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Full text of "Lebanon Valley College Catalog"

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I 



BULLETIN 

of 

Lebanon V alley College 



Vol, 5 January, 1917 No. 2 



Fiftieth Annual Catalog 
Number 



PUBLISHED BY 

LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

ANNVILLE, PA. 
In November, January, April and May 



!lllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllilllll7 

Entered as second-class matter December 12, 1913, at the Postofflce at Annvllle, Pa. 
under the Act of August 24, 1912. 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2011 with funding from 

LYRASIS Members and Sloan Foundation 



http://www.archive.org/details/lebanonvalley191617leba 



BULLETIN 

of 

Lebanon V alley College 

Vol. 5 January, 1917 No. 2 



Fiftieth Annual Catalog 
J\.umher 



PUBLISHED BY 

LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

ANNVILLE, PA. 

In November, January, April and May 



ioit 



JANUARY 



FEBRUARY 



MARCH 



APRIL 



MAY 



JUNE 



8 M T W T 



JULY 



AUGUST 



SEPTEMBER 



OCTOBER 



NOVEMBER 



DECEMBER 



1918 



JANUARY 



FEBRUARY 



MARCH 



M T W T 



APRIL 



MAY 



JUNE 



JULY 



AUGUST 



8 M T W T 



SEPTEMBER 



OCTOBER 



NOVEMBER 



DECEMBER 



l 2 
8 9 
15 16 
22 23 
2930 



23 24 
3031 



COLLEGE CALENDAR 



1916 — 1917 



Sept. 18-19 
September 20 
November 24 
November 28 
December 4 
December 20 
January 3 
Jan. 29-Feb. 2 
April 4 
April 11 
April 13 
May 4 



June 4-8 
June 10 



June 11 

June 12 
June 13 



Monday-Tuesday 

Wednesday 9:00 a. m 

Friday 

Tuesday 

Monday 9:00 a. m. 

Wednesday 4 :00 p. m 

Wednesday 9 :00 a. m 

Monday to Friday 

Wednesday 4:00 p.m. 

Wednesday 9 :00 a.m. 

Friday 

Friday 



Monday to Friday 

Sunday 10 :30 a. m. 

7:30 p.m. 



Monday 
Monday 



11:00 a.m. 
7:45 p. m. 



Tuesday 7:00 p.m. 
Tuesday 2:00 p.m. 
Wednesday 10 :00 a. m 



Examination and registration of students. 

,College year began. 

Clionian Literary Society Anniversary. 

Thanksgiving recess began. 

Thanksgiving recess ended. 

Christmas recess began. 

Christmas recess ended. 

Mid-year examinations. 

Easter recess begins. 

Easter recess ends. 

Anniversary Kalozetean Literary Society 

Anniversary Philokosmian Literary So- 
ciety. 

Senior final examinations. 

Final examinations. 

Baccalaureate sermon. 

Annual address before Christian Asso- 
ciation. 

Annual meeting of Board of Trustees. 

Exercises by the graduating classes in 
Music and Oratory. 

Alumni Banquet. 

Class Day exercises. 

.Fifty-first annual Commencement. 



1917 — 1918 



Sept. 17-18 
September 19 
November 23 
November 29 
December 19 
January 2 
Jan. 28-Feb. 1 
March 27 
April 8 
June 9 
June 12 



Monday-Tuesday 
Wednesday 9:00 a.m. 
Friday 
Thursday 

Wednesday 4 :00 p.m 
Wednesday 1 :00 p.m 
Monday-Friday 
Wednesday 4 :00 p. m 
Monday 1 :00 p. m. 
Sunday 10:30 a. m. 
Wednesday 10 :00 a. m 



Examination and registration of students. 

College year begins. 

Anniversary Clionian Literary Society. 

Thanksgiving Day. 

Christmas recess begins. 

Christmas recess ends. 

Mid-year examinations. 

.Easter recess begins. 

Easter recess ends. 

Baccalaureate sermon. 

Fifty-second annual Commencement. 



THE CORPORATION 
BOARD OF 

Representatives from the 
Rev. A. A. Long, D.D. 
Rev. A. B. Statton, D.D. 
W. O. Appenzellar 
Rev. L. Walter Lutz, D.D. 
Hon. W. N. McFaul 
John H. Stansbury 
Rev. Wm. H. Washinger, A.M., D 
Rev. J. E. Kleffman, D.D. 
Rev. J. F. Snyder 
Rev. S. G. Ziegler, A.B., B.D. 
Rev. C. F. Flook 

Representatives from the East 
Rev. R. R. Butterwick, A. M., D.D 
Rev. E. O. Burtner, A.M., D.D 
Isaiah Buffington 
G. F. Breinig 

I. Moyer Hershey, A.M., B.D. 
Hon. Aaron S. Kreider 
Rev. S. E. Rupp, A.M., D.D. 
Rev. J. A. Lyter, A.M., D.D. 
Rev. S. F. Daugherty, A. M., D.D. 
J. Raymond Engle, A.B., LL.B. 
Rev. C. E. Mutch 
Rev. H. E. Miller, A. M., D. D. 

Representatives from the Virginia Conference 

Rev. A. S. Hammack, D.D. Dayton, Va. 1919 

Rev. W. F. Gruver, D.D. Martinsburg, W. Va. 1919 

W. S. Secrist Keyser, W. Va. 1917 

Prof. J. N. Fries, A.M. Berkeley Spgs., W. Va., '17 

Rev. A. P. Funkhouser. D.D Harrisonburg, Va. 1918 

Elmer Hodges Winchester, Va. 1918 

Trustees at Large 

Mountville, Pa. 

31 Miami Av., Columbus, O. 

Dawson, Pa. 

Lancaster, Pa. 



TRUSTEES 




Pennsylvania Conference 




York 


1919 


Hagerstown, Md. 


1919 


Chambersbburg 


1919 


Chambersbburg 


1919 


Baltimore, Md. 


1917 


Green Mount, Md. 


1917 


.D. Chambersburg 


1917 


Baltimore, Md. 


1918 


Boiling Springs 


1918 


Baltimore, Md. 


1918 


Myersville, Md. 


1918 


st Pennsylvania Conference 


Mountville 


1919 


Palmyra 


1919 


Elizabethville 


1917 


Allentown 


1917 


Myerstown 


1917 


Annville 


1918 


Harrisburg 


1918 


Harrisburg 


1918 


Annville 


1918 


Palmyra 


1918 


Schuylkill Haven 


1918 


Lebanon 


1919 



H. S. Immel 
Warren A. Thomas 
A. J. Cochran 
Jack Straub 

Alumni Trustees 

Rev. F. B. Plummer, A.B., '05 Steelton, Pa. 1916 

H. H. Hoy, A.B., '99 Millersburg, Pa. 1917 

Prof. H. H. Baish, A.M., '01 Altoona, Pa. 1918 



OFFICERS AND COMMITTEES OF THE BOARD 

Officers 

President ------- Hon. A. S. Kreider 

Vice President ------ Rev. L. Walter Lutz 

Secretary and Treasurer --.'-- Rev. W. H. Weaver 

Executive Committee 

Hon. A. S. Kreider W. H. Washinger 

J. R. Engle A. A. Long 

A. S. Hammack 

Finance Committee 
G. F. Breinig H. H. Baish 

Jack Straub W. O. Appenzellar 

W. F. Gruver 

Library and Apparatus Committee 
D. M. Oyer S. F. Daugherty 

J. E. Lehman J. N. Fries 

Faculty Committee 
A. B. Statton J. A. Lyter 

G. D. Gossard A. P. Funkhouser 

Auditing Committee 
J. R. Engle L. Walter Lutz 

W. F. Gruver 

Grounds and Buiidings 
A. K. Wier C. F. Flook 

W. N. McFaul W. F. Gruver 

Endozvment Fund Committee 
Hon. A. S. Kreider W. H. Washinger 

A. A. Long H. H. Baish 

S. F. Daugherty 

Farm Committee 
Hon. A. S. Kreider W. H. Washingei 

Elmer Hodges 

Publicity Committee 
A. E. Shroyer H. H. Shenk 

J. E. Kleffman L. Walter Lutz 

S. F. Zeigler 



FACULTY 



GEORGE DANIEL GOSSARD, B.D., D.D. 
President 

JOHN EVANS LEHMAN, A.M., Sc.D. 
Professor of Mathematics and Astronomy 

JAMES T. SPANGLER, A.M., D.D. 
Professor of Philosophy and History 

SAMUEL HOFFMAN DERICKSON, M.S. 
Professor of Biological Sciences 

ALVIN E. SHROYER, B.D. 
Secretary of the Faculty and Professor of Greek and Bible 

HENRY E. WANNER, B.S. 
Registrar mid Professor of Chemistry 

LUCY S. SELTZER, A.M. 
Professor of German 

ROBERT MacD. KIRKLAND, A. M. 

Josephine Bittinger Eberly Professor of Latin Language 

and Literature, and Professor of French 

Librarian 

SAMUEL O. GRIMM, B.Pd., A.M. 
Professor of Education and Physics 

EDNA SEAMAN, A.M. 
Professor of English 

CHRISTIAN R. GINGRICH, A.B., LL.B. 

Professor of Economics and Political Science 

CHARLES H. ARNDT, A.M. 
Acting Professor of Biology 

MAY BELLE ADAMS 
Professor of Oratory and Public Speaking 

ROY J. GUYER, A.B., B.P.E. 
Physical Director 



FACULTY 



EMMA R. SCHMAUK, A.B. 
Instructor in French 

F. L. STINE, A.B. 
Instructor in English and Mathematics 



ASSISTANTS 

REUBEN W. WILLIAMS 
Assistant in Zoology 

NETTIE MAY SHOWERS 
Assistant in Biology 

CHARLES W. GEMMILL 
Assistant in Physical Laboratory 

JOSEPH J. DONOHUE 
Assistant in Chemical Laboratory 



SAMUEL F. DAUGHERTY, B.D., D.D. 
College Pastor 

MRS. VIOLETTE NISSLEY FREED 
Matron 

ANNA GARMAN 
Stenographer 



HISTORY OF THE COLLEGE 

Lebanon Valley College originated in the action of the East Penn- 
sylvania Conference of the United Brethren Church at its annual ses- 
sion held at Lebanon in March, 186S. Resolutions were passed decid- 
ing the question of establishing a higher institution of learning to be 
located within the bounds of the East Pennsylvania or of the Penn- 
sylvania Conference. One year later the committee appointed recom- 
mended in its report : First, the establishment of a school of high 
grade under the supervision of the Church ; second, to accept for this 
purpose the grounds and buildings of what was then known as the 
Annville Academy, tendered as a gift to the Conference; and, third, 
to lease the buildings and grounds to a responsible party competent 
to take charge of the school for the coming year. School opened 
May 7, 1866, with forty-nine students. By the close of the collegiate 
year one hundred and fifty-one were enrolled, thus demonstrating 
at once the need of such an institution in this locality and the wisdom 
of the founders. 

In April, 1867, the Legislature granted a charter with full university 
privileges under which a College Faculty was organized with Rev. 
Thomas Rees Vickroy, Ph.D., as president, and Prof. E. Benjamin 
Bierman, A.M., as principal of the Normal Department. The same 
year the Philokosmian Literary Society was organized by the young 
men, additional land was purchased, and a large brick building erected 
thereon with chapel, recitation rooms, president's office, and apart- 
ments for sixty boarding students. The building was not furnished 
and fully occupied till the fall of 1868. 

The first regular commencement occurred June 16, 1870. About 
two years later opposition to the school manifested itself and Presi- 
dent Vickroy stated in his report to the annual conference that the 
attendance of students was reduced from one hundred to seventy- 
five, the cause of this diminution being persistent opposition on the 
part of certain brethren. 

President Vickroy directed the affairs of the institution for five 
years, from 1866 to 1871. During his administration the charter was 
prepared and granted by the State Legislature, the laws and regula- 
tions for the internal workings framed and adopted, the curriculum 
established, and two classes — those of 1870 and 1871 — were graduated. 
In June, 1871, Professor Lucian H. Hammond was elected president. 
During his term of office five classes were graduated, the Clionian 
Literary Society organized by the ladies, and the College made steady 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 9 

and substantial progress, but failing health compelled him to resign in 
June, 1876. 

Rev. David D. DeLong, D.D ., became the third president. He found 
it necesary to reconstruct the Faculty and retain but two of the former 
teachers. The Kalozetean Literary Society was instituted to awaken 
interest in literary work among the young men by means of a healthy 
rivalry, and the music department was organized. In the summer of 
1883 a large, two-story, frame building was erected on College Avenue, 
containing art room, music rooms, the department of natural science, a 
museum and the College library. During his presidency one hundre 1 
and seven students were graduated, fourteen in music and ninety-three 
in the literary department. 

After an interregnum of several months Rev. Edmund S. Lorenz, 
A. M., was elected president and took up the work with energy and 
ability. Enlargement was his motto and the friends of the College 
rallied to his support. Post graduate studies were offered. The Col- 
lege Forum made its appearance under the editorship of the Faculty. 
With a devotion that won the admiration of his friends he labored in- 
cesantly for nearly two years to make the College the peer of any in 
the State, but under this strain his health failed and he was obliged 
to retire at the close of the collegiate year of 1889. 

The fifth president. Rev. Cyrus J. Kephart, D.D., assumed the duties 
of his office at the opening of the fall term in 1889. He secured 
creditable additions to the endowment fund, but because of discour- 
aging conditions declined re-election at the close of the first year. 

The question of re-locating the College agitated its constituency, 
divided its friends, and greatly hindered its progress. Some were al- 
most in despair, others were indifferent, while others hoped and wait- 
ed for the best. Under these conditions the Board of Trustees met 
in special session July 28, 1890, and called Dr. E. Benjamin Bierman to 
the presidency. He was inaugurated on the evening of the sixth of 
November following. Buildings were renovated, a large number of 
students enrolled and the Mary A. Dodge Fund of ten thousand dol- 
lars received, "the interest of which only is to be loaned without 
charge to such pious young people as the Faculty of the College may 
deem worthy of help as students." The Silver Anniversary of the 
College was celebrated June 15, 1892, when money was raised to pur- 
chase about three acres of ground to be added to the college campus. 
With the experience of twenty-five years of earnest effort to combat 
opposition and overcome errors and misconceived notions of higher 
education, and to build up an institution of learning creditable to the 
United Brethren Church, the friends of the College entered upon the 
second quarter of a century with new hope and aspiration. 

President Bierman served successfully until the spring of 1897, when 



1(1 



he was succeeded by Rev. Ilervin U. Roup, Ph.D., who held the office 
till January 1, 1906, after which time the administration was in the 
hands of the Executive Committee and the Faculty until the election 
of Rev. A. P. Funkhouser, A.M., March 9, 1906. 

The presidency of Doctor Roop stands out as the period when the 
group system in the College curriculum was introduced, when the ath- 
letic field was acquired, when the disastrous fire of December 24, 1904, 
occurred, sweeping away the Administration Building in a few hours, 
and when several new buildings arose on the campus — Rngle Music 
Hall 1899, and the Carnegie Library and Women's Dormitory in 1904. 
The recuperative powers of the institution were put to the test by the 
destruction of the main building. At a meeting held January 5, 1905, 
the friends of the College, resolved, amid unusual enthusiasm, to re- 
build at once, and with the stimulus of a gift of fifty thousand dol- 
lars from Andrew Carnegie, received by the President, who had pre- 
viously secured twenty thousand dollars from the same source, plans 
were matured by which to raise one hundred thousand dollars for this 
purpose. The erection of three new buildings was projected — the 
Men's Dormitory, the Central Heating Plant, and the new Adminis- 
tration Building, the latter being completed under the supervision of 
President Funkhouser, whose term of office is marked also by a stren- 
uous effort to meet the debt which rose to almost or altogether ninety 
thousand dollars. Bonds were issued to the amount of fifty thousand 
dollars and the co-operative college circles organized to relieve the 
financial conditions. 

Rev. Lawrence Keistcr, S.T.B., D.D., was elected president of the 
College, June 10, 1907, at the annual session of the Board of Trustees. 
He solicited $7,700 for the equipment of the Science Department, se- 
cured the Mills Scholarship of one thousand dollars, and the Immel 
Scholarship of two thousand dollars. The debt effort authorized by 
the Hoard, June 3, 1908, was carried forward succesfully, $50,000 hav- 
ing been pledged before January 1, 190°, according to the condition of 
the pledge which also required the continuation of the canvas to secure 
another fifty thousand dollars in order to cover the entire debt. At the 
death of Rev. Daniel Fberly, D.D., July 9, 1910, whose will bears date 
of September 17, 1909, the College came into possession of property 
valued at about forty-five thousand dollars, the major portion being 
given for the endowment of the Latin Chair. 

In June, 1912, President Keister presented his resignation to the 
Board of Trustees and in September the Rev. Dr. George D. Gossard, 
of Baltimore, Maryland, was elected president. He at once entered 
upon the duties of his office, to which he brings conscientious devo- 
tion and intelligent enthusiasm. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 11 



GENERAL INFORMATION 

The College is situated in Annville, a progressive and cultured town 
twenty-one miles east of Harrisburg in the beautiful, healthful, and 
fertile Lebanon Valley. 

BUILDINGS AND GROUNDS 

There are seven buildings on the campus, the Carnegie Library, the 
Engle Music Hall, the Women's Dormitory, the Men's Dormitory, 
South Hall, the Administration Building, and the Heating Plant. 

THE CARNEGIE LIBRARY, a building of the Gothic style of 
architecture, erected in 1904, furnishes commodious quarters for the 
growing library of the College. 

Two large reading rooms on the first floor, splendidly lighted and 
ventilated, and beautifully furnished, are provided with the leading 
magazines and daily papers. Periodicals devoted to the special work 
of each department are here, as well as magazines of general litera- 
ture. On the second floor are six seminar rooms designed to be 
equipped with the special works of reference for the various depart- 
ments, where students doing the most serious work may study un- 
disturbed. 

THE ENGLE MUSIC HALL, of Hummelstown brownstone, erect- 
ed in 1899, contains the college chapel, used for all large college gath- 
erings, a directors' office and studio, practice rooms, and a large so- 
ciety hall. The building is well equipped with pianos and a large 
pipe organ. 

