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Full text of "Lebanon Valley College Catalog"

Lebanon Valley College 

CATALOGUE 



APRIL-1908 



I90f— 190a 



College Founded, A. D., 1866 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2011 with funding from 

LYRASIS IVIembers and Sloan Foundation 



http://www.archive.org/details/lebanonvalley190708leba 



Lebanon Valley College 



FORTY-SECOND ANNUAL CATALOGUE 



Annville, Pa., 1908 



Press of 
Journal Publishing Company, 

ANNVILLE, Pa. 

1908. 



2 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

CALENDAR. 

1907-1908. 

1907. 
September 11, Wednesday, College year began. 
December 21, Saturday, Christmas vacation began. 

1908. 
January 2, Thursday, Christmas vacation ended. 
January 24, Friday^ First semester ended. 
January 27, Monday, Second semester began. 
April 10, Friday, Anniversary of Kalozetean Literary Society. 
April 17-21, inclusive, Easter recess. 

May 1, Friday, Anniversary of Philokosmian Literary Society. 
May 20-22, Senior final examinations. 
May 25-29, Final examinations. 
May 30, Saturday, Memorial Day — holiday. 
May 31, Sunday, 10:30 a. m., Baccalaureate sermon. 

7:30 p. m.. Address before the Christian Associations. 
June 1, Monday, 2:00 p. m., Meeting of Board of Trustees. 

7:43 p. m., Exercises by the Graduating Class in 
Music. 
June 2, Tuesday, 7:43 p. m., Junior Oratorical Contest. 
June 3, Wednesday , jo: a. m.. Forty-second Annual Commencement. 
12:00 m. , Alumni Banquet and Re-union. 

1908-1909. 

1908. 
September 14 and 15, Examination and registration of students. 
September 16, Wednesday, College year begins. 
November 26, Thursday, Anniversary of Clionian Literary Society. 
November 26 and 27, Thanksgiving Recess. 
December 23, Wednesday, Fall term ends. 

1909. 
January 6, Wednesday, Winter term begins. 
January 25, Monday, Mid-year examinations begin. 
January 28, Thursday, Day of Prayer for Colleges. 
January 29, Friday, First Semester ends. 
February 1, Monday, Second Semester begins. 
February 7, Sunday, Day of Prayer for students. 
February 22, Monday, Washington's Birthday — holiday. 
March 26, Friday, Winter term ends. 
March 30, Tuesday, Spring term begins. 
June 9, Wednesday, Forty-third Annual Commencement. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

THE CORPOR.ATION 



BOARD OF TRUSTEES 

President Lawrence Keister, and Faculty, Ex-Officio. 



RESIDENCE 



TERM EXPIRES 



Represent^at^ives from Lhe Pennsylvania Conference 



Rev. Daniel Eberly, D.D., 
Rev. Wm. H. Washinger, D.D., 
Rev. John E. Kleffman, A.B., 
John C. Heckert, Esq., 
George C. Snyder, Esq., 
Rev. Cyrus F. Flook, 
Rev. John W. Owen, A.M., 
*Rev. S. N. Moyer, 
Rev. G. K. Hartman, A.B., 
Rev. a. B. Statton, A.M., 
W. O. Appenzellar, Esq., 



Hanover 
Chambersburg' 
Red Lion 
Dallastown 
Hagerstown, Md. 
i\Iyersville, Md. 
Baltimore, Md. 
Baltimore, Md. 
Hagerstown, Md. 
Hagerstown, Md. 
Chambersburg 



Represent*atives from the East Pennsylvania Conference 



Hon. W. H. Ulrich, 
Isaac B. Haak, Esq., 
H. H. Kreider, Esq., 
Rev. J. A. Lyter, D.D. 
Benjamin H. Engle, Esq., 
Jonas G. Stehman, Esq., 
Rev. D. D. Lowery, D.D. 
Samuel F. Engle, Esq., 
George F. Breinig, Esq., 
D. Augustus Peters, Esq. 
M. S. Hendricks, Esq., 



Hummelstown 

Myerstown 

Annville 

Harrisburg 

Hummelstown 

Mount ville 

Harrisburg 

Palmyra 

Allentown 

Steelton 

Shamokin 



Representatives from the Virginia Conference 



Rev. a. p. Funkhouser, D.D., 

Rev. J. N. Fries, A.M., 

J. N. Garber, Esq., 

Rev. G. W. Stover, 

Rev. S. R. Ludwig, 

Rev. a. S. Hammack. 



Harrisonburg, Va. 
Berkeley Springs, Va. 
Harrisonburg, Va. 
Staunton, Va. 
Keyser, W. Va. 
Harrisonburg, Va. 



1908 
1909 
1909 
1908 
1908 
1909 
1908 
1910 
1910 
1910 
1910 



1909 
1910 
1910 
1910 
1909 
1010 
1910 
1909 
1910 
1909 
1909 



1909 
1908 
1908 
1908 
1909 
1909 



TRUSTEES-AT-LARGE— Hon. Marlin E. Olmstead, LL.D., Har- 
risburg ; B. Frank Keister, Esq., Scottdale ; Warren B. 
Thomas, Esq., Johnstown; Ezra Gross, Esq., Greensburg; 

AIvUMNAL TRUSTEES— Prof. H. H. Baish, A. M., '01, Altoona. 

Rev. R. R. Butterwick, AM., '01, Schuylkill Haven; 

Rev. E. O. Burtner, B.S., '90, Mt. Joy. 
^Deceased 



4 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

OFFICERS AND COMMITTEES OF THE BOARD 

OFFICERS 

President ... - Samuel F. Engle, Esq. 
Vice-President - - Rev. Daniel Eberly, D.D. 
Secretary - - - Rev. Isaac H. Albright, Ph.D. 
Treasurer - - - E. Benjamin Bierman, Ph.D. 

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 
Lawrence Keister J. G. Stehman 

Benjamin H. Engle E. Benjamin Bierman 

R. R. Butterwick J. E. Kleffman 

W. H. Ulrich 

FINANCE COMMITTEE 
Jonas G. Stehman J. C. Heckert 

W. H. Ulrich J. S. Mills 

B. P. Keister S. F. Engle 

W. H. Washinger 

FACULTY COMMITTEE 
W. H. Washinger W. H. Ulrich 

D. D. Lowery Daniel Eberly 

AUDITING COMMITTEE 
H. H. Baish E. O. Burtner 

LIBRARY AND APPARATUS COMMITTEE 
J. C. Heckert S. R. Ludwig 

R. R. Butterwick E. O. Burtner 

H. H. Shenk 

GROUNDS AND BUILDINGS COMMITTEE 
George F. Breinig J. W. Owen 

G. W. Stover 

FIELD SECRETARY— Rev. R. R. Butterwick, A.M. 
PRECEPTRESS— Miss M. Edna Engle 
MATRON— Mrs. Violette Freed. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 5 

THE FACULTY AND OFFICERS. 



Eev. LAWRENCE KEISTER, S.T.B., D.D., 
President [igoy] 

JOHN EVANS LEHMAN, A. M., 
Professor of Mathematics and Astronomy {188I) 

Rev. JAMES THOMAS SPANGLER, A.M., D.D., 
Professor of Greek Language a?id Literature {iSgj) 

HERBERT OLDHAM, F.S.Sc, 
Director of the Department of BLiisic, and Professor oj 
» Piano and Organ {iSgS) 

HIRAM HERR SHENK, A. M., Dean, 

Professor of History and Political Science {igoo) 

Rev. lewis FRANKLIN JOHN, A. M., D. D., 
Professor of English Bible and Philosophy {igoi) 

SAMUEL HOFFMAN DERICKSON, M. S., Secretaey, 
Professor of the Biological Sciences {igos) 

HARRY EDGAR SPESSARD, A. M. 

Principal of the Acade-tny {igo4) 

JOHN SMITH SHIPPEE, A. M., 

Professor of Latin and French {igo6) 

ANDREW BENDER, A.B. 

Professor of Chemistry and Physics, [igoy) 

M. EDNA ENGLE, A. M. 
Professor of English {1907) 

EDWARD M. ROEDER, A.M. 
Professor of German, {igoy) 

Rev. S. EDWIN RUPP, A. M. 

Professor of Sociology, {igoy) 

FLORENCE A. ROACH 
Professor of Voice Culture {igo6) 



6 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

THE FACULTY AND OFFICERS Continued 



JESSIE PAUL FUNKHOUSER, 

Instrudof in Art. 



RUTH E. RIGLER, B.L, 

histructor m Elocution 



FLORENCE S. BOEHM, 

Instructor in Art. 



WILLIAM EBY HERR, A.B , 

Librarian. 



MILTON OSCAR BILLOW, 
Instructor in the Academy and Assistant in Biology. 



ROY J. GUYER, 

Instructor in Latin. 

STANLEY REGINALD OLDHAM, 
Instructor in English. 

AMOS B. MOYER, 
Instructor in Civil Government. 

H. M. B. LEHN, 
DAVID W. McGILL, 
PIERCE E. SWOPE, 
Instructors in Normal Department. 

Rev. Y\^ J. ZUCK, D.D., 
College Pastor. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 7 

HISTORY OF THE COLLEGE. 

Lebanon Valley College originated in the action of East Pennsyl- 
vania Conference at its annual session held at Lebanon in March, 
1865. Resolutions were passed deciding the question of establishing a 
higher institution of learning to be located within the bounds of the 
East Pennsylvania or of the Pennsylvania Conference. One year 
later the committee appointed recommended in its report : first, the 
establishment of a school of high grade under the supervision of the 
church ; second, to accept for this purpose the grounds and buildings 
of what was then known as the Annville Academy, tendered as a gift 
to the Conference ; and third to lease the buildings and grounds to a 
responsible party competent to take charge of the school for the 
coming year. School opened May 7, 1866 with forty-nine students. 
By the close of the collegiate year one hundred and fifty-three were 
enrolled, thus demonstrating* at once the need of such an institution 
in this locality and the wisdom of the founders. 

In April, 1867 the Legislature granted a charter with full univer- 
sity privileges under which a College faculty was organized with 
Rev. Thomas Rees Vickroy, Ph.D., as president and Prof. E. Benja- 
min Bierman as principal of the Normal Department. In this same 
year the Philokosmian Literary Society was organized by the young 
men, eleven acres of additional land were purchased and a large 
brick building erected thereon with chapel, recitation rooms, presi- 
dent's office and apartments for sixty boarding students. The build- 
ing was not furnished and fully occupied till the fall of 1868. 

The first regular commencement occurred June 16, 1870, v/hen 
the first three graduates, William B. Bodenhorn, Albert C. Rigler 
and Mary A. Weiss received their diplomas. 

About two years later opposition to the school manifested itself 
and President Vickroy stated in his report to the annual Conference 
that the attendance of students was reduced from one hundred to 
seventy-five, and the cause of this diminution was persistent opposi- 
tion on the part of certain brethren. 

President Vickroy directed the affairs of the institution for five 
years from 1866 to 1871. During his administration the charter was 
prepared and granted by the State Legislature, the laws and regula- 
tions for the internal workings framed and adopted, the curriculum 
established and two classes — those of 1870 and 1871 — were graduated. 
In June, 1871, Prof. Lucian H. Hammond was elected president. 
During his term of office five classes were graduated, the Clionian 
Literary Society organized by the ladies, and the College made steady 



8 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

and substantial progress, but failing- health compelled him to resign 
in June, 1876. 

Rev. David D. Belong, D.D. became the third president. He 
found it necessary to reconstruct the faculty and retained but two of 
the former teachers. The Kalozetean Literary Society was instituted 
to awaken interest in literary work among the young men by means 
of a healthy rivalry and the music department was organized. In 
the summer of 1883 a large two story frame building was erected on 
College Avenue, containing art room, music rooms, the department of 
natural science, a museum and the College library. During his presi- 
dency one hundred and seven students were graduated, fourteen in 
music and ninety-three in the literary department. 

After an interregnum of several months Rev. Edmund S. Lorenz, 
A.M. was elected president and took up the work with energy and 
ability. Enlargement was his motto and the friends of the College 
rallied to his support. Post graduate studies were offered. The 
College Forum made its appearance under the editorship of the Fac- 
ulty. With a devotion that won the admiration of his friends he 
labored incessantly for nearly two years to make the College the peer 
of any in the State but under this strain his health failed and he was 
obliged to retire at the close of the collegiate year of 1889. 

The fifth president. Rev. Cyrus J. Kephart, D.D., assumed the 
duties of his office at the opening of the fall term in 1889. He secured 
creditable additions to the endowment fund but because of discourag 
ing conditions declined re-election at the close of the first year. 

The question of re-locating the College agitated its constituency, 
divided its friends and greatly hindered its progress. Some were 
almost in despair, others were indifferent, while others hoped and 
waited for the best. Under these conditions the Board of Trustees 
met in special session July 28, i890, and called Dr. E. Benjamin Bier- 
man to the presidency. He was inaugurated on the evening of the 
sixth of November following. Buildings were renovated, a larger 
number of students enrolled and the Mary A. Dodge Fund of ten thou- 
sand dollars received, " the interest of which only is to be loaned with- 
out charge to such pious young people as the Faculty of the College 
may deem worthy of help as students. ' ' The Silver Anniversary of the 
College was celebrated June 15, 1891, when money was raised to 
purchase four acres of ground to be added to the college campus- 
With the experience of twenty-five years of earnest effort to combat 
opposition and overcome error and misconceived notions of higher 
education and to build up an institution of learning creditable to the 
United Brethren Church the friends of the College entered upon the 
second quarter ot a century with new hope and aspiration. 



HISTORY OP THE COLLEGE 9 

President Bierman served successfully until the spring of 1897 
when he was succeeded by Rev. Hervin U. Roop, Ph.D., who held the 
office till Jan. 1, 1906, after which time the administration was in the 
hands of the Executive Committee and the Faculty until the election 
of Rev. A. P. Funkhouser, A.M., March 9, 1906. 

The presidency of Dr. Roop stands out as the period when the 
group system in the College curriculum was introduced, when the 
athletic field was acquired, when the disastrous fire of December 2-1, 
1904 occurred, sweeping away the Administration Building in a few 
hours, and when several new buildings arose on the campus. — Engle 
Music Hall 1899, and the Carnegie Library and Ladies Dormitory in 
1904. The recuperative powers of the institution were put to the test 
by the destruction of the main building. At a meeting held January 
5th, 1905, the friends of the College resolved, amid unusual enthu- 
siasm to rebuild at once and with the stimulous of a gift of fifty thou- 
sand dollars from Andrew Carnegie received by the President, plans 
were matured by which to raise one hundred thousand dollars for this 
purpose. The erection of three new buildings was projected — the 
Men's Dormitory, the Central Heating Plant and the new Administra- 
tion Building, the latter being completed under the supervision of 
President Funkhouser, whose term of office is marked also by a 
strenuous effort to straighten out the tangled threads in the financial 
skein and to meet the debt which rose to almost or altogether ninety 
thousand dollars. Bonds were issued to the amount of fifty thousand 
dollars and the co-operative college circles organized to relieve the 
financial conditions. 

Rev. Lawrence Keister, S.T.B.,D.D.,was elected president of the 
College June 10, 1907, at the. annual session of the Board of Trustees. 
On the 12th of June he assumed the duties of the office bringing to 
the task an earnestness and devotion that awakened a new interest 
among the students, the Faculty and the friends of the institution and 
also solicited the money to secure the much needed equipment for the 
Science Department. When school opened September 11, 1907 the 
sky above Lebanon Valley College was bright with promise. A new 
chord of hannony had been touched and with the ideal of the Christ- 
ian College ever before its managers and patrons and a holy purpose 
forever within them their desire is unitedly to move forward confid- 
ing in Him who says to His followers to-day : ' ' All power is given 
unto me in heaven and on earth." 



10 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

GENER.AL INFORMATION 
Buildings and Grounds 

There are seven buildings on the campus in use, the Carnegie 
Library, the Engle Music Hall, the Women's Dormitory, the Men's 
Dormitory, the Academy Building, the Heating Plant, and the 
Administration building. 

