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Full text of "Lebanon Valley College Catalog"

Lebanon Valley College 

BULLETIN 

Vol. 9 (New Series) April 1921 No. 1 



Fifty-Fourth Annual Catalog 
Number 



PUBLISHED BY 

LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 
ANNVILLE, PA. 



Lebanon Valley College 

BULLETIN 

Vol. 9 (New Series) April 1921 No. 1 



Fifty-Fourth Annual Catalog 
Number 



PUBLISHED BY 

LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

ANNVILLE, PA. 







192 1 CALENDAR 1921 


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COLLEGE CALENDAR 





1920— 


September 20- 


21 Monday — Tuesday 


September 22 


Wednesday 9 


November 19 


Friday 8 p. m 


November 24 


Wednesday 4 p. m. 


November 25 


Thursday 


November 28 


Monday 9 a. m. 


December 18 


Saturday 1 p. m. 


January 3 


Monday 1 p. m. 


Jan. 31 — Feb. 


4 Monday — Friday 


February 7 


Monday 


March 23 


Wednesday 4 p. m. 


March 29 


Tuesday 4 p. 


April 8 


Friday 8 p. m 


May 6 


Friday 8 p. m. 


May 7 


Saturday 2 p. m. 


June 12 


Sunday 10 a. m. 


June 12 


Sunday 8 p. m. 


June 13 


Monday 11 a. m. 


June 13 


Monday 8 p. m. 


June 14 


Tuesday 


June 15 


Wednesday 2 p. m. 




8 p. m. 


June 16 


Thursday 10 a. m. 




1921 — 


September 19-20 Monday — Tuesday 


September 21 


Wednesday 9 a. m. 


September 24 


Saturday 8 p. m. 


October 29 


Saturday 8 p. m. 


November 18 


Friday 8 p. m. 


November 23 


Wednesday 4 p. m. 


November 28 


Monday 9 a. m. 


December 17 


Saturday 1 p. m. 


January 2 


Monday 1 p. m. 


Jan. 30 — Feb. 


3 Monday — Friday 


February 6 


Monday 


February 11 


Saturday 8 p. m. 


February 22 


Wednesday 


March 18 


Saturday 8 p. m. 


April 7 


Friday 8 p. m. 


April 12 


Wednesday 4 p. m. 


April 18 


Monday 4 p. m. 


May 5 


Friday 8 p. m. 


May 6 


Saturday 2 p. m. 


June 11 


Sunday 10 a. m. 


June 11 


Sunday 8 p. m. 



June 12 



June 13 
June 14 



Monday 11 a. m. 
8 p. m. 



Tuesday 2 p. m. 
Wednesday 10 a. m 
8 p. m 



-1921 

Examination and registration of 

students. 
College year began. 
Fiftieth Anniversary Clionian. 
Literary Society. 
, Thanksgiving recess began., 
Thanksgiving day. 
Thanksgiving recess ended- 
Christmas began. 
Christmas recess ended. 
Mid-year examinations. 
Second semester began. 
, Easter recess began. 
Easter recess ended. 
Forty-fourth Anniversary 

Kalozetean Literary Society. 
Fifty-fourth Anniversary 
Philokosmian Literary Society. 
Annual May Day Exercises. 
Annual Baccalaureate Exercises. 
Annual Address before the 

Christian Associations. 
Annual meeting of the Board 

of Trustees. 
Graduating Exercises by the 

Classes in Music and Oratory. 
Alumni Day. 
, Annual Class Day Exercises. 
, Annual Senior Class Play. 
Fifty-fourth Annual 
Commencement. 
1922 
Examination and registration of 

students. 
College year begins. 
Annual students' reception. 
Philokosmian Haloween Party. 
Fifty-first Anniversary Clionian 

Literary Society. 
Thanksgiving recess begins. 
Thanksgiving recess ends. 
Christmas recess begins. 
Christmas recess ends. 
Mid-year examinations. 
Second semester begins. 
Kalozetean masquerade. 
Washington's Birthday. 
Clionian St. Patrick's Party. 
Forty-fifth Anniversary 

Kalozetean Literary Society. 
Easter recess begins. 
Easter recess ends. 
Fifty-fifth Anniversary 

Philokosmian Literary Society. 
Annual May Day Exercises. 
Annual Baccalaureate Exercises. 
Annual Address before the 
Christian Associations. 
Annual meeting of the Board 
of Trustees. 
Graduating Exercises by the 

Class of the Conservatory of 
Music. 
Annual Class Day Exercises. 
Fifty-fifth Annual Commencement. 
Annual Senior Class Play. 



THE CORPORATION 



BOARD OF TRUSTEES 
Representatives from the Pennsylvania Conference 

Rev. J. E. Kleffman, A.B., D.D Baltimore, Md 1921 

Rev. S. G. Ziegler, A.B., B.D Hagerstown, Md 1921 

Rev. M. R. Fleming, B.D., Ph.D. . . .Red Lion, Pa 1921 

Rev. F. B. Plummer, A.B Carlisle, Pa 1921 

Rev. F. L. Stine, A.B Mt. Alto, Pa., 1921 

Rev. A. B. Statton, A.M., D.D Hagerstown, Md 1922 

Rev. P. R. Koonts, A.B Mechanicsburg, Pa. . .1922 

Rev. L. Walter Lutz, A.B., D.D. . . . Chambersburg, Pa. . . .1922 

W. O. Appenzellar Chambersburg, Pa. . . . 1922 

E. N. Funkhouser, A.B Hagerstown, Md 1923 

Hon. W. N. McFaul, LL.B Baltimore, Md 1923 

Rev. W. N. Beattie Greencastle, Pa 1923 

Rev. A. N. Horn, D.D Baltimore, Md 1923 

Henry Wolf, A.B Mt. Wolf, Pa 1923 

Representatives from the East Pennsylvania Conference 

Rev. S. F. Daugherty, A.M., B.D., D.D. Columbus, 1921 

J. R. Engle, A.B., LL.B Palmyra, Pa 1921 

I. B. Haak Myerstown, Pa 1921 

Hon. A. S. Kreider, LL.D Annville, Pa 1921 

Rev. J. A. Lyter, A.M., D.D Harrisburg, Pa 1921 

Rev. E. O. Burtner, A.M., D.D Palmyra, Pa 1922 

Rev. S. C. Enck, D.D Philadelphia, Pa 1922 

Rev. G. D. Batdorf, Ph.D Dayton, 1922 

Rev. I. M. Hershey, A.M., D.D Myerstown, Pa 1923 

Rev. H. E. Miller, A.M., D.D Lebanon, Pa 1923 

Rev. S. E. Rupp, D.D Harrisburg, Pa 1923 

Representatives from Virginia Conference 

Elmer Hodges Winchester, Va 1921 

Rev. J. H. Brunk, D.D Berkley Springs, W.Va.1921 

Rev. W. F. Gruver, D.D Martinsburg, W. Va. . . 1922 

Rev. A. S. Hammack, D.D Dayton, Va 1922 

Rev. A. J. Sechrist Churchville, Va 1923 

Rev. J. N. Fries, A.M Berkley Springs, W. Va. 1923 

Trustees at Large 

H. S. Immel, Mountville, Pa. 

Harry Thomas Johnstown, Pa. 

A. J. Cochran Dawson, Pa. 

Jack L. Straub Lancaster, Pa. 

C. M. Coover Annville, Pa. 

J. E. Gipple Harrisburg, Pa. 

Alumni Trustees 

Prof. H. H. Baish, A.M., '01 Harrisburg, Pa 1921 

Prof. H. H. Shenk, A.M., '99 Annville, Pa 1922 

Rev. I. E. Runk Annville, Pa 1923 



OFFICERS AND COMMITTEES OF THE BOARD 

Officers 

President Hon. A. S. Kreider 

Vice-President E. N. Funkhouser 

Secretary and Treasurer. .< Prof. S. H. Derickson 

Executive Committee 
A. S. Kreider E. O. Burtner J. H. Brunk 

A. B. Statton F. B. Plummer 

Finance Committee 

A. S. Kreider E. N. Funkhouser Henry Wolf 

G. D. Gossard C. M. Coover J. R. Engle 

S. H. Derickson J. E. Gipple W. F. Gruver 

Library and Apparatus Committee 
T. B. Beatty S G. Ziegler 

A. J. Secrist G. D. Batdorf 

Faculty Committee 
A. B. Statton A. S. Hammack 

S. C. Enck H. H. Baish 

Auditing Committee 
J. A. Lyter P. R. Koontz Elmer Hodges 

Grounds and Buildings Committee 
F. L. Stine J. N. Fries I. B. Haak 

W. O. Appenzellar G. F. Breinig 

Farm Committee 
A. N. Horn E. O. Burtner J. H. Brunk 

Publicity Committee 
H. H. Shenk G. D. Batdorf L. Walter Lutz 

Elmer Hodges W. N. McFau 

Nominating Committee 
P. R. Koontz J- N. Fries 

E. O. Burtner H. H. Hoy 



THE FACULTY 

GEORGE DANIEL GOSSARD, B.D, D.D. 

President and Professor of Education 

JOHN EVANS LEHMAN, A.M., Sc.D. 
Professor of Mathematics and Astronomy 

JAMES T. SPANGLER, A.M., D.D. 
Professor of Greek, Bible, and Religious Education 

HIRAM H. SHENK, A.M. 

Professor of History 

SAMUEL HOFFMAN DERICKSON, M.S. 
Professor of Biological Sciences 

SAMUEL O. GRIMM, B.Pd., A.M. 

Professor of Education and Physics 
Registrar 

CHRISTIAN R. GINGRICH. A.B., LL.B. 
Secretary of the Faculty and Professor of Political 
Science 

PAUL S. WAGNER, A.B. 

Mathematics and Principal of the Academy 

MALCOLM M. HARING, A.M. 
Professor of Chemistry 

T. BAYARD BEATTY, A.M. 
Professor of English 

ROBERT R. BUTTERWICK, D.D. 
Professor of Philosophy 

ROSS G. EROUNICK, A.B. 

Josephine Bittinger Eberly Professor of Latin Language and 

Literature 



THE FACULTY 

G. HOBART LIGHT, D.D.S. 

Physical Director and Coach 

MAY BELLE ADAMS, B.L.I. 

Professor of Oratory and Public Speaking 

EMMA R. SCHMAUK, A.B. 

Professor of French 

MRS. MARY C. GREEN 
Instructor in French and Dean of Women 

IRVIN E. RUNK, B.D., D.D. 

College Pastor 

ASSISTANTS 

ETHEL J. ANGUS 

Assistant in Botany 

EFFIE M. HIBBS 
Assistant in Biology 

ORRIN J. FARRELL 

Assistant in Physics 

EARL S. GINGRICH 

Assistant in Chemistry 

OLIVE S. DARLING 

Assistant in English 



ALBERT BARNHART 

Agent of the Finance Committee 

ANNA GARMAN FORRY 
Office Stenographer 



HISTORY OF THE COLLEGE 

Lebanon Valley College originated in the action of the East 
Pennsylvania Conference of the United Brethren Church at its 
annual session held at Lebanon in March, 1865. Resolutions 
were passed deciding the question of establishing a higher insti- 
tution of learning to be located within the bounds of the East 
Pennsylvania or of the Pennsylvania Conference. One year later 
the committee appointed, recommended in its report: First, the 
establishment of a school of high grade under the supervision 
of the church; second, to accept for this purpose the grounds 
and buildings of what was then known as the Annville Academy, 
tendered as a gift to the Conference; and, third, to lease the 
buildings and grounds to a responsible party competent to take 
charge of the school for the following year. School opened May 
7, 1866, with forty-nine students. By the close of the collegiate 
year one hundred and fifty-one were enrolled, thus demonstrating. 
at once the need of such an institution in this locality and the- 
wisdom of the founders. 

In April, 1867, the Legislature granted a charter with full 
university privileges under which a College faculty was organized 
with Rev. Thomas Rees Vickroy, Ph.D., as president, and Prof. 
E. Benjamin Bierman, A.M., as principal of the Normal Depart- 
ment. The same year the Philokosmian Literary Society was 
organized by the young men, additional land was purchased and 
a large brick building erected thereon with chapel, recitation 
rooms, president's office, and apartments for sixty boarding stu- 
dents. This building was not furnished and fully occupied .till. 
the fall of 1868. 

The first regular commencement was held June 16, 1870. 
About two years later opposition to the school manifested itself" 
and President Vickroy stated in his report to the annual Con- 
ference that the attendance of students was reduced from one 
hundred to seventy-five, the cause of this diminution being per- 
sistent opposition on the part of certain brethren. 

President Vickroy directed the affairs of the institution for 
five years, from 1866 to 1871. During his administration the- 
charter was prepared and granted by the State Legislature, the 
laws and regulations for the internal workings framed and adopt- 
ed, the curriculum established, and two classes — those of 1870 
and 1871 — were graduated. In June, 187.1, Prof. Lucian IT. 
Hammond was elected president. During his term of office five- 
classes were graduated, the Clionian Literary Society organized; 



BULLETIN 9 

fey the ladies, and the College made steady and substantial 
progress, but failing health compelled him to resign in June, 1876. 

Rev. David D. DeLong, D.D., became the third president. He 
found it necessary to reorganize the faculty and retain but two 
of the former teachers. The Kalozetean Literary Society was 
instituted to awaken interest in literary work among the young 
men by means of a healthy rivalry, and the music department 
was organized. In the summer of 1883 a large two-story frame 
building was erected on College Avenue, containing an art room, 
music rooms, the department of natural science, a museum and 
the College library. During his presidency one hundred and 
seven students were graduated, fourteen in music and ninety- 
three in the literary department. 

After an interregnum of several months Rev. Edmund S. 
Lorenz, A.M., was elected president and took up the work with 
energy and ability. Enlargement was his motto and the friends 
of the College rallied to his support. Post graduate studies were 
offered. "The College Forum" made its appearance under the 
editorship of the Faculty. With a devotion that won the admira- 
tion of his friends he labored incessantly for nearly two years 
to make the College the peer of any in the State, but under 
this strain his health failed and he was obliged to retire at the 
close of the collegiate year of 1889. 

The fifth president, Rev. Cyrus J. Kephart, D.D., assumed the 
duties of his office at the opening of the fall term in 1889. He 
secured creditable additions to the endowment fund but because 
of discouraging conditions declined re-election at the close of the 
first year. 

The question of re-locating the College agitated its constitu- 
ency, divided its friends and greatly hindered its progress. Some 
were almost in despair, others were indifferent, while others 
hoped and waited for the best. Under these conditions the Board 
of Trustees met in special session July 28, 1890, and called Dr.. 
E. Benjamin Bierman to the presidency. He was inaugurated 
on the evening of the sixth of November following. Buildings 
were renovated, a large number of students enrolled and the 
Mary A. Dodge Fund of ten thousand dollars received, "the 
interest of which only is to be loaned without charge to such pious 
young people as the Faculty of the College may deem worthy 
of help as students." The Silver Anniversary of the College 
was celebrated June 15, 1892, when money was raised to purchase 
about three acres of ground to be added to the college campus. 
With the experience of twenty-five years of earnest effort to- 



10 LEBAiNFON VALLEY COLLEGE 

combat opposition and overcome errors and misconceived notions 
of higher education and to 'build up an institution of learning 
creditable to the United Brethren Church, the friends of the 
College entered upon the second quarter of a century with new- 
hope and aspiration. 

President Bierman served successfully until the spring of 1897, 
when he was succeeded by Rev. Hervin U. Roop, Ph.D., who held 
the office until January 1, 1906, after which time the administra- 
tion was in the hands of the Executive Committee and the Faculty 
until the election of Rev. A. P. Funkhouser, A. M., March 9, 1906. 

The presidency of Dr. Roop stands out as the period when the 
group system in the College curriculum was introduced, when the 
athletic field was acquired, when the disastrous fire of December 
24, 1904, occurred, sweeping away the Administration Building 
in a few hours, and when several new buildings arose on the 
campus — Engle Music Hall 1899, and the Carnegie Library and 
Women's Dormitory in 1904. The recuperative powers of the 
institution were put to the test by the destruction of the main 
building. At a meeting held January 5, 1905, the friends of the 
College, resolved, amid unusual enthusiasm, to rebuild at once and 
with the stimulus of a gift of fifty thousand dollars from Andrew 
and with stimulus of a gift of fifty thousand dollars from Andrew 
Carnegie received by the President, who had previously secured 
$20,000 from the same source, plans were matured by which to 
raise one hundred thousand dollars for this purpose. The erection 
of three new buildings was projected — the Men's Dormitory, the 
Central Heating Plant and the new Administration Building, the 
latter being completed under the supervision of President Funk- 
nouser, whose term of office is marked also by a strenuous effort 
to meet the debt which rose to ninety thousand dollars. Bonds 
were issued to the amount of fifty thousand dollars and the co- 
operative college circles organized to relieve the financial con- 
ditions. 

Rev. Lawrence Keister, S. T. B., D.D., was elected president 
of the College, June 10, 1907, at the annual session of the 
Board of Trustees. He solicited $7,700 for the equipment of 
the Science Department, secured the Mills Scholarship of $1000 
and the Immel Scholarship of $2,000. The debt effort authorized 
by the Board, June 3, 1908, was carried forward successfully, 
$50,000 having been pledged before January 1, 1909, according 
to the condition of the pledge which also required the continua- 
tion of the canvass to secure another $50,000 in order to cover 
the entire debt. At the death of Rev. Daniel Eberly, D.D., July 



BULLETIN 11 

9, 1910, whose will bears date of September 17, 1909, the College 
came into possession of property valued at about $45,000, the 
major portion being given for the endowment of the Latin Chair. 

In June, 1912, President Keister presented his resignation to 
the Board of Trustees and in September the Rev. Dr. George D. 
Gossard, of Baltimore, Md., was elected president. He at once 
entered upon the duties of his office to which he brings conscien- 
tious devotion and intelligent enthusiasm. 

Plans were immediately adopted and the wheels set in motion 
to increase the effectiveness and enhance the utility of the 
college by materially increasing the attendance which, as a result 
rose by the close of the 1912-1917 period to almost four hundred 
and fifty students. But the work of the college was hampered 
more than ever by an increasing shortage of funds. The co- 
operating conferences came to the rescue, but even then the 
new demands upon the college made it imperative that the 
educational work of the Church be given permanent financial aid. 
The outstanding feature of the present administration is the 
raising of an endowment fund of $400,000 to provide this support. 
This result, unsucessfully sought for during the last fifty years, 
was achieved through a special campaign inaugurated December 
27, 1917, at a joint meeting of the East Pennsylvania, Pennsyl- 
vania, and Virginia Conferences held in the Sixth Street United 
Brethren church, Harrisburg, Pa. At this meeting the goal was 
fixed at $350,000, and it was stipulated that the entire sum 
should be used for additional endowment. The month of June, 
1918, was fixed as the time for the intensive campaign. The 
Y. M. C. A. plan of raising large funds was adopted and adapted 
to local needs. By means of an intensive organization of the 
conferences all members and other friends of the church in the 
co-operating territory were asked to contribute to the fund. The 
campaign closed June 26, 1918, with subscriptions amounting 
to almost $400,000. 



12 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 



GENERAL INFORMATION 

The College is situated in Annville, a progressive and cultured 
town twenty-one miles east of Harrisburg in the beautiful, health- 
ful and fertile Lebanon Valley. 

BUILDINGS AND GROUNDS 

There are eight buildings on the campus: the Administration 
Building, the Carnegie Library, the Engle Conservatory of Music, 
the Women's Dormitory, the Men's Dormitory, South Hall, the 
Heating Plant and President's Residence. 

THE ADMINISTRATION BUILDING contains the recitation 
rooms of the College and the laboratories of the science depart- 
ments. The administrative offices of fireproof construction are 
on the first floor. 

The Alumni Gymnasium occupies the ground floor. Here are 
provided over seven thousand square feet of floor space for the 
use of the department of physical culture and the promotion 
of athletic activities. The gymnasium has, in addition to the 
gymnasium floor, separate locker rooms for the teams, for the 
men, and for the girls, an apparatus room, and shower baths. 

