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Full text of "Lebanon Valley College Catalog"

lulWttt 



SERIES IV. APRIL, 1907 NO. 2 



CATALOGUE NUMBER 
1906-1907 



COLLEGE FOUNDED, A. D., 1866. 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2011 with funding from 

LYRASIS IVIembers and Sloan Foundation 



http://www.archive.org/details/lebanonvalley190607leba 



Lebanon Valley College 
. Bulletin 



CONTAINING THE 

FORTY-FIRST ANNUAL CATALOGUE 



1906-1907 



Annville, Pa., April, 1907 

Efitei'ed at the post-office, Anmnlle, Pa., as second-class matter, 

January 24, 1904, under act of July 16, 1894 

Published quarterly by the College. 



2 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

CALENDAR. 

1906-190?. 

1906 
September 12, Wednesday, Colleg-e year began. 
November 29 and 30, Thanksgiving recess. 
December 22, Saturday, Christmas vacation began. 

1907 
January 9, Wednesday, Instruction began. 
January 28, Monday, Mid-year examinations began. 
January 31, Thursday, Day of Prayer for Colleges. 
February 1, Friday, First semester ended. 
February 4, Monday^ Second semester began. 
February 10, Sunday. Day of Prayer for Students. 
February 22, Friday, Washington's Birthday — holiday. 
March 29- April 1, inclusive, Easter recess. 
April 19, Friday, Anniversary of Kalozetean Literary Society. 
May 3, Friday, Anniversary of Philokosmian Literary Society. 
May 28, 29 and 31. Senior final examinations. 
May 30, Thursday, Memorial Day, — holiday. 
June 1, Saturday^ Sheridan's " School for Scandal." 
June 3-7. Final examinations. 
June 9, Sunday.^ 10:15 a. in.., Baccalaureate sermon. 

6:00 p ni., Campus .praise service. 

j:oop. in., Annual address before the Christian 
Associations. 
June 10, Monday., 7 -30 p. m., Commencement of Music Department. 
June 11, Tuesday, g:oo a. m., Meeting of Board of Trustees. 

7:30 p. in., Junior Oratorical Contest. 

g:oo p. in , Alumni banquet and re-union. 
June 12, Wednesday, 10:00 a in., Forty-first Annual Commencement. 

1907-1908. 

1907 

September 9 and 10, Examination and registration of students. 

September 11, Wednesday, College year begins. 

November 28, Thursday, Thanksgiving Day. Anniversary of the 

Clionian Literary Society. 
November 28 and 29, Thanksgiving recess. 
December 21, Saturday, Christmas vacation begins. 

1908 
January 1, Wednesday, Instruction begins. 
January 20, Monday, Mid-year examinations begin. 
January 30, Thursday, Day of Prayer for Colleges. 
January 24, Friday, First semester ends. 
January 27, Monday, Second semester begins. 
February 9, Sunday, Day of Prayer for Students. 
February 22, Saturday, Washington's Birthday. 
April 17-21, inclusive, Easter recess. 
June 3, Wednesday, Forty-second Annual Commencement. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 3 

THE CORPORATION. 

BOARD OF TRUSTEES. 

President A. P. Funkhouser, and Faculty, Ex -Officio. 

NAME RESIDENCE TERM EXPIRES 

Representatives from the Peiuisylvania Conference. 



Rev. Daniel Eberly, D.D., 


Hanover 


1909 


Rev. Wm. H. Washinger, D.D., 


Chambersburg 


1907 


Rev. John E. Kleffman, A.B., 


Carlisle 


1907 


John C. Heckert, Esq., 


Dallastown 


1909 


George C. Snyder, Esq., 


Hag-erstown, Md. 


1909 


Rev. Cyrus F. Flook, 


Myersville, Md. 


1907 


Rev. John W. Owen 


Baltimore, Md. 


1909 


Representatives from the East Pennsylvania Conference 


. 


Rev. Samuel D. Faust, D.D., 


Dayton, Ohio 


1907 


Benjamin H. Engle, Esq., 


Hummelstown 


1909 


Rev. Henry S. Gabel, D.D., 


Dayton, Ohio 


1907 


Jonas G. Stehman, Esq., 


Mountville 


1907 


Rev. D. D. Lowery, D.D., 


Harrisburg- 


1907 


Samuel F. Engle, Esq., 


Palmyra 


1909 


George F. Breinig, Esq., 


Allentown 


1907 


D. Augustus Peters, Esq., 


Steelton 


1909 


S. R. Graybill, Esq., 


Lancaster 


1909 


M. S. Hendricks, Esq., 


Shamokin 


1909 


Representatives from the Virginia Conference. 




Rev. a. p. Funkhouser, B.S., 


Annville 


1909 


Rev. J. N. Fries, A.M., 


Berkeley Springs, W.Va. 


1908 


J. N. Garber, Esq., 


Harrisonburg, Va. 


1908 


Rev. G. W. Stover, 


Staunton, Va. 


1908 


Rev. S. R. Ludwig, 


Keyser, W. Va. 


1909 


Rev. a. S. Hammack, 


Harrisonburg, Va. 


1909 



TRUSTEES-AT-LARGE— Hon. Marlin E. Olmsted, LL.D., Har- 
risburg ; B. Frank Keister, Esq., Scottdale ; Warren B. 
Thomas, Esq., Johnstown; Ezra Gross, Esq., Greensburg. 

ALUMNAL TRUSTEES— Prof. H. H. Baish, A.M., '01, Altoona : 
Rev. R. R. Butterwick, A.M., '01, Annville; Rev. E. O. 
Burtner, B.S., '90, Mt. Joy. 



4; LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

OFFICERS AND COMMITTEES OF THE BOARD. 

OFFICERS. 
President - - - - Samuel F. Eng-le, Esq. 
Vice-President - - Rev. Daniel Eberly, D.D. 

Secretary - - - Rev. Isaac H. Albrig-ht, Ph.D. 
Treasurer - - - E. Benjamin Bierman, Ph.D. 

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. 

A. P. Funkhouser D. D. Lowery 
Benjamin H. Engle W. H. Washinger 

R. R. Butterwick E. Benjamin Bierman 

W. H. Ulrich 

FINANCE COMMITTEE. 

Jonas G. Stehman Warren B. Thomas 

W. H. Ulrich J. S. Mills 

B. F. Keister B. H. Eng-le 

W. H. Washing-er 

FACULTY COMMITTEE. 

W. H. Washinger S. D. Faust 

D. D. Lowery Daniel Eberly 

AUDITING COMMITTEE. ^ ' ' 
H. H. Baish E. O. Burtner 

LIBRARY AND APPARATUS COMMITTEE. 

J. C. Heckert S. R. Ludwig 

R. R. Butterwick E. O. Burtner 

H. H. Shenk 

GROUNDS AND BUILDINGS COMMITTEES. 

George F. Breinig J. W. Owen 

., : ■ ' G. W. Stover 

FIELD SECRETARY— Rev. R. R. Butterwick, A. M. 
PRECEPTRESS and MATRON— Mrs. Violette Freed. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

THE FACULTY AND OFFICERS. 

Rev. ABRAM PAUL FUNKHOUSER, B.S., 

'• -'■ President [igo6) 

JOHN EVANS LEHMAN, A.M., 

Professor of Mathematics and Astrononiy {/SSI) 

Rev. JAMES THOMAS SPANGLER, A.M., B.D., Dean, 

Professor of Greek Language and Literature {iSgj) 

HERBERT OLDHAM, F.S.Sc, 
Director of the Department of Music, and Professor of 
Piano and Organ {iSgS) 

HIRAM HERR SHENK, A.M., Registrar, 

Professor of History and Political Science [/900) 

Rev. LE^YIS FRANKLIN JOHN, A.M., D.D., 

Professor of English Bible and Philosophy {fgoi) 

SAMUEL HOFFMAN DERICKSON, M.S., 

Professor of the Biological Sciences {/goj) 

HARRY EDGAR SPESSARD, A.M., 

Principal of the Academy {igofi 

BESSIE TROVILLO, A.B , 

Prjf'ssor of the German Language and Literature {igof) 

JOHN SMITH SHIPPEE, A.M., 

Professor of Latin and French {igo6) 

HOMER HOV'ELLS HARBOUR, A.B., 

Professor of English {igo6) 

FLORENCE A. ROACH 

Professor of Voice Culture {igo6) , , . .. . 



6 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

THE FACULTY AND OFFICERS Continued 

JOSEPH LEHN KREIDER, A.M., 

Instructor in Chemistry and Physics 

* WESLEY M. HEILMAN, A.B., 
Principal of the Normal Department 

JESSIE PAUL FUNKHOUSER 

Principal Art Department 



Libt^arian 

MILTON OSCAR BILLOW 

Instructor in the Academy and Assistant in Biology 

C. RAY BENDER 
Assistant in Botany 

AMOS WALLICK HERRMAN 

Instructor in English History 

ROY J. GUYER 

Instructor in Latin 

ROGER S. B. HARTZ 
Assista7it in Physics. 

H. M. B. LEHN 
DAVID W. McGILL 
PIERCE E. SWOPE 

Instructors in Normal Department. 

Rev. W. J. ZUCK, D.D., 
College Pastor 

*Resigned— H. M. B. Lehn elected to succeed him. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 7 

HISTORY OF THE COLLEGE. 

Lebanon Valley Colleg^e had its beginning- May 7, 1866, its org-ani- 
zation being- the outgrowth of the action of the East Pennsylvania 
Annual Conference to establish a higher institution of learning in 
the church. A fine three story brick academy building in Annville 
was presented to the Conference by enterprising citizens of the town 
on condition that such an institution as contemplated be perpetually 
maintained, and it was in this building that the College was founded 
with an attendance of forty-nine, this number being increased to one 
hundred and fifty-three on the enrollment list by the close of the 
following year. 

In 1867 eleven additional acres of ground were purchased, and on 
August 23 of that year was laid the corner-stone of what was destined 
to be, until the close of 1904, the main building of the College. 
Unfortunately, the larger needs of the College of to-day were not 
anticipated, and a portion of the grounds was divided into building 
lots and sold. 

The new building contained the chapel, recitation rooms, the 
president's office, and dormitory, with kitchen and dining hall in the 
basement. 

The building was furnished in time for closing exercises to be 
held in it at the close of the college year in 1868, although there 
was no regular commencement until June 16, 1870, when the first 
three graduates, William B. Bodenhorn, Albert C. Rigler, and Mary 
A. Weiss received their diplomas. 

In 1883 a two-story frame building was erected on College Ave- 
nue, which contained library, museum, art room, accommodations for 
the science department, and several recitation rooms. This was used 
until 1900, when the addition of a large wing to the main building 
rendered it no longer necessary and it was removed. 

In 1899 was finished Engle Music Hall, the handsome gift of 
Mr. Benjamin H. Engle. This hall is a three-story brown stone 
building, and contains chapel, the office and practice rooms of the 
music department, art room, and the Kalozetean Literary Society 
hall. Here, too, the library and reading room found accommodations 
for six years. 

In 1904-1905 Mr. Andrew Carnegie -presented to the College the 
beautiful library building elsewhere described, and in 1904 ground 
was broken on the Sheridan Avenue side of the campus for a new 
ladies' dormitory. 

A crisis in the history of the College came on December 24, 1904, 
when early in the evening fire broke out and swiftly swept away the 



8 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

entire main building-. The extent of this loss may be realized when 
we recall that at this time there were in this building- well-equipped 
chemical, physical, and biolog-ical laboratories ; a museum contain- 
ing many valuable specimens; the president's office: recitation 
rooms ; the Philokosmian hall, newly and beautifully furnished ; dor- 
mitories for sixty students, and the heat plant for the entire institu- 
tion. A portion of the apparatus was saved, and some of the 
recitation room furniture : but everything else, including the papers 
and records left in the office, and all of the students' property left 
in the rooms during the vacation, was totally destroyed. . 

While the portion of the building containing the boiler was 
wrecked, the boilers themselves were fortunately not so badly in- 
jured but that they could in a short time be put in working order, 
and the opening of the winter term was delayed but a single week. 
There were left to the College in which to carry on its work the 
original building, for years used as a dining hall and ladies' dormi- 
tory ; the Engle Music Hall, and the almost completed Carnegie 
Library Building. What was left of the laboratory apparatus was 
transferred to the library basement; seminar rooms in the library, 
one or two rooms in the ladies' hall, chapel and practice rooms in the 
music hall, were at once converted into recitation rooms ; rooms in 
private homes in the village were donated to the College for dormi- 
tory purposes, and work was resumed at once with the loss of but a 
single student, who had gone home with the expectation of not 
returning. 

Meanwhile, how had the internal work proceeded ? A charter 
was obtained in April, 1867, and a Faculty organized with Thomas 
Rees Vickroy as president, and Prof. E. Benjamin Bierman, princi- 
pal of a normal department for teachers. President Vickroy served 
until 1871, faithfully doing the pioneer work of establishing a 
curriculum and regulations for the college government. He was 
followed by Lucian H. Hammond, who served from 1871-1876, when 
failing health compelled him to resign. The third president was 
Rev. David D. DeLcng, who served from 1876 to August, 1887, 
Daring his administration there was organized a musical department, 
from which the first class was graduated in 1882. 

There was an ifitei regnum of several months after the resignation 
of President DeLong, the Executive Committee and Faculty manag- 
ing the interests of the institution. In October, 1887, Rev. Edmund 
S. Lorenz was elected to the presidency, ably filling the position 
until the close of 1889, when his health failed and he was obliged to 



HISTORY OF THE COLLEGE 9 

resign, his successor being Rev. -Cyrus J. Kephart. President Kep- 
hart served but one year, declining a re-election. 