THE WOMEN'S DORMITORY was erected in 1905, and is a 
building of beautiful proportions. In addition to rooms which will 
accommodate forty-five students, there are a society hall, a dining 
hall, a well-equipped kitchen, and laundry. 

THE MEN'S DORMITORY is a modern structure of brick with 
Indiana limestone trimmings. It contains single and double rooms 
and sixteen suites of two bed-rooms with a separate study-room. 
These afford accommodations for more than a hundred students. This 
building was also erected in 1905. 

SOUTH HALL, the original building of the institution, and ac- 
quired by gift in 1866, when the College was founded, has been re- 
modelled and is now used as a women's dormitory. 

THE HEATING PLANT, erected in 1905, contains a low pressure 
heating system of the most perfect construction, and supplies the heat 
for all the buildings on the campus. It is constructed with a view to 
the installation of a lighting plant. 



12 BULLETIN 

THE ADMINISTRATION BUILDING is the most important and 
central of the buildings. It is built of buff brick with terra cotta trim- 
mings, three stories high. It contains the recitation rooms of the Col- 
lege and the laboratories of the science departments. The department 
of art has here commodious and modern quarters. The administra- 
tion offices of fireproof construction are on the first floor. 

The Alumni Gymnasium occupies the ground floor. Here are pro- 
vided over seven thousand square feet of floor space for the use of 
the department of physical culture and the promotion of athletic ac- 
tivities. The gymnasium has, in addition to the gymnasium floor, 
separate locker rooms for the teams, for the men, and for the girls, an 
apparatus room, and the usual shower baths. 

The campus, of twelve acres, occupies a high point in the center of 
the town of Annville and is within easy access of all trolley and rail- 
road lines. 

The athletic field of five and one-half acres is well located and ad- 
mirably adapted to the purpose for which it is intended. 

LABORATORIES 

The entire northern half of the Administration Building is occupied 
by the Departments of Science. The Department of Chemistry oc- 
cupies the first floor. Physics the second, and Biology the third. 

The laboratories of each department are constructed after the most 
approved modern methods, and students find everything arranged for 
their convenience. Stock rooms and special laboratories adjoin the 
general laboratories. The lecture rooms are provided with risers and 
Columbia tablet chairs. 

RELIGIOUS WORK 

The College has always tried to furnish religious training, and en- 
courages all wholesome means of promoting Christian influence. Each 
morning a regular service is held in the college chapel, at which the 
students are required to be present. 

A students' prayer-meeting is held once a week, and opportunities 
for Bible study and mission study are offered by the Christian Asso- 
ciations in addition to those afforded by the regular curriculum. 

All resident students of the College are expected to attend public 
worship in churches of their choice every Sunday. 

COLLEGE ORGANIZATIONS 

Christian The College has flourishing Young Men's and Young 

Associations Women's Christian Associations, which hold regular 
weekly devotional services and conduct special 
courses of Bible and mission study. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 13 

Under these auspices numerous public lectures, entertainments, and 
socials are held, so that they contribute incalculably to the pleasure 
of the student body. They are the center of the spiritual welfare of 
the students and deserve the hearty support of all connected with the 
College. 

Literary Excellent opportunities for literary improvement and 
Societies parliamentary training are afforded by the societies of 
the College. There are three of these societies — Philo- 
kosmian, Kalozetean, and Clionian, the latter sustained by the young 
ladies. They meet every Friday evening in their well-furnished halls 
for literary exercises. These societies are considered valuable agen- 
cies in college work, and students are adivsed to unite with one of 
them. 

Athletic The Athletic Association is composed of all the stu- 

Association dents of the College. It elects its own officers and the 
managers of the various athletic teams. The direct 
supervision of all athletics is in the hands of the Physical Director and 
the College Administration Office. The treasurer of the College is 
the treasurer of the Association. 

The Mathematical The Mathematical Round Table is an organization 
Round Table of the students of the College who are interested 
in mathematical studies. Its object is to create 
interest in and love for the "exact science." Its meetings are held on 
the last Wednesday evening of each month. Papers on mathematical 
history and biography are read and discussed. Current events in the 
mathematical world and papers on various mathematical subjects have 
made the meetings very interesting and helpful. 

Deutscher The German Club has been organized by the students 

Verein of the College who are especially interested in the 
study of the German language. Its meetings are held 
the third Wednesday of every month. Papers familiarizing the stu- 
dents with Germany, its life, customs, and literature are read. The 
meetings are conducted entirely in German. As a means of increasing 
conversational powers, German games are introduced as an important 
part of the program. 

College A College band has been organized among the students 

Band of the college. Any student with sufficient musical 
ability may become a member of this organization. 



14 



LITERARY AND MUSICAL ADVANTAGES 

During the college year, the student body has the privilege of hear- 
ing lectures and talks delivered by men of note in church and literary 
circles. 

The department of music together with the department of public 
speaking presents a number of programs during the year. Concerts 
and recitals by prominent musicians are given under the patronage 
of the Department of Music with the aim of creating in the stu- 
dent an appreciation for the best in art. 

There is a lively interest in the drama. Various college organiza- 
tions have presented Shakespearean and other plays of a high grade. 

A further means of enjoyment and education is the course of lec- 
tures and concerts under the management of the Christian Associations 
of the College. 

ADMINISTRATION 
Advisers The following are the advisers for the students in each of 
the four groups in which courses of instruction are offered : 
For the Classical group, Professor Shroyer; for the Science group, 
Professor Derickson ; for the Historical-Political, Professor Gingrich; 
for the Modern Language, Professor Seaman; Professor Spangler is 
adviser to all Freshmen. The adviser's approval is necessary before 
a student may register for or enter upon any course of study, or dis- 
continue any work. He is the medium of communication between 
the Faculty and the students of his groupp, and in a general way 
stands to his sudents in the relation of a friendly counselor. 

Discipline The laws of the College are as few and simple as the 
proper regulation of a community of young men and 
women will permit. The government of the dormitories is under the 
immediate control of the student councils, committees of students, 
authorized by the College authorities. 

Classification Every student residing in the dormitory must take at 
least fifteen hours of work as catalogued. Any stu- 
dent failing to pass eight (8) hours of work at the close of each 
semester will be required to withdraw from the institution. 

The maximum number of hours, conditioned, permitted for senior 
standing is four; for junior standing, six; for sophomore standing, 
seven ; for freshman standing, six. 

The permitted number of extra hours of work above that pre- 
scribed by the curriculum is limited by the student's previous record, 
as follows : 

(a) Majority of A's — four hours. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 15 

(b) Majority of B's — two hours. 

(c) Lower record than majority of B's — no extra hours. 

No student will be given credit for more than twenty-two (22) 
hours in any twelve months. 

Credits for work done in other mstitutions for which advanced 
standing is desired must be submitted to the committee on College 
Credits and a copy filed with the Registrar. 

Class Standing Reports of standing will be made to parent or guard- 
ian at the end of each term when desired by them, 
or when the Faculty deems it expedient. The standing is indicated 
generally by classification in six groups, as follows : 

A signifies that the record of the student is distinguished. 

B signifies that the record of the student is very good. 

C signifies that the record is good. 

D signifies the lowest sustained record. 

E (conditioned) imposes a condition on the student. 

Failing to make up a condition at an appointed time is equal to a 
record of F. 

F (failed completely) signifies that the student must drop or re- 
peat the subject, and cannot be admitted to subjects dependent thereon. 

If the student's record as a whole is poor, he may be required to 
repeat certain subjects, to repeat the year's work, or to withdraw. 

Admission Students wishing to enter Lebanon Valley College 
must present credits from high schools, normal schools 
and academies at the time of matriculation. Blanks for such credits 
may be had on application to the Registrar. 

Registration The registration days are as follows : September 17, 
18 and 19, and Thursday, January 31, and Friday, Feb- 
ruary 1, preceding the opening of the second semester. Students reg- 
istering later than the days specified will be chargd a fee of one dol- 
lar. 

Registration is not complete until the Registrar has affixed his 
signature to the matriculation card and a copy of same has been filed 
with the Registrar. 

Absences A student may be absent from class, without excuse, 

during a semester, the number of times the class meets 
each week. Should he be absent once beyond double the number of 
times the class meets each week, he will be required to take a special 
examination, for which a fee of one dollar will be charged. Such ex- 



16 



animation must be taken within a week of the excess absence ; other- 
wise the student will lose his class standing. Absences immediately 
preceding or following vacations will be counted double cuts. 

Chapel All students are required to attend the morning chapel 

service. Failure to attend will be ground for action 
by the Faculty upon recommendation of the Committee on Chapel At- 
tendance. 

Limitation Students are limited to two of the following college 
activities : Quittapahilla, Glee Club and Plays, Foot 
Ball, Basket Ball and Base Ball. 

No games between college organizations may be engaged in, dur- 
ing study hours, except by permission of the Faculty. 

Degree and The degree of Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science 

Diploma is conferred, by a vote of the Board of Trustees on 

recommendation of the Faculty, upon students who have 

satisfactorily completed sixty-nine hours of work in any of the groups. 

Graduate Since all its members are fully occupied with under- 

Work graduate work, the Faculty deems it unwise to offer any 
work for the degree of Master of Arts during the com- 
ing year. In rare cases sufficient resident work upon certain advanced 
courses may be outlined. But as special action would be required in 
each case, no detailed announcement can be made here. All inquiries 
about graduate work should be address to the President. 

SCHOLARSHIPS AND LOANS 

The College offers a limited number of one hundred and forty dol- 
lar free tuition scholarships to honor graduates of State Normal 
Schools and approved High Schools and Academies. One scholarship 
is allotted to the first honor graduate of our own Academy. 

The College also offers a one hundred and forty dollar scholarship 
to a literary graduate of Shenandoah Collegiate Institute, Dayton, Va. 
The recipient of that scholarship will be determined by the Faculty of 
this institution. 

Graduates of High Schools and Academies whose standard is not 
equal to that of our own Academy, may enter the senior year of the 
Academy and become competitors for our own Academy scholarship. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 17 

Honor graduates of preparatory schools who have conditions may 
be allowed to make them up in the freshman year. If the first se- 
mester's work shows a majority of A's and nothing less than B in all 
work including conditions, a scholarship may be awarded. 

The Bishop J. S. Mills Scholarship Fund 

This fund, established by a gift of $1,000, is available. 

The H. S. Immel Scholarship Fund 

This fund, established by a gift of $2,000, is available "for young 
men in college who are preparing for the ministry in the Church of 
the United Brethren in Christ." 

The Eliza Bittinger Eberly Fund 

This fund consists of the income of a farm located near East 
Berlin, Adams County, Pa. 

The Daniel Eberly Fund 

This fund is available and is to be loaned to worthy students seek- 
ing an education in college. 

The Rev. H. C. Phillips Scholarship Fund 

This fund established by a gift of $1,300 in memory of Rev. H. C. 
Phillips, given by his wife and daughter is available for young men 
preparing for the ministry. 

The Mary A. Dodge Fund 

The income from this fund is loaned to worthy students. 

The Charles B. Rettew Scholarship 

This scholarship in Bonebrake Theological Seminary is limited to 
students from the East Pennsylvania Conference and Lebanon Valley 
College. 

The Dr. Henry B. Stehman Fund 

This fund has been provided by Dr. Henry B. Stehman to help 
needy ministerial students. 

The Executive Committee shall make scholarship awards. 

The S. F. Engle Scholarship Fund 

Mrs. Agnes B. Engle of Palmyra, Pa., gave to the College $1,300, 
in memory of her husband, to be known as the S. F. Engle Scholar- 
ship Fund. 



18 



EXPENSES 

Matriculation $12.00 

Tuition, (College 70.00 

Tuition, (Academy) 50.00 

Matriculation 

The Matriculation fee in both the College and Academy is $12.00. 
This fee is not subject to refund, nor is there any rebate allowed to 
College and Academy students. 

Special students who take less than half work in the regularly 
appointed classes, or any student who takes work outside of regular 
recitation periods either in the College or Academy, is required to pay 
matriculation according to the number of studies taken. 

Oratory and Art students who are not matriculated in the College 
are required to pay an enrollment fee of one dollar each. 

Matriculation for Music ranges from one dollar to eight dollars. 
No additional fee is required for music from students who have matric- 
ulated full for College or Academy. 

Tuition 

For twenty hours or less in the College the annual tuition is $70.00. 
$2.06 per semester is charged for each additional hour of work taken 
in regular classes, or for each hour for which credit is allowed, of 
semester work taken outside of regular college recitation periods. 
Credit can be allowed only when the work has been taken under in- 
structors approved by the Executive Committee. 

The tuition in the Academy is $50.00 for twenty-four or less, hours 
of work taken; for each additional hour per semester, $1.25. For all 
credit allowed for work taken outside of regular recitation periods, 
$1.25 per semester hour will be charged. 

Ministers' children in the college and academy departments are 
entitled to a rebate on full tuition of $32.50 and $25.00 respectively. 
Scholarships do not cover the tuition for extra work taken. 

Laboratory Fees 

To cover the cost of materials used in the Laboratories, the fol- 
lowing fees are charged: 

First Second 

Semester Semester 

Biology 1 3.00 3.00 

Biology 2 6.00 6.00 

Biology 3 6.00 6.00 

Biology 4 6.00 6.00 

Biology 5 6.00 6.00 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 19 

Chemistry 1 7.00 7.00 

Chemistry 2 7.00 7.00 

Chemistry 3 7.00 7.00 

Chemistry 4 6.00 6.00 

Chemistry 5 10.00 10.00 

Physics 1 5.00 5.00 

Physics 2 and 3 3.50 3.50 

All breakage will be charged against the student in each depart- 
ment. There will be no refund of laboratory fees. If chemicals and 
laboratory supplies continue to advance in price there will be a cor- 
responding increase in the laboratory fees. 

Boarding 

The Domestic Department is in charge of a skilled and competent 
chef. Plain, substantial and palatable food especially adapted to the 
needs of the student is provided. The kitchen is furnished with the 
most modern equipment and all the food is prepared in the most 
sanitary and satisfactory manner. 

The boarding rate for the school year 1917-18 is $155.00. Day stu- 
dents may obtain meal tickets at the rate of ten meals for $3.50, if paid 
in advance, and all extra meals taken by five-day students or meals 
taken by friends of students at 35 cents each. A rebate of forty dol- 
lars is allowed for five-day students. These rates do not include 
Thanksgiving, Christmas and Easter vacations. 

If foodstuffs continue to advance in cost, there will be a corres- 
ponding increase in boarding rates. 

All students who do not room and board at their homes are re- 
quired to room and board in the college unless special permission be 
obtained from the Executive Committee to do otherwise. 

Room Rent 

Room-rent varies from $15.00 to $60.00 except when double rooms 
are assigned to only one student, then the occupant will pay the regu- 
lar rent for two. For Heat and Light $6.00 to $9.00 will be charged. 
A deposit fee of $5.00 is required when a room is reserved. This fee 
will be deducted from the second half year's payment. 

When five or more day students occupy one room, then the rate 
to each occupant is $22.50 and must be paid at the opening of the 
school year, and there will be no refund. 

One light fixture is installed permanently in every dormitory room. 
For every additional light temporarily installed, there will be an extra 
charge of $3.00 to the occupants of the room. Only 40 watt lamps 
are allowed. One lamp is furnished free at the opening of school. 



20 



A breakage fee of $5.00 will be charged each student in the Men's 
Dormitories. Occupants of a room are held responsible for all 
breakage and loss of furniture or any loss whatsoever for which 
the student is responsible. 

In the Men's Dormitories rooms will be furnished with a bed, 
chairs and table. Students must furnish their own mattresses, car- 
pets, towels, napkins, soap and all other necessary furnishings. Stu- 
dents may buy mattresses at cost from the College. 

Contingent Fund 

All College students are required to pay a contingent fee of $20.00 
and Academy students $10.00. This is to help cover the high cost of 
coal, equipment and the greatly increased general expenses. 

Estimated Expenses 

The maximum expense for a full course in L. V. C. for one year, 
exclusive of laboratory fees, books and personal expenses, is $331 for 
men and $326 for women. The minimum expense for men is $281, 
for women $276.00. 

A rebate of $26.00 will be allowed to students receiving no other 
aid when the entire amount is paid at the opening of school. The 
min'mum therefore for cash will be $255.00 for men and $250.00 for 
women. 

A rebate of $5.00 will be allowed to day students when the full 
tuition is paid at the opening of school. 

Graduation Fee 

Sixty days prior to Commencement, candidates for degrees are 
required to pay the following fees : 

Students graduating in the College 12.00; in Music $10.00; in the 
Academy $5.00; those receiving certificates in Oratory, Art or Music, 
$5.00 each. 

REGULATIONS 

Matriculation fee must be paid at the time of enrollment. 

Laboratory fees must be paid at the beginning of each Semester. 

The regular College or Academy expenses which include Tuition, 
Room Rent and Boarding are divided into four installments ; one-fifth 
is due Sept. 20th, one-fifth, Nov. 1st, three-tenth, Jan. 3d, and three- 
tenth March 25th. 

When a student leaves school or the boarding hall for any other 
reason than sickness, he shall pay in full the bill as rendered for the 
semester, without any rebate or refund, except when ordered other- 
wise by the Executive Committee of the College. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 21 

Satisfactory settlement for all bills and fees is required before 
an honorable dismissal can be granted and before grades are recorded 
or given to the student. 

Students who are candidates for Diplomas or Certificates must 
make full settlement entirely satisfactory to the Executive Committee 
before diplomas or certificates will be sealed and delivered. 

Five per cent, will be added to all bills when payment is deferred 
more than thirty days after the bills are due and 10 per cent, after 
more than sixty days. Students who do not pay their bills will be 
dropped from the student list. 

ABSENCE AND SICKNESS 

When students retain their class standing during absence from 
school because of sickness or for any other reasons, no rebate or 
refund will be allowed on tuition. 

In case of sickness which occasions loss of class standing, a rea- 
sonable rebate or refund will be allowed on tuition. 

When a student is absent from school more than two weeks in 
succession because of sickness, and retains his room during the time 
of absence, then a rebate of $4.00 per week will be allowed for all 
absence exceeding the two weeks. Reductions cannot be allowed for 
athletic, Glee Club or banquet trips. 

AID TO STUDENTS 

Help is extended annually to a limited number of students, but 
only to those pursuing full courses in the College or in the Academy. 
This help is given in the form of Merit Scholarships, Ministerial 
Scholarships, Waiterships, Janitorships, Tutorships or Library work. 
All of this help is extended or given only upon the condition that the 
recipient proves loyal to the school and complies with all the rules 
and regulations of the College. 

