or the equivalent of professional training- for teaching. Ob-
14 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE
servation, participation and practice teaching of not less than six
semester hours or its equivalent must form a part of this requirement.
The first renewal of this certificate is dependent upon a rating of
"low" or better. Subsequent renewals require a rating of "middle"'
This certificate is issued to the holder of a Standard Temporary
Certificate or its equivalent at the end of its first period or any sub-
sequent renewal period on a rating of "middle" or better an evi-
dence of four years of successful teaching experience.
In art education, commercial education, health education, home
economics or niusic, not less than three years of approved training
beyond high school grade in the specified field shall be required for
a Standard Permanent Certificate.
This certificate entitles the holder to teach for three years the
subjects prescribed for a public high school of the third class or to
teach in any public high school of the Commonwealth the subjects
indicated on its face.
The applicant for this certificate must be a graduate of an approved
college or university and must have successfully completed at least
eighteen semester hours of work of college grade in education dis-
tributed as follows:
Introduction to Teaching 3 semester hours
Educational Psychology 3 semester hours
Electives in Education selected from the
following list 6 semester hours
History of Education
Principles of Education
Technique of Teaching
SUMMER SCHOOL BULLETIN 15
Practice teaching in the appropriate field.. 6 semester hours
Three years of successful teaching experience in the field in which
certification is sought, together with a teaching rating of "middle"
or better, may be accepted as the equivalent of the practice teaching
The holder of this certificate will be certified to teach each subject
m which not less than twelve semester hours have been completed.
The scope of this certificate will be extended to cover a field of
learning when the distribution of the applicant's credentials so war-
This certificate may be renewed once on a rating of 'iow" or better
plus six additional semester hours of work of college grade, one-half
of which must be professional.
The issue of this certificate is dependent upon the possession of
the qualifications required for the Provisional College Certificate
and in addition thereto three years of successful teaching experience
in the appropriate field and the satisfactory completion of six semes-
ter hours of additional work of at least collegiate grade, one-half of
which should be professional and the remainder related to the sub-
jects or subject fields in which the candidate is certified to teach,
together with a teaching rating of "middle" or better.
This certificate entitles the holder to teach for life the subjects
prescribed for a public high school of the third class, or to teach in
any public school of the Commonwealth the subjects indicated on its
Additional Branches. — In order to add a subject or subject field to
a certificate, credentials showing the satisfactory completion of
twelve semester hours of approved training must be presented.
DESCRIPTION OF COURSES
S102. Biology for Teachers. — One hour per day. Lectures and
discussions on the fundamental principles of Biology with special
emphasis on those phases of the work that will be most helpful to
those engaged in or preparing to teach either Biology or related
subjects. Two semester hours.
S122. Practical Biologry for Teachers. — Two hours per day.
Laboratory and field work in Biology. This course supplements
S102 and can be taken only by those who are pursuing that course
or have had a course in General Biology. Methods of conducting
field studies, collecting materials for demonstration and dissection,
technic in preserving materials and preparation of microscopic slides
are combined with the study of plant and animal forms illustrating
the fundamental principles of Biology. Two semester hours.
S82. Bird Study. — One hour per day. Lectures and demonstra-
tions on the structure, classification and distribution of birds accom-
panied by observations of habits, behavior and songs of about sev-
enty species of birds. Illustrated lectures of birds of other regions.
Two semester hours.
S132. Hygiene. — One hour per day. A consideration of tlie best
methods of developing and maintaining physical and mental vigor.
A sufficient discussion of the anatomy and physiology of the various
organs of the human bodj^ is entered into to enable the student to
make practical application of the principles of hygiene presented.
The course will include many demonstrations with dissections,
models and histological preparations of tissues.
S18. General Chemistry. — An introduction to the study of chem-
istry, including a study of the elements, their classification and
properties, and a study of the important compounds of each element.
During the course constant reference is made to manufacturing and
industrial processes, and interpretation of the phenomenal material
development of the present century is made in the light of the rapid
increase in chemical knowledge. The laboratory work of the course
includes about 100 carefully selected experiments. One hour lecture
or recitation daily and twelve hours of laboratory work weekly.
Text, Holmes' General Chemistry. Laboratory Fee $16.00.
S28. Oi^^nic Chemistry. — A study of the sources, classification
and type reactions of organic materials, of foodstuffs and their rela-
SUMMER SCHOOL BULLETIN' 17
tion to nutrition, dyes, pharmaceuticals, explosives, petroleum prod-
ucts, coal tar intermediates, manufacturing processes and recent
developments in this field of chemistry. The course v^^ill include a
carefully selected series of demonstrations, the display of a large
number of representative materials and the use of a large number of
charts prepared especially for the course. A knowledge of the ele-
ments of chemistry will be assumed. The laboratory w^ork of the
course consists of about sixty experiments covering the preparation
and study of a wide range of representative compounds. One hour
of lecture and recitation and three hours of laboratory work dail3^
Laboratory Fee $24.00.
