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Full text of "Lebanon Valley College Catalog"

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BULLETIN 



OF 



Vol. II JANUARY, 1914 No. 2 



Forty-seventh Annual 
Catalogue 



Published by LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE, at 

Annville, Pa., in November, January, 

April, and May 




Entered as second-class matter December 12, 1913, at the Post Office at Annville, Pa., under the 

Act of August 24, 1912 




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BULLETIN 

OF 

Lebanon Valley College 



Vol. 2 January, 1914 No. 2 



CATALOGUE 
NUMBER 



PUBLISHED. BY 

LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

ANNVILLE, PA. 

In November, January, April and May 



CALENDAR 



19131914 

1913 
September 8-9, Examination and Registration of Students. 
September 10, Wednesday, College year began. 
November 21, Friday, Anniversary of Clionian Literary Society. 
November 27-28, Thanksgiving Recess. 
December 19, Friday, Christmas Recess began. 

1914 
January, 5, Monday, 1 p. m., Christmas Recess ended. 
January 19-23, Mid-year examinations. 
January 22, Thursday, Day of Prayer for Colleges. 
January 26, Monday, 7:45 a. m., Second Semester begins. 
February 8, Sunday, Day of Prayer for Students. 
March 18, 4:00 p. m., Spring Recess begins. 
March 25, 9:00 a. m., Spring Recess ends. 
April 3, Anniversary Kalozetean Literary Society. 
May 1, Anniversary Philokosmian Literary Society. 
May 27-28-29, Senior final examinations. 
May 30, Memorial Day. 
June 1-5, Final Examinations. 
June 6, 7:45 p. m., Academy Commencement. 

June 7, Sunday, 10:30 a. m., Baccalaureate Sermon by President G. D. 
Gossard, D.D. 

7:30 p. m., Address before the Christian Associations. 
June 8, Monday, 7:45 p. m., Exercises by the Graduating Classes in Music 

and Oratory. 
June 9, Tuesday, 9:00 a. m., Meeting of Board of Trustees. 

2:00 p. m., Class Day Exercises. 

7:45 p. m., Junior Oratorical Contest. 
June 10, Wednesday, 10:00 a. m., Forty-eighth Annual Commencement. 

1914-1915 

1914 
September 7-8, Examination and Registration of Students. 
September 9, Wednesday, 9:00 a. m., Instruction begins. 
November 20, Friday, Anniversary Clionian Literary Society. 
November 25, Wednesday, 4:00 p. m., Thanksgiving Recess begins. 
November 30, Monday, 9:00 a. m., Thanksgiving Recess ends. 
December 18, Friday, 4:00 p. m., Christmas Recess begins. 

1915 
January 4, Monday, 1:00 p. m., Christmas Recess ends. 
January 18-22, Mid-year Examinations. 
April 1, 4:00 p. m., Easter Recess begins. 
April 5, 4:00, p. m., Easter Recess ends. 
June 2, Forty-ninth Annual Commencement. 



THE CORPORATION 



BOARD OF TRUSTEES 

President G. D. Gossard, D.D., and Faculty, Ex-Officio 

Representatives from the Pennsylvania Conference 

Tkrm "Fxpires 

Rev. John W. Owen, A.M., D.D., Dayton, 0. 1914 

Rev. D. M. Oyer, A.B., Boiling Springs 1914 

S. H. Bowers, Lemoyne 1914 

George C. Snyder, Hagerstown, Md. 1914 

Rev. Wm. H. Washinger, A.M., D.D., Chambersburg 1915 

Rev. J. E. Kleffman, D.D., Baltimore, Md. 1915 

Rev. J. F. Snyder, Red Lion 1915 

Rev. A. A. Long, D.D., York 1916 

Rev. A. B. Statton, D.D., Hagerstown, Md. 1916 

W. O. Appenzeller, Chambersburg 1916 

Rev. L. Walter Lutz, A.B., Chambersburg 1916 



Representatives from the East Pennsylvania Conference 



Rev. D. D. Lowery, D.D., Harrisburg 

Rev. R. R. Butter wick, D.D., Mountville 

Rev. E. O. Burtner, A.M., Palmyra 

G. F. Breinig, Allentown 

I. B. Haak, Myerstown 

Dr. Seth A. Light, Lebanon 

M. S. Hendricks, Shamokin 

S. F. Engle, Palmyra 

Rev. D. E. Long, A.B., Annville 

Rev. H. E. Miller, A.M., Lebanon 

Hon. Aaron S. Kreider, Annville 

S. C. Snoke, Philadelphia 



1916 
1916 
1916 
1914 
1914 
1914 
1915 
1915 
1915 
1915 
1915 
1915 



Representatives from the Virginia Conference 

Rev. E. E. Neff, Reliance, Va. 1914 

Elmer Hodges, Winchester, Va. 1914 

Prof. J. N. Fries, Berkeley Springs, Va. 1914 

Rev. A. S. Hammack, D.D., Dayton, Va. 1915 

Rev. W. L. Gruver, D.D., Martinsburg, W. Va., 1915 

W. S. Secrist, Keyser, W. Va. 1915 

Trustees-at-Large — H. S. Immel, Esq., Mountville; Warren A. Thomas, 
Esq., 86 Latta Ave., Columbus, O.; A. J. Cochran, Esq., Dawson. 

Alumni Trustees— Prof. H. H. Baish, A.M., '01, Altoona; Rev. I. E. 
Runk, D.D., '99, Scottdale; Rev. A. K. Wier, A.B., '00, Steelton. 



OFFICERS AND COMMITTEES OF THE BOARD 



Officers 

President Rev. A. B. Statton, D.D. 

Vice President ..... Hon. A. S. Kreider 

Secretary and Treasurer .... Rev. W. H. Weaver 
Executive Committee 
Hon. A. S. Kreider W. H. Washinger 

S. F. Engle J. E. Kleffman 

A. S. Hammack 
Finance Committee 



G. C. Snyder 


H. H. Baish 


J. A. Lyter 


I. E. Runk 




Elmer Hodges 


Library and Apparatus Committee 


J. E. Lehman 


Elmer Hodges 


I. B. Haak 


D. M. Oyer 




Faculty Committee 


J. A. Lyter 


H. H. Baish 


A. B. Statton 


W. F. Gruver 




Auditing Committee 


S. F. Engle 


L. W. Lutz 




E. E. Neff 




Grounds and Buildings 


J. G. Stehman 


S. H. Bowers 


H. H. Shenk 


W. F. Gruver 




I. B. Haak 


Endowment Fund Committee 


D. D. Lowery 


W. H. Washinger 


Hon. A. S. Kreider J. E. Kleffman 


W. F. Gruver 


A. S. Hammack 




Farm Committee 


Hon. A. S. Kreider W. H. Washinger 




W. S. Secrist 




Publicity Committee 


H. H. Shenk 


H. H. Baish 


A. E. Shroyer 


F. B. Plummer 


* 


H. E. Miller 


Committee on Revision of By-Laws* 


J. A. Lyter 


A. B. Statton 


H. H. Baish 


W. F. Gruver 



•Special Committee 



FACULTY 



GEORGE DANIEL GOSSARD, D.D. 

President 

JOHN EVANS LEHMAN, A.M. Sc.D. 

Secretary, and Professor of Mathematics and Astronomy 

HIRAM HERR SHENK, A.M. 

Professor of History and Political Science 

SAMUEL HOFFMAN DERICKSON, M.S. 
Professor of Biological Sciences 

ALVIN E. SHROYER, B.D. 

Professor of Greek and Instructor in Bible 

HENRY E. WANNER, B.S. 

Registrar, and Professor of Chemistry 



FACULTY 



LUCY S. SELTZER, A.B. 

Professor of German 

FALBA L. JOHNSON, A.M., 
Dean of Women, and Professor of English 

ROBERT MacD. KIRKLAND, A.M. 

Josephine Bittinger Eberly Professor of Latin 
Language and Literature, and Professor of French 
Librarian 

SAMUEL O. GRIMM, B.Pd., A.B. 

Instructor in Physics 

MAY BELLE ADAMS 

Professor of Oratory and Public Speaking 

ROY J. GUYER, A.B., B.P.E. 

Physical Director 

CHARLES H. ARNDT 

Assistant in Biology 

HENRY E. SNAVELY 

Assistant in History 

PAUL L. STRICKLER 

Assistant in Physical Laboratory 

Rev. D. E. LONG, A.B. 

Field Secretary 

Mrs. VIOLETTE NISSLEY FREED 

Matron 

ANNA GARMAN 
Stenographer 



HISTORY OF THE COLLEGE 

Lebanon Valley College originated in the action of the East Penn- 
sylvania Conference of the United Brethren Church at its annual session 
held at Lebanon in March, 1865. Resolutions were passed deciding the 
question of establishing a higher institution of learning to be located with- 
in the bounds of the East Pennsylvania or of the Pennsylvania Conference. 
One year later the committee appointed recommended in its report: 
First, the establishment of a school of high grade under the supervision of 
the church; second, to accept for this purpose the grounds and buildings 
of what was then known as the Annville Academy, tendered as a gift to 
the Conference; and, third, to lease the buildings and grounds to a respon- 
sible party competent to take charge of the school for the coming year. 
School opened May 7, 1866, with forty-nine students. By the close of the 
collegiate year one hundred and fifty-one were enrolled, thus demonstrat- 
ing at once the need of such an institution in this locality and the wisdom 
of the founders. 

In April, 1867, the Legislature granted a charter with full university 
privileges under which a College Faculty was organized with Rev. Thomas 
Rees Vickroy, Ph.D., as president, and Prof. E. Benjamin Bierman, A.M., 
as principal of the Normal Department. The same year the Philokosmian 
Literary Society was organized by the young men, additional land was 
purchased and a large brick building erected thereon with chapel, recita- 
tion rooms, president's office, and apartments for sixty boarding students. 
The building was not furnished and fully occupied till the fall of 1868. 

The first regular commencement occurred June 16, 1870. About two 
years later opposition to the school manifested itself and President Vick- 
roy stated in his report to the annual Conference that the attendance of 
students was reduced from one hundred to seventy-five, the cause of this 
diminution being persistent opposition on the part of certain brethren. 

President Vickroy directed the affairs of the institution for five years, 
from 1866 to 1871. During his administration the charter was prepared 
and granted by the State Legislature, the laws and regulations for the in- 
ternal workings framed and adopted, the curriculum established, and two 
classes— those of 1870 and 1871— were graduated. In June, 1871, Prof. 
Lucian H. Hammond was elected president. During his term of office five 
classes were graduated, the Clionian Literary Society organized by the 
ladies, and the College made steady and substantial progress, but failing 
health compelled him to resign in June, 1876. 

Rev. David D. DeLong, D.D., became the third president. He found it 
necessary to reconstruct the Faculty and retain but two of the former 
teachers. The Kalozetean Literary Society was instituted to awaken in- 



8 BULLETIN 

terest in literary work among the young men by means of a healthy rivalry, 
and the music department was organized. In the summer of 1883 a large 
two-story frame building was erected on College Avenue, containing art 
room, music rooms, the department of natural science, a museum and the 
College library. During his presidency one hundred and seven students 
were graduated, fourteen in music and ninety-three in the literary depart- 
ment. 

After an interregnum of several months Rev. Edmund S. Lorenz, A.M., 
was elected president and took up the work with energy and ability. En- 
largement was his motto and the friends of the College rallied to his support. 
Post graduate studies were offered. The College Forum made its appear- 
ance under the editorship of the Faculty. With a devotion that won the 
admiration of his friends he labored incessantly for nearly two years to 
make the College the peer of any in the State, but under this strain his 
health failed and he was obliged to retire at the close of the collegiate year 
of 1889. 

The fifth president, Rev. Cyrus J. Kephart, D.D., assumed the duties 
of his office at the opening of the fall term in 1889. He secured creditable 
additions to the endowment fund, but because of discouraging conditions 
declined re-election at the close of the first year. 

The question of re-locating the College agitated its constituency, divided 
its friends and greatly hindered its progress. Some were almost in despair, 
others were indifferent, while others hoped and waited for the best. Under 
these conditions the Board of Trustees met in special session July 28, 1890, 
and called Dr. E. Benjamin Bierman to the presidency. He was inaugu- 
rated on the evening of the sixth of November following. Buildings were 
renovated, a large number of students enrolled and the Mary A. Dodge 
Fund of ten thousand dollars received, "the interest of which only is to be 
loaned without charge to such pious young people as the Faculty of the 
College may deem worthy of help as students." The Silver Anniversary of 
the College was celebrated June 15, 1892, when money was raised to pur- 
chase about three acres of ground to be added to the college campus. With 
the experience of twenty-five years of earnest effort to combat opposition 
and overcome errors and misconceived notions of higher education and to 
build up an institution of learning creditable to the United Brethren 
Church, the friends of the College entered upon the second quarter of a 
century with new hope and aspiration. 

President Bierman served successfully until the spring of 1897, when 
he was succeeded by Rev. Hervin U. Roop, Ph.D., who held the office till 
January 1, 1906, after which time the administration was in the hands of 
the Executive Committee and the Faculty until the election of Rev. A. P. 
Funkhouser, A.M., March 9, 1906. 

The presidency of Dr. Roop stands out as the period when the group 
system in the College curriculum was introduced, when the athletic field 



LEBANON VALLET COLLEGE 9 

was acquired, when the disastrous fire of December 24, 1904, occurred, 
sweeping away the Administration Building in a few hours, and when 
several new buildings arose on the campus — Engle Music Hall 1899, and 
the Carnegie Library and Women's Dormitory in 1904. The recuperative 
powers of the institution were put to the test by the destruction of the main 
building. At a meeting held January 5, 1905, the friends of the College, 
resolved, amid unusual enthusiasm to rebuild at once and with the stimu- 
lus of a gift of fifty thousand dollars from Andrew Carnegie received by 
the President, who had previously secured $20,000 from the same source, 
plans were matured by which to raise one hundred thousand dollars for 
this purpose. The erection of three new buildings was projected — the 
Men's Dormitory, the Central Heating Plant and the new Administration 
Building, the latter being completed under the supervision of President 
Funkhouser, whose term of office is marked also by a strenuous effort to 
straighten out the tangled threads in the financial skein and to meet the 
debt which rose to almost or altogether ninety thousand dollars. Bonds 
were issued to the amount of fifty thousand dollars and the co-operative 
college circles organized to relieve the financial conditions. 

Rev. Lawrence Keister, S.T.B., D.D., was elected president of the 
College, June 10, 1907, at the annual session of the Board of Trustees. 
He solicited $7,700 for the equipment of the Science Department, secured 
the Mills Scholarship of $1,000 and the Immel Scholarship of $2,000. The 
debt effort authorized by the Board, June 3, 1908, was carried forward suc- 
cessfully, $50,000 having been pledged before January 1, 1909, according to 
the condition of the pledge which also required the continuation of the 
canvass to secure another $50,000 in order to cover the entire debt. At 
the death of Rev. Daniel Eberly, D.D., July 9, 1910, whose will bears date 
of September 17, 1909, the College came into possession of property valued 
at about $45,000, the major part being given for the endowment of the 
Latin Chair. According to the Treasurer's books the amount of outstand- 
ing bonds January 1, 1914 was $40,000. 

In June, 1912, President Keister presented his resignation to the Board 
of Trustees and in September the Rev. Dr. George D. Gossard, of Balti- 
more, Md.fwas elected president. He at once entered upon the duties of 
his office to which he brings conscientious devotion and intelligent enthu- 
siasm. 

GENERAL INFORMATION 

The College is situated in Annville, a progressive and cultured town 
twenty-one miles east of Harrisburg in the beautiful, healthful and fertile 
Lebanon Valley. 



BUILDINGS AND GROUNDS 

There are seven buildings on the campus, the Carnegie Library, the 



10 BULLETIN 

Engle Music Hall, the Women's Dormitory, the Men's Dormitory, the 
Academy Building, the Administration Building, and the Heating Plant. 

THE CARNEGIE LIBRARY, a building of the Gothic style of archi- 
tecture, erected in 1904, furnishes commodious quarters for the growing 
library of the College. Each department has its particular books for re- 
ference, in addition to the large number of volumes for general reference 
and study. An annual amount is appropriated by the Board of Trustees 
for the purchase of new books, and plans are being made for the enlarge- 
ment of the library in order to meet the growing needs of the College. 

Two large reading rooms on the first floor, splendidly lighted and ven- 
tilated, and beautifully furnished, are provided with the leading magazines 
and daily papers. Periodicals devoted to the special work of each depart- 
ment are here, as well as magazines of general literature. On the second 
floor are six seminar rooms designed to be equipped with the special works 
of reference for the various departments, where students doing the most 
serious work may study undisturbed. 

THE ENGLE MUSIC HALL, of Hummelstown brownstone, erected 
in 1899, contains the college chapel, used for all large college gatherings, 
a director's office and studio, practice rooms, and a large society hall. The 
building is well equipped with pianos and a large pipe organ. 

