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Bulletin • 19S0-S1 Catalog Issue 

Lebanon Valley College in Brief 

Lebanon Valley College is a co-ed, 
church related, liberal arts college, 
founded in 1866, located in the town of 
Annville, PA, near Hershey. 
Enrollment is 950 students with an 
equal distribution between men and 

The student faculty ratio is 10.5: 1. 
Degrees offered include Bachelor of 
Arts, Bachelor of Science, Bachelor of 
Science in Chemistry and Bachelor of 
Science in Medical Technology. 
Majors offered include accounting, ac- 
tuarial science, biochemistry, biology, 
business administration, chemistry, 
computer science, economics, elemen- 
tary education, English, foreign lan- 
guages, French, German, history, hu- 
manities, individualized major, 
mathematics, medical technology, 
music, music education, nuclear medi- 
cine technology, nursing, operations re- 
search, philosophy, physics, political 
science, psychology, religion, scared 
music, social sciences, social service, so- 
ciology, Spanish. 

Pre-professional specializations 
include dentistry, engineering, forestry, 
law, medicine, pharmacy, podiatry, min- 
istry, veterinary medicine, education 
(elementary and secondary), and social 
service (criminal justice, gerontology, 
family intervention, thanatology and 
social work). 

Lebanon Valley College reserves the right to change any provisions or requirements at any time within the student's term of 


Lebanon Valley College does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national and ethnic origin, sex, age, religion or 


The Bulletin is published quarterly. USPS Number 308-480. Second Class postage paid at Annville, PA 17003. Office of Public 

Relations, Lebanon Valley College, Annville, PA 17003. 

Volume 14, Number 3 Fall, 1980 

Facilities include an 80-acre campus 
with 33 buildings such as an Adminis- 
tration Building; a Chapel; a College 
Center; 9 dormitories of various size; a 
Guest House and Faculty Lounge; a 
Gymnasium; a Library; a Music Center; 
the President's Home; and numerous 
small buildings housing administrative 
and faculty offices. 

Athletic competition, both intra- 
mural and intercollegiate, is enjoyed by 
a large percentage of Lebanon Valley 
College students. Intercollegiate sports 
include baseball, basketball, cross- 
country, football, golf, lacrosse, soccer, 
tennis, track and wrestling for men; bas- 
ketball, field hockey and lacrosse for 

Campus organizations cater to the 
interests of a number of students. Cate- 
gories of student organizations include: 
departmental clubs; music groups; dra- 
matic troupes; publications; recognition 
groups; religious organizations, service 
and social fraternities and sororities; 
special interest groups and student gov- 
Communications: THE QUAD (Stu- 
dent newspaper); THE QUITTIE 
(Yearbook); WLVC (Radio station). 
Departmental Clubs: Chemistry 

(American Chemical Society Affili- 
ate); Education (Childhood Educa- 
tion Club); Mathematics (Industrial 
Mathematics Society Affiliate); Mod- 
ern Languages (Spanish Club); Music 
(Music Educators National Confer- 
ence — Student Chapter). 
Dramatics: Alpha Psi Omega; Wig 
and Buckle. 

Music Groups: Chapel Choir; College 
Chorus; Concert Choir; Guild Student 
Group; Symphonic Band; Symphony 
Orchestra; Wind Ensemble. 
Recognition groups: Phi Alpha Ep- 
silon; Beta Beta Beta; Pi Gamma Mu; 
Psi Chi. 

Religious organizations: Delta Tau 
Chi, Fellowship of Christian Athletes; 

Service groups: Alpha Phi Omega 
(national); Gamma Sigma Sigma (na- 

Social groups: Delta Lambda Sigma; 
Kappa Lambda Nu; Kappa Lambda 
Sigma; Knights of the Valley; Phi 
Lambda Sigma. 

Special interest groups: Art Club; 
Chess Club; Ice Hockey Club; Inter- 
national Relations Club; Jazz Band; 
Photography Club; Ski Club. 
Student government: Student 
Council; Student Judicial Board; 
Judicial Appeals Board. 









History of the College 

In 1866 the East Pennsylvania Conference of the Church of the United 
Brethren in Christ sought to establish an institution of higher learning 
within its boundaries. Site selection had been narrowed to two towns 
— Annville and Lebanon. The town making the best financial offer would 
become the future site of the college. Thus, five visionary citizens of Ann- 
ville purchased the red brick, Annville Academy on Main Street for the sum 
of $4,500 and presented it to the church conference "on the condition that 
they would establish and maintain forever an institution of learning of high 
grade." That institution became Lebanon Valley College and remains, today, 
more than 114 years later, true to its founding fathers' dream, "an institution 
of learning of high grade." 

Over the years, Lebanon Valley College has progressed from a simple 
one building complex on a few acres of land to an 80-acre campus with 33 
buildings ranging in age from 1900 to 1975, and assets totaling more than 
$20 million. College landmarks bear the names of presidents, benefactors, 
and influential faculty and staff— Bender, Bollinger, Blair, Faust, Pencil, 
Funkhouser, Green, Gossard, Hammond, Kreider, Keister, Lynch, Miller, 
Mund and Vickroy— men and women who believed in the dream of 1866, 
and who committed themselves to its fulfillment. 

But Lebanon Valley College history is more than a collection of build- 
ings and artifacts. Few colleges and universities are fortunate enough to 
have living historians on campus. At Lebanon Valley College, Dr. Samuel O. 
Grimm, professor emeritus of physics, is a living link with the past. "Soggy" 
(an affectionate nickname) came to Lebanon Valley College in 1909 as a 
student and returned to teach in 1912. His acquaintences, then, were the 
very people who knew the founding fathers. Professor Grimm still visits his 
laboratory daily, and he and his wife Maude take their daily walk down Main 
Street past the site where the Annville Academy once stood. Despite his age 
of 91 years. Dr. Grimm looks forward to the fulfillment of another piece of 
Lebanon Valley College history: 

Today, under the capable leadership of its thirteenth president. Dr. 
Frederick P. Sample, Lebanon Valley College embarks upon its most chal- 
lenging goal fulfillment in its entire history— the raising of $10 million to 
substantially increase the endowment fund of the college and to construct a 
$4.8 million new science center on the campus. As history repeats itself, 
Lebanon Valley College will realize this goal and others, while remaining 
"an institution of learning of high grade," committed to perpetuating the 
dream of 1866. 

Living IVC History —Dr. Samuel O. Grimm 



r 4 


Where Is Lebanon Valley College? 

At Lebanon Valley College you can have the best of both worlds as far as 

location is concerned. Although the college is located in a small town it is close 

to urban centers such as Lebanon, Hershey, Lancaster, Reading and Harrisburg. 

While the small town of Annville offers peace and quiet which in itself is an 

asset, it also offers the services of gas stations, a drugstore, food markets, several 

banks, churches, a hardware store and restaurants. On the other hand, the urban 

centers offer numerous social and cultural opportunities within the reach of 

many students. 

Lebanon Valley College is located in the southcentral "Pennsylvania Dutch" 

country of rolling farmlands, within an hours drive of the cities of Lancaster, 

Reading and Harrisburg. The college is just minutes away from the towns of 

Lebanon (famous for Lebanon bologna) and Hershey (famous for chocolate 

and its amusement park). 

access routes including the Penn- 
sylvania Turnpike (76) and Interstate 81 
with nearby connections to Interstates 80 
and 83. 




What Is Lebanon Valley College? 

Over the years, Lebanon Valley College has gained a fine reputation as a co-educa- 
tional, church related, liberal arts institution. 

Since our founding in 1866, Lebanon Valley College has been church related, and is 
today affiliated with the United Methodist Church. Throughout our more than 110 years 
of existence, we have constantly examined our reasons for being in the business of 
education. Today, as much as ever, we at Lebanon Valley College have chosen to maintain 
an educational institution which is academically strong, guided by the Christian faith 
and small enough to give personal attention to all students. 

Consequently, there are only 950 full-time students on our campus, and when you 
stack that up against our 75 full-time and 30 part-time teaching faculty, that does mean 
personal attention. In many cases it means contact on a first name basis. But personal 
attention isn't the only thing we're interested in at Lebanon Valley College. 

We are dedicated to providing you with a quality liberal arts education tempered with 
enough practical experience to help you enter the job market at graduation time. If you 
come to Lebanon Valley College you'll find that there's plenty of hard work involved in 
pursuing a college career, but that we try to offer a variety of social, cultural and personal 
experiences to make your four-year college experience a well-rounded one. 

"Who Is Lebanon Valley College? 

At Lebanon Valley College you will meet a number of interesting and thought provok- 
ing people, whether they are students, members of the administrative staff or faculty 

Our 950 students represent 15 states and 5 foreign countries. There is an equal 
distribution between men and women. Approximately 66% of our students come from 
Pennsylvania and 19% from New Jersey. 820 of the students live on campus while 130 
are commuters. 

Our professional administrative staff which numbers 34 keeps the college's business 
affairs running smoothly while offering such student services as career planning and 
placement, publicity and health care. 

Our professors represent a unique cross section of individuals. Of the associate and 

full professors 85% hold an earned doctorate degree. Our faculty members come from 

6 What Is L. V.C? such schools as the University of Pennsylvania, Columbia University, the Juilliard School 

of Music, Yale University and Boston University, to name just a few. Our faculty also 
represent more than 50 undergraduate institutions, while representing nearly 60 post- 
graduate institutions. This broad base of faculty education helps to insure that the 
college expresses a wide range of thoughts and ideas in all academic disciplines. 

In addition to having some of the nation's finest schools as background, our faculty 
are intensely interested in one thing— teaching. Because of our extremely low student to 
faculty ratio (10.5-1), we are able to claim an average class size of 18 students. While 
some lower level freshman and introductory courses are of the larger lecture type, nu- 
merous upper level courses are of the informal seminar type, often with class size of 10 
or fewer. And that allows for maximum teaching effectiveness. 

Since on the average a professor spends only 11 hours a week in the classroom, he has 
sufficient time to spend in class preparation, research and providing out-of-classroom 
help for those students who need help and seek it. 

Many of our professors work on field-related projects in their spare time and add yet 
another dimension to their classroom teaching— first hand experience. One of our soci- 
ology professors is the coordinator of a Women's Crisis Intervention Center in a local 
community. A professor in the English department has written two books, both pub- 
lished in the prestigious Twayne United States Author Series. A husband and wife team 
in biology bring additional outside research findings to their classes. She has discovered 
two previously unknown plants in the Michoacan mountain province in Southern Mex- 
ico. He continues original research in the field of carnivorous plants. And the list of 
faculty accomplishments goes on and on. 

Our students represent a diverse cross section of individuals. Our administrative staff 
members are dedicated to improving the operation of the college. And our faculty are 
primarily interested in teaching. At Lebanon Valley College, students, staff and faculty 
work together to create an atmosphere that fosters enlivened curiosity, self-discipline, 
and excitement about ideas. All are characteristic of an educated individual. 

Campus Life 

When you come to Lebanon Valley College the first thing that you may notice is that 
it is a very friendly place. Not only will many of your professors know you on a first name 
basis, you will also develop many first name relationships with other students. 

There is no imposed segregation between upper and underclassmen at the college. As 
a freshman you may live on the same floor as upperclassmen and you may notice a 
number of upperclassmen in some of the courses that you select. 

When you're not in class or studying, your free time is your own. Many students elect 
8 Campus Life to become involved in numerous campus organizations, choosing a variety of extra- 

curricular experiences. Other students are more selective and choose to devote consid- 
erable time to one or two campus organizations. And the campus organizations that you 
can choose from are very diverse. 

For students in the academic departments of biology, chemistry, elementary education 
and mathematics there are departmental clubs. There are several special interest groups 
including a chess club, an international relations club, a photography club, and a ski 
club. There is a service fraternity and sorority on campus as well as five social fraternities 
and sororities. 

Another area of intense student interest is in dramatics and musical productions. 
Each year the Wig and Buckle Society presents two performances— a dramatic perfor- 
mance and musical production. Alpha Psi Omega, the dramatics fraternity, has presented 
a series of one-act-plays for Parents Weekend for the past several years. Sinfonia and 
SAI, the men's and women's music fraternities, also present a musical each year. All of 
the Lebanon Valley College productions take place in the College Center Little Theater 
entirely under student supervision. If you have a flair for acting, producing or like to 
work behind the scene of a stage production, there is plenty of opportunity to do so. 
Recent productions have included The Glass Menagerie, Applause, Little Mary Sun- 
shine and The Comedy of Errors. 

If you're into music, there are nine musical organizations on campus, and you don't 
need to be a music major to be a member. These organizations include the unique All 
Girl Band, the Concert Choir and Chamber Orchestra that goes on tour each Spring, and 
the LVC Jazz Band. Other more traditional music groups include the Marching Band, 
the College Chorus and the Symphony Orchestra. 

Another important part of your student life at Lebanon Valley College could include 
religious activities. The college employs a full-time chaplain who coordinates several 
interfaith activities and who is available for counseling. Each week a chapel convocation 
program presents outstanding lecturers, both sacred and secular, who speak on a variety 
of thought provoking subjects. Guest artists and performers are also part of the chapel 
program series. Each year opening semester convocations have presented such well- 
known speakers 3iS National Review publisher William Rusher, political activist, Julian 
Bond, former CIA director, William Colby, and China expert, Ross Terrill. A Religious 
Emphasis Day, held each spring, presents such speakers as Dr. Martin Luther King, Sr., 
Ruth Carter Stapleton, and Colonel James Irwin. 

In addition to participating in on-campus religious activities, students are welcomed 
by community congregations. Our students represent more than 30 different religious 
denominations. Some students serve in such capacities as organists, choir directors, 
guest musicians, Sunday School teachers and supply ministers in local churches. 

Athletics could also be an important part of your life on the Lebanon Valley campus. 
We offer a wide range of programs in intramural and intercollegiate athletics. Lebanon 
Valley College is a member of Division III of the Middle Atlantic Conference in athletic 
competition. For men the college offers intercollegiate baseball, basketball, cross-coun- 
try, football, golf, lacrosse, soccer, tennis, track and wrestling. For women the college 
offers intercollegiate basketball, field hockey and lacrosse. Additional sports offered in 
10 Campus Life intramural athletics include weightlifting, volleyball, paddleball, squash, ping pong, 


I f nk 

Softball, swimming and billiards for men, and tennis, volleyball, paddleball, ping pong 
and Softball for women. 

Other student activities at Lebanon Valley College revolve around the College Center 
complex. The facility includes offices for the campus radio station (WLVC), the year- 
book, and the Spring Arts Festival. The center also includes the snack shop, a game 
room, the college bookstore, a music listening lounge, the dining halls, the little theater 
and a television lounge. 

The College Center has a spacious entrance lobby used for monthly art exhibits 
featuring the works of artists from central Pennsylvania. You may also appreciate the 
annual Spring Arts Festival held on the campus the last weekend of April. This event, 
conceived by a student more than ten years ago, has blossomed into one of the largest 
arts festivals of its kind in the area. Thousands visit the campus to enjoy outdoor art 
exhibits with arts and crafts for sale, a juried arts and crafts exhibition, numerous 
performing groups, as well as theme exhibits and performances during the four-day 
affair. The festival is directed by students and community volunteers. 

In student government, Lebanon Valley college has three organizations, all with 
student representation. The Student Council serves as a clearing house for recommen- 
dations coming from students, in addition to coordinating and financing student activi- 
ties such as concerts, symposiums and movie series. The Student Judicial Board is 
responsible for investigating alleged infractions of the student conduct code, for hearing 
cases, and for recommending appropriate discipline in the cases of conduct code viola- 
tions. The Judicial Appeals Board, in turn, hears appeals from students on decisions 
handed down by the Judicial Board or the Dean of Students. 

You may have some questions about dormitory life. All of our dormitories have been 
built since 1957. There are three large dormitories for men and three for women. There 
are also several small housing units available. The majority of our rooms are double 
which means that you will probably have a roommate. If you are a freshman you may 
specify a roommate from your hometown or other acquaintance. If you don't have a 
specific roommate in mind we'll try to match you with someone of your own lifestyle. 
Each year, upperclassmen are allowed to sign up for next year's room and roommate. 
Freshmen are not segregated from upperclassmen in housing arrangements. 

Each of the new dormitories has one or more study lounges, a television lounge, 
student mailboxes, food and drink concessions, and laundry facilities. None of the dorms 
are coeducational but there is an intervisitation policy for all students. 

Recognizing the laws of Pennsylvania and our founding's background, the college 
prohibits the possession and use of both alcohol and illegal drugs on the campus. 

The primary concern of the college regarding social life is to provide an atmosphere 
which stimulates scholarship and personal growth. We realize that recreation is an 
important part of college life, but after all, the primary reason that most people come to 
college is to receive an education. We attempt to provide you with the privacy and peace 
necessary for study, and to encourage you to take responsibility for your behavior so that 
12 CampusLife your fellow student's right to privacy, peace and property are not abused. 






Academic Life 

Since you are interested in a liberal arts college you probably already realize that you 
will need to take a number of courses of a general nature in addition to those courses 
that relate specifically to your major. These general requirements take up about one third 
of your coursework during your four years at LVC and are selected, by you, from a number 
of specified courses. These general requirements fall under the following headings: 
Writing Skills; Religion or Philosophy; Natural Science; Individual and Group Behavior; 
Language; Arts and Letters; and Physical Education. 

In addition to fulfilling the general requirements, you will also need to complete the 
required number of hours and courses for your major. These requirements vary from 
department to department, but you will supplement your major with courses of your own 
choice and consistent with your own interests. 

The flexibility of the Lebanon Valley College curriculum is especially helpful if you 
enroll without a particular vocational or educational goal in mind. During the freshman 
and sophomore years you can choose from courses offered by any department of the 
college while fulfilling general requirements. The two-year period is usually sufficient 
for a student to choose a major. 

If one of our 33 majors doesn't suit your needs, you can design your own major with 
the help of two advisers. Some students major in two fields. 

You'll also find that you will be eligible for one of four degrees offered by Lebanon 
Valley College. They include the Bachelor of Arts degree, the Bachelor of Science 
degree, the Bachelor of Science in Medical Technology degree, and the Bachelor of 
Science in Chemistry degree (American Chemical Society certified). Your major, with 
the exception of the individualized major, will determine the type of degree that you 
receive at graduation. The individualized major's degree is determined by the specific 
areas of concentration. 

At Lebanon Valley College you may take advantage of a number of special programs: 

Beginning in the sophomore year you may elect to take up to two courses per semester 
on a pass/fail basis, with a total of six courses permitted pass/fail in the last three years. 

The college honors program provides an opportunity for superior students to develop 
and challenge their intellectual abilities. For students interested in doing special study 
on their own, each major department offers the independent study program. 

In addition to attending traditional courses on the college campus, you may also 
participate, for credit, in off-campus educational opportunities, usually during the junior 
and senior years. These opportunities include the Germantown Metropolitan semester, 
the Merrill-Palmer Institute semester, the Junior Year Abroad, the. Marine Biology 
summer study program and the Washington semester program. You may also participate 
in internship programs which provide major-related work experience with various com- 
munity businesses and service organizations. 
14 Academic Life For graduation you will need to have completed a minimum of 120 total hours of 







N N Kii * 


credit (including general requirements, requirements for the major and elective courses) 
plus two courses in physical education. 

If you are transferring to Lebanon Valley College you will need to complete a minimum 
of 30 hours of work on the Lebanon Valley campus in order to qualify for graduation. 
Each transfer student s credits are considered on an individual basis. 

Students holding an associate degree from a regionally accredited two-year college 
will be admitted with full acceptance of course work, providing the work is compatible 
with the liberal arts curriculum at Lebanon Valley College. 

Although there are a number of requirements for all students, the thing to remember 
is that they are of a general nature. When it comes to making a choice of courses within 
a particular area, the decision is yours. The requirements within your major are also 
designed to give you a basic background of information within a specific field, augmented 
by elective courses of interest to you and consistent with your future vocational goals. 

M'e Offer You Help 

Regarding the many decisions that you will make, don't think that once you get to 
college we'll abandon you. Lebanon Valley College's dual advising system is designed to 
give a new student a good start in college life. You will be assigned an academic adviser 
who will help you select a course of study suited to your specific needs. A second adviser, 
assigned to you during your first year at the college, will try to help you with any 
adjustment problem that you might encounter— or he or she may just turn out to be a 
friend that you like to visit when you have a few minutes. 

Even after you have started classes, our concern for you doesn't stop. If you need help 
you can get it. Our faculty, who are primarily teaching oriented, spend considerable time 
with students. This is one of the advantages of our low student to faculty ratio. During 
class, professors spend sufficient time in answering questions as well as presenting new 
material. After class you don't have to contend with graduate students for a professor's 
time, nor do you have to seek a teaching assistant for help. Our professors' schedules are 
flexible enough that if you need extra help you can get it. 

Some departments offer tutorial help, and the college recently irhplemented a reading 
and study skills program. Students may enlist the services of a Student Writing Center 
which offers individualized instruction in writing to any Lebanon Valley College student. 
This informal, unpressured and personal learning environment allows tutor and student 
to work together to improve a student's writing skills. 

Throughout your four years at Lebanon Valley College you will be asked to make a 
number of decisions regarding your education. For many students the decisions will be 
clear and simple. For others, decisions are best made with an adviser's guidance. We are 
mainly concerned, however, that you are an active participant in choosing and creating a 
program of study that suits your individual needs. 

It is possible at Lebanon Valley College. We Offer You Help 17 


Academic Calendar 19 

General Information 20 

Admissions 25 

Costs and Financial Aid 28 

Academic Programs and Procedures .... 37 

Courses of Study 49 

Directories 101 

Correspondence Directory 108 

Campus Map 109 

Index 110 

Application Form Ill 

Academic Calendar 19S0-81 

Aug. 30 Saturday. 12:00 noon Residence halls open fornew students 

Aug. 30-Sep. 1 Saturday tlirough Monday Orientation for new students 

1 Monday, 8:30 a.m Registration by new students 

1 Monday. 1:00 p.m Registration by upperclassmen 

2 Tuesday. 8:00 a.m Classes begin 

2 Tuesday, 11:00 a.m Opening College Convocation 

6 Saturday Board of Trustees Retreat 

23 Tuesday, 11:00 a.m Religion and Life - Balmer Showers Lecture 

Oct. 4 Saturday Homecoming Day 

10 Friday, 5:00 p.m Long Weekend begins 

14 Tuesday, 8:00 a. rn Classes resume 

20 Monday Mid-Semester grades due 

25 Saturday Church Day 

28 Tuesday, 11:00 a.m Balmer Showers Lecture 

Nov. 8 Saturday Board of Trustees meeting 

11-18 Tuesday through Tuesday Pre-Registration for second semester 

26 Wednesday, 1:00 p.m Thanksgiving vacation begins 

Dec. 1 Monday, 8:00 a.m Classes resume 

11 Thursday. 5:00 p.m First semester classes end 

12-14 Friday through Sunday Reading period 

15-19 Monday through Friday First semester examinations 

19 Friday, 5:00 p.m First semester ends 

Jan. 11 Sunday. 12:00 noon Residence halls open 

12 Monday, 8:00 a.m Registration 

13 Tuesday, 8:00 a.m Classes begin 

Feb. 10 Tuesday, 11:00 a.m Religion and Life-Balmer Showers Lecture 

16-19 Monday through Thursday Religious Emphasis Week 

24 Tuesday, 1 1:00 a.m Founders' Day 

?7_ Friday. 5:00 p.m Spring Vacation begins 

Mar. 4-13 Wednesday through Friday Concert Choir tour 

9 Monday, 8:00 a.m Classes resume 

24 Tuesday Phi Alpha Epsilon Day 

24-31 Tuesday through Tuesday Pre-Registration by current students for first 

semester, 1981-1982, and 1981 summer session 

29 Sunday, 3:00 p.m Spring Music Festival, Wind Ensemble 

Apr. 5 Sunday, 3:00 p.m Spring Music Festival, Symphonic Band 

11 Saturday Orientation 1 for incoming students 

12 Sunday, 3:00 p.m Spring Music Festival, College Chorus 

and Symphony Orchestra 

16 Thursday, 5:00 p.m Easter vacation begins 

21 Tuesday, 8:00 a.m Classes resume 

24-26 Friday through Sunday Eleventh Annual Spring Arts Festival 

28 Tuesday, 1 1:00 a.m Awards and Recognition Convocation 

May 1 Friday, 5:00 p.m Second semester classes end 

2-4 Saturday through Monday Reading Period 

2 Saturday Alumni Day 

5-9 Tuesday through Saturday Second semester e.xaminations 

9 Saturday, 5:00 p.m Second semester ends 

15 Friday Board of Trustees meeting 

16 Saturday Orientation II for incoming students 

17 Sunday, 9:00 a.m Baccalaureate Service 

17 Sunday, 11:00 a.m 112th Annual Commencement 

1980 summer session: June 15 - August 7 





Calendar 19 

General Information 

statement of 

20 State, of Purpose 

Lebanon Valley College affirms its Christian origins by maintaining affiliation 
with the United Methodist Church and by recognizing the Christian faith as the 
perspective for its policies. Both the Christian spirit, which encourages the unham- 
pered search for truth, and the academic program, which gives form to the search 
for truth, combine to generate free and responsible inquiry by students and faculty. 

In accordance with the purposes of its founders, Lebanon Valley College seeks 
to provide an atmosphere in which the student can respond creatively to the con- 
temporary world. Each person is encouraged ( 1 ) to develop a genuine concern for 
cooperative living and community service; (2) to attain a heightened sense of moral 
and spiritual values through a deepened awareness of how people have thought of 
themselves in relation to nature, to society, and to God; (3) to appreciate the close 
and unmistakable relationship among rational thought, creative imagination, and 
moral commitment; and (4) to deal candidly and intelligently with the past, the 
present, and the future and their inter relationship. 

The programs of the College are designed to provide a demanding as well as a 
rewarding encounter with the means necessary to achieve the discovery of self and 
society: consideration of humanity's most significant ideas and accomplishments; 
development of logical thought and clear communication; practice in precise anal- 
ysis and effective performance. The academic, social, religious, and aesthetic ex- 
periences blend to create the atmosphere of the College in a way that fosters 
enlivened curiosity, discipline of self, and excitement about ideas that are the 
hallmark of the educated individual. 

Lebanon Valley College, with approximately one thousand students and a low 
student-faculty ratio, in giving life to the concept of liberal arts as expressed in the 
preceding paragraphs has chosen to maintain an educational instituion which is 
academically strong, guided by the Christian faith, and small enough to give per- 
sonal attention to all students. 

Adopted February 1 , 1975 
Lebanon Valley College Board of Trustees 

Lebanon Valley College is on the approved list of the Regents of the State Univer- 
sity of New York and the American Association of University Women. 

Scholarship Service; Eastern College Athletic Confer- 

Lebanon Valley College is accredited by the following 
bodies: Middle States Association of Colleges and 
Secondary Schools: Department of Education of Penn- 
sylvania; National Association of Schools of Music; 
American Chemical Society 

Lebanon Valley College is a member of the following 
bodies: College Entrance Examination Board; Central 
Pennsylvania Field Hockey Association; College 

ence; Middle Atlantic States Collegiate Athletic Con- 
ference; National Association of Independent Col- 
leges and Universities; National Collegiate Athletic 
Association; Penn-Mar Athletic Conference; Pennsyl- 
vania Association of Colleges and Universities; Penn- 
sylvania Foundation for Independent Colleges. 


Lebanon Valley College is affiliated with the United Methodist Church. Control of 
the college is vested in a Board of Trustees composed of 49 elected members, 24 of 
whom represent church conferences; 5 of whom represent the alumni of the institution; 5 
of whom represent the faculty; and 15 of whom, including three students, are elected at 




Lebanon Valley College maintains a full program of intramural and intercollegiate 
athletic activities. Intramural leagues and tournaments are conducted in the various 
sports for men and women. 

The college participates in ten intercollegiate sports for men (baseball, basketball, 
cross-country, football, golf, lacrosse, soccer, track, wrestling and tennis) and three for 
women (basketball, hockey and lacrosse). 

Lebanon Valley College supports its intercollegiate athletics program because it 
offers its students an opportunity to participate in activities that afford an outlet for 
competitive spirit and vitality, while further providing each student with an opportunity 
to develop, understand and appreciate the values of teamwork, pride, morale, dedication, 
physical fitness and school spirit. 




Athletia&Rec. 21 


Lebanon Valley College offers cultural programs in the form of the Great Artists 
Series, concerts by students, faculty members, and musical organizations in the Depart- 
ment of Music, lectures sponsored by the various departments of the college and the 
Spring Arts Festival. In addition, the neighboring communities of Harrisburg, Hershey 
and Lebanon offer concerts, lectures, and other cultural activities throughout the year. 


Lebanon Valley College was founded as a Christian college and continues to be 
dedicated to its faith. All students are invited and urged to participate in some phase of 
religious activity. 

A series of twenty-four programs is held each semester from which each student 
selects a minimum of twelve to fulfill attendance requirements. These programs include 
chapel services and convocation programs that are held on Tuesday mornings, as well as 
cultural events selected by the Chapel-Convocation Committee. This committee, with 
equal representation from administration, faculty, and students, will announce the total 
chapel-convocation program at the beginning of each semester. 

Throughout the year several organizations (PROJECT, Delta Tau Chi and Fellow- 
ship of Christian Athletes) contribute to the overall religious atmosphere at the college 
by sponsoring retreats, lectures, seasonal communion services and daily devotions. 

Each year the college also sponsors several religious lectureships including the 
Balmer Showers Lectureship, Religion and Life lectures and Religious Emphasis Week. 

Students are also encouraged to participate in local congregations of their own 
faith, or at the College Church, Annville United Methodist Church. 

Social Life 

22 Cult. Opport. 

The primary concern of the college in regard to the social life of its students is to 
provide an atmosphere which stimulates scholarship and personal growth. It attempts to 
provide the privacy and peace necessary for study, and to encourage the individual to 
take as much responsibility as possible for his/her own behavior, so that the rights of 
others to privacy, peace and property are not infringed. 

As guidelines for the behavior deemed conducive to scholarship and developing 
sensitivity to the restraints of community living, the college recognizes the position 
taken by the United Methodist Church, to which it is affiliated, and by the Common- 
wealth of Pennsylvania. The Discipline of that church firmly opposes the misuse of drugs 
and affirms its long-standing recommendation of abstention from alcoholic beverages 
because of the spiritual, physical, and social harm such practices may produce. The 
college endorses this position and strongly discourages the use of drugs and alcoholic 
beverages by its students. The laws of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania prohibit the 
possession and use of all illegal drugs and the possession and use of alcoholic beverages 
by minors (presently defined as those prior to their twenty-first birthday). The college 
fully supports the laws of the state, and acknowledges the rights of enforcement of these 
laws by civil authority. 

Most of the success of any community in establishing a harmonious and productive 
atmosphere rests on the voluntary cooperation of its members. In the event, however, of 
failure of individuals to respect the rights and privileges of others and of the institution, 
the offenders against the community will be subject to penalties designated by the 
appropriate student government agencies and/or administrative office. 

The complete Student Conduct Code appears in the L-Book. Several provisions of 
that code that require emphasis are given here in order to prevent misunderstanding on 
the part of all prospective students. A violation of the Student Conduct Code occurs 
when a student: 

1. Limits or restricts ttie freedom of any member 
of the campus community to move about in a lawful 

2. Creates or participates in a disturbance that 
infringes upon the individual's right to privacy. 

3. Enters or uses facilities or property of the col- 
lege or another person without authorization from the 
appropriate college official or person. 

4. Misuses, removes, damages tire or safety 

5. Uses or possesses firearms, explosives (includ- 
ing firecrackers) or other dangerous articles 
or substances potentially injurious to persons or 

6. Possesses and/or consumes alcoholic bever- 

ages on any property owned by Lebanon \'alley 

7. Possesses, distributes, sells, or is under the 
influence of narcotics, hallucinogenics. dangerous 
drugs, or controlled substances except as permitted 
by law. 

8. Intentionally obstructs the administrative or 
academic operation and functions of the college. 

9. \'isits in an individual's dormitory room at 
times and under conditions that are prohibited by in- 
stitutional policy^St'L' L-Buok) 

10. Keeps pets in college buildings or on college 
grounds unless prior approval by the dean of students 
has been given. 




Within the program and operation of Lebanon Valley College, there is a wide 
commitment to the principle of shared governance. In this commitment, various areas of 
student life come under the jurisdiction of student government in varying degrees as that 
part of the total campus governance system has been developed over a period of time. 

The representative organizations described below are privileged to conduct the 
affairs of the student body of Lebanon Valley College under their separate responsibili- 
ties in such manner as to guide and promote the affairs of the students and as to refrain 
from acting contrary to local, state, and federal laws and to the Student Conduct Code as 
defined in theL-Book. 

Student Council 

The Student Council seeks to foster understand- 
ing and cooperation among the students, faculty, and 
administration of Lebanon Valley College. It is the 
responsibility of the Student Council to serve as the 
central clearing house for all recommendations and 
grievances emanating from the student body and to 
make recommendations for altering or establishing 
policy to the appropriate administrative office or fac- 
ulty committees. The Student Council also coordi- 
nates student activities and provides for the financing 
of those activities. It is composed of eighteen 

Student Judicial Board 

The Student Judicial Board is responsible for the 
investigating and/or adjudicating alleged infractions 
of the Student Conduct Code. It is composed of eight 
elected students, eight selected students, and non- 
student members appointed by the president of the 

Judicial Appeals Board 

The Judicial Appeals Board hears appeals from 
students on decisions rendered by the Student Judicial 
Board and/or sanctions imposed by the dean of stu- 
dents. It is composed of four students, three faculty 
members, and three administrators. 


student Gov. 23 




V > 



••.V f' 





if» 4,' 



"<• V 




All candidates for admission are expected to complete 16 units of entrance credit 
and graduate from an accredited secondary school. Of the nongraduate, we require 
submission of the equivalency certificate (G.E.D.) acquired through examination. Ten of 
the 16 required units should be distributed as follows: English (4); foreign language (2); 
mathematics (2); science (1); social studies (1). 

High School 

Because evaluation of individual interests, merit and need is a vital part of our 
admissions procedure, all candidates for admission are required to visit the campus for a 
personal interview and campus tour. 

The admissions office is open Monday through Friday, 8:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. and on 
Saturday mornings, 9:00 a.m. to 12 noon during the academic year. Summer hours are 
Monday through Friday, 8:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. 






Early in your senior year of high school, submit a 
completed application form (See pp. 1 1 1-112, and 
use prepaid envelope at back of catalog) and the 
$15.00 fee. 

Ask your high school guidance counselor to sub- 
mit your high school record. 
If you have completed post-graduate work at an- 
other college or university, ask the registrar to 
send us official transcripts of that work. 
Have the results of your Scholastic Aptitude Tests 
(or American College Tests) sent to us. The Col- 

lege Board of Achievement Tests are not required. 
However, the achievement tests in foreign lan- 
guage are recommended for students wishing ad- 
vanced placement. See your high school guidance 
counselor for information on dates and testing lo- 
(5) If you plan to apply to the music, sacred music or 
music education programs, you arc required to au- 
dition on campus. Audition forms are available 
from the admissions office. 


An Early Decision applicant will be expected to complete an application stating 
his/her intention to seek consideration as an Early Decision candidate. The application 
must be accompanied by a $15.00 non-refundable application fee no later i\\a.nNovember 
15. An Early Decision applicant will be notified of the Admissions Committee decision 
hy December 1. A student accepted as an Early Decision Candidate must confirm his/her 
acceptance by submitting a $100 non-refundable deposit no later i\\d.x\ January 1. An 
applicant not accepted under the Early Decision Program will be considered for admis- 
sion under the regular admission program. 






A student wishing to be considered under the regular admissions program should 
file an application after September 1 of his/her senior year. The application must be 
accompanied by a $15 non-refundable application fee. Applicants will be notified of 
Admissions Committee decisions d^liiix December 75 on a continuous basis. A student 
accepted under the regular admissions program must confirm his/her acceptance by 
submitting the $100 non-refundable deposit no later thani'Vfay 1. 

Please Direct All Admissions-Related Inquiries To: 

Mr. Gregory G. Stanson 
Dean of Admissions 
Lebanon Valley College 
Annville, PA 17003 

Advanced placement in appropriate courses and credit will be granted to entering 
students who make scores of 4 or 5 on College Board Advanced Placement examinations. 
For scores of 3, final determination is made by the appropriate department. 

Advanced Placement without credit may be granted on the basis of the Achieve- 
ment Tests of the College Board examinations or such other proficiency tests as may be 
determined by the registrar and by the chairman of the department. 


Credit is granted for acceptable achievement on such Subject Examinations of the 
College Level Examination Program (CLEP) as are approved by appropriate depart- 
ments and the Curriculum Committee. Students shall have achieved a scaled score of 50 
or better on the objective section and earned a grade of C or better, as determined by the 
appropriate department, on the essay section of the examination. 

Six (6) semester hours credit each is granted for achievement of a composite score 
in the 50th percentile or above in General Examinations in English Composition, Hu- 
manities, Mathematics, Natural Sciences and History. Three (3) hours credit will be 
applied to the appropriate General Requirement areas. For the English Composition 
Examination, the student is given credit for English 111. For the Mathematics Exami- 

nation, the student is given credit for Mathematics 100. Request for credit must be 
submitted to the director of auxiliary schools for Weekend College students, and to the 
registrar for other students prior to the student's completion of 30 semester hours credit. 
Examinations may be taken prior to admissions or after a student has matriculated 
at the College. Credit is given only to students who ha\'e matriculated at the College. 
Applicants for admission interested in receiving credit should consult with the Office of 
Admissions; current students should consult with the registrar. Applicants interested in 
the CLEP Program should write to the Program Director, College Level Examination 
Program, PO. Box 1821, Princeton, N.J. 08540, for a CLEP Bulletin of Information for 
Candidates, which provides information on examinations and the dates and locations of 
test administrations. 

