(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Lebanon Valley College Catalog"

h e. vj< 

BULLETIN 

OF 

Lebanon Valley College 

Vol. 1 January, 1913 No. 2 



CATALOGUE NUMBER 






Published by Lebanon Valley College, at Annville, Pa., in 
November, January, April, and May 

Entered as second-class matter December 12, 1913, at the Post Office at Annville. Pa. 
under the Act of August 24, 1912. 



J 



BULLETIN 

OF 

Lebanon Valley College 

Vol. 1 January, 1913 No. 2 



CATALOGUE 
NUMBER 



Published by Lebanon Valley College, Annville, Pa., in 
November, January, April, and May 



BULLETIN 

CALENDAR 



1912-1913 

1912 

September 11, Wednesday, College year began. 
November 22, Anniversary of Clionian Literary Society. 
November 28-29, Thanksgiving Recess. 
December 20, Friday, Fall Term ends. 

1913 
January 2, Thursday, Winter Term began. 
January 20-24, Mid-year examinations. 
JanuaTy 23, Thursday, Day of Prayer for Colleges. 
January 27, Monday, Second Semester began. 
February 22, Saturday, Washington's Birthday. 
March 19-26, Easter Recess. 

April 4, Anniversary of Kalozetean Literary Society. 
May 2, Anniversary of Philokosmian Literary Society. 
May 27-30, Senior Final Examinations. 
Jane 2-6, Final Examinations. 

June 7, Saturday, 7:45 p. m., Academy Commencement. 
June 8, Sunday, 10:30 a. m., Baccalaureate Sermon by President G. D. 
Gossard, D. D. 

7:30 p. m., Address before the Christian Associations. 
June 9, Monday, 7:45 p. m., Exercises by Graduating Class in Music. 
June 10, Tuesday, 9:00 a. m., Meeting of the Board of Trustees. 

2:00 p. m., Class Day Exercises 

7:45 p. m., Junior Oratorical Contest. 
June ir, Wednesday, 10:00 a. m., Forty-seventh Annual Commence- 
ment. 

1913-1914 

1913 

September 8-9, Examination and Registration of Students. 

September 10, Wednesday, College year begins. 

November 21, Friday, Anniversary of Clionian Literary Society. 

November 27-28, Thanksgiving Recess. 

December 19, Friday, Fall Term ends. 

1914 
January, 5, Monday, Winter Term begins. 
January 19-23. Mid-year examinations. 
January 22, Thursday, Day of Prayer for Colleges. 
January 26, Monday, Second Semester begins. 
February 8, Sunday, Day of Prayer for Students. 
March 18-25, Easter Recess. 
June 10, Wednesday, 10:00 a. in., Forty-eighth Annual Commencement. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 



THE CORPORATION 



BOARD OF TRUSTEES 

President George D. Gossard, and Faculty, Ex-Offlcio 
Representatives from the Pennsylvania Conference 



TERM EXP 

Rev. W. H. Washinger, A. M., D.D., Chambersburg 

Rev. John E. Kleffman, D. D., Chambersburg 

REV. A. B. StaTTON, D. D., Hagerstown Md. 

S. H. Bowers, Esq., Lemoyne 

Rev. John W. Owen, A. M., B. D., York 

George G. Snyder, Esq., Hagerstown, Md. 

W. O. Appenzeller, Esq., Chambersburg 

REV. L. Walter Lutz, A. B., Dallastown 

Rev. D. M. Oyer, A. B., Boiling Springs 

Rev. J. F. Snyder, Red Lion 

Representatives from the East Pennsylvania Conference 



Isaac B. Haak, Esq., 
John Hunsicker, Esq., 
Rev. J. A. Lyter, D. D., 
Jonas G. Stehman, Esq., 
Rev. D. D. Lowery, D. D 
George F. Breinig, Esq., 
Hon. A. S. Kreidkr, 
S. F. Engle, Esq., 
Rev. D. E. Long, A. B., 
*Rev. U. S. G. Renn, 



Myerstown 

Lebanon 

Harrisburg 

Mountville 

Harrisburg 

All en town 

Annville 

Palmyra 

Annville 



Harrisburg 
Representatives from the Virginia Conference 

Rev. W. F. Gruver, D. D., Martinsburg, W. Va. 1913 

Rev. A. S. Hammack, D. D., Dayton, Va. 1913 

W. S. Secrist, Keyser, W. Va. 1913 

Rev. E. E. Neff, Berkeley Springs, W. Va., 1915 

Prof. J. N. Fries, A. M., Berkeley Springs, W. Va., 1915 

Elmer Hodges, Winchester, Va. 1915 

Trustees=at=Large— H. S. Immel, Esq., Mountville; Warren A. 
Thomas, Esq., Johnstown; A.J. Cochran, Esq., Dawson. 

Alumni Trustees — Prof. H. H. Baish, A. M,, '01, Altoona; Rev. I. 
E. Runk, B. D. '99, Harrisburg; Rev. F. BERRY Plummer, A.B. 
'05, Baltimore. 

* Deceased. 



RES 

915 
915 
913 
914 

915 
914 

913 
913 
914 

915 



913 
913 
913 
913 
913 
913 
915 
915 
915 
915 



BULLETIN 



OFFICERS AND COMMITTEES 



President Rev. A. B. Statton, D. D. 

Vice President Hon. Aaron S. Kreider 

Secretary ------ Rev. F. Berry Phimmer 

Treasurer Rev. W. H. Weaver 

Executive Committee 
G. D. Gossard S. F. Engle W. H. Washinger 

J. E. Kleffman W. F. Gruver A. S. Kreider 

W. H. Weaver 

Finance Committee 
G. D. Gossard H. A. Sherk S. F. Engle 

G. C. Snyder John W. Owen W. S. Secrist 

W. H. Weaver 

Faculty Committee 
G. D. Gossard J. A. Lyter A. B. Statton 

W. F. Gruver H. H. Baish 

Library and Apparatus Committee 
G. D. Gossard I. B. Haak W. O. Appenzellar 

Elmer Hodges S. H. Derickson 

Grounds and Building Committee 
G. D. Gossard H. A. Sherk W. A. Thomas 

G. C. Snyder E. E. Neff H. H. Baish 

W. H. Weaver 

Endowment Fund Committee 
G. D. Gossard D. D. Lowery A. S. Kreider 

J. E. Kleffman W. F. Gruver Elmer Hodges 

A. E. Shroyer 

Farm Committee 
G. D. Gossard A. S. Kreider W. H. Washinger 

W. S. Secrist W. H. Weaver 

Auditing Committee 
S. F. Engle L. W. Lutz E. E. Neff 

Matron — Mrs. Violette Freed 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

FACULTY 



REV. GEORGE D. GOSSARD, D. D. 

President 



JOHN EVANS LEHMAN, A. M. Sc. D., SECRETARY. 
Professor of Mathematics and Astronomy 



HIRAM HERR SHENK, A. M. 
Professor of History and Political Science 



SAMUEL HOFFMAN DERICKSON, M. S. 
Professor of Biological Sciences 



REV. ALVIN E. SHROYER, B. D. 

Professor of Greek and Instructor in Bible 



HENRY E. WANNER, B. S., Registrar 

Professor of Chemistry and Physics 



BULLETIN 

FACULTY 



CHARLES CLINTON PETERS, A. M. 
Professor of Philosophy and Education 



LUCY S. SELTZER, A. M. 
Professor of German 



FALBA L. JOHNSON, A. M., Dean of Women 
Professor of English 



ROBERT MacD. KIRKLAND, A. M. 

Josephine Bittinyer Eberly Professor of Latin 
Language and Literature, and Professor of French 



MAY BELLE ADAMS 

From Emerson College of Oratory 
Professor of Oratory and Public Speaking 



GEORGE H. PRITCHARD, A. B., 

Physical Director and Instructor in Physics 



CHARLES H. ARNDT 
Assistant in Biology 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 7 

HISTORY OF THE COLLEGE 

Lebanon Valley College originated in the action of the East Penn- 
sylvania Conference of the United Brethren Church at its annual ses- 
sion held at Lebanon in March, 1865. Resolutions were passed deciding 
the question of establishing a higher institution of learning to be lo- 
cated within the bounds of the East Pennsylvania or of the Pennsylvania 
Conference. One year later the committee appointed, recommended 
in its report: First, the establishment of a school of high grade under 
the supervision of the church; second, to accept for this purpose the 
grounds and buildings of what was then known as the Annville Acad- 
emy, tendered as a gift to the Conference; and, third, to lease the build- 
ings and grounds to a responsible party competent to take charge of the 
school for the coming year. School opened May 7, 1866, with forty- 
nine students. By the close of the collegiate year one hundred and 
fifty-one were enrolled, thus demonstrating at once the need of such an 
institution in this locality and the wisdom of the founders. 

In April, 1867, the Legislature granted a charter with full university 
privileges under which a College faculty was organized with Rev. 
Thomas Rees Vickroy, Pb. D., as president, and Prof. E. Benjamin 
Bierman, A. M., as principal of the Normal Department. The same year 
the Philokosmian Literary Society was organized by the young men, 
additional land was purchased and a large brick building erected there- 
on with chapel, recitation rooms, president's office, and apartments for 
sixty boarding students. The building was not furnished and fully oc- 
cupied till the fall of 1868. 

The first regular commencement occured June 16, 1870. About two 
years later opposition to the school manifested itself and President Vick- 
roy stated in his report to the annual Conference that the attendance of 
students was reduced from one hundred to seventy-five, the cause of 
this diminution being persistent opposition on the part of certain 
brethren. 

President Vickroy directed the affairs of the institution for five 
years, from 1866 to 1871. During his administration the charter was 
prepared and granted by the State Legislature, the laws and regulations 
for the internal workings framed and adopted, the curriculum establish- 
ed, and two classes — those of 1870 and 1871 — were graduated. In June, 
187 1, Prof. Lucian H. Hammond was elected president. During his 
term of office five classes were graduated, the Clioniau Literary Society 
organized by the ladies, and the College made steady and substantial 
progress, but failing health compelled him to resign in June, 1876. 



8 BULLETIN 

Rev. David D. DeLong, D. D., became the third president. He 
found it necessary to reconstruct the faculty and retain but two of the 
former teachers. The Kalozetean Literary Society was instituted to 
awaken interest in literary work among the young men by means of a 
healthy rivalry, and the music department was organized. In the sum- 
mer of 1883 a large two-story frame building was erected on College 
Avenue, containing art room, music rooms, the department of uatural 
science, a museum and the College library. During his presidency one 
hundred and seven students were graduated, fourteen in music and 
ninety-three in the literary department. 

After an interregnum of several months Rev. Edmund S. Lorenz, 
A. M., was elected president and took up the work with energy and 
ability. Enlargement was his motto and the friends of the College 
rallied to his support. Post graduate studies were offered. The Col- 
lege Forum made its appearance under the editorship of the Faculty. 
With a devotion that won the admiration of his friends he labored in- 
cessantly for nearly two years to make the College the peer of any in 
the State, bnt under this strain his health failed and he was obliged to 
retire at the close of the collegiate year of 1889. 

The fifth president, Rev. Cyrus J. Kephart, D. D., assumed the du- 
ties of his office at the opening of the fall term in 18S9 He secured 
creditable additions to the endowment fund but because of discouraging 
conditions declined re-election at the close of the first year. 

The question of re-locating the College agitated its constituenc}', 
divided its friends and greatly hindered its progress. Some were al- 
most in despair, others were indifferent, while others hoped and waited 
for the best. Under these conditions the Board of Trustees met in 
special session July 28, 1890, and called Dr. E. Benjamin Bierman to the 
presidency. He was inaugurated on the evening of the sixth of Novem- 
ber following. Buildings were renovated, a large number of students 
enrolled and the Mary A. Dodge Fund of ten thousand dollars received, 
"the interest of which only is to be loaned without charge to such pious 
young people as the Faculty of the College may deem worthy of help 
as students." The Silver Anniversary of the College was celebrated 
June 15, 1892, when money was raised to purchase about three acres of 
ground to be added to the college campus. With the experience of 
twenty-five years of earnest effort to combat oppo'sitipn and overcome 
errors and misconceived notions of higher education and to build up an 
institution of learning creditable to the United Brethren Church, the 
friends of the College entered upon the second quarter of a century 
with new hope and aspiration. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 9 

President Bierman served successfully until the spring of 1891, 
when he was succeeded by Rev. Hervin U. Roop, Ph. D., who held the 
office till January 1, 1906, after which time the administration was in the 
hands of the Executive Committee and the Faculty until the election 
of Rev. A. P. Funkhouser, A. M., March 9, 1906. 

The presidency of Dr. Roop stands out as the period when the group 
system in the College curriculum was introduced, when the athletic 
field was acquired, when the disastrous fire of December 24, 1904, oc- 
curred, sweeping away the Administration Building in a few hours, and 
when several new buildings arose on the campus — Engle Music Hall 
1899, and the Carnegie Library and Women's Dormitory in 1904. The re- 
cuperative powers of the institution were put to the test by the de- 
struction of the main building. At a meeting held January 5, 1905, the 
friends of the College, resolved, amid unusual enthusiasm to rebuild at 
once and with the stimulus of a gift of fifty thousand dollars from An- 
drew Carnegie received by the President, who had previously secured 
$20,000 from the same source plans were matured by which to raise one 
hundred thousand dollars for this purpose. The erection of three new 
buildings was projected — the Men's Dormitory, the Central Heating 
Plant and the new Administration Building, the latter being completed 
under the supervision of President Funkhouser, whose term of office is 
marked also by a strenuous effort to straighten out the tangled threads 
in the financial skein and to meet the debt which rose to almost or al- 
together ninety thousand dollars. Bonds were issued to the amount of 
fifty thousand dollars and the co-operative college circles organized to 
relieve the financial conditions. 

Rev. Lawrence Keister, S. T. B., D. D., was elected president of the 
College, June 10, 1907, at the annual session of the Board of Trustees. 
He solicited $7,700 for the equipment of the Science Department, se- 
cured the Mills Scholarship $1,000 and the Immel Scholarships $2,000. 
The debt effort authorized by the Board, June 3, 1908, was carried for- 
ward successfully, $50,000 having been pledged before January 1, 1909, 
according to the condition of the pledge which also required the con- 
tinuation of the canvass to secure another $50,000 in order to cover the 
entire debt. At the death of Rev. Daniel Eberly, D. D., July 9, 1910, 
whose will bears date of September 17, 1909, the College came into pos- 
session of property valued at about $45,000, the major part being given 
for the endowment of the Latin Chair. According to the Treasurer's 
books the amount of outstanding bonds April 1, 1912 was $43,000. 

In June, 1912, President Keister presented his resignation to the 
Board of Trustees and in September the Rev. Dr. George D. Gossard, of 



io BULLETIN 

Baltimore, Md., was elected president. He at once entered upon the 
duties of his office to which he brings conscientious devotion and intel- 
ligent enthusiasm. 

GENERAL INFORMATION 

The College is situated in Annville, a progressive and cultured town 
twenty-one miles east of Harrisburg in the beautiful, healthful and fer- 
tile Lebanon Valley. 

Buildings and Grounds 

There are seven buildings on the campus, the Carnegie Library, the 
Engle Music Hall, the Women's Dormitory, the Men's Dormitory, the 
Academy Building, the Administration Building, and the Heating Plant. 

THE CARNEGIE LIBRARY, a building of the Gothic style of 
architecture, erected in 1904, furnishes commodious quarters for the 
growing library of the College. Each department has its particular 
books for reference in addition to the large number of volumes for gen- 
eral reference and study. An annual amount is appropriated by the 
Board of Trustees for the purchase of new books, and plans are being 
made for the enlargement of the library in order to meet the growing 
needs of the College. 

Two large reading rooms on the first floor, splendidly lighted and 
ventilated, and beautifully furnished, are provided with the leading 
magazines and daily papers. Periodicals devoted to the special work 
of each department are here, as well as magazines of general literature. 
On the second floor are six seminar rooms designed to be equipped with 
the special works of reference for the various departments, where stu- 
dents doing the most serious work may'study undisturbed. 

THE ENGLE MUSIC HALL, of Hummelstown brownstone, 
erected in 1899, contains the college chapel, used for all large college 
gatherings, a director's office and studio, practice rooms, and a large 
society hall. The building is well equipped with pianos and a large 
pipe organ. 

THE WOMEN'S DORMITORY was erected in 1905, and is a build- 
ing of beautiful proportions. In addition to rooms which will accom- 
modate forty-five students, there are a society hall, a dining hall, a well 
equipped kitchen, and laundry. 

THE MEN'S DORMITORY is a modern structure of brick with 
Indiana Limestone trimmings. It contains single and double rooms and 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE n 

sixteen suites of two bed rooms with a separate study room. These 
afford accommodations for eighty-five students. This building was also 
erected in 1905. 

THE ACADEMY BUILDING, the original building of the insti- 
tution, and acquired by gift in 1866 when the College was founded, has 
been remodeled and is now used by the Academy. The Principal re- 
sides in the building with the Academy boys. 

THE HEATING PLANT, erected in 1905, is in harmony with the 
buildings above described. It contains a low pressure heating system 
of the most perfect construction and supplies the heat for all the build- 
ings on the campus. It is constructed with a view to the installation of 
a light plant. 

THE ADMINISTRATION BUILDING is the most important and 
central of the buildings. It is built of buff brick with terra cotta trim- 
mings, three stories high. It contains the recitation rooms of the Col- 
lege and the laboratories of the science department. The department 
of art has here commodious and modern quarters. The administration 
offices of fire proof construction are on the first floor. 