A student forfeits the privilege of a scholarship or other help 
from the school when his average grade falls below passing standards 
or when in any way he refuses to co-operate with the college, or 
when he disregards the regulations of the institutions. 

Students rooming in Dormitories and boarding at the College 
Dining Hall will be given preference when work of various kinds is 
assigned. 



Outline of Requirements for Admission 
to Groupp leading to the Bachelor of Arts Degree 

The following is an outline of the requirements for admission lo the 
Freshman class of Lebanon Valley College. A detailed description of the 
courses indicated in this outline appears in the catalog of the College. An 
aggregate of fifteen units must be offered by the candidate for admission. Of 
these eleven and one-half units are required as specified and three and one- 
half units may be elected. 

A unit represents the work of a school year of no less than thirty-six 
weeks, with five periods of at least forty-five minutes each week, or four 
periods of one hour each per week. A unit therefore, is the equivalent of one 
hundred and eighty recitation periods of forty-five minutes each, or one 
hundred and forty-four periods of one hour each. 



Group I 


English 








Three units 


English 










required. 


GROUP II 


Elementary 


Algebra 


1 


unit 


Two and one- 


Mathematics 


Intermediate 


Algebra 


y 2 


unit 


half units re- 




Plane Geometry 


1 


unit 


quired, one of 




Solid Geometry 


% 


unit 


which must be 




Plane Trigonometry 


y 2 


unit 


Plane Geom. 


GROUP III 


Latin 




4 


units 


Five units re- 


Foreign 


German 




2 


units 


quired, three of 


Languages 


French 




2 


units 


which must be 




Greek 




2 


units 


Latin. 


GROUP IV 


Physical Geography 


~h or 1 


unit 


Physics required. 
Chemistry re- 


Physical 


Physics 




1 


unit 


quired only for 


Sciences 


Chemistry 




Vz or 1 


unit 


ing to take 
Science Group 


GROUP V 


Botany 




1 


unit 


Elective. 


Biological 


Zoology 




1 


unit 




Sciences 


Physiology 




1 


unit 




GROUP VI 


Greek and 


Roman 


1 


unit 


One unit 


History, Etc. 


Mediaeval an 


d Modern 


1 


unit 


required. 




English 




1 


unit 






Civics 




y 2 


unit 






Economics 




% 


unit 




GROUP VII 


Drawing 




% or 1 


unit 


One unit 




Domestic Science 


% 


unit 


only may 




Agriculture 




■A 


unit 


be elected. 




Bookkeeping 




% 


unit 






Commercial 


Law 


y 2 


unit 






Commerical 


Geography 


% 


unit 






Psychology 




y 2 


unit 






Methods of 


Teaching 


% 


unit 





In case the requirements of a given Group are not fully met by the fif- 
teen units elected, the studies necessary for such requirements must be taken 
in place of an elective in the regular college course. For example, if a student 
presents three units of Latin and two of German for admission to a Group re- 
quiring four units of Latin, he must include in his college course the equival- 
ent of the fourth unit of Latin. 



Outline of Requirements for Admission 
to Groups leading to the Bachelor of Science Degree 

The following is an outline of the requirements for admission to the 
Freshman class of Lebanon Valley College. A detailed description of the 
courses indicated in this outline appears in the catalog of the College. An 
aggregate of fourteen and one-half units must be offered by the candidate 
for admission. Of these twelve units are required as specified and two and 
one- half units may be elected. 

A unit represents the work of a school year of no less than thirty-six 
weeks, with five periods of at least forty-five minutes each per week, or four 
periods of one hour each per week. A unit therefore, is the equivalent of one 
hundred and eighty recitation periods of forty-five minutes each, or one 
hundred and forty-four periods of one hour each. 



GROUP I 


English 


3 


units 


Three units 


English 








required. 


GROUP II 


Elementary Algebra 


1 


unit 


Three units re- 


Mathematics 


Intermediate Algebra 


% 


unit 


quired, one-half 




Plane Geometry 


1 


unit 


unit of which 




Solid Geometry 


y 2 


unit 


must be Solid 




Plane Trigonometry 


y 2 


unit 


Geometry. 


GROUP III 


Latin 


4 units 


Two units 


Foreign 


French 


3 


units 


required. 


Languages 


German 


3 


units 






Greek 


3 


units 




GROUP IV 


Physics 


1. 


unit 


Two units 


Physical 


Chemistry 


1 


unit 


required. 


Sciences 










GROUP V 


Botany 


1 


unit 


One unit 


Biological 


Zoology 


1 


unit 


required. 


Sciences 










GROUP VI 


Greek and Roman 


1 


unit 


One unit 


History, Etc. 


Mediaeval and Modern 


1 


unit 


required. 




English 


1 


unit 






Civics 


% 


unit 






Economics 


% 


unit 




GROUP VII 


Physiology 


1 


unit 


Two and 




Physical Geography 


% 


unit 


one-half 




Drawing % 


or 1 


unit 


units may 




Domestic Science 


y 2 


unit 


be elected. 




Agriculture 


y 2 


unit 






Bookkeeping 


% 


unit 






Commercial Law 


% 


unit 






Commercial Geography 


% 


unit 






Psychology 


% 


unit 






Methods of Teaching 


y 2 


unit 





24 BULLETIN 



DESCRIPTION OF COURSES 

Candidates for admission should note carefully the following de- 
scription of courses. 

ENGLISH 
Three Units Required 

A thorough course in Advanced English Grammar, and a system- 
atic course in English Composition and in the essentials of Rhetoric 
is required of all students. In addition to this and following the 
recommendations of the Conference on Uniform Entrance Require- 
ments in English, books are prescribed for reading and practice, and 
for study and practice as follows : 

a. Reading and Practice — 1916. Two units. 

Group I. (Two to be selected.) The Old Testament, comprising 
at least the chief narrative episodes in Genesis, Exodus, Joshua, 
Judges, Samuel, Kings, and Daniel, together with the books of Ruth 
and Esther; the Odyssey, with the omission, if desired, of Books, I, II, 
III, IV, V, XV, XVI, XVII ; the Iliad, with the omission, if desired, 
of Books XI, XIII, XIV, XV, XVII, XXI; Virgil's Aeneid. The 
Odyssey, Iliad, and Aeneid should be read in English translations of 
recognized literary excellence. For any unit of this group a unit 
from any other group may be substituted. 

Group II. (Two to be selected.) Shakespeare's The Merchant of 
Venice, Midsummer Night's Dream, As You Like It, Tzvelfth Night, 
Henry the Fifth, Julius Caesar. 

Group III. (Two to be selected.) Defoe's Robinson Crusoe, Part 
I, Goldsmith's Vicar of Wakefield, either Scott's Ivanhoe or Quentin 
Durward, Hawthorne's The House of the Seven Gables, either Dick- 
ens' David Copperfield or A Tale of Tzvo Cities, Thackery's Henry 
Esmond, Mrs. Gaskill's Cranford; George Eliot's Silas Marner, Steven- 
son's Treasure Island. 

Group IV. (Two to be selected.) Bunyon's Pilgrim's Progress, 
Part I., the Sir Roger de Coverley Papers in the "Spectator," Frank- 
lin's Autobiography (condensed), Irving's Sketch Book, Macaulay's 
Esays on Lord Clive and Warren Hastings, Thackeray's English 
Humorists, Selections from Lincoln, including at least the two inau- 
gurals, the speeches in Independence Hall and at Gettysburg, the Last 
Public Address and Letter to Horace Greeley, along with a brief 
memoir or estimate, Parkman's Oregon Trail, either Thoreau's Walden 
or Huxley's Autobiography and selections from Lay Sermons includ- 
ing the address on Improving Natural Knowledge, A Liberal Educa- 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 25 

tion, and A Piece of Chalk, Stevenson's Inland Voyage and Travels 
With a Donkey. 

Group V. (Two to be selected.) Palgrave's Golden Treasury 
(First Series) Books II and III, with special attention to Dryden, 
Collins, Gray, Cowper, and Burns ; Gray's Elegy in a Country Church- 
yard and Goldsmith's Deserted Village, Coleridge's Ancient Mariner 
and Lowell's The Vision of Sir Launfal, Scott's The Lady of the Lake, 
Byron's Childe Harold, Canto IV, and The Prisoner of Chillon, Pal- 
grave's Golden Treasury (First Series) Boook IV, with special atten- 
tion to Wordsworth, Keats and Shelley, Poe's The Raven, Longfellow's 
The Courtship of Miles Standish, and Whittier's Snow Bound, Ma- 
caulay's Lays of Ancient Rome, and Arnold's Sohrab and Rustum, 
Tennyson's Gareth and Lynette, Lancelot and Elaine, and The Passing 
of Arthur, Browning's Cavalier Tunes, The Lost Leader, How They 
Brought the Good News from Ghent to Aix, Home Thoughts from 
Abroad, Home Thoughts from the Sea, Incidents of the French Camp, 
Herve Riel, Pheidippides, My Last Duchess, Up at a Villa — Down in 
the City. 

b. Study and Practice — (One unit) Shakespeare's Macbeth, Mil- 
ton's L 'Allegro, II Penseroso and Conms, Burke's Speech on Concili- 
ation with America, or Washington's Fareivell Address and Webster's 
First Bunker Hill Oration, Macaulay's Life of Johnson or Carlyle's 
Essay on Burns. 

MATHEMATICS 

a. Elementary Algebra, Algebra to Quadratics— One unit. 

1. The four fundamental operations. 

2. Factoring, determination of highest common factor and lowest 
common multiple by factoring. 

3. Linear equations, both numerical and literal, containing one, two, 
and three unknowns. 

4. Problems depending on linear equations. 

5. Radicals and the extration of the square root of polynomials. 

6. Fractional and negative exponents. 

b. Quadratics and Beyond — One-half unit. 

1. Quadratic equations, both numerical and literal. 

2. Problems depending on quadratic equations. 

3. The binomial theorem for positive integral exponents. 

4. The formulas for the nth term and the sum of the terms of 
arithmetical and geometrical progressions. 

5. Numerous problems chosen from mensuration, from physics, and 
from commercial life. 



26 



The equivalent of Hawke's and others. 
High School Algebra complete. 

c. Plane Geometry — One unit. 

1. The usual theorems and constructions. 

2. The solution of numerous exercises, including problems of Loci. 

3. The equivalent of Durell's Plane Geometry. 

d. Solid Geometry — One-half unit. 

1. The usual theorems, the properties and measurement of prisms, 
pyramids, cylinders, and cones, the sphere and spherical triangle. 

2. Applications to the mensuration of surfaces and solids. 

e. Trigonometry— One-half unit. 

1. Definitions and relations of the six trigonometric functions as 
ratios, circular measurements of angles. 

2. Proofs of the principal formulas, and the transformation of 
trigonometric expressions by means of these formulas. 

3. Solution of trigonometric equations. 

4. The theory and use of logarithms. 

5. The solution of right, oblique, and spherical triangles with 
applications. 

LATIN 

Latin a — Three units. 

A systematic course of five lessons a week extending over a period 
of three years is required. 

The real test of the candidate's fitness is based upon his ability to 
read simple Latin prose, to explain constructions and idioms, and to 
turn simple Latin sentences into prose. 

He should have studied grammar, elementary prose composition, 
90 to 120 pages of Nepos (Lives) and Caesar (Gallic and Civil wars) ; 
also about 40 pages of Cicero and the first four books of Virgil or its 
equivalent in Latin poetry. 

Latin b— One unit (optional). 

Virgil and Ovid, 6,000 to 10,000 verses or other equivalents not 
read in Latin A. 

GREEK 

Greek i— One unit. 

The equivalent of White's First Greek Book.. Five recitations a 
week for at least thirty weeks. The candidates shall have read the 
equivalent of about eight chapters of Anabasis and show a knowledge 
of ordinary forms. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 27 

Greek 2— One unit. 

At least the first four books of the Anabasis together with the 
ability to turn short sentences into Greek. 

Greek 3 — One unit. 

The translation at sight of Attic prose and of Homer, construc- 
tions, idioms and prosody and the ability to translate a short passage 
of connected English narrative is required. 

GERMAN 

a. Elementary German — Two units. 

During the first year the work should comprise : 

1. Careful drill on pronunciation. 

2. Drill on the rudiments of grammar. 

3. Abundant easy exercises in reproduction and memory work. 

4. The reading of 75 to 100 pages of graduated texts from a reader. 
During the second year the work should comprise : 

1. The reading of ISO to 200 pages of literature in the form of 
easy stories and plays. 

2. Reproduction practice as before, both oral and written. 

3. Continued drill on the rudiments of grammar. 
Suitable stories and plays are as follows : 

Wilhelmi's Einer muss heiraten, Bacon's Im Vaterland, Anderson's 
Maerchen, Leander's Traeumereien, Heyse's L'Arrabbiata, Hillern's 
Hoher als die Kirche, Storm's Immensee, Zschokke's Der Zerbrochene 
Krug, Stoekl's Unter dent Christbaum, Baumbach's Der Schwiegersohn. 

b. Intermediate German — One unit. 

The work should comprise, in addition to the elementary course, 
the reading of about 400 pages of moderately difficult prose and poetry 
together with constant drill in reproduction and grammatical drill, 
with special reference to the infinitive and the subjunctive. 

Suitable reading matter can be selected from the following : 
Freytag's Die Journalisten, Fouque's Undine, Goethe's Hermann 
und Dorothea, Lessing's Minna von Barnhelm, Schiller's Der Neffe als 
Onkel, Wilhelm Tell, Die Jungfrau von Orleans and others prescribed 
by the College Entrance Examination Board. 

FRENCH 

a. Elementary French — Two units. 

The applicant should be able to pronounce French accurately, to 
turn simple English sentences into French and to answer questions on 
the rudiments of grammar. 



28 



The first year's work should comprise the rudiments of grammar, 
the reproduction of natural forms of expression and the reading of 
100 to 175 duodecimo pages of graduated texts. 

During the second year the work should comprise : 

1. Constant practice in translating into French easy variations upon 
the texts read. 

2. Frequent oral abstracts. 

3. The mastery of the use of pronouns, pronominal adjectives, of 
all but the rare, irregular verb forms and the simpler uses of the con- 
ditional and the subjunctive. 

4. The reading of 400 to 500 pages of easy, modern prose in the 
form of stories, plays, or historical or biographical sketches. 

Suitable texts for the second year are : 

About's Le vox des montagnes, Bruno's Le tour de la France, 
Mairet's Latache du petit Pierre, Merimee's Colombab, Legouve and 
Labiche's La cigale cites les fourmis, Le Bedolliere's La Mere Michel 
et son chat. 

b. Intermediate French — One unit. 

1. Constant practice in French paraphrasing. 

2. Grammar in modern completeness. 

3. Writing from dictation. 

4. The reading of from 400 to 600 pages from suitable texts such 
as the following: 

Corneille's Le Cid, Sandeau's Le gendre de M. Poirier, Daudet's 
La Belle-Nivemaise, Racine's Athalie, Andromaque and Esther, George 
Sand's plays' and stories, Sandeau's Mademoiselle de la Siegliere, and 
others. 

PHYSICS 

Elementary Physics — One unit. 

1. The study of a standard text book as Carhart and Chute's High 
School Physics, or Milikan and Gale's A First Course in Physics. 

2. Lectures and table demonstrations. 

3. Individual laboratory work consisting of at least 30 experiments 
as required by the College Entrance Examination Board. 

4. The course should include the following fundamental topics : 

a. Introduction, Metric system, volume, density, weight and 
states of matter. 

b. Mechanics, fluids, and solids. 

c. Heat. 

d. Sound. 

e. Light. 

f. Magnetism. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 29 

g. Static Electricity. 

h. Current Electricity. 

The applicant must also present an approved laboratory note 
book of experiments performed, together with a certificate from 
the teacher of Physics stating the exact character and amount 
of work done under his supervision. 

BOTANY 

Elementary Botany — One unit. 

PART I. The General Principles of (a) Anatomy and Morphology, 
(b) Physiology, and (c) Ecology. 

a. Anatomy and Morphology. 

The seed, the shoot, specialized and metamorphosed shoots, the 
root, specialized and metamorphosed roots, the flower, the compara- 
tive and morphological study of four or more types, the fruit and the 
cell. 

b. Physiology. 

Roll of water in the plant, photosynthesis, respiration, digestion, 
irritability, growth, and fertilization. 

c. Ecology. 

Modifications, dissemination, crosspollination, light relations of 
green tissue and special habitats. 

PART II. The natural history of the plant groups and classification- 
A comprehensive study of the great natural groups of plants. Sel- 
ections may be made from the following : 

a. Algae. Pleurococus, Sphaerella, Spirogyra, Vaucheria, Fucus, 
Nemalion. 

b. Fungi. Bacteria, Rhizopus or Mucor, Yeast, Puccinia, Corn 
Smut. Mushroom. 

c. Lichens. Physcia (or Parmelia or Usnea). 

d. Bryophytes. In Hepaticae, Radula and in Musci, Mnium. 

e. Pteridophytes. In Filicineae, Aspidium, or equivalent, includ- 
ing the prothallus. In Equesetinae, Equisetum. In Lycopodineae, 
Lycopodium, and Selaginella. 

f. Gymnosperms. Pinus or equivalent. 

g. Angiosperms. A monocotyledon and dicotyledon. 

The applicant shall present a certified note-book of individual lab- 



30 



oratory work of at least double the amount of time given to recitation. 
Special stress should be laid on accurate drawings and precise descrip- 
tions. 

ZOOLOGY 

Elementary Zoology — One unit. 

1. The general natural history — including general external struc- 
ture in relation to adaptations, life histories, geographical range, rela- 
tions to other plants and animals, and economic relations — of common 
vertebrates. 

Suggested types are a mammal, bird, lizard, snake, turtle, newt, frog, 
dogfish or shark, bony fish, clam, snail, starfish, earthworm, hydra, 
sea anemone, paramoecium. 

Pupils should be familiar with orders of insects or with crusta- 
ceans, spiders and myriapods. 

Actual examination of common animals with the above should be 
supplemented by reading giving natural history information. 

Laboratory work required. 

Certified note-books should be presented. 

In general, the work as outlined by the College Entrance Exam- 
ination Board will be accepted. 

