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Full text of "Lebanon Valley College Catalog"

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FORTY-FIFTH ANNUAL CATALOGUE 



OF 



Lebanon Valley College 

The Conservatory of Music 
and The Academy 

ANNVILLE, PA. 
1911 



Press of 

HiBSTEB Printing And Publishing Co. 

ANNVILLE, Pa. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

CALENDAR 



1910-1911 

1910 

September 14, Wednesday, College year began. 

November 24, Thursday, Anniversary of Clionian Literary Society. 

December 21, Wednesday, Christmas vacation began. 

1911 
January 4, Wednesday, Christmas vacation ended. 
January 23, Friday, First Semester ended. 
January 30, Monday, Second Semester began. 
April 7, Friday, Anniversary of Kalozetean Literary Society. 
May 5, Friday, Anniversary of Philokosmian Literary Society. 
May 24-26, Senior Final examinations. 
May 30-June 2, Final examinations. 
June 4, Sunday, 10:30 a. m.. Baccalaureate Sermon. 

7:30 p. m., Address before the Christian Associations. 
June 5, Monday, 7:45 p. m., Exercises by Graduating Class in Music. 
June 6, Tuesday, 9:00 a. m.. Annual Meeting of the Board of Trustees. 

7:45 p. m.. Junior Oratorical Contest. 

9:00 p. m., Alumni Banquet and Re-union. 
June 7, Wednesday, 10:00 a. m., Forty-fourth Annual Commencement. 

1911-1912 

1911 

September 11 and 12, Examination and registration of students. 

September 13, Wednesday, College year begins. 

November 23, Thursday, Anniversary of Clionian Literary vSociety. 

November 23 and 25, Thanksgiving Recess. 

December 21, Thursday, Fall Term ends. 

1912 
January 3, Wednesday, Winter Term begins. 
January 22-26, Mid-year examinations. 
January 25, Thursday, Day of Prayer for Colleges. 
January 26, Friday, First Semester ends. 
January 29, Monday, Second Semester begins. 
February 11, Sunday, Day of Prayer for students. 
February 22, Thursday, Washington's Birthday. 
March 22, Friday, Winter Term ends. 
March 25, Monday, Spring Term begins. 
April 3, 7:45 a. m. to April 10, 8:45 a. m., Easter Recess. 
June 12, Wednesday, Forty-sixth Annual Commencement. 



LEBANON VALIvEY COLLEGE S 

FACULTY AND OFFICERS 

REV. LAWRENCE KEISTER S. T. B., D. D. 
President 

JOHN EVANS LEHMAN, A. M. 
Projessor of Maihemaiics and Astronomy 

HIRAM HERR SHENK, A. M., Dean 
Professor of History and Political Science 

SAMUEL HOFFMAN DERICKSON, M. S., Secretary 
Professor of Biological Sciences 

REV. ALVIN E. SHROYER, B. D. 
Professor of Greek, and Instructor in Bible 

LOUISE PRESTON DODGE, Ph. D. 

Josephine Bittinger Eberly Professorship of Latin 

Language and Literature 

Professor of French 

HENRY E. WANNER, B. S. 
Professor of Chemistry and Physics 

MARY E. SLEICHTER, A. M. 
Professor of German 

C. C. PETERS, A. M. 
Professor of Philosophy and Education 

SARAH RUSH PARKS, A.M. 
Professor of English 

HARRY EDGAR SPESSARD, A. M. 
Principal of the Academy 



6 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

FACUTLY AND OFFICERS 

E. EDWIN SHELDON, Mus. M. 
Director of the Conservatory of Music 

IDA MANEVAL SHELDON, Mus. B. 
Pianoforte, Harmony, Musical History 

ETHEL IRENE BROWN 
Voice Culture 

FREDS WEISS LIGHT 
Violin 

FLORENCE S. BOEHM 
Instructor in Art 

MAY BELLE ADAMS 
From Emerson School of Oratory 
Oratory and Physical Culture 

FRANCIS R. KENNEDY 
Laboratory Assistant in Biology 

ROGER B. SAYLOR 

Instructor in Physics 

ARTUS O. KAUFFMAN 
FLORENCE CLIPPINGER 
ELIZABETH AGNES LAU 
EARL SPESSARD 
Teachers in Academy 

REV. HENRY B. SPAYD 
College Pastor 



LEBANON VAI.I.EY COIvLEGE 7 

HISTORY OF THE COLLEGE 

Lebanon Valley College originated in the action of East Penn- 
sylvania Conference at its annual session held at Lebanon in March, 1865. 
Resolutions were passed deciding the question of establishing a higher 
institution of learning to be located within the bounds of the East Penn- 
sylvania or of the Pennsylvania Conference. One year later the com- 
mittee appointed, recommended in its report: First, the establishment 
of a school of high grade under the supervision of the ■ church; second, 
to accept for this purpose the grounds and buildings of what was then 
known as the Annville Academy, tendered as a gift to the Conference; 
and, third, to lease the buildings and grounds to a responsible party 
competent to take charge of the school for the coming year. School 
opened Ma}' 7, 1866, with forty-nine students. By the close of the col- 
legiate year one hundred and fifty-three were enrolled, thus demonstrat- 
ing at once the need of such an institution in this locality and the wis- 
dom of the founders. 

In April, 1867, the Legislature granted a charter with full university 
privileges under which a College faculty was organized with Rev. 
Thomas Rees Vickroy, Ph. D., as president, and Prof. E. Benjamin 
Bierman, A. M., as principal of the Normal Department. The same year 
the Philokosmian Literary Society was organized by the young men, 
additional land was purchased and a large brick building erected there- 
on with chapel, recitation rooms, president's office, and apartments for 
sixty boarding students. The building was not furnished and fully oc- 
cupied till the fall of 1868. 

The first regular commencement occurred June 16, 1870, when the 
first three graduates, William B. Bodenhorn, Albert C. Rigler, and Mary 
A. Weiss received their diplomas. 

About two years later opposition to the school manifested itself and 
President Vickroy stated in his report to the annual Conference that 
the attendance of students was reduced from one hundred to seventy- 
five, and the cause of this diminution was persistent opposition on the 
part of certain brethren. 

President Vi.-kroy directed the affairs of the institution for five 
years, from i866toi87i. During his administration the charter was 
prepared and granted. by the State Legislature, the laws and regulations 
for the internal workings framed and adopted, the curriculum establish- 
ed, and two classes — those of 1870 and 1871 — were graduated. In June, 
1871, Prof. Lucian H. Hammond was elected president. During his 
term of office five classes were graduated, the Clionian Literary Society 



8 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

organized by the ladies, and the College made steady and substantial 
progress, but failing health compelled him to resign in June, 1876. 

Rev. David D. DeLong, D. D., became the third president. He 
found it necessary to reconstruct the faculty and retained but two of 
the former teachers. The Kalozetean Literary Society was instituted 
to awaken interest in literary work among the young men by means of 
a healthy rivalry, and the music department was organized. In the 
summer of 1S83 a large two-story frame building was erected on College 
Avenue, containing art room, music rooms, the department of natural 
science, a museum and the College library. During his presidency 
one-hundred and seven students were graduated, fourteen in music and 
ninety-three in the literary department. », 

After an interregnum of several months Rev. Edmund S. Lorenz, 
A. M., was elected president and took up the work with energy and 
ability. Enlargement with his motto and the friends of the College 
rallied to his support. Post graduate studies were offered. The Col- 
lege Forum made its appearance under the editorship of the Faculty. 
With a devotion that won the admiration of his friends he labored in- 
cessantly for nearly two years to make the College the peer of any in 
the State, but under this strain his health failed and he was obliged to 
retire at the close of the collegiate year of 1889. 

The fifth president, Rev. Cyrus J- Kephart, D. D., a.ssumed the 
duties of his office at the opening of the fall term in 1889. He secured 
creditable additions to the endowment fund but because of discouraging 
conditions declined re-election at the close of the first year. 

The question of re-locating the College agitated its constituency, 
divided its friends and greatly hindred its progress. Some were al- 
most in despair, others were indifferent, while others hoped and waited 
for the best. Under these conditions the Board of Trustees met in 
special session July 28, 1890, and called Dr. E. Benjamin Bierman to the 
presidency. He was inaugurated on the evening of the sixth of Novem- 
ber following. Buildings were renovated, a large number of students 
enrolled and the Mary A. Dodge Fund of ten thousand dollars received, 
"the interest of which only is to be loaned without charge to such pious 
young people as the Faculty of the College may deem worthy of help 
as students." The Silver Anniversary of the College was celebrated 
June 15, 1892, when money was raised to purchase about three acres of 
ground to be added to the college campus. With the experience of 
twenty-five years of earnest effort to combat opposition and overcome 
error and misconceived notions of higher education and to build up an 
institution of learning creditable to the United Brethren Church, the 



I 



HISTORY OF THE COIvLEGE 9 

friends of the College entered upon the second quarter of a century 
with new hope and aspiration. 

President Bierman served successfully until the spring of 1891, when 
he was succeeded by Rev. Hervin U. Roop, Ph. D., who held the office 
till Jan. I, 1906, after which time the administration was in the hands 
of the Executive Committee and the Faculty until the election of Rev. 
A. P. Funkhouser, A. M., March 9, 1906. 

The presidency of Dr. Roop stands out as the period when the 
group system in the College curriculum was introduced, when the ath- 
letic field was acquired, when the disastrous fire of December 24, 1904, 
occured, sweeping away the Administration Building in a few hours, 
and when several new buildings arose on the campus — Engle Music 
Hall 1899, and the Carnegie Library and Ladies' Dormitory in 1904. The 
recuperative powers of the institution were put to the test by the 
destruction of the main building. At a meeting held January 5,1905, 
the friends of the College, resolved, amid unusual enthusiasm to rebuild 
at once and with the stimulus of a gift of fifty thousand dollars from 
Andrew Carnegie received by the President, who had previously secured 
$20,000 from the same source plans were matured by which to raise one 
hundred thousand dollars for this purpose. The erection of three new 
buildings was projected — the Men's Dormitory, the Central Heating 
Plant and the new Administration Building, the latter being completed 
under the supervision of President Funkhouser, whose term of office is 
marked also by a strenuous effort to straighten out the tangled threads 
in the financial skein and to meet the debt which rose to almost or al- 
together ninety thousand dollars. Bonds were issued to the amount of 
fifty thousand dollnrs and the co-operative college circles organized to 
relieve the financial conditions. 

Rev. Lawrence Kt-ister, S. T. B., D. D., was elected president of the 
College, June 10, 1907, at the annual session of the Board of Trustees. 
During his first year he solicited the money to secure the much needed 
equipment for the Science 'Department. The debt effort authorized by 
the Board, June 3, 190S, was carried forward successfully, $50,000 hav- 
ing been pledged, before Jan. i, 1909, according to the condition of the 
pledge which also required the continuation of the canvass to secure 
another $50,000 in ordes to cover the entire debt. At the death of the 
Rev. Daniel Eberly, D. D., July 9, 19 10 whose will bears date of Sep- 
tember 17, 1909 the College came into posession of property valued at 
about $45,000, the major part being given for the endowment of the 
Latin Chair. 



lo LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

GENERAL INFORMATION 

The College is situated in Annville, which is on the Harrisburg 
division of the Philadelphia and Reading Railway. Annville is also 
connected by trolley line with Lebanon and Harrisburg. 



Ruildiii^s and Grounds 

There are seven buildings on the campus, the Carnegie Library, the 
Engle Music Hall, the Women's Dormitory, the Men's Dormitory, the 
Academy Building, the Administration Building, and the Heating Plant. 

THE CARNEGIE LIBRARY, a building of the Gothic style of 
architecture, erected in 1904, furnishes commodious quarters for the 
growing library of the College. Each department has its particular 
books for reference in addition to the larger number of volumes for gen- 
eral reference and study. An annual amount is appropriated by the 
Board of Trustees for the purchase of new books, and plans are being 
made for the enlargement of the library in order to meet the growing 
needs of the College. 

Two large reading rooms on the first floor, splendidly lighted and 
ventilated, and beautifully furnished, are provided with the leading 
magazines and daily papers. Periodicals devoted to the special work 
of each department are here, as well as magazines of general literature. 
On the second floor are six seminar rooms designed to be equipped with 
the special works of reference for the various departments, where stu- 
dents doing the most serious work may study undisturbed. 

THE ENGLE MUSIC HALL, of Hummelstown brownstone, 
erected in 1899, contains the college chapel, used for all large college 
gatherings, a director's office and studio, practice rooms, and a large 
society hall. The building is well equipped with pianos and a large 
pipe organ. 

