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Full text of "Lebanon Valley College Catalog"

Lebanon Valley College 

BULLETIN 



Vol. 8 (New Series) June, 1920 No. 3 



Fifty-Third Annual Catalog 
Number 



PUBLISHED BY 

LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 
ANNVILLE, PA. 



Entered as Second-Class matter at Annville, Pa., under the Act of August 24, 1912. 






Sowers Printing Company 
lebanon, fa. 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2011 with funding from 

LYRASIS Members and Sloan Foundation 



http://www.archive.org/details/lebanonvalley191920leba 



Lebanon Valley College 

BULLETIN 

Vol. 8 (New Series) June, 1920 No. 3 



Fifty-Third Annual Catalog 
Number 



PUBLISHED BY 

LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 
ANNVILLE, PA. 



1920 CALENDAR 1920 


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COLLEGE CALENDAR 

1919-1920 

Sept. 15-16. . . Monday-Tuesday Examination and Registration of students. 

Sept. 17 Wednesday 9:00 a. m College year began. 

Nov. 21 Friday Anniversary Clionian Literary Society. 

Dec. 20 Saturday 9:00 a. m Christmas recess began. 

Jan. 5 Monday 1 :00 p. m Christmas recess ended. 

Jan. 26-30 . . . Monday-Friday Mid-year examinations. 

Feb. 2 Monday Second Semester began. 

Mar. 31 Wednesday 4:00 p. m Easter recess began. 

Apr. 6 Tuesday 4 :00 p. m Easter recess ended. 

Apr. 9 Friday Forty-third Anniversary Kalozetean Liter- 
ary Society. 

May 7 Friday Fifty-third Anniversary . Philokosmian 

Literary Society. 

May 15 Saturday 2:00 p. m Annual May Day exercises. 

June 5 Saturday 8:00 p. m Junior Oratorical Contest. 

June 6 Sunday 10:00 a. m Annual Baccalaureate exercises. 

June 6 Sunday 7:45 p. m Annual address before the Christian As- 
sociations. 

June 7 Monday 11:00 a. m Annual Meeting Board of Trustees. 

June 7 Monday 8:00 p. m Exercises by the graduating classes in 

Music and Oratory. 

June 8 Tuesday 2:00 p. m Class Day exercises. 

June 8 Tuesday 7:00 p. m Annual business session of the Alumni 

Association. 

June 8 Tuesday 8:00 p. m Annual Alumni luncheon. 

June 9 Wednesday 10:00 a. m. . . .Fifty-third Annual Commencement. 

June 9 Wednesday 8:00 p. m Annual Shakespearean Play. 

1920-1921 

Sept. 20-21. . . Monday-Tuesday Examination and registration of students. 

Sept. 22 Wednesday 9:00 a. m College year begins. 

Nov. 19 Friday 8:00 p. m Fiftieth Anniversary Clionian Literary 

Society. 

Nov. 24 Wednesday 4:00 p. m Thanksgiving recess begins. 

Nov. 25 Thursday Thanksgiving day. 

Nov. 28 Monday 9 :00 a.m.." Thanksgiving recess ends. 

Dec. 18 Saturday 1 :00 p. m Christmas recess begins. 

Jan. 3 Monday 1 :00 p. m Christmas recess ends. 

Jan. 31-Feb.4 Monday-Friday Mid-year examinations. 

Feb. 7 Monday Second semester begins. 

Mar. 23 Wednesday 4:00 p. m Easter recess begins. 

Mar. 30 Tuesday 4:00 p. m Easter recess ends. 

April 8 Friday 8:00 p. m Fourty-fourth Anniversary Kalozetean 

Literary Society. 

May 6 Friday 8:00 p. m Fifty-fourth Anniversary Philokosmian 

Literary Society. 

May 7 Saturday 2 :00 p. m Annual May Day exercises. 

June 11 Saturday 8:00 p. m Annual Junior Oratorical Contest. 

June 12 Sunday 10:00 a. m Annual Baccalaureate exercises. 

June 12 Sunday 8:00 p. m Annual address before the Christian As- 
sociations. 

June 13 Monday 11:00 a. m Annual Meeting of the Board of Trustees. 

June 13 Monday 8:00 p. m Graduating exercises by the graduating 

classes in Music and Oratory. 

June 14 Tuesday 2:00 p. m Annual Class Day exercises. 

June 15 Wednesday 10:00 a. m. . . .Fifty-fourth Annual Commencement. 



THE CORPORATION 



BOARD OF TRUSTEES 
Representatives from the Pennsylvania Conference 

E. N. Funkhouser, A.B Hagerstown, Md 1920 

Hon. W. N. McFaul, LL.B Baltimore, Md 1920 

Rev. W. N. Beattie Greencastle, Pa 1920 

Rev. E. H. Hummelbaugh Frederick, Md 1920 

Rev. A. N. Horn, D.D Baltimore, Md 1920 

Rev. J. E. Kleffman, A.B., D.D Baltimore, Md 1921 

Rev. S. G. Ziegler, A.B., B.D Hagerstown, Md 1921 

Rev. M. R. Fleming, B.D., Ph.D Red Lion, Pa 1921 

Rev. F. B. Plummer, A.B Carlisle, Pa 1921 

Rev. F. L. Stine, A.B Mt. Alto, Pa 1921 

Rev. A. B. Statton, A.M., D.D Hagerstown, Md 1922 

Rev. P. R. Koonts, A.B Mechanicsburg, Pa 1922 

Rev. L. Walter Lutz, A.B., D.D Chambersburg, Pa 1922 

W. O. Appenzellar Chambersburg, Pa 1922 

Representatives from the East Pennsylvania Conference 

J. G. Stehman Mountville, Pa 1920 

G. F. Breinig Allentown, Pa 1920 

Rev. I. M. Hershey, A.M., B.D Myerstown, Pa 1920 

Rev. S. F. Daugherty, A.M., B.D., D.D. . Columbus, 1921 

J. R. Engle, A.B., LL.B Palmyra, Pa 1921 

I. B. Haak Myerstown, Pa 1921 

Hon. A. S. Kreider, LL.D Annville, Pa 1921 

Rev. J. A. Lyter, A.M., D.D Harrisburg, Pa 1921 

Rev. E. O. Burtner, A.M., D.D Palmyra, Pa 1922 

Rev. S. C. Enck, D.D Philadelphia, Pa 1922 

Rev. G. D. Batdorf, Ph.D Lancaster, Pa 1922 

Representatives from Virginia Conference 

Rev. A. J. Secrist Churchville, Va 1920 

Prof. J. N. Fries, A.M Berkeley Springs, W. Va. . 1920 

Elmer Hodges Winchester, Va 1921 

Rev. J. H. Brunk, D.D Berkeley Springs, W. Va. . 1921 

Rev. W. F. Gruver, D.D Martinsburg, W. Va 1922 

Rev. A. S. Hammack, D.D Dayton, Va 1922 

Trustees at Large 

H. S. Immel Mountville, Pa. 

Warren A. Thomas, A.B 31 Miami Ave., Columbus, O. 

A. J. Cochran Dawson, Pa. 

Jack L. Straub Lancaster, Pa. 

C. M. Coover Annville, Pa. 

Henry Wolf, A.B Mt. Wolf, Pa. 

J. E. Gipple Harrisburg, Pa. 

Alumni Trustees 

H. H. Hoy, A.B., '99 Millersburg, Pa 1920 

Prof. H. H. Baish, A.M., '01 Harrisburg, Pa 1921 

Prof. H. H. Shenk, A.M., '99 Annville, Pa 1922 



OFFICERS AND COMMITTEES OF THE BOARD 



Officers 

President Hon. A. S. Kreider 

Vice-President E. N. Funkhouser 

Secretary and Treasurer Prof. A. E. Shroyer 

Executive Committee 

A. S. Kreider J. R. Engle W. F. Gruver 

A. B. Statton F. B. Plummer 

Finance Committee 

A. S. Kreider E. N. Funkhouser Henry Wolf 

G. D. Gossard C. M. Coover J. R. Engle 

A. E. Shroyer Jack L. Straub W. F. Gruver 

Library and Apparatus Committee 

J. E. Lehman E. H. Hummelbaugh 

A. J. Secrist R. R. Butterwick 

Faculty Committee 

A. B. Statton A. S. Hammack 

H. E. Miller H. H. Baish 

Auditing Committee 
J. A. Lyter S. G. Ziegler Elmer Hodges 

Grounds and Buildings Committee 

S. F. Daugherty J. N. Fries W. M. Beattie 

M. R. Fleming G. F. Breinig 

Farm Committee 
A. N. Horn E. O. Burtner J. H. Brunk 

Publicity Committee 

F. L. Stine I. Moyer Hershey L. Walter Lutz 

G. F. Breinig S. O. Grimm 

Nominating Committee 

I. Moyer Hershey A. J. Secrist 

M. R. Fleming H. H. Hoy 



FACULTY 



GEORGE DANIEL GOSSARD, B.D., D.D. 

President and Professor of Education 

JOHN EVANS LEHMAN, A.M., Sc.D. 

Professor of Mathematics and Astronomy 

JAMES T. SPANGLER, A.M., D.D. 
Professor of Philosophy and Religious Education 

H. H. SHENK, A.M. 
Professor of History 

SAMUEL HOFFMAN DERICKSON, M.S. 
Professor of Biological Sciences 

ALVIN E. SHROYER, D.D. 

Secretary of the Faculty, Registrar, and Professor of Greek and Bible 

SAMUEL O. GRIMM, B.Pd., A.M. 
Professor of Education and Physics 

CHRISTIAN R. GINGRICH, A.B., LL.B. 

Professor of History and Political Science 

CHARLOTTE F. McLEAN, A.B., Ph.D. 

Josephine Biltinger Eberly Professor of Latin Language 
and Literature 

PAUL S. WAGNER, A.B. 
Mathematics — on leave of absence 

MALCOLM M. HARING, A.M. 

Professor of Chemistry 

WILLIAM N. MARTIN, A.B. 

Principal of the A cademy and Instructor in Mathematics 
and Zoology 

T. BAYARD BEATTY, A.B., 

Professor of English 

PAUL L. STRICKLER, A.B., 

Physical Director and Coach 



FACULTY 



MAY BELLE ADAMS, B.L.I. 

Professor of Oratory and Public Speaking 

EMMA R. SCHMAUK, A.B. 

Professor of French 

MRS. MARY C. GREEN 

Instructor in French 



MRS. MARY K. STEHMAN, A.B. 
Librarian and Dean of Women 



ASSISTANTS 

JENNIE S. SEBASTIAN 

A ssistant in Biology 



EARL S. GINGRICH 

A ssistant in Chemical Labratory 



ALBERT BARNHART 

A gent of the Finance Committee 

IRVIN E. RUNK, B.D., D.D. 

College Pastor 

ANNA GARMAN FORRY 
Stenographer 



HISTORY OF THE COLLEGE 

Lebanon Valley College originated in the action of the East Penn- 
sylvania Conference of the United Brethren Church at its annual session 
held at Lebanon in March, 1865. Resolutions were passed deciding the 
question of establishing a higher institution of learning to be located with- 
in the bounds of the East Pennsylvania or of the Pennsylvania Conference. 
One year later the committee appointed, recommended in its report: 
First, the establishment of a school of high grade under the supervision of 
the church; second, to accept for this purpose the grounds and buildings 
of what was then known as the Annville Academy, tendered as a gift to 
the Conference; and, third, to lease the buildings and grounds to a respon- 
sible party competent to take charge of the school for the following 
year. School opened May 7, 1866, with forty-nine students. By the close 
of the collegiate year one hundred and fifty-one were enrolled, thus 
demonstrating at once the need of such an institution in this locality and 
the wisdom of the founders. 

In April, 1867, the Legislature granted a charter with full university 
privileges under which a College faculty was organized with Rev. Thomas 
Rees Vickroy, Ph.D., as president, and Prof. E. Benjamin Bierman, A.M., 
as principal of the Normal Department. The same year the Philokosmian 
Literary Society was organized by the young men, additional land was 
purchased and a large brick building erected thereon with chapel, recita- 
tion rooms, president's office, and apartments for sixty boarding students. 
This building was not furnished and fully occupied till the fall of 1868. 

The first regular commencement was held June 16, 1870. About two 
years later opposition to the school manifested itself and President Vick- 
roy stated in his report to the annual Conference that the attendance of 
students was reduced from one hundred to seventy-five, the cause of this 
diminution being persistent opposition on the part of certain brethren. 

President Vickroy directed the affairs of the institution for five years, 
from 1866 to 1871. During his administration the charter was prepared 
and granted by the State Legislature, the laws and regulations for the in- 
ternal workings framed and adopted, the curriculum established, and two 
classes — those of 1870 and 1871 — were graduated. In June, 1871, Prof. 
Lucian H. Hammond was elected president. During his term of office five 
classes were graduated, the Clionian Literary Society organized by the 
ladies, and the College made steady and substantial progress, but failing 
health compelled him to resign in June, 1876. 

Rev. David D. DeLong, D.D., became the third president. He found it 
necessary to reorganize the faculty and retain but two of the former 



BULLETIN 9 

teachers. The Kalozetean Literary Society was instituted to awaken in- 
terest in literary work among the young men by means of a healthy rivalry, 
and the music department was organized. In the summer of 1883 a large 
two-story frame building was erected on College Avenue, containing an art 
room, music rooms, the department of natural science, a museum and the 
College library. During his presidency one hundred and seven students 
were graduated, fourteen in music and ninety-three in the literary depart- 
ment. 

After an interregnum of several months Rev. Edmund S. Lorenz, A.M., 
was elected president and took up the work with energy and ability. En- 
largement was his motto and the friends of the College rallied to his support. 
Post graduate studies were offered. "The College Forum" made its appear- 
ance under the editorship of the Faculty. With a devotion that won the 
admiration of his friends he labored incessantly for nearly two years to 
make the College the peer of any in the State, but under this strain his 
health failed and he was obliged to retire at the close of the collegiate year 
of 1889. 

The fifth president, Rev. Cyrus J. Kephart, D.D., assumed the duties 
of his office at the opening of the fall term in 1889. He secured creditable 
additions to the endowment fund but because of discouraging conditions 
declined re-election at the close of the first year. 

The question of re-locating the College agitated its constituency, divided 
its friends and greatly hindered its progress. Some were almost in despair, 
others were indifferent, while others hoped and waited for the best. Under 
these conditions the Board of Trustees met in special session July 28, 1890, 
and called Dr. E. Benjamin Bierman to the presidency. He was inaugu- 
rated on the evening of the sixth of November following. Buildings were 
renovated, a large number of students enrolled and the Mary A. Dodge 
Fund of ten thousand dollars received, "the interest of which only is to be 
loaned without charge to such pious young people as the Faculty of the 
College may deem worthy of help as students." The Silver Anniversary of 
the College was celebrated June 15, 1892, when money was raised to pur- 
chase about three acres of ground to be added to the college campus. With 
the experience of twenty-five years of earnest effort to combat opposition 
and overcome errors and misconceived notions of higher education and to 
build up an institution of learning creditable to the United Brethren 
Church, the friends of the College entered upon the second quarter of a 
century with new hope and aspiration. 

President Bierman served successfully until the spring of 1897, when 
he was succeeded by Rev. Hervin U. Roop, Ph.D., who held the office until 
January 1, 1906, after which time the administration was in the hands of 
the Executive Committee and the Faculty until the election of Rev. A. P. 
Funkhouser, A.M., March 9, 1906. 



10 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

The presidency of Dr. Roop stands out as the period when the group 
system in the College curriculum was introduced, when the athletic field 
was acquired, when the disastrous fire of December 24, 1904, occurred, 
sweeping away the Administration Building in a few hours, and when 
several new buildings arose on the campus — Engle Music Hall 1899, and 
the Carnegie Library and Women's Dormitory in 1904. The recuperative 
powers of the institution were put to the test by the destruction of the main 
building. At a meeting held January 5, 1905, the friends of the College, 
resolved, amid unusual enthusiasm to rebuild at once and with the stim- 
ulus of a gift of fifty thousand dollars from Andrew Carnegie received by 
the President, who had previously secured $20,000 from the same source 
plans were matured by which to raise one hundred thousand dollars for 
this purpose. The erection of three new buildings was projected — the 
Men's Dormitory, the Central Heating Plant and the new Administration 
Building, the latter being completed under the supervision of President 
Funkhouser, whose term of office is marked also by a strenuous effort to 
meet the debt which rose to ninety thousand dollars. Bonds were issued 
to the amount of fifty thousand dollars and the co-operative college 
circles organized to relieve the financial conditions. 

Rev. Lawrence Keister, S. T. B., D.D., was elected president of the 
College, June 10, 1907, at the annual session of the Board of Trustees. 
He solicited $7,700 for the equipment of the Science Department, secured 
the Mills Scholarship of $1,000 and the Immel Scholarship of $2,000. The 
debt effort authorized by the Board, June 3, 1908, was carried forward 
successfully, $50,000 having been pledged before January 1, 1909, 
according to the condition of the pledge which also required the con- 
tinuation of the canvass to secure another $50,000 in order to cover the 
entire debt. At the death of Rev. Daniel Eberly, D.D., July 9, 1910, 
whose will bears date of September 17, 1909, the College came into 
possession of property valued at about $45,000, the major portion being 
given for the endowment of the Latin Chair. 

In June, 1912, President Keister presented his resignation to the Board 
of Trustees and in September the Rev. Dr. George D. Gossard, of Balti- 
more, Md., was elected president. He at once entered upon the duties of 
his office to which he brings conscientious devotion and intelligent enthu- 
siasm. 

Plans were immediately adopted and the wheels set in motion to in- 
crease the effectiveness and enhance the utility of the college by mate- 
rially .increasing the attendance which, as a result rose by the close of 
the 1912-1917 period to almost four hundred and fifty students. But the 
work of the college was hampered more than ever by an increasing short- 
age of funds. The co-operating conferences came to the rescue, but even 
then the new demands upon the college made it imperative that the educa- 



BULLETIN 11 

tional work of the Church be given permanent financial aid. The out- 
standing feature of the present administration is the raising of an endow- 
ment fund of $400,000 to provide this support. This result, unsuccess- 
fully sought for during the last fifty years, was achieved through a special 
campaign inaugurated December 27, 1917, at a joint meeting of the East 
Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania, and Virginia Conferences held in the Sixth 
Street United Brethren church, Harrisburg, Pa. At this meeting the goal 
was fixed at $350,000, and it was stipulated that the entire sum should be 
used for additional endowment. The month of June, 1918, was fixed as 
the time for the intensive campaign. The Y. M. C. A. plan of raising large 
funds was adopted and adapted to local needs. By means of an intensive 
organization of the conferences all members and other friends of the church 
in the co-operating territory were asked to contribute to the fund. The 
campaign closed June 26, 1918, with subscriptions amounting to almost 
$400,000. 



