Digitized by tine Internet Archive in 2011 with funding from LYRASIS IVIembers and Sloan Foundation http://www.archive.org/details/lebanonvalley197475leba LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE bulletin Lebanon Valley College Bulletin is published five times a year in the Spring, Summer, Fall and twice in Winter by Lebanon Valley College, Laughlin Hall, Annville, Pennsyl- vania 17003 Volume VII, Number 5 Winter 1973 1 t** The college reserves the right to change any pro- visions or requirements at any time within the student's term of res- idence. 'i * r ; Second class postage paid at Annville, Penn- sylvania 17003 . -. CALENDAR 1974 JANUARY FEBRUARY MARCH APRIL s M T W T F 12 3 4 S 5 S M T W T F S 1 2 S M T W T F S 1 2 S M T W T F S 12 3 4 5 6 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 27 28 29 30 31 24 25 26 27 28 24 31 25 26 27 28 29 30 28 29 30 MAY JUNE JULY AUGUST S M T W T F S S M T W T F S S M T W T F S S M T W T F S 1 2 3 4 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 26 27 28 29 30 31 23 30 24 25 26 27 28 29 28 29 30 31 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 SEPTEMBER S M T W T F S 12 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 OCTOBER 5 M T W T F S 12 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 NOVEMBER S M T W T F S 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 DECEMBER S M T W T F S 12 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 CALENDAR 1975 JANUARY S M T W T F S 12 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 FEBRUARY S M T W T F S 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 MARCH S M T W T F S 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 APRIL 5 M T W T F S 12 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 21 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 MAY S M T W T F S 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 JUNE S M T W T F S 12 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 JULY 5 M T W T F S 12 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 AUGUST S M T W T F S 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 SEPTEMBER S M T W T F S 12 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 OCTOBER S M T W T F S 12 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 NOVEMBER S M T W T F S 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 DECEMBER S M T W T F S 12 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 COLLEGE CALENDAR 1973/1974 I gi^Q First Semester Aug. 31 Friday Faculty retreat Sept. 1 Saturday Faculty retreat 2 Sunday, 2:00 P.M Residence halls open for new students 3-5 Monday through Wednesday Orientation for new students 4 Tuesday Registration by new students 5 Wednesday Registration by upperclassmen 6 Thursday, 8:00 A.M Classes begin 6 Thursday, 7:45 P.M Opening College Convocation 8 Saturday Board of Trustees retreat Oct. 3 Wednesday, 10:00 A.M. ..Religion & Life — Balmer Showers Lecture 13 Saturday Homecoming Day 24 Wednesday Mid-semester grades due 31 Wednesday, 10:00 A.M. . .Balmer Showers Lecture Nov. 10 Saturday Board of Trustees meeting 14-21 Wednesday through Wednesday Pre-registration for second semester 21 Wednesday, 1:00 P.M. ... Thanksgiving vacation begins 26 Monday, 8:00 A.M Classes resume Dec. 11 Tuesday, 5:00 P.M First semester classes end 12-13 Wednesday, Thursday .. .Reading period 14-20 Friday through Thursday .First semester examinations 20 Thursday, 5:00 P.M First semester ends IQj^ Second Semester Jan. 13 Sunday, 2:00 P.M Residence halls open 14 Monday Registration 15 Tuesday, 8:00 A.M Classes begin Feb. 20 Wednesday, 10:00 A.M. . .Founders' Day March 1 Friday, 5:00 P.M Spring vacation begins 1-10 Friday through Sunday . . .Concert Choir tour 11 Monday, 8:00 A.M Classes resume 13 Wednesday Religious Emphasis Day 24 Sunday, 3:00 P.M Spring Music Festival, Symphonic Band and Wind Ensemble April 3 Wednesday Phi Alpha Epsilon Day 3-10 Wednesday through Wednesday Pre-registration for first semester, 1974- 1975, and 1974 summer session 7 Sunday, 3:00 P.M Spring Music Festival, College Chorus and Symphony Orchestra 1 1 Thursday, 5:00 P.M Easter vacation begins 16 Tuesday, 8:00 A.M Classes resume 17 Wednesday, 10:00 A.M. . .Religion & Life — Balmer Showers Lecture 26-28 Friday through Sunday . . Fourth Annual Fine Arts Festival May I Wednesday, 10:00 A.M. . .Awards and Recognition Convocation 1 Wednesday, 5:00 P.M. . . .Second semester classes end 2-5 Thursday through Sunday .Reading period 4 Saturday Alumni Day 6-1 1 Monday through Saturday . Second semester examinations 1 1 Saturday, 5:00 P.M Second semester ends 17 Friday Board of Trustees meeting 18 Saturday Orientation for incoming students 19 Sunday, 9:00 A.M Baccalaureate service 19 Sunday, 11:00 A.M 105th Annual Commencement 1974 summer session: June 10-August 2 COLLEGE CALENDAR 1974/1975 1974 First Semester Aug. 31 Saturday, 5:45 P.M Faculty-Administration reception and dinner Sept. 1 Sunday, 2:00 P.M Residence halls open for new students 2-3 Monday, Tuesday Orientation for new students 3 Tuesday, 8:30 A.M Registration by new students 3 Tuesday, 1:00 P.M Registration by upperclassmen 4 Wednesday, 10:00 A.M. . .Opening College Convocation 4 Wednesday, 1:00 P.M. ... Classes begin 7 Saturday Board of Trustees retreat 24 Tuesday, 11:00 A.M Religion and Life-Balmer Showers Lecture Oct. 5 Saturday Homecoming Day 22 Tuesday, 11:00 A.M Balmer Showers Lecture 23 Wednesday Mid-semester grades due Nov. 9 Saturday Board of Trustees meeting 13-20 Wednesday through Wednesday Pre-registration for second semester 27 Wednesday, 1:00 P.M Thanksgiving vacation begins Dec. 2 Monday, 8:00 A.M Classes resume 13 Friday, 5:00 P.M First semester classes end 14-15 Saturday, Sunday Reading period 16-21 Monday through Saturday First semester examinations 21 Saturday, 5:00 P.M First semester ends 1975 Second Semester Jan. 12 Sunday, 2:00 P.M Residence halls open 13 Monday, 8:00 A.M Registration 14 Tuesday, 8:00 A.M Classes begin Feb. 28- Mar. 9 Friday through Sunday . . . Concert Choir tour 1 1 Tuesday Religious Emphasis Day 21 Friday, 5:00 P.M Easter vacation begins Apr. 1 Tuesday, 8:00 A.M Classes resume 1 Tuesday,l 1:00 A.M Phi Alpha Epsilon Day 6 Sunday, 3:00 P.M Spring Music Festival, College Chorus and Symphony Orchestra 15 Tuesday, 11:00 A.M Religion & Life — Balmer Showers Lecture 9-16 Wednesday through Wednesday Pre-registration for first semester, 1975- 1976, and 1975 summer session 20 Sunday, 3:00 P.M Spring Music Festival, Symphonic Band and Wind Ensemble 25-27 Friday through Sunday . . .Fifth Annual Fine Arts Festival 29 Tuesday, 11:00 A.M Awards and Recognition Convocation 30 Wednesday, 5:00 P.M Second semester classes end May 1-4 Thursday through Sunday . Reading period 3 Saturday Akmmi Day 5-10 Monday through Saturday .Second semester examinations 10 Saturday, 5:00 P.M Second semester ends 16 Friday Board of Trustees meeting 17 Saturday Orientation for incoming sudents 18 Sunday, 9:00 A.M Baccalaureate service 18 Sunday, 11:00 A.M 106th Annual Commencement 1975 summer session: June 9-August 1 Contents College Profile 6 College History 6 Accreditation 8 Principles and Objectives 9 Support and Control 10 Enrollment Statistics 14 Information For Prospective Students 15 Admission 15 Student Finances 18 Financial Aid 20 Academic Programs and Procedures 22 Requirements For Degrees 22 General and Distribution Requirements 26 The College Honors Program 27 Auxiliary Schools 28 Marine Biology Program 29 Junior Year Abroad 29 Washington Semester Program 29 Academic Procedures 30 Administrative Regulations 33 Student Activities 36 The Religious Life 36 Campus Organizations 38 Cultural Opportunities 40 Student Government 40 Athletics and Recreation 41 Courses of Study By Departments 42 Special Plans of Study 90 Directories 100 Faculty and Administrative Staff 100 Board of Trustees Ill General Alumni Organization 115 Degrees Conferred 117 Student Awards 121 Correspondence Directory 128 Index 129 5 COLLEGE PROFILE COLLEGE HISTORY Officials of the East Pennsylvania Conference of the Church of the United Brethren in Christ were acutely embarrassed in the spring of 1866. Five public-spirited citizens of the town of Annville had come to Con- ference on February 22 and offered as a gift the Annville Academy build- ing on Main Street, which they had bought for $4,500, providing that the Conference would establish and maintain there forever an institution of learning of high grade. The gift was accepted. The name Lebanon Valley College was chosen. It was decided to lease the property to someone qualified to operate a school. The opening date was set — May 7. Planning then came to a stop, for they could find no one to take the lease. That was the situation seven weeks before the opening date, accord- ing to George Washington Miles Rigor, whose short account is the earliest extant history of Lebanon Valley College. There was no college graduate in the whole Conference, and a poll of Otterbein College graduates failed to turn up a prospect. Rigor, a United Brethren minister who had at- tended college for only three years, stepped into the breach. He enlisted the cooperation of a neighbor, Thomas R. Vickroy, a Methodist minister and graduate of Dickinson College. They took over the lease as partners for the next five years, Vickroy to run the school and Rigor to act as agent. The building was readied and Lebanon Valley College opened on May 7, as scheduled, with 49 students enrolled. From its first day it was co- educational. President Vickroy's term was marked by action. Eleven acres were added to the "lot and a half of ground" conveyed by the original deed. A spacious four-story building was erected. A charter was granted by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. A faculty was hired. A complete college curriculum, based on the classics but including music and art, was es- tablished, and two classes were graduated before Vickroy gave up his lease in 1871. The college was not leased again but continued operations through a Board of Trustees. The five presidents during the next 25 years had great difficulty in keeping the college financially afloat, due to lack of support ranging from apathy to open opposition. There was some progress. A library was es- tablished in 1874, and a college newspaper appeared in 1888. However, in the fall of 1896, the school was debt-ridden, living from hand to mouth, with an enrollment of only 80. The administration of President Hervin U. Roop, starting in 1897, marked the first real period of expansion. Under his leadership, five new buildings were erected, including a library donated by Andrew Carnegie, and the Administration Building was re-built after a disastrous fire on Christmas Eve, 1904. By 1905, enrollment had soared to 470, with a faculty of 23. Loss of public confidence and financial support prompted Roop's resignation in 1905, and the college faced its darkest days. Bankruptcy was averted by the keen business sense and personal generosity of Presi- dent Lawrence Keister, who served from 1907 to 1912. President George D. Gossard finally gave the college stability when he achieved for it accreditation and a million-dollar endowment fund, the income from which was to form the financial cushion dreamed of by all the presidents before him. By the end of his 20-year term in 1932, there were 653 students and 32 faculty members. Most important, the Con- servatory of Music was accredited by the Commonwealth for its program in public school music, marking the start of an outstanding academic de- partment. Following Dr. Gossard's death in 1932, Dr. Clyde A. Lynch faced a series of external crises which lasted throughout his 18 years as presi- dent. The stock market crash shrank the handsome endowment raised by his predecessor. The depression of the 1930's reduced the enrollment, and World War II lowered it still further; the post-war influx of veterans then stretched it to more than capacity. In spite of these trials, Dr. Lynch's administration began buying property adjacent to the campus to allow for further expansion. It also raised over a half-million dollars, part of which was to be used for a new physical education building. This build- ing, still unfinished at the time of Lynch's death in 1950, was named in his honor upon completion. The twelfth president of the college, Frederic K. Miller, served for almost 17 years. During his term, inflation caused mushrooming costs, but the so-called "tidal wave of students" made possible selective admissions. The greatest physical expansion in the history of the college occurred, with seven new buildings erected and several renovated. Two major fund- raising drives were concluded successfully. Enrollment increased 60%, with a corresponding increase in faculty and administrative staff. The centennial of the founding of the college was observed by a year-long series of events. On April 1, 1967, Dr. Miller retired, and Allan W. Mund, president of the Board of Trustees, became acting president. It was not until February 3, 1968, that Frederick P. Sample was elected by the board to become thirteenth president of Lebanon Valley College. When Dr. Sample as- sumed office on September 1, 1968, Lebanon Valley College faced its sec- ond century as a fully-accredited, church-related, coeducational college of the liberal arts, occupying a 35-acre campus of 26 buildings, and sup- porting an enrollment of 900 and a full-time faculty of 58. In the years since then, the college has continued to grow in acres and buildings, in students and faculty. This growth is reaching its culmination in the 1970's with the multi-million dollar ambitions of the Fund for Fulfillment. Just as the college has changed through the years, so has the Church of the United Brethren in Christ which gave it birth and offered its sup- port. Organized in 1800 as the first Christian church indigenous to the United States, the denomination merged with the Evangelical Church to become the Evangelical United Brethren Church in 1946. In April, 1968, this body joined with the Methodist Church to form the United Meth- odist Church. In looking to its second century, Lebanon Valley College is con- scious of the dream of its forefathers that it be "an institution of learning of high grade." It aims to be essentially what it is now, a relatively small college of the liberal arts and sciences that takes its Christian origins seriously. Presidents of Lebanon Valley College Rev. Thomas Rees Vickroy, Ph.D. 1866-1871 Lucian H. Hammond, A.M. 1871-1876 Rev. D. D. DeLong, A.M. 1876-1887 Rev. E. S. Lorenz, A.M., B.D. 1887-1889 Rev. Cyrus J. Kephart, A.M. 1889-1890 E. Benjamin Bierma'n, A.M., Ph.D. 1890-1897 Rev. Hervin U. Roop, A.M., Ph.D., LL.D. 1897-1906 Rev. Abram Paul Funkhouser, B.S. 1906-1907 Rev. Lawrence Keister, S.T.B., D.D. 1907-1912 Rev. George Daniel Gossard, B.D., D.D., LL.D. 1912-1932 Rev. Clyde Alvin Lynch, A.M., B.D., D.D., Ph.D., LL.D. 1932-1950 Frederic K. Miller, M.A., Ph.D., Litt.D., D.H.L., D.Pd., LL.D. Acting President 1950-1951 President 1951-1967 Allan W. Mund, LL.D. Acting President 1967-1968 Frederick P. Sample, B.A., M.Ed., D.Ed., Pd.D. 1968- ACCREDITATION Lebanon Valley College is on the approved lists of the Regents of the State University of New York and the American Association of Univer- sity Women. Lebanon Valley College is accredited by the following bodies: Middle States Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools Department of Education of Pennsyl- vania National Association of Schools of Music American Chemical Society Lebanon Valley College is a member of the following bodies: American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education American Council on Education Association of American Colleges College Entrance Examination Board College Scholarship Service Eastern College Athletic Conference Pennsylvania Association of Colleges and Universities Pennsylvania Association o£ Colleges for Teacher Education Pennsylvania Foundation for Inde- pendent Colleges PRINCIPLES AND OBJECTIVES The aim of Lebanon Valley College is to give its students the oppor- tunity to procure a liberal education of the highest quality. That is, it seeks, first of all, to acquaint them with the basic facts and principles of the cultural heritage of mankind, including its spiritual, scientific, liter- ary, artistic, and social elements. Second, it seeks to develop in its students the capacity to use their full intellectual resources in dealing with, formu- lating and communicating ideas, and making reasoned judgments. Third, it seeks to cultivate those qualities of personality and character, of moral and social responsibility and concern, that characterize personal maturity and constitute the basis of a free society. The aims of Lebanon Valley College to provide a liberal education are set within the context of commitment to the Christian faith and Chris- tian values, and are ordered by the conviction that sincere faith and sig- nificant learning are inseparable, that all truth has its origin and end in God, and that, therefore, learner and teacher alike not only can be, but must be free to subject all claims to truth and value, both religious and secular, to the tests of honest and humble inquiry, analysis, reflection, and redefinition. And implicit in this conviction is the correlate that keeping the doors open for exploration and application of Christian truth and .values does not bar the way to the exploration of the truth and value to be found in other religious and philosophical traditions of mankind. Finally, in the Christian understanding of man as a creature of God is found the basis of the college's concern for all its members as persons, as God-related as well as man-related and world-related beings. Thus through commitment to the ideal of Christian higher education does the college seek to serve the church and the Christian community which nourishes and sustains it. In its policy of providing programs of a professional and pre-profes- sional nature, Lebanon Valley College does not seek simply to help edu- cate persons who will make their own useful contribution to the work of the world and to the service of mankind in certain professions and voca- tions. The college insists that for its students engaged in such preparation the purposes of a Christian liberal education apply completely and must be neither ignored nor deprecated for the sake of technical or utilitarian ends or in the name of pragmatic or material values. A liberally educated professional is a more complete person, when through his practice his knowledge and interests are applied and made relevant to the world. It is in relation to these general principles that the following more specific educational objectives of Lebanon Valley College are to be under- stood: 1. To provide an opportunity for qualified young people to procure a liberal education and to develop their total personalities under Chris- tian influences. 2. To help provide the church with capable and enlightened leaders, both clerical and lay. 3. To foster Christian ideals and to encourage faithfulness to the church of the student's choice. 4. To help train well-informed, intelligent, and responsible citizens, qualified for leadership in community, state, and nation. 5. To provide pre-professional students with the broad preliminary train- ing recommended by professional schools and professional associations. 6. To provide, in an atmosphere of liberal culture, partial or complete training for certain professions and vocations. 7. To provide opportunity for gifted students to pursue independent study for the purpose of developing their intellectual powers to the maximum. SUPPORT AND CONTROL Lebanon Valley College receives support authorized by the General Conference of the United Methodist Church, individual congregations of the denomination in the Eastern Pennsylvania Conference and the Cen- tral Pennsylvania Conference, endowments, and the Pennsylvania Foun- dation for Independent Colleges. Also, since at Lebanon Valley College as at most other institutions of higher learning the tuition and other an- nual charges paid by the student do not cover the total cost of his educa- tion, additional income is derived through the Lebanon Valley College Fund. The Fund is supported by industry, alumni, the Board of Trustees, parents of students, and other friends of the college. Total assets of Lebanon Valley College are approximately $16,000,000, including endowment funds of about $3,000,000. Aside from general en- dowment income available for unrestricted purposes, there are a number of special funds designated for specific uses such as professorships, schol- arships, and the library. Control of the college is vested in a Board of Trustees composed of 49 elected members, 24 of whom represent church conferences; 5 of whom represent the alumni of the institution; 5 of whom represent the faculty; and 15 of whom, including 3 students, are elected at large. NEW FACILITIES New Music Building (under construction and scheduled for Fall 1974 completion). — 600 seat music hall — instrument storage room — 5 classrooms — music storage library — 15 teaching studios — electronic piano laboratory — rehearsal hall — learning resource center — organ choral room — recording studio — 50 individual practice rooms — recording control center — 4 organ practice rooms Computer Facilities (installed, October 1973 and housed in Gossard Memorial Library). PDP 11/40 Computer built by the two removable discs capable of Digital Equipment Corporation handling 1.2 million words a- of Maynard, Massachusetts. piece On-line, time-sharing system six consoles 28K core memory system systems library available 10 ENDOWMENT FUNDS ( June 30, 1973 ) UNRESTRICTED For General Purposes RESTRICTED Professorship Funds The Butterwick Chair of Philosophy Chair of English Bible and Greek [r Testament / Josephine Bittinger Eberly Professor- ■, ship of Latin Language and i Literature 5 John Evans Lehman Chair of Mathematics 1 The Rev. J. B. Weidler Endowment Fund ^ The Ford Foundation Restricted Other Bishop J. Balmer Show^ers Lectureship ;; Fund Karl Milton Karnegie Fund |; A.F.S. Scholarship Fund I,- Special Fund— Faculty Salaries I;;: The Batdorf Fund ! E. N. Funkhouser Fund [i Mr. and Mrs. C. H. Horn Fund Mary L Shumberger Memorial Fund Woodrow W. Waltermyer Professor- ship Fund Library Funds Library Fund of Class of 1916 Class of 1956 Library Endowment Fund Dr. Lewis J. and Leah Miller Leiby Library Fund Maintenance Funds C. B. Montgomery Memorial Room Fund Hiram E. Steinmetz Memorial Room Fund Equipment Funds Dr. Warren H. Fake and Mabel A. Fake Science Memorial Fund Williams Foundation Endowment Fund Publicity Funds Harnish-Houser Publicity Fund Scholarship Funds Allegheny Conference C.E. Scholarship Fund Alumni Scholarship Fund Dorothy Jean Bachman Scholarship Fund Lillian Merle Bachman Scholarship Fund Baltimore Fifth Church, Otterbein Memorial Sunday School Scholarship Fund E. M. Baum Scholarship Fund Andrew and Ruth Bender Scholarship Fund Cloyd and Mary Bender Scholarship Fund Biological Scholarship Fund Eliza Bittinger Scholarship Fund Mary A. Bixler Scholarship Fund L T. Buffington Scholarship Fund Alice Evers Burtner Memorial Award Fund Oliver P. Butterwick Scholarship Fund Mr. and Mrs. D. Clark Carmean Scholarship Fund Collegiate Scholarship Fund of Evangelical United Brethren Church Isaiah H. Daugherty and Benjamin P. Rabb Memorial Scholarship Fund Senator James J. Davis Scholarship Fund William E. Duff Scholarship Fund Derickson Scholarship Fund East Pennsylvania Conference C.E. Scholarship Fund East Pennsylvania Branch W.S.W.S. Scholarship Fund Eastern Pennsylvania Conference of the United Methodist Church Samuel I. and Agnes F. Engle Scholar- ship Fund M. C. Favinger and Wife Scholarship Fund Fred E. Foos Scholarship Fund C. C. Gingrich Scholarship Fund G. D. Gossard and Wife Scholarship Fund Grace Evangelical United Brethren Church, Penbrook, Fund 11 Margaret Verda Graybill Memorial Scholarship Fund Peter Graybill Scholarship Fund Jacob F. Greasley Scholarship Fund Hilda Hafer Scholarship Fund Harrisburg Otterbein Church of The United Brethren in Christ Scholarship Fund Harrisburg Otterbein Sunday School Scholarship Fund Alice M. Heagy Scholarship Fund J. M. Heagy and Wife Scholarship Fund Bertha Foos Heinz Scholarship Fund Harvey E. Herr Memorial Scholarship Fund Edwin M. Hershey Scholarship Fund Merle M. Hoover Scholarship Fund Judge S. C. Huber Scholarship Fund Cora Appleton Huber Scholarship Fund H. S. Immel Scholarship Fund Henry G. and Anna S. Kauffman and Family Scholarship Fund John A. H. Keith Fund Barbara June Kettering Scholarship Fund Rev. and Mrs. J. E. and Rev. A. H. Kleffman Scholarship Fund Dorothea Killinger Scholarship Fund A. S. Kreider Ministerial Scholarship Fund D. Albert and Anna Forney Kreider Scholarship Fund W. E. Kreider Scholarship Fund Maud P. Laughlin Scholarship Fund Lebanon Steel Foundry Foundation Scholarship Fund The Lorenz Benevolent Fund Mrs. Edwin M. Loux Scholarship Fund Lykens Otterbein Church Scholarship Fund The F. C. McKay Fund Mechanicsburg U.B. Sunday School Scholarship Fund Medical Scholarship Fund Elizabeth Meyer Endowment Fund Elizabeth May Meyer Musical Scholarship Fund Mrs. Elizabeth H. Millard Memorial Scholarship Fund Harry E. Miller Scholarship Fund Bishop J. S. Mills Scholarship Fund The Ministerial Student Aid Gift Fund of The Evangelical United Brethren Church Germaine B. Monteux Memorial Scholarship Fund Germaine B. Monteux Music Award Elizabeth A. Mower Beneficiary Fund Neidig Memorial Church Ministerial Scholarship Fund Gene Bowman Neidig Memorial Scholarship Fund Grace U.B. Church of Penbrook, Penna. Scholarship Fund Pennsylvania Branch W.S.W.S. Scholarship Fund in Memory of Dr. Paul E. V. Shannon Pennsylvania Conference C.E. Scholarship Fund Pennsylvania Conference Youth Fellowship Scholarship Fund Philadelphia Lebanon Valley College Alumni Scholarship Fund Rev. H. C. Phillips Scholarship Fund Pickwell Memorial Music Award Sophia Plitt Scholarship Fund Quincy Evangelical United Brethren Orphanage and Home Scholarship Fund Ezra G. Ranck and Wife Scholarship Fund Levi S. Reist Scholarship Fund G. A. Richie Scholarship Fund Emmett C. Roop Scholarship Fund Reynaldo Rovers Memorial Scholarship Fund Harvey L. Seltzer Scholarship Fund Special Fund Mary Ann Ocker Spital Scholarship Fund Rev. and Mrs. Cawley H. Stine Scholarship Fund Dr. Alfred D. Strickler and Louise Kreider Strickler Pre-Medical Scholarship Fund Washington, D.C. Memorial E.U.B. Ministerial Scholarship Fund Henry L. Wilder Scholarship Fund Jacob C. Winter Memorial Scholarship 12 Student Loan Funds Mary A. Dodge Loan Fund Daniel Eberly Scholarship Fund Glant-Gibson-Glunt Educational Loan Fund Esther and Frank Ligan Fund Prize Funds Bradford C. Alban Memorial Award Fund The L. G. Bailey Award Henry H. Baish Memorial Fund Andrew Bender Memorial Chemistry Fund The Class of 1964 Quittapahilla Award Fund Governor James H. Duff Award Florence Wolf Knauss Memorial Award in Music La Vie Collegienne Award Fund Max F. Lehman Fund The David E. Long Memorial Fund People's National Bank of Lebanon Achievement Award in Economics The Rosenberry Award Wallace-Light-Wingate Award The Salome Wingate Sanders Award in Music Education Francis H. Wilson Biology Award Annuity Funds Paul F. Fulk and Margaret M. Fulk Rev. A. H. Kleffman and Erma L. Kleffman E. Roy Line Annuity Ruth Detwiler Rettew Annuity Fund Life Income Agreements Lutz Memorial Trust Unitrust Agreement Richard L. and Ruth W. Davis Fund 13 ENROLLMENT STATISTICS SUMMARY OF COLLEGE YEAR, 1972-1973-CUMULATIVE DAY-TIME FULL-TIME PART-TIME TOTAL Men Women Total Men Women Total Men Women Total Degree Students Seniors 120 95 215 10 9 19 130 104 234 Juniors 118 97 215 3 3 118 100 218 Sophomores ... 132 119 251 2 2 4 134 121 255 Freshmen 184 164 348 1 1 2 185 165 350 Non-degree 6 2 8 12 21 33 18 23 41 Day-Time Total 560 477 1037 25 36 61 585 513 1098 Evening-Campus Classes 44 64 108 44 64 108 University Center at Harrisburg . . 125 181 306 125 181 306 Grand Total . 560 477 1037 194 281 475 754 758 1512 Names repeated ... —5 —10 —15 —5 —10 —15 Net Total ... 560 477 1037 189 271 460 749 748 1497 *Music Specials . . 8 22 30 8 22 30 1973 Summer Session 76 57 133 76 57 133 * Not included in totals SUMMARY OF FIRST SEMESTER 19731974 DAY-TIME FULL-TIME PART-TIME TOTAL Men Women Total Men Women Total Men Women Total Degree Students Seniors 112 91 203 9 4 13 121 95 216 Juniors 112 112 224 5 5 112 117 229 Sophomores ... 143 126 269 112 144 127 271 Freshmen 177 161 338 1 1 177 162 339 Non-degree .... 5 1 6 9 22 31 14 23 37 Day-Time Total 549 491 1040 19 33 52 568 524 1092 Evening-Campus . 28 31 59 28 31 59 University Center at Harrisburg . 69 86 155 69 86 155 Grand Total . 549 491 1040 116 150 266 665 641 1306 Names repeated . . —3 — 4 —7 —3 — 4 — 7 Net Total ... 549 491 1040 113 146 259 662 637 1299 ♦Music Specials . . 2 19 21 2 19 21 * Not included in totals 14 INFORMATION FOR PROSPECTIVE STUDENTS ADMISSION Students are admitted to Lebanon Valley College on the basis o£ scholarly achievement, intellectual capacity, character, personality, and ability to profit by college experience. General Information 1. All communications concerning admission should be addressed to the Director of Admissions, Lebanon Valley College, Annville, Pennsyl- vania 17003. 2. Applications should be submitted as early as possible in the latter part of the junior or the beginning of the senior year of high school or preparatory school. 3. Applications must be filed on forms provided by the office of admis- sions. 4. Each application must be accompanied by an application fee of $10.00. This fee is not refundable. 5. A transcript of the secondary school record, on a form provided by the college for that purpose, must be sent by the principal to the director of admissions. May 1 is the deadline for receiving applica- tions. 6. A student transferring from another collegiate institution must pre- sent an official transcript of his scholastic record and evidence of honorable dismissal. 7. All new students are required to present on or before August 15 the official health record showing a physician's report of medical exam- ination, and previous immunization records. 8. All applicants shall be considered for admission without regard to their race, religion, creed, or country of national origin. Admission is based on total information submitted by the applicant or in his behalf. Final decision, therefore, cannot be reached until all information has been supplied by the applicant. Factors Determining Admission Each candidate for admission will be considered individually and the decision with respect to admission will be based on the following factors: 1. The transcript of the applicant's secondary school record. 15 2. Recommendation by the principal, teachers, and other responsible persons as to the applicant's special abilities, integrity, sense of re- sponsibility, seriousness of purpose, initiative, self-reliance, and con- cern for others. 3. A personal interview, whenever possible, with the director of admis- sions or his designate. 4. College Entrance Examination Board test results: (a) Scholastic Ap- titude Tests, (b) Three Achievement Tests — English Composition, Foreign language, and one optional test. All candidates for admission are required to take the Scholastic Aptitude Test and three Achieve- ment Tests — English Composition, Foreign language, and one option- al test. Those seeking entrance in September are advised to take these tests no later than in the preceding December and/or January. In ex- ceptional cases the requirement of the CEEB Tests may be waived at the discretion of the Director of Admissions. Full information con- cerning dates and locations of these test administrations may be ob- tained by writing to: College Entrance Examination Board, P.O. Box 592, Princeton, N.J. 08540. 5. Applicants for admission may submit the results of the American Col- lege Testing Program in lieu of the Scholastic Aptitude Test. 6. Additional test results may be required in special cases. Admission to the Department of Music An applicant to the music or music education curriculums is ex- pected to satisfy the general requirements for admission. In addition, the candidate must appear for an audition before members of the music faculty and show evidence of: 1. An acceptable singing voice and a fairly quick sense of tone and rhythm; 2. Ability to sing at sight hymn and folk tunes with a fair degree of ac- curacy and facility; 3. Ability to sing or to play the piano, organ, or some orchestral instru- ment at a level representing three years of study. Recommended Units for Admission It is recommended that all candidates offer 16 units of entrance credit and graduation from an accredited secondary school or submit an equivalency certificate acquired through examination. Ten of the 16 units offered for admission must be from the following subjects: English, foreign language, mathematics, science, and social studies. An applicant for admission whose preparatory courses do not coin- cide with the distribution of subject units (see below) may be considered if his academic record is of high quality and if he appears to be qualified to do college work satisfactorily. All entrance deficiencies must be re- moved before sophomore academic status will be granted. 16 DISTRIBUTION OF SUBJECT UNITS English 4 units Foreign Language (in one language)* 2 Mathematics 2 Science (laboratory) 1 Social Studies 1 Electives 6 Total required 16 Transfer Credit A student applying for advanced standing at Lebanon Valley Col- lege after having attended another accredited institution of higher educa- tion shall submit an official transcript of his record and evidence of good standing to the director of admissions. If requested, he must provide copies of the appropriate catalogs for the years of attendance at the other institution or institutions. Credits are accepted for transfer provided that the grades received are C (2.0) or better and the work is equivalent or similar to work offered at Lebanon Valley College. Grades thus transferred count for hours only, not for quality points. Students, with the exception of those in the medical technology pro- gram, who transfer from two-year institutions are required to earn at least 60 hours of credit from a four-year institution for graduation. A minimum of 30 hours must be taken at Lebanon Valley College by all students to meet the residence requirement. Transfer students may be required to take placement examinations to demonstrate adequate preparation for advanced courses at Lebanon Valley College. Subject to the conditions listed in the second paragraph, Lebanon Valley College will recognize for transfer credit a maximum of 15 hours of USAFI course work provided such credit is recommended by the American Council on Education's publication, A Guide to the Evaluation of Educational Experiences in the Armed Services. Credit will not be granted for correspondence courses. Advanced Placement Advanced placement and/or credit in certain areas may be granted to entering students who make scores of 3, 4, or 5 on the College Board Advanced Placement examination. Advanced placement without credit may be granted on the basis of the Achievement Tests of the College Board Examinations or such other proficiency tests as may be determined by the assistant dean of the col- lege and by the chairman of the department in which advanced placement is sought. * If an applicant cannot present the two units of foreign language, he will be re- quired to take a minimum of two years of one language in college. His credits for this work will be counted toward graduation requirements. 17 STUDENT FINANCES Lebanon Valley College is a private, non-profit institution. It derives its financial support from endowment and gifts from the United Method- ist Church, alumni, industry, friends, and from the tuition, fees, and other charges paid by the students. The cost to the student is maintained at a level consistent with adequate facilities and high quality instruction. Fees and Deposits An application fee of $10.00 which is not refundable is charged each applicant against the cost of processing his application for ad- mission. An admission deposit of $100.00, payable within ten days of notification of acceptance, is required of all new (including transfer) students. Until this deposit is paid the student is not guaranteed a place in the entering class. The admission deposit is not refundable; it will be applied to the student's account upon registration. 1974-1975 Fee Structure for Full-time Degree Candidates Per Semester Per Year Comprehensive Fee $1,220.00 $2,440.00 Fee includes the following per semester: Tuition $1,187.00 Fees 32.50 Student Insurance $ 29.00 $ 29.00 Total Charges for Commuting Student $1,249.00** $2,469.00** Room 242.50 485.00 Dining Hall 367.50 735.00 Total Charge for Resident Student $1,859.00** $3,689.00** Private Music Instruction (i^ hour per week) Beyond the First Half Hour $75.00 per semester Transcript in Excess of One $1.00 A required insurance fee is collected in the first semester of the stu- dent's enrollment and a pro-rata charge applies to the student who first enrolls in the second semester. The contingency deposit in the amount of $25.00 must be made be- fore registration and is required of all full-time students and will be re- funded upon graduation or withdrawal from college provided no damage has been caused by the student. All student breakage that occurs in col- lege-operated facilities will be charged against this deposit and the amount must be repaid to the college within 30 days of notice to the student. A fee of $10.00 is charged each student who does not register for classes during any prescribed pre-registration or registration period. A ** The fee structure (student charges) as pubHshed in this catalog are subject to change or revision at the discretion of the college. 18 fee of $5.00 is charged for every change of course made at the student's request after registration. The fee for part-time students (less than 12 credit hours per semes- ter) is 175.00 per semester credit hour plus a $2.00 registration fee. Auxiliary School Fee Structure ( Evening and Summer ) Tuition, $60.00 per semester credit hour Registration fee, $2.00 Late preregistration or registration fee, $5.00 Change of registration fee, $5.00 Payment of Fees and Deposits Semester charges are due and payable in full on August 10 (first semester) and January 2 (second semester) as a condition for registration. Those preferring to pay semester charges in monthly installments are invited to consult with the office of the controller regarding deferred pay- ment plans offered by various financial institutions. Arrangements for deferred payment plans shall be completed early enough to assure pay- ment of bills no later than the date that semester charges are due and payable (August 10 and January 2). A satisfactory settlement of all college accounts is required before grades are released, transcripts are sent, honorable dismissal granted, or degree conferred. Refund Policy Refunds, as indicated below, are allowed only to students who offi- cially withdraw from the college by completing the clearance procedure: Period of student attendance in % of tuition college from date classes begin refunded Less than three weeks 75% Over three weeks 0% The above refund schedule also applies to part-time students, and to full-time students who withdraw from a course or courses so as to reduce the remaining course load to less than 12 semester credit hours. A refund on board charge is allowed for the period beginning after honorable official withdrawal. No refund is allowed on student charges when a student retains his class standing during his absence from college because of illness or for any other reason. No refund is allowed on room charges. No refund is allowed on room deposit except when withdrawal results from suspension or dis- missal by college action or when withdrawal results from entrance into active military service. Residence Halls Residence hall rooms are reserved only for those returning students who make an advance room reservation deposit of $50.00. (Receipt must be presented at the time of room sign-up which occurs during April.) 