Vol. 12 (newser.es) FEBRUARY 15, 1925
SUMMER SCHOOL NUMBER
LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE
Entered as second-class matter at
Annvillp, Ta., und^r flic Act of August 24. 19]:
Summer School Calendar
June 20 — Registration of Students
June 22 — Summer Session Begins
July 31 — Summer Session Ends
Executive Committee of the Summer School
GEORGE DANIEL GOSSARD, Chairman
HON. AARON S. KREIDER T. BAYARD BEATTY
J. R. ENGLE, Esq. SAMUEL O. GRIMM, Registrar
R. R. BUTTERWICK . CHRISTIAN R. GINGRICH
Faculty Committee of Summer School
GEORGE DANIEL GOSSARD, Chairman
CHRISTIAN R. GINGRICH. Secretary T. BAYARD BEATTY
SAMUEL O. GRIMM, Registrar O. EDGAR REYNOLDS
R. R. BUTTERWICK
Officers of Administration and
GEORGE DANIEL GOSSARD, B.D., D.D President
SAMUEL O. GRIMM, A.M Registrar
CHRISTIAN R. GINGRICH Secretary of the Summer School
SAMUEL H. DERICKSON, M.S Professor of Biological Science
B. S., Lebanon Valley College, 1902: sraduate student, Johns Hop-
kins University, 1902-1903; M. S., Lebanon Valley College, 1903; Pro-
fessor of Biological Science, Lebanon X'alley College, 1903; Land Zoolo-
gist, Bahama Expedition. Baltimore Geographical Society, summer 1904;
Director, collection of Eocene and Miocene Fossils for' X'assar College,
summer 1908; Student, Alarine Biology, Bermuda, summer 1909; Student
Tropical Botanical Gardens, Jamaica, summer 1910; Student Brooklyn
Institute of Arts and Sciences, summer 1911; Acting President of Leba-
non \'alley College, summer 1912; Member American Association for
the Advancement of Science, The Botanical Society of America, the
Phytopathological Society of America, and the American Museum of
SAMUEL OLIVER GRIMM, B.Pd., A.M Educa'.ion
Millersville State Normal School, 1907; B.Pd., ibid., 1910; A. B.,
Lebanon Valley College, 1912; A. M., ibid., 1917; Columbia University,
1914-1916; Professor of Education and Phvsics, Lebanon Valley College,
1915. Registrar, Lebanon Valley College, 'l920 —
CHRISTIAN R. GINGRICH, A.B., LL.B., Professor of Political
Science and Economics
A. B., Franklin and Marshall College, 1911; Principal of High School.
Alexandria, Pa., 19111912; Principal of High School, Linglestown, Pa.,
1912-1913; LL.B., University of Pennsylvania Law School. 1916; Mem-
ber of Law Bar of Lebanon County and of Pennsylvania Supreme Court
Bar; Professor of Political Science and Economics, Lebanon Vallev
MRS. MARY C. GR'E'En. Prof cssor of French and Dean of Women
Student, New York Conservatory of ]\Iusic, 1896-97; Private Teacher
of Piano, 1897-1900; Travel and Study: Berlin, 1900-01; Paris, 1901-
1909; Florence, 1909-10; Johannesburg, 1910-11; Paris, 1911-14; Instruc-
tor in French, Lebanon Valley College, 1916-20; summer 1923, Ecole des
Vacances, Paris; Professor of French and Dean of Women, Lebanon
Valley College, 1920—
ANDREW BENDER, Ph.D. Professor of Chemistry
A. B., Lebanon Valley College, 1906; Ph.D., Columbia University,
1914; Professor of Chemistry and Physics, Lebanon Valley College, 1907-
1909; Instructor in Analytical Chemistrv. Columbia University, 1912-1914;
In Industrial Chemistry, 1914-1921; Chief Chemist, Aetna Explosives
Company; Chemical Director, British American Chemical Company;
Director of Control Laboratory, The Barrett Company; Professor of
Chemistry, Lebanon Valley College, 1921 —
ROBERT R. BUTTERWICK, A.M., B.D., D.D., Professor of Phil-
osophy and Bible
A. B., Lebanon Valley College, 1901; A. M., ibid., 1904; B. D.,