12 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 



GENERAL INFORMATION 

The College is situated in Annville, a progressive and cultured town 
twenty-one miles east of Harrisburg in the beautiful, healthful and fertile 
Lebanon Valley. 

BUILDINGS AND GROUNDS 

There are eight buildings on the campus: the Administration Building, 
the Carnegie Library, the Engle Conservatory of Music, the Women's 
Dormitory, the Men's Dormitory, South Hall, the Heating Plant and 
President's Residence. 

THE ADMINISTRATION BUILDING contains the recitation rooms 
of the College and the laboratories of the science departments. The de- 
partment of art has here commodious and modern quarters. The admin- 
istrative offices of fireproof construction are on the first floor. 

The Alumni Gymnasium occupies the ground floor. Here are provided 
over seven thousand square feet of floor space for the use of the department 
of physical culture and the promotion of athletic activities. The gymna- 
sium has, in addition to the gymnasium floor, separate locker rooms for 
the teams, for the men, and for the girls, an apparatus room, and shower 
baths. 

THE CARNEGIE LIBRARY, erected in 1904, furnishes commodious 
quarters for the growing library of the College. 

Two large reading rooms on the first floor, splendidly lighted and ven- 
tilated, and beautifully furnished, are provided with the leading maga- 
zines and daily papers. Periodicals devoted to the special work of each 
department are here, as well as magazines of general literature. On the 
second floor are six seminar rooms designed to be equipped with the 
special works of reference for the various departments. 

THE ENGLE CONSERVATORY OF MUSIC, erected in 1899, con- 
tains the college chapel, a directors' office and studio, practice rooms, and 
a large society hall. The building is well equipped with pianos and a large 
pipe organ. 

THE WOMEN'S DORMITORY, NORTH HALL, was erected in 
1905, and is a building of beautiful proportions. In addition to rooms 
which will accomodate forty-five students, there are a society hall, a 
dining hall, a well-equipped kitchen, and laundry. 

THE MEN'S DORMITORY, erected in 1905, contains single and 
double rooms and sixteen suites of two bed-rooms with a separate study- 
room. These afford accomodations for more than one hundred students. 



BULLETIN 13 

THE WOMEN'S DORMITORY, SOUTH HALL, the original build- 
ing of the institution, acquired by gift in 1866, when the College was 
founded, has been re-modeled and is now used as a women's dormitory. 

THE HEATING PLANT, erected in 1905, contains a low pressure 
heating system, and supplies the heat for all the buildings on the campus. 
It is constructed with a view to the installation of a lighting plant. 

THE PRESIDENT'S RESIDENCE, is situated on the northwest 
corner of the campus. 

THE CAMPUS of twelve acres, occupies a high point in the center of 
Annville and is within easy access of trolley and railroad lines. 

THE ATHLETIC FIELD of five and one-half acres is well located and 
admirably adapted to the purpose for which it is intended. 

LABORATORIES 

The entire northern half of the Adminstration Building is occupied 
by the Departments of Science. The Department of Chemistry occu- 
pies the first floor; Physics, the second; and Biology, the third. 

The laboratories of each department are constructed after the most 
approved modern methods. The lecture rooms are provided with risers 
and Columbia tablet chairs. 

RELIGIOUS ACTIVITIES 

The College has always tried to furnish religious training, and en- 
courages all means of promoting Christian influence. Each morning a 
regular service is held in the College Chapel, at which the students are re- 
quired to be present. 

A students' prayer-meeting is held once a week, and opportunities for 
Bible study and mission study are offered by the Christian Associations 
in addition to those afforded by the regular curriculum. 

All resident students of the College are expected to attend public wor- 
ship in the churches of their choice, every Sunday. 

Christian The College has Young Men's and Young Women's 

Associations Christian Associations, which hold regular weekly de- 
votional services and conduct special courses of Bible 

and mission study. They are centers of the spiritual interests of the 

students and deserve the hearty support of all connected with the college. 
Under these auspices public lectures, entertainments and socials are 

held, which contribute to the pleasure of the student body. 



14 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

COLLEGE ORGANIZATIONS 

Literary Excellent opportunities for literary improvement and par- 

Societies liamentary training are afforded by the societies of the 
College. There are three of these societies — Philokos- 
mian, Kalozetean, and Clionian, the latter sustained by the young ladies. 
They meet every Friday evening in their well-furnished halls for literary 
exercises. These societies are considered valuable agencies in college work, 
and students are advised to unite with one of them. 

Athletic The Athletic Association is composed of all the students 

Association of the College and the cooperating Alumni. Athletics 
are controlled by a Council consisting of ten members 
as follows: — three faculty members appointed by the President; three 
Alumni members appointed by the Alumni members of the Athletic As- 
sociation; three Undergraduates elected by the undergraduate members 
of the Athletic Association, and the Athletic Editor of "The Crucible." The 
Graduate Manager and the Coach are ex-officio members of the Council 
without a vote. 

The Mathematical The Mathematical Round Table is an organization 
Round Table of the students of the College who are interested 
in mathematical studies. Its object is to create 
interest in and love for the "exact science." Its meetings are held on the 
last Wednesday evening of each month. Papers on mathematical history 
and biography are read and discussed. Current events in the mathematical 
world and papers on various mathematical subjects make the meetings 
very interesting and helpful. 

THE SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY 

The Scientific Society is devoted to the interests of the three Departments 
of Science, — Biology, Chemistry and Physics. Its purpose is to allow those 
interested in and specializing in the sciences to consider and discuss scien- 
tific subjects that cannot properly be taken up in the classroom. It holds 
its meetings on the first and third Tuesday evenings of each month. At 
each meeting, original papers are read by the various members. These 
papers cover subjects in which the members have had practical experience, 
or subjects in which they are particularly interested. General discussion 
follows the reading of both papers and current events. The members of 
the Faculty of Science also take an active part in these meetings and act 
in an advisory capacity to the Society. 

STUDENT PUBLICATION 

A group of students possessing ability in management and composition 
are nominated by the Faculty to publish, semi-monthly, "The Crucible." 



BULLETIN 15 

This student publication affords training of a highly specialized character 
to a number of students interested in editorial work. 

LITERARY AND MUSICAL ADVANTAGES 

During the college year, the student body has the privilege of hear- 
ing lectures and talks delivered by men of note in Church and literary 
circles. 

The department of music together with the department of public 
speaking presents a number of programs during the year. Concerts and 
recitals by prominent musicians are given under the patronage of the De- 
partment of Music with the aim of creating in the student an appreciation 
for the best in art. 

There is a lively interest in the drama. Various college organizations 
have presented Shakespearean and other plays of a high grade. 

ADMINISTRATION 
Advisers The following are the advisers for the students in each of the 
four groups in which courses of instruction are offered: For 
the Classical group, Professor Shroyer; for the Science group, Professor 
Derickson; for the Historical-Political, Professor Gingrich; for the Modern 
Language, Doctor McLean; Professor Spangler is adviser to all Freshmen. 
The adviser's approval is necessary before a student may register for or 
enter upon any course of study, or discontinue any work. He is the medium 
of communication between the Faculty and the students of his group, and, 
in a general way, stands to his students in the relation of a friendly coun- 
selor. 

Discipline The rules of the College are as few and simple as the proper 
regulation of a community of young men and women will 
permit. The government of the dormitories is under the immediate con- 
trol of the student councils, committees of students authorized by the 
College authorities. 

Classification Every student residing in the dormitory must take at 
least fifteen hours of work as catalogued. Any student 
failing to pass ten (10) hours of work at the close of each semester will be 
required to withdraw from the institution. 

The maximum number of hours, conditioned, permitted for senior 
standing is four; for junior standing, six; for sophomore standing, six; 
for freshman standing, six. 

The permitted number of extra hours of work, above that prescribed 
by the curriculum, is limited by the student's previous record, as follows: 

(a) Majority of A's — four hours. 

(b) Majority of B's — two hours. 

(c) Lower record than majority of B's — no extra hours. 



16 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

No students will be given credit for more than twenty-two (22) hours 
in any twelve months. 

Credits for work done in other institutions, for which advanced stand- 
ing is desired, must be submitted to the committee on College Credits 
and a copy filed with the Registrar. 

Class Standing Reports of standing will be made to parents or guard- 
ian at the end of each term when desired by them, or 
when the Faculty deems it expedient. The standing is indicated gener- 
ally by classification in six groups, as follows: 

A signifies that the record of the student is distinguished. 

B signifies that the record of the student is very good. 

C signifies that the record is good. 

D signifies the lowest sustained record. 

E (conditioned) imposes a condition on the student. 

Failing to make up a condition at an appointed time is equal to a record 
of F. 

F (failed completely) signifies that the student must drop or repeat the 
subject, and cannot be admitted to subjects dependent thereon. 

If the student's record as a whole is poor, he may be required to re- 
peat certain subjects, to repeat the year's work, or to withdraw. 

Admission Students wishing to enter Lebanon Valley College must 
present credits from high schools, normal schools, and 
academies before the time of matriculation. Blanks for such credits may 
be had on application to the Registrar. 

Registration The registration days for the collegiate year 1920-1921 are 
as follows: September 20, 21, 22, and Thursday, February 
3, and Friday February 4, preceding the opening of the second semester. 
Students registering later than the days specified will be charged a fee of 
one dollar. 

Registration is not complete until the Registrar has affixed his signa- 
ture to the matriculation card and a copy of same has been filed with the 
Registrar. 

Absences Should a student be absent once beyond double the number 
of times a class meets each week, he will be required to take a 
special examination, for which a fee of one dollar will be charged. Such 
examination must be taken within a week of the excess absence; other- 
wise the student will lose his class standing. Absences immediately pre- 
ceding or following vacation will be counted double cuts. 

Chapel All students are required to attend the morning chapel service. 
Failure to attend will be ground for action by the Faculty upon 
recommendation of the Committee on Chapel Attendance. 



BULLETIN 17 

Limitations Students are limited to two of the following college ac- 
tivities: Quittapahilla, Glee Club, Plays, Foot Ball, Basket 
Ball and Base Ball. This regulation can be set aside only by a special 
action of the faculty. 

No games between college organizations may be engaged in during 
study hours except by permission of the Faculty. 

Degree and The degree of Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science is 
Diploma conferred by a vote of the Board of Trustees on recommen- 
dation of the Faculty, upon students who have satisfactorily 
completed sixty-nine hours of work in any of the groups. 

GRADUATE WORK 

The College will accept candidates for the Master's degree subject to 
the following considerations: 

(1) That when an applicant seeks the Master's degree in one year, the 
entire year be spent in residence. 

(2) That when an applicant prefers to do the work designated for the 
degree in non-residence, at least two years be devoted to the pursuit of 
the course, and not more than five years. 

(3) That fourteen hours be required for the degree — six hours of minor 
subjects and eight hours of major subjects, four of which shall be devoted 
to research work in connection with the required thesis. 

(4) That no arrangement will be made to do this work by correspon- 
dence. 

(5) That students pursuing undergraduate courses for the Master's 
degree must maintain a grade of eighty-five per cent (85%) in all such 
courses. 

(6) That the registration fee be the same as the annual matriculation 
fee. 

(7) That the tuition for the work done outside the regular college 
classes shall be arranged for with the teachers concerned. 

(8) That the tuition fee for work done in the regular undergraduate 
classes shall be four dollars ($4) per hour; the Registrar's fee for work done 
outside the regular college classes shall be two and one half dollars ($2.50) 
per hour; the additional fee for work done outside the regular college 
classes to be arranged for with the teachers concerned. 

SCHOLARSHIPS AND LOANS 

The College offers a limited number of one hundred and forty dollar 
free tuition scholarships, $70 a year for two years, to honor graduates of 
the State Normal Schools and approved High Schools and Academies. 
One scholarship is allotted to the first honor graduate of our own Academy. 

The College also offers a free tuition scholarship of $70 a year for two 



18 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

years to a literary graduate of Shenandoah Collegiate Institute, Dayton 
Va. The recipient of that scholarship will be determined by Lebanon 
Valley College. 

Graduates of High Schools and Academies whose standard is not equal 
to that of our own Academy, may enter the senior year of the Academy 
and become competitors for our own Academy scholarship. 

Honor graduates of preparatory schools who have conditions may be 
allowed to make them up in the freshman year. If the first semester's 
work shows a majority of A's and nothing less than B in all work including 
conditions, a scholarship may be awarded. 

The Bishop J. S. Mills Scholarship Fund 

This fund, established by a gift of $1,000, is available. 

The H. S. Immel Scholarship Fund 

This fund, established by a gift of $2,000, is available "for young men 
in college who are preparing for the ministry in the Church of the United 
Brethren in Christ." 

The Eliza Bittinger Eberly Fund 

This fund consists of the income of a farm located near East Berlin, 
Adams County, Pa. 

The Daniel Eberly Fund 

This fund is available and is to be loaned to worthy students seeking 
an education in college. 

The Rev. H. C. Phillips Scholarship Fund 

This fund established by a gift of $1,300 in memory of Rev. H. C. 
Phillips, given by his wife and daughter, is available for young men pre- 
paring for the ministry. 

The Mary A. Dodge Fund 

The income from this fund is loaned to worthy students. 
The Charles B. Rettew Scholarship 

This scholarship in Bonebrake Theological Seminary is limited to stu- 
dents from the East Pennsylvania Conference and Lebanon Valley College. 

The Dr. Henry B. Stehman Fund 

This fund has been provided by Dr. Henry B. Stehman to help needy 
ministerial students. This fund is awarded by the President of the College. 

Elizabeth A. Mower Scholarship Fund 

This fund was provided by a gift of $200 from Miss Elizabeth A. Mower, 
the income of which is to be used to help a needy student. 



BULLETIN 19 

SCHOLARSHIPS SECURED DURING THE RECENT 
ENDOWMENT CAMPAIGN 

The following is a list of Scholarship Funds which were subscribed 
during the ' endowment campaign to raise at least $350,000 and the 
recent Interchurch drive. This will all be paid by October, 1922. At 
present only a part of these funds is available. 

The Biological Scholarship s $3,010.00 

The Medical Scholarship 825.00 

The Harvey E. Herr Memorial Scholarship Fund 1,000.00 

The William E. Duff Scholarship Fund 1,000.00 

The C. C. Gingrich Scholarship Fund 2,000.00 

The Harvey L. Seltzer Scholarship Fund 2,000.00 

The S. F. Engle Scholarship Fund 2,000.00 

The Ezra G. Ranck and Wife Scholarship Fund 1,000.00 

The Mary C. Bixler Scholarship Fund 1,000.00 

The Edwin M. Hershey Scholarship Fund 1,500.00 

The Otterbein Sunday School, Harrisburg, Scholarship Fund.. . . 1,100.00 
The Henry C. and Anna S. Kaufman and Family Scholarship 

Fund 1,000.00 

The Barbara June Kettering Scholarship Fund 1,000.00 

The Dorothy Jean Bachman Scholarship Fund 1,000.00 

The Mrs. Elizabeth H. Millard Memorial Scholarship Fund 5,000.00 

The H. S. Immel Scholarship Fund (Second and third funds) . . . 4,500.00 

The Sophia Plitt Scholarship Fund 3,366.00 

The G. D. Gossard and Wife Scholarship Fund 1,000.00 



20 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 



EXPENSES 

Matriculation 

The Matriculation fee in both College and Academy is $12.00. This 
fee is not subject to refund, nor is there any rebate allowed for any reason. 

Special students who take less than half work in the regularly ap- 
pointed classes, or any student who takes work outside of regular reci- 
tation periods either in the College or Academy, is required to pay matri- 
culation according to the number of studies taken. 

Oratory and Art students who are not matriculated in the College are 
required to pay an enrollment fee of one dollar each. 

Matriculation for Music ranges from one dollar to eight dollars. No 
additional fee is required for music from students who have already 
matriculated for College or Academy. 

Tuition 

For twenty hours or less in the College the annual tuition is $100.00. 
$2.50 per semester is charged for each additional hour of work taken in 
regular classes, or for each hour of semester work for which credit is 
allowed, taken outside of regular college recitation periods. Credit can 
be allowed only when the work has been taken under instructors approved 
by the Executive Committee. 

The tuition in the Academy is $75.00 for twenty-four or less hours of 
work taken; for each additional hour per semester, $2.00. For all credit 
allowed for work taken outside of regular recitation periods, $2.00 per 
semester hour will be charged. 

Ministers' children in the college and academy departments are en- 
titled to a rebate on full tuition of $50.00 and $37.50 respectively. Scholar- 
ships do not cover the tuition for extra work taken. 

Laboratory Fees 

To cover the cost of materials used in the Laboratories, the following 
fees are charged: 

Tyrone Biological Laboratory 

First Second 

Semester Semester 

Biology 1 $6.00 $6.00 

Biology 2 6.00 6.00 

Biology 3 6.00 6.00 

Biology 4 6.00 6.00 

Biology 5 6.00 6.00 



BULLETIN 21 

Chemical Laboratory 

First Second 

Semester Semester 

Chemistry 1 $8.00 $8.00 

Chemistry 2 .' 8.00 8.00 

Chemistry 3 8.00 8.00 

Chemistry 4 6.00 6.00 

Chemistry 5 12.00 12.00 

Chemistry 7 4.00 4.00 

Chemistry 8 2.00 2.00 

Breakage Fees Deposit in Chemistry 1920-21 — Chemistry 1, $3; Chem- 
istry 2, $4; Chemistry 3, $4; Chemistry 4, $4; Chemistry 5, $5. 

All breakage in the Chemical laboratory will be charged against the 
individual student and any balance of the above deposits due the student 
at the completion of his course will be returned or credited to his account 
and any debit beyond his deposit will be charged to his regular college 
account. 

Physics Laboratory 

Physics 1 $5.00 $5.00 

Physics 2 and 3 5.00 5.00 

All breakage will be charged against the student in each department. 
There will be no refund of laboratory fees. If chemicals and laboratory 
supplies continue to advance in price there will be a corresponding in- 
crease in the laboratory fees. 