THE WOMEN'S DORMITORY was erected in 1905, and is a 
building of beautiful proportions. In addition to rooms wliich will ac- 
commodate forty-five students, there are a society hall, a dining hall, a 
well equipped kitchen, and a laundry. 

THE MEN'S DORMITORY is a modern structure of brick with 
Indiana limestone trimmings. It contains single and double rooms and 
sixteen suites of two bed rooms with a separate study room. These 
afford accommodations for eighty-five students. This building was also 
erected in 1905. 



GENERAL INFORMATION ii 

THE ACADEMY BUILDING, the original building of the insti- 
tution, and acquired by gift in 1866 when the College was founded, is 
now used as a dorniitory. 

THE HEATING PLANT, erected in 1905. is in harmony with the 
buildings above described. It contains a low pressure heating system 
of the most perfect construction and supplies the heat for all the build- 
ings on the campus. It is constructed with a view to the installation of 
a light plant. 

THE ADMINISTRATION BUILDING is the most important and 
central of the buildings. It is built of buff brick with terra cotta trim- 
mings, three stories high. It contains the recitation rooms of the Col- 
lege and the laboratories of the science department. The department 
of art has here commodious and modern quarters. The administration 
offices of fire proof construction are on the first floor. 

To accomodate all these buildings, the campus, originally of ten 
acres, has been recently enlarged by purchase. It occupies a high point 
in the centre of the town of Annville and is within easy access of all 
trolley and railroad lines. 

The athletic field of five and one-half acres is well located and ad- 
mirably adapted to the purpose for which it is intended. On it are 
erected a grand stand and bleachers. 



Laboratories 

The entire northern half of the Administration Building is occupied 
by the department of science. The Department of Chemistry occupies 
the first floor; Physics the second, and Biology the third. 

The laboratories of each department are constructed after the most 
approved modern methoils, and students find everything arranged for 
their convenience. Stock rooms and special laboratories adjoin the 
general laboratories. The lecture rooms are provided with risers and 
Columbia tablet arm chairs. (See floor plan page 34.) 



Religious Work 

Recognizing that most of its students come from Christian families, 
the College has always .tried to furnish religious training. It believes 
in cultivating the heart as well as the mind, and encourages all whole- 
some means of promoting Christian influence. 



12 LKBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

Each school morning, a regular service is held in the college chapel, 
at which the students are required to be present. At this service there 
is singing, reading of Scripture, and prayer. Members of the Faculty 
conduct this service. 

A student's prayer meeting is held once a week, and opportunities 
for Bible study and mission study are offered by the Christian Associa- 
tions in addition to those afforded by the regular ciirriculum. 

All resident students of the College are required to attend public 
worship in churches of their choice every Sunday. 

The religious life during the past year has been earnest and help- 
ful, and patrons may feel satisfied that high moral influences are being 
exerted constantly over their children. 



College Organizations 

The College has flourishing Young Men's and 
Young Women's Christian Associations, which hold 
regular weekly devotional services and conduct 
special courses of Bible and mission study, often in charge of members 
of the Faculty. 

Under these auspices numerous public lectures, entertainments, 
and socials are held, so that they contribute incalculably to the pleasure 
of the student body. They are the centre of the spiritual welfare of the 
students and deserve the hearty support of all connected with the 
College. 

I iterar Excellent opportunities for literary improvement and 

parliamentary training are afforded by the societies of 
Societies ^ j ^ j 

the College. There are three of these societies — one sus- 
tained by the young ladies, the Clionian, and two by the young men, 
the Kalozetean and the Philokosmian. They meet every Friday even- 
ing in their well furnished halls for literary exercises consisting of 
orations, essays and debates. These societies are considered valuable 
agencies in college work, and students are advised to unite with one of 
them. 

|,. I . I The Biological Field Club offers to any student of the 

College an opportunity to collect, study, and discuss ob- 
jects of interest in the field of living nature. Frequent 

excursions are made to places of special interest to members of the club. 



Christian 
Associations 



Association 



GENERAL INFORMATION 13 

Athletic '^^^ Athletic Association is composed of all students 

and others connected with the College, who pay the 
required athletic fee. It elects, besides itsownofl&cers, 
the managers of the various athletic teams. 

The direct supervision of athletics is in the hands of the committee 
of the association, called the executive board of athletics. This board 
is made up of seven members as follows: Two members of the Faculty 
of the College; the president of the association, who is ex-officio presi- 
dent of the board; the baseball, football, and basket-ball managers, and 
the treasurer of the association. 

The Mathematical '^^^ Mathematical Round Table is an organi- 

zation .of the students of the College who are 
interested in Mathematical vStudies. It has 
been in successful operation for over a year. Its object is to create in- 
terest in and love for the "exact science." Its meetings are held on the 
last Wednesday evening of each month. Papers on mathematical his- 
tory and biography are read and discussed. Current events in the 
mathematical world and. papers on various mathematical subjects have 
made the meetings very interesting and helpful. 

Modern I an- ^^ order to stimulate interest in the study of the 

modern languages, at the request of the iunior and 

guage Club . ^ % % ^v, ^1 11. 

^ " senior students of the modern lanjjuage group, a club 

has been formed under the direction of the adviser of the group. The 
club meets every third Saturda)' afternoon or evening as occasion sug- 
gests. Student programs alternate with lectures by the teachers in the 
department. 

Literary and Musical Advantages 

During the college year, the student bod}- has the privilege of hear- 
ing lectures and talks delivered by resident professors and men of note 
in church and literary circles. 

The department of music together with the department of public 
speaking presents a number of programs during the year for the pleas- 
ure and benefit of the general student body. Concerts and recitals by 
prominent musicians are given under the patronage of the department 
of music with the aim of creating in the student an appreciation for the 
best in art. 

There is a lively interest in the drama. Various college organiza- 
tions have presented Shakespearean and other plays of a high grade. 



14 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

A further means of enjoyment and education is the course of lec- 
tures and concerts under the management of the Christian associations 
of the College. 



Administration 

, . The following are the advisers for the students in each 

Advisers 

of the five groups in which courses of instruction are of- 
fered: For the classical group, Professor Shroyer; for the mathemati- 
cal-physical, Professor Lehman; for the chemical-biological; Professor 
Derickson; for the historical-political, Professor Shenk; for the modern 
language. Professor Dodge; for the freshman class. Professor Shenk and 
for the Academy, Professor Spessard. The students of each group are 
amenable to the adviser in all matters of conduct, study and discipline. 
He is to grant leave of absence, permission to go out of town, and ex- 
cuses. His approval is necessary before a student may register for or 
enter upon any course of study, or discontinue any work. He is the 
medium of communication between the Faculty and the students of his 
group, and in a general way stands to his students in the relation of a 
friendly counsellor. 

. . It is earnestly desired that students may be influenced 

^ to good conduct and diligence by higher motives than 

fear of punishment. The sense of duty and honor, the courteous and 
general feelings natural to young men and women engaged in literary 
pursuits, are appealed to as the best regulators of conduct. It is the 
policy of the administration to allow in all things as inuch liberty as will 
not be abused, and the students are invited and expected to cooperate 
with the Faculty; but good order and discipline will be strictly main- 
tained and misconduct punished by adequate penalties. The laws of 
the College are as few and simple as the proper regulation of a commu- 
nity of young men and women will permit. The College will not place 
its stamp or bestow its honors upon anyone who is not willing to deport 
himself becomingly. No hazing of any kind will be permitted. Every 
unexcnsed absence from any college duty, every failure or misdemeanor 
of a student is reported to the Faculty, and a record made of the same. 

The maximum number of hours, conditioned, per- 
Classification x^ n r * j- ■ t c ■ ■ 4^ j- 

nutted tor senior standing is four; tor junior standing, 

six, for sophomore, eight, and for freshmen, to be decided for individual 

students by the committee on cla.ssification. 



GENERAL INFORMATION 15 

The permitted number of extra hours of work above that prescribed 
by the curriculum is limited by the student's record for previous years 
as follows: 

(a) Majority of A's, notliing less than B — no limit. 

(b) Majority of B's, nothing less than C — four hours. 

(c) Lower record than (V))— no extra hours. 

The scholarship of students is determined by result 
Class Standing . ... j j •, -. ,.• u- a n-i 

" or examinations and daily recitations combined. The 

grades are carefully recorded. 

Reports of standing will be made to parent or guardian at the end 
of each term when desired by tliem, or when the Faculty deems it ex- 
pedient. The standing is indicated generally by classification in six 
groups, as follows: 

A signifies that the record of the student is distinguished. 

B signifies that the record of the student is very good. 

C signifies thst the record is good. 

D signifies the lowest sustained record. 

E (conditioned) imposes a condition on the student. Conditions 
incurred in January must be made up by June; conditions incurred in 
June must be made up by September. F'ailing to make up a condition 
at the time appointed is equal to a record F. 

F (failed completely) signifies that the student must drop or repeat 
the subjects, and cannot be admitted to subjects dependent thereon. 

If the student's record as a whole is poor, he may be required to 
repeat certain subjects, to repeat the year, or to withdraw. 

Ij The degree of bachelor of arts is conferred, by a vote 

of the Board of Trustees on recommendation of the 
^ Faculty, upon students who have satisfactorily com- 

pleted any of the groups. 

rirndunte Since all its members are fully occupied with under- 

graduate work, the F^'aculty deems it unwise to offer any 
Work ^ ' ■' -' 

work for the degree of Master of Arts during the coming 

year. In rare cases sufficient resideftt work upon certain advanced 
courses may be outlined. But as special action would be required in 
each case, no detailed announcement can be made here. All inquiries 
about graduate work should be addressed to the Dean. 

Scholarships 

The College offers a limited number of one-hundred-dollar free 
tuition scholarships to honor graduates of State normal Schools and ap- 



i6 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

proved high schools and academies. One scholarship is allotted to the 
first honor graduate of our own academy. 

Graduates of high schools and academies whose standard is not 
equal to that of our own academy, may enter the senior year of the 
academy and become competitors for our own academy scholarship. 

Honor graduates of preparatory schools who have conditions may 
be allowed to make them up in the freshmen year. If the first sem- 
ester's work shows a majority of A's and nothing less than B in all 
work including conditions, a scholarship may be awarded. 

The Bishop J. S. Mills' scholarship established by a gift of $1000 
is available. 

The proceeds of the Eberly farm may be available for "indigent 
students" in 1911-12. 

The Faculty and Executive Committee shall make all scholarship 
awards. 

Expenses 

COLLEGE AND ACADEMY 

Matriculation Fee $ 5 00 

Tuition, If paid in advance 50 00 

If not paid in advance 60 00 

For twenty hours or less in the College, or, for twenty-four 
hours or less in the Academy. Each additional hour per sem- 
ester, I1.50. 
Laboratory Fees, per semester: 

Biology i-a , $2 00 

Biology i-b 6 00 

Biology 2 6 00 

Biology 3 5 00 

Biology 4 5 00 

A deposit of $2.00 is required of each student who is assigned a 
locker in the biological laboratory as a guarantee of the care and return 
of the keys and apparatus. The treasurer will refund the deposit when 
a certificate from the department is presented stating that the keys have 
been returned in good condition. 

Elementary Chemistry $4 00 

Chemistry i 6 00 

Chemistry 2 7 00 

Chemistry 3 6 00 

Chemistry 4 5 00 

Chemistry 5 10 00 



GENERAL INFORMATION 17 

A deposit of fo.oo is required of each student who is assigned a 
locker in the chemical laboratory. Any part of this breakage deposit 
unused will be refunded at the end of the course. 

Physics 3 $5 00 

Elementary Physics 3 00 

All laboratory fees and deposits for each semester must be paid in 
advance. A student will not be assigned a locker or apparatus in any 
of the laboratories without a certificate from the treasurer of the Col- 
lege stating that the fee has been paid and the deposit made. 
Graduation Fee, payable thirty days prior to commencement, $10.00. 

TABLE BOARD AND ROOM RENT 
Table Board— Regular students, paid in advance $3.25 a week; |i20 

a year, not in advance $3.90 a week; $144 a year. 

Five-day students, when paid in advance $2.40 a week; 

188.00 a year, not in advance $2.88 a week; $105.60 a 

year. 
Room Rent — Paid in advance $40 to $60 a year, according to location 

of room. When not paid in advance $48 to $72. 
These rates are fixed by a special order of the Board of Trustees. 
The rate for payment in advance may be secured by paying one- 
fifth at the opening of the Fall term; one-fifth at the middle of the Fall 
term; three-tenths at the opening of the Winter term; three-tenths at 
the opening of the Spring term. The higher rate will be charged after 
ten days from the day a bill is due. 

