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Full text of "Lebanon Valley College Catalog"

Lebanon Valley College 

BULLETIN 

Vol. 11 (New Series) April, 1923 No. 1 



Fifty-Seventh Annual Catalog 
Number 



The First Annua! Catalog was published 
in 1867, making this the fifty-seventh issue 



PUELISHED BY 

LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 
ANNVILLE, PA. 



Entered as Second-Class matter at Annville, Pa.., under the Act of August 24, 1912 






Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2011 with funding from 

LYRASIS Members and Sloan Foundation 



http://www.archive.org/details/lebanonvalley192324leba 



Lebanon Valley College 


BULLETIN 


Vol. 11 (New Series) April, 1923 No. 1 


Fifty-Seventh Annual Catalog 


Number 


• The First Annual Catalog was published 


in 1867, making this the fifty-seventh issue 


PUBLISHED BY 


LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 


ANNVILLE, PA. 



CALENDAR FOR 1923-24 

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COLLEGE CALENDAR 

COMMENCEMENT WEEK 1922-23 

June 10 Sunday 10:00 a. m Annual Baccalaureate Exercises. 

June 10 Sunday 8:00 p. m Annual address, Y. M. and Y. W. C. A. 

June 11 Monday 11:00 a. m Annual Meeting Board of Trustees. 

June 11 Monday 8:00 p. m Annual Commencement Concert 

June 12 Tuesday Alumni Day. 

June 13 Wednesday 2:00 p. m Annual Class Day Exercises. 

June 13 Wednesday 8:00 p. m Annual Senior Class Play. 

June 14 Thursday 10:00 a. m Fifty-fourth Annual Commencement. 

SUMMER SESSIONS 1923 

June 15-16. . .Friday-Saturday Registration of Summer School Students. 

June 18 Monday 9:00 a. m First term begins. 

July 21 Saturday First term ends. 

July 23 Monday 9:00 a. m Second term begins. 

Aug. 25 Saturday Second term ends. 

COLLEGE YEAR 1923-24 

Sept. 17-18. . . Monday-Tuesday Examination and Registration of Students. 

Sept. 19 Wednesday 9:00 a. m College year begins. 

Sept. 22 Saturday 8:00 p. m Annual Students' Reception. 

Nov. 23 Friday 8:00 p. m Fifty-third Anniversary Clionian Literary 

Society. 

Nov. 29 Thursday Thanksgiving Day. 

Dec. 14 Friday 4:00 p. m Christmas recess begins. 

Jan. 2 Wednesday 1:00 p. m Christmas recess ends. 

Feb. 1 Friday First semester ends. 

Feb. 4 Monday 9:00 a. m Second semester begins. 

Feb. 22 Friday 8:00 p. m Second Anniversary Delphian Literary 

Society. 
April 4 Friday 8:00 p. m Forty-seventh Anniversary Kalozetean 

Literary Society. 

April 16 Wednesday 4:00 p. m Easter recess begins. 

April 23 Wednesday 4:00 p. m Easter recess ends. 

May 2 Friday 8:00 p. m Fifty-seventh Anniversary Philokosmian 

Literary Society. 

May 3 Saturday 2:00 p. m Annual May Day Exercises. 

May 30 Friday Decoration Day. 

June 8 Sundav 10:00 a. m Annual Baccalaureate exercises. 

June 8 Sunday 8:00 p. m Annual Address Y. M. and Y. W. C. A. 

June 9 Monday 11:00 a. m Annual Meeting of the Board of Trustees. 

June 9 Monday 8:00 p. m Annual Commencement Concert 

June 10 Tuesday Alumni Day. 

June 11 Wednesday 2:00 p. m Annual Class Day exercises. 

June 11 Wednesday 8:00 p. m Annual Senior Class Day. 

June 12 Thursday 10:00 a. m Fifty-fifth Annual Commencement. 



THE CORPORATION 



BOARD OF TRUSTEES 

Representatives from the Pennsylvania Conference 

Rev. J. E. Kleffman, A. B. D.D Baltimore, Md 1924 

Rev. M. R. Fleming, B. D. Ph. D Red Lion, Pa 1924 

Rev. F. B. Plummer, A. B., D.D Carlisle, Pa 1924 

Rev. A. B. Statton, A. M. D.D Hagerstown, Md 1925 

Rev. G. I. Rider, A. B Hagerstown, Md 1925 

Rev. L. Walter Lutz, A. B. D.D Chambersburg, Pa 1925 

E. N. Funkhouser, A. B Hagerstown, Md 1923 

Hon. W. N. McFaul, LL.B Baltimore, Md 1923 

Rev. W. N. Beattie Greencastle, Pa 1923 

Rev. A. N. Horn, D.D Baltimore, Md 1923 

Henry Wolf, A. B Mt. Wolf, Pa 1923 

C. O. Yeatts York, Pa 1924 

Representatives from the East Pennsylvania Conference 

J. R. Engle, A. B. LL. B Palmyra, Pa 1924 

Hon. A. S. Kreider, LL.D Annville, Pa 1924 

Rev. J. A. Lyter, A. M. D.D Harrisburg, Pa 1924 

Rev. E. O. Burtner, A. M. D.D Palmyra, Pa 1925 

Rev. S. C. Enck, A. M. D.D Philadelphia, Pa 1925 

Rev. P. B. Gibble, A. B. B. D Baltimore, Md 1925 

Rev. I. M. Hershey, A. M. B.D Myerstown, Pa 1923 

Rev. H. E. Miller, A. M. D.D Lebanon, Pa 1923 

Rev. S. E. Rupp, A. M., D.D Harrisburg, Pa 1923 

J. R. Snyder Lebanon, Pa 1924 

C. F. Rupp Harrisburg, Pa 1924 

Representatives from Virginia Conference 

Elmer Hodges Winchester, Va 1924 

Rev. J. H. Brunk, D.D Berkley Springs, W. Va. . . . 1924 

Rev. W. F. Gruver, D.D Martinsburg, W. Va 1925 

Rev. A. J. Sechrist Churchville, Va 1923 

Rev. J. N. Fries, A. M Berkley Springs, W. Va . . . 1923 

E. C. Wine Harrisonburg, Va 1925 

Trustees at Large 

Harry Thomas Johnstown, Pa. 

Jack L. Straub Lancaster, Pa. 

C. M. Coover Annville, Pa. 

J. E. Gipple Harrisburg, Pa. 

Alumni Trustees 

Prof. H. H. Baish, '01 A. M Harrisburg, Pa . . 1924 

Rev. I. E. Runk, '99 B.D., D.D Annville, Pa 1923 

A. K. Mills, '04 A. M Annville, Pa 1925 



OFFICERS AND COMMITTEES OF THE 
BOARD 



President Hon. Aaron S. Kreider 

Vice President E. N. Funkhouser 

Secretary and Treasurer S. H. Derickson 

Executive Committee 

A. S. Kreider A. B. Statton J. H. Brunk 

J. A. Lyter F. B. Plummer 

Finance Committee 

A. S. Kreider G. D. Gossard E. N. Funkhouser 

J. R. Engle J. E. Gipple C. M. Coover 

Henry Wolf S. H. Derickson. W. F. Gruver 

Library and Apparatus Committee 
H. E. Miller A. J. Sechrist T. B. Beatty W. M. Beattie 

Faculty Committee 
A. B. Statton S. C. Enck W. F. Gruver H. H. Baish 

Auditing Committee 
I. M. Hershey C. O. Yeatts A. J. Sechrist 

Grounds and Building Committee 

J. A. Lyter P. B. Gibble J. N. Fries 

J. E. Kleffman P. R. Koontz 

Farm Committee 
A. N. Horn E. O. Burtner J. F. Brunk 

Publicity Committee 

H. H. Shenk I. E. Runk S. O. Grimm 

L. W. Lutz W. N. McFaul 

Nominating Committee 
I. E. Runk P. R. Koontz J. H. Brunk 



Officers of Administration and 
Instruction 

GEORGE DANIEL GOSSARD, B.D., D.D President 

SAMUEL O. GRIMM, A.M Registrar 

MRS. MARY C. GREEN Dean of Women 

ALBERT BARNHART Agent of the Finance Committee 

THOMAS BAYARD BEATTY, A.M Professor of English 

A. B., Lebanon Valley College, 1905; A. M., Columbia University, 
1920; Instructor in Massanutten Academy, 1906; Teacher of English, 
Central High School, Pittsburgh, 1907-1914; Student Curry School of 
Expression, summers 1908, 1909; student Columbia University, summers 
1911, 1917, 1918 and 1919; Principal of Schools, Red Lion, Pa., 1914-1916; 
Professor, Design School C. I. T., 1916-1919; study and travel in Eng- 
land, summer 1922; Professor of English, Lebanon Valley College, 19 19 — 

ANDREW BENDER, Ph.D Professor of Chemistry 

A. B., Lebanon Valley College, 1906; Ph.D., Columbia University, 
1914; Professor of Chemistry and Physics, Lebanon Valley College, 1907- 
1909; Instructor in Analytical Chemistry, Columbia University, 1912-1914; 
In Industrial Chemistry, 1914-1921; Chief Chemist, Aetna Explosives 
Company; Chemical Director, British American Chemical Company; 
Director of Control Laboratory, The Barrett Company; Professor of 
Chemistry, Lebanon Valley College, 1921 — 

ETHEL MARY BENNETT, B.A Professor of French 

B. A., Victoria College, University of Toronto, 1915; in charge of 
Modern Language Department, Ontario Ladies' College, Whitby, Ont., 
1915-1919; Tutor in French and German, University of Chicago, 1920- 
1921; Graduate Student, Univ. of Chicago, Summer, 1922; Acting Pro- 
fessor of French Literature, Lebanon Valley College, 1922 — 

HAROLD BENNETT, Plh.D., Josephine Bittingcr Eberly Professor of 
Latin Language and Literature. 

B. A., Victoria College, University of Toronto, 1915; military service 
with Canadian Expeditionary Forces, 1915-1918; fellow in Latin, Uni- 
versity of Chicago, 1919-1921; Ph.D., University of Chicago, 1921; 
Professor of Latin, College of Charleston, Charleston, S. C, 1921-22; 
Professor of Latin Language and Literature, Lebanon Valley College, 
1922 — 

ROBERT R. BUTTERWICK, A.M., B.D., D.D., Professor of Phil- 
osophy and Bible. 

A. B., Lebanon Valley College, 1901; A. M., ibid., 1904; B. D., 
Bonebrake Theological Seminary, 1905; D.D., Lebanon Valley College, 
1910; twenty-six years in the Ministry; Professor of Philosophy and 
Religion, Lebanon Valley College, 1912-1922; Professor of Philosophy and 
Bible, 1922 — 



BULLETIN 7 

SAMUEL H. DERICKSON, M.S Professor of Biological Science 

B. S., Lebanon Valley College, 1902; graduate student, Johns Hop- 
kins University, 1902-1903; M. S., Lebanon Valley College, 1903; Pro- 
fessor of Biological Science, Lebanon Valley College, 1903; Land Zoolo- 
gist, Bahama Expedition, Baltimore Geographical Society, summer 1904; 
Director, collection of Eocene and Miocene Fossils for Vassar College, 
summer 1908; Student, Marine Biology, Bermuda, summer 1909; Student 
Tropical Botanical Gardens, Jamaica, summer 19 10; Student Brooklyn 
Institute of Arts and Sciences, summer 191 1; Acting President of Leba- 
non Valley College, summer 19 12; Member American Association for 
the Advancement of Science, The Botanical Society of America, the 
Phytopathological Society of America, and the American Museum of 
Natural History. 

CHRISTIAN R. GINGRICH, A.B., LL.B., Professor of Political 

Science and Economics. 

A. B., Franklin and Marshall College, 191 1; Principal of High School, 
Alexandria, Pa., 1911-1912; Principal of High School, Linglestown, Pa., 
1912-1913; LL.B., University of Pennsylvania Law School, 1916; Mem- 
ber of Law Bar of Lebanon County and of Pennsylvania Supreme Court 
Bar; Professor of Political Science and Economics, Lebanon Valley 
College, 1916 — 

AIRS. MARY C. GREEN. .Professor of French and Dean of Women 

Student, New York Conservatory of Music, 1896-97; Private Teacher 
of Piano, 1897-1900; Travel and Study: Berlin, 1900-01; Paris, 1901- 
1909; Florence, 1909-10; Johannesburg, 1910-11; Paris, 1911-14; Instruc- 
tor in French, Lebanon Valley College, 1916-20; Professor of French 
and Dean; of Women, Lebanon Valley College, 1920 — 

SAMUEL OLIVER GRIMM, B.Pd, A.M., Professor of Physics and 
Registrar. 

Millersville State Normal School, 1907; B.Pd., ibid, 1910; A. B., 
Lebanon Valley College, 1912; A. M., ibid, 1917; Columbia University, 
1914-1916; Professor of Education and Physics, Lebanon Valley College, 
1915 — . Registrar, Lebanon Valley College, 1920 — 

JOSEPH K. HOLLINGER, A. B Physical Director and Coach 

A. B., Lebanon Valley College, 1916; Instructor in Mathematics and 
Coach, Lebanon High School, 19 16-17; sixteen months in the U. S. 
Army, with rank of Lieutenant; Physical Education, Pittsburgh Public 
Schools, one-half year; Graduate work, Harvard School of Business 
Administration, 1919-20; Freshmen Basket-ball Coach, Harvard Uni- 
versity, 1919-20; Student, Columbia University, Summer, 1921; Spring- 
field International Y. M. C. A. College, Summer 1922; Physical Director 
and Coach, Lebanon Valley College, 1921 — 

ELMER RHODES HOKE, B.D., Ph.D., Professor of Education and 

Psychology. 

A. B., Franklin and Marshall College, 1913; A. M., ibid., 1914; B. D., 
Theological Seminary of the Reformed Church, 1917; .A. M., Johns 
Hopkins University, 1920; PhD., ibid., 1922. Four years in High School 
teaching; three years in the Ministry. Professor of Education and 
Psychology, Hood College, 1920-1922; Professor of Education and Psy- 
chology, Lebanon Valley College, 1922 — 

JOHN EVANS LEHMAN, A. M., Sc. D., Professor of Mathematics 
and Astronomy. 
A. B., Lebanon Valley College, 1874; A. M., ibid., 1877; Sc. D., ibid., 
1912; Assistant Professor of Mathematics, Otterbein University, 1885-87; 
Graduate Student, Cornell University, Summer 1892; Professor of Mathe- 
matics, Lebanon Valley College, 1887 — 



8 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

HELEN ETHEL MYERS, A.B : Librarian 

A. B., Lebanon Valley College, 1907; Drexel Institute Library School, 
1908; Assistant New York Public Library, 1908-1910; Cataloger, Univer- 
sity of Chicago Library, 1910-1911; Librarian, Public Library, Lancaster, 
Pa., 1912-1921; Member American Library Association; Lebanon Valley 
College Librarian, 1921 — 

IRVIN EUGENE RUNK, B.D., D.D College Pastor 

LUCY S. SELTZER, A. M., Professor of German and Assistant in 
English. 

A. B., Lebanon Valley College, 1910; Instructor in German, Leba- 
non Valley College, 1910-11; Student, Columbia University, Summers 
1911 and 1912; Professor of German, Lebanon Valley College, 1911-15; 
M. A., Columbia University, 19 16; Professor of German, Lebanon Valley 
College, 1916-18; Federal Government Service, 1918-22; Professor of 
German and Assistant in English, Lebanon Valley College, 1922 — 

HIRAM H. SHENK, A.M Professor of History 

A. B., Ursinus College, 1899; A. M., Lebanon Valley College, 1900; 
Student, University of Wisconsin, summer term; Instructor in Political 
Science, Lebanon Valley College, 1899-1900; Professor of History and 
Political Science, 1900-1916; Custodian of Public Records, Pennsylvania 
State Library, 1916 to date; Instructor in Y. M. C. A. Summer Schools, 
Blue Ridge, N. C, 1916-1920, Silver Bay, 1918, and Lake Geneva, 1921; 
Educational Secretary, Army Y. M. C. A., Camp Travis, 1917-1918; Pro- 
fessor of History, Lebanon Valley College, 1920 — 

JAMES T. SPANGLER, A.M., D.D, Professor of Greek, Bible and 
Religious Education. 

A. B., Lebanon Valley College, 1890; B. D., Union Biblical Semi- 
nary, 1894; A. M., Lebanon Valley College, 1898; D. D., Findlay 
College, 1907; ten years in the Christian Ministry; Professor of Greek 
Language and Literature, Lebanon Valley College, 1890-91; Professor 
of Greek Language and Literature,, ibid., 1897-1909; Professor of Phi- 
losophy and History, ibid., 1916-17; Professor of Philosophy and Re- 
ligious Education, ibid., 1917-20; Professor of Greek, Bible and Religious 
Education, ibid., 1920. 

PAUL S. WAGNER, A.B Professor of Mathematics 

A. B., Lebanon Valley College, 191 7; Instructor in Mathematics, 
Lebanon Valley College, 1917-18; Military Service, 1918-19; Headmaster, 
Franklin Day School, Baltimore, Md., and graduate student, Johns 
Hopkins University, 1919-20; Y. M. C. A. Educational Conference, Silver 
Bay, N. Y., Summer 1920; Graduate' Student, Columbia University, 
Summer 1921; Instructor in Mathematics, Lebanon Valley College, 
1920 — 



CONSERVATORY FACULTY 

JOHANN M. BLOSE, MUS.D., Director of the Conservatory of 
Music, and Professor of Piano, Organ and Theoretic Music. 

Oberlin Conservatory, 1882-1885; violin pupil of Luigi van Kunits, 
Vienna, 1910-1911, and Ovide Musin, New York, summer, 1912; pupil 
of Dr. Geo. F. Root and Frank Gleason, Chicago, (composition and 
orchestration), 1889- 1890; piano pupil of William F. Sherwood, Chicago, 
1889-1890; Dr. William Mason, New York, summer, 1905; Joseph Git- 
tings, Pittsburgh, summer, 1913; Mus.D., Waynesburg College, 1893 
(having completed the work in composition and orchestration required 



BULLETIN 9 

at Oxford, England, leading to the doctor's degree) ; director of the Con- 
servatory of Music, Waynesburg College, 1885-1888, 1890-1901; director 
of School of Music, Washington, (Pa.), 1901-1914; instructor in organ, 
theory, and composition, Washington Seminary, 1901-1904; organist- 
choirmaster, leading Pittsburgh churches, 1902-1912; director of Atlantic 
City School of Music, 1915-1920; organist-choirmaster, St. Nicholas' R. 
C. Church, Atlantic City, 1915-1920; conductor, Atlantic City Symphony 
Society, 1915-1920; director of Hood College Conservatory of Music, 
1920-22; director of Lebanon Valley Conservatory of Music, 1922 — - 

R. PORTER CAMPBELL, MUS.B., Pianoforte, Organ, Harmony 
and History of Music. 

Diploma in Pianoforte, Lebanon Valley College Conservatory, 1915; 
Diploma in Organ and Bachelor of Music degree ibid 1916; Teacher of 
Pianoforte, History and Theory, 1915-1917; U. S. Service, 1917-1919; 
private teaching, 19 19-1920; Pianoforte and Pedagogy under Aloys 
Kramer, and Arthur Freidheim, Summer Session, New York, 1921; 
Organist and Choirmaster of Seventh Street Lutheran Church, Lebanon, 
Pa.; teacher of Pianoforte, Organ, History and Harmony, Lebanon 
Valley Conservatory, 1920 — 

RUTH ELIZABETH ENGLE, A.B Pianoforte 

(On leave of absence 1922-23.) 

A. B., Lebanon Valley College, 191 5; graduate of the New England 
Conservatory of Music; Pupil of Hutchinson, New York, and Study at 
Columbia University, 1922-23. 

FRANK F. HARDMAN, Voice, Sight Singing and Public School Music 

Graduate Lebanon Valley College Conservatory of Music, 1908; 
Student of W. W. Gilchrist, Philadelphia, 1909-1910; Director of Music, 
Mercersburg Academy, 1915-1918; Studied at Cornell University, Summer 
Session, 19 18; Director of Pennsylvania College of Music, Meadville, 
Pa., 1919-1922; Vocal Department Lebanon Valley Conservatory, 1922 — 

FRANCES E. BLOSE Pianoforte and Ear Training 

Graduate of Hood College Conservatory of Music, 1922; Teacher of 
Pianoforte, Atlantic City School of Music, 1915-20; Student of Sir 
Edward Baxter Perry, 1917-18, 1921-22, Teacher of Pianoforte, Ear 
Training and Solfeggio, Hood College, 1921-22. 