Certain discouraging conditions led to discussion concerning re- 
locating the College. It was at this juncture that the board of 
trustees elected Dr. E. Benjamin Bierman to the presidency. It 
was in the early part of his administration that the Mary A. Dodge 
Scholarship Fund for the help of worthy students w^as given to the 
College. President Bierman served successfully until the spring of 
1897, when he was succeeded by Dr. Hervin U. Roop, w^ho held the 
office until January 1, 1906, after w^hich time the administration of 
the College was in the hands of the Executive Committee and the 
Faculty, until the election of the Rev. A. P. Funkhouser, March 9, 1906 

During the successive administrations the work has grown from 
its original small proportions to the creditable conditions indicated 
by the various courses of study outlined in the present issue of the 
Bulletin. Three hundred and seventy four have been graduated 
in the literary department, and ninety-four in music. The Faculty 
from eight members in the beginning has been increased to its pres- 
ent number, eleven professors and eleven instructors. 

Three literary societies have been organized among the students, 
two for young men, the Philokosmian, organized in 1867, and the 
Kalozetean, in 1887 ; and one for young- women, the Clionian, organ- 
ized in 1872. 

The regular publications of the College are the Bulletin, issued 
quarterly by the Faculty : and the College Forum, published since 
1888 by the students. 

Immediately after the fire President Roop secured from Mr. 
Andrew Carnegie, w^ho had already presented the College with the 
library building, a gift of $50,000, on condition that a like amount be 
secured from friends of the institution. The work of rebuilding was 
at once begun, and by the opening of another year the work will no 
longer be handicapped by the external conditions existing since the 
fire ; but spacious and handsome accommodations will be furnished 
in the different buildings elsewhere described, for the various depart- 
ments of Lebanon Valley College. 

The directors of the College are a board of trustees elected from 
the Pennsylvania, East Pennsylvania, and Virginia annual confer- 
ences, and from the Alumni association. 



10 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

GENERAL INFORMATION. 
Buildings and Grounds. 

There are six buildings on the campus in use, the Carnegie 
library, the Engle music hall, the women's dormitory, the men's 
dormitory, the academy building, and the heating plant. 

THE CARNEGIE LIBRARY, a building of the Gothic style of 
architecture, was erected in 1904. It contains reading rooms, stack 
rooms, and seminar rooms, together with a large assembly room, at 
present used for general lecture purposes, and later intended to be 
converted into a stack room. 

THE ENGLE MUSIC HALL, of Hummelstown brownstone, 
erected in 1899, contains the college chapel, used for all large college 
gatherings, a director's office and studio, practice rooms, a large 
society hall, and a room for the department of art. The building is 
well equipped with pianos and a large pipe organ. 

THE WOMEN'S DORMITORY was erected in 1905, and is a 
building of beautiful proportions. In addition to rooms which will 
accommodate forty-five students, there are a society hall, a dining 
hall, a well equipped kitchen, and a laundry. 

THE MEN'S DORMITORY is a modern structure of brick with 
Indiana limestone trimmings. It contains single and double rooms 
and sixteen suites of two bed rooms with a separate study room. 
These afford accommodations for eighty-five students. This building 
was also erected in 1905. 

THE ACADEMY BUILDING, the original building of the insti- 
tution, and acquired by gift in 1866 when the College was founded, is 
now used as a dormitory and recitation hall for the academy students. 

THE HEATING PLANT, erected in 1905, is in harmony with 
the buildings above described. It contains a low pressure heating 
system of the most perfect construction and supplies the heat for all 
the buildings on the campus. It is constructed with a view to the 
installation of a light plant. 

THE ADMINISTRATION BUILDING, is the most important 
and central of the biaildings. It is built of buff brick with terra cot- 
ta trimmings, three stories high. It contains the recitation rooms of 
the College and the laboratories of the science department. The 
department of art is also to find here commodious and modern 
quarters. The administrative offices of fire proof construction are on 
the first floor. 



GENERAL INFORMATION 11 

To accommodate all of these buildings, the campus, orig-inally of 
ten acres, has been recently enlarged by purchase. It occupies a 
high point in the centre of the town of Annville and is within easy 
access of all trolley and railroad lines. 

The athletic field of five and one half acres, is well located and 
admirably adapted to the purposes for which it is intended. On it 
are erected a good grand stand and bleachers. 



Religious Work. 

Recognizing that most of its students come from Christian fam- 
ilies, the College has always tried to furnish religious training- It 
believes in cultivating the heart as well as the mind, and encourages 
all wholesome means of promoting Christian influence. 

Each school morning, a regular service is held in the college 
chapel, at which the students are required to be present. At this 
service there is singing, reading of scripture, and prayer. Members 
of the Faculty conduct this service. 

A students' prayer meeting is held once a week, and opportunities 
for Bible study and mission study are offered by the Christian asso- 
ciation in addition to those afforded by the regular curriculum. 

A Bible Normal class is conducted to train Sunday school teach- 
ers. The course extends over one year and a dijjloma is granted to 
all who complete the course. 

All resident students of the college are required to attend public 
worship in churches of their choice every Sunday. 

The religious life during the past year has been earnest and help- 
ful, and patrons may feel satisfied that high moral infiuences are 
being exerted constantly over their children. 



College Organizations. 

The College has flourishing Young Men's and 
Young Women's Christian Associations, which hold 
regular weekly devotional services and conduct 
special courses of Bible and mission study, often in charge of mem- 
bers of the Faculty. 

These organizations frequently are visited by the general secre- 
taries, who infuse enthusiasm into the work. Membership is voluntary , 



Christian 
Associations. 



1-2 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

and the success of these societies is an almost certain index of the 
natural condition of the religious life at Lebanon Valley Colleg-e. 

Under these auspices numerous public lectures, entertainments, 
and socials are held, so they contribute incalculably to the pleasure 
of the student body. They are the centre of the spiritual welfare of 
the students and deserve the hearty support of all connected with the 
College. 

Excellent opportunities for literary imj)rovement and 
1 erary parliamentary training are afforded by the societies of 
* the college. There are three of these societies — one 
sustained by the young ladies, the Clionian : and two by the young 
men, the Kalozetean and the Philokosmian. They meet every Fri- 
day evening in their well furnished halls for literary exercises con- 
sisting of orations, essays, and debates. These societies are con- 
sidered valuable agencies in college work, and students are advised 
to unite with one of them. 

, The Athletic Association is composed of all 

f *f students and others connected with the College, who 

ssocia ion ^^^ ^^^ required athletic fee. It elects besides its 
own officers, the managers of the various athletic teams. 

The direct supervision of athletics is in the hands of the committee 
of the association, called the executive board of athletics. This 
board is made up of seven members as follows : Two members of the 
Faculty of the college ; the president of the association, who is ex- 
officio president of the board ; the base ball, foot ball, and basket ball 
managers, and the treasurer of the association. 

The Biological Field Club offers to any student of 
?^^ the College an opportunity to collect, study, and 
discuss objects of interest in the field of living- 
nature. Frequent excursions are made to places of special interest 
to members of the club. 

. TheHistoricalSociety of Lebanon Valley College is 

. ^^ organzied by the students who have elected the his- 
"^ torical-political group together with such others as 
may be especially interested in historical studies. The purpose of 
the organization is to stimulate among the students the spirit of 
historical research. Members of the society are collecting material 
for a museum, which will be arranged in proper form as soon as 
suitable provision can be made in one of the new buildings. The 
society holds stated meetings, at which papers are read and subjects 
of historic importance are discussed. The members of the society 
from time to time visit places of historic note. 



\ GENERAL INFORMATION " ■ 13 

In order to stimulate interest in the study of 
o em an- ^^^ modern languag-es, at the request of the junior 
guag u ^^^ senior students of the modern lang-uage group, 
a club has been formed under the direction of the adviser of the 
group. The club meets every third Saturday evening or afternoon 
as occasion suggests. Student programs alternate with lectures by 
the teachers in the department. 

Library and Reading Rooms. 

The beautiful new Carnegie Library Building furnishes commod- 
ious quarters for the growing library of the College. Each depart- 
ment has its particular books for reference in addition to the large 
number of volumes for general reading and study. An annual 
amount is appropriated by the board of trustees for the purchase of 
new books, and plans are being made for the enlargment of the lib- 
rary in order to meet the growing needs of the college. 

Two large reading rooms on the first floor, splendidly lighted and 
ventilated, and beautifully furnished, are provided with the leading 
magazines and daily papers. Periodicals devoted to the special work 
of each department are here, as well as magazines of general litera- 
ture. On the second floor are six seminar rooms, designed to be 
equipped with the special works of reference for the various depart- 
ments, where students doing the most serious work may study 
undisturbed. 

Laboratories. 

Since the disastrous fire, December, 1904, the laboratories have 
been temporarily housed in the basement of the Carnegie Library. 

The northern half of the Administration Building is being fitted 
out for the work in Science. The Biological Department will occupy 
the third floor ; that of Chemistry the second and that of Physics the 
first floor. Each department will have its general laboratory, private 
laboratory and lecture room, stock and apparatus room. 

Literary and Musical Advantages. 

During the college year, the student body has the privilege of 
hearing lectures and talks delivered by resident professors and men 
of note in church and literary circles. 



14 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

The department of music together with the department of 
public speaking- presents a number of programs during the year for 
the pleasure and benefit of the general student body. Concerts and 
recitals by prominent musicians are given under the patronage of 
the department of music with the aim of creating in the student an 
appreciation for the best in art. 

For. the last two years a lively interest in dramatics has been 
aroused and sustained largely through the production of Shakes- 
pearean plays under the direction of the department of public 
speaking. Various college organizations have likewise presented 
plays of a high grade. These efforts in production help to broaden 
the interests of the student and to increase his powers for aesthetic 
appreciation. 

A further means of enjoyment and education is the evening course 
of five numbers including lectures and concert performers under 
the management of the Christian associations of the College. 

Scholarships. 

The College offers a limited number of one-hundred-dollar free 
tuition scholarships to honor graduates of State normal schools and 
approved high schools and academies. One scholarship is allotted to 
the first honor graduate of our own academy. 

Graduates of high schools and academies whose standard is not 
equal to that of our own academy, may enter the senior year of the 
academy and become competitors for our own academy scholarship. 

Honor graduates of preparatory schools who have conditions, may 
be allowed to make Ithem up in the freshman year. If the first 
semester's work shows a majority of A's and nothing less than B in 
all work including condition?, a scholarship may be awarded. 

The Faculty and Executive Committee shall make all scholarship 
awards. 

Graduate Work 

Since all its members are fully occupied with undergraduate work, 
the Faculty deems it unwise to off er any work for the degree of Master 
of Arts during the coming year. In rare cases sufficient resident 
work upon certain advanced courses given may be outlined. But as 
special action would be required in each case, no detailed announce- 
ment can be made here. All inquiries about graduate work should 
be addressed to the registrar. 



GENERAL INFORMATION 15 

Administration 



\ 

Advisers 



The following are the advisers for the students in 
each of the five groups in which courses of instruct- 
ion are offered : For the classical group, Professor Spangler ; for the 
philosophical, Professor John ; for the chemical-biological, Professor 
Derickson ; for the historical-political, Professor Shenk ; for the 
modern language. Professor Trovillo ; for the freshman class. 
Professor John, and for the Academy, Professor Spessard. The 
students of each group are amenable to the adviser in all matters of 
conduct, study, and discipline. He is to grant leave of absence, 
permission to go out of town, and excuses. His approval is necessary 
before a student may register for or enter upon any course of study, 
or discontinue any work. He is the medium of communication 
between the Faculty and the students of his group, and in a 
general way stands to his • students in the relation of friendly 
counsellor. 

. , It is earnestly desired that students may be in- 

** fluenced to good conduct and diligence by higher 

motives than fear of punishment. The sense of duty and honor, the 
courteous and g'enerous feelings natural to young men and women 
engaged in literary pursuits, are appealed to as the best regulators 
of conduct. It is the policy of the administration to allow in all 
things as much liberty as will not be abused, and the students are 
invited and expected to co-operate with the Faculty ; but good order 
and discipline will be strictly maintained and misconduct punished 
by adequate penalties. The laws of the College are as few and 
simple as the proper regulation of a community of young men and 
women will permit. The College will not place its stamp or bestow 
its honors upon anyone who is not willing to deport himself becom- 
ingly. No hazing of any kind will be permitted. Every unexcused 
absence from any college duty, every failure or misdemeanor of a 
student, is reported to the Faculty, and a record made of the same. 
The maximum number of hours, conditioned, 
eiassi ca I n pepu^itted for senior standing is four ; for junior 
standing six, for sophomore eight, and for freshman — to be decided 
for individual student by the committee on classification. 

The permitted number of extra hours of work above that pre- 
scribed by the curriculum is limited by the student's record for pre- 
vious years as follows : 

(a) Majority of A's, nothing less than B — no limit. 

(b) Majority of B's, nothing less than C— four hours. 

(c) Lower record than (b) — no extra hours. 



16 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

The sc-holarship of students is determinedfby 

^ss an ing result of examinations and daily recitations 
combined. The grades are carefully recorded. 

Reports of standing will be made to parent or guardian at end of 
each ;term when desired by them, or when the Faculty deems it 
expedient. The standing is indicated generally by classification in 
six groups, as follows : 

A signifies that the record of the student is distinguished. 

B signifies that the record of the student is very good. 

C signifies that the record is good. 

D signifies the lowest sustained record. 

E (conditioned) imposes a condition on the student. Conditions 
incurred in January must be made up b}' June ; conditions incurred 
in June must be made up by September. Failing to make up a 
condition at the time appointed is equal to a record F. 

F (failed completely) signifies that the student must drop or 
repeat the subjects, and cannot be admitted to subjects dependent 
thereon. 

If the student's record as a whole is poor, he may be required to 
repeat certain subjects, to repeat the year, or to withdraw. 

The degree of bachelor of arts is conferred, 



Degree 



by a vote of the board of trustees on recom- 



ana ii>i ma mendation of the Faculty, upon students who 
have satisfactorily completed any of the groups. 