Failure to pay one bill before a second falls due will exclude a stu- 
dent from classes. 

Requirements for Admission 

The College offers five groups of studies leading to the degree of 
Bachelor of Arts, as follows: The Classical, the Mathematical-Physical, 
the Chemical-Biological, the Historical-Political and the Mpdern Lan- 
guage. Students are admitted to the Freshman Class on examinations, 
on certificates of approved high and preparatory . schools, and on the 
certificates of the College Entrance Board. 

Full information concerning the cost, place, etc., of this Board's 
examinations may be had upon application to the Secretary of the Col- 
lege Entrance Examination Board, Post-oflBce Sub-station 84 New York. 

A candidate should have preparation according to the following 
general outline: 

For all groups, English, 4 years; Latin, 4 years, (prose composition 
each year;) German, 2 years; English History and Civics, i year; Greek 



i8 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

and Roman History, i year; Algebra, 2 years; Plane Geometry, i year; 
Solid Geometry, y^. year; Physics, i year. 

N. B. — For the Classical Group, Greek i year, (instead of Physics.) 

Entrance Subjects in Detail 

ENGLISH 
English A. 

The ability to write good English is the one necessary requirement. 
Candidates will be expected to answer general questions testing their 
knowledge of the following list of Classics. 

For the Years 1909, 1910, 1911; Group I, (Two to be selected.) 

Shakespeare's As you Like It, Henry V., Julius Ctesar, The Mer- 
chant of Venice, Twelfth night. 

Group II. (One to be selected.) 

Bacon's Essays, Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress Part i, The Sir Roger 
De Coverly Papers in the Spectator, Franklin's Autobiography. 

Group III. (One to be selected.) 

Chaucer's Prologue, Spenser' Faerie Oueen (selections). Pope's 
The Rape of the Lock, Goldsmith's The Deserted Village, Palgrave's 
Golden Treasury (First Series) Books II. and III., with especial atten- 
tion to Dryden, Collins, Gray, Cowper, and Burns. 

Group IV. (Two to be selected. 

Goldsmith's The Vicar of Wakefield, Scott's Ivanhoe, Scott's 
Quentin Durward; Hawthorne's The House of the Seven Gables 
Thackeray's Henry Esmond, Mrs. Gaskell's Cranford, Dickens's A Tale 
of Two Cities, George Eliot's Silas Marn'er, Blackmore's Lorna Doone. 

Group V. (Two to be selected.) 

Irving's Sketch Book, Lamb's Essays of Elia, De Quincey's Joan of 
Arc, aird the English Mail Coach, Carlyle's Heroes and Hero Worship, 
Emerson's Essays (selected), Ruskin's Sesame and Lilies. 

Group VI. (Two to be selected.) 

Coleridge's The Ancient Mariner, Scott's The Lady of the Lake, 
Byron's Mazeppa and the Prisoner of Chillon, Palgrave's Golden Treas- 
ury (First vSeries) Book IV., with especial attention to Wordsworth, 
Keats, and Shelley, Macaulay's Lays of Ancient Rome, Poe's Poems, 
Lowell's The Vision of Sir Launfal, Arnold'sSohrah and Rustum, Long- 
fellow's The Courtship of Miles Standish, Tennyson's Gareth and Ly- 
nette, Lancelot and Elaine, and The Passing of Arthur, Browning's 
Short Poems. 

English B. 

Study and Practice — This part of the examination presupposes the 
thorough study of each of the works named below. The examination 



GENERAL INFORMATION 19 

will be upon suVjject matter, form and structure. In addition, the can- 
didate may be required to answer questions involving the essentials of 
English grammar, and questions on the leading facts in those periods 
of English literary history to which the prescribed works belong. 

The books set for this part of the examination will be: 

For the years 1909, 1910, 1911: 

Shakespeare's Macbeth; Milton's Lycidas, Comus, L' Allegro, and 
II Pen.seroso; Burke's Speech on Conciliation with America, or Wash- 
ington's Farewell Address and Webster's First Bunker Hill Oration; 
Macaulay's Life of Johnson, or Carlyle's E.ssay on Burns. 

Latin. 

The preparation in Latin should comprise the first four books of 
Csesar, six orations of Cicero, and six books of Virgil's Aeneid. There 
should be four years of work in composition, and a study of prosody. 

German. 

Two years of work are required including easy prose composition 
and reading cf at least 600 pages of moderately easy prose and poetry. 
Daily practice in writing German and careful drill in pronunciation is 
expected. 

English History. 

Walker's Essentials of English History or its equivalent. 

Greek History. 

To the fall of Corinth, and the history in brief of the more ancient 
countries. 

Roman History. 

The history of the Roman Republic and the Empire to the time of 
Constantine. Meyer's Ancient History or its eqviivalent. 

Algebra. 

As treated in the elementary text-books of Wells, Wentworth, Tan- 
ner, or equivalent. The time supposed to be devoted to the systematic 
stud}' of this requirement is the equivalent of a course of three lessons 
a week through two school years. 

Plane and Solid Geometry. 

As treated by Wentworth, or an equivalent. 

Physics. 

As much as is contained in Carhart and Chute's High School Phy- 
sics, or an equivalent. The laboratory work required must consist of 
at least forty exercises or experiments of the character given in the 
National Physics Course, or others similar to those in grade and method. 

Elementary Greek. 

White's First Greek Book, or equivalent. 

Special Note — For more detailed information on entrance require- 
ments see outlines of Academv courses. 



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24 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

DEPARTMENTS OF INSTRUCTION 



Philosophy 

PROFESSOR PETERS. 

As there is uo such thing as final authority in Philosophy every 
student in this department will be urged to react upon both the text 
books to which he is referred and to the opinions submitted by the in- 
structor. It is the primary purpose of the department to stimulate 
vigorous, independent thinking upon questions pertaining to Philoso- 
phy. 

A. Practical Ethics — For Freshmen. One hour. First Semester. 

This course will consist of lectures and class discussions. The aim 
will be to sketch a philosophy of life of such a character as to enable 
the student to adopt the most fruitful attitude, primarily toward his 
problems as a student, but also toward the problems of his after life. 
The discussion will center about two topics: (i) The inherence of 
change, and the consequent necessity for continual readjustment, in a 
developing universe; and {2) the Spirit of Loyalty as a criterion of con- 
duct amid these shifting relationships. 

1. Psychology — Three hours. First Semester. 

Special emphasis will be placed upon (i) the application of psycho- 
logical laws to practical life, and (2) the philosophical bearing of cer- 
tain psychological principles. Thus, without departing from the mode 
of treatment appropriate to a natural science, this course will be made 
to serve as a general introduction to philosophy. 

2. Logic— Three hours. Second Semester. 

The intimate relation between Logic and Psychology will be em- 
phasized throughout this course. From this point of view the tradi- 
tional subject matter of elementary logic will be carefully discussed 
and the detection and classification of fallacies drilled upon. The bear- 
ing of Logic upon the problems of Philosophy will then be taken up. 

3. History of Ancient Philosophy. — Three hours. First Semester. 
In this course, and in its sequel, Philosophy 4, the aim will be (i) 

to trace the development of philosophy, pointing out what of perma- 
nent value each system, as it arose, contributed toward a final solution 
of the problem of the nature of being, and (2) to show the interaction 
between philosophic thought and the practical life of the period during 
which it flourished. 

4. History of Modern Philosophy. — Three Hours. Second Semes- 
ter. 



DEPARTMENT OF INSTRUCTION 25 

The work of this course will be critical as well as expository, and 
an effort will be made at reconstruction on the basis of the great sys- 
tems of philosophy worked out from Decartes to Spencer. 

5. Types of Modern Philosophy — Three Hours. First Semester. 

A critical discussion of Skepticism, Realism, Mysticism, Pragma- 
tism, Modern Science, the Philosophy of Evolution, Psycho-physical 
Parallelism, the New Realism, and Kantian, Fichtean, and Hegelian 
Idealism. This course is intended as an approach to Philosophy 6. 

6. Metaphysics. Three hours. Second Semester. 

This course will deal constructively with the fundamental problems 
of reality. 

7. Psychology of Religion — Two hours. First Semester. 

The religious nature of man will be studied psychologically as man- 
ifested in childhood, adolescence, and maturity, including the phenom- 
ena of conversion and Christian growth. 

8. The Philosophy of Religion.— Two hours. Second Semester. 

An investigation, from the standpoint and by the methods of philo- 
sophy, of the fundamental concepts of religion. No student will be ad- 
mitted to this course who is not, in the opinion of the instructor, ade- 
quately prepared for it. a highly creditable record in Philosophy i 
and in either Philosophy 3 and 4 or 5 and 6 will ordinarily be consid- 
ered adequate preparation. 

9. Ethics (Theoretical) — Two hours. First Semester. 
An investigation of the nature and the bases of morality. 

10. Ethics (applied) — Two hours. Second Semester. 

This course is a continuation of Philosophy 9. From the stand- 
point of the theory worked out in the preceding part of the course 
there will be taken up such subjects as, the ethical significance of con- 
tempory social and moral institutions and present day social tenden- 
cies, a critical investigation of recent forms of individualism, a discus- 
sion of the problems which grow out of progress, some studies in 
casuistry, etc. 

11. Seminar in Philosophy — Fortnightly 7:30-9:30 p. m. Through- 
out the year. 

This course is for graduate students and advanced under- graduates. 
The subjects investigated will vary from year to year, and will be de- 
termined largely by the interests of those who register for the course. 
Some member of the seminar will have charge at each meeting, and 
will read and defend a paper in which some topic, appropriate to the 
general subject of the year, is intensively treated. At least three papers 
and a thesis will be required of each member. These papers will or- 



26 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

dinarily contain from five to eight thousand words and the theses will 
be of a somewhat greater degree of elaboration. 

Persons who wish to take this course, but who can not be present at 
the meetings, may arrange to send in their papers. Of such members, 
however, somewhat more work will be required than of those who regu- 
larly attend the meetings. 

Note — Courses A, i, 2, and 11 will be offered every year. The 
other courses will alternate as follows: 3 with 5, 4 with 6, 7 with 9, and 
8 with 10. The latter of each group will be offered in 1911-12 and the 
former in 1912-13. 

Prof. Peters will begin his work September 1911. 

SPECIAL COURSES IN PHILOSOPHY 

B. Metaphysics — One hour and a half throughout the year. 

Our fundamental conceptions are considered beginning with the 
notion of being. By a process of criticism contradictions are eliminated 
and a clear and consistent view of the world is set forth. The conclu- 
sions are valid for reason and show the value of personality human and 
divine. 

The text book used is Bowne's Metaphysics. 

Given in 1910-11, by President Keister. 

C. The Gospel of John— One hour and a half throughout the year. 
This course is given by lecture in connection with the course in 

Metaphysics. It is a study of the doctrine of the Gospel of John in 
order to obtain a clearer view of the Person of Christ who is the center 
of a religious system that is consistent in itself, vital in its influence 
and final for faith and reason. 

Given in 1910-11 b}' President Keister. 

D. Theory of Thought and Knowledge — By Prof. Borden P. Bowne 
will be offered in 1911-12. 

E. Also the Philosophy of Christianity — by Dr. James E. Latimer. 
Each one hour and a half throughout the year. 

These courses are offered for post graduate work and in exceptional 
cases to students who have not received 'the A. B. degree. President 
Keister. 

£!diicatioii 

PROFESSOR PETERS. 
I. History of Education — Three hours. First Semester. 
A history of educational practices and theories. 



DEPARTMENT OF INSTRUCTION 27 

2. Educational Classics— Three hours. Second Semester. 

This course will include the reading, and general discussion in 
class, of such educational classics as the following: certain parts of 
Plato's Republic, Locke's Thoughts on Education, Rousseau's Emile, 
Pestalozzi's Leonard and Gertrude, Spencer's Essay on Education, etc. 

3. Froebel — Three Hours. First Semester. 

An intensive study of the doctrines and influence of Froebel. 
4 Pestalozzi, Herbart and their followers — Three hours. Second 
Semester. 

5. Principles of Education — Three hours, First Semester. 

A general discussion of the biological, sociological, and philosophi- 
cal meaning of education, and a study of its processes and agencies. 

6. School Management — Three hours. Second Semester. 

A consideration of the practical problems involved in class room 
management and in school supervision. 

7. Psychology of Education— Three hours. First Semester. 

A study of those aspects of psychology which have a bearing upon 
educational practice. 

8. Philosophy of Education — Three hours. Second Semester. 
An intensive study of the nature and ultimate ends of education. 

9. Methods of Teaching. Two hours. Second Semester. 

A discussion, in the light of the principles worked out in the other 
courses in the department, of methods of instruction in the several 
branches. The work of the course will include visits to schools in the 
neighborhood. Prerequisite, three hours in Education. 