THE CARNEGIE LIBRARY, erected in 1904, furnishes com- 
modious quarters for the growing library of the College. 

Two large reading rooms on the first floor, splendidly lighted 
and ventilated, and beautifully furnished, are provided with the 
leading magazines and daily papers. Periodicals devoted to the 
special work of each department are here, as well as magazines 
of general literature. On the second floor are six seminar rooms 
designed to be equipped with the special works of reference for 
the various departments. 

THE ENGLE CONSERVATORY OF MUSIC, erected in 1899, 
contains the college chapel, a directors' office and studio, prac- 
tice rooms, and a large society hall. The building is well 
equipped with pianos and a large pipe organ. 

THE WOMEN'S DORMITORY, NORTH HALL, was erected in 
1905, and is a building of beautiful proportions. In addition to 



BULLETIN 13 

rooms which will accommodate forty-five students, there are a 
society hall, a dining hall, a well-equipped kitchen, and laundry. 

THE MEN'S DORMITORY, erected in 1905, contains single 
and double rooms and sixteen suites of two bed-rooms with a 
separate study-room. These afford accommodations for more 
than one hundred students. 

THE WOMEN'S DORMITORY, SOUTH HALL, the original 
building of the institution, acquired by gift in 1866, when the 
College was founded, has been re-modeled and is now used as a 
women's dormitory. 

THE HEATING PLANT, erected in 1905, contains a low pres- 
sure heating system, and supplies the heat for all the buildings on 
the campus. It is constructed with a view to the installation of a 
lighting plant. 

THE PRESIDENT'S RESIDENCE, is situated on the northwest 
corner of the campus. 

THE CAMPUS of twelve acres, occupies a high point in the 
center of Annville and is within easy access of trolley and rail- 
road lines. 

THE ATHLETIC FIELD of five and one-half acres is well 
located and admirably adapted to the purpose for which it is 
intended. 

LABORATORIES 

The entire northern half of the Administration Building is oc- 
cupied by the Departments of Science. The Department of 
Chemistry occupies the first floor; Physics, the second; and Bi- 
ology, the third. 

The laboratories of each department are constructed after 
the most approved modern methods. The lecture rooms are 
provided with risers and Columbia tablet chairs. 

RELIGIOUS ACTIVITIES 

The College has always tried to furnish religious training, and 
encourages all means of promoting Christian influence. Each 
morning a regular service is held in the College Chapel, at 
which the students are required to be present. 

A students' prayer-meeting is held once a week, and opportu- 
nities for Bible study and mission study are offered by the Chris- 



14 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

tian Associations in addition to those afforded by the regular 
curriculum. 

All resident students of the College are expected to attend 
public worship in the churches of their choice, every Sunday. 

Christian The College has Young Men's and Young Wo- 

Associations men's Christian Associations, which hold regular 

weekly devotional services and conduct special 

courses of Bible and mission study. They are centers of the 

spiritual interests of the students and deserve the hearty su- 

port of all connected with the college. 

Under these auspices public lectures, entertainments and socials 

are held, which contribute to the pleasure of the student body. 

COLLEGE ORGANIZATIONS 

Literary Excellent opportunities for literary improvement 

Societies and parliamentary training are afforded by the so- 
cieties of the College. There are three of these 
societies — Philokosmian, Kalozetean, and Clionian, the latter sus- 
tained by the young ladies. They meet every Friday evening in 
their well-furnished halls for literary exercises. These societies 
are considered valuable agencies in college work, and students 
are advised to unite with one of them. 

Athletic The Athletic Association is composed of all the 

Association students of the College and the cooperating Al- 
umni. Athletics are controlled by a Council con- 
sisting of ten members as follows: — three faculty members ap- 
pointed by the President; three Alumni members appointed by the 
Alumni members of the Athletic Association; three Undergradu- 
ates elected by the undergraduate members of the Athletic Asso- 
ciation, and the Athletic Editor of "The Crucible." The Graduate 
Manager and the Coach are ex-officio members of the Council 
without a vote. 

The Mathematical The Mathematical Round Table is an organi- 
Round Table zation of the students of the College who 
are interested in mathematical studies. Its 
object is to create interest in and love for the k 'exact science." Its 
meetings are held on the last Wednesday evening of each month. 
Papers on mathematical history and biography are read and dis- 
cussed. Current events in the mathematical world and papers 
on various mathematical subjects make the meetings very interest- 
ing and helpful. 



BULLETIN 15 

THE SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY 

The Scientific Society is devoted to the interests of the three 
Departments of Science, — Biology, Chemistry and Physics. Its 
purpose is to allow those interested in and specializing in the 
sciences to consider and discuss scientific subjects that cannot 
properly be taken up in the classroom. It holds its meetings on 
the first and third Tuesday evenings of each month. At each 
meeting, original papers are read 'by the various members. These 
papers cover subjects in which the members have had practical 
experience, or subjects in which they are particularly interested. 
General discussion follows the reading of both papers and cur- 
rent events. The members of the Faculty of Science also take 
an active part in these meetings and act in an advisory capacity 
to the Society. 

STUDENT PUBLICATION 

A group of students possessing ability in management and 
composition are nominated by the Faculty to publish, semi-month- 
ly, "The Crucible." This student publication affords training of 
a highly specialized character to a number of students interested 
in editorial work. 

LITERARY AND MUSICAL ADVANTAGES 

During the college year, the student body has the privilege of 
hearing lectures and talks delivered by men of note in Church. 
and literary circles. 

The department of music together with the department of pub- 
lic speaking presents a number of programs during the year. 
Concerts and recitals by prominent musicians are given under the 
patronage of the Department of Music with the aim of creating, 
in the student an appreciation for the best in art. 

There is a lively interest in the drama. Various college or- 
ganizations have presented Shakespearean and other plays of a 
high grade. 

ADMINISTRATION 

Advisers The following are the advisers for the students in each 
of the four groups in which courses of instruction are 
offered: For the Classical group, Prof. Spangler; for the Science- 
group, Professor Derickson; for the Historical-Political, Profes- 



16 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

sor Gingrich; for the Modern Language, Professor Beatty; Pro- 
fessor Wagner is adviser to all Freshmen. The adviser's approval 
is necessary before a student may register for or enter upon any 
course of study, or discontinue any work. He is the medium of 
communication between the Faculty and the students of his group, 
and, in a general way, stands to his students in the relation of a 
friendly counselor. 

Discipline The rules of the College are as few and simple as the 
proper regulation of a community of young men and 
women will permit. The government of the dormitories is under 
the immediate control of the student councils, committees of 
students authorized iby the College authorities. 

Classification Every student residing in the dormitory must take 

at least fifteen hours of work as catalogued. Any 

student failing to pass ten (10) hours of work at the close of 

each semester will be required to withdraw from the institution. 

The maximum number of hours, conditioned, permitted for 
senior standing is four; for junior standing, six; for sophomore 
standing, six; for freshman standing, six. 

The permitted number of extra hours of work, above that pre- 
scribed by the curriculum, is limited by the student's previous 
record, as follows: 

(a) Majority of A's — three hours. 

(b) Lower record than majority of A's — no extra hours. 

No students will be given credit for more than forty four 
semester hours in any twelve months. 

Credits for work done in other institutions, for which advanced 
standing is desired, must be submitted to the committee on Col- 
lege Credits and a copy filed with the Registrar. 

Class Standing Reports of standing will be made to parents or 
guardian at the end of each term when desired 
by them, or when the Faculty deems it expedient. The standing 
is indicated generally by classification in six groups, as follows: 

A (90-100%) signifies that the record of the student is dis- 
tinguished. 

B (80- 90%) signifies that the record of the student is very 
good. 

C (70- 80%) signifies that the record is good. 

D (60- 70%) signifies the lowest sustained record. 

E (below 60%) imposes a condition on the student. 

Failing to make up a condition at an appointed time is equal 
to a record of F. 



BULLETIN 17 

F (failed completely) signifies that the student must drop or 
repeat the subject, and cannot be admitted to subjects dependent 
thereon. 

If the student's record as a whole is poor, he may be required 
to repeat certain subjects, to repeat the year's work, or to with- 
draw. 

Admission Students wishing to enter Lebanon Valley College 
must present credits fiom high schools, normal 
schools, and academies before the time of matriculation. Blanks 
for such credits may be had on application to the Registrar. 
Registration The registration days for the collegiate year 1921- 
1922 are as follows: September 19, 20, 21, and 
Thursday, February 2, and Friday, February 3, preceding the 
opening of the second semester. Students registering later than 
the days specified will be charged a fee of one dollar. 

Registration is not complete until the Registrar has affixed his 
signature to the matriculation card and a copy of same has been 
filed with the Registrar. 

Absences Should a student ibe absent once beyond the number 
of times a class meets each week, he will be required 
to take a special examination, for which a fee of one dollar w>"l J 
be charged. Such examination must be taken within a week ~* 
the excess absence; otherwise the student will lose his class stand* 
ing. Absences immediately preceding or following vacation will 
be counted double cuts. 

Chapel All students are required to attend the morning chapel 
service. Failure to attend will be ground for action by 
the Faculty upon recommendation of the Committee on Chapel 
Attendance. 

Limitations Students are limited to two of the following college 
activities: Quittapahilla, Glee Club, Plays, Foot Ball, 
Basket Ball and Base Ball. This regulation can be set aside only 
by a special action of the faculty. 

No games between college organizations may be engaged in 
during study hours except by permission of the Faculty. 
Degree and The degree of Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of 

Diploma Science is conferred by a vote of the Board of Trus- 
tees on recommendation of the Faculty, upon stu- 
dents who have satisfactorily completed 138 semester hours of 
work in any of the groups. 

The Bachelor's degree will, however, be conferred only upon can- 
didates who have spent at least a full year in actual residence. 



18 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

GRADUATE WORK 

The College will accept candidates for the Master's degree 
subject to the following considerations: 

(1) That when an applicant seeks the Master's degree in 
one year, the entire year be spent in residence. 

(2) That when an applicant prefers to do the work desig- 
nated for the degree in non-residence, at least two years be de- 
voted to the pursuit of the course, and not more than five years. 

(3) That fourteen year-hours be required for the degree — 
six hours of minor subjects and eight hours of major subjects, 
four of which shall be devoted to research work in connection 
with the required thesis. 

(4) That no arrangement will be made to do this work by 
correspondence. 

(5) That students pursuing undergraduate courses for the 
Master's degree must maintain a grade of eight-five per cent 
(85%) in all such courses. 

(6) That the registration fee be the same as the annual 
matriculation fee. 

(7) That the tuition for the work done outside the regular 
college classes shall 'be arranged for with the teachers concerned. 

(8) That the tuition fee for work done in the regular under- 
graduate classes shall be four dollars ($4) per semester hour; the Reg- 
istrar's fee for work done outside the regular college classes shall 
be two and one half dollars ($2.50) per hour; the additional 
fee for work done outside the regular college classes to be ar- 
ranged for with the teachers concerned. 

SCHOLARSHPS AND LOANS 

The College offers a limited number of one hundred and forty 
dollar free tuition scholarships, $70 a year for two years, to honor 
graduates of the State Normal Schools and approved High 
Schools and Academies. One scholarship is alloted to the first 
honor graduate of our own Academy. 

The College also offers a free tuition scholarship of $70 a year 
for two years to a literary graduate of Shenandoah Collegiate 
Institute, Dayton, Va. The recipient of that scholarship will be 
jetermined by Lebanon Valley College. 

Graduates of High Schools and Academies whose standard is 
not equal to that of our own Academy, may enter the senior 
year of the Academy and become competitors for our own 
Academy scholarship. 



BULLETIN 19 

Honor graduates of preparatory schools who have conditions 
may be allowed to make them up in the freshman year. If the 
first semester's work shows a majority of A's and nothing less 
than B in all work including conditions, a scholarship may be 
awarded. 

Students preparing for the ministry in the Church of the United 
Brethren in Christ and having quarterly or annual conference license 
to preach, will be entitled to free tuition in the college and academy 
departments. Students accepting this offer of free tuition will be 
expected to preach at least ten years in the above named church. 

The Bishop J. S. Mills Scholarship Fund 

This fund, established by a gift of $1,000, is available. 
The H. S. Immel Scholarship Fund # 

This fund, established by a gift of $2,000, is available "for 
young men in college who are preparing for the ministry in the 
Church of the United Brethren in Christ." 

The Eliza Bittinger Eberly Fund 

This fund consists of the income of a farm located near East 
Berlin, Adams County, Pa. 

The Daniel Eberly Fund 

This fund is available and is to be loaned to worthy students 
seeking an education in college. 

The Rev. H. C. Phillips Scholarship Fund 

This fund established by a gift of $1,300 in memory of Rev. H. 
C. Phillips, given by his wife and daughter, is available for young 
men preparing for the ministry. • 

The Mary A. Dodge Fund 

The income from this fund is loaned to worthy students. 
The Charles B. Rettew Scholarship 

This scholarship in Bonebrake Theological Seminary is limited 
to students from the East Pennsylvania Conference and Lebanon 
Valley College. 

The Dr. Henry B. Stehman Fund 

This fund has been provided by Dr. Henry B. Stehman to help 
needy ministerial students. This fund is awarded by the Presi- 
dent of the College. 



20 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

Elizabeth A. Mower Scholarship Fund 

This fund was provided by a gift of $200 from Miss Elizabeth 
A. Mower, the income of which is to be used to help a needy 
student. 

SCHOLARSHIPS SECURED DURING THE RECENT 
ENDOWMENT CAMPAIGN 

The following is a list of Scholarship Funds which were sub- 
scribed during the endowment campaign to raise at least $350,000 
and the recent Interchurch drive. This will all be paid by 
October, 1922. At present only a part of these funds is available. 

The Biological Scholarship $3,010.00 

The Medical Scholarship 825.00 

The Harvey E. Herr Memorial Scholarship Fund 1,000.00 

The William E. Duff Scholarship Fund 1,000.00 

The C. C. Gingrich Scholarship Fund 2,000.00 

The Harvey L. Seltzer Scholarship Fund 2,000.00 

The S. F. Engle Scholarship Fund 2,000.00 

The Ezra G. Ranck and Wife Scholarship Fund 1,000.00 

The Mary C. JBixler Scholarship Fund 1,000.00 

The Edwin M. Hershey Scholarship Fund 1,500.00 

The Otterbein Sunday School, Harrisburg, Scholarship 

Fund 1,100.00 

The Henry C. and Anna S. Kaufman and Family Schol- 
arship Fund 1,000.00 

The Barbara June Kettering Scholarship Fund 1,000.00 

The Dorothy Jean Bachman Scholarship Fund 1,000.00 

The Mrs. Elizabeth H. Millard Memorial Scholarship 

Fund 5,000.00 

The H. S. Immel Scholarship Fund (2nd and 3rd funds) 4,500.00 

The Sophia Plitt Scholarship Fund 3,366.00 

The G. D. Gossard and Wife Scholarship Fund 1,000.00 



BULLETIN 21 



EXPENSES 

Matriculation 

The Matriculation fee in both College and Academy is $12.00. 
This fee is not subject to refund, nor is there any rebate allow- 
ed for any reason. 

Special students who take less than half work in the regularly 
appointed classes, or any student who takes work outside of 
regular recitation periods either in the College or Academy, 
is required to pay matriculation according to the number of 
studies taken. 

Oratory students who are not matriculated in the College 
are required to pay an enrollment fee of one dollar. 

Matriculation for Music ranges from one dollar to eight dol- 
lars. No additional fee is required for music from students 
who have already matriculated for College or Academy. 

Tuition 

For twenty hours or less in the College the annual tuition is 
$125.00. $3.25 per semester is charged for each additional 
hour of work taken in regular classes, or for each semester hour 
of work for which credit is allowed, taken outside of 
regular college recitation periods. Credit can be allowed only 
when the work has been taken under instructors approved by the 
Executive Committee. 

The tuition in the Academy is $90.00 for twenty-four or less 
hours of work taken; for each additional hour per semester, 
$2.00. For all credit allowed for work taken outside of regular 
recitation periods, $2.00 per semester hour will be charged. 

Ministers' children in the college and academy departments 
are entitled to a rebate on full tuition of $50.00 and $37.50 
respectively. Scholarships do not cover the tuition for extra 
work taken. 

Laboratory Fees 

To cover the cost of materials used in the Laboratories, the 
following fees are charged: 



22 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 



Tyrone Biological Laboratory 

First Second 

Semester Semester 

Biology 1 $6.00 $6.00 

Biology 2 6.00 6.00 

Biology 3 6.00 6.00 

Biology 4 6.00 6.00 

Bio^gy 5 6.00 6.00 

Chemical Laboratory 

First Second 

Semester Semester 

Chemistry 1 $8.00 $8.00 

Chemistry 2 8.00 8.00 

Chemistry 3 8.00 8.00 

Chemistry 4 6.00 6.00 

Chemistry 5 12.00 12.00 

Chemistry 7 4.00 4.00 

Chemistry 8 2.00 2.00 

Breakage Fees Deposit in Chemistry 1921-1922 — Chemistry 1, 
$3; Chemistry 2, $4; Chemistry 3, $4; Chemistry 4, $4; Chemistry 
5, $5. 

All breakage in the Chemical laboratory will be charged 
against the individual student and any balance of the above 
deposits due the student at the completion of his course will 
be returned or credited to his account and any debit beyond his 
deposit will be charged to his regular college account. 

Physics Laboratory 

Physics 1 $5.00 $5.00 

Physics 2 and 3 5.00 5.00 

All breakage will be charged against the student in each 
department. There will be no refund of laboratory fees. 

If chemicals and laboratory supplies advance in price, there will be 
a corresponding increase in the laboratory fees. 

Boarding 

The domestic Department is in charge of a skilled and competent 
chef. Plain, substantial and palatable food especially adapted 
to the needs of the student is provided. The kitchen is furnish- 
ed with the most modern equipment and all the food is prepared 
in the most sanitary manner. 



BULLETIN 23 

The boarding rate for the school term 1921-22 is $200.00 
Students who stop school during the school term will be re- 
quired to pay board at the rate of $6.50 per week during their 
stay in school. Day students may obtain meal tickets at the 
rate of ten meals for $3.50, if paid in advance, and all extra 
meals taken by five-day students or meals taken by friends of 
students, at 35 cents each. A rebate of forty dollars is al- 
lowed for five-day students. These rates do not include Thanks- 
giving, Christmas, and Easter vacations. 

If foodstuffs advance in cost, there will be a corresponding increase 
in boarding rates. 

All students who do not room and board at their homes are 
required to room and board in the college unless special permis- 
sion be obtained from the Executive Committee to do other- 
wise. Students refusing to comply with this regulation forfeit 
their privileges as students in the College. 

Room Rent 

Room rent varies from $32.00 to $75.00 except when double 
rooms are assigned to only one student, then the occupant will 
pay the regular rent for two. A deposit fee of $5.00 is required 
when a room is reserved. This fee will be deducted from the 
second half year's payment. 

When five or more day students occupy one room, then the 
rate to each occupant is $22.50 and must be paid at the open- 
ing of the school year, and there will be no refund. 

For every additional light temporarily installed in any dormi- 
tory room there will be an extra charge of $3.00 to the oc- 
cupants of the room. Only 40 watt lamps are allowed. One lamp 
is furnished free at the opening of school. 

Occupants of a room are held responsible for all breakage 
and loss of furniture or any loss whatever for which the stu- 
dent is responsible. 

In the Men's Dormitories rooms will be furnished with a 
bed, chairs, and one table for each occupant. Students must 
furnish their own carpets, towels, napkins, soap, and all other 
necessary furnishings. 

Estimated Expenses 

The minimum expense for men is $369 and for women $363. 
The maximum expense for a full course in L. V. C. for one 
year, exclusive of laboratory fees, books and personal expenses, 
is $412 for men and $406 for women. 