19 Occupants must pay for any breakage or loss of furniture, or any other damage for which they are responsible. Each room in the men's residence halls is furnished with chests of drawers, book case, beds, mattresses, chairs, and study tables. Drapes are provided in Funkhouser, Hammond, and Keister Halls. Students must provide bedding, rugs, lamps, and all other furnishings. Each room in the women's residence halls is furnished with beds, mattresses, chairs, dressers, book case, and study tables. Drapes are pro- vided in Mary Green and Vickroy Halls. Other desired furnishings must be supplied by the student. Students rooming in residence halls may not sublet their rooms to commuting students or to others. Since Lebanon Valley College is primarily a boarding institution, all students are required to live in college-owned or controlled residence halls. Exceptions to the above are: married students, students living with immediate relatives, or those living in their own homes who commute daily to the campus. Should vacancies occur in any of the residence halls, the college re- serves the right to require students rooming in the community to move into a residence hall. The college reserves the right to close all residence halls during vaca- tions and between semesters. The college reserves the right to inspect any student's room at any time. Periodic inspection of residence halls will be made by members of the administration. The college is not responsible for loss of personal possessions by the students. Lounges are provided by the college for resident and commuting students. Meals All resident students are required to take their meals in the college dining rooms. Commuting students may arrange for meals Monday through Friday, on a semester basis, if space is available. FINANCIAL AID Lebanon Valley College offers financial aid to deserving students who have been accepted for admission insofar as its aid funds permit. Students apply for financial aid by submitting the Parents' Confidential Statement (PCS) directly to the College Scholarship Service, Box 176, Princeton, New Jersey 08540. Applications for financial aid (PCS) are available to high scliool seniors in the guidance counselor's office and to college upper- classmen in the financial aid office. It is not necessary to await notification of acceptance to Lebanon Valley College before applying for financial aid; in fact, application for financial aid should be made as early as possible and no later than February 1. All financial aid is awarded for one year on the basis of financial 20 need (except Presidential Scholarships). The PCS form assists the finan- cial aid officer in determining the applicant's need for financial aid. Partic- ipants in CSS subscribe to the principle that the amount of financial aid granted a student should be based upon financial need. Students re- ceiving aid from sources outside the college are required to report the amount and source of financial aid to the financial aid office. The college reserves the right to review and to adjust the financial aid offering and award accordingly. The college also requires that a notarized or certified copy of the parents' most recent income tax return (Form 1040) be sent directly to the Financial Aid Office, Lebanon Valley College. If a notarized copy is unavailable a "Request for Copy of Tax Return" Form 4506 should be secured from the nearest office of the Internal Revenue Service. All financial aid is reviewed annually. Eligibility for renewal of financial aid is based upon need as established on the renewal PCS, satis- factory conduct, and maintenance of the required scholastic average. Presidential Scholarships Presidential Scholarships are awarded to entering students by the president of Lebanon Valley College in recognition of superior attain- ment in high school study. A 2.5 cumulative grade-point average each semester is required for automatic reinstatement of these awards. Grants-in-Aid Grants-in-aid are available to entering freshmen and upperclassmen who have demonstrated capability either in high school or in college work. A 2.0 cumulative grade-point average each semester is required for automatic continuation of these grants. Annual renewal of the PCS is required for upperclassmen. Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grants Educational grants range from $200 to $1,000 per academic year and are based upon genuine need as stipulated by the federal government and supported by the Parents' Confidential Statement. Student Loans National Direct Student Loans are available under the Higher Ed- ucation Act of 1965 as amended. Qualifying students may borrow up to $1,000 per year. A Parents' Confidential Statement must be submitted. Student Employment Programs A student in need of financial assistance may be assigned a campus employment position. The College Work Study Program is underwritten by the federal government to the extent of 80 percent of the earnings. In addition, the college operates its own student employment pro- gram affording opportunities for students to work in a variety of positions as their schedules permit. For further information, write to the Financial Aid Officer, Lebanon Valley College, Annville, Pennsylvania 17003. 21 ACADEMIC PROGRAMS &: PROCEDURES REQUIREMENTS FOR DEGREES Lebanon Valley College confers five bachelor degrees. They are: Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science, Bachelor of Science in Chemistry, Bachelor of Science in Medical Technology, and Bachelor of Science in Nursing. The degree of Bachelor of Arts is conferred upon students who com- plete the requirements for graduation in the following areas, and who are recommended by the faculty and approved by the Board of Trustees: English, foreign languages, French, German, history, mathematics, music, philosophy, physics, political science, psychology, religion, social science, sociology, and Spanish. The Degiee of Bachelor of Science is conferred upon students who complete the requirements in the following areas, and who are recom- mended by the faculty and approved by the Board of Trustees: actuarial science, biology, chemistry, cooperative engineering, cooperative forestry, economics and business administration, elementary education, mathe- matics, music education, and physics. The professional degrees of Bachelor of Science in Chemistry, Bache- lor of Science in Medical Technology and Bachelor of Science in Nursing are conferred upon students who complete the requirements in the re- spective professional areas and who are recommended by the faculty and approved by the Board of Trustees. Semester Hours The requirements tor degrees are stated in "semester hours of credit" which are based upon the satisfactory completion of courses of instruc- tion. Generally, one semester hour of credit is given for each class hour a week throughout the semester. In courses requiring laboratory work, not less than two hours of laboratory work a week throughout a semester are required for a semester hour of credit. A semester is a term of ap- proximately 15 weeks. Candidates for degrees must obtain a minimum of 120 semester hours credit in academic work in addition to the required courses in freshman and sophomore physical education. However, a student who has a physical disability may be excused (on recommendation from the college physician) from the requirement in physical education. Major As a part of the total requirement of 120 hours, every candidate for a degree must present at least 24 semester hours of course work in one department (this is his major). The initial selection of a major may be 22 indicated or recorded any time before the end of the student's sophomore year. Such a choice of department or curriculum in which he will pur- sue work of special concentration must be made by the time of registra- tion for the junior year. A student shall be accepted as a major in a department so long as he has not demonstrated (by achieving less than the minimum grade- point average in the desired major) that he is incapable of doing satis- factory work in the department. A student accepted as a major has the right to remain in that department, except by special action of the dean of the college, as long as he is in college. Substitution or waiving of specific courses required for the major may be approved by the departmental chairmen or advisers in a special curriculum upon student request. Examinations Candidates for degrees are required to take end of course examina- tions if scheduled. Residence Requirement Degrees will be conferred only upon those candidates earning in residence a minimum of 30 semester hours out of the last 36 taken before the date of the conferring of the degree, or before the transfer to a co- operating program. Residence credit is given for course work completed in regular day classes and in evening and summer session courses taken on campus. Grade-Point Averages Candidates for degrees must also obtain a cumulative grade-point average of 1.75, computed in accordance with the grading system indi- cated below. In addition, candidates must earn a grade-point average of 2.0 in the major field of study. Only grades received in courses taken on campus or in courses staffed by Lebanon Valley College at the University Center at Harrisburg are used to determine grade-point averages. System of Grading and Quality Points The work of a student in each subject is graded A, B, C, D, or F, with the plus and minus available to faculty members who wish to use them. These grades have the following meanings: A — distinguished performance B — superior work C — general satisfactory achievement D — course requirements and standards satisfied at a minimum level F — course requirements and standards not satisfied at a minimum level A student may not take any course which has as a prerequisite a 23 course that he has failed. If a student fails in a course twice, he may not take it a third time. In addition to the above grades the symbols "I," "W," "WP," and "WF" are used on grade reports and in college records. "I" indicates that the work is incomplete (that the student has postponed with the prior consent of the instructor and for substantial reason, certain required work), but otherwise satisfactory. This work must be completed within the first six weeks of the beginning of the semester following, or the "I" will be converted to an F. Appeals for extension of time beyond six weeks must be presented in writing to the assistant dean of the college not later than one week after the beginning of the next semester. W indicates withdrawal from a course any time within the first five weeks of classes of a semester without prejudice to the student's standing. In case of withdrawal from a course after five weeks and not later than the end of ten weeks, the symbol WP will be entered if the student's work is satisfactory, and WF if his work is unsatisfactory. The grade WP will be considered as without prejudice to the student's standing, but the grade WF will be counted as an F. If a student withdraws from a course after ten weeks, without a reason satisfactory to the assistant dean of the col- lege, a grade of WF will be recorded. For courses in which no academic credit is involved, student work is evaluated as either S (Satisfactory) or U (Unsatisfactory). For each semester hour credit in a course in which a student is graded A, he receives 4 quality points; A- 3.7; B+, 3.3; B, 3; B-, 2.7; etc. F carries no credit and no quality points. Pass/Fail Grading After attaining sophomore standing (28 semester hours credit), a stu- dent may elect to take up to two courses per semester and one one- semester course per summer session on a P/F basis, but only six of these courses can be counted toward graduation requirements. Any courses not being counted toward the fulfillment of the general requirements or the specified major requirements may be optional on a pass/fail basis. Any prerequisite course taken on a P/F basis and suc- cessfully completed will satisfy the prerequisite. Each department may, with the approval of the dean of the college, designate certain courses, including those specifically required for the major, in which the grading will be P/F for all students enrolled. Such courses may not be taken for regular grading even if a student desires it. Any course so designated shall not count toward the total number of courses available P/F to the student. Any course taken on a P/F basis will be graded P/H (pass with dis- tinction), P (pass), or F (fail). P/H is defined as B+ and up, P is defined as D- through B; and F is below D-. Any course completed on a P/F basis shall be counted toward gradu- ation requirements, but only an F grade shall be included in computing the grade-point average. All passing grades shall be treated on the record as is transfer credit. 24 The student will indicate at registration or any time during the semester the courses that he has elected to take on a P/F basis. He may, with the approval of his adviser, change his option for P/F grading to the regular grading basis or from regular grading to P/F grading through the last day of classes in the semester. Instructors may be informed of the grading option selected by the student only after semester grades in the course have been recorded. In- structors will submit for each student an A through F grade which will be converted to P/H, P, or F for students selecting this grading system. Transfer Students Students transferring from two-year institutions (except those in the medical technology program) are required to have at least 60 hours of work at a four-year institution for graduation. All students must take a minimum of 30 hours at Lebanon Valley College to meet the residence requirement. (See page 23.) Students transferring from other institutions must secure a grade- point average of 1.75 or better in work taken at Lebanon Valley College, and must meet the 2.0 grade-point average in their major field. Attendance at May Baccalaureate and Commencement Programs All seniors are required to attend the May baccalaureate and com- mencement programs at which their degrees are to be conferred. Degrees will be conferred in absentia only for the most compelling reasons and only upon a written request approved by the assistant dean of the college. Such requests must be submitted at least two weeks prior to the date of commencement. Faculty approval is required for the conferring of the degree and the issuance of the diploma in any case of willful failure to comply with these regulations. 25 GENERAL AND DISTRIBUTION REQUIREMENTS REQUIREMENT AND AREA REQUIRED OR Semester ELIGIBLE COURSES I. General Requirements: Hours English Composition* 6 En 111/112 Foreign Language* 3-6 Fr 111, 112; Ger 111, 112, 113, 114; Intermediate Level of any Ian- Gk 211, 212; Ru 111, 112; Sp 111, guage (or French 115, Ger- 112; OR man 115, or Spanish 115) Fr 115; Ger 115; Sp 115 Religion 6 Re 111, 112, OR Physical Education Re 111 or 112, and Re 120 or 140 (4 semesters) II. Distribution Requirements: Humanities: Three one-semester Ar 110, 201, 202; En 221/222, 225/226, courses (not more than two 227/228, 229, 321/322, 338; from one field) to be chosen FL 315H/316H; Fr or Ger or Sp 116, from among art or music 221/222, 331/332, 441/442; Gk 321, treated as one field; interdis- 322, 431, 432; IC 130; Mu 100 or ciplinary courses; literature 341/342; all philosophy courses ex- as offered by the Depart- cept Ph 120, 365 and 500; Re 211, ment of English; literature 222; and Re 120, 140 if not used to as offered by the Depart- meet religion general requirement, ment of Foreign Languages; philosophy; religion 9 Social Sciences: Three one-semes- An 211; Ec 110, 120; all history courses ter courses (not more than except Hi 412 and 500; PS 111/112, two from one field) to be 311, 314; So 111/112, 333. chosen from among anthro- pology, economics, history, political science, sociology . 9 Natural Sciences: Three one-se- Bi 101/102, 111, 112; Ch 111, 112; mester courses (not more Ma 100, 102, 111, 161, 170; Phy 100, than two from one field) 103, 104, 111, 112; Psy 110, 225, 226, to be chosen from among 444. biology, chemistry, math- ematics, physics, psychology. At least one course must be a laboratory science 9-12 * Requirement can be met by proficiency examinations selected by the chairman of the department involved in consultation with the assistant dean of the college, or through the Advanced Placement Program. The foreign language requirement may also be met by the Foreign Language Achievement Test in some instances. No course in the major field shall be used to meet general or distribution require- ments, except that a Social Science major may use nine (9) hours of the Major Re- quirement to meet Social Science Distribution Requirements. No course taken as a general requirement may count toward a major. Credit may be given for an elementary language // the student had two (2) or more years of the same language in secondary school and the Department of Foreign Lan- guages recommends that credit be given by reason of inadequate background of the student to take the intermediate level. No credit is given for an elementary language course if credit for the same elementary language course was given on transfer from another institution. 26 THE COLLEGE HONORS PROGRAM The college honors program exists for the following purposes: to provide an opportunity for intellectually able students to develop their abilities to the fullest extent, to recognize and encourage superior aca- demic achievement, and to stimulate all members of the college family to greater interest and activity in the intellectual concerns of college life. These objectives are pursued by means of a double-phased program consisting of (1) honors sections in a number of courses included in the general and distribution requirements taken for the most part during the student's freshman and sophomore years, and (2) a departmental honors plan by which a student during his junior and senior years may do individual work within the department of his major concentration. An honors student may participate in either of these phases of the program without participating in the other. An over-all grade-point average of 3.00 is a requirement for the maintenance of honors status. Appropriate recognition is given students who successfully complete either phase or both phases of the college honors program. HONORS SECTIONS Honors sections are offered in the following courses: English 111/112 (English Composition I, II), Religion 1 1 1 (Introduction to Biblical Thought), Religion 112 (Introduction to the Christian Faith), Economics 110, 120 (Principles of Economics I, II), English 227/228 (World Liter- ature I, II), Foreign Language 315H/316H (Contemporary European Literature I, II), History 125/126 (Survey of United States History I, II), and Psychology 110 (General Psychology). The satisfactory completion of eighteen hours of honors work is required for official recognition of par- ticipation in this phase of the college honors program. Freshmen are admitted to honors sections on the basis of their aca- demic standing in secondary school, performance in the College Entrance Examination Board tests, the recommendation of teachers and counselors, and personal interviews with members of the Honors Council. Students not accepted initially can be admitted to the program at the beginning of subsequent semesters as they demonstrate ability to do superior work. The seminar and tutorial methods are used to the greatest possible extent, and sections are kept small in size. DEPARTMENTAL HONORS Departmental honors may be taken in the student's major field in the junior and senior years. This program consists of a reading and/or re- search program producing a thesis or an essay. The latter is done on a problem or subject of the student's own choosing under the direct super- vision of a faculty adviser. Opportunity is also offered to do creative work. A maximum of nine hours credit can be earned in departmental honors. Departmental honors are offered in all departments with the excep- tion of physical education. 27 For further details regarding requirements and procedures in depart- mental honors see the appropriate paragraph under each department in the catalog section "Courses of Study." AUXILIARY SCHOOLS Summer, Evening, Extension Summer sessions, evening classes on campus, and extension classes in the University Center at Harrisbuig have enabled teachers, state em- ployees, and others in active employment to attend college courses and secure academic degrees. By a careful selection of courses, made in consul- tation with the appropriate adviser, students can meet many of the re- quirements for a baccalaureate degree. Some courses may be taken for provisional and permanent teaching certification; others may be taken with the aim of transferring credit to another institution. Many courses lead to professional advancement or are of direct benefit to persons in business or industry, while others assist in broadening the student's voca- tional, social, and cultural background. Separate brochures are published for the summer session and the eve- ning classes. For copies or for other information pertaining to the summer session or evening classes write to the Assistant Dean of the College, Lebanon Valley College, Annville, Pennsylvania 17003. Summer Session Regular enrolled students may, by taking summer session courses, meet the requirements for the bachelor's degree in three years. Campus Evening Classes Evening classes are offered on the campus, Monday through Thurs- day, and carry residence credit. The evening school includes an ENRICH Program in Business Ad- ministration. The student receives a certificate of achievement upon successful completion of the 60 semester-hour program. University Center at Harrisburg Extension classes are offered in the William Penn High School, Third and Division Streets, and at the Center's campus, 2991 North Front Street, Harrisburg, 17110, on Monday through Thursday evenings and on Satur- day mornings during the regular academic semesters. Classes meet during the summer sessions on Monday, Tuesday, and Thursday evenings. Leba- non Valley College's extension program in Harrisburg is carried on in conjunction with Elizabethtown College, Temple University, The Penn- sylvania State University, and the University of Pennsylvania. All students admitted and enrolled for a degree at the college are re- quired to secure the permission of their advisers and the assistant dean of the college prior to enrolling for any courses at the University Center at Harrisburg. For details pertaining to the University Center at Harrisburg write or call the director at 2991 North Front Street, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania 17110, at 238-9694 during the day or 238-9696 during the evening. 28 ^lARINE BIOLOGY PROGRAM Lebanon Valley College offers a limited program in marine biology in ooperation with the University of Delaware College of Marine Studies nd the University of Georgia Marine Institute. Under this program the student takes the necessary fundamental sci- nce courses on campus and spends six to ten weeks in the summer be- ween his junior and senior years at the University of Delaware College of klarine Studies, Lewes, Delaware. Nine credits of marine science work an thus be earned for transfer to Lebanon Valley College. In addition, short field trips are made to Lewes as part of the ecol- igy course (Biology 404). An extended field trip is made in the senior ear to Sapelo Island, site of the University of Georgia Marine Institute. )pportunities are given here for study of various aspects of the ecology f an undisturbed marsh ecosystem and of basic oceanographic research lethodology. The college believes that the best preparation for a career in marine iology is a thorough grounding in biology, chemistry, physics, and mathe- fiatics. With the addition of the specific work in ecology and marine cience, on campus and at the cooperating institutions, a student is well )repared both for an immediate career as well as for graduate work in he field. UNIOR YEAR ABROAD A Lebanon Valley student may spend his junior year abroad in study mder a program administered by an accredited American college or uni- ersity, or in a program approved by Lebanon Valley College. Such a tudent must have maintained a B average at Lebanon Valley College, lust be proficient in the language spoken in the country in which he will tudy, and must be a person who in the judgment of the assistant dean of he college and the faculty will be a worthy representative of his own ountry. His proposed course of study must be approved by the chairman f his department and the assistant dean of the college. VASHINGTON SEMESTER PROGRAM Students at Lebanon Valley College are eligible to participate in the Vashington Semester Program which is offered in cooperation with Amer- :an University in Washington, D.C. This includes the study of the American governmental and political system as a whole (the Washington emester), the urban polity and intergovernmental decision-making in irban affairs (the Washington Urban Semester), American foreign policy jrmulation and implementation (the Foreign Policy Semester), and inter- ational development (the International Development Semester). Stu- ents in the first two programs take a seminar, which includes meetings ath public officials, political figures, private interest group representa- ives, and other knowledgeable persons; an individual research project etermined in consultation with instructors at Lebanon Valley and Amer- :an University; and either an elective course at the university or an nternship program arranged with a political or administrative office in 29 Washington. The Foreign Policy Semester and the International Develop- ment semester are modules, expected to occupy the student's full academic time. The program is open to juniors and seniors in any major field who have at least a 2.5 average, have had the basic courses in American na- tional government, and are recommended by the chairman of the depart- ment of history and political science. Two students from the college will be selected each November by American University to participate in the following spring semester. Students in the program have the same status as full-time undergraduates at American University and will receive full credit for one semester's work toward their degree at Lebanon Valley College. ACADEMIC PROCEDURES Registration and Pre-Registration Students are required to register for classes on official registration days and on designated pre-registration days of each semester. Informa- tion concerning the dates for official registration and pre-registration is listed in the college calendar, pages 3 and 4. Late Registration and Pre-Registration Students registering later than the days and hours specified will be charged a late registration fee of ten dollars. Students desiring to register later than one week after the opening of the semester will be admitted only by special permission of the assistant dean of the college. Students who do not pre-register during the designated time will be charged a late pre-registration fee of ten dollars. Change of Registration Change of registration, including pass/ fail elections, when necessary, must be made over the signature of the adviser. In most instances regis- tration for a course will not be permitted after the course has been in session for one full week. With the permission of his adviser, a student may withdraw from a course at any time within the first five weeks of classes in a semester without prejudice. (See page 24.) A fee of $5.00 is charged for every change of course made at the student's request after registration. Orientation for New Students A spring orientation day is held annually for incoming students. At this time the activities include a general orientation to the college, coun- seling with academic advisers, and pre-registration for courses. Special sessions for parents are a vital part of the program. An orientation period of several days at the beginning of the college year is provided to help new students, both freshmen and transfers, to become familiar with their academic surroundings. This time is devoted to lectures, social activities, and informal meetings with upperclassmen and members of the faculty. 30 During the first semester all freshmen and transfer students are re- quired to participate in an orientation course which includes a series of lectures and discussions on college procedures, campus activities, and methods of study. Discontinuance of Course The college reserves the right to withdraw or discontinue any course for which an insufficient number of students have registered. Repetition of Courses No student shall be permitted to repeat for credit, grade, or quality points a course for which he has already received a passing grade. If a course failed at any time on campus is repeated and passed on campus beginning with the first semester, 1972-1973, the failure is ig- nored in the calculation of cumulative grade-point averages in the semester in which the course is passed and thereafter. The grade of F remains on the permanent record card, with an asterisk used to indicate that the course was repeated and passed. Concurrent Courses A student enrolled for a degree at Lebanon Valley College may not carry courses concurrently at any other institution without the prior con- sent of his adviser and the assistant dean of the college. Neither may a regular student carry work concurrently in evening or extension courses without the prior permission of his adviser and the assistant dean of the college. A student registered at Lebanon Valley College may not obtain credit for courses taken in other colleges, including the University Center at Harrisburg, during the summer unless such courses have prior approval of his adviser and the assistant dean of the college. Auditing Courses Full-time students are permitted to register to audit courses with the consent of the instructor and the academic adviser. The regular tuition fee is charged. Neither grade nor credit is given either at the time the course is audited or thereafter. A change of registration from credit to audit or from audit to credit must be accomplished by the end of the fifth week of classes of the semester. Faculty Advisers Each student is assigned a faculty adviser who serves in the capacity of friendly counselor. The initial selection of a major may be indicated or recorded any time before the end of the student's sophomore year. Such a choice of de- partment or curriculum in which to pursue work of special concentration must be made by the time of registration for the junior year. This depart- ment or curriculum shall be known as his major. A student shall be ac- cepted as a major in a department so long as he has not demonstrated (by achieving less than the minimum grade-point average in the desired ma- 31 jor) that he is incapable of doing satisfactory work in the department. The chairman or another member of the department or the adviser of the curriculum in which the student has elected to major becomes the adviser for that student. The adviser's approval is necessary before a student may register for or withdraw from any course, select or change his pass/fail elections, or change registration from credit to audit or from audit to credit. Arrangement of Schedules Each student arranges his course of study and his class schedule in consultation with, and by approval of, his faculty adviser. Students already in attendance do this during pre-registration periods. New students ac- complish this on the spring orientation day. Limit of Hours To be classified as full-time, a student must take at least twelve se- mester hours of work. Sixteen semester hours of work is the maximum permitted without approval of the adviser and special permission of the assistant dean of the college; physical education carries no credit. The privilege of carrying extra hours will be granted only for com- pelling reasons and only when a satisfactory grade level has been main- tained for the previous semester. Academic Classification Students are classified academically at the beginning of each year. Membership in the sophomore, junior, or senior classes is granted to those students who have earned a minimum of 28, 56, or 84 semester hours credit respectively. All entrance deficiencies must be removed before the academic status of sophomore is granted. Counseling and Placement Lebanon Valley College recognizes as part of its responsibility to its students the need for providing sound educational, vocational, and per- sonal counseling. Measures of interest, ability, aptitude, and personality, in addition to other counseling techniques, are utilized in an effort to help each student come to a fuller realization of his capabilities and per- sonality. An important part of the counseling program consists of a series of lectures and discussions conducted as a non-credit orientation course for new students. Placement services are provided by the college for aiding students in procuring part-time employment while in college and in obtaining posi- tions upon graduation. A current file is maintained which contains in- formation about positions in various companies and institutions, civil service opportunities and examinations, entrance to professional schools, assistantships, and fellowships. Representatives of business, industry, and educational institutions visit the campus annually to interview seniors for prospective employment. A file of credentials and activities of those stu- dents availing themselves of the services is available to prospective em- 32 ployers. Graduates may keep their individual files active by reporting additional information to the director of industrial placement. A Teacher Placement Bureau which assists students in finding posi- tions is maintained. Records of students' credentials in all areas of student activities are on file. ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS The rules of the college are designed to provide for proper regulation of the academic community. The rules and regulations as stated in this bulletin are announcements and in no way serve as a contract between the student and the college. Attendance at the college is a privilege and not a right. The student by his act of registration concedes to the college the right to require his withdrawal any time deemed necessary to safe- guard the ideals of scholarship and character, and to secure compliance with regulations. It is expected that the conduct of all campus citizens will conform to accepted standards. All students are required to respond to communications sent by any duly constituted authority of the college. Class Attendance Each student is held responsible for knowing and meeting all require- ments for each course, including regular class attendance. Because of differences in various disciplines, specific regulations governing class at- tendance are set by each department, approved by the dean of the col- lege, and administered by the instructor. At the opening of each course the instructor will clearly inform the students of the regulations on class attendance. Violations of class attendance regulations will make the stu- dent liable to being dropped from the course with a failing grade, upon the recommendation of the instructor and with the approval of the assis- tant dean of the college. In case he is absent from class because of illness, the student reports the fact of the illness to the instructor. Excused absences are granted by the assistant dean of the college only for participation in official func- tions of the college. Students on academic probation are permitted only excused absences. Excused absences do not absolve the student from the necessity of ful- filling all course requirements. Academic Dishonesty Instances of open and conclusive academic dishonesty are dealt with in accordance with the following regulations: For the first offense the faculty member shall have the authority to fail the student in the course. For the second offense the student shall be failed in the course and additional action taken, up to and including expulsion from college, if deemed warranted by the dean of the college. For the third offense, if the second act of dishonesty did not warrant expulsion in the opinion of the dean of the college, the student shall be punished by failure in the course and expulsion from the college. 33 Chapel-Convocation Program A chapel-convocation program is held regularly each week. The weekly programs are augmented by additional events at other times dur- ing the semester. From the total of twenty-four programs each full-time student will select not less than twelve to fulfill his attendance require- ment for the semester. For each unexcused absence, resulting in less than twelve attendances, one hour will be added to the hours required for graduation. Hazing Hazing is strictly prohibited. Any infringement by members of other classes upon the personal rights of freshmen as individuals is interpreted as hazing. Cars and Student Parking All cars owned or operated by Lebanon Valley College students must be registered with the office of the dean of students. Violations of estab- lished parking regulations will result in fines and may result in suspen- sion or revocation of parking privileges. Transcripts Each student, former student, or graduate is entitled to one transcript of his college record without charge. For each copy after the first, a fee of one dollar is charged. Regulations Regarding Academic Probation, Suspension, Dismissal, Withdrawal A. Probation A student can be placed on academic probation by the dean of the college or suspended or dismissed if his academic standing fails to come up to the grade-point average shown in the following table: Suspension or Probation dismissal 1st semester 1.25 2nd semester 1.50 1.25 cumulative 3rd semester 1 .65 4th semester 1.75 1.50 cumulative 5th semester 1.75 6th semester 1.75 1.65 cumulative 7th & 8th semesters 1.75 in all courses A student placed on academic probation is notified of such status by the dean of the college and informed of the college regulations governing probationers. Students on probation are required to regulate their work and their times so as to make a most determined effort to bring their work up to the required standard. When a student is placed on academic probation, faculty and par- ents are notified by the dean of the college. The dean of the college may 34 terminate the period of probation of any student. Usually this occurs at the end of a semester or summer session. Infraction of the following regulations governing probationers ren- der a student liable to dismissal: 1. No unexcused class absences will be permitted. 2. Any office or activity in any college organization that involves such expenditure of time as to jeopardize the successful pursuit of academic work must be relinquished. B. Suspension 1. A student who obviously fails to achieve at a level commensurate with his measured ability may be suspended for at least one semester. 2. A student suspended for academic reasons is not eligible for re- instatement for at least one semester, preferably two. 3. A student seeking reinstatement to Lebanon Valley College must apply in writing to the dean of the college. 4. Students suspended for academic reasons are not permitted to reg- ister for work in the auxiliary schools except for the most compelling reasons and then only with the approval of the assistant dean of the college. 5. A student may be suspended without a prior period on probation. C. Dismissal A student dismissed for academic reasons is not eligible for readmis- sion. D. Withdrawal from College and Readmission Official withdrawal from the college is accomplished only by the com- pletion of withdrawal forms obtained in the office of the assistant dean of the college and registrar. This is the sole responsibility of the student. Application for readmission will be considered only if the formal withdrawal procedure has been followed at the time of withdrawal. STUDENT ACTIVITIES THE RELIGIOUS LIFE Lebanon Valley College was founded as a Christian college and con- tinues to be dedicated to its faith. All students are invited and urged to participate in some phase of religious activity. The Chapel-Convocation Program A series of twenty-four programs is held each semester from which each student selects a minimum of twelve to fulfill attendance require- ments. These programs include chapel services and convocation programs that are held on Tuesday mornings, as well as cultural events selected by the Chapel-Convocation Committee. This committee, with equal rep- resentation from administration, faculty, and students, will announce the total chapel-convocation program at the beginning of each semester. Rationale of Chapel-Convocation Policy The aims and objectives of Lebanon Valley College as they relate to the chapel-convocation policy and progiam have been duly published and constantly remind us that this institution was chartered to promote the highest human possibilities. The goals of our chapel-convocation policy and program derive from (1) our conception of the distinctive nature of the liberal arts and (2) the character of the academic community we would consciously shape. Every aspect of educational activity reflects qualitative concerns or a scale of values. The liberal arts inevitably raise fundamental questions which require honest regard for ultimate values and personal commit- ments. To insure responsible learning and human concern it is necessary to recognize the value-laden nature of all knowledge. Indeed, the liberal arts are not so much courses of study as they are human attributes or per- sonal qualities which enhance the possibility for rational discrimination, uncoerced decision, and responsible commitment. Chapel services and convocation progiams are considered therefore not only an opportunity to focus honest criticism upon our qualitative concerns and scale of values, but they are offered as an integrating experience for the development of the whole person. Thus, we believe an authentic liberal arts experience will engender a sense of mystery, reverence, adoration, and celebration of the Highest. Such an experience can be most profitably exercised and crea- tively structured in communal worship and convocation programs. Second, we believe a liberal arts college is a community of learning responsibly committed to humanistic values. But human values are not meaningfully experienced in abstraction or in isolation. Man is truly hu- man only in community and therefore man can be correctly understood only when seen in relation to God and fellow man. As an institution we consciously attempt to shape this community with reference to the values 36 of Jesus Christ which we confess to be our highest norm of truth and goodness; in Him we see authentic humanity as God's intention for all men. This orientation is not in any way an exclusion or bemeaning of non-Christians; rather, such a confession positively requires a good will and sincere openness to all persons. When a college seeks community at its highest and deepest levels through corporate learning and worship it does so for the same reason it provides a library, gymnasium, theatre, or laboratory, namely, opportunity for the highest human development. Of course it is fatuous to assume that every opportunity offered in college will prove to be an occasion for an enriching experience for every stu- dent; but that fact does not excuse the college from the obligation of pro- viding opportunities for experiences considered most essential to the realization of man's highest potential. In summary, a liberal arts institution may engage in a sort of quasi- education and will fail to serve the whole person if it defaults in its con- frontation with qualitative concerns, deflects from commitment to en- nobling values, or denies the need for corporate celebration of life's high- est good. Granted our conception of the nature of the liberal arts and the particular kind of community we seek to be, provision for corporate worship and convocation programs is integral to our total reason for being a liberal arts community committed to a definite value-orientation, i.e. Christian. Sunday Services The United Methodist Church and the other churches of the com- munity extend a warm welcome to all college students who wish to attend Sunday worship. There are seven churches of different denominations in Annville it- self. Other parishes of major religious groups not found in Annville are located within a five-mile radius of the college. PROJECT PROJECT is the all-campus organization which coordinates the ac- tivities of the various denominational religious groups on campus. It also provides programs and activities to fulfill the spiritual needs of the stu- dents and promotes the spirit of brotherhood in the college community. Throughout the year the organization sponsors a Big Sister-Little Sister, Big Brother-Little Brother program, and all-campus retreats for fun, fellowship, and relaxation. PROJECT also provides special seasonal ser- vices, opportunities for weekend work camps, presentations by guest speakers, films, dramas, and other types of programs. All students are welcome to assist in the planning and to participate in these activities. Denominational Organizations It is possible for the different denominations and faiths to organize their students into clubs or other type organizations. Each of these groups in turn elects one of its members to the Executive Board of PROJECT. 