Vol. 8 (NEW SERIES) MARCH, 1921 No. 12
SUMMER SCHOOL NUMBER
19 2 1
LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE
Entered as second-class matter at Annville, Pa., under the Act of August 24, 1912
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Lebanon ^^allep College
Lebanon Valley College
Summer School Calendar
June 18, 20 and 21 — Registration of Students
June 20 — Summer Term Begins
July 29 — Summer Term Ends
ADDRESS ALL SUMMER SCHOOL CORRESPONDENCE TO
SAMUEL O. GRIMM, Registrar
MOUNT GRETNA SUMMER SCHOOL
GEORGE DANIEL GOSSARD, B.D., D.D.
JOHN EVANS LEHMAN, A.M., Sc.D.
Professor of Mathematics
HIRAM H. SHENK, A.M.
Professor of History
SAMUEL HOFFMAN DERICKSON, M.S.
Professor of Biological Sciences
SAMUEL O. GRIMM, B.Pd., A.M.
Professor of Education and Mathematics
CHRISTIAN R. GINGRICH, A.B., LL.B.
Professor of Social Sciences
MALCOLM M. HARING, A.M.
Professor of Chemistry
T. BAYARD BEATTY, A.M.
Professor of English
R. R. BUTTERWICK, A.B., D.D.
Professor of Bible and Philosophy
WALTER E. SEVERANCE, A.M.
Professor of Latin and Education
MARY C. GREEN
Professor of French
Committee in charge of the Summer Session
T. BAYARD BEATTY, Director
C. R. GINGRICH, Secretary
SAMUEL O. GRIMM, Registrar and Treasurer
S. H. DERICKSON H. H. SHENK M. M. HARING
THE Mount Gretna Summer School Is an extension of the
work of Lebanon Valley College, authorized and ap-
proved by the trustees of the college and directed by the
faculty. The sessions are held at Mount Gretna, Pennsylvania,
in the buildings of the Pennsylvania Chautauqua Association.
The environment, the social life of the resort, the opportunities
for healthful recreation, as well as for quiet and effective study
make this an ideal location for the Summer School. The
courses are planned primarily for the following groups of men
I. Those who wish to complete their college entrance re-
II. Those who desire to shorten the period of college resi-
dence or to make up deficiencies.
III. Teachers of Elementary schools, high schools, and nor-
mal schools who seek advanced instruction with or without the
idea of acquiring a degree.
l\\ Collegiate graduates who desire to acquire credits
towards their master's degree.
V. Other persons who desire collegiate instruction.
ADMISSION AND ATTENDANCE
There are no formal examinations for admission to the summer
school. Students, both men and women, will be admitted to such
courses as the respective instructors find them qualified to pursue
In order that the work may proceed with dispatch upon the
opening of the term, it is urged that arrangements for registra-
tion be made by mail. Applications for admission and registra-
tion will be received by the Registrar up to and including Satur-
day, June 18; address, Annville, Pa.
On Monday, June 20, and Tuesday, June 21, registration will
be continued in the C. L. S. C. Building, Chautauqua Grounds,
Mount Gretna. The registration hours will be from 1 P. M. to
6 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE
4. P. M. Since the number of students will necessarily be
limited by the accommodations available, an early communi-
cation will insure the applicant reservation and a supply of
necessary equipment. Classes will be open to all on June 20 and
21, but after June 21 they will be restricted to duly registered
Regular exercises will begin promptly on June 20. Notice of
any proposed addition or cancellation of courses must be re-
ported at once in person at the Office of the Registrar. Students
will be allowed, after securing the consent of the Director, to
make changes in their courses up to and including Tuesday,
June 21, but after June 21 they will be permitted to make no
changes whatever. Full credit will be given only for those courses
for w^hich students have registered and paid not later than June
21. Students registering June 22 to 30, inclusive, may receive
half credit for the work done in any course; but students enter-
ing after June 30 will receive no academic credit. A student at-
tending any course is required to do the full work assigned to
the class; auditors are not admitted. Absence from class exer-
cises may be excused only in case of illness.
Exercises will be held every day in every subject, but no stated
exercises w411 be held on Saturdays, with the exception of the
first week, Saturday, June 25. Each course will consist of thirty
lectures or other exercises, or their equivalent in laboratory or
Students are allowed to take one or more courses as they de-
sire, although they are advised not to exceed six credits. All
courses are assigned a certain number of tuition points and most
courses have a credit value. A point is the credit gained for a
duly matriculated student upon the completion of an hour
weekly for one academic half year, or the equivalent thereof, un-
less otherwise specified, and is designated a semester hour credit.