To accommodate all these buildings, the campus, originally of ten 
acres, has been recently enlarged by purchase. It occupies a high point 
in the centre of the town of Annville and is within easy access of all 
trolley and railroad lines. 

The athletic field of five and one-half acres is well located and ad- 
mirably adapted to the purpose for which it is intended. On it are 
erected a grand stand and bleachers. 

Laboratories 

The entire northern half of the Administration Building is occupied 
by the Department of Science. The Department of Chemistry occupies 
the first floor; Physics the second, and Biology the third. 

The laboratories of each department are constructed after the most 
approved modern methods, and students find everything arranged for 
their convenience. Stock rooms and special laboratories adjoin the 
general laboratories. The lecture rooms are provided with risers and 
Columbia tablet chairs. 

Religious Work 

Recognizing that most of its students come from Christian families, 
the College has always tried to furnish religious training. It believes 



12 BULLETIN 

in cultivating the heart as well as the mind, and encourages all whole 
some means of promoting Christian influence. 

Each school morning, a regular service is held in the college chapel, 
at which the students are required to be present. At this service there 
is singing, reading of Scripture, and prayer. Members of the Faculty 
conduct this service. 

A students' prayer meeting is held once a week, and opportunities 
for Bible study and mission study are offered by the Christian Associa- 
tions in addition to those afforded by the regular curriculum. 

All resident students of the College are required to attend public 
worship in churches of their choice every Sunday. 

The religious life during the past year has been earnest and help- 
ful, and patrons may feel satisfied that high moral influences are being 
exerted constantly over their children. 



College Organizations 

Christian ^ e College has flourishing Young Men's and 

Young Women's Christian Associations, which hold 
Associations 

regular weekly devotional services and conduct 

special courses of Bible and mission study, often in charge of members 

of the Faculty. 

Under these auspices numerous public lectures, entertainments, 

and socials are held, so that they contribute incalculably to the pleasure 

of the student body. They are the centre of the spiritual welfare of the 

students and deserve the hearty support of all connected with the 

College. 

I it*»r»r Excellent opportunities for literary improvement and 

parliamentary training are afforded by the societies of 
Societies "L 

the College. There are three of these societies — one sus- 
tained by the young ladies, the Clionian, and two by the young men, 
the Kalozetean and the Philokosmian. They meet every Fridaj' even- 
ing in their well furnished halls for literary exercises consisting of 
orations, essays and debates. These societies are considered valuable 
agencies in college work, and students are advised to unite with one of 
them. 

R . - . . The Biological Field Club offers to any student of the 

College an opportunity to collect, study, and discuss ob- 
jects of interest in the field of living nature. Frequent 

excursions are made to places of special interest to members of the club. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 13 

Athlptir ^ ne Athletic Association is composed of all the stu- 

dents of the College. The Athletic Association elects 
their own officers and the managers of the various ath- 
letic teams, also three members to the Athletic Executive Board. 

The direct supervision of all athletics is in the hands of the Ath- 
letic Executive Board. This board is composed of two members of the 
Faculty, appointed by the President, two members of the Alumni As- 
sociation, selected or elected by the Alumni Association, and three stu- 
dent members elected by the Athletic Association. The treasurer of 
the College is the treasurer of the Athletic Executive Board. 

The Mathematical The Mathematical Round Table is an organi- 

zation of the students of the College who are 
Round Table interested in Mathematical Studies, Its ob- 
ject is to create interest in and love for the "exact science." Its meet- 
ings are held on the last Wednesday evening of each month. Papers on 
mathematical history and biography are read and discussed. Cur- 
rent events in the mathematical world and papers on various mathe- 
matical subjects have made the meetings very interesting and helpful. 

Deutscher ^ e German Club has been organized by the stud- 

dents of the College who are especiallv interested in 
Verein 

the study of the German language. Its meetings are 

held the third Wednesday of every month. Papers familiarizing the 
students with Germany, its life, customs and literature are read. The 
meetings are conducted entirely in German. As a means of increasing 
conversational powers German games are introduced as an important 
part of the program. 

Literary and Musical Advantages 

During the college year, the student body has the privilege of hear- 
ing lectures and talks delivered by resident professors and other men of 
note in church and literary circles. 

The department of music together with the department of public 
speaking presents a number of programs during the year for the pleas- 
ure and benefit of the general student body. Concerts and recitals by 
prominent musicians are given under the patronage of the department 
of music with the aim of creating in the student an appreciation for the 
best in art. 

There is a lively interest in the drama. Various college organiza- 
tions have presented Shakespearean and other plays of a high grade. 



14 BULLETIN 

A further means of enjoyment and education is the course of lec- 
tures and concerts under the management of the Christian associations 
of the College. 

Administration 

Ad Uers ^ ne following are the advisers for the students in each 

of the five groups in which courses of instruction are of- 
fered: For the classical group, Professor Shroyer; for the mathemati- 
cal-physical, Professor Lehman; for the chemical-biological, Professor 
Derickson; for the historical-political, Professor Shenk; for the modern 
language, Professor Kirkland. The students of each group are amen- 
able to the adviser in all matters of conduct, study and discipline. He 
is to grant leave of absence, permission to go out of town, and excuses. 
His approval is necessary before a student may register for or enter 
upon any course of study, or discontinue any work. He is the medium 
of communication between the Faculty and the students of his group, 
and in a general way stands to his students in the relation of a friendly 
counsellor. 

. It is earnestly desired that students may be influenced to 

^ good conduct and diligence by higher motives than fear of 

punishment. The sense of duty and honor, the courteous and generous 
feelings natural to young men and women engaged in literary pursuits, 
are appealed to as the best regulators of conduct. It is the policy of the 
administration to allow in all things as much liberty as will not be abus- 
ed, and the students are invited and expected to cooperate with the 
Faculty; but good order and discipline will be strictly maintained and 
misconduct punished by adequate penalties. The law of the College are 
as few and simple as the proper regulations of a community of young 
men and women will permit. The College will not place its stamp or 
bestow its honors upon anyone who is not willing to deport himself be- 
comingly. No hazing of any kind will be permitted. The government 
of the Men's Dormitory is under the immediate control of the Senior- 
Juior Council, a committee of students, authorized by the College au- 
thorities. 

The maximum number of hours, conditioned, per- 
ass mitted for senior standing is four; for junior standing, 

six; for sophomore, seven and for freshmen eight. 

The permitted number of extra hours of work above that prescribed 
by the curriculum is limited by the student's record for previous years 
as follows: 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 15 

(a) Majority of A's— no limit. 

(b) Majority of B's — Four hours. 

(c) Majority of C's — two hours. 

(d) Lower record than (c)- — no extra hours. 

The scholarship of students is determined by result 

ss n ,n * of examinations and daily recitations combined. The 

grades are carefully recorded. 

Reports of standing will be made to parent or guardian at the end of 
each term when desired by them, or when the Faculty deems it ex- 
pedient. The standing is indicated generally by classification in six 
groups, as follows. 

A signifies that the record of the student is distinguished. 

B signifies that the record of the student is very good. 

C signifies that the record is good. 

D signifies the lowest sustained record. 

E (conditioned) imposes a condition on the student. Conditions 
incurred in January must be made up by June; conditions incurred in 
June must be made up by September. Failing to make up a condition 
at the time appointed is equal to a record of F. 

F (failed completely signifies that the student must drop or repeat 
the subject, and cannot be admitted to subjects dependent thereon. 

If the student's record as a whole is poor, he may be required to 
repeat certain subjects, to repeat the year, or to withdraw. 
Decree ^e degree OI " bachelor of arts is conferred, by a vote 

of the Board of Trustees on recommendation of the 
a P Faculty, upon students who have satisfactorily com- 

pleted any of the groups. 

f* d ate Since all its members are fully occupied with under- 

graduate work, the Faculty deems it unwise to offer any 
work for the degree of Master of Arts during the coming 
year. In rare cases sufficient resident work upon certain advanced 
courses may be outlined. But as special action would be required in 
each case, no detailed announcement can be made here. All inquiries 
about graduate work should be addressed to the President. 

Scholarships and Loans 

The College offers a limited number of one hundred and thirty-dol- 
lar free tuition scholarships to honor graduates of State Normal Schools 
and approved high schools and academies. One scholarship is allotted 
to the first honor graduate of our own academy. 



i6 ' BULLETIN 

The College also offers a one hundred and thirty dollar scholarship 
to a literary graduate of Shenandoah Collegiate Institute, Dayton, 
Virginia, and a similar scholarship to a literary graduate of the Sugar 
Grove Academy, Sugar Grove, Pa. The recipients of these two scholar- 
ships are to be determined by the respective faculties of these institu- 
tions. 

Graduates of high schools and academies whose standard is not 
equal to that of our own academy, may enter the senior year of the 
academy and become competitors for our own academy scholarship. 

Honor graduates of preparatory schools who have conditions may 
be allowed to make them up in the freshman year. If the first sem- 
ester's work shows a majority of A's and nothing less than B in all work 
including conditions, a scholarship may be awarded. 

The Bishop J. S. Mills Scholarship established by a gift of fiooo is 
available. 

The H. S. Immel Scholarship being a gift of $2000, is available "for 
young men in college who are preparing for the ministry in the Church 
of the United Brethren in Christ." 

The Eliza Bittinger Scholarships consisting of the income of a farm 
valued at $12,000 located near East Berlin, Adams County, Pa., are 
available. 

The interest of the "Daniel Eberly Fund" is available and is to be 
loaned to worthy students seeking an education in college. 

The interest of the Mary A. Dodge Fund is loaned to worthy stu- 
dents. 

The Charles B. Rettew Scholarship in Bonebrake Seminary is lim- 
ited to students from East Pennsylvania Conference and Lebanon Valley 
College. 

The Executive Committee shall make scholarship awards. 



Expenses 

Matriculation, Physical Culture and Athletics $10 00 

Tuition, College 65 00 

For twenty hours or less in the College, the tuition is $65. Each 
additional hour for semester or half year $190. 

Children of ministers are required to pay one-half the regular tu- 
ition in the College. 

When two members of one family attend college at the same time, 
ten per cent from the tuition charged is allowed. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 17 

The tuition of $65 in the College does not apply to the Academy, 
Art, Oratory or Musical departments. 

All regular music students are required to pay a matriculation fee 
of three dollars for Athletics and Physical Culture. 

All special students are required to pay a matriculation fee of one 
dollar and one dollar for Athletics and Physical Culture. 

All Art students and all Oratory students, not otherwise matricu- 
lated, shall pay one dollar matriculation fee annually, before privilege 
or privileges of the College are granted to them. 

All students taking regular work are required to pay a special col- 
lege publication and Christian work fee of $2. In consideration of the 
payment of the above fee the student receives the "College News" and 
privileges of the Christian Associations. 

Laboratory FEES, per semester. 

Biology 1 $ 2 00 

Biology 2 6 00 

Biology 3 6 00 

Biology 4 ...... 5 00 

Biology 5 5 00 

A deposit of $2.00 is required of each student who is assigned a 
locker in the biological laboratory as a guarantee of the care and return 
of the keys and apparatus. The treasurer will refund the deposit when 
a certificate from the department is presented stating that the keys and 
apparatus have been returned in good condition. 

Chemistry 1 $ 6 00 

Chemistry 2 7 00 

Chemistry 3 6 00 

Chemistry 4 5 00 

Chemistry 5 10 00 

A deposit of $3.00 is required of each student who is assigned a 
locker in the chemical laboratory. Any part of this breakage deposit 
unused will be refunded at the end of the course. 

Physics 3 $ 5 00 

All laboratory fees and deposits for each semester must be paid in 
advance. A student will not be assigned a locker or apparatus in any of 
the laboratories without a certificate from the Treasurer of the College 
stating that the fee has been paid and the deposit made. 
Graduation Fee, payable thirty days prior to commencement, $10.00. 



i8 BULLETIN 

BOARDING 

Regular students are charged $3.50 per week, or $133 per year, if 
paid in advance. 

Five-day students, (fifteen meals), are charged $2.50 per week, or 
$95 per year, if paid in advance. 

Day students may obtain meal tickets at the rate of twenty-five 
cents per meal, when paid in advance. 

The College prefers that all students who room in the Dormitories, 
should board at the College dining hall. 

ROOM RENT 

In the Men's Dormitory aud Women's Dormitory, when rooms are 
taken for one person only, the rates range from $40 to $80 per year. 
When rooms are taken for two persons the rates range from $20 to $60 
for each student per year. 

Light and heat, six to nine dollars per year. 

DEPOSIT FEE 

A deposit fee of $4 is required from each student who occupies a 
room in the Men's Dormitory. 

Every student is charged with the furnishings of the room, at the 
opening of the school year, and if the furniture and room, and halls are 
in good condition when the students vacate, a portion, or all of the de- 
posit fee is refunded. 

ESTIMATED EXPENSES 

Depending upon the course or courses of study, a student in Leb- 
anon Valley College, may take a year's work for $240. This is the min- 
imum and it does not include personal expenses. It includes the fol- 
lowing items: Boarding, $133; Tuition, $65; Room rent, $20; Matricu- 
lation and Physical Culture, $10; Light and heat, $6; College publica- 
tion and Christian work fee, $2; and in the Men's Dormitory a deposit 
fee of $4, part of which may be returned. 

For minimum of a year's expense in the Academy see page 60, 
where full particulars are given. 

A rebate of $5 will be allowed to any regular student in the College 
who will pay in full at the opening of the school year, the entire amount 
of the probable year's expense. 

Ten per cent will be added on all payments that are deferred more 
than ten days after the time when the installments are due. 

These rates are fixed by special act of the Board of Trustees. Fail- 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 19 

ure to pay a bill before another falls due will exclude a student from 
classes and the privileges of the College. 

The regular College expenses are divided into four installments, 
and students are required to pay each installment in advance. 

One-fifth of the expense is due at the opening of the collegiate 
year; and one-fifth, November 1; three-tenths, January 5; and three- 
tenths, March 27. 

Students who are candidates for degrees must make satisfactory 
settlement for all dues and bills before degrees are voted. 

No reduction will be made for tuition and room-rent, for a semes- 
ter, except for protracted sickness. In case of long continued illness, 
the loss is shared equally by the College and the student. 

No reduction will be made for table board, for an absence of less 
than one week, and then only in case of sickness, or important duties 
that compel the student to be absent from his College work. Reduc- 
tions cannot be allowed for banquet trips, or Club trips, or Athletic 
trips. 

Students are required to furnish their own towels, napkins, soap, and 
all bed furnishings, except mattresses. 

Any student who receives beneficiary aid from the College, may be 
called upon to render services to the College for all or part of the aid so 
received. 

Opportunity for self-help is extended to a limited number of stu- 
dents in the College and in the Academy, who may serve as waiters, 
janitors or librarians. In each case the term of service is thirty-eight 
weeks. Close application is required to the work assigned. Neglect of 
duty is sufficient cause for the removal of the student from the position. 



BULLETIN 



Outline of Requirements for Admission 



GROUP I 
Knglish 


English 3 units 


Three units required 


GROUP II 
Mathematics 


Elementary Algebra i unit 
Intermediate Algebra y 2 unit 
Plane Geometry i unit 
Solid Geometry y> unit 
Plane Trigonometry y 2 unit 


Two and one-half 
units required, one 
of which must be 
Plane Geometry. 


GROUP III 
Foreign 
Languages 


Latin 4 units 
German 3 units 
French 3 units 
Greek 3 units 


Five units required, 
three of which must 
be Latin. 


GROUP IV 
Physical 
Sciences 


Physical Geog. l / 2 or 1 unit 
Physics 1 unit 
Chemistry ^ on unit 


Physics r e q uir ed. 
Chemistry required 
only for students in- 
tending to take 
Chemical-Biological 
Group. 


GROUP V 
Biological 
Sciences 


Botany 1 unit 
Zoology 1 unit 
Physiology 1 unit 


Elective 


GROUP VI 
History, Etc. 


Greek and Roman 1 unit 
Mediaeval and Modern 1 unit 
English 1 unit 
Civics y 2 unit 
Economics y 2 unit 


One unit required. 


GROUP VII 


Drawing ^ or 1 unit 
Domestic Science y 2 unit 
Agriculture y 2 unit 
Book-keeping y 2 unit 
Commercial Law y 2 unit 
Commercial Geog. y 2 unit 
Psychology x / 2 unit 
Methods of Teaching y 2 unit 


One unit only may 
be elected. 



In case the requirements of a given Group are not fully met by the 
fifteen units selected, the studies necessary for such requirement must 
be taken in place of an elective in the regular college course. For ex- 
ample, if a student present three units of Latin and two of German for 
admission to a Group requiring four units of Latin he must include in 
his college course the equivalent of the fourth unit of Latin. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 21 

Candidates for admission should note carefully the following des- 
cription of courses. 

ENGLISH 
Three units required 

A thorough course in Advanced English Grammar, and a systematic 
course in English Composition and in the essentials of Rhetoric is re- 
quired of all students. In addition to this and following the recom- 
mendations of the Conference on Uniform Entrance Requirements in 
English books are prescribed for reading and practice and for study and 
practice as follows: 

a. Reading and Practice--(i9i3) Two units. 

Group I. (Two to be selected.) The Old Testament, comprising 
at least the chief narrative episodes in Genesis, Exodus, Joshua, Judges, 
Samuel, Kings and Daniel, together with the books of Ruth and Esther; 
the Odyssey, with the omission, if desired, of Books I, V, XV, XVII; 
the Iliad, with. the omission, if desired, of Books XI, XIII, XV, XVII, 
XXI; Vergil's Aeneid. The Odyssey, Iliad and Aeneid should be read 
in English translations of recognized literary excellence. For any unit 
of this group a unit from any other group may be substituted. 

