(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Children's Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Lebanon Valley College Catalog"

/ 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2011 with funding from 

LYRASIS IVIembers and Sloan Foundation 



http://www.archive.org/details/lebanonvalley197980leba 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

bulletin 



THE BULLETIN is pub- 
lished quarterly except 
semi-quarterly in Summer 
[5 issues). USPS Number 
308-480. Second Class 
postage paid at Annville, 
PA 17003. Office of Pub- 
lic Relations, Lebanon 
Vail^.y College, Annville, 
PA 1/003. 



Volume 13, Number 5 
Winter 1980 



m 




i 






The college reserves the 




right to change any provi- 




sions or requirements at 




any time within the stu- 




dent's term of residence. 



!.ebanon Valley College admits students and appoints em- 
3loyees of any race, color, national and ethnic origin, sex. 
ige, and religion to all rights, privileges, programs, and 
ictivities accorded or made available to students and em- 
3loyees at the College. The College's administration of its 
3mployment policies, educational policies, and all 
"ollege-administered programs is conducted without re- 
gard to race, color, national and ethnic origin, sex, age and 
eligion. 




Second class postage paid 
at Annville, Pennsylvania 
17()()3. 



COLLEGE CALENDAR 1979/1980 



First Semester 

1979 

Aug. 25 Saturday, 5:45 p.m Faculty-Administration reception and dinner 

26 Sunday, 12:00 noon Residence halls open for new students 

27-28 Monday. Tuesday Orientation for new students 

28 Tuesday, 8:30 a.m Registration by new students 

28 Tuesday, 1:00 p.m Registration by upperclassmen 

29 Wednesday, 10:00 a.m. . .Opening College Convocation 
29 Wednesday, 1:00 p.m. . .Classes begin 

Sept. 8 Saturday Board of Trustees Retreat 

18 Tuesday, 11:00 a.m Religion and Life-Balmer Showers Lecture 

22 Saturday Homecoming Day 

Oct. 12 Friday, 5:00 p.m Long weekend begins 

17 Wednesday, 8:00 a.m. . . .Classes resume 

17 Wednesday Mid-Semester grades due 

20 Saturday Church Day 

23 Tuesday, 11:00 a.m Balmer Showers Lecture 

Nov. 6-13 Tuesday through 

Tuesday Pre-Registration for second semester 

10 Saturday Board of Trustees meeting 

21 Wednesday, 1:00 p.m. . .Thanksgiving vacation begins 
26 Monday, 8:00 a.m Classes resume 

Dec. 11 Tuesday, 5:00 p.m First semester classes end 

12-13 Wednesday, Thursday . .Reading period 

14-15 Friday, Saturday First semester examinations 

16 Sunday Reading period 

17-20 Monday through 

Thursday Pirst semester examinations 

20 Thursday, 5:00 p.m First semester ends 

Second Semester 



Jan. 13 Sunday, 12:00 noon 



. .Residence halls open 



. .Registration 

. .Classes begin 

. .Religion and Life-Balmer Showers Lecture 

. .Founders' Day 

. .Spring vacation begins 

. .Concert Choir tour 
. .Classes resume 
. .Religious Emphasis Day 
. .Phi Alpha Epsilon Day 



14 Monday, 8:00 a.m. 

15 Tuesday, 8:00 a.m. . 
Feb. 5 Tuesday, 11:00 a.m. 

19 Tuesday, 11:00 a.m. 

29 Friday, 5:00 p.m. . . 
Mar. 5-14 Wednesday through 

Friday 

10 Monday, 8:00 a.m. . 

18 Tuesday, 11:00 a.m. 
25 Tuesday 

2 5- Apr. 1 Tuesday through 

Tuesday Pre-registration by current students for first 

semester, 1980-1981, and 1980 summer 
session 

30 Sunday, 3:00 p.m Spring Music Festival, Wind Ensemble 

3 Thursday, 5:00 p.m Easter vacation begins 

8 Tuesday, 8:00 p.m Classes resume 

13 Sunday, 3:00 p.m Spring Music Festival, College Chorus and 

Symphony Orchestra 

19 Saturday Orientation I for incoming students 

20 Sunday, 3:00 p.m Spring Music Festival, Symphonic Band 

25-27 Friday through Sunday .Tenth Annual Spring Arts Festival 

29 Tuesday, 11:00 a.m Awards and Recognition Convocation 

May 1 Thursday, 5:00 p.m Second semester classes end 

2-4 Friday through 

Sunday Peading period 

3 Saturday Alumni Day 

5-10 Monday through 

Saturday Second semester examinations 

10 Saturday, 5:00 p.m Second semester ends 

16 Friday Board of Trustees meeting 

17 Saturday Orientation II for incoming students 

18 Sunday, 9:00 a.m Baccalaureate service 

18 Sunday, 11:00 a.m 111th Annual Commencement 

1980 summer session: June 9- August 1 



Contents 



College Profile 5 

College History 5 

Accreditation 7 

Statement of Purpose 7 

Support and Control 8 

Enrollment Statistics 11 



Information For Prospective Students 13 

Admission 13 

Student Finances 15 

Financial Aid 18 



Academic Programs and Procedures 21 

Requirements For Degrees 21 

General and Distribution Requirements 24 

The College Honors Program 25 

Auxiliary Schools 25 

Germantown Metropolitan Semester 26 

International Studies Program 27 

Marine Biology Program 27 

Merrill-Palmer Institute Semester 27 

Washington Semester Program 28 

Academic Procedure 28 

Administrative Regulations 31 



Student Activities 35 

The Religious Life 35 

Campus Organizations 36 

Cultural Opportunities 37 

Student Government 37 

Athletics and Recreation 39 



Courses of Study by Departments 40 

Special Plans of Study 95 



Directories 107 

Faculty and Administrative Staff 107 

Board of Trustees 117 

Correspondence Directory 122 

Index 126 

3 



COLLEGE PROFILE 

COLLEGE HISTORY 

Officials of the East Pennsylvania Conference of the Church of the United 
Brethren in Christ were acutely embarrassed in the spring of 1866. Five public- 
spirited citizens of the town of Annville had come to Conference on February 22 
and offered as a gift the Annville Academy building on Main Street, which they 
had bought for $4,500, providing that the C^onference would establish and 
maintain there forever an institution of learning of high grade. The gift was 
accepted. The name Lebanon Valley College was chosen. It was decided to lease 
the property to someone qualified to operate a school. The opening date was 
set — May 7. Planning then came to a stop, for they could find no one to take the 
lease. 

That was the situation seven weeks before the opening date, according to 
George Washington Miles Rigor, whose short account is the earliest extant history 
of Lebanon Valley College. There was no college graduate in the whole Confer- 
ence, and a poll of Otterbein College graduates failed to turn up a prospect. Rigor, 
a United Brethren minister who had attended college for only three years, stepped 
into the breach. He enlisted the cooperation of a neighbor, Thomas R. Vickroy, a 
Methodist minister and graduate of Dickinson College. They took over the lease as 
partners for the next five years. Vickroy to run the school and Rigor to act as agent. 
The building was readied and Lebanon Valley College opened on May 7, as 
scheduled, with 49 students enrolled. From its first day it was coeducational. 

President Vickroy's term was marked by action. Eleven acres were added to 
the "lot and a half of ground" conveyed by the original deed. A spacious 
four-story building was erected. A charter was granted by the Commonwealth of 
Pennsylvania. A faculty was hired. A complete college curriculum, based on the 
classics but including music and art, was established, and two classes were 
graduated before Vickroy gave up his lease in 1871. The college was not leased 
again but continued operations through a Board of Trustees. 

The five presidents during the next 25 years had great difficulty in keeping 
the college financially afloat, due to lack of support ranging from apathy to open 
opposition. There was some progress. A library was established in 1874, and a 
college newspaper appeared in 1888. However, in the fall of 1896, the school was 
debt-ridden, living from hand to mouth, with an enrollment of only 80. 

The administration of President Hervin U. Roop, starting in 1897, marked the 
first real period of expansion. Under his leadership, five new buildings were 
erected, including a library donated by Andrew Carnegie, and the Administration 
Building was re-built after a disastrous fire on Christmas Eve, 1904. By 1905, 
enrollment had soared to 470, with a faculty of 23. 

Loss of public confidence and financial support prompted Roop's resignation 
in 1905, and the college faced its darkest days. Bankruptcy was averted by the 
keen business sense and personal generosity of President Lawrence Keister, who 
served from 1907 to 1912. 

President George D. Gossard finally gave the college stability when he 
achieved for it accreditation and a million-dollar endowment fund, the income 
from which was to form the financial cushion dreamed of by all the presidents 
before him. By the end of his 20-year term in 1932, there were 653 students and 32 
faculty members. Most important, the Conservatory of Music was accredited by 
the Commonwealth for its program in public school music, marking the start of an 
outstanding academic department. 

Following Dr. Gossard's death in 1932, Dr. Clyde A. Lynch faced a series of 
external crises which lasted throughout his 18 years as president. The stock 
market crash shrank the handsome endowment raised by his predecessor. The 
depression of the 1930's reduced the enrollment, and World War II lowered it still 



further; the post-war influx of veterans then stretched it to more than capacity. In 
spite of these trials, Dr. Lynch's administration began buying property adjacent to 
the campus to allow for further expansion. It also raised over a half-million 
dollars, part of which was to be used for a new physical education building. This 
building, still unfinished at the time of Lynch's death in 1950, was named in his 
honor upon completion. 

The twelfth president of the college, Frederic K. Miller, served for almost 17 
years. During his term, inflation caused mushrooming costs, but the so-called 
"tidal wave of students" made possible selective admissions. The greatest physical 
expansion in the history of the college occurred, with seven new buildings erected 
and several renovated. Two major fund-raising drives were concluded success- 
fully. Enrollment increased 60%, with a corresponding increase in faculty and 
administrative staff. The centennial of the founding of the college was observed by 
a year-long series of events. 

On April 1, 1967, Dr. Miller retired, and Allan W. Mund, president of the 
Board of Trustees, became acting president. It was not until February 3, 1968, that 
Frederick P. Sample was elected by the board to become thirteenth president of 
Lebanon Valley College. When Dr. Sample assumed office on September 1, 1968, 
Lebanon Valley College faced its second century as a fully-accredited, church- 
related, coeducational college of the liberal arts, occupying a 35-acre campus of 26 
buildings, and supporting an enrollment of 900 and a full-time faculty of 58. In the 
years since then, the college has continued to grow in acres and buildings, in 
students and faculty. This growth is reaching its culmination in the 1970's with 
the multi-million dollar ambitions of the Fund for Fulfillment. 

Just as the college has changed through the years, so has the Church of the 
United Brethren in Christ which gave it birth and offered its support. Organized in 
1800 as the first Christian church indigenous to the United States, the denomina- 
tion merged with the Evangelical Church to become the Evangelical United 
Brethren Church in 1946. In April, 1968, this body joined with the Methodist 
Church to form the United Methodist Church. 

In looking to its second century, Lebanon Valley College is conscious of the 
dream of its forefathers that it be "an institution of learning of high grade." It aims 
to be essentially what it is now, a relatively small college of the liberal arts and 
sciences that takes its Christian origins seriously. 



Presidents of 

Lebanon Valley College 

Rev. Thomas Rees Vickroy, Ph.D. 

1866-1871 
Lucian H. Hammond, A.M. 

1871-1876 
Rev. D. D. DeLong, A.M. 

1876-1887 
Rev. E. S. Lorenz, A.M., B.D. 

1887-1889 
Rev. Cyrus J. Kephart, A.M. 

1889-1890 
E. Benjamin Bierman, A.M., Ph.D. 

1890-1897 
Rev. Hervin U. Roop, A.M., Ph.D., 
LL.D. 

1897-1906 
Rev. Abram Paul Funkhouser, B.S. 

1906-1907 



Rev. Lawrence Keister, S.T.B., D.D. 

1907-1912 
Rev. George Daniel Gossard, B.D., D.D. 
LL.D. 

1912-1932 
Rev. Clyde Alvin Lynch, A.M., B.D. 
D.D., Ph.D., LL.D. 
1932-1950 
Frederic K. Miller, M.A., Ph.D., Litt.D. 
D.H.L., D.Pd., LL.D. 

Acting President 1950-1951 
President 1951-1967 
Allan W. Mund, LL.D. 

Acting President 1967-1968 
Frederick P. Sample, B.A., M.Ed., D.Ed. 
Pd.D. 
1968- 



6 



ACCREDITATION 

Lebanon Valley College is on the approved lists of the Regents of the 
State University of Nev^ York and the American Association of Univer- 
sity Women. 

Lebanon Valley College is accredited Lebanon Valley College is a member of 
by the following bodies: the following bodies: 

Middle States Association of Colleges College Entrance Examination Board 

and Secondary Schools College Scholarship Service 

Department of Education of Pennsyl- Eastern College Athletic Conference 

vania National Association of Indepen- 

National Association of Schools of ,, ^.^^* Colleges and Universities 

Music National Collegiate Athletic Associa- 

A • ^1 ■ ^ r^ . tion 

American Chemical Society Por,r,c.ri,.or..-o a • *• c r^ ^ 

y rennsylvania Association of Col- 

leges and Universities 
Pennsylvania Foundation for Inde- 
pendent Colleges 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 
Annville, Pennsylvania 

STATEMENT OF PURPOSE 

Lebanon Valley College affirms its Christian origins by maintaining affiliation 
with the United Methodist Church and by recognizing the Christian faith as the 
perspective for its policies. Both the Christian spirit, which encourages the 
unhampered search for truth, and the academic program, which gives form to the 
search for truth, combine to generate free and responsible inquiry by students and 
faculty. 

In accordance with the purposes of its founders, Lebanon Valley College seeks 
to provide an atmosphere in which the student can respond creatively to the 
contemporary world. Each person is encouraged (1) to develop a genuine concern 
for cooperative living and community service; (2) to attain a heightened sense of 
moral and spiritual values through a deepened awareness of how people have 
thought of themselves in relation to nature, to society, and to God; (3) to appreciate 
the close and unmistakable relationship among rational thought, creative imagi- 
nation, and moral commitment; and (4] to deal candidly and intelHgently with the 
past, the present, and the future and their interrelationship. 

The programs of the College are designed to provide a demanding as well as a 
rewarding encounter with the means necessary to achieve the discovery of self 
and society: consideration of humanity's most significant ideas and accomplish- 
ments; development of logical thought and clear communication; practice in 
precise analysis and effective performance. The academic, social, religious, and 
aesthetic experiences blend to create the atmosphere of the College in a way that 
fosters enlivened curiosity, discipline of self, and excitement about ideas that are 
the hallmark of the educated individual. 

Lebanon Valley College, with approximately one thousand students and a 
low student-faculty ratio, in giving life to the concept of liberal arts as expressed 
in the preceding paragraphs has chosen to maintain an educational institution 
which is academically strong, guided by the Christian faith, and small enough to 
give personal attention to all students. 

Adopted February 1, 1975 
Lebanon Valley College Board of Trustees 



SUPPORT AND CONTROL 

Lebanon Valley College receives support authorized by the General Confer- 
ence of the United Methodist Church, individual congregations of the denomina- 
tion in the Eastern Pennsylvania Conference and the Central Pennsylvania 
Conference, endowments, and the Pennsylvania Foundation for Independent 
Colleges. Also, since at Lebanon Valley College as at most other institutions of 
higher learning the tuition and other annual charges paid by the student do not 
cover the total cost of his education, additional income is derived through the 
Lebanon Valley College Fund. The Fund is supported by industry, alumni, the 
Board of Trustees, parents of students, and other friends of the college. 

Total assets of Lebanon Valley College are approximately $20,000,000, 
including endowment funds of about $3,600,000. Aside from general endowment 
income available for unrestricted purposes, there are a number of special funds 
designated for specific uses such as professorships, scholarships, and the library. 

Control of the college is vested in a Board of Trustees composed of 49 elected 
members, 24 of whom represent church conferences; 5 of whom represent the 
alumni of the institution; 5 of whom represent the faculty; and 15 of whom, 
including 3 students, are elected at large. 



POLICY OF NONDISCRIMINATION 

Lebanon Valley College admits students and appoints employees of any race, 
color, national and ethnic origin, sex, age, and religion to all rights, privileges, 
programs, and activities accorded or made available to students and employees at 
the College. The College's administration of its employment policies, educational 
policies, and all College-administered programs is conducted without regard to 
race, color, national and ethnic origin, sex, age, and religion. 



ENDOWMENT FUNDS (June 30, 1977) 

RESTRICTED Lectureship Funds 

For educational and general purposes Bishop J. Balmer Showers Lectureship 



Professorship Funds 



Fund 

^1 . r^ 1UOU1 J r- 1^ . Staley Distinguished Christian Scholar 

Chair of English Bible and Greek Testa- Lectureship Fund 

ment 

Joseph Bittinger Eberly Professorship Library Funds 

of Latin Language & Literature Library Fund of Class of 1916 

John Evans Lehman Chair of Mathe- Class of 1956 Library Endowment Fund 

n^^tics Or Lewis J. and Leah Miller Leiby 

Rev. J. B. Weidler Endowment Fund Library Fund 

The Ford Foundation Robert B. Wingate Library Fund 

Butterwick Chair of Philosophy Maintenance Funds 

Karl Mihon Karnegie Fund ^iram E. Steinmetz Memorial Room 

The Batdorf Fund Fund 

E. N. Funkhouser Fund Williams Foundation Endowment 

Mr. and Mrs. C. H. Horn Fund Fund 

Mary I. Shumberger Fund Equipment Funds 

Woodrow W. Waltermyer Professor- Dr. Warren H. Fake and Mabel A. Fake 

ship Fund Science Memorial Fund 

8 



Publicity Funds 

Harnish-Houser Publicity Funds 

Restricted — Other 

Unger Academic Assistance Fund 

C. B. Montgomery Memorial Room 

Fund 
A.I.M. Fund 



NON-EDUCATIONAL 
PURPOSES 

Scholarship Funds 

Ministerial Scholarship Trusts — 
United Methodist Church 

1. Western Conference 

2. Central Pennsylvania Conference 

3. Eastern Pennsylvania Conference 

4. General Conference 

5. Baltimore Conference 
Alumni Scholarship Fund 

Dorothy Jean Bachman Scholarship 

Fund 
Lillian Merle Bachman Scholarship 

Fund 
E. M. Baum Scholarship Fund 
Andrew and Ruth E. Bender Scholar- 
ship Fund 
Cloyd and Mary Bender Scholarship 

Fund 
Biological Scholarship Fund 
Eliza Bittinger Scholarship Fund 
Mary A. Bixler Scholarship Fund 
I. T. Buffington Scholarship Fund 
Alice Evers Burtner Memorial Award 

Fund 
Oliver P. Butterwick School Fund 
Mr. and Mrs. D. Clark Carmean Schol- 
arship Fund 
Isaiah H. Daugherty and Benjamin P. 

Raab Memorial Scholarship Fund 
Senator James J. Davis Scholarship 

Fund 
Derickson Scholarship Fund 
William E. Duff Scholarship Fund 
Samuel F. and Agnes F. Engle Schol- 
arship Fund 
M. C. Favinger and Wife Scholarship 

Fund 
Fred E. Foos Scholarship Fund 



C. C. Cingrich Scholarship Fund 
Gossard, Plitt and Monteith Scholar- 
ship Fund 

Margaret Verda Graybill Memorial 

Scholarship Fund 
Peter Graybill Scholarship Fund 
Jacob F. Greasley Scholarship Fund 
Hilda Hafer Scholarship Fund 
Alice M. Heagy Scholarship Fund 
J. M. Heagy and Wife Scholarship Fund 
Bertha Foos Heinz Scholarship Fund 
Harvey E. Herr Memorial Scholarship 

Fund 
Edwin M. Hershey Scholarship Fund 
Merle M. Hoover Scholarship Fund 
Katherine S. Howard Scholarship Fund 
Judge S. C. Huber Scholarship Fund 
Cora Appleton Huber Scholarship 

Fund 
Reynaldo Rovers Memorial Scholar- 
ship Fund 

Germaine Benedictus Monteaux Music 
Award 

Germaine Benedictus Monteaux Me- 
morial Scholarship Fund 

H. S. Immel Scholarship Fund 

Henry G. and Anna S. Kauffman and 
Family Scholarship Fund 

John A. H. Keith Fund 

Barbara June Kettering Scholarship 
Fund 

Dorothea Killinger Scholarship Fund 

Rev. and Mrs. J. E. and Rev. A H. 
Kleffman Scholarship Fund 

A. S. Kreider Ministerial Scholarship 
Fund 

D. Albert and Anna Forney Kreider 
Scholarship Fund 

W. E. Kreider Scholarship Fund 
Maud P. Laughlin Scholarship Fund 
Lebanon Steel Foundry Foundation 

Scholarship Fund 
The Lorenz Benevolent Fund 
Mrs. Edwin M. Loux Scholarship Fund 
F. C. McKay 

Medical Scholarship Fund 
Elizabeth Meyer Endowment Fund 
Elizabeth May Meyer Musical Scholar- 
ship Fund 



Elizabeth H. Millard Memorial Schol- 
arship Fund 
Harry E. Miller Scholarship Fund 
Bishop J. S. Mills Scholarship Fund 
Elizabeth A. Mower Beneficiary Fund 
Laura Muth Scholarship Fund 
Gene P. Neidig Memorial Scholarship 

Fund 
Philadelphia Lebanon Valley College 

Alumni Scholarship Fund 
Rev. H. C. Phillips Scholarship Fund 
Pickwell Memorial Music Award 
Quincy Evangelical United Brethren 
Orphanage and Home Scholarship 
Fund 
Ezra G. Ranck and Wife Scholarship 

Fund 
Levi S. Reist Scholarship Fund 
Dr. G. A. Richie Scholarship Fund 
Emmett C. Roop Scholarship Fund 
Mary Sachs Foundation Scholarship Fund 
Harvey L. Seltzer Scholarship Fund 
Paul Shannon Scholarship Fund 
Special Fund 
Mary Ann Ocker Spital Scholarship 

Fund 
Rev. and Mrs. Cawley H. Stine Schol- 
arship Fund 
Dr. Alfred D. Strickler and Louise 
Kreider Strickler Pre-Medical Schol- 
arship Fund 
Robert L. Unger Scholarship Fund 
Henry J. Wilder Scholarship Fund 
J. C. Winter Scholarship Fund 

Student Loan Funds 

Mary A. Dodge Loan Fund 
Daniel Eberly Scholarship Fund 



Glant-Gibson-Glunt Educational Loan 

Fund 
Esther and Frank Ligan Fund 
International Student Loan Fund 

Prize Funds 

Bradford C. Alban Memorial Award 

Fund 
Class of 1964 Quittie Award Fund 
The L. G. Bailey Award Fund 
Henry H. Baish Award 
Andrew Bender Memorial Chemistry 

Fund 
Governor James H. Duff Award 
Florence Wolf Knauss Memorial Music 

Award 
LaVie Coiiegienne Award Fund 
Max F. Lehman Fund 
The David E. Long '00 and Abram M. 

Long '17 Memorial Fund 
People's National Bank Achievement 

Award in Economics 
The Rosenberry Award 
Francis H. Wilson Biology Award 

Annuity Funds 

Ruth E. Bender 

Ruth Detwiler Rettew 

Paul F. Fulk and Margaret M. Fulk 

Rev. A. H. Kleffman and Erma L. 

Kleffman 
E. Roy Line Annuity 
Mary Lutz Mairs 
Esta Wareheim 

Unitrust Agreements 

Richard L. and Ruth W. Davis Fund 

Parke H. and Cecil B. Lutz Fund 

Dr. Elizabeth K. Weisburger Trust Fund 



10 



ENROLLMENT STATISTICS 



SUMMARY OF COLLEGE YEAR, 1977-1978-CUMULATIVE 

DAY-TIME FULL-TIME PART-TIME TOTAL 

Men Women Total Men Women Total Men Women Total 

Degree Students 

Seniors 106 109 215 5 11 16 111 120 231 

Juniors Ill 103 214 2 8 10 113 111 224 

Sophomores 118 112 230 2 2 4 120 114 234 

Freshmen 180 155 335 4 3 7 184 158 342 

Non-degree 3 _12 15 r7_ 29^ 46^ _^ ^ 61 

Day-Time Total .518 491 1009 30 53 83 548 544 1092 

Evening-Campus 

Classes 50 73 123 50 73 123 

Weekend College . . 2 3 5 42 48 90 44 51 95 

University Center 

at Harrisburg ... 101 148 249 101 148 249 

Grand Total ... 520 494 1014 223 322 545 743 815 1559 
Names 

repeated .... -22 -18 -40 -22 -18 -40 

Net Total 520 494 1014 201 304 505 721 798 1519 

1977 Summer 

Session 103 133 236 103 133 236 



SUMMARY OF HRST SEMESTER 1978-1979 



DAY-TIME 



Degree Students 

Seniors 115 

Juniors 89 

Sophomores . . . .108 
Freshmen 172 

Non-degree 2 

Day-Time Total .486 
Evening-Campus 

Classes 

Weekend College . . 1 
University Center 

at Harrisburg . . . 

Grand Total. . .487 
Names 

repeated .... 

Net Total 487 



FULL- 


TIME 


PART-TIME 




TOTAL 




Women 


Total 


Men 


Women 


Total 


Men 


Women 


Total 


106 


220 


6 


9 


15 


121 


114 


235 


102 


191 


2 


4 


6 


91 


106 


197 


108 


216 


2 


1 


3 


110 


109 


219 


135 


307 


2 


3 


5 


174 


138 


312 


2 


4 


12 


21 


33 


14 


23 


37 


452 


938 


24 


38 


62 


510 


490 


1000 






31 


52 


83 


31 


52 


83 


1 


2 


54 


96 


150 


55 


97 


152 






62 


79 


141 


62 


79 


141 


453 


940 


171 


265 


436 


658 


718 


1376 






-12 


-20 


-32 


-12 


-20 


-32 


453 


940 


159 


245 


404 


646 


698 


1344 



11 



INFORMATION FOR 
PROSPECTIVE STUDENTS 

ADMISSION 

Students are admitted to Lebanon Valley College on the basis of scholarly 
achievement, intellectural capacity, character, personality, and ability to profit by 
college experience. 

General Information 

1. All communications concerning admission should be addressed to the Director 
of Admissions, Lebanon Valley College, Annville, Pennsylvania 17003. 

2. Applications should be submitted as early as possible in the latter part of the 
junior or the beginning of the senior year of high school or preparatory school. 

3. Applications must be filed on forms provided by the office of admissions. 

4. Each application must be accompanied by an application fee of $15.00. This fee 
is not refundable. 

5. A transcript of the secondary school record must be sent by the principal or 
counselor to the director of admissions. May 1 is the deadline for receiving ap- 
plications. 

6. A student transferring from another collegiate institution must present an 
official transcript of his scholastic record and evidence of honorable dismissal. 

7. All new students are required to present on or before August 15 the official 
health record showing a physician's report of medical examination, and 
previous immunization records. 

8. All applicants shall be considered for admission without regard to their race, 
color, handicap, sex, religion, creed, or ethnic and national origin. 

Admission is based on total information submitted by the applicant or in his 
behalf. Final decision, therefore, cannot be reached until all information has been 
supplied by the applicant. 

Factors Determining Admission 

Each candidate for admission will be considered individually and the 
decision with respect to admission will be based on the following factors: 

1. The transcript of the applicant's secondary school record. 

2. Recommendation by the principal, teachers, and other responsible persons as 
to the applicant's special abilities, integrity, sense of responsibility, serious- 
ness of purpose, initiative, self-reliance, and concern for others. 

3. A personal interview, whenever possible, with the director of admissions or his 
designate. 

4. College Entrance Examination Board— test results: (a) The Scholastic Aptitude 
Test is required of all candidates for admission, (b) The Achievement Test in 
Foreign Languages, while not required; is recommended, especially for stu- 
dents who wish placement in higher level courses. Those seeking entrance in 
September are advised to take these tests no later than in the preceding 
December and/or January. In exceptional cases the requirement of the CEEB 
Tests may be waived at the discretion of the Director of Admissions. Full 
information concerning dates and locations of these test administrations may 
be obtained by writing to: College Entrance Examination Board. P.O. 592, 
Princeton, NJ 08540. 

5. Applicants for admission may submit the results of the American College Test 
Program in lieu of the Scholastic Aptitude Test. 

6. Additional test results may be required in special cases. 

13 



Admission to the Department of Music 

An applicant for the music, sacred music or music education major is 
expected to satisfy the general requirements for admission. In addition, the 
candidate must appear for an audition before members of the music faculty and 
show evidence of: 

1. An acceptable singing voice and a fairly quick sense of tone and rhythm; 

2. Ability to sing at sight hymn and folk tunes with a fair degree of accuracy and 
facility; 

3. Ability to sing or to play the piano, organ or some orchestral instrument at 
an acceptable level. 

Recommended Units for Admission 

It is recommended that all candidates offer 16 units of entrance credit and 
graduation from an accredited secondary school or submit an equivalency 
certificate acquired through examination. 

Ten of the 16 units offered for admission must be from the following subjects: 
English, foreign language, mathematics, science, and social studies. 

An applicant for admission whose preparatory courses do not coincide with 
the distribution of subject units (see below] may be considered if his academic 
record is of high quality and if he appears to be qualified to do college work 
satisfactorily. All entrance deficiencies must be removed before sophomore 
academic status will be granted. 



DISTRIBUTION OF SUBJECT UNITS 

English 4 units 

Foreign Language (in one language]* 2 

Mathematics 2 

Science (laboratory] 1 

Social Studies 1 

Electives 6 

Total required 16 

Transfer Credit 

A student applying for advanced standing at Lebanon Valley College after 
having attended another accredited institution of higher education shall submit 
an official transcript of his record and evidence of good standing to the director of 
admissions. If requested, he must provide copies of the appropriate catalogs for 
the years of attendance at the other institution or institutions. 

Credits are accepted for transfer provided that the grades received are C-(1.7] 
or better and the work is equivalent or similar to work offered at Lebanon Valley 
College. Grades thus transfered count for hours only, not for quality points. 

A candidate for admission holding an associate degree from a regionally 
accredited college can be admitted with full acceptance of course work at the other 
institution. Course work in the major field, however, for which the applicant has 
received a D will not be accepted on transfer. 

Because Lebanon Valley College is a liberal arts institution, consideration of 
full acceptance of the associate degree will be granted with the understanding that 
the candidate has followed a basic course of study compatible with the academic 



*If an applicant cannot present the two units of foreign language, he will be required to 
take a minimum of one year of one language in college. His credits for this work will be 
counted toward graduation requirements. See p. 24, General Requirements concerning the 
foreign language requiren^ent. 



14 



programs and curriculum of the College. Generally, it is assumed the candidate 
has followed the liberal arts curriculum of the other institution. 

Students, with the exception of those in the medical technology and nursing 
programs, who transfer from two-year institutions are required to earn at least 60 
hours of credit from a four-year institution for graduation. A minimum of 30 hours 
must be taken at Lebanon Valley College by all students to meet the residence 
requirement. 

Transfer students may be required to take placement examinations to demon- 
strate adequate preparation for advanced courses at Lebanon Valley College. 

Subject to the conditions listed in the second paragraph, Lebanon Valley 
College will recognize for transfer credit a maximum of 15 hours of USAFl or 
DANTES course work provided such credit is recommended by the American 
Council on Education's publication, A Guide to the Evaluation of Educational 
Experiences in the Armed Services. 

Credit will not be granted for correspondence courses. 



COLLEGE LEVEL EXAMINATION PROGRAM (CLEP) 

Credit is granted for acceptable achievement on such Subject Examinations of 
the College Level Examination Program (CLEP) as are approved by the appropriate 
College department and the Curriculum Committee. Students shall have achieved 
a scaled score of 50 or better on the objective section and shall have earned a grade 
of C or better, as determined by the appropriate department, on the essay section of 
the examination. 

Six (6] semester hours credit each is granted for achievement of a composite 
score in the 50th percentile or above in the following: General Examinations and 
English Composition, Humanities, Mathematics, Natural Sciences and History. 
Three (3) hours credit will be applied to the appropriate distribution in the 
humanities, natural sciences, and/or social sciences. For the English Composition 
Examination, the student is given credit for English 111. For the Mathematics 
Examination, the student is given credit for Mathematics 100. Request for credit 
must be submitted to the Assistant Dean of the College for Weekend College 
students, and to the Assistant Dean of the College and Registrar for other students 
prior to the student's completion of 30 semester hours credit. 

Examinations may be taken prior to admission or after a student has 
matriculated at the College. Credit is given only to students who have matricu- 
lated at the College. Applicants for admission interested in receiving credit should 
consult with the Office of Admissions; current students should consuh with the 
Vice President and Dean of the College. Applicants interested in the CLEP 
Program should write to the Program Director, College Level Examination 
Program, P. O. Box 1821. Princeton. N. J. 08540, for a CLEP Bulletin of Information 
for Candidates, which provides information on examinations and the dates and 
locations of test administrations. 

Advanced Placement 

Advanced placement in appropriate courses and credit will be granted to 
entering students who make scores of 4 or 5 on the College Board Advanced 
Placement examination. For scores of 3, final determination is made by the 
appropriate department. 

Advanced Placement without credit may be granted on the basis of the 
Achievement Tests of the College Board examinations or such other proficiency 
tests as may be determined by the assistant dean of the college and registrar and by 
the chairman of the department in which advanced placement is sought. 

15 



STUDENT FINANCES 

Lebanon Valley College is a private, non-profit institution. It derives its 
financial support from endow^ment and gifts from the United Methodist Church, 
alumni, industry, friends, and from the tuition, fees, and other charges paid by the 
students. The cost to the student is maintained at a level consistent with adequate 
facilities and high quality instruction. 

Fees and Deposits 

An application fee of $15.00 which is not refundable is charged each 
applicant against the cost of processing his application for admission. 

An admission deposit of $100.00, payable within thirty days of notification 
of acceptance, is required of all new (including transfer] students. Until this 
deposit is paid the student is not guaranteed a place in the entering class. The 
admission deposit is not refundable; it will be applied to the student's account 
upon registration. 



1979-1980 Fee Structure for Full-Time Students 

Per Year 

Comprehensive Fee $3720.00 

Fee includes the following: 

Tuition $3610.00 

Fees 110.00 

Total Charges for Commuting Student $3720.00 

Room (other than single) 690.00 

Single in a single occupancy — 110% of above room rate 

Single in a double occupancy — 150% of above room rate 
Dining Hall 1050.00 

Total Charges for Resident Student $5460.00** 

Private Music Instruction (V2 hour per week) 

*Beyond the First Half Hour $100.00 per semester 

Transcript in Excess of One $2.00 



*The first half hour of private music instruction is included in the basic tuition charge 
of all full-time majors in the department of music. 

**The fee structure (student charges) as published in this catalog are subject to change 
or revision at the discretion of the college. 



A health's service fee is collected in the first semester of the student's enroll- 
ment and a pro-rata charge applies to the student who first enrolls in the second 
semester. 

The contingency deposit in the amount of $50.00 must be made before 
registration and is required of all full-time students and will be refunded upon 
graduation or withdrawal from college provided no damage has been caused by 
the student. All student breakage that occurs in college-operated facilities will be 
charged against this deposit and the amount must be repaid to the college within 
30 days of notice to the student. 

A fee of $10.00 is charged each student who does not register for classes 
during any prescribed pre-registration or registration period. A fee of $5.00 is 
charged for every change of course made at the student's request after registration. 

The fee for part-time students (less than 12 credit hours per semester) is 
$100.00 per semester credit hours plus a $5.00 registration fee. 

16 



Auxiliary School Fee Structure (Evening, Summer and Weekend) 

Tuition, $75.00 per semester credit hour 
Registration fee. $5.00 

Fee for registration at other than prescribed time, $5.00 
Change of registration fee, $5.00 

Payment of Fees and Deposits 

Semester charges are due and payable in full on August 10 (first semester) and 
January 2 (second semester) as a condition for registration. Those preferring to pay 
semester charges in monthly installments are invited to consult with the office of 
the controller regarding deferred payment plans offered by various financial 
institutions. Arrangements for deferred payment plans shall be completed early 
enough to assure payment of bills no later than the date that semester charges are 
due and payable (August 10 and January 2). 

A satisfactory settlement of all college accounts is required before grades are 
released, transcripts are sent, honorable dismissal granted, or degree conferred. 

Refund Policy 

Refunds, as indicated below, are allowed only to students who officially 

withdraw from the college by completing the clearance procedure: 

Period after registration % refunded of tuition 

Within 2 weeks 75% 

Within 3rd week 50% 

Within 4th week 25% 

After 4 weeks 0% 

The above refund schedule also applies to part-time students, and to full-time 

students who withdraw from a course or courses so as to reduce the remaining 

course load to less than 12 semester credit hours. 

A refund on board charge is allowed for the period beginning after honorable 

official withdrawal. No refund is allowed on room charges. 

No refund is allowed on student charges when a student retains his class 

standing during his absence from college because of illness or for any other 

reason. 

No refund is allowed on room deposit except when withdrawal results from 

suspension or dismissal by college action or when withdrawal results from 

entrance into active military service. 

Residence Halls 

Residence hall rooms are reserved only for those continuing students who 
make an advance room reservation deposit of $50.00 (Receipt must be presented at 
the time of room sign-up which occurs during April.) 

Occupants must pay for any breakage or loss of furniture or any other damage 
for which they are responsible. Damage not assignable to an individual occupant 
may be prorated to accounts of occupants within the responsible area (wing, hall, 
floor, dorm, etc.). 

Each room in the men's residence halls is furnished with chests of drawers, 
book case, beds, mattresses, chairs, and study tables. Drapes are provided in 
Funkhouser, Hammond, and Keister Halls. Students must provide bedding, rugs, 
lamps, and all other furnishings. 

Each room in the women's residence halls is furnished with beds, mattresses, 
chairs, dressers, book case, and study tables. Drapes are provided in Mary Green 
and Vickroy Halls. Other desired furnishings must be supplied by the student. 

Students rooming in residence halls may not sublet their rooms to commuting 
students or to others. 

17 



Since Lebanon Valley College is primarily a boarding institution, all students 
are required to live in college-owned or controlled residence halls. Exceptions to 
the above are: married students, students living v^^ith immediate relatives, or those 
living in their own homes who commute daily to the campus. 

Should vacancies occur in any of the residence halls, the college reserves the 
right to require students rooming in the community to move into a residence hall.. 

The college reserves the right to close all residence halls during vacations and 
between semesters. 

The college reserves the right to inspect any student's room at any time. 
Periodic inspection of residence halls will be made by members of the administra- 
tion. 

The college is not responsible for loss of personal possessions by the students. 
It is recommended that each student consider the need to provide private 
insurance coverage. 



Meals 

All resident students are required to take their meals in the college dining 
rooms. Commuting students may arrange for meals Monday through Friday, on a 
semester basis, if space is available. 



Financial Aid 

Lebanon Valley College offers financial aid to deserving students who have 
been accepted for admission insofar as aid funds permit. With the exception of 
Presidential Scholarships, which are awarded on merit, financial assistance is 
granted on the basis of need. The College subscribes to the philosophy that it is the 
responsibility of the student and his or her parents to bear the burden of the 
educational costs to the extent possible, but realizes that it is extremely difficult 
for many families to meet these expenses. Lebanon Valley attempts to meet 
financial need by allocating available funds (from federal, state. College, and 
other sources) in an aid package which usually consists of grant, loan, and 
employment. 

Lebanon Valley College does not have its own financial aid application; the 
Financial Aid Form (FAF) of the College Scholarship Service is used in determin- 
ing the applicant's financial need. It is not necessary to await acceptance to the 
College before applying for financial aid. Students applying for assistance through 
any of the campus-based federal programs (Supplemental Education Opportunity 
Grants, National Direct Student Loans, College Work-Study) or directly from 
Lebanon Valley College must submit the FAF to the College Scholarship Service, 
Box 176, Princeton, N.J. 08540 as soon as possible after January 1. Students 
applying for state aid, such as Pennsylvania Higher Education Assistance Agency 
(PHEAA) Grants, must file separate applications to the specific state agency. Stu- 
dents may apply for Basic Educational Opportunity Grants (BEOG) by completing 
the appropriate section of the FAF or (for Pa. residents) the appropriate section of 
the PHEAA Grant Application. 