24 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

Graduation Fee 

Sixty days prior to Commencement, candidates for degrees are 
required to pay the following fees: 

Students graduating in the College $12.00; in Music $10 00- 
in the Academy $5.00; those receiving certificates in Oratory' 
Art, or Music $5.00 each. 

REGULATIONS 

Matriculation fee must be paid at the time of enrollment. 

Laboratory fees must be paid at the beginning of each Semester. 

The regular College or Academy expenses which include Tui- 
tion, Room Rent, and Boarding are divided into four equal in- 
stallments: One-fourth is due September 23, one-fourth on 
November 19, one-fourth on February 1; and one-fourth on 
March 27. These bills are due on the day they are issued and 
must be paid within ten days. 

When a student leaves school or the boarding hall for any 
other reason than sickness, he shall pay board at the rate of 
$6.50 per week, without any rebate or refund, except when order- 
ed otherwise by the Finance Committee of the College 

Satisfactory settlement for all bills and fees is required before 
an honorable dismissal can be granted and before grades are 
recorded or given to the student. 

Students who are candidates for Diplomas or Certificates must 
make full settlement entirely satisfactory to the Finance Com- 
mittee before diplomas or certificates will be sealed and deliver- 
ed. 

ABSENCE AND SICKNESS 

When students retain their class standing during absence from 
school because of sickness or for any other reason, no rebate 
or refund will be allowed on tuition, or room rent. 

In case of sickness which occasions loss of class standing, a 
reasonable rebate or refund will be allowed on tuition. 

When a student is absent from school more than two weeks in 
succession because of sickness, and retains his room during the 
time of absence, then a rebate of $4.00 per week will be al- 
lowed for all absence exceeding the two weeks. Reductions can- 
not be allowed for athletic, glee club, or banquet trips. 

AID TO STUDENTS 

Help is extended annually to a limited number of students, 
but only to those pursuing full courses in the College or in the 
Academy. This help is given in the form of Morit Scholarships, 



BULLETIN 25 

Ministerial Scholarships, Waiterships, Janitorships, Tutorships, or 
Library work. All of this help is extended or given only upon the 
condition that the recipient proves loyal to the school and complies 
with all the rules and regulations of the College. 

A student forfeits the privilege of a scholarship or other help 
from the school when his average grade falls below passing 
standards or when in any way he refuses to co-operate with the 
College'-, or when he disregards the regulations of the institution. 

Students rooming in Dormitories and boarding at the College 
Dining Hall will be given preference when work of various kinds 
is assigned. 

REQUIREMENTS FOR ADMISSION 

Students may be admitted to Freshman standing in Lebanon 
Valley College on the following plans: 

I. Admission by Certificate. The following classes of can- 
didates are admitted to Freshman standing on presentation of 
certificates signed by the proper authorities showing the kind and 
amount of work done: 

1. Graduates from any four-year high school course approved 
by the Pennsylvania State Department of Education. 

2. Graduates from any four-year course of a school ac- 
credited by the Association of Colleges and Preparatory Schools 
of the Middle States and Maryland, or by the State University 
of the state in which the school is situated. 

Such certificates must represent a total of at least 14% units 
of work and must meet the requirements outlined on pages 26 and 
27 of this catalog. 

A unit represents the work of a school year of no less than 
thirty-six weeks, with five periods of at least forty-five minutes 
each per week, or four periods of one hour each per week. 
A unit, therefore, is the equivalent of one hundred and eighty 
recitation periods of forty-five minutes each, or one hundred and 
forty-four periods of one hour each. 

Blank entrance credit certificates will be furnished upon ap- 
plication to the Registrar. 

II. Admission by Examination. Candidates not presenting 
approved certificates may be admitted upon examination. Ex- 
aminations will be given upon the work covered by the list of 
secondary subjects approved by the Association of Colleges and 
Preparatory Schools of the Middle States and Maryland,. Can- 
didates for admission by examination must meet the same spe- 
cific requirements as those for admission by certificate. 



26 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 



ling to 



Outline of Requirements for Admission to Groups Leadi 
the Bachelor of Arts Degree 

The following is an outline of the requirements for admission to 
the Freshman class of Lebanon Valley College. Of these eleven and 
one-half units are required as specified and three units may be elected. 



GROUP I 

English 



GROUP II 

Mathematics 



GROUP III 

Foreign 
Languages 



GROUP IV 

Physical 
Sciences 



GROUP V 

Biological 
Sciences 



GROUP VI 

History, Etc. 



GROUP VII 



English 



Three units required 



Elementary Algebra 1 unit , Two and one-half 
Intermediate Algebra Vz unit i units required, one 
Plane Geometry 1 unit | of which must be 



Solid Geometry % unit 

Plane Trigonometry V2 unit 



Plane Geometry. 



Latin 
German 
French 
Greek 

Spanish 
Italian 



4 units !Five units required 

2 units i 

2 units I 

2 units I 

1 unit 

1 unit 



Physical Geog. V 2 or 1 unit Physics required. 
Physics 1 unit j Chemistry required 

Chemistry V 2 or 1 unit only for students 

intending to take 
Science Group. 



Botany 

Zoology 

Physiology 



1 unit 
1 unit 
1 unit 



Elective 



Greek and Roman 1 unit One unit required. 
Medieval and Modern 1 unit 
English 1 unit 

Civics V2 unit 

Economics V2 unit 



One unit of credit may be 
given for subjects not men- 
tioned in the above groups 
at the discretion of the Col- 
lege Committee on credits. 



In case the requirements of a given Group are not fully met by 
the fourteen and one-half units elected, the studies necessary for such 
requirements must be taken in place of an elective in the regular col- 
lege course. For example, if a student presents three units of Latin 
.and two of German for admission to a Group requiring 'four units of 

Latin, he must include in his college course the equivalent of the 

fourth unit of Latin. 



BULLETIN 



27 



Outline of Requirements for Admission to Groups Leading to the 

Bachelor of Science Degree 

The following is an outline of the requirements for admission to 
the Freshman class of Lebanon Valley College. An aggregate of 
fourteen and one-half units must be offered by the candidate for 
admission. Of these twelve units are required as specified and two and 
one-half units may be elected. 



GROUP I 

English 



English 



3 units ; Three units required 



GROUP II 

Mathematics 



GROUP III 

Foreign 
Languages 



GROUP IV 

Physical 
Sciences 



GROUP V 

Biological 
Sciences 



Elementary Algebra 1 unit Three units required 
Intermediate Algebra V2 unit \ one-half unit of 
Plane Geometry 1 unit ! which must be Solid 

Solid Geometry V2 unit ; Geometry. 

Plane Trigonometry V2 unit | 



Latin 

French 

German 

Greek 

Spanish 

Italian 



4 units 
3 units 
3 units 
3 units 
1 unit 
1 unit 



Two units required 



Physics 
Chemistry 



1 unit Two units required 
1 unit 



Botany 
Zoology 



1 unit One unit required. 
1 unit 



GROUP VI 

History, Etc. 



Greek and Roman 1 unit 
Medieval and Modern 1 unit 
English 1 unit 

Civics V2 unit 

Economics V2 unit 



One unit required. 



GROUP VII 



One unit of credit may be 
given for subjects not men- 
tioned in the above groups 
at the discretion of the Col- 
lege Committee on credits. 



In ease the requirements of a given Group are not fully met by 
the fourteen and one-half units elected, the studies necessary for 
such requirements must be taken in place of an elective in the regular 
college course. For example, if a student presents three units of 
Latin and two of German for admission to a Group requiring four 

units of Latin, he must include in his college course the equivalent 

of the fourth unit of Latin. 



23 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 



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32 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

ASTRONOMY 

Professor Lehman 

13. General Astronomy — Three hours. First Semester. 

A course in descriptive astronomy. Reports on assigned read- 
ings. Important constellations and star groups are studied. 

A fine four-and-a-half-inch achromatic telescope adds to the 
interest of the subject. 

Open to Juniors and Seniors. 

BIBLE 

14. Bible History. Two hours. Thruout the year. 

This course is designed to acquaint the student with the main 
facts of Bible history. The historical books of the Bible are 
studied, together with such collateral material as is necessary to 
make the historical features clear and denned. 

24. Institutions and Ideals of the Bible. Two hours. Thru- 
out the year. 

This course is complementary to course 1, which furnishes the 
historical background for the survey of the Bible from the 
institutional and ideal viewpoints. The book of Genesis is viewed 
as foundational; and the Hebrew commonwealth and the chris- 
tian church are treated as the supreme institutions, in subordina- 
tion to which the several social institutions and ideals are set 
forth. 

34. Prophecy and Doctrines. Two hours. Thruout the year. 

An elective course for Juniors and Seniors. This is a de- 
votional study of prophecy, including the historical setting and 
the predictive elements of several of the prophetic books and 
certain prophecies, together with their doctrinal implications. 

The textbook for all the courses is the American Standard 
version of the Bible, Topical Helps Edition. 

42. Bible Psychology and Education. Two hours. First 
Semester. 

52. Religious Education. Two hours. Second Semester. 

BIOLOGY 

Professor Derickson 

18. General Biology — Four hours. Thruout the year. 
Three lectures or recitations and one laboratory period of two 
hours each week. 



BULLETIN 33 

The object of the course is to acquaint the student with the 
essential structures and processes of living things. 

Types of plants and animals are studied in the laboratory to 
illustrate the structure, properties, and activities of living pro- 
toplasm as manifested in individuals composed of a simple cell, of 
tissues, and of systems of organs. The principles of development, 
homology, classification, adaptation, evolution and heredity are 
considered. 

The course is fundamental and it or its equivalent is required 
for admission, to all other courses in Biology. 

Required of Sophomores in all courses. Elective for others. 

28. * Botany — Four hours. Thruout the year. 

Three lectures or recitations and two laboratory periods of two 
hours each, per week. The object of the course is to give to the 
student a broad, general knowledge of the plant kingdom. The 
form, structure, and functioning of one or more types of each of 
the divisions of algae, fungi, liverworts, mosses, ferns, and flower- 
ing plants are studied. Special attention is given to the ontogeny 
and phylogeny of the several groups suggestive of evolution. 

Experiments are performed in the laboratory to determine some 
of the relations of plants to water, gravitation, temperature, and 
light. Several types of seeds are studied as to their structure, 
germination, and development. The principles of classification 
are learned by the analysis and identification of representatives 
of at least twenty-five orders of spermatophytes. 

The Laboratory and class-room work is supplemented by fre- 
quent field trips. 

Each student is supplied with a compound microscope, dis- 
secting instruments, note, and drawing materials. 

38. ^Zoology. Four hours. Thruout the year. 

Three lectures and two laboratory periods of two hours each, 
per week. 

The principles of biology are learned by making a careful 
comparative study of representatives of several phyla of animals. 
The amoeba, euglena, Paramecium, vorticella, sponge, hydra, star- 
fish, earthworn, crayfish, grasshopper, mussel, amphioxus, and 
frog are studied. A careful study is made of the embryology of 
the frog. The process of development is closely watched from 
the segmenting of the egg until metamorphosis takes place. Each 



* Biology 2 and Biology 3 are given in alternate years. Biology 
3 will be given in 1921-1922. 



34 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

student is taught the principles of technic by preparing and sec- 
tioning embryos at various stages of development. From these 
and other microscopic preparations the development of the in- 
ternal organ and origin of tissues is studied. This is followed by 
an histological study of the tissues of the adult frog. 

Each student is required to keep a record of all work done in 
the laboratory in carefully prepared notes and drawings. 
Texts : — Hegner's College Zoology, Holm's The Frog. 

48. fComparative Vertebrate Anatomy — Four hours. Thru- 
out the year. Six hours laboratory work and two conferences 
each week. 

The course consists of the dissection and thorough study of 
a suctorial fish, a cartilaginous fish, a bony fish, an amphibian, a 
reptile, a bird, and a mammal. Carefully labeled drawings are 
required of each student as a record of each dissection. 

Text-books: — Pratt's Vertebrate Zoology, Kingsley s Text-book of 
Vertebrate Zoology. 

58. fVertebrate Histology and Embryology — Four hours. 

Histology — Two conferences and six hours of laboratory work 
per week. The normal histology of the mammalian body is made 
the basis of the class work. Each student is required to acquire 
a practical knowledge of all phases of histological technic. 

All the tissues as well as the structure of all of the organs of 
the body are studied. Each student prepares about one hundred 
and fifty slides. 
Text-book: — A Manual of Histology and Organography, Hill. 

Elective for Juniors and Seniors. 

Embryology — Second week in March to the end of the year. 
Two lectures and six hours of laboratory work per week. The 
laboratory work is based on the development of the chick and 
comparisons made with that of the frog and mammal. A study 
is made of living embryos at various stages of development. 
These are later killed, prepared, and sectioned by the student 
for the study of the development of the internal organs. Fully 
labeled drawings are required. 

Text-book: — Chordate Development, Kellicott. 

Elective for Juniors and Seniors. 



t Biology 4 and Biology 5 are given in alternate years. Biology 
5 will be given in 1921-1922. 



BULLETIN 35 

CHEMISTRY 

Professor Haring 
Messrs. E. S. Gingrich, E. D. Heiss and P. E. Ness 

The Department of Chemistry offers to a student in the Science 
group, who desires to specialize in Chemistry, the possibility of a 
four years' course in the subject, together with certain electives. 
Such students are required to take Chemistry 1, 2, 3, and 5. 
Special courses may be arranged by consultation with the pro- 
fessor in charge. 

The courses are so planned as to give students specializing in 
the subject a thorough grounding in the principles and theory 
involved, and also in laboratory manipulation. Upon graduation, 
such students should be in a position to enter commercial work, 
or to specialize in some particular branch of Chemistry, or to 
meet medical school requirements. 

18. General Inorganic Chemistry. Four hours. Thruout the 
year. Two experimental lectures, one recitation, and one labora- 
tory period of three hours, each week. The fundamental chemical 
laws and theories, the elements and their compounds are consider- 
ed in detail. Pre-requisite to all later courses in Chemistry and 
to Geology. 

Text-book: — General Chemistry for Colleges, Alexander Smith. 

Laboratory Manual : — Laboratory Outline of College Chemistry, 
Alexander Smith. 

28. Qualitative Analysis. Four hours. Thruout the year. 
Two lectures or recitations and six hours laboratory work. The 
theory and practice involved in the detection of the elements. 
Solutions, and natural and artificial products are analyzed. Pre- 
requisite, Chemistry 1. 

Text-book: — Qualitative Chemical Analysis, Vol. I, Stieglitz. 

Laboratory Manual: — Qualitative Chemical Analysis. A. A. Noyes 

38. Quantitative Analysis. Four hours. Through the year. 
One lecture or recitation and nine hours laboratory work. The 
theory and practice of gravimetric and volumetric analysis, and 
chemical calculations. The course includes the analysis of ores, 
minerals, alloys and simple salts. Pre-requisite, Chemistry 2. 

This is supplemented with the methods of those who are 
specialists on particular determinations. 

Text-book: — Chemical Calculations, Whiteley. 

Laboratory Manual: — Quantitative Chemical Analysis, Olsen. 



36 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

46. Advanced Quantitative Analysis. Three hours. Thruout 
the year. A minimum of nine hours laboratory work a week will 
be required. The course includes the analysis of natural and 
artificial products, such as foods, fertilizers, paints, oils, etc. 
Pre-requisite, Chemistry 3. Senior elective. 

Laboratory Manual : — Bulletins Nos. 107 and 109 of the Bureau of 
Chemistry. 

These are also supplemented with special methods. 

58. Organic Chemistry. Four hours. Thruout the year. 
Two hours lectures and recitations and six hours laboratory work. 
A careful study is made of the more important aliphatic and 
aromatic compounds. In the laboratory, some typical compounds 
of each class are prepared and purified. Pre-requisite, Chemistry 
2. Senior course. 

Text-book: — Introduction to Organic Chemistry, Stoddard. 

Laboratory Manual: — Laboratory Manual of Organic Chemistry, 
Fisher. 

62. Industrial Chemistry. Two hours. First semester. Lec- 
tures and recitations. The practical application of Chemistry 
are considered. Trips may be taken to various plants in the 
vicinity. Pre-requisite, Chemistry 3. Elective for those Sen- 
iors who are specializing in Chemistry. 

Text-book: — Outlines of Industrial Chemistry, Thorp. 

74. Physical Chemistry. Two hours. Thruout the year. 
Lectures and conferences. The course serves to correlate the 
work of the previous years. Subjects considered are, the atomic 
and kinetic molecular theories, liquids and solutions, thermo 
chemistry, equilibrium, the law of mass action and the phase 
rule, velocity of reaction and catalysis, electrical conductivity 
and electromotive force, hydrolysis, colloidal solutions and absorp- 
tion. Pre-requisite courses, Chemistry 1, 2, 3 and 5. Open only 
to Seniors. 

Text-book: — Outlines of Theoretical Chemistry, Getman. 

82 Mineralogy and Blowpipe Analysis. Two hours. Second 
semester. One hour lecture or recitation and one hour labora- 
tory work. This is an elementary course in physical, chemicai 
and economic mineralogy. The laboratory work is a brief course 
of qualitative analysis in the dry "way, with special reference 
to the identification of minerals. Pre-requisite, Chemistry 2. 
Senior elective. 

Textbook: — Minerals and How to Study Them, Dana. 

Laboratory Manual: — Determinative Mineralogy, Lewis. 



BULLETIN 37 

:~ w economics 

Professor Gingrich 

13. Economic Principles. Three hours. First Semester. 
A study of the laws and theories of Economics. 
Fetter: — Economic Principles. Volume 1. 

23. Economic Problems. Three hours. Second Semester. 
A study of the leading problems in Economics, past and pres- 
ent. The aim is to make the course of practical value. 

Fetter: — Economic Principles. Volume 2. 

33. Business Finance. Three hours. First Semester. 

A study of business laws, the several types of business as- 
sociations, the liability of individuals and associations engaged in 
business and a practical consideration of modern business 
methods. Much time is given to the study of corporations. 

Gerstenberg: — Principles of Business. 

43. Business Administration. Three hours. Second Semester. 

The course covers the science and methods of business, the 
several types of business management, wage systems, labor con- 
trol, advertising, selling, credit and a few general observations 
in Accounting. 

Bush: — Uniform Business Law. 

56. Uniform Business Law. Three hours. Thruout the 
year. 

This course offers a general survey of the practical phases of 
business law, emphasizing those subjects covered by uniform 
statutes. 

Lough : — Business Finance. 

EDUCATION 

Professors Grimm and Butterwick 

14. History of Education — Two hours. Thruout the year. 

A study of the pedagogical theories and practices, from the 
early days of China to the present. Especial attention give to the 
educational work of Pestalozzi, Herbart, and Froebel. 

Text-book : — Monroe's Text-book in the History of Education. 

22. School Management and School Law — Two hours. Second 
Semester. 

A consideration of the problems involved in a class manage- 



38 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

ment and in school supervision. Investigation of the develop- 
ment of the public schools of the State of Pennsylvania, and a 
careful study of the present legal provision for the control and 
support of education in this commonwealth. 

34. Secondary Education — Two hours. Thruout the year. 

This course deals primarily with the American High School of 
today — its relation to the earlier Academies and English Grammar 
schools and its growth since the Civil War. Some attention will 
be given to the history of secondary schools in Europe. 

The course will consist of two parts: (1) The general problem 
of the high school, and (2) the high school curriculum. 

Surveys of at least one ungraded and one graded school 
must be made and reported by each member of the class. 

Text-books : — Cub'berley's A, History of Public Education in the 
United States; Inglis' Principles of Secondary Education. 

42 Philosophy of Education. Two hours. Second semester. 

In this course attention is given to the entire field of educational 
truth with a view of unifying into a consistent whole the several 
aspects of education. 
Offered 1921, 1923. 

52. Psychology of Education. Two hours. Second semester. 

This course aims to lay scientific foundations for the art of 
teaching, so far as those foundations have to do with psychology. 
Offered 1922, 1924. 