A student applying for advanced standing after having attended another accredited 
instituion shall send an official transcript to the dean of admissions. If requested, he 
must provide copies of the appropriate catalogs for the years of attendance at the other 
institution or institutions. 

Credits are accepted for transfer provided that the grades received are C-(1.7) or 
better and the work is equivalent or similar to work offered at Lebanon Valley College. 
Grades thus transferred count for hours only, not for quality points. 

A candidate for admission holding an associate degree from a regionally accredited 
college can be admitted with full acceptance of course work at the previous institution. 
Course work in the ynajor field, however, for which the applicant has received a D will 
not be counted toward fulfilling the major requirement. 

Because Lebanon Valley College is a liberal arts institution, consideration of full 
acceptance of the associate degree will be granted with the understanding that the 
candidate has followed a basic course of study compatible with the curriculum and 
academic programs of the college and has been enrolled in a transfer program. 

In most instances the applicant may be expected to complete the baccalaureate 
degree within two years. However, when the requirements of a particular major field or 
the nature of the previous study demand additional work beyond two years, the applicant 
will normally be notified at the time of admission. 


Two spring orientation days, one in April and another in May, are held annually for 
incoming students. At this time the activities include a general orientation to the 
college, counseling with academic advisers and pre-registration for courses. Special 
sessions for parents are a vital part of the program. 

An orientation period of several days at the beginning of the college year is provided 
to help new students, both freshmen and transfers, to become familiar with their aca- 
demic surroundings. This time is devoted to lectures, social activities, and informal 
meetings with upperclassmen and faculty members. 


for ]\ew 

Orientation 27 

Costs and Financial Aid 


Lebanon Valley College receives support authorized by the General Conference of 
the United Methodist Church, individual congregations of the denomination in the 
Eastern Pennsylvania Conference and the Central Pennsylvania Conference, endow- 
ments, and the Pennsylvania Foundation for Independent Colleges. Also, since at Leba- 
non Valley College as at most other institutions of higher learning the tuition and other 
annual charges paid by the student do not cover the total cost of his education, additional 
income is derived through the Lebanon Valley College Fund. The Fund is supported by 
industry, alumni, the Board of Trustees, parents of students, and other friends of the 

Total assets of Lebanon Valley College are approximately $20,000,000 including 
endowment funds of about $3,600,000. Aside from general endowment income available 
for unrestricted purposes, there are a number of special funds designated for specific uses 
such as professorships, scholarships, and the library. 


28 Fin. Support 


For educational and general purposes 

Professorship Funds 

Chair of English Bible and Greek Testament • Joseph 
Bittinger Eberly Professorship of Latin Language & 
Literature • John Evans Lehman Chair of Mathematics 
• Rev. J. B. Weidler Endowment Fund • The Ford Foun- 
dation • Butterwick Chair of Philosophy • Karl Milton 
Karnegie Fund • The Batdorf Fund • E. \. Funkhouser 
Fund • Mr. and Mrs. C. H. Horn Fund • Mary I. Shum- 
berger Fund • Wbodrow \\. VValtermyer Professorship 

Lectureship Funds 

Bishop J. Balmer Showers Lectureship Fund • Staley 
Distinguished Christian Scholar Lectureship Fund 

Library Funds 

Library Fund of Class of 1916 • Class of 1956 Library 
Endowment Fund • Dr. Lewis J. and Leah Miller Leiby 
Library Fund • Robert B. Wingate Library Fund 

Maintenance Funds 

Hiram E. Steinmetz Memorial Room Fund • Williams 
Foundation Endowment Fund 

Equipment Funds 

Dr. Warren H. Fake and Mabel A. Fake Science Memo- 
rial Fund 

Publicity Funds 

Harnish-Houser Publicitv Funds 

Restricted— Other 

L'nger Academic Assistance Fund • C. B. Montgomery 
Memorial Room Fund • A.I.M. Fund 

Non-Educational Purposes 

Scholarship Funds 

Ministerial Scholarship Trusts- 

■United Methodist 

Western Conference 

2. Central Pennsylvania Conference 

3. Eastern Pennsylvania Conference 

4. General Conference 

5. Baltimore Conference 

Alumni Scholarship Fund • Dorothy Jean Bachman 
Scholarship Fund • Lillian Merle Bachman Scholarship 
Fund • E. M. Baum Scholarship Fund • Arthur S. and 
Emma E. E5eckley Memorial Scholarship Fund • An- 
drew and Ruth E. Bender Scholarship Fund • Cloyd and 
Mary Bender Scholarship Fund • Biological Scholar- 
ship Fund • Eliza Bittinger Scholarship Fund • Mary A. 
Bixler Scholarship Fund • i. T. Buffington Scholarship 
Fund • Alice Evers Burtner Memorial Award Fund • 
Oliver P. Butterwick School Fund • Mr. and Mrs. D. 
Clark Carmean Scholarship Fund • Isaiah H. Daugherty 
and Benjamin P. Raab Memorial Scholarship Fund • 
Senator James J. Davis Scholarship Fund • Derickson 
Scholarship Fund • William E. Duff Scholarship Fund 

• Samuel F. and Agnes F. Engle Scholarship Fund • M. 
C. Favinger and Wife Scholarship Fund • Fred E. Foos 
Scholarship Fund • Thomas G. Fox Memorial Scholar- 
ship Fund • James K. Fry Memorial Scholarship Fund 

• C. C. Gingrich Scholarship Fund • Gossard, Plitt and 

Monteith Scholarship Fund • Margaret Verda Graybill 
Memorial Scholarship Fund • Peter Graybill Scholar- 
ship Fund • Jacob F. Greasley Scholarship Fund • Hilda 
Hafer Scholarship Fund • Alice M. Heagy Scholarship 
Fund • J. M. Heagy and Wife Scholarship Fund • Bertha 
Foos Heinz Scholarship Fund • Harvey E. Herr Memo- 
rial Scholarship Fund • Edwin M. Hershey Scholarship 
Fund • Merle M. Hoover Scholarship Fund • Katherine 
S. Howard Scholarship Fund • Judge S. C. Huber Schol- 
arship Fund • Cora Appleton Huber Scholarship Fund 

• H. S. Immel Scholarship Fund • Henry G. and Anna S. 
Kauffman and Family Scholarship Fund • John A. H. 
Keith Fund • Barbara June Kettering Scholarship Fund 

• Dorothea Killinger Scholarship Fund • Rev. and Mrs. 
J. E. and Rev. A. H. Kleffman Scholarship Fund • A. S. 
Kreider Ministerial Scholarship Fund • D. Albert and 
Anna Forney Kreider Scholarship Fund • W. E. Kreider 
Scholarship Fund • Maud P. Laughlin Scholarship Fund 

• Lebanon Steel Foundry Foundation Scholarship Fund 

• David E. and Abram M. Long Memorial Ministerial 
Scholarship Fund • The Lorenz Benevolent Fund • Mrs. 
Edwin M. Loux Scholarship Fund • F. C. McKay Medi- 
cal Scholarship Fund • Elizabeth Meyer Endowment 
Fund • Elizabeth May Meyer Musical Scholarship Fund 

• Elizabeth H. Millard Memorial Scholarship Fund • 
Margaret S. Millard Scholarship Fund • Harry E. Miller 
Scholarship Fund • Bishop J. S. Mills Scholarship Fund 

• Germaine Benedictus Monteux Memorial Scholar- 
ship Fund • Deborah A. Moore Memorial Scholarship 
Fund • Elizabeth A. Mower Beneficiary Fund • Laura 
Muth Scholarship Fund • Gene P. Neidig Memorial 
Scholarship Fund • Philadelphia Lebanon Valley Col- 
lege Alumni Scholarship Fund • Rev. H. C. Phillips 
Scholarship Fund • Pickwell Memorial Music Award • 
Quincy Evangelical United Brethren Orphanage and 
Home Scholarship Fund • Ezra G. Ranck and Wife 
Scholarship Fund • J. Allan Ranck Memorial Scholar- 

ship Fund • Levi S. Reist Scholarship Fund • Dr. G. A. 
Richie Scholarship Fund • Emmett C. Roop Scholar- 
ship Fund • Reynaldo Rovers Memorial Scholarship 
Fund • Mary Sachs Foundation Scholarship Fund • 
Harvey L. Seltzer Scholarship Fund • Paul Shannon 
Scholarship Fund • Special Fund • Mary Ann Ocker 
Spital Scholarship Fund • Rev. and Mrs. Cawley H. 
Stine Scholarship Fund • Dr. Alfred D. Strickler and 
Louise Kreider Strickler Pre-Medical Scholarship Fund 

• Robert L. Unger Scholarship Fund • Henry J. Wilder 
Scholarship Fund • J. C. Winter Scholarship Fund • 

Student Loan Funds 

Mary A. Dodge Loan Fund • Daniel Eberly Scholarship 
Fund • Glant-Gibson-Glunt Educational Loan Fund • 
Esther and Frank Ligan Fund • International Student 
Loan Fund • 

Prize Funds 

Bradford C. Alban Memorial Award Fund • Class of 
l964QuittiL' Award Fund • The L. G. Bailey Award Fund 

• Henry H. Baish Award • Andrew Bender Memorial 
Chemistry Fund • Governor James H. Duff Award • Flor- 
ence Wolf Knauss Memorial Music Award •La\'ic Col- 
legienne Award Fund • Max F. Lehman Fund • People's 
National Bank Achievement Award in Economics • The 
Rosenberry Award • Francis H. Wilson Biology Award 

Annuity Funds 

Ruth E. Bender • Ruth Detwiler Rettew • Paul F Fulk 
and Margaret M. Fulk • Rev. A. H. Kleffman and Erma 
L. Kleffman • E. Roy Line Annuity • Mary Lutz Mairs • 
Esta Wareheim 

Unitrust Agreements 

Richard L. and Ruth W. Davis Fund • Parke H. and Cecil 
B. Lutz Fund • Dr. Elizabeth K. Weisburger Trust Fund 


Endow. Funds 29 


Student charges are based upon the principal of prepayment (i.e., to keep student 
charges at a minimum and yet at a level consistent with maintaining adequate facilities 
and high quality instruction, payment is a prerequisite for registration). The student 
does not pay the full cost of his education, for a portion of the cost of his education is 
derived from endowment earnings, gifts, and grants. 

Fees- 1980-81 

1980—81 Fee Structure for Full-Time 

Private Music Instruction ('-_■ hr. 




week, beyond 1st half hr.) 

Comprehensive Fee 

Per. Yr. 

Science Laboratory Fees (Part Time 



Fee includes the following: 


Student/Anv Auxiliary School 


Tuition $4,080 


Fees 125 . 

Registration Fees (Day School) 
Change of Registration 

Total Charges for Commuting Student 



Room (other than single occupancy) 


Late Pre-Registration 


Single in a single occupancy 125% of 

Late Registration 


abo\'e room rate 

Part Time Student Registration 


Single in a double occupancy 

Application Fee 


150"o of above room rate 

Dining Hall 


Auxiliary Schools (Evening. Summer. 

Total Charges for a Resident Student 



Private music Instruction ('j hour per 

Tuition (per sem. hr. cr.) 



Beyond the First Half Hour (per se- 

Registration Fee 



(Degree Students Taking Week 



College Courses Do Not Pay) 

Transcript in Excess of One 


Change of Registration 


Each student, former student, or 

Late Registration 


graduate is entitled to one transcript 

Application Fee 


of his college record without charge. 

Late Payment Fees (Day School) 


For each copy after the first, a fee of 

If not paid by stipulated deadlines of 

two dollars is charged. 

August 10 and January 2 

Student Charges for 1980 - 1981 

If not paid by registration and allowed 

Part Time (less than 12 hrs. per sem.) 


to register— additional $15 above 


Student Charge (per sem. cr. hr.) 

first $35 stated above 

Fees and 

30 Student Fin. 

A non-refundable application fee is charged each applicant and upon acceptance a 
non-refundable admission deposit of $100 is required of all new (including transfer) 
students. The admission deposit upon registration is applied to the student s account. 

Failure to register in any prescribed pre-registration or registration period, late 
registration, change in registration— each involves a $10 charge to the student. 

The semester credit hour charge for part-time students (less than 12 credit hours 
per semester) is $110.00 and the registration fee for a part-time student is $10.00. 

A health's service fee is collected in the first semester of the student's enrollment 
and a pro-rata charge applies to the student who first enrolls in the second semester. 

The contingency deposit in the amount of $50.00 must be made before registration 
and is required of all full-time students and will be refunded upon graduation or with- 
drawal from college provided no damage has been caused by the student. All student 
breakage that occurs in college-operated facilities will be charged against this deposit 
and the amount must be repaid to the college within 30 days of notice to the student. 

Semester charges are due and payable in full on August 10 (first semester) and 
January 2 (second semester) as a condition for registration. Those preferring to pay 
semester charges in monthly installments are invited to consult with the office of the 
Controller regarding deferred payment plans offered by various financial institutions. 
Arrangements for deferred payment plans shall be completed early enough to assure 
payment of bills no later than the date that semester charges are due and payable (Aug. 
10 and Jan. 2). 

A satisfactory settlement of all college accounts is required before grades are 
released, transcripts are sent, honorable dismissal granted, or degree conferred. 

Payment of 
Fees and 

Refunds, as indicated below, are allowed only to students who officially withdraw 
from the college by completing the clearance procedure: 

Period after registration °b refunded of tuition 

Within 2 weeks 75% 

Within 3rd week 50% 

Within 4th week 25% 

After 4 weeks 0% 

The above refund schedule also applies to part-time students, and to full-time 
students who withdraw from a course or courses so as to reduce the remaining course 
load to less than 12 semester credit hours. 

A prorated refund on board charges is allowed for the period beginning after hon- 
orable official withdrawal. No refund is allowed on room charges. 

No refund is allowed on room deposit except when withdrawal results from suspen- 
sion or dismissal by college action or when withdrawal results from entrance into active 
military service. 

Refunds for students who withdraw due to health reasons during the first half of 
either semester will be determined by the Office of the Dean of Student Affairs. 


Residence hall rooms are reserved only for those continuing students who make an 
advance room reservation deposit of $50.00 (Receipt must be presented at the time of 
room sign-up which occurs during April.) 

Occupants must pay for any breakage or loss of furniture or any other damage for 
which they are responsible. Damage not assignable to an individual occupant may be 
prorated to accounts of occupants within the responsible area (wing, hall, floor, dorm, 

Each room in the men's residence halls is furnished with chests of drawers, book 
case, beds, mattresses, chairs, and study tables. Drapes are provided in Funkhouser, 
Hammond, and Keister Halls. Students must provide bedding, rugs, lamps, and all other 


Residence Halls 31 

« lU 


Each room in the women's residence halls is furnished with beds, mattresses, chairs, 
dressers, book case, and study tables. Drapes are provided in Mary Green and Vickroy 
Halls. Other desired furnishings must be supplied by the student. 

Students rooming in residence halls may not sublet their rooms to commuting 
students or to others. 

Since Lebanon Valley College is primarily a boarding institution, all students are 
required to live in college-owned or controlled residence halls. Exceptions to the above 
are: married students, students living with immediate relatives, or those living in their 
own homes who commute daily to the campus. 

Should vacancies occur in any of the residence halls, the college reserves the right 
to require students rooming in the community to move into a residence hall. 

The college reserves the right to close all residence halls during vacations and 
between semesters. 

The college reserves the right to inspect any student's room at any time. Periodic 
inspection of residence halls will be made by members of the administration. 

The college is not responsible for loss of personal possessions by the students. It is 
recommended that each student consider the need to provide private insurance coverage. 

32 Meals 

f^i^OtS ^'^ resident students are required to take their meals in the college dining rooms. 

Commuting students may arrange for meals Monday through Friday, on a semester basis, 
if space is available. 

Lebanon Valley College makes every effort to financially assist those students who, 
without such assistance, would be unable to attend. It is impossible for many students to 
meet the high costs of the quality education which Lebanon Valley provides, and this is 
supported by the fact that nearly 70"o of current LVC students are receiving some type of 

Lebanon Valley s financial aid program is based on the premise that it is the respon- 
sibility of the student and his or her parents to meet educational expenses to the extent 
that they are able. When it is determined that a student demonstrates financial;?ft?t/ (the 
difference between overall educational costs and the amount of money the family can 
reasonably make available for educational purposes), aid resources are then allocated in 
an effort to meet that need. Lebanon Valley subscribes to the nationally accepted need 
analysis guidelines known as uniform methodology. 

In order to assist the greatest number of needy students, limited financial aid 
resources are allocated equitably in packages consisting of gift aid (grants, scholarships) 
and "self-help (loans, work). No student should be expected to carry an unusual burden 
of self-help under normal circumstances, nor should any student expect his need to be 
met entirely with grant funds. 


Financial Aid 33 




Financial aid resources available to students attending Lebanon Valley College are 
of three basic types— grants and scholarships, loans, and employment. Sources of aid 
include federal and state governments, various private agencies, and Lebanon Valley 

Grants and scholarships are outright gift aid to stu- 
dents, and do not have to he repaid. With the e.xcep- 
tion of L\'C Presidential Scholarships, which are 
merit awards, all grants are need-based. These grants 
include: Basic Educational Opportunity Grants 
(BEOG). Supplemental Educational Opportunity 
Grants (SEOG). Pennsylvania (PHE.A.-X) and other 
State Grants, L\'C Grants-in-.Aid. and external grants 
and scholarships. 

Loans to students are available in the form of Na- 
tional Direct Student Loans (XDSL), and Guaran- 
teed Student Loans (GSL). The NDSL is a need- 
based loan, whereas the GSL may be obtained bv any 

student who is enrolled at least halftime, regardless 
of need. These loans must be repaid at low interest 
rates upon the student's departure from the institu- 

Campus Employment opportunities are available to 
students in such areas as the dining hall, library, or 
academic departments. Needy students are assigned 
part-time jobs under the federally-subsidized Col- 
lege Work-Study program; other students may ob- 
tain jobs under the institutionally-funded work-aid 
program if: 1.) their services are requested by a par- 
ticular department, or 2.) there are jobs available 
after needy students have been assigned. 

More detailed information regarding specific aid programs is contained in the Financial 
Aid brochure published each fall by the LVC Financial Aid Office. 


1.) .All students applying for financial aid at Lebanon 
\'alley College must file the complete Financial 
.Aid Form (F.AF plus the Supplement) with the- 
College Scholarship Service in Princeton, New 
Jersey. Filing this form will allow students to be 
considered for L\'C Grants, NDSL, SEOG, and Col- 
lege Work-Study. The FAF may also be used to 
apply for BEOG and some state grants (i.e. New 
Jersey). Forms are available in high school guid- 
ance offices and college financial aid offices, and 
should be filed prior to March 1. FAFs must be 
received in the LVC Financial Aid Office by June 1 
in order for students to be considered for fall se- 
mester LVC Grants. 

2.) Pennsylvania residents must file the combined 
PHEAA/BEOG Application in order to be consid- 
ered for state grant aid. This application is mailed 
in late fall to all high school seniors who have 
taken the SATs, and must be filed by May 1. 

3.) Students applying for Guaranteed Student Loans 
(bank loans) should do so prior to July 1. This loan 
requires a separate application, which must be ob- 
tained from the bank or lending agency, and takes 
about six weeks to process. 

4.) Application for financial aid must be made annu- 
ally. Returning students should file the FAF prior 
to .April 1. 



to Students 

34 Types of Fin. Afsis. 

Students are notified of the amount and provisions of all financial aid awarded upon 
the college's receipt and evaluation of all necessary forms. Where awards from external 
agencies are expected but not yet made official, estimated awards will be stated. Stu- 
dents are responsible for notifying the college of acceptance or rejection of the aid 
offered, and are responsible for signing and returning all necessary forms. 

Awards to new students are made within two weeks of receipt of all necessary 
information, and the college subscribes to the standard financial aid acceptance date of 
May L Returning student award notices are sent to students within four weeks of the 
end of the spring semester, with an expected response period of thirty days. 

The financial aid officer at Lebanon Valley College is responsible for the allocation 
of LVC Grants as well as federal campus-based student assistance (NDSL, SEOG, Work- 
Study). These resources are used to meet remaining need after BEOG, state grants, and 
external awards (not made by LVC) are considered. Lebanon Valley attempts to achieve 
a comparable grant vs. self-help ratio in the total aid package of all incoming students, 
however, the wide variance in external aid awards (i.e. state aid) often makes this 
impossible. Limited institutional resources also require that students' academic talents 
and special abilities be considered in the awarding of LVC Grants. 

Each student's financial need is computed yearly, and LVC attempts to maintain 
approximately the same proportion of grant aid in the student's package, unless the 
applicant's need changes drastically 




A student's receipt of financial assistance 
responsibilities. These are stated below. 

requires that he/she assume certain 

1.) students must be enrolled full-time in order to be 
considered for LVC Grants. SEOG, NDSL, Work- 
Study, or state grants. 

2.) Students must be enrolled at least half-time (six 
credits) in order to be eligible for BEOG or obtain 
Guaranteed Student Loans. 

3.) Students receiving financial aid awards in excess 
of $100 from external sources must report these 
awards to the Financial Aid Office. The College 
reserves the right to adjust the student's aid pack- 
age accordingly. 

4.) All transfer students must submit a Financial Aid 
Transcript of aid resources from their previous in- 
stitution(s) before LVC aid can be finalized. 

5.) Students must maintain satisfactory academic and 
social standing requirements to retain their finan- 
cial aid. For retention of LVC Grants, satisfactory 
academic requirements are defined as: 1.) students 
must be enrolled fulltime, and 2.) must either not 
be on academic probation, or, if on probation have 
a cumulative grade-point average higher than the 
corresponding semester GPA levels which serve as 
criteria for academic probation. A student's status 

is evaluated each semester. Presidential Scholar- 
ship recipients must maintain a 2.5 cumulative 
GPA to insure retention of that award. 
."Xcademic progress terms for PHEA.A Grants re- 
quire that students successfully complete 24 credit 
hours during the most recent two-semester period 
in which they received state grant aid. .Academic 
progress for all other programs is defined by the 
student's eligibility for continued enrollment in a 
degree program at LVC. 

In order to demonstrate satisfactory social stand- 
ing for purposes of retaining LVC Grants and 
Scholarships, students must not be placed on dis- 
ciplinary probation by the dean of students. Stu- 
dents will be denied L\'C grant assistance for each 
semester (including portions of semesters) during 
which the student is in probationary status. The 
denial of aid will take place in the semester(s) im- 
mediately following ttie semester in which disci- 
plinary action is taken. Satisfactory social stand- 
ing for all other programs is defined by the student's 
eligibility for continued enrollment in a degree 
program at LVC. 

Policies and 

For additional information regarding financial aid contact: 

Financial Aid Office 
Lebanon Valley College 
Annville, PA. 17003 
(717)867-4411 Ext. 207 

Policies 35 



^i ' 


Academic Programs/Procedures 

Lebanon Valley College confers four bachelor degrees upon students who are rec- 
ommended by the faculty and approved by the Board of Trustees. They are: Bachelor of 
Arts, Bachelor of Science, Bachelor of Science in Chemistry, and Bachelor of Science in 
Medical Technology. 

The Bachelor of Arts degree is conferred upon students who complete requirements 
in the following areas: English, foreign languages, French, German, history, humanities, 
music, philosophy, political science, psychology, religion, sacred music, social science, 
sociology and Spanish. 

The Bachelor of Science degree is conferred upon students who complete require- 
ments in the following areas: accounting, actuarial science, biochemistry, biology, busi- 
ness administration, chemistry, computer science, cooperative engineering, cooperative 
forestry, economics, elementary education, mathematics, music education, nuclear med- 
icine technology, nursing, operations research, physics and social service. 

As appropriate, the degree of Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science is conferred 
upon the student who completes an individualized major program. 

The professional degrees of Bachelor of Science in Chemistry and Bachelor of 
Science in Medical Technology are conferred upon students who complete the respective 


Requirements for degrees are stated in semester hours of credit. Generally, one 
semester hour of credit is given for each class hour a week throughout the semester. In 
courses requiring laboratory work, not less than two hours of laboratory work a week 
throughout a semester are required for a semester hour of credit. A semester is a term of 
approximately 15 weeks. 

Candidates for degrees must obtain a minimum of 120 semester hours credit in 
academic work in addition to the required two semester hours credit in physical educa- 
tion. However, a student who has a physical disability may be excused (on recommen- 
dation from the college physician) from the physical education requirement. 


Each student is assigned a faculty adviser who serves in the capacity of friendly 
counselor. The chairman or another adviser of the department in which the student has 
elected to major becomes the adviser for that student. The adviser's approval is necessary 
before a student may register for or withdraw from any course, select or change his 
pass/fail elections, change course hours credit, or change from credit to audit or vice 


Faculty Addsers 37 


As part of the 120 semester hours credit required in academic work, every degree 
candidate must present at least 24 semester hours credit in a major. The initial selection 
of a major may be indicated or recorded any time before the end of the sophomore year. 
Such a choice of major must be made by the time of registration for the junior year. 

A student shall be accepted as a major in a department so long as he has not 
demonstrated (by achieving less than the minimum grade-point average in the desired 
major) that he is incapable of doing satisfactory work in the department. A student 
accepted as a major has the right to remain in that department, except by special action 
of the dean of the faculty, as long as the student is in college. 

Substitution or waving of specific courses required for the major may be approved 
by the departmental chairman or advisers upon student request. 

A student desiring to major in two subject areas should consult his current adviser 
and the chairman of the department of his proposed second major concerning the 
requirements and procedure. 


Degrees will be conferred only upon those candidates earning in residence a mini- 
mum of 30 semester hours out of the last 36 taken before the date of the conferring of 
the degree, or before the transfer to a cooperating program. Residence credit is given for 
course work completed in regular day classes and in Weekend College, evening and 
summer session courses taken on campus. 


Students transferring from two-year institutions (except those in the medical tech- 
nology and nursing programs) are required to have at least 60 hours of work at a four-year 
institution for graduation. All students must take a minimum of 30 hours at Lebanon 
Valley College. 

Students transferring from other institutions must secure a grade-point average of 
1.75 or better in work taken at Lebanon Valley College, and must meet the 2.0 grade- 
point average in their major field. 


38 Major 

Candidates for degrees must obtain a cumulative grade-point average of 1.75, com- 
puted in accordance with the grading system indicated below. In addition, candidates 
must earn a major grade-point average of 2.0. 

Only grades received in courses taken on campus, in courses staffed by Lebanon 
Valley College at the University Center at Harrisburg, or in courses in the LVC-Central 
College International Studies Program are used to determine grade-point averages. 

student work is graded .4, B, C, D oxF, with the plus and minus available to faculty 
members who wish to use them. These grades have the following meanings: 
A —distinguished performance 
5— superior work 

C— general satisfactory achievement 

Z)— course requirements and standards satisfied at a minimum level 
F— course requirements and standards not satisfied at a minimum level 

A student may not take any course which has as a prerequisite a course that he has 

In addition to the above grades, the symbols /, W, WP, and WF are used on grade 
reports and in college records. / indicates that the work is incomplete (that the student 
has postponed with the prior consent of the instructor and for substantial reason, certain 
required work), but otherwise satisfactory. This work must be completed within the first 
six weeks of the beginning of the next semester, or the / will be converted to an F. 
Appeals for extension of time beyond six weeks must be presented in writing to the 
registrar not later than one week after the beginning of the next semester. 

W indicates withdrawal from a course through the eighth week of semester classes. 
In case of a withdrawal from a course thereafter through the last day of semester classes, 
the symbol WP will be entered if the student's work is satisfactory, and WF if unsatisfac- 
tory. The grade of WF is counted as an F in calculating the grade-point averages. 

For physical education courses and courses in which no academic credit is involved, 
student work is evaluated as eitherS (satisfactory) oxU (unsatisfactory). 

For each semester hour credit in a course in which a student is graded A, he receives 
4quality points:/! - 3.7;/?+, 3.3; 5, 3.0; 5- 2.7; and so on. F carries no credit and no 
quality points. 

System and 

Lebanon Valley College recognizes as part of its responsibility to its students the 
need for providing sound educational, vocational, and personal counseling. Measures of 
interest, ability, aptitude, and personality, in addition to other counseling techniques, are 
utilized in an effort to help each student come to a fuller realization of his capabilities 
and personality. 

Placement services are provided by the college for aiding students in procuring 
part-time employment while in college and in obtaining positions upon graduation. A 
current file is maintained which contains information about positions in various com- 
panies and institutions, teaching, civil service opportunities and examinations, entrance 
to professional schools, assistantships, and fellowships. Representatives of business, 
industry, and educational institutions visit the campus annually to interview seniors for 
prospective employment. A file of credentials and activities of those students availing 
themselves of the services is available to prospective employers. Graduates may keep 
their individual files active by reporting additional information to the director of place- 

Records of students' credentials in all areas of student activities are on file. 




Counseling 39 

ate and 

All seniors are required to attend the May baccalaureate and commencement pro- 
grams at which their degrees are to be conferred, except for the most compelling reasons 
and only upon a written request approved by the registrar and submitted to him at least 
two weeks prior to commencement. Faculty approval is required for conferring of the 
degree and issuance of the diploma in any case of willful failure to comply with these 

Students graduating in January (mid-winter) or August (summer) are invited, along 
with their families, to attend an informal but meaningful ceremony marking the comple- 
tion of their collegiate experience. Participation in these exercises is not required. 
Students graduating in January or August are also entitled to participate in the May 
Commencement and Baccalaureate if they desire. 

Pass/Fail degree students prior to first semester, 1979- 1980 

After attaining sophomore standing (28 semester hours credit), a student may elect 
to take up to two courses for the semester and one-semester course per summer session 
on a P/F basis, but only six of these courses can be counted toward graduation require- 

Any courses not being counted toward the fulfillment of the general requirements 
or the major requirements may be optional on a pass/fail basis. Any prerequisite course 
taken P/F and successfully completed will satisfy the prerequisite. 

Each department may, with the approval of the dean of the faculty, designate certain 
courses, including those required for the major, in which the grading will be P/F for all 
students. Courses so designated shall not count toward the total number of courses 
available P/F to the student. 

A course taken P/F will be graded P/H (B^and higher), P (D- through B), and F 
(below D-). 

A course passed P/F shall be counted toward graduation requirements, but only an 
F grade shall be included in computing the grade-point average. 

The student, with approval of his adviser, will indicate at registration or through 
the eighth week of semester classes the courses that he has elected to take P/F. He may, 
with approval of his adviser, remove a course from P/F during the same period. 

Instructors may be informed of P/F options selected by students only after semes- 
ter grades have been reported. Instructors will submit for each student an A through F 
grade which will be converted to P/H, P, or F. 

40 Bacc. & Cimim. Att. 


Pass/fail requirements are the same as listed above with the following exceptions: 
(1.) courses which are prerequisites or corequisites for major courses may not be taken 
P/F. (2.) Election of the P/F option shall be completed within the first two weeks of the 
semester; a student may remove a course from P/F during the first eight weeks of the 

AREA Semester 


1. Writing Skills 6 

2. Religion and/or Philosophy 

(2 one-semester courses! 6 

3. Natural Science 

(2 to 4t one-semester courses in biology, chemis- 
try, computer science, mathematics, physics, and 
psychology. One course must be a laboratory course 
(listed in italics) 6-9* 


En 111, 112 

Re 110. 111. 112. 120,222; 
Ph 110.228,231 
B\101/102. 111/112. 302. 309: 
Ch 101, 102,703. 104. 111. 112, 
113. 114. 115H;Ma 100, 102, 
111,161, 170:Phv;00, 110, 
103. 104. 111. 112: PsvlllO], 
120. 444 
Ch 111 & 11.5Hmayno/ both 
be counted. Ch 111 & 112 were 
4-hr credit courses, including 
laboratory, prior to 1980-81. 

The General 

4. Individual and Group Behavior 

(3 or 4t one-semester courses in economics, psy- 
chology, religion, and sociology— from at least 2 
different disciplines) 9-10* 

Foreign Language 

— either a, b, c, d, or e 3-9* 

a. 2 elementary foreign language courses in one 
language (6 sem. hrs.) 

b. 2 intermediate foreign language courses in one 
language (6 sem. hrs.) 

c. 1 intermediate foreign language and 1 com- 
puter language course (6 sem. hrs.) 

d. 1 advanced foreign language course (3 sem. 

e. 2-4t additional General Requirements exclu- 
sive of Phys. Ed (6-9 sem. hrs.) 

Arts and Letters 

(2 one-semester courses in art. literature, music, 
and philosophy) 6 

7. Physical Education 
(2 one-semester courses) 

Ec 110/120; Geo 112; all historv courses except Hi 
400,412.500; MS 260; PS 111/112,211,212.311, 
312,314,411,413; Psv 100,321,337,343,346; Re 
140; So 110, 122(352), 21 1,232, 242, 251(121), 272, 
282(132), 322(321); appropriate Interdisciplinary 

Fr. Ger, Bk. La, Sp 101. 102 courses 

Fr. Ger. Gk. La. Sp 111, 112 courses 

Fr, Ger, Gk. La, Sp 1 1 1 , 1 1 2 courses; 

Fr, Ger, Sp 115,215 

Any 2-4t additional courses in areas 2, 3. 4. 6. not in 
the major field(s) or otherwise required for the 
major(s) (6-9* sem. hrs.). 

Ar 110, 201, 203; En 221/222, 225/226, 227/228, 
250-299, 321/322, 337, 338, 339; all foreign lan- 
guage courses numbered 116 or higher except FL 
252, 440, Fr, Ger, Sp 215, 445/446, 500; MS 270, 
290; Mu 100 or 341/342; Ph [340], 350-399; appro- 
priate Interdisciplinary Courses 


*The number of hours will depend upon the selection of courses. 
tThe number of courses will depend upon the selection of courses. 
( I Recent, former course numbers. 
[ ] Eligible courses which are no longer offered by departments. 

Total hours required for graduation, including the above, courses required for the major, and electives: 120 academic 
semester hours credit and 2 semester hours credit for physical education. 

No course from a student's first major field may be used to meet any of the General Requirements. However, social science 
majors are exempted from Area 4 requirements; humanities majors are exempted from Area 6 requirements; courses required in 
another (collateral) field by particular majors may be used to meet requirements in appropriate areas, as may courses in a 
student's second major field. 

Certain requirements may be earned through proficiency examinations, the Advanced Placement Program, and the College 
Level Examination Program. Further information may be obtained from the registrar. 

Gen. Requirements 41 

OoUC^C "^^^ Honors Program provides an opportunity for superior students to develop and 

'^ to challenge their intellectual abilities, to challenge their originality and intellectual 

nOflOrS curiosity, and to nurture academic excellence both in students and faculty. 

The Program has two phases: lower division Freshman-Sophomore Honors: upper 
division Honor Studies and Departmental Honors. 

Prospective freshmen are selected, after interviews with members of the Honors 
Subcommittee of the Academic Life Committee and Honors instructors, on the basis of 
class rank, CEEB scores, Presidential Scholarship Examinations, and other useful infor- 
mation. Others may be chosen by a similar procedure by the Honors Subcommittee 
toward the end of the first semester, on the basis of recommendations invited from all 

To graduate with college honors, a student must earn twelve semester hours in 
lower division honors and nine semester hours in upper division honors. In upper division 
work, three semester hours must be gained in Honors Studies and three in Independent 
Study. A student s grade-point average must be at least 3.0 overall and in Honors work. 


Freshman- Sophomore Honors may be conducted in either lecture or seminar for- 
mat: all students are expected to contribute to seminar discussion. Participation in 
Freshman- Sophomore Honors is restricted to Honor students; exceptions are made only 
with consent of the instructor and the Honors Subcommittee of the Academic Life 
Committee. Enrollment in Freshman- Sophomore Honors sections should be limited to 

Freshman- Sophomore honors sections are offered in the following courses which 
meet the appropriate general requirements: Biology 101, Chemistry 115, Economics 
110/120, English 111/112, English 227/228, Foreign Languages 225/226, History 
111/112, History 125/126, Mathematics 170, Philosophy 110, Political Science 111/112, 
Psychology 100 and Religion 110. 

YTqi^qI^c Honors Study is a team effort in independent work with the guidance of one or 

more instructors. Honors Study generally deals with an interdepartmental subject, is 

SttlClieS restricted to Honors Students at the junior-senior level, and consists of a team of no more 
than seven students. An Honors student may participate in an Honors Study after 
completing nine hours in Freshman- Sophomore honors. In appropriate instances, the 
Curriculum Committee will be petitioned to approve courses to meet the distribution 

tal Honors 

42 College Honors 

Departmental Honors is taken in the major field in junior and senior years. The 
program consists of a reading and/or research program producing a thesis or an essay. 
The latter is done on a problem or subject of the student's own choosing under the 
supervision of a faculty adviser. Opportunity also exists to do creative work. A maximum 
of nine hours credit may be earned in departmental honors. 

Summer sessions, evening classes on campus, Weekend College, and extension 
classes in the University Center at Harrisburg enable teachers, state employees, and 
others in active employment to attend college courses, and secure academic degrees. By 
a careful selection of courses made in consultation with the appropriate adviser, students 
can meet many of the requirements for a baccalaureate degree. Some courses may be 
taken for provisional and permanent teaching certification; others may be taken with the 
aim of transferring credit to another institution. Many courses lead to professional 
advancement or are of direct benefit to persons in business or industry, while others 
assist in broadening the student's vocational, social, and cultural background. 

Brochures are published for the summer session, the evening classes, and Weekend 
College. For copies or for other information write to the Director of Auxiliary Schools. 
Lebanon Valley College, Annville, Pennsylvania 17003. 

Summer Session 

Regular enrolled students may, by taking summer 
session courses, meet the requirements for the bache- 
lor's degree in three years. 

