LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE BULLETIN CATALOGUE 1945-1946 u VOLUME XXXIII NUMBER 11 FEBRUARY, 1945 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE CAMPUS KEY TO NUMBERS 1 Administration Building 2 Engle Conservatory 3 North Hall 4 Men's Dormitory 5 Library 6 West Hall 7 Residence of President 8 Heating Plant 9 South Hall 10 Conservatory Annex A United Brethren in Christ Church B Evangelical Lutheran Church C Post Office D Tennis Courts MAIN STREET LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE BULLETIN CATALOGUE 1945-1946 Register for 1944-1945 Announcement of Courses for 1945-1946 Volume XXXIII February, 1945 Number 11 ANNVILLE, PENNSYLVANIA Dr. P. A. W. Wallace, Editor; Publications Committee: P. A. W. Wallace, Mary E. Gillespie, A. H. M. Stonecipher. Published during the months of January, February, April, May, August, October, November, by Lebanon Valley College, Annville, Pa. Entered as second class matter at the Post Office at Annville, Pa., under the Act of Congress of August 24, 1912. College Calendar FIRST SEMESTER— 1944 1944 Sept. 11-13 Monday to Wednesday Freshman Orientation ; registration Sept. 14 Thursday, 10 :00 a.m Opening Exercises Oct. 28 Saturday Home-Coming Day ; Meeting of Board of Trustees Nov. 10 Friday Midsemester reports due Nov. 22, 1 p.m.-Nov. 27, 8 :00 a.m Thanksgiving Recess Dec. 20, 1 p.m.-Jan. 3, 8 :00 a.m Christmas Recess 1945 Jan. 8-12 Monday to Friday Registration for second semester Jan. 20 Saturday noon First semester ends SECOND SEMESTER Jan. 22 Monday, 8 :00 a.m Second semester begins Jan. 22 Monday, 11 :00 a.m Mid- Year Commencement Mar. 29, 5 p.m. -April 3, 8 :00 a.m Easter Recess Apr. 19, 20. . . .Thursday, Friday Music Festival May 7-9 Monday to Wednesday Registration for 1945-1946 May 9-18 Wednesday to Friday Semester examinations May 11 Friday Meeting of Board of Trustees May 20 Sunday, 10 :30 a.m Baccalaureate Service May 21 Monday, 10 :00 a.m Seventy-sixth Annual Commencement SUMMER SCHOOL June 4 Monday Summer School opens August 24 Friday Summer School closes August 24 Friday, 11:00 a.m Summer Commencement FIRST SEMESTER— 1945 1945 Sept. 10-12. ... Monday to Wednesday. .. Freshman orientation; registration Sept. 13 Thursday, 10:00 a.m Opening Exercises Oct. 27 Saturday Home-Coming Day; meeting of Board of Trustees Nov. 9 Friday Midsemester reports due Nov. 21, 1:00 p.m.-Nov. 26, 8:00 a.m Thanksgiving Recess Dec. 19, 1:00 p.m.-Jan. 2, 8:00 a.m Christmas Recess 1946 Jan. 7-11 Monday to Friday Registration for second semester Jan. 10-18 .... Thursday to Friday Semester examinations Jan. 19 Saturday noon First semester ends SECOND SEMESTER Jan. 21 Monday, 8:00 a.m Second Semester begins Jan. 21 Monday, 11 :00 a.m Mid- Year Commencement Apr. 11, 12. . . . Thursday, Friday Music Festival Apr. 18, 5:00 p.m. -April 23, 8:00 a.m Easter Recess May 6-10 Monday to Friday Registration for 1945-1946 May 8-17 Wednesday to Friday .... Semester examinations May 17 Friday Meeting of Board of Trustees May 19 Sunday, 10:30 a.m Baccalaureate Service May 20 Monday, 10:00 a.m Seventy-seventh Annual Com- mencement 4 CALENDAR FOR 1945-1946 1945 January February March s M T w T F s s M T w T F s s M T w T F s 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 1 2 3 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 28 29 30 31 25 26 27 28 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 April May June 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 29 30 27 28 29 30 31 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 July August September 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 1 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 29 30 31 26 27 28 29 30 31 23 30 24 25 26 27 28 29 October November December 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 1 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 28 29 30 31 25 26 27 28 29 30 23 30 24 31 25 26 27 28 29 1946 January February March 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 1 2 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 27 28 29 30 31 24 25 26 27 28 24 31 25 26 27 28 29 30 April May June 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 1 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 28 29 30 26 27 28 29 30 31 23 30 24 25 26 27 28 29 The Corporation BOARD OF TRUSTEES Representatives from the East Pennsylvania Conference Mr. Roy Garber 828 Walnut St., Columbia, Pa 1945 Mr. John E. Gipple 1251 Market St.. Harrisburg, Pa 1945 Mr. O. E. Good, A.B 3405 Walnut St., Harrisburg, Pa 1945 Rev. H. E. Miller, A.M., B.D., D.D 346 N. 9th St., Lebanon, Pa 1945 Prof. H. H. Baish, A.M., LL.D 2615 N. 2d St.. Harrisburg, Pa 1945 Rev. S. C. Enck, A.M.. B.D., D.D 3228 N. Second St., Harrisburg. Pa 1946 Rev. P. B. Gibble, A.M., B.D., D.D 36 N. College St., Palmyra. Pa 1946 Rev. O. T. Ehrhart, A.B., D.D 937 W. Walnut St., Lancaster.Pa 1946 Rev. D. E. Young. A.M., B.D., D.D 704 N. 16th St.. Harrisburg, Pa 1946 Mr. E. W. Coble 344 N. W. End Ave., Lancaster, Pa 1947 Rev. W. A. Wilt, D.D Annville, Pa 1947 Rev. H. E. Schaeffer, A.M., D.D 3000 Herr St., Harrisburg, Pa 1947 Mr. C L. Bitzer Telegraph Bldg.. Harrisburg. Pa 1947 Representatives from the Pennsylvania Conference Rev. C. Guy Stambach, A.B., B.D., D.D. . . Mechanicsburg, Pa 1945 Mr. Harold T. Lutz 323 Tuscany Road, Baltimore 10, Md . . 1945 Rev. M. R. Fleming, B.D., Ph.D., D.D 219 S. 2nd St., Chambersburg, Pa 1945 Hon. W. N. McFaul, LL. B 4023 Roland Ave., Baltimore, Md 1945 Rev. Ira S. Ernst, A.B., B.D., D.D 2 Adams St., N. W., Washington, D.C. 1945 Rev. J. H. Ness, A.B., B.D., D.D 547 Madison Ave., York, Pa 1946 Rev. G. I. Rider, A.B., D.D 712 Church St., Hagerstown, Md 1946 Mr. Albert Watson 448 W. High St., Carlisle, Pa 1946 Mr. Huber D. Strine, A.B., M. A 1410 Mt. Rose St., York, Pa 1946 Rev. P. E. V. Shannon, A.B., B.D., D.D ... 114 N. Newberry St., York. Pa 1947 Rev. F. B. Plummer, A.B., D.D 106 E. Franklin St., Hagerstown, Md. . 1947 Mr. E. N. Funkhouser, A.B., LL.D Hagerstown, Md 1947 Mr. R. G. Mowrey, A.B., Ped.D Quincy, Pa. 1947 Representatives from the Virginia Conference Rev. J. Paul Gruver, A.B., B.D., D.D Berkeley Springs, W. Va 1945 Rev. C. W. Tinsman Innwood, W. Va 1945 Rev. J. E. Oliver, A.B., B.D 325 National Ave., Winchester, Va 1946 Mr. G. C. Ludwig Keyser, W. Va 1946 Rev. Carl W. Hiser, A.B. Martinsburg, W. Va. 1947 Rev. E. E. Miller, A.B., D.D Harrisonburg, Va 1947 Alumni Trustees Mrs. Louisa Williams Yardley, A.B.,' 18. 11 Green Hill Lane.Overbrook, Philadelphia Pa 1945 Mr. J. L. Appenzellar, A.B., "08 827 Cumberland St., Lebanon, Pa 1946 Mr. E. D. Williams, A.B., '17 Annville, Pa 1947 Trustees at Large Bishop G. D. Batdorf, Ph.D., LL.D., D.D. 1509 State St., Harrisburg. Pa 1945 Dr. H. M. Imboden, A.B., M.D., Sc.D 850 Park Ave., New York City 1945 Mr. Maurice R. Metzger, A.B., LL.B .... Middletown, Pa 1945 Hon. J. Paul Rupp, A. B., LL.B 603 Pine St., Steelton, Pa 1945 Mr. Lloyd A. Sattazahn 938 Chestnut St., Lebanon, Pa 1945 Mr. W. H. Worrilow 1st Ave., & E. High St., Lebanon, Pa. 1945 Members of the college faculty who are heads of departments are ex officio members of the Board of Trustees. Officers and Committees of the Board of Trustees President E. N. Funkhouser Vice President H. H. Baish Secretary and Treasurer S. H. Derickson Executive Committee C. A. Lynch, Chairman E. N. Funkhouser R. G. Mowrey S. H. Derickson J. H. Ness D. E. Young J. Paul Gruver H. E. Miller Finance Committee L. A. Sattazahn, 1945, Chairman E. N. Funkhouser, C. A. Lynch, S. H. Derickson ' Pres., Trustees Pres., College Treasurer H. H. Baish, 1945 O. E. Good, 1946 F. B. Plummer, 1947 G. C. Ludwig, 1946 Harold T. Lutz, 1946 J. E. Gipple, 1947 Auditing Committee J. E. Oliver, P. B. Gibble, Chairman N. O. Huber Chairman Nominating Committee I. S. Ernst H. E. Schaeffer, Chairman G. C. Ludwig J. L. Appenzellar Faculty Committee C. A. Lynch D. E. Young, Chairman J. P. Gruver P. E. V. Shannon E. D. Williams Buildings and Grounds Committee C. A. Lynch S. C. Enck, Chairman H. H. Shenk H. D. Strine E. D. Williams J. E. Oliver Library and Apparatus Committee C. A. Lynch I. S. Ernst, Chairman O. T. Ehrhart P. A. W. Wallace J. P. Gruver Farm Committee C. A. Lynch J. E. Gipple, Chairman S. H. Derickson P. E. V. Shannon C. W. Hiser Publicity Committee C. A. Lynch H. T. Lutz, Chairman O. T. Ehrhart P. A. W. Wallace H. M. Imboden E. D. Williams 7 Officers of Administration Clyde A. Lynch, President A.B., A.M., D.D., Lebanon Valley College B.D., Bonebrake Theological Seminary A.M., Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania LL.D., Albright College A. H. M. Stonecipher, M.A., Ph.D Dean of the College Samuel O. Grimm, A.M., Sc.D Registrar Mary E. Gillespie, A.M Dean of Women Helen Ethel Myers, A.B Librarian J. W. Esbenshade, A.B Secretary of the Finance Committee Edward M. Balsbaugh, B.Pd., B.S., Ped.D Alumni Secretary ASSISTANTS IN ADMINISTRATION Gladys M. Fencil, A.B Assistant Registrar Verna E. Mutch, A.B., B.S. in L.S Assistant Librarian Verda M. Miles Secretary to the President Elsie P. Stohler Assistant to Secretary of the Finance Committee Mrs. D. Clark Carmean Secretary to Director of Conservatory DORMITORY PROCTORS Men's Dormitory W. E. Herr North Hall Mary E. Gillespie South Hall Esther Henderson West Hall Lena L. Lietzau College Faculty Hiram H. Shenk A.B., Ursinut College; A.M., LL.D., Lebanon Valley College Professor of History Samuel H. Derickson B.S., M.S., ScD., Lebanon Valley College Professor of Biological Science Samuel Oliver Grimm B.Pd., Millersville State Normal School; A.B., A.M., Sc.D., Lebanon Valley College Registrar ; Professor of Physics and Mathematics Andrew Bender A.B., A.M., Lebanon Valley College; Ph.D., Columbia University Professor of Chemistry Paul A. W. Wallace B.A., M.A., Ph.D., University of Toronto Professor of English G. A. Richie A.B., D.D., Lebanon Valley College; B.D., Bonebrake Theological Seminary; A.M., University of Pennsylvania Professor of Bible and Greek Milton L. Stokes B.A., M.A., LL.B., University of Toronto; Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania Professor of Business Administration and Economics Stella Johnson Stevenson B.S., Ph.D., Johns Hopkins University Professor of French and Spanish Literature 9 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE V. Earl Light A.B., M.S., Lebanon Valley College; Ph.D., Johns Hopkins University Associate Professor of Biological Science Lena Louise Lietzau Ph.D., University of Vienna Professor of German George G. Struble B.S. in Ed., M.S. in Ed., University of Kansas; Ph.D., University of Wisconsin Associate Professor of English L. G. Bailey A.B., Lincoln Memorial University; M.A., University of South Carolina; Ph.D., University of Wisconsin Professor of Psychology Alvin H. M. Stonecipher B.A., M.A., Ph.D., Vanderbilt University Dean; Professor of Latin Language and Literature Jerome W. Frock* B.S. in Ed., Lebanon Valley College Director of Physical Education for Men and Coach Esther Henderson B.S. in Ed., Miami University; M.A. in Health and Physical Education, Columbia University Coach and Director of Physical Education for Women Amos H. Black A.B., Marietta College; A.M., University of West Virginia^ Ph.D., Cornell University Professor of Mathematics Paul O. Shettel* A.B., Lebanon Valley College; B.D., Bonebrake Theological Seminary; M.A., Gettysburg College; S.T.D., Westminster Theological Seminary Acting Professor of Philosophy and Religion On leave of absence in the armed service. 10 CATALOGUE Clyde S. Stine A.B., A.M., Ph.D., Cornell University Professor of Education and Instructor in Public Speaking; Director of Placement Bureau Frederic K. Miller* A.B., Lebanon Valley College; M.A., University of Pennsylvania Acting Professor of History Mrs. Lillian R. Page, R.N. Resident Nurse Rev. W. A. Wilt, D.D. College Pastor Conservatory Faculty Mary E. Gillespie, M.A. . .Director of the Conservatory of Music Valparaiso University, 1912-1913; Oberlin Conservatory, 1915-1916; B.S., Teachers College, Columbia University, 1926; Dalcroze School of Music, New York City, 1942; Public School Music Supervisor at Scottsburg, Indiana, and Braddock, Penna.; Director of Music at Women's College, University of Delaware, 1925-1930; M.A., Teachers College, Columbia University, 1934; Director of Lebanon Valley College Conservatory of Music, 1930 — ; Dean of Women, 1937— Ruth Engle Bender, A.B Harmony, Counterpoint and Piano A.B. Lebanon Valley College, 1915; Oberlin Conservatory, 1915-1916; Graduate of New England Conservatory of Music, 1918; Student of Lee Pattison, 1916-1918; Teacher of Piano and Theory, Lebanon Valley College, 1919-1921; Student of Ernest Hutcheson and Frank La Forge, New York City, 1921, 1924; Student of Sascha Gorodnitzki, New York City, 1942; Director of Lebanon Valley College Conservatory of Music, 1924-1930; Professor of Piano, Lebanon Valley College, Conservatory of Music, 1930 — ; Professor of Harmony, Counterpoint, and Piano, 1942 — On leave of absence in the armed service. 11 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE R. Porter Campbell, Mus.B Organ Diploma in Pianoforte, Lebanon Valley College Conservatory, 1915; Diplo- ma in Organ and Bachelor of Music degree, ibid., 1916; Teacher of Piano- forte, History and Theory, 1915-1917; U. S. Service, 1917-1919; Pianoforte and Pedagogy under Aloys Kramer and Arthur Freidheim, Summer Session, New York, 1921; Master Course in Organ Playing with Pietro A. Yon, New York, Summer of 1923 and Season of 1924; with Pietro A. Yon in Italy, Summer of 1924; Organist St. Luke's Episcopal Church, Lebanon, Pa.; Professor of Organ, Lebanon Valley College Conservatory of Music, 1920 — Harold Malsh Violin Graduate of the Institute of Musical Art, New York City (Dr. Frank Dam- rosch, Director); Private study with Louis Bostelmann, New York City; Ottakar Cadek, New York City; David Nowinsky, Philadelphia; Ben Stad, Philadelphia; Teacher in the Music and Art Institute, Mt. Vernon, N. Y.; Professor of Violin, Lebanon Valley College Conservatory of Music, 1924 — Alexander Crawford Voice Student of Evan Stephens, H. Sutton Goddard, and Wm. Shakespeare, London, England; Private Studio, Denver, Colorado, 1916-1923; Summer 1919, Deems Taylor; Private Studio, Carnegie Hall, N. Y. C, 1924-1927; Vocal Pedagogy w^h Douglas Stanley, New York City, 1935-1939; Pro- fessor of Voice, Lebanon Valley College Conservatory of Music, 1927 — Edward P. Rutledge, M.A Director of Musical Organizations Institute of Musical Art, New York, 1919-1921; B.S., Teachers College, Columbia University, 1925; Teacher of Instrumental Music, Public Schools, Neodesha, Kansas, 1925-1931; Instructor in Music Education, Summer Ses- sions, Columbia University, 1926-1931; M.A., Teachers College, Columbia University, 1931; Instructor in Music Education, Summer Sessions, Univer- sity of Pennsylvania, 1937-1941; Professor of Band and Orchestra Instru- ments, and Director of Musical Organizations, Lebanon Valley College Conservatory of Music, 1931 — D. Clark Carmean, M.A Music Education A.B., Ohio Wesleyan University, 1926; M.A., Teachers College, Columbia University, 1932; Supervisor of Instrumental Music, Erie County, 1927- 1929; Teacher of Music, Cleveland City Public Schools, 1929-1931; Teacher of Instrumental Music, Public Schools, Neodesha, Kansas, 1931-1933; Pro- fessor of Band and Orchestra Instruments, Lebanon Valley College Con- servatory of Music, 1933 — W. Merl Freeland, A.B.* Piano Oklahoma City University, 1926-1928; B.A., Oklahoma University, 1932; Ten years private teaching in Oklahoma; Accompanist and Student Conduc- tor of Oklahoma University Men's Glee Club, 1930-1931; Conductor of Men's Chorus, Oklahoma City, 1930-1931; Fellowship in Juilliard Graduate School of Music, New York City, 1932-1936; Student of Madame Olga Samaroff- Stokowski, 1932 — ; Extensive concert tours throughout the United States and Canada with Earle Spicer and Joseph Bentonelli; Professor of Piano, Leba- non Valley College Conservatory of Music, 1938 — 12 CATALOGUE Joseph B attista* Piano Winner of D. Hendrik Ezerman Scholarship in Philadelphia, Pa., 1935; Student of Mme. Olga Samaroff-Stokowski, Philadelphia Conservatory of Music; Fellowship in Juilliard Graduate School of Music, New York City, 1936-1939; Student of Mme. Olga Samaroff-Stokowski; Illustrated lectures with Mme. Olga Samaroff-Stokowski for Metropolitan Opera Guild, 1937- 1938; Accompanist for Charles Hackett, voice instructor, Juilliard School of Music, 1938-1939; Winner of Youth Contest, Philadelphia, 1938, award- ing appearance with Philadelphia Orchestra; re-engaged in 1939 for regular pair of concerts in an all Richard Strauss program; Assistant to Mme. Olga Samaroff-Stokowski at Philadelphia Conservatory of Music, 1940; New York Debut, Town Hall, 1940, Town Hall recital, 1942; First winner of the Guiomar Novaes Award, resulting in a concert tour of Brazil, South America, as representative of the American pianistic youth, 1941; Professor of Piano, Lebanon Valley College Conservatory of Music, 1940 — Elizabeth Travis Piano New England Conservatory of Music, Boston, Massachusetts, soloist's diplo- ma in piano, 1921-1929; Private study with Artur Schnabel in Berlin, Ger- many, 1929-1931; European debut in Berlin, Germany, 1931; Soloist at Salzburg Festival, 1935; Major orchestral appearances include Vienna Phil- harmonic, Helsingfors Stadsorkestern, Colon Orchestra in Buenos Aires, National Symphony in Washington, D. C, and seven appearances with the Boston Symphony Orchestra; Recitals in capitals of Europe, and three tours of seven countries of South America; Solo recitals in this country include appearances in Boston, Washington, New York, and Los Angeles; Radio recitals in the United States, Europe, and South America; Student of Madame Olga Samaroff-Stokowski, 1941-1943; Professor of Piano, Lebanon Valley College Conservatory of Music, 1943-February, 1945. Louise Bernat Piano Jordan Conservatory, Indianapolis, Indiana. 1935-1937; Sigma Alpha Iota Scholarship, 1936; Scholarship with Rudolph Ganz, Chicago, 1937; Fellow- ship in Juilliard Graduate School of Music in New York City, 1938-1941; Student of Olga Samaroff-Stokowski, 1938 — ; Soloist and accompanist in recitals in Indianapolis, Washington, New York, Virginia, Connecticut, New Jersey, Michigan; Radio performances, 1937 — ; Instructor in Piano, Foxcroft School for Girls, Middleburg, Virginia, 1941-1944; Head of Piano depart- ment, Foxcroft School for Girls, 1943-1944; Professor of Piano, Lebanon Valley College Conservatory of Music, 1944 — . Ozan Marsh Piano Studied in Europe, 1935-1938, with Egon Petri and Emil Sauer, one of the last living virtuoso pupils of Franz Liszt; Entered Fontainebleau School in France, 1938, studying piano with Robert Casadesus, composition and coun- terpoint with Nadia Boulanger; Received the school's highest award of Cum Laude; Appeared with Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra; Recitals in England, France, Austria, Switzerland, and Poland; Scheduled to return to Europe at outbreak of War; New York debut in Town Hall, 1939; Resident Pianist at University of St. Lawrence, 1940-1943; Served in United States Navy, 1943-1944; Professor of Piano, Lebanon Valley College Conservatory of Music, 1945 — On leave of absence in the armed service. 13 Committees, Assistants, Supervisors COMMITTEES OF THE FACULTY, 1944-1945 Admissions — Stonecipher, Derickson, Gillespie Bulletin — Wallace, Gillespie, Stonecipher Chapel — Richie, Black, Stonecipher Class Absences — Stokes, Struble, Stevenson Commencement — Black, Struble, Mrs. Bender Credits — Deans and Heads of Departments Concerned Curriculum — Wallace, Derickson, Stonecipher Dramatics — Struble, Carmean, Wallace Educational Policy — Shenk, Derickson, Stonecipher Examinations — Stine, Bailey, Lietzau Extension — Summer School — Stokes, Carmean, Stine Freshman Week — Bailey, Gillespie, Stine Honorary Degrees — Derickson, Richie, Shenk La Vie Collegienne — Struble, Rutledge, Wallace Library— Myers, Lietzau, Light Men's Senate and Day Student Congress Committee — \ Stonecipher, Black, Stokes Phi Alpha Epsilon — Stevenson, Shenk, Stonecipher Post-War Planning — Stonecipher, Bender, Derickson, Gillespie, Steven- son, Wallace Quittapahilla — Struble, Carmean, Stokes Special Programs — Wallace, Bender, Richie Student Faculty Council — Stonecipher, Gillespie, Richie Student Finance — Stokes and Organization Advisers Student Employment — Stine, Black, Gillespie Women's Student Government Association and Women's Commuters' Council — Gillespie, Henderson, Lietzau Advisers Freshmen: A.B. — Stonecipher, Stevenson, Struble B.S. — Biology and Pre-Medical — Derickson Chemistry — Bender Music Education — Gillespie Economics and Pre-Legal — Stokes Pre-Theological — Richie Education — Stine "L" Club — Black Life Work Recruits — Richie Societies: Philokosmian — Black Delphian — Henderson Kalozetean — Derickson Y.M.C.A. — Richie, Black, Stonecipher Clionian — Myers Y.W.C.A. — Myers, Henderson, Lietzau The President and Dean are Ex Officio members of all committees. 14 CATALOGUE SUPERVISORS OF PRACTICE TEACHING Annville High School Clyde S. Stine A.B., M.A., Ph.D., Cornell University Department of Education, Lebanon Valley College Charles G. Dotter A.B., Lebanon Valley College Supervising Principal Ada C. Bossard A.M., Lebanon Valley College Modern Languages J. Gordon Starr B.S., Lebanon Valley College; M.A., University of Pennsylvania Social Science Mildred E. Myers A.B., Lebanon Valley College; M.A., Columbia University Latin Henry J. Hollinger A.B., Juniata College; M.A., Columbia University English Paul Billett A.B., Lebanon Valley College Science Pauline Rizza B.S., Pennsylvania State College Science Eloise M. Hollinger A.B., Lebanon Valley College History 15 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE DEPARTMENTAL ASSISTANTS, 1944-1945 Biology Geraldine Huss Biology Nancy Sattazahn Biology William Schindel Chemistry Nancy K. Schreiber Chemistry S. Elizabeth Sheetz Education Erma M. Loy English Johann Klick English Frances Workman French and Spanish Yvonne L. Raab Mathematics Catharine Yeager Physical Education Joseph Kania Physical Education Frank Shupper Psychology Dorothy Evelev Thomas Dean of Women Eleanor E. Hershey PRESIDENTS Rev. Thomas Rees Vickroy, Ph.D 1866-1871 Lucian H. Hammond, A.M 1871-1876 Rev. D. D. DeLong, A.M 1876-1887 Rev. E. S. Lorenz, A.M., B.D 1887-1889 Rev. Cyrus J. Kephart, A.M 1889-1890 E. Benjamin Bierman, A.M., Ph.D 1890-1897 Rev. Hervin U. Roop, A.M., Ph.D., LL.D 1897-1906 Rev. Abram Paul Funkhouser, B.S 1906-1907 Rev. Lawrence Keister, S.T.B., D.D 1907-1912 Rev. George Daniel Gossard, B.D., D.D., LL.D 1912-1932 Rev. Clyde Alvin Lynch, A.M., B.D., D.D., Ph.D., LL.D 1932- 16 Lebanon Valley College HISTORY THE quiet growth of Lebanon Valley College, now in its sev- enty-ninth year, has behind it an instructive and stimulating history. It is the history, not of a few brilliant men, but of a people and an ideal. The people were the members of the eastern conferences of the Church of the United Brethren in Christ; the ideal, that of a co-educational institution of learning in which the highest scholarship should be fostered in a Christian atmosphere, and in which religion should subsist without sectarianism. To give form to that ideal, Lebanon Valley College was founded at Annville, Pa., in 1866. To an outside observer, the history of the College from its open- ing by President Thomas Rees Vickroy on May 7, 1866, in a build- ing donated by the old Annville Academy and with a student body of forty-nine, might seem to consist merely in increases in the num- ber of students, corresponding increases in the faculty, the purchase of new grounds, and the erection of new buildings. But the inner history was marked by a long and bitter struggle against what often seemed insuperable obstacles, a struggle carried on by heroic men and women on the faculty, among the students, and in the conferences. There was, to begin with, the old controversy over the wisdom of providing higher education for the Church's young people. In the first year of the College's life a fierce attack upon the educational policy of which it was the fruit came near to putting an end to it at once. But the conference stood loyally by the institution it had cre- ated and fought the matter through, though it meant in the end the dropping of valued members from the Church. Some twenty years later another crisis developed over the question of relocating the College. The debate, which lasted for some years, so seriously divided the friends of the College that in the uncertainty all progress came to a stop. In the emergency Dr. E. Benjamin Bierman was called to the presidency, which he assumed in 1890. On the wave of enthusiasm which he was able to set in motion, the policy of permanency and enlargement was accepted. Buildings were renovated, the student body increased, and when that year the College received the Mary A. Dodge Scholarship Fund of ten thousand dol- lars — by far the largest single amount that had ever come to the institution — Lebanon Valley College was enabled to close its first quarter century with a complete renewal of the confidence in which it had been founded. 17 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE In 1897, under the presidency of Dr. Roop and with the assistance of old friends and new patrons, the College entered on a fresh period of expansion which saw the erection of the greater part of the pres- ent plant. Engle Music Hall, the Carnegie Library, and North Hall were first built. The destruction by fire of the old Administration Building tested the loyalty of college supporters but did not interfere with the program of expansion. The friends of the College rallied to build a new and larger Administration Building, a residence for the men, and a heating plant. Dr. Roop also provided proper quarters and modern equipment for the science departments. His vision and initiative laid the foundation for the success that has since come to the College. The inauguration of the late President George Daniel Gossard marks the beginning of the greatest era of prosperity. During his term of office the student body trebled in numbers, the faculty in- creased not only in numbers but also in attainments, and the elimi- nation of all phases of secondary education raised the institution to true college status. During this same period two great endowment campaigns were completed. Through the splendid support of the conferences, the alumni, and other friends, the College was made economically sound and her permanency placed beyond question. During the current year, 1945, the College has undertaken a suc- cessful financial campaign which has raised over half a million dol- lars for increased endowment and a physical education building. As Lebanon Valley College moves forward under the energetic guidance of her president, Dr. Clyde A. Lynch, she looks back with a feeling of reverence over her past. She sees there the small but proud history of a democratic institution, established by a pious peo- ple in the faith that "The truth shall make you free," and carried through dark days by the unswerving devotion and self-sacrifice of a faculty and a constituency poor in the world's goods but rich in faith in the ideals for which the College was founded. Lebanon Valley College is proud of its beginnings, and now, strengthened as it is in its economic sinews, with policies established and a vigorous administration assured, it looks forward in the spirit of its founders to taking rank among the leading educational institutions of the state. The pressure of the war has not led Lebanon Valley College to forget its prime function as a Liberal Arts College. The curriculum has undergone little change in subject matter. The war has, nevertheless, caused important changes in point of view. The emergency has set in a clearer light the essential char- acter and responsibilities of the institution, and it has enabled those in charge of certain courses, especially in the field of literature and the social sciences which in recent years have been confused by 18 CATALOGUE some uncertainty of aim, to find a firm center and a new orientation. It is, therefore, in the consciousness that she is engaged in the essential work of equipping young people with the knowledge, vision, and openness of mind without which our liberties can neither be understood nor maintained, that Lebanon Valley College devotes herself to the tasks of classroom and laboratory in the midst of a great war. A STATEMENT OF AIMS The motto of Lebanon Valley College, Libertas Per Veritatem, re- veals the educational policy of its founders, which remains essen- tially unchanged. While, in conformity with recent trends toward specialization, certain courses of an immediate and practical value have been added to the curriculum, the institution remains devoted to the purposes of a liberal education. It seeks to produce, first of all, cultured men and women: persons who are familiar with the great books and the "chief rival attitudes towards life" of all times, familiar with the principles that underlie all human relationships, and able to think for themselves on the problems around them. The College provides opportunities for certain types of profes- sional education without prejudicing its function as a liberal arts college. Students are prepared here for careers in commerce, teach- ing, and music, into which fields they may enter immediately on graduation. Fully accredited pre-professional courses are offered in medicine, law, and the ministry. Such courses, however, are not pursued in isolation, but are taken in connection with studies in the liberal arts. The College is in harmony with the American way of life. Appro- priate courses prepare students for citizenship in our democracy; various student activities provide training in cooperation and lead- ership ; and the responsibilities of campus government are shared by faculty and students alike. The College is also in harmony with the Christian way of life. Student organizations provide centres of religious influence. The faculty cooperates in fostering Christian ideals of conduct. The whole college meets daily in a short service of devotion. All students are encouraged to be faithful to the church of their choice. Through such means, and with the help of non-sectarian courses in Bible, Religion, and Philosophy, students are assisted in formulating for themselves a satisfying philosophy of life and in linking themselves with the spiritual forces necessary to their personal development and service to humanity. All these aims are the more readily attained since Lebanon Valley College limits its enrollment to approximately four hundred full-time 19 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE students, and so not only enables its faculty members and administra- tive officers to give much individual attention to the academic, per- sonal, and social problems of the students, but also permits every student to engage in useful extra-curricular activities. The intangible benefits of college life are powerfully fostered in the friendly atmos- phere of such a restricted community. ACADEMIC STANDING Lebanon Valley College is fully accredited by the Department of Public Instruction of Pennsylvania and by the Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools of the Middle Atlantic States and Maryland. It is a member of the Association of American Colleges and of the American Council on Education. Lebanon Valley College is a member of the National Association of Schools of Music. The Conservatory of Music is fully accredited by the Department of Public Instruction of Pennsylvania. LOCATION The College is situated in Annville, twenty-one miles east of Har- risburg, in the heart of Lebanon Valley, midway between two ranges of the Allegheny system, the Blue Mountains and the South Moun- tains. It is on the Benjamin Franklin Highway and the Philadel- phia-Reading Railroad, and is quickly reached by train or bus from Harrisburg, Reading, Philadelphia, Baltimore, and New York. BUILDINGS AND EQUIPMENT The campus, of twelve acres, occupies a high point in the centre of Annville. Around it are grouped twelve college buildings, includ- ing the Administration Building, the Carnegie Library, the Engle Conservatory of Music, the Men's Dormitory, and three dormitories for women : North Hall, South Hall, and West Hall. The Administration Building contains, in addition to the admin- istrative offices, the college lecture rooms, science laboratories, bi- ology and chemistry museums, and a gymnasium. Accommodations for study are provided on the lower floor of the library. These rooms are under the supervision of a librarian. The Y. M. C. A. lounge and the society halls are also available to mem- bers as study quarters. New quarters on Sheridan Avenue provide lounge rooms for the day students. Extramural and intramural sports are encouraged, the College providing equipment where needed. The following special provisions have been made for sports : an athletic field of five and one-half acres, 20 CATALOGUE five tennis courts, an archery range, a field for girls' hockey, a hand-ball court, and a gymnasium. A well-equipped and comfortable Infirmary has been provided, with a resident graduate nurse in attendance. THE COLLEGE LIBRARY The present library equipment is being expanded rapidly to meet the growing needs of the College. The library already contains a good collection of the foundation books needed by the various college departments. It is excellently equipped with works of general reference, such as encyclopedias, dictionaries, atlases, indexes, and year books. The periodicals room is provided with a large and growing list of technical journals and magazines of general interest. Incoming students are instructed in the use of catalogues and ref- erence books, and in the best methods of working in the library. Books, unless specially reserved for reference work, may be taken out by students. Inter-library loan courtesies enable the librarian to provide student or faculty member with books not found on the college shelves. The library is open during these hours: Monday to Friday. 