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Full text of "Lebanon Valley College Catalog"

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Lebanon Valley College 

BULLETIN 



Vol. 6 (New Series) April 24, 1 9 1 8 



No 16 



Fifty-first Annual Catalog 
Number 



PUBLISHED BY 

LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

ANNVILLE, PA. 



Entered as second-class matter February 26, 1918, under the act of August 24, 1912. 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2011 with funding from 

LYRASIS Members and Sloan Foundation 



http://www.archive.org/details/lebanonvalley191718leba 



Lebanon Valley College 

BULLETIN 

Vol. 6 (New Series) April 24, 1918 No 16 



Fifty-first Annual Catalog 
Number 



PUBLISHED BY 

LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

ANNVILLE, PA. 



1918 





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COLLEGE CALENDAR 



1917—1918 



Sept. 17-18 
September 19 
November 23 
November 29 
December 21 
January 2 
Jan. 23-25 
March 28 
April 2 
April 12 
May 3 
May 13-17 
May 19 
May 19 

May 20 
May 20 

May 21 
May 22 



Monday-Tuesday 

Wednesday 9:00 a. m. 

Friday 

Tuesday 

Wednesday 4:00 p. m. 

Wednesday 9:00 a. m. 

Wednesday to Friday 

Thursday 4:00 p. m. 

Tuesday 9:00 a. m. 

Friday 

Friday 

Monday to Friday 

Sunday 10:30 a. m. 

Sunday 7:30 p. m. 

Monday 11:00 a. m. 
Monday 7:45 p. m. 

Tuesday 2:00 p. m. 
Wednesday 10:00 a. m. 



Examination and registration of students. 

College year began. 

Clionian Literary Society Anniversary. 

Thanksgiving recess began. 

Christmas recess began. 

Christmas recess ended. 

Mid-year examinations. 

Easter recess begins. 

Easter recess ends. 

Anniversary Kalozetean Literary Society. 

Anniversary Philokosmian Literary Society. 

Final Examinations. 

Baccalaureate sermon. 

Annual address before Christian Associa- 
tion. 

Annual meeting of Board of Trustees. 

Exercises by the graduating classes in Mu- 
sic and Oratory. 

Class Day exercises. 

Fifty-first annual Commencement. 



1918—1919 



Sept. 16-17 
September 18 
November 22 
November 28 
December 20 
January 2 
Jan. 20-24 
April 17 
April 22 
May 18 
May 21 



Monday to Tuesday 

Wednesday 9:00 a. m. 

Friday 

Thursday 

Friday 4:00 p. m. 

Wednesday 1 :00 p. m. 

Monday to Friday 

Thursday 4:00 p. m. 

Tuesday 

Sunday 10:30 a. m. 

Wednesday 10:00 a. m. 



Examination and registration of students. 

College year begins. 

Anniversary Clionian Literary Society. 

Thanksgiving Day. 

Christmas recess begins. 

Christmas recess ends. 

Mid-year examinations. 

Easter recess begins. 

Easter recess ends. 

Baccalaureate sermon. 

Fifty-second annual Commencement. 



THE CORPORATION 

BOARD OF TRUSTEES 
Representatives from the Pennsylvania Conference 



Rev. A. A. Long, D.D. 


York 


1919 


Rev. A. B. Statton, D.D. 


Hagerstown, Md. 


1919 


W. 0. Appenzellar 


Chambersburg 


1919 


Rev. L. Walter Lutz, D.D. 


Chambersburg 


1919 


Rev. J. E. Kleffman, D.D. 


Baltimore, Md. 


1918 


Rev. J. F. Snyder 


Boiling Springs 


1918 


Rev. S. G. Ziegler, A.B., B.D. 


Hagerstown, Md. 


1918 


Rev. C. F. Flook 


Myersville, Md. 


1918 


Elmer Funkhouser 


Hagerstown, Md. 


1920 


Hon. W. N. McFaul 


Baltimore, Md. 


1920 


Rev. W. M. Beattie 


Greencastle 


1920 


Rev. E. H. Hummelbaugh 


Frederick, Md. 


1920 


Rev. A. N. Horn, D.D. 


Baltimore, Md. 


1920 


Representatives from the East Pennsylvania Conference 




Rev. R. R. Butterwick, A.M., D.D. 


Hershey 


1919 


Rev. E. 0. Burtner, A.M., D.D. 


Palmyra 


1919 


J. G. Stehman 


Mountville 


1920 


G. F. Breinig 


Allentown 


1920 


I. Moyer Hershey, A.M., B.D. 


Myerstown 


1920 


Hon. Aaron S. Kreider 


Annville 


1918 


Rev. S. E. Rupp, A.M., D.D. 


Harrisburg 


1918 


Rev. J. A. Lyter, A.M., D.D. 


Harrisburg 


1918 


Rev. S. F. Daugherty, A.M., D.D. 


Annville 


1918 


J. Raymond Engle, A.B., LL.B. 


Palmyra 


1918 


Rev. C. E. Mutch 


Schuylkill Haven 


1918 


Rev. H. E. Miller, A.M., D.D. 


Lebanon 


1919 


Representatives from Vi 


irginia Conference 




Rev. A. S. Hammack, D.D. 


Dayton, Va. 


1919 


Rev. W. F. Gruver, D.D. 


Martinsburg, W. Va. 


1919 


Rev. A. J. Secrist 


Churchville, Va. 


1920 


Prof. J. N. Fries, A.M. 


Berkeley Springs, W. Va. 


1920 


Rev. J. H. Brunk, D.D. 


Berkeley Springs, W. Va. 


1918 


Elmer Hodges 


Winchester, Va. 


1918 


Trustees at 


Large 




H. S. Immel 


Mountville, Pa. 




Warren A. Thomas 


31 Miami Av., Columbus, 0. 


A. J. Cochran 


Dawson, Pa. 




Jack L. Straub 


Lancaster, Pa. 




Alumni Trustees 




Rev. F. B. Plummer, A.B., '05 


Carlisle, Pa. 


1919 


H. H. Hoy, A.B., '99 


Millersburg, Pa. 


1920 


Prof. H. H. Baish, A. M., '01 


Altoona, Pa. 


1918 



OFFICERS AND COMMITTEES OF THE BOARD 

Officers 

President Hon. A. S. Kreider 

Vice President Prof. H. H. Baish 

Secretary and Treasurer Rev. W. H. Weaver 

Executive Committee 
Hon. A. S. Kreider A. B. Statton 



J. R. Engle 


A. A. Long 

J. N. Fries 




Finance Committee 


A. S. Keider 
G. D. Gossard 
W. H. Weaver 
J. R. Engle 


C. M. Coover 
E. N. Funkhouser 
J. L. Straub 
Henry Wolf 
W. F. Gruver 


Library and Apparatus Committee 
I. M. Hershey S. E. Rupp 
J. E. Lehman H. H. Hoy 


A. B. Statton 
H. E. Miller 


Faculty Committee 

J. A. Lyter 

A. S. Hammack 


J. R. Engle 


Auditing Committee 

L. Walter Lutz 
E. 0. Burtner 



Grounds and Buildings Committee 
G. F. Breinig C. F. Flook 

J. N. Fries W. O. Appenzellar 

Endowment Fund Committee 
Hon. A. S. Kreider A. P. Funkhouser 

J. A. Lyter A. B. Statton 

R. R. Butterwick 

Farm Committee 

E. O. Burtner A. A. Long 

J. E. Kleffman 

Publicity Committee 
A. E. Shroyer H. H. Baish 

F. B. Plummer L. Walter Lutz 

J. T. Spangler . 



FACULTY 



GEORGE DANIEL GOSSARD, B.D. D.D. 
President 

JOHN EVANS LEHMAN, A.M., Sc.D. 
Professor of Mathematics and Astronomy 

JAMES T. SPANGLER, A.M., D.D. 
Professor of Philosophy and Religious Education 

SAMUEL HOFFMAN DERICKSON, M.S. 
Professor of Biological Sciences 

ALVIN E. SHROYER, B.D. 
Secretary of the Faculty and Professor of Greek and Bible 

HENRY E. WANNER, B.S. 
Registrar and Professor of Chemistry 

LUCY S. SELTZER, A.M. 

Professor of German 

SAMUEL O. GRIMM, B.Pd., A.M. 
Professor of Education and Physics 

CHRISTIAN R. GINGRICH, A.B., LL. B. 
Professor of History and Political Science 

CHARLOTTE F. McLEAN, A.B., Ph.D. 
Professor of English 

CLARA A. HOLTZHAUSSER, A.M. 

Josephine Bittinger Eberly Professor of Latin Language 

and Literature. 

MAY BELLE ADAMS 
Professor of Oratory and Public Speaking 

EMMA R. SCHMAUK, A.B. 
Instructor in French 

MRS. MARY C. GREEN 

Instructor in French 

REBA F. LEHMAN 
Librarian and Dean of Women 



FACULTY 



ASSISTANTS 

RENO E. McCAULEY 
Assistant in Biology 

LEROY WALTERS 
Laboratory Assistant in Zoology 

RUTH HAINES 

Laboratory Assistant in Biology 

CHARLES W. GEMMILL 

Assistant in Physical Laboratory 

RUFUS SNYDER 
Assistant in Physical Laboratory 

WALTER BUNDERMAN 
Assistant in Chemical L aboratory 



SAMUEL F. DAUGHERTY, BD., D.D. 
College Pastor 

ANNA GARMAN 
Stenographer 



HISTORY OF THE COLLEGE 

Lebanon Valley College originated in the action of the East Pennsyl- 
vania Conference of the United Brethren Church at its annual session 
held at Lebanon in March, 1865. Resolutions were passed deciding the 
question of establishing a higher institution of learning to be located 
within the bounds of the East Pennsylvania or of the Pennsylvania Con- 
ference. One year later the committee appointed recommended in its 
report: First, the estabishment of a school of high grade under the super- 
vision of the Church; second, to accept for this purpose the grounds and 
buildings of what was then known as the Annville Academy, tendered 
as a gift to the Conference; and, third, to lease the buildings and grounds 
to a responsible party competent to take charge of the school for the 
coming year. School opened May 7, 1866, with forty-nine students. By 
the close of the collegiate year one hundred and fifty-one were enrolled, 
thus demonstrating at once the need of such an institution in this locality ■ 
and the wisdom of the founders. 

In April, 1867, the Legislature granted a charter with full university 
privileges under which a College Faculty was organized with Rev. Thomas 
Rees Vickory, Ph.D., as president, and Prof. E. Benjamin Bierman, A. M., 
as principal of the Normal Department. The same year the Philokos- 
mian Literary Society was organized by the young men, additional land 
was purchased, and a large brick building erected thereon with chapel, 
recitation rooms, president's office, and apartments for sixty boarding 
students. The building was not furnished and fully occupied till the fall 
of 1868. 

The first regular commencement occurred June 16, 1870. About 
two years later opposition to the school manifested itself and President 
Vickory stated in his report to the annual conference that the attendance 
of students was reduced from one hundred to seventy-five, the cause of 
this diminution being persistent opposition on the part of certain brethren. 

President Vickory directed the affairs of the institution for five years, 
from 1866 to 1871. During his administration the charter was prepared 
and granted by the State Legislature, the laws and regulations for the 
internal workings framed and adopted, the curriculum established, and 
two classes — those of 1870 and 1871 — were graduated. In June, 1871, 
Professor Lucian H. Hammond was elected president. During his term 
of office five classes were graduated, the Clionian Literary Society or- 
ganized by the ladies, and the College made steady and substantial progress*, 
but failing health compelled him to resign in June, 1876. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 9 

Rev. David D. DeLong, D.D., became the third president. He found 
it necessary to reconstruct the Faculty and retain but two of the former 
teachers. The Kalozetean Literary Society was instituted to awaken 
interest in literary work among the young men by means of a healthy 
rivalry, and the music department was organized. In the summer of 
1883 a large, two-story, frame building was erected on College Avenue, 
containing art room, music rooms, the department of natural science, a 
museum and the College library. During his presidency one hundred 
and seven students were graduated, fourteen in music and ninety-three 
in the literary department. 

After an interregnum of several months Rev. Edmund S. Lorenz, A.M., 
was elected president and took up the work with energy and ability. 
Enlargement was his motto and the friends of the College rallied to his 
support. Post graduate studies were offered. The College Forum made 
its appearance under the editorship of the Faculty. With a devotion 
that won the admiration of his friends he labored incessantly for nearly 
two years to make the College the peer of any in the State, but under this 
strain his health failed and he was obliged to retire at the close of the 
collegiate year of 1889. 

The fifth president, Rev. Cyrus J. Kephart, D.D., assumed the duties 
of his office at the opening of the fall term in 1889. He secured creditable 
additions to the endowment fund, but because of discouraging conditions 
declined re-election at the close of the first year. 

The question of re-locating the College agitated its constituency, di- 
vided its friends, and greatly hindered its progress. Some were almost 
in despair, others werei ndifferent, while others hoped and waited for the 
best. Under these conditions the Board of Trustees met in special session 
July 28, 1890, and called Dr. E. Benjamin Bierman to the presidency. 
He was inaugurated on the evening of the sixth of November following. 
Buildings were renovated, a large number of students enrolled and the 
Mary A. Dodge Fund of ten thousand dollars received, "the interest of 
which only is to be loaned without charge to such pious young people as 
the Faculty of the College may deem worthy of help as students." The 
Silver Anniversary of the College was celebrated June 15, 1892, when 
money was raised to purchase about three acres of ground to be added to 
the college campus. With the experience of twenty-five years of earnest 
effort to combat opposition and overcome errors and misconceived notions 
of higher education, and to build up an institution of learning creditable 
to the United Brethren Church, the friends of the College entered upon 
the second quarter of a century with new hope and aspiration. 

President Bierman served successfully until the spring of 1897, when 
he was succeeded by Rev. Hervin U. Roop, Ph.D., who held the office 
until January 1, 1906, after which time the administration was in the 



10 BULLETIN 

hands of the Executive Committee and the Faculty until the election 
of Rev. A. P. Funkhouser, A.M., March 9, 1906. 

The presidency of Doctor Roop stands out as the period when the 
group system in the College curriculum was introduced, when the ath- 
letic field was acquired, when the disastrous fire of December 24, 1904, 
occurred, sweeping away the Administration Building in a few hours, 
and when several new buildings arose on the campus — Engle Music Hall 
1899, and the Carnegie Library and Women's Dormitory in 1904. The 
recuperative powers of the institution were put to the test by the de- 
struction of the main building. At a meeting held January 5, 1905, the 
friends of the College resolved, amid unusual enthusiasm, to rebuild at 
once, and with the stimulus of a gift of fifty thousand dollars from Andrew 
Carnegie, received by the President, who had previously secured twenty 
thousand dollars from the same source, plans were matured by which to 
raise one hundred thousand dollars for this purpose. The erection of three 
new buildings was projected — the Men's Dormitory, the Central Heating 
Plant, and the new Administration Building, the latter being completed 
under the supervision of President Funkhouser, whose term of office is 
marked also by a strenuous effort to meet the debt which rose to almost or 
altogether ninety thousand dollars. Bonds were issued to the amount of 
fifty thousand dollars and the co-operative college circles organized to 
relieve the financial conditions. 

Rev. Lawrence Keister, S.T.B., D.D., was elected president of the 
College, June 10, 1907, at the annual session of the Board of Trustees. 
He solicited $7,700 for the equipment of the Science Department, se- 
cured the Mills Scholarship of one thousand dollars, and the Immel Schol- 
arship of two thousand dollars. The debt effort authorized by the Board, 
June 3, 1908, was carried forward successfully, $50,000 having been pledged 
before January 1, 1909, according to the condition of the pledge which 
also required the continuation of the canvass to secure another fifty thous- 
and dollars in order to cover the entire debt. At the death of Rev. Daniel 
Eberly, D.D., July 9, 1910, whose will bears date of September 17, 1909, 
the College came into possession of property valued at about forty-five 
thousand dollars, the major portion being given for the endowment of 
the Latin Chair. 

In June, 1912, President Keister presented his resignation to the Board 
of Trustees and in September the Rev. Dr. George D. Gossard, of Baltimore, 
Maryland, was elected president. He at once entered upon the duties 
of his office, to which he brings conscientious devotion and intelligent 
enthusiasm. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 11 



GENERAL INFORMATION 

The College is situated in Annville, a progressive and cultured town 
twenty-one miles east of Harrisburg in the beautiful, healthful, and fertile 
Lebanon Valley. 

BUILDINGS AND GROUNDS 

There are eight buildings on the campus, the Carnegie Library, the 
Engle Conservatory of Music, the Women's Dormitory, the Men's Dor- 
mitory, South Hall, the Administration Building, the Heating Plant and 
President's House. 

THE CARNEGIE LIBRARY, a building of the Gothic style of archi- 
tecture, erected in 1904, furnishes commodious quarters for the growing 
library of the College. 

Two large reading rooms on the first floor, splendidly lighted and ven- 
tilated, and beautifully furnished, are provided with the leading magazines 
and daily papers. Periodicals devoted to the special work of each de- 
partment are here, as well as magazines of general literature. On the 
second floor are six seminar rooms designed to be equipped with the special 
works of reference for the various departments, where students doing the 
most serious work may study undisturbed. 

THE ENGLE CONSERVATORY OF MUSIC, of Hummelstown 
brownstone, erected in 1899, contains the college chapel, used for all 
large college gatherings, a directors' office and studio, practice rooms, 
and a large society hall. The building is well equipped with pianos and 
a large pipe organ. 