Students often receive assistance from sources outside the College. The 
amounts and sources of outside aid must be reported, and the College reserves the 
right to adjust the total financial aid package accordingly. 

Financial Aid is granted for one year and is reviewed annually. Eligibility for 
renewal is based upon need as established by the renewal FAF and satisfactory 
academic performance. 

The following is a brief description of the types of financial aid available at 
Lebanon Valley College. 

18 



Presidential Scholarships 

Awards to entering students by the President of Lebanon Valley College based 
on superior high school performance and test results. A cumulative 2.5 grade 
point average is required for reneu^al of the award. This is the only grant aid 
offered by LVC which is not based on financial need. 

Grants-in-Aid 

LVC grant funds awarded to students demonstrating financial need, as de- 
termined by the FAF. A cum^ulative 2.0 grade-point average is required for 
renewal. Annual renewal of the FAF is required for upperclassmen. 

Basic Educational Opportunity Grants 

Federal grants to students demonstrating financial need as determined by 
specific Basic Grants criteria. Students may apply by completing appropriate sec- 
tion of FAF or PHEAA Grant Application {Pa. residents only). 

Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grants 

Grants to exceptionally needy students from federal allocations to College. 
FAF required. 

State Grants 

Awards to student directly from state agencies. Pennsylvania State grants are 
based on financial need and range from $100-$1,500 per year. Apply directly to 
state agency. 

Student Loans 

1.) National Direct Sudent Loans — Funded by federal allocations to College 
with a maximum yearly loan of $1,000. Repayment with 3% interest begins nine 
months after completion of studies. FAF required. 2.) Guaranteed Student Loans 
— Banks serve as lenders of these funds, which are federally insured. $2,500 yearly 
maximum with 7% interest during repayment. Banks provide application forms. 

Student Employment 

1.) College Work-Study — On-campus student employment assigned as part of 
the aid package. Federal government underwrites 80% of earnings. 2.) Work-Aid — 
College-subsidized on-campus student employment. 

For further information write to the Financial Aid Officer, Lebanon Valley 
College, Annville, Pennsylvania 17003. 




19 




m^'- 



^m^tlif 



ACADEMIC PROGRAMS 
& PROCEDURES 



REQUIREMENTS FOR DEGREES 

Lebanon Valley College confers four bachelor degrees. They are: Bachelor of 
Arts, Bachelor of Science, Bachelor of Science in Chemistry, and Bachelor of 
Science in Medical Technology. 

The degree of Bachelor of Arts is conferred upon students who complete the 
requirements for graduation in the following areas, and who are recommended by 
the faculty and approved by the Board of Trustees: English, foreign languages, 
French, German, history, humanities, music, philosophy, political science, 
psychology, religion, sacred music, social science, sociology, and Spanish. 

The degree of Bachelor of Science is conferred upon students who complete 
the requirements in the following areas, and who are recommended by the faculty 
and approved by the Board of Trustees: accounting, actuarial science, biochemis- 
try, biology, business administration, chemistry, computer science, cooperative 
engineering, cooperative forestry, economics, elementary education, mathemat- 
ics, music education, nursing, physics, and social service. 

As appropriate, the degree of Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science is con- 
ferred upon the student who completes an Individualized Major program. 

The professional degrees of Bachelor of Science in Chemistry and Bachelor of 
Science in Medical Technology are conferred upon students who complete the 
requirements in the respective professional areas and who are recommended by 
the faculty and approved by the Board of Trustees. 

Semester Hours 

The requirements for degrees are stated in "semester hours of credit" which 
are based upon the satisfactory completion of courses of instruction. Generally, 
one semester hour of credit is given for each class hour a week throughout the 
semester. In courses requiring laboratory work, not less than two hours of 
laboratory work a week throughout a semester are required for a semester hour of 
credit. A semester is a term of approximately 15 weeks. 

Candidates for degrees must obtain a minimum of 120 semester hours credit 
in academic work in addition to the required courses in freshman and sophomore 
physical education. However, a student who has a physical disability may be 
excused (on recommendation from the college physician) from the requirement in 
physical education. 

Major 

As a part of the total requirement of 120 semester hours credit in academic 
work, every candidate for a degree must present at least 24 semester hours of 
course work in one department (this is his major). The initial selection of a major 
may be indicated or recorded any time before the end of the student's sophomore 
year. Such a choice of major must be made by the time of registration for the junior 
year. 

A student shall be accepted as a major in a department so long as he has not 
demonstrated (by achieving less than the minimum grade-point average in the 
desired major) that he is incapable of doing satisfactory work in the department. A 
student accepted as a major has the right to remain in that department, except by 
special action of the dean of the college, as long as he is in college. 

Substitution or waiving of specific courses required for the major may be 
approved by the departmental chairman or advisers upon student request. 

21 



A student desiring to major in two subject areas should consult his current 
adviser and the chairman of the department of his proposed second major 
concerning requirements and procedure. 

Examinations 

Candidates for degrees are required to take end of course examinations if 
scheduled by the instructors. 

Residence Requirement 

Degrees will be conferred only upon those candidates earning in residence a 
minimum of 30 semester hours out of the last 36 taken before the date of the 
conferring of the degree, or before the transfer to a cooperating program. 
Residence credit is given for course work completed in regular day classes and in 
Weekend College, evening, and summer session courses taken on campus. 

Grade-Point Averages 

Candidates for degrees must also obtain a cumulative grade-point average of 
1.75, computed in accordance with the grading system indicated below. 

In addition, candidates must earn a grade-point average of 2.0 in the major 
field of study. 

Only grades received in courses taken on campus, in courses staffed by Leba- 
non Valley College at the University Center at Harrisburg, or in courses in the 
LVC-Central College International Studies Program are used to determine grade- 
point averages. 

System of Grading and Quality Points 

The work of a student in each subject is graded A, B, C, D, or F, with the plus 
and minus available to faculty members who wish to use them. These grades have 
the following meanings: 

A — distinguished performance 

B — superior work 

C — general satisfactory achievement 

D — course requirements and standards satisfied at a minimum level 

F — course requirements and standards not satisfied at a minimum level 

A student may not take any course which has as a prerequisite a course that he 
has failed. If a student fails in a course twice, he may not take it a third time. 

In addition to the above grades the symbols "1," "W," "WP," and "WF" are 
used on grade reports and in college records. "I" indicates that the work is 
incomplete (that the student has postponed with the prior consent of the instruc- 
tor and for substantial reason, certain required work), but otherwise satisfactory. 
This work must be completed with the first six weeks of the beginning of the 
semester following, or the "1" will be converted to an F. Appeals for extension 
of time beyond six weeks must be presented in writing to the assistant dean of the 
college not later than one week after the beginning of the next semester. 

W indicates withdrawal from a course through the eighth week of classes in 
the semester. In case of a withdrawal from a course thereafter through the last day 
of classes in the semester, the symbol "WP" will be entered if the student's work is 
satisfactory, and " WF" is the work is unsatisfactory. The grade of "WF" is counted 
as an F in calculating grade-point averages. 

For courses in which no academic credit is involved, student work is 
evaluated as either S (Satisfactory) or U (Unsatisfactory). 

For each semester hour credit in a course in which a student is graded A, he 
receives 4 quality points: A-, 3.7; B+ , 3.3; B, 3; B-, 2.7; etc. F carries no credit 
and no quality points. 

22 



Pass/Fail Grading 

Degree Students prior to first semester 1979-1980. 
After attaining sophomore standing (28 semester hours credit), a student may elect 
to take up to two courses per semester and one one-semester course per summer 
session on a P/F basis, but only six of these courses can be counted toward 
graduation requirements. 

Any courses not being counted toward the fulfillment of the general require- 
ments or the major requirements may be optional on a pass/fail basis. Any 
prerequisite course taken on a P/F basis and successfully completed will satisfy 
the prerequisite. 

Each department may. with the approval of the dean of the college, designate 
certain courses, including those required for the major, in which the grading will 
be P/F for all students enrolled. Such courses may not be taken for regular grading 
even if a student desires it. Any course so designated shall not count toward the 
total number of courses available P/F to the student. 

Any course taken on a P/F basis will be graded P/H (pass with distinction), P 
(pass), or F (fail). P/H is defined as B+ and up, P is defined as D- through B; and F 
is below D-. 

Any course completed on a P/F basis shall be counted toward graduation 
requirements, but only an F grade shall be included in computing the grade-point 
average. All passing grades shall be treated on the record as is transfer credit. 

The student will indicate at registration or through the eighth week of classes 
in the semester the courses that he has elected to take on a P/F basis. He may, with 
the approval of his adviser, change his option for P/F grading 'to the regular 
grading basis or from regular grading to P/F grading during the same period. 

Instructors may be informed of the grading option selected by the student 
only after semester grades in the course have been recorded. Instructors will 
submit for each student an A through F grade which will be converted to P/H, P, or 
F for students selecting this grading system. 

Persons beginning study as degree students in the first semester, 1979-1980, 
and thereafter. 

Pass/Fail requirements are the same as listed above with the following excep- 
tions: (1). Courses which are prerequisites or corequisities for major courses may 
not be taken P/F. (2). Election of the P/F option shall be completed within the first 
two weeks of the semester; a student may remove a course from P/F during the 
first eight weeks of the semester. 

Transfer Students 

Students transferring from two-year institutions (except those in the medical 
technology and nursing programs) are required to have at least 60 hours of work at 
a four-year institution for graduation. All students must take a minimum of 30 
hours at Lebanon Valley College to meet the residence requirement. (See page 22.) 

Students transferring from other institutions must secure a grade-point 
average of 1.75 or better in work taken at Lebanon Valley College, and must meet 
the 2.0 grade-point average in their major field. 

Attendance at May Baccalaureate and Commencement Programs 

All seniors are required to attend the May baccalaureate and commencement 
programs at which their degrees are to be conferred. 

Degrees will be conferred in absentia only for the most compelling reasons 
and only upon a written request approved by the assistant dean of the college and 
registrar. Such requests must be submitted at least two weeks prior to the date of 
commencement. 

Faculty approval is required for the conferring of the degree and the issuance 
of the diploma in any case of willful failure to comply with these regulations. 

23 



GENERAL REQUIREMENTS ^^^^^,^^ 

AREA Hours 

1. Writing Skills 6 

2. Religion and/or Philosophy 

(2 one-semester courses) .... 6 

3. Natural Science 

(2 one-semester courses in 
biology, chemistry, mathe- 
matics, physics, and psy- 
chology. One course must be 
a laboratory course.) 6-8* 

4. Individual and Group Be- 
havior (3 one-semester 
courses in economics, his- 
tory, political science, psy- 
chology, religion, and sociol- 
ogy — from at least 2 different 
disciplines) 9-10* 

5. Foreign Language — 

— either a, b, c, d, or e 3-6-8* 

a. 2 elementary foreign lan- 
guage courses in one lan- 
guage (6 sem hrs) 

b. 2 intermediate foreign 
language courses in one 
language (6 sem hrs) 

c. 1 intermediate foreign 
language and 1 computer 
language course (6 sem 
hrs) 

d. 1 advanced foreign lan- 
guage course (3 sem hrs) 

e. 2 additional General Re- 
quirements, exclusive of 
Phys Ed. 

6. Arts and Letters 

(2 one-semester courses in 
art literature, music, and 
philosophy) 6 



Physical Education 

(2 one-semester courses 

graded S/U) 2 



REQUIRED OR 
ELIGIBLE COURSES 

En 111, 112 

Re 111, 112, 120, 222; 
Ph 110, 228, 231 

Bi 101/102, 111/112, 302, 309; Ch 101, 
102, 103, 104, 111, 112; Ma 100, 102, 
111, 161, 170; Phy 100, 103, 104, 110, 
111, 112; Psy 110, 235, 236, 237, 238, 
444 

EG 110/120; Geo 112; all history courses 
except Hi 390, 412, 500; MS 260; 
PS 111/112, 211, 212, 311, 312, 314, 
411, 413; Psy 321, 337, 343, 346; Re 
140; So 110, 122, 211, 232, 242, 251, 
272, 282, 321; appropriate Interdisi- 
plinary Courses 



Fr, Ger, Gk, La, Sp 101, 102 courses 



Fr, Ger, Gk, La, Sp, 111, 112 courses 



Fr, Ger, Gk, 
CP 170 



La, Sp 111,112 courses; 



Fr, Ger, Sp 115, 215 

Any 2 additional courses listed under 
Areas 2, 3, 4, 6, not in the major 
field(s) or otherw^ise required for the 
major(s) 

Ar 110, 201, 203; En 221/222, 225/226, 
227/228, 250-299, 321/322, 337, 338, 
339; all foreign language courses 
numbered 116 or higher except FL 
270, 290; Mu 100 or 341/342; Ph 340; 
appropriate Interdisciplinary Courses. 

PE 110 



*The number of hours will depend upon the selection of courses. 

Total hours required for graudation, including the general requirements, courses 
required for the major and electives: 120 academic semester hours credit and 2 semester 
hours credit for Physical Education. 

No courses from a student's first major field may be used to meet any of the General 
Requirements. However, social science majors are exempted from Area 4 requirements and 
humanities majors are exempted from Area 6 requirements. 

Certain requirements may be earned through proficiency examinations, the Advanced 
Placement Program, and the College-Level Examination Program. Further information may 
be obtained from the assistant dean of the college and registrar. 

24 



THE COLLEGE HONORS PROGRAM 

The Honors Program provides an opportunity for superior students to develop 
and to challenge their intellectual abilities, to challenge their originiality and 
intellectual curiosity, and to nurture academic excellence both in students and 
faculty. 

The Program has tu^o phases: lower division Freshman-Sophomore Honors: 
upper division Honor Studies and Departmental Honors. 

Prospective freshmen are selected, after interviews with members of the 
Honors Subcommittee of the Academic Life Committee and Honors instructors, on 
the basis of class rank, CEEB scores, Presidential Scholarship Examinations, and 
other useful information. Others may be chosen by a similar procedure by the 
Honors Subcommittee toward the end of the first semester, on the basis on 
recommendations invited from all instructors. 

To graduate with college honors, a student must earn twelve semester hours 
in lower division honors and nine semester hours in upper division honors. In 
upper division work, three semester hours must be gained in Honors Studies and 
three in Independent Study. A student's grade-point average must be at least 3.0 
overall and in Honors work. 

FRESHMAN-SOPHOMORE HONORS 

Freshman-Sophomore Honors may be conducted in either lecture or seminar 
format; all students are expected to contribute to seminar discussion. Participation 
in Freshman-Sophomore Honors is restricted to Honor students; exceptions are 
made only with consent of the instructor and the Honors Subcommittee of the 
Academic Life Committee. Enrollment in Freshman-Sophomore Honors sections 
should be limited to 15. 

Freshman-Sophomore Honors sections are offered in the following courses 
which meet the appropriate general and distribution requirements; English 
111/112, English 227/228. Religion 111/112, Economics 110/120, Foreign Lan- 
guage 315H/316H, History 125/126, Mathematics 170, and Psychology 110. 

HONORS STUDIES 

Honors Study is a team effort in independent work with the guidance of one 
or more instructors. Honors Study generally deals with an interdepartmental 
subject, is restricted to Honors Students at the junior-senior level, and consists of a 
team of no more than seven students. An Honors student may participate in an 
Honors Study after completing nine hours in Freshman-Sophomore honors. In 
appropriate instances, the Curriculum Committee will be petitioned to approve 
courses to meet the distribution requirements. 

DEPARTMENTAL HONORS 

Departmental Honors is taken in the major field in junior and senior years. 
The program consists of a reading and/or research program producing a thesis or 
an essay. The latter is done on a problem or subject of the student's own choosing 
under the supervision of a faculty adviser. Opportunity also exists to do creative 
work. A maximum of nine hours credit may be earned in departmental honors. 

AUXILIARY SCHOOLS 

Summer, Evening, Weekend College, Extension 

Summer sessions, evening classes on campus. Weekend College, and exten- 
sion classes in the University Center at Harrisburg enable teachers, state employ- 
ees, and others in active employment to attend college courses, and secure aca- 
demic degrees. By a careful selection of courses made in consultation with the ap- 
propriate adviser, students can meet many of the requirements for a baccalaureate 

25 



degree. Some courses may be taken for provisional and permanent teaching cer- 
tification; others may be taken with the aim of transferring credit to another insti- 
tution. Many courses lead to professional advancement or are of direct benefit to 
persons in business or industry, while others assist in broadening the student's 
vocational, social, and cultural background. 

Brochures are published for the summer session, the evening classes, and 
Weekend College. For copies or for other information write to the Assistant Dean 
of the College. Lebanon Valley College, Annville, Pennsylvania 17003. 

Summer Session 

Regular enrolled students may, by taking summer session courses, meet the 
requirements for the bachelor's degree in three years. 

Campus Evening Classes 

Evening classes are offered on the campus, Monday through Thursday, and 
carry residence credit. 

The evening school includes an ENRICH Program in Business Administra- 
tion or Accounting. The student receives a certificate of achievement upon suc- 
cessful completion of the 60 semester-hour program. 

Weekend College 

The Weekend College offers full degree programs in Accounting, Business 
Administration, Nursing, Social Science-Sociology, and Social Service, with all of 
the necessary classes meeting on Friday nights and Saturdays. These residence 
credit classes are primarily intended for off-campus adults interested in pursuing 
a college degree. 

University Center at Harrisburg 

Extension classes are offered at the Center's campus, 2991 North Front Street, 
Harrisburg, 17110, on Monday through Thursday evenings and on Saturday morn- 
ings during the regular academic semesters. Classes m.eet during the summer ses- 
sions on various evenings. Lebanon Valley College's extension program in 
Harrisburg is carried on in conjunction with Elizabethtown College, Temple 
University, The Pennsylvania State University, and the University of Pennsylvania. 

All students admitted and enrolled for a degree at the college are required to 
secure the permission of their advisers and the assistant dean of the college prior 
to enrolling for any courses at the University Center at Harrisburg. 

For details pertaining to the University Center at Harrisburg write or call the 
director at 2991 North Front Street, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania 17110, at 238-9694 
during the day or 238-9696 during the evening. 

GERMANTOWN METROPOLITAN SEMESTER 

Lebanon Valley College sponsors an urban semester program through the 
Metropolitan Collegiate Center of Germantown, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. This 
is a one-semester program of a pre-professional internship and academic seminars 
relating to the city. The program is designed especially for students who are 
interested in cities and the opportunity of living and working in a pluralistic urban 
world; or who want the practical and personal advantages of a concrete work 
experience especially for purposes of vocational and educational decisions. 

Internship placements are available in a diverse range of social service, mental 
health, law enforcement, medical research, and health-care-delivery agencies. 15 
academic credits are offered in the program. Metropolitan Semester students live 
in housing approved by the Center staff. Total costs are comparable to those of a 
semester on campus. 
Adviser: Dr. Lockwood 

26 



INTERNATIONAL STUDIES PROGRAM 

Lebanon College offers an International Studies Program in cooperation 
with Central College, Pella, Iowa. This affiliation, which is shared with twenty 
three other colleges and universities across the country, enables Lebanon Valley 
students to enroll for foreign study in France, Germany- Austria, Spain, Mexico, 
Wales or England while maintaining their regular enrollment status at Lebanon 
Valley and their college and other financial aid. 

Students may also study abroad under a program administered by an 
accredited American college or university, or in a program approved by Lebanon 
Valley College. Such students must have maintained a 3.0 average at Lebanon 
Valley College, must be proficient in the language spoken in the country in which 
they will study, and must be a person who, in the judgment of the assistant dean 
of the college and registrar and the faculty, will be worthy representatives of their 
own country. Their proposed courses of study must be approved by the appropri- 
ate departmental chairman and the assistant dean of the college and registrar. 
Advisers; Dr. Igiesias, Dr. Ford 

ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY 

Lebanon Valley College maintains active programs in the following areas of 
Environmental Biology: Ecology; Marine Biology; Field Botany and Zoology; 
Forestry (Cooperative Program); Environmental Management (Cooperative Pro- 
gram). 

Field trips to the College of Marine Studies, University of Delaware, and the 
University of Georgia Marine Institute, Sapelo Island, Georgia, are made by 
students involved in the Marine Biology and Ecology programs. Students in the 
cooperative forestry and environmental management programs visit Duke Univer- 
sity each year. Freshwater pond and forest ecosystems which are used for 
ecological study are located on the campus at Kreiderheim. Wilderness areas 
which include the transition zone between southern and northern forests occur 
within a few miles of campus. Flooded limestone quarries are available for 
students who desire more intensive training in aquatic ecology and/or limnology. 

Internships in a number of ecologically related areas have been arranged with 
local industries and municipal governmental agencies. On occasion these lead 
directly to future employment. 

The faculty of the department of biology includes professors specifically 
trained in and actively engaged in research in the areas of marine biology, 
ecology, plant taxonomy, animal taxonomy, and plant physiology. All hold 
doctoral degrees in their area of specialty and all involve students in their research 
efforts. The result has been an unusually high degree of achievement in student 
research projects, a number of which have been published in prominent scientific 
journals. 

It is the experience of the department that students well trained in all areas of 
science who have an understanding of mathematical methods, chemical 
techniques, and biological theory meet with the greatest success both in finding 
employment and in their future graduate work. Therefore a well-balanced pro- 
gram of courses in science is stressed with emphasis on those important for 
environmental biology, and students in these areas are encouraged to obtain a 
biology major. However, if a student wishes his/her major to be in a more 
specialized area such as Marine Biology, this can be arranged through the 
College's Individualized Major Program. 
Advisers: Dr. Williams, Dr. Paul Wolf 

MERRILL-PALMER INSTITUTE SEMESTER 

Usually during their junior year, selected students may spend a semester in 
Detroit, Michigan, at the renowned Merrill-Palmer Institute, enrolled for courses 

27 



and involved in a practicum experience, either working v^^ith children or with 
community organization. The theme of the study program is "Children and 
Families in Urban Communities." In the student residences small groups from 
many different colleges and universities and from all sections of the United States 
participate cooperatively in the management and social affairs of their houses, 
with 12-18 persons in each residence. 
Adviser: Dr. Lasky 

WASHINGTON SEMESTER PROGRAM 

Students at Lebanon Valley College are eligible to participate in the Washing- 
ton Semester Program which is offered in cooperation with American University 
in Washington, D. C. This includes the study of the American governmental and 
political system as a whole (the Washington Semester), the urban polity and 
intergovernmental decision-making in urban affairs (the Washington Urban 
Semester], American foreign policy formulation and implementation (the Foreign 
Policy Semester], and international development (the International Development 
Semester]. Students in the first two programs take a seminar, which includes 
meetings with public officials, political figures, private interest group representa- 
tives, and other knowledgeable persons; an individual research project deter- 
mined in consultation with instructors at Lebanon Valley and American Univer- 
sity; and either an elective course at the university or an internship program 
arranged with a political or administrative office in Washington. The Foreign 
Policy Semester and the International Development semester are modules, ex- 
pected to occupy the student's full academic time. 

The program is open to juniors and seniors in any major field who have at 
least a 2.5 average, have had the basic courses in American national government, 
and are recommended by the chairman of the department of history and political 
science. Two students from the college will be selected each November by 
American University to participate in the following spring semester. Students in 
the program have the same status as full-time undergraduates at American 
University and will receive full credit for one semester's work toward their degree 
at Lebanon Valley College. 
Adviser: Dr. Geffen 

ACADEMIC PROCEDURES 
Registration and Pre-Registration 

Students are required to register for classes on official registration days and 
on designated pre-registration days of each semester. Information concerning the 
dates for official registration and pre-registration is listed in the college calendar, 
page 2. 

Late Registration and Pre-Registration 

Students registering later than the days and hours specified will be charged a 
late registration fee of ten dollars. Students desiring to register later than one week 
after the opening of the semester will be admitted only by special permission of 
the assistant dean of the college and registrar. Students who do not pre-register 
during the designated time will be charged a late pre-registration fee of ten 
dollars. 

Change of Registration 

Change of registration, including pass/fail elections, when necessary, must be 
made over the signature of the adviser. In most instances registration for a course 
will not be permitted after the course has been in session for one full week. With 
the permission of his adviser, a student may withdraw from a course at any time 

28 



through the last day of classes of the semester. (See page 22 for grading policy.) A 
fee of $5.00 is charged for every change of course made at the student's request 
after registration. 

Orientation for New Students 

A spring orientation day is held annually for incoming students. At this time 
the activities include a general orientation to the college, counseling with 
academic advisers, and pre-registration for courses. Special sessions for parents 
are a vital part of the program. 

An orientation period of several days at the beginning of the college year is 
provided to help new^ students, both freshmen and transfers, to become familiar 
with their academic surroundings. This time is devoted to lectures, social 
activities, and informal meetings with upperclassmen and members of the faculty. 

During the first semester all freshmen and transfer students are required to 
participate in an orientation course which includes a series of lectures and 
discussions on college procedures, campus activities, and methods of study. 

Discontinuance of Course 

The college reserves the right to withdraw or discontinue any course for 
which an insufficient number of students have registered. 

Repetition of Courses 

No student shall be permitted to repeat for credit, grade, or quality points a 
course for which he has already received a passing grade. 

If a course on campus or staffed by Lebanon Valley College at the University 
Center at Harrisburg is failed but is later repeated and passed at either location, the 
failure is ignored in calculation of cumulative grade-point averages in the 
semester in which the course is passed or thereafter. The grade of F remains on the 
permanent record card, with an asterisk used to indicate that the course was 
repeated and passed. 

Concurrent Courses 

A student enrolled for a degree at Lebanon Valley College may not carry 
courses concurrently at any other institution without the prior consent of his 
adviser and the assistant dean of the college and registrar. Neither may a regular 
student carry work concurrently in evening. Weekend College, or extension 
courses without the prior permission of his adviser and the assistant dean of the 
college and registrar. 

A student registered at Lebanon Valley College may not obtain credit for 
courses taken in other colleges, including the University Center at Harrisburg, 
during the summer unless such courses have prior approval of his adviser and the 
assistant dean of the college and registrar. 

Auditing Courses 

Students are permitted to register to audit courses with the consent of the 
instructor and the academic adviser. Audited courses are counted in considering 
the course load relative to limit of hours (overload). The regular tuition fee is 
charged to part-time students. Neither grade nor credit is given either at the time 
the course is audited or thereafter. A grade of AU (Audit) will not be entered on 
the student's permanent record card if he seldom attended classes. A change of 
registration from credit to audit or from audit to credit must be accomplished by 
the end of the fifth week of classes of the semester. 

29 



Faculty Advisers 

Each student is assigned a faculty adviser who serves in the capacity of 
friendly counselor. 

The initial selection of a major may be indicated or recorded any time before 
the end of the student's sophomore year. Such a choice of major must be made by 
the time of registration for the junior year. A student shall be accepted as a major 
in a department so long as he has not demonstrated (by achieving less than the 
minimum grade-point average in the desired major) that he is incapable of doing 
satisfactory work in the department. The chairman or another adviser of the 
department in which the student has elected to major becomes the adviser for that 
student. The adviser's approval is necessary before a student may register for or 
withdraw from any course, select or change his pass/fail elections, or change 
registration from credit to audit or from audit to credit. 

Arrangement of Schedules 

Each student arranges his course of study and his class schedule in consulta- 
tion with, and by approval of, his faculty adviser. Students already in attendance 
do this during pre-registration periods. New students accomplish this on the 
spring orientation day. 

Limit of Hours 

To be classified as full-time, a student must take at least twelve semester hours 
of work. Sixteen semester hours of academic work is the maximum permitted 
without approval of the adviser and special permission of the assistant dean of the 
college and registrar. Audited courses are counted in determining the course load. 

The privilege of carrying extra hours will be granted only for compelling 
reasons and only when a minimum 3.0 grade-point average has been achieved in 
the previous semester or the student's cumulative grade-point average is at least 
3.0. 

Academic Classification 

Students are classified academically at the beginning of each year. Member- 
ship in the sophomore, junior, or senior classes is granted to those students who 
have earned a minimum of 28, 56, or 84 semester hours credit respectively. 

All entrance deficiencies must be removed before the academic-status of 
sophomore is granted. 

Counseling and Placement 

Lebanon Valley College recognizes as part of its responsibility to its students 
the need for providing sound educational, vocational, and personal counseling. 
Measures of interest, ability, aptitude, and personality, in addition to other 
counseling techniques, are utilized in an effort to help each student come to a 
fuller realization of his capabilities and personality. An important part of the 
counseling program consists of a series of lectures and discussions conducted as a 
non-credit orientation course for new students. 

Placement services are provided by the college for aiding students in 
procuring part-time employment while in college and in obtaining positions upon 
graduation. A current file is maintained which contains information about 
positions in various companies and institutions, teaching, civil service oppor- 
tunities and examinations, entrance to professional schools, assistantships, and 
fellowships. Representatives of business, industry, and educational institutions 
visit the campus annually to interview seniors for prospective employment. A file 
of credentials and activities of those students availing themselves of the services is 
available to prospective employers. Graduates may keep their individual files 
active by reporting additional information to the director of placement. 

Records of students' credentials in all areas of student activities are on file. 

30 



ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS 

The rules of the college are designed to provide for proper regulation of the 
academic community. The rules and regulations as stated in this bulletin are 
announcements and in no way serve as a contract betv^een the student and the 
college. Attendance at the college is a privilege and not a right. The student by his 
act of registration concedes to the college the right to require his withdrawal any 
time deemed necessary to safeguard the ideals of scholarship and character, and 
to secure compliance with regulations. It is expected that the conduct of all 
campus citizens will conform to accepted standards. All students are required to 
respond to comm.unications sent by any duly constituted authority of the college. 

Class Attendance 

Each student is held responsible for knowing and meeting all requirements 
for each course, including regular class attendance. Because of differences in 
various disciplines, specific regulations governing class attendance are set by 
each department, approved by the dean ot the college, and administered by the 
instructor. At the opening of each course the instructor will clearly inform the 
students of the regulations on class attendance. Violations of class attendance 
regulations will make the student liable to being dropped from the course with a 
failing grade, upon the recommendation of the instructor and with the approval of 
the assistant dean of the college. 

In case of absence from class because of illness and for most other reasons, the 
student speaks directly with the instructor concerning the absence, whether 
anticipated or not, even if an examination has been scheduled. The student 
informs the assistant dean of the college and registrar only if the absence could not 
be anticipated and the period of absence will be a week or more. The assistant 
dean of the college and registrar informs faculty members of students who will be 
absent from classes because of participation in official functions of the college. 
Students on academic probation are permitted only excused absences. 

Excused absences do not absolve the student from the necessity of fulfiUing 
all course requirements. 

Academic Dishonesty 

Instances of open and conclusive academic dishonesty are dealt with in 
accordance wth the following regulations: 

For the first offense the faculty member shall have the authority to fail the 
student in the course. 

For the second offense the student shall be failed in the course and additional 
action taken, up to and including expulsion from college, if deemed warranted by 
the dean of the college. 

For the third offense, if the second act of dishonesty did not warrant 
expulsion in the opinion of the dean of the college, the student shall be punished 
by failure in the course and expulsion from the college. 

Chapel-Convocation Program. 

A chapel-convocation program is held regularly each week. The weekly 
programs are augmented by additional events at other times during the semester. 
From the total of twenty-four programs each full-time student will select not less 
than twelve to fulfill his attendance requirement for the semester. For each 
unexcused absence, resulting in less than twelve attendances, one hour will be 
added to the hours required for graduation. 

Hazing 

Hazing is strictly prohibited. Any infringement by members of other classes 
upon the personal rights of freshmen as individuals is interpreted as hazing. 

31 



Cars and Student Parking 

All cars owned or operated by Lebanon Valley College students must be 
registered with the college center. Violations of established parking regulations 
will result in fines and may result in suspension or revocation of parking 
privileges. 

Transcripts 

Each student, former student, or graduate is entitled to one transcript of his 
college record without charge. For each copy after the first, a fee of two dollars is 
charged. 

Regulations Regarding Academic Probation, 
Suspension, Dismissal, Withdrawal 

A. Probation 

A student can be placed on academic probation by the dean of the college or 
suspended or dismissed if his academic standing fails to come up to the 
grade-point average shown in the following table: 

Suspension or 
Probation dismissal 

1st semester 1.25 

2nd semester 1.50 1.25 cumulative 

3rd semester 1.65 

4th semester 1.75 1.50 cumulative 

5th semester 1.75 

6th semester 1.75 1.65 cumulative 

7th & 8th semesters 1.75 in all courses 

A student placed on academic probation is notified of such status by the dean 
of the college and informed of the college regulations governing probationers. 
Students on probation are expected to regulate their work and their time so as to 
make a most determined effort to bring their performance up to the required 
standard. 

The extent of a probationer student's participation in extra-curricular ac- 
tivities and in non-credit courses shall be determined by a consensus of the 
student, the student's parents, and the dean of the college. (The dean shall consult 
wdth appropriate college personnel — e.g. adviser, instructors, dean of students, 
coaches.) All three of the primary parties in this decision shall express their views 
in writing. No student on academic probation can initiate or continue participa- 
tion in extra-curricular activities and/or non-credit courses prior to these consul- 
tations. 

B. Suspension 

1. A student who obviously fails to achieve at a level commensurate with his 
measured ability may be suspended for at least one semester. 

2. A student suspended for academic reasons is not eligible for reinstatement 
for at least one semester, preferably two. 

3. A student seeking reinstatement to Lebanon Valley College must apply in 
writing to the dean of the college. 

4. Students suspended for academic reasons are not permitted to register for 
work in the auxiliary schools except for the most compelling reasons and then 
only with the approval of the assistant dean of the college and registrar. 

5. A student may be suspended without a prior period on probation. 

6. A student twice suspended for academic reasons shall be considered for 
readmission, upon application, only if the following conditions are fulfilled: (a) 

32 



He shall present firm evidence of renewed interest and motivation, (b) He shall 
have completed a significant amount of transferrable academic work at an 
accredited institution subsequent to his second suspension, (c] He shall be 
readmitted on probationary status on recommendation of the appropriate 
academic department. The student shall achieve at such a level as will make likely 
the successful completion of his program or he will be subject to dismissal. 

C. Dismissal 

A student dismissed for academic reasons is not eligible for readmission. 

D. Withdrawal from College and Readmission 

Official withdrawal from the college is accomplished only by the completion 
of withdrawal forms obtained in the office of the assistant dean of the college and 
registrar. This is the sole responsibility of the student. 

Application for readmission will be considered only if the formal withdrawal 
procedure has been followed at the time of withdrawal. 




STUDENT ACTIVITIES 

THE RELIGIOUS LIFE 

Lebanon Valley College was founded as a Christian college and continues to 
be dedicated to its faith. All students are invited and urged to participate in some 
phase of religious activity. 

The Chapel-Convocation Program 

A series of twenty-four programs is held each semester from which each 
student selects a minimum of twelve to fulfill attendance requirements. These 
programs include chapel services and convocation programs that are held on 
Tuesday mornings, as well as cultural events selected by the Chapel-Convocation 
Committee. This committee, with equal representation from administration, 
faculty, and students, will announce the total chapel-convocation program at the 
beginning of each semester. 

Sunday Services 

The United Methodist Church and the other churches of the community 
extend a warm welcome to all college students who wish to attend Sunday 
worship. 

There are six congregations of different denominations in Annville itself. 
Other parishes of major religious groups not found in Annville are located within 
a five-mile radius of the college. 

PROJECT 

PROJECT is the all-campus organization which coordinates the activities of 
the various denominational religious groups on campus. It also provides programs 
and activities to fulfill the spiritual needs of the students and promotes the spirit 
of brotherhood in the college community. Throughout the year the organization 
sponsors all-campus retreats for fun, fellowship and relaxation. PROJECT also 
provides special seasonal services, opportunities for weekend work camps, 
presentations by guest speakers, films, dramas, and other types of programs. All 
students are welcome to assist in the planning and to participate in these 
activities. 

Denominational Organizations 

It is possible for the different denominations and faiths to organize their 
students into clubs or other type organizations. Each of these groups in turn elects 
one of its members to the Executive Board of PROJECT. 

Religious Emphasis Week 

This is one of the outstanding religious events of the school year. Notable 
speakers are invited to share their experiences with the student body through the 
chapel-convocation programs and personal interviews. Other features usually 
included in the activities of the week are a music program by a student group, and 
a movie or drama. 

The Balmer Showers Lectureship 

This annual lectureship was established and endowed by the late Bishop 
Emeritus J. Balmer Showers, '07, of the Evangelical United Brethren Church. 
Under the stipulations of the endowment, the lectures are delivered by distin- 
guished scholars of recognized leadership in the areas of Christian faith and the- 
ology, biblical archaeology and interpretation, and Christian ethics of the Chris- 
tian ministry. 

35 



Religion and Life Lectures 

The purpose of the Religion and Life Lectures is to deepen the student's 
understanding of some of the problems of life and the religious resources that are 
available to meet such problems. Currently, the Religion and Life Lectures and the 
Balmer Showers Lectures are coordinated into a series of three offerings at various 
times during the year. 

Delta Tau Chi 

Delta Tau Chi is an organization composed primarily of students who have 
decided to devote full-time service to church vocations. Membership is open, 
however, to all students who wish to participate in its activities and subscribe to 
its purpose. The group holds regularly scheduled meetings and daily meditations, 
sends deputations to churches, conducts programs at various hospitals and homes, 
and enters into other community projects. 

CAMPUS ORGANIZATIONS 
Social Organizations 

Five organizations endeavor to enrich the social program of the college by 
sponsoring social activities on the campus and in the community, and by 
broadening the experience of its members through group action. 
Delta Lambda Sigma 

Kappa Lambda Nu Knights of the Valley 

Kappa Lambda Sigma Phi Lambda Sigma 

Recognition Groups 

Students who have achieved scholastic distinction in their academic work or 
in certain areas are eligible for membership in honorary scholastic societies. 
Phi Alpha Epsilon Pi Gamma Mu 

Beta Beta Beta Psi Chi 

Honorary and Service Organizations 

Five organizations exist to bring recognition to deserving music students and 
participants in dramatic activities or to function as service organizations on the 
campus. 

Alpha Phi Omega Phi Mu Alpha 

Alpha Psi Omega Sigma Alpha Iota 

Gamma Sigma Sigma 

Publications 

Practical experience in management, writing, and editorial work is available 
to students through membership on the staff of the Quad, and the college 
yearbook, The Quittapahilla. 

Departmental Clubs 

Many departmental clubs provide opportunities for students to participate in 
supplemental department activities. At regular meetings reports on appropriate 
topics are presented and discussed. Other activities sponsored by the departmen- 
tal clubs include lectures by specialists in the club's particular field of interest, 
educational films, and field trips. 

Chemistry: American Chemical Society Mathematics: Industrial Mathematics 

Affiliate Society Affiliate 

Education: Childhood Education Club Modern Languages: Spanish Club 

Music: Student Chapter of the 

Music Educators National Conference 

36 



Special Interest Groups International Relations Club 

Art Club Jazz Band 

Chess Club Photography Club 

Ice Hockey Club Ski Club 

Dramatics and Music 

An opportunity to develop dramatic and musical talents under qualified lead- 
;rship is offered to the students of Lebanon Valley College by the following 
)rganizations. 

]hapel Choir Symphonic Band 

College Chorus Symphony Orchestra 

]oncert Choir Wig and Buckle Club 

juild Student Group Wind Ensemble 
(American Guild of Organists) 

:ULTURAL OPPORTUNITIES 

Lebanon Valley College offers cultural programs in the form of the Great 
\rtists Series, concerts by students, faculty members, and musical organizations 
n the department of music, and lectures sponsored by the various departments of 
he college. In addition, the neighboring communities of Harrisburg, Hershey and 
.ebanon offer concerts, lectures, and other cultural activities throughout the year. 