ENGLISH 

Professor Beatty and Miss Ad*ms 

14. Theory and Practice of English Composition. Two hours. 
Thruout the year. Required of all college freshmen. 

The aim of this course is to improve the student's ability to 
convey information, to present ideas consecutively, and to be 
persuasive. The first semester is devoted to the composition 
of ideas; the second semester emphasizes the composition of 
images. 

Texts: — Baldwin's College Composition; Lomer and Ashman's 
Study and Practice of Writing English. 

12. Public Speaking. One hour. Thruout the year. Re- 
quired of all college freshmen. This course is in conjunction 
with 14. 



BULLETIN 39 

This course aims to give the student practice in the funda- 
mentals of oral expression, and drill in the interpretation and 
delivery of orations and other forms of literature. 

26. History of English Literature. Three hours. Thruout 
the year. Required of all college sophomores. 

This course is a survey course covering the period of English 
Literature from the Anglo-Saxon to the present. 

Texts : — 'Fletcher's History of English Literature; Century Selec- 
tions of Readings in English Literature. 

32. Advanced Public Speaking. One hour. Thruout the 
year. Open to those who have completed 14 and 12. This 
course is in conjunction with 34. 

This course is a further study of the principles of oral ex- 
pression, with special emphasis on extemporaneous speaking from 
assigned subjects, the preparation and delivery of occasional 
speeches and original orations. 

34. Advanced Composition. Two hours. Thruout the year. 
Open to those who have completed English 12 and English 14. 

This course aims to familiarize the student with the types 
of expository writing and the special feature article. 

Texts : — Curl's Expository Writing; Bleyer's How to Write Spe- 
cial Feature Articles. 

42. Social Ideals of the late Seventeenth and Eighteenth Cen- 
turies. Two hours. First Semester. Required of all Historical- 
Political Group students. 

This course aims to give a somewhat intensive study of the 
Literature., from the Restoration to the Revolutionary Period, 
(1789-1832). 

Text: — Gosse's History of English Literature, (18th Cen.) 

512. Revolutionary Literature, 1798-1832. Two hours. 
Second Semester. Required of all Historical-Political students. 

This covers the period from Burke to Scott with special em- 
phasis on the poets, Southey, Coleridge, Wordsworth, Shelley, 
Byron and Keats. 

Text: — Saintsbury's History of English Literature. (19th Cen.) 

522. American Literature. Two hours. Second semester. Re- 
quired of all Historical-Political Group students. 

This course alterates with the Revolutionary Literature course 
and therefore will not be offered during 1921-22. 



40 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

66. Shakespeare and the Drama. Three hours. Thruout the 
year. Required of all students in the Modern Language Group. 

By lectures the development of the drama is traced from the 
beginning to the closing of the theatres in 1642. The develop- 
ment of Shakespeare as a dramatic artist is traced by a study of 
each play with a careful reading of at least ten plays. Various 
tendencies are traced through the Restoration Drama to the 
present. 

Texts : — Neilson's The Chief Elizabethan Dramatists; Tupper's 
Representative English Dramas from Dryden to Sheridan. 

72. The Short Story. Two hours. First semester. Requir- 
ed in the Modern Language Group. 

This course covers the history of the short story and makes 
an analysis of the same. Students taking this work are required 
to write examples illustrating types studied. 

Text: — Albright's Short Story. 

82. History of the Novel. Two hours. Second semester.. 
Required in the Modern Language Group. 

By means of lectures and assigned readings the development 
of the novel is traced from the Gesta Romanorum to Robert 
Louis Stevenson. 

Text: — /Hamilton's Manual of the Art of Fiction. 

92. Early English. Two hours. First semester. Open to^ 
Juniors and Seniors. 

Early English grammar and sounds are studied; portions of 
Beowulf are read with due attention to Anglo-Saxon meter. 
Text : — Wright's Anglo Saxon Reader. 

102. Middle English and Chaucer. Two hours. Second 
semester. Open to Juniors and Seniors; English 92 a pre-re- 
quisite. 

Texts : — MacCracken's College Chaucer ; McLean's Old and Middle 
English Reader. 

FRENCH LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE 

Professor Schmauk and Mrs. Green 

16. First Year French — Three hours. Throuout the year. 

This course includes a drill in French pronunciation and grammar 
with exercises in dictation and composition (Thieme and Effinger's 
French Grammar) ; and the reading of the following texts or their 



BULLETIN 41 

equivalents; Daudet, Conies choisis; Dumas, UEvasion du Due 
Beaufort; Labiche Martin Le Voyage de M. Pcrrichou. 

26. Second Year French — Three hours. Thruout the year.. 
Grammar, composition, dictation and the reading and interpreta- 
tion of such texts as the following: Erckmann-Chatrian, Le Consent 
de 1813; Ca et La en France; Standard French Authors. Guerlac ; 
Lectures Historiqucs, Moffett ; La (Mare) an Diable,, George Sand; 
Le Monde on V on s'ennuie. 

36. French Literature of the Seventeenth and Eighteenth 
Centuries — Three hours. Thruout the year. 

Study of classic drama. Reading and reports on works of 
Corneille, Moliere, Racine, and other representative writers. 

46. French Literature of the Nineteenth Century — Three 
hours. Thruout the year. 

Study of eminent modern authors. Reports on works assign-- 
ed for private readings. 

52. Practical Course in French Conversation and Composi- 
tion — One hour. Thruout the year. 

GEOLOGY 

Professor Harixg 

14. General Geology — Two hours. Thruout the year. An 
introductory course. Lectures, recitations and laboratory work 
consisting of map readings, study of rock types, etc. Also some 
field work. Pre-requisite, Chemistry 1. Senior elective. 

Text-book : — Introductory Geology, Chamberlin and Salisbury. 

Laboratory Manuals: — Interpretation of Topographic Maps. His- 
torical and Structural Geology. Salisbury and Trowbridge. 

GERMAN LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE 

Professors Frounich and Wagner 

16. Elective German — Three hours. Thruout the year. 

Literature of the 19th century. Fouque's Undine, Heine's Die Hars- 
reise, Freytag's Die Journalisten. Scheffel's Ekkehard, Mueller's 
Deutsche Liebc; Deutsche Gedichte, Wenkebach's Composition. 

The college will offer the following courses if the demand is 
sufficient. 



42 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

26. Elective German — Three hours. Thruout the year. 

Literature of the 18th century. Representative works of Les- 
sing, Schiller and Goethe will be read, discussed and compared. 

36. Elective German — Three hours. Thruout the year. 

Pre-requisite German 2. General view of German Literature. 
Rapid reading of representative authors of each period ; reading of 
selections from German History, Freytag's Ausdem Jahrhundert des 
Grosscn Krieges. Reports in German on assigned work. This course 
alternates with German 66. 

66. Elective Goethe — Three hours. Thruout the year. 

Pre-requisite German 2. Study of Goethe's life and works; 
intensive study of Goethe's prose, poetry and drama; essays in 
German required. This course alternates with German 36. 

76. Elective course in scientific German for students in 
science. 

GREEK LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE 

Professor Spangler 
16. Elementary Greek — Three hours. Thruout the year. 

Xenophon : The Anabasis completed. Greek Prose 
Homer : The Iliad. Scansion and epic poetry. 
Herodotus : Selections from several of the books, Review of the 
Greek historians and the Persian War. 

26. Plato and Xenophon. Three hours. Thruout the year. 

Plato : The Apology and Crito. The Athenian courts. 
Xenophon : The Memorabilia. Socrates and the Socratic schools. 

34. Greek Drama. Two hours. Thruout the year. 

Selections from the tragedies of Sophocles and Aeschylus, and 
the development of the drama and theater. 

46. New Testament Greek. Three hours. Thruout the year. 
The object of this course is exegetical and practical, and com- 
prises a study of the Gospels and the letters of Paul. 

Courses 16 and 26 are required for graduation from the Classical 
Group. 



BULLETIN 43 

HISTORY 

Professor Shenk 

14. Medieval and Early Modern History — Two hours. Thru- 
out the year. A study of the life and institutions of the Mid- 
dle Ages; the Renaissance and the Reformation. 

Thatcher and Schevill's Europe in the Middle Ages, Schevill's 
Modem Europe, Robinson's Readings. 

24. European History from the accession of Louis XIV to the 
present time. Two hours. Thruout the year. 

Robinson and Beard, The Development of Modem Europe, Vol- 
umes I and II, Robinson's Readings. 

34. History of England — Two hours. Thruout the year. 

A brief review of the Anglo-Saxon period; a more thorough 
study of the period following the Norman Conquest, and an 
intensive study of the Tudor period and the Revolution. 

Terry: — History of England; Cheyney; Introduction to the Social 
and Industrial History of England, Cheyney; Readings in English 
History. 

46. History of the United States — Three hours. Thruout the 
year. 

LATIN LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE 

Professor Frounick 

As many courses will be offered in the Latin Department as 
may be required to satisfy the demand for instruction in Latin. 
Course 16 is intended for students who have had three or four 
years of Latin in the secondary school. The remaining courses 
will alternate from year to year. In general, they are open 
to all students who have had Latin 16. 

16. Freshman Latin — Three hours. Thruout the year. 

Cicero: — De Sencctute and De Amicitia; Livy: Selections; or se- 
lections from the Roman Historians. Latin Grammar and Composi- 
tion. First Semester. 

Ovid: — Selections; Catullus: Selections; Terence: Phormio; or 
selections from Latin Verse. Latin Grammar and Composition. Sec- 
ond Semester. 

23. Pliny: Selected Letters — Three hours. First semester. 
This course embraces the reading of several of Pliny's let- 



44 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

ters; a methodical study of syntax; and the study of life and: 
manners in Rome during the Early Empire. 

33. Horace: Odes and Epodes — Three hours. Second semes- 
ter. 

Attention will be directed chiefly to the literary side of the 
poet's work. Constant practice in metrical reading. 

43. Tacitus: Agricola and Germania — Three hours. First 

semester. 

In its aim and method of instruction this course will be similar 
to course 23. 

53. Plautus and Terence — Three hours. Second semester. 

Detailed study of selected plays. Special attention will be- 
paid to the characteristics of early Latin forms, syntax, and 
versification. 

63. Cicero: Selected Letters — Three hours. First semester.. 

Several letters will be read showing Cicero's character, tastes, 
and relations to his personal and literary friends. Study of 
Roman political institutions in connection with Cicero's public 
career. 

73. Virgil: Aeneid. Books VII-XII — Three hours. Second' 
semester. 

This course consists of the reading of the Aeneid, Books VH-XH,. 
with special phasis on correct and literary form. 

86. Roman Satire — Three hours. Thruout the year. 

Selections will be read from the Satires of Juvenal and Horace, 
and from the Epigrams of Martial. A study of Roman society un- 
der the Empire will be made in connection with the course. 

92. Roman Private Life — One hour. Thruout the year. 

A systematic treatment of the life of the Romans with ref- 
erence to the remains of ancient art, inscriptions, and the testi- 
monial of classical authors. 

102. Topography of Rome — One hour. Thruout the year. 
This course will consider the situation, growth, development, 
and existing remains of ancient Rome. 

112. Latin Composition — One hour. Thruout the year. 
Thoro review of Latin grammar in connection with the trans- 
lation of English into Latin. 



BULLETIN 45 



MATHEMATICS 

Professor Lehman 

13. Advanced Algebra — Three hours. First Semester. 

Covering ratio and proportion, variation, progressions, the 
binomial theorem, theorem of undetermined coefficients, logari- 
thms, permutations and combinations, theory of equations, partial 
fractions, etc. 

23. Plane and Spherical Trigonometry — Three hours. Second 
Semester. 

Definitions of trigonometric functions, goniometry, right and 
oblique triangles, measuring angles to compute distances and 
heights, development of trigonometric formulae, solution of 
right and oblique spherical triangles, applications to Astronomy. 

36. Analytic Geometry — Three hours. Thruout the year. 

The equations of the straight line, circle, parabola, and hyper- 
bola are studied, numerous examples solved, and as much of the 
higher plane curves and of the geometry of space is covered 
as time will permit. 

43. Differential Calculus — Three hours. First semester. 

Differentiation of algebraic and transcendental functions, maxi- 
ma and minima, development into series, tangents, normals, evo- 
lutes, envelopes, etc. 

53. Integral Calculus — Three hours. Second Semester. 
Integrations, rectification of curves, quadrature of surfaces, 
cubature of solids, etc. 

63. Plane Surveying — Three hours. Second Semester. 
A study of the instruments, field work, computing areas, plot- 
ting, leveling, etc. 

73. Differential Equations — Three hours. First Semester. 
A course in the elements of different equations. Murray. 
Pre-'requisite, Mathematics 43 and 53. 

83. Analytic Mechanics — Three hours. Second Semester. 
Bowser. Prerequisite, Mathematics 73. 



46 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

PHILOSOPHY 

Professors Butterwick and Spangler 

14. (a) Psychology — Two hours. Thruout the year. 
Special emphasis will be placed upon (1) the application of 
psychological laws to practical life, and (2) the philosophical 
bearing of certain psychological principles. 
Text-book: — Human Psychology, Warren. 

(b) Logic — From six to ten weeks will be devoted to the con- 
sideration of the essentials of logic. 

Text-book: — The Essentials of Logic, Sellers. 

22. Introduction to Philosophy — Two hours. First Semester. 
Text-book : — Introduction to Philosophy, Fullerton. 

32. History of Ancient and Mediaeval Philosophy — Two 

hours. First semester. 

42. History of Modern Philosophy — Two hours. Second 

Semester. 

In these courses the aim will be (1) to trace the development 
of philosophy, pointing out what of permanent value each sys- 
tem, as it arose, contributed toward a final solution of the nature 
of being, and (2) to show the interaction between philosophic 
thought and the practical life of the period during which it 
flourished. 

Text-book: — History of Philosophy, Cushman. 

53. Ethics — Three hours. First semester. 

This course will be primarily constructive and critical, and 
historical only in so far as its constructive purpose demands. 
Much attention will be given to the practical bearing of the doc- 
trine set forth on the pressing problems of today — such as in- 
dividualism, the integrity of our social institutions, the problems 
which grow out of progress, etc. 

62. Aesthetics — Two hours. Seccnd semester. 

This course aims (1) to give the student a knowledge of 
the most important facts about aesthetic experience and ar- 
tistic activity; and (2) to stimulate interest in the treatment of 
aesthetic problems. 

72. Metaphysics — Two hours. Second semester. 
Text-book: — A System of Metaphysics, Fullerton. 



BULLETIN 47 

82. The Philosophy of Religion — Two hours. First semester. 
92. Theism — Two hours. First semester. 

PHYSICS 

Professor Grimm 

Physics 18. General Physics — Four hours. Thruout the year. 

Three hours lectures and recitation and four hours laboratory 
work per week. The course will be a thoro investigation of the 
fundamental principles of physical science and is especially in- 
tended as a preparation for Physics 2, 3, and 4, and for those 
interested in the practical applications of physical laws and 
principles. This course may be taken by those who have had 
no High School Physics. 

Textbooks : Millikan and Gale's A First Course in Physics, Car- 
hart's College Physics, and Ames and Bliss' Laboratory Manual. 

Laboratory hours Thursday and Friday afternoons and Satur- 
day morning. 

24 — Advanced Physics — Mechanics — Four hours. One semes- 
ter. 

This course will be a thoro investigation of the mechanics of 
solids, liquids, and gases and sound. 

First Semester, 1922-1923. 

34. Advanced Physics — Electricity and Magnetism — Four 
hours. One Semester. 

This course will be a thoro consideration of the laws of the 
electric and magnetic fields and the power applications of elec- 
tricity. 

First Semester, 1921-1922. 

44. Advanced Physics — Heat and Light — Four hours. One 
Semester. 

This course will be concerned with the nature of heat and 
light and the transmission of each through various media includ- 
ing reflection, refraction, and dispersion. 

Second Semester, 1921-1922. 
Textbooks: Kimball's College Physics, and a special text for each 
of courses 2, 3, and 4. 

The Calculus will be a very great aid in these courses. 



48 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

PHYSICAL CULTURE 

The work consists of gymnastic classes two days a week. 
Two years work in college is required for graduation. This 
work is required of all Resident, Special, and Resident Prepara- 
tory students. 

The work consists of marching, calisthenic drills, elementary 
work on the heavy apparatus, folk dancing, and group games. 

The aim of the course will be to keep the students in good 
physical condition and to prepare them to handle similar work 
in grade or high schools. 

11. Freshman Physical Culture — -One half hour. Two hours 
per week. 

21. Sophomore Physical Culture — One half hour. Two hours 
per week. 

POLITICAL SCIENCE 

Professor Gingrich 

16. Constitutional Law — Three hours. Thruout the year. 

A course designed to give the student a working knowledge of 
the fundamental laws of Federal and State Government. The 
course is devoted chiefly to the study of leading cases. 

Textbook: Young's The New American Government and Its 
Work, and lectures. 

26. Political Science — Three hours. Thruout the year. 

A study of various theories of the state and the structure and 
province of government. A considerable portion of the work of 
the second semester is given to the consideration of practical 
political problems of national and international import. 

Textbook: Garner's Elements of Political Science, and lectures. 

SOCIOLOGY 

Professor Gingrich 

14. Principles of Sociology — Two hours. Thruout the year. 

The course is intended to acquaint the student with the various 
theories of society together with the place of Sociology in the 
general field of learning. Modern social problems are discussed 
during the second semester. 

Textbook: Ross' Principles of Sociology. 



BULLETIN 49 

SPANISH 

16. Elementary Spanish — Three hours. Thruout the year. 
The elements of grammar; practice in composition and conver- 
sation and the reading of simple stories and plays. 

26. Intermediate Spanish — Three hours. Thruout the year. 

Reading of several stories and plays by modern Spanish authors. 
Thoro review of grammatical principles, and practice in compo- 
sition and conversation. 

ORATORY AND PUBLIC SPEAKING 

Professor Adams 

The work of this department is primarily personal culture, 
the highest development of the personality of the student. "The 
development of the art of oratory is the development of the 
orator himself." 

The course requires two years of study of prescribed work. 
Upon the completion of the studies a certificate is awarded. 

Students entering the regular course must have had a high- 
school course or its equivalent. 

A recital is given at least once a term for Which the students 
are carefully prepared. These afford the students public plat- 
form practice by which they gain confidence and experience. 

Each Senior is required to adopt and arrange a program for 
a public recital, from some piece of literature approved by the 
instructor. 

Description of Courses 
ORATORY AND LITERARY INTERPRETATION 

1. Evolution of Expression. Two hours. Thruout the year. 
Study of selections from great orators, essayists, poets and 
dramatists. Practical drill work before class for developing 
power of student thru application of principles to his individual 
needs. Personal criticism and guidance to bring out originality 
of student. Dramatic work. 

2. Philosophy of Expression and Laws of Art. Two hours. 
Thruout the year. Expressive study of different forms of litera- 
ture with particular attention to the laws of art which logically 
follow the steps of the Evolution. Dramatic work. 

(Two hours credit in college is given for each of the above 
courses 1 and 2 when taken with one private lesson a week). 



50 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

3. Poetic Interpretation. One hour. Thruout the year. 
Special interpretation and critical study of the great poets, with 
presentation and criticism before class, to acquaint student with 
mastery of literary art, to develop appreciation of the music 
and suggestiveness of poetry, and imaginative and poetic elements 
in work. Study of poetic forms from the ballad to lyric and 
dramatic poetry. 

4. Normal Training and Methods — One hour. Thruout the 
year. Practice in teaching and class management. Under the 
direction and criticism of the instructor, the Seniors conduct class 
work, lecture upon principles, and discuss their application. 

5. Dramatic and Platform Art — One hour. Thruout the year. 
Interpretation and dramatic study of Hamlet, Macbeth, Othello, 
Merchant of Venice, Julius Caesar, and As You Like It. Pre- 
sentation of prepared scenes for criticism. Practical work in 
stage business, deportment, and grouping. 

Platform deportment, correct bearing, and presentation before 
audience. Platform methods and traditions. Pantomime, study 
of emotions. Freedom and responsiveness in bodily expression. 

