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Lebanon Valley College 


Vol. 15 (New Series) July, 1926 

No. 4 




Entered as Second-Class matter at Annville, Pa., under the Act of August 24, 1912 

Extension School Committee 


Officers of Administration and 


SAMUEL O. GRIMM, B.Pd., A.M Registrar 

SAMUEL H. DERICKSON, M.S., Sc.D., Chairman of Committee 
on Extension School 

HIRAM H. SHENK, A.M Professor of History 

A. B., Ursinus College, 1899; A. M., Lebanon Valley College, 1900; 
Student, University of Wisconsin, summer term; Instructor in Political 
Science, Lebanon Valley College, 1899-1900; Professor of History and 
Political Science, 1900-1916; Custodian of Public Records, Pennsylvania 
State Library, 1916 to date; Instructor in Y. M. C. A. Summer Schools, 
Blue Ridge, N. C, 1916-1920, Silver Bay, 1918, and Lake Geneva, 1921; 
Educational Secretary, Army Y. M. C. A., Camp Travis, 1917-1918; 
Professor of History, Lebanon Valley College, 1920 — 

SAMUEL H. DERICKSON, M.S., Sc.D., Professor of Biological 

B. S., Lebanon Valley College, 1902; graduate student, Johns Hopkins 
University, 1902-1903; M. S., Lebanon Valley College, 1903; Sc.D., 
Lebanon Vailey College, 1925; Professor of Biological Science, Lebanon 
Valley College, 1903; Land Zoologist, Bahama Expedition, Baltimore 
Geographical Society, summer 1904; Director, collection of Eocene 
and Miocene Fossils for Vassar College, summer 1908; Student, Marine 
Biology, Bermuda, summer 1909; Student Tropical Botanical Gardens, 
Jamaica, summer 1910; Student Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences, 
summer 1911; Acting President of Lebanon Valley College, summer 
1912; Member American Association for the Advancement of Science, 
The Botanical Society of America, the Phytopathological Society of 

CHRISTIAN R. GINGRICH, A.B., LL.B Professor of Social 


A. B., Franklin and Marshall College, 1911; Principal of High School, 
Alexandria, Pa., 1911-1912; Principal of High School, Linglestown, Pa., 
1912-1913; LL.B., University of Pennsylvania Law School, 1916; Mem- 
ber of Law Bar of Lebanon County and of Pennsylvania Supreme Court 
Bar; Professor of Political Science and Economics, Lebanon Valley 
College, 1916 — 

PAUL S. WAGNER, Ph.D Professor of Mathematics 

A. B., Lebanon Valley College, 1917; Instructor in Mathematics, Lebanon 
Valley College, 1917-18; Military Service, 1918-19; Headmaster, Franklin 
Day School, Baltimore, Md., and Graduate Student, Johns Hopkins 
University, 1919-20; Graduate Student, Columbia University, Summer 
Sessions of 1921 and 1923; Instructor in Mathematics, Lebanon Valley 
College, 1920-23; Leave of Absence and Graduate Student, Johns Hopkins 
University, 1923-26; M.A., ibed, 1925; Ph.D., ibed, 1926; Member of The 
Mathematical Association of America, The Mathematical Society of 
America, The Phi Beta Kappa Society and The Sigma Xi Scientific 

ANDREW BENDER, Ph.D Professor of Chemistry 

A. B., Lebanon Valley College, 1906; Ph.D., Columbia University, 1914 
Professor of Chemistry and Physics, Lebanon Valley College, 1907 
1909; Instructor in Analytical Chemistry, Columbia University, 1912-1914 
In Industrial Chemistry, 1914-1921; Chief Chemist, Aetna Explosives 
Company; Chemical Director, British American Chemical Company; 
Director of Control Laboratory, The Barrett Company; Professor of 
Chemistry, Lebanon Valley College, 1921 — 

