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irrisburg Center 







Harrisburg • Pennsylvania 

arrisburg Center 






Harrisburg • Pennsylvania 


1955- 1956 

First Semester 

Registration 4.00-9.00 p.m., Tuesday, September 20, 1955 

Classes begin Monday, September 26, 1955 

Second Semester 

Registration 4.00-9.00 p.m., Tuesday, Februar\' 7, 1956 j 

Classes begin Monday, February 13, 1956 

* Opening dates for the 1956-57 and 1957-58 semesters will be announced 
before the beginning of each school year. 



The College Center is located at Harrisburg, the capital city 
of Pennsylvania. Classes will he held in the William Penn Senior 
High School Building, Third and Division Streets. 

Lebanon X^alley College is situated t\\ enty miles east of Harris- 
burg, in Annville, Lebanon County. Elizabethtow n College is 
located in the town of the same name, in the northern part of 
Lancaster Count)' and also tw enty miles from Harrisburg. 1 he 
Center in Harrisburg is in a densely populated section of the stare, 
equi-distant from each campus. Public transportation is available 
from the neighboring communities. 

In recognition of the need for graduate work in Education, 
Temple University has responded to the invitation of Lebanon 
Valley College and Elizabethtow n College to provide a program 
of graduate stud\ as a part of the offerings of the Center. 


The Lebanon Valley-Elizabethtown-Temple University Center 
offers a curriculum designed to meet the academic, vocational and 
cultural needs of residents of the central Pennsylvania area at both 
the undergraduate and graduate levels. 

The Center will present opportunities for educational advance- 
ment to those whose regular employment permits them to attend 
classes only during late afternoons and evenings. 

Course offerings will be chosen from the catalogues of the 
co-operating institutions. Credits may be transferred to the co- 
operating and other institutions according to their established regula- 
tions. The program offered has been planned to serve the needs of 
those wishing to earn undergraduate or graduate degrees as well as 
those pursuing courses for vocational or cultural benefits. 

The teaching staff for the Center will be composed of faculty 
members from Lebanon Valley and Elizabethtown Colleges and 
Temple University. 


Lebanon Valley College, Elizabethtown College, and Temple 
University are fully accredited by the Department of Public Instruc- 
tion of Pennsylvania and by the Middle States Association of 
Colleges and Secondary Schools. They are members of the Asso- 
ciation of American Colleges and of the American Council on 
Education, and are on the approved list of the Regents of the 
University of the State of New York. All three institutions are 
approved by the Veterans Administration for veterans' training 
under public laws 16, 346, and 550. 



Frederic K. Miller, A.B., A.M., Ph.D., Litt.I). President 

Howard iVl. Kreitzer, B.S., A.M., Ed.D Dean of the Collefre 

Ivin B. Moxer Business Manager 

Carl V. Ehrhart, B.I^., Ph.I^. Director of Extension 


A. C. Baugher, A.B., B.S., M.S., Ph.D., LL.D President 

Henr\ G. Bucher, A.B., Ed.M., Ed.D., 

Director and Dean of the Collej^e 
Wilbur E. Weaver, B.S., M.Ed. Business Manairer 


Bernard H. Bissinger, Ph.D. Associate Professor of Mathematics 

Henr\- G. Bucher, Ed.D. Dean and Professor of Education 

Robert A. Byerly, A.M Assistant Professor of Bible 

Anna B. Dunkle, Ph.D. Assistant Prof essor of English 

Carl Y. Ehrhart, B.D., Ph.D Prof essor of Philosophy 

Emma Fmgle, A.B Instructor in English 

Alex J. Fehr, A.B. Instructor in Political Science 

Albert L. Gray, Jr., M.B.A., 

Assistant Professor of Business Administration 

Carl E. Heilman, A.M. Associate Professor of Mathe/uatics 

Elmer B. Hoover, Ed.M., 

Associate Professor of Education and Teacher Training 
Jean O. Love, Ph.D. Assistant Professor of Psychology 

Gilbert D. McKlveen, Ed.D. Professor of F.dtication 

Robert H. Newall, A.M Assistant Professor of English 

G. A. Richie, A.AI. Professor of Religion 

Robert C. Riley, M.S., 

Associate Professor of Economics and Business 
Elliott iM. Rudw ick, A.M. Professor of Sociology and l\';ychology 
Robert W. Smith, A.M. . Assistant Professor of Music Education 

W. Alaynard Sparks, Ed.M. Assistant Professor of Religi(fn 

George G. Struble, Ph.D Professor of English 





Tuition (per semester hour) $15.00 

All fees must be paid at the time of registration. 