THE WOMEN'S DORMITORY, NORTH HALL, was erected in 
1905, and is a building of beautiful proportions. In addition to rooms 
which will accommodate forty-five students, there are a society hall, a 
dining hall, a well-equipped kitchen, and laundry. 

THE MEN'S DORMITORY is a modern structure of brick with 
Indiana limestone trimmings. It contains single and double rooms and 
sixteen suites of two bed-rooms with a separate study-room. These 
afford accommodations for more than a hundred students. This build- 
ing was also erected in 1905. 

THE WOMENS' DORMITORY, SOUTH HALL, the original build- 
ing of the institution, and acquired by gift in 1866, when the College was 
founded, has been remodelled and is now used as a women's dormitory. 



12 BULLETIN 

THE HEATING PLANT, erected in 1905, contains a low pressure 
heating system of the most perfect construction, and supplies the heat 
for all the buildings on the campus. It is constructed with a view to 
the installation of a lighting plant. 

THE PRESIDENT'S HOME, a commodious frame two and a half 
story building, is situated on the northwest corner of the campus. 

THE ADMINISTRATION BUILDING is the most important and 
central of the buildings. It is built of buff brick with terra cotta trim- 
mings, three stories high. It contains the recitation rooms of the Col- 
lege and the laboratories of the science departments. The department 
of art has here commodious and modern quarters. The administra- 
tion offices of fireproof construction are on the first floor. 

The Alumni Gymnasium occupies the ground floor. Here are provided 
over seven thousand square feet of floor space for the use of the department 
of physical culture and the promotion of athletic activities. The gym- 
nasium has, in addition to the gymnasium floor separate locker rooms 
for the teams, for the men, and for the girls, an apparatus room, and the 
usual shower baths. 

The campus, of twelve acres, occupies a high point in the center of 
the town of Annville and is within easy access of all trolley and railroad 
lines. 

The athletic field of five and one-half acres is well located and admir- 
ably adapted to the purpose for which it is intended. 

LABORATORIES 

The entire northern half of the Administration Building is occupied 
by the Departments of Science. The Department of Chemistry oc- 
cupies the first floor, Physics the second, and Biology the third. 

The laboratories of each department are constructed after the most 
approved modern methods, and students find everything arranged for 
their convenience. Stock rooms and special laboratories adjoin the 
general laboratories. The lecture rooms are provided with risers and 
Columbia tablet chairs. 

RELIGIOUS WORK 

The College has always tried to furnish religious training, and encourages 
all wholesome means of promoting Christian influence. Each morning 
a regular service is held in the college chapel, at which the students are 
required to be present. 

A students' prayer-meeting is held once a week, and opportunities for 
Bible study and mission study are offered by the Christian Association 
in addition to those afforded by the regular curriculum. 

All resident students of the College are expected to attend public wor- 
ship in churches of their choice every Sunday. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 13 

COLLEGE ORGANIZATIONS 

Christian The College has flourishing Young Men's and Young 

Associations Women's Christian Associations, which hold regular 
weekly devotional services and conduct special courses 
of Bible and mission study. 

Under these auspices numerous public lectures, entertainments, and 
socials are held, so that they contribute incalculably to the pleasure of 
the student body. They are the center of the spiritual welfare of the 
students and deserve the hearty support of all connected with the College. 

Literary Excellent opportunities for literary improvement and par- 
Societies liamentary training are afforded by the societies of the College. 
There are three of these societies — Philokosmian, Kaloze- 
tean, and Clionian, the latter sustained by the young ladies. They meet 
every Friday evening in their well-furnished halls for literary exercises. 
These societies are considered valuable agencies in college work, and stu- 
dents are advised to unite with one of them. 

Athletic The Athletic Association is composed of all the stu- 

Association dents of the College. It elects its own officers and the 
assistant managers of the various athletic teams. The 
direct supervision of all athletics is in the hands of the graduate manager 
and the College Administration Office. The treasurer of the College is 
the treasurer of the Association. 

The Mathematical The Mathematical Round Table is an organization 
Round Table of the students of the College who are interested 
in mathematical studies. Its object is to create 
interest in and love for the "exact science." Its meetings are held on 
the last Wednesday evening of each month. Papers on mathematical 
history and biography are read and discussed. Current events in the 
mathematical world and papers on various mathematical subjects have 
made the meetings very interesting and helpful. 

Deutscher The German Club has been organized by the students 
Verein of the College who are especially interested in the study 
of the German language. Its meetings are held the third 
Wednesday of every month. Papers familiarizing the students with 
Germany, its life, customs, and literature are read. The meetings are 
conducted entirely in German. As a means of increasing conversational 
powers, German games are introduced as an important part of the 
program. 



14 BULLETIN 

College A College band has been organized among the students of 
Band the college. Any student with sufficient musical ability may 
become a member of this organization. 

LITERARY AND MUSICAL ADVANTAGES 

During the college year, the student body has the privilege of hear- 
ing lectures and talks delivered by men of note in church and literary 
circles. 

The department of music together with the department of public speak- 
ing presents a number of programs during the year. Concerts and re- 
citals by prominent musicians are given under the patronage of the De- 
partment of Music with the aim of creating in the student an appreication 
for the best in art. 

There is a lively interest in the drama. Various college organizations 
have presented Shakespearean and other plays of a high grade. 

A further means of enjoyment and education is the course of lectures 
and concerts under the management of the Christian Associations of the 
College. 

ADMINISTRATION 

Advisers The following are the advisers for the students in each of 
the four groups in which courses of instruction are offered: 
For the Classical group, Professor Shroyer; for the Science group, Pro- 
fessor Derickson; for the Historical-Political, Professor Gingrich; for the 
Modern Language, Professor Seltzer; Professor Spangler is adviser to 
all Freshmen. The adviser's approval is necessary before a student may 
register for or enter upon any course of study, or discontinue any work. 
He is the medium of communication between the Faculty and the students 
of his group, and in a general way stands to his students in the relation of 
a friendly counselor. 

Discipline The laws of the College are as few and simple as the proper 
regulation of a community of young men and women will 
permit. The government of the dormitories is under the immediate con- 
trol of the student councils, committees of students, authorized by the 
College authorities. 

Classification Every student residing in the dormitory must take at 
least fifteen hours of work as catalogued. Any stu- 
dent failing to pass ten (10) hours of work at the close of each semester 
will be required to withdraw from the institution. 

The maximum number of hours, conditioned, permitted for senior 
standing is four; for junior standing, six; for sophomore standing, seven; 
for freshman standing, six. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 15 

The permitted number of extra hours of work above that prescribed 
by the curriculum is limited by the student's previous record, as follows: 

(a) Majority of A's — four hours. 

(b) Majority of B's — two hours. 

(c) Lower record than majority of B's — no extra hours. 

No student will be given credit for more than twenty-two (22) hours 
in any twelve months. 

Credits for work done in other institutions for which advanced stand- 
ing is desired must be submitted to the committee on College Credits 
and a copy filed with the Registrar. 

Class Standing Reports of standing will be made to parent or guard- 
ian at the end of each term when desired by them, or 
when the Faculty deems it expedient. The standing is indicated generally 
by classification in six groups, as follows: 

A signifies that the record of the student is distinguished. 

B signifies that the record of the student is very good. 

C signifies that the record is good. 

D signifies the lowest sustained record. 

E (conditioned) imposes a condition on the student. 

Failing to make up a condition at an appointed time is equal to a re- 
cord of F. 

F (failed completely) signifies that the student must drop or repeat 
the subject, and cannot be admitted to subjects dependent thereon. 

If the student's record as a whole is poor, he may be required to repeat 
certain subjects, to repeat the year's work, or to withdraw. 

Admission Students wishing to enter Lebanon Valley College must 
present credits from high schools, normal schools and ac- 
ademies at the time of matriculation. Blanks for such credits may be 
had on application to the Registrar. 

Registration The registration days are as follows: September 16, 17 
and 18, and Thursday, January 30, and Friday, January 
31, preceding the opening of the second semester. Students registering later 
than the days specified will be charged a fee of one dollar. 

Registration is not complete until the Registrar has affixed his signature 
to the matriculation card and a copy of same has been filed with the 
Registrar. 

Absences A student may be absent from class, without excuse, during 

a semester, the number of times the class meets each week. 

Should he be absent once beyond double the number of times the class 



16 BULLETIN 

meets each week, he will be required to take a special examination, for 
which a fee of one dollar will be charged. Such examination must be 
taken within a week of the excess absence; otherwise the student will lose 
his class standing. Absences immediately preceding or following vaca- 
tions will be counted double cuts. 

Chapel All students are required to attend the morning chapel ser- 
vice. Failure to attend will be ground for action by the 
Faculty upon recommendation of the Committee on Chapel Attendance. 

Limitation Students are limited to two of the following college ac- 
tivities: Quittaphilla, Glee Club, and Plays, Foot Ball, 
Basket Ball and Base Ball. 

No games between college organisations may be engaged in, during 
study hours, except by permission of the Faculty. 

Degree and The degree of Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science is 
Diploma conferred, by vote of the Board of Trustees on recommend- 
ation of the Faculty, upon students who have satisfactorily 
completed sixty-nine hours of work in any of the groups. 

Graduate Since all its members are fully occupied with undergrad- 
Work uate work, the Faculty deems it unwise to offer any work 
for the degree of Master of Arts during the coming year. 
In rare cases sufficient resident work upon certain advanced courses may 
be outlined. But as special action would be required in each case, no 
detailed announcement can be made here. All inquiries about graduate 
work should be addressed to the President. 

SCHOLARSHIPS AND LOANS 

The College offers a limited number of one hundred and forty dollar 
free tuition scholarships, $70 a year for two years, to honor graduates of 
State Normal Schools and approved High Schools and Academies. One 
scholarship is allotted to the first honor graduate of our own Academy. 

The College also offers a free tuition scholarship of $70 a year for two 
years to a literary graduate of Shenandoah Collegiate Institute, Dayton, 
Va. The recipient of that scholarship will be determined by the Lebanon 
Valley College office. 

Graduates of High Schools and Academies whose standard is not equal 
to that of our own Academy, may enter the senior year of the Academy 
and become competitors for our own Academy scholarship. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 17 

Honor graduates of preparatory schools who. have conditions may be 
allowed to make them up in the freshman year. If the first semester's 
work shows a majority of A's and nothing less than B in all work includ- 
ing conditions, a scholarship may be awarded. 

The Bishop J. S. Mills Scholarship Fund 

This fund, established by a gift of $1,000, is available. 
The H. S. Immel Scholarship Fund 

This fund, established by a gift of $2,000, is available "for young men 
in college who are preparing for the ministry in the Church of the United 
Brethren in Christ." 

The Eliza Bittinger Eberly Fund 

This fund consists of the income of a farm located near East Berlin, 
Adams County, Pa. 

The Daniel Eberly Fund 

This fund is available and is to be loaned to worthy students seeking 
an education in college. 

The Rev. H. C. Phillips Scholarship Fund 

This fund established by a gift of $1,300 in memory of Rev. H. C. 
Phillips, given by his wife and daughter, is available for young men pre- 
paring for the ministry. 

The Mary A. Dodge Fund 

The income from this fund is loaned to worthy students. 
The Charles B. Rettew Scholarship 

This scholarship in Bonebrake Theological Seminary is limited to 
students from the East Pennsylvania Conference and Lebanon Valley 
College. 

The Dr. Henry B. Stehman Fund 

This fund has been provided by Dr. Henry B. Stehman to help needy 
ministerial students. This fund is awarded by the President of the College. 

The S. F. Engle Scholarship Fund 

Mrs. Agnes B. Engle of Palmyra, Pa., gave to the College $1,300, in 
memory of her husband, to be known as the S. F. Engle Scholarship Fund. 

EXPENSES 

Matriculation $12.00 

Tuition, (College) 70.00 

Tuition, (Academy) 50 00 



18 BULLETIN 

Matriculation 

The Matriculation fee in both College and Academy is $12.00. This 
fee is not subject to refund, nor is there any rebate allowed for any reason. 

Special students who take less than half work in the regularly appointed 
classes, or any student who takes work outside of regular recitation periods 
either in the College or Academy, is required to pay matriculation ac- 
cording to the number of studies taken. 

Oratory and Art students who are not matriculated in the College are 
required to pay an enrollment fee of one dollar each. 

Matriculation for Music ranges from one dollar to eight dollars. No 
additional fee is required for music from students who have matriculated 
full for College or Academy. 

Tuition 

For twenty hours or less in the College the annual tuition is $70.00. 
$2.06 per semester is charged for each additional hour of work taken in 
regular classes, or for each hour for which credit is allowed, of semester 
work taken outside of regular college recitation periods. Credit can be 
allowed only when the work has been taken under instructors approved 
by the Executive Committee. 

The tuition in the Academy is $50.00 for twenty-four or less, hours 
of work taken; for each additional hour per semester, $1.25. For all 
credit allowed for work taken outside of regular recitation periods, $1.25 
per semester hour will be charged. 

Ministers' children in the college and academy departments are entitled 
to a rebate on full tuition of $35.00 and $25.00 respectively. Scholarships 
do not cover the tuition for extra work taken. 

Laboratory Fees 

To cover the cost of materials used in the Laboratories, the following 
fees are charged: 

First Second 

Semester Semester 

Biology 1 $6.00 $6.00 

Biology 2 6.00 6.00 

Biology 3 6.00 6.00 

Biology 4 6.00 6.00 

Biology 5 6.00 6.00 

Chemistry 1 $ 8.00 $ 8.00 

Chemistry 2 8.00 8.00 

Chemistry 3 8.00 8.00 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 19 

Chemistry 4 $ 7.00 $ 7.00 

Chemistry 5 12.00 12.00 

Physics 1 5.00 5.00 

Physics 2 and 3 3.50 3.50 

All breakage will be charged against the student in each department. 
There will be no refund of laboratory fees. If chemicals and laboratory 
supplies continue to advance in price there will be a corresponding in- 
crease in the laboratory fees. 

Boarding 

The Domestic Department is in charge of a skilled and competent 
chef. Plain, substantial and palatable food especially adapted to the 
needs of the student is provided. The kitchen is furnished with the 
most modern equipment and all the food is prepared in the most sanitary J^ 

and satisfactory manner. C 

The boarding rate for the school term 1918-19 is $155.00. Students £> 

who stop school during the school term will be required to pay board at 
the rate of six dollars per week during their stay in school. Day students 
may obtain meal tickets at the rate of ten meals for $3.50, if paid in ad- f& 

vance, and all extra meals taken by five-day students or meals taken by ^ 

friends of students at 35 cents each. A rebate of forty dollars is allowed 4) 

for five-day students. These rates do not include Thanksgiving, Christ- ^ 
mas and Easter vacations. 

If foodstuffs continue to advance in cost, there will be a corresponding 
increase in boarding rates. fU 

All students who do not room and board at their homes are required 
to room and board in the college unless special permission be obtained 
from the Executive Committee to do otherwise. Students refusing to Lmi 
comply with this regulation forfeit their privileges as students in the 
College. 

Room Rent 

Room-rent varies from $20.00 to $60.00 except when double rooms are 
assigned to only one student, then the occupant will pay the regular rent 
for two. For Heat and Light $6.00 to $9.00 will be charged. A de- 
posit fee of $5.00 is required when a room is reserved. This fee will be 
deducted from the second half year's payment. 

When five or more day students occupy one room, then the rate to each 
occupant is $22.50 and must be paid at the opening of the school year, 
and there will be no refund. 

One light fixture is installed permanently in every dormitory room. 
For every additional light temporarily installed, there will be an extra 



& 



V5 



20 BULLETIN 

charge of $3.00 to the occupants of the room. Only 40 watt lamps are 
allowed. One lamp is furnished free at the opening of school. 

A dormitory fee of $5.00 will be charged each student in the Men's 
Dormitories. Occupants of a room are held responsible for all breakage 
and loss of furniture or any loss whatever for which the student is re- 
sponsible. 

In the Men's Dormitories rooms will be furnished with a bed, chairs 
and table. Students must furnish their own mattresses, carpets, towels, 
napkins, soap and all other necessary furnishings. Students may buy 
mattresses at cost from the College, or they may rent them. 

Contingent Fee 

All College students are required to pay a contingent fee of $20.00 
and Academy students $10.00. This is to help cover the high cost of 
coal, equipment and the greatly increased general expenses. 

Estimated Expenses 

The maximum expense for a full course in L. V. C. for one year, ex- 
clusive of laboratory fees, books and personal expenses, is $331 for men 
and $326 for women. The minimum expense for men is $288 and for 
women $283. 

A rebate of $28.00 will be allowed to students receiving no other aid 
when the entire amount is paid at the opening of school. The minimum 
therefore for cash will be $266.00 for men and $255.00 for women. 

A rebate of $5.00 will be allowed to day students when the full tuition 
is paid at the opening of school. 

Graduation Fee 

Sixty days prior to Commencement, candidates for degrees are re- 
quired to pay the following fees. 

Students graduating in the College $12.00; in Music $10.00; in the 
Academy $5.00; those receiving certificates in Oratory, Art or Music, 
$5.00 each. 

REGULATIONS 

Matriculation fee must be paid at the time of enrollment. 

Laboratory fees must be paid at the beginning of each Semester. 

The regular College or Academy expenses which include Tuition, Room 
Rent and Boarding are divided into four installments; one-fifth is due 
September 19th one-fifth November 1st, three-tenths January 1st, and 
three-tenths March 25th. 