ROBERT R. BUTTERWICK, A.M., B.D., D.D., Professor of Phil- 
osophy and Bible 

A. B.. Lebanon Valley College, 1901; A. M., ibid., 1904; B. D., 
Bonebrake Theological Seminary, 1905; D.D., Lebanon Valley College, 
1910; twenty-six years in the Ministry; Professor of Philosophy and 
Religion, Lebanon Valley College, 1921-1922; Professor of Philosophy and 
Bible, 1922— 

HAROLD BENNETT, Ph.D., Josephine Bittinger Eberly Professor of 
Latin Language and Literature 

B. A., Victoria College, University of Toronto, 1915; military service 
with Canadian Expeditionary Forces, 1915-1918; Fellow in Latin, Uni- 
versity of Chicago, 1919-1921; Ph.D., University of Chicago, 1921; 
Professor of Latin, College of Charleston, Charleston, S. C, 1921-1922; 
Professor of Latin Language and Literature, Lebanon Valley College, 

ETHEL MARY BENNETT, B.A., Professor of French Literature 

and German 

B. A., Victoria College, University of Toronto, 1915; in charge of 
Modern Language Department, Ontario Ladies' College, Whitby, Ont., 
1915-1919; Tutor in French and German, University of Chicago, 1920- 
1921; Graduate Student, Univ. of Chicago, Summer, 1922; Pro- 
fessor of French Literature, Lebanon Valley College, 1922 — 

A.B., M.A., Professor of Education and 


Teacher, Principal and Superintendent of Schools, 1903-1913; Diploma, 
Illinois State Normal University, 1914; A. B., University of Illinois, 
1916; M. A., Columbia University, 1917; Head of the Department of Edu- 
cation and Psychology, College of Puget Sound, 1917-1920; Student Leland 
Stanford University, Summer quarter, 1920; Professor of Psychology and 
Education, University of Rochester, 1920-1923; Student Columbia Uni- 
versity, Summers 1921 and 1922; Completed course and residence require- 
ments for Ph.D. Degree, Columbia University, 1923-1924; Assistant in 
School Administration, Teachers College, Columbia University, Summer 
1924; Professor of Education and Psychology, Lebanon Valley College, 

PAUL A. W. WALLACE, Ph.D Professor of English 

B. A., Victoria College, University of Toronto, 1915; Graduate study, 
Columbia University, summer 1921; M. A., University of Toronto, 1923; 
Ph.D., University of Toronto, 1925; Travel in England and Europe, 
1910-1911, 1914, 1919; Military service with the Canadian Expeditionary 
Force, 19161918; Lecturer in English, University of Alberta, 1919-1922; 
Instructor in English, University of Toronto, 1923-1925; Professor of 
English, Lebanon Valley College, 1925. 


FROM time to time members of the Faculty of Lebanon Valley 
College have been called upon to conduct "extension courses" 
in various places, so as to meet the needs of such persons 
as found it impossible to attend the courses given within the college. 
The service developed very naturally, and almost unnoticed. The 
college is always willing and ready to extend its services where they 
are needed and appreciated. It hopes to meet this obligation by 
employing its educational facilities in a manner productive of the 
greatest service to those interested in educational advancement. 
Accordingly, the college will be glad to receive requests from groups 
who desire courses other than these, and to arrange, whenever pos- 
sible, to supply such instruction as may be desired. 

The courses offered are, for the most part, intended primarily for 
those engaged in teaching. However, all other qualified persons will 
be admitted to extension courses, and some courses are more or less 
definitely planned to meet the needs or interests of persons outside 
of the teaching group. All courses will be taught by members 
of the College Faculty, and will be of college grade and 
receive credit as such. Inasmuch as Lebanon Valley College is an 
accredited institution, on the first list of colleges and universities, 
persons who complete these courses may safely assume that their 
credits will be honored wherever they may be presented. The credits 
earned in these courses will be counted by Lebanon Valley 
College towards its Baccalaureate degrees. 


(a) For College Credit 

College credit will be given only to those who have fulfilled 
the College Entrance Requirements as described on pages 
26-27 of the regular College Catalogue. 

(b) Without College Credit 

A limited number of persons whose preparation may not meet 
the requirements as set forth above may be admitted to courses 
at the discretion of the instructors. 