37 Because o£ the newness of this poHcy the number of organized rehgious clubs is not yet very large. Religious Emphasis Day This is one of the oustanding religious events of the school year. Notable speakers are invited to share their experiences with the student body through classroom lectures, seminars, convocations, and personal interviews. The Balmer Showers Lectureship This annual lectureship was established and endowed by the late Bishop Emeritus J. Balmer Showers, '07, of the Evangelical United Breth- ren Church. Under the stipulations of the endowment, the lectures are delivered by distinguished scholars of recognized leadership in the areas of Christian faith and theology, biblical archaeology and interpretation, and Christian ethics of the Christian ministry. Religion and Life Lectures The purpose of the Religion and Life Lectures is to deepen the stu- dent's understanding of some of the problems of life and the religious re- sources that are available to meet such problems. Currently, the Religion and Life Lectures and the Balmer Showers Lectures are coordinated into a series of three offerings at various times during the year. Delta Tau Chi Delta Tau Chi is an organization composed primarily of students who have decided to devote full-time service to church vocations. Mem- bership is open, however, to all students who wish to participate in its activities and subscribe to its purpose. The group holds regularly sched- uled meetings and daily meditations, sends deputations to churches, con- ducts programs at various hospitals and homes, and enters into other com- munity projects. CAMPUS ORGANIZATIONS Social Organizations Five organizations endeavor to enrich the social progiam of the col- lege by sponsoring social activities on the campus and in the community, and by broadening the experience of its members through group action. Delta Lambda Sigma Kappa Lambda Nu Knights of the Valley Kappa Lambda Sigma Phi Lambda Sigma Recognition Groups Students who have achieved scholastic distinction in their academic work or in certain areas are eligible for membership in honorary scho- lastic societies. Phi Alpha Epsilon Pi Gamma Mu Beta Beta Beta Psi Chi 38 Honorary and Service Organizations Six organizations exist to bring recognition to deserving music stu- dents and participants in dramatic activities or to function as service or- ganizations on the campus. Alpha Phi Omega Phi Mu Alpha Alpha Psi Omega Sigma Alpha Iota Gamma Sigma Sigma White Hats Publications Practical experience in management, writing, and editorial work is available to students through membership on the staffs of the college yearbook and the campus newspaper. The Quittapahilla La Vie Collegienne Departmental Clubs Many departmental clubs provide opportunities for students to par- ticipate in supplemental department activities. At regular meetings re- ports on appropriate topics are presented and discussed. Other activities sponsored by the departmental clubs include lectures by specialists in the club's particular field of interest, educational films, and field trips. Chemistry: American Chemical Modern Languages: French Club, Society Affiliate German Club, Russian Club, Economics: Investment Club, Spanish Club, International Club Business and Economics Club Physics: Physics Club, Student Education: Childhood Education Section of the American Institute Club, Student P.S.E.A. q£ physics English: Green Blotter Club Mathematics: Industrial Psychology: Psi Chi Mathematics Society Affiliate Sociology: Sociology Club Special Interest Groups Art Club Photography Club Bridge Club Ski Club Chess Club Jazz Band Dramatics and Music An opportunity to develop dramatic and musical talents under qual- ified leadership is offered to the students of Lebanon Valley College by the following organizations. All-Girl Band Guild Student Group Chapel Choir (American Guild of Organists) College Chorus Symphonic Band Concert Choir Symphony Orchestra Wig and Buckle Club Wind Ensemble 39 CULTURAL OPPORTUNITIES Lebanon Valley College offers cultural programs in the form of the Great Artists Series, concerts by students, faculty members, and musical organizations in the department of music, and lectures sponsored by the various departments of the college. In addition, the neighboring commu- nities of Harrisburg, Hershey, and Lebanon offer concerts, lectures, and other cultural activities throughout the year. STUDENT GOVERNMENT Ultimate responsibility for activities on the college campus rests with the faculty and the administration. However, the faculty and the admin- istration have delegated powers and responsibilities to the student govern- ing bodies so that, to a large extent, students govern themselves. The col- lege encourages initiative and self-government as a part of the democratic training offered. The representative organizations described below were established to function in areas of student government. They are privileged to conduct the affairs of the student body of Lebanon Valley College under their sep- arate responsibilities so as to guide and promote the affairs of the stu- dents in accordance with local, state, and federal laws and general institu- tional rules. Student Council The Student Council seeks to foster understanding and cooperation among the students, faculty and administration of Lebanon Valley Col- lege. It is the elected group that acts as the central clearing house for all recommendations and grievances, outside the area of responsibility of the Student Senate, which emanate from the student body. The Student Coun- cil also coordinates student activities and provides for the financing of those activities. It is composed of eighteen members. Student Senate The Student Senate, composed of twelve elected members, is the stu- dent disciplinary body. In addition to rendering decisions concerning stu- dent justice and assigning punishments for rule violations, it has the re- sponsibility of establishing social rules and regulations in accordance with the general rules of the college. One of the key concepts that under- lies student government is that it is the responsibility and obligation of each student to enforce the rules that have been established by the Stu- dent Senate. These rules and other information about student govern- ment are found in the L Book which is distributed to all students at the start of the school year. Student Governmeiit Executive Committee The highest authority in matters of student government at Lebanon Valley College is the Executive Committee. This group, composed of four students, two administrators, two faculty members, and the presi- dent of the college, who serves as chairman, has authority to make major 40 policy changes upon recommendation by the Student Senate or Student Council. It acts on matters or appeals referred to it by students, faculty members, administrators, the Student Senate, or the Student Council. Institutional Rules 1. There shall be no dichotomy between rules for men and rules for women and there shall be equality in all aspects except security mea- sures for women to be determined by the women. 2. Senior students and students twenty-one years of age and older are given preference in applying for permission to live off campus in the event the college is unable to furnish housing, provided preference is also given to students with such qualifications of age and class stand- ing who are not on academic or social probation. 3. The possession and /or consumption of alcoholic beverages by any one on any property owned by Lebanon Valley College is prohibited. 4. Any interference with the educational or administrative processes of the institution is forbidden. 5. Persons of the opposite sex may visit in an individual's dormitory room only within the limitations as stated in the L Book. 6. Gambling is forbidden on the campus. 7. Smoking is prohibited in all college buildings except in residents' rooms and where receptacles are provided by the college. 8. Pets shall not be kept in the dormitories unless they are approved by the office of the dean of students. 9. All firearms are prohibited on campus. 10. Pledging and initiation into any organization may not include any physical abuse. ATHLETICS AND RECREATION Lebanon Valley College maintains a full program of intramural and intercollegiate athletic activities. Intramural leagues and tournaments are conducted in the various sports for men, while the women acquire points toward individual awards by participation in the women's intramural program. The college participates in nine intercollegiate sports for men (base- ball, basketball, cross-country, football, golf, lacrosse, soccer, track, wres- tling) and two for women (basketball and hockey). Lebanon Valley College is a member of the following national and regional athletic associations: National Collegiate Athletic Association, Middle Atlantic States Collegiate Athletic Conference, Eastern College Athletic Conference, and Central Pennsylvania Field Hockey Association. Aims and Objectives of Intercollegiate Athletics Lebanon Valley College supports its intercollegiate athletics program because it offers its students an opportunity to participate in activities that afford an outlet for competitive spirit and vitality, while further pro- viding each student with an opportunity to develop, understand and ap- preciate the values of teamwork, pride, morale, dedication, physical fit- ness and school spirit. 41 COURSES OF STUDY GENERAL INFORMATION Course Numbering System The first digit of the three-digit course number indicates the aca- demic year in which the course is normally taken. Thus, a course is nor- mally taken in the senior year if the first digit is 4, in the junior year if it is 3, in the sophomore year if it is 2, and in the freshman year if it is 1. (A first digit of 1 may also indicate that the course may be taken by fresh- men even though it is usually taken by sophomores, juniors or seniors.) A first digit of 5 is employed for courses in private music instruction and independent study courses. Course numbers for music organizations have 6 as a first digit. The same number is used each time a student en- rolls in a course whose first digit is 5 or 6. A course is offered in the first semester if the third digit is an odd number, in the second semester if the third digit is an even number. A course with as a third digit is a one-semester course offered in both semesters. A comma separating the numbers of two courses with a common title indicates that the first course (offered in the first semester) is a pre- requisite to the second course (offered in the second semester). A slash (/) separating the numbers of two courses with a common title indicates that the first course is not a prerequisite for the second course. A course is offered every year if an academic year is not indicated. Course Credit Semester hours of credit, class hours per week, and laboratory hours per week are indicated by three numbers at the end of the line containing the course number and title. For example, "4:3:3" for Biology 201 means four semester hours of credit, three classroom hours per week, and three laboratory hours per week. ART Assistant Professor Iskowitz; Adjunct Professor Wise 110. Introduction to Art. 3:3:0. Either semester. Students are introduced to various visual forms which are analyzed in an attempt to understand the nature of art through structure, the characteristics of media, and con- tent. The importance of shaping individual perception is stressed in order to show how the observer plays an active role in his appreciation of a work of art. In the lectures, problems using old and new techniques are explained as well as the various media of the visual arts. 42 140. Studio Drawing and Painting. 3:4K>. Either semester. Problems are offered which provide maximum opportunity for the development of the creative capacity of the individual. An exploration of the inherent qualities of various media, techniques, and tools is undertaken through active involvement in studio. Introduction to printmaking, especially etching and woodcutting, is offered. The staff reserves the right to select one example of each student's work for its permanent collection. Prerequisite: Art 110. 201. Art History I, Pre-history through the Middle Ages. 3:3:0. First semester. Representative examples in painting, sculpture, and architecture of the major cultures of successive historic periods are considered. Stress is given to the interaction of factors influencing the various forms of visual expressions. Lectures, discussions, and visual aids are employed to encourage individual research in the area of develop- ing interest. Prerequisite: Art 110. 202. Art History II, Renaissance to Twentieth Century. 3:3:0. Second semester. Study of the major forms of the visual arts representative of the Renaissance and succeeding centuries as expressed both by the individual and major schools. These viewed in terms of degree of reflection of the social, ideological, and economic foci of the period. Lecture, discussion, visual aids, supplementary assignments. Prerequisite: Art 110. 401. Art in the Elementary School. 3:3:0. First semester. Survey of theories of art education and of programs of creative process activities adaptive to the various levels of maturation at the elementary level. Studio experience employing a variety of media and techniques is offered to give experience and under- standing to the problems involved. Practical knowledge of process, sources of supply, approaches to display, and trends in evaluation of process are presented through lec- ture, discussion, demonstration, visual aids, supplementary reading. BIOLOGY Assistant Professor Wolf, Chairman; Assistant Professors Argot, Gring, Henninger, Williams, and Wolfe The work outlined in the following courses in biology is intended to develop an appreciation of man's relation to his universe, to acquaint students with those fundamental concepts necessary for the proper inter- pretation of the phenomena manifested by the living things with which they are surrounded, and to lay a foundation for specialization in profes- sional courses in biology. The courses are designed to prepare students for the work in pro- fessional schools, schools for medical technologists, hospital schools for training of nurses, for graduate work in colleges and universities, for teaching the biological sciences in high schools, and for assistantships in university and experiment station laboratories in the departments of agriculture and other government agencies. Major: Biology 111, 112, 201, 202, 302 or 307, 411 or 412, and twelve additional hours in biology; two years of chemistry; Physics 103 and 104 or 111 and 112; and Math 161. 43 DEPARTMENTAL HONORS The departmental honors program in biology is open to students of junior and senior status who have demonstrated superior scholastic ability in formal courses as well as the potential to complete successfully an original independent research project. A candidate for departmental honors will be assigned to a faculty member who will direct his research problem. Two weeks prior to the close of the second semester of his senior year, the candidate will submit a thesis based on his laboratory investigations and defend it before an examining committee chosen by the research sponsor. Following successful completion of the defense, the candidate's record will be reviewed by the examining committee, where- upon a decision will be made concerning a recommendation to the dean of the college that the candidate graduate with departmental honors. 101/102. Introduction to Biology I, II. 3:2:2 per semester. These courses, designed for the non-science major, place emphasis on the mastery of certain biological principles which are inherent in living material. These principles are then applied to specific organisms with special stress placed on the study of human biology. The laboratory includes exercises in genetics, ecology, anatomy, and physiology. 111,112. General Biology I, II. 4:3:4 per semester. An attempt is made to familiarize the student with some of the basic concepts of the physical sciences necessary for the understanding of modern biology. Basic biological principles are stressed as related to the major subdivisions of the biological sciences. This course or its equivalent is prerequisite to all other courses in the department. Prerequisites or corequisites: Chemistry 111, 112. 201. Genetics. 4:3:3. First semester. The central theme of this course is the mastery of the universal properties of the mechanism of heredity. The laboratory stresses the demonstration of the key concepts of heredity utilizing both a classical and a molecular approach. 202. Animal Physiology. 4:2:4. Second semester. A study of the cells, tissues, organs, and systems of animals considered from a functional point of view. 302. Botany. 4:2:4. Second semester. A survey of the plant kingdom with emphasis on the Angiosperms. The diversity and differentiation of plants and the relationships between them will be stressed. Field and laboratory work will familiarize the student with the morphology of lower plants and with the identification and ecology of Gymnosperms and Angiosperms on campus and in the local flora. 304. Developmental Biology. 4:2:4. Second semester. The study of basic descriptive phenomena in the development of typical inver- tebrate and vertebrate embryos will be extended into consideration of modem em- bryological problems. 305. Vertebrate Histology and Microtechnique. 4:2:4. First semester. Microscopic anatomy of invertebrate and vertebrate tissues illustrating basic tissue similarities and specialization in relation to function. The laboratory work includes the preparation of slides utilizing routine histological and histochemical techniques. 306. Microbiology. 4:2:4. Second semester. A basic study of the morphology, physiology, and biochemistry of representative microorganisms. 44 307. Plant Physiology. 4:2:4. First semester. The functioning of plants and plant systems with emphasis on vascular plants. Processes will be studied at the biophysical, biochemical, cellular and organismal levels. Structural background at all levels will be included. 308. Comparative Chordate Anatomy. 4:2:4. Second semester. The anatomy of the chordates is studied from a comparative viewpoint with par- ticular attention given to the correlation of structure to living conditions. Laboratory work involves dissection and demonstration of representative chordates. 401. Cell Physiology. 4:2:4. First semester. A molecular approach to the study of the organization and function of the cell. For senior or junior majors who have completed at least two years of chemistry, or by permission of the instructor. 402. Invertebrate Zoology. 4:2:4. Second semester. Through the use of a systemic approach, the morphology and physiology of repre- sentatives of most of the invertebrate phyla are studied. This approach centers around the following areas: movement, metabolism, information and control, reproduction, and association between animals. 403. Ecology. 4:2:4. First semester. The fundamental concepts of ecology are examined with emphasis placed on the interaction between organisms and their biological and physical environment in selected ecosystems — freshwater, marine, and terrestrial. Field trips will be taken to selected areas. Laboratory work will be conducted on problems associated with various types pi ecosystems. Prerequisites: two semesters of biology beyond Biology 112 or permission of the instructors. 411/412. Biology Seminar I, II. 1:1:0 per semester. Reading, discussions, and reports on special topics in biology. 451/452. Special Problems I, II. 1:0:3 — 3:0:9 per semester. (Maximum of 9 hours credit) Designed for those students who have had most of the courses required for their major but who may have a special need for experience in fields not listed in the course offerings of the department. Students interested in a course in marine biology should elect Biology 451/452 in their senior year. Prerequisite: Permission of staff. 500. Independent Study. 1:0:3 — 3:0;9 per semester. (Maximum of 9 hout^ credit) Limited to students majoring in biology who have had ample courses in the department and whose records indicate that they can be encouraged to take part in research or can work independently on research problems in which they have a special interest. Biology 500 may lead to Departmental Honors for qualified students. See page 44 for information on the Departmental Honors Program. Prerequisite: Permission of stafE. CHEMISTRY Professor Neidig, Chairman; Professor Lockwood; Assistant Professors Bailey, Moe, and Spencer; Instructor Bell The aims of the department are: (1) to provide students majoring in chemistry rigorous training in the principles and applications of modern chemistry; (2) to provide students interested in the teaching profession an 45 opportunity to become acquainted with the teaching of science; and (3) to offer students interested in advanced study or in industrial employment professional training in chemistry. Major: Chemistry 111, 112, 211, 212, 311, 312, 313, 314, 315, 316, 317, 318, and 4 hours of 500; Math 161, 162. B.S. in Chemistry (certified by the American Chemical Society): Chemistry 111, 112, 211, 212, 311, 312, 313, 314, 315, 316, 317, 318, 411, 412, 413, 414 and 4 hours of 500; Math 161, 162. For outline of program leading to the degree of B.S. in Chemistry, see pages 91-92. DEPARTMENTAL HONORS Juniors and seniors may participate in the departmental honors pro- gram if they have demonstrated a high scholastic ability and proficiency in both experimental and theoretical chemistry. To be recommended for departmental honors, a student is required: (1) to submit a thesis based on extensive laboratory investigation of an original problem; and (2) to defend the thesis before an appropriate examining committee. 111,112. Prindples of Chemistry I, II, 4:3:3 per semester. A systematic study of the fundamental principles and concepts of chemistry. 211. Reaction Kinetics and Chemical Equilibria. 4:3:4. First semester. An investigation of chemical systems involving a study of reaction kinetics and equilibria, emphasizing the reaction of ionic substances and using modem analytical methods. Prerequisite: Chemistry 112 or demonstrated equivalent background. 212. Chemistry of the Covalent Bond. 4:3:4. Second semester. An introduction to the structure, nomenclature, and properties of the major classes of organic compounds. Prerequisite: Chemistry 211. 311,312. Physical Chemistry I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. A course in the physical theories of matter and their applications to systems of variable composition. Prerequisites: Chemistry 211 and Mathematics 162. 313. Organic Chemistry. 3:3:0. First semester. A study of the preparation, properties, and uses of the aliphatic and aromatic compounds with emphasis on the principles and reaction mechanisms describing their behavior. Prerequisite: Chemistry 212. Corequisite: Chemistry 317. 314. Instrumental Analysis. 3:3:0. Second semester. A consideration of the use of instrumental analytical methods including spectro- photometric, electroanalytical, coulometry, and polarography. Prerequisite: Chemistry 311. Corequisite: Chemistry 312. 46 315,316. Laboratory Investigations I, II. 1:0:4 per semester. Use of instrumental techniques for investigating chemical systems. Prerequisite: Chemistry 212. Corequisites: Chemistry 311, 312. 317. Laboratory Investigations III. 2:0:8. First semester. Investigations of methods of synthesis and analysis of organic compounds includ- ing some physical-organic studies. Prerequisite: Chemistry 212. Corequisite: Chemistry 313. 318. Laboratory Investigations IV. 2:0:8. Second semester. Physical-chemical investigations of chemical systems. Prerequisite: Chemistry 311. Corequisite: Chemistry 312. 411,412. Advanced Inorganic Chemistry I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. An advanced course applying theoretical principles to the understanding of the descriptive chemistry of the elements. Prerequisites: Chemistry 312 and Physics 112. 413. Advanced Analytical Chemistry. 3:3:0. First semester. A study of advanced topics in analytical chemistry. Prerequisites: Chemistry 312 and Chemistry 314. 414. Advanced Organic Chemistry. 3:3:0. Second semester. A consideration of the structure of organic compounds and the mechanisms of homogeneous organic reactions. Prerequisites: Chemistry 312, Chemisti^ 313, and Chemistry 317. 421,422. Biochemistry I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. A course in the physical and organic aspects of living systems. Prerequisites: Chemistry 211, Chemistry 313, and Chemistry 317. 423,424. Laboratory Investigations V, VI. 1:0:4 per semester. Investigations of the properties of proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, and lipids. Prerequisites: Chemistry 211, Chemistry 313, and Chemistry 317. 425. Qualitative Organic Analysis. 2:0:8. First semester. Presentation of the principles and methods of organic analysis. Prerequisite: Chemistry 313 and Chemistry 317. 426. Advanced Physical Chemistry. 3:3:0. Second semester. A presentation of advanced topics in chemistry from such areas as quantum mechanics, thermodynamics, and kinetics. Prerequisite: Chemistry 312. 500. Independent Study. 2:1:4 or 3:1:8 per semester. (Maximum of 9 hours credit, for students enrolled in the departmental honors program.) Intensive librar)' and laboratory study of special interest to advanced students in the major areas of chemistry. For students preparing for secondary school teaching, the emphasis is placed on methods of teaching chemistry. Prerequisites: Chemistry 311, 312, and the consent of the chairman of the de- partment. COMPUTER PROGRAMMING Assistant Professor Morgan 110. BASIC Computer Language. 0:1:0. Either semester. Introduction to the BASIC Language. 47 ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS A DMINISTRATION Professor Tom, Chairman; Associate Professor Lee; Assistant Professors Warner and Wood The aim of Lebanon Valley College is to give its students the oppor- tunity to procure a liberal education of the highest quality. Thus within this general objective of the college, the program of study in economics and business administration at Lebanon Valley College is designed to provide for its own major: 1. A broad and liberal education so that graduates of this department will play a more active role in our changing world of ideas and ac- tions; and 2. A sound and integrated knowledge of the essential principles and problems of economics and business administration. Major: Economics 110, 120, 201, 202, 490, Business Administration 151, and 12 additional hours as approved by the adviser. For an outline of the suggested program in economics and business administration, see pages 92-93. Economics 1 10 and 120 are prerequisites for all courses in this depart- ment of a higher number except Business Administration 151, 152, 371, and 372. DEPARTMENTAL HONORS The purpose of the departmental honors program is to provide op- portunity for capable students to undertake advanced academic work in- dependently under the supervision of one or more members of the de- partment. In order to participate in the departmental honors program, the ap- plicant is required to: 1. demonstrate in his academic work the caliber of scholarship required to undertake extensive research projects, 2. apply for and receive permission for such participation from the de- partmental chairman and from the dean of the college no later than the end of the first semester of the junior year, 3. obtain departmental approval of a research project, 4. prepare a paper on the research project under the guidance of one or more staff members of the department, 5. submit the paper in March of the senior year, and 6. present and defend the paper before a faculty committee selected by the departmental chairman and the dean of the college. On the basis of the student's performance in this program, the de- partmental chairman and the dean of the college will determine whether or not the student will be graduated with departmental honors. 48 ECONOMICS 110. Principles of Economics I. 3:3:0. Either semester. An introductory study in economic principles and the American economy with emphasis on the elementary concepts of national income, price level, business fluctua- tions, banking activities, money supply, and economic growth. 120. Principles of Economics II. 3:3:0. Either semester. An introductory study in economic principles and the American economy with emphasis on the elementary concepts of consumption function, production function, product pricing, factor pricing, resource allocation, labor economics, public finance, and international economics. 130. Economics of Public Issues. 3:3:0. Either semester. A survey and economic analysis of public issues. 201. Microeconomic Analysis. 3:3:0. First semester. Theories of demand, production, price, and resource allocation. 202. Macroeconomic Analysis. 3:3:0. Second semester. Theoretical and empirical study of national income and business cycles. 301. Labor Economics. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1975-1976. Analysis of the American labor movement; theories, history, structure, and func- tions of unionism; individual and collective bargaining policies and practices; labor legislation; grievances; arbitration. 311. Money and Banking. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1974-1975. Nature and fimctions of money and credit. Development and role of commercial banking and central banking. Structure and functions of the Federal Reserve System. Monetary and banking theory, policy, and practice. Influence on prices, level of income and employment, and economic stability and progress. 322. Public Finance. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1974-1975. Revenues and expenditures and economic functioning of the federal, state, and local governments; principles of taxation — shifting, incidence, and burden; influence on incentives, income distribution, and resource allocation; economic and social aspects of public spending; budgetary control and debt management; fiscal policy and economic stability. 332. International Economics. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1975-1976. A study of theories of trade; capital movement; mechanism for attaining equilib- rium; economic policies such as tariff, quota, monetary standards and exchange, state trading, cartel, and other economic agreements; the International Monetary Fund and the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development. 401. History of Economic Thought. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1974-1975. The evolution of economic thought through the principal schools from mercan- tilism to the present. Attention will be given to the analysis of the various theories of value, wages, interest, rent, profit, price level, business cycles, and employment, and to the influences of earlier economic ideas upon current thinking and policy-making. 411. Economic Growth. 3:3K) First semester. Offered 1975-1976. Theoretical and empirical study of economic development. 422. Quantitative Methods. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1975-1976. An introductory application of mathematical concepts and statistical methods to economic and business theories and policies. 490. Seminar and Special Problems. 3:3:0. Either semester. (Maximum of 9 hours credit.) Independent study and research in economics, business administration, or account- ing under the direction and supervision of the departmental staff. 49 500. Independent Study. 1-3 hours credit. Either semester. (Maximum of 9 hours credit.) Open to majors in economics and business administration who are quahfied for the departmental honors program. See information page 48. BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 151, 152. Principles of Accounting I, II. 4:3:2 per semester. Accounting principles and their application in service, trading, and manufacturing business operating as single proprietorships, partnerships, and corporations. Topics studied include: the accounting cycle — journalizing, posting, worksheet, financial state- ments, adjusting, closing; basic partnership problems — formation, distribution of profits, dissolution; corporation and manufacturing accomiting; basic problems of depreciation, depletion, valuation; introduction to analysis, interpretation, and use of financial state- ments. Accounting, a language of business, provides a tool to implement work in other fields of business administration. 251. Intermediate Accounting. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1974-1975. Intensively covers valuation accounting relating to working capital items — cash, temporary investments, receivables, inventories, current liabilities; non-current items — investments, plant and equipment, intangible assets and deferred charges, and long- term liabilities; and corporate capital. Includes nature of income, cost, and expense; statement of source and application of funds; and statement preparation and analysis. Attention is given to relevant official pronouncements in accounting. CPA examination accounting theory questions are utilized. Prerequisite: Business Administration 152. 252. Advanced Accounting. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered J974-1975. Accounting for joint ventures; special sales procedures — installment, consignment, agency and branch; parent and subsidiary accounting — consolidations and mergers; fiduciary and budgetary accoimting — statement of affairs, receivership, estates and trusts, go\emmental accounting; foreign exchange; insurance; actuarial science and applica- tions. Attention is given to relevant official pronouncements in accounting. CPA exam- ination accounting problems are utilized. Prerequisite: Business Administration 251. 352. Marketing. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1974-1975. As a branch of applied economics, this course deals with (1) the application of economic theory in the distribution of economic goods on the manufacturers' and wholesalers' level; (2) the methods of analysis on the product, the consumer, and the company, and (3) the administrative decisions on product planning, distribution chan- nels, promotional activities, sales management, and price policy. To bridge the gap between the understanding and the application of marketing principles, students are required to prepare and discuss a number of cases pertaining to some specific areas of marketing. 361. Corporation Finance. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1974-1975. \ study of organizing a business, financing permanent and working capital needs, managing income and surplus, expanding through internal growth and combination, recapitalization and reorganization. Forms of business organization; charter and by- laws; directors, officers, and stockholders; stocks and bonds; dividend policy; concentra- tion and anti-trust legislation. Prerequisite: Business Administration 152. 362. Investments and Statement Analysis. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1974-1975. Development and role of investment and its relation to other economic, legal, and social institutions. Investment principles, media, machinery, policy, management, and financial statement analysis are discussed. 50 371/372. Business Law I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. Offered 1974-1975. Elementary principles of law generally related to the field of business including contracts, agency, sales, bailments, insurance, and negotiable instruments. 451. Cost Accounting. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1974-1975. Industrial accounting from the viewpoint of material, labor, and overhead costs; the analysis of actual costs for control purposes and for determination of unit product costs; assembling and presentation of cost data; selected problems. Prerequisite, Business Administration 152. 452. Income Tax Accounting. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1974-1975. Analysis of the federal income tax law and its applications to individuals, partner- ships, fiduciaries, corporations; case problems; preparation of returns. Prerequisite: Business Administration 152, or consent of instructor. 461. Auditing. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1975-1976. Study and appraisal of current auditing standards and related literature. Prerequisite: Business Administration 152. 471. Industrial Management and Personnel Administration. 3:3K). First semester. Offered 1974-1975. Principles of decision-making in business management. Personnel policies and practices. EDUCATION Professor Ebersole, Chairman; Associate Professor Herr; Assistant Pro- fessors Albrecht, Blazewicz, Kerr, and Petrofes The aim of the department of education is to acquaint students with the art of teaching and to develop in each prospective teacher a full reali- zation of his responsibilities in this profession. For a statement of requirements for those planning to enter the teaching profession, see pages 93 and 97-99. ELEMENTARY EDUCATION Major: Elementary Education 220, 270, 332, 341, 344, 361/362, 440, 444; Art 401; Education 342; Geography 111; Psychology 221. DEPARTMENTAL HONORS The departmental honors program in elementary education permits the capable student to increase the depth of his understanding in an area of special interest and the general scope of his knowledge of elementary education. It is planned as an integral part of the student's major program rather than work superimposed upon it. A student majoring in elementary education may participate in the departmental honors program when he completes the freshman-sopho- more college honors program or when he demonstrates in his academic work the caliber of scholarship required to undertake an extensive re- search project. He must also have achieved a 3.3 grade-point average in departmental courses and a 3.0 grade-point average in all college courses. Application is made in writing to the chairman of the depart- 51 ment not later than the end of the first semester of the junior year. Ap- proval of the application must be given by the dean of the college upon recommendation by the department staff. A maximum of nine credit hours may be earned in this program. These hours will be distributed over the junior and senior years with a minimum of one and a maximum of three hours to be taken in one semes- ter. This must include participation in the Senior Seminar, Elementary Education 444, which is required of all students majoring in elementary education. The student will investigate an area of special interest begin- ning with the study of the literature and culminating in the design and execution of an approved experimental or theoretical research project. He will submit to the departmental chairman periodic progress reports and any other indication of performance that may be required by the department. The project should be completed by March of the senior year, at which time the student will report and defend the findings of the project in a manner to be determined by the departmental staff. Graduation with departmental honors in elementary education will depend on the quality of performance in the research project, the main- tenance of the grade-point averages required for admission to the pro- gram, success in the comprehensive student-teaching program, and the final approval of the departmental staff and the dean of the college. EDUCATION COURSES for both Elementary and Secondary Education 110. Social Foundations of Education. 