When a student leaves school or the boarding hall for any other reason 
than sickness, he shall pay board at the rate of six dollars per week, with- 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 21 

out any rebate or refund, except when ordered otherwise by the Executive 
Committee of the College. 

Satisfactory settlement for all bills and fees is required before an hon- 
orable dismissal can be granted and before grades are recorded or given 
to the student. 

Students who are candidates for Diplomas or Certificates must make 
full settlement entirely satisfactory to the Executive Committee before 
diplomas or certificates will be sealed and delivered. 

Five per cent, will be added to all bills when payment is deferred more 
than thirty days after the bills are due and 10 per cent, after more than 
sixty days. Students who do not pay their bills will be dropped from the 
student list. 

ABSENCE AND SICKNESS 

When students retain their class standing during absence from school 
because of sickness or for any other reasons, no rebate or refund will be 
allowed on tuition, or room rent. 

In case of sickness which occasions loss of class standing, a reasonable 
rebate or refund will be allowed on tuition. 

When a student is absent from school more than two weeks in succession 
because of sickness, and retains his room during the time of absence, then 
a rebate of $4.00 per week will be allowed for all absence exceeding the 
two weeks. Reductions cannot be allowed for athletic, Glee Club or 
banquet trips. 

AID TO STUDENTS 

Help is extended annually to a limited number of students, but only 
to those pursuing full courses in the College or in the Academy. This 
help is given in the form of Merit Scholarships, Ministerial Scholarships, 
Waiterships, Janitorships, Tutorships or Library work. All of this help 
is extended or given only upon the condition that the recipient proves 
loyal to the school and complies with all the rules and regulations of the 
College. 

A student forfeits the privilege of a scholarship or other help from the 
school when his average grade falls below passing standards or when in 
any way he refuses to co-operate with the college, or when he disregards 
the regulations of the institution. 

Students rooming in Dormitories and boarding at the College Dining 
Hall will be given preference when work of various kinds is assigned. 



Outline of Requirements for Admission 
to Groups leading to the Bachelor of Arts Degree 

The following is an outline of the requirements for admission to the Freshman class of 
Lebanon Valley College. A detailed description of the courses indicated in this outline 
appears in the catalog of the College. An aggregate of fiifteen units must be offered by the 
candidate for admission. Of these eleven and one-half units are required as specified and 
three and one-half units may be elected. 

A unit represents the work of a school year of no less then thirty-six weeks, with five 
periods of at least forty-five minutes eack week, or four periods of one hour each per 
week. A unit therefore, is the equivalent of one hundred and eighty recitation periods of 
forty-five minutes each, or one hundred and forty-four periods of one hour each. 



Group I 


English 




Three units 


English 






required 


GROUP II 


Elementary Algebra 


1 unit 


Two and one- 


Mathematics 


Intermediate Algebra 


y 2 unit 


half units re- 




Plane Geometry 


1 unit 


quired, one of 




Solid Geometry 


y 2 unit 


which must be 




Plane Trigonometry 


y unit 


Plane Geom. 


GROUP III 


Latin 


4 units 


Five units re- 


Foreign 


German 


2 units 


required, three 


Languages 


French 


2 units 


of which must 




Greek 


2 units 


be Latin. 


GROUP IV 


Physical Geography 


]/ 2 or 1 unit 


Physics requir- 
ed. Chemistry 


Physical 
Sciences 


Physics 
Chemistry 


1 unit 
y or 1 unit 


required only for 
students intend- 
ing to take 
Science Group 


GROUP V 


Botany 


1 unit 


Elective 


Biological 


Zoology 


1 unit 




Sciences 


Physiology 


1 unit 




GROUP VI 


Greek and Roman 


1 unit 


One unit. 


History, Etc. 


Medieval and Modern 


1 unit 


required. 




English 


1 unit 






Civics 


y unit 






Economics 


y unit 




GROUP VII 


Drawing 


y or 1 unit 


One unit 




Domestic Science 


y unit 


only may 




Agriculture 


y unit 


be elected. 




Bookkeeping 


% unit 






Commercial Law 


y. unit 






Commercial Geography 


y unit 






Psychology 


y unit 






Methods of Teaching 


y unit 





In case the requirements of a given Group are not f a lly met by the fifteen units elected 
the studies necessary for such requirements must be taken in place of an elective in the 
regular college course. For example, if a student presents three units of Latin and two of 
German for admission to a Group requiring four units of Latin, he must include in his col- 
lege course the equivalent oj the fourth unit of Latin. 



Outline of Requirements of Admission 
to Groups leading to the Bachelor of Science Degree 

The following is an outline of the requirements for admission to the Freshman class of 
Lebanon Valley College. A detailed description of the courses indicated in this outline 
appears in the catalog of the College. An aggregate; of fourteen and one-half units must be 
offered by the candidate for admission. Of these twelve units are required. as specified and 
two and one-half units may be elected. 

A unit represents the work of a school year of no less than thirty -six weeks, with five 
periods of at least forty-five minutes each per week, or four periods of one hour each per 
week. A unit therefore, is the equivalent of one hundred and eighty recitation periods of 
forty-five minutes each, or one hundred and forty-four periods of one hour each. 



GROUP I 


English 


3 units 


Three units 


English 








required. 


GROUP II 


Elementary Algebra 


1 


unit 


Three units 


Mathematics 


Intermediate Algebra 


X 


unit 


required, one- 




Plane Geometry 


1 


unit 


half unit of 




Solid Geometry 


X 


unit 


which must be 




Plane Trigonometry 


% unit 


Solid Geom- 










etry. 


GROUP III 


Latin 


4 units 


Two units 


Foreign 


French 


3 units 


required. 


Languages 


German 


3 units 






Greek 


3 units 




GROUP IV 


Physics 


1 


unit 


Two units 


Physical 


Chemistry 


1 


unit 


required. 


Sciences 










GROUP V 


Botany 


1 


unit 


One unit 


Biological 


Zoology 


1 


unit 


required. 


Sciences 










GROUP VI 


Greek and Roman 


1 


unit 


One unit 


History, Etc. 


Medieval and Modern 


1 


unit 


required. 




English 


1 


unit 






Civics 


X 


unit 






Economics 


X 


unit 




GROUP VII 


Physiology 


1 


unit 


Two and 




Physical Geography 


X 


unit 


one-half 




Drawing ]4 


or 1 unit 


units may 




Domestic Science 


X 


unit 


be elected. 




Agriculture 


X 


unit 






Bookkeeping 


X 


unit 






Commercial Law 


X 


unit 






Commercial Geography 


x 


unit 






Psychology 


x 


unit 






Methods of Teaching 


X 


unit 





24 BULLETIN 



DESCRIPTION OF COURSES 

Candidates for admission should note carefully the following descrip- 
tion of courses. 

ENGLISH 
Three Units Required 

A thorough course in Advanced English Grammar, and a systematic 
course in English Composition and in the essentials of Rhetoric is required 
of all students. In addition to this and following the recommendations 
of the Conference on Uniform Entrance Requirements in English, books 
are prescribed for reading and practice, and for study and practice, as 
follows: 

a. Reading and Practice — 1916. Two units. 

Group I. (Two to be selected.) The Old Testament, comprising at 
least the chief narrative episodes in Genesis, Exodus, Joshua, Judges, 
Samuel, Kings, and Daniel, together with the books of Ruth and Esther; 
the Odyssey, with the omission, if desired, of Books I, II, III, IV, V, XV, 
XVI, XVII; the Iliad, with the omission, if desired, of Books, XI, XIII, 
XIV, XV, XVII, XXI; Virgil's Aeneid. The Odyssey, Illiad, and Aeneid 
should be read in English translations of recognized literary excellence. 
For any unit of this group a unit from any other group may be substituted. 

Group II. (Two to be selected.) Shakespeare's The Merchant of 
Venice, Midsummer Night's Dream, As You Like It, Twelfth Night, Henry 
the Fifth, Julius Caesar. 

Group III. (Two to be selected.) Defoe's Robinson Crusoe, Part 
I, Goldsmith's Vicar of Wakefield, either Scott's Ivanhoe or Quentin Dur- 
ivard, Hawthorne's The House of Seven Gables, either Dickens' David 
Copperfield or A Tale of Two Cities, Thackeray's Henry Esmond, Mrs. 
Gaskill's Cranford, George Eliot's Silas Marner, Stevenson's Treasure 
Island. 

Group IV. (Two to be selected.) Bunyon's Pilgrim's Progress, Part 
I., the Sir Roger de Coverley Papers in the "Spectator," Franklin's Auto- 
biography (condensed), Irving's Sketch Book, Macaulay's Essays on Lord 
Clive and Warren Hastings, Thackery's English Humorists, Selections 
from Lincoln, including at least two inaugurals, the speeches in Inde- 
pendence Hall and at Gettysburg, the Last Public Address and Letter to 
Horace Greeley, along with a brief memoir or estimate, Parkman's Oregon 
Trail, either Thoreau's Walden or Huxley's Autobiography and selections 
from Lay Sermons including the address on Improving Natural Knowledge, 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 25 

A Liberal Education, and A Piece of Chalk, Stevenson's Inland Voyage 
and Travels With a Donkey. 

Group V. (Two to be selected.) Palgrave's Golden Treasury (First 
Series) Books II and ///, with special attention to Dryden, Collins, Gray, 
Cowper, and Burns; Gray's Elegy in a Country Churchyard and Gold- 
smith's Deserted Village, Coleridge's Ancient Mariner and Lowell's The 
Vision of Sir Launfal, Scott's The Lady of the Lake, Byron's Childe Harold, 
Canto IV, and The Prisoner of Chillon, Palgrave's Golden Treasury (First 
Series) Book IV, with special attention to Wordsworth, Keats, and Shelley, 
Poe's The Raven, Longfellow's The Courtship of Miles Standish, and Whit- 
tier's Snow Bound, Macaulay's Lays Of Ancient Rome, and Arnold's Sohrab 
and Rustum, Tennyson's Gareth and Lynette, Lancelot and Elaine, and The 
Passing of Arthur, Browning's Cavalier Tunes, The Lost Leader, How They 
Brought the Good News from Ghent to Aix, Home Thoughts from Abroad, 
Home Thoughts from the Sea, Incidents of the French Camp, Herve Riel, 
Pheidippides, My Last Duchess, Vp at a Villa — Down in the City. 

b. Study and Practice — (One unit) Shakespeare's Macbeth, Mil- 
ton's L' Allegro, II Penseroso and Comus, Burke's Speech on Conciliation 
with America, or Washington's Farewell Address and Webster's First 
Bunker Hill Oration, Macaulay's Life of Johnson or Carlyle's Essay on 
Burns. 

MATHEMATICS 

a. Elementary Algebra, Algebra to Quadratics — One unit. 

1. The four fundamental operations. 

2. Factoring, determination of highest common factor and lowest 
common multiple by factoring. 

3. Linear equations, both numerical and literal, containing one, two, 
and three unknowns. 

4. Problems depending on linear equations. 

5. Radicals and the extraction of the square root of polynomials. 

6. Fractional and negative exponents. 

b. Quadratics and Beyond — One-half unit. 

1. Quadratic equations, both numerical and literal. 

2. Problems depending on quadratic equations. 

3. The binomial theorem for positive integral exponents. 

4. The formulas for the nth term and the sum of the terms of arith- 
metical and geometrical progressions. 

5. Numerous problems chosen from mensuration, from physics, and 
from commercial life. 

The equivalent of Hawke's and others. 
High School Algebra complete. 



26 BULLETIN 

c. Plane Geometry — One unit. 

1. The usual theorems and constructions. 

2. The solution of numeous exercises, including problems of Loci. 

3. The equivalent of Durell's Plane Geometry. 

d. Solid Geometry — One-half unit. 

1. The usual theorems, the properties and measurements of prisms, 
pyramids, cylinders, and cones, the sphere and spherical triangle. 

2. Applications to the mensuration of surfaces and solids. 

e. Trigonometry — One-half-unit. 

1. Definitions and relations of the six trigonometric functions as ratios, 
circular measurements of angles. 

2. Proofs of the principal formulas, and the transformation of trig- 
onometric expressions by means of these formulas. 

3. Solution of trigonometric equations. 

4. The theory and use of logarithms. 

5. The solution of right, oblique, and spherical triangles with appli- 
cations. 

LATIN 

Latin a — Three units. 

A systematic course of five lessons a week extending over a period of 
three years is required. 

The real test of the candidate's fitness is based upon his ability to read 
simple Latin prose, to explain constructions and idioms, and to turn simple 
Latin sentences into prose. 

He should have studied grammar, elementary prose composition, 90 
to 120 pages of Nepos (Lives) and Caesar (Gallic and Civil wars); also 
about 40 pages of Cicero and the first four books of Virgil or its equivalent 
in Latin poetry. 

Latin b — One unit (optional). 

Virgil and Ovid, 6,000 to 10,000 verses or other equivalents not read in 
Latin A. 

GREEK 

Greek 1 — One unit. 

The equivalent of White's First Greek Book. Five recitations a week 
for at least thirty weeks. The candidates shall have read the equivalent 
of about eight chapters of Anabasis and show a knowledge of ordinary 
forms. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 27 

Greek 2 — One unit. 

At least the first four books of the Anabasis together with the ability 
to turn short sentences into Greek. 

Greek 3 — One unit. 

The translation at sight of Attic prose and of Homer, constructions, 
idioms and prosody and the ability to translate a short passage of con- 
nected English narrative is required. 

GERMAN 

a. Elementary German — Two units. 
During the first year the work should comprise: 

1. Careful drill on pronunciation. 

2. Drill on the rudiments of grammar. 

3. Abundant easy exercises in reproduction and memory work. 

4. The reading of 75 to 100 pages of graduated texts from a reader. 
During the second year the work should comprise: 

1. The reading of 150 to 200 pages of literature in the form of easy 
stories and plays. 

2. Reproduction practice as before, both oral and written. 

3. Continued drill on the rudiments of grammar. 
Suitable stories and plays are as follows: 

Wilhelmi's Einer muss heiraten, Bacon's Im Vaterland, Anderson's 
Maerchen, Leander's Traeumereien, Heyse's V Arrabbiata, Hillern's Hoher 
als die Kirche, Storm's Immensee, Zschokke's Der Zerbrochene Krug, 
Stokel's Unter dem Christbaum, Baumbach's Der Schwiegersohn. 

b. Intermediate German — One unit. 

The work should comprise, in addition to the elementary course, the 
reading of about 400 pages of moderately difficult prose and poetry to- 
gether with constant drill in reproduction and grammatical drill, with 
special reference to the infinitive and the subjunctive. 
Suitable reading matter can be selected from the following: 
Freytag's Die Journalisten, Fouque's Undine, Goethe's Hermann und 
Dorothea, Lessing's Minna von Barnhelm, Schiller's Der Neffe als Onkel, 
William Tell, Die Jungfrau von Orleans and others prescribed by the Col- 
lege Entrance Examination Board. 

FRENCH 

a. Elementary French — Two units. 

The applicant should be able to pronounce French accurately, to turn 
simple English sentences into French and to answer questions on the 
rudiments of grammar. 



28 BULLETIN 

The first year's work should comrpise the rudiments of grammar, the 
reproduction of natural forms of expression and the reading of 100 to 175 
duodecimo pages of graduated texts. 

During the second year the work should comprise: 

1. Constant practice in translating into French easy variations upon 
the texts read. 

2. Frequent oral abstracts. 

3. The mastery of the use of pronouns, pronominal adjectives, of all 
but the rare, irregular verb forms and the simpler uses of the conditional 
and the subjunctive. 

4. The reading of 400 to 500 pages of easy, modern prose in the form 
of stories, plays, or historical or biographical sketches. 

Suitable texts for the second year are: 

About's Le roi des montagnes, Bruno's Le tour de la France, Mairet's 
Latache du petit Pierre, Merimee's Colombab, Legouve and Labiche's La 
cigale chet les fourmis, Le Bedolliere's La Mere Michel et son chat. 

b. Intermediate French — One unit. 

1. Constant practice in French paraphrasing. 

2. Grammar in modern completeness. 

3. Writing from dictation. 

4. The reading of from 400 to 600 pages from suitable texts such as 
the following: 

Corneille's Le Cid, Sandeau'sLe gendre de M. Poirier, Daudet's La Belle- 
Nivernaise, Racine's Athalie, Andromaque and Esther, George Sand's 
plays and stories, Sandeau's Mademoiselle de la Siegliere, and others. 

PHYSICS 
Elementary Physics — One unit. 

1. The study of a standard text book as Carhart and Chute's High 
School Physics, or Milikan and Gale's A First Course in Physics. 

2. Lectures and table demonstrations. 

3. Individual laboratory work consisting of at least 30 experiments as 
required by the College Entrance Examination Board. 

4. The course should include the following fundamental topics: 

a. Introduction, metric system, volume, density, weight, and 

states of matter. 

b. Mechanics, fluids, and solids. 

c. Heat. 

d. Sound. 

e. Light. 

f. Magnetism. 

g. Static Electricity. 
h. Current Electricity. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 29 

The applicant must also present an approved laboratory note book 
of experiments performed, together with a certificate from the teacher of 
Physics stating the exact character and amount of work done under his 
supervision. 

BOTANY 
Elementary Botany — One unit. 

PART I. The General Principles of (a) Anatomy and Morphology, 
(b) Physiology, and (c) Ecology. 

a. Anatomy and Morphology. 

The seed, the shoot, specialized and metamorphosed shoots, the root, 
specialized and metamorphosed roots, the flower, the comparative and 
morphological study of four or more types, the fruit and the cell. 

b. Physiology. 