Campus Evening Classes 

Evening classes are offered on the campus, Mon- 
day through Thursday, and carry residence credit. 

The evening school includes an ENRICH Pro- 
gram in Business Administration or Accounting. The 
student receives a certificate of achievement upon suc- 
cessful completion of the 60 semester-hour program. 

Weekend College 

The Weekend College offers full degree programs 
in accounting, business administration, nursing, so- 
cial science— sociology, and social service, with all of 
the necessary classes' meeting on Friday nights and 
Saturdays in both the academic semesters and the 
summer. These residence credit classes are primarily 
intended for off-campus adults interested in pursuing 
a college degree. 

University Center at Harrisburg 

Extension classes are offered at the Center's cam- 
pus. 2991 North Front Street, Harrisburg. 17110. on 
Monday through Thursday evenings and on Saturday 
mornings during the regular academic semesters. 
Classes meet during the summer sessions on various 
evenings. Lebanon Valley College's extension program 
in Harrisburg is carried on in conjunction with Eliza- 
bethtown College, Temple University The Pennsyl- 
vania State University, and the University of Pennsyl- 

.W\ students admitted and enrolled for a degree at 
the college are required to secure the permission of 
their advisers and the registrar prior to enrolling for 
any courses at the University Center at Harrisburg. 

For details pertaining to the University Center at 
Harrisburg write or call the director at 2991 North 
Front Street, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania 17110. at 717- 
238-9694'during the day or 717-238-9696 during the 


A student's study at Lebanon Valley 
work. The college participates in several 
students may register and receive credit. 

Environmental Biology 

Lebanon Valley College maintains active pro- 
grams in the following areas of Environmental Biol- 
ogy: Ecology; Marine Biology; Field Botany and Zool- 
ogy; Forestry (Cooperative Program); Environmental 
Management (Cooperative Program). 

Field trips to the College of Marine Studies, Uni- 
versity of Delaware, and the llniversity of Georgia Ma- 
rine Institute. Sapelo Island. Georgia, are made by stu- 
dents involved in the Marine Biology and Ecology 
programs. Students in the cooperative forestry and en- 

College is not limited totally to on-campus 
off-campus learning experiences for which 

vironmental management programs visit Duke L'niver- 
sity each year. Freshwater pond and forest ecosystems 
which are used for ecological study are located on the 
campus at Kreiderheim. Wilderness areas which in- 
clude the transition zone between southern and north- 
ern forests occur within a few miles of campus. Flooded 
limestone quarries are available for students who de- 
sire more intensive training in aquatic ecology and/or 

Internships in a number of ecologically related 


Off-Campus Opport. 43 

44 Off-Campus Opport. 

areas have been arranged with local industries and mu- 
nicipal governmental agencies. On occasion these 
lead directly to future employment. 

The faculty of the Department of Biology in- 
cludes professors specifically trained in and actively 
engaged in research in the areas of marine biology, 
ecology, plant taxonomy, animal ta.xonomy, and plant 
physiology. All hold doctoral degrees in their area of 
specialty and all involve students in their research ef- 
forts. The result has been an unusually high degree of 
achievement in student research projects, a number of 
which have been published in prominent scientific 

It is the experience of the department that stu- 
dents well trained in all areas of science who have an 
understanding of mathematical methods, chemical 
techniques, and biological theory meet with the great- 
est success both in finding employment and in their 
future graduate work. Therefore a well-balanced pro- 
gram of courses in science is stressed with emphasis 
on those important for environmental biology, and stu- 
dents in these areas are encouraged to obtain a biology 
major. However, if a student wishes his/her major to 
be in a more specialized area such as Marine Biology, 
this can be arranged through the College's Individual- 
ized Major Program. 
Advisers: Dr. Williams. Dr Paul Wolf 

Germantown Metropolitan Semester 

Lebanon Valley College sponsors an urban semes- 
ter program through the Metropolitan Collegiate Cen- 
ter of Germantown, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. This 
is a one-semester program of a pre-professiimal intern- 
ship and academic seminars relating to the city. The 
program is designed especially for students who are 
interested in cities and the opportunity of living and 
working in a pluralistic urban world; or who want the 
practical and personal advantages of concrete work 
experience especially for purposes of vocational and 
educational decisions. 

Internship placements are available in a diverse 
range of social service, mental health, law enforce- 
ment, medical research, and health-care-delivery agen- 
cies. Fifteen academic credits are offered in the pro- 
gram. Metropolitan Semester students live in housing 
approved by the Center staff. Total costs are compara- 
ble to those of a semester on campus. 
Adviser: Dr. Lockwood 

International Studies Program 

Lebanon Valley College offers an International 
Studies Program in cooperation with Central College, 
Pella, Iowa. This affiliation, which is shared with 
twenty-three other colleges and universities across the 
country, enables Lebanon Valley students to enroll for 

foreign study in France, Germany-Austria, Spain, 
Mexico, Wales or England while maintaining their J 
regular enrollment status at Lebanon Valley and their \ 
college and other financial aid. 

Students may also study abroad under a program 
administered by an accredited American college or 
university, or in a program approved by Lebanon Valley 
College. Such students must have maintained a 3.0 
average at Lebanon \'alley College, must be proficient 
in the language spoken in the country in which they 
will study, and must be a person who, in the judgment 
of the registrar and the faculty, will be worthy repre- , 
sentatives of their own country. Their proposed courses I 
of study must be approved by the appropriate depart- I 
mental chairman and the registrar. 
.Advisers: Dr. Iglesias, Dr. Ford ! 

Washington Semester Program 

students at Lebanon \'alley College are eligible 
to participate in the Washington Semester Program 
which is offered in cooperation with American Univer- 
sity in Washington, D.C. This includes the study of the 
American governmental and political system as a 
whole (the Washington Semester), the urban polity 
and intergovernmental decision-making in urban af- 
fairs (the Washington Urban Semester), American for- 
eign policy formulation and implementation (the For- 
eign Policy Semester), and international development 
(the International Development Semester). Students 
in the first two programs take a seminar, which in- 
cludes meetings with public officials, political figures, 
private interest group representatives, and other 
knowledgeable persons; an individual research project 
determined in consultation with instructors at Leba- 
non Valley and .American L^niversity; and either an 
elective course at the university or an internship pro- 
gram arranged with a political or administrative office 
in Washington. The Foreign Policy Semester and the 
International Development semester are modules, ex- 
pected to occupy the student's full academic time. 

The program is open to juniors and seniors in any 
major field who have at least a 2.5 average, have had 
the basic courses in American national government, 
and are recommended by the chairman of the Depart- 
ment of History and Political Science. Two students 
from the college will be selected each November by 
American University to participate in the following 
spring semester. Students in the program have the 
same status as full-time undergraduates at American 
University and will receive full credit for one 
semester's work toward their degree at Lebanon Valley 
Adviser: Dr. Geffen 

There are a number of academic procedures necessary to insure that all students are 
given every opportunity to take courses which contribute to their total educational 

Preregistration and Registration 

Students are required to preregister and register 
for courses on designated days of each semester. These 
dates are listed in the official college calendar. 

Late Preregistration and Registration 

Students preregistering or registering later than 
the days and hours specified will be charged a fee of 
$10.00. Students desiring to register later than one 
week after the opening of the semester will be admit- 
ted only by special permission of the registrar. 

Change of Registration 

Change of registration, including pass/fail elec- 
tions, changes of course hours credit, changes from 
credit to audit and vice versa, must be approved by 
signature of the adviser. In most instances registration 
for a course will not be permitted after the course has 
been in session for one full week. With the permission 
of the adviser, a student may withdraw from a course 
at any time through the last day of semester classes 
(see grading policy). A fee of $10.00 is charged for 

every change of course made at the student's request 
after registration. 

Discontinuance of Courses 

The college reserves the right to withdraw or dis- 
continue any course for which an insufficient number 
of students have registered. 

Repetition of Courses 

A student may repeat as often as desired, for a 
higher grade, a previously taken course in which he 
received a passing grade, including P or P/H, or a 
grade of F or WF, subject to the following provisions: 
the course must have been taken in all registrations on 
campus and/or in courses staffed by the college at the 
University Center at Harrisburg. Semester hours credit 
are given only once. The grade received each time 
taken and computed in the semester grade-point aver- 
age. The higher or highest grade is used to compute 
the cumulative grade-point average. Each semester 
grade report will show hours credit each time passed, 
but the total hours toward degree will be equal only to 


Acad. Proc. 45 

the semester hours credit for the course. For a course 
previously passed P/F, the grade received in the sub- 
sequent registration for regular grade is the "higher 
grade." Each grade received remains on the permanent 
record card and a notation is made thereon that the 
course has been repeated. 

Concurrent Courses 

A student enrolled for a degree at Lebanon Valley 
College may not carry courses concurrently at any 
other institution or in Evening School. Weekend Col- 
lege or the L'niversity Center at Harrisburg without 
prior consent of his adviser and the registrar. 

A student registered at Lebanon Valley College 
may not obtain credit for courses taken in other col- 
leges, including the University Center at Harrisburg, 
during the summer unless such courses have prior ap- 
proval of his adviser and the registrar. 

Auditing Courses 

students may register to audit courses with ap- 
proval of the academic adviser. Audited courses are 
counted in considering the course load relative to limit 
of hours (overload). The regular tuition fee is charged 
to part-time students. Neither grade nor credit is given 
either at the time the course is audited or thereafter. A 
grade of AU (audit) will not be entered on the student's 

permanent record card if he seldom attended classes. 
A change of registration from credit to audit or from 
audit to credit must be accomplished by the end of the 
fifth week of semester classes. 

Arrangement of Scliedules 

Each student arranges a semester program of 
courses in consultation with, and by approval of, his 
faculty adviser. Students already in attendance do this 
during preregistration periods. New students accom- 
plish this on one of two spring orientation days. 

Limit of Hours 

To be classified as full-time, a student must take 
at least twelve semester hours of work. Si,\teen semes- 
ter hours of academic work is the maximum permitted 
without approval of the adviser and special permission 
of the registrar. Audited courses are counted in deter- 
mining the course load, but physical education and 
course RSS 1 10 (Reading and Study Skills) are not. 

Academic Classification 

Students are classified academically at the begin- 
ning of each year. Membership in the sophomore, ju- 
nior or senior classes is granted to students who have 
earned a minimum of 28, 56 or 84 academic semester 
hours credit respectively. 

tive Regula- 

The rules of the college are designed to provide for proper regulation of the aca- 
demic community. The rules and regulations as stated in this bulletin are announcements 
and in no way serve as a contract between the student and the college. Attendance at the 
college is a privilege and not a right. The student by his act of registration concedes to 
the college the right to require his withdrawal any time deemed necessary to safeguard 
the ideals of scholarship and character, and to secure compliance with regulations. It is 
expected that the conduct of all campus citizens will conform to accepted standards. All 
students are required to respond to communications sent by any duly constituted author- 
ity of the college. 

46 Admin. Reg. 

Class Attendance 

Each student is held responsible for knowing and 
meeting all requirements for each course, including 
regular class attendance. Because of differences in var- 
ious disciplines, specific regulations governing class 
attendance are set by each department, approved by 
the dean of the faculty, and administered by the in- 
structor. At the opening of each course the instructor 
will clearly inform students of class attendance regu- 
lations. \iolations of regulations will make the stu- 
dent liable to being dropped from the course with a 
failing grade, upon the recommendation of the instruc- 
tor and with the approval of the registrar. 

In case of a short absence from class because of 
illness and for most other reasons, the student speaks 

directly with the instructor concerning the absence, 
whether anticipated or not, even if an examination has 
been scheduled. The student informs the registrar 
iinly if the absence could not be anticipated and the 
period of absence will be a week or more. The registrar 
informs faculty members of students who will be ab- 
sent from classes because of participation in official 
functions of the college. Students on academic proba- 
tion are permitted only excused absences. 

E.xciised absencL>.<; do not afoo/rc .'itudents from 
the necessity/ of fulfilling nil course requirements. 

Academic Dishonesty 

Instances of open and conclusive academic dis- 
honesty are dealt with in accordance with the follow- 

ing regulations: for the first offense the faculty mem- 
ber shall have the authority to fail the student in the 
course; for the second offense the student shall be 
failed in the course and additional action taken, up to 
and including expulsion from college, if deemed war- 
ranted by the dean of the faculty; for the third offense, 
if the second act of dishonesty did not warrant expul- 
sion in the opinion of the dean of the faculty, the stu- 
dent shall be failed in the course and expelled from the 

Chapel-Convocation Program 

A chapel-convocation program is held regularly 
each week. The weekly programs are augmented by 
additional events at other times during the semester. 
From the total of twenty-four programs each full-time 
student will select not less than twelve to fulfill his 
attendance requirement for the semester. 


Hazing is strictly prohibited. Any infringement 
by members of other classes upon the personal rights 
of freshmen as individuals is interpreted as hazing. 

Cars and Student Parking 

All cars owned or operated by Lebanon Valley 
College students must be registered with the college 
center. Violations of established parking regulations 
will result in fines and may result in suspension or 
revocation of parking privileges. 


Each student, former student, or graduate is en- 
titled to one transcript of his college record without 
charge. For each copy after the first, a fee of two dollars 
is charged. 

Regulations Regarding Academic 
Probation, Suspension, Dismissal, 

A. Probation 

A student can be placed on academic probation 
by the dean of the faculty or suspended or dismissed if 
his academic standing fails to come up to the grade- 
point average shown in the following table; 

Suspension or 
Probation dismissal 

1st semester 1.25 

2nd semester 1.50 1.25 cumulative 

3rd semester 1.65 

4th semester 1.75 1.50 cumulative 

5th semester 1.75 

6th semester 1.75 1.65 cumulative 

7th & 8th semesters .... 1.75 in all courses 

A student placed on academic probation is noti- 
fied of such status by the dean of the faculty and in- 
formed of the college regulations governing proba- 
tioners. Students on probation are expected to regulate 

their work and their time so as to make a most deter- 
mined effort to bring their performance up to the re- 
quired standard. 

The extent of a probationer student's participa- 
tion in extra-curricular activities and in non-credit 
courses shall be determined by a consensus of the stu- 
dent, the student's parents, and the dean of the faculty 
(The dean shall consult with appropriate college per- 
sonnel— e.g. adviser, instructors, dean of students, 
coaches.) All three of the primary parties in this deci- 
sion shall express their views in writing. No student 
on academic probation can initiate or continue partic- 
ipation in extra-curricular activities and/or non-credit 
courses prior to these consultations. 

B. Suspension 

1. A student who obviously fails to achieve at a 
level commensurate with his measured ability may be 
suspended for at least one semester. 

2. A student suspended for academic reasons is 
not eligible for reinstatement for at least one semes- 
ter, preferably two. 

3. A student seeking reinstatement to Lebanon 
Valley College must apply in writing to the dean of the 

4. Students suspended for academic reasons are 
not permitted to register for work in the auxiliary 
schools except for the most compelling reasons and 
then only with the approval of the registrar. 

5. A student may be suspended without a prior 
period on probation. 

6. A student twice suspended for academic rea- 
sons shall be considered for readmission, upon appli- 
cation, only if the following conditions are fulfilled; (a) 
He shall present firm evidence of renewed interest and 
motivation, (b) He shall have completed a significant 
amount of transferrable academic work at an accred- 
ited institution subsequent to his second suspension. 
|c) He shall be readmitted on probationary status on 
recommendation of the appropriate academic depart- 
ment. The student shall achieve at such a level as will 
make likely the successful completion of this program 
or he will be subject to dismissal. 

C. Dismissal 

A student dismissed for academic reasons is not 
eligible for readmission. 

D. Withdrawal from College and Readmission 

Official withdrawal from the college is accom- 
plished only by the completion of withdrawal forms 
obtained in the office of the registrar. This is the sole 
responsibility of the student. 

Application for readmission will be considered 
only if the formal withdrawal procedure has been fol- 
lowed at the time of withdrawal. 

Admin. Reg. 47 




Courses of Study 


The first digit of the course number indicates the academic year in which the course is 
normally taken. (A first digit of 1 may also indicate that the course may be taken by 
freshmen even though it is usually taken by sophomores, juniors or seniors.) A first digit 
of 5 is used for courses in private music instruction and independent study courses. 
Course numbers for music organizations begin with 6. 

A course is offered in the first semester if the third digit is an odd number, in the 
second semester if it is an even number. A course with as a third digit is a one-semester 
course offered in either or both semesters. 

A comma separating the numbers of two courses with a common title indicates that 
the first course (offered in the first semester) is a prerequisite to the second course (offered 
in the second semester). A slash (/) separating the numbers of two courses with a 
common title indicates that the first course is not a prerequisite for the second course. 

Not all courses are offered each year. Some courses are offered on demand only. 
Students should consult registration schedules for each semester's course offerings. 


Some courses require pre-requisites which are designated in italics at the end of the 
course description. 


The number otcredits that a specific course carries is also indicated in italics at the 
end of the course description. Some courses carry variable credit. Some courses carry no 
credit. Some courses require both classroom and laboratory work. Some courses may be 
taken more than once for credit (i.e., most independent study courses, some special 
topics courses, and others) and are so indicated in italics (i.e., 1-3 credits per semester. 
Maximum of 9). Students should consult registration schedules for hour requirements. 

General In- 


(See Economics and Business 


(See Mathematical Sciences) 



Mr. Iskowitz(Chmn.) 
Dr. Wise (Adj.) 

The Art Department, although not constituted as a department offering a major, is 
committed to providing the opportunity and the environment for creative expression and 
a richer understanding of man's accomphshments in the visual arts. Exposure to art as 
an area of humanistic study can develop qualities of insight, imagination, awareness, 
organization, self-discipline and initiative that are an asset to the individual generally, 
and to whatever professional career a student may pursue. 

The Art Department is responsible, along with student committees and community 
members, in coordinating the annual Spring Arts Festival on campus. 

The monthly College Center Art Exhibit series, under the Art Department's egis, 
provides a broad exposure to artists working in a variety of styles and content. 

Courses in Art 

1 10. Introduction to Art. The two and three dimen- 
sional arts, including architecture, are analyzed in an 
attempt to understand the nature of art. The impor- 
tance of shaping perception is stressed to show how 
the observer plays an active role in his appreciation of 
zrt. 3 credits. 

140. Drawing, Painting and Printmaking. Prob- 
lems provide an opportunity for students to develop 
their creative ability. Knowledge is acquired about 
various media, techniques and tools. The staff reserves 
the right to select one example of each student's work 
for its permanent collection. Prerequisite: Art 110. 3 

201. Art History I, Pre-history through the Mid- 
dle Ages. Representative examples in painting, sculp- 
ture and architecture of the major cultures of succes- 
sive historic periods are considered. Stress is given to 
the interaction of factors influencing the various forms 
of visual expressions. Pa'R'i/u/s/fe- .4 r/ 110. 3 credits. 
203. Art History II, Renaissance to Twentieth 
Century. Study of the major forms of the visual arts 
representative of the Renaissance and succeeding cen- 
turies as expressed both by the individual and major 
schools. These viewed in terms of degree of reflection 
of the social, ideological, and economic foci of the 
period. Pri?r<;</u/,S(fe; Art 110. 3 credits. 
401. Art in the Elementary School. Introduction 
to creative art activity for children in elementary school. 
Topics covered include philosophical concepts, curric- 
ulum, evaluation and studio activity involving a vari- 
ety of art media, techniques and processes. 3 credits. 



Dr. Moe 
Dr. Pollack 

The major in biochemistry is an interdisciplinary program which provides an oppor- 
tunity for interested students to engage in a comprehensive study of the chemical basis 
of biological processes. It is designed to prepare students for advanced study in medical, 
dental, and other professional schools, for graduate programs in a variety of areas includ- 
ing biochemistry, clinical chemistry, pharmacology, molecular biology, genetics, micro- 
biology, and physiology, and for research positions in industrial, academic, and govern- 
ment laboratories. 

Departmental tionors may be taken in either biology or chemistry. 

Degree: B.S. degree with a major in biochemistry. 

Major: Biology 111, 112, 201, 202 and/or 307, 306, 401 (24 hours); Biochemistry 
421, 422, 430, 480 (9 hours); Chemistry 111, 112, 113, 114, 213, 214, 216, 311, 312, 319, 
(27 hours); Mathematics 161, 162 or 166 (6 hours); Physics 103 or 111, 104 or 112 
(8 hours). 

Courses in Biochemistry 

421,422. Biochemistry I, II. A course in the physi- 
cal and organic aspects of living systems. Prerequi- 
sites: Chemistry 21 4. 216, and 312 or approval of the 
departmental chairmen. 3 credits per semester. 
430. Biochemistry Laboratory. Investigations of 
the properties of proteins, nucleic acids, carbohy- 
drates, and \\p\ds. Prerequisites: Chemistry 214, 216. 
1 credit. 

480. Biochemistry Seminar. Readings, discussions, 
and reports on special topics in biochemistry, i credit. 
500. Independent Study. Intensive library and lab- 
oratory study of relevant research problems in the area 
of biochemistry. Prerequisites or corequisites: Chem- 
istry 311, 312, and the consent of the departmental 
chairmen. 2-3 credits per semester (Maximum of 9). 

The aims of the program for biology majors are 1) to provide students with a thorough 
understanding of the principles of biology and background in disciplines basic to biol- 
ogy; 2) to develop in students skills in the application of the scientific method and at the 
retrieval and communication of technical information; and, 3) to provide preparation for 
students interested in graduate, professional and medical programs. 

The department believes that a student, well trained in all areas of science and having 
an understanding of mathematical methods, chemical techniques and biological theory, 
has the best chance for success in gaining employment and/or pursuing graduate work. 

Graduates of the department have entered professional schools of the health profes- 
sions, as well as "graduate schools with programs in anatomy, hospital management, 
various ecology concentrations and wildlife management, to name a few. Graduates of 
the environmental biology concentrations are employed in the areas of marine biology, 
waste water analysis and environmental impact analysis. Graduate schools represented 
include Cornell, Clemson, Duke, University of Georgia, Virginia Institute of Marine 
Sciences and many others. 

Students who do not attend graduate or professional school find employment in 
university and medical research laboratories, aquaculture programs, ecological consult- 
ing firms, environmental educational centers, pharmaceutical firms, quality control in 
laboratories in industry, private and public education, veterinary laboratories, and state 
and federal environmental control agencies. 


Specific professional and preprofessional programs are available which can be entered 
before or after a typical freshman year as a biology major. A list of these programs 
together with the degrees and majors follow. 

Cooperative Programs: Forestry and Environmental Studies: B.S. degree with a major 
in biology and MF or MEM. Medical Technology: B.S. degree in medical technology. 



Ms. Costello 
Dr. Henninger 
Dr. Pollack 
Dr. Verhoek 
Dr. Williams 
Dr. Wolf 
Dr. Wolfe 

Biology 5 1 

Nuclear Medicine Technology: B.S. degree with a major in nuclear medicine technology. 
Podiatry: B.S. degree with a major in biology, and DPM. 

Environmental Biology: Botany and zoology, ecology, and marine biology. B.S. degree 
with a major in biology. 

Health Professions: Dentistry, Medicine, Optometry, Osteopathy, Pharmacy, Podiatry 
and Veterinary Medicine. B.S. degree with a major in biology (or other major). 

Nursing: A B.S. degree with a major in nursing. 

Secondary Teacher Certification: A program accredited by the Commonwealth of 
Pennsylvania is available. B.S. degree with a major in biology. 


Internships with qualified professionals in a student's area of interest are taken under 
Bi 451/452, Special Topics I, II. Currently, positions are available in conservation, 
environmental education, veterinary medicine, and water quaUty control. Additional 
internships may be developed upon demand. 


The departmental honors program in biology is open to students of junior and senior 
status who have demonstrated superior scholastic ability in formal courses as well as 
the potential to complete successfully an original independent research project. The 
candidate submits a thesis based on his/her laboratory investigations and defends it 
before an examining committee chosen by the research sponsor. Following successful 
completion of the defense, a decision will be made concerning a recommendation to the 
dean of the faculty that the candidate graduate with departmental honors. 

Degree: B.S. degree with a major in biology. 

Major: Biology 111, 112, 201, 302 or 307, 411 or 412; one course each in the general 
areas of physiology, cellular and subcellular biology, and morphology; and four additional 
hours of biology for a minimum of 33 hours. Also required are two years of chemistry; 
Physics 103, 104, or 111, 112; and Mathematics 161 or 111. 

52 Biology 

Courses in Biology 

101/102. Introduction to Biology I, II. These 
courses, designed for the non-science major, place em- 
phasis on the mastery of certain biological principles 
which are inherent in living material. These principles 
are then applied to specific organisms with special 
stress placed on the study of human biology. The lab- 
oratory includes exercises in anatomy, physiology, em- 
bryology, genetics, and acoXogy.S credits per semester. 
111/1 12. General Biology I, II. A rigorous study of 
basic biological principles at the cellular, organismal 
and population levels. 4 credits per semester. 
201. Genetics. The central theme of this course is the 
mastery of the universal properties of the mechanism 
of heredity. The laboratory stresses the demonstration 
of the key concepts of heredity utilizing both a classi- 

cal and a molecular approach. Prerequisites: Biology 
111 and one year of cliemistry. 4 credits. 
202. Animal Physiology. A study of the principles 
of vertebrate body function. Emphasis is placed upon 
the mechanisms by which cells and organs perform 
their functions and the interaction of the various or- 
gans in maintaining total body function. Prerequi- 
sites: Biology 101 or 112. 4 credits. 
302. Survey of the Plant Kingdom. The develop- 
ment and diversity of plants and the relationships be- 
tween them. Field and laboratory work will familiarize 
the student with the morphology of plants and with 
the identification of gymnosperms and angiosperms in 
the local flora. Prerequisite: Biology 112 or permis- 
sion of instructor. 4 credits. 

304. Developmental Biology. The study of basic 
descriptive phenomena in the development of typical 
invertebrate and vertebrate embryos will be extended 
into consideration of modern embryological prob- 
lems. 4 credits. 

305. Vertebrate Histology and Microtechnique. 
Microscopic anatomy of vertebrate tissues illustrating 
basic tissue similarities and specialization in relation 
to function. The laboratory work includes the prepa- 
ration of slides utilizing routine histological and his- 
tochemical techniques. 4 credits. 

306. Microbiology. A basic study of the morphology, 
physiology, and biochemistry of representative micro- 
organisms.-^ credits. 

307. Plant Physiology. A study of the functioning of 
plants with emphasis on vascular plants. Prerequisite: 
Three semesters of chemistry or permission of the in- 
structor. 4 credits. 

308. Comparative Chordate Anatomy. The com- 
parative anatomy of chordates with particular atten- 
tion given to the correlation of structure to habitat. 
Laboratory work involves dissection and demonstra- 
tion of representative chordates. 4 credits. 

309. Fundamentals of Ecology. The fundamental 
concepts of ecology are examined with emphasis placed 
on the interaction between organisms and their bio- 

logical and physical environment in selected ecosys- 
tems—freshwater, marine, and terrestrial. 4 credits. 

401. Cell Physiology. The functioning of cells. En- 
ergetics, mechanisms and control of cell transport, 
metabolism, and irritability Includes biological 
rhythms and photophysiology.4 credits. 

402. Invertebrate Zoology. Through the use of a 
systemic approach, the morphology and physiology of 
representatives of most of the invertebrate phyla are 
studied. This approach centers around the following 
areas: movement, metabolism, information and con- 
trol, reproduction, and association between animals. 
4 credits. 

409. Quantitative Ecology. An intense study of 
basic ecological processes emphasizing quantitative 
field work at population and community levels in se- 
lected freshwater, marine and terrestrial ecosystems. 
Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. 4 credits. 
411/412. Biology Seminar I, II. Reading, discus- 
sions, and reports on special topics in biology. 1 or 2 
credits per semester 

451/452. Special Topics I, II. Provides a range of 
topics for students with special interests. Topics rou- 
tinely offered are Ethology, Immunology, Instrumen- 
tation, Internships, Limnology, Marine Biology, Neu- 
rophysiology and Parasitology. Prerequisite: Per- 
mission of staff 1-3 credits per semester. 
453/454. Special Topics in Nursing I, II. Research 
and a detailed report on a topic of interest relating to 
the nursing profession. Topics may include aspects of 
special types of nursing health care, the epidemiology 
of a particular disease, mental disorders, social issues 
in health care, or any other pertinent topic. Prerequi- 
site: Permission of the instructor. 1-3 credits per se- 
mester. (Maximum of 6). 

500. Independent Study. Limited to students major- 
ing in biology who have had ample courses in the de- 
partment and whose records indicate that they can be 
encouraged to take part in research or can work inde- 
pendently on research problems in which they have a 
special interest. Biology 500 may lead to departmen- 
tal honors for qualified students. Prerequisite: Per- 
mission of staff 1-3 credits per semester. (Maximum 
of 9). 


(See Economics and Business 

The aims of the Department of Chemistry are to provide students majoring in chem- 
istry with rigorous training in the principles and appHcations of modern chemistry. 

The Department of Chemistry offers two degrees for students who major in chemistry: 
the Bachelor of Science degree with a major in chemistry and the Bachelor of Science in 
chemistry degree which meets the requirements of the American Chemical Society for 
the training of chemists for industry and for advanced study in chemistry. Both degree 
programs offer the necessary preparation for students to become industrial chemists; to 
enter masters and doctorate programs in chemistry and related fields; to enroll in profes- 



Mr. Bell 

Dr. Dahlberg 

Dr. Lockwood 

Dr. Moe 

Dr. Neidig (Chmn.) 

sional schools of medicine, dentistry, optometry, osteopathic medicine, or podiatry; or 
to teach chemistry. 

The chemistry courses are designed to present the interaction of theoretical and 
experimental chemistry. In all laboratory courses, special emphasis is given to the use of 
instrumentation including extensive instruction in computer programming and interfac- 
ing. A required independent study course for senior chemistry majors is designed for the 
investigation of basic or applied research problems involving both library research and 
laboratory work. Opportunities are available for all students to do additional laboratory 
work in conjunction with their chemistry courses. 

During their college careers, students have many opportunities to work independently. 
Some students participate in research programs funded by such organizations as the 
Petroleum Research Fund or Research Corporation. These students often become co- 
authors on research papers published in the chemical journals in addition to presenting 
papers at student research conferences. 

There are also opportunities for some students to gain practical work experience in 
local industries such as Alcoa and Michter Distilleries. Such experience during college 
prepares students for entering industry and government service upon graduation. Recent 
graduates have accepted positions with such industries as General Electric, American 
Cyanamid, Borg-Warner, and Sterling Drugs. 

Our graduates have also enrolled in such institutions as Temple University Medical 
School, Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia College of Osteopathy, the School of 
Medicine of the University of Pittsburgh, the University of Pennsylvania Dental School, 
Philadelphia School of Pharmacy, the Medical College of Pennsylvania, and Philadelphia 
College of Podiatry. 

Graduate programs in which recent chemistry graduates have enrolled include Ari- 
zona State University (physical chemistry), Drexel University (inorganic chemistry), 
Indiana University at Bloomington (organic), Lehigh University, Michigan State Univer- 
sity, Ohio State University and University of Florida (biochemistry). Northwestern Uni- 
versity (business administration, physical chemistry), Pennsylvania State University (en- 
vironmental engineering), Purdue University (analytical chemistry). University of 
California at I3erkeley (physical chemistry). University of California at Los Angeles 
(computer science), University of Maryland (environmental chemistry). University of 
Pennsylvania (physical chemistry and biochemistry), University of Pittsburgh (biochem- 
istry and forensic chemistry), and the University of Wisconsin (theoretical mathematics). 


Juniors and seniors may participate in the departmental honors program if they have 
demonstrated a high scholastic ability and proficiency in both experimental and theoret- 
ical chemistry. To be recommended for departmental honors, a student is required: (1) to 
submit a thesis based on extensive laboratory investigation of an original problem; and 
(2) to defend the thesis before an appropriate examining committee. 

Degrees: B.S. degree with a major in chemistry. B.S. in Chemistry degree (American 
54 Chemistry Chemical Society certification) 

Major: Chemistry 111 (or 115H), 112, 113, 114, 200, 213, 214, 216, 311, 312, 314, 
315, 316, 319, 321, 322, and four hours of 500; Mathematics 161, 162; Physics 111 and 
112 for a total of 53 hours. 

B.S. in Chemistry (certified by the American Chemical Society): Chemistry 111, (or 
115H), 112, 113, 114, 200, 213, 214, 216, 311, 312, 314, 315, 316, 319, 321, 322, 411, 
412, 413, 414, and 4 hours of 500; Mathematics 161, 162; Physics 111 and 112 for a total 
of 65 hours. 

Courses in Chemistry 

101. Chemistry as Science and Technology. A 

semi-quantitative presentation of the basic concepts 
of ctiemistry designed to give the student some under- 
standing of the role of chemistry as science and tech- 
nology in society today and tomorrow.,? credits. 

102. Chemistry, The Individual, and Society. The 
course will attempt to show the relationship of chem- 
istry to other disciplines, as well as to government and 
politics. A problem or question would be presented, 
and facts and information from pertinent disciplines 
brought to bear to enable the students to reach a ra- 
tional solution. 3 credits. 

103. 104. Experimental Chemistry. Laboratory 
course to accompany 101 and 102 respectively. Pre- 
requisite or corequisite: Cher7iistry 101 and /or 102. 
1 credit per semester. 

Ill, 112. Principles of Chemistry I, II. A syste 
matic study of the fundamental principles and con- 
cepts of chemistry 4 credits per seryiester. 

113, 114. Introductory Laboratory Investiga- 
tions I, II. Laboratory courses to accompany 1 1 1 and 
112 respectively. Prerequisite or corequisite: Chem- 
istry 111 and/or 112. 1 credit per semester. 
115H. The Philosophical Development of the 
Structure of Matter. A quantitative presentation of 
the atomic theory of matter designed to introduce the 
student to scientific methodology with emphasis on 
historical development and philosophical attitudes. 
Prerequisite: Permission of the staff. 3 credits. 
200. Special Topics. Designed tor those students 
who have a special need for a laboratory, lecture, 
and/or reading e.xperience involving content and/or 
approach significantly different from the course offer- 
ings of the department. Open to any student with per- 
mission of staff of the department. 7-5 credits. 
216. Laboratory Investigations I. Investigations 
of methods of synthesis and analysis of organic com- 
pounds including some physical-organic studies. Pre- 
requisite: Chemistry 213. Corequisite: Chemistry 
214. lor 2 credits. 

311, 312. Physical Chemistry I, IL A course in the 
physical theories of matter and their applications to 
systems of variable composition. Prerequisites: 

Chemistry 214. ."^lathematics 162. arid Physics 112. 
3 credits per semester. 

314. Instrumental Analysis. A consideration of the 
use of instrumental analytical methods including 
spectrophotometric, electroanalytical. coulometry, and 
polargraphy Prca'(/'"'''''-'-'>' Chemistry 311 and 319. 
Corequisite: Chemistry 312. 3 credits. 

315, 316. Laboratory Investigations II, IIL Use 
of instrumental techniques for investigating chemical 
systems. Prerequisites: Chemistry 214 arid 216. Co- 
requisites: Chemistry 311. 312. 1 credit per semester. 
319. Chemical Equilibria. A rigorous mathemati- 
cal description of the role of a chemical equilibrium in 
chemical systems emphasizing reactions involving 
ionic substances and using modern analytical meth- 
ods. Prfrei/u/.s/tes-; Chemistry 214 and 216. 4 credits. 
321, 322. Laboratory Investigations IV, V, 
Physical-chemical investigations of chemical sys- 
tems. Corc(7i/is;7i?; Chemistry 311 or 312. 1 credit per 

Chemistry 55 

411, 412. Advanced Inorganic Chemistry I, II. 

An advanced course applying theoretical principles to 
ttie understanding of the descriptive chemistry of the 
elements. Prerequisite: Chemistry 312. 3 credits per 

413. Advanced Analytical Chemistry. A study of 
advanced topics in analytical chemistry. Prerequi- 
sites: Chemistry 312 and 314. 3 credits. 

414. Advanced Organic Chemistry. A considera- 
tion of the structure of organic compounds and the 
mechanisms of homogeneous organic reactions. Pre- 
requisites: Chemistry 214. 216. and 312. 3 credits. 
213,214. Organic Chemistry I, II. An introduction 
to the structure, nomenclature, and properties of the 
major classes of organic compounds with emphasis on 
the principles and reaction mechanisms describing 
their behavior. Prcri?(/(/M;Ye; Chemistry 112. 4 credits 
first semester. 3 credits second semester. 
421,422. Biochemistry I, II. A course in the physi- 
cal and organic aspects of living systems. Prerequi- 
sites: Chemistry 214, 216, and 312 or approval of the 
departmental chairman. 3 credits per semester 

425. Qualitative Organic Analysis. Presentation of 
the principles and methods of organic analysis. Pre- 
requisites: Chemistry 214 and 216. 2 credits. 

426. Advanced Physical Chemistry. A presentation 

of advanced topics in chemistry from such areas as 
quantum mechanics, thermodynamics, and kinetics. 
Prerequisite: Chemistry 312. 3 credits. 
430. Biochemistry Laboratory. Investigations of 
the properties of proteins, nucleic acids, carbohy- 
drates, and hpids. Prerequisites: Chemistry 214 and 
216. 1 credit. 

480. Biochemistry Seminar. Readings, discussions, 
and reports on special topics in biochemistry, i credit. 
490. Internship. Supervised chemistry laboratory 
experience in an industry, government agency, or hos- 
pital. Participants will be selected by members of the 
department. Prerequisites: Chemistry 312 and 322. 
1-6 credits. 

500. Independent Study. Intensive library and lab- 
oratory study of special interest to advanced students 
in the major areas of chemistry. For students majoring 
in biochemistry, intensive library and laboratory study 
of relevant research problems in the area of biochem- 
istry. For students preparing for secondary school 
teaching, the emphasis is placed on methods of teach- 
ing chemistry. Prerequisites: Chemistry 311, 312, 
and the consent of the chairman of the department. 2 
or 3 credits per semester. (Maximum of 9 for students 
in honors program). 