THE WOMEN'S DORMITORY was erected in 1905, and is a build- 
ing of beautiful proportions. In addition to rooms which will accommodate 
forty-five students, there are a society hall, a dining hall, a well equipped 
kitchen, and laundry. 

THE MEN'S DORMITORY is a modern structure of brick with 
Indiana limestone trimmings. It contains single and double rooms and 
sixteen suites of two bed-rooms with a separate study-room- These afford 
accommodations for eighty-five students. This building was also erected 
in 1905. 

THE ACADEMY BUILDING, the original building of the institution, 
and acquired by gift in 1866 when the College was founded, has been 
remodeled and is now used by the Academy. The principal resides in the 
building with the Academy boys. 

THE HEATING PLANT, erected in 1905, is in harmony with the 
buildings above described. It contains a low pressure heating system of 
the most perfect construction, and supplies the heat for all the buildings 
on the campus. It is constructed with a view to the installation of a light- 
ing plant. 

THE ADMINISTRATION BUILDING is the most important and 
central of the buildings. It is built of buff brick with terra cotta trimmings, 
three stories high. It contains the recitation rooms of the College and the 
laboratories of the science department. The department of art has here 
commodious and modern quarters. The administration offices of fire proof 
construction are on the first floor. 



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10 BULLETIN 

Engle Music Hall, the Women's Dormitory, the Men's Dormitory, the 
Academy Building, the Administration Building, and the Heating Plant. 

THE CARNEGIE LIBRARY, a building of the Gothic style of archi- 
tecture, erected in 1904, furnishes commodious quarters for the growing 
library of the College. Each department has its particular books for re- 
ference, in addition to the large number of volumes for general reference 
and study. An annual amount is appropriated by the Board of Trustees 
for the purchase of new books, and plans are being made for the enlarge- 
ment of the library in order to meet the growing needs of the College. 

Two large reading rooms on the first floor, splendidly lighted and ven- 
tilated, and beautifully furnished, are provided with the leading magazines 
and daily papers. Periodicals devoted to the special work of each depart- 
ment are here, as well as magazines of general literature. On the second 
floor are six seminar rooms designed to be equipped with the special works 
of reference for the various departments, where students doing the most 
serious work may study undisturbed. 

THE ENGLE MUSIC HALL, of Hummelstown brownstone, erected 
in 1899, contains the college chapel, used for all large college gatherings, 
a director's office and studio, practice rooms, and a large society hall. The 
building is well equipped with pianos and a large pipe organ. 

THE WOMEN'S DORMITORY was erected in 1905, and is a build- 
ing of beautiful proportions. In addition to rooms which will accommodate 
forty-five students, there are a society hall, a dining hall, a well equipped 
kitchen, and laundry. 

THE MEN'S DORMITORY is a modern structure of brick with 
Indiana limestone trimmings. It contains single and double rooms and 
sixteen suites of two bed-rooms with a separate study-room- These afford 
accommodations for eighty-five students. This building was also erected 
in 1905. 

THE ACADEMY BUILDING, the original building of the institution, 
and acquired by gift in 1866 when the College was founded, has been 
remodeled and is now used by the Academy. The principal resides in the 
building with the Academy boys. 

THE HEATING PLANT, erected in 1905, is in harmony with the 
buildings above described. It contains a low pressure heating system of 
the most perfect construction, and supplies the heat for all the buildings 
on the campus. It is constructed with a view to the installation of a light- 
ing plant. 

THE ADMINISTRATION BUILDING is the most important and 
central of the buildings. It is built of buff brick with terra cotta trimmings, 
three stories high. It contains the recitation rooms of the College and the 
laboratories of the science department. The department of art has here 
commodious and modern quarters. The administration offices of fire proof 
construction are on the first floor. 




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LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 11 

The new Alumni Gymnasium occupies the ground floor. Here are 
provided over 7,000 square feet of floor space for the use of the department 
of physical culture and the promotion of athletic activities. The gymnasium 
has, in addition to the gymnasium floor, separate locker rooms for the 
teams, for the men, and for the girls, an apparatus room, and the usual 
shower baths. A floor-plan of this greatly appreciated gift appears else- 
where in this catalogue. 

To accommodate all these buildings, the campus, originally of ten acres, 
has been recently enlarged by purchase. It occupies a high point in the 
centre of the town of Annville and is within easy access of all trolley and 
railroad lines. 

The athletic field of five and one-half acres is well located and admirably 
adapted to the purpose for which it is intended. On it are erected a grand 
stand and bleachers. 



LABORATORIES 

The entire northern half of the Administration Building is occupied by 
the Department of Science. The Department of Chemistry occupies the 
first floor; Physics the second, and Biology the third. 

The laboratories of each department are constructed after the most 
approved modern methods, and students find everything arranged for 
their convenience. Stock rooms and special laboratories adjoin the general 
laboratories. The lecture rooms are provided with risers and Columbia 
tablet chairs. 



RELIGIOUS WORK 

Recognizing that most of its students come from Christian families, 
the College has always tried to furnish religious training. It believes in 
cultivating the heart as well as the mind, and encourages all wholesome 
means of promoting Christian influence. 

Each school morning, a regular service is held in the college chapel, at 
which the students are required to be present. At this service there is sing- 
ing, reading of Scripture, and prayer. Members of the Faculty conduct 
this service. 

A students' prayer meeting is held once a week, and opportunities for 
Bible study and mission study are offered by the Christian Associations in 
addition to those afforded by the regular curriculum. 

All resident students of the College are required to attend public worship 
in churches of their choice every Sunday. 

The religious life during the past year has been earnest and helpful, and 
patrons may feel satisfied that high moral influences are being exerted 
constantly over their children. 



12 BULLETIN 

COLLEGE ORGANIZATIONS 

The College has flourishing Young Men's and Young 
Women's Christian Associations, which hold regular 
weekly devotional services and conduct special courses 
of Bible and mission study, often in charge of members of the Faculty. 

Under these auspices numerous public lectures, entertainments, and 
socials are held, so that they contribute incalculably to the pleasure of the 
student body. They are the centre of the spiritual welfare of the students 
and deserve the hearty support of all connected with the College. 

Excellent opportunities for literary improvement and 
. parliamentary training are afforded by the "societies of 

the College. There are three of these societies — one sus- 
tained by the young ladies, the Clionian, and two by the young men, the 
Kalozetean and the Philokosmian. They meet every Friday evening in 
their well furnished halls for literary exercises consisting of orations, essays 
and debates. These societies are considered valuable agencies in college 
work, and students are advised to unite with one of them. 

The Athletic Association is composed of all the students 
of the College. The Athletic Association elects its own 
officers and the managers of the various athletic teams, 
also three members to the Athletic Executive Board. 

The direct supervision of all athletics is in the hands of the Athletic 
Executive Board. This board is composed of two members of the Faculty, 
appointed by the President, two members of the Alumni Association, 
selected or elected by the Alumni Association, and three student members 
elected by the Athletic Association. The treasurer of the College is the 
treasurer of the Athletic Executive Board. 

The Biological Field Club offers to any student of the 
. ~~ College an opportunity to collect, study, and discuss ob- 

jects of interest in the field of living nature. Frequent ex- 
cursions are made to places of special interest to members of the club. 

The Mathematical Round Table is an organi- 
The Mathematical zadon of the students of the College who are in- 
terested in mathematical studies, Its object is to 
create interest in and love for the "exact science." Its meetings are held 
on the last Wednesday evening of each month. Papers on mathematical 
history and biography -are read and discussed. Current events in the 
mathematical world and papers on various mathematical subjects have 
made the meetings very interesting and helpful. 

The German Club has been organized by the students 

of the College who are especially interested in the study 

of the German language. Its meetings are held the third 

Wednesday of every month. Papers familiarizing the students with Ger- 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 13 

many, its life, customs and literature are read. The meetings are conducted 
entirely in German. As a means of increasing conversational powers Ger- 
man games are introduced as an important part of the program. 



LITERARY AND MUSICAL ADVANTAGES 

During the college year, the student body has the privilege of hearing 
lectures and talks delivered by resident professors and other men of note 
in church and literary circles. 

The department of music together with the department of public speak- 
ing presents a number of programs during the year for the pleasure and 
benefit of the general student body. Concerts and recitals by prominent 
musicians are given under the patronage of the department of music with 
the aim of creating in the student an appreciation for the best in art. 

There is a lively interest in the drama. Various college organizations 
have presented Shakespearean and other plays of a high grade. 

A further means of enjoyment and education is the course of lectures 
and concerts under the management of the Christian associations of the 
College. 



ADMINISTRATION 

. „ . The following are the advisers for the students in each 

Advis6r^ 

of the five groups in which courses of instruction are of- 
fered: For the Classical group, Professor Shroyer; for the Mathematical- 
Physical, Professor Lehman; for the Chemical- Biological, Professor Derick- 
son; for the Historical- Political, Professor Shenk; for the Modern Language, 
Professor Kirkland. The students of each group are amenable to the ad- 
viser in all matters of conduct, study and discipline. He is to grant leave 
of absence, permission to go out of town, and excuses. His approval is 
necessary before a student may register for or enter upon any course of 
study, or discontinue any work. He is the medium of communication be- 
tween the Faculty and the students of his group, and in a general way 
stands to his students in the relation of a friendly counsellor. 

. It is earnestly desired that students may be influenced 

p to good conduct and diligence by higher motives than 

fear of punishment. The sense of duty and honor, the courteous and gen- 
erous feelings natural to young men and women engaged in literary pur- 
suits, are appealed to as the best regulators of conduct. It is the policy of 
the administration to allow in all things as much liberty as will not be 
abused, and the students are invited and expected to cooperate with the 
Faculty; but good order and discipline will be strictly maintained and mis- 
conduct punished by adequate penalties. The laws of the College are as 
few and simple as the proper regulation of a community of young men and 
women will permit. The College will not place its stamp or bestow its 



14 BULLETIN 

honors upon anyone who is not willing to deport himself becomingly. No 
hazing of any kind will be permitted. The government of the Men's Dor- 
mitory is under the immediate control of the Senior-Junior Council, a com- 
mittee of students, authorized by the College authorities. 

_ _ The maximum number of hours, conditioned, per- 

Classification ... , t • j- • c c j- 

mitted for senior standing is four; for junior standing, 

six, for sophomore, seven, and for freshman eight. 

The permitted number of extra hours of work above that prescribed by 

the curriculum is limited by the student's record for previous years as 

follows: 

(a) Majority of A's — no limit. 

(b) Majority of B's — four hours. 

(c) Majority of C's — two hours. 

(d) Lower record than (C) — no extra hours. 

The scholarship of students is determined by result 
™ of examinations and daily recitations combined. The 
grades are carefully recorded. 

Reports of standing will be made to parent or guardian at the end of 
each term when desired by them, or when the Faculty deems it expedient. 
The standing is indicated generally by classification in six groups, as follows. 

A signifies that the record of the student is distinguished. 

B signifies that the record of the student is very good. 

C signifies that the record is good. 

D signifies the lowest sustained record. 

E (conditioned) imposes a condition on the student. Conditions in- 
curred in January must be made up by June; conditions incurred in June 
must be made up by September. Failing to make up a condition at the 
time appointed is equal to a record of F. 

F (failed completely) signifies that the student must drop or repeat the 
subject, and cannot be admitted to subjects dependent thereon. 

If the student's record as a whole is poor, he may be required to repeat 
certain subjects, to repeat the year, or to withdraw. 

The degree of bachelor of arts is conferred, by a vote 
* , of the Board of Trustees on recommendation of the 

lp oma p acu i t y ) U p n students who " have satisfactorily com- 
pleted 69 hours of work in any of the groups. 

Since all its members are fully occupied with under- 
graduate work, the Faculty deems it unwise to offer any 
work for the degree of Master of Arts during the coming 
year. In rare cases sufficient resident work upon certain advanced courses 
may be outlined. But as special action would be required in each case, no 
detailed announcement can be made here. All inquiries about graduate 
work should be addressed to the President. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 15 

SCHOLARSHIPS AND LOANS 

The College offers a limited number of one hundred and thirty-dollar 
free tuition scholarships to honor graduates of State Normal Schools and 
approved high schools and academies. One scholarship is allotted to the 
first honor graduate of our own academy. 

The College also offers a one hundred and thirty-dollar scholarship to a 
literary graduate of Shenandoah Collegiate Institute, Dayton, Virginia, 
and a similar scholarship to a literary graduate of the Sugar Grove 
Academy, Sugar Grove, Pa. The recipients of these two scholarships are 
to be determined by the respective faculties of these institutions. 

Graduates of high schools and academies whose standard is not equal 
to that of our own academy, may enter the senior year of the academy and 
become competitors for our own academy scholarship. 

Honor graduates of preparatory schools who have conditions may be 
allowed to make them up in the freshman year. If the first semester's 
work shows a majority of A's and nothing less than B in all work including 
conditions, a scholarship may be awarded. 

Bishop J. S. Mills Scholarship Fund 

This fund established by a gift of $1,000 is available. 

H. S. Immel Scholarship Fund 

This fund established by a gift of $2,000 is available "for young men in 
college who are preparing for the ministry in the Church of the United 
Brethren in Christ." 

Eliza Bittinger Eberly Fund 

This fund consists of the income of a farm located near East Berlin, 
Adams County, Pa. 

Daniel Eberly Fund 

This fund is available and is to be loaned to worthy students seeking 
an education in college. 

Mary A. Dodge Fund 

The income from this fund is loaned to worthy students. 

Charles B. Rettew Scholarship 

This scholarship in Bonebrake Theological Seminary is limited to stu- 
dents from the East Pennsylvania Conference and Lebanon Valley College. 

Dr. Henry B. Stehman Fund 

This fund has been provided by Henry B. Stehman to help needy min- 
isterial students. 

The Executive Committee shall make scholarship awards. 



16 BULLETIN 



EXPENSES 



Matriculation and Physical Culture $10 00 

Tuition, College 65 00 

For twenty hours or less in the College, the tuition is $65. Each addi- 
tional hour for semester or half year $1.90. 

Children of ministers are required to pay one-half the regular tuition in 
the College. 

When two members of one family attend college at the same time, ten 
per cent from the tuition charged is allowed. 

The tuition of $65 in the College does not apply to the Academy, Art, 
Oratory or Music departments. 

All special students are required to pay a matriculation fee of from one 
to five dollars, and five dollars for Physical Culture. 

All students taking regular work are required to pay a special college 
publication and Christian work fee of $2. In consideration of the payment 
of the above fee the student receives the College News and privileges of 
the Christian Associations. 

Laboratory Fees, per semester. 

Biology 1 $ 3 00 

Biology 2 6 00 

Biology 3 6 00 

Biology 4 5 00 

Biology 5 5 00 

A deposit of $2.00 is required of each student who is assigned a locker in 
the biological laboratory as a guarantee of the care and return of the keys 
and apparatus. The treasurer will refund the deposit when a certificate 
from the department is presented stating that the keys and apparatus have 
been returned in good condition. 

Chemistry 1 $ 6 00 

Chemistry 2 7 00 

Chemistry 3 6 00 

Chemistry 4 5 00 

Chemistry 5 10 00 

A deposit of $3.00 is required of each student who is assigned a locker in 
the chemical laboratory. Any part of this breakage deposit unused will be 
refunded at the end of the course. 

Physics 1 $ 5 00 

All laboratory fees and deposits for each semester must be paid in 
advance. A student will not be assigned a locker or apparatus in any of 
the laboratories without a certificate from the Treasurer of the College 
stating that the fee has been paid and the deposit made. 

Graduation Fee, payable thirty days prior to commencement, $10.00. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 17 

Boarding 

Regular students are charged $3.50 per week, or $133 per year, if paid 
in advance. 

Five-day students, (fifteen meals), are charged $2.50 per week, or $95 
per year, if paid in advance. 

Day students may obtain meal tickets at the rate of twenty-five cents 
per meal, when paid in advance. 

The College prefers that all students who room in the Dormitories 
should board at the College dining-hall. 

Room Rent 

In the Men's Dormitory and Women's Dormitory, when rooms are 
taken for one person only, the rates range from $40 to $80 per year. When 
rooms are taken for two persons the rates range from $20 to $60 for each 
student per year. 

Light and heat, six to nine dollars per year. 

Deposit Fee 

A deposit fee of $4 is required from each student who occupies a room 
in the Men's Dormitory. 

Every student is charged with the furnishings of the room, at the open- 
ing of the school year, and if the furniture and room, and halls are in good 
condition when the students vacate, a portion, or all of the deposit fee is 
refunded. 

Estimated Expenses 

Depending upon the course or courses of study, a student in Lebanon 
Valley College, may take a year's work for $240. This is the minimum 
and it does not include personal expenses nor laboratory fees. It includes 
the following items: Boarding, $133; Tuition, $65; Room rent, $20; Matri- 
culation and Physical Culture, $10; Light and heat, $6; College publication 
and Christian work fee, $2; and in the Men's Dormitory a deposit fee of 
$4, part of which may be returned. 

