ARRISBURG CENTER ALLEY COLLEGE • ELIZABETHTOWN UNDERGRADUATE WORK '!:f:,u:ii|;(tf u:i:i:ki'H7:,:ir 1954*1955 ANNOUNCEMENT • * • HARRISBURG CENTER OF LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE ELIZABETHTOWN COLLEGE UNDERGRADUATE WORK TEMPLE UNIVERSITY GRADUATE WORK 1954*1955 ANNOUNCEMENT 1ARRISBURG ■ PENNSYLVANIA CALENDAR* 1954- 1955 First Semester Registration 4.00-9.00 p.m., Monday, September 20, 1954 Classes begin Monday, September 27, 1954 Second Semester Registration 4.00-9.00 p.m., Tuesday, February 1, 1955 Classes begin Monday, February 7, 1955 * Opening dates for the 1955-56 and 1956-57 semesters will be announcec before the beginning of each school year. COLLEGE CENTER AT HARRISBURG LOCATION The College Center is located at Harrisburg, the capital city of Pennsylvania. Classes will be held in the William Penn Senior High School Building, Third and Division Streets. Lebanon Valley College is situated twenty miles east of Harris- burg, in Annville, Lebanon County. Elizabethtown College is located in the town of the same name, in the northern part of Lancaster County and also twenty miles from Harrisburg. The Center in Harrisburg is in a densely populated section of the state, equi-distant from each campus. Public transportation is available from the neighboring communities. In recognition of the need for graduate work in Education, Temple University has responded to the invitation of Lebanon Valley College and Elizabethtown College to provide a program of graduate study as a part of the offerings of the Center. STATEMENT OF AIMS The Lebanon Valley-Elizabethtown-Temple University Center offers a curriculum designed to meet the academic, vocational and cultural needs of residents of the central Pennsylvania area at both the undergraduate and graduate levels. The Center will present opportunities for educational advance- ment to those whose regular employment permits them to attend classes only during late afternoons and evenings. Course offerings will be chosen from the catalogues of the co-operating institutions. Credits may be transferred to the co-oper- ating and other institutions according to their established regula- tions. The program offered has been planned to serve the needs of those wishing to earn undergraduate or graduate degrees as well as those pursuing courses for vocational or cultural benefits. The teaching staff for the Center will be composed of faculty members from Lebanon Valley and Elizabethtown Colleges and Temple University. ACADEMIC STANDING Lebanon Valley College, Elizabethtown College, and Temple University are fully accredited by the Department of Public Instruc tion of Pennsylvania and by the Middle States Association of i Colleges and Secondary Schools. They are members of the Asso- ciation of American Colleges and of the American Council on Education, and are on the approved list of the Regents of the University of the State of New York. All three institutions are approved by the Veterans Administration for veterans' training under public laws 16, 346, and 550. UNDERGRADUATE DIVISION OFFICERS OF ADMINISTRATION LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE Frederic K. Miller, A.B., A.M., Ph.D President Howard M. Kreitzer, B.S., M.A., Ed.D Dean of the College Ivin B. Moyer Business Manager Carl Y. Ehrhart, B.D Director of Extension ELIZABETHTOWN COLLEGE A. C. Baugher, A.B., B.S., M.S., Ph.D., LL.D President Henry G. Bucher, A.B., Ed.M., Ed.D., Director and Dean of the College K. Ezra Bucher, B.S., M.S Treasurer, Business Manager UNDERGRADUATE FACULTY Bernard H. Bissinger, Ph.D. Associate Professor of Mathematics Henry G. Bucher, Ed.D Dean and Professor of Education K. Ezra Bucher, M.S Assistant Professor of Business Education Robert A. Byerly, A.M. Instructor in Bible Constance P. Dent, M.A Assistant Prof essor of Psychology Anna B. Dunkle, M.A. Assistant Professor of English Carl Y. Ehrhart, B.D Professor of Philosophy Emma Engle, A.B. Instructor in English Alex J. Fehr, A.B Instructor in Political Science Albert L. Gray, Jr., M.B.A., Assista?it Professor of Business Administratioyi Carl E. Heilman, A.M. Associate Professor of Mathematics Elmer B. Hoover, M.Ed., Associate Professor of Education and Teacher Training Gilbert D. McKlveen, D.Ed Professor of Education W. W. Peters, Ph.D Prof essor of Sociology and Psychology G. A. Richie, A.M Professor of Religion Robert C. Riley, M.S., Associate Professor of Economics and Business W. Maynard Sparks, Ed.M Assistayit Professor