Miss Burras 


(See Mathematical Sciences) 

Courses in computer programming are offered for the student who may need to use the 
college PDP 11/40 computer in courses in business, mathematics and the sciences. 

Courses in Computer Programming 
110. Introduction to Timesharing. 5 weeks. An 

introduction to timesharing and language concepts 
with an emphasis on the use of the LVC PDP 11/40 
computer system. A/b credit. 
150. BASIC-PLUS Programming. 10 weeks. A 

study of the BASIC-PLUS language to include strings, 
matrices and functions as well as traditional algo- 
rithms demonstrating search and sort techniques. Prc- 
requisite: Computer Programming 110 or permis- 
sion of the instructor. 1 credit. 
170. Computers and Programming. An introduc- 
tion to the techniques of computer programming and 
to the designs, uses, capabilities, and implications of 
computers. 5 creA'/s. Note: Fortran IV is available but 
will not be taught in these courses. Students who have 
taken CP 150 will receive only two semester hours of 
credit for CP 1 70. 

In keeping with the aim of the college, the Department of Economics and Business 
Administration's program of study is designed to provide majors in accounting, business 
administration, and economics with a broad liberal education, so that graduates of the 
department will play a more active role in the changing world of ideas and actions, 
coupled with a sound and integrated knowledge of the essential principles and problems 
of accounting, business administration and economics. 

Regardless of major, a set of core courses is required for all, so that everyone will have 
a common framework of reference as well as common tools of analysis to pursue special 
interests within their particular major. The department offers three majors: accounting— a 
tool for summarizing and analyzing business performance and making practical man- 
agement decisions; business administration— a study to prepare for making manage- 
ment decisions and to gain an understanding of contemporary business practices; and 
economics— a theoretical and empirical study of the economic well-being of mankind 
and society in terms of stable growth in real income, full employment, and optimum 
allocation of resources. 

Classroom experience is supplemented by various major-related activities including 
an annual field trip for departmental upperclassmen to New York and Washington finan- 
cial and business centers; internships for qualified upperclassmen in local business and 
industry; and special projects involving both primary and secondary research methods as 
well as computer assisted instruction. 

Majors in accounting can look forward to professions in the areas of auditing, taxes, 
government, banking, financial analysis, corporate accounting, not-for-profit accounting, 
teaching, consulting, and systems analysis. 

Majors in business administration may seek employment in consulting, retailing, 
productive management, government, wholesale and distribution, advertising, transpor- 
tation, and teaching. 

Majors in economics anticipate careers in government, banking, public utilities, 
teaching, and industry. 

A number of graduates of all three majors attend graduate and professional schools, 
and work in a variety of businesses and industry including Aetna Life Insurance, DuPont, 
Reliance Insurance, and AMP, Inc. Other students work for a number of small accounting 
firms, banks, family-owned businesses or are self-employed. 

Degree: B.S. degree with a major in accounting or business administration or eco- 

Major Accounting 151; Business Administration 180; Economics 110, 120, 201, and 
222; the seminar course (490) in the major field, plus 15 additional credit hours (6 in the 
student's major), for a minimum of 36 hours. 

and Busi- 
ness Admin- 


Judge Gates (Adj.) 

Dr. Heffner 

Dr. Knight 

Mr. Sanders 

Mr. Sniegocki (Adj.| 

Mr. Stone 

Dr. Tom 

Mr. Wfeaver (Adj.l 

Courses in Accounting 

151. Principles of Financial Accounting. A begin- 
ning course in accounting. Common business transac- 
tions are recorded in various journals and summarized 
in general and subsidiary ledgers. The effects of these 

transactions are reported in classified financial state- 
ments. J credfYs. 

152. Principles of Managerial Accounting. Em- 
phasis is placed on the accumulation and analysis of 
financial data for management purposes. Prerequi- 
site: Accounting 151. 3 credits. 

Econ. & Bus. Ad. 57 

58 Econ. & Bus. Ad. 

251. Intermediate Accounting I. An advanced 
course in accounting principles stressing statement 
presentation and valuation problems in presenting as- 
sets, liabilities, and stockholder's equity on the state- 
ments. Prt'rt?(;(/i.s;7(?:.4ccoi/;;/;>i(7 152. Scredits. 

252. Intermediate Accounting II. Emphasis is 
placed on the analysis of financial statements, effects 
of error on statements, preparation of funds flow state- 
ments, and price level adjustments. Prerequisite: Ac- 
counting 251. 3 credits. 

351. Advanced Accounting. Includes a study of 
partnerships, installment sales, consignment sales, 
home branch office relationships, business combina- 
tions, special problems of consolidations, foreign sub- 
sidiaries and branches, and fiduciary accounting. Pre- 
requisite: .Accounting 252. 3 credits. 

352. Government and Non-Profit Accounting. 
Basic concepts of fund and budgetary accounting used 
to account for the financial activities of federal, state, 
and local governmental units and systems for achiev- 
ing accounting and administrative controls for service 
organizations, such as hospitals, educational institu- 
tions, and other non-profit organizations. Prerequi- 
site: .Accounting 152. 3 credits. 

400. Internship. Field experience in a business, gov- 
ernment or other organization in some area of ac- 
counting. Ordinarily a few juniors will be chosen for 
the available internships by the departmental faculty. 
3-9 credits. 

452. Income T^x Accounting. Analysis of the fed- 
eral income ta.x law and its applications to individuals, 
partnerships, fiduciaries, corporations; case problems, 
preparation of returns. Prerequisite: .Accounting 152, 
or consent of instructor. 3 credits. 

454. Advanced Cost and Managerial Accounting. 
Emphasis is placed on costing for planning and con- 
trol, including cost-volume-profit analysis, budgeting, 
capital budgeting, inventory control, standard cost- 
ing, and the concept of relevant costs. Prerequisite: 
.Accounting 152. 3 credits. 

455. Auditing. Involves a study of professional ethics 
and legal responsibilities of public accountants, gen- 
erally accepted accounting principles, and auditing 
procedures. Prerequisite: .Accounting 252. 3 credits. 

490. Seminar and Special Problems. A capstone 
course involving a computer simulation that inte- 
grates the concepts of accounting, economics, and 
business administration. Financial statement prepa- 
ration is an essential segment of the course. Required 
of all accounting majors. Prerequisites: Business .Ad- 
ministration 361; .Accounting 252. 3 credits. 

500. Independent Study. A course designed for stu- 
dents in the departmental honors program and other 
qualified students who wish to undertake the indepen- 
dent study in a specific area of accounting, i-6 crecf;Ys 
IMa.ximum of 9). 

Courses in Business Administration 

100. Introduction to Business. An orientation to 
the nature and environment of business, its structure, 
organization, functions and opportunities. Provides 
an integrated framework for further study in account- 
ing, finance, marketing, and management. (Not open 
to Sin\ori.]3 credits. 

180. Principles of Management. A study of the pro- 
cess of utilizing and coordinating all available re- 
sources in order to achieve the objectives of a business, 
governmental, educational, social, or religious orga- 
nization. Includes discussions and cases on decision- 
making, planning, organizing, staffing, motivation, 
leadership, control, and communication. J crerf/7s, 

350. Behavioral Theory in Management. A de- 
tailed study of organizational behavior theories and 
models with an emphasis upon the practical applica- 
tion of these models toward improving individual, 
group and organizational performance. J? crec/zY.';. 

361. Corporation Finance. A study of financial 
management covering analysis of asset, liability and 
capital relationships and operations; management of 
current assets, working capital, cash, liquid assets, 
receivables, inventory; capital planning and budget- 
ing; capital structure and dividend policy; short and 
intermediate term financing; long term financing, ex- 
ternal and internal; mergers and acquisitions; multi- 
national operations; and corporate failures and liqui- 
dation. Prerequisite: .Accounting 152. 3 credits. 

362. Investments. Development and role of invest- 
ment and its relation to other economic, legal, and 
social institutions. Includes discussion on investment 
principles, machinery, policy, and management; types 
of investment, and the development of portfolios for 
individuals and institutions. Prerequisite: Business 
.Administration 361. 3 credits. 

371/372. Business Law I, II. Elementary principles 
of law as they relate to the field of business. Contracts, 
agency, employment, commercial paper, personal 
property, sales, security, devices, insurance, partner- 
ships, corporation, real estate, estates, bankruptcy, 
and government regulations are discussed. 3 credits 
per semester 

382. Marketing. A study of the marketing system 
within an economy in terms of an efficient use of re- 
sources and the distribution from producers to con- 
sumers according to the objectives of the society; per- 
formance of business activities to direct the flow of 
goods and services to satisfy customer needs. Includes 
market research, product development, packaging, 
distribution, promotional activities, sales manage- 
ment, and price policy. To bridge the gap between the 
understanding and the application of marketing prin- 
ciples, students are required to prepare and discuss a 
number of cases pertaining to some specific areas of 
marketing. Prerequisites: Economics 201 and Busi- 
ness Administration 180. 3 credits. 

390. Internship. Field experience in a business, gov- 
ernment or other organization in some area of business 
administration. Ordinarily, a lew juniors will be cho- 
sen lor the available internships by the departmental 
lacuHy. 3-9 credits. 

450. Business Strategy. A capstone course to enable 
the mature student to interpret business policies and 
strategies in light of the larger environment and de- 
mands of profitability, social responsibility and indi- 
vidual rights as required in the successful management 
of a company, institution or organization. 3 credits. 

490. Seminar and Special Problems. Reading, dis- 
cussion, and research in business administration under 
the direction and supervision of the departmental 
staff. Required of all business administration majors. 
Prerequisite: Business .Administration 361 or Ac- 
counting 351. 3 credits per semester (Maximum of 9). 
500. Independent Study. A course designed for stu 
dents in the departmental honors program and other 
qualified students who wish to undertake independent 
study in a specific area of business administration. 1-6 
credits per semester. (Maximum of 9). 

Courses in Economics 

Economics 110 and 120 are prerequisites for all 
courses of a higher number in this section. 
110. Principles of Economics I. An introductory 
study in economic principles and the American econ- 
omy with emphasis on the elementary concepts of na- 
tional income, price level, business fluctuations, bank- 
ing activities, money supply, and economic growth. J 

120. Principles of Economics II. An introductory 
study in economic principles and the American econ- 
omy with emphasis on the elementary concepts of con- 
sumption function, production function, product pric- 
ing, factor pricing, resource allocation, labor 
economics, public finance, and international econom- 
ics. J credits. 

130. Economics of Public Issues. A survey and eco- 
nomic analysis of public issues. 3 credits. 
201. Microeconomic Analysis. Economic decision- 
making of firms and resource allocation of an economy, 
a core course studying tools of analysis for students in 
economics, business, accounting, and related areas or 
disciplines. 3 credits. 

203. Macroeconomic Analysis. Theoretical and 
empirical study of national income and business cycles. 
3 credits. 

222. Quantitative Methods. Development and ap- 
plication of mathematical concepts and statistical 
methods to the analysis of theory, and the resolution 
of problems, in economics and business administra- 
tion. Prerei/u/s/te- iVfarti?nja//cs 7 70. 3 credits. 

301. Labor Economics and Industrial Relations. 

Theoretical analysis of labor market functioning, in- 
cluding impact of unionism, government policy, de- 
mographic trends, etc.; human capital theory; mea- 
surement of the labor force and data sources; history of 
the American labor movement; U.S. legislation affect- 
ing industrial relations; collective bargaining process 
and the system of industrial jurisprudence. Pn?n?</u/- 
site: Econotijics 201 or permission of the instructor. 3 

312. Money and Banking. Nature and functions of 
money and credit. Development and role of commer- 
cial banking and central banking. Structure and func- 
tions of the Federal Reserve System. .Monetary and 
banking theory, policy, and practice. Influence on prices, 
level of income and employment and economic stabil- 
ity and progress. 3 credits. 

321. Public Finance. Revenues and e.xpenditures and 
economic functioning of the federal, state, and local 
governments; principles of taxation— shifting, inci- 
dence, and burden; influence on incentives, income dis- 
tribution, and resource allocation; economic and so- 
cial aspects of public spending; budgetary control and 
debt management; fiscal policy and economic stabil- 
ity. .3 credits. 

332. International Economics. .A study of theories 
and empirical analysis of international trade; capital 
movement; mechanism for attaining equilibrium; eco- 
nomic policies such as tariff, quota, monetary stan- 
dards and exchange rate, state trading, cartel, and 
other international economic agreements. ,3 credits. 

400. Internship. Field e.xperience in a business, gov- 
ernment or other organization in some area of econom- 
ics. Ordinarily, a few juniors will be chosen for the 
available internships by the departmental faculty. 5-9 

401. History of Economic Thought. The evolution 
of economic thought through the principal schools 
from mercantilism to the present. Attention will be 
given to the analysis of the various theories of value, 
wages, interest, rent, profit, price level, business cycles, 
and employment, and to the influences of earlier eco- 
nomic ideas upon current thinking and policy-making, 
3 credits. 

Econ. & Bus. Ad. 59 

411. Economic Growth and Development. Analy- 
sis of classical and modern theories and models of 
economic growth; study of theory and implications of 
alternative development policies. 3 credits. 
490. Seminar and Special Problems. Reading, dis- 
cussion, and research in economics under the direction 
and supervision of the departmental staff. Required of 

all economics majors. Prerequisite: Economics 201 
or 202. 3 credits per semester. (Maximum of 9). 
500. Independent Study. A course designed for stu- 
dents in the departmental honors program and other 
qualified students who wish to undertake independent 
study in a specific area of economics. 1-6 credits per 
semester. (Maximum of 9). 

Education elementary education 


Dr. Albrecht 

Dr. Ebersole (Chmn.) 

Dr. Grella 

Mrs. Herr (Adj.) 

Dr. Jacques 

60 Education 

Students who may be concerned about ttie oversupply of elementary school teachers 
should be aware that there is always a demand for well-trained and conscientious teach- 
ers. The high school graduate who enjoys working wth children should be encouraged to 
participate in Lebanon Valley Colleges teacher training program which includes train- 
ing in all phases of teaching, and sufficient individualized attention to each student fori 
realizing his full potential. The elementary education program is field-centered. Students " 
have opportunities both voluntarily and required to work with children in schools 
throughout their college years. J 

As a freshman, a student will spend two hours a week observing and assisting in an 
elementary school. As a sophomore, a student gives two volunteer hours a week in 
assistance in an elementary classroom. In a student s junior year, one hour per week is 
spent tutoring a child or a small group of children in reading, as partial requirements for 
the teaching of reading course. Two volunteer hours per week of the junior year are spent 
in assignment as a student aid. Also during the junior year and during the summer 
following the junior year, a student may qualify for an independent study internship with 
a local Mental Health— Mental Retardation center. During the senior year, the first 
semester is spent in full-time student teaching. The second semester provides opportu- 
nities to work with nursery school children and with classes for exceptional children. 

In the student teaching semester, the careful selection of the cooperating teacher is 
crucial. Every attempt is made to match the student teacher with a cooperating teacher 
who is compatible in personality, philosophy, and goals of education. The teacher edu- 
cation program emphasizes the developmental process of the whole student in prepara- 
tion for teaching the whole child. 


The departmental honors program in elementary educaton permits the capable stu- 
dent to increase the depth of his understanding in an area of special interest and the 
general scope of his knowledge of elementary education. It is planned as an integral part 
of the student's major program rather than work superimposed upon it. 

A student majoring in elementary education may participate in the departmental 
honors program when he completes the freshman-sophomore college honors program or 
when he demonstrates in his academic work the caliber of scholarship required to 
undertake an extensive research project. He must also have achieved a 3.3 grade-point 
average in departmental courses and a 3.0 grade-point average in all college courses. 

Application is made in writing to the chairman of the department not later than the end 
of the first semester of the junior year. Approval of the application must be given by the 
dean of the faculty upon recommendation by the department staff. 

Degree: B.S. degree with a major in elementary education. 

Major Elementary Education 220, 270, 332, 341, 344, 361/362, 440, 444; Art 401; 
Education 342; Geography 111; one of the following: History 111, 112, 125, 126; Psy- 
chology 321, for a total of 51 hours. 

Courses in Elementary Education 

220. Music in the Elementary School. Fundamen- 
tals of music, varied approaches for developing con- 
ceptual learning, movement, playing classroom in- 
struments, introduction of Orff and Kodaly techniques, 
creative applications, guided listening, the child voice, 
materials for use in interest centers in elementary 
school, beginning with early childhood. 3 crerf;/s. 
250. Mathematics for the Elementary Grades. An 
introduction to the fundamental concepts of mathe- 
matics taught in early childhood, elementary and mid- 
dle school. 3 credits. 

260. Principles and Practices in Early Child- 
hood Education. Study of three differing types of 
early childhood programs — Montessori. Piaget and 
Open Classroom— including their theories, materials, 
curricula and methods. Course will include field expe- 
rience in local programs, and preparation of a prepared 
plan for teaching in one type of program. 3 credits. 
270. Children's Literature. A study of the literature 
of childhood, including early childhood. Attention is 
given to children's reading interests, criteria and aids 
in selecting materials, a survey of the development of 
children's literature, and the art of storytelling. 3 

332. The Physical Sciences in the Elementary 
School. Appropriate teaching methods and materials 
in math and science and their application in the early 
childhood and elementary school classroom. Prereq- 
uisites: Elementary Education 250 and one year of a 
laboratory science. 3 credits. 

341/342. Teaching of Reading I, II. A study of the 
problems and procedures of instruction in the devel- 
opment of basic reading skills from the readiness pro- 
grams of Early Childhood Education to the more com- 
prehensive techniques required for the teaching of 
reading in the elementary and middle schools. Effec- 
tive reading programs, teaching and learning materi- 
als, and research studies in this field are investigated 
and evaluated per semester. Prerequisite: Elemen- 
tary Education 270. 3 credits. 

344. Health and Safety Education. The course in- 
cludes a study of basic health and safety practices and 
procedures as applied to the elementary school, a pro- 
gram of physical education for elementary school chil- 
dren, an American Red Cross-approved program of 
first aid, and an evaluation of sources and use of ma- 
terials. Prerequisites: Education 110: Psychology 
220. 3 credits. 

361/362. Communications and Croup Processes 
in the Elementary School I, II. Deals with the fun- 
damentals for language growth in areas of oral and 
written expression, beginning with early childhood. 
Planned to assist teachers in helping children com- 
municate effectively and responsibly in a creative man- 
ner, in growing toward self understanding, and in de- 
veloping satisfying interpersonal relationships. The 
use of varied group processes in multifaceted settings 
is emphasized. 3 credits per semester. 
440. Student Teaching. Each student spends an en- 
tire semester in a classroom of an area public school 
under the supervision of a carefully selected cooper- 
ating teacher. Open to seniors only. A cumulative 
grade-point average of 2.0 during the first six semes- 
ters in college is required. Prerequisites: Education 
110: Psychology 220: Elementary Education 270, 
332. 341/342. and361/362. 12credits. 
444. Senior Seminar. Special topics related to per- 
tinent problems in student teaching or to further 
professional growth in the profession are researched. 3 

500. Independent Study. A course designed for the 
student who desires to engage in independent study 
whether enrolled in the departmental honors program 
or not.i-3 credits per semester. (Maximum of 9). 

Education 61 


There is no separate major for those interested in secondary education. Interested 
students major in a subject area and also enroll for courses in the Education Department. 
This program is designed to meet the requirements for teacher certification in Pennsyl- 
vania and neighboring states. 

Those students desiring teacher certification must complete a minimum of 18 credits 
in professional courses together with the approved program in the subject field to be 
taught. Education 110 serves as an introduction to the secondary classroom, with each 
student being assigned to work as a student aide in a nearby secondary school. 

During the senior year one semester is designated as a professional semester. The 
student enrolls in the following courses: 

Ed. 420: Human Growth and Development. 

Ed. 430: Practicum and Methods (English 431 for English majors) 

Ed. 440: Student Teaching. 

The student teaching is done in a nearby secondary school throughout the entire 
semester. Each student teacher is under the direct supervision of a selected experienced 
teacher and the guidance of faculty responsible for teacher education. 

Prerequisites for student teaching include: 

a. A grade point average of at least 2.0 in the major field. 

b. Completionof Education 110. 

c. Completion of methods in the major field. 

d. Approval of the major advisor and the director of secondary student teaching. 

A student may also return to the college following graduation to complete an approved 
program of teacher certification. 

62 Education 

Courses in Education 

110. Foundations of Education. A study is made of 
the social, historical and philosophical foundations of 
.American education correlated with a survey of the 
principles and theories of noted educational leaders 
who have influenced educational practices today. 3 

331. Educational Measurements. A study of the 
principles of validity and reliability appraisal and con- 
struction of test items and consideration of the uses of 
test results. Recommended elective in elementary and 
secondary fields. Prerequisite: Psychology 110. 3 

342. Reading Improvement. An advanced course in 
reading giving special attention to diagnosis, readi- 
ness, correction, and remediation in reading. Atten- 
tion will be focused on current research findings. In- 
struments and guidelines for effective diagnostic 
teaching will be examined and evaluated. Open only 

to junior or senior students enrolled in the elementary 
and secondary programs. 3 credits. 
346. Educational Technology and Instructional 
Media. Some psychological bases of technological 
teaching devices and media are examined, types of 
media and equipment studied and appraised, and ap- 
plications and uses are explored. 3 credits. 
423. An Introduction to Guidance. The history, 
philosophy, and development of public school guid- 
ance, and the procedures and instruments used by the 
teacher. Prerequisite: Education 110. 3 credits. 
442. The Education of the Exceptional Child. A 
general view of the practices and programs for the 
education of exceptional children and youth beginning 
with early childhood. The study includes children with 
physical, mental, and emotional handicaps, and gifted 
children. Field work in special classes provides first- 
hand experience. Prerequisites: Education 110. Psy- 
ctiology 110. 3 credits. 

Courses in Secondary Education 

420. Human Growth and Development. This course 
deals with the practical application of principles of 
psychology and human learning to secondary school 
teaching. Required of all seniors in secondary educa- 
tion. Pri?rt'i/t//.s;7e;£'c?uca/(or7 110. 3 credits. 

430. Practicum and Methods. This course is de- 
signed to acquaint the students with some basic be- 
haviors and methods in the classroom that will help 
the prospective teacher in any subject area. Students 
work independently on the problems related to their 
major areas and teaching reading in their particular 
fields. This course is required of all seniors in second- 

ary education, except English majors who will take 
English i31. Prerequisite: Education 110. 3 credits. 
440. Student Teaching. Each student spends one se- 
mester in a classroom at an area school under the su- 
pervision of a carefully selected cooperating teacher. 
Open to seniors only. Requirements are: (1) a cumula- 
tive grade-point average of 2.0 during the first six se- 
mesters in college. (2) the written recommendation of 
the major adviser, (3) the approval of the director of 
secondary student teaching, and (4| the approval of 
the dean of the idtcuMy. Prerequisites: Education 110, 
420; Education 430 or English 431. 9 credits. 

In the cooperative 3-2 Engineering Program a student may earn a B.S. degree from 
Lebanon Valley College and a B.S. degree in one of the fields of engineering from the 
University of Pennsylvania or other cooperating institution. Students who pursue this 
cooperative engineering program take three years of work at Lebanon Valley and then, if 
recommended by the college, they may attend the University of Pennsylvania for two 
additional years of work in engineering. After the satisfactory completion of the fourth 
year of the program, LVC grants the B.S. degree with a major in one of the areas of 
science or mathematics. At the completion of the fifth year, the University grants the 
appropriate engineering degree. 

Requirements: Required courses at Lebanon Valley College in the 3-2 program 
include Mathematics 161, 162, 261, 266, and 242; Physics 111, 112, 211; Chemistry 111; 
Eleven courses in'humanities and social sciences. 

Additional courses in physics, mathematics, chemistry and biology appropriate for 
the particular area of engineering are chosen in planning the total program to meet the 
particular needs of an individual student. For mechanical, civil, and electrical engineer- 
ing. Physics 311, 312, 321 and 322 are among the needed courses. 

In the cooperative 4- 1 program, in which Lebanon Valley cooperates with the Univer- 
sity of Pennsylvania, the student completes his four-year baccalaureate degree with a 
major in biology, chemistry, mathematics, or physics at Lebanon Valley College, and 
then moves into an engineering curriculum at the University of Pennsylvania which leads 
to the Master of Science degree in a field of engineering. An adviser from the University 
is assigned to the student during his senior year at Lebanon Valley College to provide for 
a smooth transition to graduate study. It is then possible for the student to earn his 
Masters degree in a year plus a summer of work in the engineering school. 

At the University of Pennsylvania the student may select from among eight different 
engineering fields — bioengineering, chemical engineering, civil and urban engineering, 
computer science and engineering, electrical engineering and science, mechanical en- 
gineering and applied mechanics, metallurgy and materials science, and systems science 
and engineering. 


Dr. Rhodes 

Engineering 63 

p^H^joli The English major traditionally introduces students to the humanistic study of liter- 

^^ ature and thus to the noblest expressions of the human condition and the finest examples 

of esthetic accomplishment. The English Department recognizes that an English major 

Faculty: ^jjq should prepare a student to enter the job market, and furthermore, that a major in 

^'''^u-^^ English can do this particularly well. 

Dr. Ford (Chmnj First, the graduate in English has learned to express himself clearly, coherently, and 

Dr. Kearney concisely Second, an English major who has worked through the intricacies of a 

"or^Markowkz Shakespearean play, who has written a paper on Puritan poetics, or who has organized 

Dr. o'Donneii an Oral panel presentation has learned to gather data, organize it, and present it effec- 

Dr.Struble(Adj.) tively 

Mr. Woods ^^ Lebanon Valley College the individualized English major program allows students 

to concentrate on developing communication skills through courses such as oral com- 
munication, journalism, and technical writing and through our developing intern pro- 
grams. Furthermore, our flexible major program allows each student to add work from 
other departments easily and coherently 

The program for English majors also allows flexibility for a student to study on his 
own, or to participate in career related activities for credit. The independent study 
program encourages self-study on subjects from theater to creative writing. Internships 
offer on the job experience. 

Graduates of the Department of English can look forward to employment in a number 
of areas including teaching of all levels, graduate work, college administration, editing, 
public relations and the media, book publishing, business and government. 

Graduate schools represented by Lebanon Valley College English Department gradu- 
ates include the University of Pennsylvania, Penn State University, Michigan State, 
William & Mary, EJoston College, Northeastern and Cambridge University (England) to 
name a few. 


Students who are majoring in English may become candidates for departmental hon- 
ors if they have a grade-point average of 3.0 in courses in English, and if they receive 
permission from the chairman of the department and the dean of the faculty, ordinarily 
no later than the end of the first semester of their junior year. 

The specific program for each student accepted for the departmental honors program 
will be worked out by that student in consultation with the chairman of the department. 

Degree: B.A. degree with a major in English. 

Major: Each English major devises, with an adviser, a major program reflecting the 
major's vocational goals and allowing the student to demonstrate mastery of grammati- 
cal skills and writing conventions, to be broadly knowledgeable about major authors, 
trends and issues in Western literature, to display a deeper knowledge of authors, works, 
and literary subjects, to have a fundamental knowledge of the historical development 
and present character of the English language and (for secondary education majors) to 
64 English have a working knowledge of at least two grammars. 

Courses in English 

111/112. English Composition 1, 11. Both semes 
ters concentrate on developing basic skills of compo- 
sition. 3 credits per semester. 

211/212. Word Study I, II. This course has a two- 
fold purpose: (1) to give the student some insight into 
linguistic processes, particularly as they pertain to the 
growth of the English vocabulary; and (2) to increase 
the range of the student's vocabulary. 1 credit per se- 

215. Writing Workshop. Practice and instruction in 
sound principles of composition with the student 
choosing the type of writing he or she wishes to pur- 
sue; e.g., journalistic, technical, scientific or general 
expository writing. 3 credits. 

218. Oral Communication. This course is designed 
to establish basic concepts, understandings, and atti- 
tudes concerning the nature and importance of oral 
communication and to provide experience in speaking 
and in competent criticism of these activities. 3 

221/222. American Literature I, II. First semes- 
ter: a survey of American literature from the begin- 
nings to the Civil War. Second semester: a survey of 
American literature from the Civil War to the present 
day 3 credits per semester. 

223. Creative Writing. This course alternates be- 
tween the writing of fiction and the writing of poetry 
3 credits. 
225/226. Survey of English Literature I, II. A 

study of English literature from the beginnings to our 
own time, viewed in perspective against the back- 
ground of English life and thought. 3 credits per se- 

227/228. World Literature I, II. While the organi 
zation of this course is basically chronological, the 
emphasis is thematic: major ideas of western thought 
are traced through important literary works from the 
ancient Greeks to the moderns. 3 credits per semester. 
250-299. Studies in Literary Contexts. This se 
quence of courses, several of which are offered any one 
year, examines literary works within the larger con- 
texts of social and intellectual concerns. 3 credits per 

321/322. Shakespeare I, II. A survey of English 
drama from its beginnings to and including Shake- 
speare: (a) a study of Shakespeare's history plays and 
their place in the Elizabethan world, and an analysis 
of early Shakespearean comedy; (b) a study of Shake- 
speare's major tragedies, the problem comedies, and 
the late romantic comedies. 3 credits per semester. 

331. History of the English Language. Historical 
study of English sounds, grammatical forms, and vo- 
cabulary; and brief survey of standards of correctness 
and current usage. 3 credits. 

332. Chaucer. Intended to give the student a reason- 
able familiarity with Chaucer and other medieval au- 
thors, and to develop skill in the reading of Middle 
English. 3 credits. 

334. Modern Grammars. A review of traditional 
grammar and an introduction to recent concepts in 
grammar resulting from developments in structural 
Mnguisiics. Prerequisite: English 331. 3 credits. 

337. The Novel. A study of the development of the 
novel in England from Richardson to ioyce. 3 credits. 

338. Contemporary Drama. A survey-workshop of 
Continental, British, and American drama from Ibsen 
to the present. 5 cr<?d//5. 

339. History of the Theater. A selection of Western 
and some Oriental dramas from Aeschylus to Ibsen 
presented historically with attention to theater modes 
and techniques. 3 creAYs. 

344. Theater Workshop. The elements of theater 
art oriented toward stage presentation, with class- 
room practice in production of scenes and whole plays. 
3 credits. 
390. Internship, i 9 credits. 

431. The Teaching of English in Secondary 
Schools. Concerned primarily with the role of the En- 
glish teacher in the secondary schools. Attention may 
be given to the teaching of composition, mechanics, 
speech, and literary forms. Sessions on recent research 
in the field of English, resource materials, mass media, 
and teaching techniques will be included. 5 cred(/s. 

440. Special Problems. Offered according to inter- 
ests of students and staff. This course will rotate 
among faculty members, the content of the course to 
be determined by the instructor with the advice of the 
department and consent of the chairman and the dean 
of the faculty. Prerequisite: consent of the instructor. 
3 credits. 

444. Seminar in English. This capstone course for 
English majors varies in content depending on the in- 
terests of the instructor. 3 credits. 

500. Independent Study. For the student who de- 
sires to engage in a project of independent work whether 
enrolled in the departmental honors program or 
not.Prerequisite: consent of the instructor 1-3 credits 
per semester. (Maximum of 9). 

English 65 

Foreign Lan- 


Mr. Doreste 

Ms. Guerrette 

Dr. Iglesias(Chmn.) 

Mrs. Savior (Adj.) 

Dr. Scott 

Miss Strange 

The study of a modern foreign language has a three-fold aim. The first is to develop 
fluency in the basic communication skills— speaking, listening comprehension, reading 
and writing. The second is to provide a direct understanding and appreciation of the 
literature, civilization and cultural heritage of the people whose language is studied. 
The third aim is to develop an understanding of language as the fundamental medium in 
which mankind thinks, perceives and interacts. 

The department prepares the language major for a career in a variety of challenging 
fields: teaching, diplomatic and government service, foreign trade, business and industry, 
and social service. Since knowledge of a foreign language alone is often insufficient for 
many of these careers, the language major should, as appropriate, combine study of 
foreign languages with work in other disciplines. 

Lebanon Valley College encourages language majors to spend some time studying in 
the country of their language. To facilitate study abroad, Lebanon Valley College has 
become a cooperating member of the International Studies Program of Central College, 
Pella, Iowa. This program provides for 6 to 12 months of study in France, Germany and 
Austria, or Spain. 


Students who are majoring in foreign languages may become candidates for depart- 
mental honors if they have a grade-point average of 3.0 in departmental courses, and if 
they receive permission from the departmental staff and the dean of the faculty, ordinarily 
no later then the end of the first semester of their junior year. 

Honors work will involve the selection of a topic for investigation under the guidance 
of the departmental adviser, independent reading and study, frequent conferences with 
the adviser, preparation of a paper to be submitted by March 15 of the senior year, 
satisfactory defense of the paper before a committee composed of the departmental staff, 
the dean of the faculty, and any other faculty members who may be invited to participate, 
and, finally, an oral examination in the language of major concentration. If these require- 
ments are satisfied, the student will be graduated with honors in the major language. 

Degree: For the student who majors in foreign languages, French, German or Spanish, 
the B.A. degree is offered. 

Major: A student may elect to major in one foreign language or in Foreign Languages. 
A major in one language requires Foreign Languages 252 and 24 hours above the 
intermediate level in the language studied. A major in Foreign Languages has the same 
requirements plus a minimum of 12 hours above the intermediate level in a second 
language. If a certificate to teach is desired. Foreign Languages 440 is also required. 
Beyond the intermediate level, French, German and Spanish courses are conducted in 
the language studied. 

66 Foreign Lang. 

Courses in Foreign Languages 

252. Introduction to Linguistics. An introductory 

study of language as a communication system, de- 
signed for the major and non-major alike and taught 
entirely in English. 3 credits. 

225H/226H. Contemporary European Litera- 
ture I, IL Reading, in translation, of works selected 
to represent important authors and trends in contem- 
porary European litenlure. 3 credits per semester 

440. Methods in Teaching Foreign Languages. A 

comprehensive study of modern methods of foreign 
language teaching in secondary schools with emphasis 
on teaching basic skills. Prerequisite: French, Ger- 
man or Spanish 116 or equivalent. 2 credits. 

Courses in French 

101, 102. Elementary French I, II. A beginning 
course in French. 3 credits per semester. 
Ill, 112. Intermediate French I, II. A continua- 
tion of French 102 with further practice in conversa- 
tion, comprehension, reading and writing. Prerequi- 
site: French 102 or equivalent. 3 credits per semester 
115, 116. Introduction to French Literature I, 
II. Practice in the careful reading of literary texts and 
in the four basic language skills. Prerequisite: French 
112 or equivalent. 3 credits per semester 

215. French Culture. A study of modern France with 
special attention to those qualities, characteristics, 
and traditions which are uniquely French. Prerequi- 
site: French 112 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

216. Advanced Conversation and Composition. 
Intensive practice in spoken and written French on an 
advanced grammatical and stylistic level, with empha- 
sis on the use of the language in practical situations. 
Prerequisite: French 1 12 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

221. French Literature of the Middle Ages. A 
study of the masterpieces of medieval French litera- 
ture in the context of the social and intellectual cli- 
mate in which they were produced. Prerequisite: 
French 116 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

222. French Literature of the Renaissance. A 
study of the major works of the French Renaissance 
with emphasis on Rabelais, Montaigne and the poets 
of the Pleiade. Prerequisite: French 116 or equiva- 
lent. 3 credits. 

331. French Literature of the Age of Louis XIV. 
A study of the major authors of this apogee of French 
civilization, including Corneille, Racine, Moliere, La 
Fontaine and Pascal. Prerequisite: French 116 or 
equivalent. 3 credits. 

332. French Literature of the Enlightenment. A 
study of the main literary and philosophical currents 
of the eighteenth century, with emphasis on the works 
of Montesquieu, Diderot, Voltaire and Rousseau. Pre- 
requisite: Fretich 116 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

441. The modern Novel in France. A study of the 
French novel of the nineteenth and twentieth centu- 
ries. Prerequisite: French 116 or equivalent. 3 

442. Modern Theatre and Poetry of France. A 
study of French theatre and poetry of the nineteenth 
and twentieth centuries. Prerequisite: French 116 or 
equivalent. 3 credits. 

445/446. Seminar I, II. Designed to supplement 
and integrate the student's knowledge and stimulate 

individual study and research. The content varies ac- 
cording to the needs and interests of the group. Pre- 
requisite: French 116 or equivalent. 1-3 credits 
per .semester 

500. Independent Study. This course enables a 
student to engage in independent study whether en- 
rolled in the departmental honors program or not. 
Prerequisite: French 116 or equivalent. 1 -3 credits. 
(Maximum of 9). 

Courses in German 

101, 102. Elementary German I, II. A beginning 
course in German. 3 credits per semester. 
Ill, 112. Intermediate German I, II. A continua- 
tion of German 102 with practice in conversation, 
comprehension, reading and writing. Prerequisite: 
German 102 or equivalent. 3 credits per semester. 

113, 114. Scientific German I, II. Practice in read- 
ing scientific and technical German with emphasis on 
the vocabulary used in this type of writing. Prereq- 
uisite: German 112 or equivalent. 3 credits per 

115, 116. Introduction to German Literature I, 
II. Practice in the careful reading of literary texts and 
in the four basic language skills. Prerequisite: Ger- 
man 112 or equivalent. 3 credits per semester. 