STUDENT GOVERNMENT 

Within the program and operation of Lebanon Valley College, there is a wdde 
:ommitment to the principle of shared governance. In this commitment, various 
ireas of student life come under the jurisdiction of student government in varying 
degrees as that part of the total campus governance system has been developed 
Dver a period of time. 

The representative organizations described below are privileged to conduct 
he affairs of the student body of Lebanon Valley College under their separate 
responsibilities in such manner as to guide and promote the affairs of the students 
md as to refrain from acting contrary to local, state, and federal law^s and to the 
Student Conduct Code as defined in the L-Book. 

Student Council 

The Student Council seeks to foster understanding and cooperation among 
he students, faculty, and administration of Lebanon Valley College. It is the 
'esponsibility of the Student Council to serve as the central clearing house for all 
'ecommendations and grievances emanating from the student body and to make 
recommendations for altering or establishing policy to the appropriate administra- 
:ive office or faculty committees. The Student Council also coordinates student 
ictivities and provides for the financing of those activities. It is composed of 
eighteen members. 

Student Judicial Board 

The Student Judicial Board is responsible for the investigating and/or ad- 
udicating alleged infractions of the Student Conduct Code. It is composed of eight 
9lected students, eight selected students, and non-student members appointed by 
the president of the college. 

[udicial Appeals Board 

The Judicial Appeals Board hears appeals from students on decisions ren- 
dered by the Student Judicial Board and/or sanctions imposed by the Dean of 

37 



Students. It is composed of four students, three faculty members, and three 
administrators. 

i 

Position Statement 

The primary concern of the College in regard to the social life of its students is 
to provide an atmosphere which stimulates scholarship and personal growth. It 
attempts to provide the privacy and peace necessary for study, and to encourage 
the individual to take as much responsibility as possible for his/her own behavior, 
so that the rights of others to privacy, peace and property are not infringed. 

As guidelines for the behavior deemed conducive to scholarship and develop- 
ing sensitivity to the restraints of community living, the College recognizes the 
position taken by the United Methodist Church, to which it is affiliated, and by the 
Commonw^ealth of Pennsylvania. The Discipline of that church firmly opposes the 
misuse of drugs and affirms its long-standing recommendation of abstention from 
alcoholic beverages because of the spiritual, physical, and social harm such 
practices may produce. The College endorses this position and strongly discour- 
ages the use of drugs and alcoholic beverages by its students. The laws of the 
Commonwealth of Pennsylvania prohibit the possession and use of all illegal 
drugs and the possession and use of alcoholic beverages by minors (presently 
defined as those prior to their twenty -first birthday]. The College fully supports 
the laws of the state, and acknowledges the rights of enforcement of these laws by 
civil authority. 

Most of the success of any community in establishing a harmonious and 
productive atmosphere rests on the voluntary cooperation of its members. In the 
event, however, of failure of individuals to respect the rights and privileges of 
others and of the institution, the offenders against the community will be subject 
to penalties designated by the appropriate student government agencies and/or 
administrative office. 



STUDENT CONDUCT CODE 

The complete Student Conduct Code appears in the L-Book. Several provi- 
sions of that code that require emphasis are given here in order to prevent 
misunderstanding on the part of all prospective students. A violation of the 
Student Conduct Code occurs when a student: 

1. Limits or restricts the freedom of any member of the campus community 
to move about in a lawful manner. 

2. Creates or participates in a disturbance that infringes upon the individ- 
ual's right to privacy. 

3. Enters or uses facilities or property of the College or another person 
without authorization from the appropriate College official or person. 

4. Misuses, removes, damages fire or safety equipment. 

5. Uses or possesses firearms, explosives (including firecrackers) or other 
dangerous articles or substances potentially injurious to persons or property. 

6. Possesses and/or consumes alcoholic beverages on any property owned 
by Lebanon Valley College. 

7. Possesses, distributes, sells, or is under the influence of narcotics, 
hallucinogenics, dangerous drugs, or controlled substances except as permitted 
by law. 

8. Intentionally obstructs the administrative or academic operation and 
functions of the College. 

9. Visits in an individual's dormitory room at times and under conditions 
that are prohibited by institutional policy. [See L-Book] 

10. Keeps pets in College buildings or on College grounds unless prior 
approval by the Dean of Students has been given. 

38 



ATHLETICS AND RECREATION 

Lebanon Valley College maintains a full program of intramural and intercol- 
legiate athletic activities. Intramural leagues and tournaments are conducted in 
the various sports for men and women. 

The college participates in ten intercollegiate sports for men (baseball, 
basketball, cross-country, football, golf, lacrosse, soccer, track, wrestling and ten- 
nis] and three for women (basketball, hockey and lacrosse). 

Lebanon Valley College is a member of the following national and regional 
athletic associations; National Collegiate Athletic Association, Middle Atlantic 
States Collegiate Athletic Conference, Eastern College Athletic Conference, the 
Central Pennsylvania Field Hockey Association, and the Penn-Mar Conference for 
women. 

Aims and Objectives of Intercollegiate Athletics 

Lebanon Valley College supports its intercollegiate athletics program because 
it offers its students an opportunity to participate in activities that afford an outlet 
for competitive spirit and vitality, while further providing each student with an 
opportunity to develop, understand and appreciate the values of teamwork, pride, 
morale, dedication, physical fitness and school spirit. 




39 



COURSES OF STUDY 



1 



GENERAL INFORMATION '] 

Course Numbering System 

The first digit of the three-digit course number indicates the academic year in 
which the course is normally taken. Thus, a course is normally taken in the senior 
year if the first digit is 4, in the junior year if it is 3, in the sophomore year if it is 2, 
and in the freshman year if it is 1. (A first digit of 1 may also indicate that the 
course may be taken by freshmen even though it is usually taken by sophomores, 
juniors or seniors.) A first digit of 5 is employed for courses in private music 
instruction and independent study courses. Course numbers for music organiza- 
tions have 6 as a first digit. The same number is used each time a student enrolls in 
a course whose first digit is 5 or 6. 

A course is offered in the first semester if the third digit is an odd number, in 
the second semester if the third digit is an even number. A course with as a third 
digit is a one-semester course offered in both semesters. 

A comma separating the numbers of two courses with a common title 
indicates that the first course (offered in the first semester) is a prerequisite to the 
second course (offered in the second semester). A slash (/) separating the numbers 
of two courses with a common title indicates that the first course is not a 
prerequisite for the second course. 

A course is offered every year if an academic year is not included. 

Course Credit 

Semester hours of credit, class hours per week, and laboratory hours per week 
are indicated by three numbers at the end of the line containing the course number 
and title. For example, "4:3:4" for Biology 201 means four semester hours of 
credit, three classroom hours per week, and four laboratory hours per week. 



ART 

Associate Professor Iskowitz, Chairman; Adjunct Professor Wise 

110. Introduction to Art. 3:3:0. Either semester. 

Students are introduced to the two and three dimensional arts, including architecture, 
which are analyzed in an attempt to understand the nature of art through structure, the 
characteristics of media, and content. The importance of shaping individual perception is 
stressed in order to show how the observer plays an active role in his appreciation of a work 
of art. 

140. Drawing, Painting and Printmaking. 3:4:0. Either semester. 

Problems provide an opportunity for students to develop their creative ability. An ex- 
ploration of the inherent qualities of various media, techniques and tools is undertaken 
through active involvement in studio. The staff reserves the right to select one example of 
each student's work for its permanent collection. 

Prerequisite: Art 110. 

201. Art history I, Pre-history through the Middle Ages. 

3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1980-1981. 

Representative examples in painting, sculpture, and architecture of the major cultures 
of successive historic periods are considered. Stress is given to the interaction of factors 
influencing the various forms of visual expressions. 

Prerequisite: Art 110. 

40 



203. Art History II, Renaissance to Twentieth Century. 

3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1979-1980. 

Study of the major forms of the visual arts representative of the Renaissance and 
succeeding centuries as expressed both by the individual and major schools. These viewed 
in terms of degree of reflection of the social, ideological, and economic foci of the period. 

Prerequisite: Art 110. 

401. Art in the Elementary School. 3:3:0. First semester. 

Survey of theories of art education and of programs of creative process activities 
adaptive to the various levels of maturation at pre-school and the elementary levels. Studio 
experience employing a variety of media and techniques is offered to give experience and 
understanding to the problems involved. Practical knovuledge of process, approaches to dis- 
play, and trends in evaluation of process are presented through lecture, discussion, demon- 
stration, visual aids, supplementary reading. 



BIOCHEMISTRY 



Advisers: Assistant Professors Moe and Pollack 

The major in biochemistry is an interdisciplinary program u^hich provides an 
opportunity for interested students to engage in a comprehensive study of the 
chemical basis of biological processes. The program prescribes, in low^er level 
courses, both a rigorous development in basic chemical principles and a broad- 
based introduction to biological systems. Upper level courses provide for an 
integrated study of biochemistry, molecular biology, and physiology. 

The biochemistry major is designed to prepare students for advanced study in 
medical, dental, and other professional schools, for graduate programs in a variety 
of areas including biochemistry, clinical chemistry, pharmacology, molecular 
biology, genetics, microbiology, and physiology, and for research positions in 
industrial, academic, and government laboratories. 

Major: Biology 111, 112, 201, 202, and/or 306, 307, 401 (24 hours); Biochemis- 
try 421, 422, 430, 480 (9 hours); Chemistry 111, 112, 213, 214, 216, 311, 312, 319 
(27 hours); Mathematics 161, 162 or 166 (6 hours); Physics 103 or 111, 104 or 112 
(8 hours). 

Degree: For the student w^ho majors in biochemistry the B.S. degree is offered. 



BIOLOGY 



Professor Wolf, Chairman; Associate Professor Wolfe; Assistant Professors Hen- 
ninger, Pollack, Verhoek, and Williams. Adjunct Instructor Costello. 

The work outlined in the following courses in biology is intended to develop 
an appreciation of man's relation to his universe, to acquaint students with those 
fundamental concepts necessary for the proper interpretation of the phenomena 
manifested by the living things with which they are surrounded, and to lay a 
foundation for specialization in professional courses in biology. 

The courses are designed to prepare students for the work in professional 
schools, schools for medical technologists, hospital schools for training of nurses, 
for graduate work in colleges and universities, for teaching the biological sciences 
in high schools, and for assistantships in university and experiment station 
laboratories in the departments of agriculture and other government agencies. 

Major: Biology 111, 112, 201, 302 or 307, 411 or 412; one course each in the 
general areas of physiology, cellular and subcellular biology, and morphology; 
and four additional hours of biology for a minimum of 33 hours. Also required are 
two years of chemistry; Physics 103, 104, or 111, 112; and Mathematics 161. 

41 



Degrees: For the student who majors in biology, the B.S. degree is offered; for 
the student who completes the major in medical technology, the B.S. in Medical 
Technology degree is offered; and for the student who completes the major in 
nursing, the B.S. in Nursing degree is offered. 

DEPARTMENTAL HONORS 

The departmental honors program in biology is open to students of junior and 
senior status who have demonstrated superior scholastic ability in formal courses 
as well as the potential to complete successfully an original independent research 
project. A candidate for departmental honors will be assigned to a faculty member 
who will direct his research problem. Two weeks prior to the close of the second 
semester of his senior year, the candidate will submit a thesis based on his 
laboratory investigations and defend it before an examining committee chosen by 
the research sponsor. Following successful completion of the defense, the candi- 
date's record will be reviewed by the examining committee, whereupon a decision 
will be made concerning a recommendation to the dean of the college that the 
candidate graduate with departmental honors. 

101/102. Introduction to Biology I, H. 3:2:2 per semester. 

These courses, designed for the non-science major, place emphasis on the mastery of 
certain biological principles which are inherent in living material. These principles are then 
applied to specific organisms with special stress placed on the study of human biology. 

The laboratory includes exercises in anatomy, physiology, embryology, genetics, and 
ecology. 

111/112. General Biology I, II.* 4:3:4 per semester. 

An attempt is made to familiarize the student with some of the basic concepts of the 
physical sciences necessary for the understanding of modern biology. Basic biological 
principles are stressed as related to the major subdivisions of the biological sciences. 

201. Genetics. 4:3:4. First semester. 

The central theme of this course is the mastery of the universal properties of the 
mechanism of heredity. The laboratory stresses the demonstration of the key concepts of 
heredity utilizing both a classical and a molecular approach. 

Prerequisites: Biology 111 and one year of chemistry. 

202. Animal Physiology. 4:3:4. Second semester. 

A study of the principles of vertebrate body function. Emphasis is placed upon the 
mechanisms by which cells and organs perform their functions and the interaction of the 
various organs in maintaining total body function. 

Prerequisites: Biology 101 or 112. 

302. Survey of the Plant Kingdom. 4:2:4. Second semester. 

The diversity and differentiation of plants and the relationships between them will be 
stressed. Field and laboratory work will familiarize the student with the morphology of 
lower plants and with the identification and ecology of gymnosperms and angiosperms on 
campus and in the local flora. 

Prerequisites: Biology 111/112 or permission of the instructor. 

304. Developmental Biology. 4:3:4. Second semester. 

The study of basic descriptive phenomena in the development of typical invertebrate 
and vertebrate embryos will be extended into consideration of modern embryological 
problems. 

305. Vertebrate Histology and Microtechnique. 4:3:4. First semester. 

Microscopic anatomy of vertebrate tissues illustrating basic tissue similarities and 
specialization in relation to function. The laboratory work includes the preparation of slides 
utilizing routine histological and histochemical techniques. 



*Unless otherwise noted. Biology 111/112 are prerequisites for all biology courses beyond 
112. 

42 



06. Microbiology. 4:3:4. Second semester. 

A basic study of the morphology, physiology, and biochemistry of representative 
licroorganisms. 

07. Plant Physiology. 4:2:4. First semester. 

The functioning of plants and plant systems with emphasis on vascular plants, 
'rocesses w^ill be studied at the biophysical, biochemical, cellular and organismal levels, 
structural background at all levels will be included. 

Prerequisite: One semester of organic ciiemistry or permission of the instructor. 

08. Comparative Chordate Anatomy. 4:3:4. Second semester. 

The anatomy of the chordates is studied from a comparative viewpoint with particular 
ttention given to the correlation of structure to living conditions. Laboratory work involves 
[issection and demonstration of representative chordates. 

09. Fundamentals of Ecology. 4:2:4. First semester. 

The fundamental concepts of ecology are examined with emphasis placed on the 
nteraction between organisms and their biological and physical environment in selected 
cosystems — freshwater, marine, and terrestrial. Field trips will be taken to selected areas, 
laboratory work will be conducted on problems associated with varius types of ecosys- 
3ms. 

Prerequisites: Biology 112 or permission of the instructor. 

01. Molecular Biology. 4:2:4. First semester. 

A molecular approach to the study of the organization and function of the cell. 
For senior or junior majors who have completed at least two years of chemistry, or by 
ermission of the instructor. 

02. Invertebrate Zoology. 4:2:4. Second semester. 

Through the use of a systemic approach, the morphology and physiology of representa- 
ves of most of the invertebrate phyla are studied. This approach centers around the 
Dllowing areas: movement, metabolism, information and control, reproduction, and associ- 
tion between animals. 

09. Quantitative Ecology. 4:1:6. First semester. 

An intense study of basic ecological processes emphasizing quantitative field work at 
opulation and community levels in related freshwater, marine, and terrestial ecosystems. 

Prerequisites: Biology 302 or 307, and 309; Chemistry 214; Computer Programming 
10; Mathematics 170; or permission of instructor. 

11/412. Biology Seminar I, II. 1:1:0 or 2:2:0 per semester. 

Reading, discussions, and reports on special topics in biology. 

51/452. Special Problems I, II. 1:0:3 — 3:0:9 per semester. 

Designed for those students who have had most of the courses required for their major 
ut who may have a special need for experience in fields not listed in the course offerings of 
tie department. Students interested in a course in marine biology should elect Biology 
51/452 in their senior year. 

Prerequisite: Permission of staff. 

53/454. Special Topics in Nursing I, 11. 1-3 hours credit per semester. 

(Maximum of 9 hours credit) 

Research and a detailed report on a topic of interest relating to the nursing profession. 

bpics may include aspects of special types of nursing health care, the epidemiology of a 

larticular disease, mental disorders, social issues in health care, or any other pertinent topic. 

00. Independent Study. 1:0:3 — 3:0:9 per semester. 

(Maximum of 9 hours credit.) 
Limited to students majoring in biology who have had ample courses in the depart- 
lent and whose records indicate that they can be encouraged to take part in research or can 
/ork independently on research problems in which they have a special interest. Biology 500 
lay lead to Departmental Honors for qualified students. See page 44 for information on the 
lepartmental Honors Program. 

Prerequisite: Permission of staff. 

43 



] 



CHEMISTRY 

Professor Neidig, Chairman; Professors Lockwood and Spencer; Associate Pro- 
fessor Bailey; Assistant Professors Bell, and Moe 

The aims of the department are (1) to provide students majoring in chemistry 
rigorous training in the principles and applications of modern chemistry; (2) to 
provide students interested in the teaching profession an opportunity to become 
acquainted with the teaching of science; and (3) to offer students interested in 
advanced study or in industrial employment professional training in chemistry. 

Major: Chemistry 111, 112, 213, 214, 216, 311, 312, 314, 315, 316, 319, 321, 
322, and four hours of 500; Mathematics 161, 162; Physics 111 and 112 for a total of 
52 hours. 

B.S. in Chemistry (certified by the American Chemical Society): Chemistry 
111, 112, 213, 214, 216, 311, 312, 314, 315, 316, 319, 321, 322,411,412,413,414, 
and 4 hours of 500; Mathematics 161, 162; Physics 111 and 112 for a total of 64 
hours. 

Degrees: For the student who majors in chemistry, the B.S. and B.S. in 
Chemistry degrees are offered. 

For outline of program leading to the degree of B.S. in Chemistry, see page 96. 

DEPARTMENTAL HONORS 

Juniors and seniors may participate in the departmental honors program if 
they have demonstrated a high scholastic ability and proficiency in both experi- 
mental and theoretical chemistry. To be recommended for departmental honors, a 
student is required: (1) to submit a thesis based on extensive laboratory investiga- 
tion of an original problem; and (2) to defend the thesis before an appropriate 
examining committee. 

101. Chemistry as Science and Technology. 3:3:0. First semester. 

A semi-quantitative presentation of the basic concepts of chemistry de- 
signed to give the student some understanding of the role of chemistry as science 
and technology in society today and tomorrow. 

102. Chemistry, The Individual, and Society. 3:3:0. Second semester. 

The course will attempt to show the relationship of chemistry to other disciplines, as 
well as to government and politics. A problem or question would be presented, and facts and 
information from pertinent disciplines brought to bear to enable the students to reach a ra- 
tional solution. 

103. Experimental Chemistry. 1:0:3. First semester. 

A laboratory course designed to give the student opportunities to establish a problem, 
develop laboratory experiments to conduct investigations, make observations, collect data, 
process data, apply data to problem, and suggest further experimentation if needed. 

Prerequisite or corequisite: Chemistry 101. 

104. Chemical Investigation. 1:0:3. Second semester. 

The laboratory course will emphasize the analysis, characterization, and evaluation 
of products from the everyday life of the student. These investigations would be both quali- 
tative and quantitative. 

Prerequisite or corequisite: Chemistry 102. 

111,112. Principles of Chemistry I, II. 4:3:3 per semester. 

A systematic study of the fundamental principles and concepts of chemistry. 

200. Special Topics. 1-3 hours credit. Either semester. 

Designed for those students who have a special need for a laboratory, lecture, and/or 
reading experience involving content and/or approach significantly different from the 

44 



course offerings of the department. Open to any student with permission of staff of the 
department. 

216. Laboratory Investigations I. 1:0:4 or 2:0:8. Second semester. 

Investigations of methods of synthesis and analysis of organic compounds including 
some physical-organic studies. 

Prerequisite: Chemistry 213. 
Corequisite: Chemistry 214. 

311, 312. Physical Chemistry I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. 

A course in the physical theories of matter and their applications to systems of 
variable composition. 

Prerequisites: Chemistry 214, Mathematics 162, and Physics 112. 

314. Instrumental Analysis. 3:3:0. Second semester. 

A consideration of the use of instrumental analytical methods including spec- 
trophotometric, electroanalytical, coulometry, and polargraphy. 
Prerequisites: Chemistry 311 and 319. 
Corequisite: Chemistry 312. 

315, 316. Laboratory Investigations II, III. 1:0:4 per semester. 

Use of instrumental techniques for investigating chemical systems. 
Prerequisites: Chemistry 214 and 216. 
Corequisites: Chemistry 311, 312. 

319. Chemical Equilibria. 4:3:4. First semester. 

A rigorous mathematical description of the role of a chemical equilibrium in chemical 
systems emphasizing reactions involving ionic substances and using modern analytical 
methods. 

Prerequisites: Chemistry 214 and 216. 

321, 322. Laboratory Investigations IV, V. 1:0:4 per semester. 

Physical-chemical investigations of chemical systems. 
Corequisite: Chemistry 311 or 312. 

411, 412. Advanced Inorganic Chemistry I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. 

An advanced course applying theoretical principles to the understanding of the 
descriptive chemistry of the elements. 
Prerequisite: Chemistry 312. 

413. Advanced Analytical Chemistry. 3:3:0. First semester. 

A study of advanced topics in analytical chemistry. 
Prerequisites: Chemistry 312 and 314. 

414. Advanced Organic Chemistry. 3:3:0. Second semester. 

A consideration of the structure of organic compounds and the mechanisms of 
homogeneous organic reactions. 

Prerequisites: Chemistry 214, 216, and 312. 

213, 214. Organic Chemistry I, II. 4:3:4. First semester. 

3:3:0. Second semester. 

An introduction to the structure, nomenclature, and properties of the major classes of 
organic compounds with emphasis on the principles and reaction mechanisms describing 
their behavior. 

Prerequisite: Chemistry 112. 

421, 422. Biochemistry I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. 

A course in the physical and organic aspects of living systems. 

Prerequisites: Chemistry 214, 216, and 312 or approval of the departmental chairman. 

425. Qualitative Organic Analysis. 2:0:8. First semester. 

Presentation of the principles and methods of organic analysis. 
Prerequisites: Chemistry 214 and 216. 

45 



426. Advanced Physical Chemistry. 3:3:0. Second semester. 

A presentation of advanced topics in chemistry from such areas as quantum 
mechanics, thermodynamics, and kinetics. 
Prerequisite: Chemistry 312. 

427. Clinical Chemistry. 3:3:0. First semester. 

A study of the chemical properties, pathological significance, and experimental 
determinations of clinically important metabolities. 
Prerequisites: Chemistry 312, 314, and 316. 
Corequisite: Chemistry 421. 

430. Biochemistry Laboratory. 1:0:4. Either semester. 

Investigations of the properties of proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, and lipids. 
Prerequisites: Chemistry 214 and 216. 

431, 432. Clinical Chemistry Seminar I, 11. 1:1:0 per semester. 

A discussion of topics relevant to the applications of chemistry in a clinical laboratory. 
Prerequisite or corequisite: Chemistry 427. 

440, Laboratory Investigations VIL 4:0:16. Either semester. 

Investigations of clinical chemical procedures, methodology, and instrumentation. 
Work to be carried out in a hospital laboratory. 

Prerequisite or corequisite: Chemistry 427 and approval of the departmental chairman. 

480. Biochemistry Seminar. 1:1:0 per semester. 

Readings, discussions, and reports on special topics in biochemistry. 

490. Internship. 1-6 hours credit. Either semester. 

Supervised Chemistry laboratory experience in an industry, government agency, or 
hospital. Participants will be selected by members of the department. 
Prerequisite: Chemistry 312 and 322. 

500. Independent Study. 2:0:8 or 3:0:12 per semester. 

(Maximum of 9 hours credit, for students enrolled 
in the departmental honors program.) 
Intensive library and laboratory study of special interest to advanced students in the 
major areas of chemistry. For students majoring in biochemistry, intensive library and 
laboratory study of relevant research problems in the area of biochemistry. For students 
preparing for secondary school teaching, the emphasis is placed on methods of teaching 
chemistry. 

Prerequisite: Chemistry 311, 312, and the consent of the chairman of the department. 



COMPUTER PROGRAMMING 

Assistant Professor Burras. 

110. Introduction to Timesharing. 5 weeks. 0:1:0. Either semester. 

An introduction to timesharing and language concepts with an emphasis on the use of 
the LVC PDP 11/40 computer system. 

150. BASIC-PLUS Programming. 10 weeks. 1:2:3. Either semester. 

A study of the BASIC-PLUS language to include strings, matrices and functions as w^ell 
as traditional algorithms demonstrating search and sort techniques. 

Prerequisite: Computer Programming 110 or permission of the instructor. 

170. Computers and Programming. 3:3:0 

An introduction to the techniques of computer programming and to the designs, uses, 
capabilities, and implications of computers. 

Note: Fortran IV is available but will not be taught in these courses. Students who 
have taken CP 150 will receive only two semester hours of credit for CP 170. 

46 



ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS 
ADMINISTRATION 

Associate Professor Knight, Chairman; Professor Tom; Adjunct Associate Pro- 
fessor Gates; Assistant Professors Fletcher, Krebs, and Stone 

The aim of Lebanon Valley College is to give its students the opportunity to 
procure a liberal education of the highest quality. Thus within this general 
objective of the college, the program of study in the Department of Economics and 
Business Administration is designed to provide for majors in accounting, business 
administration, and economics: 

1. A broad and liberal education so that graduates of this department will 
play a more active role in our changing world of ideas and actions; and 

2. A sound and integrated knowledge of the essential principles and prob- 
lems of business administration, accounting, and economics. 

Majors: For the student majoring in accounting, or business administration, or 
economics, a common core of requirements includes: Accounting 151; Business 
Administration 100 and 180; Economics 110, 120, 201, and 221; and Accounting 
490 or Business Administration 490 or Economics 490, plus 12 additional credit 
hours in the department of which 6 credit hours must be in the major area, for a 
minimum of 36 hours.* 

Degree: For the student who majors in accounting, or business administration 
or economics, the B.S. degree is offered. 

For an outline of the suggested program in economics and business adminis- 
tration, see page 97. 

DEPARTMENTAL HONORS 

The purpose of the departmental honors program is to provide opportunity 
for capable students to undertake advanced academic work independently under 
the supervision of one or more members of the department. 

In order to participate in the departmental honors program, the applicant is 
required to: 

1. demonstrate in his academic work the caliber of scholarship required to 
undertake extensive research projects, 

2. apply for and receive permission for such participation from the departmental 
chairman and from the dean of the college no later than the end of the first 
semester of the junior year, 

3. obtain departmental approval of a research project, 

4. prepare a paper on the research project under the guidance of one or more staff 
members of the department, 

5. submit the paper in March of the senior year, and 

6. present and defend the paper before a faculty committee selected by the 
departmental chairman and the dean of the college. 

On the basis of the student's performance in this program, the departmental 
chairman and the dean of the college will determine whether or not the student 
will be graduated with departmental honors. 



*Effective January 1977. Students enrolled in the program prior to this date will be 
permitted to complete the requirements as listed when they first entered the program or the 
requirements listed above. 

47 



ACCOUNTING 

151. Principles of Financial Accounting. 3:3:0. First semester. 

A beginning course in accounting. Common business transactions are recorded in 
various journals and summarized in general and subsidiary ledgers. The effects of these 
transactions are reported in classified financial statements. 

152. Principles of Managerial Accounting. 3:3:0. Second semester. 

Emphasis is placed on the accumulation and analysis of financial data for management 
purposes. 

Prerequisite: Accounting 151. 

251. Intermediate Accounting I. 3:3:0. First semester. 

An advanced course in accounting principles stressing statement presentation and 
valuation problems in piesenting assets, liabilities, and stockholder's equity on the state- 
ments. 

Prerequisite: Accounting 152. 

252. Intermediate Accounting II. 3:3:0. Second semester. 

Emphasis is placed on the analysis of financial statements, effects of error on 
statements, preparation of funds flow statements, and price level adjustments. 
Prerequisite: Accounting 251. 

351. Advanced Accounting. 3:3:0. First semester. 

Includes a study of partnerships, installment sales, consignment sales, home branch 
office relationships, business combinations, special problems of consolidations, foreign 
subsidiaries and branches, and fiduciary accounting. 

Prerequisite: Accounting 252. 

352. Government and Non-Profit Accounting. 3:3:0. Second semester. 

Basic concepts of fund and budgetary accounting used to account for the financial 
activities of federal, state, and local governmental units and systems for achieving account- 
ing and administrative controls for service organizations, such as hospitals, educational 
institutions, and other non-profit organizations. 

Prerequisite: Accounting 152. 

390. Internship. 3-9 hour credit. Either semester. 

Field experience in a business, government or other organization in some area of ac- 
counting. Ordinarily a few juniors will be chosen for the available internships by the de- 
partmental faculty. 

452. Income Tax Accounting. 3:3:0. Second semester. 

Analysis of the federal income tax law and its applications to individuals, partner- 
ships, fiduciaries, corporations; case problems, preparation of returns. 
Prerequisite: Accounting 152, or consent of instructor. 

454. Advanced Cost and Managerial Accounting. 3:3:0. Second semester. 

Emphasis is placed on costing for planning and control, including cost-volume-profit 
analysis, budgeting, capital budgeting, inventory control, standard costing, and the concept 
of relevant costs. 

Prerequisite: Accounting 152. 

455. Auditing. 3:3:0. First semester. 

Involves a study of professional ethics and legal responsibilities of public accountants, 
generally accepted accounting principles, and auditing procedures. 
Prerequisite: Accounting 252. 

490. Seminar and Special Problems. 3:3:0. Either semester. 

A capstone course involving a computer simulation that integrates the concepts of ac- 
counting, economics, and business administration. Financial statement preparation is an es- 
sential segment of the course. Required of all accounting majors. 

Prerequisites: Business Administration 361; Accounting 252. 

48 



500. Independent Study. 1-6 hours credit. Either semester. 

(Maximum of 9 hours credit.) 
A course designed for students in the departmental honors program and other quali- 
fied students who wish to undertake the independent study in a specific area of accounting. 

BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 

100. Introduction to Business. 3:3:0. First semester. 

An orientation to the nature and environment of business, its structure, organization, 
functions and opportunities. Provides an integrated framework for further study in account- 
ing, finance, marketing, and management. (Not open to seniors.) 

180. Principles of Management. 3:3:0. Second semester. 

A study of the process of utilizing and coordinating all available resources in order to 
achieve the objectives of a business, governmental, educational, social, or religious organiza- 
tion. Includes discussions and cases on decision-making, planning, organizing, staffing, 
motivation, leadership, control, and communication. 

361. Corporation Finance. 3:3:0. First semester. 

A study of financial management covering analysis of asset, liability and capital 
relationships and operations; management of current assets, working capital, cash, liquid 
assets, receivables, inventory; capital planning and budgeting; capital structure and di- 
vidend policy; short and intermediate term financing; long term financing, external and 
internal; mergers and acquisitions: multinational operations; and corporate failures and 
liquidation. 

Prerequisite: Accounting 152. 

362. Investments. 3:3:0. Second semester. 

Development and role of investment and its relation to other economic, legal, and 
social institutions. Includes discussion on investment principles, machinery, policy, and 
management; types of investment, and the development of portfolios for individuals and 
institutions. 

Prerequisite: Business Administration 361. 

371/372. Business Law I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. 

Elementary principles of law as they relate to the field of business. Contracts, agency, 
employment, commercial paper, personal property, sales, security, devices, insurance, 
partnerships, corporation, real estate, estates, bankruptcy, and government regulations are 
discussed. 

382. Marketing. 3:3:0. Second semester. 

A study of the marketing system within an economy in terms of an efficient use of 
resources and the distribution from producers to consumers according to the objectives of 
the society; performance of business activities to direct the flow of goods and services to 
satisfy customer needs. Includes market research, product development, packaging, dis- 
tribution, promotional activities, sales management, and price policy. To bridge the gap 
between the understanding and the application of marketing principles, students are 
required to prepare and discuss a number of cases pertaining to some specific areas of 
marketing. 

Prerequisites: Economics 201 and Business Administration 180. 

390. Internship. 3-9 hours credit. Either semester. 

Field experience in a business, government or other organization in some area of 
business administration. Ordinarily, a few juniors will be chosen for the available intern- 
ships by the departmental faculty. 

490. Seminar and Special Problems. 3:3:0. Either semester. 

(Maximum of 9 hours credit.) 
Reading, discussion, and research in business administration under the direction and 
supervision of the departmental staff. Required of all business administration majors. 
Prerequisites: Business Administration 361 or Accounting 351. 

49 



500. Independent Study. 1-6 hours credit. Either semester. 

(Maximum of 9 hours credit.) 
A course designed for students in the departmental honors program and other 
qualified students who wish to undertake independent study in a specific area of business 
administration. 

ECONOMICS 

Economics 110 and 120 are prerequisites for all courses of a higher number in this 
section. 

110. Principles of Economics I. 3:3:0. Either semester. 

An introductory study in economic principles and the American economy with 
emphasis on the elementary concepts of national income, price level, business fluctuations, 
banking activities, money supply, and economic growth. 

120. Principles of Economics II. 3:3:0. Either semester. 

An introductory study in economic principles and the American economy with 
emphasis on the elementary concepts of consumption function, production function, 
product pricing, factor pricing, resource allocation, labor economics, public finance, and 
international economics. 

130. Economics of Public Issues. 3:3:0. Either semester; (Not offered 1979-1980). 

A survey and economic analysis of public issues. 

201. Microeconomic Analysis. 3:3:0. First semester. 

Economic decision-making of firms and resource allocation of an economy, a core 
course studying tools of analysis for students in economics, business, accounting, and related 
areas or disciplines. 

203. Macroeconomic Analysis. 3:3:0 First semester. 

Theoretical and empirical study of national income and business cycles. 

222. Quantitative Methods. 3:3:0. Second semester. 

Development and application of mathematical concepts and statistical methods to the 
analysis of theory, and the resolution of problems, in economics and business administra- 
tion. 

Prerequisite: Mathematics 170. 

301. Labor Economics and Industrial Relations. 3:3:0. Not offered 1979-1980. 

Theoretical analysis of labor market functioning, including impact of unionism, 
government policy, demographic trends, etc.; human capital theory; measurement of the 
labor force and data sources: history of the American labor movement: U.S. legislation 
affecting industrial relations; collective bargaining process and the system of industrial 
jurisprudence. 

Prerequisite: Economics 201 or permission of the instructor. 

312. Money and Banking. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1979-1980. 

Nature and functions of money and credit. Development and role of commercial 
banking and central banking. Structure and functions of the Federal Reserve System. 
Monetary and banking theory, policy, and practice. Influence on prices, level of income and 
employment and economic stability and progress. 

321. Public Finance. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1980-1981. 

Revenues and expenditures and economic functioning of the federal, state, and local 
governments; principles of taxation — shifting, incidence, and burden; influence on incen- 
tives, income distribution, and resource allocation; economic and social aspects of public 
spending; budgetary control and debt management; fiscal policy and economic stability. 

332. International Economics. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1980-1981. 

A study of theories and empirical analysis of international trade; capital movement; 

50 



mechanism for attaining equilibrium; economic policies such as tariff, quota, monetary 
standards and exchange rate, state trading, cartel, and other international economic 
agreements. 

390. Internship. 3-9 hours credit. Either semester. 

Field experience in a business, government or other organization in some area of eco- 
nomics. Ordinarily, a few juniors will be chosen for the available internships by the depart- 
mental faculty. 

401. History of Economic Thought. 3:3:0. Not offered 1979-1980. 

The evolution of economic thought through the principal schools from mercantilism to 
the present. Attention will be given to the analysis of the various theories of value, wages, 
interest, rent, profit, price level, business cycles, and employment, and to the influences of 
earlier economic ideas upon current thinking and policy-making. 

411. Economic Growth and Development. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1979-1980. 

Analysis of classical and modern theories and models of economic growth; study of 
theory and implications of alternative development policies. 

490o Seminar and Special Problems. 3:3:0. Either semester. 

(Maximum of 9 hours credit.) 
Reading, discussion, and research in economics under the direction and supervision of 
the departmental staff. Required of all economics majors. 
Prerequisite: Economics 201 or 202. 

500. Independent Study. 1-6 hours credit. Either semester. 

(Maximum of 9 hours credit.) 

A course designed for students in the departmental honors program and other 

qualified students who wish to undertake independent study in a specific area of economics. 



EDUCATION 



Professor Ehersole, Chairman; Associate Professors Herr and Petrofes; Assistant 
Professors Alhrecht, and Jacques, Adjunct Assistant Professor Knight 

The aim of the department of education is to acquaint students with the art of 
teaching and to develop in each prospective teacher a full realization of his 
responsibilities in this profession. 

For a statement of requirements for those planning to enter the teaching 
profession, see pages 98 and 104-105. 

ELEMENTARY EDUCATION 

Major: Elementary Education 220, 270, 332, 341, 344, 361/362, 440, 444; Art 
401; Education 342; Geography 111; one of the following: History 111, 112, 125, 
126; Psychology 321, for a total of 51 hours. 

Degree: For the student who majors in elementary education, the B. S. degree 
is offered. 

DEPARTMENTAL HONORS 

The departmental honors program in elementary education permits the capa- 
ble student to increase the depth of his understanding in an area of special interest 
and the general scope of his knowledge of elementary education. It is planned as 
an integral part of the student's major program rather than work superimposed 
upon it. 

A student majoring in elementary education may participate in the de- 
partmental honors program when he completes the freshman-sophomore college 
honors program or when he demonstrates in his academic work the caliber of 
scholarship required to undertake an extensive research project. He must also 
have achieved a 3.3 grade-point average in departmental courses and a 3.0 

51 



grade-point average in all college courses. Application is made in writing to the 
chairman of the department not later than the end of the first semester of the junior 
year. Approval of the application must be given by the dean of the college upon 
recommendation by the department staff. 

A maximum of nine credit hours may be earned in this program. These hours 
will be distributed over the junior and senior years with a minimum of one and a 
maximum of three hours to be taken in one semester. This must include participa- 
tion in the Senior Seminar, Elementary Education 444, which is required of all 
students majoring in elementary education. The student will investigate an area of 
special interest beginning with the study of the literature and culminating in the 
design and execution of an approved experimental or theoretical research project. 
He will submit to the departmental chairman periodic progress reports and any 
other indication of performance that may be required by the department. The 
project should be completed by March of the senior year, at which time the 
student will report and defend the findings of the project in a manner to be 
determined by the departmental staff. 

Graduation with departmental honors in elementary education will depend 
on the quality of performance in the research project, the maintenance of the grade- 
point averages required for admission to the program, success in the comprehen- 
sive student-teaching program, and the final approval of the departmental staff 
and the dean of the college. 

EDUCATION COURSES 

for both Elementary and Secondary Education 

110. Foundations of Education. 3:3:0. Either semester. 

A study is made of the social, historical and philosophical foundations of American 
education correlated with a survey of the principles and theories of noted educational 
leaders. Emphasis is placed on the influence these leaders and their followers have had on 
present day schools. Current issues and innovations are reviewed. 

331. Educational Measurements. 3:3:0. First semester. 

A study of the principles of validity and reliability, appraisal and construction of test 
items and consideration of the uses of test results. 

Recommended elective in elementary and secondary fields. 
Prerequisite: Psychology 110. 

342. Reading Improvement. 3:3:0. Second semester. 

An advanced course in reading giving special attention to diagnosis, readiness, 
correction, and remediation in reading. Attention will be focused on current research 
findings. Instruments and guidelines for effective diagnostic teaching will be examined and 
evaluated. 

Open only to junior or senior students enrolled in the elementary and secondary 
programs. 

346, Educational Technology and Instructional Media. 3:3:0. Second semester. 