Boarding 

The Domestic Department is in charge of a skilled and competent 
chef. Plain, substantial and palatable food especially adapted to the 
needs of the student is provided. The kitchen is furnished with the most 
modern equipment and all the food is prepared in the most sanitary and 
satisfactory manner. 

The boarding rate for the school term 1919-20 is $200.00. Students 
who stop school during the school term will be required to pay board at 
the rate of $6.50 per week during their stay in school. Day students 
may obtain meal tickets at the rate of ten meals for $5.00, if paid in ad- 
vance, and all extra meals taken by five-day students or meals taken by 
friends of students, at 50 cents each. A rebate of forty dollars is allowed 
for five-day students. These rates do not include Thanksgiving, Christmas, 
and Easter vacations. 

If foodstuffs continue to advance in cost, there will be a correspond- 
ing increase in boarding rates. 

All students who do not room and board at their homes are required 
to room and board in the college unless special permission be obtained 



22 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

from the Executive Committee to do otherwise. Students refusing to 
comply with this regulation forfeit their privileges as students in the College. 

Room Rent 

Room rent varies from $32.00 to $75.00 except when double rooms are 
assigned to only one student, then the occupant will pay the regular rent 
for two. A deposit fee of $5.00 is required when a room is reserved. This 
fee will be deducted from the second half year's payment. 

When five or more day students occupy one room, then the rate to 
each occupant is $22.50 and must be paid at the opening of the school 
year, and there will be no refund. 

One light fixture is installed permanently in every dormitory room. 
For every additional light temporarily installed, there will be an extra 
charge of $3.00 to the occupants of the room. Only 40 watt lamps are 
allowed. One lamp is furnished free at the opening of school. 

Occupants of a room are held responsible for all breakage and loss of 
furniture or any loss whatever for which the student is responsible. 

In the Men's Dormitories rooms will be furnished with a bed, chairs, 
and one table for each occupant. Students must furnish their own carpets, 
towels, napkins, soap, and all other necessary furnishings. 

Contingent Fee 

All College students are required to pay a contingent fee of $25.00 and 
Academy students $15.00. 

Estimated Expenses 

The minimum expense for men is $369 and for women $363. The maxi- 
mum expense for a full course in L. V. C. for one year, exclusive of labora- 
tory fees, books, and personal expenses, is $412 for men and $406 for 
women. 

Graduation Fee 

Sixty days prior to Commencement, candidates for degrees are re- 
quired to pay the following fees: 

Students graduating in the College $12.00; in Music $10.00; in the 
Academy $5.00; those receiving certificates in Oratory, Art, or Music 
$5.00 each. 

REGULATIONS 

Matriculation fee must be paid at the time of enrollment. 

Laboratory fees must be paid at the beginning of each Semester. 

The regular College or Academy expenses which include Tuition, Room 
Rent, and Boarding are divided into four equal installments: One-fourth 
is due September 22; one-fourth on November 14; one-fourth on February 
1; and one-fourth on March 23. These bills are due on the day they are 
issued and must be paid within ten days. 



BULLETIN 23 

When a. student leaves school or the boarding hall for any other rea- 
son than sickness, he shall pay board at the rate of $6.50 per week, with- 
out any rebate or refund, except when ordered otherwise by the Finance 
Committee of the College. 

Satisfactory settlement for all bills and fees is required before an honor- 
able dismissal can be granted and before grades are recorded or given to 
the student. 

Students who are candidates for Diplomas or Certificates must make 
full settlement entirely satisfactory to the Finance Committee before 
diplomas or certificates will be sealed and delivered. 

ABSENCE AND SICKNESS 

When students retain their class standing during absence from school 
because of sickness or for any other reasons, no rebate or refund will be 
allowed on tuition, or room rent. 

In case of sickness which occasions loss of class standing, a reasonable 
rebate or refund will be allowed on tuition. 

When a student is absent from school more than two weeks in suc- 
cession because of sickness, and retains his room during the time of ab- 
sence, then a rebate of $4.00 per week will be allowed for all absence ex- 
ceeding the two weeks. Reductions cannot be allowed for athletic, glee 
club, or banquet trips. 

AID TO STUDENTS 

Help is extended annually to a limited number of students, but only 
to those pursuing full courses in the College or in the Academy. This 
help is given in the form of Merit Scholarships, Ministerial Scholarships, 
Waiterships, Janitorships, Tutorships, or Library work. All of this help 
is extended or given only upon the condition that the recipient proves 
loyal to the school and complies with all the rules and regulations of the 
College. 

A student forfeits the privilege of a scholarship or other help from the 
school when his average grade falls below passing standards or when in 
any way he refuses to co-operate with the College, or when he disregards 
the regulations of the institution. 

Students rooming in Dormitories and boarding at the College Dining 
Hall will be given preference when work of various kinds is assigned. 



24 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 



Outline of Requirements for Admission to Groups Leading to 
the Bachelor of Arts Degree 

The following is an outline of the requirements for admission to the Freshman class of Lebanon 
Valley College. A detailed description of the courses indicated in this outline appears on pages 26-33 of 
this catalogue. Of these eleven and one-half units are required as specified and three units may be 
elected. 

A unit represents the work of a school year of no less than thirty-six weeks, with five periods of at 
least forty-five minutes each week, or four periods of one hour each per week. A unit, therefore, is the 
equivalent of one hundred and eighty recitation periods of forty-five minutes each, or one hundred and 
forty-four periods of one hour each. 



GROUP I 

English 


English 


Three units required 


GROUP II 


Elementary Algebra 


1 unit 


Two and one-half 


Mathematics 


Intermediate Algebra 


| unit 


units required, one 




Plane Geometry 


1 unit 


of which must be 




Solid Geometry 


\ unit 


Plane Geometry. 




Plane Trigonometry 


\ unit 




GROUP III 


Latin 


4 units 


Five units required, 


Foreign 


German 


2 units 


three of which must 


Languages 


French 


2 units 


be Latin. 




Greek 


2 units 






Spanish 


1 unit 






Italian 


1 unit 




GROUP IV 


Physical Geog. £ 


Dr 1 unit 


Physics required. 


Physical 


Physics 


1 unit 


Chemistry required 


Sciences 


Chemistry § 


ar 1 unit 


only for students in- 
tending to take 
Science Group. 


GROUP V 


Botany 


1 unit 


Elective 


Biological 


Zoology 


1 unit 




Sciences 


Physiology 


1 unit 




GROUP VI 


Greek and Roman 


1 unit 


One unit required. 


History, Etc. 


Medieval and Modern 


1 unit 






English 


1 unit 






Civics 


| unit 






Economics 


\ unit 




GROUP VII 


One unit of credit may 


be given 






for subjects not mentioned in 






the above groups at 


the dis- 






cretion of the College Com- 






mittee on credits. 







In case the requirements of a given Group are not fully met by the fourteen and one-half units elected, 
the studios neceesary for such requirements must be taken in place of an elective in the regular college 
course. For example, if a student presents three units of Latin and two of German for admission to a 
Group requiring four units of Latin, he must include in his college course the equivalent of the fourth 
unit of Latin. 



BULLETIN 



25 



Outline of Requirements of Admission to Groups Leading to 
the Bachelor of Science Degree 

The following is an outline of the requirements for admission to the Freshman class 
of Lebanon Valley College. A detailed description of the courses indicated in this outline 
appears on pages 26-33 of this catalogue.' An aggregate of fourteen and one-half units must 
be offered by the candidate for admission. Of these twelve units are required as specified 
and two and one-half units may be elected. 

A unit represents the work of a school year of no less than thirty-six weeks, with five 
periods of at least forty-five minutes each per week, or four periods of one hour each per 
week. A unit, therefore, is the equivalent of one hundred and eighty recitation periods of 
forty-five minutes each, or one hundred and forty-four periods of one hour each. 



GROUP 1 

English 



English 



3 units 



Three units required 



GROUP II 

Mathematics 



Elementary Algebra 1 unit 

Intermediate Algebra § unit 

Plane Geometry 1 unit 

Solid Geometry \ unit 

Plane Trigonometry | unit 



Three units required, 
one-half unit of 
which must be Solid 
Geometry. 



GROUP III 
Foreign 
Languages 



Latin 

French 

German 

Greek 

Spanish 

Italian 



4 units 
3 units 
3 units 
3 units 
1 unit 
1 unit 



Two units required. 



GROUP IV 

Physical 
Sciences 



Physics 
Chemistry 



1 unit 
1 unit 



Two units required. 



GROUP V 
Biological 
Sciences 



Botany 
Zoology 



1 unit 
1 unit 



One unit required. 



GROUP VI 
History, Etc. 



Greek and Roman 1 unit 

Medieval and Modern 1 unit 

English 1 unit 

Civics \ unit 

Economics f unit 



One unit required. 



GROUP VII 



One unit of credit may be given 
for subjects not mentioned in 
the above groups at the discre- 
tion of the College Committee 
on credits. 



In case the requirements of a given Group are not fully met by the fourteen and one- 
half units elected, the studies necessary for such requirements must be taken. in place of an 
elective in the regular college course. For example, if a student presents three units of Latin 
and two of German for admission to a Group requiring four units of Latin, he must include 
in his college course the equivalent of the fourth unit of Latin. 



26 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 



DESCRIPTION OF COURSES 

Candidates for admission should note carefully the following description 
of courses. 

ENGLISH 
Three units required 

A thorough course in Advanced English Grammar, and a systematic 
course in English Composition and in the essentials of Rhetoric is required 
of all students. In addition to this and following the recommendations of 
the Conference on Uniform Entrance Requirements in English books are 
prescribed for reading, study and practice as follows: 

a. Reading and Practice — (1920) Two units. 

Group I. (Two to be selected.) The Old Testament, comprising at least 
the chief narrative episodes in Genesis, Exodus, Joshua, Judges, Samuel, 
Kings, and Daniel together with the books of Ruth and Esther; the Odyssey, 
with the omission, if desired, of Books I, II, III, IV, V, XV, XVI, XVII, 
the Iliad, with the omission, if desired, of Books XI, XIII, XIV, XV, XVII, 
XXI; Virgil's Aeneid. The Odyssey, Iliad and Aeneid should be read in 
English translations of recognized literary excellence. For any unit of this 
group a unit from any other group may be substituted. 

Group II. (Two to be selected.) Shakespeare's The Merchant of Venice; 
Midsummer Night' s Dream; As You Like It; Twelfth Night; Henry the 
Fifth; Julius Caesar 

Group III. (Two to be selected.) Defoe's Robinson Crusoe, Part I; 
Goldsmith's Vicar of Wakefield; either Scott's Ivanhoe, or Quentin Durward; 
Hawthorne's The House of Seven Gables; either Dicken's David Copper- 
field, or a Tale of Two Cities; Thackeray's Henry Esmond; Mrs. Gaskill's 
Cranford; George Eliot's Silas Marner; Stevenson's Treasure Island. 

Group IV. (Two to be selected.) Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress, Part I; 
the Sir Roger de Coverley Papers inthe" 'Spectator" ; Franklin's A ulobiography 
(condensed); Irving's Sketch Book; Macaulay's Essays on Lord Clive and 
Warren Hastings; Thackeray's English Humourists; Selections from Lin- 
coln, including at least the two Inaugurals, the Speeches in Independence 
Hall and at Gettysburg, the Last Public Address and Letter to Horace 
Greeley, along with a brief memoir or estimate; Parkman's Oregon Trail; 
either Thoreau's Walden, or Huxley's Autobiography and selections from 
Lay Sermons including the address on Improving Natural Knowledge, 
A Liberal Education, and A Piece of Chalk; Stevenson's Inland Voyage 
and Travels with a Donkey. 



BULLETIN 27 

Group V. (Two to be selected.) Palgrave's Golden Treasury (First 
Series, Books II and III, with special attention to Dryden, Collins, Gray, 
Cowper, and Burns); Gray's Elegy in a Country Churchyard and Goldsmith's 
Deserted Village; Coleridge's Ancient Mariner and Lowell's The Vision of 
Sir Launfal, Scott's The Lady of the Lake, Byron's Childe Harold, Canto IV 
and The Prisoner of Chillon; Palgrave's Go Ide n Treasury (First Series, Book 
IV with special attention to Wordsworth, Keats and Shelley) ; Poe's The 
Raven, Longfellow's The Courtship of Miles Standish and Whittier's Snow 
Bound; Macaulay's Lays of Ancient Rome and Arnold's Sohrab and Rustum, 
Tennyson's Gareth and Lynette, Lancelot and Elaine, and The Passing of 
Arthur, Browning's Cavalier Tunes, The Lost Leader, How They Brought the 
Good News from Ghent to Aix, Home Thoughts from Abroad, Home Thoughts 
from the Sea, Incidents of the French Camp, Herve Riel, Pheidippides , My 
Lost Duchess, Up at a Villa — Down in the City. 

b. Study and Practice — (One unit) Shakespeare's Macbeth; Milton's 
V Allegro, II Penseroso and Comus; Burke's Speech on Conciliation with 
America, or Washington's Farewell Address and Webster's First Bunker 
Hill Oration, Macaulay's Life of lohnson or Carlyle's Essay on Burns. 

MATHEMATICS 

a. Elementary Algebra, Algebra to quadratics — One unit. 

1. The four fundamental operations. 

2. Factoring, determination of highest common factor and lowest 
common multiple by factoring. 

3. Linear equations, both numerical and literal, containing one, two 
and three unknowns. 

4. Problems depending on linear equations. 

5. Radicals and the extraction of the square root of polynomials. 

6. Fractional and negative exponents. 

b. Quadratics and Beyond — One-half unit. 

1. Quadratic equations, both numerical and literal. 

2. Problems depending on quadratic equations. 

3. The binomial theorem for positive integral exponents. 

4. The formulas for the nth term and the sum of the terms of arith- 
metical and geometrical progressions. 

5. Numerous problems chosen from mensuration, from physics and 
from commercial life. High School Algebra complete. 

The equivalent of Hawke's and others 

c. Plane Geometry — One unit. 

1. The usual theorems and constructions. 

2. The solution of numerous exercises, including problems of loci. 

3. The equivalent of Durell's Plane Geometry. 



28 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

d. Solid Geometry — One-half unit. 

1. The usual theorems, the properties and measurements of prisms, 
pyramids, cylinders and cones, the sphere and spherical triangle. 

2. Applications to the mensuration of surfaces and solids. 

e. Trigonometry — One-half unit. 

1. Definitions and relations of the six trigonometric functions as ratios, 
circular measurements of angles. 

2. Proofs of the principal formulae, and the transformation of trigono- 
metric expressions by means of these formulae. 

3. Solution of trigonometric equations. 

4. The theory and use of logarithms. 

5. The solution of right, oblique and spherical triangles with applica- 
tions. 

LATIN 

Latin A — Three units. 

A systematic course of five lessons a week extending over a period of 
three years is required. 

The real test of the candidate's fitness is based upon his ability to read 
simple Latin prose, to explain constructions and idioms, and to turn simple 
Latin sentences into prose. 

He should have studied grammar, elementary prose composition, 90 to 
120 pages of Nepos (Lives) and Caesar (Gallic and Civil wars;) also about 
40 pages of Cicero and the first four books of Virgil or its equivalent in 
Latin poetry. 

Latin B — One unit (optional.) 

Virgil and Ovid, 6,000 to 10,000 verses or other equivalents not read in 
Latin A. 

GREEK 

Greek 1 — One unit. 

The equivalent of White's First Greek Book. Five recitations a week 
for at least thirty weeks. The candidates shall have read the equivalent 
of about eight chapters of Anabasis and show a knowledge of ordinary 
forms. 

Greek 2 — One unit. 

At least the first four books of the Anabasis together with the ability 
to turn short sentences into Greek. 

Greek 3 — One unit. 

The translation at sight of Attic prose and of Homer, including construc- 
tions, idioms and prosody and the ability to translate a short passage of 
connected English narrative is required. 



BULLETIN 29 

GERMAN 

a. Elementary German — Two units. 

During the first year the work should comprise: 

1. Careful drill on pronunciation. 

2. Drill on the rudiments of grammar. 

3. Abundant easy exercises in reproduction and memory work. 

4. The reading of 75 to 100 pages of graduated texts from a reader. 
During the second year the work should comprise: 

1. The reading of 150 to 200 pages of literature in the form of easy 
stories and plays. 

2. Reproduction practice as before, both oral and written. 

3. Continued drill on the rudiments of grammar. 

Suitable stories and plays are as follows: 

Wilhelmi's Einer muss heiraten, Bacon's Im Vaterland, Anderson's 
Maerchen, Leander's Traeumereien, Heyse's L' A rrabbiata, Hillern's Hoher 
als die Kirche, Storm's Immensee, Zschokke's Der Zerbrochene Krug, 
Stokel's Unter dem Christbaum, Baumbach's, Der Schwiegersohn. 

b. Intermediate German — One unit. 

The work should comprise, in addition to the elementary course, the 
reading of about 400 pages of moderately difficult prose and poetry to- 
gether with constant drill in reproduction and grammatical drill, with 
special reference to the infinitive and the subjunctive. 

Suitable reading matter can be selected from the following: 
Freytag's Die Journalisten, Fouque's Undine, Goethe's Hermann and 
Dorothea, Lessing's Minna von Barnhelm, Schiller's Der Neffe als Onkel, 
Wilhelm Tell, Die Jungfrau von Orleans and others prescribed by the College 
Entrance Examination Board. 

FRENCH 

a. Elementary French — Two units. 

The applicant should be able to pronounce French accurately, to turn 
simple English sentences into French and to answer questions on the rudi- 
ments of grammar. 

The first year's work should comprise the rudiments of grammar, the 
reproduction of natural forms of expression and the reading of 100 to 175 
duodecimo pages of graduated texts. 

During the second year the work should comprise: 

1. Constant practice in translating into French easy variations upon the 
texts read. 

2. Frequent oral abstracts. 



30 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

3. The mastery of the use of pronouns, pronominal adjectives, of all 
but the rare irregular verb forms and the simpler uses of the conditional 
and the subjunctive. 

4. The reading of 400 to 500 pages of easy modern prose in the form of 
series, plays, or historical or biographical sketches. 

Suitable texts for the second year are: 

About's Le roi des Montagues, Bruno's Le tour de la France, Mairet's 
Latache du petit Pierre, Merimee's Colombo, Legouve .'and Labiche's 
La cigale chez les fourmis, Le Bedolliere's La Mere Michel et son chat. 

b. Intermediate French — One unit 

1. Constant practice in French paraphrasing. 

2. Grammar in modern completeness. 

3. Writing from dictation. 

4. The reading of from 400 to 600 pages from suitable texts such as 
the following: 

Corneille's Le Cid, Sandeau's Le gendre de M. Poirier, Daudet's 
La Belle- Nivernaise, Racine's Athalie, Andromaque and Esther, George 
Sand's plays and stories, Sandeau's Mademoiselle de la Siegliere, and others. 