of Religion George G. Struble, Ph.D Professor of English Earl Weller, M.A histructor in Spanish 5 UNDERGRADUATE INFORMATION SCHEDULE OF UNDERGRADUATE FEES Tuition (per semester hour) $15.00 Fees are due and payable within 10 days after receipt of the bill. Remittance may be sent in accordance with instructions on the bill. Laboratory fees will be charged as indicated under the listing of the individual course. Auditing jee (per semester hour) $7.50 LIMIT OF CREDITS Teachers in service may carry a maximum of six hours of credit per semester as prescribed by the Pennsylvania State Department of Public Instruction. Other students are permitted a maximum of nine hours of credit per semester. Requests for additional hours of credit will be considered on their individual merits. ENROLLMENT The minimum number of registrations for a single class shall be eight, except in unusual cases. Classes meet from 7.00 to 9.00 p.m. ATTENDANCE Each professor shall determine for each class and for each stu- dent when a student's repeated or continued absence from class has jeopardized his class standing with respect to that subject. The pro- fessor will then take counsel with the student regarding his work. If, after this, the student continues to be absent, the professor may, at his discretion, drop the student's name from his class roll. The student may be reinstated only by taking an examination or by giving other evidence, as the professor sees fit to demand, of his ability to continue the course. 6 L COLLEGE CENTER 7 Withdrawal W indicates withdrawal from a course any time within the first ;ix weeks of a semester. If, however, a student withdraws after six weeks, the symbol WP will be entered if his work is satisfactory, ind WF if his work is unsatisfactory. The mark WP will be con- ddered as without prejudice to the student's standing, but the mark /VF will be counted as a grade of 50 in averaging grades. See catalogues of respective institutions for further detailed nformation. UNDERGRADUATE COURSE DESCRIPTIONS LVC EC BUSINESS EDUCATION 19 — Mathematics of Finance— Presents the mathematical principles and operations used in financial work. A detailed study of compound interest, compound discount, and annuities is undertaken. Application of these principles is then made to practical prob- lems of amortization, sinking funds, depreciation, valuations of bonds, and building and loan associ- ations. 22 45a Elementary Mathematical Statistics— Covers graphic representations, averages, dispersion, skewness, cor- relation, curve fitting, normal probability curve, index number, involving problems in social sciences, business administration, and natural sciences. 20 14b Principles of Economics— An introductory course designed to acquaint the student with fundamental economic concepts and principles and to show the relationship of economic theory to current eco- nomic practices. During the second semester spe- cial emphasis is placed upon economic problems arising in agriculture and industry, consumer needs, prices, money and banking, government controls and other economic activities. 35 38a Marketing— Methods and policies of the marketing of agricultural products and the merchandising of manufactured commodities; meaning and impor- tance of marketing distribution; marketing func- tions and the development of marketing methods; price policies and merchandising costs; market anal ysis; an analysis of the merits and defects of the existing distributive organization. 48 48b Industrial and Labor Relations— Includes an evalu- ation of the historical development of the unior movement and the collective bargaining process A study is made of union-management relationship: and procedures for the alleviation of tension, alter natives to force, and the role of government par ticipation and control for the realization of indus trial peace. COLLEGE CENTER 9 LVC EC EDUCATION 20 10b Introduction to Education— An introduction to the field of education through the study of the Ameri- can educational system, the place of the school in society, the training and function of the teacher. — 21a Curriculum in Arithmetic— Includes the mastery of the fundamentals of the subject matter of arith- metic in grades 1 to 8, inclusive, together with the application of the fundamental psychological prin- ciples in teaching the subject and an acquaintance with materials of instruction and textbooks. — 27ab Public School Art— Aims to enable students to teach public school art. It includes drawing, the elemen- tary principles of design, lettering, composition, and color harmony and their application to home, school and community interests. 