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Ectianon Valltp 


Vol. 12 ( FEBRUARY 15, 1925 

No. 17 



19 25 




Entered as second-class matter at 

Annvillp, Ta., und^r flic Act of August 24. 19]: 















































































Summer School Calendar 

June 20 — Registration of Students 
June 22 — Summer Session Begins 
July 31 — Summer Session Ends 

Executive Committee of the Summer School 


J. R. ENGLE, Esq. SAMUEL O. GRIMM, Registrar 



Faculty Committee of Summer School 





Officers of Administration and 


SAMUEL O. GRIMM, A.M Registrar 

CHRISTIAN R. GINGRICH Secretary of the Summer School 

SAMUEL H. DERICKSON, M.S Professor of Biological Science 

B. S., Lebanon Valley College, 1902: sraduate student, Johns Hop- 
kins University, 1902-1903; M. S., Lebanon Valley College, 1903; Pro- 
fessor of Biological Science, Lebanon X'alley College, 1903; Land Zoolo- 
gist, Bahama Expedition. Baltimore Geographical Society, summer 1904; 
Director, collection of Eocene and Miocene Fossils for' X'assar College, 
summer 1908; Student, Alarine Biology, Bermuda, summer 1909; Student 
Tropical Botanical Gardens, Jamaica, summer 1910; Student Brooklyn 
Institute of Arts and Sciences, summer 1911; Acting President of Leba- 
non \'alley College, summer 1912; Member American Association for 
the Advancement of Science, The Botanical Society of America, the 
Phytopathological Society of America, and the American Museum of 
Natural History. 


Millersville State Normal School, 1907; B.Pd., ibid., 1910; A. B., 
Lebanon Valley College, 1912; A. M., ibid., 1917; Columbia University, 
1914-1916; Professor of Education and Phvsics, Lebanon Valley College, 
1915. Registrar, Lebanon Valley College, 'l920 — 

CHRISTIAN R. GINGRICH, A.B., LL.B., Professor of Political 
Science and Economics 

A. B., Franklin and Marshall College, 1911; Principal of High School. 
Alexandria, Pa., 19111912; Principal of High School, Linglestown, Pa., 
1912-1913; LL.B., University of Pennsylvania Law School. 1916; Mem- 
ber of Law Bar of Lebanon County and of Pennsylvania Supreme Court 
Bar; Professor of Political Science and Economics, Lebanon Vallev 
College, 1916— 

MRS. MARY C. GR'E'En. Prof cssor of French and Dean of Women 

Student, New York Conservatory of ]\Iusic, 1896-97; Private Teacher 
of Piano, 1897-1900; Travel and Study: Berlin, 1900-01; Paris, 1901- 
1909; Florence, 1909-10; Johannesburg, 1910-11; Paris, 1911-14; Instruc- 
tor in French, Lebanon Valley College, 1916-20; summer 1923, Ecole des 
Vacances, Paris; Professor of French and Dean of Women, Lebanon 
Valley College, 1920— 

ANDREW BENDER, Ph.D. Professor of Chemistry 

A. B., Lebanon Valley College, 1906; Ph.D., Columbia University, 
1914; Professor of Chemistry and Physics, Lebanon Valley College, 1907- 
1909; Instructor in Analytical Chemistrv. Columbia University, 1912-1914; 
In Industrial Chemistry, 1914-1921; Chief Chemist, Aetna Explosives 
Company; Chemical Director, British American Chemical Company; 
Director of Control Laboratory, The Barrett Company; Professor of 
Chemistry, Lebanon Valley College, 1921 — 

ROBERT R. BUTTERWICK, A.M., B.D., D.D., Professor of Phil- 
osophy and Bible 

A. B., Lebanon Valley College, 1901; A. M., ibid., 1904; B. D., 
Bonebrake Theological Seminary. 1905; D.D., Lebanon Valley College, 
1910; twenty-six years in the Ministry; Professor of Philosophy and 
Relieion, Lebanon Valley College, 1921-1922; Professor of Philosophy and 
Bible, 1922— 