PHYSICS 
Elementary Physics — One Unit. 

1. The study of standard text book as Carhart and Chute's High 
School Physics, or Millikan and Gale's, A First Course in Physics. 

2. Lectures and table demonstrations. 

3. Individual laboratory work consisting of at least 30 experiments as 
required by the College Entrance Examination Board. 

4. The course should include the following fundamental topics. 

a. Introduction, metric system, volume, density, weight and states of 
matter. 

b. Mechanics: Fluids and solids. 

c. Heat. 

d. Sound. 

e. Light. 

f. Magnetism. 

g. Static Electricity, 
h. Current Electricity. 

The applicant must also present an approved laboratory note book of 
experiments performed, together with a certificate from the teacher of 
Physics stating the exact character and amount of work done under his 
supervision. 



BULLETIN 31 

BOTANY 
Elementary Botany — One unit. 

PART I. The General Principles of (a) Anatomy and Morphology, 
(b) Physiology, and (c) Ecology. 

a. Anatomy and Morphology. 

The seed, the shoot, specialized and metamorphosed shoots, the root, 
specialized and metamorphosed roots, the flower, the comparative and 
morphological study of four or more types, the fruit and the cell. 

b. Physiology. 

Roll of water in the plant, photosynthesis, respiration, digestion, irrita- 
bility, growth and fertilization. 

c. Ecology. 

Modifications, dissemination, cross-pollination, light relations of green 
tissue and special habitats. 

PART II. The natural history of the plant groups and classification. 
A comprehensive study of the great natural group of plants. Selections 
may be made from the following: 

a. Algae. Pleurococcus, Sphaerella, Spirogyra, Vaucheria, Fucus, . 
Nemalion. 

b. Fungi. Bacteria, Rhizopus or Mucor, Yeast, Puccinia, Corn Smut, 
Mushroom. 

c. Lichens. Physcia (or Parmelia or Usnea.) 

d. Bryophytes. In Hepaticae, Radula and in Musci, Mnium. 

e. Pteridophytes. In Filicineae, Aspidium, or equivalent including 
the prothallus. In Equesetinae, Equisetum. In Lycopodinae, Lycopo- 
dium and Selaginella. 

f . Gymnosperms. Pinus or equivalent. 

g. Angiosperms. A monocotyledon and dicotyledon. 

The applicant shall present a certified note-book of individual labo- 
ratory work of at least double the amount of time given to recitation. 
Special stress should be laid upon accurate drawings and precise 
descriptions. 

ZOOLOGY 

Elementary Zoology — One unit. 

1. The general natural history — including general external structure 
in relation to adaptations, life histories, geographical range, relations to 
other plants and animals, and economic relations — of common vertebrates. 



32 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

Suggested types are a mammal, bird, lizard, snake, turtle, newt, frog, 
dogfish or shark, bony fish, clam, snail, starfish, earthworm, hydra, sea- 
anemone, paramoecium. 

Pupils should be familiar with orders of insects or with crustaceans, 
spiders and myriapods. 

Actual examination of common animals with the above should be sup- 
plemented by reading, giving natural history information. 

Laboratory work required 

Certified note-books should be presented. 

In general, the work as outlined by the College Entrance Examination 
Board will be accepted. 

CHEMISTRY 

Elementary Chemistry — One unit. 

The candidate's preparation should include: 

1. Individual laboratory work, comprising at least forty exercises from 
a list of sixty or more as outlined by the College Entrance Examination 
Board. 

2. Instruction by lecture table demonstrations, to be used mainly as a 
basis for questioning upon the general principles involved in the pupils 
laboratory investigations. 

3. The study of at least one standard text book, to the end that the 
pupil may gain a comprehensive and connected view of the most impor- 
tant facts and laws of elementary Chemistry. Brownlee's Principles 
in Chemistry or its equivalent is required. 

HISTORY 

History a — One unit. 

Ancient History, with special reference to Greek and Roman history, 
including also a brief study of the ancient civilization and bringing the 
study down to the death of Charlemagne. 

History b — One unit. 

Medieval and Modern History, from the death of Charlemagne to the 
present time. 

History c — One unit. 

English History. 

History d — One unit. 

American History and Civics. 



BULLETIN 33 

GEOGRAPHY 
Physical Geography — One unit. 

a. The Earth as a Globe. 

b. The Ocean. 

c. The Atmosphere — including weather instruments and the U. S. 
Weather Map. 

d. The Land. 

e. Volcanoes. 

f. Rivers. 

g. Glaciers. 

h. Relation of man, plants and animals to climate, land forms, and 
oceanic areas. 

A note-book certified to by the teacher in charge is required in all cases 
for one unit. Otherwise one-half unit only may be offered. 

DRAWING 
Free-hand Drawing — One unit. 

1. The applicant must be able to sketch with fairly steady and clean 
lines any figures or combinations of figures, polygons, spirals or the like. 

2. He shall be able to sketch common objects such as furniture and 
utensils with reasonable accuracy and correctness of proportion. 

3. Also to sketch from copy, enlarging or reducing dimensions, any 
simple object, such as a valve or title pattern. 

A note-book with drawings approved and certified to by the teacher 
must be presented in order to receive credit. 



34 



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38 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

ASTRONOMY 

Professor Lehman 

1. General Astronomy — Three hours. First Semester. 

A course in descriptive astronomy. Reports on assigned readings. 
Important constellations and star groups are studied. 

A fine four-and-a-half-inch achromatic telescope adds to the interest 
of the subject. 

Open to Juniors and Seniors. 

BIBLE 

Professor Shroyer 

1. Teacher Training. Two hours. Thruout the year. The aim of 
this course is to give in a concise and convenient form, a fairly compre- 
hensive elementary course for teachers or those contemplating teaching. 
The course is in two parts. The theme of the first volume is the Bible. 
In the second volume the following subjects are discussed: The Pupil; 
The Teacher; The School. The complete course is helpful not only to 
teachers in the Bible School, but also to the public school teacher. Text: 
Barclay's The Bible. 

2. Bible Study By Doctrines. Two hours. Second semester. This 
is a course outlining a brief summary of the leading doctrines derived di- 
rectly from the Bible. No attempt at criticism is made. Rather the aim 
is to show the fundamental things upon which we are united in a 
common faith, appealing always to the Book as the final authority. 
Text: Sell's Bible Study by Doctrines. 

3. New Testament History. Two hours. First semester. This 
course is a study of the beginnings of Christianity. Christianity is a 
historical study. It is also a study of religion centering around the person 
of Christ. Our information can be obtained first hand by consulting the 
original source, the Bible. The ministry of Jesus and the missionary 
labors of Paul naturally receive a prominent place in the study. Text: 
Rail's New Testament History. 

4. Old Testament History. Two hours. Second semester. The 
primary source is the Bible from which we obtain definite and adequate 
moral and spiritual ideals to meet the needs of our day. "God, having of 
old time spoken unto the fathers in the prophets by divers portions and in 
divers manners, hath at the end of these days spoken unto us in a Son." 
That is, Old Testament history is a divine revelation in preparation for 
and culminating in the person of Christ and His teachings. The complete 
work of God can be known only thru the whole Book. Texts by Painter, 
Peritz, and Sanders. 

5. Social Institutions and Ideals of the Bible. Two hours. 
First semester. This is a study of the Bible in a topical and progressive 



BULLETIN 39 

way in the development or modification of the social institutions of the 
Hebrew people more particularly up to the advent of Christ. The family, 
slavery, education, agriculture, commerce, wealth, poverty, and re- 
ligion, are specimens of the many social problems considered. Text: 
Soares* Social Institutions of the Bible. 

Two courses thruout the year are required for graduation. 

BIOLOGY 

PROFESSOR DERICKSON 

1. General Biology — Four hours. Thruout the year. 

Three lectures or recitations and one laboratory period of two hours 
each week. 

The object of the course is to acquaint the student with the essential 
structures and processes of living things. 

Types of plants and animals are studied in the laboratory to illustrate 
the structure, properties, and activities of living protoplasm as mani- 
fested in individuals composed of a simple cell, of tissues, and of systems 
of organs. The principles of development, homology, classification, adapta- 
tion, evolution, and heredity are considered. 

The course is fundamental and it or its equivalent is required for ad- 
mission to all other courses in Biology. 

Required of Sophomores in all courses. Elective for others. 

2. *Botany — Four hours. Thruout the year. 

Three lectures or recitations and two laboratory periods of two hours 
each, per week. The object of the course is to give to the student a broad, 
general knowledge of the plant kingdom. The form, structure, and func- 
tioning of one or more types of each of the divisions of algae, fungi, liver- 
worts, mosses, ierns, and flowering plants are studied. Special attention 
is given to the ontogeny and phylogeny of the several groups suggestive 
of evolution. 

Experiments are performed in the laboratory to determine some of 
the relations of plants to water, gravitation, temperature, and light. 
Several types of seeds are studied as to their structure, germination, and 
development. The principles of classification are learned by the analysis 
and identification of representatives of at least twenty-five orders of 
spermatophytes. • 

The Laboratory and class-room work is supplemented by frequent field 
trips. 

Each student is supplied with a compound microscope, dissecting in- 
struments, note, and drawing materials. 

3. *Zoology — Four hours. Thruout the year. 

Three lectures and two laboratory periods of two hours each, per week. 
•Biology 2 and Biology 3 are given in alternate years. Biology 2 will be given in 1920-192 . 



40 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

The principles of biology are learned by making a careful compara- 
tive study of representatives of several phyla of animals. The amoeba, 
euglena, Paramecium, vorticella, sponge, hydra, starfish, earthworm, 
crayfish, grasshopper, mussel, amphioxus, and frog are studied. A care- 
ful study is made of the embryology of the frog. The process of develop- 
ment is closely watched from the segmenting of the egg until metamor- 
phosis takes place. Each student is taught the principles of technic by 
preparing and sectioning embryos at various stages of development. 
From these and other microscopic preparations the development of the 
internal organs and origin of tissues is studied. This is followed by a 
histological study of the tissues of the adult frog. 

Each student is required to keep a record of all work done in the labora- 
tory in carefully prepared notes and drawings. 

Texts: Hegner's College Zoology, Holms' The Frog. 

4. "("Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy — Four hours. Thruout the 
year. Six hours laboratory work and two conferences each week. 

The course consists of the dissection and thorough study of a suctorial 
fish, a cartilaginous fish, a bony fish, an amphibian, a reptile, a bird, and 
a mammal. Carefully labeled drawings are required of each student as a 
record of each dissection. 

Text-books: Pratt's Vertebrate Zoology, Kingsley's Text-book of Vertebrate 
Zoology. 

5. "(Vertebrate Histology and Embryology — Four hours. 

Histology— Two conferences and six hours of laboratory work per week. 
The normal histology of the mammalian body is made the basis of the class 
work. Each student is required to acquire a practical knowledge of all 
phases of histological technic. 

All the tissues as well as the structure of all of the organs of the body 
are studied. Each student prepares about one hundred and fifty slides. 

Text-book: A Manual of History and Organography, Hill. 

Elective for Juniors and Seniors. 

Embryology — Second week in March to the end of the year. Two lectures 
and six hours of laboratory work per week. The laboratory work is based 
on the development of the chick and comparisons made with that of the 
frog and mammal. A study is made of living embryos at various stages of 
development. These are later killed, prepared, and sectioned by the student 
for the study of the development of the internal organs. Fully labeled 
drawings are required. 

Text-books: Chordate Development, Kellicott. 

Elective for Juniors and Seniors. 

t Biology 4 and Biology 5 are given in alternate years. Biology 4 will be given in 1920-1921. 



BULLETIN 41 

CHEMISTRY 

PROF. HARING, MR. C. C. HARTMAN AND MR. E. S. GINGRICH 

The Department of Chemistry offers to a student in the Science group, 
who desires to specialize in Chemistry, the possibility of a four years' 
course in the subject, together with certain electives. Such students are 
required to take Chemistry 1, 2, 3, and 5. Special courses may be arranged 
by consultation with the professor in charge. 

The courses are so planned as to give students specializing in the sub- 
ject a thorough grounding in the principles and theory involved, and also 
in laboratory manipulation. Upon graduation, such students should be in 
a position to enter commercial work, or to specialize in some particular 
branch of Chemistry, or to meet medical school requirements. 

1. General Inorganic Chemistry. Four hours. Thruout the year. 
One experimental lecture, two recitations, and one laboratory period of 
three hours, each week. The fundamental chemical laws and theories, the 
elements and their compounds are considered in detail. Pre-requisite to 
all later courses in Chemistry and to Geology. 

Text-book: — General Chemistry for Colleges, Alexander Smith. 
Laboratory Manual -.—Laboratory Outline of College Chemistry, Alexander 
Smith. 

2. Qualitative Analysis. Four hours. Thruout the year. One lec- 
ture or recitation and nine hours laboratory work. The theory and practice 
involved in the detection of the elements. Solutions, and natural and arti- 
ficial products are analyzed. Pre-requisite, Chemistry 1. 

Text-book: — Qualitative Chemical Analysis,, Vol. 1. Stiegh'tz. 
Laboratory Manual: — Qualitative Chemical Analysis, A. A. Noyes. 

3. Quantitative Analysis. Four hours. Thruout the year. One lec- 
ture or recitation and nine hours laboratory work. The theory and practice 
of gravimetric and volumetric analysis, and chemical calculations. The 
course includes the analysis of ores, minerals, alloys and simple salts. 
Pre-requisite, Chemistry 2. 

Text-book: — Chemical Calculations, Whiteley. 
Laboratory Manual: — Quantitative Chemical Analysis, Talbot. 
This is supplemented with the methods of those who are specialists on 
particular determinations. 

4. Advanced Quantitative Analysis. Three hours. Thruout the 
year. A minimum of nine hours laboratory work a week will be required. 
The course includes the analysis of natural and artificial products, such as 
foods, fertilizers, paints, oils, etc. Pre-requisite, Chemistry 3. Senior 
elective. 



42 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

Laboratory Manual: — Bulletins Nos. 107 and 109 of the Bureau of 
Chemistry. 

These are also supplemented with special methods. 

5. Organic Chemistry. Four hours. Thruout the year. Two hours 
lectures and recitations and six hours laboratory work. A careful study is 
made of the more important aliphatic and aromatic compounds. In the 
laboratory, some typical compounds of each class are prepared and puri- 
fied. Pre-requisite, Chemistry 2. Senior course. 

Text-book: — Theoretical Organic Chemistry, Cohen. 

Laboratory Manual : — Laboratory Manual of Organic Chemistry, Fisher. 

6. Industrial Chemistry. Two hours. First semester. Lectures 
and recitations. The practical applications of Chemistry are considered. 
Trips may be taken to various plants in the vicinity. Pre-requisite, Chemis- 
istry 3. Elective for those Seniors who are specializing in Chemistry. 

Text-book: — Outlines of Industrial Chemistry, Thorp. 

7. Physical Chemistry. Four hours. Thruout the year. Lectures, 
conferences and laboratory work. The course serves to correlate the work 
of the previous years. Subjects considered are, the atomic and kinetic 
molecular theories, liquids and solutions, thermo chemistry, equilibrium, 
the law of mass action and the phase rule, velocity of reaction and catalysis, 
electrical conductivity and electromotive force, hydrolysis, colloidal solu- 
tions and absorption. Determinations of density, molecular weights, dis- 
tribution coefficients, conductivity, E. M. F., solubilities, velocity of re- 
action, transition points, etc. are carried out in the laboratory. Pre-requi- 
site courses, Chemistry 1, 2, 3 and 5. Open only to Seniors. 

Text-book: — Outlines of Theoretical Chemistry, Getman. 
Laboratory Manual: — Practical Physical Chemistry, Findlay. 

8. Mineralogy and Blowpipe Analysis. Two hours. Second se- 
mester. One hour lecture or recitation and one hour laboratory work. This 
is an elementary course in physical, chemical and economic mineralogy. 
The laboratory work is a brief course of qualitative analysis in the dry 
way, with special reference to the identification of minerals. Pre-requisite, 
Chemistry 2. Senior elective. 

Text-book: — Minerals and How to Study Them, Dana. 
Laboratory Manual: — Determinative Mineralogy, Lewis. 

ECONOMICS 

PROFESSOR GINGRICH 

1. Economics — Three hours. Thruout the year. 

The work of the first semester deals with economic theory. During the 
second semester practical current problems are considered. 
Fetter: Economic Principles. Volumes 1 and 2. 



BULLETIN 43 

2. Money and Banking — Three hours. First Semester. 

The course is intended to familiarize the student with the monetary 
history of the United States, the history of banks and banking, the methods 
of banks and clearing houses, and with the laws relating to this subject. 

3. Business Finance — Three hours. Second Semester. 

A study of business laws, the several types of business associations, the 
liability of individuals and associations engaged in business and a practical 
consideration of modern business methods. Much time is given to the study 
of corporations. 

Lough : Business Finance. 

EDUCATION 

PROFESSOR GRIMM 

1. History of Education — Two hours. Thruout the year. 

A study of the pedagogical theories and practices, from the early days of 
China to the present. Especial attention given to the educational work 
of Pestalozzi, Herbart, and Froebel. 

Text-book: — Monroe's Text-book in the History of Education. 

2. School Management and School Law — Two hours. Second 
Semester. 

A consideration of the practical problems involved in class manage- 
ment and in school supervision. Investigation of the development of the 
public schools of the State of Pennsylvania, and a careful study of the 
present legal provision for the control and support of education in this 
commonwealth . 

3. Secondary Education — Two hours. Thruout the year. 

This course deals primarily with the American High School of today — 
its relation to the earlier Academies and English Grammar schools and its 
growth since the Civil War. Some attention will be given to the history of 
secondary schools in Europe. 

The course will consist of two parts: (1) The general problems of the 
high school, and (2) The high school curriculum. 

Surveys of at least one ungraded and one graded school must be made 
and reported by each member of the class. 

Text-books: — Cubberley's A History of Public Education in the United 
States. Johnston's Modern High School. 

ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE 

PROFESSORS BEATTY AND ADAMS 

la. Theory and Practice of English Composition — Two hours. 
Thruout the year. Required of all college freshmen. 