31 — History and Philosophy of Education— The purpose of this course is to develop an understanding of the three major philosophies, idealism, realism, and pragmatism, and to interpret them as they apply to the student, the teacher, and the administrator. The aims and theories of educational leaders will be analyzed, as well as the content and organization of educational systems and practices. — 37b Curriculum in Science— A study of many of the fundamental facts, principles and laws that every prospective teacher should know in order to under- stand and interpret nature study, health, and geog- raphy, so that he may be able to make this work applicable to the everyday life of the child. This gives the child an acquaintance with the materials that are part of his environment. 30 38b Educational Measurement— Preparation for testing by the classroom teacher is offered through study- ing principles of validity and reliability, appraising and constructing tests, and considering the use of results. Prerequisites: Psychology 20, 23. Labora- tory fee of one dollar. 10 TEMPLE UNIVERSITY LVC 45 EC 32b Visual and Sensory Techniques— Psychological bases for sensory aids; study and appraisal of various aids; use of apparatus; sources of equipment and supplies. Laboratory fee of four dollars. ENGLISH 10ab lOab Composition— A study of the fundamentals of effec- tive English through their practical application in oral and written themes, through class discussion, and through individual conferences. 21 ab 32a American Literature— An attempt, through the study of native authors, to see in perspective the evolving American mind; to observe how Puritan- ism, the Cavalier spirit and the Romantic Movement have contributed to making us what we are; to understand the spiritual resources of which we are the heirs; and to note the development of Ameri- can literature down to the present day. 30ab 40ab Shakespeare— A survey of the English drama from its beginnings to the time of Shakespeare; a study of the life and times of Shakespeare, and an analy- sis of Shakespearean comedy; a study of the Eliza- bethan stage and an analysis of Shakespearean tragedy. HISTORY 24ab 30ab Political and Social History of the United States and Pennsylvania— A survey of American History from the earliest settlements to the Truman Admin- istration. Special attention is given to the history of the colony and state of Pennsylvania. This course is designed to fulfill the state requirements for United States and Pennsylvania History. G.Ed. 32 43a Contemporary World History— Designed to acquaint the student with the general conditions and prob- lems of the period from 1914 to the present. Special emphasis is placed on North America and Europe; a less detailed study is made of South America, the COLLEGE CENTER 11 LVC EC Pacific area, Asia and Africa. Political and eco- nomic aspects of recent history provide the fundamentals of this survey. MATHEMATICS 19 — Mathematics of Finance. (See Business Education) 22 45a Elementary Mathematical Statistics. (See Business Education) — 10a Basic Mathematics— Designed for students who do not have the necessary secondary school work in mathematics or those who need review in such areas. Covers the basic principles of all the courses which should be offered as prerequisites for college algebra. PHILOSOPHY 10 41a Introduction to Philosophy— Intended to introduce the basic problems of philosophy and to produce some appreciation of the role played by philosophy in the whole movement of civilization. An exami- nation is made of current views of the universe and of man, the sources of human knowledge, and the nature of morality, aesthetics, and history. 11 — Introduction to Logic— Introduction to the rules of clear and effective thinking, as well as those of exact communication and the logical use of language. Attention is given both to the classical syllogism of deductive logic and inductive logic and scientific method. The aim of this course is primarily prac- tical, with considerable use being made of exer- cises and problems. POLITICAL SCIENCE 10ab 41b American Government— A survey of the political institutions of the United States with special em- phasis on the national government, but with some consideration of Pennsylvania state and local gov- ernment. 