HAROLD BENNETT, Ph.D., Profesmr of Latin Language and 

B. A., Victoria College, University of Toronto, 1915; military service 
with Canadian Expeditionary Forces, 1915-1918; fellow in Latin, Uni- 
versity of Chicago, 1919-1921; Ph.D., University of Chicago, 1921; 
Professor of Latin, College of Charleston, Charleston, S. C, 1921-22; 
Professor of Latin Language and Literature, Ldbanon Valley College, 

BRUCE HAMPTON REDDITT, A.M Professor of Mathematics 

A. B., Randolph-Macon College, 1910; A. M., Johns Hopkins University, 
1923; Instructor in Mathematics, Randolph-Macon Academy, Front Royal, 
V^a., 1911-1913; Principal, Columbia (La.) High School, 1914-1916; In- 
structor, Washington & Lee University, 1916-1917; Instructor in Mathe- 
matics, Baltimore Polytechnic Institute, 1917-1919; Assistant in 
Mathematics, Johns Hopkins University, 1919-1923; Professor of 
Mathematics, Lebanon Valley College, 1923 — . Member of The Mathe- 
matical Association of America. 

EDGAR EUGENE STAUFFER, A.M., D.D., Professor of English 

A. B., Lafayette College, 1894; 1894-5, Normal Fellow Gallaudet College; 

A. M., Gallaudet College, 1895; A. M., Lafayette College, 1897; Pastorate, 
1896-1903; College Pastor, Albright College and Professor of English 
Bible, 1903-1907; Professor of English Literature in Albright College, 
1906-1920; University of Pennsylvania, Summer 1906; Pastorate, 1920 — ; 
D.D., Western Union College, 1923; Professor of English, Lebanon Valley 
College, 1923— 

O. EDGAR REYNOLDS, A.B., M.A., Professor of Education and 

Teacher, Principal and Superintendent of Schools, 1903-1913; Diploma, 
Illinois State Normal University, 1914; A.B., University of Illinois, 
1916; M.A., Columbia University, 1917; Head of the Department of Edu- 
cation and Psychology, College of Puget Sound, 1917-1920; Student Leland 
Stanford L^niversity, Summer quarter, 1920; Professor of Psychology and 
Education, University of Rochester, 1920-1923; Student Columbia Uni- 
versity, Summers 1921 and 1922; Completed course and residence require- 
ments for Ph.D. Degree, Columbia University, 1923-1924; Assistant in 
School Administration, Teachers College, Columbia University, Summer 
1924; Professor of Education and Psychology, Lebanon Valley College, 

ETHEL MARY BENNETT, B.A., Professor of French Literature 
and German 

B. A., Victoria College, University of Toronto, 1915; in charge of 
Modern Language Department, Ontario Ladies' College, Whitby, Ont., 
1915-1919; Tutor in French and German, University of Chicago, 1920- 
1921; Graduate Student, Univ. of Chicago, Summer, 1922; Acting Pro- 
fessor of French Literature, Lebanon Valley College, 1922 — 


A. B., Lebanon Valley College, 1907; Drexel Institute Library School, 
1908; Assistant New York Public Library, 1908-1910; Cataloger, Univer- 
sity of Chicago Library, 1910-1911; Librarian, Public Library, Lancaster, 
Pa., 1912-1921; Member American Library Association; Lebanon Valley 
College Librarian, 1921 — 

Associate Professor in English To be appointed 


THE fifth 3'ear of the Summer Courses of Lebanon Valley 
College will open on Monday, June 22, and continue until 
Friday, July 31, inclusive, a single term of six weeks. Exer- 
cises in each subject will be held five times a week. 

Inasmuch as the Summer Session is authorized and approved by 
the Trustees of the College, and directed by the Faculty, it is an 
integral part of the work of the institution. All the resources of the 
institution are placed at the disposal of the students. All courses 
are open to men and women alike. All courses will be taught by 
regular members of the college Faculty, or, in a few cases, by other 
suitable persons selected to augment the Faculty for the Summer 

The sessions are held in the buildings of the College at Annville. 
The environment, the social life, the opportunities for healthful 
recreation, as well as for quiet and effective study make this an 
ideal location for a Summer School. 