44 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

The aim of this course is to improve the student's ability in the threefold 
processes of the conveying of information, the consecutive presentation 
of ideas, and of persuasion. The first semester is devoted to the compo- 
sition of ideas and the composition of images is emphasized thruout the 
second semester. 

Texts: Baldwin's College Composition and Lomer and Ashmun's Study 
and Practice of Writing English. 

lb. Public Speaking — One hour. Thruout the year. Required of all 
College Freshmen. 

This course aims to give the student practice in the fundamentals of oral 
expression, and drill in interpreting and delivering orations and other forms 
of literature. 

2a. History of English Literature — Two hours. Thruout the year. 
Required of all sophomores. 

This course deals with the works of the leading authors from the earliest 
Anglo Saxon to the present. 

Texts: Fletcher's History of English Literature, and Century Selections 
of Readings in English Literature. 

3. Advanced Public Speaking — One hour. Thruout the year. Elec- 
tive for Sophomores. 

This course is a further study of the principles of oral expression, extem- 
poraneous speaking from assigned subjects, preparation of occasional 
speeches, study of the lives and methods of great orators, preparation and 
delivery of original orations, dramatic study of one of Shakespeare's plays, 
with development and interpretation of character, and presentation of 
scenes. 

4. Social Ideals of the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries. 

Two hours. First semester. Required of all Historical-Political Group 
students. 

By means of lectures and assigned readings the student is given the chief 
political, social and religious movements and tendencies from 1750-1850. 

5. History of American Literature — Two hours. Second semester. 
Required of all Historical-Political Group students. 

It is the aim of this course to give the student a comprehensive survey 
of the field of American Literature from 1607 — to the present. 

Texts: Trent's American Literature, and Three Centuries of American 
Poetry and Prose, Newcomer, Andrews and Hall. 

6. Shakespeare and the Drama — Three hours. Thruout the year. 
By means of lectures the development of drama is traced from the begin- 
ning to the closing of the theatres in 1642. Shakespeare's plays are then 
studied critically with special emphasis upon his development as a dra- 



BULLETIN 45 

matic artist. Various tendencies are traced through the Restoration 
Drama down to the present. 

Texts: Neilson's Chief Elizabethan Dramatists and Boas' Shakespeare 
and His Predecessors. 

7. Advanced Composition — Two hours. First semester. 

This course deals with the principles of criticism and the history and 
analysis of the short story. Students are required to write stories in imita- 
tion of types studied. 

Texts: Hamilton's Manual of the Art of Fiction and Albright's Short 
Story. 

8. History of the Novel — Two hours. Second semester. 

By means of lectures and assigned readings the development of the 
novel is traced from the Gesta Romanorum to Robert Louis Stevenson. 
Text: Hamilton's Manual of the Art of Fiction. 

9. Advanced Composition — One hour. Thruout the year. Elective. 
Text: To be announced. 

One hour. Second semester. Elective. 

10. Early English — Two hours. First semester. Elective. 

Early English grammar and sounds are studied; portions of Beowulf are 
read with due attention to Anglo-Saxon meter. 

Text: Smith's Old English Grammar and Exercise Book. 

11. Chancer — Two hours. Second semester. Elective. 

Texts: MacCracken's College Chaucer, MacLean's Old and Middle 
English Reader. 

FRENCH LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE 

PROFESSOR SCHMAUK AND MRS. GREEN 

1. First Year French — Three hours. Thruout the year. 

This course includes a drill in French pronunciation and grammar with 
exercises in dictation and composition (Thieme and Effinger's French 
Grammar); and the reading of the following texts or their equivalents; 
Daudet, Contes choisis; Dumas, UEvasion du Due Beaufort; Labiche- 
Martin Le Voyage de M. Perrichon. 

2. Second Year French — Three hours. Thruout the year. 

Grammar composition, dictation and the reading and interpretation of 
such texts as the following; Erckmann-Chatrian, Le Consent de 1813; Cd et 
La en France; Standard French Authors, Guerlac; Lectures Historiques, 
Moffett; La {Mare) au Diable, George Sand; Lt> Monde ou V on s'ennuie. 



46 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

3. French Literature of the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Cen- 
turies — Three hours. Thruout the year. 

Study of the classic drama. Reading and reports on works of Corneille, 
Moliere, Racine, and other representative writers. 

4. French Literature of the Nineteenth Century — Three hours. 
Thruout the year. 

Study of eminent modern authors. Reports on works assigned for 
private readings. 

5. Practical Course in French Conversation and Composition — 
One hour. Thruout the year. 

GEOLOGY 

PROFESSOR HARING 

1. General Geology — Two hours. Thruout the year. An introductory 
course. Lectures, recitations and laboratory work, consisting of map read- 
ing, study of rock types, etc. Also some field work. Pre-requisite, Chemis- 
try 1. Senior elective. 

Text-book: — Introductory Geology, Chamberlin and Salisbury. 

Laboratory Manuals: Interpretation of Topographic Maps. Historical 
and Structural Geology. Salisbury and Trowbridge. 

GERMAN LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE 

PROFESSOR MCLEAN 

1. Elective German — Three hours. Thruout the year. 
Literature of the 19th century. Fouque's Undine, Heine's Die Harz- 

reise, Freytag's Die Journalisten, Scheffel's Ekkehard, Mueller's Deutsche 
Liebe; Deutsche Gedichte, Wenkebach's Composition. 

The college will offer the following courses if the demand is sufficient. 

2. Elective German — Three hours. Thruout the year. 
Literature of the 18th century. Representative works of Lessing, 

Schiller, and Goethe will be read, discussed, and compared. 

3. Elective German — Three hours. Thruout the year. 
Pre-requisite German 2. General view of German Literature. Rapid 

reading of representative authors of each period; reading of selections 
from German History, Freytag's Ausdem Jahrhundert des Grossen Kreiges 
Reports in German on assigned work. This course alternates with Ger- 
man 6. 

6. Elective Goethe — Three hours. Thruout the year. 
Pre-requisite German 2. Study of Goethe's life and works; intensive 



BULLETIN 47 

study of Goethe's prose, poetry and drama; essays in German required. 
This course alternates with German 3. 

7. Elective course in scientific German for students in science. 



GREEK LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE 

PROFESSOR SHROYER 

1. Elementary Greek — Three hours. Thruout the year. 
Xenophon: Four Books of the Anabasis. Greek Prose. 

2. Sophomore Greek — Three hours. Thruout the year. 

Homer: Three books of the Iliad, scansion, sight translation, epic 
poetry. Greek antiquities, Greek literature, and Greek Prose. 

3. Junior Greek — Three hours. Thruout the year. 

Herodotus: Selections from several of the books are read. Review of 
the Greek historians and the Persian Wars. 

Plato: Apology and Crito. The Athenian courts. 
New Testament. Readings in the Pauline epistles. 

4. Senior Greek — Three hours. Thruout the year. 

Xenophon Memorabilia, or Demosthenes, De Corona. Socrates and the 
Socratic schools. The Attic oration. 

Sophocles, Oedipus Tyr annus, or Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound. De- 
velopment of the Greek Drama. Greek tragedy, comedy, and theatre. 

5. Elective Greek — Three hours. Thruout the year. 

New Testament: Readings in the gospels of Mark and John and in the 
Pauline and Catholic epistles. The object of this course is exegetical and 
practical. It will include a study of the synoptic gospels and a survey of 
the letters of Paul. 

HISTORY 

PROFESSOR SPANGLER 

1. Medieval and Early Modern History — Two hours. Thruout the 
year. A study of the life and institutions of the Middle Ages; the Renais* 
sance and the Reformation. 

Thatcher and Schwvill's Europe in the Middle Ages, Schwvill's Modern 
Europe, Robinson's Readings. 

2. European History from the accession of Louis XIV to the pres- 
ent time. Two hours. Thruout the year. 

Robinson and Beard, The Development of Modern Europe, Volumes I and 
II, Robinson's Readings. 



48 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

3. History of England — Two hours. Thruout the year. 

A brief review of the Anglo-Saxon period ; a more thorough study of the 
period following the Norman Conquest, and an intensive study of the 
Tudor period and the Revolution. 

Terry: History of England; Cheyney; Introduction to the Social and In- 
dustrial History of England, Cheyney; Readings in English History. 

ITALIAN 

PROFESSOR MCLEAN 

1. First Year Italian. Three hours. Thruout the year. 

Grandgent's Italian Grammar, Bowen's Italian Readings. Drill in con- 
versational phrases. 

2. Second year Italian. Three hours. Thruout the year. 

Advanced prose composition. Readings in Dante. Offered in 1920-1921 
if a sufficient number of students desire it. 



LATIN LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE 

PROFESSOR MCLEAN 

1. Livy; Cicero: De Senectute — Selections. Three hours. First 
Semester. 

2. Ovid — Selections. Three hours. Second Semester. 

3. Horace: Odes and Epodes — Pre-requisites, Latin 1 and 2. Three 
hours. First Semester. 

5. Plautus and Terence: Selected Comedies — Pre-requisites, Latin 
3 and 4. Three hours. One Semester. 

6. Pliny: Letters. Giving a picture of the historical, political, and 
private life of Rome in the first century A. D. Pre-requisites, Latin 3 
and 4. Three hours. One Semester. 

Cicero: Letters. Giving a picture of the historical, political, and 
private life of Rome in the first century B. C. Prerequisites, Latin 3 and 
4. Three hours. One Semester. 

8. Tacitus and Suetonius— ^elections. Pre-requisites, Latin 3 and 
4. Three hours. One Semester. 

9. Latin Prose Composition — Open only to students who are taking 
or have taken Latin 3 and 4. One hour. Thruout the year. 



BULLETIN 49 

10. Rapid Reading Course in Latin Prose Writers — Two hours. 
Thruout the year. 

11. Topography of Rome. Picturing the situation, growth and de- 
velopment of the city, its monuments, etc., beginning from the earliest 
stages of its existence. Pre-requisite. Latin 1 and 2. One hour. Thruout 
the year. 

MATHEMATICS 

PROFESSOR LEHMAN 

1. Advanced Algebra — Four hours. First Semester. 

Covering ratio and proportion, variation, progressions, the binomial 
theorem, theorem of undetermined coefficients, logarithms, permutations 
and combinations, theory of equations, partial fractions, etc. 

2. Plane and Spherical Trigonometry — Four hours. Second Se- 
mester. 

Definitions of trigonometric functions, goniometry, right and oblique 
triangles, measuring angles to compute distances and heights, develop- 
ment of trigonometric formulae, solution of right and oblique spherical 
triangles, applications to Astronomy. 

3. Analytic Geometry — Three hours. Thruout the year. 

The equations of the straight line, circle, parabola, and hyperbola are 
studied, numerous examples solved, and as much of the higher plane 
curves and of the geometry of space is covered as time will permit. 

4. Differential Calculus — Three hours. First Semester. 
Differentiation of algebraic and transcendental functions, maxima and 

minima, development into series, tangents, normals, evolutes, envelopes, 
etc. 

5. Integral Calculus — Three hours. Second Semester. 
Integrations, rectification of curves, quadrature of surfaces, cubature 

of solids, etc. 

6. Plane Surveying — Three hours. Second Semester. 

A study of the instruments, field work, computing areas, plotting, lev- 
eling, etc. 

7. Differential Equations — Three hours. First Semester. 
A course in the elements of different equations. Murray. 
Prerequisite, Mathematics, 3, 4, and 5. 

8. Analytic Mechanics — Three hours. Second Semester. Bowser. 
Prerequisite, Mathematics, 7. 



50 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

PHILOSOPHY 

PROFESSOR SPANGLER 

1. Psychology — Two hours. Thruout the year. 

Special emphasis will be upon (1) the application of psychological laws 
to practical life, and (2) the philosophical bearing of certain psychological 
principles. Six weeks will be devoted to a consideration of the essentials 
of Logic. 

2. Introduction to Philosophy — Two hours. First Semester. 

3. History of Philosophy — Two hours. Second Semester. 

In this course, the aim will be (1) to trace the development of phil- 
osophy, pointing out what of permanent value each system, as it arose, 
contributed toward a final solution of the problem of the nature of being, 
and (2) to show the interaction between philosophic thought and the 
practical life of the period during which it flourished. 

4. The Philosophy of Religion — Two hours. Second Semester. 

5. Ethics — Two hours. Thruout the year. 

This course will be primarily constructive and critical, and historical 
only in so far as its constructive purpose demands. Much attention 
will be given to the practical bearing of the doctrine set forth on the 
pressing problems of to-day — such as individualism, the integrity of our 
social institutions, the problems which grow out of progress, etc. 

6. Theism — Two hours. First Semester. 

A course in the grounds of theistic belief. Elective for Seniors. 

7. Child Psychology — Two hours. First Semester. 

8. Bible Psychology and Education — Two hours. Second Semester. 

9. Religious Education — Two hours. Thruout the year. 



POLITICAL SCIENCE 

PROFESSOR GINGRICH 

1. Constitutional Law — Three hours. Thruout the year. 

A course designed to give the student a working knowledge of the 
fundamental laws of Federal and State Government. The course is de- 
voted chiefly to the study of leading cases. 

Young's "The New American Government and Its Work" and lectures. 

2. Political Science — Three hours. First Semester. 



BULLETIN 51 

A study of various theories of the state and of the structure and province 
of government. 
Garner's Elements of Political Science 

3. United States Political and Constitutional History — Three 
hours. Thruout the year. 

A course devoted to the careful study of American political history, 
emphas'zing especially matters relating to the adoption and interpreta- 
tion of the Federal Constitution. 

PHYSICS 

PROFESSOR GRIMM 

Physics 1. General Physics — Four hours. Thruout the year. 

Three hours lectures and recitation and four hours laboratory work 
per week. The course will be a thoro investigation of the fundamental 
principles of physical science and is especially intended as a preparation 
for Physics 2, 3, and 4, and for those interested in the practical applica- 
tions of physical laws and principles. This course may be taken by those 
who have had no High School Physics. 

Text-book: Millikan and Gale's A First Course in Physics and Carhart's 
College Physics and Ames and Bliss's Laboratory Manual. 

Laboratory hours Thursday and Friday afternoons and Saturday morn- 
ing. 

2. Advanced Physics — Mechanics — For hours. One Semester. 

This course will be a thoro investigation of the mechanics of solids, 
liquids, and gases and sound. 
Second Semester 1920-1921. 

3. Advanced Physics — Electricity and Magnetism — Four hours. 
One Semester. 

This course will be a thoro consideration of the laws of the electric and 
magnetic fields and the power applications of electricity. 
First Semester, 1921-1922. 

4. Advanced Physics — Heat and Light — Four hours. One Semester. 

This course will be concerned with the nature of heat and light and the 
transmission of each through various media including reflection, refraction, 
and dispersion. 

First Semester, 1920-1921. 

Text-books: Kimball's College Physics, and a special text for each of 
courses 2, 3, and 4. 

The Calculus will be a very great aid in these courses. 



52 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

PHYSICAL CULTURE 

The work consists of gymnastic classes two days a week. Two years 
work in college is required for graduation. This work is required of all 
Resident, Special, and Resident Preparatory students. 

The work consists of marching, calisthenic drills, elementary work on 
the heavy apparatus, folk dancing, and group games 

The aim of the course will be to keep the students in good physical 
condition and to prepare them to handle similar work in grade or high 
schools. 

1. Freshman Physical Culture — One half hour. Two hours per 
week. 

2. Sophomore Physical Culture — One-half hour. Two hours per 
week. 

SOCIOLOGY 

PROFESSOR GINGRICH 

1. Theory of Sociology — Two hours. Thruout the year. 

The course is intended to give the student an understanding of the 
various theories of society together with the place of Sociology in the gen- 
eral field of learning. Modern social problems are considered at length. 

Blackmar and Gillin: Outlines of Sociology 

Ross: Social Psychology. 

SPANISH 

PROFESSOR MCLEAN 

1. Elementary Spanish — Three hours. Thruout the year. 
Hills and Ford's First Spanish Course. 

Fuentes and Francois' A Trip to Latin America. 
Drill in conversation. 

2. Advanced Prose Composition. Three hours. Thruout the year. 
Outline course of the History of Spanish Literature. Readings from 

modern Spanish authors and classic Dramatists. 

ORATORY AND PUBLIC SPEAKING 

PROFESSOR ADAMS 

The work of this department is primarily personal culture, the high- 
est development of the personality of the student. "The development 
of the art of oratory is the development of the orator himself." 

The course requires two years of study of prescribed work. Upon the 
completion of the studies a certificate is awarded. 

Students entering the regular course must have had a high-school course 
or its equivalent. 



BULLETIN 53 

A recital is given at least once a term for which the students are care- 
fully prepared. These afford the students public platform practice by 
which they gain confidence and experience. 

Each Senior is required to adapt and arrange a program for a public 
recital, from some piece of literature approved by the instructor. 

Description of Courses 
ORATORY AND LITERARY INTERPRETATION 

1. Evolution of Expression. Two hours. Thruout the year. Study 
of selections from great orators, essaysists, poets and dramatists. Practical 
drill work before class for developing power of student thru application 
of principles to his individual needs. Personal criticism and guidance to 
bring out originality of student. Dramatic work. 

2. Philosophy of Expression and Laws of Art. Two hours. Thruout 
the year. Expressive study of different forms of literature with particular 
attention to the laws of art which logically follow the steps of the Evolution. 
Dramatic work. 

(Two hours credit in college is given for each of the above courses. 
1 and 2 when taken with one private lesson a week). 

3. Poetic Interpretation. One hour. Thruout the year. Special in- 
terpretation and critical study of the great poets, with presentation and 
criticism before class, to acquaint student with mastery of literary art, 
to develop appreciation of the music and suggestiveness of poetry, and 
imaginative and poetic elements in work. Study of poetic forms from the 
ballad to lyric and dramatic poetry. 

4. Normal Training and Methods — One hour. Thruout the year. 
Practice in teaching and class management. Under the direction and criti- 
cism of the instructor the Seniors conduct class work, lecture upon 
principles, and discuss their application. 

5. Dramatic and Platform Art — One hour. Thruout the year. Inter- 
pretation and dramatic study of Hamlet, Macbeth, Othello, Merchant of 
Venice, Julius Caesar, and As You Like It. Presentation of prepared scenes 
for criticism. Practical work in stage business, deportment, and grouping. 

Platform deportment, correct bearing, and presentation before audience. 
Platform methods and traditions. Pantomime, study of emotions. Free- 
dom and responsiveness in bodily expression. 

Sketches and plays are given from time to time during the year, which, 
with the annual Junior and college plays provide special dramatic training 
for many. 