An effort is being made by the College to offer in the Extension 
Department and the Summer Session all the General Requirements 
for the Baccalaureate degree. Most of these courses are announced 
for the present year, and the remainder will be made available at 
an early date. In cases where six semester hours are required, 
the departments will normally offer four hours in Extension work 
and a two hour supplementary course in Summer School. The 
residence requirement of one year may be met by attendance at 
Summer School. In this way the Baccalaureate degree will be made 
available to those who are not able to attend the regular annual 
College sessions. 

For the convenience of those working towards a degree, a full 
statement of the requirements is printed below: 


Lebanon Valley College offers three courses of study leading to 
the Baccalaureate degree: 

(1) A course leading to the degree of Bachelor of Arts (A.B.) 

(2) A course leading to the degree of Bachelor of Science (B.S.) 

(3) A course leading to the degree of Bachelor of Science in Edu- 
cation (B.S. in Ed.) 

The total number of credits required of candidates for these 
degrees is the same in each case, and is 126 semester hours. 

As part of this total requirement, every candidate must present 
at least 24 semester hours in one department (to be known as his 
Major), and at least 16 semester hours in another department (to 
be known as his Minor). Both Major and Minor must be selected 
not later than the beginning of the Junior year, the Minor to be 
suitably related to the Major, and chosen with the advice and 
approval of the Head of the Major department. 

The A.B. degree will be awarded to those fulfilling the require- 
ment for a Major in the following departments: Bible and New 
Testament Greek, English, French, German, Greek, History, Latin, 
Mathematics (Arts option), Political and Social Science, Philosophy 
and Religion. 

The B.S. degree will be awarded to those fulfilling the require- 
ments for a Major in the following departments: Biology, Chem- 
istry, Mathematics (Science option), Physics. 

The B.S. in Ed. degree will be awarded to those fulfilling the 
requirements for a Major in Education, but in this case two Minors 
of not less than 16 semester hours each must be presented. 



Certain courses, embodying the fundamentals of a liberal educa- 
tion, are required of all students. These courses, which vary slightly 
according to the degree sought, are as follows: 



B.S. in Ed. 

Bible 14, 54. 

Bible 14, 54. 

Bible 14, 54. 

English 12, 14, 26. 

English 12, 14, 26. 

English 12, 14, 26. 

*French 16 or 

French 16 or 

French 16 or 

German 16. 

German 16. 

German 16. 

History 46. 

History 46. 

History 46. 

tLatin 16 or 

Mathematics 13, 23, 

Latin 16 or 

Math. 13, 23. 


Math. 13, 23. 

Philosophy 23, 33, or 

Philosophy 13, 23, or 

Psychology, 12, 22. 

Economics 16 or 

Economics 16 or 

Economics 16 or 

Pol. Science 16 or 

Pol. Science 16 or 

Pol. Science 16 or 

Sociology 16. 

Sociology 16. 

Sociology 16. 

Biology 18 or 

Biology 18. 

Biology 18 or 

Chemistry 18, or 

Chemistry 18. 

Chemistry 18, or 

Physics 18. 

Physics 18. 

Physics 18. 

Physical Education 

Physical Education 

Physical Education 

11, 21. 

11, 21. 

11, 21. 

* Twelve semester hours of Foreign Language are required of all candidates 
for the A. B. degree; six hours of this total must be from French 16 or German 16. 

t Latin is required of all students majoring in English, French, Greek or 

For explanation of numbers used above see the departmental announcements 
in Annual Catalogue. 


In addition to the General Requirements listed above, some of the 
departments require students majoring therein to take certain addi- 
tional courses in subjects closely related to the Major. 

Students outlining" a course for a degree should communicate at 
once with the Head of the Department in which they intend.' to 

Candidates for the Baccalaureate degree who desire to be admitted 
to advanced standing, by virtue of work done in other institutions, 
should lose no time in. having their credits evaluated by the Registrar, 
in order that they may be informed as to what requirements they 
must still meet for graduation. 