CHEMISTRY 
Elementary Chemistry — One unit. 
The candidate's preparation should include : 

1. Individual laboratory work, comprising at least forty exercises 
from a list of sixty or more as outlined by the College Entrance 
Examination Board. 

2. Instruction by lecture-table demonstrations, to be used mainly 
as a basis for questioning upon the general principles involved in the 
pupil's laboratory investigations. 

3. The study of at least one standard text-book, to the end that the 
pupil may gain a comprehensive and connected view of the most im- 
portant facts and laws of Elementary Chemistry. Brownlee and Others 
Principles in Chemistry or its equivalent is required. 

HISTORY 

History a— One unit. 

Ancient History, with special reference to Greek and Roman his- 
tory, including also a brief study of the ancient civilization and bring- 
ing the study down to the death of Charlemagne. 

History b — One unit. 

Mediaeval and Modern History, from the death of Charlemagne to 
the present time. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 31 

History c— One unit. 
English History. 

History d — One unit. 
American History and Civics. 

GEOGRAPHY 

Physical Geography — One unit. 

a. The Earth as a Globe. 

b. The Ocean. 

c. The Atmosphere — including weather instruments and the United 
States Weather Map. 

d. The land. 

e. Volcanoes. 

f. Rivers. 

g. Glaciers. 

h. Relation of man, plants, and animals to climate, land forms, and 
oceanic areas. 

A note-book certified to by the teacher in charge is required in all 
cases for one unit. . Otherwise one-half unit only may be offered. 

DRAWING 

Free-hand Drawing — One unit. 

1. The applicant must be able to sketch with fairly steady and clean 
lines any figures or combinations of figures, polygons, spirals, or the 
like. 

2. He shall be able to sketch common objects such as furniture and 
utensils with reasonable accuracy and correctness of proportion. 

3. Also to sketch from copy, enlarging or reducing dimensions, any 
simple object, such as a valve or title pattern. 

A note-book with drawings both approved and certified to by the 
teacher must be presented in order to receive credit. 



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LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 37 

PHILOSOPHY AND EDUCATION 

PHILOSOPHY 

/ PROFESSOR SPANGLER 

i. Psychology — Three hours. First Semester. 

Special emphasis will be upon (1) the application of psychological 
laws to practical life, and (2) the philosophical bearing of certain psy- 
chological principles. Thus, without departing from the mode of treat- 
ment appropriate to a natural science, this course will be made to serve 
as a general introduction to philosophy. 

, Text-book, Angell's Psychology. 
v 

2. Logic — Three hours. Second Semester. 

The intimate relation between Logic and Psychology will be em- 
phasized thruout the course. From this point of view the traditional 
subject matter of elementary logic will be carefully discussed and the 
detection and classification of fallacies drilled upon. About half the 
time of the course will be given to Inductive Logic. 

3. History of Ancient Philosophy—Two hours. First Semester. 
In this course, and in its sequel, Philosophy 4, the aim will be (1) 

to trace the development of philosophy, pointing out what of perma- 
nent value each system, as it arose, contributed toward a final solution 
of the problem of the nature of being, and (2) to show the interaction 
between philosophic thought and the practical life of the period during 
which it flourished. 

4. History of Modern Philosophy — Two hours. Second Semester. 
The work will be critical as well as expository, and an effort will 

be made at reconstruction on the basis of the great systems of philos- 
ophy worked out from Descartes to Spencer. 

5. Ethics — Two hours. Throughout the year. 

This course will be primarily constructive and only in so far crit- 
ical and historical as its constructive purpose demands. Much atten- 
tion will be given to the practical bearing of the doctrine set forth on 
the pressing problems of today — such as individualism, the integrity 
of our social institutions, the problems which grow out of progress, etc. 

6. Theism — Two hours. Throughout the year. 

A course in the grounds of theistic belief. Elective for Seniors. 

EDUCATION 

PROFESSOR GRIMM 

^ i. History of Education — Two hours. Thruout year. 

A study of pedagogical theories and practices., from the early days 
of China to the present, with some reaction upon the doctrines dis- 
cussed. 



38 



2. School Management and School Law — Two hours. Second 
Semester. 

A consideration of the practical problems involved in class man- 
agement and in school supervision. 

3. Secondary Education — Three hours. First Semester. 

This course deals primarily with the American High School of to- 
day but some attention will also be given to the history of our sec- 
ondary school system in the United States and to the secondary 
schools of Europe. The course will consist of two parts: (1) The 
general problems of the high school, and (2) The high school cur- 
riculum. 

Surveys of at least one ungraded and one graded school must be 
made and reported by each member of the class. 

Practice teaching in local schools will be required. 

DEPARTMENT OF LATIN 

PROFESSOR KIRKLAND 

A. Course for Beginners — Four hours. Thruout the year. 

The elements of Latin Grammar. The reading of at least two 
books of Caesar's Gallic War, and as much as possible in Cicero's ora- 
tions and in Virgil. This course will be accepted as the fulfillment of 
entrance conditions in Latin or for college credit if Latin has not been 
offered for entrance. 

1. Selections from Roman Historical Literature — Three hours. 
First Semester. 

Review of Latin Grammar. Prose Composition. 

2. Selections from Latin Poetry — Three Hours. Second Se- 
mester. 

The Study of Mythology. 

3. Horace, Odes and Epodes — Three hours. First Semester. 
History of Latin Literature. 

4. Selections from the Literature of the Early Empire — Three 

hours. Second Semester. 
The Study of Roman Life. 

5. Rapid Reading Course in Latin Poetry — Two hours. Thruout 
year. (Not offered 1917-1918). 

6. Teachers' Training Course — Four hours. Thruout year. 
(Not offered 1917-1918). 

7. Latin Comedy. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 39 

8. Latin Tragedy. 

9. Rapid Reading Course in Latin Prose Writers — Two hours. 
Thruout the year. 

HISTORY AND POLITICAL SCIENCE 

HISTORY 

PROFESSOR SPANGLER 

i. Mediaeval and Early Modern History — Two hours. Thruout 
the year. A study of the life and institutions of the Middle Ages ; the 
Renaissance and the Reformation. 

Thatcher and Schwill's Europe in the Middle Ages, Schwill's Mod- 
ern Europe, Robinson's Readings. 

* 2. European History from the accession of Louis XIV to the 
present time. Two hours. Thruout the year. 

Robinson and Beard. The Development of Modern Europe, Vol- 
umes I and II, Robinson's Readings. 

3. History of England — Two hours. Thruout the year. 

A brief review of the Anglo-Saxon period ; a more thoro study 
of the period following the Norman Conquest, and an intensive study 
of the Tudor period and the Revolution. 

Terry : History of England, Cheyney : Introduction to the Social and 
Industrial History of England, Cheyney : Readings in English History. 

POLITICAL SCIENCE 

PROFESSOR GINGRICH 

4. Constitutional Law — Three hours. Thruout the year. 

A course designed to give the student a working knowledge of the 
fundamental laws of the United States, their causes and effects. 

Young's, "The New American Government and Its Work" supple- 
mented with lectures. 

5. Political Science — Three hours. First Semester. 

A study of various theories of the state and of the structure and 
province of government. 

Garner : Elements of Political Science. 

6. International Law — Three hours. Second Semester. 

A course in the fundamental principles of International law. Much 
time is given to the study of important cases. 
Stockton : Outlines of International Law. 



40 BULLETIN 

ECONOMICS AND SOCIOLOGY 

PROFESSOR GINGRICH 

i. Economics — Three hours. Thruout the year. 

The work of the first semester deals with economic theory. The 
second semester is devoted to the consideration of practical current 
problems. 

Fetter: Economic Principles, Volumes I and II. 

2. Theory of Sociology — Two hours. Thruout the year. 

The course is intended to give the student a knowledge of the var- 
ious theories of society together with the place of Sociology in the 
general field of learning. 

MATHEMATICS 

PROFESSOR LEHMAN 

i. Advanced Algebra — Four hours. First Semester. 

Covering ratio and proportion, variation, progressions, the binom- 
ial theorem, theorem of undetermined coefficients, logarithms, per- 
mutations and combinations, theory of equations, partial fractions, etc. 

2. Plane and Spherical Trigonometry — Four hours. Second Se- 
mester. 

Definitions of trigonometric functions, goniometry, right and 
oblique triangles, measuring angles to compute distances and heights, 
development of trigonometric formulae, solution of right and oblique 
spherical triangles, applications to Astronomy. 

3. Analytic Geometry — Three hours. Thruout the year. 

The equations of the straight line, circle, ellipse, parabola, and 
hyperbola are studied, numerous examples solved, and as much of the 
higher plane curves and of the geometry of space is covered as time 
will permit. 

4. Differential Calculus — Three hours. First Semester. 
Differentiation of algebraic and transcendental functions, maxima 

and minima, development into series, tangents, normals, evolutes, en- 
velopes, etc. 

5. Integral Calculus — Three hours. Second Semester. 
Integrations, rectification of curves, quadrature of surfaces, cuba- 

ture of solids, etc. 

6. Plane Surveying — Three hours. Second Semester. 

A study of the instruments, field work, computing areas, plot- 
ting, leveling, etc. 



-• 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 41 

7. Differential Equations — Three hours. First Semester. 
A course in the elements of different equations. Murray. 

Prerequisite, Mathematics 3, 4, and 5. 

8. Analytic Mechanics — Three hours. Second Semester. Bowser. 
Prerequisite, Mathematics 7. 

ASTRONOMY 

PROFESSOR LEHMAN 

-'' i. General Astronomy — Three hours. First Semester. 

A course in descriptive astronomy. Reports on assigned readings. 
Important constellations and star groups are studied. 

A fine four-and-a-half-inch achromatic telescope adds to the inter- 
est of the subject. 

Open to Juniors and Seniors. 

GERMAN LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE 

PROFESSOR SELTZER 

1. Freshman German — .Three hours. Thruout the year. 
Literature of the 19th century. Fouque's Undine, Heine's Die Hars- 

reise, Freytag's Die Journalist en; Scheffel's Ekkehard, Mueller's Deut- 
sche Liebe; Deutsche Gedichte, Wenkebach's Composition. 

2. Sophomore German — Three hours. Thruout the year. 
Literature of the 18th century. Representative works of Lessing, 

Schiller and Goethe will be read, discussed, and compared. 

3. Junior German — Three hours. Thruout the year. 
Prerequisite German 2. General view of German Literature. Rapid 

reading of representative authors of each period; reading of selec- 
tions from German History, Freytag's Ausdem Jahrhundert des Gros- 
sen Kreiges. Reports in German on assigned work. This course al- 
ternates with German 6. Will not be given in 1917-18. 

6. Elective-Goethe — Three hours. Thruout the year. 

Prerequisite German 2. Study of Goethe's life and works ; inten- 
sive study of Goethe's prose, poetry and drama ; essays in German 
required. This course alternates with German 3. Will be given 1917- 
18. 

7. Elective-Practical German — One hour. Thruout the year. 
Prerequisite German 3 or 6. This course aims to meet the needs 

of those who intend to teach German. Hour will be arranged to 
suit the convenience of the class. 



42 BULLETIN 

ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE 

PROFESSORS SEAMAN, ADAMS, AND STINE 

i. Theory and Practice of English Composition — Two hours. 
Thruout the year. 

This course includes a thoro study of (1) the technique and de- 
velopment of the sentence and the paragraph and (2) the forms of 
composition, weekly themes, recitations and lectures. 

Texts: Scott and Denny, New Composition — Rhetoric; Genung's, 
Working Principles of Rhetoric. 

2. Public Speaking — One hour. Thruout the year. 

This course aims to give the students practice in the fundamentals 
of oral expression. Study of the lives and methods of great orators. 
Drill in interpretating and delivering orations and other forms of liter- 
ature. Extemporaneous speaking, arguments, occasional speeches and 
original orations, impersonation, characterization, dramatic study and 
presentation of scenes from some of Shakespeare's plays. 

y' 3. History of English Literature— Two hours. Thruout the 
year. 

This course deals with the work of all the leading authors from the 
earliest time to the present. 

4. American Literature — Three hours. Thruout the year. 

A course dealing with the lives and works of American writers from 
the Colonial to the present age. 

5. Shakespeare — Three hours. Thruout the year. 

The development of the drama is traced from its beginning to the 
end of the Elizabethan period. Shakespeare's plays are then critically 
studied. 

6. Advanced Composition — Two hours. First Semester. 

A course dealing with the principles of criticism and the analysis 
of the short story. 

7. Chaucer — Two hours. Second Semester. 

The Canterbury tales. A close study of the grammar and versifica- 
tion of the Chaucerian period. 

DEPARTMENT OF FRENCH 

PROFESSOR KIRKLAND AND MISS SCHMAUCK 

I. First Year French — Three hours. Thruout the year. 
Exercises in dictation and composition occupy one-third of the time 
thruout the year. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 43 

Text-books: Fraser and Squair's Grammar; Merimee, Colombo; 
Labiche et Martin, Le voyage de Monsieur Perrichon; Daudet, C antes 
choisis; Dumas, L'Evasion du Due de Beaufort. 

2. Second Year French — Three hours. Thruout the year. 

The novel, drama, and lyric of the Nineteenth Century are touched 
upon; the subjunctive mood is studied; oral exercises are used; the 
history of French Literature is examined. 

Text-books : Fraser and Squair's Grammar; Saintbury's History of 
French Literature; Dumas' Monte-Cristo ; Tuckerman, Simplicite; 
About, Le roi des Monfagnes; Racine, Athalie; Hugo, Hernani; Bow- 
en's Modern French Lyrics. 

3. Third Year French — Three hours. Thruout the year. 

The study of Modern French Prose and of France's place in civil- 
ization. 

Books : Nodier, Contes; Hugo, Notre Dame de Paris; Sand, Indi- 
ana; Pellissier, Le mouvement litteraire du XIXe Siecle ; Balzac, La 
Cousine Bette; France, Silvestre Bonnard ; Foncin, Le Pays de France. 

GREEK LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE 

PROFESSOR SHROYER 

i. Elementary Greek — Three hours. Thruout the year. 
Xenophon: Four Books of the Anabasis. Greek Prose. 

2. Advanced Greek — Three hours. Thruout the year. 

Homer : Three books of the Iliad, scansion, sight translation, epic 
poetry. Greek antiquities, Greek literature and Greek prose. 

3. Junior Greek — Three hours. Thruout the year. 
Herodotus : Selections from several of the books are read. Review 

of the Greek historians and the Persian Wars. 

Plato : Apology and Crito. The Athenian courts. 
New Testament. Readings in the Pauline epistles. 

4. Senior Greek — Three hours. Thruout the year. 
Xenophon, Memorabilia, or Demosthenes, De Corona. Socrates and 

the Socratic schools. The Attic oration. 

Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, or Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound. 
Development of the Greek Drama. Greek tragedy, comedy, and 
theater. 

5. Junior Elective Greek — Three hours. Thruout the year. 
New Testament : Readings in the gospels of Mark and John and in 

the Pauline and Catholic epistles. The object of this course is exegeti- 
cal and practical. It will include a study of the synoptic gospels and 
a survey of the letters of Paul. 



44 BULLETIN 

BIBLE 

PROFESSOR SHROYER 

i. Teacher Training Lessons — Hurlbut. 

2. Bible Doctrines — Sell. 

3. Introduction to New Testament History — Rail. 

4. Introduction to Old Testament History — Painter. 

5. Scientific Confirmations of Old Testament History— Wright. 

6. Social Institutions and Ideals of the Bible— Soares. 
Each course two hours. One Semester. 

Four courses required. 
Two courses elective. 

BIOLOGY 

PROFESSORS DERICKSON AND ARNDT ; MR. WILLIAMS, AND MISS SHOWERS 

i. General Biology — Three hours. Thruout the year. 

Two lectures or recitation and one laboratory period of two hours 
each week. 

The object of the course is to acquaint the student with the essen- 
tial structures and processes of living things. 

Types of plants and animals are studied in the laboratory to illus- 
trate the structure, properties, and activities of living protoplasm as 
manifested in individuals composed of a simple cell, of tissues, and of 
systems of organs. The principles of development, homology, classi- 
fication, adaptation, evolution, and heredity are considered. 

The course is fundamental and it or its equivalent is required for 
admission to all other courses in Biology. 

Required of Freshmen in Science Course. Elective for others. 

Text : Smallwood's Biology. 

2. *Botany — Four hours. Thruout the year. 

Three lectures or recitations and two laboratory periods of two 
hours each, per week. The object of the course is to give the student 
a broad, general knowledge of the plant kingdom. The form, struc- 
ture, and functioning of one or more types of each of the divisions of 
algae, fungi, liverworts, mosses, ferns, and flowering plants are studied. 
Special attention is given to the ontogeny and phylogeny of the several 
groups suggestive of evolution. 

Experiments are performed in the laboratory to determine some of 



*Biology 2 and Biology 3 are given in alternate years. Biology 3 
will be given in 1917-1918. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 45 

the relations of plants to water, gravitation, temperature, and light. 
Several types of seeds are studied as to their structure, germination, 
and development. The principles of classification are learned by the 
analysis and identification of representatives of at least twenty-five 
orders of spermatophytes. 

The laboratory and class-room work is supplemented by frequent 
field trips. 

Each student is supplied with a compound microscope, dissecting 
instruments, note and drawing materials, and portfolio. 

Text-books : Text-book of Botany, Coulter, Barnes, and Cowles. 
Gray's New Manual of Botany, Laboratory and Field Manual of 
Botany, Bergen and Davis. 

3. *Zoology — Four hours. Thruout the year. 

Three lectures and two laboratory periods of two hours each, per 
week. 

The principles of biology are learned by making a careful com- 
parative study of representatives of several phyla of animals. The 
amoeba, euglena, Paramecium, vorticella, sponge, hydra, starfish, earth- 
worm, crayfish, grasshopper, mussel, amphioxus, and frog are studied. 
A careful study is made of the embryology of the frog. The process 
of development is closely watched from the segmenting of the egg until 
metamorphosis takes place. Each student is taught the principles of 
technic by preparing and sectioning embryos at various stages of de- 
velopment. From these and other microscopic preparations the de- 
velopment of the internal organs and origin of tissues is studied. This 
is followed by a histological study of the tissues of the adult frog. 

Each student is required to keep a record of all work done in the 
laboratory in carefully prepared notes and drawings. 