10. Seminar in Education. Fortnightly 7:30-9:30. Throughout 
the year. 

This seminar will be conducted in a manner analagous to that des- 
cribed under Philosophy 11. 

Note — Course i will alternate with 3, 2 with 4, 5 with 7, and 6 with 
8, the former of each group being given in 1911-12 and the latter in 
1912.13. 

Greek Lan^ua^e and Literature 

PROFESSOR SHROYER 

1 b. Elementary Greek — Five hours. Throughout the year. 
' Xenophon: Four books of the Anabasis. Greek Prose. 

2 c. Advanced Greek — Three hours. Throughout the year. 
Homer: Three books of the Iliad, scansion, sight translation, epic 

poetry. Greek antiquities, Greek literature and Greek prose. 



28 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

1. Junior Greek — Three hours. Throughout the year. 
Herodotus: Selections from several of the books are read. Review 

of the Greek historians and the Persian Wars. 

Plato: Apology and Crito, The Athenian courts. 
New Testament. Readings in the Pauline epistles. 

2. Senior Greek^ — Three hours. Throughout the year. 
Xenophon; ^Memorabilia; or Demosthenes: De Corona. Socrates 

and the Socratic schools. The Attic oration. 

Sophocles: Oedipus Tyrannus; or Aeschylus: Prometheus Bound. 
Development of the Greek drama. Greek tragedy, comedy and theater. 

3. Junior Elective Greek — Three hours. Throughout the year. 
New Testament: Readings in the gospels of Mark and John and in 

the Pauline and Catholic epistles. The object of this course is exegeti- 
cal and practical. It will include a study of the synoptic gospels and a 
survey of the letters of Paul. 

Latin Language and Literature 

PROFESSOR DODGE 

1. Freshman Latin — Three hours. Throughout the year. 

(a) Cicero: De Senectute or De Amicitia. Special work in syntax 
based upon the text. 

(b) Livy: Book XXI and part of Book XXII. The author's style 
and peculiarities of syntax are studied. Roman History during the, 
period of the Punic Wars is reviewed; Roman political procedure and 
religious ceremonial are carefully considered. 

(c) Terence: Adelphoe or Phormio. Manners and customs of the 
Romans. Lectures and assigned readings. 

2. Latin Prose^One hour weekly. Throughout the year. 
Exercises in Latin Prose composition based on the authors read in 

Latin i. Open to all college students and recommended to such as are 
preparing to teach Latin after graduation. 

3. Sophomore Latin — Three hours. Throughout the year. 

(a) Horace: Ars Poetica, Selections from Odes, Satires and Epis- 
tles. The Horatian use of metres will be carefully studied as well as 
the place of Horace in Roman literature. 

(a) Tacitus: Germania, Agricola and Dialogus. The peculiarities 
of Tacitus' style will be analyzed and his importance as a historian con- 
sidered. 

Open to students who have satisfactorily completed Latin i. 

4. Latin Letter Writers— Three hours. Throughout the year. 



DEPARTMENT OF INSTRUCTION 29 

Copious selections from the letters of Cicero, Pliny and Erasmus 
will be read and specimens given of the letters of less known men. 
The peculiarities of the epistolary style will be made the subject of 
close study. Cicero's formal and familiar letters will be contrasted and 
the style of the other writers compared with his. The social and poli- 
tical environment in which each man wrote will also receive emphasis. 
Open to students who have satisfactorily completed Latin 3. 

5. Philosophic and Patristic Latin— (Not given in 1910-1911). 
Three hours. Throughout the year. 

Selections from Lucretius, Cicero, Seneca, the Church Fathers, and 
Latin hymns will be read. The object of this course is to contrast the 
ideals of Paganism and Christianity. Open to students who have satis- 
factoril)' completed Latin 3. 

6. Early Latin — Two hours. Throughout the year. 

The development of the classical from the earlier forms and con- 
structions will be studied and illustrated by the reading of inscriptions 
and of the fragments remaining from early Latin authors. 

Open to students who have satisfactorily completed Latin 3 and 
who obtain the consent of the instructor before the closing of college 
in June. • . 

French Lan^ua^e and Literature 

PROFESSOR DODGE 

1. Elementary Course — Three hours. Throughout the year. 

French Grammar (Frazer and Squair), 500 pages of French trans- 
lated. Aldrich and Foster's F'rench Reader; Mairet's La Tache du 
Petit Pierre; Bruno's Le Tour de la France; Helevy's Abbe Coustantin; 
Logouve and Labiche's La Cigale chez les Fourmis; Erckmann-Chat- 
rian's Waterloo or their equivalents will be read. 

2. Intermediate Course — Three hours. Throughout the year. 
Francois' Advanced French Prose Composition; Bouvet's French 

Composition; 1200 pages of French translated. Meriiliee's Colomba; 
Augier's Le Gendre de M. Poirier; Sand's La Mare au Diable and La 
Petite Fadette; Dumas', La Tulipe Noire; Daudet's Le Petit Chose; 
About's Le Roi des Montagnes; Bowen's French Lyrics; Hugo's Poems; 
or their equivalents will be read. This course aims to give the student 
ease in reading modern French and facility in writing simple French 
prose. 

3. French Literature of the Seventeenth to the Nineteenth Cen- 
turies — Three hours. Throughout the j'ear. 



30 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

Composition (translation of continuous English narrative and de- 
scriptive prose) will be continued throughout the year. Doumic's His- 
toire de la literature fraucaise will be used as a text-book and copious 
selections read from representative authors of the period. 

Open to students who have satisfactorily completed French i and 2. 

4. (Not given in 1911-1912) The Development of the Drama in 
France accompanied by a study of French metrical forms and exercises 
in metrical composition. Three hours throughout the year. 

Open to students who have satisfactorih' completed French 3. 

5. Old French — Three hours. Throughout the 3'ear.^ 

The development of the language from Latin will be studied and 
illustrated by the reading of selected texts. 

Open to students who have satirfactorily completed French 3. 

Students desiring to register for French 4 or 5, are requested to ar- 
range with the instructor before the close of the College year, that text- 
books maj' be in readiness for class use at the beginning of the autumn 
term. A deposit of $10 toward the purchase of books will be required 
of each student registering for either of these courses. 

German Lan^via^e and Literature 

PROFESSOR SLEICHTER 

1. Freshman German — Three hours. Throughout the year. 
Literature of the 19th century. Fouque's Undine; Heine's Die 

Harzreise; Freytag's Die Joiirnalisten; Scheffel's Ekkehard; Miiller's 
Deutsche Liebe; Deutsche Gedichte; Wenkebach's Composition. 

2. Sophomore German^Three hours. Throughout the year. 
Literature of the i8th century. Representative works of Lessing, 

Schiller and Goethe will be read, discussed and compared. 

3. Junior German — Three hours. Throughout the year. 

General view of German Literature. Rapid reading of representa- 
tive authors of each period; reading of selections from German History, 
Freytag's Aus dem Jahrhundert des grossen Krieges. Reports on as- 
signed work. 

4. Middle High German — Three hours. Throughout the year. 
Wright's Middle High German Primer; Ein Mittlehochdeutsches 

Le.sebuch; Nibelungen Lied; Gudrun; Wolfram Von Eschenbach, etc. 

5. Scientific German — Three hours. Throughout the year. 
Dippold's Scientific German Reader; Uber Bakterien — Cohn. 

Kuraer Abriss der Geschiclite der Chemie will be read. 



DEPARTMENT OF INSTRUCTION 31 

English Lan^ua^e and Literature 

PROFESSOR PARKS 

1. Theory and Practice of English Composition — Two hours. 
Throughout the year. 

This course includes a thorough study of technique and extensive 
writing of short and long themes. There are recitations, lectures, and 
private conferences. Text books: Woolley' Handbook of Composition 
and the Atlantic Monthly. 

2. Introduction to English Poetry — One hour. Throughout the 
year. This course may be offered in 1911-12 as a substitute for Oratory. 

Careful study is made of several of Shakespear's plays and of the 
best poetry of the Romantic Movement and the Victorian Age. Text- 
book Manly's English Poetry. 

3. History of English Literature — Three hours. Throughout the 
year. 

This course deals with the work of all the leading authors from the 
earliest times to the present. A full list of required readings may be 
had upon application. Text-books: Moody and Lovett's History of 
English Literature and Manly's English Poetry. 

4. History of American Literature — Two hours. Second Semester. 
This course deals with the development of American Literature and 

its relation to English Literature. A careful study is made of typical 
masterpieces of Emerson. Hawthorne, Poe, Walt Witman, and Samuel 
Clemens. Extensive reading is required in the work of nine poets. 
Text-books: Page's The Chief American Poets and Wendell's History 
of Literature in America. 

5. British Essayists — Three Hours. First Semester. Given 1911-12. 
A careful study of the lives and best works of the leading essayists 

from Bacon to Stevenson. The development of the essayed of English 
prose style is outlined and discussed. 

6. The Lesser Great English Poets — Three hours. Second Semes- 
ter. Given 1911-12. 

A careful study is made of the lives of the following poets, of their 
relation to the development of poetry and of all of their best poetry: 
Cowker, Burns, Wordsworth, Coleridge, Byron, Shelley, Keats, Tenny- 
son, Browning, Arnold, Rossitti, Morris and Swinburn. Text-book: 
Page's British Poets of the nineteenth century. 

7. Old and Middle English— Three hours. First Semester. Given 
1911-12. 

A thorough course in the earliest English. Extensive reading in 



32 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

Chaucer. Text-books: Smith's Old English Grammar, Bright's Anglo- 
Saxon Reader, Chaucer's Complete Works, Root's The Poetry of 
Chaucer. 

8. Prose Fiction — Two hours throughout the year. Given 1912-13. 
The history and technique of the novel and short story are outlined 

and discussed. Ten novels and about sixty short stories are carefully 
analyzed and studied. 

9. Shakespeare — Three hours. Second Semester. 

All of the plays are read and discussed. A special, critical studj- is 
made of Othello and King Lear. Rolfe editions will be used for study. 
Text-books: Sidney Lee's Life, and Dowden's Shakespeare Primer. 

10. Advanced Composition — Two hours. Throughout the year. 
Given whenever a class of six applies for it. 9 is a prerequisite for 

the short-story hour. 

One hour is devoted to essay-writing, argument, and debating; the 
other to short-story writing. Private conferences are required. 

Mathematics and Astronomy 

MATHEMATICS 

PROFESSOR LEHMAN 

1. Advanced Algebra — Four hours. First Semester. 

Covering ratio and proportion, variation, progressions, the binom- 
inal theorem, theorem of undetermined coefficients, logarithms, permu- 
tations and combinations, theory of equations, etc. 

2. Plane and Spherical Trigonometry — Four hours. Second Se- 
mester. 

Definitions of trigonometric functions, goniometry, right and ob- 
lique triangles, measuring angles to compute distances and heights, 
development of trigonomeric formulae, solution of right and oblique 
sperical triangles, applications to Astronomy. 

3. Analytic Geometry— Three hours. Throughout the year. 

The equations of the straight line, circle, ellipse, parabola, and hy- 
perbola are studied, numerous examples solved, and as much of the 
higher plane curves and of the geometry of space is covered as time 
will permit. 

4. Differential Calculus — Three hours. First Semester. 
Differentiation of algebraic and transcendental functions, maxima 

and minima, development into series, tangents, normals, evolutes, en- 
velopes, etc. 



DEPARTMENT OF INSTRUCTION 33 

5. Integral Calculus — ^Three hours. Second Semester. 
Integrations, rectification of curves, quadrature of surfaces, cuba- 

ture of solids, etc. 

6. Plane Surveying^Three hours. Second Semester. 

A study of the instruments, field work, computing areas, plotting, 
leveling, etc. 

7. Differential Equations — Three hours. First Semester. 
A course in the elements of differential equations. 
Prerequisite, Mathematics 3, 4 and 5. Murray, 

8. Analytic Mechanics — Three hours. Second Semester. 
Bowser. 

Prerequisite, Mathematics 7. 

ASTRONOMY 

PROFESSOR LEHMAN 

I. General Astronomy— Four hours. First Semester. 

The department is provided with a fine four-and-a-half-inch achro- 
matic telescope equatorially mounted, of which the students make free 
use. 

History and Political Science 

PROFESSOR SHENK 

1. Mediaeval and Modern History — Three hours. Throughout the 
year. 

A general course prescribed in all the groups. Papers, special re- 
ports, and theses, based on available original sources, will be required 
of all students. Robinson: History of Western Europe; Readings 
from European History. 