Group II. (Two to be selected.) Shakespeare's Merchant of Venice, 
Midsummer Nights Dream, As You Like It, Twelfth Night, Henry the 
Fifth, Julius Caesar. 

Group III. (Two to be selected.) Defoe, Robinson Crusoe, Part 
I; Goldsmith's Vicar of Wakefield, either Scott's Ivanhoe or Quentin 
Durward, Hawthorne's House of the Seven Gables, either Dicken's 
David Copperfield or Tale of the Two Cities, Thackeray's Henry Es- 
moud, Mrs. Gaskill's Cranford, George Eliot's Silas Marner, Steven- 
son's Treasure Island. 

Group IV. (Two to be selected.) Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress, 
Part I; the Sir Roger de Coverley Papers in the Spectator, Franklin's 
Autobiography (condensed,) Irving's Sketch Book, Macaulay's Essays 
on Lord Clive and Warren Hastings, Thackeray's English Humourists; 
Selections from Lincoln, including at least the two Inaugurals, the 
Speeches of Independence Hall and at Gettysburg, Last Public Address 
and Letter to Horace Greeley, along with a brief memoir or estimate; 
Parkman's Oregon Trial, either Thoreau's Walden or Huxley's Autobi- 
ography and selections from Lay Sermons, including the address on 
Improving Natural Knowledge; A Liberal Education and A Piece of 
Chalk, Stevenson's Inland Voyage and Travels with a Donkey. 

Group V. (Two to be selected.) Palgrave's Golden Treasury (First 



22 BULLETIN 

Series,) Books II and III, with special attention to Dryden, Collins, 
Gray, Cowper, and Burns; Gray's Elegy in a Country Churchyard and 
Goldsmith's Deserted Village; Coleridge's Ancient Mariner and Lowell's 
Vision of Sir Launfal, Scott's Lady of the Lake, Byron's Child Harold, 
Canto IV and Prisoner of Chillon, Palgrave's Golden Treasury (First 
Series,) Book II with special attention to Wordsworth, Keats and 
Shelley; Poe's Raven, Longfellow's Courtship of Miles Standish and 
Whittier's Snow-Bound, Macaulay's Lays of Ancient Rome and Arnold's 
Sohrat and Pustum, Tennyson's Gareth and Ljnette, Lancelot and 
Elaine, and Passing of Arthur, Browning's Cavalier Tunes, Last Leader, 
How they Brought the Good news from Ghent to Aix, Home Thoughts 
from Abroad, Home Thoughts from the Sea, Incidents of the French 
Camp, Howe's Riel, Pheidippides, My Last Duchess, Up at a Villa — 
Down in the City. 

b. Study and Practice — Shakespeare's Macbeth, Milton's L'Alle- 
gro, II Penseroso and Comus, Burke's Speech on Conciliation with 
America, or Washington's Farewell Address and Webster's First Bunker 
Hill Oration, Macaulay's Life of Johnson or Carlyle's Essay on Burns. 

MATHEMATICS 

a. Elementary Algebra, Algebra to quadratics — One unit, 
i. The four fundamental operations. 

2. Factoring, determination of highest common factor and lowest 
common multiple by factoring. 

3. Linear equations, both numerical and literal, containing one, 
two and three unknowns. 

4. Problems depending on linear equations. 

5. Radicals and the extraction of the square root of polynomials. 

6. Fractional and negative exponents. 

b. Quadratics and Beyond — One-half unit. 

1. Quadratic equations, both numerical and literal. 

2. Problems depending on quadratic equations. 

3. The binomial theorem for positive integral exponents. 

4. The formulas for the nth term and the sum of the terms of 
arithmetical and geometrical progressions. 

5. Numerous problems chosen from mensuration, from physics 
and from commercial life. 

The equivalent of Hawke's and others. 
High School Algebra complete. 

c. Plane Geometry — One unit. 

1. The usual theorems and constructions. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 23 

2. The solution of numerous exercises, including problems of 
Loci. 

3. The equivalent of Durell's Plane Geometry. 

d. Solid Geometry — One-half unit. 

1. The usual theorems, the properties and measurement of prisms, 
pyramids, cylinders and cones, the sphere and sperical triangle. 

2. Applications to the mensuration of surfaces and solids. 

e. Trigonometry — One-half unit. 

1. Definitions and relations of the six trigonometric functions as 
ratios, circular measurements of angles. 

2. Proofs of the principal formulas, and the transformation of tri- 
gonometric expressions by means of these formulas. 

3. Solution of trigonometric equations. 

4. The theory and use of logarithms. 

5. The solution of right, oblique and spherical triangles with ap- 
plications. 

LATIN 

Latin A — Three units. 

A systematic course of five lessons a week extending over a period 
of three years is required. 

The real test of the candidates fitness is based npon his ability to 
read simple Latin prose, to explain constructions and idioms, and to 
turn simple latin sentences into prose. 

He should have studied Grammar, Elementary prose composition, 
90 to 120 pages of Nepos (Lives) and Caesar (Gallic and Civil wars;) also 
about 40 pages of Cicero anp the first four books of Virgil or its equiva- 
lent in Latin poetry. 

Latin B — One unit (optional.) 

Virgil and Ovid, 6,000 to 10,000 verses or other equivalents not read 
in Latin A. 

GREEK 
1, 2 or 3 units 

1. The equivalent of White's First Greek Book. Five recitations 
a week for at least thirty weeks. The candidates shall have read the 
equivalent of about eight chapters of Anabasis and show a knowledge of 
ordinary forms. One unit. 

2. At least the first four books of the Anabasis together with the 
ability to turn short sentences into Greek. One unit. 

3. The translation at sight of Attic prose and of Homer, construe- 



24 BULLETIN 

tions, idioms and prosody and the ability to translate a short passage of 
connected English narrative is required. One unit. 

GERMAN 

a. Elementary German— Two units. 

During the first year the work should comprise: 
i, Careful drill on pronunciation. 

2. Drill on the rudiments of grammar. 

3. Abundant easy exercises in reproduction and memory work. 

4. The reading of 75 to 100 pages of graduated texts from a reader. 
During the second year the work should comprise: 

1. The reading of 150 to 200 pages of literature in the form of easv 
stories and plays. 

2. Reproduction practice as before, both oral and written. 

3. Continued drill on the rudiments of grammar. 
Suitable stories and plays are as follows: 

Wilhelmi's Einer Muss Heiraten, Im Vaterland, Andersen's Mar- 
chen, Leander's Traumereien, Heyse's L'Arrabbiata, Hillern's Hoher als 
die Kirche, Storm's Immensee, Zschokke's Der Zerbrochene Krug, 
Stokl's Unter dem Cbristbaum, Baumbach's, Der Schwiegersohn. 

b. Intermediate German — One unit. 

The work should comprise, in addition to the elementary course, 
the reading of about 400 pages of moderately difficult prose and poetry 
together with constant drill in reproduction and grammatical drill, witb 
special reference to the infinitive and the subjunctive. 

Suitable reading matter can be selected from the following: 
Freytag's Die Journalisten, Fouque's Undine, Goethe's Hermann 
and Dorothea, Lessiug's Minna von Barnhelm, Schiller's Der Neffe als 
Onkel, Wilhelm Tell, Die Jungfrau von Orleans and others prescribed 
by the College Entrance Examination Board. 

FRENCH 

a. Elementary French — Two units. 

The applicant should be able to pronounce French accurately, to 
turn simple English sentences into French and to answer questions on 
the rudiments of grammar. 

The first year's work should comprise the rudiments of grammar, 
the reproduction of natural forms of expression and the reading of 100 
to 175 duodecimo pages of graduated texts. 

During the second year the work should comprise: 

1. Constant practice in translating into French easy variations 
upon the texts read. 

2. Frequent oral abstracts. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 25 

3. The mastery of the use of pronouns, pronominal adjectives, of 
all but the rare irregular verb forms and the simpler uses of the condi- 
tional and the subjunctive. 

4. The reading of 400 to 500 pages of easy modern prose in the 
form of stories, plays, or historical or biological sketches. 

Suitable texts for the second year are: 

About's "Le roi des luontagues;" Bruno's "Le tour de la France;" 
Mairet's "La tache du petit Pierre;" Merimee's "Colomba;" Legonoe 
and Labiche's "La cigale chez les fourmis;" Le Bedolliere's "La Mere 
Michel et son chat." 

b. Intermediate French — One unit. 

1. Constant practice in French paraphrasing. 

2. Grammar in modern completeness. 

3. Writing from dictation. 

4. The reading of from 400 to 600 pages from suitable texts such 
as the following: 

Corneille's "Le Cid;" Sandeau's "Le gendre de M. Poirier;" Dau- 
det's "La Bell-Nivernaise;" Racine's "Athalie," "Andromaque" and 
"Esther;" George Sand's plays and stories; Sandeau's, "Mademoiselle 
de la Siegliere," and others. 

PHYSICS 

One unit. 

1. The study of a standard text book as Carharte and Chute's High 
School Physics, or Milikan and Gale's, A First Course in Physics. 

2. Lecture and table demonstrations. 

3. Individual laboratory work consisting of at least 30 experiments 
as required by the College Entrance Examination Board. 

4. The course should include the following fundamental topics: 

a. Introduction; Metric sj'stem, volume, density, weight and states 
of matter. 

b. Mechanics: Fluids and solids. 

c. Heat. 

d. Sound. 

e. Light. 

f. Magnetism. 

g. Static Electricity, 
h. Current Electricity. 

The applicant must also present an approved laboratory note book 
of experiments performed, together with a certificate from the teacher 
of Physics stating the exact character and amount of work done under 
his supervision. 



26 BULLETIN 

BOTANY 

One unit. 
PART I. The General Principles of (a) Auatouiy and Morpho- 
logy, (b) Physiology, and (c) Ecology. 

a. Anatomy and Morphology. 

The seed, the shoot, specialized and metamorphosed shoots, the 
root, specialized and metamorphosed roots, the flower, the comparative 
and morphological study of four or more types, the fruit and the cell. 

b. Physiology. 

Roll of water in the plant, photosynthesis, respiration, digestion 
irritability, growth and fertilization. 

c. Ecology. 

Modifications, dissemination, crosspolliuation, light relations of 
green tissue and special habitats. 

PART II. The Natural History of the Plant Groups and classifi- 
cation. 

A comprehensive study of the great natural groups of plants, Selec- 
tions may be made from the following: 

a. Algae. Pleurococus, Sphaerella, Spirogyra, Vaucheria, Fucus, 
Nemalion. 

b. Fungi. Bacteria, Rhizopus or Mucor, Yeast, Puccinai, Corn 
Smut, Mushroom. 

c. Lichens. Physcia (or Parmelia or Usnea.) 

d. Bryophytes. In Hepaticae, Radula and In Musci, Mnium. 

e. Pteridophytes. In Filicineae, Aspidium, or equivalent including 
the prothallus. In Equesetinae, Equisetum. In Lycopodiueae, Ly- 
copodium and Selaginella. 

f. Gymnosperms. Pinus or equivalent. 

g. Angiosperms. A monocotyledon and dicotyledon. 

The applicant shall present a certified note-book of individual labo- 
ratory work of at least double the amount of time given to recitation. 
Special stress should be laid on accurate drawings and precise descrip- 
tions. 

Zoology 
One Unit, 
i. The general natural history — including general external struc- 
ture in relation to adaptations, life histories, geographical range, rela- 
tions to other plants and animals, and economic relations — of common 
vertebrates. 

Suggested types are a mammal, bird, lizard, snake, turtle, newt 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 27 

frog, dogfish or shark, bony fish, clam, snail, starfish, earthworm, hydra 
seaanemone, paramoecium. 

Pupils should be familiar with orders of insects or with crustaceans, 
spiders and myriapods. 

Actual examination of common animals with the above should be 
supplemented by reading giving natural history information. 

Laboratory work required. 

Certified note-books should be presented. 

In general, the work as outlined by the College Entrance Examina- 
tion Board will be accepted. 

CHEMISTRY 

One unit. 
The candidate's preparation should include: 

1. Individual laboratory work, comprising at least forty exercises 
from a list of sixty or more as outlined by the College Entrance Exami- 
nation Board. 

2. Instruction by lecture, table demonstrations, to be used mainly 
as a basis for questioning upon the general principles involved in the 
pupils laboratory investigations. 

3. The study of at least one standard text book, to the end that the 
pupil may gain a comprehensive and connected view of the most impor- 
tant facts aud laws of elementary Chemistry. Brownlee and others 
Principles of Chemistry or its equivalent is required. 

GEOGRAPHY 

One unit. 

a. The Earth as a Globe. 

b. The Ocean. 

c. The Atmosphere — including weather instruments and the U. S. 
Weather Map. 

d. The Land. 

e. Volcanoes. 

f. Rivers. 

g. Glaciers. 

h. Relation of man, plants and animals to climate, land forms, and 
oceanic areas, 

A note-book certified to by the teacher in charge in all cases is re- 
quired for the one unit. Otherwise )/ 2 unit only may be offered. 



28 BULLETIN 

DRAWING 

One unit, 
i. The applicant must be able to sketch with fairly steady and 
clean lines any figures or combinations of figures, polygons, spirals or 
the like. 

2. He shall be able to sketch common objects such as furniture 
and utensils with reasonable accuracy and correctness of proportion. 

3. Also, to sketch from copy, enlarging or reducing dimensions 
any simple object, such as a valve or title pattern. 

A note-book with drawings both approved and certified to by the 
teacher must be presented in order to receive credit. 



a 


z 


-4-1 

1-. 


< 


Q 


2 


1H 

D 

a 


I 


3 


(/) 


> 
"3d 


Ld 


a; 
tfl 


K 


a 

O 
f 1 


L. 







^ « fOrOflN * 


CM tCtnON ^> 




6) 

DO 


1h 




> 


3 


„ 


CM 


2l 


OO 

c 


CO 
CI 




2 


_J 


cd "jj 


cd H "£j 


O 


c 


, " H M Cd 


M M ^ 


a 


<5 
-a 
o 


to 2 7J hj 
v 1 S a ° "" -A 


^ Sfl M M S 

03 2 o dj 




£ 


a u it, cs .-2 J5 
to to h4 co § 


bo 2 S •£ "3 1; 
woto>-rM§ 






^ N r^rCN -t 


N tCMfl ^ 




"ri 


^3 




> 


o 


H 


CM 




"o 


ir. u 


"> )h 


3. 


Q_ 


O O 


O o 


3 

o 


"3 
o 


cd "13 ii _ 

M M M «Ofl H 


M h m °^ h 


or 

o 


o 


T. S G ^ •£ a <L> ° 


.SSo<u_kdbo 




I 


£? ^ Sot!" <u 3 
HO tomS>-iOPQ 


bo in Cl;7^'ti-'- , i) "o 
S « J, ."2 J2 rt »-i .2 

WOtomS^OPQ 




_ 


^ ■* CM rO rC (N CO 


■«*■ CM tOfON C5 




o 


.a 








M 


N 


a. 


a. 


tn 

y 


en 
O 


D 


"5 
o 


+3 a 


+j c8 


o 




S H M M 


[J H M W 


a 


<5 
G 
u 


5 •£. s B « 5 

§WOfc'«K 


•* 5„ S b " £ 

gtoOtomffi 






^ «*)■«*■ CM rc to <N 


fO"* CM ro CO CM 






f-. 






'5b 






^ 


o 


M 


CM 


a 


o 




CD 

CJ 


3 


CQ 


+J o) _ 


V cd 


o 


"i3 


M aj W M m 


M cd m H 


o 


o 
S 


bow 52 2 o 


b0 <u « 2 u 

° ^ -El 9 c •" 




.c 
O 


^ S HI iHrt 

W S W O to pq 


2^ oSjfS 
pq § to c to m 






^ iOtO M rJ-M <*5 


iO rO m rf CM ro 






J3 


, ' , 


— 




HH 


CM 


a. 
o 


15 


O o ° 
'•B Cd - 

,q cd — ^ M m 


_o O ° 

,Q 2 M M 


Of 

o 


o 


«ja5^r„a5o 
0_r»-r§totoOM 


"HCMSrElraS^ 






(u - +j +3 -s be ,u ;h -g 
OJJgWhOcQ 






J9JS3UX8S JSJIJ 


J3)S3Ui3g puooag 



UJ 

a. 
o _ 

o 

i 

DL 



(/) 







yj « cO cO co co "tf- m 


i-i cO CO co co -^t i-i 


> 


oo 
tS 
3 
DO 


u 

O 


>- 
O 


a. 


c 


►h >-< -co 


N t - CO 

O i-i 


© 
at 
o 


C 
01 

o 


English 2 
German 2 
French 2 
History i 
Philosophy 
Biology 2, i 
Chemistry 
Latin i and 
English ib 


lish 2 
man 2 
ich 2 
ory i 
osophy 
ogy 2, 
m istry 
n 2 and 
lish ib 




£ 


c <u U-T- x; ." x; <s a 
W O fe M Ph PQ O h4 W 










^ co i-i co -3- M VO 


cO i-i cO ■* ** VO 






l_ — >— 


, — * — I 




"rf 


A 




> 


o 














0. 