EDITH FRANTZ MILLS Voice 

Graduate of Lebanon Valley College, Voice Department, 1908; Stu- 
dent of A. Y. Cornell, New York, 1909-11; Student of Madam Omstrom- 
Renard; Vocal Teacher, Lebanon Valley College, 1912; Student of A. 
Y. Cornell Summer School, 1912, 1914, 1917 and 1922; Vocal Teacher, 
Lebanon Valley College, 1923 — < 

SIR EDWARD BAXTER PERRY, Chevalier de Melusine, Pianoforte, 
Musical Aesthetics and Concert Pianist. 

Piano — Junius W. Hill, Boston, 1871-1875; Dr. Theodore Kullak, 
Berlin, 1875-1878; Franz Liszt, Weimar, session of 1878; Dionys Pruck- 
ner, Stuttgart Conservatorium, 1883-1884; Madame Clara Schumann, 
Frankfort, 1884-1885. 

Harmony and Composition — Junius W. Hill, Boston, 1871-1875; 
Carl August Haupt, Berlin, 1875-1878; Anton Seifritz, Stuttgart, 1883- 
1884. 

Aesthetics, Acoustics, German History, Literature and Philoso- 
phy — University of Berlin, 1875-1878; the same at Polytechnic School, 
Stuttgart, 1883-1884. 

Concert Pianist — In America 1878-1881; in Europe 1897-1898, 
(receiving Knighthood with title of "Chevalier de Melusine" from Prince 
Guy de Lusignan, Grand Master of the Order of Melusine, in Paris) ; 



10 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

in United States and Canada, 1898-1917, — nearly thirty-four hundred 
Lecture Recitals, of which he is the originator. 

Teaching — iBoston, 1878-1881; Oberlin Conservatory, 1881-1883; 
Tremont School of Music, Boston, 1886-1889; visiting director, National 
Conservatory, Dallas, Texas, and various other similar institutions, 
1905-1910; director of music, Woman's College, Montgomery, Alabama, 
1918-1921; Hood College Conservatory, 1921-1922; Lebanon Valley College, 
Conservatory of Music, 1922 — 



SUPERVISORS OF PRACTICE TEACHING 
Annville High School 

CHARLES G. DOTTER, A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 1909; Super- 
visory Principal. 
ADA C. BOS SARD, A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 1919; French and 
History. 

S. MEYER HERR, A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 1922; Science 

V. EARL LIGHT, A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 1916: Science 

MORRIS M. LONG, A.B State College, 1918; English 

ADDIE E. SNYDER, A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 1916; Latin and 
Mathematics. 



ASSISTANTS 



GEORGE R. BIECHER, '24 Assistant in Biologv 

IRA M. RUTH '23 Assistant in Biology 

CALVIN F. FENCIL, '24 Assistant in B\otmy 

C. C. SMITH, '24 Assistant in Physics 

EARLE E. FAKE, '23 Assistant in Chemistry 

MARYAN P. MATUSZAK, '24 Assistant in Chemistry 

MERTIE DAUGHERTY Office Stenographer 

GLADYS M. FENCIL, A.B., Lebanon Valley Cpllege, 1921 ; Secretary 
to the Registrar. 



BULLETIN 11 



HISTORY OF THE COLLEGE 



IN response to a very general and growing desire, frequently 
expressed by both the laity and the ministry, the East Penn- 
sylvania Annual Conference of the Church of the United 
Brethren in Christ, at the session held at Lebanon, Pennsylvania, 
March, 1865, passed by a large vote a resolution to establish a high- 
grade institution of learning, conveniently located within the bounds 
of the East Pennsylvania or the Pennsylvania Conference. This mat- 
ter was referred to a committee consisting of the Revs. Daniel S. 
Early, G. W. Miles Rigor, W. S. H. Keys and Messrs. John B. Steh- 
man and Abraham Sherk, with instructions to confer with a similar 
committee from the Pennsylvania Conference and to determine 
upon a location. One year later, in March, 1866, this committee 
reported to the Annual Conference session held at Columbia, Penn- 
sylvania, and recommended the following: 

First, the establishment of a school of high grade under the 
supervision of the Church; second, the acceptance for this purpose 
of the grounds and buildings then known as the Annville Academy 
(a private institution founded and conducted as such since 1834), 
which had been tendered as a gift to the Conference; third, the 
leasing of the buildings and grounds to a responsible party competent 
to take charge of the school for the following year. The following 
were elected as a Board of Trustees: Revs. D. S. Early, George A. 
Mark, G. W. Miles Rigor, J. B. Daugherty, Lewis W. Craumer, 
David Hoffman, and Messrs. John B. Stehman, John H. Kinports, 
Abraham Sherk, Rudolph Herr, H. H. Kreider and Samuel Walmer. 

School opened May 7, 1866, with forty-nine students. By the 
close of the collegiate year one hundred and fifty-one were enrolled, 
thus demonstrating at once the need of such an institution in this 
locality and the wisdom of the founders. 

In April, 1867, the Legislature granted a charter with full univer- 
sity privileges under which a College faculty was organized with 
Rev. Thomas Rees Vickroy, Ph.D., as president, and Prof. E. Ben- 
jamin Bierman, A.M., as principal of the Normal Department. The 
same year the Philokosmian Literary Society was organized by 
the young men, additional land was purchased and a large brick 
building erected thereon with chapel, recitation rooms, president's 
office, and apartments for sixty boarding students. This building 
was not furnished and fully occupied till the fall of 1868. 



12 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

During the administration of President Vickroy the laws and 
regulations for the internal workings of the College were framed 
and adopted, the curriculum established, and the first regular com- 
mencement held on June 16, 1870, In 1872, through the leadership 
of the Misses Sarah Burns, Rebecca Kinports and Ellen Jane Mark, 
the Clionian Literary Society was organized. In 1877, for the pur- 
pose of stimulating wholesome rivalry among the men, another 
literary society was organized. Mr. Horace S. Kephart prepared 
the constitution and by-laws and Prof. Louis H. McFadden sug- 
gested the name "Kalozetean," which was adopted. 

In the summer of 1883 a large two-story frame building was 
erected on College Avenue, containing an art room, music rooms, 
the department of natural science, a museum and the College library. 

On January 1, 1888, the first number of "The College Forum" 
appeared under the editorship of the Faculty. 

Among the early friends of the College was Mrs. Mary A. Dodge, 
who gave to the College a fund of ten thousand dollars, the interest 
of which is "to be loaned without charge to such pious young people 
as the Faculty of the College may deem worthy of help." The 
Silver Anniversary of the College was observed in June, 1892. 
The money secured on this occasion was used to purchase three 
acres of land which was added to the campus. 

In 1897, the College began an era of enlargement which resulted 
in an addition to the old Administration Building, making it twice 
as large as before, the erection of the Engle Music Hall in 1899, 
the Carnegie Library and North Hall (the women's dormitory) in 
1904. The large Athletic Field at the east end of the town was 
also added to the assets of the College during this time. 

The disastrous fire on the night of December 24, 1904, when the 
Administration Building was entirely destroyed, tested the loyalty 
of the patrons and friends of the College. At a meeting held 
January 5, 1905, the friends of the College resolved, amid unusual 
enthusiasm, to rebuild at once, and with the stimulus of a gift of 
fifty thousand dollars from Andrew Carnegie (who had previously 
given $20,000 for the library building), plans were matured by which 
to raise one hundred thousand dollars for this purpose. The erection 
of three new buildings was projected — the Men's Dormitory, the 
Central Heating Plant and the new Administration Building. 

Through the untiring zeal and earnest efforts of President Law- 
rence Kiester, D.D., a gift was secured from a friend of the College 
in western Pennsylvania to equip the Tyrone Biological Laboratory. 
The Bishop J. S. Mills and the H. S. Immel Scholarships were also 



BULLETIN 13 

added to the funds of the College. At the death of the Rev. Daniel 
Eberly, D.D., July 9, 1910, whose will bears date of September 
17, 1909, the College came into possession of property valued at 
about $52,000, the major portion for the endowment of the Josephine 
Bittinger Eberly Professorship of Latin Language and Literature. 

Beginning with 1912, the College entered upon its greatest era 
of enlargement and prosperity. Since that date the student body 
has increased with great rapidity, more than doubling its numbers. 
Continued progress of the College, however, demanded the securing 
of an adequate endowment. To meet this need the cooperating Con- 
ferences conducted an intensive endowment campaign, which closed 
June 26, 1918, with subscriptions amounting to nearly $400,000. 

Throughout the year 1921, the faculty and leading members of 
the student body began an agitation for an additional women's liter- 
ary society for the purpose of removing the congestion in the one 
society and creating a wholesome rivalry in the student body. This 
agitation culminated in the organization of the Delphian Literary 
Society in October, 1921. 



14 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 



GENERAL INFORMATION 



The College is situated in Annville, a progressive and cultured 
town twenty-one miles east of Harrisburg in the beautiful, healthful 
and fertile Lebanon Valley. 

BUILDINGS AND GROUNDS 

There are eight buildings on the campus: the Administration 
Building, the Carnegie Library, the Engle Conservatory of Music, 
the Women's Dormitory, the Men's Dormitory, South Hall, the 
Heating Plant and President's Residence. 

The Administration Building contains the administration offices 
which are of fire proof construction on the first floor, the recitation 
rooms of the College, the chemical and physical laboratories, and the 
Tyrone Biological Laboratory, the equipment of which was provided 
for by a gift from a friend from western Pennsylvania, who also 
gave it its name. 

The Alumni Gymnasium occupies the ground floor. Here are pro- 
vided over seven thousand square feet of floor space for the use of 
the department of physical culture and the promotion of athletic 
activities. The gymnasium has, in addition to the gymnasium floor, 
separate locker rooms for the teams, for the men, and for the girls, 
an apparatus room, and shower baths. 

THE CARNEGIE LIBRARY, erected in 1904, furnishes com- 
modious quarters for the growing library of the College. 

Two large reading rooms on the first floor, splendidly lighted and 
ventilated, and beautifully furnished, are provided with the leading 
magazines and daily papers. Periodicals devoted to the special work 
of each department are here, as well as magazines of general litera- 
ture. On the second floor are six seminar rooms designed to be 
equipped with the special works of reference for the various depart- 
ments. 

THE ENGLE CONSERVATORY OF MUSIC, erected in 1899, 
contains the college chapel, a director's office and studio, practice 
rooms, and a large society hall. The building is well equipped with 
pianos and a large pipe organ. 

THE WOMEN'S DORMITORY, NORTH HALL, was erected 
in 1905, and is a building of beautiful proportions. In addition to 



BULLETIN 15 

rooms which will accommodate forty-five students, there are a 
society hall, a dining hall, a well-equipped kitchen, and laundry. 

THE MEN'S DORMITORY, erected in 1905, contains single 
and double rooms and sixteen suites of two bed-rooms with a sepa- 
rate study-room. These afford accommodations for more than one 
hundred students. 

THE WOMEN'S DORMITORY, SOUTH HALL, the original 
building of the institution, acquired by gift in 1866, when the College 
was founded, has been re-modeled and is now used as a women's 
dormitory. 

THE HEATING PLANT, erected in 1905, contains a low pres- 
sure heating system, and supplies the heat for all the buildings 
on the campus. It is constructed with a view to the installation 
of a lighting plant. 

THE PRESIDENT'S RESIDENCE, situated on the north- 
west corner of the campus. 

THE CAMPUS of twelve acres, occupies a high point in the 
center of Annville and is within easy access of trolley and railroad 
lines. 

THE ATHLETIC FIELD of five and one-half acres is well 
located and admirably adapted to the purpose for which it is intended. 

LABORATORIES 

The entire northern half of the Administration Building is occupied 
by the Department of Science. The Department of Chemistry 
occupies the first floor; Physics, the second; and Biology, the third. 

The laboratories of each department are constructed after the most 
approved modern methods. The lecture rooms are provided with 
risers and Columbia tablet chairs. 

RELIGIOUS ACTIVITIES 

The College has always tried to furnish religious training, and 
encourages all means of promoting Christian influence. Each morn- 
ing a regular service is held in the College Chapel, at which the 
students are required to be present. 

A students' prayer-meeting is held once a week, and opportunities 
for Bible study and mission study are offered by the Christian Asso- 
ciations in addition to those afforded by the regular curriculum. 

All resident students of the College are expected to attend public 
worship in the churches of their choice, every Sunday. 



16 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

Christian The College has Young Men's and Young Women's 

Associations Christian Associations, which hold regular weekly 
devotional services and conduct special courses of 
Bible and mission study. They are centers of the spiritual interests 
of the students and deserve the hearty support of all connected with 
the college. Under these auspices public lectures, entertainments 
and socials are held, which contribute to the pleasure of the student 
body. 

COLLEGE ORGANIZATIONS 
Literary Excellent opportunities for literary improvement and 

Societies parliamentary training are afforded by the societies 

of the College. There are four of these societies — 
Philokosmian, Kalozetean, Clionian, Delphian. The last two are sus- 
tained by the young ladies. They meet every Friday evening in 
their well-furnished halls for literary exercises. These societies are 
considered valuable agencies in college work, and students are ad- 
vised to unite with one of them. 
Athletic The Athletic Association is composed of all the 

Association students of the College and the cooperating Alumni. 
Athletics are controlled by a Council consisting of 
ten members as follows: — three faculty members appointed by the 
President; three Alumni members appointed by the Alumni members 
of the Athletic Association; three Undergraduates elected by the 
undergraduate members of the Athletic Association, and the Athletic 
Editor of "The Crucible." The Graduate Manager and the Coach 
are ex-officio members of the Council without a vote. 
The Mathematical The Mathematical Round Table is an organiza- 

Round Table tion of the students of the College who are 

interested in mathematical studies. Its object 
is to create interest in and love for the "exact science." Its meet- 
ings are held on the last Wednesday evening of each month. Papers 
on mathematical history and biography are read and discussed. 
Current events in the mathematical world and papers on various 
mathematical subjects make the meetings very interesting and 
helpful. 

STUDENT PUBLICATION 

A group of students possessing ability in management and com- 
position are nominated by the Faculty to publish, semi-monthly, 
"The Crucible." This student publication affords training of a 
highly specialized character to a number of students interested in 
editorial work. 




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,. 



BULLETIN 17 

LITERARY AND MUSICAL ADVANTAGES 

During the college year, the student body has the privilege of 
hearing lectures and talks delivered by men of note in Church and 
literary circles. 

The department of music together with the department of public 
speaking presents a number of programs during the year. Concerts 
and recitals by prominent musicians are given under the patronage 
of the Department of Music with the aim of creating in the student 
an appreciation for the best in art. 

There is a lively interest in the drama. Various college organiza- 
tions have presented Shakespearean and other plays of a high grade. 

ADMINISTRATION 

. , . The head of the department in which a student has 

.Advisers 

elected to major becomes the adviser for that student. 

The adviser's approval is necessary before a student may register for 
or enter upon any course of study, or discontinue any work. He is the 
medium of communication between the Faculty and the students 
majoring in his department, and, in a general way, stands to his 
students in the relation of a friendly counselor. 

Discipline The rules of the College are as few and simple as the 
proper regulation of a community of young men and 
women will permit. The government of the dormitories is under 
the immediate control of the student councils, committees of stu- 
dents authorized by the College authorities. 

Classification Every student residing in the dormitory must take 
at least fifteen hours of work as catalogued. Any 
student failing to pass ten (10) hours of work at the close of each 
semester will be required to withdraw from the institution. 

The maximum number of hours, conditioned, permitted for senior 
standing is four; for junior standing, six; for sophomore standing, 
six; for freshman standing, six. 

The permitted number of extra hours of work, above that pre- 
scribed by the curriculum, is limited by the student's previous record, 
as follows: 

(a) Majority of A's — three hours. 

(b) Lower record than m? ; - ;+ ' - « _-.i«. .lours. 

No students will be given credit tor more than forty semester 
hours in any twelve months. 

Credits for work done in other institutions, for which advanced 
standing is desired, must be submitted to the committee ^n College 
Credits and a copy filed with the Registrar. 



18 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

Class Standing Reports of standing will be made to parents or 
guardian at the end of each term when desired by 
them, or when the Faculty deems it expedient. The standing is indi- 
cated generally by classification in six groups, as follows: 

A (90-100%) signifies that the record of the student is distin- 
guished. 

B (80-90%) signifies that the record of the student is very good. 

C (70-80%) signifies that the record is good. 

D (60-70%) signifies the lowest sustained record. 

E (below 60%) imposes a condition on the student. 

Failing to make up a condition at an appointed time is equal to a 
record of F. 

F (failed completely) signifies that the student must drop or repeat 
the subject and cannot be admitted to subjects dependent thereon. 

If the student's record as a whole is poor, he may be required to 
repeat certain subjects, to repeat the year's work, or to withdraw. 
Admission Students wishing to enter Lebanon Valley College 
must present credits from high schools, normal schools, 
and academies before the time of matriculation. Blanks for such 
credits may be had on application to the Registrar. 
Registration The registration days for the collegiate year 1922-1923 
are as follows: September 18, 19, 20, and Monday 
and Tuesday, February 5 and 6, of the second semester. Students 
registering later than the days specified will be charged a fee of one 
dollar. 

Registration is not complete until the Registrar has affixed his 
signature to the matriculation card and a copy of same has been filed 
with the Registrar. 

Absences Should a student be absent once beyond twice the 
number of times a class meets each week, he will be 
required to take a special examination, for which a fee of one dollar 
will be charged. Such examination must be taken within a week of 
the excess absence; otherwise the student will lose his class standing. 
Absences immediately preceding or following vacation will be 
counted double. 

Chapel All students are required to attend the morning chapel 

service. Failure to attend will be ground for action by 
the Faculty upon recommendation of the Committee on Chapel 
Attendance. 

Limitations Students are limited to two of the following college 
activities: Quittapahilla, Glee Club, Plays, Foot Ball, 



BULLETIN 19 

Basket Ball and Base Ball. This regulation can be set aside only by 
a special action of the Faculty. 

No games between college organizations may be engaged in dur- 
ing study hours except by permission of the Faculty. 

Degree and The degree of Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science 
Diploma is conferred by a vote of the Board of Trustees on 
recommendation of the Faculty, upon students who 
have satisfactorily completed 124 semester hours of work. 

(For students graduating in 1924 the requirement is 133 semester 
hours; in 1925, 130 semester hours; in 1926, 127 semester hours; 
exclusive of the requirement in Physical Education.) 

The Bachelor's degree will, however, be conferred only upon can- 
didates who have spent at least a full year in actual residence. 

GRADUATE WORK 

The College will accept candidates for the Master's degree subject 
to the following considerations: 

(1) That when an applicant seeks the Master's degree in one year, 
the entire year be spent in residence. 

(2) That when an applicant prefers to do the work designated for 
the degree in non-residence, at least two years be devoted to the 
pursuit of the course, and not more than five years. 

(3) That fourteen year-hours be required for the degree — six hours 
of minor subjects and eight hours of major subjects, four of which 
shall be devoted to research work in connection with the required 
thesis. 

(4) That no arrangement will be made to do this work by cor- 
respondence. 

(5) That students pursuing undergraduate courses for the Master's 
degree must maintain a grade of eighty-five per cent (85%) in all 
such courses. 

(6) That the registration fee be the same as the annual matricu- 
lation fee. 

(7) That the tuition for the work done outside the regular college 
classes shall be arranged for with the teachers concerned. 

(8) That the tuition fee for work done in the regular undergraduate 
classes shall be five dollars ($5) per semester hour; the Registrar's 
fee for work done outside the regular college classes shall be two and 
one half dollars ($2.50) per hour; the additional fee for work done 
outside the regular college classes to be arranged for with the 
teachers concerned. 



20 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

SCHOLARSHIPS AND LOANS 

The College offers a limited number of one hundred and forty 
dollar free tuition scholarships, $70 a year for two years, to honor 
graduates of the State Normal Schools and approved High Schools 
and Academies. 

The College also offers a free tuition scholarship of $70 a year for 
two years to a literary graduate of Shenandoah Collegiate Institute, 
Dayton, Va. The recipient of that scholarship will be determined by 
Lebanon Valley College. 

Honor graduates of preparatory schools who have conditions may 
be allowed to make them up in the freshman year. If the first 
semester's work shows a majority of A's and nothing less than B in 
all work including conditions, a scholarship may be awarded. 

Students preparing for the ministry in the Church of the United 
Brethren in Christ and having quarterly or annual conference license 
to preach, will be entitled to $100.00 tuition in the college on certain 
conditions. 

The Bishop J. S. Mills Scholarship Fund 

This fund, established by a gift of $1,000, is available. 

The H. S. Immel Scholarship Fund 

This fund, established by a gift of $3,000, is available "for young 
men in college who are preparing for the ministry in the Church of 
the United Brethren in Christ." 