Expenses 

COLLEGE AND ACADEMY 

Matriculation Fee, payable in advance $5.00 a year 

Tuition — Twenty hours' work or less, in college, .... 50.00 a year 
Twenty-four hours' work or less, in academy, . 50.00 a year 
Additional hours of work will be charged for at rate of $1.50 
for each hour per semester. 

Graduation Fee, payable 30 days prior to commencement . . $10.00 

Laboratory Fees per semester : 

Biology $6 00 

Histology 5 00 

Embryology . 5 00 

Comparative vertebrate anatomy 6 00 

Botany 2 00 

Physiology 2 00 

Chemistry 1 5 00 



\ GENERAL INFORMATION 17 

Other courses in chemistry . . $6 00 

Physics 1 5 00 

Elementary Physics 3 00 

TABLE "^BOARD AND ROOM RENT 
Table Board— Reg-ular students, $104.00 a year ; $2.80 a week. 
Five-day students, $74.00 a year ; $2.00 a week. 
Room Rent $40 to $60 a year, 

varying- as one or two students occupy one room and accord- 
ing to location of room. 

Students rooming alone at their own request will be required 
to pay full rent of the room. 

A reduction of one half of the regular fifty dollar tuition fee will 
be made to children of ministers in the active work. 

When two children are in attendance from the same family, a 
discount of 10.^^ from the regular tuition is made. 

Tuition and room rent are payable as follows: Twenty dollars at 
the opening of the school year; fifteen dollars after the Christmas 
holidays and the balance after Easter recess. College privileges 
will be extended only in accordance with the treasurer's card, held 
by the student. 

Table board must be paid for in advance, by the week, month or 
term, as most convenient to the student. The domestic department 
is not run for profit and the actual cost must be paid as incurred.. 

Laundry work will be done at the usual prices. 

To those desiring" to pay the year's expenses in advance, proper 
reductions will be made upon application. 

No reduction will be made in tuition and room rent for a seme- 
ster except for protracted sickness. 

Table board will be charged only for actual time in attendance, 
but no reduction will be made for an absence of less than a week. 

A deposit of three dollars will be required of each dormitory 
student upon entering school, to cover any damage to room during 
year. Any unexpended balance will be returned to student at end 
of year upon the return of key. 

Students are required to furnish their own towels, napkins and 
bedding except mattress. Every article of clothing and other per- 
sonal property should be marked with the owner's full name. 

Any student who receives beneficiary aid from the College may 
be called upon to render service to the College as an equivalent for 
all or any part of the aid so received. 

Opportunity for self help is extended to a limited number of stu- 
dents to the amount of their bills for tuition or room rent, and some- 
times for both. Application for such favors should be made to the 
President. 



18 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

Departments. 

Lebanon Valley College comprises the following- well organized 
departments : 

THE COLLEGE offers five groups of study leading to the degree 
of bachelor of arts. The groups bear the names of the leading 
subjects included in them. The following are the names of the 
groups : The classical, the philosophical, the chemical-biological, 
the historical-political, and the modern language. 

THE ACADEMY provides a three years' course designed to fit 
young people for the freshman class in any college. 

THE DEPARTMENT OP MUSIC offers full courses in instru- 
mental and vocal music and grants diplomas to those who complete 
either of the courses. 

THE DEPARTMENT OF ART provides thorough instruction 
in drawing and painting, with the aim of improving and developing 
the aesthetic sense. 

THE NORMAL DEPARTMENT has been organized to provide 
a training school for teachers. 

Admission to the College. 

Thei'e are three methods of admissions to the college. 

I. FROM THE ACADEMIC DEPARTMENT. All students 
who ha^^e satisfactorily completed the work of the Academy are 
admitted to the freshman class without examination. 

II. BY CERTIFICATE. Graduates from Pennsylvania State 
normal schools and from approved high schools and academies are 
ordinarily admitted to the freshman class without examination, upon 
presentation of properly prepared certificates. Satisfactory certifi- 
cate must state the length of time spent ii\ any subject, text used, 
and grade attained. Credit will be granted only for the amount of 
work certified. 

Grades and certificates from other colleges of good standing will 
be accepted for admission to higher college classes. 

Students coming from other institutions must present certificates 
of honorable dismissal. 

III. BY EXAMINATION. Candidates for the freshman class not 
provided with certificates mentioned above will be examined in the 
following subjects : 

German — (German may be substituted for Greek) grammar, 
books under German a and German b. 



GENERAL INFORMATION 19 

History— History of Greece, Rome, and the United States. The 
following texts will indicate the amount required : Meyer's History 
of Greece ; Meyer's Rome : Its Rise and Fall, second edition, ex- 
tended to A. D. 800; McMaster's History of the United States ; 
Fiskes's Civil Government. 

Science — Physical Geography (Davis); Physiology (Martin); Bot- 
any (Gray) ; Elementary Physics with laboratory course. 

English — Syke's English Composition and Hill's Foundation of 
Rhetoric are used in our own Academy. 

Candidates for admission to the freshman class must have passed 
these works or their equivalent to satisfy the entrance requirements 
in rhetoric. 

Candidates will also be examined in the following courses as 
outlined by the committee on uniform college entrance requirments : 

I. For g-eneral reading for the years 1907, 1908 : 

Shakespeare's Macbeth ; Shakespeare's The Merchant of Venice; 
Coleridge's The Ancient Mariner; Scott's Ivanhoe; Scott's Lady of 
the Lake; George Eliot's Silas Marner; Irving 's Life of Goldsmith ; 
Tennyson's Idyls of the King. 

For the years 1909, 1910, 1911 : Group I- (Two to be selected. 

Shakespeare's As You Like It, Henry V., Julius Csesar, The 
Merchant of Venice, Twelfth Night. 

Group II. (One to be selected.) 

Bacon's Essays ; Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress, Part I. ; The 
Sir Roger De Coverley Papers in the Spectator; Franklin's Autobio- 
graphy. 

Group III. (One to be selected.) 

Chaucer's Prologue; Spenser's Faerie Queen, (selections); Pope's 
The Rape of the Lock; Goldsmith's The Deserted Village; Palgrave's 
Golden Treasury (First Series) Books II. and HI. with especial atten- 
tion to Dryden, Collins, Gray, Cowper and Burns. 

Group IV. Two to be selected.) 

Goldsmith's The Vicar of Wakefield; Scott's Ivanhoe; Scott's 
Quentin Durward; Hawthorne's The House of the Seven Gables; 
Thackeray's Henry Esmond; Mrs. Gaskell's Cranford; Dickens's A 
Tale of Two Cities; George Eliot's Silas Marner; Blackmore's Lorna 
Doone. 

Group V. (Two to be selected.) 

Irving's Sketch Book; Lamb's Essays of Elia; De Quincey's Joan 
of Arc and the English Mail Coach; Carlyle's Heroes and Hero Wor- 
ship; Emerson's Essays (selected), Ruskin's Sesame and Lilies. 



20 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

Group VI. (Two to be selected.) 

Coleridge's The Ancient Mariner; Scott's The Lady of the Lake; 
Byron's Mazeppa and The Prisoner of Chillon; Palgrave's Golden 
Treasury (First Series) Book IV. with especial attention to Words- 
worth, Keats, and Shelley; Macaulay's Lays of Ancient Rome; Foe's 
Poems; Lowell's The Vision of Sir Launfal; Arnold's Sohrab and 
Rustum; Longfellow's The Courtship of Miles Standish ; Tenny- 
son's Gareth and Lynette, Lancelot and Elaine, and The Passing of 
Arthur; Browning's Cavalier Tunes, The Lost Leader, How They 
Brought The Good News from Ghent to Aix, Evelyn Hope, Home 
Thoughts from Abroad, Home Thoughts from the Sea, Incident of 
the French Camp, The Boy and the Angel, One Word More, 
Herve Riel, Pheidippides. 

II. Study and Practice — This part of the examination presup- 
poses the thorough study of each of the works named below. The 
examination will be upon subject matter, form, and structure. In 
addition, the candidate may be required to answer questions involv- 
ing the essentials of English grammar, and questions on the leading 
facts in those periods of English literary history to which the 
prescribed works belong. 

The books set for this part of the examination will be : 

For the years 1907, 1908 : 

Shakespeare's Julius Ca3sar ; Milton's Minor Poems, L'Allegro, 
II Penseroso, Comus, and Lycidas ; Burke's Conciliation with 
America, Macaulay's Essay on the Life of Samuel Johnson ; Mac- 
aulay's Essay on Addison. 

For the years 1909, 1910, 1911 : 

Shakespeare's Macbeth; Milton's Lycidas, Comus, L'Allegro, 
-^nd II Penseroso; Burke's Speech on Conciliation with America, or 
"Washington's Farewell Address and Webster's First Bunker Hill 
Oration ; Macaulay's Life of Johnson, or Carlyle's Essay on Burns. 

Mathematics— Arithmetic ; Algebra through Quadratics ; 
Plane and Solid Geometry. 

Latin— Grammar, including Prosody; Csesar, four books, or two 
books, and an equivalent for two, Sallust, Nepos, and Viri Romte; 
Cicero, five orations, including Pro Archia ; Virgil, five books of 
the ^neid. Equivalents from other authors will be accepted in 
part. Latin prose composition, Bennett's or Allen's or their equiva- 
lent ; reading at sight of easy passages from Csesar, Cicero, and 
Virgil. Grammar: Allen and Greenough's, Harkness's, or Bennett's. 

Greek— Grammar (Goodwin); Anabasis, four books ; Greek 
prose composition, twenty exercises of Jones, or their equivalent ; 
Iliad, tliree books. 



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DEPARTMENTS OF INSTRLXTION 25 

DEPARTMENTS OF INSTRUCTION 
Philosophy 

PROFESSOR JOHN 

1. Logic — Three hours. First Semester. 

This course presents the elements of deductive log-ic, laying- espec- 
ial emphasis on the formal and material fallacies. Hyslop's Elements 
of Logic with Minto's Logic for consultation on special topics. 

2. Psychology — Three hours. Second semester. 

This course is intended to acquaint the student with the elements 
of psychology and to serve as a general introduction to the study of 
philosophy. 

3. Psychology of Religion— ^^'qY^qxtc's,. First Semester. 

The aim is to find a religious meaning in the biological processes. 
A study is made of conversion as a normal event, of the conversion 
period, of the phenomena of conversion so as to control them in 
religious education. 

Starbuck is used as a guide. James. Coe, Hall, etc., as references. 

4. History of Philosophy — Two hours. Throughout the year. 
Special attention will be given to the problems of philosophy in 

their rise and historic development, through ancient, mediaeval, and 
modern periods* The aim will be to form the habit of philosophic 
thinking. Recitation and Lecture. 

Text: Roger's History of Philosophy. Reference to general his- 
tories of philosophy, and periodicals. 

5. Ethics — Two hours. Throughout the year. 

{a) Metaphysical Ethics — Lectures, theses, and discussions. 

The]main problems of ethics will be studied, chiefly with reference 
to their bearings on life. The more important psychological and 
sociological data will be presented. The question of the relation of 
the individual to society will be treated, and the metaphysical impli- 
cations discussed. 

{b) Applied Ethics — The lectures of this course will be devoted to 
a discussion of the 'practical value of the ethical ideas given by 
utilitarianism, testheticism, optimism, sociology, and culture. There 
will be considered the individualistic applications of these ideals, 
and the personal virtues. The course will conclude with a series of 
lectures on Christian Ethics. 

References : Aristotle, Kant, Fichte, Hegel, Mackensie, Sidg- 
wick, and others. 



26 - LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

u^sthetics — Two hours. First semester. 

Recitations, lectures, and theses. A careful examination is made 
of the Nature of Art with respect to form and significance, theories 
of the beautiful, the Art — impulse, and the influence of Art. The 
course concludes with a brief examination of the principles of 
Architecture. 

7. A Syste-rn of Philosophy — Two hours. Throughout the year. 

The object of this course is two-fold : (a) To acquaint the student 
with some of the great systems of philosophy ; (b) To give a syste- 
matic drill in philosophic thinking. This includes a survey of all 
the great problems of philosophy, a thorough study of the solutions 
given by the authors used as a guide, and a comparison with the 
solutions in other systems. The course ofifered in 1907-1908 will 
include the Psychology and Philosophy of Religion. 

Recitations, lectures, and these. 

Greek Language and Literature. 

PROFESSOR SPANGLER. 

1. Freshman Greek — Three hours. Throughout the year. 

Herodotus : Selections from several of the books are read. Re- 
view of the Greek historians and the Persian Wars. Greek prose 
composition. 

Plato : Apology and Grito, Plato and his dialogues. The Athe- 
nian Courts. 

New Testament Greek : Readings in the Pauline epistles. 

2. Sophomore Gi^eek — Three hours. Throughout the year. 
Xenophon : Memorabilia, or Demosthenes : De Corona. Socrates 

and the Socratic schools. The Attic orators. 

Sophocles : Oedipus Tyrannus, or Aeschylus ; Prometheus 
Bound. Development of the Greek drama. Greek tragedy, comedy 
and theater. 

3. Junior Greek — Three hours. Second semester. 
Aristophanes : Clouds, or Euripides : Alcestis or Orations of 

Lysias. 

Latin Language and Literature. 

PROFESSOR SHIPPEE. 

1. Freshman Latin — Four hours. Throughout the year. 
(a) Livy : This course includes Book XXI. and parts of Book 
XXII. describing Hannibal's advance upon Rome to the battle of 



DEPARTMENTS OF IXSTRUCTION 27 

Cannon. The author's style and peculiarities of syntax are studied. 
Prose composition based upon the text. Special chapters of Roman 
history are assigned. Wilkin's Roman Antiquities. Grammar is 
reviewed. 

(b) Cicero: De Senectute (1907,) or De Amicitia (1908) is read. 
Special studies in syntax and prose composition based upon the text. 