Bonebrake Theological Seminary. 1905; D.D., Lebanon Valley College,
1910; twenty-six years in the Ministry; Professor of Philosophy and
Relieion, Lebanon Valley College, 1921-1922; Professor of Philosophy and
4 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE
HAROLD BENNETT, Ph.D., Profesmr of Latin Language and
B. A., Victoria College, University of Toronto, 1915; military service
with Canadian Expeditionary Forces, 1915-1918; fellow in Latin, Uni-
versity of Chicago, 1919-1921; Ph.D., University of Chicago, 1921;
Professor of Latin, College of Charleston, Charleston, S. C, 1921-22;
Professor of Latin Language and Literature, Ldbanon Valley College,
BRUCE HAMPTON REDDITT, A.M Professor of Mathematics
A. B., Randolph-Macon College, 1910; A. M., Johns Hopkins University,
1923; Instructor in Mathematics, Randolph-Macon Academy, Front Royal,
V^a., 1911-1913; Principal, Columbia (La.) High School, 1914-1916; In-
structor, Washington & Lee University, 1916-1917; Instructor in Mathe-
matics, Baltimore Polytechnic Institute, 1917-1919; Assistant in
Mathematics, Johns Hopkins University, 1919-1923; Professor of
Mathematics, Lebanon Valley College, 1923 — . Member of The Mathe-
matical Association of America.
EDGAR EUGENE STAUFFER, A.M., D.D., Professor of English
A. B., Lafayette College, 1894; 1894-5, Normal Fellow Gallaudet College;
A. M., Gallaudet College, 1895; A. M., Lafayette College, 1897; Pastorate,
1896-1903; College Pastor, Albright College and Professor of English
Bible, 1903-1907; Professor of English Literature in Albright College,
1906-1920; University of Pennsylvania, Summer 1906; Pastorate, 1920 — ;
D.D., Western Union College, 1923; Professor of English, Lebanon Valley
O. EDGAR REYNOLDS, A.B., M.A., Professor of Education and
Teacher, Principal and Superintendent of Schools, 1903-1913; Diploma,
Illinois State Normal University, 1914; A.B., University of Illinois,
1916; M.A., Columbia University, 1917; Head of the Department of Edu-
cation and Psychology, College of Puget Sound, 1917-1920; Student Leland
Stanford L^niversity, Summer quarter, 1920; Professor of Psychology and
Education, University of Rochester, 1920-1923; Student Columbia Uni-
versity, Summers 1921 and 1922; Completed course and residence require-
ments for Ph.D. Degree, Columbia University, 1923-1924; Assistant in
School Administration, Teachers College, Columbia University, Summer
1924; Professor of Education and Psychology, Lebanon Valley College,
ETHEL MARY BENNETT, B.A., Professor of French Literature
B. A., Victoria College, University of Toronto, 1915; in charge of
Modern Language Department, Ontario Ladies' College, Whitby, Ont.,
1915-1919; Tutor in French and German, University of Chicago, 1920-
1921; Graduate Student, Univ. of Chicago, Summer, 1922; Acting Pro-
fessor of French Literature, Lebanon Valley College, 1922 —
HELEN ETHEL MYERS, A.B Librarian
A. B., Lebanon Valley College, 1907; Drexel Institute Library School,
1908; Assistant New York Public Library, 1908-1910; Cataloger, Univer-
sity of Chicago Library, 1910-1911; Librarian, Public Library, Lancaster,
Pa., 1912-1921; Member American Library Association; Lebanon Valley
College Librarian, 1921 —
Associate Professor in English To be appointed
THE fifth 3'ear of the Summer Courses of Lebanon Valley
College will open on Monday, June 22, and continue until
Friday, July 31, inclusive, a single term of six weeks. Exer-
cises in each subject will be held five times a week.