Some of the courses offered in the Extension Department may 
be taken for credit towards a Master's degree, provided arrangements 
are made in advance with the instructor. Some extra work will be 
required, such as additional reading, reports, experiments, etc. The 


complete regulations governing graduate work for the degrees of 
A.M. and M.S. may be obtained upon application to the Registrar 
of the College. 

Each class will meet for thirty sessions at the specified time each 
week from September to May, exclusive of Thanksgiving, Christmas 
and Easter recesses. The first meeting of each group will be held 
in the week of September 20 for organization. 


The classes in Harrisburg will meet in the Central High School. 
In Annville classes will meet in the Administration Building. 
Classes meeting in the college at Annville are specifically so noted. 

Classes will meet for one two hour period each week, the time 
of meeting to be arranged by the instructor and students at the 
organization meeting of each course. 


Any of the courses announced in this bulletin may be withdrawn 
in case the registration is not sufficient to justify the forming of a 
class. Ten registrations will be considered sufficient for courses to 
be given at Annville, and twenty registrations for courses to be 
given in the other places. 

Harrisburg— Central High School Building, Sept. 29, 7:00 P. M. 
Annville — Administration Building, Sept. 25, 8:00 A. M. 


Registration will be made at the time and place of the first meet- 
ing of the classes. All those who are interested are invited to 
attend the first meeting of any class, at which time questions may 
be asked and the nature of the work will be more fully explained. 


A fee of $1.00 will be charged for matriculation and registration. 
The tuition charge for extension courses will be $6.00 for 
each credit point, a point being a semester hour. For example, the 
charge for matriculation and registration in courses leading to eight 
points credit would be $49.00. This is approximately the regular fee 
for tuition in the college. Fees for the first semester are due and 
payable at the time of registration. Fees for the second semester are 
payable on or before Feb. 1st. Remittances should be made to 
Lebanon Valley College, and may be sent by mail to Agent of 
Finance Committee. 


Dr. Butterwick 
Bible E-14. General Introduction to the English Bible. Two 
hours. Throughout the year. 

The purpose of this course is to acquaint the student with the 
history of the Jewish people and a comprehensive survey of the 
literature of the Bible. 


Dr. Derickson 

The Department of Biology aims to offer in extension courses to 
teachers the courses in Biological Science required for graduation 
with the degree of Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science in Edu- 
cation, or in the fulfillment of the requirements of a minor in Biology. 
The courses offered also constitute the first three courses required 
of those majoring in Biology. 

The courses include a course in General Biology, one in Botany 
and one in Zoology. Not all of the courses are offered in the same 
year. The course in General Biology was given in 1923-24. The 
course in Zoology was given last year and the course in Botany 
will be offered in 1926-27. 

While a course in General Biology will prove very helpful to those 
pursuing the courses in Botany and Zoology, the latter are so ar- 
ranged that they may be taken without the former. 

Each of the courses is divided into two parts. Part one consists of 
lectures, demonstrations and recitations. Part two consists of labora- 
tory and field work.„ 

The following will be offered this year: 

E-28. Botany. Part One. Two hours. Throughout the year. 
Lectures, demonstrations and recitations. 

The object of the course is to give the student a broad, general 
knowledge of the plant kingdom. The lectures will give a general 
survey of the plant kingdom from the simplest to "the most com- 
plex, giving consideration to structure, physiological processes, life 
history, ecological relationships and economic importance. Each 
plant studied will be viewed from the standpoint of its origin and 
constant comparisons made with others. 

The course, although inculcating the scientific habit of thought, 
will emphasize the cultural rather than the technical aspects of the 
subjects. Credit, 4 semester hours. 

Part Two. Two hours. Throughout the year. Laboratory and 
field work. 

Representatives of practically every class in the plant kingdom 
will be studied in the laboratory with reference to structure and 


life history and in the field to ascertain their ecological relationships. 
In this work the student has the opportunity to get, by personal 
observation, concrete ideas of the principles and generalizations dis- 
cussed in Part One. 