215. German Culture. A study of modern Germany 
with special attention to those qualities, characteris- 
tics and traditions which are uniquely German. Pre- 
requisite: German 112 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

216. Advanced Conversation and Composition. 
Intensive practice in spoken and written German on 
an advanced grammatical and stylistic level, with em- 
phasis on the use of the language in practical situa- 
tions. Prerequisite: German 112 or equivalent. 3 

221. German Literature from the Beginnings to 
1750. A study of representative works from the early 
Middle Ages through the baroque with emphasis on 
the generation writing in the early thirteenth century. 
Prerequisite: German 116 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

Foreign Lang. 67 

68 Foreign iMng. 

331. German Literature from 1750 to 1848. The 

effects of the Enlightenment and the subsequent de- 
velopment of German romanticism with a close read- 
ing of major works and extensive background in the 
history and esthetics of the pex'wA. Prerequisite: Ger- 
man 116 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

332. Goethe and Schiller. A detailed study of the 
lives, society and artistic achievements of these pre- 
eminent literary ^^iKi. Prerequisite: German 116 or 
equivalent. 3 credits. 

410. Special Topics in German. Advanced study of 
an aspect of the German language. Topic varies, e.g.. 
advanced grammar, stylistics, history of the German 
language. Prerequisite: German 116. 216 or equiva- 
lent. 3 credits. 

441. German Literature from 1848 to the Present. 
.An examination of masterpeices of German fiction, 
drama and poetry with special attention to the chang- 
ing role of the artist in society. Prerequisite: German 
1 16 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

442. Topics in Modern German Literature. Offers 
a detailed study of one aspect of modern German lit- 
erature, e.g.. the novel, contemporary authors, twen- 
tieth century drama, literary e.xpressionism. Prereq- 
uisite: German 116 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

500. Independent Study. For the student who wishes 
to study independently whether enrolled in the depart- 
mental honors program or not. Prerequisite: German 
116 or equivalent. 1-3 credits per semester (Ma.xi- 
mum of 9). 

Courses in Greek 

101, 102. Elementary Greek I, IL An intensive 
course in the basics of ancient Greek. 3 credits per 

111,112. Intermediate Greek I, II. First semester: 
readings from the New Testament Gospels. Second se- 
mester: readings from Xenophon's--l;!i;6as/s. A review 
of grammar throughout the year. Prerequisite: Greek 

102. 3 credits per semester 

321. Readings from the Book of Acts. Prerequi- 
site: Greek 1 12. 3 credits. 

322. Readings in Hellenistic Greek. Prt'r<?(/i;;s;7c'; 
Greek 112. 3 credits. 

431. Readings from the Epistles of Vau\.Prereq- 
uisite: Creek 112. 3 credits. 

432. Readings from the Greek Philosophers. 

Prerequisite: Greek 112. 3 credits. 

Courses in Latin 

101. Elementary Latin I. Basic grammar and syn- 
tax, with some reading of ancient writers. 3 credits. 

102. Elementary Latin II. A review of grammar, 
translation of English into Latin and reading Latin 
prose selections, including Cicero. Prerequisite: Latin 
101 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

111. Intermediate Latin I. A review of grammar and 
readings from prose works such as Cicero's Essays. 
Prerequisite: Latin 102 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

112. Intermediate Latin II. A reading of passages 
selected from the writings of Virgil and Ovid. Prereq- 
uisite: Latin 111 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

Courses in Spanish 

101, 102. Elementary Spanish I, II. .A beginning 
course in Sp^inish. 3 credits per semester 
111, 112. Intermediate Spanish I, II. A continua- 
tion of Spanish 102 with further practice in conversa- 
tion, listening comprehension, reading and writing. 
Prerequisite: Spanish 102 or equivalent. 3 credits 

115, 116. Introduction to Spanish Literature I, 
II. Practice in the careful reading of literary texts and 
in the four basic language skiWs. Prerequisite: Span- 
ish 1 12 or equivalent. 3 credits per semester 

215. Hispanic Culture. A study of Hispanic culture 
as found in modern Spain and its reflection in Ameri- 
can countries and in the Spanish language. Prereq- 
uisite: Spariish 112 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

216. Advanced Composition and Conversation. 

Intensive practice in spoken and written Spanish on 
an advanced grammatical and stylistic level, with em- 
phasis on the use of the language in practical situa- 
tions. Prerequisite: Spanish 112 or equivalent. 3 

221. Spanish Literature of the Middle Ages and 
Early Renaissance. A study of the outstanding works 
of the period with emphasis on the beginnings of the 
Renaissance in Spain. Prerequisite: Spanish 116 or 
equivalent. 3 credits. 

222. Spanish Literature of the Golden Age. .\ 
study of the major works of the period. Prerequisite: 
Spanish 1 16 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

331. Spanish Literature of the 18th and 19th 
Centuries. Readings from the Enlightenment in Spain 
and a study of the major works of romanticism and 
realism. Prerequisite: Spanish 116 or equivalent. 3 

332. Spanish Literature of the 20th Century. 
Starting with the Generation '98 and Modernism, a 
representative study of the literary movements of this 
century. Prerequisite: Spanish 116 or equivalent. 3 

441. Spanish-American Literature to the 20th 
Century. Readings of the representative authors from 
the colonial and independence periods of Spanish- 
American literature. Prerequisite: Spanish 116 or 
equivalent. 3 credits. 

442. Spanish-American Literature of the 20th 
Century. A study of important writers of the early 
part of the century, with emphasis on recent develop- 

ments in the literature of Spanish-America. Prereq- 
uisite: Spanish 116 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

445/446. Seminar I, II. Designed to supplement and 
integrate the student's knowledge and stimulate indi- 
vidual study and research. The content varies accord- 
ing to the needs and interests of the group. Prerequi- 

site: Spanish 116 or equivalent. 1-3 credits per 

500. Independent Study. For the student who wishes 
to study independently whether enrolled in the depart- 
ment honors program or not. Prerequisite: Spanish 
116 or equivalent. 1-3 credits per semester. (Ma.xi- 
mum of 9). 

Students completing a three year program at Lebanon Valley College studying the 
liberal arts and the sciences basic to forestry may apply for admission to the cooperative 
forestry program with Duke University. Upon completion of the first year of the two year 
(plus one summer) program at Duke University, the student will receive the Bachelor of 
Science degree from Lebanon Valley College. After completion of the program at Duke 
the student will receive the professional degree of Master of Forestry (M.F.) or Master of 
Environmental Management (M.E.M.) from Duke University. Students may major in 
biology, economics, political science or mathematics at Lebanon Valley College. 

Requirements: Required courses regardless of major include Biology 111/112; Eco- 
nomics 110/120; Mathematics 161 or 111, and Mathematics 170, plus those courses 
necessary to meet the general requirements of the college. Additional required course- 
work varies depending upon whether the student majors in economics, biology, mathe- 
matics or political science. 


Dr. Williams 


(See Foreign Languages) 

Courses in geography are offered as an adjunct to the elementary and secondary CeO^ra'DllT 
education program, or for the student who wishes to take the courses out of personal ^^ " 


Courses in Geography 

111. World Geography I (Physical Geography). 

The physical aspects of the earth, its place in the solar 
system, earth movements, earth's waters, landforms. 
climate, soil types, weather phenomena, and processes 
that form and change the earth's surface. 3 credits. 

112. World Geography II (Regional Cultural Ge- 
ography). This course is recommended for elemen- 
tary education majors and is required for those wishing 
to be certified in comprehensive social studies. The 
course examines various countries and regions of the 
world, relating the geographic features of each to the 
life and culture of the people. Natural resources and 
economy of each region are studied as well as such 
facts as states and capitals, population density, food 
supply, and ecological factors. 3 crt?d(/s 


Dr. Ebersole 
Dr. Jacques 


(See Foreign Languages) 


(See Foreign Languages) 


Dr. Henninger 

Lebanon Valley College offers pre-professional training in the medical (medicine, 
osteopathy, optometry, podiatry, pharmacy, chiropractic, and dentistry) and veterinary 
fields. Students interested in one of these careers usually follow a science curriculum 
with a major in biochemistry, biology or chemistry. At Lebanon Valley College we feel 
that a strong background in the basic natural sciences is requisite for careers in the 
health professions. 

In addition to the basic natural sciences suited to advanced professional study, the 
student who is interested in veterinary medicine may participate in a cooperative pro- 
gram between the college and local veterinarians, specializing in both small and large 
animal medicine. Students not only receive credit for the work, but also gain valuable 
experience in the field. 

A health professions committee coordinates the various plans of study at the college 
in addition to offering advice and assistance to those persons interested in health profes- 
sions careers. 

For those students interested in podiatry, Lebanon Valley College and the Pennsyl- 
vania College of Pediatric Medicine have established an accelerated podiatric medicine 
education curriculum consisting of a minimum of ninety undergraduate semester hours 
and four years of podiatric medical education. Following three years of study at Lebanon 
Valley College a student may be recommended for further study at the Pennsylvania 
College of Podiatric Medicine. Lebanon Valley College than awards the baccalaureate 
degree, with a major in biochemistry, biology or chemistry, to those students who 
complete successfully one year of basic science education at the Pennsylvania College of 
Podiatric Medicine. 

Majors in biology and chemistry with an interest in health professions have been 
admitted to some of the nations finest schools including Johns Hopkins University 
Medical School, The University of Pennsylvania, The University of Pittsburgh, Jefferson 
Medical School, The Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Temple University, The Univer- 
sity of Maryland, The Pennsylvania College of Osteopathic Medicine, The Pennsylvania 
College of Podiatric Medicine and the Pennsylvania College of Optometry. 

History and 




Dr. Fehr 


Mr. Joyce 

Dr. Norton 

The Department of History and Political Science is a dual department, but each 
cirriculum is distinct and taught separately. The study of history acquaints the student 
with human behavior in the dimension of past time. Political science deals with the 
many-sided aspects of government. 


The department offers supervised academic and field experience in two types of 
internship: in history, in historic preservation and other museum-related work; in politi- 
cal science, work in a governmental agency, with an elected public official, or in electoral 
activity. Departmental interns typically work 12 to 15 hours per week on assignment as 
interns in the Office of Historic Preservation of the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum 

Commission in Harrisburg or on site, or as staff assistants to various committees in the 
Pennsylvania State Government, such as the House Committee on Health and Welfare 
or the Senate Committee on Education, or in the Harrisburg office of Congressman 
Allen Ertel of the 17th Congressional District. 


Juniors and seniors in any major field who have at least a 2.5 average, have had basic 
courses in American national government, and are recommended by the chairman of the 
Department of History and Political Science, are eligible to participate in the Washing- 
ton Semester Program, which is offered in cooperation with The American University in 
Washington, D. C. This includes the study of the American governmental and political 
system as a whole (the Washington Semester), the urban polity and intergovernmental 
decision-making in urban affairs (the Urban Semester), American foreign policy formu- 
lation and implementation (the Foreign Policy Semester), the economic policy-making 
process (the Economic Policy Semester), the operation of the criminal justice system 
(the Justice Semester), and the cultural institutions of Washington (Semester in Ameri- 
can Studies). 


Students majoring in history or political science may participate in the departmental 
honors program when they fulfill the following requirements: (1) demonstrate in their 
academic work the caliber of scholarship required to undertake an extensive research 
project; (2) achieve a 3.0 grade-point average in departmental courses and a 2.5 grade- 
point average in all college courses; and (3) apply for and receive permission for such 
participation from the departmental chairman and the dean of the faculty no later than 
the end of the first semester of the junior year. 

The student may work for from one to three semester hours credit per semester for a 
maximum of nine semester hours in the departmental honors program. A member of the 
departmental staff will serve as his honors adviser. 

During his participation in the program, the student must (1) submit to his honors 
adviser periodic progress reports; (2) show progress at a rate and level indicating that he 
will complete the program on time and at the desired level of achievement; and (3) 
maintain a 3.0 grade-point average in departmental courses and a 2.5 grade-point aver- 
age in all college courses. 

The participant must (1) obtain departmental approval of a research topic; (2) prepare 
an essay on the subject selected for research under the guidance of his honors adviser; (3) 
complete the writing of the essay by March 1 of the senior year; and (4) defend the essay 
in a manner to be determined by the departmental staff and the dean of the faculty. Upon 
fulfilling these requirements, the student will be recommended by the departmental 
chairman to the dean of the faculty for graduation with departmental honors. 

Degrees: B.A. degree with a major in history or political science. 

Majors: (History) Four one semester courses in European history; History 125 and 
235/236 or History 126 and 225/226 or History 225/226 and 235/236 in American Hist. &Pol. Sci. 71 

history; one course from among History 343, 344, 345, 346; and History 213 and 412 for 
a minimum of 30 hours. 

(Political Science) Political Science 111/112, 211, 212, 217, 311, 312, 411, 412 and 413, 
plus History 125 and 235/236orl26and 225/226 for a minimum of 39 hours or History 
225/226 and 235/236 for a total of 42 hours. 

Courses in History 

111/112. History of Western Civilization I, II. 

The first semester covers ttie development of Western 
European culture in all its aspects from its Near East- 
ern origins to about 1715. The second semester covers 
its evolution during the eighteenth, nineteenth, and 
twentieth centuries. 3 credits per semester. 

125/126. Survey of United States History I, II. 

The first semester covers the development of the United 
States to 1865, the second semester from 1865 to the 
present. Special emphasis throughout the course is 
placed upon historiographical philosophy and method. 
3 credits per seinester. 

211. Greek and Roman History. An examination of 
the origins, structure, and values of Greek and Roman 
societies from about 1200 B. C. to about 500 A. D. The 
Mediterranean nature of these cultures and the histo- 
rians' treatment of them are emphasized. 5 crec/iYs. 

72 Hist. & Pol. Sci. 

212. The Middle Ages. A study of the emergence of 
a European society from 500 to 1300. Emphasis is on 
the social and intellectual aspects of medieval life, 
and the historiographical record is analyzed. 3 cr(?d//s. 

213. Introduction to Historiography. Theory and 
practice in the writing of history. The work of selected 
historians is studied and each student conducts and 
reports upon his own research. Training is given in 
research methods and in the preparation of research 
reports. 3 credits. 

221. The Renaissance and Reformation: 1300 to 
1600. A study of the beginnings of the modern era, 
paying particular attention to the inter-relationships 
between its political, social, economic, and intellec- 
tual aspects. 3 credits. 

222. The Old Regime: 17th and 18th Centuries. 
An investigation of the impact of modern science and 
thought upon the development of Western European 
culture. Particular attention is paid to the nature of 
European society before the era of revolutions. 3 

224. British History from the Tudors to the 
Present. .A survey focused on the British Isles from 
Henry \"II to Elizabeth II. The cultural evolution of 
the English people is studied with emphasis on the 
political-social-intellectual configuration. 3 creA'/.?. 

225. American History to 1800. An examination is 
made of all aspects of the development of the United 
States from its European origins to 1800. Historio- 
graphical issues, methods, and problems are stressed. 
3 credits. 

226. American History from 1800 to 1865. The 
developments of nineteenth century American history 
to the end of the Civil War are studied, with special 
attention to historiographical concerns. 3 credits. 

235. The United States: 1865 to 1920. American 
history from the end of the Civil War through World 
War I is analyzed and interpreted, with emphasis upon 
historiography. 3 credits. 

236. The United States: 1920 to the Present. The 
development of the United States since 1920 is stud- 
ied in all its aspects. Historiographical interpretation 
is stressed. 3 credits. 

331. The Era of Revolutions: 1789 to 1870. A 
study of the political and economic changes in Europe 
from 1789 to 1870 and the total cultural impact of 
these changes. 3 credits. 

332. Modern Europe: 1870 to 1945. An analysis of 
the nineteenth century state system, its economic and 
social bases, its ideology, and its evolution through 
world wars and technological revolutions. 3 creA'/s. 

333. The Western IVadition Since 1945. Begin 
ning with the reconstruction following World War II, 
the course focuses upon the intellectual, social, and 
broadly political significance of the period in the con- 
text of the continuing Western tradition. 3 credits. 

334. European Intellectual History. The course 
e.xamines main currents of European thought from the 
Renaissance to the present. Major themes to be stud- 
ied will be war and peace, social and economic reform, 
and revolution. Primary materials will be emphasized. 
3 credits. 

343. History of Russia. A survey of Russian history 
from ancient times to the present, with special atten- 
tion to developments since the seventeenth century 
3 credits. 

344. History of the Far East. A survey of the polit- 
ical, economic, and cultural institutions of China and 
Japan, with special emphasis given to the Western im- 
pact on these institutions after 1500.3 credits. 

345. History of Latin America. A survey of the 
Latin American republics from their colonial begin- 
nings to the present time. J credits. 

346. Introduction to the History of African Cul- 
ture. A survey of African culture from the tenth-cen- 
tury Sudanic origins to the present day Emphasis is 
on the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. 3 credits. 
349. Select Problems in History. A course to pro- 
vide the student with an opportunity to explore in 
depth a topic of special interest. Open to junior and 
senior history majors and to other students by permis- 
sion of the instructor. .3 crediVs. 

400. Internship. Supervised academic and field ex- 
perience in historic preservation or other museum-re- 
lated careers. Participants will be selected by mem- 
bers of the Department staff.3-6 credits per semester 
(Maximum of 15). 

412. Senior Seminar in History. A review of the 
student's college program in history, with reading, dis- 
cussion, and writing to serve the following purposes: 
(1) synthesis of previous course work in history; (2) 
relation of the academic discipline of history to other 
fields of knowledge; and (3) formulation and expres- 
sion of a personal philosophy of history by each stu- 
dent. Open only to senior departmental majors. 3 

500. Independent Study. A course designed for stu- 
dents who wish to undertake an independent study 
project in history. Open to all students, subject to the 
following qualifications: Those who do not desire de- 
partmental honors are admitted by permission of the 
instructor who agrees to accept supervision of the stu- 
dent's work. Students desiring departmental honors 

must meet the conditions set forth above under "De- 
partmental Honors." 1 -3 credits per semester (Max- 
imum of 9). 

Courses in Political Science 

111/112. American National Government I, II. 

The first semester includes a consideration of the na- 
ture of democracy, constitutional foundations of 
American government, the federal system of govern- 
ment, civil rights and liberties, American political be- 
havior, political parties, and campaigns and elections. 
The second semester includes the study of the struc- 
tures and functions of American government (the 
Presidency, the Congress, the Courts, and the bureau- 
cracy) and the foreign and domestic policy-making 
processes. 3 credits per semester 

211. Comparative Government. A comparative 
study of important political systems of the world, in- 
cluding an introduction to the basic methodologies.// 
is strongly recommended tfiat Political Science 
111/112 be taken preciously or concurrently. 3 

212. Foreign Relations. A survey of the external 
relations of American government, with emphasis on 
twentieth century developments. Subject areas in- 
clude diplomacy, military affairs, geographic and re- 
gional problems, trade and aid, technology and under- 
development, alliances, nuclear problems, and opposing 
ideologies. // is strongly recommended that Political 
Science 111 /1 12 be taken previously or concurrently. 
3 credits. 

217. Research Methods in Political Science. A 

course in the conduct and interpretation of research in 
political science. Topics covered include: formulation 
of a research problem, research design, techniques of 
scaling and measurement, data collection and analy- 
sis, and writing the research report. Prereguisites: a 
major in political science and sophomore standing, 
or permission of the instructor Mathematics 170, El- 
ementary Statistics, is strongly recommended. 3 

219. State and Local Government. This course 
deals with governmental institutions and political 
characteristics of state and local political systems. It 
also examines the major intergovernmental problems 
in state and local relationships with the national gov- 
ernment. It is strongly recommended that Political 
Science 11 1/1 12 be taken previously or concurrently. 
3 credits. 

311. Political Parties in the United States. A 
study of the origins and history of American political 
parties, their development, organization, leaders, con- 
ventions, platforms, and campaigns.// is strongly rec- 
ommended that Political Science 111/112 be taken 
previously or concurrently. 3 credits. 

Hist. & Pol. Sci. 73 

312. American Constitutional Law. A study of the 
growtti and development of the Constitution through 
the medium of judicial construction. Recent decisions 
illustrating its application to new conditions of the 
present age. and proposals for court modification are 
given particular attention. It is strongly recom- 
mended that Political Science 111/112 be taken pre- 
viously or concurrently. 3 credits. 

313. Foundations of American Law. This course 
provides an historical survey of the Western legal tra- 
dition from classical times through eighteenth century 
conceptions of the English common law as an intro- 
duction to the study of the evolution of American law. 
// is strongly recommended for pre-law students. Pre- 
requisite: permission of the instructor 3 credits. 

314. Public Opinion. An analysis of the nature and 
sources of contemporary public opinion, with special 
attention to methods of determining public opinion. 3 

350. Select Problems in Political Science. A course 
to provide the student with an opportunity to explore 
in depth a topic of special interest. // is strongly rec- 
ommended that Political Science 111/112 be taken 
previously or concurrently. 

400. Internship. Supervised academic and field ex- 
perience in a governmental agency, with an elected 
public official, or in electoral activity. Participants 
will be selected by members of the Department staff 
Prerequisite: Political Science 111/112. 3-6 credits 
per semester. IMaximum of 15). 

411. Political Theory. A survey of the different phi- 
losophies and theories of government, ancient and 
modern, withspecial reference to political philosophy 
since the sixteenth century. It is strongly recom- 
mended that Political Science 111/112 be taken pre- 
viously or concurrently. 3 credits. 

412. Senior Seminar in Political Science. Read- 
ing, discussion, and written assignments to accom- 
plish the following purposes: (1| relation of the disci- 
pline to other fields of knowledge and (2) development 
and expression of an individual political philosophy 
by the iiudeni. Prerequisites: a major in political sci- 
ence and senior standing; or permission of the in- 
structor 3 credits. 

413. International Politics. A course in the origin, 
forms, dynamics, and prospects of the international 
political pattern, with emphasis on current develop- 
ments and changing concepts in world politics. It is 
strongly recommended that Political Science 111/112 
be taken previously or concurrently. 3 credits. 

500. Independent Study. A course designed for stu- 
dents who wish to undertake an independent study 
project in political science. Open to all students, sub- 
ject to the following qualifications: Those who do not 
desire departmental honors are admitted by permis- 
sion of the instructor who agrees to accept supervision 
of the student's work. Students desiring departmental 
honors must meet the conditions set forth above under 
"Departmental Honors." 1-3 credits per semester 
(Maximum of 91. 



Dr. Ford 

Dr. Iglesias 

Mr. Thompson 

74 Humanities 

Students at Lebanon Valley College may major in humanities, taking courses from a 
variety of departments, and combining them in such a way as to create a major suited to 
a specific individual's needs. The major examines mankinds response to his speculative 
and creative urges, and explores human values through literature, art, music and philos- 

This interdisciplinary approach allows the student to explore the humanities in more 
breadth than do the traditional majors and at the same time allows for a degree of 
concentration in one specific area of the humanities. 

The program is concerned with the full intellectual development of the student as 
well as with vocational preparation, such as for graduate, theological, and law schools, 
and for careers in business and government. 

Degree: B.A. degree with a major in humanities. 

Major: A core set of courses is required including Art 110, Art 201 or 203; English 
227/228; Foreign Language 115, 116 (French, German or Spanish); Music 100; Philos- 
ophy 110, 228; and History 111/1 12, for a total of 33 hours, and concentration in one of 
the following areas: 

English: English 221, 222, 322, 337, for a total of 12 hours. 
Foreign Language: 12 additional hours in the same language above the 116 level. 
Philosophy: Philosophy 120; and 323 or 333, and any other two courses in philosophy 
for a total of 12 hours. 

Majors in philosophy, psychology and English and other interested students find the 
interdisciplinary courses at Lebanon Valley College to be highly valuable in adding extra 
dimensions to coursework within a particular major. Courses are taught by several 
members of the different departments represented by the interdisciplinary coursework. 

Courses in Interdisciplinary Subjects 

130. Philosophy in Literature. A detailed critical 
examination of various literary works having philo- 
sophical content. Exact topics and works to be consid- 
ered will vary from year to year. Prerequisite: Philos- 
ophy 110 or consent of the instructors. 3 credits. 
332. Seminar in Psychology and Literature. A 
consideration of major psychological theories for use 
in literary interpretaion. Prerequisite: a major in psy- 

chology or English, junior or senior standing and/or 

permission of the staff 3 credits. 

334. Seminar in Philosophy and Psychology. A 

detailed consideration of matters of common interest 
to philosophy and psychology taught by members of 
both departments. Topics will vary from year to year. 
Prerequisite: consent of the instructors. 3 credits. 


Occasionally a student finds that his career goals cannot be met by a traditional major 
at the college. For this student an individualized major may be a logical choice. Working 
with two advisors a student develops a plan of study including a rationale for the specific 
major, a schedule for taking existing college courses which relate to the individualized 
major, as well as describing those courses which the student needs to pursue on an 
independent study basis. The plan of study must also include those courses to fulfill the 
general requirements of the college. The curriculum is then submitted to the dean of the 
faculty for approval. 

An example of an individualized major might include international studies. This 
program would allow a student to study, in depth, such areas as the language, history, 
art, politics and geography of a specific country. 

Another example of an individuahzed major could be studies in church service, inte- 
grating coursework from the departments of sociology, religion and psychology. 

When we say that the major is individualized we mean just that— a course of study, 
designed by you and your advisers, to meet your specific educational and vocational 

Degrees: B.A. or B.S. degree (depending upon concentration) with an individualized 

Requirements: Those courses specified within the approved individualized major 
plus those courses to meet the general requirements of the college. 

ized Major 


Determined by areas of 


(See Foreign Languages) 


(See Foreign Languages) 

cal Sciences 


Miss Burras 

Dr. Chi 

Dr. Fleischman 

Dr. Hearsev 

Dr. Mayer (Chmn.') 

76 Math.Sci. 

The Department of Mathematical Sciences offers one of the most modern, versatile, 
and highly respected undergraduate programs in the country. Since 1974, 95 percent of 
the graduates from the department have found attractive mathematical employment, or 
continued in graduate school. Since 1970, the number of majors in the department has 
more than doubled, while nationwide the comparable number is less than one-third of 
what it was in 1970. 

The department offers a wide range of courses which support major programs in 
Actuarial Science, Computer Science, Mathematics, and Operations Research. The 
major in Mathematics can be tailored to prepare for Graduate School, Secondary School 
Teaching, Industrial Mathematics, or to dove-tail with a second major in another depart- 
ment. A Special Topics course allows coverage of material specifically requested by 
interested students. In Independent Study, outstanding students conduct further study 
and research in areas for which they show particular talent and interest. An Internship 
Program provides a further broadening of the students' experience. 

In the last five years, we have placed systems analysts with PP&L, AT&T Long Lines, 
Air Products, Western Electric, Hershey Foods, EDS, the State of Delaware; applied 
mathematicians with the US Treasury Department, American Bank and Trust Co., 
Smidth Industries; teachers in Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Maryland; computer sci- 
entists with Blue Shield, and a school district. Two of our graduates have started their 
own computer software consulting firm. Finally, our graduates received graduate assis- 
tantships in Mathematics, Computer Science, or Operations Research from North Caro- 
lina State, Wisconsin, Cornell, Carnegie-Mellon, Lehigh, Washington State, and Dela- 
ware Universities. In each of 1977 and 1978 one of our graduates held a Fulbright 
Scholarship for study overseas. 

The major in ACTUARIAL SCIENCE is rather unique. Lebanon Valley College is the 
only four-year college east of the Mississippi which offers courses specifically designed 
to prepare for the first four examinations of the Society of Actuaries and the Casualty 
Actuarial Society. 

In Actuarial Science the demand for our graduates is, and will continue to be, much 
larger than the supply. During the last five years, we have placed graduates with Provident 
Mutual, Prudential, Reliance, State Mutual, Liberty Mutual, GEICO, Allstate, Crum & 
Forster, and Prupac insurance companies, and with the consulting firms of Conrad M. 
Siegel, and Alexander & Alexander. A special option recognizes the need for mathemat- 
ically trained persons in forest management: after three years at Lebanon Valley College 
and two years at Duke University, a student can receive the B.S. in Actuarial Science 
from LVC, and the M.S. in Forestry from Duke University. 

The major in COMPUTER SCIENCE has a strong scientific orientation, conforming 
with the recommendations of the Association for Computing Machinery. Required 
courses in Physics will acquaint the student with the hardware aspects of computers, and 
an internship in a business computer operation will expose him/her to the "real world" 
of computer applications. The curriculum includes courses in English, Psychology, and 
Philosophy in order to expand the student's view of the societal and ethical implications 
of computer technology. 

Lebanon Valley College is the only four-year college in the East to offer a major in 

OPERATIONS RESEARCH with a strong foundation in Mattiematics. In scope and 
importance to society this field may be the fastest growing of the applied mathematical 

A rigorous study of MATHEMATICS is the common foundation of all four major 
programs in the department. The core courses required of all students in the department 
provide the first phase of this effort. This core structure allows each student complete 
flexibility in the choice of one of the four majors, usually by the end of the second year of 
study. A strong effort is made not to differentiate between the students in the department 
by majors. Thus, talented students of any major are encouraged to be a member of the 
departmental Putnam Examination team which participates annually in this national 
mathematics competition. Similarly, the Mathematics Club is open to any interested 
student. This club sponsors a variety of activities including an annual mathematics 
competition for area high school students. 

Degrees: B.S. with a major in mathematics. B.S. with a major in actuarial science. 
B.S. with a major in computer science. B.S. with a major in operations research. 

Majors: (Core Courses) MA 111, 112, 211, 222, 266, CS 241. 

(Mathematics) Core courses plus 15 hours in courses numbered above 300. 

(Actuarial Science) Core Courses plus Mathematics 371, 372; Actuarial Science 385, 
386, 481, 482; Accounting 151, 152; Economics 110, 120; also. Exam 1 of the Society of 
Actuaries must be passed by the fall of the senior year. 

(Computer Science) Core Courses plus Mathematics 322, 463, 464; Computer Science 
341, 342, 400, 441; English 215; Philosophy 228; Physics 103, 104, 212; Psychology 

(Operations Research) Core Courses plus Mathematics 371, 372; Operations Research 
335, 336, 431, 500; Business Administration 180; Economics 201; English 215; Philos- 
ophy 228. 

Courses In Mathematics 

100. Basic Concepts of Mathematics. An outline 
of some basic mathematical ideas and techniques. 3 

102. Algebra and TVigonometry. An introduction 
to college algebra and trigonometry. 3 cr(?d;7s. 
Ill, 112. Analysis I, II. A rigorous calculus se- 
quence lor majors of the department. 5 credits per 

161, 162. Calculus I, II. A calculus sequence with 
emphasis on apphcations. 3 credits per semester 
166. Calculus II and Differential Equations. A 
continuation of MA 161 with applications in biology 
and medicine. Prerequisite: Mathematics 161. 3 cred- 

170. Elementary Statistics. Elementary descriptive 
and inferential statistics. 

211. Analysis III. Continuation of Analysis I, Il.Pre- 
requisite: Mathematics 112. 3 credits. 
222. Linear Algebra. Vectors, matrices, systems of 
equations. Prere(7u/s;7e; Mathematics 112. 3 credits. 

261. Calculus III. Continuation of Calculus 1,11. Pre- 
requisite: Mathematics 162. 3 credits. 
266. Differential Equations. First and second order- 
differential equations, partial differential equations. 
Prerequisite: Mathematics 21 1 or261. 3 credits. 
300. Seminar. A seminar devoted to problem solving 
lechniques. Prerequisite: Mathematics 21 1. 1 credit. 

322. Abstract Algebra. Fundamentals of groups, 
rings, fields. Prerequisite: Mathematics 222. 3 cred- 

325. Geometry. Axiomatic geometry, Euclidean and 
non-Euclidean geometries. Prerequisite: Mathemat- 
ics 112. 3 credits. 

361, 362. Methods of Applied Mathematics I, II. 
Integral equations, Fourier transforms, partial differ- 
ential equations. Prerequisite: Mathematics 266. 3 
credits per semester. 

371. Mathematical Probability. Random variables, 
probability law and distributions. Prerequisite: Math- 
ematics 211. 3 credits. 

Math. Sci. 77 

78 Math.Sci. 

372. Mathematical Statistics. Generating func- 
tions, decision theory, tests of hypotheses. Prfrfyu/- 
site: Mathematics 371. 3 credits. 

411. Foundations of Mathematics. The topology 
of real and complex number spaces. Prerequisite: 
Mathematics 211. 3 credits. 

412. Functions of a Complex Variable. Analytic 
functions, Cauchy theorem, conformal mapping. Prt'- 
requisite: Mathematics 411. 3 credits. 

450. Special Topics. Subjects chosen by student in- 
terest. 3 credits. 

452. Seminar for Teachers. Issues of concern to the 
prospective secondary school teacher. 7 credit. 
463, 464. Numerical Analysis I, II. Numerical in- 
tegration, interpolation, differential equations, matrix 
methods. Prerequisites: Mathematics 266, Computer 
Science 242. 3 credits per semester 
500. Independent Study. Independent study and re- 
search. Variable credit. 

Courses In Actuarial Science 

385. Theory of Interest. Study of material for the 
part 4 Society of Actuaries, Casualty Actuarial Soci- 
ety, and Enrollment Actuaries examination. Prereq- 
uisite: Mathematics 211.3 credits. 

386. Numerical Analysis for Actuaries. Study of 
material for the part 3 Society of Actuaries and Casu- 
alty Actuarial Society examination. Prerequisite: 
Mathematics 211. 3 credits. 

481. Life Contingencies I. Study of material for the 
part 4 Society of Actuaries, Casualty Actuarial Soci- 
ety, and Enrollment Actuaries examination. Prereq- 
uisite: Mathematics 372. 3 credits. 

482. Life Contingencies II. Continuation of Actu- 
arial Science 481. Prerequisite: Mathematics 372. 3 

500. Independent Study. Study of material for fur- 
ther Society of Actuaries or Casualty Actuarial Soci- 
ety examinations. Variable credit. 

Courses In Computer Science 

241. Introduction to Computer Science. Lan- 
guages, algorithms. BASIC-PLUS programming. Pre- 
requisite: Mathemtics 112. 3 credits. 

341. Computer Organization and Assembler. 

Computer architecture, assembly language, applica- 
tions. Pri;rt>(/i/(si7t;.- Computer Science 241. 3 credits. 

342. Data Structures. Graphs, trees, lists, files, ap- 
plications. Prerequisite: Computer Science 241. 3 

400. Internship. A summer internship with business 
or industry 3 credits. 

441. Programming Languages and Compilers. 
Grammars, recognizers, symbol tables, storage allo- 
cation. Prerequisite: Computer Science 241. 3 

500. Independent Study. Computer hardware, 
input/output devices. Variable credit. 

Courses in Operations Research 

335. Operations Research I. Linear Programming, 
queuing theory, decision theory. Includes material for 
the part 3 Society of Actuaries and Casualty Actuarial 
Society examination. Prerequisites: Mathematics 211, 
222. 3 credits. 

336. Operation Research II. Further topics in Op- 
erations Research. Prerequisite: Operations Re- 
search 335. 3 credits. 

431. Systems and Simulation. General systems the- 
ory, hierarchies, simulation methods. Prerequisite: 
Operations Research 335. 3 credits. 
500. Independent Study. Study of further topics in 
operations research. Variable credit. 

In medical technology the student takes three years of courses at Lebanon Valley 
College in order to fulfill the requirements of the college and of the I3oard of Schools of 
the American Society of Clinical Pathologists. Preceding or during the third year of the 
program at LVC a student applies to a hospital with an American Medical Association 
approved school of medical technology, where he spends the fourth year of training. It is 
the student's responsibility to gain admission to such a program. Upon satisfactory 
completion of the one-year internship, the student is awarded the degree of Bachelor of 
Science in Medical Technology by Lebanon Valley College. 

Lebanon Valley College is currently affiliated with the following hospitals: Abington, 
Allentown Sacred Heart, Harrisburg, Harrisburg Polyclinic, Jersey Shore Medical Cen- 
ter-Fitkin Hospital, Lancaster General and Reading. However, the student is not limited 
to these affiliations and may seek acceptance at any approved hospital of his choice. 

Requirements: Required courses for the medical technology curriculum include 
Biology 111/112, 306, and eight hours which typically may include Biology 201 and/or 
305, 451 (Special Topics in Immunology; Parasitology), 452 (Special Topics in Instru- 
mentation); Chemistry 111, 112, 113, 114, 213, 214, 216; Physics 103, 104; Mathematics 
170; courses to meet the general requirements and an overall minimum of 92 hours of 
work at LVC. 


Dr. Pollack 

Lebanon Valley College sponsors an urban semester program through the Metropoli- 
tan Collegiate Center of Germantown, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. This is a one-semes- 
ter program of a pre-professional internship and academic seminars relating to the city. 
The program is designed especially for students who are interested in cities and the 
opportunity of living and working in a pluralistic urban world; or who want the practical 
and personal advantages of a concrete work experience especially for purposes of voca- 
tional and educational decisions. 

Internship placements are available in a diverse range of social service, mental health, 
law enforcement, medical research, and health-care-delivery agencies. 15 academic cred- 
its are offered in the program. 

Courses in the Metropolitan Semester 

240. Theology in the City. An intensive study of the 
process of ttieological thinking, using the student's 
experiences in the city as primary data; study of the 
life of the church and its engagement in society; study 
of the poor and oppressed and the relationship of the 
church to such people. The course will be taught 
largely by the inductive method, relying to a great e.x- 
tent on the student's initiative in being involved in 
urban life. Prerequisite: Consent of the instructor. 3 

250. Work Internship. Internships in service, tech- 
nical and business agencies and institutions of choice 
of students are supervised by staff members of the 
Metropolitan Semester. Three-and-one-half or four 
days per week. 6 credits. 