3:3:0. Either semester. A study is made of the history of education correlated with a suney of the prin- ciples and theories of noted educational leaders. Emphasis is placed on the influence these leaders and their followers ha\e had on school and society. Required for elementary, secondary, and music certification. 331. Educational Measurements. 3:3:0. First semester. A study of the principles of validity and reliability, appraisal and construction of test items and consideration of the uses of test results. Recommended elective in elementary and secondary fields. Prerequisite: Psychology 110. 342. Reading Improvement. 3:3:0. Second semester. An advanced course in reading giving special attention to diagnosis, readiness, correction, and remediation in reading. Attention will be focused on current research findings. Instruments and guidelines for effective diagostic teaching will be examined and evaluated. Open only to junior or senior students enrolled in the elementary and secondary programs. 345. Educational Technology and Instructional Media. 3:3:0. First semester. This course examines some of the psychological bases of technological teaching devices and media, and includes the study and appraisal of various kinds of media and equipment. The course offers instruction and practice in the setting up and operation and simple maintenance of certain pieces of technological teaching equipment. Appli- cations and uses are explored. Field trips are taken to functioning public school instructional materials centers and some discussion is devoted to how to establish and operate an instructional media center. 52 422. An Introduction to Guidance. 3:3:0. Second semester. An over\iew of guidance in the public schools including the history, philosophy, and development of programs. Procedures and instruments to be employed by the class- room teacher; creation of conditions for mental health; relation of guidance to other phases of instruction. Prerequisite: Education 110. 442. The Education of the Exceptional Child. 3:3:0. Second semester. A general view of the practices and programs for the education of exceptional children and youth. The study includes children with physical, mental, and emotional handicaps, and gifted children. Field work in special classes, child study, and the suney of curricular materials used in their education are part of the requirements. Prerequisite: Education 110; Psychology 110. ELEMENTARY EDUCATION 220. Music in the Elementary School. 3:3:0. Either semester. Fundamentals of music, varied approaches for developing conceptual learning, movement, playing classroom instruments, introduction to Orff and Kodaly techniques, creative applications, guided listening, the child voice, materials for use in elementary schools, interest centers. 250. Mathematics for the Elementary Grades. 3:3:0. Either semester. An introduction to the fimdamental concepts of mathematics and a survey of the new and old in mathematical disciplines as applied in the elementary school. 270. Children's Literature. 3:3K). Either semester. A study of the literature of childhood, including authors and illustrators. Atten- tion is given to children's reading interests, criteria and aids in selecting materials, a brief suney of the development of children's literature, and the art of storytelling and its place in the curriculum. 332. The Physical Sciences in the Elementary School. 3:2:2. Second semester. Recent developments in arithmetic and science and their applications in the class- room; curriculum planning; modem teaching methods; instructional materials; demon- strations and experiments adapted to the elementary classroom. Prerequisites: Elementary Education 250 and one year of a laboratory science. 341. Teaching of Reading. 3:3:0. First semester. A study of the problems and procedures of instruction in the development of basic reading skills. Effective reading programs, courses of study, teaching and learning materials, and research studies in this field are in\estigated and evaluated. Prerequisite. Elementary Education 270. 344. Health and Safety Education. 3:3:0. Second semester. The course includes a study of basic health and safety practices and procedures as applied to the elementary school, a program of physical education for elementary school children, an American Red Cross-approved program of first aid, and an evaluation of sources and use of materials. Prerequisites: Education 110; Psychology 220. 361/362. Commimications and Group Processes in the Elementary School, I, II. 3:2:2 per semester. A course dealing with fundamentals for language growth in the areas of oral and written expression, correct usage, spelling, and handwriting. The development of basic concepts related to effective citizenship in a democracy. A variety of learning experi- ences and materials will be used and evaluated; especially, students will have experience in preparing an individual resource unit. 440. Student Teaching. Twelve semester hours credit. First semester. Each student spends an entire semester in a classroom of an area public school under the supervision of a carefully selected cooperating teacher. Open to seniors only. 53 A cumulative grade-point average of 2.0 during the first six semesters in college is re- quired. Student teaching begins with the opening of the public schools. College residence halls and dining hall are available to the student teachers. Prerequisites: Education 110; Psychology 220; Elementary Education 270, 332, 341, and 361/362. 444. Senior Seminar. 3:3:0. Second semester. The semester gives immediate help with pertinent problems in student teaching. Topics related to over-all success in teaching will be thoroughly dealt with: professional ethics, classroom management, home and school relationships, community responsibili- ties, professional standards, and other related areas. 500. Independent Study. 1-3 hours credit. Either semester. (Maximum of 9 hours credit.) A course designed for the student who desires to engage in independent study whether enrolled in the departmental honors program or not. SECONDARY EDUCATION 420. Hiunan Growth and Development. 3:7Vi:0. Either semester. This course deals with the practical application of principles of psychology and human learning to secondary school teaching. Such topics as classroom management, inter-personal relations in the school setting, and the psychology of teaching are dis- cussed and studied. Visits are made to the student teacher's assigned school, where he confers with his cooperating teacher and obser\es the students he will teach. Required of all seniors in secondary education. Prerequisite: Education 110. 430. Practicum and Methods. 3:7Vi:0. Either semester. This course is designed to acquaint the students with some basic beha\iors in the classroom that will help the prospective teacher in any subject area. A text serves as a source of information about "methods of teaching" and planning. Students work inde- pendently on the problems of reading in their particular fields. Visits to the area schools, class presentations by teachers from these schools, and the students' video-taped presentations for their own analysis all help to prepare them for the student teaching experience. This course is required of all seniors in secondary education, except English majors who will take English 431. Prerequisite: Education 110. 440. Student Teaching. Nine semester hours credit. Either semester. Each student spends a minimum of 10 weeks in a classroom at an area school under the supervision of a carefully selected cooperating teacher. Open to seniors only. Requirements are: (1) a cumulative grade-point average of 2.0 during the first six semesters in college, (2) the written recommendation of the major adviser, (3) the ap- proval of the director of secondary student teaching, and (4) the approval of the dean of the college. Prerequisites: Education 110, 420; Education 430 or English 431. ENGLISH Professor Ford, Chairman; Professor Faber; Professor Emeritus Struble; Associate Professor O'Donnell; Assistant Professor's Billings, Kearyiey, Markowicz, and Woods Major: In addition to the required courses in English Composition (English 111/112), English majors will take English 221/222, 225/226, 54 227/228, 321/322, 331, 332, and 444. Prospective secondary school teachers will take English 218 and 334; others will take six hours of electives. English 431 replaces Education 430 as a requirement for secondary teachers. DEPARTMENTAL HONORS Students who are majoring in English may become candidates for de- partmental honors if they have a grade-point average of 3.0 in courses in English, and if they receive permission from the chairman of the depart- ment and the dean of the college, ordinarily no later than the end of the first semester of their junior year. The specific program for each student accepted for the departmental honors program will be worked out by that student in consultation with the chairman of the department, in accordance with the plan for depart- mental honors adopted by the faculty on May 8, 1961. INTERN PROGRAM A senior who has been accepted for departmental honors and who looks forward to a career in college teaching may, upon recommendation of the chairman of the department and appointment by the dean of the college, become an intern in English, to render such assistance in the duties of the department of English as will in some measure help to pre- pare him for a professional career in this field. Ordinarily only one intern will be appointed in any one academic year. 111/112. English Composition I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. A study, supplemented by a practice in writing, of the principles of composition and of the cultural context within which men must communicate effectively. 211/212. Word Study I, II. 1:1:0 per semester. This course has a twofold purpose: (1) to give the student some insight into lin- guistic processes, particularly as they pertain to the growth of the English vocabulary; and (2) to increase the range of the student's vocabulary, in order that he may have greater masteiy over his native tongue. Problems of pronunciation and spelling go hand in hand with vocabulary building. 218. Oral Communication. 3:3:0. Second semester. This course is designed to establish basic concepts, understandings, and attitudes concerning the nature and importance of oral communication and to provide experi- ence in speaking and in competent criticism of these activities. 22 1 /222. American Literature I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. First semester: a sur\ey of American literature from the beginnings to the Civil War. Second semester: a survey of American literature from the Civil War to the pres- ent day. 223. Creative Writing. 3:3:0. First semester. The writing of poetry and the writing of fiction in alternate years. 225/226. Survey of English Literature I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. A study of English literature from the beginnings to our own time, viewed in per- spective against the background of English life and thought. Prerequisites: English 111/112. 55 i2,l/2,2.9>. World Literature I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. This course has four principal aims: (1) to familiarize students with some of those masterpieces of Western world literature which are a part of the common heritage of every cultivated mind; (2) to acquaint students with the conventions, techniques, and presuppositions of various types of literature, so that they may be able to deal intelli- gently with these types when they meet them elsewhere; (3) to provide students with genuinely aesthetic experiences, in the hope that reading and the appreciation of liter- ature will continue to enrich their spirits throughout their lives; and (4) to pass on to them some sense of the underlying values of our cultural system. 229. Contemporary Literature. 3:3:0. First semester. A study of selected prose and poetry produced in America and England since World War I. 321/322. Shakespeare I, IL 3:3:0 per semester. A survey of English drama from its beginnings to and including Shakespeare: (a) a study of Shakespeare's history plays and their place in the Elizabethan world, and an analysis of early Shakespearean comedy; (b) a study of Shakespeare's major tragedies, the problem comedies, and the late romantic comedies. Prerequisites: English 225/226 or 227/228 or consent of the instructor. 331. History of the English Language. 3:3:0. First semester. Historical study of English soimds, grammatical forms, and vocabulary; introduc- tion to structural linguistics; standards of correctness and current usage. Prerequisites: English 225/226 or 227/228 or consent of the instructor. 332. Chaucer. 3:3:0. Second semester. Intended to give the student a reasonable familiarity with Chaucer; to provide a detailed picture of medieval life, culture, and thought; and to develop skill in the read- ing of Middle English. Prerequisite: English 331. 334. Modem Grammars. 3:3:0. Second semester. A review of traditional grammar and an introduction to recent concepts in gram- mar resulting from developments in structural linguistics. Prerequisite: English 331. 335. Seventeenth Century Literature. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1975-1976. A study of seventeenth century prose and poetry within the context of seventeenth century thought. Authors from the late Elizabethans up to and including Milton are studied. 336. Poetry of the Romantic Movement. 3:3:0. Second semester. A study of the principal poets of the early nineteenth century: Wordsworth, Coleridge, Byron, Shelley, and Keats. Prerequisites: English 225/226 or 227/228 or consent of the instructor. 337. The Novel. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1975-1976. A study of the development of the novel in England from Richardson to Joyce. 338. Contemporary Drama. 3:3:0. Second semester. A survey-workshop of Continental, British, and American drama from Ibsen to the present. Prerequisites: English 111/112. 339. History of the Theater. 3:3:0. First semester. A selection of Western and some Oriental dramas from Aeschylus to Ibsen pre- sented historically, with attention to theater modes and techniques. Prerequisites: English 111/112 or consent of the instructor. 341. Eighteenth Century Literature. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1974-1975. A survey of the principal English authors from Dryden to Blake. 56 343. Literature of the Victorian Period. 3:3:0. First semester. Survey of the nineteenth century as seen through the literature and other arts pro- duced from 1830 to 1915. Prerequisites: English 225/226 or 227/228 or consent of the instructor. 344. Theater Workshop. 3:3:0. Second semester. The elements of theater art oriented toward stage presentation, with classroom practice in production of scenes and whole plays. Prerequisite: English 339 or consent of the instructor. 431. The Teaching of English in Secondary Schools. 3:3:0. First semester. Concerned primarily with the role of the English teacher in the secondary schools. Attention may be given to the teaching of composition, mechanics, speech, and literary forms. Sessions on recent research in the field of English, resource materials, mass media, and teaching techniques will be included. 440. Special Problems. 3:3:0. Either semester. Offered according to interest of students and staff. This course will rotate among faculty members, the content of the course to be determined by the instructor with the advice of the department and consent of the chairman and the dean of the college. Prerequisite: consent of the instructor. 444. Seminar in English. 3:3:0. Second semester. A study of the Western tradition of literary criticism and an application of prac- tical critical concepts. 500. Independent Study. 1-3 hours credit. Either semester. (Maximum of 9 hours credit.) For the student who desires to engage in a project of independent work whether enrolled in the departmental honors program or not. Prerequisite: consent of the instructor. FOREIGN LANGUAGES Professor Piel, Chairman; Associate Professors Cooper and Damns; Assis- tant Professors Cantrell and Martin; Adjunct Instructors Hansen and Saylor; Teaching Aides Karila, Madone, and Ramirez The immediate aim of the department is to assist the student in ac- quiring a working knowledge of the languages which he chooses to study. The aim of the courses in modern foreign languages is to enable the student to use the foreign tongue as a means of communication: to hear, speak, and eventually to read and write the language. Through his study of the language and literature, the student gains a deeper understanding and appreciation of the life and thought of the people of the country. Laboratory practice is required of all students in modern foreign lan- guages except those in German 113 and 114. Major: A student may elect either a major in one language or a departmental major. A major in one language, with certification to teach that language, requires 26-28 hours above the elementary level in that language plus a second language at the intermediate level to meet the general requirement. The departmental major requires at least 24 hours in one language above the elementary level plus at least 12 57 hours in a second language above the elementary level and a third lan- guage at the intermediate level to meet the general requirement. In French, German and Spanish, one advanced literature course is offered each year, in a regular rotation of courses. DEPARTMENTAL HONORS Students who are majoring in foreign languages may become can- didates for departmental honors if they have a grade-point average of 3.0 in departmental courses, and if they receive permission from the depart- mental staff and the dean of the college, ordinarily no later than the end of the first semester of their junior year. Honors work will involve the selection of a topic for investigation under the guidance of the department adviser, independent reading and study, frequent conferences with the adviser, preparation of a paper to be submitted by March 15 of the senior year, satisfactory defense of the paper before a committee composed of the departmental staff, the dean of the college, and any other faculty members who may be invited to participate, and, finally, an oral examination in the language of major concentration. If these requirements are satisfied, the student will be graduated with honors in his major language. FOREIGN LANGUAGES 315H/316H. Contemporary European Literature I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. Reading, in translation, of selected works by Hesse, Sartre, Camus, Brecht, Kazan- tzakis, Solzhenitsyn, and others. Designed to familiarize students with important authors and trends in contemporary European literature. Prerequisite: junior or senior standing. French 101, 102. Elementary French I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. A beginning course in French; audio-active technique. 111,112. Intermediate French I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. A continuation of French 102 with further practice in conversation, dictation, and in reading and writing. Attention is given to the cultural and historical background of the literature that is read. Prerequisite: French 102 or two years of secondary school French. *1 15, 116. Introduction to French Literature I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. A general language review with intensive practice in the four basic language skills through a study of selected literai7 works in their cultural and historic contexts. Prerequisite: four years of secondary school language or three years for specially qualified students. 221/222. French Literature of the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. Offered 1975-1976. A survey of the literary history of the Renaissance and of classicism in France. * Note: Successful completion of the first semester will satisfy the language require- ment for graduation, and successfid completion of the second semester will provide three credits toward distribution requirements in humanities. 58 331/332. French Literature of the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. Offered 1976-1977. A study of the outstanding works of the Age of Enlightenment and of the Ro- mantic, ReaUst, and Naturahst Schools of French literature. 441/442. French Literature of the Twentieth Century I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. Offered 1974-1975. A study of modern French literature with extensive reading of the works of the outstanding authors. 445/446. Seminar I, II. 1-3 hours credit per semester. This seminar is designed to supplement and integrate the student's knowledge, to stimulate individual study and research, and to prepare him for future work in his field. The course content varies according to the needs of the group involved. For those students who are planning to teach, the seminar will provide instruction in teaching methods. 500. Independent Study. 1-3 hours credit. Either semester. (Maximum of 9 hours credit.) This course is designed for the student who wishes to engage in independent study whether enrolled in the departmental honors program or not. German 101, 102. Elementary German I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. A beginning course in German; audio-active technique. HI, 112. Intermediate German I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. A continuation of German 102 with practice in conversation, dictation, reading and writing. Emphasis is given to the cultural and historical background of the litera- ture that is read. Prerequisite: German 102 or two years of secondary school German. 113, 1 14. Scientific German I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. Practice in reading scientific and technical German with emphasis on vocabulary and the special difficulties inherent in this type of writing. General readings followed by readings in the student's major field. *115, 116. Introduction to German Literature I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. A general language review with intensive practice in the four basic language skills through a study of selected literary works in their cultural and historic contexts. Prerequisite: four years of secondary school language or three years for specially qualified students. 221/222. The Classical Period I, IL 3:3:0 per semester. Offered 1975-1976. Background of the Classical Period; detailed study of the period; readings from the works of Lessing, Goethe and Schiller. 331/332. German Literature of the Nineteenth Century I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. Offered 1976-1977. Romanticism; Realism. 441/442. German Literature of the Twentieth Century I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. Offered 1974-1975. A study of contemporary German literature with extensive reading of the works of the outstanding authors. 445/446. Seminar I, II. 1-3 credit hours per semester. This seminar is designed to supplement and integrate the student's knowledge, to stimulate individual study and research, and to prepare him for future work in his *Note: Successful completion of the first semester will satisfy the language require- ment for graduation, and successful completion of the second semester will provide three credits toward distribution requirements in humanities. 59 field. The course content varies according to the needs of the group involved. For those students who are planning to teach, the seminar will provide instruction in teaching methods. 500. Independent Study. 1-3 hours credit. Either semester. (Maximum of 9 hours credit.) This course is designed for the student who wishes to engage in independent study whether enrolled in the departmental honors program or not. Greek 101, 102. Elementary Greek I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. Offered 1975-1976, An intensive course in the basic elements of ancient Greek. A study of forms and syntax, with easy prose composition. 211,212. Intermediate Greek I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. Offered 1974-1975. First semester: readings from the New Testament Gospels. Second semester: readings from Xenophon's Anabasis. A review of grammar throughout the year. Prerequisite: Greek 102. 321. Readings from the Book of Acts. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1975-1976. Prerequisite: Greek 212. 322. Readings in Hellenistic Greek. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1975-1976. Selections from the Septuagint, the Greek church fathers. Prerequisite: Greek 212. 431. Readings from the Epistles of Paul. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1974-1975. Prerequisite: Greek 212. 432. Readings from the Greek Philosophers. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1974-1975. Prerequisite: Greek 212. Russian 101,102. Elementary Russian I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. An elementary course with oral-aural approach. 111,112. Intermediate Russian I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. An intermediate course in Russian with continued conversational practice; reading and writing. Prerequisite: Russian 102 or two years of secondary school Russian. Spanish 101, 102. Elementary Spanish I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. A beginning coujse in Spanish; audio-active technique. 111,112. Intermediate Spanish I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. A continuation of Spanish 102 with further practice in conversation, dictation, and in reading and writing. Attention is given to Spanish literature in its cultural and historical context. Prerequisite: Spanish 102 or two years of secondary school Spanish. *1 15, 116. Introduction to Spanish Literature I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. A general language review with intensi\e practice in the four basic language skills through a study of selected literary works in their cultural and historic contexts. Prerequisite: four years of secondary school language or three years for specially qualified students. *Note: Successful completion of the first semester will satisfy the language require- ment for graduation, and successful completion of the second semester will provide three credits toward distribution requirements in humanities. 60 221/222. Spanish Literature of the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries I, IL 3:3:0 per semester. Offered 1974-1975. Reading of outstanding authors of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, with emphasis upon Cervantes, Lope de Vega, and Calderon. Composition and conversation. 331/332. Spanish Literature from the Eighteenth to the Twentieth Centuries I, 11. 3:3:0 per semester. Offered 1975-1976. Extensive reading, composition, and conversation. 441/442. A Survey of Spanish- American Literature I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. Offered 1976-1977. A survey of Spanish-American Hterature with extensive readings of representative authors, with emphasis on the development of the Spanish-American novel and short story. 445/446. Seminar I, II. 1-3 hours credit per semester. This seminar is designed to supplement and integrate the student's knowledge, to stimulate individual study and research, and to prepare him for future work in his field. The course content varies according to the needs of the group involved. For those students who are planning to teach, the seminar will provide instruction in teaching methods. 500. Independent Study. 1-3 hours credit. Either semester. (Maximum of 9 hours credit.) This course is designed for the student Mho wishes to engage in independent study whether enrolled in the departmental honors program or not. GEOGRAPHY Professor Ebersole; Assistant Professor Albrecht 111. World Geography I (Physical Geography). 3:3:0. First semester. The first course of a two-course sequence required of elementary education majors and those who wish to be certified to teach comprehensive social studies in secondary school. The course explores the physical aspects of the earth, its place in the solar system, earth movements, time, seasons, use of globes and maps, earth's waters, land forms, climate, soil types, weather phenomena, and processes which form and change the earth's surface. 112. World Geography II (Regional Cultural Geography). 3:3:0. Second semester. This course is recommended for elementary education majors and is required for those wishing to be certified in comprehensive social studies. The course examines vari- ous countries and regions of the world, relating the geographic features of each to the life and culture of the people. Natural resources and economy of each region are studied as well as such facts as states and capitals, population density, food supply, and ecological factors. GEOLOGY 221/222. Structural and Historical Geology I, IL 2:2:0 per semester. (Not offered 1974-1975.) The first semester, structural geology, acquaints the student with the forces and dynamic agencies by which the earth has been formed and has evolved into its present condition. The second semester, historical geology, deals with the probable location of land 61 and sea areas of each of the various geologic periods, and the development of the plants and animals which lived during periods identified by their fossil remains. German See Foreign Languages, pages 59-60. Greek See Foreign Languages, page 60. HISTORY AND POLITICAL SCIENCE Professor Geffen, Chairman; Associate Professor Fehr; Assistant Profes- sors Joyce and Norton The aim in the teaching of history is to acquaint the student with human behavior in the dimension of past time, in the belief that by thus extending the range of his knowledge he may also enlarge the scope of his sympathies and become more richly human. The aim in the teaching of political science is to acquaint the student with the many-sided aspects of government, in the belief that by thus enlarging the extent of his knowledge he may expand the scope of his understanding and adopt a critical and objective attitude toward the problems of modern society. The department also prepares students for graduate and law schools and for careers in teaching, government, and business. HISTORY Major: Four one-semester courses in European history as approved by the adviser; History 125 and 235/236 or History 126 and 225/226 or History 225/226 and 235/236 in American history; one course from among History 341, 342, 343, 344; and History 213 and 412. Substitutions may be approved by the chairman upon request. DEPARTMENTAL HONORS Students majoring in history may participate in the departmental honors program when they fulfill the following requirements: (1) dem- onstrate in their academic work the caliber of scholarship required to undertake an extensive research project; (2) achieve a 3.0 grade-point average in departmental courses and a 2.5 giade-point average in all col- lege courses; and (3) apply for and receive permission for such participa- tion from the departmental chairman and the dean of the college no later than the end of the first semester of the junior year. The student may work for from one to three semester hours credit per semester for a maximum of nine semester hours in the departmental honors program. A member of the departmental staff will serve as his honors adviser. During his participation in the program, the student must (1) sub- 62 mit to his honors adviser periodic progress reports; (2) show progress at a rate and level indicating that he will complete the program on time and at the desired level of achievement; and (3) maintain a 3.0 grade-point average in departmental courses and a 2.5 grade-point average in all college courses. The participant must (1) obtain departmental approval of a research topic; (2) prepare an essay on the subject selected for research under the guidance of his honors adviser; (3) complete the writing of the essay by March 1 of the senior year; and (4) defend the essay in a manner to be determined by the departmental staff and the dean of the college. Upon fulfilling these requirements, the student will be recommended by the departmental chairman to the dean of the college for graduation with departmental honors. 111/112. History of Western Civilization I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. The first semester covers the development of Western European culture in all its aspects from its Near Eastern origins to about 1715. The second semester covers its evolution during the eighteenth, nineteenth, and twentieth centuries. 125/126. Survey of United States History I, n. 3:3:0 per semester. The first semester covers the development of the United States to 1865, the second semester from 1865 to the present. Special emphasis throughout the course is placed upon historiographical philosophy and method. 211. Greek and Roman History. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1975-1976. An examination of the origins, structure, and values of Greek and Roman societies from about 1200 B.C. to about 500 A.D. The Mediterranean nature of these cultures and the historians' treatment of them are emphasized. 212. The Middle Ages. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1975-1976. A study of the emergence of a European society from 500 to 1300. Emphasis is on the social and intellectual aspects of medieval life, and the historiographical record is analyzed. 213. Introduction to Historiography. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1975-1976. Theory and practice in the writing of history. The work of selected historians is studied and each student conducts and reports upon his own research. Training is given in research methods and in the preparation of research reports. 221. The Renaissance and Reformation: 1300 to 1600. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1974-1975. A study of the beginnings of the modern era, paying particular attention to the inter-relationships between its political, social, economic, and intellectual aspects. 222. The Old Regime: 17th and 18th Centuries. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1974-1975. An investigation of the impact of modem science and thought upon the devel- opment of Western European culture. Particular attention is paid to the nature of European society before the era of revolutions. 224. British History from the Tudors to Victoria. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1975-1976. A survey focused on the British Isles from 1485 to 1837. The cultural evolution of the English people is studied with emphasis upon the interplay of political, social, and intellectual forces. It is strongly recommended that students take History 111 to estab- lish the setting. 225. American History to 1800. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1974-1975. An examination is made of all aspects of the development of the United States from its European origins to 1800. Historiographical issues, methods, and problems are stressed. 63 226i. American History from 1800 to 1865. 3:3K). Second semester. Offered 1974-1975. The developments of nineteenth century American history to the end of the Civil War are studied, with special attention to historiographical concerns. 235. The United States: 1865 to 1900. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1975-1976. The post-Civil War developments of American history during the nineteenth cen- tury are analyzed and interpreted, with emphasis upon historiography. 236. The United States:1900 to the Present. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1975-1976. The twentieth century history of the United States is studied in all its aspects. Historiographical interpretation is stressed. 331. The Era of Revolutions: 1789 to 1870. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1975-1976. A study of the political and economic changes in Europe from 1789 to 1870 and the total cultural impact of these changes. 332. Contemporary Europe: 1870 to the Present. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1975-1976. An analysis of the nineteenth century state system, its economic and social bases, its ideology, and its evolution through world wars and technological revolutions. 341. Introduction to the History of African Culture. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1974-1975. A survey of African culture from the tenth-century Sudanic origins to the present day. Emphasis is on the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. 342. History of Latin America. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1974-1975. A survey of the Latin American republics from their colonial beginnings to the present time. 343. History of Russia. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1975-1976. A survey of Russian history from ancient times to the present, with special atten- tion to developments since the seventeenth century. 344. History of the Far East. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1975-1976. A survey of the development of the cultural institutions of the Far East, with emphasis upon the trends since 1500. 349. Select Problems in History. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1974-1975. A course to provide the student with an opportunity to explore in depth a topic of special interest. Open to junior and senior history majors and to other students by permission of the instructor. 412. Senior Seminar in History. 3:3:0. Second semester. A review of the student's college program in history, with reading, discussion, and writing to serve the following purposes: (1) synthesis of previous course work in his- tory; (2) relation of the academic discipline of history to other fields of knowledge; and (3) formulation and expression of a personal philosophy of history by each student. Open only to senior departmental majors. 500. Independent Study. 1-3 hours credit. Either semester. (Maximum of 3 semesters.) A course designed for students who wish to undertake an independent study project in history. Open to all students, subject to the following qualifications: Those who do not desire departmental honors are admitted by permission of the instructor who agrees to accept super\ision of the student's work. Students desiring departmental honors must meet the conditions set forth above under "Departmental Honors." POLITICAL SCIENCE Major: Political Science 111/112, 211, 212, 217, 311, 312, 411, 412, 413. Substitutions may be approved by the chairman upon request. 64 Majors are also required to take History 125 and 235/236 or History 126 and 225/226. History 225/226 and 235/236 may be taken in place of the combination of either with History 125/126. DEPARTMENTAL HONORS Students majoring in political science may participate in the depart- mental honors program when they fulfill the following requirements: (1) demonstrate in their academic work the caliber of scholarship required to undertake an extensive research project; (2) achieve a 3.0 grade-point average in departmental courses and a 2.5 grade-point average in all col- lege courses; and (3) apply for and receive permission for such participa- tion from the departmental chairman and the dean of the college no later than the end of the first semester of the junior year. The student may work for from one to three semester hours credit per semester for a maximum of nine semester hours in the departmental honors program. A member of the departmental staff will serve as his honors adviser. During his participation in the program, the student must (1) submit to his honors adviser periodic progress reports; (2) show progress at a rate and level indicating that he will complete the program on time and at the desired level of achievement; and (3) maintain a 3.0 grade-point average in departmental courses and a 2.5 grade-point average in all col- lege courses. The participant must (1) obtain departmental approval of a research topic; (2) prepare an essay on the subject selected for research under the guidance of his honors adviser; (3) complete the writing of the essay by March 1 of the senior year; and (4) defend the essay in a manner to be determined by the departmental staff and the dean of the college. Upon fulfilling these requirements, the student will be recommended by the departmental chairman to the dean of the college for graduation with departmental honors. 111/112. American National Government I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. The first semester concentrates on backgrounds, theories, principles, processes, and practices of American national government. Subject areas include: the nature of democ- racy, constitutional backgrounds, federalism and its problems, civil rights, public opin- ion formation, voting behavior, political parties, campaigns and elections. Special atten- tion is given to contemporary racial and student unrest in the United States. The second semester stresses institutional surveys and the actual work of govern- ment. The structure, functions, and processes of the main organs of national govern- ment — the Presidency, the Congress, the judiciary, and the bureaucracy — are examined. Subject areas covered include: the role of government as regulator, promoter, and man- ager; national defense; foreign policies; and internal development. 21 1. Comparative Government. 3:3:0. First semester. A comparative study of important political systems of the world, including an introduction to the basic methodologies. The course examines both totalitarian and representative forms of government. It is strongly recommended that Political Science 111/112 be taken previously or concurrently. 65 212. Foreign Relations. 3:3:0. Second semester. A survey of the external relations of American government, with emphasis on twentieth centuiy developments. Subject areas include diplomacy, military affairs, geo- . graphic and regional problems, trade and aid, technology and underdevelopment, alliances, nuclear problems, and opposing ideologies. Consideration is given to recruit- ment, training, and problems of the United States foreign service and to the multiple influences shaping American foreign policies. It is strongly recommended that Political Science 111/112 be taken previously or concurrently. 