The course examines some of the psychological bases of technological teaching 
devices and media, and includes the study and appraisal of various kinds of media and 
equipment. Applications and uses are explored. Instruction and experience in the planning 
and production of media as well as practice in the setting up and operation of certain pieces 
of technological teaching equipment are also offered. 

Field trips are taken to functioning public school instructional materials centers and 
some discussion is devoted to how to establish and operate an instructional media center. 

423. An Introduction to Guidance. 3:3:0. First semester. 

An overview of guidance in the public schools including the history, philosophy, and 
development of programs. Procedures and instruments to be employed by the classroom 
teacher; creation of conditions for mental health; relation of guidance to other phases of 
instruction. 

Prerequisite: Education 110. 

52 



442. The Education of the Exceptional Child. 3:3:0. Second semester. 

A general view of the practices and programs for the education of exceptional children 
and youth beginning with early childhood. The study includes children with physical, men- 
tal, and emotional handicaps, and gifted children. Field work in special classes, child study, 
and the survey of curricular materials used in their education are part of the requirements. 

Prerequisites: Education 110, Psychology 110. 

ELEMENTARY EDUCATION 

220. Music in the Elementary School. 3:3:0. Second semester. 

Fundamentals of music, varied approaches for developing conceptual learning, 
movement, playing classroom instruments, introduction of Orff and Kodaly techniques, 
creative applications, guided listening, the child voice, materials for use in interest 
centers in elementary school, beginning with early childhood. 

250. Mathematics for the Elementary Grades. 3:3:0. Either semester. 

An introduction to the fundamental concepts of mathematics and a survey of the new 
and old in mathematical disciplines as applied in the elementary school. 

260. Principles and Practices in Early Childhood Education. 3:3:0. Second semester. 

Study of three differing types of early childhood programs — Montessori, Piaget and 
Open (Classroom — including their theories, materials, curricula and methods. Course will 
include field experience in local programs, and preparation of a prepared plan for teaching 
in one type of program. 

270. Children's Literature. 3:3:0. First semester. 

A study of the literature of childhood, including early childhood. Attention is 
given to children's reading interests, criteria and aids in selecting materials, a brief survey of 
the development of children's literature, and the art of storytelling and its place in the 
curriculum. 

332. The Physical Sciences in the Elementary School. 3:3:2. Second semester. 

Recent developments in arithmetic and science and their applications in the class- 
room; curriculum planning; modern teaching methods; instructional materials; demonstra- 
tions and experiments adopted in the elementary classroom, beginning with early childhood. 

Prerequisites: Elementary Education 250 and one year of a laboratory science. 

341. Teaching of Reading. 3:3:0. First semester. 

A study of the problems and procedures of instruction in the development of basic 
reading skills from the readiness programs of Early Childhood Education to the more com- 
prehensive techniques required for the teaching of reading in the elementary and middle 
schools. Effective reading programs, courses of study, teaching and learning materials, and 
research studies in this field are investigated and evaluated. 

Prerequisite: Elementary Education 270. 

344. Health and Safety Education. 3:3:0. Second semester. 

The course includes a study of basic health and safety practices and procedures as 
applied to the elementary school, a program of physical education for elementary school 
children, an American Red Cross-approved program of first aid, and an evaluation of sources 
and use of materials. 

Prerequisites: Education 110; Psychology 220. 

361/362. Communications and Group Processes in the Elementary School I, II. 

3:2:2 per semester. 

A course dealing with fundamentals for language growth in the areas of oral and 
written expression, correct usage, spelling, and handwriting beginning with early child- 
hood. The development of basic concepts related to effective citizenship in a democracy. A 
variety of learning experiences and materials will be used and evaluated; especially, stu- 
dents will have experience in preparing an individual resource unit. 

440. Student Teaching. Twelve semester hours credit. First semester. 

Each student spends an entire semester in a classroom of an area public school under 

53 



the supervision of a carefully selected cooperating teacher. Open to seniors only. A 
cumulative grade-point average of 2.0 during the first six semesters in college is required. 

Student teaching begins with the opening of the public schools. College residence 
halls and dining hall are available to the student teachers. 

Prerequisites: Education 110; Psychology 220; Elementary Education 270, 332, 341, 
and 361/362. 

444. Senior Seminar. 3:3:0. Second semester. 

The semester gives immediate help with pertinent problems in student teaching. 
Topics related to over-all success in teaching will be thoroughly dealt with: professional 
ethics, classroom management, home and school relationships, community responsibilities, 
professional standards, and other related areas. 

500. Independent Study. 1-3 hours credit. Either semester. 

(Maximum of 9 hours credit.) 
A course designed for the student who desires to engage in independent study whether 
enrolled in the departmental honors program or not. 



SECONDARY EDUCATION 

420. Human Growth and Development. 3:7V2:0. Either semester. 

This course deals with the practical application of principles of psychology and 
human learning to secondary school teaching. Such topics as classroom management, 
inter-personal relations in the school setting, and the psychology of teaching are discussed 
and studied. 

Required of all seniors in secondary education. 

Prerequisite: Education 110. 

430. Practicum and Methods. 3:7V2:0. Either semester. 

This course is designed to acquaint the students with some basic behaviors in the 
classroom that will help the prospective teacher in any subject area. A text serves as a source 
of information about "methods of teaching" and planning. Students work independently on 
the problems related to their major areas and teaching reading in their particular fields. 
Visits to the area schools, class presentations by teachers from these schools, and the 
students' vidio-taped presentations for their own analysis all help to prepare them for the 
student teaching experience. 

This course is required of all seniors in secondary education, except English majors 
who will take English 431. 

Prerequisite: Education 110. 

440. Student Teaching. Nine semester hours credit. Either semester. 

Each student spends one semester in a classroom at an area school under the 
supervision of a carefully selected cooperating teacher. Open to seniors only. Requirements 
are: (1) a cumulative grade-point average of 2.0 during the first six semesters in college, (2) 
the written recommendation of the major adviser, (3] the approval of the director of 
secondary student teaching, and (4) the approval of the dean of the college. 

Prerequisites: Education 110, 420; Education 430 or English 431. 



ENGLISH 

Professor Ford, ChQirman; Professor Emeritus Strubie; Professor O'Donnell; As- 
sociate Professors Billings, Kearney, and Woods; Assistant Professors Berger, 
Kirby, and Markowicz 

Major: Each English major devises, u^ith his adviser, a major program, 
reflecting the major's vocational goals and allowing him or her to demonstrate 
mastery of the following competencies: 

54 



An English major 

a. Must be able to display proficiency in grammatical skills and writing 
conventions and to communicate effectively with rhetorical skills such as 
limiting a subject, thinking out a thesis, organizing specific and general 
material, formulating sentences which reflect logical coordinate and 
subordinate relationships, and selecting appropriate words. 

b. Must be broadly knowledgeable about major authors, works, trends, and 
issues of Western literature. 

c. Must display a deeper knowledge of an author(s), work(s) and literary 
subject(s), developing critical skills, including some responsible use of 
secondary sources, sufficient to discuss a literary work as a separate 
esthetic entity and as a representative of a particular genre and milieu. 

d. Must have a fundamental knowledge of the historical development and 
present character of the English language. 

e. (Secondary education majors] Must have a working knowledge of at least 
two grammars. 

Degree: For the student who majors in English, the B. A. degree is offered. 

DEPARTMENTAL HONORS 

Students who are majoring in English may become candidates for departmen- 
tal honors if they have a grade-point average of 3.0 in courses in English, and if 
they receive permission from the chairman of the department and the dean of the 
college, ordinarily no later than the end of the first semester of their junior year. 

The specific program for each student accepted for the departmental honors 
program will be worked out by that student in consultation with the chairman of 
the department. 



TEACHING INTERN PROGRAM 

A senior who has been accepted for departmental honors and who looks 
forward to a career in college teaching may, upon recommendation of the 
chairman of the department and appointment by the dean of the college, become 
an intern in English, to render such assistance in the duties of the department of 
English as will in some measure help to prepare him for a professional career in 
this field. Ordinarily only one intern will be appointed in any one academic year. 



111/112. English Composition I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. 

Both semesters concentrate on developing basic skills of composition. 

211/212. Word Study I, II. 1:1:0 per semester. 

This course has a twofold purpose: (1) to give the student some insight into linguistic 
processes, particularly as they pertain to the growth of the English vocabulary; and (2) to 
increase the range of the student's vocabulary, in order that he may have greater mastery 
over his native tongue. Problems of pronunciation and spelling go hand in hand with 
vocabulary building. 

215. Writing Workshop. 3:3:0. First semester. 

Practice and instruction in sound principles of composition with the student choosing 
the type of writing he or she wishes to pursue; e.g. journalistic, technical, scientific or 
general expository writing. 

218. Oral Communication. 3:3:0. Second semester. 

This course is designed to establish basic concepts, understandings, and attitudes 
concerning the nature and importance of oral communication and to provide experience in 
speaking and in competent criticism of these activities. 

55 



221/222. American Literature I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. 

First semester: a survey of American literature from the beginnings to the Civil War. 
Second semester: a survey of American literature from the Civil War to the present day. 

223. Creative Writing. 3:3:0. First semester. 

This course alternates between the writing of fiction and the writing of poetry. 

225/226. Survey of English Literature I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. 

A study of English literature from the beginnings to our own time, viewed in 
perspective against the background of English life and thought. 

227/228. World Literature I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. 

While the organization of this course is basically chronological, the emphasis is 
thematic: Major ideas of western thought are traced through important literary works from 
the ancient Greeks to the moderns. 

250-299. Studies in Literary Contexts. 3:3:0 per semester. 

This sequence of courses, several of which are offered any one year, examines literary 
works within the larger contexts of social and intellectual concerns. 

321/322. Shakespeare I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. 

A survey of English drama from its beginnings to and including Shakespeare: (a) a 
study of Shakespeare's history plays and their place in the Elizabethan world, and an 
analysis of early Shakespearean comedy; (b) a study of Shakespeare's major tragedies, the 
problem comedies, and the late romantic comedies. 

331. History of the English Language. 3:3:0. First semester. 

Historical study of English sounds, grammatical forms, and vocabulary; and brief 
survey of standards of correctness and current usage. 

332. Chaucer. 3:3:0. Second semester. 

Intended to give the student a reasonable familiarity with Chaucer and other medieval 
authors, and to develop skill in the reading of Middle English. 

334. Modern Grammars. 3:3:0. Second semester. 

A review of traditional grammar and an introduction to recent concepts in grammar 
resulting from developments in structural linguistics. 
Prerequisite: English 331. 

337. The Novel. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1979-1980. 

A study of the development of the novel in England from Richardson to Joyce. 

338. Contemporary Drama. 3:3:0. Second semester. 

A survey-workshop of Continental, British, and American drama from Ibsen to the 
present. 

339. History of the Theater. 3:3:0. First semester. 

A selection of Western and some Oriental dramas from Aeschylus to Ibsen presented 
historically, with attention to theater modes and techniques. 

344. Theater Workshop. 3:3:0. Second semester. 

The elements of theater art oriented toward stage presentation, with classroom practice 
in production of scenes and whole plays. 

390. Internship 1-9 hours credit. Either semester. 

431. The Teaching of Enghsh in Secondary Schools. 3:3:0. First semester. 

Concerned primarily with the role of the English teacher in the secondary schools. 
Attention may be given to the teaching of composition, mechanics, speech, and literary forms. 
Sessions on recent research in the field of English, resource materials, mass media, and 
teaching techniques will be included. 

56 



440. Special Problems. 3:3:0. Either semester. 

Offered according to interests of students and staff. This course will rotate among 
faculty members, the content of the course to be determined by the instructor with the advice 
of the department and consent of the chairman and the dean of the college. 

Prerequisite: consent of the instructor. 

444. Seminar in English. 3:3:0. Second semester. 

This capstone course for English majors varies in content depending on the interests of 
the instructor. 

500. Independent Study. 1-3 hours credit. Either semester. 

(Maximum of 9 hours credit) 
For the student who desires to engage in a project of independent work whether 
enrolled in the departmental honors program or not. 
Prerequisite: consent of the instructor. 



FOREIGN LANGUAGES 

Assistant Professor Iglesias, Chairman; Associate Professors Cantrell and Scott; 
Assistant Professors Markowicz, Saylor, and Strange. 

The study of a modern foreign language has a three-fold aim. The first is to 
develop fluency in the basic communication skills — speaking, listening com- 
prehension, reading and wanting. The second is to provide a direct, concrete 
understanding and appreciation of the literature, civilization and cultural heritage 
of the people whose language is studied by use of the language and cultural 
elements. The third aim is to develop an understanding of language as the 
fundamental medium in which mankind thinks, perceives and interacts. 

The department prepares the language major for a career in many crucial and 
challenging fields: teaching, diplomatic and government service, foreign trade, 
business and industry, and social service fields. Since knowledge of a foreign 
language alone is often insufficient for many of these careers, the language major 
should, as appropriate, combine study of foreign languages with work in other 
disciplines. 

Major: A student may elect to major in a foreign language or in foreign lan- 
guages. A major in one language requires FL 252, Introduction to Linguistics, and 
24 hours above the intermediate level in the language studied. A major in foreign 
languages has the same requirements plus a minimum of 12 hours above the in- 
termediate level in a second language. If a certificate to teach is desired, FL 440, 
Methods of Teaching Foreign Language, is also required. 

In French, German and Spanish at least one advanced course in offered each 
semester. All courses are conducted in the language studied with the exception of 
Greek, Latin, and Scientific German. 

It is strongly recommended that foreign language majors be proficient in more 
than one language, and that the junior year be spent in study abroad. To facilitate 
study abroad. Lebanon Valley College has become a cooperating member of the 
International Studies Program of Central College (Pella, Iowa). This program 
provides for 11 or 12 months study of German in Germany and Austria, French in 
France, and Spanish in Spain. 

Degree; For the student who majors in foreign languages, French, German, or 
Spanish, the B.A. degree is offered. 

DEPARTMENTAL HONORS 

Students who are majoring in foreign languages may become candidates for 
departmental honors if they have a grade-point average of 3.0 in departmental 

57 



courses, and if they receive permission from the departmental staff and the dean of 
the college, ordinarily no later than the end of the first semester of their junior 
year. 

Honors work will involve the selection of a topic for investigation under the 
guidance of the department adviser, independent reading and study, frequent 
conferences with the adviser, preparation of a paper to be submitted by March 15 of 
the senior year, satisfactory defense of the paper before a committee composed of 
the departmental staff, the dean of the college, and any other faculty members who 
may be invited to participate, and, finally, an oral examination in the language of 
major concentration. If these requirements are satisfied, the student will be 
graduated with honors in his major language. 

FOREIGN LANGUAGES 

252. Introduction to Linguistics. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1981-82. 

An introductory study of language as a communication system, designed for the non- 
major and major alike and taught entirely in English. The course studies the mechanisms by 
which language functions (sound system, syntax, semantics), the major theoretical explana- 
tions for them, and the biological, psychological, sociological and historical foundations of 
language. 

315H/316H. Contemporary European Literature I, II. 3:3:0. per semester. 

Reading, in translation, of selected works by Hesse, Sartre, Camus, Brecht, 
Kazantzakis, Solzhenitsyn, and others. Designed to familiarize students with important 
authors and trends in contemporary European literature. 

Prerequisite: junior or senior standing. 

440. Methods in Teaching Foreign Languages. 2:2:0. Either semester. Offered as needed. 

A comprehensive study of modern methods of foreign language teaching in secondary 
schools with emphasis on the teaching of basic skills. 

Prerequisites: Foreign Language 252 and French, Germaii or Spanish 116 or 216 
or equivalent. 

French 

101, 102. Elementary French I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. 

A beginning course in French. 

Ill, 112. Intermediate French I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. 

A continuation of French 102 with further practice in conversation, comprehension, 
reading, and writing. Basic readings from literature and from contemporary French sources. 
Attention is given to the cultural background of the readings. 

Prerequisite: French 102 or two years of secondary school French. 

115, 116. Introduction to French Literature I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. 

A general language review with intensive practice in the four basic language skills 
through a study of selected literary works in their cultural and historic contexts. 

Prerequisite: four years of secondary school language or three years for specially 
qualified students; or French 112. 

215. French Culture. 3:3:0. First semester. 

A study of modern France with special attention to those qualities and characteristics 
which are uniquely French. Intended both to provide a useful background for the study of 
French literature and to prepare students to spend the junior year in France. Taught entirely 
in French. 

Prerequisite: four years of secondary school language or three years for specially 
qualified students or French 112. 

221. French Literature of the Middle Ages. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1980-1981. 

A study of the masterpieces of the Medieval French Literature in the context of the 
social and intellectual climate in which they were produced. 
Prerequisite: French 116 or equivalent. 

58 



222. French Literature of the Renaissance. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1980-1981. 

A study of the major works of the French Renaissance as a literary reflection of the 
tremendous vitality and progress achieved in all sectors of society. 
Prerequisite: French 116 or equivalent. 

331. French Literature of the Age of Louis XIV. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1981-1982. 

A study of the major authors of this apogee of French civilization, and how the 
particular social structure and institutions of the time influenced these authors. 
Prerequisite: French 116 or equivalent. 

332. French Literature of the Enlightenment. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1981-1982. 

A study of the main literary and philosophical currents, with particular attention to 
their influence on the French and American Revolutions. 
Prerequisite: French 116 or equivalent. 

441. The Modern Novel in France. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1979-1980. 

A study of the modern French novel. 
Prerequisite: French 116 or equivalent. 

442. Modern Drama and Poetry of France. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1979-1980. 

A study of modern drama and poetry of France. 
Prerequisite: French 116 or equivalent. 

445/446. Seminar I, IL 1-3 hours credit per semester. 

This seminar is designed to supplement and integrate the student's knowledge, to 
stimulate individual study and research, and to prepare him for future work in his field. The 
course content varies according to the needs of the group involved. For those students who 
are planning to teach, the seminar will provide instruction in teaching methods. 

Prerequisite: French 116 or equivalent. 

500. Independent Study. 1-3 hours credit. Either semester. 

(Maximum of 9 hours credit.) 
This course is designed for the student who wishes to engage in independent study 
whether enrolled in the departmental honors program or not. 
Prerequisite: French 116 or equivalent. 



German 

101, 102. Elementary German I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. 

A beginning course in German. 

Ill, 112. Intermediate German I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. 

A continuation of German 102 with practice in conversation, dictation, reading and 
writing. Emphasis is given to the cultural and historical background of the literature that is 
read. 

Prerequisite: German 102 or two years of secondary school German. 

113, 114. Scientific German I, IL 3:3:0 per semester. 

Practice in reading scientific and technical German with emphasis on vocabulary and 
the special difficulties inherent in this type of writing. General readings followed by 
readings in the student's major field. 

115, 116. Introduction to German Literature I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. 

A general language review with intensive practice in the four basic language skills 
through a study of selected literary works in their cultural and historic contexts. 

Prerequisite: four years of secondary school language or three years for specially 
qualified students; or German 112. 

215. German Culture. 3:3:0. First semester. 

A study of modern Germany with special attention to those qualities, characteristics 
and traditions which are uniquely German. Intended to provide a useful background for the 

59 



study of German literature and as a preparation for the junior year abroad. Taught entirely in 
German. 

Prerequisite: Four years of secondary school language or three years for specially 
qualified students; or German 112. 

216. Advanced Conversation and Composition. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1979-1980 

and every other year 

Intensive practice in spoken and written German on an advanced grammatical and 
stylistic level. 

Prerequisite: German 115 or 215, or equivalent. 

221. German Literature from the Beginnings to 1750. 3:3:0. First semester. 

Offered 1980-1981. 

A study of representative literary works from the early Middle Ages through the ba- 
roque. Emphasis is on the generation writing ca. 1200. 
Prerequisite: German 116 or equivalent. 

331. German Literature from 1750 to 1848. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1981-1982. 

Studies the effects of the enlightenment in Germany and the subsequent development 
of German romanticism. Offers a close reading of major works and extensive background 
readings in the history and esthetics of the period. 

Prerequisite: German 116 or equivalent. 

332. Goethe and Schiller. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1981-1982. 

Offers an introduction to the biographies, society and artistic achievements of these 
preeminent literary figures. 

Prerequisite: German 116 or equivalent. 

410. Special Topics in German Language. 3:3:0. Either semester. Offered as needed. 

Advanced study of an aspect of the German language. Topic varies according to the 
needs of the students, e.g.. Advanced Grammar, Stylistics, History of the German Language. 
This course is ordinarily offered once every three years unless demand arises more fre- 
quently. 

Prerequisite: German 116 or 216, or equivalent. 

441. German Literature from 1848 to the Present. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1979-1980. 

An examination of masterpieces of German fiction, drama and poetry with special at- 
tention to the changing role of the artist in society. 
Prerequisite: German 116 or equivalent. 

442. Topics in Modem German Literature. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1979-1980. 

Offers a detailed study of one aspect of modern German literature, e.g., the novel, con- 
temporary authors, twentieth century drama, literary expressionism. 
Prerequisite: German 116 or equivalent. 

500. Independent Study. 1-3 hours credit. Either semester. 

(Maximum of 9 hours credit.) 
This course is designed for the student who wishes to engage in independent study 
whether enrolled in the departmental honors program or not. 
Prerequisite: German 116 or equivalent. 

Greek 

101, 102. Elementary Greek I, IL 3:3:0 per semester. Offered 1979-1980. 

An intensive course in the basic elements of ancient Greek. A study of forms and 
syntax, with easy prose composition. 

Ill, 112. Intermediate Greek I, 11 3:3:0 per semester. Offered 1980-1981. 

First semester: readings from the New Testament Gospels. 

Second semester: readings from Xenophon's Anabasis. A review of grammar through- 
out the year. 

Prerequisite: Greek 102. 

60 



321. Readings from the Book of Acts. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1979-1980. 

Prerequisite: Greek 212. 

322. Readings in Hellenistic Greek. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1979-1980. 

Selections from the Septuagint, the Greek church fathers. 
Prerequisite: Greek 212. 

431. Readings from the Epistles of Paul. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1980-1981. 

Prerequisite: Greek 212. 

432. Readings from the Greek Philosophers. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1980-1981. 

Prerequisite: Greek 212. 



Latin 

101. Elementary Latin I. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1981-1982. 

A beginning course covering the basic grammar and syntax, with some reading of 
ancient writers. 

102. Elementary Latin IL 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1981-1982. 

A review of Latin grammar and syntax via translation of English to Latin; and, reading 
of Latin prose selections including Cicero. 
Prerequisite: Latin 101 or equivalent. 

111. 112. Intermediate Latin. 3:3:0 per semester. Offered 1980-1981. 

Review of forms and syntax and readings of selections from prose works such as 
Cicero's Essays. 

Prerequisite: Latin 102, or two years of secondary school Latin. 



Spanish 

101,102. Elementary Spanish I, n. 3:3:0 per semester. 

A beginning course in Spanish; audio-active technique. 

111. 112. Intermediate Spanish I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. 

A continuation of Spanish 102 with further practice in conversation, dictation, and in 
reading and writing. Attention is given to Spanish literature in its cultural and historical 
context. 

Prerequisite: Spanish 102 or two years of secondary school Spanish. 

115, 116. Introduction to Spanish Literature I, II. 3:3:0 per semester, 

A general language review with intensive practice in the four basic language skills 
through a study of selected literary works in their cultural and historic contexts. 

Prerequisite: four years of secondary school language or three years for specially 
qualified students; or Spanish 112. 

215. Hispanic Culture. 3:3:0. First semester. 

A study of Hispanic culture as found in modern Spain and its reflection in American 
countries and in the Spanish language. Intended both as a useful background for the study of 
literature and as a preparation for the junior year abroad. Taught entirely in Spanish. 

Prerequisite: Four years of secondary school language or three years for specially 
qualified students; or Spanish 112. 

221. Spanish Literature of the Middle Ages and Early Renaissance. 

3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1980-1981. 

Reading of the outstanding works of the period with emphasis on the beginnings of the 
Renaissance in Spain. 

Prerequisite: Spanish 116 or equivalent. 

222. Spanish Literature of the Golden Age. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offererd 1980-1981. 

A study of the major works of the Renaissance period in Spain. 
Prerequisite: Spanish 116 or equivalent. 

61 



331. Spanish Literature of the 18th and 19th Centuries. 

3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1981-1982. 

Readings from the Enlightenment in Spain and a study of the major works of 
Romanticism and Realism. 

Prerequisite: Spanish 116 or equivalent. 

332. Spanish Literature of the 20th Century. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1981-1982. 

Sarting with the Generation '98 and Modernism, a study of all the movements and 
some of the outstanding works of this century. 
Prerequisite: Spanish 116 or equivalent. 

441. Spanish American Literature to the 20th Century. 

3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1979-1980. 

Readings of the representative authors from the Colonial and Independence periods of 
Spanish American literature. 

Prerequisite: Spanish 116 or equivalent. 

442. Spanish American Literature of the 20th Century. 

3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1979-1980. 

A study of important writers of the early part of the century, with emphasis on recent 
developments in the literature of Spanish America. 
Prerequisite: Spanish 116 or equivalent. 

445/446. Seminar I, IL 1-3 hours credit per semester. 

This seminar is designed to supplement and integrate the student's knowledge, to 
stimulate individual study and research, and to prepare him for future work in his field. The 
course content varies according to the needs of the group involved. For those students who 
are planning to teach, the seminar will provide instruction in teaching methods. 

Prerequisite: Spanish 116 or equivalent. 

500. Independent Study. 1-3 hours credit. Either semester. 

(Maximum of 9 hours credit.) 
This course is designed for the student who wishes to engage in independent study 
whether enrolled in the departmental honors program or not. 
Prerequisite: Spanish 116 or equivalent. 



GEOGRAPHY 

Professor Ehersole; Assistant Professor Jacques 

111. World Geography I (Physical Geography). 3:3:0. First semester. 

The first course of a two-course sequence required of elementary education majors and 
those who wish to be certified to teach comprehensive social studies in secondary school. 
The course explores the physical aspects of the earth, its place in the solar system, earth 
movements, time, seasons, use of globes and maps, earth's waters, land forms, climate, soil 
types, weather phenomena, and processes which form and change the earth's surface. 

112. World Geography II (Regional Cultural Geography). 3:3:0. Second semester. 

This course is recommended for elementary education majors and is required for those 
wishing to be certified in comprehensive social studies. The course examines various 
countries and regions of the world, relating the geographic features of each to the life and 
culture of the people. Natural resources and economy of each region are studied as well as 
such facts as states and capitals, population density, food supply, and ecological factors. 

German 

See Foreign Languages, page 59. 

Greek 

See Foreign Languages, page 60. 
62 



HISTORY AND POLITICAL SCIENCE 

Professor Geffen, Chairman; Professor Fehr; Associate Professor Norton; Assistant 
Professor Joyce. 

The aim in the teaching of history is to acquaint the student with human 
behavior in the dimension of past time, in the belief that by thus extending the 
range of his knowledge he may also enlarge the scope of his sympathies and 
become more richly human. 

The aim in the teaching of political science is to acquaint the student with the 
many-sided aspects of government, in the belief that by thus enlarging the extent 
of his knowledge he may expand the scope of his understanding and adopt a critical 
and objective attitude toward the problems of modern society. 

The department also prepares students for graduate and law schools and for 
careers in teaching, government, and business. 

HISTORY 

Major: Four one-semester courses in European history as approved by the 
adviser; History 125 and 235/236 or History 126 and 225/226 or History 225/226 
and 235/236 in American history; one course from among History 343, 344, 345, 
346; and History 213 and 412, for a minimum of 30 hours. Substitution may be 
approved by the chairman upon request. 

Degree; For the student who majors in history, the B. A. degree is offered. 

DEPARTMENTAL HONORS 

Students majoring in history may participate in the departmental honors 
program when they fulfill the following requirements: (1) demonstrate in their 
academic work the caliber of scholarship required to undertake an extensive 
research project; (2) achieve a 3.0 grade-point average in departmental courses and 
a 2.5 grade-point average in all college courses; and (3) apply for and receive 
permission for such participation from the departmental chairman and the dean of 
the college no later than the end of the first semester of the junior year. 

The student may work for from one to three semester hours credit per 
semester for a maximum of nine semester hours in the departmental honors 
program. A member of the departmental staff will serve as his honors adviser. 

During his participation in the program, the student must (1) submit to his 
honors adviser periodic progress reports; (2] show progress at a rate and level in- 
dicating that he will complete the program on time and at the desired level of 
achievement; and (3) maintain a 3.0 grade-point average in departmental courses 
and a 2.5 grade-point average in all college courses. 

The participant must (1) obtain departmental approval of a research topic; (2) 
prepare an essay on the subject selected for research under the guidance of his 
honors adviser; (3) complete the writing of the essay by March 1 of the senior year; 
and (4) defend the essay in a manner to be determined by the departmental staff 
and the dean of the college. Upon fulfilling these requirements, the student will be 
recommended by the departmental chairman to the dean of the college for 
graduation with departmental honors. 

111/112. History of Western Civilization I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. 

The first semester covers the development of Western European culture in all its 
aspects from its Near Eastern origins to about 1715. The second semester covers its evolution 
during the eighteenth, nineteenth, and twentieth centuries. 

125/126. Survey of United States History I, IL 3:3:0 per semester. 

The first semester covers the development of the United States to 1865, the second 
semester from 1865 to the present. Special emphasis throughout the course is placed upon 
historiographical philosophy and method. 

63 



211. Greek and Roman History. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1979-1980. 

An examination of the origins, structure, and values of Greek and Roman societies from 
about 1200 B. C. to about 500 A. D. The Mediterranean nature of these cultures and the 
historians' treatment of them are emphasized. 

212. The Middle Ages. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1979-1980. 

A study of the emergence of a European society from 500 to 1300. Emphasis is on the 
social and intellectual aspects of medieval life, and the historiographical record is analyzed. 

213. Introduction to Historiography. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1979-1980. 

Theory and practice in the writing of history. The work of selected historians is studied 
and each student conducts and reports upon his own research. Training is given in research 
methods and in the preparation of research reports. 

221. The Renaissance and Reformation: 1300 to 1600. 

3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1980-1981. 

A study of the beginnings of the modern era, paying particular attention to the 
inter-relationships between its political, social, economic, and intellectual aspects. 

222. The Old Regime: 17th and 18th Centuries. 

3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1980-1981. 

An investigation of the impact of modern science and thought upon the development 
of Western European culture. Particular attention is paid to the nature of European society 
before the era of revolutions. 

224. British History from the Tudors to the Present. 3:3:0. Second semester. 

Offered 1979-1980. 

A survey focused on the British Isles from Henry VII to Elizabeth II. The cultural evolu- 
tion of the English people is studied with emphasis on the political-social-intellectual con- 
figuration. 

225. American History to 1800. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1980-1981. 

An examination is made of all aspects of the development of the United States from its 
European origins to 1800. Historiographical issues, methods, and problems are stressed. 

226. American History from 1800 to 1865. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1980-1981. 

The developments of nineteenth century American history to the end of the Civil War 
are studied, with special attention to historiographical concerns. 

235. The United States: 1865 to 1900. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1979-1980. 

The post-Civil War developments of American history during the nineteenth century 
are analyzed and interpreted, with emphasis upon historiography. 

236. The United States: 1900 to the Present. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1979-1980. 

The twentieth century history of the United States is studied in all its aspects. 
Historiographical interpretation is stressed. 

331. The Era of Revolutions: 1789 to 1870. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1979-1980. 

A study of the political and economic changes in Europe from 1789 to 1870 and the 
total cultural impact of these changes. 

332. Modern Europe: 1870 to 1945. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1979-1980. 

An analysis of the nineteenth century state system, its economic and social bases, its 
ideology, and its evolution through world wars and technological revolutions. 

333. The Western Tradition Since 1945. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1980-1981. 

Beginning with the reconstruction following World War II, the course focuses upon the 
intellectual, social, and broadly political significance of the period in the context of the 
continuing Western tradition. 

334. European Intellectual History. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1980-1981. 

The course examines main currents of European thought from the Renaissance to the 

64 



present. Major themes to be studied will be war and peace, social and economic reform, and 
revolution. Primary materials will be emphasized. 

343. History of Russia. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1979-1980. 

A survey of Russian history from ancient times to the present, with special attention to 
developm ent s sin ce the seventeenth century. 

344. History of the Far East. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1979-1980. 

A survey of the development of the cultural institutions of the Far East, with emphasis 
upon the trends since 1500. 

345. History of Latin America. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1980-1981. 

A sur\'ey of the Latin American republics from their colonial beginnings to the present 
time. 

346. Introduction to the History of African CuUure. 

3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1980-1981. 

A survey of African culture from the tenth-century Sudanic origins to the present day. 
Emphasis is on the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. 

349. Select Problems in History. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1980-1981. 

A course to provide the student with an opportunity to explore in depth a topic of 
special interest. 

Open to junior and senior history majors and to other students by permission of the 
instructor. 

390. Internship. 3-6 hours credit. Either semester. 

(Maximum of 15 hours credit) 

412. Senior Seminar in History. 3:3:0. Second semester. 

A review of the student's college program in history, with reading, discussion, and 
writing to serve the following purposes: (1) synthesis of previous course work in history; (2) 
relation of the academic discipline of history to other fields of knowledge; and (3) 
formulation and expression of a personal philosophy of history by each student. 

Open only to senior departmental majors. 

500. Independent Study. 1-3 hours credit. Either semester. 

(Maximum of 3 semesters) 
A course designed for students who wish to undertake an independent study project in 
history. Open to all students, subject to the following qualifications; 

Those who do not desire departmental honors are admitted by permission of the 
instructor who agrees to accept supervision of the student's work. 
Students desiring departmental honors must meet the conditions set forth above under 
"Departmental Honors." 

POLITICAL SCIENCE 

Major: Political Science 111/112. 211, 212. 217. 311, 312. 411, 412, 413. 
Substitutions may be approved by the chairman upon request. Majors are also 
required to take History 125 and 235/236 or History 126 and 225/226, for a 
minimum of 39 hours. History 225/226 and 235/236 may be taken in place of the 
combination of either with History 125/126 in which case the student will have a 
total of 42 hours. 

Degree; For the student who majors in Political science, the B. A. degree is 
offered. 

DEPARTMENTAL HONORS 

Students majoring in political science may participate in the departmental 
honors program when they fulfill the following requirements: (1) demonstrate in 
their academic work the caliber of scholarship required to undertake an extensive 
research project: (2) achieve a 3.0 grade-point average in departmental courses and 
a 2.5 grade-point average in all college courses; and (3) apply for and receive 

65 



permission for such participation from tlie departmental chairman and the dean of 
the college no later than the end of the first semester of the junior year. 

The student may work for from one to three semester hours credit per 
semester for a maximum of nine semester hours in the departmental honors 
program. A member of the departmental staff will serve as his honors adviser. 

During his participation in the program, the student must (1] submit to his 
honors adviser periodic progress reports; (2) show progress at a rate and level 
indicating that he will complete the program on time and at the desired level of 
achievement; and (3) maintain a 3.0 grade-point average in departmental courses 
and a 2.5 grade-point in all college courses. 

The participant must (1) obtain departmental approval of a research topic; (2) 
prepare an essay on the subject selected for research under the guidance of his 
honors adviser; (3) complete the writing of the essay by March 1 of the senior year; 
and (4) defend the essay in a manner to be determined by the departmental staff 
and the dean of the college. Upon fulfilling these requirements, the student will 
be recommended by the departmental chairman to the dean of the college for 
graduation with departmental honors. 



111/112. American National Government I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. 

The first semester concentrates on backgrounds, theories, principles, processes, and 
practices of American national government. Subject areas include: the nature of democracy, 
constitutional backgrounds, federalism and its problems, civil rights, public opinion forma- 
tion, voting behavior, political parties, campaigns and elections. Special attention is given to 
contemporary racial and student unrest in the United States. 

The second semester stresses institutional surveys and the actual work of government, 
the structure, functions, and processes of the main organs of national government — The 
Presidency, the Congress, the judiciary, and the bureaucracy — are examined. Subject areas 
covered include: the role of government as regulator, promoter, and manager; national 
defense; foreign policies; and international development. 

211. Comparative Government. 3:3:0. First semester. 

A comparative study of important political systems of the world, including an 
introduction to the basic methodologies. The course examines both totalitarian and 
representative forms of government. It is strongly recommended that Political Science 
111/112 be taken previously or concurrently. 

212. Foreign Relations. 3:3:0. Second semester.! 

A survey of the external relations of American government, with emphasis onj 
twentieth century developments. Subject areas include diplomacy, military affairs, geo- 
graphic and regional problems, trade and aid, technology and underdevelopment, alliances, 
nuclear problems, and opposing ideologies. Consideration is given to recruitment, training, 
and problems of the United States foreign service and to the multiple influences shaping 
American foreign policies. It is strongly recommended that Political Science 111/112 be 
taken previously or concurrently. 

217. Research Methods in Political Science. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1979-1980. 

A course in the conduct and interpretation of research in political science. Topics 
covered include: formulation of a research problem, research design, techniques of scaling 
and measurement, data collection and analysis, and writing the research report. 

Prerequisites: a major in Political Science and sophomore standing, or permis- 
sion of the instructor. Mathematics 170, Elementary Statistics, is strongly recommended. 

219. State and Local Government. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1979-1980. 

This course deals with governmental institutions and political characteristics of state 
and local political systems. It will treat major urban problems in the context of the legal 
dependency of cities on state governments and constitutions. It will also examine the major 
intergovernmental problems in state and local relationships with the national government. It 
is strongly recommended that Political Science 111/112 be taken previously or concurrently. 

66 



311. Political Parties in the United States. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1980-1981. 

A study of the origins and history of American poHtical parties, their development, 
organization, leaders, conventions, platforms, and campaigns. Emphasis is given to recent 
changes in American political patterns. It is strongly recommended that Political Science 
111/112 be taken previously or concurrently. 

312. American Constitutional Law. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1980-1981. 

A study of the growth and development of the Constitution through the medium of 
judicial construction. Recent decisions illustrating its application to new conditions of the 
present age, and proposals for court modification are given particular attention. It is strongly 
recommended that Political Science 111/112 be taken previously or concurrently. 

313. Foundations of American Law. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1980-1981. 

This course provides an historical survey of the Western legal tradition from classical 
times through eighteenth century conceptions of the English common law as an introduc- 
tion to the study of the evolution of American law. It supplements the study of American 
Constitutional law but does not duplicate the content of Political Science 312. It is strongly 
recommended for pre-law students. 

Prerequisite: permission of the instructor. 

314. Public Opinion. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1980-1981. 

An analysis of the nature and sources of contemporary public opinion, with special 
attention to methods of determining public opinion. 

350. Select Problems in Political Science. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1979-1980. 

A course to provide the student with an opportunity to explore in depth a topic of 
special interest. It is strongly recommended that Political Science 111/112 be taken 
previously or concurrently. 

390. Internship. 3-6 hours credit. Either semester. 

(Maximum of 15 hours credit) 
Supervised academic and field experience in a governmental agency, with an elected 
public official, or in electoral activity. Participants will be selected by members of the De- 
partment staff. 

Prerequisite: Political Science 111/112. 

411. Political Theory. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1980-1981. 

A survey of the different philosophies and theories of government, ancient and 
modern, with special reference to political philosophy since the sixteenth century. It is 
strongly recommended that Political Science 111/112 be taken previously or concurrently. 

412. Senior Seminar in Political Science. 3:3:0. Second semester. 

Reading, discussion, and written assignments to accomplish the following purposes: 
1) relation of the discipline to other fields of knowledge and (2) development and 
expression of an individual political philosophy by the student. 

Prerequisites: a major in political science and senior standing; or permission of 
the instructor. 

413. International Politics. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1979-1980. 

A course in the origin, forms, dynamics, and prospects of the international political 
pattern, with emphasis on current developments and changing concepts in world politics. It 
is strongly recommended that Political Science 111/112 be taken previously or concurrently. 