M l-l _ 


p» i- 

O M 


3 
O 
at 

o 


~H 


^ !>.X> 


^ - i^X! 


y 


f^Xl O >i"S X! % 


>>J3 o >"> a) X! > 


O 


o -5 o o 5 £ "S 


* .2 « wr? .2 -a 




X 


■2 n 3 2 J b ^ 


tg Mrs -3 u W> £ 
ffi w o- « U W W 






gj fl'tOM COtflH 


CO •* cO w co cO i-i 




Xl 




s 




co 


CO 


0. 


Q- 


tfl l - * 


y i-i 


3 

o 

at 


y 

E 


S «! ox: 2 _e ^ 

1) "2 IB « 8 T, « 


(U -rj ffi CD w «H m 


o 




Sgo=R"S 


jgoaggs 




<3 

2 


*j iu ^5 ac t. t; txo 


t t) ■ h M t, 3 is 




«^fl c u " e 


« j3 J5 P ¥ " n 




So^WOfcB 


SophWO&W 






^ tJ- rO«)H «)H to 


Tf CO cO i-i CO ■-< co 




13 


5 '""' 


u^ 




'5b 






MM 


o 


co 


CO 


0. 

o 




15 


U to M 

<N u « q^ 01 H w 


O H g « 

« V?Cfl^ <N - M 


Qi 


o 


t*T4 4J ot .2 fe.2-- 
8 A O ^ H — tl 


a 


E 


O G X! O S O J5 -M 




O 




.2 ja « xj a = n xi 






^ «)f)H rof) co p< i-i 


cOcOmcOcO CO MM 






XI 


'~ A ~ N 


mm 








a. 


13 


I-I lH 

o 


« b 


3 
o 


<3 
O 


reek ic 
atin 3 
nglish 2 
hilosophy 
istory i 
erman 2, 
rench 2 
ible I 
nglish ib 


eek ic 
tin 3 
glish 2 
ilosophy 
story i 
rman 2, 
snch 2 
)le i 
glish ib 






>-| rt » X! "* <K t-.l^ C 






O >-? W Ph w fe pq w 


O^WfeffiOfc P3 W 






J3JS9UI9S JSJItf 


J3}saui3g puoDsg 




z 

D 







^ K) «) ") f) ") «) 


co 0» co co co co 




DO 


t~ 




> 


3 

DO 






a. 


c 


1-1 




3 
O 


_l 
c 


en 

CO « ^ ro -2 « 


cOCO ^ ^ (O 




o 
-o 
o 


lish 
lish 
man 
ich 
non: 
ory 


nglish 

nglish 

erman 

rench 

istory 

lective 




£ 


DC 60 u 5 O to 

s c n C y 7" 






WWOfcBK 


HWOftMW 






^ «rO CO co 10 


cO co co CO IO 




"5 


J- u 


Ih 


> 


o 


O 


O 












o 


m co 


M "fl - „ 


0. 


Q_ 




CS 


3 

o 




<0 >i _ 

.- a 
«•"•£ ^ 

>-, a -^ -o > 


co.2 J § CO 

^ a •*-• "G > 


o 


1- 00 rt to .£ 


« O <n cS «o .„ 


o 




c u: y, 


5 a o;a ** 




£ 


to q ~ ,5 2f £ 








ffiMMiJWW 


WB0.WWW 







^ co -D- rt Tfr CN 


CO Tf Tfv£> 




o 






s 




** 


lO 


a 


a. 


0; 


s ^ 


3 


"5 

u 


'5 >»R 


+3 >, 


o 


E 


B « "S g 


rt M ^ 

0) O •'1 .£ 


o 


2: 


Math 
Phvsi 
Chem 
Astro 
Elect 


Mathi 
Phvsi 
Chem 
Elect: 






^ *3" -t ")tOrO 


■* ■* covO 




~d 


j- ,— "^ .— ' — 


• — " — /— '— 













DO 






m 


_o 


TT 


10 


a. 





U i- CO _i 
O " O N O 


i^ a to 

O m O u 


^ 


co 


. >, |^M g 


~ >. * >->■*-' 


o 

0* 


"5 



N V, « ^ S .S 


« J? CO ^ cS 


t ^ ^*" c a » 

>i» >i« S S i> 


>~>1n >i"to a > 


o 


g 


Biolog 
Chemi 
Biolog 
Chemi 
Mathe 
Econo 
Electi' 


b£-a oc - n a; — 


w 


Biolo 
Chen 
Biolo 
Chen 
Math 
Elect 




d 






■ n n « 10 «i tt 


CO O p) CO Tj- CO 






u 


Ih 


■■ 




O 


O 


a 


15 

u 


r ° « O H 


^ g M " 


s 


irt 


P^> Oi 


K-> ^ p 


o 


s 


■c m.S «Ch 


•9 CO M' C' H 


a* 





u ^ <f> - bo - n 2 
•Jso'^cobcc 


rr, O -C 1-^ (/) (0 j. 


O 




<u a ".s c '5 r; 








vp ra oca d >. g 

>- *jq a.2^=ja- 










CJ^KitfiCJ^ 


d4a,Ka3oa.W 






jajsatuag JSjij 


J9JS3UI9S puooag 



g 

z 

Ld 
(/) 



> 
a. 

O 

or 
o 


(1) 

DO 

d 

DO 

c 
«1 

_1 

c 
o 


hrs. 
English 9 3 
Bible 3 2 
Elective 8 


English 9 3 
Philosophy 3 
Bible 3 2 
Elective 9 


> 

a. 

O 
Of 

o 


o 
"o 

D- 

nj 
O 

O 

if 


hrs. 
History 4 3 
History 5 3 
Philosophy 
Bible 3 2 
Elective 8 


History 4 3 
History 6 3 
Philosophy 9 3 
Bible 3 2 
Elective 7 


a. 

O 
Of 

a 


"J5 
y 

Q_ 

y 

E 
u 


hrs. 
Mathematics 7 3 
Physics 2 4 
Bible 3 2 
Elective 7 


Mathematics 8 3 
Physics 2 4 
Bible 3 2 
Elective 7 


a. 
o 

O 


(J 

DO 

o 



co 

15 
o 

'E 

o 


hrs. 
Biology 4, or | 
Chemistry 6 / 4 
Physics 1 4 
Bible 3 2 
Elective 6 


Biology 4, or "1 
Chemistry 6 / 4 
Physics 1 4 
Bible 3 2 
Elective 6 


a. 

O 
X. 

o 


o 

O 


hrs. 
Greek 2 3 
History 4 3 
Bible 3 2 
Elective 8 


Greek 2 3 
Philosophy 9 3 
History 4 3 
Bible 3 2 
Elective 6 


J3}83ui9g jsjij jajsaaisg puooag 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 33 



Philosophy 

PROFESSOR PETERS 
As there is no such thing as final authority in Philosophy every 
student in this department is urged to react upon both the text books 
to which he is referred and to the opinions defended by the instructor. 
It is the primary purpose of the department to stimulate vigorous, in- 
dependent thinking upon questions pertaining to Philosophy. 

1. Psychology — Three hours. First Semester. 

Special emphasis will be placed upon (1) the application of psy- 
chological laws to practical life, and (2) the philosophical bearing of 
certain psychological principles. Thus, without departing from the 
mode of treatment appropriate to a natural science, this course will be 
made to serve as a general introduction to philosophy. Text book 
Angell's Psychology. 

2. Logic — Three hours. Second Semester. 

The intimate relation between Logic and Psychology will be em- 
phasized throughout the course. From this point of view the tradi- 
tional subject matter of elementary logic will be carefully discussed and 
the detection and classification of fallacies drilled upon. About half 
the time of the course will be given to Inductive Logic. Text book 
Hibben's "Logic: Deductive and Inductive." 

3. History of Ancient Philosophy — Two hours. First Semester. 
In this course, and in its sequel, Philosophy 4, the aim will be (1) 

to trace the development of philosophy, pointing out what of perma- 
nent value each system, as it arose, contributed toward a final solution 
of the problem of the nature of being, and (2) to show the interaction 
between philosophic thought and the practical life of the period during 
which it flourished. 

4. History of Modern Philosophy — Two hours. Second Semester. 
The work will be critical as well as expository, and an effort will be 

made at reconstruction on the basis of the great systems of philosophy 
worked out from Decartes to Spencer. 

5. Metaphysics— Two hours. First Semester. 

A thoroughgoing consideration of the nature of being, approached 
through a critical study of Skepticism, Realism, Mysticism, Critical 
Rationalism, and Pragmatism. Text-book Royce's "The World and the 
Individual" Vol. I with library references to Bradley, Taylor, Mill, 
James, etc. 

6. The Philosophy of Nature — Two hours. Second Semester. 

A continuation of Philosophy 5. The meaning of Nature and of its 



34 BULLETIN 

Laws, the interpretation of Evolution, the problem of Evil, Immortal- 
ity, and the relation of man to God are the central problems discussed. 
Text Royce's "The World and the Individual," Vol. II. 

7. Philosophy of Religion — Three hours. First Semester. 

This is an untechnical course, the problem being approached from 
the historical and psychological standpoint rather than from that of 
Metaphysics. Text-book Sabatier's 'Outlines of a Philosophy of Re- 
ligion," with references to the Psychologies of Religion, particularly 
those of Ames and Pratt. 

This course will alternate with Education 7. 

8. Introduction to Philosophy — Three hours. Second Semester. 
Text-book: Fullerton's Introduction to Philosophy. Additional 

topics by lectures and library references. May be substituted for Phil- 
osophy 2. 

9. Ethics Three hours. Second Semester. 

This course will be primarily constructive and only in so far criti- 
cal and historical as its constructive purpose demands. Much atten- 
tion will be given to the practical bearing of the doctrine set forth on 
the pressing problems of today — such as individualism, the integrity of 
our social institutions, the problems which grow out of progress, etc. 
Philosophy 5 is recommended as a good preparation for this course. 

11. Philosophical Seminar — Time to be arranged. Three hours 
credit. 

Primarily for graduates though open, in exceptional cases, to ad- 
vanced undergraduates. The following courses are offered, only one of 
which will, however, be given in any one year. 

a. In Philosophy. Topic, The Philosophy of Kant. A first band 
study of Kant's works. Primarily the Critique of Pure Reason but also 
as much of the other two Critiques as time permits. 

b. In Ethics. Topic, Progress. The philosophical bases of pro- 
gress, progress in history, the present crisis, the "beyond-man" — ie 
the future trend of progress, etc. 

c. In Religion. Topic, The Psychology of Religion. The origin 
of religion and religious rites, its development in racial historv, and its 
probable future. Conversion, religious growth in the individual, and 
the nature and validity of religious knowledge. 

d. In the Philosophy of Religion. Topic, Conceptions of God. 
The various conceptions that have been held as to the nature of God, 
particularly — though not exclusively — the more or less technically 
philosophical conceptions. Descriptive and critical. 

Attention is also called to the fact that Philosophy 5, 6 and 9 are 
open to graduate students. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 35 

Education 

PROFESSOR PETERS 

i. History of Education — Three hours. First Semester. 

A study of pedagogical theories and practices from the early days 
of China to the present with some reaction upon the doctrines dis- 
cussed. Text book Monroe's "Text Book in the History of Education." 

2. Educational Classics — Three hours. Second Semester. 

The course will include the reading, and critical discussion in class, 
of such educational classics as the following: Milton's Tractate, Locke's 
Thoughts on Education, Rousseau's Emile, Pestalozzi's Leonard and 
Gertrude, and Spencer's Essays on Education. The course is recon- 
structive as to methods. 

4. Classics of the Psychological Period. Three hours. First 
Semester. 

This will include the reading of Pestalozzi's How Gertrude Teaches 
Her Children, Herbart's Outliues of Educational Doctrines, and at least 
parts of Froebel's Education of Man. The pedagogical value of the 
doctrines set forth will be estimated and they will be made the basis for 
reconstruction. 

5. School Management — Three hours. Second Semester. 

A consideration of the practical problems involved in class manage- 
ment and in school supervision. 

NOTE — Education 1 and 2 will alternate with Education 4 and 5. 

6. The Principles of Education — Three hours. First Semester, y 
Discussion of the nature and ends of education, its psychological 

bases, general methods, etc. Text book Bagley's The Educative Pro- 
cess, with many library references. Either practice teaching or two 
theses will be required as a part of the work of the course. 

7. Moral and Religious Education — Three hours. First Semester. 
Text-book Coe's Education in Religion and Morals, with extensive 

library references to the Psychologies of Religion on the one hand and 
the literature on moral education in the schools on the other. Each 
student will be required to write a thesis treating either some phase of 
Christian growth or some aspect of moral education in the schools. 
This course will alternate with Philosophy 7. 

8. Secondary Education — Three hours. Second Semester. 

This course deals primarily with the American High School of to- 
day but some attention will also be given to the history of our secon- 
dary school system in the United States and to the secondary schools of 
Europe. The course will consist of two parts: (1) The general problems 



36 BULLETIN 

of the high school, and (2) The high school curriculm. Text-books 
Brown's The American High School and Johnson's High School Educa- 
tion. Either practice teaching or two theses. 

9. Seminar in Education — Hours to be arranged. 

Open to graduate and advanced undergraduate students. The work 
and the method of treatment will be adapted to the needs of the class. 
Evening hours may be arranged. 

Greek Language and Literature 

PROFESSOR SHROYER 

ib. Elementary Greek — Five hours. Throughout the year. 
Xenophon: Four Books of the Anabasis. Greek Prose. 
2C. Advanced Greek — Three hours. Throughout the year. 
Homer: Three books of the Iliad, scansion, sight translation, epic 
poetry. Greek antiquities, Greek literature and Greek prose. 

1. Junior Greek — Three hours. Throughout the year. 
Herodotus: Selections from several of the books are read. Review 

of the Greek historians and the Persion Wars. 

Plato: Apology and Crito. The Athenian courts. 
New Testament. Readings in the Pauline epistles. 

2. Senior Greek —Three hours. Throughout the year. 
Xenophon; Memorabilia; or Demosthenes: De Corona. Socrates 

and the Socratic schools. The Attic oration. 

Sophocles: Oedipus Tyrannus; or Aeschylus: Prometheus Bound. 
Development of the Greek drama. Greek tragedy, comedy and theater. 

3. Junior Elective Greek — Three hours. Throughout the year. 
New Testament: Readings in the gospels of Mark and John and in 

the Pauline and Catholic epistles. The object of this course is exegeti- 
cal and practical. It will include a study of the synoptic gospels and a 
survey of the letters of Paul. 

Department of Latin 

PROFESSOR KIRKUND 

Freshman Latin — The three units prescribed on page 25 for admis- 
sion prerequisite. 

I. In Language. General Grammar with oral and written exer- 
cises. 

II. In Literature. Historical, Sallust's Conspiracy of Catiline, 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 37 

epic, Vergil's Aeneid, Books VII-XII, philosophic Cicero, De Amicitia. 

III. In Life. Abbott's Short History of Rome, Johnston's Private 
Life of the Romans. 

Three hours a week. 

Sophomore Latin. 

I. General grammar with written and oral exercises, 

II. In Literature. Historical and biographic, Livy, Books I, II, 
and Tacitus' Agricola; Lyric, Catullus, Odes; philosophic, Cicero, De 
Officiis. 

In Life. Carter's Religion of Numa, Fairbank's Mythology. 
Three hours a week. 
Junior Latin. 

I. In Language. General grammar with oral and written exer- 
cises. 

II. In Literature. Historical, Livy, Books XXI, XXII; and Taci- 
tus, Germania; lyric, Horace, Odes; critical, Quintilian, Book X. 

III. In Life, Tarbell's History of Greek Art, Goodyear's Roman 
Art. 

Three hours a week. 
Senior Latin. 

I. In Language. History of the Latin Language with oral and 
written exercises.' 

II. In Literature. Historical and epistolary, Tacitus, Annals and 
Cicero's Letters; dramatic and satirical, Plautus, Captivi, and Horace's 
Satires and Epistles; Critical, Cicero, De Oratore. 

III. In Life. Mackail's Latin Literature. 

Department of French 

PROFESSOR KIRKXAND 

First Year French. 

Exercises in dictation and composition occupy one- third of the time 
throughout the year. Text-books, Fraser and Squair's Grammar, 
Merimee, Columba; Labiche et Martin, Le voyage de Monsieur Perri- 
cheon; Daudet, Contes ehoisis; Dumas, L'Evasion du Due de Beafort. 

Three hours. 

Second Year French. 

The novel, drama, and lyric of the Nineteenth Century are touched 
upon; the subjunctive mood is studied; oral exercises are used; the 
history of French Literature is examined. 

Text-books: Fraser and Squair's Grammar; Saintbury's History of 



38- BULLETIN 

French Literature; Dumas' Moute-Cristo; Tuckerman, Simplicite; 
About, Le rei des moutagues: Racine, Athalie; Huge, Hernani, Bowen's 
Modern French Lyrics. 

Three hours a week. 

Third Year French. 

The study of Modern French, Prose and of France's place in civili- 
zation, Books: Nodier, Contes; Hugo, Notre-Dame de Paris; Sand,. In- 
diana; Pellissier, Le mouvement litteraire du XIXe Siecle; Balzac, La 
Cousine Bette; France, Silvestre Bounard; Foncin, Le Pays de France. 

Three hours a week. 

German Language and Literature 

PROFESSOR SELTZER 

i. Freshman German— Three hours. Throughout the year. 

Literature of the 19th century. Fouque's Undine; Heine's Die 
Harzreise; Freytag's Lie Journalisten; Scheffel's Ekkehard; Midler's 
Deutsche Liebe; Deutsche Gedichte; Wenkebach's Composition. 

2. Sophomore German — Three hours. Throughout the year. 
Literature of the 18th century. Representative works of Lessing, 

Schiller and Goethe will be read,' discussed and compared. 