213. State Government. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1974-1975. This course deals with the structure and functions of state government. Emphasis is placed on federal-state-local relationships, on administrative organization and services, on the courts, and on legislative representation. It is strongly recommended that Political Science 111/112 be taken previously or concurrently. 215. Metropolitan Government. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1975-1976. This course deals with the rise of urbanization and the accompanying growth of municipal functions. Attention is paid to the legal process and status of cities, to mu- nicipal relations with state and national government, to urban politics, to the various forms of city government, and to plans for metropolitan reorganization. It is strongly recommended that Political Science 111/112 be taken previously or concurrently. 217. Research Methods in Political Science. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1975-1976. A course in the conduct and interpretation of research in political science. Topics covered include: formulation of a research problem, research design, techniques of scaling and measurement, data collection and analysis, and writing the research report. Prerequisites: a major in Political Science and sophomore standing, or permission of the instructor. Mathematics 170, Elementary Statistics, is strongly recommended. 31 1. Political Parties in the United States. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1974-1975. A study of the origins and history of American political parties, their develop- ment, organization, leaders, conventions, platforms, and campaigns. Emphasis is given to recent changes in American political patterns. It is strongly recommended that Political Science 111/112 be taken previously or concurrently. 312. American Constitutional Law. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1974-1975. A study of the growth and development of the Constitution through the medium of judicial construction. Recent decisions illustrating its application to new conditions of the present age, and proposals for court modification are given particular attention. It is strongly recommended that Political Science 111/112 be taken previously or concurrently. 314. Public Opinion. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1974-1975. An analysis of the nature and sources of contemporary public opinion, with spe- cial attention to methods of determining public opinion. 350. Select Problems in Political Science. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1975-1976. A course to provide the student with an opportunity to explore in depth a topic of special interest. It is strongly recommended that Political Science 111/112 be taken previously or concurrently. 41 1. Political Theory. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1974-1975. A survey of the different philosophies and theories of government, ancient and modem, with special reference to political philosophy since the sixteenth century. It is strongly recommended that Political Science 111/112 be taken previously or con- currently. 412. Senior Seminar in Political Science. 3:3:0. Second semester. Reading, discussion, and written assignments to accomplish the following pur- poses: (1) relation of the discipline to other fields of knowledge and (2) development 66 and expression of an individual political philosophy by the student. Prerequisites: a major in political science and senior standing; or permission of the instructor. 413. International Politics. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1975-1976. A course in the origin, forms, dynamics, and prospects of the international political pattern, with emphasis on current developments and changing concepts in world politics. It is strongly recommended that Political Science 111/112 be taken previously or concurrently. 500. Independent Study. 1-3 hours credit. Either semester. (Maximum of 3 semesters.) A course designed for students who wish to undertake an independent study project in political science. Open to all students, subject to the following qualifications: Those who do not desire departmental honors are admitted by permission of the instructor who agrees to accept supervision of the student's work. Students desiring departmental honors must meet the conditions set forth above under "Departmental Honors." INTERDISCIPLINARY COURSES 130. Philosophy in Literature. 3 hours credit. Either semester upon demand. A detailed critical examination of various literary works having philosophical con- tent. Exact topics and works to be considered will vary from year to year. No prerequisites. 332. Seminar in Psychology and Literature. 3 hours credit. Second semester. A consideration of major psychological theories for use in literary interpretation. Prerequisite: a major in psychology or English, junior or senior standing and/or permission of the staff. 334. Seminar in Philosophy and Psychology. 3 hours credit. Second semester. Offered 1975-1976. A detailed consideration of matters of common interest to philosophy and psy- chology, taught by members of both departments. Topics will vary from year to year. Prerequisite: consent of the instructors. LANGUAGES See Foreign Languages, page 57. MATHEMATICS Professor Mayer, Chairman; Associate Professor Fleischman; Assistant Professors Burras and Hearsey The department of mathematics has several objectives. The mathe- matics program prepares the student for a career in the applied sciences or in industry, or for continued study in a graduate program. In coopera- tion with the department of education, it offers a sound preparation for secondary school teaching. Together with the department of economics and business administration it offers a strong program in actuarial science. Last but not least, it also gives the mathematics courses needed by stu- dents majoring in other fields. 67 REQUIREMENTS B.A. or B.S. with a major in Mathematics. All mathematics majors must take the following basic courses: Mathematics 111, 112, 201, 211, 264, 266, and 321. In addition the student must take at least 12 semester hours of mathematics courses numbered 300 or higher (with no more than three hours in seminar). This choice must have the approval of the de- partment of mathematics. B.S. with a major in Actuarial Science. All students in this program must take the following courses: Mathematics 111, 112, 201, 211, 264, 266, 321,461,471,472,480, 481, and 482; Economics 110 and 120; and Business Administration 151 and 152. RECOMMENDATIONS Secondary school teaching. A future teacher of mathematics should take Mathematics 111, 112, 201, 211, 264, 266, 321, 322, 331 and 452, plus at least three additional hours of courses numbered 300 or higher. Students preparing for graduate school. A student planning to attend graduate school in mathematics should take, in addition to the basic courses, the following: Mathematics 311, 312, 322, 400, 412, and 431. Applied mathematics. A student planning to work as a mathemati- cian in industry should take, in addition to the basic courses, the follow- ing: Mathematics 361, 362, 461, 471, and 472, as well as suitably chosen courses in physics and other physical sciences. Cooperative engineering. This program is described on pages 93-94. The student is advised to take Mathematics 161, 162, 261, 264, 266, 361, and 362, or Math 111, 112, 211 and 266. Physical science. A major in a physical science should choose from Mathematics 161, 162, 261, 264, 266, 321, 322, 361, 362, and 461. Behavioral and social science. A major in these fields is advised to choose from Mathematics 161, 162, 170, 264, and perhaps 261. DEPARTMENTAL HONORS Students may participate in the departmental honors program if they have demonstrated high scholastic ability and have received permission for such participation from the departmental chairman and the dean of the college no later than the end of the first semester of the junior year. A student may receive upon graduation, departmental honors if he has maintained a 3.0 grade-point average in mathematics and has satis- factorily completed the departmental honors program. 100. Basic Concepts of Mathematics. 3:3:0. First semester. Outlines of some basic mathematical concepts, designed to satisfy the general mathematics requirement. 102. Algebra and Trigonometry. 3:3:0. Second semester. College algebra and trigonometry. 111,112. Analysis 1, 11. 5:5:0 per semester. A rigorous introduction to continuity, derivative, integral, and series. 68 161, 162. Calculus I^ II. 3:3K) per semester. Introduction to derivative, integral, series, and partial derivative with emphasis on applications. 170. Elementary Statistics. 3:4:0. Either semester. Finite probability, statistical inference, standard test correlation. 201. Foundation of Mathematics. 3:3:0. First semester. Introduction to logic, set theory, real numbers. Prerequisite: Mathematics 112.* 211. Analysis III. 3:3:0. First semester. A continuation of Analysis I, II. Prerequisite: Mathematics 112.* 261. Calculus m. 3:3:0. First semester. Vector calculus, differential equations and applications. Prerequisite: Mathematics 162.* 264. Introduction to Computer Science. 3:3:0. Second semester. Computer logic and languages, algorithmic procedures, verification. Prerequisite: Mathematics 112.* 266. Differential Equations. 3:3:0. Second semester. First and second order linear differential equations, power series solutions, special functions. Introduction to partial differential equations. Special topics. Prerequisite: Mathematics 211 or 261. 311,312. Advanced Analysis I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. Topology of Euclidean n-space and function spaces, advanced integration theory, further advanced topics. Prerequisite: Mathematics 211.* 321. linear Algebra. 3:3:0. First semester. Vector spaces, transformations, matrices, systems of equations. Prerequisite: Mathematics 112.* 322. Abstract Algebra. 3:3:0. Second semester. Fundamentals of groups, rings, and fields. Prerequisite: Mathematics 321.* 331. Geometry. 3:3:0. First semester. Introduction to the axioms of geometries; Euclidean and non-Euclidean geometries. Prerequisite: Mathematics 112.* 361, 362. Methods of Applied Mathematics I, II, 3:3:0 per semester. Linear vector spaces, matrices, determinants, integral equations, partial differential equations, integral formulas. Prerequisite: Mathematics 266.* 400. Seminar. 1:1K>. Either semester. 412. Fxmctions of a Complex Variable. 3:3:0. Second semester. Analytic functions, contour integration, Cauchy theorem, residue theory, con- formal mapping. Prerequisite: Mathematics 311.* 432. Topology. 3:3:0. Second semester. Metric space, continuity, compactness, connectedness, and other topics. Prerequisite: Mathematics 311.* 452. Seminar for Teachers. 1:1:0. Second semester. A senior seminar designed for mathematics teachers is required of those students who wish to become certified to teach mathematics. Prerequisites may be waived by the department. 69 461. Numerical Analysis. 3:3:0. First semester. Interpolation, smoothing, numerical differentiation and integration. Prerequisite: Mathematics 266.* 471. Mathematical Probability. 3:3:0. First semester. Sample space, random variables, probability laws and distributions, limit theorems. Prerequiste: Mathematics 211.* 472. Mathematical Statistics. 3:3:0. Second semester. Generating functions, frequency distributions, decision theory, tests of hypotheses. Prerequisite: Mathematics 471.* 480. Seminar in Actuarial Science. 1-3 hours credit. Either semester. Compound interest, difference equations, and applied statistics for actuarial sci- ence majors. 481,482. Life Contingencies I, II. 3:3:0per semester. Offered 1975-1976. Single life functions, life insurance, life annuities, multiple life functions, com- pound contingent functions, reversionary annuities. 500. Independent Study. 1-3 hours credit. Either semester. (Maximum of 9 hours credit.) Independent work for majors enrolled in the departmental honors program and others. MUSIC Associate Professor Smith, Chairman; Professor Em.eritus Bender; Pro- fessor Getz; Associate Professors Curfman, Fairlamb, Lanese, Stachow, and Thurmond; Assistant Professors Burrichter, Englebright, Lau, and Swei- gart; Instructors Morgan, and. Watkins; Adjunct Assistant Professor Knisley; Adjunct Instructors Aulenbach, Campbell, Checket, Dunn, Goebel, Grove, and Pinkow. The aims of the department of music are to prepare performers and teachers, to teach music historically and aesthetically as an element of liberal culture, and to offer courses that give a thorough and practical understanding of theoretical subjects. Attendance at all faculty recitals and a portion of student recitals is compulsory. All majors in music or music education are required to take private instruction on the campus if the department offers instruction in the indi- vidual's principal performance medium. Participation in music organizations may be required of all majors. One-half hour of private instruction is included in the basic tuition. For additional music fees see page 18. MUSIC (B.A. with a major in Music) This program is designed for those students desiring a liberal arts context in their preparation for a career in applied music. * Prerequisites may be waived by the department. 70 special Requirements All majors are required to take an hour lesson per week in their major performance area and are expected to perform a half or full recital in the junior year and a full recital in the senior year. All majors outside of the keyboard area are required to take a I/2 hour lesson per week in piano until the minimum requirements have been met. For the recommended plan of study in this program see page 95. MUSIC EDUCATION (B.S. with a major in Music Education) This program has been approved by the Pennsylvania Department of Education and the National Association of Schools of Music for the preparation of teachers of public school music. A "track system" permits the student to select an area of concentra- tion: (1) general, (2) instrumental, (3) keyboard- vocal. The music education curriculum requires two lessons per week (one each in the major and a minor performance area). For the recommended plan of study in this program see page 96. DEPARTMENTAL HONORS 1. A candidate must have achieved a minimum grade-point average of 3.00 at the end of the sophomore year, and must maintain this min- imum to remain eligible for honors status. 2. The private instructor in the candidate's major performance area must recommend the student for full recital privileges during the senior year, and will serve as adviser to the individual's departmental honors program. 3. The candidate through reading and research will produce a thesis or an essay, based on a problem or subject of his own choosing under the direct supervision of his faculty adviser. Creative work will be encouraged with reference to, or emphasis upon, his principal per- formance medium. 4. Honors recognition shall be dependent upon the quality of the pre- pared thesis or essay and the level of the candidate's recital per- formance, both to be reviewed by a committee of three, including the private instructor (adviser), the chairman of the department, and a third music faculty member to be designated by the chairman with the approval of the adviser. 5. In addition to any established pattern of announcing honors candi- dates and recipients, the printed recital program shall also indicate "in partial fulfillment of requirements for Honors in Music." 6. A maximum of 9 hours credit can be earned in departmental honors. 7. Upon the completion of the above requirements at a satisfactory level, the student will be recommended by the reviewing committee to the dean of the college for graduation with departmental honors. 71 I: THEORY OF MUSIC Sight Singing 111. Sight Singing I. 1 :2:0. First semester. A beginning course in music reading with the use of syllables, incorporating the elements of melody and rhythm within the beat and its division. The following are studied: basic beat patterns, simple and compound time, diatonic intervals, implied har- monic structure within the melodic line, the C clefs, modulations. Phrasing and the application of dynamics are stressed. 112. Sight Singing n. 1:2:0. Second semester. A continuation of music reading, using more difficult melodies and rhythms, the beat and its subdivision, and additional interval problems. Exercises in four clefs, em- ploying modal melodies, remote modulation, superimposed background and meter, changing and less common time signatures. Dictation ( Ear Training ) 113. Ear Training I. 1:2:0. First semester. The study of the basics of music notation essential for the writing of melodic and rhythmic dictation. Emphasis is placed upon aural recognition of intervals, scales, triads and their inversions, and simple harmonic progressions and cadences. Harmonic dictation is begun in the latter half of the course. Correlated with Sight Singing. 114. Ear Training II. 1:2:0. Second semester. A study of more difficult tonal problems including seventh and ninth chords, chromaticism, modulation, and modality. Emphasis is placed upon harmonic and cor- rective dictation. Correlated with Sight Singing. Harmony 1 15. Harmony I. 2:3:0. First semester. A study of the rudiments of music including notation, scales, intervals, and triads; the connection of triads by harmonizing melodies and basses with fundamental triads; playing of simple cadences at the piano; analysis of phrases and periods. 1 16. Harmony II. 2:3:0. Second semester. A study of inversions of triads, seventh and ninth chords, harmonizations of mel- odies and figured basses; analysis and composition of the smaller forms; modulation. 215. Harmony III. 2:2:0. First semester. The use of dominant and diminished sevenths as embellishments of and substitutes for diatonic harmony; harmonization of melodies and figured basses; analysis of two and three-part song forms; composition in two-part song form. Playing of more advanced cadences and modulations at the piano. 315. Harmony IV (Elementary Composition)* on special announcement. 2:2:0. First semester. Melody analysis and writing; four-part choral writing; continuation of two and three-part song-form analysis and composition. Composition in theme and variations, fantasia, rondo, and dance forms. Study of contemporary harmonic ideas. 316. Keyboard Harmony. 2:2:0. Second semester. Work at the piano includes the harmonization of melodies both with four-part harmony and with various accompaniment forms; also transposition, improvisation, modulation, reading from figured bass. (Students are placed in elementary, intermediate, or advanced sections on the basis of keyboard ability.) • B.A. program in music. 72 Additional Theory Courses 217. Basic Concepts of Structure and Style. 2:2:0. First semester. A course designed to develop the student's knowledge of specific musical styles resulting from the synthesis of music's constituent and expressive elements. The study is approached through listening to, discussing, and analyzing compositions representing a variety of styles and media. Other course objectives include: acquaintance with lit- erature, comprehensive application of the basics of music theory, and development of musicianship. 224. Counterpoint. 2:2:0. Second semester. Introductory work in strict counterpoint through three and four-part work in all the species. 226. Form and Analysis I. 2:2:0. Second semester. A study of the structure of music including hymns, folk songs, two, three and five- part song forms, variations, contrapuntal forms, rondo, and sonata forms. Compositions in these forms are studied primarily for their structural content. Course includes ex- tensive listening. 327. Form and Analysis II* on special announcement. 2:2:0. First semester. A study through analysis and listening of fugal forms, suite, overture, complete sonata forms (e\olution of the symphony), string quartet, the tone poem. Analysis of classical and contemporary works in these forms. 400. Arranging and Scoring for the Stage Band. 2:2:0. Either semester. Study of modem harmony, modulation, style analysis, special instrumental effects as applied to modern arranging. Laboratory analysis and demonstration of sectional and ensemble voicings. 410. Composition, Schillinger System. Private teaching. A scientific system of music composition created by the late Joseph Schillinger, teacher of such accomplished professionals as George Gershwin and Ted Royal Dewar. The major aims of the system are to: (1) generalize underlying principles regard- ing the behavior of tonal phenomena; (2) classify all the available resources of our tonal system; (3) teach a comprehensive application of scientific method to all compo- nents of the tonal art, to problems of melody, rhythm, harmony, counterpoint, orches- tration, and to composition itself. The system is best studied in the light of a traditional background and admission to course or private instruction is by special permission only. 416. Scoring for the Band. 2:2:0. Second semester. Study of instrumentation, devices, techniques, and mechanics of scoring transcrip- tions, arrangements and solos for concert band; special work in scoring for marching band. Laboratory analysis and demonstration of various instrumental colors and com- binations. Emphasis is placed on creative scoring. II. METHODS AND MATERIALS 333. Methods and Materials, General Music: Elementary. 3:3:0. First semester. A comprehensive study of general music teaching at the elementary level, includ- ing the rationale for building a music education currriculum, current emphases in music education, varied approaches for developing conceptual learning, movement, playing classroom instruments, introduction to Orft and Kodaly techniques, creative applications, guided listening, the child voice, materials, and interest centers for open classrooms. 334. Methods and Materials, General Music: Junior High School. 3:3:0. Second semester. Materials and approaches for junior high school general music, attention to the organization and presentation of a varied program, and recent trends in teaching. B.A. program in music. 73 Adolescent voices, creative applications, improvisation, guided listening, interest cen- ters, units of study, and characteristics of youth. 335. Methods and Materials, Instrumental: Fourth, Fifth and Sixth Grades. 2:2:0. First semester. A study of methods and materials used in teaching band and orchestral instru- ments to children in these grades, with emphasis on a sound rhythmic approach. Both individual and class technique are studied. Musical rudiments as applied to instru- mental teaching are reviewed. 336. Methods and Materials, Instnunental: Junior and Senior High School. 2:2:0. Second semester. A study of intermediate and advanced instrumental teaching techniques; methods of organizing and directing school orchestras and bands; fundamentals of musicianship. 402. Seminar in Advanced Instrumental Problems. 2:2:0. Second semester. A study of the general and specific problems which confront the director of school orchestras, bands, and instrumental classes. Problems of general interest include: organi- zation and management, stimulating and maintaining interest; selecting beginners; scheduling rehearsals and class lessons; financing and purchasing instruments, uniforms, and other equipment; marching band formations and drills; evaluating music materials; organizing festivals, contests, and public performances. 404. Music Education Seminar: Secondary Level. 2:2:0. Second semester. A study of aspects of secondary school vocal music curriculum and related course offerings. Topics with which a high school choral teacher or director of music will need to be knowledgeable are investigated with particular attention given to those problems relating to the responsibilities of the vocal music teacher. Philosophy of music educa- tion, musical theater, tests and measurements, elective courses, planning inservice events, and choral materials. 405. Methods in Piano Pedagogy. 2:2K). First semester. A study of methods of teaching piano to children and adults. The course includes the song approach method, presentation of the fundamental principles of rhythm, sight reading, tone quality, form, technique, pedaling, transposition, and the harmoni- zation of simple melodies. Materials are examined and discussed. III. STUDENT TEACHING 441. Student Teaching. 12 semester hours credit. First semester. Each student spends an entire semester in the music department of an area public school under the Supervision of carefully selected cooperating teachers. Experiences are provided according to the individual student's selection of a track program, with em- phasis on general, instrumental, or keyboard-vocal areas. Requirements are: (1) a cumu- lative grade-point average of 2.0 during the first six semesters in college, (2) ability to demonstrate proficiency in the competencies for music teachers as set forth by the Penn- sylvania Department of Education, (3) approval by the music fadulty. IV. INSTRUMENTAL COURSES Class Instruction in Band and Orchestral Instruments. Practical courses in which students, in addition to being taught the fundamental principles underlying the playing of all band and orchestral instruments, learn to play on instruments of each group, viz., string, woodwind, brass, and percussion. Problems of class procedure in public schools are discussed; transposition of all instruments is taught. Ensemble playing is an integral part of these courses. Brass Instnunents (Trumpet [Cornet], Horn, Trombone, Baritone, Tuba) 123. Brass I. 1:2:0. First semester. A study of two of the above instruments. 74 124. Brass II. 1:2:0. Second semester. A study of the remainder of the above instruments. Percussion Instruments (Snare Drum, Timpani, Bass Drum, etc.) 227. Percussion I. Vi: 1:0. First semester. A study of snare drum only. 327. Percussion II. i/i:l:0. First semester. A study of the remainder of the above instruments. Woodwind Instruments (Clarinet, Flute, Piccolo, Oboe, Saxophone, Bassoon) 231. Woodwind I. 1:2:0. First semester. A study of the clarinet. 232. Woodwind II. 1:2:0. Second semester. A study of the remainder of the above instruments. String Instruments (Violin, Viola, Cello, String Bass) 337. String I. 1:2:0. First semester. A study of all of the above instruments. 338. String II. 1:2:0. Second semester. A continuation of the study of all of the above instruments. Instrumental Seminar. V^:1:0 or 1:2:0. First or second semester. Application of specific techniques to problems of class instruction. 420. Brass Prerequisite: Music 124. 430. Percussion Prerequisite: Music 327. 440. String Prerequisite: Music 338. 450. Woodwind Prerequisite: Music 232. V. MUSIC ORGANIZATIONS Opportunities for individual performance in a group experience are provided by music organizations. Membership in the organizations is open on an audition basis to all students of the college. 601. Symphonic Band. 0:3:0 per semester. The Blue and White Marching Band of L.V.C. is noted for its half-time per- formances during the football season. The Symphonic Band of ninety pieces plays sev- eral concerts during the year, both on and off campus. The finest original music for band is performed, as well as arrangements of the standard repertoire. Membership in the band is dependent upon the ability of the applicant and the instrumentation of the band. Students from all departments of the college are invited to audition. 602. All-Girl Band. 0:1:0 per semester. L.V.C. is unique in having one of the few all-girl bands in the nation. All girls in the college with ability as instrumentalists are welcome to audition. Membership de- pends upon proficiency and the needs of the band regarding instrumentation. 603. Symphony Orchestra. 0:3:0 per semester. The Symphony Orchestra is an organization of symphonic proportions maintain- ing a high standard of performance. A professional inteipretation of a wide range of standard orchestral literature is insisted upon. 604. Concert Choir. 0:3:0 per semester. The Concert Choir is composed of approximately fifty voices, selected by audition. All phases of choral literature are studied intensively. In addition to on-campus pro- grams and appearances on radio and television, the Concert Choir makes an annual tour. 605. College Chorus. 0:1:0 per semester. The College Chorus provides an opportunity to study and participate in the pres- entation of choral literature of major composers from all periods of music history. It is 75 open to all students who are interested in this type of musical performance and who have had some experience in singing. 606. Chapel Choir. 0:1:0 per semester. The Chapel Choir is composed of approximately forty voices, selected by audi- tion. The main function of this choir is to provide musical leadership in the college's chapel services. In addition, seasonal services of choral music are prepared. 607. Beginning Ensemble. 0:1:0 per semester. A training band and orchestra in which students play secondary instruments and become acquainted with elementary band and orchestral literature. Opportunity is given for advanced conducting students to gain experience in conducting. 608. Wind Ensemble. 0:1:0 per semester. The Wind Ensemble provides an opportunity for advanced players of wind and percussion instruments to play the growing repertoire of music being written for this medium. In addition, standard classical works for wind and/or percussion instruments are played. The forty-five members of this organization are chosen by audition. Instrumental Small Ensembles. 0: 1 :0 per semester. Open to the advanced player on an audition basis. 611. String Quartet. 612. String Trio. 613. Clarinet Choir. 614. Woodwind Quintet. 615. Brass Ensemble. 616. Percussion Ensemble. 617. Saxophone Quintet. VI. THE HISTORY AND APPRECIATION OF MUSIC 100. History and Appreciation of Music. 3:3:0. Either semester. A course for the non-music major designed to increase the individual's musical perceptiveness. Through selective, intensive listening, the student develops concepts of musical materials and techniques. The \ocabulary thus gained is utilized in a survey of Western music from the Middle Ages to the present. This course is designed primarily for the student with no previous musical background. 341/342. History and Literature of Music I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. A survey course of the history of Western music. Emphasis is placed on the vari- ous stylistic developments which have occurred from one era to another, on the com- posers who have been responsible for these developments, and the music written dur- ing these various eras illustrating these stylistic trends. For this purpose, extensive use of recordings is made a part of the course. The first semester includes the development of music up to the Baroque era, the second semester from the Baroque to the present. 351/352/353/354. Organ Seminar I, II, III, IV. 2:2:0 per semester. A four-semester sequence based upon the investigation and study of the following: 351: Organ Design and Registration. 352: Organ History and Literature. (Early times through the mid-Baroque with emphasis upon French and German music.) 353: Organ Literature. (An investigation of the organ literature of J. S. Bach and his contem- poraries; organ literature of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.) 354: Church Service Playing. Required for organ students in the B.A. program in music; open to other organ students with the approval of the instructor. 406. Piano Seminar. 2:2:0. Second semester, on demand. A survey of the history of the piano including a brief review of its predecessors; a study of the literature for the instrument, with special emphasis on that available to 76 the average student; a study of the problems encountered in the preparation of piano material, its presentation in recital, and related pedagogical problems. 462. Music Literature Seminar. 3:3:0. Second semester. A study of music literature in depth according to style, form, and techniques of the various periods. Attention is given to twentieth century compositions. Students pursue a project of their own interest. Designed especially for the B.A. candidate in music with application of accumulated knowledge in theory, music history, and musical form. VII. CONDUCTING 246. Principles of Conducting. 2:2:0. Second semester. Principles of conducting and the technique of the baton are presented. Each student conducts vocal and instrumental ensembles made up of the class personnel. 345. Instrumental Conducting. 2:2:0. First semester. Emphasis on practical work with instrumental groups. Rehearsal techniques are applied through individual experience. 347. Choral Conducting. 2:2:0. First semester. Further refinement of the conductor's basic technique applied to the choral idiom. Laboratory situations will provide for training in areas of rehearsal procedures, mate- rials, and special problems of choral conducting: diction, tonal development and style. VIII. APPLIED MUSIC INSTRUCTION 132. Diction for Singers. 1:1:0. Second semester. An introduction to the pronunciation of singer's English, German, French, Italian, and Latin, providing a basic command of musical terminology in these languages; and development of a fundamental command of the International Phonetic Alphabet. 520. Class Instruction (Voice and Piano). 1:1:0 per semester. 530. Individual Instruction. l:i/i:0 per semester. (Voice, Piano, Organ, Orchestral and Band Instruments.) 540. Individual Instruction. 2:1:0 per semester. (Voice, Piano, Organ, Orchestral and Band Instruments.) A charge is made for the second half-hour of instruction. (Private study in major performance; for B.A. music majors only.) IX. DEPARTMENTAL HONORS AND INDEPENDENT STUDY 500. Independent Study. 1-3 hours credit. Either semester. (Maximum of 9 hours credit.) A course designed for the student who desires to engage in independent study, either with or without departmental honors. (See information on page 71 for De- partmental Honors.) THE STUDENT RECITALS The student recitals are of inestimable value to all students in ac- quainting them with a wide range of the best musical literature, in devel- oping musical taste and discrimination, in affording experience in appear- ing before an audience, and in gaining self-reliance as well as nerve con- trol and stage demeanor. Students at all levels of performance appear in these student recitals. 77 PHILOSOPHY Assistant Professor Thompson, Chairman; Adjunct Professor Ehrhart; Instructor Hefner. The department of philosophy serves a major purpose in the cur- riculum by attempting to make the student aware of the need for a crit- ical evaluation and analysis of the ideas, beliefs, and faiths — scientific and humanistic — within the Western intellectual tradition. Part of the rationale for the study of philosophy at the college is found in the value of its attempt to examine the history of ideas as it comes to us from the ancient Greeks. But more than this, philosophy seeks to interpret and analyze these ideas as they relate to the student's own exis- tence and that of mankind as a whole. The study of philosophy at Leba- non Valley College takes both inspiration and justification from the maxim of Socrates that "the unexamined life is not worth living." Major: A total of twenty-four hours, including Philosophy 120, is re- quired of the philosophy major. INDEPENDENT STUDY AND DEPARTMENTAL HONORS Students who wish to do independent work in philosophy beyond the scope of courses listed in the college catalog may elect, with depart- mental approval, to take Independent Study, Philosophy 500, which is conducted in a tutorial fashion. A junior or senior student may, with departmental permission, un- dertake to do individual study for honors by enrollment in Philosophy 500, Independent Study. This involves the writing and oral defense of a detailed research project or critical study on an approved topic. This program is open ordinarily only to departmental majors who have done well in their course work and are aiming at advanced work in philos- ophy; it is not, however, limited to such students. The student who suc- cessfully meets the requirements of the program shall be recommended to the dean of the college for graduation with departmental honors. 110. Problems of Philosophy. 3:3:0. Either semester. An introduction to some of the main problems of philosophy and to the ways in which leading philosophers have dealt with them. As part of this course, students learn the critical analysis of ideas. 120. General Logic. 3:3:0. Either semester. An introduction to the rules of clear and effective thinking. Attention is given to the logic of meaning, the logic of valid inference, and the logic of factual inquiry. Main emphasis is laid upon deductive logic, and students are introduced to the ele- ments of symbolic logic as well as to traditional modes of analysis. 228. Ethics. 3:3:0. Second semester. An inquiry into the central problems of ethics, with an examination of the responses of major ethical theories to those problems. 231. Philosophy of Religion. 3:3:0. First semester. A study of the issues raised for philosophy by contemporary religious and theo- logical thought. A critical examination of such problems as faith and reason; the mean- ing of revelation, symbolism, and language; the arguments for the existence of God; faith and history; religion and culture. 78 323. Greek Philosophy. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1974-1975. A study of the evolution of philosophy from its origin in the speculations of the pre-Socratic nature philosophers to the work of Hellenistic philosophers of the fourth century, with emphasis on the thought of Plato and Aristotle. Prerequisite: Philosophy 110 or consent of the instructor. 326. Medieval Philosophy. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1974-1975. The history of philosophy is traced from the decline of the Hellenistic Age to the Renaissance, with emphasis on the development and subsequent criticism of the system- atic elaborations of the schoolmen of the late Middle Ages. Prerequisite: Philosophy 110 or consent of the instructor. 333. Modem Philosophy. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1975-1976. This course follows the development of philosophic thought in the writings of the principal thinkers from the Renaissance to the beginning of the nineteenth century, with emphasis on the work of Hume and Kant. Prerequisite: Philosophy 110 or consent of the instructor. 336. Twentieth Century Philosophy. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1975-1976. An examination of the foremost American, British, and Continental philosophers from 1900 to the present. Prerequisite: Philosophy 110 or consent of the instructor. 340. Aesthetics. 3:3:0. Offered either semester on sufficient demand only. A study of the nature and basis of criticism of works of art. Prerequisite: Philosophy 110 or consent of the instructor. 341. Metaphysics. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1974-1975. A detailed consideration of the theory of reality, as interpreted by representative philosophers from the pre-Socratics to the British and American linguistic analysts, in- cluding the twentieth-century phenomenologists. Prerequisite: Philosophy 110 or consent of the instructor. 346. Epistemology. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1974-1975. A critical and analytical study of the chief questions involved in "knowing," as formulated by representative thinkers from the time of Plato to the present. Prerequisite: Philosophy 110 or consent of the instructor. 365. Philosophy of Science. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1975-1976. An examination of the philosophical foundations of the physical sciences. Topics include: experimental method, structure and confirmation of theories, inductive logic, causality, philosophy of space and time. One of these topics is selected for special em- phasis. Prerequisite: Philosophy 110 or consent of the instructor. Students are strongly urged to have taken a course in physics or chemistry. 442. Seminar. 3 hours credit. Second semester. Discussion of selected problems of philosophy. Open to upperclassmen only, with consent of the instructor. 500. Independent Study. 1-3 hours credit. Either semester. See information on page 78. (Maximum of 9 hours credit.) Prerequisite: consent of the instructor. PHYSICAL EDUCATION Assistant Professor Petrofes, Chairman; Assistant Professors Reed and Sor- rentino; Instructors Correll and Yuhas The aims o£ this department are (1) to encourage attitudes and habits of good total heakh; (2) to develop the student's physical capacities; (3) 79 to provide activities which will enrich leisure throughout one's life. Four (4) semesters of physical education are required. In addition to the family physician's report, it is strongly recom- mended that all entering students also imdergo a thorough visual ex- amination. Students are required to wear the regulation gymnasium outfit, which may be purchased at the college store. 