8 a.m. to 5 :45 p.m. ; 7 p.m. to 9 :30 p.m. Saturday 9 a.m. to 12 noon; 1 p.m. to 3 p.m. The Hiram Herr Shenk Collection, which includes the well known Heilman Library, provides material for the study of the history of printing, the history of religious denominations, the history and cus- toms of the Pennsylvania Germans, and other items of local interest. It is especially rich in early Pennsylvania imprints, including many of the rare Saur Bibles and a large collection of Ephrata imprints. There are also sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth-century for- eign imprints. The C. B. Montgomery Memorial includes many transcripts and manuscripts dealing principally with the history of the iron industry in this region. This collection also contains some fine old French prints and the famous American edition of the Boydell, Shakespeare prints. These collections are housed in special rooms. They are open on Tuesday and Wednesday from 2 p.m. to 4 p.m. 21 Student Activities Christian Associations The Young Men's and Young Women's Christian Associations hold weekly devotional services and con- duct special courses in Bible and Mission Study. They are centers of the spiritual interests of the students, and de- serve the hearty support of all connected with the College. . . Wholesome social life on the campus is promoted by Societies the soc j et i es f t h e College, of which there are four : the Philokosmian, Kalozetean, Clionian, and Delphian, the last two conducted by the girls of the College. The social life of the campus centers largely around these societies, which also produce plays and present other programs of a literary or cultural nature. They are valuable agencies of college life, and students are advised to unite with one of them. The Athletic Association is composed of all the stu- . . . dents of the College and the cooperating Alumni. Athletics are controlled by a Council consisting of representatives of the Faculty and Alumni. .A group of students possessing ability in management and writing is selected annually by the Faculty to bring out a weekly periodical, La Vie Collegienne, devoted to col- lege and student interests. La Vie affords training of a highly spe- cialized kind to those interested in editorial work. Other opportuni- ties for journalistic training are afforded by The Quittapahilla, the annual year-book published by the Junior Class; and by the Green Blotter Club, whose membership consists of a selected group of writers, of whom four are chosen each year from among the first year students. . The College is a member of the Debating Association s of Pennsylvania Colleges, and supports a vigorous Debating Club from which teams are selected to represent the Col- lege in intercollegiate debates with neighboring colleges and uni- versities, such as Franklin and Marshall, Bucknell, Elizabethtown, Albright, Ursinus, Western Maryland, and Susquehanna. Member- ship in the Debating Club is open to all students, and four teams are selected each year by competitive try-outs. _ . Those interested in dramatics, and especially pros- pective teachers who wish to prepare themselves for coaching high school plays, will find experience in the annual Junior 22 CATALOGUE Play, the anniversary plays presented by the literary societies, and the monthly meetings of the Wig and Buckle Club. "Cub" member- ship in the Wig and Buckle is open to all students who desire experience in any branch of dramatics — acting, directing, stage mechanics, etc. Regular membership is limited to those who, on taking part in a college production, show real proficiency. This honorary scholarship society gives recognition E ., p to those who have achieved a high scholarship record during their college course. Those who have attained an average of 88 per cent during the first three and a half years of their college course and are of good moral character are eligible for membership. . Those who play musical instruments or who sing are eli- gible for membership in the musical organizations main- tained on the campus, such as the L. V. C. Band, Symphony Orches- tra, College Orchestra, Glee Club, and College Chorus. For detailed announcement concerning these organizations turn to page 93 of this catalogue. Many department clubs have been formed on the Department cam p US by groups of students interested in certain fields of investigation. At informal gatherings reports on current topics are presented and discussed, and visiting lecturers are entertained. The following is a list of such clubs: the Biology Club, Chemistry Club, Commerce Club, German Club, Green Blotter Club, International Relations Club (which sponsors a branch of the World Citizenship Movement), Wig and Buckle Club, Life Work Recruits, and Psychology Club. PRIZES, 1944 Max F. Lehman Memorial Mathematics Prize Established by the Class of 1907, in memory of a classmate. Awarded to that member of the freshman class who shall have at- tained the highest standing in mathematics. No award was made in 1944. Sophomore Prize in English Literature Established by the Class of 1928. Awarded to the three best stu- dents in Sophomore English (English 26), taking into account scholarship, originality, and progress. The prize was awarded in 1944 to Eleanor Jean Frezeman, Ruth Lois Karre, and Nancy M. Sattazahn. 23 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE Alice Evers Burtner Memorial Award Established in 1935 in memory of Mrs. Alice Evers Burtner, Class of 1883, by Daniel E. Burtner, Samuel J. Evers, and Evers Burtner. Awarded to an outstanding member of the Junior Class selected by the faculty on the basis of scholarship, character, social promise, and financial need. Awarded in 1944 to Jeanne Arlene Waller. Krutz Prize in Political and Social Science Established in 1943 by Dean A. Roger Krutz, Evangelical School of Theology, Reading, Pa. Awarded in 1944 to Etta Mae Ayers. 24 Admission Persons desiring to enter Lebanon Valley College should make application on official forms which may be obtained from the Regis- trar. The application should be accompanied by a transcript of the high school record on the form provided for that purpose. Students coming from other institutions must present certificates of good standing and honorable dismissal. All new students are required to present a physician's certificate showing that they have been successfully vaccinated within a period of seven years before their entrance to the College. Graduates of standard high schools (approved by the Pennsyl- vania State Department of Education, by the Association of Colleges and Preparatory Schools of the Middle Atlantic States and Mary- land, or by the state university of the state in which the school is located) may be admitted on presentation of certificates, signed by the proper authorities, showing the completion of a senior high school course or its equivalent. Such certificates must show that the candidate has adequate prep- aration to enable him to proceed successfully with the subject matter which is basic in the course to which admission is sought. If the candidate for admission is a graduate of a four-year high school, 16 units must be presented; if a graduate of a three-year senior high school, 12 units must be presented. One unit of mathe- matics and one of a foreign language from the 9th grade may be included in determining satisfactory preparation. During the war emergency the College will, in conformity with the policy of the Pennsylvania Department of Public Instruction, admit properly certified high school students at the end of the first half of their final year at school. Units acceptable for admission are from the following groups of subjects: English, Foreign Languages (ancient or modern), Mathe- matics (Algebra, Geometry, Trigonometry), Sciences (Biology, Chemistry, General Science, Physics), Social Studies (Civics, His- tory, etc.). Other subjects may be accepted at the discretion of the Committee on Admissions. DISTRIBUTION OF SUBJECTS A proper preparation for college includes credit in each of the above groups. To promote such distribution the college requires the candidate for admission from a Senior High School to present the following : 25 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE Minimum Requirements English 3 units Foreign Language 2 " Mathematics 2 " Science (Laboratory) 1 unit Social Studies 1 " Candidates coming from the four-year High School will be ex- pected to have 4 units in English. RECOMMENDATIONS In addition to the above minimum requirements, candidates should be careful to include subjects useful or necessary as preparation for the subjects to be pursued in college. Attention is especially directed to the following recommendations. Foreign Languages If languages and literature are to be emphasized in college, 3 to 6 units of foreign languages, including Latin, are recommended as a basis for more satisfactory work in these fields. Mathematics Candidates planning to go on with science should include at least V-/2 units of Algebra and a unit of Plane Geometry. Those who plan to proceed with the mathematical sciences (Mathematics and Phys- ics) should include 2 units of Algebra, a unit of Plane Geometry, and, wherever possible, Solid Geometry. Science Candidates who expect to emphasize the sciences should present 1 unit in each of Biology, Chemistry, and Physics. Music Candidates for the degree of Bachelor of Science in Music Edu- cation must (1) be a graduate of a four-year High School, and (2) possess a reasonable amount of musical intelligence and accomplish- ment, such as : (a) The possession of an acceptable singing voice and of a fairly quick sense of tone and rhythm; (b) Ability to sing at sight hymn and folk tunes with a fair degree of accuracy and facility ; (c) Ability to play the piano or some orchestral instrument rep- resenting two years' study. REGISTRATION Registration is the process of class assignment and is completed over the signatures of the adviser and the Registrar. No student will 26 CATALOGUE be admitted to any class without the proper registration card, which is sent direct to the department of instruction from the Registrar's office. The registration days for the collegiate year 1945-1946 are as follows: First semester, Sept. 12 for upper-class students and Sept. 10 for freshmen; second semester, Jan. 7-11. To expedite the opening of the school year in Pre-registration Septemberj all stu dents of 1944-1945 will be regis- tered during the month of May for the ensuing year's work. A fee of one dollar will be charged when this is not attended to at the time appointed. Changes in registration will be made in September without charge. Students registering later than the days specified will R a e . . be charged a fee of one dollar. Students desiring to register later than one week after the opening of the semester will be admitted only by special action of the proper com- mittee. When change of registration is advisable or necessary ange o such c h an g es mus t be made in the same way as the original registration, namely, over the signatures of the adviser and Registrar. Such changes will not be permitted after the close of the second week of the session. . Classification will be made on the following credit basis: Freshman standing, 16 units; Sophomore standing, 30 semester hours and 30 quality points ; Junior standing, 60 semester hours and 60 quality points; Senior standing, 90 semes- ter hours and 90 quality points. Credits for work done in other institutions, for which Standing advanced standing is desired, must be submitted to the Dean and a copy filed with the Registrar. FRESHMAN WEEK A few days are set apart at the beginning of the college year for the purpose of helping new students to become familiar with their academic surroundings. There are lectures, placement tests, hikes, and informal meetings with members of the faculty in their homes. New students are made acquainted with the College tradi- tions, and are advised concerning methods of study and the use of the library. All incoming students are required to take a thorough physical examination during the registration period. 27 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE ADVISERS The student will find little opportunity for specialization in the first year at college, but before registering for the second year he must choose a department in which to pursue work of special con- centration. This department shall be known as his major. The head of the department in which a student has elected to major becomes the adviser for that student. The adviser's approval is necessary before a student may register for or enter upon any course of study, or discontinue any work. He is the medium of communication be- tween the Faculty and the students majoring in his department, and stands to his students in the relation of a friendly counselor. Credits Class standing will be determined three times a year „ ,. for faculty consideration: nine weeks after the opening of college, and at the end of each semester. The standing in each course is indicated generally by classification in seven groups, as follows : A (90-100%) signifies that the record of the student is distin- guished. B (80-89%) signifies that the record of the student is very good. C (70-79%) signifies that the record is good. D (60-69%) signifies the lowest sustained record. E (below 60%) imposes a condition on the student. F (Failed completely) signifies that the student must drop or repeat the subject and cannot be admitted to subjects dependent thereon. I (Incomplete) signifies that work is incomplete, but otherwise satisfactory. LIMIT OF HOURS Every resident student must take at least fifteen hours of work as catalogued. Seventeen hours is the maximum permitted, except to students whose previous record shows a majority of A's. Such stu- dents are permitted a maximum of twenty hours. 28 Discipline The rules of the College are as few and simple as the proper reg- ulation of a community of young men and women will permit. The dormitories are under the immediate control of the faculty proctors and the student government bodies. Should a student be absent once beyond the number of au^ times a class meets each week, he will be required, un- less he can offer satisfactory excuse for such absence, to pay three dollars to the College and make up the lost work by such means as the professor in charge shall deem advisable. For every succeeding unexcused cut the student will be required to pay one dollar. All fines for overcuts must be paid before the student so de- linquent may be permitted to take his final examinations. Absence from the classes immediately preceding or immediately following vacation will be counted double. Students in the sophomore, junior, or senior year whose record in the work of the preceding semester shows an average of 90%, are not subject to the absence rule. Daily chapel attendance is required. Fifteen absences Att C (3 are a ^ owe d during a semester. When a student has reached the limit of his allowed cuts for the semester, he is liable to suspension from class attendance by the Dean if further cuts are incurred. . Hazing is strictly prohibited. Any infringement by mem- s bers of the other classes upon the personal rights of freshmen, or any discrimination against freshmen because of their class standing, is interpreted as hazing. DEFICIENT STUDENTS . A student who has failed to pass in 60% of the semes- ro a ion tef nours £ or w hich he is registered, or to secure 60% of the quality credits due on said hours, will be placed on probation. If at the close of the next semester such a student has still failed to meet this standard, he will be required to withdraw from college. . . , Students obtaining a final average below 60% ■d« ^o»,;«o*;««» Dut above 50% in any subject will be given a Ke-examinations .,_ ,. . „ , , _ J ,. . , Condition, and such Condition may be re- moved by obtaining a mark of 60% or more on a re-examination 29 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE to be taken at the College on the days appointed for supplemental examinations. Supplemental examinations will be held twice during the year : in September and six weeks after the beginning of the second semester. A fee of $3 will be charged for each supplemental examination. Except in the case of the final examinations of seniors, no immedi- ate re-examination will be given to students falling below the passing mark on the regular examinations. Conditions must be removed during the semester following that in which the condition was incurred, unless the instructor in charge recommends that the student become an auditor of the course when next given; in the latter case the condition must be removed when the course is next repeated. Failure to meet one or the other of these requirements converts the Condition into a Failure. 30 Expenses The rates on the following pages apply to the college year 1945- 1946. MATRICULATION A Matriculation Fee of five dollars must be paid by all full-time students who are entering the College for the first time or applying for a degree. This fee should accompany the application for admis- sion. If a student's application is not accepted, the fee will be returned. All students not enrolled in regular College or Conservatory courses will be required to pay a matriculation fee of one dollar, once in each school year. TUITION AND STUDENT ACTIVITIES FEES An annual charge of $325, which covers not only tuition for sev- enteen hours per semester in the College and Conservatory, but also a fee for student activities, will be made for all students in regular courses. Nine dollars will be charged for each additional semester hour of work taken in regular classes when the total number of hours for the year exceeds thirty-four. This rate will also apply to students who enroll for fewer than twelve hours in regular courses. It is understood that the charge for extra hours above the regu- larly permitted seventeen per semester shall not be affected by the addition of required hours in Physical Education ; in other words, a student may take without extra charge the required Physical Edu- cation over and above his seventeen hours per semester of academic work. The payment of the annual fee entitles the student not only to class- room instruction but to the following privileges as well : the use of the library, gymnasium, and athletic field; admission to athletic games on the home grounds or in Lebanon ; subscription to La Vie Collegienne and the College Year Book; membership in the Chris- tian Associations and student government associations; the use of the infirmary and care by the resident nurse. 31 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE LABORATORY FEES To cover the cost of materials used in the Laboratories, the fol- lowing fees are charged: each SEMESTER Methods of Teaching Biology (Education 404) $4.00 All other Biology courses, each ^. . 8.00 Chemistry 18 8.00 Chemistry 24 12.00 Chemistry 34 12.00 Chemistry 48 12.00 Chemistry 84 12.00 Chemistry 94 10.00 Chemistry 58 10.00 Chemistry 63 8.00 Chemistry 73 8.00 Chemistry 102 10.00 Physics 12, 21, 32, 42 5.00 Education 202 4.00 Education 82 1.00 Physical Science 103 2.00 There will be no refund of laboratory fees. A deposit of $2.00 is required of each student in the Biological Laboratory as a guarantee for the return of keys and apparatus. This amount, less any deductions for loss or breakage, is refunded when keys and apparatus are returned. Breakage Deposit for Chemistry Courses: Chemistry 18, $3; Chem- istry 24, $4; Chemistry 34, $4; Chemistry 48, $5; Chemistry 84, $4; Chemistry 94, $4; Chemistry 58, $4; Chemistry 63, $3; Chem- istry 102, $10. All breakage in the Chemical Laboratory will be charged against the individual student. Any balance of the above deposits due the student at the completion of his course will be returned or credited to his account, and any deficit beyond his de- posit will be charged to his regular college account. All deposits shall be paid at the College office. BOARDING The domestic department is in charge of a skilled and competent chef. Plain, substantial, and palatable food especially adapted to the needs of the student is provided. The kitchen is furnished with modern equipment, and all food is prepared in the most sanitary manner. The Boarding rate for the college year 1945-1946 is $225. The College reserves the right to increase this amount at any time during the year in case of unusual change in food prices. These rates do not include Christmas and Easter vacations. 32 CATALOGUE Students who leave college during the term will be required to pay board at the rate of $7.50 per week during their stay in college. All students who do not room and board at their homes are re- quired to room and board in the College unless special permission is obtained from the Executive Committee to do otherwise. Students refusing to comply with this regulation forfeit their privileges as students in the College. ROOM RENT Room rent varies from $55 to $108 except when double rooms are assigned to only one student, in which case the occupant will pay the regular rent for two. Rooms are reserved only for those who forward an advance payment of $25 not later than July 1 ; appli- cations received after that date must be accompanied by $25 to assure accommodations. There is no refund on room rentals. Occupants of a room are held responsible for all breakage and loss of furniture or any loss whatever for which the students are respon- sible. A breakage fee of $10 is required of each student rooming in the Men's Dormitory. All or part of this may be returned at the end of the year. A dormitory service fee of $6 is charged men in the Dormitory. A breakage fee of $5 is required for each student in the Women's Dormitories. After deducting the cost of repairing any damage to the room, estimated at the end of the college year, the balance will be returned or applied on account. Each room in the Men's Dormitory is furnished with a chiffonier and book case, and for each occupant a cot, a mattress, one chair, and a study table. Students must provide their own bedding, rugs, towels, soap, and all other furnishings. The Men's Dormitory is under the supervision of a member of the staff who occupies a suite of rooms in the building. A reception room on the first floor is provided for the accommo- dation of parents and other visitors. Each room in the Women's Dormitories is furnished with a rug, bed, mattress, chair, dresser, book-case, and study table. All other desired furnishings must be supplied by the student. All students to whom rooms are assigned are strictly forbidden to sublet their rooms to day students or to others for a money or any other consideration. One 40-watt light is furnished for each occupant of a room. The College reserves the right to close all the dormitories during vacations. A day students' room is provided for the women in South Hall. 33 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE An annual fee of $5 per student, none of which is returnable, is re- quired from the women, to cover janitor service and breakage. An annual fee of $10.00, none of which is returnable, is charged all male day students for their occupancy of the day students' house on Sheridan Avenue. SCHEDULE OF ANNUAL CHARGES Tuition and Student Activities Fees $325.00 Boarding 225.00 Room Rent $55.00 to 108.00 Service Charge, Men's Dormitory 6.00 Matriculation Fee — payable only once, i. e., when the stu- dent first enters the College 5.00 FEE FOR PRACTICE TEACHING A fee of $17.50 for each semester is charged to all students in the College and the Conservatory who do practice teaching. GRADUATION FEE Sixty days prior to Commencement, candidates for degrees are required to pay the following fees: Students graduating in the College, $15; students -graduating in Music, $15; students receiving certificates in Music, $8. In addition, students applying for degrees who have not been previously regularly matriculated in the College, are required to pay an initial registration fee of $5. PAYMENT OF FEES An advance payment of $25 must be made by each student to pro- vide for registration. Students who reserve rooms in the dormitories are required to make this payment by July 1 to secure the reser- vation. After this date rooms not so secured may be assigned to other applicants. All other students in order to be certain of admission to the College must make this advance payment by September 1. Regis- tration is not completed and students will not be admitted to class until this payment is made. No refund will be made on this fee. Bills for regular college expenses, including tuition, laboratory fees, boarding, and room rent, are issued at the beginning of each semester, covering the expenses for the full semester. These bills are due on the day they are issued and must be paid within ten days from the day the semester begins ; otherwise, the student will be re- quired to withdraw from college. Satisfactory settlement of all bills and fees is required before an honorable dismissal may be granted or grades recorded. Students who are candidates for diplomas or certificates must make 34 CATALOGUE full settlement entirely satisfactory to the Finance Committee before diplomas or certificates will be sealed and delivered. DEFERRED PAYMENTS— THE TUITION PLAN Since some parents may prefer to pay tuition and other fees in equal monthly installments during the academic year, we are glad to offer this convenience under the Tuition Plan. The cost is 4% greater than when payment is made in cash at the beginning of each semester. Parents who prefer to pay in installments need merely notify us and we shall send them the necessary forms promptly. Application should be made within the ten days following the opening of the semester. ABSENCE AND SICKNESS When students retain their class standing during absence from college because of sickness or for any other reason, no rebate or re- fund will be allowed on tuition. In case of suspension for any reason there will be no rebate. In case of sickness which occasions loss of class standing, a rea- sonable rebate or refund will be allowed on tuition. No refunds will be allowed on room rents. AID TO STUDENTS Help is extended annually to a limited number of students, but only to those pursuing full courses in the College or Conservatory. This help is given in the form of Scholarships, Waiterships, Janitor- ships, Tutorships, or Library Assistantships. Such help is given on the explicit condition that the recipient comply with all the rules and regulations of the College and give evidence of real need. A student forfeits the privilege of a scholarship or other help from the College when his average grade for the semester falls below B-, when in any way he refuses to cooperate with the College, or when he disregards the regulations of the institution. Students rooming in dormitories and boarding at the college Din- ing Hall will be given preference when work of various kinds is assigned. SCHOLARSHIPS, TRUST FUNDS, AND REBATES The College offers a limited number of tuition scholarships upon recommendation of the Scholarship Committee. It also makes some loans. 