3. Junior German — Three hours. Throughout the year. 

General view of German Literature. Rapid reading of representa- 
tive authors of each period; reading of selections from German History, 
Freytag's Aus dem Jahrhundert des grossen Krieges. Reports an as- 
signed work. 

4. Middle High German — Three hours. Throughout the year. 
Wright's Middle High German Primer; Ein Mittlehochdeutsches 

Lesebuch: Nibelungen Lied; Gundrun; Wolfram Von Eschenbach, etc. 

5. Scientific German — Three hours. Throughout the year. 
Dippold's Scientific German Reader; Uber Baterien — Cohn. 

Kuraer Abriss der Geschichte der Chemie will be read. 

English Language and Literature 

PROFESSOR JOHNSON 

i. Theory and Practice of English Composition — Two hours. 
Throughout the year. 

This course includes a thorough study of technique and extensive 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 39 

writing of short and long themes. There are recitations, lectures and 
private conferences. 

ib. Critical Exposition — Long and short Themes. One hour. 
Throughout the year. 

First Semester: Principles of criticism; analysis of prose essay 
style. Second Semester: Argumentation, translation and the analysis 
of the short story. 

2. See Oratory I — Public Speaking. 

3. History of English Literature— Three hours. Throughout the 
year. 

This course deals with the work of all the leading authors from the 
earliest times to the present. Text-books: Moody and Lovett's History 
of English Literature and Manly's English Poetry. Prerequisite ib. 

4. History of American Literature — Three hours. First Semester. 
This course deals with the development of American Literature and 

its relation to English Literature. A careful study is made of repre- 
sentative authors. Not given 1913-1914. 

5a. English Literature of the Seventeenth Century. — First Sem- 
ester. 

The object of this course is to give the student a fairly complete 
knowledge of the literature produced in England under Charles I, the 
Commonwealth, and the later Stuarts. Particular attention is paid to 
the poetry of Dryden and Milton. • . 

5b. English Literature of the Eighteenth Century — Second Sem- 
ester. 

The object of this course is to treat in a manner as exhaustive as 
possible the typical writers of the Eighteenth Century. Parallel read- 
ing and essays are required. 

7. The Poetry of Chaucer— Three hours. Throughout the year. 
Attention will be paid to the sources from which the poet drew his 

material and to the language, pronunciation, and versification which he 
employs. 

8. Prose Fiction — Three hours.' Second Semester. 

The history and technique of the novel are outlined and discussed. 
Masterpieces from each period of development are studied and analyzed. 
Not given 1913-1914. 

9. Shakespeare as a Playwright — Three hours. Throughout the 
year. 

The development of the drama from the miracle plays to Shakes- 
peare's time is traced. Shakespeare's plays are then taken up chrono- 
logically and studied from the standpoint of theatrical effectiveness. 

10. Advanced Composition — Two hours. Throughout the year. 



40 BULLETIN 

Given whenever a class of six applies for it. 9 is a prerequisite for 
the short-story hour. One hour is devoted to essay-writing, argument 
and debating; the other to short story writing. Private conferences are 
required. 

Mathematics and Astronomy 

MATHEMATICS 

PROFESSOR LEHMAN 

1. Advanced Algebra — Four hours. First Semester. 

Covering ratio and proportion, variation, progressions, the binom- 
ial theorem, theorem of undetermined coefficients, logarithms, permu- 
tations and combinations, theory of equations, etc. 

2. Plane and Spherical Trigonometry — Four hours. Second Se- 
mester. 

Definitions of trigonometric functions, goniometrv, right and ob- 
lique triangles, measuring angles to compute distances and heights, 
development of trigonometric formulae, solution of right and oblique 
spherical triangles, applications to Astronomy. 

3. Analytic Geometry — Three hours. Throughout the year. 

The equations of the straight line, circle, ellipse, parabola, and hy- 
perbola are studied, numerous examples solved, and as much of the 
higher plane curves and of the geometry of space is covered as time 
will permit. 

4. Differential Calculus — Three hours. First Semester. 
Differentiation of algebraic and transcendental functions, maxima 

and minima, development into series, tangents, normals, evolutes, en- 
velopes, etc. 

5. Integral Calculus — Three hours. Second Semester. 
Integrations, rectification of curves, quadrature of surfaces, cuba- 

ture of solids, etc. 

6. Plane Surveying — Three hours. Second Semester. 

A study of the instruments, field work, computing areas, plotting, 
leveling, etc. 

7. Differential Equations — Three hours. First Semester. 

A course in the elements of differential equations. Murray. 
Prerequisite, Mathematics 3, 4 and 5. 

8. Analytic Mechanics — Three hours. Second Semester. 
Bowser. 

Prerequisite, Mathematics 7. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 41 



ASTRONOMY 



PROFESSOR LEHMAN 

1. General Astronomy — Four hours. First Semester. 
The department is provided with a fine four-and-a-half inch achro- 
matic tesescope equatorially mounted, of which the students make free 



History and Political Science 

PROFESSOR SHENK 

i. Mediaeval and Modern History — Three hours. Throughout the 
year. 

A general survey of the history of Western Europe from the bar- 
barian invasions to the present time. Text-book, lectures, written tests, 
special papers, collateral readings. Harding, Essentials in Mediaeval 
and Modern History; Robinson's Readings. Required in all groups. 

2. History of England — Three hours. First semester. 

The early development of the English Constitution, The Tudor 
dynasty, the Puritan Revolution and the Revolution of 1688. 

3a. Economic History of the United States— Three hours. Second 
Semester. 

A study of the economic and industrial development of the United 
States. • 

4. United States Political and Constitutional History — Three hours. 
Throughout the year. 

A full course covering the colonial and constitutional periods. An 
extensive reading course of original and secondary sources is required. 
Elson: History of the United States. 

5. Political Science — Three hours. First Semester. 

A study of various theories of the State and of the structure and 
province of government. Garner: Elements of Political Science. 

6. International Law — Three hours. Second Semester. 

A course in the Fundamental Principles of International Law. Much 
time is given to the study of important cases. Lawrence: The Princi- 
ples of International Law. 

Economics and Sociology 

PROFESSOR SHENK 

i. Economics — Three hours. First Semester. 

A general course in economic theory, supplemented by considera- 



42 BULLETIN 

tiou of practical current problems. Careful consideration will be given 
the different points of view of the leading economists. Johnson: Intro- 
duction to Economics. 

2. Current Labor Problems — Three hours. Second Semester. 

A course devoted to a stud)' of the important labor problems of the 
present day: Strikes, labor organizations, employer's associations, arbi- 
tration, trade agreement, labor legislation, etc. 

3. Theory of Sociology — Two hours. Throughout the year. 

This course is intended to give the student a knowledge of the vari- 
ous theories of society together with the place of Sociology in the gen- 
eral field of learning. 

English Bible 

PROFESSOR SHROYER 

i. Teacher Training Two hours. First Semester. Hurlbut. 

Bible Study by Doctrines. Two hours. Second Semester. Sell. 

2. Life of Christ — Mark as guide with references to the other gos- 
pels. Two hours. First Semester. 

Life of Paul. Acts and Pauline Epistles. Two hours. Second 
Semester. 

(This course may be taken instead of 1 at the option of the teacher. 
3. Old Testament — Introduction to Bible Study. Painter. Two 
hours. First Semester. 

Scientific Confirmation of Old Testament History. Wright. Two 
hours. Second Semester. 

Introduction to the Study of Comparative Religion. Jevons. Two 
hours. This course may be taken instead of either one of the above at 
the discretion of the teacher. 



Biology 

PROFESSOR DERICKSON AND MR. ARNDT. 

I. Plant Biology — Four hours. Three lectures or recitations and 
two laboratory periods of two hours each, per week. Throughout the 
year. The object of the course is to give the student a broad general 
knowledge of the plant kingdom. The form, structure and functioning 
of one or more types of each of the divisions of algae, fungi, liverworts, 
mosses, ferns and flowering plants, are studied. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 43 

Special attention is given to the ontogeny and phylogeny of the 
several groups suggestive of evolution. 

Experiments are performed in the laboratory to determine some of 
the relations of plants to water, gravitation, temperature and light. 
Several types of seeds are studied as to their structure, germination and 
development. The principles of classification are learned by the analy- 
sis and identilcation of representatives of at least twenty-five orders of 
spermatophytes. 

The laboratory and class room work is supplemented by frequent 
field trips. 

Each student is supplied with a compound microscope, dissecting 
instruments, note and drawing materials and portfolio. 

Required of freshmen in chemical-biological group. Elective for 
others. 

Text-books: Nature and Development of Plants, Curtis. Gray's 
new manual of Botany, Laboratory and Field Manual of Botany, Bergen 
and Davis. 

2. Animal Biology — Four hours. Throughout the year. 

Three lectures and two laboratory periods of two hours each, per 
week. 

The principles of biology are learned by making a careful compara- 
tive study of representatives of several phyla of animals. The amoeba, 
euglena, paramecium, vorticella, sponge, hydra, starfish, earthworm, 
crayfish, grasshopper, mussel, amphioxus and frog are studied. A care- 
ful study is made of the embryology of the frog. The process of de- 
velopment is closely watched from the segmenting of the egg until 
metamorphosis takes place. Each student is taught the principles of 
technic by preparing and sectioning embryos at various stages of devel- 
opment. From these and other migroscopic preparations the develop- 
ment of the internal organs and origin of tissues is studied. This is fol- 
lowed by a histological study of the tissues of the adult frog. 

Each student is required to keep a record of all work done in the 
laboratory in carefully prepared notes and drawings. 

For sophomores in the chemical-biological group. Elective for 
others. 

Text-books: Hegner's College Zoology, Holms, The Frog. 

3. Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy — Four hours. Throughout 
the year. Six hours laboratory work and two conferences each week. 

The course consists of the dissection and thorough study of a suc^ 
torial fish, a cartilaginous fish, a bony fish, an amphibian, a reptile, a 
bird and a mammal. Carefully labeled drawings are required of each 
student as a record of each dissection. 



44 BULLETIN 

Text-books: Pratt's Vertebrate Zoology, Kingsley's Text-book of 
Vertebrate Zoology. 

4. Vertebrate Histology and Embryology — Four hours. 
Histology. 

Two conferences aud six hours laboratory work per week. 

The normal histology of the human body is made the basis of the 
class work. Each student is required to acquire a practical knowledge 
of all phases of histological technic. 

All the tissues as well as the structure of all of the organs of the 
body are studied. Each student prepares about one hundred and fifty 
slides. 

Text-book: A manual of Histology and Organography, Hill. 

Elective for juniors and seniors. 

Embryology — Second week in March to the end of the year. 
Two lectures and six hours laboratory work per week. The laboratory 
work is based on the development of the chick and comparisons made 
with that of the frog and mammal. A study is made of living embryos 
at various stages of development. These are later killed, prepared and 
sectioned by the student for the study of the development of the inter- 
nal organs. Fully labeled drawings are required. 

Text-book: Introduction to Vertebrate Embryology. Reese. 

Elective for Juniors and seniors. 

5. Morphology and Histology of Plants— Four hours throughout 
the year. Six hours laboratory work and two hours seminar per week. 
The details of the structure and development of the organs appearing 
in all stages of the life history of typical thalophytes, bryophytes, pteri- 
dophytes, gymnosperms and angiosperms will be studied. 

Only those students will be admitted to this work who have shown 
by their interest in the work and knowledge of botany that they are 
capable of pursuing the work outlined with a certain degree of inde- 
pendence. 

Prerequisite, Biology 1 or equivalent. 

Text-books: Chamberlain's Plant Histology, Goebel's Organo- 
graphy of Plants. 

* Biology 3 and Biology 4 are given in alternate years. Biology 4 will be given 
in 1913-1914. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 45 

Chemistry 

PROFESSOR WANNER 

i. General Chemistry — Four hours lectures and recitations and 
four hours laboratory work. Throughout the year. 

Non-metals and their compounds. 

Metals and their compounds, and some Qualitative analysis. 

The laboratory work comprises about two hundred and fifty experi- 
ments in general inorganic chemistry, followed by qualitative analysis. 

Text-book: Remsen's College Chemistry. 

While the course presupposes no previous knowlege of chemistry, 
it is advisable to have completed a course in elementary chemistry. 

2. Qualitative Analysis — One hour lecture and a minimum of 
eight hours laboratory work. First semester. 

Pre-requisite Chemistry I. 

Methods of separating and detecting the bases. The six groups. 

Methods of separating and detecting the acids. The analysis of 
solids including both acids and bases. 

The laboratory work comprises: First, a study of the reactions of 
the metallic salts; Second, the separation and detection of the acids and 
bases. 

The student is required to analyze a number of unknown substances 
both in solid and liquid form. 

Text-book: Prescott and Johnson's Qualitative Analysis. 

3. Quantitative Analysis — One hour lecture and a minimum of 
eight hours laboratory work. Second semester. 

Pre-requisite Chemistry 2. 

A few simple gravimetric and volumetric determinations and a 
study of the chemical operations involved. 

The determinations of the more important elements. The analy- 
sis of limestone. The analysis of a few common ores and alloys. 

Text-book: Talbot's Quantitative Analysis. 

4. Quantitative Analysis — One hour lecture and eight hours labora- 
tory work. 

Pre-requisite Chemistry 3. 

Advanced gravimetric analysis. 

Advanced volumetric analysis. 

Text-book: Fresenius Quantitative Analysis. 

5. Organic Chemistry — Two hours lectures and six hours labora- 
tory work. Throughout the year. 

Pre-requisite Chemistry I. 



46 BULLETIN 

Introduction to, and study of the fundamental principles of organic 
chemistry. 

The aliphatic compounds. 

The aromatic compounds. 

The laboratory work consists in the preparation and purification of 
a number of typical organic compounds. 

Text-books: Remsen's Organic Chemistry, and Cohen's Practical 
Organic Chemistry (laboratory manual.) 

6. Industrial Chemistry— Four hours lectures and recitation. 

Pre-requisite Chemistry I. 

A study of the practical applications of chemistry. 

Trips are taken to industrial plants in the immediate vicinity. 

Text-book: Thorpe's Outlines of Industrial Chemistry. 

Geology 

PROFESSOR WANNER 

I. Four hours lectures and recitations. Second semester. 
Dynamical, structural and historical geology. 

Also some practical work in the geological field trips in the imme- 
diate vicinity. 

Text-book: Scott's Introduction to Geology. 

Agriculture 

PROFESSOR WANNER 

i. Four hours lectures and recitations and four hours laboratory 
work. First Semester. 

A study of the principles and some of the practical applications of 
farming. 

Text-book: Warren's Elements of Agriculture. 

Physics 

PROFESSOR PRITCHARD 

1. General Physics — Four hours. Throughout the year. Three 
hours lecture and recitations and four hours laboratory work. 

First Semester — Mechanics of solids, liquids and gases. Sound. 
Second Semester — Heat, light, magnetism, and electricity. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 47 

The aim of the course is to give the student a good knowledge of 
college physics. 

Text-books: Crew's General Physics is used in class room and 
Ames and Bliss's Manual of Experiments in Physics, also part of 
Nichol's Laboratory Manual of Physics and Applied Electricity in the 
laboratory. 

Oratory and Public Speaking 

PROFESSOR ADAMS 

The work of this department is primarily personal culture, the high- 
est development of the personality of the student. "The development 
of the art of oratory is the development of the orator himself." 

The course of Oratory affords opportunity for those who wish to 
develop their powers of expression either as interpreters or creative 
thinkers, through the interpretive study of the finest in literature. As 
the interpretation and adequate expression of the literature demands 
a high degree of mental activity at the moment of speech, and the stu- 
dent must think and feel with the author, his mental and spiritual pow- 
ers are quickened with every step, and his progress tested by his ability 
to move his audience, the class. 

The course requires two years of study of prescribed work. Upon 
the completion of the studies a certificate is awarded. 

Students entering the regular course must have had a high school 
course or its equivalent. 

General Outline 

1. Public Speaking. (English 2) 

Orations, Debate, Extemporaneous Speaking. Impersonations. 

2. Voice Training. 

Vocal Technique, Placing, Tone Color. 

3. Literary Interpretation. 

Evolution of Expression; Laws of Art; Poetic Interpretation. 

4. Dramatic and Platform Art. 

Shakespeare, Dramatic Training, Deportment, Private Lessons. 

5. Physical Training. 

Expressive Physical Culture, Gesture, Response. 

6. English and Literature. 

Rhetoric, Composition, History of English Literature. 

7. Pedagogy. 

Psychology, Normal Training, Methods. 



4S BULLETIN 

Description of Courses 

1. Public Speaking. (English 2) One hour. 

Required of Sophomores. Open to others at discretion of instructor. 

This aims to give the student practice in the fundamentals of oral 
expression. Physical and voice exercises for securing poise, freedom 
and unity, breathing and articulation, placing and radiation of tones. 

Study of the lives and methods of great orators. Drill in interpret- 
ing and delivering orations and other forms of literature. 

Extemporaneous speaking, arguments, occasional speeches and ori- 
ginal orations, Impersonation, characterization, dramatic study and 
presentation of scenes from some of Shakespeare's plays. 

2. Voice Training. Exercises for breath control, for freeing of 
voice by proper placing and direction of tone, purity, flexibility, radia- 
tion, resonance, and power; pitch, volume and inflection in emphasis. 
Tone color and form, ideal and imaginative qualities in tone. Diction. 

Given daily throughout course. 