Laboratory fees will be charged as indicated under the listing of 
the individual course. 

Auditing fee (per semester hour) $7.50 


Teachers in service may carry a maximum of six hours of credit 
per semester as prescribed by the Pennsylvania State Department of 
Public Instruction. Other students are permitted a maximum of nine 
hours of credit per semester, provided they are maintaining a B 


The minimum number of registrations for a single class shall 
be eight, except in unusual cases. The Undergraduate Division 
reserves the right to withdraw any course for which there is an 
insufficient enrollment. 


Each professor determines for each class and for each stu- 
dent when a student's repeated or continued absence from class has 
jeopardized his class standing with respect to that subject. The pro- 
fessor takes counsel with the student regarding his work. If, after 
this, the student continues to be absent, the professor may, at his 
discretion, drop the student's name froiu his class roll. The student 
may be reinstated only by taking an examination or by giving other 
evidence, as the professor sees fit to demand, of his ability to con- 
tinue the course. 



W indicates withdrawal from a course anv time \\ ithin the first 
six weeks of a semester. If, however, a student w ithdraws after six 
weeks, the symbol WP will be entered if his work is satisfactory, 
and WF if his w ork is unsatisfactory. 

See catalogues of respective institutions for further detailed 


Any student intending to earn a degree at Lel)anon X'alley 
College shall declare his intention b\ matriculating for a degree 
no later than a time when he has accumulated thirty semester hours 
credit. At this time he shall declare a major department of concen- 
tration. At the same time, he will be assigned an adviser. An\' stu- 
dent not matriculating for a degree upon earning thirty credits may 
lose credits alreadx' accumulated toward a degree. 



19 — Mathematics of Finance. 

(See Mathematics) 

12 45a Elementary Statistics. 

(See Mathematics) 

— 46b Advanced Business Statistics— This course includes 

the methodology of time series analysis including 
the trend, the cyclical fluctuations and the seasonal 
variation; the methods of correlative analysis. 

10 37a Economic Geography— The course deals with the 

field and function of economic geography; distri- 
bution of population; the earth; land forms; influ- 
ence of soils; temperature and climates of the world. 
Stress will be laid on the commodities of world 
trade, raw materials and their marketing and trans- 
portation. First seviester. 

11 — American Business and Industry— An analysis of 

our business system as a whole and a presentation of 
business in its relation to the broader aspects of 
national life. This course is valuable to all students, 
whether or not they are majoring in business. 
Second seviester. 

20 14b Principles of Economics— An introductory course 

designed to acquaint the student with fundamental 
economic concepts and principles and to show the 
relation of economic theory to current economic 
practices and problems. Throughout the year. 

36 30a Money and Banking— This course deals with the na- 

ture and function of money; monetary standards 
and systems; monetary development in the United 
States; the National banking s\'stem; the structure 
and functions of the Federal Reserve System; com- 
mercial banking; credit, its uses and control. First 

37 — Public Finance— F.conomic functions of the state; 

federal and state expenditures; budgetary control; 
nature of taxation; the various t\-pes of taxes and 
their problems; public debts and their redemption. 
Second seinester. 



48 48b Industrial and Labor Relations— Includes an evalua- 

tion of the historical development of the union 
movement and the collective bargaining process. A 
study is made of union-management relationships 
and procedures for the alleviation of tension, alter- 
natives to force, and the role of government partici- 
pating and control for the realization of industrial 


20 10b Introduction to Education— An introduction to the 

field of education through the stud\" of the Amer- 
ican educational system, the place of the school in 
societ\'. the training and function of the teacher. 

30 38b Educational Measurement— Preparaticm for testing 

by the classroom teacher is offered through stud\ - 
ing principles of validit\' and reliability appraising 
and constructing tests, and considering the use of 
results. Prerequisites: Psychology- 20. 2 3. Lalxira- 
tory fee, $1.00. 

45 32b Visual and Sensory Techniques— Psychological bases 

for sensory aids; study and appraisal of various 
aids; use of apparatus; sources of equipment and 
supplies. Laboratory fee, $4.00. 

49 — Special Methods in Secondary Education— The 

course covers the various approaches that may be 
used in secondary teaching. Techniques of teach- 
ing are demonstrated and successful high school 
teachers are invited to the class to share their 
methods of teaching. 