THE CARNEGIE LIBRARY, a building of the Gothic style of 
architecture, was erected in 1904. It contains reading rooms, stack 
rooms, and seminar rooms, together with a large assembly room, at 
present used for general lecture purposes, and later intended to be 
converted into a stack room. 

THE ENGLE MUSIC HALL, of Hummelstown brownstone, 
erected in 1889, contains the college chapel, used for all large college 
gatherings, a director's office and studio, practice rooms, and a large 
society hall. The building is well equipped with pianos and a large 
pipe organ. 

THE WOMEN'S DORMITORY was erected in 1905, and is a 
building of beautiful proportions. In addition to rooms which will 
accommodate forty-:five students, there are a society hall, a dining hall, 
a well equipped kitchen, and a laundry. 

THE MEN'S DORMITORY is a modern structure of brick with 
Indiana limestone trimmings. It contains single and double rooms 
and sixteen suites of two bed rooms with a separate study room. 
These afford accommodations for eighty-five students. This building 
was also erected in 1905. 

THE ACADEMY BUILDING, the original building of the in- 
stitution, and acquired by gift in 1866 when the College was founded, 
is now used as a dormitory and recitation hall for the academy 
students. 

THE HEATING PLANT, erected in 1905, is in harmony with 
the buildings above described. It contains a low pressure heating 
system of the most perfect construction and supplies the heat for all 
the buildings on the campus. It is constructed with a view to the in- 
stallation of a light plant. 

THE ADMINISTRATION BUILDING, is the most important 
and central of the buildings. It is built of buff brick with terra cot- 
ta trimmings, three stories high. It contains the recitation rooms of 
the College and the laboratories of the science denartment. The 



GENERAIv INFORMATION 11 

department of art has here commodious and modern quarters. The 
administration offices of fire proof construction are on the first floor. 

To accommodate all these building's, the campus, orig-inally of 
ten acres, has been recently enlarged by purchase. It occupies a 
hig-h point in the cenlre of the town of Annville and is within easy 
access of all trolley and railroad lines 

The athletic field of five and one half acres is well located and 
admirably adapted to the purposes for which it is intended. On it 
are erected a good grand stand and bleachers. 

Religious Work. 

Recognizing that most of its students come from Christian fam- 
ilies, the College has always tried to furnish religious training. It 
believes in cultivating the heart as well as the mind, and encourages^ 
all wholesome means of promoting Christian influence. 

Each school morning, a regular service is held in the college 
chapel, at which the students are required to be present. At this 
service there is singing, reading of scripture, and prayer. Members 
of the Faculty conduct this service. 

A students' prayer meeting is held once a week, and opportunities 
for Bible study and mission study are ofl'ered by the Christian asso- 
ciation in addition to those afforded by the regular curriculum. 

A Bible Normal class is conducted to train Sunday school teach- 
ers. The course extends over one year and a diploma is granted to 
all who complete the course. 

All resident students of the College are required to attend public 
worship in churches of their choice every Sunday. 

The religious life during the past year has been earnest and help- 
ful, and patrons may feel satisfied that high, moral influences are 
being exerted constantly over their children. 



College Orgcii^izatlons. 

p, , . The College has flourishing Young Men's and 

Young Women's Christian Associations, which hold 
Assocaations. regular weekly devotional services and conduct 
special courses of Bible and mission study, often in charge of mem- 
bers of the Faculty. 

These organizations frequently are visited by the general secre- 
taries, who infuse enthusiasm into the work. Membership is volun- 



12 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

tary, and the success of these societies is an almost certain index of 
the real condition of the religious life at Lebanon Valley College. 

Under these auspices numerous public lectures, entertainments, 
and socials are held, so that they contribute incalcuably to the plea- 
sure of the student body. They are the centre of the spiritual wel- 
fare of the students and deserve the hearty support of all connected 
with the College. 

Excellent opportunities for literary improvement 
Literary ^^^ parliamentary training" are afforded by the societies 
Societies ^^ ^^^ college. There are three of these societies — one 
sustained by the young ladies, the Clionian, and two by the young 
men, the Kalozetean and the Philokosmian. They meet every Fri- 
day evening in their well furnished halls for literary exercises con- 
sisting of orations, essays, and debates. These societies are con- 
sidered valuable agencies in college work, and students are advised 
to unite with one of them. 

The Athletic Association is composed of all stu- 
. . dents and others connected with the College, who 

Association ^^^ ^^^q required athletic fee. It elects besides its 
own officers, the managers of the various athletic teams. 

The direct supervision of athletics is in the hands of the committee 
of the association, called the executive board of athletics. This 
board is made up of seven members as follows : Two members of the 
Faculty of the college ; the president of the association, who is ex- 
officio president of the board ; the base ball, foot ball, and basket ball 
managers, and the treasurer of the association. 

The Biological Field Club offers to any student of 
mo ogica ^j^g College an opportunity to collect, study, and discuss 
objects of interest in the field of living nature. Fre- 
quent excursions are made to places of special interest to members of 

the club. 

The Historical Society of Lebanon Valley College 
IS onca ^g organized by the students who have elected the his- 
ocie y torical-political group together with such others as 
may be especially interested in historical studies. The purpose of 
the organization is to stimulate among the students the spirit of his- 
torical research. Members of the society are collecting material for 
a museum, which will be arranged in proper form as soon as suitable 
provision can be made in one of the new buildings. The society 
holds stated meetings, at which papers are read and subjects of his- 
toric importance are discussed. The members of the society from 
time to time visit places of historic note. 



GENERAL INFORMATION 13 

In order to stimulate interest in the study of the 
® ®*'" ^"" modern languages, at the request of the junior and 
guage a senior students of the modern languag'e group, a club 
has been formed under the direction of the adviser of the group. 
The club meets every third Saturday afternoon or evening as occa- 
sion suggests. Student programs alternate with lectures by the 
teachers in the department. 

Library and Recadmg R.ooms 

The beautiful new Carnegie Library Building furnishes commo- 
dious quarters for the growing library of the College. Each depart- 
ment has its particular books for reference in addition to the large num- 
ber of volumes for general reference and study. An annual amount 
is appropriated by the Board of Trustees for the purchase of new 
books, and plans are being made for the enlargement of the library 
in order to meet the growing needs of the College. 

Two large reading rooms on the first floor, splendidly lighted and 
ventilated, and beautifully furnished, are provided with the leading 
magazines and daily papers. Periodicals devoted to the special work 
of each department are here, as well as magazines of general litera- 
ture. On the second floor are six seminar rooms designed to be 
equipped with the special works of reference for the various depart- 
ments, where students doing the most serious work may study undis- 
turbed. 

Laborat^orles 

The northern half of the Administration Building is fitted for 
work in science. The Chemical laboratory occupies the first floor, 
the Physical the second, and the Biological the third. Each depart- 
ment has its general laboratory seventy feet by twenty eight. These 
rooms are planned for practical working laboratories and the student 
will find everything arranged for his convenience. Stock rooms 
join the laboratories and the lecture rooms have seats with tablet 
arms. Risers g'ive each student full view of the lecture table. 



Literary ai^d Musical Advai^tages 

During the college year, the student body has the privilege of 
hearing lectures and talks delivered by resident professors and men 
of note in church and literary circles. 



14 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

The department of music tog-ether with the department of 
public speaking- presents a number of prog-rams during- the year for 
the pleasure and benefit of the general student body. Concerts and 
recitals by prominent musicians are given under the patronage of 
the department of music with the aim of creating in the student an 
appreciation for the best in art. 

For the last two years a lively interest in dramatics has been 
aroused and sustained largely through the production of Shakes- 
perean plays under the direction of the department of public speak- 
ing. Various college organizations have likewise presented plays of 
a high grade. These efforts in production help to broaden the 
interests of the student and to increase his powers for aesthetic ap- 
preciation. 

A further means of enjoyment and education is the evening course 
of five numbers including lectures and concert performers under 
the management of the Christian associations of the College. 

Scholarships 

The College offers a limited number of one-hundred-dollar free 
tuition scholarships to honor graduates of State Normal Schools and 
approved high schools and academies. One scholarship is alloted to 
the first honor g-raduate of our own academy. 

Graduates of high schools and academies whose standard is not 
equal to that of our own academy, may enter the senior year of the 
academy and become competitors for our own academy scholarship. 

Honor graduates of preparatory schools who have conditions may 
be allowed to make them up in the freshmen year. If the first 
semester's work shows a majority of [A's and nothing less than B in 
all work including conditions, a scholarship may be awarded. 

The Faculty and Executive Committee shall make all scholarship 
awards. 

Graduate Work 



Since all its members are fully occupied with undergraduate work, 
the Faculty deems it unwise to offer any work for the degree of Mas- 
ter of Arts during the coming year. In rare cases sufficient resident 
work upon certain advanced courses given may be outlined. But as 
special action would be required in each case, no detailed announce- 
ment can be made here. All inquiries about graduate work should 
be addressed to the Dean. 



GENERAL INFORMATION 15 

Administration 



^ , . The following are the advisers for the students in 

each of the five groups in which courses of instruction are 
offered: For the classical group, Professor Spangler; for the mathemat- 
ical-physical, Professor Bender ; for the chemical-biological. Professor 
Derickson ; for the historical-political, Professor Shenk ; for the 
modern language. Professor Engle ; for the freshman class, Professor 
John^ and for the Academy, Professor Spessard. The students of 
each group are amenable to the advisers in all matters of conduct, 
study and discipline. He is to grant leave of absence, permission to 
go out of ,town, and excuses. His approval is necessary before a stu- 
dent may register for or enter upon any course of study, or discon- 
tinue any work. He is the medium of communication between the 
Faculty and the students of his group, and in a general way stands 
to his students in the relation of friendly counsellor. 

. It is earnestly desired that students may be in- 

*^ fluenced to good conduct and diligence by higher 

motives than fear of punishment. The sense of duty and honor, the 
courteous and general] feelings natural to young men and women 
engaged in literary pursuits, are appealed to as the best regulators 
of conduct. It is the ^policy of the administraticn to allow in all 
things as much liberty as will not be abused, and the students are 
invited and expected to co-operate with the Faculty ; but good order 
and discipline will be strictly maintained and misconduct punished 
by adequate penalties. The lav/s of the College are as few and 
simple as the proper regulation of a community of young men and 
women will .permit. The College will not place its stamp or bestow 
its honors upon anyone who is not willing to deport himself becom- 
ingly. No hazing of any kind will be permitted. Every unexcused 
absence from any college duty, every failure or misdemeanor of a 
student is reported to the Faculty, and a record made of the same. 

The maximum number of hours, conditioned, 
dasss ica 30i\ permitted for senior standing is four ; for junior 
standing six, for sophomore eight, and for freshman — to be decided 
for individual student by the committee on classification. 

The permitted number of extra hours of work above that pre- 
scribed by the curriculum is limited by the student's record for pre- 
vious years as follows : 

(a) Majority of A's, nothing less than B — no limit. 

(b) Majority of B's, nothing less than C — four hour?. 

(c) Lower record than (b) — no extra hours. 



16 IvEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

The scholarship of students is determined by 
Class Manning result of examinations and daily recitations 
combined. The grades are carefully recorded. 

Reports of standing- will be made to parent or guardian at end of 
each term when desired by them, or when the Faculty deems it 
expedient. The standing is indicated generally by classification in 
six groups, as follows : 

A signifies that the record of the student is distinguished. 
B signifies that the record of the student is very good. 
C signifies that the record is good. 
D signifies the lowest sustained record. 

E (conditioned) imposes a condition on the student. Conditions 
incurred in January must be made up by June ; conditions incurred 
in June must be made up by September. Failing to make up a 
condition at the time appointed is equal to a record F. 

F (failed completely) signifies that the student must drop or 
repeat the subjects, and cannot be admitted to subjects dependent 
thereon. 

If the student's record as a whole is poor, he may be required to 
repeat certain subjects, to repeat the year, or to withdraw. 

The degree of bachelor of arts is conferred, by 
uegree ^ ^^^^ ^^ ^j^^ Board of Trustees on recommendation of 

and Diploma i]^q Faculty, upon students who have satisfactorily 
completed any of the groups. 

Expenses. 

COLLEGE AND ACADEMY 

Matriculation Fee, payable in advance $5.00 a year 

Tuition — Twenty hours' work or less, in College .... 50.00 a year 
Twenty-four hours' work or less, in Academy . 50.00 a year 
Additional hours of work will be charged for at rate of $1.50 
for each hour per semester. 
Graduation Pee, payable 30 days prior to Commencement . . $10.00 
Laboratory Fees, per semester : 

Biology $6 00 

Histology ..,...,...,. . 5 00 

Embryology ....,,,.,«. 5 00 

Comparative vertebrate anatomy , . . .... 6 00 

Botany 2 00 

Physiology 2 00 

Chemistry 1 6 00 



GENERAL INFORIvIATIOX 17 

Other courses in chemistry 6 00 

Physics 1 5 00 

Elementary Physics 3 00 

TABLE BOARD AXD ROOM EEXT 
Table Board— Regular students, SlOi.OO a year ; $2.80 a week. 
Five-day students, $74.00 a year ; S2.00 a week. 
Room Rent 840 to 860 a year, 

varying as one or two students occupy one room and accord- 
ing to location of room. 

Students rooming alone at their own request will be required to 
pay full rent of the room. 

A reduction of one-half of the regular fifty dollar tuition fee will 
be made to children of ministers in the active work. 

When two children are in attendance from the same family, a 
discount of 10 per cent from the regular tuition is made. 

Tuition and room rent are payable as follows: Twenty dollars at 
the opening of the school year ; fifteen dollars after the Christmas 
holidays and the balance after Easter recess. College privileges 
will be extended only in accordance with the treasurer's card, held 
by the student. 

Table board must be paid for in advance, by the week, month or 
term, as most convenient to the student. The domestic department 
is not run for profit and the actual cost must be paid as incurred. 

Laundry work will be done at the usual prices. 

No reduction will be made in tuition and room rent for a semes- 
ter except for protracted sickness. 

Xo reduction will be made for table board for an absence of less 
than a week. 

A deposit of three dollars will be required of each dormitory 
student upon entering school, to cover any damage to room during 
year. Any unexpended balance will be returned to student at end 
of year upon the return of key. 

Students are required to furnish their own towels, napkins and 
bedding except mattress. Every article of clothing and other per- 
sonal property should be marked with the owner's full name. 

Any student who receives beneficiary aid from the College may 
be called upon to render service to the College as an equivalent for 
all or a part of the aid so received. 

Opportunity for self help is extended to a limited number of stu- 
dents to the amount of their bills for tuition or room rent, and some- 
times for both. Application for such favors should be made to the 
President. 



18 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

Departments. 

Lebanon Valley College comprises the following well organized 
departments : 

THE COLLEGE offeres five groups of study leading to the degree 
of bachelor of arts. The groups bear the names of the leading 
subjects included in them. The following are the names of the 
groups : The classical, the mathematical-physical, the chemical-bio- 
logical, the historical-political, and the modern language. 

THE ACADEMY provides a four year's course designed to fit 
young people for the freshman class in any college. 

THE DEPARTMENT OF MUSIC offers full courses in instru- 
mental and vocal music and grants diplomas to those who complete 
either of the courses. 

THE DEPARTMENT OF ART provides thorough instruction 
in drawing and painting, with the aim of improving and developing 
the aesthetic sense. 

THE NORMAL DEPARTMENT has been organized to provide 
a training school for teachers. 

THE DEPARTMENT OF ELOCUTION. 

Requirements for Admission. 

Candidates for the Freshman class are entered on the basis of 
"units." Sixteen units are required. A unit designates not less 
than three one-hour periods or not less than four forty-five-minute 
periods, or twice as many laboratory perious each week, continued 
throughout a school year of at least thirty-four weeks in a State Nor- 
mal School, or in an Academy or High School approved by the Fa- 
culty of the College. 



Entrance Subjects. 