Private lessons, with attention to the special needs of the students, 



54 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

either in overcoming habits, or in personal development and repertoire, 
are given thruout the course to supplement the class work. 

Attention is given to the choice, adaptation and abridgment of selec- 
tions for public reading, arrangement of programs, writing introductions, 
etc. One hour per week. 

6. Voice Training. Exercises for breath control, for freeing of voice 
by proper placing and direction of tone, purity, flexibility, radiation, re- 
sonance, and power; pitch, volume, and inflection in emphasis. Tone color 
and form, ideal and imaginative qualities in tone. Diction. 

Given daily thruout course. 

7. Physical Training. Exercises for securing poise, bearing, freedom 
and ease in movement; to gain control over body and render it responsive 
to thought. Response in bearing and dramatic attitudes. Fundamental 
principles of gesture and drill. Given daily thruout course. 

8. English Literature. 

English Literature (English 2). 
Composition and Rhetoric (English 1). 

9. Psychology. (Philosophy 1). 

10. Public Speaking. 

English 1. B. Public Speaking. 

English 3. Advanced Public Speaking. (For descr'ption of courses see 
English.) 

TUITION 

Matriculation and Physical Culture, $6.00. Non-resident students may 
be exempted from physical culture. 

All tuition is payable in advance. No reduction allowed for absence 
for the first or second week of the terms, nor for lessons missed during the 
terms except in case of protracted illness. 

Regular Course, $88 per year, payable quarterly in advance. 

Special courses in Oratory 1 and 2 with one private lesson a week, giving 
2 hours credit, $44 per year, payable quarterly in advance. 

Private lessons $12 per quarter. 

Other classes will be formed when there is a call for any special line of 
work. 

Fee for certificate, $5.00. 



Lebanon Valley Academy 



Preparatory School 

OF 

Lebanon Valley College 



ADMINISTRATION 

GEORGE DANIEL GOSSARD, B.D., D D. 

President of the College 

W. N. MARTIN, A.B. 
Principal, Mathematics, Physics 



FOUNDED 1866 



56 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

HISTORICAL 

Lebanon Valley Academy was established in 1866. For fifty-three years 
it has cherished the ideals of full and accurate scholarship, and the develop- 
ment of character that fits one for the largest service to society. From its 
inception, college preparatory work has been its main purpose, but its 
curriculum has been well adapted to the needs of those who have entered 
immediately into practical life or professional study. 

EXAMINATIONS 

Examinations are held at the close of each half year. Other examina- 
tions will be held whenever the completion of a subject warrants such ex- 
amination. At this time reports are sent to parents and guardians. More 
frequent reports are sent when requested by parents. In the Academy 
records, A signifies excellent; B, very good; C, fair; D, low but passing; 
E, conditioned; F, repeat in class. An "E" record may be removed by a 
test on any part of the course in which the record is poor. For such test 
a fee of one dollar is charged. An "F" may not be removed by a special 
examination. 

For special tests, given on work not completed because of absence or 
otherwise, a fee of one dollar is charged. For special examinations a fee of 
two dollars is charged. 

ADMISSION 

The applicant should be at least twelve years of age. While no entrance 
examination is required, it is expected that the applicant shall have com- 
pleted the ordinary common school branches. 

Each student shall bring with him a certified statement of work done in 
the school last attended. Blanks for such certification will be provided by 
the school. Tentative credit will be given for work thus certified, and the 
student will be permitted to take up his work as near as possible where he 
left off, but any previous work found to be unsatisfactory will have to be 
repeated. 

Students will be received at any time, but in general it is to the student's 
advantage to enter in September, or less preferably, at the beginning of 
the second Semester. 

GRADUATION 

Any student who has completed 14^ units of work as outlined in the 
courses of study, provided that he has completed three and one-half units 
of Mathematics, three units of English, three units of Latin, one unit of 
Science, and one unit of History, shall be entitled to the school diploma. 
If the candidate desires to enter Lebanon Valley College he shall arrange 
his work to meet the entrance requirements for the several courses. 

Students having completed only a partial course will be given certificates 
for such work upon request. 



BULLETIN 57 

ACADEMY EXPENSES 

Matriculation $ 12 00 

Tuition 75 00 

Boarding 200 00 

Room Rent 32 00-75 00 

Dormitory Fee 6 00 

Contingent Fund 15 00 

The expenses for the year excluding laboratory fees and personal ex- 
penses are $340.00 to $383.00. Further details concerning expenses and 
regulations are found on pages 20-23 of this catalogue. 

LABORATORY FEES 

Elementary Physics, per Semester $ 3 00 

Elementary Chemistry, per Semester 4 00 

DESCRIPTION OF COURSES 

A unit represents a year's study in any subject and is reckoned to be a 
quarter of the entire amount of work required of each student. However 
the four years of English aggregate but three units. 

For graduation fourteen and one-half units are required. The following 
courses are required of all applicants. 

Latin a, b and c 3 units 

English a, b, c and d 3 units 

Mathematics a, a-2, c and b or d 3J units 

History 1 unit 

Science 1 unit 

Foreign Language 2 units 

Total 13f units 

The remaining 1 unit may be chosen from the following list. 
Physical Culture is required of all students for which one-half unit 
credit may be given. 

OUTLINE OF COURSES 
First Year 

Latin a Beginner's Latin 4 hours 

English a English Grammar and Classics 4 hours 

Mathematics a Advanced Arithmetic 4 hours 

Mathematics a-2 First Year Algebra 4 hours 

fScience a Physical Geography 4 hours 

fDrawing 4 hours 



58 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

Second Year 

Latin b Caesar and Composition 4 hours 

English b Rhetoric and Classics 4 hours 

Mathematics c Plane Geometry 4 hours 

fHistory c ) 

History d ) Ancient History 4 hours 

fGeometrical Drawing 4 hours 

Third Year 

Latin c Cicero and Composition 4 hours 

English c American Literature and Classics 4 hours 

German a Beginner's German 4 hours 

Science c ) j Biology I , 

Science e) * ( Elementary Chemistry ) 

fHistory b English History 4 hours 

Senior Year 

Latin d ) ( Virgil and Composition 4 hours 

German b )• ** \ Second Year German 4 hours 

Greek a J ( First Year Greek 5 hours 

Science d Elementary Physics 4 hours 

English d College Entrance Requirement 4 hours 

Mathematics d Solid Geometry 4 hours 

Mathematics b Second Year Algebra 4 hours 

History a American History and Civics 4 hours 

fElective 

*Required for graduates in Scientific Course. 

**Choose one. 



BULLETIN 59 

DESCRIPTION OF COURSES 

ENGLISH 

a-1 — English Grammar — Advanced. First Semester. Four hours. 

This course is required of all pupils who ha*e not had high-school 
grammar. Weekly themes are required. Reading: Irving's Sketch Book 
and Cooper's The Last of the Mohicans. 

a-2 — Composition and Rhetoric — Second Semester. Four hours. 

Brooks' Composition and Rhetoric. Book I. 

Theme work based on experience and assignments for reading. Read- 
ing: Scott's Ivanhoe, Coleridge's The Ancient Mariner, Shakespeare's The 
Merchant of Venice, Scott's Marmion. 

b — Composition and Rhetoric — Thruout the year. One hour. 

Brooks' Composition and, Rhetoric. Book I. 

Reading and Practice — Thruout the year. Three hours. 

George Eliot's Silas Marner, Shakespeare's As You Like It, Addison 
and Steele's The De Coverley Papers, Dickens' A Tale of Two Cities, Bun- 
yan's Pilgrim's Progress, Goldsmith's The Vicar of Wakefield. 

c — American Literature — Thruout the year. One hour. 

Newcomer's American Literature; rhetoric continued. 

Reading and Practice — Thruout the year. Two hours. 

Oral reading and careful study of Franklin's Autobiography, Haw- 
thorne's The House of Seven Gables, Hawthorne's Twice Told Tales, Shakes- 
peare's Julius Caesar, Tennyson's Idylls of the King, Longfellow's Narra- 
tive Poems, Poe's Poems and Tales, Whittier's Snowbound. 

Composition — Thruout the year. One hour. 

Weekly themes required. 

d — Composition and Rhetoric — Thruout the year. One hour. 
Brooks' Composition and Rhetoric, Book Two, concluded. Weekly 
themes required. 

English Literature — Thruout the year. One hour. 
Newcomer's English Literature. 

Reading and Practice — Critical study of the English classics pre- 
scribed for college entrance. 

Shakespeare's Macbeth, Milton's Minor Poems, Tennyson's The Prin- 
cess, Washington's Farewell Address, Webster's Bunker Hill Oration, Car- 
lyle's Essay on Burns. 



60 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

LATIN 

The following Latin courses are arranged in accordance with the Col- 
lege Entrance Requirements. 

Latin a — Beginners' Latin. Thruout the year. Five hours. One unit. 

Smith's Latin Lessons is completed. Special emphasis is placed on the 
memorizing and classification of grammatical forms. Constant practice 
in turning short sentences illustrating the fundamental rules of syntax 
into Latin is required. 

Latin b — Caeser. Thruout the year. Four hours. One unit. 

Caesar's Gallic Wars, Books I-IV. Thirty-six lessons in composition 
based on the text with as much sight reading as possible is required. Al- 
len and Greenough's Latin Grammar. 

Latin c — Cicero. Thruout the year. Four hours. One unit. 

Cicero's Manilian Law, Cataline I-IV, and Pro Archais, D ' Oge ' s Latin 
Composition, Allen and Greenough's Latin Grammar. 

Latin d — Virgil. Thruout the year. Four hours. One unit. 

Virgil's Aeneid I — VI, Bennet's Composition, Allen and Greenough's 
Latin Grammar. 

Latin a, b, c, and d are required for admission to the Classical and 
Modern Language Courses of Lebanon Valley College. 

HISTORY 

History a — Thruout the year. Four hours. One unit. 

American History and Civics. Detailed Study of American History 
with special attention to the History of the United States. The latter 
part of the year will be devoted to a consideration of national, state and 
county government. 

This course is required of all candidates for graduation. 

History b — Thruout the year. Four hours. One unit. 

Walker's Essentials of English History. Offered 1920-1921. 

History c and d — Thruout the year. Four hours. One unit. 

Ancient History with special reference to Greek and Roman History 
and including a short introductory study of the more ancient nations and 
the chief events of the early middle ages, down to the death of Charle- 
magne. Offered 1921-1922. 

GERMAN 

a — Beginning German — Four hours. Thruout the year. One unit. 

Bacon's German Grammar, and the reading of 75 to 100 pages of gradua- 
ated texts. Frequent reproduction from memory of sentences previously 
read. 



BULLETIN 61 

b — Second Year German — Four hours. Thruout the year. One unit. 
Oral and written reproduction of the matter read in easy variations. 

From 150 to 200 pages of literature are selected from the following list: 
Heyse's UArrabbiata; Hillern's Hoecher als die Kirche; Storms' Immensee, 
Leander's Traeumerien, Zschokke's Der Zerbrochene Krug; Wilhelm's 
Einer muss heiraten; Baumbach's Der Schwiegersohn. 

MATHEMATICS 

Mathematics a — Arithmetic. Half-year. Four hours. One-half unit. 

Rapid but thorough review of all the fundamental processes. Special 
drill in fractions, mensuration, percentage, the metric system, and modern 
business forms. 

Hamilton's A rithmetic. 

Mathematics a-2 — Thruout the year. Five hours. One unit. 
Beginner's Algebra to quadratics. Williams and Kempthorne's Algebra. 
Mathematics b — Intermediate Algebra. Thruout the year. One unit. 
Second Year Algebra. This course must be offered for graduation by all 
candidates. 

Mathematics c — Plane Geometry. Four hours. One unit. 
Durell's New Plane and Solid Geometry. Taught largely from the stand- 
point of the original problems. 

This course is required for graduation. 

Mathematics d — Solid Geometry. Half-year. One-half unit. 
Durell's Solid Geometry. 

SCIENCE 

Science a — Physical Geography. Half-year. Four hours. One-half unit. 

Dryer's Physical Geography. The earth as a globe, the ocean, the atmos- 
phere, the land, plains, plateaus, mountains, volcanoes, rivers, glaciers, 
geological formations and ages. 

A summary of the relation of man, plants, and animals to climate, land 
forms and oceanic areas. 

Science d — Elementary Physics. Thruout the year. One unit. 

Three hours recitation and four hours laboratory work per week. Me- 
chanics of solids, liquids, gases, heat, magnetism, electricity, sound and 
light. 

No previous knowledge of Physics is required for admission to this course. 
. Reed and Henderson's High School Physics. Forty experiments as out- 
lined in the National Physics Note Book Sheets are required in the labora- 
tory. 



62 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

Science e — Elementary Chemistry. Thruout the year. One-half unit. 

Two hours recitation and four hours laboratory work. 

The aim of the course is to present Chemistry to the beginner in such 
a way as to enable him to grasp the fundamental principles and to help 
him to secure a working knowledge of the Science in the laboratory. 

First Principles of Chemistry by Brownlee and others, and laboratory 
exercises accompanying same. 

DRAWING 

Free Hand Drawing — Half-year. Four hours. One-half unit. 

Geometrical Drawing — Half-year. Four hours. One-half unit. 

Drawing of geometrical figures, reconstruction of figures to a given 
scale, construction of scales to any given unit, projection of plane and solid 
figures, etc. 

Morris' Geometrical Drawing. 

PHYSICAL CULTURE 
Academy Physical Culture. Two hours per week. Required of all 
preparatory students. 

SUB-PREPARATORY COURSE 

Sometimes students of mature age come to us not fully prepared to enter 
the Academy. They have for various reasons attended school for but a 
short time and find it embarrassing to enter the public schools with scholars 
so much younger than themselves. For these we make special provision 
whenever occasion demands. However, at least sixteen hours of regular 
Academy work is required. 

ELECTION OF STUDIES 

There is considerable room for election of courses that have a special 
value to students intending to specialize. 

The principal advises students what subjects are fundamental to pro- 
fessional and engineering courses. 

FACTS TO BE CONSIDERED 

Although Academy students enjoy a number of the same features as 
college students such as the use of an extended library, laboratories, the 
same social privileges, literary exercises, debates, Christian Associations, 
etc., they are in many respects an entirely separate student body. 

SCHOLARSHIP 

A one-hundred and forty dollar scholarship is awarded each year to the 
Academy graduate who has, according to the vote of the Faculty, attained 
the best class record and deported himself in accordance with the regula- 
tions. 



Conservatory of Music 



64 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 



FACULTY 

E. EDWIN SHELDON, Mus. M. 
Pianoforte, Pipe Organ, Counterpoint, Composition 



IDA MANEVAL-SHELDON, Mus. B. 
Harmony, History of Music 



MABEL AMELIA MILLER 
Voice, Public School Music Methods, Sight Singing 



RUTH ELIZABETH ENGLE, A.B. 
Pianoforte, Theory, Sight Playing 



ELIZABETH JOHNSON-LEVAN 

Violin, Orchestral Class Training 



ALICE LUTZ KREIDER 
Art 



BULLETIN 65 

LOCATION AND EQUIPMENT 

The Engle Conservatory of Music is a handsome, three-story, stone 
structure. It contains a fine auditorium with large pipe-organ, director's 
room, studios, practice rooms, waiting, and writing room for students' 
use, large society rooms, lavatories, etc. The whole building is lighted by 
electricity, and heated by steam, and designed and furnished with a view 
to having it complete in every respect for the study of music in all its 
branches. A complete musical education, from the very first steps to the 
highest artistic excellence, may be secured. The director will use every 
effort to obtain positions for those students who have finished courses, 
and who may wish to teach or perform in public. 

OBJECT 

The department has for its object the foundation and diffusion of a high 
and thorough musical education. The methods used are those followed 
by the leading European conservatories. The courses are broad, system- 
atic, progressive, and as rapid as possible. The conservatory offers the 
means for a complete education in musical art at a moderate cost. 

DESCRIPTION OF COURSES 
I 

Pianoforte 

The course in Pianoforte is divided into five divisions: Sub-Freshman, 
Freshman, Sophomore, Junior, and Senior. 

The course marked out must, however, necessarily be varied accord- 
ing to the ability and temperament of the pupils. Many works must be 
studied by all, but there is much that may be essential for one student and 
not at all necessary for another. Individual instruction only is given. 

A system of technics is used that is in line with the most approved 
methods. Special attention is paid to the development of a true legato 
touch and clear, smooth technique. The use of the pedal, so much neg- 
lected, is emphasized. At the same time expression and interpretation 
are not neglected. Technical and theoretical ability is worthless, except 
as it enables the performer to bring out the beauties and meaning of the 
composer. 

By a recent act of the Executive Board arrangements were made for 
a teacher to give instruction to children and others in the elementary 
grades of the pianoforte course at a cost within the reach of all. This work 
is carried on according to the methods in use in the leading Conservatories. 

For such instruction, the rate of tuition will be thirty cents per lesson. 
This enrollment as a regular student of the Conservatory will entitle the 
student to all privileges of the institution. The advantages to be derived 



66 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

from appearing in recital classes, receiving instruction in stage deport- 
ment, as well as opportunities for hearing and associating with other music 
students, are certain to act as incentives to better, more conscientious 
work. 

Memorizing music is required of all students. It is a great acquisition 
to be able to perform a number of selections from memory. 

Sight Reading — This, although to a certain extent a natural gift, can 
be greatly improved by systematic work. One who can read well has all 
music at his command, while a poor reader has but a few pieces which 
may have been learned. 

Practice — Special effort is made to teach pupils how to practice. Diffi- 
cult places are pointed out and the students are taught how to learn them 
in the quickest and most thorough manner. Quality is of more value than 
quantity in practice. 

Ensemble Playing — It is impossible to overestimate the value of 
thorough training in duet, trio, and quartet playing. Students are given 
drill in these as well as in accompaniment playing. 

II 

The Voice 

Students contemplating work in this department should bear in mind 
two important facts; first, that the natural ability to sing varies with every 
student, and secondly, that while the production of tone from any musical 
instrument is by artificial means, the elements that go to make up 
the human voice are composed of flesh and blood, subject to the most 
delicate nervous impulses. 

Hence the course in the Study of Voice must be varied according to the 
needs of the individual, and the success of the pupil depends largely upon 
the sympathetic insight of the teacher and the sincere co-operation in mind 
as well as body on the part of the student. 

The old Italian method as shown in Marchesi's 'Art of Singing" will 
be used, and exercises from other standard texts will be given to suit the 
needs of the individual student. 