3. Literary Interpretation. Development of the principles of Pub- 
lic Address. 

a. Evolution of Expression. Two hours. Study of selections 
from great orators, essayists, poets and dramatists. Practical drill work 
before class for developing power of student through application of 
principles to his individual needs. Personal criticism and guidance to 
bring out originality of student. 

b. Perfective Laws of Art. Two hours. Expressive study of dif- 
ferent forms of literature with particular attention to the laws of art 
which logically follow the sixteen steps of the Evolution. Dramatic 
work. 

(Two hours credit iu college is given for each af above courses, a 
and b, when taken with one private lesson a week.) 

c. Poetic Interpretation. One hour. Special interpretative and 
critical study of the great poets, with presentation and criticism before 
class, to acquaint student with masters of literary art, to develop appre- 
ciation of music and suggestiveness of poetry, and imaginative and 
poetic elements in work. Study of poetic forms. 

Attention is given to the choice, adaptation, and abridgement of 
selections for public reading. 

4. Dramatic and Platform Art. One hour. Interpretation and dra- 
matic study of Hamlet, Macbeth, Othello, Merchant of Venice, Julius 
Caesar and As You Like It. Presentation of prepared scenes for criti- 
cism. Practical work in stage business, deportment and grouping. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 49 

Platform deportment, correct bearing and presentation before audi- 
ence. Platform methods and traditions. Pantomime, study of emo- 
tions. Freedom and responsiveness in bodily expression. 

Sketches and plays are given from time to time during the year, 
which with the annual college play provide special dramatic training 
for many. 

Private lessons, with attention to the special needs of the students, 
either in overcoming habits, or in personal development and repertoire, 
are given throughout the course to supplement the class work. More 
time is given to selections, arrangement of programs, writing intro- 
ductions, etc. One hour a week. 

5. Physical training. Exercises for securing poise, bearing, free- 
dom and ease in movement; to gain control over body and render it re- 
sponsive to thought. Response in bearing and dramatic attitudes. 
Gesture drill for definite expressions through different realms. 

Given daily throughout course. 

6. English and Literature. 
Composition and Rhetoric. (English 1.) 
English i-b, and English Literature. (English 3.) 

7. Psychology. Philosophy 1. 

Normal Training and Methods. One hour. Practice in teaching 
and class management. Under the direction and criticism of the in- 
structor the Seniors conduct class work, lecture upon principles, and 
discuss their application. 

Recitals. A recital is given at least once a term for which the stu- 
dents are carefully prepared. These afford the students public platform 
practice by which they gain confidence and experience. 

Each Senior is required to adapt and arrange a program for a public 
recital, from some piece of literature approved by the instructor. 

Tuition 

All tuition is payable in advance. No reduction is allowed for ab- 
sence for the first or second week of the terms, nor for lessons missed 
during the term except in case of protracted illness. 

Regular Course, Fall term $30, Winter and Spring terms each $25. 

Special courses in Literary Interpretation, with 1 private lesson a 
week. Fall term, $15, Winter and Spring terms, each $12.50. 

Private lessons, $1.00. 
• Class work in Physical Culture, per term $3.50. 

Other classes will be formed when there is a call for any special 
line of work. 

Fee for certificate, $2.50. 



50 BULLETIN 

Register of Students 

GRADUATE STUDENTS 

Linebaugh, Norman L. , A. B. , B. D Hershey 

SENIORS 

Boughter, Ezekiel Kephart Oberlin 

Christeson, Florence E Annville 

Clippinger, Florence E Shippensburg 

Home, Clara K Red Lion 

Klinger , Landis R Williamstown 

Lehman, Edith M Annville 

Leininger, John F, Chambersburg 

Light, Boaz G Avon 

Mulhollen, Victor D Wilmore 

Rechard, Elizabeth Hay Yor.k 

Ressler, Ivan L Shamokin 

Richie, G. Adolphus Shamokin 

Roberts, Palmer F Annville 

Sherk, John E Jonestown 

Spesaard, Lottie May Annville 

Ulricb, Harry Edwin Harrisburg 

Ulrich, Charles Y Manheim 

Wert, Mark Hopkins Annville 

Williams, George Albert Annville 

Yarkes, Edna E McAlisterville 

Zimmerman, Sara Esther Shamokin 

JUNIORS 

Amdt, Charles H Annville 

Charlton, Harry H N. Billerica, Mass. 

Harnish, Leray Bowers Carlisle 

Heffelfinger, Victor M Annville 

Landis, Edgar M Myerstown 

Lyter, John Bowman Harrisburg 

Mutch, C. Edward Sunbury 

Reddick, D. Leonard Walkersville, Md. 

Risser , Blanch M Campbelltown 

Rodes, Lester A Wormleysburg 

Smith, Edward H Annville 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 51 

Snavely, Henry Elias Lebanon 

Stager, William S Lebanon 

Strickler, Paul L Lebanon 

Uhrich, Clareuce H Hershey 

Urich, M. Josephine Annville 

Weidler, Russell M _ Coatesville 

Zimmerman, D. Ellis Annville 

SOPHOMORES 

Bachman, Catherine B Annville ' 

Bender, Harry Annville 

Blough, Gideon L • • Annville 

Bowman, Paul J Middletown 

Brightbill, Helen E Annville 

Eby , Ira Clyde Lebanon • 

Engle, Larene Hummelstown 

Engle, Ruth V Hummelstown 

Engle, Ruth E Palmyra 

Gibble, Phares B Annville 

Houser, Ethel I Baltimore, Md. 

Irwin, Mary L Harrisburg 

Jamison, Verling W Annville 

Jones, John O Paradise 

Leister, J. Maurice Cocolamus 

Lerew, John W ..Dillsburg 

Lyter, Thomas B 1 . . . . Harrisburg 

Mentz, Florence C York 

Meyer, May Elizabeth _ Annville 

Miller, Luther M Jfc . Lebanon 

Ness, John H Yoe 

Ole wiler , Howard L York 

Orris, May Belle Steelton 

Schmidt, Carl F Lebanon 

Snavely, Carl G Danville 

Statton, Philo A Hagerstown, Md. 

Stengle, Faber E .' v Oberlin 

Stickel, Ralph Waynesboro 

Van Schaack, Frank M Harrisburg 

Walter, J. Allen Lebanon 

Young, David E Manheim 



52 BULLETIN 

FRESHMEN 

Black, Violet Blanche Annville 

Blauch, Victor R Annville 

Brenneman, C. E Windsor 

Byrd, Pauline Windsor 

Carl, William C Tower City 

Curry, Conrad C Swatara 

Daugherty, Mary L Columbia 

Deitzler, C.J Fredericksburg 

Ernst, Ira Sankey Hagerstown, Md. 

Evans, David J Lykens 

Gingrich, Ruth Agnes Lebanon 

Gonder, Ralph Lykens 

Gruber, E. Viola Campbelltown 

JIartz, Robert E . Palmyra 

Heintzelman, Esther Chambersburg 

Heintzelman, S. Huber Chambersburg 

Holzinger, Chas. H Lancaster 

Krause, Alfred B Lebanon 

Long, D. Mason Annville 

Long, John Abner Annville 

Light, Edward S Lebanon 

Mathias, Josephine S Highspire 

McNelly, Willis Pottstown 

Moyer, Esther K Hershey 

Myers, Vera Longsdorf 

Renn, S. Hope Middletown 

Rine, Sedic S Port Treverton 

Shaud, Albert G Annville 

Sheply, C. Lawrence Harrisburg 

Snyder, Addie Ethel Lebanon 

Snyder, Lester Franklin R'ed Lion 

Spayd, Mary A Annville 

Ulrich, Violet May Annville 

Wareheim, Esther Baltimore, Md. 

Weaver, Alvin L Annville 

Whiskeyman, Ruth Annville 

Witmever, Paul Annville 

Zuse, Clayton H Myersville, Md. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 53 

SPECIAL STUDENTS 

Dayhoff, Van Buren Steelton 

Detter, B. F Williamstown 

Goss, Myra Palmyra "*> 

Hariston, Frank D Oberlin [/V 

Hershey, Irene Progress 

Keboch, F. D Hershey 

Kirkpatrick , Elmer A Harrisburg 

Kreider, Emma M Lebanon 

Mickey, Earl William : . . Harrisburg 

Oyler, Helen Chambersburg 

Pell, Thomas ; Lykens 

Pugh, L- L Annville 

Von Bereghy , Marcel Harrisburg 

Total in College 122 

ORATORY STUDENTS 

Clark, Pauline Hershey 

Kreider, Howard Annville 

Kreider, Elizabeth Annville 

Kreider, Mary Annville 

Leitheiser, Margaret Hershey 

McGowan, Jennie Lebanon 



Total in Oratory Department 6 

Students matriculated in other departments who receive instruction 

in Oratory 15 

Total receiving instruction in Oratory 21 



54 BULLETIN 

Decrees Conferred June, 1912 

MASTER OF ARTS 

Rev. D. D. Buddinger Rev. I. Moyer Hershey 

Rev. E. O. Burtner Rev. Harry E. Miller 

Rev. Hiram F. Rhoad 

DOCTOR OF SCIENCE 

John E. Lehman, A. M. 

BACHELOR OF ARTS 

Arthur S. Beckley Ira D. Lowery 

Oliver Butterwick Virginia Miller 

Earle H. Carmany Josiah F. Reed 

Samuel O. Grimm Chester E. Rettew 

Claire F. Harnish Esther N. Schell 

Forest S. Hensel Nellie Seltzer 

John W. Ischy Charles C. Smith 

Donald C. Keister N. B. S. Thomas 

Edna R. Kilmer Paul M. Vogt 

Lizzie A. Lau Helen L. Weidler 

Titus J. Leibold Charles G. White 

Carrie S. Light Guy Wingerd 



Lebanon Valley Academy 



Preparatory School 

OF 

Lebanon Valley College 






FOUNDED 1866 



ANNVILLE, PA. 



56 BULLETIN 



SCHOOL CALENDAR 



1912-1913 

1912 

September 9-10, Monday and Tuesday, Registration and classification of 

students. 
September n, Wednesday, Fall term begins at 8:45 a. m. 
November 27, Wednesday, Thanksgiving recess begins at 4:00 p. m. 
December 2, Monday, Thanksgiving recess ends 8:45 a. in. 
December 20, Friday, Fall term ends 4:00 p. m. 

1913 
January 2, Thursday, Winter term begins 12 in. 
January 20-24, Mid-year examinations. 
Februar3'22, Saturday, Washington's Birthday. 
March 19, Wednesday, Winter term ends 4:00 p. m. 
March 26, Wednesday, Spring term begins 8:45 a. m. 
June 7, Saturday, Commencement 7:45 p. m. 



1913-1914 

I9 T 3 
September 8-9, Monday and Tuesday, Registration and classification of 

students. 
September 10, Wednesday, Fall term begins 8:45 a. m. 

Academy study period 7 p. m. 
November 26, Wednesday, Thanksgiving recess begins 4 p. m. 
December 1, Monday, Thanksgiving recess ends 8:45 a. m. 
December 19, Friday, Fall term ends. 

1914 
January 5, Monday, Winter term begins. 
January 19-23, Mid-year examinations. 
March 18, Winter term ends. 
March 25, Spring term begins. 
June 6, Saturday, Commencement. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 57 

The Faculty 



SAMUEL O. GRIMM, B. Pd., A. B. 

Principal 



Assistant Principal 

FLORENCE BOEHM 

Drawing 



CLARA KEE HORNE 

Mathematics 

EDNA E. YARKERS 
History 

FLORENCE E. CLIPPINGER 

English 

GEORGE A. WILLIAMS 
Latin 

BOAZ G. LIGHT 

Physical Geography 

WILLIAM S. STAGER 

Mathematics 



5 8 BULLETIN 

Historical 

Lebanon Valley Academy was established in 1866. For forty-seven 
years it has cherished the ideals of full and accurate scholarship, and the 
development of character that fits one for the largest service to society. 
From its inception, college preparatory work has been its main purpose 
but its curriculum has been well adapted to the needs of those who have 
entered immediately into practical life or professional study. 



Buildings 

During the past year the historic Academy Building has been com- 
pletely remodeled at an expense of about $3000 and is now devoted en- 
tirely to the use of the Academy. The Academy building is now an 
imposing three story structure facing Main street in the beautiful town 
of Annville and to the rear is the large college campus. The building 
is electrically lighted and heated by steam. It is provided with hot and 
cold water, shower baths and all modern conveniences. On the first 
floor are found the principal's office, general assembly room and recep- 
tion room; on the second and third floors are provided the principal's 
apartments and accommodations for twenty-eight boys as well as a 
Society Hall. 



Examinations 

Examinations are held at the close of each half year. Other exami- 
nations will be held whenever the completion of a subject warrants such 
examination. At this time reports are sent to parents and guardians. 
More frequent reports are sent when requested by parents. In the 
Academy records, A, signifies excellent; B, very good; C, fair; D, low 
but passing; E, conditioned; F, repeat in class. An "E" record may 
be removed by a test on any part of the course in which the record is 
poor. For such test a fee of one dollar is charged. An "F" may not 
be removed by a special examination. 

For special tests, given on work not completed because of absence 
or otherwise, a fee of one dollar is charged. For special examinations 
a fee of two dollars is charged. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 59 

Admission 

The applicant should be at least twelve years of age. While no 
entrance examination is required it is expected that the applicant shall 
have completed the ordinary common school branches. 

Each student should bring with him a certified statement of work 
done in the school last attended. Blanks for such certification will be 
provided by the school. Tentative credit will be given for work thus 
certified, and the student will be permitted to take up his work as near 
as possible where he left off, but any previous work found to be unsat- 
isfactory will have to.be repeated. 

Students will be received at any time, but in general it is to the 
student's advantage to enter in September, or less preferably at the be- 
ginning of the second Semester. However, the applicant usually finds 
enough work if he enters at any time. 

Supervision 

All students except day students are required to room in the Aca- 
demy building where they are under the constant supervision of the 
principal. Thus they not only profit by such personal supervision, but 
they have opportunities for help and encouragement not possible to 
other students. Furthermore, living in an atmosphere of activity and 
application to work, the student can apply himself more effectively to 
his own work. 

Association with boys from other sections, with boys of more ex- 
perience, will necessarily enlarge the horizon of the boy who has al- 
ways lived within limited territory and will increase his breadth of vision 
and augment his usefulness in a larger life than he could otherwise have 
known. 

Discipline 

The institution has very few rules and regulations. Nothing is re- 
quired but that which is necessary for the smooth progress of the school 
and for the attainment of the best work from students. Our endeavor 
is to encourage industry knowing that then occasions for discipline will 
seldom occur. The system is intended to teach boys and girls so that 
they may be able to care for themselves when they enter college or 
enter the fields of industrial or social activity. We extend no encour- 
agement to the student who has vicious habits and is not inclined to be 
law abiding. 



60 BULLETIN 

Graduation 

Any student who has completed fifteen units of work as outlined in 
the courses of study, provided that he has completed three units of 
Mathematics, three units of English, three units of German, one unit of 
Science, and one unit of History, shall he entitled to the school diploma. 
If the candidate desires to enter Lebanon Valley College he shall ar- 
range bis work to meet the entrance requirements for the several courses. 

Students having completed only a partial course will be given cer- 
ificates for such work upon request. 

Expenses 

Matriculation, Physical Culture and Athletics $10.00 

Tuition, per Year 50.00 

For twenty-four hours or less the tuition is $50. Each additional 
hour per semester, or half year, $ 1.50. 

Children of ministers are required to pay one-half regular tuition. 

When two members of the same family attend school at the same 
time, a reduction often per cent from the tuition charge is allowed. 

All students taking the work in the Academy are required to pay a 
special Publication and Christian Work fee of $2. In consideration of 
the payment of the above the students receive the "College News" 
and the privileges of the Christian Associations. 

LABORATORY FEES 

Elementary Physics, per semester $3.00 

Elementary Chemistry, per semester 4.00 

Biology 4.00 

BOARDING 

Regular students are charged fe.50 per week or $133 per year if 
paid in advance. 

Five-day students are charged $2.50 per week (fifteen meals) or $95 
per year if paid in advance. 

Day students may obtain meal tickets at the rate of twenty-five 
cents per meal if paid in advance. 

The authorities prefer that all students who room in the Academy 
Building should board at the Dining Hall. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 61 

ROOM RENT 

The rates in the Academy Building when rooms are taken for one 
person only, range from $15 to $50 per year. When two or more stu- 
dents occupy one room the rates range from $10 to $35 for each student 
per year. 

A deposit fee of $2 is required from each student who occupies a 
room in the Academy Building. 

Every student is charged with the furnishings of the room at the 
opening of the school year, and if the furniture and room and halls are 
in good condition when the studeuts vacate a portion or all of the de- 
posit is returned. 

The minimum expenditure in the Academy for one year may be as 
follows: Boarding $1^33; Tuition #50; Room Rent $10; Matriculation, 
Physical Culture and Athletics $10; Publication and Christian work fee 
$2. Deposit fee $2, a portion of which may be returned. These items 
aggregate $207, less $5 if entire amount is paid in advance, which makes 
the minimum expenditure in the Academy $202. This estimate does 
not include Books, Society and Club dues, nor does it include personal 
expenses and luxuries. 

Ten per cent will be added to all payments that are deferred more 
than ten days after the time when the installments are due. 

These rates are fixed by special act of the Board of Trustees. Fail- 
ure to pay a bill before another falls due will exclude a student from 
classes and the privileges of the Academy. 

The regular Academy expenses are divided into four installments, 
and students are required to pay each installment in advance. One-fifth 
of the expenses is due at the opening of the school year; one-fifth, 
November 1; three-tenths, January 5 and three-tenths, March 27. 

