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Lebanon Valley College 


Vol. 14 (New Series) July, 1925 No. 4 





Entered as Second-Class matter at Annville, Pa., under the Act of August 24. 1912 

Extension School Committee 



Officers of Administration and 


SAMUEL O. GRIMM, B.Pd., A.M Registrar 

SAMUEL H. DERICKSON, M.S., Sc.D., Chairman of Committee 
on Extension School 

HIRAM H. SHENK, A.M Professor of History 

A. B., Ursinus College, 1899; A. M., Lebanon Valley College, 1900; 
Student, University of Wisconsin, summer term; Instructor in Political 
Science, Lebanon Valley College, 1899-1900; Professor of History and 
Political Science, 1900-1916; Custodian of Public Records, Pennsylvania 
State Library, 1916 to date; Instructor in Y. M. C. A. Summer Schools, 
Blue Ridge, N. C, 1916-1920, Silver Bay, 1918, and Lake Geneva, 1921; 
Educational Secretary, Army Y. M. C. A., Camp Travis, 1917-1918; 
Professor of History, Lebanon Valley College, 1920 — 

SAMUEL H. DERICKSON, M.S., Sc.D., Professor of Biological 


B. S., Lebanon Valley College, 1902; graduate student, Johns Hopkins 
University, 1902-1903; M. S., Lebanon Valley College, 1903; Sc.D., 
Lebanon Valley College, 1925; Professor of Biological Science, Lebanon 
Valley College, 1903; Land Zoologist, Bahama Expedition, Baltimore 
Geographical Society, summer 1904; Director, collection of Eocene 
and Miocene Fossils for Vassar College, summer 1908; Student, Marine 
Biology, Bermuda, summer 1909; Student Tropical Botanical Gardens, 
Jamaica, summer 1910; Student Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences, 
summer 1911; Acting President of Lebanon Valley College, summer 
1912; Member American Association for the Advancement of Science, 
The Botanical Society of America, the Phytopathological Society of 

CHRISTIAN R. GINGRICH, A.B., LL.B... <..Pr}ffessor of Social 

Science -,.^_..^--— .„ 

A. B., Franklin and Marshall College, 1911; Principal of High School, 
Alexandria, Pa., 1911-1912; Principal of High School, Linglestown, Pa., 
1912-1913; LL.B., University of Pennsylvania Law School, 1916; Mem- 
ber of Law Bar of Lebanon County and of Pejinsylvania Supreme Court 
Bar; Professor of Political Science and Economics, Lebanon Valley 
College, 1916— 

ANDREW BENDER, Ph.D Professor of Chemistry 

A. B., Lebanon Valley College, 1906; Ph.D., Columbia University, 1914; 
Professor of Chemistry and Physics, Lebanon Valley College, 1907- 
1909; Instructor in Analytical Chemistry, Columbia University, 1912-1914; 
In Industrial Chemistry, 1914-1921; Chief Chemist, Aetna Explosives 
Company; Chemical Director, British American Chemical Company; 
Director of Control Laboratory, The Barrett Company; Professor of 
Chemistry, Lebanon Valley College, 1921— 

ROBERT R. BUTTERWICK, A.M., B.D., D.D., Professor of Phil- 
osophy and Bible 

A. B.. Lebanon Valley College, 1901; A. M., ibid., 1904; B. D., 
Bonebrake Theological Seminary, 1905; D.D., Lebanon Valley College, 
1910; twenty-six years in the Ministry; Professor of Philosophy and 
Religion, Lebanon Valley College, 1921-1922; Professor of Philosophy and 
Bible, 1922— 

HAROLD BENNETT, Ph.D., Josephine Bittinger Eberly Professor of 
Latin Language and Literature 

B. A,, Victoria College, University of Toronto, 1915; military service 
with Canadian Expeditionary Forces, 1915-1918; Fellow in Latin, Uni- 
versity of Chicago, 1919-1921; Ph.D., University of Chicago, 1921; 
Professor of Latin, College of Charleston, Charleston, S. C, 1921-1922; 
Professor of Latin Language and Literature, Lebanon Valley College, 