35 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE Students who transfer to other institutions before completing the number of years designated in their application for admission shall be required to refund all scholarship and loan grants before their transcripts are sent to other institutions. Students preparing for the ministry in the Church of the United Brethren in Christ and having quarterly or annual conference license to preach, will, if living at the College, be entitled to $100 reduction in tuition, provided they maintain satisfactory academic standing. Day students, preparing for the ministry, will be entitled to $50 re- duction, under the same conditions. No scholarship or rebate will be granted for a period shorter than a semester. Ministers' children and the children of members of the Faculty, are entitled to an annual reduction of $50 on full tuition, in either the College or the Conservatory, unless they are day students, in which case they are entitled to a reduction of $25. Scholarships do not cover the tuition for extra work taken. Scholarships are not applied to accounts in Summer School or Extension School; however, competitive scholarship awards may be applied to accounts in the Summer School when the recipient is accelerating prior to his entrance into the armed forces. 36 Endowment Aids PROFESSORSHIPS Chair of Bible and Greek Testament $15,230.00 Josephine Bittinger Eberly Professorship of Latin Language and Literature 40,000.00 John Evans Lehman Chair of Mathematics 36,430.04 Rev. J. B. Weidler Fund 200.00 STUDENT AID United States Senator James J. Davis Scholarship Fund $ 100.00 Mary A. Dodge Fund. 9,500.00 Daniel Eberly Scholarship Fund 514.66 John A. H. Keith Fund 100.00 Henry B. Stehman Fund 853.00 SCHOLARSHIPS Allegheny Conference C. E. Society, Scholarship $ 1,000.00 Dorothy Jean Bachman Scholarship Fund 1,000.00 Lillian Merle Bachman Scholarship Fund 1,000.00 Michael H. Bachman Memorial Scholarship Fund 1,000.00 Baltimore Fifth Church, Otterbein Memorial Sunday School Scholarship.. 3,000.00 E. M. Baum Scholarship Fund 500.00 Dr. and Mrs. Andrew Bender Scholarship Fund 1,000.00 Biological Scholarship Fund 2,517.00 Eliza Bittinger Scholarship Fund 12,000.00 Mary A. Bixler Scholarship Fund 500.00 I. T. Buffington Scholarship Fund 2,000.00 Alice Evers Burtner Memorial Award Fund 2,000.00 Isaiah H. Daugherty and Benjamin P. Raab Memorial Scholarship 1,500.00 S. H. and Jennie Derickson Scholarship Fund 2,787.50 William E. Duff Scholarship Fund 600.00 East Pennsylvania Branch W. M. A. Scholarship 3,000.00 East Pennsylvania Conference C. E. Scholarship 5,000.00 Samuel F. and Agnes B. Engle Scholarship Fund 6,000.00 M. C. Favinger and Wife Scholarship Fund 1,000.00 Fred E. Foos Scholarship Fund 1,000.00 C. C. Gingrich Scholarship Fund 3,000.00 G. D. Gossard and Wife Scholarship Fund 3,300.00 Peter Graybill Scholarship Fund 1,000.00 Jacob F. Greasley Scholarship Fund 500.00 Harrisburg Otterbein Church Scholarship Fund 2,120.00 Harrisburg Otterbein Sunday School Scholarship Fund 1,100.00 J. M. Heagy and Wife Scholarship Fund 500.00 Bertha Foos Heinz Scholarship Fund 1,000.00 Harvey E. Herr Memorial Scholarship Fund 1,000.00 Edwin M. Hershey Scholarship Fund 400.00 H. S. Immel Scholarship Fund 5,000.00 Henry G. and Anna S. Kauffman and Family Scholarship Fund 1,000.00 Barbara June Kettering Scholarship Fund 1,020.00 Rev. and Mrs. J. E. and Rev. A. H. Kleffman Scholarship Fund 1,000.00 The A. S. Kreider Ministerial Fund 1 5,000.00 W. E. Kreider Scholarship Fund 2,000.00 The Lorenz Benevolent Fund 6,000.00 Mrs. Savilla Loux Scholarship Fund 1,000.00 Lykens Otterbein Church Scholarship Fund 1,000.00 Mechanicsburg U. B. Sunday School Scholarship 2,000.00 Medical Scholarship Fund 245.00 Elizabeth Meyer Endowment Fund. 500.00 Elizabeth May Meyer Musical Scholarship Fund 1,550.00 Mrs. Elizabeth H. Millard Memorial Scholarship Fund 5,000.00 37 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE Bishop J. S. Mills Scholarship Fund $ 5,500.00 Elizabeth A. Mower Beneficiary Fund 225.00 Grace U. B. Church of Penbrook, Pa., Scholarship Fund 3,000.00 Pennsylvania Branch W. M. A. Scholarship Fund 2,500.00 Pennsylvania Conference C. E. Scholarship 4,350.00 Rev. H. C. Phillips Scholarship Fund 1,300.00 Sophia Plitt Scholarship Fund 6,380.00 Ezra G. Ranck and Wife Scholarship Fund 1,000.00 Levi S. Reist Scholarship Fund 300.00 Harvey L. Seltzer Scholarship Fund 3,000.00 BOOKS FjpR LIBRARY Library Fund of Class of 1916 $ 1,325.00 MAINTENANCE OF BUILDINGS Hiram E. Steinmetz Memorial Room Fund $ 200.00 MISCELLANEOUS Class of 1928 Prize for Proficiency in English $ 835.00 Rev. John P. Cowling Memorial Fund 700.00 Harnish-Houser Publicity Fund 2,000.00 Max F. Lehman Prize in Freshman Mathematics 400.00 38 Requirements for Degree Lebanon Valley College offers the degree of Bachelor of Arts (A.B.) and the degree of Bachelor of Science (B.S.). _ ., Degrees will be conferred only upon candidates R uir t who have spent at least a full year in actual resi- dence. Candidates for degrees must obtain a minimum of 126 se- mester hours credit in academic work, and in addition 4 semester hours in Physical Education, making a total of 130 semes- ter hours. It is understood, however, that a student who has a physical disability may be excused (on recommendation from the college physician) from the requirement in Physical Education with- out being obliged to substitute other work in order to bring his total of semester hours from 126 to 130. Candidates for degrees must also obtain a minimum of p • t 130 quality points, computed as follows: for a grade of A, 3 points for each credit hour ; for a grade of B, 2 points ; for a grade of C, 1 point. No quality credit will be given for a grade of D. __ . As part of this total requirement, every candidate , M . must present at least 24 semester hours in one de- partment (to be known as his Major), and at least 16 semester hours in another department (to be known as his Minor). Both Major and Minor must be selected before registration for the sophomore year, the Minor to be suitably related to the Major, and chosen with the advice and approval of the Head of the Major Department. The A.B. degree will be awarded to those fulfilling the require- ments for a Major in the following departments:* Bible and Religion, English, French, German, Greek, History, Latin, Mathematics (Arts option), Political Science and Sociology, Philosophy, and Psy- chology. The B.S. degree will be awarded to those fulfilling the require- ments for a Major in the following departments: Biology, Chemis- try, Mathematics (Science option), Physics, Business Administra- tion and Economics, Education, Music Education. Those majoring in Education must take two Minors of not less than 18 semester hours each. For the special requirements for those majoring in Business Ad- 39 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE ministration and Economics, see p. 79; for those majoring in Music Education, see p. 84; for those majoring in Chemistry, see p. 80. GENERAL REQUIREMENTS Certain courses embodying the fundamentals of a liberal education, are required of all students. These courses, which vary slightly ac- cording to the degree sought, are as follows : Bible 14 and 82 6 hours English 16 and 26 12 hours Foreign Language 1 History 2 6 hours Hygiene 1 hour Mathematics 3 Orientation 1 hour Philosophy 32 2 hours Physical Education 4 hours Psychology 13 3 hours Science 4 Social Studies 6 hours Economics 16 or Philosophy 23-A and 23-B or Political Science 16 or Sociology 13 and 23 1 For the A.B. degree 12 hours of Foreign Language are required. For the B.S. degree 6 hours are required above the beginners' course. Courses may be selected from French, German, Greek, Latin, or Spanish. 2 This may be made up from the following courses: History 13, 123, 213, 23-A, 23-B, 46, 412, 422, 43-B. 3 Math. 13, 23, and 48 are required for the degree of B.S. in Science. Pre-Medical students may substitute an elective for Math. 48. Students majoring in Business Ad- ministration and Economics are required to take Math. 13 and 23 or 113 and 123. 4 Biology 18, Chemistry 18, and Physics 18 are required of candidates for the B.S. degree with a major in Science. Others may elect one of the three. 40 Arrangement of Courses by Years All the courses included in the foregoing list will ordinarily be taken in fixed years of the college course. A maximum load of 17 hours a week, exclusive of physical education, is permitted for the regular tuition. A load of 16 or 17 hours, including physical educa- tion, should be taken each semester to meet the total of 130 hours required for graduation. The normal distribution of requirements for students seeking the A.B. or B.S. Degree follows : First Year A.B. English 16 Foreign Language (See p. 40, n. 1) Bible 14 Elect from the following : Foreign Language, History, Mathematics, Science (See p. 40, n. 4) Hygiene 11, Orientation 11 Physical Education B.S. (with Major in Science) English 16 Foreign Language (See p. 40, n. 1) Mathematics 13, 23 or 36 Bible 14 Biology 18 or Chemistry 18 or Physics 18 Hygiene 11, Orientation 11 Physical Education Second Year A.B. English 26 Foreign Language (See p. 40, n. 1) Psychology 13 Science, if not taken the first year (See p. 40, n. 4) Physical Education Electives B.S. (with Major in Science) English 26 Mathematics 48 (See p. 40, n. 3) Psychology 13 Science: the remaining two of Biol. 18, Chem. 18, Physics 18, (See p. 40, n. 4) Physical Education 41 Hours a week 1st Sem. 2d Sem. 3 3 3 3 2 2 6 or 7 6 or 7 1 1 1 1 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 2 4 4 1 1 1 1 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 1 1 3 3 4 4 3 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE Third and Fourth Years A.B. and B.S. (with Major in Science) Hours a week 1st Sem. 2d Sem. Bible 82 2 Philosophy 32 2 History, if not taken before (See p. 40, n. 2) . . 3 3 One of the following : Economics 16, Phil. 23-A and 23-B, Pol. Sc. 16, Soc. 13 and 23 3 3 Electives The above arrangement of courses is that followed under normal circumstances. THE ACCELERATED PROGRAM In conformity with the demands of war times the College has made it possible for students to accelerate their work and complete their four-years course in three calendar years or less. This can be accomplished by attending the twelve-weeks Summer School and by carrying the maximum number of hours permitted during the First and Second Semesters of each year. Those pursuing the Ac- celerated Program will take the courses outlined above, but the order in which they are taken will be adjusted as circumstances demand. Special consideration will be given to veterans under the "G. I." Bill, enabling them to accelerate as rapidly as is compatible with sound educational practice and their own essential interests. Degrees will be conferred on three separate occasions each year, in May, August, and January. 42 Courses of Instruction The credit, in semester hours, received on the successful comple- tion of a course is indicated by the last digit in the course number. The number of hour periods the class meets each week is noted im- mediately after the number and name of the course. Students beginning the study of a language should note that no 06 course will receive college credit unless it is followed by a second year, i. e., by a 16 course, in the same field. ASTRONOMY Professor Grimm 13. General Astronomy. Three hours. First Semester. Open to Juniors and Seniors. A course in descriptive astronomy. Reports on assigned readings. Im- portant constellations and star groups are studied. A fine four-and-a-half-inch achromatic telescope adds to the interest of the subject. BIBLE AND RELIGION Professors Richie and Shettel* In times of great national crisis it is the duty and task of religion to develop and promote the moral and spiritual life of the college and nation. This department aims to increase the appreciation of the religious influence of ancient leaders and to evaluate the power and worth of Biblical customs, thoughts, and patterns in modern life. The general student body as well as ministerial students are encouraged to pursue advanced studies and apply the principles of Christianity to the solution of individual, national, and world prob- lems. Major: Bible 14, 82, Philosophy 52, Psychology 102, and fourteen ad- ditional semester hours. Minor: Bible 14, 22, 32, 82, and eight additional semester hours. 14. Introduction to English Bible. Professor Richie Two hours. Throughout the year. Required of all college freshmen. An appreciative and historical survey of the literature of the Old and New Testaments. 22. Life and Epistles of Paul. Professor Richie Two hours. Second semester. The life and epistles of Paul, and the practices, problems, and beliefs of the early church. * On leave of absence in the armed service. 43 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 32. The Prophets. Professor Richie Two hours. First semester. A study of the lives of the major and minor prophets, and an analysis of their contributions to the ethical and religious thought of the Old Testament. 42. The Christian Church. Professor Richie Two hours. First semester. Offered 1945-1946. A study of the growth of Christianity beyond the primitive church, with special emphasis on the origin and growth of denominations. 62. Principles of Religious Education. Professor Richie Two hours. First semester. A fundamental course investigating some of the theories, principles, and problems of Religious Education. 72. The Church School. Professor Richie Two hours. Second semester. A study of the principles, problems, and methods in the organization and administration of the Sunday School, Church Vacation School, and Week Day School of Religion. 112. Biblical Archaeology. Professor Richie Two hours. Second semester. Offered 1945-1946. The course reviews the findings of the explorer, excavator, and scholar in the field of Archaeology, and attempts to evaluate their contribution and illumination of Bible facts and teachings. Psychology of Religion. See Psychology 102. 52. The History and Religion of the Hebrews. Tzvo hours. First semester. Offered yearly. The purpose of this course is to furnish the student with a true per- spective of the religious growth of the Hebrews during the period of the Old Testament. 82. The Teaching of Jesus. Two hours. First semester. Offered yearly. Required of all college seniors. This course attempts an intensive study of the religious concepts of Jesus as set forth in the Gospels. 102. The History of Religion. Two hours. Second semester. Open to juniors and seniors. This course is intended to provide the student with the facts concerning the rise and development of religion in general. The historical view is followed throughout. 44 CATALOGUE BIOLOGY Professor Derickson, Associate Professor Light, and Assistants The work outlined in the following courses in Biology is intended to acquaint students with those fundamental facts necessary for the proper interpretation of the phenomena manifested by the living things with which they are surrounded, and to lay a broad founda- tion for specialization in universities in professional courses in Biology. Those completing the courses will be well prepared for the work in medical schools, schools for medical technologists, hospital schools for training of nurses, for graduate work in colleges and universities, for teaching the biological sciences in high schools, and for assist- antships in university and experiment station laboratories in the de- partments of agriculture and the United States Biological Survey. For outline of complete Pre-Medical Course, Pre-Medical Tech- nology Course, and Pre-Nursing Course, see pp. 81-83. Major: Biology 18 and any additional courses of higher number, in- cluding laboratory work, in the department, amounting to twenty-four semester hours. Minor: Biology 18 and ten semester hours from courses of higher number in the department. Those preparing to teach Biology should take Biology 18-A, 28, 38, and as many additional courses as their elective hours will permit. 18-A. General Biology (Professional). Associate Professor Light Four hours. Throughout the year. Laboratory work Tuesday afternoon. Three hours class work and four hours laboratory work each week. Required of freshmen majoring in Biology preparing to enter medical schools or other lines of professional biological work. 18-B. General Biology (Cultural). Associate Professor Light Four hours. Throughout the year. Laboratory work Wednesday afternoon. Three hours class work and three hours laboratory work each week. 28. Botany. Professor Derickson Four hours. Throughout the year. Offered 1946—1947. Three class periods and four hours field and laboratory work each week. The object of the course is to give the student a general knowledge of the plant kingdom. One or more types of each of the classes of algae, fungae, liverworts, mosses, ferns, and seed plants are studied. Special attention is given to the phylogeny and ontogeny of the several groups, and constant comparisons are made of those structures indicating relationships. The principles of classification are learned by the identi- fication of about one hundred and fifty species of plants represented in the local spring flora. These studies are conducted in the field so that the plants are seen as dynamic forces adapted to their environment. 45 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 38. Zoology. Professor Derickson Four hours. Throughout the year. Offered 1945—1946. Three lectures or recitations and two laboratory periods of two hours each, per week. The course is intended to acquaint the student with the structure, life history, and behavior of representatives of each phylum of animals. In the study of types, structure, function, and adaptation are given equal empha- sis. The principles of phylogeny and ontogeny are considered. The laboratory and class work is supplemented by field studies includ- ing observations of habits, ecological conditions, and the use of keys for identification and classification. 48. Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy. Professor Derickson Four hours. Throughout the year. Offered 1946—1947. Six hours laboratory work and two hours of conference and demonstra- tion each week. The course consists of the dissection and study of amphioxus, the lamprey, the spiny dogfish, the haddock skull, and the cat. Carefully labeled drawings are required of each student as a record of each dis- section. Recommended to those preparing for medicine, medical technology, or nursing and for those majoring in Biology. 54-A. Vertebrate Embryology. Professor Derickson Four hours. First semester. Offered 1945—1946. Two class periods and six hours laboratory work each week. A detailed study of the development of the frog up to 10 m.m. and the chick up to the fifth day with comparisons with other vertebrate embryos. Recommended to those preparing for medicine, medical technology, or nursing and for those majoring in Biology. 54-B. Vertebrate Histology. Professor Derickson Four hours. Second semester. Offered 1945—1946. Two class periods and six hours laboratory work each week. A study of the structure of the tissues of the vertebrate, especially of the mammalian body, and of various methods of technique employed. Recommended to those preparing for medicine, medical technology, or nursing and for those majoring in Biology. 64. Genetics. Associate Professor Light Four hours. First semester. Offered 1946— 1947 . Two class periods and four hours laboratory work each week. This course deals with the mechanism and laws of heredity and varia- tion, and their practical applications. 74. Biological Problems. Professor Derickson Credit hours and time adjusted to the problem assigned. Laboratory work with conferences. This course is open to a limited number of students majoring in Biology who have made a distinguished record in their previous courses. It con- sists in working out problems assigned to them involving a practical 46 CATALOGUE application of various methods of technique, originality of method and interpretation, and the development of the spirit of research. A weekly conference and report on the progress of the work will be required, and a detailed report including complete records of the work done must be presented before semester examinations. 84. Bacteriology. Associate Professor Light Four hours. First semester. Offered 1945—1946. Two class periods and four hours laboratory work each week. This course is designed to acquaint the student with various forms of bacteria and their role in nature. It includes laboratory technique in culti- vation, sterilization, isolation of pure cultures, and staining of bacteria. Required of those preparing for medical technology or nursing. 94. Physiology. Associate Professor Light Four hours. Second semester. Offered 1945-1946. Two class periods and four hours laboratory work each week. A course of instruction in general physiology dealing with the tissues of the body and especially their function in respiration, digestion, circula- tion, excretion, and reproduction. Required of those preparing for nursing. Methods of Teaching in Biology (Education 404). Associate Professor Light Four hours. Offered in Summer session. This course is designed to acquaint students of the sciences with meth- ods of obtaining, preparing, and preserving all types of scientific mate- rials ; the making of charts and models ; photography ; lantern slide making ; the fundamentals of taxidermy ; various types of tests and de- vices used in teaching ; sources of equipment ; and lists of books and periodicals useful to science students and teachers. BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION AND ECONOMICS Professor Stokes The department aims to give students majoring in Business Ad- ministration and Economics a thorough training in the essential principles of business and economics and at the same time to offer sufficient electives to provide students preparing for a business career, the teaching profession, law schools or graduate schools, with a general cultural education. For an outline of the complete course in Business Administration see p. 79. Minor: Accounting 36 and twelve hours of electives to be selected from the following courses : Economic Geography, Transportation, Money and Banking, Marketing, Public Finance, Statistics, Corporation Finance, Investments, Labor Problems, Contemporary Economic Problems, Eco- nomic History of Europe, Business Law, History of, Economic Thought. Economics 16 is a prerequisite. With the exception of Economics 16, the courses are offered in alter- nate years. 47 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 14. Economic Geography. Two hours. Throughout the year. The course deals with : the field and function of Economic Geography ; distribution of population ; the earth ; land forms ; influence of soils ; tem- perature ; winds and ocean currents ; climates of the world. Much of the course will deal with the more important commodities of the world's trade — their production, export, and import in the various countries of the world. Stress will be laid on the chief sources of raw materials and their industrial uses and the marketing and transportation problems con- nected therewith. Books recommended : Introductory Economic Geography by Klimm, Starkey, & Hall ; Economic Resources and Industries of the World by Lippincott ; World Resources and Industries by Zimmerman ; Economic Geography by Colby and Foster; Economic Geography by Carter and Dodge ; Strategic Minerals in Hemisphere Defense by Hessel, Murphy and Hessel. 36. Principles of Accounting. Three hours. Throughout the year. A course in accounting principles and their application in business to sole traders, partnerships, and corporations ; books of original entry ; operating accounts and balance sheets ; the preparation of financial state- ments ; columnar books ; controlling accounts ; elements of corporation accounting; branch house accounting; business papers. 53- A. Transportation: Railroad. Three hours. One semester. Railroad services ; principles of rate making as established by the rail- ways, the regulative tribunals, and the courts ; Government regulation oi railroads ; the agencies of control ; railroad competition and its control ; the transportation problem. 53-B. Transportation: Motor, Air, and Water. Three hours. One semester. Principles of motor transportation; competition and cooperation with railroads; regulation of motor transportation; coordination of highway transportation ; air transportation ; inland water transportation and its relation to rail and highway transportation ; Government aid and regu- lation of water transportation. 73. Marketing. Three hours. One semester. The course deals with the methods and policies of the marketing of agricultural products and the merchandising of manufactured commodi- ties ; meaning and importance of marketing distribution ; marketing func- tions ; trade channels ; development of marketing methods ; co-operative marketing ; price policies ; trade information ; market analysis ; merchan- dising costs and prices ; an analysis of the merits and defects of the existing distributive organization. 93. Public Finance and Administration. Three hours. One semester. Economic functions of the state ; federal and state expenditures ; eco- 48 CATALOGUE nomic and social aspects of public spending ; budgetary control ; nature of taxation and distribution of the tax burden; the shifting and incidence of taxes ; the general property tax ; estate and inheritance taxation ; sales taxes ; personal and corporate income taxes ; the excess profits tax ; social security taxes ; other taxes and administrative revenues ; problems of the tax system; public debts and their redemption. Books recommended: Buehler, Public Finance; Lutz, Public Finance; Hunter and Allen, Prin- ciples of Public Finance; Prentice-Hall, Federal Tax Course. 103. Statistics. Three hours. One semester. General introduction to the use of statistics ; methods of collection ; tab- ulation and graphic presentation ; analysis and interpretation ; application to the study of business cycles, population, and other problems ; a survey of some of the principal sources of statistical information. 123. Industrial Organization and Management. Three hours. One semester. A study of the fundamentals of business organization and administra- tion ; the field of business administration ; plant location ; the administra- tion of personnel ; market problems ; finance ; production ; risk-bearing ; wage systems ; welfare activities. 143. Corporation Finance. Three hours. One semester. Economic services of corporations ; capitalization ; detailed study of stocks and bonds ; financing of extensions and improvements ; manage- ment of incomes and reserves ; dividend policy ; insolvency ; receiverships ; reorganizations. Books recommended: Gerstenberg, Financial Organiza- tion and Management; Bonneville and Dewey, Organising and Financing Business; Mead, Corporation Finance; Gerstenberg, Materials of Corpo- ration Finance; Dewing, Corporate Promotions and Reorganisations ; Buchanan, The Economics of Corporate Enterprise. 153. Investments. Three hours. One semester. The course deals with the development and place of investment in the field of business and its relation to other economic, legal, and social in- stitutions. The fundamental principles are presented along with a descrip- tion of investment machinery. An analysis is made of the various classes of investments. Books recommended : Sakolski, Principles of Investment ; Lyon, Investment ; Jordan, Investments ; Badger and Guthmann, Invest- ment Principles and Practices; Dewing, Financial Policy of Corporations. 163. Labor Problems. Three hours. One semester. The nature of the labor problem ; the rise of industry and labor ; the new technology and the wage earner; unemployment; the problem of child and woman labor ; hours of labor ; industrial accidents ; unemploy- ment insurance ; old age pensions ; the labor movement ; economic pro- 49 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE gram of organized labor ; industrial conflict ; agencies of industrial peace ; modern industrial policies ; international control of labor relations. ECONOMICS 16. Economic Theory. Three hours. Throughout the year. A course dealing with the principles of economics. Books recom- mended: Adam Smith, Wealth of Nations; Marshall, Principles of Economics and Industry and Trade; Fisher, Elementary Economics; Taussig, Principles of Economics; Fairchild, Furniss, and Buck, Elemen- tary Economics ; Bye, Principles of Economics; Gemmill and Blodgett, Economics, Principles and Problems', Garver and Hansen, Principles of Economics; Mitchell, Business Cycles. 33. Money and Banking. Three hours. One semester. This course deals with : the nature and functions of money ; monetary standards and systems ; monetary development in the United States ; the National banking system ; the structure and functions of the Federal Re- serve System; commercial banking; credit and its uses; credit control; monetary policy and the business cycle ; central banks ; investment bank- ing ; savings banks ; consumptive credit institutions ; agricultural credit ; post-war monetary problems. 43. History of Economic Thought. Three hours. One semester. A course dealing with the evolution of economic thought through the principal schools from the Physiocrats to the present, giving special at- tention to the analysis of current theories of value, interest, rent, and wages. Books recommended : Adam Smith, Wealth of Nations; Malthus, Essay on Population; Ricardo, Principles of Political Economy; J. S. Mill, Principles of Political Economy; Marx, Capital; Bohm-Bawerk, Capital and Interest, and The Positive Theory of Capital; Gide and Rist, History of Economic Doctrines; Haney, History of Economic Thought; Homan, Contemporary Economic Thought; Gray, The Development of Economic Doctrines; Roll, A History of Economic Thought. This course is open to all students who have had Economics 16. 