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Full text of "Lebanon Valley College Catalog"

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BULLETIN 

OF 

Lebanon Valley College 



Vol.3 



January, 1915 



No. 2 



CATALOGUE NUMBER 



Forty-eighth Annual 
Catalogue 



PUBLISHED BY 

LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

ANNVILLE, PA, 
In November, January, April and May. 



ml '■isjy^iiijivii iismjiifii'] I il^^i'J "I ■luJi''l*''<l ilsilBll{!f''il3" 



Entered m lecond-class matter December 12. 1913, at the Post Office at AnnviUe. Pa. 
under the Act of August 24. 1912 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2011 with funding from 

LYRASIS IVIembers and Sloan Foundation 



http://www.archive.org/details/lebanonvalley191415leba 



BULLETIN 

OF 

Lebanon Valley College 

Vol. 3 January, 1915 No. 2 



CATALOGUE 
NUiMBER 



PUBLISHED BY 

LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

ANNVILLE, PA. 
In November, January, April and May. 



1915 


JANUARY 


FEBRUARY 


. MARCH 


S. M. T. W. T. F. S. 

. . I--' ; . . 1" 2 

3 4 5 6 7 8 9 
1011 1213 14 15 16 
1718 19 20 212223 
24 25 26 27 28 29 30 
31 


S. M. T. W. T. F. S. 
. 1 2'3' 4 5 6 
7 8 9 101] 12 13 
141516 1718 19 20 
21 22 23 24 25 26 27 
28 


S. M. T. W. T. F. S. 
,.123456 

7 8 '9 10 11 12 13 
141516 17 18 19 20 
21 22 23 24 25 26 27 
2829 30 31 . . . 


APRIL 


MAY 


I JUNE 

..12345 

6 7 8 9 10 11 12 

13 14 15 16 17 18 19 

202122 23 24 25 26 

27 28 29 30 . . . 


12 3 

4 5 6 7 8 9 10 
1112 1314 1516 17 
18 19 20 21 22 23 24 
25 26 27 28 29 30 . 


1 

2 3 4 5 6 7 8 

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 

16 !7 18 19 20 2122 

23 24 25 26 27 28 29 

30 31 


JULY 


AUGUST 


SEPTEMBER 


12 3 

4 5 6 7 8 9 10 
11 12 13 14 15 16 17 
18 19 20 21 22 23 24 
25 26 27 28 29 30 31 

OCTOBER 


12 3 4 5 6 7 

8 9 10 11 12 13 14 

15 16 17 18 19 20 21 

22 23 24'25 26.27 28 

29 30 31" .... 


... 1 2 3 4 

5 6 7 8 9 10 11 

12 13 14 15 16 17 18 

19 20 21 22 23 24 25 

26 27 28 29 30 . . 

DECEMBER 


NOVEMBER 


12 

3 4 5 6 7 8 9 
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 
17 18 19 20 21 2223 
24 25 26 27 28 29 30 
31 


. 12 3 4 5 6 

7 8 9 10 11 12 13 

14 15 16 17 18 19 20 

21 22 23 24 26 26 27 

28 29 30 .... 


... 1 2 3 4 

5 6 7 8 9 10 11 

12 13 14 15 16 17 18 

19 20 21 22 23 24 25 

26 27 28 29 30 31 . 


1916 


JANUARY 


FEBRUARY 


MARCH 


1 

2 3 4 5 6 7 8 

9 10 11 1213 1415 

16 17 18 19 20 21 22 

23 24 25 26 27 28 29 


..12345 

6 7 8 9 10 11 12 

13 14 15 16 17 18 19 

20 2122 23 2425 26 

27 28 29 . . . . 


... 1 2 3 4 

5 6 7 8 9 10 11 

12 13 14 15 16 17 18 

19 20 21 22 23 24 25 

26 27 2829 30 31 . 


APRIL 


MAY 


JUNE 


1 

2 3 4 5 6 7 8 

9 10 11 12 131415 

16 17 18 19 20 21 22 

23 24 25 26 27 2829 

30 


. 12 3 4 5 6 

7 8 9 10 11 12 13 

14 15 16 17 1819 20 

21 22 23 24 2526 27 

28 29 30 31 . . . 


12 3 

4 5 6 7 8 9 10 
11 121314 15 16 17 
18 19 20 21 22 23 24 
25 26 27 28 29 30 . 









College Calendar 
1914-1915 



September 7-8 Monday-Tues 



September 9 
November 20 

Novem' 26-27 
December 18 
January 4 
January 18-22 
January 21 
January 25 
February 7 
April I 
April 5 
April 9 

May 7 

May 19-21 
May 24-28 
May 29 
May 30 



May 31 
June I 

June 2 

Septem' 6-7 

September 8 
November 19 

November 24 
November 29 
December 22 

January 5 
January 17-21 
April 19 
April 25 
June 4 
June 7 



m. 



m. 



Examination and registration 
of students. 

College year began. 

Anniversary of clionian Literary 
Society. 

Thanksgiving recess. 

Christmas recess began. 

Christmas recess ended. 't 

Mid-year examinations. :, 

Day of prayer for colleges. ^'^ 

Second Semester began. 

Day of prayer for students. 

Easter recess begins. 

Easter recess ends. 

Anniversary Kalozetean Literary 
Society. 

Anniversary Philokosmian Liter- 
ary Society. 

Senior final Examinations. 

Final examinations. 

Academy commencement. 

Baccalaureate sermon by Presi- 
dent G. D. Gossard, D. D. 

Annual address before Christian 
Associations. 

Exercises by the graduating 
classes in Music and Oratory. 

Meeting ot board of trustees. 

Class day exercises. 

Junior Oratorical contest. 

49 th Annual Commencement. 

1915-1916 

Monday-Tuesday Examination and registration of 

students. 
College year begins. 
Anniversary Clionian Literary 

Society. 
Thanksgiving recess begins. 
Thanksgiving recess ends. 
Christmas recess begins. 



Wednesday 
Friday 

Thursday-Friday 
Friday 

Monday i :oo p. 
Monday-Friday 
Thursday 
Monday 7 145 a. 
Sunday 

Thursday 4 p. m 
Monday 4 p. m, 
Friday 

Friday 



Wednesday-Friday 
Monday-Friday 
Saturday 7 :45 p.m. 
Sunday 10:30 a. m. 



Sunday 7 .-30 p. 
Monday 7:45 p. 



m. 



Tuesday 9 :oo a. n 
2 :oo p. n 

7:45 P- H 
Wed. 10:00 a. m. 



Wed. 9:00 a 
Friday 



m 



Wed. 4 :oo p. m. 
Monday 9:00 a. m 
Wednesday 4:00 



Wed. 9 :oo a. m. Christmas recess ends. 
Mid-year examinations. 
Easter recess begins, 
m. Easter recess ends, 
m. Baccalaureate sermon. 

Fiftieth Annual Commencement. 



Monday-Friday 
Wed. I :oo p. m* 
Tuesday i :oo p. 
Sunday 10:30 a. 
Wed 10:00 a. m, 



THE CORPORATION 



BOARD OF TRUSTEES 

Representatives from the Pennsylvania Conference 

Rev. Wm. H. Washington, A.M., D.D., Cliambersburg 

Rev. J. E. Kleffman, D.D., Baltimore, Md. 

Rev. J. F. Snyder, Red Lion 

Rev. A. A. Long, D.D., York 

Rev. A. B. Statton, D.D., Hagerstown, Md. 

W. O. Appenzellar _ Chambersburg 

Rev. L. Walter Lutz, A.B., Chambersburg 

Hon. W. N. McFaul, Baltimore, Md. 

John H. Stansbury, Green Mount, Md. 

Rev. D. M. Oyer, , Enola 

Representatives from the East Pennsylvania Conference 



M. S. Hendricks, 

S. F. Engle, 

Rev. D. E. Long, A.B., 

Rev. H. E. Miller, A.M., 

Hon. Aaron S. Kreider, 

S. C. Snoke, 

Rev. D. D. Lowery, D.D., 

Rev. R. R. Butterwick, D.D„ 

Rev. E. O. Burtner, A.M., 

G. F. Breinig, 

Isaiah Buffington, 

*Rev. A. S. Beckley, A.B., 



Shamokin 

Palmyra 

Mount Joy 

Lebanon 

Annville 

Philadelphia 

Harrisburg 

Mountville 

Palmyra 

Allentown 

Elizabethville 

Shamokin 



1915 
1915 
1915 
1916 
1916 
1916 
1916 
1917 
1917 
1917 

1915 
1915 
1915 
1915 
1915 
1915 
1916 
1916 
1916 
1917 
1917 
1917 



Representatives from the Virginia Conference 

A. P. F unkhouser, D.D., Harrisburg, Va. 1915 

Elmer Hodges, Winchester, Va. 1915 
Prof. J. N. Fries, Berkeley Springs, 

Va. 1916 

Rev. A. S. Hammack, D.D., Dayton, Va. 1916 
Rev. W. L. Gruver, D.D., Martinsburg, 

W. Va. 1916 

W. S. Secrist, Keyser, W. Va. 1916 

Trustees-at-Larere — H. S. Immel, Esq., Mountville; Warren A. 

Thomas, Esq., 86 Latta Ave., Columbus, O.; A. J. Cochran, 

Esq., Dawson; Jack Straub, Lancaster. 
Alumni Trustees— Prof . H. H. Baish, A.M., '01, Altoona; Rev. I. E. 

Runk, D.D., '99, Scottdale; Rev, A. K. Wier, A.B., '00, 

Steelton. 

*Died October, 1914. 



OFFICERS AND COMMITTEES OF THE BOARD 



Officers 

President ---._. Hon. A. S. Kreider 

Vice President Rev. L. Walter Lutz, A. B., 

Secretary and Treasurtr ... Rev. W. H. Weaver 

Executive Committee 
Hon. A. S. Kreider W. H. Washinger 

S. F. Engle A. A. Long 

A. S. Hammack 

Finance Committee 
Hon. W. N. McFaul H. H. Baish 

G. F. Breinig W. 0. Appenzellar 

W. S. Secrist 

Library and Apparatus Committee 
Isaiah Buffington Elmer Hodges 

D. M. Oyer 

Faculty Committee 
D. D. Lowery H. H. Baish 

A. B. Statton W. F. Gruver 

Auditing Committee 
S. F. Engle L.,W. Lutz 

W. F. Gruver i 

Grounds and Buildings 
H. H. Shenk W. 0. Appenzellar 

G. F. Breinig W. F. Gruver 

Endowment Fund Committee 
D. D. Lowery W. H. Washinger 

Hon. A. S. Kreider R. R. Butterwick 

A. A. Long A. B. Statton 

Farm Committee 

Hon. A. S. Kreider W, H. Washinger 

W. S. Secrist 

Publicity Committee 
H. H. Shenk H. H. Baish 

A. E. Shroyer L. Walter Lutz 

S. C. Snoke 

Committee on Bevision of By-Laws* 
D. D. Lowery J. E. Klefiman 

A. K. Wier 



Special Committee 



FACULTY 

GEORGE DANIEL GOSSARD, D. D. 

President 

JOHN EVANS LEHMAN, A.M. Sc.D. 
Sxret try, aad Professor of Mathematics and Astronomy 

HIRAM HERR SHENK, A.M. 
Professor of History and Political Science 

SAMUEL HOFFMAN DERICKSON, M.S. 

Professor of Biological Sciences 

ALVIN E. SHROYER, B.D. 

Professor of Greek and Instructor in Bible 

HENRY E. WANNER, B.S. 
Begistrar, and Professor of Chemistry 

LUCY S. SELTZER, A.B. 

Professor of German 

ROBERT MacD. KIRKLAND, A.M. 

Jossphim Bittinger Eherly Professor of Latin 

Language and Literature, and Professor of French 

Librarian 

SAMUEL O. GRIMM, B.Pd., A.B. 
Professor of Physics 

EDNA SEAMAN, B.S. 
Professor of English 

(On leave of absence at Columbia University.) 

DORIS LONG, A.M. 
Dean of Women, and Professor of English 



FACULTY 

MAY BELLE ADAMS 

Professor of Oratory and Public Speaking 

ROY J. GUYER, A.B., B.P.E. 

Physical Director 

EMMA R. SCHMAUK 

Instructor in French 

MARIAN REID, A.B. 

Instructor in English and German 

PAUL J. BOWMAN 

Assistant in Biology 

GEORGE A. DeHUFF 

Assistant in Chemistry 

MAE BELLE ORRIS 

Assistant in History 

CHAS. W. GEMMILL 

Assistant in Physical Laboratory 

A. F. HOFFSOMMER 

Endowment Campaign Director 

Mrs. VIOLETTE NISSLEY FREED 

Matron 

ANNA GARMAN 

Stenographer 



HISTORY OF THE COLLEGE 

Lebanon Valley College originated in the action of the East 
Pennsylvania Conference of the United Brethren Church at its 
annual session held at Lebanon in March, 1865. Resolutions 
were passed deciding the question of establishing a higher insti- 
tution of learning to be located within the bounds of the East 
Pennsylvania or of the Pennsylvania Conference. One year later 
the committee appointed recommended in its report: First, the 
establishment of a school of high grade under the supervision of 
the church; second, to accept for this purpose the grounds and 
buildings of what was then known as the Annville Academy, 
tendered as a gift to the Conference; and, third, to lease the build- 
ings and grounds to a responsible party competent to take charge 
of the school for the coming year. School opened May 7, 1866, 
with forty-nine students. By the close of the collegiate year 
one hundred and fifty-one were enrolled, thus demonstrating at 
once the need of such an institution in this locality and the wis- 
dom of the founders. 

In April, 1867, the Legislature granted a charter with full uni- 
versity privileges under which a College Faculty was organized 
with Rev. Thomas Rees Vickroy, Ph.D., as president, and Prof. E. 
Benjamin Bierman, A.M., as principal of the Normal Department. 
The same year the Philokosmian Literary Society was organized 
by the young men, additional land was purchased and a large 
brick building erected thereon with chapel, recitation rooms, 
president's office, and apartments for sixty boarding students. 
The building was not furnished and fully occupied till the fall 
of 1868. 

The first regular commencement occurred June 16, 1870. 
About two years later opposition to the school manifested itself 
And President Vickroy stated in his report to the annual Confer- 
ence that the attendance of students was reduced from one hun- 
dred to seventy-five, the cause of this diminution being persistent 
opposition on the part of certain brethren. 

President Vickroy directed the affairs of the institution for 
five years, from 1866 to 1871. During his administration the 
charter was prepared and granted by the State Legislature, the 
laws and regulations for the internal workings framed and 
adopted, the curriculum established, and two classes — those of 



LEBANON VALLEY CX)LLEGE 9 

1870 and 1871 — were graduated. In June, 1871, Prof. Lucian 
H. Hammond was elected president. During his term of office 
five classes were graduated, the Clionian Literary Society organ- 
ized by the ladies, and the College made steady and substantial 
progress, but failing health compelled him to resign in June, 187 6. 

Rev. David D. DeLong, D.D., became the third president. He 
found it necessary to reconstruct the Faculty and retain but two 
of the former teachers. The Kalozetean Literary Society was 
instituted to awaken interest in literary work among the young 
men by means of a healthy rivalry, and the music department 
was organized. In the summer of 1883 a large two-story frame 
building was erected on College Avenue, containing art room, 
music rooms, the department of natural science, a museum and 
the College library. During his presidency one hundred and 
seven students were graduated, fourteen in music and ninety- 
three in the literary department. 

After an interregnum of several months Rev. Edmund S. 
Lorenz, A.M., was elected president and took up the work with 
energy and ability. Enlargement was his motto and the friends 
of the College rallied to his support. Post graduate studies were 
offered. The College Forum made its appearance under the edi- 
torship of the Faculty. With a devotion that won the admira- 
tion of his friends he labored incessantly for nearly two years to 
make the College the peer of any in the State, but under this 
strain his health failed and he was obliged to retire at the 
close of the collegiate year of 1889. 

The fifth president. Rev. Cyrus J. Kephart, D.D., assumed the 
duties of his office at the opening of the fall term in 1889. He 
secured creditable additions to the endowment fund, but because 
of discouraging conditions declined re-election at the close of 
the first year. 

The question of re-locating the College agitated its consti- 
tuency, divided its friends and greatly hindered its progress. 
Some were almost in despair, others were indifferent, while others 
hoped and waited for the best. Under these conditions the Board 
of Trustees met in special session July 28, 1890, and called Dr. 
E. Benjamin Bierman to the presidency. He was inaugurated on 
the evening of the sixth of November following. Buildings were 
renovated, a large number of students enrolled and the Mary 
A. Dodge Fund of ten thousand dollars received, "the interest of 
which only is to be loaned without charge to such pious young 
people as the Faculty of the College may deem worthy of help as 
students." The Silver Anniversary of the College was celebrated 
June 15, 1892, when money was raised to purchase about three 



lO BULLETIN 

acres of ground to be added to the college campus. With the 
experience of twenty-five years of earnest effort to combat oppo- 
sition and overcome errors and misconceived notions of higher 
education and to build up an institution of learning creditable 
to the United Brethren Church, the friends of the College entered 
upon the second quarter of a century with new hope and 
aspiration. 

President Bierman served successfully until the spring of 1897, 
when he was succeeded by Rev. Hervin U. Roop, Ph.D., who held 
the office till January 1, 1906, after which time the administra- 
tion was in the hands of the Executive Committee and the Faculty 
until the election of Rev. A. P. Funkhouser, A.M., March 9, 1906. 

The presidency of Dr. Roop stands out as the period when the 
group system in the College curriculum was introduced, when the 
athletic field was acquired, when the disastrous fire of December 
24, 1904, occurred, sweeping away the Administration Building 
in a few hours, and when several new buildings arose on the 
<5ampus — Engle Music Hall 1899, and the Carnegie Library and 
Women's Dormitory in 1904. The recuperative powers of the 
institution were put to the test by the destruction of the main 
building. At a meeting held January 5, 1905, the friends of the 
College, resolved, amid unusual enthusiasm to rebuild at once 
and with the stimulus of a gift of fifty thousand dollars from 
Andrew Carnegie received by the President, who had previously 
secured $20,000 from the same source, plans were matured by 
which to raise one hundred thousand dollars for this purpose. 
The erection of three new buildings was projected — the Men's 
Dormitory, the Central Heating Plant and the new Administra- 
tion Building, the latter being completed under the supervision 
of President Funkhouser, whose term of office is marked also 
by a strenuous effort to straighten out the tangled threads in 
the financial skein and to meet the debt which rose to almost or 
altogether ninety thousand dollars. Bonds were issued to the 
amount of fifty thousand dollars and the co-operative college 
circles organized to relieve the financial conditions. 