The Eliza Bittinger Eberly Fund 

This fund consists of the income of a farm located near East 
Berlin, Adams County, Pa. 

The Daniel Eberly Fund 

This fund is available and is to be loaned to worthy students 
seeking an education in college. 

The Rev. H. C. Phillips Scholarship Fund 
This fund, established by a gift of $1,300 in memory of Rev. H. C. 
Phillips, given by his wife and daughter, is available for young men 
preparing for the ministry. 

The Mary A. Dodge Fund 

The income from this fund is loaned to worthy students. 

The Charles B. Rettew Scholarship 

This scholarship in Bonebrake Theological Seminary is limited to 
students from the East Pennsylvania Conference, who are graduates 
from Lebanon Valley College. 



BULLETIN 21 

The Dr. Henry B. Stehman Fund 

This fund has been provided by Dr. Henry B. Stehman to help 
needy ministerial students. This fund is awarded by the President of 
the College. 

Elizabeth A. Mower Scholarship Fund 

This fund was provided by a gift of $200 from Miss Elizabeth A. 
Mow^er, the income of which is to be used to help a needy student. 

SCHOLARSHIPS SECURED DURING THE RECENT 
ENDOWMENT CAMPAIGN 

The following is a list of Scholarship Funds which were subscribed 
during and since the endowment campaign of 1918. 

The Biological Scholarship $3,010.00 

The Medical Scholarship 825.00 

The Harvey E. Herr Memorial Scholarship Fund 1,000.00 

The William E. Duff Scholarship Fund 1,000.00 

The C. C. Gingrich Scholarship Fund 2,000.00 

The Harvey L. Seltzer Scholarship Fund 2,000.00 

The S. F. Engle Scholarship Fund 2,000.00 

The Ezra G. Ranck and Wife Scholarship Fund 1,000.00 

The Mary C. Bixler Scholarship Fund 1,000.00 

The Edwin M. Hershey Scholarship Fund 1,500.00 

The Otterbein Sunday School, Harrisburg, Scholarship 

Fund 1,100.00 

The Henry C. and Anna S. Kaufman and Family Scholar- 
ship Fund 1,000.00 

The Barbara June Kettering Scholarship Fund 1,000.00 

The Dorothy Jean Bachman Scholarship Fund 1,000.00 

The Mrs. Elizabeth H. Millard Memorial Scholarship Fund 5,000.00 

The H. S. Immel Scholarship Fund (1st, 2nd and 3rd funds) 6,500.00 

The Sophia Plitt Scholarship Fund 3,366.00 

The G. D. Gossard and W r ife Scholarship Fund 1,000.00 

The A. S. Kreider Scholarship Fund for Ministerial Stu- 
dents 10,000.00 

Penna. Conference Branch C. E. Scholarship 2,000.00 

East Penna. Conference Branch C. E. Scholarship 2,000.00 



22 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

EXPENSES 

The rates on the following pages apply to the school year 1923-1924. 

MATRICULATION 

The Matriculation fee in the College is $12.00. This fee is not 
subject to refund, nor is there any rebate allowed for any reason. 

Special students who take less than half work in the regular ap- 
pointed classes, or any students who take work outside of regular 
recitation periods, are required to pay matriculation according to the 
number of studies taken. 

Matriculation for Music ranges from one dollar to eight dollars. 
No additional fee is required for music from students who have 
already matriculated for College departments. 

TUITION 

For seventeen hours or less in the College the annual tuition is 
$150.00. $5.00 per semester is charged for each additional hour of 
work taken in regular classes, or for each semester hour of work 
for which credit is allowed, taken outside of regular college recitation 
periods. Credit can be allowed only when the work has been 
taken under instructors approved by the Executive Committee. 

Ministers' children in the College department are entitled to a 
rebate on full tuition of $50.00. Scholarships do not cover the tuition 
for extra work taken. 

LABORATORY FEES 

To cover the cost of materials used in the Laboratories, the follow- 
ing fees are charged: 

Each 
Semester 

Biology 18 $6.00 

Biology 28 6.00 

Biology 38 6.00 

Biology 48 6.00 

Biology 58 6.00 

Chemistry 18 8.00 

Chemistry 28 \ 8.00 

Chemistry 38 8.00 

Chemistry 48 12.00 

Chemistry 54 4.00 



BULLETIN 23 

Each 
Semester 

Physics 18 5.00 

Physics 28 5.00 

Physics 34 5.00 

Psychology 22 2.50 

There will be no refund of laboratory fees. 

A deposit of $2 is required of each student in the Biological 
laboratory as a guarantee for the return of keys and apparatus. The 
amount, less any deductions for loss or breakage, is refunded when 
keys and apparatus are returned. 

Breakage Deposit for Chemistry Courses — Chemistry 18, $3; 
Chemistry 28, $4; Chemistry 38, $4; Chemistry 48, $5. All breakage 
in the Chemical laboratory will be charged against the individual 
student and any balance of the above deposits due the student at 
the completion of his course will be returned or credited to his 
account, and any deficit beyond his deposit will be charged to his 
regular College account. 

BOARDING 

The domestic department is in charge of a skilled and competent 
chef. Plain, substantial and palatable food especially adapted to the 
needs of the student is provided. The kitchen is furnished with the 
most modern equipment and all food is prepared in the most sanitary 
manner. 

The boarding rate for the school year 1923-1924 is $200.00. Stu- 
dents who stop school during the school term will be required to pay 
board at the rate of $6.50 per week during their stay in school. A 
rebate of forty dollars is allowed for five-day students. These rates 
do not include Thanksgiving, Christmas and Easter vacations. 

If foodstuffs advance in cost, there will be a corresponding increase 
in boarding rates. 

All students who do not room and board at their homes are re- 
quired to room and board in the college unless special permission be 
obtained from the Executive Committee to do otherwise. Students 
refusing to comply with this regulation forfeit their privileges as stu- 
dents in the College. 

ROOM RENT 

Room rent varies from $32.00 to $75.00 except when double rooms 
are assigned to only one student, then the occupant will pay the 
regular rent for two. A deposit fee of $5.00 is required when a room 
is reserved. This fee will be deducted from the second half year's 
payment. 



24 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

When five or more day students -occupy one room, then the rate 
to each occupant is $22.50 and must be paid at the opening of the 
school year, and there will be no refund. 

Occupants of a room are held responsible for all breakage and loss 
of furniture or any loss whatever for which the student is respon- 
sible. 

Each room in the Men's Dormitory is furnished with a cot, mat- 
tress, one chair and study table for each occupant. Students must 
furnish their own bedding, carpets, towels, napkins, soap and all 
other necessary furnishings. 

Each room in the Women's Dormitories is furnished with a rug, 
bed, mattress, chair, dresser and study table. All other desired fur- 
nishings must be supplied by the student. 

All students to whom rooms are assigned are strictly forbidden to 
sub-let their rooms to day students or to others for a money or any 
other consideration. 

One 40-watt light is furnished for each occupant of a room. Any 
additional lights must be paid for by the student at the rate of $3 per 
light per year. Only 40-watt lights are allowed. 

The College reserves the right to close all the dormitories during 
the Thanksgiving, Christmas and Easter vacations. 

ESTIMATED EXPENSES 

The minimum expense for men is $394 and for women $388. The 
maximum expense for a full course in L. V. C. for one year, exclu- 
sive of laboratory fees, books and personal expenses, is $437 for men 
and $431 for women. 

GRADUATION FEE 

Sixty days prior to Commencement, candidates for degrees are 
required to pay the following fees: 

Students graduating in the College $15.00; in Music, $13.00; those 
receiving certificates in Music $8.00. 

REGULATIONS 

Matriculation fee must be paid at the time of enrollment. 

Laboratory fees must be paid at the beginning of each Semester. 

Bills for regular College expenses, including Tuition, Boarding, 
and Room Rent, are issued at the beginning of each semester, cover- 
ing the expenses for the full semester. These bills are due on the 
day they are issued and must be paid within ten days. 

When a student leaves school or the boarding hall for any other 
reason than sickness, he shall pay board at the rate of $6.50 per week, 



BULLETIN 25 

without any rebate or refund, except when ordered otherwise by the 
Finance Committee of the College. 

Satisfactory settlement for all bills and fees is required before an 
honorable dismissal can be granted and before grades are recorded 
or given to the student. 

Students who are candidates for Diplomas or Certificates must 
make full settlement entirely satisfactory to the Finance Committee 
before diplomas or certificates will be sealed and delivered. 

ABSENCE AND SICKNESS 

When students retain their class standing during absence from 
school because of sickness or for any other reason, no rebate or 
refund will be allowed on tuition, or room rent. 

In case of sickness which occasions loss of class standing, a rea- 
sonable rebate or refund will be allowed on tuition. 

When a student is absent from school more than two weeks in 
succession because of sickness, and retains his room during the time 
of absence, then a rebate of $4.00 per week will be allowed for all 
absence exceeding the two weeks. Reductions cannot be allowed for 
athletic, glee club, or banquet trips. 

AID TO STUDENTS 

Help is extended annually to a limited number of students, but 
only to those pursuing full courses in the College. This help is 
given in the form of Merit Scholarships, Ministerial Scholarships, 
Waiterships, Janitorships, Tutorships, or Library work. All of this 
help is extended or given only upon the condition that the recipient 
proves loyal to the school and complies with all the rules and regu- 
lations of the College. 

A student forfeits the privilege of a scholarship or other help 
from the school when his average grade falls below passing stand- 
ards or when in any way he refuses to cooperate with the College, or 
when he disregards the regulations of the institution. 

Students rooming in Dormitories and boarding at the College Din- 
ing Hall will be given preference when work of various kinds is 
assigned. 

REQUIREMENTS FOR ADMISSION 

Students may be admitted to Freshman standing in Lebanon Val- 
ley College on the following plans: 

I Admission by Certificate. The following classes of candidates 
are admitted to Freshman standing on presentation of certificates 



26 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

signed by the proper authorities showing the kind and amount of 
work done: 

1. Graduates from any four-year high school course approved 
by the Pennsylvania State Department of Education. 

2. Graduates from any four-year course of a school accredited by 
the Association of Colleges and Preparatory Schools of the Middle 
States and Maryland, or by the State University of the state in which 
the school is located. 

Such certificates must represent a total of at least 15 units of 
work and must meet the requirements outlined in the Table of Re- 
quirements for Admission. 

A unit represents the work of a school year of no less than thirty- 
six w r eeks, with five periods of at least forty-five minutes each per 
week, or four periods of one hour each per week. A unit, therefore, 
is the equivalent of one hundred and eighty recitation periods of forty- 
five minutes each, or one hundred and forty-four periods of one hour 
each. 

Blank entrance credit certificates will be furnished upon applica- 
tion to the Registrar. 

II Admission by Examination. Candidates not presenting ap- 
proved certificates may be admitted upon examination. Examina- 
tions will be given upon the work covered by the list of secondary 
subjects approved by the Association of Colleges and Preparatory 
Schools of the Middle States and Maryland. Candidates for admis- 
sion by examination must meet the same specific requirements as 
those for admission by certificate. 



BULLETIN 



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28 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 



THE CURRICULUM 

ARRANGEMENT OF COURSES OF STUDY 

Lebanon Valley College offers three courses of study leading to 
the Baccalaureate degree: 

(1) A course leading to the degree of Bachelor of Arts (A.B.) 

(2) A course leading to the degree of Bachelor of Science (B.S.) 

(3) A course leading to the degree of Bachelor of Science in Edu- 
cation (B.S. in Ed.) 

The total number of credits required of candidates for these 
degrees is the same in each case, viz., 124 semester hours, exclusive 
of the requirement in Physical Education (see page 54). As part 
of this total requirement, every candidate must present at least 24 
semester hours in one department (to be known as his Major), and at 
least 16 semester hours in another department (to be known as his 
Minor). Both Major and Minor must be selected not later than 
the beginning of the Junior year, the Minor to be suitably related 
to the Major, and chosen with the advice and approval of the Head 
of the Major department. 

The A.B. degree will be awarded to those fulfilling the require- 
ments for a Major in the following departments: Bible and New 
Testament Greek, English, French," German, Greek, History, Latin, 
Mathematics (Arts option), Political and Social Science, Philosophy 
and Religion. 

The B.S. degree will be awarded to those fulfilling the require- 
ments for a Major in the following departments: Biology, Chem- 
istry, Mathematics (Science option), Physics. 

The B.S. in Ed. degree will be awarded to those fulfilling the 
requirements for a Major in Education, but in this case two Minors 
of not less than 16 semester hours each must be presented. 

GENERAL REQUIREMENTS 

Certain courses, embodying the fundamentals of a liberal educa- 
tion, are required of all students. These courses, which vary slightly 
according to the degree sought, are as follows: 



BULLETIN 



29 



A.B. 


B.S. 


B.S. in Ed. 


Bible, 14, 54. 


Bible 14, 54. 


Bible 14, 54. 


English 12, 14, 26. 


English 12, 14, 26. 


English 12, 14, 26. 


French 16 or 


French 16 or 


French 16 or 


German 16. 


German 16. 


German 16. 


History 46. 


History 46. 


History 46. 


*Latin 16 or 


Mathematics 13, 23, 


Latin 16 or 


Math. 13, 23. 


36. 


Math. 13, 23. 


Philosophy 23, 33. 


Philosophy 13, 23, or 


Psychology 12, 22. 


Economics 16 or 


Economics 16 or 


Economics 16 or 


Pol. Science 16 or 


Pol. Science 16 or 


Pol. Science 16 or 


Sociology 16. 


Sociology 16. 


Sociology 16. 


Biology 18 or 


Biology 18. 


Biology 18 or 


Chemistry 18 or 


Chemistry 18. 


Chemistry 18 or 


Physics 18. 


Physics 18. 


Physics 18. 



*Latin is required of all students majoring in English, French, Greek, or 

Latin, and of such others as present three or more units of Latin for entrance. 

For explanation of numbers used above see the departmental announcements 



SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS 

In addition to the General Requirements listed above, some of the 
departments require students majoring therein to take certain addi- 
tional courses in subjects closely related to the Major. Such require- 
ments are as follows: 

With Major in Bible and New Testament Greek: Greek 16. 
With Major in English: History 36, Latin 26. 
With Major in French: Latin 26. 
With Major in German: History 26. 

With Major in History: A second one of Economics 16 or Pol. 
Science 16 or Sociology 16. 

With Major in Mathematics (Arts option) : Philosophy 12. 
With Major in Philosophy and Religion: Greek 36, History 56. 
With Major in Political and Social Science: History 36. 



ARRANGEMENT OF COURSES BY YEARS 

All the courses included in the foregoing list of General and Spe- 
cial Requirements will ordinarily be taken in fixed years of the 
college course. The normal arrangement for students seeking the 
A.B. and B.S. degree is exhibited below; for course leading to B.S. 
in Ed. see announcement under department of Education. 



30 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 



First Year 



A. B. 



Hours 

per 
week. 



Bible 14 

English 12, 14 

Four of the following, of 
which one must be French 
or German, and one must 
be Latin, or Mathematics: 

French 06, 16 or 26 

German 06 or 16 

Spanish 06 or 16 

Greek 16 

History 16 

Latin 16 

Math. 13, 23 



12 



Hours 
B. S. per 

week. 

Bible 14 2 

English 12, 14 3 

French 06 or 16 or 

German 06 or 16 3 

Math. 13, 23 3 

One of: 



Biology 18 or 

Chemistry 18 or 

Physics 18 4 



A. B. 



17 
Second Year 

Hours 



15 



per 
week. 



English 26 3 

One of: 

Biology 18 or 

Chemistry 18 or 

Physics 18 4 

*Elective 9 



Hours 

B. S. per 

week. 

English 26 3 

Mathematics 36 3 

Remaining two of: 

Biology 18 or 

Chemistry 18 or 

Physics 18 8 

*Elective 3 



16 



* This should include Latin 26, His- 
tory 26, History 36, or History 56, 
where these are among the special re- 
quirements for the Major; and must in- 
clude French 16 or German 16 if course 
06 was taken in the first year. 

Third Year 



17 



* This must be French 16 or German 
16 if course 06 was taken in the first 
year. 



A. B. 

One of: 

Economics 16 or 
Political Science 16 or 

Sociology 16 

Philosophy 23, 33 .... 
*Elective 



Hours 

per 
week. 



B. S. 



Hours 

per 
week. 



One of: 

Economics 16 or 
Political Science 16 or 
3 Sociology 16 or 

3 Philosophy 23, 33 3 

9 Elective 12 



15 



* This should include Philosophy 12, 
or Greek 36, where these are among 
the special requirements for the Major. 



15 



BULLETIN 31 

Fourth Year 

Hours Hours 

A. B. per B. S. per 

week. week. 

Bible 54 2 Bible 54 2 

History 46 3 History 46 3 

Elective 9 Elective 10 

14 15 

N.B. The figures in the above exhibits are for hours per week 
throughout the year, and must therefore be doubled to find the 
number of semester hours credit in each case. 



32 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 



DESCRIPTION OF COURSES 

ASTRONOMY 

Professor Lehman 

13. General Astronomy — Three hours. First Semester. 

A course in descriptive astronomy. Reports on assigned read- 
ings. Important constellations and star groups are studied. 

A fine four-and-a-half-inch achromatic telescope adds to the inter- 
est of the subject. 

Open to Juniors and Seniors. 

BIBLE AND NEW TESTAMENT GREEK 

Professors Spangler and Butterwick 
Major: Bible 14, 24, 34, 44 or 54; New Testament Greek 46, 56. 
Special requirement: Greek 16. 

Minor: Bible 14, 24, 54; New Testament Greek 46. 

COURSES IN BIBLE 

14. Old Testament History. Two hours. Throughout the year. 
This course is designed to acquaint the student with the main 

facts of Old Testament History, and to serve as a working basis for 
succeeding courses. Professor Spangler. 

24. The New Testament. Two hours. Throughout the year. 

(a) First semester. A comprehensive study of the Gospel nar- 
rative, the Acts of the Apostles, and the Epistles, with special empha- 
sis on the life and character of Paul. 

(b) Second semester. A constructive study of the life of Christ. 

Professor Spangler. 
34. The Prophets. Two hours. Throughout the year. 

(a) First semester. The Major Prophets, preceded by a study 
of prophecies in the earlier books. 

(b) Second semester. The Minor Prophets, and prophecy in the 
New Testament. Professor Spangler. 

44. Bible Introduction. Two hours. Throughout the year. 
An intensive study of selected books, with a view to constructive 
criticism and original work in introduction. 

Professor Spangler. 

54. The Religious History of the Jews During the Time of the 
Kingdoms. Two hours. Throughout the year. 



BULLETIN 33 

The purpose of this course is to furnish the student with a knowl- 
edge of the religious growth and practises during the time of the 
Kingdoms under the leadership of the prophets. 

Professor Butterwick. 

COURSES IN NEW TESTAMENT GREEK 

Professor Spangler 

46. A Synoptic Gospel and the General Epistles. 

56. The Gospel by John and the Pauline Epistles. 

Each course: Three hours. Throughout the year. 

These courses are designed to acquaint the student with New 
Testament Greek and to furnish him with a good, working basis 
for sound exegesis in the New Testament. They will be given in 
alternate years; in 1923-24, course 56 will be offered. 

BIOLOGY 

Professor Derickson and Assistants 
The work outlined in the following courses in Biology is intended 
to acquaint the students with those fundamental facts necessary for 
a proper interpretation of the phenomena manifested by the living 
things with which they are surrounded and to lay a broad founda- 
tion for specialization in any university in professional courses in 
Biology. 

Those completing the courses will find themselves well prepared 
for the work in the best medical schools, for graduate courses in 
the state colleges and universities, for teaching the biological sciences 
in high schools and academies and for assistantships in university 
and experiment station laboratories in the departments of agricul- 
ture and the United States Biological Survey. 

Major: Courses 18, 28, 38, and any additional courses in Biology 
amounting to six or more additional hours. 

Minor: Course 18 and one of 28, 38, 48, 58. 

13. General Biology. Four hours. Throughout the year. 

Two lectures, one recitation and two hours laboratory work each 
week. The object of the course is to acquaint the student with the 
essential structures and processes of living things. 

Plants and animals are studied in the laboratory to observe the 
structure, properties and activities of living protoplasm as illustrated 
by organisms composed of a single cell, simple tissues and of sys- 
tems of organs. The principles of development, heredity, homology, 
classification, adaptation and evolution are also considered. 



34 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

Required of freshmen preparing for medicine or majoring in 
Biology. 

Required of sophomores majoring in Chemistry, Mathematics and 
Physics. Elective for others. 

Texts: — Woodruff's Foundations of Biology. Baitsell's Labora- 
tory Directions for General Biology. 