21 — Music in the Elementary School— A course planned 

for teachers expected to teach music in the ele- 
mentary grades. Content of the course includes: 
Fundamentals of music for purpose of reading 
music, study of child voice, stud\' of what to in- 
clude in teaching on the different grade levels, the 
methods of teaching it, and a sur\e\' of the litera- 
ture used in the public schools for this purpose. 




lOab lOab 

20ab 41 ab 

30ab 40ab 

24ab 30ab 

Pol. Sc. 



Curriculum in Arithmetic— Includes the mastery of 
the fundamentals of the subject matter of arithmetic 
in grades 1 to 8, together with the application of 
the fundamental psychological principles in teach- 
ing the subject, and an acquaintance with materials 
of instruction and textbooks. 

Public School Art— Aims to enable students to teach 
public school art. It includes drawing, the elemen- 
tary principles of design, lettering, composition, 
and color harmony and their application to home, 
school and community interests. 


Composition— A study of the fundamentals of effec- 
tive English through their practical application in 
oral and written themes, through class discussion, 
and through individual conferences. 

World Literature— A stud}' of a selected group of 
literary masterpieces that are significant in world 
culture. This course, along with Ethics (Philosophy 
30), meets the Humanities requirement for Exten- 
sion students matriculated at Lebanon V'alley. 

Shakespeare— A survey of the English drama from 
its beginnings to the time of Shakespeare; a study 
of the life and times of Shakespeare, and an analysis 
of Shakespearean comedy; a study of the Elizabe- 
than stage and an analysis of Shakespearean tragedy. 


Political and Social History of the United States and 
Pennsylvania— A survey of American History from 
the earliest settlements to the present. Special atten- 
tion is given to the history of the colony and state 
of Pennsylvania. This course is designed to fulfill 
the state requirements for United States and Penn- 
sylvania History. 

Contemporary World Affairs- The purpose of this 
course is to acquaint students with current de- 
velopments in the field of public affairs and cul- 


LVC EC ture. Instruction is given in the use and evaluation 

of various communications media— the daiU news- 
paper, the weekly news magazine, radio and T\^ 
and specialized publications. Special attention is 
given to broad domestic and international prol)leins. 


19 — Mathematics of Finance— Presents the mathematical 

principles and operations used in financial work. 
A detailed study of compound interest, compound 
discount, and annuities is undertaken. Applica- 
tion of these principles is then made to practical 
problems of amortization, sinking funds, deprecia- 
tion, valuations of bonds, and building and loan 

22 45a Elementary Statistics— Covers graphic representa- 
tions, averages, dispersion, skewness, correlation, 
curve fitting, normal probability curve, index num- 
ber, involving problems in social sciences, business 
administration, and natural sciences. 

10 — Introduction to Mathematical Analysis— A unified 

course involving training in concepts of arithmetic, 
algebra, trigonometry, and graphical analysis. The 
nature and significance of mathematics are stressed. 
It may be taken as part of the general college re- 
quirements b\" students who have had at least two 
years of high school Mathematics. 
Any other Mathematics course listed in the College 
catalogues will be given if sufficient demand exists. 


21 — Music in the Elementary School. 

(See Education) 


30 41b Ethics— An inijuirx into the major theories on the 
nature of the good and the good life for man; ex- 
amination of the problems of moral relativism and 
moral freedom; and discussion ot the practical 
problems of moralitx' as thc\' arc encountered in 
personal, political, and economic life, especially as 
these problems arise in the area of policx making. 



lOab 41b American Government— A survey of the political 
institutions of the United States with special empha- 
sis on the national government, but with some con- 
sideration of Pennsylvania state and local govern- 


20 lOab General Psychology— Designed to acquaint the stu- 

dent with the fundamental psychological principles 
and their application in daily life. Lectures and 

23 30a Educational Psychology— A psychological study of 
the nature of the learner and the nature of the 
learning process. The course includes such topics 
as individual differences, motivation, emotion, and 
transfer of training. Prerequisite: General Psy- 

21 22b Child Psychology— Includes such phases of child 

study as infant behavior, child adjustment, and 
motor and emotional development. Other topics 
include motivation, imagination, language, develop- 
ment, intelligences, social development, and per- 

30 40a Applied Psychology— A survey of the applications 
of psychology to the various fields of human rela- 
tionships. Among the areas to be covered are voca- 
tional guidance, public opinion and propaganda, 
advertising methods, work and efficiency, and 
fatigue. Laboratory fee, $2.00. Prerequisite: Gen- 
eral Psychology. 


lOab lOab Introduction to English Bible— An appreciative and 
historical survey of the literature of the Old and 
New Testaments. 