The following is a complete list of entrance subjects in which 
applicants may receive credit for admission to the Freshman class. 
Units should be selected according to the particular college course 
that the student wishes to pursue. A statement of the specific re- 
quirements for admission to each college course follows this list of 
Entrance Subjects. 



GENERAL INFORMATION 19 

GRO^^P ". 

/ Eng-lish A and B , .... 3 units 

Algebra A . . . U units 

Plane Geometry 1 unit 

Solid Geometry i unit 

Latin 4 units 

GROUP II. 
American History and Civil Government ... 1 unit 

Ancient History , 1 unit 

Medieval History 1 unit 

English History 1 unit 

GROUP III. 

Greek 1 unit 

German 1, 2 or 3 units 

GROUP IV. 

Physics 1 unit 

Botany i or 1 unit 

Chemistry , i or 1 unit 

Physical Geography 1 unit 

Zoology . i or 1 unit 

Drawing i unit 

Algebra-Intermediate i unit 

Re^isirement in Detail. 

The five courses offered by the College are : Classical, Historical- 
Political^ Modern Language^ Chemical-Biological and Matheniatical- 
Physical. 

The entrance requirements for any of the above courses include 
all the subjects in Group I. — Ten units. 

For the Classical Cotirse — The candidate shall select in addition one 
unit from Group II ; one unit of Greek and two units of German from 
Group III ; one entire unit from any subject in Group IV ; and one 
unit from Groups II, III or iV. 

For the Historical- Political Course—The candidate shall select in 
addition, two units from Group II ; two units from Group III ; one 
full unit from Group IV ; and one unit from Groups II, III or IV. 

For the Modern Language Course — The candidate shall select in 
addition two units from Group II ; three units of German from 
Group III ; and any one unit of science with laboratory requirement. 



20 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

For the Chemical-Biological Course — The candidate shall select 
one unit from Group II ; three units from Group III ; and two units 
from Group IV. 

For the Mathematical-Physical Course — The candidate shall select 
in addition one unit from Group II: three units from Group III ; 
Physics from Group IV ; and one unit from Groups II, III or IV. 

A single year in any language will not be accepted unless the 
language is continued in college. 

Candidates who have had no Latin but have had six units of 
French and German, or Greek and German or French and Greek may 
pursue academy Latin and receive college credits for the last three 
units. 

Any other changes in the above requirements will be decided by 
the Faculty and these only on condition that the applicant shall have 
presented a written request to the Dean. 

Ei\t^rcii^ce Subj€ct»s m Det^ail. 

GROUP I. 

English A. One and one-half units. 

The ability to write good English is the one necessary require- 
ment. Candidates will be expected to answer general questions 
testing their knowlege of the following list of Classics for the year 
1908 : Shakespeare's Macbeth, Shakespeare's The Merchant of 
Venice, Coleridge's Ancient Mariner, Scotts Ivanhoe, Scott's Lady of 
the Lake, George Eliot's Silas Marner, Irving's Life of Goldsmith 
and Tennyson's Idyls of the King. 

For the Years 1909, 1910, 1911: Group I. (Two to be selected.) 

Shakespearejs As You Like It, Henry V., Julius Caesar, The 
Merchant of Venice, Twelfth Night. 

Group 11. (One to be selected.) 

Bacons Essays, Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress Part 1, The Sir 
Roger De Coverley Papers in the Spectator, Franklin's Autobio- 
graphy. 

Group III. (One to be selected.) 

Chaucer's Prologue, Spenser's Faerie Queen (selections). Pope's 
The Rape of the Lock, Goldsmith's The Deserted Village, Palgrave's 
Golden Treasury (First Series) Books II and III, with especial atten- 
tion to Dryden, Collins, Gray, Cowper and Burns. 

Group IV. (Two to be selected.) 

Goldsmith's The Vicar of Wakefield, Scott's Ivanhoe, Scott's 
Quentin Durward; Hawthorne's The House of the Seven Gables, 



GENERAL INFORMATION 21 

Thackeray's Henry Esmond, Mrs. Gaskell's Cranford, Dicken's A 
Tale of Two Cities, George Eliot's Silas Marner, Blackmore's Lorna 
Doone. 

Group V. (Two to be selected.) 

Irving's Sketch Book, Lamb's Essays of Elia, De Quincey's Joan 
of Arc and the English Mail Coach, Carlyle's Heroes and Hero Wor- 
ship, Emerson's Essays (selected), Ruskin's Sesame and Lilies. 
Group VI. (Two to be selected.) 

Coleridgcs The Ancient Mariner, Scott's The Lady of the Lake, 
Byron's Mazeppa and the Prisoner of Chillon, Palgrave's Golden 
Treasury (First Series) Book IV with especial attention to Words" 
worth, Keats, and Shelley, Macaulay's Lays of Ancient Rome, Foe's 
Poem's, Lowell's The Vision of Sir Lanfal, Arnold's Sohrab and 
Rustum, Longfellow's The Courtship of Miles Standish, Tennyson s 
Gareth and Lynette, Lancelot and Elaine, and The Passing of Arthur, 
Browning's Cavalier Tunes, The Lost Leader, How They Brought 
the Good News from Ghent to Aix, Evelyn Hope, Home Thoughts 
from Abroad, Home Thoughts from the Sea, Incident of the French 
Camp, The Boy and The Angel, One Word More, Herve Riel, 
Pheidippides. 

English B. — One and a half units. 

Study and Practice — This part of the examination presupposes 
the thorough study of each of the works named below. The exami- 
nation will be upon subject matter, form and structure. In addition, 
the candidate may be required to answer questions involving the 
essentials of English grammar, and questions on the leading' facts in 
those periods of English literary history to which the prescribed 
works belong. 

The books set for this part of the examination will be : 
For the year 1908 : 

Shakespeare's Julius Caesar ; Milton's Minor Poems, L'AUegro, 
II Penseroso, Comus. and Lycidas ; Burke's Conciliation with Amer- 
ica, Macauley's Essay on the Life of Samuel Johnson ; Macauley's 
Essay on Addison. 

For the years 1909, 1910, 1911 : 

Shakespeare's Macbeth ; Milton's Lycidas, Comus, L'AUegro, 
and II Pnseroso ; Burke's Speech on Conciliation with America, or 
Washington's Farewell Address and Webster's First Bunker Hill 
Oration ; Macaulay's Life of Johnson, or Carlyle's Essay on Burns. 

Algebra to Quadradics — One unit. 

As treated in the larger texts of Wells, Wentworth, Tanner or 
an equivalent. The four fundamental operations 



22 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

common factor and least common multiple ; simple and complex 
fractions ; powers and roots ; numeral and literal equations, and 
problems based on linear equations ; radicals and theory of expon- 
ents ; and simple equations of the second degree. 

Plane Geometry — One unit. 

As treated by Wentworth or an equivalent. The usual theorems 
with orig-inal exercises on angles, triangles, similar polygons, circles, 
areas, etc. 

Solid Geometry — One-half unit. 

As treated by Wentworth or equivalent. Relation of lines and 
planes in space : prisms, pyramids, cylinders and cones ; the sphere 
and spherical triangles ; and the ability to apply Solid Geometry to 
practical problems. 

Latin — Four units: 
First unit, Moore and Schlicher's First year Latin or its equiva- 
lent including drill in Roman pronunciation, inflection and the im- 
portant parts of syntax. "Pabulae Faciles " or some Latin reader. 

Seeond unit — Bennet's or Allen and Greenough's Latin Grammar 
or an equivalent ; the first four books of Caesar's Gallic War ; and 
D'Oge's composition based on the text, two lessons a week. 

Third unit — Six Orations of Cicero ; the four orations against 
Catiline, the oration of Archias, and one other. Continuation of 
composition. 

Fourth unit — The first six books of Virgil's ^neid ; quantity 
and versification ; reading at sight. History of the times of Caesar ^ 
Cicero and Virgil. 

GROUP II. 

American History — One unit. 

The discovery, exploration and settlement of America ; the colon- 
ial policy of England culminatinating in the Revolution; political, 
economical and social history of the Uuited States since the adoption 
of the Constitution. 

Smith's Training for citizenship or its equivalent. 

Ancient History to joo A. D. — One unit. 

Greek history to the Fail of Corinth, and the history, in brief, of 
the more ancient countries. 

The history of the Roman Republic and the Empire to the time 
of Constantine. Myers' Ancient History is the text. 

Medi(Bval and Modern European History, — One unit. 

As presented by Thatcher or an equivalent. 

English History.— One unit. 

V/alker's essentials in English History or its equivalent. 



GENERAIv INFORMATION 23 

GROUP III. 
Beginner'' s Greek. — One unit, when continued in college. White's 
First Greek Book. 

German. — Three units. 

German A. Elementary German. — One unit. 

During- the first year the work should comprise : (1) Careful drill 
upon pronunciation , (2) the memorizing- and frequent repetition of 
easy colloquial sentences ; (3) drill upon the rudiments of grammar, 
that is, upon the inflection of the articles, of such nouns as belong to 
the language of every-day life, of adjectives, pronouns, weak verbs, 
and the usual strong verbs ; also upon the use of the more common 
prepositions, the simpler uses of the modal auxiliaries, and the ele- 
mentary rules of syntax and word order ; (4) abundant easy exercises 
designed not only to fix in mind the forms and principles of grammar, 
but also to cultivate readiness in the reproduction of natural forms of 
expression ; (5) the reading of from 75 to 100 pages of graduated texts 
from a reader, with constant practice in translating into German easy 
variations upon sentences selected from the reading lesson (the 
teacher giving the English), and in the reproduction from memory of 
sentences previously read. 

German B. Elementary German {continued) — One unit. 
During the second year the work should comprise : (1) The read- 
ing of from 150 to 200 pages of literature in the form of easy stories 
and plays ; (2) accompanying practice, as before, in the translation 
into German of easy variations upon the matter read and also in 
the off-hand reproduction, sometimes orally and sometimes in writ- 
ing, of the substance of short and easy selected passages ; (3) con- 
tinued drill upon the rudiments of the grammar, directed to the ends 
of enabling the pupil, first, to use his knowledge with facility in the 
formation of sentences, and, secondly, to state his knowledge correctly 
in the technical language of grammar. 

The following reading recommended in the report of the Com- 
mittee of Twelve will furnish matter from which selections may be 
made by the teacher : Andersen's Mdrchen and Bilderbuch ohne Bild. 
er ; Arnold's Fritz auf Ferieyi ; Baumbach's Die No7ine and Der 
Schwiegersohn ; Gerstacker's GermelsJiausen ; Heyse's L' Afrabbiata 
Das Mddchen von Treppi^ and Anfang und Ende ; Hillern's Hoher 
als die__Kirche ; Jensen's Die braune Erica ; Leander's Trdumereien, 
3,nd. Kleine Geschichten ; Seidel's Mdrchen; Stokl's Unter dent Christ- 
baum ; Storm's /ww^j,?^ and Geschichten aus der Tonne ; Zschokke's 
Der zerbrochene Krug ; Hauff's Daskalte Herz ; Stern's Aus deutschen 
Meisterwerken. Among shorter plays the best available are perhaps 



24 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

'Benedix^s £>er Prozess, Der Weiberftend, and Gunstige Vorzeichen ; 
YXt.''^ Er ist nicht eifersuchtig ; Wichert's An der Majorsecke ; Wil- 
helmi's Einermuss Heiraten. 

C hitennediate Gerinan. One unit. The work should comprise, 
in addition to the elementary course (A and B), the reading of about 
400 pag-es of moderately difficult prose and poetry, with constant 
practise in giving, sometimes orally and sometimes in writing, para- 
phrases, abstracts, or reproductions from memory of selected por- 
tions of the matter read ; also grammatical drill upon the less usual 
strong verbs, the use of articles, cases, auxiliaries of all kinds, tenses 
and modes (with special reference to the infinitive and subjunctive), 
and likewise upon word order and word formation. 

The Intermediate course is supposed to be the elementary course 
(A and B). plus one year's work at the rate of not less than four reci- 
tations a week. Suitable reading matter for the third year can be 
selected from such works as the following : Ebner-Eschenbach's Die 
Freiherren vo7i Gemperlein; Freitag's Die Journalisten u?id Bilder aus 
der deutschen Vergangenheit, for example, Karl der Grosse, Aus den 
Kreuzzugen, Doktor Luther, Aus dem Staat Frtederich's des Grossen; 
Fouque's Undine; Gerstacker's Irrfahrten; Goethe's Herrmann und 
Dorothea and Iphigenie; Heine's Poems and Reisebilder; Hoffmann's 
HistofTsche Erzdhhmgen; Lessing's Minna vo7i Barnhehn; Meyer's 
Gustav Adolph^s Page; Moser's Der Bibliothekar ; Riehl's Novelle?i, for 
example, Burg Neideck; Der Fluch der Schonheit, Der Stunime Rats- 
herr. Das Spielmannskind; Rosegger's Waldheimat; Schiller s Def 
Neffe als Onkel, Der Geisterseher^ Wilhelm Tell, Die Jungfrau von 
Orleans, Das Lied von der Glocke, Balladen; Scheffel's Der Tronipeter 
V071 Sdkkingen; Uhland's poems ; Wildenbruch's Das Edle Blut. 

N. B. The requirement in German for admission to the Fresh- 
man Class is the Elementary Course (A and B). Candidates not hav- 
ing certificates that they have fulfilled the requirement will be sub- 
jected to an entrance examination. College credit is given for 
Intermediate German C, in 1908-1909. 

GROUP IV. 

Physics.— Ot^q unit. 

As much as is contained in the text-book of Carhart and Chute, 
or an equivalent. Laboratory work required. 

Botany, — One unit. 

As much as is contained in Gray's Lessons, or an equivalent. 
Laboratory work. For the first 155 pages only, one-half unit. 

Chemistry. — One unit. 



GENERAL INFORMATION 25 

Facility in the use of the Metric System and the familiarity with 
the correct solution of problems on weight and volume relations of 
equations ; acquaintance with the metals and non-metals. Labora- 
tory work is indispensable. 

For definite information concerning the half unit credit address 
the Dean. 

Physical Geography.— OnQ unit. 

The equivalent of Davis' text-book. 

Zoology. — One unit. 

Types of all the phyla with laboratory notes and drawings. 
Field observations and reports. Course as outlined by the committee 
on college entrance requirements. 

Intermediate Algebra. — One-half unit. 

As treated by Wentworth or Tanner in their larger editions, 
Quadratic Equations and problems depending on quadratic equations; 
variation, ratio and proportion ; variables and limits ; properties of 
series including the binomial theorem and positive integral expo- 
nents and the formula for the n\\i term and the sum of the terms of 
arithmetical and geometrical progression, with applications ; loga- 
rithms. 

Drawing. — One-fourth unit. 

Freehand work and various kinds of geometrical figures. The 
equivalent of one recitation a week throughout the year. 



26 



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30 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

DEPARTMENTS OF INSTRUCTION 



Philosophy 

PROFESSOR JOHN 

1. Logic — Three hours. First Semester. 

The aim is to acquaint the pupil with the laws of thoug"ht as re- 
vealed in the nature of the human mind. A careful introductory 
survey is made of the syllogism and of the scientific method, and a 
drill is given in the detection and correction of logical fallacies. 
Recitation and library references. 

2. Psychology — Three hours. Second Semester. 

General Psychology. — This course is planned to guide the stu- 
dent in forming the habit of observing and interpreting mental 
phenomena, and to lay a foundation for all the higher branches deal- 
ing primarily with mental life. Recitation, lecture, experiment and 
library references. 

3. Psychology of Religion— [Sqq Bible and Religion and Philos- 
ophy. 

■A. History of Philosophy— T^o hours. Throughout the year. 

A general survey is made of the field of Philosophy in general 
with special emphasis upon Plato and Aristotle, and upon the systems 
of Rationalism, Empircism and Idealism. The aim is to develop the 
love of the truth, a discriminating judgment and independent think- 
ing. 