For minimum of a year's expense in the Academy see page. 56, where full 
particulars are given. 

A rebate of $5 will be allowed to any regular student in the College, re- 
ceiving no other aid, who will pay in full at the opening of the school year, 
the entire amount of the year's expense. 

Ten per cent will be added on all payments that are deferred more than 
ten days after the time when the installments are due. 

These rates are fixed by special act of the Board of Trustees. 

The regular College expenses are divided into four installments, and 
students are required to pay each installment in advance. 

One- fifth of the expenses are due at the opening of the collegiate year; 
and one-fifth, November 1; three-tenths, January 5; and three-tenths, 
March 27. 



18 BULLETIN 

Students who are candidates for degrees must make satisfactory settle- 
ment for all dues and bills before degrees are voted. 

No reduction will be made for tuition and room-rent, for a semester, 
except for protracted sickness. In case of long continued illness, the loss 
is shared equally by the College and the student. 

No reduction will be made for table board, for an absence of less than 
one week, and then only in case of sickness, or important duties that com- 
pel the student to be absent from his College work. Reductions cannot be 
allowed for banquet trips, or club trips, or athletic trips. 

Students are required to furnish their own towels, napkins, soap, and all 
bed furnishings, except mattresses. 

Any student who receives beneficiary aid from the College, may be 
called upon to render services to the College for all or part of the aid so 
received. 

Opportunity for self-help is extended to a limited number of students 
in the College and in the Academy, who may serve as waiters, janitors or 
librarians. In each case the term of service is thirty-eight weeks. Close 
application is required to the work assigned. Neglect of duty is sufficient 
cause for the removal of the student from the position. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 



19 



OUTLINE OF REQUIREMENTS FOR ADMISSION 

The following Is an outline of the requirements for admission to the Fresh- 
man class of Lebanon Valley College. A detailed description of the courses 
indicated in this outline appears in the catalogue of the College. An aggre- 
gate of fifteen units must be offered by the candidate for admission. Of these 
eleven and one-half units are required as specified and three and one-half 
units may be elected. 

A unit represents the work of a school year of no less than thirty-six 
weeks, with five periods of at least forty-five minutes each per week, or four 
periods of one hour each per week. A unit therefore, is the equivalent of one 
hundred and eighty recitation periods of forty-five minutes each, or one hun- 
dred and forty-four periods of one hour each. 



GROUP I 


English 


3 units 


Three units required 


English 








GROUP II 


Elementary Algebra 


1 unit 


Two and one-half 


Mathematics 


Intermediate Algebra 


| unit 


units required, one 




Plane Geometry 


1 unit 


of which must be 




Solid Geometry 


| unit 


Plane Geometry. 




Plane Trigonometry 


\ unit 




GROUP III 


Latin 


4 units 


Five units required, 


Foreign 


German 


3 units 


three of which must 


Languages 


French 


3 units 


be Latin. 




Greek 


3 units 


2X5 ;- £ 


GROUP IV 


Physical Geog. \ 


or 1 unit 


Physics required. 


Physical 


Physics 


1 unit 


Chemistry required 


Sciences 


Chemistry § 


or 1 unit 


only for students in- 
tending to take 
Chemical - Biological 
Group. 


GROUP V 


Botany 


1 unit 


Elective 


Biological 


Zoology 


1 unit 




Sciences 


Physiology 


1 unit 




GROUP VI 


Greek and Roman 


1 unit 


One unit required. 


History, Etc. 


Mediaeval and Modern 1 unit 






English 


1 unit 


- 




Civics 


\ unit 






Economics 


\ unit 




GROUP VII 


Drawing \ 


or 1 unit 


One unit only may 




Domestic Science 


\ unit 


be elected. 




Agriculture 


\ unit 






Book-keeping 


\ unit 






Commercial Law 


\ unit 






Commercial Geog. 


\ unit 






Psychology 


\ unit 






Methods of Teaching 


\ unit 





In case the requirements of a given Group are not fully met by the fifteen 
units selected, the studies necessary for such requirements must be taken in 
place of an elective in the regular college course. For example, if a student 
present three units of Latin and two of German for admission to a Group 
requiring four units of Latin he must include in his college course the equiva- 
lent of the fourth unit of Latin. 



20 BULLETIN 

Candidates for admission should note carefully the following description 
of courses. 

ENGLISH 

Three units required 

A thorough course in Advanced English Grammar, and a systematic 
course in English Composition and in the essentials of Rhetoric is required 
of all students. In addition to this and following the recommendations of 
the Conference on Uniform Entrance Requirements in English, books are 
prescribed for reading and practice, and for study and practice as follows: 

a. Reading and Practice — (1914) Two units. 

Group I. (Two to be selected.) The Old Testament, comprising at least 
the chief narrative episodes in Genesis, Exodus, Joshua, Judges, Samuel, 
Kings, and Daniel together with the books of Ruth and Esther; the Odyssey, 
with the omission, if desired, of Books I, II, III, IV, V, XV, XVI, XVII; 
the Iliad, with the omission, if desired, of Books XI, XIII, XIV, XV, XVII, 
XXI; Vergil's Aeneid. The Odyssey, Iliad and Aeneid should be read in 
English translations of recognized literary excellence. For any unit of this 
group a unit from any other group may be substituted. 

Group II. (Two to be selected.) Shakespeare's The Merchant of Venice; 
Midsummer Night's Dream; As You Like It; Twelfth Night; Henry the 
Fifth; Julius Caesar. 

Group III. (Two to be selected.) Defoe's Robinson Crusoe, Part I; 
Goldsmith's Vicar of Wakefield; either Scott's Ivanhoe, or Quentin Durward; 
Hawthorne's The House of the Seven Gables; either Dickens' David Copper- 
field, or A Tale of Two Cities; Thackeray's Henry Esmond; Mrs. Gaskill's 
Cranford; George Eliot's Silas Marner; Stevenson's Treasure Island. 

Group IV. (Two to be selected.) Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress, Part I; 
the Sir Roger de Coverley Papers in the ' 'Spectator" ; Franklin's Autobiography 
(condensed); Irving's Sketch Book; Macaulay's Essays on Lord Clive and 
Warren Hastings; Thackeray's English Humourists ; Selections from Lin- 
coln, including at least the two inaugurals, the speeches in Independence 
Hall and at Gettysburg, the Last Public Address and Letter to Horace 
Greeley, along with a brief memoir or estimate; Parkman's Oregon Trail; 
either Thoreau's Walden, or Huxley's Autobiography and selections from 
Lay Sermons including the address on Improving Natural Knowledge, 
A Liberal Education, and A Piece of Chalk; Stevenson's Inland Voyage, 
and Travels with a Donkey. 

Group V. (Two to be selected.) Palgrave's Golden Treasury (First 
Series,) Books II and III, with special attention to Dryden, Collins, Gray, 
Cowper, and Burns; Gray's Elegy in a Country Churchyard and Goldsmith's 
Deserted Village; Coleridge's Ancient Mariner and Lowell's The Vision of 
Sir Launfal; Scott's The Lady of the Lake, Byron's Childe Harold, Canto IV, 
and The Prisoner of Chillon; Palgrave's Golden Treasury (First Series,) Book 
IV, with special attention to Wordsworth, Keats and Shelley; Poe's The 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 21 

Raven; Longfellow's The Courtship of Miles Standish, and Whittier's Snow 
Bound; Macaulay'sLays of Ancient Rome, apd Arnold's Sohrab and Rustutn; 
Tennyson's Gareth and Lynette, Lancelot and Elaine, and The Passing of 
Arthur; Browning's Cavalier Tunes, The Lost Leader, How They Brought the 
Good News from Ghent to Aix, Home Thoughts from Abroad, Home Thoughts 
from the Sea, Incidents of the French Camp, Herve Riel, Pheidippides, My 
Last Duchess, Up at a Villa — Down in the City. 

b. Study and Practice — (One unit) Shakespeare's Macbeth; Milton's 
L' Allegro, II Penseroso and Comus; Burke's Speech on Conciliation with 
America, or Washington's Farewell Address and Webster's First Bunker 
Hill Oration, Macaulay's Life of Johnson or Carlyle's Essay on Burns. 

MATHEMATICS 

a. Elementary Algebra, Algebra to Quadratics — One unit. 

1. The four fundamental operations. 

2. Factoring, determination of highest common factor and lowest 
common multiple by factoring. 

3. Linear equations, both numerical and literal, containing one, two 
and three unknowns. 

4. Problems depending on linear equations. 

5. Radicals and the extraction of the square root of polynomials. 

6. Fractional and negative exponents. 

b. Quadratics and Beyond — One-half unit. 

1. Quadratic equations, both numerical and literal. 

2. Problems depending on quadratic equations. 

3. The binomial theorem for positive integral exponents. 

4. The formulas for the nth term and the sum of the terms of arith- 
metical and geometrical progressions. 

5. Numerous problems chosen from mensuration, from physics and 
from commercial life. 

The equivalent of Hawke's and others. 
High School Algebra complete. 

c. Plane Geometry — One unit. 

1. The usual theorems and constructions. 

2. The solution of numerous exercises, including problems of Loci. 

3. The equivalent of Durell's Plane Geometry. 

d. Solid Geometry — One-half unit. 

1. The usual theorems, the properties and measurement of prisms, 
pyramids, cylinders and cones, the sphere and spherical triangle. 

2. Applications to the mensuration of surfaces and solids. 

e. Trigonometry — One-half unit. 

1. Definitions and relations of the six trigonometric functions as ratios, 
circular measurements of angles. 

2. Proofs of the principal formulas, and the transformation of trigono- 
metric expressions by means of these formulas. 



22 BULLETIN 

3. Solution of trigonometric equations. 

4. The theory and use of logarithms. 

5. The solution of right, oblique and spherical triangles with applica- 
tions. 

LATIN 

Latin A — Three units. 

A systematic course of five lessons a week extending over a period of 
three years is required. 

The real test of the candidate's fitness is based upon his ability to read 
simple Latin prose, to explain constructions and idioms, and to turn simple 
Latin sentences into prose. 

He should have studied grammar, elementary prose composition, 90 to 
120 pages of Nepos (Lives) and Caesar (Gallic and Civil wars) ; also about 
40 pages of Cicero and the first four books of Virgil or its equivalent in 
Latin poetry. 

Latin B — One unit (optional.) 

Virgil and Ovid, 6,000 to 10,000 verses or other equivalents not read in 
Latin A. 

GREEK 
1, 2 or 3 units 

1. The equivalent of White's First Greek Book. Five recitations a week 
for at least thirty weeks. The candidates shall have read the equivalent 
of about eight chapters of Anabasis and show a knowledge of ordinary 
forms. One unit. 

2. At least the first four books of the Anabasis together with the ability 
to turn short sentences into Greek. One unit. 

3. The translation at sight of Attic prose and of Homer, constructions, 
idioms and prosody and the ability to translate a short passage of connected 
English narrative is required. One unit. 

GERMAN 

a. Elementary German — Two units. 
During the first year the work should comprise: 

1. Careful drill on pronunciation,* . 

2. Drill on the rudiments of grammar. 

3. Abundant easy exercises in reproduction and memory work. 

4. The reading of 75 to 100 pages of graduated texts from a reader. 
During the second year the work should comprise: 

1. The reading of 150 to 200 pages of literature in the form of easy 
stories and plays. 

2. Reproduction practice as before, both oral and written. 

3. Continued drill on the rudiments of grammar. 
Suitable stories and plays are as follows: 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 23 

Wilhelmi's Einer muss heiraten, Bacon's Int Vaterland, Anderson's Mdr- 
chen, Leander's Traumereien, Heyse's V Arrabbiata, Hillern's Hoher als die 
Kirche, Storm's Immensee, Zschokke's Der Zerbrochene Krug, Stokl's 
Unier dent Christbaum, Baumbach's, Der Schwiegersohn. 

b. Intermediate German — One unit. 

The work should comprise, in addition to the elementary course, the 
reading of about 400 pages of moderately difficult prose and poetry to- 
gether with constant drill in reproduction and grammatical drill, with 
special reference to the infinitive and the subjunctive. 

Suitable reading matter can be selected from the following: 

Freytag's Die Journalisten, Fouque's Undine, Goethe's Hermann and 
Dorothea, Lessing's Minna von Barnhelm, Schiller's Der Neffe als Onkel, 
Wilhelm Tell, Die Jungfrau von Orleans and others prescribed by the College 
Entrance Examination Board. 

FRENCH 

a. Elementary French — Two units. 

The applicant should be able to pronounce French accurately, to turn 
simple English sentences into French and to answer questions on the rudi- 
ments of grammar. 

The first year's work should comprise the rudiments of grammar, the 
reproduction of natural forms of expression and the reading of 100 to 175 
duodecimo pages of graduated texts. 

During the second year the work should comprise: 

1. Constant practice in translating into French easy variations upon the 
texts read. 

2. Frequent oral abstracts. 

.3. The mastery of the use of pronouns, pronominal adjectives, of all 
but the rare irregular verb forms and the simpler uses of the conditional 
and the subjunctive. 

4. The reading of 400 to 500 pages of easy modern prose in the form of 
stories, plays, or historical or biographical sketches. 

Suitable texts for the second year are: 

About'sZe roi des montagnes; Bruno's Le tour de la France; Mairet's 
La tache du petit Pierre; Merimee's Colomba; Legouve and Labiche's 
La cigale chez les fourmis; Le Bedolliere's La Mere Michel et son chat. 

b. Intermediate French — One unit. 

1. Constant practice in French paraphrasing. 

2. Grammar in modern completeness. 

3. Writing from dictation. 

4. The reading of from 400 to 600 pages from suitable texts such as 
the following: 

Corneille's Le Cid; Sandeau's Le gendre de M. Poirier; Daudet's La 
Belle- Nivernaise; Racine's Athalie, Andromaque and Esther; George Sand's 
plays and stories; Sandeau's, Mademoiselle de la Siegliere, and others. 



21 BULLETIN 

PHYSICS 

One unit 

1. The study of a standard text book as Carhart and Chute's High 
School Physics, or Milikan and Gale's, A First Course in Physics. 

2. Lectures and table demonstrations. 

3. Individual laboratory work consisting of at least 30 experiments as 
required by the College Entrance Examination Board. 

4. The course should include the following fundamental topics: 

a. Introduction; Metric system, volume, density, weight and states of 
matter. 

b. Mechanics: fluids and solids. 

c. Heat. 

d. Sound. 

e. Light. 

f. Magnetism. 

g. Static Electricity, 
h. Current Electricity. 

The applicant must also present an approved laboratory note book of 
experiments performed, together with a certificate from the teacher of 
Physics stating the exact character and amount of work done under his 
supervision. 

BOTANY 

One unit 

PART I. The General Principles of (a) Anatomy and Morphology, 
(b) Physiology, and (c) Ecology. 

a. Anatomy and Morphology. 

The seed, the shoot, specialized and metamorphosed shoots, the root, 
specialized and metamorphosed roots, the flower, the comparative and 
morphological study of four or more types, the fruit and the cell. 

b. Physiology. 

Roll of water in the plant, photosynthesis, respiration, digestion irrita- 
bility, growth and fertilization. 

c. Ecology. 

Modifications, dissemination, crosspollination, light relations of green 
tissue and special habitats. 

PART II. The natural History of the Plant Groups and classification. 

A comprehensive study of the great natural groups of plants. Selections 
may be made from the following: 

a. Algae. Pleurococus, Sphaerella, Spirogyra, Vaucheria, Fucus, 
Nemalion. 

b. Fungi. Bacteria, Rhieoput or Mucor, Yeast, Pucclnla, Corn Smut, 
Mushroom. 

c. Lichens. Physcia (or Parmelia or Usnea). 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 25 

d. Bryophytes. In Hepaticae, Radula and in Musci, Mnium. 

e. Pteridophytes. In Filicineae, Aspidium, or equivalent, including 
the prothallus. In Equesetinae, Equisetum. In Lycopodineae, Lycopo- 
dium and Selaginella. 

f . Gymnosperms. Pinus or equivalent. 

g. Angiosperms. A monocotyledon and dicotyledon. 

The applicant shall present a certified note-book of individual labo- 
ratory work of at least double the amount of time given to recitation. 
Special stress should be laid on accurate drawings and precise descriptions. 

ZOOLOGY 

One unit 

1. The general natural history — including general external structure 
in relation to adaptations, life histories, geographical range, relations to 
other plants and animals, and economic relations — of common vertebrates. 

Suggested types are a mammal, bird, lizard, snake, turtle, newt, frog, 
dogfish or shark, bony fish, clam, snail, starfish, earthworm, hydra, sea- 
anemone, paramoecium. 

Pupils should be familiar with orders of insects or with crustaceans, 
spiders and myriapods. 