(c) Horace: Selections from the Odes and Epodes. A careful 
study is made of the poetical constructions, historical and illustrative 
facts, an analysis of the thought and general interpretation of each 
ode and epode read. The meters of Horace are carefully studied. 

2. Sophomore Latin — Three hours. Throughout the year. 

(a) Horace: Satires and Epistles. Selected satires and epistles: 
Ars Poetica. Special attention will be paid to the argument, style, 
and character portrayal, also their place in literature. Historical 
outlines of Roman literature. Bender's text and lectures. 

(b) Tacitus: Germania and Agricola. The historical and literary 
importance of both are brought out in the study of these works. 

(c) Quintilian. Books X. XII. This course aims to give a 
comprehensive view of the principles of rhetoric and oratory as 
taught by the Romans. This course alternates with course 2b. 

3. Junior Latin — Two hours. Throughout the year. 

(a) Cicero: De Officiis. This text is made the basis for the study 
of ethics as taught by Cicero and his predecessors. 

(b) Plautus and Terence. Selected plays are read from these 
authors. 

(c) Juvenal. This course alternates with 3b. Selected satires 
are read and are made the basis for a study of the character of the 
times. 

4. Senior Latin — Two hours. Throughout the year. 

(a) Cicero's Letters. May be arranged for semester or year as 
determined by the class at the beginning of the year. A study of 
the character and career of Cicero is made from selected letters 
and from other historical and biographical sources, 

(b) Remnants of Early Latin, (Allen and Egbert,) or Cicero De 
Oratore may be taken up as elective in senior year. 



Modern Languages 

The work in these languages is very practical. The languages are 
taught as living tongues reflecting the races who use them. French 
and German are used in the class-room as much as possible so that 



28 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

the students may have a good conception of these languages as actu- 
ally used, and so that they may get as much enthusiasm as possible 
for a permanent interest in these tongues. 



FRENCH LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE. 

PROFESSOR SHIPPEE. 

1. Elementary Course — Three hours. Throughout the year. 
French Grammar (Eraser and Squair); Contes et L^gendes (Part 

I.); French reader (Aldrich and Foster); Mairet : La Tache du Petit 
Pierre Mdrimee : Colomba; La Biche : La Grammaire ; Emile 
Girardin : La Joie Fait Peur. 

2. Second Year Course \ Three hours. Throughout th^ year. 
French Composition (Jeanne Bouvet); Moliere : L'Avare; Beau- 

marohais : Le Barbier de Seville ; Eugene Scribe : Les Doigts de F^e; 
Edmond About : Le Rois des Montagues ; Corneille: Cinna; Racine : 
Athalie; Rostand: Les Romansques; Guy de Maupassant : Contes 
Choisies. Conversation. 

3. Third Year Course — Two hours. Throughout the year. 

Meras : Syntaxe Pratique ; Moliere: Le Misanthrope, Le Bour- 
geois Gentilhomme ; Racine: Andromaque, Les Plaideurs; Corneille: 
Horace, Polyeucte : Hugo : Hernani ; De Vigny: Cinq-Mars; Dumas: 
Les Trois Mousquetaires; Coppee and de Maupassant : Selected Tales 
(Cameron) ; or Balzac : Eugenie Grandet ; Chateaubriand : Atala; 
Sainte-Beuve : Selected Essays; or, Super : Histoire de France 5 
French Lyrics (Canfield's collection); Pailleron : Le Monde ou L'on 
S'Ennuie. Conversation. Lectures on each author read. 

4. Seventeenth Century Literature — 

Warren: Selections from Descartes, La Rochefoucauld, Bossuet, 
La Bruyere, Pascal; Moliere: Amphitryon, Le Malade Imaginaire, 
Le Medecin Malgre Lui, Tartuife, Les Femmes Savantes; Racine 
Brittanicus, Ph^dre, Iphigenie, Berenice, Esther; Corneille: Le 
Menteur, Le Cid, Pompee; Faguet : Seventeenth Century Studies; 
La Fontaine: Fifty Fables ; Madame de Sevigne : Selected Letters; 
Boileau: L'Art Po^tique ; Gasquet : French Readings of the Seven- 
teenth and Eighteenth Centuries; Lanson: La Vie de Corneille; 
Monceaux : La Vie de Racine ; Durand ; La Vie de Moliere. (Open 
to all who have completed Course 3 with high credit.) Elective in 
senior year for students of modern language group. 



: DEPARTMENTS OF INSTRUCTION 29 

GERMAN LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE. 

PROFESSOR TROVILLO 

■ .' 1. Freshman German — Three hours. Throug-hout the year. 

Reading-, and class discussion, which as far as possible is carried 
on in German, of the following: Lessing's Minna von Barnhelm, 
Nathan der Weise ; Heine's Harzreise and selected poems; Baum- 
bach's Der Schwiegersohn; Heyse's L'Arrabbiata; Schiller's Maria 
Stuart. 

There is more or less German composition and grammar review 
in connection with all the texts read. Special emphasis is put on 
acquiring the vocabulary of domestic German life such as is found in 
Der Schwiegersohn. 

2. Sophomore German — Three hours. Throughout the year. 
Reading of Scheffel's Ekkehard, Fouque's Undine, Storm's In 

St. Jiirgen and Wenckebach's Meisterwerke des Mittelalters. In 
connection with the latter lectures on early German literature up to 
the 14th century will be given. 

3. Junior German— T\yo hours. Throughout the year. 

A study of the life of Goethe and his relation to German literature,, 
based on the reading of Dichtung und Wahrheit and lectures. Read- 
ing of Goethe's Gotz von Berlichingen, Iphigene, Goebel's selected 
poems' general survey of Hermann und Dorothea and Faust (with 
selected readings.) 

I. Special Sophomore German— FonvYiOMT^i. Throughout the year. 

This course is arranged for students who have a knowledge of both 
Greek and Latin. It includes a rapid but thorough study of Joynes- 
Meissner's Grammar, and the reading of the following or their 
equivalents: Wenckebach's Gllick Auf, Storm's Immensee, 
Zschokke's Der Zerbrochene Krug, Schiller's Wilhelm Tell, together 
with constant exercise in conversation and composition. 

Ex^gllsh Language and Literature 

PROFESSOR HARBOUR 

1. The Theory and Practice of English Gomposition—T\\oh.o\iYS. 
Throughout the year. 

This course includes a thorough study of rhetoric and extensive 
writing of short and long themes. There will be lectures and con- 
ferences, and the following text-books will be studied: Scott and 
Denny's Paragraph Writing, Wendell's English Composition, 
Lewis's The Forms of Prose Discourse, and Genung's Working Prin- 
ciples of Rhetoric. 



30 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

2. English Composition and History of English — One hour. 
Throughout the year. 

This course includes the writing and delivery of an oration each 
term, other long themes, and lectures on the history of the English 
language. Text-book : Arlo Bates's Talks on writing English, 
(two volumes.) 

Required of all sophomores who do not take English 2a and open 
only to those who have had English 1. 

2a. Argumentation — One hour. Throughout the year. 

This course includes brief drawing, much oral and written argu- 
ment, and a study of Baker's Principles of Argumentation and 
Baker's Specimens of Argumentation. 

This course may be taken only by sophomores who have the 
special consent of the department. 

3. History of English Literature — Four hours. First semester. 
A comprehensive survey of the history of English literature will 

be given by means of lectures, reference to leading critics, and out- 
side reading of representative selections or complete works of the 
leading English authors from the earliest times to the present. Text- 
book : Moody and Lovett's History of English Literature. The 
following is the reading list for 1907-1908: 

Beowulf (selections) (*) Chaucer: Prologue, Knight's Tale, Nun's 
Priest's Tale; Malory: King Arthur, Books I. and II.; (*) Spenser: 
Faerie Queen, Book I.; Shakespeare: As You Like It, (*) Hamlet, 
Richard the Third, The Tempest ; Marlowe : The Jew of Malta; Ben 
Jonson: The Alchemist; Bacon's Essays (selected); Milton: Paradise 
Lost, Books I and [I., Sonnets; Dryden: Palamon and Arcite, 
(*) Alexander's Feast ; Swift : Gulliver's Voyage to Lilliput ; Pope: 
(*) Essay on Man; Johnson: Milton ; Goldsmith : She Stoops to Con- 
quor, The Traveller, The Deserted Village ; Gray's Elegy; Burns : 
Cotter's Saturday Night and (*) other poems. Lamb's Essays (se- 
lected); Carlyle : Hero as Prophet. In Page's British Poets of the 
Nineteenth Century, are studied representative poems of Words- 
worth, Coleridge, Scott, Byron, Shelley, Keats, Landor, Tennyson, 
The Brownings, Clough, Arnold, Rossetti, Morris, and Swinburne. 
Scott's Kenilworth, Dicken's Tale of Two Cities, Thackeray's Vanity 
Fair, and George Elliot's Adam Bede are studied with outlines fur- 
nished. Works marked (*) and the nineteenth century poets are 
read as a whole or in part in class ; other works read outside and 
merely discussed in class. 

^^ ' 4. History of Americafi Literature — Four hours. Second 
semester. 



DEPARTMENTS OE INSTRUCTION 31 

Course 4 follows course 3, applying similar methods to the study 
of American literature. Text-books: Trent's American Literature, 
Bronson's American Literature, and Wendell's Literary History of 
America. 

An amount of reading- similar to that of course 3 is required. 

5. The English Drama /o/(5co— Three hours. First semester. 
(Omitted in 1906-07.) 

This course combines the theory of the drama and the history of 
the English drama to 1600, Proper perspective is secured by tracing 
in lectures dramatic development from the time of the Greeks. At 
the end of the course the main tendencies since 1600 to the present 
time are briefly outlined. Manly's two volumes of Pre-Shakespear- 
ean Specimens are studied; Woodbridge's Technique of the Drama 
is used, and typical plays of Lyly, Peele, Nash, Greene, Marlowe, 
•Jonson, and Shakespeare are read. References are also made to the 
best contemporary dramatic criticism. 

6. Poetics — Three hours. Second semester. (Omitted in 1906-07.) 
In this course the theories of Ariststle. Horace. Vida, Boileau , 

Jonson, Sidney, Dryden, Addison, Shelley, Hunt, Coleridge, Hazlitt, 
and Arnold ard studied, and poetry is studied technically. Each stu- 
dent prepares his own book of extracts from the later epic on which 
is made the basis of work in scansion. The aim above all else is to 
create a love for poetry built upon a sound mental foundation. 
Gummere's Handbook of Poetics and Saintsbury's Loci Critici. 

7. Old English — Two hours. First semester. 

This course aims to give the student an elementary knowledge of 
English in its oldest form and to fit him for advanced university work 
in English philology. Smith's Old English Grammar; all the select- 
ions in Bright's Anglo-Saxon Reader except the Phoenix. 

8. Middle English — Two hours. Second semester. 
Extensive reading of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales (editions of 

Moaris and of Skeat in the Clarendon Press Series.) Students must 
be acquainted with French, and Old English is desirable for the suc- 
cessful prosecution of this course. Pollard's Chaucer Primer and 
Emerson's Middle English Reader aro also used. 

9. The Novel and Literary Criticism — Three hours. First sem- 
ester. 

The history and nature of the novel will be studied in this course 
and an introduction to the principles of criticism will be given. 
(Students will be expected to read the following list of English novels 



32 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

in their chronological order): Sidney's Arcadia, Bunyan's Pil- 
grim's Progress, Swift's Tale of a Tub, Defoe's Captain Single, 
ton, Richardson's Pamela, Ann Radcliffe's Mysteries of Udol- 
pho, Jane Austen's Pride and Predjudice, Scott's Ivanhoe, 
Charlotte Bronte's Jane Eyre, Thackeray's Vanity Fair, Dick- 
en's David Copperfield, Trollope's Barchester Towers, George 
Eliot's Middlemarch, Stevenson's Treasure Island. Text- 
books: Winchester's Principles of Criticism and Perry's Study 
of Prose Fiction. 

10. Shakespeare — Three hours. Second semester. Critical read- 
ing of four of the leading plays. Rolfe's editions will be used. 
Students will also study Dowden's Shakespeare Primer and Sidney 
Lee's Life of Shakespeare. 



Mathematics and Astronomy. 

MATHEMATICS. 

PROF.l^JSSOR LEHMAN. 

1. Advanced Algebra — Four hours. First semester. 
Covering .ratio and proportion, variation, progressions, the 

binomial theorem, theorem of undetermined coefficients, logarithms, 
permutations and combinations, etc. Hawkes' Advanced Algebra. 

2. Plane and Spherical Trigonometry — Four hours. Second 
semester. 

Definitions of trigonometric functions, goniometry, right and 
oblique triangles, measuring angles to compute distances and 
height. Wentworth. 

Development of trigonometric formulae, solutions of right and 
oblique spherical triangles, with applications to astronomy. Went- 
worth. 

3. Analytic Geometry — Three hours. Throughout the year. 
The equations of the straight line, circle, ellipse, parabola, and 

hyperbola are studied, and so much of the higher plane curves and 
of the geometry of space as time will permit. Wentworth. 

4. Differential Calcultcs — Three hours. First semester. 
Differentation of algebraic and transcendental functions, maxima 

and minima, development into series, tangents, normals, evolutes, 
envelopes, etc. Osborne. 



DEPARTMENTS OF INSTRUCTION 33 

5. Integral Calculus— T\\vqq hours. Second semester. 
Integrations, rectification of curves, quadrature of surfaces, 

cubature of solids, etc. Osborne. 

6. Plane Surveying — Three hours. Second semester. 

A study of the instruments, field work, computing- areas, plot- 
ting, levelino-, etc. Wentworth. 

7. Differential Equations— TYivqq hours. First semester. 
A course in the elements of difi'erential equations. 
Prerequisite, Mathematics 3, -I. and 5. Murray. 