ETHEL MARY BENNETT, B.A., Professor of French Literature 
and German 

B. A., Victoria College, University of Toronto, 1915; in charge of 
Modern Language Department, Ontario Ladies' College, Whitby, Ont., 
1915-1919; Tutor in French and German, University of Chicago, 1920- 
1921; Graduate Student, Univ. of Chicago, Summer, 1922; Pro- 
fessor of French Literature, Lebanon Valley College, 1922 — 

BRUCE HAMPTON REDDITT, A.M Professor of Mathematics 

A. B., Randolph-Macon College, 1910; A. M., Johns Hopkins University, 
1923; Instructor, Randolph-Macon Academy, Front Royal, Va., 1911-1913; 
Principal, Columbia (La.) High School, 1914-1916; Instructor, Wash- 
ington & Lee University, 1916-1917; Instructor, Baltimore Polytechnic 
Institute, 1917-1919; Assistant in Mathematics, Johns Hopkins University, 
1919-1923; Professor of Mathematics, Lebanon yalley College, 1923 — 
Member of The Mathematical Association of America. 

O. EDGAR REYNOLDS, A.B., M.A., Professor of Education and 

Teacher, Principal and Superintendent of Schools, 1903-1913; Diploma, 
Illinois State Normal University, 1914; A. B., University of Illinois, 
1916; M. A., Columbia University, 1917; Head of the Department of Edu- 
cation and Psychology, College of Puget Sound, 1917-1920; Student Leland 
Stanford University, Summer quarter, 1920; Professor of Psychology and 
Education, University of Rochester, 1920-1923; Student Columbia Uni- 
versity, Summers 1921 and 1922; Completed course and residence require- 
ments for Ph.D. Degree, Columbia University, 1923-1924; Assistant in 
School Administration, Teachers College, Columbia University, Summer 
1924; Professor of Education and Psychology, Lebanon Valley College, 

PAUL A. W. WALLACE, Ph.D Professor of English 

B. A., Victoria College, University of Toronto, 1915; Graduate study, 
Columbia University, summer 1921; M. A., University of Toronto, 1923; 
Ph.D., University of Toronto, 1925; Travel in England and Europe, 
1910-1911, 1914, 1919; Military service with the Canadian Expeditionary 
Force, 1916-1918; Lecturer in English, University of Alberta, 1919-1922; 
Instructor in English, University of Toronto, 1923-1925; Professor of 
English, Lebanon Valley College, 1925. 


FROM time to time members of the Faculty of Lebanon Valley 
College have been called upon to conduct "extension courses" 
in various places, so as to meet the needs of such persons 
as found it impossible to attend the courses given within the college. 
The service developed very naturally, and almost unnoticed. The 
college is always willing and ready to extend its services where they 
are needed and appreciated. To those who have so loyally supported 
and encouraged the success of this movement the college is greatly 
indebted. It hopes to meet this obligation by employing its edu- 
cational facilities in a manner productive of the greatest service to 
those interested in educational advancement. Accordingly, the col- 
lege will be glad to receive requests from groups who desire courses 
other than these, and to arrange, whenever possible, to supply such 
instruction as may be desired. 

The courses offered are, for the most part, intended primarily for 
those engaged in teaching. However, all other qualified persons will 
be admitted to extension courses, and some courses are more or less 
definitely planned to meet the needs or interests of persons outside 
of the teaching group. All courses will be taught by members 
of the College * Faculty, and will be of college grade and 
receive credit as such. Inasmuch as Lebanon Valley College is an 
accredited institution, on the first list of colleges and universities, 
persons who complete these courses may safely assume that their 
credits will be honored wherever they may be presented. The credits 
earned in these courses will be counted by Lebanon Valley 
College towards its Baccalaureate degrees. 