Actual examination of common animals with the above should be sup- 
plemented by reading giving natural history information. 

Laboratory work required. 

Certified note-books should be presented. 

In general, the work as outlined by the College Entrance Examination 
Board will be accepted. 

CHEMISTRY 

One unit 
The candidate's preparation should include: 

1. Individual laboratory work, comprising at least forty exercises from 
a list of sixty or more as outlined by the College Entrance Examination 
Board. 

2. Instruction by lecture-table demonstrations, to be used mainly as a 
basis for questioning upon the general principles involved in the pupil's 
laboratory investigations. 

3. The study of at least one standard text-book, to the end that the 
pupil may gain a comprehensive and connected view of the most impor- 
tant facts and laws of elementary Chemistry. Brownlee and Other's 
Principles of Chemistry or its equivalent is required. 

GEOGRAPHY 

One unit 

a. The Earth as a Globe. 

b. The Ocean. 



26 BULLETIN 

c. The Atmosphere — including weather instruments and the U. S. 
Weather Map. 

d. The Land. 

e. Volcanoes. 

f. Rivers. 

g. Glaciers. 

h. Relation of man, plants and animals to climate, land forms, and 
oceanic areas. 

A note-book certified to by the teacher in charge is required in all cases 
for one unit. Otherwise one-half unit only may be offered. 

DRAWING 

One unit 

1. The applicant must be able to sketch with fairly steady and clean 
lines any figures or combinations of figures, polygons, spirals or the like. 

2. He shall be able to sketch common objects such as furniture and 
utensils with reasonable accuracy and correctness of proportion. 

3. Also to sketch from copy, enlarging or reducing dimensions, any 
simple object, such as a valve or title pattern. 

A note-book with drawings both approved and certified to by the teacher 
must be presented in order to receive credit. 



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LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 81 

PHILOSOPHY AND EDUCATION 

Professorship of Philosophy and Education vacant collegiate year 1913- 
14. 

PHILOSOPHY 

1. Psychology — Three hours. First Semester. 

Special emphasis will be upon (1) the application of psychological laws 
to practical life, and (2) the philosophical bearing of certain psychological 
principles. Thus, without departing from the mode of treatment appro- 
priate to a natural science, this course will be made to serve as a general 
introduction to philosophy. Text-book, Angell's Psychology. 

2. Logic — Three hours. Second Semester. 

The intimate relation between Logic and Psychology will be emphasized 
throughout the course. From this point of view the traditional subject 
matter of elementary logic will be carefully discussed and the detection 
and classification of fallacies drilled upon. About half the time of the course 
will be given to Inductive Logic. Text-book, Hibben's Logic: Deductive 
and Inductive. 

3. History of Ancient Philosophy — Two hours. First Semester. 
In this course, and in its sequel, Philosophy 4, the aim will be (1) to 

trace the development of philosophy, pointing out what of permanent 
value each system, as it arose, contributed toward a final solution of the 
problem of the nature of being, and (2) to show the interaction between 
philosophic thought and the practical life of the period during which it 
flourished. 

4. History of Modern Philosophy — Two hours. Second Semester. 
The work will be critical as well as expository, and an effort will be 

made at reconstruction on the basis of the great systems of philosophy 
worked out from Descartes to Spencer. 

5. Ethics — Two hours. Throughout the year. 

This course will be primarily constructive and only in so far critical and 
historical as its constructive purpose demands. Much attention will be 
given to the practical bearing of the doctrine set forth on the pressing 
problems of today — such as individualism, the integrity of our social in- 
stitutions, the problems which grow out of progress, etc. 

Only Philosophy 1, 2, and 5 offered 1913-14. 

EDUCATION 

1. History of Education— Three hours. First Semester. 

A study of pedagogical theories and practices, from the early days of 
China to the present with some reaction upon the doctrines discussed. 
Text -book Monroe's Text Book in the History of Education. 

2. School Management— Three hours. Second Semester. 

A consideration of the practical problems involved in class management 
and in school supervision. 



32 BULLETIN 

3. The Principles of Education — Three hours. First Semester. 
Discussion of the nature and ends of education, its psychological bases, 

general methods, etc. Text-book, Bagley's The Educative Process, with 
many library references. Either practice teaching or two theses will be 
required as a part of the work of the course. 

4. Secondary Education — Three hours. Second Semester. 

This course deals primarily with the American High School of today 
but some attention will also be given to the history of our secondary school 
system in the United States and to the secondary schools of Europe. The 
course will consist of two parts: (1) The general problems of the high 
school, and (2) The high-school curriculum. Text-books, Brown's The 
American High School and Johnson's High School Education. Either 
practice teaching or two theses. 

DEPARTMENT OF LATIN 

PROFESSOR KrRKLAND 

1. Freshman Latin — Three hours. Throughout the year. The three 
units prescribed on page 22 for admission prerequisite. 

1. In Language. General grammar with oral and written exercises. 

II. In Literature. Historical, Sallust's Conspiracy of Catiline; epic, 
Vergil's Aeneid, Books VII- XII; philosophic, Cicero, De Amicitia. 

III. In Life. Abbott's Short History of Rome, Johnston's Private Life 
of the Romans. 

2. Sophomore Latin. Three hours. Throughout the year. 

I. General grammar with written and oral exercises, 

II. In Literature. Historical and biographic, Livy, Books I, II, and 
Tacitus' Agricola; lyric, Catullus, Odes; philosophic, Cicero, De Officiis. 

In Life. Carter's Religion of Numa, Fairbank's Mythology. 

3. Junior Latin. Three hours. Throughout the year. 

I. In Language. General grammar with oral and written exercises. 

II. In Literature. Historical, Livy, Books XXI, XXII, and Tacitus, 
Germania; lyric, Horace, Odes; critical, Quintilian, Book X. 

III. In Life, Tarbell's History of Greek Art, Goodyear's Roman Art. 

4. Senior Latin. Three hours. Throughout the year. 

I. In Language. History of the Latin Language with oral and written 
exercises. 

II. In Literature. Historical and epistolary, Tacitus, Annals, and 
Cicero's Letters; dramatic and satirical, Plautus, Captivi, and Horace's 
Satires and Epistles; critical, Cicero, De Oratore. 

III. In Life. Mackail's Latin Literature. 

DEPARTMENT OF FRENCH 

PROFESSOR KIRKLAND 

1. First Year French. Four hours first semester. Two hours 
second Semester. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 33 

Exercises in dictation and composition occupy one-third of the time 
throughout the year. Text-books, Fraser and Squair's Grammar, Merimee, 
Colomba; Labiche et Martin, Le voyage de Monsieur Perrichon; Daudet, 
Contes choisis; Dumas, L'Evasion du Due de Beaufort. 

2. Second Year French. Three hours. Throughout the year. 

v The novel, drama, and lyric of the Nineteenth Century are touched 
upon; the subjunctive mood is studied; oral exercises are used; the history 
of French Literature is examined. 

Text-books: Fraser and Squair's Grammar; Saintbury's History of 
French Literature; Dumas' Monte-Cristo ; Tuckerman, Simplicite; About, 
Le roi des Montagnes ; Racine, Athalie; Hugo, Hernani; Bowen'<= Modern 
French Lyrics. 

3. Third Year French. Three hours. Throughout the year. 

The study of Modern French Prose and of France's place in civilization. 
Books: Nodier, Contes; Hugo, Notre-Dame de Paris; Sand, Indiana; Pel- 
lissier, Le mouvement litteraire du XI Xe Siecle; Balzac, La Cousine Bette; 
France, Silvestre Bonnard; Foncin, Le Pays de France. 

GREEK LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE 

PROFESSOR SHROYER 

lb. Elementary Greek. — Five hours. Throughout the year. 
Xenophon: Four Books of the Anabasis. Greek Prose. 
2c. Advanced Greek — Three hours. Throughout the year. 
Homer: Three books of the Iliad, scansion, sight translation, epic poetry. 
Greek antiquities, Greek literature and Greek prose. 

1. Junior Greek — Three hours. Throughout the year. 
Herodotus: Selections from several of the books are read. Review of the 

Greek historians and the Persian Wars. 

Plato: Apology and Crito. The Athenian courts. 
New Testament. Readings in the Pauline epistles. 

2. Senior Greek — Three hours. Throughout the year. 
Xenophon, Memorabilia; or Demosthenes, De Corona. Socrates and the 

Socratic schools. The Attic oration. 

Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus; or Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound. Develop- 
ment of the Greek Drama. Greek tragedy, comedy and theater. 

3. Junior Elective Greek — Three hours. Throughout the year. 
New Testament: Readings in the gospels of Mark and John and in the 

Pauline and Catholic epistles. The object of this course is exegetical and 
practical. It will include a study of the synoptic gospels and a survey of 
the letters of Paul. 

ENGLISH BIBLE 

PROFESSOR SHROYER 

1. Teacher Training — Two hours. First Semester. 

2. Bible Study by Doctrines — Two hours. Second Semester. 



84 BULLETIN 

3. Life of Christ — Two hours. First Semester. Mark as a guide 
with references to the other gospels. 

*4. Life of Paul — Two hours. Second Semester. Acts and Pauline 
Epistles. 

5. Introduction to Bible Study — Two hours. First Semester. 

6. Scientific Confirmation of Old Testament History. Two 
hours. Second Semester. 

7. Introduction to the Study of Comparative Religions. Two 
hours. One Semester. This course may be taken instead of either one of 
the above at the discretion of the teacher. 

GERMAN LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE 

PROFESSOR SELTZER 

1. Freshman German — Three hours. Throughout the year. 
Literature of the 19th century. Fouque's Undine; Heine's Die Harzreise; 

Freytag's Die Journalisten; Scheffel's Ekkehard; Miiller's Deutsche Liebe; 
Deutsche Gedichte; Wenkebach's Composition. 

2. Sophomore German — Three hours. Throughout the year. 
Literature of the 18th century. Representative works of Lessing, Schiller 

and Goethe will be read, discussed and compared. 

3. Junior German — Three hours. Throughout the year. 

General view of German Literature. Rapid reading of representative 
authors of each period; reading of selections from German History, Frey- 
tag's Aus dem Jahrhundert des grossen Krieges. Reports on assigned work. 

4. Middle High German — Three hours. Throughout the year. 
Wright's Middle High German Primer; Ein Mittlehochdeutsches Lesebuch; 

Nibelungen Lied; Gundrun; Wolfram Von Eschenbach, etc. 

5. Scientific German — Three hours. Throughout the year. 
Dippold's Scientific German Reader; Uber Bakerien — Cohn. Kurzer 

Abriss der Geschichte der Ckemie will be read. 

ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE 

PROFESSOR JOHNSON 

1. Theory and Practice of English Composition — Two hours. 
Throughout the year. 

This course includes a thorough study of technique and extensive writing 
of short and long themes. There are recitations, lectures and private con- 
ferences. 

lb. Critical Exposition — Long and short themes. Our hour. Through- 
out the year. 

First Semester: Principles of criticism; analysis of prose essay style. 
Second Semester: Argumentation, translation and the analysis of the short 
story. 

♦Bible 3 and 4 may be taken instead of Bible 1 and 2 at the discretion of the teacher. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 35 

2. See Oratory I — Public Speaking. 

3. History of English Literature — Three hours. Throughout the 
year. 

This course deals with the work of all the leading authors from the 
earliest times to the present. Text-books: Moody and Lovett's History of 
English Literature, and Manly's English Poetry. Prerequisite lb. 

4. History of American Literature — Three hours. First Semester. 
This course deals with the development of American Literature and its 

relation to English Literature. A careful study is made of representative 
authors. Not given 1913-1914. 

5a. English Literature of the Seventeenth Century. — Three hours. 
First Semester. 

The object of this course is to give the student a fairly complete knowl- 
edge of the literature produced in England under Charles I, the Common- 
wealth, and the later Stuarts. Particular attention is paid to the poetry of 
Dryden and Milton. 

5b. English Literature of the Eighteenth Century — Three hours. 
First Semester. 

The object of this course is to treat in a manner as exhaustive as possible 
the typical writers of the Eighteenth Century. Parallel reading and essays 
are required. 

7. The Poetry of Chaucer — Three hours. Throughout the year. 
Attention will be paid to the sources from which the poet drew his 

material and to the language, pronunciation, and versification which he 
employs. 

8. Prose Fiction — Three hours. Second Semester. 

The history and technique of the novel are outlined and discussed. 
Masterpieces from each period of development are studied and analyzed. 
Not given 1913-1914. 

9. Shakespeare as a Playwright — Three hours. Throughout the 
year. 

The development of the drama from the miracle plays to Shakespeare's 
time is traced. Shakespeare's plays are then taken up chronologically and 
studied from the standpoint of theatrical effectiveness. 

10. Advanced Composition — Two hours. Throughout the year. 
Given whenever a class of six applies for it. Course 9 is a prerequisite 

for the short-story hour. One hour is devoted to essay-writing, argument 
and debating; the other to short-story writing. Private conferences are 
required. 

MATHEMATICS AND ASTRONOMY 

MATHEMATICS 

PROFESSOR LEHMAN 

1. Advanced Algebra — Four hours. First Semester. 



K 



36 BULLETIN 

Covering ratio and proportion, variation, progressions, the binomial, 
theorem, theorem of undetermined coefficients, logarithms, permutations 
and combinations, theory of equations, etc. 

2. Plane and Spherical Trigonometry — Four hours. Second Sem- 
ester. 

Definitions of trigonometric functions, goniometry, right and oblique 
triangles, measuring angles to compute distances and heights, development 
of trigonometric formulae, solution of right and oblique spherical triangles, 
applications to Astronomy. 

3. Analytic Geometry — Three hours. Throughout the year. 

The equations of the straight line, circle, ellipse, parabola, and hyper- 
bola are studied, numerous examples solved, and as much of the higher 
plane curves and of the geometry of space is covered as time will permit. 

4. Differential Calculus — Three hours. First Semester. 
Differentiation of algebraic and transcendental functions, maxima and 

minima, development into series, tangents, normals, evolutes, envelopes, 
etc. 

5. Integral Calculus — Three hours. Second Semester. 
Integrations, rectification of curves, quadrature of surfaces, cubature 

of solids, etc. 

6. Plane Surveying — Three hours. Second Semester. 

A study of the instruments, field work, computing areas, plotting, level- 
ing, etc. 

7. Differential Equations — Three hours. First Semester. 
A course in the elements of differential equations. Murray. 
Prerequisite, Mathematics 3, 4 and 5. 

8. Analytic Mechanics — Three hours. Second Semester. Bowser. 
Prerequisite, Mathematics 7. 

ASTRONOMY 

PROFESSOR LEHMAN 

1. General Astronomy — Four hours. First Semester. 
The department is provided with a fine four-and-a-half inch achromatic 
telescope equatorially mounted, of which the students make free use. 

HISTORY AND POLITICAL SCIENCE 

PROFESSOR SHENK AND MR. SNAVELY 

1. Mediaeval and Modern History — Three hours. Throughout the 
year. 

A general survey of the history of Western Europe from the barbarian 
invasions to the present time. Text-book, lectures, written tests, special 
papers, collateral readings. Harding, Essentials in Mediaeval and Modern 
History; Robinson's Readings. Required in all groups. 

2. History of England — Three hours. First Semester. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 37 

The early development of the English Constitution, The Tudor dynasty, 
the Puritan Revolution and the Revolution of 1688. 

3. Economic History of the United States — Three hours. Second 
Semester. 

A study of the economic and industrial development of the United 
States. 

4. United States Political and Constitutional History — Three 
hours. Throughout the year. 

A full course covering the colonial and constitutional periods. An ex- 
tensive reading course of original and secondary sources is required. 
Elson: History of the United States. 

5. Political Science — Three hours. First Semester. 

A study of various theories of the State and of the structure and province 
of government. Garner -.Elements of Political Science. 

6. International Law — Three hours. Second Semester. 

A course in the Fundamental Principles of International Law. Much 
time is given to the study of important cases. Lawrence: The Principles 
of International Law. 

ECONOMICS AND SOCIOLOGY 

PROFESSOR SHENK 

1. Economics — Three hours. First Semester. 

A general course in economic theory, supplemented by consideration 
of practical current problems. Careful consideration will be given the 
different points of view of the leading economists. Johnson: Introduction 
to Economics. 

2. Current Labor Problems — Three hours. Second Semester. 

A course devoted to a study of the important labor problems of the pre- 
sent day: Strikes, labor organizations, employer's associations, arbitration, 
trade agreement, labor legislation, etc. 

3. Theory of Sociology — Two hours. Throughout the year. 

The course is intended to give the student a knowledge of the various 
theories of society together with the place of Sociology in the general field 
of learning. 