5. Ethics— Two hours. Throughout the year. 

[a) Theoretical Ethics — The evolution of Ethical theories is 
traced, the chief systems are criticised and perfection selected as the 
standard most in harmony with the nature of man. The nature of 
virtue and duty are named with reference to their training in life. 
Mackenzie's Manual is used as a guide. 

{b) Applied Ethies — The student is led in making a practical 
application of the theory of Ethics to the solution of the problems of 
our complex modern life. The study is constructive and represents 
the students' own thinking. 

(c) Christian Ethics — The purpose of this course is to lead the 
pupil to see that the conclusions of Scientific Ethics, and the require- 
ments of Applied Ethics necessitate the content of the teachings of 
the Christ in order that the systems may be complete. 



DEPARTMENTS OF INSTRUCTION 31 

Lectures and theses. References: Aristotle, Kant, Fichte, Hegel, 
Sidg-wick, Spencer, Paulson, Wundt, Seth, Dorner, Smyth, and others. 

6. Ethics. (See catalogue, page 26). 

7. Psychology and Philosophy of Religion — Two hours. Through- 
out the year. 

The religious nature of man is studied psychologically as mani- 
fested in childhood, adolescence and maturity, including the 
phenomena of conversion and Christian growth. A brief survey is 
made of the historic religions, after which follows a study of the 
Philosophy of Religion. Lectures, theses and reports. Starbuck's 
Psychology of Religion and HolTding's Philosophy of Religion are 
used as guides. References : James' Types of Religious Experience, 
Biographies of prominent evangelists and religious leaders, and 
general treatises over the historic religions. 

Greek Language and Literature 

PROFESSOR SPANGLER 

1 b. Elementary Greek. — Five hours. Throughout the year. 

Xenophon : Four books of the Anabasis. Greek Prose. 

1 c. Advanced Greek. — Three hours. Throughout the year. 

Homer : Three books of the Iliad, scansion, sight translation, 
epic poetry. Greek antiquities, Greek literature and Greek prose. 

1. Junior Greek. — Three hours. Throughout the year. 

Herodotus : Selections from several of the books are read. Re- 
view^ of the Greek historians and the Persian Wars. 

Plato : Apology and Crito. The Athenian courts. 

New Testament ; Readings in the Pauline epistles. 

2. Senior Greek. — Three hours. Throughout the year. 
Xenophon : Memorabilia, or Demosthenes ; De Corona. Socrates 

and the Socratic schools. The Attic oration. 

Sophocles : Oedipus Tyrannus, or Aeschylus : Prometheus 
Bound. Development of the Greek drama. Greek tragedy, comedy 
and theater. 

3. Junior Elective Gjrek.— Three hours. Throughout the year. 
New Testament : Readings in the gospels of Mark and John and 

in the Pauline and Catholic epistles. The object of this course is 
exegetical and practical. It will include a study of the synoptic gos- 
pels and a survey of the letters of Paul. 



32 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

Latin Language and Literature. 

PROFESSOR SHIPPEE. 

1. Freshman Latin — Four hours. Throughout the year. 

(a) Livy : This course includes Book XXI, and parts of Book 
XXII, describing Hannibal's advance upon Rome to the battle of 
Cannse. The author's style and peculiarities of syntax are studied. 
Prose composition based upon the text. Special chapters of Roman 
history are assigned. Wilkin's Roman Antiquities. Grammar is 
reviewed. 

(b) Cicero : De Senectute (1907,) or De Amiciatia (1908) is read. 
Special studies in syntax and prose composition based upon the text. 

(c) Horace : Selections from the Odes and Epodes. A careful 
study is made of the poetical constructions, historical and illustrative 
facts, an analysis of the thought and general interpretation of each 
ode and epode read. The meters of Horace are carefully studied. 

2. Sophomore Latin—^YiVQ^YiQwc^. Throughout the year. 

(a) Horace: Satires and Epistles. Selected satires and epistles; 
Ars Poetica. Special attention will be paid to the argument, style, 
and character portrayal, also their place in literature. Historical 
outlines of Roman literature. Bender's text and lectures. 

(b) Tacitus: Germania and Agricola. The historical and literary 
importance of both are brought out in the study of these works. 

(c) Quintilian. Books X. XII. This course aims to give a 
comprehensive view of the principles of rhetoric and oratory as 
taught by the Romans. This course alternates with course 2b. 

3. Junior Latin — Two hours. Throughout the year. 

(a) Cicero : De Officiis. This text is made the basis for the study 
of ethics as taught by Cicero and his predecessors. 

(b) Plautus and Terence. Selected plays are read from these 
authors. 

(c) Juvenal. This course alternates with 3b. Selected satires 
are read and are made the basis for a study of the character of the 
times. 

4. Senior Latin — Two hours Throughout the year. 

(a) Cicero's Letters. May be arranged for semester or year, as 
determined by the class at the beginning of the year. A study of 
the character and career of Cicero is made from selected letters 
and from other historical and biographical sources. 

(b) Remnants of Early Latin, (Allen and Egbert,) or Cicero De 
Orators may be taken up as elective in senior year. 



DEPARTMENTS OF INSTRUCTION 33 

French Language and Lit>eraLure 

PROFESSOR SHIPPEE 

1. Eleuientary Course — Three hours. Throughout the year. 
French Grammar (Eraser and Squair) ; Contes et Legendes ; 

Aldrich and Foster's French Reader ; Mairet's La Tache du Petit 
Pierre ; Bruno's Le Tour de la France ; L'Abbe Constantin ; Le Con- 
scrit ; La Poudre aux Yeux ; Jeanne D'Arc. 

2. Intermediate Course — Three hours. Throug-hout the year. 
Bouvet's French Composition ; Colomba ; Carmen and Other 

Stories (Merimee) ; Sand's La Petite Fadette and La Mare au Diable; 
Bowen's French Lyrics; Corneille's Le Cid ; Racine's Athalie ; 
Moliere's L'Avare ; Maupassant's Contes Choisis ; Feuillet's Le 
Roman d'un Jeune Homme Pauvre ; Foncin's Le Pays de France ; 
Augier's Le Gendre de Monsieur Poirier ; About's Le Roi des Mont- 
agnes. 

Other texts than those mentioned will be read. This course aims 
to give the student ease in reading French prose and verse and facil- 
ity in writing simple French prose. 

3. Nineteenth Cejitiiry Literature — Three hours. Throughout the 
year. 

Composition will be continued throughout the year. A hasty 
survey of French Literature will be made, for which Pellissier's Lit- 
terature Francaise will be the text book. Several of the great 
novels will be read ; De Vigny : Cinq Mars ; Victor Hugo : Les 
Miserables ; Notre Dame de Paris . Balzac : Eugenie Grandet ; Le 
Cure de Tours. Poetry, drama and historical prose will also be ex- 
tensively read. 

4. Classical French Literature — Three hours. Throughout the 
year. 

The greater part of the works of Moliere, Racine, and Corneille 
will be read. There will also be wide reading in the prose works of 
the classic writers, including Voltaire, Bossuet, Descartes, La Bruy- 
dre, Pascal, Mme De Sevinge, Mme de La Fayette, and Fenelon. 

This course will alternate with course 5. Not given in 1908-1909. 

5. Composition and Conversation — Three hours. Throughout the 
year. 

The object of this course is to enable the student to write French 
with ease and to speak it with considerable fluency. In the latter 
part of the year some English classic will be the basis of the written 
work. 

This course is elective for students who have completed Course 
2, and for those who have completed Course 1, with high credit. 



34 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

German Language and Literature. 



PROFESSOR ROEDER. 

The courses in this department are designed to give the student 
a general knowledge and understanding of the German language, 
life, literature and thought. They bring the student into touch 
with the character and genius of the German people. 

Special emphasis is laid upon social conditions and political 
events, and upon the relations of the German to the English and to 
the classical languages. 

To this end systematic attention is paid to pronunciation, read- 
ing, etymology and conversation. In the advanced courses special 
emphasis is laid upon the study of the literature. The idiomatic sen- 
tence and modern colloquial language form the basis of the work in 
composition. In order to give students an opportunity to become 
familiar with the spoken idioms, the translation into English is dis- 
continued as soon as possible and expressive reading of the German 
text with free reproduction is substituted ; the students begin early 
to use the German in recitations, and several of the advanced courses 
are conducted almost entirely in German. Reading and translation 
at sight are cultivated. Private reading of assigned texts accom- 
panies the work in the advanced courses. 

Other texts may at- times be substituted for some of those indi- 
cated. 

1. First Year German — Five hours. First Semester. 

Drill in pronunciation, memorizing easy sentences, the rudiments 
of grammar with easy exercises illustrating grammatical forms and 
principles, and the reading of 100 to 150 pages of graduated texts. 

Bierwirth's Beginning German. 

2. Composition and Reading — Five hours. Second Semester. 
Wesselhoft's Composition and Syntax, reading of 250 to 300 pages 

of choice selections of modern fiction, and free reproduction of texts 
previously read. 

Courses i and 2 are required of classical students who have had 
Latin and Greek, but do not offer German for admission. The work 
represents five to six terms of ordinary high school German, but may not 
be taken to remove language requirements J or adtnission to college. 

3. Intermediate German — Four hours. Throughout the year. 
First Semester, German Drama. 

Rapid reading of dramas of the eighteenth and nineteenth cen- 
turies. 

Second Semester. Prose of Modern Historians and Critics. 



DEPARTMENTS OP INSTRUCTION 35 

Rapid reading of selections from history, political writings, and 
literary criticism. 

Courses /, 2, and s^ must be taken consecutively and are required oj 
all students electing the Classical group. Students who wish to contiiiue 
the study of German may elect any of the following courses {except ja). 

3a. Intermediate German — Pour hours. Throughout the year. 

Review of grammar; composition; reading and conversation. 

Bierwith's Elements of Gennafi, von Jagemann's Composition^ 
and reading of modern prose, narrative and dramatic, with practice 
in free reproduction ; original themes. Selections from Riehl, Prey- 
tag and Schiller. 

Required of all students {except classical) who have not oftered third 
year German at entrance. See statement of Academy German C, page 
^4. {Not given after igo8-igog.) 

4. German Literature to the Reformation — Three hours. 
Throughout the year. 

Kluge's Geschichte der Deutschen Literatur. Lectures in Ger- 
man and collateral reading of representative works. Freytag, Karl 
der Grosse ; Vilmar, Niebelungen Lied ; Von Richter, Walter tend 
Hildegunde ; Konig Rother ; Der arme Heinrich ; Thomas' Anthology. 

Open to students who have had course j, 3a or Academy German C. 

5. History of Germa^i Literature to the Nineteenth Century. — Three 
hours a week through the first semester. 

Study of the principal writers of the Reformation Period.-- De- 
velopment of the German Language. — Lessing and his works. 
Holzwarth's German Manual y^SW. be used. 

6. German Romanticism, — Three hours a week through the 
second semester. Influence of German philosophers upon the Roman- 
tic Movement. Poets of the War of Liberation. Koerner's Zriny. — 
Study of the social and political life oi the time. 

Course 6 is a continuation of course 5. 

7. Goethe-Schiller. — Three hours a week throughout the year. 
After studying the lives of these two great German poets, their 

works will be discussed.— Holzwarth's Goethe-Schiller Leitfadenm.2iY 
be used. Faust (Part I) and a history of the Paust legend will be 
studied in the first semester, and Schiller's IVallenstein, or Die Braut 
von Messina^ or The Thirty ^ears^ War, and the Lyrics and Ballads in 
the second semester. Private reading. Lectures in German. 
CoHJse 7 alternates with course 10. Offered in igoS-igog. 

8. Critical Prose. — Three hours a week through the year. 
Historical, philosophical, economic and journalistic German, 

largely concerning Germany. Paszkowsky: Einfuhrung in die Kennt- 
nis Deutschlands \ Tombo, Deutsche Reden. 



36 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

Prescribed for sophomores in the Historical- Political group, P^^e- 
reqitisite : Course j or ja, 

9. Scientific German. — Two hours a week throughout the year. 
A course in Elementary Physics, Chemistry and Botany. The 

course is designed to give a practical, scientific German vocabulary 
as well as the ability to read rapidly ordinary scientific material. 
By the end of the course students should be able to read understand- 
ingly any ordinary newspaper or magazine article of a scientific 
nature, and to understand the simple spoken language. Hodge's 
Scientific German ; Blochman's Scientific German ; Readings in cur- 
rent scientific literature. 

Required of sophomo7^es in the Mathematical-Physical group. Pre- 
requisite : Course ja. 

10. Ger^nan Literature in the Nineteenth Ceyitury. — Two hours a 
week throughout the year. 

The development of the German drama will be considered in the 
first semester and the German novel in the second semester. Lec- 
tures and discussions of the representative writers of the century. 
Selections from Sudermann, Hauptmann, Keller, Baumbach and 
Scheft'el will be read. 

11. Teachers' Course. — German Pedagogy. One hour a week 
throughout the year. 

First Semester. History of the German language. Lectures will 
be based upon Behagel's Deidsche Sprache^ with frequent reference to 
the best known school grammars. An acquaintance with the older 
periods of German, though d3sirable, is not required. 

Second Semester. Methods of instruction in German will be dis- 
cussed. Germany and German life, text-books, and the teachers' 
equipment will be considered. This course is intended for students 
who expect to teach German. Each student is required to lecture to 
the class at least once during the year. Open to graduate students, 
teachers, and advanced undergraduates who have had at least three 
years of German. Saturdays, 9. 

English Language and Ll6erat>ure 

PROFESSOR ENGLE. 

la. Theory and Practice of English Composition — Two hours. 
First Semester. 

A careful study of the elements of practical English composition 
in connection with the writing of long and short themes. Weekly 
conference with the instructor. 



DEPARTMENTS OF INSTRUCTION 37 

lb. American Literature— "Y^o hours. Second Semester. 

The history of American literature with reference to the founda- 
tional principles underlying its development. Lectures, recitations, 
and weekly themes from a prescribed reading- list. Text : Pattee : 
American Literature ; and Wendell : A Literary History of America. 

2a Principles of Argumentation. One hour. Throughout the 
year. 

A study and application of the principles of argumentation. Brief 
drawing. Leading questions of the day studied and debated in class. 
Text : Baker's Principles of Argumentation, and Specimens of Argu- 
mentation. 

2b History of English Language— Ox^q hour. Throughout the 
year. 

Lectures, 'discussions and specially assigned studies in the develop- 
ment of the language. 

Lounsbury : History of English Language. 

3. History of English Literature — Three hours throughout the 
year. 

A comprehensive survey of the history of English literature will 
be given by means of lectures, reference to leading critics and pre- 
scribed reading. Moody and Lovett: History of English Literature, 
and Page: British Poets of the Nineteenth Century. The reading 
list for 1908-9 is as follows : 

Beowolf (selections); Chaucer: Prologue, Knight's Tale, Nun's 
Priest's Tale; Malory: King Arthur Books I and II ; ^Spenser. 
Fairie Queen, Book I, Shepherd's Calendar ; Marlowe : Jew of Malta ; 
Shakespeare: As you Like it, ^"Hamlet, Richard III, Tempest ; Jonson: 
Alchemist; Bacon: Essays (selected); Milton: Paradise Lost, ^Sonnets; 
Dryden : MacFlecknoe, Alexander's Feast , Palamon and Arcite, 
Preface to the Fables ; Swift : Gulliver's Travels, Conversation ; 
Pope : Rape of the Lock, Essay on Man ; Johnson : Milton, Rasselas; 
Goldsmith : She Stoops to Conquer, The Traveller, The Deserted 
Village ; Gray : Elegy ; Burns : Cotter's Saturday Night and ^other 
poems ; Lamb : Essays of Elia (selected); De Quincy : Confessions of 
an Opium-Eater ; Carlyle : Hero and Hero Worship ; Ruskin : Sesame 
and Lillies;From Page's British Poets of Nineteenth Century are 
studied representative poems of Wordsworth, Coleridge, Scott, Byron, 
Shelley, Keats, Langdon, Tennyson, the Brownings, Clough, Arnold, 



*Works marked (*) are studied in class, other works are read out- 
side and discussed in class. 