Inasmuch as the Summer Session is authorized and approved by
the Trustees of the College, and directed by the Faculty, it is an
integral part of the work of the institution. All the resources of the
institution are placed at the disposal of the students. All courses
are open to men and women alike. All courses will be taught by
regular members of the college Faculty, or, in a few cases, by other
suitable persons selected to augment the Faculty for the Summer
The sessions are held in the buildings of the College at Annville.
The environment, the social life, the opportunities for healthful
recreation, as well as for quiet and effective study make this an
ideal location for a Summer School.
The courses are planned primarily for the following groups of men
1. Those who wish to complete their college entrance require-
2. Those who desire to shorten the period of college residence or
to make up deficiencies.
3. Teachers in service who wish, while teaching, to advance to-
wards a college degree.
4. Those who hold the Bachelor's degree and desire to work to-
ward the Master's degree.
5. Those who wish to meet the requirements for the various
classes of teachers' certificates.
6. Teachers whose certification is already satisfactory, but who
desire to improve and to keep abreast of developments in their
7. Persons who desire collegiate instruction for other reasons
Lebanon Valley College is fortunate in being unusually well
equipped with buildings for its various needs, including attractive
modern residence halls for men and for women. The Administration
Building contains administrative offices, classrooms and laboratories,
and is very well adapted to this purpose. Other splendid buildings
SUMMER SCHOOL BULLETIN 7
are the College Church, Engle Conservatory of Music, and Carnegie
Library. The library is well stocked with books and periodicals,
and the laboratories are well equipped for their purpose. The gym-
nasium, the campus with its tennis courts, and the athletic field
complete the equipment for physical education and recreation.
The college is located at Annville, on the William Penn Highway,
21 miles from Harrisburg and five miles from Lebanon. It is on
the main line of the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad between
Reading and Harrisburg, and is also connected with both Harrisburg
and Lebanon b}^ trolley.
There are no formal examinations for admission to the summer
school. Students, both men and women, will be admitted to such
courses as the respective instructors find them qualified to pursue
In order that the work may proceed with dispatch upon the open-
ing of the term, it is urged that arrangements for registration be
made by mail. Applications for admission and registration will be
received by the Secretary up to and including Saturda}^ June 20.
Address, Annville, Pa.
Registration may be made in person at the Registrar's office in
the Administration Building on June 20 from 9 A. M. to 4 P. M.,
exclusive of the noon hour. No registrations will be made and no
changes in courses permitted after June 24.
Instructors will keep strict and accurate record of attendance and
students will be expected to be present at every class appointment.
Absence from class exercises may be excused only in case of illness.
Certificates will be issued to all students showing the courses at-
tended, grades and number of semester hours' credit. Courses taken
during the Summer Session are credited towards the college degrees
on the same basis as courses taken during the regular college year.
For the year 1925 one hundred thirty-two (132) semester hours
will be required for the bachelor's degrees; for the year 1926 one
hundred twenty-nine (129) semester hours; thereafter one hundred
twenty-six (126) semester hours. Twenty-seven (27) semester hours
are required for the master's degree. The requirement of one year's
SUMMER SCHOOL BULLETIN 9
residence for the master's degree may be met by attendance upon
four Summer Sessions. For complete information concerning the
requirements for degrees the candidate should refer to the college
catalog or address the Registrar.
Credit towards college entrance will be granted for the satisfac-
tory completion of courses such as are usually offered in secondary
schools. The Summer Session wall offer a sufficient variety of courses
of this grade to meet the needs of those who desire such work.
Inasmuch as Lebanon Valley College is an accredited institution,
on the first list of colleges and universities, persons who complete
the courses offered may safely assume that their credits will be hon-
ored wherever they may be presented. Students are advised, how-
ever, of the desirability of inquiring in advance whether courses
which they propose to elect will be acceptable as satisfying the par-
ticular requirements or purposes for which they are taken.