For Sophomores in the Science group. Elective for others. 

. Text-books : Hegner's College Zoology, Holms' The Frog. 

4. tComparative Vertebrate Anatomy — Four hours. Thruout 
the year. Six hours' laboratory work and two conferences each week. 

The course consists of the dissection and thoro study of a suc- 
torial fish, a cartilaginous fish, a bony fish, an amphibian, a reptile, a 
bird, and a mammal. Carefully labeled drawings are required of each 
student as a record of each dissection. 

Text-books : Pratt's Vertebrate Zoology, Kingsley's Text-book of 
Vertebrate Zoology. 



*Biology 2 and Biology 3 are given in alternate years. Biology 3 
will be given in 1917-1918. 

t Biology 4 and Biology 5 are given in alternate years. Biology 5 
will be given in 1917-1918. 



46 



5- * Vertebrate Histology and Embryology — Four hours. 

Histology — Two conferences and six hours laboratory work per 
week. The normal histology of the human body is made the basis of 
the class work. Each student is required to acquire a practical knowl- 
edge of all phases of histological technic. 

All the tissues as well as the structure of all of the organs of the 
body are studied. Each student prepares about one hundred and fifty 
slides. 

Text-book: A Manual of Histology and Organography, Hill. 

Elective for Juniors and Seniors. 

Embryology — Second week in March to the end of the year. Two 
lectures and six hours laboratory work per week. The laboratory work 
is based on the development of the chick and comparisons made with 
that of the frog and mammal. A study is made of living embryos at 
various stages of development. These are later killed, prepared, and 
sectioned by the student for the study of the development of the in- 
ternal organs. Fully labeled drawings are required. 

Text-books: Chordate Development, Kellicott ; Text-book of Em- 
brylogy, Prentiss. 

Elective for Juniors and Seniors. 

CHEMISTRY 

PROFESSOR WANNER AND MR. DONOHUE 

i A. Elementary Inorganic Chemistry — Fours hours. Thruout 
the year. 

Two hours lectures, demonstrations, or recitations, and six hours 
laboratory work. 

This course presupposes no previous knowledge of chemistry. 

Individual laboratory practice, on the general principles involved in 
elementary chemistry, is required of each student. About two hundred 
selected experiments are required. 

Text-book : Outlines of Chemistry by L. Kahlenberg. 

i B. General Inorganic Chemistry — Four hours. Thruout the 
year. 

Two hours lectures or recitations and a minimum of six hours 
laboratory work. 

Prerequisite — A high-school course in chemistry covering a year's 
work as outlined in the admission requirements. A more advanced 
course in general chemistry. A thoro study of the laws and theories 



*Biology 4 and Biology 5 are given in alternate years. Biology 5 
will be given in 1917-1918. 



J 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 47 

of chemistry, the non-metallic and metallic elements and their com- 
pounds. 

In the laboratory each student performs two hundred experiments 
selected from A Laboratory Outline of General Chemistry by Smith 
and Hale. 

Text-book : General Chemistry for Colleges by Alexander Smith. 

■ 2 A. Qualitative Analysis — Four hours. First Semester. 

One hour lecture or conference and a minimum of eight hours 
laboratory work. 

Prerequisite — Chemistry I. A. 

The theory and practice involved in the detection of the elements. 
Also the application of the electrolytic dissociation theory to quali- 
tative analysis. 

In the laboratory the student's knowledge of the subject is tested 
by frequent unknowns. 

Text-book : Qualitative Analysis by A. A. Noyes. 

2 B. Qualitative Analysis — Four hours. Thruout the year. 

One hour conference or lecture and a minimum of eight hours 
laboratory work. 

Prerequisite — Chemistry I. B. 

A study of the theories of solutions and ionization and their ap- 
plications in qualitative analysis. 

Text-books : Qualitative Chemical Analysis, Vols. I. and II. by 
J. Stieglitz. 

3. Quantitative Analysis — Four hours. Second Semester. 

One hour lecture and a minimum of eight hours laboratory work. 
Second Semester. 

Prerequisite, Chemistry 2. 

A few simple gravimetric and volumetric determinations and a study 
of the chemical operations involved. 

The determinations of the more important elements. The complete 
analysis of limestone. The analysis of a few common ores and alloys. 

Text-book: Talbot's Quantitative Analysis. 

4. Quantitative Analysis — Four hours. Thruout the year. 
One hour lecture and eight hours laboratory work. 
Prerequisite Chemistry 3. 

Advanced gravimetric analysis. 

Advanced volumetric analysis. 

Text-book : Olsen's Quantitative Analysis. 

5. Organic Chemistry — Four hours. Thruout the year. 
Two hours lectures and six hours laboratory work. 
Prerequisite Chemistry I. 



48 BULLETIN 

Introduction to, and study of the fundamental principles of organic 
chemistry. 

The aliphatic compounds. 

The aromatic compounds. 

The laboratory work consists in the preparation and purification of 
a number of typical organic compounds. 

Text-books : Perkin and Kippin's Organic Chemistry, and Gatter- 
man's Practical Methods of Organic Chemistry. 

6. Industrial Chemistry — Two hours lectures and recitations. 

Prerequisite, Chemistry I. 

A study of the practical applications of chemistry. 

Trips are taken to industrial plants in the immediate vicinity. 

Text-book: Thorpe's Industrial Chemistry. Not offered 1917-18. 

GEOLOGY 

PROFESSOR WANNER 

i. General Geology — Three hours. Second Semester. 
Three hours lectures and recitations. 
Dynamical, structural, and historical geology. 

Also some practical work in the geological field trips in the imme- 
diate vicinity. 

Text-book : Geology, Chamberlain and Salisbury. 

PHYSICS 

PROFESSOR GRIMM 

Physics i. General Physics — Four hours. Thruout the year. 

Three hours lectures and recitation and four hours laboratory work 
per week. The course will be a thoro course in the fundamental 
principles of physical science and is especially intended as a preparation 
for Physics 2, 3, and 4 and for those interested in the practical appli- 
cations of physical laws and principles. This course may be taken by 
those who have had no High School Physics. 

Text-book : Millikan and Gale's A First Course in Physics and 
Carhart's College Physics and Ames and Bliss's Laboratory Manual. 

Laboratory hours Thursday and Friday afternoons and Saturday 
morning. 

2. Advanced Physics — Mechanics — Four hours. One Semester. 

This course will be a thoro investigation of the mechanics of solids, 
liquids, and gases and sound. 
Second Semester 1917-1918. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 49 

3. Advanced Physics — Electricity and Magnetism — Four hours. 
One Semester. 

This course will be a thoro consideration of the laws of the elec- 
tric and magnetic fields and the power applications of electricity. 
First Semester 1918-1919. 

4. Advanced Physics — Heat and Light — Four hours. One Se- 
mester. 

This course will be concerned with the nature of heat and light and 
the transmission of each thru various media including reflection, re- 
fraction and dispersion. 

First Semester 1917-1918. 

Text-books : Kimball's College Physics, and a special text for each 
of courses 2, 3, and 4. 

The Calculus will be a very great aid in these courses. 

PHYSICAL CULTURE 

The work begins December 1 and continues until the end of the 
winter term. The work consists of gymnastic classes two days a week. 
Two years' work in college is required for graduation. Aside from this^ 
this work is required of all Resident, Special, and Resident Prepara- 
tory students. 

The work consists of marching, calisthenic drills, elementary work 
on the heavy apparatus, folk dancing, and group games. 

The aim of the course will be to keep the students in good physical 
condition and to prepare them to handle similar work in grade or high 
schools. 

In addition to the college work some special work is being done by 
this department. A class for high school boys meets three times each 
week. There are about twenty boys in this class and is taught by one 
of the college men. A class for high school girls is taught by sever- 
al of the college girls. The men from the factory are given one night 
each week for basket ball. There are about fifteen in this class. 

i. Freshman Physical Culture — One-half hour. Two hours per 
week, December 1 to April 1. 

2. Sophomore Physical Culture — One-half hour. Two hours per 
week, December 1 to April 1. 

ORATORY AND PUBLIC SPEAKING 

PROFESSOR ADAMS 

The work of this department is primarily personal culture, the high- 
est development of the personality of the student. "The development 
of the art of oratory is the development of the orator himself." 



so 



The course requires two years of study of prescribed work. Upon 
the completion of the studies a certificate is awarded. 

Students entering the regular course must have had a high-school 
course or its equivalent. 

A recital is given at least once a term for which the students are 
carefully prepared. These afford the students public platform practice 
by which they gain confidence and experience. 

Each Senior is required to adapt and arrange a program for a pub- 
lic recital, from some piece of literature approved by the instructor. 
Description of Courses 

i. Public Speaking. ( English 2) One hour. Thruout the year. 

Required of Sophomores. Open to others at discretion of instruc- 
tor. 

This aims to give the student practice in the fundamentals of oral 
expression. Physical and voice exercises for securing poise, freedom, 
and unity, breathing and articulation, placing and radiation of tones. 

Study of the lives and methods of great orators. Drill in inter- 
preting and delivering orations and other forms of literature. 

Extemporaneous speaking, arguments, occasional speeches and orig- 
inal orations, impersonation, characterization, dramatic stud}' and 
presentation of scenes from some of Shakespeare's plays. 

2. Voice Training. Exercises for breath control, for freeing of 
voice by proper placing and direction of tone, purity, flexibility, radi- 
ation, resonance, and power ; pitch, volume, and inflection in emphasis. 
Tone color and form, ideal and imaginative qualities in tone. Diction. 

Given daily thruout course. 

3. Literary Interpretation. Development of the principles of 
Public Address. 

a. Evolution of Expression. Two hours. Thruout the year. 
Study of selections from great orators, essayists, poets, and drama- 
tists. Practical drill work before class for developing power of stu- 
dent thru application of principles to his individual needs. Personal 
criticism and guidance to bring out originality of student. 

b. Prefective Laws of Art. Two hours. Thruout the year. Ex- 
pressive study of different forms of literature with particular atten- 
tion to the laws of art which logically follow the sixteen steps of the 
Evolution. Dramatic work. 

(Two hours credit in college is given for each of above courses, 
a and b, when taken with one private lesson a week). 

c. Poetic Interpretion. One hour. Thruout the year. Special 
interpretative and critical study of the great poets, with presentation 
and criticism before class, to acquaint student with masters of liter- 
ary art, to develop appreciation of music and suggestiveness of poetry, 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 51 

and imaginative and poetic elements in work. Study of poetic forms. 
Attention is given to the choice, adaptation, and abridgement of 
selections for public reading. 

4. Dramatic and Platform Art — One hour. Thruout the year. 
Interpretation and dramatic study of Hamlet, Macbeth, Othello, Mer- 
chant of Venice, Julius Caesar, and As You Like It. Presentation of 
prepared scenes for criticism. Practical work in stage business, de- 
portment, and grouping. 

Platform deportment, correct bearing, and presentation before 
audience. Platform methods and traditions. Pantomime, study of 
emotions. Freedom and responsiveness in bodily expression. 

Sketches and plays are given from time to time during the year, 
which, with the annual college play, provide special dramatic train- 
ing for many. 

Private lessons, with attention to the special needs of the students, 
either in overcoming habits, or in personal development and reper- 
toire, are given thruout the course to supplement the class work. 
More time is given to selections, arrangement of programs, writing 
introductions, etc. One hour a week. 

5. Physical Training. Exercises for securing poise, bearing, 
freedom and ease in movement; to gain control over body and render 
it responsive to thought. Response in bearing and dramatic attitudes. 
Gesture drill for definite- expressions through different realms. 

Given daily thruout course. 

6. English Literature. 

English Literature (English 3). 
Composition and Rhetoric (English 1). 

7. Psychology (Philosophy 1). 

8. Normal Training and Methods — One hour. Thruout the 
year. Practice in teaching and class management. Under the direc- 
tion and criticism of the instructor the Seniors conduct class work, 
lecture upon principles, and discuss their application. 

TUITION 

Matriculation and Physical Culture, $6.00. Non-resident students 
may be exempted from physical culture. 

All tuition is payable in advance. No reduction is allowed for 
absence for the first or second week of the terms, nor for lessons 
missed during the terms except in case of protracted illness. 
Regular Course, $80 per year, payable quarterly in advance. 

Special courses in Literary Interpretation, with one private lesson 



52 BULLETIN 

a week, giving 2 hours credit, $40 per year, payable quarterly in ad- 
vance. 

Private lessons, $1.00. 

Other classes will be formed when there is a call for any special 
line of work. 

Fee for certificate, $5.00. 



LEBANON VALLEY ACADEMY 

Preparatory School 
Lebanon V alley College 



FOUNDED 1866 



ANNVILLE, PA. 



54 



FACULTY 

SAMUEL O. GRIMM, B. Pd., A. M. 
Principal, Physics 

LUCY S. SELTZER, A. M. 
German 

ROBERT McD. KIRKLAND, A-. M. 

Latin 

F. L. STINE, A. B. 
English and Mathematics 

PAUL S. WAGNER 
Algebra and Geometry 

CHARLES W. GEMMILL 

Assistant in the Physical Laboratory 

JACOB A. JACKOWICK 

Algebra and Solid Geometry 

ESTHER M. BACHMAN 
English Grammar 

PAULINE CLARK 

Second Year English 

JOSEPH J. DONOHUE 
Elementary German 

CHRISTINE E. CARTER 
Physical Geography and Civics 

ABRAM M. LONG 
English History 

CATHERINE E. HARRIS 
First Year Latin 

W. W. McCONNEL 
Caesar 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 55 

HISTORICAL 

Lebanon Valley Academy was established in 1866. For forty-nine 
years it has cherished the ideals of full and accurate scholarship, and 
the development of character that fits one for the largest service to 
society. From its inception, college preparatory work has been its 
main purpose but its curriculum has been well adapted to the needs 
of those who have entered immediately into practical life or profes- 
sional study. 

EXAMINATIONS 

Examinations are held at the close of each half year. Other ex- 
aminations will be held whenever the completion of a subject war- 
rants such examination. At this time reports are sent to parents and 
guardians. More frequent reports are sent when requested by par- 
ents. In the Academy records, A, signifies excellent ; B, very good ; 
C, fair ; D, low but passing ; E, conditioned ; F, repeat in class. An 
"E" record may be removed by a test on any part of the course in 
which the record is poor. For such test a fee of one dollar is charg- 
ed. An "F" may not be removed by a special examination. 

For special tests, given on work not completed because of ab- 
sence or otherwise, a fee of one dollar is charged. For special ex- 
aminations a fee of two dollars is charged. 

ADMISSION 

The applicant should be at least twelve years of age. While no 
entrance examination is required, it is expected that the applicant shall 
have completed the ordinary common school branches. 

Each student should bring with him a certified statement of work 
done in the school last attended. Blanks for such certification will 
be provided by the school. Tentative credit will be given for work 
thus certified, and the student will be permitted to take up his work 
as near as possible where he left off, but any previous work found to 
be unsatisfactory will have to be repeated. 

Students will be received at any time, but in general it is to the 
student's advantage to enter in September, or less preferably, at the 
beginning of the second Semester. However, the applicant usually 
finds enough work if he enters at any time. 

GRADUATION 

Any student who has completed 14j4 units of work as outlined in 
the courses of study, provided that he has completed three units of 
Mathematics, three units of English, three units of Latin, one unit of 
Science, and one unit of History, shall be entitled to the school diplo- 



ma. If the candidate desires to enter Lebanon Valley College he shall 
arrange his work to meet the entrance requirements for the several 
courses. 

Students having completed only a partial course will be given cer- 
tificates for such work upon request. 

ACADEMY EXPENSES 

Matriculation $ 12.00 

Tu'tion 50.00 

Boarding 155.00 

Room Rent $60.00—15.00 

Heat and Light 6.00 

Deposit Fee 5.00 

Contingent Fund 10.00 

Minimum Charges $253.00 

Rebate for Cash $ 13.00 

Minimum Total $240.00 

The above table does not include personal expenses, books nor 
laundry. Further details concerning expenses and regulations are 
found on pages 18 to 21 of this catalog. 

LABORATORY FEES 

Elementary Physics, per Semester $3.00 

Elementary Chemistry, per Semester 4.00 

DESCRIPTION OF COURSES 

A unit represents a year's study in any subject and is reckoned to 
be a quarter of the entire amount of work required of each student. 
However, the four years of English aggregate but three units. 

For graduation fourteen and one-half units are required. The 
following courses are required of all applicants : 

Latin a, b, and c 3 units 

English a, b, c, and d 3 units 

Mathematics a, a-2, c, and b or d 3 units 

History 1 unit 

Science 1 unit 

Foreign Language 1 unit 

Total 12 units 

The remaining 2^4 units may be chosen from the following list. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 57 

Physical Culture is required of all students for which one-half 
unit credit may be given. 

OUTLINE OF COURSES 
First Year 

Latin a Beginners' Latin 5 hours 

English a English Grammar and Classics 4 hours 

Mathematics a Advanced Arithmetic 4 hours 

Mathematics a-2 First Year Algebra 4 hours 

tScience a Physical Geography 4 hours 

t Drawing 4 hours 

Second Year 

Latin b Caesar and Composition 4 hours 

English b Rhetoric and Classics 4 hours 

Mathematics c Plane Geometry 4 hours 

tHistory c ) Ancient History 4 hours 

t History d f 

tGeometrical Drawing 4 hours 

Third Year 

Latin c Cicero and Composition 4 hours 

English c American Literature and Classics 4 hours 

German a Beginner's German 4 hours 

Science c ) ( Biology I 

Science e ) ' [Elementary Chemistry J 

tHistory b English History 4 hours 

Senior Year 

Latin d f I Virgil and Composition 4 hours 

German b V ** J Second Year German 4 hours 

Greek a I | First Year Greek 5 hours 

Science d Elementary Physics 4 hours 

English d College Entrance Requirements 4 hours 

Mathematics b } Solid Geometry 



Mathematics d j" ** Second year Algebra * 

History a American History and Civics 4 hours 



t Elective. 

♦Required for graduates in Scientific Course. 

**Choose one. 



58 



DESCRIPTION OF COURSES 

ENGLISH 

a-i. English Grammar — Advanced. First Semester. Four hours. 

This course is required of all pupils who have not had high-school 
grammar. Weekly themes are required. Reading : Irving's Sketch 
Book and Cooper's The Last of the Mohicans. 

a-2. Composition and Rhetoric — .Second Semester. Four hours. 