260. Metropolitan Seminar. The seminar surveys 

the major issues in urban America, using Philadelphia 
as the point of reference. 3 credits. 
270. The City and Fine Arts. An introductory sur- 
vey of fine arts related to urban life as e.xemplified in 
Philadelphia. Regular seminar work is supplemented 
by field studies in institutions such as the Art Mu- 
seum, Philadelphia Orchestra, Theatre, and the like.3 

280. Social Sciences Research Seminar. The sem- 
inar surveys the nature of social research with special 
emphasis on methods of collecting valid data. Stu- 
dents design and complete a small research study on a 
relevant urban problem. 3 credits. 
290. Values Seminar. Students examine ethical is- 
sues and moral dilemmas which arise from personal 
life, work in large organizations, and the conduct of 
public policy. 3 credits. 



Dr. Lockwood 

Metro. Semester 79 

Dr. Albrecht 
Mr. Bilger (Adj.) 

]tf |l^|p Students who major in any of the three areas in the Music Department (music perfor- 

mance, sacred music, music education) quickly reahze the aims of the program to be the 
preparation of performers, church musicians and teachers; the teaching of music histor- 
Facuity: ically and aesthetically as an element of liberal culture; the offering of courses that give 
a thorough and practical understanding of theoretical subjects. 
Mrs.Bowers (Adj') Each music student regardless of his major takes a required core of both theory and 

Mr. Burrichter history courses. Each individual major, then, augments the basic core requirements to 
Mr. Chandler (Adj.) xmei the needs of performers, teachers, and church musicians. 

Mr. Dunn (Adj.) Attendance at a portion of faculty and student recitals is compulsory. All majors in 

Mrs. Engiebrighi the department are required to take private instruction on campus in their principal 

'^M^G'^'r"ei performance medium. Participation in music organizations may be required of all ma- 

br. Getz jors. One-half hour of private instruction is included in the basic tuition. 

Mrs. Gingrich (Adj.) The MUSIC PERFORMANCE major is designed for those students desiring a liberal 

Mrs"^ Knlslev (tdj 1 ^^^^ context in their preparation for a career in applied music. 

Dr. Lau (Chmnj All majors are required to take an hour lesson per week in their principal performance 

Mr. Meashey (Adj.) medium and are expected to perform a half recital in the junior year, and a full recital in 
Mr.ReedTAdj" the Senior year. 

Dr. Richardson All majors outside of the keyboard area are required to study piano (private or class) 

Mr. Smith until the minimum requirements have been met. 
Mrs. stambachTAdj^ ^^^^ SACRED MUSIC major prepares students for full-time work as directors of 

Mr. strohman (Adj.) church music, as ministers of music, or as college teachers. The program is open to those 
Dr. Sweigart individuals whose interest falls mainly within the areas of voice or organ. 

All majors are expected to acquire sufficient skill to assume responsibilities as a 
qualified parish church musician. 

Majors whose principal performance medium is organ are expected to study voice for 
at least two years, one of which may be class experience. 

Majors whose principal performance medium is voice, upon admission to the program, 
are expected to show sufficient keyboard proficiency so that after two additional years of 
piano study (normally by the end of the sophomore year) they may benefit from a year of 
organ study. 

The MUSIC EDUCATION major, approved by the Pennsylvania Department of Edu- 
cation and the National Association of Schools of Music, is designed for the preparation 
of teachers of public school music. Additional courses are determined by the student's 
selection oi a track program. The track programs may be of a general nature or may be a 
concentration in either the instrumental or the keyboard/vocal fields. In all cases the 
student participates in student teaching in local elementary and secondary schools. 

The music education curriculum requires voice instruction (class or private) for a 
minimum of one year and piano instruction (class or private) for a minimum of two years. 
A competency jury must be passed successfully in each area. 

Graduates of the Music Department often attend graduate school, teach in elementary 

and secondary schools and colleges and universities, perform as recitalists and serve as 

full and part-time church musicians. Graduate schools represented by LVC music alumni 

include Eastman School of Music, the University of Michigan, Iowa State, the University 

80 Music of Miami, Penn State University, Arizona State and The University of North Carolina to 

name a few. Other graduates of the college hold such varied positions as full-time 
organist choirmaster of the Camp Hill Presbyterian Church, free-lance musician/composer 
and former assistant musical director of the ABC Dick Cavett Show Orchestra, professor 
of music at West Chester State College, first chair french horn for the Philadelphia 
Orchestra, and president of Music Educators National Conference (MENC). 


1. A candidate must have achieved a minimum grade-point average of 3.00 at the end of 
the sophomore year, and must maintain this minimum to remain eligible for honors 

2. The private instructor in the candidates principal performance medium must rec- 
ommend the student for full recital privileges during the senior year, and will serve as 
adviser to the individual's departmental honors program. 

3. The candidate through reading and research will produce a thesis or an essay, based 
on a problem or subject of his own choosing under the direct supervision of his faculty 
adviser. Creative work will be encouraged with reference to, or emphasis upon, his 
principal performance medium. 

4. Honors recognition shall be dependent upon the quality of the prepared thesis or 
essay and the level of the candidate's recital performance, both to be reviewed by a 
committee of three, including the private instructor (adviser), the chairman of the 

Music 81 

department, and a third music faculty member to be designated by the chairman with 
the approval of the adviser. 

5. In addition to any established pattern of announcing honors candidates and recipi- 
ents, the printed recital program shall also indicate "in partial fulfillment of require- 
ments for Honors in Music." 

6. A maximum of 9 hours credit can be earned in department honors. 

7. Upon the completion of the above requirements at a satisfactory level, the student 
will be recommended by the reviewing committee to the dean of the faculty for 
graduation with departmental honors. 
Degrees: B.A. degree with a major in applied music. B.A. degree with a major in 

sacred music. B.S. degree with a major in music education. 

Majors: (Core Courses) Music 111, 112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 215, 217, 226, 316, 
341/342, 530, 540. 

(Applied Music) Core courses plus Music 132 (for voice majors) 224, 315, 329, 351- 
354 (for organ majors), and 462, for a minimum of 49 credits. 

(Sacred Music) Core courses plus Music 132, 224, 315, 321, 322, 347, 351-354 (for 
organ majors) 421, and 422, for a minimum of 55 credits. 

(Music Education) Core courses plus Music 227. 231, 232, 334, 335, 337, 441, 607 
and the choice of one of the following track systems: 

General: Music 124, 328, 333, 336, 338, 345or 347, 416, 402or 404, for a minimum of 

72 credits. 

Instrumental: Music 124, 328, 336, 338, 345, 402, and 416, for a minimum of 69 


Keyboard- Vocal: Music 132, 333, 347, and 404, for a minimum of 66% credits. 

Courses In Music 
Theory of Music 

111. Sight Singing I. A beginning course in music 114. Ear Training II. A study of more difficult tonal 
reading with the use of syllables, incorporating ttie problems mcludmg seventh and nmth chords, chro- 
elements of melodv and rhythm within the beat and its maticism, modulation, and modality. Emphasis is 
diyision. The following are studied: basic beat pat- P'^ced upon harmonic and correctiye dictation. Cor- 
terns. simple and compound time, diatonic interyals. related with Sight Singing. 1 credit. 

implied harmonic structure within the melodic line. 115. Harmony I. A study of the rudiments of music 

the C clefs, modulations. Phrasing and the application including notation, scales, intervals, and triads; the 

of dynamics are stressed, i ca'd;/. connection of triads by harmonizing melodies and 

112. Sight Singing II. A continuation of music read- basses with fundamental triads; playing of simple ca- 
ing, using more difficult melodies and rhythms, the fences at the piano; analysis of phrases and periods. 2 
beat and its subdivision, and additional interval prob- credits. 

lems. E.xercises in four clefs, employing modal melo- 116. Harmony II. A study of inversions of triads, 

dies, remoted modulation, superimposed background seventh and ninth chords, harmonizations of melodies 

and meter, changing and less common time signa- and figured basses; analysis and composition of the 

turesJ credit. smaller forms; modulation. 2 crerf;/s. 

113. Ear Training I. The study of the basic of music 215. Harmony III. The use of dominant and dimin- 
notation essential for the writing of melodic and ished sevenths as embellishments of and substitutes 
rhythmic dictation. Emphasis is placed upon aural rec- for diatonic harmony; harmonization of melodies and 
ognition of intervals, scales, triads and their inver- figured basses; analysis of two and three-part song 
sions, and simple harmonic progressions and ca- forms; composition in two-part song form. Playing of 
dences. Harmonic dictation is begun in the latter half more advanced cadences and modulations at the piano.2 

82 Music of the course. Correlated with Sight Singing. 1 credit. credits. 

315. Elementary Composition. Melody analysis 
and writing: four-part choral writing; continuation of 
two and three-part song-form analysis and composi- 
tion. Composition in theme and variations, fantasia, 
rondo, and dance forms. Study of contemporary har- 
monic ideas. Majors in music and sacred music. 2 

316. Keyboard Harmony. Work at the piano in- 
cludes reading from figured bass and score reading. 
Additional work includes transposition and improvi- 
sation. (Students are placed in elementary, intermedi- 
ate or advanced sections on the basis of keyboard abil- 
ity. The successful completion of a piano jury is 
required for admission to the course. 2 credits. 
217. Basic Concepts of Structure and Style. A 
course designed to develop the student's knowledge of 
specific musical styles resulting from the synthesis of 
music's constituent and expressive elements. The study 
is approached through listening to, discussing, and 
analyzing compositions representing a variety of styles 
and media. Other course objectives include: acquaint- 
ance with literature, comprehensive application of the 
basics of music theory, and development of musician- 
ship. J? credits. 

224. Counterpoint. Introductory work in strict 
counterpoint through three and four-part work in all 
the species. 2 credits. 

226. Form and Analysis I. A study of simple and 
compound forms, variations, contrapuntal forms, rondo 
and sonata forms. Compositions in these forms are 
studied primarily for their structural content. Course 
includes extensive listening. 2 crediYs. 
329. Form and Analysis II. A study through analy- 
sis and listening of fugal forms, suite, overture, com- 
plete sonata forms (evolution of the symphony), string 
quartet, the tone poem. Analysis of classical and con- 
temporary works in these forms. Majors in music. 2 

410. Composition, Schillinger System. A scien- 
tific system of music composition created by the late 
Joseph Schillinger, teacher of such accomplished 
professionals as George Gershwin and Ted Royal Dewar. 
The major aims of the system are to: (1) generalize 
underlying principles regarding the behavior of tonal 
phenomena; (2) classify all the available resources of 
our tonal system; (3) teach a comprehensive applica- 
tion of scientific method to all components of the tonal 
art. to problems of melody, rhythm, harmony, counter- 
point, orchestration, and to composition itself. The 
system is best studied in the light of a traditional 
background and admission to course or private in- 
struction is by special permission only. 

420. Arranging and Scoring for the Stage Band. 

Study of modern harmony, modulation, style analysis. 

special instrumental effects as applied to modern ar- 
ranging. Laboratory analysis and demonstration of 
sectional and ensemble voicings. 2 credits. 
416. Orchestration. Study of instrumentation, de- 
vices, techniques, and mechanics of scoring transcrip- 
tions, arrangements and solos for orchestra and con- 
cert band; special work in scoring for mixed ensembles 
as they occur in public schools. Laboratory analysis 
and demonstration of various instrumental colors and 
combinations. Emphasis is placed on creative scoring. 
2 credits. 

Methods and Materials 

333. Methods and Materials, General Music: El- 
ementary. A comprehensive study of general music 
teaching at the elementary level, including the ratio- 
nale for building a music education curriculum, cur- 
rent emphases in music education, varied approaches 
for developing conceptual learning, movement, play- 
ing classroom instruments, introduction to Orff and 
Kodaly techniques, creative applications, guided lis- 
tening, the child voice, materials, and interest centers 
for open classrooms. 3 credits. 

334. Methods and Materials, General Music: Ju- 
nior High School. Materials and approaches for ju- 
nior high school general music, attention to the orga- 
nization and presentation of a varied program, and 
recent trends in teaching. Adolescent voices, creative 
applications, improvisation, guided listening, interest 
centers, units of study, and characteristics of youth. 3 

335. Methods and Materials, Instrumental: 
Fourth, Fifth and Sixth Grades. A study of meth 
ods and materials used in teaching band and orchestral 
instruments to children in these grades, with emphasis 
on a sound rhythmic approach. Both individual and 
class techniques are studied. Musical rudiments as ap- 
plied to instrumental teaching are reviewed. 2 crt;rf;/s. 

336. Methods and Materials, Instrumental: Ju- 
nior and Senior High School. A study of interme- 
diate and advanced instrumental teaching techniques; 
methods of organizing and directing school orchestras 
and bands; fundamentals of musicianship. J? crt'd//s. 

402. Seminar in Advanced Instrumental Prob- 
lems. A study of the general and specific problems 
which confront the director of school orchestras, bands, 
and instrumental classes. Problems of general interest 
include; organization and management, stimulating 
and maintaining interest; selecting beginners; sched- 
uling rehearsals and class lessons; financing and pur- 
chasing instruments, uniforms, and other equipment; 
marching band formations and drills; evaluating music 
materials; organizing festivals, contests, and public 
performances. 2 credits. 

Music 83 

84 Music 

404. Music Education Seminar: Secondary Level. 

A study of aspects of secondary school vocal music 
curriculum and related course offerings. Topics with 
which a high school choral teacher or director of music 
will need to be knowledgeable are investigated with 
particular attention given to those problems relating 
to the responsibilities of the vocal music teacher. Phi- 
losophy of music education, music theater, tests and 
measurements, elective courses, planning inservice 
events, and choral mdL\.ena\s. 2 credits. 

405. Methods in Piano Pedagogy. A study of meth- 
ods of teaching piano to children and adults. The 
course includes the song approach method, presenta- 
tion of the fundamental principles of rhythm, sight 
reading, tone quality, form, technique, pedaling, trans- 
position, and the harmonization of simple melodies. 
Materials are examined and discussed. 2 crt?(//7s. 
412. Electronic Music. An introduction to the use 
and function of synthesizers and their application to 
the electronic music field, with special attention to 
the education area, live performance, and integration 
with studio equipment. 1 credit. 

422. Church Music Methods and Administra- 
tion. A course designed to acquaint the student with 
the organization, direction and management of the 
church music program. General and specific problems 
which confront the church musician are discussed. 
Topics of concern include the planning and develop- 

ment of a sound choir program with emphasis on solic- 
itation of participants and the maintenance of inter- 
est; the methods and techniques of rehearsal; the 
preparation of budget and the management of funds; 
the incorporation of the church year in the selection of 
literature; committee and pastoral relationships. Sa- 
cred music majors. 2 credits. 

Student Teaching 

441. Student Teaching. Each student spends a se- 
mester in the Music Department of an area public 
school under the supervision of cooperating teachers. 
Experiences are provided according to the individual 
student's selection of a track program, with emphasis 
on general, instrumental, or keyboard/vocal areas. Re- 
quirements are: (1) a cumulative grade-point average 
of 2.0 during the first six semesters in college, (2) 
ability to demonstrate proficiency in the competencies 
for music teachers as set forth by the Pennsylvania 
Department of Education, (3) approval by the music 
faculty. 12 credits. 

Instrumental Courses 

Class Instruction in Band and Orchestral In- 
struments. Practical courses in which students, in 
addition to being taught the fundamental principles 
underlying the playing of all band and orchestral in- 
struments, learn to play on instruments of each group, 
viz., string, woodwind, brass, and percussion. Prob- 
lems of class procedure in public schools are dis- 
cussed: transposition of all instruments is taught. En- 
semble playing is an integral part of these courses. 

Brass Instruments (Trumpet [Cornet]. Horn, Trom- 
bone, Baritone. Tuba) 

123. Brass I. A study of two of the above instruments. 
1 credit. 

124. Brass II. A study of the remainder of the above 
instruments. 1 credit. 

Percussion Instruments (Snare Drum. Timpani, Bass 
Drum, etc.) 

227. Percussion I. A study of snare drum only, h 


328. Percussion II. A study of the remainder of the 

above instruments, h credit. 

Woodwind Instruments (Clarinet, Flute, Piccolo, 
Oboe, Saxophone, Bassoon) 

231. Woodwind I. A study of the clarinet, i credit. 

232. Woodwind II. A study of the remainder of the 
above instruments. 1 credit. 

String Instruments (Violin, Viola, Cello, String Bass) 

337. String I. A study of all of the above instruments. 
1 credit. 

338. String II. A continuation of the study of all of 
the above instruments. 1 credit. 

420. Instrumental Seminar — Brass. Application 
of specific techniques to problems of class instruction. 
Prerequisite: Music 124. hor 1 credit. 
430. Instrumental Seminar — Percussion. Appli- 
cation of specific techniques to problems of class in- 
struction. Prerci/u/s/Yi?; Music 328. '^ or 1 credit. 
440. Instrumental Seminar — String. Application 
of specific techniques to problems of class instruc- 
tionPrerequisite: Music 338. h or 1 credit. 
450. Instrumental Seminar — Woodwind. Appli- 
cation of specific techniques to problems of class in- 
struction. Prerequisite: Music 232. Vzor 1 credit. 

Music Organizations 

Opportunities for individual performance in a group 
experience are provided by music organizations. Mem- 
bership in the organizations is open on an audition 
basis to all students of the college. 

601. Symphonic Band. The Blue and White March- 
ing Band of L.V.C. is noted for its half-time perfor- 
mances during the football season. In the Symphonic 
Band the finest original music for band is performed, 
as well as arrangements of the standard repertoire. 
Membership in the band is dependent upon the ability 
of the applicant and the instrumentation of the band. 
Students from all departments of the college are in- 
vited to audition. Afe credit. 

602. All-Girl Band. L.V.C. is unique in having one of 
the lew all-girl bands in the nation. All girls in the 
college with ability as instrumentalists are welcome 
to audition. Membership depends upon proficiency 
and the needs of the band regarding instrumentation. 
No credit. 

603. Symphony Orchestra. The Symphony Orches- 
tra is an organization of symphonic proportions main- 
taining a high standard of performance. A professional 
interpretation of a wide range of standard orchestral 
literature is insisted upon.A'o credit. 

604. Concert Choir. The Concert Choir is composed 
of approximately fifty voices, selected by audition. All 
phases of choral literature are studied intensively. In 
addition to on-campus programs and appearances on 
radio and television, the Concert Choir makes an an- 
nual tour. No credit. 

605. College Chorus.* The College Chorus provides 
an opportunity to study and participate in the presen- 
tation of choral literature of major composers from all 
periods of music history. It is open to all students vyho 
are interested in this type of musical performance and 
who have had some experience in singing. Sacred 
music majors. No credit. 

606. Chapel Choir. The Chapel Choir is composed of 
approximately forty voices, selected by audition. The 
main function of this choir is to provide musical lead- 
ership in the college's chapel services. In addition, 
seasonal services of choral music are prepared. No 

607. Beginning Ensemble. A training band and or- 
chestra in which students play secondary instruments 
and become acquainted with elementary band and or- 
chestral literature. Opportunity is given for advanced 
conducting students to gain experience in conducting. 
No credit. 

608. Wind Ensemble. The Wind Ensemble provides 
an opportunity for advanced players of wind and per- 
cussion instruments to play the growing repertoire of 
music being written for this medium. In addition, stan- 
dard classical works for wind and/or percussion in- 
struments are played. The members of this organiza- 
tion are chosen by audition. A'o credit. 
Instrumental Small Ensembles. Open to the ad- 
vanced player on an audition basis. 

611. String Trio.Afo credit. 

612. String Quartet. A^o credit. 

613. Clarinet Choir. No credit. 

614. Woodwind Quintet. A'o credit. 

615. Brass Ensemble. A'o credit. 

616. Percussion Ensemble. A'o creAV. 

617. Saxophone Trio. A'o credit. 

618. Saxophone Quartet. A'o credit. 

619. Saxophone Quintet. Ab credit. 

620. Saxophone Ensemble. Ab credit. 

621. Flute Ensemble. A'o credit. 

622. Horn Ensemble. A'o crerf//. 

The History and Appreciation of Music 

100. History and Appreciation of Music. A course 
for the non-music major designed to increase the indi- 
vidual's musical perceptiveness. Through selective, in- 
tensive listening, the student develops concepts of 
musical materials and techniques. The vocabulary 
thus gained is utilized in a survey of Western music 
beginning with the 20th century and progressing back- 
wards to the Middle Ages. This course is designed 
primarily for the student with no previous musical 
background. May not be taken if student completed 
Music 341 and/or 342. 3 credits. 

321. Hymnology. A study of the historical develop- 
ment of hymns and hymn singing and an in-depth ap- 
proach to the 'current hymnodical practices of the 
Christian churches. Sacred music majors. 2 credits. 

322. Sacred Choral Literature Seminar. A study 
of sacred choral literature to extend the scope of the 
student's familiarity with major works and to promote 
further investigation. Emphasis is placed upon the de- 
velopment of sound aesthetic judgment in selecting 
literature for various liturgical settings. Examination 
is made of standard oratorios, requiems, cantatas and 
anthems; sources for materials are identified. Sacred 
music majors. 2 credits. 

Music 85 

341/342. History and Literature of Music I, II. A 

survey course of the history of Western music. Empha- 
sis is placed on the various stylistic developments 
which have occurred from one era to another, on the 
composers who have been responsible for these devel- 
opments, and the music written during these various 
eras illustrating these stylistic trends. For this pur- 
pose, extensive use of recordings is made a part of the 
course. The first semester includes the development 
of music up to the Baroque era, the second semester 
from the Baroque to the present. May not be taken if 
student completed Music 100. 3 credits per semester. 
351, 352, 353, 354. Organ Seminar I, II, III, IV. 
A four-semester sequence based upon the investiga- 
tion and study of the following: 3,51— Organ Design 
and Registration; 352 — Organ History and Literature. 
(Early times through the mid-Baroque with emphasis 
upon French and German music); 353 — Organ His- 
tory and Literature. (An investigation of the organ lit- 
erature of J. S. Bach and his contemporaries; organ 
literature of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.); 
354 — Church Service Playing; Required for organ stu- 
dents majoring in music and sacred music; open to 
other students with the approval of the instructor. 2 
credits per semester 

406. Piano Seminar. A survey of the history of the 
piano including a brief review of its predecessors; a 
study of the literature for the instrument, with special 
emphasis on that available to the average .student; a 
study of the problems encountered in the preparation 
of piano material, its presentation in recital, and re- 
lated pedagogical problems. Required for all piano 
students majoriny in music; open to other students 
witli the approval of the instructor. 2 credits. 
421. Liturgy. A study of the music and its forms as 
related to the historical development of the current 
practice of the service of the Christian churches. Sa- 
cred music majors. 2 credits. 

462. Music Literature Seminar. A study of music 
literature to extend the scope of students' familiarity 
with major instrumental works and to promote further 
investigation. Designed especially for the major in 

Music Edu- 

(See Music) 

music with application of accumulated knowledge in 
theory, music history, and musical form. The course 
includes examination of various theories of aesthetics 
as they apply to music, a survey of orchestral litera- 
ture, study of twentieth-century compositions, and 
student pursuit of a project of each individual's own 
interest.. l/)/'/'i?t/ music majors. 3 credits. 


246. Principles of Conducting. Principles of con- 
ducting and the technique of the baton are presented. 
Each student conducts vocal and instrumental ensem- 
bles made up of the class personnel. 2 crt'c///s. 
345. Instrumental Conducting. Emphasis on prac- 
tical work with instrumental groups. I^ehearsal tech- 
niques are applied through individual experience. 2 

347. Choral Conducting. Further refinement of the 
conductor's basic technique applied to the choral idiom. 
Laboratory situations will provide for training in areas 
of rehearsal procedures, materials, and special prob- 
lems of choral conducting: diction, tonal development 
and style. 2 credits. 

Applied Music Instruction 

132. Diction for Singers. An introduction to the 
pronunciation of singer's English, German, French, 
Italian, and Latin, utilizing the International Pho- 
netic Alphabet. Required for all voice students ma- 
joring in music, all students majoriny in sacred music, 
and all keyboard-vocal track students majoring in 
tnusic education: open to other students with the ap- 
proval of the instructor. 1 credit. 
510. Class Piano Instruction. 7 credit. 
520. Class Voice Instruction. 1 credit. 
530. Individual Instruction. (Voice, Piano, Organ, 
Orchestra and Band Instruments.) Piano study (pri- 
vate or class) is required for a minimum of two years. 7 

540. Individual Instruction. (Voice, Piano, Organ, 
Orchestra and Band Instruments.) A charge is made 
for the second half-hour of instruction.2crec//^':. 

Departmental Honors and Independent 

500. Independent Study. A course designed for the 
student who desires to engage in independent study, 
either with or without departmental honors. 1-3 cred- 
its per semester. (Maximum of 9). 

The Student Recitals 

The student recitals are of inestimable value to all 
students in acquainting them with a wide range of the 
best musical literature, in developing musical taste 
and discrimination, in affording experience in appear- 
ing before an audience, and in gaining self-reliance as 
well as nerve control and stage demeanor. Students at 
all levels of performance appear in these student recit- 

Lebanon Valley College has developed a cooperative program in Nuclear Medicine 
Technology with the University of Virginia Medical Center. The student spends three 
years at Lebanon Valley College, taking a minimum of 92 semester hours. During the 
junior year, application is made to the University of Virginia Medical Centers School of 
Nuclear Medicine Technology, and if accepted into their program, the student spends 
the fourth year at that institution. After successfully completing this course of study the 
degree of Bachelor of Science, with a major in nuclear medicine technology, is awarded 
by Lebanon Valley College. 

Requirements: Biology 111,112, 201, 202, 452 (Special Topics in Human Anatomy); 
Chemistry 111, 112, 113, 114, 213, 214; Physics 103, 104 or 111, 112; Mathematics 102, 
101 or 161, 166; Computer Programming 170; courses to meet the general requirements 
(to include one course in psychology and one course in sociology) and an overall mini- 
mum of 92 hours of work at LVC. The following courses are strongly recommended: 
Chemistry 216; Physics 211; Mathematics 170. 

The nursing program at Lebanon Valley College offers students the opportunity to 
obtain a liberal arts education in connection with an accredited hospital school of 
nursing of their choice. Each student spends two years at Lebanon Valley College and a 
minimum of two years at an accredited hospital school of nursing from which credits are 
accepted and counted toward graduation. Either phase of the program may be taken 
prior to the other. 

Although the college is not affiliated with the National League of Nurses, we do not 
find that this is a drawback to our nursing program. Each year Lebanon Valley College 
attracts numerous nursing students to a program which has proven to be highly flexible. 
Following the completion of their two years of work at LVC, nursing students may 
transfer to a hospital nursing school of their choice. Students at schools with a nursing 
school affiliation, on the other hand, must transfer to the hospital nursing school affi- 
liated with their undergraduate institution. Also, under Lebanon Valley's program, tui- 
tion is paid to LVC only for the two years of academic training on our campus. The 
tuition, then, for clinical training is paid to the hospital at the lower hospital tuition 

Each year Lebanon Valley s nursing majors transfer to hospitals of their choice includ- 
ing such schools as Columbia University School of Nursing, Reading General Hospital, 
Sacred Heart Hospital, Lancaster General Hospital, Muhlenberg Hospital (NJ), Geisin- 
ger Medical Center, Chester County School of Nursing, Allentown General Hospital, 
Lankenau, and the Einstein Hospital School of Nursing, Philadelphia. 

Graduates of the LVC nursing program are employed in a variety of positions including 
positions on nursing staffs of numerous hospitals, as well as continuing their educations 
in their professional areas. 

Degree: B.S. degree with a major in nursing. 

Major: A year's study of a natural science (from among Biology 101/102, or 1 1 1/112; 
Biology 451/452; courses to meet the general requirements and an overall minimum of 
64 hours of work on the LVC campus. 


Dr. Pollack 


Dr. Wolf 

Nursing 87 



Dr. Heffner 
Mr. Thompson (Chrnn.) 

The study of philosophy at Lebanon Valley College directly involves the student in 
the process of sharpening critical and analytical abilities. This is accomplished by 
relatively small classes which are taught by a combination of the lecture and the discus- 
sion method. In advanced courses the discussion method is predominant. In all classes 
heavy emphasis is placed upon the writing of critical and analytic papers dealing with 
various aspects of philosophical thought as it pertains, for example, to the questions and 
issues of knowledge, human values and conduct, history, politics, religion, science, 
society, and the nature of human beings. Lebanon Valley College offers such study since 
it is a vitally important part of liberal learning. 

Extensive studies in philosophy, whether done by means of a full major specialization, 
or through the taking of a number of courses, provides an excellent background and 
preparation for post-graduate activities such as law school and legal studies, business, 
theological and seminary training. Undergraduate study in philosophy is also an appro- 
priate field of intellectual activity for the student who is not preparing for any specific 
vocation or profession and who desires a broad undergraduate exposure to humanistic 

Students, even those planning for specialized occupation following their graduation 
with a major in philosophy, are encouraged to pursue a double major with another 
discipline such as English literature, a foreign language, religion, history, or business. A 
double major is easily arranged and will aid in insuring a broader program of study in 
liberal learning. 


Students who wish to do independent work in philosophy beyond the scope of courses 
listed in the college catalog may elect, with departmental approval, to take Independent 
Study, Philosophy 500, which is conducted in a tutorial fashion. 

A junior or senior student may, with departmental permission, undertake to do indi- 
vidual study for honors by enrollment in Philosophy 500, Independent Study. This 
involves the writing and oral defense of a detailed research project or critical study on an 
approved topic. This program is open ordinarily only to departmental majors who have 
done well in their course work and are aiming at advanced work in philosophy; it is not, 
however, limited to such students. The student who successfully meets the requirements 
of the program shall be recommended to the dean of the faculty for graduation with 
departmental honors. 

Degree: B.A. degree with a major in philosophy. 

Major: Philosophy 120 plus an additional 21 hours of philosphy courses for a total of 
24 hours. 

88 Philosophy 

Courses in Philosophy 

110. Problems of Philosophy. An introduction to 
some of the main problems of philosophy and to the 
ways in which leading philosophers have dealt with 
them. As part of this course, students learn the critical 
analysis of ideas. 3 credits. 
120. General Logic. An introduction to the rules of 

clear and effective thinking. Attention is given to the 
logic of meaning, the logic of valid inference, and the 
logic of factual inquiry. Main emphasis is laid upon 
deductive logic, and students are introduced to the 
elements of symbolic logic as well as to traditional 
modes of analysis. 3 credits. 

228. Ethics. An inquiry into the central problems of 
ethics, with an examination of the responses of major 
ethical theories to those problems. 3 credits. 
231. Philosophy of Religion. A study of the issues 
raised for philosophy by contemporary religious and 
theological thought. A critical examination of such 
problems as faith and reason: the meaning of revela- 
tion, symbolism, and language; the arguments for the 
existence of God: faith and history; religion and cul- 

240. Philosophy in the United States. A survey of 
philosophical thought in the United States from the 
colonial period to the present, with emphasis on the 
work of Peirce. James, and Dewey.3 crt?rf//.s. 
323. Greek Philosophy. A study of the evolution of 
philosophy from its origin in the speculations of the 
pre-Socratic nature philosophers to the work of 
Hellenistic philosophers of the fourth century, with 
emphasis on the thought of Plato and Aristotle. Prc- 
requisite: Philosophy 110 or consent of the instruc- 
tor. 3 credits. 

326. Medieval Philosophy. The history of philoso- 
phy is traced from the decline of the Hellenistic Age 
to the Renaissance, with emphasis on the development 
and subsequent criticism of the systematic elabora- 
tions of the schoolmen of the late Middle Ages. Pre- 
requisite: Philosophy 110 or consent of the instruc- 
tor. 3 credits. 

333. Modern Philosophy. This course follows the 
development of philosophic thought in the writings of 
the principalthinkers from the Renaissance to the be- 

ginning of the nineteenth century, with emphasis on 
the work of Hume and Kant.Prc'rL'i/!//.s;7e; Philosophy 
110 or cortsent of the instructor 3 credits. 
336. Twentieth Century Philosophy. An examina- 
tion of the foremost American. British, and Continen- 
tal philosophers from 1900 to the present. Prerequi- 
site: Philosophy 110 or consent of the instructor 3 

350-359. Special Topics in Philosophy. 3 credits 
per semester 

442. Seminar. Discussion of selected problems of 
philosophy. Open to upperclassmen only, with con- 
sent of the instructor. 3 credits. 
500. Independent Study. Prerequisite: consent of 
the instructor. 3 credits per semester. (Maximum of 9). 

While there is no major offered in physical education, two semesters of participation 
are required for graduation. The requirement of physical education is justified by the 
Physical Education Department's aim to encourage attitudes and habits of good total 
health, to develop the student's physical capacities, and to provide activities which will 
enrich leisure throughout one's life. 

In addition to the family physician's report, it is strongly recommended that all enter- 
ing students also undergo a thorough visual examination. 

Students are required to wear the regulation gymnasium outfit, which may be pur- 
chased at the college store. 

Physical Ed- 


Mr. Correll 
Miss Harriger 
Mr. Petrofes 
Mr. Reed 

Courses in Physical Education 

110. Physical Education (Men) (Women). (Men) 
The physical education activities include: touch foot- 
ball, basketball, Softball, volleyball, badminton, hand- 
ball, tennis, swimming, soccer, and paddleball. 

(Women) The physical education activities include: 
soccer, Softball, swimming, archery, volleyball, bad- 
minton, tennis, speedball, field hockey, basketball, and 
paddleball. jVo credit. 

Phys. Ed. 89 



Mr. O'Donnell 

Dr. Rhodes (Chmn.) 

Dr. Thompson 

90 Physics 

The Department of Physics at Lebanon Valley College attempts to develop in the 
student an increased understanding of the basic laws of nature as they relate to our 
physical environment, and to indicate the possible extent, as well as the limitations, of 
our knowledge of the physical world. 

In this age of science and technology when members of a free society must make 
decisions on such issues as the size of a national space program, the rate of development 
of nuclear energy, and the control of environmental pollution, physics has an important 
contribution to make toward the liberal education of people involved in the decision- 
making process. 

The Department of Physics strives to be of service to as many students as possible in 
a variety of curriculum. For those who will not pursue a science major the department 
offers a course dealing with the impact of physics on society. For those with a strong 
interest in music the department offers a course in the physics of music. 

Since physics, as the basic natural science dealing with forces, motion, energy, heat, 
sound, light, electromagnetism, electronics, atomic structure, and the structure and 
interactions of all matter, underlies work in all other natural sciences as well as the areas 
of applied science including engineering, the department offers comprehensive introduc- 
tory courses for students majoring in any of the natural sciences. 

For those students who plan careers in the field of physics, or in engineering, or in any 
area in which several natural sciences overlap (astrophysics, biophysics, geophysics, and 
computer science), the department offers a three or four year sequence of courses to 
prepare for future employment or for further study in a chosen field. 

Laboratory work is an integral part of all physics courses, and is designed to acquaint 
the student with the experimental techniques and the measuring instruments appropri- 
ate to the various areas of investigation. 

To the graduate with a degree in physics, positions are available in research and 
development in governmental laboratories, such as the National Bureau of Standards, 
Goddard Space Center, Naval Research Laboratory, and also in industrial laboratories. 
Those students who have had a semester of professional preparation in teaching will find 
jobs available in the teaching of physics and mathematics in secondary schools. A 
background in physics may also prepare a student for study at the graduate level not only 
in physics, but also in various fields of engineering, astronomy and astrophysics, geology 
and geophysics, meterology, biophysics, computer science and others. 

Recent LVC graduates in physics hold such varied positions as technical research 
assistant at Hershey Medical Center, electrical engineer at the Naval Air Research 
Center, research physicist with Exxon Corporation, technical writer and abstracter at 
the Research Laboratory of the Franklin Institute, Philadelphia, research physicist at the 
Frankford Arsenal, Philadelphia, and post-doctoral fellow in cryogenic physics, the 
University of Pennsylvania. Graduate schools represented include the University of Penn- 
sylvania and the University of Texas. 


Independent Study, Physics 500, is available to all physics majors with the approval of 
the departmental chairman. Experimental facilities are available in the department for 

independent investigations in X-ray diffraction, neutron reactions, radioactivity, Moss- 
bauer effect, gamma ray spectroscopy, and wave analysis. Theoretical problems may be 
chosen from classical physics, statistical mechanics, or quantum mechanics. 

Physics majors who have demonstrated high academic ability may, with the permis- 
sion of the departmental chairman and the dean of the faculty, participate in the depart- 
mental honors program in physics. Application for admission to this program should be 
made before the end of the junior year. A student admitted to the program enrolls in 
Physics 500 and works on an experimental or theoretical research project, normally for 
a period of a year, with departmental supervision. Upon the satisfactory completion of 
an approved project and the formal presentation of a research paper before an examining 
committee, the student will be recommended to the dean of the faculty for graduation 
with departmental honors. 

Degree: B.S. degree with a major in physics. 

Major. Physics 111, 112, 211, 311, 321, 322, plus six additional semester hours (at 
least two in experimental physics), for a total of 30 hours. Also required are Math 161, 
162, 261, and 266 or Math HI, 112, 211 and 266. 

Courses in Physics 

100. Physics and Its Impact. A course designed to 
acquaint the student, especially the non-science major, 
with some of the important concepts of physics, both 
classical and modern, and with the scientific method, 
its nature and its limitations. The role of physics in 
the history of thought and its relationships to other 
disciplines and to society and government are consid- 
ered. The weekly two-hour laboratory period provides 
experience in the acquisition, representation, and 
analysis of experimental data, and demonstration of 
the physical phenomena with which the course deals. 
4 credits. 

103, 104. General College Physics I, II. An intro 
duction to the fundamental concepts and laws of the 
various branches of physics, including mechanics, heat, 
sound, electricity, magnetism, optics, and atomic and 
nuclear structure, with laboratory work in each area. 4 
credits per semester. 

110. The Physics of Music. This course, for students 
with an interest in music, comprises a study of wave 
motion, the analysis and synthesis of waves, reso- 
nance, physical characteristics of music sounds, mu- 
sical instruments, the reproduction and amplification 
of sound, and the acoustical properties of rooms. A 
working knowledge of algebra arid trigonometry is 
required. 3 credits. 