A registration fee of $1 will be charged each student.
The tuition fee is $6.00 per semester hour credit.
A laboratory fee is charged for Science Courses.
The charge for board and room is $9 per week, $54 per term.
The entire charge for registration, tuition, board and room for
the term is therefore $67-$91.
The fees are payable at the time of registration, as a condition
of admission to classes.
NOTICE TO BOARDING STUDENTS
Each room in the Men's Dormitory is furnished with a cot,
chiffonier, mattress, one chair and student table for each occupant.
Students must furnish their own bedding, carpets, towels, napkins,
soap and all other necessary furnishings.
Each room in the Women's Dormitory is furnished with bed,
mattress, chair, dresser and student table. All other desired furnish-
ings must be supplied by the student.
One 40-watt light is furnished for each occupant of a room. Any
additional lights must be paid for by the student.
The more desirable rooms will be reserved in the order of appli-
cation. No fee is required. Address the Registrar promptly in order
that the most attractive room available may be reserved for you.
SUMMER SCHOOL BULLETIN " 11
In order to give students the benefit of calls that are received for
teachers and to render greater assistance in finding employment,
the College provides for an Appointment Bureau to keep on file
records of students with their credentials for those who desire it.
For registration with the bureau a fee of one dollar is charged.
The Appointment Bureau of the College co-operates with the
Placement Service, Teachers" Bureau, of the Department of Public
Instruction, Harrisburg. Pennsylvania, thus offering additional fa-
cilities for the placement of graduates of this institution.
Bachelor of Science in Education. Lebanon Valley College grants
the degree Bachelor of Science in Education. Normal school credits
from recognized institutions will be allowed towards this degree on
the following basis: work of a professional character will be equated
on the basis of semester hours. Graduates, who have taken the
full two years' normal course based upon four full years of high
school work, usually receive approximately 60 semester hours,
though each case is evaluated individually for credit towards the
degree Bachelor of Science in Education. A total of 132 hours of
credit is required for the degree. For full information, address the
Head, Department of Education, Lebanon Valley College.
EXTRACTS FROM THE CERTIFICA-
The following extracts are taken from the certification require-
ments as published by the State Council of Education. "All persons
holding Standard, Normal or College certificates shall be considered
to have the standard qualifications."
I. PARTIAL CERTIFICATES
This certificate is issued by the Superintendent of Public Instruc-
tion upon the request of the local county or district superintendent
under whose authority the appHcant is to teach, and entitles the
holder to teach in the designated county or district for a period of one
year the subjects prescribed for the elementary school curriculum.
Applicants for this form of certificate must have had four years
of high school education, or the equivalent, and eight semester hours
of professional training.
The first renewal of this certificate is dependent upon a rating of
"low" or better plus six semester hours of further professional train-
ing. Subsequent renewals require a rating of "middle" or better and
six additional semester hours of professional training.
The Partial Elementary Certificate will be converted into the
Standard Certificate when the holder has the qualifications required
for the Standard Certificate.
The minimum salary guarantee for the Partial Elementary certifi-
cate is eighty-five dollars a month.
(This certificate differs from the above in that it requires in addi-
tion two years of collegiate education.)
II. STANDARD CERTIFICATES
This certificate is issued by the Superintendent of Pubhc Instruc-
tion and entitles the holder to teach for a period of two years the
subjects prescribed for the curriculum of the elementary school or
such subjects as may be specifically written upon its face in either
the elementary or secondary field of education as may be prescribed.
Applicants for this form of certificate must have had a four year
high school or equivalent education and two years (seventy semester
hours) or the equivalent of professional training for teaching. Ob-
SUMMER SCHOOL BULLETIN 13
servation, participation and practice teaching of not less than six
semester hours or its equivalent must form a part of this requirement.