Roll of water in the plant, photosynthesis, respiration, digestion, ir- 
ritability, growth and fertilization. 

c. Ecology. 

Modifications, dissemination, cross-pollination, light relations of green 
tissue and special habitats. 

PART II. The natural history of the plant groups and classification. 
A comprehensive study of the great natural group of plants. Selections 
may be made from the folowing: 

a. Algae. Pleurococcus, Sphaerella, Spirogyra, Vaucheria, Fucus, Nem- 
alion. 

b. Fungi. Bacteria, Rhizopus, or Mucor, Yeast, Puccinia, Corn Smut, 
Mushroom. 

c. Lichens. Physcia (or Parmelia or Usnea). 

d. Bryophytes. In Hepaticae, Radula and in Musci, Mnium. 

e. Pteridophytes. In Filicineae, Aspidium, or equivalent, including 
the prothallus. In Equesetinae, Equisetum. In Lycopodinae, Lyco- 
podium, and Selaginella. 

f. Gymnosperms. Pinus or equivalent. 



30 BULLETIN 

g. Angiosperms. A monocotyledon and dicotyledon. 

The applicant shall present a certified note-book of individual labor- 
atory work of at least double the amount of time given to recitation. 
Special stress should be laid upon accurate drawings and precise descrip- 
tions. 

ZOOLOGY 

Elementary Zoology — One unit. 

1. The general natural history — including general external structure 
in relation to adaptations, life histories, geographical range, relations 
to other plants and animals, and economic relations— -of common verte- 
brates. 

Suggested types are a mammal, bird, lizard, snake, turtle, newt, frog, 
dogfish or shark, bony fish, clam, snail, starfish, earthworm, hydra, sea 
anemone, paramoecium. 

Pupils should be familiar with orders of insects or with crustaceans, 
spiders and myriapods. 

Actual examination of common animals with the above should be 
supplemented by reading giving natural history information. 

Laboratory work required. 

Certified note-books should be presented. 

In general, the work as outlined by the College Entrance Examination 
Board will be accepted. 

CHEMISTRY 
Elementary Chemistry — One unit. 
The candidate's preparation should include: 

1. Individual laboratory work, comprising at least forty exercises from 
a list of sixty or more as outlined by the College Entrance Examination 
Board. 

2. Instruction by lecture-table demonstrations, to be used mainly as 
a basis for questioning upon the general principles involved in the pupil's 
laboratory investigations. 

3. The study of at least one standard text-book, to the end that the 
pupil may gain a comprehensive and connected view of the most import- 
ant facts and laws of Elementary Chemistry, Brownlee Principles in 
Chemistry, or its equivalent is required. 

HISTORY 

History a — One unit. 

Ancient History, with special reference to Greek and Roman history, 
including also a brief study of the ancient civilization and bringing the 
study down to the death of Charlemagne. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 31 

History b — One unit. 

Medieval and Modern History, from the death of Charlemagne to 
the present time. 

History c — One unit. 
English History. 

History d— One unit. 
American History and Civics. 

GEOGRAPHY 
Physical Geography — One unit. 

a. The Earth as a Globe. 

b. The Ocean. '~ 

c. The Atmosphere — including weather instruments and the United 
States Weather Map. 

d. The land. 

e. Volcanoes. 

f. Rivers. 

g. Glaciers. 

h. Relation of man, plants, and animals to climate, land forms, and 
oceanic areas. 

A notebook certified to by the teacher in charge is required in all cases 
for one unit. Otherwise one-half unit only may be offered. 

DRAWING 
Free-hand Drawing — One unit. 

1. The applicant must be able to sketch with fairly steady and clean 
lines any figures or combinations of figures, polygons, spirals, or the like. 

2. He shall be able to sketch common objects such as furniture and 
utensils with reasonable accuracy and correctness of proportion. 

3. Also to sketch from copy, enlarging or reducing dimensions, any 
simple object, such as a valve or title pattern. 

A notebook with drawings approved and certified to by the teacher 
must be presented in order to receive credit. 



32 



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36 BULLETIN 

PHILOSOPHY AND EDUCATION 

PHILOSOPHY 
PROFESSOR SPANGLER 

1. Psychology — Two hours. Throughout the year. 

Special emphasis will be upon (1) the application of psychological laws 
to practical life, and (2) the philosophical bearing of certain psychological 
principles. Six weeks will be devoted to a consideration of the essentials 
of Logic. 

2. Introduction to Philosophy — Two hours. First Semester. 

3. History of Philosophy — Two hours. Second Semester. 

In this course, the aim will be (1) to trace the development of philosophy, 
pointing out what of permanent value each system, as it arose, contributed 
toward a final solution of the problem of the nature of being, and (2) to 
show the interaction between philosophic thought and the practical life 
of the period during which it flourished. 

4. The Philosophy of Religion — Two hours. Second Semester. 

5. Ethics — Two hours. Throughout the year. 

This course will be primarily constructive and only in so far critical 
and historical as its constructive purpose demands. Much attention 
will be given to the practical bearing of the doctrine set forth on the press- 
ing problems of today — such as individualism, the integrity of our social 
institutions, the problems which grow out of progress, etc. 

6. Theism — Two hours. First Semester. 

A course in the grounds of theistic belief. Elective for Seniors. 

7. Child Psychology — Two hours. First Semester. 

8. Bible Psychology and Education — Two hours. Second Semester 

9. Religious Education — Two hours. Throughout the year. 

EDUCATION 

PROFESSOR GRIMM 

1. History of Education — Two hours. Throughout the year. 

A study of pedagogical theories and practices, from the early days of 
China to the present, with some reaction upon the doctrines discussed. 

2. School Management and School Law — Two hours. Second 
Semester. 

A consideration of the practical problems involved in class manage- 
ment and in school supervision. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 37 

3. Secondary Education — Three hours. First Semester. 

This course deals primarily with the American High School of to-day 
but some attention will also be given to the history of our secondary 
school system in the United States and to the secondary schools of Europe. 
The course will consist of two parts: (1) The general problems of the high 
school, and (2) The high school curriculum. 

Surveys of at least one ungraded and one graded school must be made 
and reported by each member of the class. 

Practice teaching in local schools will be required. 

DEPARTMENT OF LATIN 

PROFESSOR HOLTZHAUSSER 

1. Livy; Cicero: De Senectute — Selections. Three hours. First 
Semester. 

2. Ovid — Selections. Three hours. Second Semester. 

3. Horace: Odes and Epodes — Pre-requisites, Latin 1 and 2. Three 
hours. First Semester. 

4. Horace: Satires and Epistles — Pre-requisites, Latin 1 and 2. 
Three hours. Second Semester. 

5. Plautus and Terence: Selected Comedies — Pre-requisites, Latin 
3 and 4. Three hours. One Semester. 

6. Pliny: Letters. Giving a picture of the historical, political and 
private life of Rome in the first century A. D. Pre-requisites, Latin 3 
and 4. Three hours. One Semester. 

7. Cicero: Letters. Giving a picture of the historical, political and 
private life of Rome in the first century B. C. Pre-requisites, Latin 3 and 
4 — Three hours. One Semester. 

8. Tacitus and Suetonius — Selections. Pre-requisites, Latin 3 and 
4. Three hours. One Semester. 

9. Latin Prose Composition — Open only to students who are taking 
or have taken Latin 3 and 4. One hour. Throughout the year. 

10. Latin Tragedy. 

11. Rapid Reading Course in Latin Prose Writers — Two hours. 
Throughout the year. 

HISTORY AND POLITICAL SCIENCE 

HISTORY 

PROFESSOR SPANGLER 
1. Medieval and Early Modern History — Two hours. Through- 
out the year. A study of the life and institutions of the Middle Ages; the 
Renaissance and the Reformation. 



38 BULLETIN 

Thatcher and Schwill's Europe in the Middle Ages, Schwill's Modern 
Europe, Robinson's Readings. 

2. European History from the accession of Louis XIV to the present 
time. Two hours. Throughout the year. 

Robinson and Beard, The Development of Modern Europe, Volumes I 
and II, Robinson's Readings. 

3. History of England — Two hours. Throughout the year. 

A brief review of the Anglo-Saxon period; a more thorough study of 
the period following the Norman Conquest, and an intensive study of 
the Tudor period and the Revolution. 

Terry: History of England, Cheyney; Introduction to the Social and 
Industrial History of England, Cheyney; Readings in English History 

POLITICAL SCIENCE 

PROFESSOR GINGRICH 

4. Constitutional Law — Three hours. Throughout the year. 

A course designed to give the student a working knowledge of the funda- 
mental laws of the United States. The course is devoted chiefly to the 
study of leading cases. 

Young's "The New American Government and Its Work" supplemented 
with lectures. 

5. Political Science — Three hours. First Semester. 

A study of various theories of the state and of the structure and province 
of government. 
Garner: Elements of Political Science. 

6. International Law — Three hours. Second Semester. 

A course in the fundamental principles of International law. Much 
time is given to the study of important cases. 
Hershey: Essentials of International Public Law. 

7. Money and Banking — Three hours. Second Semester. 

This course aims to familiarize the student with the monetary history 
of the United States, the history of banks and banking, the operation of 
banks and clearing houses and with the fundamental laws of banking in 
the United States. 

White: Money and Banking. 

8. United States Political and Constitutional History — Three 
hours. Throughout the year. 

A course devoted to the careful study of American political history, 
emphasizing especially matters relating to the adoption and interpretation 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 39 

of the Constitution, the reported proceedings of conventions, the formation 
and development of political parties, the examination of historical docu- 
ments and the discussion of the leading political issues. Extensive read- 
ing of assigned subjects is reauired. 

ECONOMICS AND SOCIOLOGY 

PROFESSOR GINGRICH 

1. Economics — Three hours. Throughout the year. 

The work of the first semester deals with economic theory. The second 
semester is devoted to the consideration of practical current problems. 
Fetter: Economic Principles, Volumes I and II. 

2. Theory of Sociology — T-wo hours. Throughout the year. 

The course is intended to give the student a knowledge of the various 
theories of society together with the place of Sociology in the general 
field of learning. The modern social problems are considered at length. 

3. Social Psychology — Two hours. Second Semester. 

A study of the psychic planes and "currents existing in society which 
result from the interaction of its members. 
Ross: Social Psychology. 

MATHEMATICS 

PROFESSOR LEHMAN 

1. Advanced Algebra — Four hours. First Semester. 

Covering ratio and proportion, variation, progressions, the binomial 
theorem, theorem, of undetermined coefficients, logarithms, permutations 
and combinations, theory of equations, partial fractions, etc. 

2. Plane and Spherical Trigonometry — Four hours. Second Se- 
mester. 

Definitions of trigonometric functions, geniometry, right and oblique 
triangles, measuring angles to compute distances and heights, develop- 
ment of trigonometric formulae, solution of right and oblique spherical 
triangles, applications to Astronomy. 

3. Analytic Geometry — Three hours. Throughout the year. 

The equations of the straight line, circle, parabola, and hyperbola are 
studied, numerous examples solved, and as much of the higher plane curves 
and of the geometry of space is covered as time will permit. 

4. Differential Calculus — Three hours. First Semester. 
Differentiation of algebraic and transcendental functions, maxima and 

minima, development into series, tangents, normals, evolutes, envelopes, 
etc. 



40 BULLETIN 

5. Integral Calculus — Three hours. Second Semester. 
Integrations, rectification of curves, quadrature of surfaces, cubature 

of solids, etc. 

6. Plane Surveying — Three hours. Second Semester. 

A study of the instruments, field work, computing areas, plotting, lev- 
eling, etc. 

7. Differential Equations — Three hours. First Semester. 
A course in the elements of different equations. Murray. 
Prerequisite, Mathematics, 3, 4, and 5. 

8. Analytic Mechanics — Three hours. Second Semester. Browser. 
Prerequisite, Mathematics 7. 

ASTRONOMY 

PROFESSOR LEHMAN 

1. General Astronomy — Three hours. First Semester. 

A course in descriptive astronomy. Reports on assigned readings. 
Important constellations and star groups are studied. 

A fine four-and-a-half-inch achromatic telescope adds to the interest 
of the subject. 

Open to Juniors and Seniors. 

GERMAN LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE 

PROFESSOR SELTZER 

1. Freshman German — Three hours. Throughout the year. 
Literature of the 19th century. Fouque's Undine, Heine's Die Harz- 

reise, Freytag's Die Journalisten, Scheffel's Ekkehard, Mueller's Deutsche 
Liebe; Deutsche Gedichte, Wenkebach's Composition. 

2. Sophomore German — Three hours. Throughout the year. 
Literature of the 18th century. Representative works of Lessing, 

Schiller, and Goethe will be read, discussed, and compared. 

3. Junior German — Three hours. Throughout the year. 
Prerequisite German 2. General view of German Literature. Rapid 

reading of representative authors of each period; reading of selections 
from German History, Freytag's Ausdem Jahrundert des Grossen Kreiges. 
Reports in German on assigned work. This course alternates with Ger- 
man 6. Will be given in 1918-19. 

6. Elective-Goethe — Three hours. Throughout the year. 

Prerequisite German 2. Study of Goethe's life and works; intensive 
study of Goethe's prose, poetry and drama; essays in German required. 
This course alternates with German 3. Will not be given 1918-19. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 41 

7. Elective-Practical German — One hour. Throughout the year. 

Prerequisite German 3 or 6. This course aims to meet the needs of those 
who intend to teach German. Hour will be arranged to suit the con- 
venience of the class. 

ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE 

PROFESSORS M'LEAN AND ADAMS 

1. Theory and Practice of English Composition — Two hours. 
Throughout the year. 

This course includes a thorough study of (1) the technique and develop- 
ment of the sentence -and the paragraph and (2) the forms of composition, 
weekly themes, recitations and lectures. 

Texts: Genung's Working Principles of Rhetoric and Lomer and Ash- 
raun's Study and Practice of Writing English. 

2. Public Speaking — One hour. Throughout the year. 

This course aims to give the students practice in the fundamentals of 
oral expression. Study of the lives and methods of great orators. Drill 
in interpreting and delivering orations and other forms of literature. 
Extemporaneous speaking, arguments, occasional speeches and original 
orations, impersonation, characterization, dramatic study and presenta- 
tion of scenes from some of Shakespeare's plays. 

3. History of English Literature — Two hours. Throughout the 
year. 

This course deals with the work of all the leading authors from the 
earliest time to the present. 

Texts: Saintsbury's A Short History of English Literature and Century 
Selections of Readings in English Literature. 

English I pre-requisite. 

4a — Two hours. First Semester. English 3 presupposed. 

Eighteenth Century Prose Writers. 

This course is conducted by means of lectures, reports by members of 
the class and recitations, which concern themselves, in the main, with 
Swift, Steele, Addison, Bolingbroke, Berkeley as a man of letters and 
Burke. 

Text: E. Gosse, History of English Literature in the Eighteenth Century. 

4b — Two hours. Second Semester. 

Nineteenth Century Poets. Method as in 4 above. 

The work of this semester is devoted principally to Tennyson and Robert 
Browning with preliminary consideration of Coleridge, Keats, Shelly, 
Byron and Scott. 

Text: G. Saintsbury's History of Nineteenth Century Literature. 



42 BULLETIN 

5. Shakespeare — Three hours. Throughout the year. 

The development of the drama is traced from its beginning to the end 
of the Elizabethan period. Shakespeare's plays are then critically studied. 

Texts: Neilson's Chief Elizabethan Dramatists; Boas, Shakespeare and 
His Predecessors; Rolfe's Edition of Shakespeare. English 3 pre- 
supposed 

6a. Advanced Composition — Two hours. First Semester. 

A course dealing with the principles of criticism and the analysis of the 
short story. 

Texts: Gayley and Scott, Introduction to the Methods and Material of 
Literary Criticism and Albright's Short Story. 

6b. Argumentation — Two hours. Second Semester. 

Typical Specimens of Literary, forensic and scientific argumentation are 
analyzed and criticized in class. Students are required to write several 
argumentative essays during the semester. 

Text: Baker's Argumentation. 

6b. in connection with English 6a constitutes a year of advanced 
composition. English I pre-supposed. 

7a. Early English — Two hours. First Semester. 

This course, together with English 7b constitutes a year of English 
philology. Early English grammar and sounds are studied. Portions of 
Beowulf are read with due attention to Anglo-Saxon Metres. 
. Text: Smith's Old English Grammar and Exercise Book. 

7b. Middle English including Chaucer. Two hours. Second 
Semester. 

Texts: MacCracken's College Chaucer, MacLean's Old and Middle 
English Reader. 

English 7a a pre-requisite. 

DEPARTMENT OF FRENCH 

PROFESSOR SCHMAUK AND MRS. GREEN 

1. First Year French — Three hours. Throughout the year. 

This course includes a drill in French pronunciation and grammar with 
exercises in dictation and composition (Thieme and Effinger's French 
Grammar); and the reading of the following texts or their equivalents: 
Daudet, Conies choisis; Dumas, L'Evasion du Due de Beaufort; Labiche- 
Martin, 1° Voyage de M. Perrichon. 

2. Second Year French — Three hours. Throughout the year. 
Grammar composition, dictation and the reading and interpretation of 

such texts as the following: Erckmann-Chatrian, Le Consent de 1813; 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 43 

Ca et La en France; Standard French Authors, Guerlac; Lectures Histor- 
iques, Moffett; La Mare au Diable, George Sand; Le Monde ou Von s'ennuie. 