12 TEMPLE UNIVERSITY LVC EC 21 40a International Relations— Designed to acquaint the student with the major factors which influence the relationships of national states today with special emphasis on the more important international or- ganizations presently at work in the world. PSYCHOLOGY 20 10ab General Psychology— Designed to acquaint the stu- dent with the fundamental psychological principles and their application in daily life. Lectures and discussions. 23 30a Educational Psychology— A psychological study of the nature of the learner and the nature of the learn- ing process. The course includes such topics as individual differences, motivation, emotion, and transfer of training. Prerequisite: General Psychology. 21 22b Child Psychology— Includes such phases of child study as infant behavior, child adjustment, and motor and emotional development. Other topics to be discussed include motivation, imagination, language, development, thinking, intelligence, social development, and personality. 30 40a Applied Psychology— A survey of the applications of psychology to the various fields of human rela- tions. Among the areas covered are vocational guidance, human adjustment, public opinion and propaganda, advertising methods, work and effi- ciency, and fatigue. Lectures, discussions, special reports, and field trips. Prerequisite: General Psychology 20. 22 — Mental Hygiene— A study of wholesome and effec- tive personality adjustments including the causes and treatment of the more common social and emo- tional maladjustments. :OLLEGE CENTER 13 VC EC RELIGION 10ab lOab Introduction to English Bible— An appreciative and historical survey of the literature of the Old and New Testaments. 32 30a The Teachings of Jesus— Attempts an intensive study of the religious concepts of Jesus as set forth in the Gospels. 40 10a Principles of Religious Education— A fundamental course investigating some of the theories, principles, and problems of religious education. llab — Introduction to Religion— The purpose of this course is to acquaint the student with the place and significance of religion— what it is and does. In- cluded are studies in the nature of God, the worth of man, science and religion, personal religious liv- ing, the Judaeo-Christian tradition, the place of the Church in modern life, and contemporary prob- lems in the field of religion. SOCIOLOGY 20 10a Introduction to Sociology— The study of culture, social change, and social institutions. This is a pre- requisite for all other sociology courses. 22 43a The Family— The chief problems center in courtship and marriage adjustments, husband-wife types, marriage prediction scales, and parent-child rela- tions. SPANISH 10ab Elementary Spanish— Intended for those who begin Spanish in college. 10 20ab First Year College Spanish— Continuation of high school Spanish or of Elementary Spanish, listed above. GRADUATE DIVISION TEMPLE UNIVERSITY OFFICERS OF ADMINISTRATION Robert Livingston Johnson, A.B., LL.D., L.H.D President Millard E. Gladfelter, A.B., M.A., Ph.D., D.Sc. in Ed., LL.D., Provost and Vice-President Harry A. Cochran, B.S., M.S., Ed.D., LL.D Treasurer Raymond V. Phillips, B.A., Ed.M., Director of the Off-Campus Division FACULTY AT THE HARRISBURG CENTER Joseph S. Butterweck, Professor of Education and Acting Chairman of the Faculty of the Teachers College B.S. in Ed., 1922; M.A., 1924, University of Pennsylvania; Ph.D., 1926, Columbia University. Thomas E. Clayton, Assistant Professor of Secondary Education B.S. in Ed., 1939; Ed.M., 1947, Temple University; Ed.D., 1949, University of Southern California. Robert V. DufTey, Assistant Professor of Elementary Education B.S. in Ed., 1938, Millersville State Teachers College; Ed.M., 1948, Templj University. Anne Edelmann, Assista?it Professor of Education B.S. in Ed., 1937; Ed.M., 1946; Ed.D., 1950, Temple University. Norman Gekoski, Assistant Professor of Psychology B.S. in Ed., 1938; Ed.M., 1948, Temple University; Ph.D., 1952, Ohio Stat* University. Roy B. Hackman, Professor of Psychology B.A., 1933; M.A., 1934, University of Nebraska; Ph.D., 1938, University of Minnesota. John H. Jenny, Associate Professor of Health and Physical Educa cation B.S. in Ed., 1934; Ed.M., 1941; Ed.D., 1953, Temple University. Leslie W. Kindred, Professor of Education B.A., 1928; M.A., 1934; Ph.D., 1938, University of Michigan. Frederick H. Lund, Professor of Psychology A.B., 1921; A.M., 1923, University of Nebraska; Ph.D., 1925, Columbi University. 