Rev. Lawrence Keister, S.T.B., D.D., was elected president of 
the College, June 10, 1907, at the annual session of the Board 
of Trustees. He solicited $7,700 for the equipment of the Science 
Department, secured the Mills Scholarship of $1,000 and the 
Immel Scholarship of $2,000. The debt effort authorized by the 
Board, June 3, 1908, was carried forward successfully, $50,000 
having been pledged before January 1, 1909, according to the 
condition of the pledge which also required the continuation of 
the canvass to secure another $50,000 in order to cover the entire 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE II 

debt. At the death of Rev, Daniel Eberly, D.D., July 9, 1910, 
whose will bears date of September 17, 1909, the College came 
into possession of property valued at about $45,000, the major 
part being given for the endowment of the Latin Chair. Accord- 
ing to the Treasurer's books the amount of outstanding bonds 
January 1, 1914, was $40,000. 

In June, 1912, President Keister presented his resignation to 
the Board of Trustees and in September the Rev. Dr. George D. 
Gossard, of Baltimore, Md., was elected president. He at once 
entered upon the duties of his office to which he brings conscien- 
tious devotion and intelligent enthusiasm. 

GENERAL INFORMATION 

The College is situated in Annville, a progressive and cultured 
town twenty-one miles east of Harrisburg in the beautiful, health- 
ful and fertile Lebanon Valley. 

BUILDINGS AND GUOUNDS 

There are seven buildings on the campus, the Carnegie Library, 
the Engle Music Hall, the Women's Dormitory, the Men's Dormi- 
tory, the Academy Building, the Administration Building, and 
the Heating Plant. 

THE CARNEGIE LIBRARY, a building of the Gothic style of 
architecture, erected in 1904, furnishes commodious quarters for 
the growing library of the College. Each department has its 
particular books for reference, in addition to the large number 
of volumes for general reference and study. An annual amount 
is appropriated by the Board of Trustees for the purchase of new 
books, and plans are being made for the enlargement of the 
library in order to meet the growing needs of the College. 

Two large reading rooms on the first floor, splendidly lighted 
and ventilated, and beautifully furnished, are provided with the 
leading magazines and daily papers. Periodicals devoted to the 
special work of each department are here, as well as magazines of 
general literature. On the second floor are six seminar rooms 
designed to be equipped with the special works of reference for 
the various departments, where students doing the most serious 
work may study undisturbed. 

THE ENGLE MUSIC HALL, of Hummelstown brownstone, 
erected in 1899, contains the college chapel, used for all large 
college gatherings, a director's ofiice and studio, practice rooms, 
and a large society hall. The building is well equipped with 
pianos and a large pipe organ. 



12 BULLETIN 

THE WOMEN'S DORMITORY was erected in 1905, and is a 
building of beautiful proportions. In addition to rooms whicb 
will accommodate forty-five students, there are a society hall, 
a dining hall, a well equipped kitchen, and laundry. 

THE MEN'S DORMITORY is a modern structure of brick with 
Indiana limestone trimmings. It contains single and double 
rooms and sixteen suites of two bed-rooms with a separate study- 
room. These afford accommodations for eighty-five students. 
This building was also erected in 1905. 

THE ACADEMY BUILDINNG, the original building of the 
institution, and acquired by gift in 1866 when the College was 
founded, has been remodeled and is now used by the Academy. 
The principal resides in the building with the Academy boys. 

THE HEATING PLANT, erected in 1905, is in harmony with 
the build'Ings above described. It contains a low pressure heating 
system of the most perfect construction, and supplies the heat for 
all the buildings on the campus. It is constructed with a view to 
the installation of a lighting plant. 

THE ADMINISTRATION BUILDING is the most important and 
central of the buildings. It is built of buff brick with terra cotta 
trimmings, three stories high. It contains the recitation rooms 
of the College and the laboratories of the science department. 
The department of art has here commodious and modern quarters. 
The administration ofiices of fire proof construction are on the 
first floor. 

The new Alumni Gymnasium occupies the ground floor. Here 
are provided over 7,000 square feet of floor space for the use of 
the department of physical culture and the promotion of athletic 
activities. The gymnasium has, in addition to the gymnasium 
floor, separate locker rooms for the teams, for the men, and for 
the girls, an apparatus room, and the usual shower baths. 

To accommodate all these buildings, the campus, originally of 
ten acres, has been recently enlarged by purchase. It occupies a 
high point in the centre of the town of Annville and is within 
easy access of all trolley and railroad lines. 

The athletic field of five and one-half acres is well located and 
admirably adapted to the purpose for which it is intended. On 
it are erected a grand stand and bleachers. 

LABORATORIES 

The entire northern half of the Administration Building is 
occupied by the Department of Science. The Department of 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 13 

Chemistry occupies the first floor; Physics the second, and Biology 
the third. 

The laboratories of each department are constructed after the 
most approved modern methods, and students find everything 
arranged for their convenience. Stock rooms and special labora- 
tories adjoin the general laboratories. The lecture rooms are 
provided with risers and Columbia tablet chairs. 

EELIGIOUS WORK 

Recognizing that most of its students come from Christian 
families, the College has always tried to furnish religious train- 
ing. It believes in cultivating the heart as well as the mind, 
and encourages all wholesome means of promoting Christian 
influence. 

Each school morning, a regular service is held in the college 
chapel, at which the students are required to be present. At 
this service there is singing, reading of Scripture, and prayer. 
Members of the Faculty conduct this service. 

A students' prayer meeting is held once a week, and opportuni- 
ties for Bible study and mission study are offered by the Chris- 
tian Associations in addition to those afforded by the regular 
curriculum. 

All resident students of the College are required to attend 
public worship in churches of their choice every Sunday. 

The religious life during the past year has been earnest and 
helpful, and patrons may feel satisfied that high moral influ- 
ences are being exerted constantly over their children. 

COLLEGE ORGANIZATIONS. 
Christian The College has flourishing Young Men's and 

Associations Young Women's Christian Associations, which 
hold regular weekly devotional services and con- 
duct special courses of Bible and mission study, often in charge 
of members of the Faculty. 

Under these auspices numerous public lectures, entertainments, 
and socials are held, so that they contribute incalculably to the 
pleasure of the student body. They are the centre of the spiritual 
welfare of the students and deserve the hearty support of all 
connected with the College. 
literary Excellent opportunities for literary improve- 

Societies ment and parliamentary training are afforded by 

the societies of the College. There are three of 

these societies — one sustained by the young ladies, the Clionian, 



14 , BULLETIN 

and two by the young men, the Kalozetean and the Philokosmian. 
They meet every Friday evening in their well furnished halls for 
literary exercises consisting of orations, essays and debates. These 
societies are considered valuable agencies in college work, and 
students are advised to unite with one of them. 

Athletic The Athletic Association is composed of all 

Association ^^^ students of the College. The Athletic Asso- 
ciation elects its own officers and the managers 
of the various athletic teams, also three members of the Athletic 
Executive Board. 

The direct supervision of all athletics is in the hands of the 
Athletic Executive Board. This board is composed of two mem- 
bers of the Faculty, appointed by the President, two members of 
the Alumni Association, selected or elected by the Alumni Asso- 
ciation and three student members elected by the Athletic Asso- 
ciation. The treasurer of the College is the treasurer of the 
Athletic Executive Board. 

Biological "^^^ Biological Field Club offers to any stu- 

■p- -I J niyji) dent of the College an opportunity to collect, 

study, and discuss objects of interest in the field 

of living nature. Frequent excursions are made to places of 

special interest to members of the club. 

The Mathematical ^^^ Mathematical Round Table is an or- 

■RmiTiri Tflhlp ganization of the students of the College 

who are interested in mathematical studies. 
Its object is to create interest in and love for the "exact science."' 
Its meetings are held on the last "Wednesday evening of each 
month. Papers on mathematical history and biography are read 
and discussed. Current events in the mathematical world and 
papers on various mathematical subjects have made the meetings 
very interesting and helpful. 

Deutscher The German Club has been organized by the^ 

Verein students of the College who are especially inter- 
ested in the study of the German language. Its 
meetings are held the third Wednesday of every month. Papers 
familiarizing the students with Germany, its life, customs and 
literature are read. The meetings are conducted entirely in Ger- 
man. As a means of increasing conversational powers German, 
games are introduced as an important part of the program. 

LITERARY AND MUSICAL ADVANTAGES 
During the college year, the student body has the privilege ot 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 1 5 

hearing lectures and talks delivered by resident professors and 
other men of note in church and literary circles. 

The department of music together with the department of pub- 
lic speaking presents a number of programs during the year for 
the pleasure and benefit of the general student body. Concerts 
and recitals by prominent musicians are given under the patron- 
age of the department of music with the aim of creating in the 
student an appreciation for the best in art. 

There is a lively interest in the drama. Various college organi- 
zations have presented Shakespearean and other plays of a 
high grade. 

A further means of enjoyment and education is the course of 
lectures and concerts under the management of the Christian 
associations of the College. 

ADMINISTRATION 

Advisers The following are the advisers for the stu- 

dents in each of the five groups in which courses 
of instruction are offered: For the Classical group, Professor 
Shroyer; for the Mathematical-Physical, Professor Lehman; for 
the Chemical-Biological, Professor Derickson; for the Historical- 
Political, Professor Shenk; for the Modern Language, Professor 
Seltzer. The students of each group are amenable to the 
adviser in all matters of conduct, study and discipline. 
His approval is necessary before a student may register 
for or enter upon any course of study, or discontinue any work. 
He is the medium of communication between the Faculty and 
the students of his group, and in a general way stands to to his 
students in the relation of a friendly counselor. 

Discipline it is earnestly desired that students may be 

influenced to good conduct and diligence by 
higher motives than fear of punishment. The sense of duty and 
honor, the courteous and generous feelings natural to young men 
and women engaged in literary pursuits, are appealed to as the 
best regulators of conduct. It is the policy of the administration 
to allow in all things as much liberty as will not be abused, and 
the students are invited and expected to cooperate with the 
Faculty; but good order and discipline will be strictly main- 
tained and mis-conduct punished by adequate penalties. The 
laws of the College are as few and simple as the proper regula- 
tion of a community of young men and women will permit. The 



10 BULLETIN 

College will not place its stamp or bestow its honors upon any- 
one who is not willing to deport himself becomingly. No hazing 
of any kind will be permitted. The government of the Men's 
Dormitory is under the immediate control of the Senior-Junior 
Council, a committee of students, authorized by the College 
authorities. 

Classification The maximum number of hours, conditioned, 

permitted for senior standing is four; for junior 
standing, six.; for sophomore, seven ; and for freshman , six. 

The permitted number of extra hours of work above that pre- 
scribed by the curriculum is limited by the student's record for 
previous years as follows: 

(a) Majority of A's — no limit. 

(b) Majority of B's — four hours. 

(c) Majority of C's — two hours. 

(d) Lower record than (C) — no extra hours. 

Glass Standingr "^^^ scholarship of students is determined by 

result of examinations and daily recitations com- 
bined. The grades are carefully recorded. 

Reports of standing will be made to parent or guardian at the 
end of each term when desired by them, or when the Faculty 
deems it expedient. The standing is indicated generally by classi- 
fication in six groups, as follows: 

A signifies that the record of the student is distinguished. 

B signifies that the record of the student is very good. 

C signifies that the record is good. 

D signifies the lowest sustained record. 

E (conditioned) imposes a condition on the student. Condi- 
tions incurred in January must be made up by June; condi- 
tions incurred in June must be made up by September. Failing 
to make up a condition at the time appointed is equal to a rec- 
ord of F. 

F (failed completely) signifies that the student must drop or 
repeat the subject, and cannot be admitted to subjects dependent 
thereon. 

If the student's record as a whole is poor, he may be required to 
repeat certain subjects, to repeat the year, or to withdraw. 

Degree '^he degree of Bachelof of Aits or Bacielor of 

and Diploma Science is conferred, h\' a vote of the Board of 

Trustees on recommendation of the Faculty, upon 

students who have satisfactorily completed 69 hours of work in any 

of the groups. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 1 7 

Graduate Since all its members are fully occupied with 

Work under-graduate work, the Faculty deems it un- 

wise to offer any work for the degree of Master 
of Arts during the coming year. In rare cases suflficient resident 
work upon certain advanced courses may be outlined. But as 
special action would be required in each case, no detailed an- 
nouncement can be made here. All inquiries about graduate work 
should be addressed to the President. 

SCHOLARSinPS AND LOANS 

The College offers a limited number of one hundred and thirty- 
dollar free tuition scholarships to honor graduates of State Normal 
Schools and approved high schools and academies. One scholar- 
ship is allotted to the first honor graduate of our own academy. 

The College also offers a one hundred and thirty-dollar scholar- 
ship to a literary graduate of Shenandoah Collegiate Institute, 
Dayton, Virginia, and a similar scholarship to a literary gradu- 
ate of the Sugar Grove Academy, Sugar Grove, Pa. The recipients 
of these two scholarships are to be determined by the respective 
faculties of these institutions. 

Graduates of high schools and academies whose standard is not 
equal to that of our own academy, may enter the senior year of 
the academy and become competitors for our own academy schol- 
arship. 

Honor graduates of preparatory schools who have conditions 
may be allowed to make them up in the freshman year. If the 
first semester's work shows a majority of A's and nothing less 
than B in all work including conditions, a scholarship may be 
awarded. 

Bishop J. S, Mills ScholarsMD Fund 
This fund established by a gift of $1,000 is available. 

H. S. Immel Scholarshii} Fund 
This fund established by a gift of $2,000 in available "for 
young men in college who are preparing for the ministry in the 
Church of the United Brethren in Christ." 

Eliza Bittinffer Eberly Fund 
This fund consists of the income of a farm located near East 
Berlin, Adams County, Pa. 

Daniel Eberly Fund 
This fund is available and is to be loaned to worthy students 
seeking an education in college. 



I 8 BULLETIN 

Mary A. Lodge Fund 
The income from this fund is loaned to worthy students. 

Charles B, Rettew Scholarshii) 

This scholarship in Bonebrake Theological Seminary is limited 
to students from the East Pennsylvania Conference and Leba- 
^on Valley College. 

Dr. Henry B. Stehman Fund 
This fund has been provided by Henry B. Stehman to help 
needy ministerial students. 

The Executive Committee shall make scholarship awards. 

EXPENSES 

Matriculation and Physical Culture $10 00 

Tuition, College 65 00 

For twenty hours or less in the College, the tuition is $65. 
Each additional hour for semester or half year $1.90. 

Children of ministers are required to pay one-half the regu- 
lar tuition in the College. 

When two members of one family attend college at the same 
time, ten per cent from the tuition charged is allowed. 

The tuition of $65 in the College does not apply to the Acad- 
emy, Art, Oratory or Music departments. 

All special students are required to pay a matriculation fee of 
!rom one to five dollars^ asd fiyo dollars for Physical Culture. 

All students taking regular work are required to pay a special 
college publication and Christian work fee of $2. In considera- 
tion of the payment of the above fee the student receives the 
College News and privileges of the Christian Associations. 
Laboratory Fees, per semester. 

Biology 1 $ 3 00 

Biology 2 6 00 

Biology 3 6 00 

Biology 4 5 00 

Biology 5 5 00 

A deposit of $2.00 is required of each student who is assigned 
a locker in the biological laboratory as a guarantee of the care 
and return of the keys and apparatus. The treasurer will refund 
the deposit when a certificate from the department is presented 
stating that the keys and apparatus have been returned in good 
condition. 

Chemistry 1 $ 6 00 

Chemistry 2 7 00 

Chemistry 3 6 00 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 19 

Chemistry 4 5 00 

Chemistry 5 10 00 

A deposit of $3.00 is required of each student who is assigned 
a locker in the chemical laboratory. Any part of this breakage 
deposit unused will be refunded at the end of the course. 

Physics 1 $ 5 00 

All laboratory fees and deposits for each semester must be paid 
in advance. A student will not be assigned a locker or apparatus 
in any of the laboratories without a certificate from the Treasurer 
of the College stating that the fee has been paid and the deposit 
made. 

Graduation Fee, payable thirty days prior to commencement, 
$10.00. 

Boarding 

Regular students are charged $3.50 per week, or $133 per 
year, if paid in advance. 

Five-day students, (fifteen meals), are charged $2.50 per week, 
or $95 per year, if paid in advance. 

Day students may obtain meal tickets at the rate of twenty-five 
cents per meal, when paid in advance. 

The College prefers that all students who room in the Dormi- 
tories board at the College dining-hall. 

Hoom Eent 

In the Men's Dormitory and Women's Dormitory, when rooms 
are taken for one person only, the rates range from $40 to $80 
per year. When rooms are taken for two persons the rates range 
from $20 to $60 for each student per year. 

Light and heat, six to nine dollars per year. 

Deposit Fee 

A deposit fee of $4 is required from each student who occupies 
a room in the Men's Dormitory. 

Every student is charged with the furnishings of the room, at 
the opening of the school year, and if the furniture and room, 
and halls are in good condition when the students vacate, a por- 
tion, or all of the deposit fee is refunded. 

Estimated Expenses 
Depending upon the course or courses of study, a student in 
Lebanon Valley College, may take a year's work for $240. This 
is the minimum and it does not include personal expenses nor 



20 BULLETIN 

laboratory fees. It includes the following items: Boarding, 
$133; Tuition, $65; Room Rent, $20; Matriculation and Physical 
Culture, $10; Light and Heat, $6; College publication and Chris- 
tian work fee, $2; and in the Men's Dormitory a deposit fee of 
$4, part of which may be returned. 

For minimum of a year's expense in the Academy see page 58, 
where full particulars are given. 

A rebate of $5 will be allowed to any regular student in the 
College, receiving no other aid, who will pay in full at the open- 
ing of the school year, the entire amount of the year's expense. 

Ten per cent will be added on all payments that are deferred 
more than ten days after the time when the installments are due. 

These rates are fixed by special act of the Board of Trustees. 

The regular College expenses are divided into four installments, 
and students are required to pay each installment in advance. 

One-fifth of the expenses are due at the opening of the col- 
legiate year; and one-fifth, November 1; three-tenths, January 
5; and three-tenths, March 27. 

Students who are candidates for degrees must make satisfac- 
tory settlement for all dues and bills before degrees are voted. 

No reduction will be made for tuition and room-rent, for a 
semester, except for protracted sickness. In case of long con- 
tinued illness, the loss is shared equally by the College and the 
student. 