The courses are planned primarily for the following groups of men 
and women: 

1. Those who wish to complete their college entrance require- 

2. Those who desire to shorten the period of college residence or 
to make up deficiencies. 

3. Teachers in service who wish, while teaching, to advance to- 
wards a college degree. 

4. Those who hold the Bachelor's degree and desire to work to- 
ward the Master's degree. 

5. Those who wish to meet the requirements for the various 
classes of teachers' certificates. 

6. Teachers whose certification is already satisfactory, but who 
desire to improve and to keep abreast of developments in their 

7. Persons who desire collegiate instruction for other reasons 
or purposes. 


Lebanon Valley College is fortunate in being unusually well 
equipped with buildings for its various needs, including attractive 
modern residence halls for men and for women. The Administration 
Building contains administrative offices, classrooms and laboratories, 
and is very well adapted to this purpose. Other splendid buildings 

w o 

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en "S 


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are the College Church, Engle Conservatory of Music, and Carnegie 
Library. The library is well stocked with books and periodicals, 
and the laboratories are well equipped for their purpose. The gym- 
nasium, the campus with its tennis courts, and the athletic field 
complete the equipment for physical education and recreation. 


The college is located at Annville, on the William Penn Highway, 
21 miles from Harrisburg and five miles from Lebanon. It is on 
the main line of the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad between 
Reading and Harrisburg, and is also connected with both Harrisburg 
and Lebanon b}^ trolley. 


There are no formal examinations for admission to the summer 
school. Students, both men and women, will be admitted to such 
courses as the respective instructors find them qualified to pursue 
with advantage. 


In order that the work may proceed with dispatch upon the open- 
ing of the term, it is urged that arrangements for registration be 
made by mail. Applications for admission and registration will be 
received by the Secretary up to and including Saturda}^ June 20. 
Address, Annville, Pa. 

Registration may be made in person at the Registrar's office in 
the Administration Building on June 20 from 9 A. M. to 4 P. M., 
exclusive of the noon hour. No registrations will be made and no 
changes in courses permitted after June 24. 


Instructors will keep strict and accurate record of attendance and 
students will be expected to be present at every class appointment. 
Absence from class exercises may be excused only in case of illness. 


Certificates will be issued to all students showing the courses at- 
tended, grades and number of semester hours' credit. Courses taken 
during the Summer Session are credited towards the college degrees 
on the same basis as courses taken during the regular college year. 
For the year 1925 one hundred thirty-two (132) semester hours 
will be required for the bachelor's degrees; for the year 1926 one 
hundred twenty-nine (129) semester hours; thereafter one hundred 
twenty-six (126) semester hours. Twenty-seven (27) semester hours 
are required for the master's degree. The requirement of one year's 


residence for the master's degree may be met by attendance upon 
four Summer Sessions. For complete information concerning the 
requirements for degrees the candidate should refer to the college 
catalog or address the Registrar. 

Credit towards college entrance will be granted for the satisfac- 
tory completion of courses such as are usually offered in secondary 
schools. The Summer Session wall offer a sufficient variety of courses 
of this grade to meet the needs of those who desire such work. 

Inasmuch as Lebanon Valley College is an accredited institution, 
on the first list of colleges and universities, persons who complete 
the courses offered may safely assume that their credits will be hon- 
ored wherever they may be presented. Students are advised, how- 
ever, of the desirability of inquiring in advance whether courses 
which they propose to elect will be acceptable as satisfying the par- 
ticular requirements or purposes for which they are taken. 


A registration fee of $1 will be charged each student. 

The tuition fee is $6.00 per semester hour credit. 

A laboratory fee is charged for Science Courses. 

The charge for board and room is $9 per week, $54 per term. 

The entire charge for registration, tuition, board and room for 
the term is therefore $67-$91. 

The fees are payable at the time of registration, as a condition 
of admission to classes. 