8. Analytic Mechanics — Three hours. Second semester. 
Bowser. 

Prerequisite, Mathematics 7. 

ASTRONOMY. 

PROFESSOR LEHMAN. 

1. General Astronomy — Four hours. First semester. 

The department is provided with a fine four-and-a-half-inch 
achromatic telescope equatorially mounted, of which the students 
make free use. Young-. 

History and Political Science. 

PROFESSOR SHEXK. 

1. MedicTval and Modern History — Three hours. Throughout 
the year. 

A general course prescribed in ?11 the groups. Papers, special 
reports, and theses, based on available original sources, will be 
required of all students. , Robinson : History of Western Europe ; 
Readings from European History. 

2. English Economic History — Three hours. First semester. 
The economic life and development of the English people during 

mediaeval and modern times. Special attention will be given to the 
manor system, the guilds, growth of commerce, the industrial 
revolution, the rise of trade unions, and the relation of government 
to industry. Cheyney: The Industrial and Social History of Eng- 
land ; Gibbins : Industry in England. 

3. English Constitutional History — Three hours. Second 
semester. 

The English Constitution and its historical development. A 
careful study of important documents will be made. Taswell-Lang- 
meade : Constitutional History of England. 



34 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

4. United States Constitutional History — Three hours. Throug-h- 
out the year. 

A full course covering- the colonial and constitutional periods. 
An extensive reading course of orig-inal and secondary sources is 
required. Channing- : Students' History of the United States ; 
Macdonald : Select Charters ; Macdonald : Select Documents. 

5. Historical and Practical Politics — Three hours. First semester. 
The development of the leading- governments of the world, and 

a comparative study of the same. Woodrow Wilson : The State. 

6. The Theory of the State — Three hours. Second semester. 

A course on the nature and end of the State. Willoughby : The 
Nature of the State, 

ECONOMICS AND SOCIOLOGY. 

PROFESSOR SHENK. 

1. Economics — Three hours. First semester. 

A general course in economic theory, supplemented by consid- 
eration of practical current problems. The standpoints of the 
different schools will be carefully considered. Bullock : Introduc- 
tion to the Study of Economics, 

2. Current Labor Problems — Three hours. Second semester. 

A course devoted principally to the important labor problems of 
the present day : strikes, labor organizations, employers' associa- 
tions, arbitration, trade agreement, labor legislation, etc. 

3. Cur7'ent Monopoly Problems — Three hours. Second semester. 

A study of the theories of monopoly, the tendencies of capital- 
istic combinations, government ownership of natural monopolies, 
railway combinations, etc. Courses 2 and 3 will alternate. 

4. Sociology — Two hours. Second semester. 

This course is intended to give the student a knowledge of the 
various theories of society together with the place of sociology in 
the general field of learning. 

English Bible. 

PROFESSOR JOHN. 

1. New Testament — Two hours. Throughout the year. 
Inductive study of the life and teachings of Jesus Christ as con- 
tained in the Gospels [1908-1909] , 

2, New Testament — Two hours. Throughout the year. 

The Acts and Epistles. Attention is given to the geographical 
and historical incidents in the life of Paul. A careful inductive 
study will be made of some of the Pauline Epistles [1907-8] . 



DEPARTMENTS OP INSTRUCTION 35 

3. Old Testament— l^w'oYioMv?,. Pirst semester. 
Inductive study of the Old Testament laws [1906-7]. 

4. Old Testament Prophecy /.—Two hours. Pirst semester 
[1907-8] . 

5. Old Testament Prophecy //.—Two hours. Second semester 
[1906-7] . 

Courses 4 and 5 will cover Old Testament prophecies. They will 
be studied inductively in their chronolog-ical and historical setting-. 

6. The Psalms and Old Testament Wisdom — Two hours. Second 
semester [1906-8]. 

Hebrew psalmody will be studied as literature and as an expres- 
sion of the national and religious life of Israel. Proverbs, Job, 
Ecclesiastes, and Lamentations will be taught, with a comparative 
study of the Apocryphal books, Ecclesiasticus and the Wisdom of 
Solomon. 

Biology. 

PROFESSOR DERICKSON 

1. General Biology — Pour hours. Throug-hout the year. 

To be preceded by Course 1 in drawing. The course consists of 
three recitations and four laboratory periods throughout the sopho- 
more year. In this course the work in the laboratory will begin with 
a study of the simpler forms of animal and plant life, and complete 
dissections will be made of several phyla of plants. Some of the 
animals studied will be amoeba, paramecia, vorticella, hydra, star 
fish, earth worm, lobster or cray fish, mussel or clam, grasshopper 
or cricket, and the frog. The class-work will cover all the objects 
studied in the laboratory, together with additional forms. 

Students contemplating the study of medicine and surgery are 
advised to elect Courses 2 and 3, and, if possible. Course 4. 

Parker's El^mertary Biology. Laboratory Guide : Dodge's 
Elementary Practical Biology. 

Note books and drawing paper are provided. 

2. Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy — Four hours. Throughout 
the year. Pive hours' laboratory work and one lecture or quiz 
each week. 

This course consists of the dissection and thorough study of a 
number of vertebrates. Typical forms, such as the lamprey, eel, 
skate, mud puppy, turtle, pigeon, and rabbit are dissected. 
Carefully made drawings are required of each student as a record of 



36 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

each dissection. Text : Parker's Zootomy and Martin's Hand-book 
of Vertebrate Dissection. 

Assig'ned studies in Parker and Has well's Zoology and Wieders- 
heim's Comparative Anatomy. 

3. Histology — Four hours. First semester. 

Three recitations and four laboratory periods weekly. The 
course is essentially that offered in medical schools leading to the 
medical degree. The class work will cover the normal histology of 
the human body, while the laboratory work will consist of the study 
and description of microscopic preparations showing cell structure 
and karyokinesis, the various kinds of epithelium, connective tissues, 
muscle, adenoid, vascular, and nerve tissues. The blood and the 
blood-forming, organs, the intestinal, the reproductory and genito- 
urinary organs, the skin and dermal appendages, the central nervous 
system, the special senses are then fully considered, and numerous 
microscopic preparations representing different methods of fixation 
and staining will be carefully studied. Text-book : Huber's Text- 
book of Histology, Bohm-Davidofi. Laboratory Guide : Huber's 
work on Histology. 

4. Comparaiive Embryology of Vertebrates — Four hours. Second 
semester. 

Three recitations and four laboratory periods weekly. The lab- 
oratory work will be based on the development of the chick, supple- 
mented by the pig and other embryological material. Students w^ill 
be required to stain, imbed, section, mount, and study embryos of 
various periods of incubation, and prepare notes and drawings of 
same. 

5. Zoology — Four hours. First semester. 

Three hours and two laboratory periods weekly. This course 
consists in the study of the structure, classification, habits, and dis- 
tribution of invertebrate and vertebrate animals with special refer- 
ence to influence of environment, and adaption, and to the general 
principles of organic evolution. 

GEOLOGY. 

1. General Geology — Four hours. Second semester. 

This course includes a study of the forces at work within and 
upon the crust of the earth, the rock-forming materials of crust and 
their arrangement into strata, and the historical successions of forma- 
tions. Instruction is given by lectures and recitations. The ground 
covered is approximately that laid down in Scott's Introduction to 
Geology. 



DEPARTMENTS OF INSTRUCTION 37 

Chemistry. 

MR. KREIDER 

1. General Inorganic Chemistry— Yqmv hours. Throughout the 
year. 

This course consists of two lectures, one quiz, and four hours of 
laboratory work a week. Its object is to give the student a compre- 
hensive and accurate knowledge of general chemistry and to lay a 
stable foundation for advanced work in that science. 

The ground covered is that laid down in Remsen's College Chem- 
istry which is used as the text for recitations and the guide for labo- 
ratory work. 

2. Qualitative Analysis — Four hours, First semester. 
Prerequisite, Chemistry 1. This course consists of one lecture 

and a minimum of eight laboratory hours a week. The object of the 
course is to familiarize the student with the best methods cf separa- 
ting and detecting the common metals and acids, and give him a 
broad view of the underlying principles of separation based upon the 
electrolytic theory. 

The student's accuracy is tested by unknowns at each step : the 
analysis of an extended series of complicated mixtures, alloys, and 
minerals completes the course. 

H. L. Wells' Qualitativs Analysis is used as a laboratory guide? 
but constant reference is made to Freseniusand other standard works. 

3. Quantitative Analysis — Four hours. Second semester. 
Prerequisite, Chemistry 2. The work of this course includes 

one lecture or quiz arid a minimum of eight hours of laboratory work 
a week. Its object is to give an introduction to quantitative analysis. 
Accuracy is insisted upon as a first requisite. 

The course includes the determination of chlorine, iron, sulphur, 
and phosphorus, the analysis of limestone, calibration of volumetric 
apparatus, and preparation of standard solutions. 

Text : Morse's Exercises in Quantitative Analysis. 

4. Quantitative Analysis — Four hours. First semester. 
Prerequisite, Chemistry 3. This is a continuation of course 3. 

The work is entirely individual, and while quite flexible, ordinarily 
includes the preparation of pure salts, assay of iron ores, electrolytic 
separations, carbon di-oxide, silicates, and fertilizers. 

This course may be extended throughout the year. 

Text : Morse's Exercises in Quantitative Analysis, with constant 
reference to Fresenius, Blair, Lord, and others. 



38 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

5. Watei'- Analysis — Four hours. First or second semester. 
Prerequisite, Chemistry 3. This includes a study of sources of 

water supply, methods of purification, and relation to health, together 
with practical laboratory work in the chemical and bacteriological 
examination of local water supplies. 

Text : Mason's Water Supply, with supplementary lectures. 

Laboratory work requires a minimum of eight hours a week. 

6. Organic Chemistry — Four hours. First or second semester. 
Three lectures and four laboratory hours a week. 

Text : Remsen's Organic Chemistry. 
Not offered 1906-7. 



Physics. 

1. General College Physics — Four hours. Throughout the year. 

The course includes two lectures, one quiz, and four laboratory 
hours a week. 

Texts : Ames's Text Book of General Physics, and Ames and 
Bliss's Manual of Experiments in Physics. 



Education. 



PROFESSOR JOHN. 

1. History of Education — Two hours. First semester. 
Beginning with the oriental nations, a survey will be made of the 

leading systems of education, in connection with the forces which 
produced them, and their influence upon culture as a whole. Mon- 
roe's History of Education is used as a guide. Painter's History of 
Education, Compayre's History of Pedagogy, and Quick's Educa- 
tional Reformers will be used as references. 

2. Psychology and Philosophy of Education — Two hours. Second 
semester. 

Educational principles will be subjected to the test of psychology 
and philosophy. Texts: Rosenkranz's Philosophy of Education, 
Harris's Psychologic Foundations, Tompkin's Philosophy of 
Teachinof. 



DEPARTMENTS OF INSTRUCTION 39 

Department of Oratory and Public Speaking. 

The art of oratory rests upon certain laws of nature, and it is 
the purpose of the department to present the work with this aim in 
view. The value of public speech is recognized and emphasized as 
a most powerful agency and as an avenue to usefulness. 

In the instruction special stress is laid upon originality and the 
development of individuality. Elocution is taught as the oral 
interpretation of literature — and a high standard of selections is 
maintained. The full course consists of three years — including the 
required year in the College. Students with previous training may 
finish it in less time. 

Course of Study. 

First Year. [Required — Freshman Year.) 

Elocution. — Types of literary interpretation. Principles of ex- 
pression. Modulation, emphasis, pitch, tone, quality, gesture, simple 
calisthenics, breathing, readings, extempore speaking. 

Interpretation and analysis of classics : Longfellow's Miles 
Standish, Dickens's Christmas Carols, Orations of Washington and 
Lincoln, Tennyson's Enoch Arden, Goldsmith's She Stoops to 
Conquer. Shakespeare's As You Like It. No text book. 

Second Year. [Special work.) 

Tone production, oral exercises, physical culture, emotional de- 
velopment, vocal psychology, gesture and pantomime, analysis of 
standard works, reading and recitation of selections, private work. 
Text : Southwick's Elocution and Action. 

Third Year. [Special work.) 

Philosophy of expression, history of oratory, melody and speech, 
advanced voice development, dramatic training, characterization, 
monologues, cuttings from standard authors, oration work, extem- 
pore speaking, interpretation of Shakespeare, Browning, etc., pri- 
vate work. Text : Raymond's Orator's Manual. 

Private Lessons. 

Persons who do not desire to graduate or take an entire course 
may arrange for lessons singly or by the term. In this case the work 
will be arrang-ed to suit the individual needs of the student. 



40 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

THE ACADEMY. 

THE FACULTY. 

HARRY EDGAR SPESSARD, A.M., Principal, 
Mathematics and English. 

JOHN EVANS LEHMAN, A.M., 

JMatheniatics. 

Rev. JAMES THOMAS SPANGLER,iA.M.,'2B.D., 

Greek. 

HIRAM HERR SHENK, A.M., 

History. 

SAMUEL HOFEMAN DERICKSON, M.S., 

■ Physiology and Botany. 

BESSIE TROVILLO, A.B., 
German. 

JOHN SMITH SHIPPEE, A.M., 

Latin. 

HOMER HOWELLS HARBOUR, A.B., 

English. 

JESSIE PAUL FUNKHOUSER, 
BLANCHE E. HUBER, 

Drawing. 

MILTON OSCAR BILLO^Y, 

Instructor in English. 

AMOS WALLICK HERRMAN, 

Instructor in English History. 

C. RAY BENDER, 

Instructor in Science. 

ROY J. GUYER, 

Instructor in Latin. 

ROGER SHERMAN BLAINE HARTZ, 

Assistant in Physics. 



THE ACADEMY . 41 

Plan and Purpose. 