28. *Botany. Four hours. Throughout the year. 

Three lectures or recitations and two laboratory periods of two 
hours each, per week. 

The object of the course is to give the student a broad general 
knowledge of the plant kingdom. The form, structure and func- 
tioning of one or more types of each of the divisions of algae, fungae, 
liverworts, mosses, ferns and seed plants are studied. 

Special attention is given to the phylogeny and ontogeny of the 
several groups and constant comparisons made of those structures 
indicating relationships. The principles of classification are learned 
by the analysis and identification of about one hundred and fifty 
species of Bryophytes, Pteridophytes and Spermatophytes repre- 
sented in the local spring flora. These studies are conducted in the 
field so that the plant is seen as a dynamic force adapted to its 
environment. 

Required of those majoring in Biology. Elective for others. 

Texts: — Coulter, Barnes and Cowles' Textbook of Botany. 
Grays' New Manual of Botany, seventh edition. 

38. *Zoology. Four hours. Throughout the year. 

Three lectures or recitations and two laboratory periods of two 
hours each, per week. 

The course is intended to acquaint the student with the structure, 
life history and behavior of representatives of each phylum of ani- 
mals. In the study of types, structure, function and adaptation are 
given equal emphasis. The principles of phylogony and ontogeny are 
considered. 

The laboratory and class work is supplemented by field studies 
including observations of habits, ecological conditions and the use 
of keys for identification and classification. 

Required of those majoring in Biology. Elective for others. 

Text: — Hegner's College Zoology. 

48. t Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy. Four hours. Through- 
out the year. Six hours laboratory work and two hours of confer- 
ence and demonstration each week. 



*Biology 28 and 38 are given in alternate years. Biology 38 will be given 
m 1923-1924. 



BULLETIN 35 

The course consists of the dissection and study of a suctorial fish, 
a cartilaginous fish, a bony fish, an amphibian, a reptile, a bird and 
a mammal. 

Carefully labeled drawings are required of each student as a 
record of each dissection. 

Elective for those preparing for medicine or majoring in Biology. 

Texts — Kingsley's Textbook of Vertebrate Zoology. Pratt's 
Vertebrate Zoology. 

58. t Vertebrate Embryology and Histology. Four hours. 
Throughout the year. Two lectures and six hours laboratory work 
each week. 

The course consists of the study of the principles of development 
of vertebrates. The origin of the sex cells, fertilization, the environ- 
ment of the embryo, the histogenisis of tissues and organs, and the 
significance of the transition stages in development receive attention. 
The laboratory work of the first half of the year is based on the 
chick and pig, the remainder of the year to the normal histology of 
the adult mammalian tissues. 

Each student receives individual instruction in the technic neces- 
sary for the preparation of the material used in the course. 

Elective for those preparing for medicine or majoring in Biology. 

Texts — Patten's The Chick. Prentis and Avery's Textbook of 
Embryology. Hill's A Manual of Histology and Organography. 

CHEMISTRY 

Professor Bender and Assistants 

The Department of Chemistry offers to such students as do not 
intend entering the chemistry or engineering professions such a grasp 
of the fundamentals of the science as is needed by the modern in- 
telligent citizen. For those intending to enter chemistry as a pro- 
fession or to enter professions of which chemistry makes up a vital 
part the department aims to cover the ground and to offer the best 
training that modern methods in chemistry afford. Students com- 
pleting the work offered by the department should be able to meet 
all requirements that the industries demand of undergraduate 
chemists. 

Major. Courses 18, 28, 38, 48. 

Minor. Courses 18, 28 or 48. 

18. General Inorganic Chemistry. Four hours. Throughout 



t Biology 48 and Biology 58 are given in alternate years. Biology 58 will 
be given in 1923-1924. 



36 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

the year. Two demonstration lectures, one recitation and one 
three-hour laboratory period per week. 

A thorough and systematic treatment of the fundamental principles 
of the science and their application. The elements, their classifica- 
tions and compounds are studied in detail. While the course pre- 
pares the student for the courses that follow, the needs of the 
student who will pursue the subject no farther are kept in mind. 
Consequently a broader field is covered than that offered by the 
average text-book in general chemistry. 

Text-book: — Holmes' General Chemistry. 

Laboratory Manual: — Kendall's. 

Laboratory Hours: — Section A, Wednesdays, 1-4. 
Section B, Thursdays, 1-4. 
Section C, Fridays, 1-4. 

28. Qualitative Analysis. Four hours. Throughout the year. 
Two lectures or recitations and six hours of laboratory work per 
week. The theories and principles of analytical chemistry are studied. 

The course includes a study of the systematic methods of sepa- 
rating and detecting all of the ordinary metals and acid radicals. 
The laboratory work includes the analysis of about thirty solutions 
and solids varying in complexity from simple salts to complex in- 
soluble artificial mixtures. 

Text-book: — Stieglitz's Qualitative Analysis, Vol. 1. 

Laboratory Manual: — Stieglitz's Qualitative Manual, Vol. 2. 

Laboratory Hours: — Mondays and Tuesdays, 1-4. 

38. Quantitative Analysis. Four hours. Throughout the year. 
One lecture or recitation and eight hours of laboratory work per 
week. A study of the methods and principles of quantative analysis 
and chemical calculations. 

The laboratory work includes simple introductory determinations, 
acidimetry, alkalimetry, partial analysis of copper, iron, lead, zinc 
and Manganese ores, analysis of coal, alloys, limestone, cement and 
silicate rock, electrolytic analysis, gas analysis, and a few organic 
analyses including fertilizers, milk and butter. 

Text-books: — Mahin's Quantitative Analysis, with frequent refer- 
ence to other works. Whitely's Chemical Calculations. 

Laboratory Hours: — Mondays and Tuesdays, 1-5. 

48. Organic Chemistry. Four hours. Throughout the year. Two 
hours lectures and recitations and six hours of laboratory work per 
week. 

Classification and type reactions are emphasized rather than the 
consideration of specific compounds. The sources of organic mate- 



BULLETIN 37 

rials are considered as well as the prominence of organic chemistry 
in modern industry. Dyes, medicinals, disinfectants, explosives and 
the chemistry of foods and their relations to nutrition are considered 
as thoroughly as time permits. The laboratory work consists of 
about sixty experiments covering the preparation and study of a 
wide range of representative compounds. Prerequisite, Chemistry 18. 

Text-book: — Perkin and Kipping's. 

Laboratory Manual: — Fisher's Laboratory Manual of Organic 
chemistry. 

Laboratory Hours: — Wednesdays and Thursdays, 1-4. 

54. Physical Chemistry. Two hours. Throughout the year. 
Lectures and conferences. Prerequisites, Chemistry 38 and 48, and 
a working knowledge of the Calculus. The course will be given in 
1923-24 if a sufficient number of students elect it. 

Text-book: — Washburn's Principles of Physical Chemistry. 

EDUCATION AND PSYCHOLOGY 

Professors Hoke and Butterwick 

While the primary aim of this department is to provide training 
for those who desire to enter the teaching profession, yet it is be- 
lieved that the courses offered will be useful also in connection with 
the training of children and in the social relationships of the edu- 
cated man and woman. Education is one of the most important 
concerns of society. A serious study of the problems of education 
will enable the college men and women to give society intelligent 
leadership in many of its most important undertakings. 

The courses of the department have been planned with special 
reference to the requirements of the State of Pennsylvania. Students 
who, for any reason, wish to teach in other states, should early 
consult with the head of the department in the selection of courses 
to meet the requirements of such states. 

The Pennsylvania State Council of Education has approved the 
following regulations for the College Provisional Certificate: 

"This certificate entitles the holder to teach for three years the 
subjects prescribed for a public high school of the third class or to 
teach in any public high school of the Commonwealth the subjects 
indicated on its face. 

The applicant for this certificate must be a graduate of an ap- 
proved college or university and must have successfully completed 
at least eighteen semester hours of work of college grade in educa- 
tion distributed as follows: 



38 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

Introduction to Teaching 3 semester hours 

Educational Psychology 3 semester hours 

Practice Teaching 6 semester hours 

Electives in Education 6 semester hours 

The holder of this certificate will be certified to teach each subject 
in which not less than twelve semester hours have been completed." 
In order to meet these requirements, students of the college 
who are candidates for the A.B. or B.S. degree are advised to do 
their major and minor work in subjects which are ordinarily taught 
in the public high schools. They should, furthermore, register in 
the Junior year for Education 102 and 112 and should at the same 
time take Psychology 12 and 22, which are prerequisite to the courses 
in Educational Psychology (Psychology 32 and 42). The latter are 
required by this state and should be taken in the Senior year. Dur- 
ing the Senior year Education 142, 152 and 186 should also be taken. 
To those who are preparing for work in Education as a pro- 
fession, and who desire to make a more complete preparation than 
the minimum required by the state, the following elective courses 
are offered: Education 122, 132, 162, 172. 

For the degree B.S. in Education a Major in Education will be 
required, consisting of any courses in Education or Educational 
Psychology totaling twenty-four semester hours. For the A.B. 
and B.S. degrees, Education is not accepted as a Major, and should 
not ordinarily be selected as a Minor. 

Education 

102. History of Education. Two hours. First semester. This 
course is an analysis of the history of education from the days of 
primitive man to the present day, with special emphasis upon the 
work of Rousseau, Pestalozzi, Herbart and Froebel, as the forerun- 
ners of modern educational theories and practices. 

112. History of Education in the United States. Two hours. 
Second semester. Study of education in colonial times; early at- 
tempts at organizing systems of education; the history of the ele- 
mentary school; the Latin Grammar school; the academy move- 
ment; the history and growth of high schools; colleges and uni- 
versities; the present public school. 

122. Philosophy of Education. Two hours. First semester. 
This course aims to orient teachers and to supply a basis for con- 
structive thinking in the field of education. It will include a discus- 
sion of the aims and methods of public education from the modern 
point of view. Various theories in education will be considered. 



BULLETIN 39 

The class will study the changes that have been brought about in 
educational conceptions as they have been influenced by modern 
industrial, social and scientific developments. 

132. Principles of Secondary Education. Two hours. Second 
semester. The high school pupils, their physical and mental traits, 
individual differences, and the make-up of the high school popula- 
tion; the secondary school as an institution, its history, its relation 
to elementary education, and to higher education; social principles 
determining secondary education; aims and functions of secondary 
education; the curriculum; the place, function, and value of the 
several subjects of the curriculum; organization and management 
of the high school. 

142. Methods of Teaching in High School. Two hours. First 
semester. A study of the high school teaching problems; the general 
principles of instruction; the principal types of teaching; the kinds 
of learning involved in the various secondary subjects and the cor- 
responding methods of instruction. The discussion of reports from 
observations and practice teaching. 

152. School Management and Law. Two hours. Second 
semester. This course considers the organization and management 
of high school courses of study, schedules, discipline, supervision 
of study, educational and vocational guidance, problems of social 
and athletic and literary activities, school-community activities, stu- 
dent self-government and other socializing processes; the legal 
status of schools, their support and control by state, county and 
local authorities. 

162. Educational and Mental Measurements. Two hours. First 
semester. This course will attempt to provide a survey of the essen- 
tials of educational measurements, the measurement of intelligence, 
and so much of statistical and graphical methods as will be needed 
for the interpretation of the results of tests. Students will be given 
practice in using some of the more important educational and mental 
tests. 

172. School Supervision and Administration. Two hours. Second 
semester. An introductory, comprehensive course designed for stu- 
dents who desire to study the principles underlying educational 
organization, administration, and supervision. Lectures, reading, 
reports and discussions. The course is planned for those who look 
forward to careers in this profession. 

186. Practice Teaching. Six hours either semester or three hours 
throughout the year. This course is open to seniors only. The 



40 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

work will be conducted in connection with the study of methods of 
teaching in high school. After a brief period of observations, stu- 
dents will be given charge of classes. Students are assigned to do 
their practice work in classes within the field of their majors. Re- 
ports of observations, lesson plans, and a weekly conference hour 
are required. 

Psychology 

12. Psychology. Two hours. First semester. Introductory 
course, intended to give the student a general knowledge of the 
phenomena of the mind; to lay the foundation for further psycho- 
logical work; and to provide a psychological basis for the study of 
education, sociology and philosophy. 

22. Experimental Psychology. Two hours. Second semester. 
A brief, introductory course in Experimental Psychology. A knowl- 
edge of the elements of General Psychology will be assumed. In 
connection with the course the class will make a hasty review of 
Psychology so far as may be necessary as a basis for the work. 

32. Educational Psychology. Two hours. First semester. Em- 
phasis on the topics of general psychology which form the basis for 
educational application. A study of the mental characteristics of 
children of various ages; individual differences, their measurements, 
causes and significance; school tests and scales; the laws of learning, 
and of behavior. 

42. Adolescent Psychology. Two hours. Second semester. In- 
asmuch as the work of the college department of education is pri- 
marily that of preparing teachers for the high school, special atten- 
tion is given in this course to the study of the adolescent, with only 
so much attention to earlier periods of childhood as may be necessary 
for the understanding of the characteristics of adolescence. 

ENGLISH 

Professors Beatty, Myers and Seltzer 

The English department has a four-fold aim: to improve the 
student's ability to convey information effectively and persuasively 
by written and oral composition; to acquaint the student with the 
general field of English Literature, and to familiarize him with 
characteristic leaders of the literary movements studied; to give the 
student especially interested in English an opportunity to do ad- 
vanced work in oral and written composition with a view to enter- 
ing the writing or teaching professions; to give more highly special- 



BULLETIN 41 

ized courses for undergraduates and graduates desiring to specialize 
in one or more fields of interest. 

Major: Courses 12, 14, 26, 42, 52 or 512, 66, 72 or 82. Special 
Requirements: History 36, Latin 26. 

Minor: Courses 12, 14, 26, 42, 52 or 512, 72 or 82. 

14. Theory and Practice of English Composition. Two hours. 
Throughout the year. Required of all college freshmen. 

The aim of this course is to improve the student's ability to convey 
information, to present ideas consecutively, and to be persuasive. The 
first semester is devoted to the composition of ideas; the second 
semester emphasizes the composition of images. 

Texts: — Baldwin's College Composition; Lomer and Ashman's 
Study and Practice of Writing English. 

12. Public Speaking. One hour. Throughout the year. Required 
of all college freshmen. This course is given in connection with 
Eng. 14. It aims to give the student practice in the fundamentals 
of oral expression, and to help him so organize and present his 
material as to improve his written composition. 

26. History of English Literature. Three hours. Throughout the 
year. Required of all college sophomores. 

This course is a survey of English Literature from the Anglo- 
Saxon period to the present. 

Texts: — Fletcher's History of English Literature; Century Selec- 
tions of Readings in English Literature. 

32. Advanced Public Speaking. One hour. Throughout the year. 
Open to those who have completed English 14 and English 12. 
This course is given in conjunction with English 34. 

This course is a further study of the principles of oral expression, 
with special emphasis on extemporaneous speaking from assigned 
subjects, the preparation and delivery of occasional speeches and 
original orations. 

34. Advanced Composition. Two hours. Throughout the year. 
Open to those who have completed English 12 and English 14. 

This course aims to familiarize the student with the types of 
expository writing and the special feature article. 

Texts: — Curl's Expository Writing; Bleyer's How to Write Spe- 
cial Feature Articles. 

42. Social Ideals of the late Seventeenth and Eighteenth Cen- 
turies. Two hours. First semester. 

This course aims to give a somewhat intensive study of the Litera- 



42 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

ture from the Restoration to the Revolutionary Period, emphasizing 

the development of prose. 

Text:— Gosse's History of English Literature (18th Cen.) 

512. Revolutionary Literature, 1789-1832. Two hours. Second 

Semester. 

This course covers the period from Burke to Scott with special 

emphasis on the poets, Southey, Coleridge, Wordsworth, Shelley, 

Byron and Keats. 

Texts: — Saintsbury's History of English Literature (19th Cen.) 

52. American Literature. Two hours. Second semester. 

This course alternates with the Revolutionary Literature course 

and therefore will not be offered during 1923-24. 

66. Shakespeare and the Drama. Three hours. Throughout the 
year. 

The development of the drama is traced from the beginning to the 
closing of the theatres in 1642. The development of Shakespeare 
as a dramatic artist is shown by a study of each play and with a care- 
ful reading of at least ten plays. Various tendencies are traced 
through the Restoration Drama to the present. 

Texts: — Neilson's The Chief Elizabethan Dramatists; Tupper's 
Representative English Dramas from Dryden to Sheridan. 

72. The Short Story. Two hours. First semester. 

This course covers the history of the short story and makes an 
analysis of the same. Students taking this work are required to 
write examples illustrating the types studied. 

Text: — Albright's Short Story. 

82. History of the Novel. Two hours. Second semester. 

By means of lectures and assigned readings the development of the 
novel is traced from the Gesta Romanorum to Robert Louis Ste- 
venson. 

Text: — Hamilton's Manual of the Art of Fiction. 

124. Argumentation and Debate. Two hours. Throughout the 
year. This course is planned to meet the needs of those who desire 
work in written argumentation and oral debate. It should be elected 
by all those who desire to enter intercollegiate debates. 

Text: — To be selected. 

132. Modern Drama. Two hours. First semester. 

This course consists of the analysis of the leading English, French, 
German, Spanish and Scandinavian dramas, and a study of the 
theories underlying their development. 

Text: — Dickinson's Chief Contemporary Dramatists. 



BULLETIN 43 

144. Library Science. Two hours. Throughout the year. 

This course has been planned with the object of giving instruction 
that will be of benefit to the student in doing general research work, 
also a general knowledge of the history of books, the arrangement 
of libraries, and book selection particularly adapted to high schools. 
Open only to Juniors and Seniors. 

FRENCH LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE 

Professors Green and Bennett 

The aim of this department is twofold: first, to give an accurate 
and practical knowledge of the French language, which will equip 
the student for teaching French in the secondary schools; and 
secondly, to develop an appreciation of the French spirit, as ex- 
pressed in literature, and an understanding of the main literary 
movements of France, which will be of value in any field of literary 
activity. 

Major: At least four of: Courses 16, 26, 36, 46. 56. Special re- 
quirement: Latin 26. 

Minor: Three of courses 16, 26, 36, 46, 56. 

For entrance to French 16, the preparatory course 06, or its 
equivalent (two j^ears of High School French) will be required. 
A student presenting three units of French for entrance will be 
admitted to French 26, the Major in such case consisting of courses 
26, 36, 46, 56, and the Minor of 26, and two of 36, 46, 56. French 
26 is a prerequisite for entrance to 36 or 46. 

05. Elementary French. Four hours. Throughout the year. 

This course is intended for those who begin French in college. 
Its aim is to enable the student to write simple French sentences, 
to carry on a conversation in easy French, and to read French of 
ordinary difficulty. College credit of six semester hours will be 
granted for this course, but it cannot be counted toward a Major. 
Fraser & Squair, French Grammar; Daudet, Contcs choisis. 

16. First Year College French. Three hours. Throughout the 
year. 

This is a continuation and extension of course 06, and includes 
further drill in the principles of grammar, practice in conservation, 
composition, and dictation, and more extensive reading. Fraser & 
Squair, French Grammar; Talbot, La France nouvelle ; Erckmann- 
Chatrian, Madame Theresa; George Sand, La mare au diable; Mau- 
passant, Huit contes choisis; Musset, Trois Comedies. 

26. French Literature of XVII Century. Three hours. Through- 
out the year. 



44 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

A study of the social and literary tendencies of the time, with spe- 
cial attention to the Classic Drama. Corneille, Le Cid; Moliere, 
Les Precieuses Ridicules, Le Bourgeois Gentvlhomme ; Racine, 
Andromaque, Athalie ; Selections from Boileau, L'Art Poetique, and 
La Fontaine's Fables, and from the chief prose writers of the century. 

*36. French Drama of the XVIII and XIX Centuries. Three 
hours. Throughout the year. 

The history of the drama from the eighteenth century to the pres- 
ent. Reading and discussion, in class, of : Beaumarohais, Le barbier 
de Seville; Hugo, Hemani; Augier, Le gendre de M. Poirier; 
Rostand, Cyrano de Bergerac; Maeterlinck, Pelleas let Melisande; 
Hervieu, La course du Flambeau. Class reports on other dramas 
of the same period. 

*46. French Prose and Lyrics of the XVIII and XIX Centuries. 
Three hours. Throughout the year. 

(a) History of the French Novel during the period indicated, 
with special study of representative works of Lesage, Mme de Stael, 
Chateaubriand, Hugo, Balzac, and writers of the naturalistic school. 

(b) The development of lyric poetry in the late eighteenth and 
in the nineteenth century, with a study of selections from Chenier, 
Lamartine, Alfred de Vigny, Hugo, Alfred de Musset, and Leconte 
de Lisle. 