One hour of lecture or recitation, or two hours of laboratory
work daily during the summer session will cover the require-
ments for two semester hours towards the bachelor's degree, and
in some cases towards the master's degree.
MT. GRETNA SUMMER SCHOOL 7
BUILDINGS AND GROUNDS
The sessions are held at Mount Gretna, Pennsylvania, in the
buildings of the Pennsylvania Chautauqua Association, situated
on the grounds of the Association. These buildings, especially
designed for educational work, contain commodious and well
equipped class rooms and are located in the heart of the resort.
It is through the kind and generous cooperation of the Pennsyl-
vania Chautauqua Association that the excellent facilities for edu-
cational work of that Association are placed at the disposal of the
summer school. Adjoining the grounds of the Pennsylvania
Chautauqua Association are grounds of the Campmeeting Asso-
ciation of the United Brethren in Christ. This resort of nearly
five hundred cottages, scattered among the trees and shrubbery,
accommodate a summer population of several thousand people.
To the west of the grounds of the Chautauqua Association is the
beautiful Lake Conewago which offers splendid facilities for
bathing and boating. This lake is fed by pure mountain streams
flowing from innumerable springs of the finest water to be found.
The grounds also adjoin those of the military reservation of the
Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, w^here encampments, attended
by thousands of soldiers are held annually.
Mount Gretna is situated on the Lebanon Branch of the
Pennsylvania Railroad, eleven miles from Conewago where it
forms a junction with the main line. At Lebanon this railroad
LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE
joins the Philadelphia and Reading, so that Mount Gretna is
within commuting distance of Lebanon, Lancaster and Harris-
burg. It is, moreover, easily accessible from these points by
automobile, being located midway between the Lincoln Highway
and the William Penn Highway.
Mount Gretna is a paradise for the Naturalist or Biologist.
The opportunities for the study of inland forms of life are un-
limited. An abundant variety of plant and animal associations
and varied ecological conditions are accessible. The topography
consists of mountains with a wide range of forest trees and shrubs,
deep ravines, with cold mountain streams, carrying the pure
spring water through densely vegetated swamps out into richly
cultivated meadowlands. Old fields, once under cultivation and
now reserved for military purposes, supply unusual types of
uncultivated forms of life. The lake and ponds are rich in aquatic
forms, some of which are very rare. The flora is rich in fungae,
mosses, ferns and flowering plants. Over thirty species of ferns
are found in the vicinity. Over one hundred species of flowering
plants have been identified by classes in a single day's tramp.
An herbarium of several hundred species may be collected in a
Birds and insects are abundant both in species and numbers
MT. GRETNA SUMMER SCHOOL 9
and in the summer season offer excellent opportunities for the
study of breeding habits and life histories.
All necessary equipment from the biological laboratories of
the college will be transferred to a laboratory which has been
provided in the Hall of Philosophy at Mount Gretna.
ENTERTAINMENT AND LECTURE COURSES
During the Summer Session a series of lectures and entertain-
ments, under the direction and supervision of the Summer
School faculty and the Women's Auxiliary Society of the Penn-
sylvania Chautauqua Association, will be offered to the public.
THE BIBLE CONFERENCE
The United Brethren Bible Conference, directed annually by
many of the most noted Bible teachers of the day, follows im-
mediately after the close of the Summer School. This Confer-
ence is held on the grounds of the Campmeeting Association.
A matriculation fee of five dollars ($5.00) will be charged each
student upon registration.
Tuition will be charged at the rate of six dollars ($6.00) per
semester hour credit. For courses in which no college credit it
allowed tuition will be charged at the same rate; that is, for a
course offered one hour per day the tuition for the course will be
twelve dollars ($12.00). Rates for special courses will be supplied
Checks should be drawn for the exact amount of the bill and
made payable to the order of the REGISTRAR,— MOUNT
GRETNA SUMMER SCHOOL.
BOARD AND ROOM
A limited number of rooms will be supplied by the school at
rates ranging from two dollars ($2.00) to four dollars ($4.00)
Rates for rooms and board outside of the school are as follows:
Hotel Conewago — Board and room — When two persons
occupy the same room the rates will be $3.00 to $6.00 each per
day or $18.00 to $36.00 each per week.
LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE
When a room is occupied by one person the rates will be $3.50
to $7.00 per day or $2L00 to $42.00 per week.
Chautauqua Inn — Board and room — $16.00, $18.00 and
$21.00 per week, $3.50 per day.
The Kauffman House — Rates for room and board vary
from $12.00 to $25.00 per week. All rooms have running ar-
tesian water. Bungalows operated in connection with the hotel
may be rented.
Gretna Hall — Board and room, $10.00 per week. Boarding
only, $7.50 per week. Meal tickets at special rates.
AIT. GRETNA SUMMER SCHOOL 11
Description of Courses
s-6 — Nature Study — One hour per day. Two classes may be
conducted in nature study, one for boys and girls from the pubhc
schools and another for adults. The aim of the course will be to
familiarize the student with the forms of life with w^hich they are
surrounded and to acquaint them with their habits and asso-
ciations. Assistance will be rendered those who desire to pur-
sue special studies in any particular group of plants or animals.
No college credit.
s-72 — Methods of Teaching Nature Study — One hour per
day. This course is intended for teachers or those preparing to
teach Nature Study or Biology, who w^ish to increase their effi-
ciency in presenting various forms of life and the principles of
Biology to their classes. Practical demonstrations will be given
and opportunities for practice teaching may be had by those
desiring college credit. Two semester hours credit may be earned.
s-81 — Bird Study — One hour per day. About sixty species
cf birds may be studied in the immediate vicinity of Mount
Gretna. The class will spend an hour or more each morning in
the identification of species both by appearance and by note.
Special work in the study of feeding and nesting habits and dis-
tribution will be outlined for those desiring the same. Prepared
skins w^ill be at hand to assist in the closer study of the different
species. A pair of opera or field glasses w^ill be found ver}^ service-
able in the course. A limited number may be rented for the
season from the laboratory. One semester hour credit.
s-92 — Botany — One hour per day. This course will consist
largely of field work supplemented by laboratory work. Structure
of the plants and their relation to their environment will be
studied and the plants identified with the aid of a key. Teachers
of Botany w^ill have an opportunity of becoming familiar with
the summer flora and of collecting and preserving much \'aluable
material for use in their classes. A copy of Gray's Manual,
Seventh Edition, will be needed for this course. Those desiring
to prepare an herbarium should provide themselves w^ith plant
presses and driers. Herbarium materials, note books, museum
bottles and reagents for fixing and preserving materials for
sectioning, dissection or demonstration can be purchased at the
laboratory at cost. Two semester hours credit.
12 ■ LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE
s-12-a — General Inorganic Chemistry^ — One hour per day.
Text: General Chemistry for Colleges, Alex. Smith. Two se-
mester hours credit. Offered in 192 L
s-12-b — General Inorganic Chemistry — One hour per day.
A continuation of s-12-a, offered in 1922. Prerequisite s-12-a.
Text: General Chemistry for Colleges, Alex. Smith. Two semes-
ter hours credit.
s-22 — Theory of Analytic Chemistry — One hour per day.
Prerequisites s-12-a and s-12-b. Text: Qualitative Chemical
Analysis, Vol. I, Stieglitz. Two semester hours credit.
s-52-a — Organic Chemistry— One hour per day. Pre-
requisites s-12-a, s-12-b and s-22. Text: Introduction to Organic
Chemistry, Stoddard. Two semester hours credit. Offered in
s-52-b — Organic Chemistry — One hour per day. A con-
tinuation of s-52-a. Prerequisite s-52-a. Text: Introduction to
Organic Chemistry, Stoddard. Two semester hours credit.
Offered in 1922.
s-72-a — Physical Chemistry — One hour per day. Pre-
requisites s-12-a, s-12-b, s-22, s-52-a, and s-o2-b. Text: Outlines
of Theoretical Chemistry, Getman. Two semester hours credit.
Offered in 1922.