No reduction will be made for table board, for an absence of 
less than one week, and then only in case of sickness, or important 
duties that compel the student to be absent from his College 
work. Reductions cannot be allowed for banquet trips, or club 
trips, or athletic trips. 

Students are required to furnish their own towels, napkins, 
soap, and all bed furnishings, except mattresses. 

Any student who receives beneficiary aid from the College, 
may be called upon to render services to the College for all or 
part of the aid so received. 

Opportunity for self-help is extended to a limited number of 
students in the College and in the Academy, who may serve as 
waiters, janitors or librarians. In each case the term of service is 
thirty-eight weeks. Close application is required to the work 
assigned. Neglect of duty is sufficient cause for the removal of 
the student from the position. 



Outline of Requirements for Admission 
to groups leading to the Bachelor of Arts Degree 

The following is an outline of the requirements for admission to the Freshman Class 
of Lebanon Valley College. A detailed description of the courses indicated in this outline 
appears in the catalogue of the College. An aggregate of fifteen units must be offered by 
the candidate for admission. Of these eleven and one-half units are required as specified 
and three and one-half units may be elected. 

A unit represents the work of a school year of no less than thirty-six weeks, with five 
periods of at least forty-five minutes each per week, or four periods of one hour each per 
week. A unit therefore, is the equivalent of one hundred and eighty recitation periods of 
forty-five minutes each, or one hundred and forty-four periods of one hour each. 



GROUP I 


English 




Three units 


English 






required 


GROUP II 


Elementary Algebra 


I unit 


Two and one- 


Mathematics 


Intermediate Algebra 


^ unit 


half units re- 




Plane Geometry 


I unit 


quired, one of 
which must 




Solid Geometry 


^ unit 


be Plane 




Plane Trigonometry 


i unit 


Geometry 


GROUP III 


Latin 


4 units 


Five units re- 


Foreign 


German 


2 units 


quired, three 


Languages 


French 


2 units 


of which must 




Greek 


2 units 


be Latin 


GROU P IV 


Physical Geog. ^ 


or I unit 


Physics reauired. 
Chemistry re- 


Physical 
Sciences 


Physics 

Chemistry ^ 


I unit 
or I unit 


quired only for 
students intending 
to take Chemical 
Biological Group 


GROUP V 


Botany 


I unit 


Elective 


Biological 


Zoology 


I unit 




Sciences 


Physiology 


I unit 




GROUP VI 


Greek and Roman 


I unit 


One unit 


History, Etc. 


Mediaeval and Modern i unit 


required 




English 


I unit 






Civics 


■^ unit 






Economics 


i unit 




GROUP VII 


Drawing ^ 


or I unit 


One unit 




Domestic Science 


^ unit 


only may 




Agriculture 


i unit 


be elected 




Book-keeping 


■2- unit 






Commercial Law 


^ unit 






Commercial Geog. 


^ unit 






Psychology 


^ unit 






Methods of Teaching ^ unit 





In case the requirements of a given Group are not fully met by the fifteen units elected, 
the studies necessary for such requirements must be taken in place of an elective in the 
regular college course. For example, if a students presents three units of Latin and two 
of German for admission to a Group requiring four units of Latin he must include in his_. 
college course the equivalent of the fourth unit of Latin. 



Outline of Requirements for Admission 
to groups leading to the Bachelor of Science Degree 

The following is an outline of the requirements for admission to the Freshman class of 
Lebanon Valley College. A detailed description of the courses indicated in this outline 
appears in the catalogue of the College. An aggregate of fourteen and one-half units must 
be offered by the candidate for admission. Of these twelve units are required as specified 
and two and one-half units maybe elected. 

A unit represents the work of a school year of no less than thirty-six weeks, with five 
periods of at least forty-five minutes each per week, or four periods of one hour each per 
week. A unit therefore, is the equivalent of one hundred and eighty recitation periods 
of forty-five minutes each, or one hundred and forty -four periods of one hour each. 



GROUP I 

English 



GROUP II 

Mathematics 



GROUP III 
Foreign 
Languages 



GROUP IV 
Physical 
Sciences 



GROUP V 
Biological 
Sciences 

GROUP VI 
History, Etc. 



English 



3 units 



Elementary Algebra i unit 
Intermediate Algebra ^ unit 
Plane Geometry r unit 

Solid Geometry ^ unit 

Plane Trigonometry -^ unit 



Latin 
German 
French 
Greek 



4 units 

3 units 

3 units 

3 units 



Three units 
required 



Three units 
required, one 
of which 
must be Solid 
Geometry 



Physics 
Chemistry 



I unit 
I unit 




Greek and Roman i unit 

Mediaeval and Modern i unit 
English I unit 

Civics ^ unit 

Economics ^ unit 



GROUP VII 



Physiology i unit 

Physical Geog. ^ unit 
Drawing i or i unit 

Domestic Science ^ unit 

Agriculture ^ unit 

Book-keeping ^ unit 

Commercial Law ^ unit 

Commercial Geog. ^ unit 

Psychology ^ unil 

Methods of Teaching ^ unit 



Two units 
required 



Two units 
required 



One unit 

required 



Two and 
one-half 
units may 
be elected 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 23 



DESCRIPTION OF COURSES 

Candidates for admission should note carefully the following 
description of courses. 

ENGLISH 
Three units required 
A thorough course in Advanced English Grammar, and a sys- 
tematic course in English Composition and in the essentials of 
Rhetoric is required of all students. In addition to this and 
following the recommendations of the Conference on Uniform 
Entrance Requirements in English, books are prescribed for read- 
ing and practice, and for study and practice as follows: 

a. Reading and Practice— 1915 Two units. 

Group I. (Two to be selected.) The Old Testament, com- 
prising at least the chief narrative episodes in Genesis, Exo- 
dus, Joshua, Judges, Samuel, Kings and Daniel together with 
the books of Ruth and Esther; the Odyssey, with the omission, 
if desired, of Books I, II, III, IV, V, XV, XVI, XVII; the 
Iliad, with the omission, if desired, of Books XI, XIII, XI"V, 
XV, XVII, XXI; Vergil's ^enei(^. The Odyssey, Iliad and 
Aeneid should be read in English translations of recognized 
literary excellence. For any unit of this group a unit from 
any other group may be substituted. 

Group II. (Two to be selected.) Shakespeare's The Mer- 
chant of Venice; Midsummer Night's Dream; As You LiJce It; 
Twelfth Night; Henry The Fifth; Julius Caesar. 

Group III. (Two to be selected.) Defoe's Robinson Crusoe, 
Fart I; Goldsmith's Vicar of Wakefield; either Scott's Ivanhoe, 
or Quentin Durward; Hawthorne's The House of the Seven 
Gables; either Dickens' David Copperfield, or A Tale of Two 
Cities; Thackeray's Henry Esmond; Mrs. Gaskill's Cranford; 
George Eliot's Silas Marner; Stevenson's Treasure Island. 

Group IV. (Two to be selected.) Bunyan'sPiZornw's P/o- 
giess, Part I; the Sir Roger de Goverley Fapers in the ^'Specta- 
tor;" Fra.nk\in's Autobiography (condensed); Irving' s Sketch 
Book; Macaulay's Essays on Lord Clive and Warren HasUvgs; 
Thackeray's English Humourists; Selections from Lincoln, in- 
cluding at least the two inaugurals, thi' speeches in Indepen- 
dence Hall and at Gettysburg, the Last Fublic Address and 
Letter to Horace Greeley, along with a brief memoir or esti- 



24 BULLETIN 

mate; Parlcman's Oregon Trail; either Thoreau's Walden^ or 
Huxley's Autobiography and selections from Lay Sermons 
including the address on Iwproving Natural Knowledge, A Li- 
beral Education, and ^ Piece of Chalk; Stevenson's Inland 
Voyage, and Travels luitli a Donkey. 

Group V. (Two to be selected.) Palgrave's Golden Trea- 
sury (First Series,) Books II and III, with special attention 
to Dryden, Collins, Gray, Cowper, and Burns; Gray's Elegy 
in a Country Church-yard and Goldsmith's Deserted Village; 
Co\Qv\dge.' s Ancient Mariner z.n([ Lowell's T/^e Vision of bir 
Launfal; Scott' The Lady of the Lake, Byron's Childe Earold, 
Canto IV, and The Prisoner of Chillon; Palgrave's Golden 
TreasiLvy (First Series,) Book IV, with special attention to 
Wordsworth, Keats and Shelley; Poe's The Raven; Long- 
fellow's The Courtship of Miles Standish, and Whittier's Snow 
Bound; Macaulay's Lays of Ancient Rome, znd. Arnold's 5'oA- 
rab and Rustum; Tennyson's Gareth and Lynette, Lancelot 
and Elaine, and TJie Passing of Arthur; Browning's Cavalier 
Tunes, The Lost Leader, How They Brought the Good Neios 
from Ghent to Aio', Home Thoughts from Abroad, Home 
Thoughts from the Sea, Incidents of the French Camp, Herve 
Riel, Pheidippides, My Last Duchess, Up at a Villa — Dotvn in 
the City. 

b. Study and Practice — (One unit) Shakespeare's Macbeth; 
Milton's L' Allegro, II Penseroso and Comus; Burke's Speech on 
Conciliation with America, or Washington's Farewell Address 
and Webster's First Bunker Hill Oration, Macaulay's Lifs 
of Johnson or Carlyle's Essay on Burns. 

MATHEMATICS 

a. Elementary Algebra, Aleebra to Quadratics — One unit. 

1. The four fundamental operations. 

2. Factoring, determination of highest common factor and 
lowest common multiple by factoring. 

3. Linear equations, both numerical and literal, containing 
one, two and three unknowns. 

4. Problems depending on linear equations. 

5. Radicals and the extraction of the square root of poly- 
nomials. 

6. Fractional and negative exponents. 

b. Quadratics and Beyond — One-half unit. 

1. Quadratic equations, both numerical and literal. 

2, Problems depending on quadratic equations. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 25 

3. The binomial theorem for positive integral exponents. 

4. The formulas for the nth term and the sum of the terms 
of arithmetical and geometrical progressions. 

5. Numerous problems chosen from mensuration, from physics 
and from commercial life. 

The equivalent of Hawke's and others. 
High School Algebra complete. 

c. Plane Greometry — One unit. 

1. The usual theorems and constructions. 

2. The solution of numerous exercises, including problems 
of Loci. 

3. The equivalent of Durell's Plane Geometry. 

d. Solid Geometry — One-half unit. 

1. The usual theorems, the properties and measurement of 
prisms, pyramids, cylinders and cones, the sphere and spherical 
triangle. 

2. Applications to the mensuration of surfaces and solids. 

e. Trigonometry — One-half unit. 

1. Definitions and relations of the six trigonometric functions 
as ratios, circular measurements of angles. 

2. Proofs of the principal formulas, and the transformation 
of trigonometric expressions by means of these formulas. 

3. Solution of trigonometric equations. 

4. The theory and use of logarithms. 

5. The solution of right, oblique and spherical triangles with 
applications. 

LATIN 

Latin A — Three units. 

A systematic course of five lessons a week extending over a 
period of three years is required. 

The real test of the candidate's fitness is based upon his 
ability to read simple Latin prose, to explain constructions and 
idioms, and to turn simple Latin sentences into prose. 

He should have studied grammar, elementary prose composition, 
90 to 120 pages of Nepos (Lives) and Caesar (Gallic and Civil wars); 
also about 40 pages of Cicero and the first four books of Virgil or 
its equivalent in Latin poetry. 

Latin B — One unit (optional.) 

Virgil and Ovid, 6,000 to 10,000 verses or other equivalents not 
read in Latin A. 



26 BULLETIN 

GREEK 
1, 2 or 3 units 

L The equivalent of Wliite^s First Greek Book. Five recitations 
a week for at least thirty weeks. The candidates shall have read 
the equivalent of about eight chapters of Anabasis and show a 
knowledge of ordinary forms. One unit. 

2. At least the first four books of the Anabasis together with the 
ability to turn short sentences into Greek. One unit, 

3. The translation at sight of Attic prose and of Homer, con- 
structions, Idioms and prosody and the ability to translate a short 
passage of connected English narrative Is required. One unit. 

GERMAN 

a. Elementary German — Two units. 
During the first year the work should comprise: 

1. Careful drill on pronunciation. 

2. Drill on the rudiments of grammar. 

3. Abundant easy exercises in reproduction and memory work. 

4. The reading of 75 to 100 pages of graduated texts from a 
reader. During the second year the work should comprise: 

1. The reading of 150 to 200 pages of literature in the form 
of easy stories and plays. 

2. Reproduction practice as before, both oral and written. 

3. Continued drill on the rudiments of grammar. 
Suitable stories and plays are as follows: 

Wilhelmi's Einer muss heiraten, Bacon's Im Vaterland, 
Anderson's Maerchen, Leander's Traeumereien. Heyse's 
U Arrabbiata, Hillern's Hoher als die Kirche, Storm's Immen- 
see, Zschokke's Der Zerbrochene Krug, Stoekl's Unter dem 
Christbaum, Baumbach's, Der Schwiegersohn. 

b. Intermediate German — One unit. 

The work should comprise, in addition to the elementary course, 
the reading of about 400 pages of moderately difficult prose and 
poetry together with constant drill in reproduction and gram- 
matical drill, with special reference to the infinitive and the 
•subjunctive. 

Suitable reading matter can be selected from the following: 
Freytag's Die Journalisten, Fouque's Undine, Goethe's 
Hermann and Dorothea, Lessing's Minna von Barnhelm, 
Schiller's Der N-iffeals Onkel, Wilhelm Tell, Die Jungfrau von 
Orleans and others prescribed by the College Entrance Ex- 
amination Board. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 27 

FRENCH 

a. Elementary French — Two units. 

The applicant should be able to pronounce French accurately, 
to turn sinaple English sentences into French and to answer ques- 
tions on the rudiments of grammar. 

The first year's work should comprise the rudiments of gram- 
mar, the reproduction of natural forms of expression and the 
reading of 100 to 175 duodecimo pages of graduated texts. 

During the second year the work should comprise: 

1. Constant practice in translating into French easy varia- 
tions upon the texts read. 

2. Frequent oral abstracts. 

3. The mastery of the use of pronouns, pronominal adjec- 
tives, of all but the rare irregular verb forms and the simpler 
uses of the conditional and the subjunctive. 

4. The reading of 400 to 500 pages of easy modern prose in 
the form of stories, plays, or historical or biographical sketches. 

Suitable texts for the second year are: 

About's Le roi des montagnes; Bruno's Le tourde la France; 
Mairet's La tache dupetit Pierre; Merimee's Colorriba; Legouve 
-and Labiche's La cigale chez les fourmis; Le Bedolliere's La 
Mere Michel et son chat. 

b. Intermediate French— One unit. 

1. Constant practice in French paraphrasing. 

2. Grammar in modern completeness. 

3. Writing from dictation. 

4. The reading of from 400 to 600 pages from suitable texts 
such as the following: 

Cornell le's Le Cid; Sandeau's Le gendre de M. Poirier; 
Daudet's La Belle- Nivernaise; Racine's Athalie, Andromaque 
and Esther; George Sand's plays and stories; Sandeau's, Mad- 
emoiselle de la Siegliere, and others. 

PHYSICS 

One unit 

1. The study of a standard text book as Carhart and Chute's 
High School Physics, orMilikan and Gale's, A First Course m Physics. 

2. Lectures and table demonstrations. 

3. Individual laboratory work consisting of at least 30 experi- 
ments as required by the College Entrance Examination Board. 

4. The course, should include the following fundamental 
topics: 



28 BULLETIN 

a. Introduction; Metric system, volume, density, weight andt 
states of matter. 

b. Mechanics: fluids and solids. 

c. Heat. 

d. Sound. 

e. Light. 

f. Magnetism. 

g. Static Electricity, 
h. Current Electricity. 

The applicant must also present an approved laboratory note 
book of experiments performed, together with a certificate from 
the teacher of Physics stating the exact character and amount 
of work done under his supervision. 

BOTANY 

One unit 

PART L The General Principles of (a) Anatomy and Mor- 
phology, (b) Physiology, and (c) Ecology. 

a. Anatomy and MorDhologv. 

The seed, the shoot, specialized and metamorphosed shoots, the- 
root, specialized and metamorphosed roots, the flower, the com- 
parative and morphological study of four or more types, the 
fruit and the cell. 

b. Physiology. 

Roll of water in the plant, photosynthesis, respiration, diges- 
tion, irritability, growth and fertilization. 

c. Ecology. 

Modifications, dissemination, crosspollination, light relations 
of green tissue and special habitats. 

PART IL The natural History of the Plant Groups and clas- 
sification. 

A comprehensive study of the great natural groups of plants. 
Selections may be made from the following: 

a. Algae. Pleurococus, Sphaerella, Spirogyra, Vaucheria, Fucus, 
Nemalion.- 

b. Fungi. Bacteria, Rhizopus or Mucor, Yeast, Puccinia, Corn 
Smut, Mushroom. 

C. Lichens. Physcia (or Parmelia or Usnea). 

d. Bryophytes. in Hepaticae, Radula and in Musci, Mnium. 

e. Pteridophytes. In Filicineae, Aspidiura, or equivalent, 
including the prothallus. In Equesetinae, Equisetum. In Lyco- 
podineae, Lycopodium and Selaginella. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 29 

f. Gryninosperms. Pinus or equivalent. 

S. Angiosperms. a monocotyledon and dicotyledon. 

The applicant shall present a certified note-book of individual 
laboratory work of at least double the amount of time given to 
recitation. Special stress should be laid on accurate drawings 
-and precise descriptions. 

ZOOLOGY 

One unit 

1. The general natural history — including general external 
structure in relation to adaptations, life histories, geographical 
range, relations to other plants and animals, and economic rela- 
tions — of common vertebrates. 

Suggested types are a mammal, bird, lizard, snake, turtle, 
newt, frog, dogfish or shark, bony fish, clam, snail, starfish, 
-earthworm, hydra, sea anemone, paramoecium. 

Pupils should be familiar with orders of insects or with crus- 
taceans, spiders and myriapods. 

Actual examination of common animals with the above should 
be supplemented by reading giving natural history information. 

Laboratory work required. 

Certified note-books should be presented. 

In general, the work as outlined by the College Entrance Exam- 
ination Board will be accepted. 

CHEMISTRY 

One unit 

The candidate's preparation should include: 

1. Individual laboratory work, comprising at least forty exer- 
cises from a list of sixty or more as outlined by the College En- 
trance Examination Board. 