56. Advanced Conversation & Prose Composition. Three hours. 
Throughout the year. 

This course is intended to promote fluency in conversation, and 
will include the writing of short essays in French. 

GERMAN LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE 

Professor Seltzer 

Major: Courses 16, 26, 36, 46. 

Special Requirement: History 26. 

Minor: Courses 16, 26, 36 or 46. 

06. Elementary German. Four hours. Throughout the year. 

Grammar; practise in speaking and writing; reading of easy prose; 
dictation. 

This course is elective for all students who do not offer German 
for entrance. College credit of six semester hours will be granted 
for the course, but it cannot be counted toward a Major in German. 



* Courses 36 and 46 are given in alternate years. In 1923-24, course 36 will 
be offered. 



BULLETIN 45 

16. Literature of the 19th Century. Three hours. Throughout 
the year. 

Fouque's Undine, Heine's Die Harzreise, Freytag's Die Journal- 
ist en. Scheffel's Ekhehard, Mueller's Deutsche Liebe ; Deutsche 
Gedichte, Wenkebach's Composition. 

26. Literature of the 18th Century. Three hours. Throughout 
the year. 

Representative works of Lessing, Schiller and Goethe will be read, 
discussed, and compared. 

36. General View of German Literature. Prerequisite German 26. 
Three hours. Throughout the year. 

Rapid reading of representative authors of each period; reading of 
selections from German History, Freytag's Ausdcm Jahrhundert des 
Grossen Krieges. Reports in German on assigned work. This course 
alternates with German 46. 

46. Goethe. Three hours. Throughout the year. 

Pre-requisite German 26. Study of Goethe's life and works; inten- 
sive study of Goethe's prose, poetry and drama; essays in German 
required. This course alternates with German 36. 

GREEK LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE 

Professors Bennett and Spangler 

Major: Courses 16, 26, 36, 46 or 56. 
Minor: Courses 16, 26, 36 or 46 or 56. 

16. Elementary Greek. Three hours. Throughout the year. 

Study of forms and syntax, with easy prose composition. Selec- 
tions from Xenophon's Anabasis. This course is intended for stu- 
dents who enter college with no Greek. 

26. First Year Greek. Three hours. Throughout the year. 

Xenophon : The Anabasis; selections previously unread. Homer : 
Selections from the Iliad; scansion and epic poetry. Herodotus: 
Selections from several of the books. 

36. (a) Philosophy. Three hours. First semester. 

Plato : The Apology of Socrates. Xenophon : Selections from 
the Memorabilia. Lectures on Greek philosophy from Thales to 
Plato. 

(b) Drama. Three hours. Second semester. 

Selections will be read from the tragedies of Aeschylus and 



46 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

Sophocles. Lectures on the Greek drama and its influence. Pre- 
requisite: Greek 16 and 26. 

46 and 56. New Testament Greek. Professor Spangler. 

These courses will be given in alternate years; in 1923-4 course 
56 will be offered. Three hours. Throughout the year. 

46. A Synoptic Gospel and the General Epistles. 

56. The Gospel by John and the Pauline Epistles. 

For further description of these courses see the announcements 
of the department of Bible & New Testament Greek. 

HISTORY 

Professors Shenk and Butterwick 

Major: Courses 16, 26, 36, 46. 

Special Requirement: A second one of Economics 16 
or Pol. Science 16 or Sociology 16 (in addition to General 
Requirements). 
Minor: Courses 26, 36, 46. 

The object of the courses in History is to give the student a 
higher standard of values: economic, civic, cultural and moral. The 
historical studies thus become the basis and the background for the 
discussion of the problems of Economics, Sociology, Ethics, Politics 
and Religion, for the appreciation of what is best in Literature and 
Art, and for an understanding of the contribution to humanity made 
by Science. The acquaintance with the varied experiences of the 
race thus secured will enable the student better to determine the 
worth and permanence of present tendencies, and to react intelli- 
gently upon the problems in the solution of which it will be his 
duty to have a part. 

16. Medieval and Early Modern Europe. Three hours. Through- 
out the year. 

(a) First semester. The history of the Middle Ages, with spe- 
cial study of its life and institutions. 

(b) Second semester. The history of Early Modern Europe, with 
emphasis upon the Renaissance, Reformation and French Revolution. 

Professor Butterwick. 

History 26. Modern European History. Three hours. Through- 
out the year. 

(a) First semester, European History during the seventeenth and 
eighteenth centuries: The Puritan Revolution; France during the 
reign of Louis XIV; The struggle for national supremacy; The 
Industrial Revolution; The French Revolution. 



BULLETIN 47 

(b) Second semester, European History from the close of the 
French Revolution to the present time: The Congress of Vienna; 
The Revolutions of 1830 and 1848; The rise of the laboring class; 
Factory Legislation; The development of science; The World War 
and its causes. 

History 36. The History of England. Three hours. Through- 
out the year. 

(a) First semester, English History from the beginning of the 
Tudor period to the accession of George III; The Tudor and Stuart 
Monarchies; England's Commercial Expansion; The Puritan Revo- 
lution; The Revolution of 1688; The Intercolonial Wars. 

(b) Second semester, The Development of the British Empire; 
Colonization, particularly in America; the American Revolution. 

History 46. United States History. Three hours. Throughout 
the year. \i = -^ g 

(a) First semester, From the close of the Revolution to the end 
of the Civil War: the Critical period; the Adoption of the Consti- 
tution; Federalist Supremacy; the Political Revolution of 1800; the 
Second War with Great Britain; the development of National Con- 
sciousness; the Slavery Question; the Civil War. 

(b) Second semester, from the close of the Civil War to the 
present time; Reconstruction; the Rise of the Labor Movement; the 
Growth of big business; Expansion; the World War. 

56. History of Christianity. Three hours. Throughout the year. 

This course is intended to study Christianity as an historic force — 
the mightiest force operative in the human race. Particular atten- 
tion is given to the origin, progress and development of the Christian 
religion, and its influence upon the world. 

Given only in alternate years. Offered 1924-25 and 1926-27. 

Professor Butterwick. 

LATIN LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE 

Professor Bennett 

The aim of this department is to offer courses affording a com- 
prehensive and sympathetic understanding of Roman life and thought, 
and their influence upon modern times. 

The Freshman course includes a thorough review of forms and 
syntax, but in this and all subsequent courses the text will be studied 
primarily as literature, and used as a basis for discussion of some 
phase of civilization. 

The course is designed not only to provide a thorough training for 
those planning to teach Latin in the secondary schools, but also 



48 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

to inculcate good literary taste, and to furnish a broad culture which 
will serve as a foundation for professional training in law, theology, 
journalism, or any field of public life. 

Major: Courses 16, 26, 36, 46. 

Minor: Courses 16, 26, 36 or 46. 

16. Mythology. Selections from Ovid, Metamorphoses; study of 
classical mythology. Three hours. First semester. 

Legend and History. Selections from Roman historians, includ- 
ing Livy, Sallust, and Suetonius; outline history of Rome to end of 
the Republic. Three hours. Second semester. 

This course will include a thorough review of Latin forms and 
syntax, followed by exercises in Latin prose composition. During 
the second semester special attention will be paid to the study of 
Latin derivatives in English, with a view to increasing the student's 
vocabulary and developing accuracy in the use of words. 

22. Survey of Latin Literature. One hour. Throughout the year. 

This course forms an integral part of Latin 26, but is also open 
as an elective to all students not taking that course. It comprises 
a series of lectures, intended to give the student a general knowledge 
of the content of Latin literature, and an intimate appreciation of 
some of its best works. No reading of Latin will be required, but 
standard English translations of representative works will be assigned 
for reading and reports. 

26. Lyric Poetry. Selections from the Odes of Horace and lyrics 
of Catullus. Emphasis will be laid upon literary interpretation and 
correct metrical reading. Three hours. First semester. 

Drama. At least one play by Plautus and one by Terence will be 
read and interpreted. Special study will be made of the staging and 
acting of ancient drama. Three hours. Second semester. 

One hour per week of this course will be devoted to a Survey of 
Latin Literature (see course 22 above). 

*36. Satire. Selected Satires of Horace and Juvenal. Lectures 
on the history of Roman Satire, and study of social conditions at 
Rome in the time of the Empire. Three hours. First semester. 

Novel. The Ccna Trimalchionis from the Satyricon of Petronius, 
and selections from Apuleius. Study of these authors in relation 
to the development of the modern novel. Three hours. Second 
semester. 

*46. Philosophy. Selections from Lucretius, De Reram Natura; 



*Courses 36 and 46 are given in alternate years. In 1923-24, course 46 
will be offered. 



BULLETIN 49 

Cicero, De Senectute and De Amicitia. Study of the Epicurean and 
Stoic systems. Three hours. First semester. 

Letters. Selections from the Letters of Cicero and Pliny, illus- 
trating the public and private life of their times. Study of Roman 
political institutions in connection with Cicero's public career. Three 
hours. Second semester. 



MATHEMATICS 

Professors Lehman and Wagner 

Major: Courses 13, 23, 36, 43, 53, 63, 73, 83. 

A Major in Mathematics may lead to either the B.S. or A.B. 
degree. If the B.S. is desired, the candidate must take the General 
Requirements for that degree (see p. 29), and must select as his 
Minor either Biology, Chemistry, or Physics. 

If the A.B. is desired, the candidate must take the General Re- 
quirements for that degree (see p. 29), also Philosophy 12 (Logic) 
as a Special Requirement, and may take his Minor in any depart- 
ment other than those named in the preceding paragraph. 

13. Advanced Algebra. Three hours. First Semester. 

Covering ratio and proportion, variation, progressions, the binomial 
theorem, theorem of undetermined coefficients, logarithms, permuta- 
tions and combinations, theory of equations, partial fractions, etc. 

23. Plane and Spherical Trigonometry. Three hours. Second 
semester. 

Definitions of trigonometric functions, goniometry, right and 
oblique triangles, measuring angles to compute distances and heights, 
development of trigonometric formulae, solution of right and oblique 
spherical triangles, applications to Astronomy. 

36. Analytic Geometry. Three hours. Throughout the year. 

The equations of the straight line, circle, ellipse, parabola, and 
hyperbola are studied, numerous examples solved, and as much of 
the higher plane curves and of the geometry of space is covered as 
time will permit. 

43. Differential Calculus. Three hours. First semester. 

Differentiation of algebraic and transcendental functions, maxima 
and minima, development into series, tangents, normals, evolutes, 
envelopes, etc. 

53. Integral Calculus. Three hours. Second semester. 



50 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

Integrations, rectification of curves, quadrature of surfaces, cuba- 
ture of solids, etc. 

63. Plane Surveying. Three hours. Second semester. 

A study of the instruments, field work, computing areas, plotting, 
leveling, etc. 

73. Differential Equations. Three hours. First semester. 

A course in the elements of different equations. Murray. 

Prerequisite, Mathematics 43 and 53. 

83. Analytic Mechanics . Three hours. Second semester. 

Bowser. Prerequisite, Mathematics 73. 

MUSIC 

A cultural music course is offered by Lebanon Valley Conserva- 
tory of Music in conjunction with the A.B. degree. 

Music study in this course may be credited toward the A.B. degree 
to a total of twenty semester hours (five semester hours per year), 
as follows: two half-hour recitations per week in Applied Music, 
two hours per day in practice, and two hour-recitations per week 
in Harmony. 

A Voice student, being required to study Pianoforte, may divide 
the two hours of practice equally between these two branches; but 
in no other case may the half-hour recitations or the two hours in 
practice be divided between any other two branches of Applied 
Music. 

Before entering upon this course of study, the candidate must pass 
the examinations required by the Director of the Conservatory. 

A student desiring credits for this course is expected to continue 
same until graduation. Credit will not ordinarily be granted for 
single years of study. Under exceptional conditions only, such 
credit may be granted by the faculty upon recommendation of the 
Director of the Conservatory. 

PHYSICS 

Professor Grimm 

Physics 18. General Physics. Four hours. Throughout the year. 

Three hours lectures and recitation and four hours laboratory 
work per week. The course will be a thorough investigation of 
the fundamental principles of physical science and is especially 
intended as a preparation for Physics 2, 3, and 4, and for those 
interested in the practical applications of physical laws and principles. 

Laboratory hours Thursday and Friday afternoons. 



BULLETIN 51 

24. Advanced Physics — Mechanics. Four hours. One semester. 

This course will be a thorough investigation of the mechanics of 
solids, liquids, and gases and sound. 

Second semester, 1923-1924. 

34. Advanced Physics — Electricity and Magnetism. Four hours. 
One semester. 

This course will be a thorough consideration of the laws of the 
electric and magnetic fields and the power applications of electricity. 

First semester, 1924-1925. 

44. Advanced Physics — Heat and Light. Four hours. One 
semester. 

This course will be concerned with the nature of heat and light and 
the transmission of each through various media including reflection, 
refraction, and dispersion. 

First semester, 1923-1924. 

Textbooks: — Kimball's College Physics, and a special text for 
each of courses 2, 3, and 4. 

The Calculus will be a very great aid in these courses. 

Drawing 13. Elementary Mechanical Drawing. Three hours. 
First semester. 

Use of instruments, construction of geometric figures, projection of 
simple solids, simple sections and development of surfaces, lettering, 
sketching, tracing, and blueprinting. 

The college will provide the usual drawing desks, etc., and the 
student will provide his own drawing instruments. 

Drawing 23. Descriptive Geometry. Three hours. Second 
semester. 

Problems in the projection of point, lines, planes, and solids and 
in the intersection of lines, planes, and solids. 

POLITICAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCE 

Professor Gingrich 

Major: Economics 16, Political Science 16, Sociology 16, Eco- 
nomics 24, Political Science 24. Special Requirement: History 36. 

Minor: Economics 16, Political Science 16, Sociology 16. 

The courses are utilitarian as well as cultural in their nature, and 
the aim is to supply the student with information and training that 
will qualify for political and social leadership in post-graduate life. 

A Major in this department is recommended to those who intend 
to engage in business immediately after graduation, or who purpose 
taking post-graduate work in Business Administration. Candidates 



52 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

for professions, such as Law and Teaching, where a considerable 
amount of social service is incident to the work, will find the courses 
of this department well adapted to their needs. 

ECONOMICS 

16. General Economics. Three hours. Throughout the year. 

An introductory course including a careful study of the funda- 
mental principles of the existing economic order; an outline of the 
development of economic thought; and an extended consideration of 
modern economic problems. 

24. Uniform Business Law. Two hours. Throughout the year. 

The course is a general survey of the field of business law, em- 
phasizing subjects covered by uniform statutes. 

32. Business Finance. Two hours. First semester. A study of 
the several types of business associations; the law governing pro- 
motion and finance; the liability of individuals and combinations 
engaged in business; securities; budgets; and the management and 
exploitation of corporations. 

42. Practical Banking. Two hours. Second semester. 

The course offers an opportunity to study the practical operation 
of banks; the Federal Reserve Banking System; credit; loans; com- 
mercial paper and acceptances; foreign exchange; and the nature 
of and law relating to negotiable instruments. 

POLITICAL SCIENCE 
16. American Government and Politics. Three hours. Through- 
out the year. A course designed to give the student a working 
knowledge of the fundamental laws of Federal and State Govern- 
ment. Much time is given to the study of leading cases. 

24. Political Science. Two hours. Throughout the year. A 
study of various theories of the state and the structure and province 
of government. A considerable portion of the work of the second 
semester is given to the consideration of practical political problems 
of national and international import. 

SOCIOLOGY 

16. Principles of Sociology. Three hours. Throughout the year. 
The course is intended to acquaint the student with the various 
theories of society together with the place of Sociology in the 
general field of learning. Modern social problems are discussed 
during the second semester. 



BULLETIN 53 

PHILOSOPHY AND RELIGION 

Professor Butterwick 

Major: Philosophy 12, 23, 33, 53, 63, 76; Bible 14, 24, 54. 
Special Requirements: Greek 36, History 56. 

Minor: Philosophy 12, 23, 33, 53 and 63 or 76; Bible 24. 

12. Inductive and Deductive Logic. First semester. Two hours. 
Juniors. 

This course is intended to furnish the student with a knowledge 
of the laws of correct thinking; the purpose and place of the syl- 
logism in the processes of thinking; and the detection of fallacies 
in thinking. 

23. History of Philosophy. First semester. Three hours. Juniors. 

In this course the aim will be (1) to trace the development of 
Philosophy, pointing out what of permanent value each system, 
as it arose, contributed toward a final solution of the nature of being, 
and (2) to show the interaction between philosophic thought and 
the practical life of the period during which it flourished. 

Textbook: — Student's History of Philosophy, Rogers. 

33. Ethics. Second semester. Three hours. 

This course will be primarily constructive and critical and his- 
torical only in so far as its constructive purpose demands. Much 
attention will be given to the practical bearing of the doctrine set 
forth on the pressing problems of today — such as individualism, the 
integrity of our social institutions, the problems which grew out of 
progress, etc. Philosophy 23 is a prerequisite to Philosophy 33. 

Text-book: — Problems of Conduct, Drake. 

43. Social Psychology. Three hours. Elective. 

A study of mental growth and action as shown in social relation- 
ships. 

Text-book: — Human Traits, Edman. 

53. The Philosophy of Religion. Three hours. First semester. 

63. The Philosophy of Christian Religion. Second semester. 
Three hours. 

Philosophy 53 and 63 will be offered in 1924 and 1926. 

76. Practical Problems in Religion and Social Work. Through- 
out the year. Three hours. 

The purpose of this course is to furnish the student with a practical, 
scientific and philosophical knowledge of such problems as he will 
meet in all forms of religious and social activities. This course will 
alternate with Philosophy 53 and 63. Offered 1923 and 1925. 

83. Metaphysics. Three hours. Elective. 



54 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

SPANISH 

06. Elementary Spanish. Three hours. Throughout the year. 

This course is open as an elective to all students who do not 
present Spanish .for entrance. The work includes grammar and 
composition, easy conversation, and the reading of texts of average 
difficulty. 

Texts: — Hills & Ford, First Spanish Course; Hills & Cano, 
Cuentos y Leyendos; Hills & Reinhardt, Spanish Short Stories. 

16. Intermediate Spanish. Three hours. Throughout the year. 

This course includes a thorough review of grammar and syntax, 
with practice in composition and conversation. Several stories and 
plays by modern Spanish authors will be read. 

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 

Professor Hollinger 

Two hours a week of regular prescribed work are required of all 
students, resident and special, in the first and second year classes, 
and are an integral part of the requirements for graduation. 

The work consists of marching, calisthenic drills, elementary work 
on the heavy apparatus, folk dancing, and group games. 

The aim of the course will be to keep the students in good physical 
condition and to prepare them to handle similar work in grade or 
high schools. 

11. Freshman Physical Education. Two hours per week. 

21. Sophomore Physical Education. Two hours per week. 



BULLETIN 55 



THE CONSERVATORY OF MUSIC 

FACULTY 

GEORGE DANIEL GOSSARD, B.D., D.D., President. 
JOHANN M. BLOSE, *Mus.D., Director. 

Pianoforte, Organ, Harmony, Counterpoint, 

Composition and Orchestration. 
SIR EDWARD BAXTER PERRY, Chevalier de Melusine 

Pianoforte, Concert Pianist, 

Psychology and Aesthetics of Music. 
R. PORTER CAMPBELL, Mus.B. 

Pianoforte, Organ, Harmony and History of Music. 
FRANK R. HARDMAN, 

Voice, Sight Singing and Public School Music. 
RUTH ELIZABETH ENGLE, A.B. 

Pianoforte. 

EDITH FRANTZ MILLS 

Voice. 
FRANCES W. BLOSE, 

Pianoforte, Sight Singing and Ear Training. 

GENERAL INFORMATION 

The Conservatory Building is a handsome three-story structure. 
It contains a fine auditorium with a large three manual pipe organ, 
practice organs, director's room, studios, practice rooms, waiting 
and writing room for students' use, a large society room, lavatories, 
etc. The whole building is well lighted by electricity, and heated 
by steam, and is designed and furnished with a view to having it 
complete in every respect for the study of music in its various 
branches. 

The Conservatory maintains the highest standards of excellence 
in that it provides exceptional opportunities for intelligent, skillful 
and artistic development in the various branches of musical art. 
To this end it aims to cultivate a love for high class music, to 
present to its students the advantage of superior professional in- 
struction, to utilize musical art as a factor in moral, spiritual, in- 
tellectual and aesthetic culture, and to educate and train musicians 
for useful living as teachers and artists. 



* Dr. Blose, a Charter Colleague of the American Guild op Violinists, 
instructs a limited number of Violin students. 