500. Independent Study. 1-3 hours credit. Either semester. 

(Maximum of 3 semesters) 
A course designed for students who wish to undertake an independent study project in 
political science. Open to all students, subject to the following qualifications: 

Those who do not desire departmental honors are admitted by permission of the 
instructor who agrees to accept supervision of the student's work. 
Students desiring departmental honors must meet the conditions set forth above under 
"Departmental of Honors." 

67 



HUMANITIES 



Genera] Adviser: Professor Ford. Concentration Area Advisors: English, Pro- 
fessor Ford; French, German, Spanish, Dr. Iglesias; Philosophy, Mr. Thompson. 

The humanities major examines the spectrum of mankind's response to his 
speculative and creative urges. The humanities comprise the family of know^ledge 
that deals with what it has been — and is — to be human, to make value judgments, 
to select the wiser course of action. Specifically, the humanities major explores 
human values, as expressed through literature in English, French, German, and 
Spanish; art; music; and philosophy. This interdisciplinary approach allows the 
student to explore the humanities in more breadth than do the traditional majors 
and at the same time allows for a degree of concentration in one area of the 
humanities. 

All courses are taught by the respective departments and share the objectives 
of those departments. These objectives and specific course content are described 
in the respective departmental sections in this catalog. 

The program is concerned with the full intellectual development of the 
person as well as with vocational preparation, such as for graduate, theological, 
and law schools, and for careers in business and government. 

Basic Requirements: Art 110, Art 201 or 203; English 227/228; Foreign 
Language 115, 116 (French, German, or Spanish); Music 100, Philosophy 110, 
228; History 111/112, for a total of 33 hours. 

Concentration Requirements: (One of the following): 

English: English 221, 222, 322, 337, for a total of 12 hours. 

Foreign Language: 12 additional hours in the same language above the 116 

level. 
Philosophy: Philosophy 120, 323, or. 333, and any other two (2) courses in 

philosophy for a total of 12 hours. 

Degree: For the student who majors in humanities, the B.A. degree is offered. 

INDIVIDUALIZED MAJOR I 

Occasionally a student finds that his career goals cannot be met by a 
traditional major at the college. For this student an individualized major may be a 
logical choice. Working with two advisors a student develops a plan of study 
including a rationale for the specific major, a schedule for taking existing college \ 
courses which relate to the individualized major, as well as describing those i 
courses which the student needs to pursue on an independent study basis or 
perhaps take at another college. The plan of study must also include those courses 
to fulfill the general requirements of the college. The curriculum is then submitted 
to the Dean of the College for approval. 

Requirements: Those courses specified within the approved individualized 
major plus those courses to meet the general requirements of the college. 

Degrees: B.A. or B.S. degree (depending upon concentration) with an indi- 
vidualized major. 



INTERDISCIPLINARY COURSES 

130. Philosophy in Literature. 3 hours credit. Either semester upon demand. 

A detailed critical examination of v^arious Hterary works having philosophical con- 
tent. Exact topics and works to be considered will vary from year to year. 
Prerequisite: Philosophy 110 or consent of the instructors. 

68 



332. Seminar in Psychology and Literature. 3 hours credit. Second semester. 

A consideration of major psychological theories for use in literary interpretation. 
Prerequisite: a major in psychology or English, junior or senior standing and/or 
permission of the staff. 

334. Seminar in Philosophy and Psychology. 3 hours credit. Second semester. 

A detailed consideration of matters of common interest to philosophy and psychology, 
taught by members of both departments. Topics will vary from 3 ear to year. 
Prerequisite: consent of the instructors. 

LANGUAGES 

See Foreign Langues, page 58. 



MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES 

Professor Mayer, Chairman; Associate Professors Fleischman and Hearsey; Assis- 
tant Professor Burras; Adjunct Assistant Professor Baxter. 

The department of Mathematical Sciences offers majors in Actuarial Science, 
Computer Science, and Mathematics with concentrations in classical mathema- 
tics, applied mathematics, operations research, and secondary school teaching. 

A unique program among undergraduate colleges in the United States, the 
Actuarial Science program specifically prepares students for the first four exami- 
nations of the Society of Actuaries and the Casualty Actuarial Society. 

The Computer Science major has a strong scientific orientation conforming 
with the recommendations of the Association for Computing Machinery. Expo- 
sure to computer applications is assured through an internship in a business 
computer operation. 

Majors in the mathematics area are prepared for work in business, industry 
and government; in secondary teaching; or for advanced degree study in graduate 
schools. Computer Science and Operations Research also are areas in which 
Lebanon Valley College graduates do advanced work. 

REQUIREMENTS; 

Core Courses: All majors must complete Mathematics 111, 112, 211, 201, 242, 
266, 321. 

B.S. with major in Actuarial Science. Core Courses and Mathematics 385, 386, 
481, 482, Ma 471, 472; also Economics 110, 120, Accounting 151, 152. Examina- 
tion of the Society of Actuaries must be passed by the fall of the senior year. 

B.S. with major in Computer Science. Core Courses and Mathematics 322, 
341, 342, 363, 364, 441, 444; also EngUsh 215, Psychology 110, 337, Philosophy 
228, Physics 103, 104, 212. 

B.S. with major in Mathematics. Core Courses and 12 semester hours in 
courses numbered above 300 (no more than three hours in seminar). Suggested 
choices are: 

Graduate School preparation: Mathematics 322, 363, 364, 400, 412, 450. 

Operations Research: Mathematics 341, 342, 363, 364, 450, 466, 471, 472. 

Secondary School Teaching: Mathematics 322, 331, 400, 452, 471, 472. 

DEPARTMENTAL HONORS 

Students may participate in the departmental honors program if they have 
demonstrated high scholastic ability and have received permission for such 
participation from the departmental chairman and the dean of the college no later 
than the end of the first semester of the junior year. 

69 



A student may receive upon graduation, departmental honors if he has 
maintained a 3.0 grade-point average in mathematics and has satisfactorily 
completed the departmental honors program. 

100. Basic Concepts of Mathematics. 3:3:0. First semester. 

Outlines of some basic mathematical concepts. 

102. Algebra and Trigonometry. 3:3:0. Second semester. 

College algebra and trigonometry. 

Ill, 112. Analysis I, II. 5:5:0 per semester. 

A rigorous introduction to continuity, derivative, integral, and series, for mathematics 
and actuarial science majors. 

161, 162, Calculus I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. 

Introduction to derivative, integral, series, and partial derivative with emphasis on 
applications. 

166. Calculus II and Differential Equations. 3:3:0. Second semester. 

An alternative continuation of Mathematics 161 w^ith emphasis on applications in the 
biological and medical sciences. 

Prerequisite: Mathematics 161. 

170. Elementary Statistics. 3:3:0. Either semester. 

Descriptive and inferential statistics. An introductory course requiring no calculus. 

201. Foundation of Mathematics. 3:3:0. First semester. 

Introduction to logic, set theory, real numbers. 
Prerequisite: Mathematics 112.* 

211. Analysis III. 3:3:0. First semester. 

A continuation of Analysis I, II. 
Prerequisite: Mathematics 112.* 

242. Introduction to Computer Science. 3:3:0. Second semester. 

Computer logic and languages, algorithmic procedures, computer design, applica- 
tions. 

Prerequisite: Mathematics 112.* 

261. Calculus III. 3:3:0. First semester. 

Vector calculus, differential equations and applications. 
Prerequisite: Mathematics 162.* 

266. Differential Equations. 3:3:0. Second semester. 

First and second order linear differential equations, power series solutions, special 
functions. Introduction to partial differential equations. Special topics. 
Prerequisite: Mathematics 211 or 261. 

321. Linear Algebra. 3:3:0. First semester. 

Vector spaces, transformations, matrices, systems of equations. j 

Prerequisite: Mathematics 112.* ^ 

322. Abstract Algebra. 3:3:0. Second semester. 

Fundamentals of groups, rings, and fields. 
Prerequisite: Mathematics 321.* 

331. Geometry. 3:3:0. First semester. 

Introduction to the axioms of geometries; Euclidean and non-Euclidean geometries. 
Prerequisite: Mathematics 112.* 



*Prerequisites may be waived by the department. 
70 



341. Computer Organizer and Assembler. 3:3:0. First semester. 

Computer architecture, assembly language, I/O routines. 
Prerequisite: Mathematics 242. 

342. Data Structures. 3:3:0. Second semester. 

Graphs, file structures, sort and search routines, advanced applications. 
Prerequisite: Mathematics 242. 

361, 362. Methods of Applied Mathematics I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. 

Linear vector spaces, matrices, determinants, integral equations, partial differential 
equations, integral formulas. 

Prerequisite: Mathematics 266.* 

363, 364. Classical and Numerical Analysis, I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. 

Taylor's theorem, Newton's method, numerical integration, power series, perturbation 
series, asymtotic series. Fourier series, Runge-Kutta method, finite differences, interpola- 
tion. 

Prerequisite: Mathematics 266.* 

385. Seminar in Actuarial Science I; Theory of Interest. 3:3:0. First semester. 

386. Seminar in Actuarial Science II; Numerical Analysis for Actuaries. 

3:3:0. Second semester. 

400. Seminar. 1:1:0. Either semester. 

A seminar devoted to problem solving techniques. 

412. Functions of a Complex Variable. 3:3:0. Second semester. 

Analytic functions, contour integration, Cauchy theorem, residue theory, conformal 
mapping. 

Prerequisite: Mathematics 211.* 

441. Programming Languages and Compiler Construction. 3:3:0. First semester. 

Grammars and languages, recognizers, symbol tables, storage allocation. 
Prerequisite: Mathematics 242. 
Corequisite: Mathematics 341. 

444. Internship in Computer Science. 3 hours credit. 

Field experience in a business or industrial computer operation. 
Prerequisite: Junior standing in Computer Science. 

450. Special Topics. 3:3:0. each semester. 

A junior/senior course whose contents are chosen according to student interest. 
Examples are Topology, Graph Theory, Applied Linear Algebra. 

452. Seminar for Teachers. 1:1:0. Second semester. 

A seminar for prospective mathematics teachers. This seminar is required of those 
students who wish to become certified to teach mathematics. 

466. Topics in Operations Research. 3:3:0. Second semester. 

Linear programming, transportation and assignment problems, basic game theory, 
introduction to other topics. 

Prerequisites: Mathematics 211 or 261, and 264. 

471. Mathematical Probability. 3:3:0. First semester. 

Sample space, random variables, probability laws and distributions, limit theorems. 
Prerequisite: Mathematics 211.* 

472. Mathematical Statistics. 3:3:0 Second semester. 

Generating functions, frequency distributions, decision theory, tests of hypotheses. 
Prerequisite: Mathematics 471*. 

*Prerequisites may be waived by the department. 

71 



481. Life Contingencies I. 3:3:0. First semester. 

The life contingencies material for the Part 4 SOA exam is studied. This includes sin- 
gle life tables, annuities, insurances, reserves, multiple life tables, pensions. 
Prerequisite: Mathematics 472. 

482. Life Contingencies IL 3:3:0. Second semester. 

The life contingencies material for the Part 5 SOA exam is studied. In addition to 
further study of the Mathematics 481 topics, this includes modified reserves, compound 
contingent functions, and revisionary annuities. 

Prerequisite: Mathematics 472. 

500. Independent Study. 1-3 hours credit. Either semester. 

(Maximum of 9 hours credit.) 
Independent work for majors enrolled in the departmental honors program and others. 



METROPOLITAN SEMESTER COURSES 

240. Theology in the City. 3 hours credit. Either semester. 

An intensive study of the process of theological thinking, using the student's experi- 
ences in the city as primary data; study of the life of the church and its engagement in so- 
ciety; study of the poor and oppressed and the relationship of the church to such people. 
The course will be taught largely by the inductive method, relying to a great extent on the 
student's initiative in being involved in urban life. 

Prerequisite: Consent of the instructor. 

250. Work Internship. 6 hours credit. Either semester. 

Internships in service, technical and business agencies and institutions of choice of 
students are supervised by staff members of the Metropolitan Semester. Three-and-one-half 
or four days per week. 

260. Metropolitan Seminar. 3 hours credit. Either semester. 

The seminar surveys the major issues in urban America, using Philadelphia as the 
point of reference. 

270. The City and Fine Arts. 3 hours credit. Either semester. 

An introductory survey of fine arts related to urban life as exemplified in Philadel- 
phia. Regular seminar work is supplemented by field studies in institutions such as the Art 
Museum, Philadelphia Orchestra, Theatre, and the like. 

280. Social Sciences Research Seminar. 3 hours credit. Either semester. 

The seminar surveys the nature of social research with special emphasis on methods of 
collecting valid data. Students design and complete a small research study on a relevant 
urban problem. 

290. Values Seminar. 3 hours credit. Either semester. 

Students examine ethical issues and moral dilemmas which arise from personal life, 
work in large organizations, and the conduct of public policy. 



MUSIC 

Associate Professor Lau, Chairman; Professors Emeritus Bender, Lanese, and 
Thurmond; Professors Curfman and Getz; Associate Professors Fairlamh, Richard- 
SON, Smith, Stachow and Siviegart; Assistant Professors Alhrecht, Burrichter, 
Engiebright, Geissel, and Morgan; Adjunct Assistant Professors Chandler and 
Knisley; Adjunct Instructors Bilger, Binkley, Bowers, Chahitnoy, Dunn, Gingrich, 
Goehel, Myers, Nixon, Reed, Stamhach, and Strohman. 

72 



The aims of the department of music are to prepare performers, church 
musicians, and teachers, to teach music historically and aesthetically as an ele- 
ment of liberal culture, and to offer courses that give a thorough and practical 
understanding of theoretical subjects. 

Attendance at a portion of faculty and student recitals is compulsory. 

All majors in the department are required to take private instruction on 
campus in their principal performance medium. 

Participation in music organizations may be required of all majors. 

One-half hour of private instruction is included in the basic tuition. 

For additional music fees see page 16. 

MUSIC 

(Bachelor of Arts degree] 

This program is designed for those students desiring a liberal arts context in 
their preparation for a career in applied music. 

For the student w/ho chooses the course of study in applied music, a minimum 
of 49 hours is required. 

Special Requirements 

All majors are required to take an hour lesson per v^eek in their principal 
performance medium and are expected to perform a half recital in the junior year 
and a full recital in the senior year. 

All majors outside of the keyboard area are required to study piano (private or 
class) until the minimum requirements have been met. 

For the recommended plan of study in this program see page 102. 

SACRED MUSIC 

(Bachelor of Arts degree] 

This program is designed for those students preparing for a career as full-time 
directors of church music, as ministers of music, or as college teachers. The 
principal performance medium must be voice or organ unless approval is granted 
for other performance media by the department chairman and the adviser in 
sacred music. 

For the student who chooses the course of study in sacred music, a minimum 
of 55 hours is required. 

All majors are expected to acquire sufficient skill to assume responsibilities as 
a qualified parish church musician. 

Majors whose principal performance medium is organ are expected to study 
voice for at least two years, one of which may be class experience. 

Majors whose principal performance medium is voice, upon admission to the 
program are expected to show sufficient keyboard proficiency so that after two 
additional years of piano study (normally by the end of the sophomore year) they 
may benefit from a year of organ study. 

For the recommended plan of study in the program see page 102. 

MUSIC EDUCATION 

(Bachelor of Science degree) 

This program has been approved by the Pennsylvania Department of Educa- 
tion and the National Association of Schools of Music for the preparation of 
teachers of public school music. 

A "track system" permits the student to select an area of concentration: (1) 
general, (2) instrumental, (3) keyboard/vocal. 

For the student w^ho chooses the general track system a minimum of 72 hours 
is required. For the student who chooses the instrumental track system a 
minimum of 69 hours is required. For the student who chooses the keyboard/vocal 
track system a minimum of 66y2 hours is required. 

73 



The music education curriculum requires voice instruction (class or private) 
for a minimum of one year and piano instruction (class or private) for a minimum 
of two years. A competency jury must be passed successfully in each area. 

For the recommended plan of study in this program see page 103. 

During the student teaching semester, no student w^ill be permitted to par- 
ticipate in any extra-curricular activity v^ithout departmental approval. 

DEPARTMENTAL HONORS 

1. A candidate must have achieved a minimum grade-point average of 3.00 at the 
end of the sophomore year, and must maintain this minimum to remain eligible 
for honors status. 

2. The private instructor in the candidate's principal performance medium must 
recommend the student for full recital privileges during the senior year, and 
will serve as adviser to the individual's departmental honors program. 

3. The candidate through reading and research will produce a thesis or an essay, 
based on a problem or subject of his own choosing under the direct supervision 
of his faculty adviser. Creative work will be encouraged with reference to, or 
emphasis upon, his principal performance medium. 

4. Honors recognition shall be dependent upon the quality of the prepared thesis 
or essay and the level of the candidate's recital performance, both to be 
reviewed by a committee of three, including the private instructor (adviser), the 
chairman of the department, and a third music faculty member to be designated 
by the chairman with the approval of the adviser. 

5. In addition to any established pattern of announcing honors candidates and 
recipients, the printed recital program shall also indicate "in partial fulfillment 
of requirements for Honors in Music." 

6. A maximum of 9 hours credit can be earned in departmental honors. 

7. Upon the completion of the above requirements at a satisfactory level, the 
student will be recommended by the reviewing committee to the dean of the 
college for graduation with departmental honors. 

I: THEORY OF MUSIC 
Sight Singing 

111. Sight Singing I. 1:2:0. First semester. 

A beginning course in music reading with the use of syllables, incorporating the 
elements of melody and rhythm within the beat and its division. The following are 
studied: basic beat patterns, simple and compound time, diatonic intervals, implied 
harmonic structure within the melodic line, the C clefs, modulations. Phrasing and the 
application of dynamics are stressed. 

112. Sight Singing II. 1:2:0. Second semester. 

A continuation of music reading, using more difficult melodies and rhythms, the 
beat and its subdivision, and additional interval problems. Exercises in four clefs, 
employing modal melodies, remote modulation, superimposed background and meter, 
changing and less common time signatures. 

Ear Training 

113. Ear Training I. 1:2:0. First semester. 

The study of the basics of music notation essential for the writing of melodic and 
rhythmic dictation. Emphasis is placed upon aural recognition of intervals, scales, triads 
and their inversions, and simple harmonic progressions and cadences. Harmonic 
dictation is begun in the latter half of the course. Correlated with Sight Singing. 

114. Ear Training II. 1:2:0. Second semester. 

A study of more difficult tonal problems including seventh and ninth chords, 
chromaticism, modulation, and modality. Emphasis is placed upon harmonic and 
corrective dictation. Correlated with Sight Singing. 

74 



Harmony 

115. Harmony I. 2:3:0. First semester. 

A study of the rudiments of music including notation, scales, intervals, and triads; 
the connection of triads by harmonizing melodies and basses with fundamental triads; 
playing of simple cadences at the piano; analysis of phrases and periods. 

116. Harmony H. 2:2:0. Second semester. 

A study of inversions of triads, seventh and ninth chords, harmonizations of 
melodies and figured basses; analysis and composition of the smaller forms; modulation. 

215. Harmony III. 2:2:0. First semester. 

The use of dominant and diminished sevenths as embellishments of and substitutes for 
diatonic harmony; harmonization of melodies and figured basses; analysis of two and 
three-part song forms; composition in two-part song form. Playing of more advanced 
cadences and modulations at the piano. 

315. Elementary Composition* on special announcement. 2:2:0. First semester. 

Melody analysis and writing: four-part choral writing; continuation of two and 
three-part song-form analysis and composition. Composition in theme and variations, 
fantasia, rondo, and dance forms. Study of contemporary harmonic ideas. 

316. Keyboard Harmony. 2:2:0. Second semester. 

Work at the piano includes reading from figured bass and score reading. Additional 
work includes transposition and improvisation. (Students are placed in elementary, inter- 
mediate or advanced sections on the basis of keyboard ability.) The successful completion 
of a piano jury is required for admission to the course. 

Additional Theory Courses 

217. Basic Concepts of Structure and Style. 2:2:0. First semester. 

A course designed to develop the student's knowledge of specific musical styles 
resulting from the synthesis of music's constituent and expressive elements. The study is 
approached through listening to, discussing, and analyzing compositions representing a 
variety of styles and media. Other course objectives include: acquaintance with literature, 
comprehensive application of the basics of music theory, and development of musicianship. 

224. Counterpoint. 2:2:0. Second semester. 

Introductory work in strict counterpoint through three and four-part work in all the 
species. 

226. Form and Analysis I. 2:2:0. Second semester. 

A study of simple and compound forms, variations, contrapuntal forms, rondo and 
sonata forms. Compositions in these forms are studied primarily for their structural content. 
Course includes extensive listening. 

329. Form and Analysis II** on special announcement 2:2:0. First semester. 

A study through analysis and listening of fugal forms, suite, overture, complete sonata 
forms (evolution of the symphony), string quartet, the tone poem. Analysis of classical and 
contemporary works in these forms. 

400. Arranging and Scoring for the Stage Band. 2:2:0. Either semester. 

Study of modern harmony, modulation, style analysis, special instrumental effects as 
applied to modern arranging. Laboratory analysis and demonstration of sectional and 
ensemble voicings. 

410. Composition, Schillinger System. Private teaching. 

A scientific system of music composition created by the late Joseph Schillinger, 
teacher of such accomplished professionals as George Gershwin and Ted Royal Dewar. 

The major aims of the system are to: (1) generalize underlying principles regarding the 
behavior of tonal phenomena; (2) classify all the available resources of our tonal system; (3) 

*Majors in music and sacred music. 
**Majors in music. 

75 



teach a comprehensive application of scientific method to all components of the tonal art, to 
problems of melody, rhythm, harmony, counterpoint, orchestration, and to composition 
itself 

The system is best studied in the light of a traditional background and admission to 
course or private instruction is by special permission only. 

416. Orchestration. 2:2:0. Second semester. 

Study of instrumentation, devices, techniques, and mechanics of scoring transcrip- 
tions, arrangements and solos for orchestra and concert band; special work in scoring for 
mixed ensembles as they occur in public schools. Laboratory analysis and demonstration of 
various instrumental colors and combinations. Emphasis is placed on creative scoring. 



II. METHODS AND MATERIALS 

333. Methods and Materials, General Music: Elementary. 3:3:0. First semester. 

A comprehensive study of general music teaching at the elementary level, including 
the rationale for building a music education curriculum, current emphases in music 
education, varied approaches for developing conceptual learning, movement, playing 
classroom instruments, introduction to Orff and Kodaly techniques, creative applications, 
guided listening, the child voice, materials, and interest centers for open classrooms. 

334. Methods and Materials, General Music: Junior High School. 3:3:0. Second semester. 

Materials and approches for junior high school general music, attention to the 
organization and presentation of a varied program, and recent trends in teaching. Adoles- 
cent voices, creative applications, improvisation, guided listening, interest centers, units of 
study, and characteristics of youth. 

335. Methods and Materials, Instrumental: Fourth, Fifth and Sixth Grades. 

2:2:0. First semester. 

A study of methods and materials used in teaching band and orchestral instruments to 
children in these grades, with emphasis on a sound rhythmic approach. Both individual and 
class techniques are studied. Musical rudiments as applied to instrumental teaching are 
reviewed. 

336. Methods and Materials, Instrumental: Junior and Senior High School. 

2:2:0. Second semester. 

A study of intermediate and advanced instrumental teaching techniques; methods of 
organizing and directing school orchestras and bands; fundamentals of miusicianship. 

402. Seminar in Advanced Instrumental Problems. 2:2:0. Second semester. 

A study of the general and specific problems which confront the director of school 
orchestras, bands, and instrumental classes. Problems of general interest include: organiza- 
tion and management, stimulating and maintaining interest; selecting beginners; scheduling 
rehearsals and class lessons; financing and purchasing instruments, uniforms, and other 
equipment; marching band formations and drills; evaluating music materials; organizing 
festivals, contests, and public performances. 

404. Music Education Seminar: Secondary Level. 2:2:0. Second semester. 

A study of aspects of secondary school vocal music curriculum and related course 
offerings. Topics with which a high school choral teacher or director of music will need to be 
knowledgeable are investigated with particular attention given to those problems relating to 
the responsibilities of the vocal music teacher. Philosophy of music education, music 
theater, tests and measurements, elective courses, planning inservice events, and choral 
materials. 

405. Methods in Piano Pedagogy. 2:2:0. First semester. 

A study of methods of teaching piano to children and adults. The course includes the 
song approach method, presentation of the fundamental principles of rhythm, sight reading, 
tone quality, form, technique, pedaling, transposition, and the harmonization of simple 
melodies. Materials are examined and discussed. 

76 



412. Electronic Music. 1:1:1. Second semester. 

An introduction to the use and function of synthesizers and their application to the 
electronic music field, with special attention to the education area, live performance, and 
integration with studio equipment. 

422. Church Music Methods and Administration.* 2:2:0. Second semester. 

Offered 1979-1980. 

A course designed to acquaint the student with the organization, direction and 
management of the church music program. General and specific problems which confront 
the church musician are discussed. Topics of concern include the planning and develop- 
ment of a sound choir program with emphasis on solicitation of participants and the 
maintenance of interest; the methods and techniques of rehearsal; the preparation of budget 
and the management of funds; the incorporation of the church year in the selection of 
literature; committee and pastoral relationships. 

III. STUDENT TEACHING 

441. Student Teaching. 12 semester hours credit. First semester. 

Each student spends a semester in the music department of an area public school under 
the supervision of cooperating teachers. Experiences are provided according to the indi- 
vidual student's selection of a track program, with emphasis on general, instrumental, or 
keyboard/vocal areas. Requirements are: (1] a cumulative grade-point average of 2.0 during 
the first six semesters in college, (2) ability to demonstrate proficiency in the competencies 
for music teachers as set forth by the Pennsylvania Department of Education, (3) approval by 
the music faculty. 

IV. INSTRUMENTAL COURSES 

Class Instruction in Band and Orchestral Instruments. 

Practical courses in which students, in addition to being taught the fundamental 
principles underlying the playing of all band and orchestral instruments, learn to play on 
instruments of each group, viz., string, woodwind, brass, and percussion. Problems of class 
procedure in public schools are discussed: transposition of all instruments is taught. 
Ensemble playing is an integral part of these courses. 

Brass Instruments (Trumpet [Cornet]. Horn, Trombone, Baritone, Tuba] 

123. Brass I. 1:2:0. First semester. 

A study of two of the above instruments. 

124. Brass II. 1:2:0. Second semester. 

A study of the remainder of the above instruments. 

Percussion Instruments (Snare Drum, Timpani, Bass Drum, etc) 

227. Percussion I. V2:l:0. First semester. 

A study of snare drum only. 

328. Percussion II. V2:l:0. Second semester. 

A study of the remainder of the above instruments. 

Woodwind Instruments ((Clarinet, Mute, Piccolo, Oboe, Saxophone, Bassoon) 

231. Woodwind I. 1:2:0. First semester. 

A study of the clarinet. 

232. Woodwind II. 1:2:0. Second semester. 

A study of the remainder of the above instruments. 

String Instruments (Violin, Viola, Cello, String Bass) 

337. String I. 1:2:0. First Semester. 

A study of all of the above instruments. 



*Ma)ors in sacred music. 



11 



338. String II. 1:2:0. Second semester. 

A continuation of the study of all of the above instruments. 

Instrumental Seminar. 1/2:1 :0 or 1:2:0. First or second semester. 

Application of specific techniques to problems of class instruction. 

420. Brass Prerequisite: Music 124. 

430. Percussion Prerequisite: Music 328. 

440. String Prerequisite: Music 338. 

450. Woodwind Prerequisite: Music 232. 



V. MUSIC ORGANIZATIONS 

Opportunities for ixidividual performance in a group experience are provided by music 
organizations. Membership in the organizations is open on an audition basis to all students 
of the college. 

601. Symphonic Band. 0:3:0 per semester. 

The Blue and White Marching Band of L.V.C. is noted for its half-time performances 
during the football season. In the Symphonic Band the finest original music for band is per- 
formed, as w^ell as arrangements of the standard repertoire. Membership in the band is 
dependent upon the ability of the applicant and the instrumentation of the band. Students 
from all departments of the college are invited to audition. 

602. All-Girl Band. 0:1:0 per semester. 

L.V.C. is unique in having one of the few all-girl bands in the nation. All girls in the 
college with ability as instrumentalists are welcome to audition. Mem.bership depends upon 
proficiency and the needs of the band regarding instrumentation. 

603. Symphony Orchestra. 0:3:0 per semester. 

The Symphony Orchestra is an organization of symphonic proportions maintaining a 
high standard of performance. A professional interpretation of a wide range of standard 
orchestral literature is insisted upon. 

604. Concert Choir. 0:3:0 per semester. 

The Concert Choir is composed of approximately fifty voices, selected by audition. All 
phases of choral literature are studied intensively. In addition to on-campus programs and 
appearances on radio and television, the Concert Choir makes an annual tour. 

605. College Chorus.* 0:1:0 per semester. 

The College Chorus provides an opportunity to study and participate in the presenta- 
tion of choral literature of major composers from all periods of music history. It is open to all 
students who are interested in this type of musical performance and who have had some 
experience in singing. 

606. Chapel Choir. 0:1:0 per semester. 

The Chapel Choir is composed of approximately forty voices, selected by audition. The 
main function of this choir is to provide musical leadership in the college's chapel services. 
In addition, seasonal services of choral music are prepared. 

607. Beginning Ensemble. 0:1:1 per semester. 

A training band and orchestra in which students play secondary instruments and 
become acquainted with elementary band and orchestral literature. Opportunity is given for 
advanced conducting students to gain experience in conducting. 

608. Wind Ensemble. 0:1:0 per semester. 

The Wind Ensemble provides an opportunity for advanced players of wind and 
percussion instruments to play the growing repertoire of music being written for this 
medium. In addition, standard classical works for wind and/or percussion instruments are 
played. The members of this organization are chosen by audition. 

*Majors in sacred music. 
78 



Instrumental Small Ensembles.* 0:1:0 per semester. 

Open to the advanced player on an audition basis. 

611. String Trio 617. Saxophone Trio 

612. String Quartet 618. Saxophone Quartet 

613. Clarinet Choir 619. Saxophone Quintet 

614. Woodwind Quintet 620. Saxophone Ensemble 

615. Brass Ensemble 621. Flute Ensemble 

616. Percussion Ensemble 622. Horn Ensemble 

VI. THE HISTORY AND APPRECIATION OF MUSIC 

100. History and Appreciation of Music. 3:3:0. Either semester. 

A course for the non-music major designed to increase the individual's musical 
perceptiveness. Through selective, intensive listening, the student develops concepts of 
musical materials and techniques. The vocabulary this gained is utilized in a survey of 
Western music beginning with the 20th century and progressing backwards to the Middle 
Ages. This course is designed primarily for the student with no previous musical 
background. May not be taken if student completed Music 341 and/or 342. 

321. Hymnology* 2:2:0. First semester. 

Offered 1978-1979. 

A study of the historic;al development of hymns and hymn singing and an in-depth 
approach to the current hymncxlical practices of the Christian churc;hes. 

322. Sacred Choral Literature Seminar.* 2:2:0. Second semester. 

Offered 1978-1979. 

A study of sacred choral literature to extend the scope of the student's familiarity with 
major works and to promote further investigation. Emphasis is placed upon the development 
of sound aesthetic judgment in selecting literature for various liturgical settings. Examina- 
tion is made of standard oratorios, requiems, cantatas and anthems; sources for materials are 
identified. 

341/342. History and Literature of Music I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. 

A survey course of the history of Western music. Emphasis is placed on the various 
stylistic developments which have occurred from one era to another, cm the composers who 
have been responsible for these developments, and the music written during these various 
eras illustrating these stylistic trends. For this purpose, extensive use of recordings is made a 
part of the course. The first semester includes the development of music up to the IBaroque 
era, the second semester from the Baroque to the present. May not be taken if student com- 
pleted Music 100. 

351 352 353 354. Organ Seminar I, II, III, IV. 2:2:0. per semester. 

A four-semester sequence based upon the investigation and study of the following: 
,351. Organ Design and Registration. 
,'352. Organ History and Literature. 

(Early times through the mid-Baroque with emphasis upon French and German 

music.) 
3,53. Organ History and Literature. 

(An investigation of the organ literature of ). S. Bach and his contemporaries; 

organ literature of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.) 
354. (Church Service Playing. 

Required for organ students majoring in music and sacred music; open to other 
students with the approval of the instructor. 

406. Piano Seminar. 2:2:0. Second semester, on demand. 

A survey of the history of the piano including a brief review of its predecessors; a study 
of the literature for the instrument, with special emphasis on that available to the average 
student; a study of the problems encountered in the preparation of piano material, its 
presentation in recital, and related pedagogical problems. 

Required for all piano students majoring in music; open to other students with the 
approval of the instructor. 

*Majors in sacred music. 

79 



421. Liturgy.* 2:2:0. First semester. 

Offered 1979-1980. 

A study of the music and its forms as related to the historical development and the 
current practice of the service of the Christian churches. 

462. Music Literature Seminar.** 3:3:0. Second semester. 

A study of music literature to extend the scope of students' familiarity with major 
instrumental works and to promote further investigation. Designed especially for the major 
in music with application of accumulated knowledge in theory, music history, and musical 
form. The course includes examination of various theories of aesthetics as they apply to 
music, a survey of orchestral literature, study of twentieth-century compositions, and 
student pursuit of a project of each individual's own interest. 

VII. CONDUCTING 

246. Principles of Conducting. 2:2:0. Second semester. 

Principles of conducting and the technique of the baton are presented. Each student 
conducts vocal and instrumental ensembles made up of the class personnel. 

345. Instrumental Conducting. 2:2:0. First semester. 

Emphasis on practical work with instrumental groups. Rehearsal techniques are 
applied through individual experience. 

347. Choral Conducting, 2:2:0. First semester. 

Further refinement of the conductor's basic technique applied to the choral idiom. 
Laboratory situations will provide for training in areas of rehearsal procedures, materials, 
and special problems of choral conducting: diction, tonal development and style. 

VIII. APPLIED MUSIC INSTRUCTION 

132. Diction for Singers. 1:2:0. Second semester. 

An introduction to the pronunciation of singer's English. German, French, Italian, and 
Latin, utilizing the International Phonetic Alphabet. Required for all voice students majoring 
in music, all students majoring in sacred music, and all keyboard-vocal track students 
majoring in music education; open to other students with the approval of the instructor. 

510. Class Piano Instruction. 1:1:0 per semester. 

520. Class Voice Instruction. 1:1:0 per semester. 

530. Individual Instruction. 1:V2:0 per semester. 

(Voice, Piano, Organ, Orchestral and Band Instruments.) 

Piano study (private or class) is required for a minimum of two years. 

540. Individual Instruction. 2:1:0 per semester. 

(Voice, Piano, Organ, Orchestra and Band Instruments.) 
A charge is made for the second half-hour of instruction. 

IX. DEPARTMENTAL HONORS AND 
INDEPENDENT STUDY 

500. Independent Study. 1-3 hours credit. Either semester, 

(Maximum of 9 hours credit.) 

A course designed for the student who desires to engage in independent study, either 

u^ith or without departmental honors. (See information on page 74 for Departmental Honors.) 

THE STUDENT RECITALS 

The student recitals are of inestimable value to all students in acquainting 
them with a wide range of the best musical literature, in developing musical taste 
and discrimination, in affording experience in appearing before an audience, and 
in gaining self-reliance as well as nerve control and stage demeanor. 

Students at all levels of performance appear in these student recitals. 
*Majors in sacred music. 
**Majors in music. 

80 



PHILOSOPHY 

Associate Professor Thompson, Chairman; Assistant Professor Heffner 

The department of philosophy serves a major purpose in the curriculum by 
attempting to make the student aware of the need for a critical evaluation and 
analysis of the ideas, beliefs, and faiths — scientific and humanistic — w^ithin the 
Western intellectual tradition. 

Part of the rationale for the study of philosophy at the college is found in the 
value of its attempt to examine the history of ideas as it comes to us from the 
ancient Greeks. But more than this, philosophy seeks to interpret and analyze 
these ideas as they relate to the student's own existence and that of mankind as a 
whole. The study of philosophy at Lebanon Valley College takes both inspiration 
and justification from the maxim of Socrates that "the unexamined life is not 
worth living." 

Major: A total of twenty-four hours, including Philosophy 120, is required for 
the philosophy major. 

Degree: For the student who majors in philosophy, the B.A. degree is offered. 



INDEPENDENT STUDY AND DEPARTMENTAL HONORS 

Students who wish to do independent work in philosophy beyond the scope 
of courses listed in the college catalog may elect, with departmental approval, to 
take Independent Study, Philosophy 500, which is conducted in a tutorial fashion. 

A junior or senior student may, with departmental permission, undertake to 
do individual study for honors by enrollment in Philosophy 500, Independent 
Study. This involves the writing and oral defense of a detailed research project or 
critical study on an approved topic. This program is open ordinarily only to 
departmental majors who have done well in their course work and are aiming at 
advanced work in philosophy; it is not, however, limited to such students. The 
student who successfully meets the requirements of the program shall be recom- 
mended to the dean of the college for graduation with departmental honors. 

110. Problems of Philosophy. 3:3:0, Either semester. 

An introducticjn to some of the main problems of philosophy and to the ways in which 
leading philosophers have dealt with them. As part of this course, students learn the critical 
analysis of ideas. 

120. General Logic. 3:3:0. Either semester. 

An introduction to the rules of clear and effective thinking. Attention is given to the 
logic of meaning, the logic of valid inference, and the logic of factual inquiry. Main 
emphasis is laid upon deductive logic, and students are introduced to the elements of 
symbolic logic as well as to traditional modes of analysis. 

228. Ethics. 3:3:0. Second semester. 

An inquiry into the central problems of ethics, with an examination of the responses of 
major ethical theories to those problems. 

231. Philosophy of Religion. 3:3:0. First semester. 

A study of the issues raised for philosophy by contemporary religious and theological 
thought. A critical examination of such problems as faith and reason; the meaning of 
revelation, symbolism, and language; the arguments for the existence of God; faith and 
history; religion and culture. 

240. Philosophy in the United States. 3:3:0. Either semester. 

A survey of philosophical thought in the United States from the colonial period to the 
present, with emphasis on the work of Peirce, James, and Dewey. 

81 



323. Greek Philosophy. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1980-1981. 

A study of the evolution of philosophy from its origin in the speculations of the 
pre-Socratic nature philosophers to the work of Hellenistic philosophers of the fourth 
century, with emphasis on the thought of Plato and Aristotle. 

Prerequisite: Philosophy 110 or consent of the instructor. 

326. Medieval Philosophy. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1980-1981. 

The history of philosophy is traced from the decline of the Hellenistic Age to the 
Renaissance, with emphasis on the development and subsequent criticism of the systematic 
elaborations of the schoolmen of the late Middle Ages. 

Prerequisite: Philosophy 110 or consent of the instructor. 

333. Modern Philosophy. 3:3:0. First semester. Not offered 1979-1980. 

This course follows the development of philosophic thought in the writings of the 
principal thinkers from the Renaissance to the beginning of the nineteenth century, with 
emphasis on the work of Hume and Kant. 

Prerequisite: Philosophy 110 or consent of the instructor. 

336. Twentieth Century Philosophy. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1979-1980. 

An examination of the foremost American, British, and Continental philosophers from 
1900 to the present. 

Prerequisite: Philosophy 110 or consent of the instructor. 

340. Aesthetics. 3:3:0. Offered either semester on sufficient demand only. 

A study of the nature and basis of criticism of works of art. 
Prerequisite: Philosophy 110 or consent of the instructor. 

341. Metaphysics. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1979-1980. 

A detailed consideration of the theory of reality, as interpreted by representative 
philosophers from the pre-Socratics to the British and American linguistic analysts, 
including the twentieth-century phenomenologists. 

Prerequisite: Philosophy 110 or consent of the instructor. 