The first renewal of this certificate is dependent upon a rating of
"low" or better. Subsequent renewals require a raHng of "middle"
This certificate is issued to the holder of a Standard Temporary
Certificate or its equivalent at the end of its first period or any sub-
sequent renewal period on a rating of "middle" or better an evi-
dence of four years of successful teaching experience.
In art education, commercial education, health education, home
economics or music, not less than three years of approved training
beyond high school grade in the specified field shall be required for
a Standard Permanent Certificate.
This certificate entitles the holder to teach for three years the
subjects prescribed for a public high school of the third class or tc
teach in any public high school of the Commonwealth the subject:
indicated on its face.
The applicant for this certificate must be a graduate of an approved
college or university and must have successfully completed at least
eighteen semester hours of work of college grade in education dis-
tributed as follows:
Introduction to Teaching 3 semester hours
Educational Psychology 3 semester hours
Electives in Education selected from the
following list 6 semester hours
History of Education
Principles of Education
Technique of Teaching
14 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE
Practice teaching in the appropriate field.. 6 semester hours
Three years of successful teaching experience in the field in which
certification is sought, together with a teaching rating of "middle"
or better, may be accepted as the equivalent of the practice teaching
The holder of this certificate will be certified to teach each subject
in which not less than twelve semester hours have been completed.
The scope of this certificate will be extended to cover a field of
learning when the distribution of the applicant's credentials so war-
This certificate may b^^ renewed once on a rating of "low" or better
plus six additional semester hours of work of college grade, one-half
of which must be professional.
The issue of this certificate is dependent upon the possession of
the qualifications required for the Provisional College Certificate
and in addition thereto three years of successful teaching experience
in the appropriate field and the satisfactory completion of six semes-
ter hours of additional work of at least collegiate grade, one-half of
which should be professional and the remainder related to the sub-
jects or subject fields in which the candidate is certified to teach,
together with a teaching rating of "middle" or better.
This certificate entitles the holder to teach for life the subjects
prescribed for a public high school of the third class, or to teach in
any public school of the Commonwealth the subjects indicated on its
Additional Branches. — In order to add a subject or subject field to
a certificate, credentials showing the satisfactory completion of
twelve semester hours of approved training must be presented.
DESCRIPTION OF COURSES
S52 The Religious History of the Jews During the Time of the
Kingdoms. Two hours. Throughout the year.
The purpose of this course is to furnish the student with a knowl-
edge of the rehgious growth and practices during the time of the
Kingdoms under the leadership of the prophets.
S104. Methods of Teaching General Biology. — The methods of
teaching Biology will be given in a very practical way by covering
the work in General Biology as usually outlined for one semester.
Special emphasis will be placed on methods of presentation; collec-
tion and preservation of material for demonstrations and for dis-
seiction; methods of recording results of laboratory work and meth-
ods of conducting biological work in the field. Four semester hours.
A laboratory fee of six dollars will be charged for this course.
S132. Physiology and School Hygiene. — This course consists of
a general survey of the principles of Physiology and Hygiene, sani-
tary science, disease prevention, the spread and control of infectious
and contagious diseases, problems of rural hygiene, personal hy-
giene and the social and economic aspects of health problems. Two
S142. Methods of Teaching Botany and Botanical Nature Study
in the Field. — This course will be conducted almost entirely in the
field. It will include methods of identification, plant societies, rela-
tions of plants to environmental factors, special adaptations, and
methods of collecting and preserving materials for indoor work.
Two semester hours.
S82. Bird Study. — This course consists of a study of about sixty
species of birds in their natural surroundings supplemented by dis-
cussion of their habits and classification, their economic value and
methods for their protection and study.
S18. General Chemistry. — An introduction to the study of chem-
istry, including a study of the elements, their classification and
properties, and a study of the important compounds of each element.
During the course constant reference is made to manufacturing and
industrial processes, and interpretation of the phenomenal material
development of the present century is made in the light of the rapid
16 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE
increase in chemical knowledge. The laboratory work of the course
includes about 100 carefully selected experiments. Two hours lectures
or recitations and three hours of laboratory work daily. Text,
Holmes' General Chemistry. Laboratory Fee $16.00.