3. French Literature of the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Cen- 
turies — Three hours. Throughout the year. 

Study of the classic drama. Reading and reports on works of Corneille, 
Moliere, Racine, and other representative writers. Given in 1917-18. 

4. French Literature of the Nineteenth Century — Three hours. 
Throughout the year. 

Study of eminent modern authors. Reports on works assigned for 
private readings. Given in 1918-19. 

5. Practical Course in French Conversation and Composition — 

One hour. Throughout the year. 

GREEK LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE 

PROFESSOR SHROYER 

1. Elementary Greek — Three hours. Throughout the year. 
Xenophon: Four Books of the Anabasis. Greek Prose. 

2. Sophomore Greek— Three hours. Throughout the year. 
Homer: Three books of the Iliad, scansion, sight translation, epic poetry. 

Greek antiquities, Greek literature and Greek prose. 

3. Junior Greek — Three hours. Throughout the year. 
Herodotus: Selections from several of the books are read. Review of 

the Greek historians and the Persian Wars. 

Plato: Apology and Crito. The Athenian courts. 
New Testament. Readings in the Pauline epistles. 

4. Senior Greek — Three hours. Throughout the year. 

Xenophon, Memorabilia, or Demosthenes, De Corona. Socrates and 
the Socratic schools. The Attic oration. 

Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, or Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound. De- 
velopment of the Greek Drama. Greek tragedy, comedy, and theatre. 

5. Elective Greek — Three hours. Throughout the year. 

New Testament: Readings in the gospels of Mark and John and in 
the Pauline and Catholic epistles. The object of this course is exegetical 
and practical. It will include a study of the synoptic gospels and a survey 
of the letters of Paul. 

BIBLE 

PROFESSOR SHROYER 
1. Teacher Training Lessons — Hurlbut. 



44 BULLETIN 

2. Bible Doctrines — Sell. 

3. Introduction to New Testament History — Rail. 

4. Introduction to Old Testament History — Painter. 

5. Scientific Confirmations of Old Testament History — Wright. 

6. Social Institutions and Ideals of the Bible — Scares. 

Each course two hours. One Semester. 
Four courses required. 
Two courses elective. 

BIOLOGY 

PROFESSOR DERICKSON, MESSRS. M'CAULEY AND WALTER AND MISS HAINES 

1. General Biology — Three hours. Throughout the year. 

Two lectures or recitation and one laboratory period of two hours each 
week. 

The object of the course is to acquaint the student with the essential 
structures and processes of living things. 

Types of plants and animals are studied in the laboratory to illustrate 
the structure, properties, and activities of living protoplasm as manifested 
in individuals composed of a simple cell, of tissues, and of systems of or- 
gans. The principles of development, homology, classification, adapta- 
tion, evolution, and heredity are considered. 

The course is fundamental and it or its equivalent is required for ad- 
mission to all other courses in Biology. 

Required of Sophomores in all Courses. Elective for others. 

2. *Botany — Four hours. Throughout the year. 

Three lectures or recitations and two laboratory periods of two hours 
each, per week. The object of the course is to give to the student a broad, 
general knowledge of the plant kindgom. The form, structure, and 
functioning of one or more types of each of the divisions of algae, fungi, 
liverworts, mosses, ferns, and flowering plants are studied. Special 
attention is given to the ontogeny and phylogeny of the several groups 
suggestive of evolution. 

Experiments are performed in the laboratory to determine some of 
the relations of plants to water, gravitation, temperature, and light. 
Several types of seeds are studied as to their structure, germination, and 
development. The principles of classification are learned by the analysis 



*Biology 2 and Biology 3 are given in alternate years. Biology 2 will 
be given in 1918-1919. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 45 

and identification of representatives of at least twenty-five orders of sperma- 
tophytes. 

The laboratory and class-room work is supplemented by frequent field 
trips. 

Each student is supplied with a compound microscope, dissecting in- 
struments, note and drawing materials. 

3. *Zoology — Four hours. Throughout the year. 

Three lectures and two laboratory periods of two hours each, per week. 

The principles of biology are learned by making a careful comparative 
study of representatives of several phyla of animals. The amoeba, eug- 
lena, Paramecium, vorticella, sponge, hydra, starfish, earthworm, crayfish, 
grasshopper, mussel, amphioxus, and frog are studied. A careful study 
is made of the embryology of the frog. The process of development is 
closely watched from the segmenting of the egg until metamorphosis takes 
place. Each student is taught the principles of technic by preparing and 
sectioning embryos at various stages of development. From these and 
other microscopic preparations the development of the internal organs 
and origin of tissues is studied. This is followed by a histological study of 
the tissues of the adult frog. 

Each student is required to keep a record of all work done in the labor- 
atory in carefully prepared notes and drawings. 

Texts: Hegner's College Zoology, Holms' The Frog. 

4. fComparative Vertebrate Anatomy — Four hours. Throughout 
the year. Six hours' laboratory work and two conferences each week. 

The course consists of the dissection and thorough study of a suctorial 
fish, a cartilaginous fish, a bony fish, an amphibian, a reptile, a bird, and 
a mammal. Carefully labeled drawings are required of each student as 
a record of each dissection. 

Text-books: Pratt's Vertebrate Zoology, Kingsley's Text-book of Verte- 
brate Zoology. 

5. tVertebrate Histology and Embryology — Four hours. 
Histology — Two conferences and six hours of laboratory work per 

week. The normal histology of the mammalian body is made the basis of 
the class work. Each student is required to acquire a practical knowl- 
edge of all phases of histological technic. 

All the tissues as well as the structure of all of the organs of the body 
are studied. Each student prepares about one hundred and fifty slides. 



*Biology 2 and Biology 3 are given in alternate years. Biology 2 will 
be given in 1918-1919. 

tBiology 4 and Biology 5 are given in alternate years. Biology 4 will 
be given in 1918-1919. 



46 BULLETIN 

Text-book: A Manual of Histology and Organography, Hill. 
Elective for Juniors and Seniors. 

Embryology — Second week in March to the end of the year. Two 
lectures and six hours of laboratory work per week. The laboratory work 
is based on the development of the chick and comparisons made with 
that of the frog and mammal. A study is made of living embryos at 
various stages of development. These are later killed, prepared, and 
sectioned by the student for the study of the development of the internal 
organs. Fully labeled drawings are required. 

Text-books: Chordate Development, Kellicott. 

Elective for Juniors and Seniors. 



CHEMISTRY 

PROFESSOR WANNER AND MR. BUNDERMAN 

1 A. Elementary Inorganic Chemistry — Four hours. Through- 
out the year. 

Two hours lectures, demonstrations, or recitations, and six hours labor- 
atory work. 

This course presupposes no previous knowledge of chemistry. 

Individual laboratory practice, on the general principles involved in 
elementary chemistry, is required of each student. About two hundred 
selected experiments are required. 

Text-books: Laboratory Outline of College Chemistry by Alexander Smith 
and General Chemistry for Colleges by Alexander Smith. 

1 B. General Inorganic Chemistry — Four hours. Throughout the 
year. 

Two hours lectures or recitations and a minimum of six hours of labora- 
tory work. 

Prerequisite — A high-school course in chemistry covering a year's work 
as outlined in the admission requirements. A more advanced course in 
general chemistry. A thorough study of the laws and theories of chem- 
istry, the non-metallic and metallic elements and their compounds. 

In the laboratory each student performs two hundred experiments 
selected from Experimental Inorganic Chemistry by Alexander Smith. 

Text-book: Inorganic Chemistry by Alexander Smith. 

2 A. Qualitative Analysis — Four hours. First Semester. 

One hour lecture or conference and a minimum of eight hours labor- 
atory work. 
Pre-requisite — Chemistry 1 A. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 47 

The theory and practice involved in the detection of the elements. 
Also the application of the electrolytic dissociation theory to qualitative 
analysis. 

In the laboratory the student's knowledge of the subject is tested by 
frequent unknowns. 

Text-book: Qualitative Analysis by A. A. Noyes. 

2 B. Qualitative Analysis — Four hours. Throughout the year. 

One hour conference or lecture and a minimum of eight hours labora- 
tory work. 

Pre-requisite — Chemistry 1 B. 

A study of the theories of solutions and ionization and their applica- 
tions in qualitative analysis. 

Text-books: Qualitative Chemical Analysis, Vols. I. and II. by J. Stieg- 
litz. 

3. Quantitative Analysis — Four hours. Second Semester. 

One hour lecture and a minimum of eight hours laboratory work. Sec- 
ond Semester. 

Pre-requisite, Chemistry 2. 

A few simple gravimetric and volumetric determinations and a study of 
the chemical operations involved. 

The determinations of the more important elements. The complete 
analysis of limestone. The analysis of a few common ores and alloys. 

Text-book: Talbot's Quantitative Analysis. 

4. Quantitative Analysis — Four hours. Throughout the year. 
One hour lecture and eight hours laboratory work. 
Prerequisite Chemistry 3. 

Advanced gravimetric analysis. 
Advanced volumetric analysis. 
Text-book: Olsen's Quantitative Analysis. 

5. Organic Chemistry — Four hours. Throughout the year. 
Two hours lectures and six hours laboratory work. 
Prerequisite Chemistry 1. 

Introduction to, and study of the fundamental principles of organic 
chemistry. 

The aliphatic compounds. 

The aromatic compounds. 

The laboratory work consists in the preparation and purification of a 
number of typical organic compounds. 

Text-books: Perkin and Kippin's Organic Chemistry, and Gatterman's 
Practical Methods of Organic Chemistry. 

6. Industrial Chemistry — Two hours lectures and recitations. 
Prerequisite, Chemistry 1. 



48 BULLETIN 

A study of the practical applications of chemistry. 

Trips are taken to industrial plants in the immediate vicinity. 

Text-book: Thorpe's Industrial Chemistry. 

GEOLOGY 

PROFESSOR WANNER 

1. General Geology — Three hours. Second Semester. 
Three hours lectures and recitations. 

Dynamical, structural, and historical geology. 

Also some practical work in the geological field trips in the immediate 
vicinity. 
Text-book: Geology, Chamberlain and Salisbury. 

PHYSICS 

PROFESSOR GRIMM 

Physics 1. General Physics — Four hours. Throughout the year. 

Three hours lectures and recitation and four hours laboratory work 
per week. The course will be a thorough course in the fundamental 
principles of physical science and is especially intended as a preparation 
for Physics 2, 3, and 4, and for those interested in the practical applica- 
tions of physical laws and principles. This course may be taken by those 
who have had no High School Physics. 

Text-book: Millikan and Gale's A First Course in Physics and Carhart's 
College Physics and Ames and Bliss's Laboratory Manual. 

Laboratory hours Thursday and Friday afternoons and Saturday 
morning. 

2. Advanced Physics — Mechanics — 'Four hours. One Semester. 
This course will be a thorough investigation of the mechanics of solids, 

liquids, and gases and sound. 
First Semester 1919-1920. 

3. Advanced Physics — Electricity and Magnetism — Four hours. 
One Semester. 

This course will be a thorough consideration of the laws of the electric 
and magnetic fields and the power applications of electricity. 
First Semester 1918-1919. 

4. Advanced Physics — Heat and Light — Four hours. One Semester. 
This course will be concerned with the nature of heat and light and the 

transmission of each through various media including reflection, refrac- 
tion and dispersion. 
Second Semester 1918-1919. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 49 

Text-books: Kimball's College Physics, and a special text for each of 
courses 2, 3, and 4. 
The Calculus will be a very great aid in these courses. 



PHYSICAL CULTURE 

The work begins December 1 and continues until the end of the winter 
term. The work consists of gymnastic classes two days a week. Two 
years' work in college is required for graduation. This work is required 
of all Resident, Special, and Resident Preparatory students. 

The work consists of marching, calisthenic drills, elementary work on 
the heavy apparatus, folk dancing, and group games. 

The aim of the course will be to keep the students in good physical 
condition and to prepare them to handle similar work in grade or high 
schools. 

In addition to the college work some special work is being done by 
this department. A class for high school boys meets three times each 
week and is taught by one of the college men. A class for high school 
girls is taught by several of the college girls. The men from the factory 
are given one night each week for basket ball. 

1. Freshman Physical Culture — One-half hour. Two hours per 
week, December 1 to April 1. 

2. Sophomore Physical Culture — One-half hour. Two hours per 
week, December 1 to April 1. 



ORATORY AND PUBLIC SPEAKING 

PROFESSOR ADAMS 

The work of this department is primarily personal culture, the highest 
development of the personality of the student. "The development of 
the art of oratory is the development of the orator himself." 

The course requires two years of study of prescribed work. Upon 
the completion of the studies a certificate is awarded. 

Students entering the regular course must have had a high-school course 
or its equivalent. 

A recital is given at least once a term for which the students are care- 
fully prepared. These afford the students public platform practice by 
which they gain confidence and experience. 

Each Senior is required to adapt and arrange a program for a public 
recital, from some piece of literature approved by the instructor. 



50 BULLETIN 

Description of Courses 

1. Public Speaking. (English 2) One hour. Throughout the year. 
Required of Sophomores. Open to others at discretion of instructor. 
This aims to give the student practice in the fundamentals of oral 

expression. Physical and voice exercises for securing poise, freedom, 
and unity, breathing and articulation, placing and radiation of tones. 

Study of the lives and methods of great orators. Drill in interpreting 
and delivering orations and other forms of literature. 

Extemporaneous speaking, arguments, occasional speeches and orig- 
inal orations, impersonation, characterization, dramatic study and pre- 
sentation of scenes from some of Shakespeare's plays. 

2. Voice Training. Exercises for breath control, for freeing of voice 
by proper placing and direction of tone, purity, flexibility, radiation, res- 
onance, and power; pitch, volume, and inflection in emphasis. Tone 
color and form, ideal and imaginative qualities in tone. Diction. 

Given daily throughout course. 

3. Literary Interpretation. Development of the principles of 
Public Address. 

a. Evolution of Expression. Two hours. Throughout the year. 
Study of selections from great orators, essayists, poets, and dramatists. 

Practical drill work before class for developing power of student through 
application of principles to his individual needs. Personal criticism and 
guidance to bring out originality of student. 

b. Perfective Laws of Art. Two hours. Throughout the year. Ex- 
pressive study of different forms of literature with particular attention 
to the laws of art which logically follow the sixteen steps of the Evolu- 
tion. Dramatic work. 

(Two hours credit in college is given for each of above courses, a and b, 
when taken with one private lesson a week). 

c. Poetic Interpretation. One hour. Throughout the year. Special 
interpretation and critical study of the great poets, with presentation 
and criticism before class, to acquaint student with masters of literary 
art, to develop appreciation of music and suggestiveness of poetry, and 
imaginative and poetic elements in work. Study of poetic forms. 

Attention is given to the choice, adaptation, and abridgment of selec- 
tions for public reading. 

4. Dramatic and Platform Art — One hour. Throughout the year. 

Interpretation and dramatic study of Hamlet, Macbeth, Othello, Mer- 
chant of Venice, Julius Caesar, and As You Like It. Presentation of 
prepared scenes for criticism. Practical work in stage business, deport- 
ment and grouping. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 51 

Platform deportment, correct bearing and presentation before audience. 
Platform methods and traditions. Pantomime, study of emotions. Free- 
dom and responsiveness in bodily expression. 

Sketches and plays are given from time to time during the year, which 
with the annual college play, provide special dramatic training for many. 

Private lessons, with attention to special needs of the students, either 
in overcoming habits, or in personal development and repertoire, are given 
throughout the course to supplement the class work. More time is given 
to selections, arrangement of programs, writing introductions, etc. One 
hour a week. 

5. Physical Training. Exercises for securing poise, bearing, free- 
dom and ease in movement; to gain control over body and render it re- 
sponsive to thought. Responsive in bearing and dramatic attitudes. 
Gesture drill for definite expressions through different realms. 

Given daily throughout course. 

6. English Literature. 

English Literature (English 3). 
Composition and Rhetoric (English 1). 

7. Psychology. (Philosophy 1). 

8. Normal Training and Methods — One hour. Throughout the 
year. Practice in teaching and class management. Under the direc- 
tion and criticism of the instructor the Seniors conduct class work, lecture 
upon principles, and discuss their application. 

TUITION 

Matriculation and Physical Culture, $6.00. Non-resident students may 
be exempted from physical culture. 

All tuition is payable in advance. No reduction allowed for absence 
for the first or second week of the terms, nor for lessons missed during 
the terms except in case of protracted illness. 

Regular Course, $80 per year, payable quarterly in advance. 

Special courses in Literary Interpretation, with one private lesson 
a week, giving 2 hours credit, $40 per year, payable quarterly in advance. 

Private lessons, $1.00. 

Other classes will be formed when there is a call for any special line of 
work. 

Fee for certificate, $5.00. 



LEBANON VALLEY ACADEMY 



Preparatory School 

of 

Lebanon Valley College 



FOUNDED 1866 



ANNVILLE, PA 



54 BULLETIN 

FACULTY 

PAUL S. WAGNER, A.B. 