38 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

Rossetti, Morris, and Swinburne. Novels—Scott: Kenilworth, 
Dickens : Tale of Two Cities, Thackeray : Vanity Fair, and George 
Eliot : Adam Bede, are studied with outlines. 

4. Advanced Theme Course — Two hours. Throughout the year. 
A study of structure in the various forms of composition. Short 

themes; fortnightly long themes and one thesis will be required. 
Conferences with the instructor. 

5. English Drama to 1642 — Three hours. First Semester. 

This course combines the theory of drama and the history of 
English drama to the closing of the theatres in 1642. Proper pros- 
pective is secured by tracing dramatic development from the time of 
the Greeks. At the close of the course the main tendencies since 
1642 are briefly outlined. 

Students are required to read the typical plays of Lyly, Peele, 
Nash, Green, Marlowe, Shakespeare, Jonson, Beaumont and Fletcher, 
Webster, and Ford. References are made to the best contemporary 
dramatic criticism. 

Manly : Specimens of Pre-Shakespearean Drama. 

Woodbridge : Technique of the Drama. 

[Not given in 1908-9.] 

6. Poetics — Three hours. Second Semester. 

In the course the theories of Aristotle, Horace, Vida, Boileau, 
Jonson, Sidney, Dryden, Addison, Shelley, Hunt, Coleridge, Hazlitt 
and Arnold are studied, and poetry is studied technically, Each 
student prepares his own book of extracts from various poems, and 
this is made the basis of work in scansion. The aim above all else is 
to create a love for poetry built upon a sound mental foundation. 
Gummere : Handbook Poetics ; Saintsbury : Loci Critici. [not 
given in 1908—9] 

7. Old English. Three hours. First Semester. 

This course aims to give the student an elementary knowledge of 
English in its oldest forms and to fit him for advanced university 
work in English philology. 

Smith : Old English Grammar ; Bright : Anglo-Saxon Reader. 

8. Middle English. Three hours. Second Semester. 
Extensive reading of Chaucer's : Canterbury Tales (edition of 

Morris and Skeat in Clarendon Press Series.) Students must be ac- 
quainted with French ; and Old English is desirable for the success- 
ful prosecution of the course. 

Pollard : Chaucer Primer ; Emerson : Middle English Reader. 



DEPARTMENTS OF INSTRUCTION 39 

9. The Novel afid Literary Criticism. Three hours. First Sem- 
ester. 

The history and nature of the novel will be studied with an 
introduction to the principles of literary criticism. (Students will be 
expected to read the following- novels in their chronological order.) 

Sidney : Arcadia ; Bunyan : Pilgrim's Progress ; Swift : Tale of 
a Tub ; Defoe : Captain Singleton ; Richardson : Pamela ; Ann Rad- 
cliffe : Mysteries of Uldolpho ; Jane Austen : Pride aud Predjudice ; 
Scott : Ivanhoe ; Charlotte Bronte : Jane Eyre ; Thackery : Henry 
Esmond ; Dickens : David Copperfield ; Trollope: Barchester Towers; 
George Eliot : Middlemarch ; George Meredith : Ordeal of Richard 
Feverel ; Stevenson : Treasure Island ; Winchester : Principles of 
Literary Criticism ; Perry : A Study of Prose Fiction ; Cross : De- 
velopment of the Novel. 

10. Shakespeare^ Three hours. Second Semester. 

Critical reading of four plays. Rolfe edition will be used. Stu- 
dents will study Dowden: Shakespeare Primer, and Lee : Life of 
Shakespeare, and will read ten of Shakespeare's plays outside 
of class. 



MathemaLios and Ast*ronomy. 

MATHEMATICS 

PROFESSOR LEHMAN. 

1. Advanced Algebra — Four hours. First Semester. 
Covering ratio and proportion, variation^ progressions, the 

binomial theorem, theorem of undetermined coefficients, logarithms, 
permutations and combinations, etc. Hawkes' Advanced Algebra. 

2. Plane and Spherical Trigonometry — Four hours. Second 
Semester. 

Definitions of trigonometric functions, goniometry, right and 
oblique triangles,measuring angles to compute distances and heights. 
Wentworth. 

3. Analytic Geometry — Three hours. Throughout the year. 
The equations of the straight line, circle, ellipse, parabola and 

hyperbola are studied, and as much of the higher plane curves and 
of the geometry of space as time will permit. Tanner and Allen. 

4. Differential Calculus— T\ivqq hours. First Semester. 
Differentiation of algebraic and transcendental functions, maxima 



40 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

and minima, development into series, tangents, normals, evolutes, 
envelopes, etc. Osborne. 

5. Integral Calculus. — Three hours. Second Semester. 
Integrations, rectification of curves, quadrature of surfaces, cuba- 

ture of solids, etc. Osborne. 

6. Plane Surveying — Three hours. Second Semester. 

A study of the instruments, field work, computing areas, plot- 
ting, leveling, etc. Wentworth. 

/. Differential Equations — Three hours. First Semester. 
A course in the elements of differential equations. 
Prerequisite, Mathematics 3, 4 and 5. Murray. 

8. Analytic Mechanics — Three hours. Second Semester. 

Bowser. 

Prerequisite, Mathematics 7. 

ASTRONOMY 

PROFESSOR LEHMAN 

1. General Astronomy — Four hours. First Semester. 

The department is provided with a fine four-and-a-half-inch 
achromatic telescope equatorially mounted, of which the students 
make free use. Young. 



History and Political Science. 

PROFESSOR SHENK. 

1. MedicBval and Modern History — Three hours. Throughout 
the year. 

A general course prescribed in all the groups. Papers, special 
reports, and theses, based on available original [sources, will be 
required of all students. Robinson : History of Western Europe : 
Readings from European History. 

2. English Economic History — Three hours. First Semester. 
The economic life and development of the English people during 

mediaeval and modern times. Special attention will be given to the 
manor system, the guilds, growth of commerce, the industrial 
revolution, the rise of trade unions, and the relation of government 



DEPARTMENTS OF INSTRUCTION 41 

to industry. Cheyney : The Industrial and Social History of Eng- 
land ; Gib bins : Industry in England. 

3. English Constitutional History — Three hours. Second 
Semester. 

The English Constitution and its historical development. A 
careful study of important documents will be made. Taswell-Lang- 
meade : Constitutional History of England. 

4. United States Constitutional History — Three hours. Through- 
out the year. 

A full course covering the colonial and constitutional periods. 
An extensive reading course of original and secondary sources is 
required. Channing : Students' History of the United States ; 
Macdonald : Select Charters ; Macdonald : Select Documents. 

5. Historical and Practical Politics — Three hours. First Semester 
The development of the leading governments of the world, and 

a comparative study of the same. Woodrow Wilson : The State. 

6. International Law — Three hours. Second Semester. 

A course in the fundamental principles of International Law. 
Much time is given to the study of important cases. 

Ecoi^omlcs anA Sociology 

PROFESSORS SHENK AND RUPP. 

1. Economics — Three hours. First Semester. 

A general course in economic theory, supplemented by consid- 
eration of practical current problems. The standpoints of the 
different schools will be carefully considered, Bullock : Introduc- 
tion to the Study of Economics. 

2. Current Labor Problems— "^\\vQ<d hours. Second Semester. 

A course devoted principally to the important labor problems of 
the present day : Strikes, labor organizations, employers' associa- 
tions, arbitration, trade agreement, labor legislation, etc. 

3. Sociology — Three hours. Second Semester. 

This course is intended to give the student a knowledge of the 
various theories of society together with the place of sociology in 
the general field of learning. 

4. Sociology— K study of defective and delinquent classes. For 
graduates and undergraduates. 

5. Seminar in Sociology. Subjects to be selected. For graduates 
and undergraduates. 



42 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

English Bible 

PROFESSOR JOHN 

1. New Testament.— ^^0 hours. Throughout the year. 
Inductive study of the life and teaching's of Jesus Christ as 

contained in the Gospels [1908-1909] . 

2. New Testament — Two hours through the year. 

The Acts and Epistles. Attention is given to the geographical 
and historical incidents in the life of Paul. A careful inductive study 
will be made of some of the Pauline Epistles [1909-1910] . 

3. Old Testame7it.— Two hours. First semester. 
Inductive study of the Old Testament laws [1908-9]. 

4. Old Testament Prophecy /.—Two hours. First Semester 
[1907-8]. 

Old Testament Prophecy IT.— Two hours. Second Semester 
[1908-9]. 

Courses 4 and 5 cover Old Testament prophecies. They are 
studied inductively in their chronological and historical setting. 

6. The Psalms and Old Testament Wisdom.— Two hours. Second 
Semester [1907-8]. 

Hebrew psalmody will be studied as literature and as an expres- 
sion of the national and religious life of Israel. Proverbs, Job, 
Ecclesiastes and Lamentations will be taught, with a comparative 
study of the Apocryphal books, Ecclesiasticus and the Wisdom of 
Solomon- 
Biology 

PROFESSOR DERICKSON 

The courses of instruction cover four years, They are recog- 
nized as being as valuable in developing the powers of the mind as 
the other courses in the college curriculum, in that they develop the 
powers of observation and thought essential to the understanding of 
all phases of the phenomena of human existence. 

The courses have been outlined with a three fold purpose in view. 

First, to meet ths demand for a general training in biology, 
caused by the recently established conclusion among educators, that 
a knowledge of the principles of biology is not only a useful but an 
essential factor in any course of training in which social and moral 
questions are to be considered. 



DEPARTMENTS OF INSTRUCTION 43 

Second, to meet the demand of the high schools for college 
trained teachers in biology. 

Third, to lay a broad foundation in the science for those who 
desire to pursue post graduate courses in universities and medical 
colleges. 

Students desiring to elect a single year's work in biology are ad- 
vised to elect 1 — b ; if two years, 1 — a and 1 — b or 1 — b and 3 and 4, 
depending on the object in view. Those contemplating a career in 
medicine, or the profession of teaching biology or a post graduate 
course in biology, are urged to complete all the courses offered. 

Description of Courses 

Biology^ i-a Botany. Four hours. Two lectures or recitations 
and two laboratory periods of two hours each, each week. Through- 
out the year. The object of the course is to give the student a broad 
general knowledge of the plant kingdom. The form, structure and 
functioning of one or more types of each of the divisions of algae, 
fugae, liverworts, mosses, ferns and flowering plants, are studied. 

Special attention is given to the ontogeny and phylogeny of the 
several groups suggestive of evolution. 

Experiments are performed in the physiological laboratory to de- 
termine some of the relations of plants to water, gravitation, temper- 
ature and light. Several types of seeds are studied as to their struc- 
ture, germination and development. The principals of classification 
are learned by the analysis and identification of representatives of at 
least-twenty-five orders of spermatophytes. 

The laboratory and class room work is supplemented by frequent 
field trips. 

Each student is supplied with a compound microscope, dissecting 
instruments, note and drawing materials and portfolio. 

Required of freshmen in chemical-biological group. Elective for 
others. 

Biology i-b. General Biology. Four hours throughout the year. 

To be preceded by course 1 in drawing. Three lectures and two 
laboratory periods of two hours each, each week. 

The principles of biology are learned by making a careful com- 
parative study of representatives of several phyla of plants and ani- 
mals. In the laboratory particular attention is given to animal forms 
The amoeba, euglena, paramoecium, vorticella, hydra, starfish, earth- 
worm, crayfish, grasshopper, mussel and frog are studied. A careful 
study is made of the embryology of the frog. The process of develop- 



44 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

ment is closely watched from the segmentine of the egg until 
metamorphosis takes place. Each student is taught the principles of 
technic by preparing and sectioning embryos at various stages of 
development. From these and other microscopic preparations the 
development of the internal organs is studied. 

Each student is required to keep a record of all work done in the 
laboratory in carefully prepared notes and drawings. 

For sophomores in the Chemical-Biological group. Elective for 
others. 

Texts: — Parker's Elementary Biology; Sedgwick and Wilson's 
General Biology ; Holmes' The Frog. 

Biology 2. — Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy. Four hours through- 
out the year. Six hours laboratory work and one lecture or quiz 
each week. 

The course consists of the dissection and thorough study of a 
suctorial fish, a cartilaginous fish, a bony fish, an amphibian, a rep- 
tile, a bird and a mammal. Carefully labeled drawings are required 
of each student as a record of each dissection. 

Texts : — Pratt's Vertebrate Zoology, Parker's Zootomy. 

Assigned studies in Wiedersheim's Comparative Anatomy and 
Kingsley's Text-book of Vertebrate Zoology. 

Biology 3. — Vertebrate Histology. Pour hours. Beginning of the 
year to the end of the first week in March. One lecture, one quiz 
and five hours laboratory work each week. 

The normal histology of the human body is made the basis of the 
class work. Each student is required to acquire a jDractical knowl- 
edge of all phases of histological technic. 

All the tissues as well as the structure of all of the organs of the 
body are studied. Each student prepares about one hundred and fifty 
slides. 

Text : — Ruber's Text Book of Histology, Bohm and Davidoif . 

Elective for juniors and seniors. 

Biology ^. — Embryology of Vertebrates. Second week in March to 
the end of the year. Two lectures and five hours laboratory work 
each week. The laboratory work is based on the development of the 
chick and comparisons made with that of the frog and mammal. A 
study is made of living embryos at various stages of development. 
These are later killed by the student and prepared and sectioned for 
the study of the development of the internal organs. Fully labeled 
drawings are required. 

Texts : — Elements of Embryology, Foster and Balfour. 

Elective for juniors and seniors. 



DEPARTMENTS OF IXSTRUCTION 45 

Chemistry. 

PROFESSOR BENDER 

1. General Inorganic Chemistry — Four hours. Throughout the 
year. 

Consisting of three hours lectures and recitations and four. hours 
laboratory work per week. Non-metals, metals, their metallurgy, 
compounds, theoretical chemistry, modern applications, problems and 
written exercises. 

Conversational lectures with demonstrations. The object of the 
course is to g'ive the student a comprehensive knowledge of general 
chemistry and to lay a stable foundation for advanced work in that 
science. 

Newell 's Descriptive Chemistry is used as a text during the 
early part of the course and is followed by Remsen's College Chem- 
istry, which represents the ground covered in the class room and is 
taken as a guide for laboratory work. 

The course pre supposes no previous knowledge of chemistry. 

2. Qua lit 2 tire Ajialysis — Four hours First semester. 
Pre-requisite Chemistry 1. This course consists of one lecture 

and eight hours laboratory work per week. 

The object of the course is to familiarize the students with the 
best methods of separating and detecting the metals and acids. The 
reactions of the general qualitative reagents on solutions of com- 
pounds, of the elements, is first studied. The student then classifies 
the elements into groups, basing the classification on his own experi- 
mental work. His accuracy is tested by unknowns at every step. 

Texts : Dennis and Whittelsey's Qualitative Analysis, Parts of 
Prescott and Johnson's Qualitative Chemical Analysis. Constant 
reference is made to Fresenius and other standard works. 

3. Quantitative Analysis — Gravimetric — Four hours. Second 
semester. 

Pre-requisite Chemistry 2. Theory and practice of quantitative 
laboratory methods. The work of the course includes one lecture 
and a minimum of eight hours of laboratory work per week. Accu- 
racy is insisted upon as a first requisite. 

This course includes the determination of water of cyrst, in cop- 
per sulphate, barium chloride and magnesium sulphate, preparation 
of pure salts, determination as oxides of aluminum, copper, nickel, 
iron, strontium, calcium, lead and zinc, determination of metals as 



46 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

oxalate, sulphate, sulphide, phosphate, chromate and chloride, com- 
plete analysis of several alloys and minerals. 

Text : Olsen's Quantitative Chemical Analysis. 

4. Quantitative Analysis — Gravimetric and Volumetric — Four 
hours. First semester. 

Pre-requisite, Chemistry's. Electrolytic determination of metals, 
calibration, of flasks, pipettes, bulbs and burettes, acidimetry, stan- 
dard acids and alkalies. Methods for determination of nitrogen, 
titration of boric and carbonic acids, oxidation and reduction methods, 
iodometric methods. 