63. Economics of Consumption. Three hours. One semester. The study of economics is approached from the consumer viewpoint. The course includes a study of : the role of the consumer in economic life ; consumers' choices ; forces back of consumer demand ; consumer educa- tion ; budgeting ; co-operative buying ; reasons for high costs ; producer aids to consumer ; standards for consumers ; government aids to consumers. 73. Contemporary Economic Problems. Three hours. One semester. This course is for Junior and Senior students who have had the course in Economic Theory. The course will be conducted largely through semi- 50 CATALOGUE nar discussions, readings and papers on current economic problems. The course is designed to enable the student to apply the principles of Eco- nomic Theory toward the solution of current problems and to develop the power of critical analysis. Economic Services and Periodicals Students of the department are expected to make liberal use of the following economic services and periodicals which have been placed in the College Library : Barrons, The Wall Street Journal, The Finan- cial and Commercial Chronicle, Harvard Business Review, Review of Economic Statistics, Survey of Current Business, Business Week, Maga- zine of Wall Street, Magazine of Business, Labor Review, Social Science, Printer's Ink, Commerce Reports, Federal Reserve Bulletin, The Ameri- can Economic Review, Forbes, The Annals of The American Academy of Political and Social Science. CHEMISTRY Professor Bender and Associate Professor The department aims to give to students majoring in chemistry such training in the principles and technique of chemistry as will enable them to find employment in the chemical industry or to pursue to advantage the subject further in graduate schools. Pre-medical students will find the courses outlined below meet the chemistry requirements of the best medical schools. For outline of complete Pre-Medical Course, see p. 81. For outline of course leading to the degree of B.S. in Chemistry, see p. 80. Major: Chemistry 18, 24, 34, 48, and 58. Minor: Chemistry 18 and an}<- additional twelve hours in analytical or organic chemistry. Pre-Medical students majoring in chemistry may substitute courses in other departments for Chemistry 58. 18. General Inorganic Chemistry. Four hours. Throughout the year. Three hours of class work and three hours of laboratory work per week. A systematic study of fundamental principles and of the sources, prop- erties, and uses of the important elements and compounds. The lectures are illustrated by displays, demonstration experiments, and moving pic- tures. In the laboratory the student acquires first-hand acquaintance with numerous representative substances and methods. 24. Qualitative Analysis. Four hours. First semester. Three hours of class work and a minimum of six hours of laboratory work each week. 51 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE The theory and principles of analytical chemistry are studied. The course includes a study of the methods for systematically separating and identifying all of the common metals and acid radicals. The solution of a number of problems involving solubility product, hydrolysis, equilibria, and oxidation-reduction is required. The laboratory work includes the analysis of about twenty solutions and solids varying in complexity from simple salts to complex insoluble mixtures. 34. Quantitative Analysis. Four hours. Second semester. Two hours of class work and a minimum of eight hours of laboratory work each week. This course with Chemistry 24 is designed to give in one year an ade- quate foundation in analytical chemistry. The classroom work includes a study of the principles of gravimetric and volumetric analysis including solubility, equilibria, and the principles involved in electrolytic separations. The laboratory work includes simple introductory determinations, acidim- etry, alkalimetry, mixed alkalis, partial analysis of copper and iron ores and phosphate rock, analysis of coal, limestone, an alloy, steel, a silica determination and an electrolytic determination. Certain substitutions such as protein nitrogen determination may be made by pre-medical students. Becker chainomatic balances are used. 48. Organic Chemistry. Four hours. Throughout the year. Three hours of class work and a minimum of five hours of laboratory work each week. The course includes a study of the sources, classification and type reactions of organic materials : foodstuffs and their relation to nutrition, dyes, pharmaceuticals, explosives, plastics, manufacturing pro- cesses. Emphasis is placed on the relation between this branch of chem- istry and the other sciences, especially biology, and its influence on the progress of civilization. The laboratory work consists of about sixty experiments covering the preparation of a wide range of representative compounds. 84. Advanced Quantitative Analysis. Four hours. First semester. Two hours of lectures and discussions and eight hours of laboratory work each week. An extension of Chemistry 34. In the classroom con- sideration is given to the application of physio-chemical principles to analytical procedures, the use of organic reagents in quantitative work and to special procedures. The laboratory work includes the complete analysis of a silicate rock containing alkalis, commercial products such as alloy steels, glass, ores, gases, and organic combustions for carbon and hydrogen. 94. Organic Analysis. Four hours. Second semester. Three lectures and recitations and a minimum of four hours of laboratory work each week. The course deals with the principles of elementary 52 CATALOGUE qualitative organic analysis. The laboratory work includes the identifica- tion of compounds representative of all of the chief classes of organic materials, and the separation of mixtures with identification of constituents by the preparation of confirming derivatives. 58. Physical Chemistry. Four hours. Throughout the year. Offered 1946—1947. Prerequisites : Chemistry 24 and 34 and prerequisite or parallel courses ; Chemistry 48 and Mathematics 48. Three lectures and one afternoon of laboratory work each week. Among the topics studied are: gases, liquids, solids, association and dissociation, thermodynamics, chemical and physical equilibrium, the relation between chemical activity and electro-motive force, radio-activity. The solution of fifteen to twenty problems weekly is an important part of the course. The laboratory work includes determinations of molecular weights, viscos- ity, surface tension, solubility, electro-motive force, conductivity, equi- libria, etc. 63. Mineralogy. Three hours. First semester. Offered 1945-1946. A study of minerals introduced by the study of crystallography. The main purpose of the course is to acquaint the student with all of the im- portant minerals and rocks and to interpret their geological history by their location with reference to other minerals. The laboratory work consists of blowpipe work and the usual field and laboratory tests by which one may identify all except very rare minerals. The student is required to identify about 'one hundred minerals at sight. Individual collections are required. The Chemistry Department has over five thousand labeled specimens of high quality representing every branch of Mineralogy. The collection of crystals represents every important type of crystal form, the garnets, felspars, and spinels being especially well represented. 73. Metallurgy — Metallography. Three hours. Second semester. Offered 1945-1946. A study of mining methods, ore dressing, and the various metallurgical processes by which all of the metals are won from their ores. The labora- tory work consists of the grinding, polishing and etching of specimens of metals and ferrous and non-ferrous alloys for the study of micro structure. Standard equipment is provided. Visits are made to nearby steel plants and foundries. 102. Advanced Organic Chemistry. Two to four hours. Throughout the year. Two lectures per week. A survey based on Gilman's Organic Chemistry, Vols. I and II, and current literature. The laboratory work consists of preparations based on Organic Syntheses, Vols. I and II. Emphasis is placed on recent trends in this field and on laboratory technique. ECONOMICS See Business Administration and Economics. 53 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE EDUCATION Professors Stine and Bailey The major aim of this department is to provide professional courses for those who desire to teach in junior or senior high schools. And in view of the fact that education is one of the most important con- cerns of society, a minor aim of the department is to acquaint college men and women with the varied problems of education and thus help give society intellectual leadership. For statement of requirements for those planning to enter the teaching profession, see pp. 84-86. Major: The courses required for teacher certification in Pennsyl- vania; nine additional semester hours in Education; Psychology 43. 13. History of Education. Three hours. First semester. An analysis of the history of education from the time of early Greek education to the present day. Special attention will be given to the aims, content, organization, and results of the educational systems of various countries, as well as to the great leaders of educational thought. 23. History of Education in the United States. Professor Stine Three hours. Second semester. The development of education in the United States in relation to social and economic changes from colonial times to the present, including de- tailed study of developments in Pennsylvania. 33. Secondary Education. Three hours. Second semester. The evolution of the secondary school in the United States ; secondary education in other countries ; current problems and trends in secondary education. 72. Philosophy of Education. Professor Stine Two hours. First semester. Open to juniors and seniors. This course aims to supply a basis for constructive thinking in the field of education. Various theories in education will be considered. 82. Educational Measurements. Professor Stine Two hours. First semester. Preparation for testing by the classroom teacher is offered through studying principles of validity and reliability, appraising and constructing tests, and considering the use of results. Prerequisites : Psychology 13, 23. Laboratory fee of one dollar. May be taken for three semester hours credit. 54 CATALOGUE 93. The Junior High School. Three hours. Second semester. The development of the junior high school; its function in the American public school system. 123. Introduction to Education. Professor Stine Three hours. First semester. An introduction to the field of education through the study of the American educational system, the place of the school in society, the train- ing and function of the teacher. 132. Principles and Techniques of Secondary School Teaching. Two hours. Second semester. Professor Stine A study of principles, practices, and methods with their significance to secondary school teaching. May be taken for three hours credit. 136. Student Teaching. Professor Stine Three hours. Throughout the year. Open to seniors only except by permission of the Head of the Department. This course is designed to meet the following Pennsylvania certification requirement : The minimum in student teaching is based on not less than one hundred eighty clock hours of actual teaching under approved supervision, including the necessary observation, participation, and conference. Work in the course will be planned to meet the needs of the individual student. Students having an average of less than C during their first three years in college will not be admitted. A laboratory fee of $17.50 per semester is charged. 182. School Hygiene. Professor Bailey Two hours. Second semester. This course will deal with the place and scope of hygiene as it applies to education. Special problems relating to the development of the child, health defects, sanitation, hygiene of instruction, etc., will receive atten- tion. 332. Special Methods. Two or three hours. Second semester. Open only to seniors. Under the direction of the appropriate subject matter departments and the Department of Education. 404. Methods of Teaching in Biology. Associate Professor Light Four hours. Second semester. This course is designed to acquaint students of the sciences with meth- ods of obtaining, preparing, and preserving all types of scientific mate- rials ; the making of charts and models ; photography ; lantern slide making; the fundamentals of taxidermy; various types of tests and devices used in teaching; sources of equipment; and lists of books and periodicals useful to science students and teachers. 55 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE Educational Psychology (Psychology 23). Professor Bailey Three hours. Second semester. A psychological study of the nature of the learner and the nature of the learning process. It includes such topics as individual differences, motivation, emotion, and transfer of training. Prerequisite : Psychology 14. 202. Visual and Sensory Techniques. Professor Stine Two hours. Second semester. Psychological bases for sensory aids ; study and appraisal of various aids ; use of apparatus ; sources of equipment and supplies. Laboratory fee of four dollars. May be taken for three semester hours credit. ENGLISH Professor Wallace, Associate Professor Struble, Professor Stine The prime purpose of the English curriculum is to afford stu- dents a vital contact, through intelligent study of the greatest writers in English, with the foundations of our culture and civiliza- tion. We must be free or die, who speak the tongue That Shakespeare spake; the faith and morals hold Which Milton held. A secondary aim of the Department of English is to assist stu- dents to write and speak with accuracy and effectiveness. While the courses outlined below are designed to provide the essential background for high-school teaching and graduate study, Arnold Bennett's description of literature as "a means of life" indicates the main objective of this part of the college curriculum: to help students to a livelier awareness of the world they live in, and to a better understanding of its meaning. Major: English 16, 26, and eighteen additional semester hours, which shall include courses in Elizabethan and Nineteenth Century literature. Minor: English 16, 26, and six hours of electives. Those preparing to teach English should take English 16, 26, 33, 63-B, 152, 522- A. English 16 or its equivalent is prerequisite to all other courses in Eng- lish. 16. English Composition. Associate Professor Struble Three hours. Throughout the year. Required of all college freshmen. Students who have done particularly well in the first semester of this course, will be permitted, on the recommendation of the instructor, to take Advanced Composition as a substitute for the second semester of English 16. 56 CATALOGUE 26. The History of English Literature. Professor Wallace Three hours. Throughout the year. Required of college sophomores. A study of changing moods and evolving ideals from the time of Beowulf to that of the Second World War. 33. Public Speaking. Professor Stine Three hours. First or second semester. Required of all prospective teachers. Not open to freshmen. 42. Eighteenth Century Literature. Professor Wallace Two hours. First semester. A rapid survey of the principal English authors between 1660 and 1800. 52. Nineteenth Century Prose. Professor Wallace Two hours. Second semester. Special attention will be paid to the work of Ruskin, Carlyle, and Arnold, each of whom foresaw, tried to avert, and proposed a possible way out of, such a catastrophe as that into which the world is now plunged. 63-A. The Development of the Drama to Shakespeare. Three hours. First semester. Professor Wallace A survey of the drama from ancient Greece to Elizabethan England; a rapid reading of plays by Lyly, Marlowe, Greene, Kyd, Dekker, Jonson ; a study of Shakespeare's historical plays, with special attention to Richard II and Henry IV. 63-B. Shakespeare. Professor Wallace Three hours. Second semester. A study of the comedies and tragedies. 82. The Novel. Professor Wallace Two hours. Second semester. Offered 1946-1947. A study of the development of the novel in England and America. 132. Contemporary Drama. Associate Professor Struble Two hours. First semester. Offered 1945-1946. A survey of American and British drama since 1890. 152. History of the English Language. Associate Professor Struble Two hours. First semester. Historical study of English sounds, inflections, and vocabulary. Stand- ards of correctness ; current usage. Recommended especially for prospec- tive teachers of English composition. 162. Chaucer. Associate Professor Struble Two hours. Second semester. Offered 1946—1947. 172. Advanced Composition. Associate Professor Struble Two hours. Second semester. 512. Poetry of the Romantic Revolt. Professor Wallace Two hours. First semester. Open to juniors and seniors. A study of early nineteenth century poetry, with special attention to 57 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE five poets who "served human liberty" : Wordsworth, Coleridge, Byron, Shelley, Keats. 522- A. American Literature: From the Beginnings to the Civil War. Associate Professor Struble Two hours. First semester. An attempt, through the study of native authors, to see in perspective the evolving American mind ; to observe how Puritanism, the Cavalier spirit, and the Romantic Movement have contributed to making us what we are; and to understand the spiritual resources of which we are the heirs. 522-B. American Literature: From the Civil War to the Present Day. Associate Professor Struble Two hours. Second semester. 542. Recent British and American Poetry. Professor Wallace Two hours. Second semester. An exploration, on the one hand, of the aesthetic movements of the past generation, and, on the other, of the recent reawakening among poets to the fact that they are "the unacknowledged legislators of the world." 552. Biography. Professor Wallace Two hours. Second semester. Offered 1945-1946. A study of the development of biographical writing in England and America. 562. Seventeenth Century Literature. Associate Professor Struble Two hours. Second semester. Offered 1945—1946. Chief intellectual currents in England from the death of Elizabeth to the Restoration, with passing references to the importance of seventeenth century English thought, particularly Puritanism, to the beginnings of American literature. Critical study of the artistic products of the period, with special emphasis on Milton. Methods of Teaching English. See Education 332. FRENCH Professor Stevenson The aim of this department is twofold : first, to give an accurate and practical knowledge of the French language, which will equip the student for teaching French in the secondary schools ; and, second, to develop an appreciation of the French spirit, as expressed in lit- erature, and an understanding of the main literary movements of France, which will be of value in any field of literary activity. Major: Courses 16, 26, 36, and 46 or 56. Minor: Courses 16, 26, and 6 additional hours of advanced work. Those preparing to teach French should take French 16, 26, and six additional hours of advanced work. 58 CATALOGUE For entrance to French 16, the preparatory course 06 or its equivalent (two years of high-school French) will be required. French 26 is a pre- requisite for entrance to 36 or 46. 06. Elementary French. Three hours. Throughout the year. This course is intended for those who begin French in college. Its aim is to enable the student to write simple French sentences, to carry on a conversation in easy French, and to read French of ordinary difficulty. College credit of six semester hours will be granted for this course if followed by French 16, but it cannot be counted toward a major. 16. First Year College French. Three hours. Throughout the year. This is a continuation and extension of course 06, and includes further drill in the principles of grammar, practice in conversation, composition, and dictation, and more extensive reading. Candidates for this course are required to take the French Placement Test during Freshman Week, to determine the suitability of their prep- aration. 26. French Literature of XVI and XVII Centuries. Three hours. Throughout the year. A survey of French literary history from the Renaissance to the end of the period of absolute Classicism. Composition and conversation. 36. French Literature of the XVIII and XIX Centuries. Three hours. Throughout the year. A continuation of the preceding survey, beginning with the Quarrel of the Ancients and Moderns. Composition and conversation. Course 26 is prerequisite to this course. 46. The French Novel. Three hours. Throughout the year. A study of the development of this genre in France, special attention being given to the later XIX Century and contemporary novels. Compo- sition and conversation. Courses 26 and 36 are prerequisite to this course. 56. French Drama. Three hours. Throughout the year. A study of the evolution of the drama in France with extensive reading of XVII, XVIII, and XIX Century plays. Composition and conversation. Courses 26 and 36 are prerequisite to this course. Methods of Teaching French. See Education 332. GERMAN Professor Lietzau The immediate aim of this department is to give a thorough prep- aration in German : that is, a ready and accurate reading knowledge 59 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE of the language, as well as a satisfactory degree of proficiency in written and spoken German. The larger aim is to give a broader survey of the German language, literature, history, and civilization that will fully equal in cultural and informational value any course in English literature. Courses are conducted in German. Major: Twenty-four semester hours, exclusive of German 06. Minor: German 16, 26, and six additional semester hours of advanced work. Correlative : Courses in history, the literature of another language, political science, economics, philosophy, music, or art, furnish a back- ground or basis of comparison for work in German. Those preparing to teach German should take German 16, 26, and six additional hours of advanced work. I. Introduction 06. Elementary German. Three hours. Throughout the year. Intended to give students a reading knowledge of German of average difficulty, and to enable them to understand the spoken language and to express simple ideas idiomatically. College credit of six semester hours will be granted for this course only if followed by German 16. II. Intermediate 16. Modern German Literature. Three hours. Throughout the year. Reading of nineteenth and twentieth century literature combined with a study of geography, history, and art. Grammar and composition. 26. Lessing and Schiller Three hours. Throughout the year. Introduction to the classical period of German literature. Special emphasis on the drama of Lessing and Schiller. III. Advanced 36. The German Drama. Three hours. Throughout the year. Theory and development of the German drama with special em- phasis on the nineteenth century. 46. The German Novel and Short Story. Three hours. Throughout the year. Theory and development of the novel and short story with special emphasis on the nineteenth century. 56. Goethe. Three hours. Throughout the year. A study of Goethe's life, of his lyrics, ballads, dramas, prose works. Prerequisite: German 26. 60 CATALOGUE 76. Scientific German. Three hours. Throughout the year. Translation course for students specializing in science, particularly for students of medicine and chemistry. Not open to major students in German. Methods of Teaching German. See Education 332. GREEK Professor Richie The objectives of courses in classical Greek are to obtain a mastery of the basic elements of the language, to secure facility in reading, and to acquire an appreciation of the civilization of ancient Greece and its contribution to modern institutions. The courses in the New Testament and Patristics are designed to procure efficiency in the handling of the original sources, to acquaint the student with the peculiarities of Koine Greek and with the textual problems, and to prepare for the pursuance of further advanced studies in the seminary and university. Major: Courses 16, 26, and twelve additional hours. Minor: Courses 16, 26, and six additional hours. 16. Elementary Greek. Three hours. Throughout the year. Study of forms and syntax, with easy prose composition. Selections from Xenophon's Anabasis. This course is intended for students who enter college with no Greek. 26. First Year Greek. Three hours. Throughout the year. Xenophon : The Anabasis; selections previously unread. Homer : selec- tions from the Iliad; scansion and epic poetry. Herodotus : selections from several of the books. 33-A. Philosophy. Three hours. First semester. Plato : The Apology of Socrates. Xenophon : Selections from the Mem- orabilia. Lectures on Greek philosophy from Thales to Plato. 33-B. Drama. Three hours. Second semester. Selections will be read from the tragedies of Aeschylus and Sophocles Lectures on the Greek drama and its influence. Prerequisite: Greek 16 and 26. 46. Readings from, the Book of Acts and the General Epistles. Three hours. Throughout the year. Offered 1945—1946. Prerequisite: Greek 16 and 26. 56. The Gospel according to John and Selected Readings. Three hours. Throughout the year. Prerequisite : Greek 16 and 26. 61 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 66. Patristics. Three hours. Throughout the year. Seminar — Open to seniors. The Shepherd of Hermas will be read in the first semester; Justin Martyr during the second semester. 76. The Gospel according to Luke and Selected Readings. Three hours. Throughout the year. Prerequisite : Greek 16 and 26. HISTORY Professors Miller* and Shenk The aim of the Department of History is to help the student ac- quire from his study of the past a truer and more comprehensive view of the world in which he lives. Major: History 13, 123, 213, 223, 23-A, 23-B, 46, and 44-C. Minor: History 13, 46, and nine additional hours. Those preparing to teach history should take History 13, 46, and nine additional hours, six of these to be selected from courses in European History and three from American History. 13. Ancient History Three hours. First semester. The history of the Ancient Orient, Greece, and Rome. Stress will be placed on the cultural contributions of the Ancient World. 123. Medieval History. Three hours. Second semester. Political, social, and cultural ideas of the Middle Ages will be treated through a study of typical institutions such as the manor, guilds, courts, the church, universities, and monarchical institutions. 213. The Renaissance and Reformation. Three hours. First semester. A study of the political, economic, cultural, and religious changes that occurred from the thirteenth to the sixteenth centuries. 223. The French Revolution and Napoleon. Three hours. Second semester. A survey of the conditions in seventeenth and eighteenth century Europe which led to the outbreak of Revolution ; the events of the Revo- lution itself; and the effect of the Revolution upon the rest of Europe. Napoleon and the results of his work. 23-A. Europe from 1815 to 1914. Three hours. First semester. A survey of nineteenth century Europe. On leave of absence in the armed service. 62 CATALOGUE 23-B. Europe from 1914 to the present. Three hours. Second semester. A study of the World War and post-war problems. Emphasis will be placed upon current history. 36. History of England and the British Empire. Three hours. Throughout the year. A survey of the history of England and the Empire from the earliest time to the present. 46. Political and Social History of the United States. Three hours. Throughout the year. A general survey of American history with particular attention to social and cultural trends. 43-B. History of the United States since the Civil War. Three hours, First semester. A study of the economic, political, and diplomatic history of the United States from 1865 to the present time. 403. History of Pennsylvania. Three hours. First semester. Offered 1945—1946. This course will alternate with History 43-B. A study of the political and social history of Pennsylvania with special emphasis on the different types of settlers and on the contribution of the Commonwealth to the history of the nation. 42. American Biography. One hour. Throughout the year. A study of the achievements of American men and women who typify important social and political trends. For the year 1945-1946 the selections will be made from the period from 1800-1861. 44-C. Source Problems in American History. Two hours. Throughout the year. Open only to History majors. A course designed to acquaint the student with the use of source material and the methods of historical research. 64. Economic History of the United States. Two hours. Throughout the year. Offered 1945-1946. This course will alter- nate with History 164. A study of the economic background of American History, including the growth of American agricultural and industrial interests, from colonial beginnings to their present day development. 164. Economic History of Europe. Two hours. Throughout the year. This course will alternate with History 64. The course deals with the economic achievements in Europe from pre- literary times to the present ; economic life in the Mediterranean Basin 63 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE in Classical times ; the foundations of economic life in the Middle Ages ; the Manorial system and agrarian society ; the towns, trade, and industry in the Middle Ages ; the expansion of Europe and the age of discovery ; the Industrial Revolution and the beginnings of modern industry and agriculture ; Capitalism and commercial policies in the early modern peri- od ; revolution in power, transportation and communication ; economic imperialism and the World War; the post-war world. 