Each class will meet for thirty sessions at the specified time each 
week from September to May, exclusive of Thanksgiving, Christmas 
and Easter recesses. The first meeting of each group will be held 
in the week of September 28. 


Registration may be made at the time and place of the first meet- 
ing of the classes. All those who are interested are invited to 
attend the first meeting of any class, at which time questions may 
be asked and the nature of the work more fully explained. 



(a) For College Credit 

College credit will be given only to those who have fulfilled 
the College Entrance Requirements as described on pages 
26-27 of the regular College Catalogue. 

(b) Without College Credit 

A limited number of persons whose preparation may not meet 
the requirements as set forth above may be admitted to courses 
at the discretion of the instructors. 


An effort is being made by the College to offer in the Extension 
Department and the Summer Session all the General Requirements 
for the Baccalaureate degree. Most of these courses are announced 
for the present year, and the remainder will be made available at 
an early date. In cases where six semester hours are required, the 
departments will normally offer four hours in Extension work 
and a two hour supplementary course in Summer School. The 
residence requirement of one year may be met by attendance at 
Summer School. In this way the Baccalaureate degree will be 
made available to those who are not able to attend the regular 
annual College sessions. 

For the convenience of those working towards a degree, a full 
statement of the requirements is printed below: 


Lebanon Valley College offers three courses of study leading to 
the Baccalaureate degree: 

(1) A course leading to the degree of Bachelor of Arts (A.B.) 

(2) A course leading to the degree of Bachelor of Science (B.S.) 

(3) A course leading to the degree of Bachelor of Science in Edu- 
cation (B.S. in Ed.) 

The total number of credits required of candidates for these 
degrees is the same in each case, and will in 1927 and thereafter 
be 126 semester hours. In the interim the following requirements 
will apply: 1926 — 129 semester hours. 

As part of this total requirement, every candidate must present 
at least 24 semester hours in one department (to be known as his 
Major), and at least 16 semester hours in another department (to 
be known as his Minor). Both Major and Minor must be selected 
not later than the beginning of the Junior year, the Minor to be 


suitably related to the Major, and chosen with the advice and 
approval of the Head of the Major department. 

The A.B. degree will be awarded to those fulfilling the require- 
ment for a Major in the following departments: Bible and New 
Testament Greek, English, French, German, Greek, History, Latin, 
Mathematics (Arts option), Political and Social Science, Philosophy 
and Religion. 

The B.S. degree will be awarded to those fulfilHng the require- 
ments for a Major in the following departments: Biology, Chem- 
istry, Mathematics (Science option). Physics. 

The B.S. in Ed. degree will be awarded to those fulfilling the 
requirements for a Major in Education, but in this case two Minors 
of not less than 16 semester hours each must be presented. 


Certain courses, embodying the fundamentals of a liberal educa- 
tion, are required of all students. These courses, which vary slightly 
according to the degree sought, are as follows: 



B.S. in Ed. 

Bible 14, 54. 

Rible 14, 54. 

Bible 14, 54. 

EngHsh 12, 14, 26. 

English 12, 14, 26. 

English 12, 14, 26. 

*French 16 or 

French 16 or 

French 16 or 

German 16. 

German 16. 

German 16. 

History 46. 

History 46. 

History 46. 

tLatin 16 or 

Mathematics 13, 23, 

Latin 16 or 

Math. 13, 23. 


Math. 13, 23. 

Philosophy 23, 33, or 

Philosophy 13, 23, or 

Psychology 12, 22 

Economics 16 or 

Economics 16 or 

Economics 16 or 

Pol. Science 16 or 

Pol. Science 16 or 

Pol. Science 16 or 

Sociology 16. 

Sociology 16. 

Sociology 16. 

Biology 18 or 

Biology 18. 

Biology 18 or 

Chemistry 18, or 

Chemistry 18. 

Chemistry 18, or 

Physics 18. 

Physics 18. 

Physics 18. 

Physical Education 

Physical Education 

Physical Education 

11, 21. 

11, 21. 