Principal, Mathematics 

CLARA A. HOLTZHAUSSER, A.M. 
Latin 

N. B. BUCHER 

Geometry 

N. C. POTTER 
Algebra 

W. N. MARTIN 
Algebra 

LOUISA I. WILLIAMS 
First Year Latin 

MARGUERITE ENGLE 
Caesar 

MERAB GAMBLE 
Cicero 

CHARLES W. GEMMILL AND RUFUS W. SNYDER 

Assistants in the Physical Laboratory 

KATHRYN O. RUTH 

Elementary German and Third Year English 

RUTH LOSER 
Second Year German and Arithmetic 

M. ELIZABETH GALLATIN 

Fourth Year English 

DOROTHY LORENZ 

Elementary English 

ADA BEIDLER 

English Grammar 

JESSE O. ZEIGLER 
Ancient History 

H. W. KATERMAN 
Physical Geography 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 55 

HISTORICAL 

Lebanon Valley Academy was established in 1866. For forty-nine 
years it has cherished the ideals of full and accurate scholarship, and 
the development of character that fits one for the largest service to society. 
From its inception, college preparatory work has been its main purpose, 
but its curriculum has been well adapted to the needs of those who have 
entered immediately into practical life or professional study. 

EXAMINATIONS 

Examinations are held at the close of each half year. Other examin- 
ations will be held whenever the completion of a subject warrants such 
examination. At this time reports are sent to parents and guardians. 
More frequent reports are sent when requested by parents. In the Ac- 
ademy records, A signifies excellent; B, very good; C, fair; D, low but 
passing; E, conditioned; F, repeat in class. An "E" record may be 
removed by a test on any part of the course in which the record is poor. 
For such test a fee of one dollar is charged. An "F" may not be removed 
by a special examination. 

For special tests, given on work not completed because of absence or 
otherwise, a fee of one dollar is charged. For special examinations a fee 
of two dollars is charged. 

ADMISSION 

The applicant should be at least twelve years of age. While no entrance 
examination is required, it is expected that the applicant shall have com- 
pleted the ordinary common school branches. 

Each student shall bring with him a certified statement of work done 
in the school last attended. Blanks for such certification will be provided 
by the school. Tentative credit will be given for work thus certified, 
and the student will be permitted to take up his work as near as possible 
where he left off, but any previous work found to be unsatisfactory will 
have to be repeated. 

Students will be received at any time, but in general it is to the student's 
advantage to enter in September, or less preferably, at the beginning of 
the second Semester. However, the applicant usually finds enough work 
if he enters at any time. 

GRADUATION 

Any student who has completed 14 % units of work as outlined in the 
courses of study, provided that he has completed three units of Mathe- 
matics, three units of English, three units of Latin, one unit of Science, 
and one unit of History, shall be entitled to the school diploma. If the 
candidate desires to enter Lebanon Valley College he shall arrange his 
work to meet the entrance requirements for the several courses. 



56 BULLETIN 

Students having completed only a partial course will be given certi- 
ficates for such work upon request. 

ACADEMY EXPENSES 

Matriculation $ 12.00 

Tuition 50.00 

Boarding 155.00 

Room Rent 20.00 

Heat and Light 6.00 

Dormitory Fee 5.00 

Contingent Fund 10 . 00 

Minimum Charges $258.00 

Minimum Total . $240.00 

The above table does not include personal expenses, books nor laundry. 
To those receiving no other aid $209.00 in cash, at the opening of school 
will cover the minimum cost for the year 1918-19 in the academy. Fur- 
ther details concerning expenses and regulations are found on pages 18 
to 21 of this catalogue. 

LABORATORY FEES 

Elementary Physics, per Semester $3.00 

Elementary Chemistry, per Semester 4.00 

DESCRIPTION OF COURSES 

A unit represents a year's study in any subject and is reckoned to be 
a quarter of the entire amount of work required of each student. How- 
ever, the four years of English aggregate but three units. 

For graduation fourteen and one-half units are required. The follow- 
ing courses are required of all applicants: 

Latin a, b, and c 3 units 

English a, b, c, and d 3 units 

Mathematics a, a-2, c, and b or d 3 units 

History 1 unit 

Science 1 unit 

Foreign Language 1 unit 

Total 12 units 

The remaining 2y 2 units may be chosen from the following list. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 57 

Physical Culture is required of all students for which one-half unit 
credit may be given. 

OUTLINE OF COURSES 

First Year 

Latin a Beginners' Latin 5 hours 

English a English Grammar and Classics 4 hours 

Mathematics a Advanced Arithmetic 4 hours 

Mathematics a-2 First Year Algebra 4 hours 

fScience a Physical Geography. 4 hours 

fDrawing 4 hours 

Second Year 

Latin b Caesar and Composition 4 hours 

English b Rhetoric and Classics 4 hours 

Mathematics c Plane Geometry 4 hours 

fHistory c 1 Ancient History. 4 hours 

fHistoryd J 

fGeometrical Drawing 4 hours 

Third Year 

Latin c Cicero and Composition 4 hours 

English c American Literature and Classics 4 hours 

German a Beginner's German 4 hours 

Science c 1 * J Biology 1 4 hour& 

Science e J [ Elementary Chemistry J 

fHistory b English History 4 hours 

Senior Year 

Latin d | f Virgil and Composition 4 hours 

German b \ ** < Second Year German 4 hours 

Greek a J [ First Year Greek 5 hours 

Science d Elementary Physics 4 hours 

English d College Entrance Requirements 4 hours 

Mathematics b 1 ** J Solid Geometry 1 4 hours 

Mathematics d J ' 1 Second Year Algebra J 

History a American History and Civics 4 hours 



fElective. 

*Required for graduates in Scientific Course. 

**Choose one. 



58 BULLETIN 



DESCRIPTION OF COURSES 

ENGLISH 

a-1. English Grammar — Advanced. First Semester. Four hours. 

This course is required of all pupils who have not had high-school gram- 
mar. Weekly themes are required. Reading: Irving's Sketch Book 
and Cooper's The Last of the Mohicans. 

a-2. Composition and Rhetoric — Second Semester. Four hours. 

Brooks' Composition and Rhetoric. Book I. 

Theme work based on experience and assignments for reading. Read- 
ing: Scott's Ivanhoe, Coleridge's The Ancient Mariner, Shakespeare's 
The Merchant of Venice, Scott's Marmion. 

b. Composition and Rhetoric — Throughout the year. One hour. 
Brooks' Composition and Rhetoric. Book I. 

Reading and Practice — Throughout the year. Three hours. 

George Eliot's Silas Marner, Shakespeare's As You Like It, Addison 
and Steele's The De Coverly Papers, Dickens' A Tale of Two Cities, Bun- 
yan's Pilgrim's Progress, Goldsmith's The Vicar of Wakefield. 

c. American Literature — Throughout the year. One hour. 
Newcomer's American Literature; rhetoric continued. 

Reading and Practice — Throughout the year. Two hours. 

Oral reading and careful study of Franklin's Autobiography, Haw- 
thorne's The House of Seven Gables, Hawthorne's Twice Told Tales, Shake- 
speare's Julius Caesar, Tennyson's Idylls of the King, Longfellow's Nar- 
rative Poems, Poe's Poems and Tales, Whittier's Snowbound. 

Composition — Throughout the year. One hour. 

Weekly themes required. 

d. Composition and Rhetoric — Throughout the year. One hour. 
Brooks' Composition and Rhetoric, Book Two, concluded. Weekly 

themes required. 

English Literature — Throughout the year. One hour. 
Newcomer's English Literature. 

Reading and Practice — Critical study of the English classics pre- 
scribed for college entrance. 

Shakespeare's Macbeth, Milton's Minor Poems, Tennyson's The Princess, 
Washington's Farewell Address, Webster's Bunker Hill Oration, Carlyle's 
Essay on Burns. 









LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 59 

LATIN 

The following Latin courses are arranged in accordance with the Col- 
lege Entrance Requirements. 

Latin a — Beginners' Latin. Throughout the year. Five hours. One 
unit. 

Smith's Latin Lessons is completed. Special emphasis is placed on 
the memorizing and classification of grammatical forms. Constant 
practice in turning short sentences illustrating the fundamental rules 
of syntax into Latin is required. 

Latin b — Caesar. Throughout the year. Four hours. One unit 
Caesar's Gallic Wars, Books I-IV. Thirty-six lessons in composition 
based on the text with as much sight reading as possible is required. Al- 
len and Greenough's Latin Grammar. 

Latin c — Cicero. Throughout the year. Four hours. One unit. 
Cicero's Manilian Law, Cataline I-IV, and Pro Archais, D'Oge's Latin 
Composition, Allen and Greenough's Latin Grammar. 

Latin d — Virgil. Throughout the year. Four hours. One unit. 

Virgil's Aeneid I-VI, Bennet's Composition, Allen and Greenough's 
Latin Grammar. 

Latin a, b, c, and d are required for admission to the Classical and 
Modern Language Courses of Lebanon Valley College. 

HISTORY 

History a — Throughout the year. Four hours. One unit. 

American History and Civics. Detailed Study of American History 
with special attention to the History of the United States. The latter 
part of the year will be devoted to a consideration of national, State, 
and county government. 

This course is required of all candidates for graduation. 

History b — Throughout the year. Four hours. One unit. 
Walker's Essentials of English History. Offered 1918-1919. 

History c and d — Throughout the year. Four hours. One unit. 

Ancient History with special reference to Greek and Roman History 
and including a short introductory study of the more ancient nations and 
the chief events of the early middle ages, down to the death of Charle- 
magne. Offered 1917-1918. 

GERMAN 

a Beginning German — Four hours. Throughout the year. One 
unit. 



60 BULLETIN 

Bacon's German Grammar, and the reading of 75 to 100 pages of grad- 
uated texts. Frequent reproduction from memory of sentences pre- 
viously read. 

b Second Year German — Four hours. Throughout the year. One 
unit. 

Oral and written reproduction of the matter read in easy variations. 

From 150 to 200 pages of literature are selected from the following 
list: Heyse's V Arrabbiata; Hillern's Hoecher als die Kirche; Storm's 
Immensee; Leander's Traeumerein, Zschokke's Der Zerbrochene Krug; 
Wilhelmi's Einer muss heiraten; Baumbach's Der Schwiegersohn. 

MATHEMATICS 

Mathematics a — Arithmetic. Half-year. Four hours. One-half 
unit. 

Rapid but thorough review of all the fundamental processes. Special 
drill in fractions, mensuration, percentage, the metric system, and modern 
business forms. 

Hamilton's Arithmetic. 

Mathematics a-2 — Throughout the year. Five hours. One unit. 
Beginner's Algebra to quadratics. Williams and Kempthorne's Algebra. 

Mathematics b — -Intermediate Algebra. Half-year. One-half unit. 
Second Year Algebra. This course must be offered for graduation by 
all candidates who do not offer Solid Geometry. 

Mathematics c — Plane Geometry. Four hours. One unit. 
Durell's New Plane and Solid Geometry. Taught largely from the 
standpoint of the original problems. 
This course is required for graduation. 

Mathematics d — Solid Geometry. Half-year. One-half unit. 
Durell's Solid Geometry. 

SCIENCE 

Science a — Physical Geography. Half-year. Four hours. One-half 
unit. 

Dryer's Physical Geography. The earth as a globe, the ocean, the 
atmosphere, the land, plains, plateaus, mountains, volcanoes, rivers, 
glaciers, geological formations and ages. 

A summary of the relation of man, plants, and animals to climate, 
land forms, and oceanic areas. 

Science d — Elementary Physics. Throughout the year. One unit. 
Three hours recitation and two hours laboratory, work per week. Me- 
chanics of solids, liquids, and gases, heat, magnetism, electricity. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 61 

No previous knowledge of Physics is required for admission to this 
course. 

Reed and Henderson's High School Physics. Forty experiments as 
outlined in the National Physics Note Book Sheets are required in the 
laboratory. 

Science e — Elementary Chemistry. Throughout the year. One- 
half unit. 

Two hours recitation and four hours laboratory work. 

The aim of the course is to present Chemistry to the beginner in such 
a way as to enable him to grasp the fundamental principles and to help 
him to secure a working knowledge of the Science in the laboratory. 

First Principles of Chemistry by Brownlee and others, and laboratory 
exercises accompanying same. 

DRAWING 
Free Hand Drawing — Half-year. Four hours. One-half unit. 

Geometrical Drawing — Half-year. Four hours. One-half unit. 

Drawing of geometrical figures, reconstruction of figures to a given 
scale, construction of scales to any given unit, projection of plane and 
solid figures, etc. 

Morris' Geometrical Drawing. 

PHYSICAL CULTURE 
Academy Physical Culture. Two hours per week December 1 to 
April 1. Required of all preparatory students. 

SUB-PREPARATORY COURSE 

Sometimes students of mature age come to us not fully prepared to enter 
the Academy. They have for various reasons attended school for but 
a short time and find it embarrassing to enter the public schools with 
scholars so much younger than themselves. For these we make special 
provision whenever occasion demands. However, at least sixteen hours 
of regular Academy work is required. 

ELECTION OF STUDIES 

There is considerable room for election of courses that have a special 
value to students intending to specialize. 

The principal advises students what subjects are fundamental to pro- 
fessional and engineering courses. 

FACTS TO BE CONSIDERED 

Although Academy students enjoy a number of the same features 
as college students, such as the use of an extended library, laboratories, 



62 BULLETIN 

the same social privileges, literary exercises, debates, Christian Associ- 
ations, etc., they are in many respects an entirely separate student body. 

SCHOLARSHIP 

A one hundred and forty dollar scholarship is awarded each year to 
the Academy graduate who has, according to the vote of the Faculty, 
attained the best class record and deported himself in accordance with 
the regulations. . 



Conservatory of Music 
and Art 



FACULTY 

E. EDWIN SHELDON, Mus. M. 
Pianoforte, Pipe Organ, Counterpoint, Composition 

IDA MANEVAL-SHELDON, MUS. B. 
Pianoforte, Harmony, Musical History 

GERTRUDE KATHERINE SCHMIDT 

Voice, Public School Music, Sight Singing 

PERCY MATHIAS LINEBAUGH, Mus. B. 
Pianoforte, Theory, Ear Training, Sight Playing 

ZELINE Von BEREGHY 
Violin, 'Cello 

MIRIAM RHEA OYER 

Tutor 

Musical Dictation 



f 
LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 65 

LOCATION AND EQUIPMENT 

The Engle Conservatory of Music is a handsome, three-story, stone 
structure. It contains a fine auditorium with large pipe-organ, director's 
room, studios, practice rooms, waiting, and writing room for students' 
use, large society rooms, lavatories, etc. The whole building is lighted by 
electricity, and heated by steam, and designed and furnished with a 
view to having it complete in every respect for the study of music in all 
its branches. A complete musical education, from the very first steps 
to the highest artistic excellence, may be secured. The director will use 
every effort to obtain positions for those students who have finished the 
courses, and who may wish to teach or perform in public. 

OBJECT 

The department has for its object the foundation and diffusion of a 
high and thorough musical education. The methods used are those fol- 
lowed by the leading European conservatories. The courses are broad, 
systematic, progressive, and as rapid as possible. The conservatory offers 
the means for a complete education in musical art at a moderate cost. 

DESCRIPTION OF COURSES 



Pianoforte 

The course in Pianoforte is divided into five divisions: Sub-Fresh- 
man, Freshman, Sophomore, Junior, and Senior. 

The course marked out must, however, necessarily be varied according 
to the ability and temperament of the pupils. Many works must be 
studied by all, but there is much that may be essential for one student 
and not at all necessary for another. Individual instruction only is given. 

A system of technics is used that is in line with the most approved 
methods. Special attention is paid to the development of a true legato 
touch and a clear, smooth technique. The use of the pedal, so much 
neglected, is emphasized. At the same time expression and interpre- 
tation are not neglected. Technical and theoretical ability is worthless, 
except as it enables the performer to bring out the beauties and mean- 
ing of the composer. 

By a recent act of the Executive Board arrangements were made for 
a teacher to give instruction to children and others in the elementary 
grades of the pianoforte course at a cost within the reach of all. This 
work is carried on according to the methods in use in the leading Con- 
servatories. 



66 BULLETIN 

For such instruction, the rate of tuition will be thirty cents per les- 
son. This enrollment as a regular student of the Conservatory will 
entitle the student to all privileges of the institution. The advantages 
to be derived from appearing in recital classes, receiving instruction in 
stage deportment, as well as opportunities for hearing and associating 
with other music students, are certain to act as incentives to better, more 
conscientious work. 

<■ Memorizing music is required of all students. It is a great acquisition 
to be able to perform a number of selections from memory. 

Sight Reading — This, although to a certain extent a natural gift, 
can be greatly improved by systematic work. One who can read well 
has all music at his command, while a poor reader has but a few pieces 
which may have been learned. 

Practice — Special effort is made to teach pupils how to practice. Dif- 
ficult places are pointed out and the students are taught how to learn 
them in the quickest and most thorough manner. Quality is of more 
value than quantity in practice. 

Ensemble Playing — It is impossible to overestimate the value of 
thorough training in duet, trio, and quartet playing. Students are given 
drill in these as well as in accompaniment playing. 

II. 
The Voice 

Students contemplating work in this department should bear in mind 
two important facts; first, that the natural ability to sing varies with 
every student, and secondly, that while the production of tone from any 
musical instrument is produced by artificial means, the elements that go 
to make up the human voice are composed of flesh and blood, subject 
to the most delicate nervous impulses. 

Hence the course in the Study of Voice must be varied according to 
the needs of the individual, and the success of the pupil depends largely 
upon the sympathetic insight of the teacher and the sincere co-operation 
in mind as well as body on the part of the student. 

The old Italian method as shown in Marchesi's "Art of Singing" will 
be used, and exercises from other standard texts will be given to suit the 
needs of the individual student. 