113. History of Civilization. Three hours. Second semester. A general survey of the whole field of history. Particular attention will be given to economic, social, religious, and cultural development. Re- quired of candidates for the degree of Bachelor of Science in Music Education. 412. The American Revolution and the Period of the Confederation. Two hours. First semester. A study of the movement for Independence in the American Colonies and the establishment of the United States of America. 422. The Expansion of the United States. Two hours. Second semester. A study of the westward movement of the American People. 244. History of Latin America. Two hours. Throughout the year. A survey of the political and cultural development of the Latin Amer- ican Republics. The period of independence, internal development, and relations with the United States will be emphasized. Methods of Teaching History. See Education 332. LATIN Professor Stonecipher The purpose of the Latin Department is two-fold, professional and cultural. Professionally, its design is to give proper training to prospective teachers of the secondary schools and to lay the foundation for the higher professional training of the university. Culturally, it is intended to introduce the student to the field of Latin literature, and through it to those elements of Graeco-Roman culture upon which modern civilization is largely based. Major: Latin 16, 26, 36, 46, 64. Minor: Latin 16, 26, 64. Those preparing to teach Latin should take Latin 16, 26, 64, and two additional hours of advanced work. 64 CATALOGUE 16. Freshman Latin. Three hours. Throughout the year. The reading of Sallust's Catiline, Cicero's De Senectute or De Amicitia, and selections from Pliny's Letters. Study of syntax from text and gram- mar ; Roman life and institutions ; graded exercises in prose composition. 26. Readings from Livy, Horace, and Catullus. Three hours. Throughout the year. Study of syntax, style, and the history of Latin literature. Latin 16 prerequisite. 33-A. Seneca. Three hours. First semester. Selections from the Epistulae Morales; study of style; Roman philo- sophic thought. Latin 26 prerequisite. 33-B. Vergil. Three hours. Second semester. Readings from Books VII-XII of the Aeneid and other works of Vergil. Latin 26 prerequisite. 43-A. Cicero. Three hours. First semester. Selections from his Letters; study of Cicero's life as reflected in his correspondence. Latin 26 prerequisite. 43-B. Mediaeval Latin. Three hours. Second semester. Such readings are selected from this field as to acquaint the student with the development of the Latin language and literature after the clas- sical period. Latin 26 prerequisite. 64. Latin Composition. Two hours. Throughout the year. Graded exercises in prose composition, attention also being given to correct pronunciation and oral expression. Required in majors and minors. Methods of Teaching Latin. See Education 332. MATHEMATICS Professors Black and Grimm Major: Courses 36, 48, 74, 84, 94, and Physics 18. Minor: Courses 36, 48, and any additional four semester hours. A major in Mathematics may lead to either the B.S. or A.B. degree. If the B.S. is desired, the candidate must take the general requirements for that degree (see p. 40), and must select as his minor either Biology, Chemistry, or Physics. If the A.B. is desired, the candidate must take the general require- ments for that degree (see p. 40), and may take his minor in any depart- ment other than those named in the preceding paragraph. 65 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE Those preparing to teach Mathematics should take Mathematics 36, 48, and four additional hours of advanced work. Courses 13 and 23 are not open to upper-classmen without special permission. 13. Advanced Algebra. Three hours. First semester. Covering ratio and proportion, variation, progressions, the binomial theorem, theorem of undetermined coefficients, logarithms, permutations, and combinations, theory of equations, partial fractions, etc. 23. Plane Trigonometry. Three hours. Second semester. Definitions of trigonometric functions, right and oblique triangles, com- putation of distances and heights, development of trigonometric formulae. 25. Plane and Spherical Trigonometry. Five hours. Second semester. This course is designed for those planning to enter the armed services. Emphasis will be placed upon use of tables and computation. Applications will be made to firing problems and navigation. 113. Introduction to the Mathematics of Finance. Three hours. First semester. This course takes up the solution of the quadratic equation, logarithms, progressions, permutations and combinations, and the application of these to financial problems. 123. Mathematics of Finance. Three hours. Second semester. The course seeks to present the mathematical principles and operations used in financial work. A detailed study of compound interest, compound discount, and annuities is undertaken. Application of these principles is then made to practical problems of amortization, sinking funds, deprecia- tion, valuations of bonds, and building and loan associations. 36. Analytic Geometry. Three hours. Throughout the year. The equations of the straight line, circle, ellipse, parabola, and hyper- bola are studied, numerous examples are solved, and as much of the higher plane curves and of the geometry of space is covered as time will permit. Prerequisite: Mathematics 13 and 23 (or 25), or the equivalent. 48. Differential and Integral Calculus. Four hours. Throughout the year. Differentiation of algebraic and transcendental functions, maxima and minima, rates, development into series, etc. Integrations, rectification of curves, quadrature of surfaces, cubature of solids, etc. Prerequisite: Mathematics 36. 66 CATALOGUE 63. Plane Surveying. Three hours. Second semester. A study of the instruments, field work, computing areas, plotting and drafting, leveling, etc. 74. Differential Equations. Two hours. Throughout the year. A course in the elements of differential equations. Prerequisite: Mathematics 48. 84. Analytic Mechanics. Two hours. Throughout the year. Resolution of force, two and three force pieces, center of gravity, ac- celeration, moment of inertia, friction. Prerequisite: Mathematics 48 and Physics 18. 94. Projective Geometry. Two hours. Throughout the year. This course is a synthetic treatment of the elements of projective geometry. A knowledge of elementary analytic geometry is presupposed on the part of the student. Methods of Teaching Mathematics. See Education 332. MUSIC Professors Gillespie, Rutledge, Bender, Carmean Music is recognized as having a proper place in a liberal educa- tion. Three types of participants are necessary to create a concert: composer, performer, listener. The following courses, available to students in the liberal arts, are intended primarily to promote the appreciation of music and furnish the intelligent listener. Minor: Twenty semester hours, of which at least four hours must be in applied music. The selection of courses must be supervised and ap- proved by the Music Department adviser. Courses in applied music will not be credited toward any degree ex- cept the Bachelor of Science in Music, unless they are taken as part of a full minor in music. For courses leading to the degree of Bachelor of Science in Music Education see pages 87-89. The following courses may be taken as electives for credit toward any degree conferred by the college. 112, 122, 132. Sight Reading. Professors Gillespie and Carmean Three hours per week each. Two hours credit each. Beginning with 112, singing simple melodies, simple part singing, and unaltered intervals, the course continues through 122 and 132, becoming increasingly difficult in each phase, culminating in oratorio singing. 67 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 212. Dictation. Professor Bender Three hours per week. Two hours credit. First semester. Dictation of melodies, intervals, and harmonics. 222. Dictation. Professor Bender Three hours per week. Two hours credit. Second semester. Continued dictation of intervals and melodies, with addition of modu- lations and harmonic dictation. 232. Dictation. Professor Bender Three hours per week. Two hours credit. First semester. Addition of chromatic dictation. 313. Harmony. Professor Bender Three hours. First semester. Fundamentals of music notation, both tonal and rhythmic. Beginning written four part harmony, including simple triads. 323. Harmony. Professor Bender Three hours. Second semester. Inversions of simple triads, seventh chord and its inversions. Original work, and study of form and analysis. 332. Harmony. Professor Bender Two hours. First semester. Continued inversions of the seventh chord, chromatic harmony and modulations. Original work. 342. Keyboard Harmony. Professor Bender Two hours. Second semester. Harmonization of melodies and transposition at the piano. 362. Harmony. Professor Rutledge Two hours. Second semester. Original compositions in various vocal and instrumental forms. 372. Harmony: Counterpoint. Professor Bender Two hours. One semester. Elementary work in strict Counterpoint (five species in Two Part and Three Part Counterpoint). 553. History and Appreciation of Music. Professor Gillespie Three hours. First semester. History of music from the beginning of time to the Romantic Period. 563. History and Appreciation. Professor Gillespie Three hours. Second semester. A study of music from the Romantic Period to the present day. 61 and 62. Chorus. Professor Rutledge N.B. No student may receive credit for chorus work more than once. 68 CATALOGUE ORIENTATION 11. Freshman Orientation. One hour. First semester. Required of all college freshmen. Lectures and personal conferences designed to help students meet the problems, social as well as academic, that confront them on entering college. Conducted by various members of the faculty under the chairmanship of Professor Bailey. PHILOSOPHY Professors Shettel,* Stonecipher, and Richie Philosophy concerns itself with spiritual values and the relation of these values to the problems of life. The paramount function of courses in philosophy is to correlate spiritual values with scientific and all other curricular values in so far as they touch the problems of life. Major: Philosophy 02, 12, 23-A, 23-B, 32, 52, 122, 132, 142, Political Science 42, and Psychology 102. Minor: Philosophy 02, 12, 23-A, 23-B, 32, 52, 62. 02. Introduction to Philosophy. Professor Stonecipher Two hours. First semester. This course is intended to introduce beginners to the basic problems and theories of philosophy and quicken them to some appreciation of the role played by philosophy in the whole movement of civilization, while at the same time giving them at least an inkling of the work of the greatest thinkers and arousing in them a desire to go to the sources. 12. Inductive and Deductive Logic. Professor Stonecipher Two hours. Second semester. This course is intended to furnish the student with a knowledge of the laws of correct thinking, the purpose and place of the syllogism in the processes of thinking, and the detection of fallacies in thinking. 23-A. Ancient and Medieval Philosophy. Professor Stonecipher Three hours. First semester. Open to Juniors and Seniors. In this course the aim will be (1) to trace the development of philoso- phy, pointing out what of permanent value each system as it arose contributed toward a final solution of the nature of being, and (2) to show the interaction between philosophic thought and the practical life of the period during which it flourished. 23-B. Modern Philosophy. Professor Stonecipher Three hours. Second semester. Open to juniors and seniors. A continuation of 23-A. 32. Ethics. Professor Richie Two hours. Second semester. Open to juniors and seniors. The aim of this course is to acquaint the student with the academic On leave of absence in the armed service. 69 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE ethical problems, and to effect an awakening and a strengthening of the moral sense. Political Theory. See Political Science 42. 52. Philosophy of Religion. Professor Stonecipher Two hours. Second semester. The purpose of this course is to properly correlate scientific and philosophic truths with religion, to inquire into the validity of religious knowledge, and to seek a philosophical basis for an adequate religious viewpoint 62. Contemporary Philosophy. Two hours. Second semester. Offered yearly. The living philosophers of the various nations are studied. The new problems which have arisen for them, and the old problems in which they continue to be interested, will be considered, as well as their proffered solutions. Psychology of Religion. See Psychology 102. 122. Aesthetics. Two hours. First semester. Open to juniors and seniors. A historical survey of the philosophy of the beautiful, the correlation of the same with the development of the fine arts, and a consideration of fundamental principles of criticism. 132. Philosophy In America. Two hours. Second semester. Open to all students. A critical history of ideas in the United States from the Puritans till today. In this country, as often elsewhere, philosophy has been integral to the general life of the nation. A study of both general and religious views. 142. Epistemology. Two hours. First semester. A consideration of our ways of knowing, and a critical study of the various theories of the method and grounds of knowledge. PHYSICAL EDUCATION Jerome W. Frock,* Director of Physical Education for Men, and Coach ; Esther Henderson, Director of Physical Education for Women The aim of the work in this department is to promote the general physical well being of the students, and to assist them to gain the hygienic, corrective, and educative effect of rightly regulated exer- cise. In order that this object may be better attained, and to assist the director in gaining a definite knowledge of the strength and weak- * On leave of absence in the armed service. 70 CATALOGUE ness of the individual, a careful physical examination and medical inspection is required, which serves as a basis for the work. It is strongly recommended that before entering college each stu- dent undergo a thorough visual examination and be fitted with glasses, if there is a need for them. The Health Laws of the State of Pennsylvania require successful vaccination against smallpox before one may enter private, parochial, or public schools as a student. All first year students are required to attend a course of lectures in Personal and Sex Hygiene. All freshmen and sophomores are required to take two hours of Physical Education a week throughout the year, for which one se- mester hour's credit will be given each semester. 11. Hygiene. One hour. Second semester. Required of all freshmen. This course, through its program adapted to individual needs and abili- ties, aims to help each student to build up sufficient strength and vitality to meet the needs of a normally active life and to appreciate and practice the fundamental health habits. The course consists of lectures, readings, and discussions relative to the maintenance of health. Courses for Women First semester. Two hours. Instruction and practice in such sports and games as hockey, soccer, tennis, table tennis, archery, handball, and in the fundamentals of basket- ball. Second semester. Two hours. Instruction and practice in such sports as basket-ball, volley-ball, bad- minton, baseball, paddle tennis, table tennis, archery, tennis, and quoits. Instruction and practice in folk, national, character, and interpretative dancing. Instruction and practice in games, tumbling, stunts, and natural gymnastics. Hiking — The whole year. Organized hikes for all women who wish to participate. Intramural Sports. Inter-class games are provided in all sports such as hockey, soccer, basketball, volley-ball, indoor baseball, table tennis, and tennis. A short seasonal schedule of games in field hockey, basketball, tennis, table tennis, baseball and archery is arranged to be played with other colleges. An honor team is chosen for these games. Students are required to provide themselves with gymnasium suits. Do not purchase suit until arrival at college. 71 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE Courses for Men 12. For Freshmen. Two hours. Throughout the year. Instruction and practice in such games as handball, volley-ball, basket- ball, soft-ball, wrestling, fencing, and archery. 21-A. For Sophomores. Two hours. First semester. Instruction and practice in such games and sports as touch-ball, kick football, volley-ball, tennis ; and in the fundamentals of boxing, basket- ball, handball, wrestling, fencing, and archery. 21-B. For Sophomores. Two hours. Second semester. Instruction and practice in such games and sports as basketball, boxing, handball, soft-ball, and tennis. Intramural Sports. Inter-class games are provided for dormitory students and day stu- dents. PHYSICS Professor Grimm and Professor Black Major: Physics 16-12, 33-32, 43-53, Mathematics 84, and any eight additional hours. Minor: Physics 16-12 and any ten additional semester hours. 16. General College Physics. Three hours. Throughout the year. Three hours lectures and recitations per week. This course will be a thorough investigation of the fundamental principles of physical science, and is especially intended as a preparation for Physics 2, 3, and 4, and for those interested in the practical applications of physical laws and principles. When accompanied by Physics 12, it meets the minimum re- quirements of those who are candidates for the bachelor's degree in sci- ence and for admission to the Medical Schools. 12, General Physics Laboratory. Two hours. Throughout the year. Laboratory work associated with the subject matter of Physics 16. This course should accompany Physics 16. 23. Mechanics. Three hours. First semester. This course will be a thorough investigation of the mechanics of solids, liquids, gases, and sound. Prerequisite: Physics 16-12. 21. Mechanics Laboratory. Two hours. First semester. Experimental work in precise measurements. Conventional experiments with momentum, rotation, and physical moduli of materials. 72 CATALOGUE 33. Magnetism and Electricity. Three hours. First semester. This course will be a thorough consideration of the laws of the electric and magnetic fields and the power applications of electricity as direct and low frequency alternating currents. 32. Electrical Measurements. Two hours. Throughout the year. Measurements of potential, current, resistance, capacity, and inductance in the field of direct currents and of alternating currents at low and high frequencies. This course should accompany Physics 33 and 63, and may be divided into two parts. 43. Light: Optics and Spectroscopy. Three hours. First semester. This course will be concerned with the nature of light and its trans- mission through various media including reflection, refraction, and dis- persion. Prerequisite: Physics 16-12. 42. Optics Laboratory. Three hours. Throughout the year. Experimental work with reflection, refraction, and dispersion of light. This course should accompany Physics 43 and Physics 53. 53. Modern Physics. Three hours. Second semester. An investigation of the application of physical principles to molecular, atomic, and electronic phenomena. Recent developments in nuclear physics. 63. High Frequency Alternating Currents — Electronics and Radio Three hours. Second semester. The generation of high frequency alternating currents and their appli- cation to radio transmission and its associated equipment. 73. Heat and Thermodynamics. Three hours. Second semester. The theory of heat, kinetic theory of gases, and the laws of thermo- dynamics. POLITICAL SCIENCE AND SOCIOLOGY Professors Shenk, Shettel* and Stine The aim of the department is to prepare students for citizenship by acquainting them with the principles and problems of human associations within the several fields of specialized study. The courses are intended to be utilitarian as well as cultural. Major: Economics 16, Political Science 16, Sociology 16, Political Science 42 and 52, and two hours of approved electives. * On leave of absence in the armed service. 73 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE Minor: Economics 16, Political Science 16, Sociology 16. Those preparing to teach Social Science should take Economics 16, Political Science 16, and Sociology 13, 23. POLITICAL SCIENCE 16. American Government and Politics. Three hours. Throughout the year. A course designed to give the student a working knowledge of the fundamental laws of Federal and State Government. 26. Business Law. Three hours. Throughout the year. A course dealing with the elementary principles of law generally re- lated to the field of business, including Contracts, Agency, Sales, Bail- ments, Insurance, and Negotiable Instruments. 43. Political Theory. Three hours. One semester. A survey of the different philosophies and theories of government, ancient and modern, with special reference to political philosophy since the sixteenth century. 52. Foreign Relations. Two hours. First semester. A study of the history and development of world politics with special emphasis placed upon foreign relations of the United States. 63. Comparative Government. Three hours. Second semester. A comparative study of the most important governmental systems of the world, emphasizing especially the differences between federal and unitary government. Special attention will be given to the governments of the United States, Great Britain, France, Germany, Switzerland, and Russia. 73. Political Parties in the United States. Three hours. Second semester. A study of the history and origins of Political Parties, their organiza- tion, development, and methods of operation, leaders, machines and bosses, campaigns and platforms. 82. American Constitutional Law. Two hours. First semester. A study of the growth and development of the constitution through the medium of judicial construction. Recent decisions illustrating its appli- cation to new conditions of the present age, and proposals for court modification, are given particular attention. Political Science 16 is a pre- requisite. 74 CATALOGUE 114. Law. Two hours. Throughout the year. An orientation course in the general field of law and procedure, touch- ing the following subjects, viz. : Business Associations, Real Property, Liens, Leases, Mortgages, Wills, Workmen's Compensation, Insurance. SOCIOLOGY 13. Principles of Sociology. Three hours. First semester. The course is intended to acquaint the student with the various theories of society together with the place of Sociology in the general field of learning. 23. Modern Social Problems. Three hours. Second semester. This is a study in pathology : the organization and function of public and private welfare and social security agencies, preventive and remedial. Problem Children, Widowhood, Divorce, Desertion and Non-support, Neglected and Abused Children, Illegitimacy, Homeless Men, Old Age, Poverty, Unemployment, Child Labor, Industrial Accidents, Disasters, and Bad Health — are subjects of study and discussion. 32. Criminology. Two hours. Second semester. A study of the causes of crime and the treatment of criminals ; criminal behavior; the police system and the criminal courts; treatment of juvenile offenders ; punishment, probation, parole, and reform. Observation and criticism of social agencies dealing with the crime problem is required. 42. The Family and Its Relation to Society. Two hours. First semester. A study of the family and its social functions, its relation to social institutions, the rights, duties, and interactions of its members, the evolu- tion of social thought concerning it, and its status in the future. Social Psychology. See Psychology 33. PSYCHOLOGY Professors Bailey and Shettel* The courses in this department are designed to develop in the student an insight into the facts and principles of psychology as an aid in controlling his own mental life and in understanding the reactions and points of view of others. The department offers to the student who is interested in social, clinical, and other allied work fundamentals needed for service in these fields. To the student who On leave of absence in the armed service. 75 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE intends to teach psychology or to carry on research in the field, it provides an adequate foundation for graduate work. Major: Psychology 13, 23, 53, 63, and twelve additional hours. Minor: Psychology 13, 23, and twelve additional hours. 13. General Psychology. Three hours. First semester. Not open to freshmen. A beginning course in general psychology. It aims to acquaint the student with the fundamental psychological principles. Lectures, discus- sions, and laboratory demonstrations. 23. Educational Psychology. Three hours. Second semester. A psychological study of the nature of the learner and the nature of the learning process. It includes such topics as individual differences, motivation, emotion, and transfer of training. Prerequisite : Psychology 13. 33. Social Psychology. Three hours. First semester. A study of the psychic aspects of society and of problems involved in group behavior. The course is also concerned with the development of personality in the individual. Prerequisite: Psychology 13. 43. Psychology of Adolescence. Three hours. Second semester. A course designed to give an understanding of the physical, mental, emotional, moral, and social development of the youth. Prerequisite : Psy- chology 13. 53. Applied Psychology. Three hours. First semester. A survey of the applications of psychology to the various fields of hu- man relations. It includes such topics as increase of efficiency, effect of suggestion, improvement of personality, salesmanship, advertising, and the psychology of the public platform. Prerequisite: Psychology 13. 63. Mental Hygiene. Three hours. Second semester. A study of wholesome effective personality adjustments, including the causes and treatment of the more common social and emotional malad- justments among college students. Prerequisite : Psychology 13. 73. Psychology of Childhood. Three hours. Second semester. The psychological development of the child from the beginning of life to adolescence. Emphasis upon learning, language, comprehension, and emotion as these develop genetically in the individual. Prerequisite : Psy- chology 13. 76 CATALOGUE 83. Systematic Psychology. Three hours. Second semester. This course aims to acquaint the student with the different points of view in recent psychology. It includes structuralism, functionalism, be- haviorism, purposive psychology, Gestalt psychology, and psycho-analysis. Prerequisite: two courses in psychology. 93. Abnormal Psychology. Three hours. Second semester. An introduction to the study of abnormal behavior, including such topics as hysteria, multiple personality, hypnosis, analysis of nervous and mental maladjustments, and a study of psychological processes as they occur in the more marked forms of derangement. Prerequisite : Psy- chology 13. 102. Psychology of Religion. Two hours. First semester. The growth of religion in the life of the individual is subject to certain psychological laws. This course seeks to acquaint the student with such laws for use in facilitating religious growth. Prerequisite : Psychology 13. SPANISH Professor Stevenson 06. Elementary Spanish. Three hours. Throughout the year. This course is intended for those who begin Spanish in college. Its aim is to enable students to write simple Spanish sentences, to carry on a conversation in easy Spanish, and to read Spanish of ordinary difficulty. College credit of six semester hours will be granted for this course if followed by Spanish 16. 16. First Year College Spanish. Three hours. Throughout the year. This is a continuation and extension of course 06 and includes further drill in the principles of grammar, practice in conversation, composition, and dictation, and more extensive reading. For entrance to Spanish 16, the preparatory course 06 or its equivalent (two years of high-school Spanish) will be required. 26. Spanish Literature of the Nineteenth Century. Three hours. Throughout the year. Novels and plays will be studied and discussed in class or reported upon. Composition and conversation. 77 Summer School, Extension, and Evening Courses Through summer sessions, extension classes, and evening classes, Lebanon Valley College has for many years enabled teachers, state employees, and others in active employment to attend college courses and secure academic degrees. By a careful selection of courses made in consultation with the heads of departments in the College, a stu- dent can meet the course and residence requirements for a baccalau- reate degree. Students in regular attendance may, by taking summer school courses, meet the requirements for the bachelor's degree in three years. Courses in the following subjects will be offered in the Slimmer School of 1945, and in extension and evening classes in 1945-1946: Bible, Biology, Business Administration, Chemistry, Economics, Education (including Visual Education), English, French, Ger- man, History, Mathematics, Philosophy, Political Science, Psychol- ogy, and Sociology. Extension classes are offered in the Central School Building, Forster Street, Harrisburg, on Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday evenings from 7 :00 to 9 :00 p.m. Evening classes are held at the College in Annville, usually on Friday evening between 6 :30 and 10 :00 p.m. Classes may be held on other evenings if desired. Extension and evening classes begin during the week of September 17, 1945. Summer School opens June 4 and closes August 24, 1945. Students unable to enter on June 4 may enter July 16. For details, write the Director of Summer School, Extension and Evening Courses. 78 Special Plans of Study in Preparation for Professions BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION AND ECONOMICS Adviser: Dr. Stokes Plan of course leading to the degree of B.S. in Economics Hours First Year Credit Hygiene 11, Orientation 11 2 Chemistry 18 or Physics 16 and 12, or Biology 18 8 Economic Geography 14 4 Mathematics 13 and 23, or Mathematics 113 and 123 6 English 16 6 French 16 or German 16 or Spanish 16 (See p. 40, n. 1) .... 