11, 21. 

* Twelve semester hours of Foreign Language are required of all candidates 
for the A. B. degree; six hours of this total must be from French 16 or German 16. 

t Latin is required of all students majoring in English, French, Greek or 

For explanation of numbers used above see the departmental announcements. 


In addition to the General Requirements listed above, some of the 
departments require students majoring therein to take certain addi- 
tional courses in subjects closely related to the Major. 

Students outlining a course for a degree should communicate at 


once with the Head of the Department in which they intend to 

Candidates for the Baccalaureate degree who desire to be admitted 
to advanced standing, by virtue of work done in other institutions, 
should lose no time in having their credits evaluated by the Registrar, 
in order that they may be informed as to what requirements they 
must still meet for graduation. 


Some of the courses offered in the Extension Department may 
be taken for credit towards a Master's degree, provided arrangements 
are made in advance with the instructor. Some extra work will be 
required, such as additional reading, reports, experiments, etc. The 
complete regulations governing graduate work for the degrees of 
A.M. and M.S. may be obtained upon application to the Registrar 
of the College. 


In Harrisburg the classes will meet in the Technical High School. 
Lebanon classes will meet in the Harding Junior High School. 
Classes meeting in the college at Annville are specifically so noted. 

Classes will regularly meet for one two hour period each week, 
the time of meeting to be arranged by the instructor and students 
at the organization meeting of each course. 


Any of the courses announced in this bulletin may be withdrawn 
in case the registration is not sufficient to justify the forming of a 
class. Ten registrations will be considered sufficient for courses to 
be given at Annville, and twenty registrations for courses to be 
given in the other places. 

Harrisburg— -Technical High School Building, Sept. 28, 7:00 P. M. 
Lebanon— Harding Junior High School Building, Sept. 29, 7:00 P. M. 


A fee of $2.00 will be charged for matriculation and registration 
in the case of all who have not previously matriculated in the 
college. The tuition charge for extension courses will be $6.00 for 
each credit point, a point being a semester hour. For example, the 
charge for matriculation and registration in courses leading to eight 
points credit would be $50.00. This is approximately the regular fee 
for tuition in the college. Fees for the first term are due and payable 


on or before October 12 and for the second term, on or before Feb- 
ruary 8. Remittances should be made to Lebanon Valley College, and 
may be sent by mail to Agent of Finance Committee. 

Dr. Derickson 

The Department of Biology aims to offer in extension courses to 
teachers the courses in Biological Science required for graduation 
with the degree of Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science in Edu- 
cation, or in the fulfillment of the requirements of a minor in Biology. 
The courses offered also constitute the first three courses required 
of those majoring in Biology. 

The courses include a course in General Biology, one in Botany 
and one in Zoology. Not all of the courses are offered in the same 
year. The course in General Biology was given in 1923-24. The 
course in Botany was given last year and the course in Zoology 
will be offered in 1925-26. 

While a course in General Biology will prove very helpful to those 
pursuing the courses in Botany and Zoology, the latter are so ar- 
ranged that they may be taken without the former. 

Each of the courses is divided into two parts. Part one consists of 
lectures, demonstrations and recitations. Part two consists of labora- 
tory and field work. 

The following will be offered this year: 

E-38. Zoology. Part One. Two hours. Throughout the year. 
Lectures, demonstrations and recitations. 

The object of the course is to give the student a broad, general 
knowledge of the animal kingdom. The lectures will give a general 
survey of the animal kingdom from the simplest to the most com- 
plex, giving consideration to structure, physiological processes, life 
history, ecological relationships and economic importance. Each 
animal studied will be viewed from the standpoint of its origin and 
constant comparison with others. 

The course, although inculcating the scientific habit of thought, 
will emphasize the cultural rather than the technical aspects of the 
subjects. Credit, 4 semester hours. 

Part Two. Two hours. Throughout the year. Laboratory and 
field work. 