No reduction will be made for tuition and room-rent, for a semes- 
ter, except for protracted sickness. In case of long continued illness, 
the loss is shared equally by the Academy and the student. 

No reduction will be made for table board, for an absence of less 
than one week, and then only in case of sickness, or important duties 
that compel the student to be absent from his Academy work. Reduc- 
tions cannot be allowed for banquet trips, or club trips, or athletic 
trips. 

Students jre required to furnish their own towels, napkins, soap, 
and all bed furnishings, except mattresses. 

Any student who receives beneficiary aid from the institution, may 
be called upon to render service for all or part of the aid so received. 



62 BULLETIN 

Opportunity for self-help is extended to a limited number of stu- 
dents in the Academy, who may serve as waiters or janitors. In each 
of service is thirty-eight weeks. Close case the term application is 
required to the work assigned. Neglect of duty is sufficient cause for 
the removal of the student from the position. 

Description of Courses 

A unit represents a year's study in any subject and is reckoned to 
be a quarter of the entire amount of work required of each student. 
However, the four years of English aggrigate but three units. 

For graduation fifteen units are required. The following courses 
are required of all applicants. 

Latin a, b and c 3 units 

English a, b, c and d 3 units 

Mathematics a, a-2, c and b or d 2^ units 

History 1 unit 

Science 1 unit 

Foreign Language 2 units 

Total 12^ units 

The remaining 2^ units may be chosen from the following list. 

Outline of Courses 

FIRST YEAR 

Latin a Beginner's Latin 3 hours 

English a English Grammar and Classics 4 hours 

Mathematics a Advanced Arithmetic 4 hours 

Mathematics a-2 First Year Algebra 5 hours 

tScience a Physical Geography 4 hours 

f Drawing 4 hours 

SECOND YEAR 

Latin b Csesar and Composition 4 hours 

English b Rhetoric and Classics 4 hours 

Mathematics c Plane Geometry 4 hours 

tmsloryS } Ancient History 4 hours 

fGeometrical Drawing 3 hours 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 63 

THIRD YEAR 

Latin c Cicero and Composition 4 hours 

English c American Literature and Classics 4 hours 

German a Beginner's German 4 hours 

Science cl» f Biology ) . 

Science e J \ Elementary Chemistry / 4 nours 

fHistory b English History 4 hours 

SENIOR YEAR 

Latin d } ( Virgil and Composition 4 hours 

German b j- ** 1 Second Year German 4 hours 

Greek a j 1 First Year Greek 4 hours 

Science d Elementary Physics 4 hours 

English d College Entrance Requirements 4 hours 

Mathematics d \^ < Solid Geometry , \ , 

Mathematics b J - - * \ Second Year A'lgebra j 4 nours 

History a American History and Civics 4 hours 

fElective 

*Required for graduates in Scientific Course. 

**Choose one. 



64 BULLETIN 

DESCRIPTION OF COURSES 



English 

a-1. English Grammar — Advanced. First Semester. Four hours. 

This course is required of all pupils who have not had High School 
Grammar. Weekly themes are required. Reading: Irving's Sketch 
Book and Cooper's The Last of the Mohicans. 

a-2. Composition and Rhetoric— Secoud Semester. Four hours. 

Herrick and Damon's New Composition and Rhetoric. 

Theme work based on experience and assignments for reading. 
Reading: Scott's Ivanhoe, Colridge's The Ancient Mariner, Shakes- 
peare's The Merchant of Venice, Scott's Marmion. 

b. Composition and Rhetoric — Throughout the year. One hour. 

Herrick and Damon's New Composition and Rhetoric. 

Reading and Practice — Throughout the year. Three hours. 

George Eliot's Silas Marner, Shakespeare's As You Like It, Addi- 
son's and Steele's The Decoverl)- Papers, Dickens' A Tale of Two 
Cities, Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress, Goldsmith's The Deserted Village, 
Goldsmith's The Vicar of Wakefield. 

c. American Literature — Throughout the year. One hour. 
Newcomer's American Literature, Rhetoric Continued. 
Reading and Practice — Two hours. 

Oral reading and careful study of Franklin's Autobiography, Haw- 
thorne's The House of Seven Gables, Hawthorne's Twice Told Tales, 
Shakespeare's Julius Caesar, Tennyson's Idyll's of the King, Longfel- 
low's Narrative Poems, Poe's Poems and Tales, Whittier's Snowbound. 

Composition. One hour. 

Weekly themes required. 

d. Composition and Rhetoric — Throughout the year. One hour. 
Herrick aud Damon's New Composition and Rhetoric concluded. 

Weekly themes required. 

English Literature — One hour. 

Newcomer's English Literature. 

Reading and Practice — Critical study of the English classics pre- 
scribed for College entrance and oral readings. 

Shakespeare's Macbeth, Milton's Minor Poems, Tennyson's The 
Princess, Washington's Farewell Address, Webster's Bunker Hill Oration, 
Carlyle's Essay on Burns. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 65 

Latin 

The following Latin courses are arranged in accordance with the 
College Entrance Requirements. 

Latin a — Beginners' Latin — Throughout the year. Five hours. 
One unit. 

Pearson's Essentials of Latin is completed. Special emphasis is 
placed on the memorizing and classification of grammatical forms. 
Constant practice in turning short sentences into Latin illustrating the 
fundamental rules of Syntax is required. 

Latin b — Caesar — Throughout the year. Four hours. One unit. 

Caesar's Gallic Wars, Books: I, IV. Thirty-six lessons in composi- 
tion based on the text with as much sight reading as possible is requir- 
ed. Allen and Greenough's Latin Grammar. 

Latin c — Cicero — Throughout the year. Four hours. One unit. 

Cicero's Manilian Law, Catiline I-IV, and Pro Archais. D'Oge's 
Latin Composition. Allen and Greenough's Latin Grammar. 

Latin d — Virgil — Throughout the year. Four hours. One unit. 

Virgil's Aeneid I-VI, Bennett's Latin Composition, Allen and 
Greenough's Latin Grammar. 

Latin a, b and c are required for admission to the scientific courses 
in Lebanon Valley College. Latin a, b, c and d are required for admis- 
sion to the Classical and Modern Language Courses of Lebanon Valley 
College. 

History 

History a. — Throughout the year. Four hours. One unit. 

Americau History and Civics. Detailed Study of American History 
with special attention to the History of the United States. The latter 
part of the year will be devoted to a consideration of national, state and 
county government. 

This course is required of all candidates for graduation. 

History b — Throughout the year. Four hours. One unit. 

Walker's Essentials of English History. Offered 1914-1915. 

History c and d— Throughout the year. Four hours. One unit. 

Ancient History with special reference to Greek and Roman History 
and including a short introductory study of the more ancient nations 
and the chief events of the early middle ages, down to the death of 
Charlemagne. Offered I9i3~i9[4. 



66 BULLETIN 

German 

a — Beginning German — Four hours. Throughout the year. One 

unit. 

Bacon's German Grammar, and the reading of 75 to 100 pages of 
graduated texts. Frequent reproduction from memory of sentences 
previously read. 

b — Second Year German — Four hours. Throughout the year. One 
unit. 

Oral and written reproduction of the matter read in easy variations. 

From 150 to 200 pages of literature are selected from the following 
list: Heyse's L'Arrabbiata; Hillern's Hoher als die Kirche; Storm's 
Immensee; Leander's Traumerien; Zschokke's Der Zerbrochene Krug; 
Wilhelmi's Einer muss heiraten; Baumbach's Der Schwiegersohn. 

Mathematics 

Mathematics a — Arithmetic. Half year. Four hours. One-half 
unit. 

Rapid but thorough review of all the fundamental processes. 
Special drill in fractions, mensuration, percentage, the metric system 
and modern business forms. Hamilton's Arithmetic. 

Mathematics a-2 — Throughout the year. Four hours. One unit. 

Beginners' Algebra to quadratics. Hawkes, Luby and Touton's 
First Course in Algebra. 

Mathematics b — Intermediate Algebra. Half year. One half unit. 

Second year Algebra. This course must be offered for graduation 
by all candidates who do not offer Solid Geometry. 

Mathematics c — Plane Geometry. Five hours. One unit. 

Durell's New Plane and Solid Geometry. Taught largely from the 
standpoint of the original problems. 

This course is required for graduation. 

Mathematics d — Solid Geometry. Half year. One-half unit. 

Durell's Solid Geometry. 

Courses a, a-2, c, and either b or d are required for graduation. 

Science 

Science a — Physical Geography. Half year. Four hours. One- 
half unit. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 67 

Dryer's Physical Geography. The Earth as a Globe, the Ocean, 
the Atmosphere, the Land, plains, plateaus, mountains, volcanoes, 
rivers, glaciers, geological formations and ages. 

A summary of the relation of man, plants, and animals to climate, 
land forms, and oceanic areas. 

Science c — Biology One semester. One-half unit. 

An introductory consideration of the laws which apply to both an- 
imals and plants, and those principles which co-ordinate and correlate 
them. Conn's Biology. 

Science d — Elementary Physics. Throughout the year. One unit. 

Three hours recitation and two hours laboratory work per week. 

Mechanics of solids, liquids and gases, heat, magnetism, electricity. 

No previous knowledge of Physics is required for admission to this 
course. 

Carhart and Chute's High School Physics. Sixty experiments as 
outlined in the National Physics Note Book Sheets are required iu the 
laboratory. 

Science e— Elementary Chemistry. Half year. One-half unit. 

Two hours recitation and four hours laboratory work. 

The aim of the course is to present Chemistry to the beginner in 
such a way as to enable him to grasp the fundamental principles and to 
help him to secure a working knowledge of the Science in the labora- 
tory. 

First Principles of Chemistry by Brownlee and others, and Labora- 
tory exercises accompaning same. 

Drawing 

Free Hand Drawing — Half year. Four hours. One-half unit. 

Geometrical Drawing— Half year. Four hours. One-half unit. 

Drawing of geometrical figures, reconstruction of figures to a given 
scale, construction of scales to any given unit, projection of plane and 
solid figures, etc. 

Morris' Geometrical Drawing. 

Sub-Preparatory Course 

Sometimes students of mature age come to us not fully prepared to 
enter the Academy. They have for various reasons attended school for 
but a short time and find it embarassing to enter the public schools 



68 BULLETIN 

with scholars so much younger than themselves. For these we make 
special provision whenever occasion demands. However, at least six- 
teen hours of regular Academy work is required. 

Election of Studies 

There is considerable room for election of courses that have a 
special value to students intending to specialize. 

The Principal advises students what subjects are fundamental to 
professional and engineering courses. 

Facts to be Considered 

Although Academy students enjoy a number of the same features 
as college students, such as the use of an extended library, laboratories, 
the same socialprivileges, literary exercises, debates, Christian Associ- 
ations, etc., they are in many respects an entirely separate student 
body with their own interests, and conducting tbeir own literary so- 
ciety and athletics. 

Scholarship 

A one hundred and thirty dollar scholarship is awarded each year 
to the Academy graduate who has, according to the vote of the Faculty, 
attained the best class record and deported himself in accordance with 
the regulations. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 69 

Students 

Albright, Isaac H Middletowti 

Arndt, Raymond H ...Columbia 

Attinger, Frank S Port Treverton 

Bacastow, Irwin O Palmyra 

Bachman, Clayton W. . Lebanon 

Bachman, John Palmyra , 

Basehore, David B . .Hummelstown 

Bleuchard, Anna Lebanon 

Bowberger, Joseph W Annville 

Brooks, Oliver R. . . . Annville 

Brubaker, Gerald New Holland 

Canoles, W. E Freeland, Md. 

Dearolf , Abram Pottstown 

Dehuff , G. A Royersford 

Dabble,- Anna I Myerstown 

Engle, Allen B Palmyra 

Fake, Norman I Annville 

Fernsler , Esther Palmyra 

Hallman, George W Pottstown 

Haverstock, George M New Cumberland 

Heisey, Lemuel Palmyra 

Herr, Nathan I Annville 

Hetrick, Herman E... Union Deposit 

Hoff er, Irwin S 

Hoffer, Russel E Hummelstown 

Hoffman, Peter Charles Reading 

Krenz, Oscar Ellsworth Dillsburg 

Leister, Lahman I Cocolamus 

Light, Mark Y. .- Lebanon 

Lynch, Clyde A Harrisburg 

Mackert, C. L Danville 

McCann, C. Howard Freeland, Md. 

McClure, Robert P Dillsburg 

Medsger, Abner D Pittsburg 

Mentzer, Harry M Denver 

Merediz, Ramon Aviles, Spain 

Meyer, Allen B Annville 

Miller, Ray G Annville 

Miller, Edward Annville 



70 BULLETIN 

Mowery, John D Chatnbersburg 

Mulhollen, Oscar C Wilmore 

Oakes, John W Pottstown 

Risser, Harold W Campbelltown 

Scha effer , Harry E Annville 

Snyder, Mabel E Lebanon 

Spitler, Harry D Lebanon 

Weaver, Cleason J Dillsburg 

Weaver, Elta M Annville 

Wine, C. Harold Wilmington, Del. 

Wisner, J. Arthur Upperco, Md. 

Wrightstone, Harold K Mechanicsburg 



Total in Academy 51 

Students matriculated in other departments who receive instruction 

in the Academy 22 

Total receiving instruction in the Academy 73 



Diplomas Presented June 8, 1912 

Gideon L. Blouch Robert E. Hartz 

Jonathan C. Dietzler J. Maurice Leister 

Ira S. Ernst William W. McConnel 

Esther E. Fernsler Vera F. Myers 

Phares B. Gibble Sedic S. Rine 

E. Viola Gruber Caroline C. Shoop 
Virginia C. Shoop 

LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE SCHOLARSHIP AWARD 

Phares B. Gibble 



Conservatory of Music 
and Art 






^ y 



73 



72 BULLETIN 



Faculty 



E. EDWIN SHELDON, Mus. M. 
Pianoforte, Pipe Organ, Counterpoint 



IDA MANEVAL SHELDON, Mus. B. 
Pianoforte, Harmony, Ear Training 



GERTRUDE KATHERINE SCHMIDT 
Voice, Musical History, 



ORA BELLE BACHMAN 
Pianoforte 



PH1LO A. STATTON 
Violin 



FLORENCE S. BOEHM 
Painting, Drawing 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 73 

Location and Equipment 

The Engle Music Hall is a handsome three-story stone structure. 
It contains a fine auditorium with large pipe organ, director's room, 
studios, practice rooms, waiting and writing room for students' use, 
large society rooms, lavatories etc. The whole building is lighted by 
electricity, and heated by steam, and designed and furnished with a 
view to having it complete in every respect for the study of music in all 
its branches. A complete music education from the very first steps to 
the highest artistic excellence may be secured. The director will use 
every effort to obtain positions for those students who have finished the 
courses, and who may wish to teach or perform in public. 

Object 

The department has for its object, the foundation and diffusion of 
a high and thorough musical education. The methods used are those 
followed by the leading European conservatories. The courses are 
broad, systematic, progressive, and as rapid as possible and the conser- 
vatory offers the means for a complete education in musical art at a 
moderate cost. 

Description of Courses 

I. PIANOFORTE 

The course in Pianoforte is divided into five divisions; Sub-Fresh- 
man, Freshman, Sophomore, Junior and Senior. 

The course marked out, must, however, necessarily be varied ac- 
cording to the ability and temperament of the pupil. Many works must 
be studied by all, but there is much that may be essential for one stu- 
dent and not at all necessary for another. Individual instruction only 
is given. 

A system of technics is used that is in line with the most approved 
methods. Special attention is paid to the development of a true legato 
touch and a clear, smooth technique. The use of the pedal so much 
neglected is emphasized. At the same time expression and interpre- 
tion are not neglected. Technical and theoretical ability are worthless, 
except as it enables the performer to bring out the beauties and mean- 
ing of the composer. 

By a recent act of the Executive Board arrangements were made for 



74 BULLETIN 

a teacher to give instruction to children and others in the elementary 
grades of the pianoforte course at a cost within the reach of all. This 
work will be carried on according to the methods in use in the leading 
Conservatories. 

For such instruction, the rate of tuition will be thirty-five cents per 
lesson. This enrollment as a regular student of the Conservatory will 
entitle the student to all privielges of the institution. The advantages 
to be derived from appearing in recital classes, receiving instruction in 
stage deportment, as well as opportunities for hearing and associating 
with other music students, are certain to act as incentives to better, 
more conscientious work. 

Memorizing music is required of all students. It is a great acqui- 
sition to be able to perform a number of selections from memory. 

Sight Reading — This, although to a certain extent a natural gift, 
can be greatly improved by systematic work. One who can read well 
has all music at his command, while a poor reader has but the few 
pieces which may have been learned. 

Practice — Special effort is made to teach pupils how to practice. 
Difficult places are pointed out and the students are taught how to learn 
them in the quickest and most thorough manner. Quality is of more 
value than quantity in practice. 

Ensemble Playing — It is impossible to overestimate the value of 
thorough training in duet, trio and quartette playing. Students are 
given drill in these as well as in accompaniment playing. 

II.— VOCAL MUSIC 

The basis of all music studies should be vocal music. Singing de- 
velopes the musical ear and leads to a discernment of tone color without 
which the fundamental principles of technique and touch on the piano- 
forte cannot be obtained. 