BIOLOGY 

PROFESSOR DERICKSON AND MR. ARNDT 

1. Plant Biology — Four hours. Throughout the year. 

Three lectures or recitations and two laboratory periods of two hours 
each, per week. The object of the course is to give the student a broad 
general knowledge of the plant kingdom. The form, structure and func- 
tioning of one or more types of each of the divisions of algae, fungi, liver- 
worts, mosses, ferns and flowering plants, are studied. Special attention 
is given to the ontogeny and phylogeny of the several groups suggestive 
of evolution. 



38 BULLETIN 

Experiments are performed in the laboratory to determine some of the 
relations of plants to water, gravitation, temperature and light. Several 
types of seeds are studied as to their structure, germination and develop- 
ment. The principles of classification are learned by the analysis and 
identification of representatives of at least twenty-five orders of sperma- 
tophytes. 

The laboratory and class-room work is supplemented by frequent field 
trips. 

Each student is supplied with a compound microscope, dissecting in- 
struments, note and drawing materials, and portfolio. 

Required of Freshmen in Chemical-Biological group. Elective for others. 

Text-books: Text-book of Botany, Coulter, Barnes, and Cowles. Gray's 
New manual of Botany, Laboratory and Field Manual of Botany, Bergen 
and Davis. 

2. Animal Biology — Four hours. Throughout the year. 

Three lectures and two laboratory periods of two hours each, per week. 

The principles of biology are learned by making a careful comparative 
study of representatives of several phyla of animals. The amoeba, euglena, 
Paramecium, vorticella, sponge, hydra, starfish, earthworm, crayfish, 
grasshopper, mussel, amphioxus and frog are studied. A careful study is 
made of the embryology of the frog. The process of development is closely 
watched from the segmenting of the egg until metamorphosis takes place. 
Each student is taught the principles of technic by preparing and section- 
ing embryos at various stages of development. From these and other 
microscopic preparations the development of the internal organs and 
origin of tissues is studied. This is followed by a histological study of the 
tissues of the adult frog. 

Each student is required to keep a record of all work done in the labo- 
ratory in carefully prepared notes and drawings. 

For Sophomores in the Chemical-Biological group. Elective for others. 

Text-books: Hegner's College Zoology, Holms', The Frog. 

3. Comparative Vertebrate Antomy — Four hours. Throughout 
the year. Six hours' laboratory work and two conferences each week. 

The course consists of the dissection and thorough study of a suctorial 
fish, a cartilaginous fish, a bony fish, an amphibian, a reptile, a bird and 
a mammal. Carefully labeled drawings are required of each student 
as a record of each dissection. 

Text-books: Pratt's Vertebrate Zoology, Kingsley's Text-book of Vertebrate 
Zoology. 

4. ""Vertebrate Histology and Embryology — Four hours. 

Histology. 

Two conferences and six hours' laboratory work per week. 

♦Biology 3 and Biology 4 are given in alternate years. Biology 3 will be given in 
1914-1915. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 39 

The normal histology of the human body is made the basis of the class 
work. Each student is required to acquire a practical knowledge of all 
phases of histological technic. 

All the tissues as well as the structure of all of the organs of the body are 
studied. Each student prepares about one hundred and fifty slides. 

Text-book: A Manual of Histology and Organography, Hill. 

Elective for Juniors and Seniors. 

Embryology — Second week in March to the end of the year. Two 
lectures and six hours laboratory work per week. The laboratory work is 
based on the development of the chick and comparisons made with that 
of the frog and mammal. A study is made of living embryos at various 
stages of development. These are later killed, prepared and sectioned by 
the student for the study of the development of the internal organs. Fully 
labeled drawings are required. 

Text-book: Introduction to Vertebrate Embryology, Reese. 

Elective for Juniors and Seniors. 

CHEMISTRY 

PROFESSOR WANNER AND MR. UHRICH 

1. General Chemistry — Four hours. Throughout the year. 

Three hours lectures and recitations and four hours laboratory work. 

Non-metals and their compounds. 

Metals and their compounds, and some qualitative analysis. 

The laboratory work comprises about two hundred and fifty experi- 
ments in general inorganic chemistry, followed by qualitative analysis. 

Text-book: Remsen's College Chemistry. 

While the course presupposes no previous knowledge of chemistry, it is 
advisable to have completed a course in elementary chemistry. 

2. Qualitative Analysis — Four hours. First Semester. 

One hour lecture and a minimum of eight hours laboratory work. First 
semester. 

Pre-requisite Chemistry I. 

Methods of separating and detecting the bases. The six groups. 

Methods of separating and detecting the acids. The analysis of solids, 
including both acids and bases. 

The laboratory work comprises: First, a study of the reactions of the 
metallic salts; Second, the separation and detection of the acids and bases. 

The student is required to analyze a number of unknown substances 
both in solid and liquid form. 

Text-book: Prescott and Johnson's Qualitative Analysis. 

3. Quantitative Analysis — Four hours. Second Semester. 

One hour lecture and a minimum of eight hours laboratory work. Second 
Semester. 

Pre-requisite Chemistry 2. 



40 BULLETIN 

A few simple gravimetric and volumetric determinations and a study of 
the chemical operations involved. 

The determinations of the more important elements. The analysis of 
limestone. The analysis of a few common ores and alloys. 

Text-book: Talbot's Quantitative Analysis. 

4. Quantitative Analysis — Four hours. Throughout the year. 
One hour lecture and eight hours laboratory work. 
Pre-requisite Chemistry 3. 

Advanced gravimetric analysis. 
Advanced volumetric analysis. 
Text -book: Fresenius, Quantitative Analysis. 

5. Organic Chemistry — Four hours. Throughout the year. 
Two hours lectures and six hours laboratory work. 
Pre-requisite Chemistry I. 

Introduction to, and study of the fundamental principles of organic 
chemistry. 

The aliphatic compounds. 

The aromatic compounds. 

The laboratory work consists in the preparation and purification of a 
number of typical organic compounds. 

Text-books: Remsen's Organic Chemistry, and Cohen's Practical Organic 
Chemistry (laboratory manual.) 

6. Industrial Chemistry — Four hours lectures and recitation. 
Pre-requisite Chemistry I. 

A study of the practical applications of chemistry. 

Trips are taken to industrial plants in the immediate vicinity. 

Text-book: Thorpe's Outlines of Industrial Chemistry. 

GEOLOGY 

PROFESSOR WANNER 

1. General Geology. — Four hours. Second Semester. 
Four hours lectures and recitations. 
Dynamical, structural and historical geology. 

Also some practical work in the geological field trips in the immediate 
vicinity. 
Text-book: Scott's Introduction to Geology. 

AGRICULTURE 

PROFESSOR WANNER 

1. Agriculture — Four hours. First Semester. 

Four hours lectures and recitations and four hours laboratory work. 
First Semester. 

A study of the principles and some of the practical applications of farm- 
ing. 

Text-book: Warren's Elements of Agriculture. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 41 

PHYSICS 

PROFESSOR GRIMM 

1. General Physics — Four hours. Throughout the year. Three hours 
lecture and recitations and four hours laboratory work. 

First Semester — Mechanics of solids, liquids and gases. Sound. 

Second Semester — Heat, light, magnetism, and electricity. 

The aim of the course is to give the student a good knowledge of college 
physics. 

Text-books: Kimball's College Physics. Ames and Bliss's Manual of 
Experiments in Physics, Nichol's Laboratory Manual of Physics and Applied 
Electricity. 

Prerequisite — Mathematics 1 and 2. 

PHYSICAL CULTURE 

The Physical work from the opening of school to December 1 consists 
of out-door sports, and, although not compulsory, all are urged to partici- 
pate. Most stress is placed on the training of the Varsity football team, 
however, and as much attention as possible is given to the teaching of the 
rudiments to inexperienced men. Tennis is the other sport offered at this 
season. Fall tournaments for both men and women are arranged. Much 
interest has been shown recently in this sport. We now have three fine 
courts on the campus and if the interest continues more will have to be 
added. 

Our indoor work begins December 1 and lasts until the end of the winter 
term. This work consists of gymnastic classes two days a week and is com- 
pulsory for all Sophomores, Freshman, and Preparatory students. One 
hour credit is received for this work. Juniors and Seniors may elect this 
course but receive no credit. 

The work will consist of marching, calisthenic drills, elementary work 
on the heavy apparatus, folk dancing and group games. 

The aim of the course will be to keep the students in good physical con- 
dition and to prepare them to handle similar work in grade or high 
schools. 

Besides the required work, opportunity is given for basket ball, hand 
ball, volley ball, indoor base ball, and special apparatus work outside of 
class hours. 

i In the spring opportunity is given for baseball, track, and tennis. 
Representative teams are selected in each of these sports and schedules 
arranged with other colleges. The spring work, like that of the fall, is not 
compulsory but every student is urged to select at least one of these sports. 

1. Freshman Physical Culture — One-half hour. Two hours per 
week, December 1 to April 1. 

2. Sophomore Physical Culture — One-half hour. Two hours per 
week December 1 to April 1. 



42 BULLETIN 

ORATORY AND PUBLIC SPEAKING 

PROFESSOR ADAMS 

The work of this department is primarily personal culture, the highest 
development of the personality of the student. "The development of the 
art of oratory is the development of the orator himself." 

The course of Oratory affords opportunity for those who wish to develop 
their powers of expression either as interpreters or creative thinkers, 
through the interpretive study of the finest in literature. As the interpre- 
tation and adequate expression of the literature demands a high degree of 
mental activity at the moment of speech, and the student must think and 
feel with the author, his mental and spiritual powers are quickened with 
every step, and his progress tested by his ability to move his audience, 
the class. 

The course requires two years of study of prescribed work. Upon the 
completion of the studies a certificate is awarded. 

Students entering the regular course must have had a high school course 
or its equivalent. 

GENERAL OUTLINE 

1. Public Speaking. (English 2) 

Orations, Debate, Extemporaneous Speaking, Impersonations. 

2. Voice Training. 

Vocal Technique, Placing, Tone Color. 

3. Literary Interpretation. 

Evolution of Expression; Laws of Art; Poetic Interpretation. 

4. Dramatic and Platform Art. 

Shakespeare, Dramatic Training, Deportment, Private Lessons. 

5. Physical Training. 

Expressive Physical Culture, Gesture, Response. 

6. English and Literature. 

Rhetoric, Composition, History of English Literature. 

7. Pedagogy. 

Psychology, Normal Training, Methods. 

DESCRIPTION OF COURSES 

1. Public Speaking. (English 2) One hour. Throughout the year. 

Required of Sophomores. Open to others at discretion of instructor. 

This aims to give the student practice in the fundamentals of oral ex- 
pression. Physical and voice exercises for securing poise, freedom and 
unity, breathing and articulation, placing and radiation of tones. 

Study of the lives and methods of great orators. Drill in interpreting 
and delivering orations and other forms of literature. 

Extemporaneous speaking, arguments, occasional speeches and original 
orations, impersonation, characterization, dramatic study and presenta- 
tion of scenes from some of Shakespeare's plays. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 43 

2. Voice Training. Exercises for breath control, for freeing of voice 
by proper placing and direction of tone, purity, flexibility, radiation, 
resonance, and power; pitch, volume and inflection in emphasis. Tone 
color and form, ideal and imaginative qualities in tone. Diction. 

Given daily throughout course. 

3. Literary Interpretation. Development of the principles of Pub- 
lic Address. 

a. Evolution of Expression. Two hours. Throughout the year. Study 
of selections from great orators, essayists, poets and dramatists. Practical 
drill work before class for developing power of student through application 
of principles to his individual needs. Personal criticism and guidance to 
bring out originality of Student. 

b. Prefective Laws of Art. Two hours. Throughout the year. Ex- 
pressive study of different forms of literature with particular attention to 
the laws of art which logically follow the sixteen steps of the Evolution. 
Dramatic work. 

(Two hours credit in college is given for each of above courses, o and b, 
when taken with one private lesson a week.) 

c. Poetic Interpretation. One hour. Throughout the year. Special 
interpretative and critical study of the great poets, with presentation and 
criticism before class, to acquaint student with masters of literary art, to 
develop appreciation of music and suggestiveness of poetry, and imagina- 
tive and poetic elements in work. Study of poetic forms. 

Attention is given to the choice, adaptation, and abridgement of selec- 
tions for public reading. 

4. Dramatic and Platform Art. One hour. Throughout the year. 
Interpretation and dramatic study of Hamlet, Macbeth, Othello, Merchant 
of Venice, Julius Caesar and As You Like It. Presentation of prepared 
scenes for criticism. Practical work in stage business, deportment and 
grouping. 

Platform deportment, correct bearing and presentation before audience. 
Platform methods and traditions. Pantomime, study of emotions. Free- 
dom and responsiveness in bodily expression. 

Sketches and plays are given from time to time during the year, which 
with the annual college play provide special dramatic training for many. 

Private lessons, with attention to the special needs of the students, 
either in overcoming habits, or in personal development and repertoire, 
are given throughout the course to supplement the class work. More time 
is given to selections, arrangement of programs, writing introductions, etc. 
One hour a week. 

5. Physical training. Exercises for securing poise, bearing, freedom 
and ease in movement; to gain control over body and render it responsive 
to thought. Response in bearing and dramatic attitudes. Gesture drill 
for definite expressions through different realms. 



44 BULLETIN 

Given daily throughout course. 

6. English and Literature. 

Composition and Rhetoric. (English 1.) 
English 1-b, and English Literature. (English 3.) 

7. Psychology. Philosophy 1. 

Normal Training and Methods. One hour. Throughout the year. Prac- 
tice in teaching and class management. Under the direction and criticism 
of the instructor the Seniors conduct class work, lecture upon principles 
and discuss their application. 

Recitals. A recital is given at least once a term for which the students 
are carefully prepared. These afford the students public platform practice 
by which they gain confidence and experience. 

Each Senior is required to adapt and arrange a program for a public 
recital, from some piece of literature approved by the instructor. 

TUITION 

Matriculation and Physical Culture, $6.00. Non-resident students may 
be exempted from physical culture. 

All tuition is payable in advance. No reduction is allowed for absence 
for the first or second week of the terms, nor for lessons missed during the 
terms except in case of protracted illness. 

Regular Course, fall term $30, winter and spring terms each $25. 

Special courses in Literary Interpretation, with one private lesson a 
week, fall term, $15, winter and spring terms, each $12.50. 

Private lessons, $1.00. 

Other classes will be formed when there is a call for any special line of 
work. 

Fee for certificate, $2.50. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 45 

REGISTER OF STUDENTS 

Graduate Students 

Fleming, Mervin R., A.B., B.D Baltimore, Md. 

Linebach, Norman, L., A.B., B.D Hershey, Pa. 

Mulhollen, Victor D., A.B Lebanon, Pa. 

Seniors 

Arndt, Charles H Annville, Pa. 

Bachman, Catherine B Annville, Pa. 

Charlton, Harry H N. Bellerica, Mass. 

Harnish, Leray Bowers Carlisle, Pa. 

Heffelfinger, Victor M Annville, Pa. 

Landis, Edgar M Myerstown, Pa. 

Lyter, Thomas B Harrisburg, Pa. 

Lyter, John Bowman Harrisburg, Pa. 

Meyer, E. May Annville, Pa. 

Mutch, C. Edward Schuylkill Haven, Pa. 

Olewiler, Howard L York, Pa. 

Reddick, D. Leonard Walkersville, Md. 

Risser, Blanche M Campbelltown, Pa. 

Rodes, Lester A York, Pa. 

Schmidt, Carl F Lebanon, Pa. 

Smith, Edward H Annville, Pa. 

Snavely, Henry Elias Lebanon, Pa. 

Snyder, Martha E Chambersburg, Pa. 

Stager, William S Lebanon, Pa. 

Strickler, Paul L Lebanon, Pa. 

Uhrich, Clarence H Hershey, Pa. 

Urich, M. Josephine Annville, Pa. 

Walters, J. Allen Lebanon, Pa. 

Weidler, Russell M Coatesville, Pa. 

Zimmerman, D. Ellis Annville, Pa. 

Juniors 

Bender, Harry M Annville, Pa. 

Blough, Gideon L Annville, Pa. 

Bowman, Paul J Middletown, Pa. 

Eby, Ira Clyde Lebanon, Pa. 

Engle, Ruth E Palmyra, Pa. 

Engle, Ruth V Hummelstown, Pa. 

Engle, Larene Hummelstown, Pa. 

Gibble, Phares B Annville, Pa. 

Houser, Ethel I Baltimore, Md. 

Irwin, Mary L Harrisburg, Pa. 



46 BULLETIN 

Jamison, Verling M Warsaw, Ind. 

Jones, John Paradise, Pa. 

Kiracofe, Myra G Hagerstown, Md. 

Leister, J. Maurice Cocolamus, Pa. 

Lerew, John W Dillsburg, Pa. 

Mentz, Florence C York, Pa. 

Ness, John H Yoe, Pa. 

Orris, Mae Belle Steelton, Pa. 

Shearer, Frank Harrisburg, Pa. 

Snavely, Carl G Ramey, Pa. 

Statton, Philo A Hagerstown, Md. 