346. Epistemology. 3:3:0. Second semester. Not offered 1979-1980. 

A critical and analytical study of the chief questions involved in "knowing," as 
formulated by representative thinkers from the time of Plato to the present. 
Prerequisite: Philosophy 110 or consent of the instructor. 

365. Philosophy of Science. 3:3:0. First semester. Not offered 1979-1980. 

An examination of the philosophical foundations of the physical sciences. Topics 
include: experimental method, structure and confirmation of theories, inductive logic, 
causality, philosophy of space and time. One of these topics is selected for special 
emphasis. Students are strongly urged to have taken a course in physics or chemistry. 

Prerequisite: Philosophy 110 or consent of the instructor. 

442. Seminar. 3 hours credit. Second semester. 

Discussion of selected problems of philosophy. 

Open to upperclassmen only, with consent of the instructor. 

500. Independent Study. 1-3 hours credit. Either semester. 

See information on page 81. (Maximum of 9 hours credit.] 

Prerequisite: consent of the instructor. 



PHYSICAL EDUCATION 

Associate Professor Petrofes, Chairman; Associate Professor Reed; Assistant Pro- 
fessor Satalin; Instructors Correll, and Harriger 

The aims of this department are (1] to encourage attitudes and habits of good 
82 



total health; (2) to develop the student's physical capacities; (3) to provide 
activities which will enrich leisure throughout one's life. 

Two (2) semesters of physical education are required. 

In addition to the family physician's report, it is strongly recommended that 
all entering students also undergo a thorough visual examination. 

Student are required to wear the regulation gymnasium outfit, which may be 
purchased at the college store. 

110. Physical Education (Men) (Women). 0:2:0 per semester. 

(Men) The physical education activities include: physical fitness and conditioning, 
touch football, basketball, softball, volleyball, badminton, handball, tennis, swimming, soc- 
cer, paddleball, and weight training. 

(Women) The physical education activities include: soccer, softball, swimming, ar- 
chery, volleyball, badminton, tennis, speedball, field hockey, basketball, and paddleball. 



PHYSICS 

Professor Rhodes, Chairman; Professor Emeritus Grimm; Associate Professor 
O'Donnell; Assistant Professor Thompson 

The department of physics attempts to develop in the student an increased 
understanding of the basic laws of nature as they relate to our physical environ- 
ment, and to indicate the possible extent, as well as the limitations, of our 
knowledge of the physical world. 

The course Physics 100 is designed especially for the non-science major who 
may wish only a one-semester introduction to the role of physics and its impact on 
society. The introductory course Physics 103, 104 is intended for students who 
desire a one-year survey course in physics without the calculus prerequisite. The 
sequence of courses 111, 112 and 211, 212 provides suitable training for students 
who anticipate additional work in the physical sciences, whether it be in physics, 
chemistry, engineering, applied mathematics, or some other area for which a 
strong background in physics is essential. Laboratory work is an integral part of all 
the physics courses at the freshman and sophomore level; laboratory work at the 
junior and senior levels is provided in Physics 327/328 and Physics 500. These 
are courses designed to acquaint the student with the experimental techniques 
and the measuring instruments appropriate to the various areas of investigation, 
and to give experience in the interpretation and communication of experimental 
results. Laboratory facilities include a neutron howitzer, beta and gamma detec- 
tion equipment with a multi-channel pulse height analyzer, lasers, a 50 kV X-ray 
diffractometer, and a harmonic wave analyzer. 

The department prepares students for graduate study, for research and 
development work in governmental and industrial laboratories, and for teaching 
physics in the secondary schools. It also provides background courses in physics 
appropriate for work in various basic and applied areas of the physical sciences, 
such as astrophysics, biophysics, space science, and computer technology. 

Major: Physics 111, 112, 211, 311, 312, 321, 322, and six additional semester 
hours, of which at least two shall be in experimental physics, for a total of 30 
hours; Math 161, 162, 261. 266 (12 hours) or 111, 112, 211, 266 (16 hours). 
Degree: For the student who majors in physics, the B.S. degree is offered. 

INDEPENDENT STUDY AND DEPARTMENTAL HONORS 

Independent Study, Physics 500, is available to all physics majors with the 
approval of the departmental chairman. Experimental facilities are available in the 
department for independent investigations in X-ray diffraction, neutron reactions, 
radioactivity, Mossbauer effect, gamma ray spectroscopy, and wave analysis. 

83 



Theoretical problems may be chosen from classical physics, statistical mechanics, 
or quantum mechanics. 

Physics majors who have demonstrated high academic ability may, with the 
permission of the departmental chairman and the dean of the college, participate 
in the departmental honors program in physics. Application for ad-^ission to this 
program should be made before the end of the junior year. A student admitted to 
the program enrolls in Physics 500 and works on an experimental or theoretical 
research project, normally for a period of a year, with departmental supervision. 
Upon the satisfactory completion of an approved project and the formal presenta- 
tion of a research paper before an examining committee, the student will be 
recommended to the dean of the college for graduation with departmental honors. 

100. Physics and Its Impact. 4:3:2. Either semester. 

A course designed to acquaint the student, especially the non-science major, with 
some of the important concepts of physics, both classical and modern, and with the 
scientific method, its nature and its limitations. The role of physics in the history of thought 
and its relationships to other disciplines and to society and government are considered. The 
weekly two-hour laboratory period provides experience in the acquisition, representation, 
and analysis of experimental data, and demonstration of the physical phenomena with 
which the course deals. No mathematics or science prerequisite. 

103, 104. General College Physics I, II. 4:3:3 per semester. 

An introduction to the fundamental concepts and laws of the various branches of 
physics, including mechanics, heat, sound, electricity, magnetism, optics, and atomic and 
nuclear structure, with laboratory work in each area. 

110. The Physics of Music. 3:3:0. Second semester. 

This course, for students with an interest in music, comprises a study of wave motion, 
the analysis and synthesis of waves, resonance, physical characteristics of music sounds, 
musical instruments, the reproduction and amplification of sound, and the acoustical 
properties of rooms. Whenever feasible, laboratory exercises and physical demonstrations 
will supplement or replace classroom instruction. A working knowledge of algebra and 
trigonometry is required. 

111, 112. Principles of Physics I, II. 4:3:3 per semester. 

An introductory course in classical physics, designed for students who desire a more 
rigorous mathematical approach to college physics than is given in Physics 103, 104. 
Calculus is used throughout. The first semester is devoted to mechanics and heat, and the 
second semester to electricity, magnetism, and optics, with laboratory work in each area. 
This course should be followed by Physics 211. 

Prerequisite or corequisite: Mathematics 111 or 161. 

211. Atomic and Nuclear Physics. 4:3:3. First semester. 

An introduction to modern physics, including the foundation of atomic physics, the 
quantum theory of radiation, the atomic nucleus, radioactivity, and nuclear reactions, with 
laboratory work in each area. 

Prerequisite: Physics 104 or 112. 

212. Introduction to Electronics. 4:3:3. Second semester. 

The physics of electrons and electronic devices, including vacuum tubes, diodes, 
transistors, power supplies, amplifiers, oscillators, switching circuits, and ser- 
vomechanisms, with laboratory work in each area. 

Prerequisite: Physics 104 or 112, or permission of the instructor. 

311, 312. Analytical Mechanics I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. 

A rigorous study of classical mechanics, including the motion of a single particle, the 
motion of a system of particles, and the motion of a rigid body. Damped and forced harmonic 
motion, the central force problem, the Euler description of rigid body motion, and the 
Lagrange generalization of Newtonian mechanics are among the topics ^"^eated. 

Prerequisites: Physics 111 and Mathematics 266. 

84 



321, 322. Electricity and Magnetism I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. 

A rigorous study of the basic phenomena of electromagnetism, together with the 
application of fundamental principles to the solving of problems. The electric and magnetic 
properties of matter, direct current circuits, alternating current circuits, the Maxwell field 
equations, and the propagation of electromagnetic waves are among the topics treated. 

Prerequisites: Physics 112 and Mathematics 266. 

327/328. Experimental Physics I, II. 1:0:3 per semester. 

Experimental work selected from the areas of mechanics, A.C. and D.C. electrical 
measurements, optics, atomic physics, or nuclear physics, with emphasis on experimental 
design, measuring techniques, and analysis of data. 

Prerequisite: Physics 211. 

421, 422. Modern Physics I, II. 3:3:0 per semester. 

A rigorous study of selected topics in modern physics, utilizing the methods of 
quantum mechanics. The Schrodinger equation is solved for such systems as potential 
barriers, potential wells, the linear oscillator, the rigid rotator, and the hydrogen atom. 
Perturbation techniques and the operator formalism of quantum mechanics are introduced 
where appropriate. 

Prerequisites: Physics 211 and Mathematics 266. 

430. The Teaching of Physics in Secondary Schools. 1:1:0. Either semester. 

A course designed to acquaint the student with some of the special methods, 
programs, and problems in the teaching of physics in secondary schools. 
Required for secondary certification in physics. 

480. Special Topics in Physics. 3:3:0 per semester. 

A seminar in one or more of the following areas of physics is offered each semester, and 
is open, with the approval of the instructor, to juniors and seniors from any department. 

(a) Thermodynamics. A study of the laws of thermodynamics from which the 
following topics are developed: thermodynamic variables, equations of state, phase transi- 
tions, specific heats, entropy, and low temperature phenomena. 

(b) Statistical Mechanics. Maxwell-Boltzmann, Bose-Einstein, and Fermi-Dirac statis- 
tics are derived and used to discuss specific heats, paramagnetism, the properties of 
molecules, photons, and electrons, and fluctuations. 

(c) Wave Theory. A study of the theory of waves as it applies to electrodynamics, 
optics, and acoustics. The topics covered include propagation of wave motion, wave guides, 
diffraction and interference phenomena, and polarization. 

(d) Nuclear Physics. The topics covered include properties of nuclei, nuclear force, 
nuclear models, properties of alpha, beta, and gamma decay, fission, and fusion. 

(e) Solid State Physics. The topics covered include the properties of crystals, elec- 
tronic states in solids, semiconductors, and the electric and magnetic properties of solids. 

500. Independent Study. 1-3 hours credit. Either semester. 

(Maximum of 9 hours credit.) 
An experimental or theoretical investigation in a selected area of physics under the 

supervision of a physics staff member. Open to all physics majors with the permission of the 

departmental chairman. 

See Information on page 83. 



PSYCHOLOGY 



Professor Davidon, Chairman: Professors Lasky and Love; Assistant Professor 
Carlson; Adjunct Assistant Professor Anolik; Adjunct Instructor Smith 

The program presents psychology from its scientific and professional 
perspectives, and provides a means for student's pyscho-social development 
through increased know^ledge. As a behavioral science, the program is designed to 

85 



contribute to students' general ediTcation, to provide a background for many 
human service occupations, and to prepare some for later graduate v^ork. There is 
a complete program for those preparing for graduate school studies in either 
experimental, clinical, educational, or school psychology or counseling. 

Many who major in psychology are employed upon graduation in agencies, 
hospitals, and industry. Furthermore, many of the courses provide an important 
background for those preparing for careers in others fields such as medicine, 
business and teaching. 

There is a program for majors who wish to qualify for teaching psychology in 
high school, with Pennsylvania Teaching Certification in Social Studies upon 
graduation. A double major in psychology and elementary education provides 
certification to teach in elementary school, as well as preparation for graduate 
work. 

Major: Psychology 110, 216, 236, 343 and 443; either 235 or 444, or both; 
either 332 or 335, and at least two of the following: 321, 346, 431, for a minimum 
of 27 hours. Certain substitutions may be approved by the Department. Students 
preparing for graduate school are advised to include Psychology 237 or 238. 

Degree; For the student who majors in psychology, the B.A. degree is offered. 

INDEPENDENT STUDY AND DEPARTMENTAL HONORS 

For the capable student who wishes to take part in selecting and planning his 
own investigation within particular areas of psychology, a program of indepen- 
dent study and research for credit may replace courses. The student is assisted by 
a member of the faculty with whom he has individual conferences. The student's 
investigation is designated as Independent Study (Psychology 500), whether or 
not he is a candidate for departmental honors. 

In order to begin a program of individual study for departmental honors, a 
psychology major is required to: (1) have an over-all grade-point average of 2.5; (2) 
have an average of 3.0 in psychology courses; (3) show consistently high interest 
and initiative; and (4) obtain the approval of the departmental staff and the dean of 
the college. 

Graduation with honors in psychology will depend on the quality of inde- 
pendent study, the written and oral reports, and the maintenance of the grade- 
point averages specified for admission to the study program. 

110. General Psychology. 3:3:0. Either semester. 

An introduction to scientific studies and humanistic approaches to behavior and ex- 
perience. Topics include: learning and memory, perceiving, the brain and behavior, states of 
consciousness, personality, development, abnormality, psychotherapies. and social inter- 
action. 

216. Experimental Methods in Behavioral Science. 3 hours credit. Second semester. 

The various methods which enable students to critically evaluate behavioral research 
findings. Experimental and correctional procedures are applied to problems in behavioral 
research, biomedical research, and program evaluation in health and human service 
agencies. 

Prerequisite: Psychology 110 taken previously or concurrently. 

220. Educational Psychology. 3:3:0. Either semester. 

Review of the psychological literature concerning cognitive, behavioral, emotional 
and social effects of typical educational influences. Required for state certification in ele- 
mentary and music education. 

Prerequisite: Psychology 110. 

235. Experimental Psychology I: Sensory and Perceptual Processes. 3:3:0. First semester. 

Review of major areas of investigation of visual, auditory and other sensory systems. 
Psychophysical methods, and principles of sensory differentiation and field organization are 
included. 

Prerequisite: Psychology 110. 

86 



236. Experimental Psychology II: Learning and Motivation. 3:3:0. Second semester. 

Instrumental and classical conditioning techniques are compared and related to 
theories of human and animal learning and motivation. Basic methods in the investigation of 
verbal learning are introduced. Analyses of learning include cognitive processes. 

Prerequisite: Psychology 110. 

237. Laboratory Investigations I: Sensory and Perceptual Processes. 

1:0:3. First semester. 

Experiments with human subjects, coordinated with topics in Psychology 2:^5. 
Students select sensory/perceptual problems for investigation, have a part in the design of 
experiments, conduct trials, do statistical computation, and interpret the results. 

Prerequisite: Psychology 110. 

Corequisite: Psychology 235. 

238. Laboratory Investigations II: Learning. 1:0:3. Second semester. 

Animal and human learning experiments coordinated with topics in Psychology 236. 
Simple learning situations are demonstrated. Students conduct investigations, analyze data, 
and write reports. 

Prerequisite: Psychology 110. 

Corequisite: Psychology 236. 

300. Cinematic Conceptions of Man. 3 hours credit. 

Viewing films as literary works, an examination of the thematic, stylistic, and 
structural statements and assertions concerning man's actions and psychology that are made 
by auteurs, and involved in film genres and historical periods. Specific topics (e.g., Fellini, 
Antonioni, the Western, and Neo-Realism) to be selected each term, and discussions will be 
based upon films in a film series illustrating the topic, a series held in conjunction with the 
course. May be taken twice for credit. 

321. Childhood and Development. 3:3:0. First semester. 

The study of cognitive, social and emotional change over the life span, as well as the 
psychological effects of physical growth. Special attention is given to research studies, de- 
velopmental mechanisms and theories of development. Students are encouraged to conduct 
research with children. 

Prerequisite: Psychology 110. 

332. Psychological Testing and Assessment. 3:2:2. Second semester. 

An introduction to basic psychometric theory, and an overview of selected personality, 
ability and attitude measures. 

Prerequisites: Psychology 110; Psychology 216. Mathematics 170, or consent of in- 
structor. 

335. Research Design and Statistics. 3 hours credit. First semester. 

The student evaluates published studies and identifies problems in the design and 
execution of both laboratory and applied studies. Factorial designs, multivariate techniques, 
and non-parametric statistics are covered in clinical, organizational, educational and 
laboratory settings. 

Prerequisites: Psychology 110, 216, or permission of the instructor. 

337. Organizational Psychology. 3:3:0. First semester. 

The application of basic psychological principles and findings to problems of orga- 
nizational behavior and psychology in industry. Topics to include ecological psychology — 
man environment relations, systems design and analysis, human factors engineering, and 
the evaluation of the impact of the organization on the individual. 

Prerequisite: Psychology 110. 

343. Personality. 3:3:0. First semester. 

Reasons for individuality and consistency in the lives of persons are studied. Attention 
is typically given to the role of aggression, altruism, anxiety, competence, dependency, 
and sexuality. Psychoanalysis, existential-phenomenology and social learning are among 
the major personality theories to be studied. 

Prerequisites: Psy 110; junior or senior standing, or permission of the instructor. 

87 



346. Social Psychology. 3:3:0. Second semester. 

The study of how groups or other individuals interpersonally and intrapersonally af- 
fect the individual. Emphasis is given to the review of research studies and theories. Topics 
include: attitude development and change, conformity, persuasion, person perception, at- 
tribution, attraction, norms, and small groups. 

Prerequisites: Psychology 110; junior or senior standing, or permission of the instruc- 
tor. 

350-399. Special Topics in Psychology. 1-3 hrs. credit. Either semester. 

An area of investigation of special topics will be considered through individual 
or group study. The courses will offer the opportunity for intensive readings, research and 
theories and issues; and prepare papers on selected topics. 

Prerequisites: Psychology 110; junior or senior standing; other prerequisites may be 
required depending on the nature of the course; or permission of the instructor. 

431. Abnormal Behavior and Experience. 3 hours credit. First semester. 

The study of personal problems, including alcohol and drug dependence, brain dis- 
orders, criminal and psychopathic behavior, psychoneurosis, psychosomatic reactions, psy- 
choses, sexual deviations, subnormal intelligence, suicide, and the disorders of childhood 
and adolescence. 

Prerequisites: Psychology 110; junior or senior standing, or permission of the instruc- 
tor. 

432. Introduction to Clinical Psychology. 3 hours credit. Second semester. 

An introduction to the work of psychologists in understanding and assisting persons 
who have problems. Particular attention is given to clinical interviewing; projective 
techniques, testing and diagnosing; individual and group therapy; marriage and family 
counseling; and play therapy with children. Field work in a clinical setting. 

Prerequisites: Psychology 110; 431 or nursing training with psychiatric affiliation, or 
permission of the instructor. 

443. History and Theory. 3:3:0. First semester. 

Philosophical issues, areas and trends of investigation, and "schools of psychology" 
prior to 1940. 

Prerequisites: Psychology 110 and 236; junior or senior standing, or permission of the 
instructor. 

444. Physiological Psychology. 3:2:2. Second semester. 

How biological processes interrelate with behavioral events in learning, thinking, 
feeling, perceiving, and striving, including neural and hormonal bases for learning, 
memory, and personality. Findings in biofeedback, sexuality, sleep, and behavior disorders 
are examined. 

Prerequisite: Psychology 110. 

490. Internship. 1-6 hours credit. Either semester. 

(Maximum of 9 hours credit, or. 
with approval of Departmental Faculty, 
15 hours credit) 
An applied and academic program which combines work in community mental health 
and related agencies, hospitals and schools, with discussions, guided reading, and sys- 
tematized observations. 

Prerequisites: Psy 110; junior or senior standing; approval of instructor, based on 
relevant coursework in psychology and personal attributes; approval of community agency. 

500. Independent Study. 1-3 hours credit. Either semester. 

Individual investigation of a selected topic in psychology, involving either an experi- 
ment, a project in the community, or a systematic program of reading, each under the 
supervision of a memer of the department. This includes conferences with the instructor. 
See information on page 86. 

Prerequisites: Psychology 110, one additional psychology course, and permission of 
the department. 

88 



READING AND STUDY SKILLS 

110. Reading and Study Skills. 1:2:0. Either semester. 

A study of techniques intended to improve those skills important to reading and to 
study at the college level. Texts assigned for students' own classes are utilized, and 
additional resource materials are available in the Media Center. Students who have SAT 
verbal scores below 450 are strongJy advised to take the course. 

RELIGION 

Professor Wethington, Chairman; Professor Troutman; Associate Professors 
Byrne and Cantrell; Adjunct Assistant Professor Shearer 

The aim of this department is to provide opportunity for the academic study 
of the meaning of man's religious experience. 

Toward this end. the department offers courses which introduce the student to 
the various historical and contemporary expressions of the Christian heritage as 
well as courses which acquaint him with the diverse religious traditions of 
mankind. 

As pre-professional preparation, courses are provided for those who are 
looking toward graduate studies in the humanities, social sciences, world cul- 
tures, the Christian ministry, world missions, and other church vocations, as well 
as the academic teaching of religion. 

Major: A total of twenty-four semester hours is required, including at 
least one advanced course in Biblical studies (202, 211. 212), 222, 331, and 404. 
A total of six hours of New Testament Greek and Philosophy of Religion 
may also count towards the major. Philosophy 110 is a required elective, and the 
following courses are strongly recommended for a major in religion: Biology 101, 
History 111/112, Psychology 110, and Sociology 110. 

Degree:For the student who majors in religion, the B.A. degree is offered. 

DEPARTMENTAL HONORS 

Students wishing to participate in the departmental honors program in the 
department may do so by fulfilling the following requirements: (1] achieve high 
academic standing in departmental courses; (2) submit a paper in connection with 
a course beyond the first year courses; (3) apply and receive approval for 
participation in departmental honors from the departmental chairman and the 
dean of the college by the end of the first semester of the junior year; (4) prepare an 
essay of 10,000 words or more under the direction of a member of the department 
to be submitted by March 15 of the senior year; (5) defend the essay before a 
faculty committee selected by the department chairman and the dean of the 
college. 

On the basis of his performance in the essay and the oral examination, the 
departmental chairman and the dean of the college will determine whether or not 
the candidate is to receive departmental honors. 

111. Introduction to Biblical Thought. 3:3:0. First semester. 

An examination of some of the basic themes of Biblical religion in relation to their 
historical context and their contemporary implications. 

112. Introduction to the Christian Faith. 3:3:0. Second semester. 

A systematic inquiry into the areas of religious languages, religious knowledge, and 
the doctrines of God, man, Christ, and the Church. 

120. Religion in America. 3:3:0. Either semester. 

A study of contemporary Judaism, Roman Catholicism, and Protestantism in the 

89 



United States, including a brief historical background of each. Some attention is given to the 
various religious sects and cults. 

130. American Folk Religion. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1979-1980. 

A study of both of the folk traditions of selected American denominations and sects, 
and of the theological implications of "secular" folklore. Emphasis will be placed on 
field-v^ork as well as on analysis. 

Prerequisite: Religion 120 or permission of instructor. 

140. World Religions. 3:3:0. Either semester. 

An examination of the rise and development of religion along with a study of the ideas, 
and cultic and ethical practices of the great world faiths. Special attention given to Asian 
religions. 

202. The Prophets. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1980-1981. 

A study of the lives and writings of the Old Testament prophets, and an analysis of 
their contributions to Hebrew-Christian religious thought. 
Prerequisite: Religion 111. 

206. Near East Archaeology and the Bible. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1983-1984. 

An examination of archaeology in biblical lands, its methods, objectives, and contribu- 
tions to the areas of history, culture, and religion. 

Prerequisite: Religion 111 or permission of instructor. 

211. Life and Teachings of lesus. 3:3:0. First semester. 

An intensive study of the life and message of Jesus as set forth in the Gospels. 
Prerequisite: Religion 111. 

212. Life and Epistles of Paul. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1979-1980. 

A study of the life, writings, and theological thought of Paul and their relationship to 
the practices, problems, and beliefs of the early church. 
Prerequisite: Religion 111 or 112. 

222. Christian Ethics. 3:3:0. Second semester. 

A systematic analysis of the implications of the Christian faith both for personal moral 
decision, and for social policy in such areas as government and political life, work and the 
economic order. Required of majors and strongly recommended for all pre-theological 
students. 

Prerequisite: Religion 111 or 112. 

331. Christian Tradition and Reform. 3:3:0. First semester. 

A study of the major and continuing strains in the history of Christianity and the 
principal reform movements. Required of majors and strongly recommended for all 
pre-theological students. 

332. Theological Issues in Contemporary Secular Authors. 3:3:0. Second semester. 

Offered 1980-1981. 

Identification, analysis, and interpretation of issues of special theological import 
raised by thinkers representing "non-theological" disciplines. 
Prerequisite: Religion 112 or consent of instructor. 

340. Introduction to Christian Nurture. 3:3:0. Second semester. Not offered 1980-1981. 

An investigation of some of the principles and problems of religious education as they 
are related to higher education, the public school, the church school, and the home. 
Prerequisite: Religion 111 or 112. 

403. Seminar in Classical Christian Thinkers. 3:3:0. First semester. 

(Not offered 1980-1981.) 

An intensive study of the thought of such classical religious thinkers as Augustine, 
Aquinas, Luther, and others. 



90 



404. Seminar in Selected Religious Problems. 3:3:0. First semester. 

A study of selected problems arising from recent theological efforts. Research 
methodology is stressed. 

Required of majors and strongly recommended for all pre-theological students; others 
by permission of the chairman of the department. 

Prerequisite: Religion 111 and 112. 

500. Independent Study. 1-3 hours credit. Either semester. 

(Maximum of 9 hours credit.) 
Request guidelines from adviser. 
For departmental honors see information on page 89. 



SOCIAL SCIENCE 



Genera] Adviser: Professor Geffen. Upon choice of an area of concentration the 
student is given an adviser in that discipline. 

The social sciences examine the structure of society and the behavior of 
human beings in group relationships within that structure. This interdisciplinary 
program provides an opportunity for the student to explore the basic concepts of a 
broad spectrum of social science disciplines — economics, history, political sci- 
ence, and sociology — and then to do more concentrated work in his choice of one 
of these subject areas. 

All courses are taught by the respective departments and share the objectives 
of those departments. These objectives and specific course content are described 
in the respective departmental sections in this catalog. 

The general purpose of the program is to develop the student's understanding 
of the nature of the social processes in which he is involved as a human being and 
the structure within which he lives as a member of society, in order that he may 
function more effectively. 

The program also offers basic preparation for graduate, theological, and law 
schools, and for careers in business, government, social work, and teaching. 

Basic Requirements: Economics 110/120, History 125/126, Political Science 
111/112, Sociology 110 and 121, for a total of 24 hours. 

Concentration Requirements (One of the following]: 

Economics: Economics 490 and any other three courses in Economics for a 

minimum of 12 hours. 
History: History 213, 412, and any other courses in history for a minimum of 

12 hours. 
Political Science: Political Science 217, 412, and any other two courses in 

Political Science for a minimum of 12 hours. 
Sociology: Sociology 311, 421, and any other courses in Sociology for a 

minimum of 12 hours. 

Degree: For the student who majors in social science, the B.A. degree is 
offered. 



SOCIOLOGY AND SOCIAL SERVICE 

Associate Professor Welch, Acting Chairman; Assistant Professors Clay, Hanes, 
and Raiten; Adjunct Instructor Lindenberg. 

The Department of Sociology and Social Service assists students in develop- 
ing their understanding of the general character of human relationships and of the 

91 



specific nature and processes of group life. In addition to helping prepare students 
for further study in graduate schools of sociology and social work, the department 
also provides pre-professional training for students who plan to pursue vocations 
in social, religious, and community service. 

Major in Sociology: Sociology 110, 311, 421, and 432, plus 15 additional 
hours in the department. Psychology 346 may be counted toward the 27 hours 
required for a major. 

Major in Social Service: Sociology 110, 262, 311, 331, 341, 9 semester hours of 
Sociology 410 plus one of the following options: No Concentration — Two courses 
selected from Sociology 122, 232, 272, and 282, for a total of 32-33 hours; Criminal 
Justice Concentration — Sociology 271, 272, and 302, for a total of 36 hours; Family 
Intervention Concentration — Sociology 232, 242, 342, for a total of 34 hours; 
Gerontology Concentration— Sociology 232, 242, 291, and 302, for a total of 37 
hours; Thanatology Concentration — Sociology 232, 242, 342, and 351, for a total of 
37 hours. 

Degree; for the student who majors in sociology, the B.A. degree is offered. 
For the student who majors in Social Service, the B.S. degree is offered. 



DEPARTMENTAL HONORS 

The departmental honors program is an encouragement to superior students 
to undertake a concentrated program of directed study. The student must apply for 
and receive admission to the program by the conclusion of the first semester of 
his/her junior year. Admission to the program will be granted by the department 
chairperson and the dean of the college. The student must meet the following 
requirements: (1) complete 15 hours of sociology prior to admission into the 
program; (2] have and maintain a 3.2 grade-point average in sociology and a 3.0 
grade-point average overall; (3) complete a major research or study program; (4) 
present and defend the results of his/her work before a faculty committee and 
interested departmental majors; and [5) receive final approval of the departmental 
honors from the chairperson of the department and the dean of the college. 

Sociology 110 is a prerequisite to all of the courses in the department except 
Sociology 251. 

110. Introduction to Sociology. 3:3:0. Either semester. 

A systematic study of the major concepts, methods, and areas of sociology focusing on 
the nature of society, the behavior of social groups, and the impact of society on individuals. 

122. Social Problems. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1979-1980. 

An in-depth investigation of selected problems of contemporary life as seen through 
different analytical perspectives. 

211. Urbanology. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1979-1980. 

An inquiry into the nature and degree of urbanization in the United States and the 
world, and of the impact of urban life on contemporary society. 

232. Family Sociology. 2:4:0. First seven weeks. Second semester. 

An intensive study of the family as a social institution which varies from one 
social-historical context to another. 

242. Marriage Making. 2:4:0. Second seven weeks. Second semester. 

A look at the marriage pattern, from initial dating to final dissolution, which most 
Lebanon Valley students can expect to encounter. 

251. Introduction Anthropology. 3:3:0. First semester. 

A general survey of the uses and methods of anthropology focusing on the interaction 
of physical, economic, and cultural factors in the development of people and their behavior. 

92 



262. Social Welfare. 3:3:0. Second semester. 

An introduction to the nature and functions of social welfare in contemporary society, 
stressing its history, its problems, and its prospects. 

271. Criminal Justice. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1979-1980. 

An in-depth examination of the strengths and weaknesses of our criminal justice 
system and of possible alternatives to it. 

272. Criminology. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1980-1981. 

An investigation of the social phenomenon of crime, including consideration of the 
nature, causes, and responses to behavior which is defined as criminal or deviant. 

282. Social Inequality. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1979-1980. 

An analysis of relations within and between racial and other ethnic groups. Considera- 
tion is given to unique historical contexts, basic social processes, and emergent contempo- 
rary developments. 

291. Gerontology. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1981-1982. 

An investigation of the ways in which individuals, families, communities, and society 
as a whole respond to the problems created by aging. 

302. Community Organization. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1980-1981. 

A study of the structure, action, and change of communities as a whole and the 
organizations which comprise them. 

311. Research Methods 3:3:0. First semester. 

Students learn to develop research design, to code data, to interpret and communicate 
findings, and to utilize and evaluate the research of others. 

Prerequisite: Sociology major, junior or senior status, or permission of department 
chairperson. 

322. Sociology of Religion. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1980-1981. 

An investigation of the structure and functions of religious organizations and 
phenomena, with particular emphasis on the varieties of religious expression in American 
society. 

331. Social Service Theory. 3:3:0 First semester. 

A study of process change, with particular emphasis on various theories and models of 
intervention and treatment. 

341. Intervention Methods I. 3:3:0. First semester. 

An examination of the knowledge and skills required for professional social work, 
emphasizing the methods of social casework, social group work, community organization 
and social action. 

Prequisite: Sociology 331. 

342. Intervention Methods II. 3:3:0. Second semester. Offered 1980-1981. 

A further examination of the knowledge and skills required for professional social 
work, emphasizing in particular individual and group counselling. 

351. Thanatology. 3:3:0. First semester. Offered 1980-1981. 

An exploration of some of the basic legal, medical, ethical, and social issues related to 
death and dying in contemporary society. 

360-399. Topical Seminars in Sociology. 3:3:0. per semester. 

A consideration of selected social issues which are of academic interest to students and 
faculty members. 

410. Field Experience in Social Welfare. 3-12 hours credit. Either semester. 

(Maximum of 15 hours credit) 
An extension and application of knowledge through a supervised field placement 
experience in a public or private social service agency or program. 
Prerequisite: Sociology 331. 



421. Social Theory. 3:3:0. First semester. 

An intensive exploration of the major sociological theorists and movements. 
Prerequisite: 12 hours in the department. 

432. Seminar in Sociology. 3:3:0. Second semester. 

A critical analysis of selected themes and issues in contemporary sociology. 
Prerequisite: Sociology 421. 

442. Seminar in Social Work. 3:3:0. Second semester. 

A detailed study of selected terms and issues from the areas of group vi^ork, family and 
children's case work, community organization and for social action. 
Prerequisite: Sociology 341, or permission of the instructor. 

500. Independent study. 1-3 hours credit. Either semester. 

(Maximum of 9 hours credit.) 
Directed work in areas approved by the instructor. 

Prerequisites: 18 hours in sociology, a cumulative 2.5 average, and a contract with the 
instructor prior to registration for the course. 



SPANISH 

See Foreign Languages, page 61. 




94 



SPECIAL PLANS OF STUDY 

The adviser to each of these programs should be consuhed for the details of 
the program's requirements and recommendations. 

ACTUARIAL SCIENCE 

Advisers: Dr. Mayer, Dr. Hearsey 

The actuarial science program (see page 71 for requirements) is designed to 
prepare students for the first four of the nine examinations required by the Society 
of Actuaries for Admission as a Fellow. The college is a testing center for the 
Society of Actuaries, and each of the four examinations may be taken on campus. 
In addition, the choice of courses available to the actuarial science major is broad 
enough to qualify him as a major in mathematics. 

BIOLOGY (Professional Biology, Environmental Biology, Pre-Medicine, 
Pre-Dentistry, Pre- Veterinary Programs) 

Advisers: Dr. Wolf, Dr. Henninger, Dr. Pollack, Dr. Verhoek, Dr. Williams, Dr. 
Wolfe 



First Year 

Bi 111/112, General Biology I, II 

Ch 111, 112, Principles of Chem. I, II 

For. Lang. 6 hrs. 

Ma 161, 162, Calculus I, II* 

PE 110/110, Physical Education 

Second Year 

Bi electives (4 hrs. each sem.) 
Ch 213, 214, Organic Chemistry I, II 
Ch 216, Lab. Investigations I 
En 111/112 

English Composition I, II 
Other Cen. Requirements (6 hrs. each 
sem.1 



Third Year 

Bi elective (4 hrs. each sem.) 

Phy 103, 104 or 111, 112. Gen Coll. 

Physics I, II or Prin. of Physics I, II 
General Requirements, 9 hrs. 
Electives (3-6 hrs. 1st sem.] 

Fourth Year 

Bi elective (4 hrs. each sem.) 

Bi 411 or 412 Biology seminar (1-2 hrs. 

either sem.) 
Electives fl6-19 hrs.) 



*Ma 161 required; Ma 162 and 170 rec- 
ommended. 




95 



CHEMISTRY 

Advisers: Dr. Neidig, Dr. Lockwood, Dr. Spencer 

Students entering with advanced placement in chiemistry are asked to consult 
the advisers. 

Program leading to the degree of Bachelor of Science in Chemistry (part of the 
requirements for American Chemical Society certified degree). 



First Year 

Ch 111, 112, Principles of Chem. I, II 
En 111/112, English Composition I, II 
For. Lang. Ill, 112, Interm. Fr, Ger, 

or Sp I, IP 
Ma 161, 162, Calculus I, II 
Religion, gen. req. (3 hrs. each sem.) 
PE 110/110, Physical Education 

Second Year 

Ch 213, 214, Org. Chem. I, II 
Ch 216, Lab. Investigations I 
Ma 261, Calculus IIP* 
Phy 111, 112, Prin. of Physics I, II 
Soc. Sci. or Hum. dist req. (3 hrs. 1st 
sem., 6 hrs. 2nd sem.) 



Third Year 

Ch 311, 312, Physical Chemistry 1, II 
Ch 314, Instrumental Analysis 
Ch 315, 316, Lab. Investigations II, III 
Ch 319, Chemical Equilibria 
Ch 321, 322, Lab. Investigations IV, V 
Elective (3 hrs. 2nd sem.) 
Soc. Sci. or Hum., dist. req. (6 hrs, 
1st sem., 3 hrs. 2nd sem.) 

Fourth Year 

Ch 411, 412, Adv. Inorganic Chem. I, 

II 
Ch 413, Adv. Analytical Chemistry 
Ch 414, Adv. Organic Chemistry 
Ch 500, Independent Study (both sem.) 
Electives (9 hrs. 1st sem. and 2nd sem.] 



*Ger 113, 114 recommended 
*Ma 261 and 266 recommended 




96 



ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 

Advisers: Dr. Knight, Mr. Fletcher, Dr. Krebs, Mr. Stone, Dr. Tom 



First Year 

Ac 151, Principles of Financial 

Accounting 
Elective (3-4 hrs. 2nd sem.) 
CP 110, Introduction to Timesharing 
BA 100, Introduction to Business 
Ec 110/120, Principles of Economics I, 

II 
En 111/112, English Composition I, II 
For. Lang 111, 112, Interm. Fr, Ger, 

or Sp I, II 
Ma 170, Elementary Statistics 
PE 110/110, Physical Education 

Second Year 

Distribution req. (3-4 hrs. 1st sem., 6-7 

hrs. 2nd sem.) 
Ec 201, Microeconomic Analysis 
BA 180, Principles of Management 
Ec 222, Quantitative Methods 
Ac, Ec or BA electives (6 hrs. 2nd 

sem.]* 
Religion, gen. req. (3 hrs. each sem.] 

Third Year 

Distribution req. (6-7 hrs. each sem.] 
Ac, Ec or BA electives (6 hrs. each 

sem.]* 
Electives (3 hrs. each sem.] 

Fourth Year 

Ac 490 or Ec 490 or BA 490. Sem. & 
Special Prob. 

Distribution req. 3-4 hrs. each semes- 
ter 

Ac, Ec or BA electives (6-9 hrs. each 
sem.]* 

Electives (3-6 hrs. each sem.] 

Economics: 

Ec 203, Macroeconomic Analysis 
Ec 301, Labor Economics and 

Industrial Relations 
Ec 312, Money & Banking 
Ec 321, Public Finance 
Ec 332, International Economics 
Ec 401, History of Economic 

Thought 



Ec 411, Economic Growth and De- 
velopment 

Business Administration: 

BA 361, Corporation Finance 
BA 362, Investments 
BA 371, Business Law I 
BA 372, Business Law II 
BA 382, Marketing 

Accounting: 

Ac 152. Principles of Managerial 
Accounting 

Ac 251/252. Intermediate Account- 
ing I, II 

Ac 351, Advanced Accounting 

Ac 352 Government and Non-Profit 
Accounting 

Ac 452, Income Tax Accounting 

Ac 454, Advanced Cost and Mana- 
gerial Accounting 

Ac 455, Auditing 

For students who are interested in 
■receiving Pennsylvania Teaching Cer- 
tification in Social Studies, the follow- 
ing courses are required: 

Ec 110/120, Prin. of Economics I, II 
Ec 201, Microeconomic Analysis 
Ec 222 Quantitative Methods 
Ec 490, Seminar & Special Problems 
Ac 151, Principles of Financial 

Accounting 
BA 100, Introduction to Business 
BA 180, Prin. of Management 
Ma 170, Elementary Statistics 

With electives chosen from among: 
Ec 203 Macroeconomic Analysis 
Ec 301, Labor Economics and 

Industrial Relations 
Ec 312, Money & Banking 
Ec 321, Public Finance 
Ec 332, International Economics 
Ec 401, Hist, of Economic Thought 
Ec 411, Economic Growth and 

Development 
BA 371. Business Law I 
BA 372, Business Law II 



*Students majoring in areas designated 
should schedule courses as indicated: 



97 



ELEMENTARY EDUCATION 

Advisers: Dr. Ehersole, Mrs. Herr 

Program for majors in elementary education. 