Ill 

The Pipe Organ 

The Pipe Organ — commonly called "The King of Instruments" — has 
made rapid strides in development during the last fifty years, and today 
is no longer regarded as an instrument solely for accompaniments and 
church use, but has taken its place among solo instruments and gained a 
distinct recognition from the music-loving public. A large field, therefore, 
is open to the student of the organ. 



BULLETIN 67 

A new Three-Manual Moller Pipe Organ with detached console, modern 
in every respect, has recently been installed in the college chapel. 

The increased demand for organ instruction the past year has made 
necessary the addition of a Two-Manual Reed Organ with pedals for 
practice purpose. Both organs are connected with kinetic organ blowers 
which insure most satisfactory wind pressure with its steady, even tone 
as a result. 

The course outlined for this department is planned to provide the stu- 
dent with a repertoire for recital purposes and to satisfactorily meet the 
requirements of the organist in church. 

IV 
The Violin 

Among the stringed instruments, the Violin stands as one of the oldest 
and has always been admired for its beautiful and thrilling strains. 

The musical possibilities within the compass of the violin are marvelous 
and unexcelled by any other instrument. The best artists of the olden and 
modern times were skilled on the violin and it appeals to those of the finest 
musical taste to-day. 

Nowhere in English literature do we find a nobler or more glowing 
tribute to the violin than is the little poem penned by our own immortal 
"Autocrat" where he places the violin among the highest order of musical 
instruments. 

V 
Theoretical Music 

Theoretical studies are essential to rapid and comprehensive sight read- 
ing and to excellence in the higher grades of music. Good pedaling de- 
pends on a knowledge of harmony, and memorizing is greatly facilitated 
by it. 

An intelligent insight into the foundation, upon which rests the art of 
music, gives interest to the pupils in their playing and singing and makes 
them musicians, as well as performers. 

VI 
SOLOIST'S AND TEACHER'S COURSES 

Two courses leading to the granting of diplomas are offered. Both 
follow the same general course outlined on page 69. 

The Soloist's Course requires a satisfactory appearance in the annual 
recital by the Junior Class and an individual recital during the Senior year. 

The Teacher's Course is offered to those who wish to specialize for 
the teaching profession. Such pupils will be excused from the Junior and 
Senior recitals, but required to teach in the Normal department one hour 
per week for two years under the direction of a teacher of the Conservatory 



68 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

faculty in charge of such work. A Weekly Methods Class conducted by 
the teacher directing this department will bring to the attention of these 
student-teachers points where their teaching may be improved, and es- 
sential principles underlying the work of the successful teacher. 

Teaching in the Normal will begin in October and end on, or about 
May 1st. 

VII 
PUBLIC SCHOOL MUSIC 

Realizing the demand for trained teachers of Public School Music, 
the Conservatory offers a course for such work which requires two years 
for completion. 

The text used in the Methods class is that of Hollis Dann, Principal 
of Public School Music at Cornell University. However, other texts are 
studied and compared so that the graduates should be able to handle any 
course in Public School Music in use at the present time. 

Aside from this, students have the advantage of doing teaching under 
supervision in the Annville Public Schools, thereby putting into prac- 
tice the theoretical knowledge gained in the Methods class. 

Special attention is paid to the care of the child voice in singing which 
is such an essential feature of Public School Music. Candidates for this 
course must have completed a four-year High School course or its equiva- 
lent. Positions are not guaranteed to graduates. 

VIII 
A FOUR YEAR COURSE IN THE THEORY OF MUSIC 

The Conservatory diploma will be given for the satisfactory comple- 
tion, with no grade below 85 per eent in the following subjects: Harmony 
— 3 semesters; Musical History — 2 semesters; Sight Singing — 4 semesters; 
Theory — 1 semester; Musical Form — 1 semester; Psychology of Music — 
1 semester; Harmonic Analysis — 1 semester; Simple Counterpoint — 1 
semester; Double Counterpoint — 1 semester; Canon and Fugue — 2 
semesters. The candidate for graduation in the above course must have 
completed the Sophomore year in pianoforte to the satisfaction of the 
Conservatory faculty. 

COLLEGE CREDIT 

Credit will be given in the college department for the completion of 
courses in Harmony, Musical History, and Counterpoint. 

THE SECOND "SOLO SUBJECT" 

Candidates for graduation by diploma or certificate in Piano shall have 
taken at least one year in voice, violin, or organ. For graduation in Voice, 
Violin, or Organ the student shall have at least Sophomore standing in 
piano. 



BULLETIN 



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BULLETIN 71 

HOW TO BECOME "A FULL COURSE STUDENT " 
IN THE CONSERVATORY OF MUSIC 

To be a "full course student" in the Conservatory you will be required 
to carry one solo subject (piano, voice, or organ) and two theoretical 
branches, such as Harmony and Musical History. Two lessons, each one- 
half hour in length are given each week in the solo subject. Classes in 
Harmony recite two hours per week. Classes in Musical History meet on 
alternate days for three hour-lessons per week. The course in Harmony 
requires three semesters, while the course in Musical History may be 
completed in one year. 

The "full course student" engages four practice hours daily through- 
out the year. 

One subject, such as German, French, or English, may be taken in the 
College or Academy by a "full course student" without additional charge. 

The "full course student" will find the tuition as follows: 

FIRST SEMESTER — Two lessons per week, as stated above 

Piano or voice $34 00 

Harmony 18 00 

Musical History 18 00 

Piano Practice, 4 hours daily 10 00 

Matriculation Fee 8 00 

Sight Singing and Dictation 15 00 

$103 00 

Voice or Piano added, 2 lessons per week $34 00 additional 

Organ, one lesson per week 17 00 additional 

Organ practice, one hour daily $10 or $20 additional 

SECOND SEMESTER — Rates and courses the same as first semester. 

CERTIFICATE 

Candidates for graduation by Certificate in pianoforte, pipe organ, or 
violin, must have satisfactorily completed the full course in harmony, 
musical history and sight playing. 

Candidates for graduation by certificate in voice must have satisfactorily 
completed the full course in harmony, musical history, sight singing 
and dictation. 

Graduation Fee for Certificate, $5.00. 

DIPLOMA 

Candidates for graduation with Diploma must have satisfactorily com- 
pleted the requirements as outlined on page 69. 
Graduation Fee for Diploma, $10.00. 



72 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

DEGREE 

Requirements for Mus. B. Degree: 

Candidate must hold a diploma covering the course as outlined on 
page 69. 

In addition to the above, one year's work in Canon and Fugue, 2 lessons 
per week, and one year's work in Original Composition, 2 lessons per week, 
will be required. 

Fee for Degree, $10.00. 

RECITALS AND MUSICAL ORGANIZATIONS 

Students' Evening Recitals. Each term recitals are given in which 
students, who have been prepared under the supervision of the instruc- 
tors, take part. These recitals furnish incentives to study and experience 
in public performance. 

Students' Recital Class. Students who are not sufficiently advanced to 
appear in the Evening Recitals are given experience in public performance 
in the Students' Recital Class. These classes are not open to the public. 
Rules governing Concert Deportment are brought to the attention of the 
students and each performer shown what is expected of him or her when 
before an audience. The result is a smoother and more satisfactory ap- 
pearance in the Evening Recitals when assigned to such work. 

THE EURYDICE CHORAL CLUB 

This club for young women was organized four years ago, having for 
its object the study of standard choruses and choral works, producing 
the same at a Spring concert. 

Among the artists who have recently appeared with the Eurydice 
Choral Club are Miss Elsie Baker of the Victor Concert Company, Miss 
Vera Curtis of the Metropolitan Opera Company, and Mrs. Bertyne Ne 
Collins, soprano, of New York. 

Last season the club enlarged the scope of its musical activities and aside 
from giving the usual concert, presented Miss Sue Harvard, soprano, of 
New York City, in song recital. Club members are admitted without 
charge to these recitals, and it is proposed to bring artists before the stu- 
dents from time to time for the furtherance of musical appreciation. 

THE MEN'S GLEE CLUB 

The opportunity for a "try out" for membership in this organization 
is given every young man of the institution who possesses a singing voice. 
Rehearsals are conducted throughout the Fall months preparatory to 
filling a series of scheduled dates booked by a student manager. Member- 
ship in this Club furnishes a musical training as well as social experience 
that is invaluable to the college man. 



BULLETIN 73 

TUITION 
SENIOR YEAR 
PIANO, VOICE, VIOLIN OR ORGAN 

First Semester 2 lessons per week $51 00 

First Semester 1 lesson per week 25 50 

Second Semester .2 lessons per week 51 00 

Second Semester 1 lesson per week 25 50 

JUNIOR AND SOPHOMORE YEARS 
Piano, Voice, Violin, or Organ and Freshman Organ 

First Semester 2 lessons per week $34 00 

First Semester 1 lesson per week 17 00 

Second Semester 2 lessons per week 34 00 

Second Semester 1 lesson per week 17 00- 

SUB-FRESHMAN AND FRESHMAN YEARS IN PIANO 

First Semester 2 lessons per week .$17 00 

First Semester 1 lesson per week 8 50 

Second Semester 2 lessons per week 17 00 

Second Semester 1 lesson per week 8 50 

KEYBOARD, HARMONY, RUDIMENTS, THEORY, HARMONIC 

ANALYSIS, MUSICAL FORM, PSYCHOLOGY OF 

MUSIC, PUBLIC SCHOOL METHODS, OR 

SIGHT SINGING 

First Semester 2 lessons (class) per week $15 00 

Second Semester 2 lessons (class) per week 15 00 

HARMONY, MUSICAL HISTORY AND CURRENT EVENTS, 

COUNTERPOINT, CANON, FUGUE, OR COMPO- 

POSITION 

First Semester 2 lessons (class) per week $18 00 

Second Semester 2 lessons (class) per week 18 00 

SIGHT PLAYING 
Junior and Senior Years 

First Semester 2 lessons (class) per week $10 00 

Second Semester 2 lessons (class) per week 10 00 

A charge of seventy-five cents each semester will be made for use of the 
Sight Playing Library. 



74 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

PIANO NORMAL METHODS CLASS 

First Semester 1 lesson (class) per week $ 5 00 

Second Semester 1 lesson (class) per week 5 00 

(October to April) 

RATES FOR PRACTICE PERIODS 

Piano, 1 hour daily, per semester $ 4 00 

Each additional hour, per semester 2 00 

Pipe Organ (College Chapel) 1 hour daily, per semester 20 00 

Pipe Organ (College Chapel) 2 hours per week, per semester 10 00 

Two Manual Practice Organ, 1 hour daily, per semester 10 00 

RULES AND REGULATIONS 

No reduction is made for absence during first two weeks of the term, 
nor for a subsequent individual absence. In case of long continued illness 
the loss is shared, equally by the College and the student. 

Pupils may enter at any time, but for convenience of grading the be- 
ginning of each semester is the most desirable time. 

In the case of holidays declared by the faculty, no lessons will be 
given or money refunded. 

All sheet music must be paid for when taken. 

Students are expected to consult the Director before arranging to 
take part in any public musical exercise outside of the regular work. 

No pupil is allowed to omit lessons without a sufficient cause. 

Reports showing attendance, practice, and improvement in grade will 
be issued at the close of each semester. 

For all further information as to any particular course, or combination 
of courses, rooms, boarding, etc., address. 

DIRECTOR OF THE CONSERVATORY, 

Lebanon Valley College. 



BULLETIN 75 

ART DEPARTMENT 

COURSE OF STUDY FOR CERTIFICATE 

First Year — Sketching in pencil geometric solids and various objects. 

Memory and quick action drawing. 

Principles of Perspective. 

Pencil rendering. 

Brush drawing in ink. 

Elementary Design. 

Wash drawing including original composition of landscapes, marine 
scenes, etc. Also sketching flowers, vegetable forms, and leaves with rela- 
tion to values, tones, etc. 

Second Year — Charcoal drawing from casts. 

Painting in water colors from groups of still life interiors, decorative 
subjects, flowers, draperies, and out-of-door sketching. 
Theory and Harmony of Color Lettering. 

Third Year — Costume Sketch class — pose drawing. 

Painting in oils from still life and nature. 

Water color. 

Historic Ornament. 

Study of the Masterpieces of Painting and Sculpture. 

Teacher's Class — Principles and methods of drawing, lettering, brush 
work, water color, design, and perspective. 

Saturday work is offered for teachers and children who cannot take work 
during the week. 

China Painting — Instructions are given in the latest methods of apply- 
ing designs, which are original. The china is fired in the institution, giving 
students an opportunity of learning how to fire their own China. 

THE CRAFTS 
Jewelry — Design and construction of the same. Leather Tooling. 
Students desiring to graduate must complete two years of College 
English and History. 



76 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

REGISTER OF STUDENTS 

♦Taking work in other departments. 

Graduate Students 

Gemmill, C. W., A. B Lemoyne, Pa. 

Longenecker, C. R., A. B Palmyra, Pa. 

Martin, W. N., A. B Annvilie, Pa. 

Seniors 

Allen, Edward P Pomfret, Conn. 

Bachman, Earl S Middletown, Pa. 

Bechtold, Warren Reading, Pa. 

Berger, John L Columbia, Pa. 

Behney, Bessie B Fredericksburg, Pa. 

Beidel, F. D Steelton, Pa. 

Crim, Harry M Gerrardstown, W. Va. 

Deibler, Walter Annvilie, Pa. 

Durborow, Harry A Highspire, Pa. 

Evans, Ruth M Lebanon, Pa. 

Fink, Esther Mae Annvilie, Pa. 

Fink, Homer F Annvilie, Pa. 

Fishburn, Harvey W Ephrata, Pa. 

Frost, Charles C Lebanon, Pa. 

Hagy, Solomon L Schoeneck, Pa. 

Hartman, Charles C Rouzerville, Pa. 

Hohl, Mae S Pitman, Pa. 

Hoffman, Ruth V. Lebanon, Pa. 

Kiebler, Reno E Annvilie, Pa. 

Kleinfelter, Claude B Cleona, Pa. 

Lefever, Myrtle M > York, Pa. 

Light, Sara M Lebanon, Pa. 

Maulfair, Helena Lebanon, Pa. 

McCauley, Ruby M Annvilie, Pa. 

McGinnes, John A Littlestown, Pa. 

Mease, Ralph T Palmyra, Pa. 

Morrow, Robert B Duncannon, Pa. 

Mutch, Verna B Ephrata, Pa. 

Ruppenthal, H. P Berkeley Springs, Pa . 

Saylor, Myrl V Annvilie, Pa. 

Sebastian, Jennie S Reading, Pa. 

Smith, E. Virginia Reading, Pa. 

Snoke, Hubert R Shippensburg, Pa. 



BULLETIN 77 

Snyder, E. Myrtle Robesonia, Pa. 

Stine, C. H Fort Hunter, Pa. 

Strine, Huber D Manchester, Pa. 

Stumbaugh, Eldridge M , Greencastle, Pa. 

Wine, C. H Wilmington, Del. 

Yarrison, Guy R Carroll, Pa. 

Zeitlin, Dora Lehighton, Pa. 

Juniors 

Angus, Ethel Conemaugh, Pa. 

Blauch, Harry W Annville, Pa. 

Bomberger, Ida M Lebanon, Pa. 

Bortner, Mary E York, Pa. 

Cretzinger, John I Duncannon, Pa. 

Darling, Olive E Chandler's Valley, Pa. 

Daugherty, Carroll R Lebanon, Pa. 

Daugherty, J. Dwight Steelton, Pa. 

Duncan, Raymond L Highspire, Pa. 

Emenheiser, Benjamin F Thurnont, Pa. 

Farrell, Orin J Philipsburg, Pa. 

Fencil, Gladys M Annville, Pa. 

Garver, Sara E Lebanon, Pa. 

Haas, Ammon F Myerstown, Pa. 

Happel, Christine G Lebanon, Pa. 

Hastings, Edgar Highspire, Pa. 

Heiss, Elwood D Shermansdale, Pa. 

Hess, Harold G Middletuwn, Pa. 

Horine, Dawson Hagerstown, Md. 

Miller, Esther E Lebanon, Pa. 

Miller, Mabel V Reading, Pa. 

Moore, Guy W Lebanon, Pa. 

Ness, Paul E Yoe, Pa. 

Nitrauer, Grant W Highspire, Pa. 

Seltzer, James H Middletown, Pa. 

Shettel, Mary E York, Pa. 

Spessard, Orville F East Waterford, Pa. 

Stager, Edith V Lebanon, Pa. 

Uhler, Russell W Lebanon, Pa. 

Wier, Margaret M Columbia, Pa. 

Wolfersberger, Jacob J Annville, Pa. 

Sophomores 

Angell, Lena Taneytown, Pa. 

Arnold, J. Hartzel Mauch Chunk, Pa. 



7S LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

Bender, Harold B Annville, Pa. 

Bowman, J. Russell Lebanon, Pa. 

Burbeck, Meta C Reading, Pa. 

Cassel, Miriam C Hummelstown, Pa. 

Fake, Warren H Pinegrove, Pa. 

Gingrich, Gertrude K Lebanon, Pa. 

Gingrich, Earl S Lebanon, Pa. 

Gingrich, James L Lebanon, Pa. 

Glenn, Maryland L Red Lion, Pa. 

Hartz, Ethel I Hummelstown, Pa. 

Heckman, Oliver S Lemaster, Pa. 

Heffelman, Marion V New Cumberl'd, Pa. 

Herr, S. Meyer Annville, Pa. 

Hershey, Josephine L Myerstown, Pa. 

Hess, Verna L Middletown, Pa. 

Hiester, Ruth V Annville, Pa. 

Hiser, Carl W Petersburg, W. Va. 

Hibbs, Erne M Morrisville, Pa. 

Homan, Ralph H Lebanon, Pa. 

Kettering, Joseph W Lebanon, Pa. 

Kreider, Rodney P Annville, Pa. 

Lehman, Ethel M Hummelstown, Pa. 

Lerew, Erdean M Dillsburg, Pa. 

Miller, E. E Windsor, N. C. 

Miller, Adam D Palmyra, Pa. 

Renn, Roland D Harrisburg, Pa. 

Shadel, Russel O Williamstown, Pa. 

Sherk, Cyrus B Annville, Pa. 

Snider, John W Chambersburg, Pa. 

Stabley, Rhodes R Dallastown, Pa. 

Stern, Anna E Elizabethtown, Pa. 

Stine, Josephine F , Mont Alto, Pa. 