Each room in the Men's Dormitory is furnished with a cot, 
chiffonier, mattress, one chair and student table for each occupant. 
Students must furnish their own bedding, carpets, towels, napkins, 
soap and all other necessary furnishings. 

Each room in the Women's Dormitory is furnished with bed, 
mattress, chair, dresser and student table. All other desired furnish- 
ings must be supplied by the student. 

One 40-watt light is furnished for each occupant of a room. Any 
additional lights must be paid for by the student. 

The more desirable rooms will be reserved in the order of appli- 
cation. No fee is required. Address the Registrar promptly in order 
that the most attractive room available may be reserved for you. 



In order to give students the benefit of calls that are received for 
teachers and to render greater assistance in finding employment, 
the College provides for an Appointment Bureau to keep on file 
records of students with their credentials for those who desire it. 
For registration with the bureau a fee of one dollar is charged. 

The Appointment Bureau of the College co-operates with the 
Placement Service, Teachers" Bureau, of the Department of Public 
Instruction, Harrisburg. Pennsylvania, thus offering additional fa- 
cilities for the placement of graduates of this institution. 

Bachelor of Science in Education. Lebanon Valley College grants 
the degree Bachelor of Science in Education. Normal school credits 
from recognized institutions will be allowed towards this degree on 
the following basis: work of a professional character will be equated 
on the basis of semester hours. Graduates, who have taken the 
full two years' normal course based upon four full years of high 
school work, usually receive approximately 60 semester hours, 
though each case is evaluated individually for credit towards the 
degree Bachelor of Science in Education. A total of 132 hours of 
credit is required for the degree. For full information, address the 
Head, Department of Education, Lebanon Valley College. 


The following extracts are taken from the certification require- 
ments as published by the State Council of Education. "All persons 
holding Standard, Normal or College certificates shall be considered 
to have the standard qualifications." 

1. Elementary 

This certificate is issued by the Superintendent of Public Instruc- 
tion upon the request of the local county or district superintendent 
under whose authority the appHcant is to teach, and entitles the 
holder to teach in the designated county or district for a period of one 
year the subjects prescribed for the elementary school curriculum. 

Applicants for this form of certificate must have had four years 
of high school education, or the equivalent, and eight semester hours 
of professional training. 

The first renewal of this certificate is dependent upon a rating of 
"low" or better plus six semester hours of further professional train- 
ing. Subsequent renewals require a rating of "middle" or better and 
six additional semester hours of professional training. 

The Partial Elementary Certificate will be converted into the 
Standard Certificate when the holder has the qualifications required 
for the Standard Certificate. 

The minimum salary guarantee for the Partial Elementary certifi- 
cate is eighty-five dollars a month. 

2. Secondary 
(This certificate differs from the above in that it requires in addi- 
tion two years of collegiate education.) 

1. Temporary 

This certificate is issued by the Superintendent of Pubhc Instruc- 
tion and entitles the holder to teach for a period of two years the 
subjects prescribed for the curriculum of the elementary school or 
such subjects as may be specifically written upon its face in either 
the elementary or secondary field of education as may be prescribed. 

Applicants for this form of certificate must have had a four year 
high school or equivalent education and two years (seventy semester 
hours) or the equivalent of professional training for teaching. Ob- 


servation, participation and practice teaching of not less than six 
semester hours or its equivalent must form a part of this requirement. 
The first renewal of this certificate is dependent upon a rating of 
"low" or better. Subsequent renewals require a raHng of "middle" 
or better. 

2. Permanent 

This certificate is issued to the holder of a Standard Temporary 
Certificate or its equivalent at the end of its first period or any sub- 
sequent renewal period on a rating of "middle" or better an evi- 
dence of four years of successful teaching experience. 

In art education, commercial education, health education, home 
economics or music, not less than three years of approved training 
beyond high school grade in the specified field shall be required for 
a Standard Permanent Certificate. 

1. Provisional 

This certificate entitles the holder to teach for three years the 
subjects prescribed for a public high school of the third class or tc 
teach in any public high school of the Commonwealth the subject: 
indicated on its face. 