Stengle, Faber E Oberlin, Pa. 

Stickel, Ralph. . . Waynesboro, Pa. 

Van Schaack, Frank M Harrisburg, Pa. 

Weaver, Alvin L Annville, Pa. 

Young, David E Manheim, Pa. 

Zug, Lester B Chambersburg, Pa. 

Sophomores 

Beaverson, Naomi D York, Pa. 

Black, Violet Blanche Annville, Pa. 

Blauch, Victor R Annville, Pa. 

Brenneman, C. E Windsor, Pa. 

Brubaker, Raymond E Lebanon, Pa. 

Crabill, Ralph E Hanover, Pa. 

Curry, Conrad K Swatara Station, Pa. 

Deitzler, C. J Fredericksburg, Pa. 

Ernst, Ira Sankey -. . Hagerstown, Md. 

Evans, David J Lykens, Pa. 

Gingrich, Ruth A Lebanon, Pa. 

Gruber, E. Viola Campbelltown, Pa. 

Hartz, Robert E Palmyra, Pa. 

Heintzelman, Esther Chambersburg, Pa. 

Heintzelman, S. Huber Chambersburg, Pa. 

Hollinger, Joseph K Lebanon, Pa. 

Holtzinger, Charles Henry Annville, Pa. 

Innerst, J. Stewart Dallastown, Pa. 

Light, Raymond H Annville, Pa. 

Long, D. Mason Annville, Pa. 

Long, John Annville, Pa. 

Mathias, Josephine S Highspire, Pa. 

McNelly, Willis Pdttstown, Pa. 

Moyer, Esther K Hershey, Pa. 

Myers, Vera Longsdorf , Pa. 

Oyler, Helen Chambersburg, Pa. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 47 

Shaud, Albert G Annville, Pa. 

Shenberger, Jacob F Dallastown, Pa. 

Snyder, Addie Ethel Lebanon, Pa. 

Whiskeyman, Ruth Annville, Pa. 

Whitmeyer, Paul Annville, Pa. 

Zuse, Clayton H Myersville, Md. 

Freshmen 

Bachman, Esther M Annville, Pa. 

Bachman, Paul Theodore Annville, Pa. 

Bergdoll, Mary A York, Pa. 

Boeshore, Harry F Lebanon, Pa. 

Boltz, Kathryn A Annville, Pa. 

Brunner, Evan C Myersville, Md. 

Carl, Boyd C Pine Grove, Pa. 

Clark, Pauline Hershey, Pa. 

Dando, Harry S Lebanon, Pa. 

Dasher, Katherine Harrisburg, Pa. 

Daugherty, Mary Lucinda Columbia, Pa. 

Donohue, Joseph Shamokin, Pa. 

Durzulaitis, James Mt. Carmel, Pa. 

Engle, Allen B Palmyra, Pa. 

Fink, David Annville, Pa. 

Fink, Homer F Annville, Pa. 

Gantz, Lillian Annville, Pa. 

Garver, Mary E Lebanon, Pa. 

Gehrleindaub, Anna Reading, Pa. 

Hartman, Earl Red Lion, Pa. 

Herring, John H Pine Grove, Pa. 

Henry, Louise A Annville, Pa. 

Horstick, Charles B Campbelltown, Pa 

Huber, Ruth Hershey Williamson, Pa. 

Kleffman, Albert Henry Baltimore, Md. 

Light, Claude F Annville, Pa. 

Loomis, Charles H Harrisburg, Pa. 

Long, Abram M Annville, Pa. 

Miller, Nancy Margaret Lebanon, Pa. 

Maul, H. C Hanover, Pa. 

Mutch, M. Ella. .... Schuylkill Haven, Pa. 

Myers, Margaret Altoona, Pa. 

Page, Flora M Lebanon, Pa. 

Reigel, Harvey Lebanon, Pa. 

Risser, Harold W Campbelltown, Pa. 

Rutherford, Joseph D Royalton, Pa. 

Rupp, Russel Harrisburg, Pa. 



48 BULLETIN 

Sherk, A. Herman Annville, Pa. 

Shonk, Alvin E Mt. Joy, Pa. 

Smith, Florence Dallastown, Pa. 

Snavely, Earl Russel Ramey, Pa. 

Snyder, Mabel Lebanon, Pa. 

Snyder, Lester F Red Lion, Pa. 

Stine, Frank L Annville, Pa. 

Swartz, Ross Hummelstown, Pa. 

Swartz, William K Middletown, Pa. 

Taylor, Ruth Jersey Shore, Pa. 

Umberger, Leroy O Hummelstown, Pa. 

Wagner, Paul S Hershey, Pa. 

Wagner, W. Dwight Red Lion, Pa. 

Wareheim, Esta Baltimore, Md. 

Weaver, Elta Annville, Pa. 

Wenrich, Marlin Hummelstown, Pa. 

Williams, Reuben W York, Pa. 

Wolfe, Violet I Lebanon, Pa. 

Zeigler, Edwin Harold Elizabethville, Pa. 

Ziegler, Helen E York, Pa. 

Special Students 

Dubble, Anna I Myerstown, Pa. 

Eichelberger, Earl Oberlin, Pa. 

Huber, Michael K Lickdale, Pa. 

Keboch, F. D Hershey, Pa. 

Kendig, Lillian Shippensburg, Pa. 

Kratzer, Clayton C Middleburg, Pa. 

Kreider, Emma R Lebanon, Pa. 

Lynch, Clyde A Harrisburg, Pa. 

Lutz, P. Henry Denver, Pa. 

March, J. G Dover, Pa. 

Mickey, William Earl Harrisburg, Pa. 

Moll, Richard M Robesonia, Pa. 

Pell, Thomas Lykens, Pa. 

Spitler, H Jonestown, Pa. 

Steinhauer, Ruth Lemoyne, Pa. 

Von Bereghy, Marcel Harrisburg, Pa. 

Yarrison, Guy R Carroll, Pa. 

Oratory Students 

Students doing special work in Oratory 

Baker, Maude .- Shippensburg, Pa. 

Donmoyer, Jeanette. Lebanon, Pa. 

Dubble, Anna Myerstown, Pa. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 49 

Kreider, Kathryn Palmyra, Pa. 

Leitheiser, Margaret Hershey , Pa. 

McGowan, Jennie Lebanon, Pa. 

Nissley, Mary Middletown, Pa. 

Regular students in Oratory department 7 

Students matriculated in other departments who receive instruction in 
oratory 15 

Total receiving instruction in oratory 22 

SUMMARY 

Graduate Students 3 

Seniors 25 

Juniors 27 

Sophomores 32 

Freshmen 57 

Special Students 17 

Total in college 161 

Academy 54 

Conservatory 82 

Department of Oratory 7 

Department of Art 13 

Total in all departments 317 

Names repeated 12 

Total Enrollment 305 



DEGREES CONFERRED JUNE, 1913 

Doctor of Divinity 

I. E. Runk John W. Owen 

Master of u Music 

J. H. Ruebush - 

Bachelor of Arts 

Boughter, Ezekiel Kephart Ressler, Ivan L. 

Christeson, Florence E. Richie, G. Adolphus 

Clippinger, Florence E. , Roberts, Palmer F. 

Home, Clara K Sherk, John E. 

Klinger, Landis R. Spessard, Lottie May 

Lehman, Edith M Ulrich, Harry Edwin 

Leininger, John F. Ulrich, Charles Y. 

Light, Boaz G Wert, Mark Hopkins 

Mulhollen, Victor D. Williams, George Albert 

Rechard, Elizabeth Hay Yarkes, Edna E. 

Zimmerman, Sara Esther 



Lebanon Valley Academy 



Preparatory School 



OF 



Lebanon Valley College 



FOUNDED 1866 



ANNVILLE, PA. 



SCHOOL CALENDAR 



1913-1914 

1913 
September 8-9, Examination and Registration of Students. 
September 10, Wednesday, College year began. 
November 21, Friday, Anniversary of Clionian Literary Society. 
November 27-28, Thanksgiving Recess. 
December 19, Friday, Christmas Recess began. 

1914 
January, 5, Monday, 1 p. m., Christmas Recess ended. 
January 19-23, Mid-year examinations. 
January 22, Thursday, Day of Prayer for Colleges. 
January 26, Monday, 7:45 a. m., Second Semester begins. 
February 8, Sunday, Day of Prayer for Students. 
March 18, 4:00 p. m., Spring Recess begins. 
March 25, 9:00 a. m., Spring Recess ends. 
April 3, Anniversary Kalozetean Literary Society. 
May 1, Anniversary Philokosmian Literary Society. 
May 27-28-29, Senior final examinations. 
May 30, Memorial Day. 
June 1-5, Final Examinations. 
June 6, 7:45 p. m., Academy Commencement. 

June 7, Sunday, 10:30 a. m., Baccalaureate Sermon by President G. D. 
Gossard, D.D. 

7:30 p. m., Address before the Christian Associations. 
June 8, Monday, 7:45 p. m., Exercises by the Graduating Classes in Music 

and Oratory. 
June 9, Tuesday, 9:00 a. m., Meeting of Board of Trustees. 

2:00 p. m., Class Day Exercises. 

7:45 p. m., Junior Oratorical Contest. 
June 10, Wednesday, 10:00 a. m., Forty-eighth Annual Commencement. 

1914-1915 

1914 
September 7-8, Examination and Registration of Students. 
September 9, Wednesday, 9:00 a. m., Instruction begins. 
November 20, Friday, Anniversary Clionian Literary Society. 
November 25, Wednesday, 4:00 p. m., Thanksgiving Recess begins. 
November 30, Monday, 9:00 a. m., Thanksgiving Recess ends. 
December 18, Friday, 4:00 p. m., Christmas Recess begins. 

1915 
January 4, Monday, 1:00 p. m., Christmas Recess ends. 
January 18-22, Mid-year Examinations. 
April 1, 4:00 p. m., Easter Recess begins. 
April 5, 4:00, p. m., Easter Recess ends. 
June 2, Forty-ninth Annual Commencement. 



FACULTY 

SAMUEL O. GRIMM, B.Pd., A.B. 
Principal 

ROY G. GUYER, A.B., B.P.E. 
Latin 

LESTER A. RODES 

History and Mathematics 

■ FLORENCE BOEHM 
Drawing 

PHILO A. STATTON 

Mathematics 

MARY I. IRWIN 

English 

EDGAR M. LANDIS 

Physical Geography 

FRANK M. VAN SCHAACK 
English 

CATHERINE B. BACHMAN 
English 

CHARLES H. ARNDT 
Biology 

PAUL L. STRICKLER 
Assistant in Physical Laboratory 



54 BULLETIN 

HISTORICAL 

Lebanon Valley Academy was established in 1866. For forty-seven 
years it has cherished the ideals of full and accurate scholarship, and the 
development of character that fits one for the largest service to society. 
From its inception, college preparatory work has been its main purpose 
but its curriculum has been well adapted to the needs of those who have 
entered immediately into practical life or professional study. 

BUILDING 

The historic Academy Building has been completely remodeled at an 
expense of about $3,000 and is now devoted entirely to the use of the 
Academy. The Academy building is now an imposing three-story struc- 
ture facing Main street in the beautiful town of Annville and to the rear 
is the large college campus. The building is electrically lighted and heated 
by steam. It is provided with hot and cold water, shower baths and all 
modern conveniences. On the first floor are found the principal's office, 
general assembly room and reception room ; on the second and third floors 
are provided the principal's apartments and accomodations for twenty-eight 
boys as well as a Society Hall. 

EXAMINATIONS 

Examinations are held at the close of each half year. Other examinations 
will be held whenever the completion of a subject warrants such exami- 
nation. At this time reports are sent to parents and guardians. More fre- 
quent reports are sent when requested by parents. In the Academy records, 
A, signifies excellent; B, very good; C, fair; D, low but passing; E, con- 
ditioned; F, repeat in class. An "E" record may be removed by a test on 
any part of the course in which the record is poor. For such test a fee of 
one dollar is charged. An "F" may not be removed by a special exami- 
nation. 

For special tests, given on work not completed because of absence or 
otherwise, a fee of one dollar is charged. For special examinations a fee of 
two dollars is charged. 

ADMISSION 

The applicant should be at least twelve years of age. While no entrance 
examination is required it is expected that the applicant shall have com- 
pleted the ordinary common school branches. 

Each student should bring with him a certified statement of work done 
in the school last attended. Blanks for such certification will be provided 
by the school. Tentative credit will be given for work thus certified, and 
the student will be permitted to take up his work as near as possible where 
he left off, but any previous work found to be unsatisfactory will have to 
be repeated. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 55 

Students will be received at any time, but in general it is to the student's 
advantage to enter in September, or less preferably at the beginning of 
the second Semester. However, the applicant usually finds enough work 
if he enters at any time. 

SUPERVISION 

All students except day students are required to room in the Academy 
building where they are under the constant supervision of the principal. 
Thus they not only profit by such personal supervision, but they have 
opportunities for help and encouragement not possible to other students. 
Futhermore, living in an atmosphere of activity and application to work, 
the student can apply himself more effectively to his own work. 

Association with boys from other sections, with boys of more experience, 
will necessarily enlarge the horizon of the boy who has always lived within 
limited territory and will increase his breadth of vision and augment his 
usefulness in a larger life than he could otherwise have known. 

DISCIPLINE 

The institution has very few rules and regulations. Nothing is required 
but that which is necessary for the smooth progress of the school and for 
the attainment of the best work from students. Our endeavor is to en- 
courage industry, knowing that then occasions for discipline will seldom 
occur. The system is intended to teach boys and girls so that they may 
be able to care for themselves when they enter college or enter the fields 
of industrial or social activity. We extend no encouragement to the student 
who has vicious habits and is not inclined to be law abiding. 

GRADUATION 

Any student who has completed fifteen units of work as outlined in the 
courses of study, provided that he has completed three units of Mathe- 
matics, three units of English, three units of Latin, one unit of Science, 
and one unit of History, shall be entitled to the school diploma. If the 
candidate desires to enter Lebanon Valley College he shall arrange his work 
to meet the entrance requirements for the several courses. 

Students having completed only a partial course will be given certifi- 
cates for such work upon request. 

EXPENSES 

Matriculation and Physical Culture $10.00 

Tuition, per Year 50.00 

For twenty-four hours or less the tuition is $50. Each additional hour 
per semester, or half-year, $1.50. 

Children of ministers are required to pay one-half regular tuition. 

When two members of the same family attend school at the same time, 
a reduction of ten per cent from the tuition charge is allowed. 



5C BULLETIN 

All students taking the work in the Academy are required to pay a 
special Publication and Christian Work fee of $2. In consideration of the 
payment of the above the students receive the College News and the 
privileges of the Christian Associations. 

Laboratory Fees 

Elementary Physics, per semester $3.00 

Elementary Chemistry, per semester 4.00 

Biology 4.00 

Boarding 

Regular students are charged $3.50 per week or $133 per year, if paid in 
advance. 

Eive-day students are charged $2.50 per week (fifteen meals) or $95 per 
year, if paid in advance. 

Day students may obtain meal tickets at the rate of twenty-five cents 
per meal, if paid in advance. 

The authorities prefer that all students who room in the Academy 
Building should board at the Dining Hall. 

Room-Rent 

The rates in the Academy Building when rooms are taken for one person 
only, range from $15 to $50 per year. When two or more students occupy 
one room the rates range from $10 to $35 for each student per year. 

A deposit fee of $2 is required from each student who occupies a room 
in the Academy building. 

Every student is charged with the furnishings of the room at the opening 
of the school year, and if the furniture and room and halls are in good con- 
dition when the students vacate, a portion or all of the deposit is returned. 

The minimum expenditure in the Academy for one year may be as 
follows: Boarding $133; Tuition $50; Room Rent $10; Matriculation 
and Physical Culture $10; Publication and Christian work fee $2; 
Deposit fee $2, a portion of which may be returned. These items 
aggregate $207, less $5 if entire amount is paid in advance, which makes 
the minimum expenditure in the Academy $202. This estimate does not 
include books, nor laboratory fees. 

Ten per cent will be added to all payments that are deferred more than 
ten days after the time when the installments are due. 

These rates are fixed by special act of the Board of Trustees. Failure 
to pay a bill before another falls due will exclude a student from classes 
and the privileges of the Academy. 

The regular Academy expenses are divided into four installments, and 
students are required to pay each installment in advance. One-fifth of the 
expenses is due at the opening of the school year; one-fifth, November 1; 
three-tenths, January 5, and three-tenths, March 27 

No reduction will be made for tuition and room-rent, for a semester, 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 57 

except for protracted sickness. In case of long continued illness, the loss 
is shared equally by the Academy and the student. 

No reduction will be made for table board, for an absence of less than 
one week, and then only in case of sickness, or important duties that com- 
pel the student to be absent from his Academy work. Reductions cannot 
be allowed for banquet trips, or club trips, or athletic trips. 