Brooks' Composition and Rhetoric. .Book I. 

Theme work based on experience and assignments for reading. 
Reading: Scott's Ivanhoe, Coleridge's The Ancient Mariner, Shake- 
speare's The Merchant of Venice, Scott's Marmion. 

b. Composition and Rhetoric — Thruout the year. One year. 
Brooks' Composition and Rhetoric. Book I. 

Reading and Practice — Thruout the year. Three hours. 

George Eliot's Silas Mamer, Shakespeare's As You Like It, Addi- 
son and Steele's The De Coverly Papers, Dickens' A Tale of Two 
Cities, Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress, Goldsmith's The Vicar of Wake- 
Held. 

c. American Literature — Thruout the year. One hour. 
Newcomer's American Literature, rhetoric continued. 

Reading and Practice — Thruout the year. Two hours. 

Oral reading and careful study of Franklin's Autobiography, Haw- 
thorne's The House of Seven Gables, Hawthorne's Twice Told Tales, 
Shakespeare's Julius Caesar, Tennyson's Idylls of the King, Longfel- 
low 'siVarra^'w Poems, Poe's Poems and Tales, Whittier's Snowbound. 

Composition — Thruout the year. One hour. 

Weekly themes required. 

d. Composition and Rhetoric — Thruout the year. One hour. 
Brooks' Composition and Rhetoric, Book Two, concluded. Weekly 

themes required. 

English Literature — Thruout the year. One hour. 
Newcomer's English Literature. 

Reading and Practice — Critical study of the English classics pre- 
scribed for college entrance. 

Shakespeare's Macbeth, Milton's Minor Poems, Tennyson's The 
Princess, Washington's Farewell Address, Webster's Bunker Hill 
Oration, Carlyle's Essay on Burns. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 59 

LATIN 

The following Latin courses are arranged in accordance with the 
College Entrance Requirements. 

Latin a — Beginners' Latin. Throut the year. Five hours. One 
unit. 

Smith's Latin Lessons is completed. Special emphasis is placed on 
the memorizing and classification of grammatical forms. Constant 
practice in turning short sentences illustrating the fundamental rules 
of syntax into Latin is required. 

Latin b — Caesar. Thruout the year. Four hours. One unit. 

Caesar's Gallic Wars, Books I-IV. Thirty-six lessons in composi- 
tion based on the text with as much sight reading as possible is re- 
quired. Allen and Greenough's Latin Grammar. 

Latin c — Cicero. Thruout the year. Four hours. One unit. 
Cicero's Manilian Law, Cataline I-IV, and Pro Archais, D'Oge's 
Latin Composition, Allen and Greenough's Latin Grammar. 

Latin d — Virgil. Thruout the year. Four hours. One unit. 

Vergil's Aeneid I-VI, Bennet's Composition, Allen and Green- 
ough's Latin Grammar. 

Latin a, b, c, and d are required for admission to the Classical 
and Modern Language Courses of Lebanon Valley College. 

HISTORY 

History a — Thruout the year. Four hours. One unit. 

American History and Civics. Detailed Study of American His- 
tory with special attention to the History of the United States. The 
latter part of the year will be devoted to a consideration of national. 
State, and county government. 

This course is required of all candidates for graduation. 

History b — Thruout the year. Four hours. One unit. 
Walker's Essentials of English History. Offered 1918-1919. 

History c and d — Thruout the year. Four hours. One unit. 

Ancient History with special reference to Greek and Roman His- 
tory and including a short introductory study of the more ancient na- 
tions and the chief events of the early middle ages, down to the death 
of Charlemagne. Offered 1917-1918. 

GERMAN 

a Beginning German — Four hours. Thruout the year. One unit. 
Bacon's German Grammar, and the reading of 75 to 100 pages of 



60 BULLETIN 

graduated texts. Frequent reproduction from memory of sentences 
previously read. 

b Second Year German — Four hours. Thruout the year. One unit 
Oral and written reproduction of the matter read in easy varia- 
tions. 

From 150 to 200 pages of literature are selected from the follow- 
ing list: Heyse's L'Arrabbiata; Hillern's Hoecher als die Kirche ; 
Storm's Immensee ; Leander's Traeumerein, Zschokke's Der TLerbro- 
chene Krug ; Wilhelmi's Einer muss heiraten; Baumbach's Der Schwie- 
gersohn. 

MATHEMATICS 

Mathematics a — Arithmetic. Half-year. Four hours. One-half 
unit. 

Rapid but thoro review of all the fundamental processes. Special 
drill in fractions, mensuration, percentage, the metric system, and 
modern business forms. 

Hamilton's Arithmetic. 

Mathematics a-2 — Thruout the year. Five hours. One unit. 

Beginner's Algebra to quadratics. Williams and Kempthorne's 
Algebra. 

Mathematics b — Intermediate Algebra. Half-year. One-half unit. 

Second Year Algebra. This course must be offered for graduation 
by all candidates who do not offer Solid Geometry. 

Mathematics c — Plane Geometry. Four hours. One unit. 
Durell's New Plane and Solid Geometry. Taught largely from the 
standpoint of the original problems. 

This course is required for graduation. 

Mathematics d— Solid Geometry. Half -year. One-half unit. 
Durell's Solid Geometry. 

SCIENCE 

Science a — Physical Geography. Half-year. Four hours. One-half 
unit. 

Dryer's Physical Geography. The earth as a globe,' the ocean, the 
atmosphere, the land, plains, plateaus, mountains, volcanoes, rivers, 
glaciers, geological formations and ages. 

A summary of the relation of man, plants, and animals to climate, 
land forms, and oceanic areas. 

Science d — Elementary Physics. Thruout the year. One unit. 
Three hours recitation and two hours laboratory work per week. 
Mechanics of solids, liquids, and gases, heat, magnetism, electricity. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 61 

No previous knowledge of Physics is required for admission to 
this course. 

Reed and Henderson's High School Physics. Forty experiments 
as outlined in the National Physics Note Book Sheets are required in 
the laboratory. 

Science e — Elementary Chemistry. Thruout the year. One-half unit. 

Two hours recitation and four hours laboratory work. 

The aim of the course is to present Chemistry to the beginner in 
such a way as to enable him to grasp the fundamental principles and 
to help him to secure a working knowledge of the Science in tne 
laboratory. 

First Principles of Chemistry by Brownlee and others, and labora- 
tory exercises accompanying same. 

DRAWING 
Free Hand Drawing — Half-year. Four hours. One-half unit. 

Geometrical Drawing — Half-year. Four hours. One-half unit. 

Drawing of geometrical figures, reconstruction of figures to a 
given scale, construction of scales to any given unit, projection of 
plane and solid figures, etc. 

Morris' Geometrical Drawing. 

PHYSICAL CULTURE 

Academy Physical Culture. Two hours per week December 1 to 
April 1. Required of all preparatory students. 

SUB-PREPARATORY COURSE 

Sometimes students of mature age come to us not fully prepared 
to enter the Academy. They have for various reasons attended school 
for but a short time and find it embarrassing to enter the public 
schools with scholars so much younger than themselves. For these 
we make special provision whenever occasion demands. However, 
at least sixteen hours of regular Academy work is required. 

ELECTION OF STUDIES 

There is considerable room for election of courses that have a 
special value to students intending to specialize. 

The principal advises students what subjects are fundamental to 
professional and engineering courses. 



62 



FACTS TO BE CONSIDERED 

Although Academy students enjoy a number of the same features 
as college students, such as the use of an extended library, laboratories, 
the same social privileges, literary exercises, debates, Christian As- 
sociations, etc., they are in many respects an entirely separate student 
body. 

SCHOLARSHIP 

A one hundred and forty dollar scholarship is awarded each year 
to the Academy graduate who has, according to the vote of the Fac- 
ulty, attained the best class record and deported himself in accord- 
ance with the regulations. 



Conservatory of Music 
and Art 



CONSERVATORY OF MUSIC 

FACULTY 

E. EDWIN SHELDON, Mus. M. 
Pianoforte, Pipe Organ, Counterpoint 

IDA MANEVAL SHELDON, Mus. B. 
Pianoforte, Harmony 

GERTRUDE KATHERINE SCHMIDT 

Voice, Public School Music 

ORA BELLE BACHMAN, Mus. B. 
Pianoforte, Sight Playing 

RAY PORTER CAMPBELL, Mus. B. 
Pianoforte, Musical History, Ear Training 

ZELINE von BEREGHY 

Violin, 'Cello 

MARIAN E. HEMPT 
Painting, Draztnng 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 65 



LOCATION AND EQUIPMENT 

The Engle Music Hall is a handsome, three-story, stone structure. 
It contains a fine auditorium with large pipe-organ, director's room, 
studios, practice rooms waiting, and writing room for students' use, 
large society rooms, lavatories, etc. The whole building is lighted by 
electricity, and heated by steam, and designed and furnished with a 
view to having it complete in every respect for the study of music in 
all its branches. A complete musical education, from the very first 
steps to the highest artistic excellence, may be secured. The director 
will use every effort to obtain positions for those students who have 
finished the courses, and who may wish to teach or perform in public. 

OBJECT 

The department has for its object the foundation and diffusion of 
a high and thorough musical education. The methods used are those 
followed by the leading European conservatories. The courses are 
broad, systematic, progressive, and as rapid as possible. The con- 
servatory offers the means for a complete education in musical art 
at a moderate cost. 

DESCRIPTION OF COURSES 
I. 

Pianoforte 

The course in Pianoforte is divided into five divisions : Sub-Fresh- 
man, Freshman, Sophomore, Junior, and Senior. 

The course marked out, must, however, necessarily be varied ac- 
cording to the ability and temperament of the pupils. Many works 
must be studied by all, but there is much that may be esential for one 
student and not at all necessary for another. Individual instruction 
only is given. 

A system of technics is used that is in line with the most approved 
methods. Special attention is paid to the development of a true legato 
touch and a clear, smooth technique. The use of the pedal, so much 
neglected, is emphasized. At the same time expression and interpre- 
tation are not neglected. Technical and theoretical ability is worthless, 
except as it enables the performer to bring out the beauties and 
meaning of the composer. 

By a recent act of the Executive Board arrangements were made 
for a teacher to give instruction to children and others in the element- 
ary grades of the pianoforte course at a cost within the reach of all. 
This work will be carried on according to the methods in use in the 
leading Conservatories. 



66 



For such instruction, the rate of tuition will be thirty cents per les- 
son. This enrollment as a regular student of the Conservatory will 
entitle the student to all privileges of the institution. The advantages 
to be derived from appearing in recital classes, receiving instruction in 
stage deportment, as well as opportunities for hearing and associating 
with other music students, are certain to act as incentives to better, 
more conscientious work. 

Memorizing music is required of all students. It is a great acqui- 
sition to be able to perform a number of selections from memory. 

Sight Reading — This, although to a certain extent a natural gift, 
can be greatly improved by systematic work. One who can read well 
has all music at his command, while a poor reader has but the few 
pieces which may have been learned. 

Practice — Special effort is made to teach pupils how to practice. 
Difficult places are pointed out and the students are taught how to 
learn them in the quickest and most thorough manner. Quality is of 
more value than quantity in practice. 

Ensemble Playing — It is impossible to overestimate the value of 
thorough training in duet, trio, and quartet playing. Students are 
given drill in these as well as in accompaniment playing. 

II. 
The Voice 

Students contemplating work in this department should bear in 
mind two important facts ; first, that the natural ability to sing varies 
with every student, and secondly, that while the production of tone 
from any musical instrument is produced by artificial means, the ele- 
ments that go to make up the human voice are composed of flesh and 
blood, subject to the most delicate nervous impulses. 

Hence the course in the Study of Voice must be varied according 
to the needs of the individual, and the success of the pupil depends 
largely upon the sympathetic insight of the teacher and the sincere co- 
operation in mind as well as body on the part of the student. 

The old Italian method as shown in Marchesi's "Art of Singing" 
will be used, and exercises from other standard texts will be given to 
suit the needs of the individual student. 

III. 

Organ 

The churches of our country are making an increasing demand for 
well-trained organists. The organ is no longer looked upon as an in- 
strument solely for accompaniments and church use, but has taken its 
place among solo instruments and gained a distinct recognition from 
the music-loving public. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 67 

A large field, therefore, is open to the student of the organ. The 
work as outlined aims to provide a thorough training in all that per- 
tains to a mastery of the organ for church or concert use. A new 
three manual Moller pipe organ is used in the Conservatory. 

IV. 

The Violin 

Among the stringed instruments, the Violin stands as one of the 
oldest and has always been admired for its beautiful and thrilling 
strains. 

The musical possibilities within the compass of the violin are mar- 
velous and unexcelled by any other instrument. The best artists of 
the olden and modern times were skilled on the violin, and it appeals 
to those of the finest musical taste today. 

Nowhere in English literature do we find a nobler or more glowing 
tribute to the violin than is the little poem penned by our own immortal 
"Autocrat" where he places the violin among the highest order of 
musical instruments. 

V. 
Theoretical Music 

Theoretical studies are essential to rapid and comprehensive sight 
reading and to excellence in the higher grades of music. Good pedal- 
ing depends on a knowledge of harmony, and memorizing is greatly 
facilitated by it. 

An intelligent insight into the foundation, upon which rests the 
art of music, gives interest to the pupils in their playing and singing 
and makes them musicians, as well as performers. 

VI. 
SOLOIST'S AND TEACHER'S COURSES 

Two courses leading to the granting of the diplomas are offered. 
Both follow the same general course outlined on page 69. 

The Soloist's Course requires a satisfactory appearance in the 
annual recital by the Junior Class and an individual recital during 
the Senior year. 

The Teacher's Course is offered to those who wish to specialize 
for the teaching profession. Such pupils will be excused from the 
Junior and Senior recitals, but required to teach in the Normal depart- 
ment one hour per week for two years under the direction of a 
teacher of the Conservatory faculty in charge of such work. A 
Weekly Methods Class conducted by the teacher directing this depart- 
ment will bring to the attention of these student-teachers points 
where their teaching may be improved, and essential principles under- 
lying the work of the successful teacher. 



68 



Teaching in the Normal will begin in October and end on, or 
about May 1st. 

VII. 
PUBLIC SCHOOL MUSIC 

Realizing the demand for trained teachers of Public School Music, 
the Conservatory has for the past two years been offering a course 
for such work which requires two years for completion. 

The text used in the Methods class is that of Hollis Dann, Princi- 
pal of Public School Music at Cornell University. However other 
texts are studied and compared so that the graduates should be able 
to handle any course in Public School Music in use at the present 
time. 

Aside from this students have the advantage of doing teaching 
under supervision in the Annville Public Schools, thereby putting into 
practice the theoretical knowledge gained in the Methods class. 

Special attention is paid to the care of the child voice in singing 
which is such an essential feature of Public School Music. Candi- 
dates for this course must have completed a four year High School 
course or its equivalent. Positions are not guaranteed to graduates. 

VIII. 
A FOUR YEAR COURSE IN THE THEORY OF MUSIC 

The Conservatory diploma will be given for the satisfactory com- 
pletion, with no grade below 85 per cent, of the following subjects : 
Harmony — 3 semesters ; Musical History — 2 semesters ; Sight Sing- 
ing — 2 semesters ; Theory — 1 semester ; Musical Form — 1 semester ; Ear 
Training — 1 semester; Psychology of Music — 1 semester; Harmonic 
Analysis — 1 semester ; Simple Counterpoint — 1 semester ; Double 
Counterpoint — 1 semester ; Canon and Fugue — 2 semesters. The candi- 
date for graduation in the above course must have completed the 
Sophomore year in pianoforte to the satisfaction of the Conservatory 
faculty. 

COLLEGE CREDIT 

Credit will be given in the college department for the completion 
of courses in Harmony, Musical History and Counterpoint. Each 
course holds two one-hour recitations each week throughout the year. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 



69 



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HOW TO BECOME A "FULL COURSE STU- 
DENT" IN THE CONSERVATORY 
OF MUSIC 

To be a "full course student" in the Conservatory you will be re- 
quired to carry one solo subject (piano, voice, or organ) and two theo- 
retical branches, such as Harmony and Musical History. Two lessons, 
each one-half hour in length, are given each week in the solo subject. 
Classes in Harmony recite two hours per week. Classes in Musical 
History meet on alternate days for two hour-lessons per week. The 
coure in Harmony requires three semesters, while the course in Musi- 
cal History may be completed in one year. 

The "full course student" engages four practice hours daily 
throughout the year. 

One subject, such as German, French, or English, may be taken in 
the College or Academy by a "full course student" without additional 
charge. 

The "full course student" will find the tuition as follows : 
FIRST SEMESTER — Two lessons per week, as stated above 

Piano or Voice ...... .... .$27 00 

Harmony 13 00 

Musical History 13 00 

Piano Practice, 4 hours daily 10 00 

Matriculation Fee 8 00 

$71 00 
Voice or Piano added, 2 lessons per week. .. .$27.00 additional 

Organ, one lesson per week $18.00 additional 

Organ practice, one hour daily ......... .$10 or $20 additional 

SECOND SEMESTER — Rates and courses the same as first semester. 

CERTIFICATE 

Candidates for graduation by Certificate in pianoforte, pipe organ, 
or violin must have satisfactorily completed the full course in harmony, 
musical history and sight playing. 

Candidates for graduation by Certificate in voice must have satis- 
factorily completed the full course in harmony, musical history and 
sight singing. 

Graduation Fee for Certificate $5.00. 

DEGREE 

Requirements for Mus. B. Degree : 

Candidate must hold a diploma covering the course as outlined on 
page 69. 

Tn addition to the above, one year's work in Canon and Fugue, 2 



72 BULLETIN 

lessons per week, and one year's work in Original Composition. 2 
lessons per week, will be required. 
Fee for Degree, $10.00. 

THE SECOND "SOLO SUBJECT" 

Candidates for graduation by diploma or certificate in Piano shall 
have taken at least one year in voice, violin, or organ. For graduation 
in Voice, Violin, or Organ the student shall have at least Sophomore 
standing in piano. 

RECITALS AND MUSICAL ORGANIZATIONS 

Students' Evening Recitals. Each term recitals are given in which 
students, who have been prepared under the supervision of the instruc- 
tors, take part. These recitals furnish incentives to study and experi- 
ence in public performance. 