The Academy is a distinct department of the College. The in- 
structors are all colleg-e trained men with years of experience. The 
purpose of the present instruction is to prepare young men and women 
for our own and other colleges, and for technical schools. Mathe- 
matics, three years' English, English grammar, theme writing and 
business forms, the ancitnt classics, history, and commercial geogra- 
phy are required. 

At least a'years' course in book-keeping is now required of every 
student. 

Hereafter graduating exercises will be held and diplomas will be 
presented to such as satisfactorily complete the regular academy 
course. 



Entrance Requirements 



Applicants from the public schools should have completed the 
eighth or grammar grade. No examination will be required in the 
common branches unless the candidate shall have neglected to 
present his grades from the school previously attended. A list of 
passing grades should be signed by the principal in charge. In case 
no grades are presented, an oral examination is given by the princi- 
pal in iVrithmetic, English Grammar, History, Geography, Physiol- 
ogy, etc. The candidate will then be entered on trial. 



Class Standing 



Examinations are held at the end of each semester. Daily 
grades are recorded and frequent tests are given. Soon after the 
semester examination reports are sent to the parents or guardians 
of 'all Academy students. Any irregularities or violations of the reg- 
ulations of the Academy will be indicated in the deportment grade. 

A, is distinguished ; B, is very good ; C. is good ; D, is passing 
grade ; E, is conditioned : F: is failure. 



42 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

Outline of Courses. 

JUNIOR YEAR 

Arithmetic — Advanced drill in fractions ; short cuts and 
percentage. 

yJ/^,f(^nz— Went worth's New School Algebra begun. 

Longman'' s E^iglish Grammar^ and the careful study of five Eng- 
lish classics. 

Commercial Geography. 

United States History — Completed in first semester. 

English History — Begun in second semester. 

Beginner's Latin and Ccssar. (One book). 

Academic Physiology — Laboratory work required. 

Book-keeping — Business practice with actual notes, checks, 
drafts, and vouchers according to best double entry system. 

Beginners'^ Greek — Second semester. (Optional). 

Students intending to enter the classical course in college may 
take Greek in the second semester, discontinuing book-keeping and 
omitting commercial geography. 

MIDDLE YEAR. 

Algebra — New School Algebra completed during the first 
semester. 

Geometry — Went worth's, second semester. 
English Compositio7i — Sykes's Five Classics. 
History — Myers's Greek and Roman. 
Latin — Ceesar and Cicero. 
Greeks Gerinan or French. 
Civics and Drawing. 

SENIOR YEAR. 

Geometry — Plane and Solid completed. 

English — Hill's Foundations of Rhetoric, five classics, and com- 
position exercises. 

Physics — Laboratory work required. 
Botany — Field and laboratory work. 
Latin — Virgil. 
Greek — (Homer), German, or French. 



THE ACADEMY 



43 



THE ACADEMY 

HARRY EDGAR SPESSARD, A. M., Principal 

Outline of Courses 

ettor near each subject designates the course. The figure, the nnniher of lionrs 

a week. 



Junior Year 


Middle Year 


Senior Year 


jMathematics a 


5 


jMathematics c 


4 


JNLithematics d 


4 


English a 


3 


English b 


3 


English c 


3 


Civics 


3 


History c 


3 


Science d 


3 


Latin a 


5 


Latin 1) 


5 


Science c 


2 


Science a 


2 


Greek b, German a 1 


_ 


Latin c 


5 


Drawing 


1 


or French a 




Greek c, or \ 
German 1). or - 












o 










French b j 




Mathematics a 


5 


JMathematics c 


4 


]ylathematics d 


4 


English a 


3 


English c 


3 


English d 


3 


Science b or 


) o 


History d 


3 


Science d 


3 


History b 


1 •' 


Latin b 


o 


Science c 


2 


Greek a or 


1 _ 


Greek b, German a ") 


_ 


Latin c 


5 


Latin a 


) 


or French a i 


5 


Greek c, or \ 
German b. or - 




Drawing 


1 


History e 


1 


5 






DraAying 


1 


French b ) 





the junior year, second semester, Greek-a shonld be elected instead of 
se-b and History b 

rench is offered only to students preparing for other institutions. Special 
;ements must be made ^vith the professor in charge. 

English 

(a) Junior English — Three hours. Throug-hout the year. Long- 
lan's Eag-lish g-rammar and five Eag-lish classics. Syke's English 
omposition begins in second semester. 

{b) Middle Year English — Three hours. Throughout the year. 

The year is devoted to the careful study of The Merchant of 
jenice, Julius Cassar, Macaulay's Life of Addison, Idyls of the King, 
ad The Rhyme of the Ancient Mariner. 

Syke's Elementary English Composition is used in connection 
ith theme work. 

(c) Senior English — Three hours. Throughout the year. 

Hill's Foundations of Rhetoric and Composition exercises. 



44 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

Carlyle's Essay on Burns, Burke's Speech on Conciliation, 
Shakespeare's Macbeth, Macaulay's Essay on Milton, Milton's Comus, 
Lycidas, L'Alleg-ro, and II Penseroso. 

German. 

(a) Beginnhi^ German — Five hours. Throug-hout the year. 
Grammar and Gltick Auf, first semester: Hoher als die Kirche, 
Germelshausen, and composition, second semester. 

Required in second year of all students preparing- for all groups 
except classical. 

{b) Second Year German — Five hours. Throug'hout the year. 

The following books or their equivalents will be read: Leander's 
Traumereien (sight) ; Storm's In St. Jiirgen; Meyer's Der Schuss von 
der Kanzel and Das Amulett; Schiller's Wilhelm Tell; Goethe's Her- 
mann und Dorothea. Composition. Required in third year of stu- 
dents preparing for all groups except classical. 

French. 

[a) Beginner's Course — Fraser and Squair's French Grammar 
(Part I.), Snow and Le Bon's Easy French, Aldrich and Foster's 
French Reader. Easy exercises in turning English into French. 
Elements of pronunciation. 

{b) Secondary Cou7^se — Fraser and Squair's French Grammar 
(irregulai- verbs), Bruno's Tour de la France, About 's La Mere de la 
Marquise, with additional reading according to circumstances. More 
advanced composition work. Thorough attention to pronunciation. 

Latin. 

{a) Junior Year Latin — Five hours. Throughout the year. 

Collar and Daniell's first year Latin is completed and one book 
of Csesar's Gallic War is read. The aim is to give a thorough drill 
on Latin inflections, to master the meaning and forms of a limited 
number of words, and to translate easy sentences into good idiomatic 
English. Composition. 

{b) Middle Year Latin — Five hours. Throughout the year. 

Csesar, books II. -IV., or their equivalent. Cicero, five orations, 
including Pro Archia. Grammar and Prose Composition. Texts: 
Csesar, Allen and Greenough; Cicero, Allen and Greenough. 

{c) Senior Year Latiji — Five hours. Throughout the year. 

Virgil, books I.-V., Prosody, Beren's Mythology, Bennett's Prose 
Composition. Text: Virgil, Greenough and Kittredge. 



THE ACADEMY 45 

Greek. 

{a) Beginning Gfcek—Yi\-e hours. Throughout the second 
semester. 

White's First Greek Book. 

{b) Second Year Greek — Five hours. Throughout the year. 
■ . Xenophon, four books of the Anabasis. Greek prose composition. 

{c) Third Year Greek — Five hours. Throughout tlie year. 

Homer, three books of the Iliad, epic poetry, mytliology. Greek 
antiquities, Greek literature, and Greek i^rose composition. 

History. 

. {a) Civics — Five hours. First semester. 
McMaster's History of the United States. 
{b) English History ~Thve& hours. Second semester. 
Parker's Essentials of English History is the text. 
{c) Greek History — Three hours. First semester. 
Myers's History of Greece. 

{d) Roman History — Three hours. Second semester. 
Myers's Rome : Its Rise and Fall. 

Mathematics. 

{a) Algebra — Four hours. Throughout the year. 

A careful drill for beginnings. Went worth's Elementary Alge- 
bra to simultaneous quadratic equations. 

{b) Algebra — Four hours. First semester. 

Elementary Algebra is completed. 

((f) Geometry— Youv hours. Second semester. 

Wentworth's Plane Geometry. Books I. and II. 

[d) Geometry — Four hours. Throughout the year. 

Wentworth's Plane and Solid Geometry is completed. Open 
only to students who have completed mathematics c or its full 
equivalent. 

Science. 

{a) Academic Physiology — Two hours. First semester. 
Martin's Human Body is the text. 



46 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

Some mammal will be dissected and the relation of the parts will 
be demonstrated to the class, while skeleton and charts will greatly 
aid in attaining a good knowledge of the subject. 

(d) Elementaiy Botany — Two hours. Throughout the year. 

In the beginning of the course observations, careful drawings, 
and notes are made of the various stages in the germination of seve- 
ral representative seeds sown by the students themselves. Roots, 
stems, leaves, fruits, etc., are studied from the objects or from 
charts, so that the students may be prepared to begin systematic 
botany with the appearance of the early flowers. An herbarium of 
no less than seventy-five plants with full analysis will be required of 
each student, together with laboratory work in plant dissection and 
elementary work in plant histology and ecology. Several of the 
cryptogams will be studied in the laboratory. 

Two recitations and one laboratory period a week. 

{c) EUni:iitary /^/zj/i^Vj-— Three hours. Thrau^-hout the year. 

The fundamental principles of mechanics, heat, sound, elec- 
tricity, and light, will be developed and discussed by experiments 
and recitations as thoroughly as time permits. 

In addition to class work, students will spend two hours a week 
in laboratory. Accurate notes are required. 

A working knowledge of algebra is required for admission to 
this course. 

Texts : Carhart and Chute's Physic ; Crew and Tatnall's 
Laboratory Manual of Physics. 

Drawing. 

The purpose of this course is to give all students of the Junior 
year one hour each week in free hand pencil drawing in outline to 
prepare them properly for later work in science, geometry, etc. 



Sub-Preparatory Course. 

Sometimes students of mature age come to us not fully prepared 
to enter the Academy. They have for various reasons attended 
school but a short time and find it embarrassing to enter the public 
schools with scholars so much younger than themselves. For these 
we make provision. However, at least sixteen hours of regular 
Academy work is required for classification. 



THE ACADEMY 47 

Arithmetic, U. S. History, Grammar, Book-keeping-, and Ele- 
mentary Physiolog-y are positive requirements for academic reg'is- 
tration. 



Facts to be Considered 

A one liundred dollar scholarship is awarded each year to the 
Academy graduate who has, according- to the vote of the Faculty, 
made the best class record and deported himself in accordance with 
regulations. 

Academy students are admitted to all social privileges of the Col- 
lege. Excellent opportunities are offered for self improvement in 
the Literary societies and Christian associations. 



The Normal Department 

MR. HOMER M. B. LEHN, PRINCIPAL 

The object of the Normal Department is to give special instruc- 
tion to young men and women who desire to teach in our public 
schools. 

All the fundamental branches in w-hich teachers are required to 
be examined are systematically and thoroughly reviewed and daily 
instruction is given in the i:»rinciples of teaching and the art of school 
management. 

The work in this deimrtment is continued throughout the year. 
During the spring term, which begins about the time public schools 
close, special teachers are employed to accomodate the increasing- 
numbers, These teachers are the best public school teachers obtain- 
able who know just what points to emphasize in preparation. 



48 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

DEPARTMENT OF MUSIC. 
Faculty. 

HERBERT OLDHAM, P.S.Sc, DIRECTOR, London, 

Piano, Organ ^ Etc. 

FLORENCE A. ROACH, 

Voice and Elocution. 

BESSIE TROVILLO, B.A., 

German. 

JOHN SMITH SHIPPEE, A.M., 

French. 

JESSIE PAUL FUNKHOUSER 

Painting^ Drawing. 

Location and Equipment. 

The Engle Music Hall is a handsome three-story stone structure. 
It contains a fine auditorium with large pipe organ, director's room, 
and nine practice rooms, waiting and writing room for student's 
use, large society rooms, lavatories, etc. The whole building is 
lighted by electricity and heated by steam, and designed and fur- 
nished with a view to having it complete in every respect for the 
study of music in all its branches. A complete musical education 
from the very first steps to the highest artistic excellence may be 
secured. The director will use every effort to obtain positions for 
those students who have finished the courses, and who may wish to 
teach or perform in public. 

Object. 

The department has for its object, the foundation and diffusion 
of a high and thorough musical education. The methods used are 
those followed by the leading European conservatories. The courses 
are broad, systematic, progressive, and as rapid as possible, and 
the conservatory offers the means for a complete education in 
musical art at a moderate cost. 

Herbert Oldham, Director. 

Director Oldham was born near London and educated there. He 
was choir boy in Christ Church Cathedral from the age of six years 
to that of seventeen. Studied the pianoforte, harmony, pipe organ, 
and voice, under Sir R. P. Stewart. After completing the academic 
course in Trinity College, Dublin, he studied pipe organ and com- 



DEPARTMENT OF MUSIC 49 

position with Sir John Stainer, organist of St. Paul's, London, the 
pianoforte with Sir Waher McFarren, of Cambridge University, and 
voice training with Signor Randegger, London. Later he went to 
Frankfort where he studied under Joachim Raff ; from there to Paris, 
studying under Emil Haberbier. In 1883 Professor Oldham toured 
through the United vStates as solo pianist to Camilla Urso, playing 
in two hundred and ninety-seven cities and towns. He then 
located in Toledo, Iowa, as director of the conservatory of Western 
College. Later he lived in Lincoln, Nebraska, and left Le Mars, 
Iowa, to take the direction of Lebanon Valley College Department 
of Music. 