Students are required to furnish their own towels, napkins, soap, and 
all bed furnishings, except mattresses. 

Any student who receives beneficiary aid from the institution, may be 
called upon to render service for all or part of the aid so received. 

Opportunity for self-help is extended to a limited number of students 
in the Academy, who may serve as waiters or janitors. In each case the 
term of service is thirty-eight weeks. Close application is required to the 
work assigned. Neglect of duty is sufficient cause for the removal of the 
student from the position. 

DESCRIPTION OF COURSES 

A unit represents a year's study in any subject and is reckoned to be a 
quarter of the entire amount of work required of each student. However, 
the four years of English aggregate but three units. 

For graduation fifteen units are required. The following courses are re- 
quired of all applicants. 

Latin a, b and c 3 units 

English a, b, c and d 3 units 

Mathematics a, a-2, c and b or d 3 units 

History 1 unit 

Science 1 unit 

Foreign Language 1 unit 

Total 12 units 

The remaining 3 units may be chosen from the following list. 
Physical Culture is required of all students for which one-half unit 
credit may be given. 

OUTLINE OF COURSES 
First Year 

Latin a Beginners' Latin 3 hours 

English a English Grammar and Classics 4 hours 

Mathematics a Advanced Arithmetic 4 hours 

Mathematics a-2 First Year Algebra 5 hours 

tScience a Physical Geography 4 hours 

fDrawing .4 houri 

Second Year 

Latin b Caesar and Composition 4 hour 



58 BULLETIN 

English b Rhetoric and Classics 4 hours 

Mathematics c Plane Geometry 4 hours 

fHistory c ) Ancient History 4 hours 

fHistory d ) 

f Geometrical Drawing 4 hours 

Third Year 

Latin c Cicero and Composition 4 hours 

English c American Literature and Classics 4 hours 

German a Beginner's German 4 hours 

f dence c i * \ f° [o *y • • ■ • V I 4 hours 

Science e ) ( Elementary Chemistry ) 

fHistory b English History 4 hours 

Senior Year 

Latin d ) ( Virgil and Composition 4 hours 

German b [ ** i Second Year German 4 hours 

Greek a ) ( First Year Greek 5 hours 

Science d Elementary Physics 4 hours 

English d College Entrance Requirements 4 hours 

Mathematics d ) ** j Solid Geometry ) 4 hours 

Mathematics b ) \ Second Year Algebra [ 

History a American History and Civics 4 hours 

fElective 

""Required for graduates in Scientific Course. 

**Choose one. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 59 



DESCRIPTION OF COURSES 



ENGLISH 

a-1. English Grammar — Advanced. First Semester. Four hours. 

This course is required of all pupils who have not had high school gram- 
mar. Weekly themes are required. Reading: Irving's Sketch Book and 
Cooper's The Last of the Mohicans. 

a-2. Composition and Rhetoric — Second Semester. Four hours. 

Herrick and Damon's New Composition and Rhetoric. 

Theme work based on experience and assignments for reading. Reading : 
Scott's Ivanhoe, Coleridge's The Ancient Mariner, Shakespeare's The Mer- 
chant of Venice, Scott's Marmion. 

b. Composition and Rhetoric — Throughout the year. One hour. 
Herrick and Damon's New Composition and Rhetoric. 

Reading and Practice — Throughout the year. Three hours. 

George Eliot's Silas Marner, Shakespeare's As You Like It, Addison 
and Steele's The DeCoverly Papers, Dickens' A Tale of Two Cities, Bunyan's 
Pilgrim's Progress, Goldsmith's The Deserted Village, Goldsmith's The 
Vicar of Wakefield. 

c. American Literature — Throughout the year. One hour. 
Newcomer's American Literature, rhetoric continued. 
Reading and Practice — Throughout the year. Two hours. 

Oral reading and careful study of Franklin's Autobiography, Haw- 
thorne's The House of Seven Gables, Hawthorne's Twice Told Tales, Shakes- 
peare's Julius Caesar, Tennyson's Idyl's of the King, Longfellow's Narra- 
tive Poems, Poe's Poems and Tales, Whittier's Snowbound. 

Composition. — Throughout the year. One hour. 

Weekly themes required. 

d. Composition and Rhetoric — Throughout the year. One hour. 
Herrick and Damon's New Composition and Rhetoric concluded. Weekly 

themes required. 

English Literature — Throughout the year. One hour. 

Newcomer's English Literature. 

Reading and Practice — Critical study of the English classics pre- 
scribed for college entrance. 

Shakespeare's Macbeth, Milton's Minor Poems, Tennyson's The Princess, 
Washington's Farewell Address, Webster's Bunker Hill Oration, Carlyle's 
Essay on Burns. 



LATIN 

The following Latin courses are arranged in accordance with the College 
Entrance Requirements. 



60 BULLETIN 

Latin a — Beginners' Latin. Throughout the year. Five hours. One 
unit. 

Pearson's Essentials of Latin is completed. Special emphasis is placed 
on the memorizing and classification of grammatical forms. Constant 
practice in turning short sentences illustrating the fundamental rules of 
syntax into Latin is required. 

Latin b — Caesar. Throughout the year. Four hours. One unit. 

Caesar's Gallic Wars, Books: I, IV. Thirty-six lessons in composition 
based on the text with as much sight reading as possible is required. Allen 
and Greenough's Latin Grammar. 

Latin c — Cicero. Throughout the year. Four hours. One unit. 

Cicero's Manilian Law, Catiline I-IV and Pro Archais. D'Oge's Latin 
Composition. Allen and Greenough's Latin Grammar. 

Latin d — Virgil. Throughout the year. Four hours. One unit. 

Virgil's Aeneid I-VI, Bennett's Latin Composition, Allen and Green- 
ough's Latin Grammar. 

Latin a, b and c are required for admission to the scientific courses in 
Lebanon Valley College. Latin a, b, c and d are required for admission to 
the Classical and Modern Language Courses of Lebanon Valley College. 



HISTORY 

History a — Throughout the year. Four hours. One unit. 

American History and Civics. Detailed Study of American History 
with special attention to the History of the United States. The latter part 
of the year will be devoted to a consideration of national, state and county 
government. 

This course is required of all candidates for graduation. 

History b — Throughout the year. Four hours. One unit. 

Walker's Essentials of English History. Offered 1914-1915. 

History c and d — Throughout the year. Four hours. One unit. 

Ancient History with special reference to Greek and Roman History 
and including a short introductory study of the more ancient nations and 
the chief events of the early middle ages, down to the death of Charlemagne. 
Offered 1913-1914. 



GERMAN 

a Beginning German — Four hours. Throughout the year. One unit. 

Bacon's German Grammar, and the reading of 75 to 100 pages of gradu- 
ated texts. Frequent reproduction from memory of sentences previously 
read. 

b Second Year German — Four hours. Throughout the year. One 
unit. 

Oral and written reproduction of the matter read in easy variations. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 61 

From 150 to 200 pages of literature are selected from the following list: 
Heyse's L'Arrabbiata; Hillern's Hoher als die Kirche; Storm's Immensee; 
Leander's Traumerein; Zschokke's Der Zerbrochene Krug; Wilhelmi's Einer 
muss heiraten; Baumbach's Der Schwiegersohn. 



MATHEMATICS 

Mathematics a — Arithmetic. Half-year. Four hours. One-half unit. 

Rapid but thorough review of all the fundamental processes. Special 
drill in fractions, mensuration, percentage, the metric system and modern 
business forms. Hamilton's Arithmetic. 

Mathematics a-2 — Throughout the year. Five hours. One unit. 

Beginners' Algebra to quadratics. Hawkes, Luby and Touton's First 
Course in Algebra. 

Mathematics b — Intermediate Algebra. Half-year. One-half unit. 

Second year Algebra. This course must be offered for graduation by all 
candidates who do not offer Solid Geometry. 

Mathematics c — Plane Geometry. Four hours. One unit. 

Durell's New Plane and Solid Geometry. Taught largely from the stand- 
point of the original problems. 

This course is required for graduation. 

Mathematics d — Solid Geometry. Half-year. One-half unit. 

Durell's Solid Geometry. 

Courses a, a-2, c, and either b or d are required for graduation. 



SCIENCE 

Science a— Physical Geography. Half-year. Four hours. One-half unit. 

Dryer's Physical Geography. The earth as a globe, the ocean, the atmos- 
phere, the land, plains, plateaus, mountains, volcanoes, rivers, glaciers, 
geological formations and ages. 

A summary of the relation of man, plants, and animals to climate, land 
forms, and oceanic areas. 

Science c — Biology. One Semester. One-half unit. 

An introductory consideration of the laws which apply to both animals 
and plants, and those principles which co-ordinate and correlate them. 
Conn's Biology. 

Science d — Elementary Physics. Throughout the year. One unit. 

Three hours recitation and two hours laboratory work per week. 

Mechanics of solids, liquids and gases, heat, magnetism, electricity. 

No previous knowledge of Physics is required for admission to this 
course. 

Carhart and Chute's Principles of Physics. Forty experiments as out- 
lined in the National Physics Note Book Sheets are required in the labo- 
ratory. 



62 BULLETIN 

Science e — Elementary Chemistry. Half-year. One-half unit. 

Two hours recitation and four hours laboratory work. 

The aim of the course is to present Chemistry to the beginner in such a 
way as to enable him to grasp the fundamental principles and to help him 
to secure a working knowledge of the Science in the laboratory. 

First Principles of Chemistry by Brownlee and others, and laboratory 
exercises accompaning same. 



DRAWING 

Free Hand Drawing — Half-year. Four hours. One-half unit. 

Geometrical Drawing — Half-year. Four hours. One-half unit. 

Drawing of geometrical figures, reconstruction of figures to a given 
scale, construction of scales to any given unit, projection of plane and 
solid figures, etc. 

Morris' Geometrical Drawing. 



PHYSICAL CULTURE 
Academy Physical Culture. Two hours per week December 1 to 
April 1. Required of all preparatory students. 



SUB-PREPARATORY COURSE 

Sometimes students of mature age come to us not fully prepared to 
enter the Academy. They have for various reasons attended school for 
but a short time and find it embarrassing to enter the public schools with 
scholars so much younger than themselves. For these we make special 
provision whenever occasion demands. However, at least sixteen hours of 
regular Academy work is required. 



ELECTION OF STUDIES 

There is considerable room for election of courses that have a special 
value to students intending to specialize. 

The principal advises students what subjects are fundamental to pro- 
fessional and engineering courses. 



FACTS TO BE CONSIDERED 

Although Academy students enjoy a number of the same features as 
college students, such as the use of an extended library, laboratories, the 
same social privileges, literary exercises, debates, Christian Associations, 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 63 

etc., they are in many respects an entirely separate student body with 
their own interests, and conduct their own literary society and ath- 
letics. 



SCHOLARSHIP 

A one hundred and thirty dollar scholarship is awarded each year to 
the Academy graduate who has, according to the vote of the Faculty, 
attained the best class record and deported himself in accordance with the 
regulations. 



d4 BULLETIN 

REGISTER OF STUDENTS 



Arndt, Raymond H Columbia 

Attinger, Frank S Port Treverton 

Baker, Harry P Shippensburg 

Bashore, David B Hummelstown 

Basler, Mary E Hummelstown 

Bender, Ruth E Dillsburg 

Berger, John L Columbia 

Bomberger, Irwin S Palmyra 

Bomberger, Joseph W Annville 

Boughter, Charles L Oberlin 

Brooks, Oliver R Jonestown 

Brown, Elmer Pottstown 

Buhrman, Norman A Waynesboro 

Case, Flora Lewis Canton 

Dehuff, George A Royersford 

Deibler, Walter E Millersburg 

Gemmill, Charles W Windsor 

George, Herman E Gracedale 

Gingrich, Harry S Annville 

Gottschall, Lewis D Philadelphia 

Hallman, George W Pottstown 

Haverstock, George M New Cumberland 

Huber, Michael Jonestown 

Katerman, Harry W Reinerton 

Kreider, Kathryn P Palmyra 

Kottler, Harry Hershey 

Knoll, Sarah N Annville 

Light, Mark Y Lebanon 

Longenecker, C. R Annville 

Loser, Kathryn R Progress 

Lutz, Park H Denver 

Lynch, Clyde A Harrisburg, 

Machen, John Waynesboro 

MacDonald, J. R New Holland 

Mackert, C. L. R Sunbury 

McCann, C. H Freelands, Md. 

McClure, Robert P Dillsburg 

Oakes, John W Pottstown 

Reber, Irvin H Sinking Springs 

Robinson, Grace M Palmyra 

Romig, Howard O Hershey 

Ruth, Katie O Sinking Springs 






LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 95 

Sainz, Jose Gibara, Cuba 

Schaffer, Harry E . ." Annville 

Shettel, Paul O West Fairview 

Stangle. Donald W Taneytown, Md. 

Wagner, Milton A Lebanon 

Wengert, Stanley A Bellegrove, Pa. 

Wheelock, Joel West Depew, Wis. 

White, E. A Winsted, Conn. 

Wine, Chester Harold Wilmington, Del. 

Wisner, J. Arthur Upperco, Md. 

Wrightstone, Harold K Mechanicsburg 

Zeigler, Roy R Mechanicsburg 

Regular students in Academy 54 

Students matriculated in other departments who receive instruction in 
the Academy 32 

Total receiving instruction in the Academy 86 

DIPLOMAS PRESENTED JUNE 7, 1913 

Russel E. Hoffer Harold W. Risser 

Oscar E. Krenz Mabel E. Snyder 

Allen I. Meyer 

LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE SCHOLARSHIP AWARD 

Oscar E. Krenz Harold W. Risser 



Conservatory of Music 
and Art 



FACULTY 

E. EDWIN SHELDON, Mus.M. 
Pianoforte, Pipe Organ, Counterpoint 

IDA MANEVAL SHELDON, Mus.B. 

Pianoforte, Harmony 

GERTRUDE KATHERINE SCHMIDT 

Voice, Musical History, Theory 

ORA BELLE BACHMAN 

Pianoforte, Ear Training, Sight Playing 

MRS. Z. VONBERGY 
Violin 

FLORENCE S. BOEHM 
Painting, Drawing 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 69 

LOCATION AND EQUIPMENT 

The Engle Music Hall is a handsome three-story stone structure. It 
contains a fine auditorium with large pipe-organ, director's room, studios, 
practice rooms, waiting-and writing-room for students' use, large society 
rooms, lavatories, etc. The whole building is lighted by electricity, and 
heated by steam, and designed and furnished with a view to having it 
complete in every respect for the study of music in all its branches. A 
complete musical education, from the very first steps to the highest artistic 
excellence, may be secured. The director will use every effort to obtain 
positions for those students who have finished the courses, and who may 
wish to teach or perform in public. 

OBJECT 

The department has for its object the foundation and diffusion of a 
high and thorough musical education. The methods used are those fol- 
lowed by the leading European conservatories. The courses are broad, 
systematic, progressive, and as rapid as possible. The conservatory 
offers the means for a complete education in musical art at a moderate cost. 

DESCRIPTION OF COURSES 
I. Pianoforte 

The course in Pianoforte is divided into five divisions; Sub-Freshman, 
Freshman, Sophomore, Junior and Senior. 

The course marked out, must, however, necessarily be varied according 
to the ability and temperament of the pupil. Many works must be studied 
by all, but there is much that may be essential for one student and not at 
all necessary for another. Individual instruction only is given. 

A system of technics is used that is in line with the most approved 
methods. Special attention is paid to the development of a true legato 
touch and a clear, smooth technique. The use of the pedal so much neg- 
lected is emphasized. At the same time expression and interpretation are 
not neglected. Technical and theoretical ability is worthless, except as 
it enables the performer to bring out the beauties and meaning of the com- 
poser. 

By a recent act of the Executive Board arrangements were made for a 
teacher to give instruction to children and others in the elementary grades 
of the pianoforte course at a cost within the reach of all. This work will 
be carried on according to the methods in use in the leading Conservatories. 

For such instruction, the rate of tuition will be thirty cents per lesson. 
This enrollment as a regular student of the Conservatory will entitle the 
student to all privileges of the institution. The advantages to be derived 
from appearing in recital classes, receiving instruction in stage deport- 
ment, as well as opportunities for hearing and associating with other 
music students, are certain to act as incentives to better, more conscien- 
tious work. 



70 BULLETIN 

Memorizing music is required of all students. It is a great acquisition 
to be able to perform a number of selections from memory. 

Sight Reading — This, although to a certain extent a natural gift, can 
be greatly improved by systematic work. One who can read well has all 
music at his command, while a poor reader has but the few pieces which 
may have been learned. 

Practice — Special effort is made to teach pupils how to practice. 
Difficult places are pointed out and the students are taught how to learn 
them in the quickest and most thorough manner. Quality is of more 
value than quantity in practice. 

Ensemble Playing — It is impossible to overestimate the value of 
thorough training in duet, trio and quartette playing. Students are given 
drill in these as well as in accompaniment playing. 