The applicant for this certificate must be a graduate of an approved 
college or university and must have successfully completed at least 
eighteen semester hours of work of college grade in education dis- 
tributed as follows: 

Introduction to Teaching 3 semester hours 

Educational Psychology 3 semester hours 

Electives in Education selected from the 

following list 6 semester hours 

Secondary Education 
Elementary Education 
School Efficiency 
Special Methods 
School Hygiene 
Educational Administration 
Educational Measurements 
Educational Sociology 
Educational Systems 
History of Education 
Principles of Education 
Educational Psychology 
Technique of Teaching 


Practice teaching in the appropriate field.. 6 semester hours 

Three years of successful teaching experience in the field in which 
certification is sought, together with a teaching rating of "middle" 
or better, may be accepted as the equivalent of the practice teaching 

The holder of this certificate will be certified to teach each subject 
in which not less than twelve semester hours have been completed. 

The scope of this certificate will be extended to cover a field of 
learning when the distribution of the applicant's credentials so war- 

This certificate may b^^ renewed once on a rating of "low" or better 
plus six additional semester hours of work of college grade, one-half 
of which must be professional. 

2. Permanent 

The issue of this certificate is dependent upon the possession of 
the qualifications required for the Provisional College Certificate 
and in addition thereto three years of successful teaching experience 
in the appropriate field and the satisfactory completion of six semes- 
ter hours of additional work of at least collegiate grade, one-half of 
which should be professional and the remainder related to the sub- 
jects or subject fields in which the candidate is certified to teach, 
together with a teaching rating of "middle" or better. 

This certificate entitles the holder to teach for life the subjects 
prescribed for a public high school of the third class, or to teach in 
any public school of the Commonwealth the subjects indicated on its 

Additional Branches. — In order to add a subject or subject field to 
a certificate, credentials showing the satisfactory completion of 
twelve semester hours of approved training must be presented. 



S52 The Religious History of the Jews During the Time of the 
Kingdoms. Two hours. Throughout the year. 

The purpose of this course is to furnish the student with a knowl- 
edge of the rehgious growth and practices during the time of the 
Kingdoms under the leadership of the prophets. 


S104. Methods of Teaching General Biology. — The methods of 
teaching Biology will be given in a very practical way by covering 
the work in General Biology as usually outlined for one semester. 
Special emphasis will be placed on methods of presentation; collec- 
tion and preservation of material for demonstrations and for dis- 
seiction; methods of recording results of laboratory work and meth- 
ods of conducting biological work in the field. Four semester hours. 
A laboratory fee of six dollars will be charged for this course. 

S132. Physiology and School Hygiene. — This course consists of 
a general survey of the principles of Physiology and Hygiene, sani- 
tary science, disease prevention, the spread and control of infectious 
and contagious diseases, problems of rural hygiene, personal hy- 
giene and the social and economic aspects of health problems. Two 
semester hours. 

S142. Methods of Teaching Botany and Botanical Nature Study 
in the Field. — This course will be conducted almost entirely in the 
field. It will include methods of identification, plant societies, rela- 
tions of plants to environmental factors, special adaptations, and 
methods of collecting and preserving materials for indoor work. 
Two semester hours. 

S82. Bird Study. — This course consists of a study of about sixty 
species of birds in their natural surroundings supplemented by dis- 
cussion of their habits and classification, their economic value and 
methods for their protection and study. 


S18. General Chemistry. — An introduction to the study of chem- 
istry, including a study of the elements, their classification and 
properties, and a study of the important compounds of each element. 
During the course constant reference is made to manufacturing and 
industrial processes, and interpretation of the phenomenal material 
development of the present century is made in the light of the rapid 


increase in chemical knowledge. The laboratory work of the course 
includes about 100 carefully selected experiments. Two hours lectures 
or recitations and three hours of laboratory work daily. Text, 
Holmes' General Chemistry. Laboratory Fee $16.00. 