S14. Household Chemistry. — A beginner's course, emphasizing
the practical every day side of chemistry and including a study of
the chemistry of foods and their preparation and preservation, with
simple tests for adulterants and preservatives, bacteria and disin-
fectants, soaps and their manufacture, medicinals, sanitation, \\'ater
supply, fuels, textiles and the elements of dyes and dyeing. One
hour lecture daily.
S28. Qualitative Analysis, — A study of the systematic methods
of separating and detecting all of the ordinary metal and acid radicles.
The laboratory work includes the analysis of about thirty solutions
and solids varying in complexity from simple salts to complex
insoluble artificial mixtures. One hour of lecture or recitation and
three hours of laboratory work dail3^ Laboratory Fee $16.00.
EDUCATION AND PSYCHOLOGY
S192. Philosophy of Education. — This course aims to orient teach-
ers and to supply a basis for constructive thinking in the field of
education. It will include a discussion of the aims and methods
of public education from the modern point of view. Various theories
in education will be considered. The class will study the changes
that have been brought about in educational conceptions as they
have been influenced by modern industrial, social and scientific
developments. Two points.
S202. The Junior High School. — After a consideration of the
history of education in America and of the demands for a reorgani-
zation of the school system, different features of organization and
administration are discussed. Such subjects as preparation of teach-
ers, curricula, courses of study and schedule making are considered
and careful attention is given to the problems of adolescence, voca-
tional guidance and industrial training. Two points.
S12. History of Education. — One hour per day. This course is
an analysis of the history of education from the days of primitive
18 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE
man to the present day, with special emphasis upon the work of
Rousseau, Pestalozzi, Hebart and Froebel, as the forerunners of
modern educational theories and practices. Two semester hours.
S222. History of Education in the United States. — Study of edu-
cation in colonial times; early attempts at organizing systems of
education; the history of the elementary school; the Latin Grammar
school; the academ}"- movement; the history and growth of high
schools; colleges and universities; the present public school. Two
S242. School Supervision and Administration. — An introductory,
comprehensive course designed for students who desire to study
the principles underlying educational organization, administration,
and supervision. Lectures, reading, reports and discussions. The
course is planned for those who are now engaged in supervision
or administration, or who look forward to careers in this profession.
S252. Methods of Teaching in the High Schools. — A study of
the high school teaching problems; the general principles of in-
struction; the principal types of teaching; the kinds of learning in-
volved in the various secondary subjects and the corresponding
methods of instruction. The discussion of reports from observations
and practice teaching. Two points,
S32. Principles of Secondary Education. — The high school pupils,
their physical and mental traits, individual differences, and the make-
up of the high school population; the secondary school as an institu-
tion, its history, its relation to elementary education, and to higher
education; social principles determining secondary education; aims
and functions of secondary education; the curriculum; the place,
function, and value of the several subjects of the curriculum; or-
ganization and management of the high school. Two points,
S32. Educational Psychology. — Emphasis on the topics of gen-
eral psychology which form the basis for educational application. A
study of the mental characteristics of children of various ages; indi-
vidual differences, their measurements, causes and significance;
school tests and scales; the laws of learning, and of behavior. Two
S72. Child Psychology. — One hour per day. A course on the
nature and development of intellect and character during childhood
and adolescence. Two semester hours' credit.
S302. Teaching the Elementary School Subjects. — This course in
method and content of the subjects of the intermediate and grammar
grades offers a critical survey of existing conditions with reference to
SUMMER SCHOOL BULLETIN 19
the social demands made upon the school. Lectures, readings, and
discussions. Second term. Two semester hours.
S102. Physiology and School Hygiene. — One hour per day. This
course offers a general survey of the principles of sanitary science
and disease prevention, the spread and control of infectious diseases,
problems of rural hygiene, personal hygiene and the social and eco-
nomic aspects of health problems. The work of the State and Local
Boards of Health will be studied. Second term. Two semester
SIOO. Classic Mythology in English Literature. — One hour per
day. A study of the important features of Greek mythology, fol-
lowed by the reading of selections from important English poets
who make extensive use of mythological allusion. Two semester
S52-a. American Literature. — One hour per day. This is a course
in the history of American Literature with special emphasis on
Emerson, Hawthorne and Whitman. Lectures, discussions and as-
signed readings. Two semester hours.
S42. The Romantic Movement. — One hour per day. This course
covers the works of Thomson. Grey, Burns, Wordsworth, Coleridge,
Byron, Shelley, Keats, Lamb, Hazlitt, DeQuincy, and other writers
of the early nineteenth century. Attention is called to the conti-
nental literature of the same period. Two semester hours.