Methods of conducting field work, of collecting materials for 
laboratory and preserving same for museum or demonstration, the 
preparation of microscopic slides, etc., are included in this part of 
the course. Credit, 4 semester hours. 

The laboratory work is given only at the college laboratory at 
Annville, where every modern facility for conducting the work is 
provided. Each student is furnished with compound microscope, 
dissecting instruments, apparatus for experiments, note book and 
drawing materials, for which a laboratory fee of six dollars per 
semester is charged in addition to the tuition for the course. Field 
trips are made to several points of interest. Materials are available 
for those who desire to prepare specimens for use in teaching. 

Biological Problems. Two hours. Throughout the year. 

Practical biological problems adapted to the needs of the indi- 
vidual student will be assigned to a limited number of students 
possessing the necessary preliminary training. This course is 
intended for teachers of Biology or those engaged in other biological 
work who are majoring in Biology for either Bachelors or Masters 
degrees. A minimum of four hours laboratory work with confer- 
ences and reports on same each week. Credit, 4 semester hours. 

Dr. Bender 

The college offers this year two lecture demonstration courses in 

E-14. General Chemistry. Two hours. Throughout the year. An 
introduction to the study of chemistry, including a study of the ele- 
ments, their classification and properties, and a study of the important 
compounds of each element. During the course constant reference is 
made to manufacturing and industrial processes, and interpretation of 
the phenomenal material development of the present century is made 
in the light of the rapid increase in chemical knowledge. Each 
lecture will be illustrated by lecture experiments and the use of 
charts and industrial products. Credit, 4 semester hours. 

The laboratory work of this course can, if desired, be done on 
Saturdays in the College laboratories, for which an additional credit 
of four semester hours will be given. The course thus offered is 
equivalent to Course Chemistry 18 offered in the College. 


E-24. Organic Chemistry. Two hours. Throughout the year. 
A study of the sources, classification and type reactions of organic 
materials, of food-stuffs and their relation to nutrition, dyes, pharma- 
ceuticals, explosives, coal tar intermediates, manufacturing processes 
and recent developments in this field of Chemistry. The course 
will include a carefully selected series of demonstrations, the display 
of a large number of representative materials, and the use of about 
one hundred charts specially designed and prepared by the instructor. 
A knowledge of the elements of Chemistry will be assumed. Credit, 
4 semester hours. 

The laboratory work of this course can, if desired, be done on 
Saturdays in the College laboratories for which an additional credit 
of four semester hours will be given. The course thus offered is 
equivalent to Course Chemistry 48 offered in the College. 

Prof. Reynolds 
E-22. Educational Psychology. Two hours. First and second 
semesters. A course designed to meet the needs of students of edu- 
cation who are seeking from psychology those facts and principles 
which have a bearing on their problems. Special emphasis is given 
to the psychology of learning. Credit, two semester hours each 
semester. To be given at Harrisburg first and second semesters 


Dr. Wallace 

Courses in English offered in Extension at Harrisburg, 1926-27. 

English. E-24. A Survey of English Literature. Two hours. 
Throughout the year. Required of all college sophomores. 

This course consists in the reading and study of selected works by 
representatives authors from Chaucer's time to the present. Four 
semester hours' credit will be given during the winter. The remaining 
two hours will be offered in the Summer School, 1927. 

English 512. The Romantic Movement in English Literature. Two 
hours. First semester. The period from Gray to Keets, with special 
study of Burns, Wordsworth, Coleridge, Byron, Shelley, and Keets. 
This course may be taken as part of the requirements for a major or 
a minor in English. Credit, 2 semester hours. Further work may 
be offered in English at Harrisburg during the second semester if 
there is sufficient demand for it. 

For Summer School, Harrisburg, 1927. 

Eng. S-22. (Completing the work in Eng. 26 begun in the winter.) 

Eng. 62. Shakespeare. 



Courses in French S-02 and S-12 will be offered in the summer of 
1927 and continued in Extension Courses E-04 and E-14 in 1927-28. 