6 Physical Education 2 Second Year 34 Bible 14 4 Economics 16 6 Principles of Accounting 36 6 English 26 6 Political Science 16 ; 6 Statistics 103 3 Physical Education 2 Third Year 33 History (See p. 40, n. 2) 6 Political Science 26 (Business Law) 6 Money and Banking 33 3 Marketing 73 ;••■•. 3 Economic History of the United States or Economic History of Europe 4 Psychology 13 3 Electives 7 32 Fourth Year Transportation (Rail) 3 Corporation Finance and Investments 6 Industrial Organization and Management 3 Bible 82 and Ethics 4 Electives 15 31 Students may elect from the following: History of Economic Thought; Motor, Air and Water Transportation ; Public Finance ; Labor Problems ; Economics of Consumption ; Contemporary Economic Problems. On con- sultation with the adviser electives may be selected in another field. 79 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE CHEMISTRY Adviser: Dr. Bender Plan of course leading to the degree of B.S. in Chemistry: . ' Hours credit First Year 1st sem. 2nd sem. English 16 3 3 Mathematics 13 and 23 3 3 German 06 or 16* or 76* 3 3 Bible 14 2 2 Chemistry 18 -. 4 4 Hygiene 11, Orientation 11 1 1 Physical Education 1 1 Second Year Mathematics 36 3 3 Biology_18 4 4 Economics 16 3 3 Chemistry 24 and 34 4 4 Physical Education 1 1 Elective 2 or 3 2 or 3 Third Year Mathematics 48 4 4 Physics 16, 12 .... . 4 4 Chemistry 48 4 4 Chemistry 73 — 3 Elective 5 2 Fourth Year Psychology 13 3 — Chemistry 84 and 94 4 4 Chemistry 58 4 4 Elective 4 8 It should be noted that Chemistry 73 and 58 are given in alternate years. It is recommended that a reading knowledge of French be acquired and that additional courses in Physics be taken. At least three hours must be elected outside of the sciences. * If German 06 is taken the first year it must be followed by German 16 or 76 in the second year. 80 CATALOGUE REGULAR PRE-MEDICAL COURSE Advisers: Dr. Derickson and Dr. Bender The following courses of study are outlined for those desiring to qualify for admission to medical schools. The work offered for a two-year course includes the subjects specified by the Bureau of Professional Education of the Pennsyl- vania Department of Public Instruction as the minimum requirement for admission to any medical school. The four-year course includes all of the subjects required for ad- mission to the medical schools which require a collegiate degree for admission and fulfills the requirements of the College for the Bache- lor of Science degree. The student ranks as a Pre-Medical Major. The student should maintain a standard of not less than "B" in required courses in order to obtain the recommendation of the college for admission to a medical school. In addition to the courses outlined the student is advised to read the following: Locy, Biology and its Makers; Stieglitz, Chemistry in Medicine; Mendel, Nutrition: The Chemistry of Life; Garrison, History of Medicine. Current Biological Literature including Journals of Wistar In- stitute of Anatomy and Biology. Bio-Chemistry by such authors as Bodansky, Hawk, Gortner. Four- Year Course First Year Hours Credit Second Year Hours Credit Biology 18 8 Bible 14 4 Chemistry 18 8 Chemistry 24 and 34 8 English 16 6 English 26 6 French 16 or Psychology 13 3 *German 76 (See p. 40, n.l) 6 Physical Education 2 Mathematics 13 and 23 . . 6 Hygiene 11, Orientation 11. 2 Physical Education 2 Elective 10 36 £ Third Year Hours Credit Fourth Year Hours Credit Biology 48 8 Biology 54-A, 94 or S4-B . . 8 Economics 16 or Chemistry 48 8 Sociology 13 and 23 6 History (See p. 40, n. 2) . 6 Physics 16 and 12 8 Bible 82, and Elective 12 Philosophy 32 4 Elective 8 34 34 A few medical schools require both French and German. 81 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE PRE-NURSING, PRE-LABORATORY TECHNOLOGY, PRE-VETERINARY COURSES Cooperative courses in preparation for professional courses in hospitals and medical schools in nursing, medical technology, oral hygiene, and veterinary science. The general plan of the pre-medical course will be followed with the substitution of courses specified in the curriculum of the insti- tution in which the professional work is to be done. Arrangements will be made with those desiring to complete the re- quirements for the Bachelor of Science degree in Lebanon Valley College for the conferring of the degree after the completion of the required work in the professional school. The amount of work re- quired at Lebanon Valley College will depend upon the content of the credits earned in the professional school. Each applicant's case will be considered individually and the entire program worked out in advance. In general, from 3 to 3^2 years or its equivalent would be required at Lebanon Valley College. ACCELERATED PRE-MEDICAL COURSE Lebanon Valley College is cooperating with the medical colleges to enable a high school graduate to complete his medical education and receive his M.D. degree in five calendar years after graduation from high school. The work of each of the two calendar years is divided into three sessions, a summer session of twelve weeks and a first and second semester of seventeen weeks each. The courses are arranged as follows: First Summer Session, 12 weeks : General Chemistry 18 8 semester hours Freshman English 16 6 " " 14 First Semester, first year, 17 weeks : General Biology 18 4 " Chemistry 24, Qualitative Analysis 4 French 16 or German 76 3 Mathematics 13 3 Psychology 13, General Psychology 3 Physical Education 12 1 Orientation 11 1 " " 19 Second Semester, first year, 17 weeks : General Biology 18 4 semester hours Chemistry 34, Quantative Analysis 4 French 16 or German 76 . . _ 3 Mathematics 23, Plane Trigonometry 3 Psychology 93, Abnormal Psychology 3 Physical Education 12 1 Hygiene 11 1 " " 19 82 CATALOGUE Second Summer Session, 12 weeks : Chemistry 48, Organic Chemistry 8 semester hours Sophomore English 26 6 " 14 First Semester, second year, 17 weeks : Biology 48, Comparative Anatomy, or 54-A, Embryology 4 Physics 16, 12 4 Elective (American History, Sociology, etc.) . . 9 "17 Second Semester, second year, 17 weeks : Biology 48 or 54-B, Histology 4 Physics 16, 12 4 Elective, History, Political Science, Sociology 9 " 17 100 PRE-THEOLOGICAL Adviser: Dr. Richie The following schedule is designed for students planning to enter the Christian Ministry: First Year Hours Credit Third Year Hours Credit Bible 14 4 Bible 82 2 English 16 6 Greek 46 6 French 16 or German 16 . . 6 Psychology 13 and 23 6 Greek 16 6 One of : Hygiene 11, Orientation 11. 2 Philosophy 23-A and 23-B Physical Education 2 Economics 16 or *Elective 6 Political Science 16 or — Sociology 13 and 23 6 32 Elective 13 Second Year — Bible 22 and 32 4 33 English 26 6 Fourth Year Greek 26 6 Greek 56 6 One of: History (See p. 40, n. 2) . 6 Biology 18 or Philosophy 32, 52 4 Chemistry 18 or Psychology 102 2 Physics 16, 12 8 Elective 12 Physical Education 2 — Elective 8 30 34 Students are advised to elect such courses in Philosophy, History, Sci- ence, Social Science, English, Economics, and Education as will give a thorough, basic preparation for the advanced studies offered by the the- ological seminaries. Students who plan to enter Bonebrake Theological Seminary must have twelve or more hours credit in college Greek if they wish to elect Greek in the Seminary. Electives must be governed by A.B. requirements, p. 40. 83 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE TEACHING Adviser: Dr. Stine Five-year Plan for Teacher Education While the present emergency probably precludes additional re- quirements for teacher certification in the secondary field, in antici- pation of the time when a fifth year of college work may be re- quired of secondary teachers, Lebanon Valley College has so ar- ranged sequences of courses that its students may, upon graduation, continue graduate courses in the Schools of Education of the Uni- versity of Pennsylvania and Temple University without loss of time or credits in securing the master's degree. Lebanon Valley College will continue to offer work leading to the granting of the provisional certificate; and, for teachers who do not desire a master's degree, such work as is at present required for the college permanent cer- tificate. Certification Requirements Certification requirements in the various states make it impera- tive that prospective teachers begin planning their work during the freshman year in college. The planning should take into considera- tion two factors: A. Requirements in professional courses. B. Requirements in academic subject matter. Requirements in Professional Courses The following professional courses are designed to meet the Penn- sylvania requirements for certification : A. Education 123. Three hours. This course, which is prerequisite to other courses in Education, should be taken in the sophomore year. B. Psychology 23. Three hours. Prerequisite: Psychology 13. It is sug- gested that Psychology 13 be taken the first semester of the sophomore year and Psychology 23 the second semester. C. Education 82. Two hours. To be taken the first semester, junior year. D. Education 132. Two Hours. To be taken the second semester, junior year. E. Education 332. Two hours. Senior year. F. Education 136. Six hours. Prerequisites : Education 123, 82, 132, Psychology 23, English 33. In courses 132, 82, and 332 a third hour of credit may be obtained through additional work. Students wishing to major in Education or to meet requirements in other states should consult with Dr. Stine before beginning their profes- sional work. 84 CATALOGUE It should be noted that satisfactory work in English 33 (Public Speak- ing) is a prerequisite to the course in practice teaching. Requirements in Academic Subject Matter A. Students can be certified in the following secondary school subjects: English, French, German, Latin, Spanish, History, Social Science, Mathematics, Physical Science, and Biological Science. At least eighteen hours of credit in the various fields are required for certification to teach in those fields. College subjects other than the ones listed are not secondary school subjects. Hence, eighteen hours of credit in such fields will not help the student meet certification requirements. The student should begin planning his work in the freshman year. It is important that he know in which fields he wishes to meet the eighteen hours requirement. Major and minor fields should be selected no later than the end of the freshman year and the student should plan his schedule so as to meet certification requirements in those fields by the end of his junior year. In this way the senior year can be devoted to meeting major requirements and doing more intensive professional work. Students should meet certification requirements in at least three fields, i.e., one major and two minors. Education should not be considered a minor. Seventy-eight hours are required to meet this plan: sixty hours in subject matter courses and eighteen in Education. The student will have fifty-two additional hours in which to meet such requirements as have not been met in filling major and minor requirements, and for electives. This should be considered a minimum program. It can be completed without difficulty if there is careful and early planning. B. The following programs are designed to meet Pennsylvania requirements in the respective subject matter fields: 1. English: 16, 26, 33, 152, 63-B, 522-A. 2. French : 16, 26, six hours advanced work. 3. German: 16, 26, six hours advanced work. 4. Latin: 16, 26, 64, two hours elective. 5. Spanish : 06, 16, 26. 6. Mathematics : 36, 48, four hours elective. 7. History: 13, 46, six hours of European history, and three hours of American history. / 8. Social Science: Economics 16, Political Science 16, Sociology 13, 23. 9. Social Studies : Teachers certified in Social Studies can teach history and social science. Students will be recommended for certification in this field upon satisfactory completion of History 46, six hours of European history, Economics 16, Political Science 16 or Sociology 13, 23. 10. Physical Sciences : Chemistry 18, Physics 18, two hours elective in either field. 11. Biological Sciences: Biology 18-A, 28, 38. 85 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 12. Science : Teachers certified in Science can teach Physical and Bi- ological Sciences. Students will be recommended for certification in this field upon satisfactory completion of Biology 18-A, Physics 18, Chemistry 18. The combination fields in Science and Social Studies are concessions to students experiencing difficulties in meeting all requirements for certifi- cation in the separate fields covered by these terms. At no time should the student seek certification in either Social Studies or Science unless he is meeting all requirements in one of the divisions included in these fields, i.e., History or Social Science in the case of Social Studies ; Bi- ological or Physical Sciences in the case of Science. Furthermore, Social Studies or Science should be added only as a third field in which certifi- cation is being sought. Preparation for Junior High School Teaching Students interested in teaching in the junior high school should further prepare themselves by taking Education 93 (The Junior High School), Psychology 43 (Psychology of Adolescence), and by doing their student teaching in one of the junior high schools of Lebanon. Such students should also meet certification requirements in at least three fields. Requirements for a Major in Education To those who are preparing for work in Education as a profession, and who desire to make a more complete preparation than the minimum required by the State, a major in Education leading to the B.S. degree is offered. For this, additional courses in Education and Educational Psy- chology are required, and in addition two minors, chosen from related fields, of eighteen semester hours each. Scholastic Record of Prospective Teachers Students whose college work falls below the median grade of the Col- lege are strongly advised not to consider education as a profession. The College reserves the right to refuse such persons admission into educa- tion courses. Placement Bureau In order to give students the benefit of calls that are received for teachers and to render greater assistance in finding employment, the Col- lege provides for a Placement Bureau to keep on file records of students with their credentials for those who desire it. For registration with the bureau a fee of one dollar is charged. The services of the Placement Bureau will be available to graduates for one year after date of graduation by virtue of this fee. If any graduate desires further service an additional fee of one dollar is charged for each year. 86 The Conservatory of Music Professors Gillespie, Bender, Campbell, Crawford, Malsh, Rutledge, Carmean, Travis, Bernat Lebanon Valley College is a Member of the National Association of Schools of Music. THE aim of the Conservatory is to teach music historically and aesthetically as an element of liberal culture; to offer courses that will give a thorough and practical understanding of theory and composition; and to train artists and teachers. ENTRANCE REQUIREMENTS An applicant for admission must (1) be a graduate of a four-year High School, and (2) possess a reasonable amount of musical intelligence and accomplishment, such as : (a) The possession of an acceptable singing voice and of a fairly quick sense of tone and rhythm ; (b) Ability to sing at sight hymn and folk tunes with a fair degree of accuracy and facility; (c) Ability to play the piano or some orchestral instrument represent- ing two years' study. MUSIC EDUCATION For Training Supervisors and Teachers of Public School Music (B.S. in Music Education) This course has been approved by the State Council of Education for the preparation of supervisors and teachers of public school music. The outline of the curriculum follows : Clock Semester First Semester Hours Hours English, including Library Science 4 3 Place and Purpose of Education in the Social Order, including School Visitation 3 2 Harmony 313 3 3 Solfeggio 112 (Sight Reading) 3 2 Ear Training 212 3 2 Private Study: Voice, Piano, Strings (Violin, Viola, 'Cello, Bass) ; Woodwinds (Flute, Oboe, Clari- net, Bassoon) ; Brasses (Trumpet, French Horn, Trombone, Tuba) ; and Percussion Instruments. Chorus, Orchestra, and Band. Work arranged for greatest benefit of students 9 3 Health Education , 2 1 27 16 87 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE Clock Semester Second Semester Hours Hours English 3 3 Speech 3 3 Harmony 323 3 3 Solfeggio 122 (Sight Reading) 3 2 Ear Training 222 3 2 Private Study (See First Semester) 9 3 Health Education 2 1 26 17 Third Semester Appreciation of Art 3 2 History of Civilization 4 4 Harmony 332 2 2 Solfeggio 132 (Sight Reading) 3 2 Ear Training 232 3 2 Eurythmics 831 2 1 Private Study (See First Semester) 9 3 26 16 Fourth Semester Principles of Sociology 2 2 Literature 3 3 Harmony 372 2 2 Elements of Conducting 642 2 2 Methods and Materials 443 4 3 Eurythmics 841 2 1 Private Study (See First Semester) 9 3 24 16 Fifth Semester General Psychology 3 3 Advanced Choral Conducting 653 3 3 Harmony 342 2 2 History and Appreciation of Music 553 3 3 Methods and Materials 453 4 3 Private Study (See First Semester) 9 3 24 17 Sixth Semester Educational Psychology 3 3 Harmony 362 2 2 Advanced Instrumental Conducting 663 3 3 History and Appreciation of Music 563 3 3 Methods and Materials 463 . , 4 3 Private Study (See First Semester) 8 2 23 16 88 CATALOGUE Clock Semester Seventh Semester Hours Hours Physical Science 4 3 Student Teaching and Conferences 776 8 6 Private Study (See First Semester) 6 2 Elective 4 4 22 15 Eighth Semester Educational Measurements 2 2 Student Teaching and Conferences 786 7 6 Private Study (See First Semester) 6 2 Elective 5 5 20 15 OUTLINE OF COURSES I. Theory of Music Sight Singing Courses Solfeggio 112. Professor Gillespie Three hours per week, two semester hours credit. Sight Singing 112 covers the work equivalent to grades 1, 2, 3, and 4 of the public school. Solfeggio 122. Professor Gillespie Three hours per week, two semester hours credit. Sight Singing 122 covers the work equivalent to grades 5, 6, 7, and 8 of the public school. Solfeggio 132. Professor Carmean Three hours per week, two semester hours credit. A continuation with exercises and songs of increasing difficulty both tonal and rhythmic. Emphasis on reading from any clef. Study and ap- plication of additional tempo, dynamic and interpretative markings. Speed and accuracy are demanded. New material is constantly used, resulting in an extensive survey of song material. Dictation (Ear Training) Courses Ear Training 212. Professor Bender Three hours per week, two semester hours credit. A study of tone and rhythm integrated with Solfeggio 112 and Har- mony 313, including the writing of intervals, melodies, and chord pro- gressions as dictated from the piano. Ear Training 222. Professor Bender Three hours per week, two semester hours credit. A continuation of the study of tone, rhythm, and intervals. A consider- able portion of the time is devoted to the development of harmonic dic- tation. Ear Training 232. Professor Bender Three hours per week, two semester hours credit. A. study of the more difficult tonal problems and complicated rhythms. Chromatic dictation correlated with chromatic harmony. 89 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE Designed to develop ability to recognize and write chord progressions, including modulation, and altered chords. Harmony Courses Harmony 313. Professor Bender Three hours per week, three semester hours credit. A study of the. rudiments of music, including notation, scales, intervals, and triads ; the connection of triads by harmonizing melodies and basses with fundamental triads ; playing of simple cadences at the piano ; analysis of phrases and periods. Harmony 323. Professor Bender Three hours per week, three semester hours credit. Deals with inversions of triads, seventh and ninth chords, harmonizations of melodies and figured basses ; analysis and composition of the smaller forms ; modulation. Harmony 332 (Chromatic Harmony and Counterpoint). Professor Bender Three hours per week, two semester hours credit. The use of dominant and diminished sevenths as embellishments of and substitutes for diatonic harmony; harmonization of melodies and figured basses ; analysis of two and three part song forms ; composition in two part song form ; two voice counterpoint ; a study of the art of combining melodies in all species. Harmony 352 (Chromatic Harmony and Counterpoint). Professor Bender Three hours per week, two semester hours credit. Continuation of the study of chromatic harmony ; use of borrowed tones, augmented chords, and modulation ; analysis of sonata form and fugue ; original composition in forms analyzed ; three voice counterpoint in all species. Harmony 342 (Keyboard). Professor Bender Three hours per week, two semester hours credit. Harmonization at the piano of melodies, both with four part harmony and accompaniment ; transposition ; modulation ; improvisation. Harmony 362 (Composition and Orchestration). Professor Rutledge Two hours per week, two semester hours credit. Original composition is continued in various vocal and instrumental forms. This course offers opportunity and guidance in arranging music for various combinations of instruments and voice, including band, orchestra, and chorus. The best productions of the class will be given public per- formance. 90 CATALOGUE II. Materials and Methods Methods 443: Child Voice and Rote Songs with Materials and Methods for Grades 1, 2, 3. Professor Gillespie Four hours per week, three semester hours credit. A comprehensive study of the use of the child's singing voice in the primary grades, including the treatment of monotones, acquaintance with the best collections of rote songs, and practice in choosing, memorizing, singing, and presenting a large number of these songs ; methods of pre- senting rhythm through singing games and simple interpretative move- ments ; beginnings of directed music appreciation ; foundation studies for later technical developments. Comparative study of recognized Public School Music Series. Methods 453: All Materials and Methods for Grades 4, 5, 6. Professor Gillespie Four hours per week, three semester hours credit. A study of the child's singing voice in the intermediate grades ; special attention to the formal or technical work of these grades, with an evalua- tion of important texts and recent approaches. Preparation of lesson plans, making of outlines, and observation is required. Music appreciation is continued. Methods 463: Materials and Methods, Junior and Senior High School. Professors Gillespie and Carmean » Four hours per week, three semester hours credit. The junior and senior high school problems are treated separately through an analysis of the specific problems, year by year or in special groups. Attention is given to materials and methods relative to the or- ganization and directing of choruses, glee clubs, orchestra, band, ele- mentary theory, music appreciation, and class instruction in band and orchestral instruments ; study in the testing and care of the adolescent voice. Methods 482: Advanced Problems. Professor Rutledge Two hours per week, two semester hours credit. A study of the general and specific problems which confront the director of school orchestras, bands, and instrumental classes. Problems of general interest will include (1) organization and management, (2) stimulating and maintaining interest, (3) selection of beginners, (4) scheduling re- hearsals and class lessons, (5) financing and purchasing instruments, uni- forms, and other equipment, (6) marching bands — formations and drills, (7) evaluating music materials, (8) festivals, contests, and public per- formances. III. Student Teaching Student Teaching 776, 786 Professors Gillespie and Carmean Seven hours throughout the year, twelve semester hours credit. The Senior Class of the Music Education course teaches in the Derry Township Consolidated Schools at Hershey, Pa. Teaching includes vocal and instrumental work from kindergarten to high school. This work is done under the guidance of the following faculty : 91 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE Mary E. Gillespie, M.A. Columbia University, Director of the Con- servatory of Music, Lebanon Valley College. D. Clark Carmean, MA. Columbia University, Instructor in Band and Orchestral Instruments. Raymond H. Koch, M.A. University of Pittsburgh, Superintendent of Derry Township Consolidated Schools, Hershey, Pa. Herbert Curry, B.S. Lebanon Valley College Conservatory of Music, Supervisor of Music, Senior High School, Hershey, Pa. A laboratory fee of $17.50 per semester is charged for student teaching. IV. Instrumental Courses Elementary Class Instruction in Band and Orchestral Instruments. Practical courses in which students, in addition to being taught the fundamental principles underlying the playing of all band and orchestra instruments, learn to play melodies on instruments of each group, viz., string, woodwind, and brass. Problems of class procedure in public schools are discussed; transposition of all instruments is taught and an extensive bibliography is prepared. Ensemble playing is an integral part of these String Class 93, 94, and 95 (Violin). Professor Carmean Two hours per week throughout three semesters. Woodwind Class 97 and 98 (Clarinet). Professor Rutledge Two hours per week throughout the year. Brass Class 91 and 92 (Cornet, French horn, alto, trombone, baritone, or Tuba). Professor Rutledge Two hours per week throughout the year. Percussion 96 (Drums). Professor Rutledge One hour per week. One semester. Advanced Class Instruction in Band and Orchestral Instruments. Two hours per week. One setnester. Advanced instruction in instruments is given in unit courses. In these unit courses a student may study and gain practical experience in playing the more rare instruments of each group. Advanced String 903 (Viola, violoncello, and bass viol). Two hours per week. One semester. Professor Carmean Advanced Woodwind 907 (Flute, piccolo, oboe, bassoon, alto clari- net, and bass clarinet). Professor Carmean Two hours per week. One semester. Advanced Brass 901 (All brass instruments not studied in Brass 91 or 92). Professor Rutledge Two hours per week. One semester. Advanced Percussion 906. Professor Rutledge One hour per week. One semester. 92 CATALOGUE V. Musical Organizations College Band 910-911. Professor Rutledge Two hours per week throughout the year. Lebanon Valley College maintains a uniformed band, the membership of which is made up of college and conservatory students. The band con- tributes to college life by playing at football games, by appearing on several programs during the year, and by providing the musical accom- paniment for the annual May Day Fete. During the spring several con- certs are given in various cities of this section of the state. Membership in the band is determined by an applicant's ability on his instrument and by the needs of the band with respect to maintaining a well-balanced in- strumentation. Girls' Band 912-913. Professor Rutledge Two hours per week throughout the year. This organization is open to girls of the Conservatory and College alike. Membership in this band is determined by the applicant's ability on her instrument, and by the needs of the band with respect to maintaining a well-balanced instrumentation. The group will participate in a spring concert. Symphony Orchestra 914-915. Professor Rutledge Two hours per week throughout the year. The Lebanon Valley College Symphony Orchestra is a musical or- ganization of symphonic proportions. Open alike to advanced players from the college and the conservatory, the orchestra adheres to a high standard of performance. Throughout the school year a professional interpretation of a wide range of standard orchestral literature is insisted upon. College Orchestra 916-917. Professor Carmean Two hours per week throughout the t year. The College Orchestra is open to all members of the Conservatory and of the College who are sufficiently qualified to belong to this organization. Junior Orchestra 918-919. Professor Carmean One hour per week throughout the year. Students of the elementary and advanced instrumental classes are given an opportunity to play their instruments in the Junior Band and the Junior Orchestra, thus gaining a type of valuable ensemble experience not possible to attain in the instrumental classes. Glee Club 63-64. Professor Rutledge One hour per week throughout the year. The Glee Club is a mixed chorus of selected voices. The personnel of the organization, while open to all L. V. C. students, is limited to forty members. During the spring the Club appears in concerts in several communities throughout this section of the state. Choral literature of the highest type is studied intensively. College Chorus 61-62. Professor Rutledge One hour per week throughout the year. The mixed chorus is open to all on the campus who are interested in this type of musical performance and who have had some experience in singing. 