2. English Economic History — Three hours. First Semester. 
The economic life and development of the English people during 

mediaeval and modern times. Special attention will be given to the 
manor system, the guilds, growth of commerce, the industrial revolu- 
tion, the rise of trade unions, and the relation of government to indus- 
tr)'. Cheney: The Industrial and Social History of England; Gibbins: 
Industry in England. 

3. English Constitutional History — Three hours. Second Semester. 

The English Constitution and its historical development. A care- 
ful study of important documents will be made. Taswell-L,angmeade: 
Constitutional History of England. 



34 LEBANON VAIvLEY COLLEGE 

4. United States Constitutional History — Three hours. Through- 
out the year. 

A full course covering the colonial and constitutional periods. An 
extensive reading course of original and secondary sources is required. 
Channing: Students' History of the United States; Macdonald: Select 
Charters; Macdonald: Select Documents. 

5. Political Science— Three hours. First Semester. 

A study of the Theory of the State and of the structure and pro- 
vince of Government, Leacock: Elements of Political Science. 

6. International Law — Three hours. Second Semester. 

A course in the fundamental principles of International Law. Much 
time is given to the study of important cases. 

/ 

Economics and Sociology 

PROFESSOR SHENK 

1. Economics — Three hours. First Semester. 

A general course in economic theory, supplemented by considera- 
tion of practical current problems. Careful consideration will be given 
the different points of view of the leading economists. Johnson: Intro- 
duction to Economics. 

2. Current Labor Problems — Three hours. Second Semester. 

A course devoted to a study of the important labor problems of the 
present day: Strikes, labor organizations, employer's associations, arbi- 
tration, trade agreement, labor legislation, etc. Adams and Sumner: 
Labor Problems. 

3. Theory of Sociology — Two hours. Throughout the year. 

This course is intended to give the student a knowledge of the vari- 
ous theories of society together with the place of Sociology in the gen- 
eral field of learning. Part of the course will be devoted to a study of 
Emigration and Immigration, and the American Negro. 



English Bible 

PROFESSOR SHROYER 

1. Teacher Training Lessons, Hulburt; Doctrines of the Christian 
Church, Sell; Bible Primer, Gregory. 

2. Life of Christ, Mark; Scientific Confirmations of Old Testament, 
Wright; Comparative Religion, Jevon. 



DEPARTMENT OF INSTRUCTION 35 

The life of Paul. The Acts of the Apostles and the Pauirne epistles 
are studied with a view to Paul's life, character, and influence on the 
Christian world. 

The course may be taken in lieu of i, at the option of the teacher. 

3. Old Testament History. For the first semester the study will 
be based on the Pentateuch; for the second, on Historical Books. 

Biology 

PROFESSOR DERICKSON 

The courses of instruction cover four years. >j They are recognized 
as being as valuable in developing the powers of the mind as the other 
courses in the college curriculum, in that they develop the powers of 
observation and thought essential to the understanding of all phases of 
the phenomena of human existence. 

The courses have been outlined with a three-fold purpose in view. 

First, to meet the demand for a general training in biology, caused 
by the recently established conclusion among educators, that a knowl- 
edge of the principles of biology is not only a useful but an essential 
factor in any course of training in which social and moral questions are 
to be considered. 

Second, to meet the demand of the high schools for college trained 
teachers in biology. 

Third, to lay a broad foundation in the science for those who desire 
to pursue post graduate courses in universities and medical colleges. 

Students desiring to elect a single year's work in biology are ad- 
vised to elect I — b; if two years, i— a and 1- — b or r — b and 3 and 4, de- 
pending on the object in view. Those contemplating a career in medi- 
cine, or the profession of teaching biology or a post graduate course in 
biology, are urged to complete all the courses offered. 

Description of Courses 

i-a. Plant Biology — Four hours. Two lectures or recitations and 
two laboratory periods of two hours each, per week. Throughout the 
year. The object of the course is to give the student a broad general 
knowledge of the plant kingdom. The form, structure and functioning 
of one or more types of each of the divisions of algae, fungi, liverworts, 
mosses, ferns and flowering plants, are studied. 

Special attention is given to the ontogeny and phylogeny of the 
several groups suggestive of evolution. 

Experiments are performed in the physiological laboratory to de- 



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DEPARTMENT OF INSTRUCTION 37 

termine some of the relations of plants to water, gravitation, tempera- 
ture and light. Several types of seeds are studied as to their structure, 
germination and development. The principles of classification are 
learned bj- the analysis and identification of representatives of at least 
twenty-five orders of spermatophytes. 

The laboratory and class room work is supplemented by frequent 
field trips. 

Each student is supplied with a compound microscope, dissecting 
instruments, note and drawing materials and portfolio. 

Required of fresnmen in chemical-biological group. Elective for 
others. 

Text-books: Text-book of Botau)', Coulter, Barnes and Cowles; 
Principles of Botany, Bergen and Davis; Nature and Development of 
Plants, Curtis. 

i-b. Animal Biology — Four hours throughout the year. 

Three lectures and two laboratory periods of two hours each, per 
week. 

The principles of biology are learned by making a careful compara- 
tive study of representatives of several phylaof animals. The amoeba, 
euglena, paramoecium, vorticella, sponge, hydra, starfish, earthworm, 
crayfish, grasshopper, mussel, amphioxus and frog are studied. A care- 
ful study is made of the embryology of the frog. The process of de- 
velopment is closely watched from the segmenting of the egg until 
metamorphosis takes place. Each student is taught the principles of 
technic by preparing and sectioning embr5'os at various stages of devel- 
opment. From these and other microscopic preparations the develop- 
ment of the internal organs and origin of tissues is studied. This is fol- 
lowed by a histological study of the tissues of the adult frog. 

Each student is required to keep a record of all work done in the 
laboratory in carefully prepared notes and drawings. 

For sophomores in the chemical-biological group. Elective for 
others. 

Text-books: Parker's Zoology, Sedgwick and Wilson's General Bi- 
ology, Holms, The Frog. 

2. ^Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy — Four hours. Throughout 
the year. Six hours laboratory work and two conferences each week. 

The course consists of the dissection and thorough study of a suc- 
torial fish, a cartilaginous fish, a bony fish, an amphibian, a reptile, a 
bird and a mammal. Carefully lebeled drawings are required of each 
student as a record of each dissection. 



38 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

Text-books: Pratt's Vertebrate Zoology, Kinsley's Text-book of 
Vertebrate Zoology. 

3. Vertebrate Histology— Four hours. Beginning of the year to 
the end of the first week in March. Two conferences and six hours lab- 
oratory work per week. 

The normal histology of the human body is made the basis of the 
class work. Each student is required to acquire a practical knowledge 
of all phases of histological technic. 

All the tissues as well as the structure of all of the organs of the 
body are studied. Each student prepares about one hundred and fifty 
slides. 

Text-book: Ruber's Text-book of Histology, Bohm and Davidoff. 

Elective for juniors and seniors. 

4. Embryology of Vertebrates — Second week in March to the end 
of the year. Two lectures and six hours laboratory work per week. 
The laboratory work is based on the development of the chick and com- 
parisons made with that of the frog and mammal. A study is made of 
living embryos at various stages of development. These are later kill- 
ed, prepared and sectioned by the .student for the study of the develop- 
ment of the internal organs. Fully labeled drawings are required. 

Text-book: Elements of Embryology, Foster and Balfour. 
Elective for juniors and seniors. 

* Biology 2 and Biology 3 and 4 are given in alternate years. Biology 3 and 4 
will be given in 1911-1912. 

Geology 

PROFESSOR WANNER 

General Geology — Four hours. Second Semester. 

The course includes dynamical, structural and historical geology. 

Text-book: Scott's Introduction to Geology. 

Chemistry 

PROFESSOR WANNER 

I. General Inorganic Chemistry — Four hours. Throughout the 
year. Three hours lectures and recitations and four hours laboratory 
work. 

Non metals, metals, theoretical Chemistry, a study of the funda- 
mental principles and the technical application of the science. 



DEPARTMENT OF INSTRUCTION 39 

The object of the course is to give the student a good foundation 
for advanced work in Chemistry, 

Text-book: Renisen's College Chemistry is used in the class room 
and laboratory. 

While the course presepposes no previous knowledge of Chemistry 
it is advisable to have completed (Science e) or its equivalent. 

2. Qualitative Analysis — Four hours. First Semester. One hour 
lecture and a minimum of eight hours laboratory work. 

Pre-requisite Chemistry i. The object of the course is to familiar- 
ize the student with the best methods of separating and detecting the 
acids and bases. The reactions of the general qualitative reagents on 
solutions of the compounds of the elements are first studied. The stu- 
dent's ability is tested by frequent unknowns. 

Text-book: Dennis and Whittelsey's Qualitative Analysis. Part of 
Prescott and Johnson's Qualitative Analysis. 

3. Quantitative Analysis — Gravimetric and Volumetric — Four 
hours. Second Semester. One hour lecture and a minimum of eight 
hours laboratory work. 

Pre-requisite Chemistry 2. This course includes the determination 
of chlorine in sodium chloride, iron and sulphur in ferrous ammonium 
sulphate; the complete analysis of limestone, an iron ore, alloy, soluable 
and insoluable silicate, etc. 

Text-book: Talbot's Quantitative Analysis. 

4. Quantitative Analysis— Gravimetric and Volumetric — Four 
hours. First Semester. 

Pre-requisite Chemistry 3. A continuation of Chemistry 3. 
Text-book: Olsen's Quantitative Analysis. 

5. Organic Chemistry — Four hours. Throughout the year. Two 
hours lectures and recitations and a minimum of eight hours laboratory 
work. 

Pre-requisite Chemistry i. A study of the principal compounds of 
carbon. The laboratory work consists in making a number of organic 
preparations. 

Text-books: Remsen's Organic Chemistry and Cohen's Laboratory 
Manual. 

6. Industrial Chemistry — Two hours. Throughout the year. Two 
hours lecture and recitation. 

A study of the practical applications of Chemistry. The manufac- 
ture of artificial fuels, salt, explosives, pigments, paper, etc. 

The course is supplemented by frequent trips to industrial plants in 
the immediate vicinity, on which the student is required to hand in a 
report. 



40 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

Text-book: Thorpe's Outline's of Industrial Chemistry. 
Course 6 alternates with course 5. Offered 1910-1911. 

Physics 

PROFESSOR WANNER 

1. General Physics — Four hours. Throughout the year. Three 
hours lecture and recitations and four hours laboratory work. 

First Semester — Mechanics of solids, liquids and gases. Sound. 

Second St-mester — Heat, light, magnetism, and electricity. 

The aim of the course is to give the student a good knowledge of 
college physics. 

Text-books: Crew's General Physics is used in class room and 
Ames and Bliss's Manual of Experiments in Physics, also parts of 
Nichol's Laboratory Manual of Physics and Applied Electricity in the 
laboratory. 

2. Advanced Physics — Three hours. Throughout the year. 
Pre-requisites Physics i. Extended work in mechanics, applied 

electricity, etc The character of the work will be arranged to meet 
individual means. 

Department of Oratory and Public Speaking 

MAY BELLE ADAMS 

The Emerson System is taught with the purpose of assisting pupils 
to develop their individual powers not for what they may gain for them- 
selves but rather for what they may be able to give to others. 

TUITION 

All tuition is payable in advance. No reduction is allowed for ab- 
sence for the first or second week of the terms, nor for lessons missed 
during the term except in case of protracted illness. 

REGULAR COURSE. 

Fall Term $25.00 

Winter Term 25.00 

Spring Term 25 00 

SPECIAL WORK. 

13 private lessons $8.00 

Class work Free Gymnastics, per term 3.00 

Single lessons 75 



DEPARTMENT OF INSTRUCTION 



41 



SPECIAL COURSE. 
Three terms, three hours a week in Principles of Public Speaking 
are given for which a two hour credit in the College is allowed. 
Tuition $12.50 per term. 