Mrs. Bennett 

E-04. Elementary German. Two hours. Throughout the year. 
A beginners' course in German grammar, including the study of 
forms and syntax, with the composition of easy sentences and the 
reading of some simple German prose. 

To be offered at Harrisburg. Credit, 4 semester hours. 

E-14. First year College German. Two hours. Throughout the 
year. Grammar, composition, and the reading and interpretation of 
texts of intermediate difficulty. 

To be offered at Harrisburg. Credit, 4 semester hours. 

These courses combined with German S-02 and S-12 which are 
offered in the Summer School will be accepted as meeting the Mod- 
ern Language requirement for the Baccalaureate degree. 

Dr. Bennett 

Courses in Latin meeting the requirements for the College credit 
will be arranged provided there is sufficient demand. 

Greek and Roman Drama. Two hours. First semester. A study of 
the origin and development of Tragedy and Comedy, illustrated by 
the reading of a number of plays (in translation) by Aeschylus, 
Sophocles, Euripides, Plautus and Terence. The course is designed 
to be of special interest to all students of the modern drama. Credit, 
2 semester hours. 

Prof. Shenk 

English History. A course in English History from the year 1860 
to the present time. The diplomatic relations with the United 
States, the Irish question, the rise of the Labor Party, social reform, 
and the problems growing out of the World War will be given 
special emphasis. 

E-44. History of United States to Recent Times. Two hours. 
Throughout the year at Harrisburg. 

First semester: A study of the Political and Social History 
of the United States from the European Beginning to the close 
of the War of 1812. Emphasis will be placed on the place of 
Pennsylvania in our National History. Hockett: Political and 
Social History of the United States. 

Second semester: Political and Social History of the United 


States from the close of the War of 1812 to the end of the Civil War. 
Special stress will be placed on the source material of the History 
cf Pennsylvania during this period. Schlesinger: Political and 
Social History of the U. S. Credit, 4 semester hours. 

(History S-42. Summer Session 1927. Recent History of the 
United States.) 

History E-44 and S-42 are equivalent to History 46 required in the Senior 
year of candidates for the Baccalaureate degree. 

Dr. Wagner 

E-22. Plane Trigonometry. Two semester hours. 1st semester. 
Study of the relations between the trigonometric functions; solution 
of right and oblique triangles; practical applications of trigonometry 
to the determination of heights and distances. 

E-32. Analytic Geometry. Two semester hours. 2nd semester. 
A study of the equations of the straight line, circle, parabola, ellipse, 
and hyperbola. 

These courses will be offered at Harrisburg 1926-27 and together 
with S-12 (College Algebra), will meet the regular Mathematics 16 

Prof. Gingrich 
E-14. Economic Principles and Problems. An introductory course 
covering the fundamental principles of the existing economic order; 
an outline of the development of Economic thought, and an extended 
consideration of modern economical problems. Credit, 4 semester 

This course is a continuation of the course (Economics S-12) 
offered at the summer school in Harrisburg in 1926. Persons desir- 
ing to begin the course will be given an opportunity to take extra 
instruction during the first half of the year and by so doing com- 
plete the entire course with six hours' credit during the winter of 

E-14. American Government and Politics. The course is designed 
to give the student a practical and working knowledge of the funda- 
mental laws of Federal and State Government. Much time is given 
to the study of leading cases decided by the United States Supreme 
Court. Credit, four semester hours. 

The course will continue the work offered in Annville in 1925 
Summer School (Political Science S-12), and will give persons who 


have taken both courses a total of 6 hours' credit. Offered in Ann- 
ville 1926-1927. 

S-12. Principles of Sociology. The course is intended to acquaint 
the student with the various theories of society together with the 
place of Sociology in the general field of learning. Modern social 
problems are discussed during the second half of the course. Credit, 
2 semester hours. 

This course will be started in Harrisburg at the summer session 
of 1927 and will be followed by Sociology E-14, an extension course 
offered in Harrisburg during the winter of 1927-28, both courses 
taken together will cover the work of the first year of Sociology 
and give 6 hours' credit.