2. Instruction by lecture-table demonstrations, to be used 
:mainly as a basis for questioning upon the general principles 

involved in the pupil's laboratory investigations. 

3. The study of at least one standard text-book, to the end that 
the pupil may gain a comprehensive and connected view of the 
most important facts and laws of elementary Chemistry. Brownlee 
and Others Principles in Chemistry or its equivalent is required. 

HISTORY 

a. Ancient History, with special reference to Greek and Roman 
Tiistory, including also a brief study of the ancient civilization 
tand bringing the study down to the death of Charlemagne. 



30 BULLETIN 

b. Mediaeval and Modern History, from the death of Charle- 
magne to the present time. 

c. English History. 

d. American History and Civics. 

GEOGRAPHY 

One unit 

a. The Earth as a Globe. 

b. The Ocean. 

c. The Atmosphere — including weather instruments and the 
U. S, Weather Map. 

d. The Land. 

e. Volcanoes. 

f. Rivers. 

g. Glaciers. 

h. Relation of man, plants and animals to climate, land forms, 
and oceanic areas. 

A note-book certified to by the teacher in charge is required 
in all cases for one unit. Otherwise one-half unit only may be 
offered. 

DRAWING 

One unit 

1. The applicant must be able to sketch with fairly steady 
and clean lines any figures or combinations of figures, polygons, 
spirals or the like. 

2. He shall be able to sketch common objects such as furni- 
ture and utensils with re..oonable accuracy and correctness of 
proportion. 

3. Also to sketch from copy, enlarging or reducing dimen- 
sions, any simple object, such as a valve or title pattern. 

A note-book with drawings both approved and certified to by 
the teacher must be presented in order to receive credit. 





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LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 35 

PHILOSOPHY AND EDUCATION 

PHILOSOPHY 

1. Psychology — Three hours. First Semester. 

Special emphasis will be upon (1) the application of psychologi- 
cal laws to practical life, and (2) the philosophical bearing of 
certain psychological principles. Thus, without departing from 
the mode of treatment appropriate to a natural science, this 
course will be made to serve as a general introduction to phi- 
losophy. 

Text-book, Angell's Psychology. 

2. Logic — Three hours. Second Semester. 

The intimate relation between Logic and Psychology will be 
emphasized throughout the course. From this point of view 
the traditional subject matter of elementary logic will be care- 
fully discussed and the detection and classification of fallacies 
drilled upon. About half the time of the course will be given 
to Inductive Logic. 

Text-book, Hibben's Zo^'/c; Deductive and Inductive. 

3. History of Ancient Philosophy —Two hours. First Semester. 
In this course, and in its sequel, Philosophy 4, the aim will be 

(1) to trace the development of philosophy, pointing out what 
of permanent value each system, as it arose, contributed toward 
a final solution of the problem of the nature of being, and (2) 
to show the interaction between philosophic thought and the 
practical life of the period during which it flourished. 

4. History of Modem Philosophy — Two hours. Second 
Semester. 

The work will be critical as well as expository, and an effort 
v/ill be made at reconstruction on the basis of the great systems 
of philosophy worked out from Descartes to Spencer. 

5. Ethics— Two hours. Throughout the year. 

This course will be primarily constructive and only in so far 
critical and historical as its constructive purpose demands. Much 
attention will be given to the practical bearing of the doctrine 
set forth on the pressing problems of today — such as individual- 
ism, the integrity of our social institutions, the problems which 
grow out of progress, etc. 

EDUCATION 

1. History of Education — Three hours. First Semester. 
A study of pedagogical theories and practices, from the early 



36 BULLETIN 

days of China to the present with some reaction upon the doc- 
trines discussed. 

2. School Manaffement — Three hours. Second Semester. 

A consideration of the practical problems involved in class 
management and in school supervision. 

3. The Principles of Education — Three hours. First Semester. 
Discussion of the nature and ends of education, its psychological 

hases, general methods, etc. 

Either practice teaching or two theses will be required as a 
part of the work of the course. 

4. Secondary Education — Three hours. Second Semester. 
This course deals primarily with the American High School 

of today but some attention will also be given to the history 
of our secondary school system in the United States and to the 
secondary schools of Europe. The course will consist of two 
parts: (1) The general problems of the high school, and (2) 
The high-school curriculum. 

Either practice teaching or two theses. 

DEPAHTMENT OF LATIN 
PROFESSOR KIRKLAND 

A- Course for Beginners — The elements of Latin Grammar. 
The reading of at least two books of Caesar''s Gallic War. and as 
much as possible in Cicero's orations and in Vergil. This course 
will be accepted as the fulfillment of entrance conditions in 
Latin or for college credit if Latin has not been offered for 
entrance. Four hours throughout the year. 

lA. Cicero, De ISenectute and De Amicitia. Review of Latin 
Grammar, Prose composition. Three hours. First Semester. 

lA. Selections from Vergil and Ovid. The study of Mythology 
Three hours. Second Semester. 

2A Horace, Odes and Epodes. History of Latin Literature. 
Three hours. First Semester. 

2B. Selections from the Literature of the Early Empire. The 
Study of Roman Life. Three hours. Second Semester. 

Rapid Reading Course in Roman Poetry. Two hours through- 
out the year. [Not offered in 1915-16.] 

Teachers' Training Course — Two hours throughout the year. 
[Not offered in 1915-16.] 

Latin Comedy. Selected plays of Plautus and Terence. Two 
hours. First Semester. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE ' 37 

Latin Tragedy. Selected plays of Seneca. Two hours. Second 

Semester. 

DEPARTMENT OF FRENCH 

PROFESSOR KIRKLAND 

1. First Year French. Three hours throughout the year. 
Exercises in dictation and composition occupy one-third of 

the time throughout the year. 

Text-books, Fraser and Squair's Grammar, Merimee, Co- 
lomba; Labiche et Martin, Le voyage de Monsieur Perrichon; 
Daudet, Contes choisis; Dumas, L' Evasion du Due de Beaufort. 

2. Second Year Frencli. Three hours. Throughout the year. 
The novel, drama, and lyric of the Nineteenth Century are 

touched upon; the subjunctive mood is studied; oral exercises are 
used; the history of French Literature is examined. 

Text-books: Fraser and Squair's Grammar; Saintbury's 
History of French Literature; Dumas' Monte- Or isto; Tucker- 
man, Simplicite; About, Le roides Montagnes; Racine, Athalie; 
Hugo, Hernani; Bowen's Modern French Lyrics. 

3. Third Year French. Three hours. Throughout the year. 
The study of Modern French Prose and of France's place in 

civilization. 

Books: Nodier, Contes; Hugo, Notre Dame de Paris; Sand, 
Indiana; Pellissier, Le mouvement litteraire du XIXe Steele; 
Balzac, La Cousine Bette; France, Silvestre Bonnard; Foncin, 
Le Pays de France. 

GREEK LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE 

PROFESSOR SHROYER 

1. Elementary Greek. — Four hours. Throughout the year. 
Xenophon: Four Books of the Anabasis. Greek Prose. 

2. Advanced Greek — Three hours. Throughout the year. 

Homer: Three books of the Iliad, scansion, sight transla- 
tion, epic poetry. Greek antiquities, Greek literature and 
Greek prose. 

3. Junior Greek — Three hours. Throughout the year. 
Herodotus: Selections from several of. the books are read- 
Review of the Greek historians and the Persian Wars. 

Plato : Apology and Crito. The Athenian courts. 
New Testament. Readings in the Pauline epistles. 



38 BULLETIN 

4. Senior Greek —Three hours. Throughout the year. 
Xenophon, Memoi'dbilia; or Demosthenes, De Corona. So- 
crates and the Socratic schools. The Attic oration. 

Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus; or Aeschylus, Prometheus 
Bound. Development of the Greek Drama. Greek tragedy, 
comedy and theater. 

5. Junior Elective Greek — Three hours. Throughout the year. 
-- New Testament: Readings in the gospels of Mark and 
John, and in the Pauline and Catholic epistles. The object of 
of this course is exegetical and practical. It will include a 
study of the synoptic gospels and a survey of the letters of 
Paul. 

ENGLISH BIBLE 

PROFESSOR SHROYER 

1. Teacher Training — Tvv^o hours. First Semester. 

2. Bible Study by Doctrines —Two hours. Second Semester. 
*3. Life of Christ— Two hours. First Semester. Mark as 

a guide with references to the other gospels. 

*4. Life of Paul — Two hours. Second Semester. Acts and 
Pauline Epistles. 

5. Introduction to Bible Study — Two hours. First Semester. 

6. Scientific Confirmation of Old Testament History Two 

hours. Second Semester. 

7. Introduction to the Study of ComDarative Eeligdons — Two 
"hours. One Semester. This course may be taken instead of 
either one of the above at the discretion of the teacher. 

GERMAN LANGUAGE AND LITEEATURE 

PROFESSOR SELTZER 

1. Freshman German — Three hours. Throughout the year. 
Literature of the 19th century. Fouque's Undine; Heine's 

Die Haizreine; Freytag's Die Journalisttii : Scheffel's EJcke 
hard; Mueller's Deutsche L'lebe; Deutsche Gedichte; Wenke- 
bach's Composition. 

2. Sophomore German — Three hours. Throughout the year. 
Literature of the 18th century. Representative works of Les- 

sing, Schiller and Goethe will be read, discussed and compared. 

♦Bible 3 and 4 may be taken instead of Bible 1 and 2 at the 
discretion of the teacher. 



I 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 39 

3. Junior German — Two hours. Throughout the year. 
General view of German Literature. Rapid reading of 

representative authors of each period; reading of selections 
from German History, Freytag's Aus dem Jahrhundert des 
gronsen Kneg< s Reports on assigned work. 

4. Scientific German — Two hours. Throughout the year. 

6. Beginnins" German — Four hours. Throughout the year. 

Drill in the fundamentals of the language. Easy texts are 
read the second semester. Freshman requirement for those who 
do not offer German for entrance. 

ENGLISH LANGUAGE AITO IITERATUKE 

PROFESSORS LONG AND ADAMS 

1. Tlieory and Practice of English Composition — Two hours. 
Throughout the year. 

This course includes a thorough study of technique and exten- 
sive T^rriting of short and long themes. There are recitations, 
lectures and private conferences. 

2. Critical Exposition — Long and short themes. Our hour. 
Throughout the year. 

First Semester: Principles of criticism; analysis of prose essay 
style. Second Semester: Argumentation, translation and the 
analysis of the short story. 

3. Public Speaking — One hour. Throughout the year. This 
course aims to give the student practice in the fundamentals of 
oral expression. Study of the lives and methods of great orators. 
Drill in interpreting and delivering orations and other forms of 
literature. Extemporaneous speaking, arguments^ occasional 
speeches and original orations, impersonation, characterization, 
dramatic study and presentation of scenes from some of Shakes- 
peare's plays. 

4. History of Engiisli Literature — Three hours. Throughout 
the year. 

This course deals with the work of all the leading authors 
from the earliest times to the present. 

Text-books: Moody and Lovett's History of English Liter- 
ature, and Manly's English Poetry. Prerequisite, English 2. 

5. Shakespeare — Three hours. Throughout the year. The 
development of the drama from the miracle plays to Shakes- 
peare's time is traced. Shakespeare's plays are then taken 
chronologically and critically studied. 



40 BULLETIN 

6. Prose Fiction. — Three hours. Throughout the year. The 
history and technique of the novel are outlined and discussed. 
Masterpieces from each period of development are studied and 
analyzed. ^ 

MATHEMATICS AND ASTRONOMY 

MATHEMATICS 
Professor Lehman 

1. Advanced Alsebra — Four hours. First Semester. 
Covering ratio and proportion, variation, progressions, the 

binominal theorem, theorem of undetermined coefficients, loga- 
rithms, permutations and combinations, theory of equations, par- 
tial fractions, etc. 

2. Plane and Spherical Trigonometry— Four hours. Second 
Semester. 

Definitions of trigonometric functions, goniometry, right and 
oblique triangles, measuring angles to compute distances and 
heights, development of trigonometric formulae, solution of right 
and oblique spherical triangles, applications to Astronomy. 

3. Analytic Geometry — Three hours. Throughout the year. 
The equations of the straight line, circle, ellipse, parabola, and 

hyperbola are studied, numerous examples solved, and as much 
of the higher plane curves and of the geometry of space is cov- 
ered as time will permit. 

4. Differential Calculus — Three hours. First Semester. 
Differentiation of algebraic and transcendental functions, 

maxima and minima, development into series, tangents, normals, 
evolutes, envelopes, etc. 

5. Integral Calculus — Three hours. Second Semester. 
Integrations, rectification of curves, quadrature of surfaces, 

cubature of solids, etc. 

6. Plane Surveying — Three hours. Second Semester. 
A study of the instruments, field work, computing areas, plot- 
ting, leveling, etc. 

7. Differential Equations — Three hours. First Semester. 
A course in the elements of differential equations. Murray. 
Prerequisite, Mathematics 3, 4 and 5. 

8. Analytic Mechanics — Three hours. Second Semester. 
Bowser. 

Preresquisite, Mathematics 7. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 41 

ASTRONOMY 
Professor Lehman 

1. General Astronomy — Four hours. First Semester. 

A course in descriptive astronomy. Reports on assigned read- 
ings. Important constellations and star groups are studied. 

A fine four-and-a-half inch achromatic telescope adds to the 
interest of the subject. 

Open to Juniors and Seniors. 

HISTORY AND POLITICAL SCIENCE. 

PROFESSOR SHENK AND MISS ORRIS 

1. Mediaeval and Early Modem History — Two hours. 
Throughout the year A study of the life and institutions of the 
Middle Ages; the Renaissance and the Reformation. 

Thatcher and Schwill's Europe in the Middle Agef^; Schwill's 
Mod--rn Europe; Robinson's Reading . 

2. EuroDean History from the accession of Louis XIV to the 
present time. Two hours. Throughout ihe year. 

Robinson and Beard, The Development of Modem Europe. 
Vtlumes I and IT, Robinson's E'Mdlvgs. 

3. History of England— Two hours. Throughout the year. 

. A brief review of the Anglo-Saxon period; a more thorough 
study of the period following the Norman Conquest, and an inten- 
sive study of the Tudor period and the Revolution. 

Terry: History of Ev gland; Cheyney: Introduction to the 
Social and Industrial History of England; Cheyney: Readings 
in English Hit^tory. 

4. United States Political and Constitutional History — Three 
hours. Throughout the year. 

A full course covering the colonial and constitutional 
periods. An extensive reading course of original and second- 
ary sources is required. Elson : History of the United States; 
Macdonald: Select Documents. 

5. Political Science— Three hours. First Semester. 

A study of various theories of the State and of the structure 
and province of government. Gdirner: Elements of Political 
Science. 

6. International Law — Three hours. Second Semester. 

A course in the Fundameatal Principles of International 
Law. Much time is given to the study of important cases. 
Lawrence : The Principles of International Laio. 



42 BULLETIN 

ECONOMICS AND SOCIOLOGY 

PROFESSOR SHENK 

1. Economics — Three hours. First Semester. 

A general course in economic theory, supplemented by con- 
sideration of practical current problems. Careful consideration 
will be given the different points of view of the leading economists. 

Bullock : Introduction to Economics. 

2. Current Labor Problems— Three hours. Second Semester. 
A course devoted to a study of the important labor problems 

of the present day: Strikes, labor organizations, employers' asso- 
ciations, arbitration, trade agreement, labor legislation, etc. 

3. Theory of Socioloffy — Two hours. Throughout the year. 
The course is intended to give the student a knowledge of the 

various theories of society together with the place of Sociology in 
the general field of learning. 

BIOLOGY 

PROFESSOR DERICKSON AND MR. BOWMAN 

1. General Biology — Three hours. Throughout the year. 
Two lectures or recitation and one laboratory period of two 

hours each week. 

The object of the course is to acquaint the student with the 
essential structures and processes of living things. 

Types of plants and animals are studied in the laboratory to 
illustrate the structure, properties, and activities of living pro- 
toplasm as manifested in individuals composed of a simple cell, 
of tissues, and of systems of organs The principles of develop- 
ment, homology, classification, adaptation, evolution and heredity 
are considered. 

The course is fundamental and it or its equivalent is required 
for admission to all other courses in Biology. 

Required of Freshmen in Chemical- Biological Course. Elective 
for others. 

Text: Calkin's 5/oZogfi/ 

Lectures, M. lo, Th. lo. Laboratory, Sat., A. I\L 

2. *Botany — Four hours. Throughout the year. ■: 
Three lectures or recitations and two laboratory periods of 

two hours each, per week. The object of the course is to give 
the student a broad general knowledge of the plant kingdom. 



LEBANON' VALLWY COr.LEGE 43 

The form, structure and functioning of one or more types of 
€acli of the divisions of algae, fimgi, liverworts, mosses, ferns 
and flowering plants, are studied. Special attention is given to 
the ontogeny and phylogeny of the several groups suggestive of 
evolution. 

Experiments are performed in the laboratory to determine 
some of the relations of plants to water, gravitation, temperature 
and light. Several types of seeds are studied as to their structure, 
germination and development. The principles of classification 
are learned by the analysis and identification of representatives of 
at least twenty ?five orders of spermatophytes. 

The laboratory and class-room work is supplemented by fre- 
quent field trips. 

Each student is supplied with a compound microscope, dissect- 
ing instruments, note and drawing materials, and portfolio. 

Text-books: T'-'xt book of Botany, Coulter, Barnes and 
Cowles. Gray's Neio Manual of Botany, Laboratory and Fh Id 
Manurd of Botany Bergen and Davis. Lectures Tu., W., Th., 
9. Laboratory W. and Th. Hrs. arranged. 

3. ZooloST — Four hours. Throughout the year. 

Three lectures and two laboratory periods of two hours each, 
per week. 

The principles of biology 'are learned by making a careful com- 
parative study of representatives of several phyla of animals. 
The amoeba, euglena, Paramecium, vorticella, sponge, hydra, 
starfish, earthworm, crayfish, grasshopper, mussel, amphioxus and 
frog are studied. A careful study is made of the embryology of 
the frog. The process of development is closely watched from 
the segmenting of the egg until metamorphosis takes place. Each 
student is taught the principles of technic by preparing and 
sectioning embryos at various stages of development. From these 
and other microscopic preparations the development of the inter- 
nal organs and origin of tissues is studied. This is followed by 
a histological study of the tissues of the adult frog. 

Each student is required to keep a record of all work done in 
the laboratory in carefully prepared notes and dravv'ings. 