OUTLINE COURSE OF STUDY 



First Semester 
Evolution of Expression 

Volumes I., II. 
Voice Culture 
Dramatic Interpretation 
English Literature 
Free Gymnastics 



First Semester 
Perfect Laws of Art 

Volumes I., II. 
Gesture 
Shakespeare 
Physical Culture 
Voice Culture 
Rhetoric 



First Year 

Second Semester 
Evolution of Expression 

Volumes III., IV. 
Voice Culture 
Dramatic Interpretation 
English Literature 
Free Gymnastics 

Second Year 

Second Semester 
Perfect Laws of Art 
Volumes III., IV. 
Psychology 
Gesture 
Shakespeare 
Bible and Hymn Study 




42 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

THE ACADEMY 

The Faculty 

HARRY EDGAR SPESSARD, A. M., Principal 
Latin 

JOHN EVANS LEHMAN, A. ]\L 
MalhematicH 

SARAH RUSH PARKS 
Enylish 

ALVIN E. SHROYER, H. D. 
Greek 

HENRY E. WANNIiR, 15. S. 
Physics and Chemistry 

MARY E. SLEICHTER, A. j\L 
German 

FLORENCE BOEHM 
Draiving 

JOSIAH V. REED 

ARTUS O. KAUFI<\AL\N 

FLORENCE CLH'PINGER 

ELIZABETH AGNES LAU 

EARLE SPESSARD 

WILLIAM ALBERT BRUNNER 

Assistants 

ROGER B. SAYLOR 

I nstnictor in Physics 



THE ACADEMY 43 

Lebanon Valley Academy 

The Academy was established in 1866. For fortj--five years it has 
cherished the ideals of full and accurate scholarship, and the develop- 
ment of character that fits one for the largest service to society. From 
its inception, college preparation, has been its main purpose. But its 
curriculum has been well adapted to the needs of those who have en- 
tered immediately on practical life or professional study. 

The Academy is an integral part of the College and profits bj' the 
proximity of students engaged in higher studies and by the ready ac- 
cess to the library, athletic field, literary societies, dormitory and lab- 
oratory privileges and by the opportunity to combine courses of study 
in the Academy with others in the College and Conservatory. 

Admission 

The applicant should be at least twelve years of age. It is desirable 
that he shall have completed the ordinary common school branches. 
Classes however are sometimes formed in language, arithmetic, history, 
and geography when deemed necessary. In general it is to the stu- 
dent's advantage to enter in September, or less preferably at the second 
half year. However the applicant usually finds enough work if he 
should enter at any time. (See college calendar, page 2.) 

Each student for admission shall bring with him a certified statement 
of work done in the school last attended. Credit will be given for work 
thus certified. Should an applicant fail to present this certificate, he 
shall take an informal examination in the common school branches. He 
will then be assigned work at the discretion of the Principal. No stu- 
dent will be admitted until his registration is completed. 

Examinations 

Examinations are held at the close of each half year. At this time 
reports are sent to parents or guardians. More frequent reports are 
sent when requested by parents. In the Academy records. A, signifies 
excellent; B, very good; C, fair; D, low but passing; E, conditioned; 
F, repeat in class. An "E" record maj' be removed by a test on any 
part of the course in which the record is poor. ' 

For this test a fee of one dollar in charged. An "F" may not be 
removed by a special examination. 



44 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

General Information 

For special tests, given on work not completed because of absences 
or otherwise, a fee of one dollar is charged. For special examinations 
a fee of two dollars is charged. Reports are sent to parents or guar- 
dians which state the student's record to date and his total number of 
absences. 



Courses Offered 

In the first semester classes are formed in: 
English Grammar, Classics, and Rhetoric. 
Algebra, Elementary. 
Geometry, Plane. 
Advanced Algebra. 
History of Greece. 1911 and 1912. 
English History. 1912 and 1913. 
Latin — First year, Caesar, Cicero, and Virgil. 
Greek — First year. 
Physics 

Elementary Chemistry. 
Geometrical Drawing. 

In the second semester new classes are formed in: 
Roman History. 1911-1912. 
Civics. 191 1. 
English Classics. 
Algebra, Intermediate. 
Geometry, Solid. 




THE ACADEMY 

Outline of Courses 



45 



CLASSICAL 

JUNIOR 

Latin a 5 

English a 3 

Mathematics ai 4 

Mathematics a2 4 

Civics 3 

LOWER MIDDLE 

Drawing 4 

Mathematics b 4 

Latin '. b 4 

English b 5 

History c 1 

History d / ^ 

UPPER MIDDLE 

Latin .c 4 

English c 3 

Mathematics c 4 

German a 4 

History .b 4 

SENIOR 

Latin d 4 

English Classics d 3 

Greek a or ( 

German ; f . '^ 

Mathematics d 4 

Scie nee d 4 



SCIENTIFIC 

JUNIOR 

Latin a 

English a 

Mathematics ai 

Mathematics a2 

Civics 

LOWER MIDDLE 

Drawing 

Mathematics b 

Latin b 

English b 

History c \ 

History d J 

UPPER MIDDLE 

Latin c 

English c 

Mathematics c 

German a 

History b 

SENIOR 

English Classics d 

German b 

Science d 

Mathematics d \ 

Science e / 



NOTE — Any substitution or change in these courses must be ap- 
proved by the faculty. 



46 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

DESCRIPTION OF COURSES 



English 

A. Junior English — Five hours. Throughout the year. 

A thorough drill in English Grammar is given. Oral and written 
themes based on the student's experience are required. Several classics 
are read. 

B. Lower Middle English — Five hours. Throughout the year. 
Silas Marner, Ivanhoe, The Ancient Mariner, The Vision of Sir 

Launfal and Irving's Sketch Book are read. Grammar — the verb, 
phrases, clauses and connectives. Short themes in Narration are re- 
quired weekly. 

English (a) and (b), one and one-half units. 

C. • Upper Middle English — Three hours. Throughout the year. 
The Merchant of Venice, House of Seven Gables, Gareth and Lyn- 

ette, Launcelot and Elaine, The Passing of Arthur, Macauley's Essay on 
Addison, and other classics are read. Themes emphasizing diction and 
description are required weekly. Text — Spalding's Principles of 
Rhetoric. 

D. Senior English — Three hours. Throughout the year. 
English Classics required by the College Entrance Board for care- 
ful study. Hill's Foundations of Rhetoric is used. 

English (a) and (d), one and one-half units. 

Latin 

A. Junior Latin — Five hours. Throughout the year. 
First year Latin, Pearson. Caesar begun. 

One unit. 

B. Lower Middle Latin — Four hours. Throughout the year. 
Caesar, Books I. -IV. Composition based on the text Gunnison and 

Harley. 

One unit. 

C. Upper Middle Latin — Five hours. Throughout the year. 
Cicero, six orations including Archais. D'Oge's Composition based 

upon the text. 
One unit. 

D. Senior Latin — Four hours. Throughout the year. 

Virgil's Aeneid, Books L-VL Prosody, sight translation and scan- 
sion. Arnold's Latin Composition. 



THE ACADEMY 47 

German 

A. Beginning German — Four hours. Throughout the year. 
Bacon's German Grammar and easy reading texts, 150 to 200 pages. 

Translations of simple English sentences into German. One uuit. 

B. Second Year German — Four hours. Throughout the year. 
Joynes-Meissner Grammar. Daily practice in writing in German. 

Reading of about 490 pages of moderately easy texts, both prose and 
poetry. One unit. 

Greek 

A. Greek — Four hours. Throughout the year. White's First 
Greek Book. 

In as much as only one j'ear of Greek is now offered in the Acad- 
emy, classical students ase expected to have at least German (a) and (b). 

Mathematics 

A, I Arithmetic— Four hours. Throughout the year. A special 
drill in fractions, percentage, and the metric system. Junior year. 
One-half unit. 

A. 2 Algebra — Four hours. Throughout the year. The equivalent 
of Slaught and Lennis' High School Algebra, elementary course. 

B. Algebra — Three hours. Throughout the year. Slaught and 
Lennis' High School Algebra, advanced course, is completed. Lower 
middle year. One-half unit. 

C. Plane Geometry— Four hours. Throughout the year. Durell's 
New Plane and Solid Geometry is the text-book used. Much time is 
given to original problems. Upper middle year, one unit. 

D. Solid Geometry — Four hours. First Semester. Text-book, 
Durell's. One-half unit. 

E. Plane Trigonometry — Four hours. Second Semester. Text- 
book, Wentworth. One-half unit. 



Science 

D. Elementary Physics— Four hours Throughout the year. 
Three hours lectures and recitations and two hours laboratory work. 



48 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

Mechanics of solids, liquids and gases, heat, magnetism and elec- 
tricity. 

No previous knowledge of Physics is required for admission to the 
course. 

Text-book: Carhart and Chute's High School Physics. Sixty ex- 
periments as outlined in the National Physics course are required in 
the laboratory. One unit. 

E. Elementary Chemistry — Four hours. First Semester Two 
hours lectures and recitation and four hours laboratory work. 

The aim of the course is to present Chemistry to the beginner in 
such a way as to enable him to grasp the fundamental principles and to 
help him to secure a working knowledge of the science in the labora- 
tory. 

Text-book: Fir.st Principles of Chemistry by Brownlee and others, 
also Laboratosy Exercises to accompany same. 

History and Civics 

A. Civics — Three hours. Second Semester. One-half unit. 

B. English — Three hours. Throughout the year. One unit. 

C. Grecian — Three hours. First Semester. 

Myer's Ancient History. Lower Middle year. One-half unit. 

D. Roman — Three hours. Second Semester. 
Myer's Ancient History. Lower Middle year. 

Geometrical Draw^iii^ 

Four hours. First Semester. 

Morris' Geometrical Drawing. Geometrical figures, reconstruction 
of figures to a given scale, construction of scales to any given unit, pro- 
jective representation of plane and solid figures, etc. 

The course counts one-half unit. 

Election of Studies 

While there are two definitely prescribed courses in the Academy, 
there is considerable room for election of courses that have special value 
to students intending to specialize. 

The Principal advi.ses students what subjects are fundamental to 
professional and engineering courses. 



THE ACADEMY 49 

Graduation 

The required credit for graduation, as outlined in the Classical and 
Scientific Courses, is sixteen units, provided that the student shall have 
completed at least the three units in Mathematics, the three units in 
English, three units of Latin, two units of German, one laboratory 
science, and one unit of history. In general the pursuance of a four or 
five-hour subject per week for a year constitutes a unit. If said student 
desires to enter Lebanon Valley College he shall arrange his work so as 
to meet the entrance requirements for the several courses. 

Sub-Preparatory Course 

Sometimes students of mature age come to us not fully prepared to 
enter the Academy. They have for various reasons attended school but 
a short time and find it embarassing to enter the public schools with 
scholars so much younger than themselves. For these we make pro- 
vision. However, at least sixteen hours of regular Academy work is 
required. 

Facts to be Considered 

A one hundred dollar scholarship is awarded each 5-ear to the Acad- 
emy graduate who has, according to the vote of the Faculty, made the 
best class record and deported himself in accordance with regulations. 

Academy students are admitted to all social privileges of the Col- 
lege. Excellent opportunities are offered for self improvement in the 
Literary societies and Christian associations. 

Units 

The four years of English count three units. Each year of any for- 
eign language is one unit. Arithmetic, Algebra, and Plane Geometry, 
three units. Other units are specified in respective courses.. 



50 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

CONSERVATORY OF MUSIC 



Faculty 

E. EDWIN SHELDON, Mus. M. 
Professor of Pianoforte, Organ, Counterpoint, Fugue 

IDA MANEVAL SHELDON, Mus. B. 
Pianoforte, Harmony, Musical History 

ETHEL IRENE BROWN 
Voice 

FREDERICK W. LIGHT 

Violin 

MARY E. SLEICHTER, A. M. 

German 

LOUISE PRESTON DODGE, Ph. D. 

French 

SARAH RUSH PARKS, A. M. 
English 

MAY BELLE ADAMS 

From Emerson School of Oratory 
Oratory 

FLORENCE S. BOEHM 
Painting, Drawing 

Location and Equipment 

The Engle Music Hall is a handsome three-story stone structure. 
It contains a fine auditorium with large pipe organ, director's room, 
and nine practice rooms, waiting and writing room for students' use, 
large society rooms, lavatories, etc. The whole building is lighted by 



DEPARTMENT OF MUSIC 5^ 

electricity, and heated by steam, and designed and furnished with a 
view to having it complete in every respect for the study of music in all 
its branches. A complete musical education from the very first steps 
to the highest artistic excellence may be secured. The director will 
use every effort to obtain positions for those students who have finished 
the courses, and who may wish to teach or perform in public. 

Object 

The department has for its object, the foundation and diffusion of 
a high and thorough musical education. The methods used are those 
followed by the leading European conservatories. The courses are 
broad, systematic, progressive, and as rapid as possible, and the conser- 
vatory offers the means for a complete education in musical art at a 
moderate cost. 

Description of . Courses 

I. PIANOFORTE 

The course in Pianoforte is divided into five divisions; Sub- 
Freshman, Freshman, Sophomore, Junior and Senior. 

The course marked out, must, however, necessarily be varied ac- 
cording to the ability and temperament of the pupil. Many works must 
be studied by all, but there is much that may be essential for one stu- 
dent and not at all necessary for another. Individual instruction only 
is given. 