This course may be extended throughout the year, to include the 
analysis of iron, steel and coal, assay of iron ores, silicates, fertili- 
zers. The flexibility of the course allows the student to do special 
work. 

Texts : Olsen's Quantitative Chemical Analysis, Blair's Chemi- 
cal Analysis of Iron. 

5. Organic Chemistry— H^o hours. Throughout the year. 

Pre-requisite, Chemistry 1. One lecture and three hours 
of laboratory work per week. A study of the principal compounds of 
carbon. This series of carefully selected experiments illustrate the 
methods used in preparing the principal classes of carbon compounds 
and the fundamental reactions involved in their transformations. 

Texts : Remsen's Organic Chemistry, Orndorff's Laboratory 
Manual of Organic Chemistry. 

Course 5 alternates in years with course 6. Offered 1908-9. 

6. Industrial Chemistry — Three hours. Throughout the 
year. 

Pre-requisite, Chemistry 1. A careful study of the practical ap- 
plications of the laws of Chemistry. The course includes a study of 
the manufacture of artificial fuels, salt, soda, hydrochloric and sul- 
phuric acids, the difi'erent kinds of glass, explosives, pigments, por- 
celain, earthenware, bromine, iodine, leather, sugars, alcohols, oils, 
gums, resins, varnishes, coal tar products, cement, concrete, coke, 
fertilizers, paper, textile products. Special metallurgical processes. 
Comparisons of domestic with foreign methods. 

Text : Thorp's Outlines of Industrial Chemistry. 



DEPARTxMENTS OP INSTRUCTION 47 

Physics 

PROFESSOR BENDER 

1. Advanced Course. — Three hours. First semester. Mechanics 
of solids, liquids and gases. Heat. Lectures, demonstrations, recita- 
tions, written exercises, problems. 

Text : Carhart and Chute's University Physics. 

2. Sounds Lights Magnetism^ Electricity. — Three hours. Second 
semester. A continuation of Course 1. 

3. Advanced Laboratory Practice. — One hour. The course con- 
sists of four hours of laboratory work per week throughout the year. 

Measurements of precision in mechanics. Thermometry, Calor- 
imetry. Optics, Acoustics, Potentiometry, and allied subjects. 

Laboratory Guide : A combination of Ames and Bliss' Manual 
of Experiments in Physics and Nichols' Laboratory Manual of 
Physics and Applied Electricity will be used. 

It is intended that the scope and quality of work done in the 
above courses shall be such that the students, upon completing them 
and desiring to take up technical work later, can receive credit for 
the course in general physics, usually given in the junior year, in an 
engineering course in any good technical school. 

4. Three hours. Throughout the year. This course is open 
only to those who have completed courses 1, 2 and 3. Extended work 
in Mechanics, including engineering problems. Applied electricity. 
The character of the work will be arranged to meet individual needs. 

Education. 

PROFESSOR JOHN. 

1. History of Education — Two hours. First semester, 
Beginning with the oriental nations, a survey will be made of the 

leading systems of education, in connection with the forces which 
produced them, and their influence upon culture as a whole. Mon- 
roe's History of Education is used as a guide. Painter's History of 
Education, Campayre's History of Pedagogy, and Quick's Educa- 
tional Reformers will be used as references. 

2. Psychology and Philosophy of Education — Two hours. Second 
semester. 

Educational principles will be subjected to the test of psychology 
and philosophy. Texts : Rosenkranz's Philosophy of Education, 
Harris's Psychologic Foundations, Tompkin's Philosophy of 
Teaching. 



48 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

Departmei>kt of Oratory and Public Speaking 

MISS RUTH E. RIGLER 

The art of oratory rests upon certain laws of nature, and it is 
the purpose of the department to present the work with this aim in 
view. The value of public speech is recognized and emphasized as 
a most powerful agency and as an avenue to usefulness. 

In the instruction special stress is laid upon originality and the 
development of individuality. Elocution is taught as the oral inter- 
pretation of literature — and a high standard of selections is main- 
tained. The full course consists of three years — including the re- 
quired year in the College. Students with previous training may 
finish it in less time. 

Course of Study. 

First Year. [Requij-ed — Freshman Year.) 

Elocution. — Types of literary interpretation. Principles of ex- 
pression. Sight Reading, Voice Development, Development of 
Imagination. 

Second Year. {Special work.) 

Tone production, oral exercises, physical culture, emotional de- 
velopment, analysis of standard works, reading and recitation of 
selections, private work. Dramatic Pantomine, Extemporaneous 
Speech, Dialect and Monologues. 

Third Year. {Special work.) 

Philosophy of expression, history of oratory, melody and speech 
advanced voice development, dramatic training, characterization, 
monologues, cuttings from standard authors, oration work, extem- 
pore speaking, interpretation of Shakespeare, Browning, etc., pri- 
vate work; Art of criticism, arrangement of programs, public re- 
cital word. 

Private Lessons. 

Persons who do not desire to graduate or take an entire course 
may arrange for lessons singly or by the term. In this case the work 
will be arranged to suit the individual needs of the student 



THE ACADEMY 49 

THE ACADEMY 

THE FACULTY 

HARRY EDGAR SPESSARD, A.M., Principal, 
Mathematics and English. 

JOHN EVANS LEHMAN, A.M., 

Mathematics. 

Rev. JAMES THOMAS SPANGLER, A.M., B.D., 

Greek. 

HIRAM HERR SHENK, A.M., 

History. 

SAMUEL HOFFMAN DERICKSON, M.S., 

Zoology. 

JOHN SMITH SHIPPEE, A.M., 

Latin, 

ANDREW BENDER, A.B., 

Physics. 

M. EDNA ENGLE, A.M., 

English. 

EDWARD M. ROEDER, A.M., 
German. 

FLORENCE BOEHM, 

Drawing. 

MILTON OSCAR BILLOW, 

Instructor in English. 

AMOS B. MOYER, 

Instructor in English History. 

ROY J. GUYER, 

Instructor in Latin. 

RUTH RIGLER, 

Public Speaking. 



50 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

Lebano!\ Valley Academy 



The Academy was established in 1866. For forty-two years it 
has cherished the ideals of full and accurate scholarship, and the de- 
velopment of character that fits one for the larg^est service to society. 
From its inception eolleg"e preparation has been its main purpose. 
But its curriculum has been well adapted to the needs of those who 
have entered immediately on practical life or professional study. 

The Academy is an integral part of the College and profits by the 
proximity of students engaged in higher studies ; by the ready access 
to the library, athletic field, literary societies, dormitory and labora- 
tory privileges and by the facility in combining courses of study in 
the Academy with others in the College and Conservatory. 

Its instructors have been chosen with reference to the above 
named ideals and mutual confidence and service have been maintained 
between faculty and students. 

Admission 



The applicant should be at least twelve years of age. It is desir- 
able that he shall have completed the ordinary common school 
branches. Classes however are sometimes formed in language, 
arithmetic, history, and geography when deemed necessary. In gen- 
eral it is for the student's advantage to enter in September, or less 
preferable at the beginning of the second half year. However the 
applicant usually finds enough work if he should enter at any time. 

Each student for admission shall bring with him a certified state- 
ment of work done in the school last attended. Credit will be given 
for work thus certified. Should an applicant fail to present this 
certificate, he shall take an informal examination in the common 
school branches. He will then be assigned work at the discretion of 
the Principal. No student will be admitted until his registration is 
completed at the office, room number one. 

Examinations 



Examinations are held at the close of each half year. At this 
time reports are sent to parents or guardians. More frequent reports 
are sent when requested by parents. In the Academy records, A 



THE ACADEMY 51 

signifies excellent ; B, very good ; C, fair ; D, low but passing ; E, 
conditioned; F, failing; R, repeat in class. An "E" record may be 
removed by a test on any part of the course in which the record is 
poor; an "F" record may be removed by an extended examination 
on the payment of a special fee of two dollars. 



Absences 



If, in any semester, a student have two absences in any subject 
he shall either take a test on the subject matter passed over in his 
absence or by doing specially assigned work satisfy the professor in 
charge that he has a creditable knowledge of the work passed over. 
If the two absences in question are unexcused the student shall take 
the test and pay a fee of one dollar. For detailed information, see 
the absence rules of the College. 



Courses Offered 



In the first semester classes are formed in 

English a, b, c, and d. 

Algebra, Elementary and Intermediate. 

Geometry, Plane. 

Advanced Algebra. 

History of Greece. 

History of United States and England (alternating years). 

Latin— First year, Caesar, Cicero and Virgil. 

Greek — First year. 

German — First, second and third years. 

Physics. 

Zoology. 

Freehand and mechanical drawing. 

In the second semester new classes are formed in : 

Civics. 

Zoology. 

Roman History. 

English Classics. 



52 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

Outline of Courses 



CLASSICAL 



SCIENTIFIC 



JUNIOR 

Latin a 5 

English a 3 

Mathematics al 4 

Drawing 1 

Mathematics a2 4 

Mythology 1 

LOWER MIDDLE 

Latin b 5 

English b 3 

History d \ ^ 

History c / 

Mathematics b 3 

German; a 5 

UPPER MIDDLE 

Latin o 5 

English 4 

Mathematics c 4 

German b 5 

Declamation 1 

SENIOR 

Latin d 4 

English Classics . . . . d 2 

Greek a or ^ 

German c 

Mathematics d 4 

Science d 4 

Science c 4 

History b 2 



JUNIOR 

Latin a 

English a 

Mathematics al 

Mathematics a2 

Drawing 

Mythology 

LOWER MIDDLE 

Latin b 

English b 

History d\ 

History c / 

Mathematics b 

German a 

UPPER MIDDLE 

Latin c 

English c 

Mathematics c 

German b 

Declamation 

SENIOR 

Latin d 

English Classics . . . . d 

German c 

Mathematics d 

Science d 

Science o 

History b 



NOTE — Any substitution or change in these courses must be approved 
by the faculty. Higher Algebra, Trigonometry and Chemistry may be 
elected, but can not be substituted for the list of units required in the 
detailed outline of courses. 



THE ACADEMY 53 

DESCRIPTION OF COURSES 
English 

(a) Junior Eng-lisk— Three hours. Throughout the year. 

Vision of Sir Launfal, The Ancient Mariner, A Tale of Two 
Cities, Deserted Village, Irving's Sketch Book, oral and written 
themes based on the student's experience. Capitalization and punctu- 
ation. Unity and coherence in the sentence and composition, and 
function of the paragraph. 

{d) Lower Middle English — Three hours. Throughout the year. 

Pilgrim's Progress, Merchant of Venice, Silas Marner, Gareth 
and Lynette, Launcelot and Elaine, The Passing of Arthur, DeCov- 
erley Papers. Grammar — the verb, phrases, clauses and connectives. 
Short themes in Narration and Description. 

English (a) and (b), one and ane-half units. 

{c) Upper Middle English— Three hours. Throughout the year. 

Joan of Arc, The English Mail Coach (De Quincy), Julius Ca9sar. 
McCauley's Essay on Addison, Carlyle's Essay on Burns. Intimtives 
and participles, composition and rhetoric (Spalding). Themes, em- 
phasizing the study of diction ; synonyms and antonyms ; specific and 
general terms : words frequently confused. 

{d) Settlor English — Two hours. Throughout the year. 

Milton's Minor Poems, Burke's Speech on Conciliation with 
America, Macbeth, Franklin's Autobiography. Idiomatic and ellip- 
tic expressions. Argumentation and exposition. Themes. 

English (c) and (d) one and one-half units. 

Latin 



{a) Jimior Latin — Five hours. Throughout the year. 

First year Latin, Moore and Schlicher. 

Fabulae Faciles. One unit. 

{b) Loiver Middle Latin— Y'we hours. Throughout the year. 

Cassar, Books I.-IV. Composition based on the text. 

Bennett's Grammar. One unit. 

{€) Upper Middle Latin— Five hours. Throughout the year. 

Cicero, six orations. D'Oge's Composition based upon the text. 

Bennett's Grammar. One unit. 



54 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

{d) Senior Latin — Two hours. Throughout the year. 
Virgil's Aeneid. Prosody, sight translation. One unit. 
One hour of mythology is a necessary requirement for a full unit 
in any first year language. 



German 

[a) Elementary Course. — Five hours a week throughout the year. 
The first year's work includes the mastering of the principles of 
pronunciation, of inflections, of the gender and declension of common 
nouns, and of the meaning and principal parts of the common weak 
and strong verbs, the turning of simple English sentences into Ger- 
man, the memorizing of a few German poems, and the translation into 
English of from 150 to 200 pages of easy German prose, such as is 
found in Grim's Mdrcheti and Meander's Trdumereien. Spanhoofd's 
Lehrbuch der Deutchen Sprache. 

Required in second year of all students prepaying for all groups 
except classical. 

{b) Advanced Elementary Course. — Five hours a week throughout 
the year. The second year includes the reading and translation of 
moderately difficult prose (about 400 pages) with accompanying prac- 
tice in free reproduction, both oral and written, of the substance of 
short and easy selected passages, with exercises in German composi- 
tion. Selections from Hauff, Heyse, Storm, Stern and Benedix. 
Wesselhoeft's Composition. 

Required in third year of students preparing for all groups except 
classical. 

[c) Intermediate Course. — Four hours a week throughout the 
year. Review of grammar ; composition ; reading and conversation. 
Bierwirth's Elements of German, von Jagemann's Composition and 
Syutax^ and reading of modern prose, narrative and dramatic, with 
practice in free reproduction ; original themes. Selections from 
Riehl, Freytag and Schiller. 

Open to students who have had Courses A and B or equivalents- 
Prescribed for Fi^eshmen in all groups {except classical) who do not offer 
third year Germ^an at entrance. College credit is given for German C in 
igo8-igog. [See statcfnent of College German, page 35, Course sa.) 



THE ACADEMY 55 

Greek 

(a) Greek — Four hours. Throug-hout the year. White's First 
Greek Book. 

In as much as only one year of Greek is now offered in the Acad- 
emy, classical students are expected to have at least German (a) and 
(b). 

Mathematics 

{a^) Arithmetic— Fowv hours. Throughout the year. A special 
drill in fractions, percentage and the metric system. Junior year, 
one-half unit. 

(a^) Algebra — Four hours, Throughout the year. The equiva- 
lent of Wentworth's Elementary Algebra as far as Quadradics- 
Graphs. Junior year. One-half unit. 

{b) Algebra — Three hours. Throughout the year. Wentworth's 
Elementary Algebra is completed. Lower middle year. One-half 
unit. 

{c) Plane Geometry — Four hours. Throughout the year. Went- 
worth is the text used. Much time is given to original problems. 
Upper middle year. One unit. 

{d) Solid Geometry — Four hours. Second semester. Text, 
Wentworth. One-half unit. 

(<?) Advanced Algebra — Four hours. First semester. One-half unit. 
Trigonometry — Four hours. Second semester. Both subjects 
are elective. One-half unit. 

Science 

[c] Zoology — One semester. 

Two recitations, lectures or quizzes and two laboratory periods 
of two hours each, each week. 

The object of the course is to give the student a general know- 
ledge of the animal kingdom. Types of all the phyla are studied in 
the laboratory and notes and drawings prepared. Numerous ex- 
amples of the orders are used for demonstration. Topics requiring 
investigation in the field are assigned and reports required. 



56 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

The course embraces the work in elementary biology outlined by 
the committee on college entrance requirements. 
Text : Elementary Zoology, Kellogg. One unit. 

ELEMENTARY PHYSICS (Science d) 

1. Pour hours. Throughout the year. Mechanics of solids, 
liquids and gases, heat, light, magnetism, electricity. Con- 
versational lectures, illustrated by experiments and the lantern. 
Recitations* Weekly written exercises, corrected in detail. Prob- 
lems illustrating the laws and principles of physics. 

The aim of the course is to acquaint the student with the phe- 
nomena and laws of the physical world ; to cultivate a love for 
physical science, and to prepare for more advanced work in Physics. 