For Sophomores in the Chemical-Biological group. Elective 
^ for others. 
\ Text-books: Hegner's G'Wge Z'jology, Holms' T])e Frog 

; *Biology 2 and Biology 3 are given in alternate years. Biology 
"3 will be given in 1915-1916. 



44 BULLETIN 

Lectures Tu., W., Th. 9. Laboratory W. and Th. Hrs. 
arranged. 

4. *ConiT)arative Vertebrate Anatomy — Four hours. Through- 
out the year. Six hours' laboratory work and two conferences 
each week. 

The course consists of the dissection and thorough study of a 
suctorial fish, a cartilaginous fish, a bony fish, an amphibian, a 
reptile, a bird and a mammal. Carefully labeled drawings are 
required of each student as a record of each dissection.- 

Text-books: Pratt's Vertebrate Zoology, Kingsley's Text- 
book of Vertebrate Zoology. Lectures M. 9., Tu., 11. Labora* 
tory M., and Tu., Hrs. arranged. 

5. *Vertebrate Histology and Embryology — Four hours. 
Histology. 

Two conferences and six hours laboratory work per week. 

All the tissues as well as the structure of all of the organs 
of the body are studied. Each student prepares about one huni- 
dred and fifty slides. 

Text-book : A Manual of Histology and Organography, Hill. 

Elective for Juniors and Seniors. 

Embryology— Second week in March to the end of the year. 
Two lectures and six hours laboratory work per week. The 
laboratory work is based on the development of the chick and 
comparisons made with that of the frog and mammal. A study 
is made of living embryos at various stages of development. 
These are later killed, prepared and sectioned by the student for 
the study of the development of the internal organs. Fully 
labeled drawings are required. 

Text-book: Introduction to Vertebrate Embryology, Reese. 

Elective for Juniors and Seniors. 

Lectures M. 9 Tu. 11 Laboratory M. and Tu. Hrs. Arranged. 

CHEMISTRY 
PROFESSOR WANNER AND MR. DEHUFF 

la. Elementary General Chemistry — Four hours. Through- 
out the year. 

Three hours lectures and recitations and four hours labora- 
tory work. 

The fundamental principles of chemistry. Non-metals and 

** Biology 4 and Biology 5 are given in alternate years. Biology 
5 will be given in 1915-1916. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 45 

tlieir compounds. Metals and their compounds. A few of the 
important applications of chemistry in the arts. 

The laboratory work comprises about two hundred and fifty 
experiments in general chemistry followed by some qualitative 
analysis. 

Text-books: Alex. Smith's General Chemistry for Colleges 
and Smith and liale's Laboratory Outline of General Chemistty. 

M. 9., Tu. 10., F. 9. 

The course presupposes no previous knowledge of chemistry. 

lb. General Chemistry — Four hours. Throughout the year. 

Two hours lectures and recitations and a minimum of six 
hours laboratory work. 

A more advanced course in general chemistry. A thorough 
study of the elements and their compounds and the underlying 
laws and theories of chemistry. 

The laboratory work comprises 200 experiments as outlined in 
laboratory manual below. 

Text-book: Mc Pherson and Henderson's General Chem 
istry. 

M. IT., W. II., F, II, 

Pre-requisite — A high school course in chemistry covering 
a year's work as outlined in the admission requirements. 

2. Qualitative Analysis — Four hours. First Semester. 

One hour lecture and a minimum of eight hours laboratory 
work. First semester. 

Pre-requisite Chemistry I. 

Methods of separating and detecting the bases. 

Methods of separating and detecting the acids. The analysis 
of solids, including both acids and bases. 

The laboratory work comprises: First, a study of the reac- 
tions of the metallic salts; Second, the separation and detection 
of the acids and bases. 

The student is required to analyze a number of unknown sub- 
stances both in solid and liquid form. 

Th. 7.45. 

Text-book: A. A. VI oyes' Qualitative Analysis. 

3. Quantitative Analysis — Four hours. Second Semester, 
One hour lecture and a minimum of eight hours laboratory 

work. Second Semester. 

Pre-requisite Chemistry 2. 

A few simple gravimetric and volumetric determinations and 
a study of the chemical operations involved. 

The determinations of the more important elements. The 



46 BULLETIN 

analysis of limestone. The analysis of a few common orea 
and alloys. 

Th. 7.45. 

Text-book: C. M. Allen's Quantitative Analysis. 

4. Quantitative Analysis — Four hours. Throughout the year. 
One hour lecture and eight hours laboratory work. 
Pre-requisite Chemistry 3. 

Advanced gravimetric analysis. 
Advanced volumetric analysis. 
Text-bDok: Fresenius, Quantitative Analysis. 

5. Organic Chemistry — Four hours. Throughout the year. 
Two hours lectures and six hours laboratory work. 
Pre-requisite Chemistry I. 

Introduction to, and stvidy of the fundamental principles of 
organic chemistry. 

The aliphatic compounds. 

The aromatic compounds. 

The laboratory work consists in the preparation and purifica- 
tion of a number of typical organic compounds. 

Tu. 7.45, W. 9. 

Text-books: Remsen's Organic Chemistry, and Cohen's 
Practical Organic Ghemistnj (laboratory manual.) 

6. Industrial Chemistry — Four hours lectures and recitation^ 
Pre-requisite Chemistry I. 

A study of the practical applications of chemistry. 
Trips are taken to industrial plants in the immediate vicinity. 
M. 10, Tu. II. 

Text-book: Rogers and Auherts' Industrial IChemisto^y for 
the Student and Manufacturer. 

GEOLOGY 

PROFESSOR WANNER 

1. General Geoloffy — Four hours. Second Semester. 
Four hours lectures and recitations. 
Dynamical, structural and historical geology. 
Also some practical work in the geological field trips in the- 
immediate vicinity. 

M. 7.45, W. 7.45, F. 7.45. 

Text-book: Scott's Introduction to Geology. 

AGRICULTURE 

PROFESSOR WANNER 
1. Agriculture — Four hours. First Semester. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 47 

Four hours lectures and recitations and four hours laboratory 
work. First Semester. 

A study of the principles and some of the practical applica- 
tions of farming. 

Text-book: Vv'arrea's Elements rf Agriculture. 
Not offered — 1915-16. 

PHYSICS 
PROFESSOR GRIMM 

1. General Physics — Four hours. Throughout the j^ear. Three 
hours lecture and recitations and four hours laboratory work. 

First Semester — Mechanics of solids, liquids and gases. Sound. 

Second Semester — Heat, light, magnetism, and electricity. 

The aim of the course is to give the student a good knowledge 
of college physics. 

Text-books: Kimball's College Physics, Ames and Bliss's 
Manual of Experiments m Physics, Car hart's Eb-ctrical 
MeaHuremeids 

Prerequisite — Mathematics 1 and 2. 

PHYSICAL CULTUEE 

The Physical work from the opening of school to December 1 
consists of out-door sports, and, although not compulsory, all are 
urged to participate. Most stress is placed on the training of the 
Varsity football team, however, and as much attention as pos- 
sible is given to the teaching of the rudiments to inexperienced 
men. Tennis is the other sport offered at this season. Fall 
tournaments for both men and women are arranged. Much inter- 
est has been shown recently in this sport. We now have three 
fine courts on the campus and if the interest continues more will 
have to be added. 

Our indoor work begins December 1 and lasts until the end of 
the winter term. This work consists of gymnastic classes two 
days a week and is compulsory for all Sophomores, Freshman, 
Resident Special and Music and Preparatory students. One hour 
credit is received for this work. Juniors and Seniors may elect 
this course but receive no credit. 

The work will consist of marching, calisthenic drills, ele- 
mentary work on the heavy apparatus, folk dancing and group 
games. 

The aim of the course will be to keep the students in good phy- 
sical condition and to prepare them to handle similar work in 
grade or high schools. 



48 BULLETIN 

Besides the required work, opportunity is given for basket ball, 
hand ball, volley ball, indoor base ball, and special apparatus 
work outside of class hours. 

In the spring opportunity is given for baseball, track, and 
tennis. Representative teams are selected in each of these sports 
and schedules arranged with other colleges. The spring work, 
like that of the fall, is not compulsory but every student is urged 
to select at least one of these sports. 

1. Freshman Physical Culture — One-half hour. Two hours 
per week, December 1 to April 1. 

2. Sophomore Physical Culture —One-half hour. Two houra 
per week, December 1 to April 1. 

The normal histology of the human body is made the basis 
of the class work. Each student is required to acquire a prac- 
tical knowledge of all phases of histological technic. 

ORATORY AND PUBLIC SPEAKING 

PROFESSOR ADAMS 

The work of this department is primarily personal culture, the 
highest development of the personality of the student. "The 
development of the art of oratory is the development of the orator 
himself." 

The course of Oratory affords opportunity for those who wish 
to develop their powers of expression either as interpreters or 
creative thinkers, through the interpretive study of the finest in 
literature. As the interpretation and adequate expression of 
the literature demands a high degree of mental activity at the 
moment of speech, and the student must think and feel with the 
author, his mental and spiritual powers are quickened with 
every step, and his progress tested by his ability to move his 
audience, the class. 

The course requires two years of stvidy of prescribed work. 
Upon the completion of the studies a certificate is awarded. 

Students entering the regular course must have had a high 
school course or its equivalent. 

GENERAL OUTLINE 

1. Public Speaking. (English 2). 

Orations, Debate, Extemporaneous Speaking, Impersona- 
tions. 

2. Voice Training. 

Vocal Technique, Placing, Tone Color. 



LEBANON VALLLY COLLEGE 49 

3. Literary Interpretation. 

Evolution of Expression; Laws of Art; Poetic Interpretation. 

4. Dramatic and Platform Art. 

Shakespeare, Dramatic Training, Deportment, Private Les- 
sons. 

5. Physical Training. 

Expressive Physical Culture, Gesture, Response. 
-6. English and Literature. 

Rhetoric, Composition, History of English Literature. 
7. Pedagogy. 

Psychology, Normal Training, Methods. 

DESCRIPTION or COURSES. 

1. Public Spealdnff. (English 2) One hour. Throughout the 

year . 

Required of Sophomores, Open to others at discretion of in- 
■structor. 

This aims to give the student practice in the fundamentals of 
-oral expression. Physical and voice exercises for securing poise, 
freedom and unity, breathing and articulation, placing and radia- 
i;ion of tones. 

Study of the lives and methods of great orators. Drill in inter- 
■preting and delivering orations and other forms of literature. 

Extemporaneous speaking, arguments, occasional speeches and 
•original orations, impersonation, characterization, dramatic study 
and presentation of scenes from some of Shakespeare's plays. 

2. Voice Traininsr. Exercises for breath control, for freeing 
•of voice by proper placing and direction of tone, purity, flexi- 
bility, radiation, resonance, and power; pitch, volume and inflec- 
tion in emphasis. Tone color and form, ideal and imaginative 
'qualities in tone. Diction. 

Given daily throughout course. 

3. Literary Interpretation. Development of the principles of 
Tublic Address. 

a. Evolution of Expression. Two hours. Throughout the 
year. Study of selections from great orators, essayists, poets and 
dramatists. Practical drill work before class for developing 
power of student through application of principles to his indi- 
vidual needs. Personal criticism and guidance to bring out 
-originality of Student. 

b. Prefective Laws of Art. Two hours. Throughout the 
year. Expressive study of different forms of literature with par- 



50 BULLETIN 

ticular attention to the laws of art which logically follow the 
sixteen steps of the Evolution, Dramatic work. 

(Two hours credit in coll-geis given for each of above courses, a 
and &, when taken with one private lesson a week ) 

c. Poetic Interpretation. One hour. Throughout the year. 
Special interpretative and critical study of the great poets, with 
presentation and criticism before class, to acquaint student with 
masters of literary art, to develop appreciation of music and 
suggestiveness of poetry, and imaginative and poetic elements in 
work. Study of poetic forms. 

Attention is given to the choice, adaptation, and abridgement 
of selections for public reading. 

4. Dramatic and Platform Art. One hour. Throughout the 
year. Interpretation and dramatic study of Hamlet, Macbeth, 
Othello, Merchant of Venice, Julius Caesar and As You Like It. 
Presentation of prepared scenes for criticism. Practical work in 
stage business, deportment and grouping. 

Platform deportment, correct bearing and presentation before 
audience. Platform methods and traditions. Pantomime, study 
of emotions. Freedom and responsiveness in bodily expression. 

Sketches and plays are given from time to time during the year, 
which with the annual college play provide special dramatic 
training for many. 

Private lessons, with attention to the special needs of the stu- 
dents, either in overcoming habits, or in personal development 
and repertoire, are given throughout the course to supplement the 
class work. More time is given to selections, arrangement of pro- 
grams, writing introductions, etc. One hour a week. 

5. Physical training-. Exercises for securing poise, bearing, 
freedom and ease in movement; to gain control over body and 
render it responsive to thought. Response in bearing and dra- 
matic attitudes. Gesture drill for definite expressions through 
different realms. 

Given daily throughout course. 

6. Enelish Literature. 

Composition and Rhetoric. (English 1.) 

7. Psycholoffy. Philosophy 1. 

Normal Training and Methods. One hour. Throughout the 
year. Practice in teaching and class management. Under the 
direction and criticism of the instructor the Seniors conduct class 
work, lecture upon principles and discuss their application. 

Recitals. A recital is given at least once a term for which the 
students are carefully prepared. These afford the students public 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 5 1 

platform practice by which they gain confidence and experience. 
Each Senior is required to adapt and arrange a program for 
a public recital, from some piece of literature approved by the 
instructor. 

TUITION 

Matriculation and Physical Culture, |6.00. Non-resident stu- 
dents may be exempted from physical culture. 

All tuition is payable in advance. No reduction is allowed for 
absence for the first or second week of the terms, nor for lessons 
missed during the terms except in case of protracted illness. 

Regular Course, fall term $30, winter and spring terms each 
$25. 

Special courses in Literary Interpretation, with one private 
lesson a week, fall term, $15, winter and spring terms, each 
$12.50. 

Private lessons, $1.00. 

Other classes will be formed when there is a call for any special 
line of work. 

Fee for certificate, $2.50. < i .] 



Lebanon Valley Academy 



Co 



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^ 




Lebanon Valley Academy 



Preparatory School 

OF 

Lebanon Valley College 



FOUNDED 1866 



ANNVILLE, PA. 



FACULTY 

SAMUEL O. GRIMM, B.Pd., A.B 

Principal 

ROY G. GUYER, A.B., B.P.E. 

Lai in 

STEWART INNERST 

Latin and Mathematics 

FLORENCE BOEHM 

Drawing 

FLORENCE M. MENTZ 

Mathematics 

MARY IRWIN 

English 

MYRA KIRACOFE 

Mathematics 
ETHEL I. HOUSER 
EnglisJi 
RUTH V. ENGLE 
Physical Geography 
CHARLES W. GEMMILL 
.Assistant in Physical Laboratory 
RALPH W. STICKELL 
English History 
JOHN W. LAREW 
American History 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 55 



HISTORICAL 

Lebanon Valley Academy was established in 1866. For forty- 
nine years it has cherished the ideals of full and accurate 
scholarship, and the development of character that fits one for 
the largest service to society. From its inception, college pre- 
paratory work has been its main purpose but its curriculum has 
been well adapted to the needs of those who have entered imme- 
diately into practical life or professional study. 

BUILDING 

The historic Academy Building has been completely remodeled 
during the Summer of 1912 and is now devoted entirely to the 
use of the Academy. The Academy building is now an imposing 
three-story structure facing Main street in the beautiful town of 
Annville and to the rear is the large college campus. The build- 
ing is electrically lighted and heated by steam. It is provided 
with hot and cold water, shower baths and all modern conven- 
iences. On the first floor are found the principal's office, general 
assembly room and reception room; on the second and third floors 
are provided the principal's apartments and accommodations for 
twenty-eight boys as well as a Society Hall. 

EXAMINATIONS 

Examinations are held at the close of each half year. Other 
examinations will be held whenever the completion of a subject 
warrants such examination. At this time reports are sent to par- 
ents and guardians. More frequent reports are sent when re- 
quested by parents. In the Academy records. A, signifies excel- 
lent; B, very good; C, fair; D, low but passing; B, conditioned; 
F, repeat in class. An "E" record may be removed by a test 
on any part of the course in which the record is poor. For such 
test a fee of one dollar is charged. An "F" may not be removed 
by a special examination. 

For special tests, given on work not completed because of 
absence or otherwise, a fee of one dollar is charged. For special 
examinations a fee of two dollars is charged. 

ADMISSION 

The applicant should be at least twelve years of age. While 
no entrance examination is required it is expected that the appli- 
cant shall have completed the ordinary common school branches. 



56 BULLETIN 

Each student should bring with him a certified statement ot 
work done in the school last attended. Blanks for such certifica- 
tion will be provided by the school. Tentative credit will be givea 
for work thus certified, and the student will be permitted to take 
up his work as near as possible where he left off, but any pre- 
vious work found to be unsatisfactory will have to be repeated. 

Students will be received at any time, but in general it is to- 
the student's advantage to enter in September, or less preferably 
at the beginning of the second Semester. However, the appli- 
cant usually finds enough work if he enters at any time. 

SUPEEVISION 

All Students except day students are required to room in the 
Academy building where they are under the constant supervision 
of the principal. Thus they not only profit by such personal 
supervision, but they have opportunities for help and encourage- 
ment not possible to other students. Furthermore, living in an 
atmosphere of activity and application to work, the student can. 
apply himself more effectively to his own work. 

Association with boys from other sections, with boys of more 
experience, will necessarily enlarge the horizon of the boy who 
has always lived within limited territory and will increase his 
breadth of vision and augment his usefulness in a larger life 
than he could otherwise have known. 

DISCtPHNE 
The institution has very few rules and regulations. Nothing 
is required but that which is necessary for the smooth progress of 
the school and for the attainment of the best work from stu- 
dents. Our endeavor is to encourage industry, knowing that then 
occasions tor discipline will seldom occur. The system is intended 
to teach boys and girls so that they may be able to care for them- 
selves when they enter college or enter the fields of industrial 
or social activity. We extend no encouragement to the student 
who has vicious habits and is not inclined to be law abiding. 

GRADUATION 

Any student who has completed 14% units of work as out- 
lined in the courses of study, provided that he has completed 
three units of Mathematics, three units of English, three units of 
Latin, one unit of Science, and one unit of History, shall be 
entitled to the school diploma. If the candidate desires to enter 
Lebanon Valley College he shall arrange his work to meet the 
entrance requirements for the several courses. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 57 

Students having completed only a partial course will be given 
certificates for sucli work upon request. 