First Year Third Year 

Ed 110, Foundations of Education EE 332, Physical Sci. in Elem. Sch. 

(2nd sem.) EE 341, Teaching of Reading 

En 111/112, English Composition I, 11 EE 344, Health & Safety Education 

For. Lang. Ill, 112, Interm. Fr, Ger, EE 361/362, Communications & Group 

or Sp 1, 11 Processes I, 11 

Geo 111, World Geography 1 Ma 100, Basic Concepts of Math, or 

Nat. Sci., dist. req. (3-4 hrs. each sem.) one of the following: 102, 111, 112, 

Religion, gen. req. (3 hrs. each sem.) 161, or 162. as background indicates. 

Psy 321, Childhood & Development 
Soc. Sci., dist. req. (3 hrs. each sem.)* 

Second Year Elective (3 hrs. either sem.) 

EE 220, Music in El. Sch. (2nd sem.) Fourth Year 

EE 250, Math, for El Gr. (either sem.) a /.r^-i a ^ • ^u t-i . o i i 

EE 270, Children's Lit. (either sem.) ^L *P3„ ^^ '" ''^^ Elementary School 

Hi 111. 112. 125 or 126, (3 hrs. either ll A °-. "i* Teaching (1st sem.) 

' ' ^ EE 444, Senior Semmar (2nd sem.) 

sem I ' V. ^ 

Hum. dist. req. (3 hrs. either sem.) """;■.■ '^'f, '''^- (t^*^""'- 2"'^ '"'"■'>' 



Psy 110, General Psychology (1st sem. 



Electives (6-9 hrs. 2nd sem. 



Psy 220, Educational Psych. (2nd sem.) ^Education 342 is also required and may be 
Electives (3-6 hrs. 1st sem. 6-9 hrs. taken the second semester of either the third 
2nd sem.) or fourth year. 



COOPERATIVE ENGINEERING PROGRAM 

Adviser; Dr. Rhodes 

Lebanon Valley College offers a cooperative program in engineering v^hereby 
a student may earn a Bachelor of Science degree from Lebanon Valley College and 
a Bachelor of Science degree in one of the fields of engineering from the University 
of Pennsylvania or other cooperating institution. 

Students who pursue this cooperative engineering program take three years of 
work at Lebanon Valley College in the liberal arts and also in the mathematics and 
physics courses prerequisite for engineering. Then, if recommended by Lebanon 
Valley College, they may attend the University of Pennsylvania or other cooperat- 
ing institution for two additional years of work in engineering. After the 
satisfactory completion of the fourth year of the program the student is granted the 
Bachelor of Science degree by Lebanon Valley College. At the completion of the 
fifth year the University grants the appropriate engineering degree. 

The College also participates in a 4-1 program in engineering with the 
University of Pennsylvania. In this program the student completes his four-year 
baccalaureate program at Lebanon Valley College and then moves into an 
engineering curriculum at the University of Pennsylvania which leads to the 
Master of Science degree in a field of engineering. 

At the University of Pennsylvania the student may select from among eight 
different curricula — bioengineering, chemical engineering, civil and urban en- 
gineering, computer science and engineering, electrical engineering and science, 
mechanical engineering and applied mechanics, metallurgy and materials science, 
or systems science and engineering. A typical program for the first three years of 
the cooperative engineering program is given below, but each student's program 
is planned to meet his particular needs. 

98 



First Year 

En 111/112, English Composition I, II 
For. Lang., gen req. (3 hrs. each sem.) 
Ma 161, 162. Calculus I, II 
Phy 111, 112, Principles of Physics 

I, II 
Religion, gen. req. (3 hrs. each sem.) 
PE 110/110, Physical Education 

Second Year 

Elective (3 hrs. 1st sem.) 

Humanities, dist. req. (3 hrs. each sem.) 

Ma 242, Intro, to Computer Science 

Ma 261, Calculus III 

Ma 266, Differential Equations 

Phy 211, Atomic & Nuclear Physics 



Phy 212, Introduction to Electronics 
Social Science, dist. req. (3 hrs. each 
sem.] 



Third Year 

Ch 111, 112, Principles of Chemistry 
I, II 

Humanities, dist. req. (3 hrs.) 

Ma 361, 362, Methods of Applied 
Math. I, II 

Phy 311, 312, Analytical Mechanics, 

I, II 

Phy 321, 322, Electricity and Mag- 
netism, I, II 

Social Science, dist. req. (3 hrs.) 





COOPERATIVE FORESTRY 
PROGRAM 

Adviser: Dr. WiUiQms 

Students completing a three year 
program at Lebanon Valley College 
studying the liberal arts and the sci- 
ences basic to forestry may apply for 
admission to the cooperative forestry 
program with Duke University. Upon 
completion of the first year of the two 
year (plus one summer) program at 
Duke University, the student will re- 
ceive the Bachelor of Science degree 
from Lebanon Valley College. After 
completion of the program at Duke the 
student will receive the professional 
degree of Master of Forestry from Duke 
University. This program enables stu- 
dents to attain the Master of Forestry 
degree of Mastery of Forestry (M.F.) or 
Master of Environmental Management 
(M.E.M.) from Duke University. This 
program enables students to attain the 
M.F. or M.E.M. degree in a total of five 
years and one summer. 



Students with biology, economics, 
mathematics or political science majors 
at L.V.C. who take the appropriate core 
courses in the forestry and environ- 
mental studies program qualify to 
apply to Duke for the three-two pro- 
gram. Specific curricula in each major 
are available in the Admission's Office 
and from the Forestry Adviser. Duke 
School of Forestry and Environmental 
Studies also encourages applications 
from qualified students in any major 
who have taken appropriate courses 
and who have strong backgrounds in 
political science, business, economics, 
mathematics-actuarial science and the 
biological or physical sciences. Stu- 
dents with strong backgrounds in quan- 
titative disciplines are particularly 
sought after. Students may also apply 
for the Duke program after completing 
four years at L.V.C. For more informa- 
tion see the Forestry Adviser. 



MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY 

Adviser: Dr. Pollack 

The medical technology student 
takes three years of courses at Lebanon 
Valley College in order to fulfill the 
requirements of the college and of the 
Board of Schools of the American Soci- 
ety of Clinical Pathologists. Preceding 
or during the third year of the program 
it is the student's responsibility to gain 
admission to a hospital with an Ameri- 
can Medical Association-approved 
school of medical technology, where he 
spends the fourth year in training. 
Lebanon Valley College is affiliated 
with the following hospitals: Abington, 
Allentown Sacred Heart, Harrisburg, 
Harrisburg Polyclinic, Lancaster Gen- 
eral and Reading. This program leads to 
the degree of Bachelor of Science in 
Medical Technology from Lebanon Val- 
ley. 

First Year 

Bi 111/112, General Biology I, II 
Ch 111, 112, Principles of Chem. I, II 
En 111/112, English Composition I, II 
Ma 102 or 161, Algebra & Trig, or Cal- 
culus I 



Religion, gen. req. (3 hrs.) 

PE 110/110, Physical Education 

Second Year 

Bi 201, Genetics 

Bi 202, Animal Physiology 

Ch 213, 214 Organic Chem. I, II 

Ch 218, Lab. Investigations I 

For. Lang. Ill, 112, Interm. Fr, Ger, 

or Sp I. II 
Religion, gen. req. (3 hrs.) 
Soc. Sci. or Hum., dist. req. (3 or 6 hrs. 

1st sem., 3 or 6 hrs. 2nd sem.) 



Third Year 

Bi elective (4 hrs. 1st sem.)* 
Bi 306, Microbiology 
Elective (3 hrs. either sem.)** 
Phy 103. 104, Gen. Coll. Physics I, II 
Soc. Sci. or Hum., dist. req. (9 hrs. 
either sem.) 



'Bi 304, 305 or 401 recommended. 
Ma 170 recommended. 



100 



MUSIC 

Adviser: Mr. Fairlamh 
First Year 

En 111/112, English Composition I, II 
For. Lang. Ill, 112, Interm. Fr, Ger, 

or Sp I, II 
Mu 111, 112, Sight Singing I, II 
Mu 113, 114, Ear Training I, II 
Mu 115, 116, Harmony I, II 
Mu, applied music (2 hrs. each sem.)* 
Nat. Sci., dist. req. (3-4 hrs. each sem.) 
PE 110/110, Physical Education 

Second Year 

Electives (3 hrs. 1st sem., 1 hr. 2nd 

sem.] 
Mu 215, Harmony III 
Mu 217, Basic Concepts Structure & 

Style 
Mu 224, Counterpoint 
Mu 226, Form & Analysis I 
Mu 246, Prin. of Conducting 
Mu, applied music (2 hrs. each sem.)* 



Religion, gen. req. (3 hrs. each sem.) 
Soc. Sci., dist. req. (3 hrs. each sem.) 

Third Year 

Electives (5 hrs. 2nd sem.) 

Hum., dist. req. (3 hrs. each sem.) 

Mu 315, Elementary Composition 

Mu 316, Keyboard Harmony 

Mu 329, Form & Analysis II 

Mu 341/342, History and Lit. of Music 

I, II 
Mu, applied music (2 hrs. each sem.)* 
So. Sci., dist. req. (3 hrs. 1st sem.) 

Fourth Year 

Electives [7 hrs. 1st sem., 11 hrs. 2nd 

sem.) 
Art 110, Intro, to Art [hum. dist. req.) 
Mu 462, Music Lit. Seminar 
Mu, applied music (2 hrs. each sem.)* 
Nat. Sci., dist. req. [3 hrs. 1st sem.) 



*Study of voice, organ, piano, and band and 
orchestral instruments. 



SACRED MUSIC 

Adviser: Dr. Getz 
First Year 

En 111/112, English Composition I, II 
For. Lang. Ill, 112, Interm. Fr, Ger, or 

Sp I, II 
Mu 111, 112, Sight Singing I, II 
Mu 113, 114, Ear Training I, II 
Mu 115, 116, Harmony I, II 
Mu, applied music (2 hrs each sem.)* 
Nat. Sci., dist. req. [3-4 hrs. each sem.) 
PE 110/110, Physical Education 

Second Year 

Mu 132, Diction for Singers 

Mu 215, Harmony III 

Mu 217, Basic Concepts Structure & 

Style 
Mu 224, Counterpoint 
Mu 226, Form & Analysis I 
Mu 246, Prin. of Conducting 
Mu, applied music [2 hrs. each sem.)* 
Psy 110, Gen Psych. [1st sem.) 



Religion, gen. req. [3 hrs. each sem.) 
Soc. Sci., dist. req. [3 hrs. each sem.) 

Third Year 

Electives (2 hrs. each sem.) 

Hum., dist. req. (3 hrs. each sem.) 

Mu 315, Elementary Composition 

Mu 316, Keyboard Harmony 

Mu 321, Hymnology 

Mu 322, Sacred Choral Lit. 

Mu 341/342, History and Lit. of Music 

I, II 
Mu 347, Choral Conducting 
Mu, applied music [2 hrs. each sem.)* 

Fourth Year 

Electives [8 hrs. each sem.) 

Hum., dist. req. [3 hrs. 1st sem.) 

Mu421, Liturgy 

Mu 422, Church Music Meth. & Admin. 

Mu, applied music [2 hrs. each sem.)* 

Soc. Sci., dist. req. [3 hrs. 2nd sem.) 



'Study of voice, organ, and piano. 



102 



MUSIC EDUCATION 

Adviser: Mr. Smith 

Variances by track systems are iden- 
tified as: 

(a) General track 

(b) Instrumental track 

(c) Keyboard-Vocal track 

First Year 

Bi 101/102, Intro, to Biology I, II 

En 111/112, English Composition I, II 

For. Lang. Ill, 112, Interm. Fr, Ger, 

Ru, or Sp 
Mu 111, 112, Sight Singing I, II 
Mu 113. 114, Ear Taining, I, II 
Mu 115, 116, Harmony I. II 
Mu 123, Brass I 

Mu, applied music [2 hrs. each sem.)* 
PE 110/110, Physical Education 
(a-b) Mu 124, Brass II 
(c) Mu 132, Diction for Singers 

Second Year 

Ed 110, Social Foundation of Educa- 
tion (2nd sem.] 
Mu 215, Harmony III 
Mu 217, Basic Concepts of Structure & 

Style 
Mu 226, Form & Analysis I 
Mu 227, Percussion I 
Mu 231. 232, Woodwind I, II 
Mu 246, Principles of Conducting 
Mu. applied music (2 hrs. each sem.)* 
Psy 110, General Psychology (1st sem.) 
Religion, gen. req. (3 hrs. each sem.) 
Soc. Sci., dist. req. (3 hrs. each sem.) 

Third Year 

Hum., dist. req. (3 hrs. each sem.) 
Mu 316. Keyboard Harmony 



Mu 334, Meth. & Mat. Gen. Music: 

Junior High School 
Mu 335, Meth. & Mat. Instrumental: 

Gr. 4-6 
Mu 337, String I 
Mu 341/342, History and Lit. of Music 

I, II 
Mu, applied music (2 hrs. each sem.)* 
(a-b) Mu 328, Percussion II 

Mu 336, Meth. & Mat. Instru- 
mental: ]r.-Sr. High 
Mu 338, String II 
(a-c) Mu 333, Meth. & Mat. Gen. Mu- 
sic: Elementary 

(b) Elective (3 hrs. 1st sem.) 

Mu 345, Instrumental Conduct- 
ing 

(c) Elective (3 hrs. 2nd sem.) 
Mu 347, Choral Conducting 

(a) Mu 345 or Mu 347 

Fourth Year 

Elective (3-6 hrs. 2nd sem.) 

Hum., dist. req. (3 hrs. 2nd sem.) 

Mu 441, Student Teaching 

Mu, applied music (1 or 2 hrs. each 

sem.)*t 
Psy 220, Educational Psych. (2nd sem.) 
Soc. Sci., dist. req. (3 hrs. 2nd sem.) 
(a-b) Mu 416. Orchestration 

(b) Mu 402, Sem. in Adv. Instrmntl. 

Prob. 

(c) Mu 404, Mu. Ed. Sem.: Secondary 

Level 
(a) Mu 402 or Mu 404 



and band 



*Study of voice, organ, piano, 

and orchestral instruments. 

tPrivate study during the student teaching 

semester is at the discretion of the student. 




103 



NURSING 

Adviser: Dr. Wolf 

The nursing program consists of the two or three year program of an 
accredited hospital school of nursing and a two-year program in liberal arts at 
Lebanon Valley College. The two phases of the course may be taken in either 
order. Completion of the program and receipt of the R.N. (registered nursing) 
Certificate will result in the awarding of the degree of Bachelor of Science by 
Lebanon Valley College. 

To the individuals who have earned an R.N. diploma from an accredited 
hospital, Lebanon Valley College will allow a total of 56 credits. A suggested 
program for full-time regular students is shown below: 

First Year Second Year 

Bi 101/102, or Bi 111/112 Bi 453/454 

En 111/112, English Composition I, II General Requirements (9 hrs) 

Foreign Language Electives^ (21 hrs.) 



PE 110/110, Physical Education! tt- . , ., , , ,, .u t. xt r^ .-f 

^.1 ^ 1 f) • X Not required it student has the R.N. Certifi- 

Otner General Requirements . ^ 

(6 hrs. each sem.) 2ch m (or Ch 101 or 102) and Ma 170 are 



cate. 
^Ch 1 
strongly recommended. 



TEACHING 

Advisers; Dr. Ehersole, Dr. AJbrecht, iMrs. Herr, Dr. Jacques, Dr. Eva Knight 

The requirements listed below are applicable to students desiring to be 
certified to teach in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. 



BASIC REGULATIONS— PENNSYLVANIA 
INSTRUCTIONAL I CERTIFICATE 

A. General Education 

Certificates are based on the completion of a minimum of sixty (60) semester 
hours of acceptable courses in general education with not less than twelve (12) 
semester hours in the humanities and not less than nine (9) semester hours in each 
of the following areas: the social sciences and natural sciences. 

These requirements apply to both elementary and secondary fields. 

B. Elementary Education — Subject Matter Requirements 

The Pennsylvania Instructional I certificate may be issued to those who have 
completed the approved program. 

The prospective elementary education teacher is also required to have an 
academic major or an area of concentration of at least 18 to 24 semester hours. 

The area of a concentration may be defined as follows: 

Study in a single subject such as history; study in a broad field such as 
sociology, psychology, and anthropology elected from social science; study in an 
interdisciplinary field such as courses elected from the humanities, social science, 
or the natural sciences. 

C. Professional Education for Secondary Teacher Certification 

Pennsylvania Instructional I certificates are based on the completion of the 
approved program in the subject field to be taught in the secondary school and a 
minimum of eighteen (18) semester hours of professional education distributed in 
the following areas: social foundations of education, human growth and develop- 

104 



ment, materials and methods of instruction and curriculum, and nine (9) semester 
hours in actual practicum and student teaching experience under approved 
supervision and appropriate seminars including necessary observation, participa- 
tion and conferences on teaching problems. The areas of methods and materials of 
instruction and curriculum, and student teaching shall relate to the subject matter 
specialization field or fields. 

D. Secondary Student Teaching Program 

A student concentrating in a major area of interest may, upon the direction of 
his adviser and approval of the dean of the college, enroll in his senior year 
in the Semester of Professional Training, as follows: 

Ed. 420. Human Growth and Development. 3:7V2:0. See page 54 for course, 
description. 

Ed. 430. Practicum and Methods. 3:7V2:0. See page 54 for course description. 
Some time is devoted to the presentation of data on basic reading 
instruction to fulfill certification requirements for the Commonwealth of 
Pennsylvania. 

Ed. 440. Student Teaching. 

Nine semester hours credit. 

The student enters on a full-time student teaching experience of one 
semester. He is under the direction of a trained teacher in an accredited sec- 
ondary school and is counseled and directed by the college director of second- 
ary student teaching. The student teacher also is observed by his major adviser. 

Prerequisites for Student Teaching; A student must have: 

a. Maintained a 2.0 grade-point average in his major field, 

b. Completed the basic courses of Education 110, 420, and 430, and 

c. Secured written approval of his major adviser, the director of secondary 
student teaching, and the dean of the college in order to be accepted for student 
teaching in the professional semester of his senior year. 

Upon completion of the appropriate approved program and graduation, the 
student receives the Pennsylvania Instructional I certificate. 

A student may also return to the College following graduation to complete an 
approved program of teacher certification. 




105 



DIRECTORIES 



FACULTY AND 
ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF, 
1979-1980 

Faculty: 

FREDERICK P. SAMPLE, 1968—; 

President. 
CARL Y. EHRHART, 1947—; 

Dean of the College. 
WILLIAM H. FAIRLAMB, 1947—; 

Secretary of the Faculty. 
FRANK E. STACHOW, 1946—; 

College Marshal. 

Emeriti: 

JAMES O. BEAMESDERFER, 1959-1976; 
Chaplain Emeritus. 
A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 1936; 
M.Div., United Theological Semi- 
nary, 1939; S.T.M., Lutheran 
Theological Seminary, Phila., 1945; 
S.T.D., Temple University, 1951. 

RUTH ENGLE BENDER, 1918-1922; 
1924-1970; 

Professor Emeritus of Music Educa- 
tion. 

A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 1915; 
Oberlin Conservatory; graduate New 
England Conservatory. 

O. PASS BOLLINCER, 1950-1973; 
Associate Professor Emeritus of Biol- 
ogy. 

B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1928; 
M.S., The Pennsylvania State Uni- 
versity, 1937. 

D. CLARK CARMEAN, 1933-1972; 
Director Emeritus of Admissions. 
A.B., Ohio Wesleyan University, 
1926; M.A., Columbia University, 
1932. 

HILDA M. DAMUS, 1963-1976; 
Professor Emeritus of German. 
M.A,, University of Berlin and Jena, 
1932; Ph.D., University of Berlin, 
1945. 

GLADYS M. FENCIL, 1921-1927; 
1929-1965. 
Registrar Emeritus. 
A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 1921. 



DONALD E. FIELDS, 1928-1930; 
1947-1970; 
Librarian Emeritus. 
A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 1924 
M.S., Princeton University, 1928 
Ph.D., University of Chicago, 1935 
A.B. in Library Science, University of 
Michigan, 1947. 

SAMUEL O. GRIMM, 1912-1970; 
Professor Emeritus of Physics. 
B.Pd., State Normal School, Mil- 
lersville, 1910; A.B., Lebanon Valley 
College, 1912; A.M., 1918; Sc.D., 
1942. 

THOMAS A. LANESE, 1954-1978; 
Associate Professor Emeritus of 
Strings, Conducting, and Theory. 
B.Mus., Baldwin-Wallace College, 
1938; Fellowship, Juilliard Graduate 
School; M.Mus., Manhattan School 
of Music, 1952. 

SARA ELIZABETH PIEL, Jan. 1960- 
1975; 

Professor Emeritus of Languages. 
A.B., Chatham College, 1928; M.A., 
University of Pittsburgh, 1929; Ph.D., 
1938. 

ALVIN H. M. STONECIPHER, 1932- 
1958; 

Professor Emeritus of Latin Language 
and Literature; Dean Emeritus. 
A.B., Vanderbilt University. 1913; 
A.M., 1914; Ph.D., 1917; Litt.D., 
Lebanon Valley College, 1962. 

GEORGE G. STRUBLE, 1931-1970; 
Professor Emeritus of English. 
B.S. in Ed., University of Kansas, 
1922; M.S. in Ed., 1925; Ph.D., Uni- 
versity of Wisconsin, 1931. 

JAMES M. THURMOND, 1954-1979; 
Professor Emeritus of Music Educa- 
tion and Brass. 

Diploma, Curtis Institute of Music, 
1931; A.B., American University, 
1951; M.A., Catholic University, 
1952; Mus.D., Washington College of 
Music, 1944. 



107 



Professors: 

GEORGE D. CURFMAN, 1961—; 

Professor of Music Education. 

B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1953. 

M.M., University of Michigan, 1957; 

D.Ed., The Pennsylvania State Uni- 
versity, 1971. 
ROBERT S. DAVIDON, 1970—; 

Professor of Psychology; Chairman of 

the Department of Psychology. 

A.B., University of Illinois, 1940; 

M.A., University of Pennsylvania, 

1946; Ph.D., 1951. 
CLOYD H. EBERSOLE, 1953—; 

Professor of Education; Chairman of 

the Department of Education. 

A.B., Juniata College, 1933; M.Ed., 

The Pennsylvania State University, 

1941; D.Ed., 1954. 
ALEX J. FEHR, 1951—; 

Professor of Political Science. 

A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 1950; 

M.A., Columbia University, 1957; 

Ph.D., Syracuse University, 1968. 
ARTHUR L. FORD, 1965—; 

Professor of English; Chairman of the 

Department of English. 

A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 1959; 

M.A., Bov^ling Green State Univer- 
sity, 1960; Ph.D., 1964. 
ELIZABETH M. GEFFEN, 1958—; 

Professor of History; Chairman of the 

Department of History and Political 

Science. 

B.S. in Ed., University of Pennsylva- 
nia, 1934; M.A., 1936; Ph.D., 1958. 
*PIERCE A. GETZ, 1959—; 

Professor of Organ 

B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1951; 

M.S.M., Union Theology Seminary 

School of Sacred Music, 1953; 

A.M.D., Eastman School of Music, 

1967. 
DAVID I. LASKY, 1974—; 

Professor of Psychology 

A.B., Temple University, 1956; M.A., 

1958; Ph.D., 1961. 
KARL L. LOCKWOOD, 1959—; 

Professor of Chemistry. 

B.S., Muhlenberg College, 1951; 

Ph.D., Cornell University, 1955. 



'Sabbatical leave, full year. 



JEAN O. LOVE, 1954—; 
Professor of Psychology. 
A.B., Erskine College, 1941; M.A., 
Winthrop College, 1949; Ph.D., Uni- 
versity of North Carolina, 1953. 

JOERG W. P. MAYER, 1970—; 

Professor of Mathematics; Chairman 

of the Department of Mathematical 

Sciences 

Dipl. Math., University of Giessen, 

1953; Ph.D., 1954. 

HOWARD A. NEIDIG, 1948—; 

Professor of Chemistry; Chairman of 
the Department of Chemistry. 
B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1943; 
M.S., University of Delav^^are, 1946; 
Ph.D., 1948. 

AGNES B. O'DONNELL, 1961—; 
Professor of English. 
A.B., Immaculata College, 1948; 
M.Ed., Temple University, 1952; 
M.A., University of Pennsylvania, 
1967; Ph.D., 1976. 

JACOB L. RHODES, 1957—; 

Professor of Physics, Chairman of the 

Department of Physics. 

B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1943; 

Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania, 

1958. 

JAMES N. SPENCER, 1967—; 
Professor of Chemistry. 
B.S., Marshall University, 1963; 
Ph.D., low^a State University, 1967. 

C. F. JOSEPH TOM, 1954—; 

Professor of Economics and Business 

Administration. 

B.A., Hastings College, 1944; M.A., 

University of Chicago, 1947; Ph.D., 

1963. 

PERRY J. TROUTMAN, I960—; 
Professor of Religion. 
B.A., Houghton College, 1949; 
M.Div., United Theological Semi- 
nary, 1952; Ph.D., Boston University, 
1964. 

L. ELBERT WETHINGTON, 1963—; 
Professor of Religion, Chairman of 
the Department of Religion. 
B.A., Wake Forest University, 1944; 
B.D., Divinity School of Duke Uni- 
versity, 1947; Ph.D., Duke University, 
1949. 



108 



R. GORDON WISE, 1973—; 

Adjunct Professor of Art. 

B.S., University of Missouri, 1960; 

M.A., Roosevelt University, 1964; 

Ed.D., University of Missouri, 1970. 
PAUL L. WOLF, 1966—; 

Professor of Biology; Chairman of the 

Department of Biology. 

B.S., Elizabethtown College, 1960; 

M.S., University of Delaware, 1963; 

Ph.D., 1968. 



ASSOCIATE PROFESSORS: 

DAVID N. BAILEY, 1971—; 

Associate Professor of Chemistry. 
B.S., Juniata College, 1963; Ph.D., 
Massachusetts Institute of Technol- 
ogy, 1968. 

PHILIP A. BILLINCS, 1970—; 
Associate Professor of English. 
B.A., Heidelberg College, 1965; M.A., 
Michigan State University, 1967; 
Ph.D., 1974. 

DONALD E. BYRNE, JR., 1971—; 
Associate Professor of Religion. 
B.A., St. Paul Seminary, 1963; M.A., 
Marquette University, 1966; Ph.D., 
Duke University, 1972. 

VOORHIS C. CANTRELL. 1968—; 
Associate Professor of Beligion and 
Greek. 

B.A., Oklahoma City University, 
1952; B.D., Southern Methodist Uni- 
versity, 1956; Ph.D., Boston Univer- 
sity, 1967. 

WILLIAM H. FAIRLAMB, 1947—; 
Associate Professor of Piano and 
Music History. 

Mus.B., cum laude, Philadelphia 
Conservatory. 1949. 

WILLIAM M. FLEISCHMAN, 1973—; 
Associate Professor of Mathematics. 
B.A., Lehigh University, 1959; M.S., 
1964; Ph.D., 1967. 

G. THOMAS GATES, 1963-1970; 
1976—; 

Adjunct Associate Professor of Busi- 
ness Law. 

A.B., Brow^n University, 1945; J.D.. 
Boston University, 1949. 



BRYAN V. HEARSEY, 1971—; 
Associate Professor of Mathematics. 
B.A., Western Washington State Col- 
lege, 1964; M.A., Washington State 
University, 1966; Ph.D., 1968. 

JUNE EBY HERR, 1959—; 
Associate Professor of Elementary 
Education. 

B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1943; 
M.Ed., The Pennsylvania State Uni- 
versity, 1954. 

RICHARD A. ISKOWITZ, 1969—; 
Associate Professor of Art; Chairman 
of the Department of Art. 
B.F.A., Kent State University, 1965; 
M.F.A., 1967. 

JOHN P. KEARNEY, 1971—; 
Associate Professor of English. 
B.A., St. Benedict's College, 1962; 
M.A., University of Michigan, 1963; 
Ph.D., University of Wisconsin, 1968. 

ROYAL E. KNIGHT, 1975—; 
Associate Professor of Economics 
and Business Administration; 
Chairman of the Department of Eco- 
nomics and Business Administra- 
tion. 

B.S., Eastern Illinois University, 
1955; M.S., 1970; Ed.D., University of 
Northern Colorado, 1976. 

ROBERT C. LAU, 1968—; 
Associate Professor of Music; Chair- 
man of the Department of Music. 
B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1965; 
M.A., Eastman School of Music, 
1970; Ph.D., Catholic University, 
1979. 

JOHN D. NORTON, 1971—; 

Associate Professor of Political Sci- 
ence. 

B.A.. University of Illinois, 1965; 
M.A., Florida State University, 1967; 
Ph.D., American University, 1973. 

J. ROBERT O'DONNELL, 1959—; 
Associate Professor of Physics. 
B.S., The Pennsylvania State Univer- 
sity, 1950; M.S., University of Dela- 
ware, 1953. 

GERALD J. PETROFES, 1963—; 

Associate Professor of Physical Edu- 
cation; Chairman of the Department 
of Physical Education. 
B.S., Kent State University, 1958; 
M.Ed., 1962. 



109 



O. KENT REED, 1971—; 
Associate Professor of Physical Edu- 
cation. 

B.S. in Ed., Otterbein College, 1956; 
M.A. in Ed., Eastern Kentucky Uni- 
versity, 1970. 

VERNAL E. RICHARDSON, 1978—; 
Associate Professor of Strings, Con- 
ducting and Theory. 
B.M. and B.M.E., Indiana University, 
1955; M.M., 1963; D.M.A., Catholic 
University, 1977. 

JAMES W. SCOTT, 1976—; 
Associate Professor of German. 
B.A., Juniata College, 1965; Ph.D., 
Princeton University, 1971. 

ROBERT W. SMITH, 1951—; 
Associate Professor of Music Educa- 
tion. 

B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1939; 
M.A., Columbia University, 1950. 

FRANK E. STACHOW, 1946—; 
Associate Professor of Theory and 
Woodwinds. 

Diploma, Clarinet, Juilliard School of 
Music; B.S., Columbia University, 
1943; M.A., 1946. 

DENNIS W. SWEIGART, 1972—; 
Associate Professor of Piano. 
B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1963; 
M.M., University of Michigan, 1965; 
D.M. A., University of lov^a, 1977. 

WARREN K. A. THOMPSON, 1967—; 
Associate Professor of Philosophy; 
Chairman of the Department of Phi- 
losophy. 

A.B., Trinity University, 1957; M.A., 
University of Texas, 1963. 

EDWIN H. WELCH, 1975—; 
Adjunct Associate Professor of 
Sociology; Acting Chairman of the 
Department of Sociology and Social 
Service. 

A.B., Western Maryland College, 
1965; S.T.B., Boston University 
School of Theology, 1968; Ph.D., Bos- 
ton University, 1971. 

ALLAN F. WOLFE, 1968—; 
Associate Professor of Biology. 
B.A., Gettysburg College, 1963; M.A., 
Drake University, 1965; Ph.D.. Uni- 
versity of Vermont, 1968. 



GLENN H. WOODS, 1965—; 
Associate Professor of English. 
A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 1951; 
M.Ed., Temple University, 1962. 



ASSISTANT PROFESSORS: 

ANGELA M. AGUIRRE, 1979—; 

Assistant Professor of Spanish. 

B.A., The City College of New York, 

1970; M.A., Queens College of New 

York, 1974; M. Phil., City University 

of New York, 1979. 
MADELYN J. ALBRECHT, 1973—; 

Assistant Professor of Education. 

B.A., Northern Baptist College, 1952; 

M.A., Michigan State University, 

1958; Ph.D., 1972. 
TIMOTHY E. ALBRECHT, 1978—; 

Assistant Professor of Music. 

B.A., Oberlin College, 1973; B.M. 

1973; M.M., Eastman School of 

Music, 1975; D.M. A., 1978. 
STEVEN A. ANOLIK, 1979—; 

Adjunct Assistant Professor of 

Psychology. 

B.A., University of Connecticut, 

1973; M.A., Queens College of 

CUNY; 1975; Ph.D., Ohio State Uni- 
versity, 1978. 
NANCY H. BAXTER, 1979—; 

Adjunct Assistant Professor of 

Mathematics. 

B.A., Douglas College, 1968; Ph.D., 

Rutgers University, 1978. 
RICHARD C. BELL, 1966—; 

Assistant Professor of Chemistry. 

B.S. Lebanon Valley College, 1941; 

M.Ed., Temple University, 1955. 
JERE S. BERGER, 1977—; 

Assistant Professor of English. 

B.A., Oberlin College, 1953; S.T.B., 

Episcopal Theological School, 1956; 

S.T.M., Union Theological Seminary, 

1965; M.F.A., Carnegie-Mellon Uni- 
versity, 1969; Ph.D., 1973. 
FAY B. BURRAS, 1964—; 

Assistant Professor of Mathematics. 

A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 1960; 

M.A., Smith College, 1961. 



110 



RONALD G. BURRICHTER, 1968-1971; 
1973—; 

Assistant Professor of Music. 
B.M.E.. Wartburg College, 1964; 
M.M.. Peabody Conservatory of 
Music, 1968. 

*ROGER D. CARLSON, 1972—; 
Assistant Professor of Psychology. 
A.B., Sacramento State College, 1968; 
M.A., 1969; Ph.D., University of Ore- 
gon, 1972. 

ERWIN P. CHANDLER. 1978—; 
Adjunct Assistant Professor of Brass. 
B.S., Ithaca College, 1966; M.M., In- 
diana University, 1971. 

ROBERT A. CLAY, 1978—; 
Assistant Professor of Sociology. 
A.B., St. Mary's Seminary and Uni- 
versity, 1962; S.T.B., Pontifical Gre- 
gorian University, 1964; M.A., Cor- 
nell University, 1974. 

VIRGINIA E. ENGLEBRIGHT, 1971—; 
Assistant Professor of Voice. 
B.M.E., Florida State University, 
1969; M.M., 1970. 

CHARLES E. FLETCHER, 1977—; 
Assistant Professor of Accounting 
and Business Administration. 
B.S., University of Alabama, 1955; 
M.A.. New Mexico Highlands Uni- 
versity, 1966. 

LEONARD S. GEISSEL, JR., 1970—; 
Assistant Professor of Music Educa- 
tion and Brass. 

B.A., University of Delaw^are, 1957; 
M.A., University of Iowa, 1971. 

CORINNE JOY GUERRETTE, 1979—; 
Assistant Professor of German. 
B.A., University of California at 
Berkeley, 1971; M.A., 1975. 

CAROLYN R. HANES, 1977—; 
Assistant Professor of Sociology. 
B.A., Central Michigan University, 
1969; M.A., University of New 
Hampshire, 1973; Ph.D., 1976. 

JOHN H. HEFFNER, 1972—; 
Assistant Professor of Philosophy. 
B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1968; 
A.M., Boston University, 1971; Ph.D., 
1976. 



'Sabbatical leave, full year. 



DIANE M. IGLESIAS, 1976—; 

Assistant Professor of Spanish; 

Chairman of the Department of 

Foreign Languages. 

B.A., Queens College, 1971; M.A., 

1974; Ph.D., 1979. 
L. EUGENE JACQUES, 1975—; 

Assistant Professor of Education. 

B.A., University of Pittsburgh, 1937; 

M.Ed., 1941; D.Ed., 1952. 
RICHARD A. JOYCE, 1966—; 

Assistant Professor of History. 

A.B., Yale University, 1952; M.A., 

San Francisco State College, 1963. 
RICHARD N. W. KIRBY, 1972-1973; 

1974—; 

Assistant Professor of English. 

B.A., University of Leicester, 1966; 

M.A., 1967; Ph.D., University of Sus- 
sex, 1972. 
EVA GOFF KNIGHT, 1975—; 

Adjunct Assistant Professor of Edu- 
cation. 

B.A., Goucher College, 1955; M.A., 

Columbia University, 1963; C.A.S.E., 

Johns Hopkins University, 1964; 

Ed.D., Columbia University, 1968. 

NEVELYN J. KNISLEY, 1954-1958; 
1963; 1970—; 

Adjunct Assistant Professor of Piano. 
Mus.B., Oberlin Conservatory of 
Music, 1951; M.F.A., Ohio Univer- 
sity, 1953. 

EDWARD H. KREBS, 1976—; 
Assistant Professor of Economics and 
Business Administration. 
B.S., The Pennsylvania State Univer- 
sity. 1965; M.S., University of Mas- 
sachusetts, 1965; Ph.D., Michigan 
State University, 1970. 

LEON E. MARKOVVICZ, 1971—; 
Assistant Professor of English. 
A.B., Duquesne University, 1964; 
M.A., University of Pennsylvania, 
1968; Ph.D., 1972. 

OWEN A. MOE, JR., 1973—; 
Assistant Professor of Chemistry. 
B.A., St. Olaf's College, 1966; Ph.D., 
Purdue University, 1971. 

PHILIP G. MORGAN, 1969—; 
Assistant Professor of Voice. 
B.M.E., Kansas State College, 1962; 
M.S., 1965. 



Ill 



SIDNEY POLLACK, 1976—; 

Assistant Professor of Biology. 

B.A., New York University, 1963; 

Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania, 

1970. 
HOWARD L. RAITEN, 1979—; 

Assistant Professor of Sociology. 

B.S., City University of New York, 

1965; M.S.W., University of Hawaii, 

1976. 
FRANCIS P. SATALIN, JR., 1975—; 

Assistant Professor of Physical Edu- 
cation. 

B.A., St. Bonaventure University, 

1967; M.S. in Counseling, Syracuse 

University, 1971; M.S. in Physical 

Education, 1974. 
MALIN PH. SAYLOR, 1961—; 

Assistant Professor of French. 

Fil. Kand., Universities of Upsala and 

Stockholm, 1938. 
RODNEY H. SHEARER, 1976—; 

Adjunct Assistant Professor of Reli- 
gion. 
RICHARD G. STONE, 1976—; 

Assistant Professor of Economics and 

Business Administration. 

A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 1957; 

M.S., Franklin & Marshall College, 

1969; M.B.A., University of Connec- 
ticut, 1972. 
ALICE J. STRANGE, 1976—; 

Assistant Professor of French. 

A.B., Indiana University, 1965; M.A., 

1967. 
PHILLIP E. THOMPSON, 1974—; 

Assistant Professor of Physics. 

B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1968; 

Ph.D., University of Delaware, 1975. 
ANN L. HENNINGER TRAX, 1973—; 

Assistant Professor of Biology. 

B.A., Wilson College, 1968; Ph.D., 

University of Michigan, 1973. 
STEPHEN E. WILLIAMS, 1973—; 

Assistant Professor of Biology. 

B.A., Central College, 1964; M.S., 

University of Tennessee, 1966; Ph.D., 

Washington University, 1971. 
SUSAN E. VERHOEK WILLIAMS, 

1974—; 

Assistant Professor of Biology. 

B.A., Ohio Wesleyan University, 

1964; M.A., Indiana University, 1966; 

Ph.D., Cornell University, 1975. 



Instructors: 

DAVID V. BILGER, 1974—; 
Adjunct Instructor in Woodwinds. 
B.M., Ithaca College, 1967. 

DAVID H. BINKLEY, II, 1975-78; 
1979—; 

Adjunct Instructor in Organ. 
B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1971; 
M.S.M., Union Seminary, 1973. 

TERESA M. BOWERS, 1978—; 
Adjunct Instructor in Woodwinds. 
B.M., Susquehanna University, 1973; 
M.S., Ohio State University, 1974. 

MICHAEL W. CHABITNOY, 1977—; 
Adjunct Instructor in Brass. 
B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1963. 

BRUCE S. CORRELL, 1972—; 
Instructor in Physical Education. 
B.S., Bowling Green State University, 
1971; M.Ed., 1972. 