Representatives of practically every class in the animal kingdom 
will be studied in the laboratory with reference to structure and 
Hfe history and in the field to ascertain their ecological relationships. 
In this work the student has the opportunity to get, by personal 


observation, concrete ideas of the principles and generalizations dis- 
cussed in Part One. 

Methods of conducting field work, of collecting materials for 
laboratory and reserving same for museum or demonstration, the 
preparation of microscopic slides, etc., are included in this part of 
the course. Credit, 4 semester hours. 

The laboratory work is given only at the college laboratory at 
Annville, where every modern facility for conducting the work is 
provided. Each student is furnished with compound microscope, 
dissecting instruments, apparatus for experiments, note book and 
drawing materials, for which a laboratory fee of six dollars per 
semester is charged in addition to the tuition for the course. Field 
trips are made to several points of interest. Materials are available 
for those who desire to prepare specimens for use in teaching. 

Dr. Bender 

The college offers this year two lecture demonstration courses in 

E-14. General Chemistry. Two hours. Throughout the year. An 
introduction to the study of chemistry, including a study of the ele- 
ments, their classification and properties, and a study of the important 
compounds of each element. During the course constant reference is 
made to manufacturing and industrial processes, and interpretation of 
the phenomenal material development of the present century is made 
in the light of the rapid increase in chemical knowledge. Each 
lecture will be illustrated by lecture experiments and the use of 
charts and industrial products. Credit, 4 semester hours. 

The laboratory work of this course can, if desired, be done on 
Saturdays in the College laboratories, for which an additional credit 
of four semester hours will be given. The course thus offered is 
equivalent to Course Chemistry 18 offered in the College. 

E-24. Orgajiic Chemistry. Two hours. Throughout the year. 
A study of the sources, classification and type reactions of organic 
materials, of food-stuffs and their relation to nutrition, dyes, pharma- 
ceuticals, explosives, coal tar intermediates, manufacturing processes 
and recent developments in this field of Chemistry. The course 
will include a carefully selected series of demonstrations, the display 
of a large number of representative materials, and the use of about 
one hundred charts specially designed and prepared by the instructor. 
A knowledge of the elements of Chemistry will be assumed. Credit, 
4 semester hours. 

The laboratory work of this course can, if desired, be done on 


Saturdays in the College laboratories for which an additional credit 
of four semester hours will be given. The course thus offered is 
equivalent to Course Chemistry 48 offered in the College. 

Prof. Reynolds 

The following courses will be offered at Annville and may count 
toward residence requirements. If a sufficient number desire one 
or more of the courses at some center other than Annville, it may 
be possible to arrange for them to be given. 

E-12. Introductory Psychology. Two hours. First semester. 
This course analyzes the facts of our mental life, showing their 
relation to the bodily mechanisms w^hich explain behaviour and 
their application to the art of living. 8:00 to 10:00 Saturday. Credit, 
2 semester hours. 

E-242. School Administration. Two hours. First semester. 
A course dealing with essential principles in the organization, financ- 
ing and government of village and city school system. The several 
agencies involved — school boards, superintendent, principals, teach- 
ers, classification of pupils, etc., administrative methods of selected 
schools, and recent literature on the subject will receive considera- 
tion. Lectures, discussions, oral and written reports. 10:00 to 12:00 
Saturday. Credit, 2 semester hours. 

E-22. Educational Psychology. Two hours. Second Semester. 
Emphasis on the topics of general psychology which form the basis 
for the study of the problems of education. Special emphasis will 
be given to innate tendencies; in individual differences; their meas- 
urement; their significance; and the learning process. 8:00 to 10:00 
Saturday. Credit, 2 semester hours. 

E-82. Educational Measurements. Two hours. Second semester. 
An intensive study of the various elementary and secondary school 
fields in which educational measurements can be made. Practical ex- 
perience in measuring is provided. A full set of illustrative test mate- 
rial is furnished each student for which a fee of $1.00 is charged. 