14 COLLEGE CENTER 15 John M. Mickelson, Assistant Professor of Education B.A., 1939; M.A., 1945, Occidental College; Ed.D., 1947, University of Southern California. Ross L. Neagley, Professor of Education B.S. in Ed., 1929, Shippensburg State Teachers College; M.A., 1933, Columbia University; Ed.D., 1938, Temple University. Harold C. Reppert, Associate Professor of Psychology B.S., 1934, California State Teachers College; M.S., 1942; Ph.D., 1945, Pennsylvania State College. Sydney V. Rowland, Associate Professor of Education B.S., 1914, Temple University; M.A., 1921, University of Pennsylvania. James W. Skelton, Assistant Professor of Education B.S. in Ed., 1936; M.A., 1937; Ph.D., 1947, Ohio State University; LL.B., 1951, Rutgers University Law School. Miriam E. Wilt, Associate Professor of Early Childhood and Ele- mentary Education B.S., 1943; Ed.M., 1945; Ed.D., 1949, Pennsylvania State College. CREDIT All courses offered yield full university credit. Courses carry- ing numbers between 100 and 200 are open to both graduate and undergraduate students; courses numbered 200 or more are intended for graduate students only. Although a student technically may enroll for six credits in any one semester, it is advisable to limit the number of credits to four. Regulations Concerning the Master's Program a. A student wishing to work toward the degree of Master of Education must apply for admission on a form to be secured either from the advisers who will be present on registration day at the Center or from the Teachers College Office, Temple University. The student must send this form, with two copies of his under- graduate transcript, to the Dean of the Teachers College. b. A student registering for the Master's degree has the follow- ing options: first, to earn thirty semester hours in course credit and take a final written examination in the major and minor fields; or second, to earn twenty-four semester hours of credit and to write a thesis. Approximately half of these credits must be in the major field; at least six, preferably eight, must be in the minor field. c. A sheet of instructions concerning procedure may be secured either from the instructors offering courses at the Center or from the Teachers College Office, Temple University. All persons repre- senting Temple University at the Center will be able to supply additional information. Library Temple University is undertaking the establishment of a sub- stantial reference library that will be housed in the William Penn High School. The library will be available for supplementary read ing for the members of the different classes. Fees The tuition is $15.00 per semester hour for undergraduate credit and $20.00 per semester hour for graduate credit. All fees must be paid at the time of registration. Veterans intending to use the "G.I." bill should have their letter of eligibility to Temple University unless courses have been taken within the 16 -,^ COLLEGE CENTER 17 year and the letter is in the possession of the Veterans Office at Temple University. Registration Representatives of Temple University will register students for their courses in the William Penn High School on Tuesday, September 21, 1954, from 4 p.m. to 6 p.m. and from 7 p.m. to 9 p.m. Classes for the first semester will begin the week of Sep- tember 27, 1954. COURSE OFFERINGS* 1954- 1955 EARLY CHILDHOOD AND ELEMENTARY EDUCATION 145x. Social Studies in the Modern Elementary School. (2 s. h.) Second semester. Assistant Professor Duffey The place of the social studies in the curriculum; the school as a labora- tory community; the use of community resources, and practical aids to teachers in the organization of content, utilization of materials, and direc- tion of instruction. All elementary school levels are covered from kinder- garten through grade six. Emphasis is planned to suit the needs of students taking the course. 149x. Science in the Elementary School. (2 s. h.) Second semes- ter. Assistant Professor Duffey Designed primarily for classroom teachers and supervisors of science in the elementary school, but also suitable for teachers of the pre-school and junior high school grades. Content and activities of the course center around the science interests of children and ways in which classroom teachers can nurture these interests. Course aims to increase the facility of teachers in helping children to pro- gress in their ability to use the methods and findings of science in their everyday thinking and acting. Includes field trips and visits to local institutions. Illx. Health and Physical Education in the Elementary School. (2 s. h.) First semester. Associate Professor Jenny The course is designed for classroom teachers. Consideration will be given to objectives, program, organization, equipment, and facilities. 