32 30a The Teachings of Jesus— This course attempts an 
intensive study of the religious concepts of Jesus 
as set forth in the Gospels, and especially in the 



20 10a Introduction to Sociology— The study of the facts 

of culture, social change, and social institutions. 
This is a prerequisite for all other sociology courses. 

22 43a The Family— The purpose of this course is to ac- 
quaint the student with the history and general 
social problems of the family, to aid in preparation 
for marriage, and to offer counseling services to 
those already married. 

21 21b Modern Social Problems— This course deals with 

the preventive and remedial aspects of current social 
problems such as neglected children, widowhood, 
divorce, old age, poverty, juvenile delinquenc), 
racial tension, and the like. 


1 lOab Elementary Spanish— Intended for those who begin 

Spanish in college. 

10 20ab First Year College Spanish— Continuation of Ele- 
mentar}' Spanish, listed above. 



Robert Livingston Johnson, iV.B., LL.D., L.H.D. President 

Millard E. Gladfelter, A.B., M.A., Ph.D., D.Sc. in Ed., LL.D., 

Provost and Vice-President 

Sterling K. Atkinson, B.S. in Com., A.M., Ph.D., 

Treasurer and Vice-Provost 
Raymond V. Phillips, B.A., Ed.M., 

Director of the Off-Cavipus Division 


Norman Gekoski, Assistant Professor of Psychology 

B.S. in Ed., 1938; Ed..M., 1948, Temple University; Ph.D., 1952, Ohio 
State University. 

Frederick H. Lund, Professor of Psychology 

AB., 1921; A.M., 1923, University of Nebraska; Ph.D., 1925, Columbia 

John M. Mickelson, Associate Professor of Education 

BA., 1939; M.A., 1945, Occidental College; Ed D., 1947, University of 
Southern California. 

Ross L. Neagley, Professor of Education 

B.S. in Ed., 1929, Shippensburg State Teachers College; M.A., 1933, 
Columbia University; Ed.D., 1938, Temple University. 

E. Elona Sochor, Acting Director of the Reading Clinic 

BS. in Ed., 1940; Ed.AI., 1946; Ed.D., 1952, Temple University. 

Miriam E. Wilt, Associate Professor of Early Childhood and Ele- 
nientary Education 
B.S., 1943; Ed.AI,, 1945; Ed D., 1949, Pennsylvania State University. 


All courses offered yield full university credit. Courses carry- 
ing numbers between 100 and 200 are open to both graduate and 
undergraduate students; courses numbered 200 or more are intended 
for graduate students only. 

Although a student technically ma\' enroll for six credits in 
any one semester, it is advisable to limit the number of credits to 



Regulations Concerning the Master's Program 

a. A student wishing to work toward the degree of Master 
of Education must appl\' for admission on a form to he secured 
either from the advisers w ho will be present on registration day at 
the Center or from the Teachers College Office, Temple University . 
The student must send this form, with two copies of his under- 
graduate transcript, to the Dean of the Teachers College. 

b. A student registering for the .Master's degree has the follow- 
ing options: first, to earn thirt\ semester hours in course credit and 
take a final written examination in the major and minor fields; or 
second, to earn tw ent\-four semester hours of credit and to w rite 
a thesis. 

Approximatelx half of these credits must be in the major field; 
at least six, preferably eight, must be in the minor field. 

c. A sheet of instructions concerning procedure ma\' be secured 
either from the instructors offering courses at the Center or from 
the Teachers College Office, Temple University. All persons repre- 
senting Temple Universitx at the Center will be able to supply 
additional information. 


Temple University is undertaking the establishment <jf a sub- 
stantial reference library that will be housed in the William Penn 
High School. The library w ill be available for supplementar\ read- 
ing for the members of the diff^erent classes. 


The tuition is $15.00 per semester hour for undergraduate credit 
and $20.00 per semester hour for graduate credit. 

All fees must be paid at the time of registration. \'eterans 
intending to use the "G.I." bill should have their letter of eligibility 
sent to Temple University unless courses have been taken w ithin the 
year and the letter is in the possession of the \'eterans Ofiice at 
Temple Universitw 


Representatives of lemple Unixersity will register students 
for their courses in the William Penn High School on 1 ucsda\ , 
September 20, 1955, from 4 p.m. to 6 p.m. and from " p.m. to 
9 p.m. Classes for the first semester will begin the week of 
September 26, 1955. 