110. Physical Education (Men) (Women) 0:2:0 per semester. (Men) The physical education activities include: physical fitness, touch football, basketball, softball, volleyball, badminton, golf, handball, squash, wrestling, tennis, swimming, soccer, lacrosse, paddleball, gymnastics, circuit training, weight training, and care and prevention of injuries. (Women) The physical education activities include: soccer, softball, swimming, golf, archery, \olIeyball, badminton, table tennis, tennis, gymnastics, calisthenics, field hockey, squash, basketball, and paddleball. PHYSICS Professor Rhodes, Chairman; Professor Emeritus Grimm.; Associate Pro- fessor O'Donnell; Assistant Professor Morgan The department of physics attempts to develop in the student an in- creased understanding of the basic laws of nature as they relate to our physical environment, and to indicate the possible extent, as well as the limitations, of our knowledge of the physical world. The course Physics 100 is designed especially for the non-science major who may wish only a one-semester introduction to the role of physics and its impact on society. The introductory course Physics 103, 104 is intended for students who desire a one-year survey course in physics without the calculus prerequisite. The sequence of courses 111, 112 and 211, 212 provides suitable training for students who anticipate additional work in the physical sciences, whether it be in physics, chemistry, engineer- ing, applied mathematics, or some other area for which a strong back- ground in physics is essential. Laboratory work is an an integral part of all the physics courses at the freshman and sophomore level; laboratory work at the junior and senior levels is provided in Physics 327/328 and Physics 500. These are courses designed to acquaint the student with the experimental techniques and the measuring instruments appropriate to the various areas of investigation, and to give experience in the interpre- tation and communication of experimental results. Laboratory facilities include a neutron howitzer, beta and gamma detection equipment with a multi-channel pulse height analyzer, lasers, a 50 kV X-ray diffractom- eter, and a harmonic wave anlyzer. The department prepares students for graduate study, for research and development work in governmental and industrial laboratories, and for teaching physics in the secondary schools. It also provides background courses in physics appropriate for work in various basic and applied areas 80 of the physical sciences, such as astrophysics, biophysics, space science, and computer technology. Major: Math 161, 162, 261, 266, or 111, 112, 211 or 266; Physics 111, 112, 211, 311, 312, 321, 322, and six additional semester hours, of which at least two shall be in experimental physics. INDEPENDENT STUDY AND DEPARTMENTAL HONORS Independent Study, Physics 500, is available to all physics majors with the approval of the departmental chairman. Experimental facilities are available in the department for independent investigations in X-ray diffraction, neutron reactions, radioactivity, Mossbauer effect, gamma ray spectroscopy, and wave analysis. Theoretical problems may be chosen from classical physics, statistical mechanics, or quantum mechanics. Physics majors who have demonstrated high academic ability may, with the permission of the departmental chairman and the dean of the college, participate in the departmental honors program in physics. Ap- plication for admission to this program should be made before the end of the junior year. A student admitted to the program enrolls in Physics I 500 and works on an experimental or theoretical research project, nor- mally for a period of a year, with departmental supervision. Upon the satisfactory completion of an approved project and the formal presenta- I tion of a research paper before an examining committee, the student will be recommended to the dean of the college for graduation with depart- mental honors. 100. Physics and Its Impact. 4:3:2. Either semester. A course designed to acquaint the student, especially the non-science major, with some of the important concepts of physics, both classical and modern, and with the scientific method, its nature and its limitations. The role of physics in the history of thought and its relationships to other disciplines and to society and government are considered. The weekly two-hour laboratory period provides experience in the acquisi- tion, representation, and analysis of experimental data, and demonstration of the physi- cal phenomena with which the course deals. No mathematics or science prerequisite. 103, 104. General College Physics I, II. 4:3:3 per semester. An introduction to the fundamental concepts and laws of the various branches of physics, including mechanics, heat, sound, electricity, magnetism, optics, and atomic and nuclear structure, with laboratory work in each area. Ill, 112. Principles of Physics I, II. 4:3:3 per semester. An introductory course in classical physics, designed for students who desire a more rigorous mathematical approach to college physics than is given in Physics 103, 104. Calculus is used throughout. The first semester is devoted to mechanics and heat, and the second semester to electricity, magnetism, and optics, with laboratory work in each area. This course should be followed by Physics 211. Prerequisite or corequisite: Mathematics 111 or 161. 211. Atomic and Nuclear Physics. 4:3:3. First semester. I An introduction to modern physics, including the foundation of atomic physics, the quantum theory of radiation, the atomic nucleus, radioactivity, and nuclear reac- tions, with laboratory work in each area. Prerequisite: Physics 104 or 112. 81 212. Introduction to Electronics. 4:3:3. Second semester. The physics of electrons and electronic devices, including vacuum tubes, diodes, transistors, power supplies, amplifiers, oscillators, switching circuits, and servomechan- isms, with laboratory work in each area. Prerequisite: Physics 104 or 112. 311, 312. Analytical Mechanics I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. A rigorous study of classical mechanics, including the motion of a single particle, the motion of a system of particles, and the motion of a rigid body. Damped and forced harmonic motion, the central force problem, the Euler description of rigid body motion, and the Lagrange generalization of Newtonian mechanics are among the topics treated. Prerequisites: Physics 111 and Mathematics 266. 321, 322. Electricity and Magnetism I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. A rigorous study of the basic phenomena of electromagnetism, together with the application of fundamental principles to the solving of problems. The electric and magnetic properties of matter, direct current circuits, alternating current circuits, the Maxwell field ec|uations, and the propagation of electromagnetic waves are among the topics treated. Prerequisites: Physics 112 and Mathematics 266. 327/328. Experimental Physics I, II. 1 :0:3 per semester. Experimental work selected from the areas of mechanics, A.C. and D.C. electrical measurements, optics, atomic physics, or nuclear physics, with emphasis on experimental design, measuring techniques, and analysis of data. Prerequisite: Physics 211. 421, 422. Modem Physics I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. A rigorous study of selected topics in modern physics, utilizing the methods of Cjuantum mechanics. The Schrodinger equation is solved for such systems as potential barriers, potential wells, the linear oscillator, the rigid rotator, and the hydrogen atom. Perturbation techniques and the operator formalism of quantum mechanics are intro- duced where appropriate. Prerequisite: Physics 312. 430. The Teaching of Physics in Secondary Schools. 1:1:0. Either semester. A course designed to acquaint the student with some of the special methods, programs, and problems in the teaching of physics in secondary schools. Required for secondary certification in physics. 480. Special Topics in Physics. 3:3:0 per semester. A seminar in one or more of the following areas of physics is offered each semes- ter, and is open, with the approval of the instructor, to juniors and seniors from any department. (a) Thermodynamics. A study of the laws of thermodynamics from which the following topics are developed: thermodynamic variables, equations of state, phase transitions, specific heats, entropy, and low temperature phenomena. (b) Statistical Mechanics. Maxwell-Boltzmann, Bose-Einstein, and Fermi-Dirac statistics are derived and used to discuss specific heats, paramagnetism, the properties of molecules, photons, and electrons, and fluctuations. (c) Wave Theory. A study of the theory of waves as it applies to electrodynamics, optics, and acoustics. The topics coveted include propagation of wave motion, wave guides, diffraction and interference phenomena, and polarization. (d) Nuclear Physics. The topics covered include properties of nuclei, nuclear force, nuclear models, properties of alpha, beta, and gamma decay, fission, and fusion. (e) Solid State Physics. The topics covered include the properties of crystals, electronic states in solids, semiconductors, and the electric and magnetic properties of solids. 82 500. Independent Study. 1-3 hours credit. Either semester. (Maximum of 9 hours credit.) An experimental or theoretical investigation in a selected area of physics under the supervision of a physics staff member. Open to all physics majors with the permis- sion of the departmental chairman. See information on page 81 . PSYCHOLOGY Professor Davidon, Chairman; Professor Love; Assistant Professors Mather and Carlson The courses in psychology are designed to develop an understanding and appreciation of man, as they present methods, findings, and theories of behavioral science. There is a complete program for those preparing for graduate school studies leading to a professional career in either experimental or clinical psychology. Furthermore, many of the courses provide an important background for those preparing for careers in other fields such as medicine, teaching and business. The program for a major in psychology can help qualify one for teaching psychology in high school and can be relevant to em- ployment and further training in agencies, hospitals, and laboratories. Major: Psychology 110, 225, 226, 343, 443 and electives in psychology to complete at least 24 hours. Students preparing for graduate school in psychology are advised to include Psychology 227 or 228, 335/336, 444 and 4 hours of 445/446. With approval. Biology 201 and 202 may be substituted for electives in psychology. Mathematics 170 may be substi- tuted if it has not been used to fulfill the natural science distribution re- quirement. Three hours of Psychology 445/446 may be substituted for Psychology 443. INDEPENDENT STUDY AND DEPARTMENTAL HONORS For the capable student who wishes to take part in selecting and planning his own investigation within particular areas of psychology, a program of independent study and research for credit may replace courses. The student is assisted by a member of the faculty with whom he has individual conferences. The student's investigation is designated as Independent Study (Psychology 500), whether or not he is a candidate for departniental honors. In order to begin a program of individual study for departmental honors, a psychology major is required to: (1) have an over-all grade- point average of 2.5; (2) have an average of 3.0 in psychology courses; (3) show consistently high interest and initiative; and (4) obtain the ap- proval of the departmental staff and the dean of the college. Graduation with honors in psychology will depend on the quality of independent study, the written and oral reports, and the maintenance of the grade-point averages specified for admission to the study program. 83 110. General Psychology. 3:3:0. Either semester. An introduction to the scientific study of behavior and human experience, with emphasis on biological and environmental influences upon learning, perception, motiva- tion, and cognitive functions. Studies of the person, of development and personality, and of interpersonal relationships are reviewed. 220. Educational Psychology. 3:3:0. Either semester. An application of psychological principles to problems and issues encountered in formal education. Required for state certification in elementary and music education. Prerequisite: Psychology 110. 221. Childhood and Development. 3:3:0. First semester. A study of human growth and development with particular emphasis upon the psychological development of the child. Theories of development and appropriate re- search studies are included. Opportunities will be made available for field experience with children. Required for state certification in elementary education. Prerequisite: Psychology 110. 222. Psychology of Adolescence. 3:3:0. Second semester. (Not offered 1974-1975.) A study of the psychological development in the adolescent period. Prerequisite: Psychology 110. 225. Experimental Psychology I (Learning and Motivation). 3:3:0. First semester. Instrumental and classical conditioning techniques are compared and related to theories of human and animal learning and motivation. Basic methods in the investiga- tion of verbal learning are also considered. Prerequisite: Psychology 110. 226. Experimental Psychology II (Sensory and . Perceptual Processes). 3:3:0. Second semester. Review of major areas of investigation of visual, auditory and other sensory systems. Psychophysical methods, and principles of sensory differentiation and field organization are included. Prerequisite: Psychology 110. 227. Laboratory Investigations I (Learning). 1:0:3. First semester. Animal learning experiments coordinated with topics in Psychology 225. Simple learning situations are demonstrated. Students design and conduct experiments, analyze data, and write technical reports. Prerequisite: Psychology 110. Corequisite: Psychology 225. 228. Laboratory Investigations II (Sensory and Perceptual Processes). 1:0:3. Second semester. Experiments with human subjects, coordinated with topics in Psychology 226. Students select sensory/perceptual problems for investigation, have a part in the de- sign of experiments, conduct trials, do statistical computation, and interpret the results. Prerequisite: Psychology 110. Corequisite: Psychology 226. 300. Cinematic Conceptions of Man. 3 hours credit. Viewing films as literary works, an examination of the thematic, stylistic, and structural statements and assertions concerning man's actions and psychology that are made by aiiteurs, and involved in film genres and historical periods. Specific topics (e.g., Fellini, Antonioni, the Western, and Neo-Realism) to be selected each term, and dis- cussions will be based upon films in a film series illustrating the topic, a series held in conjunction with the course. May be taken twice for credit. 335/336. Research Design and Statistical Analysis I, II. 3 hours credit per semester. Principles of research design and inferential statistical analysis planning and ex- ecution of studies. Prerequisites: Psychology 110, 225, and 226. 84 343. Personality. 3:3:0. First semester. A study of major concepts and theories and of the empirical bases for these. Prerequisites: Psychology 110; junior or senior standing, or permission of the instructor. 346. Social Psychology. 3:3:0. Second semester. Studies of the person's social responses and attributes, of group structures and rela- tions, of cultural norms, and of social influences on behavior. Prerequisites: Psychology 110; junior or senior standing, or permission of the instructor. 431. Abnormal Behavior and Experience. 3 hours credit. First semester. An introduction to the major syndromes of abnormal behavior and their dynamics, and to the psychological, sociocultural and biological conditions associated with their development. Prerequisites: Psychology 110 and 343, or permission of the instructor. 432. Introduction to Clinical Psychology. 3 hours credit. Second semester. Consideration of diagnostic procedures, dynamics, etiology, and treatment of be- havior disorders. Prerequisites: Psychology 110, 431; senior standing or permission of the instructor. 443. History and Theory. 3:3:0. First semester. Philosophical issues, areas and trends of investigation, and "schools of psychology" prior to 1940. Prerequisites: Psychology 110, 225 and 226; junior or senior standing, or permis- sion of the instructor. 444. Physiological Psychology. 3:2:2. Second semester. A comparative study of neuroanatomy and neurophysiology with emphasis on the human nervous system. Functional and anatomical relationships are related to problems in sensation, perception, learning, and motivation. Prerequisites: Psychology 110; Biology 101/102 or permission of the instructor. 445/446. Research Seminar I, II. 1-3 hours credit per semester. Each semester areas of investigation or problems will be selected for individual or group study, and students conduct reviews of the relevant literature, regularly discuss studies and theoretical issues at seminar meetings, and prepare research papers. Prerequisites: Two semesters of psychology beyond Psychology 110, and senior standing. 500. Independent Study. 3 hours credit. Either semester. (Maximum of 9 hours credit.) Individual investigation of a selected topic in psychology, involving either an ex- periment, a project in the community, or a systematic program of reading, each under the supervision of a member of the department. This includes conferences with the instructor. See information on page 83. Prerequisites: Psychology 110, two additional psychology courses, and permission of the department. RELIGION Professor Wethington, Chairman; Professor Troutman; Assistant Pro- fessors Byrne and Cantrell; Adjunct Associate Professor Bemesderfer The aim of this department is to provide opportunity for the aca- demic study of the meaning of man's rehgious experience. Toward this end, the department offers courses which introduce the 85 student to the various historical and contemporary expressions of the Christian heritage as well as courses which acquaint him with the diverse religious traditions of mankind. As pre-professional preparation, courses are provided for those who are looking toward graduate studies in the humanities, social sciences, world cultures, the Christian ministry, world missions, and other church vocations, as well as the academic teaching of religion. Major: A total of twenty-four semester hours is required, including Religion 403 and 404. A total of six hours of New Testament or Hellen- istic Greek (Greek 322) as well as Philosophy of Religion (Philosophy 231) may be counted toward a religion major. DEPARTMENTAL HONORS Students wishing to participate in the departmental honors pro- gram in the department may do so by fulfilling the following require- ments: (1) achieve high academic standing in departmental courses; (2) submit a paper in connection with a course beyond the first year courses; (3) apply and receive approval for participation in departmental honors from the departmental chairman and the dean of the college by the end of the first semester of the junior year; (4) prepare an essay of 10,000 words or more under the direction of a member of the department to be submitted by March 15 of the senior year; (5) defend the essay before a faculty committee selected by the department chairman and the dean of the college. On the basis of his performance in the essay and the oral examina- tion, the departmental chairman and the dean of the college will de- termine whether or not the candidate is to receive departmental honors. 111. Introduction to Biblical Thought. 3:3:0. First semester. An examination of some of the basic themes of Biblical religion in relation to their historical context and their contemporary implications. 1 12. Introduction to the Christian Faith. 3:3:0. Second semester. A systematic inquiry into the areas of religious languages, religious knowledge, and the doctrines of God, man, Christ, and the Church. 120. Religion in America. 3:3:0. Either semester. A study of contemporary Judaism, Roman Catholicism, and Protestantism in the United States, including a brief historical background of each. Some attention is given to the various religious sects and cults. No prerequisite. 130. American Folk Religion. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1975-1976. A study of both of the folk traditions of selected American denominations and sects, and of the theological implications of "secular" folklore. Emphasis will be placed on field-work as well as on analysis. Prerequisite: Religion 120 or permission of instructor. 140. World Religions. 3:3:0. Either semester. An examination of the rise and development of religion along with a study of the ideas, and cultic and ethical practices of the great world faiths. Special attention given to Asian religions. No prerequisite. 86 202. The Prophets. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1»74-1975. A study of the lives and writings of the Old Testament prophets, and an analysis of their contributions to Hebrew-Christian religious thought. Prerequisite: Religion 111. 206. Near East Archaeology and the Bible. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1975-1976. An examination of archaeology in biblical lands, its methods, objectives, and con- tributions to the areas of history, culture, and religion. Prerequisite: Religion 111 or permission of instructor. 211. Life and Teachings of Jesus. 3:3:0. First semester. An intensive study of the life and message of Jesus as set forth in the Gospels. Prerequisite: Religion 111 or 112. 212. Life and Epistle of Paul. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1975-1976, A study of the life, writings, and theological thought of Paul and their relation- ship to the practices, problems, and beliefs of the early church. Prerequisite: Religion 112. 222. Christian Ethics. 3:3:0. Second semester. A systematic analysis of the implications of the Christian faith both for personal moral decision, and for social policy in such areas as government and political life, work and the economic order. Prerequisite: Religion 111 or 112. 331. Christian Tradition and Reform. 3:3:0. First semester, A study of the major and continuing strains in the history of Christianity and the principal reform movements. No prerequisite. 332. Theological Issues in Contemporary Secular Authors. 3:3:0, Second semester. Offered 1974-1975, Identification, analysis, and interpretation of issues of special theological import raised by thinkers representing "non-theological" disciplines. Prerequisite: Religion 112, or consent of instructor. 342. Introduction to Christian Nurture. 3:3K>. Second semester. Offered 1975-1976, An investigation of some of the principles and problems of religious education as they are related to higher education, the public school, the church school, and the home. Prerequisite: Religion 111 or 112. 403. Seminar in Classical Christian Thinkers. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1974-1975. An intensive study of the thought of such classical religious thinkers as Augustine, Aquinas, Luther, and others. Required of majors and strongly recommended for all pre-theological students; others by permission of the chairman of the department. 404, Seminar in Contemporary Religious Problems, 3:3:0, Second semester. Offered 1974-1975, A study of selected problems arising from recent theological efforts. Research methodology is stressed. Required of majors and strongly recommended for all pre-theological students; others by permission of the chairman of the department. 500, Independent Study, 1-3 hours credit. Either semester, (Maximum of 9 hours credit.) For departmental honors see information on page 86. RUSSIAN See Foreign Languages, page 60, 87 SOCIAL SCIENCE General Adviser: Professor Geffen. Upon choice of an area of concentra- tion the student is given an adviser in that discipline. The social sciences examine the structure of society and the be- havior of human beings in group relationships within that structure. This interdisciplinary program provides an opportunity for the student to explore the basic concepts of a broad spectrum of social science dis- ciplines — economics, history, political science, and sociology — and then to do more concentrated work in his choice of one of these subject areas. All courses are taught by the respective departments and share the objectives of those departments. These objectives and specific course content are described in the respective departmental sections in this catalog. The general purpose of the program is to develop the student's un- derstanding of the nature of the social processes in which he is involved as a human being and the structure within which he lives as a member of society, in order that he may function more effectively. The program also offers basic preparation for graduate, theological, and law schools, and for careers in business, government, social work, and teaching. Basic Requirements: Economics 110/120, History 125/126, Political Science 111/112, Sociology 111/112. Concentration Requirements (One of the following): Economics: Economics 490 and any other three courses in Eco- nomics. History: History 213, 412, and any other two courses in History. Political Science: Political Science 217, 412, and any other two courses in Political Science. Sociology: Sociology 335, 444, and any other two courses in Sociology. Students concentrating in Sociology are also re- quired to take Mathematics 170. SOCIOLOGY Associate Professor Berson, Chairman; Assistant Professor Rush The courses in the department of sociology have been designed: (1) to develop the student's understanding of the social structure and the social relationships in and through which man functions; (2) to provide preliminary training for those who are planning to enter the field of social, religious, and community work; and (3) to furnish basic back- ground knowledge for the pursuit of graduate work in sociology. Major: Sociology 111, 112, 335, 346, 444, Mathematics 170, and fifteen additional hours from Sociology 222, 301, 331, 332, 333, and 344, Anthropology 211, and Psychology 346. DEPARTMENTAL HONORS The departmental honors program is designed to provide stimula- tion for superior students who have demonstrated high academic ability and initiative. The program is planned as an integral part of the student's major study based upon his special interests and area of concentration. Students desiring to participate in this program need to fulfill the fol- lowing requirements: (1) maintain an average of 3.0 in sociology courses; (2) maintain an over-all grade-point average of 2.5; (3) apply for admis- sion to the departmental honors program at the beginning of the second semester of the sophomore year; and (4) receive approval from the department chairman and the dean of the college before the end of the first semester of the junior year. The program requires the investiga- tion of a major problem through study and research culminating in a formal oral presentation of a paper to be defended before a faculty com- mittee. Determination of departmental honors will be made by the de- partment chairman and the dean of the college on the basis of demon- strated proficiency. ANTHROPOLOGY 211. Introduction to Anthropology. 3:3:0. First semester. A general survey of the fields of physical anthropology, archeology, and cultural anthropology, with some attention given to the uses and methods of anthropology and to the effect of culture on personality. SOCIOLOGY 111. Introduction to Sociology. 3:3:0. First semester. A systematic study of the major concepts, methods, and areas of sociology. Anal- ysis of human values and their interrelationship to group behavior. 112. Contemporary Social Problems. 3:3:0. Second semester. A sociological analysis of problems relating to types of deviant behavior, includ- ing mental disorders, delinquency, crime, and drug addiction, and social disorganiza- tion, including poverty, family disorganization, race, and ethnic relationships. 222. Sociology of the Family. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1974-1975. A cross-cultural perspective and analysis of the changing trends of the family. Structural-functional and role theory approach will be presented. Prerequisite: Sociology 111. 232. Minority Group Relations. 3:3:0. Summer Session. A comparative analysis of ethnic minorities and intergroup relations. Consider- ation of the historical backgrounds, social processes and contemporary problems. Exam- ination of theory and current research. Prerequisite: Sociology 111. 89 301. Criminology. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1974-1975. Presentation of theories relating to the nature, causation, and treatment of crim- inal and delinquent behavior. Prerequisite: Sociology 111. 331. Introduction to Social Welfare. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1974-1975. Historical perspective of the characteristics of social welfare and survey of social work methods. Analysis of social issues and critical evaluation of policies and programs. Prerequisites: Sociology 111 and 112; junior or senior standing for students plan- ning to enroll in Sociology 332. 332. Field Practice in Social Work. 3 hours credit. Second semester. Offered 1974-1975. Application of sociological-social work concepts through super\ised field experi- ence in private and public agencies and hospitals supplemented by course material. Prerequisite: Sociology 331; junior or senior standing. 333. Social Institutions. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1975-1976. Analysis of the structure and function of the institutional system. Emphasis upon the influence of the major social institutions including religion, mass culture, and mass media. Prerequisite: Sociology 111. 335. Methods of Social Research. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1975-1976. An introduction to the basic principles of research design and to the primary' techniques utilized in the collection and analysis of data for testing sociological hypotheses. Prerequisites: Sociology 111, 112, and Mathematics 170; open only to junior and senior majors in sociology and to others by permission of the staff. 344. Population. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1975-1976. A study of the size, growth, composition, and distribution of the peoples of the earth. Emphasis is placed on problems occasioned by urban development. Prerequisite: Sociology 111. 346. Development of Sociological Theory. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1975-1976. A study of the theorists and trends in sociological thought. Major sociocultural systems and the structural-functional approach are explored. Prerequisites: Sociology 111 and 112; open only to junior and senior majors in so- ciology and to others by permssion of the staff. 444. Senior Seminar. 3:3:0. Second semester. Critical analysis of sociological theory applied to contemporary issues. Major project required. Prerequisite: senior sociology major or permission of the department chairman. 500. Independent Study. 1-3 hours credit. Either semester. (Maximum of 9 hours credit.) Designed for the student who seeks to engage in independent research whether for departmental honors or not. A major area for investigation is defined by the student in consultation with a faculty member. A substantive paper is required. Requirements include: (1) 2.5 average based upon a minimum of six courses in sociology and (2) junior or senior standing for those not enrolled in the departmental honors program. SPANISH See Foreign Languages, page 60. SPECIAL PLANS OF STUDY The adviser to each of these programs should be consulted for the details of the program's requirements and recommendations. 90 ACTUARIAL SCIENCE Adviser: Miss Burros The actuarial science program (see page 68 for requirements) is designed to prepare students for the first four of the ten examinations required by the So- ciety of Actuaries for admission as a Fellow. The college is a testing center for the Society of Actuaries, and each of the four examinations may be taken on campus. In addition, the choice of courses available to the actuarial science major is broad enough to qualify him as a major in mathematics. BIOLOGY (Professional Biology, Marine Biology, Pre-Medicine, Pre- Dentistry, Pre -Veterinary Curricula) Advisers: Dr. Wolf, Dr. Gring, Dr. Henninger, Dr. Williams, and Dr. Wolfe First Year Bi 111, 112, General Biology I, II Ch 111, 112, Principles of Chem. I, II En 111/112, English Composition, I, II Ma 161, 162, Calculus I, II* PE 110/110, Physical Education Second Year Bi 201, Genetics Bi 202, Animal Physiology Ch 21 1, Rctn. Kinetics Sc Chem. Eqlbra. Ch. 212, Chem. of the Covalent Bond For. Lang. Ill, 112, Interm. Fr, Ger, Ru, or Sp 1, II Religion, gen. req. (3 hrs. each sem.) Soc. Sci. or Hum., dist. req. (3 hrs. each sem.) PE 110/110, Physical Education Third Year Bi 302 or 307, Botany or Plant Phys. Bi elective (4 hrs. either sem.) Ch 313, Organic Chemistry** Ch 317, Lab. Investigations III** Phy 103, 104 or 111, 112, Gen. Coll. Physics I, II or Prin. of Physics I, II Soc. Sci. or Hum., dist. req. (3 hrs. 1st sem., 6 hrs. 2nd sem.) Fourth Year Bi electives (4 hrs. each sem.) Bi 411 or 412, Biology Seminar ( 1 hr. either sera.) Electives (6-7 hrs. 1st sem., 9-10 hrs. 2nd sem.) Soc. Sci. or Hum., dist. req. (3 hrs. 1st sem.) CHEMISTRY Advisers: Dr. Neidig, Dr. Lockwood, Dr. Spencer Students entering with advanced placement in chemistry are asked to consult the advisers. Curriculum leading to the degree of Bachelor of Science in Chemistry (part of the requirements for American Chemical Society certified degree). First Year Ch 111, 112, Principles of Chem. I, II En 111/112, English Composition I, II Ger 113, 114, Scientific German I, II Ma 161, 162, Calculus I, II Religion, gen. req. (3 hrs. each sem.) PE 110/110, Physical Education Second Year Ch 21 1, Rctn. Kinetics & Chem. Eqlbra. Ch 212, Chem. of the Covalent Bond * Ma 161 required; Ma 162 and 170 recommended. ** Ch 313, 317 strongly recommended but not required. 91 Ma 261, Calculus III Phy 111, 112, Prin. of Physics I, II Soc. Sci. or Hum. dist. req. (3 hrs. 1st sem., 6 hrs. 2nd sem.) PE 110/110, Physical Education Third Year Ch 311, 312, Physical Chemistry I, II Ch 313, Organic Chemistry Ch 314, Instrumental Analysis Ch 315, 316, Lab. Investigations I, II Ch 317, Lab. Investigations III Ch 318, Lab. Investigations IV Elective (3 hrs. 2nd sem.) Soc. Sci. or Hum., dist. req. 1st sem., 3 hrs. 2nd sem.) (6 hrs. Fourth Year Ch 411, 412, Adv. Inorganic Chem. I, II Ch 413, Adv. Analytical Chemistry Ch 414, Adv. Organic Chemistry Ch 500, Independent Study (both sem.) Electives (6 hrs. 1st sem., 9 hrs. 2nd sem.) Nat. Sci., dist. req. (3 hrs. 1st sem.) ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Advisers: Dr. Tom, Dr. Lee First Year BA 151, Principles of Accounting I CP 110, BASIC Computer Language Distribution req. (0-3 hrs. 1st sem., 3-7 hrs. 2nd sem.) Ec 110/120, Principles of Economics I, II En 111/112, English Composition I, II For. Lang 111, 112, Interm. Fr, Ger, Ru, or Sp I, II Ma 102 or 161 or 170, Algebra & Trig. or Calculus I or Elementary Statistics PE 110/110, Physical Education Second Year Distribution req. (3-4 hrs. 1st sem., 6-7 hrs. 2nd sem.) Ec 201, Microeconomic Analysis Ec 202, Macroeconomic Analysis Ec or BA electives (3 hrs. each sem.)* Hi 213, Intro, to Historiography Religion, gen. req. (3 hrs. each sem.) PE 110/110, Physical Education Third Year Distribution req. (6-7 hrs. each sem.) Ec or BA electives (6 hrs. each sem.)* Electives (3 hrs. each sem.) Fourth Year Ec 490, Sem. & Special Prob. 92 Ec or BA electives (6-9 hrs. each sem.)* Electives (6-9 hrs. each sem.) * Students concentrating in areas desig- nated should schedule courses as indicated: Economics: Ec 301, Labor Economics Ec 311, Money &: Banking Ec 322, Public Finance Ec 332, International Economics Ec 401, History of Economic Thought Ec 411, Economic Growth Ec 422, Quantitative Methods Business Administration: BA 361, Corporation Finance BA 322, Investments & Statement Analysis BA 352 Marketing BA 371, Business Law I BA 372, Business Law II BA 471, Industrial Management & Personnel Administration Accounting: BA 251, Intermediate Accounting BA 252, Advanced Accounting BA 451, Cost Accounting BA 452, Income Tax Accounting BA 461, Auditing For students who are interested in receiving Pennsylvania Teaching Certi- fication in Comprehensive Social Stud- ies with a major in economics, the fol- lowing courses are required: Ec 110/120, Prin. of Economics I, II Ec 201, Microeconomic Analysis Ec 202, Macroeconomic Analysis Ec 490, Seminar & Special Problems BA 151, Principles of Accounting I With electives chosen from among: Ec 301, Labor Economics Ec 31 1, Money Sc Banking Ec 322, Public Finance Ec 332, International Economics Ec 401, Hist, of Economic Thought Ec 411, Economic Growth BA 371, Business Law I BA 372, Business Law II ELEMENTARY EDUCATION Advisers: Dr. Ebersole, Mr. Blazewicz, Mrs. Herr Suggested program for majors in elementary education. First Year Ed 110, Social Foundations of Educa- tion (2nd sem.) En 111/112, English Composition I, II For. Lang. Ill, 112, Interm. Fr, Ger, Ru, or Sp I, II Geo 111, World Geography I Nat. Sci., dist. req. (3-4 hrs. each sem.) Religion, gen. req. (3 hrs. each sem.) PE 110/110, Physical Education Second Year Electives (3-6 hrs. 1st sem., 6-9 hrs. 2nd sem.) EE 220, Music in El. Sch. (either sem.) EE 250, Math, for El. Gr. (either sem.) EE 270, Children's Lit. (either sem.) Hi 125 or 126, Surv. U.S. Hist. I or II Hum., dist. req. (3 hrs. either sem.) Psy 110, General Psychology (1st sem.) Psy 220, Educational Psych. (2nd sem.) PE 110/110, Physical Education Third Year Elective (3 hrs. either sem.) EE 332, Physical Sci. in Elem. Sch. EE 341, Teaching of Reading EE 344, Health & Safety Education EE 361/362, Communications & Group Processes I, II Ma 100, Basic Concepts of Math, or one of the following: 102, 111, 112, 161, or 162, as background indicates. Psy 221, Childhood & Development Soc. Sci., dist. req. (3 hrs. each sem.)* Fourth Year Ar 401, Art in the Elementary School Electives (6-9 hrs. 2nd sem.) EE 440, Student Teaching (1st sem.) EE 444, Senior Seminar Hum., dist. req. (3-6 hrs. 2nd sem.)* * Education 342 is also required and may be taken the second semester of either the third or fourth year. COOPERATIVE ENGINEERING PROGRAM Adviser: Dr. Rhodes Lebanon Valley College offers a cooperative program in engineering whereby a student may earn a Bachelor of Science degree from Lebanon Valley College and a Bachelor of Science degree in one of the fields of engineering from the University of Pennsylvania or other cooperating institution. Students who pursue this cooperative engineering program take three years of work at Lebanon Valley College in the liberal arts and also in the mathemat- ics and physics courses prerequisite for engineering. Then, if recommended by Lebanon Valley College, they may attend the University of Pennsylvania or other cooperating institution for two additional years of work in engineering. After the satisfactory completion of this five-year program the student is granted the 93 Bachelor of Science degree by Lebanon Valley College while the University grants the appropriate engineering degree. At the University of Pennsylvania the student may select from among six general areas of engineering — chemical en- gineering, civil engineering, computer science and engineering, electrical engi- neering, mechanical engineering, or metallurgy and materials science. A typical curriculum for the first three years of the cooperative engineering program is given belov/, but each student's curriculum is planned to meet his particular needs. First Year En 111/112, English Composition I, II For. Lang., gen, req. (3 hrs. each sem.) Ma 161, 162, Calculus I, II Phy 111/112, Principles of Physics I. II Religion, gen. req. (3 hrs. each sem.) PE 110/110, Physical Education Second Year Electives (3 hrs. each sem.) Humanities, dist. req. ( 3 hrs. each sem.) Ma. 261, Calculus III Ma. 266, Differential Equations Phy 211, Atomic & Nuclear Physics Phy 212, Introduction to Electronics COOPERATIVE FORESTRY PROGRAM Please consult Dr. Williams A student in this program may spend three years at Lebanon Valley College studying the liberal arts and the sciences basic to forestry and two more years at the School of Forestry of Duke University. Upon completion of the five-year course, he will be awarded the Bachelor of Science de- gree by Lebanon Valley College and the professional degree of Master of Forestry by Duke. First Year Bi 1 1 1 , 1 1 2, General Biology I, II Ch 111, 112, Principles of Chem. I, II En 111/112, English Composition I, II Ma 161, 162, Calculus I, II* PE 110/110, Physical Education Social Sciences, dist. req. (3 hrs. each, sem.) PE 110/110, Physical Education Third Year Ch 111, 112, Principles of Chem. I, II Humanities, dist. req. (3 hrs. 1st sem.) Ma 361, 362, Methods of Applied Math. LII Phy 311, 312, Analytical Mechanics I, II Phy 321, 322, Electricity and Magne- tism I, II Social Sciences, dist. req. (3 hrs. 2nd sem.) Second Year Bi 201, Genetics Bi 202, Animal Physiology Ch 21 1, Rctn. Kinetics & Chem. Eqlbra. Ch 212, Chem. of the Covalent Bond For. Lang. Ill, 112, Interm. Fr, Ger, Ru, or Sp I, II Hum., dist. req. (3 hrs. 2nd sem.) Religion, gen. req. (3 hrs. 1st sem.) Soc. Sci., dist. req. (3 hrs. each sem.) PE 110/110, Physical Education Third Year Bi 302, Botany Bi 307, Plant Physiology Ch 313, Organic Chemistry Hum., dist. req. (3 hrs. each sem.) Phy 103-104, Gen. Coll. Physics I, II Religion, gen. req. (3 hrs. 2nd sem.) Soc. Sci., dist. req. (3 hrs. 1st sem.) * Ma 161 required; Ma 162 and 170 also recommended. MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY Adviser: Dr. Argot The medical technology student takes three years of courses at Lebanon 94 Valley College in order to fulfill the requirements of the college and of the Board of Schools of the American So- ciety of Clinical Pathologists. The fourth year is spent in training at any hospital with an American Medical Association-approved school of medical technology. Lebanon Valley College is affiliated with the following hospitals: Abington, Allentown Sacred Heart, Harrisburg, Harrisburg Polyclinic, Lan- caster General and Reading. This cur- riculum leads to the degree of Bachelor of Science in Medical Technology from Lebanon Valley. First Year Bi 111, 112, General Biology 1, II Ch 111, 112, Principles of Chem. I, II En 111/112, English Composition I, II Ma 102 or 161, Algebra & Trig, or Cal- culus I. Religion, gen. req. (3 hrs.) PE 110/110, Physical Education Second Year Bi 201, Genetics Bi 202, Animal Physiology Ch 21 1, Rctn. Kinetics k Chem. Eqlbra. Ch 212, Chem. of the Covalent Bond For. Lang. Ill, 112, Interm. Fr, Ger, Ru, or Sp I, II Religion, gen. req. (3 hrs.) Soc. Sci. or Hum., dist. req. (3 or 6 hrs. 1st sem., 3 or 6 hrs. 2nd sem.) PE 110/110, Physical Education Third Year Bi elective (4 hrs. 1st sem.)