93 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE Instrumental Ensembles. In addition to the larger musical organi- zations there is additional opportunity for advanced players to try out for such ensembles as: (1) String Trio (2) String Quartet (3) Violin Choir (4) Brass Ensemble (5) Woodwind Ensemble VI. The History of Music and Appreciation History of Music and Appreciation 553. Professor Gillespie Three hours per week, three semester hours credit. The first developments of music are treated briefly, and special em- phasis is laid on the work of the contrapuntal schools, the development of the harmonic idea in composition, and the rise of the opera and oratorio. History of Music and Appreciation 563. Professor Gillespie Three hours per week, three semester hours credit. Emphasis is placed on the growth of musical movements and forms, and on the lives, works, and influence of the great composers. Opportunity is given for hearing representative music of the different periods of music history and of the recognized composers. VII. Miscellaneous Courses Elements of Conducting 642. Professor Rutledge Two hours per week, two semester hours credit. Principles of conducting ; study of methods of conductors, adaptation of methods to school situations, a study of the technique of the baton with daily practice, score reading, making of programs. Selection of suitable materials for various school group! Readings and reports. Advanced Conducting 672. Professor Rutledge Two hours per week, two semester hours credit. A detailed and comprehensive study of the factors involved in the in- terpretation of choral and instrumental music. Conducting various musical organizations and chapel programs is an integral part of this course. Eurythmics 831. Professor Gillespie Two hours per week, one semester hour credit. The course offers a three-fold training : mental control through coor- dination ; physical poise through movements made in response to rhythm ; and a musical sense through the analysis of the rhythmic element in music. Eurythmics 841. Professor Gillespie Two hours per week, one semester hour credit. General survey of elementary and intermediate floor work, and inter- pretation together with a discussion of the principles underlying the presentation of this to children. Applied improvisation will be an integral part of the course. Care and Repair 101. Professor Carmean One hour per week. One semester. An analytical laboratory technique applied to methods of construction 94 CATALOGUE of the band and orchestra instruments. With this information as a back- ground, preventive measures are established to avoid undue wear and deterioration of the instruments, and through actual experience the stu- dent acquires proficiency in the operations necessary in replacements and repair. Physical Science 103. Professor Carmean Three hours. First semester. Open to music students only. Cultivation of the scientific approach to sound and tone, with emphasis on their application to music and musical instruments. VIII. Individual Instruction Voice, Piano, Organ, Chorus, Orchestral and Band Instruments. The work in the foregoing fields will be organized from the standpoint of the development of musicianship in the individual student. The work continues through eight semesters and assures a well-rounded and many- sided acquaintance with various musical techniques. Private instruction is provided in Applied Music (Piano, Voice, Organ, Violin, and all instruments of orchestra and band). Piano : Mrs. Bender, Miss Travis, Miss Bernat, Mr. Marsh Voice : Mr. Crawford. Organ: Mr. Campbell. Violin: Mr. Malsh. Brass : Mr. Rutledge. Viola, 'Cello, and String Bass : Mr. Carmean. Woodwind: Mr. Rutledge. IX. Junior Department The Conservatory of Music sponsors a Junior Department especially adapted to children of elementary or high school age. This Junior Department offers either private or class instruction in piano and all instruments of the band and orchestra. A desirable number for class instruction is from four to six members. THE STUDENT RECITALS The student evening recitals are of inestimable value to all students in acquainting them with a wide range of the best musical literature, in developing musical taste and discrimination, in affording young musicians experience in appearing before an audience, and in gaining self-reliance as well as nerve control and stage demeanor. Students in all grades appear on the programs of these recitals. FEES A Matriculation Fee of five dollars must be paid by all full-time stu- dents who are entering the College or Conservatory for the first time. This fee should accompany the application for admission. If a student's application is not accepted, the fee will be returned. 95 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE All students not enrolled in regular College or Conservatory Courses will be required to pay a matriculation fee of one dollar, once in each school year. The rates for the Music Education Teachers' and Supervisors' Course are $325 per year, which covers not only tuition but also a fee for student activities. The Music Education Teachers' and Supervisors' Course includes two private lessons per week, the use of a piano two hours daily for practice, and theoretical and college courses not exceeding a total of seventeen semester hours each semester. Extra hours in theoretical and college courses will be charged at the rate of $9.00 per semester hour. Private Lessons The rates per semester, one lesson per week, are $25.00. The rates per semester, one class lesson per week in the Junior Depart- ment, are $12.00. Rent of Practice Instruments Piano, one hour daily per semester $ 4.00 Each additional hour daily per semester 2.00 Organ, one hour daily, per semester 20.00 Organ, two hours weekly, per semester 8.00 Band and Orchestra Instruments, per semester 6.00 RULES AND REGULATIONS Regular Conservatory students are not enrolled for a shorter period of time than a full semester, or the unexpired portion of a semester; and no reduction is made for delay in registering when the time lost is less than one-fourth of the semester. No reduction is made for absence from recitations except in case of protracted illness extending beyond a period of two weeks, in which case the loss is shared equally by the college and student. Conservatory students are under the regular college discipline. SPECIFICATIONS OF THE FOUR-MANUAL MOLLER ORGAN GREAT ORGAN (unenclosed) 8' Rohr Flute 73 Pipes 16' Violone 61 Pipes 8' Spitz Flute 73 Pipes 8' Principal 61 Pipes 8' Salicional 73 Pipes 8' Diapason 61 Pipes 8' Vox Celeste 61 Pipes 8' Harmonic Flute ... 61 Pipes 4' Octave 73 Pipes 8' Gemshorn 61 Pipes 4' Flute Triangulaire. . 73 Pipes 4' Octave 61 Pipes 4' Salicet 61 Notes 4' Flute Overte 61 Pipes 2' Fifteenth 61 Pipes 4' Gemshorn 61 Notes 1-3/5' Tierce 61 Notes 2-2/3' Twelfth 61 Pipes HI Rks - Mixture 183 Pipes 2' Fifteenth 61 Pipes 16' Waldhorn 73 Pipes III Rlcs. Mixture 163 Pipes 8' Trumpet 73 Pipes Chimes (from Solo) 8 ' Oboe 73 pi P es SWELL ORGAN (enclosed) 8 ' Vox Humana 61 Pipes 16' Flute Conique 73 Pipes 4' Clarion 73 Pipes 8' Diapason 73 Pipes Tremulant 96 CATALOGUE CHOIR ORGAN (enclosed) 16' Dulciana 97 Pipes 8' English Diapason . 73 Pipes 8' Concert Flute 73 Pipes 8' Dulciana 73 Notes 8' Unda Maris 73 Pipes 4' Flute d' Amour ... 73 Pipes 4' Dulciana 73 Notes 4' Unda Maris II . . 73 Notes 2-2/3' Dulciana Twelfth... 61 Notes 2-2/3' Rohr Nazard 61 Pipes 2' Piccolo 61 Pipes 2' Dulciana 61 Notes 8' Clarinet 73 Pipes Harp 49 Bars Celesta 37 Notes Tremulant SOLO ORGAN (enclosed) III Rks. Diapason Chorus.. 219 Pipes 8' Gamba 73 Pipes 8' Gamba Celeste . 61 Pipes 8' Viole Sourdine ... 73 Pipes 8' Viole Celeste 61 Pipes 4' Gamba 61 Notes 4' Orchestral Flute... 73 Pipes 8' Tromba 73 Pipes 8' French Horn 73 Pipes 4' Clarion 61 Notes Chimes 21 Tubes Tremulant PEDAL ORGAN 16' Diapason 32 Pipes 16' Bourdon 32 Pipes 16' Violone 32 Notes 16' Dulciana 32 Notes 16' Flute Conique 32 Notes 8' Octave 12 Pipes 8' Flute Major 12 Pipes 8' Concert Flute 32 Notes 8' Gamba 32 Notes 8' Dulciana 32 Notes 4' Flute 32 Notes 10-2/3' Quint 32 Notes II Rks. Mixture 64 Pipes 16' Trombone 32 Pipes 16' Waldhorn 32 Notes 8' Trumpet 32 Notes 8' Tromba 32 Notes 4' Clarion 32 Notes Chimes (from Solo) . 21 Notes Swell to Great Swell to Great 4' Swell to Great 16' Choir to Great Choir to Great 4' Choir to Great 16' Solo 1 :o Great Solo 1 :o Great 4' Solo 1 :o Great 16' Solo to Choir Solo to Choir 4' Solo 1 :o Choir 16' Swell to Choir Swell to Choir 4' Sw«ll to Choir 16' COUPLERS Choir 4' Choir 16' Choir Unison Off Solo to Swell Solo to Swell 4' Solo to Swell 16' Choir to Swell Choir to Swell 4' Choir to Swell 16' Swell 4' Swell 16' Swell Unison Off Solo 4' Solo 16' Solo Unison Off Great 4' Great Unison Off Swell to Solo Swell to Solo 4' Swell to Solo 16' Solo to Pedal Solo to Pedal 4' Swell to Pedal Swell to Pedal 4' Great to Pedal Great to Pedal 4' Choir to Pedal Choir to Pedal 4' Pedal to Pedal Octave MECHANICALS 8 Pistons affecting 8 Pistons affecting 8 Pistons affecting 8 Pistons affecting 8 Pistons affecting 10 Pistons affecting Swell Organ Great Organ Choir Organ Solo Organ Pedal Organ Full Organ Crescendo Indicator — slide — four stages Sforzando Piston and toe stud All Swells to Swell Piston and toe stud Great to Pedal Reversible Swell to Pedal Reversible Choir to Pedal Reversible Solo to Pedal Reversible Balanced Expression Pedal — Choir Organ Balanced Expression Pedal — Swell Organ Balanced Expression Pedal — Solo Organ Balanced Crescendo Pedal 5 Full organ combination Pistons dup- licated by toe studs 5 Pedal combination Pistons duplicat- ed by toe studs Pedal to Swell — On and off Pedal to Great — On and off Pedal to Choir — On and off General Cancel Piston Coupler Cancel Piston Combination cut-out with lock Electric Clock Harp Dampers Chimes Dampers 97 Degrees CONFERRED JANUARY 24, 1944 Bachelor of Arts Barbara Converse Mandle Mary Martha Yeakle Verna Pauline Stonecipher Bachelor of Science in Chemistry Norman Martin Bouder, Jr. Ruth Janet Graybill Kenneth Raymond Gerhart Samuel Elmer Stein Bachelor of Science With a Major in Science Glenn Palmer Schwalm With a Major in Education Curtis Tracy Esther Beckwith Whiteside With a Major in Music Education Minnie Evelyn Ling Honorary Degrees Cawley Hoover Stine Doctor of Divinity Raymond Guy Mowrey Doctor of Pedagogy CONFERRED MAY 22, 1944 Bachelor of Arts Jean Priscilla Anger Mark Anderson Mobley Betty Virginia Bartels Edward Allen Powell Samuel Hower Beamesderfer Charles Arthur Shelley Sarah Ruth Curry William Ernest Sherriff Richard James Hoerner Buryl Ellsworth Snoddy Betty Mae Minnich Bruce Chester Souders Bachelor of Science in Chemistry Ruth Emily Haverstock Sterling Sylvester Sanders Elizabeth Amy Kreiser Edgar Franklin Schnee, Jr. Paul Lipsitz John Roy Wise Bachelor of Science With a Major in Science Marian Mark Kreider Esther May Wagner Elizabeth Jean Light With a Major in Music Education Betty Jane Bomgardner Dorothy Hope Landis Miriam Naomi Carper Emma Catharine Miller Harry Ivan Drendall Laura Burtz Roye Hazel Jane Fornoff Garneta Louise Seavers Elizabeth Ann Hess Miriam Winifred Tippery CATALOGUE Honorary Degrees Paul Edward Cooper Doctor of Divinity Samuel Thomas Dundore Doctor of Divinity Carl William Hiser Doctor of Divinity Alfred Decker Keator Doctor of Letters Claude Raymond Wickard Doctor of Laws Graduates Cum Laude Marian Mark Kreider Betty Mae Minnich Elizabeth Amy Kreiser Ruth Emily Haverstock Samuel Hower Beamesderfer ELECTED TO MEMBERSHIP Phi Alpha Epsilon Honorary Scholarship Society Samuel Hower Beamesderfer Elizabeth Amy Kreiser Ruth Emily Haverstock Paul Lipsitz Marian Mark Kreider Betty Mae Minnich CONFERRED AUGUST 25, 1944 Bachelor of Arts Gene Gruber Bowman Gerald Donald Kauffman Robert Paul Crist Sara Ellen McGeehin James Edward Flinchbaugh Mary Elizabeth Moyer Francis George Flurer Martin Raymond Weber John Henry Gable, Jr. Charles William Wolfe Bachelor of Science in Chemistry Edward Donald Withers, Jr. Bachelor of Science With a Major in Science Blossom Rachelle Levitz With a Major in Music Education Anne Adams Dorothy Elizabeth Moyer Dorothy May Cox Grace Eleanor Spangler 99 Addresses of Faculty and Administrative Officers Namt Address Phone Number Bailey, L. G 403 E. Main St., Annville, Pa Ann. 7-5452 Balsbaugh, E. M 108 College Ave., Annville, Pa " 7-4442 *Battista, Joseph 1103 Serrill Ave., Yeadon, Pa Madison 4247 Bender, Andrew 532 Maple St., Annville, Pa Ann. 7-4481 Bender, Mrs. Ruth Engle 532 Maple St., Annville, Pa " 7-4481 Bernat, Louise 528 W. 114th St., New York City, N. Y Univ. 4-8632 Black, Amos 440 Maple St., Annville, Pa Ann, 7-4574 Campbell, R. P Sixth and Walton Sts., Lebanon, Pa Leb. 775-J Carmean, D. Clark R. D. No. 1, Annville, Pa Ann. 7-5609 Carmean, Mrs. D. Clark R. D. No. 1, Annville, Pa " 7-5609 Crawford, Alexander 561 E. Main St., Annville, Pa " 7-4511 Derickaon, S. H 473 E. Main St.. Annville, Pa " 7-5742 Esbenshade, J. Walter 607 N. 9th St., Lebanon, Pa Leb. 756-J Pencil, Gladys M 128 E. Main St., Annville, Pa Ann. 7-3634 Treeland, Merl 44 College Ave., Annville, Pa " 7^522 *Frock, Jerome W 217 Elm Ave., Hershey, Pa Hershey 4717 Gillespie, Mary E North Hall, L. V. C, Annville, Pa Ann. Green, Mrs. Mary C 121 S. 11th St., Lebanon, Pa Leb. Grimm, S. 234 E. Main St., Annville, Pa " Henderson, Esther South Hall, L. V. C, Annville, Pa " Herr, William E Men's Dormitory, L. V. C, Annville, Pa " Lietzau, Lena Louise West Hall, L. V. C, Annville, Pa " Light, V. Earl R. D. No. 1, Annville, Pa " Lynch, Clyde A 26 E. Sheridan Ave., Annville, Pa " Malsh, Harold 27 North 19th St., Harrisburg, Pa Hbg. Marsh, Ozan L. V. C„ Annville, Pa *Miller, Frederic K 763 E. Maple St., Annville, Pa Ann. Miles, Verda M 43 E. Main St., Annville, Pa Mutch, Verna E 49 S. Manheim St., Annville, Pa 7-5851 625W 7-4781 7-3881 7-3891 7-3861 7-4643 7-3381 3-5646 7-3401 Myers, Helen Ethel 120 College Ave., Annville, Pa Ann. 7-4411 Page, Mrs. Lillian R Infirmary, L. V. C, Annville, Pa " 7-7581 Richie, G. A 466 E. Main St., Annville, Pa Ann. 7-3614 Rutledge, Edward P 637 E. Maple St., Annville, Pa " 7-5761 Shenk, H. H 438 E. Main St., Annville, Pa " 7-3301 *Shettel, Paul O 1103 Mitchell St., Conway, Ark Stevenson, Mrs. Stella J 128 E. Main St., Annville, Pa " 7-3634 Stine, Clyde S 43 N. Saylor St., Annville, Pa " 7-4512 Stohler, Elsie P 123 Lehman St., Lebanon, Pa Leb. 2336 Stokes. M. L 561 E. Main St., Annville, Pa Ann. 7-4511 Stonecipher, A. H. M 723 E. Maple St., Annville, Pa " 7-5401 Struble, Geo. G 27 N. Ulrich St., Annville, Pa " 7-5451 Travis, Elizabeth 43 W. 42nd St., New York 19, N. Y N. Y. Eldorado 5-7023 Wallaoe, P. A. W 504 Maple St., Annville. Pa " 7-4371 Wilt, Rev. William A 50 College Ave., Annville, Pa " 7-4291 On leave of absence. 100 Register of Students First Semester — 1944-45 SENIORS NAME MAJOR STREET NUMBER POST OFFICE STATE Armstrong, Thelma Mary Smith. . .Bus. Admin 3116 North 4th St Harrisburg Penna. Ayers, Etta Mae Bus. Admin. 1098 Willow St Lebanon Penna. Beittel, Dale Russel Greek 2001 North 3rd St Harrisburg Penna. Fisher, Lizette Prempert English 620 Market St Lemoyne Penna. Frantz, Marjorie Louise English 230 South 8th St Lebanon Penna. Housel, Lloyd James Psychology 509 N. Edgewood Ave. . Somerset Penna. Huss, Geraldine Rider Pre-Medical. . . .150 South Hanover St. .Hummelstown Penna. Kiscadden, Norma Viola Mathematics 315 North 11th St Lebanon Penna. Klick, Johann Louise English :456 Park Ave Hershey Penna. Raab, Yvonne Lorraine French Dallastown Penna. Raby, Earl Stephen History 102 North Church St. . . Waynesboro Penna. Rettew, Donald Detweiler Bus. Admin 134 E. Alleghany Ave. . Philadelphia Penna. Schindel, William Hubert Pre-Medical .... 23 East Irvin Ave Hagerstown Md. Schreiber, Nancy Kreider Chemistry Route #5 Lebanon Penna. Sheetz, Sarah Elizabeth Chemistry Colebrook Penna. Tulli, Gilda Madlin English Swatara Station. . . .Penna. TJlmer, Marian Elenore Mathematics R. D. #1 Phoenixville Penna. Wenger, Eugene Boyer Greek R. D. #3 Lebanon Penna. Zimmerman, Esther Marie History 3009 Walnut St Harrisburg Penna. JUNIORS Bittner, Joanne Barbara French 355 North 8th St Lebanon Penna. Bowman, Elizabeth Louise History 312 South 4th St Lebanon Penna. Cassatt, Verna Catherine Biology 536 S. Fifteenth St Harrisburg Penna. Ehrengart, Betty Claire Psychology 34 East Henry St Linden N. J. Himmelberger, Marion Laura Mathematics 778 Hill St Lebanon Penna. Hollinger, Edna Mae History Route #2, Box 91 Greencastle Penna. Kania, Joseph Peter History 742 Thomas St Elizabeth N. J. Killian, Ruth Edith Soc. Sciences 533 Locust St Lebanon Penna. Kreiser, Edith Alma Chemistry Ono Penna. Loy, Erma May English R. D. #2 Pine Grove Penna. McDonald, Jacqueline Alexandria. .Pre-Medical. . . .236 Chestnut St Lebanon Penna. Mumma, Lorraine Christine English 220 Chestnut St Lebanon Penna. Nemes, Majorie Mary Pre-Medical. . . . 1313 Delaware Ave. . . .Bethlehem Penna. Sattazahn, Helen Louise Soc. Sciences .... Maple Leaf Apts Lebanon Penna. Sattazahn, Nancy Margie Pre-Medical. . . .938 Chestnut St Lebanon Penna. Schaeff er, Clare Cecilia English 579 Guilford St Lebanon Penna. Sheridan, Marion Elvira Lewis Soc. Sciences 450 South 3rd St Lemoyne Penna. Snyder, Phyllis Elaine French Paxinos Penna. Stambach, Arthur William Psychology Dallastown Penna. Thomas, Dorothy Evelev Psychology 619 Walnut St Lebanon Penna. Thrush, Jean Corinne Psychology 6 Dunbar St Chatham N. J. Workman, Frances Eleanor English Reinerton Penna. Yeager, Catharine Salome Mathematics 126 S. Pleasant Ave. . . . Dallastown Penna. SOPHOMORES Bedger, Jean Elizabeth Psychology 141 North 9th St Lebanon Penna. Bickel, George Washington, Jr History 329 Maple St AnnviUe Penna. Cover, Richard E Chemistry 108 East Poplar St Lebanon Penna. Ebersole, Irene Mae Biology 133 East Penn Ave Cleona Penna. Engle, Esther Marie English 6 South Railroad St Hummelstown Penna. Gingrich, Junior Russell Pre-Medical. . . .232 East Main St Palmyra Penna. Goodman, Nora Mae Chemistry 2801 Market St Camp Hill Penna. Hensel, Thomas Allen Chemistry 221 Market St Williamstown Penna. Hudyma, Jean Ella Psychology 706 Hill St Lebanon Penna. Keiper, William Lewis Pre-Medical .... 722 Guilford St Lebanon Penna. Mease, Carolyn Lydia Pre-Medical 1010 Sigsbee PI., N.E. .Washington D. C. Mullin, John William Chemistry 418 West High St Hummelstown Penna. Myers, Mary Elizabeth Psychology 14 East Chestnut St. . . Lebanon Penna. 101 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE NAME MAJOR STREET NUMBER POST OFFICE STATE Parmer, Charles Edward History Grantville Penna. Quickel, Madalyn Virginia Psychology 2026 Bellevue Road Harrisburg Penna. Rasher, Joye Ann Chemistry 2302 Edgewood Road. .Harrisburg Penna. Ross, Martha Isabel Psychology Elmlock, R. D. #2 Myerstown Penna. Saurman, Nancy Chemistry 334 Greenwood Ave Wyncote Penna. Sheetz, David Patrick Chemistry Colebrook Penna. Shupper, Frank History 568 West Scott Ave Rahway N. J. Smith, Dorothy May English 453 New St Lebanon Penna. Stonecipher, Evelyn Marie Bus. Admin 723 East Maple St Annville Penna. Zerbe, Richard Stanton Chemistry Schaefferstown Penna. FRESHMEN Albert, Luke Samuel B.S 104 East Cherry St. . . .Palmyra Penna. Barnhart, Florence Elizabeth Mathematics 150 College Ave Annville Penna. Biely, Rena Mae Mathematics 421 East Walnut St.. . .Lebanon Penna. Billow, Ruth Isabel Biology 2419 North 5th St Harrisburg Penna. Boeddinghaus, Carolyn A.B 125 Hillside Ave Metuchen N. J. Bush, Betty Eleanore Pre-Lab. Tech Tower City Penna. Clements, Doris Helen A.B 845 Hummel Ave Lemoyne Penna. DeWees, Leon Albert Greek.. . ._ 284 Moore St Millersburg Penna. Dunham, John Whitman Bus. Admin Florin Penna. Fickes, Vernon Merle Greek 124 Chestnut St Mechanicsburg Penna. Frank, Mary Elizabeth A.B 311 Eutaw St New Cumberland. .Penna. Frock, Elaine Louise B.S 503 Carlisle St Hanover Penna. Gamber, Peter, Jr Physics 1017 Lehman St Lebanon Penna. Grove, Neff Alvin Chemistry 208 N. Franklin St Red Lion Penna. Heckman, Francis Austin Chemistry 206 East Liberty St.. . .Schuylkill Haven. . .Penna. Heilman, Nancy Elaine Pre-Medical. . . .237 East Maple St Cleona Penna. Himmelberger, Harry John Paul . . . Greek. 351 N. 8th St., Apt. IB . Lebanon Penna. Hyman, Doris Louise Chemistry 1019 South 18th St Harrisburg Penna. Ikeda, Kenjiro Bus. Admin 330 East 57th St New York City N. Y. Kauffman, Earl Fry Physics 427 East Main St Annville Penna. Keener, Betty Arlene Pre-Lab. Tech.. .2549 North 6th St Harrisburg Senna. Keperling, Ira Clay Greek 101 High St Duncannon Penna. Kilheffer, Barbara Ann Chemistry 1602 Bridge St New Cumberland.. .Penna. Kline, Joyce Marian A.B 306 Front St Marysville Penna. Kreider, Henry Ellis Psychology Campbelltown Penna. Kreider, Howard Bucher, Jr B.S R. D. #1. Annville Penna. Lambros, Phyllis Elpis Pre-Nursing. . . .58 East Irvin Ave Hagerstown Md. Lawhead, Joanna Rae Pre-Lab. Tech.. .223 North State St Ephrata Penna. Leo, Marguerite Dorothy Bus. Admin 218 Second Ave Haddon Heights N. J. Light, Myrle Kathlyn Pre-Nursing .... 940 Cumberland St. . . . Lebanon Penna. Miller, Pearl Suvilla Mathematics 2 Ehrhorn St Lebanon Penna. Newman, Doris Lee English 708 Sunset Ave Hagerstown Md. Page, Mrs. Lillian R Pre-Medical .... 434 Albright Ave Allentown Penna. Rhoads, Ella Kathryn Pre-Lab. Tech.. .R. D. #1 Gap Penna. Ruth, Jane A.B 128 East Locust St Lebanon Penna. Rutherford, Samuel James Chemistry 2902 Brisbane St Harrisburg Penna. Schaffer, Betty Bus. Admin 631 Chestnut St Lebanon Penna. Schmidt, Martha Joyce Pre-Medical. . . .630 Benton St Harrisburg Penna. Schmittel, Lorna Eutzy Pre-Medical. . . .811 S. Front St Harrisburg Penna. Seibert, Robert Lyman B.S Cleona Penna. Seiders, Marlin David Greek 486 East Main St Middletown Penna. Sharp, Thelma Mae .A.B 1420 N. Robinson St.. .Philadelphia Penna. Shenk, Ira James Physics R. D. #4 Lebanon Penna. Shumate, Iris Opal Mathematics Kirkwood Penna. Sourbier, Robert Joseph Pre-Medical 136 Shell St Progress: Penna. Stahl, Maryruth A.B 166 West Grand Ave. . . Tower City Penna. Stanton, Marjorie Mae English 23 W. Sheridan Ave Annville Penna. Strickler, Andrew Philip Bible Jonestown Penna. Urich, Frank Edwin History 136 South 3rd St Lebanon Penna. Vought, Virginia Mae Chemistry 227 South 20th St Harrisburg Penna. Walter, Nellie Marilyn Pre-Medical 361 North 8th St Lebanon Penna. Webster, Patricia Jean Pre-Nursing . . . . R. D. #1 New Cumberland . . . Penna. Whitman, Ruth Eleanor Chemistry Rexmont Penna. Winklebleck, Betty Arlene Bus. Admin Jonestown Penna. Withers, Irene May Chemistry 46 S. Franklin St Dallastown Penna. Wolfe, Nancy Ellen Biology 2309 Oak wood Rd Harrisburg Penna. Zehner, Kathryn Mae Pre-Medical 949 North 9th St Reading Penna. Zeigler, Harold Edwin Greek 101 High St Duncannon Penna. Zengerle, Joseph Thomas A.B 564 East Maple St Annville Penna. Ziegler, Rhoda Mae A.B 706 East Maple St Annville Penna. 102 CATALOGUE SPECIALS NAME MAJOR STREET NUMBER POST OFFICE STATE Moody, Mrs. Leocadia 2327 Norton St Rochester N. Y. CONSERVATORY OF MUSIC SENIORS Bartels, Patricia Marie Mus. Ed 216 Java Ave Hershey Penna. Brown, Mary Jane Mus. Ed Paradise Penna. Corbalis, Berenice Louise Mus. Ed 1608 Perkiomen Ave. . .Reading Penna. Gooden, Elizabeth Anna Mus. Ed. King's Highway Dover Del. Hiester, Evelyn Catherine Mus. Ed 130 Harris St Cleona Penna. Houser, Maeredith LaVerne Mus. Ed 218 West Main St Annville Penna. Jones, Miriam Lyter Mus. Ed 3605 North 5th St Harrisburg Penna. Koury, Sarah Evelyn Mus. Ed 2420 A North 5th St.. .Harrisburg Penna. Mohler, Charlotte Kathryn Mus. Ed Berkshire Heights. .Penna. Moyer, Elizabeth Mus. Ed Route #2 .Hershey Penna. Reinhold, Frances Rosalie Mus. Ed 301 Lehman St Lebanon Penna. Stahl, Janice Marie Mus. Ed 30 W. Chocolate Ave. .. Hershey Penna. Sterner, Doris Jean Mus. Ed 3559 Oak St Laureldale Penna. 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Butt, Betty Jean Mus. Ed East Berlin Penna. Dazgich, Nikolai D Mus. Ed 218 East Weidman St. . Lebanon Penna. Dickel, Helen Lucile Mus. Ed 204 West Main St New Bloomfield Penna. Emerich, Mildred Mae Mus. Ed 418 Dock St Schuylkill Haven. . .Penna. Eyster, Kathleen Mae Mus. Ed R. D. #2 Dover Penna. Flinchbaugh, Gladys Erdine Mus. Ed 630 South Main St Red Lion Penna. Gingrich, Betty Jane Mus. Ed 232 East Main St Palmyra Penna. Goodling, Lois Marie Mus. Ed 700 North George St.. .York Penna. Johns, Nancy Virginia Mus. Ed 306 South 4th St Lebanon Penna. Kauffman, Miriam Jeanne Mus. Ed 428 S. West End Ave. .. Lancaster Penna. Kitchen, Winifred Jeanne Mus. Ed. 83 North 16th St Harrisburg Penna. Kolb, Barbara Ruth Mus. Ed 427 Clement Road Jenkintown Penna. Palmer, Mildred Mabelle Mus. Ed 363 Jackson St New Holland Penna. Schade, Marion Lucille Mus. Ed 230 South 9^1 St Lebanon Penna. Schlosser, Arlene Betty Mus. Ed R. D .#2 Myerstown Penna. Schott, Sara Amanda Mus. Ed R. F. D. #5 Lebanon Penna. Spitler, Evelyn Armistina Mus. Ed 115 East Main St Palmyra Penna. Strauss, Elinor Frances Mus. Ed Jonestown Penna. FRESHMEN Beechey, Vivian Joyce Mus. Ed 1613 Green St Harrisburg Penna. Cappelli, Calvin Coolidge Mus. Ed 562 W. Chocolate Ave. Hershey Penna. Dishong, Grace Amanda Mus. Ed Box 48 Cornwall Penna. Eckert, Mary Jane Mus. Ed 421 Franklin St West Reading Penna. Fister, Sylvia Sue Mus. Ed 132 Clymer St Reading Penna. Flinchbaugh, Mary Jane Mas. Ed 32 Howard St Dallastown Penna. Garis, Mary Kathleen Mus. Ed 104 West Spring St Reading Penna, 103 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE NAME MAJOR STREET NUMBER POST OFFICE STATE Gearhart, Ruth Evelyn Mus. Ed Blue Ridge Summit. Penna. Grube, Mary Louise Mus. Ed Landisville Penna. Hackman, Dorothy Joline Mus. Ed..-. 364 Main St Denver Penna. Horst, Elizabeth Jane Mus. Ed Goodville Penna. Kauffman, Dorothy May Mus. Ed 136 East Maple St Lebanon Penna. Long, Mary Helen Mus. Ed 124 East Cherry St. . . .Palmyra Penna. Myer, Charlotte Jean Mus. Ed R. D. #3 Chambersburg Penna. Neff, Mildred Arlene Mus. Ed 118 East South St York Penna. Nester, Constance Veronica Mus. Ed 1947 Woodvale Ave Mt. Penn, Reading . Penna. Smith, Corinne Cecelia Mus. Ed 10 North 9th St Lebanon Penna. Smith, Margaret Elizabeth Mus. Ed Davidsville Penna. Stahle, Noel Zuver Mus. Ed 132 Poplar Ave Hummelstown Penna. Strassburger, Dorothy Louise Mus. Ed Mifflintown Penna. Wehry, Miriam Rebecca Mus. Ed R. D. #1 Summit Station Penna. Zeigler, Evelyn Elizabeth Mus. Ed R. D. #2 Harrisburg Penna. Zellers, Sara Anne Mus. Ed 414 New Holland Ave. . Lancaster Penna. Zimmerman, Thelma Fay Mus. Ed Box 28 Fredericksburg Penna. SPECIALS— Part-time Acres, Barbara Piano 3 East High St Lebanon Penna. Adair, Terry Violin East Maple St.. . Annville Penna. Aungst, Ann Collins Violin Hershey Industrial Sch. Hershey Penna. Bailey, Kent Violin 403 East Main St Annville Penna. Baker, Iris Clarinet 706 Maple St Annville Penna. Behm, Mary Ann Piano 910 Elizabeth St Lebanon Penna. Bickel, Betty K Piano 101 E. Chestnut St Lebanon Penna. Biely, Alden Piano 421 East Walnut St Lebanon Penna. Black, Betty Clarinet 440 Maple St Annville Penna. Black, Mary Piano 440 Maple St Annville Penna. Black, William Piano 210 East Main St Annville Penna. Blauch, Sarah R Voice 219 East Maple St Annville Penna. Boeddinghaus, Carolyn Voice, Chorus, Sight Singing . 125 Hillside Ave Metuchen N. J. Boger, J. Neil Voice 341 Cumberland St. . . . Lebanon Penna. Boger, June A Clarinet 125 N. Railroad St Annville Penna. Bolan, Dorothea Piano 1237 Colebrook Rd Lebanon Penna. Bomberger, Marian Piano Cleona Penna. Bowman, Gene G Piano 15 West Main St Palmyra Penna. Bowman, James Piano 106 N. Lincoln St Palmyra Penna. Bowman, Marie M Piano 110 East High St Lebanon Penna. Bowman, Nancy Piano 15 West Main St Palmyra Penna. Boyer, Vera Organ 849 East Main St Annville Penna. Bratton, Lavinia Piano 16 East Poplar St Lebanon Penna. Brooks, Carol Piano 20 East High St Lebanon Penna. Brubaker, Lucy Ann Violin 125 West Main St Annville Penna. Coleman, Priscilla Piano 31 South 2nd St Lebanon Penna. Cook, Hattie Ruth Piano 40 East Cherry St Palmyra Penna. Cook, Mabel Cornet 40 East Cherry St Palmyra Penna. Copenhaver, Leroy Cornet 103 South 4th St Lebanon Penna. Cox, Ralph Cornet 242 East Maple St Lebanon Penna. Daubert, James Cornet 242 N. Railroad St Palmyra Penna. Daubert, Jean Marie Voice 242 N. Railroad St Palmyra Penna. Daugherty, Warren Piano 1031 Poplar St Lebanon Penna. Davis, Richard Piano R. D. #5 Lebanon Penna. Dellinger, Helen Violin, Piano 302 East Mifflin St Lebanon Penna. Deraco, Kathryn Organ, Piano ... 814 North 7th St Lebanon Penna. Drake, Mrs. Janet Hartz Voice Palmyra Penna. Dubson, Jacqueline Piano West Sheridan Ave Annville Penna. Eckert, Betsy Voice, Piano. . . .14 East Walnut St Lebanon Penna. Evelev, Dorothy L Voice 619 Walnut St Lebanon Penna. Fencil, Gladys M Piano 128 East Main St Annville Penna. Fetteroff, Drew Cornet 513 East Main St Annville Penna. Frantz, Priscilla Flute 230 South 8th St Lebanon Penna. Frederick, Stanley Clarinet, Piano. .502 East Main St Annville Penna. Frederick, Virginia Piano, Violin 502 East Main St Annville Penna. Fritz, Edwin Piano 1100 E. Lehman St. . . .Lebanon Penna. Frock, Elaine Louise Voice 503 Carlisle St Hanover .Penna. Gerhart, Grace Organ Jonestown '. .Penna. Gingrich, Lillian Piano R. D. #2 Palmyra Penna. Hainly, Betty.. Piano Campbelltown Penna. Hains, Jacqueline Piano 1322 King St Avon Penna. 104 CATALOGUE NAME MAJOR STREET NUMBER POST OFFICE STATE Hall, Anna Fae Piano 128 East Main St Palmyra Penna. Hall, Franklin Trumpet 128 East Main St Palmyra Penna. Hanford, Pamela Piano R. D. #1 Hummelstown Penna. Hensel, Thomas A Voice 221 Market St Williamstown Penna. Hess, Catherine Voice Jonestown Penna. Hoffman, Samuel Voice 325 East Cherry St Palmyra Penna. Hollinger, Richard Trumpet 663 Maple St Annville Penna. Houser, Catherine Voice 218 West Main St Annville Penna. Killian, Ruth Edith Organ 533 Locust St Lebanon Penna. Kindt, Robert Cornet 250 S. White Oak St.. . .Annville Penna. Kohr, Glen Cornet 40 Mifflin St Lebanon Penna. Kreider, Edwin Piano North Lancaster St. . . .Annville Penna. Kreider, Judith Piano 490 Maple St Annville Penna. Kreider, Lawrence Drums 490 Maple St Annville Penna. Kreider, Winifred Piano 211 East Main St Palmyra Penna. Kuntz, June Piano Union Deposit Penna. Lehman, Erma Violin 29 West Sheridan Ave. .Annville Penna. Leno, Gloria Voice 428 East Cherry St Palmyra Penna. Light, Eleanore Catherine Piano 304 East Main St Annville Penna. Light, Louise Piano Cornwall Penna. Light, Nancy C Voice 364 North 8th St Lebanon Penna. Ludwig, Emily Piano 422 Weidman St Lebanon Penna. Mathias, Mary Lee Piano R. D. #4 Lebanon Penna. Matz, Patricia Piano 519 Maple St Annville Penna. Maurer, Eloise Piano 1544 Oak St Lebanon Penna. Meyer, Mary Lou Piano R. D. #3 Lebanon Penna. Meyer, Morris A., Jr Piano R. D. #3 Lebanon Penna. Meyer, Nancy Piano R. D. #3 Lebanon Penna. Miller, Gloria Piano 121 West Penn Ave.. . .Cleona Penna. Miller, Janet Violin East Maple St Annville Penna. Miller, Mrs. Josephine Y. Voice 217 E. Maple St Annville Penna. Miller, Kay Piano 529 East Maple St Annville Penna. Miller, Owen D Cornet 217 Maple St Annville Penna. Miller, Mrs. Paul Piano 346 North 9th St Lebanon Penna. Miller, Richard Piano R. D Jonestown Penna. Moyer, Dorothy E Voice 327 East Maple St Annville Penna. Moyer, Nancy Violin, Piano R. D. #2 Hershey Penna. Nagle, Elliot. Clarinet 327 East Main St Annville Penna. Newman, Doris Piano 708 Sunset Ave Hagerstown Md. Nye, Jean Louise Piano, Voice .... 