M. ELAINE COSTELLO, Jan. -May, 
1977; 1979—; 

Adjunct Instructor in Biology. 
B.S., Drew University, 1973; M.S., 
University of Maryland, 1977. 

JAMES L. DUNN, 1972—; 

Adjunct Instructor in Woodwinds. 

B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1964; 

M.M., University of Michigan, 1968. 
MARY F. GINGRICH, January, 1979—; 

Adjunct Instructor in Piano. 

Lebanon Valley College. 
JOSEPH A. GOEBEL, Jr., 1972—; 

Adjunct Instructor in Percussion. 

B.S. in Ed., Millersville State College, 

1961. 
JANET L. HARRIGER, 1977—; 

Instructor in Physical Education. 

B.S., Lock Haven State College, 1974. 
STEVEN P. LINDENBERG, 1979—; 

Adjunct Instructor in Sociology and 

Social Service. 

B.S., Millersville State College, 1968; 

M.Ed., Shippensburg State College, 

1974; Ph.D., University of Georgia, 

1977. 
DAVID E. MYERS, 1979—; 

Adjunct Instructor in Organ. 

B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1970; 

M.M., Eastman School of Music, 

1973. 



112 



H. WILLIAM NIXON, 1979—; 
Adjunct Instructor in Music. 
B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1971; 
M.M., Pennsylvania State College, 
1967. 

H. DONALD REED, 1975—; 

Adjunct Instructor in Brass. 

B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1964; 

M.Ed., West Chester State College, 

1973. 
JOHN S. SMITH. 1979—; 

Adjunct Instructor in Psychology. 

B.S., Juniata College, 1971; M.A., 

Pepperdine University, 1976. 
GLORIA E. STAMBACH. 1970-1973; 

1975—; 

Adjunct Instructor in Piano. 

Diploma. Juilliard School of Music, 

1952; Post Graduate Diploma, 1956. 
THOMAS M. STROHMAN, 1977—; 

Adjunct Instructor in Fiute. 

B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1975. 



OFFICES OF ADMINISTRATION 

Office of the President 

FREDERICK P. SAMPLE, 1968—; 
President 

B.A., Lebanon Valley College, 1952; 
M.Ed., Western Maryland College, 
1956; D.Ed., The Pennsylvania State 
University, 1968; Ph.D., Albright Col- 
lege, 1968. 

Academic: 

Office of the Dean of the College: 

CARL Y. EHRHART, 1947—; 

Dean of the College, I960—; 

Vice President, 1967—; 

A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 1940; 

M.Div., United Theological Semi- 
nary, 1943: Ph.D., Yale University, 

1954. 
RALPH S. SHAY, 1948-1951; Feb. 

1953—; 

Assistant Dean of the College, 1967- 

A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 1942; 

A.M., University of Pennsylvania, 

1947; Ph.D., 1962. 
EDWIN H. WELCH, 1975—; 

Assistant Dean of the College, 

1979—. 



Office of Admissions: 

GREGORY G. STANSON, 1966—; 

Director o/ Admissions, 1972 — . 

B.A., Lebanon Valley College, 1963; 

M.Ed., University of Toledo, 1966. 
KATHY E. BICKLSER. 1979—; 

CounseJJor in Admissions. 

B.S., Pennsylvania State University, 

1977. 

JAMES E. BINDSCHADLER, 1979—; 

CounseJior in Admissions. 

B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1979. 
RONALD K. GOOD, 1979—; 

Counsellor in Admissions. 

B.S., Millersville State College, 1959; 

M.Ed., 1966. 
WENDY L. THOMPSON, 1979—; 

Counseiior in Admissions. 

A.B., Westminster College, 1977; 

M.A., Drew University, 1978. 

Office of the Registrar: 

RALPH S. SHAY, 1948-1951; Feb., 
1953—; 

Assistant Dean of the College and 
Registrar, 1967—. 

Computer Center: 

FAY B. BURRAS, 1964—; 

Director of the Computer Center, 

1979—. 
HENRY H. GRIMM, 1978—; 

Consultant, Computer Center. 

A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 1935; 

M.A., University of Pennsylvania, 

1936. 
STEPHEN SHOOP, 1978—; 

Assistant Director of the Computer 

Center. 

B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1974. 

Library: 

WILLIAM E. HOUGH, III, 1970—; 

Head Librarian; Associate Professor. 

A.B., The King's College, 1955; 

Th.M., Dallas Theological Seminary, 

1959; M.S.L.S., Columbia University, 

1965. 
ELOISE P. BROWN, 1961—; 

Reference Librarian. 

B.S.L.S., Simmons College, 1946. 



113 



ALICE S. DIEHL, 1966—; 
Cataloging Librarian. 
A.B., Smith College, 1956; B.S., Car- 
negie Institute of Technology, 1957; 
M.L.S., University of Pittsburgh, 
1966. 

Media Center: 

EVA GOFF KNIGHT, 1975—; 

Director of the Media Center, 1977. 

Auxiliary Schools: 

EDWIN H. WELCH, 1975—; 

Director of the Auxiliary Schools, 
1977—. 

STUDENT AFFAIRS: 
Student Personnel Office: 

GEORGE R. MARQUETTE, 1952—; 

Dean of Students, 1972—. 

A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 1948; 

M.A., Columbia University, 1951; 

Ed.D., Temple University, 1967. 
LOUIS A. SORRENTINO, 1971—; 

Assistant Dean of Students, 1974 — . 

Director of Placement, 1975 — . 

B.A., Lebanon Valley College, 1954; 

M.A., Bucknell University, 1961. 

ROSEMARY YUHAS, 1973—; 

Assistant Dean of Students, 1976 — . 

B.S., Lock Haven State College, 1966; 

M.Ed., West Chester State College, 

1970. 
MARY P. KELSEY, Head Resident, 

Mabel I. Silver Hall. 
MARY M. COX, Head Resident, 

Vickroy Hall. 
KATHRYN E. ROHLAND, Head Resi- 
dent, 

Mary Capp Green Hall. 

College Center: 

WALTER L. SMITH, JR., 1961-1969; 
1971—; 

College Center Director; Coordinator 
of Conferences. 

B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1961; 
M.S. in Ed., Temple University, 1967. 

Health Services: 

ROBERT F. EARLY, 1971—; 
College Physician. 
B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1949; 
M.D., Jefferson Medical College, 
1952. 



RUSSELL L. GINGRICH, 1971—; 

CoiJege Physician. 

B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1947; 

M.D., Jefferson Medical College, 

1951. 
ROBERT M. KLINE, 1970—; 

College Physician. 

B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1950; 

M.D., Jefferson Medical College, 

1955; B.A., Lebanon Valley College, 

1971. 
JULIANA Z. WOLFE, 1975-1978; 

1979—; 

Head Nurse. 

R.N., St. Joseph's Hospital, Carbon- 
dale, 1963. 
VIRGINIA ALBRIGHT, R.N., Resident 

Nurse. 
KAREN FLEAGLE, R.N., Resident 

Nurse. 

Office of the Chaplain: 

RODNEY H. SHEARER, 1976—; 
College Chaplain. 

B.A., Lebanon Valley College, 1966; 
M.Div., United Theological Semi- 
nary, 1969. 

Office of Athletics: 

GERALD J. PETROFES, 1963—; 
Director of Athletics. 

Coaching Staff: 

BRUCE S. CORRELL, 1972—; 

Lacrosse Coach; Soccer Coach; Direc- 
tor of Intramurals for Men. 

JOHN S. DeFRANK, 1979—; 
Assistant Football Coach. 

HAROLD G. GETZ, 1978—; 
Assistant Football Coach. 

JANET L. HARRIGER, 1977—; 

Women's Rasketball Coach; Wom- 
en's Lacrosse Coach; Director of 
Intramurals for Women; Assistant 
Field Hockey Coach. 

JOEL E. HOFFSMITH, 197&— ; 
Cross Country Coach. 

TERRENCE L. KNIGHT, SR., 1978—; 
Equipment Manager. 

JOHN T. LOFTUS, 1975—; 
Assistant Basketball Coach. 
B.S., King's College, 1969. 

GERALD J. PETROFES, 1963—; 
Golf Coach; Wrestiing Coach. 



114 



O. KENT REED, 1971—; 

Assistant Foothall Coach; Track 

Coach. 
FRANCIS B. SATALIN, JR., 1975—; 

Basketball Coach; Baseball Coach. 
LOUIS A. SORRENTINO, 1971—; 

Football Coach. 
PATRICK R. TRAINOR, 1979—; 

Sports Information Director, Girl's 

Basketball Coach. 
JACQUELINE S. WALTERS, 1965—; 

Field Hockey Coach. 
ROSEMARY YUHAS, 1973—; 

Assistant Women's Lacrosse Coach. 

College Relations Area: 
Development Office 

ROBERT M. WONDERLING, 1967—; 

Executive Director of Development 

and College Relations, 1976—; 

B.S., Clarion State College, 1953; 

M.Ed., University of Pittsburgh, 

1958. 
PRESTON H. HADLEY, III, 1979—; 

Assistant Director of Development. 

A.B., Bucknell University, 1968. 

Public Relations: 

HAROLD D. ULMER, 1973—; 

Director of Public Relations, 1978 — ; 
B.A., Lebanon Valley College, 1973. 

BETH E. EARLY BRANDT, 1978—; 
Assistant Director of Public Rela- 
tions. 
B.A., Lebanon Valley College, 1976. 

CAROL J. LENNOX, 1978—; 
Assistant in Public Relations. 
B.A., Virginia Polytechnic Institute 
and State University, 1978. 

Alumni Office: 

DAVID M. LONG, 1966—; 
Director of Alumni Relations. 
A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 1959; 
M.Ed., Temple University, 1961. 



BUSINESS MANAGEMENT: 
Office of the Controller: 

ROBERT C. RILEY, 1951—; 

Controiier, 1962; Vice President, 
1967—. 

B.S. in Ed., Shippensburg State Col- 
lege, 1941; M.S., Columbia Univer- 
sity, 1947; Ph.D., New York Univer- 
sity, 1962; C.P.M., 1976. 

ROBERT C. HARTMAN, 1969—; 
Accountant. 
B.S., Elizabethtow^n College, 1962. 

DANE A. WOLFE, 1977—; 
Assistant Controller, 
B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1974. 

WILLIAM JEFF ZELLERS, 1977—; 
Financial Aid Officer. 
B.A., Muskingum College, 1974; 
M.A., Bowling Green State Univer- 
sity, 1975. 

ROBERT HARNISH, 1967—; 
Manager of the College Store; Busi- 
ness Manager of the Concert Choir 
and Chamber Orchestra. 
B.A., Randolph Macon College, 1966. 

HERMAN W. HEISEY, 1975—; 
Director of Security. 

RONALD G. EVANS, Administrative 
Services. 



Buildings and Grounds: 

SAMUEL J. ZEARFOSS, 1952—; 

Superintendent of Buildings and 

Grounds, 1969—; 
DELLA M. NEIDIG, 1962—; 

Director of Housekeeping, 1972 — . 

Food Service: 

GEORGE F. LANDIS, JR., 1966—; 

Manager of Food Service, 1970 — . 
MILDRED J. REESE, 1969—; 

Manager of the Snack Shop, 1973 — . 



115 



COMMITTEES OF THE FACULTY— 1979-1980 



Central Committee 

Dr. Hearsey Dr. Rhodes 

Dr. Henninger, Chairperson Dr. Spencer 



Dr. Verhoek 



Dean Ehrhart, Chairperson 

Dr. Davidon 

Dr. Ebersole 

Dr. Ford 

Dr. Geffen 

Mr. Hough 

Dr. Iglesias 

Mr. Iskowitz 

Dr. Knight 



Mr. Clay, Secretary 
Dr. Fleischman 
Mr. Fletcher 
Dr. Jacques 



Curriculum Committee 

Dr. Lau 
Dr. Mayer 
Dr. Neidig 
Mr. Petrofes 
Dr. Rhodes 
Mr. Thompson 
Dr. Welch 
Dr. Wethington 
Dr. Wolf 



Dr. Shay, Advisory Member 
Denise Achey, Student 
Eugene Barry, Student 
Joel Deaner, Student 
Margaret Huml, Student 
Gregory Ilioff, Student 
Gary Whiting, Student 



Academic Life Committee 

Mr. Joyce Mr. O'Donnell 

Dr. Kearney Dr. Pollack 

Dr. Markowicz, Chairperson Mrs. Saylor 
Dr. Moe Dr. Wolf 



Dr. Bailey, Chairperson 
Dr. Davidon 
Dr. Ebersole 
Dr. Fehr 



Faculty Life Committee 

Dr. Geffen Dr. Tom 

Dr. Krebs Dr. Troutman, Secretary 



Dr. O'Donnell 
Mr. Satalin 



Dr. Williams 



General Campus Life Committee 

Dr. Berger, Chairperson Dr. Lau, Secretary Dr. Sweigart 

Dr. Wethington 



Miss Burras 
Dr. Curfman 
Dr. Knight 



Mr. Petrofes 
Mr. Reed 
Mr. Stone 



Mr. Woods 



Dr. T. Albrecht 
Dr. M. Albrecht 
Mr. Bell 
Mr. Gorrell 



Student Life Committee 



Mrs. Englebright 
Dr. Hanes 
Miss Harriger 
Mrs. Herr 



Dr. Mayer, Chairperson 
Dr. Richardson, Secretary 
Dr. Wolfe 



THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES 1979-1980 

OFFICERS: 

President F. Allen Rutherford, Jr. 

First Vice President Elizabeth K. Weisburger 

Second Vice President Nicholas Bova, Jr. 

Secretary E. D. Williams, Jr. 

Treasurer E. Peter Strickler 

Assistant Treasurer Gerald D. Kauffman 

President Emeritus E. N. Funkhouser 

President Emeritus Allan W. Mund 



1981) 



Members: 

tEdward H. Arnold 

B.A. 

President. New Penn Motor Express, 
Inc. 

Lebanon, Pennsylvania 
tjames M. Ault (1980) 

A.B., B.D., S.T.M., D.D., LL.D. 

Resident Bishop of the Philadelphia 
Area 

Eastern Pennsylvania Conference and 
Wyoming Conference 

United Methodist Church 

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 
*George W. Bashore (1982) 

A.B., M.Div., D.D., D.Min. 

Superintendent, Lebanon-Reading 
District 

Eastern Pennsylvania Conference 

United Methodist Church 

Reading, Pennsylvania 
tEdward H. Benson (1981) 

Chairman of the Board 

Lancaster Leaf Tobacco Company 

Lancaster, Pennsylvania 
^William D. Boswell (1980) 

Ph.B., LL.B. 

Attorney — Berman and Boswell 

Harrisburg, Pennsylvania 
**Nicholas Bova, Jr. (1981) 

B.S. 

Vice President, Avon Products, Inc. 

New York City, New York 



*Elected by Church Conference 
*Trustee-at-Large 
tAlumni Trustee-at-Large 
^Faculty Trustee-at-Large 



*Mildred Bowen (1981) 

Manager Cafeteria 

Northeastern School District 

Mt. Wolf, Pennsylvania 
*Jean Buckley (1982) 

1941 Guiner Lane 

Jamison, Pennsylvania 
tMichael B. Buterbaugh (1980) 

Student, Lebanon Valley College 

Annville, Pennsylvania 
tRaymond H. Carr (1982) 

President, Pickering Creek 

Industrial Park, Inc. 

Lionville, Pennsylvania 
*W. Edgar Gathers (1980) 

B.A., B.D. 

Administrator 

Simpson House 

The United Methodist Church 

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 

*Ruth S. Daugherty (1980) 
B.A. 

35 Wilson Drive 
Lancaster, Pennsylvania 

tCurvin N. Dellinger (1982) 
B.S. 

President, J. C. Hauer's Sons, Inc. 
Lebanon, Pennsylvania 

tWoodrow S. Dellinger (1981) 
B.S., M.D. 

General Practitioner 
Red Lion, Pennsylvania 

tDeWitt M. Essick (1980) 
Retired Executive 
Armstrong Cork Company 
Lancaster, Pennsylvania (1981) 



117 



*Eugene C. Fish (1981) 

B.S., J.D. 

President, Peerless Industries, Inc. 

Boyertown, Pennsylvania 

Chairman of the Board — Eastern 
Foundry Company 

Boyertown, Pennsylvania 

Attorney — Romeika, Fish and 
Scheckter 

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 

Sr. Partner, Tax Associates 

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 
*Daniel W. Fox (1981) 

B.S., M.S., Ph.D. 

Manager, Central Research 

Chemistry Research and 
Development 

General Electric Company^Plastic 
Division 

Pittsfield, Massachusetts 
^*Murray B. Grosky (1982) 

B.S., M.D. 

Physician — Internal Medicine 

President, Grosky and Druckman 
Associates 

Lebanon, Pennsylvania 
*Kathryn Mowrey Grove (1980) 

A.B. 

Homemaker 

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 
*Thomas W. Guinivan (1982) 

A.B., B.D., D.D. 

Pastor, Colonial Park United 

Methodist Church 

Harrisburg, Pennsylvania 
tjohn R. Harper (1981) 

President, Pardee Company 

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 
*Philip C. Herr, II (1982) 

A.B.,LL.B. 

Attorney — Herr, Potts and Herr 

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 
*Earl H. Kauffman (1982) 

A.B., M.Div., S.T.M. 

Pastor, Highspire/Mt. Zion 

United Methodist Church 

Highspire, Pennsylvania 

*Elected by Church Conference 
*Trustee-at-Large 
tAlumni Trustee-at-Large 
^Faculty Trustee-at-Large 



*Gerald D. Kauffman (1982) 

A.B., B.D., D.D. 

Pastor, Grace United Methodist 
Church 

Carlisle, Pennsylvania 
tWalter Levinsky (1980) 

Free-lance Musician, Composer and 
Conductor 

New York City, New York 
tKarl L. Lockwood (1980) 

B.S.,Ph.D. 

Professor of Chemistry 

Lebanon Valley College 

Annville, Pennsylvania 
*Thomas S. May (1981) 

B.S., B.D., D.D. 

Retired Pastor, United Methodist 
Church 

Palmyra, Pennsylvania 
*Joan C. McCulloh (1980) 

A.B., M.A.T. 

Chairperson, Department of English 

Annville-Cleona School District 

Annville, Pennsylvania 

tCharles B. Mershon (1980) 
Student, Lebanon Valley College 
Annville, Pennsylvania 

tAllan W. Mund (1981) 

L.L.D., D.B.A. 

Retired Chairman, Board of Directors 

Ellicott Machine Corporation 

Baltimore, Maryland 
tHoward A. Neidig (1979) 

B.S., M.S., Ph.D. 

Chairperson, Department of 
Chemistry 

Professor of Chemistry 

Lebanon Valley College 

Annville, Pennsylvania 

*Henry H. Nichols (1981) 
B.S., B.A., B.D., S.T.B.. D.D., LL.D. 
Pastor, Janes Memorial United 

Methodist Church 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 

*John D. Norton, III (1980) 
B.A., M.A., Ph.D. 
Assistant Professor of Political 

Science 
Lebanon Valley College 
Annville, Pennsylvania 



118 



4:Agnes B. O'Donnell (1982) 

A.B., M.Ed., M.A.. Ph.D. 

Professor of English 

Lebanon Valley College 

Annville, Pennsylvania 
*Harold S. Peiffer (1980) 

Retired Pastor, United Methodist 
Church 

Lancaster, Pennsylvania 
tBernardo H. Penturelli (1981) 

Corporate Consultant 

Laureldale, Pennsylvania 
*Kenneth H. Plummer (1981) 

Vice President, E.D. Plummer Sons, 
Inc. 

Chambersburg, Pennsylvania 
*}essie A. Pratt (1981) 

Homemaker 

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 
tRhea Reese (1982) 

Homemaker 

Hershey, Pennsylvania 
*Mildred M. Reigh (1981) 

B.A., M.Ed., M.S. 

Professor of Mathematics 

Indiana University of Pennsylvania 

Indiana, Pennsylvania 
tMelvin S. Rife (1980) 

Retired Executive 

Schmidt and Ault Paper Company, 
Div. St. Regis Paper Company 

York, Pennsylvania 
tP. Allen Rutherford, Jr. (1981) 

B.S., C.P.A. 

Retired, Principal, Arthur Young and 
Company 

Richmond, Virginia 

Frederick P. Sample 

B.A., M.Ed., D.Ed., Pd.D. 

President of the College 

Annville, Pennsylvania 
*Daniel L. Shearer (1980) 

A.B., B.D., S.T.M., D.D. 

Director-Program Council 

Central Pennsylvania Conference 

United Methodist Church 

Harrisburg, Pennsylvania 



*Elected by Church Conference 
*Trustee-at-Large 
tAlumni Trustee-at-Large 
^Faculty Trustee-at-Large 



**Harvey B. Snyder (1980) 

B.S., M.D. 

Medical Director — Exxon Company 

U.S.A. 

Houston, Texas 
*James N. Spencer (1981) 

B.S., Ph.D. 

Associate Professor of Chemistry 

Lebanon Valley College 

Annville, Pennsylvania 
^Arthur W. Stambach (1982) 

A.B., B.D., D.D. 

Superintendent, Chambersburg 
District 

Central Pennsylvania Conference 

United Methodist Church 

Chambersburg, Pennsylvania 

*Paul E. Stambach (1980) 
A.B., B.D., S.T.M., Ph.D. 
Pastor, Asbury United Methodist 

Church 
York, Pennsylvania 

tSara K. Stauffer (1981) 
B.S. 

Treasurer 
Leola Supply Company of Leola and 

Maryland 
Leola, Pennsylvania 

tE. Peter Strickler (1980) 
B.S. 
President, Strickler Insurance 

Agency, Inc. 
Lebanon, Pennsylvania 

tSusan E. Verhoek 
B.A., M.A., Ph.D. 
Assistant Professor of Biology 
Lebanon Valley College 
Annville, Pennsylvania 

^*Ronald B. Weinel (1980) 
B.S., M.B.S., C.P.A. 
Assistant Treasurer, The Bendix 

Corporation 
Southfield, Michigan 

tElizabeth K. Weisburger (1982) 
B.S., Ph.D. 
Chief of Carcinogen Metabolism and 

Toxicology Branch 
National Cancer Institute 
Bethesda, Maryland 



119 



tHarlan R. Wengert (1981) 

B.S., M.B.A. 

President, Wengert's Dairy, Inc. 

Lebanon, Pennsylvania 
*Dennis Williams (1982) 

B.A., M.Div., D.Min. 

Pastor, United Methodist Church of 
West Chester 

West Chester, Pennsylvania 
tE. D. Williams, Jr. (1981) 

Secretary, Lebanon Valley College 

Board of Trustees 

Annville, Pennsylvania 



HONORARY TRUSTEES 

Jefferson C. Barnhart, Esquire 

A.B., LL.B. 

Attorney — McNees, Wallace and 
Nurick 

Harrisburg, Pennsylvania 

Berthram Brossman Blair 

LL.D. 

President and Chairman of the Board 

Denver and Ephrata Telephone Com- 
pany 

Ephrata, Pennsylvania 

Horace E. Smith 

A.B., LL.B. 

Attorney — Smith and McCleary 

York, Pennsylvania 

Woodrow W. Waltemyer 

Business Executive 

York, Pennsylvania 

Mrs. Albert Watson 

Homemaker 

Carlisle, Pennsylvania 



Elmer N. Funkhouser 

A.B., LL.D. 

Retired President, Funkhouser 

Corporation 
Hagerstown, Maryland 
Paul E. Horn 
A.B., B.D., D.D. 
Pastor, Stevens Memorial United 

Methodist Church 
Harrisburg, Pennsylvania 
Hermann W. Kaebnick 
A.B., B.D., S.T.M., D.D., L.H.D. 
Retired Bishop, Central Pennsylvania 

Conference 
United Methodist Church 
Hershey, Pennsylvania 
Robert Lutz 
A.B. 

Retired Executive 

Blumenthal-Kahn Electric Company 
Ow^ings Mills, Maryland 
Ezra H. Ranck 
A.B., B.D., D.D. 
Retired Pastor, United Methodist 

Church 
Mt. Joy, Pennsylvania 
Robert H. Reese 
Retired President 
H. B. Reese Candy Company, Inc. 
Hershey, Pennsylvania 
Ralph M. Ritter 
President, Ritter Brothers, Inc. 
Harrisburg, Pennsylvania 
Samuel K. Wengert 
B.S., LL.D. 

Chairman of the Board 
Wengert's Dairy, Inc. 
Lebanon, Pennsylvania 



TRUSTEES EMERITUS 

William D. Bryson 

LL.D. 

Retired Executive, Walter W. 

Moyer Company 
Ephrata, Pennsylvania 



*Elected by Church Conference 
*Trustee-at-large 
tAlumni Trustee-at-Large 
tFacuhy Trustee-at-Large 



COMMITTEES OF THE BOARD 

Executive Committee 

Frederick P. Sample, Chm. 
Nicholas Bova, Jr. 
Ruth S. Daugherty 
Thomas W. Guinivan 
Karl L. Lockv^ood 
Henry H. Nichols 
Rhea Reese 



120 



F. Allen Rutherford, Jr. 
Paul E. Stambach 
E. Peter Strickler 
Ronald B. Weinel 
Dennis Williams 

Finance Committee 

Eugene C. Fish, Chm. (1982) 
Harlan R. Wengert, Vice Chm. (1981) 
E. D. Williams. Jr., Sec. (1980) 

E. Peter Strickler, Treas. 

Gerald D. Kauffman, Asst. Treas. (198i; 
Edward H. Arnold (1982) 
Curvin N. Dellinger (1980) 
Allan W. Mund (1980) 
Bernardo H. Penturelli (1981) 
Kenneth H. Plummer (1980) 

F. Allen Rutherford, Jr. 
Frederick P. Sample 
James N. Spencer (1981) 
Sara K. Stauffer (1982) 

Faculty-Administrative Committee 

W. Edgar Gather, Chm. 
George W. Bashore 
William D. Boswell 
Woodrow S. Dellinger 



Murray B. Grosky 
John D. Norton 
Frederick P. Sample 
Daniel L. Shearer 
Elizabeth K. Weisburger 

Auditing Committee 

Melvin S. Rife, Ghm. 
John R. Harper 
Joan G. McGulloh 

Buildings and Grounds Committee 

E. D. Williams, Jr., Ghm. 
Daniel W. Fox 
Philip G. Herr, II 
Kenneth Plummer 
Frederick P. Sample 
E. Peter Strickler 
Susan E. Verhoek 

Nominating Committee 

Arthur W. Stambach, Ghm. 
Gurvin D. Dellinger 
Murray B. Grosky 
Agnes B. O'Donnell 
Harold S. Peiffer 




m ^v ' %.^ 



M 



N^ 



121 



CORRESPONDENCE DIRECTORY 

To Facilitate Prompt Attention, Inquiries 
Should be Addressed as Indicated Below: 

Matters of General College Interest President 

Academic Program Vice President and Dean of the College 

Admissions Director of Admissions 

Alumni Interests Director of Alumni Relations 

Business Matters, Expenses Vice President and Controller 

Campus Conferences Coordinator of Conferences 

Development and Bequests Executive Director of Development 

Evening School and Summer Session Assistant Dean of the College 

Financial Aid to Students Financial Aid Officer 

Placement: 

Teacher Placement Director of Teacher Placement 

Business and Industrial Director of Industrial Placement 

Publication and Publicity Director of Public Relations 

Religious Activities Chaplain 

Student Interests Dean of Students 

Teacher Certification Assistant Dean of the College 

Transcripts, Academic Reports 

Assistant Dean of the College and Registrar 
Weekend College Director of Weekend College 

Address all mail to: 

Lebanon Valley College 
Annville, Pennsylvania 17003 

Direct all telephone calls to: 

Lebanon Valley College 
Annville, Pennsylvania 
Area Code 717 Local Number 867-4411 

Regular office hours for transacting business: 

College office hours are from 8:30 a.m. to 12:00 noon and 1:00 p.m. 
to 5:00 p.m. Monday through Friday. Members of the staff are available 
for interviews at other times if appointments are made in advance. 



122 




^{IM 








■^^rr 





" COLLFSE M 




.">/■ 



sse 



>- 



x: 

o 

^_ 

CO 3 

N SZ 

i5 O 

d CD • — 

2 _ — = C O CO 

^ < ^ °^ c ^ ^ I X X = ^ 

^ O O ^ .-= o c .S^ 5 ^ ^ 

©(§) (g)(i)(§){8)(§)(§) (g) (§)(§) i) 



E 



2 :? 



C 



Q. :3 a> .? ?=5 

< TO D •= X 

S « = "ale 

J- O m ^ <l^ 

o §^S|-iE2^^|||5 
©©©©©© (g) ©(§)(§) (D © (D 



CO 




















CO 
















> > > 




















< < < 





c 








CO 




















c 






O) D) D) 




O 




















g^0 








'co 






000 


ig 


p ^ 








E 






"^ CsJ 


'5 


■5 

CD 








•4—' 

c 







< 






-^ CO 


CD 


nistration 
W. Mund 


■D 


Ll 

■D 



■♦-' 


■D 
DO 



'cn 



CO 

X 











Ity Offices, 
Ity Offices, 
Ity Offices, 
houser Ha 


'0 

c 


LL 
CO 


Eg 





CO 


^ 


c 


+-> 


-»— « 


D D D ^ 


■Q 


c 




CO 


^ 


c 


CO 


C 


CO 


■D = 


^ 


1_ 




CO 





CO 


CO m CO 13 




< < < < 


S 


LU LL LL LL LL 


(5 



©®@©@@©@@(S)g)(g)@ 



INDEX 



Absences 31 

Academic Classification 31 

Academic Dishonesty 31 

Academic Offices 113 

Academic Probation 32 

Academic Programs and Procedures 21 

Academic Procedures 28 

Academic Program 21 

Academic Requirements 21 

Accounting, Courses in 48 

Accreditation 7 

Activities, Student 35 

Actuarial Science, Outline of Program 95 

Actuarial Science, Plan of Study in 69 

Administrative Staff 113 

Administrative Regulations 31 

Admissions Deposit 15 

Admissions, Requirements and 

Information 13 

Advanced Placement 15 

Advisers, Faculty 29 

Aid, Student 18 

Alpha Phi Omega 36 

Alpha Psi Omega 36 

Anthropology, Course in 92 

Application Fee 16 

Application for Admission 13 

Art, Courses in 40 

Athletics 39 

Athletics, Aims and Objectives 39 

Attendance, Chapel-Convocation 31 

Attendance, Class 31 

Auditing Courses 29 

Auditions, Department of Music 14 

Auxiliary Schools 25 

Auxiliary School Fees 17 

Baccalaureate, Attendance of 23 

Balmer Showers Lectureship 35 

Band, All-Girl 78 

Band, Symphonic 37, 18 

Basic Educational Opportunity Grants 19 

Baseball 39 

Basketball 39 

Biology, Courses in 41 

Biology, Outline of Program 95 

Biology, Marine 27 

Board Fees 16 

Board of Trustees 117 

Board of Trustees, Committees 120 

Board of Trustees, Officers 117 

Business Administration, Courses in 49 

Campus Employment 19 

Campus Map 124, 125 

Campus Organizations 36 

Cars, Student Rules Concerning 32 

Certification, Requirements for 

Teachers 104 



Change of Registration 28 

Chapel Choir 37, 78 

Chapel-Convocation Program 31, 35 

Chemistry, Courses in 44 

Chemistry, Outline of Program 96 

Class Attendance 31 

Clubs, Departmental 36 

College Calendar, 1979-1980 2 

College Chorus 37, 78 

College Entrance Examination Board 

Tests 13 

College History 5 

College Honors Progam 25 

College Level Examination Program 

(CLEP) 15 

College Profile 5 

Commencement, Attendance of 23 

Committees, Board of Trustees 120 

Committees, Faculty 116 

Computer Programming 46 

Concert Choir 32. 78 

Concurrent Courses 29 

Contingency Deposit 16 

Cooperative Programs 98 

Correspondence Directory 122 

Counseling and Placement 30 

Course Credit 40 

Course Numbering System 40 

Courses of Study by Departments 40 

Credits Earned at Another Institution 14 

Cross Country 39 

Cultural Opportunities 37 

Degrees, Requirements for 21 

Delta Tau Chi 36 

Denominational Organizations 35 

Departmental Clubs 36 

Departmental Honors 25 

Departmental Honors, Biology 42 

Departmental Honors, Chemistry 44 

Departmental Honors, Economics 47 

Departmental Honors, Elementary 

Education 51 

Departmental Honors, English 55 

Departmental Honors, Foreign 

Languages 57 

Departmental Honors, History 63 

Departmental Honors, Mathematics 69 

Departmental Honors, Music 74 

Departmental Honors, Philosophy 81 

Departmental Honors, Physics 83 

Departmental Honors, Political 

Science 65 

Departmental Honors, Psychology 86 

Departmental Honors, Religion 89 

Departmental Honors, Sociology 92 

Departments, Courses of Study by 40 

Directories 107 

Discontinuance of Courses 29 

Dismissal 33 



126 



Distribution Requirements 24 

Double Major 21 

Dramatic Organizations 37 

Economics and Business Administration, 

Outline of Program 97 

Economics, Courses in 50 

Education, Courses in 52 

Elementary Education, Courses in 53 

Elementary Education, Outline in 

Program 98 

Elementary Education — 

Subject Matter Requirements 104 

Emeritus Professors 107 

Employment 19 

Endowment Funds 8 

Engineering, Cooperative Program, 

Outine of Program 98 

English, Courses in 54 

English, Intern Program 55 

Enrollment Statistics 11 

Entrance Requirements 13 

Environmental Biology Program 27 

Evening Classes 25 

Examinations 22 

Examinations, College Entrance Board 13 

Expenses 16 

Extension Courses 26 

Extra-Curricular Activities 35 

Faculty 107 

Faculty Advisers 30 

Faculty Committees 116 

Fees and Deposits 16 

Financial Aid 18 

Football 39 

Foreign Languages, Courses in 57 

Foreign Language Requirement 24 

Forestry, Cooperative Program, 

Outline of Program 100 

French, Courses in 58 

Freshman Orientation 29 

Freshman-Sophomore Honors 25 

Furnishings, Residence Halls 17 

General Requirements 24 

Germantown Metropolitan Semester 26 

Geography, Courses in 62 

German, Courses in 59 

Golf 39 

Governing Bodies 37 

Government, Student 37 

Grade-Point Average 22 

Grading and Quality Points, 

System of 22 

Grading, Pass-Fail 23 

Grants-in-Aid 19 

Greek, Courses in 60 

Guild Student Group 37 

Hazing 31 

Health Reports 13 

History and Political Science, 

Courses in 63 

History, College 5 

History, Courses in 63 

Honorary Organizations 36 

Honors Program 25 

Honors Studies 25 



Hours, Limit of Credit 30 

Humanities 68 

Independent Study. Accounting 49 

Independent Study, Biology 43 

Independent Study, Business 

Administration 5Q 

Independent Study, Chemistry 45 

Independent Study, Economics 5^ 

Independent Study, Elementary 

Education 54 

Independent Study, English 57 

Independent Study, French 59 

Independent Study, German 60 

Independent Study, History 65 

Independent Study, Mathematics 72 

Independent Study, Music 80 

Independent Study, Philosophy 81, 82 

Independent Study, Physics 83, 85 

Independent Study, Political Science 67 

Independent Study, Psychology 86, 88 

Independent Study, Religion 91 

Independent Study, Sociology 94 

Independent Study, Spanish 62 

Information for Prospective Students 13 

Institutional Rules 38 

Instructors 112 

Insurance Plan and Fee 16 

International Studies Program 27 

Intercollegiate Athletic Programs 39 

Interdisciplinary Courses 68 

Judicial Appeals Board 37 

Lacrosse 39 

Late Registration 28 

Latin, Courses in 61 

Limit of Hours 30 

Loans ;i9 

Major Requirements 21 

Map, Campus 124-125 

Mathematics and Actuarial Sciences, 

Courses in 69 

Meals 18 

Medical Examinations 13 

Medical Technology, Cooperative 

Program, Outline of Program 100 

Merrill-Palmer Institute Semester 27 

Metropolitan Semester 26 

Metropolitan Semester, Courses in 72 

Music, Conducting 80 

Music, Courses in 72 

Music Education, Outline of Program . . 73, 102 

Music Fees 16 

Music Instruction, Applied 80 

Music Instruction, Individual 80 

Music, Instrumental Courses "71 

Music, History and Appreciation of 79 

Music, Methods and Materials 76 

Music Organizations 37, 78 

Music, Outline of Program 74, 102 

Music, Sacred, Outline of Program 73, 102 

Music, Special Requirements 73 

Music, Student Teaching 17 

Music, Theory of 74 

National Direct Student Loans 19 



127 



New Student Orientation 29 

Night Classes 26 

Nursing, Cooperative Program, 

Outline of Program 104 

Offices of Administration 113 

Officers, Board of Trustees 117 

Organizations 36 

Orientation 29 

Parking, Student Rules on 32 

Part-Time Student Fees 16 

Pass/Fail Grading 23 

Payment of Fees and Deposits 16 

Philosophy, Courses in 81 

Physical Education, Courses in 82 

Physical Education Requirement 24 

Physical Examinations 13 

Physics, Courses in 83 

Placement 30 

Policy of Non-Discrimination 8 

Political Science, Courses in 65 

Position Statement 38 

Pre-Dental Curriculum 95 

Pre-Medical Curriculum 95 

Pre-Registration ,. 28 

Presidents of the College 6 

Presidential Scholarships 19 

Pre- Veterinary Curriculum 95 

Private Music Instruction 80 

Probation, Academic 32 

Procedures, Academic 28 

PROJECT 35 

Professional Curricula, Special Plans 

for 95 

Professors 107 

Professors, Assistant 110 

Professors, Associate 109 

Professors, Emeritus 107 

Psychology, Courses in 85 

Publications, Student 36 

Quality Points, System of 22 

Quittapahilla, The 36 

Readmission 33 

Recitals, Student 80 

Recognition Groups 36 

Recreation 39 

Refund Policy 17 

Registration 28 

Regulations, Administrative 31 

Religion and Life Lectureships 36 

Religion, Courses in 89 

Religious Emphasis Day 35 

Religious Life 35 

Repetition of Courses 29 

Requirements, Admission 13 

Requirements, Degrees 21 

Requirements, Distribution and 

General 24 

Residence Halls, Regulations 17 



Residence Requirement 22 

Rules, Institutional 38 

Sacred Music, Outline of Program 102 

Schedules, Arrangements of 30 

Scholarships 18 

Scholarship Funds 9 

Secondary Education, Courses in 54 

Secondary Education — Subject Matter 

Requirements 105 

Semester Hours 21 

Semester Hour Limitations 30 

Service Organizations 36 

Soccer 41 

Social Organizations 36 

Social Sciences, Major 91 

Sociology, Courses in 92 

Spanish, Courses in 61 

Special Interest Groups 37 

Special Plans of Study 95 

State Grants 19 

Statement of Purpose 7 

Student Activities 35 

Student Conduct Code 38 

Student Employment 19 

Student Finances 16 

Student Government 37 

Student Judicial Board 37 

Student Loans 19 

Student Publications 36 

Student Recitals 80 

Student Teaching 54, 77, 104, 105 

Summer Session 26 

Sunday Church Services 35 

Supplemental Educational 

Opportunity Grants 19 

Support and Control 8 

Suspension 32 

Symphonic Band 37, 78 

Symphony Orchestra 37, 78 

Teacher Placement Bureau 30 

Teaching, Certification 

Requirements 104 

Track 39 

Transcripts 32 

Transfer Credit 14 

Transfer Students 23 

Trustees, Board of 117 

Tu^o Majors 21 

University Center at Harrisburg 26 

Urban Semester 26 

Washington Semester Program 28 

Weekend College 26 

Withdrawal 33 

Withdrawal from Courses 22 

Withdrawal Refunds 17 

Wrestling 41 



128 






'^'^ATIO^ 



Ki^