Students' Recital Class. Students who are not sufficiently advanced 
to appear in the Evening Recitals are given experience in public per- 
formance in the Students' Recital Class. These classes are not open 
to the public. Rules governing Concert Deportment are brought to 
the attention of the students and each performer shown what is ex- 
pected of him or her when before an audience. The result is a 
smoother and more satisfactory appearance in the Evening Recitals 
when assigned to such work. 

Artist Recitals. Not less important than the daily class room work 
is the opportunity afforded students of hearing the representative 
works of the great masters performed by artists of recognized ability 
of this and foreign countries. These recitals have met with favor 
among students and citizens. 

THE EURYDICE CLUB 

This Club for young women was organized three years ago, having 
for its object the study of standard choruses and choral works, pro- 
ducing the same at a Spring concert. The Club secures the assistance 
of one or more artists for this annual concert, and the public has 
learned to look forward to this event as one of the real musical treats 
of the college year. 

THE MEN'S GLEE CLUB 

The opportunity for a "try out" for membership in this organization 
is given every young man of the institution who possesses a singing 
voice. Rehearsals are conducted throughout the Fall months prepara- 
tory to filling a series of scheduled dates booked by a student mana- 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 73 

ger. Membership in this Club furnishes a musical training as well 
as social experience that is invaluable to the college man. 

TUITION 

PIANO, VOICE, OR VIOLIN 

First Semester 2 lessons per week $27 00 

First Semester 1 lesson per week 13 SO 

Second Semester 2 lessons per week 27 00 

Second Semester 1 lesson per week 13 SO 

SENIOR AND JUNIOR YEARS 
Piano, Voice, Violin, or Organ 

First Semester 2 lessons per week $36 00 

First Semester 1 lesson per week 18 00 

Second Semester 2 lessons per week 36 00 

Second Semester 1 lesson per week 18 00 

SUB-FRESHMAN AND FRESHMAN YEARS IN PIANO 

First Semester 2 lessons per week $10 80 

First Semester 1 lesson per week 5 40 

Second Semester 2 lessons per week 10 80 

Second Semester 1 lesson per week 5 40 

PIPE ORGAN 

First Semester 2 lessons per week $36 00 

First Semester 1 lesson per week 18 00 

Second Semester 2 lessons per week 36 00 

Second Semester 1 lesson per week 18 00 

HARMONY, MUSICAL HISTORY, EAR TRAINING, THEORY, 

HARMONIC ANALYSIS, MUSICAL FORM, PSYCHOLOGY 

OF MUSIC, PUBLIC SCHOOL METHODS, AND 

SIGHT SINGING 

First Semester 2 lessons (class) per week $13 00 

Second Semester 2 lessons (class) per week 13 00 

COUNTERPOINT, CANON, FUGUE, OR COMPOSITION 

First Semester ....2 lessons (class) per week $16 00 

Second Semester 2 lessons (class) per week 16 09 



74 



SIGHT PLAYING 
Junior Year 

First Semester 1 lesson (class) per week $5 00 

Second Semester 1 lesson (class) per week 5 00 

Senior Year 

First Semester 2 lessons (class) per week $10 00 

Second Semester 2 lessons (class) per week 10 00 

For the Junior year a charge of fifty cents each semester will be 
made for use of the Sight Playing Library. For the Senior year the 
rate will be seventy-five cents per semester. 

PIANO NORMAL METHODS CLASS 

First Semester 1 lesson (class) per week $5 00 

Second Semester 1 lesson (class) per week 5 00 

(October to April) 

RATES FOR PRACTICE PERIODS 

Piano, 1 hour daily, per semester $ 4 00 

Each additional hour, per semester 2 00 

Pipe Organ (College Chapel) 1 hour daily, per semester 20 00 

Pipe Organ (College Chapel) 2 hours per week, per sem 10 00 

Two Manual Practice Organ, 1 hour daily, per semester 10 00 

RULES AND REGULATIONS 

No reduction is made for absence from first two lessons of the 
the term, nor for a subsequent individual absence. In case of long 
continued illness the loss is shared equally by the College and the 
student. 

Pupils may enter at any time, but for convenience of grading the 
beginning of each semester is the most desirable time. 

In the case of holidays declared by the faculty, no lessons will 
be given or money refunded. 

All sheet music must be paid for when taken. 

Students are expected to consult the Director before arranging 
to take part in any public musical exercise outside of the regular work. 

No pupil is allowed to omit lessons without a sufficient cause. 

Reports showing attendance, practice, and improvement in grade 
will be issued at the close of each semester. 

For all further information as to any particular course, or com- 
bination of courses, rooms, boarding, etc., address 

DIRECTOR OF THE CONSERVATORY, 

Lebanon Valley College. 



ART DEPARTMENT 

COURSE OF STUDY FOR CERTIFICATE 

First Year — Sketching in pencil geometric solids and various 
objects. 

Memory and quick action drawing. 

Principles of Perspective. 

Pencil rendering. 

Brush drawing in ink. 

Elementary Design. 

Wash drawing including original composition of landscapes, 
marine scenes, etc. Also sketching flowers, vegetable forms, and 
leaves with relation to values, tones, etc. 

Second Year — Charcoal drawing from casts. 

Painting in water colors from groups of still life, interiors, decora- 
tive subjects, flowers, draperies, and out-of-door sketching. 
Theory and Harmony of color. 
Lettering. 

Third Year — Costume Sketch class — pose drawing. 
Painting in oils from still life and nature. 
•Water color. 
Historic Ornament. 
Study of the Master pieces of Painting and Sculpture. 

Teacher's Class — Principles and methods of drawing, lettering, 
brush work, water color, design and perspective. 

Saturday work is offered for teachers and children who cannot take 
work during the week. 

China Painting — Instructions are given in the latest methods of 
applying designs, which are original. The china is fired in the institu- 
tion, giving students an opportunity of learing how to fire their own 
China. 

THE CRAFTS 

Jewelry — Design and construction of same. Leather Tooling. 
Students desiring to graduate must complete two years of College 
English and History. 



76 



REGISTER OF STUDENTS 

Seniors 

Bachman, Esther Margie Annville, Pa. 

Boeshore, Harry F Lebanon, Pa. 

Boltz, Ammon L Lebanon, Pa. 

Brunner, Evan C Myersville, Md. 

Carter, Christine E. Meshoppen, Pa. 

Clark, Pauline Hershey, Pa. 

Colt, Hilda Meshoppen, Pa. 

Dasher, Katherine E. Harrisburg, Pa. 

De Huff, George A. Royersford, Pa. 

Donohue, Joseph Shamokin, Pa. 

Fink, David R. Annville, Pa. 

Foreman, Harry H. Hershey, Pa. 

Garver, Mary E. Lebanon, Pa. 

Gonder, Ralph Lykens, Pa. 

Gregory, David Martinsburg, W. Va. 

Hallman, George Annville, Pa. 

Hand, Naomi W. Philadelphia, Pa. 

Harris, E. Kathryn Harrisburg, Pa. 

Heffelman, Ruth Helen New Cumberland, Pa. 

Henry, A. Louise Annville, Pa. 

Herring, John Pine Grove, Pa. 

Henninger, E. J. Pine Grove, Pa. 

Horstick, Charles B. Campbelltown, Pa. 

Huber, Ruth Hershey Williamson, Pa. 

Hummel, J. Paul Hummelstown, Pa. 

Kratzer, Clayton C. Middleburg, Pa. 

Lefever, Rufus H. York, Pa. 

Long, Abram M. Mt. Joy, Pa. 

Longenecker, C. R. Palmyra, Pa. 

Loomis, Charles H. Harrisburg, Pa. 

Mutch, M. Ella Ephrata, Pa. 

Risser, Harold W. Campbelltown, Pa. 

Rupp, Russell Harrisburg, Pa. 

Rutherford, Joseph D. Royalton, Pa. 

Schaeffer, Harry E. Avon, Pa. 

Sherk, A. Herman Annville, Pa. 

Showers, Nettie Connellsville, Pa. 

Spitler, Harry D. Lebanon, Pa. 

Umberger, LeRoy O. Hummelstown, Pa. 

Wagner, Paul S Hershey, Pa. 

Wenrich, Martin E. Hummelstown, Pa. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 77 

White, E. Harold Winsted, Conn. 

Williams, E. D. Eutonville, S. C. 

Williams, R. Walp York, Pa. 

Wolfe, Violet I. Lebanon, Pa. 

Woomer, Elizabeth Lebanon, Pa. 

Ziegler, Edwin Harold Elizabethville, ^a. 

Juniors 

Atticks, Robert M. Steelton, Pa. 

Beidler, Ada May Lehighton, Pa. 

Bender, E. E. Annville, Pa. 

Bender, Ruth Dillsburg, Pa. 

Berger, John L. Columbia, Pa. 

Bortz, Emma Lebanon, Pa. 

Brown, Myrl Rouzerville, Pa. 

Bucher, Norman B. Mechanicsburg, Pa. 

Case, Flora Lewis Canton, Pa. 

Deitrich, LeRoy S. Palmyra, Pa. 

Engle, Marguerite Harrisburg, Pa. 

Fink, Homer Annville, Pa. 

-\Foltz, Thomas Ellwood City, Pa. 

Frost, Charles Lebanon, Pa. 

Gallatin, M. Elizabeth Annville, Pa. 

Gamble, Merab Jersey Shore, Pa. 

Garber, Dale W. Florin, Pa. 

Gemmill, Charles W. Windsor, Pa. 

Gemmill, Edgil York, Pa. 

Grube, Ray Lititz, Pa. 

Haverstick, George M. = New Cumberland, Pa. 

Hoover, Helen Chambersburg, Pa. 

Hostetter, Herman Cleona, Pa. 

Isaac, William High Forty Fort, Pa. 

Jackowick, Joseph Anthony Mt. Carmel, Pa. 

Kratzer, Ernest P. Middleburg, Pa. 

Keibler, Reno E Annville, Pa. 

Keim, Raymond N. Enhaut, Pa. 

Kennedy, Coleman Herbert Palmyra, Pa. 

*<Kickline, Ellwood Bangor, Pa. 

Klinefelter, Claude B. Cleona, Pa. 

Lorenz, Dorothy A. Roaring Spring, Pa. 

Loser, Ruth K. Progress, Pa. 

Lynch, Clyde A. Harrisburg, Pa. 

Martin, William Rouzerville, Pa. 

McCauley, Reno E. Annville, Pa. 



78 BULLETIN 

McConel, William W. Portage, Pa. 

Mease, Ralph T. Palmyra, Pa. 

Morrison, S. Franklin Palmyra, Pa. 

Ness, Rufus R. York, Pa, 

Nissley, Raymond Mt. Joy, Pa. 

Peck, W. Daniel Chambersburg, Pa. 

Potter, Norman Wellsburg, W. Va. 

Rarig, Lester G. Catawissa, Pa. 

Ruth, Kathryn O. Sinking Spring, Pa. 

Schak, Helen M. Lebanon, Pa. 

Shannon, Carl Millersville, Pa. 

Shannon, Paul Millersville, Pa. 

Shettel, Paul O. York, Pa. 

Simon, Adam Isaac Schaefferstown, Pa. 

Sloat, Ralph L. Rockport, Pa. 

Smith, Florence O. Dallastown, Pa. 

Smith, E. Mae Annville, Pa. 

Snavely, Earl Ramey, Pa. 

Snoke, Hubert R. Shippensburg, Pa. 

Swartz. Ross Hummelstown, Pa. 

Swartz, William K. Middletown, Pa. 

Walter, Daniel E. Lebanon, Pa. 

Walter, LeRoy Sunbury, Pa. 

Williams, Louisa I. York, Pa. 

Wingerd, Mark Chambersburg, Pa. 

Wrightstone, Harold K. Mechanicsburg, Pa. 

Yetter, Harry S. Stevens, Pa. 

Yingst, William Paul Lebanon, Pa. 

Zeigler, Helen York, Pa. 

Zerbe, A. W. Tremont, Pa. 

Sophomores 

Adams, Thomas Sunbury, Pa. 

Allen, Edward Pomf ret, Conn. 

Attinger, Frank Port Treverton, Pa. 

Bachman, Susan Lebanon, Pa. 

Baker, Benj. P. Strasburg, Va. 

Batdorf, Lottie Womelsdorf, Pa. 

Beckley, Howard Lebanon, Pa. 

Bechtold, Warren Reading, Pa. 

Bender, Ruth Dillsburg, Pa. 

Beidel, F. D. Steelton, Pa. 

Blauch, Harry Annville, Pa. 

Blauch, Morris Annville, Pa. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 79 

Bossard, Ada M. Annville, Pa. 

Bouder, Norman M. Lebanon, Pa. 

Boughter, Isaac F. Pine Grove, Pa. 

Boyer, Emma I. Reading, Pa. 

Bubb, Helen Jersey Shore, Pa. 

Bunderman, Walter Lebanon, Pa. 

Castetter, Edward Shamokin, Pa. 

Creighton, Mary Altoona, Pa. 

Darcas, Luella Lebanon, Pa. 

Deibler, Walter E. Millersburg, Pa. 

Dundore, Samuel Mt. Aetna, Pa. 

Early, Martha E. Palmyra, Pa. 

Evans, William Lykens, Pa. 

Fasnacht, Anna B. Palmyra, Pa. 

Fencil, Elizabeth Annville, Pa. 

Fulford, John Clearfield, Pa. 

Geyer, Harvey K. Florin, Pa. 

Gingrich, Kathryn Lickdale, Pa. 

Gingrich, H. M. Florin, Pa. 

Greenawalt, Owen P. Mt. Joy, Pa. 

Haines, Ruth Philadelphia, Pa. 

Hastings, Edgar C. Highspire, Pa. 

Heberlig, Raymond S. Highspire, Pa. 

Hilbert, Paul E. Allentown, Pa. 

Horn, Charles Red Lion, Pa. 

Hughes, Ruth York, Pa. 

Imboden, J. Nissley Hershey, Pa. 

Jones, Lucia Lebanon, Pa. 

Kachel, W. H. Jonestown, Pa. 

Katerman, Harry W. Reinerton, Pa. 

Keating, William Rome, N. Y. 

Kline, Frankie Tower City, Pa. 

Lenhart, Miriam New Cumberland, Pa. 

Lerew, J. A. Dillsburg, Pa. 

Light, A. H. Lebanon, Pa. 

Lutz, Mary S. Chambersburg, Pa. 

Mackert, C. LeRoy Sunbury, Pa. 

Mark, Violet Annville, Pa. 

McLaughlin York, Pa. 

McGinnes, John A. Littlestown, Pa. 

Miller, Carrie A. Waynesboro, Pa. 

Moore, Mabel Lancaster, Pa. 

Peiff er, L. Wilson Myerstown, Pa. 



80 



Ramsey, Homer . Lemasters, Pa. 

Rupp, Paul Harrisburg, Pa. 

Schach, Mary Philadelphia, Pa. 

Schmidt, Martha V. Lebanon, Pa. 

Secrist, Elena Churchville, Va. 

Shetter, C. A York, Pa. 

Snavely, Francis Ramey, Pa. 

Snyder, Rufus Manheim, Pa. 

Snyder, Grace Boiling Springs, Pa. 

Stumbangh, E. M. Greencastle, Pa. 

Tschudy, Earl H. Lebanon, Pa. 

W agner, Arthur V. Hershey, Pa. 

Weidler, Edna M. Cherry Creek, N. Y. 

Wine, Harold Wilmington, Del. 

Wingerd, Ray Chambersburg, Pa. 

Ziegler, Jesse O. Elizabethville, Pa. 

Freshmen 

Aungst, Ethel Hummelstown, Pa. 

Bachman, Earl Annville, Pa. 

Baker, Harry P. Shippensburg, Pa. 

Balsbaugh, William Swatara Station, Pa. 

Barnhart, Thomas Bellwood, Pa. 

Barto, Kathryn Lawn, Pa. 

Batdorf, Charles Fredericksburg, Pa. 

Behney, Bessie Fredericksburg, Pa. 

Baynes, Arthur Rome, N. Y. 

Bechtold, Caleb Avon, Pa. 

Butler, Frank Reading, Pa. 

Cooper, Raymond C. Pottstown, Pa. 

Copeland, Earl Mountville, Pa. 

Costello, Eugene Hazelton, Pa. 

Croman, Ruth A. Hughesville, Pa. 

DeHoff, Clyde Littlestown, Pa. 

Donmoyer, William Cleona, Pa. 

Durburow, Harry R. Highspire, Pa. 

Ehrhart, Russell R. Highspire, Pa. 

Evans, Ruth Lebanon, Pa. 

Fink, Esther Annville, Pa. 

Fishburn, Harvey Ephrata, Pa. 

Gingrich, Earl Lebanon, Pa. 

Gingrich, Jacob Palmyra, Pa. 

Goff, Floyd H Danville, 111. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 81 

Groff, Edward Quarryville, Pa. 

Hagy, Solomn Schoeneck, Pa. 

Haines, Henry Red Lion, Pa. 

Hartman, Charles C. Rouzerville, Pa. 

Hastings, Edgar Highspire, Pa. 

Heffley, Harvey Schaefferstown, Pa. 

Hiney, Helen Jersey Shore, Pa. 

Hoffman, Ruth V. Lebanon, Pa. 

Hohl, Mae Pitman, Pa. 

•Holden, Harry E. . . .' Philadelphia, Pa. 

Houser, Sadie Annville, Pa. 

Krall, Howard Avon, Pa. 

Koslek, William J. Maltby, Pa. 

Lefever, Myrtle York, Pa. 

Larew, Ethel A. Dillsburg, Pa. 

Light, Elsie M. Lebanon, Pa. 

Light, Sara M Lebanon, Pa. 

Light, Mervin P. Annville, Pa. 

Mauffair, Helena Lebanon, Pa. 

McCauley, Ruby Annville, Pa. 

Miller, Raymond Palmyra, Pa. 

Morrison, Miles Palmyra, Pa. 

Morrow, Robert B. Duncannon, Pa. 

Murphy, John Rome, N. Y. 

Mutch, Verna A. Ephrata, Pa. 

Oliver, J. E. Martinsburg, W. Va. 

Price, Wm. Chambersburg, Pa. 

Ressler, Barton C. Allentown, Pa. 

Rothermel, Pearl Lebanon, Pa. 

Rupp, Ethel Harrisburg, Pa. 