No previous knowledge of Physics is required for admission to 
the course. 

Text : Milliken and Gale's First Course in Physics. 

2. Elementary Laboratory Practice. — Two hours laboratory work 
per week throughout the year. The student acquires skill in the 
manipulation of physical apparatus and in making measurements of 
physical quantities. Careful work is insisted upon, and the student's 
work must be approved before leaving the laboratory. Accurate 
and neatly written notes must be handed in at regular times. About 
sixty-five standard experiments are required, with an additional 
optional number. The National Physics course is followed. 



History and Civics 

(5) English and Civics. — Two hours. Throughout the year. 
Senior year. One unit. 

{c) Grecian. — Three hours. First semester. 

Myers' Ancient History. Lower middle year. One-half unit. 

{d) Roman. — Three hours. Second semester. 

Myers' Ancient History. Lower middle year. One-half unit. 



Free-Hand Drawing 

The work consists of drawing from simple objects, and then 
groups of objects. 



THE ACADEMY 57 

Light and shade are subsequently taken up. The subject receives 
a quarter-unit of credit. The class meets once a week. 

Mechdi^lcal Drawing 

Introductory work in complex geometric figures. Projective 
drawing. The work prepares for engineering courses. One-fourth 
unit. 

Elocution 



One hour a week is devoted to declamations and the rudiments of 
vocal expression and interpretation of the best English classics. 
One-fourth unit. 

Electloi^ of Studies 

While there are two definitely prescribed courses in the Acad- 
emy, there is considerable room for election of courses that have 
special value to students intending to specialize. 

The Principal advises the students what subjects are fundamental 
to professional and engineering courses. 

Graduation 

The required credit for graduation, as outlined in the Classical 
and Scientific Courses, is sixteen units. Provided that the student 
shall have completed at least the three units in Mathematics, the 
three units in English, four units of Latin, two units of German, one 
laboratory science, and one unit of history. 

In general the pursuance of a four or five-hour subject per week 
per year constitutes a unit. Corresponding credits are given for 
recitations reciting fewer times per week. However, all credits are 
based upon the report of the committee of the Association of Teach- 
ers of Secondary Schools. In short, the completion of seventy-two 
hours of work as above outlined entitles the student to a diploma of 
graduation. If said student desires to continue work in Lebanon 
Valley College he shall arrange his work so as to meet the entrance 
requirements for the several courses. 

Sub-Preparatory Course 

Sometimes students of mature age come to us not fully prepared 
to enter the Academy. They have for various reasons attended 



58 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

school but a short time and find it embarassing to enter the public 
schools with scholars so much youngfer than themselves. For these 
we make provision. However, at least sixteen hours of regular 
Academy work is required for classification. 

Arithmetic, U. S. History, Grammar, Book-keeping-, and Ele- 
mentary Physiology are positive requirements for academic regis- 
tration. 

Facts to be Considered 

A one hundred dollar scholarship is awarded each year to the 
Academy graduate who has, according to the vote of the Faculty, 
made the best class record and deported himself in accordance with 
regulations. 

Academy students are admitted to all social privileges of the Col- 
lege. Excellent opportunities are offered for self improvement in 
the Literary societies and Christian associations. 

The Normal Department 

The object of the Normal Department is to give special instruc- 
tion to young men and women who desire to teach in our public 
schools. 

All the fundamental branches in which teachers are required to 
be examined are systematically and thoroughly reviewed and daily 
instruction is given in the principles of teaching and the art of school 
management. 

The work in this department is continued throughout the year. 
During the spring term, which begins about the time public schools 
close, special teachers are employed to accommodate the increasing 
numbers. These teachers are the best public school teachers obtain- 
able who know just what points to emphasize in preparation. 



DEPARTMENT OP MUSIC 59 

DEPAIiTMENT OF MUSIC 
Faculty 

HERBERT OLDHAM, P.S.Sc, Director, London, 
Piano ^ Orgati, Etc. 

PLORENCE A. ROACH, 
Voice 

EDWARD M. ROEDER, A.M., 
Geruian 

JOHN SMITH SHIPPEE, A.M., 
French 

RUTH E. RIGLER, B.L, 

Elocution 

PLORENCE M. BOEHM, 
Fainting, Drawing 

Location and Equipment 

The Engle Music Hall is a handsome three-story stone 
structure. It contains a fine auditorium witli large pipe organ, 
director's room, and nine practice rooms, waiting and writing room 
for student's use, large society rooms, lavatories, etc. The whole 
building is lighted by electricity and heated by steam, and designed 
and furnished with a view to having it complete in every respect for 
the study of music in all its branches. A complete musical education 
from the very first steps to the highest artistic excellence may be 
secured. The director will use every effort to obtain positions for 
those students who have finished the courses, and who may wish to 
teach or perform in public. 

Object 

The department has for its object, the foundation and diffusion 
of a high and thorough musical education. The methods used are 
those followed by the leading European conservatories. The courses 
are broad, symstematic, progressive, and as rapid as possible, and 
the conservatory offers the means for a complete education in 
musical art at a moderate cost. 



60 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

Herbert Oldham, Director 

Director Oldham was born near London and educated there. He 
was choir boy in Christ Church Cathedral from the age of six years 
to that of seventeen. Studied the pianoforte, harmony, pipe organ, 
and voice, under Sir R. P. Stewart. After completing the academic 
course in Trinity College, Dublin, he studied pipe organ and com- 
position with Sir John Stainer, organist of St. Paul's, London, the 
pianoforte with Sir Walter McFarren, of Cambridge University, and 
voice training with Signor Randegger, London. Later he went to 
Frankfort, where he studied under Joachim Raff ; from there to 
Paris, studying under Emil Haberbier. In 1883 Professor Oldham 
toured through the United States as solo pianist to Camilla Urso, 
playing in two hundred and ninety-seven cities and towns. He then 
located in Toledo, Iowa, as director of the conservatory of Western 
College. Later he lived in Lincoln^ Nebraska, and left Le Marsj 
Iowa, to take the direction of Ivebanon Valley College Department 
of Music. 

Miss Florence A. Roach 

Miss Roach, a diploma pupil of Madame Pittoria Coppi Baldisseri, 
of Florence, Italy, is well equipped for her position as instructor of 
voice. Upon her graduation from High School she entered De Pauw 
University, Greencastle, Indiana, and after a course of study in the 
academic and music departments there, she went abroad with one of 
her teachers for more advanced work. While abroad Miss Roach 
studied in Florence, Italy, with Madame Baldisseri of the famous 
Marchesi School, and aside from the development of her own voice 
she made a specialty of studying the placement and tone production 
of different voices under the personal training of Madame Baldisseri. 
Upon her return to America Miss Roach accepted the position as 
vocal instructor in Albany College, Albany, Oregon. From there 
after another course of study of tone production and oratorio with the 
Masters, Grosh and Dr. Allum, of Chicago, she took up her work in 
Lebanon Valley. Miss Roach has appeared in concert work through- 
out the East and West and has always been prominent in glee and 
choir work. 

Pianoforte 

The course is divided into sixteen grades, equalling four grades 
per annum for four years work. A comprehensive study of the stand- 
ard literature of instructive piano work is absolutely necessary to 
the piano student and these are studied through the various grades. 



DEPARTMENT^ OF MUSIC 61 

The new school of studies edited by Carl Thumer and published in 
sixteen grades, along with Koeler's and Plaidy's Teehnical Exercises 
are the basis for the technical and etude work through all the grades. 

Voice 

It is the aim of this department to build up the voice, beginning 
with the simplest forms of pure tone production and proceeding sys- 
tematically to advanced vocalization. Perfect breath control, relaxa- 
tion and correct tone placing are the cardinal points in voice culture, 
and these are carefully and rigidly insisted upon. Phrasing, enunci- 
ation and resonance are also given important consideration in the 
course. Special attention is paid to the needs of individual voices, 
and the studies are varied accordingly. 

Orgai\ 



The Director has had twenty-five years' experience as concert 
and church organist, and has studied and played in Great Britain, 
Germany and the United States. 

The student must be advanced to at least the sixth grade in the 
pianoforte course before taking up the study of the organ. 

The course prepared is based on the best methods of England, 
France and Germany, and with a view to educating the student in 
the most thorough manner. Special attention is given to the proper 
modes of service playing, organ accompaniments, etc., as well as 
concert or recital playing. 

Harmoiiy Course 



Is based on Brockhoven's Harmony and occupies four terms' 
work. It is taught in classes, but backward students can arrange for 
private lessons. 

Theory Course 

Is based on Elson's Theory and occupies three terms' class work. 

History Course 

Is based on Reimann's History of Music and Filmore's Lessons in 
Musical History, and occupies three terms of class work. 

Send to the Director for separate catalogue of the Department 
of Music containing the complete courses in all branches. 

LECTURES.— There will be lectures on musical history each 



62 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

term, and all regular students of the departments will be required to 
attend them. 

CONCERTS.— Recitals and concerts by the students, the Faculty, 
or leading artists, will be held at stated intervals throughout the year. 

Certificates 

REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTIFICATES 
Complete course in pianoforte or in any of the other subjects, 
viz: voice, violin, harmony, theory or history. 
Fee for certificate, ^2.50. 

Diplomas 



REQUIREMENTS FOR DIPLOMAS 

Complete selected course, viz: piano, organ, violin or voice. 

In case of piano or organ student, three terms voice. In case of 
voice student, three terms piano. Complete courses in harmony, 
history and theory. Three terms each in chorus class, English, 
grammar, rhetoric and composition, literature, French or German. 

Free tuition in any one of the literary studies. Each candidate 
to give a public recital during last term. 

Fee for diploma, $5.75. 

Degree 



REQUIREMENTS FOR DEGREE (Mus. B) 

Candidates must already have taken a diploma. 

Must have freshman standing in any of the College courses. 

Two years, fugue, harmony, counterpoint and composition. 

Must write a composition for four solo voices and chorus, to 
occupy about twenty minutes, and must train, rehearse and conduct 
the same for public performance. 

Fee for degree, $10.00. 

Examinations . 



All students taking any of the regular music courses, will be 
compelled to take the various examinations the second week of 
April. These examinations are for entrance in the various classes 
(sophomore, junior and senior) the following September. All senior 
students must take their final examinations at the same time. 

These will be held in the College chapel, and are for perform- 
ance, not theory. A list of the various studies, selections, etc., can 
be obtained at any time from the Director. 



DEPARTMENT OP MUSIC 



63 



Expenses 



PRIVATE LESSONS. 




g 
1 


tie 


Voice, Piano, or Reed Organ, Two a week, by Director. 

Voice, Piano, or Reed Organ, One a week, by Director. 

Harmony, 

Pipe Organ, Two a week, 

Pipe Organ, One a week. 


$22 50 
11 25 
15 00 
30 00 
15 00 


S18 00 
9 00 
12 00 
24 00 
12 00 


816 50 

8 25 

11 00 

22 00 

11 00 


CLASS LESSONS. 








Harmony, One lesson a week, 

Theory, One lesson a week, 

Musical History, etc., One lesson a week. 


S7 50 
3 00 
3 00 


$5 00 
3 00 
3 00 


$5 00 
3 00 
3 00 


USE OF INSTRUMENTS. 








Piano, One hour a day, 
Pipe Organ, One hour a day, 


S2 50 
3 00 


g2 00 
2 50 


S2 00 
2 50 



Students taking a full music course are charged a matriculation 
fee of $3.00 for the year, payable in advance. This fee entitles stu- 
dent to all privileges of the College. 

Students taking piano, organ, or voice only are charged a matric- 
ulation fee of $1.00 payable in advance. 

Pipe organ students must pay at the rate of 10 cents an hour for 
organ blower. 

Fee for graduation diploma, $5,75 

RULES AND REGULATIONS.— No reduction is made for ab- 
sence from the first two lessons of the term, nor for a subsequent in- 
dividual absence. In case of long continued illness the loss is shared 
equally by the College and the student. 

All tuition is payable in advance. 

Pupils may enter any time, but for convenience of grading, etc., 
the beginning of each term is the most desirable time. 

All sheet music must be paid for when taken. 

No pupil is allowed to omit lessons without a sufficient cause. 

Reports showing attendance, practice, and improvement in grade , 
will be issued at the close of each term. 

For all further information as to any particular course, or combi- 
nation of courses, rooms, boarding, etc., address 

DIRECTOR OF THE CONSERVATORY, 
Lebanon Valley college, 
Annville, Pa. 



64 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

Departments of ArL 

IFlorence S. Boehm, Instructor 
Course of Study for Certificate 

First Year — Drawing-, Sketching in pencil of various familiar sub- 
jects, and drawing- from geometric solids, good examples of propor- 
tion and perspective, and the principles of light and shade. 

Painting — Flowers, fruit and leaves, models, casts and familiar 
objects. Elementary original composition. 

Modeling — Fruit, vegetable forms and leaves from casts and 
nature ; animals from the cast and prints. Elementary original com- 
position. 

Second Year — Charcoal drawing from casts of heads. Painting in 
water colors and pastels from groups of still life, interiors, decorative 
subjects, flowers, draperies, and out of door sketching. 

Third y^^r— Sketching from life. Painting in oils from still life 
and nature. Wash drawings in ink, water color, historic ornament. 
Studies in color harmony. 

Teacher^s Class — Principles and methods of drawing, modeling, 
blackboard drawing, lettering, brush work, sketching from life and 
water color. 

Saturday work is offered for teachers and children who cannot 
take work during the week. 

Keramics — Classes in china painting are instructed by the latest 
methods in conventional and naturalistic treatment. The china is 
fired in the institution, giving students an opportunity for learning 
how to fire their own china. 

Miniature — Miniature painting on ivory. 

Students vf ho do not desire the certificate course may take special 
work along any line preferred. 

Art Exhibit 

During commencement week an exhibit of some of the work done 
in the department is held in the studio, at which all visitors are 
welcomed and entertained by members of the department. 

A prize of $2.00 will be awarded for the best work in each of the 
following branches : pencil, charcoal, china, pastel, and water color. 

Expenses 

FALL WINTER SPRING 
TERM TERM TERM 

TUITION— One lesson a week $10 00 $ 8 00 $ 8 00 

Two lessons a week 16 00 12 00 12 00 

Children's beginning class 2 50 2 00 2 00 

Children's advance class 4 00 3 00 3 00 

Special lessons .... 75 cents each. Matriculation fee . . . $1.00 



REGISTER OP STUDENTS 65 

REGISTER OF STUDENTS 
The College 

CBwADUATE STUDENTS 

Adams, Robert T Lebanon 

Balsbaugh, Edwin M Lebanon 

Erb, Elmer E Hockersville 

Esbenshade, Park P . Bird-in-Hand 

Hershey, Ruth M Hershey 

Graybill, Robert B Annville 

Mills, Alfred Keister Annville 

Plummer, F. Berry Shippensburg- 

Sprecher, John H . Lebanon 

Wau^fhtel, Samuel H Red Lion 

SENIORS 

Appenzellar, Joseph Lester Chambersburg- 

Billow, Milton Oscar Shermansdale. 

Courson, Delia New York City 

Fisher, Byrt W Lancaster. 

Guyer, Roy Jones . Shippensburg 

Hartz, Roger Sherman Blaine Palmyra 

Knaub, Neda A . Annville 

Kreider, Sallie Wenger Lebanon 

Lehn, Homer M. B.. Annville 

Linebaugh, Norman Lester Florin 

Long, Samuel Burman Hay's Grove 

Mease, Oliver Onset 

Morgan, Rufus E Valley View 

Oldham, Stanley Reginald Annville 

Shoop, Charles Wilson Harrisburg 

Wilder, Henry L Hingham, Mass. 

Zuck, Alice M. . . . Annville 

JUN50RS 

Dotter, Charles G , ,,,... Annville 

Flook, Albert Daniel Myersville, Md. 