* Bi 306, Microbiology Elective (3 hrs. either sem.)** Phy 103, 104, Gen. Coll. Physics I, II Soc. Sci. or Hum., dist. req. (9 hrs. either sem.) * Bi 304 or 305 recommended. ** Ma 170 recommended. MUSIC Adviser: Mr. Fairlamh First Year En 111/112, English Composition I, II For. Lang. Ill, 112, Interm. Fr, Ger, Ru, or Sp I, II Mu 1 1 1, 1 12, Sight Singing I, II Mu 1 13, 1 14, Ear Training I, II Mu 115, 116, Harmony L II Mu, applied music (2 hrs. each sem.)* Nat. Sci., dist. req. (3-4 hrs. each sem.) PE 110/110, Physical Education Second Year Electives (3 hrs. 1st sem., 1 hr. 2nd sem.) Mu 215, Harmony III Mu 217, Basic Concepts Structure &: Style Mu 224, Counterpoint Mu 226, Form & Analysis I Mu 246, Prin. of Conducting Mu, applied music (2 hrs. each sem.)* Religion, gen. req. (3 hrs. each sem.) Soc. Sci., dist. req. (3 hrs. each sem.) PE 110/110, Physical Education Third Year Electives (5 hrs. 2nd sem.) Hum., dist. req. (3 hrs. each sem.) Mu 315, Harmony IV Mu 316, Keyboard Harmony Mu 327, Form &: Analysis II Mu 341/342, History of Music I, II Mu, applied music (2 hrs. each sem.)* Soc. Sci., dist. req. (3 hrs. 1st sem.) Fourth Year Electives (7 hrs. 1st sem., 11 hrs. 2nd sem.) Hum., dist. req. ( 3 hrs. 1st sem.) Mu 462, Music Lit. Seminar Mu, applied music (2 hrs. each sem.)* Nat. Sci., dist. req. (3 hrs. 1st sem.) * Study of voice, organ, piano, and orchestral instruments. and band 95 MUSIC EDUCATION Adviser: Mr. Smith Variances by track systems are identi- fied as: (a) General track (b) Instrumental track (c) Keyboard-Vocal track First Year Bi 101/102, Intro, to Biology I, II En 111/112, English Composition I, II For. Lang. Ill, 112, Interm. Fr, Ger, Ru, or Sp Mu 111, 112, Sight Singing I, II Mu 1 13, 1 14, Ear Training, I, II Mu 115, 116, Harmony I, II Mu 123, Brass I Mu, applied music (2 hrs. each sem.)* PE 110/110, Physical Education (a-b) Mu 124, Brass II (c) Mu 132, Diction for Singers Second Year Ed 110, Social Foundations of Educa- tion (2nd sem.) Mu 215, Harmony III Mu 217, Basic Concepts of Structure 8c Style Mu 226, Form & Analysis I Mu 227, Percussion I Mu 231, Woodwind I Mu 246, Principles of Conducting Mu, applied music (2 hrs. each sem.)* Psy 110, General Psychology (1st sem.) Religion, gen. req. (3 hrs. each sem.) Soc. Sci., dist. req. (3 hrs. each sem.) PE 110/110, Physical Education (a-b) Mus 232, Woodwind II Third Year Hum., dist. req. (3 hrs. each sem.) Mu 316, Keyboard Harmony Mu 334, Meth. &: Mat. Gen. Music: Junior High School Mu 335, Meth. & Mat. Instrumental: Gr. 4-6 Mu 337, String I Mu 341/342, History of Music, I, II Mu, applied music (2 hrs. each sem.)* (a-b) Mu 327, Percussion II Mu336, Meth. k Mat. Instru- mental: Jr.-Sr. High Mu 338, String II (a-c) Mu 333, Meth. ?c Mat. Gen. Mu- sic: Elementary (b) Elective (3 hrs. 1st sem.) Mu 345, Instrumental Conduct- ing (c) Elective (3 hrs. 2nd sem.) Mu 347, Choral Conducting (a) Mu 345 or Mu 347 Fourth Year Elective (3-6 hrs. 2nd sem.) Hum., dist. req. (3 hrs. 2nd sem.) Mu 441, Student Teaching Mu, applied music (1 or 2 hrs. each sem.)*t Psy 220, Educational Psych. (1st sem.) Soc. Sci., dist. req. (3 hrs. 2nd sem.) (a-b) Mu 416, Scoring for the Band (b) Mu 402, Sem. in Adv. Instrmntl. Prob. (c) Mu 404, Mu. Ed. Sem.: Secondary Level (a) Mu 402 or Mu 404 * Study of voice, organ, piano, and band and orchestra instruments. f Private study during the student teach- ing semester is at the discretion of the student. NURSING Adviser: Dr. Wolf The nursing program consists of the two- or three-year program of an ac- credited hospital school of nursing and a two-year program in liberal arts at Lebanon Valley College. The two phases of the course may be taken in either order. The college has affiliations with a number of schools of nursing. Comple- 96 tion of the program and receipt of the R.N. (registered nursing) certificate will result in the awarding of the degree of Bachelor of Science in Nursing by Leb- anon Valley College. First Year Ch 111, 112, Principles of Chem. I, II En 111/112, English Composition I, II For. Lang. Ill, 112, Interm. Fr, Ger, Ru, or Sp I, II Religion, gen. req. (3 hrs. each sem.) Soc. Sci. or Hum., dist. req. (3 hrs. each sem.) PE 110/110, Physical Education* Second Year Bi 111, 112, General Biology I, II Electives (6 hrs. 1st sem., 3 hrs. 2nd sem.) Ma 102, Algebra & Trig. Soc. Sci. or Hum., dist. each sem.) (2nd sem.) req. (6 hrs. * Not required if certificate. student has the R.N. SOCIAL SCIENCE General Adviser: Dr. Geffen Basic Requirements Ec 110/120, Principles of Economics LII Hi 125/126, Survey of United States History I, II PS 111/112, American National Gov- ernment I, II So 111, Introduction to Sociology So 112, Contemporary Social Prob- lems Concentration Field (One to be chosen): Economics: Ec 490, Seminar Any other 3 courses in Economics History: Hi 213, Introduction to His- toriography Hi 412, Senior Seminar Any other 2 courses in History Pol. Sci.: PS 217, Research Methods in Political Science PS 412, Senior Seminar Any other 2 courses in Political Science Sociology: So 335, Methods of Social Research So 444, Senior Seminar Any other 2 courses in Sociology Ma 170, Elementary Statistics TEACHING Advisers: Dr. Ebersole, Dr. Alhrecht, Mr. Blazewicz, Mrs. Herr, Mr. Kerr The requirements listed below are applicable to students desiring to be certified to teach in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. BASIC REGULATIONS-PENNSYLVANIA INSTRUCTIONAL I CERTIFICATE A. General Education Certificates are based on tlie completion of a minimum of sixty (60) semester hours of acceptable courses in general education with not less than twelve (12) semester hours in the humanities and not less than six (6) semester hours in each of the following areas: the social sciences and natural sciences. These requirements apply to both elementary and secondary fields. 97 B. Elementary Education— Subject Matter Requirements The Pennsylvania Instructional I certificate may be issued to those who have completed the approved program. The prospective elementary education teacher is also required to have an academic major or an area of concentration of at least 18 to 24 semester hours. The area of concentration may be defined as follows: Study in a single subject such as history; study in a broad field such as sociology, psychology, and anthropology elected from social science; study in an interdisciplinary field such as courses elected from the humanities, social science, or the natural sciences. C. Professional Education for Secondary Teacher Certification Pennsylvania Instructional I certificates are based on the completion of the approved program in the subject field to be taught in the secondary school and a minimum of eighteen (18) semester hours of professional education distributed in the following areas: social foundations of ed- ucation, human growth and development, materials and methods of in- struction and curriculum, and nine (9) semester hours in actual prac- ticum and student teaching experience under approved supervision and appropriate seminars including necessary observation, participation and conferences on teaching problems. The areas of methods and materials of instruction and curriculum, and student teaching shall relate to the subject matter specialization field or fields. D. Secondary Student Teaching Program A student concentrating in a major area of interest may, upon the direction of his adviser and approval of the dean of the college, enroll in one of two student teaching programs. 1. Semester of Professional Training A student desiring to receive, upon graduation, the Pennsylvania In- structional I certificate devotes a semester of the senior year to pro- fessional preparation. The sixteen weeks are organized as follows: Six Weeks: Ed. 420. Human Growth and Development. 3:7Vi:0. See page 54 for course description. Six Weeks: Ed. 430. Practicum and Methods. 3:7i/2:0. See page 54 for course description. Some time is devoted to the presentation of data on basic reading instruction to fulfill certification requirements for the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Ten Weeks: Ed. 440. Student Teaching. Nine semester hours credit. The student enters on a full-time student teaching experience of not less than ten consecutive weeks. He is under the direction of a 98 trained teacher in an accredited high school and is counseled and directed by the college director of secondary student teaching. The student teacher also is observed by his major adviser. Prerequisites for Student Teaching: A student must have: a. Maintained a 2.0 grade-point average in his major field, b. Completed the basic courses of Education 110, 420, and 430, and c. Secured written approval of his major adviser, the director of sec- ondary student teaching, and the dean of the college in order to be accepted for student teaching in the professional semester of his senior year. Post-Graduate Student Teaching The post-graduate student teaching program is under the direc- tion of Lebanon Valley College or, by arrangement, may be pursued with any other accredited institution which has provision for super- vising student teaching in the public schools. Because of the necessity of meeting Pennsylvania state certifica- tion requirements of proper supervision, only a limited number of students are accepted in the in-service student teaching program. Likewise, assignments are made only to those schools within the range of the institution responsible for supervising the enrollee. 99 DIRECTORIES FACULTY AND ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF, 1973-1974 Faculty: FREDERICK P. SAMPLE, 1968—; President. CARL Y. EHRHART, 1947—; Dean of the College. WILLIAM H. FAIRLAMB, 1947—; Secretary of the Faculty. Emeriti: FREDERIC K. MILLER, 1939-1967; President Emeritus. A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 1929; M.A., University of Pennsylvania, 1931; Ph.D., 1948; Litt.D., Muhlen- berg College, 1954; D.H.L., Dickin- son College, 1967; LL.D., Lebanon Valley College, 1968; D.Pd., Geneva College, 1968; LL.D., Waynesburg College, 1969. RUTH ENGLE BENDER, 1918-1922, 1924-1970; Professor Emeritus of Music Educa- tion. A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 1915; Oberlin Conservatory; graduate New England Conservatory. O. PASS BOLLINGER, 1950-1973; Associate Professor Emeritus of Biology. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1928; M.S., The Pennsylvania State Uni- versity, 1937. D. CLARK CARMEAN, 1933-1972; Director Emeritus of Admissions. A.B., OhioWesleyan University, 1926; M.A., Columbia University, 1932. DONALD E. FIELDS, 1928-1930; 1947-1970; Librarian Emeritus. A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 1924 M.A., Princeton University, 1928 Ph.D., University of Chicago, 1935 A.B. in Library Science, University of Michigan, 1947. 100 FRANCES T. FIELDS, 1947-1970; Cataloging Librarian Emeritus. A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 1929; A.B. in Library Science, University of Michigan, 1947; M.A., Universi- dad de San Carlos de Guatemala, 1960. SAMUEL O. GRIMM, 1912-1970; Professor Emeritus of Physics. B.Pd., State Normal School, Millers- ville, 1910; A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 1912; A.M., 1918; Sc.D., 1942. ALVIN H. M. STONECIPHER, 1932-1958; Professor Emeritus of Latin Lan- guage and Literature; Dean Emer- itus. A.B., Vanderbilt University, 1913; A.M., 1914; Ph.D., 1917; Litt.D., Lebanon Valley College, 1962. GEORGE G. STRUBLE, 1931-1970; Professor Emeritus of English. B.S. in Ed., University of Kansas, 1922: M.S. in Ed., 1925; Ph.D., Uni- versity of Wisconsin, 1931. Professors: ROBERT S. DAVIDON, 1970—; Professor of Psychology; Chairman of the Department of Psychology. A.B., University of Illinois, 1940; M.A., University of Pennsylvania, 1946; Ph.D., 1951. CLOYD H. EBERSOLE, 1953—; Professor of Education; Chairman of the Department of Education. A.B., Juniata College, 1933; M.Ed., The Pennsylvania State University, 1941: D.Ed., 1954. *ANNA DUNKLE FABER. 1954—; Professor of English. A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 1948; M.A., University of Wisconsin, 1950; Ph.D., 1954. ARTHUR L. FORD, 1965—; Professor of English; Chairman of the Department of English. A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 1959; M.A., Bowling Green State Univer- sity, 1960; Ph.D., 1964. ELIZABETH M. GEFFEN, 1958—; Professor of History; Chairman of the Department of History and Po- litical Science. B.S. in Ed., University of Pennsyl- vania, 1934; M.A., 1936; Ph.D., 1958. PIERCE A. GETZ, 1959—: Professor of Organ. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1951; M.S.M., Union Theological Sem- inary School of Sacred Music, 1953; A.M.D., Eastman School of Music, 1967. KARL L. LOCK WOOD, 1959—; Professor of Chemistry. B.S., Muhlenberg College, 1951; Ph.D., Cornell University, 1955. JEAN O. LOVE, 1954—; Professor of Psychology. A.B., Erskine College, 1941; M.A., Winthrop College, 1949; Ph.D., Uni- versity of North Carolina, 1953. JOERG W. P. MAYER, 1970—; Professor of Mathematics; Chairman of the Department of Mathematics. Dipl. Math., University of Giessen, 1953; Ph.D., 1954. HOWARD A. NEIDIG, 1948—; Professor of Chemistry; Chairman of the Department of Chemistry. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1943; M.S., University of Delaware, 1946; Ph.D., 1948. • Sabbatical leave, 2nd semester, 1973-1974. SARA ELIZABETH PIEL, Jan., I960—; Professor of Languages; Chairman of the Department of Foreign Lan- guages. A.B., Chatham College, 1928; M.A., University of Pittsburgh, 1929; Ph.D., 1938. JACOB L. RHODES, 1957—; Professor of Physics; Chairman of the Department of Physics. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1943; Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania, 1958. C. F. JOSEPH TOM, 1954—; Professor of Economics and Business Administration; Chairman of the De- partment of Economics and Business Administration. B.A., Hastings College, 1944; M.A., University of Chicago, 1947; Ph.D., 1963. PERRY J. TROUTMAN, I960—; Professor of Religion. B.A., Houghton College, 1949; M.Div., United Theological Sem- inary, 1952; Ph.D., Boston Univer- sity, 1?54. L. ELBERT WETHINGTON, 1963—; Professor of Religion; Chairman of the Department of Religion. B.A., Wake Forest University, 1944; B.D., Divinity School of Duke Uni- versity, 1947; Ph.D., Duke Univer- sity, 1949. R. GORDON WISE, 1973—; Adjunct Professor of Art. B.S., University of Missouri, 1960; M.A., Roosevelt University, 1964; Ed.D., University of Missouri, 1970. Associate Professors: JAMES O. BEMESDERFER, 1959—; Adjunct Associate Professor of Re- ligion. 101 ELAINE S. BERSON, 1970—; Associate Professor of Sociology; Chairman of the Department of Sociology. A.B., University of Illinois, 1950; M.S.W., University of Oklahoma, 1953; Ph.D., Duke University, 1958. CHARLES T. COOPER, 1965—; Associate Professor of Spanish. B.S., U.S. Naval Academy, 1942; M.A., Middlebury College, 1965. GEORGE D. CURFMAN, 1961—; Associate Professor of Music Educa- tion. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1953; M.M., University of Michigan, 1957; D.Ed., The Pennsylvania State Uni- versity, 1971. HILDA M. DAMUS, 1963—; Associate Professor of German. M.A., University of Berlin and Jena, 1932; Ph.D., University of Berlin, 1945. WILLIAM H. FAIRLAMB, 1947—; Associate Professor of Piano and Music History. Mus.B., cum laude, Philadelphia Conservatory, 1949. ALEX J. FEHR, 1951—; Associate Professor of Political Sci- ence. A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 1950; M.A., Columbia University, 1957; Ph.D., Syracuse University, 1968. WILLIAM M. FLE1SCHMAN,1973— ; Associate Professor of Mathematics. B.A., Lehigh University, 1959; M.S., 1964; Ph.D., 1967. JUNE EBY HERR, 1959—; Associate Professor of Elementary Education. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1943; M.Ed., The Pennsylvania State Uni- versity, 1954. THOMAS A. LANESE, 1954—; Associate Professor of Strings, Con- ducting, and Theory. B.Mus., Baldwin-Wallace College, 1938; fellowship, Juilliard Graduate School; M.Mus., Manhattan School of Music, 1952. THOMAS K. LEE, 1971—; Associate Professor of Economics. B.A., Marquette University, 1960; M.A., 1962; Ph.D., State University of New York, at Binghamton, 1971. AGNES B. O'DONNELL, 1961—; Associate Professor of English. A.B., Immaculata College, 1948; M.Ed., Temple University, 1953; M.A., University of Pennsylvania, 1968. J. ROBERT O'DONNELL, 1959—; Associate Professor of Physics. B.S., The Pennsylvania State Uni- versity, 1950; M.S., University of Del- aware, 1953. ROBERT W. SMITH, 1951—; Associate Professor of Music Educa- tion; Chairman of the Department of Music. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1939; M.A., Columbia University, 1950. FRANK E. STACHOW, 1946—; Associate Professor of Theory and Woodwinds. Diploma, clarinet, Juilliard School of Music; B.S., Columbia University, 1943; M.A., 1946. JAMES M. THURMOND, 1954—; Associate Professor of Music Educa- tion and Brass. Diploma, Curtis Institute of Music, 1931 1951 1952 A.B., American University, M.A., Catholic University, Mus.D., Washington College of Music, 1944. Assistant Professors: MADELYN J. ALBRECHT, 1973—; Assistant Professor of Education. B.A., Northern Baptist College, 1952; M.A., Michigan State University, 1958; Ph.D., 1972. 102 JEANNE E. ARGOT, 1969—; Assistant Professor of Biology. B.S., Moravian College, 1965; M.S., Lehigh University, 1967; Ph.D., 1969. DAVID N. BAILEY, 1971—; Assistant Professor of Chemistry. B.S., Juniata College, 1963; Ph.D., Massachusetts Institute of Technol- ogy, 1968. PHILIP A. BILLINGS, 1970—; Assistant Professor of English. B.A., Heidelberg College, 1965; M.A., Michigan State University, 1967. WILLIAM J. BLAZEWICZ, 1973—; Assistant Professor of Education. B.A., St. Francis College, 1954; M.S., University of Wisconsin, 1970. FAY B. BURRAS, 1964—; Assistant Professor of Mathematics. A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 1960; M.A., Smith College, 1961. RONALD G. BURRICHTER, 1968-1971; 1973—; Assistant Professor of Music. B.M.E., Wartburg College, 1964; M.M., Peabody Conservatory of Mu- sic, 1968. DONALD E. BYRNE, JR., 1971—; Assistant Professor of Religion. B.A., St. Paul Seminary, 1963; M.A., Marquette University, 1966; Ph.D., Duke University, 1972. VOORHIS C. CANTRELL, 1968—; Assistant Professor of Religion and Greek. B.A., Oklahoma City University, 1952; B.D., Southern Methodist Uni- versity, 1956; Ph.D., Boston Univer- sity, 1967. ROGER D. CARLSON, 1972—; Assistant Professor of Psychology. A.B., Sacramento State College, 1968; M.A., 1969; Ph.D., University of Oregon, 1972. VIRGINIA E. ENGLEBRIGHT, 1971—; Assistant Professor of Voice. B.M.E., Florida State University, 1969; M.M., 1970. DAVID M. GRING, 1971—; Assistant Professor of Biology. B.A., Franklin and Marshall College, 1967; M.A., Indiana University, 1970; Ph.D., 1971. BRYAN V. HEARSEY, 1971—; Assistant Professor of Mathematics. B.A., Western Washington State Col- lege, 1964; M.A., Washington State University, 1966; Ph.D., 1968. JOHN R. HORGAN, JR., 1970—; Assistant Professor of Physics. B.S., College of the Holy Cross, 1965; M.S., University of Massachusetts, 1967; Ph.D., 1970. RICHARD A. ISKOWITZ, 1969—; Assistant Professor of Art. B.F.A., Kent State University, 1965; M.F.A., 1967. RICHARD A. JOYCE, 1966—; Assistant Professor of History. A.B., Yale University, 1952; M.A., San Francisco State College, 1963. JOHN P. KEARNEY, 1971—; Assistant Professor of English. B.A., St. Benedict's College, 1962; M.A., University of Michigan, 1963; Ph.D., University of Wisconsin, 1968. WILLIAM KERR, 1969—; Assistant Professor of Education. B.A., Swarthmore College, 1950; M.A., Temple University, 1957; M.A., Montclair State College, 1962. NEVELYN J. KNISLEY, 1954-1958; 1963; 1970—; Adjunct Assistant Professor of Piano. Mus.B., Oberlin Conservatory of Music, 1951; M.F.A., Ohio Univer- sity, 1953. ROBERT C. LAU, 1968—; Assistant Prof essor of Musical Theory. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1965; M.A., Eastman School of Music, 1970. 103 LEON E. MARKOWICZ, 1971—; Assistant Professor of English. A.B., Duquesne University, 1964; M.A., University of Pennsylvania, 1968; Ph.D., 1972. JOHN W. MARTIN, 1971—; Assistant Professor of French. B.A., Yale University, 1958; M.A., San Diego State College, 1967; Ph.D., University of Rochester, 1972. JAMES H. MATHER, 1968—; Assistant Professor of Psychology. A.B., Westminster College, 1962; M.A., Bryn Mawr College, 1965; Ph.D., 1969. OWEN A. MOE, JR., 1973—; Assistant Professor of Chemistry. B.A., St. Olaf's College, 1966; Ph.D., Purdue University, 1971. JOHN D. NORTON, 1971—; Assistant Professor of Political Science. B.A., University of Illinois, 1965; M.A., Florida State University, 1967; Ph.D., American University, 1973. GERALD J. PETROFES, 1963—; Assistant Professor of Physical Ed- ucation; Chairman of the Depart- ment of Physical Education. B.S., Kent State University, 1958; M.Ed., 1962. O. KENT REED, 1971—; Assistant Professor of Physical Ed- ucation: B.S. in Ed., Otterbein College, 1956; M.A. in Ed., Eastern Kentucky Uni- versity, 1970. THOMAS V. RUSH, 1973—; Assistant Professor of Sociology. B.A., Albright College, 1967; "m.A., Temple University, 1969. LOUIS A. SORRENTINO, 1971—; Assistant Professor of Physical Ed- ucation. B.A., Lebanon Valley College, 1954; M.A., Bucknell University, 1961. JAMES N. SPENCER, 1967—; Assistant Professor of Chemistry. B.S., Marshall University, 1963; Ph.D., Iowa State University, 1967. 104 DENNIS W. SWEIGART, 1972—; Assistant Professor of Piano. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1963; M.M., University of Michigan, 1965. *WARREN K. A. THOMPSON, 1967—; Assistant Professor of Philosophy; Chairman of the Department of Philosophy. A.B., Trinity University, 1957; M.A., University of Texas, 1963. ANN L. HENNINGER TRAX, 1973—; Assistant Professor of Biology. B.A., Wilson College, 1968; Ph.D., University of Michigan, 1973. WILLIAM H. G. WARNER, 1972—; Assistant Professor of Economics and Business Administration. B.A., Haverford College, 1939; J.D., University of Pennsylvania, 1946. STEPHEN E. WILLIAMS, 1973;— Assistant Professor of Biology. B.A., Central College, 1964; M.S., University of Tennessee, 1966; Ph.D., Washington University, 1971. PAUL L. WOLF, 1966—; Assistant Professor of Biologyj Chair- man of the Department of Biology. B.S., Elizabethtown College, 1960; M.S., University of Delaware, 1963; Ph.D., 1968. ALLAN F. WOLFE, 1968—; Assistant Professor of Biology. B.A., Gettysburg College, 1963; M.A., Drake University, 1965; Ph.D., Uni- versity of Vermont, 1968. ROBERT L. WOOD, JR., 1972—; Assistant Professor of Economics and Business Administration. B.S., Sophia University, 1955; B.S., Georgetown University, 1961; M.A., George Washington University, 1958. GLENN H. WOODS, 1965—; Assistant Professor of English. A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 1951; M.Ed., Temple University, 1962. * Sabbatical leave, 1973-1974. Instructors: ROBERT A. AULENBACH, 1968—; Adjunct Instructor in Woodwinds. B.M., Boston Conservatory of Music, 1949. RICHARD C. BELL, 1966—; Instructor in Chemistry. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1941; M.Ed., Temple University, 1955. ROBERT B. CAMPBELL, 1968—; Adjunct Instructor in Woodwinds. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1954; M.M., University of Michigan, 1960. JAMES W. CHECKET, 1973—; Adjunct Instructor in Brass. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1959. BRUCE S. CORRELL, 1972—; Instructor in Physical Education. B.S., Bowling Green State Univer- sity, 1971; M.Ed., 1972. JAMES L. DUNN, 1972—; Adjunct Instructor in Woodwinds. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1964; M.M., University of Michigan, 1968. RICHARD D. FINK, 1973—; Adjunct Instructor in Actuarial Science. B.S., Ursinus College, 1948; F.S.A., Society of Actuaries, 1954. JOSEPH A. GOEBEL, JR., 1972—; Adjunct Instructor in Percussion. f B.S. in Ed., Millersville State Col- lege, 1961. WILLIAM A. GROVE, 1971—; Adjunct Instructor in Brass. n B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1965. GEILAN A. HANSEN, 1963—; Adjunct Instructor in Russian. JOHN H. HEFFNER, 1972—; Instructor in Philosophy. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1968; A.M., Boston University, 1971. PHILIP G. MORGAN, 1969—; Instructor in Voice. B.M.E., Kansas State College, 1962; M.S., 1965. LOUISE D. PINKO W, 1972—; Adjunct Instructor in Flute. B.M., University of Tulsa, 1964; M.M., Eastman School of Music, 1966. MALIN Ph. SAYLOR, 1961—; Adjunct Instructor in French. Fil. Kand., Universities of Upsala and Stockholm, 1938. VIRGINIA T. WATKINS, 1972—; Instructor in Piano. B.M., Muskingum College, 1970; M.M., Manhattan School of Music, 1972. ROSEMARY YUHAS, 1973—; Instructor in Physical Education. B.S., Lock Haven State College, 1966; M.Ed., West Chester State College, 1970. Teaching Assistants: MONIQUE G. KARILA, 1973—; Teaching Assistant in French. License, University of Paris, 1972. SANDRA C. MADONE, 1st Sem. 1973. Teaching Assistant in German. Maturity Certificate. PEDRO J. RAMIREZ, 1973—; Teaching Assistant in Spanish. License, Universidad de Navarra, 1973. 105 OFFICES OF ADMINISTRATION Office of the President: FREDERICK P. SAMPLE, 1968—; President. B.A., Lebanon Valley College, 1952; M.Ed., Western Maryland College, 1956; D.Ed., The Pennsylvania State University, 1968; Pd.D., Albright College, 1968. DOROTHY M. SPOHN, Secretary. LILLIAN M. SUMMER, Secretary. Academic: Office of the Dean of the College CARL Y. EHRHART, 1947—; Dean of the College, 1960 — ; Vice President, 1967 — . A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 1940; M.Div., United Theological Sem- inary, 1943; Ph.D., Yale University, 1954. RALPH S. SHAY, 1948-1951; Feb. 1953—; Assistant Dean of the College, 1967 — . A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 1942; A.M., University of Pennsylvania, 1947; Ph.D., 1962. JEANETTE E. BENDER, Secretary. Office of Admissions GREGORY G. STANSON, 1966—; Director of Admissions, 1972 — . B.A., Lebanon Valley College, 1963; M.Ed., University of Toledo, 1966. EUGENE K. SHAFFER, 1972—; Counselor in Admissions. B.A., Lebanon Valley College, 1970. MARIAN C. ROGERS, Secretary. LORETTA A. WATSON, Secretary. Office of the Registrar RALPH S. SHAY, 1948-1951; Feb. 1953—; Assistant Dean of the College and Registrar, 1967 — . 106 STARLA J. KRESSLER, Secretary. MARION G. LOY, Secretary. ELIZABETH A. UHRICH, Secretary. Library WILLIAM E. HOUGH, III, 1970—; Head Librarian; Associate Professor. A.B., The King's College, 1955; Th.M., Dallas Theological Seminary, 1959; M.S.L.S., Columbia University, 1965. ELOISE P. BROWN, 1961—; Reference Librarian. B.S.L.S., Simmons College, 1946. ALICE S. DIEHL, 1966—; Cataloging Librarian. A.B., Smith College, 1956; B.S., Car- negie Institute of Technology, 1957; M.L.S., University of Pittsburgh, 1966. MYUNG JA KANG, 1970—; Assistant Cataloging Librarian. B.A., Sook Myung Women's Univer- sity, 1962; M.S.L.S., Villanova Uni- versity, 1969. GERALDINE E. LENTZ, Secretary. ANN M. SCHNECK, Secretary. Departmental Secretaries HELEN L. GEIB, Chapel. ELIZABETH C. MICHIELSEN, 112 College Avenue. EVELYN D. NAGLE, Administration Building. KATHRYN A. NELSON, Music Build- ing. BERNICE K. TEAHL, Science Hall. MAE B. WALLACE, Teacher Place- ment. DOROTHY I. ZIMMERMAN, Lynch Memorial Building. Student AflFairs: Student Personnel Office GEORGE R. MARQUETTE, 1952—; Dean oj Students, 1972 — . A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 1948; M.A., Columbia University, 1951; Ed.D., Temple University, 1967. MARY ANN FRITZ, 1972—; Associate Dean of Students. B.S., Bucknell University, 1952; M.S., University of Pennsylvania, 1957; Ph.D., Bryn Mawr College, 1966. MARCIA J. GEHRIS, 1972—; Assistant to the Dean of Students. B.A., Lebanon Valley College, 1969. ESTHER A. KLINE, Secretary. JUNE S. ZEITERS, Secretary. AMY HEPBURN, Head Resident, Ma- bel I. Silver Hall. DIANE G. HEPFORD, Head Resident, Vickroy Hall. KATHRYN E. ROHLAND, Head Res- ident, Mary Capp Green Hall. College Center WALTER L. SMITH, JR., 1961-1969; 1971—; College Center Directory Coordina- tor of Conferences. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1961; M.S. in Ed., Temple University, 1967. ROBERT E. HARNISH, 1967—; Manager of the College Store. B.A., Randolph Macon College, 1966. DORIS C. FAKE, Secretary, College Store. MARY E. RHINE, Secretary, College Store. Health Services ROBERT F. EARLY, 1971—; College Physician. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1949; M.D., Jefferson Medical College, 1952. RUSSELL L. GINGRICH, 1971—; College Physician. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1947; M.D., Jefferson Medical College, 1951. ROBERT M. KLINE, 1970—; College Physician. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1950; M.D., Jefferson Medical College, 1955; B.A., Lebanon Valley College, 1971. MARGIE M. YEISER, R.N., 1967—; Head Nurse. Harrisburg Polyclinic Hospital School of Nursing. BARBARA J. BRANDT, R.N., Res- ident Nurse. SUSAN M. PINEAU, R.N., Resident Nurse. Office of the Chaplain JAMES O. BEMESDERFER, 1959—; College Chaplain. A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 1936; M.Div., United Theological Sem- inary, 1939; S.T.M., Lutheran Theo- logical Seminary, Phila., 1945; S.T.D., Temple University, 1951. HELEN M. GEIB, Secretary. Office of Athletics GERALD J. PETROFES, 1963—; Director of Athletics. DOROTHY I. ZIMMERMAN, Secre- tary. Coaching Staff JEFFREY L. BENSING, 1973—; Soccer Coach. B.S., Elizabeth town College, 1964; Ph.D., Brown University, 1971. GARY T. COLLINS, 1972—; Assistant Football Coach. BRUCE S. CORRELL, 1972—; Lacrosse Coach; Assistant Basketball Coach. 107 JAMES F. DAVIS, 1972—; Cross Country Coach. B.A., Lebanon Valley College, 1969. CHARLES E. EYLER, 1971—; Assistant Football Coach. B.S. in Ed., West Chester State Col- lege, 1953; M.S. in Ed., Temple Uni- versity, 1963; M.S., University of New Hampshire, 1968. ROBERT R. LAMBERT, JR., 1972—; Athletic Trainer; Equipment Man- ager. GERALD J. PETROFES, 1963—; Wrestling Coach; Golf Coach. O. KENT REED, 1971—; Assistant Football Coach; Track Coach,; Director of Intramurals for Men. LOUIS A. SORRENTINO, 1971—; Football Coach; Basketball Coach; Baseball Coach. JACQUELINE S. WALTERS, 1965—; Women's Hockey Coach. ROSEMARY YUHAS, 1973—; Women's Basketball Coach, Director of Intramurals for Women. College Relations Area: Development Office ROBERT M. WONDERLING, 1967—; Director of Development. B.S., Clarion State College, 1953; M.Ed., University of Pittsburgh, 1958. JOHN R. McFADDEN, 1969—; Assistant Director of Development. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1968. KATHLEEN M. KOONS, Secretary. DORIS J. MAY, Secretary. CAROL A. WAIDLICH, Secretary. Public Relations Office ANN K. MONTEITH, 1966—; Director of Public Relations. A.B., Bucknell University, 1965. LINDA M. GUNDERSON, 1973—; Associate in Public Relations, 1973 — . B.A., Lebanon Valley College, 1970. HAROLD D. ULMER, 1973—; Associate in Public Relations. B.A., Lebanon Valley College, 1973. Alumni Office DAVID M. LONG, 1966—; Director of Alumni Relations and Industrial Placement. A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 1959; M.Ed., Temple University, 1961. HELEN L. MILLER, Secretary. Business Management: Office of the Controller ROBERT C. RILEY, 1951—; Controller, 1962 — ; Vice President, 1967—. B.S. in Ed., Shippensburg State Col- lege, 1941; M.S., Columbia Univer- sity, 1947; Ph.D., New York Univer- sity, 1962. IRWIN R. SCHAAK, 1957—; Assistant Controller, 1964 — ; Finan- cial Aid Officer, 1967 — . ROBERT C. HARTMAN, 1969—; Accountant. B.S., Elizabeth town College, 1962. LILLIAN A. BOWMAN, Secretary, Business Office. RONALD G. EVANS, Administrative Services. KAREN S. HARBAUGH, Secretary, Business Office. JEFFREY L. HERR, Administrative Services. SANDRA K. KELLIHER, Switchboard Operator. CHERYL L. LAUDERMILCH, Secre- tary, Assistant Controller. MARY R. MILLS, Administrative Ser- vices. THOMAS A. PEIFFER, Administra- tive Services. 108 JANE A. WHIPPLE, Secretary, Con- troller. FLORENCE B. WILLIAMS, Secretary, Business Office. Buildings and Grounds SAMUEL J. ZEARFOSS, 1952—; DELLA M. NEIDIG, 1962—; Staff Assistant for Housekeeping, 1972—. Food Service GEORGE F. LANDIS, JR., 196&— ; Manager of Food Service, 1970 — . Superintendent of Buildings and MILDRED J. REESE, 1969—; Grounds, 1969 — . Manager of the Snack Shop, 1973 — . 109 COMMITTEES OF THE FACULTY— 1972-1973 Dr. Cantrell Mr. Cooper Central Committee Mr. Joyce, Chairman Dr. Lockwood, Secretary Dr. Rhodes Curriculum Committee Dean Ehrhart, Chairman Dr. Neidig Dr. Berson Dr. Davidon Dr. Ebersole Dr. Ford Dr. Geffen Mr. Hough Mr. Iskowitz Dr. Mayer Mr. Petrofes Dr. Piel Dr. Rhodes Mr. Smith Mr. Thompson Dr. Tom Dr. Wethington Dr. Wolf Dr. Shay, advisory member Mildred M. Achor, student Susanne E. Beers, student Susan K. Dunnick, student Charles R. Knipe Jr., student Chester Q. Mosteller, student Nancy A. Nelson, student Academic Life Committee Dr. Argot Dr. Curfmaai Dr. Damus Dr. Geffen, Chairman Dr. Hearsey Dr. Henninger Dr. Kearney, Secretary Mr. Kerr Dr. Markowicz Dr. Mather Dr. Mayer Dr. Neidig Mr. O'Donnell Dr. Wethington Dr. Williams Dr. Wolfe Miss Burras Dr. Davidon, Chairman Dr. Ebersole Mr. Fairlamb Faculty Life Committee Dr. Gring, Secretary Mr. Lau Mr. Morgan Dr. Norton Mr. Rush Dr. Tom Dr. Troutman Dr. Wolf Dr. Albrecht Dr. Faber, Secretary Dr. Fehr Dr. Fleischman Dr. Getz General Campus Life Committee Mr. Iskowitz Mr. Smith Dr. Love Mr. Sweigart Dr. Moe Miss Watkins Mrs. O'Donnell, Chairman Mr. Wood Mr. Petrofes Dr. Bailey Mr. Bell Mr. Blazewicz Mr. Correll Mrs. Englebright 110 Student Life Committee Dr. Horgan, Chairman Mr. Lanese Dr. Martin Mr. Reed Mr. Sorrentino Dr. Spencer Dr. Warner Miss Yuhas THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES 1973-1974 OFFICERS: President Lawton W. Shroyer First Vice President Malcolm Meyer Second Vice President Elizabeth K. Weisburger Secretary E. D. Williams, Jr. Treasurer E. Peter Strickler Assistant Treasurer Gerald D. Kauffman President Emeritus .E. N. Funkhouser President Emeritus Allan W. Mund MEMBERS: *George W. Bashore (1976) A.B., M.Div. Superintendent, Lebanon-Reading District Eastern Pennsylvania Conference United Methodist Church Reading, Pennsylvania **Kenneth R. Bickel (1974) Student, Lebanon Valley College Annville, Pennsylvania t Alfred L. Blessing (1975) A.B. District Manager, McGraw-Hill Inc. Nev^f York City, New York *Samuel C. Boyer (1974) Owner and Operator Boyer's Jewelry Store Carlisle, Pennsylvania *W. Edgar Gathers, Jr. (1974) B.A., B.D. Pastor, Covenant United Methodist Church Springfield, Pennsylvania *Ruth Sheaffer Daugherty (1974) B.A. Housewife Lancaster, Pennsylvania **Curvin N. Delhnger (1976) B.S. President, J. C. Hauer's Sons Inc. Lebanon, Pennsylvania * Elected by Church Conference ** Trustee-at-Large ■f Alumni Trustee-at-Large J Faculty Trustee-at-Large *Woodrow S. Dellinger (1975) B.S., M.D. General Practitioner Red Lion, Pennsylvania *Eugene C. Fish (1975) B.S., J.D. President, Peerless Industries, Inc. Boyertown, Pennsylvania Chairman of the Board — Eastern Foundry Co., Boyertown, Penna. Attorney — Romeika, Hedner, Fish and Scheckter Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Sr. Partner, Tax Associates Philadelphia, Pennsylvania tElizabedi M. Geffen (1974) B.S., M.A., Ph.D. Chairman, Department of History and Political Science, Professor of History Lebanon Valley College Annville, Pennsylvania tPierce A. Getz (1974) B.S., M.S.M., A.M.D. Professor of Organ Lebanon Valley College Annville, Pennsylvania *Kathryn Mowrey Grove (1974) A.B. Housewife Philadelphia, Pennsylvania *Thomas W. Guinivan (1976) A.B., B.D., D.D. Superintendent, York District Central Pennsylvania Conference United Methodist Church York, Pennsylvania 111 ** Judith L. Haines (1974) Student, Lebanon Valley College Annville, Pennsylvania **John Richards Harper (1975) Vice President, Pardee Company Philadelphia, Pennsylvania *Phinp C. Herr, II (1976) A.B., LL.B. Herr, Potts and Hen- Philadelphia, Pennsylvania *Paul E. Horn (1976) A.B., B.D., D.D. Pastor, Stevens Memorial United Methodist Church Harrisburg, Pennsylvania * Mark J. Hostetter (1976) A.B., B.D., S.T.M., D.D. Superintendent, Lancaster District Eastern Pennsylvania Conference United Methodist Church Lancaster, Pennsylvania ♦Gerald D. KauflFman (1976) A.B., B.D., D.D. Pastor, Grace United Methodist Church Carlisle, Pennsylvania ** James H. Leathern (1974) B.S., M.A., Ph.D., Sc.D. Professor of Zoology & Director of the Bureau of Biological Research Rutgers, The State University New Brunswick, New Jersey tWalter Levinsky (1974) Musical Director, Radio and Television Shows New York City, New York ♦Thomas S. May (1975) B.S., B.D., D.D. Pastor, St. Paul's United Methodist Church Elizabethtown, Pennsylvania * Elected by Church Conference ** Trustee-at-Large f Alumni Trustee-at-Large :j: Faculty Trustee-at-Large ** Malcolm Meyer (1975) B.S., D.C.Sc. Chairman, Board of Directors, Certain-Teed Products Corp. Valley Forge, Pennsylvania **Allan W. Mund (1975) L.L.D., D.B.A. Retired Chairman, Board of Directors Ellicott Machine Corporation, Baltimore, Maryland tHoward A. Neidig (1976) B.S., M.S., Ph.D. Chairman, Department of Chemistry, Professor of Chemistry Lebanon Valley College Annville, Pennsylvania * Henry H. Nichols (1975) B.S., B.A., B.D., S.T.B., D.D. Pastor, Janes Memorial United Methodist Church Philadelphia, Pennsylvania ♦Harold S. Peiffer (1974) A.B., B.D., S.T.M., D.D. Superintendent, Northeast District Eastern Pennsylvania Conference United Methodist Church Philadelphia, Pennsylvania ♦Kenneth Plummer (1975) Vice President, E. D. Plummer Sons, Inc. Chambersburg, Pennsylvania ♦Ezra H. Rank (1976) A.B., B.D., D.D. Pastor, Milton Grove and St. Mark's United Methodist Church Mt. Joy, Pennsylvania ♦♦Robert H. Reese (1975) Retired President, H. B. Reese Candy Company, Inc. Hershey, Pennsylvania tjacob L. Rhodes (1976) B.S., Ph.D. Chairman, Department of Physics, Professor of Physics Lebanon Valley College Annville, Pennsylvania 112 ** Herbert C. Richman, Jr. (1975) B.S. Executive Vice-President, Marts and Lundy, Inc. New York City, New York *Melvin S. Rife (1974) Treasurer, Schmidt and Ault Paper Co., Div. St. Regis Paper Company York, Pennsylvania *Ralph M. Ritter (1976) President, Ritter Brothers, Inc. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania IF. Allen Rutherford, Jr. (1975) B.S., C.P.A. Principal, Arthur Young and Company Richmond, Virginia Frederick P. Sample B.A., M.Ed., D.Ed., Pd.D. President of the College Annville, Pennsylvania ♦Daniel L. Shearer (1974) A.B., B.D., S.T.M., D.D. Program Director, Central Pennsylvania Conference United Methodist Church Harrisburg, Pennsylvania **Alan H. Shortell (1974) Student, Lebanon Valley College Annville, Pennsylvania *Lawton W. Shroyer (1975) President, Shamokin Dress Company and Shroyer's, Inc. Shamokin, Pennsylvania (1974) ** Horace E. Smith A.B., LL.B. At torney-at-Law York, Pennsylvania ♦Arthur W. Stambach (1975) B.A., B.D., D.D. * Elected by Church Conference ** Trustee-at-Large f Alumni Trustee-at-Large J Faculty Trustee-at-Large Associate Program Director Central Pennsylvania Conference United Methodist Church Camp Hill, Pennsylvania *Paul E. Stambach (1974) A.B., B.D., S.T.M., Ph.D. Pastor, Otterbein United Methodist Church Mount Wolf, Pennsylvania tE. Peter Strickler (1974) B.S. President, Strickler Insurance Agency, Inc. Lebanon, Pennsylvania tPerry J. Troutman (1975) A.B., M.Div., Ph.D. Professor of Religion Lebanon Valley College Annville, Pennsylvania **Woodrow W. Waltemyer (1975) Business Executive York, Pennsylvania fElizabeth K. Weisburger (1976) B.S., Ph.D. Scientist Director, Biology Branch National Cancer Institute Bethesda, Maryland ** Harlan R. Wengert (1975) B.S., M.B.A. President, Wengert's Dairy, Inc. Lebanon, Pennsylvania **E. D. Williams, Jr. (1975) Secretary, Lebanon Valley College Annville, Pennsylvania **John L. Worrilow (1975) B.A. Secretary, Lebanon Steel Foundry Lebanon, Pennsylvania ♦Richard A. Zimmerman (1975) B.A. Group Vice President, Hershey Foods Corp. Hershey, Pennsylvania **Richard P. Zimmerman (1975) Chairman of the Board National Valley Bank and Trust Co. Chambersburg, Pennsylvania 113 HONORARY TRUSTEES Bertha Brossman Blair President & Chairman of the Board Denver and Ephrata Telephone Co. Ephrata, Pennsylvania Parke H. Lutz Retired Vice President, Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Inc. Denver, Pennsylvania TRUSTEES EMERITUS Dr. William D. Bryson LL.D. Retired Executive, Walter W. Moyer Company Ephrata, Pennsylvania E. N. Funkhouser A.B., LL.D. Retired President, Funkhouser Corp. Hagerstown, Maryland J. Gordon Howard A.B., B.D., M.A., D.D., LL.D., Litt.D. Retired Bishop, Eastern Pennsylvania Conference United Methodist Church Winchester, Virginia Hermann W. Kaebnick A.B., B.D., S.T.M., D.D., L.H.D. Retired Bishop, Central Pennsylvania Conference United Methodist Church Hershey, Pennsylvania Robert Lutz A.B. Retired Executive, Blumenthal-Kahn Electric Company Owings Mills, Maryland Samuel K. Wengert B.S., LL.D. Chairman of the Board, Wengert's Dairy Inc. Lebanon, Pennsylvania COMMITTEES OF THE BOARD Executive Committee: Frederick P. Sample, Chairman; Alfred L. Blessing; Ruth S. Daugherty; Paul E. Horn; Mark J. Hostetter; Thomas S. May; Allan W. Mund; Henry H. Nichols; Lawton W. Shroyer; Paul E. Stambach; E. Peter Strickler; Perry J. Troutman; Richard A. Zimmerman. Finance Committee: F. Allen Rutherford, Chairman (1974); Lawton W. Shroyer, Vice Chairman; E. D. Williams, Jr., Secretary (1974); E. Peter Strieker, Treasurer; Gerald D. KaufFman, Assistant Treasurer; Wood- row S. Dellinger (1976); Eugene C. Fish (1976); Parke H. Lutz, Honorary; Allan W. Mund (1974); Howard A. Neidig (1975); Robert H. Reese (1975); Herbert C. Richman (1976); Ralph M. Ritter (1976); Frederick P. Sample; Horace E. Smith (1974); Harlan R. Wengert (1975). Faculty Administrative Committee: W. Edgar Gathers, Chairman; Pierce A. Getz; Kathryn M. Grove; James H. Leathem; Ezra H. Ranck; Frederick P. Sample; Daniel L. Shearer; Arthur W. Stambach; Elizabeth K. Weisburger Auditing Committee: Melvin S. Rife, Chairman; Samuel C. Boyer; Thomas W. Guinivan Buildings and Grounds Committee: E. D. Williams, Jr., Chairman; Eliza- beth M. Geffen; Walter Levinsky; Har- old S. Peiffer; Kenneth Plummer; Fred- erick P. Sample; E. Peter Strickler Nominating Committee: Lawton W. Shroyer, Chairman; Ruth S. Daugherty; Thomas W. Guinivan; Curvin N. Dellinger; Jacob L. Rhodes; F. Allen Rutherford 114 Committee on Church Support: Arthur W.Stambach, Chairman; George W. Bashore; Samuel C. Boyer; W. Ed- gar Gathers; Kathryn Mowery Grove; Thomas W. Guinivan; John R. Harper; Philip C. Herr, II; Paul E. Horn; Henry H. Nichols; Kenneth Plummer; Daniel L. Shearer; Lawton W. Shroyer Committee for Chapel Policy and Program: Gerald D. Kauffman, Chairman; James O. Bemesderfer (Adm.); Kenneth R. Bickel (student); Carl Y. Ehrhart (Adm.); Jean O. Love (Faculty); George R. Marquette (Adm.); Howard E. Moore (student); Nancy A. Nelson (student); Gerald J. Petrofes (Faculty); Daniel L. Shearer; Robert W. Smith (Faculty); Paul E. Stambaugh GENERAL ALUMNI ORGANIZATION Board of Governors of the Lebanon Valley College Alumni Association — OFFICERS President Thomas C. Reinhart, '58 41 E. Court Boulevard West Lawn, Reading, Penna. 