112x. Health and Physical Education in the Elementary School. (2 s. h.) First semester. Associate Professor Jenny Lectures, assignments, unit planning, appraisal of teaching materials and visual aids suitable for the elementary school. Direct and incidental health instruction procedures are considered as they fit into the total health program. EDUCATIONAL ADMINISTRATION 27 Ix. Public Relations. (2 s. h.) First semester. Professor Kindred An introduction to school public relations that may be taken to advantage by teachers as well as administrators. # Unless indicated otherwise, all offerings are semester courses. 18 COLLEGE CENTER 19 PSYCHOLOGY 159x. Techniques of Educational Measurement and Psychological Diagnosis. (2 s. h.) Second semester. Associate Professor Reppert Demonstrations of clinical techniques for the Revised Stanford Binet Scales, the Wechsler-Bellevue Scales, and related measures will be pre- sented. Emphasis will be placed upon evaluation and interpretation of results obtained from demonstrations. The use of educational and psycho- logical measures as a better means for objectively evaluating and diag- nosing behavior will be stressed. I62x. Psychological Problems of Children with Mental and Physi- cal Handicaps. (2 s. h.) Second semester. Associate Professor Reppert A survey course designed to give the teacher an introduction to excep- tional children. School problems and vocational needs of typical children are considered. Emphasis is placed upon the psychological and educa- tional problems of the feeble-minded, blind, partially sighted, deaf, hard- of-hearing, and the speech handicapped, and behavior deviant. 163x. Psychology of Adolescence. (2 s. h.) First semester. Professor Lund A study of typical problems of youth in the process of development from childhood to maturity. I71x. Abnormal. (2 s. h.) First semester. Professor Lund A study of the different forms of mental abnormality including their symptoms, diagnosis and treatment. Attention will be centered on the psychoses, the neuroses and mental deficiency. SECONDARY EDUCATION I03x. The Junior High School. (2 s. h.) First semester. Professor Kindred An analytical study of the junior high school today. Its history, philos- ophy, organization, administration and program will be considered in detail and recommendations will be made concerning its place in a modern school system. 205x. Critique in Secondary Education. (2 s. h.) Second semes- ter. Professor Butterweck (Undergraduates may take this course with the permission of the instructor.) An appraisal of secondary education under the following topics: the lag between declared objectives and present practices; the leaven at work in various educational enterprises which affect secondary education; changes in thought in the fields of psychology, sociology, and philosophy; the effect which this leaven and these changes in thought have in the creation of new secondary schools. 20 TEMPLE UNIVERSITY 143x. Unified Curriculum. (2 s. h.) Second semester. Professor Butterweck Designed to aid teachers in developing an experience curriculum for the secondary school. Although the theory of the integrated or core program will be developed, much of the class time will be devoted to a co-opera- tive evaluation of the curricula which the members of the group are in the process of developing for the age groups in which they are interested. 1955- 1956* EARLY CHILDHOOD AND ELEMENTARY EDUCATION 167x. The Elementary School Curriculum. (2 s. h.) First semes- ter. Associate Professor Wilt Major attention will be given to skill subjects. Research studies which have affected either teaching method or selection of subject matter will be examined in the light of their contributions. Available standard tests will be reviewed and specific teaching and learning difficulties will be pointed out. Designed for both teachers and supervisors in the elemen- tary field; may be applied both to the teaching certificate and to the State Department of Public Instruction of Pennsylvania. The required reading will include a basic list and individual assignments directed toward specific teaching or supervisory problems. 