S28. Organic Chemistry. — A study of the sources, classification
and type reactions of organic materials, of foodstuffs and their rela-
tion to nutrition, dyes, pharmaceuticals, explosives, petroleum prod-
ucts, coal tar intermediates, manufacturing processes and recent
developments in this field of chemistry. The course will include a
carefully selected series of demonstrations, the display of a large
number of representative materials and the use of a large number of
charts prepared especially for the course. A knowledge of the ele-
ments of chemistry will be assumed. The laboratory work of the
course consists of about sixty experiments covering the preparation
and study of a wide range of representative compounds. Two hours
of lectures and recitations and three hours of laboratory work daily.
Laboratory Fee $24.00.
EDUCATION AND PSYCHOLOGY
S122. Introduction to Teaching. — An introductory course for
prospective teachers, intended also to enable students to decide
whether they have an interest in professional education, and to in-
troduce the citizen to the problems of one of the most important
institutions in a democracy. Some of the topics considered are;
Teaching as an Occupation; The Materials cf Education; Nature's
Provisions for Learning; The Outcomes of Teaching and Learning.
Two semester hours.
S92. Philosophy of Education. — This course aims to orientate
the teacher and to supply a basis for constructive thinking in the
field of education. It will include a discussion of the aims and
methods of public education from the modern point of view. Various
theories in education will be considered. The class will consider
the changes that have been brought about in educational conceptions
as they have been influenced by modern industrial, social and scien-
tific development. Two semester hours,
S202. The Junior High School. — After a brief consideration of
the history of education in the L'^nited States and of the demands
for reorganization- of the school system, different forms of organi-
zation and administration are discussed. Such topics as preparation
of teachers, curricula, course of study, and schedule making are
considered and careful attention is given to the problems of adoles-
cence, vocational guidance and industrial training. Two semester
SUMMER SCHOOL BULLETIN 17
S242. School Administration. — A course dealing with essential
principles in the organization, financing and government of village
and city school systems. The several agencies involved — school
boards, superintendent, principals, teachers, classification of pupils,
etc., administrative methods of selected schools, and recent literature
on the subject, will receive consideration. Lectures, discussions,
oral and written reports. Two semester hours.
S12. History of Education in the United States. — A study of
education in the colonial times, early attempts at organization of
systems of education, the history of the elementary school; the
Latin grammar school; the Academy; the history and growth of the
American High School; and the present school system. Two
S252. General Methods of Teaching in High Schools.— The pur-
pose of this course is to consider some of the most vital problems
confronting the high school teacher, such as discipline, elimination
of waste in the classroom; grading of pupils; types of examinations;
methods of the classroom period; and devices for increasing the
efficiency of the classroom teacher. Two semester hours.
S32. — Principles of Secondary Education. — The high school pupils,
their ph^-sical and mental traits, individual differences, and the
make-up of the high school population; the secondarj^ school as an
institution, its history-, its relation to elementary education, and to
higher education; social principles determining secondary education;
aims and functions of secondary- education; the curriculum; the
place, function, and value of the several subjects of the curriculum;
organization and management of the high school. Two semester
S152. Educational Psychology. — Emphasis on the topics of gen-
eral psychology which form the basis for a study of the problems
of education. Special emphasis will be given to innate tendencies;
individual differences; their measurement; their significance; and
the learning process. Two semester hours.
S72. Child Psychology. — A course dealing with the characteris-
tics of original nature; innate tendencies and instincts; general ten-
dencies, habits and learning of children; cross-sections of child life
at various ages; the exceptional child. Two semester hours.