Sketches and plays are given from time to time during the 
year, which, with the annual Junior and college plays provide 
special dramatic training for many. 

Private lessons, with attention to the special needs of the 
students, either in overcoming habits, or in personal development 
and repertoire, are given thruout the course to supplement the 
class work. 

Attention is given to the choice, adaptation and abridgment 
of selections for public reading, arrangement of programs, writ- 
ing introductions, etc. One hour per week. 

6. Voice Training. Exercises for breath control, for freeing 
of voice by proper placing and direction of tone, purity, flexibili- 
ty, radiation, resonance, and power; pitch, volume, and inflection 
in emphasis. Tone color and form, ideal and imaginative quali- 
ties in tone. Diction. 

Given daily thruout course. 

7. Physical Training. Exercises for securing poise, bearing, 
freedom and ease in movement; to gain control over body and 
render it responsive to thought. Response in bearing and dra- 
matic attitudes. Fundamental principles of gesture and drill. 
Given daily thruout course. 



BULLETIN 51 

8. English Literature. 

English Literature (English 26) 
Composition and Rhetoric (English 16) 

9. Psychology. (Philosophy 14). 

10. Public Speaking. 

English 12. Public Speaking. 

English 32. Advanced Public Speaking. Foi description of 
courses see English. 

TUITION 

Matriculation and Physical Culture, $6.00. Non-resident students 
may be exempted from physical culture. 

AH tuition is payable in advance. No reduction allowed for ab- 
sence for the first or second week of the terms, nor for lessons missed 
during the terms except in case of protracted illness. 

Regular Course, $88.00 per year, payable quarterly in advance. 

Special courses in Oratory 1 and 2 with one private lesson a week, 
giving 2 hours credit, $44.00 per year, payable 1 quarterly in advance. 

Private lessons $12.00 per quarter. 

Other classes will be formed when there is a call for any special 
line of work. 

Fee for certificate, $5.00. 



Lebanon Valley Academy 



Preparatory School 

OF 

Lebanon Valley College 



ADMINISTRATION 

GEORGE DANIEL GOSSARD, B.D., D.D. 

President of the College 

P. S. WAGNER 

« Principal, Mathematics, Physics 



FOUNDED, 1866 



54 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 



HISTORICAL 

Lebanon Valley Academy was established in 1866. For fifty- 
three years it has cherished the ideals of full and accurate 
scholarship, and the development of character that fits one for 
the largest service to society. From its inception, college pre- 
paratory work has been its main purpose, but its curriculum has 
been well adapted to the needs of those who have entered im- 
mediately into practical life or professional study. 

EXAMINATIONS 

Examinations are held at the close of each half year. Other 
examinations will be held whenever the completion of a sub- 
ject warrants such examination. At this time reports are sent 
to parents and guardians. More frequent reports are sent when 
requested by parents. In the Academy records, A signifies ex- 
cellent; B, very good; C, fair; D, low but passing; E, condition- 
ed; F, repeat in class. An "E" record may be removed by a 
test on any part of the course in which the record is poor. For 
such test a fee of one dollar is charged. An "F" may not be 
removed by a special examination. 

For special tests, given on work not completed because of 
absence or otherwise, a fee of one dollar is charged. For 
special examinations a fee of two dollars is charged. 

ADMISSION 

The applicant should be at least twelve years of age. Whifc 
no entrance examination is required, it is expected that the 
applicant shall have completed the ordinary common school 
tranches. 

Each student shall bring with him a certified statement of 
work done in the school last attended. Blanks for such certi- 
fication will be provided by the school. Tentative credit will 
be given for work thus certified, and the student will be permit- 
ted to take up his work as near as possible where he left off, 
but any previous work found to be unsatisfactory will have to 
"be repeated. 

Students will be received at any time, but in general it is to 
the student's advantage to enter in September, or less preferably, 
at the beginning of the second Semester. 



BULLETIN 55 



GRADUATION 



Any student who has completed 14% units of work as outlined 
in the courses of study, provided that he has completed two and 
one-half units of Mathematics, three units of English, two units 
of science and two units of languages or five units of languages — 
of which three must be in one language and two in another and 
one unit of Science, and one unit of History, shall be entitled 
to the school diploma. If the candidate desires to enter Lebanon 
Valley College he shall arrange his work to meet the entrance re- 
quirements for the several courses. 

Students having completed only a partial course will be given 
certificates for such work upon request. 

ACADEMY EXPENSES 

Matriculation $ 12.00 

Tuition 90.00 

Boarding 200.00 

Room Rent $32.00- 75.00 

The expenses for the year excluding laboratory fees and per- 
sonal expenses are $334.00 to $377.00. Further details con- 
cerning expenses and regulations are found on pages 16-24 of this 
catalogue. 

LABORATORY FEES 

Elementary Physics, per Semester $3.00 

Elementary Chemistry, per Semester 4.00 

DESCRIPTION OF COURSES 

A unit represents a year's study in any subject and is reckoned 
to be a quarter of the entire amount of work required of each 
student. However the four years of English aggregate but three 
urJts. 

For graduation fourteen and one-half units are required. Either 
of the following courses is required of all applicants. 

English a, b, c and d 3 units 

Mathematics a, a-2, c and b or d ... 2^ units 

History 1 unit 

Science 1 unit 

Foreign Language 5 units 

Total 12 y 2 units 



56 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

Foreign Language 2 units 

English a, b, c and d 3 units 

Mathematics a, a-2, b, c and d 3 units 

History 1 unit 

Science 2 units 



Total, 11 units 

The remaining units may be chosen from the following list. 
Physical Culture is required of all students for which one-half 
unit credit may be given. 

OUTLINE OF COURSES 

First Year 

Latin a Beginner's Latin 4 hours 

English a English Grammar and Classics 4 hours 

Mathematics a Advanced Arithmetic 4 hours 

Mathematics a-2 First Year Algebra 4 hours 

f Science a Physical Geography 4 hours 

fDrawing 4 hours 

Second Year 

Latin b Caesar and Composition 4 hours 

English b Rhetoric and Classics 4 hours 

Mathematics c .Plane Geometry 4 hours 

f History c ) Ancient History 4 hours 

History d ) 

fGeometrical Drawing 4 hours 

Third Year 

Latin c Cicero and Composition 4 hours 

English c American Literature and Classics 4 hours 

German a Beginner's German 4 hours 

Science c I* \ Bi0l °2y ? 4 hours 

Science e ) { Elementary Chemistry. . ( 

f History b English History 4 hours 

Senior Year 

Latin d "j f Virgil and Composition 4 hours 

German b > J Second Year German 4 hours 

Greek a J I First Year Greek 5 hours 



fElective. 

*Required for graduates in Scientific Course. 
**Choose one. 



BULLETIN 57 

Science d Elementary Science 4 hours 

English d. ..... .College Entrance Requirements 4 hours 

Mathematics d Solid Geometry 4 hours 

Mathematics b Second Year Algebra. 4 hours 

History a American History and Civics 4 hours 



58 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

DESCRIPTION OF COURSES 

ENGLISH 

a-1 — English Grammar — Advanced. First Semester. Four 
hours. 

This course is required of all pupils who have not had high-school 
grammar. Weekly themes are required. Reading: Irving's Sketch 
Book and Cooper's The Last of the Mohicans. 

a-2 — Composition and Rhetoric — Second Semester. Four hours. 

Brooks' Composition and Rhetoric. Book I. 

Theme work based on experience and assignments for reading. 
Reading: Scott's Ivanhoe, Coleridge's The Ancient Mariner, Shakes- 
peare's The Merchant of Venice, Scott's Marmion. 

b — Composition and Rhetoric — Thruout the year. One hour. 
Brooks' Composition and Rhetoric. Book I. 

Reading and Practice — Thruout the year. Three hours. 

George Eliot's Silas M artier, Shakespeare's As You Like It, Addison 
and Steele's The De Coverley Papers, Dickens' A Tale of Two Cities, 
Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress, Goldsmith's The Vicar of Wakefield. 

c — American Literature — Thruout the year. One hour. 

Newcomer's American Literature ; rhetoric continued. 

Reading and Practice — Thruout the year. Two hours. 

Oral reading and careful study of Franklin's Autobiography, Haw- 
thorne's The House of Seven Gables, Hawthorne's Twice Told Tales, 
Shakespeare's Julius Caesar, Tennyson's Idyls of the King. Long- 
fellow's Narrative Poems, Poe's Poems and Tales, Whittier's Snow- 
bound. 

Composition — Thruout the year. One hour. 
Weekly themes required. 

d — Composition and Rhetoric — Thruout the year. One hour. 
Brooks' Composition and Rhetoric, Book II, concluded. Weekly 
themes required. 

English Literature — Thruout the year. One hour. 
Newcomer's English Literature. 

Reading and Practice — Critical study of the English classics 
prescribed for college entrance. 

Shakespeare's Macbeth, Milton's Minor Poems, Tennyson's The 



BULLETIN 59 

Princess, Washington's Farewell Address, Webster's Bunker Hill 
Oration, Carlyle's Essay on Burns. 

LATIN 

The following Latin courses are arranged in accordance with 
the College Entrance Requirements. 

Latin a — Beginners' Latin. Thruout the year. Five hours. 
One unit. 

Smith's Latin Lessons is completed. Special emphasis is placed on 
the memorizing and classification of grammatical forms. Constant 
practice in turning short sentences illustrating the fundamental rules 
of syntax into Latin is required. 

Latin b — Caesar. Thruout the year. Four hours. One unit. 

Caesar's Gallic. Wars, Books I-IV. Thirty-six lessons in composition 
based on the text with as much sight reading as possible is required. 
Allen and Greenough's Latin Grammar. 

Latin c — Cicero. Thruout the year. Four hours. One unit. 
Cicero's Manilian Lam, Cataline I-IV, and Pro Archais, D'Oge's 
Latin Composition, Allen and Greenough's Latin Grammar. 

Latin d — Virgil. Thruout the year. Four hours. One unit. 

Virgil's Aeneid I-VI, Bennet's Composition, Allen and Greenough's' 
Latin Grammar. 

Latin a, b, c, and 4 are required for admission to the Classical and 
Modern Language Course of Lebanon Valley College. 

HISTORY 

History a — Thruout the year. Four hours. One unit. 

American History and Civics. Detailed Study of American 
History with special attention to the History of the United States. 
The latter part of the year will be devoted to a consideration of 
national, state and county government. 

This course is required of all candidates for graduation. 

History b — Thruout the year. Four hours. One unit. 
Walker's Essentials of English History. Offered 1920-1921. 

History c and d — Thruout the year. Four hours. One unit. 

Ancient History with special reference to Greek and Roman 
History and including a short introductory study of the more 
ancient nations and the chief events of the early middle ages, 
down to the death of Charlemagne. Offered 1921-1922. 



60 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 



GERMAN 

a — Beginning German — Four hours. Thruout the year. One 
unit. 

Bacon's German Grammar, and the reading of 75 to 100 pages of 
graduated texts. Frequent reproduction from memory of sentences 
previously read. 

b — Second Year German — Four hours. Thruout the year. 
One unit. Oral and written reproduction of the matter read 
in easy variations. 

From 150 to 200 pages of literature are selected from the following 
list: Heyse's UArrabbiata; Hillern's Hoeker a!s die Kirche; 
Storms' Immcnsee, Leander's Traeumerien, Zschokke's Der Zerbroch- 
ene Krug ; Wilhelm's Einer muss heiraten; Baumbach's Der Schiuie- 
gersohn. 

MATHEMATICS 

Mathematics a — Arithmetic. Half-year. Four hours. One- 
half unit. 

Rapid but thorough review of all the fundamental processes. 
Special drill in fractions, mensuration, percentage, the metric 
system, and modern business forms. 

Hamilton's Arithmetic. 

Mathematics a-2 — Thruout the year. Five hours. One unit. 
Beginner's Algebra to quadratics. Williams and Kempthorne's 
Algebra. 

Mathematics b — Intermediate Algebra. Thruout the year. 
One unit. 

Second Year Algebra. This course must be offered for gradua- 
tion by all candidates. 

Mathematics c — Plane Geometry — Four hours. One unit. 
Durell's New Plane and Solid Geometry. Taught largely from 
the standpoint of the original problems. 
This course is required for graduation. 

Mathematics d — Solid Geometry. Half-year. One-half unit. 
Durell's Solid Geometry. 



BULLETIN 61 



SCIENCE 

Science a — Physical Geography. Half-year. Four hours. 
One-half unit. 

Dryer's Physical Geography. The earth as a globe, the ocean, the 
atmosphere, the land, plains, plateaus, mountains, volcanoes, riv- 
ers, glaciers, geological formations and ages. 

A summary of the relation of man, plants, and animals to climate, 
land forms, and oceanic areas. 

Science d — Elementary Physics. Thruout the year. One unit. 

Three hours recitation and four hours laboratory work per 
week. Mechanics of solids, liquids, gases, heat, magnetism, elec- 
tricity, sound and light. 

No previous knowledge of Physics is required for admission to 
this course. 

Reed and Henderson's High School Physics. Forty experiments as 
outlined in the National Physics Note Book Sheets are required in 
the laboratory. 

Science e — Elementary Chemistry. Thruout the year. One- 
half unit. 

Two hours recitation and four hours laboratory work. 

The aim of the course is to present Chemistry to the beginner 
in such a way as to enable him to grasp the fundamental prin- 
ciples and to help him to secure a working knowledge of the 
Science in the laboratory. 

First Principles of Chemistry by Brownlee and others, and labora- 
tory exercises accompanying same. 

DRAWING 

Free Hand Drawing — Half-year. Four hours. One-half unit. 

Geometrical Drawing — Half-year Four hours. One-half unit. 

Drawing of Geometrical figures, reconstruction of figures to a 
given scale, construction of scales to any given unit, projection 
of plane and solid figures, etc. 

Morris' Geometical Drawing. 

PHYSICAL CULTURE 

Academy Physical Culture. Two hours per week. Required 
•of all preparatory students. 



62 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

SUB-PREPARATORY COURSE 

Sometimes students of mature age come to us not fully pre- 
pared to enter the Academy. They have for various reasons at- 
tended school for but a short time and find it embarrassing to 
enter the public school with scholars so much younger than them- 
selves. For these we make special provision whenever occasion 
demands. However, at least sixteen hours of regular Academy 
work is required. 

ELECTION OF STUDIES 

There is considerable room for election of courses that have 
a special value to students intending to specialize. 

The principal advises students what subjects are fundamental 
to professional and engineering courses. 

FACTS TO BE CONSIDERED 

Although Academy students enjoy a number of the same fea- 
tures as college students such as the use of an extended library, 
laboratories, the same social privileges, literary exercises, debates, 
Christian Associations, etc., they are in many respects an en- 
tirely separate student body. 

SCHOLARSHIP 

A one-hundred and forty dollar scholarship is awarded each 
year to the Academy graduate who has, according to the vote of 
the Faculty, attained the best class record and deported himself 
in accordance with the regulations. 



Conservatory of Music 



64 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 



THE FACULTY 

URBAN H. HERSHEY, Mus.D. 
Pianoforte, Organ, Counterpoint, Composition 

R. PORTER CAMPBELL, Mus.B. 
Pianoforte, Organ, Harmony, History of Music 



LENORE NEVILLE LONG, Mus.B. 
Voice, Public School Music, Methods, Sight Singing 



RUTH ELIZABETH ENGLE, A.B. 

Pianoforte, Theory, Sight Playing 



ELIZABETH JOHNSON-LeVAN 

Violin, Orchestral Class Training 



BULLETIN 65 

LOCATION AND EQUIPMENT 

The Engle Conservatory of Music is a handsome, three-story, 
stone structure. It contains a fine auditorium with large pipe- 
organ, director's room, studios, practice rooms, waiting, and writ- 
ing room for students' use, large society rooms, lavatories, etc. 
The whole building is lighted by electricity, and heated by steam, 
and designed and furnished with a view to having it complete in 
every respect for the study of music in all its branches. A com- 
plete musical education, from the very first steps to the highest 
artistic excellence, may be secured. The director will use every 
effort to secure positions for those students who have finished 
courses, and who may wish to teach or perform in public. 

OBJECT . 

The department has for its object the foundation and diffusion 
of a high and thorough musical education. The methods used are 
those followed by the leading European conservatories. The 
courses are comprehensive, systematic, progressive, and as rapid 
as possible. The conservatory offers the means for a complete 
education in musical art at a moderate cost. 

DESCRIPTION OF COURSES 

* 
I 

Pianoforte 

The course in Pianoforte is divided into five divisions: Sub- 
Freshman, Freshman, Sophomore, Junior, and Senior. 

The course marked out must, however, necessarily be varied 
according to the ability and temperament of the pupils. Many 
works must be studied by all, but there is much that may be es- 
sential for one student and not at all necessary for another. In- 
dividual instruction only is given. 

A system of technics is used that is in l!ne with the most ap- 
proved methods. Special attention is paid to the development of 
a true legato touch and clear, smooth technique. The use of the 
pedal, so much neglected, is emphasized. At the same time ex- 
pression and interpretation are not neglected. Technical and 
theoretical ability is worthless, except as it enables the performer 
to bring out the beauties and meaning of the composer. 

By a recent act of the Executive Board arrangements were 
made for a teacher to give instruction to children and others in 



66 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

the elementary grades of the pianoforte course at a cost within 
the reach of all. This work is carried on according to the methods 
in use in the leading Conservatories. 

For such instruction, the rate of tuition will be fifty cents per 
lesson. This enrollment as a regular student of the Conservatory 
will entitle the student to all privileges of the institution. The 
advantages to be derived from appearing in recital classes, re- 
ceiving instruction in stage deportment, as well as opportunities 
for hearing and associating with other music students, are certain 
to act as incentives to better, more conscientious work. 

Memorizing music is required of all students. It is a great 
acquisition to be able to perform a number of selections from 
memory. 

Sight Reading — This, although to a certain extent a natural 
gift, can be greatly improved by systematic work. One who can 
read well has all music at his command, while a poor reader has 
but a few pieces which may have been learned. 

Practice — Special effort is made to teach pupils how to prac- 
tice. Difficult places are pointed out and the students are taught 
how to learn them in the quickest and most thorough manner. 
Quality is of more value than quantity in practice. 

Ensemble Playing — It is impossible to overestimate the value 
of thd*rough training in duet, trio, and quartet playing. Students 
are given drill in these as well as in accompaniment playing. 

II 
The Voice 

Students contemplating work in this department should bear 
in mind two important facts; first, that the natural ability to sing 
varies with every student, and secondly, that while the production 
of tone from any musical instrument is by artificial means, the 
elements that go to make up the human voice are composed of 
flesh and blood, subject to the most delicate nervous impulses. 

Hence the course in the Study of Voice must be varied ac- 
cording to the needs of the individual, and the success of the 
pupil depends largely upon the sympathetic insight of the teacher 
and the sincere co-operation in mind as well as body on the part 
of the student. 

The old Italian method as shown in Marchesi's "Art of Singing" 
will be used, and exercises from other standard texts will be 
given to suit the needs of the individual student. 



BULLETIN 67 

III 

The Pipe Organ 

The Pipe Organ — commonly called "The King of Instruments" 
— has made rapid strides in development during the last fifty 
years, and today is no longer regarded as an instrument solely for 
accompaniments and church use, but has taken its place among 
solo instruments and gained a distinct recognition from the music- 
loving people. A large field, therefore, is open to the student 
of the organ. 

A new Three-Manual Moller Pipe Organ with detached console, 
modern in every respect, has recently been installed in the college 
chapel. 

The increased demand for organ instruction the past year has 
made necessary the addition of a Two-Manual Reed Organ with 
pedals for practice purpose. Both organs are connected with 
kinetic organ blowers which insure most satisfactory wind pres- 
sure with its steady, even tone as a result. 

The course outlined for this department is planned to provide 
the student with a repertoire for recital purposes and to satis- 
factorily meet the requirements of the organist in church. 

IV 
The Violin 

Among the stringed instruments, the Violin stands as one of 
the oldest and has always been admired for its beautiful and 
thrilling strains. 