177x. Creative Expression. (2 s. h.) First semester. Associate Professor Wilt Deals with the creative aspects of education and the child as a potential creator. Discussion of creative work in art, music, literature and dramatics. EDUCATIONAL ADMINISTRATION |201 x. The Principal and His School. (2 s. h.) Second semester. Professor Neagley This is a technical course emphasizing the principal's role in the organiza- tion and administration of an elementary school. f202x. The Principal and His School. (2 s. h.) Second semester. For description see 20ix above. Professor Neagley PSYCHOLOGY 123x. Current Problems in Educational Psychology. (2 s. h.) Second semester. Professor Lund A review of recent literature in the field with emphasis on psycho- dynamics and the special conditions which activate and give direction to the educational process. * Unless indicated otherwise, all offerings are semester courses. t 201x and 202x comprise a year course. Both 201x and 202x may be taken concurrently. ZOLLEGE CENTER 21 130x. Aptitude Testing. (2 s. h.) First semester. Assistant Professor Gekoski Designed to survey the aptitude testing field. Emphasis is on use and interpretation rather than on construction of aptitude tests. It will be adapted to school work in vocational guidance and personnel work in schools and business. Demonstrations of the most commonly used aptitude tests. 135x. The Psychology of Human Relations in Supervision. (2 s. h.) First semester. Designed for both teachers and administrators in elementary and second- ary education. Includes such areas as motivation, attitudes, perception, individual differences and related topics. Particular attention will be directed toward the effects of these concepts on the relationships that teachers have with students, other teachers, their supervisors, parents and other people in the community. Includes practical illustrations from the teachers' experiences and practices in developing human relation skills in dealing with people. I81x. Emotion and Personality. (2 s. h.) Second semester. Professor Lund A study of the nature and development of emotional life of the individual, the physiological and glandular basis of the emotional processes, the sig- nificance of these processes for learning and development, and relation between man's emotional nature and his chief personality traits. SECONDARY EDUCATION lllx. Student Activities. (2 s. h.) Second semester. Associate Professor Rowland Typical units: why student activities are necessary, the homeroom; guidance; pupil participation in school controlled clubs; the assembly; publications. Intended for those who are already familiar with the practices of second- ary schools and who are seeking specific aid in adjusting themselves to the so-called extra-curricular activities program. 119x. Developmental Tasks in Secondary Schools. (2 s. h.) First semester. Assistant Professor Clayton Attempts to help teachers apply their knowledge of the nature of adoles- cent behavior to the problems of adjustment to school. Case studies of individual pupils will provide the basis for the needs of analysis of behavior. The influence of the adolescent's early and immediate social environment and the implications of this on school practice will constitute the course content. 161x. Methods and Teaching. (2 s. h.) First semester. Assistant Professor Clayton Designed to help each student clarify a consistent theory of learning and teaching practices consonant with it. Experimental evidence concerning various teaching methods and their validity in the light of our knowledge 22 TEMPLE UNIVERSITY of learning will be introduced. Students will be encouraged to draw upon their own teaching and learning experiences as source material for consideration. (This is one of the five basic courses in Secondary Education.) 165x. Progressive Movement in Secondary Education. (2 s. h.) Second semester. Associate Professor Rowland To aid teachers and administrators in understanding the basic changes which are now taking place in our secondary schools and to help them introduce those changes into their respective schools. Integration of subject matter, the unification of the curriculum, and the adjustment of instructional material to the needs of pupils will be discussed. 1956- 1957* EARLY CHILDHOOD AND ELEMENTARY EDUCATION 268x. The Elementary School Curriculum. 