Swank, Reuel Linville, Va. 

Freshman 

Basehore, Paul W Lebanon, Pa. 

Beattie, William H Greencastle, Pa. 

Beck, Ferdinand L Harrisburg, Pa. 

Bendel, Norman H Shamokin, Pa. 

Bortz, Alta B Lebanon, Pa. 

Boyer, Ralph E York, Pa. 

Brunner, Esther S New Bloomfield, Pa. 

Clemens, Ralph W Lebanon, Pa. 



BULLETIN 79 

D'Addario, Mario J Eriton, Pa. 

Dunkle, Edwin R . Beech Creek, Pa. 

Fake, Earl S Reading, Pa. 

Faust, Guy D Collingdale, Pa. 

Fencil, Dorothy A Annville, Pa. 

Giles, Arthur H Orient, 111. 

Gilpin, Virginia J Philadelphia, Pa. 

Gingrich, Martha E Palmyra, Pa. 

Harrison, Clifford Lebanon, Pa. 

Harvey, Albert G Hazelton, Pa. 

Helms, Alfred M Lebanon, Pa. 

Herr, Delia M Annville, Pa. 

Hiester, Mary F Annville, Pa. 

Hoerner, Charles D Hummelstown, Pa. 

Hohl, George O Pitman, Pa. 

Hughes, Helen M York, Pa. 

Hummelbaugh, Katherine M Frederick, Md. 

Hutchinson, John R Paradise, Pa. 

Kratzert, Katherine E Littlestown, Pa. 

Kreider, Elizabeth M Annville, Pa. 

Kreider, Warren B Lebanon, Pa. 

Light, Herman K Lebanon, Pa. 

Long, Anna E Lebanon, Pa. 

Long, Kathryn M Lebanon, Pa. 

Lutz, Robert W Chambersburg, Pa. 

Lutz, Harold T Chambersburg, Pa. 

Matchton, David M Hartford, Conn. 

McDonald, J. R Swatara Sta., Pa. 

MacDowell, Mamie R Dallastown, Pa. 

Merchitis, Agnes F Minersville, Pa. 

Miller, Raymond E Palmyra, Pa. 

Michael, Gladys L Dodgeville, Ohio 

Morrow, Hazel M Duncannon, Pa. 

Mutch, Heber R Ephrata, Pa. 

Oberholtzer, Raymond L Lebanon, Pa. 

Racine, Elroy D Bristol, Conn. 

Reeves, C. Mae Highspire, Pa. 

Risser, Norman E Brunnersville, Pa. 

Rowland, Mildred L Chambersburg, Pa. 

Ruth, Ira Sinking Springs, Pa. 

Scully, Jasper Rome, N. Y. 

Schumacher, John E Hazleton, Pa. 

Shader, Ralph F Harrisburg, Pa. 



80 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

Sharosky, Hale Steelton, Pa. 

Sheaffer, Eleanor F Steelton, Pa. 

Shenk, S. Lucile Annville, Pa. 

Smith, Elizabeth M Robesonia, Pa. 

Smith, Richard H Tremont, Pa. 

Stein, Kathryn F Annville, Pa. 

Stauffer, Donald B Steelton, Pa. 

VandenBosche, E. Gaston California, Pa. 

Wenner, William F Wilkes Barre, Pa. 

Williard, Lester R Shamokin, Pa. 

Witmer, Robert L Lemoyne, Pa. 

Specials 

Allwein, Florence Hummelstown, Pa. 

Engle, Dorothy Harrisburg, Pa. 

Klopp, Lewis Richland, Pa. 

Kohler, W. F ■*„ Annville, Pa. 

Rhoad, Edwin M Annville, Pa. 

CONSERVATORY OF MUSIC 
Seniors 

Herring, William I (Piano) Annville, Pa. 

*Saylor, Myrle V (Voice) Annville, Pa. 

Walborn, Carrie M (Piano) Lebanon, Pa. 

Juniors 

Englehardt, Catharine (Piano) Lebanon, Pa. 

Moeckel, Sara (Piano) Lebanon, Pa. 

Swartzbaugh, Beulah (Organ, Pub. Sch. Mus.). .Hanover, Pa. 

Witmeyer, Emma M (Piano, Pub. Sch. Mus.) . .Annville, Pa. 

Sophomores 

Havard, Eleanor (Piano) Lebanon, Pa. 

*Hoffman, Ruth V (Organ) .-Lebanon, Pa. 

Keeney, Martha M (Piano) Hershey, Pa. 

Kettering, Abigail S (Piano) Annville, Pa. 

Kreider, Kathryn P (Piano) Palmyra, Pa. 

Kreider, Grace M (Piano) Annville, Pa. 

Raab, Minerva V (Piano, Organ) Dallastown, Pa. 

Seitz, Pearl R (Voice) Red Lion, Pa. 



BULLETIN 



81 



Freshmen and Sub-Freshmen 

Barto, Marian (Piano, Voice) Pine Grove, Pa. 



Beatty, Bayard 

Bender, Ralph E. L. 
Evans, Luther W. . . 
Farnsler, Elizabeth. 
Field, Donald E. . . . 



(Violin) Annville, Pa. 

(Piano) Annville, Pa. 

(Piano) Annville, Pa. 

(Piano) Annville, Pa. 

........ (Organ) Lebanon, Pa. 

Gephart, Josephine W (Piano) Lebanon, Pa. 

Gingrich, Minerva (Piano) Cleona, Pa. 

Hall, Eleanor T (Piano) Lebanon, Pa. 

Hartz, J. Ernest (Piano) Annville, Pa. 

Kettering, Esther L (Piano) Annville, Pa. 

Kettering, Elizabeth V (Piano) Annville, Pa. 

Kreider, Landis (Piano) Palmyra, Pa. 

Pell, Verna P (Piano) Lykens, Pa. 

Rice, Pearl M (Piano) Annville, Pa. 

Saylor, Gardner E (Violin) Annville, Pa. 

Sholly, Dorothy M (Voice) Annville, Pa. 

Shenk, Esther (Piano) Annville, Pa. 

Smoll, Mary R (Piano) Annville, Pa. 

Stager, Blanche (Piano) Lebanon, Pa. 



Specials 

*Barefoot, A. Lillian. (Voice) Alum Bank, Pa 

Barto, John (Violin) Palmyra, Pa 

Boeshore, Edith (Piano) Palmyra, Pa 

*Boyer, Ralph E (Voice) York, Pa 

Cowan, Mrs. Grace (Voice) Hershey, Pa 

*Daugherty, J. Dwight (Voice) Steelton, Pa 

Daugherty, Roland T (Violin) Annville, Pa 

*Darling, Olive (Voice) Chandlers Valley, Pa 

Deibler, Mrs. W. E (Voice) Millersburg, Pa 

Eichelberger, Martha (Piano) Lebanon, Pa 

*Emenheiser, Benjamin (Voice) Thermont, Md 

*Farrell, Orin J (Voice) Phillipsburg, Pa 

*Fencil, Gladys (Violin) Annville, Pa 

Fencil, Louise G (Piano) Annville, Pa 

*Fink, Esther M (Voice) Annville, Pa 

*Gilpin, Virginia (Violin) Philadelphia, Pa 

*Gilpin, Elizabeth (Violin) Philadelphia, Pa 

Gossard, Mary E (Piano) Annville, Pa 

Goff, Mrs. Ruth (Voice) Lebanon, Pa 

Haines, Mary R (Piano) Red Lion, Pa 



82 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

*Harnish, Lloyd (Violin) Lancaster, Pa. 

*Haas, Amnion (Violin) Annville, Pa. 

*Heiss, Elwood (Violin) Shermandale, Pa. 

*Herr, S. Meyer (Voice) Annville, Pa. 

*Hummelbaugh, Katharine (Piano) Frederick, Md. 

Kennedy, H. Mae (Voice) Palmyra, Pa. 

Kettering, Harvey E (Voice) Palmyra, Pa. 

Lehman, Benjamin K (Voice) Palmyra, Pa. 

*Martin, Ralph (Piano) Rouzerville, Pa. 

*Michael, Gladys (Piano) Dodgeville, O. 

*Ruth, Ira (Piano) Sinking Springs, Pa. 

Shenk, Rachael (Piano) Annville, Pa. 

*Stabley, R. Rhoads (Voice) Dallastown, Pa. 

Shope, Lillian (Piano) Swatara Sta., Pa. 

Woomer, Elizabeth (Piano) Lebanon, Pa. 

Total registered for private lessons 70 

Receiving class instruction, but not private lessons 40 

Total 110 

ACADEMY STUDENTS 

Barefoot, Alma Alum Bank, Pa. 

Bartholemew, Edward East Mauch Chunk, Pa. 

Bedsworth, Lula Baltimore, Md. 

Behman, Russel Steelton, Pa. 

Bowman, John B Middletown, Pa. 

Bressler, Elias D Lebanon, Pa. 

Brendle, R. C Ephrata, Pa. 

Camillo, Omar Yucatan, Mexico 

Canoles, Wm. S Texas, Md. 

Fortna, Raymond Lebanon, Pa. 

Gilpin, Elizabeth D Philadelphia, Pa. 

Harnish, Lloyd S Lancaster, Pa. 

Hummer, Chas. L Linglestown, Pa. 

Lengle, Blanch Lancaster, Pa. 

Lewis, Millard M Shamokin, Pa. 

Martin, Ralph E Rouzerville, Pa. 

Ruiz, Carrillo _ Yucatan, Mex. 

Spangler, Roy W Annville, Pa. 

Swanger, M. L Mechanicsburg, Pa. 

Trout, Ida E Lancaster, Pa. 

Wrightstone, Eugene Mechanicsburg, Pa. 

Williams, J. Byron Lykens, Pa. 



BULLETIN 83 

Wolf, Walter Francis Hartford, Conn. 

Zeigler, Roy R Mechanicsburg, Pa. 

Students regularly matriculated in the Academy 24 

Students from other departments receiving instruction in the Academy 25 

Total enrollment in the Academy 49 

STUDENTS IN ORATORY 
Seniors 

*Lefever, Myrtle M ., York, Pa. 

*Maulfair, R. Helena Lebanon, Pa. 

Juniors 

Bonitz, Josephine M Steelton, Pa. 

*Hummelbaugh, Katherine Frederick, Md. 

*Miller, Mabel V Reading, Pa. 

*Stager, Edith V Lebanon, Pa. 

Specials 

*Behney, Bessie B Fredericksburg, Pa. . 

*Cretzinger, John I , Duncannon, Pa. 

*Darling, Olive E Chandlers Valley, Pa. 

*Fink, Esther M Annville, Pa. 

*Glenn, Maryland L Red Lion, Pa. 

*Hastings, Edgar C Highspire, Pa. 

*Heffelman, Ruth New Cumberland, Pa. 

*Herr, S. Meyer Annville, Pa. 

*Hershey, Josephine L Myerstown, Pa. 

Kenser, Mary Lebanon, Pa. 

Kreider, Mary Annville, Pa. 

*Lehman, Ethel M Hummelstown, Pa. 

*Michael, Gladys Dodgeville, O. 

*Saylor, Myrl V Annville, Pa. 

*Shadel, Russel O : Williamstown, Pa. 

*Smith, E. Virginia Reading, Pa. 

*Stein, Kathryn Annville, Pa. 

*Stern, Anna E Elizabethtown, Pa. 

*Strine, Huber D Manchester, Pa. 

*Zeitlin, Dora Lehighton, Pa. 

Regular students in Oratory 3 

Students matriculated in other departments 24 

Total receiving instruction in Oratory 27 



84 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

Students in Art 

*Barto, Marian Pine Grove, Pa. 

*Bonitz, Josephine Steelton, Pa. 

*Glenn, Maryland L Red Lion, Pa. 

*MacDowell, Mamie Dallastown, Pa. 

Oyer, Miriam Annville, Pa. 

*Raub, Minerva V Dallastown, Pa. 

*Rowland, Mildred Chambersburg, Pa. 

*Snyder, E. Myrtle Robesonia, Pa. 

DEGREES CONFERRED JUNE 18, 1919 

Doctor of Laws 

Hon. A. S. Kreider Annville, Pa. 

Doctor of Divinity 

J. Balmer Showers Dayton, 0. 

A. E. Shroyer Annville, Pa. 

Bachelor of Arts 

Bachman, Susan C Lebanon, Pa. 

Batdorf , Lottie M Lebanon, Pa. 

Bossard, Ada C Annville, Pa. 

Bouder, Norman C Lebanon, Pa. 

Boughter, Isaac F Pine Grove, Pa. 

Boyer, Emma I Reading, Pa. 

Bunderman, Walter Q Lebanon, Pa. 

Baker, E. Benj Strasburg, Va. 

Castetter, Edward F Shamokin, Pa. 

Darcas, Luella M Lebanon, Pa. 

Dundore, Samuel T Mt. Aetna, Pa. 

Early, Martha E Palmyra, Pa. 

Evans, Wm. T Lykens, Pa. 

Fasnacht, Anna B Palmyra, Pa. 

Fencil, Elizabeth K Annville, Pa. 

Geyer, Harvey K Florin, Pa. 

Gingrich, Kathryn S Lickdale, Pa. 

Haines, Ruth L Philadelphia, Pa. 

Heberlig, Raymond S "... Highspire, Pa. 

Hilbert, Paul E Allentown, Pa. 

Hughes, Ruth M York, Pa. 

Jones, Lucia M Lebanon, Pa. 

Kline, Frankie A .Tower City, Pa. 



BULLETIN 85 

Lenhart, Miriam S New Cumberland, Pa. 

Lutz, Mary S Chambersburg, Pa. 

Moore, Mabel E Lancaster, Pa. 

Miller, Carolyn A. . . Waynesboro, Pa. 

Oliver, J. E Martinsburg, W. Va. 

Peck, D. Wilbert Chambersburg, Pa. 

Rhoads, Russell H Lykens, Pa. 

Schmidt, Martha V Lebanon, Pa. 

Secrist, Elena E Churchville, Va. 

Sloat, Ralph L Rockport, Pa. 

Snavely, Francis B Ramey, Pa. 

Snyder, Grace E . .Boiling Springs, Pa. 

Tschudy, Earl H. .Lebanon, Pa. 

Weidler, Edna M Cherry Creek, N. Y. 

Wingerd, Ray D Chambersburg, Pa. 

Yetter, Harry S Stevens, Pa. 

Zeigler, Jesse O ._ Elizabethville, Pa. 

Bachelor of Science 

Imboden, J. Nissley Hershey, Pa. 

Rupp, J. Paul Harrisburg, Pa. 

Snyder, Rufus H Manheim, Pa. 



CONSERVATORY DIPLOMAS PRESENTED JUNE 18, 1919 

Bordner, Esther E., (Piano) Fredericksburg, Pa. 

Witmeyer, Emma M., (Certificate Pipe Organ) Annville, Pa. 

Kennedy, Hattie M., (Certificate Public School Music) Palmyra, Pa. 

Landgraf, Helen E., (Certificate Public School Music) Lebanon, Pa. 



ACADEMY DIPLOMAS PRESENTED JUNE 18, 1919 

Angell, Lena E Taneytown, Md. 

Kohler, Wm. F. Annville, Pa. 

Simondette, C. A Philadelphia, Pa. 

Murphy, John A Rome, N. Y. 

McDonald, J. R Swatara, Pa. 



Diploma in Oratory Presented June 18, 1919 

Kreider, Violet Mark Annville, Pa. 



y - 



86 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

SUMMARY 

Graduate Students 3 

Seniors 40 

Juniors 31 

Sophomores 35 

Freshmen 61 

Specials 5 

Total in the College 175 

Academy 49 

Music 110 

Oratory 27 

Art 8 

Total enrollment in all departments 369 

Names repeated in Academy, Music, Oratory and Art.. 117 

Net enrollment 252 



BULLETIN 87 



INDEX 

Page 

Absences 16 

Academy 56 

Admission 56 

Courses 59 

Examinations '. 56 

Expenses 57 

Students in 82 

Advisers 15 

Art Department 75 

Astronomy 38 

Bible 38 

Biology 39 

Board of Trustees 5 

Buildings and Grounds 12 

Calendar 3 

Carnegie Library 12 

Chapel 16 

Chemistry 41 

College Organizations 14 

Corporation 4 

Courses, College 34 

Outline of 34 

Description of 26 

Degrees Conferred 84 

Degree and Diploma 17 

Discipline 15 

Economics 42 

Education 43 

English Language and Literature 43 

Expenses, College 20 

Academy 57 

Department of Music 63 

Faculty, College 6 

Department of Music 64 

French Language and Literature 45 

General Information 12 

Geology 46 

German Language and Literature 46 



88 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

Page 

Graduate Work 17 

Greek Language and Literature 47 

History ! 47 

History of the College 8 

Laboratories 13 

Latin Language and Literature 48 

Limitations 17 

Mathematics 49 

Music Department 63 

Courses 65 

Oratory and Public Speaking 52 

Philosophy 50 

Physics 51 

Physical Culture 52 

Political Science 50 

Religious Work 13 

Register of Students, College 76 

Academy 82 

Department of Music 80 

Department of Oratory 83 

Specials 80 

Registration 16 

Requirements for Admission, College 24 

Academy 56 

Schedule of Lecture and Recitation Hours 34 

Scholarships 17 

Sociology 52 

Spanish , 52 



BLANK FORMS FOR WILL BEQUESTS 

I give and bequeath to the "Trustees of Lebanon Valley College, in 
the County of Lebanon, in the township of Annville," incorporated under 

the laws of the State of Pennsylvania, the sum of 

dollars; and the receipt of the Treasurer there- 
of shall be sufficient discharge to my executors for the same. 

In devises of real estate observe the following: 

I give and devise to "The Trustees of Lebanon Valley College, in 
the County of Lebanon, in the township of Annville," incorporated under 
the laws of the State of Pennsylvania, the following land and premises, 

that is to say to have 

and to hold the same, with the appurtenances, to the said Board, its suc- 
cessors and assigns, forever. 

Persons making bequests and devises to the Board of Trustees, or 
knowing that they have been made, are requested to notify the Presi- 
dent of the College, George Daniel Gossard, Annville, Pa., and, if prac- 
ticable, to enclose a copy of the clause in the will that the wishes of the 
testators may be fully known and recorded. 

Persons making bequests who may desire to have the bequests de- 
voted to some particular purpose, such as general endowment, or the en- 
dowment of a chair, or for a building, or for the endowment of a scholar- 
ship, are requested to make specific mention of the same in the will pro-