S162. Teaching of General Science. — This course aims to explain
the natural phenomena of everyday life in terms of laws and prin-
ciples of science. It attempts also to give the student a more
accurate knowledge of his science experiences and a keener appre-
ciation of the work and methods of scientists. The course includes
18 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE
lectures, apparatus, demonstrations, reference reading, excursions
and laboratory work. It is especially designed to take up such topics
as are treated in text books used in this course in Pennsylvania, Two
Si 32. Observation and Practice Teaching. — This course is de-
signed to give students opportunity to make systematic observation
of high school teaching and to do practice teaching under super-
vision. When taken with the course on Methods of Teaching in
High Schools it will meet the requirement for a State Provisional
Certificate. Reports, lesson plans and conferences.
Educational Sociology. See Sociology.
Special Method Courses. See Biology, English, French, Mathe-
5102. Tennyson and Browning. — One hour per day. This course
is intended to furnish an intensive survey of the works of the authors
with a view to the relation of their work to the great movements
of their time. Two semester hours.
Si 12. Carlyle and Ruskin. — One hour per day. This course is
designed to furnish the student with a knowledge of some of the
fundamental forces that have entered into the English life of the
past 75 years. The development of the social note will be stressed.
Two semester hours.
5103. Arnold and Swinburne. — One hour per day. This course
will deal with the phases of the literature of doubt that arose in the
last half of the nineteenth century. Two semester hours.
Sl2a. Theory and Practice of English Composition. The aim of
this course is to improve the student's ability to convey information
and to present ideas consecutively and persuasively.
S12b. Theory and Practice of English Composition. This course
emphasizes the composition of images and treats of the forms of
Students desiring a year's credit in College composition must
take S12a and S12b.
S522. American Literature. — This course is a survey of Ameri-
can literature from the Colonial period to the present.
S142. Library Science. — This course has a three fold purpose:
first, to give instruction in the general use of a library and knowl-
edge of the most useful reference books; second, to give the first
principles of book selection as a basis of recommending books to
students; third, as the school library movement in Pennsylvania is
SUMMER SCHOOL BULLETIN 19
growing, and as there are few trained school hbrarians available, it is
to give the first principles of organization and administration of such
S192. This course aims to explain the natural phenomena of
everyday life in terms of laws and principles of science. It attempts
also to give the student a more accurate knowledge of his science
experiences and a keener appreciation of the work and methods of
scientists. The course includes lectures, apparatus demonstrations,
reference readings, excursions and laboratory work. It is especially
designed to take up such topics as are treated in text books used for
this course in the high schools of Pennsylvania. Two semester
S02. Elementary French. — This course is intended for those who
begin French in College. Its aim is to enable the student to write
simple French sentences, to carry on a conversation in easy French,
and to read French of ordinary difficulty. College credit of tw^o
semester hours will be granted for this course, but it cannot be
counted toward a Major. Eraser & Squair, French Grammar; Daudet,
S12. First year French. — This course includes a drill in French
pronunciation and grammar, with exercises in dictation and com-
position. Several easy texts will be read. Two semester hours.
S22. Second year French. — Grammar, composition, dictation, and
the reading and interpretation of texts of intermediate difficulty.
Two semester hours.
S52. Advanced Conversation & Prose Composition. — This course
is intended to promote fluency in conversation, and will include the
writing of short essays in French. Two semester hours.
Advanced courses in French Literature, for undergraduate or
graduate credit, will be arranged if there is sufficient demand.
Note. — French conversation at table in the Dining Hall will be
arranged if desired.
S02. Elementary German.— A beginner's course in German gram-
mar, including the study of forms and syntax, with the composition
of easy sentences, and the reading of some simple German prose.
Two semester hours.
S12. Intermediate German.— Grammar, composition, and the
reading and interpretation of texts of intermediate difficulty. Two
20 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE
S102. The Roman Republic. — A study of the political and con-
stitutional history of the Roman Republic. Causes and motives
will be discussed, with the idea of relating ancient experience to
modern problems of government. Two semester hours.