330 East Main St Annville Penna. Page, Mrs. Lillian R Voice, Harmony .47 E. Sheridan Ave. . . . Annville Penna. Paine, Donald Piano 426 North 8th St Lebanon Penna. Raab, Yvonne Voice, Harmony, Hist, of Music. R. D. #1 Dallastown Penna. Raymaley, Joanne Piano 500 North 8th St Lebanon Penna. Reber, James Cornet 411 E. Chestnut St Lebanon Penna. Risser, Florence Piano R. D. #5 Lebanon Penna. Risser, Roger Piano R. D. #4 Lebanon Penna. Rohland, Henry Piano 235 Walnut St Lebanon Penna. Rohland, John Violin, Piano. . . .235 Walnut St Lebanon Penna. Royer, Mary Alice Piano 317 Canal St Lebanon Penna. Schindel, William H Piano 23 East Irvin Ave Hagerstown Md. Schwalm, Forrest Cornet 320 E. Chestnut St Lebanon Penna. Schwartz, Elizabeth Piano 124 East Locust St Lebanon Penna. Schwartz, William Piano 124 East Locust St Lebanon Penna. Seltzer, James Cornet 242 West Main St Annville Penna. Shaak, Robert Violin 52 N. Lancaster St Annville Penna. Sholley, Irma Piano Hershey Penna. Shroyer, Ann Piano 83 E. Sheridan Ave.. . .Annville Penna. Shroyer, Frances Piano 83 E. Sheridan Ave.. . .Annville Penna. Shutter, Gloria Voice 22 N. Lincoln St Palmyra Penna. Silberman, Jack Cornet 246 West Main St Annville Penna. Smith, Joan Violin 19 Church St Annville Penna. Smith, Marjorie Ann Piano 10 North 9th St Lebanon Penna. Snoke, Doris Clarinet 228 South 6th St Lebanon Penna. Stambach, Arthur W Cornet, Hist, of Music Dallastown Penna. Starr, Kathleen Piano, Flute. . . .631 East Maple St Annville Penna. Struble, George Waring Piano, Cello. . . .27 North Ulrich St Annville Penna. Struble, Marian Trygve Piano 27 North Ulrich St Annville Penna. Treiber, Ronald Cornet 245 West Main St Annville Penna. Wagner, Virginia Clarinet, Piano. . 124 College Ave Annville Penna. Wenger, Doris Piano Fredericksburg Penna. 105 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE NAME MAJOR STREET NUMBER POST OFFICE STATE Wildermuth, Emma Piano 432 East Market St Pottsville Penna. Zerbe, Richard S Piano, Organ, Clarinet Schaefferstown Penna. Zerbe, Mary Fae Piano Schaefferstown Penna. Zimmerman, Esther M Voice, Organ 3009 Walnut St Harrisburg Penna. EVENING CLASSES Auchey, Estella Marie 1102 North 3rd St Harrisburg Penna. Aulenbach, Jane M 539 Spruce St Lebanon Penna. Aulenbach, Mary Ellen 539 Spruce St Lebanon Penna. Bender, Kathryn 1546 Walnut St Lebanon Penna. Bingaman, Margaret Frances Route #1 Sheridan Penna. Bitting, Mrs. Jane S Marysville Penna. Blanken, Robert 915 Lehman St Lebanon Penna. Bomgardner, Doris M 553 N. Railroad St Palmyra Penna. Bucher, G. Harold R. D. #1 Annville Penna. Carr, Doris L 807 Federal St Lebanon Penna. Catus, Mrs. Frances 705 North 17th St Harrisburg Penna. Cauffman, Mrs. Alta Feeser 2407 Walnut St Harrisburg Penna. Conover, Leslie F 3531 Rutherford St Harrisburg Penna. Danner, Mrs. Margaret Mae 710 Chestnut St Lebanon Penna. Darkes, Mrs. Ethel Hower R. F. D. #2 Lebanon Penna. Ditzler, Herbert E R. D. #2 Jonestown Penna. Dunkle, Anna Barnet 201 North Front St. . . .Steelton Penna. Eberly, Eugenia R. D. #1 Sheridan Penna. Eberly, Hugh R. D. #1 Sheridan Penna. Ebling, Russell B Richland Penna. Ehrgott, Mrs. Agnes G 47 Lehman St Lebanon Penna. Ellenberger, Joseph V R. D. # 1 Annville Penna. Erdman, Fred J 726 Lehman St Lebanon Penna. Gaskins, Charles E 635 Chestnut St Lebanon Penna. Gass, Mrs. Esther Nissley 221 West Main St Myerstown Penna. Groff, Mrs. Leon 22 E. Carpenter Ave. . . Myerstown Penna. Heisey, Mrs. Anna King 100 Maple St Palmyra Penna. Heminway, Ruth E 520 East Cherry St. . . .Palmyra Penna. Hopple, Marlin E 230 South 6th St Lebanon Penna. Horst, John Alton Route #2 Myerstown Penna. Kauffman, Mrs. Cathryn 636 Walnut St Lebanon Penna. Kaufhold, Kathryn M 1536 North 5th St Harrisburg Penna. Kehm, William A., Jr 456 S. Pershing Ave York Penna. Keller, D. Pauline 520 East Cherry St Palmyra Penna. Keller, Margaret S Newmanstown Penna. Lesher, Cora E 948 West Main St Palmyra Penna. March, Dorothy Louise 205 South 9th St Lebanon Penna. Marshall, Zelda S 124 North 8th St Lebanon Penna. McDowell, Olive M State Hospital Harrisburg Penna. Miller, Richard Stanford R. D. # 1 Jonestown Penna. Miller, Mrs. Ruth Essick Route #3 Lebanon Penna. Moyer, Mrs. June E 420 S. Lincoln St Palmyra Penna. Neese, John L., Jr Post Finance Office. . . .Indiantown Gap Penna. Radcliffe, Warren K 244 South 5th St Lebanon Penna. Ross, Helen B R. D. #2 Myerstown Penna. Rotondaro, Mrs. Lillian O'Brien 1102 North 3rd St Harrisburg Penna. Sanders, Harry E 13th & Liberty Sts Harrisburg Penna. Shelhamer, Feme R Richland Penna. Shields, Paul A .Locust La. & Wood St. . Harrisburg Penna. Smith, DonaldS 49 Trinidad Ave Hershey Penna. Snyder, William 241 Mifflin St Lebanon Penna. Staik, Leila Marguerite 520 East Cherry St Palmyra Penna. Thompson, Helynn M 2314 Hoffer St Penbrook Penna. Troutman, Irene M Richland Penna. Tulli, Gilda Madlin Swatara Station Penna. Wagner, Sara K Pine Grove Penna. Wisler, Mildred A 217 Cocoa Ave Hershey Penna. EXTENSION COURSES Alleman, Mrs. Elsie B 1440 Derry St Harrisburg Penna. Allen, Raymond C 3214 Third St Harrisburg Penna. Auchey, Estella Marie 1102 North 3rd St Harrisburg Penna. , Charlotte S 1208 North 16th St.. . .Harrisburg Penna. 1Q<5 CATALOGUE NAME STREET NUMBER POST OFFICE STATE Barry, Mary A 1323 Vernon St Harrisburg Penna. Beal, Willie Mae R. D. #86 Harrisburg Penna. Beard, M. Margaret 8 Jury St Highspire Penna. Behman, Mrs. Gerald 555 North 2nd St Steelton Penna. Cauffman, Mrs. Alta Feeser 2407 Walnut St Harrisburg Penna. Coates, Helene V 110 Linden St Harrisburg Penna. Conley, Mrs. Carrie Fisher 309 Reno St New Cumberland. . .Penna. Cooper, Janet Targan 2427 North 2nd St Harrisburg Penna. Crayton, Mrs. Pearl M 421 Lincoln St Steelton Penna. Croft, Dorothy Margaret 519 Kelker St Harrisburg Penna. Croft, Paul 519 Kelker St Harrisburg Penna. Cummings, Louise Eleanor Y. W. C. A Harrisburg Penna. Dennis, Edith A 1006 North 6th St Harrisburg Penna. Deubel, Dorris V Colonial Park Harrisburg Penna. DeWalt, Helen E 211 Pine St Harrisburg Penna. Dobbs, Mrs. Betty Gravell 1517 North 2nd St Harrisburg Penna. Drawbaugh, Betty L 541 Market St New Cumberland. . .Penna. Dunkle, Anna B 201 North Front St. . . . Steelton Penna. Elliott, Barbara S 3533 Brisban St Harrisburg Penna. Faust, Isabelle E 2612 Lexington St Harrisburg Penna. Flood, James E 414 N. Harrisburg St.. .Steelton Penna. Gates, K. Weeonna 202 Eleventh St New Cumberland. . .Penna. Gilbert, June R 135 S. Landis St Hummelstown Penna. Greene, Virginia E 605 North 2nd St Harrisburg Penna. Hart, Mrs. Janet Stauffer 3823 Locust Lane Harrisburg Penna. Hartman, Dorothy 1 144 Altoona Ave Enola Penna. Heseltine, Mary 1206 Chestnut St Harrisburg Penna. Hoey, Mrs. Mary Beck 1943 Green St Harrisburg Penna. Johnson, Hazel A 1535 North 4th St Harrisburg Penna. Jones, Edith A 1917 North 2nd St Harrisburg Penna. Kaufhold, Kathryn M 1536 North 5th St Harrisburg Penna. Keller, E. Louise 240 West Main St Hummelstown Penna. Kitchen, Winifred E 83 North 16th St Harrisburg Penna. Klein, Mrs. Milton Harrisburger Hotel. . . .Harrisburg Penna. Knuth, Rudolph Henry 1001 North 3rd St Steelton Penna. Laundman, Ella 1327 North 2nd St Harrisburg Penna. Launer, Feme E 3911 Jonestown Rd.. . .Harrisburg Penna. Luse, Gladys L 205 Clay St West Fairview Penna. Marhan, Julia W 230 North 2nd St Harrisburg Penna. Matthews, Mary J 1316 Vernon St Harrisburg Penna. McDowell, Olive M State Hospital Harrisburg Penna. McNeal, Esther C 3606 Cloverfield Rd. . . .Harrisburg Penna. Meily, Madeline Mary 205 North 26th St Camp Hill Penna. Miller, Hazel I Women's Club Hershey Penna. Miller, Jean Adair 2705 Locust Lane Penbrook Penna. Moran, Florence 3501 Derry St Harrisburg Penna. Morter, Ethel Grace Route #3 Waynesboro Penna. Nesanger, Eleanor E 214 Woodbine St Harrisburg Penna. Patterson, Viola Snowden 206 North 25th St Camp Hill Penna. Phillips, Margrette Hess 2027 Whitehall St Harrisburg Penna. Phillips, Mrs. R. W 1849 Whitehall St Harrisburg Penna. Poindexter, Mrs. Rhena Miller 113 E. Keller St Mechanicsburg Penna. Polek, Helen J 1013 North 2nd St Harrisburg Penna. Poller, Claire 2331 North 2nd St Harrisburg Penna. Porter, Laura J Potato Valley Road Linglestown Penna. Quickel, Mrs. Helen 2026 Bellevue Road Harrisburg Penna. Rabinowitz, Ruth 1832-A North 3rd St. . . Harrisburg Penna. Reider, Charlotte E Route #1 Middletown Penna. Rich, Julia C. 278 Briggs St Harrisburg Penna. Rinfret, Marian Landis Dauphin Penna. Roth, Betty June 136 East High St Carlisle Penna. Rotondaro, Lillian O'Brien 1102 North 3rd St Harrisburg Penna. Sanders, Mrs. Grace E 400 West Main St Hummelstown Penna. Sanders, Harry E 13th & Liberty Sts .... Harrisburg Penna. Schwab, Mildred M 2206 North 3rd St Harrisburg Penna. Seiders, Grace Elizabeth R. D. # 1 Halifax Penna. Shields, Paul A Locust La.& Wood St. . Harrisburg Penna. Smith, Donald S 49 Trinidad Ave Hershey Penna. Sprague, Janet Mathis 3020 Market St Camp Hill Penna. Stemler, HettyeE.. 1720 State St Harrisburg Penna. Talbot, Louis L 1007 North Front St.. .Harrisburg Penna. Thompson, Helynn N 234 Hoffer St Penbrook Penna. Toms, Mrs. Mary H 1717 Sycamore St Harrisburg Penna. 107 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE NAME STREET NUMBER POST OFFICE STATE Weld, Mina J. 2464 North 6th St Harrisburg Penna. Williams, Evelyn 22 South 16th St Harrisburg Penna. Woodward, Florence C 1013 North 2nd St . . . .Harrisburg Penna. Wright, Mrs. Betty Lindemuth 109 W. Main St Mechanicsburg Penna. Yarwood, Mrs. R. H 1014 South 18th St Harrisburg Penna. SUMMER SESSION, 1944 Adams, Anne 661 South 6th St Steelton Penna. Aplas, Charles C 21 South 6th St Lebanon Penna. Armstrong, Mrs. Thelma S 3116 North 4th St Harrisburg Penna. Baer, Earnest Earl 235 Park Ave Hummelstown Penna. Barnhart, Florence Elizabeth 150 College Ave Annville Penna. Bartels, Patricia M '. 216 Java Ave Hershey Penna. Bashore, Robert Merle, Jr 110 East Oak St Palmyra Penna. Bechtel, Lucille L 20 Fairview St Boyertown Penna. Beittel, Dale Russel 2001 North 3rd St Harrisburg Penna. Bickel, George Washington, Jr 33 South Locust St Lititz Penna. Boger, Louise A 121 Railroad St Annville Penna. Bowman, Gene Gruber 15 West Main St Palmyra Penna. Boyer, Donald Stanley 429 North 8th St Lebanon Penna. Brandt, Rosanna Meyer R. D. #3 Lebanon Penna. Cagnoli, Norma Jean 330 West Caracas Ave. Hershey Penna. Cappelli, Calvin Coolidge 562 W. Chocolate Ave. . Hershey Penna. Cappelli, Mary 562 W. Chocolate Ave. .Hershey Penna. Carson, Burton E Hotel Weimer Lebanon Penna. Caton, Earl T., Jr 218 Hamilton St Harrisburg Penna. Class, Mrs. Mildred W 326 North 15th St New Cumberland. . .Penna. Cliffe, Virginia Hughes Granada Ave Hershey Penna. Coles, June Esther 184 Washington St Carbondale Penna. Corbalis, Berenice 1608 Perkiomen Ave. . .Reading Penna. Core, Helen Louise 2341 Green St Harrisburg Penna. Cover, Richard Edward 108 East Poplar St Lebanon Penna. Cox, Dorothy May 734 North 3rd St Reading Penna. Crist, Robert Paul 136 East Caracas Ave. . Hershey Penna. Danner, Mrs. Margaret M 710 Chestnut St Lebanon Penna. Darkes, Mrs. Ethel Hower R. F. D. #2 Lebanon Penna. Detweiler, John Adam, Jr 114 East Maple St Palmyra Penna. DiNunzio, Joan Marie 911 Chestnut St Lebanon Penna. Dunham, John Whitman Centre St Aristes Penna. Early, Edna M 101 North Grant St Palmyra Penna. Evelev, Dorothy L 619 Walnut St Lebanon Penna. Fehr, Blanche E 101 North Grant St Palmyra Penna. Ficco, Violet Marie 11 Mill St Hershey Penna. Flinchbaugh, James Edward R. D. # 1 Dallastown Penna. Flurer, Francis George 14 South Vine St Mount Carmel Penna. Frank, Patrick Joseph 15 South 2nd St Lebanon Penna. Frantz, Marjorie Louise 230 South 8th St Lebanon Penna. Gable, John Henry R. D. #3 Lebanon Penna. Gass, Esther Nissley 221 West Main St Myerstown Penna. Gillespie, Blanche 822 Mary St Houtzdale Penna. Gingrich, Ada R R. D. #3 Lebanon Penna. Gingrich, Junior Russell 232 East Main St Palmyra Penna. Glen, Margaret A 734 North 3rd St Reading Penna. Gooden, Elizabeth Anna King's Highway Dover Del. Goodling, Lois Marie 700 North George St.. .York Penna. Goodman, Virginia 216 East Main St Annville Penna. Gress, Mrs. Mildred M 30 Harris St Cleona Penna. Gruman, Gerald 217 South 8th St Lebanon Penna. Hartman, John 234 West 2nd St Mt. Carmel Penna. Hartman, Samuel Allen, 2nd 204 East Main St Palmyra Penna. Hensel, Thomas 221 Market St Williamstown Penna. Herr, Edythe Pauline R. D. #4 Lebanon Penna. Hollinger, Edna Mae R. D. #2 Greencastle Penna. Huss, Geraldine Rider 150 S. Hanover St Hummelstown Penna. Jacobs, Mrs. Sherwood B 2650 Walnut St Penbrook Penna. Jefferson, Miriam E 1201 E. Cumberland St. Avon Penna. Karre, Ruth L : 232 Oak Terrace Mt. Perm, Reading . Penna. Kauffman, Gerald Donald York St Manchester Md. Kaufhold, Kathryn M 1536 North 5th St Harrisburg Penna. Keifer, William L 722 Guilford St Lebanon Penna. Keller, Theodore D 943 Willow St Lebanon Penna. 108 CATALOGUE NAME STREET NUMBER POST OFFICE STATE Keperling, Ira Clay R. D. #1 Washington Boro. ..Penna. King, Eleanor G 100 S. Maple St Palmyra Penna. Kiscadden, Norma 315 North 11th St Lebanon Penna. Klick, Johann Louise 908 Walnut St Lebanon Penna. Koury, Sarah Evelyn 2420-A North 5th St. . . Harrisburg Penna. Kreider, Howard B., Jr R. D. # 1 Annville Penna. Landis, Dorothy Hope 9 N. Railroad St Myerstown Penna. Lefever, Grace B 1236 East King St Lancaster Penna. Levitz, Blossom Rachelle 128 Cumberland St. . . . Lebanon Penna. McDonald, Jacqueline A 236 Chestnut St Lebanon Penna. McGeehin, Sara Ellen 311 Cook Ave Ridgway Penna. Miller, Emma Catharine 1433 West Market St.. .York Penna. Miller, Hazel I Women's Club Hershey Penna. Mohler, Charlotte 913 Wyomissing Blvd. .Berkshire Heights . . Penna. Moyer, Dorothy Elizabeth 327 East Maple St Annville Penna. Moyer, Mary Elizabeth 125N. Railroad St Myerstown Penna. Mullin, John William 418 West High St Hummelstown Penna. Mumma, L. Christine 220 Chestnut St Lebanon Penna. Myers, Charlotte Jean R. D. #3 Chambersburg Penna. Nissley, Erma M 503 East Main St Middletown Penna. Parmer, Charles E Grantville Penna. Penturelli, Bernardo Temple Penna. Phillips, Mrs. Margrette Hess 2027 Whitehall St Harrisburg Penna. Raab, Yvonne L Dallastown Penna. Raby, Earl Stephen 102 N. Church St Waynesboro Penna. Romig, Marian 123 Cocoa Ave Hershey Penna. Rowe, Mary Jane R. D. # 1 Chambersburg Penna. Sanders, Harry E 13th & Liberty Sts Harrisburg Penna. Saylor, Clyde John 724 Chestnut St Lebanon Penna. Schaeffer, Clare Cecilia 579 Guilford St Lebanon Penna. Schmidt, Martha Joyce 630 Benton St Harrisburg Penna. Schmittel, Mrs. Lorna Eutzy 811 South Front St. . . .Harrisburg Penna. Schreiber, Mrs. Nancy Kreider Route #5 Lebanon Penna. Seidel, Richard D 403 South 5th St West Reading Penna. Seiders, Marlin David 486 East Main St Middletown Penna. Sheetz, David Patrick Colebrook Penna. Sheetz, S. Elizabeth Colebrook Penna. Sheridan, Mrs. Marion L 450 Third St Lemoyne Penna. Shields, H. Morrell 419 Columbia Ave Mt. Joy Penna. Smith, Donald S 49 Trinidad Ave Hershey Penna. Smoker, John L Intercourse Penna. Spangler, Grace E R. D. #2 Gettysburg Penna. Spittal, David South Fork Penna. Stahl, Janice M 30 W. Chocolate Ave. . . Hershey Penna. Stambach, Arthur William 135 W. Simpson St Mechanicsburg Penna. Stanton, Marjorie Mae . . . . • 23 W. Sheridan Ave. . . . Annville Penna. Stonecipher, Evelyn Marie 723 E. Maple St Annville Penna. Stoner, Rachael Isabelle 5 West Main St Hummelstown Penna. Tulli, Gilda Madlin Swatara Station. . . . Penna. Ulmer, Marian Elenore R. D. #1 Phoenixville Penna. Wagner, George R. D. #1 Myerstown Penna. Weber, Martin Raymond 2650 North 3rd St Harrisburg Penna. Wenger, Eugene Boyer R. D. #3 Lebanon Penna. Wentling, Stanley Anson, Jr 514 Lincoln St Palmyra Penna. Whybrew, Walter H Unadilla N. Y. Wieland, Mary Jane 204 E. Cherry St Palmyra Penna. Wikerd, Martha H R. D. #3 Lititz Penna. Withers, Edward D., Jr 96 Franklin St Dallastown Penna. Wolfe, Charles W. 1014 North 10th St. . . .Reading Penna. Zerbe, Richard S Schaefferstown Penna. Zimmerman, Esther Marie 3009 Walnut St Harrisburg Penna. SPECIAL STUDENTS,*CONSERVATORY OF MUSIC Aungst, Ann Collins Violin Middletown Penna. Blauch, Sarah Voice 219 Maple St Annville Penna. Boger, June A Clarinet 125 Railroad St Annville Penna. Bomgardner, Josephine Mae Voice 40 East Main St Palmyra Penna. Bowman, James J., Jr Piano 106 N. Lincoln St Palmyra Penna. Boyer, Vera Organ... it 849 East Main St Annville Penna. Brandt, Rosanna Voice, Piano. . . .R. D. #3 Lebanon Penna. Bratton, Lavinia Piano 16 East Poplar St Lebanon Penna. 109 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE NAME STREET NUMBER POST OFFICE STATE Butterwick, Helen Voice 218 Maple St Annville Penna. Cook, Hattie Ruth Organ 40 East Cherry St Palmyra Penna. Cook, Mabel Anna Trumpet 40 East Cherry St Palmyra Penna. Cook, Mrs. Ruth W Voice 40 East Cherry St Palmyra Penna. Cox, Ralph Cornet 142 East Maple St Lebanon Penna. Fawber, James Franklin Piano 123 School Plaza Hershey Penna. Fencil, Gladys M Piano 128 East Main St Annville Penna. Frantz, Priscilla Flute 230 South 8th St Lebanon Penna. Frederick, Stanley L Piano 548 Weidman St Lebanon Penna. Frederick, Virginia S Piano, Violin 548 Weidman St Lebanon Penna. Gerhart, Grace Organ Jonestown Penna. Hensel, Thomas Voice 221 Market St Williamstown Penna. Houser, Catharine Voice 218 West MaiD St Annville Penna. Lehman, Erma Violin 29 W. Sheridan Ave Annville Penna. Light, Nancy Voice 364 North 8th St Lebanon Penna. Long, Helen Organ Cherry St Palmyra Penna. Miller, Gloria Piano Cleona Penna. Miller, Janet Voice Palmyra Penna. Miller, Mrs. H. Josephine Voice 217 Maple St Annville Penna. Moyer, Elizabeth Ann Piano, Voice. . . .Route #2 Hershey Penna. Moyer, Nancy Piano R. D. #2 Hershey Penna. Nye, Jean Piano, Voice Annville Penna. Paine, Donald Piano 426 North 8th St Lebanon Penna. Peterson, Elizabeth Ann Voice Cornwall Penna. Reber, James Cornet East Chestnut St Lebanon Penna. Risser, Harold, Jr Flute R. D. #4 Lebanon Penna. Rohland, John Violin 235 Walnut St Lebanon Penna. Schott, Sara Violin R. D. #5 Lebanon Penna. Schwalm, Forrest Cornet 320 E. Chestnut St Lebanon Penna. Shaak, Robert Violin 52 N. Lancaster St Annville Penna. Smith, Joan Violin 19 Church St Annville Penna. Strickier, Marian Voice 203 Hathaway Park. . .Lebanon Penna. Struble, George W Cello 27 N. Ulrich St. ..:... . Annville Penna. Sn mm y, Helen H Voice 1103 Chestnut St Lebanon Penna. Waller, Jeanne A Piano 1885 S. Wood St Allentown Penna. Wildermuth, Emma Piano 432 East Market St Pottsville Penna. Zimmerman, Esther M Organ 3009 Walnut St Harrisburg Penna. 110 CATALOGUE SUMMARY COLLEGIATE YEAR, 1944-1945 FIRST SEMESTER Men Women Total College Seniors 6 13 19 Juniors 2 21 23 Sophomores 10 13 23 Freshmen 22 38 60 Specials . . 1 1 40 86 Conservatory of Music Seniors .. 14 14 Juniors 2 11 13 Sophomores 1 18 19 Freshmen 2 22 24 5 65 Total Specials in Music — Part-time 41 85 Evening and Saturday Classes 19 38 Extension Courses 8 74 Total in all Departments 113 348 Names repeated 7 16 Net Enrollment 106 332 Summer Session, 1944 College and Conservatory 49 76 125 Specials in Music 12 33 45 61 109 Total including Summer Session ._ 107 441 Names repeated in Summer Session 33 62 Net Enrollment including Summer Session 134 379 SUMMARY COLLEGIATE YEAR, 1943-1944 Men Women Total College Post-Graduate Students 1 . . 1 Seniors 22 17 39 Juniors 13 15 28 Sophomores 12 22 34 Freshmen 25 22 47 Specials 1 . . 1 74 76 Conservatory of Music Seniors . . 15 15 Juniors 14 14 Sophomores 3 15 18 Freshmen 7 19 26 Specials . . 1 1 10 64 Total Specials in Music — Part-time 35 70 Evening and Saturday Classes 23 38 Extension Courses (Off-Campus) 20 106 Total in all Departments 162 354 Names repeated 14 19 Net Enrollment 148 335 Summer Session, 1943 College and Conservatory 73 70 143 Specials in Conservatory 9 26 35 82 96 Total including Summer Session 230 431 Names repeated in_Summer Session 50 49 NetJEnrollment including Summer Session 180 382 111 126 70 196 126 57 82 461 23 438 170 608 95 513 150 74 224 105 61 126 516 483 178 661 99 562 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE REGISTRATIONS Second Semester, 1943-1944 NAME MAJOR STREET NUMBER POST OFFICE STATE College Juniors Tulli, Gilda Madlin English 6 Railroad St Swatara Station Penna. Freshmen Bashore, Robert Merle Pre-Medical .... 1 10 East Oak St Palmyra Penna. Bickel, George Washington, Jr. A.B 33 S. Locust St Lititz Penna. Boyer, Donald Stanley Chemistry 429. North 8th St Lebanon Penna. Carson, Burton Evans, II Pre-Medical .... Hotel Weimer Lebanon Penna. Cohen, Abba David Pre-Dental 232 Kelker St Harrisburg Penna. Cover, Richard Edward Pre-Medical .... 108 East Poplar St Lebanon Penna. Gingrich, Junior Russell Pre-Medical. . . .232 East Main St Palmyra Penna. Hartman, Samuel Allen, 2nd. . .B.S 204 East Main St Palmyra Penna. Keifer, William Lewis Pre-Medical .... 722 Guilford St Lebanon Penna. Kline, Robert Mann Chemistry Schaefferstown Penna. Markley, Joseph Lawrence. . . .A.B '. . .1121 S. Mill St New Castle Penna. Marshall, John Edwin, Jr Pre-Medical. . . .427 Cumberland St. . . .Lebanon Penna. Mullin, John William Pre-Dental 418 West High St Hummelstown Penna. Saylor, Clyde John A.B 724 Chestnut St Lebanon Penna. Sheetz, David Patrick A.B Colebrook Penna. Stonecipher, Evelyn Marie .... Bus. Ad 723 East Maple St Annville Penna. Wentling, Stanley Anson Bus. Ad 514 S. Lincoln St Palmyra Penna. Conservatory of Music: Freshmen Cappelli, Calvin Coolidge Mus. Ed 562 W. Chocolate Ave. . Hershey Penna. Goodling, Lois Marie Mus. Ed 700 North George St. . .York Penna. Smith, Edmund Richardson ... Mus. Ed 12 Country Club PI Camp Hill Penna. Special Moody, Leocadia Cecelia Mus. Ed 2327 North St Rochester N. Y. Specials — Part-time Anger, Jean Hist. Music, Voice, Chorus .614 Spring St Scottdale Penna. Fencil, Gladys M Piano 128 East Main St Annville Penna. Frantz, Priscilla Flute 230 South 8th St Lebanon Penna. Gerhart, Grace Organ Jonestown Penna. Gingrich, J. Russell Flute 232 East Main St Palmyra Penna. Hains, Jacqueline Piano 1322 King St Avon Penna. Ingraham, David String Bass 470 East Main St Annville Penna. Kadel, Mrs. Adele F Piano 1565 Elm St Lebanon Penna. Kohl, Glenn Earl Trumpet 40 Mifflin St .Lebanon Penna. Kreider, Judith Piano 490 Maple St Annville Penna. Matz, Patricia Piano Maple Street. Annville Penna. Minnich, Betty Mae Voice Wiconisco Penna. Mobley, Mark A Piano 105 W. Lancaster St Red Lion Penna. Risser, Florence Piano R. D. #4 Lebanon Penna. Risser, Harold Flute R. D. #4 Lebanon Penna. Risser, Roger Piano R. D. #4 Lebanon Penna. Silberman, Jack Cornet 246 West Main St Annville Penna. Snyder, Doris Magee Piano 47 E. Sheridan Ave.. . .Annville Penna. Evening Classes Eberly, Eugenia K R. D. #1 Sheridan Penna. Evans, Elizabeth 744 Cumberland St. . . .Lebanon Penna. Gass, Esther Nissley 221 West Main St Myerstown Penna. Hoff, Madelene N Women's Club Hershey Penna. Kercher, James H 407 Sand Hill Lebanon Penna. Kreider, Lena R. D. #1 Jonestown Penna. Marshall, Elizabeth Grace 427 Cumberland St. . . .Lebanon Penna. McDowell, Olive M State Hospital Harrisburg Penna. Mobley, Mark A 105 W. Lancaster St... .Red Lion Penna. Moyer, Mary Elizabeth Myerstown Penna. Neill, Mary E Women's Club Hershey Penna. Reedy, Arlene L R. D. #1 Sheridan Penna. Rizza, Pauline 343 East Main St Annville Penna. Seibert, William Joseph Box 127 Hershey Penna. Sherriff, William E Railroad St Annville Penna. Shettel, Viola 23 W. Sheridan Ave Annville Penna. 112 CATALOGUE NAME STREET NUMBER POST OFFICE STATE Extension Courses Baish, Marion Louise 536 Curtin St Harrisburg Penna. Bauman, Harvey W R. D. #1 Lititz. Penna. Bishop, Mary Arlene High St Manheim Penna. Bitner, Ruth Eberly Chestnut St Dillsburg Penna. Boyd, Margaret E 118 East High St Manheim Penna. Brodbeck, Ruth E Box 8 Lampeter Penna. Cameron, J. Betty West Willow Penna. Catus, Frances Abraham 1417 Vernon St Harrisburg Penna. Coleman, Catherine 230 North Duke St.. . .Lancaster Penna. Cox, Joan E 23 West Main St Ephrata Penna. Davis, Claire 7 Juniata St Enola Penna. Driscoll, Carl S New Holland Penna. Dusman, Ruth 216 Woodbine St Harrisburg Penna. Dyke, Jane Honey Brook Penna. Frankhouser, Ruth L Terre Hill Penna. Frischman, Helen Terre Hill Penna. Gensler, Harriet H 228 North 3rd St Harrisburg Penna. Green, Erma 1 325 East Main St Palmyra Penna. Grube, Mary Elizabeth 254 Church Ave Ephrata Penna. Hood, Mrs. Thelma Ritzman 306 South 10th St Reading Penna. Horst, J. Alton R. D. #3 Ephrata Penna. Klinefelter, Isobel Cox 23 West Main St Ephrata Penna. Longenecker, Lois Terwilliger Akron Penna. Martin, Katherine J 34 East Walnut St Ephrata Penna. McDowell, Olive M State Hospital Harrisburg Penna. Mengel, Mrs. Merreon Slichter Main St. ; Terre Hill Penna. Moffett, Martha Davidson 207 Harrison Ave Christiana Penna. Nelson, Mrs. B. Earlene 7 Juniata St Enola Penna. Nesanger, Eleanor Evelyn 214 Woodbine St Harrisburg Penna. Rasimas, Valeria Petranela 221 Briggs St Harrisburg Penna. Robertson, Jessie Custer Good's Hotel Ephrata Penna. Schopf, Janet M Mountville Penna. Schwartz, Doris E R. F. D. # 3 Mechanicsburg Penna. Snoddy, B. Ellsworth 5 North 25th St Harrisburg Penna. Sprague, Janet M 3020 Market St Camp Hill Penna. Switzer, Frances Elizabeth 132 East Emaus St Middletown Penna. Turco, Victoria 138 College Ave Lancaster Penna. Wineske, Grace Beamesderfer 912 New Holland Ave. . Lancaster Penna. Winey, Ruth E Route #1 New Holland Penna. Witmeyer, Eleanor L 210 East Main St Annville Penna. Young, Mrs. Eleanor Kerr 2452 Elm St Penbrook Penna. 113 Index Absence 29, 35 Academic Standing of College . . 20 Academic Standing of Conservatory 20 Accelerated Program 42, 82 Administration, Officers of 8 Admission, Requirements for ... 25 Admission, Music Department . . 87 Addresses, Faculty and Administrative Officers 100 Advanced Standing 27 Advisers 14, 28 Aid to Students 35 Aims of the College 19 Application for Admission 25 Assistants, Administration 8 Assistants, Student 16 Astronomy, Courses in 43 Athletic Association 22 Bible and Religion, Courses in . . 43, 44 Biology, Courses in 45-47 Board of Trustees 6 Board of Trustees, Committees . . 7 Board of Trustees, Officers 7 Boarding 32 Breakage Deposit, Laboratories . . 32 Breakage Deposit, Rooms 33, 34 Buildings and Grounds 2, 20 Business Administration, Courses in 47-50 Business Administration, Outline of Course 79 Calendar, College, 1944-45 4 Calendar, College, 1945-1946 4 Chapel Attendance 29 Chemistry, Courses in 51-53 Chemistry, Outline of Course ... 80 Class Standing 28 Classification 27 Clubs, Departmental 23 Committees of Board of Trustees 7 Committees of the Faculty 14 Conditions, Scholastic 29 Conducting, Courses in 94 Conservatory of Music 87-97 Corporation, The 6 Corporation, Officers of the 7 Courses of Instruction 43 Credits 28 Day Student Rooms 33, 34 Debating 22 Deficient Students 29 Degrees Awarded 1944 98, 99 Degrees Granted 39 Degrees, Requirements for 39, 40 Dictation, Courses in Music 89 Discipline 29 Dormitory Proctors 8 Dramatics 22 Economics, Courses in 50, 51 Education, Courses in 54-56 English, Courses in 56-58 Enrollment, Student, 1943-1944.. Ill Enrollment, Student, First Semester, 1944-1945 Ill Entrance Requirements, College.. 25,26 Entrance, Requirements, Conservatory 87 Equipment 20 Eurythmics, Course in 94 Evening Classes 78 Examinations, Supplemental 29 Expenses, College 31-35 Expenses, Conservatory of Music 95, 96 Extension Courses 78 Faculty, College 9-11 Faculty, Conservatory of Music. 11-13 Fees, Graduation 34 Fees, Laboratory 32 Fees, Matriculation 31 Fees, Practice Teaching 34 Fees, Re-examinations 30 French, Courses in 58, 59 Freshman Week 27 German, Courses in 59-61 Grading System 28 Graduation Fees 34 Graduation Requirements 39, 40 Greek, Courses in 61, 62 Gymnasium 20 Harmony, Courses in 90 Hazing 29 Health Service 21 History, Courses in 62-64 History of Music, Courses in . . . 94 History of the College 17 Hours, Limit of 28 Hygiene, Courses in 71 Infirmary 21 Individual Instruction, Music ... 95 Instrumental Music, Instruction in 92 Journalism 22 Junior Department, Music 95 Laboratories 20 Laboratory Fees 32 Latin, Courses in 64, 65 Library 21 114 CATALOGUE Literary Societies 22 Loan Funds 35 Location 20 Major and Minor 39 Mathematics, Courses in 65-67 Matriculation Fee 31 Medicine, Plan of Study Preparatory for 81-83 Methods in Music, Courses in . . . 91 Music Education, Outline of Course 87-89 Musical Organizations 23, 93 Music, Junior Department 95 Music and the A.B. Degree .... 67, 68 Music, Minor 67 Officers of Administration 8 Officers of Board of Trustees ... 7 Organ Specifications 96, 97 Orientation, Course in 69 Outline of Courses: Bachelor of Arts 41-42 Bachelor of Science with Major in Science 41-42 Major in Chemistry 80 With Major in Business Administration 79 With Major in Education . . 54, 86 With Major in Music Education 87-89 Pre-Medical 81-83 Pre-Theological 83 Payment of Fees 34, 35 Phi Alpha Epsilon 23,99 Philosophy, Courses in 69, 70 Physical Education 70-72 Physical Science 95 Physician's Certificate 25 Physics, Courses in 72, 73 Placement Bureau 86 Political Science, Courses in .... 74, 75 Practice Teaching, College 55 Practice Teaching, Conservatory of Music 91 Practice Teaching Supervisors .. 15 Pre-Laboratory Technology Course 82 Pre-Medical, Outline of Course . . 81 Pre-Medical, Accelerated Course . 82, 83 Pre-Nursing Course 82 Pre-Veterinary Course 82 Presidents 16 PAGE Pre-Theological, Outline of Course 83 Prizes Awarded 1944 23 Probation 29 Psychology, Courses in 75-77 Public School Music, Outline of Course 87-89 Quality Points 39 Re-examinations 29, 30 Register of Students 101-111 Registration 26 Registration, Change of 27 Registration, Late 27 Registration, Pre- 27 Religious Organizations 22 Requirements for Admission, College 25,26 Requirements for Admission, Conservatory 25, 87 Requirements for Degree 39, 40 Residence Requirements for Degree 39 Room Equipment 33 Room Rent 33 Room Reservation 33 Saturday Classes 78 Scholarships 35-38 Sickness 35 Sight Singing, Courses in 89 Sociology, Courses, in 75 Spanish, Courses in 77 Student Activities 22 Student Activities and Tuition Fees , 31 Student Assistants 16 Student Recitals 95 Summary of the Enrollment .... Ill Summer Session 78 Teaching, Requirements for Certificates 84-86 Trust Funds 35-38 Trustees, Board of 6 Tuition and Student Activities Fees 31 Tuition Plan 35 Tuition Rebate, Ministers' Children 36 Tuition Rebate, Faculty Children 36 Y. M. and Y. W. C. A 22 115"