III. 
THE PIPE ORGAN 

The Pipe Organ — commonly called "The King of Instruments" — has 
made rapid strides in development during the last fifty years, and today 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 67 

is no longer regarded as an instrument solely for accompaniments and 
church use, but has taken its place among solo instruments and gained 
a distinct recognition from the music-loving public. A large field, there- 
fore, is open to the student of the organ. 

A new Three-Manual Moller Pipe Organ with detached console, modern 
in every respect, has recently been installed in the college chapel. 

The increased demand for organ instruction the past year has made 
necessary the addition of a Two-Manual Reed Organ with pedals for 
practice purposes. Both organs are connected with kinetic organ blow- 
ers which insures most satisfactory wind pressure with its steady, even 
tone as a result. 

The course outlined for this department is planned to provide the 
student with a repertoire for recital purposes and to satisfactorily meet 
the requirements of the organist in church. 

IV. 
The Violin 

Among the stringed instruments, the Violin stands as one of the oldest 
and has always been admired for its beautiful and thrilling strains. 

The musical possibilities within the compass of the violin are marvelous 
and unexcelled by any other instrument. The best artists of the olden 
and modern times were skilled on the violin and it appeals to those of 
the finest musical taste today. 

Nowhere in English literature do we find a nobler or more glowing 
tribute to the violin than is the little poem penned by our own immortal 
"Autocrat" where he places the violin among the highest order of musical 
instruments. 

V. 
Theoretical Music 

Theoretical studies are essential to rapid and comprehensive sight 
reading and to excellence in the higher grades of music. Good pedal- 
ing depends on a knowledge of harmony, and memorizing is greatly fac- 
ilitated by it. 

An intelligent insight into the foundation, upon which rests the art 
of music, gives interest to the pupils in their playing and singing and 
makes them musicians, as well as performers. 

VI. 
SOLOIST'S AND TEACHER'S COURSES 

Two courses leading to the granting of the diplomas are offered. Both 
toilow the same general course outlined on page 70. 



68 BULLETIN 

The Soloist's Course requires a satisfactory appearance in the annual 
recital by the Junior Class and an individual recital during the Senior 
year. 

The Teacher's Course is offered to those who wish to specialize for 
the teaching profession. Such pupils will be excused from the Junior 
and Senior recitals, but required to teach in the Normal department one hour 
per week for two years under the direction of a teacher of the Conservatory 
faculty in charge of such work. A Weekly Methods Class conducted by 
the teacher directing this department will bring to the attention of these 
student-teachers points where their teaching may be improved, and 
essential principles underlying the work of the successful teacher. 

Teaching in the Normal will begin in October and end on, or about 
May 1st. 

VII. 
PUBLIC SCHOOL MUSIC 

Realizing the demand for trained teachers of Public School Music, 
the Conservatory offers a course for such work which requires two years 
for completion. 

The text used in the Methods class is that of Hollis Dann, Principal of 
Public School Music at Cornell University. However, other texts are studied 
and compared so that the graduates should be able to handle any course 
in Public School Music in use at the present time. 

Aside from this students have the advantage of doing teaching under 
supervision in the Annville Public Schools, thereby putting into practice 
the theoretical knowledge gained in the Methods class. 

Special attention is paid to the care of the child voice in singing which 
is such an essential feature of Public School Music. Candidates for this 
course must have completed a four year High School course or its equiv- 
alent. Positions are not guaranteed to graduates. 

VIII. 
A FOUR YEAR COURSE IN THE THEORY OF MUSIC 

The Conservatory diploma will be given for the satisfactory comple- 
tion, with no grade below 85 per cent, of the following subjects: Har- 
mony — 3 semesters; Musical History— 2 semesters; Sight Singing — 
2 semesters: Theory — 1 semester; Musical Form — -1 semester; Ear 
Training — -1 semester; Psychology of Music — 1 semester; Harmonic 
Analysis — 1 semester; Simple Counterpoint— 1 semester; Double Coun- 
terpoint — 1 semester; Canon and Fugue — 2 semesters. The candidate 
for graduation in the above course must have completed the Sophomore 
year in pianoforte to the satisfaction of the Conservatory faculty. 

COLLEGE CREDIT 

Credit will be given in the college department for the completion of 
courses in Harmony, Musical History and Counterpoint. Each course 
holds two one-hour recitations each week throughout the year. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 



69 





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HOW TO BECOME A "FULL COURSE STU- 
DENT" IN THE CONSERVATORY 
OF MUSIC 

To be a "full course student" in the Conservatory you will be required 
to carry one solo subject (piano, voice, or organ) and two theoretical 
branches, such as Harmony and Musical History. Two lessons, each 
one-half hour in length are given each week in the solo subject. Classes 
in Harmony recite two hours per week. Classes in Musical History 
meet on alternate days for two hour-lessons per week. The course in 
Harmony requires three semesters, while the course in Musical History 
may be completed in one year. SS#.^^ 

The "full course student" engages four practice hours daily through- 
out the year. 

One subject, such as German, French, or English, may be taken in the 
College or Academy by a "full course student" without additional charge. 

The "full course student" will find the tuition as follows: 
FIRST SEMESTER — Two lessons per week, as stated above 

Piano or Voice $25.50 

Harmony 13.00 

Musical History 13.00 

Piano Practice, 4 hours daily 10 . 00 

Matriculation Fee 8.00 

$69.50 
Voice or Piano added, 2 lessons per week . . . $25 . 50 additional 

Organ, one lesson per week $17.00 additional 

Organ practice, one hour daily $10 or $20 additional 

SECOND SEMESTER— Rates and courses the same as first semester. 

CERTIFICATE 

Candidates for graduation by Certificate in pianoforte, pipe organ 
or violin, must have satisfactorily completed the full course in harmony 
musical history and sight playing. 

Graduation Fee for Certificate, $5.00. 

DEGREE 

Requirements for Mus. B. Degree: 

Candidate must hold a diploma covering the course as outlined on 
page 69. 



72 BULLETIN 

In addition to the above, one year's work in Canon and Fugue, 2 les- 
sons per week, and one year's work in Original Composition, 2 lessons 
per week, will be required. 

Fee for Degree, $10.00. 

THE SECOND "SOLO SUBJECT" 

Candidates for graduation by diploma or certificate in Piano shall 
have taken at least one year in voice, violin, or organ. For graduation 
in Voice, Violin, or Organ the student shall have at least Sophomore 
standing in piano. 

RECITALS AND MUSICAL ORGANIZATIONS 

Students' Evening Recitals. Each term recitals are given in which 
students, who have been prepared under the supervision of the instruc- 
tors, take part. These recitals furnish incentives to study and experi- 
ence in public performance. 

Students' Recital Class. Students who are not sufficiently advanced 
to appear in the Evening Recitals are given experience in public perform- 
ance in the Students' Recital Class. These classes are not open to the 
public. Rules governing Concert Deportment are brought to the at- 
tention of the students and each performer shown what is expected of 
him or her when before an audience. The result is a smoother and more 
satisfactory appearance in the Evening Recitals when assigned to such 
work. 

THE EURYDICE CHORAL CLUB 

This club for young women was organized four years ago, having for 
its object the study of standard choruses and choral works, producing 
the same at a Spring concert. 

Among the artists who have recently appeared with the Eurydice 
Choral Club are Miss Elsie Baker of the Victor Concert Company and 
Miss Vera Curtis of the Metropolitan Opera Company. 

This season the club has enlarged the scope of its musical activities 
and aside from giving the usual concert, presented Miss Sue Harvard, 
soprano, of New York City in song recital. Club members are admitted 
without charge to these recitals, and it is proposed to bring artists before 
the students from time to time for the furtherance of musical appreciation. 

THE MEN'S GLEE CLUB 

The opportunity for a "try out" for membership in this organization 

is given every young man of the institution who possesses a singing voice. 

Rehearsals are conducted throughout the Fall months preparatory to 

filling a series of scheduled dates booked by a student manager. Mem- 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 73 

bership in this Club furnishes a musical training as well as social experience 
that is invaluable to the college man. 

TUITION 

PIANO, VOICE, OR VIOLIN 

First Semester 2 lessons per week $25.50 

First Semester 1 lesson per week 12 . 75 

Second Semester 2 lessons per week 25 . 50 

Second Semester 1 lesson per week 12 . 75 

SENIOR AND JUNIOR YEARS 

Piano, Voice, Violin, or Organ 

First Semester 2 lessons per week $34.00 

First Semester 1 lesson per week 17.00 

Second Semester 2 lessons per week 34 . 00 

Second Semester 1 lesson per week 17.00 

SUB-FRESHMAN AND FRESHMAN YEARS IN PIANO 

First Semester 2 lessons per week $10.20 

First Semester 1 lesson per week 5 . 10 

Second Semester 2 lessons per week 10.20 

Second Semester 1 lesson per week 5 . 10 

PIPE ORGAN 

First Semester 2 lessons per week $34.00 

First Semester 1 lesson per week 17.00 

Second Semester 2 lessons per week 34 .00 

Second Semester 1 lesson per week 17.00 

HARMONY, MUSICAL HISTORY, EAR TRAINING, THEORY, 

HARMONIC ANALYSIS, MUSICAL FORM, PSYCHOLOGY 

OF MUSIC, PUBLIC SCHOOL METHODS, AND 

SIGHT SINGING 

First Semester 2 lessons (class) per week $13 . 00 

Second Semester 2 lessons (class) per week 13 .00 

COUNTERPOINT, CANON, FUGUE, OR COMPOSITION 

First Semester 2 lessons (class) per week $16 . 00 

Second Semester 2 lessons (class) per week 16 .00 



74 BULLETIN 

SIGHT PLAYING 

Junior Year 

First Semester 1 lesson (class) per week $5 . 00 

Second Semester 1 lesson (class) per week 5 .00 

Senior Year 

First Semester 2 lessons (class) per week $10 . 00 

Second Semester 2 lessons (class) per week 10.00 

For the Junior year a charge of fifty cents each semester will be made 
for use of the Sight Playing Library. For the Senior year the rate 
will be seventy-five cents per semester. 

PIANO NORMAL METHODS CLASS 

First Semester 1 lesson (class) per week $5 . 00 

Second Semester 1 lesson (class) per week 5 . 00 

(October to April) 

RATES FOR PRACTICE PERIODS 

Piano, 1 hour daily, per semester $ 4 . 00 

Each additional hour, per semester 2.00 

Pipe Organ (College Chapel) 1 hour daily, per semester 20 . 00 

Pipe Organ (College Chapel) 2 hours per week, per semester 10.00 

Two Manual Practice Organ, 1 hour daily, per semester 10 . 00 

RULES AND REGULATIONS 

No reduction is made for absence from first two weeks of the term, 
nor for a subsequent individual absence. In case of long continued illness 
the loss is shared equally by the College and the student. 

Pupils may enter at any time, but for convenience of grading the 
beginning of each semester is the most desirable time. 

In the case of holidays declared by the faculty, no lessons will be 
given or money refunded. 

All sheet music must be paid for when taken. 

Students are expected to consult the Director before arranging to 
take part in any public musical exercise outside of the regular work. 

No pupil is allowed to omit lessons without a sufficient cause. 

Reports showing attendance, practice, and improvement in grade 
will be issued at the close of each semester. 

For all further information as to any particular course, or combina- 
tion of courses, rooms, boarding, etc., address 

DIRECTOR OF THE CONSERVATORY, 

Lebanon Valley College. 



ART DEPARTMENT 

COURSE OF STUDY FOR CERTIFICATE 

First Year — Sketching in pencil geometric solids and various objects. 

Memory and quick action drawing. 

Principles of Perspective. 

Pencil rendering. 

Brush drawing in ink. 

Elementary Design. 

Wash drawing including original composition of landscapes, marine 
scenes, etc. Also sketching flowers, vegetable forms, and leaves with 
relation to values, tones, etc. 

Second Year — Charcoal drawing from casts. 

Painting in water colors from groups of still life, interiors, decorative 
subjects, flowers, draperies, and out-of-door sketching. 
Theory and Harmony of color. 
Lettering. 

Third Year — Costume Sketch class — pose drawing. 

Painting in oils from still life and nature. 

Water color. 

Historic Ornament. 

Study of the Masterpieces of Painting and Sculpture. 

Teacher's Class — Principles and methods of drawing, lettering, brush 
work, water color, design and perspective. 

Saturday work is offered for teachers and children who cannot take 
work during the week. 

China Painting — Instructions are given in the latest methods of apply- 
ing designs, which are original. The china is fired in the institution, 
giving students an opportunity of learning how to fire their own China. 

THE CRAFTS 

Jewelry — Design and construction of the same. Leather Tooling. 
Students desiring to graduate must complete two years of College 
English and History. 



76 BULLETIN 

REGISTER OF STUDENTS 

Seniors 

Attick, Robert M Steelton, Pa. 

Beidler, Ada May Lehighton, Pa. 

Bender, E. E Annville, Pa. 

Bender, Ruth Dillsburg, Pa. 

*Berger, John L Columbia, Pa. 

Bortz, Emma Lebanon, Pa. 

Bucher, Norman B Mechanicsburg, Pa. 

Deitrich, LeRoy S Palmyra, Pa. 

Dunkle, Mildred Lucknow, Pa. 

Engle, Marguerite Harrisburg, Pa. 

*Frost, Charles Lebanon, Pa. 

Gallatin, M. Elizabeth Annville, Pa. 

Gamble, Merab Jersey Shore, Pa. 

Garber, Dale Florin, Pa. 

*Gemmill, Charles W Windsor, Pa. 

Gemmill, Edgil York, Pa. 

Hoover, Helen Chambersburg, Pa. 

Hostetter, Herman Cleona, Pa. 

Isaacs, William Hugh Forty Fort, Pa. 

Keating, William Rome, N. Y. 

Kennedy, Coleman Palmyra, Pa. 

Lorenz, Dorothy Roaring Springs, Pa. 

Loser, Ruth K Progress, Pa. 

Lynch, Clyde A Harrisburg, Pa. 

Martin, W. N Rouzerville, Pa. 

McCauley, Reno Annville, Pa. 

McLaughlin, Roy O York, Pa. 

*Mease, Ralph Palmyra, Pa. 

Morrison, S. F Steelton, Pa. 

*Ness, Rufus York, Pa. 

Nissley, Raymond Mt. Joy, Pa. 

Potter, Norman Wellsburg, W. Va. 

Ruth, Kathryn O Sinking Springs, Pa. 

Schaak, Helen Lebanon, Pa. 

Shannon, Carl Millersburg, Pa. 

Shannon, Paul Millersburg, Pa. 

Shettel, Paul York, Pa. 

Simon, Adam Schaefferstown, Pa. 

Smith, E. Mae Annville, Pa. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 77 

Smith, Florence Dallastown, Pa. 

Spitler, H. D Lebanon, Pa. 

Walter, Daniel Lebanon, Pa. 

Walters, Leroy Sunbury, Pa. 

Williams, Louisa York, Pa. 

*Wine, Harold Wilmington, Del. 

Wihgerd, Mark Chambersburg, Pa. 

Wrightstone, Harold Mechaniscburg, Pa. 

Yingst, W. Paul Lebanon, Pa. 

Juniors 

*Allen, Edward Pomfret, Conn. 

Bachman, Susan Lebanon Pa. 

Baker, Benj. P Strasburg, Ta. 

Batdorf, Lottie Womelsdorf, Pa. 

Beckley, Howard Lebanon, Pa. 

Blauch, Maurice Annville, Pa. 

Bossard, Ada C Annville, Pa. 

Bouder, Norman M Lebanon, Pa. 

Boughter, Isaac Pine Grove, Pa. 

Boyer, Emma Reading, Pa. 

Bunderman, Walter Lebanon, Pa. 

Castetter, Edward Shamokin, Pa. 

Darcas, Luella Lebanon, Pa. 

*Deibler, Walter E Millersburg, Pa. 

Dundore, Samuel Mt Aetna, Pa. 

Early, Martha E Palmyra, Pa. 

Evans, William Lykens, Pa. 

Fasnacht, Anna B Palmyra, Pa. 

Fencil, Elizabeth Annville, Pa. 

Geyer, Harvey K Florin, Pa. 

Gingrich, Kathryn Lickdale, Pa. 

Grube, Ray Lititz, Pa. 

Haines, Ruth Philadelphia, Pa. 

Heberlig, Raymond Highspire, Pa. 

Hilbert, Paul E Allentown, Pa. 

Horn, Charles Red Lion, Pa. 

Hughes, Ruth York, Pa. 

Imboden, Nissley Hershey, Pa. 

Jones, Lucia Lebanon, Pa. 

Katerman, Harry Reinerton, Pa. 

Kline, Frankie Tower City, Pa. 



78 BULLETIN 

Lenhart, Miriam New Cumberland, Pa. 

Light, A. H Lebanon, Pa. 

Lutz, Mary S Chambersburg, Pa. 

Mark, Violet Annville, Pa. 

Moore, Mable Lancaster, Pa. 

Oliver, J. E Martinsburg, W. Va. 

Ramsey, Homer Lemasters, Pa. 

Rupp, Paul Harrisburg, Pa. 

Schmidt, Martha Lebanon, Pa. 

Secrist, Elena Churchville, Pa. 

Sloat, Ralph Rockport, Pa. 

Snavely, Francis Ramey, Pa. 

Snyder, Grace Boiling Springs, Pa. 

Snyder, Rufus Manheim, Pa. 

Tschudy, Earl H Lebanon, Pa. 

Wagner, Arthur V Hershey, Pa. 

Weidler, Edna M Cherry Creek, N. Y. 

Wingerd, Ray Chambersburg, Pa. 