A system of technics is used that is in line with the most approved 
methods. Special attention is paid to the development of a true legato 
touch and a clear, smooth technique. The use of the pedal so much 
neglected is emphasized. At the same time expression and interpreta- 
tion are not neglected. Technical and theoretical ability are worthless, 
except as it enables the performer to bring out the beauties and mean- 
ing of the composer. 

The Virgil Practice Clavier, which is now generally recognized by 
the leading teachers and artists of the day as an important aid in the de- 
velopment of technique, has been introduced. 

Memorizing music is required of all students. It is a great acqui- 
sition to be able to perform a number of selections from memory. 

Sight Reading — This, although to a certain extent a natural gift, 
can be greatly improved by systematic work. One who can read well 



52 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

has all music at his command, while a poor reader has but the few 
pieces which may have been learned. 

Practice — Special effort is made to teach pupils how to practice. 
Difficult places are pointed out and the students are taught how to learn 
them in the quickest and most thorough manner. Quality is of more 
value than quantity in practice. 

Essemble Playing — It is impossible to overestimate the value of 
thorough training in duet, trio and quartette playing. Students are 
given drill in these as well as in accompaniment playing. 

II.— VOCAL MUSIC. 

The basis of all music studies should be vocal music. Singing de- 
velopes the nmsical ear and leads to a discernment of tone color with- 
out which the fundamental principles of technique and touch on the 
pianoforte cannot be obtained. 

The method used is largely that of the Italian schools, but no one 
method is employed exclusively. The development of a pure tone and 
an easy and natural control of the voice in singing is the end which is 
sought. Correct breathing, intonation, attack, legato, accent, phrasing 
and pronounciation are features of technical drill. At the same time 
naturalness and an artistic style of singing are constantly urged upon 
the student. 

III.— THE ORGAN 

The churches of our country are making an increasing demand for 
well trained organists. The organ is no longer looked upon as an in- 
strument solely for accompaniments and church use, but has taken its 
place among solo instruments and gained a distinct recognition from 
the music-loving public. 

A large field, therefore, is open to the student of the Organ. The 
work as outlined aims to provide a thorough training in all that per- 
tains to a mastery of the organ for church or concert use. A two-man- 
ual Mollar pipe organ is used in the Conservatory. 

IV.— THE VIOLIN 

Among the stringed instruments, the Violin stands one of the oldest 
and has always been admired for its beautiful and thrilling strains. 

The musical possibilities within the compass of the violin are mar- 
velous and unexcelled by any other instrument. The best artists of the 
olden or modern times were skillful on the violin, and it appeals to those 
of the finest musical taste today. 

Nowhere in English literature do we find a nobler or more glowing 



DEPARTMENT OF MUSIC 53 

tribute to the violin than is the little poem penned by our own immor- 
tal "Autocrat," where he places the violin among the highest order of 
musical instruments. 

v.— THEORETICAL MUSIC 

Theoretical studies are essential to rapid and comprehensive sight 
reading and to excellence in the higher grades of music. Good pedal- 
ing depends on a knowledge of harmony, and memorizing is greatly 
facilitated by it. 

An intelligent insight into the foundation, upon which rests the 
art of music, gives interest to the pupils in their playing and singing 
and makes them musicians, as well as performers. 



Diplomas 

Will be given for the satisfactory completion of any of the solo 
courses together with the studies gi\en below. 

Harmony (Chadwick ) Three Terms 

Simple Counterpoint Two Terms 

Double Counterpoint One Term 

Canon One Term 

Fugue Two Terms 

Musical History Two Terms 

Theory of Music and Analysis <.Two Terms 

Ear Training Two Terms 

Psychology of Music Two Terms 

Sight Playing Two Terms 

Candidates for graduation in piano shall have taken at least three 
terms in voice and organ. For graduation in voice the student shall 
have at least three terms in piano. For organ the Sophomore year in 
piano is required. In the case of violin three terms piano. 

Three terms each in English Grammar, Rhetoric and Composition, 
Literature, French or German. Free tuition in any one of the literary 
studies. Fee for diploma $5. 00. 



Recitals 

Students' Thursday Evening Recitals — At least twice each term 
a recital is given in which students, who have been prepared under the 



54 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

supervision of the instructors, take part. These recitals furnish incen- 
tives to study and experience in public performance. 

Student's Recital Class — Students who are not sufficiently advanced 
to appear in the Thursday Evening Recitals are given experience in 
public performance in the Students' Recital Class. These classes are 
not open to the public. Rules governing Concert Deportment are 
brought to theattention of the students and each performer shown what 
is expected ofhim or her when before an audience. The result is a 
smoother and more satisfactory appearance in the Evening Recitals 
when assigned to such work. 

Artist Recitals — Not less important than the daily class room work 
is the opportunity afforded students of hearing the representative works 
of the great masters performed by artists of recojiuized ability of this 
and foreign countries. These recitals have met with much favor and 
enthusiasm among the students and citizens. 

Senior Recitals — Each candidate for graduation shall give a public 
recital during the last term. 



Certificates 

REQUIREME.XTS FOR CERTIFICATES 
Complete course in pianoforte or in any of the other subjects, viz: 
voice, violin, harmony, theorj-, or history. 
Fee for certi'ficate, $2.50. 



Decree 

REQUIREMENTS FOR DEGRFE (Mus. B.) 
Candidates must already have taken a diploma including theoretical 
course outlined on page 53. 

Must have freshman standing in any of the College courses. 
Fee for degree, |io.oo. 



Examinations 

All students taking any of the regular music courses, will be com- 
pelled to take the various examinations the second week of April. 



DEPARTMENT OF MUSIC ^ 55 

These examinations are for entrance in the various classes (sophomore, 
junior, and senior) the following September. All senior students must 
take their final examinations at the same time. 

These will be held in the College chapel, and are for performance, 
not theory. A list of the various studies, selections, etc., can be ob- 
tained at any time from the Director. 

Tuition 

PIANO OR VOICE. 

Fall term 30 lessons $22 50 

Fall term 15 lessons 11 25 

Winter term 24 lessons 18 00 

Winter term 12 lessons 9 00 

Spring term 24 lessons 1 8 00 

Spring term 12 lessons 9 00 

SENIOR YEAR. 

Fall term 30 lessons 30 00 

Fall term 15 lessons 15 00 

Winter term 24 lessons 24 00 

Winter term 12 lessons 12 00 

Spring term j 24 lessons 24 00 

Spring term 12 lessons 1 2 00 

PIPE ORGAN. 

Fall term 30 lessons 30 00 

Fall term 15 lessons 15 go 

Winter term 24 lessons 24 00 

Winter term .12 lessons 12 00 

Spring term 24 lessons 24 00 

Spring term 12 lessons 12 00 

HARMONY, MUSICAL HISTORY, EAR TRAINING, THEORY OR 
PSYCHOLOGY OF MUSIC, OR SIGHT PLAYING 

Fall term 2 lessons per week 10 00 

Winter or Spring term .... 2 lessons per week 8 00 

Private Lessons each 75 

COUNTERPOINT, CANON OR FUGUE 

Fall term 2 lessons per week 12 00 

Winter or Spring term ... .2 lessons per week 10 00 



56 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 



WINTER OK 
FALL TKRM SPRING TERM 

P"or use of instruments: Piano, one hour 

per day $3 oo $250 

Each additional hour i 50 i 25 

Pipe Organ, one hour per day 3 00 2 50 

Students taking a full music course are charged a matriculation fee 
of $3.00 for the j'ear, payable in advance. This fee entitles student to 
all privileges of the College. 

Students taking piano, organ, or voice only are charged a matricu- 
lation fee of $1.00 payable in advance. 

Pipe organ students must pay at the rate of 20 cents an hour for 
organ blower. 

Fee for graduation diploma, $6.00. 

RULES AND REGULATIONS— No reduction is made for absence 
from the first two lessons of the term, nor for a subsequent individual 
absence. In case of long continued illness the loss is shared equally by 
the College and the student. 

All tuition is payable in advance. 

Pupils may enter any time, but for convenience of grading, etc., 
the beginning of each term is the most desirable time. 

All sheet music must be paid for when taken. 

No pupil is allowed to omit lessons without a sufficient cause. 

Reports showing attendance, practice, and improvement in grade, 
will be issued at the close of each term. 

For all further information as to any particular course, or combina- 
tion of courses, rooms, boarding, etc., address 

DIRECTOR OF THE CONSERVATORY, 

Lebanon Valley College, 

Annville, Pa. 




DEPARTMENT OF ART 57 

DEPARTMENT OF ART 

Florence S. Boehm, Instructor 
Course of Study for Certificate 

First Year — Drawing, sketching in pencil of various familiar sub- 
jects, and drawing from geometric solids, good examples of proportion 
and perspective, and the principles of light and shade. 

Painting — Flowers, fruit and leaves, models, casts and familiar 
objects. Elementary original composition. 

Modeling — Fruit, vegetable forms and leaves from casts and na- 
ture; animals from the cast and prints. Elementary original composi- 
tion. 

Second Year^Charcoal drawing from casts of heads. Painting in 
water colors and pastels from groups of still life, interiors, decorative 
subjects, flowers, draperies, and out-of-door sketching. 

Third Year — Sketching from life. Painting in oils from still life 
and nature. Wash drawings in ink, water color, historic ornament. 
Studies in color harmony. 

Teacher's Class — Principles and methods of drawing, modeling, 
blackboard drawing, lettering, brush work, sketching from life and 
water color. 

Saturday work is offered for teachers and children who cannot take 
work during the week. 

Keramics — Classes in china painting are instructed by the latest 
methods in conventional and naturalistic treatment. The china is fired 
in the institution, giving students an opportunity of learning how to 
fire their own china. 

Miniature — Miniature painting on ivory. 

Students who do not desire the certificate course may take special 
work along any line preferred. 

Art Exhibit 

During commencement week an exhibit of some of the work done 
in the department is held in the studio, to which all visitors are wel- 
comed and entertained by members of the department. 

Expenses 

FALL WINTER SPRING 
TERM TERM TERM 

TUITION— One lesson a week |io 00 $ 8 00 $ 8 00 

Two lessons a week 16 00 12 00 12 00 

Children's beginning class 2 50 2 00 2 00 

Children's advance class 4 00 3 00 3 00 

Special lessons 75 cents each. Matriculation Fee f i 00 



58 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

REGISTER OF STUDENTS 



The College 

POST GRADUATE 

Ruddinger, David D., A. B Lebanon 

Burtner, Edwin O. , B. S Palmyra 

Hershej-, I. Moyer, A. B., B. D Lancaster 

Miller, Harry E., A. B , B. D Lebanon 

Rliojd, Hiram F., A. B Ilij^hspire 

Rupp, S. Edwin, A. M Lebanon 

SENIORS 

Brunner, W. Albert New Bloomfield 

Ehrhart, Oliver T Millersville 

Ellis, William Otterbein Aniiville 

Frost, Fred L Lebanon 

Holdeman, Phares ]\I Annville 

Kauffman. Artus Orestus Dallastown 

Kennedy, Francis R Kingston. Jamaica 

Koontz, Panl Rodes West Fairview 

Lehman, John K Ann%'ille 

Marshall, John Edward Annville 

Savior, Roger Behm Annville 

Shoop, William Carson Annville 

Spessard, Earle Augustus Annville 

Spessard, Lester Lewis ' Annville 

Ziegler, Samuel (ieorge Hanover 

JUNIORS 

Beckley, Arthur S Annville 

Butterwick. Oliver Lebanon 

Carmany, Earle H Annville 

(irimm, Samuel O Red Lion 

Harnish, Claire F Mechanicsburg 

Hensel, F''orrest Stanley Lykens 

Ilershey, Catharine Elizabeth Hershey 

Ischy, John W Lebanon 

Keister, Donald C Annville 

Kilmer, Edna Ruth Reading 



REGISTER OF STUDENTS 59 

Z,au, Ivizzie Agnes York 

Leibold, Titus J Reading 

Light, Carrie S Jonestown 

Plummer, Samuel Baechtel Hagerstown, ]\Id. 

Reed, Josiah E L,ebanon 

Rettew, Chester E Columbia 

Schell, Esther Naomi Myerstown 

Shively, James C Fayetteville 

Seltzer, Nellie L,ebanon 

Smith, Charles C Red L,ion 

Thomas, Norman B. S Hagerstown, ^Id. 