19609 Vice President Martin L. Gluntz, '53 114 Sand Rd., Glen Acres Hershey, Penna. 17033 Executive Secretary David M. Long, '59 Box 97, Mt. Gretna, Penna. 17064 ELECTED MEMBERS TO THE BOARD OF GOVERNORS David J. Farling, '56 420 Strafford Ave., Wayne, Penna. 19087 Melvin E. Hostetter, '53 42 Center Dr., Camp Hill, Penna. 17011 Frank A. Ritrievi, '54 29 Tulip Rd. Levittown, Penna. 19056 Evelyn Toser, '52 1700 N. 3rd St., Harrisburg, Penna. 17102 ALUMNI TRUSTEES Alfred L. Blessing, '45 155 Maple St. Haworth, N.J. 07641 Walter Levinsky, '51 379 Bogert Rd., River Edge, N.J. 07661 F. Allen Rutherford, Jr., '37 8958 Tarrytown Rd., Richmond, Va. 23229 E. Peter Strickler, '47 201 Hathaway Pk., Lebanon, Penna. 17042 Dr. Elizabeth K. Weisburger, '44 5309 McKinley St., Bethesda, Md. 20014 PAST PRESIDENT Harry L. Bricker,-Jr. Esq., '50 407 N. Front St., Harrisburg, Penna. 17110 REGIONAL ALUMNI CLUBS ANTHRACITE AREA President Dale C. Schimpf, '69 606 Center St., Ashland, Penna. 17921 BALTIMORE AREA Presidency temporarily vacant BERKS COUNTY President Robert A. Gustin, '53 1551 Dauphin Ave., Wyomissing, Penna. 19610 BUXMONT AREA Chairman Gail E. Ritrievi, '54 29 Tulip Rd. Levittown, Penna. 19056 115 DERRY AREA President Kenneth A. Longenecker, '60 125 N. Grant St., Palmyra, Penna. 17078 HARRISBURG AREA Presideyit Robert R. Shope, '63 1701 Walnut St., Camp Hill, Penna. 17011 LANCASTER COUNTY President William J. Keeler, '49 109 S. Hess St. Quarryville, Penna. 17566 LEBANON AREA President William E. Checket, '65 156 W. Chestnut St. Jonestown, Penna. 17038 LEHIGH VALLEY AREA Chairman Clarence C. Aungst, '38 3004 Gordon St., AUentown, Penna. 18104 NATIONAL CAPITAL AREA President R. Francis Eigenbrode, '50 5211 Boydell Ave., Oxon Hill, Md. 20021 NORTH JERSEY AREA President Stanley J. Kaczorowski, '61 2059 Algonquin Dr., Scotch Plains, N.J. 07076 WESTERN PHILADELPHIA Chairman John W. Metka, '60 868 Beechwood Rd., Havertown, Penna. 19083 YANKEE CLUB President Richard W. Moller, '49 19 Kimball Ave., Wenham, Mass. 01984 YORK COUNTY President David R. Miller, '61 191 Irving St. York, Penna. 17403 116 DEGREES CONFERRED DEGREES CONFERRED JANUARY 7, 1973 BACHELOR OF ARTS Robert Pass Bollinger, Political Science Thomas Finney Koons, Psychology Joyce Marie Peiffer, Psychology John Jacob Rados, Jr., Psychology Daniel Lance Robey, History Charles Arthur Rothermel, Religion BACHELOR OF SCIENCE Patricia Lynn Brunner, Music Education Patrick Benjamin Campbell, Biology Carlo Joseph De Augustine, Biology Robert Henry DeBaun, Jr., Economics and Business Administration Deborah Anne Ellicot, Biology Judith Forker Hammacher, Music Education Rebecca Harrell Hill, Music Education Phyllis Knudson Kegerreis, Elementary Education Ruth Ethel Nickerson, Elementary Education Sara Keeney Ruby, Elementary Education Diane Louise Walmer, Elementary Education Janet Reigel Yiengst, Elementary Education BACHELOR OF SCIENCE IN NURSING Lynda Marie Bachman Gertrude Ellenberger Dupler Rita Mae Gassert Judith Miller Klinefelter DEGREES CONFERRED MAY 20, 1973 BACHELOR OF ARTS Luis Oscar Armour, Foreign Languages Gordon Harold Arthur, Psychology Kathie Louise Aston, Mathematics Kathleen Ann Bangert, Political Science Barbara Lee Baughman, Music Judith Marie Bostock, Psychology Dianne Snow Bowman, History Elizabeth Jane Bowman, Psychology Philip Vincent Bruenn, Sociology Richard Smith Brunner, Psychology Michael Andrew Burkett, Psychology Anthony Calabrese, Psychology Anne Marie Cardimona, Mathematics Marie Bradlyn Currin, Psychology Gail Diana, Psychology Janice Ann Englehart, English Walter Stanley Frankowski, Jr., History Janice Anne GaNun, English Kenneth Roy Gilberg, Political Science Donna Lynn Gish, Psychology Connilu N. Givler, English Roberta Lynne Greening, English Rodney Fredrick Heisey, Political Science Terry Marlin Heisey, History Margaret Elizabeth Hinkel, Foreign Languages Nancy Ruth Hostetter, Foreign Languages Lester Charles Houtz, Political Science John Arnold Hubley IH, Psychology Nancy Jean Hunt, English Edward Charles lannarella, English James Patrick latesta. Psychology Beverly Ann James, Psychology Donald Carlos Johnson, Psychology Paul Fred Kaiser, English Marcia Elizabeth Keefer, Sociology Scott Warren Kopp, English Michael Allen Krause, Political Science Harold Edward Ladd IL English Kristofer Lars Linde, Psychology Lynn Marie Manhire, Mathematics John Francis Mardula, Psychology Ralph William McCabe, Jr., Psychology Laurence William Melsky, Mathematics Jean Ann Miller, Mathematics David George Morrissey, Political Science Kathy Sue Neidig, Psychology Evelyn Grace Nottingham, English Vernon Elwood Oberdorff, Jr., Psychology Kim Alane Pottieger, Sociology Susan Marie Puglisi, Sociology Robert William Ratti, Psychology Rebecca Anne Reber, English James Patton Rebhorn, Mathematics 117 Barry John Rittman, Psychology Juan Guillermo Sardi, Foreign Languages Linda Susan Scharf, Foreign Languages George Arthur Schwarz, Jr., Political Science James Ritchie Short, Religion Mark Steven Shoup, Religion Donald Moreland Singer III, Political Science Craig Emil Suda, Political Science Arthur Donald Tanberg, Psychology Diane Margaret Trullinger, English Harold David Ulmer, English Gary Lee Wagner, Psychology Dennis Franklin Ward, Psychology Barbara Lynn Warwick, Psychology Renee Carol Wert, Psychology Dana Vincent West, Mathematics Margaret Ann Whorl, English Ruth Ann Wilson, English John Charles Wright, Philosophy Paul Robert Zahuta, Psychology BACHELOR OF SCIENCE George Donald Barnabic, Biology Jeanne Davida Barry, Biology Steven Sunday Beam, Biology Christine Susan Becker, Biology Thomas Emery Beresford, Actuarial Science Bonnie Lucille Blazer, Chemistry Sharon Ann Boeshore, Elementary Education Carolyn Ann Bronneck, Elementary Education Martin Lindsey Burch, Music Education Thomas Joseph Chesney, Elementary Education Janice Kay Colyer, Music Education Carol Lee Crawford, Music Education Stephen Grant Crum, Economics and Business Administration Greg Jeffrey Detweiler, Music Education Joseph Anthony Dilorio, Music Education Alison Elizabeth Doney, Elementary Education Michael James Dortch, Economics and Business Administration Debra Susan East, Music Education Karin Lynn Ehinger, Elementary Education Deborah Leslie Ellis, Elementary Education Nancy Marie Farmer, Elementary Education Ralph John Fetrow, Music Education Jamie Whitman Fox, Elementary Educatioii Wayne Charles Fox, Jr., Music Education Donald Bradley Frantz, Music Education Joseph Anthony Gargiulo, Music Education Carey Calvin Garland, Biology Nicholas Marino Gasparino, Economics and Business Administration Robert Phillip Click, Music Education David Mitchell Gordon, Chemistry Sara Ann Harding, Biology Gordon Malcolm Harris, Economics and Business Administration Deborah Jean Heffelfinger, Music Education Henry George Henckler IIL Economics and Business Administratiori Julie Mader Hostetter, Music Education Linda Susan Hough, Elementary Education Lucile Anne Immen, Biology JoAnn Marie Jandrositz, Elementary Education Stanley Felix Janiak, Biology Bruce William Jenkins, Biology Gail Ellen Johnson, Elementary Education Wayne Douglas Johnson, Physics Roslyn Kaplan, Elementary Education Lydia Keegan, Elementary Education Betsy Sue Kilmer, Elementary Education John Steven Kinsella, Jr., Biology Debra Ann Kirchhof, Biology Steven Bernhard Korpon, Biology Anthony Thomas Leach, Music Education Doren Stanford Leathers, Mathematics Elizabeth Ann Todd Lee, Music Education Susan Rebecca Kohl Leibig, Biology Mark Alva Lenz, Actuarial Science Katherine Tara Loomis, Music Education Bonnie Kay Lutz, Elementary Education Lillian Lundin Lyndrup, Biology Andrew Peter Mariani, Biology Richard Leo McCarren, Economics and Business Administration Rita Catherine Miller, Music Education William Chester Miller, Biology John Henry Moyer IV, Chemistry David Ross Naugle, Biology Robert William Ness, Economics and Business Administration Daniel Alan Ober, Actuarial Science Joann Louise Paff, Music Education 118 John Edward Patricelli, Biology Bonnie Gail Phillips, Music Education Nada Jo Powley, Music Education Bruce Allen Rangnow, Economics and Business Administration Susan Louise Reese, Elementary Education Donald Ray Reinecker, Elementary Education Marilyn Joan Richmond, Elementary Education Carolyn Jean Robinson, Elementary Education Amy Rojahn, Elementary Education Philip Dwight Rowland, Music Education George William Schreiber, Chemistry Diane Gail Seegert, Elementary Education Bonnie Louise Seidel, Biology Scott T. Sener, Elementary Education Clinton George Sharman, Music Education Robert Charles Shipe, Physics Byron Lee Shoemaker, Economics and Business Administration Sandra Joyce Snyder, Music Education Andrew Frank Stachow, Music Education Douglas William Stetler, Economics and Business Administration Bradley Dennis Stocker, Elementary Education Rae Jeanne Tanner, Biology Fred William Tomarchio, Chemistry Linnea Travis, Elementary Education Timothy Nicholas Trone, Economics and Business Administration Frank John Tylutki, Jr., Biology Judith Ann VanderVeur, Chemistry Stephen James Wagner, Biology Galen Marvin Walmer, Music Education Mary Elizabeth Weigel, Elementary Education Dennis Craig Wertz, Chemistry Susan Elizabeth White, Elementary Education Susan Isabelle Wise, Elementary Education Linda Lue Witmer, Music Education Janine Marie Womer, Elementary Education Cheryl Anne Lurae Wubbena, Music Education Robert Wayne Yost, Biology Joseph William Zearfoss, Economics and Business Administration Marsha Edwards Zehner, Elementary Education BACHELOR OF SCIENCE IN CHEMISTRY Craig Walker Anderson John Joseph Buckfelder III John Bradford Bulko George Joseph Casey, Jr. Dennis Maxwell Culhane Alan Harrington Curtis Bruce Thomas Elliott Roger Allen Heckman Kenneth Wayne Jordan William Jay Morrison Joseph Edward Murphy, Jr. John Gary Rudiak Diane Marie Scholler Rodney Kevin Shane Thomas Edward Stewart BACHELOR OF SCIENCE IN MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY Richard William Bower Nancy Marie Crowther Cynthia Lynn Evans Phyllis Elaine Johnson Evelyn Gladys Spruce Colleen Letha Wales BACHELOR OF SCIENCE IN NURSING Ruth Forry Daniels Jean Thumma Gingrich Jean Matheson Olson Diane Smith Quigley Nadine Peiffer Wethington DEGREES CONFERRED AUGUST 5, 1973 BACHELOR OF ARTS John Clyde Bittner III, Political Science Neall Harrison Trout IH, History Peter William Schleifer, History Richard Thomas Winters, English Clark Kenneth Yingst, Philosophy 119 BACHELOR OF SCIENCE Francis Obai Kabia, Economics and Phillip Lee Snyder, Economics and Business Administration Business Administration Robert Lee Marvin Stauffer, Physics BACHELOR OF SCIENCE IN NURSING Cecelia Marie Jordan Mary Ann Light Meek Connilu N. Givler Kennie Harr Orndorff Sharon Ann Sharp GRADUATION HONORS SUMMA CUM LAUDE Terry Marlin Heisey Mark Alva Lenz Debra Ann Kirchof Kathleen Ann Bangert Christine Susan Becker George Joseph Casey, Jr. Jean Thumma Gingrich Lester Charles Houtz Edward Charles lannarella Elizabeth Ann Todd Lee Kathleen Ann Bangert Christine Susan Becker George Joseph Casey, Jr. Greg Jeffrey Detweiler Jean Thumma Gingrich Connilu N. Givler Sara Ann Harding Rogert Allen Heckman MAGNA CUM LAUDE Greg Jeffrey Detweiler Sara Ann Harding Roger Allen Heckman CUM LAUDE Evelyn Grace Nottingham Philip Dwight Rowland Linda Susan Scharf Byron Lee Shoemaker Diane Marie Scholler PHI ALPHA EPSILON Teny Marlin Heisey Lester Charles Houtz Edward Charles lannarella Debra Ann Kirchhof Elizabeth Ann Todd Lee Mark Alva Lenz Evelyn Grace Nottingham Philip Dwight Rowland Linda Susan Scharf Rae Jeanne Tanner Renee Carol Wert Ruth Ann Wilson Bonnie Louise Seidel Diane Margaret Trullinger Margaret Ann Whorl Marsha Edwards Zehner Diane Marie Scholler Bonnie Louise Seidel Rae Jeanne Tanner Diane Margaret Trullinger Renee Carol Wert Margaret Ann Whorl Ruth Ann Wilson Marsha Edwards Zehner COLLEGE HONORS Terry Marlin Heisey DEPARTMENTAL HONORS In Biology Debra Ann Kirchhof In Biology Bonnie Louise Seidel In Chemistry George Joseph Casey, Jr. In Chemistry Roger Allen Heckman In Elementary Education Betsy Sue Kilmer In Elementary Education Amy Rojahn In Elementary Education Marsha Edwards Zehner In Elementary Education Diane Louise Walmer In Foreign Languages Margaret Elizabeth Hinkel In History Terry Marlin Heisey In Political Science Kathleen Ann Bangert In Psychology Renee Carol Wert 120 HONORARY DEGREES Conferred May 20, WHS William Arrowsmith Doctor of Letters Helen Ross Russell Doctor of Humane Letters Marlin D. Seiders Doctor of Divinity STUDENT AWARDS, 1973 Senior Awards BAISH MEMORIAL HISTORY AWARD Terry Marlin Heisey, Palmyra, Pa. Established in 1947 in memory of Henry Houston Baish by his wife and daughter, Margaret. Awarded to a member of the senior class majoring in history; selected by the chairman of the department of history and political science on the basis of merit. ANDREW BENDER MEMORIAL CHEMISTRY AWARD Roger Allen Heckman, Mercersburg, Pa. Established in 1952 by the Chemistry Club of the college and its alumni. Awarded to an outstanding senior majoring in chemistry. THE SALOME WINGATE SANDERS AWARD IN MUSIC EDUCATION Philip Dwight Rowland, Annville, Pa. Established in 1957 by Robert Bray Wingate, Class of 1948, in honor of his grandmother, Salome Wingate Sanders. Given annually to the senior who exemplifies excellent character, potential usefulness, and high academic standing and who evidences loyalty to his alma mater. PI GAMMA MU SCHOLARSHIP AWARD Terry Marlin Heisey, Palmyra, Pa. Authorized by the national social science honor society, Pi Gamma Mu, In- corporated, and established at Lebanon Valley College in 1948 by the Pennsylvania Nu Chapter of the society for the promotion of scholarship in the social sciences. Granted upon graduation to a senior member of Pennsylvania Nu Chapter, selected by the chapter's Executive Committee, for outstanding scholarship in economics, government, history, or so- ciology, and high proficiency or other distinction attained in their study during his or her years at the college. THE SOUTHEASTERN PENNSYLVANIA SECTION, AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY AWARD George Joseph Casey, Jr., Lancaster, Pa. Presented to the outstanding senior chemistry major in each of the colleges in the area based on demonstrated proficiency in chemistry. The award consists of a book entitled A German-English Dictionary for Chemists. THE M. CLAUDE ROSENBERRY MEMORIAL AWARD Elizabeth Ann Todd Lee, Annville, Pa. Given to an outstanding senior in music education who is entering the teaching field in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and who has demon- strated unusual ability and promise as a potential teacher. 121 B'NAI B'RITH AMERICANISM AWARD Anthony Thomas Leach, Seat Pleasant, Md. Given to the member of the graduating class who throughout the year best exemplified the philosophies of our American democracy: those precepts of tolerance, brotherhood, citizenship, and respect for his fellow students, regardless of race, color, or creed; to one who abhors prejudice and discrim- ination and who has earned the respect and admiration of his fellow stu- dents by putting into practice the tenets taught to all of us in our institu- tions of learning for the purpose of making this, our country, a better land in which to live. THE GOVERNOR JAMES H. DUFF AWARD Nancy Ruth Hos tetter. Gap, Pa. Established in I960 by Governor James H. Duff (Pennsylvania) to pro- mote interest in state government. Awarded annually to a senior who by participation in campus government or in debating demonstrates a facility and interest in government service. THE CHUCK MASTON MEMORIAL AWARD Edward Charles lannarella, Sharon Hill, Pa. Established in 1952 by the Knights of the Valley. This award is made an- nually to a male member of a varsity team who has displayed the excep- tional qualities of sportsmanship, leadership, cooperation and spirit. THE JOHN F. ZOLA ATHLETIC AWARD Laurence William Melsky, Newtown, Pa. Established in 1962 by the LV Varsity Club. To be awarded to the football player showing qualities of desire, attitude, sportsmanship, and initiative — the qualities that John displayed. This award is open to members of all classes and the winner is elected by the members of the football team. THE SIGMA ALPHA IOTA HONOR CERTIFICATE AWARD Cheryl Anne Lurae Wubbena, Dover, Del. Awarded to the senior music major with the highest scholastic average over her four years of study. The award consists of an honor certificate. CHILDHOOD EDUCATION CLUB AWARD Marsha Edwards Zehner, Levittown, Pa. Awarded to an outstanding student majoring in elementary education who has demonstrated qualities of character, scholarship, leadership, and ser- vice, and who has successfully completed one semester of student teaching. OUTSTANDING SENIOR OF DELTA ALPHA CHAPTER, SAI Debra Susan East, Bernardsville, N.J. Awarded by the Philadelphia Alumnae Chapter of Sigma Alpha Iota to the girl selected by her sister members as the outstanding senior of Delta Alpha Chapter. The award consists of a partial payment toward a life subscrip- tion of Pan Pipes, the fraternity magazine. 122 THE PENNSYLVANIA INSTITUTE OF CERTIFIED PUBLIC ACCOUNTANTS AWARD Byron Lee Shoemaker, Lehighton, Pa. The Accountant's Handbook, awarded to a senior on the basis of ac- counting grades and qualities of leadership on campus. LA VIE COLLEGIENNE AWARD John Clyde Bittner III, Waynesboro, Pa. The La Vie Collegienne Award, established in 1964 by the Rev. Bruce C. Souders, Class of 1944, adviser to and former editor of La Vie Collegienne, seeks to acknowledge the contribution of an upperclassman to good cam- pus public relations through leadership and responsibility in the publica- tion of the campus newspaper. WALL STREET JOURNAL AWARD Douglas William Stetler, Danville, Pa. Established in 1948 by The Wall Street Journal for distinguished work in the department of economics and business administration. The award con- sists of a silver medal and a year's subscription to The Wall Street Journal. PHI BETA KAPPA PRIZE Debra Ann Kirchof, Pottstown, Pa. Established in 1968 by the Phi Beta Kappa Faculty Group of Lebanon Valley College. Awarded to a senior who best measures up to the standards of scholarship and character set by the national society. SENIOR PRIZE IN ENGLISH Margaret Ann Whorl, Glen Rock, Pa. Connilu N. Givler, York, Pa. Established by the class of 1928. Awarded to the outstanding senior English major, taking into account scholarship, originality, and progress. THE FRANCIS H. WILSON MEMORIAL BIOLOGY AWARD Debra Ann Kirchhof, Pottstown, Pa. Bonnie Louise Seidel, Ephrata, Pa. Established in 1972 by family and friends in memory of Dr. Francis H. Wilson, who was chairman of the biology department for fifteen years. The award is given annually to an outstanding senior biology major selected by members of the biology department. WALLACE-LIGHT-WINGATE AWARD IN LIBERAL ARTS Renee Carol Wert, Harrisburg, Pa. Established in 1967 by Robert Bray Wingate, Class of 1948, in honor of Dr. P. A. W. Wallace and Dr. V. Earl Light. Given annually to the senior student who best exemplifies the aims of liberal arts education, namely, a broad interest and training in both the arts and sciences. ACHIEVEMENT SCHOLARSHIP AWARD IN ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Byron Lee Shoemaker, Lehighton, Pa. Awarded to a student majoring in economics and business administration for outstanding scholarship in economics and business administration and 123 for good campus citizenship. Established in 1965 by the People's National Bank of Lebanon. HARRISBURG CHAPTER OF NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF ACCOUNTANTS AWARDS Phillip Lee Snyder, Lancaster, Pa. Granted to the student demonstrating outstanding achievement in the in- troductory accounting course. The award consists of a student subscription to NAA Bulletin and Research Reports of the NAA. THE DAVID E. LONG MEMORIAL MINISTERIAL AWARD Ruth Ellen McAllister, Vienna, Va. Established in 1956 by the Reverend Abram M. Long, Class of 1917, in memory of his father, the Reverend David E. Long, Class of 1900. This award is given annually to a student preparing for the ministry, selected by the members of the department of religion on the basis of merit. THE MARTHA C. FAUST MEMORIAL AWARD Debra Ann Kirchhof, Pottstown, Pa. Established in 1973 by Kappa Lambda Nu in memory of Martha C. Faust who served as dean of women from 1957 to 1972. Awarded to a senior woman on the basis of high personal standards and significant contribu- tion to the college. WHO'S WHO IN AMERICAN UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES Kathleen Ann Bangert, Hillcrest Heights, Md. Christine Susan Becker, Woodbury, N.J. Alison Elizabeth Doney, Pen Argyl, Pa. Walter Stanley Frankowski, Jr., Factoryville, Pa. Donald Bradley Frantz, Hummelstown, Pa. Janice Anne GaNun, Westfield, N.J. Joseph Anthony Gargiulo, Inwood, N.Y. Roger Allen Heckman, Mercersburg, Pa. Nancy Ruth Hostetter, Gap, Pa. Edward Charles lannarella, Sharon Hill, Pa. Debra Ann Kirchhof, Pottstown, Pa. Donald Carlos Johnson, Baltimore, Md. Marcia Elizabeth Keefer, Doylestown, Pa. Anthony Thomas Leach, Seat Pleasant, Md. Ruth Ellen McAllister, Vienna, Va. William Jay Morrison, Enola, Pa. Philip Dwight Rowland, Annville, Pa. Rae Jeanne Tanner, Falls Church, Va. Diane Louise Walmer, Harrisburg, Pa. Ruth Ann Wilson, Lewistown, Pa. Marsha Edwards Zehner, Levittown, Pa. Recognition in Who's Who Among Students in American Universities and Colleges is awarded annually on the basis of grades, personal character, and campus leadership. Final selection is made by the publishers. 124 GENERAL AWARDS ALUMNI SCHOLARSHIP AWARDS Donna Lee Housel, LandisviUe , Pa. Marian Jean Melenchick, Pottsville, Pa. Marie Elizabeth Miller, Red Lion, Pa. These awards, authorized by the Lebanon Valley College Alumni Association in June, 1953, were established with the resources of the alumni Life Membership Fund. These scholarships are granted annually to desening students on the basis of character, academic achievement, and need; the recipients of these scholarships to be designated Alumni Scholars. MAUD P. LAUGHLIN SOCIAL SCIENCE SCHOLARSHIP AWARD Mitchell Monroe Galloway, York, Pa. Michael Dustin Rhoads, Harrisburg, Pa. Awarded in recognition of excellence in scholarship, academic progress, campus citizenship, ser\ice to the institution, participation in extra-curricular activities. JOHN F. ZOLA MEMORIAL SCHOLARSHIP AWARD William Daniel Shumioay, Reading, Pa. Awarded by the Knights of the Valley to a full-time student, on the basis of char- acter and financial need. „ THE BIOLOGICAL SCHOLARSHIP AWARD " Mark Eric Raver, York, Pa. Established in 1918 by alumni and friends. Awarded annually by the chairman of the department of biology on the basis of merit. MEDICAL SCHOLARSHIP AWARD Vicki Lou Hackman, Willoiu Street, Pa. Established in 1918 by alumni and friends. Awarded annually on the basis of merit. THE WOMAN'S CLUB OF LEBANON SCHOLARSHIP AWARD Richard Joseph Newmaster, Jr., Lebanon, Pa. An award given annually by the Woman's Club of Lebanon to a person from Lebanon County enrolled as a full-time student; the choice to be based on finan- cial need, scholarship, and character. ALICE EVERS BURTNER MEMORIAL AWARD Mitchell Monroe Galloway, York, Pa. Established in 1935 in memory of Mrs. Alice Evers Burtner, Class of 1883, by Daniel E. Burtner, Samuel J. Evers, and Evers Burtner. Awarded to an outstand- ing member of the junior class selected by the faculty on the basis of scholarship, character, social promise, and need. DELTA ALPHA CHAPTER OF SIGMA ALPHA IOTA AWARD Jean Maureen Redding, Bethlehem, Pa. Established in 1963 in memory of Marcia M. Pickwell, instructor in piano. Given annually to a sophomore or junior woman student majoring in music who is selected on the basis of need, musicianship, and future promise in her profession. SOPHOMORE ACHIEVEMENT AWARD IN CHEMISTRY Richard Scott Harner, Annville, Pa. Awarded to a member of the sophomore class majoring in chemistry who has demonstrated outstanding work in the field of chemistry. This award was orig- inated by the Student Affiliate Chapter of the American Chemical Society. 125 PHYSICS ACHIEVEMENT AWARD Daniel John Whittle, Highspire, Pa. Awarded to the outstanding student of the freshman or sophomore class in the first year physics course. The award consists of a copy of the Handbook of Chem- istry and Physics. THE MAX F. LEHMAN MEMORIAL MATHEMATICS PRIZE Richard Dewey Hutchinson , Timonium, Md. Established by the Class of 1907, in memory of a classmate. Awarded to that member of the freshman class who shall have attained the highest standing in mathematics. FLORENCE WOLF KNAUSS MEMORIAL AWARD IN MUSIC Priscilla Ruth Lamparter, Souderton, Pa. Awarded annually to the freshman girl who displays the following basic qualities: (1) musicianship with performing ability; (2) reasonably high academic standing; (3) cooperation, dependability, and loyalty to the college. MATHEMATICS ACHIEVEMENT AWARD Linda Maxine Long, Robesonia, Pa. Awarded to a student in the department of mathematics on the bases of achieve- ment, progress and industry. The award consists of a copy of the new edition of the Chemical Rubber Company's book on Standard Mathematics Tables. FRESHMAN ACHIEVEMENT AWARD IN CHEMISTRY Michael Eugene Brown, East Berlin, Pa. Awarded to a member of the freshman class majoring in chemistry who has dem- onstrated outstanding work in the field of chemistry. This award was originated by the Student Affiliate Chapter of the American Chemical Society. SIGMA ALPHA IOTA— THE DEAN'S HONOR AWARD Carol Christine Potter, Pennsauken, N.J. Awarded to a member of Delta Alpha Chapter on the basis of scholarship, mu- sicianship and fraternity service and in recognition of her outstanding achieve- ment and contribution to the fraternity. SIGMA ALPHA IOTA SCHOLARSHIP AWARD Jean Maureen Redding, Bethlehem, Pa. Awarded annually by the Philadelphia Alumnae Chapter of Sigma Alpha Iota to a junior member of Delta Alpha Chapter on the basis of talent and need. PICKWELL MEMORIAL MUSIC AWARD Christine Amy Melson, Forty Fort, Pa. Established in 1963 in memory of Marcia M. Pickwell, faculty member of the de- partment of music. Awarded annually to a junior music major who has demon- strated outstanding pianistic ability and promise. ACHIEVEMENT SCHOLARSHIP AWARD IN ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Robert Gordon Chabitnoy, Cleona, Pa. John Francis Halbleib, Harrisburg, Pa. John Earl Reigle, Lebanon, Pa. Glenn Alan Zearfoss, Annville, Pa. Awarded to students majoring in economics and business administration for out- standing scholarship in economics and business administration and for good campus citizenship. Established in 1965 by the People's National Bank of Leb- anon, Pennsylvania. 126 GERMAINE BENEDICTUS MONTEUX MUSIC AWARD Colleen Kay Clemens, Lebanon, Pa. Established in 1968 by Denise Monteux Lanese in memory of her mother, Ger- maine Benedictus Monteux. This award is given annually to a sophomore or junior student majoring in music or music education as designated by the depart- ment of music on the bases of outstanding personal attitudes, effort, and progress in musical development, and need. BETA BETA BETA FRESHMAN ACHIEVEMENT AWARD IN BIOLOGY Mary Susan Adler, Collegeville, Pa. Awarded annually to a member of the freshman class majoring in biology who has demonstrated outstanding work in biology. The award was established by Alpha Zeta Chapter, Beta Beta Beta, National Biological Society. FOREIGN LANGUAGE ACHIEVEMENT AWARDS French: Patrick Charles Breslin, Lebanon, Pa. Cynthia Dorothy Comfort, Havertown, Pa. Frank Clair Hummert, Jr., Bainbridge, Pa. Nancy Jean Moore, Sea Girt, N. J. Peter Damian Wannemacher, Verona, N. J. German: John Shenk Curry, Jr., Hershey, Pa. Carole Ruth Daugherty, Lancaster, Pa. Edward Robert Donnelly, Philadelphia, Pa. Rebecca Sue Kost, Camp Springs, Md. Kenneth Andrew Seyfert, Lebanon, Pa. Russian: Edward Robert Donnelly, Philadelphia, Pa. Gregory Allen Souders, Winchester, Va. Spanish: Robin Lee Baker, Reading, Pa. Patrick Charles Breslin, Lebanon, Pa. Dianne Marie Dickson, New Holland, Pa. Stephen Michael Fitzgerald, Eagleville, Pa. Jan Marie Johnson, Media, Pa. Russel Albert Miller, Jr., Lebanon, Pa. Carolyn Robertson Reed, Fallston, Md. Jill Ellen Samples, Nottingham, Pa. Linda Susan Scharf, Lafayette Hill, Pa. Barbara Gail Schroeder, Collingswood, N.J. 127 CORRESPONDENCE DIRECTORY To Facilitate Prompt Attention, Inquiries Should be Addressed as Indicated Relow: Matters of General College Interest President Academic Program Vice President and Dean of the College Admissions Director of Admissions Alumni Interests Director of Alumni Relations Business Matters, Expenses Vice President and Controller Campus Conferences Coordinator of Conferences Development and Bequests Director of Development Evening School and Summer Session Assistant Dean of the College Financial Aid to Students Financial Aid Officer Placement: Teacher Placement Director of Teacher Placement Business and Industrial Director of Industrial Placement Publication and Publicity Director of Public Relations Religious Activities Chaplain Student Interests Dean of Students Teacher Certification Assistant Dean of the College Transcripts, Academic Reports Assistant Dean of the College and Registrar Address all mail to: Lebanon Valley College Annville, Pennsylvania 17003 Direct all telephone calls to: Lebanon Valley College Annville, Pennsylvania Area Code 7 1 7 Local Number 867-356 1 Regular office hours for transacting business : College office hours are from 8:30 a.m. to 12:00 noon and 1:00 p.m. to 5:00 p.m. Monday through Friday. Members of the staff are available for interviews at other times if appointments are made in advance. 128 INDEX Absences 33 Academic Classification 32 Academic Dishonesty 33 Academic Offices 106 Academic Probation 34 Academic Programs and Procedures . . 22 Academic Procedures 30 Academic Program 22 Academic Requirements 22 Accreditation 8 Activities, Student 36 Actuarial Science, Outline of Program 91 Actuarial Science, Plan of Study in . . 68 Administrative Staff 106 Administrative Regulations 33 Admissions Deposit 18 Admissions, Requirements and Information 15 Advanced Placement 17 Advisers, Faculty 31 Aid, Student 20 Aims of the College 9 Alpha Phi Omega 39 Alpha Psi Omega 39 Alumni Office 108 Alumni Organization 115 Anthropology, Course in 89 Application Fee 18 Application for Admission 15 Art, Courses in 42 Athletics 41 Athletics, Aims and Objectives 41 Attendance, Chapel-Convocation .... 34 Attendance, Class 33 Auditing Courses 31 Auditions, Department of Music ... 16 Auxiliary Schools 28 Auxiliary School Fees 19 Awards Conferred, 1973 121 Baccalaureate, Attendance at 25 Balmer Showers Lectureship 38 Band, All-Girl 39, 75 Band, Symphonic 39, 75 Baseball 41 Basketball 41 Biology, Courses in 43 Biology, Outline of Program 91 Biology, Marine 29 Board Fees 18 Board of Trustees Ill Board of Trustees, Committees 114 Board of Trustees, Officers Ill Business Administration, Courses in . . 50 Business Administration, Outline of Program 92 Business Management 108 Campus Employment 21 Campus Map 134 Campus Organizations 38 Cars, Student Rules Concerning .... 34 Certification, Requirements for Teachers 92, 97-99 Change of Registration 30 Chapel Choir 39, 76 Chapel-Convocation Program 34, 36 Chemistry, Courses in 45 Chemistry, Outline of Program 91 Class Attendance 33 Clubs, Departmental 39 College Calendar, 1973-1974 3 College Calendar, 1974-1975 4 College Center 107 College Chorus 39, 75 College Entrance Examination Board Tests 16 College History 6 College Honors, 1973 120 College Honors Program 27 College Profile 6 College Relations Area 108 Commencement, Attendance at 25 Committees, Board of Trustees 114 Committees, Faculty 110 Computer Facilities 10 Computer Programming 47 Concert Choir 39, 75 Concurrent Courses 31 Contingency Deposit 18 Cooperative Programs 93 Correspondence Directory 128 Counseling and Placement 32 Course Credit 42 Course Numbering System 42 Courses of Study by Departments .... 42 Credits Earned at Another Institution 17 Cross Country 41 Cultural Opportunities 40 Cum Laude Graduates, 1973 120 Degrees Conferred, 1973 117 Degrees, Requirements for 22 Delta Tau Chi 38 Denominational Organizations 37 Departmental Clubs 39 129 Departmental Honors 27 Departmental Honors, Biology 44 Departmental Honors, Chemistry .... 46 Departmental Honors, Economics ... 48 Departmental Honors, Elementary Education 51 Departmental Honors, English 55 Departmental Honors, Foreign Languages 58 Departmental Honors, History 62 Departmental Honors, Mathematics . . 68 Departmental Honors, Music 71, 77 Departmental Honors, Philosophy ... 78 Departmental Honors, Physics 81 Departmental Honors, Political Science 65 Departmental Honors, Psychology ... 83 Departmental Honors, Religion 86 Departmental Honors, Sociology .... 89 Departmental Honors, 1973 120 Departments, Courses of Study by . . . 42 Development Office 109 Directories 101 Discontinuance of Courses 31 Dismissal 35 Distribution Requirements 26 Dramatic Organizations 39 Economics and Business Adminis- tration, Courses in 48 Economics and Business Administra- tion, Outline of Program 92 Education, Courses in 51 Elementary Education, Courses in . . . 53 Elementary Education, Outline of Program 93 Elementary Education — Subject Matter Requirements 98 Emeritus Professors 100 Employment 21 Endowment Funds 11 Engineering, Cooperative Program, Outline of Program 93 Engineering, Plan of Study in 68 English, Courses in 54 Enrollment Statistics 14 Entrance Requirements 15 Evening Classes 28 Examinations 23 Examination, College Entrance Board 16 Expenses 18 Extension Courses 28 Extra-Curricular Activities 36 Faculty 100 Faculty Advisers 31 Faculty Committees 110 130 Fees and Deposits 18 Financial Aid 20 Football 41 Foreign Languages, Courses in 57 Foreign Language Requirement 26 Forestry, Cooperative Program, Outline of Program 94 French Club 39 French, Courses in 58 Freshman Orientation 30 Furnishings, Residence Halls 20 General Alumni Organization 115 General Requirements 26 Geography, Courses in 61 Geology, Courses in 61 German, Courses in 59 Golf 41 Governing Bodies 40-41 Grade-Point Average 23 Grading and Quality Points, System of 23-24 Grading, Pass-Fail 24 Grants-in-Aid 21 Green Blotter Club 39 Greek, Courses in 60 Hazing 34 Health Reports 15 Health Services 107 History and Political Science, Courses in 62 History, College 6 History, Courses in 62 Honorary Degrees, 1973 121 Honorary Organizations 39 Honors Program 27 Honors Sections 27 Hours, Limit of Credit 32 Independent Study, Biology 45 Indpendent Study, Chemistry 47 Independent Study, Economics and Business Administration 50 Independent Study, Elementary Education 54 Independent Study, English 57 Independent Study, French 59 Independent Study, German 60 Independent Study, History 64 Independent Study, Mathematics .... 70 Independent Study, Music 77 Independent Study, Philosophy ... 78, 79 Independent Study, Physics 81, 83 Independent Study, Political Science 67 Independent Study, Psychology .... 83, 85 Independent Study, Religion 87 Independent Study, Sociology 90 Independent Study, Spanish 61 Information for Prospective Students 15 Institutional Rules 41 Instructors 105 Insurance Plan and Fee 18 Intercollegiate Athletic Programs .... 41 Interdisciplinary Courses 67 Investment Club 39 Junior Year Abroad 29 Lacrosse 41 Late Registration 30 La Vie CoUegienne 39 Limit of Hours 32 Loans 21 Major Requirements 22 Marine Biology Program 29 Map, Campus 134 Mathematics, Courses in 67 Meals 20 Medical Examinations 15 Medical Technology, Cooperative Program, Outline of Program 94 Music, Conducting 77 Music, Courses in 70 Music Education, Outline of Program 96 Music Fees 18 Music Instruction, Applied 77 Music Instruction, Individual 77 Music, Instrumental Courses 74 Music, History and Appreciation of . . 76 Music, Methods and Materials 73 Music Organizations 39, 75 Music, Outline of Program 95 Music, Special Requirements 71 Music, Student Teaching 74 Music, Theory of 72 National Direct Student Loans 21 New Music Building 10 New Student Orientation 30 Night Classes 28 Nursing, Cooperative Program, Outline of Program 96 Objectives of the College 9 Office of President 106 Officers, Board of Trustees Ill Orientation 30 Parking, Student Rules on 34 Part-Time Student Fees 19 Pass/Fail Grading 24 Payment of Fees and Deposits 19 Philosophy, Courses in 78 Physical Education, Courses in 79 Physical Education Requirement ... 26 Physical Examinations 15 Physics, Courses in 80 Placement 32 Political Science, Courses in 62 Practice Teaching ... 54, 55, 74, 93, 98, 99 Pre-Dental Curriculum 91 Pre-Medical Curriculum 91 Presidents of the College 8 Presidential Scholarships 21 Pre-Veterinary Curriculum 91 Principles and Objectives 9 Private Music Instruction 77 Prizes Awarded, 1972 121 Probation, Academic 34 Procedures, Academic 30 PROJECT 37 Professional Curricula, Special Plans for 90 Professors 100 Professors, Assistant 102 Professors, Associate 101 Professors, Emeritus 100 Psychology, Courses in 83 Public Relations Office 108 Publications, Student 39 Quality Points, System of 23 Quittapahilla, The 39 Readmission 35 Recitals, Student 77 Recognition Groups 38 Recreation 41 Refund Policy 19 Registration 30 Regulations, Administrative 33 Religion and Life Lectureships 38 Religion, Courses in 85 Religious Emphasis Day 38 Religious Life 36 Repetition of Courses 31 Requirements, Admission 15 Requirements, Degrees 22 Requirements, Distribution and General 26 Residence Halls, Regulations 19 Residence Requirement 23 Rules, Institutional 41 Russian, Courses in 60 Schedules, Arrangements of 32 Scholarships 21 Scholarship Funds 11 Secondary Education, Courses in ... . 54 Secondary Education — Subject Matter Requirements 97, 99 131 Semester Hours 22 Semester Hour Limitations 32 Soccer 41 Social Organizations 38 Social Sciences Curriculum 97 Social Sciences, Major 88 Sociology, Courses in* 88 Spanish, Courses in 60 Special Plans of Study 90 Student Activities 36 Student Affairs Offices 107 Student Awards, 1972 121 Student Employment 21 Student Finances 18 Student Government 40 Student Loans 21 Student Personnel Offices 107 Student Publications 39 Student Recitals 77 Student Teaching ... 54, 55, 74, 93, 98, 99 Summer Session 28 Sunday Church Services 37 Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grants 21 Support and Control 10 Suspension 35 Symphonic Band 39, 75 Symphony Orchestra 39, 75 Teacher Placement Bureau 33 Teaching Assistants 105 Teaching, Certification Requirements 92, 97-99 Track 41 Transcripts 34 Transfer Credit 17 Transfer Students 25 Trustees, Board of Ill University Center at Harrisburg .... 28 Washington Semester Program 29 Withdrawal 35 Withdrawal from Courses 24 Withdrawal Refunds 19 Wrestling 41 132 CAMPUS ENTRANCE I 1 Administration Building 1 1 Funkhouser Hall 24 2 Allan W. Mund 12 Hammond Hall 25 College Center 13 Heating Plant 3 Arnold Field 14 Infirmary 26 4 Art Studio 15 Keister Hall 27 5 Carnegie Building 16 Kreider Hall 28 (Adnnissions Office) 17 Laughlin Hall 29 6 Centre Hall 18 Library 30 7 East College 19 Lynch Memorial Building 31 8 Faculty Offices, (Gym) 32 104 College Ave. 20 Maintenance Building 33 9 Faculty Offices, 21 Mary Capp Green Hall 34 1 12 College Ave. 22 Miller Chapel Faculty Offices, 130 College Ave. 23 Music Annex 1 35 36 Music Annex II 25 New Music Building (under construction) 26 North College 27 SaylorHall Science Hall Sheridan Hall Silver Hall South Hall United Methodist Church Vickroy Hall Wagner House (Faculty Lounge) West Hall West Annex Notes ':':':^''-''-.^'"'''''^'';' ^ [ ' '' ^'-W r. ', , i ,: 1' \:'^'''-'['n'^f\--^:-^^^^ ||.. '. '" ■■'.'.:'. .:.::^^,^' ■■■.''' '' '-i"'Utei^ ffi[«T7T.- '■ '