S28. Organic Chemistry. — A study of the sources, classification 
and type reactions of organic materials, of foodstuffs and their rela- 
tion to nutrition, dyes, pharmaceuticals, explosives, petroleum prod- 
ucts, coal tar intermediates, manufacturing processes and recent 
developments in this field of chemistry. The course will include a 
carefully selected series of demonstrations, the display of a large 
number of representative materials and the use of a large number of 
charts prepared especially for the course. A knowledge of the ele- 
ments of chemistry will be assumed. The laboratory work of the 
course consists of about sixty experiments covering the preparation 
and study of a wide range of representative compounds. Two hours 
of lectures and recitations and three hours of laboratory work daily. 
Laboratory Fee $24.00. 

S122. Introduction to Teaching. — An introductory course for 
prospective teachers, intended also to enable students to decide 
whether they have an interest in professional education, and to in- 
troduce the citizen to the problems of one of the most important 
institutions in a democracy. Some of the topics considered are; 
Teaching as an Occupation; The Materials cf Education; Nature's 
Provisions for Learning; The Outcomes of Teaching and Learning. 
Two semester hours. 

S92. Philosophy of Education. — This course aims to orientate 
the teacher and to supply a basis for constructive thinking in the 
field of education. It will include a discussion of the aims and 
methods of public education from the modern point of view. Various 
theories in education will be considered. The class will consider 
the changes that have been brought about in educational conceptions 
as they have been influenced by modern industrial, social and scien- 
tific development. Two semester hours, 

S202. The Junior High School. — After a brief consideration of 
the history of education in the L'^nited States and of the demands 
for reorganization- of the school system, different forms of organi- 
zation and administration are discussed. Such topics as preparation 
of teachers, curricula, course of study, and schedule making are 
considered and careful attention is given to the problems of adoles- 
cence, vocational guidance and industrial training. Two semester 


S242. School Administration. — A course dealing with essential 
principles in the organization, financing and government of village 
and city school systems. The several agencies involved — school 
boards, superintendent, principals, teachers, classification of pupils, 
etc., administrative methods of selected schools, and recent literature 
on the subject, will receive consideration. Lectures, discussions, 
oral and written reports. Two semester hours. 

S12. History of Education in the United States. — A study of 
education in the colonial times, early attempts at organization of 
systems of education, the history of the elementary school; the 
Latin grammar school; the Academy; the history and growth of the 
American High School; and the present school system. Two 
semester hours. 

S252. General Methods of Teaching in High Schools.— The pur- 
pose of this course is to consider some of the most vital problems 
confronting the high school teacher, such as discipline, elimination 
of waste in the classroom; grading of pupils; types of examinations; 
methods of the classroom period; and devices for increasing the 
efficiency of the classroom teacher. Two semester hours. 

S32. — Principles of Secondary Education. — The high school pupils, 
their ph^-sical and mental traits, individual differences, and the 
make-up of the high school population; the secondarj^ school as an 
institution, its history-, its relation to elementary education, and to 
higher education; social principles determining secondary education; 
aims and functions of secondary- education; the curriculum; the 
place, function, and value of the several subjects of the curriculum; 
organization and management of the high school. Two semester 

S152. Educational Psychology. — Emphasis on the topics of gen- 
eral psychology which form the basis for a study of the problems 
of education. Special emphasis will be given to innate tendencies; 
individual differences; their measurement; their significance; and 
the learning process. Two semester hours. 

S72. Child Psychology. — A course dealing with the characteris- 
tics of original nature; innate tendencies and instincts; general ten- 
dencies, habits and learning of children; cross-sections of child life 
at various ages; the exceptional child. Two semester hours. 

S162. Teaching of General Science. — This course aims to explain 
the natural phenomena of everyday life in terms of laws and prin- 
ciples of science. It attempts also to give the student a more 
accurate knowledge of his science experiences and a keener appre- 
ciation of the work and methods of scientists. The course includes 


lectures, apparatus, demonstrations, reference reading, excursions 
and laboratory work. It is especially designed to take up such topics 
as are treated in text books used in this course in Pennsylvania, Two 
semester hours. 