Zeigler, Jesse O Elizabethville, Pa. 

Sophomores 

Bachman, Earl Annville, Pa. 

Balsbaugh, William Swatara Station, Pa. 

Batdorf, Charles Fredericksburg, Pa. 

Behney, Bessie Fredericksburg, Pa. 

Bechtold, Caleb Avon, Pa. 

*Bechtold, Warren Reading, Pa. 

Crim, Harry Gerrardstown, W. Va. 

DeHoff, Clyde Littlestown, Pa. 

Donmoyer, William Cleona, Pa. 

Durborow, Harry Highspire, Pa. 

Ehrhart, Russell Highspire, Pa. 

Fink, Esther Annville, Pa. 

Fishburn, Harvey Ephrata, Pa. 

Gingrich, Earl Lebanon, Pa. 

Hagy, Solomon Schoeneck, Pa. 

Haines, Henry Red Lion, Pa. 

Hartman, Charles C Rouzerville, Pa. 

Hoffman, Ruth V Lebanon, Pa. 

Hohl, Mae Pitman, Pa. 

Houser, Sadie Annville, Pa. 

Lefever, Myrtle York, Pa. 






LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 79 

Larew, Ethel Dillsburg, Pa. 

Light, Sara M Lebanon, Pa. 

Maulfair, Helena Lebanon, Pa. 

McCauley, Ruby Annville, Pa. 

Morrow, Robert Duncannon, Pa. 

Mutch, Verna A Ephrata, Pa. 

Ressler, Barton C Allentown, Pa. 

Rothermel, Pearl Millersburg, Pa. 

Rupp, Ethel Harrisburg, Pa. 

Ruppenthal, Harry Berkley Springs, W. Va. 

Saylor, Myrl Annville, Pa. 

Schwalm, Stanford Pine Grove, Pa. 

Sebastian, Jennie Reading, Pa. 

Seltzer, James Middletown, Pa. 

Simondette, A. C Philadelphia, Pa. 

Smith, E. Virginia Reading, Pa. 

Snyder, Myrtle E Robesonia, Pa. 

*Spessard, Orville E. Waterford, Pa. 

Stine, C. H Ft. Hunter, Pa. 

Strine, Huber D Manchester, Pa. 

Wagner, Herman Union Deposit, Pa. 

Zeitlin, Dora Lehighton, Pa. 

Zerbe, Hobson Myerstown, Pa. 

Freshmen 

Aungst, Ethel Johnstown, Pa. 

Alwine, Florence Hummelstown, Pa. 

Bomberger, Ida Lebanon, Pa. 

Beamesderfer, James Lebanon, Pa. 

Bortner, Mary E York, Pa. 

Bostock, Julia E Nutley, N. J. 

Burbeck, Meta Reading, Pa. 

- Crist, Catherine Hummelstown, Pa. 

Darling, Olive Chandlers Valley, Pa. 

Daugherty, Carroll Lebanon, Pa. 

Davis, William Lebanon, Pa. 

Duncan, Raymond Highspire, Pa. 

Daniels, Hiram Lebanon, Pa. 

Edmiston, Rodman Philadelphia, Pa. 

Emenheiser, Benj - Fayetteville, Pa. 

Farrell, Orin Phillipsburg, Pa. 

Fencil, Gladys Annville, Pa. 



80 BULLETIN 

Grant, Frederick Sunbury, Pa. 

Garver, Sara Lebanon, Pa. 

Hershey, Mae Hagerstown, Md. 

Haas, Ammon Myerstown, Pa. 

Herring, William Annville, Pa. 

Hallen, Leslie Philadelphia, Pa. 

Hess, Harold : Middletown, Pa. 

Heiss, Elwood York Haven, Pa. 

Kettering, Joseph Lebanon, Pa. 

Krall, Ethan A Lebanon, Pa. 

Kreider, Ralph Jonestown, Pa. 

Keller, Ray Hummelstown, Pa. 

Lehr, John Lebanon, Pa. 

McLaughlin, Robert Philadelphia, Pa. 

Miller, Mabel Farrelsville, Pa. 

Miller, Esther Lebanon, Pa. 

Moore, Guy Lebanon, Pa. 

Nitrauer, Grant Highspire, Pa. 

Ness, Paul Yoe, Pa. 

Plummer, Wright Conemaugh, Pa. 

Reber, Mark Fredericksburg, Pa. 

Rupp, Mildred Harrisburg, Pa. 

Statton, Madeline Hagerstown, Md. 

Schwalm, Clarence Valley View, Pa. 

Strickler, Edward Lebanon, Pa. 

Schneider, Howard Palmyra, Pa. 

Stiffler, Ralph Altoona, Pa. 

Stager, Edith Lebanon, Pa. 

Uhler, Russell Lebanon, Pa. 

Thompson, Elvin Minersville, Pa. 

Wolfersberger, Jacob Annville, Pa. 

Ward, Elvira Lebanon, Pa. 

Williard, Earl Shamokin, Pa. 

Wier, Margaret Steelton, Pa. 

Zellers, Arthur Lebanon, Pa. 



Special Students 

Clark, Michael Wilkesbarre, Pa. 

Earhart, Brant Elizabethville, Pa. 

Fulford, Nan Clearfield, Pa. 

Gehr, Wayne Waynesboro, Pa. 

Jaeger, Gideon Philadelphia, Pa. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 81 

Klopp, Lewis Richland, Pa. 

Kachel, William Jonestown, Pa. 

Lopez, Caesar Merida, Mexico. 

Miller, Carrie A Waynesboro, Pa. 

Miller, Mariel Madera, Pa. 

Rutherford, J. D Royalton, Pa. 

Sanchez, Amando Merida, Mexico. 

Smith, Herbert Annville, Pa. 

Wheeler, Brant Philadelphia, Pa. 

^Entered the U. S. Military Service. 

SUMMARY 

COLLEGE 

Men Women Total 

Seniors 32 16 48 

Juniors 29 21 50 

Sophomores 26 18 44 

Freshmen 34 18 52 

Specials 11 3 14 

Total 132 76 t 208 

Academy Students 

Beck, Fred Middletown, Pa. 

Bonitz, Josephine Hummelstown, Pa. 

Burtner, Robert Palmyra, Pa. 

Cole, Clifton Lebanon, Pa. 

Cretzinger, John I Duncannon, Pa. 

Dukes, Voyle Middletown, Pa. 

Engle, Harold E Palmyra, Pa. 

Fencil, Calvin Annville, Pa. 

Fortna, Raymond Lebanon, Pa. 

Hummer, Charles L West Hanover, Pa. 

Kohler, William Fayetteville, Pa. 

McDonald, Joseph A Union Deposit, Pa. 

Mena, Juan Motul, Yucatan 

Ressler, Merrill Reading, Pa. 

Rhoad, Edwin Grantville, Pa. 

Spangler, Roy W Annville, Pa. 

Swanger, Murray L Mowersville, Pa. 

Wheelock, Joel West Depew, Wis. 

Wrightstone, Eugene Mechanicsburg, Pa. 



82 BULLETIN 

Students regularly matriculated in the Academy 19 

Students from other departments receiving instruction in the Academy . 25 

Total in the Academy 44 

Special Saturday Students 

Behm, Ellen Palmyra, Pa. 

Boltz, Emma Palmyra, Pa. 

Eberly, E Lebanon, Pa. 

Elliott, Isabelle Lebanon, Pa. 

Goss, Myra Palmyra, Pa. 

Grumbein, Dorothy Philadelphia, Pa. 

Hummer, M. C Paxtang, Pa. 

Kurtz, E Lebanon, Pa. 

Light, Sadie Cleona, Pa. 

Rudy, Sarah Palmyra, Pa. 

Strickler, J Lebanon, Pa. 

Witmer, Frank Lebanon, Pa. 



CONSERVATORY OF MUSIC 

SENIORS 

Batdorf, Arabelle (Pub. School Music) Annville, Pa. 

Greer, Goodridge M. (Pianoforte) York, Pa. 

Lindsay, M. Jane (Piano Teacher's Course) Newville, Pa. 

Oyer, Miriam Rhea (Voice) Shippensburg, Pa. 

Rhoads, Irma M. (Pipe Organ) Chambersburg, Pa. 

Richwine, Marie B. (Pianoforte, Pipe Organ) Ephrata, Pa. 

Richards, Florence M. (Theory) Lebanon, Pa. 

Wengert, Sara M. (Pub. School Music) Lebanon, Pa. 

JUNIORS 

Bordner, Esther R, (Pianoforte) Fredericksburg, Pa. 

Greer, Goodridge M. (Voice) York, Pa. 

Henry, A. Louise (Voice) Annville, Pa. 

Kennedy, Hattie May (Public School Music) Palmyra, Pa. 

Landgraf, Helen (Public School Music) Lebanon, Pa. 

Witmeyer, Emma (Pipe Organ) Annville, Pa. 

Zeigler, Martha (Pianoforte) Red Lion, Pa. 

Zoll, Ruth R. (Pianoforte) Hershey, Pa. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 83 

SOPHOMORES 

*Bossard, Ada (Pipe Organ) Annville, Pa. 

Dullabahn, Serena (Pipe Organ) Lebanon, Pa. 

Daugherty, Pauline (Pianoforte) Annville, Pa. 

Engelhardt, Catherine (Pianoforte) Lebanon, Pa. 

Harrison, Madeline (Voice) Lebanon, Pa. 

Herr, Delia (Pianoforte) Annville, Pa. 

*Herring, William (Pianoforte) Annville, Pa. 

Moeckel, Sara (Pianoforte) Lebanon, Pa. 

Phillippy, Florence (Pianoforte) Jonestown, Pa. 

*Reber, Mark A. (Pianoforte) Fredericksburg, Pa. 

*Saylor, Myrle (Pianoforte, Voice) Annville, Pa. 

Strohm, Ethel L. (Pianoforte) Palmyra, Pa. 

Walborn, Carrie M. (Pianoforte) Lebanon, Pa. 

Wissinger, Ethel M. (Pianoforte) Conemaugh, Pa. 

FRESHMEN AND SPECIALS 

*Angus, Ethel Conemaugh, Pa. 

Bachman, Fae Annville, Pa. 

Bachman, Hilda Annville, Pa. 

Bender, Ralph Annville, Pa. 

Clark, Pauline Hershey, Pa. 

*Erhart, Russell Highspire, Pa. 

*Emenheiser, Benjamin Fayetteville, Pa. 

Fasnacht, Clara Annville, Pa. 

Fasnacht, Mary Annville, Pa. 

Forney, Anna Fishersville, Pa. 

*Farrell, Orin Phillipsburg, Pa. 

Farnsler, Elizabeth Annville, Pa. 

Farnsler, Edward Annville, Pa. 

Gingrich, Mrs. H. M Lebanon, Pa. 

Gilman, Lois Annville, Pa. 

Herr, Meyer Annville, Pa. 

Herr, Harold Annville, Pa. 

*Hershey, Louise Hagerstown, Md. 

*Hilbert, Paul E Allentown, Pa. 

Hertzler, Luella Manheim, Pa. 

Hoerner, Mae Annville, Pa. 

Kettering, Josephine Annville, Pa. 

Kettering, Abigail Annville, Pa. 

Kettering, Elizabeth Annville, Pa. 

Kettering, Esther Annville, Pa. 



84 BULLETIN 

Kreider, Sara Lebanon, Pa. 

Kreider, F. W Lebanon, Pa. 

Kepley, Florence Lebanon, Pa. 

Light, Elizabeth Fredericksburg, Pa. 

Louser, Marie Lebanon, Pa. 

*Lutz, Mary Chambersburg, Pa. 

Mann, Mabel Schaeff erstown, Pa. 

*Mark, Violet Annville, Pa. 

*Miller, Esther Lebanon, Pa. 

Moyer, Samuel Hershey, Pa. 

Orth, Evelyn Annville, Pa. 

Orth, Beryl Annville, Pa. 

Reber, John Fredericksburg, Pa. 

*Rothermel, Pearl Lebanon, Pa. 

Strickler, Beatrice Lebanon, Pa. 

*Stager, Edith Lebanon, Pa. 

*Schaak, Helen Lebanon, Pa. 

Shindel, Pearl Annville, Pa. 

Speraw, Eva Annville, Pa. 

Saylor, Gardner Annville, Pa. 

Stine, Greta Annville, Pa. 

*Statton, Madeline Hagerstown, Md. 

Snyder, May Hagerstown, Md. 

y Tittle, Edna Lebanon, Pa. 

Whiskeyman, Ruth Annville, Pa. 

Wynn, Flora Annville, Pa. 

*Zeigler, Jesse Elizabethville, Pa. 

*Taking work in other departments. 

Total registration in private lessons 81 

Receiving instruction, but not registered for private lessons 30 

Total Ill 



STUDENTS IN ORATORY 

Beidler, Ada May Lehighton, Pa. 

Castetter, Edward Shamokin, Pa. 

Corning, Jeanette Lebanon, Pa. 

Dunkle, Mildred Lucknow, Pa. 

Fulford, Nan Clearfield, Pa. 

Geyer, Harvey K Florin, Pa. 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 85 

Hain, Leo Lebanon, Pa. 

Kreider, Kathryn Palmyra, Pa. 

Kreider, Mary Annville, Pa. 

Lefever, Myrtle York, Pa. 

Lorenz, Dorothy Roaring Spring, Pa. 

Mark, Violet Annville, Pa. 

Maulfair, Helena Lebanon, Pa. 

McGovern, Edith Lebanon, Pa. 

Miller, Mariel Madera, Pa. 

Ness, Rufus York, Pa. 

Schneider, Howard Palmyra, Pa. 

Shannon, Paul E. V Millersville, Pa. 

Spessard, Orville T East Waterford, Pa. 

Stager, Edith Lebanon, Pa. 

Walter, Daniel E Lebanon, Pa. 

Regular students in oratory 5 

Students matriculated in other departments 16 

Total receiving instruction in oratory 21 

Students in Art 

Brubaker, Mrs. W. H Lebanon, Pa. 

Fulford, Nan Clearfield, Pa. 

Mark, Rhoda Lebanon, Pa. 

Ward, Elvira Lebanon, Pa. 



DEGREES CONFERRED JUNE 4, 1917 

DOCTOR OF DIVINITY 

Rev. A. N. Horn Baltimore, Md. 

Rev. J. H. Brunk Berkeley Springs, W. Va. 

BACHELOR OF ARTS 

Bachman, Esther Margie Huber, Ruth Hershey 

Boeshore, Harry F. Hummel, J. Paul 

Boltz, Ammon L. Kratzer, Clayton C. 

Brunner, Evan C. Lefever, Rufus H. 

Carter, Christine E. Long, Abram M. 

Clark, Pauline Longenecker, C. R. 



86 BULLETIN 

Colt, Hilda Loomis, Charles H. 

Dasher, Katherine E. Mutch, M. Ella 

De Huff, George A. Risser, Harold W. 

Donohue, Joseph Rupp, Russell 

Fink, David R. Rutherford, Joseph D. 

Foreman, Harry H. Schaeffer, Harry E. 

Garver, Mary E. Sherk, A. Herman 

Gonder, Ralph Showers, Nettie 

Gregory, David Umberger, LeRoy O. 

Hallman, George Wagner, Paul S. 

Hand, Naomi W. Wenrich, Marlin E. 

Harris, E. Kathryn White, E. Harold 

Heffelman, Ruth Helen Williams, E. D. 

Henry, A. Louise Williams, R. Walp 

Herring, John Wolfe, Violet I. 

Henninger, E. J. Woomer, Elizabeth 

Horstick, Charles B. Zeigler, Edwin Harold 

DIPLOMA IN ART 
Hoff, Rena 



SUMMARY 

Seniors 48 

Juniors 50 

Sophomores 44 

Freshmen 52 

Specials 14 

Total in College 208 

Academy 31 

Music Ill 

Oratory 21 

Special Saturday Students 12 

Art 4 

Total in all departments 375 

Names repeated in music, oratory and art 35 

Total Enrollment 340 



INDEX 



Absences 21 

Academy 53 

Admission 55 

Courses 58 

Examinations 55 

. Expenses 56 

Faculty 54 

Students in 81 

Advisers 14 

Art Department 63 

Astronomy 40 

Bible 43 

Biology 44 

Board of Trustees 4 

Buildings and Grounds 11 

Calendar 3 

Carnegie Library 11 

Chapel 16 

Chemistry 46 

College Organizations 13 

Corporation 4 

Courses, College 

Outline of 32 

Description of 24 

Degrees Conferred 85 

Degrees and Diploma 16 

Discipline 14 

Economics 39 

Education 36 

English Language and Literature 41 

Expenses, College 17 

Academy 56 

Department of Music 71 

Department of Art 75 

Faculty, College 6 

Academy 54 

Department of Music , 64 

French Language and Literature 42 

General Information 11 



German Language and Literature 40 

Graduate Work 16 

Greek Language and Literature 43 

Geology 48 

History 30 

History of the College '. 8 

Laboratories 12 

Latin Language and Literature 26 

Limitation 16 

Mathematics 25 

Music Department 63 

Courses 65 

Oratory and Public Speaking 49 

Philosophy 36 

Physics 48 

Physical Culture 49 

Political Science 38 

Religious Work 12 

Register of Students, College 76 

Academy 81 

Department of Music 82 

Department of Art 85 

Registration 15 

Requirements for Admission, College 22 

Academy 55 

Schedule of Lecture and Recitation Hours 32 

Scholarships 16 

Sociology 39