EXPENSES 

Matriculation and Physical Culture $10.00 

Tuition, per Year 50.00 

For twenty-four hours or less the tuition is $50. Each addi- 
tional hour per semester, or half-year, $1.50. 

Children of ministers are required to pay one-half regular 
tuition. 

When two members of the same family attend school at the 
same time, a reduction of ten per cent, from the tution charge is 
allowed. 

All students taking the work in the Academy are required to 
pay a special Publication and Christian Work fee of $2. In con- 
consideration of the payment of the above the student receives 
the College News and the privileges of the Christian Associations. 

Laboratory Fees 

Elementary Physics, per semester $3.00 

Elementary Chemistry, per semester 4.00 

Biology 4.00 

Boarding 

Regular students are charged $3.50 per week or $133 per year, 
if paid in advance. 

Five-day students are charged $2.50 per week (fifteen meals) 
or $95 per year, if paid in advance. 

Day students may obtain meal tickets at the rate of twenty-five 
cents per meal, if paid in advance. 

The authorities prefer that all students who room in the Acad- 
emy Building board at the Dining Hall. 

Eoom-Eent 

The rates in the Academy Building when rooms are taken for 
one person only, range from $15 to $50 per year. When two or 
more students occupy one room the rates range from $10 to $35 
for each student per year. 

A deposit fee of $2 is required from each student who occupies 
a room in the Academy Building. 

Every student is charged with the furnishings of the room at 
the opening of the school year, and if the furniture and room and 
halls are in good condition when the students vacate, a portion 
or all of the deposit is returned. 



58 BULLETIN 

The minimum expenditure in the Academy for one year may 
be as follows: Boarding $133; Tuition $50; Room Rent $10; 
Matriculation and Physical Culture $10; Publication and Chris- 
tian work fee $2; Deposit fee $2, a portion of which may be 
returned. These items aggregate $207, less $5 if entire amount 
is paid in advance, which makes the minimum expenditure in the 
Academy $202. This estimate does not include books, nor labora- 
tory fees. 

Ten per cent will be added to all payments that are deferred 
more than ten days after the time when the installments are due. 

These rates are fixed by special act of the Board of Trustees. 
Failure to pay a bill before another falls due will exclude a stu- 
dent from classes and the privileges of the Academy. 

The regular Academy expenses are divided into four install- 
ments, and students are required to pay each installment in 
advance. One-fifth of the expenses is due at the opening of the 
school year; one-fifth, November 1; three-tenths, January 5, and 
three-tenths," March 27. 

No reduction will be made for tuition and room-rent, for a 
semester, except for protracted sickness. In case of long con- 
tinued illness, the loss is shared equally by the Academy and 
the student. 

No reduction will be made for table board, for an absence of 
less than one week, and then only in case of sickness, or impor- 
tant duties that compel the student to be absent from his Academy 
work. Reductions cannot be allowed for banquet trips, or club 
trips, or athletic trips. 

Students are required to furnish their own towels, napkins, 
soap, and all bed furnishings, except mattresses. 

Any student who receives beneficiary aid from the institution, 
may be called upon to render service for all or part of the aid so 
received. 

Opportunity for self-help is extended to a limited number of 
students in the Academy, who may serve as waiters or janitors. 
In each case the term of service is thirty-eight weeks. Close 
application is required to the work assigned. Neglect of duty 
is sufficient cause for the removal of the student from the position. 

DESCRIPTION OF COURSES 

A unit represents a year's study in any subject and is reckoned 
to be a quarter of the entire amount of work required of each 
student. However, the four years of English aggregate but three 
units. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 59 

For graduation fourteen and one-half units are required. The 
tSbllowing courses are required of all applicants. 

Latin a, b and c 3 units 

English a, b, c and d 3 units 

Mathematics a, a-2, c and b or d 3 units 

History 1 unit 

Science 1 unit 

Foreign Language 1 unit 

Total 12 units 

The remaining 2 ^ units may be chosen from the following list. 
Physical Culture is required of all students for which one- 
half unit credit may be given. 

OUTHNE OF COURSES 
First Year 

Xiatin a Beginners' Latin 5 hours 

English a English Grammar and Classics 4 hours 

Mathematics a Advanced Arithmetic 4 hours 

Mathematics a-2 First Year Algebra 4 hours 

tScience a Physical Geography 4 hours 

"f-Drawing 4 hours 

Second Year 

Ijatin b Caesar and Composition 4 hours 

English b Rhetoric and Classics 4 hours 

-Mathematics c Plane Geometry 4 hours 

fHistory c 



.„. , , , Ancient History 4 hours 

tHistory d ' 

-fGeometrical Drawing 4 hours 

Third Year 

Xiatin c Cicero and Composition 4 hours 

English c American Literature and Classics 4 hours 

Crerman a Beginner's German 4 hours 

Science c ) ^ ) Biology 



Science e | j Elemenary Chemistry '' 

■fHistory b English History 4 hours 

Senior Year 

Xatin d ] T Virgil and Composition 4 hours 

German b >- ** < Second Year German 4 hours 

©reek a ) f First Year Greek 5 hours 



6o BULLETIN 

Science d Elementary Physics 4 hours 

English d College Entrance Requirements 4 hours 

Mathematics d ) ( Solid Geometry 



Mathematics b f ] Second Year Algebra ^ ' ' * ^°^^^ 

History a American History and Civics 4 hours 

tElective 

*Required for graduates in Scientific Course 

** Choose one 



DESCRIPTION OF COURSES 

ENGLISH 

a-1. English Grammar — Advanced. First Semester 
Four hours. 

This course is required of all pupils who have not had high 
school grammar. Weekly themes are required. Reading: 
Irving's Sketch Book and Cooper's The Last of the Mohicans. 

a-2. Composition and Rhetoric — Second Semester. 
Four hours. 

Brooks' Gompositon and Pihetonc. Book I 

Theme work oased on experience and assignments for read- 
ing. Reading: Scott's Ivanhoe, Coleridge's The Ancient Mari- 
ner, Shakespeare's The Merchant of Venice, Scott's Marm>on. 

b. Composition a»d Rhetoric— Throughout the year. 
One year. 

Brooks' Compos'tim and Rhetoric Book I. 

Reading and Practice — Throughout the year. Three 
hours. 

George Eliot's Silas Marner, Shakespeare's As You Like It, 
Addison and Steele's The DeCoverly Papers, Dicken's A Tale 
of Two Cities, Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress, Goldsmith's The 
Vicar of Wakefield. 

c. American Literature — Throughout the year. One 
hour 

Newcomer's American Littrature, rhetoric continued. 

Reading and Practice — Throughout the year. Two hours. 

Oral reading and careful study of Yvdn-ikWri's, Autobiography, 
Hawthorne's The House of Seven Gables, Hawthorne's Tioice 
Told Tales, Shakespeare's Julius Caesar, Tennyson's Idylls of 
the King, Longfellow's Narrative Poems, Poe's Poems and 
Tales, Whittier's Snotvbound. 

Composition. — Throughout the year. One hour. 

Weekly themes required. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 6 1 

d. Compositioii and Rhetoric — Throughout the year. 
One hour. 

Brooks' Composition and Rhetoric, BooTc Two, concluded. 
Weekly themes required. 

English Literature — Throughout the year. One hour. 

iN'ewcomer's English Literature. 

Heading and Practice — Critical study of the English 
classics prescribed for college entrance. 

Shakespeare's Macbeth, Milton's Minor Poems, Tennyson's 
The Princess, Washington's Fareioell Address, 'Webster's Bun- 
ker Bill Oration, Carlyle's Essay on Burns. 

LATIN 

The following Latin courses are arranged in accordance wltli 
the College Entrance Requirements. 

Latin a — Beginners' Latin. Throughout the year. Five hours. 

One unit. 

Smith's Latin L' s^ior. s \s completed. Special emphasis is 
placed on the memorizing and classification of grammatical 
forms. Constant practice in turning short sentences illustrat- 
ing the fundamental rules of syntax into Latin is required. 

Latin b — Caesar. Throughout the year. Four hours. One unit. 

Caesar's (jCtZZic Warn, Books: I, IV. Thirty-six lessons In 
composition based on the text with as much sight reading as 
possible is required. Allen and Greenough's Latin Grammar. 

Latin C — Cicero. Throughout the year. Four hours. One unit. 

Cicero's ManiUan Law, Catoline I-IV and Pro Archais. 
D'Oge's Latin Composition. Allen and Greenough's Latin 
Oramrmxr. 

Latin d — Virgil. Throughout the year. Four hours. One unit. 
Virgil's Aenei'd IVI, Bennett's Latin Compositioii, AWen 
and Greenough's Latin Gramrnar. 

Latin a, b, c and d are required for admission to the Clas- 
sical and Modern Language Courses of Lebanon Valley College. 



HISTORY 

History a — Throughout the year. Four hours. One unit. 
American History and Civics. Detailed Study of American His- 



62 BULLETIN 

tory with special attention to the History of the United States. 
The latter part of the year will be devoted to a consideration oV 
national, state and county government. 

This course is required of all candidates for graduation. 

History b — Throughout the year. Four hours. One unit. 

Walker's Essentials of English Historij. Offered 19(6-1917. 

History c and d — Throughout the year. Four hours. One unit. 

Ancient History with special reference to Greek and Roman 
History and including a short introductory study of the more 
ancient nations and the chief events of the early middle ages,, 
down to the death of Charlemagne. Offered 1915-1916. 

GEEMAN 

a Beg^nnins: German— Four hours. Throughout the year. 
One unit. 

Bacon's German Grammar, and the reading of 75 to 100 
pages of graduated texts. Frequent reproduction from 
memory of sentences previously read. 

b Second Year German — Four hours. Throughout the year- 
One unit. 

Oral and written reproduction of the matter read in easy varia- 
tions. 

From ]50 to 200 pages of literature are selected from the follow- 
insr list: Heyse's L^Arrahbiata; Hillern's Hoeher als die Kirche; 
Storm's Immensee; Leander's Traeumerein, Zschokke's Der Zerbro- 
chene Kruj; Wilhelmi's Einer muss heiraten; Baumbach's Der Schwier 
gersohn. 

MATHEMATICS 

Mathematics a — Arithmetic. Half-year. Four hours. One- 
half unit. 

Rapid but thorough review of all the fundamental processes. 
Special drill in fractions, mensuration, percentage, the metric 
system and modern business forms. 

Hamilton's Arithmetic. 

Mathematics a-2 — Throughout the year. Five hours. One- 
unit. 

Beginners' Algebra to quadratics. Milnes' Algebra. 

Mathematics b — intermediate Algebra. Half-year. One-half 
unit. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 63 

Second year Algebra. This course must be offered for gradua- 
tion by all candidates who do not offer Solid Geometry. 

Mathematics c — Plane Geometry. Four hours. One unit. 

Durell's New Plane and Solid Geometry. Taught largely from the 
staad-point of the original probl m-. 

This course is required for graduation. 

Mathematics d — Solid Geometry, Half-year. One-half unit. 

Durell's Solid Geometry. 

SCIENCE 

Science a — Physical Geography, Half-year. Four hours. One- 
half unit. 

Dryer's Physical Geography. The earth as a globe, the ocean, the 
atmosphere, the land, plains, plateaus, mountains, volcanoes, 
rivers, glaciers, g'eological formations and ages. 

A summary of the relation of man, plants, and animals to 
climate, land forms, and oceanic areas. 

Science d — Elementary Physics. Throughout the year. One 
unit. 

Three hours recitation and two hours laboratory work per 
week. 

Mechanics of solids, liquids and gases, heat, magnetism, elec- 
tricity. 

No previous knowledge of Physics is required for admission to 
this course. 

Millikan and Gale's A First Course in Physics. Forty experi- 
ments as outlined in the National Phj-sics Note Book Sheets are 
required in the laboratory. 

Science e — Elementary Chemistry. Throughout. One-half 
unit. 

Two hours recitation and four hours laboratory work. 

The aim of the course is to present Chemistry to the beginner 
in such a way as to enable him to grasp the fundamental prin- 
ciples and to help him to secure a working knowledge of the 
Science in the laboratory. 

First Principles f'f Chemistry hy Brownlee and others, and labora- 
tory exercises accompaning same. 

DRAWING 

Free Hand Drawing: — Half-year, Four hours. One-half unit. 
Geometrical Drawing: — Half-year. Four hours. One-half unit. 
Drawing of geometrical figures, reconstruction of figures to a 



64 BULLETIN 

given scale, construction of scales to any given unit, projection 
of plane and solid figures, etc. 
Morris' Geometrical Drawing. 

PHYSICAL CULTURE 

Academy Physical Culture. Two hours per week December 1 
to April 1. Required of all preparatory students. 

SUB-PREPARATORY COURSE 

Sometimes students of mature age come to us not fully pre- 
pared to enter the Academy. They have for various reasons 
attended school for but a short time and find it embarrassing to 
enter the public schools with scholars so much younger than 
themselves. For these we make special provision whenever occa- 
sion demands. However, at least sixteen hours of regular Acad- 
emy work is required. 

ELECTION OF STUDIES 

There is considerable room for election of courses that have 
a special value to students intending to specialize. 

The principal advises students what subjects are fundamental 
to professional and engineering courses. 

FACTS TO BE CONSIDERED 

Although Academy students enjoy a number of the same fea- 
tures as college students, such as the use of an extended library, 
laboratories, the same social privileges, literary exercises, debates, 
Christian Associations, etc., they are in many respects an entirely 
separate student body with their own interests, and conduct their 
own literary society and athletics. 

SCHOLARSHIP 

A one hundred and thirty dollar scholarship is awarded each 
year to the Academy graduate who has, according to the vote of 
the Faculty, attained the best class record and deported himself 
in accordance with the regulations. 



Conservatory of Music 
and Art 



FACULTY 

E. EDWIN SHELDON, Mus. M. 
Pianoforte, Pipe Organ, Counttrpoint 

MRS. IDA MANEVAL SHELDON, Mus.B. 
Pia7ioforte, Earmony 

MISS GERTRUDE KATHERINE SCHMIDT 
Voice, Musical History, Theory 

MISS ORA BELLE BACHMAN, Mus. B. 
Pianoforte, Ear Training, Sight Playing 

MADAME ZELINE von BEREGHY 
Violin, 'Cello 

MISS FLORENCE S. BOEHM 
Painting, Drawing 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 6^ 



LOCATION AND EQUIPMENT 

The Engle Music Hall is a handsome three-story stone struc- 
ture. It contains a fine auditorium with large pipe-organ, direc- 
tor's room, studios, practice rooms, waiting and writing-room for 
students' use, large society rooms, lavatories, etc. The whole 
building is lighted by electricity, and heated by steam, and design- 
ed and furnished with a view to having it complete in every 
respect for the study of music in all its branches. A complete 
musical education, from the very first steps to the highest artistic 
excellence, may be secured. The director will use every effort to 
obtain positions for those students who have finished the courses, 
and who may wish to teach or perform in public. 

OBJECT 

The department has for its object the foundation and diffusion 
of a high and thorough musical education. The methods used are 
those followed by the leading European conservatories. The 
courses are broad, systematic, progressive, and as rapid as pos- 
sible. The conservatory offers the means for a complete education 
in musical art at a moderate cost. 

DESCKIPTION OF COURSES 
I. Pianoforte 

The course in Pianoforte is divided into five divisions; Sub- 
Freshman, Freshman, Sophomore, Junior and Senior. 

The course marked out, must, however, necessarily be varied 
according to the ability and temperament of the pupils. Many 
works must be studied by all, but there is much that may be 
essential for one student and not at all necessary for another. 
Individual instruction only is given. 

A system of technics is used that is in line with the most 
approved methods. Special attention is paid to the development of 
a true legato touch and a clear, smooth technique. The use of 
the pedal so much neglected is emphasized. At the same time 
expression and interpretation are not neglected. Technical and 
theoretical ability is worthless, except as it enables the performer 
to bring out the beauties and meaning of the composer. 

By a recent act of the Executive Board arrangements were 
made for a teacher to give instruction to children and others in 
the elementary grades of the pianoforte course at a cost within 



68 BULLETIN 

the reach of all. This work will be carried on according to the 
methods in use in the leading Conservatories. 

For such instruction, the rate of tuition will be thirty cents 
per lesson. This enrollment as a regular student of the Conserva- 
tory will entitle the student to all privileges of the institution. 
The advantages to be derived from appearing in recital classes, 
receiving instruction in stage deportment, as well as opportuni- 
ties for hearing and associating with other music students, are 
certain to act as incentives to better, more conscientious work. 

Memorizing music is required of all students. It is a great 
acquisition to be able to perform a number of selections from 
memory. 

Sieht Reading; — This, although to a certain extent a natural 
gift, can be greatly improved by systematic work. One who can 
read well has all music at his command, while a poor reader has 
but the few pieces which may have been learned. 

Practice — .Special effort is made to teach pupils how to practice. 
Difficult places are pointed out and the students are taught how 
to learn them in the quickest and most thorough manner. Quality 
is of more value than quantity in practice. 

Ensemble Playing — it is impossible to overestimate the value of 
thorough training in duet, trio and quartette playing. Students 
are given drill in these as well as in accompaniment playing. 

II. The Voice 

students contemplating work in this department should bear in 
mind two important facts; first that the natural ability to sing 
varies with every student, and secondly, that while the produc- 
tion of tone from any musical instrument is produced by artificial 
means, the elements that go to make up the human voice are 
composed of flesh and blood, subject to the most delicate nervous 
impulses. 

Hence the course in the Study of Voice must be varied accord- 
ing to the needs of the individual and the success of the pupil 
depends largely upon the sympathetic insight of the teacher and 
the sincere cooperation in mind as well as body on the part of 
the student. 

The old Italian Method as shown in Marchesi's "Art of Sing- 
ing" will be used and exercises from other standard texts will be 
given to suit the needs of the individual student. 

III. The Organ 
The churches of our country are making an increasing demand 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 6g 

for well-trained organists. The organ is no longer looked upon 
as an instrument solely for accompaniments and churcli use, but 
has taken its place among solo instruments and gained a distinct 
recognition from the music-loving public. 

A large field, therefore, is open to the student of the organ. 
The work as outlined aims to provide a thorough training in 
all that pertains to a mastery of the organ for church or concert 
use. A tvsro-manual Moller pipe organ is used in the Conservatory. 

IV. The Violin 

Among the stringed instruments, the Violin stands as one of 
the oldest and has always been admired for its beautiful and 
thrilling strains. 