Registration for the second semester w ill he held on 1 uesday. 
Februarv 7, 1956. from 4 p.m. to 6 p.m. and trom ~ p.m. to V p.m. 
Classes for the second semester will begin the week ot I'ehru.irx 1 >, 


1955- 1956 


167x. The Elementary School Curriculum. (2 s. h.) First semes- 
ter. Associate Professor Wilt 
Major attention will be given to skill subjects. Research studies which 
have affected either teaching method or selection of subject matter will 
be examined in the light of their contributions. Available standard tests 
will be reviewed and specific teaching and learning difficulties will be 
pointed out. Designed for both teachers and supervisors in the elementary 
field; may be applied both to the teaching certificate and to the S'ate 
Department of Public Instruction of Pennsylvania. The required reading 
will include a basic list and individual assignments directed toward spe- 
cific teaching or supervisory problems. 

177x. Creative Expression. (2 s. h.) First semester. 

Associate Professor Wilt 
Deals with the creative aspects of education and the child as a potential 
creator. Discussion of creative work in art, music, literature, and dra- 


201 X. Elementary School Administration. (2 s. h.) Second semes- 
ter. Professor Neagley 

A technical course emphasizing the principal's role in the organization 
and administration of an elementary school. 

202x. Elementary School Administration. (2 s. h.) Second semes- 
ter. Professor Neagley 

For description see 201.\, above. A continuation of 201\; may be taken 


130x. Aptitude Testing. (2 s. h.) First semester. 

Assistant Professor Gekoski 
Designed to sur\e\ the aptitude testing field. I'mphasis is on use and 
interpretation rarher than on construction. It will be adapted to school 
work in vocational guidance and personnel work in schools and business. 

157x. Psychology of Human Relations in Education. (2 s. h.) 

First semester. Assistant Professor Gekoski 

Designed for both teachers and administrators in elementary and second- 
ary education. The discussion will include such areas as motivation, 




I attitudes, perception, indi\idual differences, and related topics. Particular 

I attention will he directed toward the effects of these concepts on the 

: relationships that teachers have \\ ith students, other teachers, their super- 

: visors, parents, and other people in the communit\'. Includes practical 

illustrations from the teacher's experience and practice in developing 

human relations skills in dealing with people. 

161x. Delinquency — Psychological Aspects. (2s. h.) Second 
semester. Professor Lund 

Deals with obser\ed facts and conditions associated uith juvenile 
delinquency. Materials will be drawn from clinical case studies and from 
related research. Problems of prevention and rehabilitation will be dis- 
cussed in connection with the responsibilities of the courts, the school, 
the home, and the community in dealing with the juvenile offender. 

181x. Emotion and Personality. (2 s. h.) Second semester. 

Professor Lund 
A stud)- of the nature and development of enujtional life of the individual, 
and the plnsiological and glandular basis of the emotional processes; 
the significance of these processes for learning and development; and 
the relation between man's emotional nature and his chief personality 

185x. Foundations of Reading Instruction. (2 s. h.) Second 
semester. Dr. Sochor 

A basic course on reading readiness and initial reading instruction. 
Lectures and demonstrations cover the sequence of language develop- 
ment, factors in readiness for reading, informal procedures and standard- 
ized tests for appraising reading readiness, developmental activities in 
readiness and initial reading, and goals of reading instruction. 

186x. Foundations of Reading Instruction. (2 s. h.) Second 
semester. Dr. Sochor 

A basic course on developmental reading. Lectures and demonstrations 
cover the psychology of the reading process, trends in reading instruc- 
tion, appraisal of reading needs, directed reading activities, development 
: of comprehension and word recognition skills, including phonics and 

structural anahsis. 


173x. Curriculum Practices. (2 s. h.) First semester. 

Associate Professor Mickelson 

Examination and appraisal of curriculum practices now extant in Ameri- 
can sccondar>- education. A philosophy of education and the guiding 
principles of curriculum organization will be developed and used to 
c\ aluate the most important t\pes of modern secondar\' school curricula. 
(This is one of the five basic courses in Secondar\ Kducation.) 


179x. Curriculum Materials. {2 s. h.) First semester. 

Associate Professor iMickelson 
Deals with all types of curriculum materials for the secondary school. 
Work of the class will include surveys of recent high school texts, 
reports, sources of supplementary materials, etc. Those taking the course 
will be expected to complete a collection of supplementary materials 
for their own use. Attention will also be given to methods for utilizing 
supplementary materials.