2 s. h.) Second semester. Assistant Professor Duffey Major attention will be given to skill subjects. Research studies which have affected either teaching method or selection of subject matter will be studied in the light of their contributions. Available standard tests will be reviewed, and specific teaching and learning difficulties will be pointed out. Designed for both teachers and supervisors in the elementary field; may be applied both to the teaching certificate and to the State Department of Public Instruction of Pennsylvania. Required reading will include a basic list and individual assignments directed toward specific teaching or supervisory problems. EDUCATION 152x. Philosophy of Education. (2 s. h.) First semester. Assistant Professor Skelton A study of the significant educational "theories" of today and their implications for democratic education. The primary purpose of the course is to have each student work out his own functional philosophy of education. 155x. Conceptions of Mind in Education. (2 s. h.) First semester. Assistant Professor Skelton An investigation into, and an analysis of the semantic and experimental difficulties implicit in "communication". Specifically, this course will direct attention to various psychological and linguistic "blocks" which, at all levels of education, tend to disprove the widespread assumption that teacher-pupil "communication" is a relatively easy attainment. * Unless indicated otherwise, all offerings are semester courses. COLLEGE CENTER 23 EDUCATIONAL ADMINISTRATION 21 lx. Supervision. (2 s. h.) Second semester. Professor Kindred This course deals with principles, programs, and practices directed toward the improvement of instruction and growth of teachers in service. 261x. Personnel Administration. (2 s. h.) Second semester. Professor Kindred A study of personnel problems and practices in school systems. 291x. Practicum in Administration. (2 s. h.) Second semester. Assistant Professor Duffey The purpose of this course is to give the student practical experience in administrative work. A minimum of sixty clock hours in one semester must be spent on this work. It must be done under supervision in a local school system according to a definite schedule that is approved by the administrator of the school concerned and the instructor. PSYCHOLOGY 116x. Introduction to Educational and Vocational Guidance. (2 s. h.) First semester. Professor Hackman Planned to (a) develop in the teacher, administrator, and counselor an appreciation of the nature and scope of the guidance movement; (b) show the increased need for guidance due to changing conditions; and (c) acquaint those concerned with methods of functioning in everyday situations. 145x. Case Work Methods for Guidance Counselors. (2 s. h.) First semester. Professor Hackman A study of techniques for developing case histories and case studies for individual counseling and case conferences, including a survey of current diagnostic and counseling methods. This course will be of special interest to full time counselors, teacher-counselors, and other school personnel engaged in guidance activities. SECONDARY EDUCATION 115x. Homeroom Guidance. (2 s. h.) Second semester. Assistant Professor Edelmann The application of some of the principles and techniques of group dynamics to the special group situation of the homeroom. An analysis of actual problems will be made and the course will be centered on these problems. 141x. Modern Teaching Methods in the Secondary Schools. (2 s. h.) Second semester. Assistant Professor Edelmann A general methods course for prospective secondary school teachers. It presupposes a knowledge of Educational Psychology and a familiarity with the academic subject matter which the student is preparing to teach. 24 TEMPLE UNIVERSITY 173x. Curriculum Practices. (2 s. h.) First semester. Assistant Professor Mickelson Examination and appraisal of curriculum practices now extant in Ameri- can secondary education. A philosophy of education and guiding prin- ciples of curriculum organization will be developed and used to evaluate the most important types of modern secondary school curricula. (This is one of the five basic courses in Secondary Education.) 179x. Curriculum Materials. (2 s. h.) First semester. Assistant Professor Mickelson Deals with all types of curriculum materials for the secondary school. Work of the class will include surveys of recent high school texts, reports, sources of supplementary materials, etc. Those taking the course will be expected to complete a collection of supplementary materials for their own use. Attention will also be given to methods for utilizing supplementary materials.