This course is of fundamental interest to school administrators 
as well as for the teacher interested in measuring results of in- 
struction. Saturday 10:00 to 12:00. Credit, 2 semester hours. 

Dr. Bennett 
92. Classical Mythology in English Literature. Two hours. 
First semester. 

This course will begin with a study of Classical Mythology. Lec- 
tures will be given on such subjects as: the growth of myths and their 


meaning; the Theogony (Race of Gods)* the association of myth 
and ancient religion; the use of mythology in literature. The chief 
myths will be studied by outside reading and class reports. In the 
latter part of the course certain minor poems of Milton and of other 
English poets will be studied with special attention to mythological 
allusion. Credit, 2 semester hours. 


Dr. Wallace 

62. Shakespeare. Two hours. Second semester. A study of 

Shakespeare, the man, and his environment, with special reading 

of five selected plays: Romeo and Juliet, Henry IV (Parts I and II), 

Twelfth Night, Hamlet. Credit, 2 semester hours. 

If there is sufficient demand, other courses in English may be 

Mrs. Bennett 

E-04. Elementary German. Two hours. Throughout the year, 
A beginners' course in German grammar, including the study of 
forms and syntax, with the composition of easy sentences and the 
reading of some simple German prose. 

To be offered at Annville on Saturday morning. Credit, 4 se- 
mester hours. 

E-14. First year College German. Two hours. Throughout the 
year. Grammar, composition, and the reading and interpretation of 
texts of intermediate difficulty. 

To be offered at Annville on Saturday morning. Credit, 4 semester 

This course combined with German S-12 which is offered in the 
Summer School vnll be accepted as meeting the Modern Language 
requirement for the Baccalaureate degree. 


Courses in Latin meeting the requirements for the College credit 
will be arranged provided there is sufficient demand. 

Prof. Shenk 

E-44. History of United States to Recent Times. Two hours. 
Throughout the year. 

First semester: A study of the Political and Social History 
of the United States from the European Beginning to the close 
of the War of 1812. Emphasis will be placed on the place of 


Pennsylvania in our National History. Hockett: Political and 
Social History of the United States. 

Second semester: Political and Social History of the United 
States from the close of the War of 1812 to the end of the Civil War. 
Special stress will be placed on the source material of the History 
of Pennsylvania during this period. Schlesinger: Political and 
Social History of the U. S. Credit, 4 semester hours. 

(History S-42. Summer Session 1926. Recent History of the 
L^nited States.) 

History E-44 and S-42 are equivalent to History 46 required in the Senior 
year of candidates for the Baccalaureate degree. 

Prof. Redditt 

E-14. Advanced Algebra. Two hours. Throughout the year. 

This course covers the usual topics, including the graphical repre- 
sentation of functions, the application of the quadratic equation in 
problems involving the idea of maxima and minima, the binomial the- 
orem, the theorem of undetermined coefficients, logarithms, permu- 
tations and combinations, the evaluation of determinants and their 
application in the solution of simultaneous equations, partial frac- 
tions, the general theory of equations, infinite series, etc. Credit, 
4 semester hours. 

The course outlined above, if followed by the two-point course in 
Trigonometry offered in the summer session, 1926, will be accepted 
as fulfilling the requirements of the freshman course (six points) 
for the bachelor's degree. 

Prof. Gingrich 

E-14. Economics. Two hours. Throughout the year. 

An introductory course including the careful study of the funda- 
mental principles of the existing economic order; an outline of the 
development of economic thought; and an extended consideration 
of modern economic problems. Credit, 4 semester hours. 

E-34. American Government and Politics. Two hours. Through- 
out the year. 

A course designed to give the student a working knowledge of 
the fundamental laws of Federal and State Government. Much 
time is given to the study of leading cases. Credit, 4 semester hours. 

E-14. Principles of Sociology. Two hours. Throughout the year. 

The course is intended to acquaint the student with the various 
theories of society together with the place of sociology in the general 
field of learning. Modern social problems are discussed during the 
second semester. Credit, 4 semester hours.