SI 12. Europe, 1648-1815. — A study of European history from
the Peace of Westphalia to the Battle of Waterloo. Course will be
conducted by lectures, readings, reports and discussions. Two
S122. Europe, 1815-1920. — A study of political movements in
Europe from the Congress of Vienna to the Treaty of Versailles.
Course will be conducted in the same manner as SI 12, of which it is
the sequel. Two semester hours.
Si 32. European Background of American History. — This course
is especially planned for those interested in the course of study in
history in the upper elementary grades. It aims to present the
larger lines of influence in European History, which preceded the
discovery of America with particular reference to materials of in-
struction in intermediate grades. One hour daily. Two semester
Sl2. College Algebra. — The usual topics will be covered, with
special attention given to Theory of Equations.
S22. Plane Trigonometry. — Study of the relations between the
trigonometric functions; solution of right and oblique triangles; prac-
tical applications of trigonometry to the determination of heights
S32. Analytic Geometry. — A study of the equations of the straight
line, circle, parabola, elHpse, and hyperbola.
S42. Elementary Differential Calculus. — Differentiation of alge-
braic and transcendental functions, with applications in determination
of tangents and normals, solution of problems in maxima and
S12. Economic Theory. — One hour per day. A course in eco-
nomic theory covering the work of one semester. Two semester
hours. Offered in 1926.
S22. Economic Problems. — One hour per day. A study of prac-
tical economic problems, continuing the work of Economics 12 and
completing the work of the first year of economics. Two semester
hours. Offered in 1925.
SUMMER SCHOOL BULLETIN 21
S32. Uniform Business Law. — One hour per day. The course is
a general survey of the field of business law, emphasizing subjects
covered by uniform statutes. Two semester hours. Offered in 1925.
L. POLITICAL SCIENCE
S12. Problems in American Democracy. — One hour per day. This
course is designed especially to meet the needs of public school
teachers. The aim is to acquaint them, by a short and interesting
survey, with the field work of the social sciences, and to qualify
them for more efficient leadership in the social work of the com-
munity. The work consists of the examination and discussion of
current social, political and economic problems, their causes and
effects and proposed solutions. Two semester hours. Offered in 1926.
S32. American Government and Politics.- — One hour per day.
This course is designed to give the student a working knowledge
of the fundamental laws of the federal and state government. Much
time is given to the study of leading cases. Two semester hours.
Offered in 1925.
S12. Educational Sociology. — One hour per day. The course is
designed primarily for teachers or for persons in the later stages of
preparation for teaching. As professional moulders of public opinion,
the members of this class are expected to participate in the discus-
sion of sociological questions, particularly those with educational
applications. Two semester hours. Offered in 1925.
S14. General College Physics. — This course will be half of the
course in General College Physics to be given in alternate years,
and will for the year 1925 be concerned with the problems of Me-
chanics, Heat and Sound. The remainder of the course covering the
fundamentals of Light and Electricity will be given in 1926. Labora-
tory fee $5.00. Four semester hours.
S52. Radio. — Should there be a reasonable number who are in-
terested in the phenomena attending the transmission of matters
of public interest by radio, advice to that effect will be appreciated
and the course will be arranged. Two semester hours.
If you are interested in, or expect to attend the Summer Session
of Lebanon Valley College, the Secretary of the Summer Session will
esteem it a favor if you will fill out and return to him, as early as
possible, the form below. In so doing you will not obligate yourself
in any way, but will greatly help the School in making proper
arrangements for its work.
Christian R. Gingrich, Secretary,
Lebanon Valley College,
(I am interested in) (I expect to attend) the Summer Session
of Lebanon Valley College. Please give me the following informa-
My purpose in attending the Summer Session is:
Please (reserve) (do not .reserve) a place for me in the College dor-
mitories, — the most desirable room available at the time my reserva-
tion is received.
I am giving, on the back of this blank, a statement of my training
I have the following credits:
Name of School Name of Course
No. of Sem. Hrs.
My experience is as follows:
Yours very truly,
Name in full
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