The method used is largely that of the Italian schools, but no one 
method is employed exclusively. The development of a pure tone and 
an easy and natural control of the voice in singing is the end which is 
sought. Correct breathing, intonation, attack, legato, accent, phrasing 
and pronunciation are features of technical drill. At the same time 
naturalness and an artistic style of singing are constantly urged upon 
the student. 

III. -THE ORGAN 

The churches of our country are making an increasing demand for 
well trained organists. The organ is no longer looked upon as an in- 
strument solely for accompaniments and church use, but has taken its 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 75 

place among solo instruments and gained a distinct recognition from 
the music-loving public. 

A large field, therefore, is open to the student of the Organ. The 
work as outlined aims to provide a thorough training in all that per- 
tains to a mastery of the organ for church or concert use. A two-man- 
^ual Moller pipe organ is used in the Conservatory. 

IV.— THE VIOLIN 

Among the stringed instruments, the Violin stands as one of the 
oldest and has always been admired for its beautiful and thrilling strains. 

The musical possibilities within the compass of the violin are mar- 
velous and unexcelled by any other instrument. The best artists of the 
olden and modern times were skillful on the violin, and it appeals to 
those of the finest musical taste today. 

Nowhere in English literature do we find a nobler or more glowing 
tribute to the violin than is the little poem penned by our own immor- 
tal "Autocrat" where he places the violin among the highest order of 
musical instruments. 

V.- THEORETICAL MUSIC 

Theoretical studies are essential to rapid and comprehensive sight 
reading and to excellence in the higher grades of music. Good pedal- 
ing depends on a knowledge of harmony, and memorizing is greatly 
facilitated by it. 

An intelligent insight into the foundation, upon which rests the art 
of music, gives interest to the pupils in their playing and singing and 
makes them musicians, as well as performers. 



Recitals 

Students' Thursday Evening Recitals — At least twice each term a 
recital is given in which students, who have been prepared under the 
supervision of the instructors, take part. These recitals furnish incen- 
tives to study and experience in public performance. . 

Students' Recital Class — Students who are not sufficiently advanced 
to appear in the Thursday Evening Recitals are given experience in 
public performance in the Students' Recital Class. These classes are 
not open to the public. Rules governing Concert Deportment are 
brought to the attention of the students and each performer shown what 
is expected of him or her when before an audience. The result is a 



76 BULLETIN 

smoother and more satisfactory appearance in the Evening Recitals 
when assigned to such work. 

Artist Recitals — Not less important than the daily class room work 
is the opportunity afforded students of hearing the representative works 
of the great masters performed by artists of recognized ability of this 
and foreign countries. These recitals have met with much favor and 
enthusiasm among the students and citizens. 

Senior Recitals — Each candidate for graduation shall give a public 
recital during; the last vear. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 



77 





• M 


rf> 1/) O 




CM CM 


<~o 




«N 


<N 


"* 





M (S ">*■ M O 






r* 


H 






m 










H 


H 






a 


























a 




rj 






G 










G 






cd 




cd 






cd 










cd 




§ 




t^ 


bjo 




>-. 


bfl 




a 




>1 


60 CK 




Pd 
B 


o 

1) 


'cd 


O 
11 


CJ 


'5 




CU 









'cd 


Pipe O 

erpoint 

al) 

urs dail 




o 


a. 

£ 


^ en 




cd t-. 


en 

G 


£ 




en 

G 




en 

lH 

G 




z 

CO 




o o 




X) O 


O 




bo 

c 

'S 

'a 
u 

H 


g 







^ « M O 




01 

^ s 
o a 
> 2 


In * 

5 * t 

S « .2 


.y g 
> 

d> 


-s 

G ,-h 
O cd 

S -2 




cu 

•s-s 

> 

d> 


G 
cd 

O 


cd 

G 
cd 
G 


cu 

CJ 


0, Voice 
Violin 
ble Cour 
lior Reci 
t Playin 
tice, 4 h 






S Wc 


a m y 


G »- 


m y 


G u 


cd 

B 




CJ 


a u a » fl u 






cd O 


o?2 

Ph B Oh 


cd 

£ 


S G 


„ cd 

G tn 
B Ph 


cd C 

£ 


H 


CJ 

e 


cd 

kH 

Ph 


S ° $ w> 2 

Ph Q Ci CO Ph 






„ 


rQ to O 


H 


CM CM 


CO O 


M 


(N 


N 


t 


O 


w H Ki CN H O 






2 


HH 






M 










t-t 


M 






,rj 


























* a 




a 






G 










a 




§ 
Ph 
B 

H 

b 


cd 
bo 

o 

CU 


>1 

"cd 


cd 
fcJ3 

O 

CU 





'cd 
T3 


cd 
bjo 
u 
O 
cu 




a 

)H 

c 




'S 


no, Voice, Pipe Orga 

r Violin 

iple Counterpoint 

rmonic Analysis 

chology of Music 

ht Playing 

ctice, 4 hours daily 




2" 

£ 


^ tn 

>> rH 

o ° 


2" 
£ 


'5 

cd i? 

•a £ 


en 

Ih 

G 
O 


£ 




en 




en 
in 






H 


cu 

>^ 

d> 
C lH 


4= XI 

G •& O 

cd .2 -~ 

9 'So y 


■1.2 
> 

d> 

G in 


^ W 

G ^ 
O cd 

a ■" 


O 

3 . y 
"So y 


cu 

1.H 

> O 

d> 
G 1-, 


G 

c 
'3 

)H 

H 


G 
cd 

O 


cd 

G 
cd 

E 

u 

CJ 

O 


.G 
d 

CJ 








cd O 
£ 


O G 2 
Ph B Ph 


cd O 

s 


id G 


G £ 
B Ph 


cd O 

£ 


cd ^ 
B H 


cd 
u 

Ph 


cd G co g^ tuo g 

Ph CO * Ph CO Ph 






M 


m io o 


M 


O CM 


CO O 


M 


<M 


0» 


"H- 


O 


m w w M H O 






Ih 


H 






H 










HI 


H 






Xi 


























* G 




G 






c 










G 






cd 




cd 






cd 










cd 




§ 


bfl 


>, 


be 


cd 


>, 


bo 





G 
O 




>. 




CO 


o 


r^ 


O 


■T3 


O 


^ 


en 




r^ 


O t; 3 


h 



P4 


cu 


cd 
o 


cu 


G 
cu 


cd 

T3 


CJ 

a, 


CJ 


B 




cd 


s. t-a"! i 


en 

3 


H 


£ 


^ 2 

u G 


£ 


a b 


G 


£ 


cd 


CJ 
'tn 




G 


.5 Ch p^.^H en 

" u «.. G 


c 
^3 


t-T 




O O 




,g 


O 




J3 


G 




O 


Piano, Voice, 

or Violin 
Simple Count' 
Harmonic Am 
Psychology oi 
Sight Playing 
Practice, 4 ho 




B 


CD 

o a 
"o -^ 
> o 

d> 

G <H 

2 o 

£ 


Grecian Hist 
English b 
Practice, 4 h 


> O 

o> 

a u 

cd O 

£ 


S..a 
>> w 

G _ 
O cd 

c .y 

cd G 


•<* 



II 

B Ph 


CU 

.y g 
> 
d> 

G u 
cd 

£ 


a 
>, 

G 
O 

s 

CS 

X 


O 

)- 

O 

OJ 

ja 
H 


cd 

a 

cd 

6 

u 

CJ 




^3 

d 

CJ 

CJ 

cd 

Ph 


O 

cu 

.0 

s 

* 




ueaiqsajj 


ajouioqdos 




joxun 


r 




jouiag 





78 BULLETIN 

Conservatory students rooming in the dormitories are required to 
take not less than 15 hours work per week, one hour practice on piano 
or organ counting as one-half hour credit. 

Candidates for graduation in piano shall have taken at least three 
terms in voice or organ. For graduation in voice or violin the student 
shall have at least three terms in piano. For organ the Sophomore 
year is required. 

Certificates 

REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTIFICATES 
Complete course in pianoforte or in any of the other subjects, viz: 
voice, violin, harmony, theory, or history. 
Fee for certificate, $2.50. 

Degree 

REQUIREMENTS FOR DEGREE (Mus. B.) 
Candidates must already have taken a diploma including theoretical 

course outlined on page 77. 

Must have satisfactorily completed one year's work in Canon, 

Fugue and original composition. 
Fee for degree, $10.00. 

Tuition 

PIANO OR VOICE 

Fall term 2 lessons per week $21 75 

Fall term 1 lesson per week 1 1 25 

Winter term 2 lessons per week 15 75 

Winter term 1 lesson per week 8 25 

Spring term 2 lessons per week 15 75 

Spring term 1 lesson per week 8 25 

SENIOR AND JUNIOR YEARS 

Fall term .2 lessons per week 29 00 

Fall term 1 lesson per week 15 00 

Winter term 2 lessons per week 21 00 

Winter term 1 lesson per week 11 00 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 79 

Spring term 2 lessons per week 21 00 

Spring term 1 lesson per week 11 00 

SUB-FRESHMAN AND FRESHMAN PIANOFORTE 
Under Assistant Teachers 

Fall term 2 lessons per week $10 15 

Fall term 1 lessou per week 5 25 

Winter term 2 lessons per week 7 35 

Winter term 1 lesson per week 3 85 

Spring term 2 lessons per week 7 35 

Spring term 1 lesson per week 3 85 

PIPE ORGAN 

Fall term 2 lessons per week 2900 

Fall term 1 lesson per week 15 00 

Winter term 2 lessons per week 21 00 

Winter term 1 lesson per week n 00 

Spring term 2 lessons per week 21 00 

Spring term 1 lesson per week 1 1 00 

HARMONY, MUSICAL HISTORY, EAR TRAINING, THEORY OR 
PSYCHOLOGY OF MUSIC 

Fall term 2 lessons per week 10 00 

Winter or Spring term .... 2 lessons per week 8 00 

Private Lessons each 75 

COUNTERPOINT, CANON OR FUGUE 

Fall term 2 lessons per week 12 00 

Winter or Spring term .... 2 lessons per week 10 00 

SIGHT PLAYING OR STGHT SINGING 

Fall term 1 lesson per week 5 00 

Winter or Spring term . . . . 1 lesson per week 4 00 

A charge of seventy-five cents for Fall term and fifty cents for 
Winter or Spring term will be made for use of Sight Playing Musical 
Library. 

WINTER OH 
FALL TERM SPRING TERM 

For use of instruments: Piano, one hour 

per day $3 00 $2 50 

Each additional hour 1 50 1 25 

Pipe Organ, one hour per day 10 00 9 00 



So BULLETIN 

Students taking a full music course are charged a matriculation fee 
of $3.00 for the year, payable in advance. This fee entitles the student 
to all privileges of the College. 

Students taking piano, organ, or voice only are charged a matricu- 
lation fee of $ [.00, payable in advance. 

Pipe organ students must pay at the rate of 20 cents an hour for 
organ blower when motor is not in use. 

Fee for graduation diploma, $6 00. 

RULES AND REGULATIONS— No reduction is made for absence 
from the first two lessons of the term, nor for a subsequent individual 
absence. In case of long continued illness the lose is shared equally by 
the College and the student. 

All tuition is payable in advance. 

Pupils may enter at any time, but for convenience of grading, etc., 
the beginning of each term is the most desirable time. 

All sheet music must be paid for when taken. 

No pupil is allowed to omit lessons without a sufficient cause. 

Reports showing attendance, practice and improvement in grade, 
will be issued at the close of each term. 

For all further information as to any particular course, or combina- 
tion of courses, rooms, boarding, etc., address 

DIRECTOR OF THE CONSERVATORY, 

Lebanon Valley College, 

Annville, Pa. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 81 

Art Department 

FLORENCE S. BOEHM, INSTRUCTOR 

Course of Study for Certificate 

First Year — Drawing, sketching in pencil of various familiar ob- 
jects, and drawing from geometric solids, good examples of proportion 
and perspective, and the principles of light and shade. 

Painting— Flowers, fruit and leaves, models, casts and familiar ob- 
jects. Elementary original composition. 

Modeling — Fruit, vegetable forms and leaves from casts and na- 
ture; animals from the cast and prints. Elementary original composi- 
tion. 

Second Year — Charcoal drawing from casts. Painting in water 
colors and pastels from groups of still life, interiors, decorative subjects, 
flowers, draperies, and out-of-door sketching. 

Third Year — Sketching from life. Painting in oils from still life 
and nature. Wash drawings in ink, water color, historic ornament. 
Studies in color harmony. 

Teacher's Class — Principles and methods of drawing, modeling, 
blackboard drawing, lettering, brush work, sketching from life and 
water color. 

Saturday work is offered for teachers and children who cannot take 
work during the week. 

Keramics — Classes in china painting are instructed by the latest 
methods in conventional and naturalistic treatment. The china is fired 
in the institution, giving students an opportunity of learing how to fire 
their own china. 

Miniature — Miniature painting on ivory. 

Students who do not desire the certificate course may take special 
work along any line preferred. 

Expenses 

FALL WINTER SPRING 
TERM TERM TERM 

TUITION— One lesson a week jjSio oo, $800 $800 

Two lessons a week 16 00 12 00 12 00 

Children's beginning class 2 50 2 00 2 00 

Children's advanced class 4 00 3 00 3 00 

Special lessons 75 cents each. Matriculation Fee $1 00 



82 BULLETIN 

Conservatory of Music 

SENIORS 

Bachman, Ora Belle (Organ) Annville 

Behney, Myrl (Organ) Lebanon 

Heiudel, Veluia Lucretia (Piano) Red Lion 

JUNIORS 

Arnold, John Fred Lickdale 

Light, Mary Lydia Annville 

Painter, Mary Elizabeth Hershey 

SOPHOMORES 

Barnet, Leroy Clarence Middletown 

Bensing, Mabel May Lebanon 

Brandt, Dana Lebanon 

Ryland, Dora Ruth Cressona 

FRESHMEN AND SPECIALS 

Albright, Ruth Lebanon 

Botnberger, Alice May Palmyra 

Botts, George Frederick Elizabethville 

Bittner, Mrs. O. R Grantville 

Berger, Grace Lebanon 

Bruuner, Ruth Annville 

Davidson, Margaret Bellwood 

Denlinger, Edith Iutercourse 

Dubble, Anna Myerstown 

Ellis, Miriam Jonestown 

Frantz, Suzanne Lebanon 

Frantz, William Lebanon 

Grimm, Mrs. S. O Red Lion 

Gingrich, Edith M Annville 

Hammer, Ruth Penbrook 

Hammond, Nora Hagerstown, Md. 

Jones, Marguerite Lebanon 

Kershner, Maude Shoemakersville 

Kreider, Elizabeth Palmyra 

Landis, Edna Hershey 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 83 

Lerch, Christie Cleona 

Louser, Marie Lebanon 

Light, Katherine Annville 

Mark, Elizabeth M Annville 

Quigley, E. Ruth Red Lion 

Reist, Irving L Annville 

Snyder, Mabel Elizabeth Lebanon 

Smith, Ida S Lebanon 

Shanaman, Mabel Richland 

Silbermau, Dora Dorothy Lebanon 

Shaak , Tasie Avon 

Stauffer, Velma Palm3 7 ra 

Snyder, Vera Keedysville, Md. 

Turby , Myrle Palmyra 

Wittnan, H. John, Lebanon 

Witman, Naomi Lebanon 

Wengert, Sarah Cordelia Lebanon 



Total in Music Department 47 

Students matriculated in other departments who receive instruction 

in music 32 

Total receiving instruction in music 79 



84 



BULLETIN 



Art Students 



Baker, H. Maude Shippensburg 

Bombergt r, Mattie K Annville 

Bruuner, Cora Annville 

Christesou, Mary L Annville 

Helms, Sarah Lebanon 

Landis, W. Harold Palmyra 

Maulfair, Mary E Hershey 

Moore, Frances Palmyra 

Shenk, Esther Annville 

Shiff er, Hattie M Annville 

Spangler, Roy W Annville 

Stein, Catherine Annville 

Stein, Mary Annville 

Weaver, Mary Annville 

Wells, F. Joseph Hershey 

Zimmerman, Mary Lebanon 

Total in Art Department 16 

Students matriculated in other departments who receive instruction 

in Art 3 

Total receiving instruction in art 19 



INDEX 

Academy 55~7o 

Admission 59 

Courses 62-67 

Examinations 58 

Expenses 60 

Faculty 57 

Students in 69 

Advisers 14 

Agriculture 46 

Art Department 81 

Astronomy 41 

Bible 42 

Biology 42 

Board of Trustees 3 

Buildings and Grounds 10 

Calendar 2 

Carnegie Library 10 

Chemistry 45 

College Organizations 12 

Corporation 3 

Courses, College 

Outline of 29 

Description of 33~49 

Degrees Conferred 54 

Degrees and Diplomas 15 

Discipline , 14 

Economics 41 

Education 35 

English Language and Literature 39 

Expenses, College 16 

Academy 60 

Department of Music 78 

Department of Art 81 

Faculty, College 5 

Academy 57 

Department of Music 72 

French Language and Literature 37 



General Information 10 

German Language and Literature 38 

Graduate Work 15 

Greek Language and Lit erature 36 

Geology 46 

History 41 

History of the College 7 

Laboratories 11 

Latin Language and Literature 36 

Mathematics 40 

Music Department 74-80 

Courses 73 _ 78 

Oratory and Public Speaking 47 

Philosophy 33 

Physics 46 

Political Science 41 

Religious Work 11 

Register of Students, College 50 

Academy 69 

Department of Music 82 

Department of Art 84 

Requirements for Admisiiou, College 20-28 

Academy 59 

Scholarships 15, 28 

Sociology 41