Weidler, Helen L,ura .• Royalton 

White, Charles G Annville 

Wingerd, Guy Chambersburg 

SOPHOMORES 

Boughter, Ezekiel Kephart Oberlin 

Christeson, Florence E Annville 

Clippinger, Florence E Shippensburg 

Heffelfinger, Victor M Annville 

Home, Clara Kee Enola, 

Klinger, Landis R Williamstown 

Lehman, Edith Marie Annville 

Light, Boaz G Avon 

Loser, Ea. 1 Gerbrich Progress 

Loser, Paul Annville 

]Mulhollen, Victor"D Wilmore 

Myers, Cora Virginia Ephrata 

Potter, Ivan K Long Island City, 

Ressler, Ivan K Shamokin [N. Y 

Richie, Gustavus Adolphus Shamokin 

Spessard, Lottie Mae Annville 

Uhrich, Clarence H Hershey 

Ulrich, Charles Y Manheim 

Weigel, Amos H Annville 

Williams, George Albert ■ Annville 

Yarkers, Edna E McAlisterville 

Zimmerman, Sarah Esther .Shamokin 



6o LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

FRESHMEN 

Arndt, Charles II Valley View 

Bachnian, Catharine B Annvi le 

Becker, William Harvey Annville 

Charleton, Harry Hay ward Lowell, IMass. 

Cury , John Kreider vSwatara Station 

Gruber, David Augustus Annville 

Harnish, Leray Bowers , Carlisle 

Hayes, Warren H Everson 

Hummel, John Paul Hummelstown 

Klein, Daisy May Hershey 

Kreider, Edward Landis Palmyra 

Kreider, Henry Horst Annville 

Landis, Edgar. M Myerstown 

Light, Arthur B Avon 

Lyter, John B iwnian Harrisburg 

Meyer, Elizabeth May Annville 

]\Iorrison, Elith Lenore Mt. Pleasant 

Mutch C. Edward Millersburg 

Reddick, Claude D Walkersville, Md. 

Reddick, D Leonard Walkersville, Md. 

Risser, Blanche Camphelltown 

Roberts, Palmer F Annville 

Rodes, Lester A Wormleysburg 

Schmidt, Carl Frederic Lebanon 

Shearer, Frank Harrisburg 

Sherk, John E Jonestown 

Snavely, Henry E Lebanon 

Strickler, Paul L Lebanon 

Stager, William S Lebanon 

Ulrich, Harry Edwin Harrisburg 

Urich, Mary Josephine Annville 

Walter, John Allen Lebanon 

Weidler, Russell Merwyn Royal ton 

Young, David Edward Manheim 

Zimmerman, David Ellis Annville 

SPECIAL 

Biever, Walter Devalt EHzabethtown 

Derickson, Mrs. S. H Annville 

Holtzman, Mark G Millersburg 



REGISTER OF STUDENTS 6r 

Light, Raymond Annville 

Light, Victor Annville 

Loos, Anna Berne 

Lindsay, Alexander K Harrisburg 

Miller, Virginia Lebanon 

]\Iarch, James G Annville 

Matz, Henry H Annville 

Clover, Harry M Palmyra 

Smith, Grace N Shoemakersville 

Smith, Edward H Annville 

Snyder, Verda A Keedysville, ]Md. 

Zullinger. George S Chambersburg 

Weidler, Goldie Lebanon 

Wert, Mark H Intercourse 

ACADEMY 

Bender, Harry Annville 

Bomberger, Joseph W, Annville 

Brightbill, Helen E Annville 

Byle. Amos C Annville 

Blouch, Gideon R Annville 

Condran, John Annville 

Denlinger, Harrj' A Intercourse 

Dunlap, William Minersville 

Bubble, Annie Myerstown 

Diinmire, H. S Lebanon 

Dunmire, Mri^. H. S Lebanon 

Deck, Paul Wagner Lebanon 

Eby, Ira Clyde Lebanon 

Engle, Larene R Harrisburg 

Engle, Ruth Elizabeth Palmyra 

Engle, Ruth V Harrisburg 

Ely, Naomi Ruth . . . Hagerstown, Md. 

Feldman, Ralph McKee Chambersburg 

George, Herman. Earl Middletown 

Gruber, E Viola Campbelltown 

Ciibble, Phares B Annville 

Cyroh, Samuel Lick dale 

Haak , Lillian E Myerstown 

Horst, Ada M Bismarck 

Holdcraft, Paul Ellsworth Frederick, Md. 



62 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

Hartz, Robert E Palmyra 

Kreider, Irwin V Palmyra 

Leister, Maurice Cocolamus 

Light, Robert R Lebanon 

Long, David Mason Annville 

Meyers, Vera F Longsdorf 

Meyer, Allen J Annville 

Miller, James L Slianksville 

McConnel, William Portage 

Mozer. Katherine Earnestine Highspire 

Murray, William L West Fairview 

Riegel, Ralph R Millersburg 

Risser, Harold Campbelltown 

Rine, Sedic Sherman Hoffer 

Roberts, Palmer F Annville 

Schell, Susie Mary Myerstown 

Schwalm, Clarence W Valley View 

Shannon, John S Johnstown 

Spayd, ^lary Annville 

Spitler, H. L Pinegrove 

Smith, Edward Annville 

Turby, Myrle Palmyra 

Zuch, Edith Lebanon 

Zuch, Harry Lebanon 

Zullinger, George Chambersburg 

THE CONSERVATORY OF MUSIC 

SENIORS 

Bachman, Ora B Annville 

Detweiler, Ruth Christina Palmyra 

Gingrich, Edith A Annville 

Meyer, Elizabeth May Annville 

JUNIORS 

Diehm, Meda M. Penryn 

Engle, Ruth E Palmyra 

Fry, Anna Alma Palmyra 

Gingrich, Katie May Palmyra 

Spayd, Mary A Annville 

Spessard, Bertha S Annville 

Strickler, Sara Kathryn Lebanon 



REGISTER OF STUDENTS 63 



SOPHOMORES 

Bebney, Myrl L,ebanon 

Liglit, Marion Le'banon 

Mozer, Katherine Highspire 

Schell, Susan . ., Myerstown 

Shanaman, Mabel A Richland 

Weidman, Evelye R East Earl 

FRESHMEN AND SPECIAL 

Albright, Ruth L,ebanon 

Anderson, Scott Chanibersburg 

Bachman, Harry Annville 

Bachman, Paul ; Annville 

Bangser, Bertha L,ebanon 

Bittner, Mrs. O. R Grantville 

Bodenhorn, EHwood Annville 

Bomberger, Mattie Annville 

Botts, George Frederick EHzabethville 

Bowman, Harry . Annville • 

Brightbill, Helen E Annville 

Cooke, Gertrude Smith's Falls, Can 

Deibler. John O Annville 

Dunmire, Homer Stuart Johnstown 

Ely, Naomi Ruth Hagerstown, Md. 

Emenheiser, Cora .Lehmaster 

Engle, Larene Harrisburg 

Fegan , lyloyd Victor Cleona 

Fink, Catherine Lebanon 

Foltz, Eva M Palmyra 

Frantz, Susan Lebanon 

Gantz, Lillian F : Annville 

Hayes, Warren H , Everson 

Horn , John Annville 

Horn, William Annville 

Kindry, Elsie Clark Myerstown 

Kerschner, Maude E Shoemakersville 

Kreider, Joseph Lehn Annville 

Kun.st, Ernestina Lebanon 

Leister, Maurice Cocolamus 

Long, Dora Annville 

Louser, Marie Lebanon 

Maulfair, Mary Elizabeth Hershey 



64 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

Moffatt, Albert Annville 

Nye, Florence Annville 

Raniler, William Grantville 

Rice, Delia Annville 

Risser, Blanche Campbelltown 

Roland, Florence Reading 

Roland, Harrold Annville 

Schenk, Elmer Fontana 

Smith, Grace Shoemakersville 

Spessard, Lottie Annville 

Turby, Myrle Palmyra 

Zullinger, George Chambersburg 

ORATORY 

SENIORS 

Hockenbury, Nona Downey Lebanon 

Ischy, John W Lebanon 

Stiyder, Verda A Keedysville, Md. 

Brightbill, Helen E Annville 

Clauser, Catharine Annville 

Curry, John Swatara Station 

Daugherty , Ethel Elizabethtown 

Dubble, Annie , Myerstown 

Engle, Ruth Ilarrisburg 

Eugle, Larene R Harrisburg 

Harnish, Leray B Carlisle 

Hayes, Warren Everson 

Henry, Mary Annville 

Kreider, Nancy Annville 

Kreider, Elizabeth Annville 

Landis, Edgar M Myerstown 

Light, Carrie Jonestown 

Light, Kathryn Annville 

Leister, J. Maurice Cocolamus 

McCurdy, Edith Lebanon 

McConel, William Portage 

Reddick, D. Leonard Walkersville, Md. 

Risser, Blanche Campbelltown 

Rodes, Lester F Wormleysburg 

Schell, Esther Myerstown 



REGISTER OF STUDENTS 65 

Shearer, Frank Harrisburg 

Smith, Grace Shoemakersville 

Spessard, Lester Annville 

Urich, Josephine Annville 

Weidler, Russel Royalton 

Weidler, Helen L, Royalton 

Weigel, Amos Annville 

Yarkers, Edna McAlisterville 

Young, David Edward Manheim 

ART 

Batdorf , Emma R Annville 

Beaver, Effie M Smith's Falls, Can 

Brunner, Cora R Annville 

Cooke, L. Gertrude Annville 

Christeson, Marj' L, Annville 

Davis, Ruth M lyebanon 

Fink, Esther M Annville 

Gallatin, Elizabeth Annville 

Kreider, Clement H Annville 

Kreider, Howard Annville 

Ivight, Jessie G Annville 

Light, Roy H Annville 

Maulfair, Mary E Hershey 

Murray, Mary Lebanon 

Nissley , Mary B... Middletown 

Smith. Grace N Shoemakersville 

Snyder, Verda A Keedy ville, Md. 

Spaugler, Roy W Annville 

St^in, Mary Annville 

Wood, Claire Annville 

Wolf, Anna Annville 

Zimmerman, May Lebanon 



66 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

SUMMARY 

Graduate Students , 6 

Seniors 15 

Juniors 24 

Sophomores 22 

Fresbm en 35 

Special 17 

Total in College 119 

Academy 50 

Conservatory -. 62 

Oratory 34 

Art 22 

287 
Names repeated 55 

Total 232 

Decrees Conferred June 8, 1910 

BACHELOR OF ARTS 

Bair, Grover Cleveland Plummer, Charles W. 

Bomberger, Harry K. Plummer, Wilbur Clayton 

Fleming, Mervin S. Renn, Earle E. 

Freed, Edith Nissley Rutherford, F. Allen 

Garrett, E. Myrtle Seltzer, Lucy S. 

Harnish, Wilber E. Shaffer, Flcyd E. 

Hoerner, Lena May Strock, J. Clyde 

Kohler, Fillmore Thurman Weidler, Victor Otterbein 

Musser, Mary B. Yoder, Jesse T. 

DOCTOR OF DIVINITY 

Rev. John Edward Kleffman, A, M Red Lion, Pa. 

Rev. R. R. Butterwick, A. M Mountville, Pa. 

Rev. George D. Gossard, A. M Baltimore, Md. 

Rav. S. C. Enck, A. M Columbia, Pa. 

Rev. W. F. Gruver Martinsburg, W. Va. 

DOCTOR OF Laws 

Hon. Samuel J. M. McCarrell, Judge of the Courts, Harrisburg, Pa. 



INDEX 



Academy 42-49 

Admission 43 

Courses Offered 44 

Description of Courses 46 

Examinations 43 

Outline of Courses 45 

Advisers 14 

Art Department 57 

Astronomy 33 

Bible 34 

Biology 35 

Floor Plan 36 

Board of Trustees 3 

Buildings and Grounds 10 

Calendar 2 

Chemistry 38 

Class Standing. 15 

College Organizations 12 

Corporation 3 

Courses, Outline of, (College) 20-23 

Degrees Conferred 66 

Degree and Diploma 15 

Discipline 14 

Economics 34 

Education 38 

English Language and Literature 31 

Expenses, College and Academy 16 

Department of Art 57 

Department of Music 55 

Faculty and Officers 5 

French Language and Literature 29 

General Information 10 

German Language and Literature 30 

Graduate Work 15 

Greek Language and Literature 27 



Geology : 38 

History 43 

History of the College. ■. • 7 

Laboratories 11 

Latin Language and Literature 28 

Library and Reading Rooms 10 

Mathematics. , 32 

Music Department ♦ 50 

Oratory and Public Speaking 40 

Philosophy 24 

Physics 40 

Political Science 33 

Religious Work. ^. 11 

Register of Students. 58 

Requirements for Admission 

Acadeniy 47 

College 17 

Scholarships 15 

Sociology. 34