Hoerner, Lena Mae Mechanicsburg 

Hoffer, George Nissley Hummelstown 

Lindsay, A. M Steelton 



66 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

Lowery, Grace Burtner Harrisburg 

Mills, A. Lucile Annville 

Moyer, Amos B Sunbury 

Richter, George M Halifax 

Spessard, Walter V Annville 

Stehman, J. Warren Mountville 

Weidler, Deleth Eber Allentown 

Yeatts, Edna D York 

SOPHOMORES 

Andrew, Harry W Strasburg 

Bair, Grover Cleveland Belleville 

Bomberger, Harry K Lebanon, R. F. D. 7 

Fleming, Mervin R York 

Freed, Edith Nissley Annville 

Garrett, E. Myrtle Hummelstown 

Harnish, Wilbur E Mechanicsburg 

Jacoby, John Edward York 

Kohler, Fillmore T .- Yoe 

Kreider, D. Robert Annville 

Musser, Mary B Mountville 

Renn, Earl E Middletown 

Rutherford, F. Allen Royalton 

Seltzer, Lucy S Lebanon 

Shaffer, Floyd E Lebanon 

Strock, J. Clyde Mechanicsburg 

Weidler, Victor O , Allentown 

Yoder, Jesse T Belleville 

FRESHMEN 

Beckley, Arthur S Mont Clare 

Beckley, Carrie May Lebanon 

Brunner, William Albert New Bloomfield 

Ehrhart, Oliver T Millersville 

Ellenberger, Joseph Annville 

Ellis, William O Annville 

Frost, Fred T Lebanon 

Herr, Harvey Elmer . ' Annville 

Herr, Mabel S Annville 

Holdeman, Phares M. Bellegrove 

John, Dwight T Annville 

Kauffman, Artus O Dallastown 

Lehman, S. Blaine Chambersburg 



REGISTER OF STUDENTS 67 

Lehman, John Karl Annville 

Marshall, Edward Annville 

Plummer, Charles W Hagerstown, Md. 

Plummer, Wilbur Clayton . Hagerstown, Md. 

Saylor, Roger B Annville 

Shoop, William Carson Annville 

Smith, Herbert Alvin . Birdsboro 

Spessard, Earl A , Annville 

Strickler, Alfred Desch Lebanon 

Yake, Elmer E Annville 

UNCLASSIFIED 

Boger, John Lebanon 

DeLap, D. F Bendersville 

Funderburk, Joseph V. Columbia, S. C. 

KeiBter, M. LaVerne Annville 

Light, E. Victor Annville 

Light, Harrison Annville 

Loos, Anna Berne 

Lutz, Alice Katherine Shippensburg 

Miller, Catherine Lebanon 

Nissley, Mabel H Hummelstown 

Oldham, Cecelia Annville 

Oldham, Constance Annville 

Rigler, Margaret Louise Annville 

Roeder, Arthur St. Louis, Mo. 

Smith, George Mark Annville 

The Academy 

J.— Junior U. M.— Upper Middle L. M.— Lower Mitidle 

S.— Senior U.— Unclassified 

Andes, Harry, L. M. *Ellenberger, Joseph, S. 

Barnholt, J. H., U. Ellis, Ruth, U. 

Bender, Harry M., U. M. ' Engle, Esther, S. 

Biever, Walter, J. Engle, Elizabeth, S. 

Bodenhorn, Elwood, U. Fasnacht, Irene, U. 

Boltz, Kathryn, U. Fink, Maurice, U. 

Brightbill, Helen, U. Gantz, Lillian, U. 

Brunner, Ruth, U. Goodhart, Fred E., U. 

Carmany,- Earl H., S. Goodman, W. G., U. M. 

Gruber, A. May, J. 



68 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 



HefPelfinger, Victor M., U. M. 
Henry, Louise, U. 
Henry, Martha B., S. 
Hershey, Catherine, S. 
Holtzman, Mark G., J. 
Keister, Donald C, S. 
Kreider, Aaron S., S. 
Kreider. A. Louise, S. 
Kreider, Clement, U. 
Kreider, Edward Landis, U. M. 
Lehman, Edith M., U. M. 
Light, Boaz, U. M. 
Light, Carrie E., S. 
Light, Jessie G., S. 
Long, Nora, U. 
Loser, Earl, U. 
Loser, Paul, U. 
^Marshall, J. Edward, S. 



Biegle, Minnie May, J. 
Riegle, Ralph R., J. 
Risser, Blanche M., J. — ^ 
Savastio, Leonard, U. M. 



Shaud, Sallie, U. 
Smith, Frederick Suesserot, S. 
Snavely, Julia, J. 
Snyder, Lester E., U. 
Snyder, Verda A., S. 
Spangler, Ruth Fern, U. 
Spessard, Lester L., S. 
Spessard, Lottie May, U. M. 
Steininger, Samuel I., J. 
Steckbeck, Grant B., L. M. 
Swope, W, M., U. 
Walmer, Harry Keim, J. 



Maulfair, Mary E., U. 
McCurdy, Charles E., L. M. 
Miller, C. Wallace, J. 
Miller, Helen E., U. 
Moechel, Felix Forest, L. M. 
Mutch, Edward, S. 
Nye, Carrie, U. 
Ohnmacht, John S., J. 
Reilly, Edith A., U. M. 
Reist, Irvin, U. 

Zuck, Alfred Tennyson, U. M 
♦Entered Lebanon Valley Collage 



Wert, Mark, U. M. 
Weston, Warren Knight, U. 
Witmeyer, Carrie, U. 
Winemiller, Geo. Bowman, L. M. 
Woolf, Edna, U. 
Woolf, Herbert, U. 
*Yake, Elmer E., S. 
Yarkers, Edna, M. 
Yingst, John C, J. 



NORMAL DEPARTMENT"! 90? 

Artz, Stella K Lebanon 

Bachman, Harry M Lebanon 

Bacoastow, Mary M Palmyra 

Bender, Harry M s. Annville 

Bomgardner, Lizzie E Lebanon 

Bohr, Matilda M Cornwall 

Bomberger, Paul S Palmyra 

Brandt, Edna M Lebanon 

Cassel, J. Herbert Grantville 

Daniels, Emma H Lebanon 



REGISTER OF STUDENTS ^ 69 

Donmoyer, Thomas F Lebanon 

Early, Henry H Palmyra 

Ensminger, Harvey Annville 

Fasnacht, Daniel F Campbellstown 

Fry, Hannah Gertrude Palmyra 

Forney, Harry S Lebanon 

Goss, Dorothy B Middletown 

Goss, Myra A Middletown 

Groh, Ida . Heilmandale 

Hartman, Clara Lebanon 

Hartz, Ira G . . . Palmyra 

Heagy, Ray Forrest , Palmyra 

Heilman, William J Cleona 

Heilman, "George E Cleona 

Heilman, Katharine Lebanon 

Henning, Minnie Gloninger 

Hetrick, Mary R Crantville 

Hetrick, Minnie M Grantville 

Himmelberger, Abraham M . Heilmandale 

Hostetter, Cyrus G Annville 

Knoll, Harry W Annville 

Koons, Miles B Lebanon 

Kreider, Isaac G Lebanon 

Kreider, Sarah Cleona 

Lehman, Clayton G " ' " Campbelltown 

Light, Victor E Annville 

Light, Bertha G Lebanon 

Light, Martin G Lebanon 

Light, Grace E Avon 

Light, Katie M Annville 

Light, Alice L Lebanon 

Light, Harrison B Annville 

Light, Milo > Annville 

Light, Boaz G • • Avon 

Maulfair, Arthur A Lebanon 

Meyer, Irvin C Annville 

Moyer, Morris M Palmyra 

Nye, Carrie E Annville 

Olewine, Sallie M Myerstown 

Rank, ;Edna L Palmyra 

Rank, Kathryn A Palmyra 

Rank, Fanny Lebanon 



70 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 



Reist, Allen E Lebanon, R. F. D. 1 

Shock, Margaret C Mount Zion 

Shanaman, Olive K Lebanon 

Shelly, D. O . Annville 

Sherk, John E Fredericksburg 

Sholl, Ada May Fredericksburg 

Snavely, George J Cleona 

Suavely, Julia Cleona 

Spangler, Abner C Lebanon 

Sprecher, Mabel M Lebanon 

Swanger, Mary E Lebanon 

Swope, Paul J Fredericksburg 

Troxel, Mary C Jonestown 

Umberger, Morris M Lebanon 

White, Caleb Lebanon 

Yiengst, Levi Mount Zion 

Conservatory Studeiits 

p. — Piano O. — Organ V. — Voice H. — Harmony 

T.— Theory Hi.— History G.C.— Glee Club 



Altenderfer, Mrs. W., O. 
Bender, H., V. 
Beckley, Carrie, O.K. T.Hi 
Bomberger, Emma, P. 
Boehm, Lyda, P.T. 
Booth, Alta, V. 
Bowman, Margaret, V. 
Brant, Adam, V. 
Case, Harriette, V. 
Condran, Elsie, P.H. 
Cresson, Nellie, P.T. 
Deck, Verna, P. 
Dunmoyer, Nellie, P. 
Ebright, Lida, O.V. 
Engle, Esther, P.V. 
Ensminger, Harry, P. 
Ensminger. Mabel, P. 
Erb, Pearl, V. 
Fasnacht, Irene, P.O. 
Flook, A. D., G.C. 



Frantz, Edith, V.H. 

Freed, Edith, O.H. 

Frost, Fred, G.C. 

Gantz, Mary, P.H. 

Gallagher, Nellie, P. 

Gambler, Lydia, V. 

Garber, Mae, P.V. 

Gemmi, Lillian, P. 

Gettel, Mary, V. 

Gingrich, Edith, P. 

Groh, Sara, P. 

Hardman, Frank, P.O.V.G.C. 

Hauer, Lillian, P. 

Hatz, Erwin, P.O.V.H.Hi.T. 

Herr, W. E., G.C. 

Henry, Martha, P.H. 

Herr, Henry, P. 

Herr, Mabel, P.V. 

Hunsicker, Mrs., V. 

Krieder, Louise, P.V. 



REGISTER OP STUDENTS 



71 



Krieder, Robert, V. 
Lehr, Gertrude, P.V. 
Light, Jessie, P.H. 
Light, Victor, V. 
Lutz, Alice, P. V. 
Long, S. B. V. 
Light, E. V. V. 
Light, Carrie, P. 
Lowery, Grace, O.V. 
Lehman, M. F., G.C. 
Mathias, Mrs. O. 
Maybery, Laura, P T. 
Maulfair, Ralph, P. 
Maulfair, Mary, P. 
Meyers, Mary, P.T. 
Mills, A. K., G.C. 
Miller, M. L., P. 
Musser, Mary, P.V.HI.T 
Nye, Florence, P.H. 
Nye, Carrie, P. 
Oldham, Constance, P. 
Oldham, Celia, V. 
Prout, Violet, P.V.T. 
Renninger, Nora, P.H.T. 
Reilly, Edith, P.V. 
Renn, E. A., G.C. 



Reigle, Minnie, P. 
Rigler, Margaret, P. H.T. 
Rigler, Ruth, P. 
Ryan, Bessie, O. 
Ristenblat, Beulah, O.H.T. 
Riegle, Ralph, P. 
Roeder, A. C, G.C. 
Saylor, Miriam, P. 
Shaud, Elizabeth, P. H. Hi. 
Shenk, Rachel, P. 
Simpson, Fanny, P. 
Smith, Fred, P. O. G.C. 
Snyder, Verda, V. 
Spessard, E. A., V. G.C. 
Spessard, L. S., G.C, 
Spessard, W. V., G.C. 
Stroh, Minnie, P. 
Strickler, A. D., G.C. 
Uhrich, Gertrude, P. O. H. Hi. 
Weber, Ruth, P. V* 
Weidler, D. E., G.C. 
Weidler, V. O., G.C. 
Witman, Naoma, P. 
Witters, Sadie, P. 
Wood, Claire, P. H. 
Yoder, Jessie, G.C. 



STUDENTS IN ELOCUTION 



Andrew, Harry W. 
Bair, Grover Cleveland 
Berger, Grace 
Boltz, Catherine 
Brightbill, Helen 
Brunner, Cora 
Elliot, Bertha 
Frantz, Susan 
Gantz, Lillian 
Garber, May 
Gerry, Dorothy 



Henry, Louise 
Kelchner, Arabelle 
Kelchner, Ruth 
Killinger, Lena 
Klick, Vada 
Kreider, Nancy 
Long, Samuel Burman 
Lehman, Max F. 
Lutz, Alice Katherine 
Shiffer, Hattie 
Urich, Josephine 



72 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 



STUDENTS IN ART 



Batdorf, Emma 
Bowman, Carrie 
Brightbill, Helen 
Cresson, Dorothy 
Engle, Elizabeth 
Engle, Esther 
Henry, Martha 
Keister, La Verne 
Lig"ht, Alma 
Lutz, Alice Katherine 
Marshall, Elizabeth 



Maulfair, Mary E. 
Meyer, May 
Miller, Catharine 
Renninger, Nora 
Riegle, Minnie 
Riley, Edith 
Shiffer, Hattie 
Shiffer, Martha B. 
Snyder, Verda 
Spangler Ruth 
Spang'ler, W. Roy 



SUMMARY 

Graduate Students , 10 

Undergraduate Students 86 

Seniors ... 17 

Juniors 13 

Sophomors 18 

Freshmen 23 

Unclassified 15 

Academy 77 

Normal Department 68 

Department of Music 92 

Department of Elocution 22 

Department of Art 22 

377 

Names repeated 58 

Total 3l9 

The above Summary of Students includes all who have matricu- 
lated from April 1, 1907, to April 1, 1908. 



REGISTER OF STUDENTS 73 

Degrees CoMerred, June 12, 190f 

BACHELOR OF ARTS 

Bender, C. Ray Myers, Helen Ethel 

Esbenshade, Park F. Peiffer, Mary Elizabeth 

Gehr, Elias M. Seitz, Irvin S. 

Herr, William Eby Shroyer, Effie Evelyn 

Herrman, Amos Wallick Sprecher, John Henry 

Knaus, Edward Emanuel Stehman, Elizabeth Lucretia 

Lehman, Max Fisher Waughtel, Samuel H. 
Metzger, Maurice Rutt 

DIPLOMAS IN MUSIC 

Albert, Alberta A. Maulfair, Iva B. 

Albert, Mark A. Mock, Mabel 

Coppenhaver, Florence Spessard, Arthur R. 

Cunkle, Elva P. Oberdick, A. Louise 

Evans, Mark Stengle, Verna I, 

Faus, Eli A. - Walmer, Gertrude 

Hay, M. Alberta Wolf, Florence H. 
Herr, Mabel S. 

DOCTOR OF LAWS 
Rev. William Edgar Geil, A.M., Doylestown, Pa. 



74 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

INDEX 

Academy 49-58 

Absences 51 

Admission 50 

Courses Offered 51 

Description of Courses . . . 53-58 

Examinations 50 

Outline of Courses 52 

Advisers 15 

Art Department 64 

Astronomy 40 

Bible 42 

Biolog-y 42 

Board of Trustees 3 

Building-s and Grounds . . 10 

Calendar 2 

Chemistry 45 

Class Standing 16 

College Organizations 11 

Corporation 3 

Courses, Outline of, (College) 26-29 

Degrees Conferred 73 

Degree and Diploma . . . , . . , 16 

Discipline 15 

Economics 41 

Education . 47 

English Language and Literature 36 

Enrollment 65 

Expenses, College and Academy 16-17 

Department of Art 64 

Department of Music 63 

Faculty and Officers 5-6 

French Language and Literature ' " . . 33 

General Information 10-25 

German Language and Literature 34 

Graduate Work ... 14 

Greek Language and Literature 31 

History 40 

History of the College 7 

Laboratories 13 

Latin Language and Literature 32 



INDEX 75 

Library and Reading Rooms 13 

Mathematics 3y 

Music Department 59-63 

Normal Department 58 

Philosophy 30 

Physics 47 

Political Science ^q 

Public Speaking" 48 

Religious Work 11 

Eequirements for Admission : 

Academy .50 

College 18-25 

Scholarships 14 

Sociology 4rl 




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