Saylor, Myrl Annville, Pa. 

Schwalm, Stamford Pin e Grove Pa. 

Sebastian, Jennie Reading, Pa. 

Seltzer, James Middletown, Pa. 

Sherk, Cyrus B. Annville, Pa. 

Shirk, Violet E. McAllisterville, Pa. 

Simondette, A. C. Philadelphia, Pa. 

Smith, E. Virginia Reading, Pa. 

Snavely, Evelyn L. Ramey, Pa. 

Snyder, Myrtle E. Robesonia, Pa. 

Spessard, Orville, T. E. Waterford, Pa. 

Strevy, Beatrice New Albany, Pa. 

Stine, C. H. Ft. Hunter, Pa. 



82 



Strine, Huber D. Manchester, Pa. 

Thornton, Miles Harrisburg, Pa. 

Troup, Geo. E. Harrisburg, Pa. 

Wagner, Herman Union Deposit, Pa. 

Whittle, Myrtle M. Hershey, Pa. 

Zeitlin, Dora Lehighton, Pa. 

Zerbe, Hobson M. Myerstown, Pa. 

Ziegler, William Harrisburg, Pa. 

Special Students 

Anderson, Edward Philadelphia, Pa. 

Bauder, Miriam Elizabethville, Pa. 

Dunkel, Mildred R. Lucknow, Pa. 

Durbin, Frances Ramey, Pa. 

Fake, Norman I. Annville, Pa. 

Hocker, Harry J Hershey, Pa. 

Huber, William Lebanon, Pa. 

Jaeger, Gideon Philadelphia, Pa. 

Kennedy, William Palmyra, Pa. 

Klopp, Lewis Richland, Pa. 

Lynn, Horace Clearfield, Pa. 

Maxton, Frank V Columbia, Pa. 

Muselman, Mrs. J. F. Lebanon, Pa. 

Wagner, M. A. Lebanon, Pa. 

Weaver, Elta Annville, Pa. 

Students in other departments taking work in College 8 

Academy Students 

Athanasian, H. N. Ismid, Turkey 

Arminian, Alvaro L. Camaguey, Cuba 

Bomberger, Ruth Palmyra, Pa. 

Behm, Ellen E. Palmyra, Pa. 

Buckwalter, Russell M. Portage, Pa. 

Burtner, Robert R. Palmyra, Pa. 

Caballero, Abelardo Philadelphia, Pa. 

Canoles, William S Parkton, Md. 

Clay, George B. Quincy, Pa. 

Cretzinger, John I. Duncannon, Pa. 

Dupes, Voyle, Middletown, Pa. 

Engle, Harold, E. Palmyra, Pa. 

Fencil, Calvin F. Annville, Pa. 

Forsburg, Canute H. Patton, Pa. 

Goodyear, William F Sunbury, Pa. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 83 

Gorton, Albert Bradford, Pa. 

Gundrun, Myrtle Lebanon, Pa. 

Hartman, Herbert H. Wilseyville, Pa. 

Hummel, Daniel W. Y. Clearfield, Pa. 

Hummer, Charles L. West Hanover, Pa. 

Kernan, James L. Rome N. Y. 

Kirkeby, Solon W r Lowell, Mass. 

Kohler, William F. _ Fayetteville, Pa. 

Kreider, Katherine P. Palmyra, Pa. 

Landis, Harold U. • Palmyra, Pa. 

Looker, Samuel W., Jr. Harrisburg, Pa. 

Martz, E. Warren Palmyra, Pa. 

Meyer, Sarah L. Lebanon, Pa. 

Moren, Miguel J. Philadelphia, Pa. 

McCarty, Francis Shamokin, Pa. 

Ozar, Jack Annville, Pa. 

Poorman, Tyrell H. Highspire, Pa. 

Reynolds, Lloyd R. Quincy, Pa. 

Riha, Anthony J Easton, Pa. 

Rhoad, Edwin M. Grantville, Pa. 

Shearer, John O. Palmyra, Pa. 

Snader, Caleb Ephrata, Pa. 

Spangler, Roy W. Palmyra; Pa. 

Speilman, Allen C. Waynesboro, Pa. 

Stahl, George L. Sunbury, Pa. 

Wheelock, Joel West Depew, Wis. 

Winneshiek, William P Black River Falls, Wis. 

Students regularly matriculated in the Academy 42 

Students from other departments receiving instruction in the 

Academy 48 

Total students in Academy 90 



CONSERVATORY OF MUSIC 

SENIORS 

Arnold, J. Frederick, (Mus. B Degree) Lebanon, Pa. 

Batdorf, A. Luella, (Mus. B) Lancaster, Pa. 

Dare, Julia Rachel, (Piano) Harrisburg, Pa. 

Kettering, Fleeda Marie, ( Piano) Palmyra, Pa. 

Linebaugh, Percy Mathias, (Organ and Mus. B) York, Pa. 

Oyer, Miriam Rhea, (Public School Music) Shippensburg, Pa. 

Strickler, Ethel May, (Voice) Lebanon, Pa. 



84 BULLETIN 

JUNIORS 

Batdorf, Arabelle, (Public School Music) Annville, Pa. 

Boeshore, Florence M., (Piano) Lebanon, Pa. 

Dare, Julia Rachael, ( Organ) Harrisburg, Pa. 

Greer, Goodridge M., (Piano) York, Pa. 

*Henry, A. Louise, (Public School Music) Annville, Pa. 

Kettering, Fleeda M., (Voice) Palmyra, Pa. 

Lindsay, M. Jane, (Piano Teacher's Course) Newville, Pa. 

Oyer, Miriam Rhea, (Voice) Shippensburg, Pa. 

Rhoads, Irma M., (Piano and Organ) Chambersburg, Pa. 

Richards, Florence M., (Theory) Lebanon, Pa. 

Richwine, Marie Blossom, (Piano and Organ) Ephrata, Pa. 

Tittle, Edna, ( Piano Teacher's Course) Lebanon, Pa. 

Wengert, Sara, (Public School Music) Lebanon, Pa. 

Noll, Ruth R., (Piano Teacher's Course) Hershey, Pa. 

SOPHOMORES 

Bordner, Esther Rebecca, (Piano) Fredericksburg, Pa. 

Harrison, Madeline, (Voice) Lebanon, Pa. 

Herr, Delia, (Piano) '. Annville, Pa. 

Keeney, Martha, ( Piano) Hershey, Pa. 

Keiper, Miriam, (Piano) Allentown, Pa. 

Landgraf, Helen, (Voice) Lebanon, Pa. 

Nihiser, Neva Beryl, (Piano and Voice) Hagerstown, Md. 

Phillippy, Florence, ( Piano) Jonestown, Pa. 

*Saylor, Myrle, (Piano) Annville, Pa. 

Stine, Josephine, ( Piano) Annville, Pa. 

Walborn, Carrie, ( Piano) Lebanon, Pa. 

Witmeyer, Emma, (Organ) Annville, Pa. 

Gingrich, Mrs. H. M. (Organ) Lebanon, Pa. 

FRESHMEN AND SPECIALS 

Auchenbach, Daniel L. Lebanon, Pa. 

Brown Belle O., Annville, Pa. 

Bachman, Fao Annville, Pa. 

Bachman, Hilda Annville, Pa. 

*Bachman, Esther Annville, Pa. 

Barger, Elsie Annville, Pa. 

♦Bossard, Ada Annville, Pa. 

Brubaker, Mark A. Colebrook, Pa. 

Colby, P. R., Cleona, Pa. 

Daugherty, Carl Annville, Pa. 

Daugherty, Paul Annville, Pa. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 85 

Daugherty, Eva Annville, Pa. 

Daugherty, Pauline Annville, Pa. 

DeLong, Elizabeth Annville, Pa. 

Depew, Leroy Lebanon, Pa. 

*Durborow, Harry Highspire, Pa. 

Dullabahn, Serena Lebanon, Pa. 

Ehrhart, Brandt Palmyra, Pa. 

Fry, Lucina Annville, Pa. 

Fry, Esther Annville, Pa. 

Fry, Kathryn Annville, Pa. 

Gregory, Thelma Annville, Pa. 

Graybil, Mrs. Robert Annville, Pa. 

Gingerich, Harry M., Lebanon, Pa. 

Gingerich, John Lebanon, Pa. 

*Hawthorne, Myrtle Bainbridge, Pa. 

Haines, Mary Red Lion, Pa. 

Harnish, Mrs. Edith Annville, Pa. 

Herr, Meyer Annville, Pa. 

Herr Harold Annville, Pa. 

*Hiney, Helen Jersey Shore, Pa. 

Heimbach Marie Annville, Pa. 

*Hilbert Paul Allentown, Pa. 

Houser, Hilda Annville, Pa. 

Houser, Mabel Lebanon, Pa. 

Kettering Josephine Annville, Pa. 

Kettering Elizabeth Annville, Pa. 

Kettering, Abigail Annville, Pa. 

Kettering, Esther Annville, Pa. 

Kennedy, Hattie May Palmyra; Pa. 

*Kreider, Kathryn Palmyra, Pa. 

*Keiser, Harry Ravine, Pa. 

Laudermilch, Hilda Palmyra, Pa. 

*Lorenz, Dorothy Roaring Springs, Pa. 

*Lutz, Mary Chambersburg, Pa. 

Mader, Lillie Annville, Pa. 

*Morrison, Myles Steelton, Pa. 

*Moyer, Ellen West Hanover, Pa. 

McNelley, Edna Annville, Pa. 

Mengel, Miriam Hummelstown, Pa. 

Milliard, Bennie Annville, Pa. 

Quigley, Eva Palmyra, Pa. 

Reber, John Fredericksburg, Pa. 

Reber, Mark Fredericksburg, Pa. 

Roemig, Madie Annville, Pa. 



86 



BULLETIN 



Roemig, Margaret Annville, Pa. 

Saylor, Gardner Annville, Pa. 

Speraw, Eva Annville, Pa. 

Schaum, Myles Lebanon, Pa. 

Sholly, Margaret Annville, Pa. 

Sholly, Dorothy Annville, Pa. 

Stine, Greta Annville, Pa. 

Silberman, Lena Lebanon, Pa. 

Silberman, Minnie Lebanon, Pa. 

Strickler, Beatrice Lebanon, Pa. 

Smith, M. Grace Lebanon, Pa. 

Smith, Ida M. Annville, Pa. 

Snavely, Kathryn Palmyra, Pa. 

Schott, Ella Lebanona, Pa. 

Walter, Helen Annville, Pa. 

*Wolf, Violet Lebanon, Pa. 

Zerbe, Verna Fredericksburg, Pa. 

*Zeigler, Jesse Elizabethville, Pa. 



* Taking work in other departments. 

Total registration in private lessons 104 

Receiving instruction, but not registered for private lessons 36 

Total 140 



STUDENTS IN ORATORY 

SENIOR 

*Harris, Kathryn E. Harrisburg, Pa. 

SPECIAL 

*Beidler, Ada M. Lehighton, Pa. 

*Berger, John L. Columbia, Pa. 

*Brubaker, Mark Colebrook, Pa. 

*Case, Flora Lewis Canton, Pa. 

*Clark, Pauline Hershey, Pa. 

*Fink, David R., Annville, Pa. 

*Haverstock, George M. New Cumberland, Pa. 

Hawthorne, Myrtle Bainbridge, Pa. 

*Heffleman, Ruth H. New Cumberland, Pa. 

Hoff, Rena Mt. Wolf, Pa. 

*Houser, Sadie Annville, Pa. 

*Huber, Ruth H. Williamson, Pa. 

*Katerman, Harry W. Reinerton, Pa. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 87 

*Kratzer, Clayton C. Middleburg, Pa. 

*Kreider, Kathryn Palmyra, Pa. 

*Long, Abram M. Mt. Joy, Pa. 

*Longnecker, C. R. Palmyra, Pa. 

*Lorenze, Dorothy A. Roaring Springs, Pa. 

*Mark, Violet K. Annville, Pa. 

*McConel, William W. Portage, Pa. 

McGovern, Edith Lebanon, Pa. 

*Ness, Rufus R. Yoe, Pa. 

:lc Rarig, Lester G. Catawissa, Pa. 

Risser, Blanche Campbelltown, Pa. 

*Schaak, Helen E. Lebanon, Pa. 

Shenk, Lucile Annville, Pa. 

*Showers, Nettie Connellsville, Pa. 

*Smith, Florence Dallastown, Pa. 

Stine, Kathryn Annville, Pa. 

^Walter, Daniel Lebanon, Pa. 

*White, E. Harold Winsted, Conn. 

*Wolf, Florence Lebanon, Pa. 

Regular students in Oratory 6 

Students matriculated in other departments 27 

Total receiving instruction in Oratory 33 

ART STUDENTS 

Bomberger, Margie Palmyra, Pa. 

Buffamoyer, D. A. Lebanon, Pa. 

Gingrich, Russell Palmyra, Pa. 

*Hoff, Rena Mt. Wolfe, Pa. 

*Keizer, Harry Pine Grove, Pa. 

Kettering, Violet Annville, Pa. 

* Loser, K. Ruth Progress, Pa. 

Mark, Rhoda Lebanon, Pa. 

Messersmith, Mrs. H. E. Palmyra, Pa. 

*Moyer, Ellen West Hanover, Pa. 

Page, Flora Lebanon, Pa. 

Seltzer, Lucy Lebanon, Pa. 

* Weaver, Elta Annville, Pa. 

* Taking work in other departments. 

Regular students in the Art Department 8 

Students taking work in other departments 5 

Total in the Art Department 13 



88 BULLETIN 

DEGREES CONFERRED JUNE 16, 1916 

DOCTOR OF DIVINITY 

Rev. E. O. Burtner, A. M., B. D. Palmyra, Pa. 

Rev. A. R. Clippinger, A. M., B. D. Dayton, Ohio 

Rev. Harry E. Miller, A. M. Lebanon, Pa. 

Rev. L. W. Stall, A. B. Trafford, Pa. 

DOCTOR OF LAWS 

Prof. S. D. Faust, A. M. Dayton, Ohio. 

Dr. S. Z. Shope, A. M., M. D. Harrisburg, Pa. 

MASTER OF ARTS 
Prof. Samuel O. Grimm, A. B. Annville, Pa. 



BACHELOR OF ARTS 



Beaverson, Naomi D. 
Bergdoll, Mary A. 
Black, Blanche Violet 
Blauch, Victor R. 
Bodenhorn, Ellwood S. 
Crabill, Ralph E. 
Curry, Conrad K. 
Dando, Harry S. 
Daugherty, Mary L. 
Daugherty, Myrtle E. 
Deitzler, C. J. 
Detter, David F. 
Ernst, Ira S. 
Evans, David J. 
Gingrich, Ruth A. 
Gruber, E. Viola 
Hartz, Robert E. 
Heintzelman, Esther 
Heintzelman, S. Huber 
Hollinger, Joseph K. 
Holzinger, Charles H. 
Innerst, J. Stuart 
Kleffman, Albert Henry 
Krcider, Emma M. 



Light, Raymond H. 
Light, V. Earl 
Long, D. Mason 
Long, John 
March, James G. 
Mathias, Josephine S. 
McNelly. Willis E. 
Mickey, Wm. E. 
Moll, Richard M. 
Moyer, Esther K. 
Myers, Margaret E 
Miller, Nancy Margaret 
Oyler, Helen E. 
Shearer, Frank S. 
Shenberger, Jacob F. 
Shonk, Alvin E. 
Snyder, Addie 
Stambach, C. Guy 
Stine, F. L. 
Taylor, Ruth M. 
Wareheim, Esta 
Whiskeyman, Ruth M. 
Witmeyer, Paul E. 
Zuse, Clayton H. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 89 

BACHELOR OF SCIENCE 

Pugh, David B. Carl, William C. 

Von Bereghy, Marcel 

ACADEMY DIPLOMAS PRESENTED JUNE 10, 1916 

Hastings, Edgar C. Baker, Harry P. 

Sherk, Violet E. Fake, Norman I. 

Lynch, Clyde A. Seltzer, James H. 

Mulhollen, Oscar C. 

Lebanon Valley Scholarship Award 
Hastings, Edgar C. 



FORMER ERRORS 

Catalog January 1916 page 85 under the head BACHELOR OF 
ARTS ought to appear the name Larene Engle. 

Catalog January 1915 page 76 under the head SENIORS ought to 
appear the name Emma R. Schmauck. 

. Catalog January 1915 page 87 under the head BACHELOR OF 
ARTS ought to appear the name of Frank D. Keboch. 

SUMMARY 

COLLEGE 

Seniors 47 

Juniors 66 

Sophomores 71 

Freshmen 76 

Specials 15 

Total in College 275 

College 275 

Academy 42 

Music 140 

Oratory 33 

Art 13 

Total in all departments 501 

Names repeated in Music, Oratory and Art 84 

Total enrollment 419 



INDEX 



Absences 15 

Academy 53 

Admission 55 

Courses 56 

Examinations 55 

Expenses 56 

Faculty 54 

Students in 82 

Advisers 14 

Art Department 75 

Astronomy 41 

Bible 44 

Biology 44 

Board of Trustees 4 

Buildings and Grounds 11 

Calendar 3 

Carnegie Library 11 

Chapel 16 

Chemistry '. 46 

College Organizations 12 

Corporation 4 

Courses, College 

Outline of 33 

Description of 37 

Degrees Conferred 88 

Degrees and Diploma 16 

Discipline 14 

Economics 40 

Education 37 

English Language and Literature 42 

Expenses, College 18 

Academy 56 

Department of Music 73 

Department of Art 75 



Faculty, College 6 

Academy 54 

Department of Music 64 

French Language and Literature 42 

General Information 11 

German Language and Literature 41 

Graduate Work 16 

Greek Language and Literature 43 

Geology 48 

History 39 

History of the College 8 

Laboratories 12 

Latin Language and Literature 38 

Limitation 16 

Mathematics 40 

Music Department 63 

Courses 65 

Oratory and Public Speaking 49 

Philosophy 37 

Physics 48 

Physical Culture 49 

Political Science 39 

Religious Work 12 

Register of Students, College 76 

Academy 82 

Department of Music 83 

Department of Art 87 

Registration 15 

Requirements for Admission, College 22 

Academy 55 

Schedule of Lecture and Recitation Hours 32 

Scholarships 16 

Sociology 41 



L