S15. Modem Drama. — One hour per day. This is a course stress-
ing the theories of play-construction and dramatic criticism. The
types of dramatic literature; the aims, the technique, the problems,
as represented by Ibsen, Hauptman, Maeterlinck, Hervieu, Rostand,
D'Annunzio, Tchekhov, Phillips, Pinero, Galsworthy, Shaw, Synge
and Yeates. Two semester hours.
S72, The Short Story. — One hour per day. This course covers
the history of the short story and makes an analysis of the same.
Students taking this work are required to write examples illustrating
the types studied. Two semester hours.
SlOL Tennyson and Browning. — One hour per day. This course
is intended to furnish an intensive survey of the works of the authors
with a view to the relation of their work to the great movements
of their time. Two semester hours.
S102. Carlyle and Ruskin. — One hour per day. This course is
designed to furnish the student with a knowledge of some of the
fundamental forces that have entered into the English life of the
past 75 years. The development of the social note will be stressed.
Two semester hours.
20 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE
S103. Arnold and Swinburne. — One hour per day. This course
will deal with the phases of the literature of doubt that arose in the
last half of the nineteenth century. Two semester hours.
S14. First year French. — This course includes a drill in French
pronunciation and grammar, with exercises in dictation and com-
position. Several easy texts will be read. Two semester hours.
S24. Second year French. — Grammar, composition, dictation, and
the reading and interpretation of texts of intermediate difficulty.
Two semester hours.
S56. Advanced Conversation & Prose Composition. This course
is intended to promote fluency in conversation, and will include the
writing of short essays in French. Two semester hours.
5100. The Roman Republic. — A study of the political and con-
stitutional history of the Roman Republic. Causes and motives will
be discussed, with the idea of relating ancient experience to modern
problems. Two semester hours.
S46. History. United States History. Three hours. From the
close of the Revolution to the end of the Civil War: the Critical
period; the Adoption of the Constitution; Federalist Supremacy; the
PoHtical Revolution of 1800; the Second War with Great Britain;
the development of National Consciousness; the Slavery Question;
the Civil War.
5101. Modem European History. — A study of political movements
in Europe from 1815 to the present time. Course Avill be conducted
by lectures, readings, reports and discussions. Two semester hours.
Courses in Latin meeting the requirements for Entrance or College
credit will be arranged if there is sufficient demand.
Courses will be given in the following subjects provided there are
S12. College Algebra.
S22. Plane Trigonometry.
S32. Analytic Geometry.
S42. Elementary Differential Calculus.
SUMMER SCHOOL BULLETIN 21
S12. Economic Theory. — One hour per day. A course in eco-
iiouiic tlu'ory covering' the work of one semester. Two semester
S22. Economic Problems. — One liour per day. A study of prac-
tical economic problems, continuing the \york of Economics 12 and
completing the work of the tirst year of economics. Two semester
S12. Problems in American Democracy. — One hour per day. This
course is designed especially to meet the needs of public school
teachers. The aim is to actpiaint them, by a short and interesting
survc'N', with the field Asorlc of the social sciences, and \o qualifx'
tiuin for more efhcicnl K-adrrship in the social work of the lom-
nuuiity. The Nvork consists of the examination and discussion <>f
current social, ])olitical and economic problems, their causes and
rtfccts and f)roposed sohuions. Two semester hours.
S12. Educational Sociology. — One liour [wi day. Tlie corrrsc i-^
dc-.signed primarils' for teachers or for persons in the later stages of
preparation for teaching. As professional moulders of public opinion,
the members of this class are expected to participate in the discus-
sion of sociological questions, particularly those with educational
applications. T^yo semester hours.
S22. Introduction to Philosophy.— One hour per day. A stud)
of r(|)rcs(iitati\e philoso])hical \\ritings. T\yo semester hours credit.
S52. Ethics.™ One hour i)er day. This course will be primarily
(•on,~,truc-iive and critical, and historical onl\' in so far as its con-
structive jjurpose demands. Two semester hours credit.
If you are interested in, or expert to attend the Summer Session
of L.ebanon \"alley College, the Registrar of the Summer Session will
esteem it a favor if \-ou will till out and return to him. as earh- as
possible, the form below. In so doing you will not obligate yourself
in any way. but will greatly help the Sehool in making proper
arrangements for its work.
Samuel O. Grimm, Registrar,
Lebanon Valley College,
(I am interested in) (I expect to attend) the Summer Session
of Lebanon Valley College. Please give me the following informa-
My purpose in attending the Summer Session is
I desire to study the following subjects:
Please (reserve) (do not .reserve) a place for me in the College dor-
mitories, — the most desirable room available at the time my reserva-
tion is received.
I am giving, on the back of this blank, a statement of my training
Remarks: : —
I have the following credits:
Name of School Name of Course No. of Sem. Hrs.
My experience is as follows:
( ^>U.^^..>M^yC^ j
Yours very truly.
Name in full