II. The Voice 

Students contemplating work in this department should bear in mind 
two important facts; first that the natural ability to sing varies with every 
student, and secondly, that while the production of tone from any musical 
instrument is produced by artificial means, the elements that go to make 
up the human voice are composed of flesh and blood, subject to the most 
delicate nervous impulses. 

Hence the course in the Study of Voice must be varied according to the 
needs of the individual and the success of the pupil depends largely upon 
the sympathetic insight of the teacher and the sincere cooperation in mind 
as well as body on the part of the student. 

The old Italian Method as shown in Marchesi's "Art of Singing" will be 
used and exercises from other standard texts will be given to suit the needs 
of the individual student. 

III. The Organ 

The churches of our country are making an increasing demand for well- 
trained organists. The organ is no longer looked upon as an instrument 
solely for accompaniments and church use, but has taken its place among 
solo instruments and gained a distinct recognition from the music-loving 
public. 

A large field, therefore, is open to the student of the organ. The work 
as outlined aims to provide a thorough training in all that pertains to a 
mastery of the organ for church or concert use. A two-manual Moller 
pipe organ is used in the Conservatory. 

IV. The Violin 

Among the stringed instruments, the Violin stands as one of the oldest 
and has always been admired for its beautiful and thrilling strains. 

The musical possibilities within the compass of the violin are marvelous 
and unexcelled by any other instrument. The best artists of the olden 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 71 

and modern times were skillful on the violin, and it appeals to those of 
the finest musical taste today. 

Nowhere in English literature do we find a nobler or more glowing 
tribute to the violin than is the little poem penned by our own immortal 
"Autocrat" where he places the violin among the highest order of musical 
instruments. 

V. Theoretical Music 

Theoretical studies are essential to rapid and comprehensive sight read- 
ing and to excellence in the higher grades of music. Good pedaling depends 
on a knowledge of harmony, and memorizing is greatly facilitated by it. 

An intelligent insight into the foundation, upon which rests the art of 
music, gives interest to the pupils in their playing and singing and makes 
them musicians, as well as performers. 

RECITALS 

Students' Evening Recitals. Each term recitals are given in which 
students, who have been prepared under the supervision of the instructors, 
take part. These recitals furnish incentives to study and experience in 
public performance. 

Students' Recital Class. Students who are not sufficiently advanced 
to appear in the Evening Recitals are given experience in public perform- 
ance in the Students' Recital Class. These classes are not open to the 
public. Rules governing Concert Deportment are brought to the attention 
of the students and each performer shown what is expected of him or her 
when before an audience. The result is a smoother and more satisfactory 
appearance in the Evening Recitals when assigned to such work. 

Artist Recitals. Not less important than the daily class room work is 
the opportunity afforded students of hearing the representative works of 
the great masters performed by artists of recognized ability of this and 
foreign countries. These recitals have met with much favor and enthu- 
siasm among the students and citizens. 

Senior Recitals. Each candidate for graduation shall give a public 
recital during the last year. 





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LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 73 

Conservatory students rooming in the dormitories are required to take 
not less than 15 hours work per week, one hour practice on piano or organ 
counting as one-half hour credit. 

Candidates for graduation in piano shall have taken at least three terms 
in voice or organ. For graduation in voice or violin the student shall have 
at least three terms in piano. For organ the Sophomore year is required. 



HOW TO BECOME A "FULL COURSE STUDENT" 
IN THE CONSERVATORY 

To be a "full course student" in the Conservatory you will be required 
to carry one solo subject (piano, voice, or organ) and two theoretical 
branches, such as Harmony and Musical History. Two lessons, each one- 
half hour in length, are given each week in the solo subject. Classes in 
Harmony recite two hours per week. Classes in Musical History meet on 
alternate days for two hour-lessons per week. The course in Harmony 
requires four terms' work, while the course in Musical History may be 
completed in three terms. 

The "full course student" engages four practice hours daily throughout 
the term. 

One subject, such as German, French or English may be taken in the 
College or Academy by a "full course student" without additional charge. 

The "full course student" will find the tuition as follows: 

FALL TERM — Two lessons per week, as stated above 

Piano or Voice $21 75 

Harmony 10 00 

Musical History 10 00 

Piano practice, 4 hours daily 7 50 

Matriculation Fee for the term 1 00 

$50 25 

Voice or Piano added, 2 lessons per week... .$21 75 additional 

Organ, one lesson per week 15 00 additional 

Organ practice, one hour daily 10 00 additional 

WINTER TERM — Two lessons per week 

Piano or Voice $15 75 

Harmony 8 00 

Musical History 8 00 

Piano practice, 4 hours daily 6 25 

Matriculation Fee for the term 1 00 

$39 00 



74 BULLETIN 

Voice or Piano added, 2 lessons per week. . .$15 75 additional 

Organ, one lesson per week 11 00 additional 

Organ practice, one hour daily 9 00 additional 

SPRING TERM— Rates same as the Winter term. 



CERTIFICATES 

REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTIFICATES 
Complete course in pianoforte or in any of the other subjects, viz: 
voice, violin, harmony, theory, or history. 
Fee for certificate, $2.50. 



DEGREE 

REQUIREMENTS FOR DEGREE (Mus.B.) 
Candidates must already have taken a diploma including theoretical 

course outlined on page 72. 

Must have satisfactorily completed one year's work in Canon, Fugue 

and original composition. 
Fee for degree, $10.00. 



TUITION 

PIANO OR VOICE 

Fall term 2 lessons per week $21 00 

Fall term 1 lesson per week 11 25 

Winter term 2 lessons per week 15 75 

Winter term 1 lesson per week 8 25 

Spring term 2 lessons per week 15 75 

Spring term 1 lesson per week 8 25 

SENIOR AND JUNIOR YEARS 

Fall term 2 lessons per week $28 00 

Fall term 1 lesson per week 15 00 

Winter term 2 lessons per week 21 00 

Winter term 1 lesson per week 11 00 

Spring term 2 lessons per week 21 00 

Spring term 1 lesson per week 11 00 

SUB-FRESHMAN AND FRESHMAN PIANOFORTE 
Under Assistant Teachers 

Fall term 2 lessons per week $ 8 40 

Fall term 1 lesson per week 4 50 

Winter term 2 lessons per week 6 30 

Winter term 1 lesson per week 3 30 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 75 

Spring term 2 lessons per week 6 30 

Spring term 1 lesson per week 3 30 

PIPE ORGAN 

Fall term 2 lessons per week $28 00 

Fall term 1 lesson per week 15 00 

Winter term 2 lessons per week 21 00 

Winter term 1 lesson per week 11 00 

Spring term 2 lessons per week 21 00 

Spring term 1 lesson per week 11 00 

HARMONY, MUSICAL HISTORY, EAR TRAINING, THEORY OR 
PSYCHOLOGY OF MUSIC 

Fall term 2 lessons per week $10 00 

Winter or Spring term 2 lessons per week 8 00 

Private lessons, each 75 

COUNTERPOINT, CANON OR FUGUE 

Fall term 2 lessons per week $12 00 

Winter or Spring term 2 lessons per week 10 00 

SIGHT PLAYING OR SIGHT SINGING 

Fall term 1 lesson per week $ 5 00 

Winter or Spring term 1 lesson per week 4 00 

A charge of seventy-five cents for Fall term and fifty cents for Winter 
or Spring term will be made for use of Sight Playing Musical Library. 

r, c • TV L WINTER OR 

For use of instruments: Piano, one hour fall term spring term 

per day $ 3 00 $2 50 

Each additional hour 1 50 1 25 

Pipe Organ, one hour per day 10 00 9 00 

Matriculation and Physical Culture jr. $8 00 

Non-resident students may be exempted from Physical Culture. 

Students taking piano, organ, or voice only are charged a matriculation 
fee of $1.00, payable in advance. 

Pipe organ students must pay at the rate of 20 cents an hour for organ 
blower when motor is not in use. 

Regular music students are required to pay a special publication and 
Christian Work fee of $2.00. 

RULES AND REGULATIONS. No reduction is made for absence 
from the first two lessons of the term, nor for a subsequent individual 
absence. In case of long continued illness the loss is shared equally by 
the College and the student. 

All tuition is payable in advance. 



78 BULLETIN 

Pupils may enter at any time, but for convenience of grading, etc., the 
beginning of each term is the most desirable time. 
All sheet music must be paid for when taken. 
No pupil is allowed to omit lessons without a sufficient cause. 
Reports showing attendance, practice and improvement in grade, will 
be issued at the close of each term. 

For all further information as to any particular course, or combination 
of courses, rooms, boarding, etc., address 

DIRECTOR OF THE CONSERVATORY, 
Lebanon Valley College, 

Annville, Pa. 

CONSERVATORY OF MUSIC 

Seniors 

Arnold, John Fred ' Lickdale 

Light, Mary Lydia Annville 

Painter, Mary Elizabeth Hershey 

Juniors 

Barnet, Leroy Clarence Middletown 

Bensing, Mabel May Lebanon 

Campbell, Ray A. P Shamokin 

Shanaman, Mabel A Richland 

Sophomores 

Gantz, Lillian Faith Annville 

Hammer, Ruth Penbrook 

Hertzler, C. Luella Manheim 

Linebaugh, Percy M York 

Steinhauer, Ruth I Lemoyne 

Wyand, Mary Helen Hagerstown, Md. 

Freshmen and Specials 

Anne, Edna M Lancaster 

Bacastow, Mrs. S. P. ; Hershey 

Bachman, Sara Landis .Annville 

Bachman, Carl Michael Annville 

*Bachman, Paul T .Annville 

*Basler, Mary E ' , Port Carbon 

*Bender, Harry M Annville 

*Blouch, Gideon L Annville 

Boltz, Kathryn A Annville 

Bomberger, Alice May Palmyra 

*Bomberger, Joseph Annville 

Botts, George Frederick Elizabethville 

Bossard, Ada Catherine ' Annville 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 77 

♦Brightbill, Helen E Annville 

Brandt, Dana Lebanon 

*Carl, Boyd C Pine Grove 

Christeson, Florence Annville 

*Clarke, Pauline Hummel Hershey 

Clippinger, Florence Shippensburg 

*Curry, Conrad K Swatara 

Detweiler, Ruth Palmyra 

Detweiler, Iva Annville 

Delong, Elizabeth Mae Annville 

Daugherty , Eva R Annville 

Daugherty , Paul A Annville 

*Deibler, Walter E Millersburg 

Donmoyer, Lucile Mae Lebanon 

*Dubble, Anna Myerstown 

Depew, Leroy Lebanon 

Eichelberger, Earl F Oberlin 

*Engle, Ruth E Palmyra 

Fink, Esther Mae Annville 

Folmer, Elsie M Lebanon 

Frantz, William Lebanon 

Grundrum, Myrtle S Lebanon 

Herr, Delia M . . Annville 

Herr, S. Meyer . Annville 

Hurdd, Newell Lebanon 

Gebhardt, Katherine Annville 

Jones,' Marguerite Lebanon 

Kettering, Abigail S Annville 

Kettering, Josephine Y Annville 

Kettering, Fleeda M Palmyra 

Kratzer, Mrs. C. C Middleburg 

Krenz, Oscar Dillsburg. 

Kreider, Rodney . ' Annville 

Kreider, Louise Annville 

*Kreider, Kathryn P Palmyra 

Landis, Edna E Hershey 

Landis, Harold Palmyra 

Levan, Paul Annville 

Light, Katherine Annville 

Long, Laura Annville 

Mark, Marie Elizabeth Annville 

Meyer, Sarah L Lebanon 

Miller, Katherine Lebanon 

Moul, Horace Hanover 



78 BULLETIN 

Newgard, Martha B Annville, 

Quigley, Ruth Red Lion 

Ryland, Dora Ruth Cressona 

Reist, Irving L Annville 

*Risser, Blanche Campbellstown 

Richards, Florence Lebanon 

Roland, Effie Annville 

Saylor, Gardner Annville 

Saylor, Myrle V Annville 

Shaak, Tasie Avon 

*Shonk, Alvin E Mount Joy 

Spangler, Mary S Lebanon 

Sholly, Dorothy Annville 

Silberman, Dora D Lebanon 

*Snyder, Mabel E Lebanon 

Speraw, Eva G • Annville 

♦Stengle, Faber E Oberlin 

Strickler, Ruth V Lebanon 

Stine, Josephine Annville 

Spessard, Edna R Chewsville, Md . 

Turby, Myrle Palmyra 

Thomas, Sara E Avon 

*Urich, Josephine Annville 

Wengert, Sarah C Lebanon 

Weitzel, Stella Sinking Springs 

*Wheelock, Joel W. Depew, Wis. 

*Wine, Harold Chambersburg 

Witman, Naomi Lebanon 

Witman, H. John Lebanon 

Yeagley, Mabel Lebanon 

Zartman, Harvey Lebanon 

Total 101 

Students receiving instruction in music, but not registered for private 

lessons 22 

Total 123 

♦Students also matriculated in other departments. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 79 

ART DEPARTMENT 



FLORENCE S. BOEHM, INSTRUCTOR 

COURSE OF STUDY FOR CERTIFICATE 

First Year — Drawing, sketching in pencil of various familiar objects, 
and drawing from geometric solids, good examples of proportion and 
perspective, and the principles of light and shade. 

Painting — Flowers, fruit and leaves, models, casts and familiar objects. 
Elementary original composition. 

Modeling — Fruit, vegetable forms and leaves from casts and nature; 
animals from the cast and prints. Elementary original composition. 

Second Year — Charcoal drawing from casts. Painting in water colors 
and pastels from groups of still life, interiors, decorative subjects, flowers, 
draperies, and out-of-door sketching. 

Third Year — Sketching from life. Painting in oils from still life and 
nature. Wash drawings in ink, water color, historic ornament. Studies 
in color harmony. 

Teacher's Class — Principles and methods of drawing, modeling, 
blackboard drawing, lettering, brush work, sketching from life and water 
color. 

Saturday work is offered for teachers and children who cannot take 
work during the week. 

Keramics — Classes in china painting are instructed by the latest 
methods in conventional and naturalistic treatment. The china is fired 
in the institution, giving students an opportunity of learning how to fire 
their own china. 

Miniature — Miniature painting on ivory. 

Students who do not desire the certificate course may take special work 
along any line preferred. 

EXPENSES 

Matriculation and Physical Culture $6 00 

Non-resident students may be exempted from physical culture. 

FALL WINTER SPRING 
TERM TERM TERM 

TUITION— One lesson a week $10 00 $8 00 $8 00 

Two lessons a week 16 00 12 00 12 00 

Children's beginning class 2 50 2 00 2 00 

Children's advanced class 4 00 3 00 3 00 

Special lessons 75 cents each. Matriculation Fee. .$ 1 00 

ART STUDENTS 

Baker, Maude H Shippensburg, Pa. 

Christeson, Mary L Annville, Pa. 

Christeson, Florence E Annville, Pa. 



80 BULLETIN 

Henry, Martha B Annville, Pa. 

Kreider, Howard Annville, Pa. 

Mathias, Josephine Highspire, Pa. 

Shanaman, Mabel Richland, Pa. 

Shenk, Esther Annville, Pa. 

Stein, Catherine Annville, Pa. 

Stein, Mary Annville, Pa. 

Krum, Miss Lebanon, Pa. 

Wyand, Mary H Hagerstown, Md. 

Zimmerman, May Lebanon, Pa. 

Students in Art Department 13 



INDEX 

Academy 51 

Admission 54 

Courses 57 

Examinations 54 

Expenses 55 

Faculty 53 

Students in 64 

Advisers 13 

Agriculture 40 

Art Department 79 

Astronomy 36 

Bible 33 

Biology 37 

Board of Trustees 3 

Buildings and Grounds 9 

Calendar 2 

Carnegie Library 10 

Chemistry 39 

College Organizations 12 

Corporation 3 

Courses, College 

Outline of 27 

Description of 31 

Degrees Conferred 49 

Degrees and Diplomas . 14 

Discipline 13 

Economics 37 

Education 31 

English Language and Literature 34 

Expenses, College 16 

Academy 55 

Department of Music 73 

Department of Art 79 

Faculty, College 5 

Academy 53 

Department of Music 68 

French Language and Literature 32 

General Information 9 

German Language and Literature 34 

Graduate Work 14 



82 BULLETIN 

Greek Language and Literature 33 

Geology 40 

History 36 

History of the College 7 

Laboratories 11 

Latin Language and Literature 32 

Mathematics 35 

Music Department 67 

Courses 72 

Oratory and Public Speaking 42 

Philosophy 31 

Physics 41 

Physical Culture 41 

Political Science 36 

Religious Work 11 

Register of Students, College 45 

Academy 64 

Department of Music 77 

Department of Art 79 

Requirements for Admission, College 19 

Academy 54 

Scholarships 15 

Sociology , 37