56 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

ENROLLMENT 

A student is not permitted to enroll for a shorter period than 
one full semester, or the unexpired portion thereof, thus the in- . 
structor's time is engaged by each student for that period. Hence, 
no deduction is made for absence from lesson-periods, except in 
case of illness extending over a period of two weeks, in which case 
the Conservatory shares the loss equally. No reduction is made 
for late registration unless at least one-fourth of the semester has 
elapsed. 

COURSES OF STUDY 

The studies embrace Certificate, Diploma and Degree courses. 

There is also a course in Public School Music which meets the 
requirements for the teaching of music in harmony with the stand- 
ards set forth by the Department of Public Instruction of the State 
of Pennsylvania. 

Before admittance to any course of study is granted the candi- 
date is required to pass satisfactory examinations in Elementary 
Theory of Music and in Elementary Sight Reading. The candidate 
must also have completed a four years' High School course, or 
its equivalent, as a scholastic foundation. 

The Certificates, Diplomas and Degrees are granted by the Trus- 
tees of Lebanon Valley College to students who have completed, to 
the full satisfaction of the Conservatory Faculty, any of the above 
named courses. 

In preparation for a Certificate, Diploma or Degree, History of 
Music and three other studies are required, two of which are Piano- 
forte and Theory. (See Outline of Courses.) The third may be 
selected from the following branches: Organ, Singing, Violin. 
These three studies must be pursued throughout four, six, eight or 
ten semesters, according to the special course elected by the can- 
didate. 

OUTLINE OF COURSES 
Pianoforte 

The course in Pianoforte is presented in five divisions: Prepara- 
tory, Freshman, Sophomore, Junior and Senior. 

No specified time (number of semesters) can be allotted to any 
one division. The knowledge, skill and artistry required for the 
completion of a division of work depends wholly upon the advance- 
ment of the student when entering, and upon ability, character of 
musicianship, and progress manifested by recitations and public 
appearances. 



BULLETIN 57 

The course of study in Pianoforte is very unlike that in Theory, 
in which many pursue one general outline. In all branches of applied 
music the instruction must necessarily be adapted especially to the 
personal needs of the student in such a manner as to establish a 
thorough technical foundation, and so to direct the intellectual and 
aesthetic faculties, that the student shall be qualified for the higher 
degrees of theoretical and practical musicianship. Therefore the 
best works of classical and modern pedagogues and composers are 
used throughout the various grades of advancement. 

The Director is a qualified member of the Musical Art Society 
of St. Louis, and is duly authorized to teach the Progressive Series 
of Piano Lessons (Leopold Godowsky, Chief Editor). Persons de- 
siring this course of pianoforte instruction in preference to the ordi- 
nary course will receive instruction endorsed by Mr. Godowsky, 
and upon completion of the same will receive the Art Society's 
Diploma, and, having completed the Lebanon Valley Conservatory 
academic and theoretical requirements, will also receive the Con- 
servatory Diploma. 

Sight Playing classes are organized each semester for the benefit 
of those who are in special need of training beyond that which is 
possible under the teacher in the regular course. 

The daily practice periods are considered as obligatory, and as of 
more importance than recitation periods. Students failing to give 
due attention to practice periods, or failing to make monthly "Prac- 
tice Reports" on the same, are discredited, and cannot maintain class 
standing. 

Ensemble Playing is required of students in all grades, with skill- 
ful collaboration. No other department contributes so much to the 
cultivation of careful listening, steadiness of rhythm, and quick ad- 
justment of musical intelligence and will power to the needs of the 
moment. 

Singing 

In this course the system embodies freedom and relaxation, breath- 
ing and breath control, resonance and reinforcement, tone color and 
tone character. To this end vocal development and culture are 
necessarily progressive. According to the traditions of the old 
masters of the Italian school, who trained many famous singers, 
a few simple exercises, each embodying a definite principle, full of 
meaning and productive of good results, are judiciously and wisely 
applied; and mind, the master engineer, becomes director of the 
entire vocal apparatus, making it readily responsive to the require- 
ments of artistic singing. 



58 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

The Pipe Organ 

In this department the aim is to prepare students for the various 
demands for performers upon "The King of Instruments." A 
rapidly enlarging field is open to well qualified organists. The course 
of study embraces: legato touch, stop values and mechanical acces- 
sories, studies in manual and pedal playing, hymn tunes, pedal 
phrasing, choir accompanying, registration, accompanying of solos, 
singing and playing, extemporizing, transposing, and organ solos 
adapted to all grades of advancement. This course is planned to 
equip the student for all reasonable requirements of the concert and 
church organist. 

The Conservatory is fortunately equipped with an excellent three 
manual Moller pipe organ, with detached console, modern in every 
respect, and located in the conservatory hall, where the daily college 
chapel services are held. 

The recent demand for organ instruction made it necessary to 
install a two manual reed organ with pedals, for practice purposes. 
Both organs are connected with kinetic organ blowers which provide 
satisfactory wind pressure and, as a result, even tone. 

The Violin 

No instrument is so well adapted to universal art uses as the violin 
and kindred stringed instruments. As an instrument in the field 
of art and virtuosity its resources are boundless. As the basis of 
orchestral combinations it is indispensable. For use in the social 
and drawing-room, and the smaller forms of concert music, it is 
without comparison. 

The course of instruction in Lebanon Valley Conservatory of 
Music is founded upon the violin playing developed and practiced 
by the Franco-Belgian masters, which has produced the greatest 
performers in the history of the art. 

To the end that each student shall attain to the highest possible 
advancement, much care is exercised in the development of funda- 
mental principles: how to hold the violin, how to hold the bow, 
intonation and tone quality, left hand technic, right hand technic, 
technical studies of the Wilhelmj, Thompson, Sevcic, Schradieck, 
Dancla, Sitt, Mazas, Kreutzer, Fiorillo, etc., concertos of Seitz, 
Viotti, de Beriot, Kreutzer, etc., sonatas of Schumann, Handel and 
Bach, ensemble and solo playing according to the individual stu- 
dent's personal need for superior equipment. 



BULLETIN 59 

The Viola 

This instrument requires precisely the same instruction as does 
the violin. The difference in the clefs used is the only question 
between the violin and viola player, though the use of the two in- 
struments is quite different. Unfortunately there is a very small 
amount of literature for the viola; but it is an indispensable instru- 
ment in orchestra and chamber music. Good viola players are in 
demand, and those who play well have no difficulty in securing 
first class positions. 

The Cello and Double Bass 

Applicants for instruction on these instruments are supplied ac- 
cording to demand. 

Theory of Music 

Preparatory: Tonality, key-relation, diatonic intervals, major and 
minor modes, measure, tempo, rhythm, writing melodic motives 
and phrases from sound. 

NOTE. — Students must pass a satisfactory examination in the 
above preparatory course before entering the regular course for a 
Certificate or Diploma in any department. 

Regular Theoretical Course 

1. Primary triads in the major mode and their uses in the funda- 
mental elements of polyphonic music; writing melodies from sound; 
the harmonic motive and phrase; harmonizing melodies and basses; 
inversions of triads; passing tones and cadencing chords; chord of 
the dominant seventh; its resolution and inversions; secondary 
triads and their inversions in the major mode; harmonic, melodic 
and structural analysis. 

2. Triads and their inversions in the minor mode; secondary 
sevenths and their resolutions; writing of the plain four-part choral; 
cadences; irregular resolutions of the dominant seventh and modu- 
lation to the dominant key; chromatic alteration of chords; modula- 
tion through the diminished seventh; harmonic and structural 
analysis continued; composition and counterpoint. 

3. The French, German, Italian, American and Neapolitan sixths; 
suspensions; anticipations and retardations in one, two or more 
parts; the appogiatura; organ point, and the sustained tone, in 
one, two or more voices; the extended choral; plain and double 
chant; harmonic and structural analysis continued; composition and 
counterpoint; and musical form. 



60 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

Advanced Theoretical Course 

Section I. Reduction of instrumental composition to plain har- 
monic, four-part structure; plain counterpoint; cantus firmus in 
various voices; figured counterpoint; analysis of musical forms, their 
origin and evolutions; modern forms; writing and analysing from 
sound. 

Section II. Double, triple and quadruple counterpoint; canon 
fugue; six and eight-part choral; orchestral instruments, orchestra- 
tion and advanced composition. 

Public School Music 

This course is for those desiring to prepare themselves for super- 
vising and giving of instruction in music in High Schools and in 
the grades, and to become leaders in community singing or in other 
choral activities. The course of study extends over two years. Be- 
fore being admitted the candidate must pass satisfactory examina- 
tions in "Preparatory Theory of Music," possess an acceptable sing- 
ing voice, ability to sing hymn and folk tunes with a reasonable 
degree of accuracy at first sight (unaccompanied), ability to play 
the piano or some orchestral instrument (preferably the violin) 
intelligently in third grade music. The candidate must also have 
completed a four-years' High School course, or its equivalent, as a 
scholastic foundation. Our aim is to meet in full the standard 
requirements of the Department of Public Instruction of the State 
of Pennsylvania, to add thereto all possible advantages afforded by 
an accredited institution for the advancement of its students, and to 
thoroughly equip them for every reasonable service that may be 
required of musicianship and pedagogical skill, in harmony with 
the requirements of public school music. 

Students completing the curriculum are granted a Teacher's Cer- 
tificate. 

The fee for the Public School certificate is $8.00. 

CULTURAL MUSIC COURSE 

Afforded by Lebanon Valley College Conservatory of Music 
in Conjunction with the A.B. Degree 

Music study may be credited toward the A.B. Degree to a total 
of twenty semester hours (five semester hours per year). For such 
credit, the requirements are as follows: Two half-hour recitations 
per week in Applied Music, two hours per day in practice, two hour 
recitations per week in harmony and one hour per week in the 
study of standard choral works. 



BULLETIN 61 

A Voice student, being required to study Pianoforte, may divide 
the two hours of practice equally between these two branches; but 
in no case may the half-hour recitations, or the two practice periods 
be divided between any other two branches. 

Before entering upon this course of study the candidate must pass 
the examinations required by the Director of the Conservatory. 

A student desiring credit for this course of study is expected to 
continue the same until graduation. Credit will not ordinarily be 
granted for single years of study. Only under exceptional conditions 
such credit may be granted by the faculty upon recommendation of 
the Director of the Conservatory. 

THE BACHELOR OF MUSIC DEGREE 

A candidate for this degree must have received a Diploma from 
Lebanon Valley Conservatory of Music, or other institution offering 
an equally advanced course of study, and in addition thereto must 
complete one year's work in canon, fugue, composition and orches- 
tration; and must compose a cantata for solos and mixed voices, 
with an accompaniment for symphony orchestra, requiring at least 
thirty minutes for performance, or a concerto for a solo instrument 
and orchestra, or a symphony in three or four movements for 
orchestra, of similar length. 

The graduation fee for the degree is $13.00. 

THE DIPLOMA 

The diploma is granted only to candidates who have completed 
the four-year course of study in one branch of applied music, as 
a major study, and at least three years (Freshman, Sophomore and 
Junior) study in a second branch, as a minor study, and the com- 
plete subjoined theoretical studies for the four-year course in the 
major, and the three-year course in the minor study. 

The major and minor studies may be coupled as follows: 

Major: Pianoforte, Pianoforte, Pianoforte, Violin, Voice, Organ. 

Minor: Organ, Violin, Voice, Pianoforte, Pianoforte, Pianoforte. 

The graduation fee is $13.00. 

_ Note: A combination of other branches may be affected under special con- 
ditions which may be presented to the Director. 

THE CERTIFICATE 

Certificates are issued to those who are not able to complete the 
four-year course, but who are able to complete the first three years 
of the course leading to a diploma. Students desiring a certificate 
must add to the Junior year the course of lessons in Piano Methods. 

The fee for a certificate is $8.00. 



62 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

THE STUDENTS' RECITALS 

The students' Tuesday evening recital is of inestimable value to all 
students in acquainting them with a wide range of the best musical 
literature, in developing musical taste and discrimination, in afford- 
ing young musicians experience in appearing before an audience, 
and in gaining self-reliance, as well as nerve control and stage de- 
meanor. These recitals also enable all students and others who are 
interested in music to gain a much wider acquaintance with musical 
literature than would otherwise be possible. Students in all grades 
appear on the programs of these recitals. During the four-year 
course a student is expected to give not only a graduation recital as 
one exhibition of artistry, but, having acquired a sufficient number 
of memorized program compositions, the student is given the privi- 
lege of frequent appearances in the major portions of recitals, 
whether of the Freshman, Sophomore, Junior or Senior division. 
Each senior is required to present one special graduation recital. 

THE LEBANON VALLEY CHORAL SOCIETY 

This is a Conservatory organization, though many of its members 
are local citizens. It affords superior advantages in the study of 
the productions of the masters, and is included in the Cultural 
Music Course, offered in connection with the A.B. degree. It is 
impossible to prepare musicians for acceptable professional services 
without a serious study of the great cantatas, oratorios, etc. The 
co-educational system of Lebanon Valley College places its Con- 
servatory of Music greatly in advantage, in that neither men nor 
women alone can study the above named works. 

OUTLINE OF COURSE LEADING TO A DIPLOMA 

First Year 

Recitation 

hours* 

Piano, Organ, Singing or Violin 2 

Sight Singing and Melodic Dictation 2 

Sight Playing 1 

Elementary Harmony and Composition 2 

English 12 and 14 3 

Four hours daily practice (a) 10a 

Study of Standard Choral works 1 



* Semester credits. 

(a) This has reference to the use of a piano. The additional hours for 
the practice of Voice, Violin or Organ are arranged according to the indi- 
vidual's requirements and possibilities. 



BULLETIN 



63 



Second Year 

Piano, Organ, Singing or Violin 2 

Sight Singing and Interval Dictation 2 

Sight Playing 1 

Harmony, Composition and Counterpoint 2 

English 26 3 

Four hours daily practice 10 

Study of Standard Choral Works 1 

Third Year 

Piano, Organ, Singing or Violin 2 

Sight Singing and Chord Dictation 2 

Harmony, Composition and Counterpoint 2 

History of Music 2 

Psychology and Aesthetics of Music 1 

Musical Form, Motive and Subject Dictation 3 

French or German 3 

Four hours daily practice 10 

Study of Standard Choral Works 1 

Fourth Year 

Piano, Organ, Singing or Violin 2 

Harmony, Composition and Counterpoint 2 

Harmonic and Structural Analysis 2 

Science and Theory of Music 2 

Ensemble Playing 1 

Four hours daily practice 10 

Study of Standard Choral Works 1 

FEES 

Semester bills are payable strictly in advance of recitations, 
unless otherwise provided. Students are registered at the office of 
the Conservatory Director. 

Private Lessons 

Two half-hour lessons per week under the Director $50 00 

One half-hour lesson per week under the Director 25 00 

Two half-hour lessons per week under Sir Edward. Perry. ... 50 00 

One half-hour lesson per week under Sir Edward Perry. ... 25 00 

Two half-hour lessons per week under other professors 45 00 

One half-hour lesson per week under other professors 22 50 

Two half-hour lessons per week in Unclassified Department. . 34 00 

One half-hour lesson per week in Preparatory Department.. 17 00 

One half-hour lesson per week in Children's Department.... 13 00 



64 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

Class Lessons 

Harmony, Counterpoint and Composition 18 00 

Harmonic and Structural Analysis 18 00 

Musical Form 18 00 

Public School Music 25 00 

Sight Singing 18 00 

History of Music 18 00 

Sight Playing 18 00 

Normal (Piano) Methods 18 00 

Psychology and Aesthetics of Music 18 00 

Special Lessons 
In addition to the above outline of subjects in the regular courses 
leading to a Certificate, Diploma or Degree, private lessons in Har- 
mony, Counterpoint, Composition and Orchestration may be had 
of Dr. Blose by any one duly prepared for, and desiring work in these 
subjects, at the following rates of tuition: 

Two half-hour lessons per week $75 00 

One half-hour lesson per week 34 50 

Two hour lessons per week 150 00 

One hour lesson per week 75 00 

Rent of Practice Instruments 

Piano, one hour daily per semester $ 4 00 

Each additional hour daily per semester 2 00 

Three Manual Pipe Organ, one hour daily, per semester.... 20 00 

Three Manual Pipe Organ, two hours weekly, per semester.. 10 00 

Two Manual Organ, one hour daily, per semester 10 00 

RULES AND REGULATIONS 

Students may enter at any time during the year, but for the sake 
of proper grading and classification the beginning of a semester is 
most advisable. 

Persons in the vicinity of Annville and adjoining towns desiring 
to become students in the Conservatory are requested to register 
during the two days previous to the published registration day for 
the first semester. 

Students are not enrolled for a shorter period of time than a 
full semester, or the unexpired portion of a semester; and no reduc- 
tion is made for delay in registering when 'the time lost is less than 
one-fourth of the semester. 

No reduction is made for absence from recitations except in case 
of protracted illness extending beyond a period of two weeks, in 



BULLETIN 65 

which case the loss is shared equally by the college and the student. 

A student is not permitted to omit recitations without a sufficient 
cause; and a necessity for the omission of a recitation should be 
reported to the Director in advance of the appointment. 

All Conservatory work is suspended during holidays observed by 
the College. 

Reports showing attendance, practice and degree of improvement 
will be issued at the close of each semester. 

Conservatory students are not permitted to take part in any public 
musical exercise outside of their regular work without the consent 
of the Director. This rule is of great importance and must be 
strictly observed. 

Conservatory students are required to attend all students' recitals, 
and lectures on musical subjects. Discredits are entered against 
students who carelessly neglect this essential part of their education. 
All music must be paid for when received. 

Conservatory students are under the regular college discipline. 

For further information respecting the Conservatory, address 

JOHANN M. BLOSE, Mus.D., 
Director of the Conservatory, 
Lebanon Valley College, Annville, Pa. 



66 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 






REGISTER OF STUDENTS 

GRADUATE STUDENTS 



NAME STREET NUMBER POST OFFICE COUNTY STATE 

Bachman, Esther Margie 129 Areba St Hershey Dauphin Penna. 

Hollinger, Joseph Kettering 52 S. Manheim St Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Lynch, Clyde Alvin 64 Church St Ephrata Lancaster Penna. 

Zeigler, Jesse Orr Elizabethville Dauphin Penna. 

SENIORS 

Boyer, Ralph Eugene 951 E. Market St York York Penna. 

Brunner, Esther Sophia New Bloomfield. . .Perry Penna. 

Durbin, Frances Melissa Ramey Clearfield Penna. 

Ensminger, Paul Snavely 525 N. Railroad St Palmyra Lebanon Penna. 

Fake, Earle Elias 1048 N. Tenth St Reading Berks Penna. 

Faust, Guy Deckert 217 Pusey Ave Collingdale Delaware Penna. 

Fencil, Dorothy Helen 714 E. Maple St Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Gingrich, Martha Elizabeth 406 E. Cherry St Palmyra Lebanon Penna. 

Herr, Delia Marie 16 E. Sheridan Ave Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Hiester, Mary Frances Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Hohl, George Oscar Pitman Schuylkill Penna. 

Hughes, Helen Marie 642 Cleveland Ave York York Penna. 

Hutchinson, John Raymond Paradise Lancaster Penna. 

Kratzert, Kathryn Elizabeth 619 N. Shippen St Lancaster Lancaster Penna. 

Kreider, Warren Billett R. F. D. No. 3 Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Long, Anna Elizabeth 52 Lehman St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Long, Kathryn Mae R. F. D. No. 4 Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

MacDonald, Joseph Rankin Swatara Station . . . Dauphin Penna. 

Merchitis, Agnes Frances 449 North St Minersville Schuylkill Penna. 

Miller, Harry Lloyd R. D. No. 2 Tunkhannock Wyoming Penna. 

Morrow, Hazel Mae Duncannon Perry Penna. 

Mutch, Heber Runk 955 N. Tenth St Reading Berks Penna. 

Reeves, Clarice Mae 224 Market St Highspire Dauphin Penna. 

Renn, Roland Roscoe 1249 Mulberry St Harrisburg Dauphin Penna. 

Ruth, Ira Marquis Sinking Springs Berks Penna. 

Sheaffer, Eleanor Fredaricka 229 S. Second St Steelton Dauphin Penna. 

Shenk, Sarah Lucile 471 E. Main St Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Smith, Elizabeth Malinda Robesonia Berks Penna. 

Smith, Richard Henry Tremont Schuylkill Penna. 

Swartz, Milford Ross Hummelstown Dauphin Penna. 

Weaver, Saint Paul Cleona Lebanon Penna. 

Wenner, William Frankhn 150 S. Washington St. . .Wilkes Barre Luzerne Penna. 

Williard, Lester Raymond 802 N. Sixth St Shamokin Northumberland. . . Penna. 