The musical possibilities within the compass of the violin are 
marvelous and unexcelled by any other instrument. The best 
artists of the olden and modern times were skilled on the violin 
and it appeals to those of the finest musical taste to-day. 

Nowhere in English literature do we find a nobler or more glow- 
ing tribute to the violin than is the little poem penned by our 
own immortal "Autocrat" where he places the violin among the 
highest order of musical instruments. 

V 

Theoretical Music 

Theoretical studies are essential to rapid and comprehensive 
sight reading and to excellence in the higher grades of music. 
Good pedaling depends on a knowledge of harmony, and memoriz- 
ing is greatly facilitated by it. 



68 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

An intelligent insight into the foundation, upon which rests 
the art of music, gives interest to the pupils in their playing and 
singing and makes them musicians, as well as performers. 

VI 
SOLOIST'S AND TEACHER'S COURSES 

Two courses leading to the granting of diplomas are offered. 
Both follow the same general course outlined on page 69. 

The Soloist's Course requires a satisfactory appearance in the 
annual recital by the Junior Class and an individual recital during 
the Senior year. 

The Teacher's Course is offered to those who wish to specialize 
for the teaching profession. Such pupils will be excused from 
the Junior and Senior recitals, but required to teach in the Normal 
department one hour per week for two years under the direction 
of a teacher of the Conservatory faculty in charge of such work. 
A Weekly Methods Class conducted by the teacher directing this 
department will bring to the attention of these student-teachers 
points where their teaching may be improved, and essential 
principles underlying the work of the successful teacher. 

Teaching in the Normal will begin in October and end on, or 
about May 1st. 

VII 
PUBLIC SCHOOL MUSIC 

Realizing the demand for trained teachers of Public School 
Music, the Conservatory offers a course for such work which re- 
quires two years for completion. 

The text used in the Methods class is that of Hollis Dann, 
Principal of Public School Music at Cornell University. How- 
ever, other texts are studied and compared so that the graduates 
should be able to handle any course in Public School Music in 
use at the present time. 

Aside from this, students have the advantage of doing teaching 
under supervision in the Annville Public Schools, thereby putting 
into practice the theoretical knowledge gained in the Methods 
class. 

Special attention is paid to the care of the child voice in singing 
which is such an essential feature of Public School Music. Candi- 
dates for this course must have completed a four-year High 



BULLETIN 69 

School course or its equivalent. Positions are not guaranteed 
to graduates. 

VIII 
A FOUR YEAR COURSE IN THE THEORY OF MUSIC 

The Conservatory diploma will be given for the satisfactory 
completion, with no grade below 85 per cent in the following sub- 
jects: Harmony — 3 semester?; Musical History — 2 semesters; 
Sight Singing — 4 semesters; Theory — 1 semester; Musical Form 
— 1 semester; Psychology of Music — 1 semester; Harmonic An- 
alysis — 1 semester; Simple Counterpoint — 1 semester; Double 
Counterpoint — 1 semester; Canon and Fugue — 2 semesters. The 
candidate for graduation in the above course must have completed 
the Sophomore year in pianoforte to the satisfaction of the Con- 
servatory faculty. 

COLLEGE CREDIT 

Credit will be given in the college department for the comple- 
tion of courses in Harmony, Musical History, and Counterpoint. 

THE SECOND "SOLO SUBJECT" 

Candidates for graduation by diploma or certificate in Piano 
shall have taken at least one year in voice, violin, or organ. 
For graduation in Voice, Violin, or Organ the student shall have 
at least Sophomore standing in piano. 



70 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 



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72 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

HOW TO BECOME "A FULL COURSE STUDENT" 
IN THE CONSERVATORY OF MUSIC 

To be a "full course student" in the Conservatory you will be 
required to carry one solo subject (piano, voice, or organ) and 
two theoretical branches, such as Harmony and Musical History. 
Two lessons, each one-half hour in length are given each week in 
the solo subject. Classes in Harmony recite two hours per week. 
Classes in Musical History meet on alternate days for three 
hour-lessons per week. The course in Harmony requires three 
semesters, while the course in Musical History may be completed 
in one year. 

The "full course student" engages four practice hours daily 
throughout the year. 

One subject, such as German, French, or English, may be 
taken in the College or Academy by a "full course student" 
without additional charge. 

The "full course student" will find the tuition as follows: 

FIRST SEMESTER— Two lessons per week, as stated above 

Piano or voice $34.00 

Harmony 18.00 

Musical History 18.00 

Piano Practice, 4 hours daily 10.00 

Matriculation Fee 8.00 

Sight Singing and Dictation 15.00 

$103.00 
Voice or Piano added, 2 lessons per week $34.00 additional 

Organ, one lesson per week 17.00 additional 

Organ practice, one hour daily . . . .$10 or $20 additional 

SECOND SEMESTER — Rates and courses the same as first 
semester. 

CERTIFICATE 

Candidates for graduation by Certificate in pianoforte, pipe 
organ, or violin, must have satisfactorily completed the full 
course in harmony, musical history and sight playing. 

Candidates for graduation by certificate in voice must have 
satisfactorily completed the full course in harmony, musical 
history, sight singing and dictation. 

Graduation Fee for Certificate, $5.00. 



BULLETIN 73 

DIPLOMA 

Candidates for graduation with Diploma must have satis- 
factorily completed the requirements as outlined on page 70. 
Graduation Fee for Diploma, $10.00. 

DEGREE 

Requirements for Mus. B. Degree: 

Candidate must hold a diploma covering the course as outlined 
on page 70. - 

In addition to the above, one year's work in Canon and Fugue, 
2 lessons per week, Orchestration, 2 lessons per week, and one 
year's work in Original Composition, 2 lessons per week, will be 
required. 

Fee for Degree, $10.00. 

RECITALS AND MUSICAL ORGANIZATIONS 

Students' Evening Recitals. Each term recitals are given in 
which students, who have been prepared under the supervision 
of the instructors, take part. These recitals furnish incentives 
to study and experience in public performance. 

Students' Recital Class. Students who are not sufficiently 
advanced to appear in the Evening Recitals are given experience 
in public performance in the Students' Recital Class. These 
classes are not open to the public. Rules governing Concert 
Deportment are brought to the attention of the students and 
each performer shown what is expected of him or her when 
before an audience. The result is a smoother and more satis- 
factory appearance in the Evening Recitals when assigned to 
such work. 

THE EURYDICE CHORAL CLUB 

This club for young women was organized four years ago, 
having for its object the study of standard choruses and choral 
works, producing the same at a Spring concert. 

Among the artists who have recently appeared with the Eury- 
dice Choral Club are Miss Elsie Baker of the Victor Concert 
Company, Miss Vera Curtis of the Metropolitan Opera Company, 
and Mrs. Bertyne Ne Collins, soprano, of New York. 

Last season the club enlarged the scope of its musical activities 
and aside from giving the usual concert, presented Miss Sue 
Harvard, soprano, of New York City, in song recital. Club 



74 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

members are admitted without charge to these recitals, and it is 
proposed to bring artists before the students from time to time 
for the furtherance of musical appreciation. 

THE MEN'S GLEE CLUB 

The opportunity for a "try out" for membership in this organ- 
ization is given every young man of the institution who possesses 
a singing voice. Rehearsals are conducted throughout the Fall 
months preparatory to filling a series of scheduled dates booked, 
by a student manager. Membership in this Club furnishes a 
musical training as well as social experience that is invaluable 
to the college man. 

TUITION 

SENIOR YEAR 
PIANO, VOICE, VIOLIN OR ORGAN 

First Semester 2 lessons per week $51.00 

First Semester 1 lesson per week 25.50 

Second Semester 2 lessons per week 51.00 

Second Semester 1 lesson per week 25.50 

JUNIOR AND SOPHOMORE YEARS 

Piano, Voice, Violin, or Organ and Freshman Organ 

First Semester 2 lessons per week $34.00 

First Semester 1 lesson per week 17.00 

Second Semester 2 lessons per week 34.00 

Second Semester 1 lesson per week 17.00 

SUB-FRESHMAN AND FRESHMAN YEARS IN PIANO 

First Semester 2 lessons per week $17.00 

First Semester 1 lesson per week 8.50 

Second Semester 2 lessons per week 17.00 

Second Semester 1 lesson per week 8.50 

KEYBOARD, HARMONY, RUDIMENTS, THEORY, HARMONIC 
ANALYSIS, MUSICAL FORM, PSYCHOLOGY OF 
MUSIC, PUBLIC SCHOOL METHODS, OR 
SIGHT SINGING 

First Semester 2 lessons (class) per week . . .$15.00 

Second Semester 2 lessons (class) per week . . . 15.00 



BULLETIN 75 

HARMONY, MUSICAL HISTORY AND CURRENT EVENTS, 
COUNTERPOINT, CANON, FUGUE, OR COMPOSITION 

First Semester 2 lessons (class) per week . . . $18.00 

Second Semester . .2 lessons (class) per week . . . 18.00 

SIGHT PLAYING 

Junior and Senior Years ' 

First Semester 2 lessons (class) per week . . . $10.00 

Second Semester 2 lessons (class) per week . . . 10.00 

A charge of seventy-five cents each semester will be made for 
use of the Sight Playing Library. 

PIANO NORMAL METHODS CLASS 

First Semester 1 lesson (class) per week .... $5.00 

Second Semester 1 lesson (class) per week. . . . 5.00 

(October to April) 
In addition to the above outline of subjects in the regular 
courses leading to a diploma or certificate, private lessons in 
Harmony, Counterpoint, Orchestration, and Composition may be 
had from Dr. Hershey by any one desiring advanced work in 
these subjects at the following rates: 

2 Half hour lessons weekly, per semester $68.00 

1 Half hour lesson weekly, per semester $34.00 

2 Hour lessons weekly, per semester .... 136.00 
1 Hour lesson weekly, per semester .... 68.00 

RATES FOR PRACTICE PERIODS 

Piano, 1 hour daily, per semester $ 4.00 

Each additional hour, per semester 2.00 

Pipe Organ (College Chapel) 1 hour daily, per semester, . . 20.00 
Pipe Organ (College Chapel) 2 hrs. per week, per semester 10.00 
Two Manual Organ, 1 hour daily, per semester, 10.00 

RULES AND REGULATIONS 

No reduction is made for absence during first two weeks of 
the term, nor for a subsequent individual absence. In case of 
long continued illness the loss is shared equally by the College 
and the student. 

Pupils may enter at any time, but for convenience of grading 
the beginning of each semester is the most desirable time. 



76 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

In the case of holidays declared by the faculty, no lessons will 
be given or money refunded. 

All sheet music must be paid for when taken. 

Students are expected to consult the Director before arranging 
to take part in any public musical exercise outside of the regular 
work. 

No pupil is allowed to omit lessons without a sufficient cause. 

Reports showing attendance, practice, and improvement in 
grade will be issued at the close of each semester. 

For all further information as to any particular course, or 
combination of courses, rooms, boarding, etc., address 

DIRECTOR OF THE CONSERVATORY, 

Lebanon Valley College. 



Lebanon Valley College 
Extension 



The Mount Gretna 

Summer School 

1921 



CALENDAR 



June 


s 

"5 
12 
19 
26 


M 

*6 
13 

20 
27 


T 
"l 

14 
21 
28 


w 

1 

8 

15 

22 

29 


T 

2 
9 
16 
23 
30 
•• 


F 

3 

10 
17 

24 


s 

4 
11 

18 
25 



July 


s 

*3 

10 

17 
24 
31 


M 

"a 

11 

18 

25 


T 

"5 

12 
19 
26 


w 

6 

13 
20 
27 


T 
"7 

14 

21 
28 


F 
1 

8 
15 
22 
29 


s 

2 

9 

16 

23 

30 



Summer School Calendar 

June 18, 20 and 21 — Registration of Students 

June 20 — Summer Term Begins 

July 29 — Summer Term Ends 



Address all Summer School Correspondence to 

SAMUEL O. GRIMM, Registrar 

Mount Gretna Summer School 

ANNVILLE, PA. 



THE FACULTY 

GEORGE DANIEL GOSSARD, B.D, D.D. 
President 

JOHN EVANS LEHMAN, A.M., Sc.D. 

Professor of Mathematics 

HIRAM H. SHENK, A.M. 

Professor of History 

SAMUEL HOFFMAN DERICKSON, M.S. 

Professor of Biological Sciences 

SAMUEL O. GRIMM, B.Pd., A.M. 

Professor of Education and Mathematics 

CHRISTIAN R. GINGRICH, A.B., LL.B. 

Professor of Social Sciences 

MALCOLM M. HARING, A.M. 
Professor of Chemistry 

T. BAYARD BEATTY, A.M. 

Professor of English < 

R. R. BUTTERWICK, A.B., D.D. 
Professor of Bible and Philosophy 

WALTER E. SEVERANCE 
Professor of Latin and Education 

MARY C. GREEN 
Professor of French 

Committee in Charge of the Summer Session 

T. BAYARD BEATTY, Director 

C. R. GINGRICH, Secretary 

SAMUEL O. GRIMM, Registrar and Treasurer 
S. H. DERICKSON H. H. SHENK M. M. HARING 



80 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 



GENERAL INFORMATION 

The Mount Gretna Summer School is an extension of the work 
of Lebanon Valley College, authorized and approved by the 
trustees of the college and directed by the faculty. The sessions 
are held at Mount Gretna, Pennsylvania, in the buildings of -the 
Pennsylvania Chautauqua Association. The environment, the so- 
cial life of the resort, the opportunities for healthful recreation, 
as well as for quiet and effective study make this an ideal location 
for the Summer School. The courses are planned primarily for 
the following groups of men and women: 

I. Those who wish to complete their college entrance re- 
quirements. 

II. Those who desire to shorten the period of college residence 
or to make up deficiencies. 

III. Teachers of elementary schools, high-schools, and normal 
schools who seek advanced instruction with or without the idea 
of acquiring a degree. 

IV. Collegiate graduates who desire to acquire credits towards 
their master's degree. 

V. Other persons who desire collegiate instruction. 

ADMISSION AND ATTENDANCE 

There are no formal examinations for admission to the summer 
school. Students, both men and women, will be admitted to 
such courses as the respective instructors find them qualified 
to pursue with advantage. 

In order that the work may proceed with dispatch upon the 
opening of the term, it is urged that arrangements for registra- 
tion be made by mail. Applications for admission and registra- 
tion will be received by the registrar up to and including Friday, 
June 17, Annville, Pa. 

On Monday, June 20, and Tuesday, June 21, registration will 
be continued in the C. L. S. C. Building, Chautauqua Grounds, 
Mount Gretna. The registration hours will be from 1 p. m. to 
4 p. m. Since the number of students will necessarily be limited 
by the available accommodations, an early communication will 
insure the applicant reservation and a supply of necessary equip- 
ment. Classes will be open to all on June 20 and 21, but after 
June 21 they will be restricted to duly registered students. 

Regular exercises will begin promptly on June 20. Notice of 



BULLETIN 81 

any proposed addition or cancellation of courses must be re- 
ported at once in person at the Office of the Registrar. Students 
will be allowed, after securing the* consent of the Director, to 
make changes in their courses up to and including Tuesday, 
June 21, but after June 21 they will be permitted to make no 
changes whatever. Full credit will be given only for those 
courses for which students have registered and paid not later 
than June 21. Students registering June 22 to 30, inclusive, 
may receive half credit for the work done in any course ; but 
students entering after June 30 will receive no academic credit. 
A student attending any course is required to do the full work 
assigned to the class. Auditors are not admitted. Absence 
from class exercises may be excused only in case of illness. 

PROGRAM 

Exercises will be held every day in every subject, but no 
stated exercises will be held on Saturdays, with the exception of 
the first week, Saturday, June 25. Each course will consist of 
thirty lectures or other exercises, or their equivalent in laboratory 
or field work. 

Students are allowed to take one or more courses as they desire, 
although they are advised not to exceed six semester hours credit or 
the equivalent. A semester hour is the credit gained for a duly matric- 
ulated student upon the completion of an hour weekly for one acad- 
emic half year, or the equivalent thereof, unless otherwise specified. 
One hour of lecture or recitation, or two hours of laboratory work 
daily during the summer session will cover the requirements for two 
semester hours credit toward the Bachelor's degree, and in some cases 
towards the Master's degree. 

BUILDINGS AND GROUNDS 

The sessions are held at Mount Gretna, Pennsylvania, in the 
buildings of the Pennsylvania Chautauqua Association, situated 
on the grounds of the Association. These buildings, especially 
designed for educational work, contain commodious and well 
equipped class rooms and are located in the heart of the resort. 
It is through the kind and generous cooperation of the Penn- 
sylvania Chautauqua Association that the excellent facilities for 
educational work of that Association are placed at the disposal 
of the summer school. Adjoining the grounds of the Penn- 



82 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

sylvania Chautauqua Association are the grounds of the United 
Brethren in Christ Campmeeting Association. This resort of 
nearly five hundred cottages, scattered among the trees and 
shrubbery, accommodates a summer population of several thou- 
sand people. To the west of the grounds of the Chautauqua 
Association is the beautiful Lake Conewago which offers splendid 
facilities for bathing and boating. This lake is fed by pure 
mountain streams flowing from innumerable springs of the finest 
water to be found. The grounds also adjoin those of the military 
reservation of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, where en- 
campments, attended by thousands of soldiers, are held annually. 
Mount Gretna is situated on the Lebanon Branch of the Penn- 
sylvania Railroad, eleven miles from Conewago where it forms 
a junction with the main line. At Lebanon this railroad joins 
the Philadelphia and Reading, so that Mount Gretna is within 
commuting distance of Lebanon, Lancaster and Harrisburg. It 
is, moreover, easily accessible from these points by automobile, 
being located midway between the Lincoln Highway and the 
William Penn Highway. 

BIOLOGICAL ADVANTAGES 

Mount Gretna is a paradise for the Naturalist or Biologist. 
The opportunities for the study of inland forms of life are 
unlimited. An abundant variety of plant and animal associations 
and varied ecological conditions are accessible. The topography 
consists of mountains with a wide range of forest trees and 
shrubs, deep ravines, with cold mountain streams, carrying the 
pure spring water through densely vegetated swamps out into 
richly cultivated meadowlands. Old fields, once under cultivation 
and now reserved for military purposes, supply unusual types 
of uncultivated forms of life. The lake and ponds are rich in 
aquatic forms, some of which are very rare. The flora is rich 
in fungae, mosses, ferns and flowering plants. Over thirty 
species of ferns are found in the vicinity. Over one hundred 
species of flowering plants have been identified by classes in a 
single day's tramp. An herbarium of several hundred species 
may be «ollected in a season. 

Birds and insects are abundant both in species and numbers 
and in the summer season offer excellent opportunities for the 
study of breeding habits and life histories. 

All necessary equipment from the biological laboratories of the 
college will be transferred to a laboratory which has been pro- 
vided in the Hall of Philosophy at Mount Gretna. 



BULLETIN 83 

ENTERTAINMENT AND LECTURE COURSES 

During the Summer Sessions a series of lectures and enter- 
tainments, under the direction and supervision of the Summer 
School faculty and the Women's Auxiliary Society of the Penn- 
sylvania Chautauqua Association, will be offered to the public. 



THE BIBLE CONFERENCE 

The United Brethren Bible Conference, directed annually by 
many of the most noted Bible Teachers of the day, follows im- 
mediately after the close of the Summer School. This Con- 
ference is held on the grounds of the Campmeeting Association. 

FEES 

A matriculation fee of five ($5.00) dollars will be charged 
each student upon registration. 

Tuition will be charged at the rate of six ($6.00) dollars per 
semester hour credit. For courses in which no college credit 
is allowed tuition will be charged at the same rate; that is, 
for a course offered one hour per day the tuition for the course 
will be twelve ($12.00) dollars. Rates for special courses will 
be supplied upon application. 

Checks should be drawn for the exact amount of the bill and 
made payable to the order of the REGISTRAR, MOUNT GRET- 
NA SUMMER SCHOOL. 