111, 112. Principles of Physics I, II. An introduc- 
tory course in classical physics, designed for students 
who desire a more rigorous mathematical approach to 
college physics than is given in Physics 103, 104, Cal- 
culus is used throughout. The first semester is devoted 
to mechanics and heat, and the second semester to 

electricity, magnetism, and optics, with laboratory 
work in each area. This course should be followed by 
Physics 211. Prerequisite or corequisite: Mathemat- 
ics 111 or 161. 4 credits per semester. 

211. Atomic and Nuclear Physics. .An introduction 
to modern physics, including the foundation of atomic 
physics, the quantum theory of radiation, and atomic 
nucleus, radioactivity, and nuclear reactions, with lab- 
oratory work in each area. Prerequisite: Physics 104 
or 112. 4 credits. 

212. Introduction to Electronics. The physics of 
electrons and electronic devices, including diodes, 
transistors, power supplies, amplifiers, oscillators, 
switching circuits, and servomechanisms, with labo- 
ratory work in each area. Prerequisite: Physics 104 or 
112, or permission of the instructor. 4 credits. 

Physics 91 


(See History and Political 

311, 312. Analytical Mechanics I, II. A rigorous 
study of classical mechanics, including the motion of 
a single particle, the motion of a system of particles, 
and the motion of a rigid body. Damped and forced 
harmonic motion, the central force problem, the Euler 
description of rigid body motion, and the Lagrange 
generalization of Newtonian mechanics are among the 
topics treated. Prerequisites: Physics 111 a/id Math- 
ematics 266. 3 credits per semester 
321, 322. Electricity and Magnetism I, II. Theory 
of the basic phenomena of electromagnetism, together 
with the application of fundamental principles to the 
solving of problems. The electric and magnetic prop- 
erties of matter, direct current circuits, alternating 
current circuits, the Maxwell field equations, and the 
propagation of electromagnetic waves are among the 
topics treated. Prerequisites: Physics 112 and Math- 
ematics 266. 3 credits per semester. 
327/328. Experimental Physics I, II. Experimen 
tal work selected from the areas of mechanics, A.C. 
and D.C. electrical measurements, optics, atomic phys- 
ics, or nuclear physics, with emphasis on experimental 
design, measuring techniques, and analysis of data. 
Prerequisite: Physics 211. 1 credit per semester. 
421, 422. Modern Physics I, II. A study of selected 
topics in modern physics, utilizing the methods of 
quantum mechanics. The Schrodinger equation is 
solved for such systems as potential barriers, potential 

wells, the linear oscillator, and the hydrogen atom. 
Perturbation techniques and the operator formalism 
of quantum mechanics are introduced where appropri- 
ate. Prerequisites: Physics 211 and Mathematics 
266, or permissiori of the instructor 3 credits per se- 

430. The Teaching of Physics in Secondary 
Schools. A course designed to acquaint the student 
with some of the special methods, programs, and prob- 
lems in the teaching of physics in secondary schools. 
Required for secondary certification in physics. 1 

480. Special Topics in Physics. A course in one or 
more of the following areas of physics is offered each 
semester, and is open, with the approval of the instruc- 
tor, to juniors and seniors from any department. 

(a) Thermodynamics. 3 crerf//s. 

(b) Statistical Mechanics. 3 crec///s. 

(c) Optics. 3 credits. 

(d) Nuclear Physics. 3 credZ/s. 

(e) Solid State Physics. 3 cri;rf;Ys. 

(f) Mathematical V\\yi\cs. 3 credits. 

500. Independent Study. An experimental or the- 
oretical investigation in a selected area of physics 
under the supervision of a physics staff member. 
Open to all physics majors with the permission of 
the departmental chairman. 1-3 credits per semes- 
ter (Maximum of 9). 



Dr. Carlson 

Dr. Davidson (Chmn.) 

Dr. Lasky 

Dr. Love 

Mr. Smith (Adj.) 

92 Psychology 

For many students courses in psychology are primarily a contribution to their general 
education, a background for more meaningful living. For others a major in psychology is 
pre-professional, leading to graduate study in psychology. Our alumni have done well in 
graduate programs in experimental, clinical, educational, and school psychology. Some 
majors have entered other graduate programs, including social work, medicine, business 
administration, divinity and education. Many who have not gone to graduate school hold 
responsible positions in hospitals, community agencies, government offices, and indus- 

Recently a number of students have chosen a double major, with psychology and either 
education, sociology, business administration, or a foreign language. A double major in 
psychology and education provides certification to teach in elementary school, as well 
as preparation for graduate work. 

In addition to course work there is a program of directed studies, developed individ- 
ually, to introduce the student to research, or to permit pursuing particular academic 
interests by reading, by projects in the laboratory, or by supervised work in a school or 
agency There is also an internship program which may include off-campus, full-time 
work during the summer and part-time work during the academic year. There are semes- 
ter-programs in Philadelphia and abroad. 


For the capable student who wishes to take part in selecting and planning his own 
investigation within particular areas of psychology, a program of independent study and 
research for credit may replace courses. The student is assisted by a member of the 
faculty with whom he has individual conferences. The student's investigation is desig- 
nated as Independent Study (Psychology 500), whether or not he is a candidate for 
departmental honors. 

In order to begin a program of individual study for departmental honors, a psychology 
major is required to: (1) have an over-all grade-point average of 2.5; (2) have an average of 
3.0 in psychology courses; (3) show consistently high interest and initiative; and (4) 
obtain the approval of the departmental staff and the dean of the faculty. 

Graduation with honors in psychology will depend on the quality of independent 
study, the written and oral reports, and the maintenance of the grade-point averages 
specified for admission to the study program. 

Degree: B.A. degree with a major in psychology. 

Major: Psychology 100, 120, 216, 236, 343 and 443; one of the following: 235, 335, 
444; and two of the following: 321, 332, 346, and 431 — for a minimum of 27 hours. 
Students with particular career goals or special academic programs may receive depart- 
mental approval to adjust major requirements to individual needs. 

Courses in Psychology 

100. Psychology: The Individual and Society. 

Psychological approaches to the study of the person 
as the individual develops and interacts with others. 
Representative topics are: human development, learn- 
ing, arousal, motivation, sex, aggression, the self, self- 
control and morality, abnormal behavior, interper- 
sonal attraction, dependency and social attachment. 5 

120. Psychology: By Experiment. An introduction 
to psychology as a laboratory science, emphasizing 
research with people, but including studies of animal 
behavior. The relations of the perceived world to the 
physical environment, the uses of reward to modify 
behavior, ways in which meaning influences verbal 
learning, and the effects of new experiences upon 
memories are among the topics to be presented. The 
course is not a complete survey of psychology, but a 
study of selected sets of experiments to indicate sig- 
nificant principles and the methods used to verify 
i\\em. 3 credits. 

216. Experimental Methods in Behavioral Sci- 
ence. The various methods which enable students to 
critically evaluate behavioral research findings. Ex- 
perimental and correctional procedures are applied to 
problems in behavioral research, biomedical research, 
and program evaluation in health and human service 
agencies. Prerequisite: Psychology 100 or 120 taken 
previously or concurrently. 3 credits. 

Psychology 93 

94 Psychology 

220. Educational Psychology. Review of the psy- 
chological literature concerning cognitive, behav- 
ioral, emotional and social effects of typical educa- 
tional influences. Required for state certification is 
elementary and music education. Prerequisite: Psy- 
chology 100 or 120. 3 credits. 

235. Sensory and Perceptual Processes. Review of 
major areas of investigation of visual, auditory and 
other sensory systems. Psychophysical methods, and 
principles of sensory differentiation and field organi- 
zation are included. Prerequisite: Psychology 120. 3 

236. Learning and Memory. Instrumental and clas- 
sical conditioning techniques are compared and re- 
lated to theories of human and animal learning and 
motivation. Basic methods in the investigation of ver- 
bal learning are introduced. .Analyses of learning in- 
clude cognitive processes. Prerequisite: Psychology 
100 or 120. 3 credit-;. 

237. Laboratory Investigations I: Sensory and 
Perceptual Processes. E.xperiments with human 
subjects, coordinated with topics in Psychology 235. 
Students select sensory/perceptual problems for in- 
vestigation, have a part in the design of experiments, 
conduct trials, do statistical computation, and inter- 
pret the results. Prerequisites: Psychology 120. 216. 
Corequisite: Psychology 235. 1 credit. 

238. Laboratory Investigations II: Learning. An- 
imal and human learning experiments coordinated 
with topics in Psychology 236. Simple learning situa- 
tions are demonstrated. Students conduct investiga- 
tions, analyze data, and write reports. Prerequisite: 
Psychology 100 or 120. Corequisite: Psychology 236. 
1 credit. 

300. Cinematic Conceptions of Man. Viewing films 
as literary works, an examination of the thematic, sty- 
listic, and structural statements and assertions con- 
cerning man's actions and psychology that are made 
by auteurs. and involved in film genres and historical 
periods. Specific topics (e.g.. Fellini. Antonioni. the 
Western, and Neo-Realism) to be selected each term, 
and discussions will be based upon films in a film se- 
ries illustrating the topic, a series held in conjunction 
with the course. May be taken twice for credit. 3 cred- 

321. Childhood and Development. The study of 
cognitive, social and emotional change over the life 
span, as well as the psychological effects of physical 
growth. Special attention is given to research studies, 
developmental mechanisms and theories of develop- 
ment. Students are encouraged to conduct research 
with children. Prerequisite: Psychology 100 or 120. 3 

332. Psychological Testing and Assessment. An 
introduction to basic psychometric theory, and an ov- 
erview of selected personality, ability and attitude 
measuxes. Prerequisites: Psychology 100 or 120; Psy- 

chology 216. Mathematics 1 70. or consent of instruc- 
tor. 3 credits. 

335. Research Design and Statistics. The student 
evaluates published studies and identifies problems in 
the design and execution of both laboratory and ap- 
plied studies. Factorial designs, multivariate tech- 
niques, and non-parametric statistics are covered in 
clinical, organizational, educational and laboratory 
seiVxngs. Prerequisites: Psychology 100 or 120, 216, 
or permission of the instructor. 3 credits. 
337. Organizational Psychology. The application 
of basic psychological principles and findings to prob- 
lems of organizational behavior and psychology in in- 
dustry. Topics to include ecological psychology — man 
environment relations, systems design and analysis, 
human factors engineering, and the evaluation of the 
impact of the organization on the individual. Prereq- 
uisite: Psychology 100 or 120. 3 credits. 
343. Personality. Reasons for individuality and con- 
sistency in the lives of persons are studied. Attention 
is typically given to the role of aggression, altruism, 
anxiety, competence, dependency, and sexuality Psy- 
choanalysis, existential-phenomenology and social 
learning are among the major personality theories to 
be studied. Prerequisites: Psychology 100 or 120: ju- 
nior or senior standing, or permission of the instruc- 
tor 3 credits. 

346. Social Psychology. The study of how groups or 
other individuals interpersonally and intrapersonally 
affect the individual. Emphasis is given to the review 
of research studies and theories. Topics include: atti- 
tude development and change, conformity, persuasion, 
person perception, attribution, attraction, norms, and 
small groups. Prerequisites: Psychology 100 or 120: 
junior or senior standing, or permission of the instruc- 
tor. 3 credits. 

350-399. Special Topics in Psychology. An area of 
investigation of special topics will be considered 
through individual or group study. The courses will 
offer the opportunity for intensive readings, research 
and theories and issues; and prepare papers on selected 
topics. Prerequisites: Psychology 100 or 120: junior 
or senior standing: other prerequisites may be re- 
quired depending on the nature of the course: or per- 
mission of the instructor. 1-3 credits per semester. 

431. Abnormal Behavior and Experience. The 
study of personal problems, including alcohol and 
drug dependence, brain disorders, criminal and psy- 
chopathic behavior, psychoneurosis. psychosomatic 
reactions, psychoses, sexual deviations, subnormal in- 
telligence, suicide, and the disorders of childhood and 
adolescence. Prerequisites: Psychology 100 or 120; 
junior or senior standing, or permission of the instruc- 
tor. 3 credits. 

432. Introduction to Clinical Psychology. An in- 
troduction to the work of psychologists in understand- 
ing and assisting persons who have problems. Partic- 

ular attention is given to clinical interviewing: 
projective techniques, testing and diagnosing: indi- 
vidual and group therapy; marriage and family coun- 
seling; and play therapy with children. Field work in a 
clinical setting. Prerequisites: Psychology 100 or 
120: 431 or nursing training with psychiatric affilia- 
tion, or permission of the instructor. 3 credits. 

443. History and Theory. Philosophical issues, areas 
and trends of investigation, and "schools of psychol- 
ogy" prior to 19A0. Prerequisites: Psychology 100 or 
120 and 236: junior or senior standing, or permission 
of the instructor. 3 credits. 

444. Physiological Psychology. How biological 
processes interrelate with behavioral events in learn- 
ing, thinking, feeling, perceiving, and striving, includ- 
ing neural and hormonal bases for learning, memory, 
and personality. Findings in biofeedback, sexuality, 
sleep, and behavior disorders are examined. Prereq- 
uisite: Psychology 1 00 or 120. 3 credits. 

400. Internship. An applied and academic program 
which combines work in community mental health and 
related agencies, hospitals and schools, with discus 
sions. guided reading, and systematized observations 
Prerequisites: Psychology 100 or 120: junior or se 
nior standing: approval of instructor, based on rele 
rant coursework in psychology and personal attri 
bates: approval of commuriity agency. 1-6 credits per 
semester. (Maximum of 9. or with departmental ap- 
proval, 15). 

500. Independent Study. Individual investigation of 
a selected topic in psychology, involving either an ex- 
periment, a project in the community, or a systematic 
program of reading, each under the supervision of a 
member of the department. This includes conferences 
with the instructor. Prerequisites: Psychology 100 or 
120: one additional psychology course, and permis- 
sion of the department. 1-3 credits. 

Occasionally, an incoming student may have problems with an inabiliy to comprehend 
college material or an inability to study properly. It is for this student that the reading 
and study skills course is intended. 

Reading and 
Study Skills 

110. Reading and Study Skills. A study of tech 
niques intended to improve those skills important to 
reading and to study at the college level. Texts as- 
signed for students' own classes are utilized, and ad- 

ditional resource materials are available in the Media Faculty: 
Center. Students who have SAT verbal .■icores below Dr. M. Albrecht 
450 are strongly advised to take the course. 1 credit. Mr. Woods 

The entire program of the Religion Department at Lebanon Valley College is designed 
to give students insight into the meaning of man's religious experience, and such an 
investigation is particularly appropriate in light of the colleges affirmation of its ties 
with the Christian heritage which fostered the founding of the college in 1886. Course- 
work in the department introduces the student to the various historical and contempo- 
rary expressions of Christian heritage as well as those which acquaint him with the 
diverse religious traditions of mankind. As pre-professional preparation, courses are 
provided for those who are looking toward graduate studies in the humanities, social 
sciences, world cultures, the Christian ministry, world missions, and other church voca- 
tions, as well as the academic teaching of religion. 

Many of the courses in the Religion Department are of general interest to the whole 
campus community, and specific courses are of particular interest to such curriculums as 
philosophy, sociology and sacred music. 

Coursework is supplemented by a number of extra-curricular and off campus oppor- 
tunities including field trips to museums including the Philadelphia Museum of Art and 
the University of Pennsylvania museum (World Religions), and a visit to the nationally 
historic Ephrata Cloister in nearby Lancaster County (Religion in America). 

Majors in the department hold monthly meetings planned around topics of their own 



Dr. Byrne (Chmn.) 
Dr. Cantrell 
Dr. Troutman 
Dr. Wethington 

Religion 95 

choosing for a kind of pre-professional growth and enrichment. Discussion subjects 
include examination of personal faith and commitment as well as anticipated situations 
in future work following graduation. 

While field experience in religion is not discouraged (some religion majors serve as 
youth ministers, supply pastors, and Sunday school teachers) the department primarily 
encourages a solid academic background prior to continued education at a theological 
school or seminary. 

Although the college is related to the United Methodist Church and its forerunner the 
Evangelical United Brethren Church, departmental majors come from a variety of reli- 
gious backgrounds as does the whole campus community. Likewise, graduates of the 
department have been able to attend virtually any seminary or graduate school of their 
choice including schools such as Duke University, Princeton, Boston University, United 
Theological Seminary and Wesley Theological School. 


Students wishing to participate in the departmental honors program in the depart- 
ment may do so by fulfilling the following requirements: (1) achieve high academic 
standing in departmental courses; (2) submit a paper in connection with a course beyond 
the first year courses; (3) apply and receive approval for participation in departmental 
honors from the departmental chairman and the dean of the faculty by the end of the 
first semester of the junior year; (4) prepare an essay of 10,000 words or more under the 
direction of a member of the department to be submitted by March 15 of the senior year; 
(5) defend the essay before a faculty committee selected by the department chairman 
and the dean of the faculty. 

On the basis of his performance in the essay and the oral examination, the departmen- 
tal chairman and the dean of the faculty will determine whether or not the candidate is 
to receive departmental honors. 

Degree: B.A. degree with a major in religion 

Major: Religion 110, 222, 331, 404, one course ft-om among 202, 211, 212, and 
electives (including Greek 321, 431) for a total of 24 hours. The following courses are 
recommended for a major in religion: Biology 101, Greek 101/102, 111/112, History 
111/112, Philosophy 110, 231, Psychology 110, and Sociology 110, 321. 

96 Religion 

Courses in Religion 

110 Introduction to Religion. An exploration of 
the many dimensions of religion as a central human 
experience by examining such topics as: varieties of 
religious experience and expression, religious knowl- 
edge, the self and meaning, religion in its sociocul- 
tural context, religion and the natural order, and the 
universal issues such as death, the End, evil, suffering, 
and the moral oxAex. 3 credits. 

111. Introduction to Biblical Thought. An exam- 
ination of some of the basic themes of Biblical religion 
in relation to their historical context and their con- 
temporary implications. 3 cr(?d;Ys. 

112. Introduction to the Christian Faith. A sys- 
tematic inquiry into the areas of religious languages, 
religious knowledge, and the doctrines of God, man, 
Christ, and the Church. 3 credits. 
120. Religion in America. A study of contemporary 
Judaism, Roman Catholicism, and Protestantism in 
the United States, including a brief historical back- 
ground of each. Some attention is given to the various 
religious sects and cults. 5 creaf//s. 
130. American Folk Religion. A study the folk tra- 
ditions of selected American denominations and sects, 
and of the theological implications of "secular" folk- 

lore. Emphasis will be placed on field-work as well as 
on analysis. Prt'rt'</i//s//tv Religion 120 or permission 
of instructor. 3 credits. 

140. World Religions. An examination of the rise 
and development of religion along with a study of the 
ideas, and cultic and ethical practices of the great 
world faiths. Special attention given to Asian reli- 
gions. J crt't/(7,s. 

202. The Prophets. A study of the lives and writings 
of the Old Testament prophets, and an analysis of their 
contributions to Hebrew-Christian religious thought. 
Prerequisite: Religion 111. 3 credits. 
206. Near East Archaeology and the Bible. An 
examination of archaeology in biblical lands, its meth- 
ods, objectives, and contributions to the areas of his- 
tory, culture, and reUgion. Preregui.^ite: Religion 111 
or permission of instructor. 3 credits. 

211. Life and Teachings of Jesus. An intensive 
study of the life and message of Jesus as set forth in 
the Gospels. Prerequisite: Religion 111. or permis- 
sion of instructor 3 credits. 

212. Life and Epistles of Paul. A study of the life, 
writings, and theological thought of Paul and their 
relationship to the practices, problems, and beliefs of 
the early church. Prert>(/;«'.s-//t'.- Religion 111 or 112. 3 

222. Christian Ethics. A systematic analysis of the 
implications of the Christian faith both for personal 
moral decision, and for social policy in such areas as 
marriage and family government and political life, 
work and the economic order. Prerequisite: Religion 
111 or 112. 3 credits. 

331. Christian IVadition and Reform. A study of 
the major and continuing strains in the history of 
Christianity and the principal reform movements. Re- 
quired of majors and strongly recommended for all pre- 
theological students. 3 credits. 

332. Theological Issues in Contemporary Secu- 
lar Authors. Identification, analysis, and interpreta- 
tion of issues of special theological import raised by 
thinkers representing "non-theological" disciplines. 
Prerequisite: Religion 112 or consent of instructor 3 

340. Introduction to Christian Nurture. .An inves- 
tigation of some of the principles and problems of 
religious education as they are related to higher edu- 
cation, the public school, the church school, and the 
home. Prerequisite: Religion 111 or 112. 3 credits. 

403. Seminar in Classical Christian Thinkers. An 
intensive study of the thought of such classical reli- 
gious thinkers as Augustine, Aquinas, Luther, and 
others. 3 credits. 

404. Seminar in Selected Religious Problems. A 
study of selected problems arising from recent theo- 
logical efforts. Research methodology is stressed. /?c- 
quired of majors and strongly recommended for all 
pre-theological students: others tyy permi.'ision of the 
chairman of the department. Prerequisite: Religion 
111 and 112. 3 credits. 

500. Independent Study. Request guidelines from 
adviser, i -3 credits per semester. (Maximum of 9). 


(See Music) 

The social sciences examine the structure of society and the behavior of human beings 
in group relationships within that structure. This interdisciplinary program provides an 
opportunity for the student to explore the basic concepts of a broad spectrum of social 
science disciplines— economics, history, political science, and sociology— and then to 
do more concentrated work in his choice of one of these subject areas. 

The program also offers basic preparation for graduate, theological, and law schools, 
and for careers in business, government, social work, and teaching. 

Degree: B.A. degree with a major in social science. 

Major. Basic Requirements: Economics 110/120, History 125/126, Political Sci- 
ence 111/112, Sociology 110 and 251, for a total of 24 hours. 

Concentration Requirements (One of the following): 

Social Sci- 

Dr. Geffen 

Soc. Sci. 97. 

Economics: Economics 409, 490 and any other two courses in economics for a mini- 
mum of 12 hours. 

History: History 213, 412, and any other two courses in history for a minimum of 12 

PoHtical Science: Pohtical Science 217, 412, and any other two courses in political 
science for a minimum of 12 hours. 

Sociology: Sociology 311, 432, and any other courses in sociology for a minimum of 
12 hours. 


and Social 



Mr. Clay (Chmn.) 
Dr. Hanes 
Mr. Raiten 

98 Soc.&Soc.Serv. 

Students who major in sociology at Lebanon Valley College do so to benefit from a 
richer understanding of contemporary issues, and are encouraged to develop a strong 
sense of personal selfhood and identity. The primary motivation for majoring in social 
service is that ours is a service-oriented society, and such a major increases the job 
competitiveness for a student who is interested in social work, social welfare, or in a 
related field. 

Students majoring in social service may elect to concentrate their studies in one of 
four areas: criminal justice— dealing with incarceration and its alternatives, family inter- 
vention—counselling with families as a unit, gerontology— working with the aging, and 
thanatology— focusing on care for the terminally ill. 

In addition to providing the necessary coursework needed for majors in sociology and 
social service, the department has developed an extensive network of community service 
agency positions where students may participate in internships to gain valuable pre- 
professional training. Agencies represented in internship programs include: Lebanon 
County Workshop, RSVP, Child Welfare, area nursing homes, and state government 
agencies in Harrisburg. 

Recent graduates in the department have attended graduate school at the University 
of California-Berkeley, Oklahoma, Rutgers, Stanford, Northwestern, Maryland, the Col- 
lege of William and Mary, and the University of York (United Kingdom). Graduates have 
assumed positions in the Lehigh Valley Head Start program, the Lancaster Community 
Action Program, Urbana College, Montours State Hospital, the Children's Care Center 
in Harrisburg, the Camden County (N.J.) Welfare Board, and the Penn State Extension 

Degrees: B.A. degree with a major in sociology. B.S. degree with a major in social 

Major: (Sociology) Sociology 110, 311, 421, and 432, plus 15 additional hours in 
Sociology. (Social Service) Sociology 110 and 311; Social Service 262, 341, 9 semester 
hours of Social Service 400 plus one of the following options: No Concentration— Two 
courses selected from Sociology 122, 232, 273, and 282, for a total of 32-33 hours; 
Criminal Justice Concentration— Sociology 273, 275, and 302, for a total of 36 hours; 
Family Intervention Concentration— Sociology 232, 242, Social Service 342, for a total 
of 34 hours; Gerontology Concentration— Sociology 232, 242, 291, and 302, for a total 
of 37 hours; Thanatology Concentration— Sociology 232, 242, 351, and Social Service 
342, for a total of 37 hours. 

Courses in Sociology 

110. Introduction to Sociology. A systematic study 
of the major concepts, methods, and area of sociology 
focusing on the nature of society, the behavior of social 
groups, and the impact of society on individuals. 3 

122. Social Problems. An in-depth investigation of 
selected problems of contemporary life as seen through 
different analytical perspectives. Prerequisite: Soci- 
ology 110. 3 credits. 

211. Urbanology. An inquiry into the nature and de- 
gree of urbanization in the United States and the 
world, and of the impact of urban life on contemporary 
soc'\e\.y. Prerequisite: Sociology 110. 3 credits. 
232. Family Sociology. An intensive study of the 
family as a social institution which varies from one 
social-historical context to dinoi\\e\. Prerequisite: So- 
ciology 110. 2 credits. 

242. Marriage Making. A look at the marriage pat- 
tern, from initial dating to final dissolution, which 
most Lebanon Valley students can e.xpect to encoun- 
ter, Prc'rei/ii/.s/te Sociology 110. 2 credits. 
251. Introduction to Anthropology. A general 
survey of the uses and methods of anthropology focus- 
ing on the interaction of physical, economic, and cul- 
tural factors in the development of people and their 
behavior. 3 credits. 

273. Criminology. An investigation of the social 
phenomenon of crime, including consideration of the 
nature, causes, and responses to behavior which is de- 
fined as criminal or deviant. Prerequisite: Sociology 
110. 3 credits. 

275. Criminal Justice. An in-depth examination of 
the strengths and weaknesses of our criminal justice 
system and of possible alternatives to \\.. Prerequisite: 
Sociology 110. 3 credits. 

282. Social Inequality. An analysis of relations 
within and between racial and other ethnic groups. 
Consideration is given to unique historical contexts, 
basic social processes, and emergent contemporary 
developments. Prcri?(7u/s/te Sociology 110. 3 credits. 
291. Gerontology. An investigation of the ways in 
which individuals, families, communities, and society 
as a whole respond to the problems created by aging. 
Prerequisite: Sociology 110. 3 credits. 
302. Community Organization. A study of the 
structure, action, and change of communities as a 
whole and the organizations which comprise them. 
Prerequisite: Sociology 110. 3 credits. 
311. Research Methods. Students learn to develop 
research design, to code data, to interpret and com- 
municate findings, and to utilize and evaluate the re- 
search of others. Prerequisite: Sociology 110, Sociol- 
ogy major, junior or senior status, or permission of 
department chairperson. 3 credits. 

322. Sociology of Religion. An investigation of the 
structure and functions of religious organizations and 
phenomena, with particular emphasis on the varieties 
of religious expression in American society. Prereq- 
uisite: Sociology 110. 3 credits. 
351. Thanatology. An exploration of some of the 
basic legal, medical, ethical, and social issues related 
to death and dying in contemporary society. Prereq- 
uisite: Sociology 110. 3 credits. 
360-399. Topical Seminars in Sociology. A con- 
sideration of selected social issues which are of aca- 
demic interest to students and faculty members. Pre- 
requisite: Sociology 1 10. 3 credits per semester. 
400. Field Experience. An extension and applica- 
tion of knowledge through a supervised internship ex- 
perience in an appropriate agency or organization. 
Prerequisites: Sociology 110, 18 hours in sociology 
and permission of instructor. 3-12 credits. (Ma.ximum 
of 15). 

421. Social Theory. An intensive exploration of the 
major sociological theorists and movements. Prereq- 
uisites: Sociology 110 and 12 hours in the depart- 
ment. 3 credits. 

432. Seminar in Sociology. A critical analysis of 
selected themes and issues in contemporary sociol- 
ogy. Prerci/i/Zs/to/ Sociology llOand 421. 3 credits. 

Soc. & Soc. Sew. 99 


(See Foreign Languages) 

500. Independent study. Directed work in areas ap- 
proved by the instructor. Prerequisites: Sociology 110, 
18 hours in sociology, a cumulative 2.5 average, and 
a contract with the instructor prior to registration for 
the course. 1-3 credits per semester. (Maximum of 9). 

Courses in Social Service 

262. Social Welfare. An introduction to social wel- 
fare policy, past and present, stressing its functions, 
problems, prospects and the dynamics of the policy- 
making process. Prerequisite: Sociology 110. 3 cred- 

331. Social Service Theory. A consideration of the 
various theories underlying social work intervention 
at the individual, family, small group, community and 
societal \e\'e\s. Prerequisites: Sociology 110; Social 
Service 262. 3 credits. 

341. Intervention Methods I. An examination of 
the knowledge and skills required for social work in- 
tervention with individuals, family and small groups, 
emphasizing the methods of social casework, counsel- 
ing, family therapy and social group work. Prerequi- 
sites: Sociology 110; Social Service 262. 3 credits. 

342. Intervention Methods II. A further examina- 
tion of the knowledge and skills required for social 
work intervention, emphasizing advanced clinical 
methods, social planning, community organization 
and social action. Prerequisites: Sociology 110; So- 
cial Service 341. 3 credits. 

400. Field Experience. An extension and applica- 
tion of knowledge through a supervised field place- 
ment experience in a public or private social service 
agency or program. Prerequisites: Sociology 110; So- 
cial Service 331 and 341. 3-12 credits per semester 
(Maxim umof 15). 

442. Seminar in Social Work. A detailed study of a 
relevant social work area: group work, family and chil- 
dren's casework, community organization, or social 
action. Prerequisites: Sociology 110; Social Service 
331 and 341. 3 credits. 

500. Independent study. Directed work in areas ap- 
proved by the instructor. Prerequisites: Sociology 110; 
Social Service 331 and 341, a cumulative 2.5 aver- 
age, and a contract with the instructor prior to regis- 
tration for the course. 1-3 credits per semester. (Max- 
imum of 9). 

100 Soc.&Soc.Seni 

Directories 19S0-S1 


1959-1976; Chaplain Emeritus. 
A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 
1936; M.Div., United Theological 
Seminary. 1939; S.T.M., Lutheran 
Theological Seminary, Phila., 1945; 
S.T.D.. Temple University. 1951. 
1922; 1924-1970; Professor 
Emeritus of Music Education. A.B.. 
Lebanon Valley College. 1915; 
Oberiin Conservatory; graduate 
New England Conservatory. 
\97Z; .Associate Professor Emeri- 
tus of Biology. B.S., Lebanon Val- 
ley College. 1928; M.S.. The Penn- 
sylvania State University. 1937. 
1972; Director Emeritus of Ad- 
missions. A.B., Ohio Wesleyan 
University. 1926; M.A., Columbia 
University. 1932. 

HILDA M. DAMUS, 1963-1976; 
Professor Emeritus of German. 
M.A.. Universitv of Berlin and Jena. 
1932; Ph.D.. Universitv of Berlin. 

1927; 1929-1965. Registrar 
Emeritus. A.B.. Lebanon Valley 
College. 1921. 

1930; 1947-1970: Librarian 
Emeritus. A.B., Lebanon Valley 
College. 1924; M.S.. Princeton 
University, 1928; Ph.D.. University 
of Chicago, 1935; A.B. in Library 
Science, University of Michigan, 

1970iProfessor Emeritus of Phys- 
ics. B.Pd.. State Normal School, 
Millersville. 1910; A.B.. Lebanon 
Valley College. 1912; A.M.. 1918; 
Sc.D.. 1942. 

JUNE EBY HERR, 1959-1980; 
Associate Professor Emeritus of 
Elementary Education. B.S.. Leb- 
anon Valley College. 1943; M.Ed.. 
The Pennsylvania State University. 


1978;.4.';.soc/(i/t' Professor Ejneri- 
tus of Strings. Conducting, and 
Theory. B.Mus.. Baldwin-Wallace 
College, 1938; Fellowship, Juil- 
liard Graduate School; M.Mus.. 
Manhattan School of Music. 1952. 
1976; Professor Emeritus of En- 
glish. A.B.. Lebanon Valley Col- 
lege. 1948; M.A., University of 
Wisconsin. 1950; Ph.D., 1954. 
1960-1975; Professor Erneritus 
of Languages. A.B.. Chatham Col- 
lege. 1928; M.A., Universitv of 
Pittsburgh, 1929; Ph.D.. 1938. 
1932-1958; Professor Emeritus 
of Latin Language and Literature: 
Dean Emeritus. A.B.. Vanderbilt 
Universitv. 1913; A.M., 1914; Ph.D.. 
1917; Lit't.D. Lebanon Valley Col- 
lege, 1962. 

1970; Professor Emeritus of En- 
glish. B.S. in Ed.. University of 
Kansas. 1922; M.S. in Ed., 1925; 
Ph.D.. Universitv of Wisconsin. 


1979;Profes.<;or Emeritus of Music 
Education and Brass. Diploma. 
Curtis Institute of Music. 1931; 
A.B.. American LIniversitv. 1951; 
M.A.. Catholic University. 1952; 
Mus.D. Washington College of 
Music. 1944. 


1973 — iAssistant Professor of Ed- 
ucation. B.A., Northern Baptist Col- 
lege, 1952; M.A., Michigan State 
University, 1958; Ph.D. 1972. 
1978 — ; Assistant Professor of 
Music. B.A., Oberiin College, 1973; 
B.M., 1973; M.M., Eastman School of 
Music, 1975; D.M.A., 1978. 

RICHARD C. BELL, 1966—; 

Assistant Professor of Chemistry. 
B.S., Lebanon Vallev College, 1941; 
M.Ed.. Temple University. 1955. 
JERE S. BERGER, 1977— ;.4'i 
s/s tant Professo r of English . B . A . , 
Oberiin College. 1953; S.T.B., 
Episcopal Theological School, 
1956; S.T.M., Union Theological 
Seminary, 1965; M.F.A.. Carnegie- 
Mellon University, 1969; Ph.D., 

DAVID V. BILGER, 197i—;Ad- 
junct Instructor in Woodwinds. 
B.M.. Ithaca College. 1967. 


Associate Professor of English. 
B.A., Heidelberg College, 1965; 
M.A.. Michigan State Universitv. 
1967; Ph.D.. 1974. 


Adjunct Instructor in Woodwinds. 
B.M., Susquehanna University, 
1973; M.S., Ohio State University, 

FAY B. BURRAS, 1964— ;.4ss/s- 

tant Professor of Mathematics. 
A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 
1960; M.A.. Smith College. 1961. 

1968-1971; 1973—; Assistant 
Professor of Music. B.M.E.. Wart- 
burg College. 1964; M.M., Ffeabody 
Conservatory of Music, 1968. 

1971 — •..A.^ociate Professor of Re- 
ligion: Chairman of the Depart- 
ment of Religion. B.A.. St. Paul 
Seminary, 1963; M.A., Marquette 
University, 1966; Ph.D., Duke Univer- 
sity, 1972. 

1968 — ; Professor of Religion and 
Greek. B.A., Oklahoma City Uiiver- 
sity, 1952; B.D., Southern Methodist 
University, 1956; Ph.D. Boston Uni- 
versity, 1967. 


Assistant Professor of Psychology. 
A.B., Sacramento State College, 
1968; M.A., 1969; Ph.D., Univer- 
sity of Oregon, 1972. 

Facility & 

Faculty & Admin. 101 

102 Faculty & Admin. 


1978 — ; Adjunct Assistant Profes- 
sor of Brass. B.S., Ithaca College, 
1966; M.M.. Indiana I'niversity, 1971. 
ALBERT Y. CHI, 1980— ;,« 
tant Professor of Mattiematics. 
B.A., National Tsing Hua Univer- 
sity, 1969; M.A., Emporia State 
University, 1973; Ed.S., 1974; Ph.D., 
Oklahoma State University. 1979. 
ROBERT A. CLAY, 1978— ;,45 
sistant Professor of Sociology: 
Ctiairman of ttie Department of 
Sociology and Social Service. A.B., 
St. Mary's Seminary and Univer- 
sity, 1962; S.T.B., Pontifical Gre- 
gorian University, 1964; M.A., Cor- 
nell University, 1974. 
Instructor in Physical Education. 
B.S., Bowling Green State Univer- 
sity, 1971; M.Ed., 1972. 
May, 1977; 1979— instructor in 
Biology. B.S., Drew University, 
1973; M.S., University of Mary- 
land, 1977. 

1961—; Professor of Music Edu- 
cation. B.S., Lebanon Valley Col- 
lege, 1953; M.M., Lhiversity of 
Michigan, 1957; DEd., The Ffennsyl- 
vania State University, 1971. 
1980 — ; .-Xssistant Professor of 
Chemistry. B.S., University of Wash- 
ington, 1967; M.S., Cornell Univer- 
sity, 1969; Ph.D, 1971. 
1970 — ; Professor of Psychology: 
Chairman of the Department of 
Psychology. A.B., University of Illi- 
nois, 1940; M.A., University of Ffenn- 
sylvania, 1946; Ph.D., 1951. 
1980 — ; Instructor in Spanish. 
A.B., Rutgers University, 1971; M.A., 
Bryn Mawr College, 1976. 
JAMES L. DUNN, 1972—; Ad- 
junct Instructor in Woodwinds. 
B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1964; 
M.M., University of Michigan, 1968. 

1953 — ; Professor of Education: 
Chairman of the Department of 
Education. A.B., Juniata College, 
1933; M.Ed., The Pennsylvania State 
University, 1941; D.Ed., 1954. 