Ziegler, Rosa Ellen 440 N. Seventh St. Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

JUNIORS 

Bachman, Carl Michael West Main St Middletown Dauphin Penna. 

Baker, Edna Romaine Strasburg Shenandoah Va. 

Balsbaugh, Edward Ulmont Swatara Station. . .Dauphin Penna. 

Balsbaugh, Kathrin Susan Swatara Station. . . Dauphin Penna. 

Beattie, William Herbert 925 N. Duke St York York Penna. 



BULLETIN 67 

NAME STREET NUMBER POST OFFICE COUNTY STATE 

Beck, Ferdinand Lawrence 1336 State St Harrisburg Dauphin Penna. 

Biecher, George Risser 8th and Maple Sts Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Billett, Dora Mae 438 Peffer St Harrisburg Dauphin Penna. 

Bomgardner, Simon Peter R. F. D. No. 4 Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Cooley, Gladstone Paul Reliance Warren Va. 

Dowhower, Leroy Balsbaugh Swatara Station. . . Dauphin Penna. 

Drummond, Cynthia Rachael 2003 Derry St Harrisburg Dauphin Penna. 

Edris, Regina Myerstown Lebanon Penna. 

Evans, Samuel Donald 325 N. Eighth St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Fegan, Mary Elizabeth 536 North Eighth St. . . .Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Fencil, Calvin Fisher 714 E. Maple St Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Fields, Donald Eugene 737 Maple St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Greiner, Sara HofTer 828 Walnut St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Harpel, Ruth Caroline 540 Weidman St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Heindel, Rachel Naomi West Broadway Red Lion York Penna. 

Herb, Ray Charles Pine St Tremont Schuylkill Penna. 

Hershey, Mary Bernice 22 S. Railroad St Myerstown Lebanon Penna. 

Homan, Henry Lebius 312 S. Lincoln Ave Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Hopple, Elizabeth Matilda 8 Mifflin St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Hovis, John Elder Rouzerville Franklin Penna. 

Kreider, Mrs. Hilda Erb 501 N. Railroad St Palmyra Lebanon Penna. 

Kreider, Mildred Ruth 1712 Sixth St Harrisburg Dauphin Penna. 

Lauster, Frederick Jr 2134 Green St Harrisburg Dauphin Penna. 

Leber, Charles Curvin 205 W. Broadway Red Lion York Penna. 

Light, Herman Kreider Front and Maple Sts. . . .Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Mancha, Dorothy Carolyn Ridgely Caroline Md. 

Martin, Ralph Edward Rouzerville Franklin Penna. 

Matuszak, Maryan Piotr Hyde Park Westmoreland Penna. 

Mealey, Helen Louise New Market Frederick Md. 

Noll, Anna Claire 16 Grant St Palmyra Lebanon Penna. 

Oyer, Ruth Hollar 303 E. Burd St Shippensburg Cumberland Penna. 

Rhinehart, Paul Emery Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Rice, Mabel Marie 436 W. Main St Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Riedel, Charles Emory Dallastown York Penna. 

Rupp, Claude Edwin R. F. D. No. 1 Harrisburg Dauphin Penna. 

Seifried, Florence May 645 Locust St Columbia Lancaster Penna. 

Smith, Benton Pilgrim Penn St Royalton Dauphin Penna. 

Smith, Charles Clair Windsor York Penna. 

Stabley, Elwood Curran 51 S. Main St Red Lion York Penna. 

Stauffer, Richard Edgar 342 N. Tenth St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Steiss, Marie Elizabeth Conestoga Ontario Can. 

Swanger, Murray Lee Mowersville Franklin Penna. 

Underkoffler, Vincent Karl 1232 Lafayette Street. . .Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Weisman, Lena "A" Emlenton Venango Penna. 

Whistler, Edgar Melvin 218 First Avenue Altoona Blair Penna. 

Whitman, Florence Mildred Elizabethville Dauphin Penna. 

Witmer, Robert Leon 230 Summit Ave Hagerstown Washington Md. 

Wolf, Walter Francis 2 Francis Ave Hartford Hartford Conn. 

Wolfe, Porte Arlington 835 Willow St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Wolfe, William Edward 605 Lehman St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Yake, Robert Charles Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Zeigler, Martha Leone Red Lion York Penna. 

Ziegler, Susan Belle Red Lion York Penna. 



68 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

SOPHOMORES 

NAME STREET NUMBER POST OFFICE COUNTY STATE 

Achenbach, Alfred Leo Palmyra Lebanon Penna' 

Adams, Edward Harry 40 N. Tulpehocken St. . .Pine Grove Schuylkill Penna' 

Allen, Robert Evans Kulpmont Northumberland. .. Penna' 

Aungst, Frank Clarence 49 E. Sheridan Ave Annville Lebanon Penna' 

Behney, William Hudson 521 Canal St Lebanon Lebanon Penna' 

Blose, Mrs. Frances Wood College Ave Annville Lebanon Penna' 

Bowman, Sarah Matilda Berwyn Park Lebanon Lebanon Penna' 

Bressler, Elias Daub 68 Moravian St Lebanon Lebanon Penna' 

Burtner, John Howard 4 College St Palmyra Lebanon Penna. 

Clark, Elsie Mae 226 Highland Ave Downingtown Chester Penna. 

Clarkin, William McAlear 63 Harrison St Hartford Hartford Conn. 

Dando, Charles William 627 Second St Minersville Schuylkill Penna. 

Dearwechter, Sarah Rebecca R. F. D. No. 1 Fredericksburg Lebanon Penna. 

Deck, Ray Frank Fredericksburg Lebanon Penna. 

Desenberg, Lola Catherine Red Lion York Penna. 

Donough, Ethel Landis 1138 Chestnut St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Dunnick, Dana 200 Cottage Place York York Penna. 

Earley, Israel Backenstoe 241 Railroad St Palmyra Lebanon Penna. 

Ellenberger, Armeda Victoria Cleona Lebanon Penna. 

Fay, John Leonard 53 Milford St Hartford Hartford Conn. 

Finn, Raymond John 125 Balcock St Hartford Hartford Conn. 

Frock, Jerome Wayne 1829 N. 4th St Harrisburg Dauphin Penna. 

Geyer, Edith R. D Middletown Dauphin Penna. 

Groff, Flossie Mae 407 N. Ninth St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Grubb, Estella Elizabeth 263 E. Main St Hummelstown Dauphin Penna. 

Gruver, Jacob Paul West Market St Harrisonburg Rockingham Va. 

Hair, Mary Ellen New Bloomfield . . . Perry Penna. 

Heilman, John Frederick 561 Weidman St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Hoke, Samuel Erie 349 Main St Meyersdale Somerset Penna. 

Hostetter, Helen Kathryn 168 E. High St Elizabethtown Lancaster Penna. 

Hostetter, Meyer Moyer R. F. D. No. 4 Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Hoy, Ruth Mildred 478 Moore St Millersburg Dauphin .Penna. 

Hughes, Esther Eleanor Elizabeth Lilly Cambria Penna. 

Hughes, Stella Minerva 17 W. Pottsville St Pine Grove Schuylkill Penna. 

Kantz, Robert Jennings 328 Lehman St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Keller, Ellen Saunders New Bloomfield. . .Perry Penna. 

Kennedy, Ruth Laurel 615 Chestnut St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Kessler, Joseph Miles 160 South Colony Meriden New Haven Conn. 

Kiehl, Harry Ray 506 Canal St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Leach, Lester Marshall Brushy Run Pendleton W. Va. 

Leech, Mildred Isabel 510 N. Monroe St Baltimore Baltimore Md. 

Light, Luke Lloyd R. F. D. No. 3 Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Longenecker, Dorothy Nissley ... 127 E. Main St Mount Joy Lancaster Penna. 

Mengel, Miriam Landis 140 E. High St Hummelstown Dauphin Penna. 

Miller, Raymond Edgar West Main St Palmyra Lebanon Penna. 

Musser, Cleon McKinley 657 Walnut St Columbia Lancaster Penna. 

Nevling, William Stacy Beccaria Clearfield. Penna. 

Nisley, Kathryn Harper Progress Dauphin Penna. 

Nitrauer, William Ellsworth 227 Perm St Highspire Dauphin Penna. 

Nye, Edith Andora 22 E. Main St Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Perry, Wilfred Eugene 455 Hillside Avenue Hartford Hartford Conn. 



BULLETIN 69 

NAME STREET NUMBER POST OFFICE COUNTY STATE 

Quaid, William Henry 2117 Swatara St Harrisburg Dauphin Penna. 

Eeigle, Robert Roosevelt 757 E. Main St Lykens Dauphin Penna. 

Reiter, Madelyn Margaretta 17 W. Main St Myerstown Lebanon Penna. 

Rhoad, William Otterbein 125 N. 18th St Harrisburg Dauphin Penna. 

Rhoads, John Grumbein 800 N. Railroad St Palmyra Lebanon Penna. 

Schack, Martha May Tremont Schuylkill Penna. 

Schell, Henry H Mt. Aetna Berks Penna. 

Seitzinger, Verna Irene 130 College Avenue Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Sheffey, Edwin Garman East Main St Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Sherk, John Kreider Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Shoop, Madie Etta Millersburg Dauphin Penna. 

Silver, Mabel Irene 1908 W. Lombard St. . . . Baltimore Baltimore Md. 

Smith, Isabelle Ruth 2601 N. 5th St Harrisburg Dauphin Penna. 

Smith, Olga Minerva 331 N. Second St Reading Berks Penna. 

Smith, William Henry Great Cacapon — Morgan W. Va. 

Spannuth, Frederick Pierce Fredericksburg Lebanon Penna. 

Stambach, Jerome Spurgeon 263 S. Albemarle St York York Penna. 

Stine, Alfred Cuyler Mont Alto Franklin Penna. 

Stoner, Grace Edith 504 Chestnut St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Strayer. Marion Edessa Red Lion York Penna. 

Trout, Ida Elizabeth 238 E. Clay St Lancaster Lancaster Penna. 

Troutman, Ray Albert Valley View Schuylkill Penna. 

Umberger, Helene Siegrist 619 Chestnut St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Updegrove, Harry Harvey Muir Schuylkill Penna. 

Weik, Luther Amos 1306 Penn Avenue Wyomissing Berks Penna. 

Weiser, Wilbur Reheard R. F. D. No. 2 Felton York Penna. 

Wickes, Richard Wilton 611 Briggs St Harrisburg: Dauphin Penna. 

Wolfe, Maude Mae Short St Progress Dauphin Penna. 

Wueschinski, William Albert 47 S. Third St Steelton Dauphin Penna. 

Yake, Edna Mae 511 E. Main St Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Zeigler, Roy Raymond Annville Annville Penna. 

FRESHMEN 

Bachman, Leon Stephen R. F. D. No. 1 Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Beard, John Richard 135 King St Hagerstown Washington Md. 

Bingham, James 16 E. Sheridan Ave Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Boehm, Leo Joseph 618 Vine St Martins Ferry Belmont Ohio 

Bortz, Dorcas Everette 409 N. Ninth St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Bowman, Charles Michael 816 Chestnut St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Bowman, Lloyd Sharon Halifax Dauphin Penna. 

Brossman, Marguerite Lauretta Sinking Springs — Berks Penna. 

Brown, Margie Alverta 371 N. 5th St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Comly, Robert Trout Cornwall Lebanon Penna. 

Cooper, Paul Edward 670 E. Chestnut St York York Penna. 

Corle, Marion 302 S. Sixteenth St Reading Berks Penna. 

Douglass, Francis Robert Shonk. .39 W. Main St Middletown Dauphin. Penna. 

Earley, Samuel Lee Emeigh Cambria Penna. 

Early, Carrie Ethel R. F. D. No. 2 Palmyra Lebanon Penna. 

Eshleman, Elmer 272 Susquehanna St Enola Cumberland Penna. 

Fields, Lois Josephine 737 Maple St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Frock, Arthur Murray R. F. D. No. 6 Hanover Adams Penna. 

Gates, William Robert 31 N. 3rd St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Gingrich, Daniel Hamilton 2203 W. Cumberland St . Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 



70 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

NAME STREET NUMBER POST OFFICE COUNTY 

Green, Yvonne Dorothy 121 S. 11th St Lebanon Lebanon 

Grill, William Adam, Jr 28 Duke St Hummelstown Dauphin Penna. 

Hain, Leroy Hauer 432 Spruce St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Harah, John Ray 408 Washington Ave Connellsville Fayette Penna. 

Heller, Hilda 410 Canal St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Hershey, Beulah Elizabeth 30 W. Granada Ave Hershey Dauphin Penna. 

Horst, Joseph Raymon R. F. D. No. 4 Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Ishimura, Henry Tokukicki P. 0. Box No. 50 Eleele Kauai.. Hawaii 

Johnson, Dorothy Jane 143 N. 9th St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Jones, John William 49 S. 4th St Coatesville Chester Penna. 

Kaufman, Carmie Margaret Leeds Ave., Relay P. O. .Baltimore Baltimore Md. 

Kerr, Margaret Stony Creek Mills . Berks Penna. 

La Pointe, Stanley Tefft 22 Prospect St Ticonderoga Essex N. Y. 

Leachey, Mary Elizabeth 611 First Ave Parkesburg Chester Penna. 

Leber, Paul Arthur 205 W. Broadway Red Lion York Penna. 

Leffler, Earl Jonathon 222 College Ave Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Lengle, Blanche Christiana 820 N. Plum St Lancaster Lancaster Penna. 

Lerch, Harry Book 2203 Lehman St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Lichtenberger, Charles Floyd Enola Cumberland Penna. 

Luckens, John Wengerd 700 E. Main St Schuylkill Haven . . Schuylkill Penna. 

Lutz, Esther Mae R. F. D. No. 1 Palmyra Lebanon Penna. 

MacDougall, Mary Robertson.. . .509 Locust St Columbia Lancaster Penna. 

Martin, Robert Gaylord Rouzerville Franklin Penna. 

Matolitis, Josephine 332 High St Minersville Schuylkill Penna. 

Meyer, Ambrose Eden 13 Sheridan Ave Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Miller, Roger Light 918 Lehman St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Moore, Paul Eckert 117 Ann St Middletown Dauphin Penna. 

Morrow, Pearle Ardella Duncannon Perry Penna. 

Moyer, Howard Geib Cleona Lebanon Penna. 

Mumma, Joseph Benson 418 E. Lehman St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Newcomer, Eva Helen R. F. D. No. 1 Columbia Lancaster Penna. 

Nigrelli, Ross Franco 91 S. Main St Pittston Luzerne Penna. 

Nisley, Claribel Elizabeth 2406 N. 6th St Harrisburg Dauphin Penna. 

Ortiz, Carlos A Chiclayo Lambayeque Peru 

Peiffer, Edna Mae 457 E. Maple St Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Reed, John Benedict, Jr 905 Mulberry St Hagerstown Washington Md. 

Richards, John Allen Robesonia Berks Penna. 

Rittle, Le Roy Gerhart Avon Lebanon Penna. 

Roper, Carl Kenneth R. F. D. No. 1 Manchester York Penna. 

Rose, Permelia 243 Spring St Middletown Dauphin Penna. 

Runk, Charles Zacharias College Ave Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Rupp, Carroll William 15 W. Sheridan Ave Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Saylor, Harold Herr Annville Lebanon Penna 

Sechrist, Gurrien Preston Dallastown York Penna. 

Shroyer, David Kreider Sheridan Ave Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Smith, Dorothy 436 Second Ave Parkesburg Chester Penna. 

Smuck, Hilliard Yeagle Red Lion York Penna. 

Snavely, John Luverne 523 High St Enhaut Dauphin Penna. 

Snavely, Lottie Jane Ono Lebanon Penna. 

Snavely, Susan Laura R. F. D. No. 8 Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Stauff er, Elizabeth Esther 2129 Green St Harrisburg Dauphin Penna. 

Sweitzer, Edward Eugene, Jr Temple Berks Penna. 

Toomey, Ammon Edward 11 W. Gay St Red Lion York Penna. 



BULLETIN 71 

NAME STREET NUMBER POST OFFICE COUNTY STATE 

Tyson, Raymond Jacob 313 N. Main St Red Lion York Penna- 

Ulrich, Parke Hershey 215 W. Main St Palmyra Lebanon Penna- 

Vallejos, Joseph Montenegro Chiclayo Lambayeque Peru 

Watson, Warren John Robesonia Berks Penna. 

Welty, Mervie Henry 386 King's Mill Road. . .York York Penna. 

Wenner, Richard Christian 150 S. Washington St. . . . Wilkes Barre Luzerne Penna. 

Wieder, Sara Catharine Sinking Springs Berks Penna. 

Williard, Maurice Henry 229 W. Main St Lykens Dauphin Penna. 

Wilt, Henry Toomey Manchester York Penna. 

Wood, Ralph Maulfair 19 E. Sheridan Ave Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Yeagley, Le Roy Edwin 204 College St Palmyra Lebanon Penna. 

Zeitlin, Sara Leah 550 N. 11th St Reading Berks Penna. 

, Zuse, DeWitt Philo Mount Wolf York Penna. 

SUB-FRESHMEN 

Andrews, Elmer Ross 650 Penn Avenue Hagerstown Washington Md. 

Bingham, Mrs. Alta C 16 E. Sheridan Ave Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Brenneman, Ida Elizabeth Blue Ball Lancaster Penna. 

Danker, Joseph Charles 133 Cranberry St Hazelton Luzerne Penna. 

Fortna, Ira Reuben 30 N. Fifth St Lebanon Lebanon Penna . 

Krause, Walter Ralph 113 S. 5th St Darby Delaware Penna. 

Metoxen, Emerson Oneida Wis. 

Ortiz, William Chiclayo Lambayeque Peru 

Raudenbush, May Esther 1227 Windsor St Reading Berks Penna. 

Sauer, William Alvin R. F. D. No. 1 Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Shenk, Anna Esther 471 E. Main St Annville Lebanon Penna. 

SPECIAL STUDENTS 

Bauder, Grace Emmeline 27 W. Main St Middletown Dauphin Penna. 

Bossert, Mildred Gladys 570 Stanbridge St Morristown Montgomery Penna. 

Bouterse, Pauline 33 S. Fourth St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Burdan, Charles Creto, Jr S. Ninth St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Clem, Sara Madge Lantz Mills Shenandoah Va. 

Flynn, Louis William Spring St Warehouse Point . . Hartford Conn. 

Gilbert, Esther Anna 507 Lehman St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Hostetter, Ammon Shaak R. F. D. No. 3 Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Kratzer, Ernest Palmer N. Lancaster St Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Le Van, Harvene Estelle 104 S. High St Mechanicsburg Cumberland Penna. 

Lindenmuth, Sara 126 Pine St Middletown Dauphin Penna. 

McCracken, Cartha Jane 108 E. Third St Altoona Blair Penna. 

McGraw, Helen Calvert Gaithersburg Montgomery Md. 

Rhodes, Margaret Harpel 1422 W. Market St York York Penna. 

MOUNT GRETNA SUMMER SCHOOL 

Aungst, Frank Clarence Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Baltzell, Ruth J 207 N. 6th St Reading Berks Penna. 

Barnhart, Cathryn 427 Willow St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Bender, Harold Bohn Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Biecher, George Risser 8th and Maple Sts Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Bomgardner, Alice M Route No. 8 Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Brenner, B. Leon. 4th and Willow Sts Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 



72 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 



STREET NUMBER POST OFFICE COUNTY STATE 



Brenner, Joseph 400 Willow St Lebanon Lebanon 

Cooley, Gladstone Paul Reliance Warren Va. 

Coover, Ethel Lewisberry York Penna. 

Craven, Catherine Chadds Ford Chester Penna. 

Eisenberg, Anna S Mount Gretna Lebanon Penna. 

Ensminger, Paul Snavely 525 N. Railroad St Palmyra Lebanon Penna. 

Fencil, Calvin Fisher 714 E. Maple St Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Garver, Mary E 330 N. Tenth St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Green, Yvonne Dorothy 121 S. 11th St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Haag, J. Harold 451 N. Fifth St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Herr, Samuel Meyer Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Hershey, Henry S 219 College Ave Lancaster Lancaster Penna. 

Hiser, Carl William Petersburg Grant W. Va. 

Hopple, Elizabeth Matilda 8 Mifflin St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Hostetter, Helen Kathryn 168 E. High St Elizabethtown Lancaster Penna. 

Knoderer, Claude L 236 Elm St Steelton Dauphin. Penna. 

Kreider, Ralph R. D. No. 2 Jonestown Lebanon Penna. 

Lengle, Blanche Christiana 820 N. Plum St Lancaster Lancaster Penna 

Light, Claude Felix Route No. 3 Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Loudon, Idella 407 Jucunda St., 

Mt. Oliver Branch Pittsburgh Allegheny Penna. 

McConnell, Mabel Honeybrook Chester Penna. 