The musical possibilities within the compass of the violin are 
marvelous and unexcelled by any other instrument. The best 
artists of the olden and modern times were skillful on the violin, 
and it appeals to those of the finest musical taste today. 

Nowhere in English literature do we find a nobler or more 
glowing tribute to the violin than is the little poem penned by 
our own immortalt "Autocrat" where he places the violin among 
the highest order of musical instruments. 

V. Theoretical Music 

Theoretical studies are essential to rapid and comprehensive 
sight reading and to excellence in the higher grades of music. 
Good pedaling depends on a knowledge of harmony, and memoriz- 
ing is greatly facilitated by it. 

An intelligent insight into the foundation, upon which rests 
the art of music, gives interest to the pupils in their playing 
and singing and makes them musicians, as well as performers. 

RECITALS 

Students' Evening Recitals. Each term recitals are given in 
which students, who have been prepared under the supervision of 
the instructors, take part. These recitals furnish incentives to 
study and experience in public performance. 

Students' Recital Class. Students who are not sufiiciently 
advanced to appear in the Evening Recitals are given experience 
in public performance in the Students' Recital Class. These 
classes are not open to the public. Rules governing Concert 
Deportment are brought to the attention of the students and each 
performer shown what is expected of him or her when before an 



70 BULLETIN 

audience. The result is a smoother and more satisfactory appear- 
ance in the Evening Recitals when assigned to such work. 

Artist Recitals. Not less important than the daily class room 
Vv'ork is the opportunity afforded students of hearing the represen- 
tative works of the great masters performed by artists of recog- 
nized ability of this and foreign countries. These recitals have 
met with much favor and enthusiasm among the students and 
Citizens. 

Senior Recitals. Each candidate for graduation shall give a 
public recital during the last year. 

Conservatory students rooming in the dormitories are required 
to take not less than 15 hours work per week, one hour practice 
on piano or organ counting as one-half hour credit. 

Candidates for graduation in piano shall have taken at least 
one year in voice or organ. For graduation in voice or violin the 
student shall have at least one year in piano. For organ the 
Sophomore year is required. 





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HOW TO BECOME A "FULL COURSE 
STUDENT" IN THE CONSER- 
VATORY OF MUSIC 

To be a "full course student" in the Conservatory you will be 
required to carry one solo subject (piano, voice, or organ) and 
two theoretical branches, such as Harmony and Musical History. 
Two lessons, each one-half hour in length, are given each week 
in the solo subject. Classes in Harmony recite two hours per 
week. Classes in Musical History meet on alternate days for 
two hour-lessons per week. The course in Harmony requires three 
semesters, while the course in Musical History may be completed 
in one year. 

The "full course student" engages four practice hours daily 
throughout the year. 

One subject, such as German, French or English may be taken 
in the College or Academy by a "full course student" without 
additional charge. 

The "full course student" will find the tuition as follows: 
FIRST SEMESTER — Two lessons per week, as stated above 

Piano or Voice $27 00 

Harmony 13 00 

Musical History 13 00 

Piano practice, 4 hours daily 10 00 

Matriculation Fee 8 00 

$71 00 
Voice or Piano added, 2 lessons per week. .$27 00 additional 

Organ, one lesson per week 18 00 additional 

Organ practice, one hour daily 14 00 additional 

SECOND SEMESTER — Rates and courses the same as first 
semester. 

CERTIFICATES 

REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTIFICATES 
Complete course in pianoforte or in any of the other subjects, 
viz: voice, violin, harmony, theory, or history. 
Fee for certificate, $2.50. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 73 



DEGREE 

REQUIREMENTS FOR DEGREE (Mus. B.) 

Candidates must already have taken a diploma including theo- 
retical course outlined on page 71. 

Must have satisfactorily completed one year's vpork in Canon, 
Fugue and Original Composition. 

Fee for degree, $10.00. 

TUITION 

(Each semester 18 weeks) 
PIANO, VOICE OR VIOLIN 

First Semester 2 lessons per week $27 00 

First Semester 1 lesson per week 13 50 

Second Semester 2 lessons per week 27 00 

Second Semester 1 lesson per week 13 50 

SENIOR AND JUNIOR YEARS 

Piano, Voice, Violin or Organ 

First Semester 2 lessons per week $36 00 

First Semester 1 lesson per week 18 00 

Second Semester 2 lessons per week 36 00 

Second Semester 1 lesson per week 18 00 

SUB-FRESHMAN AND FRESHMAN YEARS IN PIANO 

First Semester 2 lessons per week $10 80 

First Semester 1 lesson per week 5 40 

Second Semester ....... .2 lessons per week 10 80 

Second Semester 1 lesson per week 5 40 

PIPE ORGAN 

First Semester 2 lessons per week $36 00 

First Semester 1 lesson per week 18 00 

Second Semester 2 lessons per week 36 00 

Second Semester 1 lesson per week 18 00 

HARMONY, MUSICAL HISTORY, EAR TRAINING, THEORY, 
MUSICAL FORM OR PSYCHOLOGY OF MUSIC 

First Semester 2 lessons (class) per week $13 00 

Second Semester ... .2 lessons (class) per week 13 00 



74 BULLETIN 



COUNTERPOINT, CANON, FUGUE OR COMPOSITION 

First Semester 2 lessons (class) per week $16 00 

Second Semester ... .2 lessons (class) per week 16 00 

SIGHT PLAYING OR SIGHT SINGING 

First Semester 1 lesson (class) per week $6 50 

Second Semester 1 lesson (class) per week 6 50 

A charge of seventy-five cents each semester will be made for 
use of the Sight Playing Library. 
Practice Piano, 1 hour, per Semester $ 4 00 

Each additional hour, per Semester 2 00 

Practice on Pipe Organ, 1 hour daily per Semester 14 00 

Matriculation and Physical Culture 8 00 

Non-resident students may be exempted from Physical Culture. 

Students taking piano, organ, or voice only are charged a 
matriculation fee of $1.00 payable in advance. 

Pipe organ students must pay at the rate of 20 cents an hour 
for organ blower when motor is not in use. 

Regular music students are required to pay a special publica- 
tion and Christian Work fee of $2.00. 

Rates for Board and Room given on page 19. 

RULES AND REGULATIONS. No reduction is made for absence 
from the first two lessons of the term, nor for a subsequent indi- 
vidual absence. In case of long continued illness the loss is 
shared equally by the College and the student. 

All tuition is payable in advance. 

In the case of a holiday declared by the faculty, no lessons will 
be given or money refunded. 

Pupils may enter at any time, but for convenience of grading, 
etc., the beginning of each semester is the most desirable time. 

All sheet music must be paid for when taken. 

No pupil is allowed to omit lessons without a sufficient cause. 

Reports showing attendance, practice and improvement in 
grade, will be issued at the close of each semester. 

For all further information as to any particular course, or com- 
bination of courses, rooms, boarding, etc., address 

DIRECTOR OF THE CONSERVATORY, 

Lebanon Valley College, 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 75 

ART DEPARTMENT 

FLORENCE S. BOEHM, INSTRUCTOR 

COURSE OF STUDY FOR CERTIFICATE 

First Year — Drawing, sketching in pencil of various familiar 
■objects, and drawing from geometric solids, good examples of 
proportion and perspective, and the principles of light and shade. 

Painting — Flowers, fruit and leaves, models, casts and familiar 
objects. Elementary original composition. 

Modeling — Fruit, vegetable forms and leaves from casts and 
nature; animals from the cast and prints. Elementary original 
composition. 

Second Year — Charcoal drawing from casts. Painting in water 
colors and pastels from groups of still life, interiors, decorative 
subjects, flowers, draperies, and out-of-door sketching. 

Third Year — Sketching from life. Painting in oils from still 
life and nature. Wash drawings in ink, water color, historic 
ornament. Studies in color harmony. 

Teacher's Class — Principles and methods of drawing, modeling, 
blackboard drawing, lettering, brush work, sketching from life 
and water color. 

Saturday work is offered for teachers and children who cannot 
take work during the week. 

Keramics — Classes in china painting are instructed by the 
latest methods in conventional and naturalistic treatment. The 
china is fired in the institution, giving students an opportunity of 
learning how to fire their own china. 

Miniature — Miniature painting on ivory. 

Students who do not desire the certificate course may take 
special work along any line preferred. 

EXPENSES 

Matriculation and Physical Culture $6 00 

Non-resident students may be exempted from physical culture. 

Fall Winter Spring 

Term Term Term 

TUITION — One lesson a week ?10 00 $ 8 00 $ 8 00 

Two lessons a week 16 00 12 00 12 00 

Children's beginning class 250 200 200 

Children's advanced class 400 300 300 

Special lessons 75 cents each. Matriculation Fee, ,$ 1 00 



76 BULLETIN 



REGISTER OF STUDENTS 
Seniors 

Bender, Harry M Annville, Pa. 

Blouch, Gideon L Palmyra, Pa. 

Bowman, Paul J Middletown, Pa. 

Brenneman, C. E Windsor, Pa. 

Eby, Ira Clyde Lebanon, Pa, 

Engle, Ruth E Palmyra, Pa. 

Engle, Ruth V Hummelstown, Pa.. 

Engle, Larene Hummelstown, Pa.. 

Gibble, Phares B Annville, Pa. 

Houser, Ethel I Baltimore, Md. 

Irwin, Mary L Harrisburg, Pa, 

Jamison, Verling W Warsaw, Ind. 

Jones, John O Paradise, Pa. 

Kiracofe, Myra G Hagerstown, Md, 

Leister, J. Maurice Cocolamus, Pa, 

Lerew, John W Dillsburg, Pa. 

Mentz, Florence C York, Pa, 

Myers, Vera Longsdorf, Pa, 

Ness, John H Yoe, Pa. 

Orris, Mae Belle Steelton, Pa. 

Snavely, Carl G Ramey, Pa. 

Stengle, Faber E Oberlin, Pa. 

Stickell, Ralph Waynesboro, Pa. 

Van Schaack, Frank M Harrisburg, Pa. 

Weaver, Alvin L Annville, Pa. 

Young, David E Manheim, Pa. 

Zug, Lester B Chambersburg, Pa. 

Juniors 

Beaverson, Naomi D York, Pa. 

Black, Blanche Violet Annville, Pa. 

Blauch, Victor R Annville, Pa. 

Crabill, Ralph E . .Hanover, Pa. 

Curry, Conrad K Swatara Station, Pa. 

Dando, Harry S Lebanon, Pa. 

Daugherty, Mary L Columbia, Pa. 

Daugherty, Myrtle ... Annville, Pa. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

Deitzler, C. J Fredericksburg, Pa. 

Ernst, Ira S Hagerstown, Md. 

Evans, David J Lykens, Pa. 

Gingrich, Ruth A Lebanon, Pa. 

•Gruber, E. Viola Campbelltown, Pa. 

Hartz, Robert E Palmyra, Pa. 

Heintzelman, Esther Chambersburg, Pa. 

Heintzelman, S. Huber Chambersburg, Pa. 

Hollinger, Joseph K Lebanon, Pa. 

Holzinger, Charles Henry Annville, Pa. 

Innerst, J. Stuart Dallastown, Pa. 

KlefEman, Albert Henry Baltimore, Md. 

Light, Raymond H Annville, Pa. 

liight, V. Earl Annville, Pa. 

Long, John Mt. Joy, Pa. 

Long, D. Mason Mt. Joy, Pa. 

March, James G Dover, Pa. 

Mathias, Josephine S Highspire, Pa. 

McNelly, Willis Annville, Pa. 

Meyers, Margaret Altoona, Pa. 

Mickey, William E Harrisburg, Pa. 

Moll, Richard Robesonia, Pa. 

Moyer, Esther K Hershey, Pa. 

Oyler, Helen Chambersburg, Pa. 

Shaud, Albert G Annville, Pa, 

Shearer, Frank Harrisburg, Pa. 

Shenberger, Jacob F Dallastown, Pa. 

Snyder, Addie Ethel Lebanon, Pa. 

Spitler, Harry D Jonestown, Pa. 

Taylor, Ruth M Jersey Shore, Pa. 

VonBereghy, Marcel Harrisburg, Pa. 

Wareheim, Esta Baltimore, Md. 

Whiskeyman, Ruth M Annville, Pa. 

Witmeyer, Paul E Annville, Pa. 

Zuse, Clayton H Mt. Wolf, Pa. 



Sophomores 

Bachman, Esther Margie Annville, Pa. 

Bergdoll, Mary A York, Pa. 

Bodenhorn, Ellwood Annville, Pa. 

Boeshore, Harry F Lebanon, Pa. 



78 BULLETIN 

Eoltz, Ammon Lebanon, Pa. 

Brunner, Evan C Myersville, Md. 

Clark, Pauline Hersliey, Pa. 

Dasher, Katharine Harrisburg, Pa. 

Donohue, Joseph Shamokin, Pa. 

Fink, David Annville, Pa. 

Fink, Homer F Annville, Pa. 

Foreman, Harry Hockersville, Pa. 

Garver, Mary E Lebanon, Pa. 

Gonder, Ralph Lykens, Pa. 

HefCelman, Helen Ruth New Cumberland, Pa.. 

Henry, C. Vincent Lebanon, Pa. 

Henry, Louise A Annville, Pa. 

Herring, John H Pine Grove, Pa. 

Horstick, Charles B Campbelltown, Pa. 

Huber, Ruth Hershey Williamson, Pa. 

Light, Claude F Annville, Pa. 

Loomis, Charles H Harrisburg, Pa. 

Long, Abram M Mt. Joy, Pa. 

Miller, Nancy Margaret Lebanon, Pa, 

Morrison, John E Steelton, Pa. 

Mutch, M. Ella Schuylkill Haven, Pa. 

Rhoads, Russell Elizabethville, Pa. 

Risser, Harold W Campbelltown, Pa. 

Rutherford, Joseph D Royalton, Pa. 

Rupp, Russell Harrisburg, Pa. 

Shark, A. Herman Annville, Pa. 

Shonk, Alvin E Mt. Joy, Pa. 

Showers, Nettie Youngwood, Pa. 

Snavely, Earl Russell Ramey, Pa. 

Snyder, Lester F Red Lion, Pa. 

Stumbach, C. Guy York, Pa. 

Stine, F. L Annville, Pa. . 

Swartz, Ross Hummelstown, Pa. 

Swartz, William K Middletown, Pa. 

Umberger, Leroy O Hummelstown, Pa. 

Wagner, Paul S Hershey, Pa. 

Wenrich, Marlin Hummelstown, Pa^ 

Williams, Reuben W York, Pa. 

Wolfe, Violet I Lebanon, Pa. 

Yarrison, Guy Carroll, Pa. 

Zeigler, Edwin Harold Elizabethville, Pa- 

Ziegler, Helen E York, Pa. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 



79 



Freshmen 



Atticks, Robert M. 
Bachman, Paul T. 
Beidel, F. D. 
Beidler, Ada M. 
Bender, Rutti 
Berry, Ralph 
Blauch, Maurice 
Boltz, Katlierine 
Bortz, Emma 
Brown, Myrl 
Bucher, Norman B. 
Burkliolder, Jolin M. 
Colt, Hilda Fredericka 
Davis, Dorothy Eames 
De Huff, George A. 
Dietrich, La Roy S. 
Dunkle, Milred 
Engle, Marguerite 
Fasnacht, Killian Walter 
Foltz, Thomas 
Fridinger, Paul E. 
Fridinger, Mertis 
Frost, Charles 
Gallatin, Elizabeth M. 
Gambel, Merab 
Garber, Dale W. 
Garman, Mayme E. 
Garver, Ray A. 
Garver, Ammon A, 
Gemmill, Charles W, 
Gingrich, Harry S. 
Gingrich, Henry M. 
Greenawalt, Owen P, 
Hallman, George 
Hand, Naomi Warman 
Harris, E. Kathryn 
Haverstock, George M. 
Hershey, Virginia M. 
Hershey, Roy Z. 
Hess, Norman F. 
Hoover, Helen 



Steelton 

Annville 

Steelton 

Lehighton 

Dillsburg 

Annville 

Annville 

Annville 

Lebanon 

Rouzerville 

Shephardstown 

Hummelstown 

Meshoppen 

Ebensburg 

Royersford 

Palmyra 

Lucknow 

Harrisburg 

Palmyra 

EUwood City 

Jonestown 

Jonestown 

Lebanon 

Annville 

Jersey Shore 

Florin 

Hershey 

Hummelstown 

Hummelstown 

Windsor 

Annville 

Florin 

Mt. Joy 

Annville 

Philadelphia 

Harrisburg 

New Cumberland 

Hershey 

Florin 

Waynesboro 

Chambersburg 



Pa. 



8o 



BULLETIN 



Hostetter, Herman 
Hummel, J. Paul 
Inman, Kenneth 
Isaacs, William Hugh 
Jackowiak, Joseph Anthony 
Katerman, Harry W. 
Keating, William 
Keibler, Reno E. 
Keim, Raymond W. 
Keller, Aida K. W. 
Kennedy, Coleman Herbert 
Kirkpatrick, Elmer A. 
Klinger, Jno. Earle 
Klinefelter, Claude B. 
Kottler, Harry 
Kreider, Paul 
Kutz, Geo. 
Lefever, Rufus H. 
Lehman, John R. 
Lewis, E. William 
Light, Gideon R. 
Longenecker, C. R. 
Lorenz, Dorothy A. 
Loser, Ruth 
Loser, Walter S. 
Lynch, Clyde A. 
Madeira, C. Charles 
Markowitz, Michael 
Martin, William 
McCauley, Reno E. 
McConnel, William W. 
McLaughlin, Roy Oliver 
Mease, Ralph T. 
Miller, Paul E. 
Morrison, S. Franklin 
Morrison, John 
Mower, A. Glenn 
Ness, Rufus R. 
Nissley, Raymond 
Race, Fred 
Reber, H. Irwing 
Ruth, Katie O. 
Rutt, Alvin Nissley 



Cleona 

Hummelstown 

Rome 

Forty Fort 

Mt. Carmel 

Reinerton 

Rome 

Annville 

Enhaut 

Derry Church 

Palmyra 

Harrisburg 

Middletown 

Cleona 

Hershey 

Palmyra 

Birdsboro 

York 

Chambersburg 

Harrisburg 

Lebanon 

Annville 

Roaring Spring 

Progress 

Paxtang 

Harrisburg 

Elizabethtown 

Kingston 

Rouzerville 

Annville 

Portage 

York 

Palmyra 

Lebanon 

Steelton 

Steelton 

Shepherdstown 

\ ork 

Mt. Joy 

Rome 

Sinking Spring 

Sinking Spring 

Florin 



N. Y. 



N. Y. 



N. Y. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 



8l 



SchaefEer, Harry E. 