BOARD AND ROOM 

A limited number of rooms will be supplied by the school at 
rates ranging from two ($2.00) dollars to four ($4.00) dollars 
per week. 

Rates for rooms and board outside of the school are as follows: 
Hotel Conewago Board and room — when two persons occupy the 
same room the rates will be $3.00 to $6.00 
each per day or $18 to $36.00 each per week. 
When a room is occupied by one person the rate 
will be $3.50 to $7.00 per' day or $21.00 to 
$42.00 per week. 

Chautauqua Inn Board and room — $16.00, $18.00 and $21.00 
per week or $3.50 per day. 



84 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

The Kauffman Rates for room and board vary from $12.00 to 
House $25.00 per week. All rooms have running ar- 

tesian water. Bungalows operated in connec- 
tion with the hotel may be rented. 
Campmeeting Board and room — $10.00 per week. 

Dining Room Board — $7.50 per week. 

DESCRIPTION OF COURSES 

BIOLOGY 

Professor Derickson 

s6. Nature Study. One hour per day. 

Two classes may be conducted in nature study, one for boys 
and girls from the public schools and another for adults. The 
aim of the course will be to familiarize the student with the forms 
of life with which they are surrounded and to acquaint them 
with their habits and associations. Assistance will be rendered 
those who desire to pursue special studies in any particular group 
of plants or animals. No college credit. 

s72. Methods of Teaching Nature Study. One hour per day. 

This course is intended for teachers or those preparing to teach 
Nature Study or Biology, who wish to increase their efficiency 
in presenting various forms of life and the principles of Biology 
to their classes. Practical demonstrations will be given and op- 
portunities for practice teaching may be had 'by those desiring 
college credit. Two semester hours credit may be earned. 

s81. Bird Study. One hour per day. 

About sixty species of birds may be studied in the immediate 
vicinity of Mount Gretna. The class will spend an hour or 
more each morning in the identification of species both by ap- 
pearance and by note. Special work in the study of feeding and 
nesting habits and distribution will be outlined for those desiring 
the same. Prepared skins will be at hand to assist in the closer 
study of the different species. A pair of opera or field glasses 
will be found very serviceable in the course. A limited number 
may be rented for the season from the laboratory. One semester 
hour credit. 

s92. Botany. One hour per day. 

This course will consist largely of field work supplemented by 
laboratory work. Structure of the plants and their relation to 
their environment will be studied and the plants identified with 
the aid of a key. Teachers of Botany will have an opportunity 
of becoming familiar with the summer flora and of collecting 



BULLETIN • 85 

and preserving much valuable material for use in their classes, 
A copy of Gray's Manual, Seventh Edition, will be needed for 
this course. Those desiring to prepare an herbarium should 
provide themselves with plant presses and driers. Herbarium 
materials, note books, museum bottles and reagents for fixing 
and preserving materials for sectioning, dissection or demonstra- 
tion can be purchased at the laboratory at cost. Two semester 
hours credit. 

CHEMISTRY 

Professor Haring 

sl2a. General Inorganic Chemistry. One hour per day. 

Text: Genera! Chemistry for Colleges, Alex. Smith. 

Two semester hours credit. Offered in 1921. 

sl2b. Genera! Inorganic Chemistry. One hour per day. 

Text: General Chemistry for Colleges, Alex. Smith. 

A continuation of sl2a. Offered in 1922. Pre-requisite sl2a. 
Two semester hours credit. 

s22. Theory of Analytic Chemistry. One hour per day. 

Text: Qualitative Chemical Analysis, Vol. I, Stieglitz 

Pre-requisites sl2a and si 2b. Two semester hours credit. 

s52a. Organic Chemistry. One hour per day. 

Text: Introduction to Organic Chemistry. Stoddard. 

Pre-requisites sl2a, sl2b and s22. Two semester hours credit. 

Offered in 1921. 

s52b. Organic Chemistry. One hour per day. 

Text: Introduction to Organic Chemistry, Stoddard. 

A continuation of s52a. Pre-requisite s52a. Two semester 
hours credit. Offered in 1922. 

s72a. Physical Chemistry. One hour per day. 

Text: Outlines of Theoretical Chemistry, Getman. 

Pre-requisites sl2a, sl2b, s22, s52a, and s52b. Two semester 
hours credit. Offered in 1922. 

NOTE. No laboratory work in Chemistry will be offered. 
Where courses listed carry laboratory work, full credit for the 
course will be given when such work has been successfully com- 
pleted in a college laboratory. 

ECONOMICS 

Professor Gingrich 
sl2. Economic Theory. One hour per day. 
A course in Economic theory covering the work of one sem- 



86 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

ester. Two semester hours credit. Offered in alternate years 
beginning in 1921. 

s22. Economic Problems. One hour per day. 

A study of practical economic problems continuing the work 
of Economics sl2, which is a prerequisite. Offered in alternate 
years beginning in 1922. Two semester hours credit. 

s32. Business Associations. One hour per day. 

A study of the several types of business associations, the 
liability of individuals and associations engaged in business and 
a practical consideration of modern business methods. Much 
time is given to the study of corporations. Offered in alternate 
years beginning in 1921. Economics sl2 and s22 pre-requisites. 
Two semester hours credit. 

s42. Uniform Business Law. One hour per day. 

This course offers a general survey of the practical phases of 
business law, emphasizing those subjects covered by uniform 
statutes. Offered in alternate years beginning in 1922. Econom- 
ics sl2 and s22 Pre-requisites. Two semester hours credit. 

s52. Money and Banking. One hour per day. 
The purpose of this course is to familiarize the student with the 
monetary history of the United States, the history of banks and 
banking, the methods of banks and clearing houses, and the 
laws relating to this subject. Economics sl2 and s22 pre-requi- 
sites. Two semester hours credit. This course will be offered 
only provided a sufficient number of students elect the same by 
arrangement with the instructor in advance of registration. 

ENGLISH 

Professor Beatty 

sl2. Public Speaking. One hour per day. 

This is a course in the fundamentals of effective speaking, 
the structure of the speech, training in delivery and the pre- 
sentation of selections. One semester hour credit. 

si 3. Dramatic Interpretation. One hour per day. 

This is a course in the vocal interpretation of several of 
Shakespeare's plays and of several modern dramas or one-act 
plays. If tkere are enough registrants for this course a modern 
play will bo presented at the close of the session. One semester 
h®ur credit. 



BULLETIN 87 

# 

s52a. American Literature. One hour per clay. 

This is a course in the history of American Literature with 
special emphasis on Emerson, Hawthorne and Whitman. Lec- 
tures, discussions and assigned readings. Two semester hours 
credit. 

s52t>. Revolutionary Literature, 1789-1825. One hour per day. 

This course covers the period of the Revolutionary and Roman- 
tic Writers with special emphasis on Godwin, Southey, Coleridge, 
Wordsworth, Shelly, Byron and Keats. Lectures and illustrative 
readings. Two semester hours credit. 

s62. Shakespeare. One hour per day. 

This is a course in the life and art of Shakespeare. Lectures, 
discussions and required reading. Two semester hours credit. 

s72. The Short Story. One hour per day. 

This course includes a brief history of the short story together 
with its characteristics as an art form. Exercises, theses and 
stories with discussion and conferences. Two semester hours 
credit. 

Scd. College Entrance English. One hour per day. 

This course is designed to prepare for College English. This 
course emphasizes composition and the reading of assigned 
classics. Lectures, discussion, themes and conferences. One-half 
unit credit. 

NOTE. Other courses will be given if there is a demand for 
them. Only those courses will be given in which there are at 
least six registrants. 

EDUCATION 

Professors Grimm and Severance 

sl2. History of Education. One hour per day. 

This course will be an analysis of the History of Education 
from the days of primitive man to the present day with speciai 
emphasis upon the work of Rousseau, Pestalozzi, Herbart, and 
Froebel as the forerunners of modern educational theories and 
practices. Two semester hours credit. 

s32. Principles of Secondary Education. One hour per day. 

This course will begin witk an intensive siudy of the history 
of public education in the United States to determine the insti- 
tutional origin of the American High School. Th« subsequent 



88 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

« 

work will concern itself with the educational principles that 
energize our present secondary school work. Two semester 
hours credit. 

s42. High School Administration. One hour per day. 

FRENCH 

Professor Green 

sa. Children's Course in Conversational French. One hour 

per day. 

The aim of this course is to enable children to understand to 
some extent the language when spoken, to form simple sentences, 
to memorize nursery rhymes and to play French games. No 
college credit. 

sb. Practical Course in French Conversation and Composition. 

One hour per day. 

The aim of this course is to give increased facility in speaking 
the language by means of the direct method. It is intended to 
aid those desiring to speak French without an intensive study 
of grammar. No college credit. 

sl2a. First Year French. One hour per day. 

This course includes a drill in French pronounciation and gram- 
mar with exercises in dictation and composition. Text: Thieme 
and Effinger's French Grammar. Course offered in 1921. Two- 
semester hours credit. 

sl2b. First Year French. One hour per day. 

A continuation of French sl2a and the reading of the following: 
La Belle France and La Poudrc aux ] yeux. Course offered in 
1922. Two semester hours credit. 

s22a. Second Year French. One hour per day. 

Advanced Composition, dictation and the reading and inter- 
pretation of the following classics : Madame Thercse and Lec- 
tures Historiques. Course offered in 1921. Two semester hours 
credit. 

s22b. Second Year French. One hour per day. 

Continuation of French s22a and the reading of the following 
classics: Standard French Authors and La Mare an diable* 
Course offered in 1922. Two semester hours credit. 



BULLETIN 89 

HISTORY 

Professor Shenk 

sl2. Pennsylvania in the Federal Union. One hour per day. 

A course in the History of the United States, with special 
reference to the part taken by Pennsylvania in the affairs of 
the Federal Government from 1789 to the Civil War. The course 
is especially adapted to meet the needs of teachers in the public 
schools of Pennsylvania. Two semester hours credit. 

s22. History of Modern Europe. One hour per day. 

A study of modern European History since the French Revo- 
lution. Turner's Europe 1789 to 1820 will 'be used as a text 
Two semester hours credit. 

Other Courses in History will be offered in case a sufficient 
number of students apply. 

MATHEMATICS 

Professors Lehman and Grimm 

si. Elementary and Intermediate Algebra. One hour per day. 
The course is arranged to meet college entrance requirements. 
No college credit. 

s22. Plane Trigonometry. One hour per day. 

Covers trigonometric functions as ratios. Proofs of the prin- 
cipal formulae and transformation of trigonometric expressions 
by means of these formulae. Solution of trigonometric equa- 
tions, theory and use of logarithms and the solution of right 
and oblique triangles. Two semester hours credit. 

s32. Analytical Geometry. One hour per day. 

This course will be an intensive consideration of the graphic 
representation of algebraic expressions and will have a some- 
what technical bent to relate itself as closely as possible to the 
needs of the technical student. Two semester hours credit. 

s42. Differential Calculus. One hour per day. 

This course will be an intensive study of that basic process, 
Differentiation, and will endeavor to lay a firm foundation for a 
subsequent study of Integration. It will, therefore, be valuable 
for the student intending to pursue technical study. Two semester 
hours credit. 



90 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

PHILOSOPHY 

Professor Butterwick 

sl2. Psychology. One hour per day. 

Special emphasis will be placed upon the application of psycho- 
logical laws to practical life and the implications of the same 
laws to school room procedure. Two semester hours credit. 

s22. Introduction to Philosophy One hour per day. 

A study of representative philosophical writings. Two sem- 
ester hours credit. 

s52. Ethics. One hour per day. 

This course will be primarily constructive and critical, and 
historical only in so far as its constructive purpose demands. 
Two semester hours credit. 

s72. Child Psychology. One hour p«r day. 

This course will be a presentation of the History of Child 
Psychology, the attending theories as to the nature of the Child 
Mind, and the development of these theories into the modern 
principles of Child Psychology. Two semester hours credit. 

POLITICAL SCIENCE 

Professor Gingrich 

sl2. Constitutional' Law. One hour per day.. 

A course designed to give the student a working knowledge 
of the fundamental laws of Federal and State Government. The 
course is devoted largely to the study of leading cases. Offered 
in alternate years beginning in 1921. Two semester hours credit. 

s22. Political Science. One hour per day. 

A study of various theories of the State and the structure and 
province of government. Offered in alternate years beginning 
in 1920. Two semester hours credit. 

SOCIOLOGY 

Professor Gingrich 

sl2. Sociology. One hour per day. 

The course is intended to give the student an understanding 
of the various theories of society together with the place of 
Sociology in the general field of learning. Modern social problems 
are considered at length. Two semester hours credit. 

NOTE. Courses listed in the Annual Catalogue and not men- 
Honed above in the description of courses may be offered, pro- 
vided that six or more students request the same. 



BULLETIN 91 

REGISTER OF STUDENTS 

* Taking work in other departments, 

GRADUATE STUDENTS 

Hallman, George W., A. B.Lebanon Lebanon, Pa. 

Sheaffer, Harry E., A. B.. . Avon Lebanon, Pa. 

SENIORS 

Name Post Office County and State 

Angus, Ethel I Conemaugh Cambria, Pa. 

Blauch, Harry W Annville Lebanon, Pa. 

Bomberger, Ida M Lebanon Lebanon, Pa. 

Bortner, Mary Elizabeth . . York York, Pa. 

Cretzinger, John I Duncannon Perry, Pa. 

Darling, Olive E Chandler's Valley ..Warren, Pa. 

Daugherty, C. R Lebanon Lebanon, Pa. 

Dietz, Grace Marie Mt. Joy Lancaster, Pa. 

Duncan, Raymond L Highspire Dauphin, Pa. 

Emenheiser, B. F Thurmont Frederick, Md. 

Farrell, Orin J Philipsburg Center, Pa. 

Fencil, Gladys M Annville Lebanon, Pa. 

Garver, Sara E Lebanon Lebanon, Pa. 

Gingrich, Earl S Lebanon Lebanon, Pa. 

Haas, Ammon Annville Lebanon, Pa. 

Happel, Christine Lebanon Lebanon, Pa. 

Hastings, Edgar C Hjghspire Dauphin, Pa. 

Heiss, Elwood Shermansdale Perry, Pa. 

Hess, Harold G Middletown Dauphin, Pa. 

Miller, Esther E Lebanon Lebanon, Pa. 

Miller, Mabel V Reading Berks, Pa. 

Moore, Guy W Lebanon Lebanon, Pa. 

Nitrauer, Grant W Highspire Dauphin, Pa. 

Sherk, Cyrus B Annville Lebanon, Pa. 

Shettel, Mary E York York, Pa. 

Spessard, Orville T East Waterford . . . Juniata, Pa. 

Stager, Edith V Lebanon Lebanon, Pa. 

Uhler, Russell W Lebanon Lebanon, Pa. 

Wolfersberger, Jacob Annville Lebanon, Pa. 

JUNIORS 

Bender, Harold B Annville Lebanon, Pa. 

Bowman, J. Russell.. Lebanon Lebanon, Pa. 



92 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

Burbeck, Meta C Reading Berks, Pa. 

Cassel, Miriam C Hummelstown .... Dauphin, Pa. 

Daugherty, J. D wight Harrisburg Dauphin, Pa. 

Engle, Dorothy Hershey. . . Harrisburg Dauphin, Pa. 

Fake, Norman I Hopeland Lancaster, Pa„ 

Gingrich, Gertrude Lebanon Lebanon, Pa. 

Gingrich. James L Lebanon Lebanon, Pa. 

Hartz, Ethel I Hummelstown Dauphin, Pa. 

Heffelman, Marian V New Cumberland ...Dauphin, Pa. 

Herr, S. Meyer Annville Lebanon, Pa. 

Hershey, Josephine L Myerstown Lebanon, Pa. 

Hibbs, Erne M Morrisville Bucks, Pa. 

Hiester, Ruth Virginia. . . . Annville Lebanon, Pa. 

Homan, Ralph Lebanon Lebanon, Pa. 

Kreider, Rodney P Annville Lebanon, Pa. 

Lehman, Ethel M Hummelstown Dauphin, Pa. 

Lerew, Erdean M Dillsburg York, Pa. 

Miller, Adam D Annville Lebanon, Pa. 

Ness, Paul Yoe York, Pa. 

Renn, Roland R Harrisburg Dauphin, Pa. 

Rhoad, Edwin M Annville Lebanon, Pa. 

Seltzer, James Howard. ... East Downingtown .Chester, Pa. 

Shadel, Russel O Williamstown Dauphin, Pa. 

Snider, John W Chambersburg Franklin, Pa. 

Stabley, Rufus Rhodes Dallastown York, Pa. 

Stern, Anna E Elizabethtown Lancaster, Pa. 

Stine, Josephine L Mont Alto Franklin, Pa. 

Swank, Ruel E Linville Depot Rockingham, Va. 

VandenBosche, E. Gaston. California Washington, Pa. 

SOPHOMORES 

Angell, Lena E Taneytown Carrol, Md. 

Arnold, J. H E. Mauch Chunk . . . Carbon, Pa. ' 

Beattie, William H Greencastle Franklin, Pa. 

Bortz, Alta B Lebanon Lebanon, Pa. 

Boyer, Ralph E York York, Pa. 

Brunner, Esther Sophia. . . . New Bloomfield Perry, Pa. 

Ensminger, Paul Suavely. . Palmyra Lebanon, Pa. 

Fake, Earl E Reading Berks, Pa. 

Fake, Warren H Pine Grove Schuylkill, Pa. 

Faust, Guy Deckert Collingdale Delaware, Pa. 

Fencil, Dorothy H Annville Lebanon, Pa. 



BULLETIN 93 

Gingrich, Martha R Palmyra Lebanon, Pa. 

Glenn, Maryland L Red Lion York, Pa. 

Heckman, Oliver S Lemaster Franklin, Pa. 

Herr, Delia Annville Lebanon, Pa. 

Hess, Verna L Middletown Dauphin, Pa. 

Hiester, Mary Frances. ... Annville Lebanon, Pa. 

Hiser, Carl William Petersburg Grant, W. Va. 

Hoerner, Charles D Hummelstown Dauphin, Pa. 

Hohl, George O Pitman Schuylkill, Pa. 

Horine, Dawson Baltimore Baltimore, Md. 

Hughes, Helen M York York, Pa. 

Hutchinson, John Raymond Paradise Lancaster, Pa. 

Kratzert, Kathryn Littlestown Adams, Pa. 

Kreider, Warren B Lebanon Lebanon, Pa. 

Leidich, Ray D Tremont Schuylkill, Pa. 

Long, Anna E Lebanon Lebanon. Pa. 

Long, Kathryn M Lebanon Lebanon, Pa. 

Lutz, Harold Thompson.. . Chambersburg Franklin, Pa. 

Lutz, Robert Walter Chambersburg Franklin, Pa. 

MacDonald, Joseph R Swatara Station Dauphin, Pa. 

Matchton, David Mathews. Hartford Hartford, Conn. 

Merchitis, Agnes L Minersville Schuylkill, Pa. 

Miller, E. E Windsor Burke, N. C. 

Miller, Raymond E Palmyra Lebanon, Pa. 

Morrow, Hazel Mae Duncannon Perry, Pa. 

Mutch, Heber R Ephrata Lancaster, Pa 

Oberholtzer, Raymond M. Lebanon Lebanon, Pa. 

Reeves, C. Mae Highspire Dauphin, Pa 

Risser, Norman E Lititz Lancaster, Pa. 

Ruth, Ira M Sinking Springs ...Berks, Pa. 

Sheaffer, Eleanor F Steelton Dauphin, p a 

Shenk, S. Lucile Annville Lebanon, Pa. 

Smith, Elizabeth M Robesonia Berks, Pa. 

Smith, Richard H Tremont Schuylkill, Pa. 

Wenner, John Alfred Wilkesbarre Luzerne, Pa. 

Wenner, William F Wilkesbarre Luzerne, Pa. 

Williard, Lester F Shamokin Northumberland, Pa. 