Mader, David Elias 367 N. 8th St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Maurer, Marguerite E 260 S. Eighth St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Miller, Essie Edwood Windsor Burke N. C. 

Miller, Esther E 213 S. 10th St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Nisley, Mrs. Gertrude H Progress Dauphin Penna. 

Nisley, Kathryn Harper Progress Dauphin Penna. 

Overdeer, Elizabeth M 206 E. Emaus St Middletown Dauphin Penna. 

Shaak, Carrie R 311 E. Cumberland St. . . Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Smith, Charles Clair Windsor York Penna. 

Youtz, Rosa M Colebrook Lebanon Penna. 

Zeigler, Martha Leone Red Lion York Penna. 

Zeigler, Rosa Ellen 440 N. 7th St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Ziegler, Susan Belle Red Lion York Penna. 

EXTENSION CLASSES 

Bachman, Esther Margie 129 Areba Ave Hershey Dauphin Penna. 

Barnhart, Cathryn L 427 Willow St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Barnhart, Eva R 124 N. 10th St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Beard, Mary 524 Walnut St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Bentley, Edith Camp Hill Cumberland Penna. 

Billow, Milton O 2419 N. 5th St Harrisburg Dauphin Penna. 

Billow, Mrs. Milton 2419 N. 5th St Harrisburg Dauphin Penna. 

Boltz, Esther L 438 N. 10th St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Bortz, Emma E 409 N. Ninth St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Boyer, Ruth 1244 Willow St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Brightbill, Allen P Schaefferstown Lebanon Penna. 

Brunner, W. Albert 1814 Briggs St Harrisburg Dauphin Penna. 

Butler, Marguerite 60 Balm St Harrisburg Dauphin Penna. 

Capp, Minnie 121 S. 11th St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Cobaugh, H. B 418 S. 13th St Harrisburg Dauphin Penna. 



BULLETIN 73 

NAME STREET NUMBER POST OFFICE COUNTY STATE 

Conley, J. K 306 Walnut St .Steelton Dauphin Penna. 

Culp, Charlotte M 904 Cumberland St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Doebler, Sybilla S 365 S. 11th St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Evans, Henrietta 14 N. 10th St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Fisher, Caroline Derr 1 13 S. 10th St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Fisher, Ethel 217 Boas Street Harrisburg Dauphin Penna. 

Forney, Myrl 1 808 Cumberland St Lebanon — Lebanon Penna. 

Fry, Lucina L 30 S. White Oak St Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Garman, Laura E 1606 Perm St Harrisburg Dauphin Penna. 

Gassert, Sarah M 338 S. Ninth St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Gemmi, Lillian 816 Church St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Gingrich, Mrs. Bertha 2026 Green St Harrisburg Dauphin Penna. 

Gottshall, Raymond Y Y. M. C. A Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Griffith, Isabella G 504 Donaldson Building. Harrisburg Dauphin Penna 

Grubb, Percy 417 Briggs St Harrisburg Dauphin Penna. 

Gruber, Alice 513 Weidman St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Guest, Joseph Y. M. C. A Harrisburg Dauphin Penna. 

Gumpert, Harry A 1105 Penn St Harrisburg Dauphin Penna. 

Haag, Harold 451 N. 5th St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Heagy, S. Loraine 1737 Market St Harrisburg Daupnin Penna. 

Helm, Sara E 546 Spruce St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Hoffman, Gertrude 1616 N. Third St Harrisburg Dauphin Penna. 

Hoke, Myrtle 2014 N. 6th St Harrisburg Dauphin Penna. 

Holland, Iona 428 N. 5th St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Hook, Clara H 237 Maclay St Harrisburg Dauphin Penna. 

Horst, Bertha B Quentin Lebanon Penna. 

Hostetter, D. Ralph 3651 Derry St Harrisburg Dauphin Penna. 

Hottenstein, Harriet 20 S. 1 1th St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Hower, Robert Eneas 817 Mifflin St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Hughes, Anna R 823 Lehman St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Uiff, C. Roberta 823 Lehman St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Johnson, Kathryn E 145 N. Ninth St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Keath, Georgette Schaeff erstown . . . .Lebanon Penna. 

Kerlin, Frank R 280 Market St Lemoyne Cumberland Penna. 

Kern, Rebecca 458 N. 6th St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Klick, Charlotte 40 Lehman St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Kreider, Edna C Ill E. Cumberland St.. .Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Kreider, Ida 708 Walnut St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Kreider, John H Campbelltown Lebanon Paenn. 

Kuntzelman, Harry D Newmanstown .... Lebanon Penna. 

Larrabee, W. L 40 S. Harrisburg St Steelton Dauphin Penna. 

Lebo, Beulah 320 S. 6th St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Lehman, Mary H 31 S. 7th St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Leswig, J Harrisburg Dauphin Penna. 

Light, Emma R 330 N. Ninth St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Light, Naomi R 610 Cumberland St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Lindenmuth, Pearl C 322 Federal St Lebanon Lebanon, Penna. 

Loos, Annie 2nd and Chestnut Sts . . . Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Mann, Mrs. Edna F 239 Briggs St Harrisburg Dauphin Penna. 

March, Bessie E 410 S. 13th St Harrisburg Dauphin Penna. 

Maurer, Marguerite E 260 S. 8th St Lebanon Lebanon Penna, 

Meikle, W. D 1716 North St Harrisburg Dauphin Penna. 

Melville, Marie 1835 N. Second St Harrisburg Dauphin Penna. 



74 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

NAME STREET NUMBER POST OFFICE C0TJNTY STATE 

Moser, Lyle A Muir Schuylkill Penna. 

Moser, Thomas E Muir Schuylkill Penna. 

Moyer, Katherine C Schaeff erstown Lebanon Penna. 

Musser, Sarah E US. 10th St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Nisley, Mrs. Gertrude H 103 Shell St Progress Dauphin Penna. 

Page, Flora M 216 Chestnut St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Patterson, Anna 208 S. 13th St Harrisburg Dauphin Penna. 

Peifer, James R 525 Peffer St Harrisburg Dauphin Penna. 

Pott, Minnie E 922 Mifflin St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Quickel, G. H 41 N. 19th St Harrisburg Dauphin Penna. 

Ramer, Pearl S 827 Lehman St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Rebstock, Elizabeth Chestnut St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Reinoehl, Emma L 412 N. 10th St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Reidel, Etta M 442i N. 7th St .Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Riegel, Rhoda M 119 S. 11th St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Sanders, Mrs. Elizabeth 1117 Chestnut St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Schools, K. Helen 373 N. Ninth St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Schropp, Arbelin M 125 N. 10th St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Scott, S. Agnes 431 Willow St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Seltzer, Edna E 15 S. 4th St Lebanon Lebanon Penna # 

Shaak, Carrie R 311 E. Cumberland St.. .Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Shumaker, Guy R 420 S. 15th St Harrisburg Dauphin Penna. 

Siegrist, Lottie Y 114 S. 7th St Lebanon Lebanon Penna 

Sloane, D. W Harrisburg Dauphin Penna. 

Smith, Ella M 16 E. Walnut St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Smith, Maude 429 Walnut Street Lebanon Lebanon Penna 

Spangler, Nita 20 N. 2nd St Harrisburg Dauphin Penna 

Spayd, Mary Elizabeth 117 S. 11th St Lebanon Lebanon Penna 

Stober, Nathaniel P Schaefferstown .... Lebanon Penna 

Strickler, Mary Ellen 330 Chestnut St Lebanon Lebanon Penna 

Strickler, Mary M Schaefferstown Lebanon Penna. 

Thomas, Mary B 608 N. Third St Harrisburg Dauphin Penna. 

Ulrich, Esther M Box 1090 Annville Lebanon Penna 

Walzer Ruth McCullough 1803 N. 2nd St Harrisburg Dauphin Penna.' 

Weaver, Nellie R 219 S. 9th St Lebanon Lebanon Penna 

Wenger, Henry Main St Campbelltown Lebanon Penna. 

Westenberger, Blanche 233 S. Ninth St Lebanon Lebanon Penna 

Wolfe, Florence M 464 N. 5th St Lebanon Lebanon Penna 

Yeagley, Katherine E 509 N. 8th St Lebanon Lebanon Penna 

Yordy, Elizabeth 118 S. 8th St Lebanon Lebanon Penna 

Youtz, Rosa M Colebrook Lebanon Penna 

Zerbe, Ellen M 537 N. 8th St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Zerbe, Lena M 537 N. 8th St Lebanon Lebanon Penna . 

ORATORY STUDENTS 

Greiner, Sara Hoff er 828 Walnut St Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Heindel, Rachel Naomi West Broadway Red Lion York Penna. 

Heister, Mary Frances Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Hostetter, Helen Kathryn 168 E. High St Elizabethtown Lancaster Penna. 

Hughes, Helen Marie 642 Cleveland Ave York York Penna. 

Kratzert, Kathryn Elizabeth 619 N. Shippen St Lancaster Lancaster Penna. 

Morrow, Hazel Mae Duncannon Perry Penna. 



BULLETIN 



75 



STREET NUMBER 



POST OFFICE 



COUNTY 



Oyer, Ruth Hollar 303 E. Burd St Shippensburg Cumberland Penna. 

Reeves, Clarice Mae 224 Market St Highspire Dauphin Penna. 

Shenk, Sara Lucile 471 E. Main St Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Weisman, Lena "A" Emlenton Venango Penna. 

Zeitlin, Sara Leah 550 N. 11th St Reading Berks Penna. 



CONSERVATORY OF MUSIC STUDENTS 

GRADUATE STUDENTS 



NAME 

Harclerode, William H (Bachelor of Music 

Course) 

Richwine, Marie B (Bachelor of Music 

Course) 



CITY COUNTY STATE 

. Harrisburg Dauphin Penna. 

. Ephrata Lancaster Penna. 



SENIORS 

Bossert, Mildred Gladys (Organ and Piano) Norristown Montgomery Penna. 

Hopple, Kathryn Light (Public School Music). . .Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Light, Marion Elizabeth (Piano Normal) Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Pell, Verna Pauline (Piano Normal) Lykens Dauphin Penna. 



Sholly , Dorothy Mae (Public School Music) . . . Annville Lebanon. 



. PenriE 



JUNIORS 

Baker, Ruth Caroline (Piano and Public School 

Music) 



Hazelton . 



Luzerne. 



Bauder, Grace Emmeline (Public School Music). 

Fishburn, Hannah Celestia (Public School Music).. 

Gilbert, Esther Anna (Public School Music). . 

Lindenmuth, Sara (Public School Music). . 

Thomas, Mary Ellen (Piano) 



. . . Penna. 

Middletown Dauphin Penna. 

Ephrata Lancaster Penna. 

. Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

. Middletown Dauphin Penna. 

Frederick Frederick Md. 



SOPHOMORES 



LeVan, Harvene Estelle (Piano). 

Rhodes, Margaret Harpel (Piano). 



Mechanicsburg. 
.York 



. Cumberland Penna . 

.York Penna. 



FRESHMEN 

Clem, Madge (Piano) Lantz Mills Shenandoah Va. 

Kichner, Franklin Martin (Piano and Violin) Cressona Schuylkill Penna. 

McGraw, Helen Calvert (Piano) Gaithersburg Montgomery Md. 

Rockafellow, Ruth Baelsford (Piano and Organ) Forest Grove Bucks Penna. 



SPECIALS 

Balsbaugh, Kathrin Susan (Voice) Swatara Station. . .Dauphin Penna 

Beatty, Gertrude Lucile (Piano) Annville Lebanon Penna 

Blouch, Bertha Irene (Piano) Water Works Lebanon Penna 

Bomberger, Anna K (Piano and Harmony) . . . Annville Lebanon Penna 

Bortz, Dorcas Everette (Piano) Lebanon Lebanon Penna 

Bouterse, Pauline (Voice) Lebanon Lebanon Penna 



76 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

NA.ME CITY COUNTY STATE 

Bowman, Kathryn K (Piano) Palmyra Lebanon Penna. 

Bowman, LeRoy (Violin) Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Bowman, Lloyd Sharon (Violin) Halifax. Dauphin Penna. 

Boyer, Ralph Eugene (Voice) York. York Penna. 

Butterwick, Anna E (Piano) Annville Lebanon. Penna. 

Clark, Alma Mae (Piano) Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Clark, Elsie Mae (Piano) Downingtown Chester Penna. 

Clark, Forrest Roosevelt (Piano) Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Cohen, Charles (Piano) York York Penna. 

Cooper, Mrs. Paul E (Piano and Voice) York York Penna. 

Corle, Marian (Voice) Reading Berks Penna. 

Detweiler, Maggie T (Piano) Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Doll, Charlotte Mary (Piano) Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Evans, Samuel Donald (Voice) Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Fegan, Elsa M (Piano) Palmyra Lebanon Penna. 

Fields, Donald Eugene (Organ and Piano) Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Fink, Charles (Violin) Annville Lebanon. Penna. 

Gingrich, June Stauffer (Piano) Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Gingrich, Russell A (Voice) Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Gossard, Mary Elizabeth (Piano) Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Green, Yvonne Dorothy (Piano) Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Greiner, Sara Hoffer (Voice) Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Grimm, Henry H (Piano) Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Hall, Eleanor P (Piano) Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Harnish, Mrs. Edith (Voice) Palmyra Lebanon. , Penna. 

Hartz, Mary L (Piano).. Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Herr, Delia Marie (Voice) Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Hershey, Mary Bernice (Piano and Voice) Myerstown Lebanon Penna. 

Hoke, Samuel Erie (Piano) Meyersdale Somerset Penna. 

Hollinger, Margaret E (Piano) Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Hostetter, Helen Kathryn (Voice) Elizabethtown Lancaster Penna. 

Hughes, Esther Elizabeth (Piano) Lilly Cambria Penna. 

Kaufman, Carmie Margaret (Voice) Baltimore Baltimore Md. 

Kettering, Claire Nellie (Piano) Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Kettering, Elizabeth Violet (Piano) Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Kettering, Ruth Margaret (Piano) Annville Lebanon. Penna. 

Koons, Esther M (Piano and Harmony). . .Lebanon Lebanon. Penna. 

Kreider, Mrs. Ammon (Piano) Lebanon Lebanon. Penna. 

Kreider, Mrs. Gideon R., Jr (Voice) Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Kreider, Mildred Ruth (Voice) Harrisburg Dauphin Penna. 

Kreider, Nancy (Piano) Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Landis, Harold (Voice) Palmyra Lebanon Penna. 

Leach, Lester Marshall (Voice) Brushy Run Pendelton W. Va. 

Leachey, Mary Elizabeth (Voice) Parkesburg Chester Penna. 

Light, Margaret Ethel (Piano) Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Longenecker, Phoebe Cary (Voice) Palmyra Lebanon Penna. 

Mancha, Dorothy Carolyn (Piano and Harmony). . . Ridgely Caroline Md. 

Martin, Monroe (Violin) Annville Lebanon Penna. 

McCracken, Cartha Jane (Piano and Voice) Altoona Blair Penna. 

Mealey, Helen Louise (Voice) New Market Frederick. Md. 

Meyer, Emma R (Piano) Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Miller, Beatrice (Piano) Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Miller, Harry Lloyd (Violin) Tunkhannock Wyoming Penna. 

Nisley, Claribel Elizabeth (Piano) Harrisburg Dauphin Penna. 



BULLETIN 77 

NAME CITY COUNTY STATE 

Nisley, Kathryn Harper (Violin) Progress Dauphin Penna. 

Oyer, Miriam Rhea (Voice) Shippensburg Cumberland Penna. 

Rice, Meredith Ada (Piano) Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Rose, Permelia (Voice) Middletown Dauphin Penna. 

Runk, Charles Zacharias (Violin) Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Ruth, Ira Marquis (Organ) Sinking Springs Berks Penna. 

Sanders, Eugene (Voice) Palmyra Lebanon Penna. 

Saylor, Gardner (Piano) Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Seitzinger, Verna Irene (Voice) Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Shenk, Anna Esther (Voice) Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Shenk, Alfred (Violin) Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Sherk, Cyrus B (Voice) Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Sherk, John Kreider (Voice) Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Showers, Mary Elizabeth (Piano) Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Shroyer, David Kreider (Voice) Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Shroyer, Edgar (Violin) Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Slesser, Beatrice (Piano) Palmyra Lebanon Penna. 

Snavely , Susan Laura (Voice) Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Stauff er, Elizabeth Esther (Voice) Harrisburg Dauphin Penna. 

Strayer, Marion Edessa (Violin) Red Lion York Penna. 

Strickler, Mrs. Alfred D (Piano) Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Strickler, Alfred D (Voice) Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Tierney, Marie Anthony (Violin) Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Walter, Violet Priscilla (Piano) Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Wenner, William F (Voice) Wilkes Barre Luzerne Penna. 

Werner, Sara Groh (Organ and Harmony) . . Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Whiskeyman, Ruth M (Organ) Annville Lebanon Penna. 

Wise, Margaret Estella (Piano and Voice) Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Wolfe, Maude Mae (Piano) Progress Dauphin Penna. 

Young, Margaret (Piano) Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 

Zeigler, Jesse Orr (Voice) Elizabethville Dauphin Penna. 

Zeigler, Rosa Ellen (Voice) Lebanon Lebanon Penna. 



78 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 



SUMMARY COLLEGIATE YEAR 1922-1923 

Graduate Students 4 

Seniors 34 

Juniors 58 

Sophomores 82 

Freshmen 86 

Sub-Freshmen 11 

Specials 14 

Total in the College 289 

Conservatory of Music Ill 

Summer School 41 

Extension School Ill 

Oratory 12 

Total Enrollment in all Departments 564 

Names Repeated in Conservatory of Music, Summer School, 

Extension School and Oratory 76 

488 



BULLETIN 



79 



Degrees Conferred June 14, 1922 

Doctor of Divinity . 

Isaiah Witmer Sneath, Ph.D. 
Henry Hallam Tweedy, A.M. 

5»».«e/ G"> r <?^ Iftef/er q% ftp 

Master of Arts 

William Norman Martin, A.B. 

Bachelor of Arts 



Jay Hartzell Arnold 
Harold Bohn Bender 
Alta Brossman Bortz 
John Russell Bowman 
Meta Catharine Burbeck 
Miriam Crum Cassel 
Joseph Dwight Daugherty 
Harry A. Durborow 
Warren Henry Fake 
Earle Schuyler Gingrich 
Gertrude Kathryn Gingrich 
James Lot Gingrich 
Maryland Louise Glenn 
Ethel Irene Hartz 
Oliver Saxon Heckman 
Marian Viola Heffelman 
Samuel Meyer Herr 
Josephine Luella Hershey 



Verna Lois Hess 
Ruth Virginia Hiester 
Carl William Hiser 
Ralph Henry Homan 
Percy Rodney Kreider 
Ethel Mae Lehman 
Erdean Margaret Lerew 
Adam David Miller 
Essie Edwood Miller 
Paul Edward Ness 
Edwin Morris Rhoad 
Russell Otterbein Shadel 
Earl Russel Snavely 
Rufus Rhodes Stabley 
Anna Elizabeth Stern 
Josephine Burtner Stine 
Reuel Edison Swank 
Emil Gaston VandenBosche 



Bachelor of Science 

Erne Morris Hibbs 
John Wagner Snider 

Conservatory Diplomas Presented June 14, 1922 

Catharine Rosemary Englehardt, Pianoforte. 

Mabel Stauffer Gingrich, Public School Music. 

Minerva Violet Raab, Pianoforte and Public School Music. 

Pearl Ruby Seitz, Public School Music and Voice. 

Florence May Stark, Pianoforte. 

Edna L. Tittle, Public School Music. 



INDEX 

Absences 18 

Admission 25 

Advisers 17 

Astronomy 32 

Bible 32 

Biology 33 

Board of Trustees, Officers and Committees of the 5 

Buildings and Grounds 14 

Calendar 3 

Carnegie Library 14 

Chapel 18 

Chemistry 35 

Classification 17 

College Organizations 16 

Corporation 4 

Courses, College 28 

Outline of 30 

Description of 32 

Degrees Conferred 79 

Degree and Diploma 19 

Economics 52 

Education 37 

English 40 

Expenses, College 22 

Department of Music 63 

Faculty, College 6 

Department of Music 8 

French Language and Literature 43 

General Information 14 

German Language and Literature 44 

Graduate Work 19 

Greek Language and Literature 45 

History 46 

History of the College 11 

Laboratories 15 

Latin Language and Literature 47 

Limitations 18 

Mathematics 49 

Music Department 55 

Courses 62 

New Testament Greek 33 

Philosophy and Religion 53 

Physics 50 

Physical Culture 54 

Political Science 52 

Psychology 40 

Religious Work 15 

Register of Students 66 

Registration 18 

Requirements for Admission, College 25 

Scholarships 20 

Sociology 52 

Spanish 54