Lebanon 


<< 


Shettel, Paul 0. 


West Fairview 


" 


Simon, Adam Isaac 


Schaefferstown 


" 


Sloat, Ralph 


Rockport 


" 


Smith, E. Mae 


Annville - 


« 


Snyder, M. Arita 


Keedysville 


Md 


Sponseller, Harling E. 


Frederick 


« 


Stumbaugh, Eldridge M, 


Greencastle 


Pa 


Suckling, Clara 


HoUidaysburg 


i( 


Walter, Daniel E. 


Lebanon 


" 


Walters, Leroy R. 


Ephrata 


It 


Weaver, Elta 


Annville 


" 


Wrightstone, Harold 


Mechanicsburg 


« 


Woomer, Elizabeth 


Lebanon 


« 


Yetter, Harry S. 


Stevens 


<( 



Corrigenda. 

page 80, all the Post Offices are in Pennsylvania, 
Jt Rome, N. Y. 

page 81, the first five Post Offices are ia Pennsylvania. 




Kelchner, Ruth C. 


Annville 


Pa 


Klick, Charlotte 


Cleona 


<t 


Kratzer, Clayton C. 


Middletown 


« 


Longenecker, A. L. 


Lititz 


K 


Potter, Norman 


Portage 


<C 


Rosshorn, D. R. 


Ephrata 


Pa 


Shannon, Paul 


Richland 


« 


Shannon, Carl 


Richland 


« 


Sloat, Harry S. 


Rockport 


« 


Steinhauer, J. Earl 


Lemoyne 


" 


Urich, Josephine 


Annville 


« 


Wine, C. Harold 


Wilmington 


Del 


White, Harold 


Winsted 


Conn 



So 



BULLETIN 



Hostetter, Herman 
Hummel, J. Paul 
Inman, Kenneth 
Isaacs, William Hugh 
Jackowiak, Joseph Anthony 
Katerman, Harry W. 
Keating, William 
Keibler, Reno E. 
Keim, Raymond W. 
Keller, Aida K. W. 
Kennedy, Coleman Herbert 
Kirkpatrick, Elmer A. 
Klinger, Jno. Earle 
Klinefelter, Claude B. 
Kottler, Harry 
K] 
Ki 

L€ 

L( 

L( 

Li 

L( 

L( 

L( 

Loser, Walter «. 

Lynch, Clyde A. 

Madeira, C. Charles 

Markowitz, Michael 

Martin, William 

McCauley, Reno E. 

McConnel, William W. 

McLaughlin, Roy Oliver 

Mease, Ralph T. 

Miller, Paul E. 

Morrison, S. Franklin 

Morrison, John 

Mower, A. Glenn 

Ness, Rufus R. 

Nissley, Raymond 

Race, Fred 

Reber, H. Irwing 

Ruth, Katie O. 

Rutt, Alvin Nissley 



Cleona 

Hummelstown 

Rome 

Forty Fort 

Mt. Carmel 

Reinerton 

Rome 

Annville 

Enhaut 

Derry Church 

Palmyra 

Harrisburg 

Middletown 

Cleona 

Hershey 



Harrisburg 

Elizabethtown 

Kingston 

Rouzerville 

Annville 

Portage 

York 

Palmyra 

Lebanon 

Steelton 

Steelton 

Shepherdstown 

iork 

Mt. Joy 

Rome 

Sinking Spring 

Sinking Spring 

Florin 



N. 



N. 



N. Y. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 



Schaeffer, Harry E. 
Shettel, Paul O. 
Simon, Adam Isaac 
Sloat, Ralph 
Smith, E. Mae 
Snyder, M. Arita 
Sponseller, Harling E. 
Stumbaugh, Eldridge M. 
Suckling, Clara 
Walter, Daniel E. 
Walters, Leroy R. 
Weaver, Elta 
Wrightstone, Harold 
"Woomer, Elizabeth 
Yetter, Harry S. 
Yingst, William Paul 



Lebanon 

West Fairview 

Schaefferstown 

Rockport 

Annville - 

Keedysville 

Frederick 

Greencastle 

Hollidaysburg 

Lebanon 

Ephrata 

Annville 

Mechanicsburg 

Lebanon 

Stevens 

Lebanon 



Md. 



Pa. 



Special Students 



Berger, John 
Bucher, I. R. 
Carl, William C. 
Case, Flora 
Erb, George 
Jaeger, Gideon 
Kelchner, Ruth C. 
Klick, Charlotte 
Kratzer, Clayton C. 
Longenecker, A. L. 
Potter, Norman 
Rosshorn, D. R. 
Shannon, Paul 
Shannon, Carl 
Sloat, Harry S. 
Steinhauer, J. Earl 
Urich, Josephine 
Wine, C. Harold 
White, Harold 



Columbia 

Lebanon 

Annville 

Canton 

Lebanon 

Philadelphia 

Annville 

Cleona 

Middletown 

Lititz 

Portage 

Ephrata 

Richland 

Richland 

Rockport 

Lemoyne 

Annville 

Wilmington 

Winsted 



Pa. 
Pa. 



Pa. 



Del. 
Conn. 



82 BULLETIN 



ACADEMY STUDENTS 

Athanasian, Herant N Ismid, Turkey in Asia 

Attinger, Frank S Port Treverton, Pa. 

Baker, Harry P Shippensburg, Pa. 

Basehore, David B Hummelstown, Pa. 

Basler, Mary E Myerstown, Pa. 

Bechtel, Carrol Pottstown, Pa. 

Bessie, Chester L Springville, N. Y. 

Brubaker, Mark A Colebrook, Pa. 

Buhrman, Norman A Waynesboro, Pa. 

Carper, Frank S Palmyra, Pa. 

Deibler, Walter E Millersburg, Pa. 

Fake, Norman I Annville, Pa. 

Gibble, Beulah May Avon, Pa. 

Haines, Henry Red Lion, Pa. 

Heberling, Raymond S. Highspire, Pa. 

Landis, Harold U Palmyra, Pa. 

Macben, John Waynesboro, Pa. 

Mackert, C. L. R .Sunbury, Pa. 

McClure, Robert P Dillsburg, Pa. 

Moyer, Ellen E , West Hanover, Pa. 

Mulhollen, Oscar C Wilmore, Pa. 

Murphy, John A Rome, N. Y. 

Oakes, John W Annxille, Pa. 

Rhoads, Walter O Shamokin, Pa. 

Schaeffer, E. W Hummelstown, Pa. 

Smith, Raymond H Windsor, Pa. 

Suavely, Francis B Ramey; Pa. 

Wagner, M. A Lebanon, Pa, 

Weierbach, Elvin C Lebanon, Pa. 

Wheelock, Joel Depew, Wis. 

Wisner, J. Arthur Upperco, Md. 

Students regularly matriculated in the Academy 3 1 

Students from other departments receiving instruction in the 
Academy 62 

Total students in Academy 93 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

CONSERVATORY OF MUSIC 

SENIORS 

Barnet, L. Clarence Middletown, Pa. 

Bensing, Mabel May Lebanon, Pa. 

Campbell, Ray P Shamokin, Pa. 

Shanaman, Mabel A Ricbland, Pa. 

JUNIORS 

Campbell, Ray P. (Organ) Shamokin, Pa. 

Gantz, Lillian F Annville, Pa. 

Hertzler, C. Luella Manbeim, Pa. 

Linebaugh, Percy M York, Pa. 

Strickler, Ruth Lebanon, Pa. 

SOPHOMORES 

Dare, J. Rachael Harrisburg, Pa. 

Jenkins, Elizabeth Minersville, Pa. 

Kettering, Fleeda Palmyra, Pa. 

Miller, Margaret H Middletown, Pa. 

Oyer, Miriam Shippensburg, Pa. 

Richards, Florence Lebanon, Pa. 

FRESHMEN AND SPECIALS 

Bachman, Carl Annville, Pa. 

Bachman, Earl Annville, Pa. 

Bachman, Sara Annville, Pa. 

Bacastow, Mrs. S. P Hershey, Pa. 

Bossard, Ada Annville, Pa. 

*Boltz, Kathryn Annville, Pa. 

Bomberger, Linnie Lebanon, Pa. 

*Basler, Mary Myerstown, Pa. 

Brunner, Ruth Annville, Pa. 

*Christeson, Florence Annville, Pa. 

*Colt, Hilda . .Me^hoppen, Pa. 

Daugherty, Eva Annville, Pa. 

Daugherty, Paul Annville, Pa. 

Daugherty, Carl Annville, Pa. 

Daugherty, Helen .' Annville, Pa. 

Daugherty, Pauline Annville, Pa. 

Daugherty, Margaret Annville, Pa. 



84 BULLETIN 

Daugherty, Russell Annville, Pa. 

Depew Leroy Lebanon, Pa. 

*Dubble, Anna Myerstown, Pa. 

*Deibler, Walter Millersburg, Pa. 

Donmoyer, Luclle Lebanon, Pa. 

Detweiler, Iva Annville, Pa. 

DeLong, Elizabeth Annville, Pa. 

*Davis, Dorothy Ebensburg, Pa. 

Dullabahn, Serena Lebanon, Pa. 

Eichelberger, Earl Oberlin, Pa. 

*Engle, Ruth E Palmyra, Pa. 

Pink, Esther Annville, Pa. 

Folmer, Elsie Lebanon, Pa. 

Gantz, John Annville, Pa. 

Gillman, Lucile Annville, Pa. 

Gillman, Lloyd Annville, Pa. 

Gillman, Cecil Annville, Pa. 

Gerberich, Elsie Palmyra, Pa. 

*Henry, Louise Annville, Pa. 

Herr, Delia Annville, Pa. 

Herr, Meyer Annville, Pa. 

Herr, Charles Annville, Pa. 

Heilman, Harry Annville, Pa. 

*Heintzelman, Esther Chambersburg, Pa. 

Harrison, Madeline Lebanon, Pa. 

*Hershey, Roy v .Florins, Pa. 

Kratzer, Mrs. C. C Middleburg, Pa. 

Kreider, Mrs. G. R., Jr Annville, Pa. 

Kreider, Harvey Annville, Pa. 

Kreider, Rodney Annville, Pa. 

*Kreider, Kathryn Palmyra, Pa. 

Kreider, Ella Annville, Pa. 

Kettering, Esther Annville, Pa. 

Kettering, Josephine Annville, Pa. 

Kettering, Abigail Annville, Pa. 

Keller, Esther Annville, Pa, 

Kope, Olive A Burnt Cabins, Pa. 

Light, Mary L Annville, Pa. 

Light, Jennie Annville, Pa. 

Landis, Edna Hershey, Pa. 

*Lorenz, Dorothy Roaring Springs, Pa. 

Lehman, Max Annville, Pa. 

Lindsay, Jane Newville, Pa. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 85 

*Mease, Mabel Palmyra, Pa. 

Miller, Anna Anaville, Pa. 

Meyer, Sara Lebanon, Pa. 

Martin, Ethel Lebanon, Pa. 

*Maderia, Charles Elizabethtown, Pa. 

Newgard, Martha Annville, Pa. 

Cakes, Elizabeth Annville, Pa. 

Rohland, Effie Annville, Pa. 

Rohland, Harold Annville, Pa. 

Saylor, Myrle Annville, Pa. , 

Saylor, Gardner Annville, Pa. 

Sheffey, Emily Annville, Pa. 

Smith, Ida M Annville, Pa. 

Sholly, Margaret Annville, Pa. 

Sholly, Dorothy Annville, Pa. 

Silberman, Dora Lebanon, Pa. 

Stine, Josephine Annville, Pa. 

Speraw, Eve C ' Annville, Pa. 

Spessard, Edna Chewsville, Md. 

Strickler, Ethel Lebanon, Pa. 

*Stengle, Faber Oberlin, Pa. 

*Snyder, Arita Keedysville, Md. 

Shenk, Rachael Annville, Pa. 

*SchaefEer, Edgar Hummelstown, Pa. 

*Snavely, Carl Ramey, Pa. 

Tittle, Edna Lebanon, Pa. 

Thomas, Sara Avon, Pa. 

Wengert, Sara Lebanon, Pa. 

*"Wyand, Mary Hagerstown, Md. 

Whitman, John Miidletown, Pa. 

Wealand, Anna Palmyra, Pa. 

Weitzel, Stella Sinking Springs, Pa. 

Yaudes, Jessie Liberty, Pa. 

Youtz, Aaron : ; : : r Sheridan, Pa. 

Youtz, Rosa . Colebrook, Pa. 

Total 109 

Students receiving instruction in music, but not registered for 
private lessons 26 

Total 135 

*Taking work in other departments. 



86 BULLETIN 



ORATORY STUDENTS 

Bomberger, Mattie Annville, Pa. 

Brandan, J. M Hershey, Pa. 

Brenneman, C. E Windsor, Pa. 

Buhrman, Norman Waynesboro, Pa. 

Curry, Conrad Swatara, Pa. 

Bubble, Anna Myerstown, Pa. 

Eicbslberger, Earl Harrisburg, Pa. 

Harris, Kathryn Harrisburg, Pa. 

Heintzelman, Huber Chambersburg, Pa. 

Jamison, Verling W Warsaw, Ind. 

Kreider, Kathryn Palmyra, Pa. 

Kreider, Elizabeth Annville, Pa. 

Kreider, Mary innville, Pa. 

Kreider, George Annville, Pa. 

Mark, Violet Annville, Pa. 

McGowan, Jennie Lebanon, Pa. 

Schaak, Helen Lebanon, Pa. 

Sponseller, Harling Frederick, Md. 

Weaver, Elta Annville, Pa. 

Williams, Reuben York, Pa. 

Urich, Josephine Annville, Pa. 

Regular Students in Oratory Department 10 

Students matriculated in other departments 11 

Total receiving instruction in Oratory 21 

AKT STUDENTS 

Ora B. Bachman Annville, Pa. 

Matilda Bohr Lebanon, Pa. 

Irene Bodenhorn Annville, Pa. 

Kathryn Boltz Annville, Pa. 

Cora R. Brunner Annville, Pa. 

Florence Christeson Annville, Pa. 

Stella Felty Lebanon, Pa. 

J. Russel Gingrich Palmyra, Pa. 

Mrs. Samuel Grimm Annville, Pa. 

Virginia Hershey Hers^ey, Pa. 

Mary Irwin Harrisburg, Pa. 

Howard B. Kreider Annville, Pa. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLT EGE 87 

Ruth Loser Progress, Pa. 

Deborah Light Lebanon, Pa. 

Josephine Mathias Highspire, Pa. 

Mabel Mease Palmyra, Pa. 

Vera F. Myers Longsdorf, Pa. 

Helen Miller Annville, Pa. 

Barbara Miller Lebanon, Pa. 

Mary Stein Annville, Pa. 

Lucy S. Seltzer Lebanon, Pa. 

Mrs. E. Edwin Sheldon Annville, Pa. 

Josephine Urich Annville, Pa. 

Elsie Wallace Annville, Pa. 

Mary H. Wyand Hagerstown, Md. 

Elta Weaver Annville, Pa. 

Anna Wolfe Annville, Pa. 

Regular students in Art department 18 

Students matriculated in other departments 9 

Total receiving instruction in Art 27 

DEGSEES CONEEKREB JUNE. 1914 

MASTER OF ARTS 
Rev. Norman L. Leinbach, A.B. 

bachelor: of music 

Ora B. Bachman 1 : 

BACHELOR OF ARTS 

A.rndt, Charles H. Rodes, Lester A. 

Bachman, Catherine B. Schmidt, Carl F. 

Oharlton, Harry H. Smith, Edward H. _: 

Harnish, Leary Bowers Snavely, Henry Elias 

Heffelfinger, Victor M, Snyder, Martha E. 

Landis, Edgar M. Stager, William S. -, - 

Lyter, Thomas B. Strickler, Paul L. 

Lyter, John Bowman Uhrich, Clarence H. ■'[ 

Mutch, C. Edward Urich, M. Josephine 

Olewiler, Howard L. Walters, J. Allen - 

Reddick, D. Leonard Weidler, Russell M. 

Risser, Blanche M. Zimmerman, D. Ellis '■ 

A. B. Showers (class of 1907) 



88 BULLETIN 

ACADEMY DIPLOMAS PRESENTED JUNE 6. 1914 

Bender, Ruth M. Loser, K. Ruth 

Gemmill, Charles W. Reber, Irvin H. 

Gingrich, Harry S. Ruth, Katie O. 

Haverstock, George N. Schaeffer, Harry E. 

Katerman, Harry W. Shettle, Paul O. 

Kohler, Harry Wrightstone, H. K. 

Lebanon Valley College Scholarshiu Award 

Charles W. Gemmill, George M. Haverstock. 

SUMMARY 

Seniors 27 

Juniors 43 

Sophomores 47 

Freshmen 100 

Special students in the College 19 

Total in the College 236 

Academy 31 

Conservatory 135 

Department of Oratory 21 

Department of Art 27 

Total in all departments 450 

Names repeated in Music, Oratory and Art Departments 66 

Total enrollment 384 



NDEX 



Academy 53 

Admission 55 

Courses 59 

Examinations 55 

Expenses 57 

Faculty 54 

Students in 82 

Advisers 15 

Agriculture 46 

Art Department 75 

Astronomy 41 

Bible 38 

Biology 42 

Board of Trustees 4 

Buildings and Grounds 11 

Calendar 3 

Carnegie Library 11 

Chemistry 44 

College Organizations 13 

Corporation 5 

Courses, College 

Outline of 31 

Description of •. 35 

Degrees Conferred 87 

Degrees and Diplomas 16 

Discipline 15 

Economics' 42 

Education 35 

English Language and Literature 39 

Expenses, College 18 

Academy 57 

Department of Music 73 

Department of Art 75 

Faculty, College 6 

Academy 54 

Department of Music 65 

French Language and Literature 37 



90 BULLETIN 

General Information 11 

German Language and Literature 38 

Graduate Work 17 

Greek Language and Literature 37 

Geology 46 

History 41 

History of the College 8 

Laboratories 11 

Latin Language and Literature 36 

Mathematics 40 

Music Department 65 

Courses 71 

Oratory and Public Speaking 48 

Philosophy 35 

Physics 47 

Physical Culture 47 

Political Science 41 

Religious Work 13 

Register of Students, College 76 

Academy 82 

Department of Music 83 

Department of Art 87 

Requirements for Admission, College 21 

Academy 55 

Scholarships 17 

Sociology 42