Miss Florence A. Roach 
Miss Roach, a diploma pupil of Madame Pittoria Coppi Baldisseri, 
of Florence, Italy, is well equipped for her position as instructor of 
voice. Upon her graduation from High School she entered De Pauw 
University, Greencastle, Indiana, and after a course of study in the 
academic and music departments there, she went abroad with one of 
her teachers for more advanced work. AVhile abroad Miss Roach 
studied in Florence, Italy, with Madame Baldisseri of the famous 
Marchesi School, and aside from the development of her own voice 
she made a specialty of studying the placement and tone production 
of different voices under the personal training of Madame Baldisseri. 
Upon her return to America Miss Roach accepted the position as 
vocal instructor in Albany College. Albany, Oregon. From there 
after another course of study of tone production and oratorio with the 
Masters, Grosch and Dr. Allum of Chicago, she took up her work in 
Lebanon Valley. Miss Roach has appeared in concert work through- 
out the East and West and has always been prominent in glee and 
choir work. 

Pianoforte 

The course is divided into sixteen grades, equalling four grades 
per annum for four years, work. A comprehensive study of the stan- 
dard literature of instructive piano work is absolutely necessary to 
the piano student and these are studied through the various grades. 
The new school of studies edited by Carl Thumer and published in 
sixteen grades, along with Koehler's and Plaidy's Technical Exercises 
are the basis for the technical and etude work through all the grades. 

Voice 

It is the aim of this department to build up the voice, beginning 
with the simplest forms of pure tone production and proceeding sys- 



50 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

tematically to advanced vocalization. Perfect breath control, relax- 
ation^ and correct tone placing are the cardinal points in voice cul- 
ture, and these are carefully and rig-idly insisted upon. Phrasing", 
enunciation, and resonance are also given important consideration in 
the course. Special attention is paid to the needs of individual 
voices, and the studies are varied accordingly. 

Organ 

The Director has had twenty-five years' experience as concert and 
church organist, and has studied and played in Great Britain, Ger- 
many, and the United States. 

The student must be advanced to at least the sixth grade in the 
pianoforte course before taking up the study of the organ. 

The course prepared is based on the best methods of England, 
France, and Germany, and with a view to educating the student in the 
most thorough manner. Special attention is given to the proper 
modes of service playing, organ accompaniments, etc., as well as con- 
cert or recital playing. 

Harmony Course 

Is based on Brockhoven's Harmony and occupies four terms' 
work. It is taught in classes, but backward students can arrange for 
private lessons. 

Theory Course 

Is based on Elson's Theory and occupies three terms' class work. 

History Course 

Is based on Reimann's History of Music and Filmore's Lessons 
in Musical History, and occupies three terms of class work. 

Send to the Director for separate catalogue of the Department 
of Music containing the complete courses in all branches. 

LECTURES. — There will be lectures on musical history each 
term, and all regular students of the department will be required to 
attend them. 

CONCERTS. — Recitals and concerts by the students, the Faculty, 

[e 
year. 



• / DEPARTMENT OF MUSIC .51 

Certificates. 

REQUIREMEXTS FOR CERTIFICATES. 
Complete course in pianoforte or in any of the other subjects, 
viz.. voice, org-an, violin, harmony, theory, or history. 
Fee for certificate, $2.50. 

Diplomas. 

REQUIREMENTS FOR DIPLOMAS. 

Complete selected course, viz., piano, organ, violin or voice. 

In case of piano or organ student, three terms voice. In case of 
voice student, three terms piano. Complete courses in harmony, 
history, and theory. Three terms each in chorus class, English 
grammar, rhetoric and composition, literature. French, or German. 

Free tuition in any one of the literary studies. Each candidate 
to give a public recital during last term. 

Fee for diploma. $5.75. 

Degree. 

REQUIREMENTS FOR DEGREE. (Mus. B.) 

Candidates must already have taken a diploma. 

Must have freshman standing in any of the College courses. 

Two years, fugue, harmony, counterpoint, and composition. 

Must write a composition for four solo voices and chorus, to occupy 
about twenty minutes, and must train, rehearse, and conduct the 
same for public performance. 

Fee for degree, $10.00. 

Summer School. 

A summer music school will be held beginning June 15. and end- 
ing September 1. 

Send for separate circular to the Director. 

Examinations. 

All students taking any of the regular music courses, will be com- 
pelled to take the various examinations held the second week of April. 
These examinations are for entrance into the various classes (sopho- 
more, junior, and senior) the following September. AH senior 
students must Jake their final examinations at the same time. 

These will be held in the College chapel and are for perform- 
ance, not theory. A list of the various studies, selections, etc., can 
be obtained at anv time from the Director. 



52 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 



Expenses 



PRIVATE LESSORS S. 


a 

i ■ 


a 

a 


a 
1 

be 
t 


Voice, Piano, or Reed Organ, Two a week, by Director. 

Voice, Piano, or Reed Organ, One a week, by Director. 

Harmony, 

Pipe Organ, Two a week. 

Pipe Organ, One a week. 


$22 50 
11 25 
15 00 
30 00 
15 00 


$18 00 

9 00 

12 00 

24 00 

12 00 


$16 50 

8 25 

11 00 

22 00 

11 00 


CLASS LESSONS. 








Harmony, One lesson a week. 

Theory, One lesson a week, 

Musical History, etc.. One lesson a week, 


$7 50 
3 00 
3 00 


$5 00 
3 00 
3 00 


$5 00 
3 00 
3 00 


USE OF INSTRUMENTS. 






Piano, One hour a day. 
Pipe Organ, One hour a day. 


$2 50 
3 00 


$2 00 
2 50 


$2 00 
2 50 



Students taking' a full music course are charged a matriculation 
fee of $3.00 for the year, pa^-able in advance. This fee entitles stu-' 
dent to all privileg'es of the College. 

Students taking- piano, organ, or voice only are charged a matric- 
ulation fee of $1.00 payable in advance. 

Pipe organ students must pay at the rate of 10 cents an hour for 
organ blower. 

Fee for graduation diploma, $5.75 

RULES AND REGULATIONS.— No reduction is made for ab- 
sence from the first two lessons of the term, nor for a subsequent in- 
dividual absence. Incase of long continued illness the loss is shared 
equally by the College and the student. 

All tuition is payable in advance. 

Pupils may enter any time, but for convenience of grading, etc., 
the beginning of each term is the most desirable time. 

All sheet music must be paid for when taken. 

No pupil is allowed to omit lessons without a sufficient cause. 

Reports showing attendance, practice, and improvement in grade, 
will be issued at the close of each term. 

For all further information as to any particular course, or combi- 
nation of courses, rooms, boarding, etc., address 

DIRECTOR OF THE CONSERVATORY, . 
Lebanon Valley college, 



Annville, Pa. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 53 

DEPARTMENT OF ART. 

Jessie Paul Funkhouser, Principal. 

Course of Study for Certificate. 

First Year — Drawing- in pencil and charcoal, from geometric 
solids and casts. Free hand perspective. 

Second Year — Drawing- from casts of heads. Painting- in w\ater 
colors and pastels from still life and nature. Principles of design. 
Pen and ink sketching-. 

Third Year — Sketching- from life (draped model). Painting- in 
oils from still life and nature. Composition. History of art. 

The aim of the course is to develop a love for the beautiful, a 
knowledge of the good in art, and to lay a foundation for further 
study in academies and schools of art. 

Students who do not desire the certificate course may take 
special work along any line preferred. 

Classes in china-painting are instructed by the latest methods in 
conventional or naturalistic treatment. The china is fired in the 
studio, giving students an opportunity for learning how to fire their 
own china. 

Saturday work is ottered for teachers and children who cannot 
take work during the year. 

Art Exhibit. 

During commencement week an exhibit of some of the work done 
in the department is held in the studio, at which time all visitors 
are welcomed and entertained by members of the department. 

Expenses. 



Two lessons a week, 

Children's beginning class, 

Children's advanced class, 
Special lessons, 75 cents each. 
Matriculation fee, $1.00. 
China and art materials may be purchased for cash at the studio. 



Fall 


Winter 


Spring- 


Term 


Term 


Term 


$10.00 


$8.00 


^8.00 


16.00 


12.00 


12.00 


2.50 


2.00 


2.00 


1.00 


3.00 


3.0Q 



LEBANO^T VALLEY COLLEGE 



REGISTER OF STUDENTS. 
The College. 



GRADUATE 

Badding-er, David D., 
Daug-herty, Uria J., 
Gohn, Clinton Cleveland, 
Lutz, Lewis Walter, 
Peters, Jacob Mark, 
Peters, D. Aug"ustus, 
Sumner, Alfred C. T., 
Ulrich, Adam S., 
Ulrich, Georg-e A., 



STUDENTS. 

Lebanon 

Dallastown 

Wormle^^sburg- 

Dallastown 

Steelton 

Steelton 

Bonthe. West Africa 

Annville 

Philadelphia 



SENIORS. 

Bender, C. Ray, 
Esbenshade, Park F., 
Gehr, Elias M., 
Herr, William Eby, 
Herrmann, Amos Wallick, 
Knauss, Edward Emanuel, 
Lehman, Max Fisher, 
jMetzger, Maurice Rutt, 
Myers, Helen Ethel, 
Peitfer, Mary Elizabeth, 
Seitz, Irvin S., 
Shroyer, Eifie Evelyn, 
Sprecher, John Henry, 
btehman, Elizabeth Lucretia, 
Waughtel, Samuel H., 

JUNIORS. 

Appenzellar, Joseph Lester, 
Billow, Milton Oscar, 
Dotter, Charles G., 
Funkhouser, Mary W., 
Guyer, Roy Jones, 
Hartz, Roger Sherman Blaine, 
Knaub, Neda A., 
Kreider, Sallie Wenger, 
Lehn, Homer M. B., 
Linebaugh, Norman Lester, 



Halifax 
Bird in Hand 
Cedar Lane 
Annville 
Red Lion 
York 
Annville 
Middletown 
Mount Joy 
Lebanon 
Baltimore, Md. 
Shamokin 
Lebanon 
Mount ville 
Red Lion 



Chambersburo 

Shermansdale 

Annville 

Annville 

Shippensburg 

Palmyra 

New Cumberland 

Lebanon 

Annville 

Union Deposit 



REGISTER OF STUDENTS 



55 



Morgan, Rufus E., 
Oldham, Stanley Reginald, 
Shupe, Erma, 
Wilder, Henry L., 
Zuck, Alice M., 



Hays Grove 

Valley View 
Annville 
Dayton, Ohio. 
Hingham, Mass. 
Annville 



SOPHOMORES. 



Flook, Albert Daniel, 
Hamilton, William Emory, 
Hoerner, Lena May, 
Hoffer, George Nissley, 
Kreider, Gideon Richie, Jr. 
Mease, Oliver, 
Moyer, Amos B., 
Rechard, Elizabeth Hay, 
Richter, George M., 
Shoop, Charles Wilson, 
Stehman, Jonas Warren, 
AVeidler, Deleth Eber, 
Yeatts, Edna Delilah, 



FRESHMEN. 



Bair, Grover Cleveland, 
Bomberger, Harry K. . 
Carnes, Patrick J., 
Erb, Clyde S., 
Freed, Edith Nissley, 
Garrett, E. Myrtle, 
Harnish, Wilbur E., 
Harp, Hugh G., 
Herr, Lawrence DeWitt, 
Jacoby, John E., 
John, Rex Kephart, 
Kreider, Robert D., 
Leininger, John F., 
Lowery, Grace Burtner, 
Musser, Mary B., 
Maulfair. Iva B., 
Oldham, Cecelia, 
Roach, Mabel, 
Rutherford, F. Allen, 



Myersville.'"Md. 

Steelton 

Mechanicsburg" 

Hummelstown 

Annville 

Onset 

Sunbury 

York 

Halifax 

Harrisburg 

Mountville 

Allentown 

York 



Belleville 

Lebanon 

Hingham. Mass. 

Hockerville 

Derry Church 

Hummelstown 

Mech^nicsburg 

Benevola, Md. 

Annville 

York 

Annville 

Annville 

Chambersburg 

Harrisburg 

Mountville 

Annville 

Annville 

Rushville, 111. 

Royalton 



56 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 



Seltzer, Lucy S., 
Shaffer, Floyd E., 
Spessard, Walter ^V., 
Smith, George Mark, 
Strock, J. Clyde, 
Weidler, Victor_^0., 
Yoder, Jesse T., 



Lebanon 

Lebanon 

Annville 

Lebanon 

Mechanicsburg" 

Allentown 

Belleville 



UNCLASSIFIED. 



Bucke, Edwin, 

Cohen, Rose, 

Keath, James William, Jr. 

Lig-ht, E. Victor, 

Loose, Anna F., 

Lindsay, S. M., 

Lutz, Alice Katharine, 

Moyer, Harry B., 

Oberdick, Anna Louise, 

Oldham, Constance, 

Reese, Earl 

Shimmel, Carl, 

Whitehead, Edna P., 

Whitehead, S. May, 



Liverpool 

Lebanon 

Schaefferstown 

Annville 

Berne 

Steelton 

Shippensburg- 

Palmyra 

York 

Annville 

Shippensburg- 

Harrisburg- 

McKeesport 

McKeesport 



ACADEMY. 



SENIOR. 



Andrew, Harry W., 
Beckley, Arthur S., 
Brenneman, Samuel Roy 
Ellis, William Otterbein, 
H^iry, Martha B., 
Herr, Harvey E., 
Herr, Mabel S., 
Hershey, Paul Martin, 
Holdeman, Phares M., 
^Jacoby, John E., 
.John, Dwig'ht Trefts, 
jKreider, Anna Louise, 
Lehman, John Karl, 
Lig"ht, Jesse Grace, 



Strasburg- 

Lebanon 

Balfour 

Annville 

Annville 

Annville 

Annville 

Hershey 

Annville 

York 

Annville 

Annville 

Annville 

Annville 



REGISTER OF STUDENTS 



57 



Longenecker, Warren Benj., 
Major, Ralph Marshall, 
Mutch, J. Ralph, 
Rutherford, F. Allen, 
Savior, Rog'er B., 
Schaeffer, Clarence R., • 
Smith, Fred Suesserot, 
Snyder, Duke C, 
Spessard, Earl Augustus, 
Shoop, William Carson, 
Walters. Olive Irene, 

^Entered Lebanon Valley College 



Hummelstown 
Lebanon 
Palmyra 
Royalton 
Annville 
Chambersburg- 
Chambersburg" 
Liverpool 
Annville 
Annville 
Annville 
September 1906. 