Si 32. Observation and Practice Teaching. — This course is de- 
signed to give students opportunity to make systematic observation 
of high school teaching and to do practice teaching under super- 
vision. When taken with the course on Methods of Teaching in 
High Schools it will meet the requirement for a State Provisional 
Certificate. Reports, lesson plans and conferences. 

Educational Sociology. See Sociology. 

Special Method Courses. See Biology, English, French, Mathe- 


5102. Tennyson and Browning. — One hour per day. This course 
is intended to furnish an intensive survey of the works of the authors 
with a view to the relation of their work to the great movements 
of their time. Two semester hours. 

Si 12. Carlyle and Ruskin. — One hour per day. This course is 
designed to furnish the student with a knowledge of some of the 
fundamental forces that have entered into the English life of the 
past 75 years. The development of the social note will be stressed. 
Two semester hours. 

5103. Arnold and Swinburne. — One hour per day. This course 
will deal with the phases of the literature of doubt that arose in the 
last half of the nineteenth century. Two semester hours. 

Sl2a. Theory and Practice of English Composition. The aim of 
this course is to improve the student's ability to convey information 
and to present ideas consecutively and persuasively. 

S12b. Theory and Practice of English Composition. This course 
emphasizes the composition of images and treats of the forms of 
imaginative writing. 

Students desiring a year's credit in College composition must 
take S12a and S12b. 

S522. American Literature. — This course is a survey of Ameri- 
can literature from the Colonial period to the present. 

S142. Library Science. — This course has a three fold purpose: 
first, to give instruction in the general use of a library and knowl- 
edge of the most useful reference books; second, to give the first 
principles of book selection as a basis of recommending books to 
students; third, as the school library movement in Pennsylvania is 


growing, and as there are few trained school hbrarians available, it is 
to give the first principles of organization and administration of such 

S192. This course aims to explain the natural phenomena of 
everyday life in terms of laws and principles of science. It attempts 
also to give the student a more accurate knowledge of his science 
experiences and a keener appreciation of the work and methods of 
scientists. The course includes lectures, apparatus demonstrations, 
reference readings, excursions and laboratory work. It is especially 
designed to take up such topics as are treated in text books used for 
this course in the high schools of Pennsylvania. Two semester 

S02. Elementary French. — This course is intended for those who 
begin French in College. Its aim is to enable the student to write 
simple French sentences, to carry on a conversation in easy French, 
and to read French of ordinary difficulty. College credit of tw^o 
semester hours will be granted for this course, but it cannot be 
counted toward a Major. Eraser & Squair, French Grammar; Daudet, 
Contes choisis. 

S12. First year French. — This course includes a drill in French 
pronunciation and grammar, with exercises in dictation and com- 
position. Several easy texts will be read. Two semester hours. 

S22. Second year French. — Grammar, composition, dictation, and 
the reading and interpretation of texts of intermediate difficulty. 
Two semester hours. 

S52. Advanced Conversation & Prose Composition. — This course 
is intended to promote fluency in conversation, and will include the 
writing of short essays in French. Two semester hours. 

Advanced courses in French Literature, for undergraduate or 
graduate credit, will be arranged if there is sufficient demand. 

Note. — French conversation at table in the Dining Hall will be 
arranged if desired. 

S02. Elementary German.— A beginner's course in German gram- 
mar, including the study of forms and syntax, with the composition 
of easy sentences, and the reading of some simple German prose. 
Two semester hours. 

S12. Intermediate German.— Grammar, composition, and the 
reading and interpretation of texts of intermediate difficulty. Two 
semester hours. 



S102. The Roman Republic. — A study of the political and con- 
stitutional history of the Roman Republic. Causes and motives 
will be discussed, with the idea of relating ancient experience to 
modern problems of government. Two semester hours. 

SI 12. Europe, 1648-1815. — A study of European history from 
the Peace of Westphalia to the Battle of Waterloo. Course will be 
conducted by lectures, readings, reports and discussions. Two 
semester hours. 