1971 — ; A.ssistant Professor of 
Voice. B.M.E., Florida State Uni- 
versity, 1969; M.M., 1970. 
1947 — ; Associate Professor of 
Piano and Music History. Mus.B., 
cum laude, Philadelphia Conserva- 
tory, 1949. 

ALEX J. FEHR, 1951— ; Profes- 
sor of Political Science. A.B., Leb- 
anon Valley College, 1950; M.A., 
Columbia University, 1957; Ph.D., 
Syracuse University, 1968. 
1973 — ; Professor of Mathemat- 
ics. B.A., Lehigh University, 1959; 
M.S., 1964; Ph.D., 1967. 
ARTHUR L. FORD, 1965—; 
Professor of English: Chairman of 
the Department of English. A.B., 
Lebanon Valley College, 1959; 
M.A., Bowling Green State Univer- 
sity, 1960; Ph.D., 1964. 
RALPH W. FREY III, 1980—; 
Adjunct Assistant Professor of Ac- 
counting. B.S., University of Mary- 
land, 1964; M.B.A., 1966; D.B.A., 

1970; 1976— ;Adjunct Associate 
Professor of Business Law. A.B., 
Brown University, 1945; J.D., Bos- 
ton University, 1949. 
1958 — ; Professor of History; 
Chairman of the Department of 
History and Political Science. B.S. 
in Ed., University of Pennsylvania, 
1934; M.A., 1936; Ph.D, 1958. 
1979 — ; Assistant Professor of 
Music Education and Brass. B.A., 
University of Delaware, 1957; M.A., 
L^niversity of Iowa, 1971. 
PIERCE A. GETZ, 1959— ; Pro 
fessor of Organ. B.S. , Lebanon Val- 
ley College, 1951; M.S.M., Union 
Theological Seminary School of 
Sacred Music, 1953; A.M.D., East- 
man School of Music, 1967. 
1979 — ; Adjunct Instructor in 
Piano. Lebanon Valley College. 
1972 — -fAdjunct Instructor in Per- 
cussion. B.S. in Ed., Millersville State 
College, 1961. 


1980 — ; Associate Professor of Ed- 
ucation. B.A., St. Mary's College, 
1958; M.A., West Virginia University, 
1970; Ed.D., 1974. 

1979 — ; .Assistant Professor of 
German. B.A., University of Cali- 
fornia at Berkeley, 1971; M.A., 

Assistant Professor of Sociology. 
B.A., Central Michigan University, 
1969; M.A., University of New 
Hampshire, 1973; Ph.D., 1976. 
Instructor in Physical Education. 
B.S., Lock Haven State College, 

Associate Professor of Mathemat- 
ics. B.A., Western Washington 
State College, 1964; M.A., Wash- 
ington State University, 1966; 
Ph.D., 1968. 

ALAN G. HEFFNER, 1980—; 
Assistant Professor of Economics 
and Business Administration. 
B.A., Sonoma State College, 1970; 
M.A., California State University, 
1973; Ph.D., Purdue University, 

JOHN H. HEFFNER, 1972—; 
Associate Professor of Philosophy. 
B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1968; 
A.M., Boston University, 1971; 
Ph.D., 1976. 

Assistant Professor of Biology. 
B.A., Wilson College, 1968; Ph.D., 
University of Michigan, 1973. 
JUNE EBY HERR, 1959— ;^d 
junct Assistant Professor of Ele- 
mentary Education. B.S., Leba- 
non Valley College, 1943; M.Ed., 
The Pennsylvania State University, 

Assistant Professor of Spanish; 
Chairman of the Department of 
Foreign Languages. B.A., Queens 
College, 1971; M.A., 1974; Ph.D., 

1969— ; Associate Professor of Art; 
Chairman of the Department of 
Art. B.F.A., Kent State University, 
1965; M.F.A., 1967. 


Assistant Professor of Education. 
B.A., University of Pittsburgh. 
1937; M.Ed., 1941; D.Ed., 1952. 
Assistant Professor of History. A.B., 
Yale University, 1952; M.A.. San 
Francisco State College, 1963. 
JOHN P. KEARNEY, 1971—; 
Professor of English. B.A., St. Ben- 
edicts College, 1962; M.A., Uni- 
versity of Michigan, 1963; Ph.D., 
University of Wisconsin, 1968. 
1973; l97i—;AdJunct Assistant 
Professor of English. B.A., Univer- 
sity of Leicester, 1966; M.A., 1967; 
Ph.D., University of Sussex, 1972. 
ROYAL E. KNIGHT, 1975—; 
Associate Professor of Economics 
and Business Administration. 
B.S., Eastern Illinois University, 
1955; M.S., 1970; Ed.D., University 
of Northern Colorado, 1976. 
1958; 1963; 1970— ;.4d/ur!c/.4.s 
sistant Professor of Piano. Mus.B., 
Oberlin Conservatory of Music, 
1951; M.F.A., Ohio University, 

DAVID I. LASKY, 1974— ; Pro 
fessor of Psychology. A. B., Temple 
University, 1956; M.A., 1958; Ph.D.. 

ROBERT C. LAU, 1968— ; .4s 
sociate Professor of Music; Chair- 
man of the Department of Music. 
B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1965; 
M.A., Eastman School of Music, 
1970; Ph.D., Catholic University, 

1959 — ; Professor of Chemistry. 
B.S., Muhlenberg College, 1951; Ph.D. 
Cornell University, 1955. 
JEAN O. LOVE, 1954— ;Pro/e5 
sor of Psychology. A.B., Erskine 
College, 1941; M.A., Winthrop 
College, 1949; Ph.D., University of 
North Carolina, 1953. 
1971 — -yAssociate Professor of En- 
glish. A.B., Duquesne University, 
1964; M.A., University of Pennsyl- 
vania, 1968; Ph.D., 1972. 

'Leave of absence, full year. 

JOERC W. P. MAYER, 1970—; 

Professor of Mathematics: Chair- 
man of the Department of Muiiie- 
matical Sciences. Dipl. Math., 
University of Giessen, 1953; Ph.D., 

1980 — ; Adjunct Instructor in 
Trumpet. B.A., Lebanon Valley Col- 
lege, 1977. 

OWEN A. MOE, JR., 1973—; 
Assistant Professor of Chemistry. 
B.A., St. Olafs College, 1966; 
Ph.D., Purdue University, 1971. 
Assistant Professor of Voice. 
B.M.E., Kansas State College, 
1962; M.S., 1965. 

Professor of Chemistry: Chairman 
of the Department of Chemistry. 
B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1943; 
M.S., University of Delaware. 1946; 
Ph.D., 1948. 

JOHN D. NORTON, 1971— ;.4s 
sociate Professor of Political Sci- 
ence. B.A., University of Illinois, 
1965; M.A.. Florida State Univer- 
sity, 1967; Ph.D., American Univer- 
sity, 1973. 

1961— ;Pro/i;ssor of English. A.B.. 
Immaculata College, 1948; M.Ed., 
Temple University, 1952; M.A., Uni- 
versity of Ffennsylvania, 1967; Ph.D., 

1959 — ; .Associate Professor of 
Physics. B.S., The Ffennsylvania State 
L'niversity, 1950; M.S.. Uniwrsity of 
Delaware; 1953. 

1963 — ; Associate Professor of 
Physical Education: Chairman of 
the Department of Physical Edu- 
cation. B.S., Kent State University 
1958; M.Ed.. 1962. 
Assistant Professor of Biology. 
B.A., New York University, 1963: 
Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania 


Assistant Professor of Sociology. 
B.S., City University of New York 
1965; M.S.W., University of Ha 
waii, 1976. 

H. DONALD REED, 1975—; 

.Adjunct Instructor in Bra.s.s. B.S., 
Lebanon Valley College, 1964; 
M.Ed.. West Chester State Col- 
lege, 1973. 

O. KENT REED, 1971— ;.4, 
date Professor of Physical Educa- 
tion. B.S. in Ed., Otterbein Col- 
lege, 1956; M.A. in Ed., Eastern 
Kentucky University. 1970. 
JACOB L. RHODES, 1957—; 
Professor of Physics: Chairmart of 
the Department of Physics. B.S., 
Lebanon Valley College, 1943; 
Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania, 

1978 — ; Associate Professor of 
Strings, Conducting and Theory. 
B.M. and B.M.E., Indiana Univer- 
sity, 1955; M.M., 1963; D.M.A., 
Catholic University, 1977. 
1980—; Assistant Professor of 
Economics and Business .Admin- 
istration. B.A., Wabash College, 
1971; M.A., LIniversity of Colorado, 


.Adjunct A.^sistant Professor of 
French. Fil. Kand., Universities of 
Upsala and Stockholm, 1938. 

JAMES W. SCOTT, 1976— ;. 4s 

sociate Professor of German. B.A., 
Juniata College, 1965; Ph.D.. Prin- 
ceton University, 1971. 

JOHN S. SMITH, 1979—; .Ad- 
junct Instructor in Psychology. 
B.S., Juniata College, 1971; M.A., 
Pepperdine University, 1976. 

ROBERT W. SMITH, 1951—; 

Associate Professor of Music Edu- 
cation. B.S., Lebanon Valley Col- 
lege. 1939; M.A.. Columbia Uni- 
versity, 1950. 

1980 — ;Adjunct Instructor in Ac- 
counting. B.S., University of Scran- 
ton, 1970; C.RA., New York State, 



Associate Professor of Theory and 
Woodwinds. Diploma. Clarinet, 
Juilliard School of Music; B.S., Co- 
lumbia University, 1943; M.A., 

Faculty & Admin. 103 

104 Faculty & Admin. 

1973; 1975— -Adjunct Instructor 
in Piano. Diploma, Juilliard School 
of Music, 1952; Post Graduate Di- 
ploma, 1956. 


Assistant Professor of Economics 
and Business Administration. 
A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 
1957; M.S., Franklin & Marshall 
College, 1969; M.B.A., University 
of Connecticut, 1972. 


Assistant Professor of French. A.B., 
Indiana University, 1965; M.A., 


1977 — ; Adjunct Instructor in 
Flute. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 

1970; .Adjunct Professor of En- 
glish. B.S. in Ed., University of 
Kansas, 1922; M.S. in Ed., 1925; 
Ph.D., University of Wisconsin, 


1972 — ; Associate Professor of 
Piano. B.S., Lebanon \^lley College, 
1963; M.M., University of Michigan, 
1965; D.M.A., University of Iowa, 

1974 — ; Assistant Professor of 
Physics. B.S., Lebanon Valley Col- 
lege, 1968; Ph.D., University of Dela- 
ware, 1975. 


1967 — ; .Associate Professor of 
Philosophy: Chairman of the De- 
partment of Philosophy. A.B., 
Trinity University, 1957; M.A., 
University of Texas, 1963. 

C. F. JOSEPH TOM, 1954—; 

Professor of Economics and Busi- 
ness Administration. B.A., Has- 
tings College, 1944; M.A., Univer- 
sity of Chicago, 1947; Ph.D., 1963. 


1960— ; Professor of Religion. B.A., 
Houghton College, 1949; M.Div., 
United Theological Seminary, 1952; 
Ph.D., Boston University, 1964. 


Assistant Professor of Biology. 
B.A.. Ohio Wesleyan University, 
1964; M.A., Indiana University, 
1966; Ph.D., Cornell University, 

Adjunct Instructor in Economics 
and Business Administration. 
B.A., Lehigh University 1975; 
M.B.A., 1978. 

1963—; Professor of Religion. 
B.A., Wake Forest University, 1944; 
B.D., Divinity School of Duke Uni- 
versity, 1947; Ph.D., Duke Univer- 
sity 1949. 

1973 — ; Assistant Professor of Bi- 
ology. B.A., Central College, 1964; 
M.S., University of Tennessee, 1966; 
Ph.D., Washington University, 1971. 
R. GORDON WISE, 1973—; 
.Adjunct Professor of .Art. B.S., 
University of Missouri, 1960; M.A., 
Roosevelt University, 1964; Ed.D., 
L'niversity of Missouri, 1970. 
PAUL L. WOLF, 1966— ;Profc 
sor of Biology; Chairman of the 
Department of Biology. B.S., Eliz- 
abethtown College, 1960; M.S., 
Universityof Delaware. 1963; Ph.D., 

'ALLAN F. WOLFE, 1968—; 
Professor of Biology. B.A., Gettys- 
burg College, 1963; M.A., Drake 
University 1965; Ph.D., University 
of Vermont, 1968. 
GLENN H. WOODS, 1965—; 
.Associate Professor of English. 
A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 
1951; M.Ed., Temple University, 



196S—; President. B.A., Lebanon 
Valley College, 1952; M.Ed., West- 
ern Maryland College, 1956; D.Ed., 
The Pennsylvania State University, 
1968; Pd.D., Albright College, 

*Sabbatical leave, full year 

Presidential Staff 

CARL Y. EHRHART, 1947—; 

Vice-president, 1967—; Assistant 
to the President 1980—; A.B., 
Lebanon Valley College, 1940; 
M.Div., United Theological Semi- 
nary 1943; Ph.D., Yale University, 

1952—; Dean of Students, 
1972—; A.B., Lebanon Valley Col- 
lege, 1948; M.A., Columbia Uni- 
versity, 1951; Ed.D., Temple Uni- 
versity, 1967. 

RICHARD REED, 1980—; Vice- 
president, Dean of the Faculty. 
B.A., Stetson University, 1962; 
M.A., Emory University, 1965; 
Ph.D., 1971. 

ROBERT C. RILEY, 1951—; 
Controller 1962-: Vice-presi- 
dent. 1967-. B.S. in Ed., Ship- 
pensburg State College, 1941; M.S., 
Columbia University, 1947; Ph.D., 
New York University, 1962; C.PM., 

1980—; College Chaplain. B.A., 
Vanderbilt University, 1961; M.Div., 
Drew University, 1965; M.A., Johns 
Hopkins University, 1967; Ph.D., 

1966 — ; Dean of Admissions, 
1980-; B.A., Lebanon Valley Col- 
lege, 1963; M.Ed., University of Tb- 
ledo, 1966. 

1967—; Executive Director of De- 
velopment and College Relations, 
1976—: B.S., Clarion State Col- 
lege, 1953; M.Ed., University of 
Pittsburgh, 1958. 

Administrative Staff 

1977—; Library Assistant. B.A., 
University of Vermont, 1953. 

Counselor in Admissions. B.S., 
Pennsylvania State University, 


1978— -tAssistant Director of Pub- 
lic Relations. B.A., Lebanon Val- 
ley College. 1976. 
ELOISE P. BROWN, 1961— ;L/ 
brarian. B.S.L.S.. Simmons Col- 
lege, 1946. 

1980 — ; Counselor in Admissions. 
B..^., Lebanon \ alley College, 1979. 
FAY B. BURRAS, 1964— ;ar<?c 
tor of the Computer Center. 
1979-: A.B., Lebanon Valley Col- 
lege, 1960: M.A.. Smith College, 

ALICE S. DIEHL, 1966—; Tech- 
nical Processes Librarian. A.B., 
Smith College. 1956; B.S.. Carne- 
gie Institute of Technology. 1957: 
M.L.S.. University of Pittsburgh. 

ROBERT F. EARLY, 1971—; 

College Physician. B.S., Lebanon 
Valley College, 1949: M.D.. Jeffer- 
son Medical College, 1952. 


Assistant Director of Derelop- 
ment. A.B.. Smith College. 1947. 

RONALD G. EVANS, 1972—; 
.Administrative Serrices. 


Resident Nurse. 


1971—; College Physician. B.S.. 
Lebanon Valley College. 1947: M.D.. 
Jefferson Medical College. 1951. 


1979— ;.4ss/stof7/ Director of De- 
velopment. A.B., Bucknell Univer- 
sity, 1968. 

1967—; Manager of the College 
Store: Business Manager of the 
Concert Choir and Chamber Or- 
chestra. B.A., Randolph Macon Col- 
lege, 1966. 


Director of Security. 


Director of the .Auxiliary Schools, 
1980-. B.A., Wilson College, 
1968: Ph.D.. University of Michi- 
gan, 1973. 

1970 — ; The Librarian: .Associate 
Professor A.B.. The King's Col- 
lege, 1955: Th.M., Dallas Theolog- 
ical Seminary. 1959: M.S.L.S.. Co- 
lumbia L'niversity. 1965. 
1973; 1974—; Counselor in .Ad- 
missions. 1980—. B. A.. University 
of Leicester. 1966: M.A.. 1967; 
Ph.D.. University of Sussex. 1972. 
ROBERT M. KLINE, 1970—; 
College Physician. B.S.. Lebanon 
Valley College, 1950: M.D.. Jeffer- 
son Medical College, 1955; B.A., 
Lebanon Valley College, 1971. 

1966 — ; Manager of Food Service. 
1970 -. 

CAROL J. LENNOX, 1978—; 

.Assistant in Public Relati(ms. B.A.. 
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and 
State University. 1978. 

DELLA M. NEIDIG, 1962— ;a 

recto r of Housekeeping. 1972—. 


1963— ;£'/ri;ctor of Athletics. B.S.. 
Kent State University, 1958- M.Ed., 


1975 — ; Director of .Alumni Rela- 
tions. 1980—: B.A.. St. Bonaven- 
ture University. 1967: M.S. in 
Counseling. Syracuse Universitv. 
1971; M.S. in Physical Education. 

KATHLEEN M. SCHWALM,,Resident Nurse. 
RALPH S. SHAY, 1948-1951; 
Feb., 1953—; Assistant Dean of 
the College and Registrar, 1967—. 
A.B.. Lebanon Valley College. 
1942; A.M.. University of Pennsyl- 
vania, 1947; Ph.D.. 1962. 

STEPHEN SHOOP, 1978— ;-ls 

sistant Director of the Computer 
Center B.S.. Lebanon Valley Col- 
lege. 1974. 

1969; 1971—; College Center Di- 
rector: Coordinator of Confer- 
ences. B.S.. Lebanon Valley Col- 
lege, 1961: M.S. in Ed.. Temple 
University. 1967. 

1971 — ; Assistant Dean of Stu- 
dents, 1974—: Director of Place- 
ment, 1975—. B.A., Lebanon Valley 
College, 1954; M.A., Bucknell Uni- 
versity. 1961. 

Athletic Trainer: Sports Informa- 
tion Director. B.S.. Salisbury State 
College, 1978; Eastern Kentucky 
University, 1980. 

1979 — ;Counselor in .Admi.'isions. 
A.B., Westminster College, 1977; 
M.A.. Drew University, 1978. 
JOHN J. UHL, i9S0—; Director 
of Media Services. B.S., Lebanon 
Valley College, 1979. 
HAROLD D. ULMER, 1973—; 
Director of Public Relations, 
1978-: B.A.. Lebanon Valley Col- 
lege, 1973. 

DANE A. WOLFE, 1977— ;. 4s 
sistant Controller. B.S.. Lebanon 
Valley College. 1974. 
1978; 1979— ;//i.'U(//Vi/'. R.N., 
St. Joseph's Hospital, Carbondale, 

.Assistant Dean of Students. 
1976-. B.S.. Lock Haven State 
College, 1966; M.Ed., West Ches- 
ter State College, 1970. 
1952 — ; Superintendent of Build- 
ings and Grounds, 1969—. 
1977—; Financial .Aid Officer 
B.A.. Muskingum College, 1974; 
M.A., Bowling Green State Univer- 
sity, 1975. 

Coaching Staff 

RONALD C. BREHM, 1980—; 

Women 's Basketball Coach. 
Lacrosse Coach: Soccer Coach: Di- 
rector of Intramurals for Men. 
JOHN S. DeFRANK, 1979—; 
Assistant Football Coach. 
HAROLD G. GETZ, 1978— ;As 
sistant Football Coach. 

Faculty & Admin. 105 


Women 's Lacrosse Coach; Director 
of Intra murals for Women; Assis- 
tant Field Hockey Coach. 
Cross Country Coach. 
JOHN T. LOFTUS, \975—; As- 
sistant Basketlxill Coach. 
Baseball Coach. 

1963—; Golf Coach; Wrestling 

O. KENT REED, 1971— ;/l55;5- 
tant Football Coach; Track Coach. 
1975— ;Bas/fe^to// Coach. 
1980 — •,Equipment Manager 
Tennis Coach. 


l97\—;Football Coach. 
Athletic Trainer. 

1965— -.Field Hockey Coach. 

Assistant Women 's Lacrosse 

The Board 

of Trustees 


106 Bd. of Trustees 





GERFirst Vice-president 
ond Vice-president 
E. D. WILLIAMS, JR. Secretory 

tant Treasurer 

E. N. FUNKHOUSER President 

ALLAN W. MUND President 



largc);Pr(2s;yer!/, New Penn Motor 
Express, Inc. Lebanon, PA. 
large); Resident Bishop of the 
Philadelphia Area, Eastern Penn- 
sylvania Conference and Wyoming 
Conference, United Methodist 
Church. Philadelphia, PA. 
large); Lancaster, PA. 
QUIRE (church); .4/tor;7ey, Ber 
man and Boswell. Harrisburg. PA. 
(alumni); Vice-president. Avon 
Products, Inc. New York City, NY. 
(church); Cafeteria Manager, 
Northeastern School District. Mt. 
Wolf, PA. 

(church); Homemaker. Jamison, 


large); PrcsWen/, Pickering Creek 
Industrial Park, Inc. Lionville, PA. 

(church); Homemaker. Reading, 


(at large);Pres/yen/, 1 C. Hauer's 
Sons, Inc. Lebanon, PA. 

INGER (at large); Genero/ Prac- 
titioner. Red Lion, PA. 
large); Retired Executive, Arm- 
strong Cork Company. Lancaster, 

(church); Registered Representa- 
tive, Broker, Kidder, Peabody and 
Co., Inc. Reading, PA. 
(church); President, Peerless In- 
dustries, Inc. Boyertown, PA; 
Chairman of the Board, Eastern 
Foundry Company. Boyertown, PA; 
^/tor?7ej/ — Romeika, Fish and 
Scheckter. Philadelphia, PA; Se- 
nior Partner, Tax Associates. 
Philadelphia, PA. 

(faculty); Chairperson, Depart- 
ment of English, Professor of En- 
glish, Lebanon Valley College. 
Annville, PA. 

DR. DANIEL W. FOX (alumni); 
Manager, Central Research, Chem- 
istry Research and Development, 
General Electric Company- 
Plastic Division. Pittsfield, MA. 


large); Student, Lebanon Valley 
College. Annville, PA. 
(church);^//orr!ey, Glen and Glen. 
Chambersburg, PA. 
(alumni); Physician, Internal 
Medicine. President, Grosky and 
Druckman Associates. Lebanon, 

(church); Homemaker. Philadel- 
phia, PA. 

large); Student, Lebanon Valley 
College. Annville, PA. 
(church); Pastor Colonial Park 
United Methodist Church. Harris- 
burg, PA. 

large); President, Pardee Com- 
pany. Philadelphia, PA. 
QUIRE (church); 
Attorney — Hen, Potts and Herr. 
Philadelphia, PA. 

(church); Pastor, Highspire/Mt. 
Zion United Methodist Church. 
Highspire, PA. 

(church); Pastor, Grace United 
Methodist Church. Carlisle, PA. 
large); Freelance Musician, Com- 
poser and Conductor New York 
City, NY. 

MRS. JEAN W. LEVY (at large); 
Owner, The Sample Store. Leba- 
non, PA. 

DR. JEAN O. LOVE (faculty); 

Professor of Psychology, Lebanon 
Valley College. Annville, PA. 

DR. THOMAS S. MAY (church); 

Retired Pastor, United Methodist 
Church. Palmyra, PA. 

(church); Chairperson, Depart- 
ment of English, Annville-Cleona 
High School. Annville, PA. 


large); Retired Chairman, Board 
of Directors, Ellicott Machine Cor- 
poration. Baltimore, MD. 


(church); Pastor, Janes Memorial 
United Methodist Church. Phila- 
delphia, PA. 


(faculty); Professor of English, 
Lebanon Valley College. Annville, 

CHUK (alumni); Management 
Consultant,. Timex Corporation. 
New York City, NY; Chairman of 
the Board, Newport Institute. 
Newport, RI. Major General, U.S. 
Army (Ret). 

(church); Retired Ppstor, United 
Methodist Church. Lancaster, PA. 

RELLI (at large); Corporate 
Consultant. Laureldale, PA. 


(church); Vice-president, E.D. 
Plummer Sons, Inc. Chambers- 
burg, PA. 

(church); Homemaker. Philadel- 
phia, PA. 


\atgey,Homemaker. Hershey, PA. 


(church); Pro/essor of Mathemat- 
ics, Indiana University of Pennsyl- 
vania. Indiana, PA. 

MR. MELVIN S. RIFE (at large); 

Retired Executive, Schmidt and 
Ault Paper Company— Div. St. 
Regis Paper Company. York, PA. 

FORD, JR. (at large); Retired 
Principal, Arthur Young and Com- 
pany. Richmond, VA. 
President of the College. Annville, 

large); Student, Lebanon Valley 
College. Annville, PA. 
(church); District Superinten- 
dent, State College District, Cen- 
tral Pennsylvania Conference, 
United Methodist Church! State 
College, PA. 


(church); Superintendent, Cham- 
bersburg District, Central Pennsyl- 
vania Conference, United Method- 
ist Church. Chambersburg, PA. 

(church); Pastor, Asbury United 
Methodist Church. York, PA. 


large); President, Strickler Insur- 
ance Agency, Inc. Lebanon, PA. 

ulty); /Iss/sto;]/ Professor of Biol- 
ogy, Lebanon Valley College. Ann- 
ville, PA. 


(alvaani);Assistant Treasurer, The 
Bendix Corporation. Southfield, 


BURCER (at large);C/i;e/^o/^Car 
cinogen Metabolism and Toxicol- 
ogy Branch, National Cancer 
Institute. Bethesda, MD. 


(at large); President, Wengert's 
Dairy, Inc. Lebanon, PA. 


(church); Pastor, United Method- 
ist Church of West Chester. West 
Chester, PA. 

MR. E. D. WILLIAMS, JR. (at 
large); Secretary, Board of Trust- 
ees, Lebanon Valley College. Ann- 
ville, PA. 


(church); v4«orne{/ — Hassell, Yost 
and Sorrentino. Lancaster, PA. 



tired Executive, Walter W. Moyer 
Company. Ephrata, PA. 
tired President, Funkhouser Cor- 
poration. Hagerstown, MD. 
DR. PAUL E. HORN;Pastor, Ste- 
vens Memorial United Methodist 
Church. Harrisburg, PA. 
KAEBNICK; Retired Bishop, 
Central Pennsylvania Conference, 
United Methodist Church. Hershey, 

tired Executive, Blumenthal-Kahn 
Electric Company. Owings Mills, 

DR. EZRA H. RANCK;P«;//r<?d 
Pastor, United Methodist Church. 
Mt. Joy, PA. 

tired President, H. B. Reese Candy 
Company, Inc. Hershey, PA. 
dent, Ritter Brothers, Inc. Harris- 
burg, PA. 

Chairman of the Board, Wengert's 
Dairy, Inc. Lebanon, PA. 


ESQUIRE; /l»ornc(/-McNees, 
Wallace and Nurick. Harrisburg, 

dent and Chairman of the Board, 
Denver and Ephrata Telephone 
Company. Ephrata, PA. 
maker. Denver, PA. 
QUIRE; Attorney, Smith and 
McCleary. York, PA. 
VlYER;Business Executive, York, 

Homemaker. Carlisle, PA. 

Bd. of Trustees 107 

Correspondence Directory 


Matters of General College Interest President 

Academic Program Vice President and Dean of the Faculty 

Admissions Dean of Admissions 

Alumni Interests Director of Alumni Relations 

Business Matters, Expenses Vice President and Controller 

Campus Conferences Coordinator of Conferences 

Development and Bequests Executive Director of Development 

Evening School and Summer Session Director of Auxiliary Schools 

Financial Aid to Students Financial Aid Officer 

Teacher Placement Director of Teacher Placement 

Business and Industrial Placement Director of Placement 

Publication and Publicity Director of Public Relations 

Religious Activities Chaplain 

Scheduling of Events Administrator in Charge of Specific Building 

Student Interests Dean of Students 

Teacher Certification Registrar 

Transcripts, Academic Reports Registrar 

Weekend College Director of Auxiliary Schools 


Lebanon Valley College 
Annville, Pennsylvania 17003 


Lebanon Valley College 

Annville, Pennsylvania 

Area Code 717 Local Number 867-4411 


College office hours are from 8:30 a.m. to 12:00 noon and 1:00 p.m. to 5:00 p.m. 
Monday through Friday. Members of the staff are aval lable at other times if appointments 
108 Corresp.Dir. are made in advance. 

Gamptis Map and Key 



Administration Building 

Allan W. Mund College Center 

Arnold Field 

Art Studio 

Blair Music Center 

Carnegie Bldg. (Admissions) 

Centre Hall 

Faculty Offices, 104 College Ave. 

Faculty Offices. 112 College Ave. 

Faculty Offices, 130 College Ave. 

Funkhouser Hall 

Gladys M. Pencil Bldg. (Registrar) 

Gossard Memorial Library 

® Hammond Hall 

® Heating Plant 

® Infirmary 

® KeisterHall 

® Kreiderheim 

® LaughlinHall 

@ Lynch Memorial Gymnasium 

@ Maintenance Building 

@ Marv Capp Green Hall 

® Miller Chapel 

® North College 

@ Savior Hall 

@ Science Anne.x 

@ Science Center (Proposed) 

@ Science Hall 

@ Security Building 

® Sheridan Hall 

® Silver Hall 

® South Entrance (Bollinger) Plaza 

® L'nited Methodist Church 

® \'ickroy Hall 

® Wagner House 

® West Hall 

® West Annex 

Campus Map 109 


no IndiLX 

Academic Procedures 45 

Accounting 57 

Accreditation 21 

Actuarial Science 76 

Admissions 25 

Admissions (Early) 25 

Administration (Directory) 104 
Administrative Regulations 46 

Advisers 37 

Affiliation (Church) 21 

Application 25 

Application Form .... 111,112 

Art 50 

Athletics 21,89 

Attendance (Class) 46 

Auditing Courses 46 

Average (Grade Point) 38 

Biochemistry 50 

Biology 51 

Board of Trustees 21,106 

Business Administration ... 57 

Calendar (1980-81) 19 

Chapel Programs 22,46 

Chemistry 53 

Coaching'Staff 105 

Computer Programming .... 56 

Computer Science 76 

Cooperative Programs 51,63,69,87 

Course Credit 49 

Course Numbering System .. 49 

Credits (Course) . . .' 37,49 

Credits (Transfer) 27,38 

Criminal Justice 98 

Cultural Opportunities 22 

Degrees 37 

Dentistry (Pre) 70 

Departmental Honors 52,54,60. 

Deposits 25,26,30,31 

Directories 101 

Dishonesty (Academic) 46 

Dismissal 47 

Economics 57 

Education 60 

Education (Secondary) 62 

Elementary Education 60 

Endowment Funds 28 

Engineering (Cooperative) . . 63 
English 64 

Environmental Biology (Off 

Campus) 43,52 

Evening School 43 

Faculty (Directory) 101 

Family Intervention 98 

Financial Aid 33 

Financial Aid (Application) 34 

Fees (1980-81) 30 

Foreign Languages 66 

Forestry (Cooperative) 69 

French 66 

Geography 69 

German 66 

Germantown Semester (Off Cam- 
pus) 44,79 

Gerontology 98 

Grading System 39 

Greek 68 

Health Professions 52,70 

History 70 

History of the College 2 

Honors 42 

Humanities 74 

Individualized Major 75 

Independent Studv 51,53,56,58, 
Interdisciplinary Subjects ... 75 
International Studies (Off Cam- 
pus) 44 

Internships 52,56,58,59,65.70, 

Law (Pre) 70 

Major 38 

Map (Campus) 109 

Map (Location) 4 

Mathematics 77 

Meals 32 

Medical Technology 79 

Medicine (Pre) 70 

Metropolitan Semester . . 44,79 

Music 80 

Music Education 80 

Music (Sacred) 80 

Nuclear Medicine Technology 


Nursing 52,87 

Operations Research 77 

Orientation (New Student) .. 27 

Pass/Fail 40 

Pharmacy (Pre) 70 

Philosophy 88 

Philosophy Courses 88 

Physical Education 89 

Physics 90 

Placement (Advanced) 26 

Placement (Counseling) 39 

Podiatry (Pre) 70 

Political Science 70 

Preregistration 30,45 

Prerequisites 49 

Probation 47 

Psychology 92 

Reading and Study Skills , . . . 95 

Recreation 21 

Refunds 31 

Registration 30,45 

Religion 95 

Religious Life 22 

Repeating Courses 45 

Requirements (The General) 41 

Residence Halls 31 

Residence Requirement 38 

Sacred Music ' 80 

Schedules 45 

Secondary Education 62 

Semester Hours 37 

Social Life 22 

Social Science 97 

Social Service 98 

Social Work 98 

Sociology 98 

Spanish 66 

Statement of Purpose 20 

Student Conduct Code 23 

Student Government 23 

Summer Session 43 

Suspension 47 

Thanatology 98 

Transcripts 47 

Transfer Credit 27,38 

Trustees (Directory) 106 

University Center 43 

Veterinary (Pre) 70 

Washington Semester (Off Cam- 
pus) 44,71 

Weekend College 43 

Withdrawal 47 






Full Name Ms. 


Session (Ciiecli one or more): 

Entrance Aug. 




. Phone 

Street Name 

Area Code 

City County 

Major Choice: Accounting , 

Business Administration , 

Elem. Educ. . English , 

Humanities . individualized Major 

Music . Music Education , 

Zip Code 



Actuarial Science . 

Chemistry , Computer Science , 

French , For. Languages German 

History , 


Medical Technology 

, Nursing . 

Operations Research . Philosophy . Physics Political Science . Psychology . 

Religion Sacred Music . Social Science Social Service . Sociology Spanish 

Nuclear Medicine Technology 

Physics Political Science 

_ (interest in areas of liberal arts. 

.or science. 


I'ndecided _ 
Pre-Prolessional Preparation: 

Students may also choose to prepare for Professional or Vocational interests in the following areas: 

Co-op Engineering Pre-Dental , Pre-Forestry Pre-Law 

Pre-Ministerial , Pre-Optometry Pre-Osteopathy Pre-Pharmacy 

Social Service (Social Work. Gerontology, Thanatology. Criminal Justice. Family Intervention). 

Teaching , (Elementary. Secondary, Music), Pre- Veterinary 



Pre-Medicine , 
Pre-Podiatry . 

High School 

Name of Guidance Counselor 

Attendance and Graduation Dates 

Telephone Number of Guidance Office 
Transfer applicants should have official transcripts of ALL previous college credits sent directly to the Admissions Office. 



College or University 

Curriculum or Division 

Attendance Dates 

Please list the names and addresses of two persons who can provide us with information about your extra-curricular and/or non- 
school related activities. (Please do not list family members.) 
Name Address 



Application Application Fee 

H.S. Record College Transcript 

Admissions Committee Action: 
















Date of Birth 

Married Single 

If married, Spouse's full name 

Children: Boys (Ages) 

What is vour height? 

Place of Birth 

Male . 

Female . 

_ Social Security # 

. Occupation 

weight? . 

Girls (Ages) 

. Condition of Health: Good _ 

Average . 


What operation or serious illness have you had within the last two years?' 

Of what church or religious organization are you a member or a regular attendant? 
Name of father .Address 

Education — High School 

His occupation 

Name of mother 

Middle Last 
(Check) College 

If deceased check here 

(Name and Degrees) 

.Employed by _ 

Education — High School 
Her Occupation 

Middle Last 
(Check) College 

If deceased check here 

(Name and Degrees) 

Number of Brothers (Ages). 

_Employed by 
.Sisters (Ages). 

8. Name and address of guardian, if applicable 

y. From what source or sources do you expect to derive your financial support while in College? 

10. In what ways have you contributed toward meeting the costs of a college education? 

11. Do you plan to complete a full four-year program at LVC? 
If not. what are your plans? 

,' 12. E.xtra-curricular acti\'ities in high school in order of preference: . 

13. High school honors: 

14. How did you learn about Lebanon Valley College? (Name of person or activity) 

15. Why did you choose to apply for admission to Lebanon Valley College? 

I am enclosing the application fee of $15.00 and understand that this fee is not refundable. 

In signing this formal application. 1 signify that the information provided on this application is to the best of my knowledge and 

belief accurate and correct. If admitted, I agree to abide by the rules and regulations of the College. 

Applicants Signature 


U S Q 



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^ Ld 

z: ^ 


















cn y P 


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CO Uji 

CO >. ^ 







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Date of Birth 

If married. Spou; 
Children: Boys 

3. What is your he 
What operation ( 

4. Of what church o 

5. Name of father _ 

Education — Hig 
His occupation _ 

6. Name of mother 

Education — Hig 
Her Occupation 

7. Number of Broth 

8. Name and addres 

9. From what sourc 

10. In what ways ha\ 

11. Do you plan to C( 
If not. what are y 

12. E.xtra-curricular 

13. High school hon- 

14. How did you lear 

15. Why did you cho 

1 am enclosing the apj 
In signing this formal 
belief accurate and co 
























■E pa c — 


O "^ t> — 

;« i>r S ~ 

^ .^ **" ^^ 


Year of High School Graduation 

Transfer Student? M-s 

Have We Corresponded With You Before 

Field of Interest (a) 





Extra Curricular Interest 

I would Like an Interview it Tour 


Other Material or Information Needed: 

1 Would Like a Personal Call From Admissions Staff 










Area Cnde 

Year of High School Graduation 
Transfer Student? 


Have We Corresponded With You Before 

Field of Interest (a) 





Extra Curricular Interest 

I would Like an Interview & Tour 


Other Material or Information Needed: 

1 Would Like a Personal C 



Admissions Staff 










Area C 


Photography by Jim Grumblne