NOTE. — No laboratory work in Chemistry will be offered-
Where courses listed carry laboratory w^ork, full credit for the
course will be given when such work has been successfully com-
pleted in a college laborator}^
s-12 — Economic Theory — One hour per day. A course in
Economic theory covering the work of one semester. Two se-
mester hours credit. Offered in alternate years beginning in 1921.
s-22 — Economic Problems — One hour per day. A study of
practical economic problems continuing the work of Economics
s-12, which is a prerequisite. Offered in alternate years beginning
in 1922. Two semester hours credit.
s-32 — Business Associations — One hour per day. A study
of the several types of business associations, the liability of indi-
viduals and associations engaged in business and a practical
MT. GRETXA SUMMER SCHOOL
consideration of modern business methods. Much time is given
to the study of corporations. Offered in alternate years beginning
in 1921. Economics s-12 and s-22 prerequisites. Two semester
s-42 — Uniform Business Law — One hour per day. This
course offers a general survey of the practical phases of business
law, emphasizing those subjects covered by uniform statutes.
Offered in alternate years beginning in 1922. Economics s-12
and s-22 prerequisites. Two semester hours credit.
s-52 — Money and Banking — One hour per day. The pur-
pose of this course is to familiarize the student with the monetary
history of the United States, the history of banks and banking,
the methods of banks and clearing houses, and the laws relating
to this subject. Economics s-12 and s-22 prerequisites. Two
semester hours credit. This course w^ill be offered only provided
a sufficient number of students elect the same by arrangement
with the instructor in advance of registration.
Professors Grimm and Severance
s-12 — History of Education— One hour per day. This
course will be an analysis of the History of Education from the
days of primitive man to the present day with especial emphasis
14 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE
upon the work of Rousseau, PestalozzI, Herbart, and Froebel as
the forerunners of modern educational theories and practices.
Two semester hours credit. ,.
s-32 — Principles of Secondary Education — One hour per
day. This course will begin with an intensive study of the history
of public education in the United States to determine the institu-
tional origin of the American High School. The subsequent work
will concern itself with the educational principles that energize
our present secondary school work. Tw^o semester hours credit.
s-62 — High School Administration — One hour per day
The course will deal with the best ways of guiding the work of
teachers and of pupils, so that boys and girls, on leaving school,
may be as well fitted as possible to live their lives with the great-
est satisfaction to themselves and to society.
Attention will be given to the special problems of directing
high schools in Pennsylvania.
The work will be carried on by means of lectures, discussions,
readings, reports and examinations. Two semester hours credit.
s-12 — Public Speaking — One hour per day. This is a course
in the fundamentals of effective speaking, the structure of the
speech, training in delivery and the presentation of selections.
One semester hour credit.
s-13 — Dramatic Interpretation — One hour per day. This
is a course in the vocal interpretation of several of Shakespeare's
plays and of several modern dramas or one act plays. If there are
enough registrants for this course a modern play will be presented
at the close of the session. One semester hour credit.
s-52-a — American Literature — One hour per day. This is a
course in the history of American Literature with special em-
phasis on Emerson, Hawthorne and Whitman. Lectures, dis-
cussions and assigned readings. Two semester hours credit.
s-52-b — Revolutionary Literature — r7S9-LS25. One hour
per day. This course covers the period of the Revolutionary and
Romantic Writers with special emphasis on Godwin, Southey,
Coleridge, Wordsworth, Shelley, Byron and Keats. Lectures and
illustrative readings. Two semester hours credit.
S-62 — Shakespeare — One hour per day. This is a course in
the life and art of Shakespeare. Lectures, discussions and re-
quired reading. Two semester hours credit.
MT. GRETNA SUMMER SCHOOL 15
s-72 — The Short Story — One hour per day. This course in-
cludes a brief history of the short story together with its charac-
teristics as an art form. Exercises, theses and stories with dis-
cussion and conferences. Two semester hours credit.
s-202 — College Entrance English — One hour per day. This
course is designed to prepare for College English. This course
emphasizes composition and the reading of assigned classics.
Lectures, discussion, themes and conferences. One-half unit
NOTE. — Other courses will be given if there is a demand for
them. Only those courses will be given in which there are at
least six re2:istrants.
s-a — Children's Course in Conversational French — One
hour per day. The aim of this course is to enable children to
understand to some extent the language when spoken, to form
simple sentences, to memorize nursery rhymes and to play French
games. No college credit.
s-b — Practical Course in French Conversation and Com-
position — One hour per day. The aim of this course is to give
increased facility in speaking the language by means of the
direct method. It is intended to aid those desiring to speak
French without an intensive study of grammar. No college credit.
s-12-a — First Year French---One hour per day. This course
includes a drill in French pronunciation and grammar with ex-
ercises in dictation and composition. Text: Thieme and Effinger's
French Grammar. Course offered in 192L Two semester hours
s-12-b — First Year French — One hour per day. A con-
tinuation of French s-12-a and the reading of the following:
La Belle France and La Poudre aux yeux. Course offered in
1922. Two semester hours credit.
s-22-a — Second Year French — One hour per day. Ad-
vanced Composition, dictation and the reading and interpreta-
tion of the following classics: Madame Therese and Lectures
Historiques. Course offered in 1921. Two semester hours credit.
s-22-b — Second Year French — One hour per day. Con-
tinuation of French s-22-a and the reading of the following
classics: Standard French Authors and La Mare au diable.