S122. Europe, 1815-1920. — A study of political movements in 
Europe from the Congress of Vienna to the Treaty of Versailles. 
Course will be conducted in the same manner as SI 12, of which it is 
the sequel. Two semester hours. 

Si 32. European Background of American History. — This course 
is especially planned for those interested in the course of study in 
history in the upper elementary grades. It aims to present the 
larger lines of influence in European History, which preceded the 
discovery of America with particular reference to materials of in- 
struction in intermediate grades. One hour daily. Two semester 


Sl2. College Algebra. — The usual topics will be covered, with 
special attention given to Theory of Equations. 

S22. Plane Trigonometry. — Study of the relations between the 
trigonometric functions; solution of right and oblique triangles; prac- 
tical applications of trigonometry to the determination of heights 
and distances. 

S32. Analytic Geometry. — A study of the equations of the straight 
line, circle, parabola, elHpse, and hyperbola. 

S42. Elementary Differential Calculus. — Differentiation of alge- 
braic and transcendental functions, with applications in determination 
of tangents and normals, solution of problems in maxima and 
minima, etc. 


S12. Economic Theory. — One hour per day. A course in eco- 
nomic theory covering the work of one semester. Two semester 
hours. Offered in 1926. 

S22. Economic Problems. — One hour per day. A study of prac- 
tical economic problems, continuing the work of Economics 12 and 
completing the work of the first year of economics. Two semester 
hours. Offered in 1925. 


S32. Uniform Business Law. — One hour per day. The course is 
a general survey of the field of business law, emphasizing subjects 
covered by uniform statutes. Two semester hours. Offered in 1925. 


S12. Problems in American Democracy. — One hour per day. This 
course is designed especially to meet the needs of public school 
teachers. The aim is to acquaint them, by a short and interesting 
survey, with the field work of the social sciences, and to qualify 
them for more efficient leadership in the social work of the com- 
munity. The work consists of the examination and discussion of 
current social, political and economic problems, their causes and 
effects and proposed solutions. Two semester hours. Offered in 1926. 

S32. American Government and Politics.- — One hour per day. 
This course is designed to give the student a working knowledge 
of the fundamental laws of the federal and state government. Much 
time is given to the study of leading cases. Two semester hours. 
Offered in 1925. 


S12. Educational Sociology. — One hour per day. The course is 
designed primarily for teachers or for persons in the later stages of 
preparation for teaching. As professional moulders of public opinion, 
the members of this class are expected to participate in the discus- 
sion of sociological questions, particularly those with educational 
applications. Two semester hours. Offered in 1925. 


S14. General College Physics. — This course will be half of the 
course in General College Physics to be given in alternate years, 
and will for the year 1925 be concerned with the problems of Me- 
chanics, Heat and Sound. The remainder of the course covering the 
fundamentals of Light and Electricity will be given in 1926. Labora- 
tory fee $5.00. Four semester hours. 

S52. Radio. — Should there be a reasonable number who are in- 
terested in the phenomena attending the transmission of matters 
of public interest by radio, advice to that effect will be appreciated 
and the course will be arranged. Two semester hours. 

Information Blank 

If you are interested in, or expect to attend the Summer Session 
of Lebanon Valley College, the Secretary of the Summer Session will 
esteem it a favor if you will fill out and return to him, as early as 
possible, the form below. In so doing you will not obligate yourself 
in any way, but will greatly help the School in making proper 
arrangements for its work. 

Christian R. Gingrich, Secretary, 
Lebanon Valley College, 
Annville, Pa. 

Dear Sir: 

(I am interested in) (I expect to attend) the Summer Session 
of Lebanon Valley College. Please give me the following informa- 

My purpose in attending the Summer Session is: 

Please (reserve) (do not .reserve) a place for me in the College dor- 
mitories, — the most desirable room available at the time my reserva- 
tion is received. 

I am giving, on the back of this blank, a statement of my training 
and experience. 

Remarks : 

I have the following credits: 
Name of School Name of Course 

No. of Sem. Hrs. 

My experience is as follows: 

Place Grade 


Yours very truly, 

Name in full 

Present address- 
Home address -