Witmer, Robert Leon Lemoyne Cumberland, Pa. 

FRESHMEN 

Anderson, Claude S Lebanon Lebanon, Pa. 

Bachman, Carl M Middletown Dauphin, Pa. 



94 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

Baker, Edna Romame. . . . Strasburg Warren, Va. 

Balsbaugh, Edward U Swatara Station ... Dauphin, Pa. 

Balsbaugh, Kathrin B Swatara Station ...Dauphin, Pa. 

Baltzell, Rolfe E New York New York, N. Y.. 

Beck, Ferdinand L Harrisburg Dauphin, Pa. 

Behm, Park H Annville Lebanon, Pa. 

Behman, Russel Steelton Dauphin, Pa. 

Berker, F. W Steelton Dauphin, Pa. 

Biecher, George Rissor Lebanon Lebanon, Pa. 

Billet, Dora Mae Harrisburg Dauphin, Pa. 

Boltz, Daniel W Annville Lebanon, Pa. 

Bomgardner, Simon Peter. Quentin Lebanon, Pa. 

Boyer, Clayton P Cornwall Lebanon, Pa. 

Brown, Elsie G Martinsburg Berkley, W. Va. 

Brubaker, Earl A Lebanon Lebanon, Pa. 

Carpenter, Frank Lebanon . , Lebanon, Pa. 

Channing, Gilbert C California Washington, Pa. 

Clifford, John M Easthampton Middlesex, Mass.. 

Cohen, Reuben Hartford Hartford, Conn. 

Cooley, Gladstone P Reliance Warren, Va. 

D'Addario, Mario J Eriton Clearfield, Pa. 

Dowhower, Leroy B Swatara Station ...Dauphin, Pa. 

Drummond, Cynthia Harrisburg Dauphin, Pa. 

Dundoff, George Harrisburg Dauphin, Pa. 

Edris, Vergina Myerstown Lebanon, Pa. 

Evans, Guy Warren Palmyra Lebanon, Pa. 

Evans, S. Donald Lebanon Lebanon, Pa. 

Farison, Donald B Napoleon Henry, Ohio. 

Fegan, Mary E Lebanon Lebanon, Pa. 

Fencil, Calvin Fisher Annville Lebanon, Pa. 

Fields, Donald E Lebanon Lebanon, Pa. 

Funck, Arthur John Lebanon Lebanon, Pa. 

Gallagher, Michael AloysasHazelton Luzerne, Pa. 

Ga rland , Claude O California Washington, Pa. 

Glick, James Alexander. .. Chester Chester, Pa. 

Gough, Bernard James New Haven New Haven, ConriL 

Gribble, Louis H South Brownsville ..Fayette, Pa. 

Harpel, Ruth Caroline Lebanon Lebanon, Pa. 

Heindel, Rachael Naomi. . Red Lion York, Pa. 

Hershey, Mary Bernice . . . Myerstown Lebanon, Pa. 

Hershey, Paul Hershey Dauphin, Pa. 

Hill, Howard C California Washington, Pa. 



BULLETIN 95 

Homan, Henry L Lebanon Lebanon, Pa. 

Hovis, John E Rouzerville Franklin, Pa. 

Humelbaugh, Katharine . . Frederick Frederick, Md. 

Hummer, Charle« L Linglestown Dauphin, Pa. 

Hynson, Robert C Lebanon Lebanon, Pa. 

Irwin, Walter K Pittsburgh Allegheny, Pa. 

Kleintop, Milton T Kunkletown Monroe, Pa. 

Kreider, Mildred Ruth . . . Harrisburg Dauphin, Pa. 

Leber, Charles Curvin Red Lion York, Pa. 

Lindenmuth, Irene Lebanon Lebanon, Pa. 

Mader, David Elias Lebanon Lebanon, Pa. 

Maier, Grace Ida White Haven Luzerne, Pa. 

Martin, Ralph E Rouzerville Franklin, Pa. 

Matuszak, Maryan Piotr..Hyde Park Westmoreland, Pa. 

Mealey, Helen Louise New Market Frederick, Pa. 

Miller, Armand J Lebanon Lebanon, Pa. 

Miller, Esther L Lebanon Lebanon, Pa. 

Noll, Anna Palmyra Lebanon, Pa. 

Oyer, Ruth H Shippensburg Cumberland, Pa. 

Rice, Mabel Annville Lebanon, Pa. 

Riedel, Charles Emory .... Dallastown York, Pa. 

Rupp, Claude E Harrisburg Dauphin, Pa. 

Schell, Henry H Mt. Aetna Berks, Pa. 

Shader, Ralph Foster Harrisburg Dauphin, Pa. 

Sholly, Dorothy M Annville Lebanon, Pa. 

Sief ried, Florence M Columbia Lancaster, Pa. 

Singer, Esther Anna Ephrata Lancaster, Pa. 

Smith, Benton P Royalton Dauphin, Pa. 

Smith, Charles Clair Windsor York, Pa. 

Smith, Laura M Lititz Lancaster, Pa. 

Spangler, Roy W ..Annville Lebanon, Pa. 

Stabley, El wood Curran. . . Red Lion York, Pa. 

Stauffer, Richard E Lebanon Lebanon, Pa. 

Stauffer,' Rosa New Holland Lancaster, Pa. 

Steiss, Marie E Bradford McKean, Pa. 

Strickler, Laura Mae Mt. Joy Lancaster, Pa. 

Swanger, Murray L Mowersville Franklin, Pa. 

Tracy, Charles O Blue Ridge Summit. Franklin, Pa. 

Trautman, Raymond D. . . Reading Berks, Pa. 

Underkoffler, Vincent K. . . Lebanon Lebanon, Pa. 

Van de Sande, Theodore. Lebanon Lebanon, Pa. 

Weiser, Wilbur R Red Lion York, Pa. 



96 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

Weisman, Lena A Emlenton Venango, Pa. 

Whistler, Edgar M Altoona Blair, Pa. 

Whitman, Florence M . . . . Elizabethville Dauphin, Pa. 

Wolfe, Porte H Lebanon Lebanon, Pa. 

Wolf, Walter Francis Hartford Hartford, Conn. 

Wrightstone, Eugene R. . . Mechanicsburg Cumberland, Pa. 

Wueschinski, William A..Steelton Dauphin, Pa. 

Yake, Edna Mae Annville Lebanon, Pa. 

Yake, Robert C Annville Lebanon, Pa. 

Yinger, Mary Columbia Lancaster, Pa. 

SPECIALS 

Hoffman, Harper Light. . .Jonestown Lebanon, Pa. 

*Raab, Minerva V Dallastown York, Pa. 

Richwine, George H Camphill Cumberland, Pa. 

*Seitz, Pearl R Red Lion York, Pa. 

*Witmeyer, Emma Annville Lebanon, Pa. 

ACADEMY STUDENTS 

Abud, Jose Merida Yucatan, Mexico. 

Bedsworth, Lulu L Baltimore Baltimore, Md. 

Behm, Ellen B Palmyra Lebanon, Pa. 

Bressler, Elias D Lebanon Lebanon, Pa. 

Cohen, Alex H Lebanon Lebanon, Pa. 

Canovas, Lamberto Matauzas Matauzas, Cuba. 

Danker, Joseph Haze^ton Luzerne, Pa. 

Darcas, Mae Lickdale Lebanon, Pa. 

Finn, Raymond J Hartford Conn. 

Frank, John J Lykens Dauphin, Pa. 

Gilham, Neil Herbert Shamokin Northumberland, Pa. 

Goyeneche, Alexander Malaga Santander, Colombia. 

Groh, Maggie Lickdale Lebanon, Pa. 

Hauck, Ray G Lebanon Lebanon, Pa. 

Herb, Ray C Tremont Schuylkill, Pa. 

Hidalgo, Rodalfo Esc jbar. Camaguey Camaguey, Cuba. 

Hopple, Elizabeth M Lebanon Lebanon, Pa. 

Jimenez, Luis H Camaguey Camaguey, Cuba. 

Kantz, Robert J Lebanon Lebanon, Pa. 

Lanzardo, Maris Jaruco Habana, Cuba. 

Leffler, Earl Annville Lebanon, Pa. 

Lengle, Blanche Lancaster Lancaster, Pa. 

Potteiger, Theodore R... Lebanon Lebanon, Pa. 



BULLETIN 97 

Raudenbush, May Esther . .Reading Berks, Pa. 

Rhinehart, Paul E Baltimore Baltimore, Md. 

Rodrigues, Andres Chapparral Falima, Colombia. 

Ruiz, Camillo Merido Yucatan, Mexico. 

Stehman, Anna Mae Manheim Lancaster, Pa. 

Stehman, John Nissley . . . Manheim Lancaster, Pa. 

Swanger, Mrs. Edna Mowersville Franklin, Pa. 

Trout, Ida E Lancaster Lancaster, Pa. 

Wolfe, William Edward ..Lebanon Lebanon, Pa. 

Ziegler, Roy R Annville Lebanon, Pa. 

STUDENTS IN ORATORY 

SENIORS 

♦Hummelbaugh, Katharine Frederick, Md. 

♦Miller, Mabel V Reading, Pa. 

♦Stager, Edith V Lebanon, Pa. 

SPECIALS 

♦Darling, Olive E ....Chandler's Valley, Pa. 

♦Heindel, Rachael Red Lion, Pa. 

*Herr S. Meyer Annville, Pa. 

♦Hershey, Josephine L Myerstown, Pa. 

♦Hiester, Ruth V Annville, Pa. 

*Kratzert, Kathryn Littlestown, Pa. 

♦Morrow, Hazel Mae Duncannon, Pa. 

♦Reeves, C. Mae Highspire, Pa. 

♦Shenk, S. Lucile Annville, Pa. 

♦Stehman, Anna Mae Manheim, Pa. 

*Stern, Anna E Elizabethtown, Pa. 

CONSERVATORY OF MUSIC 
SENIORS 

Englehardt, Catharine (Piano) Lebanon, Pa. 

Moeckel, Sara ( Piano) Lebanon, Pa. 

Swartzbaugh, Beulah ..(Organ and Pub. Sch. Music) . .Hanover, Pa. 
Witmeyer, Emma (Pub. Sch. Music) . . Annvile, Pa. 

JUNIORS 

Gingrich, Mrs. C. R....(Pub. Sch. Music) ..Annville, Pa. 
Raab, Minerva (Piano and Organ) . Dallastown, Pa. 



98 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

Seitz, Pearl (Voice) Red Lion, Pa. 

Stark, Florence (Piano) Glen Rock, Pa. 

Tittle, Edna (Pub. Sch. Music) ..Lebanon, Pa. 

SOPHOMORES . 

Pell, Verna (Piano) Lykens, Pa. 

Thomas, Mrs. F. W (Piano) Middletown, Pa. 

SPECIALS 

♦Arnold, J. H (Voice) East Mauch Chunk, Pa. 

♦Baltzell, Rolph (Violin) New York City, N. Y. 

Bender, Ralph (Piano) Annville, Pa. 

*Boyer, Ralph (Voice) York, Pa. 

*Bressler, Elias (Voice) Lebanon, Pa. 

♦Billett, Dora (Organ) Harrisburg, Pa. 

*Brown, Elsie (Voice) Martinsburg, W. Va. 

Butterwick, Florence I. (Piano) Allentown, Pa. 

*Cretzinger, J. I (Voice) Duncannon, Pa. 

Deck, Mabel (Piano) Jonestown, Pa. 

Daugherty, Roland (Violin) Annville, Pa. 

Eshelman, Helen (Piano) Hershey, Pa. 

*Evans, S. Donald (Voice) Lebanon, Pa. 

*J. J. Frank (Voice) Lykens, Pa. 

*Fields, Donald E (Organ) Lebanon, Pa. 

Fisher, Robert (Violin) Annville, Pa. 

Gossard, Mary (Piano) Annville, Pa. 

Kreider, Mrs. G. R. Jr. (Voice) Annville, Pa. 

Hall, Eleanor (Piano) Lebanon, Pa. 

Harlan, Anna (Voice) Hershey, Pa. 

Hartz, Mary (Piano) Annville, Pa. 

Harrison, Madaline ...(Voice) Lebanon, Pa. 

Harnish, Mrs. C. F (Organ) Palmyra, Pa. 

Heilman, Harry (Voice) Annville, Pa. 

Heilman, Paul ( Piano) Annville, Pa. 

*Hershey, Mary (Voice) Myerstown, Pa. 

*Hoerner, Charles (Violin) Hummelstown, Pa. 

Imboden, Eva (Piano) Hershey, Pa. 

Kreider, Kathryn (Violin) Palmyra, Pa. 

Kreider, Grace (Piano) Annville, Pa. 

Krick, Kathryn (Piano) Richland, Pa. 

Kettering, Elizabeth (Piano) Annville, Pa. 

Kettering, Ruth (Piano) Annville, Pa. 



BULLETIN 99 

Kettering, Claire (Piano) Annville, Pa. 

Kettering, Michael .... (Piano) Annville, Pa. 

Kelchner, Albert (Piano) Annville, Pa. 

Light, Marion ( Piano) Lebanon, Pa. 

♦Leber, C. C (Voice) Red Lion, Pa. 

*Maier, Grace (Voice) White Haven, Pa. 

*Mealey, Helen ( Piano) New Market, Md. 

Meyer, Emma (Piano) Annville, Pa. 

♦Miller, Mabel (Voice) Reading, Pa. 

Rees, Marie (Piano) Millersville, Pa. 

Renninger, Naomi ..... ( Piano) Hershey, Pa. 

♦Rhoad, Edwin (Piano) Annville, Pa. 

Runkle, Eva (Voice) Hershey, Pa. 

*Ruth, Ira (Organ) Sinking Springs, Pa. 

Saylor, Gardner (Piano) Annville, Pa. 

Silberman, Minnie (Piano) Lebanon, Pa. 

Silberman, Lynette (Voice) Lebanon, Pa. 

Slesser, Beatrice (Piano) Palmyra, Pa. 

*Stehman, Anna Mae . (Voice) Manheim, Pa. 

*Sholly, Dorothy (Voice) Annville, Pa. 

Shroyer, Mrs. Lillie K. (Organ) Annville, Pa. 

Stager, Blanche (Piano) Lebanon, Pa. 

*Troutman, Raymond .(Violin) Reading, Pa. 

*Yake, Edna (Voice) Annville, Pa. 

*Yinger, Mary (Voice) .....Columbia, Pa. 

Yingst, Grace x (Piano) Lebanon, Pa. 

Wiley, Neva (Piano) Hershey, Pa. 

DEGREES CONFERRED JUNE 9, 1920 

Doctor of Divinity 

Showers, Russel S Bradford, Pa. 

Lehman, Arthur S Hummelstown, Pa. 

Doctor of Science 

Hoffer, George N., '09, U. S. Department of Agriculture, 
Washington, D. C. 

Doctor of Music 

Hershey, Urban H. '95, York, Pa. 

Master of Arts 

Longenecker, Christian R. '17, Palmyra, Pa. 



100 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 



Bachelor of Arts 

Allen, Edward P Pomfret, Conn. 

Bachman, Earl S Middletown, Pa. 

Bechtold, Warren Reading, Pa. 

Berger, John L Columbia, Pa. 

Behney, Bessie B Fredericksburg, Pa. 

Crim, Harry M Gerardstown, W. Va. 

Deibler, Walter Evans Annville, Pa. 

Evans, Ruth M Lebanon, Pa. 

Fink, Esther Mae Annville, Pa. 

Fink, Homer F Annville, Pa. 

Frost, Charles C Lebanon, Pa. 

Hagy, Solomon L Schoeneck, Pa. 

Hartman, Charles C Rouzerville, Pa. 

Hohl, Mae S Pitman, Pa. 

v Hoffman, Ruth V Lebanon, Pa. 

Jackowick, Joseph A Baltimore, Md. 

Katerman, Harry W peinerton, Pa. 

Klinf elter, Claude B Cleona, Pa. 

Lefever, Myrtle M York, Pa. 

Light, Sara M Lebanon, Pa. 

Maulfair, Helena R Lebanon, Pa. 

McCauley, Ruby M Annville, Pa. 

McGinnes, John A Littlestown, Pa. 

Mease, Ralph T. Palmyra, Pa. 

Morrow, Robert B Duncannon, Pa. 

Mutch, Verna B Ephrata, Pa. 

Ruppenthal, H. P RerkeW Springs, W. Va 

Saylor, Myrl V Annville, Pa. 

Sebastian, Jennie S Reading, Pa. 

Smith, E. Virginia Reading, Pa. 

Snoke, Hubert R Shippensburg, Pa. 

Snyder, E. Myrtle Robesonia, Pa. 

Stine, Cawley H Fort Hunter, Pa. 

Strine, Huber D Manchester, Pa. 

Stumbaugh, Eldridge M Greencastle, Pa. 

Wine, Chester Harold Wilmington, Del. 

Yarrison, Guy R Carroll, Pa. 

Zeitlin, Dora Lehighton, Pa. 



BULLETIN 101 

Bachelor of Science 
Fishburn, Harvey W Ephrata, Pa. 

Degree Conferred September 17, 1920 

Beidel, F. Douglass (B.A.) Steelton, Pa. 

CONSERVATORY DIPLOMAS AND CERTIFICATES PRE- 
SENTED JUNE 9, 1920 

Herring, William I (Piano) Annville, Penna. 

Saylor, Myrl V (Certificate in Voice) .... Annville, Penna 

Walborn, Carrie M. .(Certificate in Piano) ....Lebanon, Penna. 

ACADEMY DIPLOMAS PRESENTED JUNE 9, 1920 

Berger, John L Columbia, Pa. 

Dunkle, Edwin R Beech Creek, Pa. 

Fortna, Raymond Lebanon, Pa. 

Hummer, Charles L Linglestown, Pa. 

Swanger, Murray L Mechanicsburg, Pa. 

Swank, Reuel E Linville Depot, Va. 

Wine, Chester Harold • Wilmington, Del. 

DIPLOMAS IN ORATORY PRESENTED JUNE 9, 1920 

Lef evre, Myrtle M. York, Pa. 

Maulfair, Helena R Lebanon, Pa. 

SUMMARY COLLEGIATE YEAR 1920-1921 

Graduate Students 2 

Seniors 29 

Juniors 31 

Sophomores 49 

Freshmen 96 

Specials 5 

Total in the College 212 

Academy S3 

Music 71 

Oratory 14 

Total enrollment in all departments 330 

Names repeated in Academy, Music and Oratory 40 

Net enrollment 290 



102 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 



INDEX 

Page 

Absences 17 

Academy 53 

Admission 54 

Courses 58 

Examinations 54 

Expenses • 55 

Students in 96 

Advisers 15 

Astronomy 32 

Bible 32 

Biology 32 

Board of Trustees 4 

Buildings and Grounds 12 

Calendar 2 

Carnegie Library 12 

Chapel 17 

Chemistry 35 

College Organizations 14 

Corporation 4 

Courses, College 28 

Outline of 28 

Description of 32 

Degrees Conferred 99 

Degree and Diploma \1 

Discipline 16 

Economics 37 

Education 37 

English 38 

Expenses, College 21 

Academy 55 

Summer School 79 

Department of Music 74 

Faculty, College 6 

Department of Music 64 



BULLETIN 103 

Page 

French Language and Literature ■ 40 

General Information 12 

Geologj 41 

German Language and Literature 41 

Graduate Work 18 

Greek Language and Literature 42 

History ! 43 

History of the College 8 

Laboratories 13 

Latin Language and Literature 43 

Limitations 17 

Mathematics 45 

Music Department 63 

Courses 65 

Oratory and Public Speaking 49 

Philosophy 46 

Physics 47 

Physical Culture 48 

Political Science • 48 

Religious Work , 13 

Register of Students, College 91 

Academy 96 

Department of Music 97 

Department of Oratory 97 

Graduate 91 

Specials 96 

Registration • 17 

Requirements for Admission, College 25 

Academy • 54 

Scholarships 18 

Sociology • 48 

Spanish 49 

Summer School 77