Course offered in 1922. Two semester hours credit.
MT. GRETXA SUMMER SCHOOL 17
s-12 — Pennsylvania in the Federal Union — One hour per
da>\ A course In the History of the United States, with special
reference to the part taken by Pennsylvania in the affairs of the
Federal Government from 1789 to the Civil War. The course is
especlalh' adapted to meet the needs of teachers in the public
schools of Pennsyhanla. Two semester hours credit.
s-22 — History of Modern Europe — One hour per day. A
study of modern European History since the French Revolution.
Turner's Europe r7S9 to LS20 will be used as a text. Two se-
mester hours credit.
Other Courses in History will be offered in case a sufficient
number of students apply.
s-12 — Livy and Terence — One hour per day.
The most important passages of Livy's Book I will be read
rather rapidly for the story content. Matters of style will be
lightly touched upon, and only the points of grammar necessary
to elucidate the meaning of the text.
The Phormio of Terence will occupy the last half of the course.
Some attention will be given to noteworthy points in the language
and meter of the play. Two semester hours credit.
S-22 — Virgil — One hour per day.
Selections from the works not usually read in secondary
schools, chiefly from the last six books of the Aeneid. Two
■semester hours credit.
s-32 — Latin Composition. — One hour per day.
Graded exercises in connected prose. A knowledge of forms
and of syntax and some practice in turning English into Latin Is
presupposed. Two semester hours credit.
Professors Lehman and Grimm
s-1 — Elementary and Intermediate Algebra — One hour
per day. The course Is arranged to meet college entrance re-
quirements. No college credit.
18 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE
s-22 — Plane Trigonometry — One hour per day. Covers
trigonometric functions as ratios. Proofs of the principal for-
mulae and transformation of trigonometric expressions by means
of these formulae. Solution of trigonometric equations, theory
and use of logarithms and the solution of right and oblique tri-
angles. Two semester hours credit.
s-32 — Analytical Geometry — One hour per day. This
course will be an intensive consideration of the graphic repre-
sentation of algebraic expressions and will have a somewhat
technical bent to relate itself as closely as possible to the needs
of the technical student. Two semester hours credit.
s-42 — Differential Calculus — One hour per day. This
course will be an intensive study of that basic process, differen-
tiation, and will endeavor to lay a firm foundation for a
subsequent study of Integration. It will, therefore, be valuable
for the student intending to pursue technical study. Two
semester hours credit. ,
s-12 — Psychology — One hour per day. Special emphasis
will be placed upon the application of psychological laws to
practical life and the implications of the same laws to school
room procedure. Two semester hours credit.
S-22 — Introduction to Philosophy — One hour per day. A
study of representative philosophical writings. Two semester
s-52 — Ethics — One hour per day. This course will be pri-
marily constructive and critical, and historical only in so far as
its constructive purpose demands. Two semester hours credit.
s-72 — Child Psychology — One hour per day. This course
will be a presentation of the history of Child Psychology, the
attending theories as to the nature of the Child Mind, and the
development of these theories into the modern principles of
Child Psychology. Two semester hours credit.
s-12 — Constitutional Law — One hour per day. A course
designed to give the student a working knowledge of the funda-
mental laws of Federal and State Government. The course is
MT. GRETNA SUMMER SCHOOL 19
devoted largely to the study of leading cases. Offered in alter-
nate years beginning in 1921. Two semester hours credit.
s-22 — Political Science — One hour per day. A study of
various theories of the state and the structure and province of
government. Offered In alternate years beginning in 1922. Two
semester hours credit.
s-12 — Sociology — One hour per day. The course Is intended
to give the student an understanding of the various theories of
society together with the place of Sociology in the general field
of learning. Modern social problems are considered at length.
Two semester hours credit.