MIDDLE. 



Andes, Harry A.. 
Eng'le, Ada Elizabeth 
Foltz, Warren K., 
Funderburk, .Joseph V.., 
Funderburk, Virgil F., 
Landis, Edna M., 
Lig-ht, Carrie S., 
Mutch. .1. Edward, 
Riland, Albanus S., 
Snyder, Verda Alene, 
Spessard, Lester L., 
Wert, Mark H., 
Winey, Charles Wilfred, 
Fleurie, Edna P., 



JUNIOR. 



Barnholt, -J. Hay, 
Condran, Elsie. 
Funkhouser, Edward K., 
Gubitz, H. G., 
Heberling-, S. May, 
Heffelfing-er, Victor M., 
Holzapfel, Cora Grace, 
Kreider, Edward Landis, 
Lehr, S. Gertrude, 
Walmer, Harry Keim, 
Winemiller, George Bowman, 
Zuck, Alfred Tennyson, 



Harrisonburg-, Va. 

Hummelstown 

Palmyra 

Columbia, S.'C. 

Columbia, S. C. 

Union Deposit 

Jonestown 

Palmyra 

Cressona 

Keedysville, Md. 

Annville 

Landingville 

Richfield 

Newport 



Mount ville 

Annville 

Annville 

New Haven, Conn. 

Fredericksburg* 

Cleona 

Cleona 

Palmyra 

Lykens 

Reading 

Harrisburg 

Annviile 



58 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 



Normal Department. 



Artz, Stella K., 
Bacastow, Ira J., 
Bacastow, Mary Mag-dalena, 
Becker, Martin Eberly, 
Behney, Harry M., 
Behney, Jacob^E., 
Bender, Harry, 
Bicksler, Anna, 
Bicksler, Virg-inia L. 
Bohn, James, 
Bohn, Matilda May, 
Bomg-ardner, Lizzie E., 
Books, Arthur Shuey, 
Boyer, Ervin E., 
Brandt, Clayton L., 
Brandt, Edna Mae, 
Brubaker, George P., 
Cassel, Jacob Herbert, 
Clauser, Katharine, 
Ditzler, Noarth F., 
Dondore, Willis A., 
Donmoyer, Thomas F., 
Early, Henry H., 
Ensminger, Harvey, 
Eshelman, Genevieve, 
Felty, Edna, 
Felty, Irene, 
Forney, Harry S., 
Gemmi, Lillian, 
Gingrich, Harry, 
Goss, Dorothy B., 
Graybill, Joseph L., 
Groh, Ida, 
Groh, Samuel B., 
Hartz, Ira J., 
Hauer, Mamie L., 
Heffellinger, Victor M., 
Heilman, ClaraJS., 
Heilman, Edith E., 
Heilman, George E., 
Heilman, Katherine, 
Heilman, William J., 



Lickdale 

Palmyra 

Palmyra 

Schoeneck 

Fredericksburg 

Fredericksburg 

Annville 

Palmyra 

Fredericksburg 

Onset 

Lebanon 

Lebanon 

Palmyra 

Lebanon 

Lebanon 

Lebanon 

Lebanon 

Grantville 

Annville 

Onset 

Avon 

Onset 

Palmyra 

Annville 

Lebanon 

Onset 

Onset 

Lebanon 

Bismarck 

Lickdale 

Middletown 

Palmyra 

Heilman Dale 

Lickdale 

Palmyra 

Lickdale 

Cleona 

Cleona 

Cleona 

Cleona 

Lebanon 

Cleona 



REGISTER OF STUDENTS 



59 



Himmelberger, Abraham M. 

Hotter, Irwin S., 

Holzapfel, Cora Grace, 

Hostetter, Cyrus G.. 

Keath, Georg-iette C, 

Knoll, Harry W., 

Koons, David^T,, 

Kreider, Isaac J,, 

Kreider, Sarah, 

Lebo, Oren S., 

Lehman, Clayton G., 

Lentz, Emma Lydia, 

Light, Bertha G., 

Light, Boas G., 

Light, E. Victor, 

Light, Grace E., 

Light, Katie M., 

Light, Martin Good, 

Light, Milo, 

Loser, Daniel, 

McAndrews, Richard, 

Maulfair, A. A., 

Mease, Harry, 

Mease, Mabelle, 

Mease, Monroe, 

Meily, Robert Andrew, 

Meily, Amanda, 

Meyer, Irvin C, 

Miller, Elizabeth Mae. 

Moyer, Morris M., 

Moyer, Paul S., 

Nye, Carrie Elizabeth, 

Owen, S. Almerta, 

Rabuck, Katie M., 

Rank, A. Kathryn, 

Reist, Allen E., 

Rittle. Jennie Naomi, 

Schropp, John A., 

Seabold, Mary A 

Shaak, Alice M.,"^ 

Shanaman, Olive^Katherine,'; 

Shelly, Daniel, o".. 



Heilman Dale 

Palmyra 

Cleona 

Annville 

Schaefferstown 

Annville 

Lebanon 

Lebanon 

Cleona 

Landisburg 

Campbelltown 

Avon 

Lebanon 

Avon 

Annville 

Avon 

Annville 

Lebanon 

Annville 

Fredericksburg 

Kingston 

Lebanon 

Onset 

Onset 

Onset 

Heilman Dale 

Jonestown 

Annville 

Bismarck 

Palmyra 

Campbelltown 

Annville 

New Bloomfield 

East Hanover 

East Hanover 

Lebanon 

Avon 

Pinegrove 

Annville 

Lebanon 

Lebanon 

Lebanon 



60 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 



Sherk, John E.. 
Sholiey, Cora Mabel, 
Sholley, Rufus P., 
Snavely, George J., 
Snavely, Julia, 
Spang-ler, Abner C, 
Steckbeck, Grant B., 
Strauss, Clifford, 
Strohman, Mag-g-ie M., 
Swang-er, Mary E., 
Wag-ner, Raymond, 
Walmer, Katie A., 
Walters, Harry W., 
"Weng-er, Annie U., 
Weng-er, Thomas Mark, 
Witters, Bessie Irena, 
Ulrich, Urias A., 
Yieng-st, Levi, 
Yoder, Claude A., 



Fredericksburg" 

Lebanon 

Eustontown 

Cleona 

Cleona 

Annville 

Lebanon 

Fredericksburg 

Lebanon 

Lebanon 

Suedburg 

Jonestown 

Lebanon 

Annville 

Annville 

Mount Zion 

Lebanon 

Mount Zion 

Lebanon 



Department of Music. 

p.— Piano v.— Voice O.— Pipe Organ Hist.— History 

SENIORS. 

Albert, Alberta A., P. Lebanon 

Albert, Mark A., P. Annville 

Coppenhaver, Florence, P. Lebanon 

Cunkle, Elva P., P. Newport 

Ebright, Llda, P. (Certificate) Reading 

Eckenroth, Elizabeth, P, (Certificate) L'^banon 

Evans, Mark, P. Palmyra 

Faus, Eli A., P. Manheim 

Hay, M. Alberta, P. Lebanon 

Herr, Mabel S., P. Annville 

Maulfair, Iva B., V. Annville 

Mock, Mabel, P. Schaefferstown 

Spessard, Arthur R., V. Annville 

Oberdick, A. Louise, V. Y^ork 

Stengle, Verna L, V. Oberlin 

Walmer, Gertrude, P. ' Lebanon 

Wolf, Florence H., P. Mt. Wolf 



REGISTER OF STUDENTS 



61 



UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS 



Albert, Alberta, P. Hist. V. 
Albert, Mark, P. Hist. T- V. 
Altenderfer, Mrs., O. 
Blouch, Cora, O. 
Boltz, Walter, P. 
Bowman, Marguerite, V. 
Bomberg-er, Emma, P. 
Bowers, Walter, G. C. 
Bomberg-er, Dillman, P. 
Condran, Elsie, P. T. 
Coppenhaver, Florence, P. 
Ebrig'ht, Lida, P. 
Ensming-er, Mabel, P. 
Ensming'er, Henry, P. 
El^kenroth, Eliz., P. 
Erb, Pearl, P. 
Esbenshade, Park. G. C. 
Evans, Mark, P. V. 
Feg'ley, Annabelle, V. 
Fasnacht, Irene, P. 
Fans, Eli A., P. O. V. H. 
Fleurie, Edna, P. V. H. 
Fink, Sallie, P. 
Freed, Edith, V. 
Funkhouser, Mary, P. 
Funkhouser, Jessie, V. 
Frantz, Edith, V. 
Flook, A. D., G. C. 
Gambler, Lydia, V. 
Gallagher, Nellie, P. 
Gallatin, Elizabeth, P. 
Gettel, Mary, V. 
Gingrich, Edith, P. 
Haak, Edna, P. 
Haight, Rachel, V. 
Hartman, Frank, P. V. T. Hist. 
Hay, M. Alberta, P. Hist. V. 
Hauer, Lillie, P. 
Hatz, Erwin, P. V. 
Henry, Martha B., P. T. 



Heberling, S. May, P. 

Herr, Mabel S., P. V. Hist. 

Herr, L. DeWitt, V. 

Herr, William E., V. 

Holzapfel, Cora, P. 

Harp, Hugh, G. C. 

Hamilton, W. Emory, V. G. C. 

Jacoby, John E.. P. 

Johnson, Emily, V. 

Klopp, Florence, P. 

Kreider, A. Louise, P. H. 

Kreider, Gideon R., G. C. 

Lehman, Reba F., V. 

Lehr, Gertrude, P. T. 

Lowery, Grace, P. V. 

Light, AdeJaide, P. 

Light, Jessie G., P. T. H. 

Lehman, Max F., G. C. 

Major, Ralph, G. C. 

Maulfair, Iva, P. V. 

Maulfair, Ralph, P. 

Maulfair, Mary, P. 

Mills, Alfred K., V. 

Meyers, May, P. 

Moyer, Irma, V. 

Musser, Mary B., P. V. H. 

Nye, Florence, P. T. 

Oberdick, A. Louise, V. H. Hist. 

Oldham, Celia, V. 

Oldham, Constance, P. 

Ristenbatt, Beulah, V. 

Roberts, Irene, P. 

Roach, Mabel, O. 

Steinmetz, Mayme, P. 

Strickler, Josephine, P. 

Spessard, Earl A., V. G. C. 

Spessard, Arthur, V. P. G. C. 

Shenk, Jacob H., G. C. 

Schropp, Ruth, P. Hist. 

Schaeffer, C. R., P. 



62 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 



Schmidt, Edward, P. 
Shaud, Elizabeth, P. T. 
Shenk, Rachael, P. 
Simpson, Fanny, P. Hist. 
Smith, Fred, O. 
Snyder, Verda, V. 
Strickler, William, O. 



Stroh, Minnie, P. 
Weber, Ruth, V. 
Witman, Virginia, P. 
Witman, Catherine, P. 
Walmer, Gertrude, P. Hist. 
Wolf, Florence H., P. V. H. 
Yake, Elmer, P. 



Students in Art. 



Batdorf, Emma, 
Batdorf, Mary, 
Eng-le, Elizabeth, 
Fasnacht, Alva, 
Fleurie, Edna P., 
Henry, Martha B. 
Lehman, Reba F., 
Lutz, Alice K., 
Maulfair, Mary, 
Meyer, May, 
Mills, Ellen W., 
Moyer, Elizabeth, 
Oldham, Constance, 
Rechard, Elizabeth H. 
Shupe, Erma, 
Snyder, Verda A. 
Spessard, Lester A., 
Yeatts, Edna D., 
Wolf, Florence H., 
Zuck, Alice M., 



Annville 

Annville 

Hummelstown 

Annville 

Newport 

Annville 

Annville 

Shippensburg 

Annville 

Annville 

Annville 

Derry Church 

Annville 

York 

Dayton, Ohio 

Keedysville, Md. 

Annville 

York 

Mount Wolf 

Annville 



Summary. 

Graduate Students 9 

Undergraduate Students 84 

Seniors . . . ■ 15 

Juniors 16 

Sophomores 13 

Freshmen 26 

Unclassified M 

Academy 51 



REGISTER OF STUDENTS 63 

Normal Department 103 

Department of Music 96 

Department of Art 20 

363 
Names repeated 47 

Total 316 

The above summary of students includes all who have matricu- 
lated from April 1, 1906, to April 1, 1907. 



Degrees Conferred June 13, 1906. 

BACHELOR OF ART. 

Andrew Bender Ida May Martin 

Charles Adam Fry Isaac Rismiller 

Robert B. Graybill John Christian Rupp 

John Brenneman Hambright Cyrus Edgar Shenk 

Ora Mabel Harnish Emanuel E. Snyder 

Ruth Mary Hershey Max O. Snyder 

Merle Montgomery Hoover Paul Moury Spangler 

J. Warren Kaufmann John Curvin Strayer 

Ray Garfield Light John J. Unger 

DIPLOMAS IN MUSIC. 

Margaret Davis Berlin Iva Berniece Maulfair 

Lawrence DeWitt Herr A. Lucille Mills 

Lizzie Hiester Lizzie Moyer 
Edith Rebecca King 

DOCTOR OF DIVINITY. 

Rev. C. I. Brown Rev. J. A. Lyter, A.M. 

Rex. Daniel D. Lowery Rev. W. H. Washinger, A.M. 

Rev. Elmer U. Hoenshel, A.M- 



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